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A Suggestion to the Pupil 

As you advance in your studies and are promoted to 
higher grades new and more difficult questions will 
continually arise. You will often feel the need of a 
larger and more complete dictionary to answer many 
puzzling questions in spelling, language work, history, 
geography, and science. A new dictionary, — 
Webster's Collegiate, Third Edition, — has just been 
issued to meet your needs. This new book is the largest 
and latest abridgment of Webster's New Interna- 
tional, the parent dictionary of the latest Merriam- 
Webster series, justly known as the One Supreme 
Authority. At school you probably have access to one 
or both of these dictionaries, but do you know that study 
at home is made easier and is more quickly accomplished 
when you have there the opportunity to use one of the 
larger dictionaries ? HaveyowaNEW 
International or Collegiate in 
your home? 

Write for specimen pages, etc., to 
G. & C. Merriam Co., Publishers, 
Springiield, Mass., U. S. A. 




Thb CoMicoN School Dictionary here presented is compiled from 
Webster's International Dictionary of the English Language. As that 
work replaced Webster's Unabridged Dictionary, so this is designed to 
take the place of the Common School Dictionary originally prepared by 
Mr. William G. Webster, in 1857, and at various times i*e vised and en- 
larged. The present volume is an entirely new work, and contains many 
words and definitions not to be found in its predecessors. Its purpose is 
to give the correct orthography, pronunciation, and definition of all words 
which pupils in Common Schools are likely to meet with. 

The pronunciation of every word is clearly shown by respelling with 
phonetic markings that are explained in the key lines below the pages. 
For the first time in a school dictionary, the pronunciation of unaccented 
syllables is thus accurately indicated. 

The addition of many new words, and the free use of illustrations to 
help in understanding the subject, have not excessively increased the bulk 
of the volume. Condensation has been accomplished by omitting defini- 
tions of derived words (mostly adverbs, adjectives, and abstract nouns) 
which are self-explaining as soon as the root word is understood ; and, 
farther, such derivatives have usually been grouped in the same para- 
graph with the root word, where this could be done without interrupting 
the alphabetical order. On the other hand, care has been taken to dis- 
criminate between words of the same spelling and pronunciation, but of 
different etymology and meaning. For instance, Sound is a form repre- 
senting ybur words of the same pronunciation but of widely different ori- 
gin and sense. In older dictionaries such words appeared as one word 
with different meanings. This mode, tending to confuse or mislead the 
pupil, has been carefully avoided. 

Teachers and students will notice that the Vocabulary presented in 
this book is nearly twice as full, and the treatment of words much more 
satisfactory, than has ever before been attempted in a Common School 
Dictionary. This has been accomplished by making the book a diction- 
ary of English words, and by omitting such special lists and phrases as 
belong more properly to works of a higher grade. 




Preface . . . . . iii 

Kky to the Pronunciation v 

Rules for Spelling Certain Classes of Words vi-x 

List of the Abbreviations used in this Work x 




In the respelling for pronunciation in this Dictionary, there is employed, as shown in the table, 
a symbol for every clear vowel or diphthongal sound bx the language. The principal substitutions 
nuule with each consonant symbol are also noted below. 


a, as 
ft, " 
A, " 

ft, " 
a, " 

A It 






«, " 

i, " 
t, " 
I, " 

5, »» 




.ale, cha'os, cham'ber. 
.Ben'ftte, ft-e'ri-al, sal'a-tA-ry. 
.cftre, pftr'ent, com-pftre', ftir. 
.&m, f&t, ftt-t&ck', re'ftd-mit'. 
.firm, fii'tber, alms, &rt, palm, 
.ask, srass, a-bate', A-iuer'i-ca, 

.fl'nol, in'fant, mad'am. 
.^11, ^we, sw^^rui, t^lk, dr^w. 
.eve, se-reue', he^li-om'e-ter. 
.6-▼ent^ dd-lin'^ate, e^-reue'. 
.^nd, mSt, cou'ddm-na'tlon. 
.fdrn, her, per-vSrt', ev'Sr. 
.re'cent, pru'dence, nov'el. 
.Ice, time, in-spire', jus'ti-fl'a-ble. 
.t-de'a, tri-bu'nal, di-am'e-ter. 
.Ul, pin, ad-mit', hab'it, iu-finl- 

.51d, roMT, o'ver, lo'co-mS'tive. 
.d-bey', t6-bac'c6, sor'rdw, pr6- 



ab-hdr', ab-hdr' 

as in . /drb, ftr'der, 
..5dd, n5t, fSr'est, in'c5r-rect'. 
. .Use, pare, tune, dii'ty, as-siime'. 
..d-nite', ac'td-ate, ed-ti-ca'tiou. 
r^de, r^'mor, iii-trude'. 

f ^11, put, f ui-ftir, Wvi» *»'• 

»♦ ..ftp, siad'y, iln'der, in'dils-try. 
..ftrn, fiirl, <M>n-ciir', bOrn. 
..pit'j^, In'ju-ry, di-vln'l-ty., moon, fool, udbn, ifirdb'- 
" ..fdbt, -wc^l, bAc^k, crdbk'ed. 
** ..out, tliou, de-vour'. 
" ..oil, re-joice', em-broid'er-y. 
, representing the nasal tone (as iu French or 
Portuguese^ of the preceding vowel ; 
as iu entree (aN'trtO. 
' (for yoice-glide), as in pardon (plir'd'n), evil 










f (hard): as in go, anger; for gu, as in 
guard ; for gue, as iu plague ; for gh, 
as in giiost. 

(surd, or sharp) : as iu go ; for o, as in cell ; 
for 8c, as in science ; for ss, as in hiss. 

z (like 8 sonant): as iu zone; for g, as iu is, 
nvise, music; for x, as in Xenophon, 

ch (= tsli) : as in cliair, muoli ; for teb) as 
in matdi. 

gh : for eh, as in machine, chafge ; for ce, 
as in ocean ; for d, as in social ; for sci, 
as in conscious ; for g, as iu sure ; for se, 
as in nauseous ; for si, as iu pension ; for 
ss, as in issue ; for ggl, as in paggion ; for 
tl, as in nadon. 

sift (= gh made sonant) : f or z, as in azure ; for 
zi, as in glazier; f or g, as in pleasure, 
uflual ; for si, as in -vlgion ; for g, as iu 
rouge, cortege. 

i (= dzh) : f or g, as in gem, giant ; for gi 
and ge, as in religion, pigeon ; for di, 
as in soldier ; for dg, as in knowledge. 

k : for ch, as in chorus, anarchy ; for c, as 
in cat; for ck, as in duck; for qu, as 
in conquer, coquette; for que, as in 

]£Mr : for qu, as In queen, quality. 

ks (surd) : for x, as iu vex, exit, dextrous. 

gz (sonant) : for x, as iu exist, exact, exam- 

f : for ph, as in philosophy, triumph ; for 
gh, as in rough. 

hw : for wh, as iu what, why, where. 

t : for ed, as in baked, crossed ; for th, as 
■in th^me, Thomas. 

ng: as m long, singer; for ngue, as m 

g (like ng) : for n before the sound of k or hard 
g, as in bank, linger. 

n (the ordinary sound) : as in no, none, man, 

th (sonant) : for th, as in then, this, smooth, 

th (surd): as in thin, through, breath, 

KoiSi Foreign socrnds are represented by the nearest English equivalents. Thus, ^ is employed, 
as the nearest English vowel we have, inexact as it is, to replace u French and U German ; and in 
Uke manner the S for the eu French and 6 German. 

Aocnm avd HTPHZirs. The principal accent is indicated by a heavy mark ('), and the second- 
ary accent by a lighter mark (0, at the end of the syllable. Syllabic division is otherwise Indicated 
by a light hyidieii ; a heavier Iqrphen Joins members of compound words. 





§ 1. The letters / and /, at the end of mono- 
ayUables, and standing immediately after single 
vowels, are generally doubled ; as m alaff^ c^t^, 
doff^ puff; all^- btll^ hUl^ toll^ nvU, The words 
elef^ {ff o/y and «o/, are exceptions. 

I 2. The letter «, at the end of a monosyllable, 
and after a idngle vowel, is generally doabled, ex- 
cept when used to form the possessive case or 
plural of a noun, or third person singular of a 
verb ; as in grcusj press, htss, tnoss, truss. The 
only important exceptions are Of, gas, has, toas, 
yes, his, is, thus, and us. 

§ 3. Besides /, I, and s, the only consonants 
doubled at the end of a word are b, a, g, m, n, p, 
r,t, and z. Words in which these letters are 
doubled are abb, ebb; add, odd, rudd; egg, 
mumm (to mask); inn, bunn; toapp ; gnarr, 
parr, err^ birr, shirr, skirr, burr, purr; mitt, 
^lUt ; fizz, fuzz, buzz. 

§ 4. A consonant standing at the end of a 
word immediately after a diphthong or double 
▼owel is never doubled. The words ail, peat, 
haul, door, and maim, are examples. 

§ 6. Monosyllables ending, as pronounced, 
with the sound of k, and in which o follows the 
vowel, have usually k added after the c; as in 
black, knock, buck. The words lac, sac, talc, 
zinc, ploc, roc, soc, arc, marc, ore, and ftsc, are 

Words of more than one syllable, ending in ic 
or iac, which formerly ended in A;, also words de- 
rived from the Latin or Oreek languages, or from 
I other sources, or formed in an analogous manner, 
are now written without the k ; as, maniac, mu- 
sic, public. The word derrick is an exception. 
Words of more than one syllable, in which c is 
preceded by other vowels than i or ia, commonly 
- end in ck ; as, arrack, barrack, hammock, hillock, 
wedlock. The words almanac, sandarac, limbec, 
xebec, manioc, and havoc, are exceptions. 

§ 6. In derivatives formed from words ending 
in c, by adding a termination beginning with e, i, 
or y, the letter k is inserted after the c, in order 
that the latter may not be inaccurately pro- 
nounced like s before the following vowel : as, 
edie, colicky; traffic, trafficked, trafficking, traf- 
fiektr ; wtncy «tfid^. 


§ 7. In derivatives formed by adding a term!- 
nation beginning with a vowel to monoeyUables 
and words accented on the last syllable, when 
these words end in a single consonant (except z) 
preceded by a single vowel, that consonant is 
doubled ; as, clan, clannish ; plan,planned,plan- 
ning, planner; hot, hotter, hottest; vnt, witty ; 
cabal', cabal'ler ; abet', abel'ted, ahet'ting, abet'- 
tor ; infer', inferred', infer^ring. 

The derivatives of the word g<u (except gassed^ 
gassing, and gassy) are written with but one s; 
as, gaseous, gaseity, gasify, Ex'cellence,tuibeing 
from the Latin ^u^lens, retains the double I, 
though one / has been dropped from the termina- 
tion of excel'. It is no exception to this rule 
that chanceUor, and the derivatives of metal and 
crystal, as metalloid, metaUurgy, erystaUine, 
crystallize, and the like, are written with the / 
doubled, since they are derived respectively from 
the Latin cancellarius (through the French), and 
metallum, and the Greek cpvirraAAov. 8o idso 
the word tran^illity retains the double/ as being 
from the Latm tranquillitas, while the English 
derivatives of tranquil, though often written with 
two Vs, are more properly written with only one, 
as tranquilize, tranquilizer, and the like. 

§ 8. When a diphthong, or a dig^ph repre- 
senting a vowel sound, precedes the final conso- 
nant of a word, or the accent of a word ending in 
a single consonant falls on any other syllable than 
the last, or when the word ends in two different 
consonants, the final consonant is not doubled in 
derivatives formed by the addition of a termina- 
tion beginning with a vowel : as, daub, daubed, 
dauber ; need, needy ; rer'el, rett'eUd, rev'eling ; 
trnv'el, trav'eling, trav'eler; profit, profited; 
stand, standing. 

The final consonant is doubled in the deriva- 
tives of a few words ending in ^, in order to 
diminish the liability to its being pronounced like 
j, before e or i: as, humbug, humbugged, hum- 
bugging ; periwig, periwigged. The word tooolen 
is more generallv thus written, in the United 
States, with one t; but in England It la written 

NoTB. — There is a large class of words ending 
In a single consonant, ana aooented on aonie other 



■yOalde than the last, the final oonaonanta of 
which are, by yery many writers and lexioogra- 
phers, doubled in their derivativea, unneoeaaarily 
and Gontnurily to analogy* These words are 
chiefly thoee ending in ^ with also a few of other 
terminations. The following list, the words in 
which are chiefly verbs, includes the most im- 
portant of those m regard to which usage varies : 
namely, apparel^ barrel^ bevel, bias, bowels and its 
compounds, amcel, carburet, and all similar words 
endmg in ureU cavil, card, channel, chUeltcam- 
promtt, caufuel, cudgd, diali duhevel, aowd. 

thai, marvel, medal, metal, model, panel, parallel, 
parcel, pencil, peril, pistol, pommsl, quarrel, rav- 
el, revel, rivaf, rowel, shovel, shrivel, snivel, tas- 
sel, tinsa, trammel, travel^unnel, unravel, vial, 
victual, worship. In this Dictionary, the deriva- 
tives of these words are made to conform to the 
rule, as recommended by Walker, Lowth, Perry, 
and other eminent scholars. 

S 9. Derivatives formed from words ending in 
a double consonant, by adding one or more sylla- 
bles, commonly retain both consonants : as, ebb, 
ebbing ; odd, oddly ; stiff, stiffness ; /ell, feUable ; 
skUl, skUlful, skU{fulness; will, wiUful, wiU ful- 
ness; dtUlt dullness ; fuUf fullness. So also the 
double / is retained in the words installment, in- 
thrallment, thralldom, and enrollment (from in- 
stall, inthrall, thrall, and enroll), in order to pre- 
vent the false pronunciation they might receive if 
spelled with one /. Many writers and lexicogra- 
phers, especially in England, omit one / in these 
words, As also in the derivatives of skill, will, 
dull, aadfull, formed by adding the syllables ly 

The derivatives of pontiff toe exceptions to the 
rule, being written with only one /; as, ponti/ic, 
pontifical, pontificial, and the like. One I also is 
dropped in a few words formed by adding the 
teirmlnation ly to words ending in //, in order to 
prevent the concurrence of three l*s : as, ill, illy : 

§ 10. In derivatives formed from words end- 
ing with silent e, the e is generally retained when 
the termination begins with a consonant : aa^jmle, 
paleness ; hate, haiefvl : move, movement, when, 
however, the e is immediately preceded by an- 
other vowel (except e), it i« often dropped from 
the derivative: aa,due, duly; awe, awful; and 
derivatives and compounds of these words. 

The words whollif, nursling, wisdom, abridg- 
ment, acknowledgment, lodgment^ judgment, and 
the compounds of some of these, are exceptions. 
The last four, however, are written, by many 
authors, abridgement, acknowledgement, lodge- 
ment. Judgement. 

§ 11. In derivatives formed from words end- 
ing with nlent e, when the termination begins 
with a vowel, the e is generally omitted, except 
in the cases mentioned in the next paragraph : as, 
bride, bridal ; use, usage ; come, coming ; shape, 
shaping, move, movable, fleece, fleecy: force, 

The e is retained in the words hoeing, shoeing, 
and toeing (from noe, shoe, and toe), in order to 

prevent doubt as to ttw pronanciafeioii. It is re- 
tained, also, in the words dyeing, stngeing, 
springeing, swingeing, Hngeina (from dye, singe, 
springe, swinge, tinge), to distinguish them from 
dying, singing, springing, swinging, tinging 
(from die, sing, spring, swing, ting). The word 
mUeage, as commonly written, does not omit the 
e, though it is sometimes, and more correctly, 
spelled milage. The words lineage, limxU, and 
pineal, though apparently exceptions, are not 
really such, since thev are derived not directly 
from line and pine, but from the Latin linea 
(through the French), linealis, and pinea. The 
e, standing, in a derivative, before a termination 
beginning with a or o, and immediately after c or 
g, is retained in order to preserve the soft sounds 
of these consonants : as, peace, peaceable ; notice, 
noticeable ; manage, manageable ; change, diange- 
able ; advantage, ndvantageous ; outrage, outrage- 
ous , mortgage, mortgageor. The latter word is 
sometimes very improperly written mortgagor, 
and pronounced mor^ga-jor, 

$ 12. In derivatives formed from words end- 
ing in ie, by adding the termination ing, the e is 
dropped, and the t changed to y, in order to pre- 
vent two Vs from coming together : as, die, dying ; 
vie, vying. 

J 13. In derivatives of words ending in y pre- 
ed by a consonant, and formed by appending 
any termination except one beginning with i, the 
y is usually changed into i : as, icy, iciest, icily ; 
mercy, merciless ; foggy, foggtness ; pity, pitiful. 

The derivatives of adjectives of one syllable 
ending in y preceded by a consonant, are excep- 
tions, and usually retain the y: as, shy, shyness. 
But the adjectives drier and driest, from dry, are 
commonly vmtten with i instead of y. Deriva- 
tives formed by adding the terminatu>n ship, as 
secretaryship, suretyship, ladyship, and the like, 
also retain the y. The words babyhood and lady- 
kin are likewise exceptions. The y is also re- 
tained in the possessive case singular of nouns, 
when formed by adding s with the apostrophe : 
as, couniry^s, everybody's, > 

§ 14. Derivatives formed by affixing a termi- 
nation to words ending in y preceded by a vowel, 
generally retain the y unchanged : as, gay, gay- 
ety, gayly ; obey, obeying ; joy, joyful ; gluey, 

The words daily, laid, paid, said, saith, aHain, 
and staid (from day, lay, pay, say, slay, and stay), 
with their compounds, are exceptions. Staid, 
however, is sometimes written stayed. Deriva- 
tives from words ending in uy, as colloquies, from 
colloquy, are not exceptions to the rule, as «, in 
such cases, is not strictly a vowel, but stands for 
the consonant w. 

§ 16. Derivatives formed by appending a syl- 
lable beginning with a vowel to words ending with 
a vowel sound, generally retain the letter or let- 
ters representing such sound : as, huzza, huz- 
zaed ; agree, agreeable, agreeing ; weigh, weigh- 
ing; bmp, botoed ; beau, beauish. 

Derivatives of words of this class ending in 
silent e, as also those formed from words ending 
in double e by adding a termination beginning 


with 0, drop the final .* as, Am, koed; apree, 
agreed. The caaes mentioned in aectioua lit 12, 
and 13 are also exceptions. 

§ 16. Derivatives formed by prefixing one or 
more syllables to words ending in a double con- 
sonant commonly retain both consonants : as, re- 
buffy be/ally itUhrall, foreteU^ f^fi^j emboss (from 
buff.faU, thrall, tell^fiU, boss). 

The word wUU is an exception, being always 
written with one /. Those words of this class 
which end in U are written by some authors, es- 
pecially in England, with one / .* as, be/alj in- 
thral, foretelj fulfil, enrol. The words distill and 
instiU should be written with the / doubled, 
though they are <rften written di^U and instUy 
with only one /. 

§ 17* Compound worda formed by jolnii^ 
two or more words commonly retain all the let- 
ters of the simple words : as, stiff-necked^ iride- 

There are numerous exceptions to this rule, 
many of them compounds which by long use have 
acquired the force of single words. They are the 
following: namely, some compounds of all and 
well ; as, almighty, almost, alone, already, also, 
ndthough, altogether, always, withal, therewithal, 
wherewithal, welcome, welfare ; — compounds of 
mass ; as, Christmas, Michaelmas, etc. ; — words 
of which the second part is the adjective /t«U; as, 
artful, woeful ; — also, the words chilblain, ful- 
fill, namesake, neckerchief, numskull, pcuiime, 
standish, and wherever, 

§ 18. The plural of nouns regularly ends in s, 
or, in certain classes of words, in es. 

When the noun in the singular ends with such 
a sound that the sound of s can unite with it 
and be pronounced without forming a separate 
syllable, s only is added in forming the plural : 
as, sea, seas; woe, woes; canto, cantos; claw, 
claws; chief, chiefs; path, paths; gem, gems; 
act, acts. A few plurals from nouns ending in 
preceded by a consonant, end in es: as, echo, 
echoes ; cargo, cargoes ; potato, potatoes. Other 
nouns of this class generally form their plurals 
regularly, though usage differs with regard to 
some of them. Those in which final o is preceded 
bv a vowel form their plurals regularly. The 
plural of alkali is written alkalis or alkalies ; that 
of rabbi, either rabbis or rabbles. With regard 
to other nouns ending in i usage differs, though 
the^ are more properly written with the termi- 
nation is. 

When the noun in the singular ends with such 
a sound (as that of ch, sh, j, s, x, or z) that the 
sound of s can not unite with it in pronunciation, 
but must form a separate syllable, e is inserted 
before s in forming the plural, unless the word 
ends with silent e, in which case the Utter serves 
to form a separate syllable with s: as, church, 
churches; age, ages; lace, laces; gas, gases; 
maze, mazes. 

To express the plural of a letter, figure, or any 
character or sign, or of a word mentioned with- 
out regard to its meaning, the letter s, generally 
preceded by the apostrophe, is appended, as in 
the phrases, **The two/'« in all;" *'The two 

0*s in 400 ; ** " The why^s and wherefore^s of the 

§ 19. Nouns ending in y preceded by a con8o> 
naiit form their plural by adding es and changing 
y into t .' as, mercy, mercies ; sky, skies ; pity, 
pities. This rule includes words ending in guy, 
in which u, being pronounced like w, is strictly a 
consonant : as, colloquy, colloquies. The plural 
of proper nouns ending in y preceded by a conso- 
nant, is formed by changing y into ies, according 
to the rule: as, "The three Maries." Many 
writers, however, form the plural of such words 
by simply adding s : as, *^ The three Marys." 

When the singular of a noun ends in y preceded 
by a vowel (except « having the power ol w), the 
plural is r^ularly formed by adding s only : as, 
day, days; key, keys; money, moneys; attorney, 
attorneys; alloy, cdloys; guy, guys. Some plu* 
rals of the latter class are often inaccurately writ- 
ten with the termination ie« .* as, monies, attOT' 
nies, and the like. 

§ 20. The plurals of a few nouns ending in / 
or/e are irregularly formed by clianging forfe 
into ves. The following wwds, with their com- 
pounds, are the principal examples : namely, life, 
lives; knife, knives; wife, wives; leaf, leaves; 
sheaf, sheaves; loaf, loaves; beef, beeves; thief ^ 
thieves; calf, calves; half, halves; elf, elves; 
shelf, shelves; self, selves; wolf, wolves. The 
plural of staff is sometimes written staffs, but 
more commonly staves, except when it means a 
corps of officers, either military or civil, in which 
sense it is always written staffs. The plural of 
wharf is generally written wharfs in England ; in 
the United States it is more commonly, but im- 
properly written wharves, as it is also by some 
recent English writers. The plurals of hoof and 
turf, formerly written hooves and turves, are now 
written hoofs and turfs. The plurals of other 
nouns ending in f,fe, orff, are formed r^^ularljr 
by the addition of s only. 

§ 21. In the following nouns, the plural b 
distinguished from the singular only by a cha]^;e 
of the vowel or voWel sound of the word : namely, 
man, men ; woman, women : goose, geese ; foot, 
feet; tooth, teeth: brother, brethren ; louse, lice; 
mouse, mice. Words which end in the syllable 
man, and are not compounds, form their plurals 
regularly, by adding s only : as, cayman, cay- 
mans; desman, desmans: firman, firmans; tal- 
isman, talismans; Oerman, Germans: MtisstU' 
man, Mussulmans. 

§ 22. A few plurals end in en : namely, broth- 
er, brethren ; chUd, children ; ox, oxen. To these 
may be added the obsolete forms eyne, kine, 
shoon, hosen, housen (from eye, cow, shoe, hose, 
house), tlie first three of which, though they have 
received a slightly different form, end, as pro- 
nounced, with the sound of n. 

§ 23. The words brother, die, pea, and penny, 
have each two plurals of different forms and with 
different significations: as, brothers, male chil- 
dren of the same parent, also, members of the 
same society, association, class, or profession; 
brethren, members of the same religious or eccle- 
siastical body, the word in this form being rarely 


used except in religious writings, or in scriptural 
language, where it also has the same meaning 
that bntthers has in ordinary language ; dieSf im- 
plements for making impressions by stamping, or 
for making screws, also the cubical parts of ped- 
estals ; dice^ the cubical blocks used in games of 
chance ; peas^ seeds of the pea plant, when a defi- 
nite number is mentioned ; pease^ the same in 
bulk, or spoken of collectively ; pennie*i the coins, 
eapecially when a definite number is mentioned ; 
pence, the amount reckoned by these coins. 

§ 24. A few words, mostly names of animals, 
have the same form in the plural as in che singu- 
lar : as, deer, sheep, trout, and tlie like. 

§ 25. Many words adopted from foreign lan- 
guages retaui their original plurals : as, datum, 
data : criterion, criieria ; genus, genera ; larva, 
larvae ; crisis, crises ; matrix, matrices { Jocus, 
Joci ; monsieur, messieurs. 

Many words of this class, while retaining the 
original plurals, have also a second, formed after 
the analogy of Bnglish words of similar termina- 
tion : as, fomitUa, formulsa, or formulas ; beau, 
beaux, or beaus ; index^ indices, or indexes ; stra- 
tum, strata, or straiums ; bandit, banditti, or ban- 
dits; cherub, cheruMm, or c/terubs- seraph, ser- 
aphim, or seraphs. The plurals of the last two 
words are sometimes incorrectly written cher- 
ubimsand seraphim^, witUdovible plural termina- 
tions, from ignorance or f orgetfulness of the fact 
that, in Hebrew words, im is a plural ending. 

§ 26. In certain loose compounds consisting 
of a nomi followed by an adjective or other qual- 
ifying expression, the plural is commonly formed 
by making the same change in the noun as when 
it stands alone : as, court-martial, eourts-mar- 
tial; cousin -german, cousins • guman ; son-in- 
law, sons-in-law. When, howeTsr, the adjective 
is so closely joined to the noun that the compound 
has the force of a simple word, the plural of the 
compound is commonly formed like that of any 
other word of the same termination : as, eupfvi, 
eupfids : handfiU, handfuls. 

% 27. There are maify words, besides those 
mentioned in the preceding paragraphs, in respect 
to which usag^, even that of the best authors, is 
variable. The most important of these words are 
mentioned in this and the succeeding sections. 

The derivatives of the word villain, as villain- 
ous, villainy, etc., though often written villanous, 
viUany, etc., properly retain the t, like those of 
other words similarly ending in ain * as, moun- 
tainous, from mountain; captaincy, from cap- 

The words connection, defection, inflection, and 
' reflection follow the spelhng of the words con- 
nect, deflect, inflect, and reflect, though often 
written, especially in England, connexion, deflex- 
ion, inflexion, and reflexion. 

The word woe, though often written without 
the final e, should retain it, like most other nouns 
of one syllable and of similar form : as, doe, foe, 
hoe, foe, and the like. Monosyllables other than 
nouns, and words of more than one syllable, hav- 
ing a similar termination, omit the e; as, do, go, 
nOf so, canto, mottOt potato. 

The words d^ente, expense, offense, and pre^ 
tense are properly written thus, thougli often 
spelled with e instead of s, for tlie s belongs to 
the words from which they are derived, and ia 
also used in all their derivatives. 

The words drought and height were formerly 
written drouth and hight, and are still very often 
thus written in America. 

The verb practice is thus written like the noun, 
in preference to the form practise, though the 
latter spelling is used by many writers, especially 
in England. The difference in spelling l^tween 
the noun and the verb is properly observed, in 
words of this kind, only in sucli as are accented 
on the last syllable, as device, devise. 

Derivatives of the Greek ttpa (»eat, base, side ; 
pronounced hed'ra), as polyhedron, tetrahedron, 
octahedral, and the like, are properly thus writ- 
ten with h before the e of the tei-miuatioii, but 
are sometimes written polyedron, tetraedroit, oc- 
taedral, etc., without the A. 

§ 28. There is a class of words beginning with 
en or in, as enclose or inclose, enquire or iti quire, 
ensure or insure, and the like, many of which 
take either form of the prefix indifferently. Tliey 
are chiefly derived from the Latin, either di- 
rectly or through the French, the prefix in be> 
longing to the former languase, and en to the 
latter. In some of these words, en is to be pre- 
ferred; in others, in; in many of them, either 
may be used indifferently. 

§ 29. There is a class of words ending in er, 
some of which are written by many authors with 
the termination re; as, center, meter, theater, 
etc., which are often written centre, metre, the- 
atre, etc. Acre, chancre, lucre, nacre, massacre, 
and ogre, retain the termination re, in order to 
preserve the hard sound of the c and g. 

§ 30. There are two classes of chemical words 
ending respectively, as more commonly written, 
hi ide and ine, in regard to which usage has been 
variable. Most of them were formerly written 
without the final e ; but it is now the almost uni- 
versal practice to retain it ; as, bromide, iodide, 
chlorine, fluorine, etc. The word tannin is al- 
ways written without the final e. Oxide is now 
generally written with the termination ide, 
though formerly by many written oxyd, from the 
supposition that the y of the last syllable repre- 
sented the V of the Greek h^v%, from which the 
word is derived ; whereas the last syllable is sim- 
ply the same as the termination of the words 
bromide, sidphide, and the like. 

§ 31. There is a class of words ending, as pro- 
nounced, with the sound of long i, followed by z, 
some of which are differently written, by difl'er- 
ent authors, with either ise or ize to represent this 
sound : as, cinticize or criticise ; patronize or pa- 
tronise. These words are mostly verbs, and are 
chiefly derived from Greek words ending in i^u, 
or from French words ending in iser or ise. 
Those formed from Greek words have the termi- 
nation ize : as, anathematize, characterize, drama- 
tize, tantalize. The words catechise and exorcise 
are exceptions. Those formed in an analogous 
manner from English words are likewise written 


with ize: tMf aJbumenize^ memorize^ tensUize. 
Those derived from the French verb prendre (par- 
ticiple pris or prise) end in ise : as, apprise, com- 
priMf emprise, enterprise, surprise. Of those 
formed from French words other than prendre, 
or which have corresponding forms in the French, 
a majority end itk ize, though in respect to some 
of them usage is variable : as, civilize, satirize. 
The following are the principal English verbs end- 
ing in ise : namely, advertise, advise, affranchise, 
apprise, catechise, chastise, circumcise, comprise, 
compromise, criticise, demise, despise, devise, 
disenfranchise, disfranchise, disguise, divertise, 
emprise, enfranchise, enterprise, exercise, exor- 
cise, franchise, manumise, misprise, premise, 
reprise, revise, supervise, surmise, surprise. It 
may be remarked that most of those in respect 
to which usage varies are more frequently writ- 
ten in England with the termination ise, and in 
the United States with the termination ize. 

$ 32. The words mold and molt, and th^ir 
oompounda and derivatives, are written in this 

DiGtionary witli o instead of ou, in analogy with 
the words bold, bolt, coif, gold, etc., from which 
the tt has been dropped. Many authors, however, 
write these worda mould and moult, and their de- 
rivatives in like manner. 

§ 33. Thera is a numerous class of words al- 
most imiversally written, in the United States, 
with the termination or, many of which are writ- 
ten, in England, with the termination our: as, 
candor, honor, labor, vigor, TCngliah usage, 
however, is not uniform with respect to these 
words, many being written with or in English 

§ 34. There is a small class of words ending 
with the syllabie ped (from Lat. pes, pedis, foot), 
the termination of some of which waa formerly, 
and is still frequently, written pede : as, bipea, 
centiped, milliped, quadruped, soliped, etc. The 
words biped and quadruped are umversally writ- 
ten without the final e, and the others, according 
to the best usage, should be written in the same 


a. stands for 
adv. . . . 

C. . 





E. . . 
e.g. . 

esp. . . 

F. . , 


Fahr. . 

fr. . . 

O. . . 

gen* ■ < 


contracted, con- 

exempli gratia 
(for example), 





imp. . . . 


inf. .... 
interj. . . . 

m,, masc, . . 


obs. , 

p. a. 



id est (that is). 










participial ad- 

pi. . 



Sp. . 



v. i. 



participle past, 
participle pres> 




United States. 


verb intransi- 
verb transitive. 

%^ Xn the vuMibulary., words from foreign languages, both ancient and modem, which have not 
become anglicized, are printed with two bars before them ; as, HA'Qlia, llBag^a-telle', llFoite. 


Words which are to be written or printed with a hyphen between their components have this 
hvphen indicated by a mark longer and heavier than the short light hyphen used to indicate the 
division between unaooented syllables ; as, Aid'-dd-oamp^, Blrd'l'-eyo', Ollll^eil-lMlllt^ttd. 




A (i)> The indefinite article, contracted from an^ 
used before nouns singular beginning with a 
consonant sound ; any ; every ; one. 

ArhBXikf (4-bSk'), eidv. Backward ; by surprise ; 


Ab'a-ons (Sb'i-kfis), n. 
A counting frame; 
the uppermost mem- 
ber of a pillar. 

ArhaXtf (&-b&ff ), adv. 
& prep. Toward the stem , 


— — «« 



_ ^ . astern. 

A-lMUl'don (&-bSn'diin), v. t. To give up wholly ; 
to forsake. — A-lMUL'doneil (-dOnd), a. Given 
up to vice ; corrupt. — A-lMUl'dOlL-niOllt, n. 

A-Imum' (&-Uu/), v. t. To bring low ; to degrade ; 
to humble. — A-liase'iiient, n. 

A-lMUdl' (4-bSsh'), V. U To make ashamed ; to 
shame ; to confuse. — A-lMSli'meilt, n. 

A-liate' (4-bSt'), V. t. To diminish ; to lessen. — 
V. i. To decrease ; to become less. — A-bate'- 
montt n. An abating ; decrease ; deduction. 

OA'liat'tolr' (A'b&t^twi&rOt n. A slaughterhouse. 

DAbnM' (&ba>t9, n. [F.] An ecclesiastic de- 
voted to teachmg, literature, etc. 

AVbess (Xb'bSs), n. A governess of a nunnery. 

AbnMy (Sb'bj^), n. / pi. Abbbts (-bTz). A mon- 
astery or convent. 

Abnbot (Sb'b&t), n. The head of a aodety of 
monks ; superior of an abbey. 

Ab-lnreM-ate (Sb-brS'vT^kt), t;. t. To shorten ; to 
abridge; to condense. — Ab-bre'Vi-a'tion (-3'- 
sh&n), n. A shortening ; contraction. 

Ab'di-Oate (SVdT-kat), v. /. To relinquish ; to 
give up. — V. ». To give up an office. — Ah'di- 
oa'tlon (-ka'shfin), n. Abandonment of office. 

Ab-dl/men (Sb-d5'm6n), n. Belly. — Ab-dom'i- 
aal (-dSm^T-nal), a. Pertaining to the abdomen. 

Ab-dnoe' (Sb-dus'), V. i. [ Abducbd (-dust') ; Ab- 
dvcibck] To draw away. — Ab-dnot' (-dtJkt'), 
V. I. To take away bv force. —Ab-dno'tlon 
(-dQk'shfin), n. An abducing or abducting. 


A-beam' (&-bSmO, adv. On the beam ; in a line 
at right angles to the B|iip'B length. 

A-bed' (&-b8a'), adv. tn bed, or on the bed. 

A-bef (&-b8V), V. t. [Abbxtbo ; ABBTiiNe.] To 
encourage ; to instigate ; to incite. 

A-bey'anoe (ft-bi^ans), n. State of suspense. 

Ab-bor' (Sb-hdr'), V. t. [Abhorred (-hbrd') ; Ab- 
HOBRUio.] To regard with horror; to loathe; 
to detest.— AbKborTenoe (-hSr'reus), n. De- 
testation; great hatred. —Ab-bor'rMlt (-hSr'- 
rent), a. Abhorring; repugnant; inconsistent. 

A-bide' (i-bid')* V. i. [Abodb (-b5dO ; Abidino.] 
To continue in a place; to dwell. —v. t. To 
await ; to endure ; to bear. 

A-bU'i-ty (&-bI11-ty), n. Power ; skill. 

Ab'Jeot (Sb'jSkt), a. Mean ; base ; despicable. — 
n. One in a miserable state. — Ab-)OOtion 
(-jSk'shtin), n. Baseness ; low state. 

AVJn-ra'tion ^8b'j6-ra'shCin), n. An abjuring. 

Ab-Jnre' (Sb-jur'), v. t. To renounce on oath ; to 
disclaim solemnly ; to recant. — Ab-Jnr'er, n. 

A-blaZ6' (&-blaz'), adv. On fire ; highly excited. 

A'ble (a'b'l), a. Having power ; strong ; capable. 

Ab-lntion (Sb-lu'shtin), n. A washing ; cleansing. 

Ab-nor'Bial (Sb-ndr'mal), a. Contrary to rule, 
law, or system ; irregular. — Ab-noi'llLal-ly, 
adv. — Ab-nor'mi-ty (-mt-ty),n. 

A-board' (&-b5rd'), otfv. In a vessel; onboard. 
'^prep. On b(Mird of. 

A-bode' (4-bodO, imp. & p. p. of Abidb, v. i. & t. 
— n. State or place of residence; dwelling. 

A-boll8b (&-b51T8h), V. t. To do away with ut- 
terly ; to annul ; to destroy. 

Ab'0-ii'tion (SVd-lTsh'tin), n. Doing away with 
finally and forever; — applied particularly to 
slavery. — AVo-li'tiOll-ist, n. One who favors 
abolition, esp. of slaveiy. 

A-bom'i-na-ble (4-b5m'T-n&-bM), a. Worthy of 
abhorrence ; odious ; hateful ; shocking. — 
A-bom'i-na-bly (-blj^), adv. 

a, S, 1, 3, 0, long ;&,£,!, 5, tt, f^ short ; senftte, iStvent, idea, 6bey, tlnite, cftre, iirm, &sk, |^1, ftnal, 
f Sm, noent, 6rb, rude, f^^ Urn, fdbd, ftfbt, out, oil, cbair, go, siiiB, ink, then, tliin. 



A'lwml-lltte (A-bOm^-nSt), «. t. To hate in- 
tensely ; to abhor. — A-llOlll^i-liatlOll, n. Aver^ 
aion : an object of hatred and diagust. 

AVo-rlg'i-nal (Sb'i-rl/T-nal), a. Ffaret ; originaL 
~n. A first inhabitant. — AVo-rig'i-nes (-1- 
nez), n. pi. Original inhabitants of a coufltry. 

A-hoX^tiye (ft-bdr'tTv), a. Unsuccessful ; prema> 
ture.— A-boi/tiye-ly, adv.— A-bor^ve-ness, n. 

A-honnd' (4-bound'), v.i. To be or to possess in 

A-hont' (4-bouf), proa. On every side of ; near ; 
touching. — adv. On all sides ; around. 

A-boVe' (&-baT'), prep. Higher than; more 

- than. — (ufv. Overhead ; in a higher place. 

A-broaat' (^.-brSsf), adv. Side by side ; on a line. 

A-bridge' (i-brTj'), v. t. To make shorter; to 
cut off ; to lessen. — A-brldg'ment, n. A 
shortening ; contraction ; abstract ; synopsis. 

A-broad' (i-brad'), adv. At large ; out of doors ; 
out of a country ; extensively ; astray. 

Ab-rnpV (Sb-rfipf), a. Broken ; steep ; sudden. 
— Ab-mptly, adv.— Ab-rnpfneas, n. 

AVsoess (Ib'sSs), n. A tumor filled with pus or 
purulent matter. 

Ab-800nd' (Sb-sk5nd'), v. {. To secrete one's 
self ; to steal away. — Ab-800nd'eri n. 

AVsence (Sl/sens), n. State of being absent; 
destitution ; heedlessness. 

AVsent (Sb^aSnt), a. Not present in; inatten- 
tive; heedless. — AVsent-ly, a<f v. — Ab-8«nt' 
(Sb-sSnf ), V. t. To keep away. — AVsen-tee' 
(-86n-te')f Ab-sent'or (Sb-s6nfer), n. One who 
absents himself ; a nonresident. 

AVso-lnte (Sb'si-lut), a. Unlimited; certain; 
peremptory ; despotic. — AVSM-lnte-ly, adv. 

AVso-ln'tlon (Sb'sS-lu'shfin), n. An absolving. 

Ab-MlVe' (Sb-s51v'), V. t. To set free ; to acquit. 

Ab-80]^ (Sb-sdrbOt v. t. To drink in ; to suck 
up ; to swallow up ; to eng^ross wholly. 

Ab-sorption (Sb-sdri/shfin), n. An absorbing. 

Ab-StaUL' (Sb-stan'), v. i. To forbear ; to refrain. 

Ab-ate'ml-Olia (Sb-ste'mT-Cis), a. Sparing in diet ; 
temperate ; abstinent. — Ab-8ta'llll-01UI-ly« adv. 

Ab'atl-neiioe (Sb'stT-nens), n. An abstaining, 
esp. from indulgence of iq;>petite. — AVltl- 
nBntt a. Temperate. 

Ab-Stract' (Sb-strSkf), V. t. To draw from or 
separate ; to consider by itself ; to epitomize or 
reduce; to purloin. — Ab'atract (Sb'strSkt), a. 
Distinct from something else ; difficult ; ab* 
struse. — n. Inventory ; summary ; epitome. — 
Ab'8tract-ly (Sb'strSkt-Ij^), adv. By itself ; fai 
a separate state. — Ab-a6:ao'tl01L (nstrSk'shfin), 
n, A separating ; an idea of an abstract nature ; 
a taking another*s property. — Ab-8traot'ed 
(•strSkfed), a. Engrossed in thought. — Ab- 
8traot'ed-ly, adv. 

Ab-atmae' (Sb-strusO* a. Hard to understand. 

Ab-aard' (Sb-sQrd'), a. Opposed to manifest 
truth ; irrational ; ridiculous. — Ab-anrd'i-ty 
(-T-ty)» n. Quality of being absurd ; folly. 

jg;.llim'da]10e (&-ban'dans), n. Great plenty; 
wealth ; affluence. — A-bvn'dant, a. Fully suf- 
ficient ; copious ; ample. — A-bvn'dant-ly) adv. 

A-bme^ (&-biuOf v. t. [Abdbsd (-bibdO ; Abob- 
xne.] To misuse ; to deceive ; to impose on. — 
A-bvao' (-bos^), n. Ill use ; corrupt practice or 
custom ; insult. — A-bn'aiye (-bu'sTv), a. Con- 
taininff abuse ; insolent. — A-bn'alVe-ly, adv. 

A-bnt' (&-blif ), V. i. To terminate or border 
upon ; to meet. — A-bat'ment (-ment), n. That 
on which a thing abuts ; solid part of a wall, 
etc., which receives the pressure of an arch, etc. 

A-byaa' i&-Viar\ n. Bottomless depth; gulf; 
hell, or the bottomless pit. 

A-oad'e-my {&-lsM^'mf), n. School or seminary, 
ranking between common school and college ; « 
society for learned pursuits. — Ac'a-dem'lC 
(Sk/&Kl6mak), Ao'a-dem'iC-al, a. Belonging 
to an institution of learning. 

Ao-oade' (Sk-sSdO, v. i. To agree ; to become a 
party to (an agreement, etc.) ; to be added to. 

Ao-oel'er-atO (Xk-sSl'Sr-St), v. t. To quicken the 
action of ; to expedite. — Ao-corar-a'tion, n. 
Increase of motion or action. 

Ac'cent (Sk'sSnt), n. Modulation of voice ; stress 
laid upon some syllable ; mark used to regulate 
pronunciation, express magnitude, etc. — Ao- 
oanV (Sk-sSnf), Ac-oon'tu-ate (-at), v. t. To 
mark with accent. — Ac-COn'tn-a'tlon (-a'shiin), 
n. An accenting ,- stress. 

Ao-oept' (Sk-sSptO, V. t. To receive ; to admit ; to 
subscribe to and become liable for. — Ao-capf • 
a-bl8, a. Worthy of being accepted ; pleasing 
to a receiver ; welcome ; gratifying. — Ao-06pt'- 
anoe, n. An accepting ; favorable reception ; 
assent to pay a bill of exchange when due ; bill 
itself when accepted. — Ao'OOp-ta'ttoil (-sSp-ti^- 
shttn), n. Acceptance ; meaning ; sense. 

Ao-oeas' (Xk-sSs' or Sk's6s), n. Approach; ad- 
mission ; increase. 

Ao-oaa'sa-ry (Sk-sSs'st-rj^), a. Additional; ac- 
cessory. — n. One who accedes to an offense 
without perpetrating it. 

Ao-Ooaa'i-Ua (8k-s6s^-bn), a. Easy of access; 

Ac-088'alon ( Sk-sSshlin ), n. An acceding to ; 
increase; addition. 

Ao-C88'ao-ry (Sk-sSs'si-rj^), a. Aiding ; contrib- 
uting ; accompanying. — n. One guilty of a fe- 
lonious offense, though not present at its perpe- 
tration ; an accompaniment. 

Ac'cl-dent (Sk'sT-dent), n. Event proceeding from 
an unknown cause, or one not expected ; chance ; 
mishap. — ACci-dental (-dfin^tal), a. Happen- 
ing by chance ; casual ; fortuitous ; incidental. 
— n. A casualty. 

Ao-claim' (Sk-klSmO, v. t. [AccLAnoD (-klimdO ; 
AcciiAiMiMo.1 To honor with applause ; to sa- 
lute. — Ao-olalm', Ao ' ola - ma ' tion (-kl4-mi^- 
shiin), n. A shout, expressive of assent, choioe, 
or approbation. 

Ao-Oli'mate (8k-kIT'mSt), v. t. To habituate to a 
climate not native. — AColi-ma'tion (4dT-mS'- 
shfin), n. Process or state of being acclimated. 

Ac-oll'ma-tiza (Sk-kli'm4-tiz), V. t. To acclimate. 

Ao-OllT'i-ty (Sk-klTvT-ty), n. Ascending slope ; 
rising ground ; ascent. 

ft,«,I,5,a,loqg; ft, «, I, tt,a,j^. abort ;ianAte.«vent, Idea, 6bey, finite, cAre, linn, Ask, §11, fliud. 



Ao-COmfDO-dato (Sk-k5m'in6-d3t), v. /. To ren- 
der fit; to adapt; to furnish with something 
desired or convenient ; to reconcile. — Ao-OOm'- 
mo-dft'tilLg (-da'tTng), a. Affording accommo- 
dation ; kind ; obliging. — Ao-OOm^mo-da'tloil 
( Sk-kSm'md-da'sh&u ), n. Supply of conven- 
iences ; fitness ; reconciliation ; a loan of money. 

AO-COm'pa-ny (Sk-ktim'p&-u^), v. t. To go with ; , 
to attend.— Ao-com'pa-ni-ineilt (-uT-ment), n. 
That which accompanies or is added for orna- 

Ao-com'plioe (Xk-kSm'pllfs), n. An associate in 

AC-OOm'plish (Sk-k5m'plTsh), v. t. To finish en- 
tirely ; to bring to pass ; to fulfill. — Ao-GOm'- 
pllsbed (-plTsht), a. Complete and perfected. 
— Ac-COm'pUsll-inailt, n. An accomplishing; 
acquirement ; attainment. 

Ac-COmpt'ant (Sk-kounfant), n. An accountant. 

Ac-ooril' ( Sk-kdrdM, n. Agreement ; consent ; 
concord. ^ v. t. To harmonize; to concede. — 
V. i. To be in accordance ; to agree. — Ao-COrd'- 
ance (-kdrd'ans), n. Agreement; conformity. 

— Ao-COrd'antf a. Corresponding ; agreeable. 

— Ao-OOrd'ina, a. In harmony with ; suitable. 
Ao-oor'di-on (Sk-kdr'dl-iin), n, A musical wind 

instrument, played 
by keys and bellows. 

Ao-COSt' (Sk-k53tOf 
V. t. To address ; 
to speak first to. 

Ao-oount' (Sk-kounf), 
n. Areckoning; 
computation ; stato- 
ment ; explanation ; profit ; yalue. — v. t. To 
reckon ; to compute ; to estimate ; to regard. 
—V. i. To render an account or a reason ; to 
constitute a reason (for an occurrence, etc.). — 
Aa-oonnt'a-ble, a. Liable to be called to ac- 
count ; responsible. 

Ao-COa^r (Sk-koo'tSr), Ao-COa'tre, v. t. To fur- 
nish with dress, equipage, or equipments; to 
equip.— AG-coater-ments, Ac-ooatre-mentBt 
n. pi. Dress ; equipage ; trappings. 

ACHSrae' (Sk-krn')> «• «• To arise ; to be added ; 
to follow ; to increase. 

Ao-CU'ma-late (Kk-ku'm6-lat), v. t. To heap up 
in a mass ; to pile up ; to collect. — f . i. To in- 
crease greatly. — Ao-ca'ma-la'tor, n. — Ac-oa^- 
mn-la'tloil, n. An accumulating ; mass ; heap. 

Ac'oa-rate (Sk'ku-rftt), a. In conformity to truth ; 
free from error ; correct ; precise. — Ac'ca- 
rate-Iy, adv. — Ao'ca-ra-cy, Ac'ca-rate-ne88,n. 

Ao-oarsa' (Sk-kdrs'), v. t. To devote to destruc- 
tion ; to curse. — Ao-car'SOd (p. p. Sk-kfirsf ; 
a. -kfirs'Sd), p. p. & a. Doomed to misery ; 
detestable ; execrable. 

Ao-oaso' (Sk-kuz'), V. i. To charge with crime ; 
to censure. -Ao^oa-sa'tion (Xk'kfi-za'shfin), n. 
An accusing ; charge of crime. — Ao-ca'sa-tlve 
(-ku'zA-tTv), a. Producing or containing accu- 
sations. — n. A case (of the direct object) of 
nouns in grammar. — Ao-oa'sa-tO-xy (-ku'z4-tt- 
rf)y a. Containing accusation. — Ao-oas'er, n. 


Ao-oattom (Xk-kOa'tam), r. t. To make familiar 
by use. — Ao-cas'tom-a-ry {-t-rf), a. Usual. 

A06 (as), /). A single point on a card or die ; a 
very small quantity ; an atom. 

A-oefy-lene (ft-sSfT-len), n. A brilliant lighting 
gas, composed of carbon and hydrogen. 

Ache (ak), V. i. [AcHBD(akt); Achimo.] To be 
in pain. — n. Continued pain. 

A-Chieve' (A^hev'), v. t. To do ; to accomplish. 
— A-Chieve'ment, n. Performance ; feat ; deed. 

Ac'id (Ss'Td), a. Sour, like vinegar, — n. A sour 
substance, or one forming salts. — A-Cid'i-ty 
(A-sYd'T-ty), Ao'id-ness, n. 

Ac-knowl'edge (Sk-nSl'Sj), v. t. To own ; to 
confess ; to avow ; to concede. — Ac-knowl'- 
edg-ment, n. The owning of a thing ; thanks. 

Ac'me (Sk'm^, n. Highest point ; crisis. 

Ac'O-nlte (Sk'S-nit), n. Wolfsbane, a poison. 

A'oom (aHcfirn), n. The seed or fruit of an oak. 

A-COaa'tIo (&-kou8'tTk or &-koo8'-), a. Pertaining 
to the ears, sense of hearing, or doctrine of 
aoimds. — A-COas'ttCS, n. Science of sound. 

Ao-Qaalnt' (Sk-kwSnt'), V. t. To make familiar; 
to inform. — Ac-gnalnt'anoe, n. Familiar 
knowledge ; person or persons well known. 

Ao'aai-esoe' (Sk^kwT-Ss'), v. %. [Acquiescbd 
(-est'); Acquiescing (-gs'sTfng).] To rest sat- 
isfied, or not opposing ; to assent ; to comply. 

Ao-Qaire' (Sk-kwhf'), v. t. To gain ; to secure. — 
Ao-aalre'meat, Ao'aai-sl'tlon (-kwI-zlsU'&n), 

n. An acquiring ; thing acquired ; gain. 

Ao-Qaisl-tlve (Sk - kwtz ' T - tlv), a. Disposed to 
make acquisitions. — Ao-oais'l-tlve-ly, adv. 

Ao-liait' (Sk-kwTf), V. t. [AcQuiTTXo; AcQunv 
TiNO.] To set free; to release; to discharge; 
to clear ; to absolve ; to conduct (one's self). — ' 
Ao-liaittal (-tal), n. Formal release from a 
charge. — Ao-liait'tanoe (-tans), n. An acquit- 
ting or discharging from debt ; a receipt. 

A'ore (a'kSr), n. A tract of 160 square rods. 

Al/Yid (Sk'rTd), n. Of biting taste ; sharp ; pun- 
gent. — Ao'rid-ness, n. 

Ac'ri-mo-ny (Sk'rT-mi-nj^>, n. Sharpness or se- 
verity (of language or temper) ; asperity. —Ao'- 
ri-mo'nl-oaB (-mS'nT-tLs), a. Sarcastic ; bitter. 

Ao'ro-bat (Sk'rd-bSt), n. One who practices high 
vaulting, rope dancing, etc. — Ao^TO-bat'lO, a. 

A-or088' (&-kr58'), prep. From side to side of; 
athwart; over. ^ adv. Crosswise. 

A-<nr08'ti0 (4-kr5s'tTk), n. Poem in which certain 
letters in each line form a name or a sentence. 

Act (Skt), V. t. To perform ; to do ; to feign ; to 
play. — v. i. To exert power ; to be in motion ; 
to do. — n. A deed ; action ; exploit ; division 
of a play. — Ao'tor (Sk'tSr), n. — Actnss 
(-tr8s),n. A female actor or stage player. — 
Ao^oa (Xk'shiSn), n. Thing done ; deed ; con- 
duct ; gesture ; battle ; lawsuit. 

Active (Sk'tTv), a. Having or communicating ac- 
tion or motion ; busy ; transitive. — Ac'tive-lyf 
adv. — Ao'tlve-ness, Ac-ttv'i-ty (-tY vT-ty), n. 

Aota-al (Sk'tit-al), a. Existing in act ; real ; cer- 
tain ; present. — Aota-al-Iy, adv. — Aotll-al- 

ness, Ac'ta-al'i-ty (-SiT-ty), n. 

Uni, xec«iKt, drb, r^de, f^|Jl, ftm, food, lo'ot, out, oil, oliair, go, ems, i^k, then^ tliiiL 



Ao^-tte (Xk^A-it), vl t. To put into ftctton ; to 
impel ; to animate. 

A-onte' (A-kutOt o. Sharp ; shrewd ; keen ; high 
or shrill. — A-oute'ly, adv. — A-GUte'ness, n. 

Ad'age (Sdtj), n. Saying ; maxim ; prdverb. 

A-dast' (A-dSpt'), V. L To make fit or suitable. — 
A^pt'a-Ue) a. Capable of being adapted. — 
Ad'ap-ta'tLon (Sd'Sp-tfi'shQn), n. An adapting ; 

Add (Xd), V. t. To join or unite. 

ilAd-dea'dnili ( Sd • d6n ' dfim ), n. ; pi, Addutda 
(•dk), [L.] A thing to be added. 

Ad'dar (Xd'der)i n. A yenomous serpent ; a viper. 

Addl-Ua (Sda-b*l), a. Capable of being added. 

Ad-diot' (Xd-dlkt'), V. L To apply habitually ; 
to habituate. — Ad-diof ad-noAS, Ad- dio ' tion 
(-dTk'shQnVf n* Devotedness. 

Ad-ditiOll (Xd-dTsh'ttn), n. An adding things to- 
gether ; thing added ; increase ; branch of arith- 
metic which treats of adding numbers. — Ad- 
dimoiL-al, a. Added. — Ad-ditlon-al-ty, adv. 

Ad'dla (SdMU), a. Putrid ; corrupt ; un^tf ul 
or barren, -^v, L A i. To make or become 
addle, corrupt, or morbid. 

Ad-dzeaa^ (Xd-dres^), v. t. [Aodrxsssd (-di&tO ; 
AoDRissixo.] To make ready ; to speak or ap- 
ply to ; to cUrect (a letter or a petition) ; to 
woo. — n. An application ; a petition ; a direo- 
tion (of a letter, ete.) ; sUll ; tact ; ooortship, 
— usuallv in p^ 

Ad-dvoe' (Xd-ouaQ, v. t, [Aoducsd (-dust'); 
ADDUCiXft (Xd-du'sTng).] To bring forward or 
offer; to allege. 

A-d^pf (i-dSpt'), n. One skilled in any art. — a. 

Ad ' 6 - onate (Sd ' ft - kwtt), a. FuUy suflBdent ; 
enough ; requisite. — Ad'a-QVata-ly, adv, 

Ad-here' (Sd-hSr'), V. i. [Adhksbo (-hSrd') ; Ad- 
HKBuro.] To stick fast; to cleave; to cling; 
to be attached or devoted. — Ad-lier'eiioe (-ens), 
Ad-her'an-ey (-en-sy), n. Quality or state of 
adhering ; steady attachment. — Ad-her'eilt, a. 
United with or to ; sticking. — n. One who ad- 
heres ; a follower ; an advocate. — Ad-he'SlOflL 
f-he'zhfin), n. A sticking, or being attached. — 
Ad-he^aive (-hS'sTv), a. Sticky ; tenacious. 

A-dieu' (&-du'), adv. 6ood-by ; farewelL •i-* n, 
A farewell. 

Ad'i-poae' (SdT-pSs'), a. Consisting of fat. 

Ad-Ja'oent (Sd-jS'aent), a. Lying near ; contigu- 
' ous. — Ad-Ja'oan-cy (-sen-sy ), n. State of bemg 

Ad'jeo-tiye (Xd'j6k-tTv), n. A word used to de- 
note some property of a noun. — Ad'jOO-tiya-ly, 
adv. In the manner of an adjective. 

Ad-]0ln' (Sd-joinO, v. t. [Adjoined (-joind'); 
ADJomiNO.] To join or unite to«— v.i. To be 
contiguous or very near. 

Ad-jonm' (Xd-jQm'), V. t. [ Adjournbd (-jQmdO ; 
Adjouhnino.] To put off to another day ; to 
postpone ; to defer ; to delay. — v. t. To sus- 
pend business for a time. — Ad-jonxn'moilt, n. 

Adlnnot' (Xd'jQnktO > n- Something joined to an- 
other thing; a'colleague.— a. Added or united. 


Ad-Jvxe' (Id-JlirOf v. t. [Adjusid (-JurdO ; Ao. 
JUHiMO.j To cnarge on oath, or solemnly. — 
Ad^U-ra^tlon (Xd^ jQ-rS'shOn), n. An adjuring ; 
a charging on oath ; form of oath. 

Ad-Jnaf (Kd-jCist'), V. t. To make exact or con- 
formable ; to reduce to order ; to set richt ; to 
setUe ; to fit ; to regulate ; to accommodate. — 
Ad-Jvarer, n.— Ad-Jnsra-hla, a. Capable of 
being adjusted. — Ad-jnBt'ment, n. An adjust- . 
ing ; an arrangement ; a settiement. 

Adln-tant (Xd'jtt-taat), n. A militory officer 
who assisto superior oflBcers ; a Uu^ stork, na' 
tive of India. — Ad^-tan- 
oy (-ton-s^), n. Office of 
an adjutant. 

Ad;^ml]L'la-tar (Xd-mTn' la- 
ter ), V. t. To manage ; to 
settie (an estate). — v. i. 
To contribute; to act as 
administrator. — Ad - min '- 
la-tra^tlon ( -trS ' shOn ), n. 
An administering ; execu- 
tive part of government. 
— Ad-min'la-trator (-tSr), 
n. One who administers 
(esp. an intestate estate). 

— Ad-mixL^ia-tra'txlz 
(-trTks), n. A woman who 

Ad'&il-ra-hle, ete. See mider Adxibb, v. t 
Ad'ml-ral (Xd'mT-ral), n. A naval officer of high- 
est rank. — Ad'ml-ral-aliip, n. Office of ao 
admiral. — Ad'mi-ral-ty (-ty), n. A body of 
officers who manage naval aaairs ; a court for 
determining naval causes. 
Ad-mlre' (Xd-mir^), v. t, [Aomzbbd (-mlrd^ ; Ao- 
MiBiHoJ To regard with wonder or affection. ~ 
V. i. To marvel; to wonder. — Ad-Blll'tr, n. 
— Ad^ml-ra'tion (Xd'ml-rS'shOn), n. Wonder ; 
esp., wonder mingled with love or veneration. 

— Adlni-ra-Ue O^'mT-ri-bU}, a. Worthy of 
admiration; delightful; excellent; surprising. 

Ad-mit' (Xd-mTtO, V. t. [ADMrrTKD ; ADMimvo.] 
To let in ; to concede ; to grant ; to allow. — 
Ad-mit'tanoa, n. The act or power of enter- 
ing. — Ad-mia'alon (Xd-mTshOln), n. An ad- 
mitting ; access. — Ad-mia'al-Ue (-mTs'sT-b*l), 
a. Proper to be admitted. 

Ad-mlz' (Xd-mTk^), v. t. To mingle (with some- 
thing else). — Ad-mlztloil (-mTks^chfin), n. A 
mingling. — Ad-mlztnre (-t6r), n. A mixing ; 
a compound formed by mixing. 

Ad-mon'lall (Xd-mBnlsh), v. t. [Admohibrsd 
(-Tsht) ; ADMONisHDra.] To reprove gently ; to 
caution ; to warn ; to suivise. — Ad-manlUI-or, 
n. — Ad'mo-nitlon ( -mi-nTsh'fin ), n. Gentie 
reproof; advice. 

A-do' (A-dooO, n. Bustle ; trouble ; fuss. 

llA-doHbe (^-dS^bt), n. Unbumt, sun-dried brick. 

A-dopt' (&-d5pt'), v. t. To take as one's own 
(when not so before). — A-doptlon ( &- d5p ' - 
shtin), n. An adopting ; state of being adopted. 

A-dore' (i-dSr'), v, t, L^dorbd (-dSrd') ; Aoos- 
XNO.] To worship with profound reverence ; to 

fti8t If 5,11, long; ft,4»I|6,a,y»ahortj aenAte,6vent, Idea, 6bey, Unite, cAre,lirm,Mk,§U, final. 




lore in ths highest degree ; to Teiierate. — 
A-dox'tr, n. --A-dor'a-blA. a. Worthy of ado- 
ration. — Ad'O-ratiOll (Sd'o-rfi'shQn), n. Wor- 
ship ; homage ; great reverence. 
A-dom' (A-ddrnOf v. t. [Adobsbd (A-ddmd' ) ; 
AooBmNO.] Tx> render beautiful ; to decorate. 

— A-domrilMntt »> Ornament; embelliah- 

A-dOWn' (A-dounO« prep, Down; toward the 
ground.— adv. Downward. 

A-drUr (A-drTftO, a. A adv. Floating at ran- 
dom; at large. 

A-dXOiV (&-droitOt a. Skillful ; dexterous ; in- 
genious. — A-droitly, adv. — A-droit'new, n. 

AAfU-WtLOB. (Sd/fi-la'shfin). n. Servile flattery. 

— Ad'U-la'tor (Sd't-lS^ter), n. A sycophant. 

— Adil-la-to-ry (-U.t«-rj^), a. Flattering. 
A-dnlt' (i-d&lf), a. Having arrived at mature 

years, or to full size and strength.— n. One 
grown to maturity. 

A-anFtor-ate (A-dtU'tSr-at), v. /. To debase or 
corrupt by mixture. — a. Tainted with adul- 
tery ; spurious ; corrupted. — A-dnlttt-y (rf)i 
n. Violation of the marriage bed. 

Ad-vanoe' (Sd-vinsQ. v. t. [ Adyancsd (-v4nst0 ; 
JLdvancirg (-v&n'siiig).] To bring forward ; to 
raise to a higher rank ; to help on ; to offer 
(arguments or inducements) ; to supply bef ore- 
haml. — V. i. To move forwsxd ; to improve. — 
n. A moving forward ; an offer ; a gift. — a. 
Before in place or time. — Ad-vanoe'meiitt n. 
An advancing ; improvement ; promotion ; pay- 
ment of money in advance. 

Ad-vantage (Sd-v&n'ttj), n. Favorable circum- 
stances ; superiority ; benefit ; profit. — v. t. 
[AOYAIITAOSD (-ttjd) ; AoVANTAOINa (-tt-jTng).] 
To benefit ; to promote. — Ad^ van- ta' geoiu 
(Xd'van-ta'jtts), a. Being of advantage ; usefuL 

Ad'Teilt'CSd'vSnt), n, A coming; esp., the com- 
ing of Glirlst ; season of four weeks before 

Ad-TtAtlUna (Sd-v8n'tfir), n. An extraordinary 
event ; bold undertaking ; risk ; chance. — v. /. 
[Adventubso (-t6rd^ ; Adybntusino.] To put 
at hasard ; to risk ; to run the risk of attempt- 
inff. •> V. i. To try the chances ; to dare. — 

Ad-voLtiir-or, n. — Ad-yontiiro-some (-sQm), 
Ad-yaitlll-OlUI (-&s), a. inclined to adven- 
ture ; daxing ; enterprising ; attended with 

AA^Btb (Xd'vSrb), n. A word used to modify a 
verb, adjective, or other adverb. — Ad-vear'- 
U-al (-vIr'bT-al), a. Relating to or like an ad- 
verb. — Ad-TonDl-al-ly, adv. 

Ad'Tano (Xd'vSrs), a. Acthig in a contrary di- 
rection ; conflicting ; contrary to the wishes ; 
unfortunate ; calamitous. — Ad'rer-sa-ry (Sd'- 
vSr-si-rf), n. One hostile or imposed ; an en- 
emy ; a foe. — a. Adverse ; antagonistic. — 
Ad-Ttr'ai-ty (-vSr'sT-ty), n. Adverse circum- 
stanoes; calamity; affliction; distress. 

Ad'Tar-tiae' («d/v8r-tis' or M'v8r-tiz/), v. t & i. 
[ AoYBBTissD ( -tizd' OT -tizd' ) ; Advertising 
(-tix'Tng or •tis'Tng).] To give notice or intel- 

Ugenoe to ; to make known through the pi 
— Ad-yar^ttM-nieiLt (Sd-vSrtTs-ment or Id'vSr- 
tiz'ment), n. Information ; notice through the 
press. — Ad'var-tia'ar, n. 

Ad-Vioe' (Sd-vis^), n. Opinion offered as worthy 
to be followed ; counsel ; notice ; admonitioik 
— Ad-Tlaa' (M-viz'), «. t. [Adyisbo (-vizd'); 
Adyisino.] To give advice to ; to counsel ; to 
apprise ; to warn ; to inform ; to consult ; to 
consider. — v. i. To deliberate ; to weigh weU. 
— Ad-Yla'ar, n. — Ad-Yla'a-hld (-viz'i-bn), a. 
Fit to be advised or to be done ; expedient. — 
Ad-vla'ad-ly (Sd-vi'zSd-lj^), adv. With full 
knowledge ; purposely. — Ad-Vi'ao-ry (-vi'z^- 

< rj^), a. Having power to advise ; advisins. 

Ad'TO-cate (Sd'vi-ktt), n. One who pleads for 
another. — v. t. To plead in favor of ; to main- 
tain by argument ; to defend ; to vindicate. 

Adz (8dz), Adze, n. A carpenter's chipping tool, 
with arching blade at 
right angles to the 

A-oOl-an {tJyV[-an\ a. 
Pertaining to ^olu or 
JSolis, in Asia Minor, 
or to ^olus, god of 
the winds; pertaining . . 

to, or proGuced by, '^*** 

wind. — JBoHail liaip. A musical instrument 
with strings vibrated by the wind. 

A'ljr-ate (S'lr-^t), v. t. To combine with carbonic 
acid ; to supply with common air ; to arterial- 
ize. — A'Vr-a'tlon (-a'sh&n), n. An aerating. 

A-lhrl-al (t-e'rT-al), a. Fertainfaig to the air; 
high; lofty; light as air; ethereal. 

AeMe (S'rT), n. Nest of a bird of prey ; eyrie. 

A'tfr-0-drome(a'Sr-t-dr5m),n. A flying machine; 

A'tfr-O-gram (S'Sr-ft-grSm), n. A wireless message. 

A'Vr-0-Ute (S'Sr-t-lit), n. A meteoric stone. 

A'Vr-O-naut (a'2r-t-nat), n. An aSrial naviga- 
tor; balloonist. —A'er-O-nantlo (-nftVTk), a. 
Pertaining to aeronautics.— A^Sr-O-naut^oa, n. 
Science of sailing in the air ; ballooning. 

A'Vr-0-plaxie (S'Sr-t-plin), n. A flying machine, 
or a plane that flies in the idr. 

Aa-that'ic (68-th6fTk), a. Pertaining to aasthet- 
ics. — iEB-tlief loa, n. Theory or philosophy 
of taste ; science of beauty in nature and art. 

A-far' (&-fiir'), adv. At a great distance ; remote. 

Affa-hle (Sf'f&-b'l), a. Ready to converse ; easy 
of access ; courteous ; accessible. 

Af-falx' (Sf-fftrO, n. , Business ; a minor battle. 

Af-feot' (Sf-f8kt')t v.'t. To act upon ; to change ; 
to influence ; to move ; to aim at ; to put on a 
pretense of ; to assume. — Af^foO-ta'UOn (Sf^- 
f6k-ta'shiin), n. Assumption of what is not 
real ; artificial appearance ; false pretense. — 
Af-feot'ed (-ffikt'Sd), a. Moved; disposed; 
assumed artificially ; not naturaL — Af-feot'- 
ing, a. Havini^ power to move the passions or 
affections ; pathetic. — Af-feof Ing-ly* adv. 

Al-fee'tion (Sf-f8k'shfin), n. Quality or property 
inseparable from its subject; state of the mind 

lin, noaat, Urb^ qide, U§Slt Urn, fiRidt Mdt, out, <iU« eliair, 0o» tins, ink, ttMB* tliiiL 



VMpeotii^f a iMurtioular object ; love ; tmder at- 
taonment; dUeaBe. — Al-f eo'tlon-ato (Sf-f8k'- 
ahfin-tt), a. Having great love or affection; 
proceeding from affection ; kind. 

Arfl-da'Vit (Sf/n^la'vTt), n. [L., he made oath.] 
' Statement made upon oath before a magistrate ; 

Af-fU'late (Sf-fTlT-St), v. t To adopt ; to re- 
ceive into f ellowahip ; to ally. — v. i. To asso- 
ciate; to accord. — Al-fll'i-a'tton(-a'8hiin), n. 
Adoption ; association in the same family or so- 
ciety ; legal assignment of a child to its f ather» 

Af-finl-ty (Sf-nnT-tj^), n. Relationship by mar- 
riage ; close agreement ; chemical attraction. 

Al-tamf (Sf-f3rm'), V, L [AmRiatD (-fSrmdO; 
AmBMnro.] To confirm ; to establish ; to n^ 
ify ; to maintain as true ; to aver ; to assert. — 
V. i. To declare positively. — Al'fir-ma'tton 
(Sf'fSr-ma'shQn), n. An affirming; thi^ as- 
serted; ratification. — Af-flzm'a-tlve (Sf-ferm'- 
A-tTv), a. Affirming or asserting ; — opposed to 
negative. — n. That which contains an affirma- 
tion.— Af-flxm'a-tiye-ly* adv, 

Af-flx' (Sf-flks'). V. L [Affqcbo (-fTkstO; Av- 
Fixnra.] To add at the end ; to attach ; to con- 
nect ; to annex ; lo unite. — Affix (Sf 'fTks), n. 
A syllable or letter Joined to the end of a word ; 
a suffix ; a postfix. 

Af-fllcT (Sf-Mkt'), V. /. To strike down ; to give 
continued pain ; to distress ; to torment ; to 

Sieve. — ii-fllot'lllgt a. Grievous; distrass- 
g. — Af-fUo^tlonO^tk'shan), n. State of be- 
ing afflicted ; state ol pain, distress, or grief ; 

Alflu-ent (Sf'fld-«nt), a. Wealthy; plentiful; 
abundant ; copious. — n. A stream flowing into 
a river or lake. — AI'flll-ont-l7t adv. In abun- 
dance; abundantly. — Al'flu-ence (-«ns), n. 
Abundemce of anything ; wealth; plenty. 

Al-f ord' (Sf-f ordO> v. t To yield ; to give ; to be 
able to expend ; to impart ; to supply. 

Al-franr' (Sf-fritOt n. A tumultuous quarrel ; 
scuffle; encounter; brawl. — t;. t, [AFnuLTXD 
(-frid'); AFPRATUsa.] To frighten. 

Af-frlght' (Sf-frif), V. t. To impress with sudden 
fear; to alarm.— n. Sudden fear; terror. 

Af-front' (Sf-frtLnf)* »• Contemptuous action or 
conduct; indignity; insult; offense.— v./. To 
offend ; to insult ; to abuse ; to outrage 

Afghan (Sf gan), n. A native of Afghanistan ; a 
blanket or wrap. 

A-Ueld' (&-feld'), adv. To, in, or on, the field. 

A-flre' (i-fir^), a. & adv. On fire. 

A-float' (4-fi5t>), adv. In a floating state ; with- 
out control ; adrift ; in general circulation. 

A-foOt' (4-fd6t0t adv. On foot ; in action ; astir. 

A-fora' (&-f5r'), adv. & prep. Before. — A-foro'- 
sald't €ulv. Spoken of before. — A-forotilllO' 
(-tim'), adv. Formerly. 

A-fraid' (4-frad'), a. Struck with fear ; timid. 

A-freall' (i-frSsh'), adv. Anew; once more; 

Aft (Mt\ adv. & a. Astern ; abaft ; behind. 

Aft'er (aft^r), prep. Behind in place ; later in 

time ; moving toward from behind ; in fanita^ 
tion of; concerning. — a. Subsequent; more 
aft. — adv. Subsequently in time or place. 

Aft'er-crop' (Aft^r-krSp'), n. A second crop. 

Aft'er-maw (AffSr-mSthO, n. A second crop of 
grass; rowen. 

Aft'er-noon' (&ffSi^nS&nO« *^ Tbe time from 
noon to evening. 

Aft'er-ward (ift'Sr-wSrd), Aft'er-waids 

(-wSrdz), adv. In later time ; subsequently. 

A-galn' (a-g6n'.), adv. Another time ; once more .4 
in return ; back ; on the other hand ; moreover. 

A-^alnsf (&-g6nst'), nrep. Opposite to ; in oppo- 
sition to ; in provision for ; by the time that. 

Ag'ate (&e^t), n. A variety of quartz ; the sixe 
of ty pe next smaller than nonpareil. 
^^ This line is printed in agate, 

A-ga'Ye (&-g^'vi), n. The American aloe, or ceU' 
tury plant. 

Age (aj), n. Any period 
of time; a particular 
period; maturity; de- 
cline of life; genera- 
tion ; century. ■- v. i. 
[ AoBD ( ajd ) ; Aoiwa 
(a'jTng).] To grow old; 
to b^ome aged. — 
A'ged (a'jSd), a. Ad- 
vanced in age or years ; 
old ; ancient ; having 
lived (for some time 

A'gent (a'jSnt), n. Per- 
son or thing that exerts 
power, or has power to 
act; deputy. —A'gen- .^^ 

oy (a'jcn-^), n. Qual- ^^^ 

itv of acting or state of being in action ; office 
of an agent. 

Ag-glom'er-ate (Sg-glSm'Sr-St), v. t To wind, 
or collect, into a Iradl or nuuss.— a. Collected 
into a ball or heap. — Ag-glom'er-atlon (-gl&n/- 
3r-a'shfin), n. A sathering into a ball or mass. 

Ag'gran-dlze (i^gran-diz), v. t. rAooEANDizRD 
(-dlzd) ; AooRANDiziNG (-di^zTng).] To make 
great or greater ; to exalt. — Ag-gran'dizo- 
ment (^-grSnMTx-ment or Sg^gnn-diz'-), n. 
An aggrandizing. 

Ag'gra-vato (Sg'grft-^t), v. t. To make worse ; 
to enhance ; to exaggerate ; to irritate ; to tease. 
— Ag'gra-vatlon (-va'shan), n. Act of aggra- 
vating; that which i^igravates. 

Ag'gre-gate (Sg^gri-g^t), v. t. To bring together; 
to collect into a sum or mass ; to accumulate ; 
to pile.— a. Formed of collected parts. — n. 
An assemblage of particulars ; collection ; sum 
total; lump. — Ag'gre-ga'tlon (-gS'shlin), n. 
An aggregating ; an aggregate. 

Ag-gxes'Slon (Sg-gr6sh'tm), n. First attack ; in- 
trusion. — Ag-gres'slve (Sg-grSs'sTv), a. Mak- 
ing the first attack ; pugnacious. — Ag-gr08'- 
slve-ness, n.— Ag-grea'sor (-s8r), n. 

Ag-grleve' (Sg-grevO* v. t. [Aogbibv»> (-grSvd')*, 
AaoanviNo (-grSv'ing).] To pain ; to vex. 

«y 6i I, i^ O, long ; ft, fi, 1, 5, fl, t, short ; lenAte, «v«nt, tdea, dbey, finite eAra, i4nn, Aak, fill, fino^ 


tlf(tr^Utr),a.Aaitr. Aauu*li ■tapBOsd 

ACU* ((HI), o- Quick ._ _ 

britk, — A-fll'l-ty (»-]II1-W. 

Af^-Utallj'l-tic), c. <. la dii 


A-KD' (^90. u'v. & 1. Put ; gone. 
A-stf [%BgO- a- A O'^''' Eiclud ■ 
A-tO^ (i^^Dg), adv. In moti 

A-™' CJ^f)-* 

— A-iA' (1-hk'), inlerf. Sipragtmg 
^■■H#ut-"i^:ontflmpC,OT BurpriK. 
A-hsid'lt-li«d'),nJv. Fut W fomrd Mn f nnt. 
A-hnll' (t-hDl/), ado. With nils furled ud 

Aia (Id), V. f.' To utlit i to hslp ; to nlisFB ; to 
■lutafn. — n. Help; niwDri.nliet ; ahslper. 
Aia'-dt-Mtuny (id'de-ku'), ». ,- pi. Ai»-iW4AMr 
AywM(i'pii),U-sntWit.gTiv),n. The mull 
All(n>,t>.(. '[Aaui (ild)i Aiirn'o.] To'ifKt 

— clT^TDfeelpalii.— n. DttordeiiindlinMl- 

Uon ; piln. — AU'msnt, n. DIhmh ; miUd;. 

Aim (im), B. 1. & I, [AuOD (Smd); Amwo.] 

— ^Almlou, a. Without tlm l purposelou. 
Alr(Rr),ii. The fiuld we bremthi. ; the itiDOiK 


ftlmbtilBiDaaitli«. — Alllmk*. A nUi«J 
brake mienUd by amdaoHd air. — All (MIL 
A drill dilT«D bj pnann ol nondaiasd ilt. — 
AirtUk^ApinAiobugedbTtlH slutloforea 

O1L7IT I mcrrilj 
nek Died a/i 

— Ail't-lT(-1-lJ),adt. 

bed.— All Uaain. 

Al'bnm (SI' 


«t.n.-- loiiirf In the wlii- 

Al-bu^nm (II-bQr'iiDin; 

Al'nlit-my (U'kt-inf), n. 

ml#t (-MT"t). n. Onee 
Al'oo-lioKn'ke-hBl). n. 
«pLnt.— Al'do-homi- 

D, noMit, ftrb, n|de, lyll, ttm, fond, Io"ot, o 


0, alDB, iB^i tlUI^ tl 




Al'CO-ran (Xl^ft-rXn or Sl'ki-rSn'), n. See Kobah. 

Al'oove (Sl'kSv or Sl-k5v0t n. A reoeaa in a li- 
brary or other room ; a uicbe. 

Al'dsr (f^M8r), ti, A tree of several varieties. 

Al'dAr-man ({^'dSr-man), n. A magistrate rank- 
ing below the mayor. 

Ale (SI), n. Fermented malt liquor. — AlellOIUW' 
(-hous^), n. A place where ale is retailed. 

A-lee'' (&-le'), adv. On the side (of a ship, etc.) 
away from the wind. 

A-lert' (&-lSrtO, €u Watchful ; vigilant ; brisk ; 
prompt ; nimble ; lively. — A-lttflyt adv, — 
A-lerfness, n. 

OAl'ga (Sl'g&), n. / ;>;. Aloje (U'je). [L.] A di- 
vision of water plants, embracing seaweeds. — 
Al'gons (-g&B), a. Pertaining to seaweed. 

Al'gS-bra (u'ji-br4), n. Mathematical calcula- 
tion by means of letters and symbols. — Al'fS- 
bra'io («'j«-braTk), Al'ge-bralo-al (-I-kal),a. 
Pertaining to, or performed by, algebra. 

Ali-as (a'll-&i), adv. [L.] Otherwise; other- 
wise called. ^ n. An assumed name. 

Al'l-bi (Sl'T-bi), n. Another place ; an accused 
person's plea that he was absent when crime 
was committed. 

ATien (al'yen), a. Foreign ; adverse. — n. A 
foreigner. —Al'ien-a-llle, a. Capable of being 
alienated. — Al'ieu-ate (-at), v. t. To transfer 
to another ; to ertrange. — a. Estranged. — 
Al'len-atlon, n. Tranisfer ; legal conveyance ; 
insanity. — Allen-a'tor (-S'tSr), n. 

A-llght' (&-litOt V. i. To get down ; to dismount ; 
to descend and settle. 

A-like' (4-lik'), a. Similar; without difference. 
^ adv. In tlie same manner, form, or degree. 

Al'i-ment ( Si ' T - m^nt ), n. That which feeds 
or supports; food; nutriment. -r Al'i-ma&tal 
(-mgn'tal), Al'l-menta-ry (-ti-rj^), a. Pertain- 
ing to food or aliment ; nutritive. 

Al'l-mo-ny (SKT-mt-nj^), n. An allowance to a 
wife out of her husband's estate, on her divorce 
or separation from him. 

All-llliailt (SlT-kwont), a. Not dividing another 
number without a remainder. 

Al'l-quot (SlT-kwSt), a. Dividing exactly, or 
without a remainder. 

A-live' (S-liv'), a. Having life ; active ; suscep- 

A-llz'a-rln (4-lTz'4-rTn), n. A red coloring matter 
obtsdned from madder or ooal tar. 

Allca-li (Sl'ki-li or -IT), n. A caustic substance 
which neutralizes acids. — Allca-line (-ITn or 
-lin), a. Having the qualities of an a^ali. — 
Al'ka-llza (-Hz), v. t. To make alkaline. — Al'- 
ka-lold (-loid), n. A vegetable principle having 
alkaline properties. 

Allco-ran (SlHc^-rSn or Sl^kt-rSn'), n. The Mo- 
hammedan Bible ; the Koran. 

All (ftl), a. Every one ; the whole number or 
quantity of. — n. The whole ; the total ; every- 
thing. — adv. Wholly ; completely ; entirelv ; 
quite. — At all. In the least degree; to the 
least extent ; under any circumstances. — All 
lull. All health ; — a phraae or salutation. 

llAllah (S114), n. The Arabic name for God. 

Al-lay' (Sl-lS'), V. t. [Allayed (-ISdO ; Allat- 
IMO.] To make quiet ; to subdue. — Al-la7'<> 
ment, n. An allaying ; that which allays. 

Aiae-gation (Siat-gS^shfin), n. Positive asaer- 
tiou or declaration. 

Al-Ioge' (Sl-16j0« V. t. [Alltcbd (-ISjdO ; Allm- 
IMG.] To bring forwurd positively ; to declare ; 
to ausert ; to plead ; to cite ; to quote. 

Al-Ie'gl-anoe (Sl-le'jaus or -jT-ans), n. Fidelity of 
a subject or citizen to his government ; loyalty. 

Al'Ie-gO-ry (Siai-gi-ry), n. A figurative dis- 
course ; a parable. — Al^le-gorlo (-gSrTk), Al'- 
le-gor'io-al (-T-kal), a. In the manner of alle- 
gory ; describing by resemblances. 

Aiae-In'la (Sia^-lu'y&), Alle-lu'lah, n. Praise 
to Jehovah. See Hallslvjah. 

Al-leM-ate (Sl-le'vT-St), v. t. To make Ught ; to 
ease ; to lessen ; to mitigate ; to allay. — Al-le'- 
▼i-a'tiOll (-a'shttn), n. An alleviating ; mitiga- 
tion ; that which makes more tolerable. 

Alley (Sllj^), n. ; pi. Allkys (-ITz). A passage ; 
ft ii&rrow sfcr66^ 

AU'luaaow (ftl'liS11&)t AU'haiaows (-liz), All'- 
hallow-mas (-mSs), n. All Saints' Day. — 
All^halOow-tiAe' (-tidO, ». The time near All 

Al-li'an06 (Sl-li'ons), n. Union by treaty or mar- 
riage ; compact ; persons or parties allied. 

Alll-ga'tor (Slll-fi^tSr), n. The American croc- 
odile, a carnivorous 
amphibious reptile. 

Al-Ut'er-a'tton (Sl- 
ITt / 8r - S ' slilin), n. 
Repetition of the 
same letter at the 
beginning of suc- 
ceeding words.— 


(- lit ' Sr - A - tT v), a. Alligator. 

Pertaining to alliteration. 

Al-lop'a-tliy (Sl-lSp^A-thj^), ». The employment 
of medicines to produce effects different from 
those which result from disease ; — opposed to 
homeopathy. — Al^lo-patll'io (Siaft-pMbHTk), a. 
Pertaining to allopathy. 

Al-lot' (Sl-15f), V. t. [Allotted; Allottino.^ 
To divide by lot ; to distribute ; to apportion 
— Al-lot'ment, n. An allotting ; a share. 

Al-low' (Sl-louO, V. t. [Allowed (-loudO ; AXr- 
LowiNo.] To give ; to own or acknowledge ; to 
abate ; to permit ; to admit ; to consent. » v. i. 
To make abatement or deduction. — Al-lOW'a- 
Ue, a. Proper to be allowed ; permissible. — 
Al-low'a-bly, adv. — Al-low'anoe (-ans), n. 
An allowing ; sanction ; thing allowed ; stated 
quantity, as of food or drink; abatement; deduc- 
tion. ^ v. /. To put upon allowance ; to limit. 

Al-loy' (Sl-loi'), V. i. [Alloyed (-loid^ ; Alloy- 
ing.] To debase by mixing ; to impaur ; to cor- 
rupt. — n. A compound of two or more metals ; 
a baser metal mixed with a finer. 

All'spioe' ( Al'spis'), n. The berry of the pimento ; 
Jamaica pepper. 

ft, «! 1, 5, Oi long ; ft, «, 1, 4^ A, 7, aluirt ; Mntte, «v«nt. ldai^ 6bey, finite, oftra, ttnn, Aa^ ftllt i^^ 


AMnaf (EUWdO, «. <. Toniterto»matUi«ii 

Al-llI*' (B-lBT'l, B. (. [AixiiBBi.'{-lniii') ; A 

wduce. — Al-lnt'liii, a. l^ticing, — Al-uui 
mont, n. TeiupUCion. 
Al-ln'dim (IMu'£UlinJ, n. lodlnct »f erence. . 
Al-lB'dTt (-d')! a, HlnUng U; nfeiriug 

l^mlChnr (||l-tiiit7). a. All.powertul; oi 

tant. ^n^ Ood ; tUe Bapnme Being. 
IM'ODd (VmBud), n. Pniit of the ■tmoi 

AFnon-ir (muO^), n. Ons wlm " 

Al'noM (ttfuiBtt). odF. Meikriyi WBU-nlgh; 

ths ETMMt pBTt. 

AllU (kmi), n. ainf. £ ft. Aii;thlng giTcn b 

w (Bff). n 

' pj. Au>n (.Si). 

um (.Si). An i 

Jalo« of «eveTml nwciea M jJoq. 
A-lBttf <A-IIUf ), b£. On Ugli I ibove tbe deck. 
A-lOU' (A-W), a. ShlglSi toUUIy.— odl. 8ep 

umtoly; only. 
A-limc' (A-iniig')f adv. LecgthwUe | ODWftrd \ for- 

wji^ ; toceCber- ^-prrp. By the l«ngtU o' 

A-Umc'lM*', d<fr. By tha mde of (i ihlp). 
A-Io^^A-Ld^I'), adv. AC orjnmi ^s dlitai 

1' (A-O-), 
Bp), n. A high i 

^'pln or Kt^n), a. 
U^. — Al'poi-itoiil 


oTlluuij oloth 
mule of lU wool. 

^C letter olUw i 
Oreek ilphibet. — I 
Al'SU-M (-fA-* 
Mt^. n. The laC- 

FFiMnlQg to tha Alpi: 


AWm'iiIiA v.t-Sii. lA^^^^^ari) *At 
Tuma.] To ohuse ; to ;ut. — Altn-a-bla, 

Al'tox-A-Hr, adc 


ItAr-ttt l-aiit), a 

. body; u 
(«iLlln),n. AnU- 

Alttf-clrtB W^-kIt),i. i. To contend In worda; 
to nrangle. — AltK-MtLOIl (U'tSr-ki'ifaBo), 

Al-tDr'Blt»(M-«r'nAt",'n. "Beingby tunu ; ^a 

tlK-n«i(ffl't*^nitoril-lir'-), ».(. To perioral 
by tunu, or In ftucueaalon ; to chuige ledpro- 
cally. — V. 1. To bappeu or to act by luraa. — 
Al-iWul^.Ir (-tifutt-1«), odr. — Al't«r-B«'- 
tlan (-ui^ehQn), tt- An altamatin^ ; recSproo^ 
noceHloui pormutitiDii. — Al-tn'M-llT« (D- 
tSr'nA-tlvl, a OSerinc a ckolce ol two tiling*. 
— B. Choice of two thfupi 

Al-tkoub' IM-Oi^)i iW- Q™>' <^ thlai tap- 
pa« tba,t ; DotwitliBtuidlng. 

Ara-tnd* (D'tl-tad), n. Height ; ebtvetioD. 

AltKIltS),!!. ■ .-— ^..- . 

Al'to-Hth'ai()at«^tb'8r),odp. ' 
action; conjointly inbollyj »ithoi 

A-ln'ml-n> (A-lii'mT-nA), n. Ooe of the airtlu, 

.mlal-nm (n't-miiii-Bm), A-ln'ml-nui (i- 

petiuuy; continuiiiy; mvari&oiy- 
Ab (Im). it! perron tijiff. indie, ol Blt 

»Ua'(«»l(A-m»'gnni),n. A compounilof m 
umalgant ; to 

aleacf. - A-iHAl'sa-mA'Uim {t-mt 

■t-iaaOl (Em'A.rantb), n. 

itg, ink, tliHi, this. 




Jjl't-toni' (Km/&-t8r' or im'&-tar'), n. One fond 
of some study or art. 

A-inaso' (&-mas')» v* ^* [Amazbd (-mSzd') ; Amas- 
mo.] To confound ; to Mtonisk. ^ ». Astonish- 
ment; perplexity; amaiement. — A-ma^ed-lT 
(•Sd-lj^), aiav. With amasement. — A-nui^ed- 
neu, ». — A-maze'Biailt (-mSs'ment), n. Feel- 
ing of surprise ■ and wonder ; confusion. — A- 
maz'illg-^* adv. * In an amazing degree. 

Affi'a-aum (am'&-z5n), n. A warlike or masculine 
woman ; a virago. — Ax&'a-ZO'ni-ftll (-zS'nT-an), 
a. Pertaining to an Amazon, or to the Biyer 
Amazon or the country it traverses. 

Am-baa'sa-dor (Sm-bSs'si-dSr), n. An envoy of 
tlie highest rank. See Embassaoob. — Am-lMS'- 
aa-drMS (-dren), n. A female ambassador ; wife 
of an ambassador. 

AmHser (Sm'bSr), n. A yellowish fossil resin. — 
a. Consisting of , or resembling, amber. 

dm-Mg'U-OlUI (am - bTg ' tt - Us), a. Of uncertain 
meaning ; doubtful ; equivocaL — Am-Ug^- 
ona-nesa, Am^lii-gnl-ty (im^bY-gu1-tj^), n, 

Am-M'tlon (Sm-bYsh'iiu), ». Eager desire of pre> 
ferment, honor, or power ; aspiration ; greedi- 
ness. — Am-M^na (-bTsh'UB), a. Poeseaaiog, 
moved by, or indicating, ambiticm. 

AmOlle (Sm'bn), v. «. [Ambls) (-Vld); Am- 
BLiMo.] To move with the gait called an am- 
ble ; to pace. ^n. A gait of a horse, in which 
both legs on one side move at once. 

Am'bll-Luioe (Sm'bt-kms), n. A flying hospital ; 
a vehicle for the sick or wounded, — Amlbllrla- 
to-ry (-bit-14-ti-rj^), a. > Able to walk ; walk- 
ing; movable; alterable. — n. Fart of a build- 
ing intended for widking in, as aisles of a 
church or a portico. 

Am'hiUHtade' (Sm'btts-kSdO» n. A hidii^, or 
hiding place, for troops about to surprise ao 
enemy ; ambush. — v. L To lie in wait. 

Al&'biuui (Sm'bd6sh), n. Act or place of lying in 
wait to attack ; troops hidden in ambush. — v. t. 
[Ambi»hbd (-bd6sl)t) ; AMBUsmNQ.] To lie in 
wait for ; to surprise ; to place in ambush. 

DA-maai' (ft-mSr'), A-mll', ». Same as Emxb. 

A-mel'ie-rato (&-m51'yi-rat), v. /. To make bet- 
ter ; to improve. — v. i. To grow better. — 
A-mal'iO-ra^on (-rS'shfin), n. improvement. 

A'men' (a'mfin'; in tingingy S'mSn'). [Heb., 
firm, true.] An expression used at the end of 
prayers, meaning. So be it^ truly ^ or verily. 

A-me/na-hle (&-me'n&-b'l), a. Liable to be 
brought to account or punishment ; answerable ; 
responsible ; submissive. 

A-mend' (4-m6nd'), v. t. & i. To change for the 
better. — A-mond'a-tO-ry (-&-ti-ry), a. Con- 
taining amendment ; corrective. — A-n6]ld'- 
ment, n. A change for the better; reforma- 
tion ; recovery ; a change in a le^dative bill or 
motion. — A-monda' (l^mfindz'), n. ging. & pi. 
Compensation for loss or injury ; satisfaction ; 

A-menl-tT (i-mSnT-tj^), n. Agreeableness. 

Am'ent (am'Snt), n. A sort of spike, in the al- 
der, l^rch, etc. ; a catkin. 

A-mntoan ( &-mBr^-kan ), a. Fertafailnff to 
America, esp. to the United States. ~n. A na- 
tive of America or citizen of the United States. 
— A-mer'i-oaA-lam (-Iz'm), n. A word or idiom 
peculiar to America; love of Americans for 
their own country, its interests, etc. — A-ntr'- 
i-oan-iza (-iz), v. t. To render American. 

Am'e-tliyat (Sm't-thlst), n. A species of quarts, 
of a violet color. 

A'mi-a-blo (S'mT-A-b'l), a. Worthy of love; 
charming; deUghtf uL — A^mi-a-blll-ty (-bTK- 
T-tj^), A^-a-lito-naaa, n. — A'mi-a-lily, adv. 

Am'l-ca-llle (Sm^-k4-b'l), a. Friendly; peace- 
able ; kind. — Am'i-oa-blo-neaa, Am^i-ea-liil'- 

i-ty (-bliT-ty), n. — Am'i-oa-)ily, adv. 

A-aild' (&-mIdO, A-mldat' (-midst'), prep. In 
tiie midst or middle ; among. — A-fliid'alliVS, 
adv. Midway between stem and stem. 

A-nlaa' (A-mls'), a. Wrong; faulty; out of 
order. V- adv. Wrongly; improperly. 

Am'i-ty (SmT-tj^), n, Firiendship : harmony. 

Am-mo'nl-a (Sm-mS'nT-i), n. A volatile alkali ; 
spirit of hartshorn. 

Arn'mu-nltUm ( im'mu-nTsh'Bn ), n. Military 
stores, as powder, balls, shot, etc 

Am'nea-ty (im'nfis-ty), n. General pardon of 
offenses. —v. t. [AMmsTXiD (-tld) ; AmasTr- 
INO.] To pardon. 

A-mona' (i-mfing^), A-moncif (-mttngstO* prvp. 
Mixed or associated with. 

Am'O-nma (Sm^-His), a. Inclined to love ; en- 
amored ; pasdonate. 

A-nunr'phOlia (i-mdr'ftts), a. Having no deter- 
minate form or character ; anomalous. 

A-monnf (4-mount0i v. i. To come in the ag- 
gregate or whole ; to be equivalent. -> n. Sum 
tot^ ; effect, substance, or result. 

A-movi' (&-m65r'), n. A love intrigne. 

Am-phUKi-an (Sm-fTbHt-an), n. An amphibiona 
animaL — Am-pllllKi-0118 (-&b), a. Able to live 
in both air and water ; having two natures. 

Am'phl-tlie'a-tar (Sm/fl-th6'4-t6r), or -tra, n. 
An oval or circular edifice for public sports. 

Am'ple (Sm'pU), a. Of large size, extent, capac- 
ity, or bulk ; abundant ; plenteous. — Am^ply 
(-plV), adv. Fully; abundantly. ■— Aafl^ll-fy 
(-pll-fl), V. /. A i. [AMPuriBD (-fid) ; Amplzvt- 
INO.] To enlarge; to treat copiously ;_to di- 
late; to exaggerate. — Am'pli-tllde (-tud), n. 
Largeness; abundance. 

Am^U-tate (Sm'p6-tat), v.t. To cut off (a limb, 
etc.). — Am^pu-ta'tiion (-tS'shthi), n. A cut- 
ting off (a limb). 

A-mnok' (&-mttk'), a. & adv. In a frensied man- 
ner ; recklessly. — To mn amnfllr. To rush 
out frantically, attacking all comers. 

Am'a-let (Sm'Q-16t), n. Somethmg worn to pre- 
vent evil ; a charm. 

A-mnao' (&-muzO, v. t. [Amvsbd (A-musdn; 
Amusino.] To entertain agreeably ; to divert ; 
to delude. — A-mnaa'meiit, n. That which 
amuses; entertainment; sport. 

An (Sn). One ; any ; — same as a, the indefinite 
article, used before a vowel sound. 

1,9,1, 5. 0, long j ft, «, 1, 5, A, t* abort s MnAte, «vent, Idea, 6bey. finite, aAra. firm, Ask, «]!• flMri, 




Ajmudl'AMlim (Sa-Sk'r6-iiTB*m), n. Brror in 

An^a-oon'oa (Sii'&-k5ii'd&), n. A large South 
American snake of the Boa family. 

UAn^as-tlie'sl-a (Sn'6a-thS'zhT-& or -sT-i), nAn'- 
as-tllO'slB (-thS'sTs), n. Insensibility produced 
by inhaling chloroform, etc. — An'as-tliet'io 
(-thSt^k), a. Causing or characterized by in- 
sensibility. ->n. That which produces insensi- 
bility, as chloroform, etc. 

An'a-gram (Sn'4-(rrSm), n. Transposition of the 
letters of a name, so as to form a new word. 

A-aal'O-gy (i-n81'd-J5^), **• Agreement between 
things which »re in most respects entirely dif- 
ferent. — A-nal'O-gOlU (-gtU), a. Having anal- 
ogy ; correspondent. 

A-lud'y-SlS (&-nSlT-sTs), n. / jp2. Ahaltsbb (-sSz). 
The resolution of a thing into its constituent 
or original elements ; — opposed to syntheHa. — 
An'a-lyst (Sn'&-lTst), n. One who analyzes. — 
An'a-lyt'ic (-iTt'Tk), An'a-lyt'lo-al (-T-kol), a. 
Of the nature of, or fond of, analysis. — An'- 
a-lyzo (Sn'4-liz), V, L To resolve mto first 
principles or elements. 

An'aroll (Sn'&rk), n. Author of anarchy. — An'- 
aroh-ist, n. One who promotes disorder or 
would overthrow civil ' government. — An'- 
aroll-7 (-&rk-j^), n. Want of government ; law- 
lessness; collusion. 

A-natb'e-ma ( 4-ii8th'&-m& )/ n. Ecclesiastical 
curse ; excommunication ; person or thing anath- 
ematized. — A-iiatli'0-nia-tlze ( -m4-tiz ), v. t. 
[AKAxmufATizBD (-tizd) ; ANATHXMATXznre.'] 
To denounce with curses. 

ArlUt'O-my (A-nSfi-mj^), n. A dissecting; the 
science of the structure of organic bodies ; the 
thing dissected ; a skeleton. — A-liaf e-mist, n. 
One skilled in anatomy. — A-naf O-mizO, v. t, 
[Ahatomizbd (-mizd) ; Anatomizing.] To dis- 
sect; to analyze. — An'a-tom'io (Sn'a-t5m1k), 
An'a-tom'io-al (-T-kal), a. Belonging to anat- 
omy or dissection. — All'a-toni'io-fU-ly, ndv, 

An'oai-tor (Sn's8s-tSr), n. One from whom a 
person is descended ; a forefather ; progenitor. 
— An'cas-try (-trj^), n. A series of ancestors ; 
linei^ ; descent. — An oestral (Sn-sSs'tral), a. 
Belatinsf to, or descending from, ancestors. 

An'ohor (Sn'kSr), n. An instrument for holding 
a vessel at rest in water ; firm 
support, -i- V, t. [Anchorbd 
(-kerd) ; Ahohobinq.] To place 
at anchor ; to fasten ; to fix. — 
V. i. To cast anchor ; to come 
to anchor ; to stop ; to rest. — 
An'OlLOr-ace (-tj), n. A Anchor, 

place where a ship can an- aa Stock t b Shank « 
chor ; anchor and necessary c c Fl u kes » d d Armi. 
tackle ; charge for anchoi^g in a harbor. 

An-OllO'yy (Sn-chS'vj^), n. A small sea fish of 
the Herring family, used in seasoning. 

An'oient (an'sh«nt), a. Old ; of former times ; 
of great age ; antiquated ; obsolete. — n. pi. 
Those who lived in former ages, as opposed to 
the modems ; very old men. 


And (Xnd), eor^, A particle expreaaing addition, 
and used to connect words or sentences. 

Andl'XOn (Snd^^ttm), n. A utensil for support- 
ing wood in a firepwce ; a flredog. 

An'eo-dote (Sn'6k-d5t), n. A short story. 

An'e-mom'e-ter (Su^^mBm'ft-tSr), n. An instru- 
ment for measur- 
ing the force 
the wind. 

A-nem'o-ne (&- 
nSm'di-n$), n. A 
plant of the Crow- 
foot family ; wind- 

An'0-roid (Sn't-rOid), n. Dispensing with the use 
of quickulver. — n. A watch-shaped barometer. 

An'eu-xlam (Suti-rTz'm), n. A soft, pulsating 
tumor, caused by enlargement of an artery. 

A-new' (&-nuO) adv. Newly ; over t^aiu ; atresh. 

An'gal (an'jfil), n. A divme messenger ; minis- 
tering spirit ; ancient gold coin of England. — 
An-geiao (Sn-jSi'lk), An-gel'lo-al (-f-kai), a. 
Of or pertaining to angels. — An-gel'lo-al-ly* 

An'ger (Sn'gSr), n. Strong passion excited by 
injury ; indignation ; wrath ; rage.— v. t. [An- 
OKRBD (-gSrd) ; Anokrino.] To excite to auger ; 
to provoke ; to vex ; to displease. 

An'gle (Sn'gU), n. A comer ; difference of direo- 
tion of two lines or planes ; 
fishing tackle. — v. i. [ Ah- 
OLKD (Sn'g'ld) ; Anolino.] 
To fish'with line and 
hook ; to use bait or arti- 
fice ; to intrigue. — An'- 
gler, n. One who fishes 
with a hook ; a kind of fish; 
fishing frog. — An ' gle- 
Wlse', odv. Angularly. — 

An'gle-worm^ (-wfirm'), 

n. An eartliworm used for bait. 

An'gry (Sn'gi^), a. [Anorisr (an'grT-3r) ; Air- 
ORIBST.] Inflamed ; moved witli auger ; resent- 
ful; indignant; hot; raging; furious; infuri- 
ated. — An'grl-ly (-giT-lf), adv. 

An'gnlsh (Sn'gwTsh), n. Extreme pain ; agony. 

An'gn-lar (Sn'gti-lSr), a. Having or consisting of 
an angle ; forming an angle. — An'gU-lar'l-ty 
(-ISrT-tj^), n. Quality of being angular. — An'- 
gn-lar-ly (-I3r-1^), adv. With angles; in the 
direction of the angles. 

An'il (SnTI), n. A West India plant ; indigo dye. 
— Anl-line (SnT-lTn or -lin), n. A dye ob> 
tained from indigo, also from coal tar. 

Anl-mal (SnT-mal), n. An organized living be- 
ing endowed with sensation and power of vol- 
untary motion ; an irrational being. — a. Per- 
taining to animals. — An'l-mal-lsm (-Tz*m), n. 
The stote of mere animals ; brutishness. 

An'i-mal'onle (Sn'T-mSinctii), iiAn'1-mal'cn-lnm 
(-kti-ltim), n. ; pi. Animalcula (-I&). An ani- 
mal invisible, or nearly so, to the naked eye. 

An'i-mate (SnT-mSt), v. i. To give natural life, 
spirit, or vigor to ; enliven ; to stimulate ; to 

CAE Right Angle' I 
CAD Acute Angle I 
BA£ ObtuM Angle. 

fin^ recent, drb, r^de, f^ ftm, food, fdbt, out, oU, chair, go, ains* ink, then, thin. 

I. riolent bitnd ; 

Ktlve emmw ; malignity. 
An'l-mni (Sn^-mOa), n. [L.] lataation ; B[dilt. 
AQ'lM^in'TH). n. A pluit beuiUjE ATOUI4tic BeedL 
All'kl«(ln'fc'i).n. thBjolntcoimecllngfootMd 

leg. — AxltUt (-U«C), n. An CFisiuuBaC void 

t.l. !AiniuLED(-nsld') 
saC (glaaa or IIHUIJ ueu , 
' -'oirly, renduing jt lembiiC- 

I* (In-TiSk^), D. (. [Asbeud (-nKkttO ; 

to Afflj- — n. Something appeadul ; an BltAO- 
■lou o) a buildinK. — Aa'nSM'Hon (-i'shliD), 
A>-MX'lDll l-nft'ahflnl, n. Aadilion ; imlon. 

Ai-nl'hl-lat* Ubi-iil'hl-lit), v. I. To reduce to 
nothing ; to itgaoj. — An-iil'U-littaiL (-11'- 
■bno), n. DoiOuECloa. 

AB'Bl-Tnll-IT (lu'nt-'Sr'Bi-rJ), a. Kehimlng 
with the jflar ; umual i yBUly. ^ n. A day celo- 

An-nnaee' ( E n - n o u n y ), v. /. [AonoviiDiD 

(-Doungf); AmroDNCiHiil-nouD'iiliiB).] Toglra 
nDtl<:ao[; Co muke knowni to puUisli; toid- 
nrtjae. — AB-nOUun'maiit, n. An unoim- 

An-noy' Ifci-noi^, T. ('. {Akho™ (-noMI: Air- 
to botlierj tonligne. — ii. Aimoy»ncs. — ak- 
SDT'uuia (-Doi'ana), n. DiKuibuoa ; injury ; 

An'nn-ll (An'tt-<rl)» <l Happeiihig every yaar ; 

ig hippenlng yearly ; ft 
tn^n-u-ly, adv. Teu: 

Ai-nn'i-tr (In-nul-lJ), » 
An-nnl' (ui-n( 

A yearly al 

mnjjHS.] To ntike Toid or of no fUecl; to 

nullify ; fo aboliah ; to oincel i to set aside. 

An'nitlu (Snll-lSr), An'nn-U-iv (-It-if ), a. 

Gommemoiatiiig the uinra announcement of 
Christ^B approaclilDg l^rth to the Virgin Uary. 

An'O-lTIia itn't-din), >i. Medicine which allaya 
pain. — a. AKuagii^ pain i opiale; narcotic. 

A-nOlnV (A-noinl'l. V. I. To pour oU upon ; to 

A-nOlIlt'ta, n. The Meailah. 


L.BGm'irlT (i-nSm'LlJf), n. A dnJMIi 

larity. — A-Dom'I-lOtu (-*-ltis), a.' D 
' — '- - aboomud ; iiT^uIaTp — A 

re(5n'aar),.,.<. CASS' 




contend. — 4a-t«('fr-lll»m (- 

— Aa-UA'fr-nliti n. 

), a. Oppoalte 
-niv poie; rele^gtothe 

ytfUtCent), a. Going bi 

thne; t^t; precedinE; fcavgaingi pr 

All'twllua«'llM(«n1*-;hIni'b3r),». Acl 

AlLftft^'oaU (Kn'tt-d'at), n. A™atc before t 

Aslt-al-ln'Tl-ui (In'tt-dT- 

In'tt-dl-lii'. ^^J 

(En'M-mt-rldT-an), a. Bdng 
in'nt), n. ,■ pi. Armmix (-n8). 

An-teTl-tn (Kn-«'rt-Sr), a, 
Antg-Toom (tntt-roDm), n. 

a, e, 1, 3. a. long ; ft, e, I o. a, ^. d 

t ; lenAte, Srent. tdea. Obej» tlidte, d 



IVtfeiB (bitUm), n. Ohnccb mtulo idiptei] 
to puaual from tlia Boriptonu i ft moUt. 

An^tan (io^SrJ, n. Ths tip of the ntwDsn of b 
pUutt coatiliui]« tho poUaD. — — 

JUtIm-ait( (InObnt-dC), n. A 

bard, compact minsnj cdhI- 
JU'aia-pald(In'chir«-poid),a. Ro- 

AiraulMOl''^** (In'thri-pSl't- 
ff), n. Natnnl hlttory of the 

in Ui entin utan. — ia-'OOO- 

PertUDlng to uitbiopology. 

iiAn^kTo-piipi^a-tl(iiiabi^H>ai^ji),n.i>j. ibn- 

Antla (iotik), a. Odd; funcilu] : lautuUe.— 

Aati-chrilt (to'll-kristrnriii miTeri^"^ 
CliTiat. — As'U-olulltlUL (irWcbaa), tl An 
opponr of GbiluiAuity. ^ u. Oppodn^ Chrb- 

An-tlo'tpala (Xn-t1ar[.pit), c. (. To tske or do 
before :iDotljer ; Co tabs up beforehiuid or before 
the proper time; to [orestia. — Aa-Urt-BKlor 
(-pi'tgr), n. - An-Uo'tpattai (-pi'ehta), n. 
An uttLcLpatlng ; ImpreBaion of Hbat is to bap- 

Aatl-aet«(Iii'tI^),n. Arem^yJu-polHmar 
other eiiL — Aiftl-linal |-d*'"i). Aa'U-dB'to- 

a[-dS'U-rit), a. EfflctKlouI ualiiBt polion. 
-mw fSD^T-mt-nj)), n. A whttlsh brittle 

tba mna.~Aa^-mBW-U(-raS^l4]), a. Of 

An-l^^lV^Ip't-tfavj,' n. ,- pi. AflTIFATHIB 
(-UiTl). XtstsIoo: mikti rmugnBnce; dig. 

Suet. — An'tl-n-tbrtlo (Xa'tl-pLiMt'lk|, An'- 
1-pa-tblflMa (-T-kn1), a. Hiinng tiieniDn. 
Ax'd-p«dl (Xn^T-pSd), R. ,- pi. AHirroDH (jbi- 
tlp'j-db). One of thow on the opihhII<i side 
ol the efobe. — AnHp-o-flia (-t-dnl), a. I-er- 
tilning to the antipode. ; diametrically oppMed. 
An'ti-(|IM'rl-u(Kii'tT-k«I'cI-an), Q. ^ertaiamg 

of drawing paper. — Antl-ani-ry (Sii'tt-lr 
If], n. One verged la iintlquitleg. — Ai 
qu'Ua (-kwa/Hdl, n. Old, or oat of fuhii 

An-tH'ni-tj, (-tTk-wT-tJ), n, Anc'le't'tlm 

Al'U'Hptia (ttn'tr-eSptlll), a. OppuTn/^i 

AM-UtkVlll (In-tltht-aTt), n. Oppotltloa 

Antt-tDitn, An'tl-toi'liie (lo'CI-tGktrTii). n. 

earned b; bacteria, %» djpbtherla. 
iMVUt ((nClir), n. A branch of a atait'e hor 
AaTll (Id'tYI), •>. An iron block to bammer 


■ (iiiik'ghBa), a. OreaUy a 

A-tn^ (t-Sfc*), 

Tha great 

A-uiFmint (tpttifmnitl, n. A room or 
connected rooma. 

Ap^-tbT (ip'*-tfaf ). n. Want of feeling; 
sitHlitr; uuooncem. — ACa-tbMIe (-th 
a, VcridDfteeline; Indifferent. 

AM(Ip), »• A kind of tallleea muikey ; i 

(Spl)'l"A"''o-] To 
mimic; to ImitEUe 
«r,ilely.-AjT»fc«. . 

n. Practice of apln^ ; I 

A-MBf '}tp«S), 'air. 

A-P^ll-«Bt (A-pVrT.oit), n 

Arei-tii™ l&«r-tflr), n. . 
Ai'M-y, n. Bee under An, 
A-faf Rl-m (A-pifnl-Oi), a 

A'B«i (a'p^ki), n. ,- 
M-aez). --- ■ 
■ -pinl'imi (4- 


O-rtrt, B. A writer oi 
.'Bi-»-rT (a'pl-t.rj). i 

A-f iBOf (i-p&O. <K^' 

Abyltaell. _ 
- A-potfA-lTPTlfl (-lip^rk), a 

L ; adage. — Avh'- 
jlAce for keeping 


Id (iip'Sd), 

Arnd (iip'Sd), ATOBS (-Sd), n. An animal with, 
out feet. - ^'o-a«l U-iail, a. Having no feet. 
Aflhfn Hp'A-jSl, n. That point In the moon'i 

t, Old, Tt|da, tfUli Oro, foM, ttAit, out, all, elulr, g 




land what appears to othen wrong ; an ezcnao. 
— A-pol'o-gflt'iO (4-p51'«-j6tak), A-pol'o-got'- 
lO-al (-T-kal), €u Excoaatory or defenaiTe. — 
A'Pol'O-glst (-p^l'^-JTst), n. One who makes 
apology. — A-pol'O-l^ (-jiz), v. i. To make 
au apology. 

Ap^o-plex^y (Sp^-plSks'j^), n. A disease eharao- 
terked by sudden loss of sense and motion. 

A-pos^te (A-pOe'ttt), n. One who forsakes his 

Srinciples or religion, —a. False ; ren^ade. — ? 
L-posHa-sy (-ti-sj^), n. Abandonment of one's 
faith, principles, or party. — A-p<M'ta>tize 
(-tA-tiz), V. t. To abandon one's faith, party, 
church profession, etc. 

A-pos'tla (A-pSa's'l), n. One sent to execute im- 
portant business; one of the twelve disciples 
sent by Christ to preach the gospel. •— A-pmK- 
tle-slllPt n. Office of an apostle. — A-postO* 
late (-tft-lat), n. Mission ; apostleship. — Ap'- 
oa-torio (Sp'9s>tOITk), Ap'OA-tol'io-af (-T-kal), 
a. Pertaining to the apostles or their doctrines. 

A-pos'tro-phe (ft-pOs'trS-fi), n. A turning away 
urom real auditors, and addressing an imaginary 
one ; contraction of a word by onusaion of a let- 
ter, or the mark ['] which indicates such omis- 
sion. — A-postro-pbiza (-fiz), v. t, [Apostbo- 
mizaD (-fizd); Afostbofhizino.] To address 
by apostrophe ; to contract by omitting letters. 

A-pot]l'e-oa-r7(4-p5th^-kt-rj^),n. A compounder 
of medicines ; a druggist. 

Ap-pall' (Sp-palOi V. t. [Appalled (-pflldO ; A»- 
PALLiNo.] To smite with terror; to scare; to 
intimidate. — v. i. To occasion fear or dismay. 

Af'pa-ra'tus (Sp^pA-rS^tils), n. A collection of 
implements or organs ; furniture ; utensils. 

Ap-par'el (Sp-pSr'gl), n. Clothing ; dress ; rai- 
ment. "-* V. /. [Appabxlbd or Afparxllsd 
(-Sid) ; AppABBLDro or Appabbllino.] To dress ; 
to clothe ; to attire ; to adorn ; to embellish. 

Ap-par'eilt (Sp-pftr'ent), a. Visible to the eye ; 
oeyond question or doubt ; plain ; certain ; ap- 
p^ring, but not real. — Ap-par'eilt-ly, adv. 

Ap'pa-ri'tlOll (Sp^pA-rTsh'&n), n. An appearance ; 
a thing appearing ; a visible object ; a preterm 
natural appearance ; a ghost ; a specter. 

Ap-peal' (Sp-pSl'), n. A removal of a cause or 
suit to a superior court ; a call for proof or de- 
cision, or to grant a favor ; resort ; recourse. ^ 
V. i. To remove a cause to a superior court ; 
to refer to another for decision ; to call on for 
aid ; to implorn. 

Ap-pear' (Sp-pSrO» v, i. [Appbabbd (-pSrdO ; Ap- 
pearing.] To come or be in sight ; to become 
visible, obvious, or manifest ; to seem. — Ap- 
poar'ance (-ans), n. A coming into sight ; thing 
seen ; phenomenon ; semblance, or apparent 
likeness ; pretense ; personal presence. 

Ap-pease' (Sp-pez')* v. /. [Appbasbo (-pSzdO; 
Appbasimo.] To make quiet; to pacify; to a»* 
sui^ ; to compose ; to calm. 

Ap-pellant (Sp-p6inant), n. One who appeals. — 
Ap-pel1ate (-Itt), a. Belonging to, or having 
cognizance of, appeals. — .^pal-la'tlon (-la'- 
ahttn), n. The name by which a person or thing 

is called; title ; address; a common name. — 
Ap-pelOa-tiye (-tlv), a. Nammg. — Ap'peMao' 
(Sp'pSl-lS'), n. The defendant in an appeal ; 
one prosecuted by a private man for a crime. — 
Ap'pel-lor' (-Ifir'), n. 

Ap-pen'dlz (Sp-p8n'dTks), n. ; pi. E. Appbbdbcbs 
(4z) ; L. Appbndicbs (-dT-sSz). Something ap- 
pended ; literary matter added to a book. 

Ap-pend'l-Oi'tLl (Sp-p8nd/I-sI'tTs), n. Inflamma- 
tion of a slender intestinal pouch called the 
vermiform appendix. 

Ap'por-tain' (Sp^pSr-tSn^i v- i- . [Appbbtaihid 
(-tand') ; Appbrtainino.1 To belong; to relate. 

Ap'pe-tite (Sp'p^-tit), n. Desire of gratification, 
especially of food or drink. — Ap'l^tiie (-tia), 
V, t. To whet the appetite of. 

Apj^Ud' (Sp-plAd')« t'* t' & i' To praise by dap- 
pmg the hands, etc. ; to commend ; to extol ; 
to magnify. — Ap-plaiLd'«r, n. ~ Ap-plaVM' 
(-plKs'T, n. An apmauding ; conunendation. 

Ap^plO (ap'p'l)* m> A tree of temperate climates, 
and its fleshy fruit ; the pupil of the eye. 

Ap-ply' (Sp-pliOf ^' ^* [Applibd (-plidO ; Applt- 
IHQ. J To lay or place ; to put ; to bring ; to en- 
gage and employ (one's seu) diligently, or with 
attention. — v. i. To suit ; to agree ; to have 
recourse. — Ap-pli'anoe ( Sp-pli'ans ), n. An 
iq[>plying ; a thing applied ; an instrument ; a 
means. — Ap'pli-oa-ue (Sp'plT-ki-b'l), a. Ca- 
pable of being, or fit to be, applied ; suitable; 
flt.-Ap'pU-oa-liUI-tT (-bm-tj^), Ap^U-ca- 
Ua-ness, n. — Ap'pll-oant (-kant), n. One 
who applies ; a petitioner. — Ap'pli-oatiOII 
(-ka'shun), n. An applying ; anythmg applied ; 
a request ; employment of means ; act of fixing 
tbe mind ; intenseness of thought. 

Ap-potnt' (Sp-poinf), v. t. To fix ; to establish ; 
to ordiUn ; to prescribe ; to assign ; to design 
nate ; to provide ; to equip. — v. i. To deter- 
mine; to ordain. — Ap-point-ao' (Sp-point-8^, 
n. A person appointed. — Ap-polnfknaAt (Sp- 
poinfment), n. An appointing or state of being 
appointed ; arrangement ; pi. equipment. 

Ap-por^on ( Sp-pSr'shfin ), v. t. [Appobtionbd 
(-shthid) ; Appobtionino. J To divide and assign 
fairly; to distribute. — Ap-JpOT'tioil-moiLt, n. 
An apportioning ; a dividing into shares. 

Ap'pO-Blte (Sp'pd-zTt), a. Very applicable ; suit- 
able or fit; relevant; pat. 

Ap'po-Bltlon (Sp^pi-zlsh'ttn), n. The state of 
two nouns put in the same case, without a con- 
necting word l)etween them. 

Ap-pralse' (Sp-pr5z')t «'• '• [Appbabbd (-prSzd') ; 
Appraising.] To set a value on; to estimate 
the worth of . — Ap-pnls'al (-praz'al), Ap- 
praiaa'ment, n. An appraising ; Taluation. — 
Ap-prals'ert n. One who appraises; one ap- 
pointed to value goods and estates. 

Ap-pre'oi-ata (Sp-prS'shT-St), v. t. To value ; to 
estimate justly ; to raise the.value of. — v. i. To 
rise in value. — Ap-pxa'oi-a-ble (-A-b'p, a. Oa- 
pable of being estimated or appreciated ; percep- 
tible.— Ap-l^oi-atlon (-a'shtin),n. Just valu- 
ation or estimate ; increase of worth or value. 

li, «, 1, 5, a, long ; A, 4^ I, ft, ft, tt Abort ; senAte, « vent. Idea, 6bey , finite, cAie, itim, Ask, §11, flnoi 




M^T/n-hmAf (Ip'pit-hfind'), v. /. To aeixe or lay 
hold of ; to understaud ; to entertain Baspioion 
or fear of. — v. i. To be of opinion ; to believe. 
— AVprs-llOlL'll-llla (-bSu'sI-b'l), a. Cfapable of 
beinff apprehended. — Ap^pre-lien'llon (-hSn'- 
■hfin)» n* A seizing or taking hold of ; a con- 
ception ; a sentiment ; an idea ; fear at the 
prospect of future evil. — AVpTD-heil'liYa 
(-sTv), a. Fearful ; suspicious ; perceptive. 

Ap-pron^M (Sp-prSu'tTs), n. One bound to an- 
other to learn a trade or art. — f . ^ [Appkbm- 
TioBD (-tist) ; Appksnticibo.] To bin d- o"t ." 
an apprentice; to indenture. — Ap-prtn'tlbe- 
■lllp, n. Condition of an apprentice ; term for 
which an apprentice serves. 

Ap-prise' (Sp-priz')* v. t, [ArPBiSBD (-prizdO ; 
Appbisiko.I To inform ; to give notice. 

Ap-proaoV {Sp-pr3ch')t V. i, [Appboachsd (Sp- 
-prScht') ; ArraoAOHiMo. ] To draw near ; to ap- 
proximate. — V. t. To come near ; to approz- 
imato. — n. A drawing near ; access. — Ap- 
proaoli'a-blo (-A-b'l), a. Capable of being 
approached: accessible. 

Aj<^prtt-hata (Sp'prft-bfit), v. t. To e ip r e a a or 
manifest approbation of. — Ap'pra-llA'tUlB (Ip'- 
ps^-bS'shan), n. An approving; consent; ap- 
proval ; liking ; attestation. — Ap'pTO-llA'tO-ry 
(-bfi't^rj^),Ap'pro-1lA-tlYe (-bt-tTv), a. Ap- 
proving ; containing approbation. 

Ap-pZO'pll-ate (Sp-prS'pri-at), v. /. To set wput 
for a purpose, or for one*d self; to assign. — 
Ap-pro'pzl-ata (-ftt), a. Set apart for a imrtio- 
ular use or person ; belonging peculiarly (to) ; 
fit ; suitable ; proper ; adapted ; pertinent ; weu- 
timed ; peculiar. — i^pro'prl-ation (-a'shlin), 
n. An appropriating or setting apart for a pur- 
pose ; anything, esp. money, thus set apart. 

Ap-pXOYe' (ap-proovO, V. t. [Apfbovsd (-prodvdO ; 
APFBOYiifo.] To be pleased with ; to think w^l 
of ; to prove ; to commend. — Ap-pxOT'al, n. 
An approving ; approbation. 

Av-proz'l-mate (Sp-prSks^-mat), v, U To carry 
or advance near. — v. i. To come near ; to ap- 
proach. — a. Near ; nigh. — Ap-proz'l-ma^€ll 
(-mS'sh&n), n. Approach ; a coming near. 

AV-pur^te-nant (Sp-pfir'ti-nant). a. Belonging to 
l>y right.— Ap-pnrta-nance (-nans), n. That 
which appertains to something else ; an ad- 
junct ; an appendage. 

iJvi-wX (a'prl-kSt), n. A fruit of the plum 

A'prll (SfprTl), n. The fourth month of the year. 
— ^vni f OOL One hoaxed on April 1st. 

A'pron (a'pSm or a'prttn), n A part of the 
dress ; a cover. 

Ap'ro-PM' (Sp'r^-pS^), adv, [F.] Opportunely ; 
>y the way. 

Apt (Spt), a. Fit; suitable; liable; prompt. — 
Apt'l-tada (Sp'tT-tGd), n. Fitness ; adaptation ; 

readiness. — Aptly, adv. — Apt'ness, n. 
II A'cnu (a^wA), n. [L.1 Water. — HAana lortU 
(fOr'tTs). Nitric acid. — llAqna marine (mA- 
i%>Of ^ DAgiia marina (-ri'n4). a variety of 
beryl ~ || Agva Tits (vi'tS). Brandy. 

A-qna'rl-lim (A-kwi'rT-Qm), n.; pL Aqdabia 
(-rT-A). [L.] A tank for holding aquatic ani* 
mals and plaute. 

A-qnaf lo (&-kwSt'Ik), a. Pertaining to, or inhab- 
iting, water. 

AqlM-dnot (Sk'wt-diikt), n. An artificial con- 
duit for water. 

A'qae^>lUl (aOcw^-Qs), a. Pertaining to, or com- 
posed of, water ; watery. 

Aq'nl-lina (ak'wS-lTn or -lin), a. Belonging to 
the eagle ; hooked like the eaglets beak. 

Ar'ab (Xr'Sb), n. A native of Arabia. — Ar'a- 
iMSqna' (Sr^A-bSsk'), n. Ornamen- 
tation after the Arabian manner. 

— a. In the manner of the Arabi- 
ans; fantastic. —A-ra^bl-an ( A-ra'- 
bT-«(n),Ar'a-1lio(ft/&-bIk},a. Per- 
taining to Arabia or ite inhabitants. 

— Ar'a-lliO) n. The language of 
the Arabians* 

Ar'a-Ue (Sr'&-b*l), a. Fit for tillage ; 

ArU-tar (Sr^T-tSr), n. An umpire ; 
a iudge. ^ ArHll-tra-ry (iir^I-trt- 
rf\ a. Depending on will or dis- 
oretion; despotic; absolute in 
power; bound by no law; tyran- . . 
nical; capricious.— Ar'bl-tr ate -^"owque. 
(-tifit), V. /. A i. To hear and decide, as arbi- 
trators ; to determine generally. — Ar^-tra'- 
tion (-tra'shfin). n. A hearii^ and decision by 
arbitrators. — ArOll-tra'tor (-tra'tSr), n. An 

ArHKir (itr'bSr), n. A bower; a shaded seat ; a 
spindle or axis. — Ar-bO'rerOas (ar-bS'r^-Qs), a. 
Belonging to trees. — ArlM-res'cent (ar^bt-rSs'- 
sent), a. Resembling or becoming like trees. 

ArOiu-tna (Sra>6.tfis), Ara)ate (-but), n. The 
strawberry tree» an evergreen shrub of the 
Heath family. 

Arc (ark), n. Part of the cir- ^,***- -*-^^ 

cumference of a circle or ^re. 


Ar-oade' (Sr-kSdO* n. A series of arches; ao 
arched passage. 

Aroll (arch), a. Cunning or sly ; roguish. — AroV- 
ly, adv. Slyly ; shrewdly. — Arck'&eas, n. 

Arch (Srch, sometimes iirk), a. Chief; of the 
first class ; principal ; — used as prefix in com- 
pounded words ; as, arcA-apostle, arcA-builder, 
arcA-conspirator, etc. 

Arch (iirch), n. A curved or vaulted structure ; a 
curve. — r. /. & i. [Abchbd 
(iircht); Abo ring.] To 
form an arch ; to curve. 

Ar'o]uM)l'e-87 i&eni^-si^.jf), 

n. The science of antiqui- 
ties. — Ar'oIuB-0-log'lG-al 
(-«-15j1-kal), a. Relating to 
archaeology. — Ar'Gha-Ol'O- 
glat (-5l'«-jT8t), n. One 
versed in archaeology. 
Ar-olialG ( ar-kaTk ), a. Ob- 
solete; antiquated. 


fim, recent, 6rb, rude, f^ll, Am, fdbd, fdbt, mat, oil, eludr, sOt eiiiBt iQk, then, thin. 




AXOh'an'ftl (firk/in'ja), n. An angd of the 
higbeat order. 

AXOA^VUh'QP (Xrch'bTBh'&p), n. Chief biahop ; 
metropolitan. — Arch ' bUh ' QP - rio ( -rik ), n. 
Tbe juriadiction or office of an arohbiahop. 

AXOh'^dM'OOn (Srch'dS'k'n), n. ' An eccleaiaatical 
dignitary next in rank below a biahop. 

ArOA'dllka' (SrchMuk'), n. A grand duke; a son 
of an Bmperor of Auatria. — Aroh'du'oal (-du'- 
kal), a. Pertaining to an archduke. — Axoll'- 
dooh^ess (-dOch^), fi. A piinceaa of the houae 
of Austria. 

Aroh'er (arch'Sr), n. One who ahoota with a 
bow ; a bowman. — Aroh'or-y (-Sr-^), fi. The 
art of ahooting with bow and arrow. 

Ar'oU-e-plS'00-pal (iuykt-t-pls^-pal), a. Be- 
longing to an archbiahop. 

Ax'OAll (ar'kTl), n. A violet dye obtained from 
several species of lichen. 

Ax'Ohl-pel'a-gO (fii^kI-pSl'Arg«), ». A body of 
water interspersed with isluids. 

Ax'ohl-teot (itrOET-tSkt), n. One who plans build- 
ings ; a contriver. — Al'ohl-tOOtlTa (-tSk'tIv), 
Ax^Ohl-teotnr-al ( -tSk'tfir-al ), a. Pertaming 
to architecture. — Ax'olll-teo'tlire (-tSk^tAr), n. 
Hie art or science of building, esp. of construct- 
ing houses, bridges, etc. ; workmanship. 

Al'CUllTes (iir'kivz), n. pL, Public records, or the 
place where they are kept. — Ar'olll-ylst (-kl- 
vlst), n. A keeper of archives. 

Aroh'way (Srch'wi), n. A way under an arch. 

Aro'tlG (hrk'tTk), a. Northern ; lying far north ; 
frigid. — Arctio oirole. A lesser circle 23}° 
from the north pole. 

Al'doilt (Sr'dtfnt), ff. Hot ; burning ; fervent. -^ 
Ax^don-oy (-den-ajHi »• Ardor ; zeal ; heat. 

Ax'dor (Sr'dSr), n. Heat ; passion ; eagerness. 

Ax^du-ons (ar'dd-as), d. High ; diffloult ; hard. 

AlO (Sr). JPrAsen/ indie, pi, of Bb. 

Are (fir), n. The metric unit of superficial meas- 
ure ; 100 sq. meters, or 119.6 sq. yards. 

A'tO-a (a'rd-a), n. A plane surface ; an indoeed 
space ; the superficial contents of any figure. 

A-re'na (ft-rS^ni), n. A place of contest. 

A're-om'a-ter (a'r^-8m'&-t3r), n. An instrument 
for measuring the specific gravity of fiuids. — 
A're-om'e-try (*^-ti^), n. A measuring the 
specific gravity of fiuids. 

Ax^gal (Sr'gXl), n. Unrefined or crude tartar. 

Ar'gent (ar'jent), a. Silvery ; bright like silver. 

- Ar-gan'tal (Sr-j6n'tal), Ar-gontlo (-tTk), a. 
Like or pertaining to silver. — Ar^gon-tlf'or- 
Ons (-tTfSr-tis), a. Containing silver. 

Ar'gil (ar'jTl), n Clay or potter's earth ; alumina. 

— Ar'gll-la'oeoiUI (-IS'shiis), a. Of the nature 
of clav. — Ar-gil'lons (-jTiafis), a. Clayey. 

Ar'KOl (Sr'g51), n. Crude tartar ; argal. 

Ar'gna (Sr'gu), v. i. [AsenBD (-gud) ; Asonmo.] 
To use arguments ; to reason ; to dispute. — v. t. 
To debate; to prove; to evince; to persuade by 
reasons. — ArYU-mont, n. Proof or means of 
proving ; reason ; plea. — Ar'gn-men'ta-tlYa 
(-mSn'tA-tTv), a. Containing, or addicted to, 

Arid (Ir'Td), a. Dry ; parched with heat — 
A-rld'l-t7 (A-rTd^-tj^), Arid-new, n. 

A-xlghf (a-rif), adv. In due order ; correctly. 

A-rlse' ^^"^1)' ^* ** [Abobb (-rSz'); Abisbm 
(-rTz^'n).] To rise ; to issue ; to spring. 

ArlB-tOO^-ey (Sr'Ts-tfik'riusj^), It. Government 
by the principal persons of a state, or a privi- 
l^ed order ; nobility or chief persons in a state. 

— A-rlalO-crat ( A-rTs'ti-krSt or Sr^s-t«-), n. 
One who favors aristocracy ; a haughty person. 

— Ar'lB-to-orario (Sr'Ts-t«-krSt^k), Ax'lB-tO- 
Orat'lG-al (-T-kal), a. Relating to aristocracy. 

A-rlthlne-tlO (&-rIth'm^tTk}, n. The science of 
numbers ; computation by figures. — A-rltll'nie- 
tt'Olan (-tTsh'an), n. One skilled hi arithmetic. 

— Ar'ltll-merio-al (Sr^Ith-met^T-kal), a. Ac- 
cording to arithmetic. 

Ark (ark), n. A chest ; a coffer ; a large boat. 

Arm (arm), n. The limb from shoulder to hand ; 
branch of a tree ; end of a ]rard ; inlet of water 
from the sea. — v./. [Abkbd (Snnd) ; Armuto.] 
To furnish or equip with weapons. 

Ar^ma-dllOo (iur^mft-dim), n. ; pL -oillos (-ISz). 

[Sp.] An animal of 

Armor; a piece of 

America, hav- 
ing the body encased 
in bony plates. 

Ar'ma-ment (ftr'm&- 
m«nt), n. A force 
equipped for war; 
munitions of war. 

Ar^ma-tnre (iir'mA-tfir), n. 
iron used to connect the poles of a magnet. 

Armful (ibin'f\;il), n. As much aa the anna can 

Armliole' (UrmOiSlO? n. A hole for the arm in a 

Ar'mls-tloe (Sr^mTs-tTs), n. A temporary ceaaa* 
tion of arms ; a truce. 

Armlet (&rmlSt), n. A bracelet. 

Arlnor (ar^mSr), n. Defensive arms for the 
body ; iron covering for ships of war. — Ar'- 
mor-er (-mSr-8r), n. One who makes or has 
charge of arms or armor. — Ar-mo'Tl-al (Sr- 
mo'rl-al), a. Belonging to armor, or to the ea- 
cutcheon of a family. — Arlno-ry (iir'mj^-rj^), n. 
A place where arms are stored or manufacturied. 

ArmW (Srm'pttOt n. The hollow under the 

Arms (iirmz), n. pi. Weapons ; ensigns armorial. 

Ar'my (Sr'm^), n. An organized body of men 
armed for war ; a great number ; a host. 

Ar'xil-ca (Sr^nT-ki), n. A plant used as a narcotic 
and stimulant. 

A-rdna (4-r5'm&), n. Fragrant qualihr in 
plants and other substances ; flavor. — Ar'O- 
matlo (Sr^-mStTk), Ar'0-mario-al (-T-kal), a. 
Fragrant ; spicy. — Ar^O-maf lo, n. A plant, 
drug, or medicine, of fragrant smell, and uau- 
illy of warm, pungent taste. 

A-ronnd' (&-round'), prep. On all sides of; 
about ; from one part to smother of. — adv. In 
a circle ; on eveiy side ; at random ; here and 

&,8,I,S,1I,loiig; ft, 0,1, ft, tl,j^, short; aenAto, (rent, tdea, 6bey, finite, cftre, ttrin, 4ik, nil, final* 




A-ZOOM' (4-roiu/), V. t, [Aboitsid (&-roasdO; 
Abou8I»o.} To awaken suddenly ; to excite. 

A-row' (^ro')t ^v. In a row ; iu order. 

Al-Zaign' (Sr-ranOt v. t. [ABEAieino (-rand') ; 
Arbaionxho.] To call to answer in court; to 
call in question ; to accuse ; to impeach ; to cen- 
sure. — Ar-raign'mont, iu An arraigning. 

Ar-nmge' (Sr-rSuj'), v. t. [Abranobd (•rimjdO ; 
Abbakoino.] To put, place, or dispose, in or- 
der ; to adjust ; to settle. — Ar-rangd'mont, n. 
An arranging ; preparation ; adjustment. 

Azfrant (Sr'rant), a. Very bad ; notorious. 

Ar-ray' (Sr-raO, ». Order; posture for fighting ; 
orderly collection ; dress ; raiment ; body of ju- 
rors summoned to court. ■» v. i, [Abbaybd 
C-rad') ; Abbating.] To dispose in order (troops, 
etc.) ; to deck or dress ; to set in order (a jury). 

Ar-rear (Sr-rer'), Ar-rears' (-rerz'), Ar-raar'. 
age (-rer'ftj), n. Part of a debt unpaid, though 

Ar-xast' (Sr-rfisf ), v. t. To check the motion or 
action of ; to seLee or apprehend by authority of 
law ; to obstruct ; to detain ; to stop ; to appre- 
hend.— n. Hindrance; seizure. 

Al-rtve' (5r-rlv')» V. i. [Abbxybo (-rlvd'); Ab- 
BiviKO.] To come ; to reach. — Ar-ZlT'al (-riv'- 
al), n. An arriving ; a person or thing arriving. 

AztO-gant (Sr'ri-gant), a. Al»uming undue im- 
portance ; overbearing ; insolent. — ArlTO-gant- 
ly, tidv, — Ar^O-ganoe (-gans), »> Act or habit 
ox arrogating; assuming; overbearing. — Al'- 
rO-gatal'S^^)) ^ • '• ^o claim unduly ; to assume. 

Az'VOW iJu'Tt), n. A pointed weapon shot from 
a bow. 

Arfrow-rooV ( -rodf ), n. 

A tropical plant, yield- Arrow. 

ing a nutritious starch, 

used for children's and invaUds' food. 

Az^sa-nal (ar's^-nal), n. A magazine for arms 
and military stores. 

Az^SO-nlo (ar's^-nTk), n. A metal ; also, its white 
poisonous oxide. 

Az'aon (Sr's'n), n. Malicious burning of another 
person^s house, ship, etc. 

Art (Srt^. 2dpers. sing. prea. indie, of Bb. 

Art (Srt), n. Acquired skill ; dexterity ; aptitude ; 
skiU ; artifice ; deceit. — Artful (-f\il), o. Skill- 
ful ; cunning ; crafty ; sly. — Artleaa, a. Free 
from art, craft, or stratagem ; ingenuous ; con- 
trived without art or skill ; inart^cial. 

Altn-J (Sr'tSr-y), n. A large vessel conveying 
blood from the lieart ; a channel of communica- 
tion. — Ar-te'ti-al (-te'rT-al), a. Pertaining to, 
or contained in, an artery. 

Ar-ta'alan (ar-te'shan), a. PerUinin^r to Artois, 
in France. — Artealan wall. A well bored into 
the earth till it reaches water. 

Artful, Art'ful-^, etc. See under Abt, n. 

Arfi-Olioke (iir'tl-chok), n. A food plant of the 
thistle kind. — Jeruaalom artichoke, a species 
of sunfiower, bearing a tuber like the poteto. 

Arti-Ole (iir'tT-kU), n. A concise statement; a 
particular commodity or substance; in gram- 
nuu, <me of the words, a, an, the. — v. L [Ab- 

TioLBD <-k*ld); ABncuKo (-klTng).] To set 
forth in distinct articles or particiUars ; to Innd 
by articles of covenant ; to indenture. — v. i. 
To stipulate* 

Ar-tlo'U-lar (iir-tTk^-lSr), a. Pertaining to joints. 

Ar-tiG'U-late ( ar-tlk'fl-lat ), a. Formed with 
joints ; distinctly uttered ; clear. — n. An in- 
vertebrate animal, having the body and mem- 
bers jointed. — iLr-tlG'u-late (-lit), v, t. To 
joint ; to unite by a joint ; to form mto elemen- 
tary sounds or into distinct syllables or words. — 
V. t. To utter articulate sounds ; to enunciate. 

— Ar-tic'U-late-ly, adv. Distinctly ; clearly. — 
Ar-tlG'U-la'tiOU (-la'shttn), n. Junction of the 
bones of a skeleton or parts of a plant ; utter- 
ance of sounds of language ; a consonant. 

Artl-fice^ (ar'tT-f Ts), n. An artful or skillful con- 
trivance ; device ; stratagem ; deception ; fraud. 

— Ar-tiri-oer (ar-tTft-^r), n. A skillful work- 
man iu some art. — Ar'tl-fi'oial (-fTsh'al), a. 
Made or contrived by art ; factitious ; feigned ; 
fictitious ; cultivated ; not indigenous. 

Ar-tiller-7 (Hr-tTl'ler-j^), n. Oifensive weapons 
of war; great guns; ordnance; troops armed 
with cannon ; gunnery. 

Artl-san (araT-zSn), n. One skilled in any me- 
chanical art ; a handicraftsman. 

Artlat (artist), n. One who professes one of 
the fine arts. — HAr^tiate' (ar^test')* n. [F.l 
One peculiarly dexterous in any art. — Ar-ti8^ 
tie (-tTs'tTk), Ar-tla'UG-al (-T-kol), a. Pertain- 
ing to, or characterized by, art. 

Artleaa, etc. See under Abt, n. 

Aa (Sz), adv. Like ; similar to ; while ; during, 
or at the same time that ; in the idea, charac- 
ter, or condition of ; for instance ; thus. 

Aa'a-fet'i-da (S8'&-fgt'r-d&), Aa'a-tofi-da, n. 4 
fetid inspissated sap, used in medicine. 

Aa-bea'tua (Ss-bfis^tds), Aa-beatoa (-tSs), n. A 
fibrous variety of hornblende and pjrroxene, 
sometimes wrought into an incombustible cloth. 

Aa-oeud' (Ss-sSudO* v. %. To move upward ; to 
mount ; to rise. —v. /. To go upward upon ; to 
climb. — Aa-Ceud'aut ( -ant ), a. Above the 
horizon; superior; surpassing. — n. Superior 
or commanding influence ; height ; elevation. — 
Aa-oeud'eu-cy (-en-sj^), n. Superior or control- 
ling influence ; authority ; sway ; control. 

Aa-oeu'aiou (Ss-sSn'shfin), n. An ascending or 
rising; the visible elevation of our Savior to 
heaven. — AaceuaiOU Day. A festival com- 
memorating Christ's ascension into heaven; 
Holy Thuri^ay. 

Aa-oeuf (Ss-sSnf), n. A rising ; a way by which 
one ascends ; a high place ; inclination. 

Aa'oer-taln' ( Ss^sSr-tan' ), v. t. [Ascbbtaimbd 
(-tand') ; Ascbbtainino.] To make certain ; to 
establish with precision ; to find out. 

Aa-oribe' (Ss-krib'), v. t. [Ascbibbd (-kribdO; 
Ascbibino.] To attribute ; to impute ; to as* 
sign. — Aa-crlVa-We (-kri'bA-b'l), a. Capable 
of being ascribed.— Aa-Crip'tlon (-krTp'shtLn), 
n. An ascribing ; thing ascribed. 

Aall (Ssh), n. A forest tree of the Olive family ; 

fgn, reoent, 6rb, r^de, f^ll, Urn, fdbd, fdbt, out, oil, oluir, go, siiiB, iQk, then, tbin. 




■]m, its wood. — AilL'ai (lah'ta), a. • Made of 
Mh wood ; of the color of aehm ; uby. — ABh'M 
.(-8z)t n. pi. Incombustible reinaios of burnt 
matter ; remains of a dead body. — ABh^ {-f)t 
a. Ash-colored ; like ashes. — AslL Wodnwih 
day. The first day of Lent. 

A-Shamed' (&-8h5md0« a. Affected by shame $ 
abashed by guilt or impropriety. 

A-Blunre' (&-ish5r'), adv. On or to shore ; on land. 

A-llde' (iUsid'), adv. On, or to, one side ; out of 
the way, apurt. — n. Something said aside or 

Al'l-nlne (Ss'f-niu), a. Like an ass ; stupid. 

Ask (&ak), V. t. & i. [AsKso (iskt) ; Abkimo.] To 
request ; to inquire ; to require ; to interrogate. 

A-Bkanoo' (ft-skSus/), A-akanr (-skSnf ), adv. 
Obliquely ; sideways. i 

A-Skaw' (A-sku'), adv. Sideways; askant. 

A-slailf (A-sl&uf), adv. In a slanting maimer i 

A-aloep' (&-8lSp'), a. & adv, Jn 
a state of sleep or death ; at 

A-Blopo'(&-sl5pOt.a<fo. With a 
slope or descent. 

Aap (Asp), n. A small hooded 
smd poisonous serpent of 

Aa-par'a-gns (Ss-pSr^A^Os), n. 
A culinary garden plant. 

As^Ot (Xs'pSkt), ft. Look; . 

mien; air. •^* 

Aa^en (&/pSn). n. A tree ; a species of poplar. 
— a. Pertaining to the aspen. 

Aa-por'l-ty (Ss-per'T-tj^), n. Roughness ; harsh- 
ness; acrimony. 

As-paxae' (Sa-pSrsOt v. t [Aspibsbd (-pSrstO ; 
AsPERsiNO.] To bespatter with foul reports; 
to slander; to defame. — Al-pei/aioIL (-pSr^- 
shfiu), n. A sprinkling ; calumny ; censure. 

Aa^kalt (Ss'ffit or ib-fSlf ), Aa-plialtiim (-fSl'- 
tom), n. Mineral pitch ; compact native bitu- 
men ; nn artificial preparation of coal tar, lime, 
sand, etc., used for pavements, roofs, etc. 

Aa'pllO-del (Sa^f^-d81), n. A perennial plant hav- 
ing beautilul floorers. 

Aa-pliTX'l-a (Ss-fTksT-&), Aa-phyz^ (-y), n. Ap- 
parent death ; suspended animation. 

Aa'pl-rata (Sa'pT-nt), v. t. To pronounce with a 
breathing or full emission of breath. — n. A let- 
ter which is aspirated ; a whispered consonant. 
**a. Pronounced with a rough breathing. — 
Aa'pl-ratlon (-rS'shiin), n. An aspirating or 
aspiring ; pronunciation of a letter with full 
emission of breath ; strong wish ; ambition. 

Aa-pire' (Ss-pir'), v. i. [Aspirbd (Ss-plrd') ; As- 
pQtiNO.] To desire eagerly ; to long ; to rise ; to 
ascend. — Aa-pir'ar (-pir^r), n. 

A-aqalaf (A-skwInf), adv. Obliquely ; askant. 

Aaa (&s), n. An animal of the Horse family ; a 
dull fellow ; a dolt. 

Aa'aa-f 0tl-da (Is'sA-fSt^-dA), n. See Asafgetida. 

Aa-aall' (Ss-salOi «. <• [Assailed (-said') ; Assail- 
XHo.] To attack ; to assault ; to beset. — Aa- 

■all'a-Uii. a. Capable of being asialled. — Ab> 
■all'ant (-ant), n. One who attaoka. •>• a. 
Assaulting; assulins. 

Aa-aaa'alnCSs-sfa^sTnyyit. One who kills by secret 
assault. — Aa-aaa'Hii-ata (-sl-uSt), v. t. To 
murder secretly. — Aa-aaa'ai-nation (-al-na^- 
shttn), n. An assassinating. 

Aa-aauf (Ss-sftlf), n. A violent attack ; an on- 
set ; a charge, -^v. t. To attack. 

Aa-aay' (Ss-sS')) n. Trial; attempt; examination 
(of the quantity of metal in an ore) ; a sub- 
stance to be assayed. — v. t, [Assatsd (-sad') ; 
AssATiMO.] To subject to chemical examina- 
tion. —V. t. To attempt ; to try ; to endeavor. 

Aa4Mm'bla (Ss-sSm'b'l), v. t. [Assxmblbo (-b'ld) ; 
AssxHBLiNO.] To bring or c^ together ; to con- 
vene ; to congregate. —v. i. To meet ; to con- 
vene. — Aa-aemHllaga (-blftj), n. An assem- 
bling ; a collection of persons or things ; a group. 

— Aj|-aeill'U7 (*blj^), n. A company assem- 
bled ; a meetmg ; a legislature ; a congregation. 

Aa-aant' (Is-sfint/), n. An assenting, admitting, 
or agreeing to anything ; consent. — v. i. To 
admit a thi^ as true ; to concede ; to consent. 

Aa-aert' (Sshs&f), v. L To aiBrm positively ; to 
maintahi ; to aver. — Aa-aortlon (-sSr'shfiu), n. 
An asserting; alBrmation; vindication. — Ab- 
aerTor (-8r), It. ' 

Aa-aeaa' (Ss-sfis^), v. t, [Assbbsbd (-sBstO; Aa- 
8E88INO.] To tax ; to value ; to determine ; to 
estimate.— Aa-aeaa'mant (-ment), n. An as- 
sessing ; valuation of property ; sum charged. 

— Aa-aeaa'or (-sSs'Sr), n. An associate; one 
appdnted to apportion taxes. 

Araata (Ss'sSts), n. p/. Property in possession or 
money due ; effects of one deed or insolvent. 

Aa-aOT^ar-ata (Ss-sBv'Sr-St), v. L To affirm sol- 
enmly; to aver. — Aa-aav'ar-atloin (-S^shBn), 
n. Positive affirmation. 

Aa-ald^-ana (Ss-sTd'A-iis), a. Constant in ap- 

Elication; diligent; persevering; indafatiga- 
le. - Aa^ai-du'l-ty (Ss'sl-dul-ty), n. . 

Aa-algn' (Ss-sin'), v, t. [AasionsD (-sindO ; Aa- 
sioNnro.] To appoint; to allot; to select; to 
designate; to make over to another. -*n. A 
person to whom property is transferred ; an as- 
signee. — Aa-algn'a-bla (-sin'A-b*l), a. Capable 
of being assigned. — Aa'algn^aa' (Is'sT-nS'), n. 
One to whom something is assigned. — Aa- 
aign'ar (-sin'Sr), Aa'algn-or' (-sT-ndr^), n. One 
who assigns or makes a transfer to another. — ' 
Aa-alai/Uiant (-sln'ment), n. An assigning ; a * 
transfer of title, hiterest, or right. 

Aa-aim'1-lata (Ss-sTmT-lat), v, t To make sim- 
ilar; to convert into a like substance.— v. t 
To become similar; to be converted into the 
substance of the body. — Aa^ aim' 1-Iatl0ll 
(-eTm'T-la'shOn), n. An assimilating. 

Aa-aiat' (Ss-stsf), v. t. To give support to ; to 
succor. — V. i. To help ; to be present ; to at- 
tend — Aa-aiafanoa (-«ms), n. Help; aid; 
relief. — Aa-aiat'ailt (-<znt), a. Helping ; awe. 
iliary. — n. One who sids ; an auxiUaiy. 

Aa-ao'M-ata (Ss-sS'shl-at), v, t. To Join in omn- 

a,e,I,5,a,loog;ft,«,I,5,a,j^, short ;MnAta,6vent,tdea,6bey, Unite, cAre, ftrm. Ask, ||U, flnaU 


ptuiT u Mimd, putnsr, etc i to nnltc lo the ! A-IT'lDB (i-uailm|, s, A infugt ; b gaoctaan ; 
suocnian.— v.£ To unite in compui;.— a. B dbelur ; a place (or Ibe cue ol tlje ultlictal. 

Ciosaly ooanected. — ». A compiuloa [ mate ■ •• '•■• " '- ■ ■• '"■ ■ ■ ' 

putner. — A>jW0l-ttlim(-eliI-i'9liaiiIn'-eI-ft' 

ebtin), n. Union 

tmtioa to a priutBd tiaBags. 
AHAn' (^4tBn>a i^. 1°, ■ . 

binder part oF a iblp ; behibd a 
Ast«r«U(K>tSr4kl},Tk Oneol 

«ta between Uui and Jupitar. 
ABtkiM (Xe'ml. Kfrn*. or Ist^t), 

order oT r»pirBti[n]f with djfflcuit b: 
A^-tonlili (fc>-Ulii1ati), >>. I. [Autobu 

Al-tI1)l'l»«7 |l9-lTlIlt-]»), n. A pisdiotbigBiei 
by tbe upectB of; the atar^ — i^tAVo-g 
l-m. n. Ooe *bo pretends to (orelell eveij 
bj tlia .tats, — AVtro-lMlO (■10J^6). Ai'ti 
leclo-al (-r-ltdl), a. Relating to »atrology. 

iJ^Sm'ltmf [IWrOd't-iaJ), n. Science ol t 

hABTenlj boilloi, — AA-tnn'O' " 

varaed In aetronoiuy. — AA'tro-I 

^Iifi;k),A'Ufr'lit'lQ-il(-l-lul),a. l>«iiylug> 

A-tUnf tubirof), a. Tbirttj ; eagar. 
AtbaaU(Slh'16t), n. A contender tor victory In 

wreeUlug. etc AO-WlD (tth-Ult/Tk), n. Be. 

iouglBg » wieetLiug, bAiag, and otliei mauly 

eierciaea; strongs robust^ vigorcxiB. 
A-tJiwut' (^tJiAhrf), prep. AcroM i from aide 

tosideof.-ndi. SiSeiviee ; obliquely. 
Al-Us^o (It-Uutlk), a, PerUlnii« to ttae 

Aria* («t^i»|, n. A heathen eod, repnaanted 

pLUara oi lieaven, 

lo-ll (I-kol), a. 

Relating to, eiiit- 

ing In, or depend- Atlu. 

ent DTI, the mtmoephere, 

A-toU (t-tai'), n. A com Itland conxletiiig <^ ■ 
rlnp of ooral reef sorrounding a lu:oon. 

AfonKU^m], n. An ultlmaU indli'lelbls parti- 
cle of tnntter ; a minute particle. — A-tOmtG 
(^VSmtH), A-tom'lo-ll (-I-kol), a. Relating 

._ ,____,..___ Afom-lMOlfnm- 

nis, — Afoa-l'MT 

ig liquid 

A-tal»' J-tSnO. "■ i- [AtObid (-I5nd' 

Kiclitaction for. — A-tona'miiit. n. E 

A-tBp' (i-tUp'), 00 
VtnKciw.- '" — 

— A-tnC 

Lt-ttDh' ( 

ltJ|*lo .„ 

taok'mnit, n. An 




At-ttok'dt-tXkOiV.f. [Attaossd (-tlktO ; At- 
TACUNO.] To aasail; to aasaalt. — a. Aiia»> 
■ault ; an invaaion ; a fit (of sickness, etc.). 

At-tain' (Xt-tim'), V. i. [Attaikko (-tSnd') ; At- 
TAinma.] To reach by effort ; to arrive at. — 
V. t. To achieve ; to accomplish ; to obtain ; to 
acquire. -7 At-tai^'a-ble (-^b'l), a. Capable of 
being attained.'— A^taiIL'nlent, n. An attain- 
ing ; the thing attained to ; an acquisition. 

Aftir (Xl/t8r), n. ^ A fragrant essential oil, esp. 
of roses. [Written also otto and ottar.'] 

At-tunvt' (St-tSmf ), V. U To make trial or ex- 
periment of ; to make an attack upon. — v. i. To 
make an effort or an attack. —n. Essay ; trial. 

At-tend' ^St-tSud'), v. t. To go or stay with, as 
oompamon or servant ; to wait on ; to serve'; to 
be present with ; to accompany ; to be conse- 
quent to. -* V. i. To pay attention, with a view 
to perceive, understand, or comply ; to heed ; 
to wait or be in waiting ; to listen ; to hearken. 
— At-fend'anoe (-tSu'dons), n. An attending ; 
persons attendmg ; train ; retinue. — At-tand'- 
ant (-dant), n. One who, or that which, at- 
tends or accompanies. 

At-tantlon (St-tSu'shOn), n. An attendfaig or 
heeding; act of civility; care; respect; re- 
gard ; notice. — At-ta&^ve (-tlv), a. Full of 
attention ; intent ; mindful ; civil ; polite. 

At-ten'U-ate (St-tSu'u-St), v. t. To make thin, or 
less viscid ; to make slender ; to draw out or 
extend in length. — v. i. To become thin, slen- 
der, or fine ; to grow less ; to lessen. 

At-tOSt' ( St-tSst' ), 1'. /. To bear witness to ; to 
give proof of ; to call to witness. — At'tea-ta'- 
tUm OtftSs'tS'shttn), n. Testimony. 

At'tiO (IftTk), a. Pertaimng to Attica, in 
Greece, or to its principal city, Athens ; pure ; 
classical. — n. An upper story ; a garret. 

At-tire' (St-tir'), V. i. [Attibbd (-tlrd') ; At- 
TIBINO.J To dress; to array; to adorn.— n. 
Clothes; dress; horns of a buck. 

At'tt-tade (Stat-tud), n. Posture ; position. 

At-tor'ney (St-tdr'nj^), n. One legally appointed 
by another to act for him. 

At-traof (St-trSkf), V. t. To draw ; to allure ; to 
invite; to engage. — At-traotlon («t-trSk'- 
shfin), n. Invisible power in a body by which 
it draws anything to itself ; power or act of al- 
luring, inviting, or engaging. — At-traot'lve 
(-tlv), a. Having power of attracting; draw- 
ing by moral influences. — n. That which at- 
tracts or incites. — At-traot'or, n. 

At-trlVnte (St-trlVfit), v. t. To ascribe ; to im- 
pute ; to refer ; to charge. — At-trlVn-ta-ble 
f-trrvft-ti-bn), a.— At-trlb'n-tlve (-fi-tlv), a. 
Relating to, or expressing, an attribute. — n. 
A word denoting an attribute or quality. — At'- 
trl-bute (Sttrl-but), n. An inherent quality ; 
essential property. — Attrlrbn'tlon (-bu'shtin), 
n. An attributing ; quality attributed. 

An'blini (A'bQrn), a. Reddish brown. 

AlU/tion (ftk'shtin), n. Public sale to the highest 
bidder.— Auo'tiOll-ear' (nk'shttn-er'), n. One 
who sells by auction. — v. /. To sell by auction. 

An-AftlolOU (ik-dS'shi&B), a. Oontemning re- 
straints of law, raligicm, or decorum ; bold. — 
Au-da'oloui-Iy, adv.— An-da'olou-naaa, An- 
Oaot-ty (•dSs'T-tj^), ». 

Au'Ol-bla (ft'dT-b'l), a. Cniable of behig heard. 
— Aa'dl-Ua-nass, n. — Au'Ol-bly (-uf ), adv. 

An'dl-anoa (f/dl-ens), n. A heaiiug ; admittance 
to a hearing ; auditory, or assembly of hearers. 

Au'dlt (ik'dit), n. An examination, esp. of ac- 
counts, by proper officers. — v. t. To examine 
and adjust (accounts). — Au'dl-tor (-dl-tSr), n, 
A hearer ; one authorized to adjust accounts. — 
Au'di-tO-iy (-dT-t«-rj^), a. Pertaming to the 
sense of hearmg. — n. An assembly of hear- 
ers; audience. 

An'car (i/g8r), n. A tool for boring. 

Aacnt (ftt), n. Anything ; any part. 

Aac-monf (ftg-mSut'), v. t. & i. To enlarge ; to 
increase. — Avg'mont (ftg^mSut), n. Bnlaige- 
ment bv addition. — Aa|;^]non-tatlon (-mln- 
tS'sh&n), n. An augmentmg ; enlaigement. 

Au'gnr (f/gttr), n. One who foretells events by 
omens ; k soothsayer.—v. i. [Avoubsd (f/gfird) ; 
AuouaiMo.] To conjecture by omens ; to guess. 
— 1>. /. To betoken. — Au'gn-ry (f/gft-i^^), «. 
A foretelling events ; omen; prediction. 

Au-nat' (ft-gusf), a. Creating respect mingled 
with veneration ; majestic. — Au-KVatliaaa, n. 

Au'gnat (ft'gOst), n. Eighth month of the year. 

Aak (ftk), n. An Arctic sea bird, of several spe- 
cies ; the puffin. 

Aunt (iint), n. A 
father's or moth- 
er's sister. 

An'nd (ft' nil), a. 
Belonging to the 

Au'tl-Ola (ft'rT-k*l). 
n. The external 
ear; one of two 
muscular sacs at 
the base of the 
heart ; a kind of 
ear trumpet. — 
(a-rrk'fi-lSr), a. 
Pertaining to the 
ear, or to the sense 
of hearing; told 
In, or recognized 
by, the ear ; traditional ; pertaining to the au- 
ricles of the heart. — An'llat (ft'rTst), n. One 
skilled in disorders of the ear. 

An-rU'er-ona (a-rTfSr-fis), a. Producing gold. 

Anfocha (a'roks), n. The European bison. 

An-ro'ra ({^rJ^rft), n. Dawn of day ; redness of 
the sky before sunrise. — Aurora boraalla 
(bS-ri-a'lTs). A luminous meteoric phenome- 
non ; northern lights. 

Ana-pl'Glona (fts-pfsh'Qs), a. Having omens of 
success; prosperous; favorable; propitious. 

Ana-tare' (fts-tSr'), a. Sour with astrhigency ; se- 
vere ; rigid ; harsh ; stem. — Ana-twa'ly, cuiv. 
— Ana-tara'naaa, Ana-ter'l-ty (-tSr^.^), n. 


ft, e, 1, 5, a, long; ft,«,I,5,a,j^,shortise&ftte,dvent,tdeA,6bey.ftnite,cAre,ilrm,aak,§]],fiiio^ 




All-tlMBtIo (A-thSntTk), a. True ; certain ; cred- 
ible ; genuine. —Au-thentiO-al-ly, a4v. —AW- 
tlian-tlo'l-ty {f/ttan'tXari-tf^n. OenuinenesB. 
— Aa-tlientl-oate (A-thSn'tT-kSt), v. t. To e*- 
tablieh by proof ; to prove to be genuine. — Au- 
tliai'ti-catloil (-kS'shOn), n. A proof. 

Author (ftthSr), n. The beginner, former, first 
mover, or efficient cauae of a thmg; a writer. — 
Au'tlior-ew, n. A female author. — Anthor- 
Blllp, n. State of being an author ; origin. 

Au-thor^-tT (2y-th5rT-tj^), n. Legal or rightful 
power ; dommion ; testimony. — Aa-tlUHrl-tar 
tlYe (-T-ti-tTy), a. Having authority. 

Anthor-lze (^h5r-iz), v. t. To empower ; to le- 
galize ; to give authority, credit, or support to. 

— Au'thor-l-zatioa (-T-za'Bhan),!). Establish- 
ment by authority. 

AntO {9/t5)y n. An automobile. 

Au'tO-m-Og'ra-phy {f/tt-hi-Hg^riL-tf), n. A mem- 
oir or biography of a person written by himself. 

Auto-boat', n., Auto-oar^, n., Auto-oy^olo, n. A 
Imat, carriage, bicycle, propelled by a motor. 

AutO-orat (i/tt-krSt), n. An absolute sovereign. 

— An'to-ozmtto (n'ti-krst^k), Arto<iratto-al 

(-T-kal), a. Independent in power ; despotic. 

AlltO-gxap]l(ftt^-^rSf),n. A person's own hand- 
writing; an original manuscript. — Au'to- 
(xapllto (-grSf^k), a. Pert, to an autograph. 

An-tom'a-ten (A-t5m'A-tQn), n. ; pf. L. Automata 
(-t&); B. -TOHs (-t5nz). A machine which imi- 
tates actions of men or animals. — Au^tO-Biat'lo 
(A^ti-mU/Tk), Au'to-mat'lo-al, a. Self-acting. 

An'tO-mo'UlO (A'tS-mS'bll), a. Self-moving.— 
n. A self-moving vehicle. 

An-ton'O-my (a^Uhft'inf), n. Self-government. 

AntQP-iy (f/U(p^)> n. A post-mortem exami- 

Autumn (f^Qm), n. The season of the year be- 
tween summer and winter ; fall. — Au-tOlU'nal 
(a-tiim'nal), a. Of or belonging to autumn. 
az-U'lar (Agz-Tl'y8r), Aux-^^la-ry (-yi-rj^), a. 
Helping ; aiding ; subsidiary. — Aux-llta-xy, n. 
A helper ; an assistant ; a verb helping to form 
moods and tenses of other verbs; pi. foreign 
tooops in the service of a nation at war. 

A-Tall' (&-valO* V. t. [AvAiuo (-vald') ; Avail- 
zno.] To turn to the advantage of ; to profit ; 
to assist; to promote, —v. i. To lie of use or 
advantage; to answer the purpose. ^^n. Ad- 
▼antage ; benefit ; pi.- profits or proceeds. — 
A-TaU'a-ble (&-val'4-b*l), a. Profitable ; efflcar 
cioua. — A-Tall'a-blo-noas, A-Yall'a-bll'i-ty 
(-A-bni-tJ^), n. 

AT'a-lailollO' (Sv'A-IXnchO, n. A body of snow, 
ice, or earth sliding down a mountain. 

AT'a-riOO (Xv^&-rTs), n. Excessive love of money 
or gain : cupidity ; covetousness. — Av ' a - rl ' - 
Otons (-rTshnis}, a. Actuated by avarice ; 
greedy; parsimonious; miserly; niggardly. 

A-TUlt' (&-vAstO( inierj. Cease ; hold ; stop. 

A-TUUnt' (A-vuif or •vttnf), in/er;'. Begone. 

A-vonc*' {^^'^y)y V* '• [AviNOBD (-vSnjd'); 
AynrozHO.] To vindicate by punishing the 
wrongdoer. — A-Ttn'gtr, n. 

At'o-BUO (Sv^ShiII), ». An entnnoe ; a way ; a 
passage ; a wide street. 

A-TOr' (A-vSr'), V. t, [Atsbbid (-vSrd') ; Avxa- 
BiNO.I To declare positively ; to assert with 
confidence ; to affirm ; to protest ; to avouch. 

Av'tr-age (Sv'Sr-Aj), n. A contribution to a gen- 
eral loss ; a mean proportion ; a medial sum or 
quantity ; medium. — a. Medial ; relating to a 
mean. — v. t, [Avbbaosd (-&jd) ; Avxragino.] 
To reduce to a mean ; to proportion. » v. i. To 
be or form a medial sum or quantity. 

A-VOna' (A-vSra'), a. Turned away ; disinclined ; 
backward ; reluctant. — A-Ter'Slioil (-vSr'shttn), 
n. Opposition or repi^^nance of mind ; dislike ; 
contrariety of nature ; cause of repugnance. 

A-TOrt' (&-vert/), v.t.&i. To turn off or away. 

AM-a-ry (a'vl-t-rj^), n. A place for keeping 

A-Tldt-ty (&-vTd^-ty), n. Intense desire ; long- 
ing; eagerness. 

Av'O-oa'tlOB (Sv^i-ka^shtln), n. A calling aside, 
or diverting ; business that calls away. 

A-TOUI' (&-voidOt V, t. To keep at a distance from ; 
to make void ; to annul ; to defeat or evade (a 
plea). — V. i. To become void, vacant, or empty. 
— A-vold'a-blo (-Arb'i), a. — A-Told'auM 

(-ans), n. An avoiding, annulling, or becoming 
vacant ; state of being vacant. — A-VOld'or, n. 
Av'oir-du-pols' (Sv'Sr-dtt-poizOt n.&a. A system 
of weights in wliich a pound contains 16 ounces. 

A-VGUOb' (i-VOUCh')» V. t. [AVOUCHKD (i-vouchf) , 

AvoucHmo.] To declare positively; to main- 
tain ; to affirm ; to assert ; to support. 

A-VOW' (A-vou'), V. t. [Avowed (-voudO ; Avow- 
ZNO.] To declare openly ; to own ; to acknowl- 
edge. — A-TOW'al, n. Open or frank declara- 
tion. — A-TOW'Od-ly (-8d-13^), adv. Openly, 

A-walt' (^watO, V. t. To wait, or look out, 
for ; to expect ; to be in store for ; to be ready 

A-wake' (&-wak'), v. t. & i. limp. Awokx (-wSk') 
or AwAUBD (-w5kf); p. p. Awakbo; p. pr. 
Awaking.] To rouse from sleep, or from death, 
stupidity, or inaction. — a. Not sleephig ; wake- 
ful. — A-wak'on (A-wSk^'n), V. t. & i. To 
rouse from sleep ; to excite ; to stir up ; to wake. 

A-ward' (&-wftrd'), V. t. To give by judicial de- 
termination ; to adjudge ; to decree. —v. i. To 
determine; to make an award.— n. A judg- 
ment, sentence, or final decision. 

A-ware' (A-wftr^), a. Watchful ; cognisant. 

ArWKf (A-waOf adv. Absent ; at a distance. 

AWO (ft), n. Profound fear, with admiration or 
reverence ; dread ; veneration. — v. A. [Awbd 
(ftd); Awing (fting).] To strike with fear and 
reverence. — Aw^fol {.W^V^\ «• Striking with 
awe ; filling with fear and admiration. 

A-WOath'or (A-wStii'Sr), adv. On the weather 
side, or toward the wind ; — opposed to alee. 

A-Wbllo' (&-hwflOt adv. For a short time. 

Awk'ward (]|k'wSrd), a. Without skill ; bun- 
gling ; clumsy ; uncouth. — Awk^waxd-ly* adv. 

Awl (al), n. A tool to pierce holes. 

Awn (ffu), n. The beard of grain, grasses, etc. 

Hot neontv Arb, rgdo, f^ Urn, food, f^t, out, oll« oliair, (o, aias, auk, than, tliiB. 


AWBlBf (ii/InK), n. A emu fi 

A-wrr <*-*), o- & ad". Tumod 

wud one tide ; uqulnt. 
iX ma). 4z>, 1- An edgBd K 

tion; imuim; an adige. — AZ'l-O-mil'la (-1- 
S-mlc^k), Az't«-iiut'lo-al (-!-kal), n. Fei. 

2ll (tta'/t), fi. Tlw lineonvbh^ •bod; n- 

v2 fiAOOAGB 

r All* (IkiH), AZ'1»4tW (-trC), 
— a woni eiLptvuing j 

wnCiniully.' ' 

propo^ A-u1a-i (i-ii'lt-t). n. A 

of dowftriiw pLi 
(tiB rtiododend 

,- ..- i^hui). 

OlBikj-blngi cenileui.- 



Bu (bH), n. TbacTyot (beep. — t. 1. To bliat. 

Bib^ls (blb^-I). t. i. [BimiLui (blb^1d}i 
BimRUHo-l ToUlk Idly; (fl prattle; to ilut- 
ler. — V. (. Toultar.— n. Idle talk ; unmHn- 
ing worde. — B*bn>la ('bier), n. An Idle 
tilkBr ; a thnulLlike, cballeriDg bird. 

Bt-by ^"b}), B. An i 

(-hSM), n. BUteelbi 

a. I^kenbaby; chU< 

Bioli's^IaT <bCcb'«-l«r), 

(bSki) : ■ 


T hinder part of ft 
tha p«t oppoH 

a right — o. I 

re or go bark — Buk'n, n. 
V (barblf ), i>. I. S (. To iliiadeT [u 
iwnon). — Baok'Ut'n, n. 

•> (hSk'bSn'}, n. The iplne ; firmneu. 

BMk'(UB'm<m(hKk'kliii'DB),n. Agame pbirsd 

UDon Alable, wHb dice and "mfln.'^ 
Bao'tMBDd' (ba'gn)uiid')i ». Oronnd in the 
Bngk'iuuid'ad" bik'hlnd'sl)', a. W<tb the hand 

b«k; with tlie buk downward ; In put tima ; 
loaratsrH manner; contrarily. — B«olt'w«4, 
a. Unwilling: dull; behmdhand. — Buk^ 


-BftOk'mift-nMi. n. 

,__k'wi»da'), n. ForeHeornenly 

■red lands on the fronliert. ^Baok'woods'- 

_ .jniM^D^X H^™flBah,. 
and dried, uaiially in amoke. 


mlcroacopUj nntable OTguiim.— BM-tfrlml'- 

HT (-in%-jf ), «. Study of bHsterlii. 
Bll (Md), a. [Woui (wOn) ; Wdut (wOnt).} 

Wanllng goodqualltieii aiU; Ul; Tlcioiii. — 

Bal^, arfc— BitliiM.n- 
B>d (bXd). B«lll, 4nu>. & p. p. of Bm, c. I. 
BdlnCbU). n, A ^Uinctive mark or aign. 
Bidrar OJij'Sr), "■ A tami.oH— ■ 

■ c. f. [BiDODUD (-ird); B. 
), tJ.'l, ToSude by artlfioBi 


Buk'HOtf (bi 
^VtUa^ Tt 

to ani^tije. — Buk'iUO'n, n^ 
Bwk'wua |b«k'w? - - -- 

«, e, I, s, o, loDsi A, «, I, A, o, :f, d 

Btr(bJlg),n. AearK; aponcb; apnne.-w.*. 
[Baoobd(W^); B.001N0.] To put in a b»g^ 

' BlC'flnC. n- Material for bagK 
]|Ba-|UM' (b*-||Ia'). n, Sugar cane oraabed in 

- 1 l;Bir'i-tgli»' (blg'A-tfl'). n, A tiifle; a gam* 
; i^b balla on a board baling holei at ana end, 

t i MnIM, tnnt, tdH, Obey, Onlte, cAn, ana. bk, «ll, ObA 

BM<llP«(b>B^), »■ Aft 

A plAVflT OD 4 Hfpipa. 

BtU (Ml), »- 4 »«>op 
for r«moT]Dg WKt«r 

[BuLiD (bad); BuL- 
iHitO ToUde; to dip I 

Ball tbil), ». Opa wbo I 
ritj for 



heat — Bii'BT, n. — B«keTion»»' (■hou»'), n. 
A houae tor bikiiig. — Blk'WT (bak'ir-*), n. 
The EradH ol a baker ; a bakehouw. — Bti^ilig, 
n. The quantity baked at once. 
Bal'UUtI (bU^aoa), n. A. woiffhing apparmtua ; a 
pair 0] Bcalea | equlpoUe ; Uie amount ueeded 

toii»c,ctilBdlAI»-a. — v.l. [BauNciD(-aiut); 

tliQ4t«; to adJUAt 


~7halr, fBiihen, toliiKe, etc.) rdesUtiiU 
kNd',{-ii«d'), BUfviM (-pit'), n. 'o 


-t (bak). n. 

aal beaid, n 

n jargon ; Tibaldry. 
ndle of goods corded iortranB- 
To put up (goods) tn a bEile. 

timber ; a hlndrai 

V.I. [Balud (biikt) i 

)' ffiBT]" 

Bltt-T (hsk'J), a. 
body I a globe; ■ bullet; 


B*ll {bil), n. AMMEnlawmUrtordanefu. 
Bll1ad(U11ad). n. A narratlTe gong. 
BiaiUt (bll'loat), n. Beav; materuT put InUi ■ 

the bed olai^lroaif — c, (, To load or fnroii£ 

gUOet' (bUll' or bUIMt), n. A theatrioJ siM- 

BaMoon' [MD-loonO, D. AUght kg. Hlled iriUi 

Ballot (baifit). n. A 

voting ; act or Byotem r 
of »eciet.oOiig; num- \ 

[Balloted | Buior- S 

inatio p1aD't;'tha odor- % 
iferoua aap of canain if, 

treea ; fragrant o i d t - ^ 

with ' bahn. — Balm'y ^ 
IbBin'JJ.a. Jhinuiti * 
■ oothlng ; prodnciug BaUoon. 

Bll-moi'll (UO-mCr'ol), «. A long noolea petti. 

coat ; a high laced walking ahoe, 
Bil'aun (l^'Him), n. An aronutic realDOlu lub- 

utanco; a tootlilna medicinal miilure. 
BaltuttsKbHtlB-tSr),!!. A imall pillar nipport- 

ing a raUlng. — Bll'U'tllde' (-tnd')i n- A 

raw of baluaten joined by a rail. 
Buu-lMO( (bXm-bSoOi ft- A tropicul plant of the 
Bam-liop'ila' (Mm-boyi'l), o. (. To play tricto 

Band (blod), n. Anything that bindi; ■ belt; 

BuUl'(t*(b(nd11), n. A fillet.— v. I. To hind 

with a bandage. 
Ban-Aen'iui (Hii-dIn'*).Bt]i-diii1. n. Allgnnd 

Baal'biii' ( blnd'hOu' ), n.' A paper box for 

bands, capa, etc. 
Bail'ai-D00t(l^bi'dT-ka6t), fi. AlBTgeratorindla 

b, q|da, 1^ am, UM, titbt, oat, oil, ubair, CO, aliic, i: 




Banftty (b&iMJ), n. A dub bent at one end, for 
striUng a ball ; a hockey stick ; the game thus 
played ; hockey ; shinny. » v. t. [Bahdixd 
(-did) ; Bandtimo.] To beat (a ball, words, 
etc.) to and fro ; to toes about ; to exchange. — 
a. Bent ; crooked. -^ Ban'dy-lOKgad'' (-legdO) 
a. Having crooked legs. 

Bane (ban), n. Deadly poison ; mischief ; ruin ; 
destruction. — Banernl (-fyl), a. Having poi- 
sonous qualities ; noxious. 

Bang (bSng), V. L [Banobd (bSngd) ; BAHono.] 
To beat ; to thump. — n. A heavy blow. 

Bang (bl^g), V. L To cut (the human forelock, 
a horse's tail, etc.) squarely across. — n. Hair 
cut square and combed over the forehead { a 
false front of hair. 

Same as Bhahs, n. 

-ySu'), n. A Hindoo mer- 
chant ; a morning gown ; ttie Indian fig tree. 
See Banyan. 

Ban'lsll (bSnlsh), V. U [Banished (-tsht) ; Ban- 
iBRiNo.j To exile ; to drive away ; to expeL — 
Ban^U-monti n. Expulsion ; exile. 

Ban'lB-tor (bSuOts-tSr), n. A baluster. 

Ban'jo (bSi/j^), n. A stringed musical Instra- 
ment, resembling both guitar and tamborine. 

Bask (bSnk), n% A ridge of earth ; a steep ac- 
clivity ; an elevation in the sea ; a fiat ; a shoal ; 
a ledge of coal. — v. t. [Banknd (bSnkt) ; 
Ba HKIN0.1 To raise a mound about ; to inoloBe ; 
to embank ; to heap or pile up. 

Bask (bSnk), n. A bench (for rowers in a galley, 
judges in court, etc.) ; a row of keys in an organ. 

Bask (bSnk), n. A place for deposit and ex- 
change of money ; sum of money ; a fund. — 
V. /. To deposit in a bank.— v. i. To keep a 
bank ; to deposit (money) in a bank. — Bask'tr, 
fi. One who manages a tMuik. — Bask'a-Uo, a. 
Receivable at a bank. — Baskftng, n. The 
business of a bank or banker. 

Bank'rapt (bSnk'rttpt), n. One who cannot pay 
his debts. — a. Insolvent. — v. t. To br»Etk in 
trade; to render insolvent. — Bank'mpt-ey 
(-Bj^), n. State of being bankrupt ; insolvency. 

Banker (bSn'nSr), n. A military ensign ; a stand- 
ard ; a pennon ; a flsf 

Banns (bSnz), Notice of a proposed mar- 

Ban'qnot ( bSn^cwSt ), n. An entertainment — 
V. t. & i. [Banqubtbo ; Banquntino.] To 

Ban'tam (bSn'tom), n. A small variety of fowl, 
with feathered legs. 

Ban'ter (bSn'tSr), v. t. To rally ; to joke ; to ridi- 
cule. •— n. Humorous raillery ; pleasantry. 

BanfUng (bSnfllng), n. A small child ; an in- 

Ban'yan (bSn'yon or bXn-j^b/), n. The Indian 
fig tree, whose branches take root and form new 
stocks, covering many hundred feet in circum- 

Ba'0-liab (ME'ft-bXb), fi. An African tree, the 
largest faaown tree. 

Bas'tlim (bIpaTi*m% n. A baptLring ; applic*. 
aon of water to a person, as a religious cere- 
mony. — Bap-tU^mal (-tTz'mal), oTFertaining 
to baptism. — Bap^tist (-tist), n. One who ad- 
ministers baptism ; one who allows the baptism 
of adults only, and that by immersion. — Bap* 
tlza' (-tix'), V. t. To administer the sacrament 
of baiptismto ; to christen. — Bap-tiz'-ar, n. 

Bar (bar), n. A bolt; a barrier; an obstacle; 
an inclosure in an inn, court of justice, etc. ; 
the body of lawyers ; a tribunal ; a division of 
the staff in music. —v. L [Babbbd (bSrd); 
Barbing.] To fasten with a biar ; to shut out ; 
to except ; to cross with lines or stripes. 

Baxll (bSrb), ft. The beard, or that which resem- 
bles it ; a point standing backward in an arrow, 
fishhook, etc. r- v. t. To furnish (an . arrow, 
hook, etc.) with barbs. 

Bail) (bSrb), n. The Barbery horse, introduced 
into Spain by the Moors ; a kind of pigeon. 

BarnMl-mui (bar'b&-rii8), a. Uncivilized or sav- 
age ; rude ; cruel ; ferocious. — Bar-bafrl-an 
(-ba'rT-an), n. An uncivilised man ; a savage. 
•— a. Uncivilised ; cruel. — Bai-barlo (-bSr^k), 
a. Foreign ; rude ; unrefined. — Bax-baxt-qT 
(-bSrT-tf ), n. Savage state ; cruelty. 

BarHMl (bar'bSl), n. A small process appended to 
the mouth of certain fishes; a fresh-water fish. 

BarHlMr (biu/bSr), n. One whose business is to 
shave the beard and cut and dress the hair. 

Barlrar-ry (biir'bfir-rj^), n. A hedge plant. 

Bard (bard), n. A Celtic minstrel ; a poet. 

Bare- (bftr), a. Without covering ; naked ; with 
head uncovered ; empty ; unfurnished ; mere ; 
simple. —V. /. [Babeo (bftrd); Babino.] To 
strip off the covering of ; to make naked. — 
Barely, adv. Only ; merely ; nakedly. — Bare'- 
laoed' (-fast'), a. With the face uncovered ; 
without concealment; shameless; impudent. 
-^ Barefoot (-fd6t), a. & adv. With the feet 
bare ; without shoes or stockings. 

Bar'galn (biu/g6n), n. An agreement concerning 
sale of propOTty ; a stipulation ; a satisfactory 
transaction. -— v. L [Baboainkd (-gSnd) \ Bak- 
OAiNiNa.] To transfer for a oonsFderation. » 
V. i. To nu^ a contract ; to agree. 

Barge (b&rj), n. A large boat ; a large omnfbas. 

Barl-tone, a. & n. See Barttonk. 

Bark (bSrk), n. The exterior covering of a tree ; 
the rind. — v. t. [Barksd (bSrkt) ; Babxino.] 
To strip the bark 
from ; to girdle ; to 
peel ; to cover or in- 
close with bark. 

Bark (bi£rk), n. The 
noise made by a dog. 
— V. {. To make the 
noise of dogs; to 

Bazk (b&rk), Barque, 
n. A three-masted 
vessel, having fore 
and main masts rigged as a ship, and mixien as 
a schooner ; any small veaseL 


0, fi, 1, «•«• long s *, 6, 1, ft, «, ^, short ; ittiAte, «v«nt, tdea, 6bey, finite, oAra, iinn, Aik, iD, flBol, 




Borlay (bar^^), n. A grain of the grass kind, 
used for food and for making malt. — Bax'ley- 
com' (-kdm'), n. A grain of barley ; tiie third 
part of an inch. 

Baxm ( barm ), n. Foam on. fermenting malt 
liquors ; yeast. — Bazm'y {-f), a. Containing 
barm or yeast. 

Barn (l^m), n. A building for storing grain, 
hay, etc. ; a stable for cattle or horses. 

Baz'na-Ola (b&/n&-kn), n. A kind of shellfish 
adhering to rocks, timber, etc. 

Bar'na-Ola (bSr^nft-kM), n. A bemicle goose. 

Bar'lia-GleB (bar'n&-k'lz), n. pi. Nippers put on 
a horse's nose to confine him ; spectacles. 

Ba-rom'e-tar (b&-r5m'$-tSr), n. An instrument 
showing the weight of the atmosphere, to indi- 
cate claanges of weather or height of an ascent. 
— Bar^o-mefxlo (bSr'^-mfit'rTk), Bar'o-met'- 
ric-al (-r¥-kal), a. Pertaining to the barometer. 

Baz'OJl (bSr'fin), n. The lowest English title of 
nobility ; one between a viscount and a baronet 
in rank. — Baz'on-aga (-^-naj), n. The whole 
body of barons or peers ; the estate or dignity of 
a baron. — Baz'Oll-OSS (-&n-Ss), n. A baron's 
wife ; a lady holding the baronial title in her 
own right. — Ba-ro'^-al (b4-r6'nT-«l), a. Be- 
longing to a baron or barony. — Bar'O-ny (bfir'- 
t-r^)t n. Lordship or fee of a baron. 

BflUr'on-at (bSr'd-nSt), n. A dignity or d^^ of 
honor next below a baron and above a knight. 
— Bar'on-Ot-oy (-1^, n. Bank of a baronet. 

Ba-rouche' (b&^ro&sh'), n. A four-wheeled car- 
riage with falling top, and two seats inside. 

Bar^no (bark), n. Same as Bask, a vessel. 

Bar'rack (bSr'rak), n. A house for soldiers, es- 
pecially in garrison ; a movable roof, to cover 
hay, etc. —v.L& i. To lodge in barracks. 

Bax'rel (bSr'rSl), n. A round, bulgy vessel or 
cask ; the quantity which such a vessel contains ; 
any hollow cylinder or tube. — v. t, [Barbbled 
(-relch or Babrblleo ; Babbblino or Babbbl- 
LiMO. J To put or pack in a barrel. 

Bax'reil (bSr'rfin), a. Unfruitful; scanty; dull; 
empty. — n. An unproductive tract of land. 

Bar'zl-Gade' (bSr'rT-kad'), n. A defensive forti- 
fication ; any bar or means of defense. —v. t. 
To fortify ; to stop up (a passage, etc.). 

Bax'ri-ar (bSr'rT-8r), n. A fence to stop an en- 
emy ; an obstruction ; a limit or boundary. 

Baz'tll-ter' (bSr^rTs-tSr), n, A counselor qualified 
to plead at the bar. 

Bazfroom' (bar'rSom^), n, A room containing a 
bar, or counter, for the sale of liquors. 

Bartow (bSr'ri^, n. A portable carrl^e. 

BarYOW (bSr'ri), n. A hog, esp. a castrated hog. 

Bax'ZOW (bSr'rd), n. A mound of earth, over the 
remains of the dead ; a heap of rubbish. ' 

Bar'ter (bar^tSr), V. i. & t. [Babtebeo (-tSrd) ; 
Babtbbino.] To excliange in the way of traffic. 
— n. Exchange of commodities ; dealing ; truck. 

Bar^y-tone (bSrT-tOn), Barl-tone, a. Grave, and 
deep, as a voice. — n. A baiytone voice. 

Ba-iailt' (b&-8^tO) »• A rock of igneous origin, 
very luutl and usually of a greenish-black color. 

Baae (bSs), a. Low in origin, rank, value, etc. ; 

in sound [generally 

bast, in this sense]. 

— n. The bottom ; 

a foundation ; a ped- r 

estal ; the principal ] 

Chemical element of Base. 

a compound ; the 

lowest part in music [generally bass, in this 

sense]. — v. t. [Basbd (bast) ; Basino.I To put 

on a base or pedestal ; to found. — BaiO^y, 

adv. In a base manner ; illegitimately. — Basa'- 

noia, n. — Baseless, a. without foundation. 

Base'ball' (bSs'bftlO, n. A game of ball, wherein 
four bases designate the circuit each player 
must make after striking the ball. 

BasonMm' (baa^bdm^), a. Bom of low parentaga 
or out of wedlock. 

Base'ment (basement), n. The lower story of a 

Ba-Sliaw' '(b&-sh^'), ». A title of honor in the 
Turkish dominions. [Usually written jemijAo.] 

Basb'fal (bSsh'ful), a. Easily abashed ; shy. 

Bas'l-llsk (bSzO-lTsk), n. A fabulous serpent, 
called a cockatrice ; a crested genus of lizards. 

Ba'sln (ba's'n^, n. A hollow vessel, dish, or 
pool ; tt pona ; a dock ; a valley. 

Ba'sls (ba'sTs), n. Foundation ; baae ; support. 

Bask (b&sk), V. i. [Basked (b&skt) ; Basking.] 
To lie in warmth. •— v. t. To warm. 

Bas'ket (b&sncSt), n. A vessel made of twigs, or 
other flexible material, interwoven; the con> 
tents of a basket. 

Baste-llef (btt^r^-lefQ, a. Low relief; sculp- 
ture in which the figures are slightly raised 
above the g^und work. 

Bass (b&s), ». A food fish, of many species. 

Bass (b&sS, n. The linden, or lime tree. 

Bass (bas), n. The lowest part in a musical com- 
position. —a. Grave or deep in tone. 

Bas-SOOn' (bSs-soon'), n. A musical wind instru- 
ment with holes stopped by the fingers. 

Bass' Tl'Ol (bas' vi^til). A stringed instrument 
for placing the bass part ; the violoncello. 

Baste (bast), V. t. To beat ; to cudgel ; to put 
fiour. salt, and butter on (meat) in roasting. 

Baste (bast), V. t. To sew slightly, or with long 

Bas^ti-nade' (bSs^tt-nSdO, Bas^tl-na'do (-nSMd), 
n. A beating, esp. on the soles of the feet, with 
a cudgel. — v. t. To beat on the feet. 

Bat (bSt), n. A heavy club, used in playing ball ; 
a sheet of cotton for filling quilts ; a piece of a 
brick. — v. t. [Batted; Batting.] To strike 
with a bat ; to beat. — Bat'ter, Bats'mail (bSts'- 
man), n. One holding the bat in games of ball. 

Bat (bSt), n. A fiying, insectivorous mammal. 

Batch (bfich), n. The quantity of bread baked 
at one time ; a business dispatched at once ; a 
quantity of similar things. 

Bate (bat), v. t. To lessen ; to abate. 

f Sm, recent, drb, r^de, f ^, Am, food, f cToti out, oil, cluiir, 90* siiiB, iQk, tben, tbiiL 




iBa-tetn' (b&-t90, ». ; pi- Bactaux (-tSi^). A 

long, light boat. 

Bath (bSth), n. A Hebrew measure. 

Bath (b&th). n. A place to bathe in ; a washing. 

Bathe (bStfa), v. t. [Bathkd (bStiid) ; Bathoio.] 
To wash ; to moisten with a liquid. — v. i. To 
be, or lie, in a bath. — n. Immersion of the 
body in water ; a bath. — Bath'tr (l»tii'8r), n. 

Bat'on {B, bSfiln; F, ba'tdN')> Ba-tOOIl' (bA- 
toon'), n. A staff or truncheon. 

Bat-tal'lom (bfit-ttl'yiin), n. A body of infantry 

Batten (bXtt*n), v, t, & i. [Battuod (-t'nd) ; 
Battbniho.] To fatten ; to glut. 

Batten (bSf t'n), n. A narrow piece of board, or 
scantling, —-v. t. To fasten with battens. 

Batter (bSf tSr), v, t. [Battbbko (-tSrd) ; Bat- 
TBRiNa.] To beat repeatedly ; to bruise ; to de- 
molish. — n. A mixture of several semi-liquid 
ingredients, beaten together, for cookery. 

Batter (bSt'tSr), n. One who holds the bat in 
ball games. 

Batter-y (bSttSr-y), n. A battering; a place 
where cannon are mounted ; a body of cannon 
collectively ; an apparatus for generating elec- 
tricity ; the unlawful beating of another. 

Bat'tlni^ (bSftTng), n. Cotton or wool in sheets. 

Battle (bftftU), n. A fight ; an encounter ; an 
action ; a combat, —v. i. & t. To contend. 

Battle-doox^ (bSf tU-dor^), n: A light, fattened 
bat. to strike a shuttlecock. 

Baftie-ment (bfif t*l-ment), n. 
An indented parapet, sur- 
mounting a wall. 

Baiia>le (b^k'b'i), Bawa>le,n. A 
trifling piece of finery ; a gew- 
gaw; a trinket; a fool's club. 

Bawl (bftl), V. i, & t, [Bawlbo 
(bf^d) ; Bawling.] To call 
out loudly; to cry. — n. A 
loud cry ; an outcry. 

Bay (ba), a. Red or reddish ; — 
applied to the color of horses. 

Bay (l»), n. An inlet of the 
sea ; a recess in a wall ; a compartment in a 
bam for depoeiting hay ; mahogany wood (from 
Campeachy Bay). 

Bay (ba), n. The laurel tree; an honorary 
crown, anciently made of branches of laurel. 

Bay (Im), V. i. [Bated (bSd) ; Batino.] To bark, 
as a dog at his game.— v. t. To bark at; to 
bring to bay. — n. Prolonged barking ; a state 
of being obliged to face an enemy or a difficulty, 
when escape is impossible. 

Bay (ba), n. A bank or dam. — v. t To dam 
(water) up or back. 

Baytier-rv (bS'b6r-rj^), n. The fruit, also the 
plant, of the bay tree, and of the wax myrtle. 

Bay'e-net (bi^^-nSt), n. A dagger-like instru- 
ment fitted to the muzzle of a gun. — v. t, [Bat- 
OKSTKD ; Batonetino.I To stab with a bayonet. 

Bayon (bP5o), n. An inlet from a lake, river, etc. 

Bay' nini'(ba' rlimO* A fn^prant liquor for the 
toilet, etc. 


Bay lalV (bS' sfilf ). Bait obtained from ae» 
water, by evaporation. 

Bay' tree' (bi^ trS'). A species of laurel. 

Bay' Wln'dow (bi' wtn'ds). A window forming 
a bay or recess in a room. 

Ba-zaax' (bA-zXr'), Ba-zar', n. An Eastern mar. 
ket place, or assemblage of shops; a hall or 
suite of rooms, or a fair for selling fancy goods. 

Be (bS), V. «. \imp. Was (w8i) ; p. p, Bibm (bTn) ; 
p. mr. Bung.] To exist. 

Beacn (bSch), n. A sandy or pebbly shore; 
a strand. — v. L To run (a boat) upon a beach. 

Bea'COn (bSnc*n), n. A signal fire ; a warning. 

Bead (bed), ft. A little perforated ball, strung on 
thread. —v. t. To ornament with beads. — 
Bead'ln^, n. Molding in Imitation of beads. 

Bea'dle (be/dU), n. A messenger or crier of a 
court ; an inferior parish officer. 

Bea'gle (bS'g'l), n. A small hound. 

Beak (bek), n. The bill or nib of a bird, turtle, 
etc. —Beaked (bSkt), a. Having a beak; 

Beak'er (bek'Sr), n. A drinking cup. 

Beam (bSm), n. A large timber ; a piece of the 
framework of a house, ship, plow, engine, etc. ; 
breadth of a ship ; a ray or gleam (of light). — 
V, t, [Bbamkd (bemd); Bbaming.] To send 
forth ; to emit. —v. i» To shine. — Beam'y, a. 
Radiant ; heavy, like a beam ; massy. 

Bean (ben), n. A leguminous plant, and its seed, 
of many varieties. 

Bear (bfir), v. t. [imp. BoBX (bSr) (formerly 
Barb (bfo*)) ; p. p. Boen (bdm), Bornb ; p. pr. 
Bbaring.^ To support; to bring forth (chil- 
dren, fruit, etc.); to carry; to suffer. —v. t. 
To suffer ; to produce ; to press ; to refer ; to 
be situated. — Bear'a-ble, a. Endurable ; tol- 
erable. — Bear'er, n. — Bearing, n. Deport- 
ment ; mien ; support ; ttedency. 

Bear (bfir), n. A plantigrade, carnivorous quad- 
ruped; a stock oro- 
ker interested to de- 
press prices; a surly, 
fellow. -~ V. i. To 
depress (prices of 
stock, etc.\ — Beai'- 
lak, a. Like a bear 
in manners or tem- 

ejr ; surly ; rude. — 
ear*s'-loot' (bfirz'- 

f d6t/), n. A plant of 

the Hellebore family. 
Beard (berd), n. The hair growing on the face 

of men ; stiff hairs on a plant ; awn. — v. t. To 

pull the beard of ; to set at defiance. 
Bear'er, Bear'lnK, n. See under Beab, v. t. 
Beast (bSst), n. An irrational animal ; a brute ; 

a brutal person. — Beastty, a. Pertaining to 

or like a beast ; brutal ; filthy ; disgusting. 
Beat (bet), t*. t. limp. Beat ; p. p. Bbat, Bbatkh 

(be't'n) ; p. pr. Beating.] To strike repeatedly ; 

to outdo ; to surpass ; to overcome ; to conquer. 

— v.t. To strike ; to dash ; to throb ; topnlaate. 

— n. A blow ; a stroke ; a round or ooorae ; a 

Black Bear. 

S, S, I, S, O, long ; ft, «, 1, 5, «, tf "hort ; eenAte, (rent, tdel^ 6bey, fi]lit^ oAra, firm, «d^ 

B»«alD' (M-kUm'), 

ropiid ; hla tur ; B hat, also ■ heiTT cloth, mids 

Bm'tsi (bS'vir), n. Die f nnt place ul ■ hslmet, 

proteotiuff tha fmco. 
— —_.,,..,.„..., . r,. (-ktUnd') 

1^, imp, of BicoH. 
J*'(b*-kM'),miij. By or for tha MUM 01 
ntlnti lot; liam; us. 
— y (bt-cliin»^, n. (. To beWl; to luLp- 

(baVfi. AamaUbrook. 

(bCk),v,C [BBUD<bektj; BioiiHS.^ To 

I ; to sign irith lh« bwd or bu>d. — v, I. To 


[BEaAKi(-kEiu'): Bi- 

— Bc^imi'lng, a. Ap- 

euth! tlw bottom of 

>MDi BiDDISa.] To 

Bad'dlnc, n.' ilMo- 

m'bsr (-rhSfn'bar), n. 

A room lor sleephiK in. — Befl'olotlies' (-klBthn' 

bed. — B^^A'iaw(-m'ie).'i. One whoilnpB 

netlfT by i nod. — n. A nod oi 

BMk'm (b«k^'n), v.i.&,i. [Be 

-riHO.] To^'— ■- 

Id ths umo bad with uotlieT. — Btd'gleay 
(-Pb'). BM'Vlat*' (-plif}, n. A fonaduion 
piece or Inune mppoitlng ■ machine. — Btd'- 
aaUf (-kwTlf ), n. A coTeilet. — Balaam' 
(■rBam'i, ». A ■laetdoH »n»rtmanl. — Bed'- 
AilV i-uA'), n. The aida o[ a bed. -B«d'- 

nnad' {-etdrSd'), n. A covarlat ; a bedqulU 

Ml*ma,\-am,n. A framawoik eupportluc 
■ bed. — BidtliA' (-tIkO.n. A alotli bug, in- 
olodug uuleiiala of a bad. ~ BM'tlmV (-tlu'), 

Bt^b^lbtXi'D'D.e.l. [Bui>SBLi£(-b1d)i 

BmumHe.] ToBpriukle ; to wtt. 
Bt^UnV (bi^), 0. I. [BmaniKD <-d(,bd'); 

ButDBWo.! To HneH i to aail ; to dkub onr. 
Bt-OMk' (bWtt'), V. I. [BmicMD (-dBkf ) ; 

BiDicuKa.] Todeck; toomunnil; toadotn. 
B»dSW (b*-du'l, V. I. [B»D«w«D (.dudn ; Ba- 

DKWiHB.I To molBteD, aa with dew. 

an, t. 1. [BiDumiD (-drmdOi 
To make dim i todar'-— 


— .— Arnbe of Arabia and Africa. 
•d1U'(bXd'rId'],B*d11ft'lan(-d'D},a. Coo- 
fluad to tha bed by age or Inflmuty. 
BM(b{).n. A (Dor-winged inaect of many apeciaa; 
an aaaemblage of persom who labor (or tba 
bemfltolaDlndlTldual. — Bee^Md' (be^r«d')< 
n. Tha pollen of flowera, collected by beet, aa 

J. fim, Itfiid, IMt, out, oil, cluit, go. 



Been (VSn),p,jh of Bb. 

Bdtr (bCr)t n. ▲ fermented liquor mafde frpm 
malt with hops. 

Bo«t (bSt), n. A. plant, having a aucculent root 
usea for food and for making sugar. 

Bee'tle (bSt'l), n. A mallet or wooden hammer. 
— V, t. To beat with a mallet ; to produce fig- 
ures (in metal, etc.) by such beating. 

Beetle (be't'l), n. A coleopterous insect haying 
four wings, the outer pair being stiff ca a oe for 
coyering the others when folded up. 

Beetle (be't'l), v. i. To extend out ; to jut. 

Beeve (bSy), n. A bull, ox, or cow. See Bbkt. 

Be-fall' (bi-f al') , v. t. limp. Bxfbll (-fSlO » P- P' 
Betallbn (-fftl^n) ; p. pr, Betaluno.] To hap- 
pen to ; to occur to. —v. t. To come to pass; 
to happen. 

Be-flt' (b$-fTtO» V. t. To be suitable ; to become. 

Be-lore' (b^-f 5r0i prep. In front of; preceding; 
in presence or sight of; facing; in the power 
of.^atfv. On the fore part; in time preced- 
ing; already. 

Be-f ore'liaiid' (bt-fSrHiXndOi adv. Preyiously. — 
a. Well provided. 

Be-fonl' (bi-foulOi v. U To make foul ; to soil ; 
to dirty. 

Be-fzlend' (b^-frSndO* v. I. To treat or serve as 
a friend; to favor; to aid; to countenance. 

Beg (b^ or l»)» A* A Turkish governor of a 
town or district ; a bey. 

Beg (b6g), V. t. [Bkoobd (b6gd) ; BMonro.] To 
ask earnestly ; to entreat ; to implore ; to be- 
seech; to supplicate.— V. i. To aak alms; to 
solicit favor or charity. 

Be-gan', imp. of Bsonr. 

Be-gef (b«-g8f), V. t. [imp. Bnor (-gStO (Bb- 
OAT (-gStO) archaic) ; p. p. Baoor, BiGomv 
(•gSft'n) ; p. pr. Bkobttino.] To procreate <nr 
generate ; to get ; to produce. — Be-getter, n. 

Beg'gar (bSg'ger), n. One who begs or lives by 
begging i a mendicant. — v. L [Bbooabbd 
(-gSrd) ; BaooABmo.] To reduce to beggary ; 
to exhaust.— -Beg'gar-ly (-g3r-iy), a. In the 
-xmdition of a beggar ; mean ; poor. » adv. 
Meanly. — Beg^gax-J (-gSr-^), n. Indigence. 

Be-gln' (b«-gTn'), V. i. limp. Bboan (-g*nQ; 

£. p. Bboub (-gfin') ; p. pr. BBoiNBXNa/] To 
ke rise ; to commence ; to do the first act ; to 
take the first step, -i- v. t. To commence. — 
Be-glnlier, n. — Be-glntLing, n. The first 
cause; origin; source. 

Be-gone^ (bl-gOn'), interj. Go away ; depart. 

Be-got', Be-got'ten, tmp. &p. p. of Bbobt. 

Be-gnile' (bc-gil'), v. t. [Bbouilbd (-gild') ; Bb> 
ouiLiNO.] To delude by artifice ; to fmpcwe on ; 
to cheat ; to insnare ; to amuse. — Be-gvUe'- 
ment, n. A deceiving. — Be-gnil'er, n. 

llBe'pilim (bS'giim or bS'gtlm), n. An East India 

Be-gnn', p.i>. of Bboin. 

Be-fiaU' (be-hiif'), n. Advantage ; favor ; bene- 
fit; interest; defense. 

Be-have' (bi-hav'), v, I. [Bbhavbd (-havdO; 
Bbbavino.] To carry ; to conduct ; to manage ; 

todemean.— v.i. To act; to bear or carry one'a 
self. — Be-]iaTtor (-hSv'ySr), n. ICanner of 
behavinff ; conduct ; deportment. 

Be-head' (M-bSd'), v. t. To sever the hea4 from ; 
to take off the head of ; to decapitate. 

Be-held', imp. & p. p. of Bbbold. 

Be^e-motll (be^t-mSth), fi. An tnimal de- 
scribed in Job xL 15-24. 

Be-heat' (b#-h6sf), n. Command ; faijunction. 

Be-]ll]ld'(b^hIndO, prep. At the back of; on 
the other side of ; inferior to. — adv. At or to- 
wards the rear ; past. — Be-lllndluuid' (-hSnd^), 
a. In arrear. 

Be-hold' (bi-hSldOt v. t, & i. [imp. & p. p. 
Behblo (-hSld'); (p. p. formerly Bbboldbn 
(h51d'*n), now used only as a.) ; p. pr. Bbbold- 
IBO.I To look at attentively ; to regard. ~Be- 
hold'en (-h51d'*n), a. Obliged; indebted. 

Being (bS^ng), p. pr. of Bb. ^n. Existenee in 
fact or in thought ; that which exists. 

Be-latwr (b^-lS'b^r), v. i. To thump ; to beat. 

Be-late' CbMStOt v. t. To make late. 

Be-la7^ (b^-150f V, I. [Bblated (-ISd^) ; Bblat- 
ZNO. J To make fast (a rope) by winding it around 
something. — Belaying pin. A pin, on shipe, 
etc., round which ropes are wound. 

BelOh (beich), V. t. A i. [Bblcrbo (bSlcht); 
Bblching.] To throw up (wind) nom the 
stomach — n. A belching; an eructation. 

Be-lea'gner (bfi-lS'gSr), v. /. To besiege; to 
blockade; to invest; to encompass. 

Bel'fry (bSl'frj^), n. A bell tower; a cupola or 
turret m which a bell is hung. 

Be-lle' (b#-liO, «. /. [Bblibd (-lldO; BBLTore.] 
(•liTng).*] To give the lie to ; to slander. 

Be-llef (bf-lSfOi n. Assent to the truth of evi- 
dence or reasons; a thing believed; a tenet; 
trust; faith; credit; confidence.— Be-lleve' 
(b^-lSvOt V. t. [Bbubvbd (-ISvdO ; BBUBVDre.] 
To trust in ; to credit. —f. i. To have faith ; 
to think ; to suppose. — Be-llev'er, n. 

Be-Uttle (bt-lTt't'l), V. t. [Bbuttlbd (-t*ld) ; Bb- 
LrrruMO.] To make little of ; to disparage. 

Bell (bSl), fi. A hoUow metallic vessel which 
rings when struck. — v. I. 
To put a bell upon. — v. i. 
To bellow ; to roar. 

Belle (b61), n. A young and 
attractive lady. 

BelOl-ocse' (b^lT-kSs^), a. 
Disposed to contention ; 

Bel-lig'er-ent (bn-lTj'Sr- 

ent), a. Waging, or dis- 
posed for, war. •— n. A 

state carrying on war. 
Bellow (b6in«), V. i. [Bel- 

LowBD(-l^d); Bellowing.] 

To make a hollow, loud 

noise, as a bull ; to roar. fieU. 

— Outery; vociferation. 
BellcWB (bSiniis), n. aing. & pi. An instnunenl 

for propelling air through a tube. 
Beiay (beinj^), n. ; pi. Bbllibs (-lis). That part 

i. S, 1, 9, 0, long : ft, «, 1. 6, tt, t« ibort ; ioiftte, tvent, tdMi. 6bey, finite, oAra, «rin, 4d^ «]1, teal, 




of the body which contains the bowels ; the ab- 
domen. — V. i. [Bellied (bSllTd) ; Bblltino.] 
To bulge ; to puff out. — Belly-band^ (-bSndOi 
n. A band encompassing the belly ; a girth. 

B^-long' (bt-lSng'), V. i, [BxLONOBD (-ISngdO; 
Bblomoimo.] To be the property, concern, or 
proper business of ; to appertain. 

fid-lOV0d' (b^lQvd', p. ; bS-lfiv'Sd, a.)ip,p, & a. 
Greatly loved ; dear to the heart. 

Be-low' (bS-15'), prep. Under in time or place ; 
beneath; inferior to; unworthy of; unbefit- 
ting.— a<f v. In a lower place; on earth; in 
hell, or the rMnima of the dead. 

Belt (bSHt), n. That which engirdles a thing ; a 
band. — v. t. To encircle ; to encompass. 

Be-nUMUl' (b8-m5n'), v. t. To lament ; to bewaU. 

Bflnoh (bSnch), n. A long seat or table ; a seat 
where judges sit in court ; the persons who sit 
as judges ; the court. 

Baood (bendi v. t. & i. [Bskdbo or Bint (bfint) ; 
BSNDINO.J To crook ; to bow ; to submit, -^n. 
A turn ; a curve : a knot. 

Be-naatll' (b^neth' or bi-neth'), prep. Lower 
than ; under ; below. — a<2v. In a lower place. 
l'»-di0^on (bSn/^tk'dhfin), n. A blessing ; 
an invocation of happiness ; thanks. 

I'e-faotiOll (bSn^d-fSk'shlin), n. A conferring 
a benefit ; a benefit conferred ; a donation. — 
Ben^e-fao'tor (-fSk'tSr), n. One who confers a 
benefit. — Bon'O-laotress (-fSk'trSs), n. A wo- 
man who confers a benefit. — BoiL'a-£lG0 (b6n^ 
fTs), n. A church living. 

Ba-nef'i-COnce (b^nfift-s^ns), n. The practice 
of doing good ; active goodness, kindness, or 
charity. — Ba-nef 1-OOnt (-8«nt), a. Doing good ; 
generous ; munificent. — Be-ael'1-Geilt-ly, adv. 

BeiKa-fi'Oial (ben^^-fTsh'al), a. Useful; profit- 
able. — Ben'e-fi'oial-ly, adv. — Ben'e-fi'oi-a-ry 
(-T-&-rj^ or -&-rj^), a. Holding some office or 
possession, in subordination to another. 

Ban'a-fit (bSn'S-fTt), n. Advantage ; profit ; use ; 
service ; favor conferred, —v. /. [Benbtitbd ; 
Bbmkfitino.] To do good to ; to profit. — v. i. 
To gain advanti^. 

Be-neir'O-lanoo (bl-nSv'd-lens), n. Disposition to 
do good ; G^ood will ; kindness ; benignity ; ten- 
derness. — Ba-nev'O-lent (-lent), a. Beneficent ; 
munificent. — Be-neT'o-lent-ly, adv, 

Be-nighf (bS-nit/), v. t. To involve in night, 
darkness, or ignorance. 

Ba-nlgn' (bt-nin'), a. Gracious; kind; propi- 
tious ; gentle ; generous. — Ba-xdg'nant C-n^g'- 
nant), a. Kind; gracious; favorable. —B»- 
nlg'lll-ty (-nT-tj^), n. Benign quality. 

Beilt(b6nt), imp. & p. p. of Bend. — n. A curve ; 
bias ; propensity ; disposition ; tendency. 

Be-nnmV (bi-n&mO, v. t. [Bbnuhbeo (-n&md') ; 
BsNUMBiNO.] To make numb or torpid. 

Ben'zllie (bfinMn or bSn-zen'), n. An inflam- 
mable liquid used hi cleansing, etc. 

Be-guoatli' (b^-kwetfaO» v. /. [Bbqubathed 
(-kwStfadO ; Bbqukathino.] To give by will ; to 
hand down ; to transmit. — Be-quast'O-kwSrt/), 
n. Something left by will ; a legacy. 

(bt-rgvO, V. t, [Bbbated (-rSvdO ot 

Bxaarr (-rfiff ) ; Bbbkavuio.] To make desti> 
tute ; to deprive ; to take away from. — Ba- 
raave'mant (-ment), n. Deprivatiim. 
■rg (bSrg), n. A mass of ice. 

Ber^-Ola (bSr'nT-k'l), n. Arctic goose ; barnacle. 

Ber'ry (bfir'rj^), n. ; pi. Bbbribs (-rlz). A small 
pulpy fruit containing seeds ; an egg of a fish, 
—v. i. [Bkrsikd (-rid) ; Bsbbtimo.] To pro- 
duce berries. 

Bartll (berth), n. A place where a ship l\es when 
at anchor or at a wharf ; a bunk or sleeping 
place in a ship ; a situation or employment. «- 
v. t. [Bbbthbd (bSrtht) ; Bbbthiiio.] To give 
anchorage to ; to allot bertlis to. 

Bar'yl (bSrTl), n. A bluish-green mineral or gem. 

Be-aaaoV (bS-sech'), v. t. [Bisouoht (-s^f); 
BisBBCHuro.] To suBk or entreat ; to implore. 

Ba-aeem' (bS-sem'), v. t. To become ; to befit. 

Ba-aat' (bS-sSt'), v. t. [Bbskt ; Bbsbttino.] To 
set on, in, or around ; to hem in ; to waylay ; 
to urge ; to press. 

Ba-alda' (b«-sid'), prep. At the side of; aside 
fxoto. ; out of ; over and above ; dintinct from 
[in this use betides is more common]. — Ba- 
aidas' (-Bids'), adv. More than that; more- 
over, —mprep. Over and above ; in addition to. 

Ba-alaga' (be-aej'), v. U [Besieged (-sejd') ; Bb- 
siEoiNo.l To beset ; to environ ; to hem in. 

Ba-amaar (bi-smerO.v. t. [Bbsmearbd (-smerd') ; 
,^ Bbsmbabino.] To smear with glutinous matter ; 
^ to soil ; to daub. 

Ba-aot' (bfi-85t0, v. t. To make sottish by drink ; 
to infatuate. — Ba-BOf tad-ly, adv. 

Ba-aonchf (b^-si^f ), ». p. of Beseech. 

Ba-apaPtar (bfe-spSf tSr), v. t. To soil by spatter- 
ing ; to asperse with calumny. 

Ba-apaak' (b*-spek'), v. t. [imp. Bespoke (-spok') 
(Bbspake (-si^k'), archaic) \ p. p Bespoke, Be- 
spoken (-sp5'k'n) ; p. pr. Bespeaking.] To 
speak for; to engage oeforehand ; to show. 

Baat (bSst), a., superl. of Good. Having good 
qualities in the highest degree; most good; 
most correct or complete. — n. Utmost ; high- 
est endeavor. — adv., superl. of Well. In the 
highest degree. 

Ba-8tlr' (bt-stSr'), v. t. [Bestibbed (-stSrd') ; Be- 
stirring.] To put into brisk action ; to hasten. 

Ba-8tGW' (bft-stSO, "• '• [Bestowed (-stod') ; Be- 
stowing.] To stow; to make use of; to lay 
out or up ; to confer. 

Ba-atreW (b^-stru' or -stro'), v. t. {imp. Be- 
STREWED (-strnd' or -str5d') ; p. p. Bestrewed, 
Bestbown (-stron') ; p. pr. Bestrewing.] To 
scatter over ; to strow. [Spelt also bestrow.'] 

Ba-atrlda' (b^-strid'), V. /. [imp. Bestrode (t>*- 
strSd') (Bestrid (-strTd'), obs. or rare) ; p. p. 
Bestridden (bt-strld'd'n ), Bestbid, Bestrod ; 
p. pr. Bbstbiding.] To stride over ; to stand or 
sit with the legs extended across. 

Bet (bSt), n. That which is staked in a contest, 
to be won by the victor ; a wager ; a stake. «- 
V. t. [BvrrED ; BErriNo.] To stake ; to wager. 
Bat'tar, Batter, n. 

fim, reoent, ftrb, rude, f^ll, ftm, ftfbd, ftfbt, out, oU, cliair, go, ainc, ink, then, thin. 


■Mik*' (bt-tlkO. «. '- [imp. BnoraC-taftOi 
p, p. BBTtuB (-IS^'n) ; p. pr. BlIAEDa.] To 

B«-lUll^(b«-lb)gk'), «'- [BnBOuaHTt-CliUO. 

Brhuhubo.] To call to miiMl ; U »c^: u 

recollect; to nHect. 
B^tUiM' (hMIm'), fit-timn' (-timi'), adv. Id 

Ba-to^*n(M-t«%'D),r.f. To ilfiiiUy or fonehow 

B*-tOOk' ( W-tOSt'l, imp. ol BlTUI. 

Bs-triT' (bt-tri'l, tJ. /. [Btrni™) (irSd') ; B^ 

(aiscnt); tamltlead; toiodlcate.' 
B«-trOth' (t*-lrath'l, V.I. To promiM mirrtim 
to ; to sfflance ; to eepouH. — Bo-tnrth'«l (-fllj, 
Ba-tntli'iiuiit (-incnt), n. A mutuml angafe- 

Etna (MtflJr), n., an, 
good qualities Id a greatt 
preferable ; improved ii 

u^ially iapL^adr.,co» 

frsaler rtagrse ; morn. 

B»-twatn' (W-lwBn'), B«-1 

t Good. Harlng 
Ith. — D. Adnit 

BtVfll (MVSI), n. A tUnt of a >ur- ^ 
fa™ nl so anjile not a right angle ; an ^ 

^m; B«^!j^a''op BavailSioO^Tocuttoa 

bevel angle. -t..-. Toalant. 
BBV'»r-«»(b«v', n. Liquor for drinking, 
B«1^ (Mv'J) n. A flock of birda ; a company. 
8»-w«U'(bVwal'),r. (.«t To6^™.Bonow; 

Ba-WU** (lA-w»r^, ». *. To piarf odb'b Mlf ; to 
bo cautious : to take bead, [UBedin theJmpera- 
tlTe and Inflniti'e mooda, and with auiillariBB 
(>hatt.m«a. etc.) that go witb tbe loflnitire.] 

Bft-Wll'dsr (bt-wti'dft). F. I. [SKWiLDaaBD 
(-dird) ; BiwiLDiuBo.l To perplBi ; to pui- 

BnHtoll'(h«-"Ich'),i.. (. [BKwm!e«B<-»Iehf ) i 

WlMhlng-lT. ndP- In a 'mMiner \o bewltcb ; 
charming^. —BMrilqli'meiit,n, Fascination. 

of; paat; above. — aifi^. At a distance ; yonder. 

of £bB mind ; propenaity ; a wedge-Bbapad piece 

D filOOIN 

BI'Ul (1^'b'l), «. Tn Booi i tha toIdu* that 
containa the aaored SciipturH. 
Bibni-<ial(blbnl.kal),a. Feradninc to the Bible. 
Bi1>^-<W^-IkT(bIb'lI-Bg'r*-H),n. AhiMoryor 

dewmptlon of hooka. — B11)ll-«t^-pkn(-fii), 

n. One veriad la bibliography. 
BlVn-loiu(bIb'l1-lHi),ii, ftnbltdngauida; poroua. 
Bi'Dipi (lu'eSpal, n. A fleiing mnacle ol tha 

ana ; al». one of tha tbifrh. 
amk'v (blk-ir), u. f. [BicnuD (-ird): Bici- 

■aiBO-l To contend In petulant allercallou ; to 
Bl-ou'gld (bt-kfia'pid), U^ou/plI-Kta (-tt), a. 
'heeled vetod 

BinnaK (bM'd'n), 


., T, -~-«HO.] 

thing put up at 

reoueot to come.— n. An oflor ol a price. — 
Bll'dsr, n. — Bia'dlat, •>. An IniitatioD \ a 

ma'flyOiIdMD.n. A domettio (owl i acliickanj 

a«ryantgirL fCodBJ.l 
Blfl»(bTd), c. 1. [BioiDi BiDim.] TodwalL — 

Bt-an'Al'&L (bt.fin'nl-al), a. Happening ouca fn 
two years. ^ n. A plant that laala two yaan 
only. — Bl-mlil-Rl-Ir. odi'. 

B!ar (bBr). ti. A [nuna (or conreyii^ tha dead to 

BlHt4nKl(b9>tTiigil, The fint mUk giien 
Bl'Hd {hi'nd), Bll'i-^h Cblfl-dtt), o. Two- 

Bl-llo'iita(bt-flS'rtt),Bl-llO'mu(-rat),a. Boai. 

ing two flowara. 
Blg(bi:g),a. Bulky; large; huge; greatiswol 

leu ; piMnant. — Blg'naH, n. 
Biri-inT (bTg'i-mJj.ii. The crime of haling two 

wi.e. or hugbanda at once. — Bll'«-milt, ■- 

One guilty of bigamy. ~ BlCi-mau (-mtta), a. 

Sl«;glll (bt^glnrn. '^'child'«''caporhood. 

holding tl 

R la poured. 





Blgllt (bit), n. A comer ; an angle ; a bend in 
a coast terming an open bay ; the douUe part of 
a rope when folded. 

Blg'neBS (bTg^uSs), n. Quality of being big. 

Blg'Ot (bTg'&t), n. One obstinately wedded to a 
particul^ creed, opinion, etc. — Big'Ot-M, a. 
Obstinately devoted to a i^stem or party, and 
illiberal toward the opinions of others. — Big'- 
ot-6d-l7,a<;fv. — Big'ot-ryC-lit-ij^),!!. Penrerse 
attachment to certain tenets ; intolerance. 

BUOier-ry (bTia)8r-r)^), n. A shrub of the Whortle- 
berry family ; its berry. 

Bile (oil), n. A bitter, yellow fluid secreted by 
the liver. — Bil'la-XY (bTl'y&-rf ), a. Pertainhig 
to, or conveying, bile. — Bu'lOlU (-yOs), a. 
Pertaining to bile ; having bile in excess ; pas- 
sionate; Ul-tompered. 

BllgO (bTlj), n. Protuberant part of a cask ; broad- 
est and flattest part of a ship's bottom.— v. t, 
& i. [BniGED (bTljd) ; Bilging.] To fracture 
(the bilge) ; to leak by a fracture in the bilge. 

Bil'la-ry, Bil'loiU, a. See under Bilk, n. 

Bi-lit'«r-al (bt-llt^-al), a. Consisting of two 

Bilk (bTlk), V. /. To deceive or defraud. — n. A 
cheat; a swindler. 

Bill (bTl), n. The beak of a bird, turtle, eto.— 
V, i. [Billed (bTld) ; Billing.] To caress. 

Bill (bTl), n. A book-shaped cuttmg instrument ; 
ax ; pickax ; point of an anchor, —v. t. To work 
at (dig, chop, etc.} with a bill. — Bill'man (bTK- 
man), n. One who works or flghts with a bill. 

Bill (bll), n. A written declaration ; a draft of a 
law ; a statement of goods sold, services ren- 
dered, ete., with charges due therefor ; a state- 
ment of particulars ; a note ; a draft. 

BUfUt (binSt), n. A small paper ; a note ; a 
ticket directing soldiers at what house to lodge. 
— v. ^ [Billbtbd; Billktino.] , To lodge or 

Suarter (soldiers in houses, etc.). 
art (bTFlfit), n. A small stick of wood. 

llBillet-donx' (bmt-dSo^), n. A love letter. 

BilOiard (bTl'vSrd), a. Pertaining to billiards. — 
BllllardB (-ySrdz), n. A game played with 
ivory balls on a rectangular table. 

BlFliOll (bTI'yiin), n. Bv French and American 
numeration, a thousand millions, or 1,000,000,- 
000 ; by the English, a million millions, or 1,000,- 

Billow (bTind), n A great wave or surge of the 
sea. — Bill0W-7 {-lt-f)j a. Swelling into waves. 

Billy (bll'iy), n. A club. 

Bill (bTn), n. A box or repository of any com- 

Bi'na-ry ( bi ' n4 - ry ), a. Compoimded of two ; 

Bi'nata (bi'nat), a. Being double or in couples. 

Bind (bind), v. t. [imp. Bound (bound) ; p. p. 
Bound, formerly Boundbn (bound"n); p. pr. 
Binding.] To tie together ; to confine ; to re- 
strain ; to protect or strengthen by a band or 
border; to sew or fasten together, and inclose 
in a cover ; to place under legal obligation to 
serve. — i v. i. To contract ; to grow hard or 

stiff ; to be restrained from motion or action ; to 
be oUigatory. — n. A stalk of hops. — Bllw- 
or, n. — Bind'or-y (-Srjh, n. Aplace where 
books are bound. — Bin^Ug, a. Having power 
to bind or oblige ; obligatory, —in. A fasten- 
ing with a band ; anything that binds ; a band- 
age ; the cover of a book ; something used to 
secure the edge of cloth from raveling, ete. 

Bin'na-Ole (bTn'n&-k'l), n. A box containing the 
compass of a ship. 

Bi'0-grapli (bl'i-gr&f), n. A device to show mov- 
ing pictures on a screen. 

Bi-ci^-pliy (bt-Sg^hUf j^), n. History of the life 
and character of a particular person ; biograph- 
ical writings in general. — ^-Og'ra-plior (-r&- 
fSr), n. A writer oft bic^^nphy. — Bi'O-gxaph'iO 
(bl'i-erSfrk), Bi'0-grapli'io-al (-T-kal), a. 
Pertaming to, or containing, biography. 

Bi-oFo-gy (bt-51'$-j|), n. The science of life. — 
Itt-Vl'O-nst, n. One who studies life. 

Bi^POd (bFpSd), n. An animal having two feef^ 
as man. — i a. Having two feet. — Bip'0*dal 
(bTp'd-dal or bi'pt-), a. Biped. 

Biroll (bSrch), n. A tree of several species. •« 
a. Made, consisting of, or pertaining to, birch. 
— Biro]l'en(berch"n), a. Birch. 

Bird (b8rd), n. A feathered, flying animaL «• 

Bird (External Parte). 

a Forehead t h Crown or Vertex ; c Occipat t d Aarfen- 
lars (the line crosses the Nape) ; e Cervix or Hind 
Neck ; / Tertiaries ; a Secondaries i h Primaries ; • 
Under Tail Coverts : A- Tail ; / Outer or Fourth Toe t 
m Inner or Second Toe ; n Tarsus t o Tibia t p Abdo- 
men or Belly ; r Greater Wing Coverts ; $ Median 
Coverts (the line crosses the Breaitt or Pectoral re- 

5 ion ) ; t Lemer Coverts ; n Bastard Wing or Alula ; v 
nzular region or the Lower Throat ; io Gular region 
or Throat ; x NostriL 

V. i. To cateh or shoot birds. — Blxd oagO. 
A cage for conflning birds. — Bild'call' (bSrd'- 
kftlOi n. A sound imitating the cry of birds, or 
a whistle making such a sound and used to de- 
coy birds. — Blrdltme' (-lim'), n. A viscotis 
substance used to cateh birds. — v. t. To in- 
snare. — Blrd'a'-eye' (bSnicIO, a. Seen from 
above, as if by a flying bird ; hence, not giving 
details ; marked with spote like birds* eyes. 

fBni, recent, Art>, rffde, f^^ lUn, fdbd, fdbt, oat, oil, cludr, go, sins, ^|k« then, thin. 


Btrtk Qiblli). n. A eonliif Id 
born; axtmctloDi llDsuaj orl _ _ 

eua ii boni ; lbs umltanwr of tbit diy. — 
a. FecUluiug to ■ birtlidiy. — Blitk^ut' 
(411^), ^T^h* pLK» wben one la bom. - 
UlU^kt' (-Tit/), n. A right or privllen to 
which ODO i> BntiUsd by Wr^ 
BWanlt (bli^rc), n. tTnfannented brud buksd 
bard ^ » baked caks, uiuaJl; fennenledT nude 
of floui, milk, Mo. ; Mnhenwmn olUr Iha flnC 

m-IMt' (lit-dfikf). ». (.''to dlTWo Into tiro 
(imiallT equal) patU. — Sl-lM^on (jak'ihan), 
ti. A tiBBctiDg. — Bl-urmnLt t^ig'meDl,), n 

BUtOp (bith'Bp). B. A chunib dignlUry, the 

Bl'un (bJ-saiil, n.' A North AmtST ■" * 
quadruped, popul»rlj eaUad buffalo. 

(bla-aSkBtn). n. T«ap jew: 


—MP yew; OTorj 

Foiirtb you, Id which Febniuy has £9 (iDatead 

It (blt),n. A piece of aDythiugi k monel) a 
thful; the iron JnouOi- 

. — I. (. [BrmDj Brr- ^^ 

1.1 To put ■ bit In the u^^^^^^E, 

■ (M^h)?™.""*' a'h^'dOK, BluT^^ 

& i. [fisn. Bit (bit) i p. p. BtT- 

Blta 0»t^, D 


Ktlu (blt^r), a. Having a peculiar, mcM 

cruel.— Blt'tW-Ull.o. Bomewhal b!lW 
Btttsni (bti/tSm), n. A Kedlug bird, related t 

Blttan|hIt1Zn), A aplrltaoui liquor fli 

B»U(brw), Afrmooolrtrongtimberao 
a ahip, to tiaten the cablea. 


BI-ll'BM (U-Hfirita), n. UdhiI pftcb ; id Id- 
flanunabla tony aubataaee. — U'tn'BLt-utl 
(bl.tD'D.I^Kt), U-tK'BtatH <-Ul-Di>), t>. I. 
To form iDto, or irapiegiuite vriib, bltBmBD. — 
Bl-tO^mhWH (-BBaJ, a. BAViog qoalitlH of, 
or ooDtalniDf , biCuniaB. 

K'VilTa (bi'VUT), n. A dioU conalating of two 

BlT'SDM (MTiwIk or -06-Kk), ». Thewatvb el 

Bl'WMk'lT (bi'^'lf ), a. Oocurrtog DDoe fa 
every two week.. — n. A puhLcation ianed 

Blib(btKb), I. (. &i. [Bunm {bU(bd) ; BuB- 
Bws.] le utter or tell ludlacreetli ; to tattle. 
— n. Ababblar; a (eUlale. — BUfrlMT, n. 

BlMk (bilk), a. Destitute of Ugbt^ verfdaik; 

mgaiaat : * oegro ; 
jUlkt); BucuHO 
to mil;. -.Blank' 

mourulug. — 

BlMk'a-iiUKi]: |bllk't-u>««r) 

Blask^blll' (bltk'bitl'), 1- A compouooo ror 
blacking ahoee, etc. ; a ball of bUck color, uaed 
aa a nwatlre In Tothig, — c. I. To njtct br 
putUuc blackballa into a ballot boi. 

BJAOkHMT-ir (hUa'bSr-4), n. TbB buiy tt the 



In Baglund, ■ apectei 

Aboard to write 

ok'iiUTd (bUg/gErd), It. A F 
jsracter or foul laogiian ; a i 
)uEh.-^a. BcnrtDoua; low; tI 
■- L To revile in (oul Ui^uai 
lunl-Iim (-Yi^m), n. Conduct o 

Blaok' iMd' ('bUOi' lEdO- A mine 
'' -arbon; plumbago; gr^ihlte.*^ 
:> black lead. 
I'lmltk' (blXk'imltb'}, n. i 

Blioktliaiii' (bllk'tlieni')t •>• A 

Oar (bUUMir], n. A veaael 

of ajlant; 
BUlu (blin), 

lat part of tl 
rt of au inetr 

inire ; to find fault with. — 

1 1 MBftt*. avmt, tde^ Aber, llniU, cftn, tra. Aak, 1^, CnnU 




preaaion of diaapprobation ; a thing deaeirlng 
censure or diaapprobation ; reproadi; fault. 
— Blam'a-blA (blain'&-b*l), a. Deaerving cen- 
anre ; faulty ; culpable. — Blame'lMM (-lea), a. 
WiUiont fault; not meriting censure; fault- 
leas ; irreproachable ; innocent ; guiltleaa. — 
Blame'wortliy (-wfir^tfa^), a. Deaerving 
blame; culpable; reprehensible. 
Blanoll (bl&ncb), V. L & i. [Bijlkcbsd (bUncht) ; 

Blanchino.] To whiten ; to peel ; to skin. 
BUmo-mangO' (blS-mamh'), n. A preparation 
of dissolved isinglass, sea moss, cornstarch, 
etc., sweetened, and boiled with milk till thick. 

Bland (blSnd), a. Mild ; gentle ; courteous. 

Blank (blSnk), a. White; unwritten; pale or 
dejected ; "empty ; vacant ; without rhyme. ^ 
n. A void space ; an unwritten paper ; a legal 
form or document having apacea to be filled in 
with names, dates, etc. 

Blank'et (blSn'kSt), n. A woolen covering for a 
bed, etc. — V. /. [Blahkktbd; Blankbtimo.] 
To cover with, or toss in, a blanket. 

Blar'^lBy (bliir'nj^), n. Smooth, deceitful talk ; 
flattery, —v. t. To deceive or flatter. 

Blas-pheme' ( blSs • fSm ' ), r. t. [Blasphskkd 
(-fimdO ; Blasphbhino.] To speak reproach- 
fully or impiously of Gk>d ; to utter abuse or oal- 
umnv s^^unst. —-v.i. To utter blasphemy. — 
— Buui^lie-moiUI (blSs'f^mlis), a. Containing 
blasphemy; impiously irreverent or reproach- 
ful toward God. — Blas^lie-my (-fft-mj^), n. 
Impious language against Ood or sacred ttiinga. 

Blast (bl&st), n. A destructive or pernicious 
wind ; a forcible stream of air from an orifice ; 
a blight; an explosion of powder; a burst of 
sound ; a disease of sheep. — v. I. To injure ; 
to wither; to blight; to rend; to split. 

Blatant (blS'tont), a. Bellowing, as a calf; 
noisy ; brawling ; boastful ; vaunting. 

Blaze (bllz), n. A stream of gaa or vapor emit- 
ting light and heat ; intense light ; an outburst ; 
a white spot on a horse's face ; a nuurk made 
by cutting bark from a tree. —v. i, [Blazbd 
(blSid) ; Blaziho.] To shine ; to glow. » v. t. 
To make public (news, etc) ; to mark (a tree) 
by stripping the bark. 

Bleaoll (blecli), v. L & L [Bleached (bl5cht) ; 
Busachino.j To whiten. 

Blaak (blSk), a. DesoUte ; cold ; cheerleaa. 

Blaar (blgr), a. Dim or sore with rheum. — v. t. 
[Blbabbd (blSrd); Blxabiro.] To dim (the 
eyes) ; to blur (the sight). — Blear'eye' (bl5r^0» 
n. Chronic inflammation of the eyelids, with a 
gummy secretion. 

Blaat (bl5t), v. i. To cry as a sheep, — n. The 
cry of a sheep. 

BleaA (blSd), v. i, [Bud (bl6d) ; BLBSDrae.] To 
lose blood, —v. /. To let blood. 

Blem'isll (blfim^sh), v. t. [Blbusbbd (-Tsht) ; 
BuBMiaHnre.] To disfigure ; to deform ; to tar- 
nish. — n. A deformity ; a defect ; a fault. 

Blanoll (blSnch), v. i. [Blenchkd (blSncht); 
Bi.BircHxiro.] To shrink; to flinch. 

Blend (bl6nd), v. /. & i. To mix ; to unite. 

Blende (blSnd), n. An ore of lino. 
Blaas (bl6s), v. t [BLiaaao (blBat) or Blk; 
BLiasiKo.j To make happy ; to inv(^ a bleaa- 
ing upon ; to praise ; to glorify. — Bleas'ed 
(blea<5d), a. Happy ; hallowed ; bliasf ul ; joy- 
ful. — Bleaa'inc, n. Means of happLoeaa ; di- 
vine favor ; a wish of happiness. 
Bleat (blSst), a. Made happy ; cheering. 
Blet (bl6t), n. A decayed spot on fruit. 
BllgM (but), V. /. To blast ; to prevent growth 
of ; to frustrate ; to ruin. — n. Mildew ; decav. 
Blind (blind), a. Destitute of sight ; dark ; ob- 
scure ; unoisceming ; unintelligible, —i v. t. To 
deprive of sight ; to darken ; to obscure. — n 
Something which hinders sight or keeps out 
light; aacreen; aaubterfuge. 
Blindfold' (blind'fSldO, v. t. To cover the eyea 
of ; to hinder from aeeiug. —a. Blinded ; heed^ 
less ; reckless. 
BUnd'man'a buff (blind'mSna bttfO. A play in 
wliich one person is blindfolded, and hunts the 
rest of the company. 
Bllnd'wonn' (blind'wQrmO, n. A small, burrow- 
ing, limbleaa liaard, having very minute eyea ; a 
slow worm. 
Blink (blTnk), v. i. [Blinkkd (blTnkt) ; Blink- 
iNO.] To wink ; to see with the eyes half shut ; 
to twinkle ; to glimmer, —v. t. To shut out of 
sight r to exclude ; to evade. — n. A glimpse ; 
a glance ; a gleam ; a sparkle ; a dazzling white> 
ness from fields of ice. — Blink'er, n. One 
who blinks ; a blind for horses ; whatever ob- 
structs sight or discernment. 
Blias (blTs), n. Blessedness ; happiness ; joy. — 

Bliaa^fnl, a. Full of joy ; supremely happy. 
Bliater (blls'tSr), n. A thin, watery bUMlder on 
the skin ; a plaster applied to raise a bliater. — i 
V. t. To raise blisters upon. 
Blithe (blith), a. Gay; merry; mirthful.— 
Blitke'aome (-sdm), a. Gay ; cheerful ; blithe. 
Bloat (bl5t), v.t.&L To puff out ; to swell. — 
n. A worthless, dissipated fellow. — Bloat'er, 
n. A herring, smoked and half dried. 
Blook (bl5k), n. A mass of wood, stone, etc. : a 
row of buildings; a system of pul- 
leys or sheaves, arranged in a frame ; 
an obstruction. ^v.L [Blocked 
(bl5kt); Blocking.] To hinder; to 
obstruct; to secure or support by 
blocks ; to secure ; to stop up. 
Block-ade' (bl6k-ad'), n. The shutting 
up of a place by troops or ships. — v. /. 
To shut up (a town or fortress), so as 
to compel a surmn^er ; to confine. 
BlockOiead' (blSk^hSdO. n. A stupid 

fellow ; a dolt. 
Blond (blSnd), Blonde, a. Fair ; light 
colored. — n. A person of fair complpxion, 
light hair, and blue eyes ; silk lace (called also 
Monde loce). 
Blood (bl&d), n. The red fluid circulating in 
animal bodies; relation by natural descent; 
consanguinity; kindred; lineage; honorable 
birth ; the shedding of blood ; murder ; dispo- 


On, rec«nt, ftrb, rude, f ^ ttrn, fdbd, tOtt, out, oil, chair, go, ain^, ink, than, *i»fa\ 




■Itloo ; pasmon ; a man of fire or spirit ; a rake. 
—V. t* To let blood from ; to bleed ; to stain 
with blood. — Bloody (bllid'3^}, a. Containing 
or stained with blood ; murderous ; crueL — i 
V. L To stain with blood. — BlOOd'My, adv. — 
BlOOd'i-ness, n. — BlOOdleiS, a. Destitute of 
blood ; lifeless ; without bloodshed ; spiritless. 
— BiOOdthlrst'^y, a. Murderous ; crueL — 
Blood lioat Heat equal to the temperature of 
blood (about 98° Fah. in man). — BlOOd TOMML 
A vessel in which animal blood circulates; a 
vein ; an artery. 

BlOOd'llOimd' (bl&dOiound'), n. A ferocious va- 
riety of dog, of very acute smell. 

BlOOd'XDOt' (bllid'root/), n. A plant used medici- 
nally, having a red root and sap. 

BlOOd'sbod' (blfid'shedO, n. A shedding of 
blood ; slaughter. 

Blood'slloV (blfid'shSt^), a. Bed and inflamed ; 
suffused with blood. 

BlOOd'snok'er (bl&d'sfik'Sr), n. Any animal that 
sucks blood ; a leech ; an extortionate person. 

Blood'y, a. & V, See under Blood, n. 

Bloom (bloom), n. A blossom ; a flower ; the 
opening of buds or flowers ; freshness ; beauty. 
^ V. L To blossom ; to produce blossoms or 
flowers ; to show beauty and vigor. 

Bloom (bloom), n. A mass of crude iron or steel, 
forged or rolled, preparatory to further work- 
ing. — Bloom'OT-y ( bloom '8r-y), Blom'a-ry 
(-£-ry), Bloom'a-ry, n. A forge in which blooms 
of wrought iron are made from the ore or from 

cast iron. 

Blos'som (blQs'sttm), n. The flower of a plant. 
^v. i. To put forth blossoms ; to flower. 

Blot (bl»t), V. t. [Blottto ; Blottino.] To spot ; 
to stain ; to diiH{race ; to obliterate ; to erase ; 
to efface. — n. A spot ; a blur ; a blemish ; a 
disgrace ; a failing ; a weak point. — BloTtar, 
ft. One who, or that which, blots ; a waste- 
book ; porous paper to abserb ink. 

Blotok (bl5ch), n. A pustule or emptioo upon 
the skin. — v. t. To spot. 

Blonso (blouz ; F. blSoz), n. A light outer gar- 

Blow (bl5), V. i. [imp. Blsw (blu) ; p. p. Blowk 
(bl5n); p. pr. Blowino.] To blossom; to 
bloom ; to flower. ^ v. t. "To put forth (blos- 
soms or flowers). — n. Blossom ; flower ; a bed 
of flowers. 

Blew (blS), n. A stroke ; a calamity ; a shock. 

Blow (bio), V. i. [imp. Blew (blu) ; p. p. Blown 
(bl5n) ; Blowing.] To make a current of air ; 
to puff ; to pant ; to spout (water, etc.) ; to be 
moved by the wind ; to talk loudly ; to brag ; to 
bluster.— t). /. To force air upon or through ; 
to impel ; to burst ; to shatter ; to publish ; to 
inflate ; to put out of breath ; to deposit eggs in 
(meat, etc.). — n. A blowing ; a gale ; a spout- 
ing of a whale ; an egg or larva depoelsited by a 
fly in flesh, etc.— BlOW'OT, n. — BlOW^ (-j^), 
a. Windy ; gusty. — Blown (bl5n), p. p. & a. 
Swollen ; puffed up ; stale ; out of brei^ ;^ ex- 
hausted ; covered with eggs and larv» of flies. 

BlOW'M*' (blS'pip'), n. A tube for dxiviog air 
through flame, to concentrate heat on some ob- 

Biowse (blons), n. See Blovbb. 

Blowze (blous), n. A ruddy, fat-faced woman. — 
Blowz^ (blous^), a. Coarse and ruddy-faced ; 
fat and ruddy ; frowzy. 

BlnVber (blfibaSr), n. Fat of whales.— v. i. 
To weep noisily. — v. t. To disfigure (the face) 
with weeping. 

Blndg'OOn (bmj'fin), n. A short stick ; a club. 

Blno (blu), a. Of a color like the clear sky ; low 
in spirits; melancholy; gloomy.— ti. One of 
the seven primary colors ; a pedantic woman. 

— V. L To make, or dye, blue. — BlOOS (bliis), 
n. pi. Low spirits ; melancholy. 

BlneOlOt'tlO (blu'b5t^t*n, n. A plant which in- 
fests grain flelds and has blue bottle-shaped 
flowers ; a fly with a large blue abdomen. 

Blno^stook'ing (blu'stSk^Tng), n. A literary lady. 

Blnlf (bl&f ), a. Having a broad, flattened front; 
steep ; bold ; surly ; gruff ; blunt. — n. A high, 
steep bank ; a bluffing, or imposing upon by 
self-confidence; a game at cards. — v. t. 
[BLunrso (blfift) ; Blutfino.] To frighten by 
a show of strength. — BlvlfflLOSS, n. 

Bln'lllS, Bln'lsh. See under Blub, a. 

Blnn'oer (blfin'dSr), v. t. To make a gross mis- 
take. — n. A careless, stupid, or ignorant error. 

— Blnn'dor-or, Blnn'der-head' (AxM')^ n. A 
blundering fellow. — nilin'der-i2l^-ly« odv. 

Blnn'dor-blUM (blOu'dSr-bni-), n. A short gun, 
with large bore. 

Blnnt (blunt), a. Hav- 
ing a thick edge cr^ 
pomt; dull; abrupt Blunderbuas. 

or rude in manner. — 
V. t. To dull the edge or point of ; to weaken. 

Blnz (blflr), V. t. [Bluekbd (blftrd) ; BLUB&iNe.] 
To obscure ; to dim ; to stain ; to blemish, —n. 
A stain ; a blot ; indistinctness. 

Blurt (blflrt), V. t. To utter suddenly or unad- 
visedly ; to divulge rashly. 

Blush (blQsh), V. i. [Blushbd (bltisht) ; Blvsh- 
iNO.] To have a red or rosy color ; to redden 
in the face, as from shame, confusion, or mod- 
eety. ^u. A rosy tint ; suffusion of the cheeks ; 
a sudden appearance ; a glance ; view. — Blush'- 
ing-ly, adv. With blushes. 

Bluster (bllis'tSr), v. i. [Blustered (-tSrd) ; 
Blustbeino.] To blow fitfully and noisily ; to 
storm ; to rage ; to swagger. — n. Noisy talk ; 
turbulence; boasting; bullying; fuss. 

Bo's (b5'&), n. A large American serpent; es- 
iwcially, the largest species of serpent, the Boa 
constrictor, which crushes its prey in its coils ; 
a woman's fur tippet, shaped like the serpent. 

Boar (bor), n. The male of swine ; the wild hog. 

— Boar'iSll, a. Swinish ; brutal ; cruel. 
Board (bSrd), n. A timber sawed thin, for use in 

building, etc. ; a table ; food ; entertainment ; 
a council or meeting ; deck, interior, or side of 
a ship; a table or frame for a game; paper 
made thick and siiff like a boara.— v. t. To 

ft, 8, 1, S, a, long ; ft, fi, 1,5, a, t, short; Mnftte, «vent, tdea, dbey, finite, cftre, ftnn,ask, |^, fiiMl, 




oo?er with bourding ; to enter % ahip, ndlioad 
trmin, etc. ; to Bupply with meals. ^«. i. To 
receive meals, etc., for pay. — Boaxd'sr, n. One 
who lives at another^s table for pay ; one who 
boards a ship. — Botrd'illC n. An entering a 
ahip ; a covering of or with boards ; supply o( 
meals for pav. — PlMlTfllTl|r llOllM. A house in 
which boarders are kept. —Boarding lOllOOL 
A school in which pupils receive board and 
lodging, as well as tuition. 

BOASt (bSst), v.i,&t. To talk ostentatioudy ; to 
vaunt ; to brag. — n. Act or cause of boasting. 
— Boaitfnl (-f vl), a. Given to boasting. 

Boat (b5t), n. A small open vessel ; a ship. ^ 
V. L To transport in a boat. — BOAf man, n. 
One who manages a boat. — Boat Yusfik. An 
iron hook on the end of a pole, to pull or push 
a boat, raft, etc 

Boaf twain ( bSfswtn ; eoUoq, bS^s'n ), n. An 
officer in charge of a ship's boats, rigghig, etc. 

Bob (bSb), n. Anything that plays loosely, as 
at the end of a string ; a short, jerking action ; 
a i^ummet; a peal of bells. — v. L L^obbbd 
(b5bd) ; Bobbino.] To move in a jerking man- 
ner ; to strike with a quick, light blow ; to cut 
short (the hair, etc.^. —v. i. To have a jerking 
motion ; to uigle with a bob, or with a jerking 
motion of the bait. 

BobHbin (bSb'bTn), n. A small pin, on which 
thread is wound ; a spool. 

BoVbln-Ot' (bm/bt-nStO, n. A kind of lace. 

BoVo-llnk (b5b^-ltnk), Bob-lin'OOln (bSb-lTn'- 
k&n), n. An American singing bird ; the rice- 
bird ; the reedbird. 

Bolltail' (bSb'talO, n. A tail cut short. 

Boll'whitO' (bSy hwit/), n. The American quail ; 
— named from his note 

Bod'ios (bSdTs). Bod'dioo, n. Stays ; a corset 

Bod'i-lOU, Bod'i-ly. See under Boot, n, 

Bod'kin (bSd'kTn), n. A stiletto ; an implement 
to pierce holes, draw tape through hems, etc. 

Bod'y (bSd']^), n. The material substance or prin- 
cipal part, as of an animal, tree, army, country, 
etc. ; a person ; a collective mass ; a corpora- 
tion; a system; consistency; thickness.— v./. 
[BoDno(-Td); BoDmro.] To give shape, form, 
or consistency to , to embody. — Bod1-l7(-T-I5^), 
a. Routing to, or having, a body ; corporeal. ^ 
adv. Corporeally ; completely. — Bod'i-less, a. 
Having no body ; incorporeal. 

Bos (b^)t n- A quagmire ; a fen ; a marsh ; a 
morass, ^v. t. To whelm or plunge, as in mud 
and mire. — Bog'gy (-gj^, a. Swampy. 

Bo'gey (bS^gy), Bo'gy, Bo'glo (b^gU), n. A 
hobgoblin ; a bugbear i a specter. 

Boff'glo (r " - - 


Bo'gaa (bS'gtis), a.' 'Spurious ; sham. 

Boll (boil), V. i. [BoiLiD (boild) ; BonjNe.l To 
babble from heat ; to effervesce ; to be violently 
agitated. '— v. t. To cause to boil ; to form by 
boiling. — n. Act or state of boiling. — Boil'or, 
». One who boils ; a vessel in whi^ things are 
boiled or steam is generated. 

(bbg'g'l), V, i, & L [BoooLU) (-g'ld) ; 
tfo (IglTng).] To doubt ; to bungle. 


Boll (bon), n. A hard, inffamad tumor, contain- 
ing pus. 

Boi#tor-OIUI (bois^r-8s), o. Violent; no\sy\ 
stormy. — Boistor-ona-ly, adv. 

Bold (bSld), a. Courageous; brave; fearless; 
audacious; confident; forwsurd; impudent. 

BalO (b51), n. The stem of a tree. 

Bole (bol), n. A measure. See Boll, a measure. 

Bolo (bSl), n. Friable, earthy clay ; a bolus. 

BoU (b91), n. A pod or capsule of a plant ; a peri- 
carp ; a Scottish dry measure, from 2 to 6 bush- 
els. — V. t. [BoLLBD (bSld) ; Bolubo.] To form 
into a pericarp or seed vessel. 

Bol'ltor (bSl'suIr), n. A long cushion, pad, bag, 
or support, — v. /. [Bolstsrsd (-stSra) ; BoL* 
STBRiNO.] To support ; to hold up. 

Bolt (bSlt), n. An arrow ; a dart ; lightning ; an 
iron pin for fastening ; a packa|^ of 
doth, etc. ; a sudden spring or fli^^ht. 
— V. i. To shoot; to utter hastily; 
to swallow (food) without chewing; 
to start aside from ; to fasten with a 
bolt ; to restrain. ^ v. «. To dart 
out ; to run awav. ^ adv. Suddenly ; 
straight — Bolt'or, n. 

Bolt (bSlt), V, t. To sift; to separate; 
to assort ; to purify. — n. A sieve. 

Bomb (b5m or biim), n. An iron shell, 
filled with explosives, to bedischaiged 
from a mortar. — Bom-bud' (bSm- 
bSrd' or b&m-), v, t. To attack with bombs. — ' 
Bom-bardfmont (-bilrd'ment), n. An attack 
with bombs. 

BomVahell' (bSm'shSl/ or bOm^, n. A bomb. 

llBonniKm' (bdN^bdNOt n. Sugar confectionery; 
a sugarplum. 

Bond (bond), n. That which binds; a cord; a 
chain ; a band ; a ligament ; an obligation impos- 
ing a moral duty ; a written obligation to pay 
money, —v. t. To secure by a bond ; to mort-. 
gage. — a. Captive ; bound ; in servitude. — 
Bond'agO (-tj), n. State of being bound or un- 
der restraint; captivity; servitude; imprison- 
ment. — Bond'maid', n. A female slave. — 
Bond'man (-man^, n. A man slave. — Bonds'- 
man (bSndz'man), n. A slave ; a bondman ; a 
surety ; one who gives security for another. 

Bono (bSn), n. The solid frame of an animal, or 
a piece thereof ; a thing made of bone. — v, t. 
[BoNKD (bSnd) ; Boning.] To deprive of the 
bones ; to put whalebone into ; to fertilize (land) 
with bone. 

Bonfiro' (bSn'fir^), n. A fire made to express 
public joy, or for amusement. 

llBonns (bon), n. A child's nurse. 

Bonfnet (bSn'nSt), n. A covering for the head. 

Bon'ny (bOn'nj^), a. Handsome ; merry ; blithe. 

Bon'ny-claVbor (bSn'nj^-klSb'bSr), n. Curdled 

Bo'nns (bS'nQs), n. A premium given for a loan 
or other privilege ; an extra dividend ; a pay- 
ment in additi(m to a stated compensation. 

Bon'y (bSn']^), a. Consisting of, or full of, bones ; 
having lai^ or prominent bones ; lean. 

fita, TCcenty Oxbt r||dflb f^fi^ ftni, f dbd, f dbt, out, oU, ohair, go, sins, iflkt then, thin. 




Boonnr (b(R/b^, n. A dunce ; a >wimiiiing bird 
of the West Indies ; a kind of penguin. 

Book (bd6k), n. A Yolume ; a literary composi- 
tion ; a register of accounts. — v, t. [Bookbd 
(l>96kt) ; ^>0KiNO.] To enter or register in a 
book. — Book^isll, a. Given to retting; stu- 
dious ; pedantic. — BoOk'Und'or (-bind^er), n. 
One who binds books. — BoOk1)illd'or-7 (-Sr-5^), 
n. A place for binding books. — BowOOM^ 
(-kas^), n. A case with shelves for holding books. 
— Book'keM>'or (-kep^Sr), n. One who keeps 
accounts. — BookOcOf^illg, n. Art of record- 
ing mercantile transactions and keeping ac- 
counts. — Book'SOll^or (-sSl^Sr^, n. One who 
sella books. — Bocikfirfanai' (-wlirmOi n. A 
larva which eats books ; a close student. 

Boom ^bSom), n. A spar extending the bottom 
of sails ; a bar across a river or harbor. 

Boom (bCom), V. €. [BooMBO (b55md) ; Boomino.] 
To cry or roar with a hollow sound ; to rush vio- 
lently, as a ship under full saiL — n. A lu)llow 
roar ; a strong advance. 

Boorn'or-ani: (bo&m'8r4hig), n. A missile weapon 
of Australia. 

Boon (b55u^, n. A gift ; a grant ; a present. — i a. 
Oay; jovial; kind; bountiful. 

Boor (bC&r), n. A peasant ; a Dutch colonist in 
South Africa ; a rude and illiterate person. — 
Booi/lslL, a. Clownish ; rustic ; unmannerly. 

Boost (boost), V. L To lift ; to push up. 

Boot (boot), n. Remedy; amends; something 
given to equalize an exchange. —v. /. To ad- 
vantage ; to profit. — BootlOM, a. Useless. 

Boot (bSot), n. A covering for the foot and leg ; 
a reoei^le for baggage on a coach ; an apron 
for a carriage. — v. /. To put boots on ; to 

Bootb (b5dtfa), n. A temporary shelter; a stall 
in a fair. 

Boofjaok' (bCSt'jSkO) n. An instrument for draw- 
ing off boots. 

Bootless (booflSs), a. See under Boor, remedy. 

Boo'ty (bc^t^), n. Pillage ; plunder. 

Bo'raz (bS'rScs), n. A salt of soda, used as a flux 
in soldering metals, as a soap, etc. 

Bor'dor (bdr'dSr), n. The outer part or edffe of 
anything ; boundary, —v. i. [Bobdkred (-dSrd) ; 
BoBDBBiNO.] To touch at the edge ; to adjoin ; 
to come near to. ^ v. i. To make a border for ; 
to touch at the edge. — Boi/der-or, n. One who 
dweUs on a border. 

Boro (bSr), V. t. & t. [BoBBD (bSrd) ; BoRiifo.] 
To make a hole in ; to perforate ; to weary ; to 
tire. — n. A hole made by boring; caliber; a 
tiresome person or affair. 

Boro (bSr), n. A tidal wave or flood. 

Bor'ongll (bfir'd), n. An incorporated town that 
is not a city. 

Bor^W (bSr'rd), v. i. [Borrowbd (-rSd) ; BoB- 
ROWiNO.] To take from another as a loan. 

Bosk (bSsh), n. Mere show ; empty talk ; folly. 

Bos'om (bd6z'fim), n. The breast ; the heart. 

Boss (bSisX n. A stud ; a knob. —v. /. To orna- 
ment with bosses. — Boss'y (-j^), a. Studded. 

BotS (bSs), n. A master workman ; a superin- 
tendent, —v. I. & i. [BoBSBD (bfist) ; Bobsino.] 
To direct ; to dictate. 

Bot'a-ny (b9t^&-nj^), n. Science of plants. — Bo- 
tanlO (b«-tSnTk), Bo-tan'lO-al (-T-kal), a. Per- 

. taining to, or containing, plants. — Bot'a-BlSt 
(b5f&-ntst), n. One skuled in botany. 

Botok (b5ch), n. A swelling ; a pustule ; a patch 
on a garment ; work done clumsUy. ^ v. t. 
[BoTCHBD (bScht) ; Botchiho.] Tomenddum- 
siiy ; to spoil ; to mar. 

Botfly' (bSt'fliO. n. An insect troublesome to 
domestic animals. 

Botk (bSth), a. & pron. The one and the other ; 
the two. ^^eoni. As well ; not only ; equally. 

Botk'or (bStfa'er}, v. t. To annoy ; to trouble ; to 
perplex, —v. i. To feel care ; to worry ; to be 
troublesome. — n. Annoyance ; worry. — Botk'> 
or-atioil (-a'shttu), n. vexation. 

Bots (bSts^, Botts, n. pi. Small worms, larvae of 
the botfly, infesting the throat, stomach, and 
intestines of horses. 

Bottlo (b8ft*l), n. A narrow-mouthed vessel for 
liquids ; the contents of a bottle. •» v. t. [BoT- 
Ti.BD(-tnd); BoTTUBo/] To put in bottles. 

Bot'tom (b5f tlim), n. The lowest part of any- 
thing ; the foundation ; the base ; a valley ; the 
keel of a vessel ; the vessel itself ; endurance ; 
stamina, —v. t. [Bottombd (-tdmd) ; Bottom- 
mo.] To found or build; to furnish with a 
seat or bottom. — i v. i. To be based. •— a. 
Fundamental; lowest; under. — Bot'tom-lOSSt 
a. Without a bottom ; fathomless. 

ilBon'dolr' (bd5'dw8r'), n. A lady's private 

Bougk (bou), n. A large branch of a tree. 

llBon'lUon' (bod'yen' or booP-), n. Broth ; soup. 

Boul'der, n. See Bowldbr. 

llBon'lo-vard' (bSo'le-var' or -Ift-viirdO, n. Orig., 
a bulwark ; now, a broad avenue in a city. 

Bonnoo (bouns), V. i. [BouNCBD (bounst) ; Boun- 
ciRo.] To leap or spring suddenly. — t*. f. To 
drive against anything suddenly ; to eject vio- 
lently. — n. A sudden leap ; a sudden blow or 
thump ; a bold lie. — Bonn'GOr ( boun'&er ), n. 
One who bounces; a bold lie; a liar; some- 
thing big. — Bovn'oixif, a. Stout ; lusty. 

Bound (bound), n. External or limiting line ; a 
limit ; extent ; boundary. — v. t. To limit ; to 
end ; to terminate ; to name the boundaries of. 

— Boundless, o. Without bounds or limits, 
infinite. — Bonnd'a-ry (-^-rj^), n. A limit. 

Bound (bound), V. i. To move with a spring ; to 
jump ; to rebound, as a ball. — n. A spring. 

Bound (bound), imp. & p. p. of Bikd. Made fast 
by binding ; confined. — Bovnd'on (bound'^n), 
a. Obligatory; binding. 

Bound, a Destined ; tending ; going. 

Bonnd'a-ry, n. See under Bound, a limit. 

Bounty (boun'tj^), n. Goodness; generosity 
munificence ; a premium (to promote'manufac- 
tures, induce exdistments, ete.). — BomftO-OU 
(-t^-tis), a. Disposed to give freely ; generoua 

— Bonnti-ftll (-tT-f 9I), a. Free in living. 

a, e, I, o, a, long ; &, «, i, 6, a, f, short ; senftte, dvant, tdea, 6bey, finite, cAre, ttrm, Ask, ^1!. fimr^ 




BoiHLlMtf (bO&-ki^, II. A no m n y ; % bnndh ol 

flowers; perfume; aromatic odor. 
Bonr-geois' (bOr-joiB'^, n. A kind of type, in 

size between long pnmer and brevier. 

5;^^ This line is in bourgeois type. 

UBonr-gaoiS' (b55r-zhw&'), n. A Frenchman of 
midcUe rank ; one of the shopkeeping class. 

Bovm (b5m), Boune} n. A stream ; a rivulet. 

Bcram (b3m or bCorn), Boime, n. A bound ; a 
limit; a goal. 

Bool (bout), n. A conflict ; a contest ; an essay. 

Bo^^ne (biS'vin), a. Pertaining to cattle of the 
ox kind. 

Bow (bou), v.L&i, [BowBD (bond) ; Bowing.] 
To bend down ; to incline. — n. An inclination 
of the head, in respect or recognition. 

Bow (bou), n. The rounded put of a ship for- 
ward ; the sten^ ; the prow ; one who rows a 
forward (or bow) oar in a boat. 

Bow-<b5), n. Anything bent, or in the form of a 
curve ; a weapon, of elastic wood, etc., for pro- 

Elllng arrows ; a looped knot ; a flddlestick. — 
iWknaltf (bS'nOtO, n, A knot formed with 
a loop or bow, readily untied. — Bow'-lonod' 
(-1^^'), a. Having crooked legs, the kneesbent 
outward. — BowfBlftB (-man); n. An archer. 

Bow^Ol (iKn/Sl), n. One of the intestines ; an en- 
trail; a gut. — f. t. [BowKLBD (-Sid) or Bow- 
■LLBD ; BowBUNO or To take out 
the bowels of ; to eviscerate. 

Bow'er (bou^r), n. One who bows or bends ; an 
anchor carried at the bow of a ship. 

Bowser (bou^r), n. One of the two highest cards 
in the game <k euchre. 

Bow'or (bou^r), n. Anciently, a chamber (mt bed- 
room; a cottage; a shelter in a garden; an 
arbor, —v. t. To embower ; to inclose. 

Bowl (bSl), n. A concave vessel to hold liquors, 
or its contents. 

Bowl (bSl), n. A ball for roUing on a level sur- 
face ; pi, a game thus played. — v. t. [Bowlbd 
(b31d) ; BowLiNO.l To roll (a bowl) ; to pelt 
with anything rolled. — v. i. To play with 
bowls ; to move rspidly and smoothly. 

BowPdor (bSl'dSr), Boul'dor, n. A large pebble. 

Bow^lno (bS'lTn), n. A rope to hold a sail to 
the wind. 

Bowline (bSl^ng), n. A playing at bowls, or 
rolling the ball at cricket; the game of ten- 
pins. — Bowling alley. A covered place for 
playing at bowls or tenpins. 

B o w ^Sl p rl t (bS'sprTt), n. A spar, projecting over 
the stem of a yessel, to carry sail forward. 

B<nc (bOks), n. A case or receptacle ; the quan- 
tity that a box contains ; an inclosed space with 
seats in a tiieater ; a small house ; the driver's 
seat on a coach ; a tubular bearing for an axle 
in machinery. — v. t. [Bozxd 0>8kst) ; Box- 
ni«.1 To inclose in a box ; to incase. 
OZ (boks), n. A tree, having hard, smooth wood, 
used fcMT engraving, tools, etc. ; a shrub, used 
for borders m gardens. — Boz^wood^ (-wdbd^), 
n. Wood of the box (tree). 

Box (bSks), n. A blow on the head or ear with 
the hand.— iV. L Jk i, [Boxnd (bSkst); Box- 
ore.] To strike or flght with the fist. — Box'- 
er, n. A pugilist.— Boxing, n. Fighting with 
fists; sparring. 

Boy (boij, n. A male child ; a lad ; a son. — Boy'- 
AOOd 0>oi'bd6d), n. State or period of being a 
boy. — Boy'lsll, n. Like a boy ; childish. 

Boyoott (boi'kSt), V. t. [Botcottxd ; Botoot- 
TiNO.] To combine in refusing to deal with. » 
n. A boycotting. 

Bnoo (bribi), n. A prop ; a support ; a clasp ; a 
strut ; tension ; a bandage ; in printing, a curved 
line connecting two or more words or lines, 

thus, j ^^^^i I ; a pair ; couple ; a curved handle 

to rotate a boring tool, ^v.t [Braced (brist) ; 
Bracino/I To furnish with braces ; to secure. 

Bnoo'let (brSsHSt), n. An ornament claspiugl 

Braok'en (brKk"n), n. Fern. [the wrist. I 

Bnok'et (briOc'St), n. A projection from a wall 
or column to support weight ; in printing, one 
of two characters [ ], used to inclose words. 
^v.t. [Bracketed; Beackbtino.] To place 
within, connect with, or support by, brackets. 

BnidElall (brSk'tsh), a. Saltish ; salt. 

Braot (brSkt), n. A small leaf or scale, from 
which a flower proceeds. 

Brad (brXd), n. A thin nail, with small head. — 
&rad awL An awl to make holes for brads. 

Brag (brXg), «. i, [Braooed (brSgd) ; BRAGonre.] 
To praise one's self ; to swagger ; to boast ; to 
bluster ; to vaunt. — n. A boast ; a game at 
cards. — n. Boastful ; pretentious. — Brag'- 
gart (-gSrt), n. A boaster ; a vain fellow. 

Braid (OTad), V. t. To weave or entwine (several 
strands into one) ; to plait. — n. A band of in- 
tertwined strands. 

Brain (brSn), n. The soft mass within the skull 
which is the seat of sensation and perception ; 
the understanding, —v. t. [Brained (brSnd) ; 
BRAINI^o.] To dash out the brains of. 

Brake (br5k\ n. A fern ; a thicket. 

Brake (brak), n. An instrument to break flax or 
hemp ; the handle by which a pump is worked ; 
a harrow ; a drag ; a contrivance for stopping 
wheels, etc., l^ friction. — Brake'Bian, n. One 
in charge of brakes on railroad trains, etc. 

Bram1)le (brSm'b'l), n. A prickly shrub. 

Bran (brSn), n. The outer coats of grain sepa- 
rated from the flour ; husk. 

Branoh (branch), n. A limb ; a bough ; a shoot ; 
a division; a department. — a. Diverging from 
or tributary to (a main stock, line, way, etc.). ^ 
V. t. & t. [Branched (br&ncht) ; BRANcmNO.] 
To divide. — Branohlet, n. A twijj. 

Bran'ohi-al (brSn'kT-al), a. Pertaining to, or 
performed by nieans of, gills, as of fishes. 

Brand (bri(nd), n. A burning or burnt piece of 
wood ; a thunderbolt ; a sword ; an iron instru- 
ment used for burning a mark (upon a cask, 
horse, criminal, etc.) ; a stigma ; a disgrace ; a 
quality ; a kind. ^ v. U To bum or mark with 
a brand ; to stigmatize. 

On, ne0Bt| IMi* nida, f 911, ftm, ftfod, itfbt, out, oUt chair, so, sine Ml^ thoo, ttilk 




Bran'dllll (brSn'dTsh), v. t. [Bkandubbd (brSn'- 
dTsht) ; Brakdishimo.] To wave (a weapon) ; 
to shake ; to nourish, ^n. A flourish. 

Bnisd'-lMW' (br8nd'nu')i a. Quite new, as if 
fresh from the forge. 

BnUL'dy (brSn'dj^), n. Ardent spirit distilled 
from wine, cider, fruit, etc. 

Brant (brSnt), n. A kind of wild goose ; — called 
also brand goose and brent, 

Brasll (brSsh), a. Hasty in temper; brittle.— 
n. A rash or eruption ; refuse bouglis of trees ; 
truck ; fragments of ice. 

Bra'sier (bra'zhSr), Bra'zlor, n. One who works 
in brass ; a pan for holding coals. 

Brass (br&s), n. A yellow alloy of copper and 
zinc ; impudence. — Brazs (braz), v. /. To 
cover or solder with brass. — Brass'y (brAs'jh, 
Bara'ZOn (bra'z'n), a. Pertaining to, or made 
of, brass; harsh; loud; impudent. 

Brat (brSt), n. A child ; — in contempt. 

Bra-va'do (brA-vS'd*), n. / pi. Bbavadobs (-dftc). 
An arrogant menace ; a boast ; a brag. 

BraTO (brav), a. Courageous; bold; fearless; 
high-spirited.— n. A brave person ; an Indian 
warrior. — v. t. [Bbavsd (brSvd); Bkavino.] 
To encounter courageously ; to dare. — Brav^ 
•r-y (^r^), n. Courage : ostentation. 

Bra'vo (bra'vo), n. ; ^l. Brayobs (-vftz). A dar- 
ing villain ; a bandit ; an assassin. 

Bra^O {hn/\t ), interj. Well done I — expreaaiye 
of applause. 

Brawl (brftl), v. i. [Brawlsd (br^ld) ; Brawl- 
ing. ] To quarrel noisily ; to roar, as water. — n. 
A noisy quarrel ; a contention. — Brawl'or, n. 

Brawn (brf^), n. Full, strong muscles ; strei^|th ; 
the flesh of a boar. — Brawn'y, a. Having 
strong muscles ; muscular ; bulky. 

Bray (bra), v. i, [Bratbd (brad); Bratino.] 
To pound, rub, or grind to powder. 

Bray (bri), v. i. To utter a harsh, grating noise. 
— n. The cry of an ass ; any discordant sound. 

Braze, Brazan, etc. See under Brass. 

BreaCA (brSch), n. A break ; a gap ; an infrac- 
tion ; a quarrel ; a difference ; a misunderstand- 
ing.^ v./. [Brsachsd (brScht) ; BRSACHnro.] 
To make a breach in walU by artillery. 

Braad (brfid), n. Food made of flour or meal ; 
provisions in general. — BreadlmiV (br6d'- 
fritf), n. A Paciflc island tree, whose iMrk is 
made into cloth, and whose fruit, when baked, 
resembles bread, and is eaten as food. — Broad'- 
Stnlf^ (-stfifOt n. Corn ; meal ; flour. 

Breadtll (brSdth), n. Broadness ; width. 

Break (brSk), v. t. {imp. Brokr (brSk), {Obs. 
Brake) ; p. p. Broken (bro'k'n), {Obs. Broke) ; 
p. pr. Brbakino.] To part or open by force ; to 
rend ; to crush ; to destroy ; to tame ; to make 
bankrupt; to remove from office. — v. t. To 
part asunder ; to appear ; to dawn ; to burst ; to 
become bankrupt ; to change suddenly ; to fidl 
out ; to terminate friendship. — i n. An open- 
ing ; a breach ; a pause ; failure. — Break'er, 
n. One who, or that which, breaks; a wave 
breaking into foam against the beach, a rock. 

etc. ; a msoUne for breaking rocks : a nnall 
water cask. — Break'a-Ue (brSk'&-b*l), a. 

Break'down^ (brak'doun^ ), n. A breaking down ; 
downfall ; a noisy dance. 

Break'fast (brfik'fost), n. The first meal in the 
day. ^ V. t. To eat the morning meaL 

Break'neok' (brak'ngk^, n. A steep place, en- 
dangering the neck. —a. Headlong ; rapid. 

Break'np' (brilk'fip'), n. Disruption ; dispersion. 

BrealCwa'ter (brSk'wj^^tSr), n. A structure to 
break the force of waves. 

Bream (brSm), n. A food fish of fresh and salt 


Bream (brSm), v. t. [Breamed (bx^md) ; Bbsam- 
INO.] To clean (a ship's bottom). 

Breast (brSst), n. The upper fore part of the 
body ; the chest ; a teat ; the seat of the affec- 
tions ; the heart. ^ v. t. To meet ; to oppose 
manfully. — Breastlione' (-b5n0, n. The bone 
of the breast; the sternum. — Breasfpln' 
(-pTn^), n. A pin worn on the breast, as an or- 
nament or a fastening; a brooch. — Breast'- 
8 late' (-plat'), n. Armor for the breast.— 
ireasfwork' (-wfirkO, n. A low parapet for 

Breath (brSth), n. Air respired ; life ; breeze ; 
an instfnt. — Breathless (-ISs), a. Out of 
breath ; dead. 

Breathe (bretfa), v. i. [Breathed (brStfad); 
Breathino.] To respire; to live; to take 
breath ; to rest ; to exhale ; to emanate, —v. t. 
To respire ; to exhale ; to put out of breath ; to 
suffer to take breath or to rest. 

Breech (brSch or brTch), n. The lower part of 
the body behind ; the hinder part of anything, 
esp. of a firearm, behind the chamber. ^ v. t. 
[Breeched (brecht or brTcht) ; Brebchino.] To 
furnish with breeches or a breech. — BreeCJl'es 
(brTch'Sz), h. pi. A garment worn by men, 
covering the hips and thighs. — Breeohlnc 
(brlchMng), n. That part of a harness around 
the breech of a horse ; a rope preventing a can- 
non from recoiling too much. 

Breed (brSd), v. L [Bred (brSd) ; Brbbdino.1 
To generate ; to beget ; to hatch ; to nurse and 
foster ; to instruct ; to occasion ; to produce ; 
to give birth to. —v. t. To bear and nourish 
young. — n. A race or progeny from the same 
stock ; pn^ny ; offspring. — Breed'lsi^, n. 
Formation of manners ; education ; training. 

Breeze (brSz), Breezeray (-fliOi n. A fly which 
buzzes about animals, sucking their blood. 

S, 8, 1, 5, «, long ; ft, «, I, A, tt, t , short ; eenftte, <Yen^ tdaiS 6bey , fbiite, cAn, ttnn, Ask, «]!, fli^ 


Bnni (brli), n 

cbAf cofei, brickq, ^i*^ 
Bnnl (bT«Di), n. Bm 

Bnri (brE>), n. A n 

Fftuied with gsntlv br 


2^^- fistt 

BrtTl-a-iy (brB-vt-t-.}), ». a book DODUlulug 

Cbe Ronun Cttbolic or Gnek Cbunli Hrrlce ; 

ui abridnnent ; no apltome- 
Bii-tIit' (brt-iii'), n. fiuuU prlsttng tjpe. Is 

■iia between bourgeUi kod mbiioo. 

^^^This line ia printed in brevier type. 
BTOTl-tT (brtv^-tj), .1. BhortnOM ; coocueueH, 
Biiw (bni), v. <. [fl««wiD (brfld); 1 

M-nd*' (I 

BidU. — Bilj'«- 

mx' im'ar-Rl . > 

(brlg't-dEr'lin'- 9 
fc^. The offl- ' 

nuudfl H brigedei 

bi rmnk between ■ coltmel vid it nu^or EenenJ- 

Brit'luA 1br1g:'<iDd). n. A Unleu feUow wbe 

^iTSfl by plunder i •■ robber; e freebooter. 

IpJUI-llM (brlpTta-On), r ' '"■-' - " 

.ng,he.mgr - - ■ 


if preparatLoti.^*. MLxture 
fonned by bnwiiig. — Bnw'aT, n. — Bnw'. 
try l-iT-J), n., Biiw ksOM. A pUce when 
beer U brewed. — BhWIbIt n- A prepering 
(beei, lie, etc.) ; Ilia qnwUtJ brewed it once ; 

BllM (brib), n. A gilt to corrupt (he conduct 

Dl tbe receJyer.— e.<. A i. [Bbibh. (brfbd) ; 

BUUHS.I lo corrupt or uosmpllih bj gUU. 

-BllbW,a.-Brtl^-r(-ir'J)>n- AbriH^i 

Brto'-a-hno' (brTk't-bri(k'),n. Collectsdcurlo*- 

BllOk (brTk)^ n. Ablochof burned clay; brJckf, 

(brllrt) ; Bhcuho.] To Uj, pai'o, or construct 
with brick*. — BriijkTwr. n. A Imument of » 
brick. — Brlok'Mlii'(-kn').'i- A kiln, in -Mcb 
bricki >re baked or burnt. —Bil<ik1ar«i. '^ 

tb bricki 

B (bnd), 1 

J married, i 


PartunLng to a bride or a weddiiia ^ nuptial.^ 
n. A wedding: a marriaga. — BiUs'KrDam' 
{-grOom'), II. A man newly married or about to 
be married. — Btldo'liuld' Ibridr'madOi ». 

at bar wedding. 
BMf ('>rl]). "■ .- - - - - 
—F.I. [Bunam (hrljd) : Bai 

CATTjIng a road 
■"■'■1 "rappo"- 

dl« (bri'dl), n. An inatnmieDt (0 gorem 

lUDLHi (-d'ld) ; Bbiduho (-dling),] To put 

d (brgf), 0. Short; limited; aununarj.^n. 

■r%rI1r),'tol'U'. n. A prickly plant or ibmb. 
Brt'«-T C-*r^)i o- '"U o( brieta ; thorny. 

m, noral, ttrb, rgda, ffU, fin, Mbd, f At, oat, « 

BtIsU (brit), o. Shining; brilliant; elear; In- 
telUgent ; viiaclDua ; witty. — Blickt'on (brif - 
'n), V. U ^ i. [BsioHTEHiD (-'nd) ; Buasr- 

BlUIUnt (brTl'yant), a. Sparkling irltti luateri 

angles ; the aotaileat alie of BngUib ^pe. — 

BiUIUittlr, (Kfe. — Bill'lluit-nMi, Bill'- 
llann (-jimi), BiIlllui-07 l-yan-af ), n. 
MBI (brim), n. Rlra; border; edge; margla) 
— c. i. [Bnaaaa (brTmd) ; BsuwHe.] To 

Full to tbe top 1 completely f uU. — Brlm'mm', 
n. A bowl full to the top. 

I'ltoni IhrTm'stEnl, n. Bulphnr. 

■art (brltfdM), Brtn'dlri (brln-dTd), a. 

eaked; ipotted. — BrlA'dl* (-d'l), n. Btata 

; apottodqcaa. 

[Bbocshi (br|^) 1 B 


Brtne (brin), n. Wi^r impregnated with ealt ; 

Ibo ocean or lea; leara. — V. I. To lalt by 

Bteeplng in brine or sprinkling with It. — 

BrlA'T. B. Salt. 
Bilni (bring), 0. ( 

IMO.] To convey o 

BllllI Ibrlak). n. Full of spirit or life 1 aCti-n 

nimblo ; gay, — BlllltlT. ad". — BiliX'ntM, n. 

BrlaOMt (Srfgni«I), «. Tbe breaat of an animal ; 

Brtirttl (brlf'»'l), n. A ihort rtiff, coarse lialr. 
as of swine. -n. (. * i. fBBun,an (■.■«); 
BlISTLIBO (-sltng).] To irtand erect and stiff, 
— BrUTlr (-alj). a- Thick net with bristles J 

Bllf Ilk (brlt^sh), a. Pertaining lo Orea Brit- 
ain or Its InhabltanU. 
BrtfOB (brlf Bn), o. Brltlah. — n. A native of 




Bnaoh (biSeh), n. A tapering tool ; a spit, or 

Sin. ^ V. I. [Bboacbsd (brScht) ; Bboaohqio.] 
'o raeree ; to tap ; to let out ; to make public. 
Broad (brftd), a. Wide; extended in breadth; 
ample ; coarse ; gross ; obscene. — Broad'on, 
V. t. & i. To gro^ or make broader or wider. 

Broad'az' (brad'Sks^), Bread'axe't n. An ax with 

a broad edge, for hewing timber. 

Broad'oasV (brnd'k&st'), n. A casting seed from 
the hand in sowing. — a. Widely spread. 

Broad'oletll (brfMinclSth), n. Fine woolen cloth 
for men's garments. 

Bread'sword^ (brftd'sordO* n. A sword with a 
broad blade and a cutting edge ; a claymore. 

Bro</oo-li (brSk^k^-lT), n. A kind of cabbage 
resembling cauliflower. 

Brc/gan (brS'gSn), n. A coarse shoe. 

Brogue (brog), n. A corrupt dialect or pronun- 

Broil (broil), n. A noisy quarrel ; a tumult ; al- 
tercation ; discord. 

BroU (broil), v. L [Bbozlsd (broild) ; BboHiEHO.] 
To cook over coals or on a gridiron. ^ v. i. To 
be greatly heated. — BroU'OT, n. 

Broke (brSk), imp, &p. p. of Bbkak. — BroOcen 
(brS^'n), a. Partea by violence ; infirm ; hum- 
bled ; contrite ; subjugated ; ruined. — Bn/- 
ken-ly, adv. — Bro'ken-hearTod (-hSrt^d}, a. 
Crushed by grief or despair; forlorn. — WN/- 
ken-wlnd^ed (-wTnd^Sd), a. Having short 

Breaker (brS^Sr), n. One who transacts business 
for another ; an agent. 

Bro'ma (brS^mft^, n. Aliment ; food ; cocoa pre- 
pared for a dnnk. 

Bro'Mlne (bro'mTn or brS'min), n. A chemical 
element, related to chlorine and iodine. — Bro'- 
mldo (-mTd or -mid), n. A compound contain- 
ing bromine. 

Bron'Glil-al (brSn^kT^l), Bron'ohlo (-ktk), a. 
Belonging to the bronchi (^* bronchial tubes ") 
or air passages of the lungs. — Bron-Chl'tis 
(-ki'tTs), n. Inflammation of the bnmchial 

Bron'oho (brSn'ki), n. A small Western or Mex- 
ican horse. " 

Bronze (brSnz or br5nz), n. A hard alloy of cop- 
per with tin, zinc, etc. ; the reddish color of this 
compound ; a statue, medal, etc., made of it. •— 
t*. /. To redden or harden. 

Brooch (brSch), n. An ornament ; a breastpin. 

Brood (brSod), n. The young birds hatched at 
one time ; offspring ; progeny. — a. Sitting on 
eggs ; kept to breed from. —v. i. To sit on and 
cover eggs or young; to sit quietly; to medi- 

Brook (brd6k), n. A small stream of water. 

Brook (brd6k), V. t. [Bbooksd (brd6kt) ; Bbook- 
iNo.] To bear ; to put up with ; to tolerate. 

Broom (br5om), n. A plant having many twigs ; 
a besom, or brush for sweeping floors, etc. — 
Broom com. A species of Sorghum, bearing a 
head of which brooms are made. — Broom'Stiw 
(•stTk^), n. The handle of a broom. 

Broth (brSth), n. liquor in which flMh, etc., has 
been boiled ; thin soup. 

Brotll'er (brtttfa'Sr), n. ; pi. JBeothsrs (-Srz) or 
BBKTHaRH (br6tfa'r8n). A son of the same pa- 
rents ; a near associate ; a companion. — Brotll'- 
er-ly, a. Becoming brothers; affectionate. — 
Broui'er-kood ( -hd6d ), n. state of being a 
brother; fraternity. —Broth'er-in-laW (-tn- 
Ijt'), n. The brother of one's husband or wife ; 
a sister's husband. 

Brougk'am (broo'am or broom), n. A light, 
close carriage. 

Brow (brou), n. The ridge over the eye, with 
the hair that covers it ; the forehead ; the eye- 
brow ; countenance ; the edge of a steep place. 

Browbeat' (brou'bef), V. t. [imp. Bbowbeat ; 
p. p. Bbowbsatbm (-befn) ; p. pr. BBOWBaA.T- 
INO.] To bear down with Ktemuess ; to bully. 

Brown (broun), a. Of a dark color between black 
and red or yellow, ^n. A color resulting from 
mixture of red, black, and yellow; a tawny hue. 
— V. f. & t. [Bhowkkd (bround); BBOwnma.] 
To make or become brown. 

Brown'ie (brouni), n. A good-natured house- 
hold spirit. 

Browse (brouz), n. Tender branches of trees 
and shrubs; green food for cattle, etc. —v. t. 
& i. To feed on branches ; to graze ; to pasture. 

Bm'in (bru^n), n. A bear. 

Bmise (bruz), V. i. [Bruissd (brnzd) ; Bruis- 
ing.] To hurt with blows ; to crush ; to mash, 
—v. i. To box. ^n. An injury to the flesh of 
animals or fruits ; a contiision. — Bmis'er, n. 

Bm-nette' (bru-nSf), n. A girl or woman with 
dark complexion. 

Brunt (briint), n. Violence of an onset ; Bho<^. 

Brusll (brttsh), n. An instrument of bristies, 
etc., for removing dust, laying on colors, etc. ; 
branches of trees lopped off; brushwood; 
thicket ; a skirmish ; a slight encounter ; trial of 
speed, etc. —v. /. [Brushed (briisht) ; Bbusr- 
Dro.] To clean, rub, sweep, paint, etc., with a 
brush ; to touch slightly in passing. — i v. i. To 
move lightly. — Bnuh'wood (-wd6d), n. A 
thicket of small trees ; small branches chopped 
off. * 

Brusque (brd6sk), n. Rough ; blunt ; abrupt. 

Brute (br^t), a. Not having sensation ; sense- 
less ; irrational ; cruel ; savage ; pitiless ; coarse ; 
unintelligent. ^ n. An animal destitute of rea- 
son ; a beast ; a brutal or coarse person ; a sav- 
age. — Brutal (brw'tol), a. Pertaining to, or 
like, a brute ; inhuman. — Brutal-ly, adv. — 
Bru-tall-ty (bru-tSl'T-ty), n. QuaUty of being 
brutal ; cruelty ; an inhuman act. — Bru'tish, 
a. Insensible; stupid; gross; savage; cruel. 

Bry'O-ny (bri'd-nj^), n. A genus of climbing 

BubnUla (biib'b'l), n. A snuJl bladder of water ; 
a delusive scheme ; a dishonest speculation. — 
V. i, [BuBBLBD (-bUd) ; Bubbling (-blTng).] To 
rise in bubbles ; to run with a gurgling noise. 

Buo'oa-neer^ (btik ' k* - nSr '), Buo'a-ala', n. A 
pirate; a freebooter. 

Si 8, 1, o, a, loDg i ft, «, i, 6, 0, jr, ahort i ienAte, 6v«nt, tdea, dbey, <kiiite« cAre, firm, Aik, §11, 




Bnok (bfik), n. Lye or aads in which cloth ia 
soaked for bleachiuB, or clothes are washed. — ^ 
V. t. [BvcKBD (bOkt); Buokimo.] To soak, 
steepf or wash (cloth or clothes) ; to pulverize 
(ores in mining).— Buok'-has'ket (-b&s^kSt), n. 
A basket for taJdng soiled clothes to the wash. 

Bnok (bfik), n. The male of deer, goats, sheep, 
rabbits, etc ; a male Indian or negro ; a fop ; a 
dandy. — i v. i. To copulate, as bucks and does ; 
to spring violently, like a vicious mule. —v. t. 
To throw (a rider) by bucking ; to punish (a 
man) by tying the hands together and holding 
them over the bent knees by a stick passed over 
the wrists and under the knees. 

Bnok (b&k), n. A frame in which to saw fire- 
wood ; a sawhorse. — Bnok MW. A saw set 
in a frame, for sawing wood on a sawhorse. 

BnokOioard^ (bfik'bSrdOt n-i Bnok wa^fon 

(wSg'tln). A four-wheel^ vehicle, oonsistmg 
of a board resting on the axletrees. 

Bnok'et (b&k'St), n. A vessel for drawing or 
carrying water, etc. — BnckOt Shop. A place 
for betting on market prices of stocks. 

Bnok'aye' (b&k^), n. A tree or shrub of the 
horse chestnut kind ; an inhabitant of Ohio. 

Bno^e (bfik'k'l), n. A device for holding straps 
in place ; a bend or kink in a saw blade or other 
piece of metal ; a curl. —v. t. [Bucklkd (-k'ld^ ; 
BnoKLiNO.] To fasten with a buckle ; to bend ; 
to kink. — V. i. To bow ; to kink ; to stn^le. 

Bnond«r(bfik'klSr),n. A shield. 

Bnok^nm (b&k 'ram), n. Coarse linen cloth, 
stiffened with glue. — i a. Made of buckram ; 
stiff; precise; formal. 

Bnok^Bkot' (btik'shSf), n. Coarse lead shot, used 
in hunting deer and large game. 

Bnok'akla' (bfik'skTn), n. Skin or leather of a 
buck. pi. Breeches made of buckskin. 

Bnoktkoni' (b&k'th6mO, n. A genus of shrubs 
or trees, some of which are thorny. 

Bnok'wkoat' (btik'hwSf), n. A plant, whose 
seed is used as a grain. 

Bnd (biid), n. An undeveloped branch or flower ; 
a prominence on certain animals, which grows 
into a new animal. — v. i. [Buddbo ; Budding.] 
To put forth buds ; to sprout ; to germinate ; to 
blossom. ^ V. t. To insert (the bud of a plant) 
under the bark of another tree \ to graft. 

Bndgo (bttj), V. i. [BuDOBD (b&jd) ; Buoonro.] 
To stir ; to go ; to move. 

Badg'et (b&j^t), n. A ba^ or sack, with its con- 
tents ; the annual financial statement made in 
the British House of Commons. 

^Bnff (b&f ), n. Leather dressed with oil ; a light 

Sellowish color ; a polishing wheel covered with 
uff leather ; the bare skin. —a. Made of buff 
leather, or of its color. 

Inl'fa-lo (b&f'f&-15), n. A wild ox of the East- 
em hemisphere ; the American bison ; a buffalo 
robe, or skin of the American bison prepared 
with the hair on, as a wrap for cold weather. 
nfPor (bttfSr), n. A cushion or fender, to 
deaden the jar of colliding bodies; a buff; a 
polisher ; a good-humored, slow-witted fellow. 

Bnf-fof (bd6f -fSf ), n. A cupboaid ; a sideboutl , 
a counter for refreshments. 

Bnffet (bttf'fSt), n. A blow ; a ship ; a cuff ; an 
affliction ; a trial. ^ v. t. [Burrnso ; Bufvbt- 
XNO.] To strike ; to contend against ; to muffle 
the sound of (a bell). ^ v. i. To strive ; to 
struggle ; to force one's way. 

Bnf-f(Mn' (bttf-foon'), n. A clown ; a mimic ; a 
mountebank.— Bnf-foon', 
Bnf-foon'isk, a. Like a buf- 
foon ; comic ; vulgarly drolL 

— Bnf-foon'or-7 r-«r-y)» «• 
Jests, pranks, tricks, and pos- 
tures of a buffoon. 

Bnc (bCig), n. An insect of 
many specieis; esp., the bed- 
bug. — Bng'gy (-gy), a. In- 
fested with bugs. 

Bnc'a-boo' (bUg'^-boo'), Bnf'- 
XmW (-bftr'), n. Something 
frightful; a specter. 3^- 

Bng^gy, a. See under Buo, n. 

Bng^gj (biig'gj^), n. A light four-wheeled vehicle 
with or without a 
calash top. 

Bn'glo(bu'g'l),n. A 
horn used in hunt- 
ing or for military 
music. — Bn'glor, 
n. One who plays 
on a bugle. 

Bn'glo (bu'gn)t n. 
An elongated glass 
bead. — a. Jet 

Bn'gl0(bu'g1),». A 
plant of the mint 
kind, used in medi- 

n. A plant used in 
dyeing ; oxtongue. 

Bnhl (bul), n. Or- 
namental figure 
work of brass, unbnmished gold, etc., set into 
surfaces of ebony, tortoise-shell, etc. 

Bnhr'Stone' (bfir'stSn^), n. A variety of flinty 
quartz, valuable for millstones. [Often writ- 
ten burr^one.'} 

Bnlld (bTld), V. t. [BxTiLT (bTlt) ; Buildino. The 
regular imp. &p. p. Buildbd is antiquated.] 
To raise a structure ; to erect ; to construct ; 
to increase ; to strengthen, —v. i. To practice 
building ; to rest or depend (upon) ; to rely 
(upon), ^n. Mode of construction ; form ; fig- 
ure ; make. — Bnlld'OT, n. — Bnlld'lxig, n. Art 
of constructing ; architecture ; the thing built ; 
an edifice ; a fabric. 

Bnlb (bfilb), n. A globular root or expansion. 
— V. i. To swell. — BnlVons (-&s), a. Having 
round roots or heads; growing from bulbs; 
bttlblike in shape; protuberant. — BnlVlOt, n. 
A small bulb, produced on a larger bulb, or on 
the upper part of n plant, as the tiger lily. 

Buggy without and with Top. 

{ fim, reo«iit, drb, r^de, iigXl, ikxu, f o€>d, f <j^t, out, oil, diair, go, aingr, ink* then, ttain. 





Blllff«(bfilj),n. Protabenmt part Of ft eaak ; bilge 
ofa vessel ; a swellinff ; a bending outward. — 
v.i, [BuLQBD (bfiljd); Bulqino.]— v. i. To 
swell or jut out ; to bilgei as a ship. 

Bulk (bfilk), n. Mag^tude; size; mass; tiie 
principal portion; the whole cargo of a ship 
when stowed. — Bnlk'y {'f)t a. Big ; large. 

BnlkOiead' (bfilk'hfidO, n, A partition in a ship, 
to form separate apartments on the same deck ; 
a wall to resist pressure of water, earth, etc. 

Bull (b^l), n. The male of cattle, also of other 
animals, as of the elephant, whale, etc. ; a 
dealer in stocks who expects a rise in their 
▼alue. —a. Of or like a bull ; larae ; fierce. — 
V. t, [BuLLiD (b^ld) ; Bullimo. J To seek to 
raise the price of (stocks, etc.). 

Bull (bvl), n. A seal ; a sealed letter, edict, or 
rescript of the pope ; a grotesque blunder in 

Bnll'dog' (byl'dSg^), n. A variety of dog, of re- 
markable ferocity and courage.^ a. Unyield- 
ing ; tenacious. 

BnlFdOM' (byl'dSz/), V. t, [BvLLDOZBD (-dSzdO ; 
Bulldozing.] To intimidate ; to coerce by vio- 
lence. IColtoq, U. 8,"] 

Bul'let (bvl'lfit), n. A ball for a gun. 

Bnlle-tUL (b^l'l^-tln), n. An cHfflcial report or 

Bnll'finolL' (b^'flnchO, n. A shiging bird allied 
to the grosbeak. 

Bnll'frog^ (b^l'f rSg'), n. A larce species of Amer- 
ican frog, which bellows loudly m spring. 

Bullion (bul'yttn), n. Uncoined gold or [silver. — 
Bullien-lBt, ». One who favors a metallic cur- 
rency, or a paper currenx^ always exchangeable 
for gold. 

Bnllook (bydlfik), n. A young male of the ox 
kind ; an ox, or castrated bulL 

BnllV-oye' (bylzfiO, n. A wooden block with- 
out sheaves, for connecting rigging ; a circular 
opening for air or light; a policeman's lan- 
tern ; Uie center of a tai^t. 

Bully (btdHj^), n. ; pi, Bullibb (-ITz). A noisy, 
blustering fellow. ^ a. Joyful; jolly.— v. i. 
[BmxncD (-lid); Bulltino.] To bluster; to 
swagger. ^ v, t. To intimidate ; to insult. 

Bnl'nuui' (bvl'rtish'), n. A btfge rush, growing 
in wet hmd or water. 

Bul'waxk (bvl'wttrk), n. A fortification ; a shel- 
ter; pL the sides of a ship above the upper 

Bmn'blO-bee' (btim^*l-bS'), n. A large bee, some- 
times called humbieheet~- named from its sound. 

Bum'&ier (bfim'mSr), n. A vagrant, worthless 
fellow ; a dissipated sponger. 

Bump (blimp), V. t, & i. [BuMFBD (bfimt) ; Buhp- 
iNo.] To strike ; to thiunp. — n. A heavy 
blow ; a. swelling ; a bruise. — Bnmp'erf n. 

Bnm'ptr (bfim'pSr), n. A cup filled to the brim. 

Bnmpncln (biimp'ktn), n. An awkward, heavy 
rustic ; a clown ; a lout. 

Bump'tioiui (biimp'shfis), a. Self-conceited ; for- 
ward ; pushing. — BnmptlOllS-lieBS, n. 

Bun (biin), Bnnn, n. A small sweet cake. 

Bnsoll (Uinoh), II. A protuberanoe ; ahunoh; a 
knob or lump ; a coUeotion, cluster, or tuft, of 
things of the same kind. — v. €. [Buncbkd 
(biincht); BuvGHmo.] To swell out into a 
bunch. — V. t. To form or collect in bunchea. 

— Bunoh'y (-j^), a. Full of bunches ; growing 
in bunches ; having tufts. — Bnnck'i-noss, n. 

Bnn'OomlM (biin'kiim), Bnn'kiim, n. Bpeech- 
making for mere show; flattering talk for a 
selfish or partisan purpose. 

llBnnd (bd6nd), n. League; confederacy; the 
confederation of German states. — llBnn'doS' 
rath' (bd6nfd8s-ritt/), n. The federal councU of 
the German Empire, also that of Switzerland. 

Bnn'dla (biinM*l), n. A number of things bound 
together; a piurcel; a roll. — t*. t. [Buvdlbd 
(-a*ld) ; BuifDLiNo.] To bind in a bundle. — 
V. i. To set off in a hurry. 

Bnng (bling), n. A stopper of the orifice in a 
ciuw; the orifice itself. —^ v. I. [Bunokd 
(bfingd) ; BmroiNO.] To stop (the orifice of a 
cask) with a bung ; to close. — Bnnc^olo' 
(-hSI'), n. An orifice in a cask, for filling it. 

Bnn'gle (bfin'g'R v. i. [Bunolsd (-g*ld) ; Bmr- 
OLING (-glfng).] To act or work clumsihr.«> 
V. t. To botch. — Bun'glor (-glSr), n. — Bun'- 
gllng, a. Unskillful ; awkwara ; clumsily d<me. 

— Bnn'gUbg-ly, adv, 
Bun'ien, n. See BmnroN. 

Bnnk (b&nk), n. A case or ][)0x, for a seat or bed ; 
aberth.*^!;. i. [Bunkxd (b&skt); Buxnano.] 
To go to bed. 

Bnn'ker (bfin'kSr), n. A chest ; bin for coal, etc. 

BnnOco (bQn'kd), n, A swindling game played 
with cards'; a sham lottery. 

Bnnlen (bfin'yiin), Bnn'yon, n. An inflamed 
swelling on the mU of tLe great toe. 

Bunting (bOn'tTng), n. A bird of the Finch and 
Sparrow family. 

Bnnmng (bfin'ting), Bnntlne (-tin), n. A thin 
woolen stuff, usm for colors, fii^, etc. 

Bnnt'Une (bttnflTn or -lin), n. One of the ropes 
to haul up the body of a sail when taking it in. 

Bnay (bwoi or boi), n. A float ; a mark to indi- 
cate objects beneath the water. — v. t. Quoted 
(bwoid or bold) ; Buotihg.] . To keep afloat ; to 
keep from sinking into ruin or despondency ; to 
mark by buoys. — v. i. To fioat ; to rise by vpe- 
cific lightness. — Bnoy'ant, a. Floating ; light ; 
cheerful ; vivacious. — Buoyan-cy (-an-sj^), n. 
Lightness; the weight just sufficient to sub- 
merge a fioating body ; cheerfulnesb : vivacity. 

Buz (bflr), BUZT, n. A prickly head of a plant ; a 
ridge left by a tool in dressing metal. 

Bur'bOt (bflr'bSt), n. An eel-like, fresh-water 
fish, having beards on nose and chin ; the eel* 
pout ; the ling. 

BUT'den (bflr'd'n), n. That which is borne ; a 
load ; the cargo or capacity of a ship ; an en- 
cumbrance; an oppression."— v. I. [Bubdxnbo 
(-d*nd) ; Burdening.] To load ; to oppress. — 
BUT'den-SOms (-s&m), a. Heavy ; grievous. 

Bur'den (bflr'd'n), n. The verse repeated in a 
song ; a chorus ; a refrain ; anything often re- 

ft, S, I, o, tt, long ; ft, «, 1, 5, 0, j^, abort ; lenAte, «vent. tdea, 6bc«r, finite. cAre, iirm, ask, nU. final. 




pettted ; tbb main topic ; tlie drone of a bag- 

Bnr'dOOk (bQi/dSk), n. A weed, bearinsr burs. 

Bnfroau (bu'ri or btt-rS'), n.; pi. £. Bubsaus 
(-rS>), F. BuBKAUX (b^-ri'). A desk ; a-chest 
of drawers for clothes, papers, etc ; an ofBce ; 
an administrative department. 

Bnrg (bOrg), n. A borough. 

Bnz-geoii' (bQr-1oisO« n. Same as Boubsiois. 

Bnx'gess (Imr'jes), n. A oitisen, repreaentatiTe, 
or magistrate of a borough. 

Bnrg'grayo (bOr'gnv), n. A Oerman noble. 

Bnxgll (bdrg), n. See Bdbo and Bobouoh. — 
BvrglL'al (bfirg'al). n. Belonging to a burgh. 
— BnrglL'sr (burg'er), n. A citizen of a burgh 
or borough. 

Bux'glar (biir'glSr), n. One guilty of burglary. 

— Bnx'gla-ry (-gUk-ij^)t n« -Housebreaking by 
night. — Bnz-glA'rl-OlUI (-glS'rl-as), a. Per- 
tamix^ to burglary ; constituting the crime of 

Bu'gO-maa'tAr (bfir'g^-m&s'tSr), n. A chief 

magistrate in I>utch and Oerman towns; an 

Arctic gulL 
Bnr'gravo, n> See Buboobatb, n. 
Bux^gnn-dy (bdr'gfin-dj^), n. A superior wine, 

made in Burgundy^ France. 
Bn'rl-al (bfir'rf-al), ». A burying ; a funeral ; an 

Btt'rlB (bii'rTn), n. An engraver's tool ; a graver. 
Burl (b^l)> V. t. To dress and finish 

(cloth), ^n. A knot or lump in tliread 

or cloth ; an excrescence (m a tree ; 

Burlap (bfirnXp), n. A coarse fabric 

of jute or hemp, for bagging, curtains, 

Bnr-lASane' (bQr-18sk0f a. Tending to 
excite laughter by ludicrous images ; 
jocular ; ironical. — n. Ludicrous 
representation; exaggerated parody; 
caricature. — v, t. [Bublbsqubd 
(-IScdrt/); BuBLBSQunfo.] To turn 
into ridicule ; to make ludicrous. 

iBor-let^ (bQr-16ft4), n. A comic 

Bnxay (bOray), a. Of great bulk; 
stout; lusty. 

Bun (biini). n. A brook ; a small stream. 

Bum (bfim), V, L [BuBNXD (bfimd) or Bubnt 
(bfimt^; BUBNINO.] To consume or change the 
condition of (a thing) by fire or heat. — v. i. To 
be on fire or inflameid. ^n. A hurt caused by 
Are. — Blunder, n. One who sets on fire ; a 
part of a lamp, etc., where flame is produced. 

— Bnxnlng, a. Hot; fiery; consuming; in- 
tense. — n. A consuming ; excessive heat. — 
Bnnillg glass* A convex glass for producing 
intense ^eat by converging the sun*s rays to a 
focus. — Bnrnt offering. Something burnt on 
an altar, to atone for sin. 

Bsx'taisll (bftr^Tsh), v. /. & i. [BmunsHBD 
(-nTsht) ; Bdbhxbhino.] To polish ; to brighten. 
-»n. OIoss; luster. 


Bnx'iDOOM (bCbfnOSe or blir>n9ao^), BnxfllOIUi, 
Boiu/nons, Ber^bonso, n. A garment, of Arab 
origin, consisting of a cloak and hood in one 

Bur. See Bub. 

Bu'ro (btbr'rft), n. A Mexican donkey. 

Burrow (bfir'r^), n. A borough, m incorporated 
town ; a shelter ; a hole in the ground made by 
rabbits, etc., for shelter and habitation ; a heap 
of rubbish.— if. {. [Bubbowbd (-rftd); Bub- 
BOwxNo.l To excavate, or lodge in, a hole in 
the eartn ; to hide. 

Bu'sar (bfir'&Sr), n. A treasurer ; a charity stut 
dent. — Bu'sa-ry (-8&-rj^), n. The treasury of 
a college or monastery ; a charitable foundation 
in a university. 

Buso (bOrs), n. A bourse; a merchants* ex- 

Bust (bfirst), V. i. [Bubst ; Bubstino.] To break 
or fiy open. ^ v. L To break ; to rend ; to open 
suddenly. — ». A sudden breaking forth; a 
disruption ; an exidosion. 

Burthen (bfir'th'n), n, &v. See Bubden. 

Bu^ (bSr'ry), v. t. [Bubibd (bfir'rld) ; Burying 
(bSr'ry-Ing).] To cover out of sight ; to inter; 
to entomb ; to conceal ; to repress. ^ Buying 
grouid. Buying plaoo. A place for burying 
the dead. 

Bnsh (b^sh), n. A thicket ; a shrub ; the brush 
or tidl of a fox. —v. t. [Bushbd (b^sht) ; Bubh- 
INO.] To branch thicklv. — v. /. To support 
(vines, etc.) or harrow (land) with bushes. — 
Bnslt^ {rfh o> Thick and spreading ; full of 
bushes; overgrown. 

Basil (bysh), n. A ring, or lining of metal, l«t 
into an orifice. —v./. To line (a pivot hole, 
etc.^ with a bush. 

Basll'el (bysh'Sl), n. A dry measure, of 4 pecks. 

Bus'i-ly, Bnsi'ness. See under Bust, a. 

Busk (bosk), n. A strip of steel or whalebone to 
stiffen corsets. 

Bnsk(b!isk^ v,t. &L To prepare ; to array. 

Bnsldn (bos^Tn), n. A half boot, formerly 
worn by hunters and tragic actors. — Bus^dned 
(-kind), a. Wearing buskins ; tragic. 

Buss (bOs), n. A kiss ; a smack. — v. i. To kiss. 

Bnss (b!is), n. A small two-masted vessel, used 
in the herring fishery. 

Bust (bfist), n. A statue of the head, shoulder 
and breast ; the trunk of the body. 

Bua'tard (btistSnl), n. A bird of the Ostrich 

Bus^e (bfis'sn), V. i. [BuBTLXD (-B*Id) ; Bus- 
TUNO (-8lTng).1 To stir quickly ; to be rudely 
active. — n. Great stir ; commotion ; fuss. 

Bustle (blSs'sn), n. A cushion worn by women, 
to expand the skirts behind ; a toumure. 

Bus'y (bTz'zj^), a. Engaged in bu^ess ; occupied 
with serious affairs ; dili^^ent ; active ; foolishly 
active ; offlciotis ; meddling ; fussy. — v. L 
[BusiBD (bTz'zTd); Busying.] To employ; to 
occupv. — Bus'i-ly (btz'zl-iy), adv. — Busl'- 
nass (bTz'nSs), n. Employment ; occupation ; 
concern; mercantile transactions; traffic. — 

lini, recent, drb, r||de, f ^ ttrn, food, f^n^t, out, oil, diair, go, sing, iQk, then, Uiin. 




Bnal'ness-llke' (bTz'nSs-likOi a. Serions; 
gacioua ; judicious. — BUB'y-bod'y (-bSd'j^), n. 
One who otticiouBly conoerus hinueU with oth- 
ers' affairs. 

But (bfit), prep.^ (xdv.y & eonj. Except ; besides ; 
unless ; save ; only ; solely ; merely ; yet ; fur- 
ther; still; nevertheless. 

Bnt, n. See Butt. 

Bntcll'er (b^ch'Sr), n. One who slaughters ani- 
mals) for the market ; one who kills wantonly ; 
one given to slaughter. — v. t. [Butchsbbd 
(•ird^ ; BuTOHBRiNa.] To kill or slaughter (ani- 
mals) for food or for market ; to murder. — 
Bntoll'or-ly (-Sr-lj^), n. Grossly cruel and 
barbarous ; murderous. — Bntoll'or-y (bych'- 
Sr-j^), n. Business of a butcher ; carnage ; mas- 

But end, Butt end. See under Butt, n. 

Bntler, n. A servant in charge of liquors, etc. ; 
the head servant in a large house. 

Butt (b&t), Bnt, n. A limit ; a bound ; a goal ; 
an end ; the larger end of a thing ; a mark to 
be shot at ; aim ; one at whom ridicfile or con- 
tempt is dhrected ; a thrust given in fencing or 
by the head of an animal ; a square joint in car- 
pentry } a hinge ; land left unplowed at the end 
of a field. — V. t. To strike with the head. — 
V. i. To join at the end ; to terminate ; to 
strike with the head.— Bntt end, Bnt end. 
The larger or thicker end. 

Bntt (bfit), n. A large cask or yessel, containing 
two hogsheads ; a pipe. 

llBntte (but or bd6t), n. An isolated peak or ab- 
rupt elevation of land. 

Bnt'ter (b&f tSr), n. An oily, unctuous substance 
obtained from cream by churning, —v. /. [But- 
TBBBD (-tSrd) ; Buttkrino.] To cover or spread 
with butter. — BnVter-y (-ter-y), a. Having 
the qualities or appearance of butter. — n. A 
place for keeping milk, butter, etc. ; a panti^. 

Bntter-onp' (bfif ter-kQp^), n. A plant having 
bright yellow flowers ; crowfoot ; kingcup. 

Bntter-fly' (bfif tSr-fliO, n A lepidopterous in- 
sect, one species being of a bright yellow color. 

Bnt'ter-ine (bQt'tSr-Tn), n. An imitation of but- 
ter, made from animal fat. 

Butter-mlUc^ (b&t'tSr-mTlkO, n. Milk remaining 
after the butter is separated from it. 

Bntter-nnt' (b&fter-niit'), n. An American tree 
of the Walnut family, and its edible oily fruit ; 
the nut of a tree of South America ; — called 
also Souari nut. 

Bnt'ter-y, a. &n. See under Buttbb, n. 

Bnt'took (bfit'tiik), n. The rump, or protuberant 
part of the body behind ; the convexity of a 
ship behind, under the stem. 

Button (bfit't'n), n. A small ball; a knob; a| 
catch, to fasten together parts of a dress, to se- j 
cure a door, etc. ; a bud or germ of a plant. '— 
V. t. & i. [Buttokbd (-t'nd) ; Buttohiko.] To 
fasten with a button. 

Button-hole' (bfif t'n-holO, n. The hole hi which 
a button is caught. — 1>. t. To hold by the but- 
ton ; to detahk in conversation ; to bore. 

Bntton-WOOd' (bfitt'n-wMdO, n. The American 
plane tree, producing rough balls ; "^called also 
buUonbalt trety and sycamore. 

Bnt'treSB (biiftres), n. A projecting support to 
the exterior of a wall ; support, —v. /. To sup- 
port by a buttress ; to prop. 

Bn'ty-ra'oeoiu (bu^tT-ra'shiis), Bnty-zons (bu'- 

tl-rils), a. Having the qualities of, or like, 
butter. — Bn-tyr'lo (bu-tlr'Ik), a. Pertaining 
to, or derived from, butter. 

Bnx'om (b&ks'iim), a. Healthful and vigorous ; 
comely ; jolly ; frolicsome. 

Bny (bi), V. L [Bought (bftt); Butimo (bi'- 
Ing).] To purchase; to acquire by paying a 
price for. —v. t'. To negotiate or treat about 
a purchase. — Bny'er (bi'Sr), n. 

Bnzz (btiz), 17. i. [Buzzed (buzd) ; Buzznre.] To 
make a low, continuous, humming sound, as 
bees ; to speak with a low, humming voice. — 
V. t. To make known by buzzing ; to spread (a 
report) by whispers; to talk persistently or 
confidentially. — n. A continuous, humming 
noise ; a whisper ; a report spread secretly or 
cautiously. — Bnzz saw. A circular saw, which 
makes a buzzing sound when revolving rapidly. 

Bnz'zard (bfiz'zS'd), n. A bird of prey, of the 
hawk kind. 

By (bi), prep. Near; close 
to ; next to ; beside ; from 
one to the other side of; 
past ; with ; through means 
of ; in presence of. — adv. 
Near.; present; past; be- 
yond. — a. Out of the 
common path ; aside. 

By (bi). Bye, n. A thing not 
directly aimed at; an ob- 
ject by the way ; in cricket, 
a run made upon a missed 

By'-end' (bi'BndO, «• A. pri- 
vate end or interest ; a secret 

By'^one' (-g5n0, a. Pftst ; gone by. — n. Some- 
thmg gone by or past ; a past event. 

By'-law' (binft/), n. A local or subordinate law ; 
a private law or regulation. 

By'patll' (bl'p&thO, n. A private path ; an ob- 
scure way ; indirect means. 

Byplay (bi'pla'), n. A scene carried on aside, 
or in dumb show, while the main action pro- 

By'-prod'not (bi'prSd'&kt), n. A secondary or 
additional product ; something produced, as in 
manufacture, besides the principal product. 

By'road' (bi'r5d'), n. A private or obscure road. 

By'Stand'er (bl'stSnMer), n. A looker-on ; a 
spectator ; an observer. 

By'way' (bi'wa^), n. A secluded or obscure 
way ; a path or road aside from the main one. 

By'WOrd' (bi'wdrd'), n. A common sajdng; a 
proverb ; the object of a contemptuous remark. 

By-zantine (bT-zSntTn), a. Pertaining to By- 
zantium, now Constantinople. 


ft, 9,1, 5, a, long; 4,6, 1, j^a,ti abort {■aBftte,6vent,tdfla,6bey,ttnite,cAr«,ttnn,&8k, nil, final, 


aab(UCb),«. AUndctf mnUaa; kobrh 

0«bfk»>),n. AHabnvd^mauimofaj 
Os-Iwl' <U>-bIl'),-B. AnuidlMrotpenaiui 


uiiiLblc : 

retoloed by taiton «ucu v^v-i^ 

tolodse.— 1.(. 'fiiconflDeini 

boy. A boy who wllU on pet* 

0«Mn.« (Mb^-nSi), il A c]«et 

_ _ l-b«l^j. __ 
re. — Oa-billtr, 
arden pUnt, JuvIdb 

— DaVIn-stmatn 

Oatla (ki'b'l), n. A larm, atnniR rops oi chuiu, 
eontaiuiDK a telegrapliicwlre.— 1>. I, lotaateu 

ngejCbrougba cable. — Os'blS-Eram' l-gtiia'), 

Rp A Ifile^rap^ic meuiige sent by a cabM. 
Oa-boou' |kt.bra>'), n. The cook nmn of • 

■hip ; ■ gilley : s tool car on a rallToad. 
OaVn-o-l>f {UBi'Tl-t-m, n. A i>ii»hone cac 

rlaRa with two seats and a ca'"""" '"~ 
0»«a'a <k4-ka1 «■ kal ' 


■Oaotai (kkb), n. Ah 

— v.t. To hide n>odi 

Orobon' (ki'ihse'J, n. 

The chocoUM tn 


OWkls (ktk^l), K. i. To make a nolH like 

tLx I prUUe, — Oai^klw, "■ — Ov/^iat, n. 
OKOtni (hftkrclli), n. A genua of prickly trogdci 

Oal(kU).n. AdHrrkeeperaf j 

•n BngUih omnibus ; a vnU fl i 

«r fehov. - Old'Udl, a. 1 

Lowbred and presumrDg. ' ' 

"- ■*— 1 {k*-d».'8r-HB), I 

O&'ly fkMM J>, n. ,- oi. C. 
DIB (-dit). A tmalTboi 

lOal) (U'dT), IL ATin«Ulsdg& 
Oil'mtam (Udlnl-DM}, %. A metal nliMI to 

lOa^n'oa-u [k4.du'>t-n>), n. 
IM'UI (tS'iSr), n. A Roman Ei 

by a llngle poraoq chosea by populai 

||Ol'U'(kt'ft'], It. {F.J AcoDee-boiisei 

Ou»(kaj), B. An iDcIosure for birdi C 
— ■-Tasta. — B. L [Casan (tSid); 

n,'ii. SeeCa 

,kBra),n. At- 
. in (kSViSn), n. 

STk^Ifjfnf °i 

tuDB Or cauaeof misery ; dlnater; mishap.. 
Oa-Un'l-tou (-tils), n. IHstreidng;frrlenHU 
diaastnHU. — <k-Um'l-t«ni-ly, adv. — a 

C'i-mfis), «. ,' ni. Gauin (- 
oane \ sveet nag. 
<kt.Ufab'),f>. Alight carriage wi 

OatOk^HU (ua-hji'rt-tis)| o. Of then 

ORl'Dl-utl (kU'sT 

oildlze. — n. i. To be converted into a powder 
or friable aubttanee. — Oal-da'ai (-sin^-), n. 
- Oll^Gl-Iuttlan (IdQ ' «T - ni 'shHnl, n. Tile 

line. - 0«l'i 

Oii'aB^to~<kn'ka-iit), v. t. 

t. Art, isd«, lyll, On, fAd, lOM, at 



pnUtlon ! rsckonliig. — OIl^l■-UnT■ 

.li). a. Part^nln 

jn-Ut(ir(-t«r). B. One 

Oal'ds-lu (WkS-itU), a.; 

OarOion (kilMTtia). n. A Urgs kuMlB or boilar. 

fM'm-Oti (ui'Sn-dgr), n. Ad ulniuiiu: : i teg- 
irter. — V. I. [CjU-ebdaud [-<)3rd) ; ClLIVIus- 
IHO.] To enter or wrEU Ld a CfJaudu. 

Oil'm-dM (WQ'gn-dBr), n. A hot prsM, uisil to 
makfl clotij8t p^per^ etc., smooth, eveoi 4od 

derliig' — V. I. [CtLDITimil Hiid) ; Cuui- 

thl flMby m; 

0«11-lW (UBt-Mr), Oil'l-bn, n. Weight of i 

buUet ; bom of t gun ; menUI uptdtv. 
Otll-M (km-M). n. ; pi. Cuuxw (-Ui). I 

Otl'l-lHMli' (Ud^-pfah^, n. TbntpHtorataitls 

belonging to tba upper aliell. 
0«l'l-p^U111-p5'S,'i- Tli»tp«t 

lon^g *- "■- ■— " 

0«l'l»-tll»ll'l«» (WO' , 

n. ting. Healthful tad gracaful bodilj vlvu- 

Oallx (kiaTki). n. A cap. B« C<u.n. 

Oalk (k»lt), B. I. [CiiMO (^tkt)i Cumra,] 
To ab^ Uh Biiiiu of (■ >hlp), lo prevent leak- 
ing; toahaipeii tba iboeiaf (a IhKve Of ox>i to 
pravflnt alipplog ; lo woonj {one foot) vith % 


Ad addKi 


tBl To 

Jl'ar, n. — Oill'lnf, n. 
0«J4ljrt«-pllT(kK-lIg''r»-fJ), n. Ba 
tnanihlp. — Oal-llri>-PUiil 1-nn), 
Gil 11-iuli', Oil'll-JW', n. Bee Ciurtm, Cui- 


Oil'lDn*'lT, -f- fill 'Imi nwi. ■■ — Oil- 
bn'l-ty (JSaa-l^), IL A hornf -hacdneH of 

OalOow (ktnt), a. Deatittils of toatbani un- 
fledged; ImmUvre. 

Oalm (kiim), a. Still ; quiet ; undliturbed i pea«- 
fuJ ; Iruiqidl ; pltcid. — n, Servnity ; qmeL ^ 
tr. t. fCtLUD IkKmd); Ciuuio.f To Kill; 
to sootlie. — atlmly, luft. ^ OaUs'nui, n. 

Oal'»-m>l (UDt-mSl}, n. A mild chloride of 
Dwrcury, uaed u modidbo. 

Oa-ln^G (kt-lOr^k). n. Principle or matter of 
heat. — l)At».IIl^ (Ua'STlflk), «. Produ. 
cing he«t ; beatiua. 

Oal'n-iBal (kSFII-inlt), n. Indlui pipe ol peace. 

Oal'Dm-nr (kU'llm-i^), n, FiJae and nialicioui 
aceuntion: aluderf Hbeli abuK. — Oa-lDB'- 
Ill-«M (kt-lnm'nl-it), T. (. To a«uH faUely ; 
to anwne : to defame ! to Tllify ; to traduce : to 
tlaB(-Dl-&'ahlIii),n. Falae 
- - ■ - r (k*- 

■unMbHHii ajHDoer. — uii-l 

lOm'nl-B^),*. Ailandersi „ 

('nI-na),0«-lWi'Hl-«-IO-rT(-A-tl-i}), D. Blao- 
'-• — latmr. — 0«-limi'Bl-on»-tir, adt. 

. ,, -. L To bring fortli a coif. 

(kl!ki),n.,' Bl. E. Cuu (-Sz). 1~ Cu^ 
{ku'aSii. Theeutbyieaiduun ' ' ' ' 

Oaln (kKr), 

( kim'brik), n. 

Ouna, imp. of CoHi. 

aMI'el(fcbn'a), •>■ A large Adatlo ud AMcu 






mmiiiaat qoadmped ; a oontriTauee for lifting 

ahipa over shoals. 
|Oa-m«lll-a (k&-m8iaT-& or k&-mel'y4), n. A 

genus of ornamental plants. 
Oa-mel'O-pard (k4-mSl'd-pKrd or kSm'Sl-), n. 

The giraffe; an African ruminant quadruped, 

remarkable for its long neck. 
Oam'0-0 (kSm't-A), n. ; pi. Camiob {-oz). A stone 

or shell carved in relief. 
Oam'e-ra (kSm'$-r&), n. A vaulted roof or oeiling ; 

the camera obscura used by 

photographers. — II am era 
obscnxa ( 5b - sku ' i& ^. An 
apparatus in which images 
ox external objects are 
thrown u p o n a surface 
within a darkened box. 

Oam'0-mlle (kSm 't- mil), 
Oliam'0-mile, n. A bitter 
plant, used in medicine. 

Ounp (kSmp), n. Ground 
on which tents, etc., are erected for shelter ; a 
body of persons encamped in the same spot. — 
V. t. [Gamfbd (kSmpt) ; Camfino.] To afford 
rest or lodging for (an army, or travelers).^ 
V, i. To rest or lodge ; to encamp. 

Oam-paign' (kXm-pSn'), n. The time that an 
army keeps the field ; a political canvass. ^ v. i. 
To serve in a campaign. — Gam-palgU'er, n. 
One who has served in campaigns ; a veteran. 

Oun^pbene (kSm'fSn or Uhu-fen'), n. Oil of 
turpentine. [Sometimes written camphine.'} 

Oam'phlre (kSm'fir), n. Old spelling of camphor. 

Oam'pbor (kXm'fSr), n. The solidified sap of an 
East Indian tree. — Gam'plior-ate (-5t), v. t. 
To impregnate with camphor. — Gam-plior'io 
(kXm-for^k), a. Pertaining to camphor. 

Oam'pi-OB (kftm'pT-&n), n. A plant bearing poi- 
sonous berries. 

Oan (k&a)f »• A cup ; a metal case or vesseL -• 
V. L To preserve (fruit, etc.) in airtight cans. 

Oan (kXn), V. i. limp, Ck>ULD (kd6d).] To be 
able ; to have power. 

Oa-naF (ki-nfi'), n. An artificial waterooarse ; a 
duct for passage of liquids or solids. 

OGa-nardMl^nitrd' or kft-nKr'), n. [F.] An ex- 
travagant fabrication ; a hoax. 

Oa-na^ (kA-nS'rj^), n. Wine made in the Canary 
Isles ; a singing bird of the Finch family. — 
a. Of a pale yellow color. 

Oan'cel (k&i'sSl), v. t. [Canoslsd or Canokllsd 
(-sfild) ; Gancbling or Canobllino.] To blot 
out ; to annul, or destroy. — Gan ' eel - la ' ted 
(kSn'sSl-la't5d), a. Marked with cross lines. — 
Oan'cel-la'tloil (-IS'shttn), n. A canceling. 

Oan'cer (kXn'sSr), n. The Grab, a sign in the 
zodiac ; a tumon often becoming an ulcer, and 
rarely cured. — Oan'oer-ate (-St), v. i. To grow 
into a cancer. — Oan'oer-Olia C-^)f ^ Like, con- 
sisting of, or affected with, cancer. — Gan'Oll- 
fOffBL rkSnlcrT-fdrm), a. Crablike ; cancerous. 

Oan'de-lanunm (kSn M£ - la ' brtlm), n. ; pi. L. 
Cahdklabba (-br&), E. Gandblabbums (-brttmz), 
A branched candlestick ; a chandelier. 

Oai^dld (Idb/dTd), a. Fair; ingenuous ; Just ; 

frank; unreserved; equitable. — Can' did -ly, 

adv. — Gan'dld-neaa, n. 
Gan'dl-date (kSn'dT-dtt), n. One who seeks, or 

is selected for, office. — Gan'di-da-07 (-d4-sj^), 

Gan'di-dato-sllip, Oan'di-da-tiire (-dt-tur), n. 
Position of a candidate. 

Gan'dle (kSn'dU), n. A cylinder of combustible 
substance, inclosing a wick, to furnish light. — 
Oan'dle-llgllV (-lit^), n. The light of a candle. 
— Gan'dle-mas (-mas), n. The festival (Feb. 2\ 
of the purification of the Virgin Mary. — Gan'- 
dle-atlGk' (-stTk^), n. A utensil to hold a candle. 

Oan'dor (kSn'dSr), n. Fairness ; sincerity. 

Oan'dy (kXn'dj^), v. L To conserve in sugar ; to 
form into crystals, as sugar. ^ v. i. To change 
into sugar, or be formed into crystals, ^n. A 
preparation or confection of sugar. 

Gane (kSn)i »• A reed ; a walking-stick ; a staff. 
^ V. t, [Gahbd (kSnd) ; Ganino.] To beat with 
a cane ; to furnish with cane or rattan. — Cane'- 
Imike' (kan'brSkO, n. A thicket of canes. 

Ga-nine' (ki-ninO» a. Like a dog. 

Oan'il-ter (kXnts-tSr), n. A box or case for tea, 
coffee, etc., also for shot fired from a cannon. 

Guilrar (kXn'kir), n. An ulcer in the mouth ; a 
disease of animals and plants ; anything which 
corrupts or destroys, —v. t. [Gahkbbbo (-kSrd) ; 
Cankbbiho.] To eat ; to corrode ; to pollute. ^ 
V. i. To become corrupt or malignant ; to waste 

Oanlial OOal' (kSn'nn kSlO- A hard black coaL 

Gan'nl-lial (kSn'nT-bal), n. One who eats humui 
fiesh. — Oanlll-bal-Ulll (-Ts^m), n. The eating 
of human flesh by man ; cruelty ; barbarity. 

Gannon (kXn'nfin), n. A great gun ; a firearm for 


discharging heavy shot. — Gan'non-ade' (-SdO, 
n. An attack with cannon, ^v.^&i. To attack 
with cannon. — Oaimon tall. Shot thrown by 
a cannon. — GaiUien sllOt. Cannon balls; the 
distance a cannon will throw balls. 

Oan'not (kSn'nSt). ICan-^nof] Am, is or are, 

Ga-noe' (kftp^nSoOf *>. A boat formed of the trunk 


of a tree, or of bark or skins. ^ v. i. [Gahobd 
(-nS5d') ; Ganobino (-n55Tng).] To manage a 
canoe ; to ride in a canoe. 
Gan'on (kSn^n), n. A law or rule ; the genuine 
books of the Scriptures ; a church dignitary. — 

ftoit noent, drb, rude, f^^ Am, food, fdbt, out, oU, eliair, go, sinsi ^11^, tbeiit tliia* 




Oaafon-en (-Ss), n. A woman who enjoys a 
prebend. — Oa-non'iO (k&-nSn'nE), Ga-BOn^O- 
al (-T-kal), a. Pertaining to a canon ; accord- 
ing to the rule. — Oa-mui'lo-al-ly, adv. — Gan'- 
on-lze (kSu'fin-iz), V, t. To place upon the 
catalogue of saints. 

Oan'O-py (kSn'd-pj^), n. A covering over the 
bead. — V. L [Gakopisd (-pTd); Ganopxiho.] 
To cover with a canopy. 

Oant (kSnt), V, L To incline or place upon the 
edge ; to give a sudden turn or impulse to ; to 
cut off an angle from. ^n. An angle ; an incli- 
nation from a horizontal line ; a sudden thrust. 

Oant (kSnt), n. An affected, singsong mode of 
speaking ; a phrase hackneyed, corrupt, or pe- 
culiar to some profession ; religious phxaseology ; 
hypocrisy; slang of gypsies, thieves, and beggars, 
—a. Affected, inelegant, or vulgar ; — applied 
to language, —v. t. To whine. — Gant'er, n. 

Oan't (k&nt). Colloquial contraction for can not. 

Oan'ta-leap (kSn't&-i6op), Gan^-lonpo, n. A 
small variety of muskmelon. 

Oanta-ley'er (kSu^t&.iSv/Sr), Gantl-larer, n. a 
bracket for supporting a balcony, the eaves of a 
house, etc. 

Oan-ta'ta (kSn-tii'tft), n. A poem set to music. 

Oan-tOMl' (kSn-tSnO, n. A vessel for liquor; a 
barrack tavern. [Written also cantine.l 

Oan'ter (kSn'tSr), v. i. [Gamtkrbo (- terd) ; Gav- 
TBiUNo.] To move in a moderate gallop, —v. t. 
To ride upon a canter. ^ n. A mc^erate gallop. 

Oan'tl-cle (kfin'tl-k'l), n. ; pi. Gantiolbs (-k*lz). 
A little song ; pi. the Bong of Solomon, a book 
of the Old Testament. 

Oan'to (kSn'tS), n. / pi. Gahixw (-tOz). A section 
of a long poem. 

Oan'ton (kSn'tiin), n. A political division of a 
country. — «. t. [Gantonkd (-tfind) ; Camton- 
nro.] To divide (territory) into districts ; to 
allot quarters to (troops). 

Oan'toa crape' (kSn'tttn krSp'). A soft, thm 
silk fabric, for ladies' scarfs, shawls, etc. — 
Ganton flannel. Cotton flannel. 

Oan'vas (kibii'vas), n. Coarse cloth for tents, 
sails, etc. — Gan^vas-baok^ (-hXk'), n. A seap 
duck, named from the marking of its plnmi^. 

Oan'vass (kSn'vos), v. t. [Canvassed (-vast); 
Caitvassino.] To sift ; to examine thoroughly ; 
to discuss ; to debate ; to go through in the way 
of solicitation, ^v. i. To solicit votes, interest, 
subscriptions, etc.^n. Close inspection; dis- 
cussion; solicitation. — Gan'Tasft-er, n. 

Oan'y (ka'nj^), a. Consisting of, or abounding 
with, canes. 

Oaont'ohono (koo'chook), n. India rubber ; gum 

Oap(kSp), n. A covering for the head; top.— 
V. t. [Capfbd (kSpt) ; CAPPmo.] To cover the 
head or top of ; to complete. 

Oa'pa-ble (ka'p4-b'l), a. Possessing ability, ca- 
pacity, or intellectual power ; able ; qualified ; 
efficient; skillful. — Ga'pa-bU'i-ty (-bTlT-tj^), 
Ga'pa-ble-neaa, n. 

Oa-pa'Oions (k&-pa'shfis), a. Having capacity ; 

large ; roomy ; specious ; comprehensive. — Oa- 
pa'olona-ly, adv. — Ga-pa'clons-neas, n. 

Oa-pao'l-ty (kA-pSsnt-tJ^), n. Power of receiving 
or containing ; extent of room or space ; ability ; 
skiU. — Ga-pa(Kl-tate (-tat), v. t. To fit. 

llGap'-a-pla' (kftp/A-pS'), adv. [OF.] From head 
to foot. 

Ga-par'l-aon (kA-pSr^I-sOn), n. Trappings for a 
horse. — v. t. To dress pompously ; to adorn. 

Gape (kSp), n. A neck of land extending into 
the sea ; a headland ; a neckpiece of a garment. 

Ga'par (kS'pSr), v. %. [Capbrbd (-p§rd) ; Gafbb- 
iNa.] To leap sportively ; to skip ; to dance. — 
n. A frolicsome leap, spring, or jump ; a prank. 

Ga'lper (ka'pSr), n. The flower bud of the caper 
bush, used for pickling.^ Gaper bnah or tree. 
A genus of shrubs, some of which bear berries, 
and others pods. — Ga'JHir-lNa^ry (-bgr'ry)! n. 
The fruit of the caper, lued as a condiment. * 

Gap'U-la-ry (kXp'n-lt-rj^ or kArpTina-if), a. Re- 
sembling a hair ; long and very slender ; per- 
taining to capillary ^bes or vessels. — n. A 
fine vessel or canal, esp. one connecting the ar- 
teries and veins. 

Gapl-tal (kSpT-tal), a. Pertaining to the head, 
or to the forfeiture of the head (or life) , first 
in importance ; principal ; excellent, ^n. Head 




or upper part of a column ; a chief city or town ; 
stock in trade ; a capital letter. — Gap'i-tal-ly, 
adv. In a capital manner; finely. — Oapital 
letter. A letter of different form and size from 
those in which the body of a page is printed ; 

thus: - pica CAPITALS and 


TAIiS and small capitals ; diunond capitals ud 
■MALL oAPiTALB. — Gapltal stook, the fund of a 
trading company. — Gap'1-tal-Ut, n. A man of 
large property. — Gap'1-tal-lze (-iz), v. i. To 
convert (money or stock) into capital ; to print in 
capitals. — Gap'l-ta'tion (-tS'sh&n), n. A num- 
bering of persons ; tax upon each head ; poll tax. 

Gap'l-tOl (kSp^-ti$l), n. A temple in Bome ; a 
government house. 

Ga-pit'n-late (k&-pTt'6-lat), v. i. To surrender on 
stipulated terms. — Ga-pltn-lation (-la'shfiu), 
n. A reducing to heads or articles ; act of sur- 
rendering to an enemy upon stipulated terms ; 
an instrument containing terms of agreement or 
surrender. — Ga-plt'n-la'tor (-la/t2r), n. 

GalKm (ka'p*n or kS'ptin), n. A cock gelded, to 
improve his flesh for the table. 

Ga-prioe' (kft-prSsO, n. Sudden or unreasonable 
change of mind ; fickleness; a freak ; a whim ; a 

S» e, I, o, a, long i &, fi, 1, 5, ft, ti "liort s lenAte, tvent, tdea, 6bey, ttnite, oAre, Jirm, &Bk, ||U, fln^ 





fancy. — Ga-pxl'cions (-prTsh'tLs), a. Governed 
by caprice ; whimsical ; unsteady ; captious. — 
Oa-prl'doiuhly, adv. — Oa-pxt'clons-ness, n. 

Gap^n-com (kSi/rT-lcdm), ». The lOtb sign of the 
zodiac, into which the sun enters about Dec. 21. 

Gap^Si-cnm (kSp'sT-kfim), n. A plant producing 
red or Cayenne pepper. 

Oap-alzo' (k&p-siz'), v. t. [Gapsizbd (-sizd') ; Gap- 
siziMG.] To overturn.^ n. An upset 

Oap'Btan (kSp'stSn), n. A machine for weighing 
anchors in ships, or raising a 
great weight. 

Gap'snle (kSp'sul), n. Seed ves- 
sel of a plant ; cup ; shelL — 
Gap'sn-lar (-su-i3r), Gap'sn- 
la-ry (-la-rj^), a. Pertaining to, 
or hollow like, a capsule. 

Gap'taln (kSp'tTn), n. A com- 
mander of a ship, company, 
etc. ; a warrior. — Gap'talll-Gy 
(-^), n. Rank, post, or commission, of a cap- 
tain ; leadership. — Gap'taill-Slllp, n. Condition, 
post, or authority of a captain ; skill in war. 

Gap'tion (kSp'shfin), n. A certificate affixed to a 
legal instrument ; the heading of a chapter, etc. 

Oap'tiOllS (kSp'sh&s), a. Apt to find fault or to 
cavil ; petulant ; fretful ; peevish ; perverse. — 
Gap^ouB-ly, adv. — Gap^ttons-ness, n. 

Gap'tlve (kfip'tTv), n. A prisoner. —a. Made 
prisoner ; confining. — GaiKtl-Tate (-tT-vSt), v. t. 
To capture ; to overpower with excellence or 
beauty; to charm; to fascinate. — Gap^tL-va'- 
tion (-vS'shfin), n. Act of captivating. — Gap- 
tiv'i-ty (-tTvT-tj^), n. Imprisonment ; bondage ; 
subjection. — Gap^tor (-t§r), n. One who takes 
a prisoner or prize. — GaptUTO (-tur), n. A 
seizing ; seizure ; thing taken. — v. t. To seize. 

Oar (kar), n. A cart ; railroad carriage ; chariot. 

Oar'a-bine (kSr'&-bin), n. See Cabbinb. 

Oar'a-COle (kSr'&-kol), n. An oblique movement 
of a horse ; a spiral staircase, —v. i. To wheel. 

Oar'a-mel (kSr^A-mSl), n. Burnt sugar ; a kind 
of candy or sweet paste. 

Oar'a-pace (kSr'&-pas), Gar'a-paz (-pSks), n. 
The upper shell of a turtle, crab, etc. 

Gai/at (kar'St), iu A weight of 4 grains, used in 
weighing gems; l-24th part (said of the fine- 
ness of gold). 

Oai'a-yan (kXr^&-vSn or k8r'&-^n0, n. A company 
of travelers, pilgrims, traders, or showmen ; a 
wagon or train of wagons, for conveying beasts 
or goods ; a van. — Gar'a-Yan'sa-ry (-vSn's&-rj^), 
n. An Oriental inn. 

Gai/a-yel (k8r'&-vSl), n. A light, round, old- 
fashioned ship ; a French fishing boat. 

Oai/a-way (kSr'i-wa), n. An aromatic plant and 
its seed. 

Oarnhlne (kSrn>in), n. A short gun, used by 
mounted troops. — Gar'bi-Xieer' (-bT-ner'), n. 
A soldier armed with a carbine. 

Oar-boFlo (kSr-bSlTk), a. Pertaining to an acid 
derived from coal tar and other sources, caUed 
cartxMe acid, phenic addy and phenol, and used 
as a diidnf ectant. 

Garnbon (kKr'bQn), n. Pure charcoaL — OarOto- 
na'oeons (kiir'M-nS'shtis), a. Pertaining to, 
containing, or composed of, carbon. — Gax^lMn- 
ata (klu/bSn-tt), n. A salt formed by union of 
carbonic acid with a base. — Gar-bon'io (-b5n'- 
Tk), a. Of or pertaining to carbon. — Gar'- 
bon-lf er-ons (-bon-Tfer-iLs), a. Producing, or 
containing, carbon or coaL 

Gar^boy (kSr'boi), n. A globular bottle protected 
by basket work. 

Gar'inm-Ole (kSr'bttn-k*!), n. A gem, of deep 
red color, with a mixture of scarlet ; a garnet ; a 
malignant boil. — Gar-bnn'cn-lar (-b&n'kfi-lSr), 
a. Like a carbuncle ; red ; inflamed. 

Gar'cass (kar'kas), n. The dead body of an ani- 
mal ; a corpse. 

Gard (kfird), n. A piece of pasteboard, prepared 
for various uses ; a written or published note ; 

£1. a game played with pieces of pasteboard 
taring distinguishing marks. — Gard ' board ' 
f-b5rdOt ^' S^iff pasteboard. ~ Gard'oaaO' 
(-kas^), n. A case for holding cards. 

Gurd (kSrd), n. An instrument for combing wool 
or fiax, or cleaning the hair of animals. ^ v. t. 
To comb with a card. 

Gar'da-moin (kfir'd&-miim), n. A plant yielding 
an aromatic seed used in medicine. 

Gar'di-nal (k'ar'dT-nal), a. Principal ; chief. — 
n. One of the ecclesiastical princes constituting 
the pope*8 council ; a woman's short, hoodea 

Gare (kdr), n. Anxiety; solicitude; concern; 
trouble ; oversight, —v. i. [Cared ( kSrd ) ; 
Caring.] To be anxious; to be disposed; to 
heed. — uax^fol (kSr'ful), a. Anxious; cau- 
tious ; watchful ; saving. — Garo'lol-ly, adv. — 
Gare ' ful - nesa, n. — Gare ' less, a Without 
care ; heedless ; inattentive ; remiss. -^ Gare'- 
les8-ly, adv. — Gare 'less- ness, n. — Gare'- 
WOm' (-wSm'), a. Worn or wearied with care. 

Ga-reen' (k&-ren'), v. t. & i. [Carkbnbd (-rSnd') ; 
Garbsning.] To incline to one side, as a ship. 

Ga-reer' (k&-rer'), n. A race; course; proce- 
dure. — V. i. To move or run rapidly. 

Ga-ress' (kft-rSs'), v. t. [Carbssbd (-rSsf ) ; Ga- 
BB8SING.] To treat with fondness or kindness ; 
to fondle ; to court ; to fiatter. — n. An act of 
endearment. — Ga-ross'lng-ly, adv. 

Ga'ret (ka'rSt or kSr'St), n. A mark [ A ] noting 
omission in written matter. 

Gar'ao (kSr'gft), n. Freight of a ship. 

GaT'l-bon (kSr'T-boo), n. A quadruped of the 
reindeer kind. [Written also carribou.'X 

Gar'l-Ga-tnre (kSr'T-k&-tur), n. A ridiculons 
likeness. — v. t. To burlesque. — Gar^l-oa-tU'- 
rist (-tu^rTst), n. One who caricatures. 

Gar'1-Ole (kSrT-ol), n. A small, open carriage. 

Garl (kUrl), n. A robust, hardy man ; a rude, 
rustic man ; a kind of hemp. 

Gar'man (kSr'man), n. A man who drives a cart. 

Gar'mine (kSKmin), n. A pigment, of red or 
crimson color, prepared from cochineal. 

Gar'naae (kSr'naj), n. Slaughter ; havoc. 

Gar^naT (klb/nal), a. Fleshly ; sensual ; lustfuL 

fSm, xwent, Orb, rude, f ^ ttzn, f dbd, tdbt, out, oil, cliair, go, nnsi iQk, tbeo, thin. 




^Oaxfua-W (kXr'taal-iy), adv, — OftT-aaM-ty 
(kSr-nU^-t^v n. Sensuality ; groesneas. 

Oai-liatlon (kar-ni'shfin), n. Flesh color; a 
flower, a species of clove pink. — a. Pink. 

Oar-nerian (kKr-na'yan), n. A variety of chal- 
cedony, of a deep red or reddish white color ; 

Oax^e-oni (kttr'nt-Qs), a. Consisting of, or like, 
flesh. — Oar'nl-fy (-uT-fi), v. i. To form flesh. 

Oar^nl-val (kSr'nf-val), n. A festival celebrated 
with merriment before Lent ; riotous revel. 

Oar-nly'O-roiU (kKr-nYv'd-rQs), a. Feeding on 

Oar-nOB'i-ty (kiir-n5s^-tj^), a. A fleshy excres- 
cence ; a fungous growth. 

Oaz'Ol (kSr'Ql), n. A song of Joy or of devotion, 
^v. t. [Casolsd (-tUd) or Cabollsd; Gab- 
cling or GAsoLLUio.] To praise in song, ^v, t. 
To sine ; to warble. 

Oaz'om (kXr^tim), n. A shot in billiards, hi which 
the ball struck by the cue touches two or more 
other balls. ^ v. t. To nu^ a carom. 

Oa-rot'id (k&-r5t^d), n. One of the two great 
arteries in the neck. 

Oa-ronse' (k&-rouz'), v. i. To drink in a jovial 
manner. — Ga-ronae', Ga-rona'al (-roua'ai), n. 
A drinking match ; a jovial banquet. 

Oarp (ki&rp), V. i. [Garfbo (kiirpt) ; Cabpino.] 
To censure, cavil, or find fault. — OaZP'lllg, a. 
& n. Fault-finding. — Gaxp'lllg-ly, adv. 

Oarp (karp), n. A soft-finned, fresh-water fish. 

Oar^el (kSr'pgl), n. A 
simple pistil, or a part of 
a compound pistil. 

Oar'pen-ter (kUr'pSn-tSr), 
n. A builder of houses 
or ships. — Gaf^an-txT 

(-trj^), n. Art of build- Carp, 

mg; woodwork. 

Oar^et (kSr'pSt), n. Heavy fabric for covering 
floors. — t'. U [Gabfbtbd; Cahfriho.] To 
cover with a carpet. — Gai/pat-lng, n. Materi- 
als for carpets ; carpets in general ; act of cover- 
ing with a carpet. — Gar^pat-bag', »* A travel- 
er's hand bag. 

OarMagO (kXr'rTjV fi. Act of earring ; convey- 
ance; vehicle; aemeanor; behavior; conduct. 

Oazfrl-er (kSr'rT-Sr^, n. One who, or that which, 
carries ; a kind of pigeon. 

Oazfrl-on (kXr'rT-fin), n. The dead and putrefy- 
ing flesh of animals. ^ a. Relating to, or feed- 
ing on, carrion. 

Oax^om, n. & V. See Carom. 

Oar'tOt (kSr'rttt), n. A, mxAen vegetable, of a 
reddish-yellow color. ~ 08X^101-7,0. Like a car- 
rot in color or taste. 

Oar^ (kSKry), v. t. [Cabribd (-rid) ; Cabbt- 
me.] To convey ; to bear ; to urge ; to transfer 
(from one column, page, book, etc., to another) ; 
to effect; to behave; to demean. —v. i. To 
convey or propel ; to bear. 

Oax'ry-all' (Ur^rT-ftlOt »• ^ Us>^t four-wheeled 

Oart (k'art), fi. A two-wheeled carriage, for heavy 

eommoditie8.^v. t. To convey on a cart. — 
Oart'aga (-tj), n. Act of carrying in a cart ; 
price paid for carting. — Oarfor, n. A teamster. 

Gar-tel' (kSr-tfil' or kEr'tSl), n. An agreement for 
exchange of prisoners ; a challenge. 

Gar^-laia (kttr'tT-ltj), n. Gristle ; an eburtic tis- 
sue. — Dax^ti-lag'i-noiia (-ISjt-ntts), a. OrisUy. 

Oar'tridge (kiir'l^j), n. A charge for a firearm, 
inclosed in a case or shell. 

Gax'im-Gla (Ubr'fiQ-k'l), n. A small, fleehy ex- 

Oanre (kSrv), v. /. & i. [Garyxd (kttrvd) ; Cabv- 
iMO.] To cut (wood, stone, etc.) in a decorative 
manner ; to cut (meat, etc.) into slices ; to ap- 
portion to. — Oarv'or, n. — Oarv'tng, n. A cut- 
ting wood, stone, etc. ; a device or figure carved. 

Gaa-oada' (kSs-kad'), n. A small waterfall. 

Oaaa (kas), n. A covering, box, or sheath ; a box 
and its contents ; the quantity contained in a 
box. ^v. t. [Casbo (kast) ; Casino.] To cover 
with or put hi a case. — Oaae knlfa. A knife 
carried in a sheath ; a large table knife. 

Oaae (kas), n. That which falls, comes, or hap- 
pens ; event ; circumstance ; condition ; plight ; 
state ; an instance of sickness or injury ; a pa- 
tient under treatment ; matters of fact in a law 
suit ; variation in form of a substantive, indica- 
ting its grammatical relation to other words. 

Oase'liard^Oll (kSa'hiir'd'n), V. t. To harden (iron) 
by converting the surface into steel. 

GaM'mate (kSi'mSt), n. A bomb-proof chamber 
for cannon. 

Oaae'Ueilt (kSs'ment), 91. A glazed and hinged 
window frame. 

Oa'se-ona (kS'sl-Qs), a. Of or like cheese. 

Gaall (kftah), n. A Chinese coi^r coin, worUi 
about one tenth of a cent. 

Gaall (kXsh), n. C<iin or specie ; ready money. 
^ V. t. [Cashed (Idbht) ; Gashino.I To con- 
vert into, or exchange for, money. — OaalllMOkt 
n. A book for recording receipts and expendi- 
tures of money. — Oaab-iar' C-Sr^)* *^ one in 
charge of the money of a bank, etc. 

Oaali-iar' (kXsh-Sr'), v. t. [Cabhibbbd (-SrdO ; 
Cashibbino.] To dismiss from office or discard 
from service or from society. , 

Oaahfrnero (kXsh'mSr^, n. A rich and cosUy 
woolen stuff for shawls, etc 

Oaa'ilia (ka'sTng), n. A covering ; a case or box. 

Oaak (kuk), n. A small barrel-shaped vesseL ^ 
V. t. To put into a cask. 

Oaa'kOt (k&s'kSt), n. A small chest for jewels, 
etc. ; a burial case. 

Ga8<llie (k&sk), n. A helmet. 

Oaa'sa-va (kas'sA-vi), n. A species of manihot, 
yielding tapioca. 

Gaa'Bla OKSBh'4), n. A species of laurel ; a sheap 
kind of cinnamon. 

Oaa'il-mere (kSs'sT-mSr), n. A thin, twilled 
woolen cloth. 

Oaa'aook (kls'sfik), n. A close, long coat worn 
by clerg3rmeh. 

Oaa'io-wa-ry (kls'sft-wft-rj^), n. A large bird, 
resembling the ostrich. 

ft, 9,1, 5,11, long; A,«,I,5,il,tt«lM»ti 8enftte,«vent,td«a,6bey,fliiite,cAre,ibnn,Aak,§ll,fiBal, 


OMt {Uit> e.L aci. [OuTi Ounn.1 lo 

throw ; to fling ; to bound ; to farm ; to Clllcu- 

thing throwDT oi dUUncQ through vbicb It lj 

Ou^-nat(Uitt-ti«t), rh An IniCnimait rUUed, 

Dast'a-wiy (Uaffc-wE), n. Ad abandoned pe> 

•0D{ « tenrobtite.— o. p--— --■■- — ■ — 
Dutt l^i*t). n. A Sied di 
Ou^-lia (Ui'Un-liD), n. A govamot o( 

Outal-lA'Wl (Uitn-lt^Sd), a. Ti 

Oufn (UiA«r), n. One who wtii 

cruet, to coutiiin condimeote At t 

OM^-flta (Us^I-git), t.'t To punUh 
by ttripea l lo correct ; to chutLie. — 
()M'tl-E>'tlail (-gl'mhlin).D. Punli 
chuClienient. — Ou'tl-tt'tn, n. — OutlJlft- 
»-IT(-gi-t«-tJ),o. Comoti™ ; puniu™. 

flu^ loapf (kOctS or kb-ta' •Sf). A Sna 
aoap, nude with olive oil and eodL 

Out^ (hM^nghfl. ThoMtotonewhocHU; 
■ thing oa>t In a mold ; warping of a board. <— 
OMtla(B*t Anetc*M*nddra»n,hidiithui- 
Uon from anal tint la aal and left. — OmUhc 
Tola*! OMttOf Ttl*. The TOU ot a prtHlding 

of (be houa an equally dlTlded. 
OM^<klin),n. AlOTtlSHIrHldancaitortnaai 


•ioiidlT, — Ou^-tl-tT (-ol-tr), *. An MX* 

dent; death; uiMortune. 
Dat<hJlt),n. A domertk: animal ; tuUa uwd la 

Ahlpa ; n whip ; a game of balL 
Oafa-olma ( Ut ' I - klli'm ), n. An aiteulra 

OafA-OOMti (kXf ^'ui), n. A cne or aubUmi- 

0«^%y»7 (^i^W^). "■ Buddeniuroendon 
of the aenna and of voUtlou. — Oat>-lgptla, 
(■Kp'tik),'!. FeitaiaiBgto,orllka, calalepa}'. 

Oat'a-liifiw(hIi't-U!g), H. A list or ennmeratioa 
of naiuea or artlclei airuged OMthodlcally. *« 
t.l. To make a UU ot. 

Oc-WpA (kl-tU'p*}, B. A tree having laig* 
leaveeand Onvmw. 

cVDaieting of pieces oi 

Oafi-momil <hIC*4nouni)rn."~ 

Oafl-pUmCklt/t-plli'm).!!. A 

Ott'R-niiit (uf A-rtfkt),' n. A great VUerlalli 

Ok-Unll' (h^Uir'}, n. Influumal'ion ot the mu 

the head or lunga. — Oa-UrIi'iI (-al), a. Par 

0«-U^^pba(kl-tS*'trt-tl], n. The final event: 

(kA-HtOA), n.' An Anwrlcan red grape 

with a caatle. 
Outor (Uetir), n. 
hind of broadclotb. 

a, to coier (the king) 

1' (UEVlJr oil')' Cathartic vegetable on. 

»d well fo 


peded ; to apread by Infeotlnfr. ^n. Act of Bell- 
ing i that which auiea ; thing caught ; gain ; a 
anatch: aaougforeeveral volcei. — aaton'ar.n. 
--OltUlBC.a, CoQCairlouB; allimng. 
OatOk'PMMV (kIch'pSn-D;). a. Hide to gain 
(Mek'^Cklkib'Hp). dfanplhlfaQp), n. Biu« 

0«f»^™(kll''!.kis)' »•(. li inslnict ly 
quBBtiona Rnd aiuwert ; to interropate^ — Oar- 
MUlt(kIf«-ktat). D. One »1>D cateshieea. — 
Ott^»eIlUm (-Winl.B. InaCrtiction by quee- 

flaft^n (kKt^-kH or -chE), «. An aetringenl 

Olf »«II-(T (klt*gt-^), B. One of the higheet 

•■lOrtoil (-gar^-kal), a. Pertiiniiig to acUe- 
go^; declantivfl; abeelute; pOHltive; expreaa. 
— Qlt't-EDT'llMd-iy, adv. 
Oalet Iki'tir), ". i. IC>Tnn> ('tird) : Catu- 
iHo.] To provide food i to purvey. —OatM-Wi 
Oatar-M*. n. 

1, reiHnit, Orb, rude, f ^^ Qm, tdt>df £4A»t, o 

1 Uiair, go, ^nSr 1^ 




Oarer-pUlar (kXt/8r.pIl/l8r), n, 
worm state of inflects. 

The larval or 

= *^ 

^»:>K»i:«i:ifii:i»'. »•,*:», 


Oat'er-waul (kSt^r-wf^l), v.i. To cry as cats. 

Oat'flall' (kSt^HshO, n. A voracious fish ; the 
bullhead, homed pout, etc. 

Oat'gnV (kSt'giit^), n. Cord made from intes- 

Oa-thar^C (k&-thKr'tTk), a. Gleanshig the 
bowels ; laxative. — n. A purgative medicine. 

Oa-tllO'dral (k&-thS'dral), n. The principal 
church in a diocese. 

Oatll'0-llo (kSth'i-lTk), a. Universal or general ; 
not partial or narrow-minded; pertwiii^; to 
the Church of Rome or its adherents. ^ n. An 
adherent of the Roman Catholic Church. — 
Oatll^O-llG'i-ty (-ITs^-tj^), n. Doctrine of the 
Christian church ; Catholicism. — Oa-thol^-Oiim 
(kirUiSlT-sTz'm), n. Liberality ; adherence to 
the XDhurch of Rome. — Oa-thol'i-Gize ( - ms ), 
V. L & i. To become or to make catholic or 
a Roman Catholic. 

Oat'kill (kSfkTn), n. An ament ; a kind of inflo- 

Gatllng (kStnTng), n. A little cat ; a surgeon's 
double-edged dismembering knife. 

Oarnlp' (kSt'nTp'), Oat^mlnr (-mTntO, n. An aro- 
matic plant sometimes used in medicine. 

Gat's'-^ye/ (kSts^IOi n. A quartz or chalcedony, 
exhibiting reflections from within, like the eye 
of a cat ; chrysoberyl. 

OatV-paW (kXts'pa^), n. A light air, rippling 
the surface of the water, a dupe or tool of 

Oat'tle (kSt't'l), n. pL Domestic quadrupeds coi- 
lectivelv, esp. those of the bovine genus. 

Oau'ons (kf/k&s), n. A preparatory meeting for 
political purposes. — v. i. [Cauousbd (-kfist) ; 
CADcnsiNa.] To hold, or meet in, a caucus. 

Oan'dal (ka'dal), a. Pertaining to the tail. 
Oan'date (-dU), Gan'da-ted (-dtUtSd), a. Hi 
ing a tail, or tail-like appendage. 

Oau'dle (kfi'dU), n. A warm drink for sick per- 
sons. — v.* t. To make into caudle. 

Oauaht (k^t), imp. & p. p. of Catcb. 

Oanl (kfi4), n. A net for the head ; a membrane 
covering part of the lower intestines. 

Oan'li-flow'er (ki^ ' IT - flou ' er), n. A variety of 

Oanse (kjiz), n. That which produces or effects 
a result, or is the occasion of an action ; a suit 
in court ; a legal process ; a case ; a side of a 
question, ^v. t. [Caused (kazd) ; GAngnro.] To 
make ; to effect. — Gansoless, a. Uncaused 
or uncreated ; without just cause or motive. 

Canse'way (kjiz'wt), Oan'soy (k^'z^), n. A 
raised way over wet ground. 

OanstiG (kf^s^tTk), a. Destructive to the texture 


of any thing; burning; corrosive; satirical, 
sharp, ^n. A burning or corrosive application. 

Oan^to: (kf/tSr), n. A hot searing iron. — Gan'- 
ter-ize (-iz), v. t. To bum or sear (morbid 
flesh, etc.) with Are or hot iron. — GAn'ter-lsm 
(•Tz'm), n. Applicati<m of caustics; cautery. 
— Gan'ter-i-za^oni-t-zS'shlin), n. Act of burn- 
ing or searing. — Canter-y (kft'tSr-y), ». A 
burning (morbid flesh). 

Gan'tion (kfi'shiin), n. Prudence; care; wari- 
ness ; counsel ; admonition ; warning. — v. t. 
To wam. — Gantion-a-ry (-a-ry), a. Contain- 
ing warning; given as a pledge. — GautiollS 
(- shtts ), a. Prudent ; wary ; circumspect. — 
Gan'tlons-ly, adv. ^Oau'tlons-iiesB, n. 

Oay'al-oade^ (kSv'al-kSdO, n. A procession of 

Gay'a-Uar' (kSv'&-lSr'), n. A horseman ; aknight. 
— a. Gay ; sprightly ; brave ; supercilious ; dia- 
dainf uL — GaVa-lier'ly, adv. 

Gav'al-ry (kiv'U-ij^), n. Mounted ti^oopa. 

Gave (kav), n. A hollow place in the earth ; 
a den ; a cavern ; a grotto. — v. t. [Gavsd 
(kavd]| ; Caving.] To make hollow. — v. i. To 
dwell in a cave ; to fall (in) ; to collapse. 

Oay'axn (kSv'Sra), n. A deep, hollow plac^^ in 
the earth ; a cave. — Oav'axn-OllS (-{is), a. Full 
of caverns ; hollow. 

Oay'll (kSvTl), V. i. [Cavilbd or Cavillbd (-Hd) ; 
Caviling or Gavilung.] To raise captious ob- 
jections. ^ n. A false or frivolous objection. — 
Gay'il-er, or Oay'11-ler, n. 

Gay'i-ty (kSv1-tj^), n. A hollow place ; hollow- 

Gaw (kfO, V. i. To cry like a raven.— n. The 
noise of the crow or raven. 

Gay-enne' (ka-Sn' or kt-6n'), fi. A very pungent 
red pepper. 

Gay'sum (ka'mSn), n. An American reptile of 
the Crocodile family ; the alligator. 

Gease (ses), v. t. [Cbased (sest) ; Ceasing.] To 
come to an end ; to desist ; to fail ; to stop. -• 
V. t. To put a stop to ; to bring to an end. — 
Goasa'laBS, a. Without cessation or end ; inces- 
sant. — Goase^o88-ly, adv. 

Ge'dar (se'dSr), n. An evergreen tree. 

Cede (sSd), V. t. To yield ; 
to surrender ; to give up. 

Ge-diiaa(8^dTia&),n. A 

mark under the letter c 
[thus, c], to give it the 
sound of s. 
Geil (sSl), V. t. [Geiud 
(sSld); Ceiling.] To 
line the roof of. — tSeU'- 
Ing, n. The covering^ of ' 
the inner roof; inside 
planking of a ship. 

Gere-brate (sSi ' $ - brat), 

V. t. To praise ; to ex- 
tol ; to commemorate ; to solemnize. — Gel'O- 
lurant, n. One who performs a public religious 
rite. — Gero-bra'tOd (-brS'tSd), a. Having ce- 
lebrity ; illustrious ; famous ; renowned ; well 


fii8«I,3,a(long; &,£, 1, 5, il,j^i short ; ieBAte,6Tent, Idea, 6bey, finite, cAre,iinn,&sk, nil, flaa^ 




known. — Gel'e-lura'tor (-tSr), n. — Oel'o-1m'- 
tlon (-brS'ahfin), n. Honor or distinction be- 
stowed ; commemoration. — Oe-l0))^-ty ( st- 
Ifib'rl-tS^), n. Tlie condition of being celebrated ; 
renown ; repute ; fame ; a person of distinction. 

Oe-lor'l-ty (s&-18r^-tj^), n. Swiftness ; speed. 

Oel'er-y (sfil'Sr-j^), n. A salad plant of the Pars- 
ley family. 

Oft-les'tial (st-lSs'chal), a. Heavenly ; belonging 
to China. — n. An inhabitant of heaven; a 
Chinaman. — Ge-lea^tlal-l7f adv. 

Ooll (sSl), n. A small and close room ; a closed 
cavity; a minute sac or vesicle. — Gel^n-lar 
(-tt-lSr), a. Consisting of, or containing, cells. 

Oel'lar (sei^Sr), n. ^A room imder a building. — 
GeFlar-age (-aj), n. Excavation for a cellar ; 
a series of cellars connected ; storage in a cellar. 

Oallu-loid (sSl'u-loid), n. A composition made 
in imitation of ivory, coral, amber, etc. 

G^t (s81t), n. One of an ancient race from whom 
spmng the Irish, Welsh, Oael, and Bretons ; a 
stone or metal implement used by early Celtic 
nations. — Gelt'lo (sSl'tTk), a. Pertaining to the 
Celts, or to their language. ^ n. The language 
of the Celts. [Written also Kelt, and KOiic.} 

Oft-mont' (s^-mSnf or sSm'Snt), n. An adhesive 
substance for uniting bodies to each other, as 
mortar, glue, etc. ; bond of union. — (st-mSnf), 
V. t, & i. To unite by the use of cement ; to 
unite firmly and closely. — Goxa'en-ta'tion 
(sSm^Sn-ta'shiin or seamen-), n. A cementing. 

G<an'0-ter-7 (aSm'S-tSr^j^), n. A burial place. 

Gen'ser (sen'sSr), n. A vase in which incense is 

Gan'Mir (sSn'sSr), n. A Roman magistrate ; one 
who decides as to the publication of books, etc. ; 
a harsh critic. — Oen-se^-al (-so'rT-al). a. •Be- 
longing to a censor. — Gan-M'rl-Olis (-Qs), a. 
Fault-finding; caviling; captious; severe. — 
G«ii-w>^-«iis-ly, adv. — Gen-se'ri-oiuhneu, n. 

Gai'snid (sSn'shdr), n. Blame; disapproval; 
reprimand, ^f. t. [CmrsuBBD (-shdrd) ; Cbn- 
suRXNO.] To condemn; to reprove; to reprehend. 
— Gen'sni-a-ble (-^b*7), a. Worthy of censure ; 
culpable ; reprehensible. — Gen'SllX'a-ble-XieBB, 
n. — Gen'snr-a-bly, adv. 

Gan'SlU (sSn'sfis), n. Anoflldal enumeration of 

Gent (sSnt), n. A hundred ; as, 10 percent; an 
American coin, worth the 100th part of a dol- 
lar.— GAlf age (-£j), n. Rate by the cent, or 
hundred; percentaige. 

Gcn^lir (aSn'tar), n. A fabulous being, half man 
and half horse. 

Ganta-na-ry (sSn'tt-nt-i^), a. Relating to, or 
consisting of, a hundred ; occurring once in 100 
years. — n. The aggregate of 100 single things ; 
a century. — Gen'torlia'ri-ail (-nS'rT-<zn), a. Of 
or relating to 100 ycMtrs. — n. A person 100 years 
old. — Gen-tan'nl-al (-t8n'nT-al), a. Belonging 
to the hundredth anniversary ; happening once 
in a hundred years, ^n. A celebration of an 
event which occurred 100 years before. 

Goi^tar (sSntSr), Gentre, n. The middle point. 

•—v. /. [CmmtKD (-tSrd) or Csstsbd; Cav- 
TXHpfO or CusTRUio.] To place on the middla 
point ; to concentrate. — v. i. To be placed in a 
center ; to be central or concentrated. 

Gennar-Ut' (sfin'ter-bTV), Gen'tro-blV, n. A bor- 
ing instrument turning on a central point. 

Gan-taa'i-mal (ii8n-tSsT-mal), a. Hundredth ; by 
the hundred. 

Gan'tl-grade (sSn'tT-grSd), a. Having 100 de- 

Gantt-gram (sSn'tT-grSm), Ganti-gnunme, n. A 
metusure of weight, the 100th part of a gramme, 
equal to .15432 of a grain. 

Gan'ti-ll'tar (sSn'tMS'tSr or s6n-tTn.), Ganti- 
li'tre, n. A measure of capacity, the 100th part 
of a liter, or six-tenths of a cubic inch. 

Gantl-ma'tar (sSn'tT-mS^tSr or s8n^tTm'$-)» Gan'- 
ti-ma^tre, n. A measure of length, the 100th 
part of a meter, or .3937 of an English inch. 

Goiti-pad (s8n'tT-pSd), n. A species of land ar- 
ticulates, having many feet. [Written also een- 
tipede (-ped^.] 

Gantral (sSnaral), a. Relating to, in, or near, 
the center. — Gantral-ly, adv. — Gan-tral'i-ty 
(-trSl^-t)^), It. The state of being central. — 
Gan'tral-iza (sfin'tral-iz), v. t. To bring to a 
center. — Gan'tral-i-«l'tlon (-T-zS'shUn), n. Act 
of centralizing. — Gan^a (sSn'tSr), n. Same as 
Cbnteb. — Gantrlo (-trik), Gantrlo-al (-trl- 
kal), a. Placed in the middle ; central. — Gen'' 
trlo-ld-ly, adv. In a central position. 

Gan-trifn-gal (sfin-trTffi-gal), a. Tending to re- 
cede from the center. — Gan-trllKa-tal (-trTp't- 
tal), a. Tending toward the center. 

Gen'in-ple (sSn'tu-p'l), a. Hundredfold. ^ v. t. 
&. i. To increase a himdredf old. 

Gan-tn'ri-on (sSn-tu'rT-iin), n. A Roman captain 
of 100 men. 

Gan'tn-ry (s6nt6-rj^), n. A hundred ; a hundred 

Gaph'a-lo-pod (sSf '& - It - p5d), Gaph ' a - lo - poda 

(-pod), n. A mollusk having long arms, which 
in some species are furnished with suckers, — as 
the devilfish and octopus. 

Ga-ram'iO (st-rSmtk), a. Pertaining to pottery. 
— Ga-ram'loa, n. The art of making pottery, 
tiles, etc., of baked clay ; work formed of clay 
and baked. [Written also keramic, etc.] 

Ga'rata (sS'rat), n. Ointment composed of wax, 
oil, etc. — Ga'ra-tad (-rt-tSd), a. Covered with 

Ga're-al (sS'r^-al), a. Pertaining to edible grain, 
as wheat, rye, etc. — n. Any ^ible grain. 

Gar'a-ino-Xiy (sSr't-mft-nj^), n. Outward rite; 
forms of civility. — Gax^aoiO'lll-al (-mo'nl-flrl), 
a. Relating to ceremony, or external rite ; rit- 
ual.— n. ibi established system of rules and 
ceremonies. — Ger'e-molil-al-ly, adv. — Ger'e- 
mo'nl-ona (-fis), a. Consisting of, or according 
to, prescribed or customary rules and forms; 
precise ; formal. — Ger^e-mo'lll-0118-ly, adv. 

Gertaln (sSKtTn), a. Sure; regular; undenia- 
ble ; one or some. — Gertaln-ly, cuiv. Without 
doubt or question ; in truth and fact ; without 

£bm noent, Aib, r||de^ f^D, ftnit ItfM, ftf^ out, oll» cbair, tPh ainsi M|kt ttaaot tliia* 


Wlu».-0Mttlll-ty(*«n4J),». FuUu 

■uiiuica : auablidied f scl ; tnitta. 
OlI-tll^^Mt• (rir-tKI-ktt). n. A wrlttaa tetO 
many oi d«cluiiticiii. — (-kit), v. i. To mil; 
by, or IiuDiih with, s ceTtificUa, — OaMl-tl-M' 
■ttoi (aSi'tl-n-lia'Bbnn), n. Act of certUybig. 

OsfU-Wd* (sJi'ir-tud), n, J 

— On^ 

m fram doubt ; 

. [Cairm (clitft) : Ceatoto.] 


HeU OT iRitaUon. - 


_ _ . (ibli), R. A two-wlieeled, oonnd, ous. 

boree cUTliin. 
Olltl-0«d'»'tl]r (Ua-Odt-Bf or UQ'it^t-if ), a. 

A tnaahicwit quuti, uuully whitlsli in coloi, 

HHi baviue ft liiet«rUha vai. 
Obil'liOB^hU'drDii or eiif-), n. A mauore 

foe coil (gsnerelty 3C biubelB). 
fflul^M(clliai>),<L Abowl;>coiiimuuloill!iip. 

imUv mnti, ud tlie uwnibly itnU. — i. i. 

{-bBrdlTciilMBmiio.] °'to ■but up. 
talk:bwl«r. — u.'. [CHiinD<chUt);Ciu»- DhULliei-Ulll (chim'bSr-lTu). n. One lu churge 
IKS.] Toquii; taiDik«fuiio[, — Oblltt^ -f), ot cluunbcra ) a hlgli court officer ; utrei 
a. ContaliimgorllkecbiLH; llf^ht or wortblua. I OhUL'bll-Iluia' (ehim'btT-mSA'), n. A 
Oliaffn (e!i«?IBr), V. i. ICBAmsiD (-fSrd); in iharsB ot bedchamben. 

OlMfUlUlll^lif (finch), B, A Blnging bird at 

Oktllsf aUk' (ctilfTn; dleb'). A nmtl for 

01ia-gn«ii'<ilii-KiEn'), n. See BHAOEm'. 
Oha^grlit' (iht-irTn' Dr ■ctSd'), n. nt-bumOTim- 

'.hl^lnJ'V -grtn™ 
Ohaoeihuib,] To .ei; , 
to mortify. 1 

Oblln (chin), n. A line or I k 

connected Unka; * gur- I 

chuinedlflgether.— OhRlll p. ,.„ p,,^^ ~ 

Tnn ol an eoaipu rhaJD carrying dliks or bucketa. 
— Chilli Ikot Tvobiaie,"c.,conuectiiilbyi 

itttoli. A kind of ttitch In wwhig, miide by jn- 

OlKlI IchEr), II. A morableHBt with aback, roT 

!| tHia-m>a<-aB(kA-niEaMSQ),B. Aliiaidllke it 

OlUUl'Osl (chln'sSl). T 
a]uui'oal;10T (chbi'aa-riir), n. 
Ohui'm-T (-•>»})■ n. A 1 

«,»,l,8,ll,Uag| &,•,!,«. O,},!! 

t ;•««>•, tnomda, Sbtr, ttalM, e&n, On, A^ CO, IML 





Oluui'on (shXn'kSr), n. An ulcer. — OluUL'- 
orons (-krfis). a. Ulcerous. 

OllAB'Ae-ller' (shSnM^lSr'), n. A support for 
candles, lights, etc 

OlUUl'dletr (ch&n'dlSr), n. A 
dealer in candles or certain 
othe-r goods. — Ghan'- 
AiBT-y (^), n. Oommodi- 
ties sold oy a chandler. 

Olumge (chanj), V. t. & i. 
[CHANOSD(chanjd); Cbam- 
eure.] To alter; to ex- 
change ; to yaryf ^ n. Al- 
teration ; variety ; small 
money. — Glumgo'a-ble 
(-&-bU), a. Subject to 
change; variable; fickle; 
unstable ; mutable. — 
Oliaxige'a-Ul'l-ty (-&- 
bTi 'T-t3^), Ohange'a-ble- 
ness, n. — Ommf o'a-bly ( - A - biy ), adr. — 
OJuuDgetnl (chanPfvl), a. Inconstant ; full of 

Oliail'xiel (chfin'nSl), n. The bed of a stream of 
water ; course ; furrow ; groove, ^r. t. [Cham- 
mXiiD ( - nfild ) or Channsllbd ; CHAMmuNe 
or Channbllihg.] To cut into channels. 

Oliailt (ch4nt), V. t, or t. To sing ; to celebrate in 
song. — n. A song ; a melody ; a musical reci- 
tation without mumcal metusure. — GlUUlfer, n. 

Ghan'ti-Gleor (chSn'tT-kler), n. A cock. 

Olia'08 (ka^). n. A conftuied mass of matter. — 
Oka-Ot'lo (ka-5t^k), a. Confused. 

Obap (chXp or ch5p), v. t. & i. [Ghafpbd (cbXpt 
or chSpt) ; Chaffino.] To crack ; to split. — 
n. A cleft; a gap ; a chink. 

OhMP (ch5p), n. The jaw ; — generally in plural. 

QhMP (chSp), n. A man or boy ; youth ; fellow. 

lOlia'par-ral' (chS^p&r-r&lO, n. A thicket of low 
evergreen oaks. 

Olia'paau' (sh&'pi'), n./ pi. Chapbaux {-ptz'). 
A hat. 

Oliap'Ol (chXp'Sl), n. A place of worship. 

Oliap'er-Oll (shXp'Sr-5n), n. A matron who ac- 
companies a young lady in public.^ v. /. To 
guide and preset ; to matronize. 

Oliap'fall^en (chSp^ft^^'n), a. Having the lower 
jaw depressed ; dejected ; dispirited. 

Oflap'laui (chXpnTn), n. A clergyman in the 
army, navy, public institution, etc. — Ghap'- 
lain-07 (-^), Oliap'laln-slllp, n. Office, busi- 
ness, or revenue of a chaplain. 

OhtaSfltlt (chSp'lSt), n. A -garland or wreath ; a 
string of beads used in counting prayers. 

Oliap'lnaiL (chSp'man), n. A dealer ; a peddler. 

Oliapa (chSps), n. pi. The mouth or jaws. 

Oliap'ter (chSp'tSr), n. A division of a book or 
treatise ; a branch of some society. 

Oliar (chSr), V. t. [Chabbxd (chSrd) ; Gbabbino.] 
To reduce to coal ; to bum to a cmder. 

Oliar'ao-ter (kSr^(k-t3r), n. A mark or letter; 
distinctive quality ; a person : reputation. — 
Cliarao-tar-latlo (kar'Sk-t8r-lWTk), a. Con- 
stituting or indicathig character ; peculiar. -* n. 

That which constitutes or marks the charaetor \ 
trait. — Gluur'ao-ter-la^o-al-ly, adv. — Oku'' 
ao-ter-ize (klCr'Sk-tSr-Iz), v. t. To exprens the 
character of ; to describe ; to entitle. 

Glia-nula' (sh&-radO« »• An enigma in which a 
word and its syllables are to be guessed from 
descriptions or representations. 

Gliaz^COaT (chiix'kSP), n. Coal made by charring 

G]iarg0 (chlfarj), t). t. [Chabobd (charjd) ; Chabf 
GiNo.] To impose; to enjoin or request ear- 
nestly ; to put to the account of (as a debt) ; to 
accuse of (a crime) ; to load ; to rush upon ; to 
attack. — V. i. To make an onset. — n. Care ; 
command ; injunction ; cost ; price ; onset. -' 
Gliargo'a-blo (-A-bU), a. AJscribable; ezpen* 
sive ; burdensome. — GhaX'ger ( - jSr ), n. A 
war horse ; a large dish. 

Ghax'l-ly, Gliax'l-nMS. See under Chabt. 

Gliar'i-Ot (chSr'T-5t), n. A carriage of state or 
pleasure. — Ghar'i-Ot-MX' (•Sr'), n. The driver 
of a chariot. 

Gliar'i-ty (chSrOT-tj^), n. Kindly feeUng to oth- 
ers ; love ; liberality ; alms. — Gliar ' 1 - ta - Mo 
(-t&-b*l), a. Full of love and kindness. — GlUUT'- 

l-ta-ble-nesB, n. — Gliax'i-ta-bly, adv. 

Gliar'la-taXL (shikr1&-tau), n. A quack ; mounte- 
bank. — Gliai^-taxL-lsm (-T>'m), Gliax^-tanr 
ry (-1^), n. Quackerv. 

Gliax^lotte Rnase' (shkr'15t r\is')- A dish com' 
posed of custard or cream inclosed in cake. 

Gharm (charm), n. Magic power ; enchantment ; 
spell ; fascinatiou. — v. ^ & t. [ Cbarwu> 
(chSrmd) ; Chabmino.] To delight ; to please 
greatly ; to bewitch ; to fascinate. — Gharm'er, 
n. — Oham'iXlg, a. Enchanting; delightful. 

Gliaz'Xiel (chiir'^l), a. Containing remains of 
the dead. — Gliaxnel house. A tomb. 

Chart (chSrt), n. A map of the sea with its 
coasts, etc. — v. t. To map. 

Ghaz'ter (chSr'tSr), n. A deed, or conveyance ; 
a patent ; a grant. ^ v. t. [Ghabtbbed (-tSrd) ; 
Chartbbino.] To establish by charter ; to hire 
or let (a ship, etc.). 

Ghar'y (chfir'j^ or cha'rj^), a. Careful ; cautious ; 
wary; saving; frugal. 

Ghaaa (chSs), v. t. [Chasbd (chast) ; Chasikg.] 
To hunt ; to pursue. — n. Himt ; pursuit ; the 
game hunted ; ' hunting ground. «— Ghas'eri n. 

Ghaae (chas), v. t. To ornament (a metallic sur- 
face) by engraving, embossing, etc. — Ghaa'er, 
n. An engraver ; a tool for engraving. 

Ghasa (chas), n. An iron frame for holding pages 
of imposed type ; the forward part of a cannon ; 
a groove or channel in the face of a wall. 

Ghaifll (kSz'm), n. A cleft ; a gap ; an opening. 

Ghas^senr' (sh&s'sQr'), n. A light-armed soldier ; 
a uniformed attendant upon persons of rank. 

Ghaste (chast), a. Pure ; undefiled. — Ghastely, 
adv. — Ghaste^ess, Ghaa'tl-ty (ciiSs'tT-tj^), n. 

Ghaa'ten (cha's*n), v. t. [Ghastbnbd (-s*nd); 
CHASTBinKO.] To correct by punishment; to 
purifv. — Ghas^en-lng, n. Correction. 

Ghaa-tUo' (chSs-tiz'), v. t. [Crastibbd (-tIzdO ; 

ttn, vaoeut, ttb, tj^db, f ^ Urn, f tfbd, f dbt, out, oil, cbair, go, ainst iQh, then, Uiia. 


Cbahudto-] TomirwtbypiuiEBhLDE- — DbM- 
UTir (cUta-Ot^), n. — OhunlM-iiiuit (etUte'- 
tli-tneul), B. Coireclive puniBl''"'"' 

It (chSi 

[Chiitid) Cbat 

"■] ...' 

IIOki'iMn' (ehi/xt'). n. ,- pi. Gha'iudi' (-tti' 

Oh>t^l(cbm'l),«, Any Konble property. 
OtalTBI (chtttBri. B. (. TojBbbBr;toUJkidlj 

CUtTK-lMI' l-bS^ n. One who Into ii 

Ohitrtj |-t;|. 1. talbatlve : Hcinble. 
0)i»nl-Hnr'(ali4-rar'J,n. AnauUimDblledrlTs 
■-p),n. Oriow nriuBi otUUie .»lu. 
— Chm'sn (chfp'u), t. f. [Ghei 

□lisiV^, mill. — OliMp^au. n. 

it (cbit). R. A decepllun ; a Iraod ; b trii>t 

:tlve ; to inipOM on. —Ohiit'il, n. 

Jc (i^hSk), n. ResIraiiiC. curb! iia order fi 


OtaUB't-Uttf (rfrfrn't-lfStT, 
compoaitiou ind constitn' 

- ml - " ■ 


OhHM (Clin), n. Bee CHr.c(. 

ObSflSll (cber-Isli), t'. I. rCHUTBDID (-laht) i 
CuiEisHiBO.] TotreMwilbWnderneMi to in- 
dulge ; to support. — OhtTflll-u. n. 

Ob».I«ir (cbS-rfiot'), n. A kind of dnr. 

dMT^CcIilr'rJ!), R. A tree wd iU atona f ndt, 
hUo, Ita tuDb«rL a red color, like that ol tha 
fruit. — a. Bed, like Ibe clienj. 

Ottni (eMr-Bb),!!. ; p(. Chsbubs, Hob. Cm- 

beautliul cbil'd. — dl^mlrte (c'h6-rii%k), 
Okt-m'Uo-al <-bT-lial). B. AngeUc 
Ohiu (cl^l, B. A game played bj twopenom, 

loud' {-bSrd'), n. The 1 

ker^ -Ohuf- 

m.' — OliKlk'OTI Cin),n. 
OhMk'si-wiirk' f-wOrk'), 

L — aiiMk'«r<iio>ia' 

or iuipudeuee. [Sto 
SUIs of gayely, nil 
tnment ; applauM. 


OltMniH IHtariA), n. SunuDg I. 
lOktl'-d'tnm' (abt'dlln'). 
D'mmu (»hf-). [I" ■ — 

soagulatad uid 
leopard of Tudli. 

OfcWiWhSx"!' 'a kl'il'd'^o 
CkUt (ebBst), n. A larg. 
pan of the Wly Incloied 
Chufniit(eha>^at), n. J 

IHO.I To grind witli the 

OWok (cMk), OWak'm (chtu^, 

(-hlSt'id}? * 
pox (pSkt). 

[Chiwed (child): Can- 

k'm (chth'ani, 
yoniw person. — Oklck'eil-kMIt'l, 
a,yilmid 1 cowardly. - ObiCkSI 

l,>,1, 0, lt,KiBc I K, «,!, tt.a,}. » 

p™. — OUCk'wHd' (-wSd'l. B. A tpeciM of 
OUo'O-Ty (cblk't-rj), n. A plant uwdtaiidnl' 

Okli* <"hM), K. i. « t [imp. Cmn (eMdJ, Ofci. 

Chodi (cfaBd) ! ;>, ;i. Chiddin (chld'd'n). Cbidi 
D. pr. CnninB.] To rebuke ; to acold i to np- 
aUtI (chlf), a. Bighert In ruk; piinciniL — 

OUriTr. orfv. PriucipiJlj: abo-eall; nioBtly. 
— ObWtid)! (-tlD). n. Captain j leader. — 
01>l*tt«ln-gr (->!), aUatltlO'klllp, n. iUsk 

of achleftnin; leadership. 

llOhl'inim (sbln'yBn ; F, nit'syts'), n. A knot 
of hair U the back of a woman's head. 

Ohll'blllll' (i^hTI'biin'). B. A sore ciueed by cold. 

OUld (cliildl, n.: pi. Cbujiku (cbTl'drtn). A 
•onordaugLIfr; • deecendaoC. - OUU-kUtk' 
('birth'), n. The act of brlngiiig forth a child ; 
traTail; Ubor. — ChliaiUMrf (-head), ». Tlie 
Uate of a child ; time of beinK achild. — ChUd'- 
Uh, o. Like a rhild ; simple ; pnerile. - Ohlld'- 

Uh-ly, nifa — n iiiiii t»Ti-n— », B. ~ OUldlaia, 
t ; HUM*, •not, Idu, «b^, ttnlta, «>>•, Krm, Aak, flit Anal 




. a. Having no ohOd. ^ GUldleWhllMi, n. — 
OllilAaUn', a. Becoming a child ; dutiful. 

CQlill (chTl), n. ▲ disagreeable aenaa^ion of cool- 
neas ; discouragement. ^ a. Gold ; raw ; formal. 
— V. /. & i. [CmLLBD (chTld) ; GeiLLiHa.] To 
cool. — Ollill'7 (-t)) a. Somewhat cold ; caus- 
ing a chilL - OldU'l-lMSB, OlllU'lMSB, n. 

Ollime (chim), 91. Harmonious sound of musical 
instruments ; a set of bells arranged to ring in 
tune. ^ V. i. & L [Ghimkd (chimd) ; CmiiiNa.] 
To sound in harmony ; to agree or suit (with). 

Ohlme (chim). n. The edge or brim of a cask. 

OM-mo^ (kl-mS^ri), n. A mythological mon- 
ster; a vain fancy. — OM-mex^iO-U (-mSr^- 
kol), a. Merely imaginaiy ; fantastic ; wild ; de- 
lusive. — Ohl-mtr'io-al-ly, adv. 

OUm^neyCchTm'u^), n. ; pi. Gbzmmbts (-niz). A 
flue or passage for smoke. 

OUm-pan'zee (cbTm-pSn'zt), n. The African 
orang-outang, a manlike monkey. 

Ohin. (chin^, ». The lower extremity of the face. 

Ohi'JUL (chi'nA), n. A species of earthenware. 

Oldn'oa-plBt n. See GHiNQUAnN, n. 

OUncb (chinch), n. The bedbug; alsOi an in- 
sect destructive to grain. 

OUn-oUlla (chTn-chTinA), n. A small rodent 
animal, having soft gray fur. 

Olllll' OOlljKll' (chTn' kSfO. Hooping cough. 

OllinO (chin), n. The backbone ; part of a barrel 
inclosing the head. ^v. t. To sever the spine of. 

OU-neso' (cht-nSz' or -nSs'), a. Of or pertaining 
to Ghina. ^n. A native, the people (collec- 
tively), or the language, of Ghina. 

Ollillk (chink), n. A cleft or fissure ; a gap or 
crack.— v. i. To crack; to open.— v. t. To 
part or open ; to fill up the chii^ of. 

Olllnk (chink), n, A short, sharp sound, as of 
metal lightly struck ; money ; cash. — v. /. & i. 
[Ghihkbd (chinkt) ; CmNKiNO.] To jingle. 

Ollin'ftlia-plll (chln'k&-pln), n. A North Ameri- 
can nut-bearing tree or shrub, allied to the chest- 
nut ; its small edible fruit. 

OUntZ (chlnts), n. Golored printed cotton cloth. 

Olllp (chip), v.t.&i, [Ghippkd (chlpt) ; Chif- 
PINO.] To break or cut into small pieces. — n. 
A piece cut off ; a fragment. 

Ohlp'miUk' (chlp'mQnkOi n. A squirrel-like 
animal) also called str^ted squirrel and hackee. 


OU-rog^-plier (kf •r5g'r&-fSr), n. A penman. — 
Okl-rog^a-pliy (-Q^), n. One's own handwrit- 
ing ; penmanship. — Ghl-rop'o-diBt (ki-rOp^- 
dliBt), n. One who treats the hands and feet. 

Olllxp (chSrp), V, i, [Ghzbfbd (chSrpt) ; Chirf- 
no.] To make the sharp noise of biidiB, crick- 

ets, etc. ^ V. t. To enliven. — n. A short, sharp 
noise. — OUrp^er,!!. 

OUr'nip (chlr'rfip), V. t. [Ghirrufbd (-rfipt); 
CHntRunHO.] To animate by chirping. ^ v. i. 
To chirp.— n. A chirp. 

GMs'el (chls'Sl), n. A. tool for paring, hewing, 
or gougii^.^v. t. [GmsBLKD (-^d) or 
CmsaLLXo; GmssuMa or Chisbluno.] 
To cut with a chisel ; to gouge ; to cheat ; 
to swindle. 

OMt (chit), n. The first shooting of a 
plant ; a sprout ; a child. 

GUt'oliat (chlfchSt), n. FamiUar talk; 

GMVal-ry (shlv'ol-ry), n. Knight er- 
rantry ; valor ; courtesy. — Glliy'al-ric 
(-rik), Ghiv'al-roilS (-rfis), a. Relating 
to chivalry; knightly; magnauiu^ous. 

— Ghlv'al-nniS-ly, adv. ChlaeL 
GhlYO (chlv), n. A small species of onion. 
Ghlo'ral (klS'ral), n. A sedative drug obtained 

bv action of chlorine upon alcohol. — GUc/- 
rme (klS'rln or -iSn), n. A heavy gas of green- 
ish color. 

GUl/ro-form (klS'ri-fdrm), n. A liquid, used to 
produce insensibility. — v. #. To treat with 
chloroform, or place under its influence. 

Ohook (ch5k), t*. /. [Chookxd (chSkt^ ; Chock- 
INQ.] To fasten as with a wedge or olock ; to 
scotch. ^ V. i. To fill up. — n. A block, to pre- 
vent motion, ^^adv. Entirely ; quite. — OlUKw'— 
lull' (-fvlO» «• Completely iuU. 

Ghoo'O-late (chSk^-ltt), n. A paste made from 
the cacao nut ; a beverage made by dissolving 
this paste in water. 

Oboioe (choLs), n. Act or power of choosing; 
thingchosen;>option. — a. Select; precious. 

Choir (kwir), n. A company of singers ; a part of 
a church appropriated to singers ; a chancel. 

Ohoke (chSk), V. t. [Chokkd (chSkt) ; Choking.] 
To stifle ; to suffocate ; to strangle, —v. i. To 
have the windpipe stopped ; to be obstructed. 

— Ghok'er, n. — Gkok'y, a. Tending to choke. 
Gkorer (kSI'Sr), n. Bile ; auger ; wrath. — • Ghol'- 

er-io (-er-Ik), a. Passionate ; irascible. 
Ghol'er-a (kSl'^r-A), n. A dangerous epidemic 
disease characterized by vomiting and purging. 

— Cholera moxhlis. A milder form of cholera. 
ChOOSO (chooz), V. t. [imp. Chosb (ch5z) ; p. p. 

Chosen (chS'z'n), Ohs. Chose; p. pr. Choos- 
ing.] To make choice of; to prefer; to elect. 

— V. i. To make a selection. — ChOOS'er, n. 
Chop (chSp), V. t. [Chopped (chSpt) ; Chopping.] 

To cut into pieces ; to mince ; to divide ; to sever. 

— V. {. To strike quickly. — n. A chopping; a 

stroke ; a piece chopped off. — Ohop'per, n. 
Chop (ch5p), V. t. To barter; to exchange.^ 

V. f. To purchase by trading ; to wrangle ; to 

shift suddenly (as the wind). — n. A change. 
Ohop'stick' (chSp'stIkO, n. A small stick with 

which the Chinese and Japanese convey food to 

the month. 
Choral (kS'ral), a. Belonging to a choir.— n. 

A hymn-tune. — Cho'ral-ly, adv. 

ttOf noent, Orb» rude, f ^^ ftnit fdbd, Ufatf oiit» 0II9 cliair, so* ains^ iQk, tbnit thiBi 

fom^ I A Line 
tremltLM of ui i 

OhO^ (kS'rilg). n- ^ bud ol 

hich aU on. 



il). n. J bird ol U 

lea together; 

. A kind of 

inJiBd picb 

OhoWflii ( 

tou'dir), n. i 

Aab, hisbult. 

mions, «l 

.1. Iomik< , 


tBaUt (kn. 

I), «. Tbe a 
d; theSivlor; ^ 




I Grow fimily. 

uate. — Oliilitai-aom 

(Hrti"n-dB._,. ... ,.. ,. 

world.— OhlirHin (krVchnD),n. Oue wlic 
IwlieveB iQChriBl; eBp.,oiH vrhose hie conloruia 
toGhriat^BdootriDeb^a. Pertaining lodinat, 

— OlllU-tlui't-tr (krta-chkirt-tr 'or krTtfclil- 

of Chrttt'B nKlJiitr, obHrred DF<^ember 26Ui. 
abn-mano (krt-mtVik), «, ReUCiui; lo color 

toiMB. — Ohrft-nul^ The Klence ol color 
0kiaia«(kr3in), 01iro^nl-nm<lcr5'inI-flni),n. . 

hard, brittle nietiil of gmyiBh-whtte color. 
01m>'in>lltli'(h(IWll(kr5'niS-mh'».griU),n. . 
Ohrai'loUrBnlkl, Ohrontii-ilM-kaD.a. B. 

OblOBt-alt (ki«n'l"k'l\ f>.''°'A regiu^'i 
«vaiiuiD thBOTderof ti — ^'^' '- ' "^ 

Wm-mii'Q-a lkrt.n'»l'»"jf)™. ' 1 



(kiTtlnltS-mBin), B 

DUB of compoflitfl pUnM. 
Obiji'frlltofkrlt^-litj.B. Ap 

luujly ; tiio choTfliL 

Obnok (cbOk), V.'. To itrike geatly ; to tow i to 
secure upon a Imtho. ^n. A ning; b Blight 

Ohiio'Ua (cliUk'k-l), t 



thing. — OhlL 
Olmrali (chllrcl 

— Ohiinih'I 

a&imk'T I-;), 1. I 

.hClrcLl. B. A place 

lilted body of Chrlstlni 

EpiscopBliim. — Ohuoli'wird'gD (wi^r'd'D), n. 

B church or psrith. ~ Ohnrch'yunl' l-i'Krd'), k. 

Ground Bdioining ■ church : b csmetery. 
Oknil (chCin). n, A ruBUc ; a rough, mirlj fellow i ■ 

iiingard. — Ohnrl'lsk. a. Burlj ; mde ; uncouth. 
Ohnm (chllm>, n, A »ee»el in which biitler ia 

ran.]' ToBhBkeorBgltiite, ucrBBin tii .. 
butter, — Oknin'lllf , n. Act or motion of on> 

Chnta (>Jii55t)', B. A trough ihrc-'- -'■'-'• -■- 

Ohyl" (kil), B, Tha milky flnl. 

Obynia (kim), b. The pulp fonnc 

Imts-tij), et*. 1 


(.1I»0.B. OneriillloJinchronologjr. -Okron'o- CHi'«-trH!i(sTk'fL-trIa), 01-oitili(«I-ka'trtkB),«. 
l«ao<krBn^4.iajqk), O1mn'0-Iar<«->1 (-I- a ^ar ot a heiled wound, 
kol), a. Relating to chronology ; Bccordlng to Ol'dn (li'dSr), n. EiprewBd Juice ol Bpp1«. 
the order ol lime. — 0htWl'0-ll>tl0-»l-ly, "iv. \ Ol'ttX' ("I'gtlr'), B, A BiDBlI roll of tobBcco, for 

I, S. I. e, O, tag i ft, fi, I, ft, O, f , abort i MuAla, StbiiC Idem 6b*j, ftnite, (An, «m^ Uc, «11, Abm^ 


»ofclii».-Olr«-»tt»'(.Ig'i-r«0,f.. AUtU 

don : But Mbuca rolled In caper for nDokini 

OOfU-rj (Bll')*-rJ or -I-i-rJ), o. Belonging I 

Oln'f-tir (ilm't-tSr). n. Bee Scnnrn, n. 
OlM-ftbb'lUI (flTn-kfl^nft), n. A FonJViul tn 
yl«]dLng a medicoial bark ; Jeauiti' bark. 

(^'t-mMVe-pKfh (■Tn't-mKtt-gTJU). n. A mi 

Otn'na-IBM (lln'il&-m£lf, n. The aromatic ll 

ner bark of a tree of Cejlon. 
ClainMoll' (alnkToll'V n. A tlis-Ieaied d^ih 

or architectural loliat 

or architectural iDliaticn. ^ ^_^^ 

I'on (Htin), n. A •clou. /-VK/Vl 

l-JHr (B'«r), n. The flpire ; CAAXA-' 

cretwri^.-B. 1. Icimro / / 

ti'*^ii ta^f™' '^t'"*"' *^''"'' 
Gertala t^ caluulation ; to WTit« Ln wucealod 

ll'oto (■Sr^'l), 1. A cune (called the dram- 
/erence) avary part of which la aquaUy yr~^ 
distant [ram a point vithm (called the r \ 

apbere -, company; prorinoa. — rr. t. A \^ J 
i^COiKCLB.('-k'fd);C™™ro(-UIiig).] >rf 

- Oll'lIlK (-wet), n. ^ 

Sr), 0. lik'a™^!^ 
BOPceniLng many pen 

rKina.—Otl'Oll-lU-l^. sdt 

toni (-kiil.iliB), o. Qoing . . 

indirect, — Ok-OUl-toU-lTi oJt. 

fHl'ao-Ul, ete. See under braou. 

Olr'0il-U»(»,t..i.A/. Tomoi 
round. — Olronrlillan (airlit-IB'thai 
circulatlnff ; a paeainR around ; aurr 
Cni'on-]rlor(-li'«r],n. -Oli-Ott-U-U 
tt-rf K a. Gircutur » circulating ; poiag roiin* 

OirooB-OlM (air^OniHii), 
(-did) ; CnomcniKa.] " 
-' -Wri ■- ' 

To cut oS tha f 
itah'- ■ 

•mfw-VM <>ti>kni>ftr4iBJ. m. Tt 
ndina a drcular flgun ; a penpbery. 
m-Itoz ^str'kHm-imi), n. An m 

UT'l-iatUm (-^'ihUn), «. The act ol I 

oaitgatuw. — OlroflB-MT'l-jHor, n. 

fHl-gm-pO^ (itr'kllm-pyiirj, a. Abi 

* cmuAH 

Otr'am-Wllb*' (iir^llm-akffbO, c t To ilvt 
Id; tolncloie; toUmit; te natriot ; lo oonflne. 
— aironm-ralptloii (-•krlp'iblln), n. lia- 
Itation ; bound ; copADemaTit ; limit. 

Oli'aiim-apscit (•aiAam.qiakt), a. Attentiia to 

tiou; watcUulDeaii fnnciat.— OtPaiun-qMaK- 
iv, adv. ~ Oil'sam-iFwVnns, n. 
01ronvritUM(a%/ktliD4lXiia), a, Aconditioaof 

theraU ; pi. worldly eetaU ; tha etala of oue'* 
property. — t.i. To place relativclyor in a pat. 

,. unomfwiic jcM^par- 

(eeriliDBl, n. A plux for 

Ol^ai'pllll (Bls.U'pIn or -pin), a. On tlili (the 
"" --■'--'.-•-- ^i„. south of the AlpL 

"■■'■"-■ a. OnUuaaUaiK 

Ola'at-luitlo (ele'it-Ubi'lIk), 

01lt»ni(alenirnl, B, Ateeerrirfrj mU 

Oit's-dal (elft-del), n. A f ortrau in a > 

— • (hit), r. I. To immmon ; to quote, 

i.-ai-tItlon(et-Cii'Bhlin),n. Aiut 

li'ani (aVth'Sm), it. A kind of gnltar. 
fl^m {■It^.i'n), n. A dweller tn a 



Olra (sIvAn.( 

ufruit, ree^- 
mo Ol melon. — 01«l0 

lecieg of mrlic [Wrlt- 
TOroua quadruped ; kleOv 

^(alVtk), a. Relating to clrn lire. 

OlTOlfsI'Tl), 0. Pertainhictaacity, itate.citt- 
ormciety; polite; OMirteout— OtT-U-ly, 
— Oi-TlI'l-ty {el-vln-tj), B. PoUteoe»! 
lay. — Oi-Tlllui (-TTI'yan), n. One ikllled 
inuitaot ciiil 

coorteev. - OI-tUIu 

1> ftm, food, f<i))t, o 




OIt^-Um (sTv^-Uz), v. U To reclaim from a say- 
age state ; to educate ; to refine. — Olv'l-Uzed 
(-lizd), a. Refined ; cultivated. — Olv'l-ll^zar, 
n. — OlT'l-li-za'tioil (-It-zS'shttn), n. State of 
being civilized ; refinement ; culture. 

01al>a>er (klSl/bSr), n. Milk turned and thick- 
ened. —V. i. To curdle. 

Olaok (klSk), V. i. [Glaokxd (kUOrt) ; Gulokimo.] 
To make a sudden, sharp noise, as by striking 
or cracking ; to clink ; to click ; to tajk rapidly 
and continually. ^ n. A sudden shup noise ; 
continuous talk. — Glaok'er, n. 

Olad (klSd), p. p. of Clothb, v. 

Claim (klam), V. t, [Cladibd (klSmd) ; Glaim- 
INO.] To caU for ; to demand as due. —' v. i. To 
be entitled to anything as a right. — n. De- 
mand, as of right; title to anything; that to 
which one has a ri^ht. — 01alm'a-1)lS (-&-b'l), 
a. Capable of bemg claimed. — GlalM'ailt 
(klam'ant), n. One who claims. 

Olam (klSm), n. A bivalve shellfish; a kind of 
vise or pincers.^ v. L [Glammso (klSmd^; 
Glammino.] To clog, as with glutinous or vis- 
cous matter. — Glam'my (-mf), a. Soft and 
sticky ; glutinous ; slimy. — Olamlnl-lLeM, n. 

Glamliier (klSm'ber), V. i. [Clambbrbd (-bSrd) ; 
Clambekino.] To climb with hands and feet. 

Olam'my, a. See under Clam, n. 

Olam'or (klSm'Sr), n. Loud and ccmtinued noise ; 
uproar; vociferation.— v. i, & t. Glamoebd 
( -Srd ) ; Clamoring.] To demand noisily. — 
Olam'or-ons (-er-Qs), a. Noisy; turbulent. — 
Olam'or-ons-ly, adv. — Glarn'or-ons-ness, n. 

Olamp (kISmp), n. A piece of wood or metal 
for pressing objects t<^ther. — v. L 
To unite firmly. • 

Olamp (klSmp), n. A heavy footstep ; 
tramp. ^ v. t. To tread heavily or 
clumsily ; to clump. 

Clan (klSn), n. A family ; a race ; a 
tribe ;' a sect. — Glana'man (klSnz'- Clamp, 
man), n. Fellow member of a clan. 

— Gian'nlsll, a. Pertaining to a clan ; closely 
united and exclusive as to all without one^s clan. 

— Glan'nlsh-ly, adv. — Glanlilsli-iLess, n. 

. Olan-des'tlne (klSu-dgs'tTn), a. Hidden ; secret ; 
private ; underhand ; sly. — Glan-dOS'tillO-ly, 
adv. — Glaii-des'tine-ne8% n. 

OlanK (klSng), V. t. [Clanosd (klSngd) ; Glano- 
INO.] To strike together with a ringing metal- 
lic sound. — r. i. To resound. —n. A sound 
like that made by striking metal. 
/ Olan'gor (kISn'ger), n. A sharp, shrill, harsh 
sound.— Glan'8;0'-0lis(-&s), a. Making clangor. 

Olank (klSnk), n. A ringing sound, dialer than 
a clang, —v. L & i. To sound with a clank. 

Olan'nlsh', etc. See under Clan, n. 

Olap (kISp), V. t. & t. [Clapped (klSpt) ; Clap- 
ping.] To strike together ; to strike noisily ; to 
applaud. — n. A noise of sudden collision ; a 
burst of sound ; explosion ; bang. — Olap'por, n. 

Olap^board (klSb'bdrd), n. A board thicker at 
one edge than the other, — used for sheathing 
houses, —v. t. To cover with clapboards. 

Oln^ttK^ (klSp'trSp'}, n. A txipk or device to 
gain applauue ; humbug. — a. Sham ; nnr ffa i, 

Clar'et (klSr'fit), n. A French red wine. 

Olar'i-fy (klSr^I-fl ), v, t. [Claufibd (-fid); Glas- 
imNo.] To make clear ; to purify. — ^v. t. To 
become clear or bright. — CUur'l-fl'er (-fi^Sr), n. 

Olar^i-net' (klfir^-nSt/), Clar'i-o-iLet' (-i-nSf ), n. 
A reed instrument of music. 

Olar'l-Oll (klSr^T-iin), n. A kuid of trumpet, of 
clear and shrill note. 

Olaah (klftah], V. i. [Clashed (klSsht) ; Glash- 
ZNO.] To dash noisily together; to come in 
collision ; to interfere. — v. i. To strike noisily 
against. — n. Noisy collision ; conflict. 

Glflip (kl&sp), V. t. [Clasped (kl&spt) ; GLASPDra.] 
To embrace ; to grasp ; to inclose and cling to. 
— n. A catch; close embrace. — Olaip'er, n 

01aBS'(kl&s), n. A group ; rank ; order, division, 
or set of persons or things, ^v. t. [Classed 
(kl&st) ; Glassing.] To arrange in classes ; 
to rank. — v. i. To be grouped or classed. — 
Olass'mate^ (-mSt^), n. One in the same class. 

Olaa'sio (kiSs'sTk), Claa'sio-al (-sT-kai), a. Of 
the first class or rank, esp. in literature or art ; 
pertaining to the Greek and Latin authors and 
artists ; pure ; refined. — Olai'slG, n. A work 
of repute or its author. — Olai'lUc-al-ly, adv. 

Olas'si-fy (klSs'sT-fl), V. t. To distribute into 
classes ; to arrange ; to rank ; to systematize. — 
Olaa'sl-fl-ca^Oll (-fl-ka'shiin), n. A classify- 
iug ; systematic arrangement or enumeration. 

Olarter (klSt'tSr), v. i. [Clattered (-tSrd); 
Clattebing.] To make rattling sounds ; to talk 
noisily.— v. t. Tc strike and make a rattling 
noise. — n. A rattling. — Olatter-er, n. 

Olanse (klftz;, n. A separate portion of a sen- 
tence or of a document. 

Olav'1-Ols (ki&v^-k'l), n. The collar bone. 

Olaw (klf^), n. A sharp, hooked nail, as of a 
beast or bird. — v. t. [Clawed (klj^) ; Glaw- 
rae.l To pull, tear, or scratch. 

Olay tUa), n. Plastic earth. — v. t.—G\tCfVf 
(-jr), a. Consisting of, abounding in, or like clay. 

Glean (klen), a. lYee from dirt or defect ; pure ; 
neat ; complete ; entire. — ^ adv. Without limitar 
tion ; quite ; entirely. — v. i. [Cleaned (klSnd) ; 
Cleaning.] To purify ; to cleanse. — Oleanly, 
adv. In a clean manner ; neatly. — Cleas'llOSBi 
n. — Oleanly (klfin'lj^), a. Habitually clean ; 
pure. — 01ean1i-nes8, n. 

Oleanse (kl8nz), v. t. To make clean. 

Olear (kler), a. Free from opaqueness, fault, etc. ; 
pure ; unmixed ; plain ; distinct ; indisputable. 

— n. Full extent. — adv. Plainly ; completel v ; 
wholly; quite. ^ r. t. ^Cleared (klSrd); 
Clearing.] To free from impurity, obecurity, 
impediment^ etc. ; to pass over ; to obtain above 
all expenses. ^ v. i. TO'become fair or free. — 
Olear'er, n. — Cleaz^y, adv. — Cloar^eas, n. 

— Olear'ance (-ans), n. A clearing ; a certifi- 
cate that a ship is free to sail. — Oleu/iBI^, n. A 
making clear ; justification ; defense ; a tract of 
land cleared of wood for cultivation ; a method 
adopted by bankers for settling balances. 

Si 8, 1, o» a, long ; ft, 6, 1, 5, fl, j^, ■boxt ; lenAte, Cvent, tdea, ftbey. ttnite, oil*, ilrBt Aak, A^ ftM^ 




To stiffen Hoi- 




OlMB^ftazoll' (kler'stiirchO, v, t. 

fonnly with starch. 
Oloat (Uet), n. A atrip for fastening. — v. L 

secure with a cleat. 
Oleave (klev), v. i. [imp. Glbatsd 

( klevd ), Obs. Clavb ( klav ) ; p. p. 

GuiAVBD ; p. pr. Clxavimo.] To stick ; 

to hold ; to adhere ; to cliug. 
Oloave (klev), r. /. & t. {imp. Glkft 

(kl6ft), Obs. Clavk (klav), Obsoles. 

Clovb ( klov )\ p. p. GiiBrr, Glbavbo 

(klevd), or Cloven (klS'v'n) ; p. pr. Cucayino.] 

To part ; to divide ; to split ; to crack. — Gleav^ 

a-bie, a. Capable of cleaving or being divided. 

— Oloav'age (-aj), n. A splitting ; lamination ; 
fracturing. — Oleav'or, n. One that cleaves ; 
a butcher's chopping instrument. 

Olaf (klSf), n. A character in musical notation 

to show t^ key. 
Oleft (klSf t), n. Opening made 

by splitting ; crack ; chink 

cranny, —a. Split ; divided. 
Olem'a-tis (klfim'&-tTs), n. 

Oii^^^ZfZTa. CClet FCf. OClcf. 
MUd in temper and disposition ; gentle ; kind. 

— OlOZn'eiL-oy (-Sn-sj^), n. Mildness ; lem'ty. 
Ol0r^K7 (kler'jj^), n. The body of ecclesiastics, 

or nunisters of the gospel, in distinction from 
the laity. — Oler^gy-man (-man), n. An or- 
dained minister ; one of the clergy. 

Olsr^lo (kl8r1k), n. A clerk, or clergyman. — 
Oler'lG, Oler'10-al (-T-kal), a. Pertaining to the 
clergy, also to a clerk or copyist. 

OlOXk (klSrk ; in Eng. klSrk), n. A parish oiB- 
cer ; a scribe ; an nccountsuit ; a shopkeeper's 
assistant. — Olexk'slllp, n. Office of a clerk. 

OlAT'er (klSv'Sr), a. Expert; dexterous; skill- 
f uL — olev'«r-l7, adv. — Olev'ar-neM, n. 

OleW (klu), n. A ball of thread ; guide ; comer 
of a soil. [Also written clue."] -^ v. t, [Glkwbo 
(klud) ; CLBWCfo.] To truss up (a sail). 

Ollok (kllk), V. i. [CuoKBD (klTkt) ; Cuokxno.] 
To make a small, sharp noise, as by a gentle 
striking ; to tick. — n. A small, tihai^ sound. 

Ollok <kllk), n. A small piece oi iron, falling 
into a notched wheel ; a detenr , a pawl. 

Oll'ent (kll'«nt), n. Chie «mder the protection of 
another ; the employer ot a legal adviser. 

OlUf (klTf-), n. A stee^ rock ; a precipice. 

Oll'mata (kli'mat), n. A region or tract of coun- 
try ; the condition of a place as to atmosphere, 
temperature, moisture, etc. 

Olllnaz ( kll ' mSks ^, n. Upward movement ; 
ascent ; highest pomt or degree ; acme. 

Ollmb (klim), V. i. & t. [imp. & p. p. Climbed 
(kllmd), Obs. or Vulgar Clomb (kl5m) ; p. pr. 
GuMBoro.] To mount by the hands and feet, 
or laboriously. — OUmVor, n. 

OUme (klim), 9,. Climate ; region. 

Ollnoll (klTnch), v. t. [Glikchbd ( klTncht ) ; 
Clinohisg.] To gnrasp ; to gripe ; to establish. 
— n. Fast hold. — GUnGh'er, n. 

Cniac (kllng), V, i. \imp, & p. p. GLUva (klfing), 

Obt. Clohs (klQng) ; p, pr, GLnroiHa.] To Ad- 
here ; to hang (to, upon, or tcM^ther). — Gllng^ 
(-j^), a. Apt to cling ; adheave. 

OUnk (klTnk), v. L & i. [Glinkxd (klTnkt); 
Glinxino.] To make a small, sharp, ringing 
sound. — n. A sharp, ringing sound. — OUnk^ 
er, n. Slag in furnaces, rtoves, etc. 

Clip (klTp), V, i. [Glippbd (kllpt); Gliffing.J 
To cut off ; to cut short ; to curtail. ^ v. t. 
To move quickly. — n. A cutting ; shearing ; 
amount cut off ; blow or stroke ; clasp or strap 
holding parts together. — Ollp'per, n. One 
who, or a machine which, clips (coin, hair, etc.) ; 
a fast sailing vessel. — OUp'Illllig;, n. A cutting. 

I Gllguo (klek), n. A party ; a coterie. 

Oloak (kl5k), n. A loose outer garment; a 
disguise; a pretext.— v. <. [Gloakbd (klokt) ; 
Gloakino.1 To cover with a cloak ; to hide. 

Oloqk (kl5k), n. An instrument for measuring 
time ; figured work on the side of a stocking. — 
OlOOk'wink' (-wQrkO, n. Machinery and move- 
ments of a clock, or regular as those of a clock. 

Olod (kl5d), n. A lump of earth ; a dull, stupid 
fellow. — v. i. To harden into a lump. — Olodf* 
dy {•df)y a. Containing clods ; hard ; gross. ^ 
Olod'ntqp'per (-hSp^per), n. A rude, rustic fel> 
low ; a clown. 

Olog (kl8g), n. That which hinders motion ; ob- 
struction ; impediment ; a kind of heavy shoe, 
—v. t. [Clogobd (kl5gd) ; Cloooimo.] To ob- 
struct ; to encumber. — ^ v. i. To become encum- 
bered ; to coalesce ; to adhere. — OlOjg^gy (-gj^)t 
a. Apt to clog ; adhesive. — OlOg'gl-aess, n. 

Oloke, n. See Cloak. 

Close (kl5z), V. t [Glosbd (kl5zd) ; Closino.] 
To stop ; to shut ; to inclose. — v. i. To come 
together ; to end. — (klos or kloz), n. Unionl of 
puts ; junction ; end ; a small inclosed piece of 
land. — (klos), a. Shut fast ; tight ; confined ; 

secret ; stagnant ; reticent ; niggardly \_ dense ; 

3. — Clfl 
adv. — OlosiB'ness, n. 

solid ; near ; strict ; precise. — GlOSO, Olose'ly 

OlOS'et (kl5z'6t), n. A private apartment.— v. t, 
[Closetbd ; Closetiko.] To shut up in privacy. 

Olot (kl5t), n. A concretion ; coagulation. —?>.«. 
To coagulate ; to be formed into clots or clods ; 
to become gross. — Olot'ty (-ty ), a. Full of clots. 

Olotk (kl5th), n. Woven stuff of fibrous mate- 
rial; a profession, or the members of it, esp. 
the clerical profession. — Glothe (klotfa), v. t. 
[imp. & p. p. Clothed (klotfad). Clad (klfid) ; 
p. pr. Clothing.] To put garments upon ; to 
cover or invest, as with a garment. — Olotll'- 
ler (kI5tfa'ySr), n. One who makes, sells, or 
fulls cloth. — Glotil'ln^i n. Garments ; clothes ; 
dress ; covering. — Gllrthos (klothz or kloz), n., 
pi. of Cloth. Covering for the body or of a 
bed, etc. ; dress ; raiment ; garb. 

Olot'ty, a. See under Clot, n. 

Olond (kloud), n. A collection of visible vapor 
in the air ; a dark mass (of smoke, men, in- 
sects, etc.); obscurity. ^ v. t. To darken or 
obscure; to stain in patches. ^v. «. To grow 
obscure. — Olond^OBS, a. Without a cloud ; 

fim, recent, drb, rude, fyll, Am* ftfbd, f<rot, out, oi]« ohair, go, sins, ink, then, tbiik 

aalonded. — OlondT (USodf), a. Corsnd 
wltli doudl ; obacure ; gimmy ; unintflUigible. 
— OIonfll-lT. odi', — Oloul'l-nBM, n. 

Olrat (lEloiit),Tk Apatoh; rdi-; Hwuldling cloth ^ 
Kbfl ceutfir of k t»rg«t ; a duUhuaded wrouBht- 
iran rail, ^v, /. Xlt paicb ; U> mead ; to etrika. 

CQ0Te(kI5.1,n. A tr™ of the lH>laciaiI.lo«, »nd 
iU Bgwer tud, jleldina a pungent spice. 

OlO^OL (kli/t'n), p. p. from Cluvl Parted ; 

■plu. — 01a^aii-lD6t'«d(-f%t/gd), or -hoofed' 

OlnbTluabj.n. Afau^stickoc 



— aiIlblDCIflA,a. H&vlng 
'-Ik (klOX), t ■ - ■ ~ 


r promat- 

ihort, daforniMI foot 

.ntdk IklBch), n, A ^pe \ sel 

BO.] Toci 

I collection : 
-t3rd)i Ctir 

{kOcht); . 
IMO.] to C 

. Wood eJurred, c 

pATtUJI; bi 

Wt-lU'UULM (-1 

nlnci (kCmlnez), n, p2. Tlie rblsed r 
--• (kBre], ' -....-■ 

(kfcl), n 

.__., t#ritt£nalao«^6..,i„.] 

OoiTM (kSre), a. I^ne ; uroHi rude j tiilfU-. 
Otiim'17, arfii —goal — ' 

corer with a coat or witli layers. — ONtlnf , n, 

lOil tkasj/v. (. [CoiBO IkEkWI ; Co^B.'i 
To permiadBbir flatierjr: loeiitice.— Oou'ar. n. 
lob I Mb), B. Tlw lop or bead ; a ipike of uslie ; 

CdDDU (kn/bl), Oobnilt-tlMM' [-itCn'),)!. A 

Ur|K' pebble or roouded atone. 
CoKTrii (wn/b-i), T. t. [coBBMD (-b'ld); Cob. 

BUBO.] To niakeoriBeDdeo»r«ly, topatdi) 

tobotcb. — OoMllBr, n. A 

I'OonnR aa'sa-peflolliS^rA 
dt ki-pil'iS). Tbc hooded 

CoVwab'IkOU'i'Sb'). "■ A 

Oo'0« (iykl), n.' 


be dried 
I OiVkk. 

■iB,I,o, a,l«ig i a, «, !,«. a,r,A 

t i Mutt^ tnot, Mh, Abe;, OdIM, «*», Km, iA, «11, Ona^ 


, Tb* mila of Urdi) i 

[GocuD (kfikt)i Cocme.] To unnga (hajr. 

Oook'(klSlL), ». A tunlag or ntUnt up (tbe Bje, 

"— -'(kai)'. fi, Th» hammer 'ol i tranlock.— 
- i ._..._. ni),lBord8r 

. To lirin back (Uh 

A knot of rU>boiu 
Oo«k'a-to«' (ktai't-tiioO. n- A bird oC tlw i 
Ooak^cmiW (kSk'krS'). Oodk'aiaWliif. n. 
'ik'«r (kOk'^i 

(kttkliO™'), n. 

A cnuu-Q nKkiug^one. 


Ibla blialTO ahellfisb. — 

Ooo'klMkaU' (-ahO'), n. 


Oodlta (kUd'nD), Osmac (-»■«); n. An bn- 
nuthira aiijdt ; a eookiiiE atipls. 

OD'■^tl'el■Bt Iklfn-nib^it^ u. Ca«penlli>g; 
acting in union to tha lanu end. ^ n. That 
which unlMi in aatlon with Hnetblng elje i in 
iiiatheautica,aknowDquiuititf putbeiorBquaD- 
tJH, known or unknown, to ataow bow man; 
tlmea they ire to b« taken. 

Oa-Vmtl(ti-Vt'Hii),a. Equal with inotber.— 

OB^oa* (kj^a™?), V. I. [CoiKoni (.Snt^ ; Co- 

'.-tr-tX^g).} To tetoin by fo™; to 

— OO-ST'dlaiLt-llinii), R. Compulllon; 
. — (hMI'dlTa (-Sr'alv), o. Compet 

OO-S^VWvall, a. Ot the aame age. — n. 

OV«XU.V (kS-agj-Isf), B, (. To eiUt togethnr! 
— Od'u-llt'uun (-«u), a. £iUtence M the 

OollMOiai'n), n. The kernel ol the ben7 of ■ 

Oook'rMuih' (kSk'rScb'), n. 
Ooifti'oomV (kSki^Sm' 

Oook'twiln (k&k'an^, f 

<Mfked},n. Ahiuk; apod; abag. 
Old (kIM), n. A food Bah of the norl 
Ood'dll OlBd'd'l). V. I. To pet ; to p 
Ooda (kSd), n. A irmem or dlge^ ol 
OBai-MlkBnr),^. An.l«r;anodd 
O04a^JU (kBd^^n), n. A mpplemeD 
Wtirtr (kydl-fi w kBdl-fi), v. I. 
(lawa) to a cods or dlgett. 

it. - DoflM-lioaw 

eDUrtan^t. - ^°'. 
iM-pof (-p5V),fi. A i 

coffee ia boUed or ieF 

lapSr (kHffSr), n. A 


de "^''"••■ 

water duri 

iDBtmctlan or pien, 



!»|, n. 

Tlie caeo hicloiJng 


for burial ; 







Get |k(lg), n 

.on a wheel tort 

tlnk lOOtio 

™(B.-Oorw!l«l'{-hwW).n- A wheal with 

Oaglkfixl. Oorilt(k«g'E'l)i*L Afiebingboat. 
Oo'gint (kS-jSnt), a. Having great force; ur- 
gent; coniincing; redttleia, — OO'nU-Ir, toll. 

— Oo'Beil-Or(-i«n.«J),tl. etrengtK ; (OTH!. 
Oog'1-Wtl (kBjI-tEt), t. (. To reflect; to medl- 

late. — V, I. To plan ; to consider. — Daft-fM.'- 
Uoa (.ta'ahOn). n. Thought; meditation. 

CCIMC' (ki'nyik'). n. A kind of French brandy. 

Oodlta (kOg'ngt). a. Bom together! allied 
by blood, birth, origin, etc. ; akin.— b. One of 

OoVttlM (kB^nii), v. (. [C^sizuj (-nM) ; Coo- 
Hlirao.] To know ; to perceive ; to recogniie. 

— □BS-nJ'tlen (-nleh'Bo), ti. Act ot knowing; 
thing known; ipprohenalon. — OOf ' nl - Mat 
(kBg'nI-iantsrkGnl-1,1. HaTlng knowledga ; 

t, Orb, rgda, 1^ Am, ftfbd, ftfiit, std, oll| ohalr, so, dun iQk, tlian, tl 


awira. — Ooi/bI-iuim (kClg'iiT-ifnu or 
n. KnowtedgB ; Jurixiictiaii \ btd^. 
OfW-mCmra U8g-n5^"-* - ' ' — -'- - 

. Bee nndor Coo, k 

ra,] ■ 

ig together 
- ao-hsi'ai 

, ifl). Co-hei'MmT t-m- 

OO'llB'liail (kS-he'ihan), n. The ut of stlchdng 
together; uoloa, — OO-hl'llTS |-sl>), a, Hav- 
luE power ot cobeiLDg. — Oo-lu'itTS-nui, n. 

Oo-Hart (kyhan), n. a bodj of wldLe™. 

OoU (koif). n. A beiw]dre» ; ■ cap. — OoUfnn 

OdU (koJI). u. 


koUd) ; Ci 

'"■] J? 

ivo-J T^ pub a coUktdd ; toaeL 


)l-taf«r-*l ^oi-a_t;srB_i)_,_o. On th 

l« of; 

OoMt^Uond'Cil-la'ihOD). n. A comparfog or be- 
OallM(ii>(^'''''%)''!- One Quited with uutbert 
aol-loaV (kSli-mf ), c. <. To gather or bring la- 
ter; to conclude.— Oonxit (kOI'lBktj.'n. A 
»hort, compraheniive prayer. — Cot-lMt'Ml 
(-lSkt^),ii. NoidiBcaiicened;(mil;compoKd 
-Ool-lsoVed-nMi. n.-0l)l-lwt'i)r (-intJr), 
n. Onn whocrolLect*: a recoiTerof taxea, dutin- 
iBcroi-i^ Oiil4Ht'iiT4tt (;tt). n 

l-bl« (-I-b'l), a. 
Cal-lutlui (IB 

CatAbJeot 1 
:'iliBii),R. : 

collectar. — (M^Mf- 

ly. — Col-l«Ot'lT»-lT, oJp' 
OolTOBB (kW'lBj), ^ ' An iBsei^bll^ tM 

A coUcglatB. 

(llH-liao'(liBl-lid'), r. .. 

Ool'Ue (kSliri, OotlT, Oolley, 


-lo-gl-U (-jT-ai 
To daxh together. 

lollln (kSI'ySr), n. A diner of coal ; ■ dede 

Id coal i a leiHl employed in the coal trade, " 
0tL11ar-7l-S).n.;pl.CoiA.aiaBii-ii). Apbw 

lol-11'slim (hai-llSi'Bn), B. A colitdliig or rtrik 

lug together 
aol-lo'dt-DS (kSI-15'dI-Ea), n. 

OollMny (kane-ltwj), n. Mutual dlecoi 
Ool-Wqiii-^ t-lryknT-al), a. Pertaliim)i 
— Ool-itKanl-al-ly, adv. — OoHyinl- 

t ; Matte, Sreiit, Ide^ 6bej, llnlte, o 

«, ttrm, Oak, Dll, Onolt 

<.Ii'B),«. An« 
Hon, but not tn li 
Ool-lnd^ (km-Iiid' 

»BC8,-0iiHn'ilVB {-»!»), D. FrauduK 

(wrted ; deceitfuJ. — Ool-ln'iin-lj. <k 

Oo-locuK(kA'l3Li')T n- Fulumad aloDhfl 

Oolo^al (kQr'iiel),n. The comnwDdsF of a reei- 
nuiDt. — OolB'iiil-iir (-■}). Oolo'iul-iMp 

Oo-loW-il, DoI'D-nllt, etc. See undei COLONl, 


.r (MtSn-nid'), n. i 

. to a remote country, uid Hibiect t 
atat« ; a country plantad or c^Joniie 
1-»1 (kS-iynl-ul), a. Pirti 


IT (ktU%), f). A property or light; biu 

a burner ; Ba), ( waiga. — v. I.' [Colou 
rd) : CoLOBUfa.l To lint : to dye ; to £taiT 

Bahe plausible. ->.,*. To bfuab.- Ool 
ia{-ird).a, HayinKcoloridyndgretnined; r 

flolt (kSlt), n. 

dolt ' lib,* a. 

frirkj' ^ 

o«it« (kn'- 

Ool ' n-Wu 

(kSl'B-brin), . 
a. Relating - 


QiecieB tba nrsetbeut ot HarlaqalD In panto- 

Ool'miui (kSl'ODi), n. A cylindrical lupport lor 
a roof* ceilioff, etc. ; a pillar ; a body ot troop* 
drawn up Id mefl ; a perpendicular ut of liiiet Id 
a book or newapaper. — Oo-lnm'nar (kt-lOm'. 

OofuUEl'i*).)!. A cabbage wUoee teedi atloril 
an otl UHd <n ligfatinx and lubricatbig. 

UOo^ IkS'mft), n. Fropenalty to aleep ; leth. 
ai«y. — ayDU-taBC (kS'ml-tSa' or fcSm'*.}, 
flrlu-tou (-tOa), 0, Lethargic; droway. 

llOo^l (kiS-mi), n. The enidope of a comet. - 
Ofauta (mtt), a. Hairy -, bushy. 

OomblkSni), n. A tootlied implemeiit f or cleaoB- 

ki5o,d)iCoiiBn.8.] Todi* 

Vint, n. The' act or proc- 
) ; pf. hair, etc., collected by B 

OomTiat IkBrn'St' or ktlm'-), v. i. rCoM«ATiD i 
CoKBATiKa.] To itruggle; to contend. — I. (. 
Tofiglit Hitli I to oppose; laccntest; torsaiA. 

OlMn'bat'Ult (-rrnt), a, Cotileudmg; disposed ' 
tocoDtcud, — n. Que whn engages In combat. 
— OomTiit-lT* (kOiii'liSt.ty or kfim-htf-). a. 
Pugnaciooa. — Oon'bat-lTS-ntH. ". 
Oim-bliie' (hfini-bin'}, v. i. & i. [ComnD 

oWbl-lMtlon (kam'bl-na'sliila), n-Tlui™; 

l-1>il»'tl-bi« {HBm-bOe'tt-b' 

>, r^da, fyll, an, USM, UStM, o 




Ckmilort-«r (kQin'f8rt4lr), n. — Oom'fort-a-lilo, 

a. Affording or enjoying comfort. '— n. A bed- 
quilt. — Oomf ort-a-My, adv. — Oomfort-a-lile- 
ness, n. — Oomfort-lMis, a. Without comfort ; 
miserable; forlorn. 
CknB'iC (kSmTk), Oom'lo-al (-T-kal), a. Relating 
to comedy ; droll ; laughable ; ridiculous. — 
Oom'io-al-ly, adv. — Oom'lo-al-neBS, Gom'l- 
oal'l-ty (-kkiT-tyj, n. 

Oom'lng (k&mTug), a. Approaching; future; 
the next.— n. Approach; advent; arrival. 

Oom'ma (k5m'm&), n. A character [,] marking 
the smallest division of a sentence. 

Oom-niAnd' (k5m-m&nd'), v. t. To order ; to di- 
rect ; to goveili ; to claim. —v. i. To have su- 
preme authority. — n. An order ; injunction ; 
sway ; naval or military force under an officer. — 
Oom^man-dant' (-m&n-dant'), n. Commanding 
officer. — Gom-mand'er (-m&nd'Sr), n. A chief ; 
a leader ; a naval officer next below a captain. 

Cknn-mUid'ment (k5m-mftnd'ment), n. An order ; 
au injunction ; a charge ; a precept ; one of the 
ten laws given bv'God at Mount Sinai. 

Oom-man'O-rate (k5m-mSm'i-rikt), v. t. To cele- 
brate by a solemn act. — OoBL-meill'O-ra'ttOll 
(-ra'shou), n. Celebration. — Oom-niem'O-ra- 
tlTo (-m6m'i-r&-tlv), Gom-mem'o-ra-ta-ry 
(-tt-rj^), a. Serving to commemorate. 

Cknn-menoo' (kSm-mena'), v. %. & t. [Comhbncsd 
(-mSnsf); Coiimenciho.] To begm; to orig- 
inate. — Gom-monce'inent (-ment), n. First 
existence of anyihing ; rise ; origin ; beginning ; 
the day when degrees are conferred by colleges. 

Oom-mend' (k5m-mSndO, V. t. To praise ; to rec- 
ommend. — Gom-inand'a-blo (-&-bU\ a. Laud- 
able ; praiseworthy. — GOBL-maid'a-Dle-ness, n. 

— Gom-mend'a-bly, adv. — Gom'men-datlon 
(-mfin-da'shfin), n. Praise ; approbation. 

Ocm-men'ra-rate (kSm-mSn'shy-rit), a. Having 
a common measure; equal in measure or ex- 
tent ; proportional. — Com-men'su-rate-ly, adv. 

Oom'mait (kSm'mfint), V. t. To explain by re- 
marks, observations, or criticisms. — n. An 
explanatory remark or criticism. 

Oom'men-ta-ry (-men-t&-ij^), n. Annotation ; ex- 
planation ; memoir of particular transactions. 

— Cun'mai-ta'tor (-tsa^r), Gom'mont'er 

(kSm'mSnt^Sr), n. One who comments. 

Oom'merGe (kSm'mers), n. Interchange of com- 
modities ; trade ; personal intercourse. — COBl- 
nier'clal (-mSr'shal), a. Pertaining to com- 
merce ; mercantile. — Gom-mer'Clal-lyt adv. 

Ooai'miB'er-ate (k5m-mTz'Sr-at), v. t. To feel sor* 
row, pain, or regret for ; to pity ; to lament ; to 
condole. — Gom-mls'er-a'tfon (-a'sh&n), n. 
Pity ; sympathy ; condolence. 

Oom-mis'slon (k5m-mTsh'&n), n. The act of com- 
mitting, doing, or perpetrating ; charge ; trust ; 
body of persons intrusted with the exercise of 
some duty ; warrant ; authority ; thing to be 
done as agent for another ; compensation to a 
factor or agent. — v. i. To give a commission 
to ; to authorize ; to empower ; to depute. — 
Com-inls'slon-er, n. One empowered to act. 

Gom-mlt' (kSm-mTtOt V. /. [OoHMmBD; Gov. 

MiTTiMO.] To give in trust ; to do ; to perform ; 

to consign ; to pledge. — Gom-mlfmont, n. Act 

of committing, esp. to prison. 
Ocm-mlttee (k5m-mTft£), n. A body of pfsraons 

appointed to attend to any business. 
Gum-mo'dl-OllS (k5m - m5 ' dT - fis), a. Affording 

ease and convenience ; comfortable. — GOBL- 

mo'dl-ons-ly. adv. — Gom-mo'dl-oiis-iiesB, n. 

Gom-mod'i-ty (kSm-mSdl-tj^), n. Interest ; ad- 
vantage 4 an article of merchandise. 

GomtoO-dore' (k5m'mi-d5r^), n. The commander 
of a squadron. 

Gom'nion (kSm'mttn), a. Belonging to many ; gen- 
eral; frequent; usual; public; vulgar; mean. 
— n. A tract of ground uninclosed or belonging 
to the public. — v. t. To use together ; to board 
together. — Gom'SLons (-mfinz), n. pi. Com- 
mon people ; the lower house of the British par- 
liament ; food at a common table ; fare. — Oom'- 
nion-er, n. One not noble. — Gom'mon-ly, adv. 
Usually ; generallv. — Com ' m«n - ILOSS, n. — 
GoBl']na]^plaoe' (kSm'm&n-plSs' ), a. Com- 
mon ; hackneyed ; ordinary. — n. A trite re- 
mark ; a platitude. 

Gom'moii-weal' (k9m'mfin-wel'), Gom'mon- 

wealtb^ (-wSlthOi n. Public government; 
state ; body politic. 

Gom-mo'tion (kSm-mS'sh&n), n. Violent motion ; 
agitation ; tumult. 

Gom-miine' (k5m-mun'), V. i. [CoMinnfSD 
( - mund ' ) ; Communino.^ To converse famil- 
iarly ; to confer ; to receive the communion ; to 
partake of the Lord's supper. — Gom-mn'Bl- 
oant (-mu'nT-kont), n. One who partakes of 
the Lord's supper. 

Gern'mune (kom'mun), n. A small territorial 
district in France, its people, or its govern- 
ment. — Gorn'mil-iial, a. Pertaining to a com- 
mune. — Gorn'ma-nal-im, n. A French politi- 
cal doctrine that each commune forms a state, 
largely independent of the national government. 

— Corn'ma-nal-lst, n. An advocate of com- 
munalism. — Gom'mn-nal-ls'tio, a. Pertaining 
to communalism. 

Oom-mn'nl-cate (k5m-mu'nT-k5t), v. t. To im- 
part ; to reveal. — v. i. To share ; to partici- 
pate ; to have or afford means of intercourse. 

— Oom-mn'iU-oa'tor (-kiS^tSr), n. — Gom-ma'- 
nl-oa-ble (-k&-b'n, a. Capable of being commu- 
nicated or imparted. — Oom-mn'Bl-oa'tlOll 
(-nT-ka'shSn), n. The act of communicating ; 
intercourse ; correspondence ; a letter ; news. 

— Gom-mn'ni-oa-tive ( -k&-tTv ), a. Inclined 
to communicate ; unreserved. — Goill-flin'&i-ca- 
tlTfr-ness, n. 

Gem-num'lon (kSm-mun'yfin), n. Intercourse; 
fellowship ; concord ; unity ; a body of Chris- 
tians united in faith and discipline; celebra- 
tion of the Lord's supper. 

Gem'mn-nlsm (kSm'md-nTz'm), n. The doctrine 
of community of property among all citizens of 
a state or society ; a scheme for equalizing social 
conditions. — Gom'mn-nlst, n. An adrocate of 

S,e,I, i^ a, loog ; ft, 6, 1, tt, O, t, short ; iMiAte, «v«nt, tdMs 6bey, ftnite, oiz^ ttrm, &ik, «U, flBfll, 


Oom-SID'al-tT (kSm-mii^T-t}), n. Coaunan pen- 
HuioD m.enjoynieiit! ucletj at Urga ; mum- 
ber of penoDB livinff under BunilAr condllioofl. 

OOm-UDU' (kSm-muf), It t. To Bichui^^ to 
leBHm ; to dimloialu ■» V- ^ To bargain for 

■twd of putbyput. — oiun-mufar.n.— 7om- 
mnfK-Uh a, CfapHble at being commuled. — 

OonLmiit'a-Ut-iigu, (koB-mafa-Ull-tr (-i- 
bin-lj), n. — Cl)Bl''«ll-tl'tllBi. n. Eichange. 
Oran-pKitf (kSm-pttl/), a. ~ ' ' ~ ' 


I. ClDH 

Oma'put (kBm^ttt), t 

l0it<-U«, a. Affnuble u i 
bte. — 0<nB'9Ui'l0&-sUPi n 
Dom'^Br (kOmipi-Tit), n. 
campuiDD ; teOofatip; pe 


- Gam' pa- r. 

M-Hl, adv. . 
Estimated 1. 

m-pRi'i-tlv>-ly, ndl 

Ovm-purf (kSm-plirf ), 1. 1. To divide. ~ Odu 
pufmant l-mmt), n. Ona of the Hpuat 

■- ■-■- -vt..j inylUng 1b divi'-^ 

.me), n. X ciicui 


Oom-paa'alim (Lom-ptih^n), 
«. A ■uffarCng with an* 
other ! pitj ! sympathy' — 
Oom-pai'uaii-ata (-tt), a. 
mertltul i kind. — Oom-paa'i 

1 to pity; 
ly nJw.- 

prebemlTe. — Oam-mn'dl-OUa-ly, m 

paa'di-ua (-n*n'dl-llin), B. An ej^i 

Oom'«B-a«W (kOm'pSn-rtt or kOm-pB 



halUKS. —Oon'pea-MllM (kHm'pl&jSVilbil, 

Oam-pato' (tSm-pitO, •. (. To _ 

-daa'pa-tltlaa (kHm'pt-tlab'iiii), n. A oom. 

peling ; a oonUM i a atiifa for the aiime object 

parl-tlTe (-pEt'T-tTi), a. Part^i^ to oompe- 
ilcion. -OaBi-vafl-tDi(-tSr),n. A riiiL 
Oon'P*-taiit (kCim'pt-tent), a- Adequate ; niO- 
eiani; qualiaod ; fll. — Oom'pa-taiiMy. ais — 
Oom'pa-taiuia (-uns), Com'p*-taii-aT (-t<u-a|p), 

inoy; adtquai 


Com-pla'oant (k^ni- 

l^r books, 4tc 
ipiliDg I'nork oompUed. 

ttom'plg-iuiit (kSin'pie 

Coin'plWBantal [-in. 

Oom-pliU' (kijiu-plit'), 

— OiJm'pl>j[-ly, adv. — Om 

I-ty|, n. Slate of bainecm 
Oom-plgilaii (-piek'il^On), n. 

), ConL'pla-mAiiti- 

1), a. Of many partA ; intTl> 
■ Tt. AniiFrablage ; colJectlon. 

£x1-tT (-piau'- 
; intricar)-. 
_,,._. »..u.,,». Oolororhueoftlia 
of ti)e face ; appearance ; aepect. 
noa IkCm-pli'one), n. The act of com- 
ftMenl. — OoBl-PU'»iit<-mit), a. lield- 
liglnE. — ODm-pll'anMy, a4r. 
ala.(liflm'pll-k5t|, r. I. To twirt to- 

bavalve. ^fl. CompoKil of two or more parte 
nnited ; complei : intricate, — Com'pll-ORta-ly 
(-kiwj), ndi. — Oam'pll-oatunaa, ti. — 0am'- 
pIlHU^un (-ki'ahdn), n. A confueed blending 

Oom-pllo'l-ty (kBm-plIe^-tjE), n. Co^ition ol 

Oom'i^-mant (kSm'pll-roent), n. An ect or ei- 

delJcate flattflrj. ^V- I. & i. To praiae ; to flat- 
tar ; to command. — Oom'pll-mUtal (-m^n'- 
tal], Oom'jU-mintB-rr (-ra«n't*-rj), a. Kl- 

Corn-ply' 111 Bm-pll'l, p, i. [CoKruui (-plid')| 

Bi nooit, ttb, t^S», f fill flm, Utoi, Mbt, o 




Cknil-P</ll8llt (kSm-pS'ntfiit), a. Berring or help- 
ing to form; constituting. -»n. A constituent 
part; an ingredient. 

Ckxm-port' (kom-pSrf ), V. i. To agree ; to suit. — 
V. t. To behave ; to conduct (one*8 self). 

Ocm-pose', v. t. [GouoesD (-pSsd') ; GoMFosnre.] 
To pat together (thoughts in writing, type for 
printing, etc.); to originate; to constitute; to 
form; to soothe; to allay; to quiet. — OOOI- 
poaad' (-p5zd'), a. Calm; quiet; tranquil. — 
Oom-pos'ed-ly (-Sd-ij^), adv. — Com-poB'ed- 
nesf f n. — Oom-poi'er, n. One who composes ; 
an author (esp. of music). — OOBL-pos'lte (-p5z'- 
Tt), a. Made up of parts ; compounded. — Oom^- 
po-sitlon (kSm'pi-zIsh'tiu), n. A composing ; 
a mixture ; combination ; production ; adjust- 
ment; written work. — Com-pos'l-tor (-post- 
tSr^f n. One who composes ; one who sets type. 

Oom^OSt (k5m'pSst), n. A mixture for fertili- 
sing land. —V. L To manure. 

Oom-po'Blire ( kSm-pS'zhijir ), n. Calmness; se- 
dateness; order. 

Oom-poiind' (k5m-pound'), v. t. To put together ; 
to mix in one mass ; to combine ; to unite. — v. i. 
To come to an agreement. — OomlKnilid (k9m'- 
pound), a. Composed of elements, ingredients, 
or parte. — ^ n. A mixture. 

Chmi'prd-liond' (kSm^pr^hSnd'), v. t. To contain ; 
to include ; to comprise ; to understand. — Oom'- 
pre-hen'slon (-hSn'shCln), n. A comprehend- 
mg; capacity; perception. — Oom^prfr-neiL'slVO 
(-S1 t), a. Including much in small space ; large ; 
full; capacious.— Ocm^pre-lian'siY^Iy, adv, — 
Oom'pre-lian'slY^iLess, n. 

Oom- press' (k5m-prgs'), v. L [Comprbssbd 
(-presf) ; Comfbessing.] To press together ; to 
squeeze ; to condense. — Gom'press (kSm'prSs), 
n. A psbd used by surgeons. — Oom-press'l-ble 
(-prfisa-b'l) a. Capable of being pressed to- 

S ether. — Oom-press'l-lile-iiess, Oom-presrl- 
Ul-ty (-I-Mi'T-ty),n. — Oom-pres'slon 
(-prSsb'Qn), n. Act of pressing ; state of being 
compressed. — CGin-pres'slve (-sTv), a. Hav- 
ing power to compress. 

Oom-prlse' (k5m-priz'), V. t. [CoMFBiSBD (-pmd^ ; 
CoMPRisiNO.] To include ; to imply. 

OmmyitO-miaid (k5m'prt-miz), n. Agreement in 
which mutual concessions are made. —v. t. To 
adjust by mutual concessions; to commit; to 
put to hazard. ^ v. «'. To make an agreement. 

Oomp-tronor (kSn-trSl'ler), n. A controller ; — 
an officer who examines and certifies accounts. 

Oom-pnl'slon (kSm-p&Ksh&n), n. The act of com- 
pelling ; force applied ; constraint. — Com-pnl'- 

M-to-ry (-si-ts-rj^), Oom-pnl'so-ry (-si-rj^), 

OdXn-pnl'slYe (-sTv), a. Having power to cora- 

SBi ; forcing. — Oom-pnl'so-xl-ly (- s* - rT - ly ), 
om-pnl'slvfr-Iy, adv. 
Oom-puno^on (k9m-pSnk'shfin), n. Remorse; 

reproach of conscience. 
Odm-pnte' (k5m-puf), v. t. To determine by cal- 
culation ; to reckon ; to estimate.— Oom-pilt'er, 
Oom'pn-tlBt (kSm'pti-tTst), n.— Oom'pu-tation 
(kOm'pfi-ta'shfin), n. A reckoning ; calculation. 

Oom'taAo (k^m'rXd or -rtd), n. A mate, com- 
panion, or associate. 

Oon (k5n), V, t. [CoNHSD (kSnd) ; GomnHG.] 
To study over ; to peruse ; to memorize. 

Oon'CSVO (kSnlciv or k5n'-), a. Hollow and 
curved or rounded.— n. A hollow; an arch; 
a vault. — Gon-oav'l-ty (k5n-kXva-tj^), n. Hol- 
lowness of a rounded body. 

OoB-oeal' (k5n-881'), V. t. [Concsalbd (-seldO ; 
CoBOBAUNO.] To hide ; to disguise ; to dissem- 
ble ; to secrete. — Oon-oeal'a-hlo (-^b*l), a. 
Capable of bein^ concealed. — Con-oeftl'llLfl&t, 
n. A hiding ; hiding place ; dl^uise. 

Oon-oede' (k^sSd'), v. t. To yield ; to grant ; to 
admit to be true ; to surrender. — v. t. To vield. 

Oon-oelt' (kSn-sSf), n. Fancy ; vanitpr ; pride of 
opinion, —v. /. To fancy ; to imagine. — Oon- 

ealt'edra. Vain ; egotistical. — Oon-oelt'ed-ly 
(-M-1^), adv. — Oon-oelt'ed-ness, n. 

Oon-oelve' (kSn-sevOi v. t. [Conceivsd (-sSvd') ; 
CoNCKiviNO.] To form (a plan, idea, etc.), in 
the mind); to suppose; to think. — v. i. To 
become pr^;nant; to think. — Oon-oelv'a-lde 
(-4-bU), a. Capable of being comprehended; 
intelligible. — Cfon-oelT'a-toly (-bl^), adv, 

Gon-oen'trata (kOn-sSn'trat or kSn'sen-), v, t. To 
bring to a common center ; to unite more closely ; 
to combine. — Oon'C«n-tratlon (kSn's&i-tra'- 
shOn), n. Act of concentrating ; state of being 
concentrated. — Oon-oentra-tlve (-sSn'tri-tTv), 
a. Serving to concentrate. — C<ni-oentn-tiT»- 
ness, n. — Oon'oen-tra'tor (kSn'sSn-trS'tSr), n. 

Oon-oentxlc (k6n-s8n'trTk), Gon-cen'trlc-al (-trT- 
kal), a. Having a common center. — Goil-ea&'- 
trlo-al-ly, adv.— Oon^oen-trlo'1-ty (-trlaa-tj^), n. 

Gon'oopt (k5n'sSpt), n. An abstract general con- 
ception ; notion. — Oon-oep'tiOll (k5n-e6p'shlin)f 
n. A conceiving ; state of being conceived ; 
formation in the mind of an image, idea, or no- 
tion; apprehension. 

Gon-oezn' (k5n-sem'), v. t. [Corcxrhsd (-sSmd^ ; 
CozrcBBNiNO.] To belong or relate to ; to affect ; 
to disturb, ^n. An affair ; care ; anxiety ; re- 
rard ; a business ; a firm. — Oon-oeni'ilig,pr(^ 
Pertaining to ; regarding ; with respect to. 

Oon-oert' (kSn-sSrf), v. t. & i. To plan to|rether ; 
to devise ; to contrive. — Gon'cert (kSn'iMrt), n. 
Agreement ; plan ; harmony ; a musical enter- 
tainment. — Oon'cer-ti'na (-sSr-te'n&), n. A 
musical instrument of the accordion speciea. 

Gon-oes'slon (k5n-s6sh'iin), n. A conceding or 
granting ; a thing yielded ; a grant ; a boon. 

Ooncll (kOE^), n. A marine shelL — Oon-CllOl'O- 
gy (-k51'5-jj), n. Science 
of shells. —Ooil-cllOl'O-glst 
(-jTst), n. One versed in 

llOon'olergr ( kdv'flyirch' ), 
n. A janitor. 

Oon-oU'1-ate ( kSn-sn^-tt ), 
v. t. To gain by favor ; to 
win over; to propitiate; to 

padf y. — Oon - Oil ' 1 - a ' tor 

(-a/tSr), n — OOBHSU'l-a-tO-ry (-4-t«-fj^), 


Si 8, 1, iS II, long ; ft, «, 1, 5, 0, t, short ; Mnftte, «v«nt, tdea, 6bey, ttntte. oAi^ ttrm, Aak, «^ 




Tending to conciliate. — Gon-oll'l-a'tlini (-»'• 
shiin), n. A conciliating ; reconciliation. 
Oon-OiM' (kSn-eia'), a. Expreasing much in few 
words ; terse ; brief ; comprehensive ; succinct. 

— Oon-clsely, adv. — Oon-ciso'iioss, n. 
Oon'OlaTO (kBn'idSv or k5n'-), n. A private apart- 
ment ; a meeting of the cardinals to elect a pope. 

Oon.-Olude' (k5n-klud0, V. t. To bring to an end ; 
to finish ; to determine ; to decide ; to infer. — 
V, t. To come to an end ; to close ; to terminate. 

— Ooii-olnd'«r, n. — Gon-oln'sioii (-klu'zhOn), 
n. End ; decision ; inference. — OOB-Oln'slVO 
(hbTv), a. Final; ultimate; definitive. — Oon- 
oln'sive-ly, adv. — Gon-oln'slYfr-ness, n. 

Oon-HMCt' (kon-kSkf ), v. t. To digest ; to ripen ; 
to devise ; to contrive ; to plan ; to plot. — OoOr 
OOCt'or, n. — Oon-OOOtlolL (-k5k'shan), n. Di- 
gestion; contrivance. 

Con'oord (k5nncdrd), n. Agreement ; harmony ; 
union; a Jark blue American grape. — Oon- 
OOrd'anM (k5n-kdrd'ans), n. Agreement ; con- 
sonance ; a minute verbal index to a book. — 
Oon-OOrd'Ult (-ant), a. Agreeing ; harmonious. 
— Oon-oord'ant-ly, adv, 

Oom'COima (kSn'kSrs), n. A moving or running 
together; an assembly; a crowd. 

Oon'crete (kSn'krSt or k5n'-), a. United in 
growth ; formed by coaliti(m of particles into one 
body ; not abstract. — n. A compound ; a mass ; 
artificial stone. — Oon-crete' (k5n-kref ), t7. i. & 
t. To unite in a mass. — Oon-crete'ly, adv. — 
Oon-crete'iiess, n. — Oon-ore^tton (-kre'shiin), 
n. A concreting ; a mass ; a lump. 

Oon'on-MllO (kSn'kfi-bin), n. A woman who oo- 
faabits with a man without marriage. 

Oon-GllX' (k5n-kQr'), v. i. [CoNcmtaBD (-kfirdO » 
CoNcuEBXNG.] To meet in the same point ; to act 
jointly; to unite in opinion; to assent. — Gcoi- 
onz'reiioa (-kiir'rens), n. Union ; conjunction ; 
agreement. — Oon-Olirfrailt (-rent), a. Acting 
in conjunction ; codperating ; associate. 

Oon-eiu'sion ( k5n-kttsh'Qn ), n, A shaking; a 
shock; ajar. 

OQB.Aamn' (k9n-d8m0» v. U [Gondbmksd 
(-dSmd') ; CoNDBXNma (-dSm'nTng or -dSm'- 
ing).] To pronounce to be wrong ; to censure ; 
to doom ; to sentence. — Con-dmn'liwr (-dSm'- 
nSr or -dfim'Sr), n. — Oon-dem'na-lllA (-n&-b*l), 
a. Worthy of condemnation ; blameworthy ; cul- 
pable. — Ckm'dem-natlon (kSnMSm-ni'shiin), 
ft. Act of condemning ; blame ; sentence. 

Oon-donse^ (kSn-dSns'), v. t. & i. [GoNDmrsKD 
(-dfinst^); Condensing.] To make or become 
more dense ; to consolidate ; to thicken. — Gon- 
6nu^9r (-dSn'sSr), n. — Oon-d«n'M-ble (-d6n'- 
b4 -VI ), a. Capable of being condensed. — 
Ckm^dan-M'tloil ( k5nM8n-s5'shfin ), n. Con- 

OoiB'd»-SCend' (kOn'd^-sfind')* v. i. To let one*s 
B^ down ; to waive a privilege of rank or posi- 
tion ; to deign ; to vouchsafe. — Ckm'dO-SOend'- 
iBf-ly, adv. By way of condescension. — Gon'- 
de-MMn'llon (-sSn'shGn), n. Complaisance; 
courtesy; affability. 

Oon-dlSB' CkSn-dinOrO^ Deserved; suitable. 

Gon'dl-maLt (k5n'dl-ment), n. Something to 
give relish to food ; seasoning. 

0<mrdi'tlon (k5n-dXsh'ttn), n. State; quality; 
term or article of agreement. ^v.i.& i. [Cos- 
DinoNiD (-dTsh'iind) ; Conditionimo.1 To con- 
tract ; to stipulate. — Gon-dltlon-al (-al), a. 
Containing, implying, or depending on, condi- 
tions ; not absolute. — OCMI-dltloIl-U-lyi adv. 

Oon-dole' (k5n-dol'), v. i. [Conoolbd (-doldO ; 
Condoling.] To grieve ; to express sorrow. •— 
Gon-dol'er, n. — 0<m-dole'nieiit (-dSKment), 
Oon-do'lenoe (-dSOens), n. Expression of grief 
or sympathy. 

Oon-dJone^ (kon-d5n0v V. <. [CoNOONKD(-d5ndO; 
Condoning.] To pardon; to forgive. — Oon'do- 
na'tlon (kSn'di-nS'shiin), n. For^veness. 

Oon'dor (k5nM5r^ n. A South American vulture. 

Gon-dnoe' (kSn-diu/), v. i, [Condvobd (-dusf ) ; 
Conducing.] To toud: to contribute; to pro- 
mote. — Gon-du'ol-Uo (-du'sT-b'l), Oon-du'dYO 
(k5n-du'sTv), a. Tending to promote. 

Ooa'dnot (kSn'dukt), n. Behavior ; deportment ; 
guidance ; guard ; escort. — OonrdllCf ( kSn- 
dQkt')t V. t. To lead ; to guide ; to direct ; to 
control; to manage; to carry. —v. i. To be- 
have. — Oen-dnot'or (-dtLk'ter), n. — Oon-dnot'- 
ress (-trSs), n. /em. 

Oon'dlllt (kon'dTt or kfinMIt), n. A water pipe ; 
a canal ; a duct. 

GOBO (kSn), n. A solid body, tapering to a point 
from a circular base ; the fruit of 
several evergreen trees, the pine, 
fir, cedar, etc. 

Gon'feot (k5n'fgkt), Oon-foo^OB 
(kSn-fSk'shfin), n. A preparation 
of fruit, eto., with sugar ; a comfit ; 
a sweetmeat. — Oon-fec'tioiL-or 
(•Sr), n. One who makes or sells 
confections, candies, eto. — Gon- 
fec^on-er-y i-^r-f or -er-j^), n. Sweetmeats; 
candies; a place where sweetmeats, eto., are 

Oon-fed'er-ate (kSn-fSd'Sr-ftt), a. United in a 
league ; engaged in a confederacy, —n. A per- 
son or nation engaged in a confederacy; an 
ally ; an accomplice. — Ooa-fod'er-ate (-at), v. 
t. &i. To unite in a league ; to band together. 
— Oon-f ed'er-a-oy (-Sr-&-i^), n. A league; a 
coalition ; a conspiracy. — OoiL - fed ' er - a ' tiOB 
(-fSd^Sr-a'shfin), n. A confederating ; a league. 

Oon-fer' (kSn-fSr'), V. t. [Contxhbbd (-fSrdO; 
CoNFKBBiNG.1 To bestow ; to grant; to award. 
—v. i. To discourse seriously ; to consult ; to 
advise. — Gon'fer-enoe (k5n'fSr-«ns), n. Seri- 
ous conversation ; an interview. 

llOon-fer'va (k5n-f8r'vi), n. ; pi. Confbrvjb (-ve). 
A fresh-water plant. 

Gon- less' (k5n-f^), V. i. & i. [Contkssbd (-f Sst') ; 
Confessing.] To acknowledge or avow (a fault, 
crime, debt, ete.) ; to assert ; to attest ; to make 
confession. — Oon-fess'or, Oon-fes'sor (-fSs^- 
s8r), n. — Oon-fesa'ed-ly (-fSs^d-lj^), adt>. By 
confession; without denial. — Oon-fea'SiOII 


fSnit Moeat, llrb» nide, f^^ Urn* f tfbd, f <A»t, out, till, olieir, so, eiiic iQk, tliiii, tldib 




f-fSah'ttn), n. Acknowledgment; act of con- 
fessing (one*8 sins to a priest) ; a f ormulMy stat- 
ing the articles of one's belief. — Oen-f es'sion- 
§1 (kSn-fSsh'fin-ol), n. Place where confession 
of sins is made. — a. Pertaining to a creed or 
confession of faith. 

Oon^U-dant' (kSn/fl-dSnf ), n. m., Oon^fl-dante', 
n. /. A friend to whom secrets are intrusted. 

Oon-nde' (kSn-fidOi v. i. To put faith ; to be- 
lieve, —v.i. To intrust ; to give in charge. — 
Oonfl-donce (k5n'fT-d«ns), n. Act of confiding ; 
trust ; boldness ; self-reliance ; courage. — Oon'- 
fl-dent (-dent), a. Having confidence ; secure. 

— Oon'fi-dent-ly, adv.— Oon^fl-denttal (-dSn'- 
shal), a. Trusted ; trusty ; private ; secret. — 
Con^n-den'tlal-ly, adv. In confidence. 

Oon'Une (kSn'fin), n. Common boundary ; bor- 
der ; limit. — Gon-Hne' (k5n-fin'), v. t. [GoN- 
rarsD (-£mid') ; CoNninMO.] To restrain within 
limits ; to bound ; to restrict. — Gon-fibia'llltllti 
n. Restraint; imprisonment. 

Oon-flna' (kSn-fermOf v, t, [GomrntHBD (-fSrmd') ; 
CoNTiBMiNO.] To make firm; to verify; to 
corroborate ; to assure ; to admit to church 
privileges by administering the rite of confir- 
mation. — OoB-flna'ar, n. — Oon^fir-ma'tlon 
(kSn'fSr-mS'shi&n), n. A confirming, or estab^ 
lishing ; proof ; the rite of admitting a baptized 
person to full church privileges. — Oon-flna'a- 

tlve (-fSrm'&-tYv), GoiL-llnn'a-to-ry (-t*-ry), a. 

Serving to confirm ; corroborative. 
Oon'llSMBatO (kSn'fts-kat or kSn-fTs'kat), v. t. To 

forfeit to the public treasury. -^ Oon'ns-oatiOll 

( • ka ' shiin ), n. Forfeiture. — Oon'ils-oa^tcr 

(-ka'tSr), n. 
Gon^fla-gra'tion (k5n'fl&-gi«'shttn), n. A fire on 

a great scale. 
Oon'fllGt (kSn'flTkt), n. A contest; struggle; 

strife ; pang. — 0<m-fllot' (kSn-flTkt^), v. i. To 

strike or dash together ; to engage in strife. 
Oon'fln-ent (kSn'fld-ent), a. Mowing together. 

— n. A stream flowmg into a larger one. — 
Gon'fln-enGe (-ens), n. A flowing together; con- 
course; crowd; multitude. 

Oon-form' (k5n-f6rm'), v. t. To make like ; to 
bring into harmony or agreement with. ^ v. i. 
To comply ; to yield. — Gon-f orm'er, n. — Ocn- 
form'a-Dle (-&-b'l), a. Corresponding in form, 
shape, etc. ; similar ; like. — OoiL-f orm'a-llly, 
adv. — Gon'for-ma'tlon (kSn'fSr-ma'shfiu ), n. 
A conforming or producing conformity ; agree- 
ment ; structure of a body ; form ; make ; ar- 
rangement. — Gon-form'ist (-f drmTst), n. One 
who complies with the worship of the Church 
of England. — Oon-form'l-ty (-i-ty), ». Resem- 
blance; congruity. 

Gon-fonnd' (k5n-found'), v. t To mix ; to min- 
gle ; to perplex; to disorder; to abash. — OOB- 

. ZOTUld'dd, a. Confused ; enormous ; abominable. 

llOon'trtoe' (kON^frftr'), n. A fellow member of 
a fraternity ; an intimate associate. 

Con-front' (kon-f rOnf), v. t. To face ; to set face 
to face ; to opjj^se ; to compare. 

Oon-taae' (k9n-fnz'), v. t. To confound ; to per- 

plex. — Oon-fns'ed-ly ( - 6d - ij^ ), adv. — Oaa- 
hl'sion (-f u'zhiin), ». Disorder ; tumult. 

Oon-lute' (kSn-fuf), v. /. To put to silence ; to 
disprove ; to refute. — Oon-fnf or, n. — Oo&'fn- 
tatlen (k5n/f ti-ta'shttn), n. Disproof. 

Oon-geal' (k5n-jeK), v. t. & i. To freeze; to 
thicken ; to stiffen. — Oon-goal'a-tole, a. Ca> 

?able of being congealed. — Gon-gMl'mont 
■ment), Oon'gO-la'UOn (kSn'j^-lS'shiin), n. A 

congealing ; mass congealed ; concretion. 
Oon'ge-ner (kSn'j^-ner), n. A thing of the same 

genus, nature, or origin. — Oon-gon'ial (k5a> 

jen'vfld), a. Of the same nature or disposition ; 

kindred ; agreeable ; symi>athetic. — Oon-go'- 

nl-al'1-ty (-je'nl-MT-ty or -jen-ySll-ty), n. 
Con-g«n'l-tal (kSn-jSna-tai), Oon-gonlte (-It), 

a. Of the same birth ; dating from birth. 
Gon'ger (kSn'gSr), n., Oongor eel (el). A large 

species of eel. 
Oon-gest' (kSn- 

j8st^, V. t. To 

collect into a 

mass; to heap up. 

— Oon-goB'tlon 

(-jSs'chi&n), n. 

XJnnatural accu- 
mulation of blood 

in any part of' 

the body. — C(m- 

S)St'lve (-j8s'- 
v), a. Marked by abnormal accumulation of 

Gon-glom'er-ate (k5n-gl5m'3r-at), V. t. To gathd^ 
into a ball or round body. — ^ (-at), a. Oathered 
into a mass; collected; clustered.— n. A col- 
lection ; an accumulation ; a rock composed of 
pebbles cemented together. — Oon-glom'or-a'- 
tion (-Sr^a'shlin), n. A gathering into a mass ; 
a collection ; an accumulation. 

Oon'gon (kSn'goo), Oon'go (-gi), n. A species 
of black tea. 

Oon-grat'n-late (kSn-grSt'ti-Iat), v. t. To wish 
joy to ; to felicitate. — Gon-grat'n-la'tlon (-la'- 
shun), n. 

Conger EeL 

The act of congratulating ; a compli- 
ment.— Oon-grat'n-la'tor (-la'tSr), n. — Oon- 
grafU-la-tO-ry (-u-U-t6-ij^), a. Expressing 
satisfaction or joy. 
Gon'gre-gate (k5n'gr*-gSt), v. t. & i. To collect 
into an assembly or assemblage ; to gather. — 
Oon'gre-ga'tion (-ga'sh&n), n. Act of congre« 
gating ; assembling ; assemblage ; assembly of 
persons, esp. a religious assembly. — Oon'gro- 
^a'tion-al (-al), a. Pertaining to a congrega- 
tion or to Congregationalism. — Oon'gro-ga'- 
tion-al-ism (-al-Tz'm), n. A system of church 

government wherein each local church is an 
idependent body ; Independency. — Gon'gro- 
ga'tion-al-l8t (-Tst), n. One who belongs to 
a Congpregational society. 
Gon'gress (k5n'gr6s), n. A meeting ; a formal 
assembly (of lleputies, representatives, envoys, 
etc.) ; legislative assembly of senators and rep- 
resentatives of the people of a nation, esp. of a 
republic. — Gon-gros'slon-al (kSn-grfishltn-al 

S, 8, 1, 5, II, long; ft, «, 1, 5, tt, ti <>b<»^ • Msftte, <v«nt, tdea, 6bey, <baite, cAre, ttrm, Adc, §11, fliMd, 




0r kSn-), a. Pertaining to a congress. — Oon,'- 
nFfflMhinim (-man), n. A member of the United 
States Congress, eiq». of the House of Bepresen- 

Oon'gni-Allt (lE5n'gn^-«nt), a. Agreeing ; corre- 
M>onding: consistent. — Ooil'sni-01100 (-ens), 
Qmrgnfi'ty (k5n-grii1-ty or k5n-), n. Fit- 
ness ; harmony ; consistency. ^ Oon' gni- OUB 
(kSn'grv-lis), a. Having congroity ; fit. 

Oon'lO (kSnTk), Oon'lCHd (-T-kal), a. Pertain- 
ing to or like a cone. — Oo&IO-U-ly, adv. In 
the form of a cone. — Oon'lO-al-iiMSy n. — 
OomflosC-Tks), n. sing. Science of the mathemat- 
ical properties of a cone ; pi, curves formed by 
the intersection of a plane and a cone. — Oo- 
Bifer-ons (ki-nlfSr-Ss), a. Bearing cones, as 
the pine, fir, ^press, etc. 

Ckm-JM/tQIO (kon-jSk'tfir), n. Opinion based oil 
imperfect knowledge ; presumption ; guess. — 
V, t, &i. To surmise ; to infer ; to sui^Mct. — 
Oon-Jao'tlir-al, a. Depending on conjecture. 

Ooa-jom' (kSn-join'), v. t, & i, [Gonjoinsd 
(-jcnndO ; Conjoikino.] To connect ; to unite ; 
to join ; to associate. — Cktt-loint' (-joint'), a. 
United ; associated. — Oon-Jomtly, adv. 

Ctan^U-gal (k9n'jd-gal), a. Relating to mar- 
riage ; nuptiaL — OoiL'jll-gal-ly. adv. 

Ctan^-Eata (kSn'jti-gat), v. t. To inflect, as verbs. 

— (-git), n. One of two or more words of the 
same stock, —a. United in pairs ; an&easig in 
derivation with other words. — Oon'fll-ga'QOn 
(-gi'ahttn), n. Inflection (of verbs). 

Ooa.junot' (kSn-jfinktO* a. United ; conjoined ; 
concurrent. — 0(m-]ll]lOtl7(k5n-jtlnkta5r), adv. 

— Oon-Jimo^on (-jQnk'shun), n. Union ; con- 
nection ; a connective or connecting word. — 
Oon-JimotLYO (-tTv),a. Closely united ; serv- 
ing to unite; contingent. — Oon-Jimo'tiVd-lyf 
adv. In union. — Oon-Jimo'turo (-jSftk'tdr), n. 
Union ; combination ; critical time ; crisis. 

Ckm-jnro' (kSn-jur'), v. t. [CoNJUBBo (-jurdO ; 
GoNJUBiNG.] To call on or summon solemnly ; 
to adjure. •OonJiir'«r (-jur^r), ». — Oon'fn- 
ratlaL (-jfi-ra'shua), n. Earnest entreaty. 

Oon^im (kfin'jiir), v. t. To charm ; to enchant ; 
to bewitch, —v. i. To practice magical acts. — 
Oon'Jiir-er, n. One who practices magic or 
legeraemain ; an enchanter. — Ooil']ll-ra'tio& 
(kSn'jfi-ra'shiin), n. Incantation ; magic spell. 

Ckn'&ata (kQn^ttt or kOn-nat'), a. Bom with 
another ; united in origin. — 
Oon-iiara-nl (-nXt'C-ral), 
a. Connected by nature ; in- 
born ; inherent ; natural. 

Ckm-nOGf (kOn-nfikf ), v.t.&i. 
To knit togfether ; to unite ; to 
join. ~OOB-lieot'cr (-tSr), n. 

— Oon-neot'ed-ly (-nSkfSd- 
Ij^), adv. By connection; 
unitedly. — Oai-noo^on, Oon-nex'lon (-n6k'- 
■hfin), n. Act of joining ; thing united ; rela- 
tionsmp ; relation by blood or marriage. — Oon- 
BMrt'lTB (-nSk^Tv), a. Serving to connect. — 
M. Anything that connects ; a word connecting 

Comiate Lesf . 

other words or sentences ; a conjunction. — CklBr 
ntoTlTfr-ly, adv. 

Ckm-nlve' (kSn-niv'), v. i. [Coinnvxo (-nivd^) ; 
CoNBTiviifG.] To close the eyes upon ; to wink 
at; to purposely fail to see. — Oai-nlv'ailO0 
(-ans), n. Voluntary oversight ; collusion. 

Oon'nolil-smir' (kSn^nls-sdr' or -«Hr'), n. A crit- 
ical judge of any art, particularly of painting, 
music, and sculpture. 

Oon-lLa'u-al (k5n-nu'bT-al), a. Pertaining to 
marriage; conjugal; nuptial. 

Gi/nold (kS'noid), n. A figure resembling a cone, 
—a. Kearh^ conical. 

Oon'giior (kon'kSr), v. t. & i. [Conqubbbd 
(-k&d); CoNQDBBiNO.] To overcome; to sub- 
due ; to master. — Oon'qiier-a-hle (-i-b'l), a. 
Capable of being conquered. — Oo&'QUOr-or 
(-Sr), n.— Oo&'anMt (-kwSst), n. A conquering ; 
thing conquered ; victory ; subjection ; mastery. 

Oon^Ban-gllin'e-OllS (kSn^sSn-gwTn^-fis), a. Of 
the same blood ; related by birth. — Oon'san- 
gnlnl-ty (-I-tj^), n. Relation by blood or birth. 

O<m'8Gl0lloa (kSn'shens), n. Self-knowledge; 
sense of right and wrong ; truth. — Oon'SOl-tn'- 
tlOllS (-shl-Sn'shtLs), a. Governed by the dic- 
tates of conscience ; just ; upright. — Oon^SOl- 
«ntl011S-l7, adv. 

Oo&'soloiia (kSn'shtts), a. Able to know one*s 
own thoughts ; aware ; sensible. — Ckm'iolons- 
ly, adv. — Gon'SGlons-ness, n. 

Oon'BOXlpt (kSn'skrlpt), a. Enrolled; written; 
registered, ^n. An enrolled soldier. — Gon- 
SOrlp'tloil ( -skrlp'shiin ), n. An enrolling; a 
registering ; a draft. 

Gon'se-oratO (kSn'si-krat), v. t. To dedicate ; to 
declare sacred; to dignify. —^(-krit), a. Con- 
secrated ; devoted ; sacred. — Oon^BO-ora'tlOB 
(-kra'shtbi), n. Act or ceremony of consecra- 
ting; dedication. — Oon'sa-cra^tor (-kra'tSr), n. 

Gon-MC'n-tiYe (kSn-sSk'fi-tTv), a. Following in 
order; successive. — Goil-MC^-tiVO-l7f o^fv. 

Gon-MlLt' (kSn-sSntOy v. i. To agree in opinion ; 
to assent ; to comply ; to concur, —n. Agree- 
ment ; accord ; harmony. — Oon-BOlVer, n. 

Gon'se-gnenoe (kSn's^-kwSns), n. That which 
follows : effect ; result ; importance. — Oon'M- 
Qnemt (-kwSnt), a. Following as a result or 
inference. — n. That which follows ; effect ; 
conclusion or inference. — OoiL' BO - Client - ly, 
adv. By consequence ; therefore. — Gon ' se - 
QVanttal (-kwSn'shal), a. Following as a con- 
sequence or result ; assuming an air of conse- 
quence ; pompous. — Oon/M-iiiientlal-ly, adv. 

Gnn-senre' (k8n-88rv')« v. t. [Goksbrvkd (-wirvdO ; 
CoNSBRviNO.] To save ; to protect ; to preserve 
(fruit, etc.) with sugar. — n. Thing conserved ; 
sweetmeat. — Oon-BorT'er, n. — Oon^ser-va'tloii 
( -sSr-va'shQn ), n. Preservation from injury. 

— Con-seXT'a-tlve (-sSr'vi-tIv), a. Preserva- 
tive ; disposed or calculated to maintain things 
as they are.— n. One opposed to changes. — 
Oon-serv'a-tlam (-tTz*m), n. Opposition to 
change ; desire to preserve what is established. 

— Oun'ser-ya'tor (kSn'sSr-va'tSr), n. One that 

fim, vaofliit, 6rb, r^de, f^^ Am, ftfbd, fdbt* out, iiU, cliair, so, sins, i||k| then, tUB. 




p ro a o r voa . — OOB-MTV^a-tO-xy (kSn-aSr^Ti-tt- 
r^), a. Preaervatory. -» n. ThaX which pre- 
serves ; a ffreenhouae for plants ; an art schooL 

Ckm-Sld'or (kSn-ald'Sr), v.L & i, [Gonbxdbbbd 
(-erd) ; Considksiho.] To study ; to ponder ; 
to weigh ; to examine. — OoiHud'er-ert n. — 
Oon-sld'er^a-tole (-&-b'l), a. Worthy of regard ; 
noteworthy ; important ; moderately large. — 
Oon-sld'er-a-lily, adv. — Ckm-sid'er-ato (-Sr- 
tt), a. Given to reflection ; mindful of othera ; 
careful ; discreet. — Oon-sld'er-ate-ly, adv. — 
Oon - Bid ' «r - ata - nass, n. — Gon-sid'ar-atloii 
(-er-a'ahfin), n. Act of considering; aerioua 
thought; motive; reaaon; equivalent. 

Ckm-Sign' (k5n-ain^, v. t, [Consionbd (-dnd') ; 
. CoMsioNiNO.] To give formally ; to aaairai ; to 
commit ; to intruat— CkUL'sign-ee' (kOn'ai-nS'), 
^ n. One to whom gooda are conaigned for aale, 
etc. ; a factor. — Oon-Slgn'er (kSn-ain'Sr), OoiL- 
■ign'or (k5n-ain'Sr or kSn'al-ndr'), n. — Oon- 
■ign'ma&t, n. A conaigning ; goooa conaigned. 

Oon-sist' (k5n-aTaf ), v,i. To be made up (of) ; 
to be ; to exiat ; to aubaiat ; to be conaiatent or 
harmonioua. ~ Oon-slst'Mit (-alatent), a. Ac- 
cordant ; harmonioua ; compatible ; uniform. — 
Con-siat'enMy, adv. — Oon-8lst'«iice, Oon- 
8l8t'en-G7(-tSn-i^),n. Fixed state; agreement; 
congruitv; density. 

Ckm-sole' (kSn-a510) V, L To cheer in distreaa; 
to comfort ; to aoothe ; to support. — Oon-Ml'er, 
n. — Oon-Ml'a-lllO ( -a51'&-b*l ), a. Admittmg 
conaolation. — Oo&^SO-latlon (kSn^a^-lS'ahOn), 
n. Comfort; aolace; alleviation. — Gon-sol'a- 
to-ry (-a81'&-td-r^)i a» Affording conaolation; 

. comforting. 

Oon-son-dato (kOn-aSI^-dSt), v. t, & i. To make 
or become aolid or firm ; to unite ; to condense, 
—a. Formed into a aolid maaa. — 00B-80l'l- 
Aa'tlon (-T-da'Hshfin), n. A conaolidating ; com- 
bination of aeveral actiona into one. 

OCIoB'Bom'ni J' ( kdN ' aift ' mft ' ), n. A clear, rich 
aoup; bouillon. 

Oon'SO-nant (kSn'ad-nant), a. Agreeable; c<m- 
aiatent ; accordant. — n. A aound leaa open than 
a vowel ; letter repreaenting auch a aound. — 
Oon'so-nant-ly, adv. — Oon'so-nanoe ( -nana), 

Accord; unison. 

Oon'SOrt (kSn'sdrt), n. A companion or partner ; 
wife or husband; spouse. — Oon-80rt' (kSn- 
a6rt0f V. t. To aaaociate — v, t. To join. 

Oon-apiG^-OllS (k5n-apTk'tk-iis), a. Obvioua to the 
eye ; manifest ; prominent ; celebrated. — Oon- 
aplo'n-ons-ly, adv. — Ckm-aplo'n-ons-ness, n. 

Oon-aplre' ( k5n - spir '),«.«.& t. [Gonspibbd 
(-apird') ; CoNSpmmo. j To plot ; to concert ; 
to contrive.— Oon-splr'or (-apir'Sr), Oon- 
■plr'a-tor (-BpTr'&-tSr), n. A plotter. — Oo&- 
■plr'a-oy (-&-b]^)v n. A plot ; a cabaL 
^ Oon'Sta-ble (kfin'sti^bn), n. An officer of the 
peace. — OGn-staVn-la-ry (kan-atSl/fi-lt-ry), a. 
Pertaining to conatablea. — n. Conatablea, col- 

Ckm'staxit (kQn'atant), a. Firm; unchanging; 
fixed ; ateadfaat ; continuaL — n. A thing not 

sal^eot to chaoM. — Ckm'itant-ty, adv. ~~ OOBf- 
gtan-oy (-stan-q^), n. Stability ; resolution. 

Oon'stol-latlo& (kWatSl-lS'ahfin), n. A duater 
of fixed atars. 

Oon'Ster-na'tlon (kSn'atSr-n&'ahfin), n. Terror ( 

Oon'Stl-patO (k5n'atT-pat), v. t. To stop (a pas- 
si^) by filling it, and preventing motion through 
it; to render costive.— Oon'ltl-patlon (-pa'- 
shiin), n. Coativeneaa. 

OOL-stlt'n-ant (k5n-atlfft-ent), a. Composing; 
component ; eaaential. — n. One who, or that 
which, eatabliahea, determinea, or conatmcta; 
an element ; an elector. — Ollll-Stlt'1l-«&-oy 
(-en-i^), n. A body of conatituenta. 

0«n'8tl-tuta (k5n'stT-tut), V. U To eatabliah ; to 
make ; to appoint. — Oon'Stl-tU'ter (-tu'tSr), n. 
— Ooll'sti-tation (-tu'ahGn), n. Act of consti- 
tuting ; state of being ; natural condition ; frame 
of body, mind, or government. — OoiL'ltl-tU'- 
tion-al (-al), a. Belonging to, inherent in, in 
accordance with, or authoi^ed by, the conatitu- 
tion.— ^n. Exerciae for health. — Ckm'Stl-tll'- 
tlon-al'1-ty (4at-tj^), n. Conaiatency with the 
conatitutiou. — Oon'stl-tution-al-ly (-al-^), 
adv. In accordance with the conatitution. 

Oon-Straln' (k5n-atran'), v, t. To secure, hold 
back, or impel by irresistible force ; to compel ; 
to preaa. — Ckm -Strain 'er, n. — Oon-atraint^ 
(-atrimf), n. Compulaion ; violence; urgency. 

OoiL-Btrior (kSn-strTktO, V. t. To bind ; to con- 
tract; to cause to shrink. — Gon-Strlo'tlQll 
(-atrlk'ahlin), n. Act of constricting ; atate of 
bemg conatricted. — Oon-ltrlct'lve (-atrTkaTv), 
Serving to bind. — Oon-ltriot'or (•«trrk'- 


tSr), n. That which drawa together or oon- 
tracta ; a aerpent which aecurea prey by cruali- 
ing it within its folds. 

Oon-atniot' (kfin-striiktOt v. L To put together ; 
to build ; to form ; to arrange ; to devise. — Ooir 
■tmot'or, n. — Gon-struc'tioiL (-atrlik'ahttn^, n. 
A conatructing ; thing constructed; fabrication ; 
interpretation; aenae. 

Oon'atrne (kSn'stru; Archaic kSn'atSr), v. t. 
[CoNSTBUBD (-strud) ; CoNSTBUUia.] To trans- 
late; to interpret; to explain. 

Oon'snl (kSn'atU), n. A chief magiatrate in an- 
cient Rome ; a commercial agent of a govern- 
ment, in a foreign country. — Oon'SU-lar (-aft- 
ISr), Oon'sn-la-ry {-^^-^)i «• PertainUig to a 
consul. — Gon'ra-latO C-lat), n. Office, juris- 
diction, or residence, of a consul. — - Oon'Slll- 
■hlp, n. Consulate ; term of office of a consuL 

Oon-snlt' (kSn-atllf ), V, i. To aeek opinion or 
advice ; to take counael ; to deliberate. — v. <. 
To aak advice of ; to aeek the opinion of ; to act 
in favor of ; to deliberate upon. — Oon-Blllfer, 
n. — OoB'sal-tatlon (-afil-tS'ahfin), n. Act of 
conaulting or deliberathig ; a meeting of per- 
aona, to consult together. ^ 

Oonrsnmo' (kSn-sum'), v. t. [Cohbuiobd (-sumdQ ; 
CoNsuMiNO.] To destroy ; to waste, ^v. i. To 
waste away alowly. — Oon-mn'or, n* 

Con'inin-mata (kSn'attm-mSt or kOn-sBm^-), v. <- 

fi»e,I»0,a,longi &,#,!, it, tt,j^,ihart;iiatte,<vent, idea, 6bey,ttnitc,cii«, Mm, 4ilr,gll,HiMi% 




Id lirfng to completion ; to perfect; toftcfaiere. 
— Ooii-liUll'ilUltO (-sttm'mftt)f a. Acoom- 
pliflhed ; complete ; perfect. — 0on-8lim'mat»- 
ly, adv. — Oon'Biim-matloiL (kSu ' sOm - mS ' • 
ufin), n. Completion ; close ; perfectitm. 

Oom-flnniptloil (kSn-a&mp'ahfin), n. Act of con- 
suming ; state of being consumed, wasted, or 
diminished ; a disease in the Iimgs, with fever, 
cough.* etc.— Oon-snmp^ve (-tTv), a. De- 
structive ; wasting ; affected with consumption, 
^n. One iU with consumption. 

Oontaot (kSn'tSkt), n. Touch ; close union. 

OoOrta'Slon (kSu-tS'jfin), n. Communication of 
disease by contact; pestilential influence. — 
Ckm-ta'gl01l8 (-jfifl)* a* Communicable by 
contact ; catching ; generating contagion ; com- 
municable from one to another. 

Ckm-taM' (k5n-tan'), v. /. [Coxitairkd (-timdO ; 
CoxTTJLiXiiNo.] To hold; to comprise; to em- 
brace. — Oon-taln'a-UA (-&-b'l), a. Capable of 
being contained. — Ckm-taln'er, ». 

Oon-tam'1-iUlto (k9n-tSm^-nat), v. L To soil ; to 
stain ; to corrupt ; to pollute ; to defile. — Oon- 
tam'l-liata (-nat), a. Having defilement; cor- 
rupt; tainted.— Oon-tam'l-na-lilB (-T-n&-b'l), 
a. — Ckm-tam'1-na'ttoiL (-nS'shttn), n. Act of 
polluting; defilement; taint. 

Ooi-teiim^ (kSn-tSmO, v, U [CozmDaisD.(-t6mdO ; 
CoNTBHimio (-tSm'nTng or -tSmlng).] To des- 
pise; to scorn. — Oon-teai'&er (-tem'nSror 
-tSm'Sr), n. 

Oon^tamrplatO (kSn'tSm-plat or kSn-tSm'plSt), 
v.U&i* To study ; to ponder ; to consider ; 
to plan. — Ckmteiii-pla'tor (-tSr), n. — Oon'tem- 
pla^on (•pla'shfin), n. Act of contemplating ; 
meditation. — Oon-tem'pla-tive (-t8m'pl&-tlv), 
a. Pertainii^ to, or addicted to, contempla- 
tion; studious; thoughtful. 

Oon-tflm^po-rft'lLe-OlUl (kSn-tSm'pft-rS'ni-tts). a. 
Living or transpiring at the same time. — OoB- 
tem^mi-ra-ry (-r6-rj^), a. Contemporaneous. -» 
n. One living at the same time with another. 

OoOrtempt' (kon-tSmf), n. Act of contenming 
or despislnff ; state of being despised ; disdain ; 
floom; ne^ect; slight. — Oon-tampt'l-blo (-t- 
b1),a. Worthy of contempt; despicable; abject; 
mean ; sorry ; pitiful. — Oon-tempt'l-Ud-liess, 
n. — Oon-tompt'l-bly, adv, — Oon-temptu-ons 
(-tti-tts), a. Manifesting contempt; insolent; 
haughty; disdainful; supercilious; insulting. 

Oan-tend' (kSn-tSndOt v. i. To strive ; to strug- 
gle ; to oppose ; to dispute ; to debate. — Oon- 
tand'or, n. — Oon-ten'tlon (kSn-tSn'shfin), n. 
Contest ; strife ; feud ; variance ; discord. — 
Oon-tOL'tlolLI (-ehlSs), a. Apt to contend ; in- 
volving contention ; quarreleK>me ; perverse. 

Oon-teilt' (kSn-tSntOf a. Satisfied ; quiet ; at rest, 
^n. Satisfaction. — v. i. To satisfy ; to ap- 
pease ; to gratify. — Oon-tent'ed* a. Content ; 
easy in mind. — Oon-tenfmont, n. Content. 

Oon'teilt (kSn'tSnt or kSn-tSntO, n. That which 
is contamed ; — usually in pi. ; capacity. 

Oon-taiii^tloii (k5n-t8n'shiin), Oon-ten'ttou 
(•ahtts), etc. See under Conthbtd. 

Oon-tait' (kOn-tfisf), V. t. & i. To dispute ; to 
debate; to strive. — Oon'tMrt (kSu't&t), fi. 
Earnest dispute ; strife ; struggle ; controversy. 
— Oon-teBt'a-UA (-tSst^A-bn) , a. Capable of be- 
ing contested; disputable. — Ooh- test/ ant 
(-ant), n. An opponent ; disputant ; litigant. — 
Oon'tM-tatlon (kSn/tSs-tS'shfin), n. Strife. 

Oontezt (kSn'tSkst), n. The parts of a discourse 
which precede or follow a sentence quoted. 

OODrtOZ'tlire (k5n-tSks^tfir), n. Composition of 
parte; system; structure; texture. 

OOB-tig'll-OlUI (kSn-tTg'd-Qs), a. In actual or 
close contact; toucmng; near. — Oon-tig'a- 
ons-lji adv. In a mumer to touch. —Oon- 
tig'n-oiiB-nesB, Oon'ti-eiil-ty (kSn^tl-gut-tj^), 
n. Stete of contact ; dose uni(m. 

Ckmtl-nflillt (k9n'tT-n«nt), a. Exercising restraint 
as to indulgence of oesires or passions ; tem- 
perate ; chaste. — n. One of the larger bodies 
of land on the globe.— Oon'tl-lLantal (-nSn'tal), 
a. Pertaining to a continent. — Gon'tl-Xienoo 
(-n«ns), Oon%-]l«n-07 (-nSn-8J^), n. Self-re- 
straint; chastity. — Omi^-nAllt-ly, adv. In a 
continent manner ; chastely; temperately. 

Oon-ttal'gailt (k5n-tTn'jent), a. Accidental ; poft> 
sible; casual. — n. Chance; quote; proper^ 
tion. — Oon-tin'aailt-ly, adv. Without design ; 
accidentally. — Oon-tin'gence (-jens), Oan-llii'- 
gan-oy (-j«n-^)? ^ Casual event ; chance ; poft> 
sibility; accident. 

Oon-tin'ne (kSn-tTn'd), tr. i. [C oMTmuju> (-ftd); 
CoNTiNUiNO.] To remain ; to be permanent ; to 
stey ; to preserve. — v. t. To prolong ; to pro- 
tract ; to persist in. — Oon-tin'ii-or, n. — Oon- 
ttn'n-al (-al), a. Uninterrupted; incessant; 
constant. *- Oon-tin'ii-al-ly, "adv. — Ooa-tinli- 
ail06(-ans), n. Permanence; perseverance; 
continuation. — OOll-tin'll-atlon, n. Continued 
succession ; prolongation. — Oon 'tt-nu'l-ty 
(kSn'tT-nu'T-t^), n. Stete of being continuous; 
cohesion. — Oon-tin^-OllS (-tTn'6-Qs), a. With- 
out interruption. — Oon-tiii^-OllS-ly, adv, 

Oon-tcort' (k5n-t8rf). V. t. To twist ; to writhe. — 
OOlL-tor'tion (-tdrsfattn), n. A twisting ; wiy 
motion. — Oon-tor^VO ^tlv), a. Writhing. 

Oon-tonx' (kSn-toor'), n. Bounding line ; outline. 

Oon^a- (k8n'tr&-). A Latin adverb and prepo- 
sition, used as a prefix to signify against^ con~ 
trarpf in opposUioni ete. 

Oon'tn-lMUUl (k5n'tr&-bSnd), a. Prohibited by 
law or trea^ ; forbidden. — n. Illegal trade. 

Oon-traot' (kon-tiKktO) v* ^- ^o draw together or 
nearer ; to reduce to a less compass ; to be lia- 
ble to ; to make a bargain for. — v. i. To shrink ; 
to bargain. — ^ (k5n'tifflst), n. A bargain ; agree- 
ment ; compact ; obligation. — Ogil - tract ' or 
(-trSk^Sr), n. One who contracts, esp. one who 
bargains to do certain work at a specified price 
or rate. — Oon-txaot'od (-triEkt'Sd), a, Drawik 
together ;. narrow ; selfish : illiberal ; mean. •— 
Oon-trac^on ( -trSk'shOn ), n. A drawing to- 
gether ; a shrinking ; a shortening. 

Oon'tra-dlor (kSn'tri-dYkf), v.t.&i. To assert 
the contrary of ; to gainsay ; to deny ; to oppose. 

fim, MO0Bt, 6rbi r||d«, fyll, Am, ftfbd, f tf^ oiit« fill, oliair, go, aiiiK* iQk, then, Uiin. 




tn-dlO^OB (-dTk'ahGn), n. A gunsajring ; de- 
nial; opposition; contrariety. — Oon'tra-dlOt^- 
O-ry (kSn/tr4-dTk'ti-r^), a. Afflrming the 
contrary ; repugnant. 

Oon-tTalto (kSn-triU'td or -trU^), n. & a. Alto 
or counter tenor. 

Oon^a-ry (kSn'tri^r^ or -trt-r^), a. Opposite ; 
opposing ; contradictory ; perverse. — n. A 

Srson or thing of opposite qualities. — Oon'- 
l-zl-ly (-rT-ljn, adv. In a contrary manner ; 
in opposition ; in opposite ways. — Ooatn-zl- 
ness, Oon'tra-rl'e-ty (kSn'trA-rit-ty), n. Op- 
position; inconsistency; discrepancy; repug- 
nance. — Oon^a-rl-wiM' (-rT-wiz'), adv. On 
the contrary ; on the other hand. 

Ckn-trast' (kon-tr&sf), v. t, & i. To stand in op- 
position. — Oon'trast (k2^'trftst), n. Opposi- 
tion of things or qualities ; comparison by con- 
trariety of qualities. 

Ckm^tra-vene' (k5n/tr&-v§n'), v. t. To contradict ; 
to cross ; to obstruct ; to oppose. — Oon^tra-Yen'- 
tlon (-ySn'shiin), n. Opposition ; obstruction. 

lOon'tre-tompa' (kdN'tr'-tito'), n. A mishap ; an 

Ckm-trll/llta (kSn-trTb'tit), V. i. To participate in 
giving. — v. i. To give apart; to assist. — Oon- 
trlb^-tor (-tSr), n. — Oon'trl-lia'ttoB (kSnarT- 

bu'shfin), n. Act of contributing ; sum given. 
— Oon-trlVn-tlYo (-trlVfi-tlv), Oon-trlVn-to- 
ry (-ti-rj^)t a. Contributing to the same pur- 
pose ; promoting the same end. 

Oon'trlte' (kSn^riV), a. Broken down with grief ; 
penitent ; humble ; sorrowful. — ContntO'lyt 
adv. — Oon'trlto'neM, 0«ii-trltlon (-trTsh'Hn), 
n. Deep sorrow for sin; remorse; penitence. 

Oon-trlYO' (k5n-triv'), V. t, & i, [Contrivkd 
(-trivd') ; CoNTBiviNO.] To devise ; to plan ; to 
project. — Oon - trlv ' er, n. — Oon - trlv ' aiice 
(-ans), n. Scheme ; device ; jdan ; design ; in- 

Oon-trol' (kSn-trSl'), n. Power to check or gov- 
ern ; restraint ; direction ; superintendence. -» 

V. t. [COMTBOLLBD (-trold') ; CfoNTBOLLINO.l To 

restrain ; to check ; to influence ; to curb. — tkm- 
trolla-Ue (-l^b'i), a. ^ Oon-tronor, n. One 
who controls ; an olBcer whose duty is to keep 
a counter register of accounts, or to oversee or 
verify the accounts of other officers. [More 
commonly written comptroller.'] 

Ooa'tTO-ver^sy (kSntr^-vSr^i^), n. Dispute ; de- 
bate ; diacussion ; strife ; hostility. — Con'tXO- 
YSr'slal (-vSr'shal), a. Relating to controversy ; 
disputatious. — Oon'tro-^ei/BUl-ly, adv. 

Oon'tTO-YOrt (k5n'tr6-vert), v. t. To dispute ; to 
debate ; to contest. — Oon'tre-Yerter (-vSr'tSr), 
Oon'tTO-Yertlst (-vSr'tlst), n. — Oon'tro-Yor'- 
tL-ble (-vSr'tT-b'l), a. Capable of beins contro- 
verted ; disputable. — Gon'tro-Yertl-bly, adv. 

Oon^-ma-Gy (kSn'tfi-mA-sj^), n. Persistent ob- 
stinacy ; stubborn perverseness. — Ckm'tn-ma'- 
Oions (-ma'shtis), a. Exhibiting contumacy; 
perverse; unyielding; headstrong. 

Oolitu-me-ly (kSnttt-m^lj^), n. Insolent con- 

tempt ; reproach ; disdain ; disgrace. — Oon^tB- 
ni0li-O118 C-mS'lT-fis or -mSKytts), a. Contemp- 
tuous; reproachfuL— Gon'ta-me'll-OIUhl^CKfv. 

Oon-tnao' (kSn-toz'), v. t. [Cohtubkd (-tuxdO ; 
CoNTUSiHO.] To beat ; to pound ; to bruise ; to 
injure by beatmg. — Gkm-tn'llan (-tu'shfin), n. 
A beating ; a bruisinff ; state of being bruised. 

Oo-mui'drillL (k6-ntbydrlim), n. A riddle sug- 
gesting resemblance between things quite un- 
like ; a quibble ; a puzzle. 

Oon'Ya-lmioo' (kSn^va-lfis'), v. {. [Convalbsckd 
(-Ifisf); CoKYALBBCiHO.] To recover health and 
strength after sickness. — Ooii'Ya-lMl'canoa 
(-ISs'sens), Gon-Ya-lea'oen-OY (-sen-sj^), n. Re- 
covery of health. — Oon'Ya-loii'oent (-8«nt^f a. 
Recovering health.— n. One recovering from 

Oon-YMio' (k9n-veu0t v. i. & t. [ComrsinBD 
(-vend') ; Conyknino.] To collect ; to assem- 
ble ; to unite. — Gon-Yen'l«nt (-vSn'yent), a, 
Fit ; suitable ; commodious. — Oon-Y«nl«llt-ly, 
adv.— Gon-Yen'leiioe (kSn-vSn'yens), CkUL-Ysa'- 
lon-oy(-y«n-^), n. fatness ; commodiousness. 

Con'Yant (kSn'vSnt), n. A community of reli- 

f^ious recluses; a body of monks or nuns; a 
lOuse occupied by such a community ; an abbey ; 
a monastery ; a nunnery. — Oon-YMltll-al (-vSu'- 
t6-al), a. Pertaining to a convent ; monastic. 

Oon-YeiLtlon (k5n-v6u'shiin), n. Act of coming 
together ; custom ; usage ; an assembly of repre- 
sentatives for deliberative purpose; a tempo- 
rary treaty. — Oon-Yen'tlon-al (-al), a. Agreed 
upon ; stipulated ; depending on custom ; sanc- 
tioned by usage. — Gim-YMi'tLon-al-ly, adv. 

Oon-YerKe' (k5n-vSrj'), v. i. [Comtbboed 
(-vSrjd') ; Conybsoiho.] To tend to one point ; 
to incline and approach nearer together. — OiUl* 

Yer^genoo (-vSr'jcns), Oon-Yer'gen-oy (-jcn-sy ). 
n. Tfflidency to one point. — Oon-YOr'gaill 
(-jent), a. Tending to one point ; converging. 

Oon-Yerse' (kSn-vers'}, V. i. [Conybbsbd (-verstO ; 
CoNVXRSiMG.] To keep tompauy; to talk fa« 
miliarly ; to chat. — Oon'YerM (kSn^r^rs), n. 
Familiarity; conversation. — Oon'YW- lant 
(kSn'vSr-sant), a. Familiar ; well acquainted. 
— Ckm/YOr-ia'tlon (-sS'sh&n), n. Familiar dis> 
course ; behavior ; talk ; conference. — Ooil'« 
YOr-ia'tion-al (-al)* a. Pertaining to conver- 
sation or informal mtercourse ; colloquiaL 

Oon'Yone (kSn'vSrs), a. Converted or reversed 
in order or relation ; turned about ; reciprocal. 
— n. Reversed or inverted proposition. — Oon'- 
Yeno-ly, adv. In a converse manner ; recipro- 
cally. — Oon-YOr'siOllf n. See under Conybbt. 

Oon-Ytrf (k5n-v8rt'), v. t. & i. To change to an- 
other form or state ; to turn ; to alter. — Oon'- 
Yert (k5n'vSrt), n. One who has changed his 
opinions or religion ; a proeelyte. — Ckm-Yerftt 
(-vSrter), n. — Ckm-Yer'slon (-vSr'shlln), n. A 
turning or changing from one state to another ; 
transformation. — Ooil-Y«rtl-U« (•vSr'tT-b'l), 
a. Capable of being converted ; reciprocaL 

Oon'Yex (k5n'v6k8)f a. Rising or swelling into a 
rounded form. — n. A convex body. 

S, «, I. iH II, long ; ft, <S If ^ Of tt "l^ort i "niA^ ^▼•Q^ t<^«h 6bey, ttnit^ c4re. Jinn, Ask, «U, Itaiol, 

OOB-nr <U>n-i>I'), I 

[Convm (-Tid')) 

0»tt'III-lutB(kK-8r'dI-iitt), o. Bqiul in nak or 

propertf ; a v(uud«. 
OoMryiBV (kifei-ylltt'), V. 
nijlty ; 1^ confute ; to dal 
fionTiiit (kflo'iltt), n. ( 

iiuL — Om-Tliinion (-vi 

in; ; abit« of being codv 
Otn-vllio^ |k5n-TliuiO, V. 



OOl'TalTS' (ktln'Tinv'), V. i. TC0NVO1.V1D 

{-ilHid')i CoHTOLTiM.] To roll or wind to- 

gethiir ; to twtst. 
On-TOl'Tiklu (klSii-TBI''A-lB<), n. A kind of 

twiuibu; pUnt ; biDdveed. 
On-TOT' (kfin-ToiOi V. I. [CoHTonD (-mid') ; 

COHVomro-l To Boeompuiy tor protecliop. — 

OOB'TDT (liWvol), n. Act id atUnding for 

proC«uoa; eHooit. 
(toa-TUUft' (kiki-.Oiy), p. i. To drmw or amtaet 

Oook (k<j6k), n. (tee who pnpuns tood (or tba 
(able. — r.f.&C [Cooud Ikatkt) ; Cooiuia.] 
To praparB (food lor eiting). — OnOt'tt-J 
(kiink'i&-f ). n. The ut of preparing food. 

Dtidl'y (kOftk'f ), 1. A iinill, bud, >BeeC eike. 

Oaol (kral), n. Bomewhut cold; cfalUinci Ludit- 

at [CooL«o(koald);Cooi.iBo.] Tomlie'or 

Otwl'er. n. — Goolly, adt. — Oool'iiMi, n. 
OoaTlj (koiVlf), Ooo'Ue, n. An Batt Indiaa or 
Chlneeo porter or transported laborer. 

floop (kuAp), n. A barrel or caak ; i lifted In- 
cloaure for NoaU anlmAlB or poultry. — V, t 
[Cooran (ko5pt); Coopmo.] To confine in a 

To do the work of a Foop 

'k ti^retbe 
,. — „ — Ja^tfti-t.' 

(.^Bbtln), fk A coOpentinff; Joint operation 
— 0»4»P'«r*.tiTB(-J(p'ar-AB:.),n. " 

_.ja/ (-Md' ), n, A po&OL. _ 
pent. — Oop'^Br-pUta' (-pUf), 
copper engraTod^ or n print f ^'" 

Oorpa-M lT^ili™\ ». 
OoiWnikViiTH), n. A woo 

uuderwooa or tmietawood. 
GOPM (heps). 1- A coppice ; 
Oop'Il-U (kl^'S-Iti). n. A vol 

jact and predicate of a or 

U-Uva (kEp;g-iJ. 

Oop'y lk5p;j|. « 
amodel; pAttam. ^ V. t. &ii [CopiEn (-td); 

- Oo^l^r (-r-Srj.Ooii^'ar. Oop-y-lrt ("-Irtt 

— Copt boot 
The eiclualie tight of 


*, Olb, rgda, tifa. Am, fifbd, lifot, ont. on, d 




own works, —v. t. To secure by copyright (a 
bookf drama, picture, etc.)* 

€o-auet' (kd-kstOt V. <. [CoQtnnxBD; GoQuasv 
TXNG.] To attempt to attract admiration or 
love, ,with intent to disappoint. — v. i. To 
trifle in love , to flirt. — Go-guet^ (-rj^), n. Af- 
fectation of amorous advances; propensity to 
coquet. — Go-ftnette' (-kSt^), n. A woman given 
to coquetry ; a jilt. — Oo-^UOt'tUdl (-tYsh), a. 
Practicing coquetry ; beflttmg a coquette. 

gOo-qui'lia (kt-kS'ni), n. A soft, whitish coral- 
like stone. 

Oor'al (kSr'al), n. The solid secretion of soo- 
phytes, consisting almost purely of lime. 

Gafbel (kdr'bfil), n. A short piece of timber, 
^ iron, etc.. in a waU, jutting out like a bracket. 

Oord (kdrd), n. A string, or small rope ; a solid 
measure, equivalent to 128 cubic feet ; a pOe 8 
feet long, 4 feet high, and 4 feet broad, ^v, I. 
To bind with a cord ; to pile up (wood) for meas- 
urement and sale by the cord. — Gord'agO ("tj), 
n. Ropes or cords ; — used collectively. 

Oofdato (kOr'dtt), a. Heart-shaped. 

Ckir'dlal (kdr'jal or kdrd'yol), a. Proceeding 
from the heart ; tending to cheer or invigorate ; 
hearty; affectionate. — ». Anything that com- 
forts ; a medicine which does so ; aromatized 
spirit, employed as a beverage. — Gor-dlal'l-ty 

(kOr-jn^-tj^ or kdr^dY-si'.), GoT'dial-nass, ». 

Hearty good will. 

Ckn^dn-roy' (kdr'dti-roi' or kdr'dd-roiOt n- A 
thick cotton stufF, corded or ribbed on the sur- 
face. — Gordnroy road. A roadway formed of 
logs laid side by side across it. 

Oora (k9r), n. The heart or Inner part of a 
thing, esp. of fniit. — v. i. [Corbd (k9rd); 
Coring.] To take out the core or inward paits 
of. — Gor'er, n. 

Oo'rl-an'der (kO^rT-Sn'dSr), fi. A plant bearing 
spicy medicinal seeds. 

Cto-rlnthl-an (kft-rTn'thT-<m), a, Pertainhig to 
Corinth, or to Corinthian architecture. 

Oozk (kdrk), fi. The outer bark of the cork- 
tree ; a stopper for a bottle or cask, cut out of 
cork.— v. <. [CoRXBD (kdrkt) ; CoRKiNO.] To 
stop with corks , to furnish with cork. — Gork'T 
(-y), a. Consisting of, or like, cork. — Gorlr- 
■orew^ (-skrnOt >*• ^ kind of screw for drawing 
corks from bottles. 

OOT'ino-railt (kdr'mft-ront), n. A web-footed sea 
bird, of the Pelican family ; a glutton. 

Oom (kdm), n. A seed of certain idants, as 
wheat, rye, barley, and maize; gram. — v. t. 
[CoRNXD (kdmd) ; Cornino.] To preserve or 
oure with salt ; to granulate ; to feed with com ; 
to intoxicate. — Goxn'GGlK (-kSl/), n. The axis 
on which the kernels of maize grow. — Goxn'- 
Bllliok^ (-shfikO, n. The husk covering an ear 
of maize. — Coxn'stalk' (-stf^Ot ^ ^ ^^^'^ o^ 
maize. — Gom'staroll' (-stttrch^), n. Starch 
made from maize, used for puddings, etc. 

Oom (kdm), n. A hard, hornlike excrescence 
on the feet. 

Ckn/no-a (kdr'nt-A), n. / pi. Corhbas (-&z). The 

homy, tnuuparent coat of the eyeball wUdh 
covers the pupil and admits light to the interior. 

Gra'nel (kdr'na), n. A shrub and its fruit. 

Gor-nel'lan (kSr-nSl'yan), n, Camelian. 

Gox'&or (kOi/nSr), n. An angle ; space between 
two converging lines or walls which meet hi a 
point ; a secret or retired place ; an embarrass- 
ing position. ^ V. t, [Corsbrsd (-nSrd) ; CoB- 
mBnre.] To drive into a comer, or into a po- 
sition 01 difficulty or necessary surrender; to 
get control of (stocks). — Oor'bor-wiBd' (-wiz'), 
adv. From comer to comer ; with the comer 
in front ; diagonally. — Goxner ■tone. A stona 
at the comer of two walls, and uniting them ; a 
thing of great importance or indispensable. 

Oor^net (kdr'net), n. A musical wind instru- 
ment ; a standard bearer of a troop of cavalry. 

Ooi'Moe (kdr'nTs), n. The molding at the top of 
a wall or column. 

Oor'lLll-Oorpi-a (kdr'nft-kS'pT-A), n. The i 
horn of plenty ; — an emblem of abun- 

Go/Ol (kSr^), Oo-rolOa (k«-rS11i), n. 
The inner part of a flower, composed 
of leaves, called pe^a2f. 

Go-ro'lia (kft-rS'na), n. Crown; hslo. 
— Gor^O-na-ry ( kSr'ft-nt-rj^ ), a. Re- 
lating to or resembling a crown. — Corolla. 
Ooi/O-lUltiOll (-nS'shfin), n. The ^ Many- 
act or solemnity of crowning (a sov- petaled i b 
ereign). Binele-pet- 

Gor'0-ner (k5r'ft-n8r), n. An officer •i«o- 
who inquires into the manner of a violent death. 

Gor'O-net (kSr'ft-nBt), n. A crown worn by noble- 
men ; upper part of a horse*s hoof. 

Gor'pG-ral (kdr'pd-ral), n. The low- 
est officer of a military company of 

Gor'po-xal (kftr'pft-ral), a. Pertain- 

ing to the body ; having a body coronet 
or substance; not spiritual; mate- 
rial; bodily. — Oor'po-xari-tV (-riai-^), «, 
State of being a body or embodied ; matenaUty. 
~ Oor'pO-xal-ly (k8r'pd-ral-13^), adv. In or 
with the body ; bodily. — GoniN>-rate (-rtt), 
a. United in an association ; incorporated ; 
belonging to a corporation. — Gor'^rate-ly, 
adv. In a corporate capacity. — Gor^po-ra^ttoi 
(-rS'shfin), n. A society legally authorized to 
act as a single person. — GoP^ia'tor (-r5't8r)u 
n. A member of a corporation. — Oor-po'lO^d 
(kSr-pS'r^-al), a. Having a body ; materiaL 

Oorps (kSr, pi. k9rz), n. ting. & pi. A body of 

Oorpse (kdrpe), n. A dead human body. 

Gor'pll-leilt (kdr'pfi-lent), a. Haring an ex- 
cessive quantity of flesh ; fleshy ; fat ; pursy ; 
obese. — Gor^-lent-ly, adv. — Gor'pn-lOBOt 
(-lens), Gor'pil-len-oy (-len-sj^), n. Flediinesa. 

Gor-reor (k^-r6kf ), a. Right; proper; free 
from error ; accurate ; exact ; precise ; regular. 
^ V. t. To make or set right ; to reprove or 
punish for faults ; to amend ; to rectify ; to im* 
prove ; to chastise ; to punish ; to chasten. •— 

m oy nooie- 

B» 9, 1. 5, a. long } ft. «, I, ft, a, tt akoit i seatte, «vent, tdea, 6bey , ftnite, oAra, lirm, AdE, «I1« tefl^ 


Ooi-n«rb,a(to.--Ooi-iMt'naH, ■.— Obt- 

noKar (-%), ■. — Oar-notloB (-lek'ihllu), n. 
A corrwtiiig i uneiulmflDt ; puniafanumt ; di^ 
dpUns. — Oa-iM'tlaii-*l(-al), Oa-natln 

(-riSttlTj.n. TMdtogW correct. 

Tlmaff, laCUri. — OSI'I»WBl'WM (-nSn'. 

deuhOWn^paia'n-arC-daHtfJin: Mutual 

_j — ^-«i»_ -» <.„g thing to uiotber; Htoaea; 

han batween oorrnpondaDtB.^ 

I»lDa or Isdlc*- 

A ; nutablB i bd- 

nrentals.^i(. One who oomopoDda ; ona with 

whom IntarcoiuH la ourtod oabr l«ttan. 

Ooi'il-ldr {kiSi^-dSr - "- - • 

OoiU-ll-U* (kSr/rl-JI-bl), a. Caoibk of beln 
•M nght : pimi>li«blis. — Oom-|l-bb-ii»H, n 

(Jqr-roli'o-™Mtk5r-rflb'i-i*t),«.(. Tomakamoi 
urtalii ; to confiriD. -^ OoT-TOb^D-ra'tloA trt-Ti 

Ov^Mlfil^M^'^' _ . 

by dflgrvea; toovUBTj tojntmvi tonut; towur 
vnf. — Oar-nVM (-rVibfln), m. An eUiug 
m imeirliv awoy ■lowlv. — Coi-n'llT* (-iIt), a. 
BatiDg BWH ; acrlmomouL 

Om'n-utl (kOi'm-gXt), V. t. To form Into 
wtlnkleg or foldi. — (s[tt), a. Wiiokled ; fui- 
romd ; contnct«d — Oorrt-ntlmi[.gi'Bb<lu), 
n. A contncdoa Into wrlnkleA. 

OOTTnt' (kOr-rflpV), v. (. To cbugs from a 
Aouiid to ■putrid ctAto ; to change from good to 
bud ) to TKGite I to dcpriTC j to deUe I to entice ; 
tolnlba.-^. i. TopiitralyjtoKi«;toIo»por- 
tt^.— a. Bpcdlsd ', bdnted ; depnTed : dabusd ; 

pgrvertsd. — (tar-npttT, adv.— Qn-Tofjiau, 

■■ — Ow-npVa (?ap'CSr),n.— 0ai-iiipt1-Iil6 
m-b>l), 1. Capable of being comiptad. — n. 

bodr. — Oar-npll-bly, iu(t>. — Om-inp'tlaii 

hjl wlckedneu; taint. —Oor-rapt'lre (-tly), 
n. HftTing the quality of corruptiiv. 

OtClua iMr'itl), n. The bodice of a drew. 

Ora'ufi' (Mt'ittYn. AplratB;aplratlcalTaaaid. 

Oor««(kBr.orkJnj,B. Aoorpw. 

OoiMllt (kSnast), n. A Urbl breaatplata. 

OoCwt (b^rrrft), n. A bodies worn bj xoraan 


A BiddeD tiatb; blaio; imdiBtlOD. 
Oac'Tlaa (kCr'Tbi), a. Pertaining to 
(WMT (kS-^), o. SeeCoiT. 

0«*-miMo (kg^-mitOk), a. Improving tbe om> 
plexioD.^n. An externa] a^illoatlon to h^ 

OWmo-pol'l-lui (kGi/int-pS11-Ifin), OiM-nap'o- 
Ilta (.mBp't-Ut). R. Oue who hai no filed red- 
deOce, but [a at home in erery placv, 

OtWmo.n'lDa (kOi'nitt-iS'nit or -ri'mt), n. An 

law. hanunv.aDd truth irithin theuidrerae. 

Oo«t (kSet), V. t. To requhe to be glTen, u- 
pandad, or laid out forj tocauaetobe Buffered, 
^n. Amount paidf price} kiee; aufferlng. — 
OartOriO- OlEMAcoatorhlgbprioeieipea- 
alie; aumptaoaa.— OoMU-SMt.n. 

OofUICkB^tidXa. Pertaining to tbe rlba. 

OHm.'n (kOrtlV), a. Rationing teeal matter In 
the bowek; oonatlpated. — OotVrc-Mu, n. 

(Mfa-tMt, n., CmiT, a. See under Cost. 

flMtaa^ (kSatEra' or kSi-tiim'), n. Style of 
dreia.— Oeitaaftr (-tuni'irjiR. One who 
preridea coatumea, for tbealera, balhs etc. 

WmHVS'iS),a. SmCozt. 

Oot^), aata<ket), n. A cottage ; a hut ; an 

Oat, Oott (kat), fk A'emaUalupingplaceialit- 

tie Ijed { a cradla ; a folding bedatead. 
Oo-trai'ps-ra-iy, ate. Bee Cohtutdbuit. 
llOo^lfc' (ki'te^r(>), n. A aet of peraona who 

meet fmmiUBrly ; B Club i B CliqUe. 

llOoWta' (kClS'ySii' or kS'ttl'yON'), Oo-tU'. 

Uonlke-tll'ytinl.n. AquadrlUe 

dancB { woolen drew maUrlal. 
Oot^e (kSt'tlj), n. A nnii 

dwelling 1 a oot ; a hnl. — OoHl 

B«r (-iLjir), Cotter (-lar), i 

One who Uvea hi a cottage. 
Oattn (kOt/ter), n. A wedge t 

Ootto.lena (kSttt-ien), n. A 


Oot'T-I^Oan (kBt^ JS-dBn), 
n. Beed lobe ol a plant. ^ 
— Oofy-let'on-il f-lSd'- ■ 
Dn-ai), 0ar7-l»d-an.Du 

(-a.), a. ftrtaining to 
cotyledoua; haTlngaaeed ^ 

t, Arb, rude, f^O, Om, Iiiod, fo'M. w 




lay down np<m a bed, or reating-plaoe ; to eom- 
pose to rest ; to put in language ; to express ; to 
phrase ; to state ; to remove (a cataract from 
the eye^. --> v. i. To lie down ; to hide. 

COBfg9I (koo'giir), n. An American feline qoad- 
ruped ; a puma ; a panther ; a catamount. 

Oongh i^ffli V. i. & L [ConoBKD (kftft) ; Gougb- 
mo.] To expel (air or irritating matter) from 
the lungs or throat. — n. Noiqr ezpulnon of 
air from the dhest. 

Oovld (kd6d), imp, of Can. 

Oonl'ter, n. Same as Coltbb. 

Ooiin'oil (koun'sTl), n. An assemblv for consul- 
tation or advice. — Ooon'oll-OT {-^h ^ A mem- 
ber of a council. 

Oonn'sel (koun'sSI), n. Interchange of opinions ; 
consultation ; prudence ; advice; purpose; plan ; 
one who advises ; a legal advocate or body of 
lawyers managing a case. ^ v. t. [Counselbd 
(-sSld) or CouNSBLLBD ; ConirsKLino or Counskl- 
LiMO. J To advise ; to admonish. — GoiUl'sel-or 
(-Sr), n. An adviser ; a barrister ; a lawyer. 

Oonnt (kount), V. U To number ; to reckon ; to 
compute ; to esteem ; to ascribe. ^ v. i. To 
number ; to add strength or influence ; to de- 
pend ; to rely. ^n. Act of numbering ; ascer- 
tained amount ; reckoning ; part of a declara- 
tion. — Goimt'er, n. One who counts or keeps 
an account ; a piece of metal, etc., used in keep- 
ing accounts or tallies ; a table on which to 
count money or exhibit goods. — GoiUlt'less 
(-18s), (U Numberless ; innumerable. 

OoiUlt (kount), n. A European nobleman, equal 
in rank to an English earL — Goimt'ess (-^)f 
n. The wife of an earl or count. 

Oonnta-nance (koun't^-nans), n. Appearance; 
look ; mien ; the face ; aid ; encouragement. ^ 
V. t. To encourage ; to favor ; to support. 

Ooiint'er, n. See under Count, v. i. 

Oonn'ter (koun'tSr), a. Contrary ; opposite ; con- 
trasted ; antagonistic. ^ adv. In opposition ; 
c ontrar iwise ; in the wrong way. 

I^p" This word is prefixed to many verbs and 
nouns, expressing opposition. 

^ a. The after body of a ship ; a high tenor in 
music ; the heel part of a shoe. 

Oonn^ter-act' (koun'tSr-SktO? v. t. To act in op- 
position to ; to hinder ; to defeat ; to frustrate. 
— Govn^ter-ac'tlon (-Sk'shfin), n. Action in 
opposition ; hindrance.* 

Ooim^ter-bal'anGe (koun^tSr-l^'ons), v, t. To 
oppose with an equal weight ; to act against. — 
Govnter-bal^anGe (koun'ter-bSl'ans), n. Equal 
opposing weight ; equivalent. 

Oonnter-claim' ( koun'tSr-klSm' ), n. A claim 
that one makes to offset a claim miade upon him. 

Oonnter-feit (koun'ter-fTt), a. Besembling; 
made like something else, in order to defraud ; 
false ; spurious.— f. i. To put on a semblance 
of; to imitate with a view to deceive or de- 
fraud ; to forge, —v. i. To dissemble ; to feign. 
*-n. Likeness; counterpart; a forgery; a 
cheat. — Govnter-f eirer (-flt^r), n. 

Oonn'ter-xnand' (koun^tSr-m&nd'), v. t. To revoke 

(a former command). — Oovntar-maBd (kooi/. 
t8r-m4nd), n. A contrary order. 

Oonn'teir-llUXOli' (koun ' tSr - ml&rch '), v. t To 
march back, or in a reversed order. — Ooun'ter- 
maxoli' (koun'tSr-mi&rch/), n. A marching 
back ; change of the wings or face of a battalion. 

Oonn'ttr-pane' (koun'tSr-p3nO« »• A coverlet for 

Gonnner-part^ (koun'tSr-pSrt^), n. A part corre- 
sponding to another part ; a copy ; a duplicate ; 
an opposite. 

Gonnter plea' (koun^r pis'). A replication. 

Goiuter-pi^ae' ( koun'tSr-poiz' ), v. t. To act 
against with equal weight ; to counterbalance, 
•^n. A weight to balance another ; equilibrium. 

G01U^er-8ign' (koun'tSr-nnO, v. t. To sign (aa 
secretary) opposite the signature of a principal, 
to attest authenticity. — n. The signature of a 
secretary, to attest authenticity; a private signal, 
which must be given in order to pass a sentry. 

Gonnt'easCkount'es), n. Wife of an earl or count. 

Goiut'lng-nGiiso' (kounfTng-hous'), Goimt'lng- 
room' (-room'), n. A house or room for keeping 
books, papers, and accounts. 

Goimtless (kountlSs), n. Innumerable; nom- 

Gonn'try (kfintrj^), n. A region ; a rural region, 
as opposed to a city ; a state ; native land. •^o. 
Rural ; rustic ; unrefined ; rude. — Goim'tri-fied 
(-trl-fid), a. Rustic in manner or appearance ; 
uncouth. — Goiutry-man, Goim^-wom'an, 
n. An inhabitant of the country ^ a rustic ; a 
citizen of one^s own country ; a compatriot. 

Gonn'ty (koun'tf ), n. Ong., an earldom; an 
administrative district of a stete ; a shire. 

llGon'p^ (koo^pa'), n. A compartment of a Bnro- 
pean railway car- 
riage; a four- 
wheeled close car- 

Gon'ple (kOp'a), n. 

Two things of the 
same kind ; a pair ; 
a brace, ^v. t. & i. 
[CoupxBD (ktip^'ld) ; 
GouPLiNO (-ITng).] 

r. — 0< 


To join; to embrace; to 
marry. — uonpaer (-ISr), n. — Goaplet (-l»t), 
n. Two verses that rhyme ; a pair. — Govp'- 
llng (-Itng), n. Connection. 

Gou'lpOB (koo'p5n), n. A separable ticket or 
certificate, as for interest on a bond. 

Gonr'age (kttr^j), n. Boldness in meethag dan- 
ger or suffering ; bravery ; daring ; firmness. 

— Gonr-a'geons (kfir-S'jfis), a. Brave ; heroic. 
Gon'ri-«r (koo^rT-Sr), n. A messenger sent in 

haste> ; an attendant on travelers. 
Gonrse (kSrs), n. A passing or running ; ground 
traversed ; line of progress ; direction ; stated 
action ; method ; conduct ; portion of a meal 
served at one time ; horizontal range of stone, 
brick, ete., in a building, — v. i. & i. [Coursbd 
(kSrst) ; Cottbsino.] To run ; to hunt ; to chaae. 

— Gonn'er, n. One who courses ; a swift horse. 
Gonrt (k5rt), n. An inclosed space ; yard; alley ; 

B»9, 1, o, a, long ; ft, 6, 1, 6, II, t> >>wrt { MnAto, «ven^ tdea, 6bey, tfuiite, oAn« iinn, AdE, §11, fia^ 




the reflidence of a sovereign, nobleman, etc. ; 
a palace ; the retinue of a sovereign ; conduct 
designed to gain favor ; iMliteness ; addresses ; 
seat of justice ; a judge in any case, as distin- 
guished from the counsel ; a session of a judicial 
assembly. — v. /. To seek the favor of ; to so- 
licit ; to ask in marriage ; to woo ; to allure ; to 
attract. — Oourtly, a. Relating to a court; 
polite. — Oonrt'ler (-ySr), n. One who fre- 
quents courts or who solicits favors. — Oonrt'- 
sup, n. Solicitation of favor ; wooing in love. 

Ooiurte-OlU (kilr't^&s), a. Of courtlike or ele- 
gant and condescending manners; manifesting 
courtesy ; obligii^ ; poUte ; civil ; complaisant. 

Oonrte-sy (kfir't^-sj^), n. Elegance of manners ; 
act of civUlty or respect ; favor or indulgence. 

Oonrte'sy (kfirf s^), n. A gesture of respect by 
women.— V. i. [Coubtbsibd (-sYd); Coubte- 
8TINO.] To bow the body slightly, with bend- 
ing of the knees, as an expression of civility. 

OonrMlOllso' (kortnious'), n. A house in which 
established courts are held ; a county town. 

Ckmrt'-plas^ter (kSrt'pl&sUer), n. Sticking 
plaster made of silk. 

Oona'ln (kiiz'*n), n. One collaterallv related ; a 
child of an imcle or aunt. — Cgub'XII— gor'Siail 
(-jSr'm&n), n.; pi. Cousins-gebmah. A first 
cousin ; a cousin in the first generation. 

Oove (k5v), n. A small creek or bay ; a recess in 
a mountain side. —v. L To arch over. 

CklV'6-liant (k&v'^-nant), n. An agreement; a 
contract; a bargaui. — (-nSnt), v. i. & t. To 
stipulate ; to contract. — Gov'6-liant-er (-er), n. 
One who makes an agreement. — Cov'd-liaill-or' 
(-dr^), n. The party who makes a legal covenant. 

OOT'er (kfiv/Sr), V. U [CovBBBD (-frd) ; Covbb- 
IN6.] To spread over ; to clothe : to conceal ; to 
screen ; to hide ; to comprehend, ^n. Shelter ; 
disguise. — Gov'er-iHf, n. Anything spread 
over. — Oov'er-let (-let), ». A bedspread. 

Oov'ert (kfiv'Srt), a. Covered over ; hid ; shel- 
tered ; private ; disguised, ^n. A hiding place ; 
a thicket ; a shelter ; a defense ; feathers at the 
base of the quills in bird's wings and tiuils. — 
Oov'ert-ly, adv. Secretly ; privately. 

Oov'et (kttv^t), V. t. [CovBTED ; Covsnsro.] To 
wish for inordinately, unreasonably, or unlaw- 
fully ; to lust after. — Gov'et-on8 (-St-Hs), a. 
Inordinately desirous ; miserly; niggardly. 

OOT'ey (kfiv^y) ». a brood of young birds. 

Oow (kou), n. ; pL Cows (kouz) ; old pi. Exnb 
(kin). The female of homed cattle, also of some 
large mammals, as the whale, seal, etc. 
» Oow (kou), V. t. [CowBO (koud) ; Cowmo.] To 
depress with fear ; to overawe ; to daimt. 

Ctow'ord (kou^rd), n. One who lacks courage to 
meet danger ; a craven ; poltroon ; dastard. — 
a. Destitute of coun^ ; timid ; base. — Gow'- 
ard-loe (-ts), n. Want of coun^re ; pusillanim- 
ity. — Gow'ard-ly (-ly), a. Wanting courage ; 
timorous ; dastardly ; mean ; base. 

Oow'er (kou'Sr), V. i. [CowEBBo (-3rd) ; Coweb- 
nre.] To sink by bending the knees ; to crouch. 

OowOlsrd' (kou^erdO* n. One who tends cows. 

of a eonri 

OowllldO' (kouniidO, n. The hide 
leather, or a whip, made from it. 

Oowl (koul), n. A monk's hood ; a chimney cap. 

GoWllok' (kou^TkO, n. A tuft of hair turned np 
over the forehead. 

GoWpoz' (kou'pSlcs'), n. The vaccine disease. 

GoWsUp^ (kou'slTp/), 91. A species of primrooe. 
growing in moist places. 

Goz'COniD' (kSks'kom'), n. A cockscomb. 

Goy(koi), a. Shrinking from familiarity; shy; 
bashful ; distant. — Goyly, adv. — Goy']iea8,n. 

Ooy-0^ (koi-o'ta or koi-St'), n. A dog-like ani- 
mal of Western North America ; a prairie wolL 

Goz'en (kfiz^'n), v. t. [Cozened (-'nd) ; Cozbning.] 
To cheat; to beguile; to deceive. 

Go'ky (ko'zj^), a. Snug ; easy. — Go'zi-ly, adv. 

Grab (krSb), n* A ten-legged crustaceous animal ; 
a wild apple ; a ma- 
chine for hoisting, 
holding, etc— GraV- 
bed (krSb'bSd), a. 
Harsh ; rough ; cross ; 
morose. — Orablied- 
ly, adv, — Crab'bed- 
ness, n. f Grab. 

Graok (krSk), v,U&i, 
[Cbacesd (krSkt) ; Obackino.] To break ; to 
8nap|.^7». A partial separation; a fissure; a 
crevice ; a sudden sharp noise; craziness; insan- 
ity. ^ a. Particularly excellent. [Colloq.'] — 
Grack'er (krSk'Sr), n. One who, or that which, 
cracks ; a hard biscuit ; a small, noisy firework. 

GraoldO (krSk^'l), v. i. To make slight cracks; 
to make small, abrupt, snapping noises, ^n. A 
crackling ; a glazing on pottery which causes it 
to seem cracked in all directions. — GxaolcUllg 
(-klTng), n. Small, abrupt cracks or reports ; 
the rind of roasted pork. 

Ora'dle (kra'd'l), n. A rocking bed for infants ; 
framework attached to scythes, to catch grain 
when mown. — v. t. To lay (a child) in a cra- 
dle ; to nurse ; to cut (gAin) with a cradle. 

Graft (kr&ft), n. Dexterity in manual employ- 
ment ; a trade ; cunning ; g^ile ; vessels of any 
kind. — Graft^ (krif't^), a. Cunning ; tric^. 

Graff (krSg), n. A steep, rugged rock. — Gra^- 
ged (-gSd), Grag'gy (-gj^), a. FuU of crags. 

Gram (krSm), v. t. & i. [Cbammed (krSmd); 
Cbamming.] To eat greedily ; to stuff ; to fill. 

Gram'hO (kr&n'bft), n. A game at find- 
ing rhymes. 

Gramp (krSmp), n. A restraint ; 
a spasm of the muscles ; an iron 
implement to hold objects 
together.— v. i. [Ceamfeo 
(krSmt) ; Cbahfing.] To 
hold tightly together; to 
restrain ; to hinder. 

Granlier-ry (krSn'bSr-rj^), 
n, A red, sour berry, 
growing in swamps. 

Grane (krSn), ». A wading^ 
bird ; a machine for moving cmne, 2. 

heavy weights ; a siphon. 

fBa, recent, drb, nide, f ^ Hm, fdbd, f tfbt, oat, oil, diair, go, sins, iQk, ttuot tbl^ 




On^-liai (krS'nI-Bm), n.; pL B. CBAaioifS 

(-ttmz), L. Cbahu. (-4). The skull ; the brampm. 
— On'&i-al (-nl-al), a. Pertaining to the orval' 
VLm.—Onflii-oVo-gy(-Vlft-jf)i n. The science of, 
or a treatise on, the eunill or brain ; phrenology. 
Onnk (krSQk), n. A bend in, or bent portion oif 

1 Single Crank ; 2 Double Crank t S Bell Crank. 

an axis ; bend, turn, or winding ; a verbal con- 
ceit ; a person full of crotchets, or of perverted 
Judgment. » a. Infirm ; topheaw ; liable to 
overset (said of a ship) ; lively ; opinionated. 

Orai'ny (krSn'n^), n. A crevice ; a crack. 

Orape Qarap), n. A thin, transparent stuif , used 
for mourning garments. 

Oiasll (krSsh), V. i. [Crashxo (krSsht) ; Crash- 
Dro.] To break to pieces violently, —v. t. To 
make a loud, clattering sound. — n. A loud 
sound of things falling and breaking ; a smash. 

Orasll (krSsh), 71. Coarse linen dotlu 

Orate (krat), n. A wicker pannier for crockery ; 
a slatted box for fruit. — v. t. To pack in a crate. 

Orater (krS'tSr), n. The mouth of a volcano. 

Ora-vaV (kr&-vStO, n. A neckcloth. 

Orave (krav), v. t, [Geavxd (kravd) ; Craving.] 
To adc eamestiy ; to seek ; to beg ; to implore. 
— OraTlnf , n. Strong desire ; longing. 

Ora'ven (kraVn), n. & a. Coward ; dastard. 

Oraw (kr{^), n. The crop of a bird ; the stomach 
of an animal. 

Oraw'flslL/ (krft^shO, Orarflsh' (krS'flshO* n. 
A small fresh-water lobster. 

Orawl (kr^), V. i. [pBAWLBD (kr^ld) ; Ceawl- 
iNo.] To move as a worm ; to creei). 

Oiay'on (kra'Qn), n. A piece of chtdk, or other 
soft substance, for use in drawing; a drawing 
made with a pencil or crayon ; a carbon pencil 
used in producing electric light. 

Graze (krSz), v. t. [Grazed (krazd) ; Crazing.] 
To break into pieces ; to impair the intellect of ; 
to render insane. ^ n. State of craziness ; insan- 
ity ; strong desire or passion ; infatuation ; fan- 
cy; crotchet; fad. — Ora'Sy (kra'zj^), a. De- 
ranged; insane; decrepit; broken; weakened. 

Oreak (krSk), v. i, & t. [Crbaked (krSkt); 
Grbaxihg.I To make a sharp, harsh, grating 
sound, as by friction of hard substances, ^n. 
A harsh sound ; a creaking. 

Oream (krSm), n. The oily substance on the sur- 
face of milk; the best part of a thing. ^ v. i. 
[Creahbd (kremd) ; Crbamino.] To yield cream. 
^ V, t. To take off (cream or the best part of 
anything). — Oreaia'y, a. Full of cream ; rich. 

Oreaae (krSs), n. A mark made by folding. — v. t. 
[Crsassd (krest) ; Greasing. J To mark by 
folding or doubling. 

Ort'B-aote (kiS'AHBSt), n. See CRioaon. 

Ore-ate' (krllHtf), v. t. To bring into being ; to 
originate; to appoint; to make. — Ore- B' tor 
(-5tSr), n. One who creates ; God. — Ore-a'- 
tloil (-S'shttn]!, ». A creating ; the bringing the 
world into existence ; formation ; the universe. 

Orea'ture (krS'tttr), n. Anything created; an 
animal ; a man ; a servile dependent. 

Ore'denoe (kre'dens), n. Belief; faith. — Oie'- 
dent (-dent), a. Believing; giving credit. — 
Ore-dentlal (-dSn'shal), a. Giving a title to 
credit. — > n. That which gives credit or a title 
to confidence ; pi, certificates that one deserves 
credit, or has authority or official powers. 

Oredl-Ue (krSd'T-bU), a. Capable of being be- 
Ueved ; trustworthy. — Oreda-bil'l-ty (-X-bYll- 
tj^), Oredl-ble-ness, n. — Gredl-bly, adv. 

Oredit (krSdIt), n. Belief ; reputation ; esteem; 
trust; time allowed for payment; mercantile 
reputation entitling one to be- trusted ; amount 
due. — V. t. To believe ; to trust ; to confide 
in ; to set to the credit of. — Ored1t-or (-T-tSr), 
n. One to whom money is due. — Ctared'it-a>uie 
(-A-b*l), a. Deserving esteem ; estimable. 

Ored^-lOlU (krCd'fi-lfis), a. Apt to believe on 
slight evidence ; easily imposed upon ; unsua* 
pecting. — Ored'n-lons-ly, adv. — Oredll-loiUI- 
ness, Ore-dnOi-^ (kri-duai-ty), «. 

Oreed (krSd), n. Belief ; summary of faith. 

Oreek (krek), n. A small inlet, bay, or river. 

Oreel (krel), n. An osier fishing basket. 

Oreep (krep), v. i. [Crept (kriipt) ; Crbbpino.] 
To move like a worm or reptile, or on the hands 
and feet ; to fawn ; to crawl. — Gieep'er, n. One 
who creeps ; a creeping thing ; a clmging plant, 

Ore'mate (krS'mSt or kr^-mStO, v. t. To bum ; 
to reduce (a bodv) to ashes, by fire ; to indner- 
ate. — Ore-matlon (-mi'shfiu), n. A bumhiff ; 
burning of the dead. — Orem'a-te-ry (krfim^ 
ti-i^), n. A furnace for cremating bodies.— 
a. Pertainii^ to or employed in cremation. 

Ore'ole (krS'Sl), n. One born of European par- 
ents in American colonies oi^ France or Spain. 

Ore'O-BOte (krS'ft-sot), n. An oily liquid, of 
smoky smell and antiseptic properties. 

Grept, imp. &p. p. of Creep. 

Ores'oent (krfis'sent), a. Increasing ; growing. — 
n. The increasing moon ; the figure of the new 
moon, in the Turkish flag; the Turkish power. 

Oreas (kr6s), n. A salad plant of various species, 
moderately pungent. 

Orea'set (kres'sSt), n. An open lamp ; a beacon. 

Orest (krSst), n. A tuft or plume of feathers; 
comb ; hill top ; spirited 
bearing ; courage. — v. 
t&i. To form (a crest). 
— Orest'ed, a. Wearing 
a crest. — Grestfall'en 
(-fftP'n), a. With droop, 
ing head ; dispirited ; de- 

shfis), a. Of the nature 
of chalk ; chalky. 



(kit-tCnO. n- A ttbrU, of hi 

OwViM'lkrtVI.), ». A 
Onw (ton), ». A oompi 

and drawing ur nof^ty into tb« 8l 

OilVble(krlb'l>']),n. A eoum i^ 
^v, i- To pa3B ttirouffh « aieve; 
Oilak(ktTkl,n. A cramp; ■pum 

Ortnk'Bt (krTk'St), n. An \ 

(Mn (krTip), a. BtlfflT nrisd ; bilttls ; wib^ 

kl«d i bnA. — v.L&i. To cuil ) to wrinkl*. 
Orl-t*W<n(fat-i»'[l-(In),fi. " ' " '" 

w rtooL — Orioi'it- 

OtIsu (krim), fv. VL 
QoUtr of, JnToliInK, 


Orlm'l-aal-l;, odi; 
■tj), B. Guilt. 
m'l-UU (krlml-ni! 

enUty penOD. 

m'l-n*i1-ty {-eJQ'- 

to chuge with ■ 

(Mmp (krtmpj, a. Eaaly crumbled ; brittle. — 
B.I. [CsnmDllirlmt); Cbikfibo.] To form 
Into lidgei, wavea, or plaiU ; to seize ; to uuku 
gtIap ; to form iota little Ildgu ; to friiile. 

(UlB'toIl Ikclm'i'n), n. A deep red color. — a, 

Ortnn (krfnj), v. i. To bow obeequlouBly; 

toT.i™. — n. Bervile drtlitv ; ■ mean bow. 
Ortll'klB(krIn1t>l),r.(.4J. To bend in tuniB or 

fleiuTflB^ —n. A wrlAkle ; Binuo&ltv. 
IMp^U (kTrfpl), n. One who creeps, hilt^ nr 

UmpL — s. Lame.— D.I. [GuTTLiD (.p'ld): 

Cbhhjho.] To lame ; to dluble. 
(lrl'lU(kri'lt.), n.;jj. Cbmb (->5.). Critical 

(, Orb, inda, tifR, ttm, ttfbd, Itfbt, 

(-ri'iar), n.— Ollfl-Ol«m(-«Vi'm), 

n. a Judging i critical judgmeet ; a review. 
Omk (krl!k), v. i. [CaouiD (kiSkt) : Caout. 

lo^hi^h Mimd. — Ciwii'Bt, n. 
Ol»hBf (krt-aha'), n, Mettl^ made 1^ ■ imall 

hook. —v. 1. [Csoi:iiBnD (-ahad'li CatxMMT- 

WQ (.ahi'log).] Touet. 
Crook (kr6k),n. An earthen pot ; a )l 
OtllOk(krBkS,n. F ■■ -- — 

[ciu>CMD(fcrttkt)'i CEOcillio.f " To 
Ol«iHr.j (krUk'Sr.H, —'- — 

cdlKted 01 


lizardlike reptue, 
On/OBI (kro^Oa), 

■ eariy-blf — ■ 

laige, aoipldblDiu, 




more, or pass, across ; to interbreed. — OtomK- 
tag (krBeOfng), n. Act or place of passing. 

Oroasnuar' (kroa'biir'), n. A transverse bar; 
jU. a grating formed of intersecting bars. 

OxounboW {ktWbS^)t n. A weapon for dis* 
charging arrows, — formed by. placing a bow 
crosswise on a stock. 

Oross'-ez-anL'llie (krSs'Sgz-lbn'Tn), V. t. & i. To 
examine (a vdtness), to elicit facts not brought 
out in direct examination, or to controvert the 
direct testimony. 

Oross'-eyed' (krSe'idO) a* Having the eyes 
turned toward the nose ; squinting. 

OrOBS'gralned^ (krSe' grand 0* A* Having the 
grain or fibers crossed ; contrary ; vexatious. 

Onas'-qilMI'tlon (krSefkw&^chfin),!;. t. To oroos- 

Oxoas'road' (krSs'rSdOt GroBi'way^ (-wS^), n. 
A road crossing another. 

OxOM'wiBO' (krOe'fmOi adv. In the form of a 
cross; across. 

OrotolL (kr5ch)t n. A place of division ; a fork. 

OrotolL'et (kroch'St), n. A forked piece of wood ; 
crotch ; a note in music, equal to half a minim ; 
in printing, a bracket; a perverse fancy; a 
wlum; a conceit. 

OroUGll (krouch), V. i. [Cbouohid (kroucht); 
CaoucHiKO.] To bend down ; to stoop or lie 
low; tofaMoi; to cringe. 

Oronp (kroop), n. The buttocks of a quadruped, 
especially of a horse. 

Orovp (kroop), n. An inflammatory disease in 
the throat, with suffocation. 

Grow (kro), n. A large bird, usually black, with 
strong beak and a hafsh cry 
or caw ; voice of the cock ; 
an iron lever with a claw 
at the end. ^v. i. [Cbowxo 
(krSd); Cbowino.] To 
make the noise of a cock ; 
to boast ; to exult.— Orow'- 
liar', n. An iron lever, end- 
ing in a claw. — Orowfoot' 
(krS^ddt^), n. A plant of 
many species ; a boring tooL — Orow's'-foet', 
n. Wrinkles about the eyes of old persons. 

Oxowd (kroud), v. t. & i. To press together ; to 
squeeze. — n. A throng ; the rabble. 

Oxowd (kroud), n. An old style of violin. 

Oxown (kroun), n. A wreath, garland, or orna- 
ment encircling the head, especially as a badge 
of royalty or dignity ; the top of the head, also 
of a hat ; a coin ; completion ; accomplishment, 
—v. t. [Crownsd (kround); Cbownino.] To 
invest with a crown ; to adorn ; to perfect. 

Oni'Olal ( kru ' shal ), a. Like 
or pertaining to a cross ; inter- 
secting; severe; decisive. 

Oni'oi-Ue ( krn ' s¥ - b'l ), n. A 
chemist's melting pot; a se- 
vere test. 

Oni-cif 'er-oiu (krn-sYfSr-tis), a. 
Bearing a cross ; belonging to 
the cruciform family of plants ; cruciate. 



Cia'd-flX (kru'sT-fTks), n. A cross, with the 
figure of Ohrist u^ it. — Oxa'Ol-flxlon (-flk'- 
shfin), n. A nailing to a cross. — Oxn'ol-foxm 
• (HiY-fOrm), a. Cross-shaped. — Grn'Ol-fy (-fi), 
V, t. [CBUcmKO (-fid) ; CBucmiNo.] To fasten 
and put to death (m a cross. 

CxndO (krud), a. In its natural state; not 
cooked ;. roughly or coarsely done. — Gxnde'ly, 
adv. — Gnido'nesB, Gni'di-ty (km'dT-ti^), n. 

Oxa'el (kru'Sl), a. Disposed to give pain ; bar- 
barous. — Gra'el-ly, adv. — Gni'el-ty (-ty), n. 

Gra'et (krn'St), n. A small bottle for sauces. 

Grnisa (kruz), n. A small bottle. See Cbubb. 

Ornisa (kr^z), v. i. [Cbuised (kr^zd) ; Cruisino.] 
To sail back and forth. » n. A sailing to and fro. 
— GmlS'er, n. One who, or a ship that, cruises. 

Grnl'ler (krfiiaSr), n. . A crisp cake boiled m fat. 

Gxnmb (kriim),n. [Written also eru«n.1 A small 
fragment or jtfece, esp. of bread ; soft piurt of 
bread, ^f. /. To break into small pieces. — 
GXTUn'my (-mj^)* a- Full of crumbs ; soft. 

Gmmnile (kHim'bU), v. t. &i. To break into 
small pieces. 

Gxmnp'et (kriimp^t), n. A kind of muiBn. 

Grnm'plo (krlim'pU), v. t. & i. To form Into 
folds ; to wrinkle ; to rumple. 

OnULCll (krQnch), v. i. & i. To grind noisily. 

Gnip'per (krvi/per in U. S. ; krfip'pSr in Eng.), n. 
The rump^ of a horse ; a strap passing under a 
horse's tail, and holding the saddle from slipidng 
forward. » v. t. To put a crupper on. 

Gm'ral (kr^'ral), a. Bialonging to the 1^. 

Grn-sade' (kr^-sSd'^, n. A military expedition 
to recover the Holy Land from Mohammedans ; 
a fanatical enterprise. — Gxn-sad'ei (-sad'Sr), n. 

GXUBO (krns), n. A small cup or bottle. 

Oxnsh (krfish), V. t. [Cbushbd (krttsht) ; Cbush- 
INO.] To bruise and break by pressure ; to 
overwhelm ; to subdue ; to ruin. — v. i. To be 
condensedor reduced in compass. —n. A ocd- 
lision ; compression ; a crowd. — Gxnsh'ex, n. 

Omst (krQst), n. The hard, external coat or cov- 
ering of anything. — v. i. To cover with a hard 
case ; to incrust ; to envelop, —v. i. To «vther 
or contract into a hard crust. — Gmst'y {-^\ a. 
Like crust ; hard ; harsh ; surly ; morose. 

llGrns-ta'ce-a (krfis-tS'sh#-4), n. pi. Articulated 
animals, including lobsters, shrimps, and crabs, 
having jointed, crustlike shells. — Gnuhta'oeui 
(-ta'shon), n. An animal of this class. — GlTlB- 
ta'oeoiLB (-shQs), a. Pertaining to, or having, 
a crustlike shell ; belonging to the Crustacea. 

GllUt'y, etc. Bee under Cbubt, n. 

Grntoll (krfich), n. A staff with a crosspiece at 
the head, to support the lame in walking. 

Cry (kri), v.U&i. [Cbied (krid) ; Cbtino.] To 
call ; to exclaim ; to weqp. — n. Loud utter- 
ance ; weeping ; clamor ; a pack of hounds. 

Grypt (krlpt), n. A cell or vault under a church ; 
a hiding place. — OryptO-gram(krTp't^-grSm), 
Grypto-grapll (-grSf ), n. A cipher; something 
written in cipher, or secret characters. 

Orystal (krls'tal), n. A regular solid mineral 
body ; fine glass ; glass covering a watch face. 

ft, 8, 1, S, O, long ; ft, 6, 1, tt, O, t> aluvt ; senAte, «Tent, tdaa, 6boy, finite, oAf^ ttnn, Ask, »1U ila^ 





^o. Gonnsting of, m Uke, cr jgtol ; dear; 
transparent ; lucid ; crystalline. — Oryi'tal-Ulie 
(-tol-Im or -lYn), a. ConaJBting of crystals ; hav- 
ing a texture produced by crystallization ; clear ; 
peUudd. — Cnrys'tal-Uze (-liz), v. /. & t. To 
form into crystals. — Orys'tal-ll-zatloil (-IT- 
zS'shfin), n. Act or process of cryBtalliring ; 
body formed bv the 'process of crystallizing. 

Gub (kttb), ». A young animal, esp. the young 
of the tiear. 

Gube (kub), n. A regular solid body, with six 
equal square sides ; product of a 
number multiplied twice into it- 
self ; as, 4 X 4 = 16, and 16 X 4 
= Gl, the cube of 4. — v, t. 
[CiTBBD (kubd); Cubing.] To 
raise to the tmrd power. — Gh'- 
bio (kuO>Tk), OnmiO-al (-bT-kal), 
o. Having the form or properties 
of a cube. 

GnOieb (kil'bSb), n. Tho sincy berry of a kind 
of pepper. 

Gn^bit (ku^Tt), n. The forearm; measure from 
elbow to extremity of middle Anger, or about 
20 inches. 

Gvok'OO (kddk'oo), ». A bird ; — so named from 
its note. 

Gu^ciun-ber (kCk&m-bSr), n. A creeping plant 
and its fruit. • 

Gnd (kfid), n, A portion of food brought up into 
the mouth by ruminating animals, and chewed 
a second time ; i^ece of chewing tobacco ; quid, 

Gnd^dle (kttd'd'l), v. i. To lie close or snug. 

Gud^dy (kfid'dj^), n. A small cabin in a boat 

Gudg'el (kiij'Sl), n. A club. — v, t. To beat. 

Gue (ku), n. An end ; a tail ; a^^hint ; a wooden 
rod used to impel a ball in playing billiards. 

Gulf (k&f), n. A blow with the open hand ; a box. 
— r. /. [CuTTSO (kttft) ; CuiTiNo.] To strike. 

Guff (kfif), n. A fold at the end of a sleeve. 

Gni-raas' (kwt-r&s' or kwS'rSs), n. A breast- 

SUte. — Gvi'nui-Slar' (kwS'r&s-sSr'), n, A sel- 
ler Mined with a cuirass. 
Gull-na-ry (ku1T-n&-TJ^), a. Relating to 

kitchen or to cookery. 
Gflll (kfil), V. t. [GuLLBD (kttld) , CuLLnro.] 
separate, select, or pick out. — Onll'er, n. 
Gnllon-der (kfil'lSn-dSr), n. A strainer. 


Gvlm (kiilm\ n. Stem of com and grassee. 

Gvlm (ktUm), n. Anthracite coal ; coal dust 

Gnl'lnl-lUltO (kOl'ml-nSt), V. i. To reach the 
highest point. — a. Growing upward, as dis- 
tinguished from lateral growth. — GlU'ml-XUl'- 
tiOil (-nS'shiin), n. Highest point of altitude. 

Gnl'pa-ble (kfil'p4-b'l), a. Deserving censure; 
faulty ; blameworthy ; censurable. — Gnl'pa- 
Wl'i-ty (-blll-ty), Gul'^-ble-ness, n. 

Gnl'lPZlt (kfil'prTt), n. One accused or convicted 
of crime; acriminaL 

Gnim-Ytte (ktU'tT-vat), v.t To till; to foster; 
to cherish ; to dvilize ; to produce by tillage. 
— Gvl'tl-Ta^on (-va'shttn), n. A cultiva- 
ting ; care ; refinement ; culture. — Gvltl-^l'tor 




(-vt'tftr), n. One who tills or cultivates ; an i2B> 
plement im loosening the surface of the ground. 

Ovltoro (ktUtttr), n. A cultivating ; cultivation ; 
physicu improvement ; refinement of mind or 
manners, —v. /. To cultivate ; to educate. 

Gvl'yart (kfil'vSrt), n. A dram ; a small bridge. 

OTinfhn (ktim'ber), v, t. [Cumbbbsd (-bSrd); 
CuMBBRiNG.] To cl(W ; to burden ; to embarrass ; 
to trouble ; to impe<jte. — Ovm'bttr-Mniie (-slim), 
a. Burdensome. — Onni ' branoe ( - brans ), n. 
An encumbrance; a hindrance. — Gvm'broiUI 
(-brtis), o. Burdensome ; embarrassing. 

Gnm'lll (k&mTn), h. A dwarf plant, bearing aro- 
matic seeds. 

On'mn-latO (ku'mfi-lat), v. t. To heap U^ether ; 
to amass.— Gn'mn-la-tlve (-It-tlv), a. Form- 
ing a mass ; giving force by successive addition. 

Gnn^nlng (kon'nTng), a. Artful; sly; wily-, 
crafty; ddllfully wrought; ingenious; curi- 
ous. ^». The use of stratagem to accomplish 
a puipose ; deceit ; art ; craft. 

Gvp (kttp), n. A small vessel used to drink from ; 
a cupful; pL excessive drinking; revdnr; a 
glass for cupping. ^ v. t. [Cuffbo (ktfpt) ; 
CuFPmo.1 To bleed by scarification. — Gup'- 
beai'tr Gl^tr'Sr), n. One who fills cups at a 
feast — Olip'board (kttb'bSrd), n. A closet for 
cups, etc. — Gvp'piiu:, n. A mode of bleediug. 

Gn-pldl-ty (kfi-pTd'T-ty), n. Eager desire, esp. 
for wealth; covetousness ; lust. 

Gv'po-la (ku'p^-l&), n. A small dome ; a vaulted 

Gnr (kQr), n. A degenerate dog ; worthless, snarl- 
ing fellow. — Gnr^Sh, a. Quarrelsome ; churl- 
ish; morose. 

Gnr'a-ble (kur'A-bM), a. Capable of being cured. 
— Gnr'a-ble-neiNi, n. 

Gv'ratO (ku'rat), n. An assistant to a rector or 
vicar. — Gn^a-cy {-Tk-«$\ n. Office of a curate. 

Gnj'a-tlve (kur'A-tTv), a. Tending to cure disease. 

Gn-ra'tor (kfi-rS'tSr), n. A superintendent; a 
trustee ; a guardian. 

Gnrb (kdrb), v. t, [Gurbbd (klhrbd) ; Curbino.] 
To bend to one*s will ; to restrain ; to confine ; 
to control; to check. —-n. Check; hindrance; 
part of a bridle ; retaining wall or stone. — 
tlnxb'StOlie' (-ston^), n. A stone placed edge- 
wise against earth or stone work to prevent its 
giving way. 

Gurd (kCtrd), n. The coagulated part of milk or 
of any liquid, —v. i. To curdle ; to congeal. — 
^ v. t. To become thickened ; to separate into 
curds and whey. 

Gni'dle (kfir'dn), v. i. & t. To thicken. 

Gnre (kur), n. Spiritual charge ; care of souls ; 
medical care; treatment of disease; restora- 
tion to health ; remedy ; restorative. ^ v. t. 
[Cubed (kurd) ; Cubing.] To heal ; to restore 
to health, soundness, or sanity ; to remedy ; to 
preserve by drying, salting, etc. ^ v. i. To be 
healed. — OnnKleas, a. Incurable. — Gni'er, n. 

Gmffew (ktiKfu), n. An evening bell. 

Gtttl-ons (ku'rl-tts), a. Careful; artfully con- 
structed ; inquisitive ; singular. — Gn^-ons-lTf 

ISnif raoent, Orb, nide, f^^ ftm, food, fcn»t, oat, oil, diair, go, sins, iQk, then, tbia, 





adv. — Onlrl-oni-ness (ku'rT-tta-nSs), ». ^ On'- 
ll-Olfl-ty {-WX-tf)j n. State of being ourioua ; 
inquisitiveness ; thing fitted to excite attention. 

Ovxl (kfirl), V. L & i, [CuBLBD (ktbrld) ; Gubl- 
IMO.I To form or bend into ringlets.— n. A 
ringlet. — Gurl^ {-f)t o- Having curlB ; tend- 
ing to curL ~ Guri'l-ness, n. 

Ouxlew (kfiraS), n. A long-billed wading bird. 

Our-mnd'goon (ktlr- 
miid ' jfin ), 91. A 
churlish fellow. 

Ovx'rant (kttr'nmt), 
n. A dried grape: 
a shrub and ito acid 

Outent (kttr'rent), 
a. Running or mov- 
ing rapidly; now 
pfluasing or present; 
generally received; 
common, ^n. A 
stream ; general 
course; ordinary 
procedure. — Gu/ront-lyt odv. In a current 
manner; commonly. — Gur' rent- neiw, n. — 
OlU/ren-oy (-rfin-sj^), n. State or quality of 
being -current ; general acceptance ; circulation ; 
general estimation ; money. 

Ou'ry (^tlr^^)* v. L [Cubbied (-rTd) ; Gusrt- 
INO. J To dress (leather) by scraping, cleansing, 
smoothing, coloring, etc. ; to comb or cleanse 
the skin of (a horse, etc.). — Gur'ry-OOmb' 
(-kSm^), n. An instrument for cleaning horses. 

OllI^ (kttr'rj^), n. A sauce used in India, con- 
taining strong spices ; a stew cooked with curry 
sauce. — V, t. To cook (rice, etc.) with curry. 

Onise (kfirs), V, i, [Cubsbd (kdrst) or Cubst; 
Cdbsimo.] To wish evil against ; to injure ; to 
aflUct.— V. i. To swear, ^n. Imprecation of 
evil-; aflSiction; torment. — Gnrs'od (-M)t a* 
Execrable; hateful; abominable. 

OWso-ryCkOr'si-TJ^), a. Hasty ; hurried ; slight ; 
superflciaL — Gu'SO-rl-ly (-si-rT-Ij^), adv. 

Onrt (ktirt), a. Short ; concise ; abrupt ; crusty. 

Our-tall' (Kfir-tal'), V. t. To cut short ; to abridge. 

OnzHaln (kih/tTn), n. A movable cloth screen 
to darken or conceal. ^ v. t. [Cubtainbd 
(•tlnd); CuBTAiinNO.] To inclose or furnish 
with curtains. 

Ovxt'SY (kii'rfs]^), n. &v.t. Bee CIoubtbst. 

Onnre (kthr), a. Bent without angles ; crooked ; 
curved. —n. A bending with- 
out angles ; anything Iwnt. ^ 
v.t.&i, [Gubvbd (kdrvd) ; /s,— 

Cub VI NO.] To bend; to ^^n. 

crook.— Gvryate (kflr'vtt), GnrMra-ted (-vft- 

t6d), a. Bent regularly ; curved. — Gnr-va'- 
tion (-vS'shOn), n. A bending. — Gu/va-tlire 
(kdr'vt-ttir), n. Abend ; a curve. 

Ovrvl-lln'e-al (kfir^vT-iTn't-ai), GnrM-lln'e-ar 

(-&r), a. Gonsisting of or bounded by curves. 
Olir'vl-ty (kflr'vl-ty), n. Gurvature. " 
Onsh'ion (kddsh'On), n. A stuffed bag or case ; 

a pillow. — V. t. To furnish with cushions. 

Onap (kiisp), n. A projecting point in an arch ; 
the point of the new moon ; the meeting point of 
curves. — Gua^-dal (ktts'pl-dal), GlU^l-datO 
(-d&t), Gns'pl-da'ted (•da'tSd), a. Having a 
sharp end ; acute. 
Gnalpl-dor (kiis^I-dSr), n. A spittoon. 
Gna'Tard (kiis'tSrd), n. A dish of milk, eggs, 

sugar, etc. 
Gna'tO-dy (kfisOd-dj^), n. A keeping or guard- 
ing; .confinement; imprisonment. — Gua-to'dl- 
al (-tS'dT-al), a. Belating to custody. — Gua- 
to'di-an (-an), n. A keeper ; a supermtendeut. 

Oaa'tom (k&s'tfim), n. Way of acting ; habitual 
practice ; business support ; patronage ; usage ; 
fashion; pL duties on commodities impoited 
into or exported from a coimtry. — OnatOIII-cr, 
n. A buyer.— Gnatom-a-ry (-^1*3^)1 <>• Accord- 
ing to custom ; conventional. — Gna^tom-a-Xl-ly 
(-a-rl-l^), adv. Habitually. — Gnatom-lionao' 
(-hobs'), n. A building where customs and duties 
are paid, and vessels are entered or cleared. 

Out (ktlt), v.L&i. [Cut ; Cuttino.] To make 
an incnion (in) ; to divide ; to hew ; to carve ; 
to wound, ^n. A cleft ; a gash ; a wound ; an 
engraved block or print made from it ; division ; 
shape ; style ; fashion. — Gutter, n. One who 
cuts ; a cutting instrument ; a light rowboat ; 
a sloop-rigged, swift-sailing vessel ; a one-horae 
rfeigh. — Gnftlng, a. Severe; pimgent.— n. 
Act of one who cuts ; a piece cut off or out ; an 
opening cut through. — Out'-oH' (kfif Sf), n. 
That which cuts on or shortens ; a short cut ; 
a valve gearing which cuts off the steam from 
entering the cylinder of an engine when the 
stroke is partly made ; a device for changing 
or stopping a current in a spout. 

Gn-ta'ne-ona (k6-ta'nt-tts), a. On or of the akin. 

Gute (kut), a. Glever ; keen ; sharp. \Colloq.'] 

Gu'tl-ole (kutT-k'l), n. The outer skin ; epider- 
mis ; eittemal covering of the bark of a plant. 

Gntlaaa (kOtnas), n. A broad, curving sword. 

Ontler (kfit^er), n. One who deals in cutlery. 
— Glltler-y (-ISr-j^), n. The business of a cut- 
ler ; cutting instruments in general. 

Gntlot (kfiflSt), n . A piece of meat for broiling. 

OnttliroaV (kfifthrSt^), n. One who cuU 
throats ; a murderer ; an assassin. 

Giitme (kfit^U), Gurtle-fiak' (-Hsh'), n. A 
molluscous animal, having ten arms, by which 
it attaches itself to other bodies. [prow. 

Gllt'wa'ter (ktit'wf/tSr), n. Fore part of a ship's 

Gy'ole (si'kU), n. A circle or orbit; a bicycle, 
tricycle, or other velocipede. — v. i. To pass 
through a cycle of changes ; to recur in cycles ; 
to ride a bicycle, etc. — Oy'oler (sildSr), Gy'- 
Ollat (-klTst), n. One who rides a cycle. 

Gy-olam'e-ter (st-klSm'i-tSr), n. A device to 
record the revolutions of a wheel, and so the 
distance traveled. 

Oyolone (si^klSn), n. An extensive rotatory 
storm or whirlwind. 

Gy'olo-pe'an (sT^kld-pS'on), a. Pertaining to the 
Cyclops ; huge ; vast ; massive. 

Oy'olo-pe'di-a (Bi'ki«-p8'dT-4), Gyolo-'pa'dl-B, n. 

a»S,I,9,1l,loiig; A,«,I,5,a,t,eliort; ■ellAte,«▼eat,tdaa,6bey,flnite,oAI•,lirll^&dE,||]l•fla^ 




The circle or compass of art and Bolenoe ; a dic- 
tionary of arts and sciences, or of 
some one of them ; an encyclopedia. 
— Oy'OlO-ped'lo (-p8d1k or -pe'dXk), 
a. Extended; comprehensiye. 

Oyff'net (sTg'nSt), n. A young swan. 

Oyrln-deir (sXl'In-dSr), n, A long cir- 
cular body of uniform diameter. ^~ 
Oy-lln'dllo ( sT -Itn' drtk ), Gy-lln'- 
drlC-al (-drt-kal), a. Of the form of ^^^^"^ 
a cylinder. ' 

Oymtial (sTm'balX n* A musical instrument, 
consisting of metallic plates, which are clashed 

Oyme (dm), »• A flat-topped or oouTex flowor 

Oyn'lO (sXnntk), Oyn'iO-al (-¥-kal), a. Having 
the qualities of a surly dog ; snarlmg ; captious ; 
surly ; austere. — Oyn'lGi n. A morose person ; 
a snarler ; a misanthrope. — Oyn'l-clini (-elz'm^ 
n. The conduct of a cynic. 

Gy^ess (si'prSs), n. A coniferous tree, anciently 
used at funerals, and an emblem of mourning. 

Ozar (zSr), n. A kine ; a chief ; a title of the em- 
peror of Russia. [Written also tzarS] — Oza- 
rllia (z&-re'n&), n. The empress ox Russia. — 

. Ozar^O-witzCzaj-'d-wTts or tsSr'ft-v^h), fi. The 
eldest son of the czar of Russia. 


Dab (dSb), V. t, [Dabbkd (dSbd) ; Dabbino.] To 
strike gently, as with the hand or something 
soft or moist. ^ n. A light blow with the hand 
or a soft substance ; a. small mass of something 
soft or moist. — DahHiwr, n. 

Dab (dSb^, n. A dabster ; an expert. 

Dab (dSb), n. A flsh of the flounder kind. 

DaVble (dfib'bU), v. t. To wet; to spatter; to 
sprinkle. ^ v. i. To play in water ; to work 
slightly ; to meddle. — Dal/bler, ». 

DaM (dSs), n. A small river fish. 


BDaobsOlimd' (d&ksHivnf ), n. A small dog, with 
short crooked legs and long body ; a badger dog. 

Dao'tyl-oPo-gy (dSk/tTl-8F«-J3^), n. A meth<^ of 
talking by motions of the hand and fingers. 

Da^dO (da'dft or dS/dt)^ n. ; pi. Dadoes (-doz). 
The square part in the pedestal of a column ; 
the base of a wall decorated with moldings. 

DairfO-dU (dif'f»-dTl), n. A bulbous plant, bear- 
ing flowers, usually yellow ; narcissus. 

Daft (d&ft), a. Delirious ; insane ; foolish. 

Dafl^'gtr (dSg'gSr), n. A short sword ; in print- 
ing, a reference mark [t] ; — called aliso obelisk. 

Da-gnerre'o-type ( d&-gSr6-tip ), n. A khid of 

photograph, on silvered copper. ^ v. t. To take 
such a picture, of. 

Dablla (cliU'y& or dal^&), n. A Mexican flower- 
ing plant. 

Dai^y (dSny), a. Happening or belonging to 
eacn successive day ; diurnal. — n. A publica- 
tion which appears every day. — adv. Every 
day; day by day. 

Daln^ (dSnHj^), a. Delicious to the taste ; ele 

gant ; nice ; ovemice ; fastidious ; squeamish. — 
n. / pi. Daintibs ( -tTz ). Anything delicious ; a 
delicacy. —Dainti-ly, adv. — Daintl-neas, n. 

Dai'ty (da'rj^}, n. A place for keeping milk and 
making it mto butter or 
cheese; the business of 
ma^ng butter and cheese. 

Dai'sy (da'zj^), n, A low, 
flowering herb. 

Dale (dal), ». A low place 
between hills ; a vale. 

Daiay (dai'iy), V. i. [Dai^ 
LiiD ( - ltd ) ; Dallying. ] ^"^y- 

To linger ; to delay ; to fondle. — Dal11-tr, n. 

Dam (dSm^, n. A female parent ; — used of beasts. 

Dam (dSm), n. A mole or frame to obstruct the 
flow of water, —v. /. [Dammed (dSmd) ; Dam- 
ming.] To restrain the fiow of (water, etc.) by 
a dam ; to shut up ; to confine. 

Dam'afl^e (dfimfaj), n. Injury or harm; hurt; 
loss ; pi. compensation for a wrong or injury 
done to another, —v. t. To hurt ; to injure. 

Dam'ask (dSm'ask), a. Pertaining to, or origi- 
nating at, the city of Damascus ; having the pink 
color of the damask rose. •— n. A woven fabric 
(silk, linen, or woolen), having a pattern, but 
uncolored ; the steel made in ancient Damascus, 
also its peculiar marking. 

Dame (dam), n. A mistress of a family; a ma- 
tron ; a lady ; a mistress of a school. 

Damn (dSm). v, L [Damned (dSmd or dSm'nSd) ; 
Damnino (dfim^ng or dSm'nXng).] To con- 
demn ; to adjudge to punishment or death ; to 
condemn to eternal punishment ; to censure. 

Damp (dSmp), a. Moderately wet; moist; humid, 
^n. Moisture ; humidity ; depression ; discour- 
agement.— v. t. [Damped (dSmt) ; Damping.] 
To moisten ; to render chilly ; to depress ; to de- 
ject ; to discourage. — Damp^en (dfimp^'n), v. L 
& i. To make or become damp or moist. — 
Damp'er (dim'per), n. That which damps or 
checks, as a valve to reg^ulate the draught of air 
or check action in a machine. — Damp^ness, n. 

Iin« noeoti llib» rude, fyll, Am, f <RBd, f dbt, out, oil, diair, go, siii^ ink, ttieD» ihbk. 




Dam'sti (dXm'sSl), n, A girl or young woman. 

Dam'son (dSm'z'n), ». A amall black plum. 

Danoe (d&ns), v. «. [Dakoxd (d&nst) : DAVoiHa 
(dAn'sTng).] To move with measured steps^ or 
to musical accompaniment ; to caper ; to fnsk. 
^ V. t. To cause to danoe ; to dandle, —n. A 
moving to the sound of music ; a tune by which 
dancing is regulated. — Dan'cer (dAn'sSr), n. 

Dan'de-U'on ( cUb^'d^-lI'iiu ), n. A plant, with 
yellow compound flowers. 

Dan'dle (dSn'd'l), v, t. To toss (a child) on the 
knee ; to fondle ; to pet. — Dan'dlar, n» 

Dan'drnll (dSn'driif ), n. Scurf on the head. 

Dan'dy (dSu'dj^, n. A fop ; a coxcomb. 

Dan'ger (dSn'jer), n. Peril ; hazard ; risk ; jeop- 
ardy.— Dan'ger-on8 (-fis), a. Attended with 
danger ; perilous ; unsafe ; causing danger. 

Dan'gle (dSn'g'l), v. i. To hang loosely, or with 
a waving or jerking motion. — v. t. To swing. 

Dap'per (dSp'per), a. ^ttle and active. 

Dapple (dSp'p'l), n. One of the spots on a dapple 
animal. ^ a. Marked with spots of different 
shades of color ; variegated ; mottled. 

Dare (dfir), v. i, [imp. Durst (dfirst) or Dabxd 
(dftrd) ; p, p, Dabed ; Dabino.I To have cour- 
age ; to venture. — > v. t. To challenge ; to brave. 

Dark (dSrk), a. Wanting light ; obscure ; hidden ; 
wicked. — n. Absence of light; obscurity; igno- 
rance; secrecy. — Darkly, adv. — DarkfiiMMm 
n. — Dark'en (d8rk''u), v.t. &L To make or 
become dark. — Dark'y (-j^), n. A negro. 

DarllUjg (dSr^Yng), n. One dearly beloved; a 
favorite. — a. Dearly beloved. 

Dam (dSm), V. t. [Daiinsd (damd) ; Dabnino.] 
To mend (a rent or hole) by imitating the tex- 
ture of the cloth with thread and a needle. ^ 
n. A place mended by darning. 

Darfnel (dlir'ngl), n. A grass, including rye graas. 

Dart (dSrt), n. A i)ointed missUe weapon; a 
fish, the dace. ^ v. t. To throw ; to shoot ; to 
hurl. — V. i. To fly, as a dart ; to shoot rapidly. 

Dask (dSsh), V. t. [Dashbd (dSsht) ; Dashino.] 
To throw violently. -• v. t. To rush violently ; 
to collide. — n. A collision ; crash ; ruin ; a sud- 
den onset ; flourish ; parade ; a printer's mark 
[ — ], indicating a brei^ or stop in a sentence. 

Daa'tard (dXs^tSrd), n. One who meanly shrinks 
from danger ; a poltroon. — a. Cowardly — 
Dastard-ly, a. Meanly timid ; sneaking. 

Date (dat), n. Time of an event ; epoch. ^ v. t. 
To fix the time of. -^v. i To have beginning. 

Date (dat), n. The fruit of the date palm ; also, 
the tree itself. —Date palm. Date tree. A 
tropical tree, bearing dates. 

Daub (dftb), V. t, &. i. [Daubed (d^bd) ; Daub- 
ing.] To paint coarsely ; to smear ; to dis- 
guise; to conceal. ^n. A sticky application; 
a smear ; a coarse painting. — DauVer, n. 

Dangk^er (da^r), n. A female child or de- 
scendant. — DaUgk'ter-llL-law' (-Tn-l^^), n. 
The wife of one^s son. 

Daunt (dSnt^, v. t. To repress or subdue the cour- 
age of ; to dismay ; to intimidate. — DauitleSBf 
a. Bold; fearless; intrepid. 



a a Davits. 

Dav'it (dXv^t or dS^rTt), n. 

projecting from a ship's 

side, for hoisting a boat, 

anchor, etc. 
Daw (dfi), n. A European 

bird of tiie Grow family ; a 


Dawdle (dft'dU), v. i. & t. 
To waste time in trifling 
employment, to trifle. — 
Daw'alar (-dler), n. 

Dawn (dftn), V. i. [Dawnbd 
(d^nd); Dawkino.] To be- 
gin' to grow light in the 
morning; to begin to open 
and ^ve promise. — n. The break of day ; first 
openmg or expanaion ; beginning; rise. 

Day (da), n. The time from sunrise to sunset ; the 
period of the earth's revolution on its axis, — 
divided into 24 hours ; a specified time or period. 
— DaykOOk' (-bd6k0, n. A book recording the 
accounts of the day. — Day'kreak' (-briik'), n. 
The first appearance of light in the monung ; 
dawn. — DayligkV (-lit/), n. The light of 
day, or of the sun. — Daytune' (-timO* n. The 
time between sunrise and sunsetting. 

Daze (dSz), V. t. [Dazbd (dazd) ; Daziko.1 To 
overpower with light ; to dazzle ; to bewilder. 

Daz'Zle (dSz'z'l), v, t. To overpower with light ; 
to surprise with brilliancy, or display. 

Dea'COn (dS'k'n), n, A subordinate church offi- 
cer. — Dea'COn-esa (dS'k'n-fis), n. A female 
deacon ; a woman who assists m church work. 

Dead (dSd), a. Destitute of life ; inanimate ; 
cheerless; monotonous; not imparting moti<m 
or x)ower. — (uf v. To the last degree; com- 
pletely ; wholly ; exactly. ^ n. A period of pro- 
found quiet or gloom ; pi. those who are d«id ; 
the departed. — Dead'ly (-Ij^), a. Causing 
death ; mortal ; fatal ; implacable, ^adv. So as 
to resemble or occasion death ; destructively ; 
mortally. — Dead'en (dSd''n), v. t. [Dbadbmbd 
(-'nd) ; Dkaoenimo.] To make dead, lifeless, or 
spiritless ; to blunt ; to retard ; to obscure. 

Deal (dSf or def), a. Wanting the sense of hear- 
ing ; unwilling to hear ; not to be persuaded. — 
Deaf'neas, n. —Deafen (dSf'n or dSf 'n), v. t. 
[Dbafemed (-'nd) ; Deafbnino.] To make deaf ; 
to stun ; to render (a floor, partition, etc.) im- 
pervious to sound, by lining it with mortar, etc. 
— Deaf'en-lng,a. Distressingly loud.— Deaf- 
mute' (-mut^), n. One who is deaf and dumb. 

Deal (del), n. Part; portion; share; indefinite 
quantity, degree, or extent ; division or distri- 
bution of canls, or portion distributed to each 
player ; division of a piece of timber by sawing ; 
board ; plank ; wood of pine or fir trees. — > v. t. 

S Dealt (dSlt); Dbauno.] To distribute; to 
ivide; to bestow. — v. t*. To make distribu- 
tion ; to traffic ; to trade. — Deal'er, n. — Deal'- 
Inc, n. The act of one who deals ; distribution 
(ofoards, etc.) ; business ; traffic ; transaction. 
Dean (den), n. An ecoleaUstical dignitary, aub- 
ordinate to a bishop ; an officer of a college. 

Bi 9, 1, 3, a, long { A, ^ 1, 6, a, j^t short ; lenAte, « vent, tdea, Obey, ttnifee, oAie* linn, Ask, ||1U flBa^ 




DaiT (dSr), a. Beloved ; coetly ; precious, •^adv. 
Dearly , at a high rate. ^n. A dear one ; a dar- 
ling. — Deax^ly, adv, — Deax^noMm n. 

DearHMmi (dSr'bSm), n. A light four-wheeled 
carriage, with curtained sides. 

Dsartll (derth), n. Scarcity which renders dear ; 
want; need; poverty. 

Doatll (dfith), n. Extinction of life; decease; 
manner of dying. — Deatb'leiS} a. Undying; 
immortal. — Deathly} a. Resembling death or 
a dead body; deadly; fatal. — DeatnaMd^ n. 
The bed of a dying person ; the last sickness. 

Db-Imu:^ (de-WirO, v. L [Dbbabbbd (-biirdO ; Da- 
BABKuro.l To hinder ; to exclude ; to deny. 

De-lKUO' (de-bas'), v. t. [Dkbasbo (-bast/) ; Ds- 
BAsiNO.] To reduce from a higher to a lower 
state ; to lower. — De-lMUM'ment, n. Degrada- 

De-lMlte' (d^-bSf ), V. t, & i. To dispute ; to dis- 
cuss; to controvert.— n. Contention ; dispute ; 
controversy. ~DB-lMlferf n. 

Da-lMllOlL' (dd-bftch'), V. t. & i. [DBBAncHBO 

(-bt^htO; Dbbauohuvo.] To corrupt; to mar; 

to pollute; to seduce. ^n. Excess; lewdness. 

— De - iMIloll / er - 7 (-Sr-y )« »• Intemperance ; 

• habitual lewdness. 

De-U11-ty (d«-bTlT-tj^), ». The state of being 
feeble or weak ; want of strength ; languor. — 
De-hill-UtO (d^b¥11-tat), v. t. To weaken. 

DoVlt (dfib^Tt), n. Debt ; debtor dde of an ac- 
count.— v. <. [Dsbxtsd; Dkbitino.] Tochai^ 
with debt. 

ijDd'lirlS' (d&^breOt n Ruins; rubbish; frag- 
ments from a rock piled up at the base. 

Dobt (dSt), n. What is due from one person to an- 
other; obligation; liability. — Deht'or (-er), n. 

llDA'lnit' (da'b^O* ^ A beginning or first at- 
tempt ; a first appearance (of an actor, etc.). 

Doc^ade (dSk'&d), n. The sum or number of ten. 

De-ca'denoe (de-kSMens), De-ca'den-oy (-d«n- 

sjh, n. Decay ; fall ; deterioration. 
De(/a-gOll (dSk'&-g8n), n. A plane fig^ure of ten 
sides and ten angles. 

Deo'a-gram (d8k'4-grSm), Deo/a-gramme, n. A 

weight of the metric system; 10 grams, or 

about 154.32 grains avoirdupois. 
DeCa-lie'droil (dSk'i-he'drSn), ». A solid figure 

or body having ten sides. 
Dec'a-ll'tar (d6k'&-is:|gr or d«.kSl^-ter), DeCa- 

ll'tre, n. A measure of capacity in the metric 

system ; a cubic volume of 10 liters or 610.24 

cubic inches, or 2.642 wine gallons. 
DaCa-lOCUe (dSk'4-ll%), n. The ten command- 


Deo^a-mo'ter (dSk/A-mS'tSr), Deo'a-me'tre, n. A 

measure of length in the metric system, being 
10 meters or 393.71 inches. 

De-Gamp^ (dt-kSmp^* v. i. [DscAimED (-kSmf) ; 
Dbcakpikg.'] To move away from a camp ; to de- 
part suddenly. — DflhOailip'meiltfn. Departure. 

D»HMULt/ (dt-kSnf^, V. t. To pour off (liquor 
from its sediment) ; to pour from one vessel mto 
another. — De-oant'er (-kSnt^Sr), n. A vessel 
for holding liquors. 

De-capt-tate (d^kXp/1-tfit), v. t. To cut off the 
head of ; to behead. — De-oap'l-tatlon (-T-tS' 
shfin), n. The act of beheading. 

Dac/a-pod (d6k'A-p5d), n A crustacean with ten 
feet or legs, as the crab. —a. Having ten legs. 

De-cay' (dl-ka/), v. i. [Dbcatkd (-kSd'); Db. 
CATiMO.] To pass from a sound state to one of 
impei^ection or dissolution ; to fail ; to rot ; to 
perish. — n. Failure of health or soundness. 

De-ceaae/ (dt-ses/), n. Departure ; death. ^ v. i. 
[Dbcbasbd (-sest^) ; Dscbabimo.] To die. 

De-oeit' (d^-sef), n. An attempt or disposition 
to deceive ; fraud ; imposition. — De-oelt^nl 
(-set'ful), a. Full of deceit ; fraudulent. — De- 
oeitlnl-iy, adv. — De-ceit^fnl-ness, n. 

De-ceive' (dt-Bevf), v. t. [Dbcbivbo (d^-sevd') ; 
Dbcsivino.] To lead into error ; to impose upon ; 
to delude ; to disappoint. — De-oelv'er, n. 

De-eemnber (d^-sSm^bSr), n. The twelfth (origi' 
nally the tenth) and last month in the year. 

De'cen-oy (de^sen-sj^), n. The state or quality of 
being decent ; propriety ; fitnes»{ modesty. 

De-cen'na-ry (de-sSn'n&-rj^), n. A period of ten 
years. — De-cen'ni-al (-nl-al), a. Consisting of 
ten years ; happening every ten years. 

Descent (dS's«nt), a. Suitable or. becoming ; re- 
spectable; fit; proper; seemlyl — Do/cent-ly, 
adv. — De/cent-neas, n. 

De-cq^on (d^-sSp^shfin), n. The act of deceiv- 
ing or misleading ; the state of being deceived ; 
artifice ; cheat ; fraud ; imposition. — De-oep'- 
tlve (-tTv), a. Tending to deceive ; misleading. 

De-oide/ (dd-sidO, v. L & i. To determine ; to 
settle ; to conclude. — De-old'ed, a. Free from 
doubt or wavering ; determined ; positive ; un- 
deniable ; clear. — De-cid'ed-l7, cuiv. 

De-old'n-ons (d^-sTd'u-fis), a. Falling off every 
season ; not perennial or permanent. 

Decl-giam (dgs^T-grSm), Dec'l-gramme, n. A 
weight in the metric system, one tenth of a 
gram, equal to 1.54 gi'ains avoirdupois. 

Decl-ll-ter (dSst-le't^r or d«-sT11-tSr), Deo^- 
ll'tre, n. A measure of capacity in the metric 
system, one tenth of a liter, equal to 6.1 cubic 
inches, or 3.38 fluid ounces. 

Deo/l-mal (dSs^t-mal), a. Pertaining to decimals ; 
numbered or proceeding by tens. — n. A num- 
ber expressed in the scale of tens ; a decimal 
fraction. — Decimal fractlcns. Fractions in 
which the denominator is some power of 10, as 
^, ^ct OQd is not expressed, but signified by a 
point at the left of the numerator, as, .2, .25. — 
Decl-mal-ly, adv. 

Dec1-iiie'ter« Dec'l-iiie'tre (dSsT-mS'tSr or d^- 
sTm^-ter), n. A measure in the metric system^ 
being the tenth of a meter, or 3.937 inches. 

De-d'plier (d^-si'fSr), v. t. [Decifrkbed (-fSrd) ; 
Dbciphehikg.] To translate from a cipher into 
intelligible terms ; to explain ; to reveal. 

De-Ci'slon (d^-sTzhlln), n. Determination ; set- 
tlement ; conclusion ; report of a legal adjudi- 
cation ; quality of being decided. — De-Ol'siVO 
(d^-sT'sTv), a. Having the power or quality of 
deciding a question ; final ; conclusive ; positive. 

Orbf nide^ ffdlf ftnit f dbd, f dbt, out. oO. diair, go, ibis, inkf ttieD» fbiiu 

-_SMiruT«-ir (dt^i'iiT-if), adv. - 

lUD (dBkt): D 

Tuaei) wiu a oeci. — n. The floodtka oovei- 
lnR or dlvLuon of a ihip ; m puk of c^rda. ' 
»Ml»to' (df-klim'), tJ. i. [DinjIMBD (klimd') ; 
DuLAUUHfl.] Tt> ipeak rhel«rlcal]y ; to aa^e 
a formal orMiop ; to haruifue L to talk pom' 
pokihlv ; to rant. — Dc^olAUn'ar, ti. — D»'- 
li-mitl<ni (d«k'li-mi'ihliD|, n. Act or art 
of dficlaimlng ; set Hpasch or harvigua. — De- 
alam'a-t^'iT (dt-kllm't-M-rJ!). o. Feitaiulng 

St^alan' (dt-kkr'), r. f. & i. [Dboubu 
<;kl8r*); DicuaiM.] To make known pub- 


Iiue: aaiertion: i 
p-Ulrfl-trv), I 
leaking deelaratlo 

A'U-rl'lIian), n 

; afflrmatL 


of a word, w 
S*«llil«' (J*- 

faUlugoff ; a tfludencf to a worte itate ; dlmlnu- 
tlon ; deccY ; coummptlon. — St-cUn't-Ua, a. 

DMlllT'l-tir(<W-klIVI-lJ),«. Inclln»Sion down- 
ward; ilope. — B»*Il'»OM(-kM'TKt], D»-«U»'- 
l-toni (-kUTl-tils), 0. Bradually descending- 

DC-WMf (dt-k»t^, tJ. I. To prepare by boULng ; 
to digut. — Dfrdootloil (-kn'atiliii), n. A. boil- 
ing : a preparaCiao made by boiling. 

D»40l'or (dUU'Sr), V. (. to deprlTe of color; 
lo bleach. — D»««l'oi^tlai (-klU'Sr-fitattn), 

Dfoom-gou' (dS'kSm-pSi^, v. i. To reaolTC 

tolution. — Da-oom'po-il'tlim (-kOm'^-iIih'- 
to), n. The re«olTing a compound into ele- 

OWO-nita (dSk't-rit). V. (. lodeck; toidom; 
lo embellish; to oraamant. — DM' a-n'tlOD 

— l4o'wi-tlTe(tiek'4-r*-tri),'a. Hulloiitooni- 
1 belliab; adorning- — Dwi'D-n'tBr(-rS'tSr), n. 
iSe-OVroW (dt-kS'rOt^dr dA^-). a, BeaomJDg ; 


OMnp^t <dt.k[«pnt), a. Vombrin£rmitiai<< 
age. — Jiu-altyirtait (-I-tod), ■- Bodily In- 

Dmij' (df-kri'), p. (. [Diciu»d (-krid'l ; D«c«t- 

— D(-SI1'k1 (-111), n. CenBure; diaparigetuunt. 
SaoUpla Cdfik'H-p'll, a. Icnlold ; mulUpUad by 

To make tenfold ; to inultiplj by tan. 
Daa'l-uta(dSd'I-kEt], CI. To conaecrate ; to d» 
lote ; to inBcribe. — Dodf-ailBr (-kS'liPr), n. — 
Ilia'l-oitlan(-k£'ihI<n).n. Act of utting apart, 
consecrating, or appropriating ; an addren pr»- 

Dc-Unc*' (di-dus'), t>. L tDunrciD fdt-duit') : 
UanDOBO.] To draw (an hiference) ; to infer: 

Oa-dnat' (dt-dflkf I, c. (. to take away ; to aob. 
tract, — Da-dnomini (dt-dtik'Bhnn), n- A 
dedocbig, inlarringfdaduetliig, or taking away; 
iuleranosi GoocluNon; aiuttakanaway; abate- 
ment. — Ds^Wlftn (■dOk'ClT), n. Ofor per- 
taining to deductioiL—D^Aiottn-ly, adv. 

DMd(dU),)i. That wldcb la doiH;aati exploit; 
a aealed InfArtmteDt In writing, conTe^ng prap- 
eity.— t.l. To conyev or tnuilfer by deoa. 

Seam (dSm), v. i.Sii. [Doud (dSmd) ; Dnu. 

D wMSpj" a. -^ •""'■"• '«™"*- 

profound ; I 
cats; gi 

profoundly; deeply, ^n- 
jiiai niueu uiuDiii the deptli ; themldlt; the 
aea or ocean. — Dasp^y, adi. — fieap'neu, n. 
— Deap'sn (dRpi'ii), v. I. To make deep or 
deeper. ^ V. t. To become deeper. 
Dan (dSr), fl. jin;r. & pi- A. ruminant forest 
quadrvped buntec^ 



roT' 'to 

«. 1. [Dnraiiti 
(-fSmdM; Dwxh- 

De-UslV (d*-tnlt'). n. Omiwlon ; want : faHure. 
— V. i. To fall Is appear In oiiurt | to let a caM 
go by default. — V. i. To fall to pertonD: to 
call (a defendant, etc) and reconl his default. 





tf he faik to appear. -- De-favltfflTf n. One 
who makea default ; a delinquent ; a peculator. 

Bft-lMt' (dt-fef), V. /. To overcome or vanquish ; 
to overpower ; to subdue ; to foil ; to disap* 
point. — n. An overthrow ; rout ; frustration. 

De-f60t' (dt-fSktOt n. Want of something nec- 
essary for completeuess or perfection ; imper- 
fection ; blemish ; deformity. — De - f eo ' tlOB 
(-^k'shtSn), n. Abandonment of a person or 
cause; backsUding. — De-feot1ve (dS-fSk'tTv), 
a. Having defects; deficient; faulty. — Dd- 

f ootlve-ly, adv. — De-feotlve-aeis, n. 

De-fenoe', n. See Dutknsb. 

Dd-f0nd' (d^-fSudO, V* i' Tfo guard from injury ; 
to protect. — De-fend'ant (-ant), n. One who 
makes defense or opposes a complaint or charge. 

Dd-fenso' (d^flSnsO» DB-fenco'» n. Act of de- 
fending,* or state of being defended ; protec- 
tion from injury; vindication; justification. — 

De-fAnseaess, Do-fenoe'less, a. Destitute of 

defense ; unprotected. -^ Do-fsn'sl-blO (-fSn'sT- 
hh)f a. Capable of being defended. — De-fAn'- 
■lye(-sTv), a. Serving to defend. —n. That 
which defends ; safeguard ; state of defense. 

De-f«r' (d$-f8r0) v. /. [Doerbed (.fSrdO ; Ds- 
rsRBiNG.] To put off ; to delay ; tp postpone. 
^ V. «. To wait ; to yield out of respect. — 
De-ferter, »».— D«f'er-ence (dSf'^r-ens), n. 
Respect or concession to another ; regard ; com- 
plaisance. — Dafer-entlal (dSf^r-eu'shal), a. 
Bxpressing deference ; accustomed to defer. 

Do-fl'anoo (d^-fi'ans), n. A defying; a chal- 
lenge ; provocation. — De-fl'ant (-<mt), a. Full 
ot defiance ; bold ; insolent. 

De-fl'olent (d^flsh'ent), a. Wanting; faiade- 
quate ; defective ; imperfect ; short. — D6-fl'- 
dent-ly, cufi;.— De-fl^denoe (-«ns), De-fl'olen- 

Sf (-fTsh^en-sj^), n. Defect ; imperfection. 
1-eit (d6f^-slt), n. Deficiency ; lack. 

Do-file' (dlnfil' or de'fil), n. A narrow passage 
or way. ^ (d^-fH')? v. i. To march off, file by 
file ; to file off. 

De-filii' (d$-filO, V. t. To pollute ; to corrupt j to 
soil ; to debauch. — Dd-me'Oient (-ment), n. A 
defiling ; uncleanness ; pollution. — De-fU^eri n. 

De-filia' (d^fln'), v. t. To end ; to determine the 
boundaries of ; to mark out with distinctness ; 
to exhibit clearly ; to explain ; to interpret. — 
DB-fin'er, n. — De-lin'a-Dlo, a. 

Dafl-nlte (dSf^-nTt), a. Having certain limits; 
precise ; exact ; serving to define or restrict. 

Daf^l-nimon (d6f ^-nYsh'tin), n. Act of defining ; 
description of a thing by its properties ; expla- 
nation of the meaning of a word or term. 

De-Oeor (d^fiSktO. v. i. & t. To turn aside ; to 
deviate.— Do-fleotlon ( -flSk'shtin ), Do-floz'- 
vre (-flSks'fir), n. A tnmhig aside ; deviation. 

Do-fo'll-allOll (dt-fS'lT-a'Bhtin), n. The fall or 
shedding of leaves. 

De-form' (dft-fdrmOi v. /. [DraroBKED (-fdrmdO ; 
Dbpobming.] To mar or alter in form ; to dlsfig- 
ore; to deface; to make ugly. — Do-f oxm'er, n. 
— De-form'i-ty (-I-tj^), n. The state of being 
deformed; ugliness; defect; absurdity. 

Do-fnuid' (dt-frftdOt V. i- To deprive of right \tf 
fraud or artifice ; to cheat. — Do-fxand'OT, n. 

Do-lxay (dt-frS^), V. t, [DsnuTso (-frad') ; Db- 
VBATma.] To meet the cost of ; to bear the ex- 
pense of . — Do-lxayer, n.—Do-fra7'al (-fisc- 
al), Do-fiay'noilt, n. Payment of charges. 

Doft (d8f t). a. Apt ; dexterous. — Dott^Yf adv, 

Do-ranof (d^-ftlnkf ), a. Dead ; deceased. 

De-ty (d«-fiO« ^ '• [DnnD (-fid') ; Dbvtiho.] 
To due ; to challenge ; to brave. 

Do-gon'or-atO (dt-jSn'Sr-at), a. Having become 
worse than one's kind ; deteriorated ; degraded ; 
mean ; base ; low. •» v. i. To deteriorate ; to 
be degraded. — Do-gon'or-ato-ly, adv. 

Do-giade' (d^-grad'), v. t. To deprive of rank 
or title ; to abase ; to lower ; to reduce. — Do- 
crad'od, a. Reduced in character or reputa- 
tion; low; base.— Do-grad'lng-ly, otfv. In a 
degrading manner. — Dog^ra-ditlon ( dSg ' r4- 
dS'shihi), n. Loss of rank or vsdue ; di^raoe. 

Do-gZOO' (dt-grS')} n. A step ; position ; station ; 
rank; the Soth part of a circle ; 69} miles. 

Do-hll'OOnoO (d^-hYs'sens), n. Act of gaping; 
opening of pods and cells at maturity. — Do* 
Ua'OOllt (-s«nt), a. Opening, as a pod. 

Dot-tam (de'I-fdrm), a. Luce a god ; of godp 
like form. 

De'l-f7(dST-n), V. t. [Dbifibd (-fid) ; Dbifting.] 
To exalt to the rank of deity ; to render godlike. 

Deign (din), v. i. [Dkionxo (dand) ; Dbigning.I 
To think worthy ; to vouchsafe ; to condescend. 

Do'iSin (deOfz*m), n. Belief in God, but not in 
revelation. — Dotst (-Yst), n. An advocate of 
deism ; a freethinker. 

De'i-ty (deT-tj^), n. A divinity ; a god. 

De-JOGt' (dfi-jSkf), V. t. To cast down ; to dia- 
pirit ; to discourage ; to depress. — De-)0et'ed-l7» 
adv. In a dejected manner ; sadly. — Do-]oor- 
od-ness, n. — De-]eotioii (-jSk'shan), n. Low- 
nessof spirits; melancholy; disheartenment. 

De-lalne' C<l$-lSn'), n. A kind of dress goods. 

De-lay' (d^lS'), n. A putting ofl' ; procrastina- 
tion; hindrance; detention; stop. »t;. t. [De- 
lated (-lad') ; Dbljitino.1 To put off ; to de- 
fer ; to detain ; to hinder ; to prolong ; to 
protract. — v. i. To move slowly ; to linger. 

De-Iocta-Mo (dMSk't^-bU), a. Highly pleasing 
delightful. -DO'leo-ta'tlon (de^lSc-tS'shfin), n< 
Great pleasure ; delight. 

Del'O-gatO (dfil'i-gat), n. One sent to represent 
another ; a representative ; a deputy. — v. ^ 
To send as one's representative; to commis- 
sion ; to depute ; to intrust to the care of an- 
other ; to assign ; to commit. — a. Sent to act 
for another ; deputed. — Del ' - ga' tlon (-s^- 
shlin), n. A delegating ; one or more persona 
deputed to repiesent others ; a deputation. 

Dere-torri-ona (dSI'^tS'rT-iis or de'l^), a. De- 
structive; pernicious. 

Deli (dSlf), n. Earthenware, glazed. 

De-llVer-atO (d^-lTb'Sr-at), v.t. & i. To weigh 
in the mind ; to consider ; to ponder. — Do-llV- 
or-ate, a. Circumspect ; well considered ; slow. 

— De-llVor-ate-ly, adv. — De-llli'er-ate-noiav 

On* raoent, ttirt), rude, f^ ftnit fdbd, ftfiyt, out, oil, diair, go, sins, i||k« then, tliiik 




n.— ]>e-llVer-atioil(dMTb^r-S'ahtt]i),n. The 
act of deliberating ; mature reflection ; caution ; 
consultation. — Da-llVer-a-tlyd (-Sr-A-tIv), a. 
Pertaining to, or acting by, deliberation. 

D6Fi-catd (dSl^-k£t), a. I^ice; fine; consider- 
ate ; feeble ; frail ; tender ; didnty ; critical. — 
Ddl'l-oa-oy (-kA-sj^), n. Refinement of taste or 
sensibility ; elegance ; daintiness ; luxury. 

Pa-U'cions (de-lTsh'SLs), a. Affording exquisite 
pleasure; deligbtfuL — Da-li'oiOIU-ly, odv . 

D6-lig]it' (de-litO) n. Great joy or pleasure, or 
that which affords it.^v. t. To give great 
pleasure to ; to please highly, ^v. i. To have or 
take great pleasure. — Da-UglLf ed, a. Greatly 
pleased; charmed. — Dd-Ugllt'fnl (-ful), a. 
Delicious ; charming. — Da-liglLtflll-ly, adv, 

Pa-Un'a-ate (di-lln'S-at), v. t. To represent; 
to sketch ; to portray ; to depict ; to paint ; to 
draw; to describe. —Da-Un'O-a'tlOn (-a'shOu), 
n. A description ; a sketch; an outline.— Da- 
Un'o-a'tor (-lTn'«-a'tSr), n. 

Pa-lin'quent (de-lln^kw^nt), a. Failing in duty ; ' 
offendmg by neglect. «- n. A tran^ressor ; an 
offender ; a culprit. — Ds-Un'Quan-cy (-kwen- 
sj^), n. Failure of duty ; fault ; crime. 

D0-lll'i-111ll(dt-lTr^-iim),n. Derangement; men- 
tal aberration ; wild enthusiasm. — Do-Ul'l-OIUI 
(-ds), a. Having delirium ; insane. 

Da-llY'er (di-lTT'Sr), v. i, [Dslitsbbd (-Srd); 
DsuvxBiNO.] To free from restraint ; to set at 
liberty ; to rescue or save from evil ; to give or 
transfer; to communicate ; to impart ; to relieve 
of a child in childbirth. — Da-lly'er-«r, n. — 
Da-llY'er-ailce (-Sr-ans), n. Act of delivering ; 
state of being delivered; freedom; opinion or 
decision expressed. — Da-llv'er-y (-Sr-j^ )t n. Act 
of deliverii^ from restraint ; rescue ; release ; 
surrender; act or style of utterance; parturi- 
tion ; freedom ; preservation. 

Htm (dSl), n. A dale ; a valley ; a ravine. 

Del'ta (del'ti), n. The Greek letter A ; a tract 
of land between two mouths of a river. 

Da-lnde' (d£-lud'), v. t. To lead into error ; to 
mislead ; to beguile ; to cheat. — Da-lnd'er, n. 

Pel'ngd (dSl'tij), n. An inundation; a flood; esp., 
the flood in Noah's time ; a great calamity. «- 
V. t. [Deluged (-fijd); DELuama.] To over- 
flow ; to inundate ; to drown ; to overwhelm. 

De-ln'sion (de-lu'zhfin), n. Act of deluding; 
deception ; state of being deluded ; error ; illu- 
sion ; fallacy. — De-ln'slVd (-sTv), a. Fitted to 
delude ; deceptive ; delusory. 

Dolve (dSlv), V. t. [Delved (dSlvd) ; Delyimg.] 
To dig ; to penetrate ; to trace out. 

Dem'a-gOglie (dSm'&-g8g), n. One who controls 
the multitude by specious art? ; an artful poli- 

DO-mand' (de-m&nd'), V. t. To ask ; to claim ; to 
require; to be in urgent need of. ^r. t. To 
maJce a demand ; to inquire. ^ n. A demand- 
ing ; requisition ; question ; manifested want ; 

De^mar-ca'tlon (de'mSr-ka'shUn), De'mar-ka'- 

tlon, n. A division of territory ; a boundary. 

De-mean' (dt-mSn')t ^* '• [Dbmbabid (-mSndO^ 
DsHBAiriNO.] To manage ; to conduct ; to oonk- 
port (one's self). — Da-mean'or (-men'Sr), n. 
Conduct; behavior; deportment; bearing; mien. 

Do-monfed (dtl-mSnfSd), a. Insane; mad; of 
unsound mind. — ||D6-mentl-a (-mSn'shI-4), n. 
Insanity ; loss of reason ; idiocy. 

Da-mnr'it (d$-m6rTt), n. Misconduct; fault. 

Dan'i-ged (dSml-gSd), n. A deified hero. 

Deml-JOlui (d6mT-j5n), n. A large glass bottle, 
inclosed in wickerwork. 

Do-mlse' (d^-miz'), n. Death of a royal or illus- 
trious person; conveyance or transfer of an 
estate. ^ v. t. [Demised (-mizd') ; Demibuio.] 
To bequeath ; to bestow by wilL 

Da-mOG'ra-oy (di-m8k'r&-sj^), n. Government by 
the people, or by representatives .chosen by 
the people ; a republic ; the principles of one 
of the American political parties. — Dem'O-crat 

glSm'ft-krSt), n. An adherent of democracy. — 
em'0-cratlG (d6m'6-krSf Tk), Deiii'o-oraHo- 

al (-T-kal), a. Pertaining to, or favoring, de> 
mocracy.— Deill'O-Grat'lo-al-ly, adv. 

Da-mol'lsll ( d^-m51'T8h ), v. t. [Deholishbd 
(-Tsht) ; Demoushing.] To throw or pull down ; 
to ruin ;« to destroy. — Dem^O-lltian (d&n't- 
ITsh'iin), n. Act of overthrowing ; ruin. 

De'mon (de'mSn), n. An evil spirit ; a devil. — 
De-mo^-ao (-m5'nI-Sk),Deiii'o-]ii'ao-al(d8m'- 
ft-ni'A-kaH, a. Pertaining to, resembling, or 
produced oy, demons ; devilish. 

Dern'on-Btrate (d6m'5n-stxut or dt-m9n'strat), 
V. t. To prove fully or to a certainty ; to point 
out ; to exhibit ; to manifest. — Dem'on-stra'- 
tor (dSm'Sn-stra'ter), n. — Da-mon'8tra-to-ry 
(dt-mOn'strA-t^-rj^), sa-mon'stra-tlYd (-tlv), a. 
Tending to demonstrate ; conclusive ; f raiik ; 
open. — Da-mon'stra-tlva, n. A demonstrative 
pronoun ; a pronoun distinctly designating that 
to which it refers. — Dem^On-Btra'tton (d6m'- 
5n-stra'8hiin), n. Proof ; manifestation ; display 
of strength. 

Da-mor'atlze (di-m5r'al-iz), v, i. To destroy 
the morals of ; to corrupt in morals, discipline, 
courage, etc. — Da-mor'al-i-ia'tion ( - I-zS ' - 
shiin), n. Loss of morals, discipline, etc. 

Do-mnr' (dt-mfir') v. i. [Demurred (-mfird') ; Db- 
BfURRiNO.] To hesitate ; to pause ; to delay. -« 
n. Stop; hesitation; suspense. — De-mur'rer, 
n. One who demurs ; stoppi^ of a legal action 
by a point which the court must determine. 

De-mnre' (dS-murO, a. Grave ; affectedly mod- 
est. — Da-mnre'ly, adv. — De-mnre'ness, n. 

Den (dSn), n. A cave ; a beast's dwelling ; a re- 
treat ; a haunt. ^ t '. i. To dwell ; to inhabit. 

De-na'tion-al-lze (d^nSsh'Gn-al-Iz), v. t. To di- 
vest of national character or rights. 

Den'gne (dSn'gi), n. Breakbone fever, an epi- 
demic eruptive fever of the West Indies, Egypt, 
India, etc. 

De-nl'a-hle, De-nl'al. See under Dbht. 

Den'1-zen (dSnT-z'n), n. A citizen; a stranger 
admitted to residence in a foreign country; 
an inhabitant. 

C,e,I,o,a,long; ft, 6, 1.6. a, i^t short ;aeaAte,«vent, Idea, 6bey. finite, cftre,ilrm, Ask, nil, fliMi^ 




Do-noni'l-lUlta (d^-nSmT-nlt), V, t. To firive a 
name to ; to entitle ; to designate. —a. Haying 
a specific name. — Da-noml-nation (-na'slifin), 
n. Act of naming or designating; a name; 
a class, or collection of individuals, called by 
the same name ; a sect ; a title ; a category. — 
Da-nom'i-Iia^on-al (-<zl), a. Relating to a de- 
nomination. — Da-nom'i-iia-tlyd ( - n& - tTv ), a. 
Conferring a denomination or title. — Da-nom'- 
l-na'tor (-nS'ter), n. The giver of a name; 
a number below the line in fractions, showing 
how many parts the integer is divided into. 

So-note' (de-nof), V. t. To indicate ; to mark ; to 
signify ; to show. — Da-not'a-hle (-not'&-b'l), a. 
— De'no-ta'tlOll (de^n^-tS'shtin or dSn^^-), n. 
A marking off ; a separation. 

Do-nonnoo' (de-nouns'), V. t. To accuse publicly ; 
to threaten ; to stiginatize. 

DflBM (dfins^, a. Having the constituent part 
closely umted ; close ; compact. — Densely, 
adv. — Den'sl-ty (dSn'sT-tj^), n. Quality of be- 
ing dense or thick ; compactness ; proportion of 
mass, or quantity of matter, to bulk or volume. 

Dtnt (dSnt), n. A small hollow ; a mark made by 
a blow ; an indentation. ^ v. t. To make a dent 
upon; to indent. 

Den'tal (dSn'tal), a. Pertaining to the teeth, ^n. 
A sound or letter formed by aid of the teeth. 

— Dent'ed, a. Indented ; impressed with little 
hollows.— Den'tlne (-tTu), n. The substance 
of which teeth are mostly composed. 

Dentist (dSn'tTst), n. One who cares for the 
teeth of others; a dental surgeon. — Den'tist- 
Tf (-tTs-trj^), n. Art or profession of a dentist. 

Den-tltion (dSn-tTsh'Qn), n. Formation of t^th ; 
the process or time of cutting the teeth ; the 
system of teeth peculiar to an animal. 

De-nude' (d#-nud'), v. t. To divest of covering ; 
to make naked; to strip. — Dm'n-da'tlOIl 
(dSn'd-da'sh&n or d&'nii-), n. A making bare. 

Do-nnn'ol-ate (dS-n&n'shT-St), v. /. To denoimce. 

— De-nnn'cl-ation (-shl-S^shfin or -sT-a^shiin), 
n. Act of denouncing ; a public menace or ac- 
cusation. — De-nvn'cl-a'tor (-S'ter), n. — De- 
mm'cl-a-tO-ry (-shT-4^t*-ry or -shA-ti-rj^), a. 
Containing denunciation ; accusing. 

De-ny' (d*-m'), v. t. [Dxioed (-nid') ; DsNrmo.] 
To contradict ; to refuse ; to reject ; to with- 
hold ; to disown ; to abjure. — De-ni'a-hle 
(-ni'&-b*l), a. Capable of being denied. — De- 
al'al (-al), n. A denying ; a refusal ; a contra- 
diction ; a disavowal. — De-nl'er, n. 

De-0'dor-ixe (di-S'dSr-iz), v. t. To deprive of 
odor, esp. of bad odor resulting from impurities. 

De-part' (d^-parf), v. i. To go forth or away ; to 
leave ; to decease ; to die. ^v. t. To leave ; to 
quit; to retire from. — De-paitue (-par't^r), 
n. A going away; a removal; death. 

De-paifiient (d^pSrt'ment), n. A part or por- 
tion ; distinct course of life ; a subdivision of 
business; a province; a district. 

De-pend' (d^pSnd'), v. i. To hang ; to rely ; to 
trust; to adhere.— De-j^end'ent (-«nt), De- 
pend'ant (-<nit), a. Belymg ; subordinate. -» n. 

One sustained by, relying on, or subject to, an- 
other ; a retainer. — De - pend ' ent - ly, adv, — 
De-pend'enoe (-ens), n. A depending or being 
dependent ; reliance ; trust. — De-pend'en-cy 
(-en-sj^), n. Dependence; a territory remote 
from the state to which it belongs ; a colony. 

De-pict' (dd-plkf ), De-piotnre (-pTk'tdr), v. /. 
To paint ; to portray ; to describe. 

De-plore' (d^-plor'), v. t. To lament ; to bewail ; 
to bemoan. — De-plor'a-hle (-pl3r'&-b'l), a. 
Lamentable ; sad ; pitiable; grievous; wretched. 

De-po'nent ( dS-po'uent ), a. Having a passive 
form with active meaning ; said of certain verba. 
— n. One who deposes or gives a deposition 
under oath ; a deponent verb. 

De-pop'n-late (dS-p5?'ii-lat), v. t. To deprive of 
inhabitants; to dispeople. —v. t. To become 
dispeopled. — De-pop'n-lator (-p5p'ti-la'tSr), n. 
— De-pop'n-lation (-pSp^u-lI'shun), n. Act of 
depopulating ; state of being depopulated. 

De-port' (de-p5rt'), V. t. To transport ; to carry 
away ; to demean ; to conduct ; to behave. — 
De'por-tation (de^pSr-tS'shfin or dSp'^r-), n. 
Act of deporting ; banishment ; exile ; transpor- 
tation. -De - port ' ment ( d$ - port ' ment ), n. 
Manner of deporting or demeaning one's self ; 
carriage; behavior; demeanor; conduct. 

De-pose' (d^-poz'), v. t. To dethrone ; to degrade ; 
to eject from office ; to testify to ; to aver upon 
oath.«-i;. i. To bear witness. — De-P08'al 
(-al), n. A deposing ; removal from office. 

De-p08'it(de-p5z'Tt), V. t. To lay down ; to place ; 
to put ; to lay away for safe keeping ; to store. ^ 
n. A thing deposited, laid down, or placed (in 
a bank, for safe keeping, etc.). — De-post-tor 
(-I-tSr), n. — De-po8'l-ta-ry (-T-tS-ry), n. One 
with whom anythmg is left in trust ; trustee ; 
guardian. — De-p08'l-to-ry (-T-t^-i^), n. Place 
where anythuig is deposited for safe keeping. 

Dep'O-Sl'tton (dep^d-zTsh'fin or de'pi-), n. A de- 
posing or depositing ; precipitation ; the setting 
aside of a public officer ; displacement ; re- 
moval ; thing deposited ; sediment ; testimony 
under oath or affirmation ; an affidavit. 

De'pot (dS'pi ; French di-pS'), n. A place oi 
deposit ; a storehouse ; a military station where 
stores are kept, or recruits assembled ; a rail- 
road station. 

De-prave' (d^-prSv'), v. t. To make bad or worse ; 
to corrupt ; to vitiate ; to pollute ; to impair. — 
Dep^ra-va'tion (dSp ' r& • vS ' shfin), n. Act of 
corrupting ; the state of being depraved') cor- 
ruption ; profligacy. — De-prav'l-ty(-prfiv'T-ty), 
n. Extreme wickedness ; corruption. 

Depfre-cate (dSp'r^-kSt), v. t. To pray for deliv- 
erance from ; to regret deeply. — Dep're-ca'tOT 
(dSp'rS-ka'ter), n.— DfiP're-ca-tO-ry (-kA-t6-ry), 
a. Serving or tending to deprecate. — Dep're- 
Oatlon (-ka'shfin), n. Prayer that an evil may 
be removed or prevented ; entreaty for pardon. 

De-pre'ol-ate (de-pre'shT-St), v. t. To lessen in 
price ; to undervalue ; to underrate ; to decry ; 
to detract. ^ v. i. To fall in value ; to sink 
in estimation. — De-pre'Oi-a'tor (-a'tSr), n. — 

tfcD, noMit, Arb, r|}de, f ^ Am, food, lo1»t, out, oil, oliair, go, sins, iQk, tJiea, ttii& 




Da-pn'ol-a-to-ry (d^prS'shl-A-td-iy or >«hA-tt- 
tS\ Doipre'Gi-a^tlVd (-tTv), a. Tending to de- 

Sreciate. — Da-pro'Ol-atifBI (-BhI-i'shfin), n. A 
eprecisting ; reduction of worth. 
Def'N'^ate (dSi/rt-dat), v. t. To plunder; to 

Sillage ; to rob ; to lay waste ; to devour. — 
l^re-datlon (dSp'rt-dS'ahfin), n. A robbing, 
despoiling, or plundering. 

De-pTMt' Cd^pres')* V. t, [Dbpbbsssd (-prfisf) ; 
r^BKSSiNO. J To press down ; to humble ; to 

^ embarrass (trade, commerce, etc.) ; to cheapen. 
— Da-prosa'or (-er), n. — De-prwi'iloxt (-prSBh'- 
lin), n. A reduction ; sinkine-; fall ; dejection ; 
melancholy. — Da-pma'lve (-piSsHfT), a. Able 
or tending to depress. 

De-Pilve' (dS-privM, V. t. To take away; to 
bereave ; to despoil ; to debar ; to abridge. — 
Dep'rl-va'tton (dSp'rT-vS'shfin), t». Disposses- 
sion; loss; want; bereavement. 

Oeptll (dSpth), n. Deepness; profundity; dark- 
ness ; a deep, or the deepest, part or place. 

Da-puW (de-puf ), V, t. To appoint as substitute 
or agent ; to delegate. -» n. A deputv. — DQP^U- 
tation (dSp^A-t^shiin), n. Act of deputing ; 
a person or persons deputed to act for others. 
~Dep^-tize (dSp'd-tiz), v. i. To depute. — 
Ddp'U-ty (-tj^)t n. A representative ; an agent. 

D»-rall' (d«-ralO, v, t, & i. To run off the rails ; 
— said of cars, etc. — Da-rail'mont, n. 

Da-range' (d^-rSnj'), v, t. To put out of order ; 
to embarrass ; to unsettle ; to disturb ; to dis- 
concert. — Da-raxiga'nient (-ment), n. Disor- 
der; insanity; confusion; embarrassment. 

Der'e-llOt (dSr^lTkt), a. Forsaken by the 
owner ; abuidoned ; unfaithful ; lost ; adrift. — 
n. A thing abandoned by its owner ; a tract of 
land left dry by the sea, and fit for cultivation. 
— Doi^a-liO^^lon (-ITk'shfin), n. Abandonment. 

De-rldO^ (di-rid'^, V, t. To laugh at with con- 
tempt ; to ridicule ; to mock ; to taunt. — Ds- 
Xid'ing-ly, cuiv. By wav of derision or mockery. 
— De-ri'sion (-rTzh'iin), n. Scorn; mockery; 
ridicule. —Da-rl'Bive(-ri'sYv), a. Expressing, 
or characterized by, derision. — Do-XTBiYe-ly, 
adv, — Da-rl'so-ry (-s*-ry), a. Derisive. 

Oe-riye' (d^-riv'), r. t. To trace ; to deduce ; to in- 
fer ; to draw, ^v.i. To flow ; to have origin ; to 
proceed. — De-xlv'a-ble (-ft^b'l), a. Transmissi- 
ble; communicable; inferable. — Der'i-va'tton 
(dSr^T-va'shQn), n. Deduction from a source ; 
act of tracing origin or descent, as in grammar or 
genealogy ; a derivative. — D0-rlV'a-tlV0 (dt- 
rTv'&-tTv), a. Obtained by derivation ; derived ; 
secondary, ^n. That which is derived, 

Ber'o-gatO (dSr'6-gat), v.U&i, To 
take away ; to detract. — (-gat), a. 
Diminished in value ; damagea. — 
Dero-gation (-gS'shiin), n. Dis- 
paragement ; detraction ; deprecia- 
tion. — De-rog'a-to-zy ( d^-r8g'A- 
t6-r^), a. Detracting; injurious. 

Dertlck (dSr'rIk), n. A mast or 
machine for raismg heavy weights. 

Der'ylsll (dSr'vfsh), Der'Tlse Derrick. 

(-vTs), Der'Vls (-vis), n. A Turkish or Peraian 

Daa'oant (dSsnUhit), n. A variation of an air ; a 
song in parts ; soprano or treble ; comment. — 
Des-cant' (dSs-kant^), v. i. To sing a variation 
or accompaniment ; to comment ; to ex{Mitiate. 

Da-soend' (dS^ndO, v. t. & t. To go or come 
down. — Da-aoend'ant (ront), n. One who de- 
scends; offspring. —Da-ao«nd'ont (-ent), a. 
Descending ; proceeding from an ancestor or 
source. — Da-BGAn'alon (-sSn'shfin), n. A gouig 
downward; descent; degradation. 

Da-soent' ( d^sSnf ), n. A descendii^ ; progrens 
downward ; birth ; slope. 

Da-8OZl1l0' (dft-skriy), v. ^ To represent by words 
or other signs ; to set forth ; to sketch ; to re- 
late ; to express; to explain. — Da-BGXlb'a-ble, a. 
Capable of description.— Da-sorlption (-skrTp'- 
shnn), n. A describing; account; class; sort. 
— Da-8GXlptiye (-tTv), a. Affording descrip- 
tion. — Da-BGxlptiva-iy, adv. 

Da-aory' (di-skn'), v, t. [Dbscbixd (dtwdaidO ; 
Dbscbthto.] To discover (distant objects) ; to 
behold ; to detect ; to discern. — ^Dd-aoil'ar, n. 

Daa'O-orate (dSs'^knt), v. t. To pervert from a 
sacred purpose ; to profane. — DM'e-cra'tloll 
(-kia'shlin), n. A desecrating ; sacrilege. 

Da-aert' (di-zSrt/), v. t. To part from ; to abcm- 
don ; to forsake : to quit. -» v. i. To run away. 
— De-aert'er (-zerfSr), n. — Da-aor^an (-sa/- 
shiin^, n. Abandonment. 

Dea'ert (dSz^rt), n. A deserted or forsaken z«- 
gion; wilderness; solitude. i— a. Forsaken; 
unproductive ; barren ; waste ; desolate. 

De-aArt' (di-zSrf), n. That which is deserved ; 
merit; worth; due. 

De-aerve' (d$-zSrv')f v. /. [Dbsertxd (-zSrrdO ; 
Dksssyimg.I To earn by service ; to merit ; to 
be entitled to. — v. <. To be worthy of recom- 
pense. — De-aerv'ed-ly (-zSrv'Bd-lj^), adv. Ac- 
cording to desert ; justly. — Da-aarvlng, n. 
Desert; merit.— a. Meritorious ; worthy. 

Dea^ha-bUle' (d&z/«rb«K), n. An undress ; care- 
less toilet. 

Dea'lO-oata (dSs^-kSt or d&sTk'kftt), V. t. & i. To 
dry up. — Da-alG'oant (HBTk'kant), a. Drying. 
— n. A medicine or preparation for dryii^ a 
sore. — Dea'iO-oa'tton ^-kS'shfin), n. Act of 
desiccating ; state of being desiccated. 

Da-aid'er-ate (dS-sId'Sr-St) , v. t. To feel need of ; 
to want ; to desire.— De-8ld'er-a-tlva (-&-tTv), a. 
Expressing or denoting desire. — n. An object 
of desire. — ||Da-8id'a-ratlim (-sTd'^ril'tam ), 
n. A thing desired ; a want generally felt. 

De-algn' (dS-zin' or -sinQ« «• t- [Dbsiohxd (-zind' 
or -sind') ; Dbsioring. J To sketch ; to draw ; 
to plan ; to project ; to mean. — v. i. To have 
a purpose ; to intend. — n. A purpose ; an in- 
tention ; a plan ; a sketch. — Da-fllgn'ar, n. — 
Da-algn'ed-ly (-6d-lj^), adv. By design; pur- 
posely. —De-aini'lngt ^ Artful; aobeDiing. 

Dealg-nate (dSsng-nat), v. t. To point out ; to 
indicate ; to name ; to style ; to describe. — 
D^lg-na'tor ( - nS / tSr ), n. — Daa'lf -na'tiOB 

«• C, L 5, 11« long i ft, «, I, <^ tt, tf alMvt s MoAto, •tani, tdaa, ftbay, Ikait^ oAn. il^l^ A^ 

itlog OF ntnUiii 01 

■n Hipauiitioii. 

ro long tor 

m^utut; t"^tition; object KHuhtf euuuHi 
louring.— D»-ilI'«-UB(-»lr'*-6'l),ii. Teorthy 
of dnln: iileanng; i«»eablt.~De-*Ir'on« 
(-<U), a. DaritlDgtKilidbiusioOTaKiQg: 
Do-llii' (d!-itstf or -tun, V. ■ 

SMfpilHlta ((UVi^Ntt), d. Beyond bops; put 
cuni nidi; bMdIoiigt tortoai fwloii*) mu- 
le. - DMTtratloa (-I'lhiiD), 

.-^^Ntt), a. -., ,- 

i; bMdIoiigt tartoai fwloiKi 
-— -„'F«ratloa(-E'ihiir^ - ■ -■ 

lug; hopelgsniata; tecklegau 

■plied; contemptfUe ; Tile; . . . ., 

low. itte.—I>mrtl-mVtt^dr. 
Pb-qIm' (dt^niE'), V. i. IDmataao (-o^idO; 

DunBDfa.] TO tocdt upon Klih contempt i 

to Koni ; to ^idalii ; to uudomklua. 
Dtolta' ((I»<pit0, n. Hj>11ee|liiHllgnitT;>plt«; 

donauofl. ^orep. Id «pito oT; ootwithataad- 

iag.— D»#l«tEt i-tvi), '■• Uiilicioiu; nut- 

ll^unt. '~ B^iMWhlrlf, ode. 
Dt-«paU' (dt-^otr), o. <. TospiHl; toirtrlp: to 

rob ; to hsrsBife. — Da-vnU'ir, n — S«-ipo'- 

I.'(ii*p6<a').v.i. To give op : to iban- 

Dm^ (daa'pUC). n. Ad alMolDte prince ; m ty. 
rut. - DM-roMo (-pSt^), a. Ab»lDte in 
power: UrauiKBl) u-utiuy. — DM'po-tlm 
(dSe'pS-tli'ni), n. Power, eplrit, or principleg 
of ■ oeflpot ; tynumy. 

Ow-HTt' (iHi-^rft, n. A Hrrlce of putry, 

Dm^b tiH^In), V. t. [I>uTiKui (-tind) : Dn- 

pdDting ; predetFrmlDad end ^ point aimed M. 
D«I^I1V (db^l-n|). n. Predatemlned •tato; 
fito; dooni. — Da^nlAn. A fiulisi. 



l»«tnT'<<W<troia>.(- [I>u 
DnraonM.] To pull dowi 

lUejtoidU.'-nnrtrBT'W.B.'""' '"*™™' 
" — ' ■" ttrilk ' BhUn ), n. A deatroy. 

. , mioo; ruin.— n«-«tnw1t-b» 

(-tt-b'l), a. Liable to deitrucUoD. — Dc-strno'. 
tt-blll-tr J-bI11-t]!). Ds-itnum-Ua-nSH, n. 


tooh«^; tohEnder.— D*-U]ii'U'in. 
...... . ... to find out; 


DB-Uoh' ( 

^i^ ,. . . „ 

twhed ; t, bod* ol truope or put of * flset 
detaUed for Hpacial HrvLca. 

DttoU (dStn ST dt-l£l'), n. A ninnte por- 
tion ; ■ parUcnlw ; ■ nimllve wblcli iditea 
iDiqut« point! ; the lelectloD of a poiaoo or coifr 
may for gpeeiia MiTloB.— S»-1ilF (dt-ai'),B. I. 
To relate In partieiilan; to report ndnutelf | 
to nBclfy: to upiAit for * partlciilar ■srriae. 

Ds-tun' (dt-lan'), >. i. JTo^ksep bac^ or fromi 

dstectii^; diMorery. — Bt-teof ive i-icn-i 
0. Fitted for, or employed in. detectlng.- 
A policeman empToyed to detect rogues. 
Da-tsnt' (d>-l«nV), n. Tbat wlilch locke or m>- 
loclu a mOvemeDt in machineryi ■ CBtcb oon- 
troUIng wheelwork in the striking part ol » 
olDclc — SB-UntlDU (-Mn'sliDD). n. Actof de- 

D»-t«r' TdWr'), v. I. [DBiiBaaD (-'tKrd') ;'Dnia- 
BIHD.] To prevent by (ear ; to binder. 

DfrWrf^nrteldt-tS-rf-S-rat). r. (.*!. Tomako 
or become worse. — D»-t»'rt-0-rR'tloil (■(»'■ 

D»-terTi^« {it^^i'm}Z°Ti. & i. To eni ; to 
decide i to reiolTB. — Di-tsrliiiBMl (-nTnd), o. 
Reaoiute ; decided. — D>-ta'mlJi-4d'lT (-min- 

sd-2!> or -mind-ij), Drfi., - DB-tarml-tuitlon 

SB-tMf (d«^t«st'). V. I. To hate eitrenielyi tc 

Kdv.— DsTw-titlan (dKcaa-tS'sb) 
DMlwatf(dsX^' rrence. oa 


— Sc-thrant'iiunt, 

Dfrtnwt' (dt-trSkt"),!. 

i/ute (dVv'is-tst),' 

1, food, tcfiit, ont. oil. ol 


nfflti; IHVDC: ruin.— DerttWIW (-Wterj.B. 

Da-TalMp (di-vg]'Op), - '- ■ 

(. [*P«. C-6pll; 
4vr ; to laj open i to du- 

, Sta),n. i 
D^Tla*' (dS-iii'; 

ItaTfll i<I6y"l), n. ' 

S^'aT-'l-W) or* 

grill with peiiper | lu tui 

— DlTTl-i^l (TbH), a. 

«<*«- — !D»T'll-tiy '(-trj), t 

(-'li])(nDcnbuiD: Dii 


MiKluel. — Dev'i 
the Gulf of Ueiii 


ctlon; objectof aCFectloii. — 
Pertnining, or niited to, dciolion. 
St-TOlu' (dS-vourO, V. I. [DmoDHUj (-tourd^ j 
DiyomuraJ To mt up riTmouhly ; to sppro- 

SfTonrXdt-nwf ), a. Absorbed iD dsTotiOD <n 

SBW (du), n. 'HoiMure from tli« Btmoipbere, de- 
poaited at nigbt.— v.(. To ir«t witb dew i to 
bedew. — Denry (duTI), a. Pertaining to, or 
moihtwitb, dew. — Dewamp' (-drBp'), n. A 
drop of dew. — Dowlap' (-lip'), n. Fleeh 
under the tbroat of ui oi, whicb laps or liclu 

Daxtn (liSkaftSrl. n»xS<-trol), a. Eight, u 
opposed to ainisirr or ('/' ; "» tbe r<gbl blind. 
— Dai-tefl-Ur (-t*r^.^J|. n. Bklll; aaroitnoMi 
tact;lBCoUv.— DBIt8I.«IU (dft«'«r.BB|, D»J'- 
twni(-trBa^,o. Adroiti akillful; cleter; readj; 
apt; hardy; Tened.— SutW-OIU-lr, adr, 


Dl-M'(Mua%l-»k'4-nnl).'n. ™rtain'i^'^eii. 
— l)l-ui'»'iiati (-Dtt), n. Tlie office of » 

i»fl.l Ti 

Iuii'lng-n«»'lla. A dragonHy. 
iS'vI.CO, n. Out of a atn^ght 
Lgrsnl. — Ds'Tl.OOB-ly. odir. 
i-vi!'l, t. /. [DiYisHj (-rljd') ; Detib- 

IBS.] Torol 

i>r),n. One 


appropriate by tow i 
.acbei. — Dt-vov'ld- 

i-l«!t (di 
iDOUgbtei languAge; Idion., ^r-— — 
Dl'a-Ii^TM (di'^ldg), n. ConvereUkm between 

ri-Bm'«-t«r(dtJ[mt.|fr),fi. Aright /''^^N 

Hue throuKh the Cfntet of a circle, f \ 

etr., dividing ft into two equal f J 

parte. — Sl'l.mstTIO <di*nfet'- \ / 

rik), Dl'S-mal-riD-td (-rt.kol), a. \^^y 
Belonging to a di«neter ; directly tM^T 

Di'A-mond (di'A-mDnd or di'miind), n. A ^td oi 

Llant : a geometricil figure otherwlae called A 
r/iombii' or Immge ; a playing Card, bear- \/ 
initho flgure of a diamond; sierv uiall V 
kind of type. ^'^^ 

Sn-ptT {dl'i.pSr), B. Figured linen cloth lot 

ft, e,I, S, a, bai i A, e,I, A, tl, f, Dwrt ; MuAlo, flnnt, Idea, «b*T, Anita, eke, llrm, Ad:, Sll, flMd, 




• • 



IM^ar-rhe'a (di'ar-r6'&), Dl'ar-rhn'a. n. A mor- 
bidly freqaent evacuation of the mtestiiies. 
Dl'ar-y (di'ft^rj^), n. A register of daily 

Dl'a-ton'lO (di'ft^tSnlk), a. Proceeding 
from tone to tone ; pertaining to the 
musical scale of eight tones, the eighth 
of which is the octave of the first. 

DlbnDle (diyb'l), n. A tool to make holes 
for planti^ seeds, etc. -^v. /. To plant 
with a dibUe ; to make holes for plant- Dibble. 
ing. — V. {. To dip, as in angling. 

Dloe (dis), n., pi. of Due. Small cubes, with 
numbered sides ; a game played 
with them. -» v. t. To play with 
dice.^v. {. To ornament with 
dice. — Di'oer (di'sSr), n. 

Dlok'W (dTk^r), n. Chaffering; 
exchange of smaU wares. -»«. 
(-8rd) ; DicKBsmo.] To barter. lU. 5.] 

Dictate (dTk'tat), V. t. & i. To say or utter 
(words, etc.), for another to write out ; to de- 
liver (commands) with authority ; to enjoin. ^ 
n. A command ; a rule ; admonition. — Dlo- 
tatlon (dtk-ta'sbtln), n. Act of dictating or 
prescribing. — Dio-tator (-ter), n. One who dic- 
tates ; one invested with absolute authority. — 
Dlo'ta-toM-al(dIk'tft.t<^, a. Absolute; im- 
perious ; overbearing. — DlC'ta-tO'ri-al-ly, adv, 

DlOtlon (dTk'ahfin), n. Choice of words; man- 
ner of expression; style; phraseology. — DlG'- 
tion-a-ry (-shtln-fr-T^), n. A book in which 
words are explained ; a lexicon ; a vocabulary. 

Did, imp. of Do, V. 

Didst (dTdst), 2dpers. sing. imp. of Do. 

Die (di), V, i. [Died (did) ; Dxino.] To lose life ; 
to expire ; to vanish. 

DlO (di), n. A small cube used in gaming Ipl, 
DiCH (dis)] ; a metallic stamp for coining, cut- 
ting screws, etc. [pi. Diss (diz)]. 

Dl'et (di'6t), n. Habitual food; victuals; food 
suited to one's state of health, —v. t. & i, [Di- 
>tbd; Dieting.] To feed; to eat and drink 
sparingly, or by rule. 

Dl'et (<n'et), n. A legislative assembly in some 
European countries ; a convention ; a council. 

Dlf'ler (dTf'fSr), V. i. [DiFnausD (-fSrd) ; Dima- 
iva.] To disagree ; to be unlike or discordant ; 
tb quarrel. — Dllfer-ent (-ent), a. Unlike ; dis- 
tmct. — Dll ' far - ent - ly, adv. — Dll ' f er - enoe 
' i-eoB), n. The act or state of differing ; dissim- 
ilarity ; variety ; dispute ; quarrel ; strife. 

Dllfl-onlt (dTf'fT-kmt), a. Hard to do or deal 
with ; painful ; laborious ; rieid. — DUfi-Olll-ty 
(-kfil-t^), n. The state of being difficult ; a per- 
plexity; distress; trial. 

Dilfl-dent (dTf'fT-dent), a. Wanting confidence 
in one's self ; timid. — Dll'fi-deilGd (-dens), n. 

Dlf-fnae' (dYf-fuz'), v. i. & t. [DiFrusBD (-f uzdO ; 
DiFrnsiiro.] To expand ; to spread ; to spend ; 
to waste ; to diroerse ; to publish. -»(dTf-fus^, 
a. Widely spread ; copious ; verbose ; prolix. — 
Dlf -fose'ly, adv. — Dif-fnse^ess, n. — Dif- 
fa'aioil (-zhOn), n. A spreading ; dispersioiL. 

DUE (dTg), V. L AC [Due (dfig) or Dia«D (dTgd) ; 
DioenieJ To turn up witii a spade ; to exci^ 
vate. — Digfger (-gSr), n. 

Dl-gest' (dl-]6sf), v.L&i, To arrange method* 
ically; to dissolve in the stomach. — Dl'geat 
(di'jest), n. A collection of laws; a compen- 
dium ; a summazy ; an abridgment. — Dl-gest'- 
«r (-jSst^r), n. — Dl-gestl-lle (-j6st/T-bU}, a. 
Capable of being digested. — DI- gdSt ' 1 - Slo- 
BMS, Di-gestl-bU'l-ty (-T-Mil-ty), n. — Di- 
gestion (-jfis'ch&n), n. The process of digest- 
mg. — Dl-gest'lve (-jfistOfv), a. Causing to 
digest ; producing or pertaining to digestion. 

Dig^t (dTjTt), n. A finger ; three fourths of an 
inch ; one of the ten figures, 0, 1, 2, etc. 

Dlg^-fy (dTg'kiT-fl), v. t. [Dignified (^fid); 
DiONiTTiNG.] To invest with dignity or honor ; 
to give distinction to; to exalt. — Dlg'nl-ty 
(-tf), n. Elevation ; honorable rank ; nobility. 
— Dig'&l-ta-Ty (-ta-rj^), n. One of exalted rank. 

Dl'grapjl (di'gr&f ), n. Two letters expressing one 

Di-gress' (dT-grSsO) v. i. [Diobbssbd (-grSst^) ; 
Digressing.] To turn aside, or from, the main 
subject ; to deviate ; to wander. — Dl-gres'slon 
(-grSsh'iin), n. Deviation. 

Dike (dik), n. A ditch ; bank ; mound of earth. 
^ V. t. [Diked (dikt); Diking.] To surround, 
protect, or drain, by a dike. 

Dl-lap'1-date (dT-ISpli-dat), v. U To bring into 
decay or ruin by misuse or neglect. ^ v, i. To 
get out of repair; to go to ruin. — Dl-laj^i-da'" 
tlon (-da'shim), n. Waste ; ruin. 

Dl-late' (dT-laf or dt-latO, v. t. & i. To expand ; 
to enlarge ; to swell. — Dl-lat'a-ble (-la'ta-b'l), 
a. Capable of expansion. — Dl-la'tlon (dT-lS'- 
shiin or dt-), n. Expansion. 

Dll'a-to-ry (aTl'&-tt-rj^), a. Inclined to procras- 
tinate; slow; slufrgish; tardy. — DU'a-tO-xl-ly 
(-rT-iy), adv. — Dil'a-to-rl-ness, n. 

Di-lem'ma (dT-lSm'in& or dt-), n. A perplexing 
state or alternative ; a difficult choice. 

Dlll-genoe (dTIT-jens), n. Quality of behig dil- 
igent; industry. 

liDrli-genoe' (dFl^zhtosO, n. A French stage- 

Dil'1-gent (dTIt-jent^ a. Steady in application 
to business; assiduous; persevering; atten- 
tive; careful. —Diri-gent-ly, oefv. 

Dill (dTl), n. An herb, having aromatic seeds. 

Dil'ly-flal'ly (dTl'iy-dSl'iy), v. i. To loiter ; to 
trine ; to waste time. 

Di-lnte' (dl-luf ), v. t. & i. To thin, by mixture 
with something, ^a. Thin ; attenuated ; re- 
duced in strength. — Di-la^cn (-lu'shiin), n. 
A diluting or being diluted ; a weak liquid. 

Dim (dTm), a, ' [Dimmer ; Dimmest.] Not clear; 
obscure ; dull. ^ v. t. [Dimmed (dTmd) ; Dim- 
ming.] To cloud ; to darken ; to sully.— Dim'ly« 

adv. — Dim'ness, n. 
Dime (dim), n. An American silver coin, the 

tenth of a dollar, worth ten cents. 
Di-men'sion (dl-mSn'shfin), n. Size ; capacity. 
Di-mln'lsll (dT-mTnTsh), v.U&i, [Diminished 

lint recent, drb, r^de, fyll, ttm, food, f<jbt, out, oil, cbsir, go, sing, i||k, tbeo, tllilL 




(-Tflht) ; DiMimsHiNO.] To decrease ; to leoaen ; 
to reduce. — Di - min ' iall • a • 1)16 (dY-mTuTsh- 
i-bU), a. 'Dlm'l-nn'tlon (dYm/T-nu'shfin), n. 
A making or growing smaller ; decrease ; decay ; 
abasement. — Dl-flunll-tlve (dY-mTn'ti-tTv), a. 
Of small size ; minute ; little. «- n. A noun 
denoting a small or a young object of the same 
kind with that denoted by some other noun. 

Dlm'l-ty (dTmt-tj^), n. A cotton cloth, plain or 

Plmlild (dtm'pU), n. A slight depression, esp. 
on the cheek or chin. ^ v. i. & t. [Dimslbd 
(-p'ld) ; Dimpling.! To form (dimples). 

DlXL (dm), n. A loud noise ; a racket ; a clamor. 

Dine (din), V, i, [DiNXD (dind); Dining.] To 
eat dinner. ^ v. t. To give a dinner to. 

Ding (ding), V, i, [DmoED (dTngd) ; Dmorao.] 
To sound, as a bell ; to ring ; to tinkle. ^ n. 
Stroke of a bell. — Dlng'doilg' (dYng'dSngO) n. 
Soimd of bells ; a repeated monotonous sound. 

Dln'gey (dYn'gj^), Dln'gy, Dln'ghy, n. An East 
India boat ; a ship's smallest boat. 

Din'gle (dTn'g*l), n. A valley between hills. 

Dln'gy (dln'jj^), a. Soiled; pf a dusky color; 
dun. — Din'n-ness, n. 

Dln'ner (dTn'nSr), n. The principal meal of the 
day ; a feast. 

Dixit (dint), n. A mark left b^ a blow ; a dent.-' 
V. t. To make a small cavity on, by a blow or 
by pressure. 

Di'O-oese (dl'^-ses), n. District in which a bishop 
exercises ecclesiastical authority. — Di-GC'e-san 
(dt-Ss^-san or di'd-se^son), ou Pertaining to a 
diocese, ^n. A bishop. 

Dl^O-ra'ma (di'i-ra^m4 or -ra^nft), n. An exhi- 
bition of a painting seen from a distance through 
a large opening. 

Dip (dtp), V. /. [DiTPBD (dTpt) or Dipt ; Dipping.] 
To plunge; to immerse. ^ v. «'. To immerse 
one's seU ; to penetrate ; to enter slightly ; to 
incline downward. — n. The action of dipping 
or plunging; slope; pitch; a dipped candle, 
T- made by dipping a wick in melted tallow. — 
Dip'per, n. One who, or that which, dips ; a 
ladle for dipping water ; a diving bird. 

DiplL-tlie'ri-a (dTf-the'rT-& or dtp-), n. An epi- 
demic disease in which the throat becomes coated 
with a false membrane. 

Diph'tboilg (dIf'thSng or dTp'-)» n. Union of 
two vowels in one sound or syllable. 

Di-plO'ma (dT-pIo'm&), n. A writing conferring 
some authority, privilege, or honor ; a record 
of a literary degree. — Di-plo'Bia-Gy (-mA-s^), 
n. The art of conducting negotiations between 
nations ; dexterity ; skill ; tact. — Diplo-mat 
(dTp ' Id - mSt), Dip'lO-matd (-mat), n. One 
skilled in diplomacy ; a diplomiMist. — Dip'lo- 
mat'lc (-mStTk), a. Pertaining to a diploma, 
to diplomacy, or to diplomatics. 

Dip'per (dTp'per), n. See under Dip, v. t. 

Dlp^SO-ma'ni-a (dYp/sd-ma'nT-&), n. A morbid 
craving for intoxicating drink. — Dip'BO-Ilia'- 
nl-ac GS1^)> ^ One thus afflicted ; an inebriate. 

Dl^e (dir), a. Dreadful; horrible; terrible. — 

Dlxely, ado. — Din'nsss, n. — Dlx«'liil(-fvl), 
a. Dire; calamitous. — Dlrtt'flll-ly, adv. 
Dl-not' (dT-rSkf), a. Straight ; sincere ; right ; 
immediate; absolute.— v. t. & i. To aim; to 
ffuide ; to lead ; to conduct ; to dispose ; to or- 
der; to command. — Di-rect'ly, adv. — Di- 
reot^eas, n. — Dl-reot'«r (-er), Di-reot'or, n. 

One who directs or governs ; a supeiintendent. 

~ Di-reot'0-iate (-J-rat), Di-rect'or-ship, n. 
The office of a director ; a body of directors. — 
Di-reot'o-ry i-^-rf), a. Tending to direct ; con- 
taining directions. — n. A collection of direc- 
tions or rules ; a guide book ; a book giving names 
and residences of the inhabitants of a place ; a 
body of directors. — Dl-recfress (-rSs), n. A 
woman who directs or manages. — Di-xec'tiOll 
( - rSk ' ditln ), n. A directing, aiming, or or- 
dering ; guidance ; superintendence ; oversight ; 
control ; address of one to whom anything ia 
sent; body of persons charged with managing 
any affair. 

Dlrelnl (dir'f^l), etc. See under DntB, a. 

Dirge (derj), n. A funeral song. 

DiZK (dSrk), n. A kind of dagger. —v. t. To stab. 

Dirt (dSrt), n. Foul or filthy substance ; earth ; 
mud; mire.— t;. t. To make filthy. — Dizfy 
(dSr'tj^), a, [DisTiXK ; DrnxiEST.] Defiled with 
dirt; base; filthy; foul. —v. t. To foul; to 
make filthy ; to soil ; to tarnish ; to sully. 

Dis-a1)le (dTs-a^n), v. t. [Disabled (-bHd); 
Disabling (-bltng).l To render unable; to 
deprive of power ; to disqualify ; to incapacitate. 
— DU'a-DU'i-ty (dTs/&-bI11-ty), n. Want of 

Sower or qualification ; inability. 
/a-btue' (dls'ft^buz'), V. t. To undeceive ; to 
set right. 

Dis^ad-vantage (dTs'Sd-v&ntSj), n. Loss ; det- 
riment ; hurt ; damage. — Dis-ad'yan-ta'geoilB 
(dTs-Sd^van-ta'jfis), a. Inconvenient ; prejudi- 
cial ; detrimental. 

Dis^af-feor (dTs^Sf-fSktO, v. t. To make less 
friendly; to alienate; to disorder. — Dls' af- 
f eotion (-ffik'shfin), n. Dislike ; hostility. 

Dis^a-gree' (dTs'&-greM, v. i. [Dibaobekd 
(-gred') ; Disagreeing.] To fail to accord ; to 
fidl to agree ; to differ ; to vary ; to dissent. 
— Dia'a-gree'a-ble (-gre'A^b'l), o. Contrary ; 
unsuitable; offensive; displeasing. — Dis'a- 
gree'nieilt (-ment), n. Difference; discrep- 
ancy; dissent; jar; wrangle; discord. 

Dia'al-iow' (dTs'Sl-lou'), v. t. To refuse to allow 
or sanction. ^ v. i. To refuse permission. 

Dia'an-nnl' (dIs'Sn-ntil'), v. t. To annul ; to nul- 

Dis'ap-pear' (dts'Sp-perO, v. i. [Duappsaiied 
(-perd'); Disappbarino.] To vanish from 
sight; to cease to be. — Dig' ap- pear' anoe 
(-per'ans), n. Act of disappearing ; vanishing. 

Dls^ap-point' (dTs^Sp-point')} v. i. To defeat of 
expectation or hope ; to fail ; to frustrate ; to 
defeat. — Dia'ap-poinfUieilt ( -ment ), n. De- 
feat or failure of expectation ; balk. 

Dia'ap-prove' (dTs'Sp-proov'), t;. t. [Disappbovsd 
( - pr55vd ' ) ; Disafpbovino.] To censure ; to 

fi» e» 1, 5, a, long i &, <i, I, d, a, j^( abort ; aeaAte, tvent, tdea, Obey, llnite, cAre, i&rm, ask, f^ll, final. 




SP'pro-lMtioil (-^pr^-bi'Bh&n), n. Act of di»- 
approving ; dislike.— DiS'ap-proV'lllC-ly, adv. 

Dlfr-Am' (dls-anu' or dTz-), v. t. TodepriTe of 
annB or of means or diisposition to harm. — 
DU-arm'a-mont (-A-ment), n. A disarming. 

DlB^ftl-nuiSO' (dIs'Sr-ranj'), v. t. To put out of 
order.— -Dia^ar-rangefmMlt (-msnt), n. Con- 
fusion; disorder. 

DlB-ai'ter (dIz-Ss'tSr), n. An unfortunate event ; 
calamity; mishap; mischance. — DlB-aBtXDIU 
(-trtts), a. Unfortunate ; calamitous. 

Iwa-TOW' (dIs'i-VOU'), V. t. [DiSAVOWBD 

(-▼oudQ; DisAVOWiHO.] To deny knowledge 
of ; to disclaim ; to disown ; to dissllow. — DiV'- 
a-YOW'al (-ol), n. Disclaimer ; denial. 

To retire from 
__ disbelieving; de- 
nial of belief; error. — Dli^lltTe' (-b«-18vOi' 
V, L To discredit ; to refuse to credit. 

Dlft-lrarM' (dl»-bQn/), v. t. To pay out ; to ex- 
pend. —DU-buxse'mont (-mtfut), n. Act of 
paying out ; money spent. 

Duo, n. See Disk. 

Dll'oaiLt (dTsncant), n. See Dhoaiit, n. 

DlB-caxd' (dls-k&rdO, v, t & i, Te oaat off or 
dismiss; to discharge; to reject. ^n. Act of 
discarding ; card discarded. 

SUHMm' (dlz-sSm'), v, t. & i. [DnoEBnsD 
( - z8md ' ) ; DiscxBsrmo.l To perceive ; to dis- 
cover ; to penetrate ; to aiscriuunate ; to judge. 

— Dlt-oeml-Me (-T-V1), a. Perceptible; appa- 
rent ; evident ; manifest. — Dis-cernlJag, a. 
Acute; shrewd; sagacious. — Dls-oam'meilt 
(-msnt), n. Judgment ; sagacity. 

Du-ollUCe'(dTs-chiirj'), v. t [Duchabosd 
(-chlirjd') ; DiBOHASomo.] To dismiss; to un- 
load ; to give forth ; to utter ; to fire. -^v. i. To 
throw off a charge or burden, i— n. DismiBsal ; 
release; unloading; explosion. 

Dls-Oi^lo (dTs-si'p'l), n. A learner ; a pupil ; an 
adherent ; a supporter. — DlB - Ol ' Pto - Uip, n. 
State of a disciple. 

Dia'oi-pllne (dTs'sT-plYn), n. Treatment suited 
to a disciple or learner ; education ; training ; 
correction ; chastisement, —v. i. [Discifliitko 
(-plYnd) ; DisciPLimno.] To educate ; to develop 
by exercise ; to bring under control ; to correct ; 
to chastise; to punish. —-Dis'Ol-pUn-a'rl-an 
(-i'rT-on), a. Pertaining to. discipline or gov- 
ernment ; intended for disciplhie. — n. One 
who enforces discipline ; a severe trainer. 

SU-Clalm' (dTs-klamO, v. t, & i. [Disclaimeo 
(-klamdO ; Disclaiming.] To disown ; to deny ; 
to renounce ; to repudiate. — DiS-Olaim'er, n. 
One who disclaims ; an explicit disavowal. 

Dft-OlOM' (dls-kloz'), t7. L [DisoLOSBD (-kl5zd') ; 
DiBOLOSixro.] To unclose ; to uncover ; to dis- 
cover ; to tell, i— V. i. To open ; to gape. — DlS- 
CdlKSIIxe t-klS^zhttr), n. Revelation ; exposure. 

DiS-OOl'or (dTs-klil'Sr), v. t. [Disoolobed (-3rd) ; 
DnooLOvnra.] To alter the color of ; to stain. 

— Dia-ooPor-atioii (-S^sbfin), n. A stain. 

DU-Mm'flt (dTs-kttmffTt), v. t [DuooMfmD; 
DisooMnriNO.] To scatter in fight ; to diiooD- 
cert ; to overthrow. ^ n. Rout ; overthrow ; 
dLBComfiture. — - Dll-conifl-tlire (-fl-tttr), n. A 
discomfiting; defeat; frustration. 

DllHBOlll'lort (dTs-ktlm'fSrtV n. Want of com- 
fort; uueasiiiess; inquietude, i— v. <. To dis- 
turb ; to make uncomfortable. 

DiS'OOlll-llieda' (dls^kOm-mSdn, V. t. To put to 
inconvenience ; to incommoae ; to annoy. 

DlB^oom-poao' (dlsOLfim-pozO, v, t. To diaaiw 
range; to unsettle; to disturo; to ruffle ; to fret ; 
to vex ; to displace. — - DlB^oom-pofsiiTO (dla/- 
kSm-pS'zhftr), n. Diaorder ; agitation. 

Dis'OOE-OOrf (dlsacOn-flSrf ), v. t. To discom- 
pose ; to abash ; to confuse ; to frustrate. 

DwGOn-neot' (dTs^kOn-nfiktOt v. t. To dissolve 
the imiou or connection of ; to separate ; to sever. 
— Dis'GOn-neotionC-nSk'shiin), n. Separation. 

DlB-OOn'so-latd (dls-k5n'si-ttt), a. Destitute of 
comfort or consolation ; dejected ; melancholy. 

Pit^oen-tonf (dIs'kSn-tSnf ), n. Want of con- 
tent; uneasmess; disHatisfaction. -^ v, i. To 
make uneasy; to disquiet. — DlB'OOB-tflnt'Od 
(-t6nt^),a. Dissatisfied; malcontent.— Dll'- 
coa-teiired-ly, adv, 

DiS'OOE-tln'lie (dls^kSn-ttn'fi), v.t.&i. To put 
or leave off ; to stop. — Dis'GOn-tlll'n-Bnoo jC-ft- 
ans), Dlroon-tlll'll-a'tlon (•S'shfin), n. Uee- 
sation; interruption; disunion; dinruption. 

DlS'OOrd' (dls^cdrd'), n. Want of concord ; vari- 
ance ; dissension ; strife ; clashing ; dissonance. 

— Dia-oord'ant (dTs-kdrd'ont), a. Inconsist- 
ent ; disagreeing ; inharmonious ; harsh ; jarring. 

— DlB-cord'anMy, adv. — Dla-oord'ant-noia, 
Dia-cord'anoe (-ans), DUHsord'an-cy {-an-t^)^ 
n. Discord; incondstency. 

Dis'COIUlV (dlsHEOunf or dTs-konntO> v. t. To de- 
duct from an account, debt, charge, eto. ; to 
abate ; to lend money upon, deducting tiie dis- 
count or allowance for interest. — v. i. To lend 
money, abating the discount. — Dla'OOIIllt (dTs^- 
kount), n. Deduction ; allowance taken off (an 
account, debt, price, ete.) ; a discounting. 

Dla-connta-nanGe (dls-koun't^-nans), v. t. To 
put to shame ; to abash ; to discourage, i— n. 
Disfavor; disapprobation. 


dishearten ; 


age-ment (ment), n. A discouraging; that which 

discouraf^ea ; dejection. 

Dla-conraa' (dTs-kors'), n. Conversation; talk; 

sermon ; treatise. ^ v. i. [Discourskd (-kSrsf) ; 

DisGOTTRsiNO.] To converse ; to talk. 

Dia-GOnr'te-ona (dTs-kfirte-tls), a. Uncivil ; rude. 

— Dia-Gonr'te-oiia-neaa, Dia-Gonr'te-ay ( -^ ), 

n. Want of courtesy ; rudeness ; incivility. 
Dia-GOV'er (dTs-kOv'Sr), V. t. [DiscovESBD (-^rd) ; 
DisooTZRiNo.] To expose to view; to make 
known ; to disclose ; to exhibit ; to show ; to tell ; 
to detect ; to invent. — Dla-GOY'er-er (-3r-3r), 
n. — Dia-GOY'er-y (-5r-y), n. A finding out; % 
making known ; a revelation ; an invention. 

fSm, Twsent, Arb, ryde, fyll, ttm, Idbd* f(A>fe» oat» oUt cbair, (Oy ainst 

vSftflOto wflXOa 




DllHirod'lt ( dT8-kr6dtt ), n. A want of credit ; 
distrust ; reproach, —v. t. To refuse to credit ; 
to deprive of good repute. — Dls-cred'lt-a-Ue 
(-&-b'l)f a. Injurious to reputation ; disgraceful. 

DlS-oreot' (dls-kref), a. Prudent; sagacious; 
cautious ; wary. — Dis-crOdt'ly, adv, 

DlB-orep'ant (dls-krSp'ant), a. Discordant; at 
▼ariauce ; disagreeing ; oiif erent. — DiS-GXBp'- 
ance (-ans), Dia-orep'an-cy (-an-sj^), n. Dis- 
agreement ; inconsistency. 

Dls-crete' (dts-kref), a. Separate ; distinct. 

Dlft-cro'tion (dYs-kresli'iin), 7^ Quality of being 
discreet; sf^acity; prudence; freedom of ao 
tion.— Dla-cre'tion-al (-ai), Dia-ore^on-a-ry 
(-ti-Tf)f n. Left to discretion ; unrestrained ex- 
cept by discretion or judgment. 

Difl-Qrixll'i-nate (dTs-krlm'I-nlit), a. Distin- 
guished ; having the diif ereuce marked. «- v. t. 
&. i. To distinguish ; to separate. - DiS-GTim'- 
i-na'tion (-nS'shiin), n. A discriminating; 
mark of distinction ; discernment ; judgment. 

Dia-crown' (dis-kroun'), v. t. To deprive of a 

Dia-cnsa^ (dTs-ktU/), v, t. [Discussed (-kiistO ; 
DiBcnssiNa.1 To aisperse ; to examine by dispu- 
tation; to debate. — Dis-ciu^aion (-kush'tln), 
n. A discussing ; debate ; disputation. 

Oia-dain' (dTs-dan' or dTz-), n. Haughtiness; 
scorn ; contempt ; pride. ^ v. t. [Disdained 
(-dand'); Disdaining.] To contemn*; to de- 
spise; to scorn, ^v. i. To be filled with con- 
temptuous anger. — Dia-dain'tnl (-fyl), a. Full 
of, or expressing, disdain ; scornful ;' haughty. 

DlB-eaaa' (dTz-SzO, n. Disorder ; distemper ; 
malady, i— v. t, [Diseased (-ezd') ; Disbasino.] 
To afflict with sickness. 

Dla^em-bark' (dTs^Sm-biirkO, v, t & {. To put or 
go on shore ; to land ; to debark. — Dls-em'liar- 
ka'tlon (-Sm/b&r-ka'shttn), n. A disembarkix^. 

Dla^em-bar'raaa (dTs^Sm-bSi/ras), v. t. To free 
from embarrassment or i>erplexity ; to clear. 

Dia^em-bod'y (dYs'Sm-bSd'j^), v. t. [Disembodied 
(-bSdTd) ; Disehbodtino.1 To divest of the 
body ; to free from the flesh. 

Dis^en-Ghant' (dYs'Sn-ch&nf), v. t. To free from 
enchantment or roells. 

]>l8'en-G11]ll1)0r (dlVSn-kfim'ber), v.^ t. To free 
from encumbrance, clogs, or impediments. 

DlS^an-gage' (dTs^Sn-gaJO? v. t. To release from 
connection or engs^ement ; to liberate ; to free ; 
to extricate ; to clear ; to detach. — t;. «. To re- 
lease one's self ; to become detached. 

Dla^en-tan'gle (dTs^Sn-tSn'g'l), v, t. To free from 
entanglement or perplexity ; to unravel ; to ex- 
tricate ; to clear ; to disengage. 

Dia^en-tlirona' (dTs^Sn-thron'), v. t. To dethrone. 

Dia'en-toml)' (dTs'Sn-toom'), v. t. To take out 
from a tomb. 

Dla-la'VCnr (dls-fa'ver), «. Want of favor; dis- 
esteem; unkindness. i— v. t. To withhold or 
withdraw favor from ; to discountenance. 

Dla-fig'nre (dTs-fTg'ur), v, t. To deface ; to mar. 
~Dia-flg'n-ra'tlon (-d-ra'shfin), Dla-fiK'nre- 
ment (-ment), n. Deformity; defacement. 

Dla-fran'oMao (dTs-frSn'chIz or -chiz), V. t. To 
deprive of a franchise, esp. of citizenship. — 
Du-fran'Clliaa-niant (-meut), n. Act of dis- 
franchising ; state of l)eingdisf ranchised. 

Dia-gorge' (dis-gdr JO, v. t. LDisooboed (-g6rjdQ ; 
DisGOBGiNe.] To vomit ; to give up. — v. i. To 
vomit ; to make restitution. 

Dla-graGG' (dts-gras'), n. Lack or loss of favor ; 
opprobrium ; dishonor ; shame ; disrepute. ^ 
V. t. [Disgraced (-grastQ ; Disgracing.] To 
deprive of favor ; to degrade ; to debase. — Dla- 
graoa'fnl (-fvd), a. Bringing disgrace or dis- 
honor; shameful; infamous; ignominious. 

Dia-gnlae' (dYs-giz'), v. t. [Disguised (-gizd^) ; 
Disguising.] To change the guise or appear- 
ance of ; to conceal ; to dissemble ; to mask. -• 
n, A dress or exterior put on to conceal or to 
deceive ; deception ; slight intoxication. — Dla- 
gnia'ed-ly (-giz'8d-iy), adv. in disguise. 

Dla-gnat' (dTs-gtlstO, v. t. To provoke dielike in ; 
to offend; to displease, ^n. Aversion; distaste; 
dislike ; repugnance. — Dla-guaf fill (-f ul), Dla- 
gnat'lng, a. Offensive ; nauseous. 

DIah (dish), n. A vessel to hold food ; particular 
kind of food; hollow form, like a dish. ^ v. U 
[Dished (dYsht) ; Dishing.] To put in a dish 
ready for the table. — Dlablng, a. Concave ; 

Dia-haart'en (dTs-har't'n), v. /. [Disheartened 
(-t'nd) ; Disheartening.] To dispirit ; to dis- 
courage ; to deter. 

Di-ahav'al (dl-shgv''l or -81), r. /. [Disheveled 
(-'Id or -Sid) or Dishevelled ; Disheveling or 
Dishevelling.] To suffer to hang loosely or 
negligently, as the hair. 

Dlah'fnl (dfsh'f yl), n. What a dish will hold. 

Dia-hon'aat (dTs-on'Sst or dTz-), a. Wanting in 
honesty; faithless; unjust. — Dla-hon'ea-ty 
(-Ss-tj^), n. Want of honesty or integrity. 

Dla-hon'or (dTs-Sn'Sr or dTz-), n. Want of honor ; 
disgrace ; shame ; reproach. — v. t. To bring re- 
•roach or shame on ; to refuse to accept or pay 
a draft or acceptance). — Dla-hon'or-a-Ua 
A-b'l), a. Shameful ; base ; disgraced. 

Dia^in-oUna' (dTs'Tn-klin'), v. t. To excite the 
dislike of; to make averse. — Dla-in'Gli-lia^on 
(dTs-Tn'klT-na'shfin), n. Aversion. 

Dla^ln-faGt' (dTs^Tn-fekf), v. t. To cleanse from 
infection. — Dla'in-feot'ant (-ant), n. Some- 
thing used to disinfect. 

Dla-in-gan'll-Olia (dTsOfn-jSn'tt-Os), a. Not in- 
genuous ; wanting in frankness ; deceitful. 

Dla^lXL-herlt (dTe'ln-hSr'Tt), v. U To cut off from 
hereditary right ; to deprive of an inheritance. 


Dla-in'ta-gxate (dTs-Tn'te-grlt), v. t. To separate 
int parts. — Dla-il ' 
shfin), n. A disintegratii^. 

into integrant parts. 


Dla-in'ter-aat-ad (dTs - Tn ' ter - 6st - Sd), a. Free 
from self-interest ; impartial ; indifferent. 

Dla-join' (dTs-join'), v. t. & i. [Disjoined (-joindO; 
Disjoining.] To part ; to disunite ; to separate. 

Dla-Jolnt' (dTs-joinf), v, t. To put out of joint ; to 
break in pieces ; to break the natural order and 
relatioius of. -« v. i. To fail or break in pieces. 

S, e, I, o, n, long ; &, 6, 1. 5. tt, ft short ; lenftte. dvent. tdea. Obey, llnite, oAre, ttrm, &ak, f>U, final. 




d Disk; 
rr Rays. 

DUk (diak), DIbo, n. A flat circular fdate ; quoit ; 
the face of a celestial body ; 
the surface of a leaf. 

Dis-llka' (dl»-llk0, v. <. [Dis- 
LiKXD(-likt'); DisiiiKiNa.] 
To have an aversion to. ^ 
n. Distaste ; displeasure ; 
antipathy; disgust. 

Dlslo-cate(dTsa«-kat),i;./. To 
displace ; to put out of joint. •« 
a. Dislocated. — Dis'lO-ca'- 
tlon (-ka'shdn), ?». Displacement ; a joint put out. 

DU-lodge' (dT8-15j0t v, t. [Diblodgsd G-lSjd') ; 
Dislodging.] To drive from a lodge or place of 
rest or a station. — Dls-lodg'Sient (-ISj'ment), 
n. A dislodffing or state of being dislodged. 

DU-loy'al (dis-loi'al), a. Not loyal; false to 
allegiance; faithless; inconstant. — Dls-loy'al- 
ty (-ty), n. Want of fidelity. 

DlA'Ual (dTz'mal), a. Gloomy ; lonesome ; dole- 
ful; melancholy; unhappy. — Dis'&Lal-ly) adv. 

DlB-man'tle (dTs-mSn'tU), v. t. To deprive of 
dress, furniture, defenses, etc. ; to strip ; to raze. 

Dls-mastf (dTs-m&sf), t7. t. To deprive of masts. 

DlB-maT' (dTs-mS'), v. t, [Dismatxd (-mad') ; 
Dismaying.] To terrify; to daunt; to dis- 
hearten. ^ n. Loss of courage ; fright ; horror. 

Dl8-mem1)er (dTs-mSm'bSr), v. t. To divide limb 
from limb ; to mutilate ; to sever. — Dls-mem'- 
iMT-ment (-ment), H. INvision ; mutilation. 

DU-mlss' (dTs-mlsO) v. t. [Disbossbd (-mTsf) ; 
DismssiNO.] To send away; to remove from 
office; to reject. — Dls-mlM'al (-mts'al), DiS- 
mls'slon (-mTsh'tin), n. A dismissing. — Dis- 
mlSS'iye (•mlsTv), a. Giving leave to depart. 

DlS-nLOimt' (dTs-mouuf), v, i. To descend ; to 
alight from a horse. ^ v, L To throw from an 
elevation, a place of honor, a horse, etc. 

Dls^O-be'dl-eilt (dTs^i-be'dT-ent), a. Neglecting 
or refusing to obey. — Dia'O-De'dl-enoe (-ens), 
n. Neglect or refusal to obey. 

Dil'O-bey' (dTs^d-baO, v. t. & i. To neglect or 
refuse to obey ; to break the commands of. 

Dil'O-Wga' (dTs'ft-blij'), V. t. To offend by un- 
kindness or incivility. —Dis'O-Wglllff (-bll'- 
jTng), a. Indisposed to gratify ; unkind. 

DiS-or'der (dta-dr'dgr), n. Want of order; ir- 
regularity ; confusion ; disturbance ; illness ; 
sickness. ^ v. t. To throw into confusion ; to 
make sick ; to derange ; to discompose. — Dis- 
or'der-ly, a. irregular; confused; unruly; 
lawless ; vicious ; loose. — Dis-OI'der-ll-neSB, n. 

DlS-or'san-ize (dls-dr'gan-iz)^ v. t. To destroy 
the system of ; to throw into disorder. 

DiS-OWn' (dis-on' or dTz-), v. t. [Disownbd 
(-5nd') ; Disowning.] To refuse to own or ac- 
knowledge ; to renoimce ; to repudiate. 

DU- par 'age ( dTs-pSrtj), v, t. [Disparaged 
(-ajd) ; Disparaging (-a-jtng).] To injure by de- 
preciating comparisons ; to undervalue. — Dls- 
pai'aga-ment (-luent), n. Injurious comx>arison 
with an inferior ; detraction. 

Dis-paz^l-ty (dTs-pSrT-tj^), n. Difference in age, 
rank, etc. ; inequality ; disproportion. 

Ills-pai^alOXl (dTs-pSsh'tln), n. Freedom from 
passion; apathy. — Dls-pas'sion-ate (-tt), a. 
Free from passion ; calm ; cool ; impartiaL 

DlS- patch' (dts-pSch'), V. i, [DiSPATCHBD 

(-pSchf) ; Dispatching.] To send off ; to ex- 
pedite ; to hasten ; to put out of the way ; to 
put to death ; to kUl. ^ v. i. To make haste, i— 
n. The sending in haste ; message dispatched 
or sent off ; hurry ; promptness ; speed. 

Dis-pel' (dTs-pSl'), V. t. [Dispelled (-pSld'); 
D18PELLING.T To drive away ; to dissipate. 

DU-pense' (dls-pSns'), v, t. To deal out ; to dis- 
tribute ; to administer ; to execute. ^ v. i. To 
give dispensation; to allow an omission; to 
forego ; — followed by vnik, — Dis-pen'salllA 
(-pSn'si-b'l), a. Capable of being dispensed or 
dispensed with. — Dls-pen'sa-ry (-sA-rJl^), n. A 
place in which medicines are given gratis to the 
poor ; a shop in which medicines are prepared. 

— DU-pen'sa-tO-ry (-pSn'si-tft-ry), a. Grant- 
ing, or able to grant, dispensations. ^ n. A book 
of directions for compounding medicines ; pharw 
macopoeia. — Dls'pen-sa'tlon (dIs'pSn-sS'shlin), 
n. A dispensing or dealing out ; a license to do 
what is forbidden. 

Dla-persa' (dls-pSrs'), v. t. [Dispbbsbd (-pSrsf ) ; 
DiSFBBSiNO.] To scatter ; to dispel ; to spread. 
^ V. i. To separate ; to vanish. — DlB-per'aioll 
(-per'shiin), n. A scattering or dissipating. 

Dis-plr'lt (dls-pTr^rt), 1;. /. To dishearten; to 
deject ; to intimidate ; to frighten. 

Dis-plaoe' (dTs-plSs'), v. t. [I&flaobd (-plasf ) ; 
Displacing.] To put out of place ; to depose ; 
to derange ; to dismiss ; to discard. — Dls* 
plaoe'meilt (-ment), n. A displacing. 

Dis-play' (dTs-pla'), v. /. &, %, [Displatbd 
(-plad') ; Displaying.] To unfold ; to spread 
wide ; to exhibit ; to iKirade ; to expand. -• n. 
An unfolding ; exhibition ; ostentatious show. 

Dis-please' (dTs-plez'), v. t. & i. [Displeased 
(-plezd') ; Displeasing.] To offend ; to disgust ; 
to vex ; to affront. — Difl-pleas'IlTe (-plSzh'ur), 
n. Slight anger or irritation ; disapprobation. 

Dis-pose' (dYs-poz'), V. t, [Disposed (-pozd'); 
Disposing.] To place ; to incline , to adapt ; to 
fit ; to adjust ; to bestow. — DlS-posed' (-pozd'), 
a. Inclined ; minded. — Dis-pos'er (-poz'er), n. 

— Dis-pos'a-'ble (-&-b'l), a. Subject to disposal ;* 
available for use. — Dis-poa'al (-^1), n. Act or 
power of disposing ; management ; conduct ; 
control. — Dls^po-Sl'tlon (dts/pS-zTsh'Qn), n. 
A disposing ; distribution ; order ; temper 01 
aptitude of mind ; moral character ; tendency. 

Dis^pos-sass' (dTs'pSz-zSs' or -pSs-sgs'), v. t. To 
put out of possession ; to eject. — Dls^pos-ses'- 
Sion (-zSsh'Un or -sSsh'Qn), n. Act of dispos- 
sessing ; state of being dispossessed 

Dls-proof (dTs-proof), n. A proving to be false ; 
confutation ; refutation. 

Dis^pro-portion (dTs'pro-por'shfin), n. Want of 
proportion, symmetry, or suitableness. ^ v. t. 
To make unsuitable ; to mismatch. — DlS^PTO- 
poT'tlon-al (-al), Dls^pro-por'tlon-ate (-at), a. 
Not proportioned ; unsuitable. 

fSm, recent, drb, r^de, full, lim, food, fo'ot, out, oil, cliair, so, sins* ink* then, tliilk 




IMl- prove' (dTB-pro&v'), V. /. [DnvBOTiD 
(•prS&vdO ; DispBOYiHa.] To prove to be false ; 
to ooof ute ; to refute. 

DlB-pute' (dts-put^), V. i, & U To debate ; to 
ooutest ; to queation ; to areue. — n. A verbal 
oootest ; delmte ; struggle ; difference ; quarrel. 
— DU^U-ta-Ue (dTs^pft-tArb'l), a. Capable of 
being disputed; controvertible. — DU^U-tant 
(•tant), a. Disputing. — n. One who disputes ; 
an opponmt ; a controvertist. — Dis^pu-tatlQll 
(-tS^8h&n)f n. Controversy ; argumentation. 

DU-qnal'l-fy (dls-kwSl'T-fi), v. t. [Disqualified 
(-fid) ; DiSQUALDTiNO.] To render unfit ; to in- 
capacitate; to disable. — DU-qnal'1-fi-oatlon 
(-kwSl'I-fl-ka'shfin), n. Want of qualification ; 
that which disqualifies or incapacitates. 

DlB-qnl'et (dTs-kwi'St), n. Want of quiet ; unea- 
siness ; anxiety, i— v, t, [Dibquxktbd ; DiSQUi- 
vriNa.] To make uneasy or restless ; to dis- 
turb. — Dis- qui' et-BOSSi DU-qnl'e-tnde 
(-&-tud), n. Want of peace or tranquillity ; un- 
easiness; disturbance; anxiety. 

DU^qnl-Bl'tlon (dTs^kwY-sTsh'tin), n. A formal 
discu ss i on of any subject ; a diaaertation. 

DLrre-gard' (dls^ri-gard'), V. /. To pay no heed 
to; to neglect; to slight. i—n. Act of disre- 
garding ; omission to notice. 

Jwre-puta' (dYs^rt-put^), n. Loss or want of 
repute or credit. — Dis-rep'll-ta-blo (-rSp^d-tA- 
b*l), a. Not reputable ; low ; shameful. 

DlS'ra-speot' (dls^rti-spSkf), n. Want of respect ; 
incivility ; discourtesy. — v, t. To show disre- 
spect to. — Dls^re-speotful (-f vl)* <>• Wanting 
in respect ; uncivil. — Dit^re-spootfnl-ly, adv. 

Ul-XUpV (dTs-rfipf), a. Bent asunder ; broken. 
•— V. L To burst ; to rend. — Dla-rnption (-rQp'- 
flhfin), Dlft-rnp'tlire (-riip'tur), n. A rending 
asunder. — Dls-rnpt'lve (-Hip'tTv), a. Causing 
or accompanied by disruption ; bursting. 

Ul-Bat'ls-xy (dTs-sStTs-fi), V. t. To displease. — 
Dis-satls-lac'tlon (-Ts-fSk'shfin), n. Discon- 
tent ; displeasure ; distaste ; dislike. 

DlB-seot' (dls-sSkf ), V. t. To cut in pieces and 
examine minutely. — DlS-seot'GT (-^k'ter ), r*. 
An anatomist. — Dls-BOG'ttQll (-shiin), n. Act 
of dissecting ; anatomy. 

Dis-semOble (dTs-sSm'b'l), v. t. & i, [Dibsbmblsd 
(-b'ld) ; DissBMBLiNo.] To conceal ; to feign.; to 

DlB-sem'i-nate (dls - s8m ' T • nat), v. t. To sow 
(seed) ; to scatter for growth and propagation ; 
to spread : to diffuse ; to circulate. — Dis-Bam'- 
i-na'tor (-nS'tSr), n. — Dis-seml-nation (-T- 
na'shtln), n. Diffusion ; dispersion. 

Dia-senf (dTs-sSnf ), v. i. To differ in opinion ; 
to disagree ; to differ from the established 
church. ^ n. Act of dissenting ; disagreement 
from an established church, esp. that of Eng- 
land. — - Dis-sent'er, n. — Dls-sen'sion (^sSn'- 
shtln), n. Violent disagreement ; strife. 

DlB^ser-tatlon ( dTs^sSr-ta^shOn ), n. A formal 
discourse ; a disquisition ; an essay. 

Dla-sey'er (dTs-sBv^r), v. t. To part in two ; to dia> 
unite. — Dis-sey'er-anoe (-ans), n. Separation. 

Dls-Blml-lar (d¥s-sTmT-18r), 0. Unlike; hetaro- 
ffeueous. — Dla-Blm'l-lar-ly, adv. — DlB-alml- 
url-ty (-T-lSr^-tj^), n. Want of resembhuice. 

Dia-Blm'n-lata (dTs-sTm'^-lat), v. %. To dissem- 
ble ; to feign. — Dla-Blm'U-lamon (-ti-lS'sh&n), 
n. A feigning ; a false pretense ; hypocrisy. 

Dla'ai-pata (dls'sT-pat), v. t. To drive asunder ; 
to disperse ;■ to spend ; to squander ; to lavidu 
— v. i. To waste away ; to vanish ; to be extrav- 
agant, wasteful, or cuaBolute. — Dia'ai-pa'tloii 
(-pS'shfin), n. Act of dissipating or dispersing ; 
dissolute life; prof useness; distracted attention. 

DU/ao-lute (dls'si-lut), a. Loose in morals ; wild ; 
wanton; lax; licentious; debauched. 

Dla^ao-lu'ttoil (dTs^si-lu'sbtin), n. Act of dis- 
solving, or separating into component parts; 
extinction of life; death; ruin. 

Dls-solva' (dTz-z51v'), v, t. & I. [Dissolved 
(-z51vd') ; Dissolving.] To separate into com- 
ponent parts ; to melt ; to terminate. 

Dis^ao-nant (dTs's^-nant), a. Discordant; in- 
congruous ; harsh to the ear. — Dla'ao-liaiioa 
(-nans), Dis'ao-Bail-cy {-mmrts$\ n. A discord. 

Du-Bliada'(dlB4wadO,t;.<. To advise against ; to 
divert (from an act) by persuasion. — jDlB-ana'- 
aion (-swa'zhiSn). n. Act of dissuading. — Dla- 
aaa'alye (-swa'sl v), a. Tending to dissuade. — 
n. An argument to deter one from a measure. 

DlB-sylOa-ble (dT8-sTl'ift.b*l or dTs'sTl'A-b'l). n. 
A word of two syllables. ~ Dia'ayl-lab'lG (dls^- 
sTl-lSbTk)) ft. Having two syllables only. 

Dla'taff (dls'taf ), n. A staff holding flax, tow, or 
wool, from which thread is drawn 
In spinning. 

Dl8-taln'(dTs-tanO,v.f. [Dibtainsd 
(-tandO ; DiSTAiNiNo.] To stain ; 
to sully ; to defile. 

Dla'tance (dTs'tans), n. The space 
between bodies; remoteness; re- 
serve, ^v. t. [Distanced (-tonst) ; 
DisTANcmG.] To place at a dis- 
tance; to outstrip in a race; to^ 
surpass greatly.— Dlatant (-tant), 
a. Far separated ; remote iuj 
place, time, connection, etc. ; shy ; ' 
cold; faint; obscure; as from a 
distance. —Dla'tant-l7,a<f v. At Diatafl. 
a distance; remotely; with reserve. 

Dla-taate' (dTs-tSst'), n. Disrelish ; dislike ; aver- 
sion ; diE^st. — v. t. To dislike ; to loathe. — 
Dla-taatGKfnl (-fyl), a. Unpleasant ; offensive. 

Dla-tam'par (dis-t6m'pSr), v. t. [Distbmfebsd* 
(-pSrd) ; DisTEan^ERiKa. J To derange the func- 
tions of ; to disturb ; to affect with disease. —n. 
Malady ; sickness ; bad temper ; a painter's prep- 
aration of colors with glue or size, instead of oil. 

Dia-tend' (dTs-tSndOi v. t. & i. To lengthen out 
or spread in all directions ; to expand ; to sweU. 
— DiS-tm'tton (dTs-tSn'shtin), n. Expansion. 

Dla'tlGlL (dTs'tTk), n. A couplet ; two poetic linea. 

Dla-tlU' (d^B-tnO, Dis-til', V. i. [Distilled 

(-tTld); Distilling.] To fall in drops; to flow 

'gently; to practice distillation. ^f. t. To let 

fall in drops ; to extract spirits from ; to rectify ; 

ftiSs Ii 8i O, long i A, «, I, A, a, j^, itaort ; lenAte, dvaiit, td«A, 6bey, <lBite, cftre, ttrm, 4ak, 111], i^^ 




toparify.— DlB-tUl'er, n. -DiM-m^n-ji-ir-f), 
n. A puce where diatilling is done. — SU'tUrlil'- 
tUm (dls'ttUi^sh&n), n. A distilling. 
Dll-tllicr ( dTa - tlQkt ' ), a. Separate ; definite ; 
clear ; plain ; not confuaed. — Bls-tinotly, adv. 

— Dls-tinot^nsss, n. — Dls-tiiio'tion (-tTnk'- 
8httn), n. Difference ; Buperioritv ; rank ; note. 
— Du-tlno'ttTd (-tTv), a. Marking or expreaa- 
ing distinction. — DlB-tlnotlTa-ly, adv, 

IMft-tta'KnlslL (dTs-tln'gwTsii), v. L [Dibtzh- 
ouisMsD (-gwlsht) ; DisTZKonisHiNa.] To note 
the difference between ; to diacriminate ; to sig> 
mdize; to honor. ^ v. i. To make disttncUona ; 
to exercise discrimination. — Dlflrtln'cnisll-A- 
IllO (-ft^bU), a. Capable of being distinguished. 

— Dis-tln'Knlillod (-gwlsht), a. Sminent; 
conspicuous; illustrious. 

DUhtort' (dls-tdrt^), V. L To twist out of shape ; 
to wrest ; to pervert ; to bend. — DlS-tOT'UOll 
(-tdr'shlixk), n. Act of distorting; state of being 
twisted out of shape ; a visible deformity. 

DlA-traot' (dTs-trSkt^), v.t. To perplex ; to con- 
fuse; to agitate; to craze. — Dis-tno'tton 
(•47Sk'shfin), n. Confusion; disorder; diaaen- 
oion; derangement. — Dls-traot^lve (-tTv), a, 
Caxuing perplexity ; distracting. 

Dls-tnilglLt'(dTs-tratOta. Distracted. 

Sil-tresa' (dis-tr6a'), n. [Distrksssd (-trBstO; 
Di8TRB88iMa.1 Extreme pain ; misery ; adver- 
sity. ^ V. i. To pain ; to grieve. 

DlB-txiynte (dTs-trTb'dt), v. /. To divide among 
sevenl; to separate into daaaea; to deal; to 
■bare ; to aasign. <— v. <. To make distribution. 
— Dls-triVu-tor (-d-tSr), n.— Dis'txl-bu'tton 
(dis'trl-bu'shiin), n. Act of distributing ; allot- 
ment. — Dls-trlW-tlve (-trTb'd-tlv), a. Dis- 
trtbnting ; expressing division ; dealhig to each 
his proper sluure. 

DlS^triot (dTstrlkt), n. A portion of territory; 
a tract ; a region ; a count^. -•v. /. To divide 
into districts. 

DlB-tmst' (dl8-trttstO> V. /. To suspect ; to mis- 
trust ; to disbelieve. — n. Doubt of reality or 
sincerity ; suiQ^icion of evil designs. — Dls- 
tnutfClU C-f \l1), o. Apt to distrust ; suspicious. 

Dls-tnil)' (dYs-tdrb'), v. t. [Distubbid (-tOrbd') ; 
DisTDBBor 0.1 To disorder ; to agitate ; to stir ; 

to move.— DlB-titflKW;!!. — DlB-toiUl'aiioe 
(-ons). n. Confusion ; disorder ; agitation. 

Du-vn^iOE (dTs-iLyyiin), n. Termination, or want, 
of union. — Dls-nn'loiklft, n. An advocate d 
disunion. — Dia^u-nite' (dla^6-nit0t v, t. &i. 
To divide : to part ; to sever ; to separate. 

DlS-nse' (dla-us0» n. Cessaticm of use or of cus- 
tom ; desuetude. — DIb-USO' (-US'), v. t. [Dis- 
UBBD (-uzd') ; DiBTTSiHO.] To coase to use or prac- 
tice ; to diraccustom. 

Ditdl (dToh), n. A trench in the earth. —«./.& 
«. [i>rroHSD (dTcht); Ditchiho.] To dig a 
ditch or ditches (in). 

Dirto (dTt't^), n. That which has been said; 
same thing. i— adv. As before; in the same 
manner; uso; — written <lo. or ". 

Dtrty (dTtOJ^), n. A song; a Uttle poem. 

Diving BelL 

Dl-U'&al (dt-ttr'nol), a. DaiJiy ; recnrring ev«>y 
day ; performed in a day. — Di-nxflial-ly, adv. 
Daily ; every day. 

Dive (div), V. i, [DxYKD (divd), eoUoq. Dova 
(d5v) ; Dxvoia.] To plunge into water head first ; 
to aink ; to penetrate, ^n. A diving ; a plungp 
headforemost into water. — DlT'OT (div'er), ». 
One who dives ; a diving 
bird.— Divine belL A 
hollow veasel, in which 
men may descend and 
work under water. 

Dl-vexf a' (dl-vSrjO, v. i. 
[DivsBOBD (-vSrjd'); 
DiVKBonra.] To deviate 
from a given course or 
line. — Dl-verge^ent, 
Dl-Ter^g0iioe (-ver'- 
j«ns), Dl-ver'gtn-oy 
(-jen-e^), n. A receding 
from each other. — Df 
▼er^gOlt (-jent), a. De- 
viating from a given 
point or direction ; sep- 
arating from each other. 

Dl'ven (di'vSrz), a. Several ; sundry. 

Dl'Ytne ( di'vSrs or dt-vira' ), a. Different in 
kind; unlike ; dissimilar. — adv. In different 
directions. — Dl'TflTM-Iy, adv. In different 
ways; differentiy; variously; in different di- 
rections. — Dl-T«r'Bl-f7 (dl-vSir'sT-fi}, v. L To 
make diverse or various. — Dl-ver'n-fl-oatlQll 
(dt-vSr'sT-fT-ldk'shlin), n. Modification ; change. 

— Dl-ver'il-ty (dt-vgr'sl-ty), n. Difference; 
unlikeness; variety. 

Dl-vert^ (dY-vSrtQ, v. t. To turn aside ; to amuse ; 
to entertain. — Dl-ver^alon (dT-vSr'shiln), n. A 
turning aside ; a distraction ; an amusement. 

Dl-VOSt' (dY-vSsf), v,t. To atrip ; to deprive. 

Dl-vldA' (dT-vidO, V, t. & i. To part ; to separate ; 
to distribute. — Dl-vld'er, n. One who divides 
or deals out ; pi. an instrument for dividing 
lines, describing circles, etc. ; compasses. 

Dlv'l-dtnd (dTva-dSnd), n. Number or quantity 
to be divided; sum, share, or percent^e of 
stock or profits divided among stockholders, 
creditors, etc 

Dl-Tlno' (dl-vin'), a. Belonging to God ; godlike ; 
holy ; sacred, ^n. A clergyman ; a theologian. 

— v. /. & i. [DnriKXD (-vindO t DivnnHG.] To 
foretell; to predict; to conjecture. — Di-Tine'- 
ly, cuiv. In a godlike manner ; by the agency of 
God. — Dl-Vln'1-ty (-vTn1-ty), n. Divine n»> 
ture ; deity ; God ; science of divine things ; 
theol<^. — DlY'l-natiOll (dTv'T-na'shiin), n. 
A divining or foretelling future events ; omen. 

Dl-Tls'l-IOd (dT-vTzT-b'l), a. Capable of being 
divided.— Dl-'?lrk-bll1-ty(-l-bni-tJ^),n. Qual- 
ity of being divisible. 

Dl-vl'8lon ( dl - vTzh ' an ), n. A dividinj? ; that 
which divides ; a portion separated by dividing : 
difference in opi^on or o(mdition ; a section of 
an army or fleet commanded by a general officer. 

Dl-yl'MT (dT-vi's8r), n. A mimber that dividea 

tfcD, nosDty Arbi nide^ t^ Una, iiRid, icRvfei outi oUf ebattf co» aiiiSf iQkt ttftSOt Uiia. 




another. — Common diylsor. Any number ca- 
pable of dividiug two or more numbers without 
a remamder. 

Di-yorce' (dY-vSrs'), n. A legal dissolution of the 
marriage contract. ^ v. t, [Ditobcxd (-vSrsf) ; 
DiYOBGiNG.] To separate by divorce ; to sunder. 

Di-vulge' (dl-vfilj'), v. t. [DiyuLGBD (-viiljd') ; 
DiYULOiNO.] To make public ; to disclose. 

Slz'zy (dlz'zj^), a. [Dizzier; Dizziest.] Af- 
fected with vertigu; giddy; indistinct; heedless. 
^v. t. To confuse. — Diz'zl-ness, n. 

Do (do), n. A syllable indicating the first tone ol 
the major diatonic scale for solmization. 

Do. (dlt'ti), n. Abbreviation of Ditto. 

Do (doo), V. t, &i.,& auxiliary, [imp. Did (dtd) ; 

p. p. DoNB (dOn) ; p. pr. & vb. n. Doura (dol- 
ing).] To act; to perform; to practice; to 
effect; to answer the purpose. — Do'ex, n. 

Doo'ile (dSs'Tl or dossil), a. Teachable ; ready 
to learn ; tractable. — Do-oUI-ty (-sll1-tj^), n. 

Dock(d5k), n. A plant ; weeds. 

Dook (d5k), n. The solid part of a horse^s tail ; 
the stump of a tail left fUTter clipping. •— v. t. 
[Docked ( dSkt ) ; Docking.] To cut off } to 
curtail ; to clip. 

Dock (dSk), n. A basin for ships; space for an 
accused person in court.^v. <• To place (a 
vessel) in a dock. 

Dook'et (dSk'St), n. A siunmary ; a label tied to 
goods ; a list of cases before a court, or of busi- 
ness to be transacted. -« v. t. [Docketed ; 
DocKBTiNa.] To make an abstract of ; to label. 

Doctor (dSk'ter), n. One qualified to teach, or 
licensed to practice, medicine ; a physician, i— 
V, t. [Doctoebd (-tSrd) ; Doctorino.] To at- 
tend or treat as a physician ; to tamper with. 

Doctrine (dSk^Tn), n. Instruction; what is 
taught ; di^niia; tenet. — Doctri-nal (-trl-nal), 
a. Pertaining to, or containing, doctrine. 

Doo'n-ment (d&'u-ment), n. Written instruction. 
^v. t. To furnish with documents. 

Dodge (d&j), V. i. & t. [Dodged (dSjd) ; Dodg- 
ing.] To start suddenly aside ; to evade. «- n. 
An evading ; a device or trick. — Dodg'er, n. 

DCdO (dS'dd), n. ; pi. Dodoes (-doz^. A large ex- 
tinct bird, once inhabiting Mauritius. 

Doe (do), n. A female deer or rabbit. — Doo'Bkin' 
(-skTn^), n. The akin of the doe; compact, 
twilled woolen cloth. 

Do'er (doo'er), n. One who does or performs ; an 
actor ; an agent. 

Does (dQz), 3a pers. sing. pres. ind. of Do. 

Doff (d5f ), V. t. To put off (dress). 

Dog (dSg), n. A quadruped of many varieties t a 
mean, worthless fellow ; an andiron ; a grapplh^ 
iron ; the carrier of a lathe. -» v. t. [DiooGBD 

idSgd) ; Dogging.] To follow persistently. — 
>Og'ged (-gSd), a. Sullen ; morose ; obstinate. 
— Dog'ged-l7, adv. — Dog ' god - ness, n. — 

Dog'glSA (-gish), a. Churlish; snappish. — 
Dog'ger-el (-gSr-81), a. Low in style and ir- 
regular in i)oetical measure. — n. Mean verse. 
— Dog'cart' (-kKrf), n. A light two-wheeled, 
one-horse carriage.— Dog days. The sultry 

summer days from July to September. ••Dog'— 
eared^ (-01^^ )t <>• Having the comers of the 
leaves tumea down; — said of a'book. — Dog'- 
Hall' (-fIshO, n. A kind of small shark. — Dog 
Star. Sirius, a star of the first magnitude. 

Dog'ma (dfig^mft), n. ; pi. £. Dogmas (-m&z), L. 
Dogmata (-m&-t&). An established tenet ; per- 
emptory opinion ; maxim ; tenet. — Dog-mat'io 
(d5g-mSt^k), Dog-mat'lo-al (-I-kal), a. Per- 
taining to a dogma ; positive ; overbearing. 

Dog'WOOd' (dSg'wdddOi n. A large shrub or 
small tree, having very hard wood. 

Dol'ly (doi^), n. A small colored napkin. 

Do'tnga (dooangz), n. Things done ; actions. 

DoleT<iol), n. Dealing; apportionment; share; 
portion ; alms. ^ v. t. [Doled (d51d) ; Dolino.] 
To distribute (alms) ; to deal out scantily. 

Dole (dol), n. Grief ; sorrow ; lamentation. — 
Doleful (-fvl)» <(* Piteous ; sorrowful ; woeful ; 
melancholy ; dismal. — Dole'lol-ly, adv. 

DoU (d5I), n. A puppet or baby for a child. 

Dollar (dOllSr), n. A silver coin of the United 
States, equal to 100 cents; a similar coin of 
Mexico, South America, Spain, etc. 

DClor (do'lSr), n. Pam ; grief ; distress. — Dol'- 
or-ona (d51'Sr-&s), a. Doleful ; distressing. — 
Dol'or-ons-ly, adv. 

Dol'pbin (dQl'f Tn), n. A cetacean ; a fish about 
five feet long, which changes its ooloiB wbeo 


Dolt (dolt), n. A heavy, stupid fellow; a dunoe i 
a simpleton. — Dolfiall (-Tsh), a. Stupid. 

Do-main' (di-man'), n. Dominion; authority ( 
extent of territory. 

Dome (d5m), n. A building ; a house ; a vaulted 
roof ; a cupola. 

Do-mea'ttO (d^-mSs'tTk), a. Belonging to, or 
fond of, one*s house or home ; living in, or near, 
men's homes ; tame ; made at home, not abroad, 
i— n. A house servant; pi. articles of home 
manufacture. — Do-mea'tf-oate (-tT-kSt), v. t. 
To make domestic; to tame. — Do-mos'ti-oa'- 
tlon (-ka'shfin), n. Act of domesticating.— 
Do'mea-tio'i-ty (do^mSs-tts^-tJ^), n. State of 
being domestic ; household life. 

Dom'1-Oile (dSma-sTl), n. An abode or residenco. 

Doml-nate (dOml-nat), v. t. To rule ; to gov- 
ern, -^v, %. To predominate. — Dom' 1 -nailt. 
(-nant), a. Ruling ; prevailing. — n. Fifth tone 
of the scale. — Dcm'l-nanoe (-nans), Dom'l- 
nan-oy (-non-sj^), n. Predominance; ascen- 
dency. — Doml-na'tton (-nS'shiSn), n. DomixH 
ion ; government ; authority. 

Dem'1-neer' (dSm'T-nSr'), v. <. [DoMnmaaaD 
(-nSrdO ; Dominebbino.] To role arbitrarily. 

Do-min'lO-al (di-mlnT-kal), a. Indicating t]i» 

S, e, I, o, a, long ; A, 6, i, 5, 0, j^, abort ; senAte, «Tent, td«s 6bey , finite, oAi^ ttrm, Ask, ||11, lli^ 


Lord*fe dayi oi Suudi^ i nlatdng tO| er glnui 

Do-miiil-un (dA-mTo'lt-kaD), il Ona of An or- 
der of monks f omidad b; l>omiiiio dfi QiumuL 
DO^lBlB'loa (d&-mln'yDii), n. Borereign authOr- 

Daa^ao (J5iu1-dC). ii.;pt, DoHuofl or -sou 
{-nBi). A hood I • clonk !» j . j i ; j p - .i -a 


Bijnior; » litis at cour- Domuum. 

Don (.Ma), v. I. [Dobsid (dCnd); Dosinira.] 

To put on ; — opposed ta dajf. 
WlMH-a'iai),v.t. T»BiTeitobMtow;top«- 

Hnt.— Do'iiar(-nnc},llD»««rUi(d«-uaar;,n. 

Aiiw.-DMiM'Cdt-ue^, n. One to whom 

■diBiatioii IbsItsd. — So-iatlan (-uX'sbOn), n. 

Tli« uA at gmnf , or the thing ginui ; & girt ; 

■ grvit ; m l^il trtmifer to BDOtlisr of ths title 

to ujthlikg, wHhoat oon^denUoiL 
Dons (dfln), n. p. from Do, v. 
DOn'tol (dOn'SJ), n. ,- pi. Doi 

D^ior. n. Sh'u 

Doom (doom), n. Donioncei juagmenti law.- 
V, I. [DoouD (dsanvl); Dooinm.] To pn 

ji (dCtonu'dS'), n. Da; of Judgmen 

m^ia (dSi'Hp^), h. 4 'po 

Ooi (dBr). 

1 ; hedge-ahAfer. 

iMyrl-m), D0Pl0(d5tait), a, 1 

Dor'AUnt (dOr'mant), 0. filftflplng; quleflcent; 
not diKloHd or inlMed on, — DDT'lOia- 07 

Doi'nar (dBr'mSr), n., SoRUT irlnAow. An 

Dorw-ta-tT I dflf '"'-tt-rj), ». A ilee^ng 

DOI^OKH (dSr'niona), B. ,' pi. Dobmuji (-n^^ 
A xmUl rodent mim- 

Ireee like the «|uiT. 3 
rel, Bud ii tHpId 

Darm (dSr'Hil 
FertBlnlDg to 

■Pid y 

DtfW (dy^), ». A n„ - 

millll boat, baring a i»nnon«. 

Oat bottom a&d ilwp prow. 

D*M(dSi),n. Iba quantity cd mMiobM glTCn * 

Mo, naail, Orb, r||da, lyll, am, IBM, M 

(dJIat) : Dou»!]Ia glre la doaea. 
Dust (dOat), ild peri. ting. prii. ol Dd, v. 
Dot (dSt). R. A email poiiiC or epat.— V. (. & 1. 

[DomD ; DoTTUia.] To mark wiCb dotL 
Data (d»), V. i. [Donn ; Dams. ] To beoome 

alllT from ase or from kree. — Dof ai (^Sr), n. 

— IMtaid (diytiTd), n. A man nhoae mind ie 

ImpalredbjHe.— D0'11|:a(-tt]),fi. Chlldilll- 

JMOl {i<ltii),Sd peri, tli^.pra. otDo, f. 
Doflai-d tdai>^T-«l), n. A wading bird of tha 

Florer fainlly ; ■ ilUy fellow ; a dupe ; a gulL 
Donnila (dSb"!), a. Twofold ; multiplied by 

twoi in pain; deceitful.— aff. Twice; two- 

(-irng~] ' To fold ; to make twofold ; to paai 

tdck ; artlflce ; Foaalerpart. ~ Dontilai (dKb'- 
lii), n. — DontiU-iuu, n. — Don'bly, adv. 

Soob'lot (dab'lSt), n. A pair ; a ooople ; a waU- 
coat I pL two dice ahomnf the aame number. 

DanM(d(nrt),T.i^ TabeiunapenMttDhaaitate; 

n. Dnca^luty ; nupenie ; feiu ; appnbaialon \ 
dread. — DoBU'arfXr), n.— SDBtrrfnK^vl), 
a. Unc«rt^n ; dubioua i equivocal ; ambigiuHia ; 
queitlonable I huardous. — OonWtW* ( -Ifc ), 

-■- Without doubt ; unquartianably. 

{dBl, n. Unbakei paate of bread. — 

Doncli <dti), 

Dsnch'T (ia- 3 I, a, 

lieavy ; flabby \ crudi 

n. A aake fried In Ui 
DoniJi'tT(don'tJ), o. Braiejredc 
Donit (dmu), v. 1. ~ ' ' 

IHS.] TDDlunm: 
Dove (dliv 

Danm'niit (dS-nDt), 
[bonini (douat) ; Dotrt- 

SOTS'DOt' (' 

place far pigaona to ro 
D0T»T»U' (da.'til'),n. 

A joint made by lattlni: 

tail epread, ioto a caiTMpondlng I "^"^^^ 
cavity in another, KHhal it ciii/- - ml 
natbedr.woout.-B.(. [Dev^-jfLiLjU / 
TULID (-Cald')l DOTITAlLINO.]imii/ 
To loin tightly. 
)OWdy ( dou'dj ), o. Awkward ; 
111 dressed ; nilgar-lookingi bIot. 
erJy.— n. An fnolBBUit woman. 
-DoWflT-tah (ttb), a. J- 

ro or Haw. 

k fitting la 
n position. — r. 


Dn-foon' (di4-e»an'), n. A mounlsd inUlirt 
wtiiyBOB, — V.I. [ItexeomriD (-gsaud'}) 
n lo f^u„ m BubJeoUon; to 


Snr^ (dtni'if ), K. out ; property whlcli a 
wJtfl brmgB ber liiuibuid lu murUge. 
Down IdDuu), n. FEiie hairy outerowth from the 
iklD of Mi.iiuihi or pUnla. — fiown'y (-J), a. 

Somi (doim], ixti. 

(doun'kisf ), a. Cut doimffard i dlncted Co 

n TBuCUUhig shaft in a mine, drawing air down- 
ward.— DownlRll' (Ijtl'). n- A dMoent from 

rulii.'--DQWii'lli«V«l(-hSrfM)', o. DelKlei 

ill ipiriti Snni'Ull' (-hll'), n. Dedliit}' ; 

deBcaot ; blope. ^ a, IlwwiidiDe ; DJoping- — 
JtVtn.'llthV {-riV), adv. Btmighl down ; per- 

KdlDulatly i in pUia terma ; absolutely^ ^ a. 
ID ! unceniBoitloiiB : blunt ; abwluts ; un- 
miied — Down'wlTd (-wSrd), Dmrn'wirdi 
l-^trdi).adv. From ■ Ughar [ku to > lower. 
— DdWIl'wlTd, a. Dewending. 
Dowa'V (doiu]'5)i a- Covered vdth down ; eofb. 
SOW^, n. Bee under Dona. 

Sialn'ua C-tl), n. A dniniog. 
_I«kaldiafe), n. Amalednck. 
Dnm (drtm), n. A weight ; ~ la Apotllfiarie^ 

__j_*, I _.._^_ -f eogr^nfl; — in ^iwrdupD^ 
or 2f gniui ; a njiuute quao* ' 

U (dOL-,. 

Soz-oKa-Er (d 


It bTTun of 

Dia'mi(3^i'tiiiardii'int), n. A 
poUtloni atraHodv; a comedy; 
mit'lo (drt-mltlk), Dn-DuVK 
Pertalnliig to, or reBembliog. a dramL 

Drank, imp, & p. p. of Bun, 

Drapi (drap), t. I. [Dbaped (drSpt) ; DuFIsa.] 
To cover or adocu with drapery. — Dti'PU 
[diS'pir), n. A deolor in cloths. — DlA'ptT-J 
l-f), n. Cloth I garmeuta; haogmRn- 

Dllllfllt (drift),!). Act of dmwhig or pulling, o( 
loada. of drinking, et^:. ; a detachmeut ; 

chBckin<Bd board | c 

SOM (dSz), TJ. i. [man (dOidl ; Donno-I 1 
dumber. — Doi'T (dSi-J), 0. Drowuy ; iTeep 

Osg'aii (dOz'-n), ». & a. TwcIto. 

Drat (drib), n. Thick woolen cloth of dnllcoloi 
a duU brannish color. — a. Of a dim color. 

OnVKe IdHlb^'l). r. I. To dranls ; w befonl 

Dnolun (drEm), Onoli'ma (dnk'mJi), n. 
weight i ■ 

Bnrel* (d>*g'g'l), 
^und; to dral. 

Dnc'im (drSg^ln), 

luard. — Dnif SO' 

•t (-ft), n. AliCtle dng- 

tamily. — Dr«n 


[DauinD ( driod ) ; 

- ; pi. s. game played on a 

:kerB.<— a. UaedfcrdT&w- 

barrel.— c. f. To drav 

forth. — Dnuwhla'niM (drifta'- 

>riw (drii) T.I. an. {imp. Dmw tdnrt ! p. p. 
U^wajiiffi): p. pr. Dh.wibo,] To Srag; 

to eitflnd ; to require a depth of (water, etc.), 
inorderIflfloat.^n. Act of drawii^ ; drauglit ; 
moiaHepartofadrawbridM.— Bmw'M: (drjl'- 
ir), n. Oue wlio drawa (^cturei, a bOl of ei- 
cfaange,etc.){ thing drawn ; a HlldEng reoeptad* 
In a case ; pt. an UDdergarment for tin lege. — 
~Dr>ir^l£t: ". Act of pulling or attraotlnc ; ■ 
delineatioi\ ; a picture ; a diatnbution of piiua 
In a lottery, etc. — Dnw'buk' (dT|i)'1ila['), n. 
A blDdrance ; Ion of advanlaKe ; money r». 
funded.— DnVliriata' (-brlj'}, n. A brldga 

I)nWlBC<.i«nB' (dri^ug-rSSni'), n. 

■, B, I, S, «, lODg ; A, «, 1, 5, B, t, ahort i MnAla, ewd, Idn, «b»7t A 

<,«•», inhbk,«ll,b 


the T»c«ptUHi of compviy, or to ■ 
wltbdrswD trota tba dialog roDm 
■Bmbled ; reception of comuny. 
Dnwl (drill), V. I. & i. tD"i 
DmiwuNO.] To — - ■ 

, ,.... Dr«T'M:«(iii*tJ), 

n, Uu o( 4 dray ; pkymeut lor luob use. ■ 
UnT'mUl (-man), n. Drirsr ot ■ drey. 

Dnad (driW), I. i; & i. To fur g»«tly.-i 

a. ExolciaK (ear or awfi | t4nlb^ ; v«D«nibl 
— UTMS'tlQ (drSd'fijl), a. ImpiriDK drac 

Dnua (drSm), n. A ileeplHE vision ; s re™ri< 
» »"g"T- — f. <- & *. [BMimiD (drSmd) i 
DiuKT (drSmt): Duunsa.] To tUbik In 
•laep; tofsncy.— t>iMiit'«r(-ir),n.— DrauB'y 

Dnu'(drEr), IirMT^|-f),°- BoTToirf ul I coai- 

fortteM ; dumil ; gloomy. — DlUI^-lT, adv. 
jn*igt(dr(i),n, ABMbineforlaWiwupmud, 

(drii'jd) ; DuDaniaj To cU<:h.KUber, or deepen 
with B dredge. — Drtdf*! (4r), n. Odb KbD 
flAhea with fe dndga ; A dredging nucblno. 

DndfS (di«l), t. I. To lift or iprlnkls (Bour, 
ot«0. onroiitiiKniert.etc. — DMflJ'M, B. A 
bor with pArfotaud Ud, for iprinkllng flour, etc- 

Dns (drSg), n. Corrupt nutter In ■ lk|uld ; leei ; 
HdUnent; refine. — Trw'gUll (drlfe'gldi), 
Onfcy (:gf )t !>■ Coutidnnig dreg! ; foul. 

Dnnu (driwjh), i. f. [DBBncHui (drCnoht) ; 
DBUrcHDH.] Towetthoreugbly; lodoH.— n. 
A drink ; ft nAdlalne that chubh purging. 

Draw (drfii), v. t. [Duoud (di«tt) ; Dbhsdis.] 
To nuke tttalght : to arrange (eoldlen) In a 
■tntight lino ; to adjiut i to clothe ; to dock ; to 

■ Udy's gown. — Dr««t'e(. ". One who dreBHS, 
Data In. order, dreuai wounda, etc. ; a cupboard 
lor food, di^iea, etc. — DiButnt. n. unm ; 

food for eMbiff ; atofflng ; manure. — llTMl'y 

Drttil«(drlb'b'l), «. t [DuntLlDCdrrbTi'ldl: 
DuaaLiSQ.] TofiUlindVopa; torisTer.-t-f. 
To throw down In droph — DHb^ltt (-blEt , 
Dllbatt (-let), R. A •miOl piece, part, or >um. 

SlUI (driltl, n. A drlvl^; direction in nbio 

™i.,i(. To'drlra^ to'fD?^n"hBapl?"^ 
DiUl (drn), F. ,. [Dsman (drtld) ; Dbilldio. 

dlere,et<;.j;tod{Klp]iDe!^ry<. io trai^roil^' 
Mir),— B. A BOintodin.trument (or piercing 11 

IhSl^nC. n- Perforation with ft'drluTtnl^ 
bv rapeated exerdH*. 
IMll(drTt},T.l. Al. To uw (aeeda) in drOla 

Brlil (drH), n. . 
BrlMnt fen^i 

(drlDk), . , 

formerly Dinn (drDnk) ( p.p. Di 
«■ l-'n) i p. or, Danaoia.] Toti 
bitae (liquor). — n. UquTd to ' 
Intoiicatisg liquor. — OttaVtt, 

imp (drip),.,.*. •■ • 

Heaiy twilled Ut»D on 

[Dbippm (drlpt); Dedtibo.} 

ouod nude tbr 

'» Idiil'li p. p. 
. jy^uvmo.] To pujh 

beuta'dnwine It).— 

clea.— n. fine 
lly(-il»),o. a 
Difll (drSl), a. t 



■TT (drill 

m i ■ farce. -nroU'«r-y 
»-^),tL ThaAnililu 

LDged to drop, 
Bnt'fj (drSp'^). n 

□no (drSnd); 
-oopt); Dioor- 

le; uiythinc 

t, Arb, rgde, fyll, ftm, ftfod, ftfbt, out, o 

iB tba body. - 


ttaOM (<lr>a|. n. The •cum 

BloIlllltWrout); n.' Il'iy ™thar; Ihint. — 
Dliraj[llt'7 ^-f ), a. Chancteilzed by drought ; 
drj' i thlTtt]'. — Dnntli (diouUi), n. Drought. 

Snra tdrS'), imp. of DsiVM. — n. A TOUoction 
ol ottle dciTea. — Dro'Tar (drS'Tir), n. 



106 DUHCB 

Dncflt (dDk'It), n. A Buropeu Boin, dint or 

gold, Binick in the domLnloiu of ■ duka. 
Sttoli'BM (dOch'tt), n. Tbe wite of > duk« ) a 

Dnoh'y (dOobT^n- a dukedom. 



— H. Blight or imBorfect Htoop ; do™. — Diow'- 
^<d»u'iJ»),<L Inclliied to doie; benvy wilh 
lid. — Dmr'il-ly, adv. 

Dni1)fa'rllb),B. (. piBi 

■ thump. — DmMiing. n. A beiUnB. 
DrndC* (drBj), o. i. TBkcMui (drBJd) ; DanDO- 

with toll aod fhtigue.^n. Onawho drudgek 

— Dnifl('n-T(-Sr-J), n. H»rd or ignoMo toU. 

Drsf (drQg), n. Any aubfltance used [n cotcpo- 

BBB.] To pre* 
To ifloct or H 

rioiis; todow 
(-gtB),i. AdeaJorbi 
Srnc'iit (drSg'get). n. 

1I1H0.1 To b™t on 
with tha Bitton, u 
■tjoke; to throb: I 

vuoaRD (drOgd) ; Dhdo 
'h dnige, or wUh aoidc 

Unt, 6ap. &p. p. ol Da. 

DnSl (dSk). n. ADobleniH 

— SnkfOgm (-d(im),n. 

Dlll'o>t(dtU'ait). a. Bwul 

•mte (> tune) 
im'itkk' l-M 



ceedlTii; from intoiicstion. — iliiuik'sn-iuii. n. 
Drnpt (dnipl. n. a tnilt without ™l<eB, con. 

Ilrj(in),a. [DBIu(dri'Sr); DUUT.] Haillif 

V. t. 3i i. [Dbbh (dnd) ; DkiDia.] To mkhi 
or grow dry ; to ev»ponit«. - nri'n (dn'Brl. n 
Dob (dtib], I. <. [DuBBui (dabd); DnmuHe.' 
To confer U title) upon ; to EllU. 

™. f.fcf>.i_ii.i „ '»'*Mttledi doobtfnl 

. (d^T,! _ 

-..-^nniaedj ■iiibi|i;uoui 

Db'OII (dulml), a. Pertili 

ft,t,I,S,a,loiig; A,C.I,II 

jntk (dflk), ti , -. 

uHd for clotbiiu;, Bkila, Mcklug of beda, etc 
Snok (dU), I. 1. £ i. To plimge under water; 

DBOt (dBkt), n. A tube ) eknal : nJlLie'! 
Dwi'm»(da'ttl),0. Ea«Iyl« 

a, Sno-tUI-tT (dbk-t 

Dntraoii (dOfan), n. 


duly.— n. Thatwhlchl 
claim. — D^l^y (dnij), a_ . . 
Iln'»l (dS'ffl), n. A combut between tw 
■out. — t'. I, & i. To fight in tingle com 
Dn'al-lit (-let), n. One who fighU In 

^; ri^i 

«1 eompoaltlon for 
olthahi^wat nnk. 

DnU (dttl), 

,-.(. [DDl , 

i.-*.i. To 

(dnid| ; DoUjNO.] 

ttrlnged miuloal 

See luider Dui. 

epeechleu.— Dnm^Ti o^.- 
— DiunD'-lMll>'[-b«tf),<L A 

Dected by a bar, for Bwins- 

worde; pauloi 
Dnm'my (dUm' 

Simp (dOmp), n. A gloomy itale of the mind; 

molmcholy ; dMpondency ; — uaually in the pL 

Dump (damp),fT.(. [Dumped (dOmt) ; DuHnHO.! 

Snmp'lliu (ddmpalog). n, ' A kind ol pudding. 
Diunp'y (dUmp'tf), a. short and thick. 
DuIdDu), a. Ot a duk color ; gloomy. 
Dim (dl^), r, t. To cure (codfleh) hj pDinfl 

thBiUf when oalted, hi a dark placA. ' 
Don (dOn), V. I. & i. [Dtnmui (dOnd) ; Dm- 

rnna.] To urve for peyment of a dflht.^lL 

An ufkhC crMltor i, demand for paymaDt. 
DVHOa (dUDB), n. One without Jaunlng or wa 

inintellecl; ablockhebli i ' ' -- 

1, t, abort I aanlUa, Sraat, tdMb Sbar, teH<t C4i«, Ki 





Du'nan (dfin'jOn), n. A dark, dote priBon. 

Dll'oTdu^), n. A abet. 

IKfo-dM/l-mal (du't-dfia^-nuil), a. Prooeediog 
in computation by twelyea. ^-n.pL Mnltiplicar 
tion in which the denominations proceed by 
twelves. — Dn'O-dMl-mo (-mt)* a. Formed of 
sheets folded so as to make twelve leaves. — n. 
▲ book thus folded, or the size of such a book; 
— usually written 12mo. or 12°. 

Dvpe (dup), n. One duped or misled ; a gulL — > 
v. /. [I>CFBD (dupt) ; DunNG.] To deceive ; 
to trick ; to mislead. 

IDu^lOX (du'plSks), a. Double; twofold. — 
Dll^ll-cate (-plT-ktt), a. Double ; twofold. ^ 
n. An exact copy ; a counterpart. ^ v. /. To 
double ; to copy; to divide into two. — Dq'vU- 
oa'tioiL (-ka^shlin), Dn'pll-oa-tim (du'plT-k4- 
ttr\ n. A doublmg ; a fold. 

Dtt-plic'l-ty ( dtt-plTs^-t^ ), n. Doubleness of 
heart, speech, or dealing ; deceit ; deception. 

Dtt'n-blo (du'r&-bU), a. Lasting; permanent; 
firm; constant. — Dn'ra-bM-ty (-blW-ty), 
Dn'ta-bld-neM, n. — Du'lra-bly (-bly), adv. 

Dw'ance (dur'ons), n. Continuance ; duration ; 
imprisonment ; duress. — Du-xatlon (dd-ri^- 
shun), n. Quality of endunng ; continuance. 

Dll'JrMM (du'rSs or dtt-rfisOt n. Hardship ; con- 
straint ; imprisonment. 

Dvrfing (diu/ing), prep. In the time of ; as long 

DvzBt, imp, of Dabb. 

Dvik (diisk), a. Tending to blackness ; darkish. 
— n. Imperfect obscurity ; twilight ; color par^ 
tially dark. — DlUdCV {-f), a, PartiaUy dark. 
— Dwk^l-ly, adv, — Dvak^l-neiM, n. 

Hvst (dfist), n. Sine dry particles of earth; 
powder; the gravc^v. /. To free from dust; 
to qyrinkle with dust. — DllSfAT, n. One who 
dusts ; a brush or utensil for dusting ; an over- 
gannont to exclude dust from the clothing. — 
iHlIt^ (-y), a. Filled with dust; like dust. 

Dvtoll (dttoh), a. Pertaining to Holland, ito fiw 
habitants, or their language. —». Tiie people 
or language of Holland. 

Duty (du'^), n. That which is due ; obligation ; 
obedience ; respect ; tax or customs. — Dnt*- 
01IB (-t^fis), a. Performing what is due ; obe> 
dient. — Duti-a-hle (-tT^Ubn), a. Subject to 
the payment of duty. — Duti-fnl (-f 9I), a. Da> 
teous; reverential; submissive; respec^uL 

Dwarf (dw]|rf), n. An animal or plant below the 
common size. — v, t. [Dwabfbd ( dwf^rf t ) ; 
DwABmro.l To hinder from growing ; to stunt. 

Dwell (dwSl), V, i. [DwBLLSD (dwSld), usually 
contr. DwBLT (dw61t) ; DwxLLiKa.] To reside ; 
to continue ; to stay ; to remain. — DweU'lng* 
n. A habitation ; an abode ; a domicile. 

DwlB'dle (dwTnM'l), v. i. To diminish ; to waste 
away. — >n. Process of dwindling ; decline. 

Dya (di), V, t, [Dtkd (did) ; Dtxino.] To stain ; 
to color. — n. Coloring matter ; tinge. — Dy'ar, 
n. One who dyes cloth, etc 

Dy'lng (dlTng), a. About to die ; pertaining to 
death or to the hour of death. 

Dyko, n. See Dies. 

Dy'na-mito (di'n4-mit or dTn'&-), n. An explo- 
sive preparation of nitroglycerine absorbed by 
infusorial earth, sawdust, eto. 

Dy^-mo (di'n&-mt or dtn'^-), n. A dynamo- 
electric machine. — Dy'na-mo-a-leo'tnc (4- 
Ifik'trTk), a. Pertaining to the development of 
electricity; producing electrical currents by 
mechanical power. 

Dy'naa-ty (di'nas-ty or dTn'as-tj^), n. Sover- 
eignty ; a race of Idngs, of one family, who gov- 
ern a particular country. — Dy-lUUl'no (dt-^to^' 
tTk or dT-), a. Relating to a dynasty. 

Dya-pap'al-a (dTs-pSp^sT-A or .sh&), Dya-Mp'ay 

(-ay), n. Disturbance of the stomach ; difficulty 
of digestion. — Dys-peptlo (-tTk), a. Afflicted 
with, pertaining to, or consisting in, dyspepsia. 
— n. One afflicted with dyspepua. 


Baoll (5ch), a. or a. pron. Every one of a number 
couDdered sepamtely. 

Ba'gar (S'gSr), a. Keenly desirous ; earnest. 

Ba'gle (e'gl), n. A rapacious bird of the Falcon 
family ; a gold coin of the United States, worth 
$10 ; a RcMman or French standard. — Ea'glot 
(S'fflSt), n. A young eagle. 
lar ^), n. The organ or sense of hearing ; atten- 
tion ; heed ; sense of melody. — Ea^eaa, a. 
Without ears ; deaf. — Earfmazk' (-mtirkOt n. 
▲ mark (on an animal's ear) for identification ; 
a distinguishing mark. —v. /. To mark (sheep, 
cattle, eto.) by slitting the ear. —Ear 'ring' 
(-ring'), n. A ring worn, hanging from the ear, 
as an ornament. — Ear'ahot' (-shSt/\ n. The 
distance at which words may be heard. 

Ear (Sr), n. A 8|rfke of grain, containing the ker« 
nels. — «. t. To form ears (of com). 

Earl (Sri), n. An English nobleman ranking next 
below a marquis. — Barl'dom (SrFdfim), n. The 
jurisdiction or dignity of an earl. 

Early (Srlj^), a. Forward ; timely ; not late. ^ 
adv. Soon ; in good season ; betimes. 

Earn (Sm), v, t, [Eabnbd (Smd); Eabnino.} 
To merit or acquire by service or performance. 

Ear'beat (Sr'nest), n. Seriousness; reality; 
eagerness; determination. — a. Eager; zeal- 
ous ; ardent ; imiK>rtunato ; hearty. 

Ear'&est (Sr'nSst), n. A pledge given as assure 
ance of kitention ; a token. 

Eartll (Srth), n. The world, or planet we in- 
habit; solid material constituting the globe; 

ttnit reeent, 6rb, nide, f yll, ttm, fdbd, fcR>t, out, oil* eliair, (o, sins, ink, then, tbln. 


Und i couatrv. — r. 1. & 

EumxeO 'O Ude In 

ol»j, elo, — Eutb'jr, a. 

W to, «Rh ; grow, — BdUl'l] 

taUUDS to autfa ; toeui ; EToral 
Butk'aukf (Snb'kwtk'J, n. 

trenibling of tbe evtb, 
BarU'warm' (artb'wOnn'), n. Til 

worm found in tha Boi], without Isgi i 

ig»; u ucleworm. 
BM'wiff (Sriwlj'). 

Bua(S>),'>. Freed(i^''b^p>iii,CnaUi!,i!t<i.: 

Suict ; npoH ; [acllity ; r«diiuH r. f . & <. 
BulD(Cid)i Eurao.] Toquiel; tomltlgmte; 
to i»lm. — EAMfJ {ti'J), a. Tnt fram pain, 
cu«, diiBculCj, etc. ; qtuet i Hcuia ; OAlm. 
I B&'ul (S'i'l), n. A Innu lo nipport > piiiitet'i 

But (e^t), n. Foint 

B»Blf(tu^ (O-klS'tT-Jbtlk), u. Fertniniiig 

tothAehunlL^n. ApenonluordensfeolereT- 
mu; uprisrt.— B»^li-utl»ll<-tl-kal),a. 
Bccdnlutic— BtMle'it-MtliHMy, odi^. 
Sgll'O (ftt), n. Boimd nfleeted or nTerbcntgd 
'^- Oa au. — n. f. & 1. [Echoed (ak'Sd) ; Seb- 

B^i< (*-U[p>0. n- 'An intercepUm or ob. 

oni bod; ; temporu)' or p«ti*l 

EaMwanL — 

iPM-hrCfat^r-lJ), r 
Oomlng from ^ke ^ 

■t. — odF. Toward 

■KSatSr),)!. TheCeAivHlolCtarist'i: 



J, Eir(«); EiTiFo,] Tocliewiurf 

eoTTode.— B«t'8I,B. — E«t'»-bl»Io. Rttibe 
eatoD; edibltt. — tt, Aaytbing to be eiiteii- 
B>TM |«vi). n. pi. Loner wtgra of a roof, orsr- 
hangiiig the walls. — VxttVixllB'^tt (.drBp*- 
iSt), n. One nho Uitooa to overhear private 

Bbb («b), n. The rafiuz of the tide ; the leti 
tlda water toward the gea; deeline: d«: 
v.i. [EBBiD(ibd);Emi»a.] To flow ba< 
recede ; to decar ; to dnk. — Ettl tltts. I 
Df tide water \ vae retiring tide. 

— EVsnltat-it),!!. Bluk 
TkV 1. DeTlUlng from the 


.(HO; Ei 

»flll]«lo tt-kllp^lt). 

The qiparent patL of 

. jlrt), n. One wL, 

•aat with MllUcal • , 

(■mil), v.t.Sti. To maoBge pmdeDtlv. 
iO'lU-nr (eil'at^^). n. Eieenlve jo;; t^. 

Ift'dyisd'dJl/n. A current of air or water ran. 
nine back, or Inacirculu direction; awiiirlpooL 
, r^ ■)(M'dId);.EcDnse.] TomoTB 



1.— r, (. [Edowi 
'""' . ^ 11^ «i 

■aye orgiadually. - SdcM {«d), 
Ben.-£l!i^<R}^nti),n. Boi> 
lace. — Bocs ' wan (Sj'irti), 
wiz),adv. In the dbeocion of tha 

, o. ?% to be Oi 

i; decnei ordt 

Ids, etc. Bee under Emn. 
kil-fli), n. A bniMiog; olabilo. 
T-fl), v.l. [Binnn><^):BiniTI».l 

■>«. 1, S. fl. kBg i &. e, L 0. 0, t* iboit 1 HoUe, amt. IdBt, ttbw. Aait^ (An. >im. bk, ^ Iw^ 




To ixutnict and improve ; to teach. — Bd'i-fl- 
oatlon (Sd'T-fl-kfi'ahfixi), n. Instruction. 

Bd.1t (8dat), V, t, [Editbd; EDrroro.] To 
superintend the publication of; to prepare for 
publication. — Ed'l-tor (-I-tSr), n. One who 
edits, or prepared (a book, newsraper, etc.)for 
pubUcation.— Bd'l-to'ri-al(-t5'rtwil), a. Per- 
taining to, or written by, an editor. — n. An 
article by an editor. — Bdl-tor-slllp (SdT-tSr- 
shTp), n. Business of an editor. — E-dltioil 
(^-dlsh'iin), n. An impression of a literary 
work ; the number of coihcs published at once. 

Bd'n-oate (Sd'fi-kSt), v. t. To bring up (a child) ; 
to instruct ; to teach ; to train ; to rear ; to dis- 
cipline. — Bd'n-oa'tor (-kS'ter), n. — Bd'u-ca'- 
tiam (-ka'shfin), n. Instruction ; teaching ; 
nurture; breeding. — Ed^n-ca^on-al (-al)» a. 
Pertaining to education. 

B-dnoe' (^us'), V. t. [Eduobd (-dust^; Bdu- 
ciNO.] To draw forth ; to elicit ; to extract. 

Bol (el), n. An elongated, snakelike fish. 

B'en (9n). Contraction for Evbn. 

B'sr (ar or ^). Contraction for Eyxb. 

Bf-faoe' (Sf-fSy), V. t. [EiTACBD (-fSsf) ; Evta- 
cam.'] To erase ; to cancel ; to destroy. 

Bf-feot' (Sf-fSkf), n. That which is done ; re- 
sult ; consequence ; impression produced ; effi- 
ciency ; pL goods. — V. /. To produce ; to bring 
to pass ; to accomplish ; to achieye ; to execute. 
— Ef-f eotlve (-fSkaTy), (i. Suited or tendhig 
to produce effects ; efficient ; efficacious ; forci- 
ble ; active ; energetic. — Ef-feo'tn-al (-ttt-ol), 
a. Adequate ; efficient ; decisive, 
--fem'l-nate (fif-fSm^-nSt), a. Soft dr delicate 
like a woman ; feminine ; delicate ; cowardly. — 
V, i. To make womanish ; to unman. — Ef-wm'- 
1-na-cy (-n4-i^), Ef-fom'l-iuitd-ness, n. 

Bf'imr-VOSOe' (effSr-vSa'), V. i, [EnrBBVBsoKD 
(-vSsf ) ; EnrKRVxsoiNO (-vfis'sTng).^ To be in a 
state of ebullition ; to bubble and hiss. — Ef'f OT- 
VMKoent (-vSs'sent), a. Gently boiling or bub- 
bling. — El'fer-ves'ceiioe (-8«n8), Bfler-vas'- 
oan-oy (-s«n-e^), n. An effervescing ; ebullition. 

Bf-fote' (ef-fef ), a. Barren ; worn Out ; used up. 

BMi-oa^olons (Sf/fT-kS'shfis), a. Productive of 
effects ; powerfuL— Ef^fl-ca'cloilft-nefM, Ef fl- 
CA-ey (-kA-sj^). n. Virtue ; force. 
fi'Olmt (Sf-nsh'ent), a. Causing effects ; pro- 
ducing results; able. — Ef-fl'oloiioe (-0ns), Ef- 
jBL'olen-oy (-cn-a^), n. 

_ 711-gy (8f'fi-jy), n. An image of a person. 

Effort (Sf'fOrt), n. An exertion of strength or 
power; struggle; attempt; trial; essay. 

Bf-fronV«r-7 (ef-frfinfSr-j^), n. Excessive as- 
surance ; shamelessness ; impudence. 

Bf-ful^gent (8f-fm'j<mt), a. Diffusing a flood of 
light ; shming ; bright ; splendid. — Ef-ful'- 
sanco (8f-fQl'j«ns), n. Brightness ; luster. 

B^l1lM' (Sf-fuz^), V. t, [EiTussD (-fuzd') ; Eivus- 
nro.] To iK>ur out (a fluid) ; to spill ; to shed. — 
V. i. To emanate ; to issue. — Ef-fuse' (-f US'), a. 
Spreading loosely. — Ef-ta'slon (-fu'zhfin): n. 
A pouring out. — Ef-fn'live (-sTv), a. Pouring 
oat ; pourii^ forth largely ; gushing. 

Bit (8ft), n. A small lixard ; a newt. 

Bgg (^), n. A body formed in a female animal, 
contaming the germ of its young. 

Egff (8g), V. i. [EooBD (8gd) ; Eoonro (Bglng)]. 
To urge on ; to instigate. [rose ; sweetbrier. 1 

Eg'Uul-tlno (6g1an-tin or -tTn), n. A species off 

E'CO-ttim (S'gi^-tTz'm or Bg't-), n. Self-praise. 
— E'gO-tlgti n. One who thinks too much of 
himself. — E'ffO-tla'tlC (e'gft-tls'tlk), -tlo-al 
(-tt-kal), a. Self-praising. 

B-gra^glOUS (e-gre'jfis or -jI-Os), a. Extraordi- 
nary; remarkable. 

E'gress (e'gr^s), E-gres'slon (ft-gr8sh'Qn), n. A 
going out ; a departure. 

E'gTet (S'gr8t), n. A kind of small heron; % 
heron's feather ; a feathery crown of seeds. 

Eh (a or 8), irdeij. An expression of inquiry or 
slight surprise. 

El'der (i'dSr), n., Elder dnok. A sea duck of re- 
mote northern regions, 
producing a fine down, 
which is an article of 

Eider Duck. 


Eight (at), a. Twice four in 
number. —n. The num'< 
ber greater by a unit than 
seven. — Eigatll (atth), 
a. Next after the sev- 
enth. — n. An eighth part. 

Elghfaen' (S'ten'), n. Twice nine in number. ^ 
n. The sum of ten and eight. — Eight'eenth' 
(ptSnth^), a. Next after the 'seventeenth. — >n. 
One of eighteen equal parts; the eighth after 
the tenth. 

Eighty (S't^), a. Eight times ten ; fourscore. — 
n. The sum of eight times ten.— Elght'l-etll 
(-8th), a. Next eSter the seventy-ninth. — n. 
One of Big\xtv equal parts. 

Either (^tfaer or I'tfaSr), a. & pron. One or 
the other ; — properly of two things ; each of 
two; the one and the other. — con/. Either 
precedes two, or more, codrdinate words or 
phrases, and is introductory to an alternative. 
It is correlative to or. 

E-]ac^-late (^jSk'd-lat), v. t. & i. To throw 
out (an exclamation). — E-Jao'n-la^OII (-jSk'- 
fi-la'shfin), n. Uttering of a short, sudden ex<^ 
clamation ; exclamation or prayer uttered. 

E-Jeot' (*-j8kf), V. t. To throw out ; to cast forth ; 
to expel ; to dispossess. — E-]eo^on (-j8k'shlin), 
n. Act of ejecting ; discharge ; expulsion. — 
E-Jeot'ment (-j8kf ment), n. Expulsion ; a legal 
writ to recover possession of landed property. — ' 
E-Jeot'or (-j8kt8r), n. 

Eke (ek), v. /. [Eked (ekt) ; Ekino.] To in- 
crease ; to enlarge ; to extend. — adv. Also ; in 
addition; likewise. 

E-lah'O-rate ($-lSb^-rat), v. t. To produce with la- 
bor ; to perfect with painstaking. — a. Wrought 
with labor ; prepared ; studied ; high-wrought. 

E-lapso' (^-IfipNs'), V. i. [EI.APSBD (-ISpst^) ; Elafb- 
ISQ.I To slide, slip, or pass away. 

B-las^O (^-Ifia'tlk), a. Springing back ; having 
the property of returning to a previous state or 

ttn, recent, drb, n|de, f^ ttm, fdbd, fcfbt, out, oil, cliair, go, sing, iQk, then, *^*^ 




oonidition, after being depressed or overtaxed. 
— n. An elastic belt or garter. — E'Uui-tio'i-ty 

glXs-tTsT-tj^), n. Springiness ; rebound. 
W («-15f ), a. Lifted up ; elated. — v. t. To 

exalt the spirit of; to flush with success. — 

E-latlon (-IS'shiin), n. Inflation of mind, as 

from success. 
Bl'bOW (Sl'b^), n. The joint connecting the arm 

and forearm; a flexure or angle. —v. t, & i, 

[Elbowed (-b5d) ; Elbowino.] To push with 

the elbow ; to jostle. 
Eld'er (81'dSr), a. Older.— n. One who is older; 

an ancestor ; a ruler or adriser, as in a church. 

— El'dtr-ly (-1^), a. Somewhat old ; past mid- 
dle age. 

El'der (SlMSr), n. A shrub haying white flowers 
and dark red berries. 

Eld'est (Sl'dSst), a. Oldest; most advanced in age. 

E-leof (e-18kf), a. Chosen ; selected from among 
two or more. — v. t. To pick out; to make choice 
of; to select by vote. ^n. One chosen or set 
apart. ~E-leot'or (i-lSk'tSr), n. — B-locror-al 
(-tSr-al), a. Pertaining to an election or to 
electors. — E-lectlcil (-shfin), n. Act or power 
of choosing ; choice ; free will ; discernment ; 

g reference. — - E-lect'lve (-Ifik'tiv), a, Pertain- 
ig to, or dependent on, choice ; bestowed by 

B-leo'trlo (Mgk'trTk), E-leotxlo-al (-trT-kal), 
a. Pertaining to electricity. — FlOC-tri'dail 
(S'lSk-trTsh'an), n. One versed in electricity. 
— B/leo-tllc1-iy (-trist-ty), n. A force or 
power in nature, exhibiting itself in lightning, 
chemical changes, etc. —B-lac'tll-fy (*-lSk'trI- 
fi), E-leo'trlze (-triz), v. /. To charge with elec- 
tricity ; to excite. 

B-leotro-cnte (e-lSk'txi-kut), v. L To put to 
death by electricity. — E-lec'tro-cn'tioil (-ku'- 
shfin), n. Execution by electricity. — E-lec'- 
trom'd-ter (e-18k'tr5m'^-ter), n. An instrument 
to measure electricity. — E-leo'tro-motor (*- 
ISk'tro-mo'ter), n. An electric motor. — E-lec'- 
tro-type (^-ISk'trd-tlp), n. A copper plate for 
printing, ^v. t. To make an electrotype of. 

filVgance (Sl'e-gans), n. Quality of being ele- 
gant; beauty resulting from grace and refine- 
ment.— El'»-gant (-gant), a. Graceful; beau- 
tiful ; refined. — El'e-gant-ly, adv, 

STd-mont (Sl'^-ment), n. A constituent part of a 
thing ; an ing^redient ; a simple portion of some- 
thing complex ; a rudiment ; pi. the bread and 
wine used in the eucharist. — El ' 6 - mon ' tal 
(-m8n't«l), a. Pertaining to, or produced by, 
elements. — EFe-men'ta-ry (-ti-r^), a. Per- 
taining to the elements, rudiments, or first prin- 
ciples of anything ; simple ; uncombined. 

Sl'e-phant (81'e-fant), n. A quadruped of India 
and Africa, the largest existing mammal. It 
has a proboscis, and two large ivory tusks. — 
Er»-puantine (-fSntTn), a. Huge ; heavy. 

Bl'e-vate (Sl'e-vSt), v, t. To exalt ; to erect; to 
cheAr ; to animate. — a. Elevated ; raised aloft. 

— EVd-ya'tor, n. — El'e-vatloii (Bl't-va'shtin), 
n. A raising ; exaltation ; elevated place. 


E-lAT'OI (t-lBv^n), a. Ten and one added. — n. 
The sum of ten and one. — E-lev'tlltll (-*nth) 
a. Next after the tenth.— >n. One of eleven 
equal parts. 

Ell (Slf ), n. / pi, Elvsb (81vz). An imasinary di- 
minutive spirit ; sprite ; goblin. • Sl^ln (-Tn), 
a. Pertaining to elves. — n. A little elf. 

E-Uf/lt (i-lTs^t), V. t. To draw out ; to disclose. 

El'l-gi-ble (Sl'I-jT-bl), a. LegaUy qualified ; de- 
sirable; preferable. — 
El'l-gl-bU'l-ty (-bn'- 
I-tyX El'1-gl-We- 
]iess,n.— Eri-gi-Uy, 

E-Ux'lT (MIks'Sr), n. 
A compound tincture; 
or medicine. 

Elk(glk), n. A quadru- 
ped of the Stag kind. 

EU (61), n. A measure, 
of different lengths, 
the English being ^ inches. 

El-llpso' (Si-lips'), n. An oblong figure, bounded 
by a regular curve. — El-Ul^sis 
(-llp'sis), n. Omission (of a word, 
phrase, etc.). -^ El-llp'tic (-tik), 
El-Uptlc-al (-tT-kal), a. Having 
tlie form of an ellipse ; defective. 

Elm (81m), 91. A shade tree. 

Ero-cn'tioii (ei^6-ku'sh&n), n. Mode of utterance 
or delivery. — El'0-ontlon-a-ry (-fi-ii^), a. Per^ 
taining to elocution. — Ero-Olltlon-ut, n. One 
versed in elocution. 

E-lon'gate ($-18n'g^t), v. t. To lengthen ; to ex- 
tend; to stretch out. — E'lon-ga'ttoil (S'lon- 
fi^'shQn), n. A lengthening ; an extension. " 

E-lope' (e-lop'), V. i. [Eloped (-15pf ) ; ELOPiira.1 
To run away (with a lover). — E-lopo'lliailt 
(-ment), n. Clandestine departure. 

El'0-qnenco (Sl'i-kwens), n. Beautiful or ford- 
ble expression of thought; oratory. — EFo- 
Qnent (-kwent), a. Expressing emotion. 

Else (81s), a. & pron. Other ; one or something 
beside. — adv. & conj. Beside; except that 
mentioned ; otherwise ; if the facts were differ- 
ent. ~ Else'wliere' (-hw&:')» ^v* ^ a^y other 

E-lnde' (^ludOt V. t. To avoid by stratagem ; to 
evade ; to escape. — E-lnd'l-ble (-I-b*l), a. Ca> 
pable of being eluded. — E-In'llon (^-lu'zhlin), 
n. Escape; evasion. — E-lu'llve (-siv), a. 
Tending to eaude. — E-lu'*M-ry (-s6-ry), a. 
Evasive; fallacious; deceitful. 

Elye (81v), n. Old form of Elf. — ElT^lsh (SI'- 
vTsh^, a. Pertaining to elves. 

E-lys'i-an (^-llzh'an or -T-on), a. Pertaining to 
Elysium; blissful. — E-llTS'l-lim (^-ITzhlim or 
-T-iim), 71. The abode of happy souls after death ; 
any delightful place. 

E-ma'cl-ate (^-ml'shl-St), v.i. &t. To make or 
grow lean ; to waste away. — E-ma'Ol-atlai 
(-a'shtin), n. Leanness. 

Em'a-nate (6m'4-nat), v. i. To issue forth from 
a source ; to take origin ; to proceed ; to Issae ; 

F|6»I,3,11,loiig; ft,6,I,5,a,j^,short;8enftte,6yent,td6a,6bey,llnite,cAre,i|nn,&ik,§Il,lliMi^ 




to 8|iring. — Bm'a-nA^oii (Sm'A-idS'ahlln), n. A 
flowii^ forth ; that which iasues or proceeds 
from any source. 

B-man'Ol-pate (^mXt/sT-pSU, v. U To set free 
from servitude or evil influence. — E-man'ol- 
pator (-pa'tSr), n. — E-man'oi-ra^tlon (-shfin), 
n. Deliverance; liberation; release; freedom. 

B-auuKcn-latd ( t-mSs^tk-ISt ), v, t. To render 
effeminate. — a. Deprived of vigor. 
l-1mlm' (Sm-b&n'), V, t. To preserve from de- 
cay by aromatic oils or spices ; to perpetuate in 
remembrance. — EXEI-lMUlJll'Mrf n. 

-iMUlk' (6m-bSnk'^, v. t. [Embaitkbo (-bXnkf ) ; 
Embankino.] To mclose with a bank ; tcTbank 
up. — Bm-MXik'meilt (-ment), n. A mound. 

-iMUr'gO (Sm-bSr'gt), n. ; pi, Embaroobs (-gSz). 
Governmental prohibition of departure from a 
port; hindrance; restraint. — 1>. /. [Embar- 
ooBD (-g5d) ; EMBABOOore.] To prohibit from 

Em-IUUrV (Sm-bSrk'), v. t. & i. [Ehbaskbd 
(-biirkt^) ; Embaskino.I To put or go (on board 
A vessel) ; to engage (In any business). — Bm'- 
iMr-ka^tion (Sm^bi&r-ka'sh&n), Bm'iMr-oatloii, 
n. A putting or going on boiurd of a vesseL 

Bm-lNUr'iaas (Sm-bSKras), v, /. [Ehbabbasssd 
(-rost) ; Embasbassxho.] To hinder ; to per- 
plex ; to confuse ; to distress. — Bm-liar'rass- 
mamt ( m«nt), n. A state of perplexity ; ina- 
bility to discharae debts. 

Bm-baa'sa-dor (em-bSs'sA-dSr), Am-lMU/aa-dor 

(Sm-), n. A minister of the highest rank sent 
by one government to another. — Em-bas^aa- 
do^-al (-do'rT-al), a. Relating to an embassa- 
dor. — Emlma-ay (fim'bSs-s]^), n. Function of 
. an embassador ; persons sent as embassadors ; 
dwelling or office of an embassador. 

Sm-bed' (8m-b6d0, v. t. To lay (in a bed). 

Em-Mllah (Sm-beilTsh), v, t, [Embbllishbd 
(-ITsht) ; EirBKr.T.iHinwo.j To make beautiful by 
ornament^ ; to adorn ; to illustrate. — Esl-ImF- 
llall-mant (-ment), n. A decoratdon ; an enrich- 
mfmt ; an adornment. 

Jtinflun (fim'bSr), n. A lighted coal ; pL mingled 
coals and adies ; cinders. 

Bm-bea/zle (8m-bez'z'l), v. t. [Embbzziao (-zHd) ; 
EMBBZZLme (-zlTng).l To appropriate to one*8 
own use (tliat intrusted to one's care). — ESL- 
tm^n, n, — Em - bez ' zle - ment (-ment), n. 
Fraudulent appropriation. 

Bm'blem (8mn>16m), n. An object symbolizing 
some other object, quality, etc. ; type ; sign. — 
Sm^lsm-ario (-St^k), Em^blem-ario-iil (-T- 
kal), a. Pertaining to, or using, emblems. 

Sm-bod^ (8m.b5d'j^), v. /. [Embodibd (-Yd); 
EMBODTiHe.] To form hito a body ; to make 
corporeal; to Incorporate. — Em - bod '1 -ment 
(-T-ment), n. An embodying ; a complete system. 

Em-bold'en (5m-bSld' *n), V. t. To give boldness 
to : to encourage. 

Bm-braoe' (Sm-brisO. v. /. [Embbaobd (-britef) ; 
Embbacxno (-brik'sing).] To clasp or inclose 
in the arms; to include. ^r. i. To join in an 
embrace. ^ n. A dose encirolii^ with the arms ; 

a clasp. ^BmrbnUM^ant (-ment), n, A fang t 
an embrace. 

•bra'anza (Sm-bri^zhAr), n. An opening In 
a wall, through which can- 
non are pointed. 

BmOhro-cation (Sm'brA-kS'- 
shfin), n. Act of nibbing 
(a diseased part) ; a lotion 
with which a part is rubbed. 

Bm-brold'«r (8m-broid'8r), „„ _ ^ 
V, /. To cover with orna- ^E Embrasures to 
mentel needlework. -Bm- Sle^o^r* ^^ 
brold'er-er (- 8r - Sr ), n. — 
Em-brold'er-y (-Sr-j^)» n. Variegated needle- 
work; decoration. 

Emniiry-O (8m'brT-d), n. ; pi. Embbtob (-oz). The 
rudiment of an animal or a plant. — a. Rudi- 
mentary; tmdeveloped. 

E-mend'(t^m8ndOt v* <• To amend.— Em'on- 
da'tion (8m'8n-da'8hfin or e^mSn-), n. Correc- 
tion; improvement.— Em 'en -da 'tor, n. One 
who amends. — E-mend'a-to-ry (S-mend'a-t^ 
Tf)t a. Pertaining to emendation. 

Em'er-ald (Sm'Sr-ald), n. A precious stone of 
rich green color ; a type in size between minion 
and nonpareiL 

Q^^This line is printed in Emerald typa 

E-merge' ($-m8rj'), v, i. [Emebobo (-mSrjd'); 
Embboino.] To rise out of a fluid^ to issue. — 
E-mer'genoe (-mSr'jens), E-mer'gen-oy (-jen- 
sj^), n. A sudden appearance; an unforeseen 
occurrence; exigency. 

Em'er-y (8m'8r-j^), n. Corundum, in powder, 
used for polishing metals, glass, ete. 

E-met'lo ^e-m8tTk), a, Inducingto vomit. —n. 
A medicme which causes vomiting. 

Em'1-grate (8m'Y-grat), V, t. To remove from 
one country to another. — Em'1-grant (-grotit), 
a. Removing from one country to another; 
pertaining to, or used for, emigrants. — n. One 
who quits one country to settle in another. — 
Em'1-gra'tlon (-grS'shfin), n. Removal «rom 
one country to another. 

Em'1-nent (emT-nent), a. High ; lofty-, e^calted 
in rank. — Em'l-nent-ly, adv. — Em'l-nenoe 
(-nens), Em'l-nen-oy (-nen-s]^), n. Height ; high 
rank ; — a title of Roman Catholic cardinals. 

E'mlr (e'mSr or t-mer'), E'meer, n. An Arabian 
prince, military commander, or provincial gov- 
ernor ; — a title of descendants of Mohammed. 

Emia-aa-ry (Smls-ei-rj^), .n. A secret agent; 
a spy. — a. Exploring ; spying. 

E-mit' (^-mTf ), V. t. [EmTTBD ; EHrrrmo.] Te 
send forth; to put into circulation. — E-mis^ 
alon (-mTsh'&n), n. A sending out ; an issue. 

Bm'met (8m'm8t), n. An ant. 

E-morU-ate (^mSl'lT-St), v. t. To soften ; to ran. 
der effeminate. — E-mollle&t (-yentor -IT-^nt), 
A. Softening; making supple. —n. An appli- 
cation to allay irritation, and alleviate pain. 

E-moFn-ment (£-m51'fi-ment), n. Profit arising 
from office or employment ; gain. 

E-motion (^•mS'shQn), n. A moving of the mind 

Ifoiff recent, 6rb» nide, f^^ ttm, f<R»d, fflR>t, out, oil, eliair, gio, sin^, i||k, then, tbhL 

EuonoNAi, lis 

or •ml) aidtsd Isdiiigi ■gltitloa.—B'iBa*- 
tbrnna (t-niO>iiliBii7alT, B-mo^n (-tU), a. 
Bertftifllng to, or olunct«rii«d by, flojotion. 
Bn^-«I (em'pSr-tr), n. lbs Knnlga ol an 
empire i ■ title nipetlor to tbM ot king } the 
blank caidlneuehn. 

biWw-aia Vfwftt-aa), 

ircdofl,g]vuiloliui~~~ — 

m^), Bm-ptuiflHa (-T-kol), n. Utlarsd 

wlUi empbHii ; requirbKempliul* ; energetio < 
■trlktDg, — Bn-pliat'lO-iirlTt adv. 
Hm'Ilre (Era'pli). n. DomlDlon ot an emperor ; 

Bm-ploy (Bni'-ploi'), V. I. [EimoTED (-plold')i 
EnPLOiwii.] To uM ; tD eietdee. — n. Bm- 
ploymeet ; lervice i buineei.— Em-Play«, n. 
— Bm'ploy-*^ («m'p](d-e'orBiii-plora), IIBb'- 
-' y*' (Jbi'plora'; r. in'plwfrt'),)!. One 
gto^ b^ aDOtber. — TbarftarvooA (-pW' 

BB-i1>y'^'b']), V. I. [I 

Bn-wf (Bn-Ikf ), «. 1. To diwrMTto 
lew) i lo pBrtonii. — En-aof or (-Sr), 
•Oraieilt (-mmt), n. The inialog of i 

BB-lB'tl(«n-«ni'fl),«. Aklndof glaafc 

meUlUcorcerBmionirlKeg; ulr — 

■.•,1,8,0,100(1 &,«,>, ft, I1,^>1 

(-b'ld) i E> 

oeTertaff the eroira of e tootb^**v. i. 

Bil-«m'«l-I«I, n. 

d'Jc), v. I. [Eaiuoaii (-STdl-, 

,] loinfli "■-' -^ -•—' 

■isJO,e. t 

. , ,. .. I. To meet IM* to 

fu»,f)r uerxeo^ce; tocrppoeei to atrnggte with. 
^n* A iDaeblng; coaOict! ettiick; oowt. 
fiB-omu'Bti^ia-klii^), f.l. lo emboldu ; to 

to (ormnL — VUrBnTM^t-mBA (-ment), n. 
Incitement; hope; npport,— BMWm'K-ClBt 
(-t-JTiw), 0. Pnnilabbig groDDd for hope. 
Ha-cnua' {En-krSch'), e. <. [BioiousmD 
(^rnchV) : EtKnoumnM.] To enler gnduull; 


pat'Ol-a. „ 

«fl of hdence or ert wp&retely » aud luoelly It 
alpbabetlcti] order. 
bd («nd),n. Eitremc 

olooe; to t«nnlnate. — Bnd'lni, n. Tem 
tlon. — BndlHa<-l«B).(i. Wltlunit end; I 
□el ; flverlaatlnH; perpetual; ooDtlniiel — fi 
W«ri' (-"H'). BaO^wlu (-nil 

lo-pe'dl.a («n-K'kl*-p«'dt^' 
- - ' work trcetin^ the vi 
>r art wparetely » aj 

le point; do 

BBMUB'nr (Siv^iii'iar), 

E^;aiMI' _(«n.dEr'), e. 1 

(. To haierf ; to riek, 
[Erduud (•dSrd'); 

St of flnde«rln|E, oritelA 

1 1 MBUe, S**it, Ids, Sber , Bnlta. Okie, Miu, Aik, tn, BOB^ 




Bn'AlTe (fin'dTv), n. A speoiM of suoooiy,— 

Blldn08Si etc See under End, n. 

Bn-dOTM' (6n-d8n/), etc. 8ee Inoobbs, v. f. 

BB-dow' (eo'douOf V, t, [Bndowsd (-doudO; 
Khdowxho.1 To furnish with dower ; to enrich 
with any gut or faculty ; to indue. — Es-dOW^- 
ment (-ment), n. A settling a fund ; dower ; 
talent; natural capaci^. 

Bn-dlM^ (Sn-duQ* V* t' To indue. 

Bn-dim' (6n-duK), V, i. [Ehoubbd (-durdO; 
EaDUHDro.] To remain fifm ; to last ; to abide. 
— V. f. To sustain; to undergo ; to brook. — 
Bn-dnr'a-ble (-A^b'i), a. — En-dnr'aiioe (-ana), 
n. Sufferance; patience; fortitude. 

End'WlBet adv. See under Bnd, n. 

En'a-my (Sn'^-mj^), n. An adversary ; a foe. 

BafW'gf (8n^r-jj^), n. Internal streoigth ; inher- 
ent power; force; vigor; efficiency; resolu- 
tion. — En^ftTjKet'ic (-iSt^k), En'er-cetao-al 
(-T-kol), a. Exertij^ force ; operating with 
▼iffor; powerful; vigorous; effective. 

Bn-neHble (6n-f S'bU), v. t. To render feeble. — 
Bn-faenbld-ment (-maat), n. Loss of strength. 

Bn-force' (fin-fSrs'). v. t. [Esiobobd (-fSrsf); 
Ehtobciho (-fSr'sing).] To put force upon ; to 
compel ; to give force or effect tOw — Bn-fnce'- 
llieilt (-ment), n. Compulsion. 

Bn-lnn'ohlM (fin-frSn'chlz or -chiz), v. /. To 
free; to liberate; to admit to political priv- 
ities ;• to naturalize. — En-tran' Ohlso-llltllt 
(-chTz-ment), n, A setting free ; admission to 
civO rights. 

Burgage^ (8n-gajQ, v, /. [Bnoaosd (-gajdO ; Eh- 
aAonro.] To bind; to involve; to enlist; to 
occupy ; to combat ; to. mcounter. — t;. i. To 
become bound ; to take a part ; to enter into 
oonflict — Bn-gaf ed' ( -gSjd' ), a. Pledged ; 
promised in mamage; earnest. — En-ga'glng 
( - JTng ), a. Attractive ; winning. — En-gagO^ 
mant (-gSj'ment), n. Promise ; obligation ; em- 
plmrment; battle; contest. 

Bn'gUia (Sn'jTn), n. A machine or contrivance 
tot producing a mechanical effect ; instrument 
nsea to effect a purpose ; means. — En'gl-neer' 
(-JT-nSrOi n. One skilled in engineering, or who 
maoa^ an ensine, or carries through an en- 
terprise by skimid contrivance. — v, L To per- 
form the work of an engineer ; to carry through 
an enterprise. — En ' gl - naer ' lag, n. Science 
and art of utilizing the forces and materials of 
nature in designing and constructing machin- 
ery, public works, etc 

BagOlall (l&'glTsh), a. Belonging to England, 
its inhabitants, or its language. — n. The peo- 
ple of England ; huuruage of England or of the 
desce nd a n ts of Englishmen abroad; a kind of 
bige-sized printer's type 

ENGLISH type. 

— V, L To translate into English ; to interpret. 

Bn-fimTa' (fo-griv'), v, U To carve devices 

upon ; to i mpre — deeply. — Bn-gimT'ar, n. — 

BB-gnTtng, n. The act or art of cutting da* 
vices upon metal, wood, or stone, ef^ for priu^ 
ing on paper ; an engraved plate ; a print. 

En-gxmHK (en-grOs'), v. t. [Enobossbd (-grOstO; 
EsoBOSSiHe.] To copy in a large, fair hand ; to 
occupy wholhr ; to absorb ; to monopolize. 

Bn-gair (8n-galf 0* v. t. To absorb or swallow np 
as in a gulf. 

Bn-liaiice' (6n-hAnsO, V. t. [Ehhanobd (-h&nsf) ; 
Enhancxno.] To raise to a higher point, value, 
or price ; to advance ; to augment ; to aggravate* 
— V. t. To grow larger. 

E-llig'llia (S-nf g^mA), n. An obscure question or 
saying; puzzle; riddle.— E'nig-Biat'lo (S'nTg- 

wSxtVl or 6n/rg.), Fnig-matlo-al (-T-koi), & 

Containing an enigma; obscure. 

Bn-Join' (6n-joinO) v. t. [Enjoined (-JoindO ; Eh- 
JoxNiNo.] To command ; to order ; to prohibH 
or restrain by a judicial order. 

Bn-Joy' (8n-joi'), V. t. [Enjotbd (-joidO ; JSauot- 
XNO. ] To feel or perceive with pleasure ; to po»> 
sess ; to use. — ^-Joy'ment (-ment) , n. Satla- 
faction ; gratification ; happiness. 

Bn-largo' (Sn-lSrj'), t>. /. & t. [Ehlabobd 
(-liirjdO ; ENi^Bomo (-lar'jTng).] To swell ; to 
increase; to expand. — En-la^O'lneilt (-m«nt), 
n. Expansion; release. 

Bn- light' en (8n-]it"n), v. /. [ENnoBTranD 
(-'nd); Enliohtbnino.] To supply with light ; 
to illuminate; to instruct. — Ba- light 'en- ar 
(-8r), n. ~ En-Ught'en-ment (-ment), n. Act of 
enlightening, or stato of being enlightened. 

Bn-li8t' (8n-ll8f), V. /. & <. To enter on a list ; 
to enroll; to unite to a cause. — En-llatlaent 
(-ment), n. An enlisting ; a writing by which a 
soldier, eto., is bound. 

Bn-liv'en (6n-liv'*n), V. U To give life, action, or 
motion to ; to cheer ; to animate ; to invigorate. 

En'mi-ty (Sn'mT-tj^), n. Hatred ; hostiUty ; itt- 
will; malevolence. 

E-nor^mons (e-ndr'mtis), a. Beyond usual rule or 
measure ; vast ; excessive ; atrocious. — E-nof'- 
mi-ty (-mT-tj^), n. State of being enormoua, 
monstrous, or outrageous ; villainy ; atrocity. 

E-nongh' (ft-niif ^, a. Satisfying deare ; adequate. 
^ €utv. Sufficiently ; quite, ^n. A sufficiency* 

En-qnire'. v. i.&t See Inquibb. 

En-rage' (8n-raj'), v, t. To fill with rage ; to fiw 
ritate ; to exasperate ; to anger. 

En-rich' (8n-rTch'), v. /. To make rich ; to adorn ; 
to fertilize ; to Instruct. ■ « 

Bn-rolF (8n-r51')) v. t. To write in a roll or regi- 
ister ; to record ; to enlist ; to envelop ; to in- 
volve. — En-roll'ment, En-rol'ment (-ment),ii. 
Act of enrolling ; a register. 

llEn' route' (Sn' rSot'). On the way or road. 

En-SOOnoa' (fin-skSna'), t«. t. To cover ; to shelter. 

En-ahrina' (8n-shrin'), v. t. To inclose in a shrine 
or chest ; to cherish. 

En'ai-form (8n'8T-fOrm), a. Sword-shaped. 

En'algn (Sn'sin), n. A standard ; a fli^ ; a banner; 
a signal ; a standard bearer. 

Bn'ai-laga (8n'sl-lij), n. Preservation of fodder, 
or fodder preserved, in a tUot or air-tight pit or 

laoeafe, teb» ryde, f ^ ftm, food* f oR^t, oat, oil, eliair, so, ain^ ink, tiMO, tlnk 






^ttt— V. i. [Enbilaoso (-lijd); BmiLAaiiia.] 
To preserve (fodder, rye, cats, etc.) in a silo. 

BB-8]AVe' (fin-BlavO* v,t. To reduce to slavery 
or bondage. — En-slAYO'mei&t (-ment), n. An 
enslaving ; bondage ; servitude. 

Bn-sne' (6n • su ') , v, t, & i, [En- 
SUED (-sudO ; I^suiNO.] To fol- 
low ; to pursue ; to succeed. 

Bn-tabOa-tnio (Sn-tia/l4-tur), n. 

A superstructure resting hori- 
zontally upon the columns, in 
classical architecture. 
Bn-tan'gle (Sn-tSn'gU), v. t. [En- 


(-glTng).] To twist or inter- 
weave ; to perplex ; to embar- 
rass ; to bewilder. — En-tan'- 
gle-me]lt(-ment),n. Intricacy ; perplexity. 

Bnter (Sn'ter), v. /. & {. [Entebed (-terd) ; En- 
tering.] To go or come in ; to penetrate ; to 
begin ; to record ; to write down. 

En'ter-JoriSO (6n't§r-priz), n. An undertaking ; 
bold attempt; adventure.^ v. /. To under- 
take; to venture upon. — En'tor-prifl'ing (-pri^- 
zTng), a. Bold or forward to undertake ; active. 

En'tor-tatn' (Sn'tSr-tSn'), t;. /. [Entebtained 
(-tand') ; Entertaining.] To maint>ain ; to sup- 
port; to engage the attention of; to amuse. 
—V. {. To receive guests. — En'tiur-taln'er, n. 
— En'tftr-taln'ing, a. Amusing; diverting. — 
Bn'tor-talnfment (-ment), n. Amusement ; hos- 
pitality ; reception ; repast. 

Bn-throno' (8n-tbr5nOf V. '. To place on a 
throne ; to invest witti authority. — ^-tlUOIUl'- 
nent (-ment), n. An enthroning. 

En-tilll'll-asm (Sn-thu'zT-Sz'm), n. Ardent zeal 
in respect to some object or pursuit; lively 
emotion or interest; fanaticism. — Ell-tllll'Bl- 
ast (-zT-Sst), n. One actuated by enthusiasm ; 
a fanatic ; a zealot — En-tlin'll-aJltlO (-SstTk), 
Ea-tlin'll4U/tlO-al (-tT-kal), a. Filled with 
enthusiasm. —En-tllU'll-a8tlo-al-l7t adv. 

Bn-tioe' (Sn-tis'), v. /. [Entiobd (-tisf); En- 
ticing (-ti'sTng).] To draw on ; to instigate ; 
to coax ; to seduce ; to persuade. — En - uOO '> 
ment (-ment), n. Allurement ; temptation. 

En-tire' (Sn-tirQ, a. Complete in all parts; 
whole; unbroken; full. -~En-tlre'l7t odv. — 
Bn-tlre'&ess, En-tlre^ (-1^), n. Complete- 
ness; integrity. 

Bn-tltle (8n-titn), v. U To give a title, right, or 
claim to ; to name ; to style. 

Bn-tomV (Sn-tSomOf V* ^ L^i^'roMBBD (-t55ind0 ; 
Entombing.] To deiK>sit in a tomb ; to bury. 

Bn'tO-mol'0-K7 (Sn^t^-mSl't-j]^), n. Science of 
insects. — IsSL 'to - mol ' - ^st (- jTst), n. One 
versed in entomology. — En ' tO - mo - log ' lo - al 
(-m^-lSjT-kal), a. Pertaining to entomology. 

Entrails (Sntralz), n. pU Bowels ; intestmes. 

Bntranoe (Sntrans), n. Act or means of enter- 
ii>?f going into, or taking possession ; power to 
enter ; door or passage ; commencement ; initi- 
ation; entry. 

Bn-tranoe' (8n-tr&n8')« v. /. [Entranced 

(-trAnstO ; Bntkanoing (-tr&n'sTng).] To put 
hito a trance ; to ravish ; to enrapture. 

En-trap' (Sn-trSp'), v. U [Entbaffed (-trSpf) ; 
ENTRAFPiNe.] To catch as in a trap ; to insnare. 

En-treat' (6n-treV), v. <. & t. To supplicate ; to 
implore. — En-treafy (-j^), n. Suit ; petition. 

IIEn'tr^e' (aN'trf), n. Entry; a permission or 
right to enter ; a course of dishes, served at the 
beginning of dinner, or between the courses. 

En-vnat', v. t. See Intrust. 

Entry (Sn'trj^), n. An entering; entrance; in- 
gress; beginning; passage; record. 

E-nn'mer-ate (S-nu'mer-St), v. /. To count ; to 
number ; to reckon ; to compute ; to recapitu- 
late. — E-nn'mer-ation (-S'shtui), n. An enu- 
merating ; a detaUed account. 

E-nnn'Oi-ate (^-nttn'shl-at), v. t^ To announce ; 
to utter ; to pronounce. — E-nnn'Oi-ation (-st- 
5'shiin or -shT-a'shfin), n. An utterance; an 
announcement ; a declaration. 

En-vei'gle (6n-ve'g'l), v, t. To entice. See In- 

En-yel'op (Sn-vSl'Sp), v. t. [Enveloped (-9pt) • 
Enveloping.] To surround as a covering ; to 
wrap up ; to luclose within a case, wrapper, etc 
— Ba'vel-ope (Sn'v6l-op or iiN've-lSp'), JBn-yel'- 
op (6n-v81'5p), n. That which envelops ; cover. 

En'vi-a-ble (8nM-&-bn), a. Fitted to excite 
envy ; desirable. — En'Vi-ons (-lis), a. Feeling 
or harboring, exhibiting, or directed by, envy. 

En-Vi'ron (Sn-vi'rfin), V, t. To surround ; to en- 
circle ; to envelop. — En-vittm-ment (-ment), 
n. Surroundings. — En-Vittmn (Sn-vi'i^nz or 
8n'vT-r8nz), n. pL Places surrounding or ad- 
joining another ; suburbs. 

En'voy (Sn'voi), n. A messenger ; a postscript 
to a iK>em, book, etc. 

En'vy (8n'^), n. Discontent or vexation at ■»• 
others success ; emulation. ^v.t.& t. [Envind 
(-vid) ; Envtino.] To regard with discontent 
and emulation ; to covet. 

E-o'll-an (e-o'lT-<m), E-ol'io, a. See .Solxan. 

Ep'an-leV (Sp'^ristO, Ep'an-lette', n. A badge 
worn on the shoulder by military and naval offi- 
cers ; a shoulder knot. 

Eph'od (Sf'M), n. A vestment of Jewish priests. 

Ept-onre (Spa-kur), n. One addicted to sensual 
enjoyments ; voluptuary. — Ep'i-on-re'an (-kt- 
re'on or -kCr^-on), a. Given to luxury. 

Ep/i-demto (Sp^-dSm'Tk), Ep^i-dem'lo-al (-T- 
kal), a. Common to a whole people or com- 
munity ; generally prevailing. — jSp'i-dem'iO, n. 
A disease which affects numbers of persons at 
the same time. 

Ep'i-der'mis (Sp'T-dSr'mTs), n. The cuticle or 

Ep'i-glottiB (Sp^-glSttTs), n. A leaf -shaped 
cartilage, which prevents food or drink from 
entering the lar3nix while eating. 

Ept-gram (8pT-^m), n. A diort poem treating 
concisely a single topic. — Ep'l-grani-matto 
(-mStTk), Ep'i-grani-matto-al(-T-kal),a. lake 
an epigram ; concise ; pointed. 

Ept-lep'ay (Sp'I-iep'sS^), n. a disease of the bram 

S, S, I, o, 11, long i A, 6, 1, 6, tt, j^, short i lenAte. tvent, tdea, 6bey. ttnite, oAie, ilrm, Ask, ||11, 1^^ 




attended by paroxysms and loss of conaoious- 
neas; the **falling sickneaa.** — BP'i-l0P'tiO 
(-ISi/tlk), a. Pertaining to, or affected witli, 
epilepey. — n« A sufferer from epilepsy. 

BP^-lokno (fipT-lSg), fi. A short poem at tbo 
end of a play ; the dosing part of a discourse. 

B-plpll'ft-liy Wfi^'^^f)* ^ ^° appearance ; 
manifestation ; a church f estlTal (January 6th) 
celebrating tlie visit of the wise men to the 
child Jesus at Bethlehem. 

B-plB^OO-pal (i-pTs'kt-pal), a. Governed by bish- 
ops ; bdonging to, or vested iu, bishops or j^l- 
atee. ^ E-FlB'OO-pali-ail (-pSaT-an), a. Per- 
taining to episcopacy ; episcopaL^n. One who 
adheres to the episcopal form of church gov- 
ernment ; a churchman. — E-plB'OO-pal-ly (^ 
pXa^t-pcAAf), adv. — E-plB'OO-pa-oy (-pM^), 
f». Oovemment of the church by bishops. — 
B-pls'00-patO (-pit), n. A bishopric ; the col- 
lective body of bishops. 

EP'i-iOda (fip'T-sOd), n. An incidental narrative, 
or digression. 

B-pla^O (^pTs'n), n. A writing directed to a 

Person ; a letter. — E-J^istO-la-ry (-ti-It-rj^), a, 
ertaining to, or contained in, letters. 

BPt-taph (epT-tftf ), n. An inscription on a mon- 
ument, in memory of the dead. 

EP'i-tliet (6pT-tli8t),n. A title ; an appellation. 

E-Vit'0-mo (tHpIfft-mS), n. A brief summary; 
a compendium ; an abstract ; a synopsis. — 
E-plt'O-mlzo (-miz), v. /. To shorten or abridge. 

SiP^i-ZO'tt-ty (fip^-zo's-tj^), n. An epidemic dis- 
ease among horses and cattle ; influenza ; mur^ 
rain. — BP'i-ZO-VtlO (-zft-Bflk), a. Epidemic 
among animals. — n, Epizootv. 

BP'OOb (Sp'Qk or S'pOk), n. A fixed pohit of 
time; era; date ; jperiod ; age. 

BP'Mm salt' (Sp'som af^V), Sulphate of mag- 
nesia, having cathartic qualities. 

B'QIia-Ue (Sncw&-bl), a. Equal and uniform; 
not variable or changing. — E'ana-My, adv, — 
B'^llA-llll'i'ty (-bllt-tf ), n. 

B^oval (Slnval), a. like in magnitude, value, 
oegree, etc.; fit; fair; juBt.^n. One not in- 
ferior or superior to another. — v. t Equaled 
(S'kwald) or Equalled; Equaldvo or Equal- 
LDTG.] To be or become equal to ; to equalize. 
— E'vnal-ly, adv. — E-avall-ty (ft-kw5W-t^), 

n. Condition or quality of being equal ; exact 
agreement. — E'ftlial-izo (eHcwal-iz), v. t. 
make equal. — E^QIial-i-zatioil (-T-za'shOn), 
Act of equalizing. 

B'Qna-nlm'i-ty (§'kwA-nTmrr-t3^), n. Evenness 
of mind ; composure ; calmness. 

B-VIUlt0' (^-kwStOf V, U To make equal ; to reduce 
to an average. — E-i;|1iati011 (-kwS'shfin), n. An 
expression of equality betweeil two quantities, 
by placing the sign = between them. 

B-<ilUltor (i-kwS'uIr), n. A great circle equally 
distant from the two iwles, and dividing the 
earth's surface into two hemispheres. — E'qiia- 
torri-al (S^kwA-tiVrl-ol), a. Pertaining to the 
equator.— >n. An astronomical instrument for 
tdescopio observation of celestial bodies. 


B-QllMl^tri-aB (t-kw8s^I<an), a. Pertaining to 
horses, horsemanship, or ancient knighthood. — 
n. Ahor8eman;ander. — B-qvaa'tri-anna' 
f-Su'). n. A horsewoman. — B-^naa'tri-aii-laaa 
(-an-iz*m), n. Horsemanship. 

B^qvi-an'gll-lar (e'kwI-Sn'g!&-ler), a. Consisting 
of, or having, equal angles. 

B^qili-dlataBt (S^kwT-dU'tant), a. Behig at an 
equal distance from the same point. 

Fqui-lat'ar-al (S'kwI-lSt^r-al), a. Having aU 
the sides equal. 

E^avi-liOirata (S^kwT-li'brSt), v. i. 
To balance equally (two scales, 
sides, or ends); to keep in equi^ 
poise. — E'mil-liVri-lim (-ITbM- 
hm), n. EquaUty of weight or EquUateraL 
force ; Just poise or balance ; bal- ^ 
ancing of the mind between motives or reasons. 

B-qvi'&al (^kwi'nol), E'qililia (e'knin), a. like 
or pertaining to a horse. 

E'qni-nox (S'kwI-nSks), n. Time (about March 
'H and September 22) when the sun enters the 
equinoctial ^ints. — E^qvi-noc'tial (-nSk'shal), 
a. Pertaining to the equinoxes, the regions 
of the equinoctial line or equator, or the time 
when the sun enters the equinoctial points. — > 
n. The celestial equator. — Eqninootlal pointl. 
Hie two points where the celestial equator and 
ecliptic intersect each other. 

E-qnip' (fi-kwTp'), v, t, [Equiffed (-kwTptO; 
Equifpimo.] To dress; to arm; to supply with 
all requirements. — E-qvip'mant (-ment), n. 
Act of equipping; equipage. — Ea'vi-paca 
(8k'wl-ptj), n. Furniture (of a ship, soldier* 
army, etc.); accoutrements; retinue. 

E'qili-poisa (SncwT-poiz), n. Equality of weight 
or force ; equilibrium ; balance. 

Bq'nl-ty (Sk'wT-tj^), n. The giving each man his 
due ; justice ; impartiality ; rectitude ; upright- 
ness. — EqMll-ta-ble (-ti-bU), a. Possessing 
equity ; just ; honest ; impartial ; upright. 

E-qnuiv'a-lent (%-kwTv'&.lent), a. Equal in value, 
dimensions, etc. ^ n. Something equivalent. — 
E-qniVa-Ienca (-10ns), E-aiiiy'a-la&-oy (-len- 
sj^), n. Equality of value, force, etc. 

E-quiv'o-oal (^-kwTv'^-kal), a. Having different 
significations ; ambiguous ; doubtful ; uncertain. 
— E-qviy'lHMlta (-kSt), v. i. To use words 
of equivocid signification ; to prevaricate ; to 
evade; to shuffle. — E-qiiiy^o-ca'tien (-kS'- 
shQn), n. Ambiguity of speecli ; evasion ; quil> 
bling. — E-qniv'o-oa'tor (-tSr), n. 

E'xa (S^rft), n. A fixed point of time, from which 
to compute ; epoch ; date ; period ; age. 

E-xad'i-oata (^-rSdT-kSt), v. t. To pull up by 
the roots ; to exterminate ; to destroy. — E-iad'- 
i-oa'tion (-ka'shfin), n. Extirpation. 

E-raaa' (^-riw'), v, t. [Ebabbd (-litef ) ; EBAsiNa.] 
To rub or scrape out ; to efface ; to obliterate. — 
E-ra'snie (-ra'zhdr), n. Obliteration. 

Era (ar or fir), adv, & prep. Before ; sooner 
than ; rather than. 

E-raot' ( ^ - rSkt f ), a. Upright ; perpendicular ; 
uplifted ; bold. — v. t. !^ set upright ; to lift 

Unit zaoenti <lrb» ryde, f^^ Unit f dbd, f oTot, out, oU« cliair, go, sins, iQk, then, ttiia^ 

touubiiihi tofaoDd.- 

''-\-adVM BefOTA lOdff- 

Dp; tonlHi to a 

tbn (t-rik'iiiiin), 

Bd ; building. 
Bn'lODC (S^og' D 
IBPgO (ir'gt), eo^^i. 
Bfmlna (ir'mlu), n 

Uw fin of this ait- 

tEBEiD(Brd)i EnnUw. 

KsiHS (irTIiig 
or Br*-).] To wamter (rom Uw iMit my ; to 
uiisuke. — Er'nuit ( ar'rant ), a. WnndMiug i 

Bnul Wraud), n. ' Buglnae Intnutad to > 

b-raVlg{«i-rItak).Ei-ntlMa(-|lka]),a. Bm- 

lEr-i»tmn (Sr-riWnm), n. ,- pi. Eaaiu (-rirt*). 

BrYST (Syi^), B. A wuideriug innn (he ri^ht 
coiine : HuC <a triltli ; fmilt. — Bt-tyat-OBM 
1C>rB^iMl«),a. CoDtuhdiu amr j IhIh. 

B-TSOV (t-rOkf ), BTiianita^.rttktIt), c. t. To 
elect (wind) from the itDiuuli: lobekli. — ET- 
ao-tatlOB«r'ak-tVidiaDin'S'ilUi-),n. Abalcli- 
iBg ot wind Imn tlM nlomuli : ejectian of wind 

Br'»41to(Er'a.dit),a. HbtIue e'ltenilie rwding 
or kDOwledga ; learned. — BTn-dltlon (-dlah^ 
On), n. Uteraturei leuniiig. 

Bmitloa (t-rflp'ahlli)), n. A bretklug or bnntiog 

a. Breaklug forth. 
Bry-alV*-!" (Sr'I-'Ip^'"). »- Bt Anthon/'B 

BtotlllllSe-ltSl'ap),'!. A blTilve ihell ; a cuir- 
tng Lndeiktuifi In the luar^ of uiythlng. 

Bl'M-Pldf (ee'kA-pid'). n. A BIhk or taclnninl 
kick of ■ horse ; a freak ; ■ p»n£. 

BtWP*" (Bt-k»p'), '■■ I. To stold ; to flee ; to 
«him by fligbt ; lo Bvede. — u. i. To huteo 
■way : to iiiold injury. —ii. flight ; dsUventDce. 

ilamo<«uenlaBiidiiIloirgatoothto ^^^ 
arape from ■ pallet et euh .ibn>- ^^?$L, 

(-child'); EMamnBo.l To dee ^jJL;!' 

BTMIt' (BiTiOrt); «. A fpiud ftom E"!"?'"'""- 

plKetepliKe; prolectlon.— El-aoif (Ke-kart/), 

BVod-toln' (h'krT-lwii'), n. A writing deak, 
BTOU-lant lii^S-lent). a, fit lor food; edible. 

— n. Aiiythine eMable. 
Bl-DIltob'MIl (aa-kncb'hn), n. A tliield ; b coat 


■ BrtlW) (Strkl-mt 


biting Arc- ^ 

dGree™ V 
id.-Bikl- I 

dog, akin to ^ 

the wolf, u»d » 

bytbe Bekl- i 
m« b> d»w 


Eji«Vb'«-tM (t-e5f'4-gai), (B-upli'i-riu, n. 

to the staunch ; the gullet. 
Bl-pil1n(«'yEi), II. A frame or lattice to 

B>-i*'QUt (St-iAb'sl). E. Peculiar ; apscial ; par- 
ticular i cbiel. — E»'P*'aUl-l7, adv. 

EbjI'iI <*i-pi'ul|. u. All eapylng 1 dlecovBiy. — 
&rfi-«-aas» («B'pI-S -iitj or -ulih'), n. Prae- 
tJceol enlee; aecret waLchiug. 

EVIll-Dadf Ifo'pitaiid'), H. A dear ipace be- 
lorB a f onlflcatlon, or for public walks w dliTe*. 

B»-PODM' (is-pOIU'i, V. I, [ElFDDaWI (-pooid') 1 

EaPouBise.l To give aa apouK ; to uiarry : to 
ved ; to adopt ; to embrace. — Et-pmu'il (-ol), 
n. Uarriage ; adoption. 

B»-py l«a-pi'). P. I. & (. [Esran (-pid") ; Esn- 
XHo.l Todlscem : tofludout ^ todeecry; toipy. 

Ei'qiu-mau. n. Sen Esruio, ». 

Bl^nll*' (S>-k»ir'). i.. A ahleld-bearer ; an at- 
teudaut on ik kpLght ; a title of dignity below ■ 
kiiight.^F. f. Towaiton; tcattend. 

^MfJ iifllLJ.n. Atrial: in attempt 1 a abort 

■sno (-aid') ; 
— El'u.T-laK-sa-iat). n 
Ea'*ano>(ea'6flU)), n, Co 

»i .'" 

MSDt principle. 

prt^perty, esp. 



Bl-I*ta'(i>^')'"- I'i»d 
or person ; rank ; property, 
ol Hie claseei ot men emtlti 

H»-tMiB'(«Mo>a0.f.<. [KaiDni 

Tuuia.l losetaTdneoni __.__ 

regard with napect or affection.— s. High iv- 
gard.-Bim-BU-U«(«>i^I-mt-b1),a. Oapabls 
of being eatunaled or Valufld ; worthy of respsct. 

El^-IUta (Ea'tl-inU), V. I. To fonn an opinion of 

calculate. — Ei^-nuit«(-iutl|,n. Approiimat* 
Judgment as U> amount, coat, etc — Eltl-IU'- 
tn (-mS'tSrl, n. -Bi'tl-nH'tloii (-niB'ahOn). 

El-tIulf>'(BB-tAij').tJ.l, [EsTB>»aaD(-triu]d')- 

■.•,I,B,lt,10Bgi lk,e,l,ft,a.}.Ibott;aw«>e.«Tent.lde^Ab«y,On»*,ckre,llrni,tak,^bal. 




EsTBAVomo.] To make strange ; to keep at a 
distance ; to alienate.— Bft-trailge'^llltnt (-ment), 
n. Alienation; removal. 

BB-tttLj' (Ss-tra^), n. A valuable animal, wander- 
ing from its owner ; a stray. 

Eltn-a-ry (Ss'td-a-rj^), n. A narrow passage, 
where the tide meets the current ; a frith. 

^^iBfght^ {t/Wzh&r'), n. A piece of furniture 
having shelves^ one above another. 

Btoll (6ch), V. /. [Etcbkd (Scht) ; Etchzro.] To 
engrave (figures or designs) on metal, glass, 
etc., by lines eaten in by acid. — v. <. To prac- 
tice etching. — Btohlllg, n. Art of etching; 
a print from an etched plate. 

E-tsr'llial (^-tSr'nal), a. Without beginning or end 
of existence ; everlasting ; perpetual ; immuta- 
ble. —n. That which has no beginning or end ; 
the Deity ; God. — E-tor'lll-ty (-nT-tj^), n. The 
condition or quality of being eternal ; the condi- 
tion which begins at death. — E-tor'lllzo (-niz), 
V. /. To make eternal or endless ; to immortalize. 

Wthn (S'thSr), n. A subtle fluid supposed to per^ 
▼ade space ; a light, volatile, and inflammable 
fluid.— Etber-lM (-iz), V. t. To convert mto 
cither; to put under the influence of ether. — 
E-tho'tO-ai (t-the'r^-al), a. Pertaining to the 
ether ; celestial ; light or airy. 

VtM-IV (SnhT-8p),E't]ll-091-a]l (-S'pT-an), n. 
A native of Ethiopia. — j^tU-O'ipl-an, £^tlll- 
optO (-5p'Tk), a. Belonging to Ethiopia. — 
^thl-op'le, n. The language of Ethiopia. 

Bt1-4iette' (St^-kSf \ n. The observance of the 
proprieties required- by good breeding ; conven- 
tional decorum ; ceremony. 

Bt'y-mol'O-fT (8t0r-m51'6-j$), n. Science of the 
origin and derivation of words. — "EX'j-moVfi- 
glst (-jYst), n. One versed in etymology. — Et'- 
y-mo-logac-al (•mi-lSjT-kal), a. Pertaining to 
etymology. — Et'y-mo-lOg'lc-al-ly, adv. 

Sn'olia-rlst ( u ' k& - rTst ), n. Sacrament of the 
Lord's supper; communion. 

SnlO-fT (un^-jj^), n. A speech or writing com- 
mendmg the character or services of a person ; 
encomium; paneg^c. — En'iO-glBt 
(-JTst), n. One who eulogizes. — EU'^lo-gUKtic 
•JTs'tTk), a: Commendatory; laudatory. — 
tn-lo'ftl-lim (a-lS'jT-iim), n. A formal eulogy. 
— EaOo-Clze (ul^-jiz), v. t. To praise. 

Sn'^llO-liyTu'ft-nj^), n. Agreeable sound ; smooth 
enunciation of sounds. — Eu-phon'lo (ii-f5nTk), 
Eu-plum'io-al (T-kai), En-pho'&l-oiLi (-fS'nT- 
Ss), a. Agreeable in sound. 

lEll-r»'ka(1i-r6nc&). [Or., "I have found it."] A 
triumphant exclamation on making a discovery. 
te'ro-pa'an (u'ri-pS'on), a. Pertaining to Eu- 
rope. ^ n. A native or an inhabitant of Europe. 

E-TftO^-ate (^-vSk'd-5t), V. /. To make empty : to 
eject ; to void ; to quit. — E-yao'n-a-tor (-a'ter), 
n. — Erao^-ant (-d-<nit), a. Evacuative. — n. 
A purgative or cathartic. — E-vac'n-a^on (4['- 
shBn), n. An evacuating; withdrawal; that 
which is discharged. 

E-Tad*' (^vidOif* L&i. To elude ; to escape. 

EVt-BM^oaat (ev'i-nSs'sent), a. Vanishing; 

fleeting; imperoeptible. — ET't-llMl'( 
(-S0ns), n. Disappearance. 
E-Tan'gel (i-vXn'jSl), t*. Good news ; the gospeL 
— E^yan-nl'lc (S'vSn-jfiiak or 8v/Sn-), FyaB- 
gel'lo-al (-i-kal), a. Contained in, relating to, or 
consonant with, the gospel ; orthodox. — E'yail- 

SiFlo-al-ly, tuft;. — E^yan-^ell-oiim MSi'T- 
z'm), n. Evangelical prmciples. — E-yan'- 
gol-ifft (-Tst), n. One of the writers of the 
gospel history ; a missionary preacher. 

E-yap'o-rato (S-vSp'd-rat), v. i. & t. To pass ofF in 
vapor ; to diiasipate ; to waste. — E-yap'O-ratioil 
(-rS'shliu), n. Conversion of a fluid into vapor. 

E-ya'aion (%-va'zhiin), n. An evading; sub- 
terfuge; equivocation. — E-ya'aiye (-siv), a. 
Tending to evade, or marked by evasion. 

Eyo(ev), E'yen (S'v'n), n. Evening; evening 
preceding some particular day, aa Chrittnuu eve 
is the evening before Christmas. 

E'yon (e'v'n), a. Xievel, smooth, or equal in 
surface ; uniform ; fair ; equitable ; not odd ; c»> 
pable of division by 2 ; — said of numbers. — v. t. 
To make even ; to level ; to balance.— adv. Ex- 
actly ; equally ; at the very time ; so much as. 

E'yen-tng (S'v*n-ing or ev'uing), n. Close of the 
day ; beginning of night. 

E-yent' (i-v8nt'), n. That which falls out or hap- 
pens ; incident ; occurrence ; result ; conse- 
quence; end. — E-yent'ful (-f^l), a. Full of 
incidents ; momentous. — E-yen^-al (-vSn'- 
ttt-al), a. Happening as a consequence or re- 
sult ; flnal ; ultimate. — E-yen'tU-al-ly, adv. 

Ey'ar (Sv'Sr), adv. At any time; at all times; 
always ; without interruption ; to the end. 

Ey'ar-gladO (Sv'Sr-glSd), n. Low land inundated 
with water and bearing grass. 

Ey^MT-grotn (Sv'Sr-greu), a. Always green. — 
n. A plant that retains leaves all the year. 

Ey'ar-last'tllg (Sv^Sr-Ust/Ing), a. Lasting for- 
ever; immortal; eternal.— >n. Eternal dura- 
tion ; eternity ; a woolen stuff for slices, etc. ; 
lasting; a plant, whose flowers dry without 
losing form or color. — Ey'er-last'ing-ly, adv. 

Ey'er-lttOro'(8v'Sr-mor'),adt;. Always; eternally. 

Ey'er-y (Sv'Sr-y), a. Each one of a whole.— 

Ey'er-y-lMd'y (-bSd'y), Ey'er-y-one' (-wfin'), 

n., also Eyery one. Every person. — Ey'- 
•r-y-day' {-da/)^ a. Used or fit for every day ; 
common ; usual ; customary. — Ey'er-y-thing' 
(-thing'), n. Whatever belongs to the matter 
considered ; all things. — Ey ' er - y - wliera ' 
(-hwtW), adv. In every place ; altogether. 

E-yicV (^-vTktn, V. t. To dispossess by judicial 
process; to eject; to oust. — E-yiO'tion (-vTk'- 
sh&n), n. Dispossessian. 

Ey'l-dent (Sv^-dent), a. Clear ; plain ; obvious. 
— Ey'i-dont-ly, arfr. — Ey'l -deuce (-dens), 
n. That which makes evident ; ground of be- 
lief ; conclusive testimony ; witness. — v. /. To 
show ; to prove. 

E'yll (S'v'l), a. Having bad qualities ; hurtful ; 
wicked; wrong; calamitous.— >n. Injury; ca- 
lamity ; wickedness. ^ adv. In an evil manner ; 
not well ; ilL 

UtUp recent, drb, q|de, ff U, ftm, fcM»d, idht, out, oil, cliair, so, sins, iQk, then, thin. 



Capable of twin? 

IB.] To C8.. . 



I-tMv'}, v. (. [BioLTUi {••nidO 1 
h.] To iinfoW or unroll ; to damlop i 
-v.i. To beconie dsFslopHL 

ir), n. A wlde-moutheij fug OT pltdisr, 

etl^— ».'(.'"l^T(.I 
3 require of right \ 
■ — Ez-unr, adv. 

'">. - 

l-tBd* (-ttn-lud), n. 
I!x-«C'in'-at> liBtij'Br^ 

Bi-ilt'(Sgi-Hlf),f.'. Too 

EitiusiNO.1 Tolnawctiti 

U'tieil(-l-D>'ahtiiO.>t. Ai 

InTSStlEBt^DQ ; inquiry. 

IiX-UiV« (*gl-'bn'p'l), n. 

B*-MW-»ti (egi-ii-pSr-it 

(-qhinjit-t'l), ... ...... 

— Ez-Bhu|fa-Ul1-tr (-t-bnl-tf ), n. 
BX-OHMI'nwT&Hiba'Sr), R. Anl^gll 
of I«w, Blso thi . . . . 

DhArHfioT ths Te 
X-dM' (A-ui'- 

[BlAUHKD (-iDd) : 

,'lB-ar, n. — Ex-un'l 

Bi'oa-TitOT (-'s'ti 

Bi(»Luin>.] To eio 
gti-lnt (a'tei-leut), 

Bl-OMIIIIlt:, a. Horsli 

». — Bl'wl-lBnMT. oilv.- 
Bl'Ml-IOlM (-Ima), n. State or quoliC]' 1 
being eicaUenc ; eoilosnoo ; goodoMs ; greM 
new- — B«'Ml-l0n-C7 (-len-^), n. Eicellonce 

. ...._ _. u ^ — to high dignitaries. 

r), a. Hlglier. — n. Stud 

iphoMwy, made of EUled atareda e 


option to ; Id ob^ct. —prtp. 
ucluaiDii of i leavliw out ; eioepdiig. — 
UnleiB \ 11 not. — BX-MlViaf, prtf. A 
(prop- p. prX Witii eicepUou of; tt- 
" -£x-wptian (.aKp'abnn), n. 
excluded \ ot^eotlob. — B^ 

puaiiia; Hipe 


lully; b . 

bt-ahUC*' (Rlu-chiiij''). n. 1. [EicHASsui 
(^ihanja/ji ElClIiB0I^o (-chSn'JIog).] Togirt 

e: biJaiicliig of acoouaUi idkca 

A Ijarterin^j 1 

Duty on good 

tt-jOifj. V.'i. To out off ( 
[-alib'llu), n. A catUng 



Ei-alto%iiit (- 


i-elt't-Ua, a. — Ex-lllt''«-Ul'l-tr 

■" --\ «. IrritabilU- "- -"• — 
Lcltlng. — B. i 

ifmffDt}. n. Agitation : itata 
ii'),t.i. [ExciuUiai>(-Uimd')^ 

slalm'K, n. — Ex' 

-matUm (-kll-ma'ahtin), 
g ', eApreailou of aurprijo, jay, 
rreaeing outcry \ interleotion \ 
noting emphatic utterance or 

expreadng. or uung, emj 

Bx-aliUI*MaiaUwi'), ". » 

out ; to Under from admlannj ; 
OlD'llatl (-klu'ihSn). n. An ei 
oln'ilTa (-bIi). a. Baring the pi 

cbarired from the body ; dung ; ordure. 
Ez-oni'cnit (Kka.krfe'Knt), a. Orowinc Dot 

wood, inacead of balr 




BXrOmW (6kB-kr6f)f v. t. To diaeharge from 
the body as lueleas ; to eject. — Ex-ontlOII 
( -kre'ahiin ), n. A throwing off effete matter 
from the body ; excrement. 

Ex-oru'Ol-ate (eks-kru'shT-St), v. t. To torture ; 
to torment. — Ex-OXll^ol-atioil (-a'shiin), n. 
Act of inflictu^ extreme pain ; torture. 

Ex-cnl'lpate (Sks-kftl'pSt), v, t. To clear from 
charge of guilt ; to excuse ; to justify. — Bz'- 
OQl-patiOll (Sks^kiil-pS'shfiu), n. Excuse. 

Ex-tur'slon (Sks-kdr'shSu), n. An expedition; 
a trip ; a digression. — BZ-OU'llOll-lst, n. One 
who goes ouan excursion. — Ex-oni'llvo (-sTy), 
a. Wandering; enterprising ; exploring. 

Ex-onae' (Sks-kuz'), v. t. To exculpate ; to par- 
don ; to overlook ; to remit ; to apologize for. — 
Ex-OVM' (-kus'), n. Apol(^;y ; justification. 

Ez'9-orat0 (Sks'e-krat), v. L To denounce evil 
against ; to abhor ; to curse. — Bz'e-ora-ble 
(-kr&-b'l), a. Very hateful ; detestable ; abom- 
mabla. — Ex'd-ora-bly, adv. — Ex ' e - ora ' tion 
(-krS'shfin^, n. A curse ; an imprecation. 

Ex'e-Ollte (SWe-kut), v, t. To carry into effect ; 
to give validity to ; to put to death ; to perform (a 
piece of music). — i;. t. To {terform an office or 
doty ; to play on a musical instrument. — Ex'e- 
cm^tor (-ku'rar), n.— Ex^e-cntion (-ku'shtiu), 
n. An executing ; performance ; achievement ; 
mode of performing works of art, of performing 
on an instrument, of engraving, etc. ; the si|^- 
ing and sealing a legal instrument ; a puttmg 
to death as a le^ pimishment. — Ex^e-cntioil- 
er (-Sr), n. One who carries into effect a judg- 
ment of death. —Ex-eo'U-tlVO (Sgz-Sk'd-tIv), 
a, Canying into effect ; pertaining to the exe- 
cution of the laws. — n. An officer or authority 
charged with the execution of the laws. — Ex- 
ee^-tOT (-tSr), n. One who executes or per- 
forms ; one appointed by a testator to execute 
his will ; one who settles an estate. — Ex-eo'n- 
tar-sUP) n. The office of an executor. — Ex-OO'- 
Q-to-ry (-td-T^)} a- Performixig official duties ; 
executive.— Ex-ec'n-treas (-trSs), Ex-M'u-trlx 
(-trTka), n. A female executor. 

Ex-am'^lar ($gx-Sm'plSr), n. An example, model, 
or pattern, to be imitated. — Ex ' om - pla - ry 
(-pll;-rj^), a. Acting as an exemplar ; serving as 
a model ; commendable ; serving as a warning. 

Ex-ea'^ll-fy (Sgz-Sm'plT-fi), v. t. [Exbhflitibd 
(•fid); ExBHPLirnno.] To illustrate by ex- 
ample. — Bx-tm'pll-fi-oa'tion (-fT-kS'shfin), n. 
An exemplifying ; a copy ; a transcript. 

Ez-#npf (8gz-9mpf), V. t. To take out or from ; 
to fr^ (from obligation or service) ; to release. 
— a. Taken out ; liberated. — n. One freed from 
duty ; one not subject. — Ex-Mnp^cn (-^mp^- 
shim), n. An exempting ; freedom from what 
others are subject to ; immunity ; privilege. 

Ez'ar-dsa (Sks'Sr-nz), n. Use ; training ; per- 
formance; exertion; activity; trial; task.— > 
V. /. [ExxBCisBD (-sizd) ; EzsBCismo (-a'zTng).] 
To use ; to employ ; to train ; to discipline ; to 
tax ; to vex. — v. i. To take exercise. 

Ex-«rt^ (^z-Srfe^), v. t. To put forth (strength or 

ability) ; to do ; to perform. — Ex-fiT^tiOII (-Sr'- 
shtin), n. An exerting ; effort ; struggle. 

Ex-lUde' (Sks-hSl' or Sgz-alO, v. t, & i. [Ez- 
lULBD (-haldO; ExHAiiiNO.] To send out or 
ettiit (vapor, etc.). — Bx'ha-latioil, n. Evap- 
oration ; matter exhaled ; fume ; effluvium. 

Exf liaiut' (Sgz-fust'), V, t. To draw out or drain off 
(Completely ; to empty ; to expend entirely ; to 
Wear out ; to weary. — a. Drained ; exhausted ; 
having expended or lost its energy. —n. Steam 
of an ei^ne, allowed to escape from the cylinder 
after having produced motion of the piston ; 
foul air drawn from a room by registers, etc. — 
Ex-]iaiut'er, n. — Ex-lianst'l-ble, a. — Ex- 
liaastless, a. — Ex-hanstion (-^'chtin), n. 

Act of exhausting ; state of being exhausted. — 
BX-lianstlve (-ftst^v), a. Serving or tendii^ 
to exhaust ; exhibiting all the facts or argu- 
ments. —Ex-hansflvd-ly, adv. 

Ex-UMt (Sgz-Ib^t or Sks-hlbit), v. t. To dis- 
play ; to show publicly. — n. An article shown 
in an industrial exhibition ; paper presented as 
a voucher, or in proof of facts. — Ex-hlVlt-or 
(-3r), Ex-UVlt-or, n. — Bx'lil-M'tloii (6ks/hT- 
bTsh'tin), n. Kxl exhibiting; manifestation; 
display ; public show. 

Ex-Ul'a-rate (Sgz-ri'4-rat or Sks-hTl'-), v. t. To 
make cheerful or merry ; to enliven ; to cheer. — 
Ez-hil'a-zant, a. Exciting joy, mirth, or 
pleasure. — n. That which exhilarates. — Ez- 
hU^a-ratlon (-rS'shSn), n. Animation ; gayety. 

Ex-liort' (Sgz-drt' or 8ks-h6rf ), v. t. & i. To ad- 
vise ; to warn ; to caution. — Ex-hort'0r, n. — 
BX'hor-tatlon (-hSr-tS'shSu), n. An exhort- 
ing; advice; counsel. 

Ex-inme' (6ks-hum'), v. t. [Exhumid (-humd') ; 
EXHUMiNO.] To dig up (from a grave^ ; to disin- 
ter. — Ex'nn-ma'wni (Sks'hu-ma'shun), n. An 

Ex'l-gemt (fiksT-jcnt), a. Requiring immediate 
aid or action ; pressing. — £Xl-gen00 (-j^ns), 
Ex^l-gon-oy (-jen-s]^), n. Urgency; distress; 
emergency ; necessity. 

Ex'ilO (Sksol), n. Forced separation from one*s 
country ; buushment ; one banished from his 
country.^ v. t. [Exiled (-ild) ; ExiLiNa.] To 
banish ; to drive away ; to transport. 

Ex-l8t' (5gz-Tsf), V. i. Tobe ; to live ; to have life. 
— Ex-lst'enco (-€ns), n. State of existing or. 
being ; occurrence ; a creature. 

Ex'lt (SksTt), n. A departure (from the stage of 
action or of life) ; death ; passage out of a place. 

Ex'O'dlUI (Sks'A-dtis), n. A departure i esp., the 
departure of the Israelites from Egypt ; a book 
of the Old Testament, narrating this departure. 

Ex-on'er-ate (Sgz-8n^r-at), v. t. To relieve (from a 
charge, obligation, or blame) ; to absolve ; to ac- 
quit ; to discharge. — Ex-on^er-a'tlon (-a'shtin), 
n. A freeing, or state of being freed, from a 
charge ; relief from censure. 

Ex-or'U-tant ( Sgz - 6r ' bT - tant ), a. Excessive v 
enormous ; irregular. — Ex-orHill-tant-ly, adv. 

Ex'or-olse (Sks'5r-siz), V. t. [Exorcised (-sizd); 
Exorcising.] To drive away (an evil spirit) by 

fi^^ laoenti <lrb» rude, f yll, Unit ioadf iiS'ot, oat, oil, cliair, (o, «ins, ink, th«n, thiiii 




ooDJuiation.— Bz'Qr-oi'ser {fikanir-nfzSr)^ n. — 
Bz'or-CiSDI (-sTz'm), n. Act of exorciaing ; in- 
cautation used for this end. — Ez'or-Oist (-sTst), 
n. One who pretends to expel evil spirits. 

Bx-€t'iO (6gz-5f Tk), a. Introduced from abroad ; 
foreign. — n. A plant, word, custom, etc. , of for- 
eign origin. 

Bx-pand' (Sks-pSndO»v. L & i. To open; to dilate ; 
to enlarge ; to extend. — Ez-panso' (-pSns'), n. 
That which is expanded ; wide extent of space 
or body ; the firmament. — Ex-pan'sioa (-{mn'- 
shfin), n. Dilatation ; enlargement ; expanse ; 
space ; room. — Ez-pan'sive ( -siv ), a. Serv- 
ii^, or having a capacity or tendency, to ex- 
pand. — Ez-pan'sive-ness, n. 

Ez-pa'tl-ate (Sks-pa'shl-St), v. i. To move at 
laxge ; to enlarge in discourse. 

Ez-patri-ate (6ks-pa'trY-at), v. t. To banish. — 
Bz-pa^tri-a'tiOIl (-S'shiin), n. Banishment. 

Bz-peot' (Sks-p8kf), V. t. To wait for ; to await ; 
to anticipate. — Ez-peot'ant (-ant), <u Waiting ; 
looking for. — n. One who waits in expecta- 
tion. — Ez-peot'anoe (-ans), Ez-peot'an-cy 
(-an-sj^), n. An expecting ; object of expecta- 
tion. — Ez-pee-tation (-pSk-tS'shiin), n. Act 
or state of expecting or being expected; thing 
expected; prospect; trust; promise. 

EZ-peo'tO-iate (eks-pSk'td-rSt), v, t, & i. To 
discharge (phlegm, etc.) from the throat or 
lungs; to spit. — Ez-pcio'to-rant (-rant), a. 
Tending to premote discharges from the lungs 
or throat. —n. Medicine to promote expecto- 
ration. —Ez-pec'to-ration (-rS'shiin), n. Act 
of expectorating ; matter expectorated. 

EZ-pe'di-BILt (8k8-pe'dT-«nt), a. Hastenhig for- 
ward ; tending to further a proposed object ; 
advisable; profitable. — n. Suitable means to 
an end ; contrivance ; resort. — Ez-po'di-eilt-ly, 
a«;v. — Ez-pe'di-enoe (-«ns), Ez-ptf'di-ta-oy 
(•«n-s3^), n. Quality of being expedient ; desir- 
ableness; self-interest; self-seeking. 

EZ'pe-ftitO (Sks'pe-dit), a. Free of impediment ; 
quick; prompt. —v. /. To relieve of imped- 
iments ; to quicken ; to dispatch. — Ez'Pe-dlte- 
ly, adv, — Ez'pe-di'tloa (-dish' an), n. 
Aomptness; haste; an enterprise; an excur- 
rion ; a body of persons making an excursion. — 
Ez'pe-(U'ti0118 (-dTsh'tis), a. Prompt ; ready ; 
quick ; alert. — Ez^pe-dltiOUS-ly, adv. 

Ez-pel' (Sks-pSlOf V. /. [ExPELLBD (-pSld') ; Ex- 
pelling.] To drive or force out ; to baniirii. 

Ez-pend' (eks-pgnd'), v. t. To apply or employ ; 
to use ; to consume ; to waste. — Ez-poid'i-tlire 
(-T-t6r), n. Disbursement ; expense. — Ez- 
pense' (jpSns^), n. Act of expending ; outlay ; 
cost. — Ez-pen'sWe (-pSn'sTv), a. Occasion- 
ing expense ; costly ; lavish ; extravagant. 

Ez-pe'ri-enoe (Sks-pl'rT-ens), n. Practical knowl- 
edge gained by personal observation or trial ; 
proof ; test ; experiment. — v. t. [Exfbbiknobd 
(•Snst) ; ExPRBiENOiNO.] To know or prove by 
trial ; to feel. 

Ez-pei/i-ment (6ks-p8r^-ment), n. A trial delib- 
erately instituted ; a practical test ; a proof. — 

V. i. To make trial; to test; to try. — Bz- 
pei'i-men'ter, Ez-par'i-mental-ist (-mfin'tai- 

ist), n. One who experiments. — Ez-por^l- 
men'tal (-mSn'tal), a. Pertaining to, or skilled 
in, experiments ; derived from, or affording, ex- 
periment. — Ez-par^i-mental-ly, adv, 

Ez-part' (Sks-pSrt'), a. Taught by use or experi- 
ence ; dexterous ; skillf uL — Ez'port (fiks'i^rt 
or 9k8-pSrt/), n. A practiced person ; a scieo^c 
or professional witness. 

Ez'pi-ate (Sks'pT-at), v. t. To make satisfaction 
or reparation for ; to atone for. — Ez^i-a-Ua 
(-A-b'l),a. — Ez'pi-a'tor (-a'ter), n. — Ez'pi-a'- 
tton (-a'sh&n), n. An expiating; atonement; 
satisfaction. — Ez^pi-a-to-ry (-&-t^-rj^),a. Hav- 
ing power to make atonement. 

Ez-plre' (Sks-pir'), «. t. [Expibbd (-pird') ; Ex- 
PmiNo.] To breathe out ; to emit from the 
lungs; to exhale.— V. i. To die; to come to 
an end ; to perish. — Ez'pi-xatiOll (Sks'pT-ra'- 
shQn), n. An expirins ; exhalation ; death ; 
termmation ; end. — rac-pll'a-to-ry (-pir'A-ti- 
ij^), a. Pertaining to, or employed in. emission 
of breath from the lungs. — Ez^^i-ry (Sks'pl-xj^ 
or fiks-piM) ^ Expiration. 

Ez-plaln' (^s-plan'), v. t. [Explained (-pland^ ; 
Explaining.] To make plain, manifest, or in- 
telligible; to interpret; to elucidate; to clear 
up. — V. i. To give explanation. — Ez-plallL'a- 
bid (-&-b'l), a. — Ez'pla-na^on (Sks^ptt-nS'- 
sh&n), n. An explaining; a description; an 
illustration ; a recital ; account ; detail. — Ez- 
plaxL'a-tO-ry (-plSn'&-ti^-rj^), a. Serving to ex- 
plain ; containing escplanation. 

Ez'pla-tive (Sks^plifr-tiv), a. Filling up ; super- 
fluous. — n. A word not necessary to the senae ; 
an oath. 

Ez-pliGit (Sks-plTs'Tt), a. Distinctly stated; 
clear ; plain ; express ; not ambiguous. 

Ez-plode' (8ks-pl5d0i V. i. & t. To burst with » 
loud report. —Ez-pll/BiOB (Sks-pl5'xhfin), it. 
A sudden bursting with loud noise ; a discharae ; 
an outburst. — Ez-plo'sive (-sTv), a. Gauwig 
explosion. — n. An explosive agent (gunpowder, 
nitroglycerine, etc.) ; a sound produced by an 
explosive impulse of the breath ; a conaonant 
(p, 6, /, d^ k, g) so sounded. 

Ez-ploit' (Sks-ploif), A. A deed ; an heroic act ; 
a feat.— v. t. To utilize; to make available 
(mining products, lands, etc). — Ez'ploi-ta'tiOB 
(Sks'ploi-ta'shfin), n. Process by which orea, 
etc., are rendered available. 

Ez-plore' (Sks-plSr^), v. t. To search thresh ; 
to examine thoroughly. — Ez-plor'ar, n. — £('- 
plo-ratlOlL (-pl6-ra'shQn), n. An exploring. — 
Ez'plo-xa'tor (Sks'pld-ra^tSr), n. 

Ez-plO'sien, etc. See under Explodb. 

Ez-port' (9ks-p5rf), v. t. To carry (wares, inod- 
ucts, etc.) from a country to other communi- 
ties. — Ez^rt (Sks'p^rt), n. An exportii^f ; 
article exported. — Ez-port'«r (-pSrt^r), n. — 
Ez'por-ta'tlon ( 6ks ' pir - tiE ' ahlin ), n. An ex- 
porting; commodity exported. 

Ez-pooe' (6ks-p5z'), v. t. [BxpoaiD (-pOidO; 

ft, 8, 1,5, a, long i &, g, 1, 5, <i, ft ahort \ mntiX^ <vant, tdea, 6bey, ttnite, e4ra, tea, jb«k, f^ll, WiMiU 




Izpouxo.] To lay open or bare ; to ahow ; to 
exhibit. — llBz'po'Btf' QHWpt^iM'), n. IHsclo- 
sure ; revelation of something concealed. — Ez'- 
po-Sitlon (-zlsh'fiii), n. An exposing ; a public 
exhibition or show; explanation; interpretation. 

Ex-p08^-lata (6ks-p5B't6-lat), v. i. To remon- 
strate earnestly. — Bz-POStU-la'tor (-IS'tSr), n. 
— Ex-poB'tn-la'tloil (-IS'shOn), n. Bemon- 
strance; earnest protest. 

Ex-pcKsore (Sks-pS'zhftr), n. An exposing; po- 
sition as to points of the compass, climate, etc. 

Ex-poimd' (Sks-powid'), V. t. To explain; to in- 
terpret. — Ez-ponnd'er, n. 

Ex-prets' (Sks-prfis^), V. t. [EicpRBssBD (-prSstO ; 
ExPSBssiNO.] To press or squeeze out; to ex- 
hibit (opinion or feeling) ; to send by -express 
messenger. — a. Closely resembling ; directly 
stated ; clear ; plain ; explicit ; sent with special 
i^eed or directness. — n. A messenger sent on 
a special errand ; regular conveyance for pack- 
ages, commissions, etc — Ez-pzMB'age (-Sj), n. 
Charge for carryuig a parcel by express. — Ez- 
preasl-U* (-I-bn), a. Capable of being ex- 
pressed. — Ez - prM ' Bion (-prSshlin), n. Act 
of expressing ; pressure ; utterance ; representa- 
tion of meaning, feeling, etc. ; mode of speech ; 
phrase. — Ez-presstve (-Tv), a. Sendng to ex- 
press ; indicauve ; significant. — Ez -press ' ly, 
adv. In an express, direct, or pointed manner ; 
in direct terms ; plainly. 

EZ-pvI'slon (fiks-pdl'shOn), n. Act of expelling ; 
state of being expelled. — Ez-pnl'slve (-siv), a. 
Having power to drive away ; serving to expel. 

Ez-pimge' (Sks-pfinJO, V. t. [EXPVNOBD (-pfinjdO ; 
ExPtJNoiNo (-ponj'Yng).] To blot out ; to wipe 
out ; to destroy ; to efface ; to erase ; to cancel. 

Ez'qill-slto (Sks'kwY-ztt), a. Carefully selected ; 
nice; delicate; refined; perfect.— n. A fop; 
a dandy. — Bz'gnl-site-ly, adv. 

Ez-sert' (eks-sSrt^), Ez-sert^ad (-6d), a. Stand- 
ing out ; projecting. 

Eztamt (Sks'tant), a. Stand- 
ing out above the snrface; 
in being ; now existing. 

Ez - tem ^ po - ra ' ne - 0118 (8ks- 
tSm'pi-ra'ne-Qs), Ez-tem'- 
po-ra-ry (-t5m'p«-rt-ry), a. 
Performed or uttered with- 
out previous study; unpre- 
meditated. — Ez-tna'po-re 
{-Tt)f adv. Without prep- 
aration ; suddenly ; off-hand, 
-i-a. Extemporaneous. — Ez- 
tem'po-rlze (-m), v. t, &i. 

[EZTBKFORiziBD (-rizd) ; Ex- 
TKHPOBizmo.] To speak or 
do off-hand. — Ez-tem'pO- 
Zl^zer (-ri'zSr), n. 
Bz-tend' (Sks-tSndO, v, t. & {. 
to spread; to reach; to diffuse. — Eztended 
lettar. A type having its ,faco broader than 
Qsual in proportion to its height. 

Tliis is extended type. 

Flower with Ex- 
Be rted Stamens. 

To stretch out; 

" BZ-tSB'Si-US (-tSn'8T-b*l), EZ'tSB'sUS {-%n\ 

. a. Gapftble of being extended. — Ez-tSB'Sl- 
Ul'i-ty (-sI-bTlT-tj^), n.— Ez-tsn'sion (-tSn'- 
sh&n), n. Act of extending : enlargement. — 
Ez-tsn'slre (-sIv), a. Expanded ; laxge ; wide. 
— Ez-tsnt' (-tSntO* n> Space ; size ; length. 

Ez-tsn'n-ata (Sks-t6n'6-at), v. t. To draw out ; 
to make tliin, lean, or slender; to lessen, —v. 
i. To become thimier; to be drawn out. — 
Ez-ton'n-a'tor (-S^ter), n. — Ez-ten'n-atioB 
(-a'shfiu), n. An extenuating ; palliation (of a 
crime) ; mitigation (of pimishmeut). 

Ez-te'rl-or (Sks-te'rT-Sr), a. External ; outside ; 
foreign. — n. The outward surface or part of a 
thing ; external deportment, form, or ceremony. 

Ez-tor'ml-liate (fiks-tSr'mT-uat), V, U To drive 
away ; to eradicate ; to eliminate. — Ez-ter'Sll- 
na'tor (-natter), n. — Ez-ter'ml-na'tlOB (-shiin), 
n. Eradication; extirpation; elimination. 

EZ-ter^uU (Sks-tTr'nal), a. Outward ; exterior : 
accidental; irrelevant; foreign.— n. Outward 
part; visible f orm. — Ez-terTnal-ly, adv. On 
the exterioir ; outwardly. 

Ez-tinot' ( '^ks-tTjikf), a. Extinguished ; put out ; 
quenched; terminated; closed. — Ez-unctUni 
(-ttnk'shtiji), n. Destruction ; fiuppression. 

Ez-tin'gllis]l(8ks-tTn'gwTsh), v. i. [Extikouishxd 
(-gwlsht); ExTiNouiSHiNO.] To smother; to 
quench ; to put an end to ; to destroy. — Ez-tin'- 

aniidi-a-lile (-&-b'l), a. — Ez-tin'gnisli-er, n. 

One who, or that which, extinguishes; 
esp., a utensil to put out caudles. 

Ez^r-pate (Sks'tSr-pat or Sks-tSr'pSt), 
V, t. To pull up by the roots ; to 
emdicate ; to destroy : to expel. — Ez'- 
ttr-patton (-pa'shiin), n. An extirpa- 
ting; excision; total destruction. — 
Eztlr-pa'tor(«kB't8r-p5't8ror«ks-tSr'- Exthi- 
pt-tSr), n. f^"""^' 

Ez-tol' (Sks-tSlO, V, t [EXTOLLXO (-tddO ; Ez- 
TOLUNO.] To elevate by praise ; to eulogize ; to 
laud ; to glorify. 

Ez-tort' (6ks-tdrt0» V. t. & i. To gahi by force ; 
to exact. — Ez-tort'«r (-8r), n. — Ez-tor^on 
(-tdr'shiin), n. Illegal exaction; oppression; 
rapacity.— Ez-tox^tton-er, n. — Ez-tox'tion-a- 
ry {-t'Tf)j Ez-tOltlon-ate (-ftt), a. Oppressive ; 

Ez'^a (6ks'tr&), a. Over and above ; xmcommon ; 
superior, •^n. Something more than is due or us- 
ual ; a thing for which additional charge is made. 

Ez-traot' (fiks-trSkf), v. t. To draw out or forth ; 
to withdraw by dLstillation, or other chemical 
process ; to take by selection. — Ez'traot (Sks^- 
trSkt), n. Thing extracted or drawn out from 
another ; a passage from a book or writing ; cita- 
tion ; quotation ; decoction ; solution. — Ez- 
traofor (-trSkfSr), n. — Ez-tracfa-tle (-A-b'i), 
Ez-tract'l-We (-T-b'l), a. — Ez-trac'tloii(-tr«k'. 
shfin), n. An extracting ; stock from which 
one has descended; lineage; birth; descent; 
thing extracted ; extract ; essence. — Ez-traot'- 
ive O-trSktTv), a. Capable of being extracted: 
serving to extract. 

liBiy raoent, 6rb, rudoi iqSl^ €lni, ftfod. f tfbt. oat, oil, csbair, so, sins* i«^ then, tlijbli 




Ez-tra'ne-OlU (Ska-trS'nS-QB), a. Not intrinsic 
or essential ; foreign. — Ez-tra'lLe-0118-l7) adv. 

Bx-traor'di-na-ry: (eks-trdr'- or Slu'tr&-8r'dT-ni- 
rj^), a. Beyond or out of tlie common order or 
metliod ; exceeding the common degree ; re- 
markable ; uncommon ; sent for a special object. 
— Ez-traofdi-na-il-ly (-rl-iy), adv. 

EZ-traY'a-gant (8l£s-trav'&-gant), a. Wandering 
beyond bounds; excessive; unrestrained; pro- 
fuse in exi)ense8; prodigtd. — Ez-traT^a-gant-ly, 
adv. — Ez-trav'a-gance (-gans), Ex-trav'a-gan- 
OJ {-gan-Bf)f n. Wildness; excess; prodigali- 
ty ; waste ; violence. 

Bx-treme' (Sks-trSm'), a. At the utmost point, 
edge, or border; outermost; utmost; final; 
greatest ; highest. — n. Utmost point or verge 
of a thing ; extremity ; great necessity ; — often 

in pi. - - Ez-tremely, adv. — Ez-trem'iat, n. A 
supporter of extreme doctrines or practice ; one 
who holds extreme opinions. — Ez-tTOm'i-ty 
(-trSml-tj^), n. Utmost point ; highest degree ; 
verge; end; termination. 

Bx'txl-cate (Sks'trl-kSt), V, t To free from dif- 
ficulties or perplexities; to disentangle; to dis- 
engage ; to relieve ; to set free. — Eztrl-oa-1>10 
(-k&-b*l), a. ^ Ez'tXl-ca'tiOB (-ki'shiin), n. An 
extricating ; disentanglement. 

Bx-nlt' (ggz-filf), V. i. To leap for joy; to re- 
joice. — Ez-nlt'ant (-ant), a. Inclined to ex- 
ult ; triumphant. — Ez-nltlng-ly (-Ing-lj^)» adv. 

— Bz^nl-tatloii (-fil-tS'shiin), n. An exulting ; 
rapturous delight. 

Bys (i), n. The organ of sight ; power of seeing ; 
vision ; judgment ; opinion; watch ; notice; hole 
in the end of a needle ; catch for a hook ; bud 
or sprout of a plant ; part of a loop or stay. — 
V. t. To fix the eye on ; to observe or watch 
with attention. — Eyelass (i'16s), a. Without 
eyes ; blind. — EyClet (-ISt), n. A small hole or 
perforation for lacing, etc. — EyeHliall' (-bftlOf 
n. The ball or globe of the eye. — Eyolirow' 
(-brouOt n. The brow or hairy arch above the 
eve.— Eyo'^laas' (-gifts'), n. A glass to assist the 
sight ; eyepiece of a telescope, etc. — Eyolaall' 
(-ISshOr n. A hair on the Mige of the eyelid. — 
Eye'Ild' (-ItdQ, n. The cover of the eye. — 
Eyo'pieoc/ (-pes'), n. A lens, or combination of 
lenses, at the eye end of a telescope, etc. — 
Eye^serv'ant (-serv'ant), n. A servant who 
works only when watched. — Eyo'slgllt' (-sitO, 
n. Sight of the eye ; view ; capacity of seeing. 
— Eye'SOro' (-sor^), n. Something offensive to 
the sight. — Eyo'Stcma' (-stonOt n. A small, 
calcareous stone, used for taking substances from 
between the Ud and ball of the eye. — EyotOOtll' 
(-tooth'), n. The pointed tooth in the upper jaw 
next to the grinders. — Eye'wit'IieBS (-wif i^s), 
n. One who sees a thing done. 

Ey'rie (S'rj^ or Wrf), Eyly, n. The nest of • 
bird oi prey ; an aerie. 


Fa (fS). A syllable applied to the fourth tone of 
the gamut tor solmization. 

Fa'ble (fS'bU), n. A fictitious story enforcing 
some truth or precept ; the plot of a poem ; fic- 
tion ; falsehood. — f . t. & t, [Fabled (-bUd) ; 
Fabling (-blTng).] To feign ; to speak fiction ; 
to invent ; to speak falsely. — FaVn-llst (fSb'- 
fi-lYst), n. One who invents fictions. — FaVn- 
lons (-lGs)t ^« Feigned ; not real ; fictitious. 

FaVrlG (fW/rlk), n. Structure of anything; 
workmanship ; construction ; texture ; cloth. — 
FaVrl-oate (-rT-kat), v. t. To frame ; to con- 
struct ; to manufacture ; to forge ; to devise 
falsely. — Fab'rt-oa'tor (-t?r), n. — FatTl-oa'- 
tion (-ka'sh&n), n. A fabricating ; fiction ; man- 
Y. ufacture ; invention ; falsehood. 

llFa-^ade' (fft-sad' or f&-8ad'), n. Front ; face or 
elevation of an edifice. 

Face (fas), n. Exterior form ; front part or sur- 
face ; surface show ; look ; part of the head con- 
taining the eyeb, nose, mouth, etc. ; visage ; 
countenance ; look ; air; shamelessness; effront- 
ery. —v. <. [Faced (fast); Facing (fa'sTng]).] 
To meet in front ; to oppose ; to stand opposite 
to ; to front upon ; to confront ; to smooth the 
surface of. ^ v. t. To turn the face. — Fa'Oing 
(fa'sTng), n. A covering in front ; a lining ; a 

Fao'at (fSs^t), n. A little face ; small surf aoe. 

Fa-oetloiUl (fft-sS'shtls), a. Merry ; jocular. 

Facile (fSsTl), a. Easy to be done or moved ; 
affable ; pliant ; flexible. — Fa-Oll'i-tate (f44Tl^ 
T-tat), V. t. To make easy or less difficult. — 
Fa-cll'i-tation (-ta'shfin), n. A making easy. 

— Fa-cU1-ty ( fiHsTll-t/ ), n. Ease; expert- 
ness ; dexterity ; affability ; means of easily ac- 

Fa'oinig (fa'sing), n. See under Face, n. 
Fao-siin'Me (fak-sYm1-l^), n. An exact likeness. 
Fact (fSkt), n. An act ; event ; truth ; incident. 
FacHon (fSk'shfin), n. A party ; cabal ; clique. 

— Fao'aOB-ist (-ist), n. One who promotes 
faction. — FaGtlollS (-shOs), a. Given to, per< 
taining to, or proceeding from, faction. 

Fac-ti'tions (fSk-tlsh'&s), a. Made by art ; arti- 
ficial ; imnatural. 

Fao'tor (f Sk'tSr), n. An agent ; one of the num- 
bers or quantities which, midtiplied together, 
form a product. — FactO-ry (-td-rj^), n. A place 
where factors transact business for their employ- 
ers ; a building for the manufacture of goods ; 

Fao-to^tnm (f ak-tS'tiim), n. One employed to do 
all kinds of work. 

Fao'ul-ty (fSk'til-tj^), n. Ability to act or per- 
form ; mental power or capacity ; endowment ; 

&, Oi I, u, a, long ; ft, 6, 1, 5, A. f, short ; aenftte. tvent. Idea, 6bey . Onite, cftre, ftrm, ask, ^U, fliMiL 




knaok ; licraae ; members of a prof esnoo ; ofB- 
oers charged with the management of a college. 

Fad (fSd), n. A hobby ; a frrak ; a whim. 

Fade (fad), v, i. To perish gradually ; to wither ; 
to decay ; to grow dim ; to vanish. 

CDig)t V. i. At. [Faoobd (fSgd) ; Faogino 
fi " 

(iSg'gfug).] To tire ; to work at menial drudg- 
ery. —n. A drudge. — Pag'-end' (-5nd'), n. 
The tutwisted end of a rope, etc. ; refuse part 
of anything. 

Faggot (flCg'&t), n. A bundle of sticks for fuel, 
or of iron or steel in bars. — v. t. To bind in a 

Fah'ren-helt (fd'ren-hit), a. Pertaining to a ther- 
mometer graduated to show the boiling point of 
water at 212 degrees, and its freezing point at 
32 degrees, above zero. ^n. The thermometer 
or scale thus graduated. 

Fall (fll)i V. i. [Faxlbd (fald) ; Faiuno.] To 
be wanting or lacking ; to come short ; to de- 
cline ; to decay ; to perish ; to die ; to miss ; to 
be bAffled or frustrated ; to become iMmkrupt or 
insolvent, —v. /. To be wanting to; to be in- 
■officient ; to disappoint. — n. Failure ; lack ; 
want. — Tailing (-Ing), n. Act of one who 
fails ; deficiency ; imperfection ; fault ; foible. 

— ndPniO (-dr), n. Defect ; omission ; decay ; 
bankruptcy; suspension of payment. 

Fain (fan), a. Well-pleased ; glad ; constrained. 

— eulv. With pleasure ; gladly. 

Faint (fSnt), a. Lacking strength, courage, 
spirit, or energy ; weak ; timorous ; cowardly ; 
lacking distinctness ; hardly perceptible ; done 
in a feeble manner. — v. t. To lose strength 
and self-control ; to swoon ; to lose courage or 
spirit ; to decay ; to vanish. — n. Act of faint- 
mg ; swoon. — Faintly, adv, — Falnt'ness, n. 

Fair (fftr), a. Free from spots, imperfection, 
etc. ; pure ; beautiful ; of a light shade ; not 
overcast ; favorable ; open ; frank ; honest ; 
impartial ; distinct ; not unusual ; moderate ; 
middling. — adv. Clearly ; frankly ; agreeably. 

Fair (f ftr), n. A gathering of buyers and sellers ; 
a statea market ; an exhibition of wares. 

Falr^ (ttrf). n. An imaginary spirit, in a hu- 
man form, directing affairs of man. — a. Per- 
taining to, or given bv, fairies. 

Faith (fath), n. Belief; religious belief; creed; 
fidelity ; honor ; promise 
given. — Palthlul ( -fyl ), 
a. Trusty ; honest ; up- 
right ; sincere. — Falth'- 
1ms, a. Not believing or 
crediting ; treacherous ; 
disloyal ; false. 

Fal'OOn (f AHc'n), n. A kind 
of hawk, 'sometimes 
trained to pursue game. — 
FAFcon-er (-Sr), n. One 
who trains hawks, or hunts 
with them. — Fal'oon-ry 
£rrj^), n. The training of 
hawks; the taking game 
by maana of hawks. 

Head and Foot 
of Falcon. 

Fall (f Al)t V' *• limp. Fill (fBl) ; p. p. Fallbi 
(f{^''n) ; Falling. J To drop ; to decUne ; to 
become degraded ; to happen. — v. i. To siiik ; 
to fell.— n. Act of falling; descent; down- 
fall ; ruin ; depreciation ; cadence ; slope ; cas- 
cade ; autumn. — Fall'en (f ftl^'n), a. Dropped ; 
prostrate ; ruined ; dead. 

Fid'la-cy (fS11&-8J^), n. A deceptive apearance ; 
deceit ; mistake ; sophistry. — Fal - la ' Glons 
(-la'shQs), a. Embodying or pertaining to a 
fallacy ; fitted to deceive ; deceptive. 

Fal'11-ble (fSllY-b'l), a. Liable to fail or mistake, 
deceive or be deceived. — Fal'11-bly, adv. — 
Fal'U-hU'l-ty (-bll'I-ty), n. SUte of being 

Fal'lOW (fSlli), a. Pale red or pale yellow ; left 
untiUed or unsowed after plowing ready for 
culture. — n. Land plowed without being 
sowed ; tilling of land, without sowing it for a 
season.— V. t. [Fallowed (-lod); Fallowing.] 
To plow, and break up (land) without seeding. 

Fallow deer^ (fSl'l& der^). A species of deer, 
most common in England, where it is domesti- 
cated in parks. 

False (fftls), a. Not true; uttering falsehood; 
dishonest ; unfaithful ; treacherous ; not genu- 
ine or reskl ; counterfeit ; hypocritical ; errone- 
ous; not in tune.'— adv. Not truly; falsely. 

— False 'ly, adr. — False 'ness, n.— Palse'- 
hood (-hddd), n. Want of truth; imtrue as- 
sertion ; lie ; deceitfulness ; perfidy ; imposture. 

— Pal'sl-ly (fftKsI-fi), V. t. To counterfeit ; to 
forge ; to confute ; to show to be false. — v. i. 
To lie ; to prevaricate.— Pal'sl-H'er (-fi'Sr), n.— 
Fal'Sl-fl-Ga'tlon (-fl-ka'shfin), n. Falsehood ; 
confutation. — Fal'sl-ty (-sT-tj^), n. Quality of 
being false ; deceit ; lie. 

Fal-seVtO (fal-sSf t« ; //. f U-stt'ti), n. A peculiar 
voice in a man, lying above his natural voice ; 
male counter tenor or alto voice ; head voice. 

Fal'ter (fftl'ter), v. t. [Faltkbkd (-tSrd) ; Fal- 
tering.] To fail ; to hesitate ; to totter. 

Fame (famV n. Public report or rumor ; notori- 
ety; celebrity; credit; honor.— v. /, [Famed 
(famd|) ; Faming.] To report ; to make famous. 

Fa-mll'Ur (fi-mTl'ySr), a. Pertaining to a fam- 
ily ; domestic ; intimate ; well versed in (a 
subject of study) ; unceremonious ; free ; well 
knoMoi ; well understood. — n. An intimate ; a 
close companion; a demon or evil spirit sup- 
posed to attend at a call. — Fa-mll'lar-ly, adv. 

— Pa-mll-lar'1-ty (-ySr'Y-ty or -T-Sr'T-tj^), n. 
Unconstrained intercourse ; freedom from cere- 
mony ; affability ; intimacy. — Fa-mll'lar-lze 
(-ySr-lz), V. t. To make familiar ; to accustom ; 
to make easy by practice or study. 

Fam1-ly (fSmt-iy), n. a collective body of per- 
sons who live in one house ; household ; race ; 
kindred; lineage. 

Fam'lne (fSmTn), n. Scarcity of food ; dearth. 

Fam'lsh (fSmTsh), v. t. [Famished (fSmTsht); 
Famishing.] To starve or destroy with hunger, 
or by deprivation of anything necessary. — r. t. 
To die of hunger ; to starve. 

ncent, drb, r^de, f ^^ Am, f dodf fdbt, oat, oil, cliair, go, nns, ink, t**"* , ffctn, 




Fftaums (fSfmiiB), n. Celebrated in fame or 

public report ; uoted ; renowned ; excellent. 
Fan (f Sn)? n. An instrument for producing cur- 
rents of air to cool the face, winnow grain, blow 
a fire, etc. « v. t. [Famhsd (find) ; Fahhiho 
(-nlng).] To blow with a fan ; to winnow. 
Fa-natlO (f&-nSt'Ik), a. Wild; enthusiastic, 
esp. on religious subjects. — n. An enthusiast ; 
a bigot. — ra-nat'l-oLuiL (-I-sTz'm), n. Excess- 
ive enthusiasm ; extraYagant notions of religion ; 
Pauley (fSn'sj^), n. Imagination ; notion ; taste ; 
humor ; whim ; liking, —v. i. [Fangibo (-sYd) ; 
Fancyino (-sT-Yng).] To figure to one*s self ; to 
imagine. — v. t. To imagine ; to have a fancy or 
liki^ for. — a. Adapted to please the fancy 
or taste. — Fan'ol-ex C-sI-8r), n. One governed 
by fancy ; one who has a special liking for, or 
interest in; a dejQer.— Fan'ol-M (-si-fvl)» a. 
Full of, or guided by, fancy ; visionary. 
Fan-dan'ao (fSn-dSn'g&), ». A Spanish dance. 
Fail^ (f&g)) n. A tusk of an animal; a long 
pomted tooth ; a claw ; 
a talon. 
Fan-taa'tlo (fSn-tSs'. 
tTk), Fan-taa^Uc-al 
(-ti-kol), a. Fanciful ; 
visionary; chimerical; 
Far (far), a. [Fabthsb 
(iar'thSr) and Far- 
thest (-tfaSst), used as 
compar. and superl, 
of /or, are corrup- 
tions, by confusion 
with fwiher and /urtheit."] Distant ; remote ; 
mutually separated by a wide space. — adv. To 
or at a great distance ; veiy much. 
Farce (fars), n. Stuffing, like that used in dress- 
ing a fowl ; forcemeat ; low comedy ; absurdity ; 
pretense ; empty show.— Fai/oi-oal (fiir'sY-kal), 
a. Belonging to a farce ; ludicrous ; unreal. 
Fan (fftr), V. i. [Fabsd (fftrd); Fabino.] To 
go ; to pass ; to travel ; to be in any state, good 
or bad ; to be entertained ; to happen well or ill 
(with one). — n. Price of passage ; food. 
Faro'well' (fftr'wSlOt interf. Go well ; good-by ; 
adieu. — n. A good-by ; leave-takii^ ; last look. 
— a. Parting; valedictory; final. 
Fa-rl1ia (f4-ri'n4 or -rS'nA), ». Flour or meal 
made from grain, starch of vegetables, etc. 
\ Farm (fSrm), n. Land used for cultivation ; 
landed estate ; lease, —v. t, [Fabhed (fSrmd) ; 
Farming.] To lease or let for a price ; to culti- 
vate (land). — r. t. To till the soil ; to labor as 
an agriculturist. — Farm'er (-er), n. One who 
farms (land) ; an agriculturist ; a husbandman; 
one who collects rents, taxes, etc., retaining a 
percentage of the receipts. — Fan&'ing (-tng), 
n. Business of cultivating land. 
Far'ri-er (fSr'rl-Sr), n. A sheer of horses ; veter- 
inary surgeon. 
Far'row (fSr'rft), n. A litter of pigs. ««./.& i. 
To bring forth (pigs). 

Poison Sac i 

Fangs of 
/ Fanss ; s Toison Bac ; 
d Its Duett mn/ Muscles. 

Farfrow (ftr'rd), a. Not producing yoong in a 
given season or year ; — 9aid only of cows. 

Furtber (iKr'thSr), a., compar, of Fak. See 
Fab. More remote ; additional ; longer, -^ctdv. 
More remotely ; beyond ; moreover. 

FAr'UieBt (lilr'thfist), a., superl, of Fab. See 
Fab. Most distant or remote ; furthest. -» 
adv. At or to the greatest distance. 

Fartlllnc (flir'thYng), n. The fourth of a penny, 

— equal to half a cent. 

Faa'oi-nata (fSs'sI-nSt), v. t. To bewiteh; to 
charm. — Fas^Oi-nation (-nS'sh&n), n. A fas- 
cinating or enchanting ; a charm ; a spelL 

Faablon (fSsh'&n), n. The make or form of any- 
thing ; pattern ; model ; workmanship ; mode or 
style, esp. of dress ; manner ; sort ; way. — v. t. 
[Fashioned (-find) ; Fashionino.] To form ; to 
give shape or figure to ; to fit ; to adapt ; to ao» 
commodate. — Fasli'ion-er, n.— Fasliliui-a-lila 
(-&-bl), a. Conforming to, or established by, cus- 
tom or use ; current ; observant of the f ashiim ; 
genteel ; well bred. — Fasllloil-a-llly, adv. 

Fast (f &8t), a. Firmly fixed ; closely adhering ; 
steadfast ; faithful ; rapid ; swift ; extravagant ; 
dissipated.— acfv. Firmly; quickly; rapidly. 

Fast (f &st), V. i. To abstain from food ; to go hun- 
gry ; to practice abstinence as a religious duty. 

— n. Abstinence from food ; time of fasting. — 
Fast day. A day on which fasting is observed. 

Fast'en (f&s'^n), v. t. [Fastbnbd (-*nd); Fas- 
TSNIKA (-'n-Yng).] To fix firmly ; to make fast ; 
to secure ; to hold together ; to stick ; to link ; to 
attach ; to annex. — r. i. To fix one's self ; to 
clinch. — Fast'en-ar, n. — Fast'en-ing, n. Anv- 
thing that secures or makes fost, as a lock, 
catch, bolt, bar, etc. 

Fas-tid'i-ons (fSs-tYdl-fis), a. Difficult to pleaeo ; 
delicate to a fault ; squeamish. 

Fat (fi(t), a. Abounding with fat ; plump ; cor- 

Sulent ; oily ; greasy ; rich ; coarse ; gross ; 
ull; yieldmg a rich supply; productive. ^n. 
An oily substance, deposited in animal bodies ; 
richest productions ; best part. ^•v,t.& «'. To 
make fat ; to fatten. — Fatly, adv, — Fatness* 
n. — Fatling (-Itng), n. A fat animaL — Fatty 
(-tj^), a. Containing or like fat ; greasy. — Fas- 
ten (-t'n), V, i. & i. [Fat 

tbnino (-t*n-tng).] 

See under Fate. 

TTENEo (-t'nd); Fat- 
To make or become fat. 

Fa'tal, etc. 

Fata (fat), n. A decree; inevitable neceaaity; 
lot ; doom ; destiny ; death ; destruction ; pi, 
three goddesses, supposed by the anciente to 
determine the course of human life. — Fafsd 
(fafSd), a. Decreed by fate ; doomed ; des- 
tined. — Fatal (fa'tol), a. Proceeding from, or 
appointed by, fate; causing death or destruc- 
tion ; deadly ; mortal ; calamitous. — Fatal-ly« 
adv. — Fatal-ism (-Tz'm), n. The doctrine of 
fate, or inevitable necessity. — Fatal-iat, it. 
One who maintains that all things happen by 
inevitable necessity. — Fa-talt-ty (f&-tSl^-tj^), 
n. Invincible necessity ; tendency to destruc- 
tion or danger ; a fatal event. 

Fatker (fS'tfaer), n. A male parent; a male 

ft, e, I, o, a, long ; A, «, 1, 5, 0, t, short ; MnAte, «veat, tdMs 6bey, ttnite, oAx«, ttrm, AalmiU, flasU 




anoertor ; <me venerated for age, wiadom, etc. ; a 
church dignitary ; the Supreme Being ; first per- 
son in the Trinity, —v. /. [Fathsbu) (-thSrd) ; 
Fathxbing.] To b^;et ; to take as one's own 
child ; to adopt ; to acknowledge one's self 
author of. — FathtF-ly, a. Like or pertidning 
to a father ; tender ; protecting. — Fa'thor-U- 
ness (-ll-nSs), n.— Ft'Uier-liood (-hd6d), n. 
State of being a father ; paternity. — TBftkn— 
tn—law (-Tn-ifO» n. The father of one's husband 
or wife. — Faahor-land^ (-ISndO, n. The na- 
tive land of one's ancestors. — FathOT-lOMi a, 
I>e8titute of a living father. 

Fatll'oill (f Stfa'ihn), n. A measure or length, con- 
taining six feet. — v. t. [Fatbomkd (-tund) ; 
Fathokino.] To sound the depth of ; to get to 
the bottom of. — Fath'oill-less, a. Bottomless. 

Fa-tigUO' (fiUteg'), n. Weariness ; labor ; toil. — 
V. U [Fatioubd (-tegd') ; Fatiouino (-tSgIng).] 
To weary ; to exhaust ; to jade ; to tire. 

Fatllnff, Fat'tail, Fatty, etc. See under Fat, a. 

Fan'oet (fft'a6t), n. A fixture for drawing liquor 
from a cask, pipe, etc. ; a cock ; a tap. 

Fault (fftlt), n. Want; lack; blemish; defect; 
weakness ; failing ; vice. — Fanlfy (-j^), a. De- 
fective ; blameworthy. — Fanltl-ly (-i-lj), adv. 

— Favltt-neM, ». — Faultless, a. Without 
fault; spotless; stainless; perfect. 

Fa^vor (fS^vSr), n. Kind regard ; propitious as- 
pect ; support ; act of good will ; gift ; present ; 
letter.— V. /. [Favobbd (-v8rd) ; Favokino.] 
To regard with kindness ; to befriend ; to f acih- 
tate. — Fa'VOr-a-lllS (-&-b'n, a. Manifestmg 
partiality; kind; friendly; advanti^[eous.— Fa'- 
▼or-ite (-It), n. Person or thing regarded with 
favor; one treated with partiality. — a. Re- 
garded with kindness or preference. 

Fawn (fftn), n. A young fallow deer.— a. Of 
the color of a deer. 

Fawn (fan), v. t [Fawbsd (fftnd) ; Fawniwo.] 
To court favor by cringing ; to flatter meanly. 

Fay (fS), n. A fairy ; an elf. 

Fe'al-ty (fyol-ty), n. Fidelity to one's lord, to a 
superior power, or to government ; loyalty. 

Fear (fSr), n. A painful emotion excited by ex- 
pectation of evil or danger ; alarm ; dread ; ter- 
ror. — v. /. & i. [FsARKD (fSrd) ; Fkarino.] To 
apprehend ; to dread ; to reverence; to venerate. 

— Foartnl (-ful), a. Apprehensive ; timid ; 
horrible ; distressing ; shocking ; frightful ; ter- 
rible. — FeaiOess (-15s), a. free from fear or 
apprehension ; bold ; daring ; intrepid ; brave ; 
dauntless; heroic. 

Faa'al-1>le (fS'zt-b'l), a, Cax>able of bemg done 
or effected ; practicable. 

Feast (fSst), n. A holiday ; anniversary ; rich re- 
past ; banquet, —v. i. To eat sumptuously ; to 
be highly ^ratified or delighted. — f . /. To enter- 
tain ; to delight ; to gratify luxuriously. 

Feat (fSt), n. An act ; deed ; exploit ; act of 
strength, skill, or cunning ; trick. 

Featb'er (fStfa'Sr), n. A plume; one of the 
growths constituting the covering of a bird ; a 
pen. — V. t. [Fbatrhbbd (-8rd) ; Fbatrkrino. ] 

To dress in feathers ; to furnish with a feather ; 
to adorn ; to deck ; to turn (an oar) horizon- 
tally, BO ttiat the blade will not catch the air. 

— V. i. To become feathered or horizontaL 

— Feath'ered (-8rd), a. Clothed, covered, or 
fitted with feathers. — Feath'er-y (4(r-j^), a. 
Pertaining to, like, or covered with, feathers. 

Fea^y (fSfljh, adv. Neatly ; adroitly. 

Fea'tue (fe'ttlr), n. The make, form, or appear- 
ance of a person, esp. of the face ; a lineament ; 
structure of anything ; marked peculiarity. 

Fel/m-a-ry (ffib^ry-ft-^), n. The second month '. 
ilk the year. 

Fed (fSd), imp. & p. p. of Fsbd. 

Fed'er-al (ffid'Sr-ai'), a. Pertaining to a contract 
or treaty ; esp., composed of states which retain 
only a limited sovereignty. — Fed'er-al, Fed'- 
er-al-ist, n. An advocate of confederation. — 
Fed'er-ate (f8d'Sr-l(t), a. Onited by com- 
pact; leagued ; confederate. — Fed'er-a'tion 
(4S'8h&n), n. A uniting in a league ; confeder- 
ation; confederacy. — Fed'er-a-tive (f6d'Sr-4- 
tTv), a. Uniting; joining in a league. 

Fee (f S), n. Reward ; recompense ; perquisite ; 
pay for professional services ; estate of inher- 
itance; fief.— v./. [Fkko (fSd) ; Fksxno.] To 
reward ; to hire ; to bribe. — Fee simple. Ab- 
solute fee ; unconditional tenure. 

Feellle (fe'b'l), a. Deficient in strength, viffor, 
or eflBciency ; infirm ; languid ; imbecile ; f unt. 

Food (fSd), V. U [Fed (f6d) ; Feeding.] To give 
food to ; to supply ; to f umisli for consumption ; 
to supply with materials. — v. i. To take food \ 
to eat; to prey; to graze.— n. Food; parts 
of a machine that move work to the cutting- 
tool, or the tool to the work. — Feed'er, n. 

Feel (fel), V. t. & i. [Fblt (fSlt) ; Fbblino.I To 
perceive by the touch ; to experience ; to be af- 
fected. -i-n. Feeling ; sensation communicated 
by touching. — Feel'er, n. — Feeling, a. Pos- 
sessing, or expressive of, sensibility ; sensitive. 

— n. The sense ; sense of touch ; emotion ; 
passion ; agitation ; opinion. — Feellng-ly, <tdv. 

Feet (fet), n., pi. of Foot. 

Feign (fan), V. t. [Feigned (fSnd) ; Feigning.] 
To imagme ; to pretend ; to cotmterf eit. — 
Feint (fant), n. Pretense ; false show ; strata- 
gem. —t'.t. To make a mock attack. 

Feld'spar' (fgld'spar'), Feld'spath' (-spSth'), n. 
A crystalline mineral, breaking in two directions. 

Fe-lic'i-ty (f«-lTs/I-tj^), n. Happiness; bliss; 
prosperity. — Fe-llo'i-tate (-tatj, v. t. To make 
happy ; to congratulate. — Fe-li(Ki-ta'tlon (-ta'- 
shtin), n. Congratulation. — Fo-liCi-tOHS (-ITsT- 
tQs),^. Happy; skillful.— Fe-lio'i-tOllS-ly, adv. 

Feline (felln), a. Pertaining to cats. 

Fell (fgl), imp. of Fall. 

Fell (fSl), a. Cruel ; inhuman ; savage ; bloody. 

Fell (fSl), n. Skin or hide of a beast. 

Fell (fSl), V. t. [Felled (fSld^; Felling.] To 
prostrate ; to cut down. — Feil'er, n. 

Fell (fSl), V. I. To sew or hem (seams). — n. A 
seam joining two pieces of cloth edge to edge ; 
the end of a wf*b formt^d by its last thread. 

Him, recent, drb, ryde. f yll. dm, food, f cTot, oat, oU, cluir, bo, sins, ink, ttien, tbln. 




iFtllalL (f6ia&), n. Egyptian or Syrian peaaant. 

Felloe (ffil'lft), n. See Fbllt. 

Fellow (ffillft), n. A companion; associate; 
equal; person; individual; ignoble or mean 
man ; member of a college corporation or learned 
society. — FellOW-oreatnre (-krS'tftr), n. One 
of tlie same race or kind. — FellGW-feel'ing 
(-fel^ng), n. Sympathy; a like feeling. — F^^ 
lOW-sllip* n. State of being a fellow or associ- 
ate ; familiar intercourse ; companionship ; foun- 
dation for maintenance of a resident scholar. 

Fel'ly (fSlI^), n. The exterior rim of a wheel. 

Fel'on (fSl'uu), n. One guilty of felony or capa- 
ble of heinous crime ; a criminal ; a malefactor ; 
a whitlow ; a painful inflammation of the finger 
or toe. — a. Maligpiant ; fierce ; disloyal. — Fel'- 
O-ny (-d-nj^), n. A heinous or capital crime. — 
Fe-lO'nl-ons (fe-Io'uT-iis), a. Malicious; tU- 
lainous ; perfidious. — Fo-lo'llli-OllS-ly, adv, 

Fel'spar, n. See Fsldspab. 

Felt (fSlt), p. p. & a. from Fbkl. 

Felt (fSlt), n. Cloth or stuff of wool, or wool 
and fur, unwoven. — v. t. To make into, or 
cover with, felt. — Felt ' l2lg, n. Material of 
which felt is made ; felt cloth. 

Fefmale (fS'mSl), n. One of the sex that bears 
young. — a. Feminine; not male. — Fem'i- 
nlne (f6mT-nTn), a. Pertaining to a woman ; 
womanly ; modest ; effeminate. 

Fem'o-ral (fSm'ft-rai), a. Belonging to the thigh. 

Fen (fSn), n. Boggy land ; moor ; marsh. 

Fenoe (fSns), n. That which fends off danger ; 
defense ; wall or other inclosing structure about 
a field, garden, etc. ; self-defense by the sword ; 
fencing. — v. t. [Fenced (fSnst) ; Iiencino (fSn'- 
sTng).! To fend off danger from ; to guard ; 
to inclose with a fence or other protection. — 
V. i. To make a fence ; to protect ; to defend 
one*s self by the sword. — Fen'oer (fSn'sSr), 
n. — Fen'oi-hle (-sT-b'l), a. Capable of behig 
defended, or of affording defense. — n. A sol- 
dier enlisted for defense of the country. — Fon'<- 
Olng (fSn'sTng^, n. Art of self-defense with the 
sword ; materials of fences for farms. 

Fend (ffind), v. t. To keep off ; to shut out. ^v. i. 
To resist ; to parry. — Fend'er (-Sr), n. One 
who, or that which, fends or wards on ; a frame 
to hhider coals from rolling to the fioor ; a cush- 
ion hung over the side of a vessel to prevent it 
from striking a wharf, etc. 

Fe'ni-an (fe'nT-an), n. One of an Irish secret 
organization seeking freedom from English rule. 

Fen'nel (fSn'ngl), n. A plant, cultivated for its 
aromatic seeds. 

Fen'ny (f8u/nj^), a. Pertaining to, or inhabiting, 
a fen ; swampy ; boggy. 

Fer'ment (fSr'ment), n. That which causes agita- 
tion ; fermentation ; heat ; tumult. — Fer-ment' 
i(fSr.m£nt'), v, t. To cause fermentation in. — 
^.i. To effervesce ; to be active or excited. 

— FoMnent'a-hle ( f3r-m6nf&-bn ). a. — Fer- 

nent'a-tlYe, a. Causing fermentation. — Fer^- 
Sien-ta'tlon ( fSr'mSn-ta'shfin ), n. Chemical 
change of organic substances by which their 

starch, sugar, gluten, etc., are decompoaed, and 
recombined in new compounds. 

Fern (f%m), n. A cryptogamous plant, having 
its fructification on the back of the leaves. 

Fe-ro'Oions (f^-ro'shfis), a. Indicating cruelty; 
ravenous; wild; savage; barbarous. — Fe-XO'- 
cions-ness, Fe-rool-ty (-rSs^-tj^), n. 

Ferte-ons (fSr'r^-Os), a. Like, made of, or per- 
taining to, iron. 

Fex'ret (fgr'ret), n. An animal of the Weasel 
kind, used to _==. 

hunt rats, rab- 
bits, etc.— V. /. 
To hunt out of 
a hiding place; 
to search out 
patiently and 

n. Narrow 
tape, usually 

made of wool- Ferret, 


Fer'Yet (fSr'rBt), n. A glassmaker*s iron, used to 
try melted matter and make rings at the mouths 
of bottles. 

Fer-rn'gl-nou (fSr-rnfjI-nOs), a. Fiurtakingof 
iron ; like iron rust in appearance or color. 

Fer'rnle (fSr'rTl or -ryl), n. A ring round a canet 
tool, etc., to prevent splitting. 

Ferly. (f fir'rj^), n. A place, alro a boat, for trans- 
porting passengers or freight over a river, etc 
—V. t. & i, [FsBRiBD (-rid) ; FBRSTniG.l To 
pass over water in a boat. — Fei'ry-lKMlf (-oSf), 
n. A boat for conveying passengers, etc., over 
narrow waters. — Fer'xy-man (-man), n. One 
who maintains or attends a ferry. 

Fer'tUe (fSr^tn or -ttl), a. Producing fruit in 
abundance ; prolific ; productive ; rich. — Fer'- 
tlle-ly, adv, — FertUe-nesi, Fer-tll'i-ty (-tTin> 
t^), n. — Fer^-lize (fSrai-Uz), v, t. To vaakm 
fertile, fruitful, or productive; to enrich. — 
Fei/tl-11'zer, n. -Fei/ti-11-zatlon (-tl-W-zE'- 
shtln), n. A rendering fertile ; process by which 
the pollen of plants renders the ovule fertile. 

Fer'nM (fSrTl or fSr'^il), n. A fiat piece of wood, 
for striking children in punishment. 

Fer'vor (fSr'vSr), n. Heat ; excessive warmth; in- 
tense feeling ; ardor; zeal. — Fer^rent (-vent), 
a. Hot; ardent; boiling; earnest; excited; 
animated. — FeifTld (-vid), a. Very hot ; burn- 
ing ; boiling ; vehement ; zealous. 

Fes%l (fSs'tal), a. Pertaining to a holiday or 
feast ; gay ; nodrthful. 

Fester (fSs'tSr), v. i. [Fkstkbbd (-tSrd) ; Fn- 
TBRiNO.] To grow virulent ; to corrupt ; to 
rankle; to suppurate.— n. A sore which dl»- 
charges corrupt matter ; a pustule. 

Fes/tive (fSs'tTv), a. Pertaining to a feast ; fes- 
tal. — Fes^-val (-tT-val), a. Pertaining to a 
a feast ; festive ; joyous. — n. A time of f^uiU 
ing or celebration ; banquet ; carousal. — , 
tlya-ty (-tTvT-t^), n. Condition of being fc 
tive ; festival ; celebration. 

ft, e, 1, 5, fi, long ( &, «, 1, 5, a, y, abort j senAte, «vent. Idea, 6bey , Onite, cAre, ttrm, ask, |^ liiMl, 





Ffls-tooof (f8a-to5ii0, n. A garland or wreath 
hanging in a curve. — v. L 
To form in, or adorn with, 

Fotoll (fSch), V. t, [nSTCHBD 
(fScht) ; Fbtghino.] To go 
and bring; to bring; to 
get ; to Bell for ; to arrive 
at ; to attain. — n. A strat- 
^tfem; trick; artifice. 

flFm (fStV. n. A fe<»tival, holiday, or festivity. 
—V. t. To feast ; to entertain. 

Feticll, Fe'tish (fe'tlsb), n. A material object 
worshiped among certain African tribes. 

Fet'id (f6t^d or fe'tid), a. Having a bad smelL 

Fatlock (fStnSk), n. A projection on the back 
of a horse's leg, above the hoof ; pastern joint. 

Fot'tar (fSt'ter), n. A chain for the feet; re- 
straint.— v. /. [Fetterbd (-tSrd); Fsttebt 
iNG.] To put fetters on ; to restrain. 

Fend (fud^, n. Affray ; broil ; dispute ; strife. 

Fond (f ud), n. An estate held of a superior ; a 
stipendiary estate ; flef ; fee. — Fen'dal (f u'- 
dal), a. Pertaining to feuds, flefs, or fees; held 
of a lord. — Fen'dal-ism (-dal-Tz'm), n. The 
feudal system. — Fen'da-ry (f u'd&-rj^), a. Held 
by, or pertaining to, feudal tenure. — n. A 
tenant who holds lands by feudal tenure. — 
Fau'da-tOKry (-t^-rf ), n. A tenant of a flef ; 
a vassal. — a. Held on conditional tenure. 

YttYtat (fe'ver), n. A disease marked by in- 
creased heat, quickened pulse, and derangement 
of the functions ; great excitement. — Fd'ver- 
Isb, a> Affected by, indicating, or resembling, 
fever. — Fe^ver-ish-aess, n. 

Fbw (fu), a. Not many ; small, limited, or con- 
fined in number. — Few^ness, n. 

Foz (fSz), n. A red cap, worn by Turks, etc. 

ilFi'an^od' (f^/aN/gt'), n. A betrothed man.— 
ilFi'an'OM', n. A betrothed woman. 

llFi-as'OO (l^-asHci), n. A failure. 

Fi'at (fi'ilt), n. A command ; decree. 

Fi1> (fib), n. A falsehood ; a lie about a trifle. >— 
V, i. t^BBED (fTbd) ; Fibbino.] To lie. 

niMr (fi'bSr), Filire, n. A fine, slender thread ; 
a rootlet of a plant. 

Filirlna (fibrin), n. A compound found in ani- 
mals and vegetables, and contained in the clot 
of coagulated blood. 

FilnroilB (fi'brtLs), a. Contain- 
ing, or consisting of, fibers. 

liFlVn-la (fTb^d-U), n. Ach»p 
or buckle; the outer and 
smaller bone of the leg. 

FiGOcla (Hk'kU), a. Liable to 
vicissitude; changeable; irres- 
olute ; vacillating ; capricious. 

FlO'tiOB (fTk'sh&n), n. A feigning or imagining ; 
a fabrication ; falsehood. — FlO-tl^ons (-tTsh'- 
fis), a. Imaginary ; false ; not genuine. 

Fld'dGLo (fTd'd'l), n. A stringed instrument of 
music ; a violin ; a kit. — v. L [Fiddlkd (-d'ld) ; 
FiDDLXKo.] To play on a fiddle or violin ; 
to tweedle ; to trine, ^^interj. Nonsense ! bosh ! 

— Fld'dler, n. One who plays on a fiddle ; % 
smnll burrowing crab, having (ma large claw, 
which he holds like a fiddle. 

Fibrous Root. 

Fiddler Crab. 

Fl-del'i-ty (n-dSlt-tj^), ». Faithfulness ; adher- 
euce to riglit ; integrity ; loyalty ; fealty. 

Fldg'et (ftj'St), V. ft. [FmoxTKo; Fidobtino.] 
To move uneuuily one way and the other. >— 
n. Irregular motion ; restlessness. — Fldg'et-y 
(-f)i <>• Restless ; uneasy. 

Fie (n), inierj. Denoting contempt or dislike. 

Fiel (fef ), n. An estate held on condition of mil- 
itary service ; fee ; feud. 

Field (feld), n, A piece of inclosed land ; a wide 
extent ; an expanse ; a battle ground or battle. 
— Field day. A day when troops are drawn out 
for instruction in field exercises ; a day of excite- 
ment ; a gala day. — Field nftWlml- A com- 
mander of an army ; the highest military rank 
in European armies. — Field otfioer. A mil- 
itary officer above the rank of captain, and be- 
low that of general. — Field spoort Diveraian 
in the field, as shooting and hunting. 

Fiend (fend), n. An implacable foe ; the devil ; 
an infernal being. — Fiend' ish, a, like a 
fiend ; malignant ; hellish. 

Fierce (fers), a. Furious ; violent ; ardent ; ve- 
hement in anger or cruelty ; savage ; f elL 

Fi'er-7 (fi'Sr-^ or fi'rj^), a. Consisting of, or re- 
semblhig, fire ; ardent ; irritable ; fierce. 

Fife (fif ), n. A small pipe, used as a wind in- 
strument. — V. i. To play on a fife. — FU'er, n. 

FU^een' (fTftenOt a. Five and ten ; one more 
than fourteen, ^n. The sum of five and ten ; 
fourteen units and one more; qrmbol repre- 
senting this number, as 15, or xv. — FUteentll' 
(-tenth^), a. Next after the fourteenth ; being 
one of fifteen equal parts into which a whole is 
divided. —n. One of fifteen equal parts of a 
unit or whole. 

Filth (fTf th), a. Next in order after the fourth ; 
being one of five equal parts into which a whole 
is divided. — n. The quotient of a unit divided 
by five ; one of five equal parts ; a musical inter- 
val of three tones and a semitone. — Fifth'ly, 
adv. In the fifth place. 

FiMy (fTf'tj^), a. Five times ten.— n. Five 
tens ; sum of forty-nine units and one more ; 
symbol representing fifty units, as 50, or L. — 
FUti-etll (-tT-«th), a. Next hi order after the 
forty-ninth ; being one of fifty equal parts into 
which a whole is divided. ^ n. One of fifty 
equal parts ; quotient of a unit divided by fifty. 

fSmfl recent, drb, r||de, f yll, ftn, f tfbd, ftfbt, out, oil, cbair, go, sine iQk, tben, Uiin* 




flff (pe)i ^ A tree of wann cUmatea, alao its 
fruit ; a worthleaa thing. 

right (fit), V, i. [Fought (fut) ; Fightzho.] To 
strive or contend for victory ; to act in opposi- 
tion ; to make reaistauce. — v. L To war ag^unst. 
— n. A battle ; engagement ; combat ; strug- 
gle ; encounter ; action ; conflict. — Figllt'tr} n. 

Flgtnont (flg'ment)} n. An invention ; a fiction. 

ng'lixe (f ig'Ar]), n. Form of anything ; shape ; 
fashion ; outlme ; image ; drawing ; pattern ; 
character representing a number ; a numeral or 
digit, as, 1, 2, 3, etc. ; price ; type. — v. t. To 
make an image of ; to symbolize ; to calculate ; 
to embellish. >— v. i. To make a figure ; to be 
distinguished. — Plg'lir-a-tlTe (flg'tfr-A-tlv), a. 
Representing by a figure, qv by resemblance; 
not literal ; flowery. — Hg'lir-a-tlve-ly, adv, 

ni'a-ment (fTl'&-ment), n. A thread ; a flber. — 
Fil^a-mentons (-men'tiis), a. Resembling a 
thread : consisting of filaments. 

Fll'bert (fTKbSrt), n. The nut of the hazel. 

Flloh (ftlch), V. t. [Filched (fllcht) ; Filghiho.] 
To steal ; to pilfer. — Flloll'or, n. 

Pile (fO), n. An orderly succession ; line ; row 
of soldiers ranged behind one another, or of 
papers arranged for reference ; wire or other 
contrivance by which papers are kei>t in order ; 
Hst; rolL— V. t. To set in order; to place on 
file ; to put among the records of a court, etc. — • 
V. i. To march in line. 

nio (fn), n. A steel instrument, having sharp- 
edged furrows, for abrading or smoothing metal, 


Filea of different shapes, a Flat, or Equaling File ; 6 
Square File ; c Knife-edge File ; d Half-round File ? 
« Round or Rat-tail File : f Three-square File ; a 
Entering File ; A Cross File ; I Slitting File. 

wood, etc. ; an artful person.— v. t. To rub, 
smooth, sharpen, or polish; with a file. 

Fll'ial (fTl'yal), a. Pertaining to, or becoming, a 
child ; bearing the relation of a child. 

Flll-gree (fTlT-gre), n. Ornamental work of 
gold or silver wires. ^ a. Composed of such 
work ; fanciful ; unsubstantial. 

Plia-pl'no (flM-pS'n*), n. ; pi. Filifwob (-noz). 
A native of the Philippine Islands, esp. one of 
Spanish descent. — Piri-pl'na, n. /. 

Pill (fTl), V. t. & i. [FiLLBD (flld) ; Filhwo.] 
To make or become full. — n. A full supply j 
fullness. — PlU'er, n. — Pill'lng, n. A making 
full ; that which fills ; woof in woven fabrics. 

Pill (ffl), n. A thill or shaft of a carriage. 
Pll'ltt (fliaet), n. A little band or twist ; eap., 

a band encircling the hair ,* a flat molding in 

architecture, etc. ; a piece of lean meat for 

PU'U-beff (fTiai-bSg), n. A Highlander's kilt; 

Pill'lng, n. See under Fill, v. t. 
PUOlp (fll'llp), V, t. [Filliped (-ITpt); Fillip- 
ing.] To strike with the nail of the flnger, 

snapped from the ball of the thumb. — n. A 

snap from the finger ; a smart tap. 
Pll'ly (fTl'lj^), n. A young mare ; a female colt ; \ 

a lively, wanton girL 
Pilm (film), n. A thin skin ; a pellicle ; a slender 

thread, as in a cobweb. 
Pll'ter (flKtSr), n. Strainer for purifying liquids. 

— V, t. To purify (liquor) by straining. >» v. t. 

To percolate. . 
Plltll (fTlth), n. Foul matter ; dirt ; nastinesa. 

PUth ' y (ttl ' thy), a. Foul ; dirty ; unclean ; 

gross ; licentious ; vulgar. 

Pll'tratd (fli'trat), V. t. To filter. —PU-tratioa 

(fTl-tra'shiin), n. A filtering. 

Pin (fTn), n. A membranous organ with which 
a fish swims. — 
Pln'Hy (-ny), a. 
Having fins; 
fins or to fish. — 
Pln'less, a. 
Destitute of fins 

Pl'nal (fi'nal), a. 
Ending; last; 
ultimate ; termi- 
nating; conclu- 
sive. — Pl'&al-ly, adv. At the end ; lastly ; 
completely. — Pl-nal1-ty (ft-nWI-ty), n. Final 
state or arrangement ; settlement. — llPl-mnd 
(f^-n&'Ift), n. The last note, or end, of a piece 
of music; close; termination. 

Pl-nanoe' (ft-nitns'), n. Income of a ruler or of a 
state ; revenue ; science of raising and exx)end> 
ing public money ; pi. funds. — Pi-nan'clal 
(-nSn'shal), a. Pertaining to finance. — Pl- 
nan'olal-ly, adv. — Pln/an-olei/ (fln'Sn-ser^, 
n. One skiUed in financial operations ; an offi- 
cer who administers public revenues; a treas- 
urer. —V. i. To conduct financial operations. 

Plncll (fTnch), n. A small singing bird. 

Find (find), V. t. [Found (found) ; Finding.] To 
meet with ; to discover ; to perceive ; to feel , 
to supply; to furnish; to establish. — Plnd'or, 
n. — Iind'lng, n. That which is found ; dis- 
covery ; conclusion found by a jury ; verdict ; 
pi. tools or materials which a workman supplies 
for himself. 

Pine (fin), a. Finished ; brought to perfection ; 
excellent; superior; beautiful; showy; not 
coarse, gross, or heavy, —v. t. To make fine ; 
to refine ; to purify. — Finely, adv. — Pine'- 
ness, n.— Pln'er-y(-er-y), fi. Ornament ; dec- 
oration ; a furnace for making iron malleable. 

Fine (fin), n. Money paid as settlement of a 


1 Ventral t 2 Anal : 3 
Caudal ; 4 Pectoral: 6 First 
Dorsal ; 6 Second Dorsal. 

ft, 8,1,5, a, long I ft,«,I,5,a,ttBbortteeiUUe,«v«nt,tdea.6be7.ttnite,cftTe,i&rm,&ak,||U.fliMAr 




claim, or as punighment for an offenae. *-"V. t. 
To impose a penalty upon ; to mulct. 

Fl-nessa' (fl-nes'), ». Subtilty ; contrlTance ; ar- 
tifice ; stratagem, -i-v. i. To use artifice. 

Rnl-cal (flnT-kal), a. Affectedly fine ; foppish. 

FlB'ger (fIn'gSr), n. Que ot the five extremities 
of the hand ; a digit. ^ v. L [Fihokrsd (-gSrd) ; 
FmGSRiNa.] Totouchwithtiie fingers; to han- 
dle: to pilfer; to purloin. 

Iinrnls (H'nYs), n. An end ; conclusion. 

Rn'lall (fTnTsh), v. t. [Finibhkd (-Tsht) ; Finish- 
ma.] To bring to an end ; to terminate ; to 
conclude; to complete; toperfect. — n. That 
which finishes or perfects ; tlie last coat of plas- 
ter on a walL — Ilnlsll-tr, n. 

Fl'nlte (fFnit), a. Ldmited in quantity, degree, 
or capacity ; bounded. — Fi'xilto-ly, adv. 

RnleflUU Fm'ay. See under For, n. 

FLUL (fin), n. A native of Finland; one of a 
Mongolism race inhabiting Northern Europe. — 
FblXl'lall (flnTsh), a. Pertaining to Finland, its 
people, or their language. — n. Language of the 
flnns. — Flnland-er C-lSnd-Sr), n. A Finn. 

Fiord (fy6rd). Fjord, n. A narrow inlet of the 
sea, between high rocks ; a frith. 

Fir (^r), n. A tree of the Pine family, valuable 
for timber and resin. 

Firo (fnr), n. Heat and light caused bv burning ; 
conflagration ; ardor ; brilliancy ; discharge of 
firearms. —v. t. To set on fire ; to kindle ; to in- 
flame ; to animate ; to give life or spirit to ; to 
explode ; to discharge ; to cauterize. — v. i. To 
take fire ; to kindle ; to be irritated or inflamed ; 
to discharge firearms. — FirolOSS, cu Desti- 
tute of fire. — Flro'arm' (-Srm'), n. A weapon 
fram which shots are discharged by an explo- 
sive. — Firo'linuid' (-brSnd^), n. A piece of 
boming wood ; one who causes contention ; an 
incendiary. — Firo'fly' (-AiOt *>• ^ luminous 
winged beetle. — FilO'inail (-man), n. One em- 
ployed to extinguish confiagrations or to tend 
the fires of an engine, ete. — Firo'plaoe^ (-plSs^)* 
n. A part of a chimney where the fire burns ; 
hearth. — Firo'Vroof' (-proof), a. Incombusti- 
ble. — Firo'sido', n. A place beside the hearth ; 
home. — Firo'wood' (-wdfid'), n. Wood for fuel. 
— FllO'WOrk' (-wflrk'), n. A preparation of 
combustible materials to make a striking display 
of light ; pi. a pyrotechnic exhibition. — nre 
tolOk. A brick capable of sustaining intense 
heat without fusion, usually made of fire clay. — 
FIXO olay. A clay, chiefly silicate of alumina, 
capable of sustaining intense heat. — Fire OOm- 
paay. A company of men for managing an 
engine to extinguish fires. — Fire oraoker. A 
snuill paper cylinder, charged with gunpow- 
der, which, being lighted, explodes with a loud 
report. — Firs daiop. Explosive carbureted 
hydrogen of coal mines. — Fire eater. One 
who pretends to eat fire ; a quarrelsome fellow ; 
a hotspur. — Fire engine. An hydraulic pump 
for throwing water to extinguish fires. — Fire 
OMUqie. A contrivance by which to escape from 
a borning building. 

Firldn (fSr'kIn), n. A measure hokUng 8 or 9 

Firm (fSrm), a. Fixed ; solid ; compact ; dense ; 
stable; robust; sturdy; steady; resolute. —n. 
The name, title, or style, under which a com- 
nmy transact business ; partnership ; house. — 
Firmly, adv. — Firm^JMU, n. 

Fir'ma-ment (fSr'mi-ment), n. The region of the 
air ; the sky ; the heavens. 

Fir'man (fSr'man or fer-m'inO, n* A decree of 
an Oriental government. 

First (fSrst), a. Preceding all others ; earliest ; 
foremost ; original ; highest ; chief ; priucipaL 
— adv. Before anything else in time, space, 
rank, etc — n. The upper part of a duet, trio, 
eto., in music. — Firstly, adv. In the first 
place; to begin. — Flrst'linff (-ling), n. The 
first offspring (of animals^. — nrst'bora' 
(-bdm'), a. Fixvt brought forth ; eldest. — 
First'-rate' i-nit/). a. Of the highest excel- 
lence ; preemhient in quality, size, or worth. — 
n. A war ship of the most powerful class. 

Firtll (fSrth), n. An arm of the sea ; a frith. 

FlSO (fisk), FiS'oal (flsHcal), a. Pertaining to 
the public treasury or revenue. -i-n. A treas- 
urer ; a king's solicitor ; an attorney generaL 

Fisll (nsh^, n. An animal breathing by means of 
gills, ana living in the water ; fiesh of fish, used 
as food. —v. i. [FisHxo (fisht) ; Fuhiko.] To 
attempt to cateh fisli ; to seek by ari;ifice. — v. t. 
To cateh ; to draw out or up. — rish'er, Fisli'er- 
man, n. A man, also a vessel, employed in 
cateMng fish. — Fisll'y (-f), a. FlBhlike ; tast- 
ing or smelling like fish ; mcredible. — nsll'i- 
ness, n. — Fisll'er-y i-^r-f), n. The business, 
practice, or place, of catehing fish. — Fisll'- 
nawk' ('hft^Ot *^ ^® osprey, fishing eagle, 
or bald buzzard, which plunges into water ana 
catehes fish with its talons. — Fish'hOOk' 
(-hd6k0i n. A hook for catehing fish. 

Fls/snre (flsh'^r), n. A cleft; a longitudinal 

Fist (fist), n. The hand with the fingers doubled 
into the palm. — Fistl-onff (-I-kttf ), n. A blow; 
pi. a combat with fists. 

Ilnstu-la (fis't A-l&^, n. A reed ; a pipe ; a deep, 
narrow, chronic abscess. 

Fit (fit), a. [FmxB ; FnrBST.] Adapted to an 
end ; suiteble ; proper ; meet ; apt ; qualified ; 
adequate.— v. /. [Fittkd; FrmNo.] To make 
fit or suitable ; to adapt ; to qualify ; to bring into 
a required form ; to answer the requirements of. 
— v. i. To be proper or becoming ; to suit. — n . 
Adjustment ; adaptedness of parts that come in 
contact. — Fitter, n. — Fit'ly, adv, Suitably; 
properly. — Hfness, n. — Fitting, a. Appro- 
priate; suiteble; proper. —n. Anything used 
in fitting up or furnishing; pi, necessary fix- 
tures or apparatus. 

Fit (fit), n. A sudden and violent attack of a dis- 
order ; convulsion ; paroxysm ; passing humor ; 
impulsive action. — Pit'fnl (fif ful), a. Full of 
fito ; spasmodic ; impulsive and linsteble. 

Five (Hv), n. The number next greater than four ; 

fBnif raoeut, ttb, rude, f^ ^m, fdbd, tdbit, out, oil, obair, bo, sins, iQk, tben, tliin. 


tfne more Ihan tour. — TfnrbM' (n.'IBld'), a. 

Hi (fTka), V. I. '[ZniD (ftk«t); FniHo.] To 
moke Arm or fast i Co utabliah ; to Itupluit ; to 
pierce; to ihijuatj to •el lo nghta; to put in 

Diffictdt po^tlao! pn^cunent; dlleitiau.— 
HX-tfttBU i-Vtblln^n. A filing ; 8l«i>dinH> ; 
KnutuicT.~nz«d (tikrt), oTStttled ; eiub- 
ligh«d: im— PlI'id-ly(-H-lJ), ndr. — PU'- 
■d-iina,n.— FlXtM, n. TliU which 1> Bied ; 
a Bilure. — FHI-tyTl-tJ), n. riiedoMS ; ro- 
bereDce of puts. — TlX'tlin (-tir), n. That 

Pin Itli), Fll'zH (z'l), !>. 1. To maka » hUdoB 

Mund; 10 fail of (MceMJ to i)UOglo.-n. A 

tillurej abortive effort. 
?Ub^ (HSh'bJ), a. Yieldhig to the touch, uid 

eaeily Bhakeii; wtmtiDg flnuDeeii flaccid. — 

Pl»Wll-Il»M (-bT-nfa), n. 
FUd'bU (flSc'Hld), a. Yielding to prewire ; aoft 

md weak ; Umber ; lax ; flabb]'' — TlBO^'l-ty 

(flik-sldn-tjf), n. 
FUt (Big), V. i. [Fueaui (fllgd) ; Thunaia.'] 

To hA^ looae ; to droop | to laogaiah ; to phie. 
Flag (flig), n. A flst (tone for paviDB-— ip.(. 

TolHVnlChflatetoiiea. — TIu'eLu, n. Pave- 

. i.ij -1.1. a — .™g, . flagBtonee coUective- 

maodarof afleet. — Fll^ItlU'.n. &,gUi 

FlJif 'SD-lst' tHfi|t-1St' or aijt-),fi. A flutt 

Flag'gliis, B. Sp^ under Ftio, aflat "tone. 
FU-lltlaiu (Ri-iTi^'Q^), a. DiigTHcefully c 

Flait^ (flSs'Sn)' n. A tuuI with a nu 

Fli'gnmt (flS'sTmit), a. Flaming; burn 

PUg'itoa*',' n. See under, flat stone. 
run (Hal), n. An Inetrumenl tor threehln 




toaie. — tJ. 

To breiO. or (o 

mtoto flakes. 


f flaku or 1« 

pW-bun IMm 

b*),n. ASa 

FliHU (ban,!, n 

A mrean, 

: bummg T 

blaie; ardor ^tl 

™To bm 

ristog"'or da^flxeilobr 


leMed^i.^ briGlil ^ 



red color, ha 
beak bent do* 

TL U ' 




Flam* <flb<j), 





Pluik Iflitok), n 

^'^^ .J 



To border; to be 

.WMr, etc.)" — t!^^ & i. [Fuptui (flipl)- 
Flaffiso.] To moiB (winge, etc.) ; to ttrike ; 
to hang looiely. — Ftap'pM, B.— Fl«p'|«el' 
(-jik'). n. A broad pancAe. 

Flare (fISr), e- *■ To bum with a gUtw, nn- 
aCeady light ; to flaunt ; to open or apraad out- 
ward. -* n. An unateady. offenalve hght. 

Flaib (fiSsh), V, <. [Fluhed (fllaht); Pi.umKa.] 

u flood of flame or light ; 1 

burst of liehti motnentary bI 
brief period; ulaug language of 

etc — o. law 

and vulgar; Bleu 


=. 'Dazrihig 

showy ; gaudj. 

riHlk (H^k), n 

A nairon-aec 

ed battle. 

Fl»l(l«t), a. Le.eli proatra 
absolute ; downright ; dull l In 

true pilch, or 

Dir*iuy; flatly. 

of Lmd; ahoal; 

V. 'l. & fc° To^Mlen. — FUtiT, orfr. — Flif- 
nau, n. — Plattan, v. I. ii C [PuiTTKnii 

PtatTra (.m'llij, B. (. 

-Flflfwlsi' (- 
tde downward c 

togra^y the nolty of 

Ite, STant, tdes. Bbej, dnita, oin, lirm, ilk, gll, bol. 




CO please by artful commendation, or with false 
hopes. — Flarter-«r (-«r), n. — Flatter-y (-y), 
n. Adulation ; compliment ; obsequiousueiis. 

Flafwlsat a. & adv. See under Flat, a. 

Flaimt (dSnt or flant), v, i. & t. To display os- 

Flautist (flft'tTst), n. A player on the flute. 

Fla'TOr (fla'TSr), n. Odor; fragrance; taste; 
savor. — V. t. To give flavor to. 

Flaw (fla)» n. A burst ; breach ; defect ; blem- 
ish; fault; sudden gust or blast. -» v. t. To 
break ; to crack. 

Flax (flSks), n. A plant whose bark yields a flber 
used for making thread and cloth, called linen, 
cambric, latcn, lace, etc., and its seed linseed 
oil. — Flax'en (flaks^'n), a. Made of, or resem- 
bling, flax. — Flaz'seed' (-^edOi n. The seed of 
the flax plant ; linseed. — Flaz^ i-S)i ^ JJike 
flax ; of a light color ; fair. 

Tlaj (fla), V. t. [Flayed (fiad) ; Flatxro.] To 
skin ; to strip off the skin of. 

Flea (fle), n. A very agile wingless insect, which 
inflicts a troublesome bite. 

Floam ( flem ), n. A surgeon's instrument for 
openingveins ; a lancet. 

Fleok (fwk), n. A spot ; a streak ; a speckle. — 
V, t. [Flbcked (flSkt ) ; Flsckino.] To spot ; 
to stripe ; to dapple. 

Floc/tlon (flSk'shtln), n. A bendii^. 

Flod, imp. & p. p. of Flbb. 

Fledge (fH&W V, t. To supply with feathers or 
wiUi any soft covering. — Fledge'ling, n. A 
young bird just fledged. 

Flee (flS), V, i, & t. [Flxd (flfid) ; Flkbino.] 
To run away ; to escape. 

Fleece (fles^i n. A coat of wool that covers a 
sheep, or is shorn from a sheep at one time. — 
V. t. To deprive of a fleece ; to strip of money 
or property ; to swindle. — Flee'oy (fle'sy), a. 
Covered with, made of, or resembling, fleece. 

Fleer (fler), v, i. & t. To mock ; to deride. — n. 
Derision; mockery. 

Fleet (flSt), a. Swift in motion; nimble, ^v. i. 
To fly swiftly ; to hasten. — n. A squadron of 
ships ^ navy.— Fleetly, adv. — Fleet'ness, n. 
— FlCKBt'lng, a. Not durable ; transitory. 

Flesh ( flfish ), n. The muscular parts of animals ; 
meat; pulp of fruit; animal nature ; carnal state; 
mankind ; stock ; race. — v. t. To feed (dogs, 
hawks, etc.) with flesh; to imbed (a weapon) in 
flesh; to glut; to satiate. — Flesll'y (-y)t a. 
Plump ; fat. — Flesht-nesSt n. 

AFlevr-de-lis' (fler'de-lS'), n. A plant, the iria; 
an architectural ornament ; an heral- 
dic bearing used in the royal insignia 
of France. 

Flew (flu), imp. of Fly. 

Flex (flfiks), V. t. [Flexxd (flgkst); 
Flbzhio.] To bend. — Flex'i-ble 
(-T-b*l), a. Capable of being flexed 
or bent ; pliible ; ductile ; obsequi- 
ous ; watering. — Flex'i-ble-ness, 
Fl«x'l-bil'l-ty (-T-bTiT-W), n.— Flex'lle (-11), 

r. — Fli 


a. Pliant; yielding. 

lex'ion (fiSk'shiln), n. 

A flexing or bending ; part bent ; fold ; Infle^ 
tion ; action of the flexor muscles. 

Fllck'er (dTk'er), v. i. [Flicxkbbd (-Srd) ; Flick- 
KRuro.] To flut^r ; to waver ; to fluctuate. — n. 
Fluctuation ; a brief increase of brightness ; the 
golden-winged woodpecker or yellow-hammer. 

FU'er (fli'er), n. One who flies or flees. 

Flight (tilt), n. Act of fleeing ; hasty departure ; 
act, mode, or style of flying ; number of things 
pauing through the air together ; flock of birds ; 
reach of steps or stairs. — Flighfy ( -^ ), a. 
Fleeting ; volatile ; giddy. — Flftht'i-ness, n. 

Flim'sy (flTm'zj^), a. Weak ; unsubstantial ; su- 
perficial ; feeble ; light. — Flini'sl-lyi adv. . 

FUnoh (fltnch), V. i. [Flikchxd (flTncht); 
Flinchino.] To draw back ; to shrink ; to wince. 

Flin'ders (flfn'dSrz), n. pi. Small pieces ; splin- 
ters; fragments. 

Fling (fltng), V. t. [Flung (flfing); Flinoino.] 
To cast from the hand ; to emit ; to prostrate ; 
to defeat. — v. i. To flounce ; to utter harsh 
language ; to rush, -i- n. A cast from the hand ; 
a sneer ; a sarcasm ; a kind of dance. 

Flint (flint), n. Very hard quartz. — FlinVy 
(-3^), a. Made of, like, or abounding in, flint ; 
hard. — Flintl-ness, n. 

Flip (flTp), n. A mixture of beer and spirit sweet- 
ened ana heated by a hot iron. 

Flippant (flTp'pant), a. Of smooth and rapid 
speech ; pert ; petulant. — Flip'pant-ly, adv, — 
Fllpliant-ness, Flip'pan-oy (-pan-s^), n. 

Flip'per (fiTp'per), n. A paddle of a sea turtle ; 
a broad fin of a fish ; limb of a seal, whale, etc. 

Flirt (flSrt), v. t. To throw with a jerk ; to fling 
suddenly ; to jeer at. — v. i. To coquette. — n. 
A jerk ; a darting motion ; a coquette ; a pert 
girl. — Flir-tation (flSr-ta'shfin), n. A flirting ; 
playing at courtship ; coquetry. 

Flit (flit), V. i. [FLirTED ; Flittino.] To dart 
along ; to fleet ; to flutter ; to be unstable ; to 
be easily or often moved. «* 

Flitoh (flTch), n. A side of pork cured. 

Flitter (flTf tSr), n. A rag ; a tatter. 

Fleet (flot), n. A thing that rests on the surface 
of a fluid ; a raft ; a kind of file or troweL — 
V. t. & i. To swim on the surface. 

Flock (fl5k), n. A company or collection of sheep, 
birds, etc. ; a Christian congregation. — v. i. 
[Flocked (flSkt) ; Flocking.] To assemble. 

Fleck (fiSk), n. A lock of wool or hair ; powdered 
wool or cloth, for stuffing furniture, coating wall 
paper, etc. ; refuse of cotton or woolen goods. 

Floe (fio), n. A mass of ice floating in the ocean. 

Flog (flSg), V. t. [Flogged (flSgd) ; Flogoino.] 
To beat ; to whip ; to lash. 

Flood (fltid), n. A body of moving water ; del- 
uge ; freshet ; inundation ; great quantity ; su- 
perabundance. — V. t. To overflow ; to inundate. 
— Flood gate. A gate to stop or to let out 
water ; a passage ; a restraint. 

Floor (flor), n. A bottom of a building or room ; 
story ; platform ; part of a legislative chamber 
assigned to the members ; right to speak. — v. t. 
[Floored (fiSrd); Flooring.] To cover with 

flxm noent, drb, ryde, f^, ftm, f<R»d, ftfbt, out, oil, oludr, go, sins, ink, then, tlilii- 




ft floor ; to lay level with the floor ; to strike 
down ; to silenoe. — Floor'ing (flSrIng), n. A 
platform ; bottom of a room ; material for floors. 

Flop (flSp), V. t. & i. [FiiOFPBD (fl5pt) ; Flof- 
FiNO.] To flap. — n. Act of flopping. 

Fll/ra (flS^rft), n. Goddess of flowers; natural 
veg^etable growth of a locality or period ; de- 
scription of such growth. -^rlo'ral (-ral), tu 

. Pertaining to Flora or flowers. — FlO-rSS'oenoe 
(fli-rgs'ens), n. A bursting into flower ; blossom- 
ing. — Flo'ret (flS'rSt), n. A little flower ; par- 
ti^ flower of an aggregate flower. 
— Hc/rlat (flo'rrst or flSr'rst), n, 
A cultivator of flowers ; a writer on 

' flowers. — Flo'ri-oiil'tiire (-kfil'- 
tdr), n. Cultivation of flowering 

Flor'id (flSr^d), a. Bright in color ; 
of a lively red color ; embellished 
with flowers of rhetoric; ornate. Florets. 

— Plo-rld1-ty (fl*-rMl-ty), Flor'id-ness, n. 

Floz'ln (flSr'fn), n. A silver cohi of several 
Europcian countries. 

Floss (ASb), n. A silken substance in husks 
of maize, etc. ; untwisted filaments of silk. — 
Flossy (flSe^), a. Like floss ; light ; downy. 

Floss (flOs]), n. A small stream of water ; fluid 
glass floating on iron in a puddling furnace. 

Flotage (flS'taj), n. Act of floathig ; floating ma- 
terial. — FlO-ta'tiOB (flft-ta'shfin), n. A float- 
ing ; the science of floating bodies. — Flo-tll'la 
(-til1&), n. A little fleet ; fleet of small vessels. 
— Flot'sam (flSfsam), FlOt'son (flSt'sttn), n. 
Goods lost by shipwreck, and floathig on the sea. 

Flonnoe (flouns), v. i. [Flouitcbd (fiounst); 
FLOUNCiNa.] To turn or twist violently; to 
struggle ; to flounder. — n. A jerk ; a twist. 

Floiuioe (flounsV n. An ornamental strip deco- 
rating a lady's dress. —v. /. To adorn with 

Flonn'dor (floun'dSr), n. A flatfish, allied to the 

Floim'dor (floun'dSr), 

V, i. \TU)TnSfJ>KBXD 

(-dSrd); Floundbb- 
mo.] To fling the 
limbs and body vio- 
lently ; to toss ; to 
tumble; tofloimce. 

Flour (flour), n. Finely 
g^und meal of wheat or other grain; dust; 
powder. — v. t. [Floubbd (flourd) ; Flouring.] 
To grind and bolt; to sprinkle with flour. -^ 
Flonr^ (-V), a. Of or resembling flour. 

Flonr'lsa (fliir'Tsh), v. i. [Floubishkd (-Tsht); 
Floubishino.] To thrive ; to prosper. — r. /. To 
expand ; to brandish. — n. A decoration ; an or- 
nament ; a waving of a weapon or other thing. 

Flout (flout), V. /. To mock ; to treat with con- 
tempt. — V. i. To sneer, —n. An insult ; gibe. 

Flow (flS), V, i. [Flowed (flod) ; Flowing.] To 
move as a liquid ; to melt ; to glide smoothly ; 
to proceed ; to abound ; to hang loose and wav- 
ing ; to rise, as the tide ; — opposed to ebb. ^ 



V. t. To flood. — n. A stream of fluid ; a cur- 
rent ; copiousness ; the rising tide. 

FlOW'er .(flou'Sr), n, A blossom of a plant ; the 
choicest part of anything; a figure of speech. 
— V. t. To blossom forth ; to bloom. — v. t. To 
embellish with flowers. — Flow'or-y (-Sr-j^), a. 
Full of flowers ; florid ; ornate. — FlOW'er-l- 
ness, n. FloridnesB of speech. — Flow'or-de- 
luce' (-de-lus^), n. A plant 
of ^the genus Iru ; flag ; flewr- 
de-lU. — Flow ' er - et, n. A 
small flower; floret. — Flower 
stalk. A peduncle of a plant, 
or stem supporting the fruc- 

Flown (flSn), p. p. of Flt. 

Flncna-ate (flflkt<i-at), v. i. 
To move as a wave ; to waver ; 
to hesitate ; to scruple. — 
Flno'tu-a'tion (-S'shon), n. 
A fluctuating; unsteadiness. 

Fine (flu), n. An air passage, 
esp. for conveying gases, 
smoke, flame, etc. 

Fine (flu), n. Light down; 
fur; lint; fluff. 

Fln'ent (flu'ent), a. Flowing ; 
liquid ; voluble ; copious ; smooth. — Fln'en- 
oy (-cn-sy), n. 

Film (fl&f), n. Nap or down; flue. — Flnlf^ 
{-f)f a. Pertaining to, or resembling, fluff ; soft 
and downy. 

Fln'id (fluad), a. Capable of flowing ; liquid or 
mseous. — n. A liquid or flowing subetauce. — 
Fln-ld1-ty (flfi-TdT-t^), n. Quality of being 
fluid ; a liquid ; aeriform or gaseous state. 

Fluke (fluk), n. The part of an anchor which 
fastens in the ground. 

Flume (flum), n. A stream ; chan- 
nel for water that drives a mill 

Flnm'Hier-y (flttm'mSr-j^), n. A 
kind of pap formerly made of 
flour or meal ; something insipid 
or worthless ; trash ; nonsense. 

Flnng (fliing), imp. &p. p. of Fliho. 

Flnn'ky (flfin'kj^), n. A livery servant ; lackey; 
one obsequious or cringing. 

Flnr'ry (flur'r^), n. A blast ; gust ; dying spums 
of a whale ; commotion ; bustle ; confusion. — 
V. t. To agitate ; to alarm. 

Flusk (fl&shj, V, i. [Flushxi) (fliSsht) ; Flush- 
ing.] To flow and spread suddenly ; to become 
suffused ; to blush ; to glow. — v. t. To make 
full ; to flood (sewers, etc., to clean them) ; to 
put to the blush ; to redden ; to animate : to 
elate; to start (a bird or game).— n. Sudden 
flowing ; rush ; glow ; flock of frightened birds ; 
a hand of cards of the same suit. — a. Full of 
vigor ; fresh ; liberal ; lavish ; level or unbroken 
in surface. — adv. So as to be level or even with. 

Flnster ( fltis'tSr ), v. t. [Flustkiud (-tSrd) ; 
Flustkring.] To make hot, as with drinking ; 
to confuse. — n. Heat ; disorder ; bustle. 

cc S;inkes. 

ft, e, I, o, a, long ; ft, d, I, ft, il, j^, short ; lenftte, tvent, tdaa. 6bey, Unite, cAre, linn, Ask, nil, flnah 



-«rd ) : 

....,.- ., igAn or keji; cUDiivl 

In A cdLudui i tMd ; grooTB nude iu wood '- '- 
cLoUl ^v^ L To form flotflB or cdunneii : 
aroon. — TlnflaCi •>• ^ nhannBl ; furrow ; 
autadwOTt— nAlSt,n. A perfoiDKT on tho 
flute : ■ fluuCut. 
Plnftoi (flni/iar). r 
FLnTTBuna.] Tomu'o" .—pw.. 
ly ; tomovawithqulck vibTfttlojur 

nn'Tl-^(flll'vt-al), Fln'Tl-ino C-"""). nn'vl- 
K-UlB l-i-tnj, a. Belra^tog Co, eiiitmg in, or 

Flux ( dOkfl ), n- A flowEn^ ; cbango ; matter 

riy (^), B. I 

iTB ; a bjotliod ol matliematiool 
nitely biqbU Tu-iable qmmtity^ 

BqualWng the motjon ot machinery ; fliglit o[ a 
baU when atruck. — PU'M, Fir". ".— n?*- 
UOW (-bt5'),F. ^ TodapOfiitma^otJoregBAOn 
(inBmt);totamt.— n. OoeoHheomaor 
deposited bj » fleah dy orbLowfly.— HyTaowil' 
(-blBn'j.d. Tainted; foul.— PlyspeoK-ipeii'): 
To «dU with fly.jwokit — nyTr«p'(-trkp'|,"n! 

devour uuecti that liifht ou them. — Hy Imt 

— PlylHJ artillei7. Artillery Ironed 
evolutions in battle. — Flylut lllldg*, 
a supported by bo^te, or * ferryboat 

time, by ita Jong 
tonl Hub. — Fl] 
lit. Asaileitei 

Ing-jlb, on the Bj 
lib boom. — Fin 

wlAtn ot the lib boom. 

A •qulrrel haTlng an i 
from the Ion to ttw hli 
fu Tarv long Imp*. 
FMl(nil),n. TGeroim 


'. & i. CFouAD(10ld)i 


f<-J),a. Frothy. ■] 
IBBU) (fiRHl) ; FouiH 

Foil IfObl, B. 

Fo'oiii (VoTiiS)',^! A'^S°brwhlchT»ysofllRht 
meet, alter being reflected or refracted ; central 

^JiBt] ; FocTTBUra.] To bring to' a lociu; to 
lAuceuttate. — Ft'cil i'kalj, a. Belonging to, 

TiXl'tniil^kn. Food for horsee, cattle, sheep, 

etc. _>,.(, [FODBlBin (-dSrd); FODDEUNST] 

velop with fog; to betOK. — Pm'i7 (-gj). o. 

Filled with fog; cloudy; dull.— Fog'gl-ii«ai,n. 

F«(fSg),n. Socnndgrowthofgra^ilonEKraM 

rF™RD(f!5gd); Foaonca.] To pastur^ (cal't-lei 
iu fog ; lo eat off the fog from. - Fog-glte [16g^ 
glj), n. Rank grass standing tQl winter ; fog. 

e. rWritleniilBD/Djieand/iiiMj'.] 

Foh {IB), iiUtri. Biclamatlon of contempt ; poh. 

Fol^lA (foi'bU), n. A monl weakuen \ faiung ; 

frailty; defect. 
Foil (fiul). V. i. [PoiuD (fo[ld)i FoiuBo.] To 


|ii^:^ ©A 

Fold (fSld), 1'. (. To double; to lap; to lay in 
piuU or folds ; to envetop ; Co clasp ; to em- 
numerals, chiefly In compo^tlon, to denote mul' 

FaUUfOld), n. ADlncloniref»riheep;aflach(Df 
_..._. .. . ^, xo collect (sheep) In a fold. 

Fol'd*-IOl' (iai'd*-r6l'). 

Fftll-atB <HVlI-tj), - 

FoOl-iM (--' 

t4]), n. LeiTeg ' 
;itS, e. (. To bei 

_tiiiiicoat— n. i 

u (-■'■hlla}, a. Leafy i III 


(, Alb, n|d>, lyll, fin, Itfbd, ftfbC, onC, oU, filuii, ■ 





leaves intermixed with flowers ; tiaving the form 
of a leaf or plate. — Fo'll-atlOB (fCai-a'shfin), 
A. A forming iuto leaves, or beating (metal) 
into plates ; splitting of rocks into slabs. 

Fol'iO (tol'y* or IS'II-*), n. / pi. Fouos (-ySi or 
A.'0'i). A blieet of paper once folded ; book made 
of sheets of paper folded once ; page in a book ; 
a certain number of words (in England 72, in 
New York 100) in a writing. — a. Formed of 
sheets folded once. — «'. t. To page, or num- 
ber (the sheets in a book). 

Folk (f ok). Folks (f Sks), n. ooUeet, & pi. People ; 
class of people. 

Fcrii-Gle (fSiai-k'l), n. A simple pod of a plant 
opening down the inner 
suture ; a vessel distended 
with air ; little bag in animal 
bodies ; a gland. 

Foiaow (fMI*), r. /. & i. 
[FoiJiOWBO (-Itid) ; Foixow- 
IMO.] To go or come after ; 
to pursue ; to imitate ; to 
copy ; to embrace ; to maintain ; to result. — 
Fol'low-er (-er), n. 

Fcl'ly (fSin^), n. state of being a fool ; want of 
sense ; a foolish act ; foolery. 

Fo-ment' (f d-mSut'), v. t. To apply warm lotions 
to ; to promote by excitements ; to encourage ; 
toabet. — Fo^men-ta'tion (fo^mSn-tS'shttu), n. 
A fomenting ; lotion applied to a diseased piurt. 

Fond (f5nd), a. Foolishly tender and loving ; 
tender ; pleased ; loving ardently. — Fondly, 
adv. — Fond'ness, n. — Fon'dle (f5nM'l), v. t. 
To treat tenderly ; to caress. — Fon'dUllfi; (f5n'- 
dlTng), n. One fondled or caressed. 

Font (font), n. A fountain ; spring ; vessel con- 
taining water for baptizing. 

Font (f Qnt), n. A complete assortment of prmting 
type of one size. 

Food (food), n. Whatever sustains, nourishes, 
and augments ; sustenance ; nutriment ; feed ; 
fare ; meat. — a. Suitable for food. 

Fool (f5ol), n. One destitute of reason, or deficient 
in intellect ; simpleton ; dunce ; idiot ; jester ; 
buffoon. — v. t. [FoouBD (f5old) ; Foolino.] 
To act like a fool ; to trifie ; to tov. — v. t. To 
infatuate ; to make a fool of ; to unpose upon ; 
to cheat. — Foollsh (-Tsh), a. Absurd ; unwise ; 
indiscreet; silly; vain; trifling. — Foorisll-ly, 
adv. — FooriBiL-noss, n. — Fool'or-y (-Sr-y), n. 
Practice of folly ; absurdity ; nonsense. — FooF- 
har'dy (-hSrMJr), a. Foolishly bold ; rash. 

Fools/oap^ ( foolz'kSp' ), n. Long folio writing 

Foot (fd6t), n. The terminal part of the leg ; the 
part below the ankle ; lowest part ; f oun&tion ; 
basis ; rank ; measure in poetry ; measure of 
12 inches in length ; infantiy. — v, i. To tread 
to measure oi^ music ; to dance ; to walk. — v. 
t. To kick ; to tread ; to sum up (numbers in 
a column) ; to add a foot to. — Footling, n. 
Ground for the foot ; foundation ; state ; tread ; 
summing or sum of a column of figures ; sum 
total of such a column; a putting a foot to 

anything; thing added as a foot. — Footliall' 
(-bf^lOt n. An inflated ball; sport of kickiug 
the football. —FooHMiy^ (-boiO, n. A page. 

— FootHrldgO' (-brIJO, n. A bridge for foot 
passengers. —Footfall^ (-^ftlO« n. A footstep, 
or ito sound. — FootOLOld' (-bSldO, n. A hold- 
ing with the feet ; firm standing ; footing. — 
FootOlght' (-HV), n. One of a row of lights be- 
fore the sts^ m a theater, etc. — ToolVmsJi 
(-man), n. A soldier who fights on foot ; male ! 
servant who attends the door, carriage, table, 
etc. — Foofmark^ (-mSrkO, n. A footpruit ; 
track. — Foot'note' (-notO, n. A note of refer- 
ence at the foot of a page. — Foofpad^ (-r^clOi 
n. A highwayman; a robber. — Foot'pxlnt' 
r-prTnV), n. A trace ; a footmark. — FoOTStep' 
(-stSp'), n. A footprint ; token ; mark. — Foot'- 
■toop (-sto&lOi n. A stool for the feet. — Foot'- 
■oro' (-sSr'), a. Having sore feet, as from much 
walking. —By foOt, On foot By walking. 

Fop (f 5p), n. A coxcomb ; a dandy. — Fopllnf 
(fSpatng), n. A petty fop. — Fqp'>«r-y (-pSr- 
f)f n. Behavior, manners, or dress, of a fop ; 
mipertinence ; foolery. — FoP'Pllk (-P^Bh), a. 
Fopllke ; affected in manners. 

For O^r), prep. In the place of ; Instead erf ; be- 
cause of ; concerning ; toward ; during, ^eonj. 
Because ; since. 

For'age (fSr'aj), n. Act of providing food ; food 
for horses and cattle, as grass, pasture, hay, 
com, etc. — v. i. [Foraokd (-Ajd) ; Foraoiko.] 
To search for food ; to ravage ; to feed on spoil. 

For'aa-mncll' (fdr^Sz-mtlchO, cor\j\ In ocmsidera' 
tion of ; because that. 

For'ay (f Srfa or f6-raO, n. A pillaging excozaion. 

For-bado' (f5r-bSd'), imp. of Forbid. 

For-boar' (f5r-bftr0, v. t. & i. limp. Forboki 
r-bor'), Obs. FoRBARB (-bfir') ; p: p. Forbornb 
(-bom') ; FoRBEARiNo.] To cease ; to abstBun ; 
to delay. — For-1>oar'ance (-ans), n. A forbear- 
ing; patience; lenity; mildness. 

For-bid' (f5r-MdO, r. t. [imp. Forbadb (-bid') ; 
p. p. Forbidden (-bTdM'n), Ob». Forbid ; For- 
BiDDiNa.] To command not to do ; to oppose ; 
to prohibit; to hinder.— v. i. To prevent. — 
For-Ud'dlx^, a. Repulsive ; disagreeable. 

Force (fSrs), n. Strength ; ener^ ; stress ; pow- 
er ; violence ; constraint ; validity ; compulsion ; 
body of combatants; armament prepared for 
action, —v. t. [Forcbd (fSrst) ; Forcino.] To 
compel ; to oblige ; to drive ; to press ; to ravish. 

— For'oi-ble (for'sY-b'H, a. Having force; 
potent ; weighty. — For'oi-llly, adv. 

FfV'oeps (fdr'sSps), n. A 8urgeon*s pinoors or 

Ford (f 5rd), n. A shallow place where water may 

be passed through on foot. — r. t. To pass 

through by wading. — Ford'a-blO (-&-b'l), a. 
Fore (for), a. Coming or going first ; antecedent. 

^^adv. Before; in advance; in the forepart. 

— n. The front ; future. — Foro and aft From 

stem to stem ; lengthwise of a vessel. 
Fore-arm' (fSr-ttrm'), v. t. To arm for attack or 

resistance before the time of need. 

ft, 8, 1,5, a, long; A, «,I,6,a, t, short ; Mnftteytvent, Idea, ftbey, ttnite, oAxe, i&rm, Aak, «]1, flaol. 


Itet'aim' (rSr'llmi'), a. Tint put oi tht 
^i«twaea slbow utd wrivt. 

- , t. t. &(. To foKtell 

. — TarfaiM 

FDre-bMU' (IBi-NH'). 

taria; lo r " 

baaing, n. - . 

(fOr'kim^.B. PreniouioontrlTiuidei foretiglit. 

FoiCau'tU (IBr'kfc"!; among mUot-j fJk'Vl), 
n. The forwud port of a *Upi below tlie dock, 
wbore tba nllon Uts. 

Fonolou' (Rh-UCIz^. t>. (. Toihut upsrout; 
to precluoo; to *t^; to tjar ; to excludfl. — 
FOM-OlO'nn (-klCibDT), n. AcC oi piweu of 
fr>recloabJg ; doprivnCloD of ■ mortgagiu- of the 
ri Hbt oi ni^eTaaig m mortgagod oitate- 

ran'Il^tkn(iar'ni'tbSr), n. AnurHator. 

Ttat-tmi' (iDr.RDd'], 1. 1. To tund OS ; to BTert, 

rontllt'in ItSr'na'gti), a. Ihs Snger neit tlie 
tbumb ; Indaji Anger. 

ramoaf (fai^adt^, n. One of the uCertor feel 
"--'--' " ■ - iHhip'a keel 

toof tfai^iR 

lecUn* 11 


Tbat part of a 
pp« put of tbe 

Unent, ^nrop— ■■ 
triiulc. — Pot' 

Ttm-tnai? {fSr-i^''), r, (. Ump. t 
(-□H') ; p. p. Fouisowic (-n^') ; Fi 
ura.] To have preTloua knowledge ol ; 


iRh/Uad')f n. A prDmoatory ; a «na. 
RfrOOk'), n. A look of kail on tb» 

(fa/nmi), n. Tbechieliiian(ot ajar;, 

{tSr'aiAeV),'n. The lorwatd maat of 

Fon'IBOSf <nii'ia!laf), a. Urit in pUce ; obial 
irj rank or djgiiity. 

Fan'Mm' (fS^esoO, «. ith flnt hall of the 

FO-mi'llO (lt-i«n'iTk), a. Belonging to Douti i^ 

law ; arguineDtatlve' 
TOTVa-im' (fSr'Sr-dln'), c. I. To ordain or ap- 

tore i a har^iwer ; a prDguoi) 
Pcra'ull' <HJt^' or SBft'l), n. 

— Ftn-nB'Mr (Or- 


ou tbe van] auppoitedbythefon 

Tcant^^Tat-^), V. t. [imp. Foki 

p. p. Foaats (.abi^ ; p, p- "— 

eee beforoband ; to foreknoi 
For»-»JUUl'aW (fflr-alildt), r. i. i 

t^plfv beforehand ; to preBgure, 
Fun-ikDrf m (ISr-abDrt^nl, e. '. ^ 

diawlog in penpectliB ; U reprt 

ForeiWir' (fOp-abin, <i. I. [(mp. 

tahBd'); p. p. /OBMHOWB ^-.h 

Po«'«SSt('B^»it'). n- *"' " Powai o( fore- 
aeeiug ; prudence ; any reading of a lurreyor^a 
leveling staff, eacept tbe bacbelgbl, 

FOI'Ht [ISttB.), n. An eiMnavB wood. — FOI'- 
SBl-flTi n. An Inhalntant, or one in charge, of 
a forei*. — Poi'«lt-r7(-rJ), n. Cultivation ol 

Fon-ataU' (fSr^etDl'), v. I. To take belorahand ; 

PtaetuW (fir'tisf), b. A'taat 

anticipation. — Smt-timttT (fBr-l 

antioipate i to taate before anoth 
Fore-t^' (fSr.tSl'), "- '. [^oai 

POTe-Uwiwhr (fBr^lHtf ), 

To forsehow. — 

Fcmto'kaL (fSrtlVk'n), h. A prognocUci ■ 
prevloufl Bign. 
Fon' iMtll' (for' teath'). One of the teeth In tbs 

FemVlV (fSr'tBp'), n. The hair on' tbs tonpart 
of the bead -, tbe forwu-d part of a boaddnai; 

ForiT'lI (far'Gi'Sr). adti. To etemlt; ) oantdn- 

uail; ; always ; ceaaelenly ; endlenly. 
ror»-Wini'(iBr-wam'),i!.(. To warn boforahaoi 
rm'MtdSr'm),!!. I^gt for a crime : liable to 

penaltr. — PwTdt- 
a-blB (-i-h'i|, a. 
Liable to forfeiture. 

- Porld-nn (-n- 


Foaaors (fiir'jing ). ] 

a, ryda, fyll, Om, [itod, fiHtt, ODt, « 




snd hammering ; to shape ; to produce ; to make 
falsely ; to fabricate ; to couuterfeit. — v. i. To 
commit forgery ; to move heavily aud slowly, aa 
a ship. — For'ger (for'jer), n. One who forges 
or forms ; one guilty of forgery. — Foi/gor-y 
(-j^), n. Act of forging, fabricating, or producing 
f aldely ; crime of counterfeiting ; thing forged. 

Por-gef (f5r-g6t'), V. t, limp. Forgot (f5r-g6f ), 
Obs. FoROAT (-gSf ) ; p. p. Foroottkn (-g5f t'n), 
Foroot; Forgettino.] To lose remembrance 
of ; to treat with inattention ; to neglect. — 
For-getfnl (-ful). a. Apt to forget ; careless. 

For-get'-me-not^ (fSr-gSf m^nSt^), n. An herb, 
bearing a blue flower, the emblem of fidelity. 

Por-give' (f 5r-gTvO, v. t. limp. Forgave (-gav') ; 
Forgiven (-giv' 'n) ; Forgiving.] To pardon ; 
to excuse ; to remit. — For-glvo^eas, n. Par- 
don. — For-givlng, a. Disposed to forgive ; 
merciful ; compassionate. 

For-goV, For-got'tm, p. p. of Forget. 

Fork (fdrk), n. An instrument with prongs or 
tines ; one of the parts into which anything is 
divided.— v. i. & t, [Forked (f6rkt); Fobx- 
iNO.] To divide into branches. 

For-lom' (f6r-ldrn0« a. Deserted; forsaken; 
helpless; hopeless; miserable; pitiable. 

Fonn (fdrm), n. Shape ; figure ; look ; manner ; 
a pattern ; a model ; a phantom ; a bench. — v. /. 
[Formed (f6rmd^ ; Forming.] To give shape to; 
to make ; to fashion ; to model ; to train ; to be a 
part or constituent of. — Fonu'er, n. — Form'al 
(fdrm'al), a. Belonging to, or according to, 
form ; regular ; methodical ; express ; ceremoni- 
ous ; conventional. — Fom'al-ly, adv. — Fonu'- 
al-ism (-Tz'm), n. Quality of being formaL — 
Fona'al-ist, n. One over-attentive to forms ; 
a precisian. — For-mal'i-ty (fSr-mSll-ty), n. 
Compliance with conventional rules; conven- 
tionality ; established order ; usual method. — 
For-ma'tlon (-ma'shfin), n. A giving form or 
shape to ; structure ; construction ; arrangement 
of troops, in square, column, etc. — Form'- 
a-tlve (f8rm'i-tTv), a. Giving form ; plastic ; 
derivative ; not radical. — n. Part of a word 
(a prefix, termination, etc.), which serves to give 
form, and ia no part of the radical ; word formed 
regularly, from a root, etc. — Formless, a. 
Shapeless; irregular. 

For^mer (ffir'mer), a, compar. Ihreceding in 
time ; previous ; preceding ; foregoing. — FOT'- 
mer-ly, odv. in time past ; of old ; heretofore. 

Forlnl-da-ble (f6r'mT-di-b'l), a. Exciting fear 
or apprehension : terrible ; tremendous. 

For'sm-la (f8r'mn-l&), n. A prescribed or set 
, form ; established rule ; symbol. — Forrmn-latO 
(-lat), For'&Ln-llze (-liz)» v. L To reduce to, or 
express in, formulas. 

For'niy (fttr'ra ortSr-ra'), v. t. To ravage. — n. 
A ravaging ; a predatoiy excursion ; a foray. 

For-Saka' (fttr-sak')* "• '• h^P- Forsook (-sflbk') ; 
p.p. Forsaken (-8ak"n) ; Forsaking.] To quit ; 
to abandon ; to renounce ; to reject. 

For-SOOtk' (f 5r-s5oth'), adv. In truth ; very well ; 
certainly; verily. 

FOr-Swaax^ (f5r-8wftr'), v. t. & i. {imv. Fob- 
swore (-swor'); Forsworn (-BwSm'); For- 
swearing.] To renounce upon oath ; to swear 
falsely ; to commit perjury. 

Fort (fort), n. A fortified place ; fortress ; castle. 

Forte (fort), n. The strong point ; that in which 
one excels. 

llFor'te (fdr'tlk or f5r'ta), adv. Loudly ; strongly. 

Forth (forth), adv. Forward ; onward ; out from ; 
away ; abroad. — FortlL'-OOm'lllg (-kttm'Tug), 
a. Beady to come forth or appear ; making ap' 
pearance.— Forth-Wltll' (-wTth' or -wTttiOt odv. 
Immediately ; without delay ; directly. 

For'ti^etll, a. See under Fortt. 

For'tl-ly (f8r'tT-fI), v. t. [Fortified (-fid) ; For- 
tifying. ] To strengthen ; to secure by forts, bat- 
teries, etc. — Fortl-fl-oation (-fl-kS'shttn), n. 
Military architecture ; a fortified place. 

Forti-tnde (fdr'tT-tfid), n. Passive courage ; res- 
olute endurance ; courage ; bravery. 

FortldghV (f6rt'nit0» n. The space of fourteen 
days; two weeks. — Fort'xiight-ly, a. & adv. 
Once in a fortnight. 

Fortress (fdr'trSs), n. A fortified place ; a fort. 

For-tn'i-tOUS (f5r-tu'I-tQs), a. Accidental ; cas- 
ual ; incidental. — For-tn'i-tOllS-ly, advi — FOT- 
ta'i-ty (-tj^)i n. Accident ; chance ; casualty. 

Fortmie (for'tSn), n. Chance; accident; luck; 
fate ; destiny ; good or ill success ; possessions ; 
wealth, —v. {. To come to pass ; to happen. — 
Fortn-nate (-td-nat), a. Coming by favorable 
chance; auspicious; lucky; prosperous. 

FWty (fSr'l^), a. Four times ten. — n. The 
sum of forty units ; a symbol expressing forty 
units, as 40 or xl. — For^-etk ( fbr'tT-8th ), a. 
Following the thirty-ninth ; constituting one of 
forty equal parts into which a thing is divided. 

Fo'mm (fo'rfim), n. A public place in Bx>me; 
a tribunal ; a court. 

For'ward (ffir'wSrd), Forwards (-wSrdE), adv. 
In front ; onward ; in advance ; progresaively. 
— For'warA, a. Near or at the fore part; 
prompt ; willing ; strongly inclined ; eager ; 
over ready; less reserved or modest than is 
proper; bold; precocious; presumptuous.^ v. 
t. To help onward ; to advance ; to promote ; 
to Siend forward ; to transmit. 

Fos'all (f Ss'sTl), a. Dug out of the earth ; petri- 
fied. — n. A substance dug from the earth ; a 
petrified form of a plant or animal ; a person 
whose ideas are extremely antiquated. 

Fos'ter (f 5s'ter J, v. t. [Fostered (-tSrd) ; Foster- 
INC.] To feed ; to nourish ; to rear ; to cherish ; 
to encourage ; to stimulate. — Foster-er, n. — 
Foster brother, sister, ohUd, father, mother, 
parent, son. One not related by blood, but 
otherwise holding the place of sister, child, etc. 

Fought (fat), imp. & p. p. of Fight. 

Fonl (foui), a. Covered with or containing ex- 
traneous matter which is injurious, noxious, or 
offensive ; defiled ; impure ; not fair ; stormy ; 
hateful ; unpropitious ; unfair ; dishonest ; 
cheating. — v. t. To make filthy ; to defile ; to 
bring into collision with something that impedes 

&, e, I. o, a, long ; &, 6, 1, 6, 0, f, short ; senate, dveat, tdea, dbey, ftnite, c4re, iUm, Ask, |^ final. 




motion. — v» i. To become entangled or clog^ied. 
^n. An entanglement; a collision; an im- 
proper stroke of the ball, etc., in certain games. 
— Ponlly, adv. — Fonl'ness, n. 

Found (found), imp, &p. p. of Find. 

Found (found), V. t. To fix upon a basis ; to estab- 
lish firmly ; to base ; to ground ; to build ; to 
institute. — Fovnd'er, n. — Fonn-dation (f oun- 
dS'ah&u), n. Establishment ; settlement ; basis ; 
bottom ; support ; endowment. 

Found (found), V. t. To form by melting metal, 
and pouring it into a mold ; to cast. — Found'- 

«r, n. — Fonnd'ry (-ry), Fonnd'or-y (-er-y), n. 

A casting metals ; place where metals are cast. 

Foimd'aar, ». See under Fouhd, to fix, aUo to 
form by melting. 

Fonnd'or (founder), v. i. [FoxTiiDBaBD (-erd); 
FouNDKBiNO.] To fill with water, and sink, as 
a ship ; to fail ; to miscarry ; to stumble and go 
lame, as a horse.— v. t. To make (a horse) 
lazne.^n. Inflammation and lameness in a 
horse's foot ; infiammatory fever or rheumatism 
in the body. 

Fonnd'aor-y, n. See under Found, to form by 

Fonndlug (foundling), ». A child found with- 
out a parent or owner. 

FOnnd'STTt *>• See under Found, to form by melting. 

Fount (fount^j n. A font of type. 

Fonnt (fount), Fonntaln (foun^Tn), n. A spring, 
natural source, or stream of water ; jet ; origin. 

— Fountain head. Primary source ; original. 
Four ('^Of ^ One more than three ; twice two. 

— n. Sum of four units; symbol representing 
four units, as 4 or iv. — Four'fold' (-foldO* a. 
Quadruple; four times told.— n. Four times 
as much. — Fonr'foot'Od (-fd6t/Sd), a. Having 
four feet ; quadruped. — Fonr'socnre' ( - sk5r ^ ), 
a. Four times twenty ; eighty. — ». Eighty 
units. — Fonz^aanare' (-skwftr^), a. Having 
four sides and four equal angles ; quadrangular. 

— Fonrtll (f5rth), a. Next following the tliird 
and preceding the fifth ; forming one of four 
equal parts into which a thing is divided. ^ n. 
One of four equal parts of a thing ; a quarter. 

— Fonrtllly, adv. In the fourth place. 
Tonrteen' (fOr'ten^), n. The sum of ten and 

four ; a symbol representing this number, as 14 
or xiv. ^a. Four and ten more ; twice seven. 

— FOnxteentll' (-tenths, a. Succeeding the 
thirteenth and preceding the fifteenth ; form- 
ing one of fourteen parts into which a thing is 
divided, i—n. One of fourteen equal parts. 

Fonrtll, etc. See under Foxm, a. 

Fowl (foul), n. A winged animal ; a bird. 

(f5ks), n. A carnivorous doglike animal, 

Enropean Fox. 

remarkable for its cunning ; the thrasher shark 
or sea fox ; a cunning fellow ; rope yam twisted 
and tarred, —v. t. [Foxed (fokst) ; Fozme.] 
To cover (feet of boots) with new leather. — 
Foz'y (-y), a. Pertaining to foxes; wily ; of a 
reddish-brown color. 

Fraction (frSk'shiin), n. A portion ; fragment ; 
an aliquot part of a unit or whole number. •— 
Fraotion-al, a. Pertaining to, or constituting, 
a fraction. 

Fractions (frSk'sh&s), a. Apt to quarrel or 
fret ; ])eevish ; cross ; {Mttish. 

Fracture (frSk't6r), n. A snapping asunder; 
rupture ; breaking of a bone. — v. t. To break ; 
to crack. 

Frag'ile (frSjaiJ, a. EasUy broken: britUe ; 
weak ; f raU. — iSra-gUt-ty ( f r4 - jU ' t - 1^ ), n. 
Brittleness; frailty. 

Frag'ment (frSg'ment), n. A part broken off; 
a small, detached portion. — Frag'mon-ta-ry 
(-mSn-t&-ry), a. Composed of fragments; not 

Fra'grant (frS'grant), a. Sweet of smell; aro- 
matic. — Fra'grance (f »'grans), Fra'gran-oy 
(•gran-sy), n. Quality of being fragrant. 

Frau (fral), a. Easily broken; weak; infirm; 
unchaste. — Frail'ness, n. —Frailty (-ty), n. 
Frailness ; fault arising from weakness ; Iud>il- 
ity to be deceived or seduced. 

Frail (fral), n. A basket made of rushes ; quan- 
tity of raisins (from 32 to 75 pounds) contained 
in such a basket ; a rush for weaving baskets. 

Frame (fntm), v. t. To construct ; to fabricate ; 
to make ; to devise; to shape; to conform; to 
put (a picture) into a ^^ 
frame. — n. A thing 
composed of parts fitted 
together ; fabric ; struc- 
ture ; bodily structure ; 
make or build of a per- 
son ; skeleton ; system ; 
condition ; humor.— 

Fram'er, n. — Frames- 
work' (-wflrk/), n. A 
framing or frame ; basis ; 
work done on a frame or 

Franc (frSnk), n. A French silver coin, worth 
about nineteen cents. 

Fian'chise (f rSn'chTz or -chiz), n. A privilege ; 
immunity ; right to vote ; asylum or sanctuary. 
—V. /. To make free. — Fran'cMse-ment 
(-chTz-ment), n. Release ; freedom. 

Fran'gi-ble (frSn'jT-b'l), a. Capable of being 
broken; brittle; fragile. — Fran'gi-bil'i-ty 
(-bTlT-ty), w. 

Frank (frSnk), a. Free ; not reserved ; candid ; 
plain; open; sincere, ^r. /. [F BANKED 
(frtlnkt) ; Franking.] To send by public con- 
veyance free of expense ; to exempt from charge 
for postage. •^ n. A signature of a person pos* 
sessing the privilege of sending letters, etc., 
free.— Frank'ly, adv.— Frank'neas, n. 

n»nk (frSnk), n. One of the German tribes who 

An uprif^ht Frame. a5 
ab UpnRhts or Posts i 
ed eu Struts, Ties, or 
Braces ; bb CroBspiecs 
or Girder. 

fln, recent, 6rb, rude, f^^ ftm, fdbd, fdbt, out, oil, cliair, go, ainK, ink, then, tbin. 




in tHe 6th century established the kingdom of 
France ; a European. 

TnakfiDrHmaB (frSnktn-a&u), n. A dr^ reain, 
used as a perfume and for medicinal fumigation. 

Fran'tio (fnn'tTk)i a. Mad ; raving ; wild. 

Fra-ter'nal (fr&-tSr'nal), a. Pertaining to, or be- 
coming, brothers; brotherly. — Fra-tU/nal-ly, 
adv. — Fra-tei/ni-ty (-nt-ty), n. State or qual- 
ity of being fraternal ; brotherhood ; a body of 
men associated for common interest, business, 
or pleasure. — Frater-nize (f rS'tSr-nlz or f rSf - 
Sr-), V. t. To associate as brothers. — Fra'tar- 
ni-zation (-nT-zS'shtin), n. A fraternizing. 

Frafrl-Cide (frSt'rI-sid), ». Murder, also the 
murderer, of a brother. — Frat'rl-Oi^dal (rsaf- 
dal), a. Pertaining to, or involving, fratricide. 

^aud ( f r{^ ), n. Deception ; deceit ; guile ; 
trick ; cheat ; fraudulent procedure ; breach of 
trust. — Fraud'U-lmt (frftd'u-lent), a. I>eceit- 
ful; trickish; unfair; treacherous. 

Fraught (frat), a. Freighted; laden; filled; 
full; stored. 

Fray (fra), n. An affray; a broil; a contest.^ 
V. t. To frighten ; to terrify. 

Txaj (frS), V. t, & i. [Fratko (frSd) ; FRArnia.] 
To rub ; to wear off ; to fret ; to raveL— n. A 
fret, chafe, or worn place in cloth. 

Preak (frek), n. A sudden, causeless change of 
the mind ; a whim ; a caprice.— v. t. [Fbbaksd 
(frekt) ; Fsbakimo.] To variegate ; to checker. 

TxbO'kiB (f rSk'k'l), n. A spot of a yellowish color 
in the skin ; a small discoloration. —«.<.& t. 
To color with freckles ; to spot. 

Froo (fre), a. Not under restraint or compulsion ; 
at liberty ; candid ; liberal ; frank ; lavish ; 
licentious, ^v. L [Fbkbd (fred) ; FmcEmo (f re'- 
Tng).] To make free ; to release ; to disenmge ; 
to clear.— Freely, adv.— Free'ness, n.— Iree'- 
dom (-dttm), n. Exemption from control ; lib- 
erty ; familiarity. — Free1>00ter (-boofSr), n. 
A robber ; a pillager. — Freedom' (-bdmO, a. 
Bom free ; inheriting liberty. — Freed'man 
(frSd'man), n. One bom a slave, and freed. — 
Froe'inail, n. One who enjoys liberty ; one 
entitled to privileges of citizenship. — Free 
BOlloeL A school where all pupils are admitted 
on an equal footing ; a pubbc school, or school 
where there is no charge for tuition. 

Txt^mBfWfm (f rS'mS's'n), n. One of an ancient 

and secret association, composed of persons 

united for social enjoyment and mutual assist- 

. ance. — Freerma^8on-ry (-ma's'n-ry), n. Insti- 

I tutions or practices of freemasons. 

^ee'Stone' (fre'stSnO, n. A stone composed of 
sand, and easily wrought. 

FreetUnk^or (frS'thTnk^r}, n. One who dis- 
cards revelation. — I^eetlllllk'illg, a. Exhib- 
iting undue boldness of speculation ; skeptical. 
— n. Unbelief. 

Free'wUl' (f re'wYl'), a. Spontaneous ; voluntary. 

Freeze (frez), v. L & i. limp. Frozb (frSz) ; p, 
p. Frozen (fr5'z'n) ; Frsbzino.] To congeal 
with cold ; to chill. — ». A congealing. — 
Freez'er, n. — Freezing point That degree 

of a thermometer at which a fluid begins to 
freeze, which, for water, is dSP of Fahrenhcdt'e 
Areigllt (frat), n. Lading (of a ship, car, etc.) ; 
cargo ; price for transportation of merchandiae. 

— V. t. To load (a ship, etc.) with goods. 
French (frfinch), a. Pertaining to France. — n. 

The language, also the people, of France. — 
Frenoh'man (-man), n. A native or naturalized 
inhabitant of France. — French Ohfllk. A 
variety of talc, of grayish color, used for draw- 
ing lines on cloth. — French horn. A wind 
instnunent con- 
si sting of a 
colled, expand- 
ing metal tube. 

— French roof. 
A roof with 
curved sides and 
flat at the top; 

Thf.S^/^Ti\ French Horn. 

Fren'zy (fren'zj^), 

n. Violent agitation ; madness; rage. 

Fre'ftnent (fre^kweut), a. Often done or hap- 

fening; habitual; persistent. — nre'Qnen-oy 
f re'kwen-sj^ ), n. Condition of returning fre- 
quently; constant occurrence. — Fre^ftnent-ly. 
adv.— Fre-4uent' (fr£-kw8nt0i v. t. To visit 
often ; to resort to habitually. • 
TXW^OO (frSs'kd), n. A pamtmg on freshly plas- 
tered walls, ^v. t. [Fbxsoobd (-kod); Fbbs- 
coiNO.] To paint in fresco. 
^esh (fr6sh), a. Possessed of original life and 
vi^or ; new and strong ; recently made or ob- 
tamed ; raw ; green ; untried ; cool ; brisk ; 
not salt. ^ n. A pool or spring of fresh water ; 
a freshet. — Frouly, a<lv. — Ftesh'ness, n. — 

Ftesh'en (fr6sh''n), v. t. To make fresh: to 
revive. — v. i. To grow fresh. — ftesh'et (-et), 
n. A flood in a river. — FreBh'&UUL (-nuzn), i». 
A novice ; a newly entered student at a college. 

— Fresh'-wa'ter (-wft/tSr), a. Of or pertain- 
ing to water not salt; accustomed to sail on 
fresh water only ; unskilled ; raw. 

Fret (frSt), V. t. L^'beitxd ; FBXTnxro.1 To wear 
away by friction ; to corrode ; to chue ; to im- 
pair ; to agitate ; to tease ; to irritate ; to vex. 
^v. i. To chafe ; to be vexed or irritated ; to 
n)eak peevishly. — n. Agitation; vexation. — 
Fretfu (-ful), a. Disposed to fret ; peevish; 
cross. — Fret'fnl-ly, oifv. — Fretlvl-ness, n. 

Fret (frSt), V. i. To ornament with raised work ; 
to dWersify.^n. 
Ornamental work- in 
reliei , carving ; em- 
boBsing* — Fret'- 
wrak' (-wflrk'), n. 
Work adorned with 


Greek Fret 

frets; piay of light and shade, dark and light, etc. 
Rret (fr&t), n. An ornament made of small fillets 
arranged in patterns ; a wire on the finger board 
of a guitar, etc., to guide the position of the 
player's fingers. — v, t. To furnish (a guitar, 
etc.) with frets. 

a,e, 1, 5, fit long ; ft, «. 1, 5, tt, j^, short : lenAte, (vent, tdea, 6bey. linite, e4re, ilnn, 4ak« nil, final. 

FflW _(»#*),». i 

BT of ■ nUgloai ord4 

Jj larger thui 

RlO'M-U*' Cirft'a»^>, n- 

Fllo'ttdll (trik'ahan), n, 
u«iiut uHither | Attrit 

Prfflar (fti'dt), n. Tba 

FtlM (trid), imp. & p. Ik of FBI. 

ntand (Iriud], n. Ona iiWiuhAd to uoUmt by 
sataem, respect, nod uRMtlon; b Ihtoth ; pro- 
DHter; a Qiufesr. — rrlMdlWH, «- DntltaM 
Dl (rlendi 1 te-loni. — TllmVlJ i-Vii "• ^^l' 
oblei kindibronUa.— FrlWU'U-MU.n.— 
PMod'lkto, n. Attacbment to ■ puun; 
f rlopdl; TeUtiop ; Intimacy. 

TiImoM (trBi or frti), n. A ooane woolen oloth 

rriM* (fiBi), n. Ths eatablatun of a cDtuimi 

mflU (fright), B. A^po 

a aloop of iraTt and loH Cbaa . 
Mgkt ifrit), ». Hnddtm and 

rot i ooaatenuitii: ' " 

To (right. —PilfWIUli. . , 

tali awful; horrid 1 ahockina. 
Friend tfrlj^d), a. Oold ; oTlow taioiHratiin ; 

Impotent. — tUtna-lT, adv. — Frlfll-UMa, 

FTr-fid'l-t)r(frlltd't.tJ), n. 
PlUl mi), n. A raffle I mffliiig of a hawk'. 

[PuLLm "ftlldtl PsiLUHa.'l To decants vlth 

frillB.— c. t To >bake or ablTer aa with cold. 

Piin«« Urtnj), n. A triouuine conaiating of loow 

(frlnjdl'i Fmxaila.] To bordei with fringe. 

r^iik (trlik), V. i. To «klp, dance, or gambol. - 
n. A fiollo ; a Bt of wanton jrajetj. — Prtik^ 
{■t),a. ^rolioaome; gaj. -PllUCl-natH). 

Pllf (Irlt), B, Material uf which glaae la made, 

rtST^trtSiir*^''? 'i^^™ at X*™ i mn 

mrUT (frif tSr), Ik A panoake td filed batter ; 
a fragment ; ahred ; mull plec«.^T. t. To cut 
or break into small iriecee or f ragmenta* 

Prifo-lAU (ftrv'S.llLi), a. 01 little weight, 

PitVo-Ioni-iuu, Fii-vol'l- 

Ideolv ; to terrify ; to ecars ; 
it.— PriKhftn ffritPn], r. (. 
1nl(-(vl),a- Terrible ; fear- 

Ftls (frfii, ran, P. I. 

t7 ((■ 

„., (h^) 

lo crltp ; to cnmp. — n. That 

, anything CTi&ped or curled. — 

Plll'll* (-ll), «. (. Tocnrl; to Irtl. — Prll'- 

»Im(.[l«r), B.— Mi'llT.a- Crisped ; crimp.. 

Fre CfrtF), WW. From : away : back ; backward. 

Pwo* " - -^-^ 

A body coat for men, usually double- 
ts M), rfd*, tifli, Qm. fifl>d, liiia 

Flii^ (frlMlk), a. Full of prank. ; gay j merry, 

Qierry-tnakiaf.'— tJ.4. [Fiououd |-Ikt) ; Fuh,! 
HtKnra.} To^ytrichaof mirtiiaud g^^ty; to 

•port FnniMoiB* (-tlim), a. Fullof nJrth : 

sportire — PnltO-uma-Btu, n. 

ram ( frikn ), prfp. Out of ^ by reaeoD of i by 

FTOlt (frOnt), n- ForO part ; (oreiioad ; brow ; 
face i boldoaae : impudonce. ^»'- L To nniMMfl 
face to face : to ataud opposite, 
to adorn in front.- 1. £ Toei 
opposita.— 0. or or relatbig 

mntill (IrSo'tal^ a. Belonging to the t 

Frontlsr (IrSntSr), n. Partot acountiVw) 
fronto or facet another countiy ; the boidei 
o. Lyir^ on the exterior part j bordering. 

Front'U-TlMM (frAn'tfa-pSa), n. A pjotun tp 


Uke froat ; (reeling ; froisD i ehilly ; white. — 
noMI-ly, adv. — ftotn-nMI, n. - Fro»t1n«, 
B. A oompoaition of en and SUK»r for coiering 
cake,puddinga,etc. — n«M'lllta'(-btI'),B. The 

tfafl forward 

Fmttidl'. : 
England coai 

Froth (IrStil), 

9 Kabbard fiib of 

•U<.tiiS. — Txm'm.^v. 
FlOTlT (Irou'if), a. gtOi 

- FraQi'l.iMU, n. 




Fro'ward (frS^w^rd), a. Perversely disobedient ; 
untoward; wayward; refractory; peevish. 

Frown (frouu), v. t. & i. To rebuke by threat- 
ening looks. — n. A wrinkling of the brow in 
rebuke, sternness, etc. ; a scowl. 

Prow'zy (f rou'zy), a. Frouzy ; blowzy. 

Froa'en (fro'z'n), a. Subject to frost ; chilly. 

Frnctl-fy (f riik'tT-fi), v. t. To make fruitful ; to 
fertilize. — v. i. To bear fruit. — FHuKti-fl-ca'- 
tlon (-fT-ka'shOn), n. Act of fructifying ; parts 
of a plant which compose the flower and fruit ; 
process of developing into fruit. 

Fru'gal (fru'gal), a. Economical in use of re- 
sources; sparing; saving. — Frn'gal-ly, adv, — 
Prn-gal'l-ty ( f rtt-gttl1-ty ), n. Prudent econ- 
omy ; good husbandry or housewifery. 

Frn-glf'ttr-OUB (f ru-jTfer-iis). a. Producing fruit ; 
fruitfuL — Frn-glY'o-rons (-jYv'6-riis), a. Feed- 
ing on fruits. 

FrnU (frut), n. Produce of the earth, of plants, 
or of animals ; offspring ; effect ; consequence. — 
Fruity {fxVi^f)y a. Having the odor, taste, or 

• appearance of fruit ; fruitful. — Frnlt'agO (-ftj)f 
n. Fruit, collectively. — FrniVer-er (-er-Sr), n. 
One who deals in fruit. — Fmifaor-T (-8r-5[), n. 
Fruit, collectively ; a repository for fruit. — 
Frnit^fnl (-fvil}, a. Full of fruit ; fertile ; pro- 
lific ; plentiful; rich; abundant. — Frultflll- 
ly, a<fv. — Frairfnl-ness, n. — Fraltless, a. 
Lacking, or not bearing, fruit ; barren ; unr 
profitable ; abortive ; vain ; profitless. 

Fra-ition (fru-Tsh'tln), n. Pleasure derived from 
possession or use ; enjoyment ; realization. 

Frostrate (frfis'trat), v. i. To bring to notlung ; 
to make null ; to baffle ; to defeat ; to balk. — 
a. Vain; ineffectual; useless. — FzilB-tra'tiOll 
(frQ»>trS'sh&n), n. Disappointment ; defeat. 

llRns'tnm (fr&s'ttlm), n. The part of a solid 
next the base, formed by 
cutting off the top. 

Fiy (fri), V. t. [F&DEO (frid); 
Fbtino.] To cook with fat 
ix) a pan over a fire. — v. i. 
To be heated ; to ferment, FnistnmB. 

foam, or dissolve with heat, 
^n. A dish of anything fried ; state of excite- 
ment. — Frylxig pan. A pan with a long 
handle, for frying meat and vegetables. 

Fnoh'^-a (fu'shT-& or fu'sh&), n. A flowering 
plant of South America. 

Fn'OUB (fu'k&s), n. A leathery seaweed ; rock- 
weed. — Fn'CCid (-koid), a. Of the nature of 
seaweed. —n. A plant, recent or fossil, re- 
sembling seaweed. 

Fnd'dle (ffid'd'l), v. t. To make foolish by drink. 
— V. i. To drink to excess. 

Fndge (f ttj), n. A made-up story ; stuff ; non- 
sense ; — an exclamation of contempt. — v. t. 
To va.ik& up ; to fabricate. 

Fn'el (fu'81), n. Any combustible matter ; what- 
ever feeds flame, heat, or excitement. 

Fn'gi-tlye (fu'jT-tIv), a. Flying; fleeting; un- 
stable ; volatile ; evanescent. — n. One who 
flees from his station or duty, from danger or 

ne pan^ ox a buuu 

I', V. L T 
or com- M 



from punishment ; a deserter. — Fll'gl-tlTA-l7» 
adv. — Fn^-tlye-neas, n. 

Fnl^cnun (tul'kriiiu), n. A prop or support on 
which a lever turuti. 

Ful-llU' (ful-fllO, Ful-fll' 
To fill up ; to make lull or 
plete ; to accomplish ; to bring to 
pass. — Fnl-flll'ment (-meut), 
n. Accomplishment; performance. 

Fnll(f^), a. Filled up; replete; copious; am- 
ple ; complete ; perfect. -* n. Complete meas- 
ure ; utmost extent, ^adv. Quite ; completely ; 
entirely. — «. i. To become fully or whoUy 
illuminated. — Fnlly, adv. — Full'&ess, n. 

Fall (fvil), V, t. [FuLLBD (fyld) ; Fullino. j To 
cleanse, scour, and thicken (cloth) in a mill. — 
V. i. To become fulled or thickened. — Fnll'- 
aor, n. — Fnll'er-y (-er-j^), n. A place where cloth 
is fulled.— Fuller's eartll. GUiy used in scour- 
ing and cleansing cloth, to imbibe grease. 

Fnl'mi-nata (f iU'ml-nat), v. %. & t. To explode ; 
to denounce. -»n. A compound of fulminic acid 
with a base, which explodes by percussion, 
friction, or heat. — Ful^mi-na'tion (-na'shfin), 
n. A detonation ; explosion ; menace ; censure. 

Fnl'SOBLO (fttl'siim), a. Offending by excess or 
grossness ; nauseous. — Fnl'lOOId-nesSf n. 

Fumnble (ffii^i'b'l), v. i. To grope about ; to seek 
awkwanily ; to turn over and over. 

Fmna (fum), n. Vapor from combustion, or ex- 
halation; smoke; reek; idle conceit; rage. — 
V. i. & t. [FuMBD (fumd) ; FumNO.] To smoke ; 
to vapor ; to rage. — Fnin'ons (fum'Us), Fvm'y 
(-y ), a. Producing or full of fumes ; vaporous. — 
Fn'mi-gate (fu'ml-gSt), v. /. To apply smoke 
to ; to clear from infection ; to perfume. — Fn'- 
mi-ga'tlon (-gS'sh&n), n. A fum^ting ; scent 
raised by fire. 

Fnn (f &n), n. Sport ; merriment. 

Fnnc'tlon (ftink'shfin), n. An office ; duty ; per- 
formance. — Fnno'tion-a-ry ( • £ • rj^ ), n. An 

Fnnd (fKnd), n. A stock; capital; invested 
sum ; supply ; pi. money for supplies ; public 
securities. — v. i. To provide or invest in funds. 

Fnn'da-ment (fiinM&-ment), n. The seat ; part 
of the body on which one sits ; anus. — Fim'- 
da-man'tal (-mSn'tal), a. Pertaining to the 
foundation or basis ; essential ; elementary. 

Fn'naor-al (fu'ner-al), n. 
The ceremony of buiying 
a body ; burial ; proces- 
sion at buriaL — a. Per- 
taining to burial. — Fu- 
ne're-al (fd-nS'r^-al), a. 
Suiting a funeral ; dismal. 

Fnn'gas (ffin'gfis), n. / pi. 
L. FuNOi (f ftn'jl), B. FuN- 
ousBS (ffin'gtts'Sz). A 
natural order of plants, 
comprehending m u s h - 
rooms, toadstools, mold, 
mildew, smut, etc. ; ex- 
crescence on a plant; 


a, e« I. o, G, long ; &, 6, 1, 5. 0, f, short ; senAte, fivent, tdea, 6bey, linite, c4re, Unn, &ik, nil, flnal. 




» mtmgy, morbid growth or granulation in ani- 
mal bodies ; proud flesh. — Fnn'gOlU (-gtts), a. 
Like a fungus ; excrescent ; growing suddenly, 
but not durable. — Fim-gOB-i-ty (ifin-gSB'T-tj^), 
n. Furious excrescence. 

Fn'nl-Ole (fu'ni-k'l), n. A small cord ; a liga- 
ture ; a fiber. — Fu-nlo'll-lar (f 6-nTk'd-ler), a. 
Consisting of a fiber ; dependent on the tension 
of a cord. 

Fwik (f link), n. A foul smell. — v. i. To stink. 

Funk ( f &nk ), n. Great fear and shrinking ; 
a panic, —v. t. To shrink ; to flinch. 

Fun'lLSl (ftbi'nfil), n. A vessel shaped like an in- 
yerted hollow cone for pouring liquid into a 
small orifice ; a tiumel ; a smoke pipe ; a flue. 

Fnn'liy (fiin'n^, a. Droll ; comical ; sportive. 

Fur (^ur), n. The short, fine, soft hair of certain 
animals ; skins of animals with the fur ; a coat- 
ing on the tongue of a feverish person. — v. t. 
[FuBSKD (fflrd) ; Fxtbhing.] To line with fur ; 
to cover (a wall) with strips of board, etc., as 
foundation for lathing or protection from 
damp. — Fnrfri-aor (ffir'rT-Sr), n. A dealer in 
furs. — Pm'rt-air-y (-er-y ), n. Furs, in general ; 
trade in furs. — pTlT'ry (ffir'ry), a. Covered 
with, dressed in, or consisting of, f ur^ — Fni'- 
Tingy n. A sheathing of boards, etc. 

Pnr^Uall (ffir'blsh), v. t. To scour to bright- 
ness ; to polish. 

Fnr'oate (ffir/kftt), a. Forked. 

Fntl-ons (fu'rl-tis), etc. See under Fubt, n. 

Purl (ffirl), V. t. [FuBLBO (fOrld); Fublino.] 
To wrap (a sail) close to the yard, stay, or mast. 

Pnr^lmig (f Qr'lSng), n. One eighth of a mile. 

Parlongh (ffirld), n. A leave of absence from 
military service. — v. t. To grant leave of ab- 
sence to (an officer or soldier). 

Fnr'nace (ffir'nis), n. A place inclosing a hot 
fire for melting ores, warming a house, baking 
bread or pottery, etc. 

For'niBll (ffir'nTsh), v. i. [Fubnibhsd (-nTsht) ; 
FuBNisHmo.] To supply ; to provide ; to equip. 
— Fnr'iiiBli-er, n. — Fiirld-tiire (ffii/nl-t Ar), n. 
That which furnishes ; outfit ; equipment. 

Par'rl-er, Tva'rj^ etc. See under Fub, n. 

Pnr'TOW (f&r'rt), n. A trench in the earth made 
by a j^ow ; a channel ; a groove ; a wrinkle. — 
V, t. To cut a furrow in ; to plow ; to mark with 
channels or wrinkles. 

Fmr'tlLaar (ffir'tfaSr), adv. To a greater distance ; 
moreover. — a. More remote ; beyond ; addi- 
tional. —V. t. To help forward ; to promote ; to 
advance ; to assist. — Fnr^tlier-er, n. ~ Fur'- 
tlm-onca (-ans), n. Advancement. — FOTtlier- 
mamf (-mor^), adv. & conj. Moreover ; besides. 
— Fnr'tlier-lllOSt' (-most'), a. Furthest.— 

Fmrthest (-tfaSst), a. Most remote ; farthesU 

— adv. At the greatest distance. 

Fiurtlyo (ffir'tlv), a. Got by theft or stealth ; 
sly ; secret; stealthy. — Fiur'ttva-ly, adv. 

FvfTJ (fu'rj^), n. Violent passion ; wrath ; r^e ; 
frenzy ; a turbulent woman ; a virago. — Fn'- 
rl-OllB (fu'rT-tis), a. Bi^^g ; mad ; frantic. 

Furze (ffirz), n. A thorny evergreen shrub; 
gorse ; whin. 

Fue (fuz), V. t. &i. To liquefy by heat ; to dis- 
solve ; to melt ; to blend. — Fn'al-ble (fu'zl-b'l), 
a. Capable of being melted. — Ftt'si-Uri-ty, n. 

— Fn'slon (f u'zh&i), n. A melting ; union of 
parties, interests, etc. 

Fnse (fuz). Fuze, n. A tube filled with combusti- 
ble matter, for blasting, discharging a shell, etc. 

— Fu-see' (f u-ze'), Fn'sll (fu'zXn, n. A tiiut- 
lock musket ; a fuse ; a match for lighting cigarei 

FiL-see'- (ffi-ze'), n. A conical whe^ of a watch 
or clock, to equalize the 
power of the mainspring. 

Fn'slon (fu^zhfin), n. See 
under Fusb, v. t. 

Fum (f &s), n. A tumult ; f Fusee, 

bustle. — V. i. [Fussed 
(f list) ; Fussing.] To make a bustle or ado ; 
to worry ; to be over busy. — Fuss'y (-^ ), a. 
Disposed to fuss ; busy about trifles. 

Fust (fQst), n. A strong, musty smell; musti- 
nesB. — Fiuif y {-^)t a. Musty ; rank ; rancid. 

Fustian (f tis'chan), n. Coarse ' twilled cotton 
stuff, including corduroy, velveteen, etc. ; in- 
flated writing ; swelling style ; bombast. — a. 
Made of fustiau ; pompous ; turgid ; bombastic. 

FUA'tlO (flis'tlk), n. The wood of a West India 
tree, used in dyeing yellow. 

Fu'tila (fu'tll), a. Useless ; vain ; trifling ; inef- 
fectual. — Fu-til'1-ty (ffi-tlll-ty), ». Want of 
effect; uselessness. , 

FuttOOk (flit'tQk), n. One of a ship's middle 
timbers between the floor and upper timbers, 
or of the timbers over the keel which form the 
breadth of the ship. 

Future (fu'tur), a. About to be; liable to be 
or come hereafter. — n. Time to come. — Fu- 
tuTl-ty (-tu'rt-ty), n. State of being yet to 
come ; the future ; future event. 

Fuze (fuz^, n. See Fuss, n. 

Fuzz (fliz), n. Fine, light particles ; loose, vola- 
tile matter. — v. i. To fly off in small particles. 

— Fuzz'y (-y), a. Like or having fuzz. 

Fy (fi), interj. A word of blame, dislike, disap- 
probation, or contempt. 

Fyke (fik), n. A long Img net distended by hoops, 
into which fish can pass, without being able to 

fdm, recent, Orb, r^de, f ^, Am, food, fcTot, out, oil, cbair, go, sins, igk, then, tliin* 





OtD (gSb), n. The moatb ; chatter ; loquacity. — 
V. i. [Gabbrd (gSbd); Gabbino.] To talk 
idly ; to prate. 

QaVm.9 (gSl/b'l), v. L To talk noisily ; to prate ; 
to jabber ; to babble ; to cackle. — n. Loud un- 
meaning talk ; rapid sounds, as of fowls. 

QanUe (gan)'l), n. Triangular end of a house from 
eaves to top. 

QttA (gSd), n. Point of a spear or arrow ; goad ; 
wedge. — V. t. [Gaddso ; GADDina.] To rove 
idly; to run wild. — Qad'-a-bont' (-&-boutO> 
Gad'dsr, n. — QadHy' (gSd'fli/), n. An insect 
which stings cattle, and depoeits eggs in their 

Ckiel (gal), n. ting. & pi, A Gelt, or the Celts, 
of Scotland or Ireland; a Scotch Highlander. 
— Oael'io (gal'Ik), a. Belonging to the Gael. 

Oait (gSf), n. A fisherman's barbed spear ; a spar 
extending the upper edge of a fore-and-«ft saiL 
—v. t. [GAmso (gSft) ; GAiriiia.] To spear 
with a gaJBf . 

ChlC> (g^;» v* ^* [Gaogsd (gSgd) ; Gasgino.] To 
stop the mouth of ; to silence ; to affect witli nau- 
sea. — V. i. To heave with nausea. ^ n. Some- 
thing thrust into the mouth to hinder speaking ; 
phrase introduced offhand into an actor's part. 

ChiCA (fi^j)* n. A pledge or pawn ; security ; chal- 
lenge to combat ; glove, gauntlet, etc., oust on 
the ground by the challenger, and taken up by 
the accepter of the challenge. — v, t. To bind 
by security ; to engage. 

GhlSO is^i)* ^ ^ measure. See Gaucw. 

Oaca (gaj), n. A kind of plum. 

GftPa-ty, Oaily. See under Gat, a. 

Qain (^n), n. A notch in a girder or other Um- 
ber, to receive the end of a floor beam. 

Oaln (gan), n. Profit ; advantage ; benefit ; ac- 
quisition ; accumulation. — v. t. To obtain ; to 
S»t ; to win ; to earu. — v. t. [Gainzd (gand) ; 
ADiiNO.] To grow rich ; to advance. 

Qaln^say' (gan'sS' or gan'saO> v. L [Gaikbaid 
(-sfid' or -aad') ; Gainsayino.'] To contradict ; 
to controvert ; to dispute. — Gain'say'er, n. 

Oatr'ish (gfirTsh), a. See under Gabish, a. 

Qait (gat), n. Walk ; way ; manner of stepping. 

Gkd'ter (ga'tSr), n. A cloth or leather covering 
for the ankle ; a kind of shoe, covering the ankle. 

(Hia (gala), n. Pomp ; festivity. — CkOa day. 
A day of festivity ; a holiday. 

Qal'az-y (gSrSks-j^), n. The belt of stars called 
also the Milky Way ; an assemblage of splendid 
persons or tilings. 

Gale (gal), n. A strong wind ; state of excitement, 
hilarity, or passion. -* v. i. To sail fast. 

Ga-lo'lia (gft-le'n&), n. Lead sulphide, the prin- 
cip>>i ore of lead. 

OftL (gftl), n, A bitter, alkaline, viscid liquid 

found in the gall bladder, beneath tiie liver; 
bitterness; malignity; impudence. 

Oall (g||l)» »• A vegetable excrescence produced 
by insects in bark or leaves of a plant. ^v.U 
[Gai^lbd (g^d); Gaujiio.] To impregnate 
with a decoction of gallnuts. — Oall'lLIlt', n. 
A round gall on certain oaks, yielding tannin, 
and used medicinally, as dyes, etc. — Gallic 
(gSllYk), a. Pertaining to nutgalls, etc. 

QaU (gftl), V. t. To fret and wear away by fric- 
tion ; to chafe ; to vex ; to annoy. — n. A wound 
made in the skin by rubbing. — Gall'illg, a. 
Irritating; vexatious. 

Gallant ( gSllant ), a. Showy ; splendid ; gay ; 
noble in bearing ; heroic ; brave. — Gallaat-ly, 
adv. <— Gallant-ry, Gallant-noM, ». 

Gal-lant' (gSl-lSnf ), a. PoUte and attentive to 
ladies ; cliivalrous. — n. A courtly or fasLioiv 
able man ; one attentive to ladies ; a lover ; a 
suitor ; a seducer. — v. ^ To attend er wait om 
(a lady). — Qal-lantay, adv. — GaXOaiit-ry, n. 
Attention to ladies ; seduction ; intrigue. 

QallO-on (gftia#-Qn), n. A large Spanish ship of 
the 15th centurv. 

Galler-y (gSlMSr-j^), n. A covered walk; a 
corridor ; an overhead platform along the sides 
of a church, theater, etc. ; a room for exhibi- 
tion of works of art ; a coUection of paintings, 
sculpture, etc. 

GalOmr (g»iy), «• ; pi- Galuto (-h«). a low, 

flat-built vessel, navigated with sails and oars; 
a light open boat ; a ship's .caboose or kitchen 
of a ship; a printer's tray for holding type. 

Gallic (gtaaik), a. See under Gall, vegeUbte 

QalOic (f^lTk), GalOi-oan (-IT-kon), a. Pertain- 
ins to Gaul or France ; French. 

Galai-na'ceouB (gSiai-na'shlls), a. Beaembling 
domestic fowls or pheasants. 

Gallon (gSlliin), n. A measure of four quarta. 

Gal-loon^ (gSl-lo5nO, n. A tapelike fabric for bind- 
ing clothes, shoes, etc. 

GslOop (gSl'l&p), V. i. [Gallopbd (-Ittpt) ; Gal- 
LOPiKG. ] To run with leaps, as a horse ; to move 
rapidly. — V. L To cause (a horse) to run rap> 
idly. — n. A running by leaps. 

Gal'lows (gSiaOs or -icz), n. A frame on which 
criminals are hanged, machinery suspended, etc 

Gal-van'ic (gSl-vSn^k), a. Pertaining to gidva- 
nism ; employing or producing electrical cur-^ 
rents. — Gal'va-nism (gSl'v&-mz'm), n. Elec- 
tricity developed by chemical action of certain 
liquids and metals ; dynamical electricity ; the 
science of galvanic electricity. — Gal'Va-nilt, n. 
One versed in galvanism. — Gal'va-niM (-nix), 
V, t. To effect with galvanism ; to plate or 
coat with metal, also to restore (an inanimate 

ft, e, I, o, a, long ; ft, £, 1, 5, il, f% short ; senftte, (vent, tdea, 6bey, linite, cftre, ftrm, ask, ^, flnali 




panon) to oonaciousoeBS, by galvanic action. — 
Gfllvantaod iron. Iron coated with zinc. 

OamOllo (gSmn>U), v. i, [Gambled (gSma>'ld) ; 
OAXELnna.] To play for money. —v. /. To lose 
by gaming. — Qsaao/hUir (gSm'blSr), n. 

Gflm-bose' (gSm-booj' or -bojOt n. A reddisb- 
yellow i^mn resm, tused as a pigment and as a 
cathartic medicine. 

GflBi1)0l (gSmn>Sl), n. A leaping in frolic ; skip ; 
hop ; prank. — t;. i. [Gaubolxd (-bSld) ; Gam- 
BOUNG.] To dsmce ; to skip about ; to frisk. 

GamlirM (s^m'brSl), n. The hind leg of a 
horse ; a stick crooked like a horse's leg, used 
by butchers for hanging meat. — Oamtou rooL 
A hipped roof ; curb roof. 

Game (gam), n. A sport of any kind ; frolic ; 
contrivance to furnish amusement ; animals pur- 
sued by aportsmen ; plan ; project, r- a. Beady 
to fight ; courageous ; pertaining to animals 
bunted for game. — v, i. [Gamed (gamd) ; 
Oaxxno.] To play at any sport or for a stake 
or prize ; to gamble. — Oame'lter (-stSr), n. A 

DCMm'ln (gSm^n; F. g&^mlN'), n. An^lected 
city boy ; a street Arab. 

Qfljn/^on (gSm'mttn), n. A thigh of a hog, 
smoked. — v. /. To salt and dry ; to make 
bacon of. 

Gflm'BlOll (gSm'mKn), n. Bac^;ammon ; an impo- 
sition or hoax ; humbug. ^ v. t. To impose 
upon ; to beat in the game of baekganunon. 

QtOBl'num (gSm'mtlu), V. t. To fasten (a bow- 
sprit) to tiie stem of a ship. 

GflBL'ut (ffSm'fit), n. The scale of musical notes. 

Oan'dar (gSn'dSr), n. The male of the goose. 

Gang (gimg), n. A number going in company ; 
crew ; squad ; set of similar instruments, to work 
together. — Oailg boazd or plank. A board 
used as a bridge to enter a ship. 

Qxaf^-m (s^n'glT-Qn), n. A collection of nerve 
c^Lb ; a Ijrmphatic gland ; an indolent tumor 
situated on a tendon. 

Oanfgrsiie (gSn'gren), n. Mortification of living 
fleatu — t'. t. & i, t^AiTOHBiiBD (-grend) ; Gait- 
oBBHxire.] To mortify. — Oan'gxa-nons (-gr^- 
ntts), a. Mortified ; putrified. 

Qang^Kf' (gSng'wa^), n. A passage or way, into 
asiiip or inclomd place. 

OfULliet (gSn'nfit), n. A sea fowl allied to the 

GhUltlet (gSnflSt), n. A military punishment in 
which two lines of men struck the offender as 
he passed between them. 

GhUlt^Ot, n. See GAinrrLBT, a glove. 

Oap(gSp)in. An opening; a breach. -•«./. To 
bre8M!li ; to notch. 

Oape (gap; in Eng. pron, gap), V. i, [Gaped 
(gapt or gapt) ; Gapino.] To open the mouth 
wide ; to gaze ; to yawn. — n. Act of gaping. 

Oar (gar), n. A slender fish Of the pike kind. 

Oa'XfU^e' (gA'r&zh'), n. A place where motor 
vehicles are kept and cared for. 

Oaxll (garb),'n. Dress; appearance.*- v. /. To 
clothe; to habit. 

Garntego (ri&r^tj), n. Offal ; nfose. 

aaxOflo (^'b*l), V. t. To sift or bolt; to pick 
out parts fitted to serve a purpose ; to mutilate ; 
to corrupt. — Oartiler, n. 

Qai/dOll (gSr'd'n), n. A place for cultivaUnff 
plants, fruits, flowers, or vegetables ; well cm- 
tivated tract of country. — v. i. To cultivate a 
garden. — Ckur'dm-er (-er), n. — Oar'deiL-liig, 
n. Act of cultivating gardens ; horticulture. 

Ckur'gle (gar'g'l), v. t. To wash or rinse (the 
mouth or throat). — n. A liquid for washing 
the mouth and throat. 

CkurlBh (gilr'Ysh), a. Showy; ostentatious; 
gaudy. — Oar'ish-ly, adv. — aar'lsh-neas, n. 

.CraXlaBd (gSrIand), n. A wreath of flowers. — 
r. t. To crown. 

Garlio (gSr'lIk), n. A bulbous plant of very 
strong smell and pungent taste. 

Gax'teailt (gSr'ment), n. An article of clothing. 

Oaxfnar (gw/nSr), n. A mmary ; a place where 
grain is stored. ^ v. t. To store in a granary. 

Ckufnat (gUr'nSt), n. A mineral or gem, often of 
deep red color. 

Chu/net (gSr'nSt), n. A tackle for hoisting cargo 
into and out of ships. 

Oar'nlsll (p&r%Tsh), v. t [Gabioshed (-nTsht) ; 
Gabhishino.I To adorn ; to embellish ; to warn 
(a person holding property seizable for debt). -» 
n. A decoration ; an ornament round a dish. 

Cku'tet (gSr'rSt), n. That part of a house next 
under the roof ; attic. 

(}ax']l4Min (gSrM-s'n), n. A body of troops in a 
fort. ^ v. t. [Garbisombd (-s'nd^; Gaebison* 
INO.] To place troops in (a fortress) for defense ; 
to defend bv fortresses manned with troops. 

Ckurtn-lons (gSr^-ltls), a. Given to long, prosy 
talk, with excessive detail ; loiiuacious. — CkUT- 
ruli-ty (-rDlT-tj^), n. Talkativeness ; loquacity. 

Gkurter (g^r'tSr), n. A band to hold up a stock- 
ing.— 17. L [Gabtbbbd (-tSrd); GABTBEiNa.] 
To fix (a stocking) in place with a garter. 

CkU (fi^), »• An aeriform elastic fluid ; a mixture 
of particular gases for illuminating purposes. — 
CtaS'sy (-^)i O" Full of or like gas ; boastful. 
— CkUt'-lraxiI'ar, n. The part of a gas flxture 
where gas is burned as it escapes from the 
pipe. — Oas OOaL Goal rich in volatile mat- 
ters, and suited for manufacture of illumina- 
ting gas. — Oas meter. An instrument record- 
ing the consumption of gas. — Oas StOVe' A 
stove in which gas is used as fuel. — Oas well. 
A hole bored in the earth, whence natural gas 
escapes. — Gas works. A manufactory of gas. 
— Gas'e-OIIB (gfis'^-lis or gSzM, a. In the form 
of gas ; without solidity or substance. 

Oa8'0On-ade'(gSs0cSn-Sd'),n. A boasting; vaunt; 
bravado.— v.i. To boast; to brag; to bluster. 

QflUSdl (gSsh), V. I. To make a 'deep cut in (flesh, 
etc.). — n. A deep and long cut. 

Qas'ket (gSs^fit), n. A plaited cord, to lash the 
sail, or tie it-to the 3rard when furled ; hemp for 
packing a piston ; ring or washer of packing. 

Oas'o-llne (gSs'^-lTn or -len), Gas'o-lene (-len), n. 
Volatile fluid composed of hydrogen and carbon. 

ISm, recent, 6rb, rvde, f yll* ftm* iood, f dbt, out, oil, chair, go, mng, ink, tben, thin. 




GftS-Oin'0-tsr (gSa-Sm'^tSr or gSz-)t n. A reaer- 
voir for holding and measuring gas. 

Ckup (gAsp), V. t. [Oasfed (g&spt); Oaspino.] 
To labor for breath ; to pant. — v. /. To emit 
with gaspings. — n. A labored respiration ; 
a painud catching of the breath. 

Oaa'ay, a. See mider Gas, n. 

Qas'tno (gSs'trTk), a. Belonging to the stomach. 

CkUI-troil'O-my (gas-tr5n'o-mj^), n. Art or sci- 
ence of good eating ; epicurism. — Qas ' tro - 

nome (gSs'tri-nom), Cka-tron'o-mer (gSs-trSn'- 
o-mSr), Qas-tron'O-mlst (-mist), ». One fond 
of good living ; an epicure. 

Qata (^at), n. A passageway in a wall ; a frame 
of timber, etc., which closes a passage; a 
frame stopping passage of water through a dam 
or lock ; a means of entrance. — Oate'way' 
(gat'wa^), n. A passi^^ through a fence or 
wall ; a frame, arch, etc., in which a gate is hung. 

Qatll'er (gStfa'Sr), v. t. & i. [Oathebed (-Srd) ; 
Gathbrino.] To collect; to congregate; to 
assemble ; to infer. — n. A plait or fold in 
cloth. — aatlL'er-er (-er-er), n. — QatlL'er-ing, 
n. A collection ; assembly ; tumor ; abscess. 

Qaud (gftd)) n. A bit of worthless finery ; a 
trinket. — Oaud'y (gftd'S^)* a. Ostentatiously 
fine. — Qaud'i-ly, adv. — aandl-ness, n. 

Qai]|;e (gSj), v. t [Gauged (gajd); Gauoino 
(ga'jTng).J To measure the contents 
or capacity of ; to estimate. — n. A 
measure ; a standard. — Oau'ger, n. 

Qaunt (gSnt), a. Lean ; meager ; grim. 

Qannt'let (gautlSt), n. A long glove 
to protect the hand. 

Qaiiza (g^)f n. A very thin, transpar- 
ent stuff, of silk or linen, also of 
woven wire. — (Hnzo, Qtaa'J (gRz'y ), 
a. Thin ; slight ; unsubstantiid. 

(tevo (gav), imp. of Give. 

Qav'el (gSv'Sl), n. A small heap of 
grain, not tied up. 

Gav'el (gSv'81), n. The mallet of a 
presiding ofBcer, also that of a stonemason. 

Qa'Vl-al (ga'vt-al), n. A large Asiatic crocodile ; 
the nako. 

Oawk (gftk), n. A cuckoo ; a simpleton ; a boobjr. 
— r. i. To act like a gawky. -^ Qawk'y (gftk^), 
a. Foolish and awkward ; clumsy ; clownish. 

— n. An awkward or a stupid fellow. 

Gay (g5), a. Merry ; gleeful ; lively ; sprightly ; 
fine ; showy ; lewd. — Q-ai'ly, (Jayly, adv. — 
Qai'e-ty, Oay'e-ty {-t-tf),n. Liveliness; ani- 
mation ; vivacity ; glee. 

Gaze (gaz), V. i. [Gazed (gazd) ; Gaziito (ga'- 
zTng).] To look intently; to gape; to stare. 

— n. A fixed, eager, or wondering look. 
(H-zelle' (g&-zSl'), n. A small, swift, elegantly 

formed anteloptf of Northern Africa. 
Qa-ZOtte' (gft-z8t'), n. A newspaper.— v. t. [Ga- 
zetted ; Gazetting.] To announce ofBcially. 

— Qaz^et-teer' ( g«z / gt - ter' ), n. A writer of 
news ; a geographical dictionary. 

Gear (ger^, n. Goods ; dress ; a toothed wheel in 
a machme; gearing. —v. /. [Geabed (gerd); 


Gkasing/] To dress ; to put on gear ; to har- 
ness. — Geaz'lxig, n. Harness ; parts of a xna> 
chine which transmit motion. 

Geo (je), V. i. [Geed (jed) ; Geeing (jS'Tng).] 
To turn (horses or oxen) to the off side, or from 
tilid dirivGT 

Gel'a-tln (jSl'&-tTn), Gel'a-tlne, n. Animal jelly ; 
a substance formed by boiling tendons, bones, 
etc., and used in making isinglass, glue, etc., as 
food, in photography, etc. — Cto-lat'i-nate (j6- 
IStl-nat), Ge-latTnize (-niz), V. t. & i. To 
make into, or become, gelatin. — Ge-lat'l-na'- 
tlon (-nS'shttn), n. Act or process of gelatina- 
ting. — Ge-laVi-nons (-n&s), a. Of the nature 
of gelatin ; viscous. 

Geld (gSld), V. t. [Gelded (gSld'Sd) or Gelt 
(gglt) ; Gelding.] To emasculate ; to expurgate. 

— Geld'ing, n. 

(Jem U^ii^)i ^' ^ ^ud ; precious stone ; jewel. — ■ 
V. t. [Gemmed (j8md) ; Gemming.] To adorn or 
embellish, as with gems. — Gem'niy (jSm'mj^), 
a. Like gems ; bright ; sparkling. 

llGem'i-nl (jSmT-ni), n. pi. The Twins, a constel- 
lation containing two bright stars, Castor and 
PoUux; third sign of the zodiac, which the sub 
enters about May 25. 

Gem'mate (gfim'mtt), a. Having, or reproducing 
by, buds. — Gem-ma'tlon (jSm-ma'shSn), n. 
The formation of a new individual (animal or 
vegetable) by budding ; the arrangement of buds 
on the stidk ; the period when buds expand. 

llGen'danne' (zhaN'darm'), n. A French armed 

Goi'der (jSnMSr), n. Classification of nouns ac- 
cording to sex. — t;. t. [Gendered (-dSrd); 
Gendering.] To beget ; to engender. 

G«l'e-al'C-gy (jSn't-Sl'6-J3^), n. History of de- 
scent from an ancestor ; pedigree ; lineage. -^ 
Gen'e-al'O-giat (-jTst), n. A student of gene> 
aiogy. — Gen'e-a-log'ic-al (jSn'e-i-l»j1-kal), a. 
Pertaining to genealogy. 

Gen'e-xa (jSn'$-r&), n., pi. of Genus. 

Gen'er-al (jSn'Sr-al), a. Relating to a genus or 
kind; common; comprehensive; universal.*— 
n. The whole ; total ; commander of an army. 

— Gen'er-al-ly, adv. In general ; commonly ; 
upon the whole. — GezL'sr-al-iieBs, n. — Geii^er- 

al-ls'sl-mo (-Ts'st-mo), n. Commander in chief. 

— Gen'er-all-ty (-«l'i-ty), n. State of being 
general ; a general or vi^^e statement or 
phrase ; main body ; bulk ; greatest part. — 
Gen'er-al-ize (-al-Iz), v. t. To state or view 
generally or comprehensively. — Gen'er-al-l- 
zation (-T-za'-sh&n), n. Act of generalizing; 
a general statement. — Gen'er-al-sUp, n. The 
office or functions of a general ; military skill 
and conduct. 

Gen'er-ate (jSn'Sr-at), v. t. To beget ; to produce ; 
to cause. — Gen'er-a'toT (-S'tSr), n. — Gen'er- 

a'tlon (-a'shtln), \i. A generating ; production ; 
formation ; offspring ; mass of facings living at 
one period; average lifetime of man, or one 
third of a century. 

Ge-nei/lG (jS-ngrmc), Ge-ner'lc-al (-T-kai), a. 

S, e, 1, 5, a, long ; ft, «, 1, 5. a, f, short : senAte. «yent, tdaa. 6bey. finite, e4re, j&rm, ask, nil, final, 




Pertaining to a genus or kind; yery c<nnpre- 
henaive. — Oe-ner'ic-al-ly, adv. 

Ctan'er-0118 (jSu^r-iis), a. Liberal; magnan- 
imous ; bountiful. — Qen ' er - OUB - ly, adv. — 
Gton^er-OS'l-ty (-56^-ty^, n. Quality of being 
generous ; nobleness ; liberality ; munificence. 

Ctol'^siS (jSn^i^-sts), n. Act of producing ; ori- 
gin ; the first book of the Old Testament, which 
relates the creation of the world. 

Gon'ial (jen'yal or je'nT-al), a. Contributing to 
production ; cheerful ; sympathetic. — G^nl- 
al'l-ty (je^nT-fflt-ty or jen-ySlt-ty), n. 

Qen'i-tal (jSuT-tar), a. Pertaining to generation. 

Qen^i-tlye (jSn^-ttV), a. Pertaining to a case in 
the declension of nouns, expressing source or 
relation. — n. The possessive case. 

QAE'i-tor (jSn1-t5r), n. One who procreates; 
a sire ; a father. 

CtalL'llU (jen'yiis), n. A good or evil spirit or de- 
mon, anciently believed to shape a man's des- 
tiny ; each person's natural structure of mind ; 
special taste or disposition ; mental sliperiority ; 
power of invention or origination of any kind ; 
vigor of mind ; talent 

CtalrteeK (j6n-tel'), a. Polished in manners ; well- 
bred ; polite ; refined ; elegant ; fashionable. — 
Gtan-teelly, adv, — Oen-teel'beBS, Otn-til'i-ty 
(-tT11-ty), n. 

OtntlaiL (jfin'shan or -shT-an), n. A flowering 
plant, with a bitter root used medicinally. 

Gen'tllo (jSn'til^, n. One of a non-Jewish race ; 
one neither Jew nor Christian ; a heathen. ^ 
a. Belonging to pi^;an or heathen people, — 
denoting a race or country. 

G«&'tle (jSn't'l), a. [Okntlsr (-tlSr) ; Gentlbst 
(-tl6at^.] Well-bom ; of good family or respect- 
able birth ; refined in manners ; placid ; quiet ; 
peaceful; tame; docile. — Om'tly, adv. — 
Ofln'tle-ness, n. — Otn-tU'i-ty aSn-tnt-tj^), n. 
Gtood birth ; demeanor of well-bom persons as 
to self-respect, dignity, courage, courte^, etc. ; 

Sood breeding. —Otlltle-folk (-fok), Gen'tla- 
)lks (-foks), n. pi. Persons of good breeding 
and family. — Oen'tle-man (-man), n. A man 
bom of good family ; one of refined manners. 
— Gen^ue-man-Uke', Oen'tle-man-ly i-if), a. 
Polite ; refined. — Oen'tle-wem'an (-wd6m'an), 
n. A woman of good family or good breeding ; 
an attendant on a lady of high rank. 

Ctentry (jSn'trj^), n. People of good breeding ; 
in England, the class between the nobility and 
the vulgar. 

Oen^n-fleo'tion (jSu^u-flSk'shtin or je'nu-), n. A 
bending the knee, as in worship. 

Oen'n-lne (jSn'u-Tn), a. Free from adulteration ; 
real ; pure ; unalloyed. — Oen'n-lne-ly, adv. 

G^nUB (je'ulis), n.; pi. Genkra (j6n4-r&). A 
class embracing many species. 

Oe-Og^ra-pliy (je-8g'r4-fj^), n. Science of the 
world and its inhabitants ; a description of the 
earth. — Q^-Off'ra-pher (-f<Br), n. One versed in 
geography.— Ge^o-gTaph'lG (je/ft-gr5ftk), Oe'O- 
graph'lo-al (-T-kalT, a. Pertaining to geogra- 

Oe-Ol'O-cy (i^-^'^'if)* ^' Science of the stmo- 
ture and mineral constitution of the globe. ■— 
Oe-Ol'O-gsr (-jer), Q«-oPo-glst (-jlst), n. One 
versed in geology. — Oo-Ol'O-gize (-jiz), v. i. To 
study geology. — Oe^o-log'lc (je^d-lSjTk), Oe'- 
0-lOg'lc-al (-T-kal), a. Pertaining to geology. 

Ge-om'd-tiy (jS-5m'e-tr^), n. Science of j^uantity 
and mensuration. — Gre-0]ll'&-ter (-S-ter), 06- 
em^e-trl'Clan (-Sm^^trTsh'an), n. One skilled 
m geometry.— Oe^o-met'rlo (jS^i-mgt'rlk), Qe^. 
O-met'rlo-al (-rT-kal), a. Pertaining, or accord- 
ing, to geometry. — Oe^o-motllo-al-ly, adv. 

Cto-ra'ni-nm (jt-rS'nT-tim), n. A plant having 
showy flowers and a pungent odor. 

Genu (jerm), n. That which is to develop an em- 
-bryo ; source ; origin ; first principle. — Ger'mi- 
Glde ( jSr'mT-sid), a. Destractive to germs, esp. 
to living bacterial germs which occasion disease. 

— n. A preparation for destroying germs. 
Oer'man (jer'nutn), Oi Nearly related ; closely 

G«r'llian (jer'man), n. A citizen, also the Ian- 
guage, of (Germany; a round dance with in- 
volved figures, or a party where this dance is 
performed.-* a. Pertaining to Germany, its 
people, or lang^uage. — GerloaiL-isiIl (-Iz'm), 
n. A German idiom. — Oezman silver. An 
alloy of copper, zinc, and nickel. — German 
SteeL A metal made in charcoal forges of bog 
iron or sparry carbonate. — German text A 
character resembling German type, used for or- 
namental headings, etc. 

5^* 2rf)ta line is in (Snman STcit. 

Ger-mane' (jSr-mSnO, a. Closely allied ; appro- 
priate; relevant. 

Gmr'ml-nate ( jSr^T-nSt), v. i. To sprout ; to bud ; 
to shoot. ^- v. t. To cause to sprout. — Ger'mi- 
na'tlon (-na'shiin), n. A sprouting; time in 
which sc^s vegetate. — Gex'mi-nal (-mT-nal), 
a. Pertaining to a germ. 

Gesture (jSs'tur), n. A motion of body or limbs 
expressive of sentiment or passion. — Ges'tnre, 
Ges-tic'll-late (-tTk'fi-lat), «./.&«. To repre- 
sent by gesture ; to act. 

Get (gSt), V. t. [imp. GtoT (g5t), Obs. Gat (gSt) ; 
p. p. Got, Obsolescent Gotten (g5ft'n) ; Get- 
ting.] To procure ; to obtain ; to win ; to beget ; 
to procreate ; to commit to memory ; to per- 
suade. — 17. t. To gain ; to become. 

GeWgaw (gu'ga), n. A showy trifle ; a bauble. 

Gey'ser (gi'aSr* or -zer), n. A boiling spring, 
which spouts forth water, mud, etc., in jets. 

Ghastly (g&stlj^), a. [Ghastlieb ; Ghastliest.] 
Ghost-like ; deathly pale ; shocking ; dreadful. 

— adv. In a ghastly manner ; hideously. 
Ghost (gost), 71. The spirit ; soul of man ; disem- 
bodied spirit of one deceased ; an apparition. — 
Ghosfly {-\f)t a. Relating to the soul ; not 
carnal or secular ; spiritual ; pertaining to ap- 

Ghoul (gool), n. A demon of the Persians, sup- 
posed to prey upon human bodies. 
Gl'ant (jl'ont), n. A man of extraordinary bulk 

fSni, recent, drb, r||de, f^ fkm, food, f<jbt, out, oil, ebair, go, buik, ink, thea, ttain. 




and ■feature. -"O. Like a giant; extraordinary 
in aize, strength, or power. — Ql^ant-MS (ji'ant- 
6a), n. A female giant. 

QUrttIt (JYb^t), n. A kind of gallows ; project- 
ing beam of a crane; jib.— v. /. [Oxbbktsd; 
OiBBBTiNO.] To hang on a gibbet; to expose 
to infamy. 

Qib^bon (gTb'bOn), n. A long-armed, climbing 
Asiatic ape. 

OiVbons (gTb'btiB), a. Protuberant ; convex. — 
aiVboiUkneas, aib-bos'i-ty (-bBe'I-l^), n. 

OlbO (jib), V. i. & i. To rail ; to taunt ; to aooff ; 
to deride. •— n. Scoff ; sneer. 

Olblets (jTbaBts), n. pi. Edible parts of a fowl 
removed before cooking, as the heart, liver, 
gizzard, etc. 

CHd'dy (gTd'dy), a. [Giodibb; Oiddikst.] Light- 
headed ; dizzy ; unstable ; changeable ; tnought- 
less ; excited. — v. i. To tiim rapidly ; to reel, 
^-v. L To render unsteady. 

Gut (gtft), n. A thing given or bestowed ; quality 
or endowment ; present ; grant ; bounty ; tal- 
ent; faculty. ^v. t [Gifted; GirriNa.] To 
endow with some power or faculty. 

Big (gYg)f »• A whirling thing ; top ; light, tWo- 
wheeled, one-horse 
carriage; small, light 

CHC(K^g)fn' A spear; 
harpoon. — V. t. & i. 
To fish with a Rig. 

CH-gUl'tio (jt-gSu'tTk), 
a. Like a giant ; huge ; 
very great or mighty. 

Olg'gle (gYg'g'l)i V. i. To laugh in a sill^ manner, 
with short catches of the breath ; to titter. — n. 
A titter. — aig'glttr (-gl8r), n. 

OUd (gTld), V. t. \QiLDVD or Gilt (gTlt) ; Gild- 
mo.j To overlay with gold ; to illuminate ; to 
brighten ; to give a fair external appearance to. 
— OUd'er, n. — Qild'inf , n. The art of over- 
layinff with gold; gold m leaf, liquid, powder, 
etc., for such application; superflcialappearance. 

QUI (gH), n. The organ of respiration in fishes; 
a flap below the beiUs of a bird ; flesh under the 
chin ; a comlr for dividing flax fiber in spinning. 

0111 (jTl), n. A measure ; one fourth of a pint. 

0111 (jTl), n. A sweetheart ; wanton girl ; ground 
iW ; malt liquor medicated with ground ivy. 

OllOle (jlliy), Cmiy, n. A boy ; a manservant ; 
a male attendant iu the Scottish Highlands. 

Oilly-flOW^er (jTllj^-flou'Sr), n. A cruciferous 
plant called also stock; a purplish red apple. 

out (gTlt), imp. & p. p. of Gild. — n. Gold laid 
on the surface of a thing ; gilding. 

Olmlial (gYm'bal), n. A com- 
bination of rings suspend- 
ing a compass, etc., in a 
constant position. 

Olin'cniGk' (jTm^rSkO, n. A 
trivial mechanism; a de- 
vice ; a toy. 

Oimlet (gTmlSt), n. A small 
tool for boring holes. 


CMmp (gtmp), n. A narrow silk, woolen, or oot> 
ton edging, for trimming dresses, etc. 

Qln (jYii)i **• ^ strong alcohoUo liquor, diatiUed 
from rye and barley. 

Oln (jTn), n. A machine for lifting, hoisting, etc. ; 
also, one for separating the seeds from cotton. 
— V. t. [GiNHKO (jtnd) ; GnraiKG.] To clear 
of seeds by a machine. 

OlB'ger (jTn'jer), n. A plant of the Eaat and 
West Indies, the spicy root of which is used in 
cookery and medicine. — Oln'ger- 'broad'' 
(-brBd'), n. Sweet cake flavored with ginger. 

OlB'ger-ly (XinfjerAf), adv. Nicely; dainUly. 

Olng'liam (ging'am), n. Linen or cotton doth, 
the yam of which is 
dyed before it is woven. 

OlB'8eilg(jTn's8ug),n. A 
plant, and its root used 
medicinally by the Chi- 

Olp (jTp), V. t. To take 
out the fintrails of (her- 

Glp'BY, n. & a. See QmY. 

01-ri£e'(jt-rSfO,«i. The 
camelopard, an African 
quadruped, whose very 
long fore legs make it 
the tallest of animals, 
sometimes twenty feet 
iu height. 

Olrd (gerd), n. A stroke i 
of a rod ; a twitch ; a (OiT 
pang; a sarcastic re- 
mark; a gibe.— V. t. & i. 
To mock ; to deride. — 
Olrd'er, n. A satirist. 

Gird (gSrd), V. t. [GiBT 
(gSrt) orGiBDBD ; Gird- 
mo.] To encircle with a flexible band ; to secure 
(clothing) by binding with a cord, bandage, etc ; 
to encircle ; to inclose ; to dress ; to equip. — 
Glrd^aor (-Sr^, n. A principal timtier in a floor, 
girding or bmding the others t<wether ; a beam 
supported at both ends. — Glr'dAa (gSr'd'l), n. 
That which encircles ; a belt ; a circumference. 
»- V. t. To gird ; to inclose ; to environ ; to 
make a circular incision through (the bark and 
alburnum of a tree) to kill it. 

Girl (gSrl), n. A female child ; young woman. — 
GlrrhOOd (-hd6d), n. State or time of being a 
girl. — GlrFlsh, a. Like a girl ; befitting a girl ; 
pertaining to the youth of a woman. 

Girt (gSrt), imp. & p. p. of Gird. — r. t. To gird ; 
to surround. — Gut, Girth (gerth), n. A band 
encircling the body or securing a saddle upon 
the back of a horse ; a measure round the waist 
or belly ; the circumference of anything. 

Gist (jYst), n. The main point of a question ; the 
pith of a matter. 

Give (giv), V. t. & i. {imp. Oavb (giv) ; p. p. 
Given (gTv''n) ; GrviKo.] To bestow ; to grant ; 
to yiela ; to allow ; to utter. — Glv'sr, n. 

Glz'lard (gTz'zSrd), ». The muacular stomach 


fia S« I| 5, a, hng ; A, 4^, 1, 5, 0, j^, short ; MnAte, Avent, tdaa. 6bey. finite. eAia. ilnn. aak, ulL IIb«L 




of a fowl, also of some ixiBects, invertebnteo, 
and molluaks. 
Gla'dal (jgWabal or -shT-al), a. Pertaining to ice 
or its action ; icy ; having a glassy appearance. 

— GUt'deir (gli'shSr or glSs'i-Sr), n. A mass of 
ice formed in the region of perpetual auow, ^d 
moving slowly down mountun slopes or valleys. 

Glad (glSd)) <>• [Oladder ; Glaodkst.] Well 
contented ; joyous ; pleased ; cheering ; exhila- 
rating ; aninuuting. •— v, t. [Oladdbd ; Glad- 
DiHO.] To make glad ; to cheer ; to gladden. 

— Gladly, adv. — aiad'ness, n. — Olad'den 
(gUtd'd^n), v.t.&i. To make or become glad. 

— Glad'aome (-sQm), a. Joyful ; cheerful. 
Glade (glSd), n. An open passage through a 

wood ; a cleared Bpa4:eiB a forest. 

Glad'i-ata (glSit-at), a. Sword-shaped.— aiad^- 
1-a'tor (-a'ter), n. A prize-fighter in ancient 
Rome, who fought in public games. 

Gla-di'O-lns (gl^l-di'd-ltiB), n. A plant having bulb- 
ous roots and gladiate leaves. 

Gladly, etc. See under Glad, o. 

Glair (glfir), n. White of an egg ; a viscous, 
transparent substance. —v. /. [Glaibbd (glfird) ; 
Glaibino.] To smear. — Glalx'y (-^), a. Slimy. 

Glanoa (glms), n. A sudden shoot of light or 
splendor ; quick look ; glimpse ; mineral hav- 
ing metaUic luster, —v. 1. [Glanobd (gl&n^) ; 
GuurciMG (gl&n'sTng).] To shoot a ray of 
light ; to fly off obliquely ; to snatch a momen- 
ttury view ; to make an incidental reflection ; to 
allude ; to be visible for an instant ; to twinide. 
^ V. t. To dart suddenly or obliquely. 

Gland (glSnd), n. A fleshy organ of secretion in 
animals and plants ; a small prominence ; a cover 
of a stnfBng box in machinery. — Olan'dMB 
(glln'dSrz), n. A contagious disease of the 

flaods of the lower jaw of horses, mules, etc. — 
^laa-dlf^aaF-OIUI (-dTfSr-lis), a. Bearing acorns 
or other nuts. — Glan'du-lar (glSnMtt-lSr), a. 
Cantaining or consisting of glands. — Olan'dQ- 
lons (-dd-lfis), a. Containing, consisting of, 
pertaining to, or resembling, inlands. 

Glure (glfir), V. i. To shine with a bright, daz- 
zling light ; to look with fierce, piercing eyes ; 
to t^ ostentatiously splendid, —v. t. To shoot 
out (dazzling light). — n. Bright light ; a fierce 
look ; glassy surface. — Glaring, a. Clear ; no- 
torious ; open and bold ; barefaced. 

Glass (gUUi)) *>• A hard, transparent substance, 
form^ by fuang sand with alkalies; a thing 
made of glass; a looking-glass; mirror; an 
hourglass ; a drinking glass ; tumbler ; an optical 
glass ; lens ; spy-glass ; barometer ; pi. specta- 
cles.— v./. [Glasssd (gl&st) ; GLAssmo.] To 
cover with glMS ; to glaze. — Olass'y (-y ), a. 
Hade of or like glass ; vitreous ; smooth, brit- 
tle, or transparent ; dull, lifeless, or lackluster. 
— Glass'i-ness, n. — Olassfnl, n. Contents 
of a glass. — Olaza (glaz), v. t. To furnish (a 
wiiM^w, picture, etc.) with glass ; to cover with 
a glacMlike surface ; to render smooth and glossy. 
^ V. i. To become glazed or glassy. — Olaz'or 
(-ft*), n. One who glazes ; machine or tool for 

polishing, smoothing, etc. — Gla^tr (gUE^zharji, 
n. One who sets glass. — Olai/tBg, n. The act 
or art of setting glass, polishing, rendering 
glossy, etc. ; glossy substance for overlaying a 
surface ; a transparent color in painting. 

Qleam (glem), n. A shoot of light ; beun ; ray. 
—V. i. [Glkambd (glemd); GLKAKiNa.] To 
dart (rays of light) ; to glimmer ; to glitter. 

Olean (glen), v. t. & i. [Glsaneo (glend); 
Glbakutg.] To gather after a reaper ; to col- 
lect with minute labor. — CMean'ar, n. 

Olebe (gleb), n. Turf ; soil ; land belonging to a 

J[>ari8h church. 
ee (gle), n. Joy ; merriment ;' a musical com- 
position for three or more voices. — Olee'flll 
(-fyl), a. Merry ; gay. 

Olen (gISn), n. A secluded, narrow valley ; dale. 

Olib (glib), a. [Glibber ; Glibbest.] Slippery ; 
smooth; fluent; voluble; flippant. 

Qlide (gild), V. i. [Glided ; Glidiko.] To move 
gently ; to flow smoothly. 

OUm (glTm), n. A light or candle. — QVLmfmiBI 
(gllm'mSr), v. i. [Gt.tmmkred (-mSrd^ ; Glim- 
mebino.] To give feeble rays of light ; to shine 
faintly ; to glitter, ^n. A faint light. 

OUmpso (glTms), n. A sudden flaish; a short, 
hurried view. — v. i. To appear by glimpses. — 
V. t. To catch a glimpse of ; to see by glimpses. 

OlisOen (glTs^n). v. i. [Glistened (-'nd) ; Glib- 
TENiNG Pn-Yi^).] To iq>arkle ; to shine with a 
mild and fltf ul luster. 

aiister (glTs'tSr), V. i. [Glebtebto (-tSrd); 
GusTEEiNo.] To sparkle ; to glisten. 

aUtter (glTt'ter), V. i. [Glittesed (-tSrd); 
Glittebino.] to sparkle with light ; to gleam ; 
to glare. — n. A sparkling light ; brilliancy. 

Oloam (gl3m), V. t. To grow dusk. — Gloam'lngi 
n. Twilight; dusk. 

Oloat (glStT, V. i. To look steadfastly; to gaze 
with mahguaut satisfaction, passionate desire, 
lust, avarice, etc. 

Olobe (gl5b), n. A round body ; a ball ; a sphere ; 
the earth. — Olobtl-lar (gl5b'u-lSr), a. Globe- 
shaped ; spherical. — OloB'nle (-61), n. A little 
globe ; a small spherical particle of matter. 

Oloom (^15om), n. Partial or total darkness; 
obscurity; heaviness; melancholy; sadness.— 
V. i. [Gloomed ( glo5md ) ; Glooiono.] To 
shine obscurely; to appear dismal or gloomy. 
»-v. t. To render gloomy ; to make dismal or 
sullen. — Oloom'y (glSdm^), a. Imperfectly 
illuminated ; dim ; dismal ; sullen ; sad. 

Olo'ry (glS'rj^), n. Praise; honor; grandeur; 
heaven.— v. i. [Gloried (-rTd) ; Glortiko.] 
To exult ; to rejoice ; to boast ; to be proud of. 
>-(}lO'rl-011s(-rT-tl8),a. Splendid; illustrious; 
renowned. — Olo'ri-fy (-rt-fi), v. t. To adore ; 
to extol. — Olo^rl-fl-oa'tioil ( - fT - kS ' shiin ), n. 
Act of giving glory ; state of being glorified. 

OlOBS (glSfi), n. Brightness ; luster from a smooth 
surface ; polish ; specious appearance. — v, t. 
[Glossed (gl5st) ; Glossing.] To give gloss or 
luster to ; to make smooth or shining. — OlOSS'y 
(glQs^j^), a. Smooth ; shining ; plausible. 

fSm, recent, 6rb, rude, t^fiU ftm. fdbd. f tfbt, out, oil« oliair, go, nns, ink. ttiaiit tlUn. 




QlOM (gl8s), ». An interpretation ; commentary ; 
f alae or spiBcioua explanation. — v. t. To render 
specious and plausible ; to illustrate ; to explain. 
mm V. i. To comment ; to make explanatory or 
sly remarks. — QlOE/sa-ry (-s&-rj^), n. A vocab- 
ulary of words requiring elucidation. 

Oloas^} a. See under Gloss, brightness. 

Qlova (gltiv), n. A cover for the hand, with a 
separate sheath for each finger. ^ v. t. [Oiovsd 
felCLvd) ; Gloving.] To cover with a glove. — 
Qloy'er, n. One who makes and sells gloves. 

Glow (glo), V. i. [Glowed (glod); Glowing.] 
To shine with intense heat ; to be bright with 
animation, blushes, etc. — n. Shining heat ; in- 
candescence ; redness ; intense excitement or 
earnestness. — Olow'worm^ (glo'wQrmO, n. A 
coleopterous insect, the wingless female of 
which emits, in the nighttime, a shining green 
light from the abdomen. 

Olue (glu), n. Hard, brittle gelatin, obtained by 
boiling skins, hoofs, etc., of animals, and used 
as a cement. —v.<. [Glued (glud^ ; GLumo 
(glu'Yng).] To join with glue ; to unite. 

Olnm (gldm), a. Sullen ; moody ; silent. 

Olnme (glum), n. The floral covering of grain or 

aint (glttt), V. t. [Gujttrd; GLirmNO.] To 
swallow greedily ; to gorge ; to fill ; to satiate ; 
to cloy. — V. i. To eat to satiety. — n. That 
which is swallowed down ; a full supply ; a sup- 
ply beyond sufficiency or to loathing ; a clog ; a 
wooden wedge used in splitting blo<^. 

Qlu'ten (glu'tSn), n. A viscid, tenacious sub- 
stance which gives adhesiveness to dough. — 
Oluti-noilS (-nfis), a. Viscous; viscid; tena- 
cious. — ain'tt-nons-neas, n. 

Olutton (gl&ft'n), n. One who eats voracioudy ; 
a gormandizer; a carnivorous mammal; the 
wolverine. — Olutton-OllS (-tts), a. Belonging 
to a glutton or to gluttony ; given to excessive 
eating. — Qlntton-y (-y), n. Act or practice 
of a glutton ; excess in eating ; voracity. 

Olyc'er-ln (glTs'Sr-Tn), Glyc'er-ine, n. A sweet, 
viscid liquid, obtained from fats, and consisting 
of carbon, hydrogen^ and oxygen. 

Qnarl (narl), V. i. [Gnabled (nSrld); Gnabi«- 
iNO.] To growl ; to murmur ; to snarl. 

Qnarl (nSri), n. A knot in wood. — Onaxled 
(narld), Qnarl'y (narl'y), a, FuU of knots. 

Qnasll (nSsh), V. t. & i. [Gnashed (nSsht); 
Gnashing.] To strike (the teeth) together, in 
anger or pain. 

Onat (nSt), n. A small blood-sucking fly. 

Onaw (na), V. t. [Gnawed (nftd) ; Gnawing.] 
To bite," or wear away with the teeth ; to cor- 
rode; to fret away. —v. i. To use the teeth 
in biting. — Onaw^er, n. 

Gneiss (nis), n. Grjrstalline rock, resembling 

Oneme (nSm), n. A fabled dweller in the inner 
parts of the earth, and the guardian of mines, 
quarries, etc. ; a dwarf ; a goblin. 

GiBUB'OlOlI (nS'm&i), n. The style or pin of a sun- 

Gnil (nu), n. A South African antelope; the 
homed horse. 

Go (go), V. i. [imp. Went (wSnt) ; p. p. Gone 
(g5n) ; p. pr. Gk>iNG.] To pass from one plaee 
to another ; to proceed ; to walk ; to depart ; to 
die. —v. t. To take (share, part, etc.). — Gt/- 
Ing, n. Movement ; departure ; way of life. — 
Go'-by' (go'bF), n. Evasion ; neglect. — GC- 
oart', n. A frame on wheels, for supporting a 
child learning to walk. 

Goad (gSd), n. A pointed instrument to urge on 
a beast; stimulus. —v. /. To prick; to drive 
with a goad ; to stimulate ; to instigate. 

Goal (gSl), n. Point aimed at in a race ; end ; 

Goat (got), n. A homed ruminant animal, akin 
to the sheep. — Goat'- 
isll, a. Like goats; 
rank. — GoaVee' (go^- 
W)j n. A beard de- 
pending from the 
chin. ~ Goat'lierd' 
(gotOiSrdO, n. One 
who tends goats. 

GobOlle (g5bn>'l), V. L 
To swallow hastily ; Goat's Head, 

to eat voraciously.*— 

V. i. To make a noise in the throat, aa a tmw 
key. — Gebn^lor (-bier), n. A greedy eater ; a 
turkey cock. 

Go1)l«t (gObaSt), n. A drinking vessel without a 

GoVlln (gSbain), n. An evil spirit ; phant.cnm ; 
gnome ; elf. 

G^-liy', Ge'oart% n. See under Go, v. 

God (gOd), n. The supreme being, creator of the 
universe ; Jehovah ; a divinity ; deity ; idol. — 
God'dess (-d6s), n. A female god. — Godly 
(-13^), a. Reverencing God and his laws ; pious ; 
devout ; righteous. — Godll-ness (-lT-n«s), n. — 
Godless (-ISs), a. Acknowledging no Ckid ; un- 
godly ; wicked. — GodUke' (-lik'). a. Divine. 

— God'shlp (-shTp), n. Divinity. — Ood'SOBd' 
r-sfind^), n. Unexpected piece of good fortune. — 
Godhead (-hSd), n. Deity ; divine nature. — 
God'fa'tlLer(-fii'tfaSr), God^moth'tr (-mttti&/Sr), 
n. A man or woman who becomes sponsor for a 
child in baptism. — God'chUd^, God'daoglL'tar 
(-df^tSr), God'SOn' (-s&nO, n. One for whom 
another has been sponsor at the font. 

Gog'gle (gSg'^'l), V. i. To roll the eyes ; to stare. 

— a. Rollmg ; staring. — n. Staring or af- 
fected rolling of the eyes. — Gog'glOB (-gl*!), 
n. pi. Spectacles. 

Go'lng, n. See imder Gk>, v. 

Gei'ter (goiaSr), Goitre, n. A swelling of the 
glands of the throat. 

Geld (gold), n. A precious metal of yellow color 
and great ductility and malleabilitv ; money ; 
wealth ; yellow color. — Gold'Oll (-'n), a. Made 
of, or colored like, gold; very predoua. — 
Goldflnoh^ (-fTnch^, n. A yellow singins 
bird. — GoMfish, n. A small fisb, namea 
from its golden color, — often domesticated. — 

S, St 1,0, ftflong; &,«,!, 6, A, j^« short; aenAte, Avant, tdea, 6bey, finite, oAre, iinn,aak, nil, final. 




Gold foil, Gold laat Oold beaten into a leaf 
for gilding, etc. -=- Gold'amitll' (-smTth^), n. 
One who manufactures articleH of gold. 

Goo,'dO-la (g5nMd-l&), n. A pleasure boat, used at 
Venice, on the canals ; in the U. S., a flat-bot- 
tomed boat, also a long platform car, used to 
carry freight. — Gkm^do-llei/ (-ISr'), n. One 
who rows a gondola. 

Gone, p. p. of Go. 

Chmc (gong), n. A kind of metal drum. 

Good (ga6d), a. [Bbttbs (bfiftgr) ; Bbst (bSst).] 
Having desirable qualities ; kind ; benevolent ; 
suited ; adapted ; skillful ; sufficient ; consider- 
able ; complete ; fair ; honorable. — n. That 
which possesses desirable qualities; welfare; 
advantage ; bepefit ; o/. commodities ; chattels ; 
property. — adv. Well ; equally well ; quite ; 
considerably. — Good'ness, n. — Good'lBll 
(-Tsh), a. Rather good ; fair ; not wholly bad. 

— Goodly (-Ij^), a. A^greeable ; comely ; large. 

— GoodOl-ness, n. — Good'y-good'y (-gd6d'y), 
a. Mawkishly good. — n. Ooodness combined 
with silliness. — Good'-toy' (-biO, Good'-byo', 
n. or interj. Farewell. — Good Friday. A fast 
in memonr of our Savior's suifering. — Good^— 
na'tnxed (-na'turd), a. Mild 
in temper ; not easily pro- 
voked ; kind. — Good WllL 
Benevolence; custom of any 
trade or business. 

Goose (goos), n./ pi. Obesb 
(ges). A web-footed aquatio d 
lowl ; tailor's smoothing iron ; 
a simpleton. Gooae. 

GooseOMT-ry (g55z'- or gSos'- 
bSr-rj^), n. A thorny shrub and its fruit. 

Go'plior (go'fSr), n. A burrowing animal of sev- 
eral kinds, — rat, squirrel, tortoise, and snake. 

Gore (gor), n. Blood, esp. when thick or clotted. 

— V. I. [Gk>BED (gSrd) ; Goring.] To pierce ; 
to stab. — Ger'y (-y), a. Bloody ; murderous. 

Qoro (gor), n. A wedge-shaped piece of cloth, 
widening a garment at a particular part ; trian- 
gular piece of land. ->• v, t. [Gobed (gSrd) ; 
OoBiNO.] To cut in a triangular form. 

Gorge (g6rj), n. The throat ; gullet ; narrow pas- 
sive or entrance; a filling or choking. —v. /. 
[GoBOKO (gdrjd) ; Gokoino.] To swallow ; to 
glut ; to satiate, —v. i. To feed greedily. 

Gmr^eons (gdr'jtis), a. Very splendid ; showy. 

Go-rll1a (go-rT11&), n. A lax^e and enormously 
strong and fierce African ape, closely resem- 
bling man. 

GOTSe (gdrs), n. A prickly shrub ; furze ; whin. 

Gor^, a. See under Gk>BB, blood. 

Gos'Jiawk' (gSsHif^^), n. A slender hawk, found 
in both hemispheres. 

Gos'llllg (gSz^Ing), n. A young goose. 

Gospel (gSs'pSl), n. Glad tidings ; the history 
of Jesus Christ and his teaching ; one of the 
four narratives of the life of Chnst. 

Goi'ia-mer (gSs^sA-mSr), n. A filmy substance, 
like oobwelM, floating in the air ; a gauzelike 
fabric, or a garment made from it. 

Gos'slp (gSfl'stp), n. A sponsor; idle tattler 
chatter; rumor. — v. t. [Gossipid (gSs'sYpt), 
GrOSSiPiNO.] To prate ; to nm about and tattle. 

Got (g5t), imp. of Gkt. —Got, Gotten (-t'n),p. 
p. of Get. 

Gotb (gSth), n. A barbarian. — Ootll'io (gSthTk), 
a. Pertaining to the Goths, also to a style of ar- 
chitecture with high and sharply-pointed arches, 
clustered columns, etc. ; rude; barbarous.— ». 
The language of the €k>ths. 

Gonge (gouj or gooj), n. A chisel, with a grooved 
blade, for scooping, etc ; the act of scooping ; 
a cavity; a fraud, —v. t. [Gouged (goujd or 
gSojd) ; Gouging.] To scoop out with a gouge ; 
to cheat. 

Gourd (g5rd or gfiord), n. A plant and its fleshy 
fruit, some kinds of which have a hard outer 
rind, used for cups, bottles, etc. 

Gout (gout), 71. A drop ; a clot : painful inflam- 
mation of the joints. — Gonfy ('f)i a. Afflicted 
with, or pertaining to, gout. — Goutl-ness, n, 

llGont (goo), n. Taste ; relish. 

Goy'em (gttv'Sm), v. i. [Governed (-Smd); 
Governing.] To regulate ; to direct ; to man- 
age ; to require (a noun or pronoun) to^be in a 
particular case. —v. i. To exercise authority ; 
to have controL — GOY'eriL-or (-Sr), n. One 
who governs; a chief ruler; a 
guardian ; an attachment to a 
machine or engine, to preserve 
uniform motion. — Goy'em- 
ess, n. A woman who governs 
or instructs. — Gev'enL-meiLt 
(-ment), n. Act of governing ; 
restraint ; regulation ; adminis- 
t r a t i o n ; executive' power ; 
state ; commonwealth ; influ- 
ence of one word on the form 
of another. — Goy^em-men'tal 
(-mSn'tal), a. Pertaining to government. 

Gown (goun), n. The loose upper garment of a 
woman, scholur, professional man, etc. 

Grab (grSb), v. t. &i. [Grabbed (grSbd) ; Grab* 
bino.] To gripe suddenly ; to seize ; to clutch ; 
to snatch. — n. Grasp ; snatch. — Grab^bcr, n. 

Grace (gras), n. Favor ; divine mercy ; inherent 
excellence ; beauty ; elegance ; prayer before or 
after meat. — v. t. [Graced (grast) ; Gracing.] 
To adorn ; to honor. — Grace'flll (gras'ful), a. 
Elegant ; easy ; agreeable. — GracoleSB (-ISs), 
a. Wanting m grace or excellence ; depraved ; 
corrupt. — Gra'Clcns (gra'shQs), a. Abounding 
in grace or mercy ; kind ; merciful. 

Grade (grad), n. A step or degree ; rank ; rate 
of ascent or descent. — v. t. To reduce to a 
level or to an even slope. — Gra-da'tlon (gr&- 
da'sh&n), n, A progressing by regular steps ; de- 
gree in an order or series. 

Grad'n-al (grSd'fi-al), a. By steps or degrees; 
progressive ; slow. — Grad^-al-ly, adv. 

Cmid%-ate (gr8d'<i-5t), v. t. To divide into regu- 
lar grades or intervals ; to admit to a certain 
grade or academical degree. ^ v. i. To receive 
an academical degree. — n. One admitted to an 


On, leoent, 6rb, rude, f^ ftm, food, fiAH, oat, oil, cliair, so, due, ink, thea, tbJxL 


il d«»e. — a. AmnEed by tn .. 
■iv« Htspi or dsgrev [ pwluMid. — OztA'tn/- 
Vtt (nU'S-I^, R. — Ona'n-atlmt (-PiiliBa), 
9- A gndiutiiig ; • dividing Lnto dugnea, or 
otberdaflDiu pa^i UuaB on u iiutnimeiir '" 
indlcikto duTHL etc 

Ontt igrtlt), n. A soulU ituiot or HloD of ■ t 
inHTted Ln oootfaar tree- ^ v. I. To inHn 
nutting from one tT«e) in ft Bt«m of anodier . 
Impluit. ^ t. i. To inaert BcionA. 

Onln <griui}, n. Akani(il(of cani,wtia> 
m luiaUt hud particle ; k amim w«lgbt, beii^ the 
20th of ■ Kiuple, Id ipotlwaiW weigiit. and 
tibB 24th of 4 penorwaigtat troy ; the Sb«r of 

lanriDg ; hdj nuiduiim. — v. I, (Qxuaa 
igltai); dMiaaa.'J To jmnuUW i to psini 
& imlMioD of the gaia^ wood.— c. i. T( 
formaniiu; to uaiuu* gmiulu loim. 

Onm (giXm). OnuUM, n. Tha unit otwaigbt 
la tlio mettlo HyMem, being lG.432i[Tidui. 

OnKl-IUL'OMW (aribu'I-nViiiDa), Sn-Blit'»-il 
(giA-mlnt^l), Bn-IllB'»4U (-St), a. B«- 
■wnhllng, or partniniug to, grw i gnaw. — 
Onn'l«lT4|M«U(ErIiii'I-uIV9-T)Li), a. Feed- 
ing o& gnu and Bimllar food. 

OnM'BU (gdm'mSr), n. Science of Ungnige ) 

art odtwuking r '" 

m the prlndtdAH i 

im* (erXm). n. Bee Quii, n, [cowflth. 
i'pu(gribn'pns),n, Flih akin to the Hh&le ; 
'■-rTigrtn't-.^) n. A >tQrahoi»e (or gmlo 

maud (grand), a. Very great; •-—■■ 

principal ; noble. — Qrualr. a 


polity of ipAech, — Olta-lU'o-aauit (-fenrnt), 
a.' FompouB; bonibaetic. 
Sncf* lerinj), n. A gnnary; a imra; atum, 

fannera' Interetta. — dnn'in (grSn'jir), n. 
Member of ^rnjige. 
Gnnltl (gritnat), n. Rock conalrtliig of qnartE, 
f^ldipar.and afa.— ani-lllfia(gi£-uli^),a. 
like or oooaiitiiig of granlt«. [or Bfieda. I 

iling ; thing granted ; gift ; 
.J by dead ; appropriBtlan fay 
- Snnfar l^r), Onai'a 
tOiO, n- — Ortn-tW (grin. 

MlnE of, or like, graliie or 

n-lu-l7, adv — (bm'n-Uta (-lit), e. (. To 
form into gralna or amall maaBH ; to rooghen 
on the lurface. — c. i. TobeformediDtogiaiiu. 
— dlull-Utlail C-lI'ihtin), n. AlormioKlnto 

gialni Otaa'nlinw (gibt-lBa), a. Full ol < 

gndni or granulur nibil«iiwe. 

Onp* (giip), >> Vruit of the line; grueiboC. 
—OnpW-T (-&•}). n. A buildiiK for Uie oul- 
Untion of ipapea. — OlaH'lhBt' (-ahSf ), *. 
A Gkuter ol iron bolli, tobe abot Inin a nan. 
un. — anF*'itonV(-M3n'),n. Aiwedoltha 
grape. — Onpe'Tlll*' (-TinO, n, A dlmUne 
Bhnib which wpducea ^upee. 

OrublO (gril'lk), a. Fertaininc to writing; 
written! "«11 dewrtbed, — SraAti»«Mr(^ 
kol-W), ode. 

anpk'tto(grint),n. NetincuboDtneryrtala, 
bead for pflnciifl, for cmdhlaB, ae a InbiieatJOn, 
etc. ; — UK) etiitA plumboffo or blaetcUad^ 

Onpli'i^pluiw (giiEr%-rGn), n, A form of pInmio- 

Qrulid (grlp'oei). n. A small anchor. wUb 

cY.«a: anyiotti • •■- — 

elgned to grapple 

OnvVll (lP*P'P'l). ». *. To J 

To uae a grapple : t ■— ' 

■ ■ flght.— n. 

iron bera for holding 

ban aitting, n. Ajartiaon formed of bui. 

■nXt (grSi), e. (. **. To nib 

that whlDh, gratee ; t, 
nibblDg oO particles 
Harah : IrrltAting. ^ 
OntSTO (grlft^), a. 

OnVl-tj (gttVX-^v. (~'fo'ihliiiiT't«l"*llg« 

i-MHa'Hoi ( -tr-ipBhOn ), n, AgratKying oi 

roughly or hanb- 
-univ«,n- Chiewho, or 

ol a bod;. — Onttlica. 

Having a due aenae of 

K, •. 1, 9, a, long i a, a, 1, 5, n, ;, ibort i MoOto, Avent, Idea, Obey, Anita, oftn, Mini, 4tk, kH. A> 




QnVtBgj A* Bee under Gratb, n., also v.tAi. 

HGnitll (gntTs), adv. For nothing ; freely. 

Qntl-tnde (grilt/I-tud), n. State of being grate- 
ful; thanlmilneae. 

On-tn'l-tons (gri-tuT^fis), a. Given without 
recompenae ; without reaaon, cause, or proof. — 
Gn-tul-ty i'tf)^ n. A free gift ; a present. 

Ontfu-late (gritt/tt-lSt), v. i. To salute with 
declarations of joy ; to congratulate. — Orat'n- 
lutlOB (-IS^shlm), n. A gratulating or felicita^ 
ting. — GraVu-U-tO-ry (-tt-14rt«-rf ), a. Ex- 
pressing joy; congratulatory. 

OXATe (gray), v. t. [imp. Graysd (gi^vd) ; p.p, 
Gbaybh (grav^'n) or Gravid; Graving.] To 
carve or cut ; to engrave ; to shape by cutting ; 
to clean (a ship's bottom)'by burning off filth, etc. 
— ». An excavation in the earth as a place of 
burial ; a tomb ; death, or destruction. — Grav'- 
er, n. An engraver ; a sculptor ; a tool for cut- 
ting ; a burin. — GxaYO'sum.e', n. A stone 
marklTig a grave. — ChraY•^yard^ n. A burial 
place; acemetei^. 

Onye (grSv)i o* Of weight or importance ; seri- 
ous ; solemn ; not acute in sound ; low ; deep. 
— QniYoay, adv. — GraTe^MNi, GiaTl-ty 
(gr«v1-ty), n. — OraYl-tate (-tat), v. i. To 
tend toward the center. — OraY'i-tatlOB (-ta^- 
shttn), n. A gravitating ; attraction or force 
by which all bodies tend toward each other. 

OntY^Ol (grSv'Sl), n. Small stones; a disease pro- 
duced by small concretions in the kidneys and 
bladder, —v. i. [Gbavblbd ; Gbavelino.I To 
cover with gravel ; to stick in the sand ; to 
nuxsle ; to hurt (the foot of a liorse) bv grav^ 
lodged under the shoe. — OraT'el-ly (-15^), a. 
Abounding with, or consisting of, grravel. 

OntTe'ltOlM', Ora▼•'7azd^ n. See under Gravb, 
V. t. 

OraT'l-tatO, GxaTl-ty, etc. See under Gbavb, a. 

On'^ (gxS'vf ), n. Juice from cooked meat, 
nuwe into a dressing. 

Onty (gra)i a* Hoary ; white mixed with black ; 
old ; mature. — n. Color produced by mixture 
of white and black. — Oxay'limM, n. 

OlwyOlOimd, n. See GBXTHomn). 

Oray'llllff, »• A fish akin to the trout. 

Graaa (gras), v. <. & i. To feed on grass; to touch 
lightlv in passing. — Gfaz^er (-«r), n. — Qia'- 
llaar (griE'shSr), n. One who {mstures or deals 
in cattle. — Graz'lllg, n. A feeding on grass ; 
pasture ; a light touch in passing. 

Grease (grSs), n. Soft animal fat ; inflammation 
of the heels of a horse. — Grease (grSz or 
grSft), V. t. [Gbbasxd (grezd or g^est) ; Gkbaa- 
nre. J To smear with grease. — Greas'er, n. 
One who or that which greases (machinery, 
etc.). — Greasy (-y), a. Oily ; fat ; unctuous ; 
affected with the disease called grease. 

Oraat (grat), a. Large ; chief ; great ; big ; preg- 
nant; numerous; important; distinguiihea. 

Oraat'ooaf (gratOcSt/), n. An overcoat. 

Onat'-CTaiid'oliildS -Rand'daagli'ter, 
— gXind^SOII^, n. A child, daughter, or son of 
one's granddaughter or grandson. — Greaf- 

gii]idlat]i«r,-gxiiid'liiot]i'er,ii. Afstberor 
mother of one's grandparent. 

GrelM (gr5b), n. A marine bird, expert at diving. 

Gre'oiui (gi^shon), a^&n. Greek. — Gre'olsni 
(-sTz'm), n. A Greek idiom or peculiarity. 

Greed (grSd), ». Eager desire ; avarice.— Greed'y 
(-J^)>A* [Grrbdibb; Grrboisst.] Having keen 
appetite for food or drink ; ravenous. 

GrMk (grSk), a. Pertaining to Greece ; Grecian. 
— n. A native or inhabitant, also the language, 
of Greece. 

Green (grSn), a. Of the color of growing plants, 
or a color composed of blue and yellow ; ver- 
dant ; new ; recent ; not ripe ; immature in ase 
or experience ; raw ; awkward ; not seasoned ; 
conUuning natural juices. ^ n. The color of 
growing plants ; grassy plain ; pi, fresh leaves ; 
wreaths; leaves of young pUmts dressed for 
food ; potherbs. -• v. t. To make green. — 
Green'lsli, a. Somewhat green. — GreenOuini' 
(grSn'hdrn^), n. A raw youth. — Greeulumse' 
(-hous^), n. A house to protect tender plants in 
cold weather. — Greett'room' (-rfiom^), n. Tbe 
retiring room of actors in a theater. — Green'* 
Sluuik' (-shSnk^), n. A ^lecies of snipe.— 
Green'Bward'1[HBWArdOi »• "^^^ g^on^ ^^^ 


Greet (gret), v.i. &i. To salute; to hail; to ad- 
dress. — Cnreefln^, n. Salutation ; compliment. 

Gre-ga'tl-OllS (gr$-gS'rT-iis),a. Keeping in flocks ; 
herding togetiier. 

Gre-nade' (grll-nad'), n. A hollow shell filled with 
powder, and fired by a f use. — Gren'a-dier' 
(grSn'A^SrO, n. A soldier peculiarly equipped. 

Grai^a-dlne' (gr&yAKlenO, n. Thin auk material 
for ladies' dresses, s^wls, etc. 

Grew (gnO, *mp. of Grow. 

Grey, a. See Grat. 

Greylicitnd' (gra'hound^), n. A slender breed of 
dogs, very swift and 
keen of sight. 

Grld'dle (grldM'l), n. 
A shallow pan for 
baking cakes ; a cov- 
er for the top of a 
stove ; a sieve used 
by miners. 

Grldl'ron (grld'i'- 

iim), n. A grated 

utensil for broiling. 
Grief (grSf), n. Fain 

of mind ; sorrow ; 

sadness.— Grieve (grSv), v. f. [Grisvbd (grSvd); 

GBiBvnro.] To afflict; to hurt; to try. — v. i. 

To feel gnef ; to sorrow ; to mourn. — GrieT'- 

anoe (-ans), n. A cause of grief ; wrong done 

or suffered ; oppression ; injury ; hardship. — 

GrieT'CliS (-fis), a. Causing grief or sorrow ; 

painful ; hard to bear ; heinous ; flagitious ; 

full of, or expressing, grief. — Griev'ons-ly, 

adv. — Griev'ons-ness, n. 
GrirUn (grTf'fTn), GrlTtoi (-fSn), n. A fabulous 

monster, half lion and half eagle ; an Oriental 

vulture ; an English early apple. 


f Sm, TCoent, 4M>, n|de, f^iill, ttzDt ftfbdt fcJbt, oat, oil, eliair, go, ting, ink, then, tbln. 




Orlll (gfrtl), «. f. [Grilud (grTld) ; OuLLnre.] 
To broiL 

(^rixn (^Tm), a, [OaiMiaER; Grimhbst.] Of 
a forbidding aspect ; fierce ; f riglitf ul ; stem ; 

Grl-mace' (grT-mSa'), n. Distortion of the coun- 
tenance, to express contempt, disapprobation, 
etc. ; a smirk ; a made-up face. — v. i. To make 

Grl-mallEln (grT-mU'kTn), n. An old cat. 

Orixne (gnm), n. Foul matter ; dirt deeply rubbed 
in. — v. t. To suUy or soil deeply. — Orisi'y 
{-f). a. Full of gnime ; b^n^imed ; dirty ; fouL 

— Grlm'i-ly, adv. 

Grin (grTn), V. i. [Gbinnbd (grind) ; Grinnino.] 
To show the teeth in laughter, scorn, or pain. 
— V. t. To express by grinning. — n. A closing 
the teeth and showing them. 

Grind (grind), v. t. Abound; GBummo.] To 
rub ; to reduce to powder by friction ; to wear 
down, polish, or sharpen by friction ; to prepare 
for examination by hard study ; to oppress ; to 
harass. — Grlnd'W, n. One who, or that which, 
grinds ; a molar, or double tooth used in masti- 
cating food. -^ Grlnd'stone' (-ston'}, n. A circu- 
lar stone for grinding and sharpemng tools. 

Grip (grtp), n. A grasp ; a holdmg fast ; that \>j 
which anything is grasped ; a handle ; a device 
for holding somethiog tightly, —v. t. To give a 
grip to ; to grasp ; to gpripe. 

Onpe (grip), V, t. [OaiFBD (gript) ; Gaipmo.] To 
seize ; to clutch ; to pinch ; to distress. — v. i. 
To hold tightly ; to get money by exactions or 
hard bargains ; to sufFer sharp pains. — n. 
Grasp ; seizure ; handle ; exaction ; distress. 

Grisly (grtsiy), a. Frightful ; horrible. 

Orist (grist), n. Ground com ; quantity ground 
at one time ; provision. — Grist'Ulll', n. A mill 
for grinding grain for customers. 

Gris'ue (grTs"l), n. Elastic tissue which forms 
bone in animal bodies ; cartilage. — Gristly 
(grTs^j^), a. Consisting of, or like, gristle ; car- 

Grit ^tt), n. Coarse part of meal ; grain hulled, 
or coarsely ground ; sand or gravel ; resolution ; 
spunk. IColloq.'] ^v.i.&i. To grind ; to grate. 

— Grit'ty i'tf), a. Containing, or consisting of, 
grit ; resolute , spunky. — Gnttl-neBB, n. 

Gllz'^ (grrTz'z'l), n. Gray ; a mixture of white 
and black. — Gllz'Zly (grTz'zlj^), a. Somewhat 
gray. — Grizzly bear. A large and ferocious 
bear of Western North America. 

Groan (gron), v. i, [Gboansd (grSnd) ; Gboan- 
INO.] To give forth a low, moaning sound, as 
in pain or sorrow. — n. A moaning sound, — 
usually uttered in pain, sometimes in derision. 

flwat (grt^t or grot), n. An old English coin 
worth fourpence. 

Greats (gxt^ts or grSts), n. pi. Oats or wheat de- 
prived of the hulls. 

Gro'cer (grS'sCr), n. A dealer in tea, sugar, spices, 
liquors, etc. — Gro'cer-y ( - 3^ ), n. A grocer's 
store ; pi. goods sold by grocers. 

Grog (grog), n. BCixed spirit and water. — Grog'- 

A singing bird of 


Cn-y C-gSr-S^), QmgftHun^ (-sbSp'), n. ▲ place 
where spirits are retailed and drunk. 

Grog'nun (grSg'ram), Grog'tan (-ran), n. A 
coarse stuff made of silk and mohair. 

Groin (groin), n. The junction of belly and thigh, 
also of intersecting arches. 

Groom (groom), n. A servant who has charge of 
horses ; officer of the Elngliah royal household ; 
a man recently married ; bridegroom. — v. L To 
tend (a horse). — Grooms'man (groomz'man), 
n. Attendant of a bridegroom at his wedding. 

GroOTO (groov), n. A furrow ; a channel ; a long 
hollow cut by a tool; an habitual mode of life ; a 
routine. — v. t. [Gboovxd (groovd) ; Gbooy- 
nro.] To furrow. 

Ctoope (grop), V. i. & t. [Gbofbd (gropt) ; Gbop- 
IKO/] To feel in the dark. 

GrosHseak^ (grSs'bekO, n. 
the Finch kmd, having 
a bill very thick at the 

Gross (grSs), a. Great ; 
bulky ; coarse ; stupid ; 
vulgar ; indelicate ; ob- 
scene; impure; thick; 
dense ; palpable ; en- 
tire ; total. — n. The 
main body; bulk; 
mass ; number of twelve 

dozen. — Gross 'ly, adv. — Gross 'ness, n. — 
A nreat gross. Twelve gross ; 144 dosen. — 
In The gross, In gross, in the bulk, or the 
whole undivided ; all parts taken together. 

Grot (gr5t), Grdrte (grCf t*), n. A cavern ; 
cave. — Gro-tesqne' (gri-tSsk'), a. like fig- 
ures in grottoes ; wildlv formed ; fantastic 

Ground (ground), imp. & p. p. of Gbind. 

Gronnd (ground), n. Suiiace of the earth, also 
of a floor or pavement ; land ; estate ; soil ; foun- 
dation ; pi. sediment ; dregs ; lees. — v. L To 
lay on the ground ; to found ; to fix or set (on a 
foundation) ; to instruct in firstprinciples. — v. t. 
To run aground. — Gronnd floor. Floor of a 
house nearest the level of the ground. — Ground 
hog. The woodchuck, or American marmot; 
the aardvark. — Gronnd plan. A plan of the 
ground floor of a building. — Gronnd plot 
Hie ground on which a structure stands; the 
foundation. — Gronnd rent Rent paid for 
the privilege of building on another's land. — 
Groundless, a. Without ground or founda- 
tion ; false. — GfOQnd'nnt' (-nfit/), n. The pea- 
nut; also, several pluits having edible roots. 
— Gronnd'WOrk' (-wflrk^) , n. nie foundation ; 
basis ; essential part ; first principle ; original 

Gronp (groop), n. Cluster ; crowd ; assemblage. 
—V. t. [Gboufko (grroopt); Gsounxro.] To 
gather or form into a group ; te assemble. 

Gronse (grous), n. A wild bird of many spedea, 
highly prized for food. 

Gront (grout), n. Coarse meal; thick ale; gromids; 
dregs ; thin, coarse mortar ; also, a filer ma- 
terial, used in finishing ceilings. — v. i. To fill 

fi. 8, 1, 5, a, long; ft,«,I,tt,tt,t*>>uni;ieiiftfeo,<Teiit,tdea,6be7,ttiiite,oftn,ilnB,Adc,9]l,flaal, 




vp (joints between stones) with grout. — Groilfy 

(-f)f a. Cross ; sulky ; sullen. 
Ginvo (grov)i n- Cluster of trees ; a small wood. 
Oxw'el (grov'U), V. i. [Gbovxlsd (-*ld) ; Gbot- 

XLDTG.] To creep on the earth ; to be low or 

mean. — OlOV'el-ttr, n. 
CbDW (gr5), v.L&i. [imp. GtBMW (gr^) ; p. p, 

Gbowk (gron^; Gbowiho.J To vegetate ; to m- 

crease ; to raise. — Gxow'w, n. 
Oxowl (groul), V, i, Sl t, [Gbowlxd (grould) ; 

Gbowuko.] To grumble; to snarl. —iii. The 

murmur of a cross dog. 
Grown (gron), p. p, of Gbow. 
GrowtlL (grSth), n. The process of growing ; the 

gradual increase of bodies; production; prod- 
uct; effect; result. 
Gra1> (grfib), V. t. & U [Gbubbbd (gr&bd) ; Gbub- 

Biira.] To dig. — n. A larva of an insect. 

— OmlKlMr, n. 

Grudge (grfij), v. /. [Gbudosd (griSjd) ; Grudo- 
IHO.] To part with reluctantly. — v. i. To be 
covetous or reluctant. — n. Cherished ill-will ; 
envy ; spite. — GrndgtBg-lYf adv. 

Ora'el (grn'Sl), n. Liquid food, made by boiling 
meal in water. 

Chuff (gr&f ), a. Btem ; surly ; rugged. 

amm (grlim), a. Morose ; glum ; grim ; deep in 
the tlutMtt ; guttural. — Qnuill7t adv. 

Ommnhto (grOm^U), v. i. To murmur with dis- 
content ; to growl ; to rumble ; to roar. — v. U 
To utter with grumblhig. — Orvmllldr, n. 

Chrunt (grttnt), v. i. To make a guttural noise, 
like a hog. — n. Sound of a hog. — Gnmt'er, n. 

Grypb'on, n. See Gaimir. 

Gna'U-onm (gwa^yft-kfim), n. A small tree of the 
West India islands ; resm of the lignum-vite or 
boxwood, — used in medicine. 

Gna'&o {gsRVxA ), n. The ezcremmt of sea fowls, 

— used as manure. 

Gvar'ail-tee' (gSr^Sn-tSO* n. A promise to an- 
swer for another's performance of some duty ; 
a security. —V. i. To warrant ; to make sure. 

— Gvar'an-tn/ (gSr^Xn-tdr^), n. One who makes 
or gives a guaranty; a surety. — Gvar'an-ty 
( -tf ), n. An undertaking to answer for the 
payment of debt or performance of duty by an- 
other. — V. /. [GUARAMTISD (-tTd) ; GUABANTT- 

Dro.] To undertake the performance of (duty) 
by another ; to indemnify ; to save harmless. 
Guard (gSrd), v. U To protect from danger ; to 
watch; to defend. —v. t*. To watch. —n. A 
watch ; a defense ; a body of men for protec- 
tion ; an escort ; care ; heed. — Gvard'ed-ly 
(-fid-lj^), adv. In a guarded or cautious manner. 

— Gnard'ad-ness, n. — Gvardl-an ( -T-an or 
-yan), n. One who guards or secures ; one in 
charge of the person or property of an infant 
or person incapable of managing his own affairs, 
—a. Guarding; protecting. — Gnard'i-ail-Blllp, 
n. The office of a guardian. 

Gna^a (gwa'v4), n. A tropical tree, or its fruit, 
used for jelly. 

Ou'lier-lia-torrl-al (gu'bSr-nA-t5^T-al), a. Per- 
taining to a governor. 

Gnd'^eOB (gttjlin), n. A small fresh-water flab, 
easily caught ; a person easily cheated ; a pin 
on which a wheel turns ; an eye to lumg a rud- 
der on* 

Gaar-rllla (g8r-rT11&), n. Irregular warfare ; a 
member of a predatory band. 

Guesa (gfis), v. t. [Gubbsbd (gfist) ; Gubssino.] To 

i'udge of at random ; to think ; to reckon, —v. i. 
Iq make a random judgment ; to conjecture. ^ 
n. A judgment without sufBcient evidence. 
Guoat (gSst), n. A visitor. 
Gnf-faw' (gfif-ff/), n. A loud burst of laughter. 
Guide (^d), V. t. To lead ; to direct. — ^ n. One 
who directs another in his way ; a regulator. — 
Gald'anoe (-ans), n. Direction; government. 

— Gnlde'poat' (-pSsf), n. A post at the fork 
of a road, to direct travelers in the way. 

Guild (gYld), n. An association of men of kin- 
dred pursuits. 

Guile (gil), n. Craft ; artifice ; duplicity ; deceit. 
— Gule'ful (-fyl), a. Full of guile ; cunning ; 
guilty. ~ Gulleleaa, a. Free from deceit. 

GullOo-tlne' (gtia^-tSnO* ^ A machine for be- 
heading. — V. L To behead with the guillotine. 

GuUt (gnt), n. CriminaUty ; sin. — GuUfy (-j^), 
a. (friminal ; wicked. — Gullt'l-ly (-t-lj^)i adv. 

— GullVl-neaa, n. — GulltOeM, a. Free from 
guilt ; innocent ; without experience. 

Gun'ea (gTn^), n. An English gold coin, worth 

21 shillings or about (6. 
Gnln'ea fowF (gTn't fouP)* Gnln'ea ben'. A 

fowl akin to peacocks and turkeys, originally 

from Africa. 
Guln'ea pif (gtn't pYg'). A small Brasiliam 

Gulae (giz), n. External appearance in manner 

or dnras ; garb ; behavior ; mien. 
Gul-tar' (gT-tilLr'), n. A stringed mstrument of 

music, played with the fin- 
Guloh (gttlch), n. A ravine ; 

a gully. 
Gulf (gnlf), n. An abyss; a 

deep chasm ; a large bay ; 

open sea. 
Gull (gttl), V. U To deceive ; 

to cheat ; to defraud. — n. Guitar. 

A trick ; fraud ; one easily 

cheated ; a dupe. — Gulll-Ole (-IT-b'l), a. Easily 

gulled.— Gul'll-bU'l-ty (-btlT-ty), n. CreduHty. 
G^ (gttl)) n< A long-winged, web-footed sea 

Gullet (giil18t), n. The passage for food in the 

throat ; esophagus. 
Gulll-ble, etc. See under Gull, v. /. 
Gully (glil^j^), n. ;pl. Gullibs (-ITz). A channel 

worn by water ; a gnlch. ^ v. L [Gullibd 

(-lid) ; GuLLTiNO.I To wear into g^lies. 
Gulp (gtilp), V. t. XOtxnxvD (giUpt) ; Gulfdto.I 

To swallow eagerly; to swallow up. — n. A 

swallow ; as much as is swallowed at once. 
Gum (gtim), n. Dense tissues covering the jaws 

and investing the teeth. — Gumlwll (-boil), n. 

A small abscess on the gum. 

fBxBy raoenty 6rb, rydci f^^ Urn, food, foist, oat, oil, cluir, bo, sinsi '^tq^% tben, tliln. 




Qliai(gttm),n. A vegetliilde Moretion which hard- 
em when it exudes, but is soluble in water. »- 
vJt, To unite or stiifen with gum. — Gnmlny 

. i<Df)f o. Like or consistinff of gum ; sticky. 
-^(|n]ll'llll-]iefl8,n.— Onm Vd0. A large tree 
oA the Southern United States, whose fruit at- 
tmcte opossums ; tlie Australian eucalyptus. 

Onm'QlO (gttm^i), n. Soup composed of okra, 
tomatoes, etc 

Gump (^Qmp), n. A foolish person ; dolt ; dunce, 
(gfimp'shfin), n. Capacity; ahrewd- 

nimp igvLD 


Qun (gtb), n. Any firearm, except the pistol 
and mortar, for throwing projectUes by explo- 
sion of gunpowder ; a heavy cannon. -• v. i. To 
hunt small game. — Gun OOtton. A highly 
explosive substance obtained by soaking cot- 
ton, etc., in nitric and sulphuric acids. — Gnu 
motaL Bronse, composed of copper and tin, 
used for cinnon, etc. — Gnnfntr, n. One who 
works a gim ; cannoneer. — Gnn'nsr-y, n. Art 
or sdencei of constructing or using guns. — 
GnnlllnifYln. Pursuit of game with guns. — 
GnnlKMr* n. A light vessel, carrying one or 
more guns. — Gnn'^ow^dar, n. An explosive 
compolution of niter, cluurooal, and sulphur, 
used in gunnery, blasting, etc. — Gnn'SllOt', 
n. Reach or range of a gun. —a. Made by the 
shot of a gun. — Gnn'mitll', n. One who 
makes or repairs small arms ; an armorer. ^ 
Gnn'ltOOk', n. The stock in which the barrel 
of a firearm is fastened. 

Olin'!li0l (gfin'nSl), n. A gunwale ; a little qnytted 
fish of the Northern Atiantic. 

Gnn'lny (gtln'nj^), n. A strong, coarse kind of 

Gnn'wale (gttn'wil or gfin'nBl), n. The upper 
edge of a iSiip's side. 

Gnr'gla (gQi^g*!)* v. i. [Guboubd (-gl'd) ; Gub- 
OLuia (-glTng).] To flow in a broken, noisy 
current, like water from « bottle, —n.' A gush 
of liquid. 

Gnrliard (gilr'nSrd), Qnx'lU/t (-n8t), n. A sea- 
fish, having a large and spiny head with mailed 

Gull (gtbh), V. i. [GuBBBD (gfisht) ; GusBiNa.] 
To flow oopiouialy ; to rush forth as a fluid from 
confinement ; to act with sudden impulse. — n. 
A violent issue of fluid from an inclosed place ; 
fluid thus emitted ; effusive show of sentuuent. 
— GnBh'ing, a. Rushing forth with violence ; 
emitting copiously (tears) ; sentimentaL 

Gns'sat (gfis'sSt), n. A piece of cloth inserted in 
a garment to strengthen or give it shape. 

Gnst (g&st), n. Sense of tasting ; relish ; capac- 
ity for enjoyment ; taste. — Gnsto (gtts^), n. 
Nice or keen appreciation ; taste ; fancy. — 
Gnsfa-tO-xy (guBl/&-td-rj^), a. Pertaining to 
the sense of taste. 

Gnat (gttst), n. A sudden squall ; a burst of pas- 
sion. — Gnsfy i'f)t a. Subject to gusts ; tem- 

Ovt (gttt), n. The intestinal oaaaL ^v. i. i;Gin^ 
TED ; GuTTuro.] To take out the bowels from ; 
to destroy the interior of. 

GntOa-pttT'Olia (gfitaA.p8r'ch4), n. Sap from 
trees of the lUDalay archipelago, in many of its 
properties resemUing caoutchouc. 

Gnf tar (giittSr), n. A channel for conveying 
away water. — v. t, [Gdttbrbd (-tSrd^ ; Gur- 
TBRDra.] To form into longitudinal hollows or 
channels, —v. i. To become channeled. 

Gnt'tnr-al (gfiftfir-al), a. Pertainmg to, or 
formed in, the throat. —n. A letter promouiiced 
in the throat. 

Gny (gi), n. A rope or rod attached to anything 
to steady it. 

Gin'Ua (gttz'z*!), V. t. & i, [GnzzLSD (-x*ld); 
GnzzLXNo (-zllng).] To swallow much or often. 
— n. An insatiable thing or person. — Gu'llar 
(-zlfir), n. 

GylM (jib), V. t. & i, [Gtbbd (jibd) ; GTBora.] 
To diift (the boom^ from one side of a vessel to 
the other by steering ofF the wind till the sail 
fills on the opposite nde. 

Gym-na'ai-nm (jYm-nS'sT-lim), n. A place for ath- 
letic exercises ; school for the higher branches 
of literature and science. — Gym'naBt (jlm/- 
nAst), n. One who teaches or jnractices gym- 
nastic exercises. — Gym-naaHo (-nSs'tTk), a. 
Pertaining to athletic exercises. — Gyn-BU^- 
tlo-al-ly, adv. — Gym-naatloa (-tTks), n. Art 
of performing athletic or disciplinary exerdsea. 

Gyp'anm (jTi/stlm), n. A mineral consisting of 
sulphate of lime and water, and made into plas- 
ter of Paris. — Gyp'aa-ona (-st-tts), a. Bosom 
blfag or containing gypsum. 

QT/KJ (flv^f^yt n. ; ]H. GTPsmB (-sTa). One of 
a vagabond Oriental race, now scattered over 
Borope, living by theft, fortune telling, tink- 
ering, etc ; a cnfty pers<m.»a. Pertaining 
to gypsies. 

Q/T[*X$1 (ji'rol), a. Moving 
in a circular path or way ; 
whirling; rotatory. — 
Gyrate (-nt), v, i. To 
revolve round a central 
point ; to move spirally. — 
Gy-xatlon (-rS'shlln), n. 
A turning or whirling 
around ; rotation. — Gy^- 
ra-to-ry ( ji'r4-t*-ry ), a. 
Moving in a circle, or 
spirally. — Qm ( jlr), n. 
Circular motion ; a circle 
described by a moving 

Gyr'lai-oon(j3rfft-k'n), n. 
The peregrine fucon. 

Gy'ro-aoono (ji'r*-sk5p), n. 
mounted in rings, for illustrating the dynamics 
of rotating bodies, etc 

Gyre (jlv), n. A shackle ; a fetter.— «. L [Gttid 
( jlvd) ; Gyvxho.] To fetter ; to shackle ; to chain. 

A rotating wheel 

fii 8, 1, i^ 11, long ; ft, 4S, I, i^ tt, j^, ahoxi ; lenlUe, 6 vent, tdea, 6bey, Ibiita, oAn, l&rm, 4d^ ||]1« fli^ 





Ha (hS), intefj. An exclamatioia of sarpriae, joy, 

or grief. 
. UHa'be-as oor'^iui (hsa)«4^ kdr'ptta). [L., you 
may have the body.] A Mrrit to produce a pru- 
oner before a court or judge. 

Ha-Wi-mfint (h^-blFI-ment), n. Dress; gar- 
ment; clothing. 

HaVit (hSb^t), n. Ordinary state ; physical tem- 
perament; established custom ; dress ; garment. 

— V. i. [Habitbd ; Habitimo.] To clothe. 
Hab'it-a-Ue (hSb/It-^-b'a a. Capable of being in- 
habited or dwelt in. — Hab'lt-a-lile-iiaBB, ukxy- 
It-a-wyi-ty C-A-bYi't- ty ), n. — HaVlt-an-oy 

(-on-fi^), n. Same as Inhabitanct. — HaVit- 
ant ( -ant ), n. An inhabitant ; dweller ; resi- 
dent. — HaVl-tat (-T-tSt), n. Natural abode of 
a plant or animal. — HaD'l-tatioil. n. Place of 
abode ; dwelling. — Ha-Ut'n-al (hi-bTf d-al}, a. 
* Customary ; usual ; common. — Ha-Utll-al-ly, 
.adv. — Ha-Mfn-ate (-at), v. t. To accustom; 
to familiarize. — Ha-1lit'll-atloil (-a'shfin), ». 
Act of habituating ; state of being habituated. 

Hack (hSk), V. t, [Hackbo (hSkt); Hackino.] 
To out awkwardly ; to notch ; to mangle. — v. ^ 
To cough faintly and often ; to speak with stops 
or hesitation. — n. A notch ; cut ; feeble cough. 

Haok (htt), n. A horse, carriage, etc., let out 
for hire ; a man who hires himself out for liter- 
ary work ; a drudge. — a. Hackneyed ; hired. 

Sadk'M (hSk'e), n, A chipmunk ; a red squirreL 

HaoHde (hXk'k'l), v. t. To comb (flax or hemp) ; 
to batcheL »- n. A comb for dressing flax, etc. ; 
a flimsy unspun substance. 

Hackfuy (hSk'nj^), n. /^. Hackctyb (-uTzl). 
A horse for riding or drivmg ; nag ; pony ; horse 
kept for hire ; hack ; person worn by drudg- 
ery ; a hireling. — a. Let for hire ; common. 

— V, i, [Hagkbsxbd (-nTd) ; Hackneyino.] 
To make trite or commonplace ; to wear out. 

Kad (hXd), imp. & p. p. of Hayb. 
Had'doOk (hSd'd5k^, n. 

A marine food fish, like 

the cod. 
Halt (h&ft), n. Handle; 

hUt. Haddock. 

Hac (hSg), n. An ugly 

old woman ; a fui^ ; a witch.— a. Wild ; wasted 
. t^ want or suffering. 
Hag'glO (hSg'gM), V. t. To cut into small pieces 

or make rough by cutting ; to tease ; to worry. 

— v. i. To be difBcult in bargaining ; to higgle. 
Hall (hS), interj. Exclamation of surprise. 
Ha— oa' (hS-hS'), n. A fence or bank sunk so as 

not to be seen. 

Hall (hSl), n. Frozen rain. — v. t. & i. [Hailbd 
(hald) ; HAiLDfo.] To pour down in icy parti- 
cles. — Hall'ltone' (-ston^), n. A frozen rain- 

Hall (hSl), a. Healthy ; sound. See Halv. »- 

imterj. An exclamation <rf salutation, ^n. A 
wish of health ; salutation. — v. t. To call after 
loudly ; to salute ; to name ; to call. — v. i. To 
report one's self, as when hailed from another 
ship at sea. 

Hair (hfir), n. A small tubular animal filament ; 
a mass of such filaments coveriue part of the 
body ; a very small distance. — Haix'y (-j^), a. 
Full of, or covered with, hair. — Hair^-nesa, 
n. — Halr'leia, a. Wanting hair. > Hall/- 
toeadth' (-bredthO, Hair's' Dreadtli', n. Di- 
ameter or breadth of a hair ; very small distance. 
— Hair 'llreadt]l^ a. Very narrow. ~ Hair'- 
1lm8]l^ n. A brush for smoothing the hair. ~ 
Halr'OlotlL', n. Cloth made of hair, or partly 
so.— Halr^drwM^ar, n. A barber. — Half;9lE^ 
n. A pin used in dressing the hair. — Halr'- 
aprlna', n. A fine wi^ which gives motion to 
the bfuance wheel of a timepiece. 

Hal'oy-on (hSl'8T-5n), n. The kin^her. — a. 
Resembling the halcyon, which is said to lay her 
^gs during the calm weather about the winter 
solstice; calm; peaceful; happy. 

Hale (hS), a. Sound ; heidthy ; robust. 

Hale (hal or h]|l), v. U [Halxo (hald or hgld) ; 
Halino.] To drag ; to haul. 

Hall (h&f), n.; p/. Halvxs (h&vs). One of two 
equal paits of a thing. — a. Consisting of a moi- 
e^, or half. — Half-way' (-wS'), adv. At half 
the distance ; partially. — a. Equally distant 
from the extremes ; midway. — adv. In part, 
or in an equal part or degree. — Half blood. 
Relation of persons having only one parent in 
common. — Hall meaavie. A weak line of 
action. — Half note. In music, a minim, half 
as long as a whole note. — Hall'— and-nall', 
n. A mixture of beer or porter and ale. — 
Half — lireed' (-bred'), n. One whose parents 
are of different races; esp., the offspring 
of Indians and whites. — Half '-lirotll'er 
(-brtttii'Sr), n. Brother by one parent only. — 
Half —baste' (-k&st'Y, n. One bom of a Hindoo 
and a European. — oall'-lieart'ed (-harfSd), 
a. Wanting in true affection ; ungenerous ; 
illiberal ; unkind. — Hall'-moon' (-moon'), n. 
The moon when half its disk appears illumi- 
nated. — Hall'-pOL-ny ( ha ' p8n -t^ or hUf'-), 
n. ; pi. Half-pence (-pens). An English coin 
worth half a penny, or its vsuue. — Hall'-SiS'ter 
(-sTs'tSr), n. Sister by one parent only. — HaU'- 
tone' (-tSn^), a. Made, as an engraving, by 
photographing and etching. — n. An engraving. 
— Hall'-Wit'ted (-wtftSd), a. Mentally weak. 

Hal'1-bat (h51T-biSt), n. A large sea flatfish, hav- 
ing a dark back and white belly. 

Hall (hal), n. Edifice or room of stately dimen- 
sions ; passageway at the entrance of a house ; 
manor house ; place of public assembly ; college. 

Hal'le-ln'lali (hSia«-iu'y&), Hal'lo-la'jalL, n. & 


fSni* recent* Itobt ryde. f yll. tan, food, f c^t, out. oil« cbair, go, sinst iQk, then, tbin. 




inierj Praiae je Jehonih ; — exclamation of 
praise to God. 

Kid-loo' (hU-loo'), n. Loud ezclamatioii to call 
attention or excite effort ; a shout. — «.<.& t. 
[Hallooed (-lood') ; Hallooino.] To cry out ; 
to encourage ; to hail, •^interj. Ho, there ! ho ! 

Hallow iyaxit), v. t. [hallowed (-Idd) ; HaIt- 
LOwiNG.] To make holy ; to consecrate. — Hal'- 
lOW-een' (-en'), n. The evening preceding All 
Saints' Day. — HallOW-nuui (-mSs), n. Feast 
of All Saints', or Allhallows (November 1). 

Hal-In'oi-na'tlon (hSl-lu^sT-na'shtLn), n. Error ; 
delusion of the imagination. 

Halo (hali), H. ; pi. Halos (-loz). A luminous 
circle round the sun or moon. 

Halt (hf^lt), n. A stop in marching ; a limp ; lame- 
ness. — V. t. & t. To stop ; to limp. — a. Lame. 

Halter (h^^'tSr), n. A strong strap or cord, 
for a horse, for hanging mtdefactors, etc. — 
V. t. [Haltsbbd (-tSrd) ; Hax/tebino.] To put 
a halter on. 

Halve (hav), V. t. [Halted (hSvd) ; Halyino.] 
To divide into two equal parts. — Halves (hSvz), 
n.ypl. of Half. 

Hal'yard (hSl'ySrd), n. A rope or tackle for ad- 
justing sails. 

Ham (hSm), n. The hind part of the knee ; a 
hog's thigh cured. 

Hames (hSmz), n, pi. Curved pieces fitted to a 
horse's collar to which traces are attached. 

Hamlet (hSmaSt), n. A small village. 

Ham'mer (hSm'mSr), n. An instrument for driv- 
ing nails, beating metals, etc. — v. /. & i. [Ham- 
HBBED (-mSrd) ; HAMMBBma.] To beat or form 
with a hammer; to strike repeatedly. 

Bamlnook (hSm^mSk), n. A hai^ng bed. 

Eam'l^er (hSm'per), n. 
A covered basket. — 
V. t. To put into a 

Ham^jfer (hSm'pSr), v. 

t. Jfo put a hamper or Hammock. 

fetter on ; to shackle ; 

to encumber. — n. A shackle ; an obstruction. 

Hapi'Strillg (hSm'strTng), n. One of the tendons 
of the ham. — v. t. [Hamstbttno ; Hamstrikg- 
XNo.] To disable by cutting the tendons of the 

Hand (hSnd), n. Extremity of the arm, with its 
fingers ; pointer of a clock, etc. ; measure of 
the hand's breadth (4 inches) ; side ; direction ; 
agent ; servant ; penmanship. — v. t. To give ; 
to deliver ; to lestd ; to conduct. — Hand'y (-j^)f 
a. Skillful with the hand ; adroit ; ready to the 
hand ; convenient. — Haxid'l-ly, adv. — Haxid'- 
l-nesB, n. — Hand bag. A satchel. — Hand 
organ. A barrel organ operated by a crank 

turned bjr the hand.— Hand1)lllM-bnOf'»- A 
loose printed sheet circulated by hand. — 

Hand1)00k' (-bJ^O* ^ ^ t>ook of reference ; 
amanuaL — Handlireadtll' (-brfidth'), n. Space 

aual to the breadth of the hand ; palm. — 
ind'onff (-ktifOt n. A fastening around the 
wrist ; manacle, —v. t. To manacle. — Hand'- 

fol (-f^l), n. / jp{. HANDruLs (-fylz). Aa muck 
as tiie hand will contain ; a sxnall quantity or 
number. — Hand'made' (-mad^), a. Manufac- 
tured by hand, not by machmery. — Hand'- 
saw' ('Bf^)i n. A saw used with one hand. — 
Hand'splke' (-spikO, n. A bar or lever for 
turning a windlass, etc. — Hand'wrlt^ing (-rif- 
liig)* n. The form of writing peculiar to each 
person; chirography; manuscript. 

Hand'1-oap (hSnMT-kSp), n. Allowance of time 
or distance to the weiJEer joixty in a race ; race 
in which such allowance is given.— v. t. To 
encumber with a handicap; to put at a disad- 

Hand'l-oraft (hSnd'T-kr&ft), n. Manual occupa- 
tion ; work performed by hand. 

Hand'l-ly, etc. See under Hand, n. 

Hand'i-work^ (hSndl-wfirkO, n. Work d(me by 
the hands. 

Hand'ker-oUef (hSnn^Sr-chTf), n. A cloth for 
wiping the face, etc. ; neckerchief ; neckcloth. 

Han'dle (hSn'd'l), v. t. [HAin>LED (-d'ld) ; Hav- 
DLiNo (-dlTng).] To touch; to hold with the 
hand ; to manage ; to make familiar by frequent 
touching ; to discuss. — n. The part of an in- 
strument held in the hand when used. 

Hand'maid' (hSnd'madO, Hand'niald'e]|(-*n),n. 
A female servant or attendant. 

Hand organ, etc. See under Hand, n. 

Hand'some (hSn'sfim), a. Agreeable to the eye ; 
attractive ; comely ; graceful ; appropriate ; am- 

Han'dy, etc. See under Hand, n. 

Hang (hSng), V. t. [Hanged (hSngd) or Hxnm 
(hang); Hanging.] To suspend; to put to 
death by suspension by the neck on the gidlowa. 
»- V. i. To be suspended ; to dangle ; to depend ; 
to impends to lean. — n. Maimer in which one 
thing depends on another ; arrangement ; plan. 
iColloq.^ — "EKngfn (hSng'er), n. One who, or 
that which, hangs, or by which a thing ia sna- 
pended ; a short sword ; a pendent bracket sap- 
porting shafting. — Hang'ing (-Tn^), n. Death 
by suspension ; pi. drapery decorating a room. — 
HangHblrd' (-berdO* n. The Baltimore oriole, 
which suspends its nest from a tree. — Hang'- 
dog' (-d5g'), n. A degraded fellow ; a sneak. 
» a. Low ; sneaking. — Hang^man, n. One 
who hangs another ; public executioner. — 
Han^'nalP (-nalO> n* A small piece of skin 
hanging from the root of a fingernail ; an agnaiL 

Hank (hSnk), n. Parcel of two or more ^eina 
tied together. 

HanOcer (hSn'kSr), v. i. To long for ; to crave. 

Hap (hSp) , n. That which comes unexpectedly ; 
chance ; fortune ; fate ; lot. — v. i. To hap- 
pen ; to befall. — Hap'liaz^ard ( hSp ' hSa ' Snl 
or hSp'hSz'-), n. Extra hazard ; chance ; acci- 
dent ; random. — Hap'less (hSp^Ss), a. With- 
out luck; unhappy. —Haplyt adv. By hap, 
chance, or accident ; perhaps. — Hap'lpen (-p*n)i 
V. i. To come by chance ; to fall out ; to occur. 

Hap'py (hSp'pj^), a. [Happzeb; Hafpiebt.] 
Favored by hap, luck, or fortune ; fortunate ; 

&•«•!, 5. a, long: tt,6,I.5,tt.t>a>u>rt;Mnftte,dvent,tdea,6bey.anite,cftre.ttnn,Adc,9]l,fliud, 


dengUsd) iMiUill«d| proipeiDiui lopplying 

Ba-nn^a^ (hi-rftiig'), n. A speech to a lar^ 
aasembly ; popular oration ; devUmatlon ; rant- 
ing. — c. i. & I. [HiBiHonK.'l ; Hl- 
BAKauit'aJ To addreu eameotly at uokolly. 

[mportumty or petpleiitj^ to tire ; to teoae, 
Hu'W-gsI' |liu'l]lTi-iSO, ». A forerunner. 
HirniaT Th^r'ber), n. A plus of lecuritj and 

oomlott; aaylumi refuge for .hips; port; hiven. 

—v.t. [HUEOEED (-bird) ; HisBouxa.] To 

Hua (hard), a. Hot wf t ; difflcult to penetrate, 


sulyi Burne^Oj; with difficulty ; via- 
rspidly; yiolentlj. — Hirtll, <"tv. 
IBB, n. — Eird'an, v.l.&i. [Hud- 
i\\ ■ I1iffnvmf44.1 Tn make or become 
liard. — V^ttf- 

hard.^Hlifaislt,a< Some^ha 
Blllp,fL Athinghudtobeftii 

» Injv^ce- 
Bu41tk, Hartll 

.1 priTBl 

Ut1j,ttc Bee under HABIMt 
{hifrd'wgtO. "■ W«B nuidB of iron, 

Sar''a7 (hiii'djj.'a. [HABom: HimmT.] 
Bold! braiej stout i rohust ; impudsut. — 
Hoid'l-lr, uili'. — HBid'l-nsu, Haid'l-lLOOd 

Hub (bSr), tl k nwift. timid todent, hiring 

and dlTided upper lip- — 
ElT«ninlllSll' (-brand'), 
a. Wild; fflddy I lieed- 
leu. — Hirtfllp' (IV), 

Ha'ram (hi'rSm), n. Tie ^ 

Barl-«Ot (hlr'«^), n. A Oew ot meat and 

Bll^diark},' V. i. To heurk™. —S,leH°' Hear 1 
H«rlnnla(hi(rTt-krno.-k»Iii),n. A buffoon. 

Hum'MiR. InjuriDUB. — HamlMi.i. Free 

SOI'IIUKny (M&r'nift-nf), n. GDrreapondence of 
partB to eacb other ; agreement in facta, opin- 

(-oiomk), Hir-monlo-al (-I-knl), t. Con- 
M t-J-toi), n. A iuBlcal Inrtriiment of .Ibra- 

:h other; aju 

aijr. — Hai-mn^-mn (-nl-flm), n. 

ceeda. ~ Hu'IB»'Blza (lilir'inl-iili), v. 

[ullBM (liir'neB), n. Equipments of i 
tacktoi part of a loom guiding am thi 
«. (. [BiSHuaiD (-nast) ; HaEHxaau 

EU7 (b&ip), n. A muBical Htringei 
^ v. i. To play on tbe harp ; 

nouely (on ■ tooie). — Hail'lst, 
Hup'Wt ». A plajru on Cbs 

[(T-poon' ( hiir.poan'), n. A 
barbed Siliing epear. — t. (. To 
Btrike, catch, or kill with a 

Hai^ (bSr-pJ). n, ,- pi. Hakim ^ 

id tlltiiyi an eitor- 

babitlng Mexico and 

Har'il-»r(hlr^![-?r), n. 

A hound (or bunting 
(-rid); Habm. 

HuTt (hErrriP), if. (. THauil 

IMS.] To BtTip 1 to nnage. 
EuSh (harsli). a. Bough to 

feeling ; grating ; auMere ; eetere. 
Hut (hSrt), n. A itig ; male deer. 
HutB^gni' (hKrtB^Sni'), n. The horn of the 

hart. — Spini ol haitBhom. A eolution of 

HufnM-BAnr'uii (hftr^rim-amr^ Bni ), a. Wild ; 

Hir^ait IhHr'Tftit), n. The gathering a crop, or 

labor i ^u. — v. l'. To reap or gather (a ripe 
erap). — H«I'Tt»t-»I. n. One who harveets ; 
a machine lor cutting and gathering grain ; a 

Haa (lifi«)i 3d per, ting. 
Hub (hleh>, n. Hatte^ 

HuH'MBll (hlBhre^), I 
Haslat (hl»a«t)%."'ii 
Bup (liiep), n. A cl> 


1, ncuit, tVib, r^da, fvU, firn, ftftod, ftHx, ant, all, chair, co, aiuc, ink, Cbui, tl 




[HAsnD (hbpt) ; Hawiho.] To shot or fasten 
with a hasp. 

Eai'B0Ck(hSB'8fik),n. A cushion for kneeling on 
in ohorcfa, or for home use. 

Eait (hSst). 2dpers, sing. ores, of Bjlym. 

Easte (hast), n. Celerityof motion ; speed ; quick- 
ness ; hurry.— Haste, oaB^tan (haa^'n), v,i.&i. 

rash..— Eaa'tl-ly, adv. — HaB^-ness, n. 

Eat (hSt), n. A cover for the head. — Hat'tar, n. 
One who makes or deals in hats. 

.Hatoll (hSch), V. t. [Hatched (hScht) ; Hatch- 
UTG.] To produce (birds, etc.) from eras; to 
contrive or plot ; to concoct. — v, t. To pro- 
duce young ; to come forth from the egg. «-n. 
A brood ; a number of birds produced at once ; 
development; discovery. 

Eatoll (hSch), V. i. To cross (a drawing) with 
lines of shading. — Hatoblng, n. Shading of 
an engraving, etc., bv cross lines. 

Eatob (hSch), n. A door in a ship's deck, ware- 
house floor, etc. —V. U To close with hatches. 
— Hatch'waT' (-wa^), n. An opooing for pas- 
sage throiwh a deck or floor. 

Eatch'el (hSch'Sl), n. A toothed instrument for 
cleansing flax.— v. I. [Hatohslxd or Hatch- 
BLLSD (-Sid); Hatchxlino or Hatghbllino.] 
To comb (flax, hemp, etc.).^— Eatoll'el-ar, n. 

Hatoh'et (hSch'fit), n. A small ax with a short 
handle, to be used with one hand. 

Eate (hat), v, i. To dislike greatly ; to detest ; to 
loathe. — n. Strcmg dislike or aversion ; hatred. 
Hat'er, n.— Hataw (-fyl), a. Manifesting 
hate ; exciting or deserving great dislike or dis- 
gust; detestskUe; abominable; loathsome; re- 
pufl^iant. — Ha'tred (hS'trSd), n. Very great 
dii^Like; ill-will; enmity; animosity; loathing; 
rancor; malignity; antipathy. 

Batter, n. See under Hat, n. 

Eailgllty (b{/tj^), a. High ; loftv; proud ; arro- 
gant; scornfiil; imperious. — Eavgll^-ly (-tT- 
Ij^), adv. — Havgli'tl-neaB, n. 

Eanl (hal), V. i. &i. [Haulbo (hj^ld) ; HAULrae.] 
To pull or draw forcibly ; to drag. — n. Violent 

SuU ; draught ; quantity (of fish) taken at one 
raught of a net. — Haul'er, n. 
yawlm (hjim), n. Stem or stalk of grain ; straw. 
FflTlTlftTl (hltnch), n. The hip ; part of the body 
between ribs and thigh ; the part of an arch on 
either side of its • 


flaunt (hSnt), v. i. 

& i. To visit 

persistently, as a 

ghost ; to f r e - 

quent.— n. Place . . „ ^ ^ . . 

of frequent re- A A Haunches of an Arch. 

sort. — Havnt'er, n. 
Eaufboy (hS'boi), n. A wooden wind Instrument 

with vibrathig reed ; an oboe. 
EaTB (hSv), V. t. [Had (hSd); Haviho.] To 

possess ; to hold ; to own ; to enjoy. 

Ea^m (hi^'n), n. Harbtnr; port ; place of shel- 
ter; asylum. 

Eav'er-aaok (hSy'Sr-sSk), n. A case f or canying 
food, ammunition, etc. 

EaY'OO (hSv^SlE), n. Destruction ; waste. 

Eaw (hft), n. A hed^ ; fruit of the hawthorn. 

Haw (h{t), n. A hesitation of speech, —v. i. To 
speak with hesitation. i 

Eaw (hft), v.i.&U [Hawkd (hftd) ; HAwnre.] 
To turn (oxen, etc) to the near side, or toward 
the driver. 

Eawk (bftk), n. A bird of prey resemblmg 
the falcon. — v. i. [Hawked (hftkt); Hawk- 
nia.] To catch birds by means of hawks ; to 
soar or strike like a hawk. — Eawk'-eyed' 
(-id^), a, Sharp^Bighted ; discerning. 

Eawk (hf^), V. i. To make a noisy effort to 
force up puegm. — v. t. To raise (phlegm). — 
n. Noisy raising of phlegm. 

Eawk ( w), V. t. To sell by outcry ; to peddle. 
— Eawk'er, n. 

Eawae (hfiz or h^s), n. The situation of caUss 
before a vessel's stem, when moored witii two 
anchors; distance ahead to wldch cables ex- 
tend.— Eawse kole. A hole in a ship's bow 
f or passage of a cable.— Eawa'totn. A small* 
cable or large rope. 

Eawtliorn' (hft'thdm'), n. A shrub having a 
fruit called luxw^ used for hedges. 

Eay(ha), n. Grass dried for fodder, ^v i. Tb 
dry grass for preservation. — Hay fevar. Nasal 
catarrh, affecting some persons in spring and 
summer. — Eaypreaa. A press for baling loose 
hay. — EkT'OOOk'. n. A pile of hay, in the field. 
— EayHoft'. n. A loft or scaffold for hay. — 
EaylnoW (-mou^), n. A mass of hay laid up In 
a bam for preservation ; place for storing bay. 
— EaytlOv (-rtkO, n. Hay piled for preaerra- 
yation in the open air. — Eay^Staok^ (-BtSk')* «• 
A conical pile of hay in the ojien air. 

Eaz'ard (h&z'STd), n. Chance; danger; peril; 
risk. — V. t. To expose to chance or evil ; to 
venture ; to risk. — oas'ard-OlUl (-Qs), o. Per- 
ilous; bold; uncertain.- Eas'azd-Oia-ly, adv. 

Eazo (hSz), n. Thin mist or fog ; dinmess. — Ea'- 
zy (ha'^), a. Thick with hase ; obscure. 

Eaar(haz), v. t. [Hazed (hasd) ; HAznra.] To 
vex with chiding ; to play abusive tricks upon. 

Ea'Ml (hS'z'l), n. A shrub bearing edible nuts ; 
fllbert. — a. Of a light brown color, like the 
hazelnut — Ea'Ml-nnt (-ntlf ), n. Fruit of the 

Ha'zy, etc. See under Haze, n. 

He (he), pron. The man or male person nameo 
before. —a. Male. 

Head (hSd), n. The upper part of tiie body ; the 
chief; front; source; ear of grain; power; force. 
— t'. t. & i. To lead ; to direct ; to get in front of ; 
to form a head. — Head'er, n. — EeAdlnf , n. 
Material for heads of casks ; title ; caption. — 
Headleaa, a. Having no head ; beheaded ; with- 
out a leader ; without prudence ; rash. — Head'y 
S^), a. Willful; rash; intoxioaldiw; violent. — 
eadl-neaa,*!.— Head'aehe'(hSd^'>,n. Pain 

ft, S, 1, 5, G, long ; ft, «, I, ft, tt, tt "hort : senftte, 6 vent, tdea. 6bey, Unite, cftxe, ftrm, ftsk, nU, flnaL 




tothebead. — HMid'drwM'C-drSsOfn* Adnta 
m covering for the head. — Hoadland, n. A 
cape ; promontory. •— Headlong^ (-15ug^), adv. 
With the head foremost ; rashly ; precipitately ; 
without delay or respite. —a. Rash; precipi- 
tate; steep. —Headi^ieoe' (-pSs^)* »• Armor 
for the head ; understanding. — Head'anarten 
(-kwar'tSrz), n. pL Quarters or residence of any 
chiexolficer ; center of authority. — Head'sllip, 
n. Authority or dignity ; chief place. — Heads'- 
man (hfida'man), n. An executioner. — Head'- 
tfprlng' ( hSd'sprTnff' ), n. Fountain; source; 
origin. — Head'staU' (-BtftlO, n. A part of a 
bridle encompassing the head. — Head%troilg' 
(-strSng'), a. Not easily restrained ; obstinate ; 
unruly. — Head'way'(-wl'),n. Progress made 
by a ship in motion ; momentum ; height under 
an arch, over a stairway, eta 

Boal (hel), V. L [HsALBD (hSld) ; HsALnrOw] To 
cure ; to reconcile. — v. i. To become sound. 

Haaitll (hSlth), n. State of being sound or whole, 
in body, min^ or soul ; a wUh of health and 
happfaiess.— Haaltllllll (-fyl)« a. Free from 
disMse; well; wholesome; siJutary.— Haaltll'y 
(rf), a. Behig !n a state of hoRlth; sound; 
wholesome; salutary. 

Heap QiSp), n. Pile; crowd. « 9. t [Hsazbd 
(hept); HKAFina/1 To pile; to accumulate. 

H«ar (hSr), V. L [Hbabd (hSrd) ; HsABiNe.] To 
perceive by the ear; to listen to; to heed; to 
favor. ^ tF. i. To perceive sound ; to listen ; to 
be told. — Haar'ari n. — Hear^big, n. Sense of 
perceiving sound ; audience ; listening to facts 
and evidence, for adjudication. 

Haaik'flll (hi&rk'*n}, v. i. [HBABKonsD (-'nd); 
Hbabkbnino.I To listen; to give heed. 

Hear'say (hSr'sS'), n. Beport; mnor ; common 

Haaxaa (bSrs), n. Carriage for conveying the 
dead to the grave. 

HMit (hi&rt), n. Muscular organ which keeps up 
the circulation of the blood ; seat of ^-^^.-^ 
the affections; inmost or essential (^] 
part ; vital portion ; courage ; spirit ; a \ J 
figure like that in the margin ; a play- \X 
ing card distinguished by that figure, tr^.^ 
— Hearty (h»rt^), a. Proceeding ***»^ 
from the heart; sound ; firm; sincere; warm; 
vigorous. — HaalMlB, a. Without a heart, 
affection, or courage ; spiritless. » HMZt'aolia' 
(4Dc'), n. Sorrow ; mental pang. — Heaxtliro'- 
ken (-br5^k*n), a. Deeply gneved. — Heart'- 
Imm' (-bQrnOf n. Burning sensation in the 
stomach. — Heartffelt' (• fSlt' )» a. Sincere ; 
deep. — Heart'slck^ (-sYkO, a. Very despond- 
ent; low-spirited. 

Heartk ( hSrth ), n. The floor of a fireplace. — 
HMXtk'ltone' (-stSn^), n. A stone forming the 
hearth; fireside; home. 

.HeaitV-eaae' (hSrts^ezO* n. Peace or tranquil- 
lity of feeling ; a species of violet ; pansy. 

Heat (h5t), n. Caloric; groat warmth; glow; 
fiush; a single effort; rage; anger; fermenta- 
tion, —v. L&i, To make or grow hot. 

Heafk (hflth), n. A low, evergreen, flowering 
shrub ; a place overgrown with heath. 

Heathen (hS'tfa'n), n. A pagan ; an idolater. ^ 
a. Gentile ; pagan. — Hea'uen-dom (-dfim), n. 
Fart of the world where heathenism prevails ; 
heathen nations collectively. — Hea^uaL-lBk* 
a. Belonging to the heathen; savage; inho- 
man. — Heatken-Um (-Tz'm), n. Paganism. 

Heatk'er (hSth'Sr), n. Heath. —Heatk'er-y (-7), 
a. Heathy; abounding in heather. 

Heave (hSv]), v, t limp, Hravxd (hSvd) or Hovn 
(hSv) ; p, p, Hkavsd, Hovn, formerly Hovbh 
(hS'v'n) ; p. pr. Hkavino.] To lift ; to raise ; to 
elevate ; to uurow off. — v. i. To be raised ; to 
swell ; to labor ; to trv to vomit. »n. Rising ; 
swell ; pi, a disease c£ horses; broken wind. — 
Heavier, n. 

Heay'en ( h8v^ ), n. Bejgfion of the air ; sky ; 
dweUing-plaoe or immediate presence of God ; 
home of the blessed; great felicity; bliss.— > 
HeaY'en-ly (-15^), a. Pertaining to heaven ; ce- 
lestial; perfect; pure. — Heav'OL-wardC-wSrd), 
a. & adv. Toward heaven. 

HeaYes. See under Hkavs. 

HeaY^T (bSv^), a. [HajLYiEB; Hsatibt.] 
Heaved or lifted with labor ; weighty ; diificult 
to move or to bear; oppressive; burdened; 
dow; slc^fgish; dull; stupid; loud; low, or 
deep; impeding motion; roEtdy to rain. ^ adv. 
With great weight ; ponderously. 

Hebrew (hS^rn), n. A Jew ; language of the. 
Jews. ■■ a. Relating to the Hebrews. — Ee- 
kralo (h«-br5tk), a. Pertaining to the He> 
brews, or their language. 

Heo'taxe' (hfik'tftr/; F, tk/tttrO, n. A metrio 
measure of area, containing a hundred arest or 
10,000 square meters, or 2.4711 English acres. 

HectiO (b&'tTk), a. Habitual; constitutional; 
consumptive. *- n. A fever of irriti^on and 
debility; consumption. 

Heoto-nam (hSk'to-gribn), n. A metric measure 
of weight, containing a hundred grama or about 
3.527 ounces avoirdupois. 

HeotO^gxapk (hSk'ti-grSf ), n. A contrivance for 
multiple copying from a surface of gelatin. 

Hecto-U'ter (WSkfttA9t3iT or h6k.tSl^.tSr), n. 
A metric liquid measure of capacity, containing 
a hundred litres; a tenth of a cubic meter, 
nearly 26^ gallons of wine measure. 

HectO-me'ter (hfiktft-me'tSr or hSk-tSm'ft-tSr), 
n. A metric measure of length, equal to a hun> 
dred meters, or nearly 328.09 English feet. 

Heotor (hSk'tSr), n. A bully; noisy fellow.-* 
v,t.&i, [Hkctorkd (-tSrd) ; Hxctorino.] To 
bluster ; to tease ; to vex. 

HeotO-stere' (hfik'tft-stSr' or -sttrO, n. A metric 
measure of solidity, containing one hundred 
cubic meters, or 3,^1.05 cubic feet. 

Hed'dle (h8dM*D, n. One of the sets of parallel 
doubled threaas of the harness in a weaver*s 
loom ; a heald which guides the warp threads. 

Hedge (hSj), n. A thicket or fence of bushes. . 
—V. t. To fence with a hedge; to protect.—* 
V. i. To shelter one*s self ; to skulk ; to bet on 

fSm, recent, drb, r^de, f^, tim, ftfbd« f<rot, out, oil. cbair, go, sins, fQk, then, tliin. 


B«U(li81>.>i. FUcsof tbedud; ■ 

All <.hel), V. 

Hatt (Ult). n. Weight ; poodnnm 

KatPn (h^i'ir), n. AyounKCOw. 

Bdcht (lA), mibt, n. CoDdttlon 

ui eleTitt«d posltloa ; Hltltiide : 

BtUkfan, BKbftii, v. I. To 

Bsllunu (ba'DlU), a. HXclul; 

Etb (*r}i fl' Ona wbo iDheriU | 
inotlHT. — H«to'*W(-Sa),n. Al 
BStltOOB' (fc'Mram'), B. A pL(. 

proparty, duceodi 

RIkIhe or Kttlng nt lite 
Hrt^;011(hai1-kal), a. 

.■mpl II 
isfiograpby ; 

l-Bt (li^'4-kal), a. 
18 lime, u tha - - 
or perUlning 

tha nin ; an opiuratiiA lor t<lefcrtiphuiff bj 
lUB'a nji- -Hs-ll-^m-phT C-Bg^*-9). »■ 
I takhif plotuna by meaiiB ta tha nm and a 

Etil-»-1IIM <hihl-t-UGp). n. A Tary tneniit 
pUnt, calLad alao tanuoU and giraaolc - -- '- 
■CnimeDt for tignaJlng to adisUnca by I 

hellotypy. —HaTl-o-tTpy (-'"-"' - 

by llthography- 
BfOlz Ihi'inu), n. ; 
dI.L. HiucuCMI'- 

(h^Iki-Rt). Atpi- 

Ki S, 1, a. a. Imii ; fe, •, I, tt, O. f. ill 

. .It) lobi. imp. J 
(b51p],o.j].Hoi«B(hd'- C 

nliof; In AmericK, ■ domefltic 

servant Http**!, n. — BtlptnLo. Ftunlsb- 

ing help ; nultd ; vboletmaa. — Bllplws, a. 
U^atitrxta of help or Btrength i faable ; beyond 
help ; bTemadlBble. ~ HalB^nitft' ( -mat' ). »• 
A helper ; a oompmlaiu — Hg^'mraf (-mSl'}. 

Haltn-skaitU' (haiSr-akn'tSt), ado. la bur- 
Hair* (liRv), n. The handle of u u. — v. (. 
[HiLviD (hSiTd) ; Hn-vuia.] To lumuh with 

m {Mm), inierj. i 




asa.-\ ^^IdudKW 



H««1-ltl»]l(bBin'(*«k>,B. HdtapDatJCTerH. 
BOB'LlRk (hImlGk), n. A polKnunu barb ! a|pk>. 
no evergraen tree o£ U ortb America ; buDlock 

HUB'n-tlMCt (bBrntlr-iij), n. A How ot Mood 

c2. Tubercle! around the uua, diicharglng 

Hamp (hSmp), n. A plant barlnft a flbroae ikm 
uoed for maJdng clotb and cordage. — Hntip'aii 
(bflmp^^n). a. Made of heinp. 

Bob (h«n),n. AteRi*leUr<l.~Han'bufCh«n'- 
bin'). n. A Darcotie plant, polaonoui to fowls. 

Hum (hfllifl), adv. Fnin thie place, time, raa- 

eoD, origin, or cauee. — HuiWtaTa' (bSna'- 

"- "-■ - hemrtSrth'), HtoWtOt^ait (-«r'- 

■ - I tto time forward. 

w8rd), adv. From it 

Hfi^-oliaia (bip'ti-kerd). n. 

Hfp^-IOB (b(paik«an), n. i 

■. S'ent.tdea, Obey. Quite, cftia, Mr 



■OTOi ildsi ud HTBD uglea. — Hn-tM^B 
(Up-tfa^-nal), a. HBiing bcvbh ildH. — Hi 
tui'KB^ (-Us'ga-lSr), a. UKing HvaD > 

H^TMOll-y (Mp-tilrk-r), n. OowimBntbj, 

4 CDunCrv gov0n>ed bj, Hreo penoiu. 
Bit (lii^T), prm. A a. Foatouve aad objKtl 

BW>U (bb'ald), n. Ancleutl;, an ottcci wl 
procUimed piwcfl or Wi barfi mesBB^H from ti 
cammAiHlar ol jm army. Ate ; DOWt h tirocUinu 
lomunner ; precunor. — v. I. [Hauuiw 
HCBiuHira.1 To gin tidluga of ; to proclaii 
— B»TaPUO (b»-r«'dlk), a. F«rta<Dli«tobe 
mid* orbeialdry.— HW»ia-rT (h«r'ald-rj), 
The mrt or office of a benld ; thA kIaiica of i 
cordliw gnwalAeteA mod bUionlDB umik 

Bub ^ or Mrb), n. A pbwt hiving * »ft 
tuccolBnt Btam, that diu BiATj jtax. — HuVr 
(-V), Ho^lM'MOU (hSr-lH/glifla), a. FerUln- 
&ig to berbi. —JMVag* (KrbVj or hSrb^j). fi. 
Herb* coUectiTOly ; gnn : putun. — HaVtl 
(barl/al), ». Abookon^ta; ftcoUeclionaf 

K~ ata. _ o. PeitilnlDg to hsrha. — BoIKlI- 
B. OnAaklllAdlnpUDta. — B«r-bl»'0-reBI 
(hlr-blT^-cHa), a. Feeding on Tsgetabbii. 
Bo-om'to-lB (hcr-kll^AD), a. [From HereaU 
moat lamoua of Onek heroea, celebrated (< 
■tnnigth, andfor tWAl¥B difflanlt labora.] Tei 
VTAat, difficult, or dangeioua ; harliig eitno: 

Evtt(liilTd),n. Acollectlosof be»U; ndron: 


i-Slt. Ton 

clatA in a herd, or iD a, (omiany. — H 

(hird'man), Bndi'mu (talrdi'iiKUl), n. Ai 
owner or kAAper of herdt. — Bnd'B nus. I 
graaa, of aeveral epecleBi valuaUe for haj, 
HVdlo jhSr'drk), n. A kind of low-hDng cab. 

Ho (hSr'drk), n. A kind of 1 
(hir), adv. In tliEt plKa oi 
r. — Hns'k-koBt' (XbonV), 

WBrl, adv. 

tntiueaiii^eaceorMi^.— Hm-by' (-tn'lii 
Bv meana of tUa. ~-B«n-lIl' l-Tn'), adv. 
thia. — KvMF (-«'«■ -fiv'J.aav. Of or from 
thia; banca. — Ha»4B' (-Sn'), Bm'Bp.oIi' 
(-ttp-Bn'l, adp. On or upon thla. — asTi-to' 
(-165^. HWnn-lo' (-Bn-tooO, odr. Untothia: 
to thta time. — Han'to-fDn' (-t<K-t9r'), adv. 
PonnArW. — Bn^-wltk' (with' or .with'), 
adv. With Chia, — Hnv uul am. In a dla- 
peried manner ; iiTBgnlarly. — RBltkaT km 

tbBia. To no puTpOH ; m 

n-U-ry (ht-redt-U-rT). o. 

K'e-tlO (-tlh), n 

buD Aonuu Gatholio 

H»-nyt<al (bI.rn<T-ka]i, a. Contalnii 


{blr-mit'rt-dlt),ii. As an 

Hn-maVlg (bBr-mStIk), H 

ai>t^B«l-lr. adv. 

Bo'mlt IbSi'inft). n. Aieclnaa; an anchoret 

one who livsa in aolilude from religion. motlTe. 

— Eai'mlt-kgi (4]), n. Habiution of a hai 


H tbrougb tba locloalngmembraaA; rnf^ 
Bairu-d (.(ill, a. PArtalningtobemlL . 
'^it), n. ; pi. OMMoa i-tSt). A man of ' 

tBlt-jf ), n. Nalunl hia- 

Ho^lllll (hSr'rTng). n. A 
amoll nab which mlgrat«a 


a of Europe uid 
^rt), prvR. Be. 

Bwl.Utlam (-tPahlhi), 

11. — H»»-p»^^a {-pffrl- 
Heil<bg>t).R. Command; pre 


H«t'«I-0-dOI'?(-J),n. Kereay. . . 

irt'tHWlW-OlU (h«t/8r.S-je'- / \ 

nS-Oa) a. Differing in kind. / \ 

:*W (hu), o. /. (imp. HawTD / \ 

7hud) : p. p. HawED or Eews \ / 

bnn| ; p. pr. emsa.] To\ / 

Bu-u'o-iul (hfta^lgt-nol), a. 
ea andalx an^lea. 




HtZ'a-he^dnm (h8ks'&-hS'dr5n), n. A Mdid body 

of six equal sides ; a cube. 
Hox-am'»-tar (heks-Smf6-tSr), n. A poetic Terse 

of six feet. 
Hez-an'gn-lar (hSks-Sn'gfi-lSr), a. Having six 

angles or comers. " 
E07 (hi}, Hey'day' (hS'dS^), tnterj. Expression 

of exultation or wonder. 
Hl-lMT^ial (bt-ber'ual), a. Belonging to winter. 

— Hl'ber-nate (hl'ber-nat), v. i. To winter ; to 
pass the whiter in seclusion or torpor. —7 Hl'- 
Der-nation (-na'shiSn), n. A hibernating. 

Hl-ber'Xli-an (-bSr'nT-an), a. Pertaining to Hi- 
beniia, now Ireland ; Milesian. — n. Irishman. 

— Hl-ber^-an-l8m (-Tz*m), Hl-ber^xd-olam 

(-sTz'm), n. Idiom peculiwr to the Irish. 

Hlo'COagJl (bTk^iip), n. A spasmodic inspira- 
tion, producing a sudden sound. — r. i, [Hic- 
oouoHKD (-k&pt); H1CCOU6HIH6.] To have a 
convulsive catch of the respiratory muscles. 

EllA/»-ry (bTk^-rj^), n. An American nut-bear- 
ing tree. 

Hid (hTd), Hid'don (htd^'n), p. p. of Hms. 

Hl-dal'go (hT-dXl'gi), n. A Spanish nobleman of 
the lowest class. 

Hide (hid), V. t, & i. limp. Hid (hTd) ; p. p. Hid- 
den (hid'd'n), Hid ; p, pr. HiDmo (hIdTug).] 
To withhold from sight ; to conceal ; to secrete. 

Hide (hid), n. Skin of a beast.— HldeOMUnd' 
(hidebound'), a. Having the skin (of an animal) 
or bark (of a tree) tight and immovable ; big- 
oted; stupidly conservative. 

Hld'a-OU (hTd'Tf-fis), a. Frightful or shocking 
to the eye or ear ; horrid ; dreadful ; terrible. 

Hie (hi), V. i. [Hied (hid) ; HTmo.] To hasten. 

Hl'er-0-glypji (hi'Sr-i-giTf), Hi'er-o-glypli'lo 

(-gltf'tk«), n. A sacred 
character; picture-writing 
of the ancient Egyptian 
priests ; cliaracter or figure 
having a mysterious signifi- 
cance. — Hl^e-ro-KlTpnlo, 

a. EmUematic ; expressing 
meaning by symbols ; ob- 
scure ; enigmatical. — Hl'- 

er-o-glypli'lo-al-ly, adv. 
flte'gle (htg'g'l), V. <. To 

about for sale ; to chaffer. — Hlg'gler, n 
Hlgb (hi), a. Elevated ; lofty ; sublime ; distin- 

Sished ; eminent ; exorbitant ; dear. — culv. 
oft; eminently; prof oundly. — n. Elevated 
place. — Hlgllly, adv. — Hlgh'AeBB, n. State 
of being high ; title of princes and men of rank. 
—Right, n. See Hbioht, n.— High priest. 
Chief priest ; esp., chief of the Jewish priest- 
hood. — Highlioni' (-b6mO, a. Of noble birth. 

— Hlgh'-flOWn' (hi'flonO, a. Elevated ; 
proud; turgid; extravi^ant. — Hlgh'-hand'- 
ed (-hSnd/fid), a. Overbearing; oppressive; 
arbitrary. — Hlgh'-mlad'ed, a. Having hon- 
orable pride ; magnanimous. — Hlgh'-pres'- 
■nre (-prfish'dr), a. Having a pressure (of 
steam, water, etc., in a boiler, engine, etc.) 

carry provisions 

greatly exceeding that of the atmoephere. — 
Elgh^-«plr'lt-ed (hi'spTr/U-Sd), a. Full 
of spirit; irascible; bold; dacing. — ffigh'- 
toned' (-tSndO, a. High in tone or sound; 
honorable.— Hlgh^- wrought' (-rf^), a. 
Worked up or swollen to a great degree. 

Hlgh'land (hinand), n. Elevated land; moun- 
tainous T^on. — Hlghland-er, n. An inhabit- 
ant of high lands, esp. of the ffighland* of 

Hlghfroftd' (hFrSdO, n. A highway ; main road. 

Hlgll'way (lu'wa^), n. A public road ; a way 
open to all passengers. — High 'way' man 
(-man), n. One who robs on the public road ; 
a highway robber. 

Hl-la'ri-0118 (ht-15'rT-fis or hT-), a. Mirthful; 
merry ; Jolly. — Hl-lar'i-ty (-IXr^-t^), n. 
Glee ; cheerfulness ; exhilaration ; jollity. 

HUl (hll), n. An eminence leas than a mountain ; 
earth raised about the root of a plant ; a cluster 
of plants growing close together. » v. /. To 
surround \rith earth. — Hlll^ (-j^), a. Abound- 
ing with hiUs. — HlUI-nesa, n. — HlU'OOk 
(-ttk), n. A small hill. 

HUt (liTlt), n. Handle of a sword, etc 

Him (hTm), pron. Objective case of he, — HlB- 
self^ (-sHf'), pron. Emphasized form of he; 
having command of himself ; in his true char- 
act«r. — By hlmseU. Alone ; unaccompanied. 

Hind Oiind^, n. Female of the red deer or stag. 

Hind (hind), n. A peasant ; rustic ; boor. 

Hind (hindy, a. On the rear.— Hlnd'tr (hind'- 
Sr), a. Of or belonging to that part in the 

rear. — Hlnd'er-moat, Elnd'nioil^ (-mSaf ), a. 

Behind all others. 
Hln'der (hTu'dSr), v. t. [Hihdhbbd (-dSrd) ; Hnr- 

DESiKO.] To prevent the progress of ; to stop ; 

to counteract; to thwart; to arrest; to im 

pede ; to delay. — t'. i. To cause impediments. 

— Hln'dranoe (hTn'drans),Htn'der-aiioe (-d8r- 

ons), n. An impediment ; obstacle ; restnint. 
Hlnd'er-moat, etc. See under Hotd, a. 
Hln'dOC, Hln'dn (hTn'dSo), n. A native of ffin* 

dostan. — Htn'doo-sta'nee (-stK'nS), HlB'da- 

Bta'nl, a. Pertaining to the Hindoos or their 

language. — n. Languid of the Hindoos. 
Htn'dranoef n. See under Hinder, v. t. 
Hinge (hTnj), n. A joint on which a door, gate, 

lid, etc., turns, —r. t. [Hinged (hinjd) ; Hni- 

oiNO (hTn'jTnff).] To furnish with hinges.— 

V. i. To stand, depend, or turn, as on a hinge. 
Hint (hTnt), v. t. To bring to mind by a alight 

mention or allusion ; to sugg^ ; to insinuate ; 

to imply, —v. i. To make indirect reference. 

— 71. Slight mention ; intimation; suggestion. 
Hln'ter-land (hTn'tSr-lSnd ; G. -l&nt), n. I^nd 

behind a district along the coast. 
Hip (hTp), n. Joint of the thigh ; haoncb ; ex* 

temal angle formed by the meeting of two 

sloping sides of a roof. —v. t. [Hiffbd (hTpt) ; 

Hipping.] To dislocate the hip ; to disable. 
Elp (hlp)f **• Fruit of the dog-rose. 
Hlp'po-dxome (hTp'pt-drSm), n. Ciroiia, or 

place for races, etc. 

&• S, I, 5, a, long ; ft, 6, 1. 5, A, j^, short ; aenftto, 6 vent, tdsa, 6bey , Unite, oftrs, ftrm, ftak, ^11, HbaI, 


atyfo-jari-mu (hVpt-pafl-mBi), ■. Btrei' 
bont i a UrgB uiipblUiHU Mod harbiTonnu Af- 

• (hlrt, 1 

ihEf), a. HiTlng ona hip lonr 

[' [Hmm (Urd) i Hieiim.] To 
/; to bribe I to let ; tolcaue.— n, 
Vftt ; pay. — Bli'n, «- — HlnOlBC (llTig), 
It. Ooa who ki hind ; amamnuy; proBtltntfl. 

toWiVpron. PoHsalTe of jt<.' 

... ,..._, . , ^ ^ ™._u) (Mm) 

4 ium: mD ODjan or oc 

(hln), AiMrf. Hiuh ; I 

IM7 (hIVtt-rt), n. CimUinian iu>ri>u» 
oi BTsnU ; tajttuaoa ; ohnmlole. — Hll-to^-UL 
(hli49'c1-(m), n. A writer of hLrtorr ; ohroiil- 
der. — m^-teio (-CBr/Ik). Hla-tin^Hl {-IW- 
T-kal)t 1. OontAhihiv. pettninlog to^ exhiUted 
Id, or doduoed from, history. 
mtihlt), V. f . & <. [Hct: Hnnaa.'i loKrlte; 
._*__.£!........■_. ,. . -■'A.triklngj 


aar(h3r), o. White ; grmf wll 
(hSr?), a. White 1 whH&b.- 
— Sfztntl'l-lr6ttf),n. fr 
«M< (taBrd), n. Btore Uid up ; 

(hSn), a. Buing ■ henh, nnigli, gnUBf 

Jten'I, a. See niider Bout, a. 

Hoiz (hlSu), B. A trick plBjed hi iport ; tpns- 

tial Joke. — c. (. [Uoum (liOet)! Sou- 

IBB.] To pUy » ttick upon. 
[»b(hSb),H. AdUihelf beilde ■ flieplue; ■ 

lab'Ua(hin/b1),tJ. i. TaWBlkUmelyi tolinm. 

—v. I. To bopple ; to clog. — n. Hidttng giittl 

toVir V>&^\ EtMiT-JmW (■hSri'), n. A 

Du; K itick which childna tide u ft hona; a 

eobject upon which one !■ couteutlj eirfTlim 

oS; ■ rnlliic puaion. 
IsVloMlB (hSbi'gSb'lIn), n. As eppultbm; id 

[Ob&ll' (hSbMtl'), B. A tuck-heeded nail toe 

[o«k (hSk). HOVtt. n. The ham of an animal j a 
joint between leg and ihank, oomepoiHliiis to 
mui^a ankle. ^F. L To lame b; cutting the 
teodone of the bock ; to hamatring. 

tMk (hSk), n. A yellow Rbenlah wine. 

bnk'tr (bBk7), it. A game played by dltTlat a 
ball wiUi beat (Ucke 1 a (tick thue naed. 

[od <hM), n. A brlcklMyci'i tray lor canyiDg 
mortar and brick i a ecu aouttle. — Hod'muu 

A tool fur CDtting ap weeda and 
utb — n. f. & C [Ban (hU); 

■ "" — Hofuto' (blJi- 

Hl|;(hS"- " 

^ " hfcJgl«li^; 

(-p«n'), n. A pea or ety lor boga. 
VamiMUblig^iad or id), ». Amei 

winegaltotia; large caek, ol indefknlte 
Hal'd*B(lu^d'n), n. Amde,holdgiri 
Btttt (holBt), 1. 1. Toralae.— n. That 

uiytfaing la hol«ted ; act of holetlng 

dlcDlar height of a flag or lall. 
Bold (hSld), n. Interior of a Teewl, wl 

Hold (hSld), V. I. [Eiu>; Houiras. 
{hSli''o),p.p., \t oil. eicept in legal 1 


SnId'lU, n. T 
— Bou'buki > 

m 1 ciutody. — BoU'n, 
A check) reitralnt. 

t, all. chair. BT>. a^ttK. iQk. 1 




BOla (hSI), n. A hollow place ; a cavity ; an aper- 
ture ; a cell. 

Eoll-day (hSlT-dS), n. A consecrated day ; re- 
ligious aimiversaiy ; day of exemption from 
labor. — a. Pertaining to a festival ; gay. 

Vx/U-ljf etc. See under Holt, a. 

Holla. See Hollo. 

Eol'land ^Sl'land), n. A kind of linen first 
made in Holland. 

BXA'W (hSl-lS'), Eo^lea^ inierj. & n. Ho; at- 
tend; here. — V. i. [Hollobd (-lod'); Hollo- 
IHG.] To call out ; to halloo. 

Hollow (hSl'16), a. Empty ; not solid ; sunken ; 
low; false; faithless; deceitful. — n. Gavitv; 
hole ; excavation ; concavity, —v. t. To make 
hollow ; to excavate. — euiv. So as to empty ; 
completely. — Hollow-noss, n. 

Holly (hSlIf ), n. An evergreen tree or shrub 
having red berries ; the holm oak. 

Holly-book (hSl^-hSk), n. A flowering plant ; 
rose mallow. 

Holm (hSm^, n. Evergreen oak ; ilex. 

Holm (h5m), n. Islet ; flat tract of rich land be- 
side a river. 

Hol'lter (hSl'rtSr), n. A horsenum's case for a 

Holy (hS'lj^), a. Set apart to the service of 
God ; sacred ; pure ; guiltless. — Ho1i-ly , adv, 
— HoOl-nOMtn. — Holy-day' (-da/), n. Re- 
ligious festival ; holiday. 

Hom'ago (hSmf^), n. Reverence ; worship ; re- 
spect ; fealty. 

Homo (hSm), n. House, place, or country in 
which one dwells; dwellhig; abode. -•a. Do- 
mestic; close; severe. —aSv. To one's home 
or country; closely; to the point. — Hom'OT, 
n. A carrier pigeon able to return home from 
a distance. — Homing, a. Home-returning. — 
Home'— toed', a. Bred at home ; domestic ; un- 
cultivated. — Eome'&iade', a. Made at home. 
^ Homeless, a. Destitute of a home. — Eomo'- 
ly, a. Belonging to home; familiar; rude in 
appearance; of plain features; not handsome. 
--HomoH-ness, n. — Home'slck' (-sTkO* a. 
Dispirited by absence from home. — Eomo'- 
slck'ness, n. — Home'spvn') «. Spun or 
wrought at home ; coarse ; plain ; rude. — n. 
Cloth made at home. — Home'ward (-wSrd), 
adv. Toward home. 

Ho ' me - OP ' a thy (h5'me-5p'&-thj^^, n. Theory 
and practice that disease is cured by remedies 
whicik produce effects similar to the symptoms 
of the patient's complaint. — Ho'me-cp'a-tlllst 
(-thist), n. A believer in, or practitioner of, 
homeopathy. — Ho'me-O-patll ( hS'tnM-pSth ), 
Ho'me-O-patll'ic (-^-pSthlk), a. Of or per- 
taining to homeopathy. 

Home'sick^ etc. See under Horn, n. 

Home'Stead (hom'stSd), n. Ground connected 
with a mansion ; home or seat of a family. 

Hom'i-Oide (hSm'T-md), n. Killing of one human 
being by another; a manslayer. — Hom'i-oi'- 
dal, a. Pertaining to homicioe ; murderous. 

Hom'i-ny (h5mM-nj^), n. Maize hulled and 

broken, prepared for food by being mizad with 
water and boiled. 

Hom'mock (hfim'mOk), n. A hillock; a bduJI 
eminence of conical form. 

Ho'mo-ge'ne-al (hS^mt-jS'nt-al), Ho^mo-ge'iie- 
0118 (-us), a. Of the same kind or nature. 

Hom'o-ny, n. See Homint. 

Hone (hou), ». A stone of a fine grit ; a whet- 
stone. —V. t. To sharpen (tools) on a hone. 

Hon'est (Sn'Sst), a. Decent; honorable; good; 
fair in dealing with others ; upright ; equitable ; 
virtuous ; sincere ; frank ; candid. — Hon'OSt- 
ly (-iy)i ac^v. — Hon'es-ty (-ty), n. Integrity ; 
probity ; uprightness ; honor ; justice ; equity. 

Hon'oy (httn'^^), n. Sweet juice collected hy bc«a 
from flowers. — 1>. i. [Honxtxd (-Td) ; Honkt- 
IMO.] To use endearments or auvile flattery ; 
to fawn.— v. t. To sweeten.— Hon'ay-lMe' 
(-be'), n. A bee which lives in a oommimi^ 


A Male or Drone. 
B Queen. 
C Worker. 

and gathers honey. — Hoa'oy-oomV (-k?SniO> «• 
Mass of cells, formed by bees, and used as lepoa- 
itories for their honey ; a substance perf ori^ted 
like the comb of bees. — Hon'oy-moon^ (-mSon'), 
n. The flrst month after marriage. — Hon'O^- 
no'kle (-sfik'kU), n. A flowering plant. 

Hon'or (Sn'Sr), n. Esteem paid to worth ; rever- 
ence ; excellence of character ; integrity ; chas- 
tity ; dignity; reputation ; respect zpl. academic 
distinctions. — v. t. [Honobkd (h^) ; Hobob- 
ZNO.] To esteem ; to exalt ; to dignify ; to ac- 
cept and pay (a note) when due. — Hoa'or-ar 
1>le (-&-b*l), a. Worthy of honor ; actuated by 
noble motives ; conferring honor ; illustrious. — 
Hcn'or-a-ry (-fi-rj^), a. Conferring honor, or 
intended merely to confer honor; poBseasing 
title orplace without reward. 

Hood (hdod), n. A covering for the head, for a car- 
riage, etc. — r. t. To cover ; to hide. — Am>A'- 
wmk (-wTnk), V. t. To blind by covering the 
eyes ; to impose on. 

Hoof (h5of), n. The homv part of a beast's foot 

Hook (hdok), n. A hard material, bent into a 
curve for catching anjrthing ; a sickle. — v. t 
[HooKBD (hd6kt); Hooking.] To catch; to 
hold. — V. i. To bend ; to curve. — HoolBed 
(hd6kt or hddk'Sd), a. Curved ; having hooks. 

Hook'ak (hd6k'&), n. A Turkish tobacco pipe. 

Hoop (hSop or hd6p), n. A circular band aor- 

&, B^Ii 0| II, long ;&, d, 1, 5, 0, j^, short ; Mnftte, dven^ tdea, 6bey, finite, cAra, llrm, ask, ||11« final. 




rounding a cask, etc.— v. t. [Hoopbo (hS&pt 
or hd6pt) ; Hoomra.] To fasten with hoops ; 
to encircle. 

Hoop (hoop), V. i. To whoop ; to cry out. 

Hoot (hoot), V. i. & t. To cry out in contempt ; 
to cry aaanowL ^n. A contemptuoua shout ; 
cry of an owl, etc. 

Hop (hOp), V. t. [HoFFBD (h5pt^ ; Hopping.] To 
leap on one leg ; to skip, as birds ; to jump, as 
toads. ^ n. A jump ; a dance. — Hop'por, n. 

Hop (hOp), n. A twining vine ; pi. its bitter fruit, 
uscmL when dried, ki brewing, medicine, etc. 

Hope ( hSp ), n. Desire of some good ; groimd 
of expectation ; thing hoped for ; anticipation ; 
trust ; belief. •^v.i.A t, [Hopbd (h5pt) ; Hop- 
nro.] To indulge hope ; to place confidence. — 
Hope'tnl ( hSp'fyl ), a. Full of hope ; expect- 
ant ; promisii^. — Hiq^O'lBSS, a. Destitute of 
hope ; despairing ; desperate ; forlorn. 

HoP^or (hSp'pSr), n. A trough through which 
grain passes into a miU. 

H^^le (h5p^p*l), V. i. To tie an (animal's) feet 
loosely together, to prevent running, ^n. A 

Hordo (hSrd), n. A wandering troop or gang. 

Hon^onnd, HoaxOioimd (horOiound), ». A bit- 
ter plant of the Mint kind. 

Ho-rl'ZO& (hj^-ri^zttn, formerly hSrT-zlin), n. Ap- 
parent juncti(m of the earth and sky. — HOT^i- 
ZOa'tal (hSr'T-zSn'tal^, a. Pertaining to, near, 
or parallel to, the horizon ; on a leveL 

Horn (hdm), n. A hard, projecting, pointed or- 
gan on an animal's head ; material comprising 
horns ; a musical wind instrument ; a drinking- 
cap ; a utensil for holding powder. ^ v. /. To 
fnrnish ^th boms. ~ Homed (hdmd), a. Fur- 
nished with, or formed like, horns. — Hoxn'y 
(-j^), a. Consisting 
of, or like, horn; 
hard; callous. 

Her^net ( hdr'nSt ), n. 
A larse, strong wasp. 

Hom^ipe^ (hdm'pipO, 
n. A Welsh flfelike 
musical instrument; 
a dancing tune ; a sail- 
or's dance. 

Hoxn'y, a- See under 
HoBH, n. 

Hor'nnr (hSr'rSr), n. A shuddering from fever, 
fear. etc. ; emotion of dread or abhorrence ; 
caoae of horror or dread. — Hoi/ri-Ue (-rT-b'l), 
a. Exciting horror ; dreadful ; hideous ; hor- 
rid. — Hor^d (-rid), a. Rough ; ragged ; hid- 
eous ; shocking ; awful ; terrible ; horrible. — 
Hor'ri-fy (-rl-fl)* v. t. To strike with horror. 
— Hor-rlllO (-rWTk), a. Frightful. 

Hono (hdrs), n. A hoofed quadruped, used for 
drawing, riding, etc. ; a wooden frame ; cav- 
alry. —v. t. tHoHSXD (hdrst); Hobseng.] To 
provide with horses ; to sit astride. — Hone 
etr. A railroad car drawn by horses, or fitted 
for transporting horses. — Hoise Olotk. A cloth 
foroovenngahorse. — Honemaekerel. A fish 

White-faced Hornet 

of the Atlantic and Mediterranean, the tmmj) 
bluefish ; scud. — Hone power. Power which 
a horse is capable of exerting; standard for 
measuring the capabilities of steam engines, 
etc., estimated as 33,000 pounds raised one foot 
in a minute ; machine operated by horses. — 
Hone noe. A race between horses. — Hone 
lailXOftd. A railroad on which the cars are 
drawn by horses ; tramway. — HonenNUlk, n. 
Back of a horse ; condition of being mounted 
on a horse. — Hon^ (-j^), a. Pertaining to 
horses, horse racing, jockeys, etc. — Hwe'i- 
neiB, n. — Hone'flesh,^ (-flSshO, n. Flesh of 
horses ; horses collectively. — Hone'fly^ {-^')t 
91. A fly that stiugs horses, and sucks theix 
blood. — Honeliair^ (-hfir^), n. Hair of a horse, 
esp. of its mane or tail ; fabric made of such 
hair. — Hone'lailflL' (-lafO, n. A loud, bois- 
terous laugh. — Sone'nuui, n. A rider on 
horseback; one skilled iu managing horses. — 
Hone'lniaiL-sllip, n. The act or art of riding; 
management of horses. — Hone' play ^ n. 
Bude, boisterous play. — Hone'pOlld^ n. A 
pond for watering horses. — Horse'slLOe' 
(-sho5^), n. An iron shoe for horses ; a tiling 
shaped like a horseshoe, or like the letter U. — 
Hone'Wlllp' (-hwlp^), n. A wliip for horses. 
^v, t. To strike with a horsewhip. — Hone'- 
WOm'an (-wd6m'^an), n. A woman who rides 
on horseback. —Hone'-OlLest'nilt (-chSs'nttt), 
n. Large nut of a tree originally from Constan- 
tinople. — Hone'-nd^isll (-rSd^Ish), n. A spe* 
cies of scurvy grass, having a root id a pungent 
taste, used as a condiment. 

Horti-Olll^tiure (hdr'tT-kliiadr), n. Art of culti- 
vating gurdens. — Hor'tl-Cllltlir-al (-kfil'ttr- 
al), a. Pertaining to horticulture. — Hor^tl- 
cnltiir-Ut (-Yst), n. 

Ho-san'na (h5-zSn'n&), n. Praise to God. 

Hose (hSz), n. ;pl. Hobb, formerly Hosen (hS'z'n). 
Close-fitting breeches ; stockings ; flexible pipe 
for conveying water. — Ho^Sier (ho'zhSr), n. 
A dealer in hose. — Ho' Bier -7 (-y), n. The 
business of a hosier ; stockings m general. 

Hos^i-ta-Ue (hSs^pT-tA-b'l), a. Kind to stran- 
gers and guests. — Hos^pi-tal'l-ty (-tSlT-t^), n. 
Act or practice of one who is hospitable. 

H08^i-tal (hSs'pT-tal), ». A place where the sick 
or infirm are received and treated. 

Host (host), n. One who affords entertainment ; 
a landlord. — Host'ess (h(M/Ss), n. A female 
host ; a landlady. 

Host (h5st), n. An army ; a multitude. 

Hos'tage (hSs'ttj), n. One given as a security for 
performance of conditions. 

Host'ess, n. See under Host, landlord. 

Hostile (hSe'tTl), a. Belonging to an enemy; 
unfrienoly ; adverse ; repugnant. — Hos'tUe-ly, 
adv. — Hos-til'1-ty (-tllT-ty), n. Animosity; 
enmity ; violence ; aggression. 

Hostler (hSs^lSr or SslSr), n. One who takes 
care of horses ; a groom. 

Hot (h9t), a. [HoTTEB ; HomsT.] Havingheat ; 
fervid ; eager ; vehement ; f unoua. — Boflyt 

rSm, recent, 6rh, rude, fyll, Om, food, f o~ot, out, oil, obair, (o, sins, iQk, ttien, thin. 




(Kit;.— HonWM (hOfnSB), ».— HotOMd' (-bSdO, 
n. A bed of earth oovexed with glass, for rais- 
ing early plants ; a place which favors rapid 
growth. — Hot'lLOlue' (-hous^), n. A house 
eated for the protection of tender plants. — 
Hot^-liead'ed (-hSd'Sd), a. Fiery; rash; hasty. 

Ho-tel' {ht'tXV), n. An inn; a public house for 

HonglL (h5kY, n. Hock of an animal. — v, L 
[aovQBMD { hSkt ) ; HonoHiKG.] To disable by 
cutting the sinews of the ham ; to hamstring. 

Hound (hound), n. A dog for hunting ; esp., one 
which hunts game by scent. —v. /. To incite 
(a hound) to pursuit ; to hunt ; to spur on. 

Hour (our), n. A twenty-fourth part of a day, 
or 60 minutes ; time of the day, as indicated by 
a timepiece ; an appointed time ; conjuncture. 

— Hourly (ourlj^), a. Happening once every 
hour ; frequent ; continnaL — adv. Frequently. 

HonM (hous), n. ; pi. Housis (houx'Sz). A build- 
ing for habitation or shelter ; dwelling ; domes- 
tic concerns ; household ; family ; body of men 
united in a legislative capacity ; a firm or com- 
mercial establuhment ; hoteL — HOVM (houz), 
V. t. [HouBBD (houzd) ; Housing.] To shelter. 

— v. £ To abide; to dwell. — Hona'lllC (hooz'- 
Tng), n. Shelter. — HovsolOMChousafis), a. 
Destitute of shelter ; homeless. — AOIlBonbreak^- 
Cr(-brak'8r),». One who feloniously breaks into 
a hoiise. — Hovse'lliold' (-hold')» n. Those who 
dwell in the same house and compose a family. 

— a. Domestic. —Hoiiao'bold^er,n. Master of 
a family. — Eonso^o^er (-kSp^Sr^, n. One 
who occupies a house with his family ; woman 
having chief care of the family. — EoUM'ke^- 
Ing, n. Care of domestic concerns, —a. Used 
in a family ; domestic. — Honse^Uaid' (-madO, 
fi. A female servant. — House-room' (-room^), 
n. Boom or ptaa in a house. — HouM^'wife' 
Qumj/ynl')t n. Mistress of a family ; woman at 
tiie head of a household ; (hfizTr) a case for sew- 
ing materials, etc. — H01UI0^nril'er-7 (hous'wlf'- 
3r-y), n. Business of the mistress of a family. 

Hons'lng (housing), n. A cover for a horse^s 
saddle ; pi. trappings. 

HOYO (hov), imp. of HaATK 

HOY'el (hov'Sl). n. A shed ; cottage. —v. t. To 

HOY'or (hfiv'Sr), V. i. [Hovbbbd (-Srd); HoY- 
CBiNO.] To hang fluttering in the air ; to move 
to and fro, watchfully or irresolutely. 

How (hou), adv. In what manner; by what 
means ; to what extent ; for what reason ; in 
what condition. — How-bO'lt (-belt), conj. Be 
it as it mav; nevertheless; however. — HOW- 
•Y'er (-^ver), Hcw'so-OY'or (-B^^Jv'Sr), adv. 
In whatever manner or degree ; at all events ; at 
least. — conj, Nevertheless ; yet ; still ; though. 

Howl (houl), V. i. [HowLBB (hould) ; Howlirg.] 
To cry as a dog or wolf ; to utter a mournful 
sound ; to wail ; to roar. — n. The cry of a dog 
or wolf ; a yell ; a wail. 

Hoy (hoi), n. A small coasting vesaeL 

H^don, n. & V. Same as HoiDaB. 

Hull (httb), n. The nave of a wheeL 

Hvb'lnil) (httb'bfib), n. Great noise ; tumult. 

Huok'a-baok (httk'A.bXk), n. Linen oloth, with 
raised figures, used for towels. * 

HuoOdO-lMr'ry (hfik^kn-bSr/it), n. An Ameri- 
can branching shrub, and its small, black, edi- 
Ue berry. Called also tvhorUeberry. 

Huok'ltor (httk'stSr), n. A retaUer of small arti- 
cles ; a peddler. — v. i. To peddle. 

Hud'dlO (hfid'dU), v.i.&L To crowd together. 
— n. Crowd; confusion. 

Hue (hu), n. Color ; tint ; dye ; shade. — Hnod 
(hud)^a. Having (such a) color. 

Hno (hu), n. Clamor; shouting; vodferatiou. 
— Hue and ory. Loud outcry with which a 
fel(m was ancientiy pursued ; written proclama- 
tion requiring aid in retaking him. 

Huff (h«f ), V. t. & i. [HmrvBD (hOft) ; HunnrG.] 
TopufFup; tobully. — 91. Fitof anger; rage. — 
Hvlf^ (-y), a. Puffed up ; bullying ; petulant. 

Hug (hfig), t>. ^ [HuoGBD (httgd) ; HuGGiHG.] To 
embrace closely ; to hold fast ; to keep doae to. 
— n. A close embrace ; clasp; gripe. 

Huge (hw), a. Very large ; monstrous; Tast. 

Hmk (htUk), n. The body of an old ahip; a 
bullrjr or imwieldy object. 

Boll (hfil), n. The outer covering of a not, grain, 
etc. ; husk ; frame or body of a vesaeL «■«.<. 
[HuLLiD (httld) ; Hulling.] To strip off (the 
hulls of) ; to pierce the hull of (a shim. 

Hun (hiim), V. i. & /. [HuMKBD (httmd) ; Hun- 
MiNo.] To sing low ; to drone ; to murmur ; to 
buzz; to mumble. — n. Noise of bees, a re- 
volving top, etc. ; a buzzing sound. «■ inteti. 
Ahem ; hem ; a sound, Uke A*m, implying doubt 
and deliberation. 

Hu'man (hu'num), a. Belongii^ to man or man- 
kind ; having the qualities of man. — Hu'&UUI- 
ly, adv. — nu-mutfi'tf (hd-mSn^-t^), n. Na- 
ture of man ; mankind; kindness; benevolence; 
pi. branches of polite learning. — HnlUB-lM 
(hu'man-iz^, v. i. & i. To render or become 
human or numane. — Hv-BiaiM' (hft-mbi^, o. 
Kind ; benevolent ; tender ; merdf uL 

Hnmlllo (hiim'b'l), a. Low ; unpretendfaur ; 
modest ; lowly ; meek.— v. t. [HuiauED (-b'ld) ; 
Humbling.] To make humble ; to lower ; to 
humiliate; to disgrace; to sfaik. — Hmtllla- 
noMj n.— Hunlily, eufv. — Hv-mil'i-ty (hft* 
mTl'I-tJ^), n. The state of being humble ; mod- 
esty ; diffidence. —Hn-mil'i-ato (-T-at), v. t. To 
humble; to mortify. — Hv-mila-a'tiQn (•!'- 
shttn), n. Mortification. 

HnmOaa-bao^ (htUn'b'l-bS'), n. Bumblebee 

Hnmlrag' (hfim^Qg'), n. THckery ; hoax ; one 
who deceives. — v. t. [Huxbugobd (-bttgd') ; 
HuKBuoGiNG.J To impose on ; to hoax. 

Hnsi'dnun' (hum'drfim^), a. Monotoooua ; dulL 

Hn'mid (hu'mTd), a. Damp ; moist. — HlbBidf- 
i-ty (ha-mTd1-tj^), n. Moisture ; dampneas 

Hu-mil'i-atO, etc. See under Humblb, o. 

Hnmrmlng (h1im'mTng), a. Emitting a iBiinaw> 
ing sound ; droning ; ouising. — ». A bam.— 
HimuillBg Idrd. A very small Amerloaa bird, 

ft, S, I, S, «, long ; ft, «, I, ft, O, t, short ; aenftte, Avent, tdM^ 6bay, AMte, cAra, llrm, Aak, to, flanl. 




named from the swift motion and nolae of its 
wings in flight. 

Buil'lllOOk (hfim'mfik), n. A romided knoU ; a 

Bn'lmtr (hu'mSr or u'mSr), n. Moisture ; fluid 
of animal bodies ; disposition ; temper ; uncer- 
tain states of mind ; pleasantry ; fancy ; caprice. 
-»v. U [HiTMOBBD (-mSrd) ; HuMORiNa.] To 
comply with the humor of ; to gratify ; to in- 
dulge ; to favor. — Hn'&or-ist (-Tst), n. One 
who shows humor ; a wag. — Hn'mor-ons (-fis)* 
a. Jocular ; witty. 

Hnn^ (htUnp), n. A protuberance; bimch; hunch. 
— Hnmp'baok' (httmpniIkOf n. A crooked 
back ; a hunchback ; a humpbacked person. 

EvbgIl (hfinch)) n. Hump; lump; hunk; push 
with fist or elbow. — v. /. [Hunchbd (hlincht) ; 
HuHGHZMO.] To push with the elbow or with a 
sadden jerk ; to crook, as the back. — Hunoll'- 
bMk^ (httnch'bSkOt »• A humpback. 

Eui'drsd (httn'drSd), n. Sum of ten times ten ; 
five score, —a. Ten times ten. — Hlin'diodtll 
(-drSdth), a. Next following the ninety-ninth ; 
forming one of a hundred parts into which 
anything is divided, ^n. One of a hundred 
equal parts into which one whole is divided. 

Bmde (httng), imp, &p.p. of Hahg. 

Hv^gar (hun'gSr), n. Graving for food ; strong 
or eager desire. ^ v. i. To crave food ; to long 
for.^v. /. To famish.— Hnn'gry (httn'gij^), 
a. Feelinff hunger ; eager ; poor ; barren. 

Hunk (httnk\ n. A large lump ; a chunk. 

Hunks (htTnks), n. A miser ; a niggard. 

Himt (hfint), V, t. To chase (game); to search dili- 
gentiy after ; to pursue. — v. i. To go in pursuit 
of game; to search.— n. Chase of wild ani- 
mals ; pursuit; search; association of huntsmen 
— HimfWi n. One who pursues wild animals ; 
huntsman ; dog or horse used in the chase. — 
HvuftMl, n. A female hunter. — HlULtB'maiL 
(hfinta^num), n. One who hunts ; a servant em- 
ployed to manage the chase. 

Empale (hib/d1), n. A texture of twigs or sticks ; 
a crate ; a sledge. 

Hvrl (hflrl), v.t.&i. [RuBLBD (hflrld) ; HuBi.- 
nro.j To throw violently. ^ n. Act of hurl- 
ing ; cast ; fling. 

Hvr-ra' (h^r-rs/), Hnr-rah', interj. A shout of 
joy or exultation. 

Hnx^-oane (hfir'rT-kSn), ». A violent storm, 
with high wind. 

Hvrty (hfir'ry), v. t. & i. [HuBBiBD (-rid); 
HuRBTiKO.] To move hastily ; to hasten. ^ n. 
Haste ; speed ; urgency ; bustle. 

Enrt (hflrt), V. t. [HuBT ; Hubtino.] To wound ; 
to injure ; to harm ; to grieve. — n. Wound ; 
harm; mischief; disadvantage. — Hnzt'flll 
(htbVfnl^, a. Pernicious ; harmful ; injurious. 

Emntaaa (hliz'band), n. A married man. — v. t. 
To manage with frugality ; to cultivate (land) ; 
to till. — HlU'lNUld-maiL (-man), n. A farmer ; 
cultivator of the ground.— HnaHband-ry (-rj^), n. 
Oare of domestic affairs; domestic economy; 
agrlonltnre; tillage. 

Ensll (bttah), V. t. [HuBHso (hfisht) ; Humnia.] 
To still; to silence; to calm. — v. i. To be 
still ; to be silent. — n. Stillness ; quiet. 

Hnsk (httsk), n. The external covering of cer- 
taui fruits or seeds of plants. — v. t. XHuskbd 
(hfiskt) ; Husking.] To strip off the covering 
of. — EllBk'lliC (haskTng), n. Act of stripping 
off husks. 

Hnak^ (hfisk'j^), a. Bough in tone ; hoarse. 

Hna-sar' (hyz-zir'), n. A light cavalry soldier. 

HllB'sy (hliz'zj^), n. An ill-behaved woman; a 
pert girl ; a jade ; a housewife, or bag contain- 
ing thread, needles, etc. 

Enstlllgs (hiis'tTngz), n. pi. The place where the 
election of a member of Parliament is held; 
the platform on which candidates stand. 

Hiu'tlo (htLB^'l), v. U To shake together; to 
handle roughly. 

Hvt (hfit), n. A small house, hovel, or cabin. 

HntOJl (htich), n. A chest, box, etc., for storing 
things or conflning animals. 

Hm-za' (h^z-zii'), inierj. Hurrah ; — an expres- 
sion of joy, exultation, or encouragement. — n. 
A shout of joy, etc^v. i. & U [HuzzABO 
(-z'ddO ; HuzzAiNO.] To cheer. 

Hy'a-Olntll (hi'4-sTnth), ». A flowering plant ; a 
gem, the red zircon. — Hy'a-OlntllUie (-sTn'- 
thTn), a. Resembling hyacinth ; of a violet, 
purple, or brown color. 

HyHnld (hi^rTd or hTb^rTd), n. An animal or 
plant produced from mixture of two species.^ 
a. MongreL 

HT'dra (hi'dr4), n./ pi. E. Htdbas (-drAz), L. 
Htdrje (-drS). A fabulous water serpent hav- 
ing many heads, one of which, being cut off, 
was succeeded by two others. 

Hy'drant (hi'drant), n. A pipe for discharging 
water from an aqueduct ; a water plug. 

Hy-drau'Uo (ht-dr{^Tk), a. Pertaining to hy- 
draulics. — Hy-dranllos (-IXks), n. The science 
of moving fluids. 

Hy'dro-i^ain (hFdr6-j&i), n. An abundant gaseous 
element, colorless, tasteless, and odorless, and 
the lightest known substance. 

Hy-dXOgta-pliy (ht-drSg^r^-Q^), n. Description 
and delineation of seas, rivers, and other waters. 
,— Hy-drog'ra-plior (-f8r), n. One who maps 
the sea or other waters. — Hy^dlO-graph'iO 
(hi'drft-grSftk), Hy^dro-graph'io-al (-f-kal), a. 
Relating to hydrography. — Hy-oTOl'O-cy (ht- 
dr51^-jy), n. Science of water. — Hy-ftrom'»- 
ter (ht-drSm'^tSr), n. An instrument for de- 
termining the specLBc gravities and strength of 

Hy-drop'a-tliy (ht-dr8p'&-th^), n. Water cure ; 
treatment of disease by external and internal 
use of water. — Hy^dro-patll'lc (hi'dri-pSthTk), 
Hy'dro-path'io-al (-I-kal), a. Pertaining to hy- 
dropathy. — Hy-drop'a-tAlst (ht-drSp^A-thTst), 
n. One who practices hydropathy. 

Hy^dro-pho'bi-a (hFdrt-f5'bT-&), n. A preternat- 
ural dread of water ; a disease caused by inocu- 
lation with daliva of a rabid dog. — ny'dro- 
plloVlo (-f 5bTk), a. Pertaining to hydrophobia. 

flm, TCoent, 6rb, ryda, fyll, lim, f«M»d, f<n>t, out, oil, cliair, go, sins, iQk, then, tliiiL 




BTdxo-itano (hi/dr«.Btstmc), HrOro-itat^e-al 

7-T-kal), a. Relatdng to hydrostatics. — Hy- 
dro-ltatl08 (-Tks)f n. The sciance of the prop- 
erties of fluids at rest. 

Hy^drons (hi'drfis), a. Containing water ; watery. 

Hy-O'lUl ( ht-S'n& ), n. A nocturnal carnivorous 
mammal of Asia and Africa, allied to the dog. 

Hl^gi-ene i(hi'jT-Sn), n. The science of the pres- 
ervation of health. — Hj'gi-fllL'iO (-jT-&itk), a. 
Pertaining to hygiene ; sanatory. 

Hymn (hTm), n. A song of praise ; a sacred lyr- 
ic. — v. t. [Htmnxd (hTmd); HTianvG (hTm'- 
Tng or hlra'nTng).] To worship by singing 
hymns. — Hyx&'lULl (hTm'nal), n. A sacred 
lyric ; a book of hvmns. 

fiy-pernM>-la (ht-per^-l&), n. A curve formed 
by a section of a cone, at a greater 
angle with the base than that made 
by the side of the cone. 

Hy-pmrnbo-le (ht-pSr'bi-it), n. A 
figure of speech which expresses 
more than the truth ; exaggeration. 

Hy^per-bo'rd-an (hi^pSr-bo^s-on), a. 
Northern ; arctic ; frigid. 

Hyphen (hI'fSn), n. A printer's 
mark [-] to connect syllables or com- 
pound words, —v. /. To connect or 
separate (words, etc.) by a hyphen. 

Eyp-not'iO (hTp-nStTk), a. Tending to produce 
sleep; characterized by unnatural sleep.— n. 
A medicine for producing sleep; an opiate; a 

Eyp'O-olloil'drl-a (hTp'i-k5nMr7-&), n. Gloomy 
depression of spirits. — Hyp'lHdlonf dzl-ftO (-<k), 


a. Pertaining to, characterised by, or produced 
by, hypochondria ; producing melaDcholy. ^n. 
(hie affected with hypochmidria. 

Hy-ppo'rl-sy (hT-p5k'rt-^), n. Dissimulation; 
insincerity ; false pretense of goodness. — Hyp'- 
0-orite (hTp't-krIt), n. A false pretender to 
virtue or piety. — Hyp'O-oririO (hTp/ft-krltlk), 
Hyp'O-onfio-al (-I-kol), a. Belonging to a 
hypocrite ; exhibiting hypocrisy. — Hyp'O-Olf- 
io-al-ly, adv. 

Hy-pot'd-niiM (ht - p8t ^ ^ - nus), Hy-potb'd-iiiiM 
(-pSth'd-nus), n. The longest side of 
a right-angled triangle, or the line 
that subtends the right angle. 

Hy-potli'e-oate (ht-pBth^-kSt), v. t. 

To pledge (property) for the security 
of one's creditors. — Hy-potll'e-ca'- 
tloil (-ka'shtin), n. Act or contract 
by which property is hypothecated. 

Hy-potll'e-Bls (ht-p5th'$-sTs), n. A supposition ; 
a theory assumed to account for known facts. — 
HTPO-thot^io (hi'p«-th6tork), Hypo-tlietlo^a, 
a. Characterized by an hypothesis ; condi- 
tional; assumed without proof for purpose of 
reasoning. —Hypo-tllOt'io-al-ly, adv, 

Hy'son (hi^s'n), n. A fragrant species of green tea. 

Hyi'lOP (hTs'sttp), ». An aromatic plant, whose 
leaves have a warm^ pungent taste. 

Hys-td'ti-a (hTs-tS^ri-A), n. A nervous affection, 
with alternate fits of laughing andcrjring, and a 
sensation of strangulation. — Hys-tMT'iO (-tSr'' 
Tk), Hys-tor'lo-al (-T-kal), a. Of, or pertaining 
to, or troubled with, hysterics ; convulsive ; fit- 
f uL — Hys-t«rlos (-Yks), n. HysteriA. 

at Hypot- 


I (T), pron. of the firs* person ; — used by a speak- 
er of himself. 

Ffeex ( i'bSks ), n. A European mountain goat, 
having long, recurved 
horns ; the steinbok. 

|I-W'd«m (r-bl'd«m), 
adv. In the same 
place ; — abbreviated 
ibid, or ih. 

V\Ae (I'bTs), n A wad- 
ing bird, fqamerly rev- 
erenced in Egypt. 

Ice (is), n. Water frozen 
to a solid state; con- 
creted sugar ; frozen 
cream. ^ v. t. [Icbd 
(Ist); IciNo (J'sTng).] 
To cover with ice ; to -^P*"* ^''«*- 

convert into ice ; to cover with concreted sug- 
ar ; to freeze. — Foy (I'sj^), a. Pertaining to or 
like ice ; frosty-; cold ; chilling. — I'ol-ly, adv. 
— Foi-neSB, n. — FoIbc (-sTng), n. A covering 
of ice or like ice ; frostiuff. —loeHimg' (isOiSrg^), 
n. A mountain of ice oroating on the ocean. — 

loo oream. Cream sweetened, flavored, and 

congealed. — loo lunuo. A close-covered place 

for keeping ice in warm weather. 
IclL-nonlilOIL (Tk-nu'm5n), n. An I^yptian and 

Asiatic animal, destruc- 

tive to eggs, snakes, 

etc. ; an insect whose 

larvee are parasitic in 

other insects. 
Ich'tliy-ol'o-gy (Tk'thl- 

51'6-jy), n. The science j^ 

of fishes. — IclL'tliy-Ol'- 20 

O-gllt (-jTst), n. A stu- Egyptian IchneamoB. 

dent of ichthyology. — 

lolL/tliy-oph'a-KOU (-if^A-gfis), a. Eating, or 

subsisting on, fish. 
Foi-clo (I'sT-k'l), n. A pendent mass of ice. 
Foi-nosB, Folng. See imder Ici, n. 
Foo-sa-ho'dron (t'k6-s&-he'dr6n), n. A solid 

bounded by 20 sides or faces. 
I'oy, a. See under Ics, n. 
I 'd (!<!)• Contraction from / vfould or / had. 
I-dO'a (t-de'&), n. A mental imase ; notion ; con- 
ception; thought; opinion. — I-dO'al (-al), a. 

ft, 9,1, 5, a, long; ft, «, 1, 6, A, j^, short ; ae&Ate, dveut, Idea, Obey, finite, oftra, ilnn, ftak, §11, flMri, 

Dl'drai (i'tifiiB)^ pTDji. or mij. Si, 

I-Oan'Oo-al (l-dBu'tr-kulJ, n. The si 

adt. — I-drotl-iy C-iy 1 , ^. '; Jiu" 

kfshDn), n. TUe ut of ideutjfying; sUW o( 
baingiaoDllflod. — l-Ha'tl-tJ (-H-1J),B. The 
Mate of belDv Idmti oU ; tuneDeB. 

UI-O-OT. n. Bw under Idiot, n. 

U^-om (IdT-Iiin), n. PeculUr mode of expiee- 
doD or caet of % Imieuiffa : diiiect- — Ivl-IK 
IBit^ (Tdl-t-mltrrk), Ift»'mit'l»«l (-I-kal), 
a. Feculiiu, or eooformed, to tbe geuliu of a 

U'tirt (Idl-StJ, n. One deaUtule of intelligence ; 
• iiBtu™l looi ; simpleWn, — MI-O-OT (-t-«J), 1- 
8UU tA being Idiotle. — U'l-oMa (-sylki. a. 
Fertainini lo, or like, no idiot, -^ Id'1-OtUIB 
(IdT-Myll-m), n. An idiom; Idiocy. 

I'dtod'd'l). a. [ItiUB«'dlSr);lDU>T[l'dKetV] 

Toa^^^idleoeM^; to'wuta Pdlw'tiMBr)! 

n. — Vatr (-US), adt 

t'dd (I'dil n. An Inn 

object olworabip; di 

. .- worabip; damtful Imiige; phaDtom; 

Sraon or tUng greBtly loved. — I-dal'i-t«r 
ASVtrat), n. VonUper of Idols ; adorer ; 
neat idniirar. — I^Iol'>-tnM (trEs). n. A 
lemalB idolater. — I-dol'a-traiu (-trIiB), a. 01 

-LdaVa-tr7 (-hrj), "■ Worrfifp 

ITK-nitO. ".'.&(. To kin 

^ _.Ji-6H (I-b'l), a. Capable! „., 

— Is-nlttan (-nlahlln), n. Act of igniting ; 
state of being ignited. 
Jf-ai/Ka (Ig-n<!'h'l), a. Of low blitfa ; baie ; 


I|'II»-n'mu(Tg'ni-d'mHa).iB. AnlgDonm 

lE'iLO-rant <Ig'n£-niDt), a. Destitote ol knonl- 
edge ; unLunicioua ; unanare. — IftUt-TtLt-Vj, 
mfi, — ICno-nnae (-mije), n. Cooditiou of 
beiog iguorant ; nanl of knowledge. 

Il-non' (Tg-uBt'), p. (. To be or pralMa lo be 

If (I-gwii^), B. A large American tree- 


n'i-M (HT-»i)i a. 

and WoaaT (wQrrt), from anoCber root] Con- 
trary to good ; evil \ bad \ aiek ; unwell; unfa- 
Torable ; wrong \ iniquiloufl ; rude ; Inelegant. , 


B-lB-ill (n-iygol). a. ContrarytoUi 

ful. -mo-mtt'l-tr (Il'l«-g«1-tr|. n. 

n-laca-blB (fi-ajl-b'l), a. _ Ij^aptblo 

lWtUU'1-tT (-t-MI'i 

Contrary to law j onlaw- 

■'.«-g«1-tr|. n. 
a. Incapable of being 
n-Url-tlr, adv. — S- 


lin'Hnw-lT. "dp. 

iTmad (n'fa'vSrd'). a. Waatlng beantj; 

n-liVM.*! '(n-IIWBr-ol), a. 

(HJIo^t), a 

being limited or bounded ; immeaeurable ', in- 

(n-lIfSr-tt), a. Ignorant of lettere 
untaugbt; unlearned. — H-llVar- 1-07 

I'-M-Wre (il'nI'tBr), B. ' Bad temper. — El'- 
SAtnml (-cOrd), a. Crose; Burly; crabbedj 
dli^tated by. or indicating, ili-nUute. 

or HgU- 

niTl'iSini^n'etlird'), 0- Fated to be unlorta- 

n-Inile' (tl-liJd'), B. (. To dec^ve ; to mock. 
n-linu' (li-lum'), 1. 1. [iLLnuD (-Inmd') ; iLLin- 
no.] Tomakelightorbright; toiilumlnat-; to 

i, ont| oil* i*h***i BD« ■*mi iQki tban, tliin* 




enlighten. — Il-lll'ml-liate (Tl-ln'mY-nit), v. /. 
To enlighten ; to supply with light ; to adorn. — 
U-ln'nu-na'tlOlI (-nS'ahfin), n. An illumina- 
ting ; decoration of houses with lights ; adorn- 
ment of books, etc., with colored Qlustratious ; 
brightness ; splendor. — U-ln'Sli-na'tlYe (-lu'- 
mT-na'tYv), a. Tending to illuminate or illus- 
trate. — U-ln'Sli-IUl'tor (-tSr), n. — n-lu'miiie 
(-lu'mTn), V. t. To illuminate ; to adorn. 

U-ln'slon ( Tl - lu ' zhttn ), n. An unreal image ; 
mental vision ; deception ; error ; hallucination. 
— U-lll'Sioll-ift, n. One given to illusion ; a 
▼isionary.— n-ln'Sive (-sTv), Il-lll'SO-ry (-si- 
T^), a. Deceiving by false appearances ; falla- 

Il-liutrato (n-lHstnt), v. t. To make clear or 
bright ; to exhibit distinctly ; to explain or ex- 
emplify ; to ornament with pictures or figures. — 
naus-tratlon (Tl'l&s-tra'shfin), n. Act of illus- 
trating; explanation; that which illustrates; 
illustrative engpraving, picture, etc. — U-lns'- 
tira-tlYO (-l&s'tr&-tTv^, a. Tending, or intended, 
to illustrate ; explaining ; exemplifying. — U- 
Ins'tra-tor (-trt-tSr), n. 

U-llU/txl-OlU (TI-liis'trT-fis), a. Poneadng luster, 
brightness, or brilliancy ; evincing greatness, 
nobleness, etc. ; famous ; noted ; si|^ial ; emi- 
nent; glorious. 

Ill will, n. See under III, (u 

Im'RgO (trnfaj), n. Likeness ; appearance ; statue ; 
idol; idea. — V. L [Imaoid (-*jd) ; Imaging.] 
To form an image of ; to represent to the mental 
vision — Im'age-ry {-rf)^ n. Images in gen- 
eral ; unreal show ; false ideas ; rhetorical dec- 

Im-aglne (Tm-SjTn), v. t. & i, [iMAanrxD (-Tnd) ; 
iMAaiNiNG.] To fancy ; to conceive ; to think ; to 
believe ; to scheme ; to devise. — lu-ag^-er, n. 
— Im-ag'1-na-Uo (-T-n4-b*l), a. Gapabfe of being 
imagined. — Im-ag'i-IUl-r^ (-rj^), a. Existing 
only in imagination ; fanciful ; chimerical ; un- 
reaL — Im-as'l-na'^on (-na^sh&i), n. Power 
to create mental images ; fancy. — Im-AS'l-na- 
tlYO (-T-n&-tTv), a. Proceeding from, and char- 
acterized by, the imagination ; given to imag- 
ining ; full of images, fancies, etc. 

Im-lMmk' (Tm-bSnk'), v. t. To inclose or defend 
with a bank. — m-bank'meiLt (-m<nit), n. A 
surrounding with a bank ; a mound of earth 
raised to defend a place, esp. against floods. 
[Written also embankment,'] 

Imnb^CllO (Tm^b^-sTl or -sel), a. Weak in body 
or mind ; feeble ; infirm ; impotent. — n. One 
feeble in body or mind ; a fool. — ImOb^cill-ty 
(-sTlT-ty), n. Quality of being imbecile ; 
feebleness; impotence. 

Im-bed' (Tm-bSd'), V. t. To sink or lay (in a bed). 

Ini-'Ul)e^ (Ym-biV), V. t. To drink in ; to absorb. 

M-Utter (Tm-bTt'tSr), v. t. [Imbtttebbd (-tSrd) ; 
Imbtttbrino.] To make bitter ; to exasperate. 

Im-bOd'y, V. i. See Ehbodt. 

Im-l)08'om (Tm-bd6z'iim), v. t, [Imbosohsd 
(-tlmd) ; Imbosomino.] To hold in the bosom « 
to embrace. 


MOiil-oate amarT-ktt), MOnl-oa'tod (-kiOBdK 

a. Bent and hollowed ; overlapping 
each other, like shingles on a roof. 

— Ini'liri-catian (Im'brl-kS'shttn), 
n. An overlapping. 

Im,-liroc:Fio(Tm-br51'y6),n. Intricate 
plot ; embarrassing state of things ; 

Im-lnrowii' (Tm-broun'), v. L [Im- 
BBOWMBO (-bzound') ; Imbbowiono.] 
To make brown ; to tan. 

Im-bniO^ (Tm-bri)'), v, t. [Ikbbued 
(-brjid'); Imbbuino.] To soak; to 
drench ; to steep. 

Im-lmto' (Im-brBf),'t>. L & i. To 
degrade or sink to the state of a 

Im-'bVA' (Tm-bu'), V. t. [Imbdbd (-budO ; 
Imbdhio.] To tinge deeply ; to dye; 
to cause to imbibe. 

Im'i-tate (Tmt-tat), v. L To follow as a pattern ; 
to c^y. — Im'i-ta'tor (-a^tSr), n. — M't-ta-ttto 
(Tm'I-t&-b*l), a. Capable or worthy of being 
copied. — Im'i-ta-Ml'l-ty (-bTit-W), iml-U- 
blO-neSft, n.— Im'1-tation (-tS'shOn), n. An 
imitating ; likeness ; resemblance. — iBLfl-ta- 
ttve (TmT-tt-tTv), a. Inclined to imitate; 
formed after a pattern or originaL 

Im-iiuuKu-lata C^m-mSk^d-iit), a. i^tless; 
without blemish ; pure. 

Irn'ma-neiLt (Tm'm&-nent), a. Inherent; inter- 
nal; intrinsic. — iBL'llia-lieiloe (Im'm&-nens), 
Irn'ma-non-oy (-nen-sj^), n. 

Im'ma-te'rl-al (Tm^mft-te'rl-al), a. Kot consist- 
ing of matter ; spiritual ; of no essential conse- 
quence ; unimportant. — Im'nia-te^-al-ly, adv. 

— Im'ma-tra-al-]i6M, Im'ma-te'xl-al'i-ty 

(-Slt-t^), n. Quality of being ImxnateriaL 

Im'ma-tnre' (Tm'm&-tur'), a. Not mature ; un- 
ripe ; crude ; unfinished ; premature ; too early. 

Im-meas'lir-a-Ue (Tm-mSzh'dr^-b*:), a. incapa- 
ble of being measured ; illimitable. 

M-me'di-ate (Tm-me'dY-tt), a. Not separated by 
time or by an3rthing intervening ; present ; act- 
ing by direct agency. 

Im^m^-moti-al (Tm'm$-m9^rT-al), a. Beyond the 
reach of memory ; out of mind. 

Im-mense' (Im-m6ns'), a. IJnlimited; very 
great ; huge ; vast ; enormous. — Im-llltllJM'ly, 
adv, — Im-mon'si-ty (-mSn'sT-t^), n. Unlim- 
ited extension ; infinity ; greatness. 

Im-merse' (Tm-mSrs'), v. t. XhOBSuaoi (-mSrstO « 
iMMERsrao.] To plunge into (a fiuid, etc.) ; to 
engage deeply ; to involve. — Lu-BMr'gloil (Tm- 
mSr'shfin), n. An immersing; state of being 
immersed or deeply engaged. 

Im'm»-t]lOd'ic-al (Ym / m% - thSd f T - kal), a. Not 
methodical ; wanting method ; disorderly. 

Im'aii-grate (tm'mT-grSt), v. «. To remove into a 
country for residence. — Imllll-gnULt (-grant), 
n. One who immigrates. — In ' ml - gn ' tiui 
(-frra^shiin^, n. An immigrating. 

Im'ini-nent (Tm'mT-nent), a. Impending ; threat* 
ening ; near ; at hand. — hn ^ i-BMMW (-nena). 

ft, e, I, o, ft, long ; &, «, I, ft. tt, t, short : Mn&te, Avent, tdea, Obey. Onite-^ o4ra. j&rm. Aak, ^U, flaok 




!•• Quality or oooditioii of baiiig lirnnfnwit ; 
impending evil or danger. 

iB^mo-llilfl-ty (Im'm«-bni-tjp), n. Bedatance 
to motion ; flTfldneaii. 

Im-lllOd'er-ato (Ym-m8d^-tt), a. Not moderate ; 
not confined to auitable limits ; exceaaiTe; un- 
reasonable; intemperate. 

IHL-mod'est (Im-m5d^st), a. Not limited to due 
bounds ; immoderate ; indelicate ; indecent ; 
lewd; obscene. — Im-med'OS-ty (-fis-tj^), n. 
Want of modesty or decent reserve. 

iBL'toO-late (Tm'md-ISt), v, t. To sacrifice; to 
kiU (a victim). — M ' mo • la ' tor (-IS'tSr), n. — 
Xm^mo-latiOIL (-la'shlin), n. A sacrifice. 

llH-miM^al (Ym-nuSr'fld), a. Not moral ; wicked ; 
diahonest ; dissolute ; obscene. — Im-mor'al-l7t 
oJv.— Im'mo-ral'i-ty (Tm'm6-rai-tj^), n. Qual- 
ity of being immoral ; an immoral act. 

IHL-mortal^m-mdr'tal), a. Not mortal ; exempt 
from death; eternal. — Im-mortal-l7t adv.— 
Irn'mor-tall-ty (Tm'mSr-tU'Y-^), n. QuaUty 
of being immortal ; exemption from oblivion. — 
iBi-mor'Ud-lze (-mdr'tal-b), v. t. To perpet- 
uate ; to render famous. 

fn-mor-telle' (Im-m5r-tS10t n. An unwithering 
flowering plant; everiasting. 

Xm-mOT't-Ue (Tm-moov'&-b*l), a. Incapable of 
being moved; fast; unalterable; hard-hearted. — 
Im-maWtL'VLjt'adv. — Im-moT'a-bll'l-ty (-bTl'Y- 
tf), Im-]iioY'a-bl»-nM8, n. 

mt-ailllM' (Tm-mun'), a. Exempt, as from di(f 
ease. — Xm-nmlli-ty (Tm-mu'nI-t j^) , n. Exemp- 
tion from charge, duty, disease, etc. — Im-mil'- 
ntao (Im-mu'niz), v. t. To make immune. 

IBl-miin'Ctm-murO, v. t, [Immubio (-murd') j Im- 
KUBZNa.l To inclose within walls; to imprison. 

IllL-milta-Dle (Im-mu't4-b*l), a. Not mutable; 
unchangeable ; invariable ; unalterable. 

Imp (Tmin, n. A puny devil ; a little demon. 

In-pilOt' (im-pSkt'),r. t. To drive close ; to press 
flnnly togettier. — Im'Vaot (Tm'pXkt), n. Col- 
lision; force oommimicated ; instantaneous 
blow of a body in motion against another. 

tm-patr' (Tm-pfo'), v. t. [Ikpaxrbd (-ptrdO ; Im- 
PAIRIM0.1 To make worse ; to injure ; to weaken. 

Im-pale' (im-p510t v. t. [Ihpalkd (-pSldO : Ih- 
PAUNO.] To fix on a stake; to inclose with 
stakes or palisades. 

Xm-pal'Va-ua (Ym-pSl'p&-b*l), a. Not palpable ; 
not to be felt or perceived by touch or by the 
mind. — Im-val'pa-l)U'i-t7 (-bHT-ty ), n. 

Xm-pan'ol (Tm-pSu'Sl), v. /. [Impaneuo (-91d) 


To enter (names of a jury) in a list ; to form (a 
list of jurors). 

Im-lNUr'i-ty (Tm - pXr ' T • t]^) , n. Inequality ; dis- 

Jm-JfitV (Ym-pSrtO, v. t. To bestow a share or 
portion of ; to nuJce known ; to communicate ; 
to share ; to disclose ; to divulge. — v. i. To 
give a part or share. — Im-pazt'er, n. 

Im-par'tial (Tm-par'shal), a. Not partial; un- 
prejudiced; disinterested; just. — Im-par'tl-al'- 
l-ty (Tm-par'shT-ni-t]^ or Im/pi&r-ahXlt-tj^), n. 

M-paM^a-ttlA (Tm - pAs ' & - bU), a. Incapable of 
being passed ; impenetrable ; pathless. 

Im-pai'ai-U0 (Im-pfa'sl-b*l), a. Incapable of 
sulfering; without sensation. — Im-pBB^ai-llil^- 
ty (-bTia-tj^), M-pas'si-Ue-neaa, n. 

Im-pas'Sioil-ata (Tm-pSsl/fin-St), v. t. To affect 
powerfully. — Im-pas'lioned (-find), a. Actu- 
ated by passion ; animated ; excited. 

Im-pas'siYe (Tn»>pSs'sTv), a. Not susceptible of 
pain or suffering ; insensible ; impassible. 

lai-patieiLt (Tm-pS^shent), a. Not patient ; un- 
easy ; restless ; hasty. — Im-pa'tlence (-shens), 
n. Want of patience ; restlessness ; passion. 

Im-peaoll' (Tm-pech'), V. t. [luFEACHKD (-pechf ) ; 
iMFEACHma.] To charge with crime or with 
misbehavior in office; to call in question; to 
censure ; to indict. — Im-poaolL'mont (-ment), 
n. A calling to account ; arraignment ; blame. 

Im'pa-Cll'bi-OIUI (Tm^p^-ku'nT-fis), a. Not having 
money; poor. — m^po-Cll^lli-OS'i-ty (-Ss'I-ty), 
n. Poverty ; lack of money. 

Im-pode^ (Tm-p5d0, v. i. To hinder ; to obstruct 
— Im-podl-mant (-pSdT-ment), ». Hindrance ; 
obstacle ; difficulty. 

Im-pel' (Tm-pSK), V. t. [IxFSLLxo (-padO ; Im- 
PKLLIM0.1 To urge forward ; to move. 

Im-peiLd' (tm-pSud'), v. i. To hang over ; to men- 
ace ; to be imminent. — Im-pend'eiLOO (-«ns), n. 

Im-pMl'^-tra-Ue (Tm-p6n't-tr&-bU), a. Incapable 
of being penetrated ; inaccessible to knowledge, 
reason, sympathy, etc. — Im-pen'd-tra-'bly, cidv. 

Im-peiLl-tont (Tm-pSnT-tent), a. Not penitent ; 
not repenting of sin; obdurate. —n. A hard- 
ened sinner ; a reprobate. — Im-penl-tAILt-ly, 
adv. — Im-peiLl-taioe (-tens), n. 

Im-p«r'a-tlYe (Tm-pSr'A-tTv), a. Expressive of 
command; authoritative; obligatory; binding. 

Im'p«r-oq^-ble (Im/pSr-s8ptT-b1), a. Not per- 
ceptible ; insensible ; very small, fine, or slow. 
— Wp«r-oop^-bl7, adv. — Im'p«r-eep^-l)l»- 
nmum Wpar-impftl-DUa-ty (-bTia-t^), n. 

Im-perffeot (Tm-per'fSkt), a. Not perfect; not 
complete ; defective. — Im-pcrf Mt-ly, adv. — 
Im-par'feot-nou, n. — Im^pff-feotion (Tm'p^r. 
fSk'shlin), n. Quality or condition of being im- 
perfect; defect; fault; blemish; vice. 

Im-p6^-al (Tm-pS'rT-al), a. Pertaining to an 
empire or emperor; sovereign; supreme. ^n. 
Tuft of hair on a man's lower lip; article ol 
large size, as a photograph, sheet of paper, etc. 
— M-pe'ri-al-ly, adv. — M-pe'ri-al-ism 
(-Tz'm), n. Power or character of an emperor ; 
imperial authority ; spirit of empire. — Im-pe'- 
ri-a-list (-Tst), n. One who serves an emperor 
or favors imperialism. 

Im-per'll (Tm-p6r^l), v. i. To bring into peril *, 
to endanger. 

Im-p6^-0lUI (Tm - pS ' rT - fis), a. Oommanding ; 
haughty ; arrogant ; derootic ; pressing. 

Im-pei^isb-a-ble (Tm-pSrTish-^-b*!), a. Not per- 
ishable; indestructible. 

Im-per'me-a-Uo (Tm-pSr^mS-ft-bU), a. Not per- 
meable; impervious; impenetrable. — Im-pof- 

me-a-bUa-ty (-^-MW-ty), ». 

flBi, veoeott drb. rude, i^^ fim, Ufadf Ufot, out, oil, isliair, go* >>ns> i||^ tben, tliin. 




M-poi'iMm-al (Im-pSr'slin-al), a. Not powonal ; 

not repreaentuu^ a person. 

iBL-per'SOn-ate (Im-pSr'siin-at), v. t To invest 
with personality ; to personate. — Im-pofBOIl- 
atlon (-a'shtiu), Im'p«r-M]il-fl-catieiL (im^- 
pSr-sSn^T-fT-ka'sh&n), n. An impersonating. 

IllL-pOI^tl-liant (Tm-pS^tT-nent), a. Not i>ertinent ; 
Iiaving no bearing on tlie subject ; inapplicable ; 
contrary to the rules of propriety or good-breed- 
ing ; saucy ; impudent ;' insolent. 

M'par-tnxdba-Uo (Tm/pgr-tQr'b«.b*l), a. Not to 
be disturbed or agitated. — Im^per-tllXlMl-llly, 

adv. — rrn'ror-twiia-bU'l-ty (-btii-ty), n. 

Im-ptr'Yl-OIUI (Tm-pSr'vT-&s), a. Not pervious; 
impassable ; pathless ; impenetrable. — Im-p«r'- 
▼l-ous-ly, adv. — M-perM-iraa-noM, n. 

In'po-tlUI (Tm'pi-tfis), n. Momentum ; force of 
motion . — Im-p6t'11-01UI (Tm-pSf (i-fis) , a. Bush- 
ing with violence ; hasty ; precipitate ; passion- 
ate. — Xm-pofn-ons-ly, adv. — Im-pet'n-ou- 
ness, Im-pet'n-oi'l-ty (-Ss^-ty), n. 

Im-pl'e-ty (im-pi'^-tj^), n. The quality of being 

In-pinge' (Tm-pTnj')> V. i. [IMFINOBD (-pTnjd') ; 
iMPiNenre.] to fall or dai& against ; to strike ; 
to hit. 

IBL^I-OIU (Tm'pT-tLB), a. Not pious; irreligious; 
profane; manifesting want of reverence for 
God. — iD/Pi-OiiB-ly, adv. — M'^^-OiiB-neM, 
Im-pi'd-ty (Im-pi'«-ty), n. 

IHL-pla'oa-Ue (Tm-pla'k&-b*l), o. Not capaUe of 
being pacified ; inexoraUe ; relentless. — Im- 
pU'oa-Ml'1-ty (-bli'l-ty),li. 

Im-plailt^ (Ym-plfinf), V. i. To set; to plant; to 
infix. — m'^plan-ta'tlOIL (Tm'plXn-ta'dilin), n. 
An implanting. 

Im^la-meiLt (Tm'pl^-ment), n. Instrument ; tooL 

Im'plez (Tm'plSks), a. Infolded ; intricate ; com- 
plicated. — M'pU-oata (Im'pll-kat), v. t. To 
mfold ; to connect in many relations ; to show 
to be connected or concerned. — IllL'pll-catlon 
(-ka'shlin), n. An implicating ; state of being 
implicated; entanglement; inference. 

im-pllo'lt (Im-plTsat), a. Fairly to be under- 
stood, though not expressed in words ; implied ; 
trusting to the word of another, without re- 
serve ; unquestioning ; complete. 

M-plory (Tm-plSr'), v. t. [Imflobbd (-plSrd') ; 
IxFUOBJSQ.'] To call upon earnestly ; to be- 
seech ; to crave ; to entreat ; to beg. 

TfH-ply/ (Tm-pli'), t'. t. [Ibiflibd (Tm-plid') ; Im- 
PLTiMO.] To contain by implication ; to include 
virtually ; to involve ; to import ;* to signify. 

Im-pol'l-cy (Tm-p81't-85^), n. Inexpedienoe ; bad 

Tm/piulltA/ (Tm'pft-llt'), a. Not polite ; uncivil. 

Im-pori-tiC (Ira-pClT-tlk), a. Not politic ; indis- 
creet ; inexpedient. 

Im-pon'der-a-ble (Tm-p8n'd8r-4pbn), a. Not pon- 
derable ; without sensible weight. — Im-poil'- 
der-a-bU'l-ty (-bllT-ty), n. 

Tm-pm^iwiM (Im-pSr'fis), a. Destitute of pores; 
compact in texture ; solid. — Im^pO-ZOS'l-ty 
(Im'p^-rSs'T-ty), n. Want of porosity. 

Xm-poct^ (Tm-pOrtO, V. ^. To bring in from abroad 
or from another country ; to mean ; to signify ; 
to denote ; to concern. — Im'^^ort (Tm'port), 
n. Thing imported ; signification ; moment. — 

M-port'er (-pSrt^r), n. — Im-perf a-ble, a. — 

Im-pOI^tance (-pdr'tons), n. Quality of behig 
important ; consequence ; moment ; significance. 

— Im-por'tailt (-tant), a. Carrying weight or 
consequence; momentous; serious; necessary. 

— Im'por-tatlon (tm'pir-tS^shtin), n. An im- 
porting ; goods imported. 

Im/per-time' (Tm/p5r-tun'), v. t. [iMFOBTinraD 
(-tund'); iMPOETDNiNa.] To request with ur- 
gency ; to press with solicitation ; to tease. — 
UL'por-tn'ni-ty ( -tu ' nl - tj^ ), n. Pressing so- 
licitation; urgent request. — Im-por'ta-nato 
(Im-]^r'tfi-ntt), a. Troublesomely urgent ; per- 
tinacious in solicitation. — InL-poi^tn-na-oy (hh^ 
sj^), n. Quality of being importunate. 

Im-peso' (Tm-p5z'), v. t. [Imfosbd (Tm-p5zd0; 
iMFOBZNa.] To lay on ; to place ; to dej^osit. — 
V. i. To deceive. —-Im-pes'tr (Ym-pSz'Sr), n. 
— Im-poa'a-Ue (-&-b'l), a. Capable of being im- 
posed. — Im-pOBln^, a. Imprtesi ve ; command- 
mg ; deceiving ; misleading. — n. Preparation 
of forms of type for printing. — finpOBillg 
Stone. Stone on which types are imposed (v 
made into forms. — Im'po-Sitlon (Tm'pi-sTsh'- 
lin), n. An imposing, laying on, infiicting, ob* 
truding, etc. ; charge ; biurden ; tax ; fraud ; im> 
posture ; deception put on others ; a laying oa 
of the hands as a religious ceremony. 

Im-pea'ai-Ue (Tm-pSe'i^-b'l), a. Not possible ; in- 
capable of being done; impracticable. — Im-poi^'- 

8i-My, adv. — Im-poa'si-Wi-ty (-bTii-ty), n. 

Impost (Tm'pSst}, n. Tribute ; duty ; a tax on 
goods imported into a country; the 
part of a pillar on which weight rests. 

Im-postor (Tm-pOs'tSr), n. One who 
imposes upon others ; cheat ; rogue ; 
pretender. — IHL-pOBtim (-tftr), n. 
Cheat; fraud; imposition. 

Im'pO-tait (Tm'p$-t0nt), a. Not po- 
tent; wanting adequate power or 
vigor. — n. One feeble or infirm. — 
M'po-tait-ly, adv. ~ im ' pe - tonce 
(-tens), Im'>0-teiL-oy (-t«n-sj^), n. 
Want of power ; wealmess ; imbecility. 

Im-pcy'er-lBlL (Tm-p6v'Sr-Tsh), V. t. 
[Ihpovsrishko ( -Tsht ) ; Impdvxbisb- 
nro.] To make poor ; to reduce to Import, 
poverty ; to exhaust the fertility of. 

M-praCU-oa-lble (tm-prSk'tT-k&.b'l), a. Not 
practicable ; incapable of being accomplished ; 
not easily managed or dealt with. 

Im'pr»-oate (Tm^prt-kat), v. t. To invoke (a 
curse) upon ; to swf>ar at. — Illl'pxVHiatleilL 
'(-ka'shiln),n. Malediction; curse; execration. 

Im-preg'lia-blO (Tm-pr8g'n&-b'l), a. Not to be 
taken by assault ; invincible. — Im-pngflUI-llly, 

Im-preg^liate (tm-prSg^iSt), v. t. To make preg- 
nant ; to fertilize ; to infuse particles of another 
substance into ; to imbue. — Im'prof-liatlllB 

1, 8,1, 5» 11« long ; &, 6, 1, ft, O, f. short ; Mn&te, «vent. tdea. Obey. Onite, o4ra. Ilrm, Ask, «^ flaoi. 




(Tiik'in^-iiifdiQii), n. An ImprjBgxuitiiiff; mix- 
ture of parts ; infusion ; saturation. ' 
Im-vnur (Tm-|nr6s0, v. i. [IimuiuBD (-prBstO * 
iMPBSSsnra.] To press ; to stamp ; to imprint ; 
to take by force for public service. — Im^rtSS 
(Im'prfis), n. Mark made by pressure ; indenta- 
tion ; imprint ; stamp; influence wrought on tlie 
mind; act of impressing for tlie public service. 
— Im-prou'M)le (-prSs^-b*l), a. Capable of 
being impressed ; susceptive ; sensitive. — Im- 
prei'lion (-prfishlin), n. Stamp ; mark ; print ; 
edition ; influence ; effect. — Im-prM^Slini-a-ble 
( -4-b'l ), a. Susceptible of impression. — Im- 
pnas'lYO (Tm-prBs'Tv), a. Producing an im- 
pression ; effective. — Im-prMtlY»-l7i adv. — 
Im-pxws'iYd-ness, n. ->lm- press 'mant, n. 

Seizure for public use. 

fn-pzlllf (Im-prTnf ), v. t. To impress ; to mark 
by pressure ; to stamp (letters on paper, by 
/ means of t3rpe8) ; toflx indelibly (on the mind or 
memoTY). — Im'prlllt (Tm'prTnt), n. Whatever 
is printed ; name of the printer or publisher, 
etc., on the title-page of a book. 

iBL-pria'OIl (Tm-prTz"n), v. t. [Imfbuonbd (-'nd) ; 
iMPBUomMo.] To put into a prison ; to confine ; 
to immure. — In-prlft'ain-meiLt (-ment), n. In- 
carceration ; custody ; confinement. 

Im-proVa-llle (Tm-pr5b'&-b1), a. Not probable ; 
unlikely to be true. — InL-proVa-blTt adv, — 
lm-proVa-bU'1-ty (-blil-tj^), n. 

Xm-prnmptll (Tm-promp't(i), adv. & a. Offhand ; 
without rtudy. — n. An offhand comi)08ition. 

Im-prop'tr (Tm-prSp'Sr), a. Not proper ; imfit ; 

indecent. — Im-pTOp'er-ly, €idv. — m'pro-pri'- 

d-ty (tm/prt'Tpnft-tf)y n. Unfitness; unsuit- 
able act, expression, etc. 

Im-pXOVO^ ( Tm-prSdv'), v. t. [iMPBOVan (-pr55vd' ) ; 
Imfbovzno.] To make better; to employ to 
good purpose ; to mend ; to correct ; to rectify. 
«-v. i. To grow better. — Im-prOYe'meiLt, n. 
Progress toward something better; anything 
added in order to improve something else. 

M-piOY'l-deiLt (Tm-pr5vT-d«nt), a. Not provi- 
dent ; negligent ; careless ; heedless. 

m-pni'dait ( Tm - prn ' dent ), a. Not prudent ; 
wanting discretion ; injudicious ; incautious ; 
rash. — Im-pni'deiLMy, adv. — Im-prn'deiLoe 
(-dens), n. Quality of being imprudent. 

im^-dnLt (Tm'p(i-d0nt), a. Bold, with disre- 
gard of others ; wanting modesty ; shameless ; 
rude ; insolent. — Im^ll-denoe (-d^ns), n. Au- 
dacity ; shamelessness ; want of modesty. 

Xm/^nlae ^fm'pfils), n. Act of impelling ; force 
communicated ; sudden motion exciting to ac- 
tion ; impression ; instigation. — Im - pvl ' Sion 
(Tm-pfil'shttn), n. An hnpelling or driving on- 
ward; impulse. — Xm-pvl'slYO (-siv), a. Hav- 
ing power of impelling ; actuated by impulse. 

Im-piral-ty (Tm-pu'nT-t^), n. Exemption from 
punishment, injury, or loss ; security. 

Im-pilT9' (Tm-pnrO, ^* ^o^ pa>^ ; ^oul ; unholy ; 


to irfAiilrate. — Im'pll-ta'tlOB (Ym^pt-ti^dittB)| 
n. An imputing ; a churge ; censure ; reproach. 

&l (Tn), prtp. Within ; inside of ; surrounded by ; 
present.— adv. Not out; inside.— n. One in 
office ; — opposed to ovi; a nook ; a comer. 

In^a-bill-ty (fn^&-bll^-tj^), n. Lack of abiUty ; 

;(]|'ao-oeM'i-l)le (Tn'Sk-s6s^-bn), a. Not access- 
ible ; not to be reached or obtained. 

In-ao'011-rate (Tu-Sk^Eft-rtt), a. Not accurate; 
displaying want of attention ; erroneouii. — &|- 
at/cn-rate-ly, adv. — In-ao^cu-ra-cy (-rft-sj^), n. 
Want of accuracy ; fault ; error ; blunder. 

In-aotton (Tn-Sk^shtin), n. Want of action ; idle- 
ness ; rest. — In-a^KuYO (-tT v), a. Not active 
or busy ; idle ; dull ; lazy. — ln-Uf/tiW^lY, adv. 

— lii'ao-tlY'i-ty (Tn/Kk-tivi-ty), ». 

&l-ad'e-411iate (Tn-Sd't-kwtt^, a. Not adequate ; 
insuffl^iient ; incapable. — UL-ad'e-qna-cy (-kw&- 

i^\ bi-ad'e-anate-neBS, n. 

In'ad-mls'Bl-Ue (Tn^Xd-mTs'sT-bn), a. Not ad- 
missible ; not proper to be admitted, allowed, or 
' received. — in'ad-mis'si-Uy, adv. — In ' ad ' 
mis/Bl-))U1-ty (-blll-tj^), n. 

In^ad-YOrt'ent (Tn^Sd-vSrfent), a. Not turning 
the mind to a matter ; careless ; negligent. — 
&i'ad-Y8rt'ont-ly, adv. — bi^ad-Yart'enoe 

(-«ns), In'ad-Y«rt'«ll-oy (-«n-sj^), n. Quality of 
being inadvertent ; oversight ; mistake ; fault. 

In-al'lon-a-Uo (Tn-Sl'yen-4-b'l), a. Incapable of 
being alienated, or transferred to another. 

In-an^ (Tn-In'), a. Empty ; void of sense or in- 
telligence. — UL-an'i-ty (-Unl-ty), n. Empti- 
ness ; frivolity. — In^a-nltlOll (-^-nTsh'ttn), n. 
Inanity ; exhaustion from want of food. 

In-an'i-mate (Tn-Si/T-mtt), a. Not animate ; des- 
titute of life or spirit ; inert ; dull ; spiritless. 

In'a-xdtloii) In-an'i-ty, n. See under Inahs, a. 

In-ap'pll-oa-Ue (Tn-Sp'plT.k&-b*l), a. Not appU- 
cable ; not suited to the purpose ; inappropnate. 

In'ap-pre'Ci-a-Ue (Tn^Sp-prS^shT-A-b'!), a. Not 
appreciable ; too small to be perceived. 

bl'ap-pro'prl-ate (Tn^Sp-prS'pri-tt}, a. Unbecom- 
ing; unsuitable. — In^ap-pro'pn-atd-ly, a<fv. 

In-arolL' (Tn-Srch'), v. t. To graft by uniting (a 
scion) to a stock, without separating it from itc 
parent tree. — In-arolL'lng, n. 

In'ar-tlO'U-late (Yn^ar-tTk'ti-lat), 
a. Not articulate; not dis- 
tinct, or with distinction of 
syllables ; not Jointed. — In^- 

ar-tlo'ii-late-ly, adv. — In'ar- 

tio'Ti-late-no88, In ' ar - tic ' u- 

la'tlon (-la'shtln), n. 
In-arU-11'Cial (Tn-»r/tT-nsh'al), 

a. Not artificial or made by 

art ; artless ; simple ; natural. 
In^as-mnolL' (Tn^Sz-mttch'), adv. 

Seeing that ; considering that ; 

In'at-tenmon (Tn'St-tfin'shfin), n. 

tion or consideration; heedlessness; thouglit- 

lessness; neglect. — bl'at-ton'tlYe (-tlv), a. 

Not attentive ; negligent ; remiss. 

Want of atten- 

f8m, recent, 6rb, r^de, f^, Am, food, fo'ot, ont, oil, chair, go, sins, iQk, then, thin. 





fil-ail'dl-bl» (Tn<f^dY.b*l). a. Not audible ; not to 
be heard ; noiseleas ; sUent. — In-au'dl-bly, adv. 

&l-ail'g11-nil (Tn-f/gd-ral), a. Pertaining to an in- 
auguration. — a. An inaugural address. — In- 
an'gn-rata (-rat), v. t. To induct into ofBce; 
to cause to begin ; to consecrate ; to dedicate. 
— In-au'gll-ra'tlon (-la'shfin), n. An inaugu- 
rating ; formal beginning of any action, etc. 

In'ans-pi'olollS (Tn^ftfr-pTBhtis), a. Not auspf 
ciouE ; ill-omened ; unfavorable. 

laTtlOSm (Tn'bdm^), a. Bom in or with ; implant- 
ed by nature ; innate. 

In-cal'CU-la-bla (Tn.kSl^d-l&-b*i), a. Not to be 
calculated ; beyond calculation. 

iB'ca-lOB'ceiLt (Tn'kA-lSs'stfnt), a. Orowing warm ; 
increasing in heat. — In'oa-lei'oaioe O^ns), n. 

In'can-dOB'ceiLt (tn'kSn-dSs's^nt), a. White or 
glowing with heat. — In'cail-dea'cainM (-sens), 
n. A white heat ; glowing whiteness caused by 
intense heat. 

Xn'oan-tatlon (Tn'kSn-IS'sbiin), n. Singing or re- 
cital of formulas, by way of enchanting ; en- 

bl-oa'pa-ble (Tn-ka'p&-b'l), a. Not large enough 
to contain or hold ; insufficient ; disqualified. 

In'oa-pac'i-ty (Tn0c4-pSsT-tj^), n. Want of capaci- 
ty, of intellecikual power, or of legal competency ; 
incapability; unfitness; disqualification. — In'- 
oa-pac'l-tate (-tiSt), v. t. To deprive of capacity 
or power ; to disable ; to disquidify. 

In-oar'OOr-ate (Yn-kar'sSr-at), V. t. To imprison. 

Xn-cai/nate (Tn-kar'nSt^, v. t. To clothe with, or 
embody in, flesh. — a. Invested with flesh : em- 
bodied in human form. — In'oar-na^on (-na'- 
shtin), n. A clothing with flesh ; personifica- 

In-oase' (Tn-kasO. V. t' [lH0A8B> (-kasf ) ; Inoas- 
rao.] To inclose in a case. 

In-cantloilb (Yn-kj^'shfis), a. Not cautious; in- 
discreet ; imprudent. — lB-oailtl01LI-l7t odv. 

In-oeu'dl-a-ry (Yn-sSn'dY-a-rj^), n. One who ma- 
liciously sets fire to a house or excites strife ; 
an agitator.^ a. Pertaining to the malicious 
bummg of a dwelling ; inflammatory ; seditious. 

In'OOnso (Yn'sSns), V. t. [Incensed (Yn'sSnst); 
iNCENSiNa.] To perfume with incense. — n. 
Perfume exhaled by burning spices, gums, etc. 

Xn-conse' (Tn-sSns'^, V. t. [Incensed (in-sSnsf) ; 
Incensing.] To mflame to anger ; to provoke. 

In-OOIL'tlYe (Yn-sfiu'tYv). a. Inciting; encoura- 
ging, ^n. Motive; stimulus; encouragement. 

In-oeptton (Tn-sfip'shttn), n. Beginning; com- 
mencement. — bl-oep'tiYO ( - tYv ), a. Begin- 
ning ; expressing or indicating beginning. 

Ln-cor'tl-tndo (Yn-sSr'tY-tud), n. Uncertainty. 

In-oes'sant (Tn-sSs'sant), a. Unceasing ; contin- 
ual ; perpetual. — iB-oes'sailt-ly, adv. 

InolL (Ynch), n. The twelfth part of a foot. 

In'oho-atO (Yn'ki-at), a. Recently begun ; incom- 
plete. — iB-Cho'a-tlYe (Yn-kS'&'tYv), a. Ex- 
pressing beginning ; inceptive. 

In'ci-dont (Tn'sT-dent), a. Falling on ; happening 
accidentally ; casual. ^ n. That which usually 
happens; circumstance; event; chance; casu 

Incised LeaL 

atty. — In'ol-a«BM (-dens), n. Direetkm in 
which a body, ray of light or heat, etc., faU« 
on a surface. ~&l'cl-d«ntal (Yn'sY-dSn'tal), a. 
Happening, as an occasional event ; accideotal; 
casuaL — lll'ci-deiL'tal-ly, adv, 

bl-elpt-fllLt (Tn-sIp'T-ent), a. Beginning; com- 
mencing. — In-oipl-eiice (-ens), Iii-olp'i-«&-o7 
(-en-^), n. Commencement. 

iB-GlBe' (In-siz'), V. t. [Incised (-mzdO ; Ihcd- 
oro.] To cut in ; to carve ; to 
engrave. — In-Ci86d' (-fflzd'^, a. 
Gut in ; engpraved ; having aeep 
and sharp notches. — In-U'lion 
(-sYzh'lin), n. A cutting into a 
substance ; cut ; gash. — &|-oi'- 
aive (-si'sYv), a. Cutting ; pene- 
trating; sharp; acute; sarcas- 
tic ; biting. — In-Cl'BOr (-zer), 
n. A cutter ; fore tooth. — In- 
0i'80-ry(-z6-rj^), a. Having the 
quality of cutting. 

In-Oltd' (Yn-sif), V. L To move to action; to 
stimulate; to instigate; to urge; to animate. 

— iB-oit^er, n. — bi-ttlt'ant (-atont), n. That 
which incites or causes ; stimulant. — In'ol-ta'- 
tlon (Yn'sY-ta'shttn), n. Incitement; motive; 
incentive. — In-dwinait (-uf ment), n. Ifo. 
tive ; incentive ; impulse ; encouragement. 

In'ci-vU'i-ty (Yn'sY-vtW-ty), ». Qudity of being 
uncivil; immanuerliness ; rudeness. 

Xn-Olem'ent (Yn-kl8m'ent), a. Not clemmt ; un- 
merciful ; severe ; stormy ; rigorously cold, etc. 

— Xn-oltm'eiL-cy (-en-^), n. Condition of being 
inclement ; harshness ; severe cold. 

bl-oUne' (Yn-klinOt v.L&i. [Inclined (-klindO ; 
Inclining.] To lean ; to bend ; to be disposed. 
— n. Slope; grade. — luoUned plane. A plane 
that makes an oblique 
angle with the horizon ; 
one of the mechanical 
powers. — In-cUn'er, n. 
— In-olln'a-ble(-4-bn), 
a. Disposed. — In'cli- 
shtin), n. An inclining ; 
leaning ; bent ; tendency ; bias ; propensity. 

In-close' (Yn-kloz^), V, t [Inclosed (-klSxdO ; Is- 
OLosiNG.J To surround ; to shut in ; to encom- 
pass.— u-olo'Slire (-klo'zhdr), n. An incloB- 
mg ; space contained ; bcurrier ; fence. 

In-OlUde' (Yn-klud'), V. t. To confine within ; to 
contain ; to comprehend ; to embrace. — In-OlU'- 
Sion (-klu'zhOn), n. An including. -^In-Oln'SlTe 
(-sTv), a. Inclosing; encircling; compreheiui- 
ing the stated limit or extremes. 

In-oog' (Yn-k5g0i In-oog^ni-to (-nY-t6), a. & adv. 
Unknown ; in disguise.— n. One in disguise; 
assumption of a feigned character. 

In'oo-her'ent (Tn'kft-hSr'ent), a. Not coherent; 
loose ; unconnected ; incongruous ; inconsistent 

In^oom-biutl-ble (Tn/kSm-b&s'tY-bn), a. Not 
combustible ; not capable of being burned, de- 
composed, or consumed by fire. -^^In'ooiBI-lnu'- 
U-ble-ne88, In'oom-bna'tl-blll-ty (-bYl^-i^), «. 

ad Inclined Plane. 

S» S, 1, 5, it, long ; ft, 6, 1, ft, il, jr» short ; aenftte, Avent, tdea, Obey, finite, c4re, iirm, Aak, §11, fimd. 




bl^OOme (Tn'Min), n. Oftin from labor, bunoeM, 
or property ; reTenoe ; receipts. — In'OOfll'lllC 
(Tn'klim'Ing), a. Coming in; accruing. 

In^OOm-men'sn-ra-llle (Tn'k5m-men'ahu-rApb*l), 
bl^OOai-meiL'Sll-rate (-^t), a. Not admitting of 
a common measure ; unequal ; insufficient. 

In^OOOI-lllode' (tn'k5m-m5d'), v. t. To give incon- 
venience or trouble to ; to annoy ; to trouble ; 
to disquiet ; to vex. — In'C0m-m(/dl-01UI (-mo'- 
dl-fis), a. Inconvenient ; unsuitable ; giving 
trouble. —In'oom-mo'dl-oiiB-ly, adv. 

In'OOm-mil'&l-oa-Ue ( Tu^k5m-mu'nT-k&-bl ), a. 
Not capable of being imparted to others. — In'- 
OOm-lllll'llii-oa-tlYe (-ttv), a. Not communica- 
tive ; reticent ; unsocial. 

Xn-OOm'pa-ra-'ble (Tu-k5m'p&-r^b*l), a. Not com- 
parable ; matchless ; transcendent. 

In'oooi-pai'sifa-ate (Tn^kSm-pSshlin-ftt), a. Not 
compassionate ; unpitying. 

b/OOm-pat'i-Uo (Tn'kSm-pat'Y-bU), a. Not com- 
patible ; irreconcilably opposed ; contradictory ; 
dissimilar; discordant; repugnant. 

lB-00m^»-tait (Tn-k5m'pi-t«nt), a. Not compe- 
tent; wanting in adequate strei^h, capacity, 
means, qualifications, etc.; unfit. — iB-OOin'po- 

tanoe (-t^ns), bi-com-pe-tan-cy (-t^n-s]^), n. 

In'OOOI-plete' (Tn'kSm-plef), a. Not complete ; 
unfinished ; imperfect ; defective. 

iB-COm'pre-lLeiL'Sl-ble (Tn-k5m'pr$-h6n'sT-b*l), a. 
Not comprehensible ; incapable of being under- 
stood ; inconceivable. ^In-OOm'pre-lieil'Si-bly, 

adv. — In-oom^prd-hen'sl-blA-neBS, In-oom^- 
pri^]ion'8i-liil'l-t7 (-bllt-ty), n. 

In^OOn-OOlY'a-ble (in'k5n-8§v'&-b'l), a. Not con- 
ceivable; incomprehensible. 

In/Oon-OlV^aiYe (Tn'kSn-klu'sTv), a. Not conclu- 
sive ; not settling a doubtful question. 

bl-GOn^gZll-OIUi (Tn-kOn'gr^-fis), a. Not congru- 
ous to a standard or an end ; inconsistent ; 
unsuited; unfit; improper. — In'OOn-nu'l-ty 
(Tn'k5n-gru1-ty or -kSn-), n. Want of congru- 
ity; inoonsiBtency ; impropriety. 

iB-COn'M-ttlMlLt (Tn-k5n'Bl-kw6nt), a. Not fol- 
lowing from the premises ; invalid ; Ulos^oal ; hi- 
consistent. — In-COn'M-qneiL^tlal (-kv^n'shal), 
a. Not regularly following from the premises ; 
not of consequence J of little moment. 

In^OOn-ald'W-a-Ue (Wlc5n-sTd'Sr-&-b'l), a. Un- 
worthy of consideration ; unimportuit ; trivial. 

In/Qon-Ud'er-ate (Tn%5n-sTd'Sr-at), a. Not con- 
siderate; hasty; thoughtless; heedless; rash. 

In'OOn-ltfSt'eiLt (Tn^kSn-sTs'tent), a. Not consist- 
ent ; at variance ; incompatible ; discordant ; 
repugnant ; contradictory ; changeable. — In'- 
con-sUt'ent-ly, adv. — In'cen-slst'eiLCO (-tens), 
Xn^GOB-SlSt'eiL-oy (-t«n-s^), n. Quality of being 
inconsistent ; amnirdity in argument or narra- 
tion ; chuigeableness. 

In'OOn-Ml'a-Ue (Tn/k5n-s51'&-b*l), a. Not con- 
solable ; not to be consoled ; disconsolate. 

In-OOn'StaiLt (Tn-kSn'stant), a. Not constant ; 
subject to change ; variable ; fickle ; volatUe ; 
unstable. — Xn-con'stan-oy (-stan-sj^), n. Mu- 
tability; fickleness; dissimilitude. 

&l'00ll-tMra-1lle an'k0n-t6st'&-b*l}, a. Not 
testable ; indisputable ; undeniable. 

In-OOlLtl-nant (Tn-kSn'tt-nent), a. Not continent ; 
lewd. — n. One who is unchaste. — In-OOIl'tt- 
nant-ly, adv. Without due restraint of the pas- 
sions or appetites ; unchastely ; immediately ; 
at once ; suddenlv. — iB-OOn'tt-llttloe ( -nens ), 
In-COSLti-liain-oy ('nen-t^)^ n. Quality of bemg 
incontinent ; unchastity ; lewdness. 

Xn-oen^tro-Yor^-ble (In-k5u/tr*-v8r'tl-b'i), a. 
Not controvertible ; too clear to admit of dis- 
pute; indisputable. 

I^/Con-Yen'iont (tnOcSn-ven'yent), a. Not be- 
coming or suitable ; unfit ; disadvantageous ; 
inopportune. — In'oon-YeiL'laint-ly, adv. — la/- 
Gon-Yenlanoe (-y«ns), Xn'oen-Yeu'leiL-cy (-y<ni- 
sj^), n. Want of convenience; disadvantage; 
disquiet ; annoyance ; trouble. — Ill'^GOlI-YeilL'- 
ionco, V. t. To incommode. 

Ill-G<n/pO-rate (Tn-kOr'pi-rtt), a. Not consisting 
of matter ; not having a material body ; incor- 
poreal ; spiritual ; not incorporated ; not ex- 
isting as a corporation. 

In-GOrlK>-rate (In-kdr'pt-rat), a. incorporated ; 
corporate; made into one body; embodied; 
combined. —v. /. To form into one body; to 
combine (different ingredients) into one mass ; 
to give material form to ; to embody ; to form 
into a l^;al body, or body politic ; to constitute 
into a corporation, —v. i. To unite ; to be 
mixed or blended. — In - GOT ^ PO - ra ' tloil (-rS'- 
shtin), n. An incorporating ; state of being in- 
corporated ; union in one mass or organization ; 
formation of a legal body by union of individu- 
als. — In-COr'pO-ra'tor (-kdr'pft-rS^ter), n. 

&l'OOr-porr»-al (Tn'k6r-pyr^-al), a. Not corpo- 
real; not consisting of matter; intangible; 
bodiless; spirituaL — In-COl/po-rG'l-ty (Tn-kdr'- 
p$-rS^-tj^), n. Immateriality. 

In'oor-reor (Tn^kOr-rSkf), a. Not correct; not 
according to copy, model, established rule, 
truth, right, or duty ; wrong ; faulty. 

In-OOirrl-gl-ble (Tn-kSr'rT-jT-b'l), a. Not corrigi- 
ble; irreclaimable, ^n. A hardened criminaL 
— In-OGr'rl-gl-bly, adv. — In-oor^-gl-bl»- 
noM, In-oorrl-^-bU'i-tY (-bTH-t^), n. 

In^OOr-rapf (Tn'kor-rtipf), a. Free from cor- 
ruption ; pure ; untainted. — In'oor-nipfl-bla 
(-rup'tl-b*l), a. Incapable of corruption; in- 
fiexibly just and upright. — In'COr-nipt'1-Uo- 
noBS, In/oor-nipM-WI'i-ty (tl-bTil-ty), lii'- 
COr-rnp^on (-rup'shiin), n. Exemption from 

In-croaM' (tn-kres'), V. i. & t. [Incrbasbd 
(-kresf) ; Incrsasino/] To enlarge ; to aug- 
ment ; to improve. — ui'oroaBe (Tn'kres or Tn- 
kres'), n. Orowth; produce; increment; off- 
spring; addition. 

In-orod'i-ble ( tn-krgd^-bU ), a. Not credible; 
impossible to be believed. — In-cred't-U^-nOM, 

In-ored'i-bU'i-ty (-bHT-tJ), n. 
lB-Gred^-l01U (Tn-kr6d'(i-lQs), a. Not credulous; 
indisposed to believe ; i^eptical. — In-orod'lfr* 
lous-noas, Xn'ora-dnll-ty (wkrt-dulY-tj^), n. 

fSm, recent, 6rb, rgde, f^ll, lUn, fdbd, fdbt, out, oil, cliair, (o, sins, i||k, then, tliin. 




bl'dn-meilt (TnOEri-ment), n. InoreMe ; growth. 

In-onut^ (tn-^rilB^), V, t. To coTer with a cruBt 
or hard coat. — In^oniS-ta'tion (TnOErtia-ta/- 
shfiu), n. An incrustmg ; a crust ; a coat. 

tn'OU-oate (Tn'kfi-bat), V. i. To sit on (egga for 
hatching) ; to brood. — In'cil-lMltlon(-ba'Bhfiu), 
n. Act of incubating; development. — In'Cll- 
ba^tor (Tn ' kA - bS ' tf r), n. An apparatua for 
hatching eggs by artiiicial heat 

ta'CU-blur (Tnlcft-btts^, n. ; pi. £. Inoubusk (-^z), 
L. Ingubi (^bi). Nightmare ; oppresaiTe or stu- 
pefying inttueuce. 

In-Cld'oate (Tu-kfillcit), v. t. To impress ; to en- 
force ; to urge. — La^cnl-oatlon (Tn^ktU-ka'- 
sli&n), n. Teaching by repeated admonition. 

In-C1ll''pate (Tn-k&l'iMit), t>. t. To blame ; to cen- 
sure. —In' onl- INI' Uon ( Tn^kfil-pa^shtin ^, n. 
Blame ; crimination. — In-Olll'pa-tO-ry (In-kQl'- 
pdrti-rj^), a. Imputing blame ; criminatory. 

In^jlUll^ent (Yn-kihn'bent), a. Lying or resting 
upon; imposed as duty or obl^ation; indis- 
pensable. ^ n. One in possession of place or 
office. — In-ciunlben-oy (-beu-sj^), n. State of 
being incumbent; weight; duty; obligation; 
benefice ; office. 

(n-oumlier (Tn-kttm'bSr), V. L To encumber. — 
In-cumltranoa (-brans), n. A clog ; a check. 

tn-cnx' (Tn-klir'), v. t. LIncu&rbo f-klird') ; In- 

* cuRBiMO (-kdr'rTng).] To become liable to ; to 
expose one's self to. 

DirOni'a-Ue (Tn-kur^A-bU), a. Not curable; ir- 
remediable ; irrecoverable ; irretrievable. ^ n. 
One diseased beyond cure. 

fn-cnr'sdon (Tn-kCbr'shlin), n. An invaaion; an 
inroad ; a raid. 

In-cnr'vate (In-kflr'vat) , v. t. To bend ; to crook. 
^ a. Curved inward or upward. — In'OUT-va'- 
tlon (Yn^kCtr-va'shiin), n. Act of bending; 

fn-deht' (Tn-dSf), V. t. To bring into debt; to 
place under obligation. — Ui-doM'ed, a. Placed 
under obligation; owing restitution or grati- 
tude. — In-deht'ed-nesB, n. 

In-de'oeilt (Tn-de'sent), o. Not decent ; unfit to 
be seen or heard; indelicate; imseemly; im- 
modest ; gross ; impure ; obscene ; filthy. — 

In-de'cent-ly, adv. — In-de'cen-cy i-aen-»f), n. 

In'dA-Oi'SlOll (Tn'dt-sYzh'Qn), n. Want of de- 
cision or firmness; irresolution. — In'dd-Ci'SlYO 
(-si'slv), a. Not decisive or conclusive ; unset- 
tled; hesitating. 

In^dd-Clin'a-ble (In'd*-klin'i-b'l), a. Not varied 
by terminations. — In^de-Clin'a-hly, odv. 

fn/de-Cl/mm (Tn'de-ko'rttm), n. Want of deco- 
rum ; impropriety of behavior. — In^dd-COTons 
(Tn'dl-ko'rfia or In-dSk'ft-rfis), a. Not deco- 
rous ; unseemly ; rude ; coarse ; uncivil. 

In-doed' (In-ded'), adv. In reality ; in fact. 

In'd»-fat'i-Ka-1)Ie (TnMf-fStl-gA-b'l), a. Incapa- 
ble of being fatigued ; unwearied ; persevering. 

In'dO-fea'al-Ue (Tn/d*-fe'zl-b*l), a. Not to be. 

. defeated or made void. 

In'dd-fen'Si-hle (Yn/d^-fSn'sT-bM), a. Not defen- 
sible ; not capable of being justified. 

In'd»4lB'a-Ue (Tn'd«-rin'&-b'l), a. IbcaptUfid 
being definad. — In'dtt-fln'a-bly, adv. 

In-dAfl-nita (Tn-d8fT-nTt), a. Not defined ; not 
precise or certain. — In-dsfi'llita-ly, cuLv. 

&l-del'l-Uo (Tn-d61T-b'l), a. Not to be blotted 
out ; incapable of being effaced or forgotten. — 
In-del'i-Uy, adv. — Xn-deFi-Ull-ty (-T-bm. 

lB-d«11-oate (Yn-d61T-kfit), a. Not delicate ; of- 
fensive to good manners, or to purity of mind-: 
coarse ; indecent. — In-del'1-ca-oy (-k&^), n. ' 

Xn-dem'lli-fy (Tn-dSm'nT-fj^), V. t. [Indsmkifizd 
(-fid) ; Indbmkiftxno.] To save harmless ; to se- 
cure against loss ; to make good ; to reimburse. 

— In-dem^ni-fl-catlon (-fT-kS'shtiu), n. Rehu- 
bursement. — In-dflll'&l-ty ( In-dBm'nl-t^ ), n. 
Security to save harmless; exemption from 
loss ; compensation for loss or injury sustained. 

In-denf (Tn-dSuf ), v. t. To notch ; to bind out 
by indenture or contract; to begin (a line of 
print) further in from the margin than the rest 
of a paragraph. — v. i. To be notched ; to 
crook or turn; to wind in and out. »-n. A 
notch in the margin of anything. — In'doIL-ta'- 
tion (Tn'dSn-tS'ahiin), n. A cut ; depression. —■ 
In-dnLtnrB (-d6n't6r), n. An indenting ; writ- 
ten agreement between contracting parties.* 
V. t. To bind by indentures. 

In'dd-pend'Olt (Tn'dt-pSnd'ent), a. Not depend- 
ent ; not subject to control of others ; not rely- 
ing on others ; free ; ea^ ; pertaining to the 
Independents. — n. A Congregationalist, or 
one who believes each organized Christian 
church complete in itself, and independent of 
ecclesiastical authority.' — In'de-peild'ait-ly, 
adv. — In'dd-pend'eiice (-^ns), n. Exempticu 
from reliance on others, or control from them. 

In'dez (Tn'dSks^, n. ; pi, E. Indezbs (-8z), L. I>- 
DiCES (-dT-sez). Something which points out; 
a table for facilitating reference to topics in a 
book ; the forefinger ; an exponent. ^ v. /. To 
provide with an index. 

bl'di-a-maiL (Tn'dT-&-man or Ynd'yft-), n. A ship 
used in the East India trade. 

In'dl-an (Tn'dt-an or Tud'yan), a. Pertaining to 
India (in Asia), to the West Indies (islands of 
the Atlantic), or to the aborigines of Americc, ; 
made of maize or Indian com. 

— n. An inhabitant of the 
Indies ; aboriginal inhabitant 
of America. — Indian oom. 
Maize; an edible American 

In'dl-a rnVher. Caoutchouc. 
In'dl-oatO (Tn'dt-kat), v. t. To 

point out ; to discover ; to 

show. — In'dl-oa'tor (-ka'tSr), 

n. — In'dl-oant (-kant), a. & n. 

Showing. — In'dl-oatlon (-ka'- 

shGn), n. A pointing out; 

mark ; sign ; symptom. — In- t«.»«-« 

dlO'a-tlve ( In - dTk ' & - tTv), a. '"'**" 

Pointing out ; giving intimation or knowledge. 

— In-dlo'a-tlYe-ly, adv. 


m, e. I, o, O, long ;&,£,!. A. a. St short ; aen&te, «vent, tdea, Obey, finite, cftre, ttrm, 4dc, nil, flnaU 




In'dl-OM (Yi/dt-flBs), n., pi. of Ivdsz. 

In-tflof (in-dit/), V. t. To charge with crime ; 
ta present for judicial triaL — In-dlot'er (-3r), 
In-diofor, »■— In-diofment (-mei^t), n. An 
indicting ; a formal char^ of crime, preferred 
by a grand jury ; accusation in general. 

In-diFfor-tnt (Tn-dYffSr-ent), a. Not making a 
dilference ; of no accoimt ; neither particularly 
good nor bad ; passable ; impartial ; disinter- 
ested ; feeling no interest or care. — In-dlf ffll- 
enco (-«n8), n. The quality of being indiffer- 
ent ; carelessness ; apathy ; insensibiUty. 

In-dig'0-nOIUI (tu-dTj'l-ntis), a. Native to, or 
produced naturally in, or climate. 

In^dl-Cent (Tn'dT-jent), a. Destitute of property ; 
poor. — bl'dl-genoe, n. Poverty ; want. 

In'dl-Kesri-Uo (InMT-jSst^-b'l), a. Not digesti- 
ble; not easily converted into products fit to 
be absorbed. — lu'di-ftti^on (-jSs'chfin), n. 
Want of due digestion ; dyspepsia. 

In-dlg'&ailt (Tn-dig'nant), a. Affected with in- 
dignation ; feeling wrath or contempt. — fil^Ug^- 
nant-ly, otfv. — In'dlg-natlon (Tn/dTg-na'ahfin), 
n. Resentment; anger. — In-dlg'ni-tjir (In- 
dTg'nT-^), ». Action showing contempt ; msult. 

In'dl-gO (in'dT-gd), n. A deep blue color ; a blue 
coloring matter obtained from plants. 

In'dl-XMt' (WdY-rSkf ), a. Not direct; not 
stndghtf orward or upright ; unfair ; dishonest. 

— In'di-rao'tion ( - x«k^shfin ), n. An oblique 
course or means ; dishonest practices. 

In'diS-cnet^ (Tn'dTs-krSf ), a. Not discreet ; in- 
judiciouB ; rash ; hasty. — In'dls-oreetly, adv. 

— IlK^UHnro'tlOlL ( -krSsh'&n ), n. A want of 
discretion ; imprudence ; indiscreet behavior. 

In'dlS-creto^ (TnMTs-krSf ), a. Not discrete or 

In'dU-alml-llAto (TnMTs-krTmT-ntt), a. Want- 
ing discrimination; not making distinction; 
promiBCUous ; confused. 

fn/dis-pen'M-Ue (Tn^Is-pSn'sA-bn), a. Not to 
be dispensed with ; absolutely necessary. 

In'dla-POM' (Tn^ts-pOZ'), V. t. [LfDUFOSBD 

• (-pSzdO; IiroiBFoeiNG.;] To render unsuited; 
to disqualify ; to dLsincllne. — bl'dls-posod' 
rj>SzdOt a- UnweU. — In-dlrpo-Si'tlOll (Tn- 
dla^pft-zTsh^n), n. A slight illness ; aversion. 

In-dl^lpn-ta-bla (Tn^Is^pfi-tA-bn), a. Not dis- 
potable: unquestionable; certain. 

iB-dU'W-lV-Ue (Tn-dTs'st-lfi-bn), a. Not capa- 
ble of being dissolved ; perpetually obligatory. 
— Xn-dlB'so-ln-Uy, o(/r . — in - dis ' so - In - bla- 
SMS, m-dirso-ln-bU'i-ty (bTiT-tj^), n. 

iB/dla-ttnof (TnMTs-tTnkf ), a. Not distinct or 
di)9tinguishable ; obscure ; vague ; uncertain. 

iR-^W (Tn-dif ), V. t. To direct what is to be 
uttered ; to compose ; to write ; to be author of. 

— In-dlte'meiLt (-ment), n. Act of inditing. 
iB'dl-Tld'U-al (tnMI-vId'fi-al), a. Not divided ; 

single ; one ; peculiar to a single person or 
thing; distinctive. -i—n. A single person or 
thing. — In'dl-Tld'U-al-ly, adv. — In'di-Yld'Tl- 
al'l-ty (-Sinf-tj^), n. Separate nature or exist- 
ence ; character peculiar to an individual. 

In'dl-via^i-Ue(Tn/dT-vTzt.b'l),a. Not divisible ; 
not separable into parts ; not capable of exact 
division, ^n. Tliat which is indivisible. 

iB-doO'trl-nate (Iu-d5k'trl-nat), v. U To instruct 
in rudiments or principles. 

iB'dO-lflnt (tn'd6-l0nt), a. Indulging in ease; 
lazy ; slu^sh ; inactive. — In'dO-l^OO (-lens), 
n. Habitiud idleness ; laziness. 

In-dom'i-ta-Uo (Yn-d5ma-tfi-b'l), a. Not to be 
subdued or tamed ; invincible. 

In'dOOX^ (Tn'dor^), a. Being or done within doors, 
or in the house ; domestic. — In'doon^ (Tn'- 
dorz' or In'dorz'), adv. Within the house. 

In-donM' (tn-ddrs'), v. t. [Inoobsbo (-dSrsf) ; 
Indobsino.] To write upon the back of ; to write 
one's name upon the back of (a paper) to trans- 
fer it, or to secure payment of a note, draft, 
ete. ; to give one's name or support to ; to sanc- 
tion. — In-don'er, iB-dors'or (-Sr), n. — lR'' 
dor-866' (Tn'd8r-s5'), n. A person to whom a 
note or bill lb indorsed, or assigned by indorse- 
ment. — In-dorse'moiLt ( Tn-ddrs'ment ), n. A 
writing on the back of a note, bill, eto. ; sanc- 
tion; approval. 

In-dnOii-ta-ble (Yn-dua>T-tA-b'l), a. Not dubi- 
table ; too plain to admit of- doubt ; evident. 

bl-duoo' (tn-dus'), V. t. [INDUCBD (-dust') ; Iv- 
DUGiNo (-du'sYng).] To lead in ; to prevail on ; 
to impel ; to press ; to cause. — In-dUOe'meiLt 
(Tn-dus'ment), n. Motive ; reason ; influence. 

In-dnot' (Yn-dtlkf ), v. t. To bring in ; to intro- 
duce ; to put in possession (of a benefice or 
office). — In-dnot'or (-dttk'tSr), n. — In-duo'tion 
(-shlin), n. An inducting ; introduction ; proc- 
ess of reasoning from particulars to generals ; 
introduction into office. — bi-dnot'lVO (-dfik'- 
tTv), a. Leading or drawing \ derived by in- 
duction. — In-dnot'ivo-ly, adv. 

In-dno^tile (Tn-diik'tTl), a. Not ductile ; inca- 
pable of being drawn into threads. 

XQ-due' (Tn-du'), V. t. [Inddsd (-dud^ ; iNDunre.] 
To put on ; to clothe ; to invest ; to supply. 

In-dUge' (Yn-dfiljO, V. t. [INDUMED (-dWJdO *. 
iNDULGiNa (-dfil'jing).] To yield to the desire 
of ; to grattfy ; to humor ; to allow ; to favor. — 
In-dvl'ganoe (Tn-dfil'jens), n. The quality of 
being indulgent ; favor granted ; gratification. 
— In-dvl'geiLt, a. Prone to indulge or humor. 

In'dU-rate (In'dii-nt), v. i. & /. To harden.— 
a. Hardened ; obdurate. — iB^dU-ratlfln C-riS'- 
shSn), n. A hardening ; stiffness. 

In'dns-try (TnMtls-trj^), n. Habitual diligence; 
assiduousnoss ; laborioosness. — In-dns'tri-al 
(-d&s^trT-al), a. Consisting in, or pertaining to, 
industry, or the arts of industry. — iB-dlU'trl- 
C118 (-Sr), a. Given to industry ; diligent. 

In-eOliri-ate (Tn-e^^rT-St), v. t. To make drunk ; 
to stupefy ; to exhilarate. ^ n. An habitual 
drunkard ; a sot ; a toper. — In-Oliri-Allt (-ont^, 
a. Intoxicating. ^ n. Anjrthing that intoxi- 
cates. — In-e^brl-atioil (In-e'brT-a'shiin), In'*- 
bri'e-ty (Tn/ft-brl'^-tj^), n. Drunkeiiness. 

In-ef'fa-ble (Tn-Sf'f&-b'l), a. Incapable of being 
expressed in words ; unspeakable ; unutterable. 

recent, 6rb, r^de, fiydl, Om, fdbd, fcn»t, out, oil. cliair, (o, sins, ^1^ tl&en, ttiin. 




b'ef-faoriYe (W6f-f8k'tTT), a. Produdng no 
effect ; inefBcient ; vain ; iruitleas ; weak. 

In^ef-feo^-ftl (-f6k'tft-<il), a. Not producing the 
proper effect ; inefficient ; weak. 

Ill-«f^fl-ca'0i01UI (tn-ef fl-ka'ahfia), a. Not effica- 
cious; not producinff the proper effect. — &|- 

ef^fl-oa'cloiuhneM, u-oTfl-oa-oy (-fif'fl-k&-6j^), 

n. Inefficiency. 

bl^ef-fl'oleiLt (Tn'6f-fTsh'ent), a. Not efficient; 
not produciiu^ the effect ; slack or remiss. 

iDrBVb-guit ( In . gl ' ^ - gant ), a. Not elegant ; 
wanting in taste. — In-el'd-ganoo (-gans), In- 
Ol'd-can-cy (-gan-sj^), n. want of elegance. 

lE-eri-gi-We (tn-«, a. Not eligible ; in- 
capable of being elected to office ; not worthy 
to be chosen. — In-eM-gl-Ml'l-ty (-Mll-W), n. 

Xn'd-qnal'l-ty (In'$-kw61'I-ty), n. The quality of 
being unequal ; diversity ; want of levelness ; 

In-ert' (Yn-Srt/), a. Inactive ; sluggish ; dulL 

In-ei/tl-a (In-Sr'shT-i), n. Property by which 
matter, when at rest, tends to remain so, and 
when in motion to continue in motion. 

In-ei'tl-ma-Ue (Tn-Ss^tT-mA-bn), a. Incapable of 
being estimated ; above aU price ; invaluable. 

In-eY'i-ta-llle (Tn-evT-ti-bU), a. Not evitable; 
unavoidable ; not to be withstood or resisted. 

In'az-ClU'a-llle (Tn^6ks-kuz'&-b'l), a. Not admit- 
ting excuse or justification ; unpardonable. 

In'az-liaiuri-Uo (Tn'Sgz-ftsfY-b'l), a. Incapable 
of being exhausted or emptied. 

In-ez'0-ra-Uo (Tu - Sks ' 6 - r& - b*l), a. Not to be 
moved by entreaty ; unyielding. 

In'ez-pe'di-flnt (Tn'Sks-pI'dY-^nt), n. Not expe- 
dient ; unfit ; improper. 

In'az-pe'rl-enoe (In'Sks-pe'rT-^ns), n. Want of 

tn-ezl^-a-ble (Tn-Sk8^pT-&-b*l), a. Admitting of 
no atonement ; implacable. 

In-ezllli-ca-ble (Tn-&k8'pll-k&-b*l), a. Not ex- 
plainable ; incapable of being accounted for. 

In'ez-preBS'i-blo (Tn'Sks-pres'i-bU), a. Not capa- 
ble of expression ; unspeakable ; untold. 

In-ez'tll-ca-ble (Tn-Sks^trT-kA-bU), a. Not capa^ 
ble of being extricated. — In-dZ'trl-oa-bly, adv. 

tDrfJB' (Tn-i'), V, t. To inoculate (a tree) by in- 
serting a bud. 

In-faini-Ue (Tn-fXllT-bn), a. Not fallible ; exempt 
from liability to mistake ; certain. — Ui-fal'U- 
Illy, adv. — tn-falOl-bld-nesB, &i-fal'U-bU'l-ty 


Infa-my (In'f A^m]^), n. Loss of reputation ; pub- 
lic disgrace : extreme vileness. — Infa-molU 
(-mfis), a. Of ill report ; scandalous ; base. 

Infant (In'fant), n. A young child ; a person not 
of full age ; a minor. — a. Pertaining to infancy ; 
intended for young children. — In'fan-cy (-f an- 
tf), n. The state of being an infant ; first age of 
an3/1;hing ; condition of one under age ; nonage ; 
minority. — in'fan-tUo (-tn or -tTl), in'fan- 
tlne (-tin or -tin), a. Pertaining to, or charac- 
teristic of, infants or young children. 

blfan-try (Tn'fan-trj^), n. Foot soldiers, in dis- 
tinction from cavalry. 

In-farn-atO CTn-fSfA-St), v. t. To make fooli«h . 
to besot ; to mislead. — In-fat'u-atiim (-a'- 
shttn), n. An infatuating ; folly. 

In-feot' (Tn-«8kf ), v. L To taint with disease or 
att'ect with noxious matter ; to poison ; to pol- 
lute ; to defile. — In-feotftr, n. — Xn-feotion 
(-ffik'shtin), n. An infecting; that which in- 
fects ; a prevailing disease. — In-fM'tlons 
(-shtLs), a. Liable to communicate lijiM-tawft ; pes- 
tilential; easily diffused or spread. 

In'te-Uo1-ty ( Yn/f Mlst-tj^ ), n. Unhappiness; 
misery; unfortunate condition (ft act. — In'fe- 
Uo'i-tons (-I-tSs), a. Not felicitous ; not well 
said or done. 

In-fex' (Tn-fSrO, V. u [IimEBBBD (-fSidO ; Ihtxe- 
KiNo. J To derive by deduction or induction ; 
to conclude ; to surmise ; to imply. — In-ftlfll- 
Ue, In-f or'a-Ue (-fSr'- or -fSr'drbl), a. Capable 
of being inferred or deduced from premises. — 
Inler-ence (In'fSr-ens), n. Conclusion ; deduc- 
tion; consequence. — ufer-en'tial (-Sn'dial), 
a. Deduced or deducible by inference. 

In-f Otl-or (In-fe'rl-3r), a. Lower in place, social 
rank, or excellence ; subordinate. — n. One 
younger, or of a lower station, than another. — 
In-fo'rl-Oin-ty (-5r^-t^), n. State of being in- 
ferior ; lower stote or condition. 

In-f or'^ial (Tn-fSr'nol), a. Pertaining to the lower 
regions, regions of the dead, or hell ; hellish ; 
diabolical; satanic; fiendish; malicious. 

In-f erll-ble. a. See under Intkb, v. t. 

In-fertile (In-fSrtTI or -til), a. Not fertile ; bar- 
ren. — Inf er-tll'i-ty (In'fSr-tlll-ty), n. 

In-fesf (Tn-fSsf), V. t. To trouble by nnmben 
or frequency of presence ; to annoy ; to harass. 

Inrfi-del (Tn'fT-dd), a. Not holdhoig the faith; 
unbelieving ; disbelieving the inspintion of the 
Scriptures or divine institution of Christianity. 
— n. An unbeliever ; a freethinker ; deift ; athe- 
ist ; skeptic. — In^fl-dell-ty (In/fTHl81^.t3^), n. 
Want of faith ; unbelief ; unfaithfulness to the 
marriage contract ; treachery ; deceit. 

In'fi-nite (Tn'fT-nTt), a. Unlimited; boundless; 
interminable. — n. Infinite si>ace, extent, or 
magnitude ; an incalculable or very great num- 
ber. — Infl-nite-lyi adv. Without bounds or 
limits. — Inrft-nite-ness, In-Hnl-ty (-fTna-tf ), 
n. — In'fln-i-tea'i-mal (Tn'fln-T-tes^-mal ), a. 
Infinitely small. — n. A misntity less than any 
assignable quantity. — In-Zin'i-tive (-fTn^-tTv), 
a. Unlimited ; not bounded or restricted. — 
iQ-fln'i-tnde (-tud), n. The quality of being in- 
finite ; infinite extent ; immensity ; multitude. 

In-fixm' (Tn-fSrm'), a. Not firm or sound ; weak ; 
irresolute ; feeble ; imbecile. — In-fixin'ly, adv. 

— In-fixm'&ees, n. ~-&i-flxin'a-ry (-a-^), n. 

A hospital ; place for the infirm or sick. — &|- 
fizm'i-ty (-T-tj^), n. Debility ; imperfection. 

In-fiz' (Tn-fTks'), V. t. [iNnxKD (-fTkst') ; Ixnz- 
IMO.] To fix deep ; to implant. 

Inflame' (Tn-flSm'), v. L [IvwuMmD (-flSmdO ; 
Intlamhto.] To set on fire; to kindle; to 
provoke ; to irritate ; to exasperate ; to anger. 
—V. i. To grow hot, angry, and pMnful. — 

ft. «• i, o, a, long i ft, 6, i, 6, Of ^» abort ; ■eaAse, dvent, Idea, 6b«y, finite, c4ie, ilnn, ask, |^ final. 




In-flaiii'cr, n, — in-fUm'&ia-ble (-flSmfmA-bU), 

a. Gi^Mble of being set on fire ; easQy enkindlea. 
— Xn-fLsni'ma-lito-iioUt In-flAM'ma-liil^-ty 
(-bTlT-t^), n.— iB'fUm-niatiOIl (Tn'fl<m-mi^ 
ahttn), n. A setting on fire ; redness and swell- 
ing of any part of an animal body, with beat and 
fever; excitement; passion. — In-fUin^a-tO-ry 
(.flXm'm&-t6-rj^), a. Tending to excite inflam- 
mation, heat, paission, tumult, etc. ; seditious. 

In-flato' (Tn-flSf), V. t. To swell with wind ; to 
pnif up ; to elate. — iB-flAte', &l-fUlt'ed (-flSf - 
Sd), a. Filled with air ; turgid ; bombastio. — 
Xn-flatloil (-fla'shSn), n. An inflating. 

In-flect' (Tn-flSktOi V. t. To bend ; to turn from a 
direct line ; to vary (a noun or verb) in its termi- 
nations ; to decline ; to conjugate ; to modulate 
(the voice).— iB-fleo'tlail (-flek'shfin), ». An 
inflecting ; bend ; fold; variation of nouns, etc., 
by declension, and verbs by conjugation. 

In-fltxl-ble (Tn-flSks^-b1), «. Not capable of 
being bent ; rigid ; stubborn. — In-flSZl-Ue- 
noM, In-nez'i-bUl-ty (-bTlT-tj^), n. 

In-fl0Xlim, n. Same as Ikvlsction, under IH- 

FUECT, V, t. 

In-fllOt' (Tn-fltktO) V, i. To lay (a fine, blows, pun- 
ishment, etc.) ; to apply ; to impose. — Ui-flilK- 
tton (-flTk'shiin). n. An inflicting ; punishment. 

In'flO-rei'oaioe (in^flft-rSs'sens), n. A flowering ; 
unfolding of blosso<as ; mode of flowering ; an 
axis on which all the buds are flower-buds. 

In^U-eilOO (Tn'flu-«n8), n. A flowing in or upon ; 
bringing about of an effect ; power arising from 
station, character, wealth, etc. — v. L [Imtlu- 
SHCOED (-Snst); iHTLUBNCiNa.] To control or 
more by moral power ; to lead ; to direct. — In'- 
fln-an'tial (-Sn'shal), a. Exerting influence; 
potent ; efficacious. — bi^fln-tntla^ly, adv, 

In'flU-fllL'te (Tn'flii-{n'z&), n. Violent catarrh. 

&1II1IZ (Tn'fl&ks^, n. A flowing in. 

In-fold' (Tn-f91d0, v. i. To wrap up ; to inclose. 

bl-foxm' (Tn-fdrmOf v* U To animate ; to tell ; to 
teach ; to instruct. — v. i. To give intelligence 
or Information ; tobetrav. — In-ZoniL'ailt (-ant), 
n. One who gives intelligence. — Ui-f urnL'tr, n. 
One who imparts news ; one who discloses a vio- 
lation of law by another ; betrayer. — Ui^'for-llia'- 
tlini (Tn'fSr-ma'shttn), n. A communicating 
knowledge; news; intelligence; knowledge. 

In-fonil'al, a. Not in the usual or established 
form ; without ceremony. — In^for-mal'i-ty (Tn^- 
fSr-mXlT-tj^), n. Lack of form ; informal act. 

&l-fnuKtlai ( Tn-f rSk'shthi ), n. Breach; viola- 
tion. — In-fraotor (-tSr), n. 

In-fro'^nent (Tn-frS^kwent), a. Seldom happen- 
ing ; uncommon. — In-fre^^neiice (-f re^wens), 
Xn-frs^aneiL-oyX-kwen-sj^), n. 

In-frillSCr (Tn-frTnj'), v. t. & i, [Intrinobd (Tn- 
frTnjd') ; Infringing.] To break (contracts) ; 
to violate ; to transgress. — In-frin'gir, n. — In- 
frlnnfnittllt (-m«nt), n. Breach ; violation. 

&l-f^l-ata (Tn-fu'rT-It), a. Enraged ; mad ; ra- 
ging. ^ V, i. To render furious ; to enrage. 

iB-fuio' (Tn-fuzO* V. i. [Infubbd (-fuzd') ; Infus- 
nro.] To pour in (liqmd) ; to instill (principles 

or qualities) ; to inspirit ; to animate ; to steep la 
a liquid without boiling. — In-fn'slon (-f u'zhdn). 

[aHMrri-a;, n. pi. juicrosc 

n. An infusing ; suggestion ; steeping of an in- 
soluble substance in water, to extract its vir- 
tues ; liquid obtained by this process. 

In-fn'si-Ue (Tn-fu'zT-b'l), a. Not fusible ; diffi- 
cult to fuse, melt, or dissolve. 

Illn'fn-io^-a (Tn'f fi-s9'rT-&), n. p/. Microscopic 
animals found in 
water and othe: 
fluids, and multi- 
plying by gemma- - ^ 
tion. /] (0 

In-gfln'tOUl (Tn-jen'- 
yus), a. Possessed 
of genius or fao- Infusoria, 

ulty of invention ; 
skillful to invent ; well formed ; well adapted. 

— In'»e-ini1-ty (rn'jft-nui-ty), n. 

Xn-^^'n-Ollft (Tn-jSn'fi-tLs), a. Free from reserve, 
disguise, or dissimulation ; frank ; artless ; sin* 
cere ; fair ; generous. — Ill-|^ail'11-01IB-l7, adv. 

Xn-KlcKri-ons (In-glS'rT-iis), a. Not glorious; 
shameful ; disgraceful. — In-|^lo'ri-01LI-l7, adv, 

In'gOt (Tn'gSt), n. A mass or wedge of gold or 
unwrought metal. 

IJBL'^pnSX' (Tn-grftftO, v. t. To insert (a scion in a 
stock) ; to introduce ; to set deeply and firmly. 

In'crailL' (Tn'gran^), a. Dyed in the grain; 
thoroughly inwrought.— v. ^. To dye m the 
grain, or before manufacture ; to work (color) 
into the natural texture. 

In'grate' (Tn^gxat^), n. An ungprateful person. 

In-gra'tt-ate (Yn-grS'shT-at), v. 1. To introduce 
to favor. 

iB-srari-tude (Tn-grSt^-tud), n. Want of grati- 
tude; unthai^ulness. 

In-gro^di-ent (Yn-grS^dT-^nt), n. A component 
part of a comix>nnd or mixture ; element. 

Xn'gTMB (Tn'grSs), n. Entrance ; power, liberty, 
or means, of access. 

In^gnl-nal (Tn'gwl-nal), a. Pertaining to the 

In-liaVit (Tn.hSyTt), V. t. To live or dwell in. « 
V. t. To dwell ; to abide. — In-liaVit-ant (-ant), 
In-liaVit-er, n. — In-liaVit-a-ble (-4-bM), a. 
Capable of being inhabited ; habitable. 

In-hale' (Tn-hSl'), v. t. [Inhaled (-hald'); In- 
HALiNO.] To draw into the lungs ; to inspire. — 
In-lial'er, n. One who inhales ; apparatus for 
inhaling, ifor medicinal purposes ; contrivance to 
protect the lungs from injury by inhaling damp 
air. — In'ha-latiOlI (Tn'h&-la'sh&n), n. An in- 

In'har-mon'ic (Tn'har-mSnTk), In'har-monlo-al 
(-T-kal), In^liar-mi/ni-OIUI (Tn^har-mo^nT-ds), a. 
Not harmonious ; discordant. 

In-hore' (Tn-her'), V. t. [Inhered (-herd') ; Ih- 
HEBiNO.] To be fixed or permanently incorpo> 
rated. — In-ho/eiLOe (Tn-her'ens), In-h(nr'eiL-€T 
(-<fn-sj^), n. Existence in something else. — In- 
hor'ont {-ent\ a. Innate ; native ; inwrought. 

In-her'it (Tn-hgrTt), v. t. To take by inheritance, 
or by descent from an ancestor: to receive bj 

fBm, recent, 6rb, r^de, f^ll, lim, f<>od« f<Jbt, ont, oil, ci&air, go, sins, iQk, tben, tbilk 




birth ; to have by naturet ^ v, i. To have as an 
inheritance or property. — In-hez'it-AXloe (Tn- 
hfirTt-ans), n. Hereditary estate ; ownership. 
Ia-h08'pi-ta-l)le(Yn-h5e'pT-t&-b'l), a. Not hospi- 
table ; not disposed to welcome guests ; desert ; 

Mid. — In-lios'pl-ta-bl»-]iM8, In-lioi'pl-tal'i-ty 
v-tail-tj^), n. 

Xn-hnlnan (Tn-hu'man), a. Cruel ; pitiless ; sav- 
age. — In^hn-man'i-ty (Tn^hti-mXn^-tj^), n. 

Ift.fin'i-cal (Tu-TmOf-kal), a. Having the dispo- 
sition of an enemy ; unfriendly ; repugnant. 

la-lma-ta-hle (Tn-TmT-t&-b'n, a. Not capable of 
being imitated ; surpassingly excellent ; unique. 

Zn-lq'^-ty (Tn-Tk'wT-t^), n. Absence of just 
dealing ; wickedness ; sm ; crime. — In-l^'ni- 
tOUB (-tfis), a. Wicked ; nefarious ; criminaL 

In-i'tJAl ( Tn-Tsh'al ), a. First ; beginning. — n. 
The first letter of a word. — In-l'ttal-ly, adv, 

In-lti-ate (Tn-Tsh^-at), V. t. To begin ; to instruct 
in the rudiments ; to introduce into a society or 
secret ceremonies. — a. Begun ; commenced ; in- 
complete ; introduced to a knowledge of. — In- 
l^tl-EtiOII (-S'shfin), n. An initiating ; ceremony 
by which one is introduced into a society ; intro- 
duction mto the principles of a thing unknown. 
— Zn-lti-a-tlTe(-&-tTv), a. Serving to initiate. 
•- n. Introductory step or movement ; right or 
power to introduce a new measure or law. — 
In-lti-a-tO-ry (-4-t«-i^), a. Suitoble for an in- 
troduction or a beginning ; introductory. 

Ia-]eot' (Tn-jSkf), V. i. To throw in ; to force hito. 
— In-]eot'or, n. — In-|eo'tton (-jSk'shfin), n. A 
throwing in ; matter injected. 

In-1oin' (Tn-joinO, v. t. Bee Enjoik. 

Znin-dl'oloilfl (lu'ju-dTsh'&s), a. Not judicious ; 
void of discretion; imwise; rash; imprudent. 

In-Jnnotion (Tn-jliiik'shtin), n. An enjoining ; 
an order ; a precept ; a writ or process whereby 
a court directs a pojrty to do or refrain from 
doing certain acts. 

lalvre (Tn'jAr), v. t. [iNJUBSD(-jurd) ; iNJUBDre.] 
To harm ; to hurt ; to damage. — In^U-ror, n. 
— In-Jn'rl-OUSC-ju'rT-lia), a. Not just; hurt- 
ful; pernicious; banefuh — In'jn-ry (Tn'jft-ry), 
n. That which brings harm or occasions loss ; 
mischief; detriment; damage. 

Xn-Jna'tlce (Tn-j&s'tTs), n. "SffaxLt of justice and 
equity ; violation of rights ; wrong. 

Ink (Tnk), n. Colored fluid, used in writing, 

SrlntTng, etc. — r. ^ [Inkkd (Ynkt) ; Immo.] 
o black with ink. — Ink'y (Ink'y), o. Con- 
sisting of, or like, ink ; black ; soQed with ink. 
— Ink'stand' (-sdbidO, n. Vessel to hold ink. 

Xnk'Ung (TnklTng), n. Intimation ; desire ; hint. 

In'land (TiPland), a. Within the land ; remote 
from the sea ; interior ; domestic ; not foreign. 
— n. Interior part of a country. 

In-lay' (Tn-lSO, v. t [Inlaid (-ISd') ; Inlatino.] 
To insert (pieces of ivory, wood, metal, etc.) 
in a groundwork of other material. — n. Mate- 
rial inlaid or fit for inlaying. 

Inlet (Tn16t), n. Passage by which an inclosed 
place may be entered ; bay in the shore of the 
sea, river, etc. 

Inly (Tnlj^), a. Internal; interior. — ocf v. Iiftr 
temally ; in the heart ; secretly. 

In'mate' (Tn'mSt^), n. One who lives in the same 
house ; a resident in a hospital, convent, etc 

In'niOSt^ (Tn'mSstO, a. Furthest in ; innermost 

Inn (Tn), n. House for entertainment of travel- 
ers ; tavern ; hotel. 

In'nate (Tn'ntt or Tn-nSf), a. Inborn ; native. 

In'ner (Tn'ner), a. Further hi ; hiterior ; inter- 
nal. — In'ner-mosV (-mSst^), a. Purthest in- 
ward ; inmost. 

Inrnlng (Tn'nTng), n. Time or turn of 
as, the turn of a player at the bat in baael 
or of a political party, etc., in power. 

Inrno-cent (Tn'ni-seut), a. Not harmful; free 
from guilt ; inoffensive ; pure ; blameless ; fault- 
less. — n. One free from guilt or hann; an 
idiot ; a simpleton. — In'no-oent-ly, adv. — laf- 
no-oenoe (-sens), n. State of being Innocent ; 
innocuousneas ; purity of heart ; imbecility. 

In-noc'n-onB (Tn-nok'6-&8), a. HarmleBw ; safe. 

In'no-TEte (Tn'ni-vSt), t;. t. & <. To introduce as 
a novelty. — In'no-TE'ter (-tSr ), n. — In'no-Tt'- 
tlon (-va'sliQn), n. An innovating ; change. 

In'nn-en'do (Tn^nti[-Sn'd6), n. ; pi. ImruBaDon 
(•dSz). An oblique hint ; allusion. 

In-nn'Sner-A-hle (fn-nu'mSr-&-b'l), a. Not capa- 
ble of being counted or numb^ed ; countlesB; 
unnumbered ; very numerous. 

In'nn-trl'tion (Tn'n6-trTsh'tln), n. Want of nu- 
trition. — In^nn-trltionB (-trTsh'Qs), bi-nif- 
trl-tlTe (Tn-nu'trT-tTv), a. Not nourishing. 

In-Oi/n-late (Tn-Sk'G-lat), v. t. To bud ; to insert 
(the bud of a plant) in another plant, for prop- 
agation ; to communicate (a disease) by insert- 
ing infectious matter in one's flesh. — v. i. To 
gxuft ; to oommunicate disease. — &l-00'U-la'tor 
(-IS'ter), n. — In-OC'n-U'tlon (-15'shttn), n. An 

In'of-fen'sive (Tn'Sf-fSn'sTv), a. Oivixtg no of- 
fense; harmless. 

In-op'er-A-tlTe (Tn-5p'Sr-4-tTv), a. Not opera- 
tive ; producing no effect. 

In-op^por-tnne' (in-fip'pSr-tun'), a. Not oppor- 
tune; unseasonable. — In-OP'por-tnno'ly, odr. 

In-or'dl-nate (Tn-dr'dT-ntt), a. Not limited tc 
usual bounds ; excessive ; immoderate. 

In'or-gan'lO (Tn'Sr-gSnTk), a. Not or^^anic ; de- 
void of organised structure ; unorganised. 

In'qnest (TnnswSst), n. Judicial inquiry ; official 
examination : a coroner's jury. 

In-qnl'e-tnde (Tn-kwi'6-tud), n. Disturbed state. 

In-qnlre' (In-kwir'), v. i. & t. [Ikquibsd (-kwird') ; 
Inquirino.] To ask ; to seek by asking ; to make 
investigation.— In-qniT'er (-er), n. — In-^nlZ^ 
(-kwir'j^), n. Search for truth or knowledge ; 
question ; investigation ; research. 

In^qnl-Si'tlon (Tn'kwT-zTshlin), n. An inquiry ; 
examination ; inquest ; finding of a Jury ; Bo- 
man Catholic tribunal for examination and pun 
ishment of heretics. — In'qnl-Bltion-al (-ol), a. 
Relating to inquinr or to the Inquisition. 

In-qnls'l-tive (in - kwTs ' T - tTv), a. Apt to aik 
questions; prying; curious. 

ftiCI, o, a, long ; ft, fi, 1, 0, tt, j^, abort ; aenftte, «vent. Idea, 6bey, finite, eftre, ftrm, Ask, «11, fiiud. 




Xn-qviil-tar (Tn-kwYsT-tSr), n. One who in- 

?uire8; one of the Roman Gatholio Court of 
nquiaition. — In-qnift'l-tO^-al (-td'rr-al), a. 
Pertainmg to inquiisition ; impudently or tynui> 
nically inquisitive ; searching. 

Ih^XIMA' (Tn'rodOi n. Sudden invasion ; irruption. 

Itt-sane' (Tn-wnO, a. Unsound in mind ; crazy ; 
demented ; appropriated to insane persons. — ln- 
sanoay, adv. — In-san'l-ty (-sSn'I-ty), n. Un- 
soundness of mind ; derangement ; lunacy. 

iB-sani-a-blA (Tn-sS^shft-bU or -shT-ft-bU), a. In- 
caratble of being satisfied or appeased ; insatiate. 
— In-fMl^-ato C-St), a. Not to be satisfied. — 
Il'sa-tl'e-ty (Tn's&-ti'£-tj^), n. Insatiableness. 

&l-SOXlbe' (Tn-skrH/), v. t. [Inscribbo (-skribd') ; 
Ihbcbibiho.] . To write or engrave ; to imprint ; 
to dedicate ; to draw (one figure) within another. 

— In-SOrlp'tlon (-skrYp'shln), ». An hiscrib- 
ing ; thing inscribed ; address of a book to a 

In-BOmta-Ue (Tn-skrn'tA-bl), a. Incapable of 
befaag understood by inquiry ; undiscoverable. 

In'aaot (Tn'sSkt), n. An animal havhig six legs 
and breathing through tubes running through 
the body. — In-iec'tl-clde (Tn-sSk'tT-sId), n. 
Somethi^ to kill insects. — In'S60-tlT'0-roil8 
(Tn'^sSk-tlv'ft-rfis), a. Feeding on insects. 

fn'se-onie' (Tn's^kur'), a. Not secure; not safe; 
exposed to danger or loss. — In'^se-cniO'ly, adv. 
— In'sa-onlrl-^ (-ku'rl-ty), n. 

IS-Sa&'sate (Tn-sln'stt), a. Stupid ; foolish. 

iB-Mn'Bi-Me (Tn-sfin'sT-bn), a. Destitute of feel- 
ing ; dull ; numb ; hard ; callous. 

In-Mp'a-ra-Ue (Tn-s5p'&-r^b'l), a. Not separa> 
ble ; incapable of being disjoined. 

In-Mirt' (Tn-e3rtO> v. i. To set or put Into ; to 
introduce. — In-serflng, n. A setting in ; trim- 
ming, lace, etc. , set into garments. — ui-SOr'tloa 
(-eSr'Bhfin), n. An inserting, or thing inserted ; 
mode or place of inserting. 

Jnfnt/t (Tn'sSt), n. A thing set hi ; insertion. 

lafStt^ (Tn'sid^), prep, or adv. Withhi the sides 
of ; contained withuu * a. Contained ; Inte- 
rior ; internal. — n. The part "within ; pi. the 
inward parts ; entrails ; bowels. 

In-Bld'l-OIIB (Tn-sTd^-fis), a. Lying in wait, as if 
to entrap ; wily ; sly; treacherous ; deceptive. 

iBfElghV (Tn'sif ), n. Sight of the Interior ; in- 
trospection ; acute observation. 

In-gJ^^-a (Tn-sTg'nt-&), n. pi. Badges of office 
or honor; signs by which anything is distin- 

iB'aig-nlM-oant (Tn'stg-ntfT-kant), a. Not sig- 
nificant; destitute of meaning or effect; in- 
considerable; trivial; mean; contemptible. 

JM/abk^n^^ (tn/8ln-s5r0, a. Not shicere ; deceit- 
ful; hypocritical; false; disingenuous: hollow. 

— fei'Mii-OMr^-ty (-e5r^-ty), n. 
In-irta^-ato (tn^Btn'tt-at), v. t. To faitroduce 

gently or artfully ; to histill ; to Wnt ; to sug- 
gest by remote allusion ; to work one*s self into 
favor.— v.i. To creep, wind, or flow, in; to 
ingratiate one*s self. — In-aln^-a'tor (-a'tSr), 
n In-lilL'll-a'tiai (-5'shfin), n. A creeirfng 

or winding hi; a gaining favor by gentle or ait- 
ful means; a hint. 
In-Bip'ld (Tn-sTp^d), a. Destitute of taste, life, or 
animation ; dull ; spiritless ; flat.— In'dl-pld'1-tf 

(ln'sl-pidl-ty), in-alp'ld-neM (-sip/id-nSs), n. 

In-8l8t' (Tn-sTsf), V. i. To dwell upon as a matter 
of moment ; to be persistent, urgent, or pres^ 
ing. — In-Blsfent (-«nt), a. Standhig or resting 
on ; persistent ; persevering. 

Zn-Bitlioil (Tn-slsh'fin or -sTzh'Qn), n. Insertion 
of a scion in a stock. 

In-anare' (tn-snfir'), v. t. [IirsNiJUBo (-snftrdO ; 
Insnabino.] To catch in a snare ; to entrap. 

In'SO-lato (Tn'si-lat), V. t. To expose to the 8un*s 
rays. — In^so-la'tlon (-IS'shfin), n. Exposuie 
to, or stroke of, the sun. 

In'ao-lant (tn'sd-lent), a. Proud, with contempt 
of others ; overbearing ; insulting ; oifenaive ; 
pert ; rude. — ln'80-lenoe (-lens), n. 

In-SOPn-Ue (Tn-s51'6-b'l), a. Not soluble ; inca- 
pable of being dissolved by a liquid ; not to be 
explamed. — In-BOl'U-hil'i-ty (-Mll-tj^), n. 

In-BOlT'a-Ue (Tn-s<Slv'&-b'l), a. Not solvable ; not 
capable of solution, or of being paid ; Inextri- 

In-Ml'vent (Tn-sSl'vent), a. Not solvent ; unable 
to pay one's deUs. — n. One unable to pay bia 
debts. — In-80l'Y«n-07 (In-s61'v«n-sy), n. 

In'SO-muoh' (In^s^-miichO, adv. So ; in such wise. 

In-spaot' (In-sp8kt'), v. t. To view narrowly ; .to 
examine critically. — In-qiooror (-s^'tSr), n. 
—In-speoror-ate (-tSr-4t), In-«peof or-ahip, n. 
Office, residence, or district of an inspector. — 
In-spec'tlon (-spfik'shiin), n. An inspecting; 
survey ; official examination ; superintendence. 

In-splre' (Tn-spIrO, v. i. [IwsPiBED (-spird') ; Iw- 
8PIB1HO.] To draw in breath ; to breathe ; to 
blow gently, —v. t. To breathe hito ; to hifuse ; 
to affect, as with superior or supernatural influ- 
®?f«-— In-spir'er, n.— In'spi-ratlon (Tn'spT- 
ra'shun), n. A breathing in, infusing, etc. ; su- 
pernatural divine influence on the mind enabling 
it to communicate moral truth. 

In-spiirit (Tn-spYr'Tt), v. t. To infuse spirit In; 
to enliven ; to cheer ; to encourage. 

In-spia'sato (Tn-spYs'sat), V. t. To thicken (fluids) 
byevaporatlon. — a. Thick; hispis^ted. 

In-BtaOlle (Yn-sta'b'l), a. Not stable; nmtable; m- 
constant. — In'sta-blia-ty (Yn'stA-bYinf-ty), n. 

In-Stall' (Yn-StsJ'), V. t. [IMBTALLED (-staM') ; IH- 

STALLiNG.] To Set in a seat ; to instate'in office, 
rank, etc. — In^Stal-Iatlon (Yn'stSl-la'shttn), n. 
An installing ; institution. — In-8tall'm«nt (Yn- 
stftl'ment), n. An installing ; part of a sum of 
money paid at a particular period. 
In'Stanoe (Yn'stans), n. The being instant or 
pressing; oocasion ; occurrence; solicitation; 
example; case. — v. t. [Inbtanokd (-stanst); 
Ikstancino.] To mention as an example or 
<5M«. — In'stant (-stont), a. Pressing ; urgent ; 
<mick ; current. — n. A moment. — l^^Btant-ly, 
Hln-atailter (-stSn'tSr), adv. Immediately ; at 
once. — In^Btan-ta'lie-oiui (Yn'stSn-til^nt-iis), a. 
Done in an instant. 

CSni, recrat, 6rb, r|>de, f^ll, <|m, food, fdbt, oat, oil, cliair, go^ ains, J||k, then, ibin. 




jR-tltaW (Tn-sfcStO. V. /. To set ; to establlah. 

In-stoad' (Tn-8tSd'), €uiv. In the stead or room. 

In'Step (Tu'BtSp), n. The upper side of the foot. 

Xn'Stl-gate (In'stT-g^t), v. t. To urge forward ; to 
set on ; to urge ; to impel ; to animate. — In'stl- 
^a'tor, n. — In'stl-gatloa (-gS'shtin), n. An 
instigating; incitement. 

Xn-Btllr (In-stTlM, In-8tll', v. t. [Instillsd; 
Instillutg.] To pour in by drops; to infuse 
slowly, or by degrees ; to insinuate ; to incul- 
cate. — In-still'er, In^stll-Utor (-la'tSr), n. — 
In'stll-la'tlon (Tn^stti.ia'sh&n), in-stUl'&iont 
(-stll'ment), In-8til'mont,n. An instilling; that 
which is instilled. 

Xn-Stlnot' (Tn-BtTnkf), a. Urged from within; 
moved ; imbued'; quick. — bi'Btlnct (Tn'stTnkt), 
n. Unconscious or imreasoning prompting to 
action ; natural impulse by which an animal is 
guided to performance of any action. — In- 
StilK/tlTe (Tn-stTnk'tIv), a. Prompted by 
instinct ; acting without reasoning. 

In'Stl-tnte (Tn'stf-tut), v. t. To set up ; to estab- 
lish ; to ordain ; to found ; to begin ; to set in 
operation. ■-• n. Thing instituted ; established 
law ; settled order ; precept ; principle ; insti- 
tution. — In'Btl-Wtor (-t5't8r), n. — In'stl-tn'- 
tion (Tn'stl-tu'shtbi), n. An instituting ; estab- 
lishment ; foundation ; education ; enactment ; 
ordinance ; organized society ; system of rules. 

Xn-strnot' (Tn-strtikf ), V, t. To teach ; to educate ; 
to inform ; to direct ; to order ; to command. — 

In-strnot'er, In-stmot'or, n. ~ In-stmof nas, 
n. fem, — In-Strnotlon (Tn-striik'shQn), n. A 
teaching ; education ; information ; advice. — 
In-Strnct^Te (-tTv), a. Conveying knowledge. 
&L'Stni-]ll«nt (Tn'str^-ment), n. That by which 
work is performed ; tool ; implement for pro- 
ducing musical sounds ; implement ; legal writ- 
faig; agent. — In^strn-mental (-mSn'tal), a. 
Acting as an instrument ; conducive to an end ; 
made by, or prepared for, musical instruments. 

— In'strn-mtn-tal'l-ty (-mSn-tSl^-tj^), n. Qual- 
ity of being instrumental ; agency. 

Xn'BUb-Ol/dl-nate (Tn^slib-dr'df-ntt), a. Not sub* 
missive ; mutinous. — In ' fSth - or ^ dl - na ' tlon 
(-na'shQn), n. Disobedience to authority. 

In-anf^fer-a-Ue (Tn.sttf'fSr-&-b'l), a. Not to be 
borne; imendurable; intolerable. 

bt'SUf-U'oient (Tn^sfif-fTsh'ent), a. Not sufficient ; 
unfit ; incapable. — In'auf-ll'clenoe (-fTsh'ens), 

In'anl-fi'cien-oy {-en-sS), n. 

In'an-lar (Tn'sd-ler), a. Belonging to an isle; 
surrounded by water. — In'^an-lur'i-ty (-ISrT- 
tf) , n. The state of being insular. — In'SIIrlate 
(-lat), V. i. To place in a detached situation ; to 
isolate ; to separate (from other bodies) by non- 
conductors of heat or electricity. — In'SU-la'tor 
(-la't8r), n. — In'sn-la'ted (-lasted), p. a. 
Standing by itself ; separated by nonconduct- 
ors of electricity, etc. — &i'8n-la'tion(-Ii^shlhi), 
n. An insulating ; a detachment. 

bt^anlt (Tn'sQlt), n. Affront ; indignity ; ontn^. 

— In-anit' (Yn-sfilf), v. t. To treat with abuse, 
insolence, or contempt. 

In-iu'^-a-bla (Tn-su'pSr-A-bU), a. Not mpon- 
ble ; impassable ; incapable of being overoome 
or surmoimted ; invincible. 

In'anp-porra-ble (Tn/B&p-p5rf&.b*I), a. Incapa- 
ble of being supported or borne ; mtolerable. 

In-anre^ (Tn-shnr'), t;. t. & i. [Inbubko (-ahnrd') ; 
Insueing.] To make sure ; to secure against 
possible loss. — In-au'ance (-ans), n. An m- 
suring against loss by payment of a certain sum. 

In-anx'gant (Tn-sQr'jeut), a. Rising in opposition 
to lawful authority ; insubordinate ; rebeIlioa& 
^n. One who rises in revolt ; a rebel. 

In'anr-moont'a-llle (Tn^sfir-mounf &-b'l), a. Inca- 
pable of being surmounted ; insuperable. 

In^snr-reo'tlon (In / sQr - rSk ' shfin), n. A rising 
against authority; sediti<m; revolt; rebellion. 
— In'anr-rectlon-al, In^anr-reiKtlon-a-rT (4r 
rf)f a. Pertaining to insurrection ; seditious. 

In-taot' (Tn-tSkf), a. Untouched ; unharmed. 

In-tan'gl-Ue (Tn-tSn'jT-bl), a. Not tangible ; not 
perceptible to the touch. 

Inte-ger (Tn'tft-jSr), n. A whole number. — la'- 
tO-gxal (-gral), a. Complete; whole; entire; 
not fractional. — n. A whole number; an em- 
tire thing. — Inte-giato (-grilt), v. t. To make 
entire ; to give the sum or totaL — bl-tf^g^-ty 
(Tn-t8g'ri-tj^), n. State of being complete; 
wholeness ; moral soundness ; honesty ; uprig^ 
ness ; virtue ; rectitude. 

In-teg^-mont (Tn-t8g^-m0nt), n. Natural cov- 

Intel-leot (Tn'tSl-lSkt), n. Power to iudge and 
comprehend ; understanding. — In'tol-lM^-al 
(-tti-ol), a. Belonging to, or performed by, the 
understanding; mentaL 

In-tdlll-gant (Tn-tSllT-jent), a. Endowed with 
understanding or reason ; well informed ; skill- 
ful. —In-teiai-genMy, adv.— ln-td.1i-g8Bee 
(-jens), n. Act of knowing ; the intellect ; in- 
formation communicated ; advice; news. 

In-telOl-gl-Ue (Tn-teiaT-jT-b'l), a. Capable of 
being understood ; perspicuous ; plain ; clear. 

In-tem^er-ato (Tn-tSm'per-&t), a. Indulging to 
excess any appetite or passion ; ungovernable ; 
inordinate ; addicted to excessive use of spirit- 
uous liquors. — In-tem'per-ato-ly, adv. — Xa- 
tem^lpar-ate-neaa, In-tem'^er-anoe (-ons), n. 

In-t«nd' (Tn-tSnd'), v. t. To fix the mind upon ; 
to design ; to mean. — la-tand'er, n. — In-tnid'- 
ant (-ant), n. Superintendent ; overseer. 

In-tenaa' (In-tSus'), a. strained ; tightly drawn ; 
ardent ; keen ; earnest ; violent. — &l-tiin8el7i 
adv.— In-tenae'neaa, Xn-ten'ai-ty (-tSn'sT-tj^), 
n. — In-ten'si-fy (-fi)* v. t. & %. To render or 
become intense, or more intense. — In-tm'ai'Va 
(-sTv), a. Assiduous ; giving force or emphasis. 

In-tent' (Tn-t8nf), a. Having the mind bent oo 
an object ; fixea closely ; diligent. — • n. A tam- 
ing the mind toward an object; de^n; par- 
pose ; meaning ; end ; aim. — b-tasfani (Tn- 
tSn'shfin), n. A bending of the mind towaid ao 
object ; close application ; object intended ; de- 
sign ; aim ; drift. — In-taition-al, a. Dout by 
intention; intended; designed. 

fti S, I, o, a, long ; ft, 6, 1, ft, a, j^, short ; Mnftto, tven^ tdea, 6bey, lUiite, cAre, iirra, Ad^ §11. ftML 




me. J To deposit in the earth ; to bury ; to iu- 

hume. — In-terTer, n. — in-ter'mAiLt (-ment), 

n. Burial; sepulture. 

In't«r*aot^ (In'tSr-Skt^), 71. A short act, between 
others, in a play. — v. i. To act upon each other. 

Xn'ter-oadA^ (In't&r-sSd'), ». ». To act between ; 
to interpose; to mediate. 

lB't«r-0^ (Tn<tgr-sSpt^), v. t. To stop on its 
passage ; to obstruct the progress of-. 

In^tMr-OMKliOll (tn<tSr-s6sh'tiu), n. An interced- 
ing ; mediation ; interposition between parties 
at variance ; solicitation to one party in favor 
of another. — In'tmr-OM'SOZ (-sSr), n. 

Ill<t«r-0]iange' (Tn'ter-chSnJ'), v, t. To put each 
in the plice of the other ; to exchange ; to alter- 
nate. — V. i. To succeed alternately. — Int«r- 
Oliange' (In'tSr-chSnjOt n. Mutual exchange ; 
barter ; commerce. — ui'ter-olUUIgO'a-Ue (-&- 
b'l), a. Admittmg of exchange ; following each 
other in alternate succession. 

iDftSX-GWiritl (tn<t8r-k8s'tal), a. Placed between 
the ribs. 

la'tmr-COnne (Tn'tSr-kors), n. Mutual deahngs ; 
commerce ; familiarity ; acquaintance. 

Ia't«r-dd-pond'eiloe (In'ter-dC-pSnd'ens), n. Mu- 
tual dependence. 

Jnf tU-61aiV (Yn'tSr-dtkt') v. i. To forbid ; to pro- 
hibit. —Intw-dlot' (la'ter-dllrt/), n. Prohi- 
bition. — In^tm:-dlotl(m (-dTk'shiiu), n. An 

In^er-Mt (Tn'tSr-8st), V. t. To excite emotion or 
attention in ; to ccmeem ; to affect. ^ n. Special 
attention to some object; sympathy; share; 
part ; advantage ; premium paid for the use of 
money; profit derived from money lent, or 
property used by another. — In'ter-estred, a. 
Having an interest; liable to be affected. — 
In'ter-est-lng, a. Engaging attention or curi- 

- osity ; exciting interest ; pleasing. 

Xn'tMr-lero' (tn^tSr-fer'), V. i. [Intkrhebbd 
( -fSrd' ) ; Ihtbrfsbiho.] To come in collision ; 
to clash ; to interpose ; to meddle. — In^ter- 
fei/OllGd ( - ens ), n. Interposition ; collision ; 

later-tall (Tn'tSr-Tm), n. TI;e mean time. 

In-ta^ll-or (Tn-tS'rT-gr), a. Being within ; inter- 
nal ; inner ; inland. — n. Internal part of a 
thii^ ; inside ; inland part of a country. * 

Ift'ter-JOOt' (TnaSr-jSkf ), V. t. To throw in be- 
tween ; to insert. — In^ter-]eo^OIl (-jSk'shtln), 
n. A throwing between; a word thrown in 
between words connected in construction, to 
express emotion or psusion 

In'ter-laco' (Yn^tSr-laaO, V. t. To unite, as by 
lacing together ; to interpose ; to intermix. 

In'ter-lAld' (In'tSr-lSrd'y, v. t. To mix in ; to di- 
versify by mixture ; to interpose. 

In'ter-lay' (In't8r-la'), v. t. [Intbblaid (-lad') ; 
IXTBBXJLTIMO.] To lay or place among or be- 

In'tMr-Uno' (Tn'tSr-lmOt v. t. To write between 
the lines of . — IiKtar-Uxi'e-al (-lTn'«-al), In'ter- 
llB'6-ar ( -3r), a. Written or inserted between 

other lines. — In'tmr-Un'e-a'tloii ^-ITn'C-S'shttn). 
>». An interlining ; a passage or line inserted 
between lines bexore written. 

In'tm:-l<H)Ulion (lu^tSr-lS-ku'shOn), n. Dia- 
logue ; conference. — In^ter-lOO'll-tor ( - 15k ' 6- 
tSr), n. One who speaks in dialogue. 

In^tor-lroo' (lu^tSr-lopOi t'* «'• [iNXBRXiOPBo 
(-lopf) ; Imthblokho.J To traffic without a li- 
cense ; to mtrude. — m'tAT-lop'er, n. 

IntflV-lnde (In'tSr-lud), n. An entertainment 
between the acts of a play ; piece of instru- 
mental music played between the parts of a 
song or hymn. 

Inttt-mar'ry (tn'tSr-mSr'rj^), V. i. To become 
connected by marriage between members (of a 
family, etc.). 

In^ter-med'du (TnaSr-mSdMU), v. i. To meddle 
in affairs of others ; to inte;rpose ; to interfere. 

Inter-me'dl-al (Tnaer-me'dT-ai), Intor-me'dl-A- 
ry (-a-ry), In'ter-me'di-ate (-tt), a. Lying or 

being between extremes ; intervening ; interja- 
cent. — In'ter-me'dl-ate (-at), v. i. * To inter- 
vene ; to interpose. — IiL^ter-me'dl-ate-ly, adv, 

UL-tor'ment (Tn-ter'mcnt), n. See Imtbb, v. t. 

In-ter'nLi-na-Me (Yn-tSr'ml-nArb'l), a. Without 
termination; endless; infinite; unlimited. 

In'ter-ndn'gle (tn'tSr-mln'g'l), v, U & i. To 
mingle or mix together. 

Inter-nLit' (In'tSr-mlf), v. t. & i. [Iistkrhittkd ; 
Intkrbiittino.] To stop for a time ; to inter- 
rupt; to suspend. —In^ter-llLitteilt (-t«nt), a. 
Ceashig at intervals. — n. A disease which sub- 
sides at certain intervids ; fever and ague. — 
Zn^ter-mit'ttiig-ly, adv. — In'ter-mls'sion 

(-mTsh'iin), n. Cessation for a time ; stop ; rest. 

In'tor-mlx' (TnaSr-mTks'), v. t. & i. [Intkbhood 
(•mTksf) ; Intbrmixino.] To intermingle. 

In-tez'lULl (Tu-tSr'nal), a. Inward ; interior ; do- 
mestic; intrinsic; real. — Ip-tei/nal-ly, a<fv. 

Inter-na'tion-al (Tn^tSr-nSshtUi-al), a. Existing 
between different nations, ^n. An association 
for advancement of workingmen*s interests in 
all nations ; a member of this association. 

In-ter'po-late (Tn-tSr'pd-lat), v. t. To insert (a 
spurious passage) in a book, etc. ; to change (a 
book or text) by insertion of matter forei^irn to 
the purpose of the author. — In-ter'po-la'tor 
(-la'tSr), n. — In-teT'po-la'tlon (-la'ahOn), n. A 
foisting a word or passage into genuine writings 
of an author. 

Zn'ter-pose' (Tn'ter-poz'), V. t. & i. [Intbrfosbd 
(-p5zd') ; Intbeposing.] To thrust in between ; 
to interfere. —In'ter-po-si'tlon (-pft-zTsh'fin), n. 
A being, placing, or coming between; agency 
between parties ; thing interposed. 

bl-ter'pret ( Tn-tSr'prSt ), v. t. [Intkbfbbtbd ; 
iNTBBFItBnNO.] To explain the meaning of ; to 
expound ; to free from obscurity ; to make clear ; 
to unfold. — In-tei/pret-er, n. — In-ter'pre-ta'- 
tlon (-pr^-ta'shfin), n. An interpreting ; expla- 
nation ; translation ; version ; meaning ; sense. 

Znter-reg'nnm (Tn'tSr-rfig'ntlm), n. Time a 
throne is vacant between the death of a king 
and the accession of his successor. 

ISri, noent, Arby r^de, f ^^ Hjn, food, f <^t, out, oil, cbair, go, siiiB, iQk, tbi&Ot tbin. 



iBrtoS'ro-gato (Tu-tSi/ri-gSt), r. t. & i. To ques- 
tion ; to inquire ; to aak. — In-tU'ro-ga^tor, n. — 
Zn-teiyro-gatiQa (-ga^abfiu), n. A queatiouing ; 
inquiry ; mark [?J indicating tliat tlie sentence 
preceding it is a question. — In^tAT-TOg'a-tlTe 
(In't8r-r6g'4-tlv), a. Denoting a question ; ex- 
pressed in the form of a question. — n. A word 
used in asking questions. — In'tn-rog'E-tO-ry 
(-A-t6-ry), ». A question ; inquiry. — a. Con- 
taining or expressing a question. 

In'ter-rnpt' (In/tSr-rfipt'), v. U To break into or 
between ; to interfere witii the motion of ; to 
break the succession or order of. — ta'tsr-nip'- 
tlon (-r&p'shtin), n. A breaking in upon; ob- 
struction ; hindrance ; stop ; intermission. 

Zn'ter-seot' (In'tSr-sSkf ), v. t. & i. To cut into ; 
to cross. — In^ter-8e€^on (-sgk'shOn), n. An 
intersecting; a point or line where two lines or 
planes cut each other. 

In'ter-sperse' (in^ter-spSrsO, «• '• [Iktkhspsbsbd 
(-spSrst^) ; I^TBBSFKBSiNo.] To scatter or set 
here and there. 

In-tor'Stloe (Tn-tSr'stTs), n. Empi^ space be- 
tween tilings closely set, or parts ox a body. 

In'tor-val (In'tSr-val), ». Bpace between thiiigs ; 
time between events. 

In'ter-vene' (TnUer-vSnO, «. *. CIsteevbhto 
(-vend') ; Intebvenino.] To be, occur, fall, or 
come between persons, things, points of time, 
or events ; to undertake an action voluntarily 
for another. — In'ter-Tontloil (-vSn'shiin), n. 
An intervening ; interposition. 

In'ter-Yiew (lu'tSr-vu ), n. A formal meeting; 
conference ; conversation to elicit information ; 
a published statement thus elicited. — v. t. To 
question or converse with, esp. to get informa- 
tion for publication. — Intor-visw'er, n. 

In'ter-weavo' (Tn'tSr-wSvO, v, L [imp. & obs. 
p. p. Interwovx (-wovO; p, p, Intebwovem 
(-w5'v'n) ; p. pr, Imtkbwbavino. J To weave to- 
gether ; to intermix ; to connect closely. 

In-testate (Tn-tSs'tit), a. Dying without having 
made a valid will ; not disposed of by will. — 
n. One who dies without making a vidid wilL 

In-testlne ( Tn - t6s ' tin ), a. Internal ; inward ; 
domestic; not foreign. — n. Canal from the 
stomach to the anus ; pi, bowels. — In-tea'tl- 
nal (-tT-n^1), a. Pertaining to the intestines. 

In-tlirone' (Tn-thron'), V. t. Same as Enthronb. 

In'ti-mate (Tu'tT-mat), a. Innermost; inward; 
near ; close ; familiar. — n. A familiar associate. 

— In'ti-mate-ly, adv. — In'tl-nia-cy (-mi-sy), n. 

The state of being intimate ; close fellowship. 

In'ti-mate (Tn'tT-raSt), v. t. To surest indi- 
rectly or not plainly ; to hint. — In'tl-niatiOIl 
(-ma'shiin), n. An intimating ; a hint. 

In-tim'i-date (Tn-tTmT-dat), V. t. To make timid ; 
to inspire with fear ; to abash ; to deter ; to ter- 
rify. — bl-tlm'1-da'tlon <-da'shtln), n. A mak- 
ing fearful ; state of being abashed. 

In'to (Tn'too), prep. To the inside of ; within. 

In-tol'er-a-bie (Tn-tSl'Sr-&-bn), a. Not tolerable ; 
not to be borne cr endured ; insufferable. — In- 
torer-ant (-ant), a. Not enduring difference 

of opinion; not able or willing to enduie.— 
In-tol'er-aiioe (-ans), In-tol'tr-atini (-S^ahQn)^ 

n. Want of toleration. 

In-tomb' (Tn-toom'), V. i. [Imtombbd (-toomdO; 
iMTOMBUfo.] To deposit in a tomb ; to bury. 

In-tone' ( In-t5n' ), v, i. [Iittovbd (-tSnd') ; la- 
TOHma.] To give forth a deep, protracted 
sound. •- v. /. To utter with prolonged tone; 
to chanL — In'tO-natlon (Tn't^nii^shttn), n. A 
sounding the tones of the musical scale ; quality 
of a voice or musical installment as ragaids 
tone ; modulating the voice musically. 

Xn-tOX'1-cate ( Tn - tSks ^ T - kSt ), v. /. To make 
drunk ; to inebriate ; to excite to delirium. — 
In-tOZ'1-Oa'tlon (-kS'shtin), n. Drunkenness; 
infatuation; delirium. 

Xn-tracfa-ble (Tn-trSkf A-b'l), a. Not tractable, 
easily governed, or directed ; stubborn ; zefiao- 
tory; unruly; headstrong; unteachable. 

In-tran'Bl-tlve (Tn-trSn'sT-tTv), a. Not transi- 
tive or passing over; expressing an action or 
state limited to the agent ; — said of verbs not 
requirinff an object to complete the sense. 

In-tzoncll' (Tn-ti8nch'), v, C [Iktbbhcukd (Tn- 
trSnchtO ; IsTBEKcmno.] To surround with a 
trench; to fortify.— v. i. To invade; to en* 
croach. — In-tienclL'Bieilt (-ment), n. An in- 
trenching ; fortification; defense or protection; 
encroachment on the rights of another. 

In-tzep'ld (Tn-trfipTd), a. Fearless; bold.— Iii- 
tzep'ld-ly, adv. — In'tie-pid'l-ty (Tn/tr«-pTd1. 
t^). n. Courage ; bravery ; fortitude ; valor. 

In'm-oate (Tn'trt-ktt), a. Entangled ; involved ; 
complicated; obscure. — Intxl-ca'-07(-k&-sj^),n. 

In-trlgne' (Tn-trSg'), n. Complicated plot to effect 
some purpose ; artifice ; conspiracy ; amour. * 
V, i. [Inthiouxd ( -trSgd' ) ; InxBieiTZNe.] To 
form a plot or scheme ; to carry on an amour. 

la-txln'sio (Tn-trTn'sTk), a. Inward ; true ; real ; 
essential ; inherent. — In-txln'slo-al-ly, adv. 

In^tro-dnoe' (Tnar^-dus'), v. t. [Iktboouckd 
(-dust'); Ikthodvcihc.] To bring or usher 
in ; to make acquainted ; to bring into notice ; 
to produce ; to begin. — In'trOHdu'oar, n. — 
In'tXO-dnc'tlon (-dttk'shfin), n. An introducing, 
bringing to notice, or making persons known 
to each other ; preliminary matter ; treatise in- 
troductory to other treatises, or to a course of 

• study. — fn'tzo-dnotlTe (-tTv), In'tro-Ancto-xy 

(-tt-rj^), a. Serving to introduce something 
else ; preliminary ; prefatory. 

In-trnde' (Tn-trudO, v.i.&t. To thrust in ; to en- 
ter, unwelcome or uninvited ; to encroach ; to 
infringe. — In-tnd'er, n. - In-tni'alOIL(Tn-tTil'- 
zhfin), n. An intruding ; entrance without fak- 
vitation, right, or welcome. — &l-tni'liY» (-siv), 
a. Tending or apt to intrude. ' 

In-tnuf (Tn-trttstO, V. t. To cooflde to the cars 
of ; to commit ; to consign. 

In'tn-ltlon (Tn'td-Tsh'fin), n. Imme^Uate knowl- 

. edge, as in perception or consciousness ; quick 

insight. — In'tn-ltlon-al (-ni), ln-tn1-tlY» (Tn- 

tu'I-tYv), a. Seeing clearly ; Jmowing, received, 
or obtained, by intuition. — la-tlll-tm-ly, adv. 

ft, 9,1, 5, a, long ;&,«,!, 5, il, % short ; senftte, dvant, Idea, 6bey, Ibnite, ^— , « — , ki\_ gll. fl—l. 




lBrtWlB0^ an-twinO, In-twilt' (-twTsK), v. L & «. 
To twine -or twist hito, or t<^:ether ; to wreathe. 

In-Ut'date (Tn-ttn'dSt), V. t. To overdow ; to del> 
uge; to flood. — In^UL-datiail (In^ttn-di'BhQii), 
n. An inundating ; a flood. 

iLrXan^ (Tn-ur'), v, L [Inubbo (-urd') ; Ikubimg.] 
To accustom ; to habituate. ^ v. t. To take or 
have effect ; to serve to the use or benefit of. 

Il|/1l-tll'l-^ (Tn^d-triT-tj^), n. Uselessness. 

fp-vada^ (in-v5d')f v, t. To enter with hostile in- 
tentions ; to attack ; to encroach on ; to violate. 

In-Yalld (Yn-vUld), a. Of no force or cogency ; 
weak; void; null. ~ In'va-lld (tn'vA-lfd), a. 
In ill health ; feeble ; infirm. — n. One weak, 
aiokiy, or indisposed. — v. t. To register on the 
list of invalids in military or naval service. — 
In-Yal^-dato (Tn-vUT-diit), V. t. To render in- 

■ TAlid ; to destroy the strength or validity of. 
— In-Tal'1-da'tlim (-da'shfin), n. A rendering 
invalid. — In'va-Ud'l-ty (lu'vi-ltd'T-tf ), n. 
Want of cogency, legal force, or efficacy. 

In-YaFu-a-l>li (Tn-vSl'd-A-b*l), a. Dear beyond 
any assignable value ; inestimable ; priceless. 

Xn-va'Xl-arUe (Tn-va'rT-&-bU), a. Not given to 
variation ; unchangeable ; always uniform. 

In-Ta'^UL (tn-va'zh&n), n. An hivading the 
rights of another ; hostile inroad. 

In-TOOtlve (Tn*v6k'ttv), n. Violent utterance of 
censure or reproach ; harsh accusation. «- a. 
Satirical; abusive; railing. 

In-vaiclL' (Tn-va'), V. t. [Ihvbiohko (-vid'); 
ImnuoHiNO.] To exclaim or rail against. 

In-YOi'gle (Tn-ve'g'l). V. t. [Invkioled (-g'ld) ; 
IimiaBiMO (-glmg).] To persuade to some- 
thing evil by deceptive arts or flattery ; to en- 
tice ; to seduce ; to wheedle. 

IQ-Teot' (Tn-v6nf ), v. t. To discover ; to find out ; 
to contrive ; to devise ; to frame. — In-V9IlVor 
(-3r), n. — bi-vedltloil (-vfin'shfin), n. A find- 
ing out ; contrivance ; forgery ; falsehood. — In- 
Tant^Wo (-vSnttv), a. Quick at contrivance. 

Infrail-tO-ry (tn'v6n-tft-rj^), n. List of articles ; 
schedule ; catalogue. — v. t. To make an in- 
ventory of ; to register in an account of goods. 

In-Yona' (Tn-vSrs^), a. Opposite in order or re- 
lation ; reciprocal ; inverted ; contrary. — In- 
Yaraa'ly; adv. — In-veifBiOll (-vSr'shttn), n. An 
inverting ; compl'^te change of order ; reversed 
position. — In-VOTt' (-v3rt'), v. t. To turn over ; 
to give a contrary direction to. — In-vort'ed, a. 
Changed in order ; reversed ; upside down. 

Inverted Arches. 

Xn-Yarla-lnal (Tn-v8r't.#-brr7i), In-var'ta-lirate 
(-brtt), In-TOZ'te-lira'ted (-brt'tSd), a. Desti- 
tute of a backbone ; having no vertebra. — In- 
TBltd-liratO, n. An invertebrate animal. 

In-TMt' (Tn-vSstOf V. I. To clothe ; to dreas ; to 
endow ; to confer ; to give ; to inclose ; to lay 
siege to ; to place (property) so that it will be 
safe and yield a profit, —v. i. To make an in- 
vestment. — In-vaif or ( -Sr )« »• — In-vaaf 1- 
tnra (-T-tttr), n. A giving possession of any 
office; that with which anyone is invested or 
clothed. — £a.-Taat1iant (-ment), n. An invest 
ing ; that with which anyone is invested ; vest- 
ment ; a besieging ; a laying out of money in 
purchase of property. 

la-vea'tl-gata (In-vgs'tt-gat), v, t. To follow up ; • 
to pursue; to search into. — In-Tes'tl-ga^tor l^ 
(-ga'tSr), n. — In-Taa'tl-ga'tlon (-ga'bU&u), n. \ 
Research ; study ; inquiry. 

bt-vet^ar-ata (Yn-v6f8r-tt), a. Firmly estab- 
lished by long oontinuauoe ; obstinate; con- 
firmed ; habitual ; old. 

In-Yldl-ona (Tn-vYdl-Os), a. Enviable; likely 
to incur hatred, or provoke envy ; hateful. 

In-Ylg'or-ata (In-vTg4a'-at), t;. t. To give vigor to ; 
to strei^then ; to animate. — la-vlg'or-atiOII 
(•a^shiln), n. An invigorating. 

In-ytn'ci-bla (Tn-vIn'sT-bU), a. Incapable of be- 
ing overcome ; unconquerable. 

In-Yl'O-la-Ua (Yn-vi't-lA-bn), a. Not violable; 
not capable of being broken or violated ; sacred. 

- In-Yl' 0-la-Wl'i-ty ( - Ml ' r - ty ), n. - la-vl'o- 

lata (-Itt), a. Unhurt ; unpolluted ; unbroken. 
In-vis'i-bla (Tn-vYz1-bU), a. Incapable of being 

seen. — In-Tla'i-llU'l-ty (-btll-ty), n. 
In-Ylta' (Tn-vif), V. /. To ask ; to request ; to bid ; 

to summon ; to attract ; to entice. — In-Tit'er, n. 

— In'Yl-ta'tton (Tn^vT-tS'shfin), n. An inviting ; 
a requesting one*s company. 

InTo-oata (Tn'vi-kSt), v. t. To invoke ; to call on 
in supplication ; to address in prayer. — In'TO* 
cation (-ka'shfin), n. An addressing in prayer ; 
a judicial call or order. 

In'TOloa' (Tn'vois'), n. Priced list of merchandise 
shipped or sent to a purchaser. — 1\ t. [In- 
YOICKD (-voist^); iNvoicrao.] To make a written 
account of (goods) ; to insert in a priced list. 

In-YOka' (tn-v5k'), V. t. [Inyokbd (-vSkf) , In- 
voKino.] To invocate ; to call for ; to ask. 

In-VOl'lUL-ta-ry (Tn-vSl'fin-tfi-r]^), «. Not having 
will or power of choice ; independent of will or 
choice ; not done willingly. 

In^TO-lnte (Tn'vi-lSt), n. A curve traced by the 
end of a tense string wound upon another curve, 
or unwound from it. — In'VO-lnte, In'VO-lu'ted 
(-lu'tSd), a. Rolled inward from the edges. — 
In'TO-ln'tlon (-lu'shtin), n. An involving; 
complication; envelope; insertion of clauses 
between the subject and verb, in a sentence, so 
as to complicate the construction ; the raising a 
mathematical quantity to any assigned power. 

In-VOlve' (Yn-v51v'), v. t. [Involved (-v51vdO ; 
iNVOLViNa.] To roll up ; to wind round ; to en- 
velop ; to complicate , to comprise ; to contain ; 
to embarrass ; to raise (a mathematical quan- 
tity) to any assimied power. 

In-yal'ner-a-llle (Tn-vai'n8r-&-b'l), a. Incapable 
of being wounded or receiving injury. 

fini, zeoent, drb, r)}de, lyll. Hum, lood, icMDt, out, oil, eliair, go, sing, i||Kt then, tbm. 




Li'wird (Tn'wSrd), a. Placed within ; interior. 
^ n. That which is within ; pi. inner parta of 
the body ; viucera. ~ In'ward, In'wai^ (Tn'- 
wSrdz), cidv. Toward the inside or interior ; 
into the mind or thoughts. — In'ward-ly, adv. 

In-wroncht' (Tn-rnf), p.p. or a. Wrought or 
worked in. 

Fo-dide (i'i-dTd or -did), n. A compound of 
iodine with another substance. 

I'O-dine (i'i-dln or -den), n. A chemical element, 
obtained from ashes of seaweed. 

I-O'ta (t-S'tft), n. The smallest letter of the 
Greek alphabet, corresponding to the English i ; 
a tittle ; a very small quantity ; a jot. 

Ip'e-cao (Tp^d-kSk), Ip'e-cao'ii-an'lui (Tp^t-kSk^d- 
Sii'&), n. A creeping plant of Brazil ; also, its 
emetic root. 

I-raa'd-Ue (t-rSs'sT-bU), a. Susceptible of an- 
ger ; easily provoked ; irritable. 

Ire (ir^, n. Anger ; wrath. — I-ratO' (t-raf), Ire'- 
flU (ir'ful), a. Full of ire ; angry ; wroth. 

Ir^i-des'cant (Tr^T-dfis'sent), a. Having colors like 
the rainbow. — Ir'i-des'oanoe (-sens), n. Exhi- 
bition of such colors. 

I-rid'i-nm (t-rTdl-Qm), n. A rare metallic ele- 
ment, nearly the heaviest substance known. 

FrlB (i'l'Ts), n. / pi. E. Irisks (-6z), L. Ibidbs 
(tr'i-dSz). The rainbow ; a colored circle round 
the pupil of the eye ; a genus of plants, includ- 
ing the flower-de-luce. 

I'tisll (I'rTsh), a. Pertaining to Ireland. — n. 
People or languu^ of Ireland. 

Irk (Srk), V. t. [Irkbd (Srkt); Irkino.] To 
weary ; to pain ; to tire. — Irk'some (Srk's&m), 
a. Wearisome; tiresome. 

Fron (i'fim), n. The most common and useful of 
the metallic elements ; an instrument or utensil 
made of iron ; pi. chains ; manacles. ^ a. Made 
of or like iron in hardness, strength, etc.— v. i. 
[Ironbo (i'firnd) ; Ironing.] To smooth with 
an instrument of iron ; to shackle ; to furnish or 
arm with iron. — VxODrJ {-f), a. Made of, or 
like, iron ; hard. — Fron-Clad' (-klSdO, a. Pro- 
tected or covered with iron ; severe ; exacting, 
^n. A vessel for naval warfare plated with 
iron . — Fron-xnon'ger (-mtin^gSr), n. A dealer 
in hardware. 

Fron-y (I'r&n-j^), n. Dissimulation; sarcasm; 
ridicule which exposes faults of others by seem- 
ing to adopt or defend them. — I-ron'iC (t-r5n'- 
Tk), I-ron'iO-al (-T-kal), a. Pertaining to, con- 
taining, or expressing, irony. 

Ir-ra'di-ate (Tr-ra'dT-at), V. /. <b i. To emit rays; 
to illuminate. 

Ir-ra'tion-al (Tr-rSsh'Qn-al), a. Not rational; 
void of, or contrary to, reason ; absurd ; foolish. 

irre-Claim'a-Me (Tr'r«-klam'A-b*l), a. Incapable 
of being reclaimed. — Ir're-olaim'a-llly, adv. 

Ir-reo'on-oi'la-Me (Tr-r6k'5n-siaA-bn), a. Inca- 
pable of being reconciled or appeased ; implac- 
able ; incompatible ; inconsistent. 

irre-coy'er-a-1)le (Yr'rJ-kttv'gr-Ar-b'l), a. Not 
capable of being recovered or regained ; irre- 
trievable ; incurable. — Ir're-007'er-a-lily, adv. 

Ir're-deem'a-Me (Tr/rMSm'A-b'l), a. Not re- 
deemable or to bis redeemed. 

irre-dU'd-Me (Tr/ri-du'sT-b'l), a. Incapable of 
being reduced, or brought into different form. 

Ir-reFra-ga-Ue (Ir-rfifrA-gA-b'l), a. Not refra- 
gable ; not to be refuted ; indisputable. 

irrd-fnra-Me (Ir/r«-fut'A-b'l or Tr-rgffi-tA-b'l), 
a. Incapable of being refuted or disproved. 

Ir-reg'll-lar (Ir-rSg'a-llr), a. Not regular; not 
according to common form or established prin- 
oiples or customs ; not straight ; not uniform. 
— Ir-reg^-lar-ly, adt.— Ir-reg'u-lar'l-ty (-ifa'- 
T-tj^), n; Deviation from established form, cus- 
tom, rule, rectitude, etc. ; an act of vice. 

Ir-rel'e-Tant (Ir-rSl^-vant), a. Not relevant; 
not applicable. — Ir-ral'O-van-oy (-van-sj^), n. 

Ir're-li'gioil (Tr/r*-llj'an), n. Want of religion; 
wickedness; impiety.— Ir're-li'glolUI (-ITilSs); 
a. Destitute of religion ; profane ; wicked. 

Ir're-mo'dl-a-Ue (Tr/i^me', a. Not to 
be remedied, cured, or redressed. 

Ir-rap'a-ra-lBle (Tr-rSp^^-rA-bU), a. Not repara- 
ble ; not capable of being recovered or regained. 

I^re-preasl-Dle (Tr^ri-pi^snr-b'l), a. Not capa- 
ble of being repressed. 

irre-proaok'a-llle (Tr/rfi-pr5ch'&-b'l), a. Incapa- 
ble of being justly reproached ; upright. 

Ir're-Blsf anoe (Tr'rfi-zTst'ans), n. Forbearance 
to resist ; passive submission. — Ir'rt-SlBt'l-llla 
(-T-b'l), a. Incapable of being successfully re- 
sisted ; overpowering. — Ir're-alst'i-bly, oar. 

Ir-res'O-llLte (ir-r6z^-lut), a. Not resolute ; vac- 
illating ; undecided ; unstable ; unsteady. 

Ir^re-spM'tiye (Tr^r^-spSk'tTv), a. Not having 
respect or regard. — Ir're-SPOOtlTe-ly, adv 

Ir're-spon'si-llle (Tr'rt-sp5n'sT-b'l), a. Not re- 
sponsible ; not liable or able to answer for conse- 
quences ; innocent ; unreliable ; imtrustworthy. 

Ir're-trlev'a-llle (Tr^rfi-trSv'A-b^l), a. incapable 
of recovery or repair ; incurable ; irreparable. 

Ir-rev'er-ent (Tr-r6v'Sr-mt), a. Not reverent; 
not manifesting regard to the Supreme Being ; 
wanting in respect to superiors. 

Ir-r6V'0-oa-1)le (Ir-r8v'i-k&-b*l), a. Incapable of 
being recalled or revoked. 

Ir'rl-gata (Tr'rT-gat), V. t. To wet ; to moisten ; 
to water (land) by causing a stream tb flow over 
it. — Ir'rl-ga'tlOll (-gS'shttn), n. A watering. 

Ir'ri-tate (Ir'rT-tSt), v. t. To excite heat and 
redness in (the skin or flesh of animal bodies) ; 
to fret ; to increase the action or violence of ; to 
excite anger in ; to tease ; to provoke ; to exas- 
perate. — Ir'rl-ta-We (Ir'rT-tA.b'l), a. Capable 
of being irritated ; easily inflamed, exasperated, 
or provoked; irascible ; fretful ; peevish. — Ii^. 
n-ta-bly, adv. — Ir'ri-ta-Mll-ty (-Mll-ty), n. 
— Lr'ri-tatiOXl (-ta'shtln), n. An irritating ; 
excitement of passion ; anger. 

Ir-mption (Tr-rtip'shQn), n. A breaking, or vio- 
lent rushing, into a place; sudden invasion. 

Is (Tz), 3d perx. tnng. of Br. 

Fain-glass (i'zTn-gl&s), n. Gelatin from the 
sounds or air-bladders of sturgeons; popular 
name for mica in thin sheets. 

a, e, i, o, u, long; ft, £, 1, 5, tt, f% short; sen&te, event, idea, dbey, 6nite, cftre, i&rm, 4ak| %U, final* 




ttnMBi (laHim), n. Religion of Mohammed ; body 
of those who prot'eas it ; MohammedanJBm. — 
L^lani-lfllll ( -Ys'm), n. Mohammedan creed. 

Xlfland (ilond), n. Land surrounded by water, 
—v. L To surround ; to insulate. — Illaild-6r} 
n. Inhabitant of an island. 

lale (U), Isl'et (inSt), n. A little island. 

-iBm (-Is*m). A suffix denoting the theory, doc- 
trine, spirit, or extract idea of that signified by 
the woni to which it is appended. — n. A doc- 
trine or theory ; a specious but visionary theory. 

rso-late Q't^-lat or Wt-)t v, t. To place in a 
detached situation ; to iusulate. — Vao-ltLtllfai 
(-la'shiin), n. State of being isolated. 

I-WMl'oe-les ( i-sQs'se-lez), a. Having only two legs 
equal ; — said of a triangle. 

I/gO-tbeim (I'si-thSrm), n. Imaginary 
line over the earth's surface through 
points having the same mean annual 
temperature. —Fso-tliez'mal (-ther'- 
mal), a. Having equal temperature. 

Xs^ra-el-lte (Tz'ra^-it), ». Descend- Isosoeles 
ant of Israel, or Jacob ; a Jew. — Is'- Triangle. 
xa-6l-lt'io (-Yt'Yk), Is'n-el-l'tisli (-I'tYsh), a. 
Pertaining to Israel; Jewish; Hebrew. 

b^sno (Tsh'd), n. A passing, flowing, or sending 
out ; quantity emitted at one time ; result or 
end; ofbpring; profits of land or property; 
evacuation ; discharge ; material point of law 
or fact ; point in debate or cbntroversy. — f . i. 
[IssuKD (Tsli'ud) ; Issuiko.] To pass out ; to 
go out ; to end ; to terminate. — v. t. To send 
out ; to put into circulation ; to deliver for use. 

jMXh'WJLB (Ts'mfis or Tst^mfi;:), n. A neck of land 
connecting two continents or uniting a penin- 
sula to the main land. 

It (Tt>, pron. ; pi. (same as he and <A«), their, ih/ebr 
or theiri, them. That thing. — It-self (Tt-seif'). 
pron. The neuter reciprocal pronoun. 

I-tal'Un (T-tiQ'yan), a. Pertaining to Italy, its 
inhabitants, or their language, —n. An inhab- 
itant of Italy ; language of the Italians. — I-tal' • 
lo (-Yk), a. Belatmg to Italy, or to a kind of 
type in which the letters »lope toward the 
right, -^n. An Italic letter. — i-tall-Clze (-Y- 
siz), V. t. To print in Italic characters. 

ItOb (Ych), V, i, [Itched (Ycht) ; Itchino.] To 
feel a {mrticular uneasiness in the skin, inclin- 
ing one to scratoh the part ; to have a constant 
desire or teasing inclination. — n. An irritating, 
contagious disease, caused by a parasite under 
the sidn ; irritating desire or craving. — Itoll^ 
(Ych']^), a. Infected with the itch. 

I'tem (I'tSm), adv. Also ; as an additional article. 
— n. An article ; separate particular in an ac- 
count. — V. t. To make a note or memorandum 
of. — rtem-lze (I'tSm-iz), v. t. To state in 
items or by particulars. 

If er-ate (Yt'er-St), v. t. To do a second time ; to 
repeat. — IVer-atlon (-a'shiin), n. Repetition. 

I-tLn'er-ate (t-tYn'Sr-at), v, i. To travel from 
place to place, esp. for preaching, lecturing, eto. 
— I-tln'er-aXLt (-^nt), a. Passing about a coun- 
try ; wandering. — n. One who travels from 
place to place ; esp., a preacher ; one who is un- 

It-seU', pron. See under It, pron. 

I'YO-ry O ' vd -rj^ ), n. A hard, white substance 
constitutii^f the tusks of the elephant; tusks 
themselves. — a. Made of, or like, ivory ; white. 

Vtj (i'vJ), n. An evergreen climbing plant. 

Iz'zard (Is'zSrd), n. Old name for the letter 0. 


JalKber (jXba)Sr), v. i. & t. [Jabbbbxd (-bSrd) ; 
jABBEBoro.] To talk rapidly or indistinctly ; to 
chatter ; to gabble. ^ n Rapid, indistittct talk ; 
gibberish. — Jab^er-er, n. 

Jock (jSk), n. A meciianical con- 
trivance of various kinds ; an en- 
gine; the male of certain ani- 
mals ; a small flag. — Jack bOOtS. 
Boots reaching above the knee. — 

Jaok-wltli-a-lantern, Jack- 

0'— lantern, n. !^;nis fatuua ; 

meteor seen in low, moist lands ; 

pumpkin so prepared as to show 

human features when illuminated 

within. -^ JaOk plane. A car- 
penter's plane for coarse work. 
JmaikfX^ (jSk'ftlOi n. Acamivo- 

orous animal of Asia and Africa, EngliBh Jack. 

related to the dog and wolf. 
Jaok^a-napea' (jSk'&^naps^), n. A monkey ; an 

ape ; a coxcomb , an impertinent fellow. 

American Jack. 

Jack'afly (jSk'AsOr n. The male of the ass; a 

dolt; a blockhead. 
Jack'daw' (jSk'd^O* »• A small European bird 

allied to the crows. 
Jack'et(jSk'8t), n. A short, close coat. 
Jack'knlfe' (jSk'nifO, n. A strong clasp knife 

for the pocket. 
Jade (jad), n. A hard stone used for ornaments 

and implements. 
Jade (jad), n. A poor horse ; a mean woman ; a 

wench, —v. /. [Jaobd ; Jadinq.] To tire out ; 

to weary ; to harass. 
Jag (jSg), n. A small load (of hay, grain in the 

straw, or ore).— v. t. To load or carry (hay, eto. ). 
Jag (jSg), n. Noteh ; cleft ; barb ; fragment. — 

V, t. [Jaoobd (jSgd) ; Jaooino (-gYng).] To 

noteh. — Jag'ged (jSg'gSd), Jag'gy X-tSf), a. 

Notched ; uneven ; divided. — Jag^d-ly, adv. 
Ja-gnar' (jA-gwSr' or jSg'wUr; Pg. zhi-gwar')* «• 

A carnivorous animal called the Americar t^er^ 

and found from Brazil to Texas. 

IBm. recent, 6rb, rude, f^ ||ni« fdbd, f<ft>t, out, oil, chair, go, sins, iQk, then, tbJhL 




Jail (jal), n. A prison. — t;. t. To imprison. — 
Jall'er ( jSl'Sr), n. — Jail bird. A convict. 

Jal'ap (jU'ap^, n. Boot of a Mexican ^dant, used 
as a catliaitic. 

Jam (jfim), n. Preserve of fruit boiled with sugar 
and water. 

Jam (jSm), V. ^ & {. [Jammed ; Jamming.] To 
press ; to crowd ; to squeeze tiglit. — n. Mass 
(of people, logs, etc.) crowded togetlier ; crush. 

Jamb (j^)« n. Sidepieoe of a door, fireplace, 

Jan'gle (iSn'g*l), v. i. [Janolbd (-g'ld) ; Jan- 
gling (-glfng).] To sound harshly or dis- 
cordantly, as bells out of tune ; to bicker ; to 
wrangle ; to prate ; to gossip. ^ n. Discordant 
sound ; contentiou ; babble. — Jan'glor, n. 

Jan'i-tor (jSn'I-ter), n. A doorkeeper ; a porter. 

Jan'ty, a. See Jaunty. 

Jan'n-a-ry (jSn'<i-a-rj^), n. First month of the 

Ja-pan' ( j&-pSn'), n. Work varnished and figured 
in the Japanese manner ; a varnish or lacquer 
used in japanning, —v. I. [Japannsd (-pSnd') ; 
Japanning.] To cover with thick, brilliant 
varnish ; to black and gloss (shoes, boots, etc.). 
— Jap^a-neso' (jSp^&-nez' or -nes'), a. Of or 
pertaining to Japan, or its inhabitants. — n. A 
native, an inhabitant, the people, or the lan- 
guage of the people, of Japan. 

Jar (jar), V. i. [Jabbed (jard) ; Jabbing.] To 
give forth a short rattle or tremulous sound ; 
to vibrate harshly ; to clash ; to interfere ; to 
quarrel ; to dispute. ^ v. t. To cause to trem- 
ble ; to shake ; to shock. — n. Rattling vibra- 
tion of sound ; clash of opinions ; discoM. 

Jar (jar), n. A vessel of earth or glass, with a 
broad mouth ; contents of a jar. 

Jar^gon (jar'gSn), 91. Confused, unintelligible 
talk; slang. — V. t. [Jaboonxd (-gSnd); Jab- 
ooning.] To talk unintelligibly or noisily. 

Jas'milie (jSs'mTn), n. A climbing plant, bearing 
fragrant flowers. 

Jasper (jSs'per), n. An opaque, impure variety 
of quartz, used for vases, seals, etc. 

Jann'dioo (jSn'dTs), n. A disease, characterized 
by yellowness of the eyes, skin, and urine. — 
Jann'diced (-dTst), a. Affected with jaundice ; 
prejudiced ; seeing with discolored organs. 

Jaunt (jant), v. i. t'o ramble here and there ; 
to stroll, —-n. A short journey. 

Jann'ty (jan'tj^), a. Airy ; showy ; finical ; char- 
acterized by a fantastic manner. 

Jave'lbl (jSv1Iu),n. A light spear, thrown by 
the hand. 

Jaw (jt^)) f^' The bone in which the teeth are 
fixed ; scolding ; abusive clamor ; pi. mouth of 
a passage ; way of entrance ; movable parts of a 
vise or other machine for clutching an object. 

Jay ( ja), n. A small bird of many species, akin to 
the crow. 

Jeal'ons (jSl'lis), a. Suspicious; envious; anx- 
ious. — Jeal ' 0118 - ly, adv, — Jeal ' ona - neaa, 
Jeal'ona-y (-y)» «• * 

Jean (jan), n. Twilled cotton cloth. 

Jaer (jSr), v. i, & t. [Jsbbbd (jSrd) ; Jbsbihg.^ 
To mock ; to sneer ; to deride. — n. "R-^iwg re- 
mark; scoff; mockery. 

Je-bo^all (j^-ho'vi), n. The Scripture appella- 
tion of the Supreme Being. 

Jelly (jSllj^), n. / pi. Jbllibs (-ITz). Something 
gelatinous; stiffened solution of gelatin, giun, 
etc. ; inspissated juice of fruits or meat boiled 
with sugar. — v. t. [Jxllibd (-ITd) ; Jkixtihg.] 
To come to the state or consistency of jelly. 

Jen'ny (jSn'nj^), n, A machine for spinning many 
threads at once. 

Jeop'ard (jSp^rd), Jeop'ard-iza (-iz), v, l To 

expose to loss ; to risk ; to peril ; to endanger. 
— Jeop'ard-y (-^), n. Danger ; hazard ; risk. 

Jerk (jerk), t;. t, [Jvbxxd (jSrkt) ; Jbbkiho.] To 
cut (meat) into strips, and dry (it) in the sun. 

Jerk (jerk), v. t. To throw with a quick motion ; 
to give a sudden pull, twitch, thrust, or push. «■ 
V, i. To start quickly ; to move with a start, 
or by starts. — 9i. A short, sudden thrust or 
twitch; unsteady motion. — Jexk'y (-j^), a. 
Moving by jerks and starts ; changing abruptly. 

Jez'aey (jer'zj^), n. The finest of wool separated 
from the rest ; fine yam of wool ; jacket of 
coarse woolen cloth ; one of a fine breed of cat- 
tle from the Island of Jersey. 

Jea'aa-mine (j68'6&-mTn), n. The plant, jasmine. 

Jeat (jSst), n. A joke ; fun. — v. t. To joke. 

Jea'n-it (jSz^A-Tt), n. One of the religious order 
called The Society of Jesus ; a crafty person ; an 
intriguer. — Jea^n-iVlC-al (-Tt^-kal), a. Per- 
taining to the Jesuits ; designing ; cunning. 

Jet (jSt), n. A variety of lignite, of velvet4>lack 
color, often wrought into toys, jewelry, etc. — 
Jet'-black^ (blSkO, a. Black as jet ; intenaely 
black. — Jet'ty, a. Black. 

Jet (j6t), n. Sudden rusli (of water from a pipe ; 
flame from an orifice, etc. ). — v, t. & /. [Jstted ; 
Jbtting.] To shoot forward ; to project ; to jut. 

Jetty (jSt'ty), n. A pier. 

Jet'ty. a. See under Jbt, lignite. 

Jew (ju or ju), n. A Hebrew, or Israelite. — 
JeWeaa, n. A Hebrew woman. — Jewlak, 
a. Pertaining to the Hebrews ; Israelitish. — 
Jew'a'-harp^ (juz'- or jnz'), n. A musical in- 
strument, held between 
the teeth, and having 
a metal tongue, which 
when struck by the finger 
produces musical sounds 
that are modulated by 
the breath. 

Jew'el (ju'81 or ju'Sl), n. 
A precious stone ; a gem ; 
an object very highly valued. — r. /. [Ji 
(-Sid), or Jewbllbd ; Jbwxlino, or Jkwxixiko.] 
To adorn or provide with jewels. — Jow'tl-er, 
One who deals in jewels, etc. — Jew'al-xy 



(-ry), Jew'el-ler-y (-I8r-y), n. Jewels in gen- 
eral ; art or trade of a jeweler. 
Jill (jYb), n. The foremost sail of a ahip, being a 
triangular sail extended from the maaOtead to 
the lK>wsprit , the projecting beam of a crane. 

Sb6,I, o, O, long ; &, 6, 1, 5, il, j^, short i aen&te, (vent, tdea, 6bey, lUiite, oAie, amy Aak, nn. 




Jib (jTb), V, i. [JxBBBD (jTbd) ; Jmiime.] To 
move restively ; to balk ; — said of a horse. 

J11ie(jn>), V, t, [JiBBD (jibd) ; Jibing.] To shift 
(a sail) from one side of a vessel to the other. 
— v. i. To change a ship's course, so as to shift 
the boom or aail ; to agree ; to harmonize. 

Jiffy (jif'if)i n. A moment ; an instant. 

Jlc (jTg)t n. A brisk musical movement ; quick 
dance ; small machine or tool. — v.-<. [Jiqoko 
(jTgd) ; JiOGiNO.] To sort or separate (ore) by 
ahucing ; to cheat ; to form (metal) in a jig. 

Jlf'gar (jTg'gSr), n. A tropical flea ; chigoe. 

JiC^gle (jTg'g'l)t V, i To move in an awkward 
noanner ; to shake up and down. 

Jilt (jTlt), n. A woman who capriciously disap- 
points her lover ; a coquette ; a flirt. ^ v. t. To 
encourage and disappoint (a lover). 

Jim'lny (jTm'mj^), n. A bar used by burglars in 
forcing doors, windows, etc. 

Jimp (jimp), a. Neat ; elegant of shape. 

Jln'gle (jTn'g'l)) V. i. & i. To sound with a fine, 
sharp ralile ; to clink ; to tinkle. ^ 7i. A clink- 
ing sound ; rhyme. 

Jln-rtkl-slia (jTn-rIk^-sh&), n. A two-wheeled, 
man-drawn vehicle in Japan. 

Job G9b), n. Thrust; stab; piece of work; 
public transaction done for private profit. — v. 
t.&i, [Jobbed (j5bd) ; JoBBmo.]| To do small 
work ; to deal in stocks ; to admmister (public 
business) eorruptly. — Jcb'ber (jB^bSr), n. — 
JolKber-y (-j^), n. Act or practice of jobbing ; 
underhand mani^ment ; official corruption. 

JoOk'ey (jSk'j^), n. One who rides horses in a 
race ; a dealer in horses ; one who cheats in 
trade.— V. i. & i. [Jockbtbd (-Td); Jockbt- 
Dio.] To cheat ; to trick. 

Jo-0080' (ji-kos'), a. Given to jokes ; sportive. 
— Jo-oose'neas, Jo-oos'l-ty (jd-kSst-tj^), n. 

Joo^-lar (jSk'6-lgr), a. Jocose. — Joc/n-lar-ly, 
adi;. — JoCn-lar'i-ty (-l«r1-ty), n. 

J<W (jSg)* V. t. & i. [JoooBO (j5gd); Joaome 
(-gTng).] To push with the elbow ; to urge gen- 
tly ; to walk slowly. — n. A slight shake ; 
a nudge. — Jog trot Slow, regular pace ; unva- 
ried routine. — Jog'ger, n. 

JOg'gle ( jSg'gn), V, I. & U [JOOOLBD (-g'M) ; Joo- 

eLora (-glTng).! , 

J^lllt (joint), n. Place or part where things sra 
joined ; junction ; part or space included be- 
tween two joints or articulations. — a. Joined ; 
united ; combined ; concerted ; shared among 
more than one ; held in common. — v. t. To 
unite by a joint or joints ; to fit together ; to 
articulate ; to separate the joints of ; to disjomt. 
— Jointly, adv. Together ; in common. 

Joist (joist), n. Small timber supporting boards 
of a floor or laths of ceiling. 

Joke ( jok ), n. Jest ; witticism. ^ v. t. & i, 
[JoKBD (jokt) ; JoKiNO.] To jest ; to rally. 

Jolly (jSl'lj^), a. [Jollier ; Jollibst.] Full of 
life and mirth ; vaBtrj ; handsome ; plump. — 

JolOi-naas, Jol'U-ty (-W-tf), n. - Jol'U-li-oa'- 
tion (-f Y-ka'shiin), n. Noisy merriment. 
Joiay-lraaV (j51'lj^-bot/), n. a ship's smaU boat. 

To shake slight- 
ly; to join or 
nuitoh (timbers, 
etc, by joggles), 
to prevent slid- 
ing apart. — n. 
Joint between Joggles. 

two pieces of timber, stone, ete., in which a notch 
or tooth prevents their sliding past each other. 
Join (join), V. /. [Joined (joind^ ; JonoNO.] To 
bring together ; to add ; to umte ; to combine ; 
to couple ; to Ihik. — i'. t. To be contiguous or 
in contact ; to league ; to unite. — Jo&'er, n. 
One who joins ; a mechanic who does woodwork 
in finishing buildings ; a woodworking machine 
for sawing, planing, mortising, grooving, etc. — 
Jotn'er-y (joln'Sr-f ), n. Art or work of a joiner. 


Jolt (jolt), V, i. & t. To shake with suddeu jerka. 

— n. A shock or shake. — Jolt'or, n. 
Jon'gcil (jSn'kwTl), Jon'qnille, n. A bulbous 

plant, allied to the daffodil. 
Jostle (i5s"l), V, t. & i. [Jostled (-'Id) ; Jos- 
TLiMO (-ITng^.] To push; to crowd ; to hustle. 

— n. Conflict; interference. 

Jot (j5t), n. An iota ; point ; tittle ; least quan- 
tity assignable. — v. i. [Jotted; JomNO.] 
To set down ; to make a memorandum of. 

Jounce (jouns), t;. t. & t. [Jounced (jounst); 
Jouncing (joun'sTng).] To jolt; to shake.— 
n. A jolt ; hard trot. 

Jonrlial (jCir'nal), n. An account of daily trans> 
actions diary ; newspaper ; cylindrical portion 
of a shaft or other revolving piece which turns 
in a box or bearing. — JoU'nfll-irai (-Tz'm), n. 
The keeping of a journal ; profession of edit- 
ing, or writing for, journals. — Jcnx'nal-ist, n. 
Writer of a diary ; contributor to a public jour- 
nal. — Jonx'nal-lze ( - Iz ), v. t. To enter in a 
journal, —v. i. To carry on a public journal. 

Jonr'&ey (jflr'ny), n. ; pi. JouBNETs (-nlz). Travel 
from place to place ; voyage ; tour ; trip. ^ v. i. 
[Journeyed (-nTd) ; Journetino.] To travel 
from place to place. — JoU'ney-man (-man), 
n. A man hired to work by the day. 

Jo'Ti-Bl ( jo ' vl - ff 1 ), a. Gay ; jolly. — JoM- 

al-nes8, Jo'vl-al-ty (-ty), Jo'vi-al'i-ty (-«'- 

T-ty), n. 
Jowl (jol), n. The cheek ; jaw ; jole. — Jowl'er, 

n. A dog with large jowls. 
Joy(joi), n. Gladness; delight; exultation; bliss; 

gayety ; mirth ; hilarity. — v. i. [Joyed (joid^. 

Joying.] To rejoice ; to exult. — Joy'fnl (-f ul), 

c Full of joy ; gay ; exulting. — Joyless, a. 

Destitote of joy ; unenjoyable. — Joy'ons (-tts), 

a. Jojrful ; glad. 

I811I9 ncent, Urb, rude, f ^ dxxi, f dbdt f cTot, out, oil, oludr, go, sinK, iQk, then, tbin. 




JVfU-lailt (ju^T-lant), a. Uttering Mngs of tri* 
uiuph ; rejoicing. — Juld-latlai (-li'uittn), n. 
.A triumph ; rejoicing. — Ju^-loo (-16), n. 
Public f eativitT ; exultation. 

Jn-da'lO (jA-dSOfk), Jn-dalo-tl (-T-kal), a. Per- 
taining to tlie Jews. — Ju'da-um (ju'dt-Tz*m), 
n. BeligiouB doctrines and rites of tlie Jews. 

JvdgO (j^)i **• One authorised to determine 
oauses in court ; one who has skill to decide on 
the merits of a question, or value of aujrthing ; 
connoisseur ; expert. -*> v. t. [Juooid (jttjd) ; 
JuDGiNO.] To hear and determine (in causes on 
trial) ; . to pass sentence ; to form an opinion ; 
to determine ; to distingiush. — v. t. To hear 
and determine ; to examine and sentence ; to 
sit in judgment upon ; to esteem ; to think ; to 
reckon. — Judge'allip (jfij'shTp), n. Office of 
a judge. — Jiidg'mant (-m«nt), n. Act of judg- 
ing; opinion; correctness; taste; sentence of 
t^e law, pronounced by a coCtrt ; calamity sent 
as recompense for wrong committed ; final pun- 
ishment of the wicked. 

Jn'dl-oa-tlye (juMI-kt-tTv), a. Having power to 
ludge. — Ju'dl-ca-tO-ry (-tS-rj^), a. Dispensing 
justice.— n. A court of justice; a tribunal; 
distribution of justice. — Jn'dl-ca-tnra (-ttir), 
II. Power of distributing justice ; jurisdiction. 

Jn-di'clal- (j6-dTsh'al), a. Pertaining to courts of 
justice ; established by statute ; iimicted, as a 

Senalty or in iudgment. — Jn-dl'oial-ly, adv. — 
n-dl'oia-ry (-dTsh'&-]j^ or -T-a-rj^), a. Passing 
judgment ; pertaining to courts of judicature. — 
n. The branch of government in which judicial 

Sower is vested ; judges taken collectively. — 
n-dl'oloiui (-dlsh'fia), a. According to sound 
judgment ; rational ; wise ; sagacious. 
Jllg (jQg), n. A vessel, with a swelling belly 
and narrow mouth ; a large bottle ; a pitcher ; 
a prison; a jail.— r. t. [Jvoord (jttgd); Jug- 
oiNG.] To boQ or stew, as in a jug ; to commit 
to jail; to imprison. 

imposture. — Jug'gler, n. — Jvg'gler-y (-y ), n. 

IVlckery; legerdemain; imposture. 

Jn'gn-lU' (ju'gu-lSr), a. Pertaining to the neck 
or throat, —n. The large vein by which blood 
is returned from the head to the heart. 

Jvloe (jus), n. Sap ; watery part of vegetables ; 
fluid part of animal substances. — Jnlce'leBS, a. 
Destitute of juice; dry. — Jnl'cy (ju's^), a. 
[JinciXR ; JuiciBST.] Abounding with juice. 

Jn^nbe (ju'jfib), n. Sweet and edible fniit of 
several Mediterranean trees. — Jujube paste. 
Dried or inspissated jelly of the jujube ; an ex- 
pectorant made of gum arable sweetened. 

JU-iy' (jti-H'), n. Seventh month of the year. 

Jlim1>le (jttm'b'l), V. t. & i. [JuMBLBD (-b'ld) ; 
Jumbling (-blTng).] To meet, mix, or unite 
confusedly. ^ n. (jonfused mixture ; a small, 
sweet cake, often ringshaped. — Jlimn)leT, n. 

Jump (jfimp), n. A loose jacket ; a bodic e. 

Jump (jHrap), v. i. [JuMFKO (jttmpt) ; Jumfino.] 

To qving by raising both feet; to ak^; to 

bound ; to jolt. —v. t. To overleap. — n. Lteap: 

spring. — Jmnp'er, n. One that jumpa ; a kind 

of sleigh ; the larva of the cheese fly. 
Juno'tiMI (j&nk'shtUi), n. A joining; a union; 

place where two roads meet. — JuiU/tlire (-tdr), 

n. Line or point at which two bodies join; 

joint ; point of time ; exigency ; emergency. 
June (jun),.n. The sixth month of the year. 
Jun'gle (jun'g'l), n. Dense growth of bnuhwood 

grasses, vines, etc. ; thicket. 
Jun'lor (jun'ySr), a. Younger; inferior.— n. A 

younger person ; one of lower standing. — Jun- 

loi^-ty C-yWl-Vj) , n. State of being junior. 
Ju'nl-per (ju'nT-pIr), n. An evergreen coniferous 

shrub or tree. 
Junk (jtink), n. Pieces of old cable or cordage ; 

old iron, glass, paper, etc. ; rubbish ; hard salted 

beef supplied to ^pe. 
Junk (jfink), n. A Und of ship, used by Chinese, 

Malays, etc. 
JunOcet (jiin'kfit), n. 

A sweetme at ; 

cheesecake ; stolen 

entertainment. ■-• 

V. i. & t. To feast ; 

to banquet. — Jun'- 

ket-ing.n. Revelry. 

Jun'ta ( jttn't*)* »• 
The Spanish council 
of state. 

Junto (jtLn'tft), n. 
A select council to 
deliberate on affairs 
of government or 
politics ; a faction ; 
a cabal. 

Ju'pl-ter (ju'i>T-tSr), n. Jove, son of Batom, and 
supreme deity of the ancient Romans; the 
largest of the planets. 

Ju-rld'io (jfi-rldTk), Ju-ria'lo-al(-t-kal),a. Per- 
taining to a judge ; used in courts of law. 

Ju'rlfl-dlCtion (ju'rTfi-dTk'Bhlin), n. Legal au- 
thority ; limit within which power may te exer- 

Ju'rlst (ju'iffst), n. One versed in the law; a 
civil lawyer. 

Ju'ry (ju'ry), n. / pi. Juaiss (-rTz). A body of 
men sworn to inquire into matters of fact, and 
decide according t-o the evidence given them; 
a committee for adjudging prises. — Julor 
(-rSr), Jufry-man (-rT-man), n. One who serves 
on a jury. 

Just (jfist), a. Conformed to truth, to reason- 
able expectation, etc. ; equitable ; honest ; true ; 
proper. — adv. Precisely ; exactly ; barely. 

JUB'tlC^ (jfis'tls), n. Quality of being just ; the 
rendering to everyone his due ; equity ; recti- 
tude ; a civil officer commissioned to hold courts, 
try controversieB, and administer justice. 

JnS'ti-fy (jtts'tT-fi), V. t. [JUSTIFIKD (-fid) ; Jto- 

Tirmro.] To prove to be just ; to free from 
blame ; to vindicate ; to excuse ; to exculpate; to 
absolve ; to pardon. — Juitl-fl'a-llto (-fl^A-b^l), 


a, e, 1, 5, II, long ; ft, 6, 1, ft, ft, j^, ahort ; aeaftte, «vent, idea, 5be|r, ttnite, cftre, iirm. Ask, ||U, fin«l. 




a. Defenaible ; excusable. — Jllf'tl-fi-oation 
(-fT-kifahttn), n. A justifying ; a vindication. 
Jttt (jfit), V, i. [Juttid; JumHO.] To siioot 
forward ; to project beyond the main body. — n. 

Jnto (jut), n. An Bast India plant, and its 
fiber, used in making mats, cordage, gunny 
cloth, paper^etc. 

Jn'TO-nlM O'l'v^Tl), a. Toung; jpoathfol; 
suited to youth. — n. A youth. 


Kall,n. SeeKAUL 

Kal'^sar (ki^sSr), n. The emperor of Germany. 

Kale (leal), n. Cabbage, having the leaves curled 
or wrinkled, but not forming a close head. 

Ka-lel'd0-800pe ( k4-li'di-ak5p), n. An optical in- 
strument, containing reflecting surfaces which 
exhibit its contents in varied colors and sym- 
metrical forms. 

Xal'sn-dar, n. See Oalbbtdab. 

Xal^SO-mliie, n. & v. Same as CALcimra. 

Xa-naok'a (k&-nSk'&), Ka-na'ka (-na^&), n. & a. 
Native of the Sandwich Islands. 

'KMnfttL-no' ( kSn ' g& - roo ' ), n. An Australian 
jumping, marsupiiQ quadruped. 

Ka'O-Un (kS^ft-lTn), Ka'O-Une, n. Pure white 
clay used for mating porcelalB. 

Ka^-did' (ki'tj^-dTdO, n. An insect of a green 
color, allied to the grasshoppers, and uamed 
from the sound made by the males by means of 
membranes in their wing-covers. 

Kay'ak (kS'Xk), n. A light boat used in Green- 
land, made of sealskins stretched upon a frame. 

Ked^a (kSj), n. A small anchor. — v. t. [Kedord 
(kSjd) ; &u>onfa.] To warp (a ship) by means 
of a kedge. 

Keel (kSl), n. The principal timber in a ship, ex- 
tending from stem to stern at the bottom ; a 
projecting ridge along' the middle of a flat or 
curving surf ace. — v, t. [Kselbd (kSld) ; Ksel- 
nro.] To plow with a keel ; to turn up the keel ; 
to show the bottom. 

Keon (kSn^, a. Eager ; sharp ; severe ;, acute. 

Ka^ (kep), V. L [Kbpt (k^t) ; KsBPnio.] To 
preserve ; to save ; to maintain ; to supply ; to 
hold ; to celebrate. — v. i. To last ; to en- 
dure ; to stay ; to dwell. — n. Support ; strong- 
hold. — Reap ' ing, n. A holding; custody; 
guard ; support ; congruity ; harmony. — KeaP'- 
aaka' (-«nEO> »• Something to be kept for the 
sake of the givet* ; a memento. 

EjMf (kSg^, n. A small cask or barrel. 

Xmp (kfilp), n. Calcined ashes of seaweed, used 
in manufacture of glass and of iodine ; a large 
blackish seaweed. 

Kait (keit), n. Celt. — Keif io, a. Celtic. 

Kan (kSn), v, t. [Ksnnbd (kSnd); Ksmnifo.] 
To know ; to see ; to descry. — n. Cognizance ; 
view ; reach of knowledge. 

Kail^dL (kSn'nfil), n. A house for dogs ; a pack 
of hounds; the hole of a fox or other beast. 

Kapt, imp, Sep. p. of Kxxp. 

Ka-ram'lb (kf-rSm^k), a. Same as Csramic. 


Kez'alilaf (kSr'chTf), n. A cloth covering tba 
head or the neck. 

Kar'nal (kSr^uSl), n. little grain or com ; any- 
thing included in a shell or integument ; the 
central part of anything. 

Kez^o-aana' (kSr'i-sSnO, n. Goal oil ; illumina- 
ting oil produced from petroleum. 

Kar^aay (kSr^zj^), n. Coarse cloth, woven from 
long wooL 

Kej/aay-mara (kSr'zj^-mer), n. Cassimere. 

Ketoh'np (kfich'iip), n. A sauce. See Catchup. 

Kat'tta O^fift'l), n. Metallic vessel, for boiling 
water, etc. — Kattla-drom' (-drihnOi n, A 
drum made of a copper vessel 
covered with parchment ; an in- 
formal social afternoon party. 

Kay (ke), n. Ledge of rocks uear 
the surface of the water; low 
island ; a wharf ; a quay. 

Key (ke), n. Instrument to fasten , 
and open locks, wind watches, ' 
adjust mechanism, eta ; solution ; means of 
access ;' index ; pitch ; tone. — v. t. [Krtbd 
(ked) ; Kbyino.] To fasten or tighten with keys 
or wedges. — KaylMMird' (ke'bordO, n. Whole 
range of the keys of an organ, piano, typewriter, 
etc. — Key'hola' (-hoi'), «• Hole for recei vinp^ a 
key ; excavation in beams to be joined, to receive 
the key fastening them. — Key'nota' (-not'), n. 
First tone of the scale in which a piece of music 
is written ; fundamental idea. — Key'atona' 
(-stou'), n. Wedge- 
shaped stone at the mid- 
dle of an arch or vault, 
which bmds the work. 

Khald (kaHcd), n. Brown 
cotton cloth used for 
uniforms, etc. 

KhaOil (ka'llf), ». See «. ^^^. 

Caufh. ^ Keystone. 

IlKhe'dlva' (kt'dev'), n. Governor ; viceroy ; the 
title of the Turkisli governor of Egypt. 

Klha (kib), n. An ulcerated chilblain. 

Kick (kTk), t;. t. & i. [Kickbd (kTkt) ; Kick- 
iNO.] To strike with the foot. — n. A blow with 
the foot ; a recoil of a gun. 

Kid (ktd), n. A young goat ; leather ; a glove 
made of kid's skin. — v. i. To bring forth a kid. 

Kld'nap' (kYd'HSp/), 1'. /. [Kidnaped (-nSpt/) or 
Kidnapped; Kidnapino or Kidnapping.] To 
steal and secrete (a human b<»ing, — man, wom- 
an, or child). —Kld'nap'ar, Kldliap'par, n. 

fSm, Taoent, Orb, rude, f ^^ Am, food, fo'ot, oat, oil, eliair, go, sing, iQk, tl&fliif tlllll* 




Xld^!ll07 OLid'nf)y n. / pi, KromETs (-nTs). One ct 
two glands which secrete urine and other waste 
products of the body ; disposition ; sort ; kind. 

KOI (kTl), V. L [KiLLKD (klld) ; Killino.1 To 
deprive of liie ; to slay ; to destroy. — Klll'eT, n. 

Kiln (kTl), n. Large stove or oven for hardening, 
burning, or drying anything ; pile of brick for 
burning or hardening. 

XIOO (ken«), KU'0-^nun (kTl'e-grSm), KU'O- 
gramme, n. Metric measure of weight, being 
1,000 gnrams, or 2.20466 pounds avoirdupois. 

KU'0-li'tor (kTFft-le'tSr or kT-151'T-t8r), Ul'o-ll'- 
tie, n. A metric measure of capacity, equal to 
a cubic meter, or 264.18 American gallons of 
231 cubic inches. 

Sil'O-me'tor (kTl'^-mS'tSr or kT-15m^-t8r), Kll'O- 
me^tie, n. A metric measure of length, being 
1,000 meters, or 3,280.89 American feet, or 
.62137 of a mile. 

Sil'O-Btne (kIl'6-stSr' or Hst&r'), n. A metric 
measure of volume, containing 1,000 cubic 
meters, or 36,315 American cubic feet. 

Silt (kTIt), n. Scottish HigUander's short petti- 
coat; filibejg^.— 1*. t. To tuck up (a skirt, etc.). 

KI-UKKiio (kl-miyno), n. A loose Japanese robe. 

Sin (kTn), n. & a. Kindred. — Sins'! olk^ (kTnz'- 
fok'), n. Relations. — Slns'man, n. m., Sins'- 
wem'an, n. /. One related by blood.— Sin'- 
gUp, n. Relationship. 

Sind (kind), a. Having feelings befitting our 
common nature ; congenial ; sympathetic ; be- 
nevolent ; generous ; tender ; affectionate. — n. 
Race ; epecies ; style ; character ; manner. — 
Sind'ly, adv. — Sind'neis, n.— Sind'-heart'- 
ed (-hari/Sd), a. Having a kind nature. 

Sin'der-gaz'ten (kTn'dgr-gar^tSn), n. School 
where children are trained by observation, imi- 
tation, construction, and play. — Sin'dor-gart'- 
ner (-gait/nSr), n. A kindergarten teacher. 

Sin'dle (kTn"d'l), r. /. [Kikdlkd (-dUd) ; Kin- 
dling (-dlTng).] To set on fire; to light; to 
inflame ; to exasperate ; to rouse ; to provoke. — 
V. t. To take fire ; to be excited ; to grow warm. 

Sind^y (kindlj^), a. [Eindlibb; Kindliest.] 
Sympathetic ; genial ; benevolent ; gentle. 

Sindly, adv., Sind'ness, n. See under Kind, a. 

Sin'dred (kTn'drgd), n. Relation by birth or 
marriage ; consanguinity ; kin ; relationq. — a. 
Related ; congeniiU ; akin. 

Sine (kin), n.ypl. of Cow, n. 

Sl-ne'to-scope (kt-ne'ti-skop), n. A machine to 
produce moving pictures. 

Sing (kTng), n. A sovereign ; a monarch ; a play- 
ing card having the picture of a king ; the chief 
piece in the game of chess ; a crowned man in 
game of checkers. — Singly (-1^), a. Royal ; 
regal ; befitting a king. ^ adv. Royally. — 
Smg'dom (-dfim), n. Dominion of a king; 
monarchy; extensive scientific division or de- 

Smg^sb'er (kTng'fTsh'er), n. A bird of many 
species, feeding on fish, reptiles, insects, etc. 

Sink (kTnk), n. A twist or loop in a rope or 
thread ; a crotchet ; a whim. — v. i. [Kinkxd 

(kTnkt) ; Kxhxihg.] To twist wpoat . 
Sink'y (-j^), a. Full of kinks or curia ; 
queer; crotchety. 

Sl'&O (ki'nft), n. The dried juice of oertain plants, 
used in tjuining and dyeing and as medicine. 

Sini^Olk, Sins^ian, etc. See under Knr, n. 

SlpCkTp), n. The skin of a young beast. ~ Slp'- 
Bkin^ (-skTn'), n. Leather preps red from the 
skin of young cattle, intermediate between calf- 
skin and cowhide. 

Kif^Vn (kTp'per), n. A salmon after spawning ; 
fUso, a salmon split open, salted, and dried or 
smoked, —v. /. To cure (fish). 

Silk (kSrk), n. The church (in Scotland) ; the 
Scottish established church. 

Sil/nieBS (kSr'mSs), n. A festival ; a fair. 

SlSS (kTs), V. t, & i. [Kissed (kTst) ; KxssiHe.] 
To salute with the lips. ^ n. A salute with the 
lips pressed together ; a small piece of confec- 

Slt(kTt), n. A kitten. 

Sit (kTt), 91. A small violin. 

Sit (kTt), n. A large bottle ; a tub ; pail ; box for 
tools ; necessary outfit for a workman ; a ff roup 
of separate things or persons. 

Sitoll'en (kTch'Sn), n. The room appropriated to 
cookery. — Sltoken garden. Oarden for rais- 
ing vegetables for the table. — S***?*fT* Itlltt. 
Fat collected from pots, etc. 

Site (kit), n. A rapacious bird of the hawk kind ; 
a rapacious person ; a light frame of wood cov- 
ered with paper, for flying in the air ; fictitious 
commerciid paper. 

Sltten (kTft^n), n. A young cat. — v. /. A i. 
To bring forth (kittens). 

Snack (nXk), n. A toy ; knickknack ; aptnc 
skill ; dexterity ; a device ; trick. 

Snag (nSg), n. A knot in wood ; 
of a deer's horn. — Snag'gy (nSg'