Skip to main content

Full text of "A dictionary of the english language...: to which is prefixed, a ..., Volume 2"

See other formats

This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 
to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 
to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 
are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other marginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 
publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing this resource, we have taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 

We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain from automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attribution The Google "watermark" you see on each file is essential for informing people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liability can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at http : //books . google . com/| 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

i n.jiuiiiBinmiwinppHimqpqpaatpMBBi^Mpi 



/ A'^^»<- 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

'i : 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


Digitized by CjlOOQlC 


O F T Hft 



Irhe WORDS are deduced from thcif ORtdiNALi; 
Explained in their Different Meaning^ 

A N 6 

Authorized by the NAMES of the WRITERS 

in whofe Works they arc found. 
Ab(lra£led from iheFbLio Edition, 

By the A u T H o R 


To which is prefixed, 



VOL. U. 

The Third Edition, corrcfled. 

Printed for A. MiLtAk ; W, Strahan; J. Rivington ; J. Hin* 
TON; R! Baldwin ; J. Dodsley; L. Hawes, W. Clarke 
and R.Collins 5 R. HorsfIeld; W.Johnston; T.Lowndes; 
T. Longman; B. Law; andM. Richardson. ' 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

< .. .J. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 





L A B 

L'A <^^uid confonant) whkh pte- 
fcrirts always the fame foona in 
1^ Bag^iik. 

J- At ^t end of a mono^llable it 
Is 4ways douibJed j as, A»//> /fiUi except 
ftftpr a di|rhlBong ^ ns,^'/,/ee/. In a^ord 
of more fyilables it is wntten finglej fts, 
cbtnnel^ can^l. It is fometitnes puc before 
9, ai)d A)unded leeUy after it j as, ^i^, 

LA. iiiterjeS, See $ look j behoM. 

LA'BDANUM. /. A re^a of tbenbfter 

kind, of a fhong aiid oot onpleafant AnelJ, 

and an Naromatick, but not agre^ble tafte. 

Thl8Ji4ceex(Qdates from a low ipreiding 

ihn^., df the ci0us kind, in Crete. ittiU 
To LA'BEPy'. y. >. {/lii^j^w, Latin.] To 

weaken 5 to impstir. " 
LA^EL. /. [^ir//iHw, Latin. J . 

X. A fmall flip or fcrip.of wj-itiffg, 

, ' Shakefieare^ 

2» Any thitlg Appendant to r larger woting. 

3. flnlsiVfkJ A nartow (lip of paper or 
^f clement affixed to a. deed or writing, in 
orderto hold the appending feal. Harris, 

LA'fttNT. a, [lahens^ Latin.] SlidStiri 
gliding; itippiftg. J>i&, 

LA^BlfiL. k, IkaiiiUsyLitm.} Uttcrea by 
^elips. mider. 

JLAfBfAT^D. a, flahiunh Latm.] Fonhed 

JLA'8fQ0CNTAL. tf. [tdmm znd Jmtalls^ 
Lait.3 ^ofmed or ptonounced by the co- 
Ctperation of the ItpB and teeth. Hcid&, 

t AnO'RAKT. /. llahortiHr^ Latin.] A cfaf * 
mift. i?oy^. 

JLA'BORATORY. /. llaBoratoirt, French.] 
^cKemia^s workr^ottH ^^, 

Vot. II. 


LABCRIOUS. tf..[/ir^ori«y,Frencilj7^^« 
rkfus, Latih^ J 

1, Diligent in work j a^div>as. .Jair^. 
«. Requiring labour j tbefom.e 5 not ea^. 

LABO'kjOUSLT. ad, [from h^ol^A 
With l,abour j with toil. Dtaty ofPiesiL^ 

LAB0'RI0USN:ES$. /: {from laMwt.y 
X. Toilfomenefi j 4ifficui.t7* 

Decay of PlOf^ 

2. Diligence) tffidoity. 

tA'BOUR. /.[lake^r, French; l<dor, LttJ 
I. The aa of doing What requires apain- 
fnl exertion of fl^pength j pains j toil. 

1. Work to be done. ^oo^ar* 

5. txercifc j motion with foroe degree of 
violence. fiinw* 

4. Childbirth 5 travail. Sou&m 

To LA'BOUR* <r. n. [kboro, Latin.] , 
t. To toil { to aft with painful effort, ' 

, «. To do work ; to take pains. Xrc/^ 
j. -To move with' difficulty, Grflnvme^ 

4. To be 4ifeafed with. Bn. Jnhnfofi^ 

5. To be in diftrefs j to be prefTctf. Waku 

6. To be in child-birth} to be in travail. 

To l^A'BOUR. ^. ir. ^^^^* 

1. To woik at 5 10 frtcre witfi diiHcnlty. 

2, To beat j U^ belaboitr. PhdiH^ 
LA'BOUR^R. /, [^Vrarr, Freftch.J ^ 

1. One who la employicd in cotrfe att«\ton- 
A)me work. Snv0^ 

t. One who takes pains in any employ* 

. meat. GranviUe. 

tA'BOURSPME. tf. [ftomiifAwrr.] Ata4e 
with great labqor'and diligence. Sbakeh. 

lA^BKA.f. [Spanish.] A Up. Sbahjj^g^ 
4 A J«A'BY« 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



LA'BYRINTH. /. [itihynntbus, hztin.'] A 
masej a place formed with inextricablQ/ 
.win4«ng«. 'Donne, Denbami 

J-AQ*,/!.; I.<i«rjf of tjiree forts. i.Theftick 
'lac, ' %, The feed lac^ «. l^lie Ifcell /rff, 


LACJB. [/tfftf^, French,] 

J. A ftring ; a pord* Sftenfer^ 

2. A fnare ; a gin, Fairfax^ 

3. A plotted firing, with which women 
. tafien their clothes. «- Swift* 

^ 4, Oroameiits of fine thread curioufly 
woven. Bacon, 

5. Texture of thread with gdld or filver. 
^ / . Herbert, 

^. Sugar. A cant word. Prior, 

To LACE. V, a, [from the noun.] 

1. To faften with a ilriDg run through eilet 
^oles. Congre^t* 

a. To adorn with gold ot filver textures 
fwed on. „ - Sbake^eare, 

3. To embelliiK with variegations. 

/ 4. To beat. L^Mfirange. 

LA'CED Mutton, An 61d word for a whore. 

> , . Sbakejffare. 

LA'CEMAN. /. [lauandman,] Qne,who 
deals in lace. - Addifon, 

L A'CERABLE. a, [from lacerate.'] Such fs 
. may be torn. ' Harvey. ^ 

To LA'CERATE. 'v, a, \Jacero^X^K\nA To 
tear; to rend. - Derpam, 

^ACERA'TION." /. [horn lacerate.] The 
aft of tearing or rending j the breach made 

LA'CICEY. /. [lacquah, French.] An at-» 
tending fervant ; a foot-boy. Droden^ 

To LA'CKEY. «. a, [from the noun. J To 
attend feryilely, Mihortm 

To L A'CKBY. V. «. To aft as a ftwt-boy 5 
to pay fervile attendance^. ' Sandysm 

t A'CKLINEN. a. ^ack and /ww.] Want- 
ing ihirts. Sbakefpeare, 

LA'CKLUST^E. a. [/j^iJ and /«>e.] Want- 
ing brightnefa, Shakefpearem 

LACCXNICK. tf.>[/tf««/Vx«, Latin.] -Short J 
brief. Pope^ 

LA'CONISM. /. [laconiftne, French.] A 
coftcife ftile. Collier, 

LACO'NICALLY. ad. [from laconicLj 
Briefly ; concifely. CamXenm 

LA'CTARY. a. (laais, Latin.] Milky. 


LA'CTARY. /. [kaarium, Lat] A dairy 

LACTA'TIOJ^. /. [hac^ Latin.] The aft 
or time of giving fudc. 

LA'CTEAL. a, [from /tf^, Latin.] Convey- 
ing chyle. ' 7^0<^. 

LA'CTEAL. /. The veffel that conveys 
chyle. ' A-butbfuitm 

LACTE'OUS. a, [laSeus, Latin,] '^ ' 
I. Milky. Brawn* 

a. Lafteal ; conveying chyle. Bensley, 

LACTE'SCENCE,/. [i^a^tf/co^Lat^uJ ten- 
dency to milk, Boyltm 

LACTE'SCENT. a. [laaefcens^ Lat.] Pro- 
ducing milk. Arhuthnot, 

LACTIFEROUS, a. f/^r and/*rfl, Lati%] 
What conveys or brings ;nilk, ' Ray* 

LAtX. /. [Ico'&er, Saxon.] - 

1. A boy J a iiriplii^g^ in fanuliar language. 

. . ^ ■ JTatts, 

2. A boy, in paficral language. Spertfcr, 
LA'DPER. /. [hlabjie, Saxon.] 

I. A frame made with fieps placed betwean 
t Wo upright pfeces. Gullrver^sTrav, Prior, 
a. Any thing by which one climbs. 

. gr, A gradual rifk. Swift, 

LAJ'E. /. The mouth of a river, froru the 
Saxon la'oe, which fignifies a purgTng or 
difcharging. Glffon, 

To LADE. v. a, 'preter. and part, ' pa^ve, 
laded or W<«. [hla'&en, Saxon.] 
^. TToloadj to freight 5 to burthcm , 
' Bacon, 

^, [hlaban, to draw, Saxon.] To heave 
out ; to throw out. Temple, 

LA'DING. /. [frojni ktde.] .Weighfj buf- 
then.'^ ' ' Swifts 

LA'DLE. jC [hjable^ Saxon.) 

I, A l?rge fpoofl^ ; a vefle^ with a long 
hajidie, uied in tirowin^ out any liquid. 
. ' * ' Prif. 

a. The receptacles of a mill wheel, into 
\yhich the water falling turns it^ 

LA<D^. /. [hl«^*DiXj,^ Saxon,} 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

. t^A^U 

t'A M 

9«^A WPman of hrgfa rank: the title of 
faJy properly Wongs . to the wives* of 
knights, of all degrees above them, and'to 
^he daugh^ert of earls, and all of higher 
TanlUt^ ^ KmgCbctrl^ 

%, An iliuflrions or eminent woman, ^ 

' 3. A word of complaifance ufed of woniea* 


Jl.A'Dy^BEPSTMW.. /. IG^ffium, Latin.] 

A plant. Miflef. 

1 A/nv pnvr I /• 
XA'DyJFLy^J «^^^ ^-^• 

aA'Dy-DAY, /.. [At^ and<%.J TTie day 

ciii which the annunciation of the bleflbd 

virgiJi is celebrated. 
LA'DYrUKE. a. [A»i^ jind //**,] poft^j 

delicate; clegapt. Dtyden. 

l-A'DY.MANTLE. /. A plant. mUr. 
LA'DySHlP. /. [from /fli/jr.] The title of 

a ladj'. Ben Jobnfon, 

LA'DY's-SLIPPER. /. A flower. Miler, 
I.-<^a>y*s.^MOCK. /. A flower. 

.tA<3, tf, [/fl||^, S^ediih, thcend.] , , 
.4. Qoming behind } falling (hort. Carew^ 
a. Sbggi& 5 flow J tardy. 
^ Skakejpeare^ Dryden, 

%, Xait ; Io;ig delayed. Sbakefpearc, 

Xi The low^ft clafs ; the rumo ; the f^ 
fnd. * 'Sbakefpean» 

^, Ife that.comef lai|^ or hangs behind. 

To Lag. v. «. 

1. To loiter ; to move flowly. Dryden, 
%p Tq i}ay behind : ;iot to ^opie in, 

. ^ . ' ' ' ' ^ . Swrft. 

•liA'CGER. /. [from/dg.] J^lolXtttr-^ aa 

XA'ICAL. si ptf^x^tf^ French 5 laUus, Lat] 

Xd^."} Belonging to the laity, or people as 

• diftin^ from tl^e clergy. Camden* 
Laid. Preterite participle of lay, Stuifi, 
LAIN. Pi-eterite participle of fye, • Boyle, 

;LAIR. /. [hi, Frepch.J The couch of a 

boar, or wild beaft. " Milton. 

LAIRD. /. [hlapojil>, Saxon.] The lord of 

* a manor in the 3cott;lh dialed. 

LA^Ty. /. [X^ie^.] 

%, The people as diftloguiihed fr^m the 
clergy, ■ S^'tft, 

2. The ftate of a layman. . >*f/j^. 
Lake, /a [lac, French 5 lacus, Latin.] * 

' . i. A large difl^ufion of inland water. t)ryd, 
a. A fmall.plaih of water. 
5.. Amid^e colour, betwixt ultram trine 
•".' and vermilion. Dryden, 

LAMB. /^ [lamb, Gothick and Saxon.*} 
" r. Th^ young of a Ihcep. fope, 

•- 'ir Typically, the Saviour of the world. 
Common Prayer, 

LA'MPKIN, /. Ifromlamb.] A little lamS. 

LAOMBATIVE. a, [from lambo, Latin, t^ 

fick.] Taken by licking. Brvam4 

LA'MBATIVE. /. A medicine taken bj 

licking with the tongue. - Wifemam 

LAMBS- WOOL, /. [lamb and wel] Ale 

mixed with the pulp of roafled appfet, 

iScn^ flf the King andtbe Milftr^ 
LA'MBENT. a. \hmbens, LaHn.] Playing 
about ; gliding over without harm. 

- Drydn^ 

LAMBOIT>AL a, [Uf^H and iM^,\ 

. Having the form of the letter lamda oi* 4.* 

<LAME. a. [laam, lama, Saxon.] 
I. Crippled 5 difabled in the limbt. 

" Dankl. ArbtttbnPU P^ 

%, Hobbling'; not fmooth 3 alluding ro the 

' feet of a verfe. Drydtn^ 

3. Imperfc£^5 unratisfiftory. BacoiU 

To LAME, V. ai [from the adjeftivc.] To 

cripple, Sbahi^re, 

LA'MBLLATED. a, fiijw^^ii, Latin.] Of 

vered with Alms or plater. Derhatim 

LA'MELY. a. [from tamk,'\ • 

1. Like a cripple ; without natural force 1^ 
a4\ivity. IFifeittanm 

2. Impcrfe£lly. Drydtn^ 
LA'MENESS./. [frem lame.] 

I. Theflatc (ff a cripple j lofs or inabflitj 
of limbs. DrydeUm 

S. Imperfed^ion ; weakaefs. Dryden. 

To LAMENT. «. «, [lamentcr, Latin.} To 
mourn ; to wail ^ to' grieve { to exprefs 
forrow. • Sbakefpeote, MUton, 

To LAMEinr. V, a. To bewail 5 to monrn ; 
to bemoan ; to forroW for^ Drydettm 

LAME'NT. /. [lamentum, Latin.] 

1, Sorrow audibly exprefled \ lamentation. 


2. ExpreflioB of ibrrow. Sbakefptart, 
LA'MENTABLE. «. [lamentabilU, LatinJ 

1. To be lamented j cauflng ibrrow. 


2. Mournful; forrowfnl; cxpreflUng fot. 
row. Siilnejm 

' '^. Miferable, in a ludicrous or low fenf^j 

pitiful. StiHinvJfeet, 

LA'MENTABLY. ad, {from lamen'table.] 

t. With expreflioAS or tbkent of forfow« 

I 1. So as to canfe forrow. Sbake^art^ 

3 . Pitifully J defpicaFWy. 
LAMENTATION. /. [lamentath, Lltin^] 

ExprefliOn of forrow^ j audible gri^. ' 


LAME/NTER./. [ft^mlMmem,] Hewbo 

monrrts or laments. Sptffgtor. 

LA'MENTINE. /. A fiih call-d a fca^o^ 

or manate?, which is near twenty ftct Jpng, 

the^ieadreiembling that of » cow, aixt two 

^ort feet, with wh;ch it creeps on the 

i ihallowt 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



fet&Hra and »ockt to get fbod ; Sat ftas no 
4Wis». •'^^ 

UtMiNA^ f, [LatiftJ i'liin flatej pne 
coat laid over another 

■fed ef liiofa Vodles whofe contexture dtico* 
ircri fitth a difpofittdn as tbatof plates Uing 
ovrr 6fie aiiothefe; SBarp, 

¥o LAMM. v» 4» To 1}eiiit ibtrnd)/ ^jitk 
a cod^i. ii)/;^. 

LA'MMAS./. t he fir ft of Augiift. Sacon. 

f^MP. /• [^m;^, FreiK;fa y hifmg,jMB.i 
z* A iighc made w^ith oU and a wick. 

%, ADyrfeindofiigh^ in-poeticallaflfiiagoy 
real or iinctapbori«al. .Rowe^ 

hMA^ASS.f. [lamfia^Fnhdi,] A lump 
ci ieih^ about the bigaefa of a amt, in.the 
foof of a horfe't mouth. Farrhrt iSiB, 

^'MPBLACi^ /» [40«^aj)d ^/o^i^.} It is 

, «|id6 bf holding a torch under the bottom 
^i a baibn, anifat it is Tuned ftrike it w:ith 
Hfeatherintoibme ikelf. Ptacbam* 

.I^A^PING. 4. [Xfl^^jM.] Shiniiigs 
iparkling. Sptn/er, 

JUAMPO^OK./. A pcrfonalfatirej abttfej 
cenfi^e written not to reform but to vex. 


to LAMPCyON.^ V.4' ffrom thenoun.J To 
iboie with peribnal iatiro. 

UiMPO'OHEk.f. [fromAzm/MM.] A tob- 
bier, of perfonal iatire* Toiler, 

.jUAfMPMY./. [/tfw/rg^,. French.] A «^ 
citttch like the «elf 

LA^MPKOti. f. . A kind of Tea m. 

Horn 6n the GdjJ/iiy* 

XANCE. f» fi^MV, French }• laMceot Latjn.] 
A longiipear. Si^^, 

To |#AKCC. V, «> .[from the noun.) 

t* To pierce ; to cot. Sbakefpeare^ 

8. To open cbinugitally } to cut in order 
to core. Dryden. 

XA'NCBLY. #« \in^hiMct,l Suiuble to a 
lesco. . ' Sidiuy* 

XhtiQlE.VZ'%Pjn,,f. l/aweeAt»x9te, Fr.l 
The officer under the corporal. C/eavtUna, 

.JU'NCKT. /. [Uneetfe, French.] A linali 
pointed chirurgical inftrument. fff^ifeman, 

T^LANCH. ^.a, (/tfuwr,- French, l^his 
w<ird.|9tlOO«ften«rUteii^M(^] To^artj 
to .caft as a lance. Pope, 

jbANCilM^IOK. /. fftomZfadm!, Latin.] 

Tearing; laceratioa. 
^To^LAOiClNATE. v. a, [(fimino, Latin.] 

To tear,;. to rend. 
.UkND./. [Um1>, Gothick.] 

1* AooiNttry;ajfgloojdsftuidlT0mothfr 
CMiitriee. Spenfer, 

s. 1^rth»di|lfiiafromwat]er. Sid. JtUhf. 
3. CSHMid ; furfieeof the place. L§cig, 
4; 4Ui dUte leal and kuBomble. 

$• Itttioni people* Jh^dtn^ 

To LAND, v.,^* (Yrom tl^ noun,] Taftt 

OttihOtCi. P^4€rtm 

To LaNP. ^. *f. To come to Ao^e. Baton* 

LAND-FORCES. /•[/a«</and/irr^ J War- 
like powers not naval ; foldiers that <trf9 
ori land. TV^v^^* 

LA'NDED. tf. [from /d«^.] Mating a fois ' 
tune in land. SbMttmrmm 

tA/NDFALL./. |ftf»t/and/rf//.] A iuddett 
translation of property ii^ laad'by the o^tl^ 
of a #ich man* 

LA^DFLOOD. /. Ihnd zn6 Jf49d,'\ Inuiw 
dattMi, Qttria^9H» 

LA'NDGRAVE* /« {iatiJ^ and moifj a 
count, German.] A CermAfi title of .4!o« 


lA^NDtiOLDER./. [WaodMi^.] One 

whofe fortune is in land. iMck^^ 

LA^ND JOBBER./. [/tfWand;^.] One whf* 

buys and felfs land's for other men« S<wtfi* 
LA'NDJTNG. 7 /. rf»om Aw*/.] The 

LA'NDING-PLACE.S top of ftairs. 

hA^ [Wand/tfA»1 

I. A woman who has tenants hoUioefiioai 


3. The miftrefs of an ipn* Sifftfim 

LA' [froih/aff(f.] Widloiit pr<|. 

peity: without. fortune. Siudufp^are^ 

LA'NDLPCKED. a. Uand^ilock^ ^hut 

in, or incloied.with W<1* Mda£on^ 

rA'NDLOPER,/. [Af»^and /w/«i, Dutch.] 

A landman ; a term of reproach ofed-^ 

fea«ea of' thofe Vfho pafs their lives &bl 

LANDLORD. /. \Und and /orif.} 

1. One -who ownsiaod or ^ou£m Speifer* 

%, The mafter of an inn. Jdd^on» 

LA'NDMARK. /. [Und wnA ,mank.} Axff 

thing fet up to picferve boundarict. 

LA'NbSCAPE. /. [luMdicbape, Dutch.] : 

Z« A region ^ the prpfpef^ of a country* 
Miltotu Addifot^ 

a. A pi£lure, representing an extent o£ 

Ipace^ with the various ob]e£fcs in it« 

Addifiu* Pop€^ 
•LANIXTAX./. [ArWand/**.] Tat laid 

upon land and houfoi. Lteh, 

LAND^WAITER. /. llami and t»*fftrr.| 

An oftcer of the cufto'ms^ who is to wf ten 

what goods are landed. iwi/t* 

LA'NDWARP. ad. [from Uitd,} Towar^ 

the land. S^9^im 

LANE./, [/tfifir, Dutch.] 

I« A narpow way between hedges. 

«. Anarrowftrttt;'anaIley. ^mm 
3. A pailage between men iUfldliif,oii each 
fide. Jl^cet* 

LA'NERET. /. A little hawk. 

LA'NGUACE. /. Itaf^age, French.] 

s, Hoawt 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

h A .N 

L A P 

/ I, Human fpeecb. Holdir, 

a. The^ tongue of one- nation as diAinct 
from othen* Shaie/teare, 

3^ Stile; manner of ezpreflion. Hojcomm, 

I«^'NGUAG£0. A [from the noun.] Hav- 
lAg various languages. Pope, 

LA'NGUAGE-MASTEll. /. [lar^uage and 
j9tfa;/&r.J One whoTe proiiffion is to teach 
languages. SptQator, 

X4'NGUET. /. [laegueue, French.] Any 
t&ing cut in the form of a tongue. 

LANGUID, a, [ianguidus, Latin.} 

r» FaiQt J weak ; feeble. . Bentltf* 

. a. Dull; heartlefs, uiddifin^ 

lA^GUIDLY, tfi. [from Aiflg^tf*/.} Weak. 
ly ; feebly. BoyU^ 

LA'NGUIDNES^./. [from lar^u'id.'l Weak- 
nefs; feeblenefs. 

To LANGUISH. «. «. [iii«gir»-, French j 
langueo, Latin.] 

X. To grow, feeble. J, to pine away j tolofe 
ftrength. ^ Dry4en, 

a. To be no longer vigorous in motion. 

J. To fink or pine under forrow. Shakefp, 
4, To look with foftncfs or tendernefs. 

Dry den. 

jUVNGUISH. /. [from the verb.] Soft ap- 

pear^nce. , Fej>t, 

LA'NGUISHINGLy. ad. [from laajguijb- 

J. Weakly i feehlyj with feeble foftnefs. 


a. Dully -y tedioufly. ^Sidney* 

La'NGUISHMENT. 7. I langBrfanenf, 

. 1, State of, pining. Spenfer. 

2, Softnefs of mien, Dryden, 

LA^GUO^./. [iangtfor^Xatiji.l Languor 

and la0ytude iignifies a £ain,tnefsa which 

m^ay arife from want or decay of fpirits. 

. . J . ' ^uufcy, Dunciad, 
LA'NpUOROUS. fl. [languoreuxy French.] 

^e^QMSj nieUi^choly. - , Spenfir^ 
Tjo^.A'NIAtE'. v.a, [Iam\ Latin.] To 
. te^^piepetj to rend j to lacerate. 
jQi^'NIF^CE; /. [/tf«i>/«/w, Latin.] . Wool- 

len manufafturc. ' 1 . Bactn, 

4«A1HQER.0US. a. [lamger^ Latin.] Bear- 

' ,^g wool. 
'i^JS^. a, [lanke, Dutph.] 

Mm < |«Ool« i not filled up j not ftif&9Cfl;out ; 

. \ar Faint j languid. Mi/ion, 

i^^m. /••[from M^l .Want of 

LA'NNER. ff {/^^If?/-,- French J lannarius, 

La^n.l^ A fpecies of hawJ^ 
;ttdl§(^NET,/. . 
"^j^A common foot foldiCs, , 

^. A tfanfparent cafe fur a caadle^« f^ck^* 

2. Alightboafe; alight hung out to gni^le 
fliips. ' .«AMr/itt. 

LA^NTERN^wi. A thin viikge. Addkn. 

LA'NUGINOUS. *. [kmtginoju^ Latin.]. 
Downy : covered with ibfc haw. 

LAP. /. (isPHe, Saxon.] 

X. The l«o(e part of a garmtoty which any 
be doubled at pleaiuvt. Swift* 

a. The part of the cloth<Pt that is fpread 
horizontally over the knees. Sksk^ptan^ 

To LAP. V, a, [from the noun.] 

J, To wiaf ortwift loond any thinf. t 

2. To involve in any thing* Sw'^t, 

To LAP. V. »• To be fpread or twified over 

any thing. s Crnum 

To LAP. V. If. [lappian, Saxon*] To he4. 

by quick recipiocatioM of tht tongue. 

To LAP. f». «. To U«k op. Chapman* 

LA^PDOG. /. [^/> and 4%.} A little dog« 

fondled by ladies in tht Up. Dryden. 

LAPFUL. /. [lap and Jutt.} Ai much at 

can be contained ix^ the lap. Lock^ 
LA'PICIDE. /. [/<}/«Viia;Ladn.] Afioae.- 

cutter. Di&* 

LA'PIDARY. /. [lapidatre, French.] ©na 
who deals in fiones or gems. JVoAward* 

To L A'PIDATE. v. a. [lapido, Latin.] To 
ilone ^ to kill by ftoniag. 

LAPIDA'TION. /. [iapidatio, Lat. iapida* 
tiMf French.] A Zoning. ' 

LAPI'DEOUS. a, [lapideus, Latin.] Stony; 
.of the nature of fionc.- Ma^ 

LAPIOrSCENCE. /. [lapidefco, Latb.J 
Stony jconcretion. Bro^p^ 

LAPIDE^CENT. «. [lapidefcem, Latin.] 
Growing or turning to fto«9. 

LAPIDIFICA'TION. /. [iapidjficatkn, Ff .J 
The a£l of forming ftones. Baton* 

LAPJDI'FICK. a, {lapidifiquo, Fr.] Fortn- 
ing ftones. .. Grmv* 

LA'PIDIST. /. [from hpidis^ Latin.] A 
dealer in ftones or gems. Ray* 

LiJ'P/5./. [Latin.] A ftooe. 

LA'PiS Lazuli, -. Azure fton^ a copper or^ 
very compa^ and hard, fo as to take a 
high poUHiy and i» worl^ed into a ^re^ 
variety of toys. To it the painters are in- 
debted for their beautiful ultra^marine 
colour, whici^ is only 9, caleiaation of hpit 

LA'PPER./. [firom/^.J 

1. One who wraps up. ^^iffi 

2. Qne «^o laps, or li^ks. 

LA'PPET. /. [diminutive of iii/.] Thc|Jartt 
of a heaA-dr^fs that |iang4oofe> ^^Mi^ 

LAPSE.,/. [Ww, Latin.] , . 

I. Flpw J fall 5 glide. ; vja*&, 

a* Petty errour | imalt m&tkii .. 


3. Ti^at^fi^tjuonofright^romoat.tiMo^er. 
To I^PS£« "v. >?. [from the no«ii,J^ .j 

4 I V r/i. Ta 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



To f^e flowly ^ to fall by degre«|. 

To flip \(f inadYcrtency ot; mifiakc 

To lofe the 'proper tHne. AjUfff, 

To fail by thej^gligenceof one proprie- 

tor to another. 


J.5. To fall from nerfe^ion, truth or faith* 

Vr St'tifinrfliet. 

LA'PWING* /. [hf ana tm>^.] A clamo^ 

iroos bird with long wings. Dryden, 

j'PWORl^. /. [U]> and twHL] Work in 

Vhich one part is interchangeably wrapped 

fiver the other. Grt%v* 

rRBOARD. /. The left-hand (ide of a 

1itp» when ypu ftand iwith year face to thc^ 

^^ead. Harris » Mitt»tu 

l-A^CENV./. [!aTci9t French 5 htrocinium, 

-^'Latin.J Petty theft. Spt^ator, 

BARCH. /. [/*Wic, tttin,] A tree. ^ 

E,ARD. /. \lardu»i Latin.] 

i' I, Th< grcafe of fwinp. Dome* 

i 2. Bacon) ibeileihof fwhie. t>ry^t^% 

foLAFLD. n),s, [A«:<f«fr, FrpnchTj 

- |. To ftuflTwtfhbacoQ, JtT/fff, 

%, To fatten, ShaUJvare', 

.3. To mk wi«h fbttiethiiig e4fe by way of 

improvement, Shakejfeare, 

liA'RDER. j, [hrdier, oM French J The 

room where inc*t is kept pr falted^ 

LA'RDERER./. [from larder,'} One>vho has 

the charge of the larder. 
L/IRDON, /. [French.] A bit of bacon. 
LARGE, a, [targt, French.] " 

I. Big; bulky, Tffrfle, 

». Wide ; extensive. Carnv, 

3. Liberal J abundant J plentifpl. Thomfon* 
^. Copkms J diftwfe. ' C/^remfoH, 

5 . ^r L A R G c . Without reftraint. 

^. ^/Larg*. Diffufively. ff^atts, 

LA'R<3ELV. ad. [from large.} ' 
|. Widely j extenfjvely, 
^. Cppiouflyj diffufcly. Jt^atH, 

3. Liberally j bounteou/ly. 5««/^. 

4. Abundantly. " Mihott, 
lA'RCiENESS. /. [from largtA 

I. Bi|n«i«} bulk/ "^ 5^^/. 

ft. Gr^atnefej elevation. Collier, 

^. Xxrenfion ; «ii.p|ittide. Hooker, 

4. Wideiieft. J?*Wtfy. 

LARGESS. /. f/tfrf^, French.] A pre- 
sent J a gift ; a bounty. Durkim, 

LARGI'f ION./. [/tf»rf/itf, Latin.] The a« 
of giving. i)/i?, 

L^^RK. /, [lap^fice, Sajron.] A ftnai Ring- 
ing bird. ' Sh^effemre, Cewl^f, 

tA^RKER. /. {from brk.] A catcher of 

l-A'RKSPUR. /. A plapt. ^ filler. 

lA'R VXtEO. a. IfawatMs, Latin.] Maiked. 
tAfRUAl. /. {ffOA iflarem, orWam,] A- 

hrm ; nolfe ootiiis danger. ^ ^ofOeL 

LAKYftmotOMY,/, Ikdfuyi ^tA^tifMimi 
larmoftmte, French.] An operation irherft 
the tore-part pf the britn is diviM to aT- 
fift re%iratioi)> during hj^ tottours uppii' 
the upper .psut9j a^t in t qwftcey. 

LA'RYNX, /. [i^ftW.] Theupper^l^ 
the trachea, which lies, below the root of 
the tongue, before the pharyiut. Dp^ham* 

LASCITIENT. a. [/f^rvifw, Ut.J Fro- 
lickfome; irantoning. 

LASCIVIOUS, a, [kfiUm, Utia.] 

X. Leud; luftful. SJ^ke/pufre^ 

t. Wanton; foft : lHxvrioa$. SbakSpeare* 

LASCKVIOUSNESS. /. [from lajfdwous.^ 
Wantonneft; loofeneft. Dryderim 

LASCi'VlOUSLY. ad. [ftora U^civmi.l 
Lendly; wantonly; h>ofe]y, 

LASH./. [ /c^wi, Dutch.J 

|. A ftroke with any thin^ pliant and 
-tough. Dryderim 

^. The tho<^ or point of tho whip. 


3. A leafh, or ftrlog in which an anxma) is 
held. ^wje'r. 

4. A ftrpi^e of fs^r j a fafcafm. 

To LASH. v» fx. [from the noun.' J 

1. To ifafike Mnth any thing pliant; tc» 
fcourge. Gartbm 

2. To move yrith a fodden fpring or jirk* 


3* To beat I to firike with a iharp found* 


4. To fcourge with fatire. Pope, 

. 5. To tie any thing down to the fide or 

mail of a ihip. 
To LASH. V. n* To ply theinrhip. Cay, 
LA'SHEfl./. [from i^. J O^e that whips or 

i.ASS. /. A girl; a maid} a young. wo* 
, roan. Phillips. 

LA'SSITUDE. / [laj/itado, Latin.] Weari- 

nefi Y fatigne. Bihre^ 

LA^SSLORB^. a. [l»fi and /«n».T Forfaken 

by his miftrefs^ TSbakeffeark, 

LA^T. f. [la^ft, Saxon.] 

I . Lateft ; that which follows tSl the reft 

in time. ^ff* 

3. Hindmoft; which follows in order of 

]. Beyond which there is no more. 


4. Next hefbre the preienty as A^ week. 

e, Utmoft. Drydem, 

i. jttJuAzr* Inconclufioni attheeni* 
^ Geneju* 

7. 7i^ Lasts the cad. Pope* 

LAST. ad. 
X. The laft time ; the time oe^t hefer^ the 
prefe;nt. ' BhakefpeoH, 

a. Iacond<|fios/ pryden* 

^ ■ ■' '• . ■ T?j 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

t At 

L At 

Tb Last. «. «. fl^^taii, $sun>o4 Td eii- 
iwte. ) to cniituiM. £^^. 

last//". [l«r«, Siaton.J 

I. Tne moirfd on whkft Aoes are formtd, 

m. fli^p German.] A load \ t certain 
< wfl^t or meafuiv. 

tA^ST%^Y. /. A led cdonr* Spenfr. 
Ut^STAGE. f, i^agf, French j Wappt, 
''^toon, a lOM. J " - ' 

1. Cuftom paid for fi-eightage. 
3. Theballa^of a Aip. 
LA'STING. fiartUit. a^ [from i5»/?.] 
f. Continamg; miralile. 
s.' Of long, continuance ; peittetual. BfsyU, 
LA'STINGLY. ad. [from kft'tng.^ Pcrpe- 

LA'STmCKESS, /. [from tafi'tng.1 Dnr- 
ablenefs } condnaance. Siaruy, Newton* 
t A/STLY . ad. [from A^;] 

I. In the laft place. Bacon* 

%. In the condufion j at lad. 

LAlt^H. /. rAr//r, I>?tcb.] A cftch of a 

door moved by a ftringor ahandle. S^matt. 

To LATCH. V. tf. [ffom the noon.} 

X • To faften with a latch. Lo^a. 

a. To faftenj to dofe. Sbakefpeare. 

L A'TCHBS. / Lateitet or laikets, in a Hup, 

are fmall lines like foops, f^flened bf <^- 

log into the booqets and drablers of a (hip, 

in order to lace the bonneti to the co^rfej. 

LATCHET. /. [facetf French.} The firing 
that fattens the iboe. Mark, 

LATE. tf. [la?t, SaxoJl.] 

s. Contn^y to early ; flow ; tardy ; long 
delayed. Milt^, 

a, Laft in any place, ofBce, or chan£ter. 

3. ' The dedcafed ^ as the worfcs of the late 
Mr. Pope. 

4. Far m the day or ni^t. ^ 

LATE, ad, 
t. After long detayaj after a long time. 


2. lit a latter feaibn. Bacons 

3. Lately ; not long ago. Spenfer, 
^ 4. Far in the day or night. Drydtn, 

LATED.-tf. [from late,} BcUtefl ; furprifed. 

by the night. Shakefpeare, 

LA'TELY. ad, [fnmtate.] Not long ago. 


liCTENESS. /. [from late.} Time frir ad- 

vaACfd . Swift, 

hkfTSHT, a, [fatenSf Latin.] Hidden 5 

* "'Concealed J fecret. TFoodward, 

LATERAL, fl. [/tffcrtf/, Freach>] 

t. Growing out on the fide ; belonging to 
the fide. Arhuthnot, 

S. Placed, or aKing in a ^reCiion perpen<i>' 
inmlar'to a horiiontal line. Milton^ 

XATERA'LITY. /. fftom latera!:'] The 
' quality of haviof diftinit fidO; Brown,' 

LA'TERALLY./ [from lateral'] By |1» 

fide J fidcwirc. Bolder, 

LA'TEWARD. ad. [hreznl |reij\t>, Saxon.] 

Soirewhat Jate. 
LATH. /. tlatta, Saxon.] A fmall long 

niece of wood ufed to fuppoit the tiki of 

honfei. Dryden, 

To LATH. V. a, [latter^ French \ from the 

nonn.] To fit op with laths. Mortimer, 
LATH. /. [Iae9, Sax.] A pMt of a countyi 

LATHE. /, The tool of a turn? r, by which 

he turns about his matter ib as to ihape it 

by the Cbizel. it«v« 

To LATHER, v. ir, [Iep^an^ Saxon.] To 

form a foam. Baynard, 

To LATHER, w. m. To cover with fuim 

of water and foap. 
liATHER. /. [from the ▼crb.] A fbam or 

fbthe made commonly by beating foap with 

LATIN, a* [tat'tnnuj Written cr fpoken 

in the langoage of the old Romans. Afcbam. 
LA'TINISM. /. UaOnHme, Frehch | latinif'^ 

^tti, low Latin. J. A Latin idiom ; a mode 

of f peedt peculiar to the Latin. Adatfon^ 
LATTNIST. /. One fltilled in Latin. 
LATl^lTY^* The Latin tongue. 
ToLATlNlrt. 'v.n. patinifer^ French*] 

To ufe words or phrafes borrowed from the 

Latin. Dryden^ 

To LATINIZE, v. a. To give names a Jatin 

termination ; to make them latin, ffatu, 
LAVISH, a, [itomlate.\ Somewhat Jate. 
LATIRO'STROUS. a. [latus and r^Jirum* 

Latin.] Broad*beaked. . Brown. 

LATITANCY. /. [from lathanx, Latin.] 

Delitefcence 5 die ftate of lying hid. Brown* 

LATITANT. a. [latitans, Latin. J Dclite- 

fccnt; concealed) lying hid. Boyle, 

LATITATION. /. [from Airi/«^ Latin.] 

The (hte of lyin^ concealed. 
LATITUDE. /. [latitude, French.] 

r. Breadth; width; in bodies of unequal 
dimeniions the fliorter axis. ^ottsn. 

2. Room ; fpace ; extent. Lecke. 

3. The extent of the earth or heavens, 
reckoned from the equator. 

4. A particular degree, reckoitcd from the 
equator. Addijbn. 

5. Vnreftraincd acceptation. King Ctarhu 

6. Freedom from fettled rules ; laxitv. 


7". Extent; diffufion. ^ Brcwn. 

LA'TITUDINARIAN. a, [latltndinarius, 

low Latin.] Not reftrained ; not confined. 

LA'TITVMNARIAN./. One who departs 

from orthodoxy. 
LA'TRANT. a. Uatrani, Latin.] Barking. 


^LATRP^f, /. |^«T,••w.] The higheftkind of 

fVOrfiitp. t-.. StiUirgJleH* 

4 B t LA'TTEN. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

L A U 


lA'TTEN. /. [/^re«, Fr.] Brafs; a mix- 
ture of copper and calaminaris ftone. 


XA'TTER. a, 

t. Happening after fomething elfe. 

%, Modem 5 lately done or paft, Locke, 

3. Mentioned laft of two. H^attt* 

LA'TTERLY. ad. [horn latter.'^ Of late. 

XA'TTICE. /. \Jattis, French.] A reticu- 
lated window ; a window m^de with flicks 
or irons crpiling each other at (jnall diftan- 
ces, Cleaveland, 

To LATTICE, v. a. [from the noun.] To 
decuffate ; to mark with croft parts like a 

tAVA'TION./. [iiio/ii/w, Latin.] The aft 
of wadiing. HaketvilL 

LATAtORY. /. [from lanjo, Latin.] A 
waih ; fomething in which parts difeafed 
are v^nsfhed. Harvey, 

tAUD. J[. [/aus, Latin.] 

r. Praifej honour paid; celebration. 

2. That part of divine woribip which con- 
fifts in praife. Bacon, 

To LAUP. v, a, [lauJo, Latin.] To praife ; 
to celebrate. 1 Batt/cym 

LA^UDABLE. a. [UudabUii, Latin.] 
I* Praife- worthy ; commendable. Locke, 
. z» Healthy ) falubrious. Arbuthnot, 

LAUDABLENESS. f, [from kuMle.J 
' LA'UDABLY. ad. [from laudahle.l In a 
manner deferving praiie. Dryden. 

LA'UDANUM. /. [from laudo, Latin. J A 
foporiiick tinAure. 

To LAVE. V. a. [hvoy Latin.] 

1. Towa/h; to bathe. Dryden, 

«. [Lever, French-] Jo throw upj to 
laMe ; to draw out. 

Ben, yobnfon, Vryderu 

To LAVE. V, «• To wafli himfelf 5 to 
' bathe. Pope, 

To LAVE'ER. 1/. ». To change the dire£tion 
often in a courfe. Drydcn, 

LA'VENDER. /. One of the verticiUate 
plants. Miller, 

LA'VER./.. [lavoir, French 3 from lave,\ 
.A wafliing veflel. Milton, 

To LAUGH. 1;. «. [hlahan, Saxo^j lachen, 

I. To make that nolfe which fudden mer- 
riment excites. Bficcn, 
a. [In poetry.] To appear gay, favour- 
able, pleaiant, or fertiJe. Sbakefpeare. 
5, To Laugn at. To treat with con- 
tempt; to ridicule. Sbakejpeare, 

To LAUGH. V, a. To deride 5 to.fcorn. 


LAUGH. /. [from the verb.] The convul- 
iion caufed by merriment $ an inarticulate 
cxprcffioa of fu<Jd?n merriment, f^tpc. 

LAOTGHABLE. a, [from Utt^b.] Suc{i af 

may properly excite laughter. 
LA'UGHER. /. [from laugh.] A man fon4 

of merriment. Po^* 

LA'UQHINGLY. ad. [from Jaughing.]. la 

a merry way ; merrily. \ 

LA'UGHINGSTOCK. /. [A»»^A apd/<v**] 

A butt J an objed of ridicule. Spemfer* 
LA'UGHTER. /. [from laugh.] Convulfive 

merriment; an inarticulate expreffioa of 

fudden merriment. Shakefpeare, 

LA'VISH. a, 

I, Prodigal ; wafteful ; indifcreetly liberal. 


1. Scattered in wafte ; profijfe. 

3. Wild ; unreftrained. Sbakefpeare, 

To LA'VISH. v. a. ffnym the adjeaive.] 

to fcatter with profuuon. Addijon, 

LA'VISHER./. [from/«v//&.] A prodigal j 

a profufe man. 
LA'VISHLY. ad, [from lavip.] Profufely 5 

prodigally. Sbakef peart, 

LA^ISHMENT. 7 /. [from lavijb.] Prodi- 
' L A'VISHNESS. J gality ; profufion. SpenL 
To LAUNCH.^ V. n. 

1. To lorce into the fea. Lockcm 

2. To rove at large 5 to expatiate* Vavies, 
To LAUNCH, v.a, 

z. To puih to fea. Pope, 

2. To dart from the hand. DtyJen, 
LAUND, /. [landty French.] A plain ex- 
tended between woods. Sbakefpeare, 

LAU'NDRESS. /. [la^andiere, French.] A 
woman whofe employment is to wafli 
clothes. Camden, 

LA'UNDRY. /.' [as if lavanderie.] 

I, The room in which clothes are waihed. 

%. The z€t or flate of waihingh Bacon^ 

LAVO'LTA. f, [la volte, French.] Ao old 
dance, in which was much turning and 
much capering. Sbakfpeare, 

LAUREATE, a. [laureatMs, Lat.] Decked 
or invefled with a laurel. Dunciad, 

LAUREA'TION. /. [from laureate.] It 
denotes in the Scottiih univerfities, thie 9.€t 
or ftate of having degrees conferred. 

LA'UREL. /. [laurus, Ut.] A tree, called 
alfo the cherry- bay. 

LA'URELED. a. [from laurel.] Crowned 
or decorated with laurel. Dryden, 

LAW./, (laja, Saxon.] 

I. A rule of adion. Dryden* 

%. A decree, edt£t. ftatute, w cuftom, pub* 
lickly cftabiiHied. Vaviex, 

3. Judicial procefs. Shakefpeare, 

4. Conformity to law; any thing lawful. 


5. An eflabliihed and conftant mcKle oc 
procefs. Sbakefpeare, 

LA'WFUL. tf. [Azwand>//.] Agreeable to 

Uw; conformable to law. Sbakefpeare, 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 



LA'WFULT-Y. W. ffrom /iiw/ii/.] Legally; 

agreeaUy to Jaw. Soutb, 

I-AnVFULNESS, /. [f torn lawful.} Lcga- 

gality ; ailowance of law. Saeon, 

I- A'WCIV£R. /. [iaw znd givtr,} I*egi(U- 

tor { ooe that makes laws. Bacon, 

LAWGIVING, a. [law Uid gruif^*] Legi- 

ihrive. Waller^ 

I,A^WL£SS. tf. [from Alto,] 

1. Unreftrained by any law : not Aibjcft 
to law. Raleigh, Rojcommon, 

2. Contrary to law; illegal. Drydat, 
I; A'W(«CSLY. ^. [from lawlefs,"] In a man. 

jjer contrary to law. Sbake^eare, 

LA'WMAKER. /. [Aw and maker,] Legi- 

ilator ; one who makes laws s a lawgiver* 

LAWN. /. [land, Danifli.] 

1. An open fpace between woods. Pope, 

2. [L'tnont French.] Fine linen, remark- 
able for being uied in the fleeves of bi/hops. 


LA'WSUIT. f. [law and /«?/,] A proccfs 

in law 5 a litigation. Stvift, 

LA'WYER. /. [from /ow.] Profeflbr of 

law; advocate; pleader. fH)itgifu 

t AX. a. [laxus, Latin.] 

J, Loofe; not confined; not clofely join- 
ed, ' Woodward, 

3. Vague ; not rigidly exaft. Baker, 

3. Loofe in body, fo as to go frequently to 
ftool. Slutncy, 

4. Slack; not tenie. Holier. 
LAX./. Aloofenefs; a diarrhoea. 
LAXATION, /. [/tfXtffw, Latin.] 

I, The aft of loofcning or flackening, 
». The ftajc of being loofened or flackcn- 

LAOCATIVE. a, [laxatif, French.] Hav- 
ingthe power to eafe coftivenefs. 


LAXATIVE. /. A iriedicinp flightly pur- 
gative. Dryden, 

LAOCATIVENESS. /. [from laxative,} 
Power of eafing coftivenefs. 

LA'XITY. /. [laxitasy Latin.] 

I. Not compreiiion ; not clofe coheiion. 

ft. Contrariety to rigorous precifion. 
3..Loofenefs; not poftivenefs. Brown, 
4* Slackncfs ; contrariety to tenfion. S^uincy, 

5. Openneft ; not dofenefs. Dlgby, 
LA7CNESS. /. Laxity ; not tepfion ; not 

predfion ; nOt coftivenefs. Bolder, 

LAY. Preterite oi lye, Knolles, 

To LAY, V. a, [lecjan, Saxon.] 

1. To place along. Eccluf, 

2. To beat down corn or grafs. Bacon, ' 

3. To keep from rifing j to ftttle j to ftillr 


4. To fix deep. Bacon, 

5. To put J to place. Shakeffeare, 

6. To bury J to intern «tf^*. 

7. To ftation or place privily. Proverh. 

8. To fpread on a forface. Wattu 

9. To paint; to enamel. Locke, 

10. To put into'an^ ftate of qoiet. Bacon, 
1 X. To calm ; to ftill ; to quiet ; to allay. 

Ben. Jobnjon. 
12. To prohibit a fpirit to walk. 

X3f To fet on the table. Hef. 

14. To propagate plants by fixing their 
twigs in the ground, Mortimer* 

15. To wager, Dryden* 

16. To repofit any thing. Pjalmu 

17. To exclude eggs. Bacon* 
it. To apply with violence. Extkiel. 
19* To apply nearly. VEfirangt* 
fto. To add ; to conjoin. IJaiab* 
21. To put in any ftate. Donne. 
22» Tofcheme; to contrive. Chapman* 
23. To charge as a payment. Lotke. 
24* To impute ; to charge. Temple. 
»5. To impofe ; to enjoin. TV^cherley. 
a6. To exhibit I toofter. Jsterbury. 
27. To throw by violence. Drydtn* 
2S. To place in comparifon, Raliigb. 
29, To Lay apart. To rejed; to put a. 
way. Jama. 
20 To Lat ajidt. To pot awty ; not to 
retain, Hebrews, Granville, 

3 1. To La y away, To'put Arom one ; not 
to keep. Efther. 

32. To Lay before. To etpofe to view; to 
ftiew; todifplay. Wal^e, 

33. 7b La Y i^. To referve fot fome future 
time. z Car* 

34. To Lay by. To put from one ; to dif- 
miis. Bacon* 

35. 7b La Y down. To depofit as a pledge^ 
equivalent^ or fatisfa^ion. John, 

36. To Lay down. To quit ; to refign. 


37. To Lay doiwn. To commit to rcpofe, 

38* Ttf La Y down. To advance as a propo> 
iition. Stilling fett, 

39. To Lay for. To attempt by ambuO», 
or infidious pra^ices. Knolles, 

40. To Is K^t forth, Tjo difFufe ; to expati- 
ate. VEJirange, 

41. To Lay forth. To place when dead in 
a decent pofture. Sbakefpeart. 

42. To L A Y bold of. To feixe 5 to cat'cli. 

43* 7b Lay in, Toftore; totreafure. 


44. To La y on. To apply with violence. 


45. 7b La Y open. To ihew ; toexpofe. 


46. 7*0 La Y over. To incnift ; to cover. 


47. 7b Lay out. To expend. 

Milton, Boyle, 
48. T9 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

L A Z 


4S« To Lay out. To difplaj » to dtfcover. 

49. 9o Lay out. To difpofe j to phn. 

iVoffff on Odjiffiy, 

50. Ti Lay o«/. With the reciprocal pro- 
jioun, to exert. Sma^iJge, 

51. To Lay /o. To charge upon. Sidney, 
^a, To Lay w. To apply with vigour. 


53. To Lay to. To harrafs ; toattadc. 

, ; JCnoI/es, 

54. To Lay together. To coUcft ; to 
bring into one view. jidiybn, 

55. To Lay "Btider, l*o fubjc^ to. 

' 56. To Lay »/. To confine. , Temple, 
57. To Lay up» To ftorcj to treafure. 

5S. To Lay «/o«. To ioipoirtone. 


To LAY. tr. If. . 1 . 

J. To bring eggt. Mortimer, 

2. To contrive. VanUi, 

3. To'La y tf^otff. To ftrike on aUfides. 

Spenjer, South, 

4. To Lay tff. To ftrike ^ to endeavour to 
ftfikc. yoh, 

5. To Lay iff /or* To make overtures of 
Oblique invitation* Dryden, 

6. To Lay on. To ftrike 3 to beat. 

7« To Lay o/r* To a^ with vehemence. 

S* To L^Y out. To take fflcafures. 


LAY. /. [from the verb,]^ 

I, A row; a ftratum. Bucon, 

s. A wager. Graunt, 

LAY. /, [ley, leaj, Saxon.] Grafly 
^und ; meadow | ground unplowed. 


LAY. /. [lay^ French ; ley, leo<$. Sax.] A 
fong. Spenf, Miltom, Waller, Dryd. Dennis* 

LAY. a, [laicus, Latin; Xo^.] Not cleri- 
eal ; regarding or belonging to the people 
as diftin£t from the clergy. ■ Dryden, 

LA'YER./. [fiomlay.] 

t, A ftratum^ or row > a bed ; one body 
fprcad over another. Evelyn, 

s. A fytig of a plant. Miier, 

3. A hen that lavs eggs. Mortimer, 

tA'YMAN. /. [fay and man,'] 

I. One of the people diftinA from the 
chrj^. Government of the Tongue, 

«• An image. "^ Dryden, 

LA'YSTALL.jf. An heap of dung. Spenfer. 

LA^ZAR. /• ffrom LaiMrux in the gafpel.] 
Oae-deformed and naufeous with ilthy and 
pefHIentiBl difeafes. Drjden, 

lA'ZAR- HOUSE. \ f, {lazzrettoe^ Italian ; 

iAZARETTO. J fiom/tf«tfr,] A houfc 
fr>r the reception of. the difeafcd ; an hofpt. 
t^l. . Milton s 

LA'ZARWORT. /. A plant. 

LA^ZILY. ^. [fxom laxy, J Idly; iluggiih- 
ly; heavily. to€k€. 

L4^IN£SS./. [from taxy^l Idlenc/s: fl^g- 
^flinei^.* Dryden* 

LA'ZING. a, [from laxy.] Sluggifh \ idle. 


%K'ZV\A, f. The ground of this done is 
blue. . 

LA'ZY. a. rHjfer, Daniih.T 

i.jdic; Uuggifii; unwiUing to work.» 

, Rofcommoftm 
2. Slow ; tedious. uarendomm 

LD. iff -a contraction of lord. 

LEA. /. [ley, Saxon» a falloTf.] Ground is- 
cloie4» not open. MUtatim 

\£AD,f. [laei, Saxon.] 

i. Lead is /the heayieft metal except gold { 
the fojfteflT of all the metals, and very 
du^ile: it is very little fub]e£t to mft, 
and the le'ail fonorous of all the metals, 
.except gold. Z^ad it found in various 
coontries, but abounds particularly in Eng- 
land, 4a feveral kinds of ibils and ftones. 


2. 0n th^jlunl.] Flat roof to walk on. 

Shakejj>eart, Bacon* 

To LEAD. V. a, [from the noon.] , T<> &t 

with lead in any manner. Bacon. 

To LEAt). 11. tf. preter. lied, [lae'&an. Sax,] 

1.' To guide by the hand. Luke, 

%, To condu£l to any place. i Sam„ 

3. Tocondodb as haul or commander. 

Spenjer, South* 

4. To introduce by going firff. Num. Fair, 
5^ To guide ; to ihow the method of at- 
taining. ' ^ ffatts* 

6. To draw 2 to entice \ to allure. 


7. To induce; to prevail on by pleafing 
motives. Swifi. 

8. To .pais ; ta fpend in any eertpin man- 
ner. Atterhury, 

To Lt AD. V, n, 

I. To go firfl and ffiow the way. Genefis, 
ft. To condu£l as a commander. Templt, 
3. To Ihew the way by going firft. 

LZAD, /,, [(torn the verb.] Guidance; firft 
place.' ^ 

LFADEN. a. [lea^uen, Saxon.J,. 

I. Made of lead. f^Hkins, 

a. Heavy; unwilling if motionleMl 

3. Heavy ; dull. Shakejpeare* 

LEMPER. /. [from lead.] , ^ 

I. One that leads, or coAda^f* 
ft. Captain; commander. ^ ffp^ard, 

3. One ytho goes firft. ' Simk^are, 

4. One at the head of any p^ty^Jf/^wn* 

/r.- 'pwift, 
tt^AtytHG. p4rt. a, Wncfpa!. " ^locke. 
LE'ADING.StRlNCS./ [kgdtai firing.] 


Digitized by VjOO^IC 

L E A 


Sufiani hj mhMi chiUten, whtn tker 
imii to watky »it held from falliM* Dryd, 

U'ADM AN. /. (W and turn.} One wtio 
be^BS or H&U a dMi»^ 5m. Jobufon. 

f^ADWOKT./. [Mandtooft.] A^Mt. 

, Bmuttt 

^AF. / iSRtfv^i^ ^M. fleaj^^ Saion.l 
1. The %[pttk dcCidooM ffeftl of plaftU 
and fiowert. i7«fAr» 

s. A put of A •bo0|t cMitiiiiiai fM pag^s, 

3. One fide of a^ottbl^ doof. i Kmgu 
^ Any thin^ foliated, «t tkinly beaten. 

To LEAF. <v. flr. [firMitlie nouft.] Tobrlog 
featet } to bear leaves. ^rown. 

IP'AFLESS. >. [ftofn /wf.] Naked of 
karcf . Gwfrnpinrt ift^ Tongue, 

WAFY. «. r^omilM/.] Ftttfoflnm. 

JLIAGUE. /. [%», FtachJ A confedera- 
cy ; a combifiation. facon* 
To LEAGUE . v. «. To unite; to omfe* 
derate. Soittb, 
LEAGUE./. [/ifiKV, Fteirb.l A«caAtreof 
length > cuntainiog three milet^ Ai^n* 
LE'AGUED. 4r. [from %«#.] tonftde- 
rated. F^ilift, 
LE'AGUBR. /. [heleggeren, Dutch.] Si«|e j 
inveftment of a town. SMief^eate^ 
LEAK.^ /: [Ucl^, leke, Dutch.] A breach 
or holo Which lets in water. 

Hcohr, Witkhts*. 
To LE Ale. *tr. «. 

|. To let water in or ^ut. SMtef^r^, 

1. To drop throogh a breach. LhjJen* 

Lr AKAGE. /. ffrom /^.] ; Allowance 

made for acctdental lofs in l^aid nieaforet. 

\,VAKY. tf, [from leak.) ' 

I. Battered 6r pieired, (o ai to let water in 
oroot. Dryien* 

ft. Loquacious ; nptjdoic. pEftrtttige, 
To LEAN. tf. a. preter. kamd^ w Jesnt, 
[h^nan, Saxon.] 

1. To incline a^naft^ toreftagdni^. 

2. To propend ^ to tend towards. Sfenf, 
J. To be ia' a bending poftore. Drjden, 

^AN. #. [hUne, Saxon.] 

I. N6t lat } meagre ; wanting Mi ; bare- 
boned. Milton, 
a. Ne^ uii£h]ous : thin ; hungiy. Burnet, 
t^Lowj poor; inoppofition to great or 
mk, Sbakef^rt. 

IBAN. /. That part of fleA irhich conHtfs 
of the rouicle without the fat. farfuha^. 

U'ANLY. «i/. [from /#«».] Meagerly^ 
without pbmpncis. 

|JE'ANNES8. /. [from lean,} 
%, Extt^uation of body; w$«t of fleih ; 
flwacar nffs« mtn, jmtnjon^ 

a. WantpfMk. ^I^^m^rt. 

To LEAP, w. «. p J iap a a , laaoa.] 
t. To Juaip $ fipmov* upward or pMfRf- 
lively without dUHige^tliefiMt. Oiiad » , 
«. To raih with ▼ehemeace. ff jnuy i , 

3. To bound; to MbS* L«*«. 

4. To Ay } to iirt. SMt^fmu 
To LEAP. v.#. 

I. To j^ •Hr, or |nti> by leaping. 


. ft. To eompnA^x m b«l^ A^dhib 

LEAP. /. [fioinmt^rerb.] 

/ I. Bound s Jtinip | a€t of kapMg. 
%, SpoeepaMbyteiying. UXfintnge* 
3. Sudden tranfition. VEflrangt, Swifim 
4.' An ^ftak of an antanl of prey. 

L £jPrlM|£tf» 

5. Eflfbraea of aalmtlt. Drydm. 
4». Hatard, or «MI of leaping. Dryden. 

LBAP-FROO. /. [Aufaiid/^.] A play 
of children) in which they imiute thejump 
of frogi. Shah^eartm 

LE^AP.YB AR. /. Ltap^iMr or biflextile ia 
erery fourth year, and' fo callisd from its 
' ie^ing a day mort that year than in m 
^ttimon year*, (b that the common year 
hath 36$ days, but the knp-yenr^^S ; and 
then February hath 19 duys, whi^ in com* 
mon years hath but at. To find the leaf* 
year yen hava thte rule i 

Divide by 41 whatV left AaU be 
• F'or Uflp-yettr 01 forpaft If *» I* Harrism 
To LEARN. «. If. {teoftnian, Saxon.] 
I. To gain the knowledge or fiiill of. 

ft. To teach. Sbmke^eare. 

To LEARN, •». «. To take pattern. 

LE<ARNED. a. [from iearn.} 

X. Verfed in fcience and liuratnre. Svfift^ 
ft. Skilled ; ^L^ful; knowing. 

3. Skilled in fchoUftidt knowledge. 

LFARNEDLY. aJ. lfr<m learned.] With 
knowledge ; with Idll. Hooker i 

LE'ARNING. /. [from team,} 

I. Literature ; IkiU in languages or fcien^ 

ces. PrioTm 

a. Skill in any thing good or bad. Honker* 

LE^ARNER. /. [from learn,] One who is 

yet in his rudiments. Gremnt. 

LEASE. /. [laifir, Freoth. Spehnan,} 

i. A contract by which> in confideratioa 

of feme payment, a temporary poiftiioii 

is grahted of houfes or lands. Denbam, 

ft. Any tenure. B4ilton» 

To LEASE V. a, [fiom thetioUn.] To let 

l»yl€»<^. 4fliffe. 

To LEASE. V. If. [lejfen, Dutch.] To glean; 

to gather what the hart eft men Icairt. 

LE'ASER./. [ftwileafe.} Gleaner. A»i^. 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 



LEASH. /. [Uffki Freflch 5 kecio^ ItalUi) J 
J. A leather thojig, by which a falconer 
, hoUi his hawk, or a cvturTer leads his grey- 
hound. Sbak€ftt0re» 
. 2. A tierce ; three. Huaibras, 
. 3. A band wherewitji t0ti(S any thing in 
general. Detmis* 

To LEASH. V. 4r. [from the noua.] {To 
bind i to hold in a firing. - Shakefptarg, 

LS^ASING./. [)eafe» Saxon.] Ues^ falf- 
hood. ^ HMerd't TaU. Priory 

LEAST, a. the fupeiJative of Itttie^ V^t^i 
$axon.] Little beyond others } Anallet. 


LEAST. «</• In^tho loveft dt^nse. . P»pe. 

At LEAST. 7 To fay no more \ at the 

.<i( LEASTWISE. 5 loweft degree. 

Booker, Dryden, Waits, 

l.£'AS V. €. Fltxnfy ; <}f weak texture. 


LE'ATHER. jT., [le«eri, Saxon.] 

X. DreffiJd hides of aniinids. Sbakefpea^t, 
2. Skin, ironically^ Jiwi/t* 

LE'ATHERiCOAT. /.* [/eaiber and coaf.J 
An apple with a tough nnd, Shake^are, 

LE'ATHERDRESSER. /. Ikatber Ukd dref- 
y«^.] He who drefles leather. Pc^e, 

LE'ATHER-MOUTHED. a, [Uatber and 
tmutb,"] By a U0tbir»mo9tbtd h(b, I mean 
fuch IS hare ^cir teeth in their throat. 


LE'ATHER Y. a, [from Uatbfr,'] Ktitm* 
bling leather. Pk'tll\pu 

WATHERSELLER. /. [leather m6 feller.] 

. He who deals in leather. 

LEAVE./, [leaite, Saxpn.] 

1. Grantor liberty j permiflion'; allow- 
ance. Pefe, 

2. Farewelj adieu. Sbakifpeare* 
To LEAVE. V. a, p|^. Ilefi j J have left, 

!• To quit; to forfake. Ben, Johnfon, 

1. Todeiert; t6 abandon. Eceluf, 

3. To have remaining at death. Bccluf, 
4* Kot,to deprive of. Taylor, 

5. To fufFer to remain* Bacon, 

6. Not to carry away. ^udgts, Knollei, 

7. To fix as a token or remembrance. 


8. To bequeath ; to give as inheritance. 


9. To give up ; to refign. ttviticus, 
20. To permit without interpofition. 

X I • To ceafe to do ; to defift from. 

1 Samuel, 
IS. T^Leavxo^. To defift from; to 
Ibrbear. . Addifon, 

Xj. To LxAvx off. To foriake. 


14. To LxAVx out. To omitj to ne- 

gleft. Ben, Jobrtfon, Blackmore, 

ToLE^VE. v#«. 

. I. Tx) ceafe 5 to defift. Sbakef^are, 

%*TpL%jiymof» Todefift. y '■ * 
Knollis, Mofc9mman» 

3. To Leave pf. To Aop. DaxinL 

To l^EAVE. V. a, [lever, French.] To levy; 

to wife. . ^peit/irr. 

WAV^D. tf. [from leaves, of i^tf/".] 

x. Fumifiied with foliage. 

*. Made with leaves or folds, XfaioB.* 

LE'AVEN. /. [levain, French.] 

1. Fenpcft mu(cd with any body to ma|ce 
»t light. ' Floyer. 

2. Ai?7 mixture which makes a general 
change in the mafs. KingCbarlfs. 

To LE'AVEN. V. a, [from the noun.] 
. S* To ferment by foBiething mixed. 

' Sbakefpeare, 

%. To attadot ; to imbue. , Priotm. 

LE'AVER. /. [ffom leave,] One who dc- 

fertt or fodiikps. Sbakejjpeare^ 

LEAVES./. Th* plural of /W: :2tf«». 
LE'AVINdS. /. [from Imve.] Remnant > 

relinks joffaL Addifmu' 

LE'AVy. fl. [from/w/.] FuH oflesivef j 

covered with leaves. S'^dmoym 

To LECa V. tf. llecber,^ French.] To liclc 

•▼c. 6bakefpeare, 

LE'CHER./. Awhoremafter. Fooe* 

To LE'CHBR. v. n, [from the noun.] To 

whore. Sbakejpeare. 

|,i;'CH£ROUS. a, [Uook lecher,] Lend <^luft. 

ful* . Derbam^ 

LE'CHEROUSLy. ad. [from /ffV«-J 

Leodly ; luftfully. '' 

LE'CHEROUSNESS. /. [from kcberom.^ 

LECHERY. /. Ihom lecber.] Levdnefs; 

Iwft* , Afebamt 

LE'CTION./. [/«5/o, Lat.] A reading | a 

variety in copies. Iratts, 

LE'CTURE, / [Uaure, French.] 

1. A difcourfe pronounced upon any f^b- 
jeft SUney, Taybr, 

2. The a£l or pra£Uce of reading $ perufiil; 


3. .A magifterial reprim^d. 

To LE'CTURE, v. «. [from the noun, j 
I. To inftru^ fMrma%. 

. %. To ioftru^ infolently and dogmatically. 

LE'CTURER. /. [from /e/7«rtf. J Aninftruq. 
tor ; a teacher by way of ledure, a preach- 
er ip a church hired by the P«rifh to ofiA 
the reftor. - Clarendon, 

LECTURESHIP./ [Utrnkaurp,] the 
office of a leQurer. Aj^«'« 

LED. part, pret .of lead, JsH^* 

LEDGE. /.. [leggen^ Dutch.] 

I. A row I layer $ Aratum. jWotm* 

%, A rid2;b rifing above the reft. 

Gullher't Travf^. 
'%, Any prominence or ri/ing part, pry^n, 

LE'DHOR§E. / [leduidiborfe,] ^fm^Xts 

LEF,/ [7/0 French.]' 

f. Diegsj 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


L E Gt 

I. Dre^; icdfimeotj; refufe. Prior. ft. Lawful j not contrtfy to law. MiJtm. 

A. [Sca^ tenn.} It is generally that Me LEG A^ITY. /. [legalU/, Fr.] Lawfolacis. 

vfhich IS opfpfite to the wind*, as the ke 

ihore is that the wind blows on. To he 

, under the /or of the ihore, if to be clo^ U9- 

. der the weather ihore. A leeward ihip is 

<^ne (hit is not faft by a wind, to make her 

wayfo good as ihe might* D'l^, 

l£ECH.J. riarc, Saxon.l 

To LE^GALIZE. v. a, \^l^i»er, French | 
.from Ugalt'l To authorise | to make law. 

ful. So»tb. i 

LE'GALLY. md, [from tegal.'l Uwfullj} 

according to law, TCaykr. 

LrCATARY. /. [lefatain, French.] One 

who has a Jegicjr je/L _ ^ftfe,"^ 

1. A pbyfician } a proteilbr of the art of LEOA'TINE. a, [from kgate^"] 

.iicaling. ' " Spenfer, 

s. A kind of ijnall water ferpent, wluch 
faAens on animals, and fucks the blood. 

To LEECH, w. a. [from the noun.] To 

treat with medicaments. 
LE^ECHCRAFT. /. [/«ftband.^*/.] The 
art of healii^. . bavies* 

L£EF. a, llitve, Itve, Dutch.] Kiftd| fond. 

LEER. / [leac, Saxon.] A plant. 
LEER. /. [hleape, Saxon.] 
!• An oblique irtew. Milton, 

2. A laboured caft of countenance. Swift, 
To L]|£R: nj, «• [from the noun.] 
I. To look obliquely i to look archly. 

±. To look with a forced countenance.. 

l££S*/. [Ue, French.] Pregs j fediment^ 

Ben, Jobttfin, 
ToLEESE. «, a. [lefen, Dutch.] To l^fc 

I. Made by a legate. ^ ' AfUfft^ ' 
^, Belonging to l legate of the Roman liee. 
LFGATE. /. Ikzatrn, Latin.] 

1. A dejMity { an amhaiTador. Dry den, ' 

a. A kind of fpiritual ambafiador from the 

pope. Atterhury^ 

LEGATE'E. /. [from Z^tf/saty Lat.] One 

who has a legacy left him. Swift. 

LEGA'TION./. [legatio, Latin.] Deputt- 

cion; commiffionj emba%. ffofion,' 

LE^A'TOR. /. [from %«, Latin.J One 

who makes a wUl, and leaves legacies. 

LE'GEND./. Ueitmda, L^tin.] 

1. A chronicle or regiftcr of the lives of 
iaintsk Hooker. 

%, Any memorial or relation. Fairfax.^ 
3* An incredible unaothentick narrative. 

4. hn'j infcription j particularly on inedale 
or coins. Addifon, 

An old wori. " ' l^njfer, Donne. LE'GER. /. [from Uggety Dutch.] Any 

LEET, /. A law day. The word fccmeth to thing that lies in a place 5 as, a Uier 

have grown from the Saxon letSe, which: 

was a court of jurifdiftton abovt the wapen- 
take or hundred, comprehending three or 

four of them. CoweU 

UE'EWARD. <i. [Ice and peaji'to, Saxqn.] 

Tow^ds the wind. See Les. Arhutbnot,. 
LBFT^ participle prcter. of leave, Sbakejp, 
LEFT.ii. \lufte^ Dutch} Zirv»r, Latin.] Si- 

AiAroutj not right. Drydcn, . , 

LEFT-HANDED. <i.[/5^and^jK/.] Ufing LE'GGED. a, [from %.] Having legs. 

, the left-hand rather than right. Brown, LE'GIBLE. /. {UgibUis^ Latin.] 
UFT.HANDEDNESS. /. [frHm/tf/?-/'<ii«/. ~ ' 

fd.\ Habitual ofe of the lelt-hand. 


UG. /. [leg, Danini.] 

arobafladory a reiident ; a leger-hook^- a 
. book that lies in the comptiog-houfe. 

LE'GBRDEMAIN. /. llegeret/denu:in, Fr.] 
Slight of hand ; juggle; power of deceive 
ing the eye by nimble motion 3 trick. 


LEGE'RITY./. [legerete\ French.] Light- 

nefs \ nimblenefs. Shakefpearel 

1. Such as may he read. 

2. Apparent; difroverable. 
LE'GIBLY. ad. [from legible.^ 

manner as may be read. 



In luch a 

1. The limb by which we walk; particu- LE GION. /. [Icgio, Latin.] 
larly that part between the knee and the 
foot. Addijonn 

1. An aft of obcifancc. Hudibrfs. 

3. To fland on his own legs j to fupport 
bimfelf. Cc/Z/Vr, 

4. That by which any thing is fupporle* 
on the ground ; as, the leg of a table. 

LFGACY./. [legatufK, Latiiy^^^^O' '^ * 

particular thing given by lad will and tefta 

lE'GAL. a, {legal, French.] 

. Done or conceived according to law, 

Vet, U, 

. I. A body Qt Roman ibldiers, confiding of 
about five tboufand. AddlfonL 

2. A military force. PhilUpt, 
3i- Any great number. Sbakefpeare, Rogers^ 

LE'GIONARY. a. [from l^ion.] 
1. Relating to a legion, 
s. Containing a legion. 

3. Containing a great indefinite number. 


CoweU Ll^GISLA'TION. /. [from leg}Jlator, Ut.] 
The a£V of giving bws. Littleton, 

LEGlSLA'TlVE.fl. [fiom I'gijlutor.] Giv- 
ing laws ; bwgivin^. Venlam, 
4 C LhGlS- 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

h EK 

L E N. 

WCISLATOR. /. [legijlator, Latin,] A 
la«kgiVer) one w^o infakes ia^' for'any 
.commtinity. Bi^e, 

t?GlfiLA<XUaE, /. [from leglfiator, Lah] 
The power th^ makes laws. Swifi, 

13C1'TIMACY,/. [from/<r^i/iW/«.J 

|. Lawililnfis ofbitth. AjUffk*' 

2. OtnuiAenpfs ^ not rpunournefs. 

WGrXJMATE. tf. [from l^itimui, Lat.l 
Born in mafiiagf ; Iawl«41y begotten. 3tfyZ * 

*Io LEQI'TIMATE. v. tf. [legiiimery Fn] 
If 'dTo ^Eocure to agy the rights pf legici- 
matebicth. -^y^'ff^f 

a. To make lawiiiU Uf^ay ofPwjh ' 

LEGI'TIMATELY. ad. {frpm iigitimats,] 
Lawfully; genuinely. Drydtn, 

l^QYim^'TlOH.f. [l^ulwmtion, Fr.] . 
J. La>*ful birth. ' Locke,', 

%. The a£l of inydkiag with the privilege! 
of lawful yirth. 

LE^GUME, 7 j. 'lkg¥men, LatiA.] Seeds 

L£GUWEJ^» J J»ot reaped, but gathered 

by the hand ; ae, beofie : in general, all 

. laiKen feeds ; pulfe. Boyle, 

LEGU MINOUS. a. [Ap«wjc, French j 
frotn /cfgrttffftB.] ponging to pulfe; con- 
Siding of pulfe. Arhutbnot, 

LEaSUEABLy. ad, [{wm leifufaik.] At 
leifure ; ivithaut tiunult or hurry. Hooker, 

LE'lSURABL?. a. [fiom leijure.']^ Done at 
leifure ; v^^ h0rrie4 ; enjoy wg leifarc. . 


LEUSU|UB. /. [kifir, French.] 

1, Freedom inufi buAnefs or hurry; va- 
cancy 0^' ijMnd. 'fempie. 

/2, Conveniencpof time. Shakt^are, 

LEISURELY, a. [from leifure.'] Not haHy ^ 

delibcrjtte. ' '^ »** '^ Sbak^eare, ^ddifon,^ 
LEISURELY, a^d, [frpm ki^re,} Not m a 

hurxy ; flqvply, AM^fin* 

LEHMAN. /. [la'imant, French.] A Iweet- 

heatt; a-'gaVtant. * J^a^mer,^ 

l^ij^iUA. j: [^Kfxf^x,] A prppofitionff^- 

viouily aflunned. ^ ' ' > 

I^E'MON. /. [iimon, French.] 

J, The fruit of the iemofl-tr«e, . < 
' ' 'Mfrtimr, 

j|. The thfee that bears lemons. ' ' " 

LEMON A^DE. /. [from /i??tfo*,] VM}Oor 

made of water, ^gar, and phe JHice oi Ic^ 

mows. ' ' ArJu/titot, 

To LEND. -f. tfi [laenan, Saxon.] 

J, To afford, on conation of repaymenf. 

%. To fuffcr to be ufcd on-conditipn that i« 

be^r^flored. t^ryj^n, 

3 To afford ; to grant in j^ttt&it>r:y4Er:* 
Lt'KDER./. [Uom fen4.\ 

|. One who lends any -^hint^, 

2. One who make$ a trai^de of pitting nio- 
nev to inteVeft. ' A^idljou* 

LENGTH. /. [from If^n^, Saxon. J " - 

1. The extent of any thin^ material froim 
-tiid \o end. • " ' ^ • • - %ac^* 

2. Horizontal exlrnfiofl. , • Dryd^» 
|. A Mrtain portion of Ihace or time. 

- r* DydA, 

4* Extent'of duisttfon. ^ *' toclk* 
5. Long duration or protra^Hon. Addijoh^ 
v; Rjisch or espanfion tf any thing: ' 

• "^ ' fTatUi, 

7. Full extent j nneoHtraAwl ftatir, 

■ jiddifdn^ 

8. Plftance. &arendon. 
•9. End; latter part of any aflignaye tjiwe, 

■ — ' "'^ ^ Uwher. 

10. .4r^£NCTR, ^t laftj inconclufion^^ 
* • *, '' -^ "' Dry'dc$„ 
To LE'NGTHEN.v. a. {from /(f«^-&^j*.] ' 
l'T^-o'^tW out; io'mtlcc longer; to^ 
elongate. . '^^dnot, 

■ 2. To pisotra^; to continue. Dam eh 

5. -To protract pronunciation. Drxden, 
4. To L E-N G T M X N out^ ' To" pfotcaft J t Q^ 
extend. • prydevm^ 

To LENGTHEN v. «. To grow linger j , 

• tp^iRCi>ea(einlong«h.^ ' ' Prwr^ 
LE'NGTSWtSC. ad. [lenpk and wi/>.J 

Aaopnliag to the length. 
LE^NIENT. a. [kftiertij Latin.] ^ 

1. AiItiaA<ve; ioA^mn^; miHg^ting. 


2. Laxative ; f mollipnt. Arkvthnot, 
LE'NIEKT. /.^ An emollient, or amiafive 

application. ' ' '^ " t^iJmOn, 
ToL^'NIFV. v. fl. [A'nj/f/ri.old French.! 

ToafTuaee; to mitigate. Dryden^ 

LE/IkJITIVI. a, \kmt\f, fu kifio, L^tw.J 

A(9^tafive; eniollienti- ^^Ibmt^ 

LE'NITIVE. /. ' 

T. Any thing apoHed to cafe pain. 

2. A'paMiatJve. ^(7»f^i 

LEWITY, ./. [lemtas, Latin.] Mildnefs ^ 

• m«rcy J t^ndernrf*. Paniel; 
LEN8» /.' A glafe fplHjricaUy CQnvcx on both 

• /tdes,^ is ufuajly called ^kes; Ivich vt% is tl 
burnipg-|4«f8, cr fpetlacle-^tafs, or an ob» 
je^-glafs oif a telefa^pe. Netvtottt 

LENT, part, pair* from lend, ' Pofel 

LENT^/..[l«>n«en, the ^rjflg,5axon.] The 

• quaiira^cfimal faft 5 a time pf abllinence. 


LE'NTEN.V. [from Itvt,} Such as is ufed 

in lent ; 'fparing. SlMthelpcare, 

LE'NTICULAR. a, [levticulaire^, French.] 

Doubly cpnvex ; of fhe form' o? a icns. - 

' ' Ray, 

LE'NTIFQRM..^. [lens ^.n^forrrJ, Latih.J 

Having the form of a icns. 
LE^NTiG INCUS, a. [from lentigo,'] Scur^ j 

• furfurV^ottS, 

Lt'N'ilGO. /. [Lstin.] A f^ecklyor fcHrfy 

• eruption upon the fkin; -i^incy, 
LE'NTIL. /. [/^'-vLatiiij /fi/r«ft,-;Frciw:h.] 

A i^lant.: 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

.tE'NtlSCK; j: fejj^, U&n^l Leftl^k 
iivho^ U of a jttl^ m>wn ootSut, almoll Whit- 
$^re(inou«. of a fwgwnt fmejl and acrid 
tiltc : It ft tnc ifOcH df ihe tree whicE j)ro- 

^. tenacity ) vifcofity, Bifcon, 

ft. Slowaefs^ delay ^^ A^utbtut, 

^ Jiii i^X^^'l *°*^ "*T* ^'(^^*^ P*'* 
. di tfei tlobd <^^ QBl!iru£U the v«fleli. 

LE'NTOyS* A r^fw. XatihJ Villous | 
tcniKioQS ; capaMe to be drawn out. Srown, 
» ^'''^ j^ TKe people ; Or, rather a na. 


fiohj, toutitxs iJ^Ct , - . Gihfon* 

LE^OT./ teofSti^otks ToVe j io leofwtti, is 

a Winn^.of -love. Cibjotti 

' tt^NrfjE. «i/ tfemVfcj, tatin.] 

i. belonging .to a lion } having 0M nii\Xtt 

cilF a lion. ... 

a. Le(hiine vctIcs aVc thofe df \«rh»ch the 

end rhYrncs to tiic nud^e^ fo n^med Trom 

isco tht inventor {' as, 

tjlorla faQorum imere eoncidiiur heftftn. 
i,t'it)PA R ^*/'Jff} /nil /W«i/ J^tinJ A 

fpatted bcaft oT prey." • Shak^are% 

ftaed with a leprofy; HakhvilU 

ttl'EROyS. ii. [formed firo<p ^^>^^«*.] 
Cauting tcpr'oTy. Ji5// 

' ti'f^ORlNB. a. y^yiffhi ^???"J Belong. 

V\%i6i hare ; having the nature ot a hare. 
•lstl>RO'SlTY./. [froin/(^r«M.J S^amoiii 


tt'PROUS. «. 

Infc£led With a'^epr-d^. i>ij«ff*. 

lERE. /. [laefi^, b'axbn.J A feflon 5 lore 5 

dQ^fine. ' 'Sferfer, 

htf^VCY.f, [ffom ^«. J A rating ^ a i^wfte. 

, np)i^ the abl^nce or pri 

600 of the thing : as. ^^[ttefi mah.^ 
t<E>$, •.•[Ifrap* Saxoh'J The comparative jpf 

tESS. /. Not 10 much 5 oppolcd to ippjc. 

ifc'Si^. tfi. iti a IWiallcr ^c^e 5 in ^'lolver 

It'SSfii. /. fe pcrfo^ to ti'hbdi a l«afe it 

' 1. To^ifninilh in.bulfe. *. 
J.'^p di»winiih ia d^icfce of any quality* _^ 
• ' J^tnjfomt 

3. To (degrade ji tadeplly^ of pdwer^.dt^* 
To LE'SSEN. V. M. To gr^w ici^l y> ^fink. 

LE'S^k. ii, A bai^oos corrupti(>n of /e/t. 

. . . V, . . P^h' 

LE'^SER. h^, [formed by corrq^t^on from 

JLE^SES./, [4rjteb,Trfnch.3 Th« dvftg of 

. ^ftp;^ft.o?i th« gfioond. 

LE'SSON,/. (/^^> French;] 

. 3. Any thing r«ad or repeated to a |tft1ier* 

i. Precept 5 notion inculcated. Sfinfo-* 
3* Portions of fcriptQte^tad in ditii^ fa*- 
vtcf. Htokeri 

4. ^one pricked for an inftftimenti 

. 54 A ra^in^ le£ti)re. ^ ^ ^/l/ffr)r4 

To LE^SSON. V. ai [from the noon.} Ttf 

^fch I to inftr«^ . . ' . SfiMkiP'^**' 
htfSSOk. f. One who leis any thing td 

fartoiy or otber«^it by loafe. 

VkSt. cofij. [from.the^jedtijic i>B^.), Thft€ 
net. .. jid4fJon4 

To LETrf i^. a, [lac^jy 8«ton.] 
I.. Ta allow) tefu^.i to4}^rfivt. 

£f>, San<BforU 
z, A fignof the ilptailvc nibod ufeil b%f;t^ 
the firft, a^id xmjferati^c beff^e jtbe fbird 
|«r<bn. Before tiie ^c^ perp)9 .fiagi)l|ir ic 
irgnifies.refolutipa^ ^4«d p^irpof^, 0/ ar^ 
dent widi, 

§ . ' Bofore the itrft perfon planli t^ io^^iei 
ekhortatioh. ' Markd 

. 4. Before the ikird ^(an^ ^ipthi or-^lu-< 
raly ^tt isbplies pei;mi#ii9n or ppeeept. . 


/ 5. Pefbifc a t^^iiflr ;„ th» fWffi^ t<pilc, A/ 
j^piies commstnd, Vifden, 

i, tp has j^ii^^ip^fi^kke 000^ efter H with-* 
out the particle to, J^Jem 

7. Xo fcav5. t^Efin9^i 

' i, Tp more x^fk per^nUi SMtff^^e* 
Of, To pih to hire ; to graht to a tenant. 

19. To/uttcr ai>y thi|)|^^to t^kc H courf^ 
4hi«h requires no ioip.uliiTe ytoieiicc^ ^_ 

. ... Jp/h^fi^ 

II. To permit to talce any ftate or cs^rfe. 

i tf . %a p^ t, ^W, if elliptical, for /o /</ out 
bhadi To free it fron? ^onfiaement} tO> 
luiicr 1^ to &^fixm out of the reini j 

J}, ToLtT/zir; "Ittf admit. , j&p//«^ 
14* To LtT i«. To procure admiffipn, 

.. ■ Ucke. 

i$,ToLtrof; ^i? 4i^c\\^T^* iiuift* 
16. To Let ta/. To i;;afc wut }. t» give to 
b..rf or farm. . \. . 

4C i ij" ^* 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



J7. ?^ Lut. pewcan, Saxon.] Ta hln- 
. V ; ^ ^ .ttt^Wruit } ta oppofe. Dryden. 

-._l8. 7(7 Let, .whea it fxpafi^ to permit or 
Tv^ A^in-'laas ^<^ ioftbc preterite and parr, paf- 
; : .,it^,- ^^OLi^V^v^fitttabipder^ it has 
^.: /«<)#4k Introdu^ion t6 Grammar, 

To LET. V, ».- To forbear 5 to witbold 
,.-t,lwn^fijKy. r> - -- • «. Bacon, 

•IflT* jr# [ifrom the verb.] Hinderance; ob- 
-' ^r4W<k| pbitrufiioo; impediment. Hooker, 
^>JLiKT, the tcrmifiatioo of diminutiTC ^ords^ 

ftom lyte, S»xoh, //«/^ fmitU. 
zhBTHA^KGVCK. a. {hharpque, FMch.] 
4 • S.ieepyy beyond the natural po^e of fleep« 

LETHA'RGICKNESS./. {(tf^m lethargick.l 
Sleepinefs; drowiinefs. HeSirt, 

XB'THARGV. /* [Xi50*fyui.] A morbid 
drowiinefs ; a fleep fr'om which one cannot 

^ ' be keptkwake. Anerhury. 

LE'THAaCIED. tf. [l»om lethargy, ^ Laid 
afleep \ entranced. ' Sbakefftare, 

LE THE. /. [xu'du;] Oblivion ; a dranght 
ofoblivion. Sbakejpeart, 

. U'TTER. /.' [from let,"] 

V I. One who lets or permits* 

. 2. One who hinders. 
.3. One who gives vent to any tbinf :• ts, a 
Mood Utt0r, 

I.VTTER. /. [lettre, French.] 

1. One of the elements of fyllables. Sbah, 
a. A written meflage ; an epiftle. Abbot, 
3» The literal or ^xprefled meaning. 


. 4. I,0»^x without the (in^lar; learning. 


,. ^4 Any thing to be reat^V Addifon, 

6,' Typ^ ^^^^ which books are printed. 


To LETTER. «. 4t, [from thtf houn.] To 
-. ^mp with letters. AaSfom, 

• tE'TTEREp. <r. {from letter,^ Literate j 
educated to learning.- Collier, 

LETTUCE./. Uaauca, Latin.] A plant. 
LEVANT, a, [levant, French.] Eaftern, 

^3LEVA'NT. /. The caft, particularly thofe 

coafts of the Mediterranean eaft of 1 taly , 
LEl^ATOR, f, [Latin.] A cbiturgicaj' in« 

LETEL. et, [lappe], Saxov.] v . 

1. Even; not having one part higher thili 
another, Sentley, 

2. Even with any thing elfe j in the fame ' 
line with any thing. TilUt/ottm 

To LE'VEL. V. a, (ffom the adjeaivc.] - ^ 

I. To make evei^; to free, from jinequa- 
lities. , , . 

a. To reduce to thd iiune height with 
fonoetbing elfe. Drydekm 

3. To lay flat. 

< 4. To bringtq equality of condition. 

5. To point in uking aim n to aim. Bffd» 

0. Tb direct to any end. Siviftm 
ToLE'VEL.v. «. - 

1. Toiimat; to bring the gun or amir 
to the lame direction with the mark. 


2. Toconjednrej to attempt to goefs. . 


3. To be Ia the fame direfUon with a 
mark. Hudibras, 

4. To make attempts ; to aim. Sbakeffcare^ 
LKiVEL./. [from the adjeaive. J 

1. A pUne; a furface without protube- 
rances or inequalities. Sandys^ ^ 

2. Rate; ftandard. Sidney. 

3. A ftatc of equality. Atterbury. 

4. An inftrument whereby mafons adjtift 
their work. Mcxon* 

c. Rule : borrowed from the meehanick ^ 

level. i*r/ar. 

6. The line of dire£tion in which any mif- 
five weapon is aimed. frailer^ 

7. The line in which the fight pafles. 

LE'VELLER./. [fromW.] 

1 . One who makes any thing even. 

2. One who deftroys fupcriority ; one who 
endeavours to bring all to the fame flate. 

LE'VELNESS. /. [from /«;</.] 

1. Evcnaefs; equality of furface. 

2. Equality with fomething elfe. 

LE'VEN, /. [levah, French.] 

X Ferm'ent; that which b«ing mixed !n 

bread makes it rife and ferment. 

2. Any thing capiible of changing .the na- 
. ture of a greater mafs. JVifematu 

LE'VER. /. [levier, French.] The fecoAd 

mechanical power, uicd to elevate or raifca 

great weight. * Harris* 

LE'VERET. /. llehfre, FreWh.] A yeutg 

hwe. fValler, 

LE VE'T. /. Ihom-hver, Jiench.] A blaft 
• oil the trumpet, Hudibras, 

LE'VERpOK./. [Utpejie, Saxon.} This 

word is retained in Scotland, and denotes 

>hc lark. M^alton. 

WVlABhZ.ja, [from/r^.] That may be 

itvi^ Baeon^ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


xnen6^ned in tht book of ^oh. By <bme 
uaagined the crocodile, but la pottfy ganc- 
rally tzkea for the wfaal«. TbmfoM, 

To LE'VJGATE, w.'tf. {iWg*, Latin.] 

i x^'Toirubor griad. 
' •;- To mix- tiU tbfC liquor become^ (iQOOth 
and unifoim. jtrhabnot, 

KVTOATION* /^ [i^om levigate. J Levi* 

Ration is the reducing of hard bodies into a 

6ibtile powder^ hy grinding up6n marble 

with a muller« r - ShiitM, 

' t:Z'VVTE. /. lUvJta, Latin.] 

I. One or the tribe of Levi $ one bom to 
the office of priefthood» among the Jews. 
«« Aprieft: ufed in contempt. 

I^EVITICAL. a, [from Itvite,] Belonging 
to the levites. * .A^ijfi* 

LE'VITY./. [kvitat, Latm 1 

1. Lightnefs ;' not heavinefs. ~ Smt/fy, 

2. Inconftancyi.changeableoefs. Uookf* 

3. Unfteadinefjfj laxity of mind* . H/IUt'on, 

4. Idle pleafure ; Tsnity. Cabmy, 

5. Trifling gaiety} want of ferioufneft* 

Sbakefpeare, Ciarendon, 
To LE^Y. V. a. [lever, French.] 

X. To raife ; to bring together mw*. 


%, To rai(e money* CUrendon, 

3. To make war, Milton^ 

LE^Y. /; ffrom the verb.] 

1* The a^ of railing money or men.' 


a*'Warrai(cd. Sbakefpeare, 

LJ'V^to. tf. [laepebe, Saxon J 

X. Lay I not clerical* DdvleSm 

a. Wicked; bad; naughty. WlUi'tft, 

3. Luftful) libidinous. w^ Sbakefpeare* 

lE'WDLY. ad. [from ^//.] 

1 4 Wickedly ; naughtily. S bakeware* 

* »,• Librdinoufly j liiftfully. Drjden* 

LE'WDNESS.y; fffom Irzffd.J LuftfJ) K- 

centioufnefs. ' Drydert* 

LE'WpSTER'. jC [from /«<;</.] A lecher 5 

one given to criminal pkafures. SJ>akeJp, 
JSWIS D'OR. f, [FrcncB.] A • gulden 

French coin, in value twphre livres, now 

fettled at fevcntcert fhillings. D/5* 

WXICO'GRAPHER. /. [U^inh and >.ga'. 
\ ^.] A writer of didicnaries ; a harm- 
' Jeffdrtdrf. ^/#f. 

LEXICCORAPHY./. [Aifixttandy^*.] or pra£Hce of writtpgdiAionaries* 
XWXKiOm. f. [UliwhA Adi^onary. 
• •^'i , ^ . . Milton, 

*LEYi^ Zeyt ''^> ^» i^^aH from the Saxon 

'^g, a^ejd, , 1 GMh, 

JLHABLE. /.* [^<2^/^, from /iw', ol<^ French.] 

OboQxious^^ not«xeinpt ; fubja^ MUton^ 
LKAlt: /. [from //>.]* One who tells falf- 

|»od^ oj^e ^ho wants veracity. Shakejptare, 
LI'ARP. .fl. Mingled roan, MarJ^ifam, 

If VB 

oliIBATION,/. [/ii^, |^tUi.J 

I.' The a£t of pourii^ wifac oa the ffvoal 

in honour of iomc' deity. Bmm* 

. s. The wint U^ pound. SiilihwJUti. 

;LI'BBAKP./. [/i«^tff^»CcralMij i^M&ns, 

Latin.] Aleopaxd. Bnrm^oi*, 

iraEL./. [//i«Z&ix, Latin.] 

1. Aiatirt) deiam^tory wtkingi a Urn* 

poon. Deeey rfFietym 

. 2. [In tht ttvU kv.) A daclaration «r 

charge in wfitmgagainft a p«rion in conru 

.^6 LFBEL. «r. If. [feora tbe noon,] T» 

, fprea4 defamation^ gcneially wHtteA m 

printed, , Z>9#ar« 

Td LFBEL. «. «• To fctlriie ; to lampoon* 


/LVBthLtSL, r. [J^rrnn llbekj A deftmpr by 

writing ; a lampooner, D(ydetu 

' LIBELLOUS, tf* IhotnMei} Defamat«^. 

LraERAL. tf. ^Hberpfis^ Latin.] 

1, Not infan 5 npt lo^ birth* : 

S. Becomfng a gentleman. . 
^.-Moni^ati gBBefot^s; boiintiftil. 

LI-^ERAl-JTV. /• {TiheMr^ty UX, Hkfrm^ 
ItU, French.] Munificence 3 bounty ^ ge« 
nerofity* ' I SUk^Psatt, 

LlBtR^A^JJ^Y^jid. .[fr9m libp-aUl Awn- 
teouflyj bountifully J largely. Jametm 

LIBERTINE./, [libe^tin, Frcndi.J ' 
x.^ One m^afined ; one at liberty. ; 

ft* One who livet wkhout refiraint or la^* 


3. One who pays no regard to the precepts 
of rtHgioo. . ' Sbakefieare, CoUiet^ 

4. [Inlaw.] A freedmanj' or lather, the 
fon of afrecdman. Ayltfu 

' LI BERTINE. /r. \UhwtU, Fr^ch.] Lice*. 

tious; irreligious. Bvf'ifi^ 

LrBERTINRM. /. [fmm Ith^int,^ frre- 

ligion ; licentioufnels of opinions a»4 

praftice. Atterkury, 

LFBERTY* /* H'lbertd, ' French } libtttas^ 


1. Frcittem as oppofed to ilavery.. Addiftw. 

ft. Freedom as oppofedtG^-neceffity. Locke. 

3. Prifiiegej exemption } imnuinity. * 


4. Relaxation of reftraint, 

. 5. Leave ; permiffion. ' * Lwke* 

LIBI'DINOUS. tf. [midim>fis,Uu'] Lewd; 

luftfnl. Sent/Of^ 

LIBi'DlNOUSCY. ad, (from tihidinmil 

Lewdly: Juftfully. 
Ll'BRAL* a. [iibra/H, Utin.] Of 9^14 

weight. J>fW, 

LIBRA'RIAN. /. [rihrprlus, Utin.) Owj 

who ha^the care of sdtbrary, ' Broome, 
U'BRARY./. [tibi-aire^ Frtnth,] A ^rg« 

COlleaioo^f ^k9. ' * - thyden. 

Digitized by Google * 



•iil^lA'TION. yi f/f^HBft*, HHml- ' • VPtmtf^lt: f. iirmmir, Iftftfcai.1 A toot 

• '- in f h^ ftate of IWttg'B^«€W; TbrMffon. -' pfXWect taft^. 

. ' «» f4n iHlWttiAyVT XtAn^M 51 teU- lid^^. f. pb^n;]' A bttitflt; ' 

. miani motion or tK^U«!id)i iii tf^e 6^a- LID. /. [hli**^ Saxon.) 

inent, whefel|y*'i!*tJefcJ*fA^biiof*fcWi, * " " 
•' lint ttft bfpltud^ <^f t)^ JRal'f/iifti^e From 

. IVhdhg 9 pfoyf ^1 file » t^^HMdh 

*Wct, th€^fcVai «#/<*«/» ' ^Bff^. 

rtiK^NSE./. f/iciw/itf, Latin.] 

^ 4Wiik, a fiatfrji oWf dttf feyr; 

^aU f. [lie, JFrench.1 Ahjf tblnj Hfe^rca- 
nated witl^ fttt&e dtM \k)dfi SiS^lo^bf 

r. Ei<J!fcltitet l^bSty r^^ttSi^t 6f ft^ fclCj/, [fij^, SatbM.J 

■ ami! neceflary J-aftraint. 
Id AfiraAcofpfcr^niWlii 
*. Liberty: benAMttfhw 

• ' <•' To fet^it liberty. fVoUon, 

2. To |»eftait by il tei^ grAit; Fkft. 

LyCENSER. /. [ft<*»i «c«fc^i7 ft tpnuiftr of 

|.ICE^irriATE« /< imemimH K^L^in.] 
•" I. A man who ufes Ucenfe. CanuUn, 

t Jff/tfe. 

To UCE'NTIATE. v. «. nicgtH^it, Fr.] 
To ilertdit X w*iWoii^»g«^y^^^« 

ilCiltTlOUS. «< [/?rt/lriy«i,- tk'ihi} 
I. UttftifrikiidbykMMMyaMty^. ' 


. t. PyeAfii^««QI^«fMmiia^. M<>/toiAnon. 

tiCfe'NTIOUSLy. <»</. [from licentious.'} 

Witb ^ rtlieh KHfrtf i 

tlCl'MTlOtrsWESS, /. [froiii imiHius,} 

Bwhikk lib«if^ f toiheiD^ c^ juiF re- 

ftraint. 5?Jyj//. 

-IIGN.^. [hf^f S«#»R.} A ifcad ciatcifil| 

tflicncc lichnvake, the tliweof tfft of i»atch- 

}n^J>y th^ddRT} licbgati, the ^e throng 

: whteh tli« dted fl»e etntied to %k€ ^ave ; 

( ifrMfcA/. tb« field of the dead, a city in 

Stattbrdfiiht^ ik Aaiii^d frofti ftattyrtd 


Lf'CHOWL./. [^^ M8 d^;J A fohof 

^0 LIGK. nf. a, [htWWi, SWdn.} • 

I. To pafs over with the tongue.' Addij6n» 
a. To lap ; td csfk^ th By (Oii f6i^^, 


llCK. /. [from the verb.] A blo>V xtthfh 
uiage. i Vfydeh, 

II'CKERISH. 7 a, fhw^jyia, a glatton, 
^ii'CKtHdUS.S SaliWi.] 

i. Nice in the choice of ^d^ fitK^m^. 

' L BJfta^ge* 

%. Eager ; ff«eily« SiBney, 

|, Nitf j 4^Ucatr| temttabgflic appetttfc. 

- . * ilBitw. 

I. A criniinal f^tfh^. ^r/iif. 

i. Achtatgttff Mhcterfl . iirfr. 

S-Afiaion. . s ' ^ Mdep. 

To LIE. V, ti, Tr^iiA, Ux&kjf Td tfffer 

, C^inal ftliffcotfd. S»4efj^are. 

To .LIE. 4^. »l. pft!t. 1 fiy\ IBM hfik iSt'lien. 

f fli^arr, Saxmi j ife^^, Dutdl.] 
• jf . To reft horftdrttSly, di- ^iih vtiy {teat 

i; T6fift; toK^nupon. 

3: t^> Wr rtffjtffltW-J^ fte gwtfc. Ghiejh. 
4. To be in a ftate of decumbiturc. Afar*. 



. Collier. 

5. Ti pafs the time' bf /f^^p. 

6. To be laid up or re^ofited* 


To remaiki nXb'd. 

fo rtffid^. 
9. Tq be plated or fitaiated* 
!•♦ Ttf prefs upon. 

lU To be'Wrtrtfl6fOfft^t)tttdiOfts. Mtifm^ 
ra. To be judicially fijfed. ShlAefftare, 
J3. To bem an^ partiicurar ftatc. . Mi«/*. 
14, Ttf be in A fi^te of ec^lic&lithe^^t. 

To be in prHbu. ^tale^are^ 

To be in a bad ftatc. Vtrnvge. 

To be in ^ hi^ltill 0^ ei(p0f(£d ftate. 

Totoiiflft. Sb^ie]j^eie^4 

To be in the powa' | to btrlbng to. . 

ioi ftf W thirled, in iny tWilg : as; aa 

^ion lietb agj^idll c^i^^. 

ii. To eoft : zi, it His tnt hi mdft tncti^i 



To Lie 4/» 

Tb irtlporiJuif^ ^ t«t&ze. 

To left > to ftmain RiU. 

f4. Td tit imik *i'6 Ail i to* go into,« 
il4te dfte^lfe. ' JJT^Mi. 

a$^ T0 Lti dfnvn. To fink into thegfave^ 

J6; Ttf Lii zurf To be iA ebfl&e^ 


2^. T0 Lt< tf/^, 
tSblf df dtity^' 

Ttf be fabj^a to. , 

*t6 bccbm'c ato obtigt- 

- • Befittty. 

2^* Ta 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



atg. To Li£ vjttb* To coflverfe in bed. 

. • '^ -' '5Aii*S«itf. 

lltF. tf* {letijfi, 5a«JD J /»^, D«cliJjT)earf 

b«l%y«d. ^Sjbertfir, 

LIBF. ^^ WiJ/ii^y* ^ • thfk^eare. 

I.IEGE. ^. fi^ijr, F«?QpcI».3 - • " •": 

X. SoiMid byiome feudal tenure^ f^%^* 

U^GBMAN. /. [fcom T;^ and man^^ -A 

I4^£QER. /. [from AW] A rcfident am- 

^ b»flgu)pr. 1 . .^' c ' Benbam, 

Ly^IkT. the participle of /fV. ^^n^;. 

LfEKTE^ftaC. V tftpm ^wftry.J ' T«- 

taining to a lientery. ' ' ^V^< • 

JJ^'Eg^tiRY; //[froiq XeTw, l^eve, fmootji,- 

and svlipov, \me^numf Latin*] ' A p^articufar, 

looftiieis^ wjiifein tjic food baflts ftiddcqly- 
. «)}roygh the ftoitiach and euts, ^^^Vvs 
LI'ER. . /. [from to //>.3 Onp" that rp^s^r 

JiefidWn. " f *- ..^ 

IZ^. /.. EF#ciich,} Hacej.ioom. •* 

< Hooker, Aidifon, 

U£V£. tf4* [S^ Uep.] WminglyT - 

fcffiUTE'^N-ANCY'/. [rteutemi^ficf, #fehch.J 

1, The office of a iieatenant, iSJ^^keheaj;^* 
a. -The body of lieutenants.' Helton: 

MEUTE'NANT. /. {lieutenant^ Fr^fch.'j 
' i. A depufjrj oiic who. ads ))y ▼jc^rj^us 
authority, ' ' ' . 

2. Ill war, one who hMds tj^c next r^^. 
to a fuperioar jof.any dehomij^atiop. 

yiUTE'NANTSHIP.r/. ffrom lieiaen^m,} 

The rank or o^ce of lie^t^ant. - 

I*IFE. [, plufil /rtvi. [hfian, to live. Sax.]* 

• 1. t/iiion'and cp- operation of (oul ^fth 
body. ' Genefis, 
%. Prefentftate. • (/yvoUj, 

3. Enjoyment, or poflfe^on of t^rreftrial 

• <xift€nce. ' Prior » 

4. Blood, the Aippofed vehide of life. ' 

3. Condu^ ; manner of living with te- 
fpeft to' virtue or vice. ^^^^^ 

6. Condition J manner of living with fe- 
fpeft to happinefs aridnaiierjr. ' ** pny^ep^ 

7. Sontinuaaceofour p'refent date.' ^ke^ 

8. The living form 5. fefpmblancc exaftly 
copied. B/cwHi' 

•9. Exaft refetpblance. Denhim, 

So. General ftate of man. ' ftfiihn. 

11. Gommon occurrences 3 hnmanaffa&s 5 
the -courfe of things. . ' . yffcbam, 

12. Uvyig perfon. ^iakefpe^re^ 

13. Narritive of a life pft. ^ Pspe: • 
H' Spirit 5 briJknefs; vivacity' ; tefolu- 
tion. : ^ • i^idney, 
15. Aflimat&d exiftcacc ; -animal b^iog. 


ingthe power 

v« hft. 

LlF^GUA'^p. /. {«/i and ^ 

~-guar4"of a ting's pprron,"* ' 
I;PF:ei-B^S.. a, \lrx)m Hp.\ ' 

t f. pcad ; deprived -orKfe; Ifr^'i^n- ^^m 
a. Un^ni/nafed^ md of life. JKf^lr. 

' 3. Withovt power, force, or ibirit. Pr/dr. 
LWEL;ESLV. tfrf. "ffrom //^/rf .] With^t 

•Vigour: frigidly: icjupcly. 
Li;F£jtlfcE.7.''[i{/ aiid me.-\ Late a »r« 

tI^?|s?R§Np./. f///< and/rffff.'] Nej^j* 

ilriijgs- imagined to convey life. " DaiiuL 
Lrt^E-JIME.^. r/j^f and %f.J Continuance 

or durWion'of nit. " * ' Addifitu 

WFEWEARY. a. { M 9fi6 ^jiat^'.^ 

Wretpbed : ttred of living. Sbdke(j>eare2 
To Uf ^. oT. tf. f/;:frtf, Swedifli.J ' ' ' 

I. To raife fropi the groui^dj to l^ravr; 

to QJevat^ * ' ' ' ' Dr^dtiu 

• 2. 'to b?ar : to funport. liflt in ufe, 

• '"' ''^ --^^ • Sf>enj;fr. 

•3. To rob ; to plunder. fyydnu 

4. Tpiexalt 5 to elevate mentally. " i*c^^. 

5. To raifc in fortune. Eccl^u^'uus^ 
^. Tpr^iiein eftimation. Hooksr, 

"7. To exaJt in dignify. j^ifyn. 

' 8. To elevate 5 to fwcll i^ith pride, ^tterh^ 

0. Vf \% fom^tjmes e'piph^tlcalfy ad^edlto 

"^ lift, ■ '•"' ■^- ^ ^ HamueU 

To L|FT. V. n. To ftrive to ralfe by flMngth. 

LI?T./> [from the verb .1 
"i. Ir^ie ^d of lifting 5 iht mani^er of lift* 
in|. * •'-' Bdi^ 

' 3. Effe^'; ftrugele. WfAibras. 

LIFTER. /;' ffrSSil'i/f.] One tKat lifts.' 

T9 no. w. i»i' t^<fgi^«, DutiA.J To lie.- 

Ll'p/^flfifn*. /. \hgamentm^" from 7^,- 
•"iatVp.] ^ t . ' ' 

• 1 . tigaftiHt IS ^ white and folid bOdy, foftcr. 
thj^n a caftilagc, but harder tha^ a m^i-i 
fcr|ne': thei;^ chief ufe is to faften the boji\rs, 

• whifh are a|[ticulated together for njption, 
lei they flrould bVdiflocateti with exertlfc. 

• 1. An^r, thi|»g yhif h c^Jinec^? the ^arfsof 
the bpd'y.'** ^ ^" ^ • Dettbiitttj 

' 3'. Bqnd ; cl^ain 5 c^ta^iglement. M^'oru 
LlGA"ME"*KtAL. 7 7- 1 froyn' %»7^«?.] 
LIQANlE'jrfOUS. 5 Ctftnpiiing a liga-^ 
ment. ' . Mliifematt* 

LIG A^tlON; /, [ligatio, Latin.] ^ 

• J, Tn«;^a£l.of bi'\djnjg. 

%. iThella'te of b^ing bound. A^dlfon, 

L1'GATURE» /. r^</«/f. f rpn^iJ- J 

• " » . ^^ Any 

Digitized by VjOOQIC " 


LI d 


%. AttJ tliiJig bound on ; V*°^^* 

2. The a£b of bio JiDg. Arkuthuot. 
'.3» The ftate of being boiiad. Mortimer, 

UGHT. /. f leobt, Saxon.] 

I. That quality or adion of the medium 

of light by which we fee. , Newton, 

». Illumination of mind; inftruAion; 

' knowledge. Bacon, 

3. The part of a pi^ure which is drawn 
with bright colouic, or in which the tight 
is fuppofed to fall. Dryden, 

4. Reach of ;kiiowledge j mental view. 
■ *" Bacon, 

5. Point of view $ fituttion $ dire Aion in 
which the light falls. MJifon, 

6. Explanation. Loch, 

7. Any thing that gitct light 5 a pharos j 
a taper. GlanvilU, 

IIGHT. a. [leoht, Saxon.] 

I. Not tending to the center with great- 
force ) not heavy. jiMiJqnt 
^. Not bordenfome ; cafy Xo be worn, or 
carried. • Bacon, 
3. Not afflidive \ cafy to be endured. 

^ Hooker, 

« '4. laty to be performed I hot difficult | 

not valuable. Dryden, 

\ , 5. £afy to be aAed on by any power. , 

\ Dryden, 

6. Not heavily anned* Knoileit 

y 7. Active ; nimble. Spenfer* 

8« UnencumbeKd) onembarrafled j clear 

of impediments. ' Bacett, 

' ^. Slight ; not great. * Boyle, 

30. Notcrafs; not grois. Numbers, 

I I . 'Eify to admit any influence : unttes^dy $ 
vofettled. . Sbahejpeare, 
32. Gay; airyj yrithout dignity or foli- 
dxty. Siakfifpeare. 
13. Notchaft^ I not regular in conduA. 

' 14. iTrov^Jigb;,/.] Bright j i^ea#. 

15. Not dark I tending to whiteneTs. 

' Dry^n, 

tICHT. ad. Lightly ; cheaply. HocUr. 
To LIGHT* v. a. [from ii^bt,/,} 

I. To kindle 3 to inflame j to let on Are. 

t. To give light to j to gui<dc by Ijght.^, 

* CrapanOf 

3. To illuminate. Drydpom 

4. To lighten j to eafe of a burthen. 

Jo LIGHT. t)r. ft, {Jickt, by chance, Dutch.] 
I, To happen} 10 fatt upon by chance, 

* " ' Sidnty, 

». [3tl|jhtan^ Saxon.] Jo defcend from 
a horic or carriage. » Kingi, 

3. To fall in any particular difc^ion. 


4. 7p fall^ to flrikcon, ^fenjer. 

. 5. To fettle 5 to reft. Shahrpearei 

To LI'GHTEN. '^.fKlhtih^ Sain.] . 

, I. To flaflt with thunder. Sbahftearo^ 

2« To ihine Uke lightpihg. SbaJieJpeareL 

3. To fall or light, ffirom i/gbt,] 

Common Prayer, 
To LI'GHTEN. v. a. [from iigbt.) 

I. ToUhuntaatei ^oe^ightcn, D0viet^^ 
%, To exonerate; to unload. Jonahs 

3. To make left hftvy. Mit^ru 

4. To exhilarate $ to cheer. . Drwfen, 
LI'GHTER, /. [from figbh. » tUMkt /igbe.l ^ 

A heavy boat into which fliips areiighceoid 
or unloaded. Fope» ' 

LI'GHTERMAN./. [rigfueruid man.] One. 

who manages a lighter. Cbild, 

LlGHTFrNGER^D. a. [li^btMidfnger.yf 

Nimble at conveyance $ thievifli. 
LI'GHTFOOT. a, [light and /oof.] Nimblo 

in running or dancing j a^tvc. Spenferm 
LIGHTFO'OT./. Vei?ifon. 
XiGHTHE'ADED. a. t/igbt znA bead,} 

1, Unfleady} loo^i thoughtlefs i weak. ^ 

s. Delirious} diibrdtred ta the mind by; 

LIGHTHE'ADEDNESS. /. Deliriooij^isj. 

diforder of the mind. 
LIGHTHE'ARTED. a, [ligbt %nd bearhl 

Gay; many, 
l^IGHTHOtJSE. /. [ligbt and boufeA An 

high building, at the top of which Tights 

are hung to. guide ihips at fea. Atbutbn^t., 
LIGHTLE'GGED. a, [iigbt and ItZ"! 

Nimble; fwift. Sidney, 

LI'GHXLESS. a. [from ttght,} Wanting 

light ; dark. 
LI'GHTLY. ad. [from Itgbt.} r 

1. Without weight. Ben. Jebnfomm 

a. Without <Jeep impreflion. Prior,. 

3. Eafily ^ readily ; without difficulty ; of 
- • courijp. hooker^ 

4^ Without reafon. Taytotm 

5. Without afl!i.£Uon i cheerfully^ 


B, Notchaflely., ^ Hw'^tm 

7. Nimbly; with ability; not heavily or 
tardily. Dry4*it» 

8. Gaily ; airily ; with levity. 
LIGHTMl'NDED. a, [Ugbt and wind,} 

Uniettled; unfteady. EscU 

1;.KGHTI4esS. /. [from ligbt.'] 

1. Levity; want of wei|pt» Burnet, 

%. Inconftancy^.ujifle^ners. Sbahfpearom 

3. Unchaflity; want of conduct in women. 

^ Sid9Q» 

4. Agility; nimblenefs. 
trCHTNING. /, [from ligbten.1 

1. The flaih tl^at attends thunder. Daviof, 
%. Mitigation; abatement. Addifpn, 

LIGHTS. /. The lungis ; ,tljc organ? of 
breathing. Hayward, 

l-1'GHtSQME, a, [from right.] 

1, I|Umw 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

S. I«|HUM«is 40C.4ar|c^ •orfMaurej 

«. Oty^ df^ j %t«Mig the pow«r tp cxh|. 
Itrateu ^fift. 

1.1'CHTS0MENE$S. /. ffrom l^fime.J 
X* l.«0ijiouihcft I not opacity } nM ob- 

A Cheerfol9^ { flMgrtment { Jtvity. 

lital wood. ifumbtrs, 

. W«oii,ip0dMi i^nblingwoQil, . 

Bacon, Grew* 

iffGwnSMni^JEi J, [LatU,] Guiriaeumj 

«V^ hard wood, -MtZ/lw. 

^J'C^JM,/. Afttwtm&9fifi, Emdtu. 

UKS. A [kc, Saxon ; Hik^ butch.] 

s. RtfekBhUilg^ hdvibg lefembUoce. 

«. Zqeal; 'cf ^^fanequaotitf* SfKOit, 

3. [Av^Af^.] Probable^ «i«Uble. 


4. likelgr ; is «ftat« thtt :|pves probable 
ilpe^hitioas. - Qarendom 


X. '£ome peiiM or thiog Trembling imo- 
ther. &hake^e9tf* 

ft. Near approach j a ftate like to another 
Aatte.' Rali'tf/f* 

.«. in the Tame manner $ in the fame man- 
ner as. Sfcnjer. Tihtti^. 
%, Jbi (hch anwaaer as hemi. .1 Sumueh 
A, Libely; probably. Sbak^ptart, 

TolUKfi. V. «. 'fbotti, Saxttib] . 
;j. To.chufe with jloneidegBBe of pf(fer-> 
lenee. Clar^t4*t» 

• «• To approve \ to view wttlkafpfobation. 

^ ^«. To^leafe j to be agieesibie to. B€con, 

ig. To be pkafeB With. . 'BoikeK 

2. Tochufe^ toUftft'toibefdcared. Z^r/^. 
LFKELIHOO9. /. .[/cam;i%.} 

M. Appearance} fhew. Sbakfifptare* 

«• lUfemhlaiice} lUttncie. , C|[b(bltce, 
v> Raleigbi 

3. rFiobabiiity; vetifimiHlude; appearance' 
•ftButk. ^<00^«r. 

LVKELY. a, {from /iUj ^ ' 

'j. fi*k ttt'any heJijced; fueh ai oVy 
fkife. ^ Mbakefptan, 

40« Probable; fueh ai may in reafon be 
\W^Wt/crMiey«L * 
.iUW£V. ^. Probahly \ as Aay ' retfon- 

4k|||UQ£N, V. ^. [from.i(if«] ToMpre- 
ibntiMcitaiBtfl^ttfeafttiaMe. . /ili^/ov^ 

ja^NtSS. /. [from ///b.] 
' f..,llcftmy^i»fir%rilitiid^ 

^'-m^-^^kmi appearance. ' 
^'>0ne>«ihB^rdK^bU8 MoCfaor. 



UfKVmK.. 0d. (4V.«|M(^} In like 

IBMiflerj alfo; moraoicr; too. ^Mm»r. 

LrKI^O. tf. Phtm^l i|».«tet«f|dti«p. 

tfiUNG. /. [fiom &*rj . 

J. C«idteeor4)fdy; pliMtfpn€(a. 

Shak^pe^n. DrydeB. 

%, Sute of trial. , 

. }« Indtiatian. Sptt^. 

LlXUkCa /. [iUtf. mt, FMich.] a ir«e. 

LrUfiD. «. [fin«%J.£B^liiAri wiih 

laies. MdtcH, 

IVLV.J, [/iViuar^Latin.] ABetaer. Peaeiam. 
ULY-DAf FODIL. /. t/f/i«riyr{^Sr^Ut.] 

A foreign floilrer* 
SALT J0/ tie f^ailn,.ct May JiJ^. /• ATdZr. 
JUItHlV£RED.4i.[/i/fandi«reiu] White 
. iMFerod ; <ifrt»xiAj^ HhakAeane* 

XlfMATUM* /. [iim0iir«, Utin.f Pil- 

Jiagi nf aay joetal | the paj<icUs lahhed nff 

UMB./. ,[km, teiMu] 

X. A membo* j jobted or articulated part 

Af«nim«ks. , ., iBfiiran. 

a, . An edge 5 a border. Newton^ 

To LIMfi. ST. A 4;/iam Ae n^on.} 

X. Tb fupply with limbs. Milton* 

2. To tear a£iftder4 ^dSfaemhsr. . ' 
XrMJftECK./. rcomiptedfrQm«ifaH^As(.l A 

. iWL - 

LI'MBED. if. [fr 

iegafd to iiinbi. 
UMBER, tf. Fj 

aot; lithe. 
. /Illy 5 pliancy. 

- 4. A region bordering uponfaeU, in which 
theke is neltherpleaiure dor jMin» SJ^ke^, 
V2. Any pUoe of miiiesy amd leftraint. 


LfME. /. riiob Saxon.] 

X, ' A vijGous {iiibAance.drawnovtr.twifry 

• >^Khich catches and entangles the wings of 

birds that light ^pobrit. - ^iydek, 

' \s. \Matter of 1 winch ^moitarsi .pMidA^ h 

.caUed becaufe ufed in ceoiept. ■ . '. Bmcon* 

. 3. fhii*»/Saxoa,] ^heJinUen tree. ^ope. 
.4. \lim£y French.] A fpecies of femon. . 

•vFoiLlME. v. a, [from the noon.] ^ 

Lxv' To«nfianglef «>vi£Baae». Makejpeare* 
:. r :«» ^Jfmear with lime. VB^S^ge^ 

..^•'^o cement, -^bAkefjfUrem 

. .4* To manaregrosBdJwkblimQ.- Gk'tld, 
-^VMISXMJR. S:\kme wn^tkibu} :Kiiii i»iiere 
..-.\fidne8 are burnt to lime. Wtnirjofird* 

LrMESTONE. /. \l\me and.>«i^ The 
.:' ^e of whkii IspreritdBslde. :M§mmr» 
.LIME'^WATER.jr.: >'|t3i9iuidrAby jwiring 
.. water upon quickiime« , tf7i//« 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XrMIT. /. [/Swjf^ Fncocl}.] 'Booni; W- 
der; otmoft reach. Eatodm^ 

^o U'MIT. V. a, [fwm the bou*.] ' 
Z. To confine within certiin bounds ; to 
reftrain; to drcumrcribti. ' Svfifi. 

a. To reftnun frpol a lax or geneial iigni- 
' location , ^ the univerfe is here Jmitai tp 
this earth. -' ^ 

f^I'MITARY. J, Ifromtimiti} Placed at the 
boundaries 'as a guard or flipe^nCendaat. * 


^-IMITA'TIOK./. [MmifaHon,¥i9nch,^ ' 
I. Reftri^^ion; circumfpe^Hon. fitfker, 
%, Oonfinemeht from a lax 0|r uadeterau* 
nate impoirt. > . * Hooker^ 

LrMMER.y. A mongrel. 

To LIMN. vi,a, \t9hmimr, French.] To 

* drawj to paint any thing. ' Pgicbam 

|«t'MN£R. /. [corrupted horn en/umiiieur, 

i: Fr.] A painter; a pt^ure* maker. GJdmAlh. 

ILI'MOUS. tf. il'mojiih Latin.] Muddy $ 
I ilimy. Br«wn, 

lijMP. tf« r/im^iox Imttafl.l V^pid; wealcl 
' -- :- . ^4//fl«. 

1^0 LIMP. V. ». [limpen^ Saxon.] To halt ^ 
to walk lamely. . " ' ' Prior. 

LI'MPW. f -ikkhxA of AcU fifli. 

. - Ainpufortb, 

LrMPID. 4r; f/M^/(/M| Lat.] Clear; pure; 

' trahlparenr. . > . )V<iodtvard, 

• XJ^IPIDNESS./. [from /;«/»/4/.] Clcarncfsj 
i puri^. • 
.M^PINGLY. ad, [Uom Ump.l In a lame 

■ halting v^kt\h^» ' . T 

il'MV. ^. [from //«/?.] 
' l«. Vi(cou8 f gbtindu^, Sfenfer, 

a. Containing lime. prnv. 

To LIN. v, n. [abhnnan, Saxon.] To ftop j 
i' to giire,oi»er# ' Sptnftr, 

IJLfNCHPIN. jt [Vf«r*and/>ii».] An iron 

pin that keeps the wheel on th^ axlc-iree. 
.XI5NCTUS. / [from /?/rfo, Latin.] Medi- 
cine licked up bf the totigue. v.. V 
.|«I^D£M. /. [hoi, Saxon.] The li^e-tree. 

IJKB. /. [Itnea, Xatiir.] 
k\ '4. Xongitodinal extinfion* Bemttey. 

%^ A (lender ^np Moxok, 

• \ 3« A thread extended tp direft any opera- 
. tioiis. ; ■ pi^tti, 

.- 4^ The firing that "fuftain^ the angler's 
hooki* ' • . . ^ UtaXkr' 

.* 5; LiAdameats, pr Jn^^ i|i the hand or : 
-'^•fecc, "\ . • » Ckuvdtind* 

' f^ Delineation ; iketcb» T/fi^/?. • 

. 7. poBtourj-^otitlke. ' « -^o^. . 

S. A^tnpch. « written, from one mar- 
gip'tothe othcuj 4ferfc, ^rtk» . 

'^ .''t9. .'B^aak. - : t 

lo.'WorkthfC^wnupi treii^. Zirfden, . 
V-4^, Metbod^ di4>ofiiipiL ' S^kefftui, 
, 9). £xtenlioiis.|m^« > .^Mo^i 

14. l^ro|en|r § fuhily, raK:t»d&b| otf d«* 
ibending. V Sh^ke^tarcm 

15. A/iff«l8onettadii>faa|och. ic^/lr. 

16. fin the plural.] A letter j u, I read 
jour Una, ^ 

• 17. LintorfUxf 
To LINE. v.ii. . . 

I. To coyer on the bBde. ^ Moyk* 

'- if To pot any thipg in th^ iafide;' "^ 

3. T<^ guard within.^ ■- Ckreridonm 

^. Toftreagthep byUaerwork^, 

' Sbakeffieare^ 
<• Toioyef. ShaheJheaMm 

i, 'to double ; to ftrengtheii« $baJkjpeare, 
7* To impregnate 1 ap^ied to animals g]br 
ncrating. " ' Oeecb, 

Ll'NfEAGE. /. p«^i^ French.] Race | 

• progeny j family, Luke^ 
Ll^NEAL. a: [linf^ns^ hz^m,} ' 

1. Compofea of lines | delineated. 

2. Defceqdtng in a direft genealogy. . 

3. Claimed by defcent. Sbaketpeaie. 

4. Allied *by dirc^ defcent. > Dtyden. 
LFNEALLY. «</. [from/i»<'tf/.] Inadirca 

line. - ^ .i Clarendon. 

UWEAMENT./. [//«<rtfi»^»/,Fr.] Feature J 

difcriminating mark in the form. 

l.rNEAR. a. [linearis, Latin.] Cobpofed 

• of lines ; -haiejng the form of linet. . 

LINEATION./ [IhmHoyiromJinei, LatiJ 

- Draught of a line or Jioes. JPoodtkard* 

• LI'NEN. /. [Jinum, Latin.] Cloth made of 
hemppriwx, . J)tydtH. 

.LI'NEN. tf. (/i«f/r, Latin.] 

I. Made of linen. ■' ibahfpigart, 

%, Refembling linen. SiaJtt/fteaMt, 

^LINBNDRA'PER.;/. [Ai«^ and drafer^j 
' He who d^ls iniinert. 
LING. /. [%, Iflandicjc.] 

7. Heath. S^eom. 

%, [^fsij^y Dutch.] A kind of fta fiA. 

LING. The termination notes commonly 
diminution ; as, kit/iff|^ : fomefsfnes aqua- 
lify; as, firfklwg. 

To Li'NGBR. v,4t, [fnpm l(li^:8axonu] 

1. To remain long in languor and paia. 

2. Tohefitate; to Be in (bfpenle. Mt1ton\ 
■ :^ 3. To remain Ifjn'i;' i .". • ^ J)rydA, 

4. To remain long withc^t any: a£lion or 
fletcrihinltioA. ; ... Sbakefp$ate» 

5, 'To wait long in-expe^ftation or oncer- 
tainty, * JXtydat* 

- '^4 To be long in jircidtieing ttk€t» '' 
* Shaitffiare, 

To LI^NQBR. Jtha,. Th pntvaa^ to^ra^ 

out to length. Out of uk,* ' i ^k^^at:e^ 


Digitized by 


Ll'NOElOmJIfr. ir [froM i^^-^.J 
^ With delay 5 ttdlpufly. H^i^. 

LiPNGET. /. [/in^, Freoch.] A (nadl 

tnafs^f metal. ' Csmda. 

Li^NGO, /. [ Portugueife. ] Language | 

tongue ;, fpeedi. , Xl^nrrtvt, 

UKGUA'CIOUS. tf. [lirtguax, Latin. J Full 

of tongue; talkative. 
UNCUADE'NTAL. a. [rmgMa and den$, 
. i4itin.] Uttered by tUe jouit a^dnof the 

tongue and teeth, Hoidtr, 

Ll^NGOTST./. [from /iffftftf, Latin;] A man 

* fttf^l in laitgoaget. Miiton, 

WNGWORT. /. An herb. 

LI'NIMBN1\ /. [linimnt, French; /rW- 

mtntum, Latin.] Ointment ; baliam. Raj, 
|»I^INa /. [from /iiwr.] 

I. The inner co?ering of any thing. 


%» That which it witfain« Sbakefputrt, 
LINK. /. [rdenckt, German.] 

I. A fins& ring of a chain. Prur, 

S. Any thing doubled and clofed together. 

3. A chain ; any thing conne^ing. 


4. Any £ogIe part of a feitei or chain of 
conirquences. Had, 

5. A torch made of pitch and harda. 

. i. BoweL 

To Uf^, tr. a, [£rom the noun.] 

I. To complicate : as^ the links of a 

chaln^ ' MUton* 

t. To unite; to conjoin in concord. 


|. To join. 

4. Tojoin by confederacy or contra£b. 

''^ Hooker, , 

'^^TToconnca. , . TiUotfin, 

', f .' To unite'Sr concatenate in a regular fe- 

rieaof cdnfcquences.^ / Hooker » 

L^NKBOy. /. [iink and hoy,] A boy that 

(dirries ^ torcii to accommodate paiTengers 
^liith 'light More, 

|»NNET. /. [linot, French.] A .fmall 

fining bird. Pope, 

tIN^E*ED./. [/flw«/afi, Latin.] The feed 

. of flax. Mortimer, 

LF^SfeYW(jQL$EY. a, [/?««/» and tt^^oA] 

1^^ of lintn and wool mixed ; vile ; 

-^eao. Pope, 

Li'WTOCK. /. f/wfCf Teuronick.] A 

ifai^of wood with a maich at the end of it, 
' vftd by gunners in firing: cannon. 

"^^^ '' Dryden. 

lint;/. t*ii«««»Latiri.] 
/ 1% Tncj Uh fubftance commonly called 

flax. ' '•'" '' ■ ^. .'"'• 

%: Linen (craped into (oft woolly fubftance 
4. tb.lay on B>rie;k.'' fViJeman, 

Ufin^U /. [/ii«c«4 Frci^cb.J That part 


if ^ door frame that liet ctoft the door 
poftt over head. -Pf^fW 

LrON. /. [/r«ff, French.] The fietceft and 
moft magnanimoui of foiirfboted beaftt. 

U'ONESS . /. [ feminine of Hou,} A ihe Hon. 

LrONLEAF. /. [UonUfitulo». Latin.] 4 


LION'S^PAW. (/. [from //•«.] Th« 

LI'ON*S.TAIL. f name of aii fob. 


UP./. [Hope, Saxon.] 

I. The outer part of the mouth j fhe mof* 

clea that Aoot beyond the teeth. Saadyu 

%, The edge of any thing* Burtut. . 

«. To make a lip ; to hang the lip in (ill* 

lennefi and contempt. Sbakefj>eare» 

To LIP. V. a, [from the noun.] To kifu 

Obfot^. Shakefpeare. 

LIPLA'BOUR. / [ttp and Ukour,] Aaioa 

of the lips without concurrence ef the 

mind. Taylor^ 

LlPaTHYMOUS. n. [xi*V* and a«i.4a«.] 

Swooning; fainting. Har^nym 

LIPO'THYMY./. [X«iiro8v|i»U.] Swoon | 

fainting fit. Taylor^ 

LPPPED. a, [from/t^] Having Upt. 
LI'PPITUDE. / [lippuudt^ft. lipfntudc, 

Latin.] Blearednefs of eyes . Bacoti^ 

LrPWISDOM./. [lipundwifdom.] Wif- 
. dom in talk without pral^Uce. Sidney. 

LrQUABLE. a. [fi^m %», Latin. J Snda 

as may be melted. 
LlQUA^TION./ [from /if «tf^ Latin.] 

li The art of melting. 

a. Capacity to be melted. 
To LrqUATE. V, n. [iiquot Latin.] To 

melt: to liquefy. . Woodnoard^ 

LIQJJEFA'CTION./. [%w/i^/<»,Lat.]Thc 

adt oi melting ; the ftate of being melted. ' 

. B^om 

LrqUEFTABLE. a. [from liquefy.] Suph 

as may be melted. Baun* 

To LIQUEFY, v, a, [Hquefier^ French. J 

To, me It; to diflblve. Bucon* 

To LI QUEFY. v. n. To grow limi>i4. ^ 

LIQVB'SCENCY. /. [ttquefientia, Latjn. j 

Aptnefs to melt. 
LIQUE'SCENT./ [liquefcens, Latin.] Melt, 

ing. . \' 

LlJjJJro. tf. [liquide, Ifrcnch.] 

1^. Not folid ; not fQiQUpgone continiloyt 

fubftance; Auid. Daniel, 

, 2. Soft; clear. Crafra'w, 

3. Pronounced without any jar or harfti* 
ncia. . Drydepi, 

4. DilTolved, fo as not to be obtainat^e by 
ia>. 4fMe0 

Ly^iyiD,,/, Liquid fubftance ;nqvof!!T 

4Da T9 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



T^U'QinOATE. 'o. a, (from /i^V.) To 

c^e^r away } to IdTen debts. 
LKJUI'Diry. /. [Troa /l^ii^ J SubtUty. 

UWd^NESS. /. [from /?^«/^.J Quality 
otl>eiii£ lu)vid ; floency. JW0. 

LHQyOR. /. [/if iwr^ Latin.l 
.1. Aoy t&A« U^M. ^00^1^; 

2. Strong drink, in familiar language. 
To il'QUOR. V. If. [fr»«» *e noon.] To 

4rcncb Of inotften, " JSaimt* 

LIRICCyNFANCY. /. A fl<Jwer. 
LISN£. /. A cavity y a Jiollotv. Baie^ 

To LISP, V, n, [hhrt, Scxoil] Tb fpcak 

Ivith toe frequent tppulies of tkc tongue to 

the teeth er psiatt. Cleave/airJ^ 

USP« / [from the verb.} The aA of liff - 

ing. Tatltr, 

LFSPEJU/ [from//ii>l OaewhoKfpi. 

. J.. A toll J a catalogue. FhV, 

s. [•t'^fy FreJifili.] £nt)o(^d ground ia 
which tilts U€ ruoy and cooibsts fought. 


3. Dclire) wtniAtnefsj chcwt*. Drydtn^ 

4. A ftrip of cloth. J#yi5r* 

5. A bolder. * B%9ke/\- 
To LIST. V, n. [\jrt3D, Saxon.] To chuik j 

to defire ; to be dt^pofed. jyUt^Jt, 

To LIST. -p. a. [horn itft, a roH. J 

T. Toenlift) to enrol or rcgifter. S9tUh» 

'2. To rtUin a»4 enrol foldiers. Tfmftle^ 

3.~ To endofe for coxibat*. Drydni, 

• 4. To Xvk together, in fuch a fort a» %q 

make a particoloured fhew. IVotfn* 

5. ^0 hckrkcnto; tolifteB; to attend. 

Siaktfpeare, E*n» Jobnhn, 

LrSTED. <i. Striped j particotoured in long 

Areaks. Milfn^ 

To U'STIN. V. a. To hear 5 to attend. 

To Ll'STfiN. V. n. To hcjwken j to give 

attention. BacQn. 

trSTNElt, /. [from njfin,') One thai 

hearkens ; a hearkener. S'ttfift. 

tl'STLESS/tf. [frem /{/?.] 

I. Without inclination 5 without any de- 

terminatfoa to one more than another. 

' 2. Cai«fefe ; heedlels. t>ry)ietu 

tl'STLESLY. ad. [from ///i^l.] Without 

thou^t^ without attention. Lucki^ 

LrSTLESNP.SS. /. [iiomllJiUfs,'] Inatten- 
" t^on } want of defire. ^Itiylor^ 

Lit, the preterite of I'l^t, AddiUr.^ 

tl'TAN Y. /. [Xilaww.J A form of fuppli^ 
• eatery prayer. Hoehr, tayJor^ 

LATERAL, a, [lifera/, Fitnch.] 
•* I. According to the primitive meaning, 

not figurative. ^ Uammwid^ 

' %, Following the letter, or exacl words. 

- ^ ' . ' ^ HoQk^ 

' 3. Confining of lettere* 

LTTERAL./. Mas^wf (jrlittnl tmm^ 
ing. Arwwvr 

LI'TERALLY. ad, [feom /JftirtiAl: 

t. According to tie pfunitive iftpoiC of 
wovds; S«^^ 

•• Whh dofe adherence t» wordt^ 

LITERA'LITY. / [ftwn ftrrtf/.J Origi- 
.j»l meankig. . Brvtau 

LJTERA^Lf. [Italian.] Th&kwntd. 

Un^BRATURI.. fi pHtrmw^, Utm.] 

Learning : ftill in letteru Banm^ JUdibn^ 

LFTHAROl. /. [mbmprum, Utfis.] L«* 
la&tfr^ it properly letoT TkrMed, cither 
alone or with a aHxtore of ooppor* Tbl« 
recrement is of two kinds, Htbofgt of |^^ 
and/fii&it^of filvcr*. It is coifeaed^Aaio 
the furnaces whese lifarei 10 TeparaBii Uttti^ 
lead, or ffoa thofe wJme pM «mL -fiber 
arc purified by means of that metal. T^ 
Mtbargt (old in the ib4pi ia ptadVCed lia 
the copper workcy wheroMaA 1mm beea»<iA 
to puri^ that metal^ or to kfttmtm filver 
TTftn tt. J2if/» 

LITHE. 0. [ySe, Saxon.] limber ; fiex* 
ibie. ^ idilt^n. 

LKTfffiHESS./. [fromRtbe^] Limbernelc^ 

Li'THER. a, [from tstbe.} Sofr| ^Ikak. 

UTHO'ORAPHY. /. The art or praftice 

of eogravtog tip4n Aood. 
LITHOMAHCY. /. [Xi'dn assd ^s^4 

Paedt^ion by ftones. Smmrn* 

LlTHONTRI'mCK. u. f x/9tc«Hi'r^«. j 

Any medicine proper to didblve the ftone 

in the kidneys or bladder. 
LITHCVTOMIST. f, [xi^ md ^^191.] 

A chirurgeon who extradls the ftone by- 
opening the bladder.^ 
LITHCyrOMY. /. [attend d^w*..] The 

art or practice of cuttkif lor thcftOa*. 
U'T10ANT./..(lfe^a«, Latin.) Oneen^ 

gaged in a ^t ^ law. VMrmige, 

LFTIGANT. «. Engaged in a Juridical 

contcft, '4r£yi* 

ToLI'TlGATE. v, a. [/irigo, Latin.} T» 

conteft in law ; to debate by jndidai pio*> 

To LITIGATE, v. «. Td manage n flik | 

to carry oa a cauiic. JhMe^ 

LITIGA'TION./. [Uti^oH^UitiTu'l Ju. 

dicial conteft ; &it of law: 'Ctafernkm^ 
LITItilOUS. a, [Mptm^ Ficsidi.] 

1. Inclinable to law^ioita^ qu wie l i i mi e \ 
. wrangling. Domtt^ 

2. Difputable; co nUU vcf U ble. 

LITPGIOUSLY. 4id, [from litipmt,\ 

Wranglingly. ' 
LITI'GIOUSNESS. /. [from i^it^MM.] A 
• wangling diiMfiCoa» 

• " UTTER^ 

Digitizejj by" VjOOQ l-C 


^ nv 

. Ih Jk Uk^A of vehicolary bed. Dryitn* 

4* Any gwpfcer. of tteji ikwiW AntttfJy 
jAttm; Swift, 

5* A>tftli of •nMHda^ Unim^ 

1» Z^ bring forth : ofed of beaftt. 


f..T» (•r« with. ^Mbfi ai||l|attyw 

> 1f^ cot«r with ftrav^ Ihydm* 

iTU* tfh cpn^. 4p/j^ (l|fNrUt» Au^ $ 

[)#«el, Saxon.] 

»» Vot pritt; a fin$U t . iiflliflnCitt \ •! 

.^Qf finall dignity, power, or iropor- 
MWfw . ^ tSUmmL 

4ft Ifot nracb ; not many, 
fa Avne : dqI$0O0*. LoAilf. 

a* A fmall fpace. Dtydm, 

3. A flitlKtftayi* PW0r. 

4» 1>^ Aid). fi&9»7«. 

UTXXE. a/. 

1. In a fmall quantity* 

S« Id Ibint dfff^ev faiiit not gnat. 


. 4*. )M annch. £w^ 

U'TTLEKISS./ [frMiarir.] 
i* $a«iUc6 of buik. ^anut4 

S* Meanne6 : want of grai^eur. 

% Want of di^aily. CoUi^r. 

U'TTORAU #. [///#^«^ Utia») Be- 

ktmrng^to the fliore. 
iJTUfcaYi. /* {iO^Ui niWfU, Fr.l 

FotSi of prayets { fooMiary of pnblkk 

4««tiout. Htokir* Tayior', 

To LIVE, tf, 0. [lypian, lypij^n, Saocon.] 

t« To be in a fta&e of aainuikMi j to be 

«* l^paff liffttftMycQrtaiamafMer with 
avgaid to habitty good or ill, happlaels or 
miiiEfy. Hammtmd, 

f • To continue in life. Skaktfftare, 

4- To lure ea^tically ;' to be is a fUte 
-e^happine^. Drydtn, 

5^ To lie exMOft fiMa death, tenpecal or 
Wtttaal. 1 Thi/falwtns, 

€• To remain undeftroyed. Burnet » 

7> To cQociaiief not to be loft. Poftk 
'4.^To' eonTcrfcj to cohabk. 


9. To feed. Jkimtbnot, 

'- ID. To4i»intaio ooe't ^If. TtvifU% 



II. To beina Aftteof a^atftegetu 
tio«. ... - 

. i«. To be unextinguiiheA 

i« Qakk) Aot dead. flrdbi, 

a» Aaivej Mft «NuitMUhed« 
kVVILESS^ «i. [from Am.) 
. life s rather mUh, &kMMhr« 

LHVEUHOODi./. Sa^fMCcTUfeiAiahiA 

toMiict^ meaaeof mm^ 

LI'VEI.|ME$A.>:ifiim/ipa^4 ^ 
i> Afpeaiaiica of Ufcw 

»• Viaacityi fprightlineft. 
LnrtLODE. /. AiaiaiMwt) 

UnrELONG. tf. [/i«f a«d%J 

1. T<dtoq8 1 long^in puffing.. "' 
:(« Lafttfig} dunbkk. 

I.I'VELY. a. lUw 2nd like.) 

a. BriikfyvigMout; vi«ao$onp» 
. a* Gay} aky. 
. f. Repfcfenting life. 

4. Strong) oaekgelick* 

». Briiklys ingtymiiilyw Ha^titfrA 

2. With ftrong refemUaoMflf life* 

hyVBSL.f. [from live,} 

I. One^h#livcak ~ . Bfimr4. 

%; One vikQ litta In aay paittaulfr fian- 
•er. Atuxitaj. 

5. One of the caitailt. SJb^Mtm^e* 
U'VERCOLOUR. 4U invtr aad c^&ur.J 

I>aekrcd. mmdwarJ. 

U'TERGROWN. «. [«v«r and ^mw.] 

Having a great IWer. . C^mat^ 

LIVERWORT. /. (/»^ and w/a,] a 

WVEKY.f. [kfmSiirtr, VwtmKI 

1. The aa of gtntac m t«kiog aoiaai^p. 

a. Release fiwrn waoHllip. i^CEiyOiiA^ 
, 3. The writ by which ppfleAwi laabtain- 
. ed, 

4. The ftate of being kept at a certaia 

rate. . . Spu^^ 

. 5. The dothei given to fervantt. /^. 

0. A particular dfa6$ a garb wom at 4 
token or confequence of any thing. 

U'VERYMAN. /. {li'utry and irw.] 

1. One who wean a hvc^ ; a ftrvanc of 
aa infVricr kmd. Af^bnUk 

2. [In ^qndon.] A faeeman of /omt 
finding in a company. 

LIVES. /. [the piuiai of lifeA DonMk 

LI^VID. «. [livUlit*, Latin.] Ddlkofeoied, 

as with a blow. . Saton^ 

UVroiTY./ [//vWiV, French.] Difco^. 

lourationj as by a blow. .^f^bfoJU 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

. t^ Support } mainteoance ; fortune ttn 

;^«Miiehone4ivet. ' ' "SUbiey. 

S. P^wiir of conti|iiit&glil^» VEfirangei 

.' ^. liv^ihood. HMt^iCs "tale. 

U^iNGLV. , 4frf. [ftqm /^/is^.] * In the 
: ffving fftte. BroWw, 

Ji»*TlE;./. {R«ich.] .ThWlpm by «hW 

^ the French reckoiX thoir money; equal 
-Mt^y to oor (hilling* 

VaVVlAiX. 4ft. [from iipcikflum, Lttin.] 
. t* Impregnated with faltt lildb a lixivi- 
. tun, jSrBitthtM, 

' s« 06tai|ied by IhuvMm. • ' Boytt^ 

ilXI'VlATE. «. [from /l*h'/«i«, Latin.] 
Making a lixivium: ^Broxt^n* 

UXPtnUM. f. [Utin.] Lye 5 water im- 
. pregnated with fait <tf whatfoever kind/ 

U'ZA'RD. '/. [lifardc, French*] An animal 
. lelhnblbg a lerpent^ with legs added to it. 
LIZA'RDITAL. /. A plant. 
LT^'RDSTONE. /. [kmr4znAftone,'\ A 

kind of ftone. ' * ' 

H L. D. /. [tepim ^•Shr,'] Adoaor of the 

canon and «iviliaw8. 
LO* inttrjeS^» £la> Saxon.] Look j fee ; be- 
' hold. Drydem* 

L^ACH. /. Rof£^ French.] A fifh: he 
breeds and feeds in little and ^iear fwift 
brooki or rilli, and Jives there upon the 
. f^dy and in the ibarpeil ftreams: he 
f grows not to be above a iin^ long : he is 
of the /hape of ^ eel, and has a beard of 
battels like abarbel; fFaiten* 

tOAD. /. (hla1>e, Saxon:] 
. !• A , burthen i a freight | lading. 
' ' , DryJen. 

%, Any thia| that -deprefles. Ray, 

«. A« much drink as one can bear. 
;• - , VEfirangi. 

To LOAU. V. a. [hlaban, Saxon.] 

I. To b«rden ; to freight. Hbakefputre, 
^ To encumber; to embarrafs. Loekt, 
'^ . 3. To charge a gun. H^tjetruzn, 

. 4. To make heavy by fomething appended 
* urannej^cd. Mdijon, 

LOAD. /. The leading vein in a mine. 

LCADER./. prom&tf^.] He who loads. 
LiyADSMAN. /. [lode and mdk.} ' He who 
. les^s the w;*y ; abilot. ' 

j^CADSTAR. /. 'tfrum laetjan, to lead.] 
•• The poteftar $ the cynofurc 5 the leading 
' or guiding ftar. Spinjer, 

tCyADSTONE. /. The magnet 5 the ftone 
. on which the mariners cooipafs needle is 
. touched to give it a dire£lion ndrth and 
. fouth, , Hill, 

tOAf. /.'f from'hhf?, Ssrtohv] * ' ^ : 
. t. A mais of breai as it is formed \fy 'the 

iaker : t k4f it thicker than d tAi, 

i^ Anymiiaintowhichabodylswrougl^ 

LOAM. Ji [hm, laanif Saton.] fit/ i?i«c- 
- mous/ ccnacibus^ ean)^ | marl. 

To LOAM. V. a. [from the noiin.J Tm 
iinetrwithtoami marl^ •relay} to day it-' 

LO^AMY. a. [fromiWj Marly. Bocom. 
LOAN; /. [hl«h, Saxon.]^ Arty thing lent | 

• any thing given to another^ oli coadition of 

• return or repayment, BaeffHm 
LOATH, a. (laS, Saxon.] UAwiUingj iit^ 

liking} not ready. 

SlJfUy^ Spenfir, S^uthetht^ 
To LOATHB. t, a, [trom the noun.] 
X.' To b^te ; to look on with abhorrence* 

s> To cortiider with the difguft of iiitiety. * 

3. To fee food IKrith^Ulikd. S^iwcy. 

To LOATHE. «. ». To create di%ui( ; xmf 

caufe abhorrence. Spgnftrm 

LO'ATHER. /. If^AiMb.} OnillMit 

LO'ATHFUL. j. {katb^nAfiUA ' ' 

z. Abhorring; hating, Hubber^tT^le, 

%, Abhorred \ hated. . Sunltr^ 

LO'ATHINGLY. ad. \homt04tbt.l la a 

fafti jious manner. I 

LO'ATHLY. a. [htm Uatb.} Ha^«l| 

abhorred. Shake/peart. 

LO'ATHLY. ad. [rrom batB.] ljAW]iliii|,. 

ly; without liking or inclination. lUanef 
LO'ATHNESS./. [from loath.} UnwAliag* 

nefs. Bacbm% 

LO'ATHSOME. a. [from hath.} 

I. Abhorred; deteAable, ' ' South* 

%, Caufing fadety or failidioufbefi. 

LO^ATHSOMENESS. /. {from kathfome.} 

Quality of rai6ng hatred. Addifm. 

LOAVES, pluial of W. Bacw,. 


z. Any one heavy, ckimfy, or fldggifli* 

ft. 'Lob*8 pound ; a prifiMk Hudihroi, 

* 3* A big worm. . SToAon. 

To LOB. V. «. To let fall in llovenly or* 

laz^ Aanner. Sbakiffitre, 

LOfBCY. /. [Uube, German.] Ati <i^ci|ng 

before a room. . BTomn, 

hOU^ J. [lobe, French 5 XgCiy.! A di^ifi^ | 

I diflrht^ part : ufed commodi}^ ibc 9^ai;c 

of the lungs. Aituibi^* 

LO'BSTER. /, tlibf teji, Swon. J ^k c^f. 

tacebus fiifc. '^ * 'Baio9U 

Lt>tAL.,f, r/^r, Latin.] - 

1 .'•H^ing the properties of pUc'e. ]Pritf% 
'^'.^^Kdating to pjacc. J^^^^/fiSEpwr/jfar. 

3. Being in a particular pU^» uigby* 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


MCAXmr. /. {hamlMl.} WuHnm in 
pUce^ rgX^tumaffhoc, wt diftaiict, . 


I^C AlLY. s. [from /octfA] l^th rt%«a 

to|iUQi. . OiativiUe^ 

.JjyCA'TJON. f. [locatio, Latin,] Situation 

wi^xt(^e£kCoplace{ a^«f pladng^ 

JLOCH./ AUke. Srotfiai. aAny. 

llOCf./. [loc^Saxoa.] , 
i..:An inilruiiiefic compofed of rpriogt and 
bohi, iifed to faften doon or cbefti. v$/«4^. 
ft. The part of the gun h^ yrhifh fire is 
ftn^k. > <?)!««•. 

. 3* A hug ; a grapple. Milton* 

#. Any tnclofure^ Drydeu, 

{• A quantity of hair or wool hanging to- 
gether. Sptnfif. 
6. Atuft« Add^fon. 

To tOCKL. V. tf . tfrom the noun.] 
I. To Aiut ^f fftftetk with locki, Drydm. 
2« To fluit up or conBiie, as with locikt* 

. 3. Tod«fef;MI« Ctn^ 

To LOCK. V. «. 

f . To become faft hy a lock, ^petftt, 

ft* To unite by mutual infertioa. • Boyie, 

lO'CViSJL. /. [fipm iocit,} Any thing that 

ia i^fed with a lock; a drt«»er. 

' ftoiinfan Crvfie^ 

WyCKET, /. [%rt, French.] A fmali 

lock ; any faech or fpring to faften a n«ck- 

Izx^^ or other ornament. ^uMbrms, 

tOfCKLIlAM, /. AfortQf coarfelinen. 

IXXCKRON. /. A kind of ranunculus. 
lOCOMQ'TIOK* /. lUcM* find^motki, l»t.'\ 
Power of changing place. Brown, 

I'OCOMOTIVE. 4. {^iri ai|d merveo, UlU] 
' Changing plaqp ^ having the power *if re- 
moving or changing place. Derbam, 
LCyquST. /s [kfuM ^^^ J ^^ devourijig 
lidtBt* ' jSrhubnot, 
rlCKOTST-TREB* / Atrpf5. MiUA. 
WDESTAR, See LoAnsTA « . 
lOn>ESTOMf. 5ee Loadstone, 
ToJLODGE* ^«ia. [losiao, Saxofi.] 
I* To place in a temporary habitation* 


V To afibrd a tempocary dwelling. S>ryd, 

' 3* '^oplaco; to plant. .X>tv;aj, 

4. To fix) to fettle. Skghjfiare, 

5. To p{ace inthftmeawry. . Mu9»^ 
' ^ To harbour or. cover. ..i^ddi/in, 

7* T9 «9bfd pl|ice tp. . J '-' ■ iC^^, 
' S. Tolayjat.. ' Uali^^are. 

ToiOipCB. tr. a. . :; . V 

^ 1. T« re'fide; to.k«ep nA^^nct. AUkon^ 
^1* Jo take a ttmporary habi^tiofi. 

. .^ .• MSmuL 
J; To take up refidenfe at night. 7^^, 

ft^Afmallhouiet aa, theB0iter>vl|4K^ 

LaOKSEMENT. /• tMn^ 

. 9. Accumolation, «r coUocaEoa li| afef. 
tain place. PfrSm* 

ft. PolTelf^n of the e^eny^t worllv^U^j^ 

l.O'DpER. /. ffroto A%^J . T 
I. One who Jivet in rooms hired in ^ 
houfe of another. Arhnkm^ 

%f One that refidea 10 any placr* i^M. 

LO'DCING. /. fftom lodio^ 

I. Tempofary habiutlMi} foomahtrtdui 
the houfe of another^ M^tm^ 

9. Place of refidence. ^tMcr. 

3. Harbour; covert. Si£uf» 

4. Convenience to lleep on, fiaWm 
ton*. /. [m/t, WcUh. J 

I. A floor. Satp^t 

a. Tha^gfa^floor^ ^far^ 

3. Rooms on high. Miim^ 

LO'FTILY. md. [from lofty.] 
I, On high } in an elevated phice, 
%* Proudly } haughtily, Pfalmtm 

3, With elrvation of language or fentf- 
ment ; fublimely. ^ficnfm, 

LO^FTINESS. /, ffiom Icfy.] 
I . Height ; ' local elevation. . . 
j|. SuhliaiQri elevation of len^ment, 

1, priip I haoglifiyeft, . , Ciitifr^ 
LO' f TV ' a. [from loft, ot lift] ' ^ 

, If High; hpvcflngi elevated in ^ace. 

ft« Sublime 5 elevated 49 lentiiixent, 

3f Proud; haagto, .* Drjdgm 

LOG.^ , . ' ^ 

_ I. A ihapelefi bulky piece of wood* Batwa^ 

2. An Hebrew adeafurt, , .which held a 
quarter of a cab, and cpkie^uently five- 
fixths of a pint, CiAviff; 

tO'GARlTHMS. /. [x^;^ and oc'VkJ 
The indexes of the rat^ps of ^ numbers ^one 
to another. iUifris, 

LOGGERHEAD./ [%ir, Dutch, ^fti^id^ 

LO'GICAL. a. [from Vfi.J 

, VI*' Pertaining to logick. JJo^r* 

y.^f.. SJullcd in ^f)gi€k^ fnrniihfd with lo* 

l^kf AdHftn. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



anhml^durved otft by 







. ^--v o~ •-©-;• — »• 

" 9ifaTyy4zatfl, wdnd'dfardcepy 'ihfonliy red co- 

• "^tfitx. It grows OB the eoaft of the'bty of 
^Cimpcachy. «///. 

CiyWOCK. /. Mcdiciriiw wWdi ife cow 

.'i^Dimiionly dklkd 'tdkfpntak\ Itmbattyes, 

or lin£iu8*8. iluinef, 

liOSfk. Y. r//wy«, WelftJ 

• 3. *rhc back of «i anh 
thr butcher. 

To LOrreH. V, ». {/•<W'ir/r, Dtittfh.] ' To 
' Itnffer; to fpead ^titiit cardefsly. I4cke, 
liCyiTER^Il. /. ffWm hitrr:} A lipgerer^ 

• an idler; a laxy \irfttth. 

To LOLL. i^.!b. 

i;-Tb '!tt* idly'* 'tDiicftaiii*y«g*mfr«ny 

• ^iTolia^^g'out. 'Ufed-bf thclon^e, 

r '' 'Tbryrf«r. 

To*E€BiL.'<^. tf. ^To*^otit.' ^bri^en. 
'Id&MP. /. A kind of rqundifli fifh. 
LONE. v.<fc^tHi^ed>rrofti«zrofif;] 

• t. *)5olitary. Sav^e, 
'"». Single; withoutXe^irrpMiy, Pe^e, 

LO'N£UN£$S. / Xfrom /oi^r^.] fiolhude'; 

- ^ wsmr tiff- coirtpimy . S'tSt^, 

^6^1fEL*r. tf. prom7oi».g SAlifaf^ j-ad- 
ffia^^fdHtntle* • SBUki^^re, 

*0*!feNESS. /. [fro<p/«if.1 SolitOhkj'dif- 
>!Jkc «f rtiJmpaiiy^. ^ -Dowfe. 

flO^I£$6M£. tf. ^ftoto Vow.] JBdlitary} 
SMkal. -Bhththre, 

f0t9O.g. fA;jgtevfeadn.j ' 

■ ^i.'^NAt-ftort. , X»**, 

3 • 'Having 'oiR tff itv gtionidtncal-diMcn- 
^ioYiJ-in^a greater decree than cither of ^thc 
^^ftfbtr, '%&• 

3j. OfanytcerKftj-meAftireln'leftlth. 

: ^^.^N»t*fdfti*ttaA!gJ>rl>t-t*i'^» * • 
'5. !»)l4«ry. * ^ .1 ' SflriSi 

' 7. Wejtchfiig to^a |ffeai!'«ft«rte.' ^>Hk€r. 

• ^. ^rotra£lcd : s^, a long n^r. ^ 
LONG, ad, - "1 ^ ^ • ' 

^. Toagytatbif^ft; •^'^ ^WfV. 

|.'Jfiot^ftrVwoft^tMNV'' ^*"*i/f^Jr. 

^ fii<te conptnrtivr. il fi|fldBii1brttiofpe 
tittt«5 sod n tMie i«pe4a«nc^ (for «oft.||me. 


5* At a point of duration far « 

6. rF«r tfAttr^f ah4$t^, Vcj ^All aimg $ 
' throughout. Sbakefpemre^ 

i^Nt}. a/. By ttte fanrit. 5\&ai(^Mi^. 
To LONG. V. ff. 1^ idtfiM tarDe% ; 40 

iHA 'vntli eagoradt cMVinoed. J^^fiiy^Ar. 
LONGAWMITY. /. [</»)««»ai«i»yiit.j 

Forbearance^ patienoeofxif&nces, Hmvcl. 
IjO^NGBOAT. y; The largeft boat %el»ng. 

ing to a (hip, ' W-mon. 

fX>NCE'VITY. /. [ibitgtfiMf, <.atin. J - 

Length bf tife. jMuthnou 

LONCl'MANOUS. / [/o«gfW»»i, Latin.] 

Long- handed \ having longtiaftdt. 

'Ldt4<$rM£TllY. /. y^ngutmA fi.t^im\ 

• Softgimitffie, F^oneh^.] T^S iJC<or fradice 

^f flMnAiring diftancet. Cbeyne^ 

LOUNGING. /. {UomUttgS\ 'Eua^ difire. 

I^O^I^INCLY.A/.ffromibi^^.] With 
inceiTant wMbct, tDpfJem, 

JLO-NCITUDE. /. {hitgkiuie, Ftanch^ Im. 
^;7a^, Latin.] 
I. LeQgth 5 the greateft dimenlion. 

«; The ^«freQ«fiBwvnoe <of 4he tatt^ liiea.^ 
^ AiMd tfrom any .^ ffw fa H a i i. Ai6ot, 

-$, The'^iftattte-ttfiany l>att 4»f ithccMii 
^to the 'caA or weft of any place. 

4. The ipofitioa of any thing to^f^or 

(L&N6I3»U1MNAL. ^. {A^^z-^^m/, Fr;j 
Measured byithelefi^th \ tooMug 'lA^the 
Icngkftdircaion. . Cktyne, 

' 'WiihH^eat liking* "' ' *' 


wearifoirDe^y ic»4<ii|tfa* 
LO^GSU<FFe»IKO. ^. f II 

in^.J f^atknC; »M ejfiljr ]^ 

.M>iWdSUFFERING. /. Patience of of- 
"frtace^l Hemenpyj TXf^ri. 

•LO'^IGTAIL. /. 'fAijf «nd.««:] .>IDutv^nd 
' 40^ «ail : a cantingtctrtni ' . f^aiuhfj^re, 
•IsOCtiGWAY^.^. ihitthv hmgjttDdinaidi. 
.»^|ftttk)n. .-.V >,•-...< . '^JffdJifon. 

JbO^^^WINDED. Qd. {liiw-)|yid kvi^. ] 
.••-•4.#^i^athed ; tedious..^ J. ' 'SStft. 
LO'NGWXSE. ad. [lonj^maAvpJfljaA^ 
..wiol^itudtoar'^ht^MT") ^iSatoM. 

LOO. ./. A^ganiierKiogfdij . c B^e, 
h^fi^ llooiyziidftke.] Aukward| 

MOF:y. It is that tart .iMfOidl^Ihe Sip 


Digitized by VjOQQIC 

t. O 


vAntAi ile* jtiftte/brfe the chefc-trecl, as tO'OklilG-GLASS. J,, [look a/id gh 
farttthcbulkirtadofthecaftle, "' ^ 

Se« Diffhnary, 

^o LOOP. ^. tf4 To kriiig thft ihip etofi tb 
a wind. 

tO'OBy;/ AW>be*j adum(>tU«h. 

LCXOFED. tf. (frort a^tff.]' Gone to a dif- 

Uttce, , ^Mhjfeari* 

.T» LOOK. <E^. ».' [locafi, Saxon.] 

2i To dMcd tht eye to or ftoiH any obje£t. 

*. To Iwrve pdwef of ftteing, Dr;3W. 

. 3, To direct the intclleauai eye. 

. 4. To txpeCt. Clarervdon. 

5« To take care ; to watch. L$cie» 

6. To^ difo^ed widi regard to axiy ob- 
ject. Fr^trbt. 

7. To havt any particular appearance, 

It. T<» feefli. ' Buttiik, 

9. To have any air, inien, Or manner. 

16. To form the air liK any patticular 
inanner. it^lwU 

li« To Look ahoutone* ^ To be alarihed; 
to be vigilant. ... Bat^. 

fa. To LooH after* To attend j to take 
cart off Locki. 

j\. To Look fir, . Tdexpefti Siiin^ 

14. TVLodJt i/uci Tc^exanine; to 6ft>i 
, t6 inipea clofelir. . ^rkrktt/. 

i5» To,LooK oiti To refpe^ f to regard ; 

To confidfcf; &w;&. 



To examine ^ to try 


to cftf erti. 

l6.t7V Look ^. 

Xy. To Look •», 


it* T* Look over* 

one jby one^ 

i^. 7b Look otf^ 

.ao« To LooJi 00/. 

Tofearchj to feck. 

To be on the Witch. 

To. watch J to tako tare 

Tobebddv . 

it. T^ Look /o. 

1U Tp Look fo, 
.'To look. v. tf. " 

I. X« f<^k } to fearch for. SfiOifer. 

i. To turn the eye upon, » -Kiferj. 

^. To iDfipeoce by looks^ ^ D^tSin, 
4,; tlV Lo6k om/. To dlfcover by feariMog. 
; ., OrdUnti 

lOQKi inietji See! lo! lieiwU i «b<tfr^. 

looE. /: 

ti Air of the fata $ nuan | .xaft of the 

t^liteoancf .- % Drydtn, jun* 

^ a. The a£l of looking or (eeing. Dt^mM. 

t. One that looks. 

t. Looks a ca. Spcflatof, not agent. 

Vot. IL 

Miitot ) a glad #hieh iBewt formv rokiec- 
ted. 5«(/Ai 

LDOM. A t/Nft»i a tddt or Sn^rtfcyhlj 
Jtimus.\ The ffiitte in whkh the ptei^exk 
work their cloth. MdAJon^ 

to LOOM. V, «. [h$bmtn» Saion.] Td 
apnear at iea. ikHmer, 

LOOM. /. A hird. A Mm is al bi^ as m 
goofe ^ of a dark tdk^r, dapplM %\x)i 
white (pots oh the neck, back, and wings | 
each feather marked near the poidt iritH 
twofpotsi ^tfybroedidFafrlfland. 

LOON. /. A forrjrfellbWj i ftobhdrel. - 

LOOP. /. [from fbopeX, DtJtch;] A rftftjbid 
thibygh whieh a ftrihg br lac< it drtWri | 
an drnamenial double or fringe. Spihfen 

LO'OPED. «. [from loop.] Full fef h61ei* 

LO'OPHOtE* / t/o»p aftd bole,] 
S.' Aperture .; hole to give a pafllige. 

a. A(hift; ariefafibni D^errt 

•Lb'OPHOLED. «. [from loophole.] Full of 
holes: full of dpenirtgs. Hketiirau 

LOO^& /. [hern, Dutdi.J A Uroht', 


'Po LOOSE* V, £. fl0p*> Saxon; J 

li To unbifad j to untjc any thirfg fafffeff^* 

«. Toftlaxi Paniell 

§. To unbind a^ Me ^cMidi jfUoii 

4. To free from imptifoiiment. iJaMhi 
i. Tofttfeftoiftajiytbligatioft., iCr; 
0. To fr^e from afty thing that ^ackl<i$ th« 
mindi • bffdtm 
i, fo frefc JTOto'aay thin|g painful. 

5. To 4ifengage. , tr^dcm 
To LOOSE, •». *. T^ f!Jt fall j to def fH 

• by loofing th**art<Hdf I . Jiesi 
LOOSE, tf; [from the Tferb.] 

J. Unbound; lirttled. Shdke^ar^t 

it. Not firtl ; not fixed; . Senfteyi 

J. Not tight : as, a /b«/^ robei* ' 

4. Not croudftitrj HoteMi nMohi 

■ 5. Wantori ; nbt f hafte?. ^ ^f^aff^* 

6. Nbtclofcjf rtotcondfe'j ISX*; /^e»; 

7. Vagtit} imitter*iirtate# ' Arhu'thnot, 

• 8. Nflt ftrie 5 not rigid. Bocke^i 
^, Unconneftedj r^mbHTl|; J^attsi 
10. Lar of bodj' J «0t coftiviT; * L^^f l^j 

■ ir. Dlfengagcdj notcnflaved. Aitcthuty, 
l»; Dii^ngaged from obtigatio/i. Adtjon 
13. Frrt frofacoftlifiettrenr. Ft ton 

^4. Rcurifs; not attentive. 
ic. To ^/-mA Loose; Tog^ft liteffv; 

' to^h 

16. To /*f Loc»iE* To^ ftt rft liberty ; to 
i'iXf^x large, I'tiilnrr. 

LOOSE./, [from the veibj 

^ * Digitized by GoO^ld**" 


L O S 

X. Liberty j freedom from reftraint. 

' %» Dirmlflion from any reAraining force. 





ne^ioft. Ncrris, 


y, HGohefj, 

yvithout dignity. 


7. Unchaftely. Jf^pe, 

To LO'OSEN. V. a, [from kofeJ] To part. 

To LO'OSEN. 01. «. [from loop,] 
X. To relax any thing tied. 
%• To make left coherent. Bacon, 

3. To feparate a compages. Dryden, 

4. To free from reftraint. Dryden. 

5. To make not coftivc. Bacon, 
LO'OSENESS. /. [from loofe.] 

I. State contrary to. that of being faft or 
fixed. . B^on. 

s. Latitude; criminal levity. Atterbury, 

3. Irregularity; negled of laws. 


4. Lewdnefs; un<;baiHty. Spenfer, 

5. Diarrhoea^ flux of the belly, jSibutbnot, 
LO'aSEStRIFE. /, [lyfimachia, Lat.] An 

herb. . - .. ., Miller, 

To LOP.. 11. tf. 

I. To cut the branches of trees. 


X. To cut any thing. Howel, 

LOP. /. \ixom the verb.] . 
■ 1. That which is 514 from trees. 

, s Mortimer, 

a. [Lappa, Swcdiih;) ^A^flca. 
•LOPE. fret, of Aw/>. -Obfolete. t Sper^er, 
LO'PPER. /. [froni /o/».] One that cuts 


I. Full" of talk; fi^loflongue, Milton, 

»/Speakingi ,• , Bhiilips, 

3, Blabbing; not fecret. 
iJ0QUA^6iry,f. [loquadtas, Latin.] Too 
J much talk, . Bay, 

LpRX)./. [hlapfi|i!s&, Saxon.] 

I. Monarch; ruler; governour. Milton, 

a. Mato; lupreme pcrfoti. Sbakefpeare, 

3. A tyrant ; an oppreflive ruler. • .^ 

, . Hayward. 

4. A hulbaijd. v ^ Po/<f. 

5. One who is at the head of any bufioefs; 
an overfeer. . Tw^r. 

6. A nobleman, , . Sbakefptare, 

7. A general name for a ^eer of EngUnd. 

King Charles. 
%, Aharon. 

9. An honorary title applied to ofEccs: 
as, /w'</ chief judiec, W mayor. 

To LORD. V, n. To domineer ; to rule dc-t 
fpotically. ' Spenfer, Vhiffips. 

LO'RDING. /. [ffom lord,^ Lofd in con- 
tempt or ridicule. Sbakefpeare^ 

LO'RDLING. /. A diminutive lord. 


LO'RDLINESS. f,^ [from lordly, '] 

. " I. Dignity ; high (lation. Shakefpeflrt^ 

' 2. Pjridc; haughtinefs. 

LCRDLY. a, [from lord.] 

I. Be/itling a lord. South, 

' s. Proud; haughty ; imperious ; infolent. 


LO'RDLY. ad* Imperioafly ; defpotically ; 
proudly. Dryden^ 

LO'RDSHIP./. [from/or^.] 

I. Dominion ; power. Sidney. Wotfon* 
%* Seigniory; domain. Dry den m 

3. Title of honour ufed to a nobleman not 
. a duke. Ben. Jobnfbn, 

4. Titulary compellation of judges, and 
- fome other perfons in authority. 

LORE./, [from laejiany Sax. to learn.] Lci^ 
fon; dooiine; inftru£iion. 

Fairfax. Mtlton, Pope^ 

LORE. tf. [leo)ian,Saxpn.] Loft; deftroyed. 

LO^EL. /. [from leofian, Saxon.] An 

abandoned fcouhdrel. ■ Spenfer^ 

To LO'RICATE, v. a. To plate over. 

LO'RIMER.7 /. [/crwiffr, French.] Bridle 
LO^RINER. $ cutter, 
LO'RIOT. /. A kind of bird. 
LORN. pret. paff, of lojiian, Saxon. For- 
. faken ; l^oft. Spenferm 

To LOSE. V. a, [leopan, Saxon.] 

I. To forfeit by unlucky conteft ; the con- 

. trarytowin. Dryden, 

. ». To be deprived of, fCnollet, 

3. To fuffer deprivation of. Matthew, 

4, To polTefs no longer ; contrary to keep, 


. . 5. To have any thing gone fo as that it 

cannot be found, or had again. SHvi/e, 

6. To bewilder. King Charles, 

, .7. To deprive of. Temple, 

8. To kill ; to deftroy. 

9. To throw away; to employ I nefleflu- 
ally. Pope, 

10. .To mtfs ; to part withj fo as not to 
recover. Clarendon, 

To LOSE. V. n, 

. . J, Not to win. Shahefpeare, 

a. To decline ; to fail, Milton, 

.LO'SMBLE. a, [ffom /o/e,] Subjeft to 

privation. Boyle, 

LO'SEL. /. [from lopan, to perifli.J A 

f^toundrel ;- a forry vmrthlefs fellow. 

Hubberd's l*ale, 
.L.O'SER./. [firom fofe.] One that is deprived 

of any thing ; one that forfeits any thing; 

the contrary to winner or gainer, Taylor, 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

L O V 


LOSS. /. [from lofe,] 
I. Forfeiture 5 the contrary to gain. . 

±. Mifs. Sbakejpeare, 

3. Deprivaf ion. 

4. De/tru^ion. Diyden,^ 
' 5. Fauit| puzzle. South* 

6. C/ZeJefs application. Aid'tfon, 

ImOST, participial a* [from /<)/<?.] No longer 
perceptible. Pope, 

LOT. /. fhiot, Saxon.] 
' z. Fortune ; ftate afligned. 

2. A die, or any thing ufed in deterininuig 
cbajices. Dryden^ 

3. A lucky or widied chance. Shakefpeare, 
' 4. A portion; a parcel of goods as being 

drawn by lot. 

5< Proportion of taxes : as, to pay fcot and 
tOTEfrre or nett/e tree, f, A tree. 
IXyTION./. [/«ATo, Latin ; iotion, French.] 
' A iotfon is a form of medicine compounded 
of aqueous Kquids, ufedtowafli. S^incy, 
LO'TTERY . /. [htterie, French 5 from' /tf .] 
A game of chance ; a fortllege ; diftribu- 
tion of prizes by chance. South, 

LO'VAGE. /. Vevijiicum, Latin.] A plant. 
LOUD. a. 

'I. Koify/ AriJdng the ear with great 
force. Pope, 

' «. Clamoronsj turbulent.- Proverbs, 

L(yUDLy. ad. [from foud,] ; 

1. Noifilyj fo as to' be heard far. Denbam, 

' ». Clamoroufly. Snoift, 

LO'UDNESS. /. Noife; force of found j 

turbulence j vehemence or furioUfnefs of 

* clamour. Houtb, 

To LOVE.' t^. J. [lupian, Saion.] 

1. To regard with paflionac aftc^tion, 

a. To regard with the affection of a friend. 

3. To regard with parental tcndcrnefs. 


■ 4. To be pleafcd with. Bacon, 

■ 5. To regard with reverent uAwiUingnefs 
tooffend< Deuteronomy, 

W)VE, /. [from the verb.] 

1. The paflion between the fexes. Pope, 
' 2. Kiodnefs ; good-will 3 friendihip. 


3. CWttfli^p. Bacon. 

4. Tendernefs; parental care. TtUotfon, 
' $, Liking; inclination to. 

6. Object beloved. Shake freare, 

•7. Lcv^dnefs. Shakefpeare, 

5. Unreafonable liking. Taylor, 

9. Fondncfs; concord. Shakefpeare, 

10. Principle of union. ^ Houth, 
"II, Pi^refque reprcfcntation of love. 

12. A woTcf of endearment. Dry den, 

J3. Pucfeverencc to God, 

14. A kind of thin /ilk fluff. Style, 

LCVE APPLE. /. A plant. 

LO'VEKNOT. /. [Uve Mi kyiot,\ A com- 
plicated 6gurfi by which affc^on is fi- 
gured. , 

LCyVELETTER./. [l<roe uA Utter.'\ Let- 
ter of coortihip. Addifim* 

LO'VELILY. ad, [iiom lovely.} Amiably; 


LO'VELINESS./ [from Iwely.J Amtablc- 
nefs ; qualities of mind or body that excite 
loye, jiddifan. 

LOVELORN, a, [love and lorn,'] Forfaken 
of one's love. Milton, 

LCyVELY. a, [irom love.] Amiable} ex- 
citing love. Tiiiothn^ 

LO'VEMONGER. /. [love and monger,} 
One who deals in alFairs of love. ShaJtefp, 

LCVVER. /. [from love.] 

1. One who is in love. Dryden^- 

2. A friend } one who regards with kiad- 
nefs. Shakefpeare^ 

3. One who likes any thing. Burnet, 
LO^VEK./. [from Toiiv^r/, French.] An 

opening for the fmoke. 
LO'VESECRET. /. [love and fecret,] Se- 
' cret between lovers. Drydefi, 

LO'VESICK. a. [love and/f*.] Difordered 

with love j fanguiihing with amorous de- 

/Jre. GranvllU, 

LO'VESOME. a, [from love,] Lovely, A 

word not ufed. Dryden, 

LO'VESONG,/. [lovtzT^^fong,] Song ex- 

prelTing love. Shakefpeare, 

LO'VESUIT. /. [love and>/V.] Courtlhip, 


LO'VETALE./. [love m^ tale,] Narrative 

of love. Milton, 

LO'VETHOUGHT./. [Iwe and thought.] 

' Amorous fancy. Skakeffeare, 

LO'VETOY. /. [love and toy.] Small pre- 

fcnts given by lovers. Pcpe, 

LO'VETRICK./. [Igve and trick.] Art of 

exprefling love. Donne, 

LOUGH. /. [loch^ Irifh, a lake.] A lakej 

'a large inland landing water. Fairfax^ 
LO'VINGr participial a. [from love,] 

X. Kind ; arfeCtionate, Hayivard* 

z. Expreflingkindnefs. Efiher, 

LO'VING KINDNESS. /. Tendernefs ^ fa- 

vour J mercy. Rogers* 

LO'VINGLY. ad. [from loving,] AflSai* 

onately j with kirdnefs. Taylor^ 

LO'VINGNESS. /. [from loving,] Kind- 

•nefs; af^ftioii. » 

LOUIS D' GR. f, [French.] A golden cola 

of France, valued at about fevcnteen fliil^ ^ 

lings. SpeSator, '' 

To LOUNGE. V. n. [luiideren, Dutch.J H'q 

id](i ; to live lazily. 
LO'UNCJER. /. (f/om loUnge.] An idler. 
LOUROE. /, [longprio, Laiin.] A ..:' -n- - 

grel, ^ ^ - '^injwortk ' 

4 E lb i.uMSi^« 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


J,OUSE./. plural Ikf, {Up SajpopJ ^ ftrill 
Unimal, of which different fpecies live on 
the bodies pf men, beafts^ ajijd perhaps of 
»M Jjving creatures. Bentky, 

To LOU&E. v. if. t^rom the noun,] To 
clean from lice. Spenjtr* 

LO'USEWCHIT. /. The name of a plant. 

^iCyuSILY. ad, [from louf$,'\ In?ipa)fty^ 
• mean, and fcurvy way, 

JfcCyUSINESS. /. rfro»/(,//j5^.] Tbcft^tepf 
' abounding with lice. 

jWyuSY. tf. [from hujt.1 

I. ^waroiin^ vvi^ licpj cycr-nin vith. 
lice. Mortimtr, 
a. Mmo j Ipw born ; brc4 on the donghU* 


ya\3T, f, [leete, pld Dutcl^.] A mean auk- 
ward fallow J. a bumpkin j a. clown* Sidney, 

TaLOOT; v, n. ^Jilutran, to bend, Saxon. J 
To pay obeifance*; to bow. Ben. yopnfop, 

|iO>lltISJH. a. [from Uut,} Clbwnifhj 
btimpkinly. ' $i4fJ(y. 

I/yVTISHLy. 4. [from iout,) IVith the^ 
air p/ 2^ clown : witK. the gait of a buflopl^n* 

pOW. a. 

t» Not higji. 
"a. Not nCjn^ far ^ipwafds. p^kteL 

J. Not eJevatcd in fiiuatipn. Burn^t^ 

4j^, Defcending far downwards; deep. 

5. Not deep j not fwellinf \i\%h ; fhaTlpw : 
iifed of water, i,^ EJlrangt* 

6. Not of high pi ice : a«, torn is /iw. 

7. Not loud J npt noify. JVallfr, 
i. In latitudes near to the fine. JIhbot, 
o. Not i^\^\Vi% to i^ i^reat a fum as fome 0^ 
t her accUnMjtation of particulars. B"rnet, 
10. Late in tinie; as. tht lower cdipitt* 

II. Dejeaedj dcprefled. ' ' Prior. 
j%. Impoiept ; ii|jbdue4» Grauta, 
J 3. Npt elevated!^ rank or Ration \ abjeft. 

14. Difbonovrtble \ betokening meannefs 
. of mjnd, 
ij. Not> fublipie J not exalted in thought 
«>r di^ion, Felt^n, 

16. Redueed ; in poor circun^/lances : a$| 
I am lc%o in the world. 
|.0W. ad. 
^. No^ aloft ; not »t a high pr^^ : meanly. 

a. In times near our own. Lech, 

3. "With adeprei35onpfth«;yoifc, Mdifin* 
"4,. In ;> ftate of fubjf ftion. ' Spnfcr. 

To LOW. V, ^. [Um thp adje^i?e.T fo 
/ink j to make lowl Stvift, 

To LOW. *v. ». [hlcft^n, Sfxon.] To bel- 
low as a cow, SeffQpunoa, 

J.O'WBELL. /. A kindoffovTipg in the 
night, in whicj) the bird§ ate wAkened by 
a beU, and lured by a ilamff 

LOWB. / From ^ Saj^p* tle»j|i, a hill; 
heap, or barrow. ffii>fmi^ 

1. To bring low 5 to bring- dow» hy way o^ 
• fubmiffion. PrioKm 

%, To foffer to fink down, ^oodward^ 

3. To IfiPcn J to make Icfs in price or ya- 

ttie. Cbiid, 

To. LO/WE^. v. «, To grqw lefs; to f^Il j 

to ipnk. Sbakejptare. 

To LpfWER, V. «, ^' 

I. To appear dark, fto|:my, and glowny ^ 

to be cfouded. * ^difon. 

a. To frown j to poiit 5 to ]ook fullen. 

LO'WER, /. [from the verfe.J 

I. ploudinefsj gloominess. 

%* Ctoudinefs of 109k. Stdnfy4 

hO^VnKmChY. ad. IfiQmlov^cr,} ^^itb 

cloudinefs j gloomily. j 

I.Cy WERMOST. a, {iifm /«t?, /owvr an4 

m0^.] Leweft. Ba^totm 

LO'WLANP,/ [/«KKran4/fl«^.] The couj*- 

try that is low in re%e<^ of aeighbouri/i^ 

hflts; the marih. Dndpt* j 

LO'WLILY. a. [from /(wA^.J ,^ 

1. Humbly j without pride, i, 
%. Meanly } without dignity. ^ 

LO'WLINESS. /. [from k-valy,'] . ^ 

|.^ Humility; freedom from pride, j^$terS,r ^, 

2. Meannefsj want of dignity j jjbjcfit 4«i- ^ji 
. preflion. Prydin, 

LO^WLY. a. [from /cw. J ^ 

I. Huinble; m^ek; mild. Mfitbexff^ 
a. M^an i waiiting dignity ; not great. ^ 

3. Not lofty; not fublimci Vrydc»» 1 
LO'WLV. ^4f. [from /pv.] . 

|. Not highly J meanly} without gran- 
deur J without dignity. Shakepeare^ ^ 
a. Humbly; meekly j mo^eftly. , Milton* 

LOWW. / [5«?, Irifli.J A icoundrel j a 
ralcal. Sfuikfffearc^ 

Lp'WNBS3. /. [from ib^] 

I. Abfence pf height } fmall diftanee from 
the ground. yiddijop* 

sik. Mcannefs of condition, whether men- 
tal or externaj. Shah^eare, 
.3. Want or rank f w>nt of dignity, ^ut^, , 

4. Want C(f fublimityj contrary to lofti- j 
nefi, ^ ' ' ^ Vpnn^* 

5. Submi£5venefs% Bacon, 

6. Dppreflionj d^e^liop, Sftvi&» 
ToL.OWT'v.>. Toovcrpftwpr. Shak^pi 
|.6WTHp<yGHTED. a. Htsing tbc I 

thoughts with^held from iul>^ine or he^* ' 

venly lin^itations. Pcpei 

LOWSP^'RITED. a. [/ow and >>//.! I>e- 
jciited 5 doprefled ; npt lively. Xocke, 

LO'XODROMICK. /. {Ko^W and . M^'f*] 
Loxodrpmifk is the art of oblique failing by 
the rhomb; which a|wa,ys makes an equ^l 
ang]e yy^tb every meridian ^ that is, wbej^ 
you fafl neither dire^ly under the equator, 
^r nnder oi^e ^4 th^ fiMfpe afiriiiv^, but 
«crofs tJiKjn. 

^ ' X.O<VAl. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



J^CYAL. a, [Ifffal, French,] 

s* Obedient j troe to the prinee. Knolh* 
a. Faithful in Joyc j true to t lidy> or lo- 
ver. MUtQJh 

XO^YALtST. f. pbm kyal} One «h6 
profei2^s unc«anhon adherence to his king. 

ICyALtY. tf^. [from A^/.J With fidc- 
//f^ j with true adherence to a kiog^ •^'<^ 

tOTALTY. /. [Aiaa/f^; French.] 
X. Finn and faithful adherence to a prince* 
t. Fidelily to a lady, or lover, 

|-(yZENGE. /. l/ofeni^, Fxtnch,] 

I* A rhomb, fTottfin, 

%, Loxenge is a form of a medicine mad^ 
into fmaii pieces, to be hs^d or chewed i^ 
the mouth till melted or wafted* 
^. A cakp of preserved /ruit. 

I«p. a contraction fbr Lovifii^, 

LtJ'BBARD.^; [from /nA^rrJ Alazyftnrdy 
ftUow, Swift, 

LU'BBER. /. l/u^iiJ^ Danini, hu) A 
ftardy drone j an idle, fat> bulky lolel ; a 
booby. Carew, 

tU'BBERLY, a. [fromfeW^r.] Lazy a^d 
bulky. SBakeJ/>earc, 

IV'pBEKLY. 0d. Aukwardly5 dum£ly. 


iM^f, A game at cards. P^m 

fo LU'BRICATE. v. a, [from lubricus, 
Latin.} To make fmooch or flipperv ^ to 
fmooth. Sharp, 

Ip LUBRI'CITATE. v. n, [from lubricM, 
Latin.] To fmooth ; to make /lif pery. 

MJBRl'CITY. / p^Wm, Utin.] 

1. Slipperinefs ) unoothnefs of furface. 

2. Aptnefs to ^lide over any part, or to fa- 
cilitate motion. Ray, 
^. Uncertainty j flipperinefs } inftability* 

A, Wantonnefs; lewdnefs. Dryden, 

pTBRICK. a. Uubricus, Latin.] 
|. Slippery ^ imooth on t;he furface. Crafi, 
a. Uncertain ; unftcady, jyotton, 

3. Wanton ; lewd. Dryden* 

JLli'BiOiCOUS. a. [lubricus, Latin.]. 

1. Slippery j fmooth. Woodward, 

2. Uncertain. Glanville, 
LUBRIFIC ACTION./ \luhricui Mid>, La- 

tin.] The aft of fmocthing. Rom, 

lUBRlFA'CTION. /. [lubricux and facto, 
Latin. J Tl^ a^ pf lubricating pr ihiooth- 
iD|« Bacon, 

HJCS, f [perhaps from /«/«, Latin.] A 
pike tui^ grown. Shakcjpeare, 

iU'CENT. a, [lucm, Latin.] Shining j 
bright J fplcndid. Ben* Jobnjoo, 

]XPQXO. /. {lucidus; Latin.] 
|. Shining; buight^ g>itUring. Newton, 
i> Pellucid :. tranfparcnt. Milton, 

,%f Bright with the radiance of intellea^ 
^^ d^kened w>tl^ madnefs, Bcntley, 

LUCIWTY. /. [fioni lmtd,1 Splendor | 

brightnefa* Dia* 

LUCl'FEROUS. a. [heifer, Latin.] Giving 

light; aSbrdbg meant a^ discovery. 

LUCITICK. a. [lux and facio^ Latm.] 

Making light; producing light. Gre^. 
LUCK. / IJ^elucky Dutch.] 

I. Chance ; accident ; fortune ^ hap ; <a« 

fual event. Beyle. 

%, Fo>tune» good or bad. TemflcA 

LU'CKILY. ad, [from lucky,'] Fortonately $ 

by eood hap. Addihn, 

LU'CKINESS. /. [from lucky,] C^odfor^ 

tune f good hap;, cafoal happiaeii. L^eke, 
LU'CKLESS. a, [from iuck.\ Unfortunate j 

unhappy. Sueklhfg. 

LU'CKY. a, [fTomluck'y gt^uckig, Dutch,] 

Fortunate ; htppy by cb«ice. Addifon^ 
LU'CRATIVE. a. \lucrat\f, French.] Gain- 
ful ; profitable ^ bringing money. Bacm^. 
LU'CRE. /. [lucrum^ Latin.] Gain; profit ^ 

pecuniary advantage. 29fe, 

LUCRrFEROUS. a, [lutrttm ^^feroy Lat.j 

Gainful ; profitable. B^yle^ 

LUCRl'FICK. a, [lucrum znA facto, Latin.] 

Producing gain. 
LUCT ACTION. /• [kacr, Latin.] Strug- 

gjcf effort; cootcft. 
To LU'CUBRATE./. [luc'ubritrr Latin.] To 

watch 'f to ftudy by n^ht. 
LUCUBRATION. /. [luoibratia, Latin.] 

Study by candle-light ; noftucmi ftudy j 

any thing compofed by night. Tatler, 

LUCUBRA'TORY. 4. [/«arAr<ift»mf,.Lat.] 

Compofed by candle-light. Pot>e» 

LU'CULENT. a. [lucuUntus, Latin.] 

1. Clear; tranfparent ; lucid* 'Tbomfon, 
%. Certain f evident. Hsiker*. 

LU/OICROUS. a, [ludlc^, Latin.] Bur- 
lefque; merry; fportive; exciting laugh- 
ter. Notei on the OdyJJry, 

LU'DICkOUSLY. ad, [from ludJcr^us.} 
Sportively ; in burleique. 

LU'DICROUSNESS. /. [from ludicrous,} 
Burlcfquc ; fportivencfs. 

LUDIFICA'TION./. [ludifcor^ Lat.] The 
a^ of mocking. 

Tp LUFF. V. n. [or loof] To keep clofe to 
the wind. Sea term. Dryden, 

To LUG, V, n, [aluccan, Saxon, to pull.] 

|. To hail or drag ; to pull with rugged 

. violence. Coltier,. 

%, To Lug out. To draw a fwofd, in bur- 

lefque language. • Dryden* ^ 

To LUG. «. n. To drag ; to come hftavily. 
X Brydeitm 

LUG. /. 

y, A kind of fmaU fifh. Carevf, 

2. [In Scotland.] An ear. 

^^ A land meafure; a pole or perch*. 
LU GGAGE. /. [from htg^] Any thing 
cumbrous and unwieldy, Glanville, 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

L U-M 

L U R 

XVGTJ'BRlOtTS. tf. {hgubre, Frendi ; 1u^ 

• guhris, Latin.] Mournful j forrowful. 

Decay ofFldy; 
LU'KEWARM. d-. ' ' 

1. Moderately or mildly warm. Newton, 

2. IndiA'erent! f Qot ardent ; not zealous. 

Drydttt, Addifon^ 
LU'KEWARMLY. <id, [from theadjeftive, J 

• 1. With moderate warmth* 
. %. With indifference, , 
LU'KEWARMNESS. /.* [from lukewarm.'] 

I. Moderate or pleafing heat, 
. 2. Indifference; want of ardour. Spratt, 
• Td LULt, V. a, [lulu, Daniffi} lalk, Lat.J 
. i. To compdfe to Hcep by a pleafing fqoad. 

a. To ccmpofe ; to quiet | to put to reft. 


LU'LLABY. /. [from I^IL] A fong to ftUl 

babes. Fairfax, Locke, 

LUMBA'GO. /. tomhago's are pains very 

troiibtefome about the loins and fmall of 

the back, ^^tncy, 

LU'MBER. /. [jeloma, Saxon, houfliold- 

Auft. J Any tiling ufelefs or cumberfome. 

' Grew, 

To LU'MBER. v. a, [from the noun.] To 

heap like ofeleiis goods irregularly. Bymer, 

To LU'MBER. «. ». To move heavily, as 

' btfrthened with his own bulk. Dryden. 

XU'MINARY. /. [ruminare, Latin.J 

It Any body which givei light. Milton, 
1. Any thing which gives intelligence. 

3. Any one that iftftrufis mankind. 


LUMINATION. /. [from /«»«», Lat.] E- 

I miflion of light. • Di£f, 

^ iU'MlNOUS. a. [lumitteux, Frcweh.} 
.' - I. Shining; emitting light. Miltvn, 

a. EnKghfened. ^ -Milton, 

3. Shining; bright. Newton, 

LUMP. /. [/om/f, Dutch.] 

1. A imall mals of any matter. Bt^le, 

2. A fhapefefs mafs. Keil, 

3. Mafs undiftinguiO)^. Woodward, 

4. The whole together; the gfoft. 


To LUMP. V. a. To fake in th€ grofs, 
without attention to particulars. jiddiJoHt 

LU'MPFISH./. [/umpindffrihmfus, La- 
tin.] A fort ot fifti. 

LU'MPING. a, [from lump,] Large; hea- 
• vy ; great. Arbuthnot, 

LU'MPISH. a. [from lump,] Heavy ; grofs ; 
dull ; una£livli. . RakigiK Smcklin^, Dryd, 

LU'MPISHLY. ad. [fromJump^,} With 
heavinefs; with ftupidity. 

LU'MP1SHNES5, y? [from the adjeaive.] 
Stupid hcavmtffs. 

LU'MPY. a, [fiom Untp."] F«ll of lumps j 
full of compaA maflcs, Mortimer^ 

LU'NACY«/.':[^ropi luna, L^t. the moon. J A 
kind of madneis iQfhienced by the moon. 

'' Shakefpeare, Suckltftgr^ 

LU'NAR. 7 a. [lunaris, Latia.] RelatiBg ^ 

LU^NARY. S to the mooii j under the do- 
minion of thcr moon. Broion* 

LU'NARY./, [lunaria, Latin ; lunairCf Fr. J^ 
Mobnwort, Drayton, 

LVNATED. a. [from luna, Lat.J Formed 
like a half>moon. 

LU'NATICK. a. Mad 5 having the' iina- 
gination influence^ by the nnoon, Shakejp, 

LU'NATICK, /. A madman. Graunt^ 

LUNA'TION.jf: [&«!, Utin.] The reso- 
lution of the moon. Hotdfr* 

LUNCH. 7 /. [from clutch or cluncb.'i 

LU'NCHEON. J As much food as one's 
hand can hold. Gqy» 

LUNE. /. [/«>tf, Latin.] 

I. .Any ^bing in the fliape of an half nioon, 
a. Fits of lunacy or frenzy 5 niad freaks, 


LUNE'TtrE,/, [French.] A fmill half moon.' 


LUNGS. /. [lonjen, Saxon.] The lights j 
the part by whidi breath is infpued ajid ex- 
pired. Brydens- 

LU'NGED. a, [from lungu} Having lungs j 
having the nature of lungs. Dryden* 

LUNG.GROWN. a. [lung and gnwn,} 
The lungs fometimes grow h&. to the /kin 
that lilies the l>reaft ; fuch ixclungrgrcwn, 
' Harvey, 

LU'NOWORT. /. [pulmonarta, Latin.] A 
plant. " * Miller, 

LUNISCVLAR, <». [lunifilaire, French j luna 
and folaris, Latin.] Compounded of the 
revolution cf the fiin and moon. 

LUNT. /, [lonte, Dutch.] The matchcofd 
with which guns are fired. 

LU'PINE. /. [iupin, French.] A kind of 
pulfe. DfyJen, 

LURCH./. To leave in the LvncH, To 
leave in a fotlorn or deferted con(^ition. 


To LURCH. V. n, [loeren, Dutch.] 

I. To/hift; to play trkrks. Shakefpeare, 

%, To lie' in wait : we now rather ufe lurk, 


To LURCH. v,a,llurcor, Latin.] 
I. To devour; to fwallow greedily, 

a. To defeat ; to difappoint.* - South, 
3. To &ez{ privily ; to filch ; to pilfer* 

LU'RCHER. /. [from lurch.] 

I. One that watches to fteal, or tq betray , 
or entrap. Tatler, 

a. [Lucro, Latin.] A glutton j a gorman- 
dizer. ' ' 

LURE. /. (leurre, French.] 
- %, Something held out to c^ll i^bawk. 

a. Any 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

L U S 

. *.. Any cnticcmeiit} aoy thing that pro* 

mifes a^vanuge. Denham* 

To LURE» V. n, ffromthe notui.] To ^all 

hawks. Bacon, 

To LURE. ^. a. To attraft j to cntKc j to 

draw^ -' Grtfjf. 

LU'RID. a. lluridtts, l*atm.] Gloomy ^ diii- 

mal. 'thomfin. 

To LURK. tr. ». To lie in wait} to lie hid- 

deo 5 to lie clofe. • ^penfer, 

117'RKEK. /. [from lurkJ] ^ thief that lies 

in wait. 
LU'RKINGPLACE. /. [lutk and pUce.] 
Hiding place ; fecxet place. 1 Sam, 

LU'SCIOUS, a. [from luxurlom,] 

1. Sweet, ^o as to naufeate. " 

2. Sweet in a great degrect Drvden^ 

3. Wcafing^ delightful. i^euth. 
LU'SCIOUSLY.- ad. [from lufcim.} Sweet 

to a great degree. 
LU'SClbUSNESS./. [from iifcious.] Im- 
modetatc fweetneu. D^cay sfPUiy. 

JJJ^S£&N, /. yuftn tervariut, Latin.] A 

iLUSU. «• Of a dark, deep, fbll colour, 
oppoiite to pale and faint. Sbaktjptart. 

LUSK.. a. [lujcbe^ French.] Idlej lazy) 

worthlefs. ^ 

JLU'SKISH, a. ffrom lajk,} Somewhat in- 
clinable to laziniefs or iniolence. 
LU'SKlSfiLY. tf^. [from hjkijb.l Lazily; 

indolently. • - 

JLU'SKISHNESS. /. [from /»//>&.] Adif- 

pofition to lazli>ers. SPtnJer. 

LUSCRIOUS. a, [luforius, Latin.] IJfcd in 

play; fportiTe. " BUbopSanderJon. 

LU'SORY . ^. lluforius, Lat.J VWin play» 

LUST. /..[lupt,. Saxon.) 

I. Carnaldciire. " Taylor. 

2« 4ny violcAt oi; irregular de/ire. 

To LUST, V. ». ' 

1. To deii re carnally, Rofecmmofh 

2. To dciire vehemently. Knolles, 
> To liftj to like. ^ Pfalms. 
4. 1^0 have Irregular difpofitions. Jameu 

LU'STFUL. a. [hft and/«//.] ^ . \ 
I* Lihldlnous 5. having irregular deHres, 

s. Provoking to fenAiality i inciting to luft. 


LU'STFULLY. ad, [{ton lufl/uL] With 

fenfual concupifcence^ 
LU'STFULNESS./. Jrom lufiful.} Libidia- 

lO'STJHED. 7 /. [from %.] Vigour} 
LU'STIHOOD. S fprighUinefs } corporal 

ability. Sbaifjpeare, 

LU'STILY. ad. [from/./?;.] Stoutly } with 

v>S<Mir^ with mettle. . KnoUet. Southern. 
LU'STINESS. /. [from lufty.] Stoutncfs} 

fturdincfc } ftrengih } vigour: of body. Dryd. 


LU'STLESS. a. [from iuft.] Not tigproot} 

weak. Sptf^er. 

LU'STRA. a\ [luflratey French} hjiratls^ 

Latin.] UCed in purification. Cartbi 

LUSTRA'TION. /. [hftratio, Latin.] Pu- 

rification by water, ^ Sandys, irior^ 

LU'STRE. / [Mrty Frencfc.J 

li Brightnds ; iplendour } glitter, Davifu 

2. A.fconce with lighta. iWei 

■3. Eminence} renown, Swifi. 

4. The fpace of five years. BoUngbroJte, 
LU'STRING. /. [from hfire.-] A &ninf 

LU'STRGUS. a. [from *£/?«.] Bright j 

/hining } luminous. Sbak<^peare. 

LU'STWORT./. [lufi and w»r/.] An herb. 
LU'STY. a, [ySy?i^, Dutch.] Stout} vigo* 

rous} healthy} able of body. Otway» 

LU'TANIST. /. [from luti.] One who playt 

upon the lute, 
LUTA'RIOUS. a, [lutarius, Latin.] Living 

in mnd } of the cohw of mind. Crew* 
LUTE. /. [lutb, iuf, French.] 

!• A ilringed infirument of mufick. 


s. A compofition like clay, with which 

chemifts clofe up their veiTels. Garth., 

To LUTE, V. a. To clofe with lute, or 

chemifts clay.^ JViUutiu 

LU'TULENT,-ir. [LituIeMtm, Latin] Mud- 
dy} turbid. 
To LUX. 7. ?;.tf.[/wf«rr, French.] tw 

ToLU'XAT£.> put out of joi^tj to dif- 

joint. Wijema^^ 

LUXA'TION. /. [from /«», Latin.] ; 

1. T)ie ad of disjointing. 

2. Any thing disjointed, Tloyar* 
LUXE.,/^ [French} hmus, (^tin.] Luxury; 

vuluptuoufnefs. Prior* 

LUXU'RIANCp. 7 /, [from luxurUm, Lat.J 
LUXU'RIANCY. 5 Exuberance} abun- 
' dant or wanton plenty or gipwth. 

Spcffator* . 
LUXU'RIANT. a. [/«x»rww, Latin. ] Ex- 
uberant} fuperfluoufly plenteous. Milttm^ 
To LUJCU'RIATE. -v.n. [/iwc«rwr, Latin.] 
' To grow exuberantly } to ihoot with 61-^ 

perfiuous plenty. 
LUXURIOUS, a. [luxurUux, Fr. luxurkfifs^ 
, Latin,] 

1. Delighting in the pleafures of the table, 

2. Adminiftring to luxury. jdftonyn^ 

3. Lufiful; libidinous. Sbakefpeatc, 

4. Voluptuous } enflaved to plcaiure. : 


5. Softening by pleafiire. Dryden^ 

6. Luxuriant} exuberant. Miitpn. 
LUXUllIGUSLY. ad. (^froro limurtou*,^ 

Delicioully } vuluptuoufly. 

Sbakejpeare. Dryden* 
LU'XURY./. [iuxyria, Ut.J 

I. VvluptuQiiihcis } a<l<Jiftednefs to plea.^ 

fuic, . MU'^r. 

2. Luft; 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

L ^'M 

t YR 

i. Left 5 lewdniffs. ' ' * SBakeffedf^ 

3. Luxuriance; exuberance* '. tacon^ 

4. Delicious fare. AddiJ$n, 
VY* tJ. n, [When ly terminates the iiame pf 

a place, it is derived from tea j, Saxon, sf 

• fieW ; when ^ ends ah adje^Ve or adverh« 
It is c ntrafted froUi fichi kke t as, htafiy^ 

• heaJHike.'] 

LTCA'NTHROPr./. [Xt;«9ffand«&g«ir»f.] 
- A ]dnd uf madnefsyin whiich men bavdthe 

qualities of wild hearts. *tayior*, 

tYEBlE'. a. For//l*. - ' Sftn^erl 

LY^NQ. The pariicipjc of Ttu .Sbaiefpeart^ 
iyU?HJ,.[!ytnpba, Latirt*.] Water j tranf- 

parent colourlelis Hauor. j§rhutbnot^ 

LY'MWiATfcD, a. [fyfuf>buUfs, Lat.] Mad* 
LY'MPWATICK./. [from fytri^ba^Lzxin.J 

Ther /ym^baticAs are /lender pellucid tubesa 

Whoi!^ cavities are ebntra£led at fmall in ^ 
tine^Qal diftances : they are carried into tfac 
^ifiAs of the mefentery. 

LY'MPHEDUCT. f, Vympba and 4u3ui^ 

iatJn.J A Vcflcl which conveys the lymph. 


ZTNJt,/. [Latin.] A fpotted beaft, remark- 
able for fpoed and fliarp fi^t*. Lccke* 

EYRE. /. [fyre, French^ Ijra, Latin.l A 
harp I a m\|iical infirumcnt. PrUr» 

LYIMCAL. 7 a, [lyrkus, Latin.] Pertain- 

LY^RICK. y ifig to an faarp» or to odes or 
poetry fung to an hajrp; finging to an harp* 


LY'RICK. /. A poet who writes foogat to 
the harp. Addijon* 

tYOltST. /. il^r\fitu Latlh.] A wuficiau 
who playi upon the harp, P«/^ ' 

s^;r5 <^i« €Kf«*M^ t•vrKf^uy«v40 f v«<fur» furt f\^ 


M A C 

' Ha», in £t)glifti t)ife unvaried foon^ 
by comprtflion ctf the lips: as^ 

MACARCyONE^ / [macawnti Italian.] 
J. A coarfe, mdcj low fiellow: Whence 
macarcnick poetry, 

2. A kind of fweet blfcuft, made of flour, 
almonds, eggi, andfu^^ar. 
MACA'W.TREE. /• A fpecies of the patm^ 
tree* MtlUr, 

MACA'W./. AWrdintheWeftlhdies. 
MACE. /. rmaj^a, Sax, maja^ Spaniih.] 
I, An entgft of authtrity worn befbre ma« 
giftrates. Spenfer^ 

%, [Majfue, French; majpt^ Latin.]' A 
- heavy bkint weapon j a club of mehil. 


. 3, [Macis, Latin.] A.k!nd of fpke. The 

nutmeg is indofed in a threefold covering, 

• ofwhioh the fecond isOT^rtf. HUU 

MACE A'LE. /.• [mace and «/^] Ale fpicie*! 

with mace, f^iftman, 

MA'CEBEARER./. [mectitid kegrirf] Ohe 

•who carries the mace, I^SIator, 

*ro MA'CERATE. v. a, \macero, Latin.] 

X. To make lean ; to wear away. Barney ^ 

ft. Tomortify; to harrafs with corporal 

hardships. Bttrtcn, 

3. To fteep almoft to foktion, either with 

or without heat, Arbutbnot, 

MACERA'TION. /. [fnrni macerate,] 

I . The a^ of wafting^ or making leMT, 


2. Mortification; corporal hardfliipii 

4. Maceration it an in^fion either i)JitS ol* 
without heat, wherein the ingredientt art 
intended to be almoft wholly diifolved. 

MA'CHIKAL. a, [from macblna, Latin. J . 

Relkting to machinet. 
To MA'CHINATB. v. a, f nwfKiwr, Lat. J 

To plan } to contrive. 
MACHINA'TION. / [macblnailo, tafln.X , 
' Artifice; contrivance 3 malicioua fcheme. 
* Sandys* Spra(^» 
MACHI'NE. /. [macbina, Latin 5 macJjiinee 

French.] -a. 

I. Any complicated piett of workmanftip. . 

SurneU , 

t. An engine. . ^ Dry den, 

3. Supernatural agency in poems. Pope, 
MACHI'NER Y. /. [from matibine,] 

1 . Enginery ; complicated workmaolhrp'. ^ 
* a. The machinery fignifies that part which 
' the deities, angels, or demons, a£t in a 

poem. PopCi 

MA'CMINIST. /. [tnacbintyie, French.] A 

conftru£lor of engines or machines. , 

M A'CILENC Y./. Tfrom macilent. J Leannefs* ' 
MA'CILENT. a, [mactlentus, Latin.] Lcarf. 
MA'CKEREL. /. [mackereei, Dutch.] A 

fea-fifh. Gay. 

MA'CKEREL-GALE. AftrongVreexe. 

MA'CROCOSM. 7. t/u<|ir(»5c and xor/<*of.] 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


MA O • 

p»fi^i\ to thft AicsiGDfiBy «r wil^l^ of 

MAtVJdTf^U. §. fy^^oAu, bal'ta.} Tkc 

tA of kiiiing foi Mdfiqr. 
MMBBLAf. fLatiai.) 

#. fto pii^rAck.} .ICAy (pott jipoa tfat Ain, 
vftMher thofe in fevers or fcorbutiok faa- 

hi^ ; 

MACin.A2lTONC^. [fron0M<«i^tfe.}atdo{ 
fpo(f laint. SiMfmre. 

MAHiaJLE. /. t'M'ftei^, Latin.] A ipot; a 

Mad, «. r^eroaa*b> Saxon.] . 
I. 5irQfa3r«d » tfic i*ii^ ^ brol^CA b titf 
underftanding ; diftrafted* nTi^. 

i.' ^er-run witk«||]i vklfpft or unrenon- 
abl«4«fi». ^ymtr, 

9. Paiaged; furioQ9. Decay of Piety. 

Vo^f AiX^^ «; 1(9 i^Ofi iMdY ftmalie 
^bitt^s s to enrage. . CiU^^. 

To M A D. v. n. To be mil ) tft Itt Aiiiout^ 

Mad. /. [malSu, SaxoihJ Aa taitb weci*. 

UAfaAf^.f. [ma dat^, Fnndb, mji-daflie.j 
Titt icam-o^c^mplidiieflt uf«d itr^rc^ to 
kdjes of every degree. openfer. MUHips* 

MAfQfiRAIN. t a. tmhi asid ir«|t,] 

MAfDElRAlNEa f pSotdueA in the 
mind ; kotbcadc^T f^j^^f^* 

MA'PCAP./. A tnadmani a M^ild hot- 

99 |IIA4)DEN. V. «. [from w^^.] '1 bc- 
cone.snad ; to^ af m^d. Jlfttf€, 

Tp if A'DDEN. t/. tf. Tfl Jnakt Biad. 

MAfl^ER. /. A plant. 

MAE^, paktoipU pi^tedM of imJ^. >&«• 

IIADEFA'CTION. /. [made/am, Latin.] 

The %a «;^ flaakiag wflj. * ^ * ^A*. 
ToMA'DCTY. V, a, ['inad^, LaHn.] To 

moiften i to make yet. 
WA'DGEHOWIIeT. /. An owl. ^</w. 
AfAfDHOUSE./. [auo/and/'fir/ir.] A houfe 

^lfh»n madmen an cujred or coolinfid' 

MA'DLV. a/, l&fim mad,} Without un* 
d«fhn4ng. ' Pty4<P* 

MA'DttAN. /. [nadzi>jifMri,'\ A fliaa de- 
piived of his underftandine. 

VEJhange* $vutb» 

H4'&NBSS. /. [^om mad.] 

1. Dlftra^ioh; lefsof Qndfit^ndliig^;.per- 
t(iil»uion of the faculties. Locke, 

2. Fury 5 wl^nefs j rage. iC Charhu 
MADR]'£R. /. A tbiok plank %tm ^ with 

ifon plates, having a cavity fufent/jt to 
tccelve the mouth of tju ^^et^isd vbco 

. Vol. a. 

^ai««d, villi wkicfa tl la i^pflkd iphtk a 

gate. BaiUy. 

HA/BR JO At./. [fl|tf4riM SpanlA aod Fr. J 

A paftorti folna. Dryden. 

l(tA©WQIIT./. r«wi/andw»r/.] Anherb. 
hL&UX. «^ It i^ detivcd from the Saxo« 

m^li, fasmu, gsea^. {?ii^o». 

T4k if AfFFLl^. V. ff. To ftammer. jUtifw, 
fiA/FFUa./ tfirom tho f »b.J Aftamr 

n>«W» ' jUnfwrtb* 

|(IAC4^«IP. / [wtfftfas/ff^, French.] 

1. Afloie^Qufe, cotniponly ao atienal cl* 
9xmQ»tj^ or rep^fitory of provifio«s. P^^^ 
s. Of late this word has fignlfied a nifccU 
ko^Mit paiopUet, from a' periodical mif- 
celUoy nfin<d XhtGnukmawi Maiaxine, 
bjr Edwatui Cave. 

MAC 9. / [»«<^M> tatin.] A magklao. 

ilA<0GOT. /. fm£«a, Saxon.] 
». A fmill grub which tticnt into a fiy. 


2. Whimfyj caprice; odd fancy. 


IIj^V'QQQTTINESS, /. Jfrom maggotfy.] 
The ftatc of abounding with maggots. 

M A^daovTY. ad. (from a*?^*'- J 
t, Fiiil of m«||otsu 
#• Qipd«iQu;j whimfifai. Nofriu 

Af A'CfCAL. a. [from magick^'] A^liog, or 
performed by iecret and invifible powers. 


AIA/CWALLY, ad. [from magical.] Ac- 
cording to the rites of magick. Can^^en* 

hMGlCK /. [magU^ Latin.] 

I. Thp art of puitipg in a^ion the powef 
of ffjfits. Rogen, 

%, T'hct fecret operations of natural powers. 

Bai OH, 

MA'^GICH* ^« IlKgnta^ing; pecromantick. 


MAGICIAN, f. Imagictu, Latin.] One 
ikiU«d in ro^gick ; an enchanter ; a ne^ 
cro^aocer. Locif. 

MAQlSTE'RIAL.fl. Ifromnfigijier, Lat.] 
I. Such as fuits a raaftcr. King Charles, 
'%. L«fty I arfP|ant } proud j infojent • ^ 
deQ)otick. Sauth. 

|.. Chfflsically prc3»arcd, after the marntr 
of a magi ftery . Grew, 

WAfiiSTERIALLY.tfi [from w^/yftr^ W, ] 

• Arrogantly. ^'^cari*. 

M.^VGISTE'RIALKESS. /. [f 01^ fMg^fie- 
rw/.J HaughtApcfs ; airs of a ma^cr. , 

Go'vcnrrent of i^e 7o>f^*e» 

UK'Gm%l^Y:f,[wmperium, Lat.] A^, 
giflery is a term made ule of by chrmiJjIs to 
figaliy i<;ipietinies ». very hoe pnWdf r, a/td 
fotnetifpes rcfins and refinous*^ ; 
btjt the genuine accpptjitipp istbatpeepa- 
ratioiv of any b^^ty >v herein fh? v|iole, 
orjnoft-partj i?, by the additipn gf^^pm*- 
4 F what^ 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC ' 



• what, fchtngcdinloab(xly»fi|uitcifloUicr 
kind. ^inty, Boyle. 

WA'GIStRACy. /. [magiftratus, Latin.] 
Office oi- dignity of a magiftrate. 

Sen, Jobnfitt, 

MA'GISTkALLY.tfi/. [i»wfj)»r^/fi, low La- 
tin.] Defpctically J authoritatively; ma- 
gtfterially, ' B't&cp BramhalL 

MA'GISTRATB. /. [tHagiftratuSy Latin.] 
A man publickly mvefted with authority j 
a govcmour. Decay of Piety, 

MAGNA'LITY. /. [m^naliay Latin.] A 

• great thing ; fdmetbing aboYe the common 
rate. Brown* 

MAGNAKI'MITY. /. [magnammut, Lat.] 
Creatnefs of miilii j bravery j elevation of 
f.tul. Sptnfer. Swift. 

MAGNA'NIMOUS. a. [magnanimus, Lat.] 

. Great of mind ; elevated in fentiment ; 
brave. CrrtdL 

MAGNA'NIMOUSLY. a4. [from magnani^ 

• mous.'] Bravely; with greatnefs of mind. 

MA'GNET. /. [magnet, Latin.] The lode- 
fione ; the ftone that attrads iron. Dryden, 
MAGNE'TICAL.7 ^ rfr«„«,^,.^i 
JMAGNE'TICK. J "' Lfro»«w^«'^.] 

1. Relating to the magnet. Newton, 
%, Having powers correspondent to thofe 
of the magnet. Newton. 

3. Attractive; having the power to draw 
things diftant. Donne. 

4. Magnetkk it once ufed by Milton for 

MA'GNETISM./. [from magnet.'] Powo-of 
the lodeftbne ; power of attraction. Glanv. 

MAGNIFl'ABLE. a. [from magnify.l To 
be extolled orpraifed. Unufual. Brawn. 

MAGNI'FICAL.7 a. [magnificus, Lztin.l 

MAGNI^FICK.. 5 lliuftrious; grand. 

I CbroM. 

MAGNI'FICENCE. /. [magnifcentia, Lat.] 
Grandeur of appearance ; iplendour. Milt. 

MAGNI' [magnifous, Latin.] 

5. Grand in appearance; fplendid; pom- 
pous. Ad^foti. 

2, Fond of fylendour ; fetting greatnefe to 
ihew. « Sidney, 

Magnificently, ad. [from «*^/> 

cent.'\ Pompoufly j fplendidly. • Grew, 

MAGNlFltO. f. [Italian.] A grandee of 

Venice. . Shakefteare, 

»MA'GNIFIER./. [(Tommagmfy.'\ 

t. One that praiics; anencomiaft; anex- 
tpller^ Brown, 

7,. A glaffl that encreafes the buSe of any 

' To MA'ONIFY. V. a. [magni/lco, Latin.] 
1. To make great; to exaggerate ; to am- 
|>l!ify; to extol. Bacon, 

%: Totexalt ; to elevate; to raife in efU- 
matl'oft. Mi/ten, 

• )• To niCt iii'pride or piretei^n. D^irm 
4. To encreaie the bulk of any obje^ to 
the eye. Laci^* 

MA'GNITUDE./. [magnitudo, Latin.] i 
i« Greatnefs; grandeur. Mi/tottm 

%. Comparative bulk, Raleigh. Newemn 

MA'GPIE. /. [from fie, and mag^ contra^ed 
from Margaret,'} A bird ibmetimcs tawght 
to talk. Peacbamm 

MA'GYDARE* /. Imagudarii, Latin.] An 

. Herb. ^ Ainfworthm 

MAIDEN. 5 ^- tn^^'en, maeSben, SaxJ 

• It An unmarried woman ; a virgin* 

%, A woman fervant. Prior ^ 

3. Female. 

MAID./. Afpcdciofikatefiih. 

MA'IDEN. a. 

I. Confiftuig of virgint. Addif&ni 

• s. Freih ; new; unufed ; unpolluted. . 


MAaDENHAHC./. ImaidtM and hair.} A 
plant. Peachamm : 

MA'IDENHEAD; 1 ' : ^ 

MA1DENH0DE. > f. Tftom matden.l 


I. Virginity ; virgin purity ; freedom from 
ct>ntamination. Fairfax, Sbaieff. Milton, ){ 
*. Newnefs; ^flinat; unconuminated 
ft«tc fTatt^n. . V 

MA'IDENLIP./. An herb. jCnCwcrth. 

MAIDENLY, a. [ma'tden and like.} Like a 
maid; gentle, modeft, timorous, decent. \ 


MAaDflOOD. /. [from maid.} Virgimty. 

MA'IDMARIAN. /. [puer ludins, Latin.] 
A kind of dance. . T^mpB, 

MA'IDPALE. a. [maid zn^ paU.} Pale Itka, 
a tick virgin. ShakefpeOf^^ 

MAIDSE'RVANT. /. A female fervant. 


MAJE'STICAL.7 re • 4. 1 

MAJE'STICK. S ": ^^'^'^'^J'M ^ . 
i, Aiiguft ; having dignity ; grand ; im- 
perial. Denham, 
a. Stately ; pompous ; fplendid. Hooker. 
3. Sublime; elevated; lofty. Dryden, 

MAjE'StlCALLY. ad. [from majefiicaU} 
With dignity ; with- grandeur. GrimSlk, 

MA'JESTY./. [majeftas, Latin.] 

X. Dignity; grandiear; greatiels of ap- 
pearance. . Milton, 
a. Power; foveretgnty. JDaniel, 

3. Dimity; elevation. Drydm* 

4. The tkle of kings and queens. 

MAIL. Jf. [maille, Frtnch.} 

1.- A coat of ffecl network worn for de- 

' fence. - • Fairfax. 

I. Any annourv Cay. 

. 3. A 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

M A.I 


,. J. A poftmaii^s hmidle ; t bag* 

, To MAIL,, 'To vm defenfivclvi to 

toyer, as M^ith annoiir. Shakefpeare, 

To MAIM. V, a, {mebatgner^ to maiin^ old 

French. 7 To deprive of aay neceOary jMut { 

tocripp/ebylofsofa limb. Sbah^tare, 

MAtM./ [from the Verb.] 

2. PnVation of fome dfential part $ Igme- 
Ac/j!, produced by a wound or amputation. 

Haoker. ' 
I A. Inju^i miichlef. Sbahf^n, 

' 3. EflentS^ de?e<£^^ Hajvoflrd, [ 

.MAiN» a. [magne, old French.] 

X. Principal} chief) leading.^ Hooker, 
%. Violent} ftrong; ovei^oweting} Taft. 
%a Orol& S coataining the chief part. 

4. Important i forcible* ^ Davits, ' 


-• .!• The groft j the bulk y the greater part. 

*-. . • Locitf. 

ip(. Th«^m; the whole} the general. 

/ . . .^ > q i^«g Charles, 

-: 3» Theocean.^ ' ^rior. 

4. Violence} for^. Hudibra^^ 

,5, A hand at dice. Bhakejpeare, Dorfet, 

' ^Z The continent* Bacon, 

y^ A hamper. ' jfNifivorth, 

\KA^NLANP, /. [«w/j» and ^a/J Conti- 

MA^^NLV. ad. Ifrom tfiaik} \ 

%, phicfly j principally. ff^oodvfard, ' 

> a. Greatly; powerfully. Bacon, 

I^AINMAST. /. [main ani mft.J The 

.'. chipf or middle maft. Dryden, 

MA'IN^ERNABLE. «. BaHaUc} that may 

]^ admitted to give furety. 
MA'INfERNO|l./. Surety } bail. Davies.' 
Mainprise. /. (main and/ru, French.] 
Delivery into tne cuftody of a friend> upon ' 
.lecuiity given lor appearance. Davits, 

to MA'JNPRISE. V. a. To bail. 
lifA'iNSAIL./. [main and /ai/.] The (ail of 
die mainmaft. ^i^j. 

MA1NSHEBT. /. [«tfi« indfieetA The 
lh^t.or fail of the mainmaft. Drydsn, ' 

WA'^NYARD. /. [main and jar J.} The 
jard of t]l^ mainmaft. jiAutbnpt, 

To MAINTA'I^* V. tf. [maintenir^ French.] 
1. To preferve 5 to keep. Harvey. 

• ^ • f . To defend} to hold out} to make good. 

Grew, ' 
J, To yiii^tcat^ } tojuftify. Sbakefpeare, 

4. To continue ; to keep up. Dry den, 

5. To keep up } to fupport the expence of. 


6. To iupport with the conveniences of 
jifc. South. 
'7, To preferve from failure. Blackmore, 

To MAINT A'IN. V. «. To fupport by argu- 
meat } to aiiert as a tenpt* vrjdfn^ 

MAINTAINABLE, a. [from mcAmAn^ 

Defenfiblej juftifiabJe. Hayv>ari, 

MAINTAINER. /. [UommdHt$im,\ $up. 

porter ; cheri/ber. ifenUr, 

MAaNTENANCE. /. \maintenant^ Fr.] 

1. Supply of the neccuaries of life} fulle- 
nance; fuftentation. Hooker, 

2. Support ; prote£lion ; defence. Spenfer* 

3. Continuance; fecurity from failure. 

MA'INTOP. /, [main and top^ The lop of 
the mainmaft. Addifon, 

MA'JOR. a, [major, Latin.] 

1, Greater in number, quantity, or extent^ 

1. Greater in dign!ty« Sbakejpeare* 

MA'JOR. /. 

1. The officer above the captain. 

2. A mayor or head officer of a town. 

3. The firft propofition of a fyllogifm, 
containing fome generality. B^le. 

4. MAjom-general, The general officer 
of the fecond rank. Tatler, 

5. MAjoK'domo, Ohe who holds occa- 
iionally the place of mailer of the houfe. 

MaJORA'TION. /. [from major.] En- 
creafe; enlargement. Bacon, 

MAJO'RITY. /. [from major.l 

I. The ftate of being greater. Grev, 

2* The greater number. Addifon, 

3. Anceftry. Brown, 

4« Full age ; end of minority. Davies, 
5* Firft rank. Sbakefpearcm 

6. The office of a major. 

MAIZE, or Indian Wbeat. f. Miller, 

To MAI^E. V. a. [macan, Saxon } macben, 
Germa;!} maksn, Dutch.] 

1. To create. ^ Gene/ts. 

2. To form of materials. Holder, 

3. To compoie : as, materials or ingredi- 
ents. fTaller^ 

4. To form by art what is not natural. 


5. To produce as the agent. tiookerm 

6. To produce as a caufe. . Prov. 

7. To do } to perform ; to pra^iOe } to ufe« 


8. To caufe to have any quality. 


9. To bring into any ftate or condition. 

^O. To form ; to fettle. . . Roive, 

1 1. To hold ; to keep. Dry den, 

11, To fecure from dtftrefs ; to eftabhfli in 
ridges or happineis. Sbake/peare, 

13. Tofuft'er} to incur. Dryden, 

14. To commit. Shakejpearc* 

15. To compel'} to force } to conftrain. 


1 6. To intend ; to purpofe to do. Drydenm 

17. To raife as profit from any^thing. 

^ Sbakefpearem 
4? a 48, Tp 

" Digitized by VjOOQIC. 

]Vi Afe 


jk, "^tf Vtttii 5 tb teiid to 5 li) Arrive fc 

ig. T6gk!lt. ' i*fete. 

2 a. To force 5 to gaih by ibktb, ^i?*^^. 
a I. tJo exhibit. £tf». 

4ii Tft pft/ 5 to |Ttc. tfyt/icus, 

a J. To put J toj)la(Ce. Mcon, 

«4. To turn toftfrte ufe, fef^* 

45. Tolfitlln^; lO'Aif^ott. ^Bnwn, 

i6. To prote as an ar^naent* ' Jhoier. 
17. Tofct*6*ht5 toiiow. jBithr, 

ftS. To conftitute. t&cV« 

ay. To aro<J«ftt to. tri/. 

30. Toirtotjl«-j t6fhfm. Jt^eoti, 

|t. To Make tfwoy. To kiHj to de- 
ftroy. 'SiBv^» 

3*. To Ma k e tf<u>^. To ttalftWr. 

' filler, 
3^ ToMAltt accoutft. To rtckoni to 
fclitVc. ^fo». 

34. To MAltk d^tount^f. Toieft«?ft 5 to 

$^. To Mak^ fru it^rrb. To tifinat ^th- 
Out cercmohy. Duykiad, 

36. To MAfet gte^. To inarnt^ho*; to 
defend; tojufti^. , f&ftltei, 

37. To Make ^*di/. To fulfH ; to ac- 
compli fli. ^haHiA/fiiafe, 
jS. To MX^ E ngtt tf. To cohfikcf ^s of 
fto Confequenctf. H^kOthew, 
J 9. To Ma,ke /o«r. To COdrt; 'to -play 
the gaJUftt^ ' , jilfUfon^ 
40. To "Make taerry, T^fbft; to par- 
take of aaeAttrVtalntHfcnt. , ^bAkt^(ire» 
4u To MAiE mch df. To <bnTO j io 
foitfe^ Tf/J»^/ir. 
4a. To Make nf. ff^dt Vo »rt7i^ 'of, is, 
hoW to tsnierf^ajid. . .i4mifott» 

43. ToMAKkrff. Tb p^oceftofn; to 

44. To Make 0/*. To confidcrj to ac- 
count^ ^ toefledfh. Df^den, 

45. To Make of. To chcrifli j to tofter. 

46. To Make bzct. To ftttle ia the 
band's df trwftfert. 'MulShras. 

47. To Make ov^r. To transfer,. 

4X. To Make ^t. To clear j toexplatii 5 
toclear'to bne^Slelf. j^hiA^not* 

4;^. To Make out. To prove ; to evince. 

tji*. To MaiSe fure of,' To confifcer as 
ccrtajm ■ . • Dtyd^, 

51. To Ma k e /tf r^ c/*. Tofecii^e to bne's 
^flfeflion. . i>hf4ett, 

5z. iTo M A K E *(*, To . get together, 

53^ 5r#.MjikB up. To reconcUe f ti*.re- 

f:^.. To Mak^ a^. To rtfp'air. fcat/J. 
55 . T«jMax e , */>. . To^c^mpofe a«j 0t'. in- 
lgre<JicDts. . \; i^>:</^. 

^. fiMA«^. ¥otl«tr^ ^^^^r 

fewAitAK } to '<*tt^etfe. iW. 

To make. v;^. 

^. To contribute. , , Htvifi* 

Vne^,- orcaufe^ ^ f 

4. TocfettHii. ^iJfofe^. 

f . To fll«r 5 1?6 i^^ J tte tt§W iipjcar- 
smep. " Jl/burbnot, 

%% Toti.Ax.%tnoayvHtlf» Todeflroy; to 
kill. ' jf^>f. 

%ToMAKE/or^ To advantage J to fa- 
Volit. SttcoM, 

8. To Make «*. To compeiiliitd ; Vd oc 
In^tAd. • . ^ ■ * . ^^^^^^ 

UtAKE./ [from. the Tei:b.] Form; ftruc* 
Wre: ftattlte* k^iaihWe. 

MAKfiv/. [maca, Saxon.] Companion. 

'iin. JdBfifon. 

MAntfeBATX./. [it^'int iikia.} Bi^ed- 
er'ofqtiawAs. ^i^'Mv. 

Marker./, [from »»*<•. j • ; "^ 

V. The Creator. Jf^lioft^ 

2. OfifeMt1ioiJftk«i*iyVhWife. ^ >%^. 

3. t>nc wIm> fets any. thing ia its pro^r 
ftate^ Jifchm. 

it^AlCWEACE./. t>to*i?^^M^<? j P^c«^ 
inlstk^r: rccorttilen SBahffit^Kt, 

^A'Mw^rd^T. ./. rw^^ »ia ^t^^rj 

AnSr fmall thing tJiilhlii in to m^ke up 
Vefy>N i>i&J%. 

MAtACHl'TR /. This *one ii greeh, fo 
ailn cdlOut to f^fettiMe the mallow, fxk-^ 
W^fl 5 'fdttietifafcsit fc v^iutd'ftr f/ottea. ' 

IWAtADY./, f**a&ift^ l-rench.] A difeafe i 
a diitemper } a (iirorJift'bf body | fickni^ft. 

MAJL'A'NDERS./. [from tualanJare^ luU] 
Adryfi»b.i>httifel5aflMi'ofh'oVfts. * ' ' 

^A'LAPERT. 'n^XniaiitiApert,} %i\xcf i 
jqufck *khtApttrh;n<e. trrydin, 

AlA'LJVPERl'N^. /. prtW mMof^tru] 
Ltv^inetb OfYCiilyNfrlthbut decency j ^liftk 
[ im|>udence: fliiohefs. *. ' 

pudeqtly; iaucjjy. L 

To MAL'A'X ATEt *u, a. [fA^Lk^iJ^ To 

feftcn, or knifaJJ tb'frtftnels. 
MALaXAMKOW. /. -[frdm »^tf/^;<'«?tf.}.The 

MALE, tf.tW//!^ Trend).] '-Of the' fek.' that 

begets you og^ . jiot fema le. ' Shvift, 

Stale./. Tlieheof^HyfpecIeV. Crauut, 
MAi!E,ti*e^itj*o^Oti, Iftjijifies r//», 
*lR4j(lt:EADlViltTOTRA'riON. /. Baff ma- 

oagemeat of aA'airt. Ayiifi* 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

MAli«OBfWr«rflBB. s ^^\ *^fcwi. 

MALECONJJWratV; 1«f. ptftfaibtfi^- 

'I'Offflnf^j nTi™ ufllwiieftl. 
MA.LECONTE'NTEDNESS./. [ftoifcilhfZf- 

jiiAMm^rm.a. [iA</ft^#»)r^^.j At- 

teAtEFA'CTION. A {««/? aiil>«oj ^&t.] 

•^ttMFA'CTOR. r. Imalftn^ facto. UuJ 
Ah dkkhhtfidl^iStatUWi ttrifiiM. 


VtkVt^ICK.. 7 fl.Xmaleficus.UlA Mif- 

MALEM^otiilraB. /. t^fr!>oJWf4. tei^tO 

111 w'fi'j iil^dtnidbtt "to lhtttx>th«rs^ tttV- 
?!lfb^feito^rfriis bthert. 1W«». 

ifttt. SbJk^are, 

iTo MA'iA*. <r.^. rWtt^ tht5'n(mtt.J To 

li^niy tatiD.1 liltBf|>0fcl"t6 ^ Ohei in- 

Vralf^fe: luteanoficfThiMxicf torattd^er. 
• ^ - *flif^r. 

*All<GN. a^ [malifne, French.] 
t.^'hfWTtihrthe) iTt-iiifijdW to iny »ife; 
thalicious. ^o<//^. 

• tial. Sitcfin, 

■ Tb lUTAW^G?*. *;. iT. fflte* the ^Jcaivfe.] 

^ t. ^omUchiefji to hurt | to barm. ^ 

t. lif^^b)tih<!t ; IntHcft) tinfavodbble- 

1. Del!tfu6^Jvttehftncy» inftmtn, 
MAU'GNANT. tf. [mal'iffidM, Frrtidi.] 

I.^Jtfttli^j envibus; uApto^itiou^ } fna. 

2. Hdftilft to Uffi : t). W^iff»#«r Aitrtfs. 


difpdfed. 1 

ii. it #aft t >i^oMllM loT.tke dcft^^^^ 

tke cbufdi'Mii ttMriehy l^^e Itttel^ 

HVAfcMNANttV. «>. Xftdrti mJfj^;^ 
Witli ill nMtttScto | teamibusiy \ Infitiiit!^'^ 

1. One iM%6 te|ifdii UMt^tr #ttlk jH %il|. 

%'• SiitJiRinu cAVhifdr* 
MAL^G?klT Y. /. hit^i^, tfi 

X. Midiict; f*jdl<t6ulV\4nr. _. 

2t Conixiircty to life ^ tliminMvtt<ii<AfjlCy« 

^. eirthiers of nature. S9utK 

•IaLI'QNLY. fl^* [from fMlft^HA feiHwf* 

ttA^LKW./. A dirty iwench. Shi^ifuare. 
MALL./: pira/fcifj, l«t. iltattttrifer.] 
t* A moke ; a hJow^ )Kr2fl|rtff« 

2. (M^, Mhtb.] Ifl Idnddftf^^or 
Jitttmner. jitimfow* 

3. Awalltw!rtl*fei!hcylbttn«t!yt^y'edirith 

tnSftis and balU* . P<5^« 

f 6 MAIL. i>. t, tllfam'Ae trotm.] Wbcit 

ot ^ke with a mall, 
MAMXARD. /. [i»^i/4rf, fttildl.7 ^i>« 

€fkkt of the wiid duck. l^//iM« 

MALtEAti^tW. /. pV6ft )ha»A/e.} 

Quajity of endurinc the hammer. Locii. 
MA^£m%. ». f«»iWi^, ¥ydftJl}^ffom 

mai^s, iJfyi, t haMtttr.) <h^e «f be- 

ffi^ fpread by .beatiiu : tfait ia 9 yaJjQr 

poHeilbd In ffi "tti^ atutkat 6t^ ty 

l^d. ^'»^- 

MAlXtABL£N«M. /. t^hmi Hifti^d^.] 

Quality of tfnt)«riiigtnbhatiMra-. £er^. 
Ihtt WA*IiEATE. o. *. -[from fcifiJ^, U- 

tin.] *tb faKmthlet. 'DtMutm. 

nA'ktLTt. /. [i«a//^i» Latin.} Aw^dea 

Ma'lloWS. /. .[mshd, laiSn; 

Sshcon.l A itsMt, 

1. AWd^f-wki^. 'StakefpiJ^e. 

"MALT./. [umalV, ^^Soli.Vd^in itbe))ed ta 

#kt«9r ijifl YlMttiited^ AfeS dried 6a a l^iln. 

MA'L'fDTTSt./. tt1t)m»)rib1lfcf0fb*ri«ii 

land. Mort'mer* 

MTA^lTOl^Olt. /. |«fift iriajfcbrj A^oor 

todfyHRUt. Mother ^ 

Yo Malt. v. ». 

To be made malt* • Mertimtr, 

Ma'LTMAN. 2 /. [from •tt/^.J t)nt wbo 
MAXTiTt*. J mike* iWti. S^m. 
M»LVA'C*m«.&.[»Ti»/-x*,Lian.J Kelat- 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 


HA. if 

J -Bad < 3«.G«TerBmeBtofaliorie. JPeactsim^ 

. MA'NAGEABLE. 4. {from MM^e*! 
'he fond ' z. Eafy in tbe'ufe. Nevttenm 

. Pr'ior» . a. Governable-; trtfiablc. 
ui.] A MA^KAG£ABt£N£SS. /. [Irom mi««rg^ 
kefpeare* , abUJ] 

Jofrmaf _ I. Accommodation to eafy uTc. Btyfe* 

or dugs. £. Tra^tablenefs } eafinefs to be governed. 
rLatia,] ; MA'NAGEMENT. /. [m«4igcmnh Fr.] 

J,, Condudj adminiftration. Swi/tm, 

>iece. £. Prafiice j tranfadion { dealing. Addifou* 

noun.] MA'NAGER./. (firom wtffltf^.] ^ 

To tea;c; to pull tO pieces. Sbake(peaf«, z. .One who has t^e conduct or d1re£Uon of 
Ji^JfMMON.J. [Syriack.] Riches. , .,. any. thing, % * ^'•^'*- 

'i&hU, /. [ma«w ^on, Saxon.]. ^ ^ ] ^ 2. A man of frugality; a good huiband." 

* . \ J., Human, Being, ' Crtech. \ Temphm 

Not a woman. Shakefpeare. ' MA'NAGBRV./. [iwwi^tfri^, French.] 

Not a boy. Dryden* . ..x« Conduit} dire^ion j adminiftration. 

Aiervant{ an attendant $ a, dependant. !. ./ > .~ . r - ,; Ckirmdoft» 

..' Ra/eigb. Cowley. 2. ' Huibandryj fmgi^lity. .,Z3i^^PiV^« 

5. A word 0^ familiarity bordering on con- - 3. Manner ofufm^. 'x. , Jheays/JBiety* 
tempt. ' 5i»tf;J^/j>«tfrf. "MAJJa'TION./. fiBtfr^Z/o, tad^^^ 

6. Itisiiredin.a loofe/ignification like the - . of i^Tuing from fomething^elTe. j , . 



French' Off,' one,' ariy one"." ' * , TiUotJon, 
.7. .Ope of uncommon i}i|»li^oatipnsi' . 

' * Addifon* 

J * t. A human being qualiiied in ^y parti- 
cular manner. 1 Samuel, 
, J 9. Individual; . Watts* 
ZO. Not a beail-, * fr^ech, 
, } I. /Wealthy or inde^ndantperfpn.' 

' y TiUotfin. 

j%, A moveable piece at chefs or drau^his, 
13. Man cf war. A (hip. of war. 


a, [from the noun.] 

ifh with men . . DanieL 

d with men. .Shakefpeare* 

fy J to ftrengthen. Milton, 

e a hawk. Shdkefpettn, 

nd I to ferve j to wait on. 

I , \ Beiujohnf^. 

€, ' To direft in hoftllity j to point. Sbakefp, 

'MA'NACI.'ES. /. ^manica f*om manus^ JLa- 

• tin. J Chain fdr the hands.. Ecduf^ 

To MA'NACLE. v.' a, [from the noun.] 

MAf^QHZT.f.lmicbet, trench'. Skimer:\ 
' , A (joiali loaf of fine bre«d^ - i - • -" Move, 

MAKCttlNFEL trce:.r:.]nt'ancamlla, Laf.] 
It IS f jxative of the Weft indies^iindi ^it>^s 
equal to the' £ze.'.of an. oak ; its, vrooI3, 
wAich is fawn out Into plaoksi «nd hrjqjugl^t 

- to EngUmdj is of a bjsautiful graiw, .v»rfll 
polifli well and laftloiig. ' In cutfuig down 
thoie txttA, the juic^joj^thji Jl)ark, \%iuch 
is of a milky eoiour, niud be bur^t' out 
before the work -^s >egun^,^£or its nature 
is {b corrofivev tbat tt v^ifl ralfe'bli^r^ oa 
the ikiui and bura.holes in linen ( and -if 

. it ihould happen to ,6.7 into the ey^t of 
the labourers, they are hi danger of Ipfing 
their fight ; the fruit ia of the colour mid 
. fi«e of the golden pippen : many Europeans 
hat*. loft theirlives by eating it, which, will 

. corrode the mouth ap4 thr<^^; ^ pattlc nenpr 
jQiclter thcmfclves under them* »n«*/car<^*V 

.' will any vegetable grow under their ftiade. 


To chain.the hands 5 to'fliacklc. Sbake/f, . To MA'NCIPATE. v, fi, (ma^ffdpo, tat] 
To.M A^ AGE. V. tf. [wtfp^zg^r, French.] '.. To enflave j to bind 5 to tie. ffale. 

; J. To con^uaj to caxry on, 5ri//;»^^/. ' MANCIPA'TION. ./ [fy^^.W^^^^ 
..». To train a horfe to graceful action. Slavery j involuntary obngafibiu . ;^ 

A:«o//«.' MA^NCIPi-E./. [wa«f^l, L^nJ Th^A«r- 
'^ 3. To |Ovcrn J to make tra^ble. ^ ' . . ard of a community 5 the] purveyor, 

A-hutbnot.' * * , • " . Mettfi^tw, 

4, To wield ; to move or ufe eafily. Newt/tn, MMNDA'MUS. /. [Latin.] A writ, ^^nted 
5^ To huft)and'j to* make the obje^ of,, by the king, fo palled from^ithe imnal 
caution. ^ Dryden, word. . / ' - » 

•6. To treat with caution or dcce;ncy. MANDARIN. /, A Cbinefc pobjfm^n or 

, , • . - ^Jdifon* magiftrate. • ,' 

•'ToMA'NAGyEri/.«.Tofupwntend.a<fa»M} MA^NQATARY. /. Imndataire, Freoch.T 
totranfa£l.' ' " Vryden, He to whom the pope has, by virtue of 

MANA'GE.y. [merm^ey French.] ^ ' ' hi§ prerogativ?", and his pwn proper tight, 

z, Condiift J admihiftiiuon. Bacen, .^iven a mandate for hFs benefice. Jiyliffe* 

». in? V in'ftriimentality^ Sacon. MA'bfDATE./. [m/uUtum, JLaUn.] , 

*• " V . -^ ' ., ■ J. Comr 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



»• Precept; chiige| coma^oo^ icnt or 
tranfmitted. B^rydtn, 

MANDj^rOfUj, [Latin.] IMieaor. ' 

MArNDATORYvtf. [nitfi«ii»'^,LitijiJ Pre- 

MA'NDIBLE. /. [mandihula, Latin.] The 
jtir; tbeinftninicntof aa]idocatiofl..:.t' 

MANDIBULAR. ^ . [from maHdihJa; Lit.] 

Belonging to the jaw. 
MANDfLEON./. [«aiMfi|^/i0ffe,.Italian.] A 

ioldi^^t COM. 
MA'NDREL./. [mandrln, French.] A^tfn- 

dreU are maUe.with a long wooden ihank, 

tQ lit M& into a round hole that it made 
' in the work, that is to be turned. Moxon. 
MA'NDRAKE. /. [mandraprur, Lat.] The 

- foorjo£. thk plant it faid to bear a reiem- 

- bbnce to the homan form. The reports 
• of tjring a dog to this plant, in order to 

rtot it op, and prevent the certain death 
of tke perfon yrho dares to attempt fucb a 
dted, ' and of the groans emitud by it 
when ^e violence is offered, are equally 

•' fabuloos. MlUer» Donntm 

To MA'NDUCATE. v. a. [manduco, Lat.J 
To chew I toreat. 

MANDUCA'TION. /. [mandueath, Lat.] 
Eating. Taylon, 

MANE. /. [mtene, Dutch.] The hair 

which hangs down on the neck of horfes. 
V ■ w Kntiles^ 

MA^EATER./. [man and ax/.] A can- 

aibtl ; an anthropophagite. 
MA'NBD. a. I horn m$9€* ] Having a 

MJ§NBS,f.[Uk.^ Ghoft; ihade. Dry den. 
MANFUL, a, [man and>//.] Bold; ftout j 
daring. ' Hmdiiras, 

MA'NFULLV. Hi. [from fMtfir/tf/.] Boldly; 
ftoutly. . . Ray* 

MAWFULNESS. /. [from manfiL] Stout- 

nefs; boUneft. 
MANCCO'RN. /. [mengen, Dutch, to 

niingle.] Corn of feveral kinds mixed. 

MAINOANBSE./. Manganefe it property an 

iron ortt of a poorer fort \ the moft perfe A 

' fott is of a dark iron grey, very heavy but 

brittle; Hill, 

MANOE./. {de.mangeaifin, French,] The 

' itch or fcab m cattle. Ben. Jobnfon . 

MA'NOER. /. [mangmrey Freflch.] The 

place or velTel in which animals are fed 

with com. . VEJtrangt* 

' Ma'NGINESS./. ^from j»M«gy.] Scabbi- 

iiefr; ifife^lidil with 4he mange. . i 

To Ma'NGLE. v. a, [mangelett, Dutch.] To 

hcetate; to cut or tear piece-meal) to 

buteber, Mihvi, 

MA'NGLER./. [fro» mangle.) A hacker : 

«oe that de^o)S bungliogly, . . TifkeiL 

MA'MGO«/. [MMf^/i, Fr.] A fimft oftltt 
• iile of Java, brought to Europe pickled. 

MA'NOY. a. l^m mangt,] Ihhaedy^ 
the mange ; fcabby. Shakefbtmrtf 

MANHA'TERJ/ [man and bater,^ Miiao^ 
thrope ; one that nates mankind. 

MA'NHOODt/. [fromnMnr] 

X. Human nature. BTthomm 

. ». Virility 5 not worn anhoofl. Dryden^ 

3. Virility J not childhood. 

4. Courage 3 bravery; refolution ; ^ti- 
tudc. Sidney, 

MANI'AC. 7 a, [maniacus, Latin.] 

MANI'ACAL. 5 Raging with madnefi. 


MA'NIFEST. a. [manifijlus, Latin.] 

1. Plaip; open; not concealed. RomaMU 

. 2. Deteftcd. Dryden, 

MA'NIFEST. /. (manifip, Italian.] Decla- 

' ration y publick proteftation. Drydea* 

To MANIFE'ST. V. a,[man}fejiery Tr. pta^ 
Ttifejh,. Lit,} To make appear; tomake 
pubHck ; to (hew plainly ; to difcover. 

^ Hamntondm 

MANIFEST A'TION. /. [f^om manififl.] 
Difcovery; publication. TilUtfon* 

MANIFE'STIBLE. a. Eafy to be made tvt- 

. dent. BrOfvn, 

M A'NIFESTLT. ad. [from mamfeji.'] Cllar- 
ly; evidently. Swift* 

MA'NIFESTNESS./. [froinmamf^.} iPer- 
fpicuity ; dear evidence. 

MANIFE'S^O,/. [Italian.] PublTck protef- 
tation. AddlfoH* 

MA'NIFOLD. a. [many znd fi/d.] Of dif- 
ferent- 'kinds j many ia number f multi- 
plied. * Shakelpear*» 

MANIFO'LDED. a. [many znifold.^ HaVin^ 
many complications. SpHiJer* 

MA'NIFOLDLY. «/. [ixommamfUd,] In 
a manifold manner. Sidpey, 

MANl'GLIONS. /. [In guntfcry.] Two 

' handlee on the back of a piece of ordnance. 


MA'NUCIN. /. [wtf«rj*«», Dutch*] A little 
man. * SboAeJpeare* 

MA'NIPLE./. [mampuluiy Latin.]. 
1. A handful, 
ft, A fmall band of foldlers. . 

MaNI'PULAR. a. [{xomman'tpulusj Lat.] 
Relating to a maniple. . 

MANKrLLBR. /. [man and ki/Ier.} Mur- 
derer. Dryden, 

MANKI'ND./. [man znd kind,] 

I, The tac4 or fpecics of human beings. * 
%. Refembling man norwoipan in form or 
nature. , Shai^^^are, 

MA'NLIKE. a, [man and like,] Having the 

completion of man. . Sidney. 

MA^NLESS. a. [fran and /j/^.] Without 

men : not mannied. Bacon, 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 



. JK .Murder; ^-^-'^' ^■^TtwiT^ii ^u 

. Ah [In law.] The aA of kilUnga alunAot 
Mvhoity wftto\|[t littU^~ tb^uib. «)iba«l wmk 

derer J one that hat ItifaJMiofbw. 

Umh b«l Sf}mk arc 9f t^e fanv: fenii4> bev 

ing b«lh YarHit«4 tf t^te a<K ; Uie fintft 

, MTiifftf of all is that which oozes naturally 

out of t^« l^avf 9 M A^t^^f MiiL 

. I, ITorm; method, Dryden^ 

»• CpftoAih»bitS £lAiOPi 

f. Certain diiiM. J9<imr. 

4* Sprr} ki«d. jMtfrkitn* 

5. Mjm ) Mf| ff# the Mr. Gkf'm. 

. i» Pcfipliar way. Ciarenaort, 

. t. CharaaeroftbesnliK}. Mnfon. 

f . iifwr m the plural. Qeawal wiqr 

. ^ life I morals; habits. VEfiii^ngt, 

> 10. [In ths plural.J Ceremonious hf hatir 
Ai^r; ftudied civility. Drydtn* 

MA'NNf3LUH£S9./. ffrdm vnswi^^ J CI- 
vility; ceremol^UB CQa»plaif4n(», ifah, 

UAf^H^KhY, *. (fram«Mffr.] Civil j 

. cereaiOfiious ; complaifant. Itfigfrs* 

MA'!fM£lt(.Y. ad. Civilly i wkh«l»r rudor 
neft. ^ak^Hre, 

UA'Kmmm. /. [m^s and il/Mn, Gajtovi.] 
A litils 0)AA 9 a dw«rf. 

JMMiNNISH. a. [from man.'] Havi0|thftap. 
pearance oi a lann j liold i jnafciiUnQ ; im- 
pudent. Sidney, 

MA'NOR./. [mamAr, old rcencb.] jM^mt 

. fignifics, in commoa lav, a ralit ffr go- 
vernment which a man hath over fuch at 
bold land wIiIva ^ ^» Touchkg the 

. arifioai of thefe manors^ it feemt, i^at, 
in tha begiiuai^g, iIkw waa ajceitain COA- 
pafs or circuit of ground granted by the 
icing to (otnt man of worth, for him «ind 
his hum (» dvrtU upon, aftd to cceixilb 
fome jurifdi£lion. Cawel, 

UAtia^WhLS^. /. [jum aad e^aa, 

• ^ fiaxon.j A murderer| a mankitieri a 
manllayer. Coram, 

MANS£. /. [maafio, Utift.] A f arfesage 

MA'NSiOK. /. [matt/h, Utift] 
s. Place of refidence: abode: humit, 

' D>ydiM. 
%. Refidence J abode. Oitikam, 

MANSLA'UCHTfiR. /. i«an and Jlaagh^ 

MANSAK£THiu a [ifm/artM,«] 'JRaaies 

fKBtle; not ferocious. May, 

Tamenefs; gentleiv«^' Ifadbrr^ 

MA'MTU.. /. r«Mitrt old Ic^} W«A 
raifed before a cbunney to iMseal it. . 


MANTSLE^T,/ [»MMk/, Bramk.] 
I. A fmall oifiiik worn bji women, 
ft. [Jnfoirti^aifitti.] A kind 0f nuwrftable 
jienthwifq^ mida elp^ec^^ taaibw. ikvi^ 
ed inta piaaks, wkick hfuif abost tkree 
ii^hes thick, ate nailed eat aeeaaaodier 
ta tha heigjit af almoft fii^ iiKt, #riw<n^e- 
fiwe tha pioneers, affalind8(oi|Kltta«kem« 


MAVTi^C^BR. /. [maaandr/fttw] A iargia 
aioakey or hafaMui. jithaikaot. 

MAIJTLS./. Imantell, Welih.] Akiadof 
cloak ar ^naent. ' Haymfard, 

To MA'NTLE. v. «. [finoai thr aoue.] To 
cloke; tacttver. SbaUAeia^ 

To MA'NTLE. v. n. 

1. To %e4d the wingt as a ha^^k in. pica* 
iure. Mdikon, 

s. To joy 5 to revel. ^jff^J^* 

3. To be expanded $ to fpsead luiailaadyi. 

4. To gatlier aay thing yn ihe iiufaoc ^ to 
' froth. Fife. 

5. To ftnasnt | ta bf ia jpr^kt^ agiW 
tioo. Smitk, 

M A'NTUA. /. A lady's gown.' Ftpe. 

MA/NTyAI^AK£R./. [aMariwaadjitfkr.] 

One who makes gowns for woBiea. 

' AdJifim. 

MA'NUAL. a, [manuaiit, Latia*] 

z« Perfenaid by t)ie h^nd, . Dtfdm, 

ft. U4b4 b* the hand. d^iodcn. 

If A^NUAjL. jS 4 6nall book, fuck asaaay 

be farried ia the hand. ^niiUi§£iet, 

MAfiUmiAL, p. [maimbia, Lat.j BMttig* 

lag to fpoil : taken in war. 
MjiWMMIUM, /. il^^tin.} Akaodle. 

UAHmm^CTUm. f. {ma%udMSiu, tat-] 
Ouidaace ht ike hand* Jraaw. £#r£. 

MAN{JFA'CTUR£. /. Xmamt and >Wo» 
Lat.] I' + 

z. The pfad»ot of making any pSaet of 
ft. Any th^4Bade>byart. JdMtm 

To MANUFA'CTURE. «. 4. {mamfai- 
turer, Frenc^. j To ma^ by art and la- 
bour } to ieoii by war kgii ft ft if. 
% MANw- 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



llANUFA'CTURER. / [manufaauritn 
French.! A workman 2 an artificer. 

Td MANUMFSE, v. a. [manumitto, Lflt.J 

• To fct fiec; to diiinifs from flavery. 
MANUMI^SSION. /. [iksnumifflon, Fr. ma- 

mmniffia, LaC.J The a^ of giving liberty 

to /laves. ^ Brcwn* 

To MAnuMl'Tr V. a. [manuimtto, Lit.] 

• To relcafc from flavery. Dryden* 
MANVRABLE. a, [from manttre,'} Copa- 

• Ue of cultivation. Ha/e, 
if ANU'RANCE. /. [from Ttumtre.] Agri- 

cuitare^ cultivation. ' Sfenfer, 

ToMANC^ILE. v. «. [msiwn^rer, Fr.] 

• I. To cultivate by manual labour. Mi/ton* 
■ t. To dung I to ^tten with compofts. * 

. Woodward, 

MANU'RE. /. [from the verb.] Soil to be 

laid on lands. Dryderit 

MANtT^EMENT./. [fit>m»^irr«.] Cul- 

tivation; improvement. Jf^otton, 

lif AtlU'RER. /. [from the verb.] He who 

manures land j a hofbandman. 
MA'NUSCRIPT../. [manufcriptum, Lat.] A 
book written, not printed. Wotton, 

ItA/NV'. a, corop. more, fuperl, moft, [ma- 

nt%^ Saxon.] 
' X. Confifting of a great number 3 nunoer- 
ova, ^igfy» 

2. Marking number indefinite. ExoduU 
MA'NV. /. 

I. A multitude | a company ; a great num- 
ber; people. I Sfenftu", 
%, Maity is ofed much in compofition. 
WANYCO'LOURED. a, [maty and co/oun} 
H avin i ; many colours, Donne » 
MAWYCO'RNERED. d. [many md corner.] 
Polygonal 5 having njaoy comers. 

MANVHB'ADED. a. [many and iW.] 
ifavihg many heads. Sidny, 

MANYLA'NGUAGED, tf. [many and lan^ 
' f»tfr'.] Having many languages. Pdpe, 
MANyPE'OPLED. a, [many and feefle.} 
tfumeroufly populous. Sandys, 

MANYTl^MES. [an adverbial phrafe.] 
Oftdi J frequently. Addifon^ 

MA?. /.' [maffa, low Latin.] A geogra- 
^ieal piflore on which lands and feas are 
mKneated actording to the longitude and 
latitddd» - Sidney. 

To MAP. a/, a, [from the noun.] To deline- 
ate j 'to fet down* Shahfpeare, 
MaI^^LE tree. /. A tree frequent in hedge- 
fcisWs. Mortimer, 
MA'PPER'A / [from map,] The art of 
pl\nM ng #fld defigning. Sbakejheare, 
To Mar. «/. a. [amypfian, Saxon.] To in- 
'^jirt^ to fpoilj to huit} to ttiifcbief} to 
damage. ' Efrj^en* 
MMXNATHA./. [Syriack*] It'wai a 

form cf the denouncing or anathematiarl^ 
among the Jews. . it* PamT 

MARA'SMUS./, [/uLapao'fAo^,] A confump- 
tion, in which perfons waile mnch of their 
fubftaitce. ^u/ncy* 

•MA'RBLE. /. [marhre, French j manner, 

X. Stone ofed in (tatues and elegant build- 
Jugs, capable of a bright polifh. Locke, 

' 1. Little balls of marble with which chiU 
dren play, Arhutbnot, 

3. A ftone remarkable for the fculpture ot 
infcriptlon ; as^ the Oxford murbieu 

MA'RBLE. d, 

X. Made of marble. Walter* 

%, Variegated like inarble. Sidney. 

To MA'RBLE. v. a, [marirer, ft. from the 
nOun.] To variegate, or vein like mnrble. 


MARBLEHE'ARTED. a. \marhk and 
heart,] Cruel; infenfiblej hard-hearted. 

MA'RCASITE. /. The martafoe is a folid 
hard foflil, of an obfcu rely and inegularly 
foliaceous ftrufture, of a bright gUttering 
appearance, and naturally found in conti- 
nued beds among the veins of ores, or in the 
fifliires of ftone. There are only three di- 
flinft fpecies of it ; one of the bright gold 
colour^ another of a bright lilvcr^ and a 
third of a dead white: the filvcry ons 
feems to be peculiar meant by the wrlw 
tcrs on the Materia Medica, Marcafitt^ it 
very frequent in the mines of CornwaJ], 
where the workmen call it mundick. 

Bill, Newton^ 

MARCH./, [from Maru] The third month 
of the year. Feacbam^ . 

To MARCH. V. a. [mareber^ Fr.] 
t. To move in military form. 

%. To walk in a grave, deliberate, or (late- 
ly manned. Sidney. Daviei* 
I To MARCH. V. «. 

It To put in military movement. Boyle* 
a. To bring in regular proceflion. Prior^ 

MARCH* /. [marcbe^ Fr.] 

1. Movement ; journey of foldiers. 


2. Grave and folemn walk. Pope. 

3. Deliberate or laborious walk, Addifon, 

4. Signals to move. Kntlla. 

5. Marcbesy without fingular. Borders; 
limits ; confines. Davies* 

MA'RCHER./. [from «wrfi&rtrr, French.] 
Prefident of the marches or bordo?. Dofoies, 

MA'RCHIONESS. /. The wife of a mar- 
quis. 'Sbakefpeare* 

MA^'RCHPANE./. [mtf/7^tfi»^ French.] A 
kind of fwect bread. Sidney, 

Ma'RCID. a, [marcidus, LatiH.'J'Lean ; pin- 
ing J withered. Pryden, 

4O Ma'r- 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


M A It 

^A'RCOUR./. [marcoty Ladm] Leanaefs; 

the date of withering j wafte of deft. 

. Mare./, [mape, Sax.] 

I. The female of a hom. Dryde^» 

I. A kind of torpor or ftagnatton, which 

feems to prefs the ftomach with a weight; 

the night hag, Drayton^ 

MA^RESCHAL. /. [marffchal, Frendi.} A 

chief commander of an army. Prior, 

MA'ROARITE./. [mrgnrim^ Latin.] A 

pearl. Peackfim, 

MA'RGARITES. /. An herb. 
MARGE. -) 

MA'RGE>rr..f /. imarg^, Latin.] 

1. The border) ^he brink i the edge ) the 
. trerge. Spenjer* 

2. The edge of a page left blank. 

3. The edge of a wound or fore. Sharp, 
Marginal* a, [fharginai,Fu] Phcedb 

or written on the margin. Wmtu 

MA'RGINATED. a, [marginatus, Latin.] 

Having a margin. 
MA'R GRAVE. /. [marck Mdgrdff, Gtr.] 
. A title of foveretgnty* 
M A'RIETS. /. A kind of violet. 
MA'RIGOLU/. [Mxr^ and go/d.] A yel. 

low flower. Qeavthnd, 

To MA'RINATE. v, a, [mariner, Fr. J To 

fait fiih, and then prelerve them in oil or 

vinegar. ' Kiftg, 

Marine, a, [marinuu LttiAc] fiel^Apng 

to the fea. Woodward* 

MARI'NE./ [la marirtt, Fr.] 

1. Sea a(|atr3. Arbntbaot, 

2. A foldler taken On fiiipbotrd ti> be em^ 
ployed In defcentt upon the land. 

MA'RINBR. /. [from mare, Lat ] A fea- 
. man \ a fa i lor. Sioift. 

MA'R JORUM./, [marjorana, L*t.] AiVa- 

grant plant of many kinds* FeachaM, 

MA'RISiH./. [marah, pTench.] A bog? a 

iitv \ a^fwamp ; watry groaml. 

Hayward, Knoiits, Sandyt* Miltdn, 
MA'RISH. a. Moriihi fenny 4 bcggy ; 
.• fwarapy. Bacon, 

HIA'RITAL./. [mariH»y Latin.] Pertaining 

to a hufband. ^yiiffe* 

MA'RITATED. tf. [from mar^ut^ Latwi.J 

Having a hoiband. 

. I. Feritnmed on the fea \ marine. 


2. Rdating to the fea ; naval. JVotton, 

3. Bordering on the fea. Chapman, MMtom 
MARK./ [marci WeUh.] 

s. A token by which any thing is known. 

su A token ; an impreffion* JSaifcn, 

J. A proof i an evidence* Arbutkr9t, 

4. Notice tal^ea. 

5. Conveniency of notice. CarevUm 

6. Any thing it which a miflile weapon is 
dire^edv Daviesm 

7. The evidence of a horfe*f age» Bac^rt^ 

8. [Marque, French,} Licence of repri- 

9. A fUBi of thirteen ifailtingi and fovr* 
pence. Catmient 
zo. A ehai«6«r made by thofe who ca^^ 
not write their names. . Dry^n. 

To MARK. V. a, [irtcrken, Dvtch; pea||c«- 
. can^.^ax.] 
I. Toiaipfeiiiv4(iiatokeii, orevidMcet 

ft. To note ^ to take ttotke of. R«m. JSm* 
To MARK. V, n. To note ; to uke no- 
tice. Vrydettm 
MA'RKER:./ [from mark,'\ 

t. One that put* a Aiatfc on any things 
. ft. One that notes, or takes notice^ 
MA'RKET. /. [incieatfy written metPttt^ of 
mercatus, Lat. J > > 

. I. A. p«J>Uck time of buying and ielHnc ' 

Spenfir. mj^. 

■ ft. PoTchafe and fait. Temjpf^m 

3. Rate; price. , Dryden* 

To MA^RKET. v* n. To deal at a ma|&et i 

to buv or fell. 
MA'RKET^SLU / [market and beiU'i 

The bell to give notice that trade may beV 

gin in the m«i4cet. Sbakmjpeare, 

MA'RKET^ROSS. / [market and crtft,^ 

A oroft let up wheSre the market is IkeUK 


MA'RKET-t)AY. /. [market ajid day.] 

. The dky on whkh things are pubJickl^ 

bought and fold. jtddifon, 

MA'RKET-FOLKS. / [market and/c&^J 

People that come to the market. 

MA^KET-MAN. /. One who goes to tht 

market tor fell or buy. Swift, 

MA'RKET-PLACE./ [market nn^p/ace,^ 
. Place where the market is held. 6idney^ 
MA'RKET.PRICE. i f, [market Vihd pritt 
Ma'RKET-RATE. y or rate,] The price 

at which any thing is corrently fold. 1 

MA'RKET-TOWN. f, A town that has 

the privilege of a ftated market j not a 

village. Gays 

MA'RKETABLE. tf. [from market.] 

1. Such as may be fold j fuch for which t 
buyer *nay be found . Shakefpeare, 

2. Cnrre^it in the nwrket. Decay of Fietp* 
MA'RKMAN. 7 /. [mark and man.] Ac 
MA'RKSMAN.S man ikilful to hit ji^ 

mark, Herbert* 

MARL. /. [marl, Welfli j mergel, Dutch.] 
A kind of clay, v^liich is become- fattef» 
and of a more enriching quality, by a bet- 
ter fermentation, and by its having lai" 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

M A-R 


lb deep in the earth as not to have (pent or 
weakened its fertilfaLng quality. Sluincy, 
To MARL. 'V, a. [from the noun,] To ma- 
' nure with marl. Ch!d, 

To MARL. V. a, [from martine.'] To fallen 
'' the fails yrith marline, 
I^AHLINE. /. [meafin, Sk'inner.'\ Long 
* wreaths of untwiftcd hemp dipped in pitch, 
with which cables are guarded. Dryden, 
M.VRLINESPIKE./. A Imall piece of iron 

for faftening ropes together. 
MA'RLPIT. /. [marl znA fit.'] Pit out of 
which marl is dug, WoQtkoard, 

lifA'RLy, am [fromjwtfrA] AlJbuading with 
marl. Mortimer, 

MA'RMALADE.*) /. [mamelad*, French.] 
MA'RMALET. j" The pulp of quinces 

boiled into a confidence with fugar. 
MA RMOR ACTION. /. [marmor, Latin.] 

Incr Dilation with nQar|>le. 
MARMO'REAN. <r. [marworeus, Latin.] 

JSiade of marble. 
MA'RMOSET. /. [marmoufet, French.] A 
fxnall monkey. Shakefpearf, 

AL^JtMC/T' 7 /. [Italian.] The «armof- 
MudRMO^TTO/^ to, or mos alpinus, as 
big or bigfpr than a rabbit, which ab« 
fconds all winter^ doth live upon its own 
fat. lUy, 

^A^kOpETKy. /. Imaf'fueterie, French.] 
. Checquered work ; work inliid with varie- 
MA'^QUI^./. [marfiHh French.] 

J. In England one of the feconi order of 
nobility, next in rank to a duke. 

9. 'Marquis is uied by Sbakef^eare for marf 
MA'RQUISATE. /. [mrqulfaty French.] 

The feigntory of a marquis. 
MA'RRER. /. [from mar,] One who fpoils 
or hurts. AUham, 

MA'RRIAGE. /. [martage, French.] Jhc 
a£t of uniting a man and woman for life. 


MA^RRIAGEABLE. a, [from marriagp.l 

I. Fit for wedlock j of age to be married. 

«. Capable of union. Milton. 

MA'RRIED. a, [from matry,"] Conjugal 5 
connubial.' Dryien. 

MA^RRbW./, [me|>S, Saxon.] The bones 
h^ve either a large cavity, or are full of 
little cells : in both the one and the other 
there is an oleagenous fubftance, called 
ptarrow, S^incy, 

MA,'RR0WB0NE./. [honezTi^mrrow.] 
I. Bone boiled for the marrdw. 
2} in burlcfque language, the knees, 

MA'RROWFAT. /., A kind of pea. 
MA'RROWLESS. a- [from marroxv.] Void 
ofiparfowy ^pak^fearf. 

To MA'RRY, «», a. [marier, Fr. J 

1. To join a man and a woman. Gay, 

2. To difpofeofin marriage. Baco^^ 

3. To take for huAand or wife, 


To MA'RRY. V, ». To enter into rlie coifr 

jugalftafe. Shakefpeare, 

MAR8H.7 J . J r L 1; ' 

MARS. V ^^ «enved from the Saaron 
MAS. ' J : me/ifc, a hn. Giifon. 

MARSH. /. [mejipc, Saxon.] A fen ; * 

bog ; a fwamp. Drayton^ 

MARSH-MALLOWr/. [altbaa, Latin.] A 

MARSH-MARIGOLD./. [/K»/tfW Lat.] 

A flower. Dry den p 

MAllSH AL. /. [marefcbal, Fr.] 

1. 'fhechief officer of arms. Sbakejpeafe» 

2. An officer who regulates combats in th« 
lifts. Dryden. 

3. Any one who regulates rank or order at 
a feaft. ' Spenjer. 

4. An harbinger ; a purfuivant. Hidnty, 
To MA'RSHAL. v. a, [from the noun,] 

1. To- arrange i to tank in ord^r. # 


2. To lead as an harbinger. Shaktfpeart, 
MA'RSHALLER. /. [from marjfhaL] One 

that arranges ; one that ranks in order. 

MA'RSHALSEA,/. [from marjbal.] Thi 

prifon in South wark belonging to tije mar« 

flial of the king's bouihold. 
M.A'RSH ALSHIP. /. [from marjbal.] Thf 

oflice of a marflial. 
MARSHE'LDER. /. A gelc/errofe. 
MARSHRO'CKET. /. A fpecies of waters 

MA'RSHY. a. [from mnrjb.] 

1. Bovgyj wet J fenny 5 fvyampy, 


2. Produced in marftes. * Drydek. 
MART./, [contraaed from m^ri^/.] 

1, A place of pablick trafiick. Hooker, 

2, Bargain ; purchafe and fale, Hhakefp^ 

3, Letters of mart, ^ 
To MART. V. 4. [from the ftoun,] T^ 

traffick J to buy or fell. Sbakdpcarg, 

MA'RTEN. 1 r r . V 1 

ma'rtern. J /• i'"'"'^'^ ^'-J 

I. A large kind of wecfel whofe fur is 
much valued. 

a. [Ikfartelet, Fr.] A kind of fwallow that 
builds in houfes ; a martlet. Peacbanu 

MA'RTIAL. a» [martial, Fr. ihartialfs, 

1. Warlikp; fighting j given to war; 
brave. Spenfer. Chapman* 

2. Having a warlike (how J fui ting war, 


3. Belonging to \var} not ciyi!. Bacon. 

4. Borrowing quali'les from the planet 
Mars. Browne 

^G t -5. Ray- 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


M A S 

the nofeband of the bridle. 

MARTI'NMAS./. [Ma' tin and mafs.] The 
feaft of St. Martin j the eleventh ot No- 
vember, commonly martilmas or martle- 
mafs, ^vjf:r, 

MA'RTINET. 7 /. [mrtinety French.J A 

MA'RTLET. J kind of fwallgw, 

' Shakefpearn 

MA'RTINETS. /, 5mall lines faftened to 
the leelch of tjie fail, to bring that part of 
the leetch which is next to the yard arm 
clofe up to the yard. Bailey. 

MA'RTYR. /. fftaflt'f.] One who by his 
death bears witnefs to the truth. 

Kirtg Charles* 

To MA'RTYR. v. a, [from the noun.] 
, 1. To pul to death for virtue, 
a. To murder ; to.deftroy. ' Suckring, 

MA'RTYRDOM. /. [ixom martyr.] The 
death of a martyr j tnc honour of a mar- 
tyr. Hooker, 

MARTYRO'LOGY. /. [martyrologiHw, 
Lat.J A regifter of martyrs. 

Stilling feet, 

^IARTYRO<LOGlST. /. [martyrologip, 
French ] A writer of martyrology, 

MA'RV£L./. [mer-velle, French.] A won- 
der J any thing aftoni/iiing.' 


MARVEL </P«r«. A flower. 

tTo MA'RVEL. v. n, [mer-ueilUr, French.] 
To wonder j to be aftonifhed. Shakeffeare, 

MA'RVELLOUS. a. [merveilleii^c, Fr.] 
2. Wonderful 3 ftrangc^ aftonifhing. 


2, Surpafling credit. Pcpe, 

3. 7'be marvellous is any' thing exceedmg 
natural power, oppofeJ to the probable, 

MA'RVELL6USLY. a^. Ifvommar-vellous.^ 
"Wonderfullv.' Clarendon, 

MA'RVEtLOUSNESS. / [from w^rW- 
A«5.J Wonderfulnefsj firangenefs] afto- 

MA'SCULiNE. a, [mafculin, Fr.] 

1, Male J not female. * Miltop, 

2. Rcfembling man J virile j notfoft; not 
efieminate. AddiJ^n, 
|. The gender appropriated to t^e male 
kind. in any word. 

MA^SCULI]^IELY. ad. [from majculine.l 
Like a man. Ben. Jobnfon, 

M'A^SCULINENESS. /. [from majculine.} 
Manni/hncfs; male Kgure or behaviour. 

3^A§H. j". {jnajcbe, Dutch.] 

I. The fpace between the thread^ of a net* 
Z. Any thing mingled* or "beatisn together 
into an undiftinguifhed or confufed body. . 
3. A mixture for a horfe. Mortimetm 

To MaSH. v, a, [mafcber, French.] 

I. To beat into a confufed mafs. Mortm ' 
1, To mix malt and water together' in 
brewing. Mortimer^ 

MASK. f. [mqffue, French.] 

1. A cover to difguifs the face ; a vilbr« 


2. Any pretence or fubterfuge. Frier, 

3. A feftive enlertainment, in which the 
company is mafked. Shakefpeare^ 

4. A revel j a piece of mummery. Jiii/ton» 

5. A dramatick performance, written in a 
tragick ftile without attention to rules or 
probability. feacbam^ 

To MASK. 1/. a, Imaffuer, Fr.'j 

1. To difguifc with" a maik or vifor. 


2. Tp cover ; to hide. CraJba*io» 
To MASK, -v.n, - ■' 

1. To revel j to play the mummer. Prsar» 

2, To bedifiiuifcd any way. 
MA'SKER./. [from majk ] One who revels 

in a ma/k 3 a mummer. Donne. 

MA'SON. /. [ma^oh, French.] A builder 
with ftone. Wotton* 

MA'SONRY./, [ma^oneney'Tx.'] The craft 
or performance of a maion. 

MASQUERA'DE. /. ffrom majque, Fr,] 
I. A diverfion in which the company it 
mafkcd. Pepe, 

Z. Difguifc. Felton* 

To'MASQUERA'DE. v. «. [from the noun.] 

1. To go in dif^uife. VEJirangf. 

2, To aflemble in flia/ks. Svnft, 
MASQUERA'DER. /. [from mafyuerade,'] 

A perfon in a malk. VEftrange,' 

MASS. /. [mafe, Fr.] 
*J. A body J a lump^ a continuous quan- 
tity. ' Nezuton, 

2. A large quantity, jPavies, 

3. Bulk J yaft body. Abbots 

4. Congeries 3 afTcmblage indi(lin£V. 


5. Grofsbodyj the general. Drydeg, 

6. [Mtjj'a, Latin.] The feryipe of the 
Romifh church, jltterbury. 

To MASS. 'V. n, [from the noun.] To cele- 
brate mafs. Hebkcr^ 
MA'SSACRE. /. [majfacre, Fr.] 

1. Butchery; jndifcriminate deflru£lion. 

Milton^ ' 

2. Murder. Sbakejfearie, 
ToMA'SSACRE. v. a, [majDacrtr, Freftch.] 

To butcher ; to flaughter indiftriminafely. 

Decay of Piety, Atterhury. 

MA'SSICOr, f, fFrpnch. J Cerufs calcined 

(>y a moderate degree of iire ; of this there 

4 "«? 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

M A*ia 


• mtt thwe (Jwrtf, the wJiitc, the yellow, and 
that of *a gplden colour, their difference 
anfing from the different degreei of fire 
applied in the operatioo. They are nfed 
In paindng. 

^4 A^SSIN£S5« t /* [ ^**^^ ^^^' ] 

B4A^6SIV£N£SS. { Weight 3 bulk ; pon- 
deroofoefs. HaketvilL 

111A'5SIVE. V a. [mafftf, Fr. ] Heavy 5 

9Vf A<S$Y. 5 weighty 3 ponderous 5 bulky 5 
continuous. . Drydett* 

Mast. /. [mafl^ mat, French 5 maeft, 

I. The beam or pefl raifed aboye the vef- 
iely to which the fail is fixed. Drjden, 
%, Thtf fruit of the oak and beech. 


MA'STED* «. [from mdfl,] Furniihed with 
mafts. ^ 

MA'STER. /. Imeefier, Dutch j matfire, 

z. One who has fervants; oppofed to man 
or fervant. Shakejpeare, 

a. A director ; a governor, Eccluf, 

2* Owner 5 proprietor. Dryden, 

4. A lord \ a ruler. Guardian, 

5. Chief; head, ^ Sbakefptare» 

6. PofTeffor. jiddtfon, 
. 7* Commander of a trading ihip. 

S« One uncontfouled. - Shakejpeare, 

9. An appellation of refpeA. 

JO. A young gentleman. Dry den* 

Ii« One who teaches 5 a teacher.. 

12* A man eminently ikilful in practice or 
fcience, » Davies, 

33. A title of dignity in the univerfities j 
as, majfer of arts. 
Ta MA'STER. v. a, [from the noun.] 

1. To be a mafler to j to rule j to govern. 

, Sbakefpeare* 

2. To conquer 3 to overpower. 

DavUs, Cafamy, 

3. To execute with fkill. Bacon, 
Ma'STERDOM. /. [from wfl/f(fr.] Domi- 
nion; rule. Shakefpeare, 

MASTER-H AND. /. The hand of a man 
eminently fkilful. Pote, 

M ASTER. JESr. /. Principal jeft. 


MASTER-KEY. /. The key which opens 
many locks^ of which the fubordinate keys 
open each only one. Dryden, 

MASTER-LEAVER. /. One that leaves or 
deferts his mafter. Sbakefpeare. 

MASTER-SINIBW. /. A large finew that 
fnrrounds the hougti, and divides it from 
the bone by a hollow place, where the 
Hvipd'^ls are ufually feated. 

Far^Ur'i Piffp 

MASTER-STRING. /. Principal ftnug, 

MASTER-STROKE. /. Capital perfdr- 

mance. Blackmoru 

MA'STERLESS. m, [from iw^r.] 

2. Wanting a mafter or owner. $^Jar^ 

a. Ungovemed; unfubdued. 
MA'STERLINESS. /. [from mafierly.^ 5- 

minent ^ill. 
MA'ST£R|.Y. ad. With the fjcill of' a 

mafVer. Sbakefteartm 

Ma'STERLY. a, [from mafter,] 

1. Suiuble to a mafter I artfol; fkilful. 


a. Imperious \ with the fway of a mafter, 
MASTERPIECE. /. [mafter and/neee.} 

1. Capital performance i any thing done or 
made with extraordinary fkili. Davieu 

2. Chief excellence. Chrendo^^ 
MA'STERSHIP. /. [from mafter,} 

I. Dominion; rule; power. 

a. Superiority; pre-eminence. Dryden9 

3. Chief work. Drydew* 

4. Slcillj knowledge. Sbakejpearfy 

5. A title of Ironical refped. Hbak^pearg. 
MASTER-TEETH. /. [mafter and te$tb.\ 

The principal teeth. Beuoitt 

MA'STER WORT. /. A plant. 
MA^STERY. /. [f^om mafter.] 

1. Dominion; rule. Raleigh^ 

2. Superiority; pre-eminence. 

z Tm, ii. 5. VEftrange^ 
• 3. Skill. TiUotjon. 

4. Attainment of fkill or power. jJocku 
MA'STFUL. tf. [from maft,] Abounding 

inmaft^ or fruit of oak, beech or chefnut. 


MASTICA'TION. /. [maftifotia, Latin. 1 

The aft of chewing, Ray. - 

MA'STICATORY. /. [mafttcatotre, Fr.] 

A medicine to be chewed only, not fwal« 

lowed. ^ Bacon. 

MA'STICH. /. [maft'ie, French.] 

1. A kind of gum gathered from trees of 
the fame name. ff^ifemdn. 

2. A kind-of mortar or cement. Addijon, 
Ma'STICOT. /. See MasIicot. 
MA'STIFF, /. piaftives, plural, [maftin, 

French.] A dog of the largeft £ze; a 

bandog. Spenjer. 

MA'STLESS. a, [from maft.] Bearing no 

ma ft. Drydenm 

MA'STLIN. y. Mited corn 5 as, wheat and 

rye. X^Jf^* 

MAT. /. [meatre, Saxon.] A texture pf 

fcdge, flags, or rufhes. Carew 

To MAT. V. a. [from the noun.] 

1. To cover with mats. ^ Evefyrtw 

2. To twift together; to join like a mat. 


MA'TADORE, /. [matador, Spanifh.J A 

handofcardSf Pope. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



J{/l^immi^* /• [French] An old dance. 

MATCH. /► [mtchi, Fr.] 

I. Any thing that catches fire. Bacon^ 

1. A conteft j a gimtr^ Sbah/jtutn, 

J. Qne cqu^ to *0<>thw i 04C able to con- 
tcft' with another. Bogers, 

'■ 4. One who fuits o|f taili^ with another. 
5. Aflaarriage. Sbniejputre, 

ti. One to l»e marked. ' Clartnd9»M 

•J"© MATCH. V. a, [from the noun.] 

1. To be equal to. Sb^hefptart, 
%, To fh^w an equal. Sg^tb, 

3. To equal J to oppofe; Milton, 

4. Tofiiit) to proportWnr Jltfcommon» 

5. Tom^'ry; to give ia manriage. 

To MATCH, V. 9. 

J, To^ be married. . S't^ty, 

2. To Air^ i to be proportionate ; to tjdly. 
MA'TCHA31*E. «. [from matcb.] 

2. $uital}k} equal} ^t to be joioid. 

%, Cofrerpcndcnt, Wo^i»4>'d, 

MA'TCHLEJSS. tf, [from »4/fA.] Without 
^ equaj. Wallir^ 

MA'TCHLESSLY. /, In a manner not to 
be equalled. 

MA'TCHL^SSKESS, /. [from mcttfhiefs,} 
• State of being without an equal. 

MA'TCHMAKER./. [matcb mA maker.^ ■ 
X. One \ylio contrives marriages. 

. Hudlhras. 
%. One who makes m^ches to burn, 

J^ATE. /. [maca, Saxon.] 

I, A huibapd or wife. Spenfer, 

9. A companion, male or female. Milton, 
J. *f\\t n^ale or female of animals. Mtlton, 

4. One that fails in the fame (hip. JLoJq, 

5. One that eats at the f^me table. 

6. The fecond in fubordination | as^ ihe 
mafter*« matt. 

To MATE. V. a, [from the nqun*] 
' ' \, To match 5 to m^rry, Spenfer^ 

a. To be equal to. Dryien, 

3. To oppoie ; to tqogl. Sbakefptore, 

4. IMat/tr, Freoch.3 To fubdue ; to con- 
found ; to cruOi. Sbakefpeart, 

^ATEfRIAL. a. [mataiel, Fr.] 

1. Confifting of matter j corf orcal 5 not 
fpiritual. Davits, 

2. Important J momentous j elTential. 

^ATE'RIALS. /. The fubftance of which 

any thing is made. Brnvn, 

I^IATE'RIALIST. /, [from materiaJ.] One 

who denies fpiritual fubftances. Dryden. 
MATERIALITY. /. [matoialit/, fr.] 

Corporiety j material exi/tence j not fpi- 

rituality, ^fg^y* 

I^IATERIALLY. ad, [from material} 

I. in the ilate of matter. , B^U* 

s« Not f^maally. ' jl#^£« 

3, Importantly } eilentlally. SpeaUisr, 

MATE'&IAIfNESS. /. [trom mattria/.J 

Sute of being material | ii^portance. 
MATE'RIATE. 7 a. [mattriatm, Lit.J 
MAT£'mAT£D.| €enfi)»uig of aauer. 

MATERIA'TION. /. ytommatfria, I^t.J 
The a^ of forming matter. 

MATE'RNAL. a, \mat»^, Fr. m^ter^h 
Lat.] Motherly i befitting or poftfiniog to 
9 mother. Dry4*»» 

MATE'RNITY./. [from i^tf/^r^fj, Latifi.J 
The charaaer or redatio^ of a mother. 

MAT. FELON./. A fpccicf of knap-wued. 

MATHEMA'TICAU?^. ImatbapatUus, 

MATHEMA'TICK. J Lat.J Confid<^d , 
according tf the do^m of l;^^ m^th^m*^ 
ticians. Pt^kfm* 

MATHEMA'TICALtV. «^ Tftonim^h^ 
matick,} According to the i*w8 of the 
mathematical fcie^cfg, Mtn$Iey» 

MATHEMATICIAN. /. [mafkm'tifus, 
Lat. ] A tt\m varied i« t^ m^th^gia* 
tickc. jid4ifon» 

MATHSMA^CKS, /. [ M«^efa,W»l. ] 
That faience which contemplates whatever 
is capable of being numbered Of p^fujed* 


MA'THES./. An herb. Mtvortl^ 

MATHE'6I5. /. [fn»»r»f.] Th^doOfinc 

MA'TIN. a, [matine, French.] Morning { 
uied in the morning* Mikon* 

MARTIN./. Moroiqg^ Sbaif^^e. 

MARTINS. /, [matines, French.] Morning 
WOrftip. CUamtUiud, StUiingJeet, 

MA'TRASS. /. [matras^ Fr.] A chejnical 
glafs veflel made for ^geftton or di|liUar 
tion, being fometinoe^ bellied, and ^me- 
times ri^g gradtij^ly tap^r intoaconic4 
figure. ^incj^ 

MAi'TRICE. /. [matrix, Latin.] 

I. The womb ^ the cavity where the fee- 
tut ^ formed; • Bacon, 

a. A mould ;- that which gives form tp 
fomething indofed. Wood%»ari% 

MA'TRICIDE, /. [matriddiMPi, Lat.] 
I. i^laughterof arnotheif. Brpif^, 

a. A mother killer. 

To MATRI'CULATE. v, a, [Uomm^tri^ 
cvla, Lat.] To enter or admit to a mem- 
berihip of tht univerikies of England. . 

MATRICULATE./, [from the verb.] A 
man matriculated. . ^rburbr.ot, 

MATRiCULA'TION. /. [from mafricu* 
Lite.] The a^ of matucal^ting, Aylijih 

MATRIMCNIAL, a, [«wirrii«(,«iW„ Kr.] 
Suiiatle to marriage) pertaining to iijar^i- 
age 5 connubial} pvptoilj byipene^l. , 

' DrydfM* 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

«l A1P 


MATRlXWmALLr. 4i. ffron m^trlm^ 
ma/.'] According to ±n inttner (ft hwt of 

Af ATRTHiOirf. /. [ii4/r}iiidb*«Mi, Latin.] 

^ Maf riage ; the flvptial Aate, Com. Prayer, 

MaU^PTRIX.A fiat. fiiiMtHte, Fr.] Wombj 

' a ^ck m^t any tllDii h tenenrted or 

"' fbi-lhed. Brown, 

BfA'TWJNr. /. [matrone, French.} 

1. An elderly lady. . ^Jlfirr. 

jB. An old WdftmA. Pi^. 

Bf ATRONAL. a, {matronalis^ Latin.] Snit- 

S. t^onducivc tQ the fopptttatioa of i fore, 

MATC'RE. 4. [maturiis, Latin.] '^^* 

1. Ripe J pcrfeaetf by tito*. J»rJbr, 

2. Brought near to a completion. Shakejp, 
t. WtW-difpofWj fit fbr execution J wdK 

' digefted. 
To MATUOtE. V. tf. [mtatp, Utb.] <^ 

ripen : tior adtance to ripencft. B4€9M% 

MATU'RELY. ad. [from •w/«r*.J 

X. Ripely; comptettely,' 

2. With connfcl well digefted. Mft, 

abletoamattonjedhftitudflgamattol). ^^« X, ZvtXy^ kxm, Bhttlif^ 

._-_ ^^airon and'iV.] £1* MATty'RITY . /. [»w/«r/V«, Latin,] Ripe. 


derlyj tndeik. " VEfiange, 

MATRCySS. /. Matrojfet art a ftrt of foJ* 

• dien next in degree under thd gUAners, 
who aflift about the goiii lA t»ver(ihg, 
ipunging, firing, and loading them, Batlty^ 

ItA'tTER, h [materia, LatiJi.] 
I. Body I &bfftaiee e^tteAded* 

Davies, N^tofott, 
s. MateriaU | that of which any thiAg 'ii 
compofed. Sdcon, 

^ Subjtd { this treated. TTtllotfott, 

4. The whole; the Tery thing fupp^f<^, 
y Affiur i bufine& : in a famUiar fenfe. 

" ' * BaC9n, 

6.^C»ufeofdii^bance. SMeJ^dre. 

\ 7- ^Snbjeilofruit or complaint. Jl^s, 
8. Iinport^ conl^'ueKce 5 fmpMtStnce j 
XDOment. Sbak^edre, 

nefsz completion. Ro^n^ 

MA'irbLm. A Drunk} fWdW. Swtttnu 
MA'UDLIN. /. [ageratum, Lat.] A plaht, 
MAtJORE. d, {mafgr/, French.] In fpit* 

of; notwithftanding. Bumetm 

ElA'Vrs. / (munffs, Frchch.j A thfuflu 
^ ' ^ Surfer, 

TbMAin.. v.a. fltem'iw^fltt, Lat. J Ttt 

beat} . to bruifc ; to hurt in a coarfc or 

bnttherly manner. Dfytkm 

Maul./, Imatlets, Latin,] A hcaty ham- 

i*'^« l^roverhu 

MAVTHVi,/. [ttiarfb, Saxon 5 mamle, Fr.] A 
' handba&et. 
Tb MA'UNDER. '^. n. [matdire, Ftencb.j 

Togrtimbie} to murmur. WlftmAm^ 

WA'0NDEREft../. ffrom numd^-.'} A 


9» Tking) objcft; -ehat Which haa (btec MaUNDY-THURSDAY./. The ThuriW 

ptrtxcular relation. Ba^cm, 

10. Queftjon cenfideted. $otAb, 

XK. Space qr quantity nearly computed. 


12. Purulent running. ' Wyeman, 

13. t^ ri>^ Matter. "With refpcft to 
the main; nearly. Bijhop Sanderfiu. 

To MA'TTER. V, n, £fioto the noun.] 
' X. To be of ifl^wrtance } to import. 

BAi. Job)fon, 
z. To genemte mattelr by fappuration. 

To MA'TTER. v. a, [from the noun.] To 

regard: not -to n^eft* - 
MA'TTERY. a, [frook matter,} Purulent; 
' gener^tingjhatter. Barvey, 

MAtTOCK. /. [mettuc, Saion,] 

t. A kind of toothed infiniment to poll Hip 
' wood. -.. - - 

2. A pickax. KnoUeu 

MATTRESS./. [mMrOi, FreAeh.] A kind 
of^uiit made to lie upon. Dry den, 

MATITRA^TION. /. [from maturo, L«.] 
I. The a^ of ripening^ the fiate df grow- 
ing ripe. Bentief, 
a. The fuppuration of excrementitious cr 
. extmfafated juices into matter. ^inty, 
MATURATIVE. a, [from maturo, Lai] 
!• Rtpening; conduciFC toripenfcli. 


bcfere Oood»fHday. 
MAUSCLEUM, f. [Latin.] A fioft^uf 

funeral monument. 

MAW. /. [maja, Saxon.] 

1. Thcifomach of animahu Shlrte^ 

%. The craw of birds* Arhutbnof, 

MA'WKISH. tf. ,Apt to give fatiety. iW. 

MA'WKISHNESS./. [hommawkyh.} Apt- 

nefs to caufe loathing. 

MA'WMET./. A puppet, anciently anidoL 

MA^MISH. a, Fooli&j idle; n«ufeo«. 


MaW-WORM. /. Oat-worms frequently 

creep into the ftomatfa ; whence they are 

called fiomach or maw^wtmu. Barveft 

MA'XILLAR. I a. [maxiUarh, Latin:! 

MAOCILLARY. J Belonging to the jau^ 

bone. Bac<m^ 

Sbahb>eare^ MAOCIM./. [maxhnm, Latin.] Anaxiomf 

^ " a general principle j a leading troth. 

MAY. anxiHiry verb, preterite nngbt, [ma* 
2an, Saxon. J 

t. To be at liberty; to be permitted; to 
be allowed : as, you may do for me all you 
can. L9cke^ 

2. Tobcpofliblc. Bacon. 

3. To be by ch?nce. Sbakefpeare, 

4. To have power.. Bac«n, 
' $, A word expreiliAg defire. Dryden, 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


MAV*^. Pedu^ Bf,enfir. Crmli 

MAY. /. IMaius, Latia.] The fifth month 
of the yearj the. cfin&at of SpHi^ and 
Summer 5 the early on gay part of life. ^ 


To MAY. V. «. [from the nounj To ga- 
ther flowers on May morning, Sidney ^ 

MAY-BUG. /• {May and bug.] A chaffer* 

MAY-DAY. /. IMay and i/^jr.] The firft 
of Jtftfy. > , , Sbakdpeart. 

MAY-FLOWER./. £3% and /ow^.] A 
plant.' ^tfc««. 

May. FLY./. [May^nify.'] An infe£t 


MAY-GAME. /. [iMtfjr andr^w.} Diver- 
lion J fport | Aich as are uled on the firft 
of A%. ^tfwu. 

May-lily. /. The iamc with Uly of the 
valley. \ 

May-pole./. [MayvoA^oh^i p©ic t^be 

danced round in May, Pope. 

MAY- WEED./ IMay and weed.} A fpc- 
cies of chamomile, MiUir. 

MA'YOR./ [major, Latin.] The chief ma«. 
giftrate of a corporation* who, in LondoQ 
and York, is called Lord Mayor, KnoUes^ 

MA'YORALTY./ [fr(Wi nmytr.} The of- 
fice of a mayor. ' Bacpn, 

MA'YORESS. / [from mayor.} The wife 
of a mayor, 

liA'ZARD./. [a«//c^wrr, French.] A jaw. 


I. A labyrinth; a place of perplexity and 
winding paflages. Thomfm, 

S* Confufion of thought | tmc^tainty } 
perplexity, - ^Sidnfy. 

5^0 MAZE. Vf a. [horn the noun.] To be^ 
wilder I toconfufe. Sperfer* 

MA'Z Y^ tf. {from «r«a;«,J Perplexed j con- 
fuftd. Dryden. 

MA'ZER,/ Itaaefer, Dntclu] A maple cup, 


M. D. Medkina Do8or, do£tor of phyfick. 

ME. The oblique cafe of J. Popi. 

ME' ACOCK./, [nuscoffFu Skinmr,} An 
uxorious or effeminate man, 

' M£' ACOCK.. 4I4 Tame J timorous; cow- 
ardly. Shakespeare. 

MEAD, /. f ms^o, Saxon,] A kind of drink 
madfr.of water and honey. tftyden, 

MEAD. , 7 /. f roar^e, Saxon.] Ground 

ME'ADpW. J fomewhat watery, not plow- 
ed. Tf^aHer. 

ME'ADOW-SAFFRON./ [coUbkutn, Lat. j 
A plant. Miller, 

ME'ADO W-SWEET./ [ulmaria, Latin.] A 

ME^AGER. 0. [maigre, f'rench.l 

1. Lean ;. wanting ilefli ; fiarved, DrydetK 
a. Poor J hungry. Dryden. 

To ME'AGER, V. 41. [froin the noun.J To 
make lean. ^ Knollett 


ME'AGERNtSS./. [^-n irmoj t . 

I. Leannefs; wantoffleib. 

a. Scantnefs; barenels." " ^S^otig 

MEAK, / A hook with a loa^ ha^ldle. . 

MEAL. / [mide, Saxon.] ■ ^ ' ^''^'^' 
I. The aft of eating at a certain time. 

«. Arepaft, , Sbah/pear,^ 

3. A part 5 a fragment. iacoiu 

4. The flower or edible part of corn. 

n^ «».. Cotton.. 

To MEAL, V. a. [meler^ Fr.*] To fprinklc % 
^o mingle. SbaHpeare^ 

ME'ALMAIi./ [««i/and,««w».] OnethaC 

deals in meal. 
ME'ALY, a, f ftom meat} ' ^ * 

I. Having the tailc or ftfb ii^fipi^ of 
[ ™eal, Arbutbuotp 

-«, Befprinkled, as with meal. Bro^on^ 
ME'ALY-MOUTHED. tf. Soft mouthed f 

unable to fpeak freely. VEftrattze. 


nefs; reftraint Of fpeech, 
MEAN, a. [moene, Saxon.] 

I. Wanting dignity 5 of low rank oi: birth. 


%, Low-minded 5 bifej tihgenerotis ; ftl- 

ritlefs. , Smalrid^^ 

3. Contemptible; defpicabje* pXe. 

. 4. Low in the degree of any properly ; low 

in worth, ' • ' ' Dryien, 

5. [il%<», French,] Middle 5 moderate j 
without excefs. ' ^ Sidney, 

6. Intervening ; intermediate. i Kings* 
MEAN. /, [mcyen, French.] 

I. Mediocrity; middle rate; mediunv' 

a. Mealure ; regulation, ^penfer, 

3. Interval; Interim ; mean time, ^j^^A/tr. 

4. Inilrument; meafure; that which ia 
ufed in order to any end, Hooi^ef, 
$n By all Means. Withoot doubt | 
without hefitatioo. 

6. By no Mxans. Not in anydKr£cj 
not at all, , ^ Mdijon^ 

7. Revenue; fortune, "* Sbakejpeati, 
. 8. MxAN-TjMs, > In the intervening 

MxAVj-WHiti. 3 titne. Swift, 

To MEAN, V, n. [meenen, Dutch.] To 
have in mind : to iiitcnd ; tb purpofe, 

to MEAN-, v.g. 

i. To purpofe; to intend; to de5gn« 

' MilM. 

5. To intend j to hi^tcovenly ; to under- ^ 
ftand. Diydefit 

MEA'NDER, /. Maze; labyrintt; fiexu- 
Ous pafiage; ferpentine winding. Hali* 

MEA'NDROUS.«. [from meander.} Wind- 
ing; flexuous. 

ME'ANING./. [from mean,} 

. 1. Purpofe; intention* SbsUfpeun, 

ft. Habitual 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


U. E d: 

■ t,. The ienic i thif tb^ig «iiderfto«4. iW. 
iirANLY. sJ. (iiommean.'i 

t» M^oder«tel^; aotan a fMat degree. - 

^' .%* Wic&oDt dignity ; poorly. Miitoki 

3*W^ho^t gmtnefs of snad) wigdAe- 
- ■ tbwy.' . . , Frhr* 

4* Witiif uc re^iea*. ' fVam. 

MJBA^mfESS. /. [from wmii.] 

2. W^t pr digmty } tow nnk { poverty. 

3. Lowfiefs of miadi . . . Si§iab. 
4* Sordidnefev; ni^ardlbeis. 

M£'ANT. pec& and (nitt^ ^. of t9 meam 


I^ASE. /• JL mt^e-oi herriofi if fiee bun-* 

. deed. jlinfto&nb, 

WE'AStES, /. 
x«> MeaJUs. ate a criHcU eraptioa ib a fever, 
weQ known in the common psa^ice^ , 

tib A^ifoiiebffwlne. Stn, Jitrnfen, 

^ 3» A difeafe of trees. Mortimer, 

MB'ASl.%T>. a. [ikmtti flIM/Itf.] Infeatd 

.with themeafles. . . Hudihfau 

MBfASLY. a. {(xommea/Us,} Scathed with 

■ the inf$4iles. . - Sivlft, 
ta^'ASUHABLl ^ 

' . I« Sudi af joa^ &e meiAirdd. . ^^js^/^f. 
•^'a« Moderate ; in fouiU quantity* 
liB'ASURABLENESS./. [ixommeafurablt,1 

^idiiy of adinktiiig to be meafured* - 
MTASI/aABU^. .«^. {froa meaj^rahle.'] 
• Moderately. . Bctiuf. 

ME'ASURE."/ f«tr»*, French*] 

J. ThaX hy which any thing ife meafured.. 

., ' j^buthnot. 

a. The rule by which any thing it tdjufted 

«y fM[oportione^* ^ -Wbrf. 

^ 3. Proportion; .quantity. fettfod. Bookey, 

4, A ftated quantity j at, a meajure of 

wia^i ^ Sbakefpeart, 

'-\<, Sufficient, quantity. Sb0kejpeare. 

/d. "Allotment ^ portion allotted. 

. -• . Milton, Ttlltififi, 

7. P^cc* Jibbot. 

B. ^roppTtiooate tidK| mufical tjtne« 

. . . '^ • Prior. 

9. ]Clotion harmonically regulate. JXrytkh, 

13. ^ ilately dance. . Sbakefftare, 

li.iitbderation) hot excefs* Sbakejpeare, 

J ,1^^'^imit i boundary. Pfatwli, 

y\. jftiy thing' adjtfffed. Taylor. Smairi/ige, 

'14. , Syllables ^letrically n\»j»be»ed ; mecre. 

45..T«ine$ proportionate notei. ■Sfiwfer, 
16, Mean of adtion^ mean to. an «nd, 

' t7. To^ve hard meafit/t ,• to be. htrdjy 

dialt b^. 
U ME'ASURE. i/. *. itrefurer, French.] 
Vol. U, 

-i; To cdmpnte tHe qdaaHty of any thing 
by fome fettled Hile, Bacon • 

* ft. To pal^ through j fio judge of extent by 
marching over. DryJen» 

3 . 1*0 judgie of quantity or ettent, or greats 
neis. Miitorim 

4. To adjttft } n> pkopOrtioa; VayUt. 
•5. To mirk out in iated quantitlet. 


6. To allotordiftriWebymeafure* Matt, 
ME'ASURELESS. m. [from matfUrr.] fm- 

menft ; immeafurable, Hbakefpean^ 

MEASUREMENT. > f fitmi w««>rri ] 

Meofuration i aft of meafuring. 
MEASURER. /. [frdm me^ffure] One that 

MEAT. /. [meti French.-] 
.1. FldA to be eal^n. Baeon, 

%, Food in general. Sbakejpeare, 

ME'ATEIX #. [frtfm }»€»/.} Fed ^ foddered. 

MBATHE. /. [meii, Welih.] Drthk. 


MIGHA'NIC AL. 7 a, [merbanicut, Latirt 1 

MECHA'NICK. $ fiora |uiixairf.] 

S. Mean) fervile > of mean occupation. 

Rof: ommort, 

. 9, Conl^l6led by thelawsof mechanicks. 

3.' Skilied in mechaaieks.- 
MitCFiA'NICK. /. A manufaaurer ^ abw 
. workman. Soutb, 

MECHA'NICKS. /. [meehanka, Latin. J Vf. 
. WalHs defines Mfa&aaicij to be the geome- 
try of motion. 
MECHA'NICALLYi ad. f from i*rr^«V;i.] 
According to the laws of xhechaniOn. ' ' 
Rao, Nevflon, 
MfeCHANJ'C ALNESS. A [from '#r>fto«'V4. J ♦ 
1. Agreefthlentft to the iawa vS aofechan« 

a, MeannelJ!. 
MECHAI«K:i AKi /. yA man pTOfdTing or 
Audyiog'Che confiruaion of niacfairies. 

• ' ^ Boyk 

ME'CHANISM; /. [mecbamfmei Fieooh.] 
I4 Aaion according to mechanick laws. 

%i Conft ruft ion of parts depending nn each 
other iff any coiDpltCffted fiibilck. 
MECHO'ACAN. /. A large root, twelve! 
or fourteen inches long, artd of the thick- • 
nefs of a manls .t^rri^, uftmHy divided ijjito 
two branches at the bottom : it is brought 
from the pindkinite ofWrnboaciit \ti South 
America: the root in powder il a gehrle 
a>id mi1(^ pi\rs>tive. IBIU 

M£€0 NIUM. /. {^xt.±oiv^m'] 

i..Expt<fl'ed juice of poppy. , 
. 4. .The firft exccement of chifdrtn. 

ME'DAL. /. f^<fe//Ar, French.] 

1. An ancient coin, ^JJlfor, 

4 H i. A 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



^} ft. A pieci flampcd in hdhoor of (&tak re- 
marltable performance. 
Af £DA'LLICR. a. (fipth «r«^^/.] Pertaining 
. to. jnedals. Addifm. 

MEDA'LLlbN. /. ImedaHitmy Fiench^J A 
• large antique ftamp or medal. Addifin* 
MEDA'LLIST. /. Imedaiiijh, rieach.l A 
man fkiUed orcuridus inmeib}!, jidJifon, 
To ME'DDLE. i;. «. [middelen, Dutch.) 
. T« To have to ^. Bac^», 

' 9. Tointerpufe; 'to •& m anj thiiig.' 


3» To interpolj: oe intervene impdrtnnely 

^ or officiottiljf. ''- \ Fr&verhs. 

To M£'DDLE. v» tf . ffr^m .«^, French.] 

To mix J to mingle. Sfenfir. 

ME'DDLER. 7. :[from i*^^».] One ih^ 

. Imfies himrelf with things iti which he has 

no concern. Baan, 

U1L*X>DLI%0UZ. M. lat^medaiing. 

MEDIAS^W$. f. The «in?bri4ted Udf 
about which the guts are convolved. 

ToME'DIATB. v, «. Ifrom mediUs, LatJ 
J. Tu io^erppfe as an t^ual friei»d t^S both 
. ' parties. Rogirs* 

. ft. To be between tv^o, J^*gfy» 


1., To form by mediation. Clarendon, 

a. Toiimit by fomcthiog in the middte. 

ME^DIATC. d. (mediat, Ftehth,] 

S. J^terpofedj intervening. Prior, 

a. Middle 3 between two extremes. ^9r, 

. , 3* , A Aing as a means. * Wottoii^ 

kh'DlA'iEtY. «/. {trommdiate,} By a 

, iiscondary caufe* Raieigb, 

;v!EDIA'TlON, /. [mdiatian^ .French'.] 

- 9« laterpofiooa; interremioA^ a%ebcyte« 

twecQ two parties^ pra£U/e4 b^ a cctemon 

friend. Bacon, 

. %, Agency; an Intervementpdwer. Souths 

3. Inteicff^ioa f entreaty ^ imothfBr. 
JUiDIA'TOR. /. [mediatfur, French.) 
2% One that intervenes bet Weeh t wo par6tt. 


%, Aft interftfTor ; an entreater fpt ano- 

.. th«r. ^tiitlnifett, 

3. Ooe*4>f the charaQcrt of our hle^fed 

Satiouf. Mil/o*. 

MEDIAtO'mL. 7 a. [from wadlam',] 

ME'DiA'tOKY, S ^^laa^ing to a me- 

, ddator. Fiddes, 

MEIDIA'TORSHIP. / [from Iwdiaitr.] 

The oftoe of a mediator. 
.JWEDlATKi;^. /., [w«?w, M5i».] A fc- 
maie mediator. - ' Jtfnfimnh, 

ME'DIC. /. (medUa, Latin.] A Plan?. 

.METJICAL. 4i, [«r<iy«s Latini] Phyfical } 
relating to Che iurt of bcaHftg* SnvMi, 

. ficallyj tatffi^mfi. ' ^" ti^mtn. 

MFDICAMCirr../ iff4f^wnMlKi^VaLi 

Anything uSed in heading | f/twbMy tO' 

"fHci^ applications. ifalmund^ 


■ Relating to znediciofe^ intqlnal ^itd^kai. 

MeOICAMrNTALLY. ad, ffrotojittifl^*. 
mnitalJ] After the miJuiepi>t oMciiaB. 

' Bt^iwwU 

To MI'DICATE. v. fiu\mSmy lMMi,\Tt> 
t!n€hirc oUt isapnisnatt %ith ttqf 1 Aittjg a»e- 
dkkial. Ramhler. 

MEDICATION./. [ftoalwdlicA^}: .^ 
I. The a£l of tutdMrtag or ioipitgnaiang 
Witit Medicinal ingrtdieftti. ^Baami, 

a. The ofe of phyfick. Brwift. 

MEDPCINABLE. j« Having tJUpos^bT 

• phylick. Baan. 
MEDICPNAL. a. ' ^ 

1. Having the p&wec of hcaHog y having 
phyikai wt«<; .. .MUttn, 

• a. Belonging to phyfick. Butkr„ 
MEDiCmALLY. viL [ira&i4i«&faa^] 
. Phyfieally. Dryden. 
UZ'BVCl^i.f. ImtAth^ Fseoch} MaSdtu^ 

i^atiA.] Anj remedy adii3ii]ftralh|Lli fhy- 

fitiwi. . I^bh 

ToME'DICINE. v. «« [firoai.tbbJiuMa.1 

To operate as phyfick* StaUfttsrZ 

MEDPETY. f, Imdktdi Ifettaok,} Ifiiftle 

ftate) pattk^tibftoftvoeKtseiMS} Jalf. 

MEDIOCRITY./. [wadmrkMi^i 

1. SomU <tegrefc j midtlle xiita ; 
fiate. . if^MM. 
a. Modorationi CMnpmnecb ii^olff, 

T6 MEDITATE, v. a [iMfiiWr, Latin.] 

2. Tophmj tofchenoei tocomrive. i)ry/, 
a« T« tiiiak oit> to rcrolte is the <niad. 

To A^'DfTATE. ^. w. To think f tonivfej 
to contemplate. Ttoakr* 

M£DITAn"ION. / [medkMh, Latin.] 
S. Deep thought) ckife atxentJoa^ con- 
trivance ; contuspiad^n. *Buklef. 
a. Thought employed upon £icrtd object. 

3. A ftrics of'thaoghta^* MCafioned hy any 
objed or occurrence. 

ME^OITATIVE. s, [from «tfi«af«.] 
1; Addi^ed to meditation, 
a. Exprefiiag intention or dd%B. 
MEDTTERRA'NE. •) tWTir,.-! 

MEDITERRA'NEAN. C "*• ^"l!^ 
' 1. Encircled with land. SrertwMd, 

a. Inland ; remoct fpocn the km, Br&vnh 
MB^DiUM. / imediMm, Latim] . 

I. Any thing intervening. ' JterM^ 

a. Any tdiijig ufed la nitio«i*iita«D» i« or- 
der to A conclufiour iK«i«r. 
. • $. Tm 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

M BfB': 


ti,^<TJft fniit of that tree. Qtavtk^ 

Hf jTOty. /, A mixture ^ a mifccUaay f » 

aisled mals, HWi^. 

ME'DLET. a. MiAgkd ; con/uied. DryOen, 

MEDU'LLAKY. \ Pertalnijig to tj^e mar- 
tpm. Cbt^m* 

tSEEb. /. [me^, Saxon.] 
!• Rcwmi^ ). r«com^ce# MUttm, 

%i Prfcfent; gift, . . Slahffwre^ 

USMK. a. Imin^r, I0aQ4Jck.l MUd c? tern* 
ptr I no% prow4 i not rousli; iimft ) |«9tl«. 

• ). • Colitir, 

T4> ME^EKEN. f^ #. .[from «Mry To 

mifge meek i to l<yften. ifew^oM, 

IfiBfEKLY. a4/.[A:omi»^M.] Mildly} s'l^t^X* 

ME'EiCNESS. /. [fromiReei.] GcDtlenelsj 
iv imldnefa 5 foktncfs of twnper. ^ Jbtvbury, 
•MdW>. ^ A. [See Mkk x A Simple ; unmixed. 
MEEIt. /. j;$c»M^»94 A lakes a b(^n. 

[ Ib^^KSP. tf« • JUIadi)^ tp bonndaiy. 

\'i. . SbaAe/jnare, 

/'iMf.JFlt} proper 1 quatiiied. Now rarely 

; 9U Jdl S X T wiV^ Even with, Shakefftan, 
"To MEET. v»M» pretr lav</» I4x>v<aid(i 
■ - |klrticip« JUKI, 

a» To coAe £Ke . to face $ ^ encounter. 

\ t« To join anotlker ill tjie faipe place, 

J. To clofe one with another. jiddijon. 
4. Toiiad) to be treated imLttj^to bght 
'-«n. Po^e. 

S« To »nrQoaUe from different parti.. 

T» MEET. V. #. . 
' X* To encounter j to clofe face to face. 
' '%i'To encounter in hoftility. 
: 3* To oflemble ^ t» cooae togpt^Kr. 

, Ttllotfin, 

4« i#ft|xxT wf/it. T^Hght oik$ to And. 


5. 2«MxET wi/i6. To join. Shakejptare, 

M > .jL Ttf Meet w//^. Tq e^qop^tcrj to 

' 7. 'A Utinifm. T^ obvjatC4 Jfac^, 

ii^To advance half way. South. 

''•' f, Xaooite.; to joU* 

Mt'ETER*/. {(torn meit,'\ Qae'tb^at acccftt 

' ^^^nethcr, •, ,. ^akifp*are, 

• mWtmO. /. {from iwr] 

> I. An aflfembly \ a coovtJition. ^r^/O 

• ' fi« A con^rcfi, Sbfikejj^fan^ 

3*, 4 ot^kvo^kle^^iia ,aOanb^ of diiScnt- 


A. A conflia: $s, the a^'jiQ^ oY tw« 
.^ nvers. 
iMBE'TING-HOUSE.y: fir^»>f and W^.] 

Place where diifentert afl*emblc to woiioip. 


ME'ETLY. 4id, [fron^ ^be adjeairc,] Fitly; 

ME'ETNESS,/ [from mirf.] Fitncfij pro- 
ME'CRIM. r. [fifem Bemkrsfiy.] Diforder 

of the head. Bacots, 

To MEINE. V. a. To minyl*- 
ME'INY. r. (menijtt, Saxor 

dcmefttck fcrvant$, 
MPLANCO'GUES. /. [fro 

iyf'} Sych medicines m ai 
, ticularly to ptirgc off black 
MELANCHO'tlCK. a. [fr. 

DiforJered with melancht 

hypochoQdriacal. Qlarendon* ' 

ME'LANC^OLy. /. [from ^uiA^w; and 

1. A difeafe fnppofed to proceed &om a re- 
dtandance of black bile. S^uincym 

2. A kind of madnafs, in which the miiid 
is always fixed on one obje£t« ^hakthtart^ 
4. . A gloomy^ peofive^ difcontented tem- 
per. ~ Taykr, 

KIELANCHCKLy. a. [meiancorifue, Fr.] 
X, Gloomy 3 difmal. Dtabam, 

2. Diieafed with melancholy | .^Miciful ; 
habitually dejeded. tackt* 

MEUCEW, /, [/«xi»Hp?c.I Jff^iJciris is a 
t^unour j^clofed hi a cyftis, an<d cenfiljking 
of honey t it gather; without 
pain, and gives way to prtiTure, butretornt 
again. Sharp, 

IILOT, /,' Inetilotf Fr. melitotut, l,at.) 
ApUnt, Mftl/sr. 

To ME'LTORATE. «. a, [mdJorep, French j 
' ixovfk^^iorp Ldt.} To better | to improve. 


MEtTORA'TION. /. Morathn, French. J 

Improveirient j aa of bettering. Bacm^ 

MELIC'RITY. /. [from mtnof, Lat.J State 

gf being better. ^tfC0». 

Tq MELL. v. «. [iw/«r, Fr.] To mix; to 

, meddle. Spejifer, 

MELLIFEROUS, a, Produaive of honey. 

MELLIFICATION. /. [mellijico, Latin.] 

The art or practice of making honey. 

MEl^LI'FLUENCE./. [melzn^fuo, Latin.] 

A honied flow ; a now of fweetneft. 
MELLIFLUENT. 7 a, [mUnS^tto, Lat.] 
MELLl'FLUOUS. J Flowing with honey. 


ME'LLOW. a.» 

, i^ Soft ^'ith rtpenefs ; full ripe* ' £>igbf, 

z. Soft in found. Dnden* 

3. %9(i\ uo^ltioos. Baicm* 

4 U s 4* Df ttsk I 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

lV4 E' U 

M B-Jf 

I. To ripen j to manure j to foftcn by ripe- 
Heft/ ' > " ' Jiddijfan, 

' »#Tofoften. Moft'nkir. 

). To m9lm«io.perf6dbii. :J>^dm, 

To ME'LLOW. -tK «. *r« be matu|fe8 f ti> 

I ripeo. •' 0cme^ 

KS£'J^LOWNSSS. /* ph»m jw/Aw.] 
It tMa|»irity of ii-uits| tipenelii} loftneft 
by maiarity. Dighy* 

ft. Maturity ^ full age* 

MELOCO'TON,/,. [»fc&«f(w/,SFMiA.] A 
quince. *^ 

MELODIOUS. 0. [hommlodj.] B^ifical; 
harmonious. MiitoH, 

^ELO'DIOUSLY. aJ, {koai wtlodkus.] 
Mufically ; harmoniouAyJ 

M^LQ^DIOUSNESS. /. (from mlo^dus.^ 
Ha'momoufnefs } muficalnefs. 

HE'LQDY. /. [ftiXaJiW] Mttijckj harmo- 
ny of found. ^ooken 

NE'LON./. [«r/o, l^tin.l 

1. .A pJant. JW?//^. 

2. The fruit. • ' Kendfers, 
MEaON-THISTLE. /. A plant. 

^^ MEI4T. t/i. a, [nryfiean, Saxon.] 

s^ To diffoht $ to make Ikiuid j common- 
ly by h««t. t0c^. 
%» To dinrolre; tot)l-e^}n pieces. JfarnA, 
3^ To Ipvc or teaderners. AdSjon; 
4. To waftc away. Hbakefptare, 

To MELT. ^ ». 

' ' I, To bccom? liquid 5 to diflblve. Drjden, 
a. To t>c (oftenei to pity, or any gentle 
paflion* Sbakefjfftare* 

3. To be dlifolved ^ to loie iubftance. 


4. To be fubdoed by aflliaioli, Pjalm. 
ME'LTER, /, {from wf/fc] Qne that mcU* 

inetaU. S'ldtiiy, 

ME'LTINCLY. <ftf^ [from w«ftfi^.] Like 

foinething melting. Sidney. 

ME'LWEL./. Akindoffift. ' ' ^ 

ME'MBER. S, [memhre, French.] 

X, A limb ) a part appendant to the body. 

2. A part of a difcourfe or period j a head ; 
acjaufe* ^ f^atts* 

3. Any part of an integral, A4di^n, 

4. One ei a comtnunity. • Addijon, 
ME'MBRANE. /• {mmkroHa^lMin.'] A 

membrane is a web of feyeral fort$ of fib^c?, 

interwoven togetlier for the covering and 

wrapping up fpme part) : the.fibtts, ^ the 

ffiembranes give them an claftjcity> whereby 

they can contra^^^ ajid clofely grafp^ t^e 

parts they contain- S^uitity, Brtmm* 

MEMBRANA^CEQUS. ") ^i [membraneux, 

MEMBRA'KEOUS. i French.] Con- 

^iEMBRA'NOUS. J iijftinR of mem- 

ME3WI^, f. \h%^9C\ A memoilaf nb^ 
' tice \ a him to awaken tne menibtv, Macotu 
MEMO'fR J /.' XmMetr^ Fi»c«cit.^ "' '^ 
I. An actouqt of pVihetiohi kti^Vtly 
written. ' ' ^Prior^ 

. %^ Hiot-j-notlce'} aecoom of anir thing. . 

ME'MORABLE. a, [«^(r*«ftj Xat!tt.] 
* Worthy of memory ^ not to be forgoAea. 

ME'MORABLY. ad, [horn mmorabUA la 

a manner worthy of meihory. * * 
MEMORA'NDUM* /• [L^^tin J A note to 

help the memory. Swifl, 

MEMb'RiAL. a, [memoridlh, Laitin.] 
■ I. Preferrativc of mcinoiy, Broom^ 

»• Contained in memory. Watts, 

MEMORIAL./. A monument 5 (ortcthing 

to prefcrvc memory, Southm 

MEM(yRIALIST./ [from memonaL) Orie 

who writes mcmoriais. SpeSiator* 

To MEMORI'ZE. v. a. [from ifiUhory, J To 

record j ,to commit to memdry by writing.. 

Wottofii K 
ME'MORY./. [|»eirf«r/>, Latin.] 

I. The power of retaining or recoIle£Hii^ .< 

' thirtg8pift|~retfcMidii5 ftttiiufocAce j rfc- 1 

colle£Uon. ^ toch* (I 

2t Exemption from o1>llvid!n« SbaJteffAfri, f 

3. Time of knowledge. i/Tiltoai I 

4. Memorial 3 monumental record* \ 

5. Rhfle£^ion \ a^tentio^, ?{ot in btV. 1 

Sh'ak^^m. \ 

MEM, the plu^aT of flbM; Ctartnd^. 

MEN-PLEASER. / \men2Xi^p\ea^ir.'\ doe 1 

too careful to preafe oth'ers. Epbijtans» 

To ME'NACE. V. a. [menacer, French . 1 To 1 

threaten ; to threat. Shakejptre, 

ME'NACE. /, [menace^ Fr. from the verb. J 

Threat. . Bt&ton. 

ME'NACER. /. [menactur, Fr.] A thrtat- 

ener 3 one that threats. Pbilits, 

MENJ^GB. /. [French.^ A coHcftion of 

animal). Addifrn, 

WpfAGOQXlZ, / [/(MVfc and ajrdl.T A 

medicine that promotes the flux of the 

To MEND. V. a. [emetfdo, Latin.] 

I« To repair from breach or decay. 

1 ClrotAtks* 

%» To cont^i 40 a)ter fof the better. 


3, To fielp J to advance. ZJtir. 

4. To improve 5 to increafe. Dryderim 
To MEND. V. «. Td grow better | to ad- 
vance in any good. ' Pof>e. 

ME'NDABLE. a. {from mnd.l Capable pf 

being mended. ^ 
MENDA'CITY. jT. [frpm wwd!<i*^ Latin^] 

Falfehood. ' Brttvit. 

ME'NDER./. [from iw*»f</.] One who make* 

tay chkngc for the better. Sbukejjfure^ 
^ ^^S'NDICA^tT^ . 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

M E R 

|fkflCt)ICAI9T. /. (Mtfktmi, hkU} teg,. 
t -si's 9 POorto»#iteof l)e^ary, Fiddti, 
ME^DICMNT. f.Jmendkaiit, Cwnch.} A 

to|ggr^| 9AC of foflie Verging ^teratty. 

To h^'NDJCATE. v. a, [w«AVa, Utin-j 

fMiiiltfr^ Ff«ncl> J Tobeg^ to alktrimt. 

MENPi^lTY. /. likendkitas, Utin.] The 

' lifedf a beggar. 

MBJtlAL, tf • [fVom mdiijr.] Belonging to 
the retinue, or tr^in of feryants. 

ME'^IIAL. /. One of the train of fenrants. 

ME'NINGES. /. [ftmT^.] The Mmhges 
are the %vro membranes t)>at envelope ue 
brim, wJiich are called the pia mater and 
dura mater ^ the latter beipg the exteHor 
intolucram. H^tfcman, 

MENO'LX>GY. /. [/twaX^wn] A regliKr 
of months. StiM'mgfeet, 

ME'NOW. y; commonly mttmovu A iifli.' 

IfC'KSAL. a. [menfaRs, Latin*] Belonging 

tothetah^e. Ckrfffa^ 

Ifil'NSTRUAL. a. [maifiruus, Latin.] 

I. Monthly; happenin|^ once a month; 

lafting m month. JSentlej, 

a. Pertaining to a menflnittm.' Baton, 

HE'NSTRUOUS. a. [meftjlrutts, Latin,] 

Having the catattiem'a. Brown, 

MEOfSTRUUM. /. All liqoon are called 

nunflruunu which are nfed as diffirfvents^ 

. or to extract the virtues if ingredients by 

infofion^ d^CO^i^n. ^iniy. Newton, 

BlENSlIRABI'LlTy. /. [iiw»>rtf«m^- Fn] 

Capacity of being meafured. 
ME^Sf/RABLE. /n [wM>rtf, Lat.] Mea- 
fural)lei that fnay be meafured. HAder. 
ME'NStJRAL. ^ a, [from menptra, Latin.] 

Relating to meafure. 

To ME'NSURATE. v. jr. ffroi* menfurat 

Latin J To meafure j to take the dimei^- 

fion of any thing. 

MENSUR ACTION. /. [from wir/artf , Lat.] 

The z€tox practice of mcafuring \ refult of 

meafbring. Arhurbnot, 

ME'NTAL. a, [mentU, Latin.] Intelleaual} 

etifting in the mind. Mi^eon, 

^lE'NTALLY. «</, [from«««ftf/.l Intcnc^- 

tua%; inthemind; not pramcally, b\Jt 

in thoii^it or medttsition. Bemley, 

ME'NtlON. /. Imeatio, Latin.] Oral or 

' written expreffion, or recital of an^ Ihing. 

. Rogers. 

I Ttf ME'NTION. V. tf. [memionner, French,] 

To write or cxpre^ in wonJs or wiitHig.- 

• 'Jfti'mb, 

MEPHI'TIC^L. a, [metbitis^ Latin. J lU 

IfavoumJ; iKtiking. ^ • S^tney, 

MERACIOUS. tf. [meratusy'bkt.l Strong j 

ME'RC ABLE, a, [mtrcer, min.] To be rWd 

M E R 

MEOICANTANT. /. [nKnantante, Ital.J 

A foreigner, or foreign trader. Sbakefnettru 
ME'RGANTILC. a. Trading- ^omnAciif* 

ME'RCAT. /. [m«rr»/«i, Latin.] Market^ 

.trade. * - Sjrott, 

WE'RCATURl./. [««T*rtrrar, Latin.] The 

fradtice of baying and felling. 
ME'KCENARINESS. / Ifrom mercenofy,} 

VenalFty ; refpea fb hire ^reward. S^k. 
MB/RCENARY. a. [mtrcenartut, Latin.l 

Venal 5 hired 5 fold for money. HofwoeSi 
ME'RCENARY. /. fntercenafrer FlCnch.J 

A hSrtUng ; one retained or'ierving^pay, 


ME^RCER. /. ^mertter, French.} One who 

felh fitks. Howe/. 

MEfftCERY. /. [mercetie, Fr. from mercer.} 

Trade of mercers; dealing in filkf. Graunt. 
To ME'RCHAND. v. it. Ithanbander^ Fr. J 

To tran<a£b by traffick. Bacoum 

ME^CHANIHSE. /. ImareMhSfe, Fr.) 

• 1. Traffick-; commerce j trade. Tajkr, 
2, Wares ^ any thing to 6e bought or fotll, 

To ME'RCHANDISE. v.n. To trade j to 

traffick 5 to exercife commerce. 'Brerew^ 
ME'RCHANT./. InArtlhnd, Fr<*nch.] One 

who trafficks to remote countries. JddUou. 
ME'RCHANTLIKE.f a, tXkt a mcr- 
MEOICHANTLY. J chkift. JSSnJvi. 
MERCHANT^MAN. /. A fldp of tride. 


Fit to be bought or fold. Srowp, 

ME^RCIABLE. a. The trord in Sfenfer 

iignrfies mercifih 
ME'RCIFUL. a. [mercy andyiJ/.] Cdm'paf- 

itonate ; tender ; kind ; unwilling to pi^- 

nifb 1 willing to pity and fpare. 3eue. 
ME'RCIFlf LLY. 4</ Tfroin m&cifitL] Ten- 

oerly: mildly: with pity. AtterBury, 

ME'RCIFULNESS./. [from nurcifii] Ten- 

dernefs ; wiUingneJs to fp^re. HamntonJ* 
ME'RCILESS. a, [from werey.^ Void of 

mercy 5 pitilefs^ hard hearted. 

. Sbik^peart: bhbdk^ 
ME'RCi;.ESSLY. ad, [from merci/efs,] In a 

• manner vbid of pity. 

. MEa9ILESSNES$. /, [from mercilefs.J 

-Want of pity, 
MERCU'RIAL. a, Tmtturialts, Latin.] 
I. Forflketi under the inftuence df Mercu- 
ry 5 a£tive 5 fprightly, Bacon* 
' a. Confifting of quickfilvcr. 
MERCURIPICATION. /. [fiomm^rri^^.] 
The ad of mixing any thing with quickw 
filver. Boy/e, 
ME'RCURY. /. [rhercurws, Latin.] 

1. The chemiA's name for quic^filver is 
mercury, Hi/l, 

^, Spri^tly ^uailti^Sf Po^/* 

f, A 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

M E R 


3. A ncw« paper. 

4f It is now atpplied to the carriers of news. 

„ ' . Miller. 

I4£^icy. /* [mrci, Frtiich.] 

I. TeA4erners; goodnef«; pity; williiig- 
nefs to iave ; demeacy j nilflo^s ; anw 
-wiljingnefs to piuuihf JPfaims, 

a* Pardon. Dryden, 

3« Dilcretion \ pywer of a^ing^ at pleafore, 

ME'RCY-SEAT. /. Imrcy and>ff.J The 
coveriiig of the aric of the cavenajit, in 
which the tables of the law v(ere depqfited : 
it was of gold, and at its two ends were 
^xed the two chevubioUi of the faox me- 
tal 1 which with their wings extended for- 
wards, itemed to form a ^hrone. Exodu^, 

I^EKE. a, [tnerus, Latin.]. That or thit on- 
ly j fuch and nothuig cii^^ this only. 


MERE or w^* [me|ie« Saxon.] A pooi or 

. lake. Gl^S^n. 

iMERErt /f IiKe[^^> Saxon.] 

J* Apool^ commonly a large pool or lake. 


%, A boundary^ . B0CM. 

ME'RELY. tf</.{f|fomiwre.] Simply j only. 

MfeRETRl'CIOUS. a. [meretridut, Latin;] 

Whorifli i fuch u is pra£ii£;d (7 profii- 

tutes ; alluring by falle ftow. 
M^RETRrCIOCJSLY. ad. [from meretricU 

etu.1 Whoriihlfj after the maoo^ of 

MERETRI^CJOySNESS./. [from meretri" 

£ituiS\ Falfe allureinents like thofc of 

>!ERrDIAN./. FwrnViflt, Fxench.] 

I. Noon J mid-day. Dtydeit. 

9* The line drawn from Mrth to hn^f 

which the fun crofles,at noon, JVattt. 

3. Jhe particular place or fiate of any 
thing. Bale, 

4. The higheft point of glory, or power. . 


1. At the point of noona .. MStemm 

2. Extended from north to foutk. BcyUm 
, 3. Raifed to the higheft point. 

MERrOlONAl. «. [meridis^ French.] 

f. Southern. Brrtim, 

. %. Southerly ^ having a ibuthern aQ>e^« 

MERIDIONA'LITY. /, [from werWiww/.j 

P^fition in the (buih^ afpe^ towards the 

fourh* . 

.MERi DlONALLY. ad, (from merUionaJ.I 

With a fouthern iCpcSt, J^rowm, 

MEOIIT./. [flwr/Vwn, Latin.J. 

r. Defert ^ excellence deferving honour or 

reward. Dryden. 

a* Rcvfard deferred* Frhr* 

p Claim J nght, 1£>ryMi 

To ME'RIT. V. a. [wnttr, French.] 

1. Todefervej to hfayc fi. rifiht t» cljdji^ 
any thing as deferved. S9utb» 

2. To deferve ; to earn. Sbak^aft* 
MERITO'RIOUS. a. [nwri/ww, Fr, ^om 

merit. 1 Deierving of reward \ high m ^Sew 
fere. j?i/^ Sandgrfotim 

MERITO^RIOUSLY. eui. [from iwi^rjL 
«ttr.] In fixh a manner as to deferre re- 
ward. WoHon^ 

MERITQUIOUSKESS* /. [from fmrita^l^ 
oui,\ The ad or date of . deferviiii^ well. 

ME'RITOT./. [^/AoK, Ladn.] A Wnd of 

MA'RLIN./. A kind of hawk. Sidney. 
ME'RMAID. J. Imer, the fea» an4 Mtfi^.J 
. A iea woman. Pavieu 

ME'RMAID VTR0MPET. /. A kinit 4|f 

MEllRILY. ad. [from jn«rry ] Gdlyi 
, merrily 5 cheerfully j with anrth. 

AJB'RR^M AKE. /. Xmerry a^d. make. ] A 

feftival I a meeting tor mirth. Speafer* ' 
To ME'RR|MAK& «, «. To ^Mft 3 to be 

joviaU ly^f^ '' 

ME'B^RIMENT. r. [fromtieny.] Mirth j 

gaiety i cheetfulnefs \ laugh^r^ Boohr. ^ 
ME'RRINESS. /. [froiD aMrry.] Mirth; 

merry di^pofitioa* ^JbakeAc^e^ 

ME'RRY. a. 

J. Laoi^gj loodlj c^MOfii)! gaj of li 

%^ Caufii^giaoglitrr, ShaAe^umm 

%, Profpcrous. Drjdettm 

f^. To make MxaxY* 'Tojonket; tabe 
jovial. VEfirmtge^ 

MERRY- A'NDREW. /. A bufioon; « 
a^nyj aj/ick-pudding. VJElxam. 

ME'RRYTHOUGHT. /. [aar/y and 

s on the Dody of 


h or.] Belonging to 

> -a.] ITieaaof 

y. h. I think; it 


h fi#»;] That round 

td. ^^kutbnou 

It iejentinf[ue, Fr.J 

^. G^ym> 

1/ J The intorfticc 

tnthie threads of 

« jic[« Siaikwwe* 

To Mesh. v. ^. [from die aoun.] to 

catch in a net $ to enfnarr, 3raylem» 

ME'SHY. a. [from ••ir/t.] ftedo^ted } of 

net'Work, '''. Cartvf^ 

ME'SLIN. /. [for m/cdW.] ^MlHd corn i 

IS, wheat and rye* tieokeih 

Digitized by Google '" 



CMOS ftoae, bbck, with a llreak V white 

. . U ^ inid41c. 

liiSCrLOGARITHMS./. Ifxic^, %i^^, 
j^d^MfJdyi«#sJ The logarithms <ff the 
Cjofines and tafigents, fo denomioatcd by 

IIESPJI^AS. /. f/uftft^lXAc.] A preci- 

• .^ jfto'ae, 

Il^P^^fi./ f pwhaMy ntf fprlAtcd f'df wrjl 
ifi^i ***ffjf>^ F*".] Contempt j ftorfa.' 

M^Sl^/ r«»^ oM ftench.] A Jft j il 
. ^uamitjr of food fent to uble together. 

Decay o/P'utf, 
To MBS8. nf. th T»cat J to fec^ 
MI'SSAGE. /. [«#!t*i ^«'0 ^n ^^^ i 

aA^ tkiag coaamitled to another to be toM 

ti>«^ird* S(mtb, 0ty3en* 

IIE'^WOER;/., [•ij^Bgw, FieDch.r One 

«1& carries an errand ; one who brmgs ai) 

aocquot or ferttoktii of any. thing/ 

lf£9Sl'Alf. /.ifAbm^frHehtew.] The 

Anoiotftd; the Cbrift. ^^.^'z 

f$BSSrStf»S. /. [?». pittnl of monjuMr.Jl 

taiii Rentietten* 
iW%SMATB.f, (m^m4wiaee.J One who 

eitr at the fame uble. 
^|E^SaAG£. /. ' (meffuagium, low Latm.1 

Tpc kouHb a^l f^nd ict apart for hduiC 

h«ld ufef. 
ll£T« tbe'pfmiriteBna ^rt. of meet, 

WBTACRAIIMATISM*//. f^rl*^ and 

l^fi^MAtt. J Anagrammatirro. or mttf^rtfin. 

tmhfn, is a diilbkition of 4 name truly 

Wi&ten into its letters^ as itsekmtafts, An^ 

a new' comkxion «f it bv artlikial fnin(b&- 

.■ fitijBMiy aMjcingfome perreAfettfeap^icablf 

tk the perlbn liamed. • Gmdett. 

MBTjf BASIS. /. rCreek.] In rhetorick, 

a jjif^ by V'bkh t&e eraCoV pafles from one 

'' 4Sjag to another. Die, 

MSfA*TiOLA. /. [/MtlttCbM.J Iiim^ic^e, 

a^haage of time; airy of dHea!^/ 
i^TACA^RPOS. £ [^ictWa<^jirtef.TItiana. 
tomy, a bone of the arm made up bf ibur 
hsi^, whkh are 'joined to the n]Qgn* 


METACA^RPAL. a. (from metacarpus^] 

Bekmgipg to the metacarpus. iXa. 

UVTAUr. [metal, French.] ' , 

I. Metal n a Aitti) heary. and hard Aibs< 

^ce^Apalie^ fn^lebyftre, and concret- 

i^; *S)<* ^^ra col^ into a folid Body iuch 

. uk was befort, which is malleable under 

^"hammer. The metah are, fix in nam* 

^x f. gold} ft.filver} 3. copper} 4, 

tin ; 5. iron j and, 6. lead. 

4. Ctforage; ()Mrit. darenion. 

HETAWI^SIS./. [jiHtoi»/<c.] A coftti. 

: noatKto of a troipe In one word dn«ii|1i \ 

focceflion of fignifications. 
METAIXICAL. 7 a* f from meta}Um\ ttt.1 
META'LLICK. 5 Partaking of metal. 

containing metal : cooiilling of metal. 

METALLt^PCROUS. a, [inetofhm %si^ fe* 

rot Latfin/j Producing metals. 
MVTA'LLfHti a, [from ptetal.] 

I. Impregnated with metal. • Bae^. 

S. ^onfiftingof metal. Beale^ 

METALIST. /. XmetaViJk, Fr.] A worker 

In metals ; one milted in metah. Moxen, 
MfTALLOORAPHy. /. ' [mtaflum and 

ypeifeo,} An accouojt or defcriptipn oC 

• metalt. 

MET A'LLUROHT. /. [metatam and If^.] 

A worker in metals, . 
IfETAattlROy. /. [«effl/fawaitdl(W'i 

The art of workiSg metak, or feparating 

• them ftovn their, ore. , - . 
To MITAMO'IlPHOSE. v. a. [/ui7«A*«f- 

^.J To change the- form or (Hpe bfjfny 
thing. VTottimi 

METAMOmPHOH^. /. fj*t?-;»^U*^-] 
Transfoiteation ; change of fluipei 

^^^ Dry4e»» 

IIETAPfWR. / rjiAf7i/<j>«f/*.J The appli- 
cation of ammlTO'an ufe to which, in its 

• original import, it caoaot bf f uf r as, hf 
I ^HMes hhJAi^^ he deadens thefoandf; 

the fpring awakes tHc flowers. ' A wci*- 

|hor is4i "ftnile comprized in a word. 

' t^rtdejip 
MCTAPffQ^lCAl,: \ 'a. fmetfiph&rique, 
METAPHO'RICK. $ Fr.t Not trttral; 
' n6t act^AilAg to the ^rimtfif^' meaning of 

the word j figirative. Hooker, 

METAPHRA'SE. /. [/ua%(irK.] A mtre 
^ 'verbal tranfl^tioo fVoip one ian^i/age mtq 
"another. ' * * vHdeti, 

METAPHRA^. /. [/.xfl^smj.j A me- 

tal tranfTafOr; one who traiif!ati»t wotd for 

word from one language ipto another. 
METAPHr'SiCK. J** • 

f . Verfed in ji^taphy^cl^s |. testing tf 


a. In Sbakefpeare it meaas ftiperoatiiral or 

• pretei-natval. ' " 

METAPffY^lCK. r /. rmetapbtfifve^ 
METAPHY'SICKS. J ''^Fr.' ^iJ«^t».?.l 

Ontoio^ 5 the dcfftrine of the general af 
f^ions of fubflapceq exifting. Ckaveland* 

META^PHYSKf. /. fftiVfuVji^.] Tranf- 

' formation J m^amoq>hofis.~ 

ME'TAI^LASM. /. 0*/|«irX«:r^5?.] A ft- 
gore in rhetorick* wherein yords or letieit 
ate iranfpofcd contrary to their natnral or- 
der. Dia» 

MITA'STASIS./. (/♦fl/r««'^*'3 Trafiflatioh 

or removal, . ' . ^arvet* 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 


. IfBTATA^SAL. . «• {(torn mitatMtfit^J\ 
Belonging to the mctatarfus. Sharp, 

METATA'RSUS. /. [fAh^ tni yf^^^l 
TJbc middle of the foot, w^iicli is c«aipo(^ 
cd of fivf fmall boi^es coaoe^ed to thofe 
9? the firft part of the footi H^feman, 

M^TA'THKSIS. /. [^1a&i«y.] A tnsC^ 

To METE, y.a» [Mcfior, Lttin. j To^Wft-^ 

. fiirf I to reduce to meftfure. 

Holder, €reecb„ 

ME'TEWANP. 7 /. [iftete and yard, or 

JME'TEYARt). J w<w</.3, A ftaff of acer- 

tain length wherewith^ meifures are tikeiu 


To METEMPSYCHO'^fe. *^. ^r. (from*^- 
tmPfabofaJl To traaflalft from body to 

' bddy. " ^ Peacbt^, 

iThe traofmigratibn or tQMls'irom body to 
body, . ... ,. Brown* 

ME.'TEOR, /. [^ffl«pj Any bodies in the 

Nur ot fky that are of & Hu^ and tr^fitpry 
nature." .X>iMme» 

METEOROI^CGICAL, if* [ftom «««»», 

^ /<^.l Relatiijg to thq dodrinc of meteors. 


ilETEORO'LQGlST,/. £from metfi>rxAgpJ 
A man. /killed in meteors^ or ftudious.of 
them. Hottfel, 

METEORO'LOGY./. \4M4l$a>fm and Uyy,} 
The doftrine of rocteOrs, firown, 

METE'OROUS a. [from putm.J l^nng 
. the nature of a mettor. Milton, 

ME'TER. /i [from^ mefe.y ^ mMfuren 

METHE'GUN: f.'^ X^ddjg/yn, Welfli.] 
Drink nvule of Jioney ^oOed mtk water and 
fermented. Ihy4en, 

METill'NKS. vetVinyperionil. I think { 
it feems to me. r • Spenfer, 

ME'THOD./. [nutbode, Fr. /t*i.^ot0#.J The 
placing of f<sveral thingsi ^or^pcrfornung jfe* 

.^ , veral operations in then^oft convenient or- 
der. M^atts, 

MEtHCyOICAL. a* ^etbodj^tte, Fr. from 
metb$d.^ Ranged oj- proceeding in due or 

. juftordier.. Addijo/t, 

WETHO'DfCALLY. ad: {(toj^nmethpdicaL] 

. According to method and order* $MckIuig, 

To ME'THODISE. v. a, [from vutbod,] 
To regulaitf ; to difedfein order, uiddifnt^ 

ME'THODIST. /. (from mttb^d,} ^ 

I. A phyfician who praftifes by theory. 

[ 2. One of 'a new .kind of puritans Jatelf 
arifen, fo called fioio their, profeifion to 
live by rules and in conft^^t method, 

METHOtJGHT. Jhe prct. of mttbinks,^ 

METONY'MICAL. a. [from metonyny.'] 
Put by metonymy for fomething elfe. 

>«ETOHy'MICALLY. 4//* [hommetommi- 
caLl By metonymy J nht literally. JBcyle, 

IMETC^NYMY. /. lmtonmii,ft, fAiiMtH 


.:^m] , A rhetONcal^fi^re^ h]r vhith 

^ word if put Ipr another, a4 the mauer dot 

the materiate 5 be died byfteel, that U, hy ». 

A«ofd. TiIlotf0Mt 

MIITOPO'SCOPY. /; [/t*lT4iirw and ^m»^~ 

1a>.] The ftudy of phyfiognomy. 

ME'TRE./. [luiTpov.J Speech confiiied to 

a certain number- JMid barmonick difpolitio«( 

of fyllabtcs. Afcbam, 

MEfTRICAL. a, [metr'uus, Latin.] Pe*tC 

taining to metre or numbe#». 

METRO^POLIS. /. [fAnmfindmSxi^.JThe 

motV/ityj. tbe,^hief ci^ofa4yaHintffyi 

ordlftria. Addifin, 

»4EtRbPOtlTAK. /. tmetropo/itanus, 

Lat.J A bifhopofihemotherchurdhj a* 

archbiihop. Clartttdomt 

JdETRbPO'LITAW.. 4. BeJongiag ta a 

jmettppoli?, . Raleigh^ 

METROPOLI'TICAtVif. [ftotametrcpiorts.J 

, Chief or principal of cities* ■ KnoUesm, 

METTLEy JJ . Spirit J fpriteUneffrf odu- 

. rage. Clarendon^ 

M5'TTlfia?4. SprittlyscouMgcows. :.'. 

- • *" , S*»k J^bnf^n, 

ME^TTLESOME. «. ^fromaMrrik.] SpritfU 

ly; lively; gay; brifl<; ittry; Tatier, 

ME'TT^ESOMELY; 44 CfrQmaieftA^jn«.j 

With fpritclinefs. ... 

MEW. /. [mue, French.] 

! J. A cage ; an incloiure ; a place -vrhere 

any thing is confined. Fairfax, 

2. . [M^, Saxon . j , A lbar«€»vl* Car^/v^ 

To MEW. V. a, [from the notyi.] 

; |. Tp iiut ^p ; tor coniinei to irapriTon \ 

. toincipfe, Spenfer. 

%, To fhedt the ieathert. Haakon* 

" 3. To cry ag a catr Gmo, 

ToMEWL. V. n. £inrtf«^, French.] To 

/quail as a child. Sbahfpeare, 

MEZE'REON. /. A fpecies^f fpurge law- 

rcl. . ., . if/ff. 

MB'ZZCftimo, ^ fltalian.] A kin* t>^ 

graving, fo named as nearly refembHng 

faint, the word, itnporting half' painted 1 

It is idone by beating the whole into afpe- 

. rit^ with a hammer, and then mbbing % 

- down with a ftone. 

M^YNT. ad, Mingkd. Okfolele. Spffer, 

MI'ASM. /. [from fxtatrt, itiquinOf to in* 

fe£( J Such particles qt atoms >as are lupi- 

pofed to ariie fron) di^mpered, putrefying, 

or poiibnous bodies,. Marv^ 

JdlCE, the pjural of m^tifh . 

MICHA^ELMAS. f. [Mickdd and ^afs,] 

The feaft of the archangel Mkbael, cele^ 

hrated on the twenty-ni^ of September. 

.To MICHE, V, n. To bo fccrtt or cohered* 


MKQH^. /. [fromwVir.] A Jaay Initerer, 

who ikulks about ia corner) and by-plac<i; 

hedge- creeper. 'Sufney, 

3 MrCKLE. 

Digitized by VjOQQIC 

%H I'D 


|0'(^1^£;. a.^ [mKftl, Saxoft.] Much ; 
^eat; ,, Cambden, 

MlCl^OCO'SM../ {/u*«f©- andji^/c4^.] 
. T&e little world, Man is (b called. 

, . Dinbam. 

Ml'^ROGRAPHY./. [^i*^ and ypd^.] 

The defcriptioii of the. pa? ts of fuch very 

fouli ofcjeds as are diTcernable only vrith a 

. tniapfcopCm ' Grew, 

MX>CAOSCOPE. / lf*(*f^ and c-ao«ri^.] 

i^j) optick inflrument, ^contrived various 

ways to givfe to the eye a large appearance 

of many obje^s vrhlcn could not otherwife 

■ be /e?n» Bentley, 

MICRO'METER. /., [fttx^ and /ulr^w.] 

An inftrunlent contrivied to meaiure fmall 

' fpaces. 

MiCRdSCb'PICAL. t d. [ from »««/- 

MicRosciypicK: 5 copt.i 

t. Hade by a micrbfcope. Arbuthntth 
1. Aflifted by a microfcope, Tb(mfon^ 

3. Rei«flnbling a microfcope. Po/r, 

WID, a. 

1. Middle I equally between two extren^s# 

, 3: It IS Tnvch ufed in compeiition. 
MJD-COUR3E./. [mdzxAc9urie.\ Middle 

of the way. Milton* 

MlD-DAY, /. {md and <%. J Noon 5 me- 

ridian. Donne, 

Ml^ppEST. fupfcrl. Qiimd: S^nfer. 

MlfPOl'E. a, [niibble, Saxon.] 

i.Equally dlftant from the two extremes. 
Bacon, Rogiers, 

i, >|f)fermediate j intervening. Davits, 

3. Middle finger 5 the long finger. 

' . Sharp: 


i. hurt ^ually diftant from two extremis 

ti^f. 3Hf«r. 

2. The time that pafles, erevente that hap« 
p^ between the beginning and end. 

\ . Dryden, 

MtTOLE-AOED. a, [ndddle and age,} 

• E^Wed about the middle of life; Sw/t, 

Ml'DbLEMQSTjii; [from»i<tf/<.] Being 

in the middle. - \ Newton, 

MIDDLING, a, [from middicj 

t. Of middle rank. . VEfrangu 

a. Of moderate fize j taving mtidtfate 

?ualitie8 of any kind. Craunt, 

'DLAND. a, [wiVand/air*/.] 
1. That which is remote fwm the coaft, 
t* Id the mldft of the Un^ ^ meditcrra- 
♦i*aa. Dryden, 

MIDGE. / r»^'Xe, Saxon.] A gnat. 
MID-HEAVEN. /. [mid &n6 heaven.] The 
. middle of the flcy, ' Mikbn. 

MI'DtEG./. [wi^fand Ar^.] Middle bf the 
. ^?. Bdc«». 

MM>}40ST. 41. [from iwV. J The middle. 
- JPf^ 

MIDST./. Middle. ^ayfor. 

MIDST, a, [from middeft,] Midmpft; be- 
ing in the middle. Drydtn^ 

Ml^TRE'AM. /. [«/V/and jJrMW.] Mid- 
dle of the ftream. Dryden, 

MI^5UMMER./. Imidzndfu^iker.] The 
fummer folfttce. Swift, 

MVDW AY, f, [mid M^ way,] The part of 
the wsty equally diftant from the beginning 
and end. Shakefpedre, 

MI'DWAY. a. Middle between two places. 

Ml'DWAY. ad. In the middle of the paf- 
fage. Dryden^ 

MI'DWIfE. /. A woman who affifts wo- 
men in childbirth. ' ' Donne, 

MI'DWIFERY./. [Uom midwife,'] 
X. Aififtantfe given at childbivth. 
jit, A€t of produ^Honj hdp to produ£liQ|ip . 

3. Trade of a midwife. 
Ml'DWINTER. /. [«irfAndt4;/«/<r.1 Tht 

winter folftice. ' Dryden, 

MIEN;/^ [mine^ Fr.] Air : look 5 maAner. 

MIOHT. the preterite of fffay, Lotie, 

MIGHT./. [mi5ht, Saxon;] Power; 

ftrength ; force. ^ Ayttffc, 

MKOHTILY. ad. [from fHighty,] 

1, With greitpowerj powerfully 5 effica- 
ciotiHy ; forcibly. Jioeker% 
%, Vehemently ; vigoroufly $ vli^lently.* 

' ' ■ ■ - ' Sbakefpeare, 

3. In a great degree J very much* Sp'eSiator^ 

MrGHTINESS./. iiVom««/g*/y;] PoWcr; 
greatneis ; height of dignity, ^bah.fpeare, 

UVGWtY,d.[ifommigbr,] '' 

r. Powerful 5 -ilrong. Genefs, 

2, Excellent, or powerful in any 'a£l. Dryd, 
MI'GHTY. ad. In a great degree. Pri^k 
MIGRA'TION./ [migratio, Latin.] Aft of 

changing pUcd. ^oodwarSm 

UlLCHia,[kommiJk.] Giving milk. 

, Graunt, 
MILD. tf. [mite, Saxon] 

S. Kind; tender; good; inddlgent; mer- 
cifttlj companionate; not cruel. Rogers, 
a. Soft J gentle ; not vioi^nr; 'Popel 

3, Not icrid ^ not corrofiVe | not acrimo- 
juo<Ib# Arhutbnot, 

4.1 4. Not 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


M I t 

4. Not iharp ; mellow ; fwMt ; kt«ing,a* 
mixture of acidity. ^ Biavles, 

MI'LDEW./. [nuhaeafe, Saxon*] MAtw 
it a difeafe that happens in plants, by a 
dewy moifhire which falls^ and by its acn# 
moity corrcdefy gnaws, and fpoils, the in- 

, moft fubftance of t||e plant: or, mikkw it 
rather a concrete Aibftance, which exTodes 
thraiigh the pores af the leaves. What 
the gardeners commonly call mildew is an 
infeQ, which is frequently fbuod in great 
plenty^ preying upon this exfudation. 
Whenever a tree has been greatly affcded 
by this mildiW, it feldom recovers it to tvr« 
or three years. iW/. 

To MFLDE W. v. a. To taint with mildew. 


WFLDLY. ad, [from «/A/.] 

I. Tenderly; not feve rely, Dtjdem 

a^ Gently j not violently* Bacon, 

MILDNESS. /. £frora w/M] 

I, Gentlene6} tcndcrnefii mercy; cje- 
lacncy. ^ MUfon, 

%, Contrariety to acrimony. 

MltB. /. [w //r paJJ'us, Latin.] The ufual 
jneafure of roa^ in England , ooo thooiaad 
Icveo hundred and fixty yards^ 

^ Gkrendoif, 

Ml'LESTONE. /. [mile Vk^ fiotie.} Stone 
fet to mark tho miles, 

MI'LFOIL./ {mUUfoiium, L»t.] A pl^nt, 
the fame with yarrow, Dryden, 

MI'UARY. a, [mitium, Lat. millet.] Small ; 
refembling a millet iced. £heyne, 

MfLIARY ^ff^ A fever th«t ^^vim 
fmali erupt xon5. 

JiiP£/C£^ / [French.] Standing force. 


WI'LITANT. A [miRtaoi, Latin.] 

1, Rfhtini ; profecuting the hufqiefs of a 
ibldicr. ' Sfaafer, 
ft. Engageil ia warfare with -hell and the 
trorld. A term applied to the cburcl^ of 
Chrift on earth, as oppofcd to the chufch 
triumphtint* ^ogsrs, 

!• Bngaged ia the life of a foldier j foldier* 
Vy, H9<J(er. 

2. Suiting a foldier; pertaining to a fol* 
• dier; warKkc. Prior, 

3.. £fl%Oed by. fbldiers. Bacon, 

MILFfTlA. f, [Latin.] The trainbands j 

the Handing force of a nation. Qar^miotf, 
fAlhK.'f. [roeelc, Sax. J 

I.: Tl:^ liqqor with which anirrah feed 

their young from the breaft. 

fTifiman. Flijir, 

g^, EmulCoo made by contuiion of feeds» 

To MILK. V. ^ ["from the noun.] 

1. To draw milk from the breaft by the 

%, To feck. SldJ^IS^m^, 

MFLK$N. a, [from mi/k."} Conftfting of 

milk. T<rMfr. 

Ml'LKER. /, [from mi/k,} One that milks 

aaimals. Drydeu, 

Mi'LKiNESS./. [from f»^.] Sofoicf^likv 

that of nailk ; approaching io the aatuiff of 

milk. Fhter, 

mi'LKLIVERED. a. [mVk and /i,^.] 

Cowardly; tHnofoas ; faint^haattjed. ^ 


Mi'LKMAip. /. [milk and maid.] Wonan 

employed in the dairy. Add'tCon^ 

Ml'LKMAN. /* \m\lk and man,'] A laan 

who feils miUL» 
MFLKPAIL. >: [«iZ* and ^7.] Veflkl in- 
to which cows are milked. .JVatts^ 
MI'IJCPAN. f, imWk amt /«i.] Veifcl ia 

which miHc is kept in the dairy, Bat99L, , 
MIUa>0/TTAGE. /. [milk and fmtage,'] 

Food matle by boiliag milk with water and 
• oatmeal. Ltcke, 

Ml'LKSCORE./. \milk2.TA fcore,"] Accoudt 

of Bulk owed tor| Icored 00 a board. . . 

MrLkSOP./. Imlk and ^.] A feft, mild, 

efiiminate» feeble - mmded man. « , 

Spei^er. ' 
UVLKTOOTH, f. [mHk and Uoth.l JUiStu | 

teeti> are thofe fmall teeth which come - 

forth before when a ibal is about thi«e - 

months #ld. Farrier*s Bi&^ 

MI'LKXmSTLE.y; [milk and thifile : pl^ts 

thjtt have a white juice are named milky.] 

An herb. • 

Ml'LKTREFOIL./. An herb. 
MiXKVETCH. /. A plant. 
Mi'LKWEED./. [milk and we<rf.] A pleat, 
MI'LKWHITE. a, {mHk and xvkite,] White 

as milk. ^ Dr^ien, 

MrLRWORT. /. [milk and wrf.] 

Aft/i(w9r/ is a bdl fliaped fiower. Milkr. 
MI'LK WOMAN. /. [wi/> and w.»M».] A 

womaa whole bnfinefs is to ferve families 

with milk. ^^$hnot, 

MlXiCY. a, [frommilh,l 

U Made of milk. 

%, Refembling milk* Arhuthn^U 

3. YieUingmilk, Btfcmnmoti* 

4. Soft ; gientle ;- leader ; timorous, 

MILKY.WAY./. [wiZ^andiwiy,] Th« 
galaxy* The milky -xv^ is a broad white 
path or track, encompaffing the whole 
heavens, and extending itfdf ia foaic 
places with a double path, but for the 
moft part with a fing^e one. It hath beet 
difcovered to confift of an inmaneiable 
quantity of /ixed ftars, di^reat ia fitoa- 
tioa and magnitude, from the confeftjt 
mixture of whofe light its whole coloi>r is 
iuppofed to be occafioned» The gali^' 
hih ufually been the region ii which new 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

M I L 

M I N 

iar^ have appeared j which have then be- 

M\LL,f, IfjivU,] An engine or fabrlck in 

whicn corn is ground to meal^ or any other 

' body u ^oumauted, .' , ^Jfft^* 

To MILL, ■ V, a, [frbm the ooim $ /.^vXiTr.] 

' I • To grind ; ' to oommkiHCe. 

, %, Tq beat wp thocoUte. 

- 3. To f^amp coin in the iplnts. AMJ^n. 

Mfil'LL-COG, y. The denticulations On the 

' circumference of wiieelSy by ^hlfh^ they 

lock into other wheels, MorJimr, 

linuPAM. /. [mill aad tlam,} the 

flioundy by which the water k kept up to 

raife it for iht mill. Mortimer, 

MH^L-HORSE. /. Horfe that turns A null. 

MUXMOtJNTAnirS. /. Ab herb. "^ 

MltL-TEETH. /. [mill aad teeth.] The 

grindeva. Arhutb^ot^ 

MJLVEKA'RIAN./. [ftommUlenariusy Lat.] 

One who expeQs the millennium. 
MJ^LLEN ARY. <. [mllenaire, Fr.] Confift- 
ing of a thoufand. Arhutkv^t, 

MrLLENlSt./. One that holda the miU 

mLL^'NNJUM. / [Utia.] A thoafaad 
yrarSj gcoer?!!/ taken ^or the thouCind 
. y€»is, during which^ according to an anci- 
ent tradition in the church, grouadcd on a 
doubtful text in the Apocalypfe, our blcHed 
Saviour Aali /eigo wkh the faithful 4ip- 
on earth after the refurra^tion. • Burtet, 
^ILLE^NNIAL, a, (from millennium^ Lat.] 

Pertjiifiing to the miUeaniuRi. 

Ml'LLEPEDES. /. [mlHe and fa, Latin.] 

Wood-lice^ A) called iirom their nuincrovt 

feet. Mortimer, 

Mi'LLER. / {fro» m'lU^I One who atteodf 

a m\\\, Brown, 

Mi'LLER. /. A fly. 

M}'LLER*S-THUMB,/. A fmall fiih found 

in brooks, called Ukewife a bulhead. 
TMILLE^SIMAL. a. . [miUeJIms, Latin.] 
' Tboufandth. tf^atts, 

IMI'LLET./ [miSuMj Latin.] 

1 . A plant. ^hutbnot, 
ft. A kind of fifli. Care%o, 

MKLLINER. /. One who fells ribands and 
. dreflci for women. TatUr, 

MI'LUON. fr [millUgne, Italian.] 

I* The number of a hundred myriads^ or 
. ten hundred thoufand. ShakeJjpeMre. 

2, A proverbial name for any va> great 
^ aumber. Locke, 
"MPLLIONTH. tf. [from Wi/i««.] Thot>;n 

hundred thoufandth. Benfley, 

Ml'LLSTONE. /. {mill and >»<.] The 

il«ae by which Corn is comminuted. 

MILT. /. [mildt, Dutch.] 

h The fpenn of the male fi/h.. Waton^ 

%, [Milt, Saxon.] Thefpleen. 
To MILT. V. s. [from the noun.] To im- 

pregnate the tot or fpawn of the female 

tifh. - ^ 

Ml'LTER. r. [fromw/Zf.] The he of any 

fifh, the fte being called fpawner. fVahomt 
to^LTWORT./. An herb. 
MIME. /. [^T|«^.] A buffoon who prao* 
. tiles gefticuhtiofiSi either reprefenutive of 

fome aclioO| or merely contrived to raife 

mirth. Ben, Johnjon. 

To MIME, V. n. To pky the mime. 

Ben, Jobnfotim 
MI'MER. /. [from nCwe,^ A mimick j a 
. bu^on. MiluM, 

MIMICAL, a, [mimicu$, Latin.] Imfta* 

tive $ befitting a mimick 5 a^ipg the mi* 

mick. Dry^en* 

Ml'MICALLY, ad, [from mimicaL} lo 

imitation ; in a mimical manner. 
Mr MICK./, [mimicus, Latin.] 

I. A ludicrous imitator $ a buffoon who 
'copies another's aft or manner. Prior, 

%. A mean or fervile imitator. 
MI'MICK. a, [mimlcuSf Latin.] Imitative. 

To MI'MICK. V, a, [from the noun.] To 
imitate as a buffoon | to ridicule by a bur* 
Jeiiftie imitation. Granvillem 

MI'MICKRV, /. from m'mkk,] Burlefque 
imitation. Ste^ator* 

MIMO'GRAPHER./. [»/;»« and ^f«f*'-] 
A writer of farces. 

MINA'CIOUS. a. [minax, Lat,] Full of 

MINA-'CITY./ [from wlnax, Lat.] Difpo- 
fition to ufe threats. 

MrNATGRY. a, Im'tnor, Latin.] Threat- 
cninsr. Bacon, 

To MINCE. V, a, [from m'tnifi,] 

I. To cut into very fmall parts. South, 
Z, To mention any thing fcrupulotidy, by 
a little at a time | to palliate. Wooekoardm 

To MINCE. V. n. 

1. To walk nicely by ihort l^^ps. P«/#« 

2. To fpeak fmall and imperfeftly. 

, Dry den, 
MrNGINOLY . ad, [from «/W.] In fmall 
parts 5 not fully. Hooker* 

MIND./ (jemin'o, Saxon.] 

1. Intelligent power. Shakefpeare* 

2. Liking; choice^ inclination^ propen- 
fion ; affcftion. Hooker, 

3. Thoughts J fentiments. Dryden, 

4. Opinion. Grauvilk, 

5. Memory; remembrancy. Atterhury, 
"To MIND. 1/. a, [from the noun.] 

1. To mark ; to attend. Rofcommon,. 

2. To put in mind ; to remind. 

To MIND. V, n. To incline ; to be difpofed* 

4 la MI'NDED* 

Digitize,d by VjOOQ IC 

M I N 

M I N 

MI'NDED. tf. [from «iW.] Difpofcd; in- 
clined} affeacd. til/offon. 

MI'NDFUL. a. [mind inAfu/l. ] Attentive 5 
having memory, Hammond, 

MI'NDFULLY. ad. [from mindful,] Atten- 

Ml'NDFULNESS. /. [from mindful.] At- 
tention; regard. ' 

MJ'NDLESS. tf. [ftQtn mind.} 

I. Inattentive; r^gardlels. Prior, 

a. Not endued with a mfnd i having no in- 
tellc6lua1 powers, Davies, 

MIND-STRICKEN. a. [mind and ftrUfken.] 

' Moved ; afTe^ted in his mind. , Sidn^, 

MINE, pronoun pofTeflivc. [linyn. Sax] Be- 
longing to me. Dryden, 

fAWE. J, [rnwyn or mvm, Wclfh.] 

J, A place or cavern 'in the earth which 
contains metals or mineraJs. Boylet 

a. A cavern dug undbr any fortification 
that it may (ink for want of ftipport, or, 
. in modern war, that jJowder may be lodg- 
ed in it, which being firc3, whatever is 
over it may be blown up. Afihon, 

To .MINE. V. n. [from the noun.l To dig 
mines "or borrows. fVoodvoard, 

To MINE. 1/. a. To fap ; to ruin by mines j 
to dcftroy by flow degrees'; Sbakefptare, 

JMl^NER./. [mineur, French.] 

' ' X. One tbqt digs for metals. Dryden, 

*. One who makes military mines, 'fatter, 

Mt'NERAL./. [mineral, Lat.J Fofliie body; 
matter dug but of mines, IVoodtvard, 

Mi'NERAL. a, Confifting of foflilfc bodies, 

MI'NERALIST. /. [from mineral,] One 
/killed or employed in 'minerals. BoyU, 

MINERA'LOGIST. /. [from mineral an4 
A^>0^] One who diicou'rfes on minerals* 
" Brown, 

MINERAaOGY. / [from mineral arid 
^^yoc] ' The dortrine of minerals. 

MINE'VER./. A fkin withfpecks of white. 

Tb MI'NGLE. v. «. To mix j to join j to 
compound; to unite with fomething fo as 
to make one mafs. Rogers. Tbomfon, 

To MKNGLE. tf, m. To be mixed ^ td be 
united with, Rcnoe. 

MI NGLE. /.' ffrom the verb.] Mixture; 
medley; confufed mafs. Dryden, 

MI'NGLER. /. ' [from mingle,] He who 

MI'NIA TURE./. [ffiiniafure, Fr.] Repre- 

• " fentation in a fmall compafs ; reprefehta- 

tion Jefs than" the reality. Philips, 

fAVSlKm, a. Small diminutive. 

'■ Shakefbeare, 

MINIKIN. /. A fmall fort of pins. 

Ml'NlM. /. [froni minimus^ Lat,] A fmall 
beine:;'a dwarf. Mtiton, 

Ml'NIMUS. f. [Latin.] A being of the 
Icaftfiie. SBakef^eare, 

MIfNION./. {mipiony French.] A fayburltc | 
' a darling; a low 'dependant, Swifti 

MfNIOUS. a, [from minium, Latin.] 0£ 
' the coioui' of red lead or Wrmilion* 


toUVtaiSa, v,a, [from diminijb,] To 

• leilen'5 to lop ; to impair, " P/almst 

MINISTER; /. Iminijler^ Ulin.-] ^^ 

X. An agent; one who is employed to any 

^nd;' one who afts under another. ' ' ■ . 


- «. One who is employed in the a^miniftra- 

tion oiP government. Bacotu 

3. One who Cerves at the altar ; one who 
[Performs iacerdotal fiindions. ' Addifon, 

4. A delegate ; an ofiioial. ShakeCftearem 

5. An agent from a foreign power.* 

To MINISTER. -«<. a, Utinifinf^Uxm,] To 
give ; to fupply ; to afford, Otwav, 

To Ml'NISTER. v. n. *• ' " * 

X, To attend ; to fprve in %ny office. 

I Car, 
a. To give medicintfs. SbaMpeara 

3. To give fupplies'of things ntedful ; td 
give afliftancc. South, Smalridge„ 

4. To attend on the fervite of God. 

MINISTERIAL, a. [from miniffer,] 
' X. Attehdant; a^ing at command, 


2. ^ftin^ under fuperior authority. 

' ' Rogers, 

^. Sacerdotal; belonging to theeccldSaf. 
ticks or their ofHce. BooJkei^, 

4, Pertaining to miniiters of ilate. ^ 

Ml'NISTERY./. [minifteriuf,tzu} Office; 
fervice. ' ' * .' ' J^'gby', 

MFNISTRAL. a, [from mimfier.] Pertain-* 

' ing io a minifter. 

MI'NISTRANT. tf. [from minifter,] At- 
tendant ; a£ting at command* Pope^ 

MINISTRA'flON./. [homminipo, Lat.] 

' I, Agency; intervention ; ofecc of an 

, agent delegated or commiflioned. Toy/or, 

%, Service^ office; icclefiafHcal funftioif. 

^ • Atterburym 

mmJM,J, [Latin. J Melt lead in a bro3l 
earthed veflel unglazed, and ftii' it till it be 
calcined info a grey powder ; this is call^ 
the calx of lead; 'continue the fire, ftirring 
h in the fame manner, and it becomes yel- 
low; in this ftate it is ufed in painting; 
after this put it into a reverberatory fur* 
nace, and it will calcine further, and 'be- 
come of a fine'red,^ which '\i the common 
minium or red lead. Bilt, 

MI'NISTRy./. [hinijierium, Latin.] ^ 

" i. Office; fervice. * Sfrait, 

'2. Office of one fet apart to preach ; e^- 
clefiaftical funftion, lAcke, 

3. Agency; interpoiition* BentUj, 

4. Bufinefii. • ' Prydek. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

, 5*. Ferfons e^f\oyc4 in the pabUck atSisn 

of a ftate. Swift, 

JWl'NNOW. fi Awtry li?wU fifli ^ a pink i 

The minniw, when he is in pcffcft (eaibn, 
' and not £ck, w^ich 4s only prefently after 

fpzwning, Jiath a kind of dappled or wayed 
. colour, Jike a panther^ on his £des, inclin* 
' ing to a greenish and iky colour, his belly 
. bdng ^iik*white, and his back almoft 
• Wack. H^alMt. 

^AOJf. tf. [Latin.] 
' I. Petty; inconfiderable. Srofon* 

2. Lefs -y iimaller* . ' Ckrendon^ 

fSVUOK.f. . ' . 

X. One under age^ ' ' ' Davieu 

2. The fecond -ft p^cula; pppofition in 
- flie fyllogiflnf ' Arbuihnot. 

To MraOR ATE. v.'tf. [from minor, Lat.] 
** To leffeiK . jpiaimUk. 

MIKORA^TIOK. /. ffrom mmorate.l The 

ad of leiTening ; diminution. Brow/t, 

MINO'RITY. /. [from minor, Latin.] 

1. T|)9 ^ate vf being ^nder age. 


2. The date of being )efa, Browr^^ 

3. The fmaller number/ 
MI'NOTAU?../. f^woi and /tf»r»i, Lat.] J^ 
' monfter f n vented ^by t^e poets, half man 

and half bull. Shake^fteare, 

Ml' fniinprejie, Saxon.] A mo- 
naftery ; ah ecdefia^ical fraternity ; a ca- 
thedral church. Th^ wor^ is yet ie(aipcd 
at York anil Litchfield. 
Jti'NSTREL. /. [mene^ril, Spaniib.] A 
muiician ; one Who plays upon in^ruments. 

MTOSTRELSEY. /. [from mtnfireL^ 
i« Mufick I inftrumental harmony. 
' ' ^ Dattiesm 

2. A number of mu(icians. Mitton^ 

MINT./, [mmte, Saxoii.J A plant. ' 

Mint./, fwn/tf, Dutch.] 

' 2. The place whete money is coined. 

■ * ' jiddifon, 

1. Any pjace Qf invention, Sbakefpeare, 

To MINT. «. tf.Xfrom the noun.'] 
I. To coin ^ to ftamp money. Bacoiu 

4. To invent; to forge. Bacon, 

WNTAGE./. [tromwi«/.] 

1. That Wh|ch is coined bf ftamped. 

, JitTihon* 

^« The duty paid for cof nirtg. 
M^'NT^R. J, Jfiom »/»/.] goincr. 

A'I'NTMAN./. [n^ntzn^man.l One Help- 
ed in coinage. Bacon^ 

Ml'NTMASTER. /. [mint and majler.] 
I* One who prefides in coinage. Boyle^ 

2. Qne who invents. Lode, 
Ml'NUET. /: [«^»«^/, Fr.] A Aatcly re- 
. Pil*r danc6« - Stepney. 

u [With ptipt^. j A fmail fbrt cfftkt^ 

ing letter. 

a. [With muiicians.] A npte of Dow time, 

^IINU'TE. a. fminutuSf^t,] Small j little j 
(lender ; fmall Vn bulk. ' South. 

MrNlTTE. /. [minutumy Latti).] 

2, The iuctieth part of an hour. 

Z, Any fmall fpace of time. Soj^Jk, 

3. The firft draught of any agreeiQpnt in 

To^PNUTE. V. a, [mimter, French.] To 
fet down in fhort hiqts« Sp*£iatpr» 

MTOUTE-BOOK. /. . \minute and iooL^ 
Book of (hort hints. 

MINUTE-GLASS. /. [minute and glaft.1 
Glafs of which the Uad meafures a minute. 

MINU'TELV. ad. [from mnute,] To 41 
fmall point ; exadmr. Xpf^. 

MI'NUTELY. ad, [from mtnutey the iiib. 
itantive.] Every pinute; with very little 

, ]time intervening. HammondU 

MINU'TENESS.J. [from«;W/r.] Smail- 
nefs; exility; ineonfiderablenels. Bemiif. 

Ml'NUtE-WATCH. /. A watch in wfai£ 
minutes are more diftin^Uy marked tha# 
in common watches which reckon by the 
hour. £oyh» 

MIN^. yi A ypun j^ pert, wanton girl. . 

MI'RACLE./. [miraathmy Latin.] 

r. A wonder; fomethifig above human 
power. ^ < Sbake^are. 

%., [In theology.] An eSeft above hujpaa 
or natural power, performed in attef^atiom 
of fomc truth, - ' Benthy^ 

MIRa'CULOUS. rf. [mraculeuXyTx, from 
miracU,'\ Done by miracle ; produced bgr 
miracle ; effected by power more than Jik>m 
tural. herbertf, 

MIRA'CULOUSLY. ad. [itom miraculous.} 

By miracle ; by power above that of nature. 


MIR A'CULOUSNESS^/. [from miraculous.} 
The ftate of being efFe^ed by miracle ; fu. 
periority to natural power. 

MI^ADCyR, /. [Spanifh, from mirar, t^ 
look.] A balcony. DrydctU 

MIRE./. [«w, Dutch.] Mud; dirt. i?^. 

1^0 MIR^. V. a, [from the noun.] T« 
wheJm in the mua. Sbakefpeake^ 

MIRE./. [my;ia. Sax.] Ap ant; a pif- 

MI'RINESS./. [fromjw/ryjDirtlncfs; fuU- 
ncfs of mire. 

MFRKSOME. a. Dark ; obfcure. SjHsnfer. 

JiirRROR./. [miroiry French.] 
* I. A looking.glafs } any thing which ex- 
hibits reprefenutions of obje£ls by reflec* 
tion. Da'vies^ 

%. It is ufcd for pattern. Hooker* 

• * MI'RROR- 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

M 1 S 


MI>RROR-STONC./ [fiknltts, Latin.]' A 

kind of tranfparent fton«, 
WIRTH./. [irffihte, Saxon.] Mcrriflieht j 

joHity} gaiety 5 laughter. PoJte, 

UIKTHFVL a.[mlrrbzndfuil.] MCixyj 

fty ; cheerfuir Ben* Jobr^aih 

Ml^RTHLESS. tf. [from mirth.} Joylcfs } 

cheerlefs. ' ' •' 

Ml'RY . #. [from m'tre} 

I* Deep in mud \ muddy. ^dn^le, 

' 9 Conf]ftfaig;Of mire. Sbakeffemre, 

MIS. ^n 'infeparab)e particle ufed In ccvppow 

• £don to mark an ill fenfe, or depravation 

• ^ the meaning; as, chance ^ luck; mif* 
\ rbance, HI liick*; to iih, to be plea&d j td 

mtjlike, to be pft'ended. 
^ISACCIPTAnriON. /. [mU and tfcf^/^^fl. 

#Im.] The aft of taking in a wrong feniie* 
MISADVB'NTURE. J". Imefaventure, Fr.j 

• I. Mlfchancej misfortune^ llUucki h^i 
' ^rttirie.' "Clarendon, 
' t. pn law.] Manflaukhter. 
MiSitoVE'NTURED. a. [from mtfaJvep. 

• tnrg,'] Unfortunate. Shakejheare, 
MISADVISED, a. [w/i and tf<fvf/WJ 111 
' direAed^ 

ftllSA^lMED. a. [mis and aim,} Not aimed 

rightly. Spenjcr. 

MrSANTHROPE. 7 /. fMiw^fflawoc] 
MISA'NTHROPOS; J a &ter of man- 
•' kind. Skakejpear^ 

MISA'NTHROPT. y: ffiom mf/anthro^e.] 
' Hatred of mankind. 
MISAPPLICATION, p ImJt and apptka" 

rfcff.] Application to a wrong purpoft. 

' ' Brown* 

To MISAPPLY', nu a. [mii aiid apply,] Tp 
'' apply to wrong purpofcs. HoiveL 

T«MISAPPREHE'ND. v. a. (mis and ap- 

prebend.] Not to underftind rightly. Locke, 
MfSAPPREHEWION. /. [mis znA appre^ 

benfion,] Miftake^ not tight apprehenfion. 


To MISA3CRI'BE. v. a. [mis and ajcrlbe,] 

: To afcrjbe falflr. ' Buyle. 

To MISASSl'GN. V. a, {mh and aJpgnA To 

aflign crroncoufly. ^«j»/(?. 

To MISBECCyMt. n), a, [mis and become.] 

Not to become ^ to be unfeemly i not tp 

fuit. Sidney, 

^ilSBEOO'T. 7 a, [begot or begotten, 

MISBEGOTTEN. J with mis,] Unlaw* 

fully or irregularly begotten. Dryden, 

ToMISBEHA'VE. v, n, [mis uii behavi,! 

To a£t ill or improperly. 
MISBEHA'VIOUR./, [mh and behaviour,] 

llleonduftj bad praftice. Jddifon. 

Ml^B^VZ?, f. [mis anA belief.] Falfere^ 

ligion ; a wrong belief. 
WiSBELrEVER./. [w/> and believer.] One 
- that holds a falfe iteligion, or believes 

wr'oBgly. Vrydtu$ 

To "MBCAlrCULATE. v. a, ^mU and fa/^ 
•. culate.] To reckon wrong, 
Tfi MISCA'L, v. a, [mis and m//.] To name 
' improperly. dlanvilm* 

MISCA'RRIAGE./. r«tf and carriage,}' 

I. Unhappy event of aj| undertaking. 


1. Abortion J aft 6f bringing forth before. 

the time. Cranntm 

ToMISCA'RRY. v. h. [ms and rorry.J 

J. To fail J not to have Uie intendedevent* 
' * , 4ddlron. 

' ^. To hate an abortion. i^*4w 

MJSCELLA'NE, /. [mifcfUaneus, X^ati?.} 

Mixed corn* ffa^on, 

MlSCELLA'NEOUiS. «: [m^aUanais^ J^t.] 

lifingled I compofed of various klnda. 


MISCELLA'NEOUSN^SS,./, fftom miJcgU 

lanoous.] Compp'fition of various kinds- 
MnCELLANY. J, Usijcelkneus, Latin-J 

MiMd of various kinds, . Bagon, 

MI'SCELL ANY, /. A mJfe formed out of 

various kinds. - B^pe^ 

To MISCA'ST. V. <i. [mis and cafi,\ To <^ke 
. a wrong account of. j^eom. 

MKCHA'NCE. /, [mh and chantt\ lU 

luck: ill fortune. S0mb. 

MrSCHIEF. /. [mejfhef^ old FremJi.J 

I. Harm ; hurt j wlutevtr is ill and ii^u* 
, riouflydone. . Rfft;^. 

"^1. Ill confequencej yexiitlous aifair. 

to MI'SCHIEF. w. fl. f frpm the noun, JTo 
hurt; to harm; to Injure. Spratt, 

MI'SCHIEFMAKER./. [hom mfehitf^nJ^ 
make,] One who caufes piifchief. 

MI'SCHIEVOUS. tf. [from mifcbief,] ^ ^ 
X. Harmful; hyrtful^ 4e(bru^iTei noxi- 
ous: pernicious, Souths 
a. "Spiteful ; malicious, 

MI'SCHIEVOUSLY. 4?</, Koxiouny; hurt- 
fully} wickedly. Drydenm 

MI'SCHIEVOUSNESS. /. [from m^cbie-v^ 
out,] Hurtfulnei^^ pcrnicioufnefs^ wi9k« 
ednefs. Soittbt 

MI'SCIBLE. a. [from m'Jceo, Latip.] Poffi- 
ble to be mingled, ^rbsobn^h 

MISCITATION./. [w/ianj cHationA Un- ' 
lair or falfe quotation. Copier, 

ToMlSClTE, V. a, [ww and ci«. J To 
quote wrong. 

MISCL A'IM. /. [mis and cfaim.] Miffaken 
claim. Bdcpf^ 

MISCONCE'IT. 7 /. [mis and tonceis, 

MISCONCETTION. J and conc^ptiof.} 
Falfe opinion ; wrong notion. ilo^er, 

MISCO'NDUCT. /. {mU ind condt^,^ lU 
behaviour; ill management. 

Add\f<m. Rogers. 

To MISCONDU'CT. v. a, [mis andrw<i»^J 
To mauage amifs« 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 



KISGOK^TRVCTIOK./. (mli m^ ctth^ 
Jkr9i^'tnn,\ Wfoog iat«rjM»tad«ii <if. w^rds 
«r thingn ShMkeJ^€ar^. 

To MiaCO^HSTHim. «» a. [«ttMd^». 
jf/wr.l To intcrpivt wfong* Ktkigh, 

MISCONTri^UANCE. /. (k/s to4 tmtmm^ 
4M(0.] Ce/7atiun5 intermiflion. 

MrsCR£ANCE. 7 / {ft«iB mrfermma, at 

Mi'SCREANCy. 5 mef^iam€,Fr.}Unhc'' 
Uef} faJic faiAi a&er6nce to a fUl^rtli- 
fiMl. Sf0^r. 

MISCREANT./, [mefcreant, French.] 
I. One that lioUs » Mfe fkldi; efte who 
folieves in faUc s^« B»»ktr» 

9. A vSe wretch. AMon, 

MISCR£A<^T£. 7 if. [irii and cretmH 

MISCREA^TBD. I Formed unmtwrally or 

. iUcgitimately { oM* at ^ a Uasder of 

. nfttuf*. ShMjbeare. 

»&SD£'£D. /. £«ii aii4 <W.j ETUaOioii. 


To MISDE'BM* 4. «. [4im aaJ i^b. J T6 
jnijgit iU of J to miftakfl, Damts. 

Ta MISDEME^AN^ v, a, [mh and deman.} 
To bdiave iU, Uakifptare, 

|flSDEMEA>NOR, /. [mU and i/«»w«.] 
Q§bitkOt\ ill behaviour. S^t4h» 

To MlSDCy. V. a. Imh and Jo,} To do 
WfOiiii to commit a «rii3ie. Aftiroii. 

To MISDO'. V. ». To commit faults. 

MISOO'ER. /. [from mifJt.} An oflfender,- 
a criaaMMK ^enfer. 

To MISDO'UBT. v. <?. [«« and doubt,} To 
Aifbe^ of deceit or da^^. Sifsktfpogre^ 
MISDO'UBT. /. [mis and douk.} 
. ri. Sufpicion of crime or dan{)er. ShaMtfp, 
2. Irrefolution ; hefitation. SMi^eart, 
AfiSar, /. [Fr^chO Iflue. i.awtertn« 
To MISEMPLOY. 'C'. <i. [mf^andMr/i^.] 
To ufe to wrong ^mpG&s. Attirhifty 

MISEMPLO'YMENT. fi [»i$ and imfdoy^ 
, mat.} Improper application. Jia/e, 

|«'S*R. /. [mi/en, Latin.] 
. I, A WfCtcbedperfon; one oTCrwfaelaied 
with calamity. Sidtty, 

2. A wretch ; a mean fellow. Shakt^ctre, 
3»'A wretch covetoiM to extremity. 

taFSERABLE. a. [miferabk^ French.] 
2« Unhappy; cai^itouaj wretched* 

2. Wntchsd{ wcHthJef*. . ^^ 

. \> Culpably pariiinoaious ; Kingy. \ 
WSERABLENESS./. [komi^AbU.} 

Stite ei misery. 
Ml'SERABLY. ad, [from mkftrahk.} 
t.^Uaha^pily) talamkoufty. S^u^ 

a. Wretchedhrf fliieaidy. &idaey. 

MJHSBRY. /. [jm/m«f, Ulan.} 
!• Wretchedne^ j xmhappinefs. Locte* 
%% Calamity j mi^fortuac y aufc of mifery. 
- . Sbakejftari^ 

%i [From mkjit,} Covetoufiieftj a?trice. 

To MISFA'SiifOI<r. «. «. [ms iokAMhhn.} 

To form wrong. ' ' HakewiiU 

MISFO'RTirNE,/ [mis znAfirtttne.} Ca- 
lamity | ill luck { ivant of g«ed fertvne. 

ToMISCI'VE. ^.4r. fw/iand^.] f^ 
iili wiih doubt } to dfpmt of ceniMenre. 

MISGO'VERNMENT. / [f./«an<i^»«;^«- 

1. Uladmlniftratioiiofpublickaftjiirs. 


2. Ill maoafMitflt. . . Tayhrm 
. 5« Irrcgalarity 5 inordinate behaviour. 

MISGUI'DANCE. /. [mis tMdgmZn^i.} 

Falfe direi^Hon* So9ti>* 

To MISGUIODE. V. a. [wii and ^»i4f. J To 

direft ill j m kfod tira wrong way. Locke^ 
MISHA'P./. [hWj and W/.] Ill chance; iU 

hick. Spenferm 

MI'SHMASH./. ^/«/: AlowwonU A 

To MISINFE'R. «. «. [««', and in^r.] To 
' infer wrong. H<mker^ 

To MISINFORM. «. *. [ii»?5 and Inform,} 

To deeeivc by (alfe acceonts. st illir. 

MISINFORMA'TION. /; [frw nafihfom,} 
. Falie SAteUigencei wfe accounts. 


To MISINTE'RPRIT. <r. a. [mit and i/tl 

terfret,} To eaplaiA to a wrong ftnk. 

Ben. Jcbrfonm 
To MISJOTO. t>. <i. [jwVttidyWu.] To join 

unfitly or improperly. Dry den. 

To MISIU'DCE. <^ *, [j»»«aftd>/^.] To 

£»nn »lie opinions $ to judge ill. iV^« 
To MISLA'Y. n>, a, \ms and ^j.] To My 

in a wrong place. Dryden» 

MISLA^ER. /. [fro»7ff^/,] One that 

puts in the wrong place. Saeon, 

To MISLE'AD. •». ii. [«« and lead,} To 

guide a wrong way; to betray to mifchief 

or miftake. Bacon „ 

MiSLE^ADER. /. [from rnifiuid.} One tiiat 

leads to ill. < !^ha1tejinare* 

To MiSLFKE^v. tf. [mU and //il#.] To dif- 

approve ; to be not pleafed with', Heriert* 
MISU'KE, /. [from the verb.] Difappro. 

bationf diOaAe. Fair/^s^ 

MISU'KER. /. [from mijlike.} One that; 
^ difapi^rolves. AJcbatrf^ 

m^SLEN. /. [corrupted from mifieilane,} 

Miaed corn. h^rtimef» 

To MFSLIVE. V. «. [«« and M>ve.} To 

live ill. ' Sfenfer, 

To MISMA'NAGE^w. «. [Mf< and Maff^^.J 

To masjageifl. Locke. 

MI&MA^NAGEMENT./. [wi* and iwfl*f ^- 

«*/»;.][ Ill management j ill conduft. 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

M I S 

T« MISMATCH. V. b. [mis and mdteh,] To 

match unfuitabiy. Southern, 

To MISNA'ME* v. a. [mis and name.] To 

call by the wrong name. Boyle, 

MJSNO'MER. /. [French.] In law, an in- 
didhnent or any other ait vacated by a 
wrong name* 

To MISOBSE'RYE. v. a, [mis and o^^rve;] 
Not to obferve accurately. Locke, 

lilSCVGAMIST. /. [/uici? and ya^e*. J A 
marriage hater, • 

MISO'CVNy. /. [fAKTw and yvw,] Hatred 
of women r 

ToMiSO'RDER. v. a, [««and order.] To 
conduit ill ^ to manage irregularly. 


MISCyRDER. /. [from the verb.] Irregu- 
larhy y diibrd^rly proceedings. QuadeM, 

3liJS0'BS>ERhY. a. [from mi/order,} Irre- 
gulare ^ Afcbam, 

To MISPE'ND. V. a. preterite and part, 
paflive mijpent. [mis tkndfpead,] 
x* T^o fpend ill j to wafte j to confume to 
no purpofe* Sen* Johnfon, 

a> To wafte, with the redprocal pronoun. 

IMISPE'NDER./. [fromwijj&W.] One who 
fpends ill or prodigally. Nerris, 

BfiSPERSUA'SION./. [misMdf>erfuafion.J 
Wrong iiotion^ falfe opinion. 

Dec^y 0/ Piety, 

To MISPLA'CE. V. <r. [otm and />Avtf.] To 
put in a wr«ng place. South, 

To MISPRl'SE. V. a^ 

jr To miftakc. Shakefpeare, 

Sr To flight J tofcom; to defpife. 


MISPRreiON. /. [from mijprije.] 

J. Scorn $ contempt. Shakefpeare, 

%, Miilake ; mifconception. Glanville, 
^ [In common law.] It fignifiet negle^ 
BcgligencCy or overfight, Mifprifion of 
treafon is the concealment, or not difdof- 
ing, of known treafon^. for the which the 
eft'enders are to fuifer impriibnment during 
the king's pleafure, lofe their goods and the 
profits of their kndt. Mifpnfion of felony, 
is the letting any perfon, committed for 

. treafon or /elony, or fufpicion of either, to 
%f> before he be indicted. Cvtvel, 

To MiSPROPCyRTiON, v. a, [mis and 
proportion,] To join without due propor- 

' tionr .... 

MISPRO'UD. tf. [mis znA proud,] Vitioufljr 
proud. Shakefpeare, 

To MISQUOTE, v, a, [mis and quote,] To 
quote fa^. Shakefpeare, 

. To MJSRECrTE.* v. a. [mix and recite,] 
To re die not according tO ^e truth. 

To MISRE'CKON, ^',a, [mrandm^ou,] 
To recken wrong ^ to eomputc wrong. 

3 _ Swift, 


• [mis and reiaie,^ 
r falflyr Bo^e, 

ToMI^<LAt£. «b« a. 
To relate inaccurately or f 

MISRELA^IOM./. [ftommffrefUte,] Palfc 
or inaccurate narrative. Bijhop Sramhal/J 

To MISREME^MBER. v. a, [mi* and re- 
member,] To miitake by trufting to me- 
mory. Beyle, 

To MISREPO^RT. 4r. a. [this and report,'^ 
To give a fiilfe account of. Hooker; 

MXSREPO'RT. /. [from the verb.] Falfe 

. account J falfe and malicious reprefenta* 
0on. Denbaffii 

T6 MISRJH>RESE'NT. <r. a. [mis and re. 

. prefent,] To prefent not as it is ; tofal^ 
to diiadvantag^. Swift, 

MlSREPRESENtA^TlOij./. [from msfn^ 

1. The a£t of mifre^refentin^. Swift, 

2. Account malicioufly falfe. Atteirbmym 
MISRU^LE./; Tiimuki confufion^ revefi 


MISS. /. [contraaed from mijirefs.] 
I. The term of honour to a young girl. 


ft. A ftrumpet; a concubine; a proftitute. 


To MISS. V. a, [mifjen, Dutch.] Miffed pre- 

ter. mifi part. 

X. Not to hit by the mfind ; tOmifhrice* 

%, Not to hit by manual aim. Pope* 

3. To fail of obtaining. Sidney, 

4. To difeover fomething to be unexpeS- 
cdly wanting. i Sami 

. 5. To be without. Shakefpeare, 

6. To omit. Priori 

7. To percehre want of< South, 
To MISS. V, n, 

• X. To fly wide 5 not to hit. Walleri 

ft^ Nottofucceed. Bac9n,\ 

3. To fail J to miftake. 
4« To be loft \ to be wanting. 

Sbak^feare, t Sam,. Milton, 

5. To mifcarry 5 to fail* • Mihom 
%, To fail to obtain, learn ^ or find. Atterb, 

MISS. /. [from the verb.] 

X. Lofs; want. 

ft. Miflakej error. Afchetm, 

Ml'SSAL./. [mijfale, Lat. miffel, French. J 

The mafs book. StUtingfleett 

To MISS A' Y. V. n, [mis and/jy.] To fay 
. illorwiong. HakewiU, 

To MISSE'EM. V. ». [nr/jand/erow.] 

X. To make falfe appearance. Spenfer, 

'%, Tomifbecome. Spenfer, 

To MISSE^RVE. 1;. tf. [mis 9^6 ferve.] To 

ferve unfaithfully. Arbuthnotk 

To MISSHA'PE. V. a, part, misfhaped and 

misfloapen. [mis^ %nd fhapi.} TofliapeiUi 

to form ill 5 to d«furm. * Bentby, 

MrsSlLE. a, [mijilii, Latin.] Thrown by 

the hand : ftrikiog at diitaqc?. P#e. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

^ IS 

M I S 

I. Commiflioo ; tiie fbte •£ beiag feat by 
liipreme authority. Mi/tom, jitterburj, 
%, PerfoJM fent oa Any" siccounc. Bofsn* 

3. DifdiUiion; difchargc Bacow, 

4. Fa€iiofl; party. Not in Qfe. Sbak^p, 
Afl'SSION-ARV.? /^ ImJionaiM, Frcoch.] 
iAlfSSlQNEK, 5 OneTe^t to propagate 

MySSlVE. a, Im^pve^ French.] 

I. Stidi as may be feaU >^^. , 

«. Ufed at diftance. Dryden, 

iaPSSIFE. f. (French.] 
I. A letter ient : It is cetained in Scotland 
inthatteAfe. ' " Bac^. 

a. A mcflengcr* ^haktjpeare* 

MISSPE'AK. V. A [«i2* tJMl ffcak.] To 
Tpeak wrong. '' Dtine, 

MIST. /. [in»pc, Saxon.] 
I. A low thin cloud j a imall thin rain not 
perceived in^fops. Rofcommitu 

s. Any thing that dims pr darkens. 

To MIST. v./z. [from the nrtun.] To cloud 5 
to cover with a vapour or fteam.. Staki(jf>» 
idlSTA'KABLE. ^. [from miftakt,] U«blc 
to be conceived wrong. Brown, 

To Ml&TA'KE. V, a. [mis zM take,] To 
conceive wrongs to take foroethtng for that, 
which it is not. ^tdlingftet. 

To MISTA'KE. V. tu To err 5 not to judge 
riglit. Relei^k» , 

MlSl' A'£N. p«lt. asd part. pafT. of nitftake, 
for mifiaktn. Shdkejptare. < 

TcitfMiSTA'KEN^ To err.. fValUr, 

MISTA'KE./. [from the verb.] Mifconcep.. • 

tion 5 cVrour; ." TiUotfoti, 

MlSTA'KJNGLY. ad» (from mifiaking,] 

Errohe;ouily 5 falfly. , B(yle, 

* ToMISTA'TE* i\a. [mis znd fiate.'] To 

ftatc wrong. ' * Btp9p Sanderfon, 

To MiSTE'ACH. v. #. [mis and teacb^'l^o 

teach wrong. £tft>op Sander Jon, 

To MISTB'MPER. w*^ ^. [m'n and temper.] 

To temper iU. Shakefpeare, 

iW' [from iwg^i^r,, trade, French.] 

What snifter^ what ^im/. ^p€rjer. 

To MlSTE'RM.'v. tf. [rklstndurm.] To 

term erro neou (ly . Shakefp care.. 

To MISTHI^K. V. a, [mis and /^i«/t.] To 

think ill ; to think wrong. Milton, 

To MlSTl'ME. via. [mis and tUne.'\ Not 

to time right j aot to adapt properly with 

.regard to time. 

ftil'STINESS. /. [fromiBJ^.] Cloudinefsj 

Aate of being overcaft. Bacon. 

Xil'STION. /. [from mifius, Latin.] The 

ftatc of being mingled. 
MISTLETOE. /. [my. tletan. Sax, wr/lclf 
Dahiih, birdlime, and ran, a twig.] A phmr. 
This plant is always produced from feed, 
and is Aot to be cultivated in the earth, aa 
moft other plants,, but will always grow 
Vol.. II, 

upon trees j from whence the anclentt a€« 
counted it a fnper-plant, who ihmight it to 
be an excrefcencc on the tree without the 
iced being previoufly lodged there, which 
opinion is now generally confuted* The 
mijietoe thrHib, which feeds upon the berries 
of this plant in winter when it is ripe, doth 
open the feed irom tree to tree j for the 
vifcous part of the berry, which immedi- 
afely furrounds the feed, doth fometimes 
laften it to the outward part of the bird*t 
beak, which to get difengaged of, heil-riket 
his beak at the branches of a neighbouriag 
tree, and fo lavee the ieed fticking by this 
vifcous matter to the bark, which. If it 
lights upon a fmooth part of the tree, will 
faften itftlf, and the fdbwing winter pot 
out aAd gu>w : the trees which this plant 
4]oth moft readily take upon are the apple, 
the afli, and Come other fmooth rind 
trees: whenever i branch of an oak 
tree hath any of theCe plants growing up- 
on it, it is cut oflT* and preferved by the cu- 
rious ia their collediona of natural curiofi^ 
ties. MWer^ 

MFSTLIKE. a. [m\fi and tike.1 RefemWing 
a mift. SbakeJpearCp 

MISTlVLD. particip. paflT. of m'tftcU, 
MI$T(yOi(^r particip. palT. of tn'^ake. 

MI'STRESS. /. [maiflreje, French.] 
• I. A woman who governs: correlative to 
(ubje€t or to fervant. Arbuthnot^ 

2. A woman (killed in any thing, Add'tfon^ 

3 . A woman teacher. Swift, 

4. A woman beloved and courted. 

. Clarendon, 

5. A term of contemptuous addrefs. 

6^ A whore ; a concubine. 

MISTRU'ST./. [mil and trufi.] Diffidencej 
fufpicion ; want of confidence. Afilton, 

To MISTRU'ST. v. a. [mis and trujl.] To 
fufpedl; to doubt; to regard with dtfii- 
dence. Covf/ej. 

MISTRU'STFUL. a. [mijiruft and /«//.] 
Diffident; doubting. H^ailer, 

MISTRU'STFULNESS. /.. [from myirvji^ 
full Diffidence ; doubt. . Hidtiey, 

MISTRIP'STFULLY, ad. [from mfftrufiful,} 
With fufpicion; with miftruft. 

MISTRU'STLESS. «. [from w/^/-/^;?..| Con- 
fident ; unfufpe^ing, i^revf* 

MKSTY. a. [from «/>?.] 

1. Clouded; overfpread with mifts, 


2. Obfcure; dark; not plain. 

To MISUNDERSTA'ND. v. a. [mU and 
underjhnd.l To mifconceive; to mi/^alce. 

MISUNDERSTA'NDING. /. [itovnmjun* 

J. Difference 5 df-grccmcnt. .Stvift/ 

4 ^ a..^rr^J 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

M I X 


" ftl Error; tnifconcq)tion. Sicen^ 

. MISU'SAGE./. [ftommifnfe.} 

1, Abufe; illufe. 

2. Bad treatment. 

To MISU'SE. V. a. [mU and «/«.] To treat 

or ufe improperly ; to abufe; South. 

MISU'SE./. [from the Tcrb.J Bad ufe 5 bad 

treatment, Atterbutj* 

To MISWE'EN. V. «. [«« and wwi;.] To 

misjudge ; to diftruft, Spehfer^ 

•To MISWE'ND. V. «. [«?* and penman, 

Saxon.] To go wrong. Fairfax, 

Ml'SY. f, A kindofmincra!. HiU. 

MITE. /. [mite, French ; wf/r, Dtitch.] 

1. A fmall infpft found in cbcefc or corn ; 
' a weevil. , Philips. 

2. The twentieth part of a grain. Arbutb, 

3. Any tiling proYcrbially finall, Dryden, 

4. A fmall particle. Ray. 
MITE'LLA. /. A plant. 
MI^'THRIDATE. /. Mitbridate is one of 

the capital medicines of the fliopt, confin- 
ing of a great number of rngredi«ntf, and ■ 
, has its^ name from its inventor Mithridites, 
king of Pontus. S^uincif, 

MI'tHRIDATE mufiard. /. A plant. 

• MI'TIGANT. a. [mitigans^ Latin.] Le- 

nient ; lenitive. 
To MI'TIG ATE. v. a, [mitigo, Lat. vntiger, 
•" French.] 

I, To foftcn 5 to make lefi rigorous. 

a. To alleviate 5 to make mild 5 to afluage. 

«. To mollify 5 to make left fcvere, 
^ • Milton. 

4. To cool ; to moderate. Addifin, 

WITIGA'TION./. [miiigatidylAt.l Abate- 
ment of any thing penal, harfli, or painful. 


MI'TRE. /. [mitre, Fr. mitra, Latin.] 

I. An ornament for the head. Dresden, 

•2. A kind of epifcopal crown. fratts, 

ill'TRE. 7 /. [Among workmen.] A kind 

Ml'TER. J of joining two boards together. 

* MI'TRED. a. [mitr/y Fr. from mitre.l ^A- 

domed with a mitre. Prior, 

'IteOTTENT. a. [mittens, Latin.] Sending 
' rcrt(V5 emitting. H^feman, 

MVTTENS. /. [mitainsy French.] 

I. Coarfe gloves for the winter. Peach. 
^ %, Gloves that cover the arm without Co- 
vering the fingers. 
ikO'TTWC/^./. [Lat.] A warrant by which 
a juftice commits an offender to prifon. 
<• To MIX. V. a/ [mifceo, Latin.] 

I . To unite different bodies into onemafs j 
to put various ingredients togethet; 1 Ejdr, 
%, To form out of different conlideraiions. 


3. To, join 5 to mingle. Shahfpeare. 

MI'XEN./. [mixen, Saxon.] A dunghilj a 

layftal. . 4 . 

MIXTION./, [mhctiin, French."] Bfixti^^ 
confufion of «iie- body yAxk^ aaoither. • ^ 

MFXTLY. ad. [fmmml;^.] With coalition 

' ti different paru into one. 
MI'XTURE. /. [mixtura, Latin.] 

I. The aft of mixing 5 the fiate of heiiig 

mined. Arbutknci, 

9k. A mafs formed by mingled ingredients. 

. Shakifpdat^ 

3. That which 18 added and mixed, -v 

' • Auer!bMry^ 

Ml^MAZE./. A mate} a labyrinth. - 


MfZZEN.y. [me?uien, Dutch.] Thtminxen 

is a roiHl m the flern of a (hip : the length 

of a Mij^Amaft }s half that of the mjiii 

maft. Bailiym 

MVZZY. /, A bog 3 a quagmire. ^-. 

MNIBMO^NICKS. /. f/ufn/ueytai^.] The art 

of memory, ■ 

' MO. a, [ma, Saxoo.] Makii^ greater num- 
ber} mote. Spenpr^ 
MO. tfJ, Further 5 longer. Sbakefpearcm 
To MOAN. V, M, [from maman, Saxon^.'xo 

grieve.] To lament; to deplore. 
To MOAN. V. n. To grieve j to make la- 
mentation, ^boptfin* 
MOAN. /. Lamentation ; . audible fortow. 

MOAT.y. [motte^ French;] A canal of wa- 
ter round a hoafe or caftie for defence. .. 

To MOAT. V. a. [wetter, Fiendi^ from the 
noun, j To furround with canals, by^ way' of 
defences D/ydtn, 

MOB. /. [contraOed from mehile, Laxin.] 
The croud ) ft tumultuous root. Drydkn, 

MOB. /. A kind of female head drefiu 

To MOB. tr. a. [from the noun.] To hir« 
rafs, or overbear by tumult. 

MO'BBISH. a. [iwm mib.\ Mean ; ddne 
after the manner of the mob* 

To MO^BLE. 'v, a. To drefs grofily Of inele- 
gantly. Shakefpeare, 

MO'BB V. /. An American diink nudtf of 

MO-'BILE. /. [mohUe, French.] The popn- 
lace; the rout; the mob. VEftrange. 

MOBFLITY./. [mcbilit/, Fr. mobifttas^ La- 
tin.] ^ 

z. Nimblenefs; a£livity. Bfachnfire^ 

%, [Jn cant language. ] The popula<». 

^. Ficklenefs; inconflancy. . " 

MO^CHO-STONE. /. Mocho-fiones arc 
nearly related to the agat kind, of a, clear 
horny grey, with decliiiattoni reprefenting 
moflcs, flirubs, and branches, in ihc !^b- 
flance of the ftone. fToodward, 

To MOCK. V. a. [moc(^tter, French.] 
I. To deride; toiaughat; to ridic^ile. 
' Sbahej^eare. 

Digitized'by VjOOQIC 

ivr o D 

,,t«. To deride ^y ImlutiooY to hiimick in 
^ contempt. Sbakefteare, 

'3. To defeat I to elude*, Sbaiefpcare^ 

. .4^ To fool ; to tantalize | to pU^ on con- 
temptnra/Iy. Mi/ton* 

Td'MOClC. vr «• To make contemptuous 
* fporU I Job. 

MOCK, f. Tfrotti the vferb.] 

1. Ridicule 3 a£l of contempt } fleer; 

^ ihear.: . ,, % - . ' Tillotfin*. 

, s* Citation ; mimickry. Crajhaia» 

MOCK. «. Falfej counterfeit $ not re^l. 


MCCKTaBLE. 4, [from «oci^,] Expofed to 

' .dedfion>. Sbakefbeare, 

JiCyCKEL. a, [xht fam? with «/<:*/<•.] 
^Much 5 many, Spenjer^ 

MO'CKER./. ffrom W*.J 

1. One who mqcli;$ ». a fcorner ^ a feeder. 

r ■ ' ' • . , South, 

. 2. A deceiver 5 an elufory impoftor. 
MO'CKERY. / [inocquerle, French.] ' 
. I . Deriiipn } fcotn \ fportive infult. iPatts, 
,. a« Ridicule } contemptuous merriment, 

I Hooker* 

3« Sport I fub^^'of laughter. Sbake/feigre, 
,^.4* Vanity of attempt. Sbakejpeare^ 

5. Imiution ; coiwteifeit appearance ; vain 

•T ^t^ow. : Sbdiejhgare, 

MO'CKlKG-BlkD./. [mockip^ and iiVi.] 

« An American Urd, which imitates the 

. notes of other birds, 

MO'CKINGLV. ad. [from mecketj,] In con- 

. tempt ;- pctuIantJy j with infiilt. 

UCyCKUiq'StOCK./.lmo€khg and/#<:*.] 

. A butt for merriment. 

MCDAL. -jr. Unodahy Ft. modaUs^ Latimj 

- Relating to the form or mode^ not the ef- 

' fence. ClatwtlU* 

MODAaiTY. /. [from inodal.\ Accidental 

difference; modalaccident.' " Bolder, 

MODE,/, [»W^ French 5 tfwduf, Lztin,"} 

J, Form ; external variety ; accidental 
^ difcrimination I accident. . Watu* 

2. Gradation; degree. ' Pope^ 
. \, Manner ; method ; form ; fafliion. tayh 

4. Stare; appearance. Sbakefpeare, 

. 5. [Made, French^} Faihion; cunom. 

.MO'DEL. /. [modulut, I-atyi.] 

I. A reprefentation in miniature of fome- 
thiog made or done. , 'j^ddlfon, 

i, A copy to be imitated. Hooker, 

.3. A mould; any thing which (Hows or 
gives the /hape of that which it inclofes. 


. 4. Standard ; that by which an)r thing is 

^ n^afured. ' * Soutb, 

to MO'DEL. ,[w^^'^r, French.] To 

p^n; to ihape| tQ tnould^ to form; to 

vi delineate. * ' ' • - AdiHfin^ 

M 0'l5 

MO^DELL^R./. [f^om ««/«/.] Mahn«t| 
fchemer; contriver. Speffat9r» 

MO'DERATE. a, [moderatus, Latin.] 

1. Temperate ;* not cxceffive. Ecchtf, 

2. Not hot of temper, Sw/u 

3. Kot luxurious ; not expensive. 


4. Not rztrtine in opinion ; not fanguind 
in a tenet.* Smalrid^e, 

5. Placed between extremes ; holding the 
>nein. Hooker I 
6^ Of the^ middle rate. Dryden, 

To MO'MRATE. v. «. {moderor, Latin j 
fMdereTf French.] 

z. To regulate ; to reftrain ; to ftill ; to 
pacify ; to quiet ; tO repref*. Spen/erC 

2. To make teniperate. Blackmore^ 

MO^DERATELY. ad. [from moderate.} 

1. Temperately ; mildly. 

2. In a middle degree. Pf^allei^ 
MOTJERATENESS. /. [ from moderate. J 

State of being moderate ; temperatenefs* 
MODERATION, r. Imoderatio, Latin.] 

1, Forbearance of extremity ; the contrary 
* Temper to party violence. Atterbury^ 

'%, Calmnefs of mind ; equanimity. M\hon* 

3. Frugality in expence. 
IWODERATOR./. \nod&ati^, Latin.] ' 

J. The perfon or thing that claims or re- 
flrains. Walton. 

2. One who prefides in a difputation, to 
retrain the contending parties from indc* 
cency^ and confine them to the queftion. 

MO'DERN. /. [modeme, French.] 
■ I. Late; recent; not ancient; not antique. 


1. In Sbakefpeare, vulgar; riiean; com* 

MO'DERNS./. Thofe who have lived late- 
ly, oppofed'to the ancients/ Boy St, 

MO'DERNISM. /, Dcviataon from the an- 
cient and claffical manner. Swift, 

To MO'DERKISE, v. a. To adapt ancient 
compoAtions to modern perfoos or things. 

MOODBRNNESS. /, [from modern.} No* 

MO'DEST. a. [modepe, French.] 

2. Not arrogant ; not prefumptuous. 


2. Not impudent ; not fhrward. Vryden. 

3. Notloofe; not unchafte. • Addijon^ 
MO'DESTLY. ad. [from modeji.} 

1. Not arrogantly ; not prefumptuoUfly. 


2. Not impudently; not forwardly ; with 
modefty. Sbakefpearn 

3. Not loofely ; not lewdly, ' 

4. Not exceflively ; with moderation. - 
MCDESTY./. [modefiiey Fr. modefiasyhat.J 

I. Not arrogance; not prefumptuou fnefe. 

a* Nb timpudencc ; not forwardnefs. 

4K 2 3* Mode* 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



f . MtAcTMXlotti decency. ^hakt{^targ0 

, 4. Chaility 5 purity of manners. Dryititm 

MOO^ESTy.PIECE./. A narrow lace whkh 

runs along the upper part of the days be- 

. fore, Adduftn, 

MO'DICUM. /. [Latin.] Small portKUi ; 

, pittance. Drydcn, 

MODIFI'ABLE, s. [irom modify A .lUt 

cd by accidtntar<Uffcrc/i^s. 

may be diverfified by s 


MO'DIFICABLE. a, [from modify,] DiVer- 

. fifiable by variona modes. ^ , 

MODIflCA'TlON. /. [modificatkn^ tj.} 

The a£t of modifying any thing, or giving 

it new accidental dilFerences. IfeivtoM, 

To MCDIFY^ V. tf. [modi/ier, French^] 

I. To change the form cr accidents of any 

thing ; to ihape, Nawtpn* 

a. To foften 5 to moderate. , Dry^en, 

MODI'LLON. /. [French.] Modi/Uns, in 

^ archice^ure, arc little brackets wbkh are 

), often iet under the Corinthian and compo- 
fitc Orders, and jfenre to fuppoft the projec- 
'\ ture of the larmier or drip. Harns, 

• MO'DISH. a. [from mcde.] Fafliiooablej 
^ . formed M^»>r<iing to the reigning cuilcm. 

, MO'DiSHLY, ad, [firom modijh.] Faihroa- 
• .ably. 
MO'DISHNESS. /. [from m^di/b] Affcc- 

ta<ion of the faibion. 
To MO'DULATE. v, a, {mouuhr, Latin.] 
To form found to a^tuin key, cr to cer- 
tain notes. Anon, 
AIODULA'TIGN,/. [from modulaw^ «»u/«- 
iat'fHt French.] 

1. The a£l of forming any thing to ccrbin 
proportion. ^ ff^oodivfird, 

a. Sound modulated; agreeable harmojiy. 
MCyOULATOR. /. [from madulate.] Re 
who forms founds to a certain key ; a 
tuner. Dfrbam, 

MO'DULE./. {moduluf^ Latin,] An empty 
, repiefentation j a model, Sbakejpeare, 

.Mp'DUS, /. [Latin.] Something paid as -a 
fompcnfation for tithes on ihie fuppo/itioh 
of beipg a moderate equivalent. S%vift, 

MODWALL. /. A bird. 
MOE. a. [ma, Saxon. Sec Mo.] More; 
a greats number. ficgker, 

MO'HAIR./. [mchere, French.] Threap or 
ftuff made of camels or other hair. Pope, 
MO'HOCK. /. The nameof a cruel nation 
of America given to ruffians uho were ima- 
gined to infeft the Areets of London. 

Gaj, Dennis, 
MOPDERED. tf. Crazed. 
MO'IDORE. /. [moede, French ] A Portu- 
gal coin, rated at one pound (even ihiHings. 
MO'IETY. /. [«3/V;V, French, from »jc/r»f, 
the middle.] Half j one of two equal paits. 

To MOIL^ V, a, [mouil/er, FreJiciuJ , 
1. To dawb v^ith dirt. TCnoHk^ 

^. To weary. Cbaprndtu 

Tp MOIL.v, «, ImouUIer, J'rench.J 
i. To labour isi the mire, Bat0ti% 

; a. To t^oil : to drudge. ' VEpange^ 

MOIST, tf. [motfli, f>endi.] 

I,- Wet, not <lryj wet, not l»)uu|jt wet 
in a fm^Il degifee. • FoPu 

a. Juicy; fuccuten^. * - '''- ^ 

To MOIST. 7 v.a. Utommolft:! To 

To.MO'ISTEN.S make damp; to-'^maM 
Vet to a fmall dligrce 5 ^to damp; ShaHefpM 

MO'IST^ER. /. [from moiftcn.] The per- 
fon or thMig that moiftens. 

MO'ISTICESS. /. [fromjwj^.] pambaefy; 

. wetnei&ui a Imall degree. j&djfort^ ' 

MO'ISTURE. /. Imoiteur, Fr. from mbifl.J 
Small quantity of water or liquid. Hidn^k 

MOKli.S of ana.. Them«Bihes, 

MO'KY. a. -Dark. . 

MOEE. /. [moel, Saxon.J ^ • ^ 

I . A m^le is a formiefs concretion of extra* 
▼afated blood, which grows unto a kin^ of 
flcfh in the uterus, ^tney^ 

a, A natural fpot of cfifcolottration of the 
body, i^<w 

3, A mound J a dyke.. . Sandys, 

4. A little beaft that w6rks under grov&d. 

^O'LE&AT. /. A filh. ' 
MO'LEC AST, /, [mole and cafi.} Hillbcfc 

caft iip bya mole. ■ * Mortmek 

THO'LECATCHER. /. [mole ahd eatebtrJl 

One whofe employment is to tatch mOlcs. 

JHO'LEHTLL. /. [jfeoAf.and biTL'] HiHock 

thrown up by the mole forking tnid« 
r ground,- Fa'iffax, 

To MOtE'ST. H>. a, [mohjlsr, French.] 1^ 

difturb ; to trouble } to vex. Z.9che, 

MOLEST AnriON. jTv [mokfiia, Latin. J 

Difturbance j uneafinefs caufed by vexation. 

, . ' Norrii, 

MpLE^'STER. /. [from mohji,'] One who 

MO'LETRACR./. [woAf and /«£*.] Coorfe 

of the. mole under ground. Mortmer, 

MO'LEWARf^./. [mok and peoppan. Sax.] 

A mole. Drayton, 

MO'LLIENT. a, [molRent, Latin.] Soften- 

ing. , . 

MOaXIFlABLE. a. [from moUi^.] That 

may be foftened. 
MOLLIFICA'TJON. f, [ftom moinfi,'] 

I. The a£t of mollifying or foftening. 


a. Pacification ; mitigition. Sbahfptare. 
MCLLIFIER./. TjTom mollify.] 

1. That which ibftens } that which 4p- 

peafcs. ' fa.oM0 

a. He that pacifies or'miHg^tes. 
To MOatlFY. V. a; Iwoiih, Latin.] 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

T.^To feften ^ to maJce ib(t« 
a.^ToalTwage. v ' ^ J^liA, 

3. To appeafe 5 t& fftcify 5 to quiet* 

4* To qindifyjtO' teffisa aay-tbiAg \^(k 

' ot'hiif^tafoiae, Clarendon% 

MCLTEfr. part, fttlt.' ftoin V#i^. J6i«Jr; 

MCLy./. [*»d^, Lafi*^] JW«>, or wild 

gasliclr^ is of leveral forts j as tiie gnat 

«rcA of Hofwr, tte ln*ipah: jwc^jr, the miy 

orHuogary, ferpents 11*1^ tkr yellow iw^. 
MOLCysSES. t /. r«i«<««»«^ Italkiu] Xre- 
MOLA'SSES. 5 acle i the fpume or fcum of 

the jtiiceof the ^Ipr-cane. ' 

MOME< /.A dull» ^pid blockhead ; a 

flocky a poft. Sbdiiffeare, 

MCMENT* /. [iB^wWf F>^» momentum^ liU- 


1. Confequeuce I importance; wekgbt; 

Talttc. ' B^ntUy, 

a. Force 5 impiMi* weight. B, Jbbtfon, 

3. AnindivifiblejjttWkltof time. Pi*tor. 
MOME'NTALLy. id. [from motnMitmy 

Latin.] For a moment. • Brotvn, 

MOMENT A^ib\)S. > tfi [«f;*«rftf«fla, 
W<yMENTANy. ' i Latin.] taffing 

but a moment. Bkton* 

MO'MENT ARY. i7. ffrom moment,} Laft- 

ulg for a iaom«fit s done iii a moment, 

MOME'^NTOUS. J. {ftom mommtufk, Ulu} 

Importaht: weighty : of confequence. 

MCMMERY./. Imtmerie, French J Aa 
entertainment in Wl^ch nikikers ptay fr^ 
licks. Sio^e, 

iACKACHAL. a. [/Wfwt;)^^;^;.;] MonaAick ; 
relating to monkt^ or conventtial orders'. 

I«0'NACH1SM./. Imonachifme, Fr.J The 
ftate of monks'! i\ic monaAick life. 

WO'NAD. I /. r/uo*«>.] An indivifible 

MO'NADE. 5 thing. > Atir*. 

MCNAKCH. / [/uo'wpx^^'1 

1. A gOTcroor inveiled wkh abfolute au- 
thority 5 a king. 7V»/»/e. 

2. One foperior to the reft of the feme 
Mni!, '^ D^yden, 
t- Prefident. Sbakejfiare, 

MONA'RCHAL. a. SuWng a Jteonarchj 

regal J prirfceljr $ imperial. ' Milton. 
•MONA'RGHlGAL.iJ. [/ui<»^afX»«ofO Vcftid 

in a fingle ruler. ■ Brtmtn, 

ToMO*NARCHISE.v. ». [from «wT<wtci>.] 

To play the king. Sbaktfpiare. 

MO'NARCHV^./. [mnmbieiTr. fj^^tifxpa,} 
' 1. The gdvernment of a fingle perfen. 


2. Kingdom; empire. Sbakefpemie, 

MCNASTERY. /. [mmafteritim, Latin.] 

Houfie of reMgioos retireooent ; convent. 


MONA'STICK. X a. [i»0fmiiV«i,Lada.] 
MONA'STiqjdai.i. Aelistooilyretlaic/ 

MQNA'STiqAiUiY. <d: f frdm m<ms^.\ 
: Redufely ; in the manner of a monk. Svnfi^ 
AiO'ND'AY.;: Cfton imM« and day,] Tki 

iecond day of the week* 
^KKNEY./. [^iMeifl, Latin.] A&tal coined 
. for the purpofes of commcece. Bwiftm 

MO'NEYBAQ./. [axwr^ and ^.] A lai^ 

pi*^. - .• £bak^beMr$m 

MO'NEYCHANdER./. [mmmjf and r^i.^.] 
. A bir6k«r ijt maney. . JtrbtUhmL 

MCVNEYED. a. ffrom Mis^.]Ricb in mo^ 

ney; dfteiMifed in oppofitioo to tfaol< wbk 

are poiTeflM of- lands, Lockg^ 

^CVNEYBR./. (ftomii«f9.] 

J . One that deals in money j a banker* 
, a. A omner-of m^nay. 
M(yN£YL£SS« a. [from money,} Wanting 

aoQii^; panoykis^ SwifK 

MO'NEYMATTER./. [wir^ and jwtt^.J 
' AccouRt><^ debtor and creditor* Jlrhami 
M<yNEYSeRiyBNER./. [w«#y and jrri. 

v«ier,] One who raifes naoncyfor others. 
. , Arbmtbmi. 

MCNEYWORT./. A plant 
MCNEYSWQRTH./. [mmey and wtih.l 

Something wUutbJe. VEfirat^i 

MO-NGCORN,/. fmany, Saion> andtfan,.! 

Mijted conirt as^ wheat and rye. 
.MO'WGER./ fawnje^, Saxon, a tradir.J 

A dader ; a ftUer. s as» ti£flbmiiger, Ha<fi£ 
MONGREL, a, [ftom mang, Saxon, or 

myg^M, to mac^ Dau^h^Of a mijnd breed, 

l^O'NIMENT,/ ffrom awa«^ Lati^lc 

fcems to ligntfy infcription sn Sptnfer. 
To MO'VISH. •«?, «. [asvsAs Latin. J To ad^ 

mojoifli. Jlfcham^ 

MO'NISHER./. [fronamu^] Anadm^ 

niiher; a monitor. 
MONITION./ [monUiOy Latin. J 
- x.'Informaden; hint. ^6iU^« 

a. Inftro&ion ; document, VEftronfe, 
MO'NITOR. /. [Latin.] One who warns 

of faul% . or informs of duty ^ one. wh* 

gives ufefol hints. It is ufed of an upper 
- ' icbolar $1 a'/cheel commiflipned by tie 

matter to look to the boys, Lochm 

MO'NlTaR Y. ^. {momtorius, Lat.] Conrcy- 

ing ufefui infbru^ion ; giving admcmition« 


lAfyfUYTO^Y. f. Admonition; warning. 

M&HK, /. lf*>iftix^*^ ^"* o^ • wligioiia 
community bouiKl, by vows to c^ain ol- 

fervances Juliet. 

^MO'NKEY. /. [monikin, a little man.] 
I. An ape; a baboon ;. a] jackanapes, An 
animal bearing ibmc relemblance of man. 
^ A 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

Mb k 

I" *> 



.ft* A w6td of coitem^jt, •rilifbt kmdlae& 
.• - Sbakeffeare* 

^mnUKXSCf^ /. {fron »«««.} The inoat. 

ftklclife. - H«//. 

MONKHOOD./. \mnk %nA JMod.y Th4 

chara£ler of a monk. - > ' > Atterbmry* 
if CNKISH. ^, {fMiD Mmnl.] Monaftick | 
, . - pcflalning to monkt. Smith, 

lhIONK> HOOD. /.. A plant, V 

JkfONK*8^HUBARB. /. A fpfcks of 

fiack * " ■ ■ ' ^ 

. ISO'NOCHORD./. [fcAe'^d ^of^^'O An 

- mftruinent of one ftriag. / 
MONOVULAR. 7 ^.i^K^and ocu/vcl 
MONO'CULOUS. S fOne-eyed, Gfa»vUL 
liO'NODY:/ f/sMw*^.].Alpocmfim5by 

oar pevCba not in dialogue* - 
MONO'GAMIST. /. [/u^ and yafM»f.] 
•^ ^One%Ko.dt£iUo«rs fecond lAarrxages. 
JIONO'GAMY. /. ^[yA&fcg and /af«s«.] 
; Mtfri^ of-^one wificU . . 
liCNOGRAM./. [feow^md j^/cm.] A 
. ^pher^ a ofianidter compounded of &Tcral 

. letters. » . v . ; 

340^NQLOGUE. /. [m^wc and \iyot.] A 

£:ene in whzdi a perion of the drama fpeak^ 
' by btmfelC j.ta ioliloqtty. ..' Drydtfu 

JWO'Nt:)MACHY,./..[fa»c/*«X*«-] A duclj 

a fin^k jcombat. 
IdO'NOMS. /. In algebra, a^uantity that 
* - has hvt, one denomination or name. Harris, 
WONQPE'TALOUS. a, |>i^wc «nd «riT«- 

- A»v. j It is «fed for fuoh flowers as afc fiorm^ 
. edoutof oneleff> kowfoenrerth^ mi^ be 
. feelingly cut into (mall ones. 
lilONO'POLIST. f [kioHof^f^' French.] 

One who by engcofling orffttent obtains 
*% "tht f<jla'pO(wie^, or privilege, of - vending any 
. ^ .eotfcjnodity. 

-To.MONO'POD^E* ^e;. A [/uoW ai^ 
«rvXEo.] To have the fole power or privilege 
of Venning' any. commoditgr. Arbtttbnoi, 
MOWO'POLY./. .f/u»o»*»x««.] The exclu- 
. <fivb privilege of feUinf any thing. Shakef, 
. IdONO^PTOTE. /. [fcOToc and «r7d?«c.] Is 
«. 4 noon ufed only ia Tome one oblique cafe. 

MONO'STICH. /. Iftm^tx^.} A compo- 
. ifilion of one verfe. 

.MONOSYLLA'BICAL.«. [(tommonofjUii' 
. ilt.] Con(x£l:ing of word& -of dne fylUUe. 

MONOSY^LLABLE. /. [fxSfoe and a^vKKa- 

(3«.} A word of o^ one /ylUble« Dtydeu, 

.ilONOSYXLABLED. a, [from monofylU- 

^ i/e.} Cbtofifting of one fyUable. CleaveUnd, 

MONO'TOKY. /. [/MflMloK*.] Uniformity 
of found I want of variety in cadence. 

fsUQ^NSIEUR. /. [French.] A term of re- 

. .4»roach for a FrendMnao. .. - Sifaktjptare, 

.140NS0'0N. /. [monfon] French.] Mon- 

A Jsons are (hifting trade winds in the £aft In- 

. 's(dlail ocean, which blow perwdlcally ; fome 

for half a year onfr-way« others >«t .for 

.'tb«jt months, and tii6n fliift anS blow for 

£x • or three monthA dii»a|y;cOJ5»traiy. , ^ 

. Marrism Raym 

MO'NSTER. /. {mpnfirmny^ Lati/i.J 

z. Something out; of the common order of^ 

nature. ^ Locke, 

at -Sometbifl&horrible^r deformity > wick- 

edneia, or mi&hielk ,- Pope, 

To MO'NSTER. «. a» [from the noun.] 

To put out of the toflataxon order of things/ 

•- -. .,>... Sitakefpeare^ 

MONSTRO'SITY- ^ > /. The ftate of being 

MON&TRUO'SITy. S\.inonftr<?us, or ou| 

, of theOommon order of the univerfe^^afdn. 

MO'ffSTROVSrtf. [mopftropis,M^A \ 

1. Deviating from the ftated order pfjJ^a- 

• twre^.- • . . ,., , ^j , . " Lgcke, _ 

2. Strange ; wonderful. Sbah^fore, 
.' 3. Irregular; enormovft.--^' - - Pof>e, 
. 4. SHockingSf hatefnl.. . -Bacon, 
MO'NST^OUS. atk Xxceedr^ly 5 very 
. much. - ' ' Bacon, 
^iO'NSTR0^8LY. ad. [from monfirous,} \ 

1. In a miAfter out of .thr common oider 
©f jiature j ihocfeingly j terribly j horri- 

- bly. . . Souibf 

2.- '^o^a great or ensrmons dc^eg. , Bryden, 

AfO'HSTROUSNESS. /. [from monftrous.] 

Enormity | irreguU^ jaatore 1^ behaviour*; 


M(^Jt^ndtrt, /. [Frekh.] A terrain fen. 
cing, • Sbak^ftarL 

lAO^mERO, ./. [Siwiilh.] A horfeman's 

. csrp. Bacon» 

^ONTE'TH./. [ffom tke name of l;b^ iw- 
venter.] A veiTel in which glaHTes are v^Hi- 

:, ed» . Km^ 

MONTH. /. [ihona«, Saxon.] A fpace of 
tiqne.^thet meafured by th^ fun or mooin: 

. , the lunar month is the time between the 
change and Change, or the time in^hich 
the moon ooi|>es to Um fame point : the folsr 
month is the time in which the fun pj^es 
throygha iign<if.tlie aodiack: W ^^^' 
dar months, by which we reckon tim^arc 
unequally of thirty or one-and-thir^ days, 
except February, which is.of twenty -eight, 
and in leap yeitr of tweniy-nine. 

MONTHS wW./. Longing defire. SbaU^% 

MO'NTHLY. a, [from mom^^ 

I. Continiiing a month 5 perfornjed tOi^ 

. ^onth-. . Bentles* 

a. . Happening every month. l>rydtt^* 

MO'NTHLY. ad^ Once in a n^mth. 


a flone as \ 
lian riding'i — .^.^ ^,^^-... -r- > ^.^ 

MO'NUMENT./. Im^tmm^t, French.] 

-^ *- I. AV 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

M Q tC^ 

lyf pft 

.. I. AnytKingbywbich thejnemorf^f per- 
Ibns or things is prefcxvcd j a memorial. 

King Charles, 
7^ A tomb.; a ceiiftfaph» Sarins, Bdpe^ 

MONUME'NTAL. a\ (from monument,^ 
I. Memorial J prcferving memory, Poft* 
a. Hailed in honour pf the dead; belong- 
lAg to a tomb. Crajbtno^ 

MOpD./. [modui^ Latin.] 

i. The form of an argoment. Sdker, 

a* Stile of mufick. M'tltcn, 

3. The chabge the verb undergoes^ to fignify 
varitms intentions of tKeinindy is called 
mood» CJarke* 

4. Temper of mind \ ftate of mind as af- 
fedled by any pa/Hon^ difpofitlon. 

5. Anger $ r^ge l Beat of mind. 

MO'ODY. tf. [from iMoi*] 

1. Angry; outofhumour* Shukefpeare^ 
%, Mentual ; intelle^uaU 

MOON. /. [^<tWO 

2. The changing luminary of the night, 
called by poeU Cynthia or Phoebe. . 

1. A month. 
llOON-BEAM.y; Iffffion and heam.} Rays 
of lunar light. Bac$n, 

MOON-CALF. /. Tmdonind calf*} 

1. Amonfter; a f^ilfe Conception : fuppof«' 
ed perhaps anciently to be produced by the 
influence of the moon. . Sbaktjpure. 

». A ^olt ; ' a ilupid fellow. Vryden, 

MOON-;EyEP. a. t'woo" ^"3 eye,} 

I. Having eyes affedted by the reyolutiohs 
of ,the moon. 
1, Dim-eyed $ purblind. 
MOONFE'RN. /. A plant. 
MOON.FISH. /. Moon^fijb Is fo Called, 
bccaufe thp Uil fin is fhaped like a half 
moon. Grew, 

MO'ONLESS. a. [from moon.} Not en- 
lightened by the moon. Dtyden, 
MO'ONUGHT./. [moon and Rgbt.} The 
light afforded by the moon. Hooker t 
llO'ONLlOHt. a. lllumtnated by the 
moon. Pope, 
* MCyONSHINE. /. [«w» and/iw. J 

1. The luftre of the moon. Sbakejpeare. 

2. [In burlefque.] A month. Sbakeheare, 
McyONSHlNE. 7 a, [moon znA Jhine.} 11- 
McyONSHlNY, J luminatedbythcmoon. 


MCyONSTONE. / A kind of ftonc. 

. MO'ONSTRUCK. <«. [moon Mdjiruck.1 Lu- 

natick ; affe£led by the moon. Mi/ton: 

MO^ON-TREFOIL./. [medicago, Latin.] A 

plant. Miller, 

MO'ONWORT. /. [moon and wor/.] Sta- 

\ tionflower 5 honcfty. ^ MiUer, (from moon,} Lunatcd^hav. 

, . kg acrefc^ntfor the ftandard refembyps 
the 'moon. Philips, 

MOOR. /. Imoer, Dutch ; madder, Teuto- 
nick, clay.] 

I. A marfli ; a fen ; a bog ; a track of lo^ 
. and watry grounds. Spenjer* 

%, A negro 3 a black^-mcor. 


.To MOOR. V, a* [morer, French.] To faf- 

ten by anchors or otherwife. Dryden* 

To MOOR. ^. a, To be fixed j to be ftatioar 

' ed. Arbuthnot, 

*To blow tf MOOR. To found the horn in 

triomphf and caU in the whole company of 

hunters. Ainfwortb^ 

'MO'ORCOCK./. [moorzuAcHk.} The male 

of the moorhen. 
.MCVORHEN. /. [moor and bin,} A fowl^ 
that feeds in the fens, without web feet. 


MO' [frommoor.] Fenny ^ mar- 

' > fliy; watry. Half 

MO'ORLAND./. [moor tn^ land.} Mar/h; 

fen ; watry ground. Swift* 

MO'ORSTONE./. A fpedes of granite. . 

M0'0RY«4. [firom«dor.] MarAy } fenny. 

MOOSE. /. A large American deer. 
To MOOT. V, a. To plead a mock cau(^ ; 
to ihtc a point of law by way of exercife, 
as was commonly done in the innsof bourt 
at appointed timet. - 
MOOT cafeoTpoinu A point or cafe Unfet- 
tled and difputable. Locke, 

MO'OTED. a. Plucked up by the roof. 
MO'OTER./. [from wow.] A difpuicjrpf 

moot points. 
MOP. /. [moppa, WeiA.] 

1. Pieces of cloth, or locks of wool, fixed 
to a long handle^ with which maids cl^n 
the floors. Swtft, 

a. A wry mouth made in contempt. 

To MOP. V, a, [from the noun.] To rub 
, with a mop. 
To MOP* V. n, [from moch} Tb make wry 
jnouths in contempt. Sbakeheare* 

To MOPE. V, n. To be ftupid j to drowfe; 
to be in a conftant daydream. Rowe, 

To MOPE. V. a. To make fpiritlefsj t» 
deprive of natural powers. hocke* 

MO'PE-EYED. a, Blihd of one eye. 
MOTPET. J /. A puppet made of rag»at 
MO'PSEY. 5 a mop 5 a fondling name for a 
girl. Dtyden* 

MO'Pl^S. jf7 A dnlnej a dreamer. 

MO'RAL.'if. [moral, Fr, moralis, Latin. J 
I. Relating to the pradice of men towards 
each other, as it may be virtuous pr crimi- 
nal, good or bad. Hooi^r, 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


yi oti 

' k. Reafoning or infirufting with regdtd to 
vice and virtue. Sbakejpeare^ 

2. Popular ; fuch as is known in gcneril 
ufinefs of life. TilhtJon» 

MO'RAL. /. 

/ S. Morality }' practice or dodrine of the 

duties of life. Prior, 

' %, The doctrine inculcated by a fif^ion; 

the accommodation of a fabk to form the 

morals, Sivift* 

To MCRAL. «r. «. [fr0m the adjeaivc.] 

To monlize 3 to nuJce moral reflexions* 


l^fO'RALlST. /. [morafijle, French. J One 

who teaches the duties of life. .dd^Jou. 

jMORA'UTy. /. imorana, Fr. from w- 

* I. The doarine of the duties of Vii^ ; «- 
\ thicks. Biktr. 

a. The form of an adion which makes it 

the ftibjea of reward, or punifliment. South, 
To MCyRALIZE, V. tf. [mralizer, Fr.] To 

apply to moral purpofes 3 to explain m a 

moral fenfe. VEJiran^e, 

To MCyR ALIZE. v. «; To fpeak or write 

on inoral fubjeXs. , 

mORALrZER./. [from mraliice.J He wlro 

MO'RALLY. ad. [from *wr^.] 

I. In the'^cthical fenfe. Rymer, 

ft. According to the rules of virtue. 


3. Popularly. - ' V Eft range. 

MO'RALS. /. The praftice of the duties ' 

of life ; behaviour with refpe£l to others. 

MORA'SS. /. {morais, French.^] Fen j bog j 
moor. Waus. 

MO'RBID. tf. [morb'idus, Lat.] Difeafedj in 
a ft ate contrary to health. jlrbutbnot, 

MO'RBIDNESS. /.- [fro^ morbid.] State of 
being difeafed« 

MORBI'FICAL. 7 a. [inorbus znA facio^ 

MORBI'FICK, S Lat.]Caofing<lifeaft:s. 

MORBCySE. a. [morbofus, Lat.] Proceeding 
from difeafe j not healthy. 
' MORBCVSiTY. /. [from morhofut, Lat.] 
Difeafed ftate. Brgwn. 

MORDA'CIOUS. tf. (mcrdax, Lat.] Biting j 
apt to bite. 
" MORDA'CITY. /. [mrdaatas, Lat.] Bit- 
ing quality. Bacon. 

MO'RDICANT. a. [mordicant, Fr.] Biting 5 

acrid. Boyle, 

' MORDICAJION* /. [frwn mordicant.J 

The aft of corroding or biting. Bacon » 

MORE. a. [ma|i&> Saxon.] 
^ I. In greater number j ia greater quanti- 
ty 5 in greater degree. Sbakejpeare, 
%. Greater. * ^^s, 

MORE. ad. 

I. To a greater degree. Bacon, 

ai. The particle that forms the com>ara. 

tive degree ^ as, more happy. Bacon, 

3, Again J a fecond tinrw. Tatler* 

• 4. Longer ; yet contihiiing 5 with the ne- 
gative particle, Skakejpiare^ 
MORE. /. 

X, ;^ greater qiitntlty j a greater degree. 

1. Greater thing; other thing. Lccku 

3. Second time; longer time. 
MORE'L. /. [folanum, J-at.] 

I. A plant. 

a. A kind of cherry. Morrmer^ 

MO'RELAND. /. [.mofiUn'©, Saxon.] A 

mountainous of hilly country i a traft of 

Staffordihire is called the Morlands, 
MOREO'VER.tfJ. [mere ^nd over.] Beyond 

what has been mentioned. 

Shakefpeare, Ffabm^ 
MORGLA'y. /. A deadly weapon. Ainf. 
MORTOEROUS. ^. Imorigentt^Uxini] O- 

bedient; obfbquious. 
MQ'RION. /.' [Fr.] A hdmetj artnoor 

fox the head ; a cafqqe. Rakigb* 

MORPSCO./. [won/w, Spanifli.] A dancer 

of the morris or mooriih dance. Sbakefteare, 
MP'RKIN./. A wUibeaft, dead'ihrough 

ficknefs or inifchance. ' • Bailef, 

MO'RUNG. 7 / Wool plucked from a 
. MOOITLING. \ dead iheep. Airlfioortb. 
M(ykMO. /. [fwg^.] Bugbear J falfe 

MORN./, {marine, Saxon.] The firft part 

of the day j* the mornings X/^' 

MO'RNING./. The firA part of the day, 

from the 6W1 appearance! of light to the 

end of the firft fourth part of the fun*s daily 

conWe. Tiyion 

MO^RNING-GGWN. /. A loofe gown 

worn.beforeone is fomdly dre/Ted.' Aid, 
MaRNfNG.STAfe.. /. The phmctVcout 

when ihe fhincs in the morning. Sfenjer. 
MORO'SE. a. \morofui', Latin.] Sour of 

temper ; f eevifli } fwllen. fFatts, 

MORO'SELY. ad-, [from morofe] Sonriyj 

pccvifhly. ■ Cvv, of the TofigfH- 

MORO'SENESS. /. [from morofe.] Soar- 

nefs; peeviflinefs. Waftst 

MpRO'SITY. /. [mrcfitas, I.n.] Morofe- 

nefs J fouri^'efe j peeviAnefs. Clarendon, 
MO'RR IS. 7 /. [that is, pnori^. 

MO'RRISDANCE. J dance,] ^ 

I. A dance in which- bells are gingled, or 

ftaves or fwords^claihed, which was kara- 

ed by the Moors. 

a. Nine nuns Morris. A kind of play 

with nine holes in the ground. Sbakefpe^re. 
MO'RRIS-DANCBR./. [monU and dance.] 

One who dances a la tuorefco^ the moorifli 

dance. Tcn^k. 

MO'RI'HEW./. [morpbce,?!,] Afcwfon 

the face. 
MO'RROW. /. [monseo, Saxon.] ^ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


M o s 

i. The day after the prefent day. Cow/ty. 
' ik, To MbRRow. On the day after this 
, curtent day. Pricr, 

Morse. /. a fea.horfe. Bro^fi. 

MO'RSEL./. fwt^r/^//«5, low Latin.] 

J. A piece fit for the mouth j a mobthful, 


.2. A pieces si meal. VEfirange* 

jj. A /mall quantity, Boyle. 

WtyRSURE./. [morjure, Fh hor^ura, Lat.j 

The. a£l of biting, 
MORT. /. [mortt^ F^] 

1. A tune founded at the death of the 
8»nie. ' Shdkeffeare. 

2. A great Quantity. 
MO'RTAL. a. {mortality Latin.] 

I. Subjeft to death J dodmcd fomctime ^ 
die; 2 Cor, 

' 1. Deadly j deftrailive j procuring death. 


3. Bringing death. J'of^* 

4. Human; bclpnging to" man. Milton: 
$. Extreme; Tiolent. Dryitn, 

MCRTAL. /. Man j human being. 

MORT A'LITY ; /. [from worftf/.] 

1 . Subje£lion to death 5 ftate of a being 
fubjeft to death; Wata^ 
a. Death. Sbakefpeare^ 

3. Power of deftruftion. Sbakefpeare. 

4. Frcquei^y of death. Craunu 

5. Haman nature. i*^*. 
MO*RTALLY. ad, [from wor/^/.J 

i. Irrecoverably ; to death. Drydeit, 

2. Extremely ; to Extremity. GranfOtlle, 
MO/RTAR./. [mortarium, Latin.] 

* 4. A l^rong vefTel in which materials are 
' broken by being pounded with a pefile. 

2. A fhort wide cannon out of which 
bombs are thrown. Granville, 

MO'RTAR, /. \morier^ Dutch; mortUr^ 

' French.] Cement made of lime and fand 
*?hh water, and ii^t^ to join ftoncs ot 
bricks'. Mortiitier, 

MO'RTGAGE. /. [mor/ and ^^j^*, French.] 
I. A dead pledge; a thing pot into the 
hands of a creditor. Arbutbhot^ 

1. The ftate of being pledged. Bacon, 

T6 MO'RTGAGE. v, a. To pledge ; to 
pu< to p(edgc. jirbutbnot, 

MORTGAGE'E. /. [from Mortgage.] He 

• that takes or receives a mortgage. 'Temple^ 
MORTGAGER./, [from mrtgage.} Kef 

that givfes a fftortgage. 

MORTI'FEROUS. a. [moriifer, Latin.] Fa- 
tal ; deadly ; deftruftive. Hammond, 

MORtlFICA'TION./. [mortificaticn, Fr.] 

f. The ftjlte of Corrupting, or lofing the 

Vital qualities ; gapgrere. Jkfilfon, 

'2i Deftrudion of a^ive qualities. Bacon, 

i- the z€t of /ubdviing the body by hafd- 

Yov, II. 

Ihlp8 and maceriitions. Arhuthnot^ 

4. Humiliation; fubje£lion of the paflions. 


3. Vexation ; trouble. VEfirange, 
ToMO^RTIFYiV a, [mortijer, French.] 

i. To deftroy vital qualities, 
a. To deilroy aftivc powers, or efTential 
qualities. Bacon. 

3* To fiibdue Inordinate paflions. 


4. To macerate or harraft the body to 
compliance with the mind. Brown, 
3. To humble; 10 deprcfs; to vc«. 

To MO'RTIFY. 9. n. . 

1. To gangrene ; to corrupt. Baconn. 

2. To be fubdued'; to die away. 
MO'RTISE. /. [mortaifc, Fr.J A hole Cut 

into wood that another piece may be p«t 
ihto it. abakefpeare, Ray. 

Tc MO'RTISfi. -i;. a. To cut with a mor^' 
tife ; to join with a mortife. Drayton, 

MO'RTMAIN. /. [rnortt, and main, Fr.] 
Suclj a date of pofleflion as makes it una- 
lienable. Spenfer, 
MO'RTPAY./. [wort and /,ay.] Dead pay 5 
payment hot made. Bacon, 
MO'RTR ess. /. A dirii of meat of various 
kinds beaten together. Baetn, 
MO^RTUARY./. [mortuatre,?r, mortua'ri^' 
um, Latin.] A gift left by a man at his 
death to his parifli church, for the recom- 
pence of his perfonal tythes and offerings 
n6t duly paid. 
MOSA'ICK. a, [mofaiquh, Fr.] Mofaici n 
a kind of painting in fmall pebMes, cock- 
les, and /hells of fundry colours. Milton. 
MO'^CHATEL. /. A plant. 
MOS<Q/fi./. [wo/f^/, Turkiih.] AMrfio^ 

metan temple. 
MOSS./; [n'efor, Saxon.] A plant. Though 
iHofs was former fuppcfed to be only aa 
exerefcence produced from the earth and 
trees, yet Ic m no lefs a perfcft plant 
Chan thoft of greater magnitude, hav- 
ing root, flowers, and feeds, yet caniiot • 
be propagated frorn fe^ds by any art. 

- Miller. 

To MOSS. V. a. [from the ftoun.] To co^ 

ver with mofs. Sbhkefpeare, 

MO'SSINESS. /. [ixom m6Jly,1 The ftatq 

of being covered or overgrown with mofs. 


MO'SSY. a, [from »»/};] Overgrowri with 

mofs. Pope. 

MOST, a, the fuperlative of more, [majr, 

Saxon.] GonHiling of the gr^ateft num- 

her ; confifting of the greitcft quantity. 

MOST. ad. 

1. The particle notiHg the Tuperfative de- 
gree } asj thc'moft incentive. Chtyne^ 
^ U. z, in 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



«. In the greateft degree. Loc^e* 

MOST. /. 

J. The greateft number, Add'tfon, 

2, The greateft valtte. V^firange, 

3. The greateft degree j the greateft quan- 
' tity. Bacon, 

MO'STICK./. A painter's ftafF. 

MO'STLY. ad, [from moji.} For the greateft 

p?rr. Bacon, 

KAO'STWHAT. /. [mofi and ivbai'] For the 

moft part. Hammond, 

MOT A' riON. /. Aa of moving. 
MOTE./, (mori Saxon.] A fmall particle 

of matter j any thing proverbially little. 

MOTE, for might, Sfenfer, 

MOTH./. [mc«, Saxon.] A fmall winged 

iafea that eats cloths and hangings. 
' Dryden, 

MOUTHER. /. [mo^oji, Saxon 5 moederj 


1. 'a woman that has born a child ; corre« 
]at)>^ to fon or daughter. Sbakefpeare, 

2. That which has produced any thing. 


3. Thaf. which has preceded in time s as, 
a mother church to chapels. 

4. That which requires reverence and obe- 
dience. *. Ayl'iffe, 

5. Hyfterical paflion. Graunt, 

6. A familiar term of addrefs to an old 

7. Mother In law, A bufl)and'8 or 
vife*8 mother. Ainftuortb, 
%, [Moider, Dutch.] A thick fubftance 
concreting in liqudi-sj the lees or fcum 
concreted. ^ Dryden* 

~ MO'THER. a. Had at the birth 5 iiative. 

To MCITHER. V, n. ,To gather concrctioa, 

MOTHER offearU A kind of ccarfe pearl j 
the ihell in which pearls are generated. 

MOTHERHOOD./ Ifrom Mother,] The 
office or chara£ler of a mother. Dryden, 
MOTHERLESS, a, [from mother.] Defti- 
tute of a mother. JValUr,- 

-MO'THERLY. a. Belonging to a mother j 
fuitable to a mother. Raleigh, 

MO'THERLY. M [from iwo^i&*r.] In man- 
ner of a mother. Donne, 
^ MO^JHTERWORT./. [fflr<«tfw,Latin.] A 
plant; ' Miller, 
MO^HERY. a. [from mctber.} Concreted ; 
full of concretions J dreggy j feculent; 
■ tiCed of liquors. 
jy^OTHMU'LLEN. / [blattaria^ Latin.] 
. ' A Hanr. Miller, 
• jiO'THWORT. /. [mQtb and wcr/,] An 

MO'THY. a, [from wfA.].FuU of moths. 

MO'TION. / [motto, Latin.] 

1. The aft of changing place. 

2. Manner of moving the body 5 port x 
. gait. ' 0'all&. 

3. Changeof pofture5 aftion. DryeUn, 

4. Tendency of the mind j thought. 


5. Propofal made. Shakefpeare, 

6. Impulfe communicated. Dryden, 
To MO'TION. v, a, [from the noun. J T^ 

MO'TIONLESS. a, [from motion,] Wanting 

motion ; being without motion. 

MCTIVE. a, [motivus, Latin.] 

1. Cauftng motion ; having moment. 


2. Having the pow^r to move 5 having 
power to change place. Wtlkins, 

MO'TIVE. /. [motifs French.] 

1. That which determines the choice; 
that which incites the a£lion. Sbakejpeare, 

2. Mover. Sbakejpeare, 
MO'TLE Y. a. Mingled of various colom«f 


MOTOR. / A mover. Brown, 

MO'TORY. a, [woror/w, Latui.] Giving 

motion. ^«. 

MO'TTO. /. [motto, Italian.] A fentencc 

added to a device, or prefixed to any thing 

written* Jddijon^ 

To MOV^. V. a, [moveo, Latin.] 

1. To put out of one place into another; 
to put in motion. Job, 

2. To give an impulfe to. Decay of Piety* 

3. To propofe ; to ibcommend. Dofvies^ 

4. To perfuade ; to prevail on the mind. 


5. To afFeftj to touch pathetically 5 to 
ftjr paflion. Shakej^re, 

6. To make angry. Shakefpeare, 
^ 7. To put into commotion. * Ruth, 

S. To conduct regularly in motion. 

To MOVE. V, n, 

1. To go from one place to another. 


2, To walk J to bear the body. Drjdem 

3, To go forward. Dtyden, 

4. To change the pofture of the/^dyin 
ceremony. Efther, 

MO'VEABLE. a, [from move,] 

1. Capable of being moved; sukhsed; 
portable. Addifon\ 

2. Changing the time of the year, Hiider, 
MOVEABLES. / [w/i^i!^, Fr.] CMn 

furnitnrej diftinguii^ed from wil'B*'- im- 
moveable poffeflions. Shakefpeare, 
MO'VEABLENESS. / [from mh'deM.] 
Mdiilityj foflibility to be m*ved; -, 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

M O U 


KlCyVEABLY. ad, [from moveable.'] ^o as 
it may be moved. Grew^ 

MO'VELESS. tf. Unmoved J not to be put 
out of the place, Bofie, 

JMOTEMENT. /. [mouvement, Frcncli.J 

1. Manner of moving. ^ Poj>e» 

2. Motion, 

MO'VENT. a, [movens, Latin.] Moving. 


MO'VENT./. Imovem, Lat.] That wl?ich 
moves another. Clanv'ille, 

MCVER./. [from nwve,'] 

X. The perfon or thing that gives motion* 

%, Something that moves, or f!ands not 
Aill. Vryden. 

3. A propofer* Bacon^ 

MO'VING. part. a. iPathetick; touch- 
ing I adapted to atfeA the paflions. 


MO'VINGLY. a. [from moving.] Paihe- 
dcally ; in fuch a manner as to feize the 
paflSons. JiddiJon» 

MDUGHT for might. 

MOULD. / \fnoegel, Swedifh.] 

I, A kind of concretion on the top or out- 
£de of things kept motionlefs and damp. 

a. Earth j foilj ground in. which any 
thing grows. Sandys, 

3. Matter ^f which any thing is made. 

4* The matrix in which any thing is caft 3 
in which any thing receives its form. 


5. Caft 5 form. Trior, 

6. The future or: contexture of the fkuU. 
To MOULD. V, >. {from the noun.] To 

contraft concreted matter 5 to gather mould. 

To MOULD, V, a. To cover with mouldy 

To MOULD. V, a, [from the nfun.] 
^ 1. To form j to ihape j to model. 


1* To knc9d : as, to moirA/ bread.- 

MOOILDABLE. a, [from mould,] What 

may be moulded. Bacon, 

MOULDER. /. [from mould.] He who 

To MCULDER. V. n. [from mould.] To be 
turned to duft g to penAi in dufL 


T^MOOJLDER. ni,a. [from mouU.] To 

turn to duft. Pope. 

MO'ULDINESS. /. [from mouldy.] The 

ftate of being mouldy. Bacon, 

MC/DLDING./. [horn mould.] Ornamental 

cavities in wood or ftone. Moxon, 

MO'ULDWARP, /. [mol1> and peoiipan, 

Saxon.J A mole; a ijnall animal that 

Itow8 u^ the carth4 BTaltm 

MO'ULDY. a, [from mould,] Overgrdwft 

with concretions. ' Addijon, 

To MOULT. V. n. [muytert^ Dutch.J Ta 
Ihed or change the feathers j to lofc fea- 
thers. Suekhng^ 
ToMOUNCH. 7 - ^ ct x^^ 
To MAUNCH. J ^'^- ^•^' Sbakeff^re. 
MOUND./, [mun'wan, Saxon, to defend.] 
Any thing raifed to fortify or defend. 

To MOUND. V. a. [from the noun,] Ta 

fortify with a mound. 
MOUNT./, [wow, Latin.] 

1. A mountain i a hill* Drydtmi 

2. An artificial hill raifed in a garden, or 
other place. Knoljes* 

3. A publick treafure ; a bank. Ba^on^ 
To MOUNT. V. n. [monter, French.] 

1. To rife on high. Sbakefpearu 

2. To tower j tb be built up to great ele- 
vation, yobm 

3. To get on horfeback. Sbahfpeare» 

4. [For amount,] To rife in value. Fepu 
To MOUNT, v.a. 

1. To raife aloft ; to lift On high. 


2. To afcend ; to climb. Vryden^ 

3. To place on horfeback. Drydenm 

4. To embelliih with ornaments. 

5. To Mount gifard. To do duty ind 
watch at any particular poft. 

6. To MotJNT a cannon. To fet a piec* 
on its wooden frame for the more eafy car* 
riage and management in firing it. 

MO'UNTAIN./. [montaigne, French.] A 

large hill 3 a vaft protuberance of the earth. 


MO'UNTAIN. a.[montanus, Latin.] Found 

on the mountains. Shakejpear*^ 

MOUNTAINE^ER./. Uxom mountain. y 

1. An inhabitant of the mountains. 

2m Afavagej a free booter 5 a ruftick. 


MO'UNTAINET. /. [from mountain.] A 

hillock. Sidnef 

MO'UNTAINOUS. a. [from mountain.} 

I. Hilly J full of mountains. Burpet^ 

%, Large as mountains i huge 3 bulky. 

. Prior^ 

3. Inhabiting mountains. Bacon* 

MO'UNTAINOUSNESS. /. [from moun-o 

tainoui,] State of being full of mountains, 


MO'UNTAIN -PARSLEY. /. [oreo[ennum, 

MO'UNTAIN-ROSE^ /. [cbamarhododat^ 

dront Latin.] A plant. 
MO'UNTAN T. a, {mntans^ Lat.] Rifin^ 
on high. Sbakijpeari*, 

MO'UNTEBANK,/.. [montart,in battco,ixs^ 

4>L 2, U A 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



1. A doctor that tnount* a bench ia thr 
market, and Voaftihis infallible remedi^ 
an4 cures. Budibrau 

2. Any boiftful ai^d f^fe pretender. 

' Shakefpean* 

To MO'UNTEBANK. v. a. [from the 
nouA.] To cheat by fi^fe boaft? or pre- 
tences. , Si(ikefpeare0 

MO'UNTENANCE. /• Amount of a thing. 


MOIJNTIR. /. [from wwnfj One that 
mounts. " Drayton, 

MO'UNTY./. [«w«/^, French.] The rifp 
of a hawk. * Sidnty, 

To MOURN. V. n, [mujinan, Saxon.] 
X, To grieve J to be forrowful. Bacon, 

a. To we*r the habit of forrow. Pope» 

3. To prefervc appearance of grief. 

2 Samuel, 
to MOURN. v»a, 

J. To grieve for ; to lament, J^dJifon, 
2. To utter in a forrowful manner. 


MOURTIE. /. [morney French.] The round 

end of a ftaff ; the part of a lance to which 

the fteel part is fixed. S't<^ty, 

Mb'URNER. /. [from mourn,'] 

2. One that mourns j one that grieves. 

' ' . Shak^peare, 

%, One who follows a funeral in black. 


3. Something ufed at funerals. Dryden* 
MO'URNFUL. a, [mourn 201^ full.] 

I, Having the appearance of forrow. 

^. Caufing forrov<r, Sbakefpeare, 

3. .Sorrowful J feeling forrow. Prior, 

4. Betokening forrow 5 cxpreflive of grief, 
' Sbakefpeare, 
MO'URNFULLY. ad* [from mournfal] 

Sorrowfully J with forrow. Sbakefpeare: 
MO'URNFULNESS./. [from mournful,] 
* - 1. Sorrow} grief. 

%. Show of grief J appearance of forrow* 
]trO'URNING. /. [from mourn,] 

' X. Lamentation ; forroW. 2 Efdras, 

' - 2. The dreft of forrow. . Dry den, 

J^O'URNlNGtY. adl [from mourningi] 
With the appearance pf forrowing. 

MOUSE, plural mice.f. [mnj-, Saxon.] The 
Ymalleft of all beails j a little animal haunt- 
ing houfes and corn fields. Derbam, 
•;ro MOUSE.' 1/, ». [from the noun.] To 
' 'catch mice. Sbakefpeare, 
MO'USEHUNT./. [maufe ^nA bunt.] Moxxf-, 
er^ one that hunts mice. Sbakefpeare, 
"J^iO'USE-HOLE. /. [moufed^ibole,] Small 
hole. ' Stiliivgfieet, 
tAOVS'EK.f [from meufe,] One that catches 
■ tiiice. Sivifi, 
MO'USETAIL. /. An herb. 

MO^SE-TRAP. /. [momfe ahd tre^;\ J| 
ihare or gin in ^which mice are taken. 

MOUTH. /. [mu«, Saxon.] * 

1. The aperture in the head of any animal 
at i^hich the food is received. Locke. 

2. The opening j that at which any thing 
enters; theenfrance. jirbuthn^. 

3. The inftrument of fpeaklngl 

^. A fpeaker; a rhetorician 3 the princi- 
pal orator. Addifot^ 
5. Cry J voice. Dryden\ 

0. piftdrtion of the mputh \ hivi face.' 

7. Down in the Mouth. Dejeftcd 5 
clouded. VEflrange, 

To MOUTff . v, n, [from the noun.] %^ 
fpeak big ; to fpeak in^' a Arong and loud 
voice; to 'vociferate. Addifon% 

To MOUTH. V. ^. 

1. To utter with a voice affefledly big. 


2. To chew ; to eat, , Sbakejpear^, 

3. To itizfi in the mouth. Drydertm 
4* To forna by the mouth. Brotun, 

MO'UTHED. a, [from mo«/^.] Fnrniihed 
with a mouth. Pope, 

MO'UTH-FRI^ND. /. [moutb znd friend.] ' 
One who profefles friendfhip without in- 
tending it. Sbakefpeare* 

MP'UTHFtJL. /. [momb and full, ] , 
X. What the mouth contains at once. 
2. Any proverbially fmall quantity. 


MOaJTH-HONOUR. /. [moutb and bo- 
neur,] Civility outwardl^r expreiled vdtl^out 
fincerity. Sbakefpeare,^ 

MO'UTHLESS. a, [from moutb.] Without 
a mouth. 

MOW. /. [mope, Saxon, a he;^.] A loft 
or chamber Where any hay lor corn is laid 
up. TuJferM 

To MO VST. V. a. preter. motoed, part. »otf»« 
[mapan, Saxon.] 

i. To cut with a fcythe. Spenfer* 

2, To cut down with fpeed and violence, - 


ToMOW. [from the noup.] To pu| 
in a mow. ' 

To MOW. V, n. To gather the harveft. 


MOW./. [mou%\TT,] Wry fnbuth ; diftor* 
ted face. Common Prayer, Sbakej^are* 

To MOW. 'tj, n, [from- the noun.] To 
make mouths 3 to di^ort the face. 

Afcham, " 

To MO'WBURN. v. n. [mow and burn,} ^ 
To ferment and heat in the mow for waftC ' ' 
of being dry. Mortimer^ ^ ^ 

MO'VlEK,f.'lfromntovf.] One lirho cuta 
with a fcythe." Sbake^ef^' 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



AfOOCA*/. An Indian mofs, ufed in the 

cure of the gout by burning it on the part 

aggrieved. Tempie, 

MO'YLE.yi A mule; an animal generated 

betweeii the horfe and the afs. 

Careuf, May, 

MUCH, a, [mucho, Spsinjih.] Large in 

quantity*^; long in timcj many in number. 


MUCH. ad. 

1. In a great degree ; b^ far, Heh, 

2. To a certain degree, l^rk, 

3. To a great degree. Baker, 

4. Often, orlon^. ^ranv\lle, 

5. Nearly, Temple, 
MUCH. Jt . ' ' f 

1. A great deal ; multitude in number '; 
abundance in quantity. Dryden, 

2. More than enough j a heavy fervice or 
fcurthcn, Milton, 

3. Any aflignable quantity or degree. 

4* -An uncommon ^ thing ; fomethiog 
ftrangi. Tillctjon, 

' 5. To make Much of. To treat with re- 
gard ; Ho fondle. ^ . Sidney, 
Much (ft one, of equal value; of equal 
influence. ' Dryden, 
MU'CHWHAT, M.^ [much and what.} 
Nearly. < jitter bury, 
MU'CHEL^tf. [fat muchly Otmickle I mycel, 
Saxon.] Much. Spenjer, 
}AV'ClD,/.lmuciduSfLzt,1 $limyi mufty, 
MU'CIDNESS./. [from mucid,} Sliminefs 5 
muftinefs. jiinfwortb, 
MU'CILAGE. /. [piuctlage, Frencfi.] A 
flimy or vifcous bodyj a body with moif-- 
ture fufficient to hold it together. Evelyn, 
MUCILA'GINOUS. a. [mucilagineuxyjr, 
from mucilage,'] Slimy; vifcous 5 ioSt. 
' iwjth fome dcgre? of tenacity. Grem, 
MUCILA'GINOUSNESS. /. *[from mucila-^ 

ginous,] Slimin^s; vifcoflty, 
MUCK./, [meox, Saxon.] 
3. Dung for manure of grounds. 

%, Anf thitig,'low, mean, and filthy. 

3* 70f»0tf Muck, fignifies, to run mad- 
ly and attack all that we meet. Dryden, 
To MUCK. V, a. To manure with muck ; 
toduilg. fnlf^r, 

MU'CKENDER. /. {moucboiry French.] A 
handkerchief. D^rfet, 

To MUCKER, v., n. To fcramble for mor 

ney ; to hoar^ uj). 
MU^KERER./. [from mucker.^ One that 

MUCKHILL./. Imucka^n^hiU,] A dung- 

hU. * 
MU'CKINESS./. [from mcky,1 N»ftincf«^ 

MIWKLE. a. [^ycel, Saxon.] M«ch. 
MU^CKSWEAT. /. Profufe fweat. 
KlU'CKWORM. /. [muck and wo,m,^ 

I. A worm that lives in dung. 

^. A inifer; a curmi^dgeon. Swifl* 

MU'CKY. a, [irom muck.} Nafty j filthy. , 

MU'COUS. a. [mucofus, Latin.] Slimy; 

vifcous. . BrxfTvn, 

MU'COUSNESS./. [from Bwc^jw.] Slime; 

MV'CKO, /. [Latia.] A pgint. Brmm. 
MU'CRONATED. ^.{w«fre, Latin.] Nar- 
rowed to a fharp point, Wwdioard^ 
NIU^CULENT. a, [from i»|*f<rf;, Lat.} Vift 

Coua; flimy. 
UU'CUS, J. [Latin.] Is mpft pt^pcrly afed 

for that which flows from the papillary 

proceflTes through th< os qribrilbrme inld 
[ the noihijs ; but Is alio ufed for any fli* 

my liquor or motiilure'. Arbutbn^tt 

MUD. /. [modderj Dutch,] The flime and 

uliginous matter at the bottom of ftill wa^ 

?er. - . Mdifin: 

To MUD. If, a. [fvom the noun.] 

I. To bury in the fiimc or mud. 1 


2i To make turbid ; to poUpte with dirt. 


MU'DDILY. y. [fromw»4^.] Turbidlyj 

, with foul mixture. Dryden^ 

MU'DDINESS. /. [from muddy,] Turbid- 

nefs; foulnefs caufed by mud, dregs, or 

fediment. Jiddifutm 

To MU'DDLE. v, ^. [from viud,] 

I . To make turbid 5 to foul. PrUr* 

z. To make half drunk ; to cloud or ftu. 

pify. A^butbnot^ 

MU'DDY. a, [from mud,] 

J. Turbid; foul with mtld. Sbahfpeare* 
' 2. Impure; dark; grofs. Sbak^l>eare* 

3. Soiled with mud. Vryden. 

4. Dark ; not bright. Swijh 

5. Cloudy; dull. Sbakcfpeare* 
ToMU'DDY. v. 4. [frotnw«i.] To make 

muddy ; to cloud ; to difturb. Grew* 

MU'DSUCKER. /. £i»«</and/«c*.] A fe« 

fowl, Derbamm 

MUDWAXL, /. [mud and ivalL] A wall 

built witl)Out mortar. ' South. 

l^UDWA'LLED. a.lmud and toall,] Having 

a mudwall. Priori 

To MUE. V, a. [muer^ Fr.] To moult; to 
* change feathers. 
MUFF./, [muff, Swftdiffi.] A foft cover 

for the hands in winter. Cleaveland, 

To MU'FFLE, V. a, 

1 , To cover from the weather. Dryden, 

2, To blindfold. Sbakefi>earei 

3, To conceal ;» to involve. Sandys* 
To MU'FFLE. v.' «. [maffeleu, moffflen^ 

putch<] To fpeak inwardly ; to fp^' 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

MU L' 


without dear ani itfttnQ turflculation. 

^. Holder, 

MU'FFLER./. [frwn mkfflcl 

I. A cover Ibr the face. Arbutbnot, 

• ' ^. A part of a woflian*^ drcfs by which "the 

face was covened* Sbakefpeare, 

MUFTI. /. [a Turkifli word.] The high 

prieft of the Mahofneuat. 
MUG. /. A cup to drink in. Gay. 

MU'GGV. ? 41. [a eant word.] Moiftj 
MU'GGlSH.i damp; mould. Mortimer, 
MU^C^OUSE. f. [ikug and bcufe,} An 

a^hoofe : ^ low houlc of entertainment. 

MU'OHNT. tf. Imugient, Latin. J Bellow- 

ing. • Brcnvn, 

fiWLjf^nX), f, [SpaniA.] One begot be- 
tween a white and black; 
MU'fc^ERRV. 7 . r„«^K^,^ ^„ 1 
MUtBERRY tree. J ^' t^on^ej^S, Sax.] 

MULCT./. [i»«/<fffl/Latin.] A fine j a pe- 
nalty : ufed coinmonly of pecuniary penal- 
ty. Dryden. 
To MULCT. V. a, [mulao, Latin.] To p^r 
nifli with fine or forfeiture, Bacoti, 
. MULE. /. [vfule^ Fr. mula, Lat.] An animal 
' '^e^rated between a he afs and a mare, or 
fometimes between a horfe and a fhe afs. 

MULETE'ER./. i;w»/rtjV, French.] Mule- 
driver j horfe -boy. Sbakeffe^rem 
MULIE'BRITY. JC [mulkiris, Latin.J Wo- 

manhood j the contrary to virility. 
To MULL. V. a* [moJIitus, Latin. J 

s. To ibften^ as wine when burnt and 
' ^eetened. ' Sbakejpeare, 

«. To hea^ any Hquor, and fwecten aind 
fpice it. Gay, 

MU'LLAR. /. [moukury French.] A ftone 
held in the hand with which any powder 
is ground upon a horizon^ (lone. 

MULLE'IN./. [verbafcum, Latin.] A plant. 

MUXLET./. \mJlu5y Frtnch.] A fea fiA. 

MULLPCiRUBS. /. Twifting of the guts. 

MU'LLOCK. /. RubVOh. jihfwor/b. 

MULSE. /. Wine boiled and mingled with 
honey. DIB, 

MULTA'NGULAR. tf. [multus ind angulus, 
Latin;] Many cornered | having many cor- 
ners: polygonal. 
MULTA'NbULARLY. ad. [from multan^ 
gotar,"] Polygonally ; with miany corners. 

MULTA'NGULAlllf E^./. [from muffan- 

^far,] The ftate of being polygonal, 
MULTICA'PJSULAR. a, [multut zn6 caffu- 
/<t, Latin.] Divided into s^y partltioas 
•r ceUi. 

MULTICA'VOtJS: 'a. {mulm a^d aavus, 

Latin.] Full of holes. 
MULtlFA'RIOUS. a, [mMltifariuf, Lat] 

Having great multiplicity ^ having difFcreut 

rcfpedlis. More, Evelyn, 

MULTIFARIOUSLY, ^d, [from wJ/^a- 
' rhus.'J With multiplicity. ' BentJcy* 

MULTIFA'RIOUSNESS./. [from muU'tfa- 

r\ouu'\ Miiltiplied diverfity. . Jt^or^is, 

MULTmDOUS.. a, [nmlfifidus, Latin.J 

Haying many partitions j cleft into many 

branches. ' Brown, 

MU'LTIFORM. a: \muItiformis^ ^tin.] 

Having various ihapes or appearances. 

MULTIFQ<RMITY. /. ^multiformis, Lat.] 

Diverfity of .ihapes or appearances fubiill^g 

in the fame thing. 
MULTILA'TERAL. a. [multus and Jatera* 

lis, Latin.] Having many 6des. 
MULTl'LOQUOUS. a. [mukilo^uus, Lat.] 

Very talkative. 
MULTIN(yMINAL. a. [muhus apd n9men, 
' Latin.] Haying many names, 
MULTITAROUS. /. [multipara, Latin.] 
' Brineinjg many at a birth. Brovuh 

MULTIPET)E. /. [vutltipeda, Latin.] Aa 

infeA with many feet. -^^ 

MU'LTIPLE. a, [multiplex^ Latin.] A term 

in arithmetick, when one number contaiaa 

another feveral times : aa, nine is the mul' 

tipk of three, containing it three times* 
MU'[«i^///>/i/iWtf,Fr. from 

in»//i//y.] Capable of being multiplied. 
MULTIPLl'ABLENESS./. [from muUipUe 

ahlej] Capacity of being multiplied. 
MULTIPLICA'BLE. a. f from muitifncp, 

Latin.] Capable of being arithmeticaUi 

MULTIPLICA'ND./, [mltjprtcandas, Lat.] 

The number to be nauitiplied in arithme^ 

tick. ' Cocker, 

MULflPLICATE. /. [from mub'^U», 

Latin.] Confifting of more than one. 

MULTIPLICA'TION. /. [mltifliMm, 


1. The Z&. of multiplying or increa£ng|]iy 
nuniber by addition or produ^on of fliore 

' of the fame kind. Brtam* 

2. [In arithmetick.] The increafing of 
any one number by another, fa often a* 
there are units in that number^ by which 
the one is increaied. Cocktr, 

MULTIPLICA'TGR. /. [from muitiplico, 
Latin.] The number by which ^another 
number is multiplied. 

MULTIPLICITY./, [mmkiplkit/, French.? 
1 . More than one of the (ame kind. Svttif' 
s. State of being many. Bryden* 

MULTIPLI'CIOUS. /. Imul/iplejc^ Ux»*l 

Digitized by VjOQQIC 



MULTIPLFSIL /. [ten «>«&//^.] 
x« On? who multipiks or increa&fl the 
number of aay thing, i}ictfjf (f Piety ^ 

a* The muldplicator ia arithmetick. 


'to- llfUMM. tr. a, Xtmmme, Daniili.] To 

. maik f to frolick in di%uire. Sfenftr. 

MU^MMER./. [mumm, Daniffa.] Ama&« 

cr ; one who performs frolicks in a perfo* 

aated drefs. Miltoti* 

To MU'LTIPLY. 4f. a^ [nutltipReo, Latin.] MU'MMERY,/. [mmerie, French.] Malk- 

' !• To increa£r in number ; to make moie 
hy generation^ ^ccumokuion^ oc addition* 

s.' Tb perform the procefs of arithmetical 

imtkipHcattoo. Brown, 


X. To grow in number, Witiam, 

s« To inoreafe themfisWes. SkikeHteare, 
MULTFPOTENT. a. [nukus and /)or«vi, 

Latui.] Having manifold power. Sbakefp, 
MULTIFRE'SENCE. /. [multus and pra- 

Jentia^ LaUn.] The power or ad of being 
- prefent in more places than one at the fame 

tine. Hall. 

ifig \ ffoliek in maiks | foolery. ^ Bocottm 
MU^MMY. /• [mumie^ Fr. mumea, Latin j 

from the Arabick.] 

' X* A dead body preferred by the Egyptian 

art of embalming^ Bacon* 

2. Mtttiwy is ufed among gardeners for a 

fort of wax ufed in the planting and graft- 

• ing of trees. Cbambertm 

To MUMP. V, a, Tmompelirt, Dutch.] 

X. To nibble; to bite quick; to chew with 

a continued motion, Otwajm 

2. To talk low and quick. 

3. [In cant language.] To go a begging, 
MU'MPER./. A beggar. 

MULTFSCIOUS. a. [mukifcms, Utin.} MUMPS./. [m«i»^r&«, Dutch.] 

Having variety of knowledge. 
MULTISILrQUOUS. a. [multutzn^JHi^ua, 

Latin.J The (ame with cornicul»te : ufed 

of plants, whofe feed is contained in many 

Miu£t fefcd veiVas. 
MU'LTITUDE. /. [multttudo, Latin.] 

lilent anger. 
MUMPS. /. The fquinancy. 
To MUNCH. V. a. [mangtr, Fi 

chew by great mouthfuls. 
To MUNCH, 'v, n. To ckew 

great mouthfuls. 

I. I'hc ftate of being manyj the ftate of MU'NCHER. /. [from Muncb,'] 

. being more tban one, 
B. Nua>ber; many; more than one. Ha/e. 

3. A great number^ loofely and indefinite- 
ly. Pf'am. 

4. 'A crowd or throng ; the vulgar. Addijon, 
MULTITU^DINOUS. a. [from multitude.} 

X. Having the appearance of a multitude. 


I. Manifold. Sbakefpeare, 

MULTi'VAGANT. 7 a.[multh;agus, Lat.] 

MULTI'VAGOUS. J That wander* or 

ftrays much abroad. 
MULTI'-VIOUS. a. [mubus and 'o'ta, Lat.] 

Having many ways ; manifold. 
MULTO'CULAR./ a, [muUus and oculus^ 
Latin.] Having more eyes than two. 

Mum. InterjeB. A word denoting prohibi- 
tion to fpeak; fUence; huA. Hudihras, 
MUM./, \mummei German.] Ale brewed 
Widi wheat. Mortipur* 

ToMU^MBLE. v, n, [mompelen, Dutch.] 
I.' To fpeak inwardly ; to grumble ; to 
flWtter. Sbakefpeare, 

ft. To chew; to bite foftly. Dryden^ 

ToMU'MBLE. v. i». 

It To atter with a low inarticulate voice. 

t* To mouth gently. Fcpe. 

1# To Hubber over ; to fupprefs ; to utter 
irtipferfeaay. Dryden. 

MU'MBLER. /. [from Mumhle^l One that 
l)>eaka inarticulately $ amutterer. 
'UVUELIHGLY. ad. [from mumbring.} 
With inaftjculate utfiecance« 


MUND. /. Peace, from which our lawyers 
call a breach of the peace, mundhrecb : fo 
Eadmund is happy peace; i£thelmund> 
noble peace; ^Imund, all peace, Gihfon^ 
MUNDA'NE. a, [mundanus, Lat.] Belong- 
ing to the world. Glamjille, 
MUNDATION. /. [mundut, Utin.] The 

aft of cleanfing. ' 
MUNDA'TORY. a. [from mundMiy Lat.] 

Having the power to deanfe. 
MU'NDlCK.jf. A kind of marcafitc or fc- 

mimetal found in tin mines. 

MUNDIFICATION. /. {muniut and/tfoV^ 

Latin.] Cleanfing any body^ S^uincy. 

MUNDI'FICATIVE. a. [mundusanAfacio, 

Latin.] Cleanfing ; having the power to 

deanfe. Bn*tvn^ 

To MU'NDIFY. v. a. [mundut and faM, 

Latin.] To cleanfe ; to make clean. 

MUNDI'VAGANT. a, [mtmdpvagus, Lat. J 

Wandering through the world, 
MUNDU'NGUS./. Stinking tobacco. Seiiey. 
MU'NERARY. a. [from munus, Latin.] 

Having the nature of a gift. 
MU^GKEL. /. Any thing generated be- 
twer n different kinds ; any thing pactakio|^ 
of the qualities of different canfes or pa- 
rents. Sbakejpeare, 
MU^OREL. a. Generated between diffe* 
rent natures; bafe-born; degenerate. 


MUNICIPAL, a, \mmmcipalU^ Utin J Be- 

longing to a corporation* Dryden. 

3 MUNI'. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


M us 

MUNI'TION. /. [munltto, Latin.] 

y. Fortification J ftrong hold. Hale, 

a. Ammunition ; materials for war. Ftffr/; 
HU'NNION. /. Munniotis arc the upright 

pofli^ that divide the lights ia a window 

frame. . ,Mox»n» 

JIU'RAGE. /. [from wtfrw, Lat.] Money 

paid to keep walls in repair. 
IdU^RAL. a, [muralis, Lat.] Pertaining to a 

walh Evelyn, 

MU'RDER./.[mo|i«op, Saxon.] The aft 

ef killing a man unlawfully. Hbakejpeare, 
To MU'RDER. v, a, [from the noun.] 

1. To kill a man unlawfully. Dryien^ 

2. To d^ftroy j to put an end to. 


HU'RDERER./. [fromwar^fcr.] One who 
hds ihed human blood unlawfully. Sidney, 

idU'RDERESS./. [from murderer,] A wo- 
man that commits murder. Dryden, 

MU'RDERMEt^T. /. [from mttrder.\ The 
z6t of killing unlawfully. 

MU'RDEROUS. a. Bloody; guilty of mur- 
der. ■ Hhakefpefre, Priofi 

MURE. /. f«ar, Fr. murusy Lac] A wall. 
Not in ufe. Sbakefpeare, 

To MURE. V. a. To indofe in walU. 


MU'RENGER./. [warw, Latin.] An over* 
feer of a wall. 

MURIA'TICK. a. Partaking of the tafte 
or nature of brine. ArbutbnoU 

miKK.f, [mork, Daniih] Darknefs} want 
of light. Sbakefpeare, 

J14URK. /. Hufks of fruit. Ainf'wonb. 

MU'RKY. a, [morck, Daniih.] Dark 5 
cloudy ; wanting light. Atdifon, 

MU'RMUR. /. [murmury Latin.J 

I. A low flirill noife. Pope, 

%, A complaint half fuppreiTed. Dryden, 

To MU'RMUR. V, n, [mumturo, Latin,] 
X. To ^ive alow fhrill found. Pspe* 

a. To grumble ; to utter fecret difeoptent* 


MU'RMURER. /. [from murmur,] One 
who repines ; a grumbler ; a repim r. 

Government of tbe'longue, Blackmore, 

MU'RNIVAL. /. Four cards. 

MU'RRAIN. /. The plague in cattle. 


MURRE./. AkiAdofbird» Carew. 

fronixMTO) a moor.] Darkly red* Bofiti 

MU'RRlONi/. [often writtcfi «<^io«.] A 

helmet^ a caifque; .^ Khf^, 

MURTH of Corn, f. Plenty of gwin. 

MU'SCADEL. 7 a; [mufiat, mufcadel, Fr; 

MU'SCADINE. J mofcatelh^ Italian.] A 

.kind of fweet gcape^ fweet wine and i^€ct 

. pear; 

MU^SCLE./; [mufcky Fr. mfiultkiy Latim] 

1. Mufcle is a bundle of thin and parallel 
plates of flefliy threads or- fibres^ inclofed by 
4>ne common membrane: all the fibres of 
the fame plate are parallel to one another, 
a/id tied together at extremely little dif-f' 
taotes by ihort and tranfverfe fibres : the 
flefiiy fibres ate compofed of other fmalier- 
fibres, incloied likewife by a common menq- 
hrane: each leffer fibre confifts of very 
fmall vefides or bladders, into which we 
fuppdfe the veini, arteries and nerves to 
open. ^tMcyrn 

2. A bivalve ihell fiih. HakewiUi 
MUSCO'SITY./. [mufcofus^ Utin.] Moffi- 

MU'SCULAR. a, [from mufcuius, Latin.] 

Performed by mtiicles. Arbutbnoti 

MUSCULA^RITY./. [from mufiuler.] The 

ftate of having mufcles. Grewi 

MU'SCULOUS. a, [mufcuieme,^ Fr. mufcuh^ 

fus, Latin,] 

1. Full of mufcles ; brawny, 

9. Pertaining to a mufcle; Mdtei 

MUSE./, [from the verb.] 

X. Deep thought { dofc attent^n ; abfence 
of mind. Mi/ton, 

2. The power \)f poetry. Cowkya 
To MUSE. V. «. [mufery French.] 

I.. To ponder y to think dofe ^ to ftudy in* 
filence. - Hooker^ 

2. Tobeabfentofmind, Sbakefpeare^ ^ 

3. To wonder 5 to be amazed. Sbakefp^ 
MU'SEFUL. a, [from mufe,^ Deep thinking.' 

MU'SER./. [frommufe,] Oncwhomufcsj 

one apt to be abfent of mind. 
MU'SE T./. [in hunting.] The place through 
which the hare goes to relief. Bailey: 

MU'SEUM. /. [|utf(rib».] A repofitory of 

learned curigfities. 
MU'SHROOM./. [moufcberony French.} 
.1. Mufhrooms are by curious naturalift« eA 
. teemed perfcft plants, though their flowers' 
and feeds have not as yet been difcovered. 


2. An upftart ; a wretch rifeh from the 

dunghill. Pacwi 

MU'SHROOMSTONE. /. [mujbroom and 

flone.] A kind of foffil. 
MU'SICK. /. [p^HffiKl] 

1 . The fcience of harmonical founds. ^ 


a. . Inftrumcutal pr vocal htnnoDy. Milm: 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 


M U T 

'MirmCAU tf. lm^baf,^r. from mwfick.l 
I. Harmonious 5 inel«dibos| fw«ct round- 
ing* MiUoH, 
•«. Belonging tomuficiiE. Mdifin, 
MU'SICALLY. 0d. [from muJkaL'] Har. 
nM>iiioii%; with fweet foand. AMfon, 
MUfSfOALN£S& /. [(torn mujkai.'i Har- 
- nosy. 

MUSi'ClAN. /. [muficus, Latin.! Oite flcil- 

iei} in i^armofiy | one who pem>rai8 upon 

inftruments of mufick. Bacon, 

MUSK./. [mufcMo, luliin ; imr/ir, Frenek.] 

ilf»/ft is adry^ light and friable fnbibnee'of 

a dark 1>]aokiih coloar, with fomt tinge of 

a purplifli or blood colour in tt^ feeling 

ibmewhat ikt^ootii onui^buxis : its fmell is 

ki^ly. pccfanned s it is brooght from the 

£aft Indies : the animaJ which produces it 

is of the fize of a common goat. BilL 

MUSK. /. [nwfca, Latin.] Grape hyacinth 

or grape flower. AftUer, 

MU'SKAPPLE. /. A kind of apple. 

MU'SKCAT. /. [iw/land«/.] The ani- 
mal from which muik it got. 
MU'SKCHERRY. /. A fort of cherry, 
MUSKET./. r«i/f«e/, French.] 
J, A ibldier^s handgun. - Sacori, 

s. Altaic hawk of a fmallkind. Shake^. 
mSSKETZ^ER,/. [frommx/^rr.J Afoldier 
w^ofe wefpoh is his muiket, Gargrtdojt, 
MUSKETCyON;/, lm6ufytuion,¥nnch.] A 

Uunderbufs $ a fhort guh of a large bore. 
MUrsklNESS. /. [from mu/k.] The fceUt 

of mu^. 
MUSKME^LON. /. [mu/k and mehn,] A 
fragrant melon. Baeon, 

MUtSICPEAll. /. [nm/i aod^M/.] A fra* 

grant pear, 
MU'SKKOSE. /. [tniffi and rpje.] A rok 
ib'CaUedy I fuppofe, from its tragraace« 

Bacon, Milton. Beyle, 

MU'SKY. a. [fromaiv/.] Fragrant ; fweet 

of fcent. MtUon, 

MU'SLIN. /. A fine fluff made of cotton. 

MiPSKOL. f, [muferele^ French.] The nofe- 
band of a horie*s bridle. Bailey. 

MUSS. /. A fcramWe. Shakeffeare. 

MUSSlTAnriON. /. [«i#f^ Lai.] Mur- 
mur.; grumble. 

MU'SSULMAN./* A Mahometan bcHerer. 

Mmr. tm-bhnftrfka, [iii«^«, Dutch.] To 
be obliged. It is only ufed before a verb* 
Miujf is of all perfons and.tenfcs^ and ufed 
of peribns and things. Grew* 

MUST./. [imr/}MRr>.Latin.] New wine $. new 
wort. ■ Dryden, 

To MUST. v.*. [JSW5, "Welfli, fUnking.] 

■ To mould ) to make mouldy. Mortimer^ 

ToMUST. V. ir. To grovTfnooldy. 

MUSTA'CHBS. /. [mujiacbei, Fr.] Whiik- 
ersf hair on the upper lip. SfJ^*r^ 

MV'STAKD,/. [mmfjiardf Wehb; nnmfiar^^ 
French.] A plant. The flower confifts of 
four leaves, which are placed in fbrm of a 
crefh Swift, 

To MV'STER. v. n. To aflemble in order to 
form an army. Blackmore* 

To MU'STER. V. a, [moufteren, Dutch.] 
X. To review fortes. Laci** 

s. To bring together. Sbakefp, TFoodio. 

MU'STBR. /. [from the verb.] 

1. A review of a body of forces. B, Johnf. 

2. A regifterof forcesmuftered. South. 
3* Acoile£Uon: as, a «ii^«r of peacocks. 
4. Ta/^yi MvsTEt. To be allowed. 


MV'STZKBOOK,f,[mu/leruahook.] A 
bo6k in which the forces are regiilered. 


MU'STERMASTER./. [muflernn^mafier,} 
One who fuperintends the mufter to pre- 
vent frauds. Kno!l»m 

MU'STER.ROLL. /. [mufter and roll.] A 
regifler of forces. Pope, 

MU'STILY. ad, [from mitfty.\ Mouldily. 

MU'aTlNESS. /. [from mufij.] Mould j 
damp foulnefs, EveJynt 

MU'STY. a, [fifom mufl,] 

. x. Mouldy ) ipoiled with damp \ moift and 
fetid. Eiacon, 

%, 5rak ; fpoiled with age. Barney. 

3 Vapid with fetidncft. ^ Pope, 

4, Dull; heavy; wanting a£bivi ty; want- 
ing pradtict in the occurrences of life. 

/ Mdifitt. 

MUTABILITY. /. [mutabilit€\ French.] 
I. Changeableoeft J not continuance in tna 
fameftate. Hooker, Suckling, Stilllngfleet, 
ft. Inconftancy ; change of mind. Sbakefp. 

MU'TABLE. a, [mutakilis, Utin.] 

I. Subjed to change ; alterable. South* 
1, Inconftant; unfettledL Shakefp, Mflt, 

MU'TABLENESS. /. [from mutabh.\ 
Changeablenefs ; uncertainty. 

MUTA'TION. /. [mutation, French ; mur 
tatio, Latin.] Change; alteration. Bacon. 

MUTE. a. [muet, Fr. mutksy Latia.] Silent j 
not Tocal ; not having the ufe of voice. 


MUTE. /. 

I. One thajt hat no power of fpeech. 

' SbakefpearCd 
1. A letter which can make bo found. 


To MUTE. V. r. [mutir, Ftencb.] To dung 
as birds. ^06. 

MV'TELY. iwf» [from star*.] Silently; not 
vocally. Miltotlm 

ToMU'TILATE v, a. [ J»r«#i2fr, French ; 
tnutilo, Lat^n.J To deprive of fbme effentiai 
part. Addifon. 

MUTILATION. /. [i«ir/r/tft/«f,Fr, mutila* 

tio, Latin.] Deprivation of a limb} or any 

e&ntial part. Clarendon, 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 


M y R 

Ml/^riKE. 7. [mthy f rcacb.} A nwtl^ee. 

MtrriNE'ER./. [ftw» l*iif/is Frtjnch.] A 
mover of fcdition. Oryden, 

MIKTINOUS* <i^ £iifirft«4 Ffeli«!kJ S«di- 
- tious: bttfy in infurre^tion : turknknt. 

MIKTINOUSLY. ad, Jfr^m <iwi/iii(w«.] 5e^ 

rfitiouftrj turbulcnOy. Sidney, 

MUTIN'oUSNESS./. (from w«ri«o«.J^* 

ditioirfticfe ; turlbulence. 

To MU'TINY. V. «. {muttwer, Fftach.] To 

rife a^nft xuthbriiyj to c^e infunec. 

tron. t . . ■ . S$^b. 

MU'TINY. /. [from the verb.] Infurrcc- 

■ tionj feditfon. ' TimfU% 

To MUTTER. V, n, [iMuffH Latiji.] To 

* grumble ; to myrmur* Burton. Dryden, 

\ To MUTTER. V. a, to otter with irth- 

\ perfect artkultrtioR. OetcL 

KJU'lTER. /. [from the verb.] Murmur j 

- bbfojrc atteraoce, JIfiiton* 

MU'TTERER./. [from ikute^r,] Grumbkrj 

mormurer. ^ 

MU'TTERINGLY.' #</. [itomnrntterlngJ] 

With a low voice. 
MU'TTON./. fwoirrtif, Frtock.] 

J. Thefle/Iioflheetxirefl^dforCood. ^w/^. 
«. A (ktcf : now only in ludicrous lan- 
guage. Mafward, 
MUTTONFl'ST. /. [mutton am) Jl/.] . A 
' hand large and red. ^ryden, 
MU^TItaL. n, [mutuel^ French.] Reci|>ro. 
eal ; each a^ing in return or correfpond- 
encc to the other. Pope* 
Mutually, ad, [hom mutual,] Recipro- 
cally; in return. Newton, 
MUTUA'LITY./. [from mnfaL'] Rtcipro- 
cation. ^ Shakejpenrt% 
MU'ZZLE. /. [mufoau, French,] 

I. The mouth of any thing* Sidney, 

s, A faftening for the mouth, which hin- 
ders to bite. J^ryden, 
To MU'ZZLE. tf. n. To bring die mouth 
near. VEfirange, 
To MU'ZZLE V. tf. 

I. To bind them'>oth. Dfyden, 

%, To fondle with the mouth dofe. 

MY. pronoun fopj/he, Beknfing Uh tnck 

MY'NCHEN./. [n^hen^ Saxon.] A mm. 

MY'OGRAPHY./. fftt/iyf*^/*.] A deftrip- 

tion of the mufcles. 
MV'OLOGY.;/. [mydogU^ Ftencb.J Th« 
defcription and doftrine of the mukrlef « 

MY'OPY. /. Short»efa of fi^U 
MY'RIAD. /. [fiuVwf.J 

1. The number of ten thooland. 

2. Proverbially any great number. Mikon, 
MV'RMiDON. /. [y,yifAT:im\y An^ i%de 

M Y S 

Mnn ; fo aalAfld 64m tlM (tiUgkn #f 
Achillas. , Swpift, 

MYAO'BALAN. /. [myrohalanus, Utin.] 
A ^it. The jipiMxif J are a dried firuir, 
tf^vifhtch we have fiv< kinda'x they ife 
fleiky, geoerally with m ilonf and kernel, 
having the pnlpyi part mom or iefr of an 
auftere aerid tafte : they are the produc- 
tion of five difteredt txieea gMwInc in the 
£aft Indite*, where they ace caieo pfefcnr. 
ed- . . MiiL 

MYROKPOLIST. /. [fmfo, >n4 a*x4a».] 

' 0a«^whoirlk nsfiienta.. 

^YRRH. /. [myrrba, Latin.] Jl^Jk is a 
.^tgetghle pBwhiA of tshe fum rffinkind, 
Cent f tts in kwfe.gruiidiea &eai tke fiae of 

. a pcppfv oorm to that of a wnbmt, 9$ a fed- 

' . dift teown colour, with mote or kik of an 
admixture of ycUoMr: it* tafte is hitler and 

• aoridy with a pccadiar aromatick fUvooc, 

. hat very naufeous : iu (meU is Aroofr, but 
not difagroeable t k is broagitt fi»m Ethi^ 

r* , bet the tree which produces it is whol- 
onknqw*. iB/L 

MY'RRHINE. a. \n^bytm, Lat.] Made 
of themyrrhinciloap. MiAon. 

MY'RTIFORM^ /. fayrt#j,Lat.endyirfa.J 
Having the ibape of myrtle. 

MY^RTLE. jC [myrtvt, Latim] A fraoant 

. tree. SiM^ 

MYSEft^. /. [eryand/e^.] Aacm^haticU 

. word added «»/; at,, I vi^U do ir^ that 
is, not; 1 by prony ; not aaodunw Simiefp, 

MYSTAGQ'fiUE. /. [f;^v<Fwymfl;.l dtoe 
who interprets divine myfteriea; aMb one 

/ who keeps ckuMh^Ufkay'ah^iiawi than 
to Grangers. 

MYSTE?HiARCH. /. l^v^^ ind if^i.] 
One prefiding over myfteries.. 

MYSTB'RIOUS, #. [m^triinm, Reach.] 
I. Uacceflible to the imdcrftaodinf ; aw- 
lelJy oUbure. Dtaham, 

t. Artfeliy perplexed* Swj/L 

AtYSTE'RIOUSLY. nd. promn^iom.} 
I. laa manner above nikleribMltig. 
%j Obfcurely j enigmatically. Tay/or, 

MY&TBTllOffSNBSS./. ffx^m-arj^wi*] 
I. Holy obfcurity. - Te^cr. 

z«^ Artful difficulty or pfrploxity. 

ToMY'STERIZE. «, i^. [Jrom a^^t^^k] 
To explain as enigmas. Bn^wn* 

MY'STERY. /; (f.u^«>P».] 

I. &»iething above faomaa M«BUtgMC«} 
Ibmething awfully obfcuva. Tt^^r, 

%, An tntgme f any thing art&ily om^^ 
diflicnlt. ShMpmre. 

3. A trade; a calliAf.s |n.tius Seft^ 
4iouSd, according to Warburton^ be writr 
ten m^fitry^ from asrtfcV, French, a titda* 

MY'STICAL. 7 r ni ,*j« 1 

•9t'|focredlyohfa»f» *Ww« 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


Hi Y T 

%, Invrfvihg lome fccret meaning j enfi!>Ie- 
matical. Taylor, 

3. X)brcure| fccret. t>ridin, 

MY'STICALLV. ad. ffrom myfiicaL] In 
a noanner^ 6r by an a^> implyiAg fome fe- 
cret meaniag. ^ctine. 

voiution of (6a\t ft^eret meanihg,' ' 
MyXHOLO'GlCAL. a. [from rAythoIm.'] 
\ 10 the explication 6f fabujduiiii- 

kelating t 


MYTMOI-e^IC ALLY. atf. [from mjfkU- 

I'lcal.'] In a manner fuiuble to the fyftem 

of fable?. 
MYTHO'LOGIST./ [from mytb9logy.] A 

relator or ckpofitor of the ancient fables rf" 

the heathcnji. Owi. iVo/ric 

To MYTHO'LOGIZB. ♦. «. [fiomi»fjr/i>o. 

/c^.] To relate or eiplain the fabutoui 

hiftpry of t^e heathens. 
MYTHO^LOOY. /. [^'»#* tnd My^-.l 

Sjilem of fableii Jt«#^. 


N A K 

NA temivbwel, has in ^ngliih an in- 
variable found I M8,9Q^ nami, tut ; 
9 it, i» fometunes after 91 ^anoft lo^,| 
as, ■^endemn^i§»ntm9» , 
to 1>JXB. w. fl. ]^»tf/^, Swediih.] T« c^tch 

-anexi>«£led||{v«, >^ 

NA'DIIU P [Arahick.] The point under 

foot directly O|m9fit^0A|ie«tnith4 , Creech, 

KaFF. /; A lwn4 of tufied fea bird. 

KA(f . ^ -t«^'> Dutch.] A froall horfe.^ A 

. horl« in (aoDliarJaa^iiage. ^'^^f 

KAU- /. [nofji; Saxon. J . ' , 

I. The poryy ,fnhft^;iee at tl>e endft eC ikf 

fingers and toes. Prydtn, 

z« The uh»n4 of hirde and biaftt. • <r 

3. A fpike of xne^l by which thlogs are 
faftened* tofctherr ^ .^ 

4. A Aud J a bofe* . 

5. A kindof meaTure'j two inches and a 
nuarter^ > ' j 
t. On the naih KeadUy | immediately ; 
without dday. Sw'rf't* 

Toenail, v. «. 

1, To faften with nails. . .MtTton^ 

2, To flud with hdls. . Drvden. 
Ka^IUR. /. IfrAm fftfi/.] ArnaU^faaker. 
NAOtEt). 4U, fnacc^, Saxon.] 

H Wanting^ ck>the8 } uncovered ^ 2>are» 

2. Uaamicd^ieffiP^l^Si unproyiied. 

j. Plaiq ; evident ^ not hidden, ^bmk^, 
4. Mere ^ finople ; abftraJ^td, HtfoArr. 
liA*lCBDLY. fli. . 

1. WithQiit (9\erv)g* 

2. Simply ; rocreTy, HJiSer^ 

3. D^coverably ; evidently. Dan'ieh 
KaOCEDNESS. /. [from mjW.] , 

),Sk Vttdityj want of covering. ■ JPIltu)H% 


i. Want of provifion for def^e. dn* 
3. Plainneisj evidence ) want of conceal- 
■ merit. ' " Shdktf^isfk 

NAME./, fnama, SiJton.] ' 

J . Th J-^iMriminati^ appellation of an inr 
dividual. *- ' ^ Sbahefpeate^ 

, -2. The term by which any li>ecies is dif-* 
tlngniihed. . , 

>.Perfon. ;^ jt . , . XhyiiH, 

4^ Reputation s dian£^er« . 

Renown j Mri^ ; delebrity. BdcM. 

\* fower delegated. JSh^c^ru 

7. FiaitfcJ\5s* reputation. Dryden. 

i. Appearance : not reality. Shake^0rj;0 

^. Anop|«t%i)oU8appdlatlon. QstiPOilU, 

To NAME. V. tf. . 

J. To dikrHixinatfrby ii particular ap»eKar« 
tion. Shakejptare, 

2. To Aiention ^ name. Ettluf. 

3. To fpccify ; to ftofnJnate. L$tke, 

4. To utter ; to mention. Otn^fi^^ 
WA'MELES^. <?. (frdw name.'] 

1. Not diftinjsniihjBd by. any jifcriq^tnatiyje 
i^pellatioii. Dtnhfiitt, 

, %. One of which thti toxtt is not kno^t^ 

3. Not famous. 
NA'MtLY. ad\ [from riamiA Partkotartyi 

fpccially, HoSktr, jiddifi^ 

NA'MER./. [fromwifwe.] One who caJft 
, any i^ h'adfie. 
NA^il^SAKE. /. One thai has the fame 

nante with another. AdJ^n* 

NAP. /*. [hnocppan, Sa^on.] 

J. sluiftb^r ; a fhort flecp. Sidney* 

2. [hnopf a^ Saxon.] Down j villous fob* 
ftancc, Spfnfcf, 

To NAP. V. a, [hnteppan,$a<on.] To (l^p . 

to be drOwfy or fecure. Hudihau Cartv»* 

4 M 2 NAP£* 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


N A-T' 

NAFE. /. Tk« joint of *^« "^^^ behind. 

, . Bacon, 

NA'PERV. / [«tf/wtf, Italian.] Table- 

NA'PHEW. A [napus, Latin.] An herb. 

NA'PHTHA. /. [naphtha y Latin.] Naphtha 
is a very pure, clear, and tthin mineral 
fluid, of a very paJe yellow, with a caft of 
brown in it. It is foft and oily ^ to the 
touch, of a iharp and unpleafing tafte, and 

. of a brifk and penetrating fmell -y of the 
bituminobs kind. It is extremely ready to 
take fire. It is principally ufed externally 
in paralytick caft^s. 

^A'PPiNESS./* [itom nappy. 1 Xhcqtiality 
of haring tna{(. • ., 

NA'PKIN. /. [from m^.] 

I. Clothes uled at table to wipe the hands. 


». A hanxJkerchief. Obfolete. Sbakefp^ 

NA'PLESS. <2. [from iMT^.J Wanting n^f 
threadbar^. Shake^are, 

NA'PPy. a, [fromvap.yjrothyi fpumy. 

N^RCrSSUS. /. [Latin j naretfe, French.] 

A daflfbdil. ' Tborfjon, 

KARCOJTK^K. tf. l^a^xim ; nareotf^ue, JFr.] 

Woducing torpor^ or ilupefa^on. . 

S^iny, Srown, 
NARD. /. [nardus, Latin. J 

J. Spikenard.' 

a. An odorous /hrub. ' Ben, ^obnfiu, 

NARE, /• [naris, Latin.] A noftnl. 

NA'REWHALE. /. A fpccies of whale. 

' Brown, 

KA'RRABLE. a, [from narro^ Lat.] Ca- 
pable to be told. ' 
NARRATION. /, InarratitytzXiTi,} Ac 

count 5 relation J hiftory. jihbot, 

NA'RRATIVE. a..[narratif-ye,'Bt, from 

narro, Latin.] 
' 1. Relating 5 giving aft account. Ayltffe, 

a. StoryteUing J apt to relate things paft. 

KA^RATIVE. /. A relation j an account. 

NA<RRATIVELY. ad, [from narrative.] 

By way of relation. Ayllfe. 

KARRA'TOR. /. Inarrateur, French.]' A 

teller J a relater. „ JKttts, 

To NA'RRIFY. v a, [from rarro, Latin.] 

To relate ; to give account of. Shaiejp* 
NA'RRQW, a. [neajiu, Saxon.] 

I. Not broad or wide. , Hbaiefpeare, 

, . 2. Small ; of no great extent. Brown, 

' 3, Covetous ; avaritious. Sidney, 

4. Contracted J ungenerous. Spratt, 

5. Near j within a fmall diftancc. Dryden, 

6. Clofc} vigilant J attentive. Mitt.n, 
To NA^RRGW. v. rf. . . 

X, To diminiih with rcfpeft to breadth. 

Brown, Temple* 

S. Tocootra^l; to impair indignity. 


3. To cdntraft tn fentiment. , Tope^ 

4. To confine ; to limit. Wattt. 

5. [In farriery.] A hbrfe is faid to »tfrraw, 
when he does not take ground enough. 

Farriers DiBionary, 
NAllROWLY. ad. Ffrom i»^rrcw.] ' ' 

I. With little breadth or widened. . 
" %, Contra^edly 5 without citjent. Stvift* 

|. Clofelyj vigilantly, Siakejpeare, 

" 4. Nearly j within a little. Swift. 

5. Avaritioufiy; fparingly. 
NA'RROWNESS. / [fromwmw.] 
- I. Want of breadth- Mdifin., 

' a. Want of comp lehcafion... . Licke, 

3. Confined ftate j Contrafledncfs. 

' Denbam, 

4. Meanneft 5 poverty. South, 

5. Want of capacity, Burnet, 
NQ^S. [from'fftf hat, or has not,] Spenfer, 
NA'SAL. 4. [ff<»/jw, Latin.]. Belonging to the 

nofe. - : * ^^ Holder. Brawn. 

NA'STY. a, \najl, naf, Cfcftnan, wet.] 
I. Dirtyjjjthyj fordid} nanfeous 4^ pol- 
luted; Swift* 
' *. Obfccnc: lend. ' ^ 
NA'STILY. ad, [from nafty,] ' 

1. Dirtily; filthily; naufeoofly. Bacon* 
«. Obfoenelyj groftly. l 

NA'STINESS./. [ftomnafy.1 

X. Dirt J ^Itl • ' Hayward. 

■ 1. bbfccnity; groflliefs of ideas. South, 
NA'T AL, tf. [fftf/tf/, French.} Native 5 re- 
' lating to nativity. Camden. Prior, 

NATA^'TION./. [ff^fj/i>, Latin.] The aft 

of fwimming. Brown, 

KaTHLESS. ad, [ndy that if, jwr, theUft, 

Saxon ] Neverthclcfs. MUton. 

NA'THMORE. ad. [na the more,] Never 

the more. Sperfo, 

NA'TION. /. [nation, Fr. natio, Latin.] , A 

.people diflinguiihed from another people. 
N ACTIONAL, a, [national, fr. from nation.] 

T. Publicki generahj not private j not 

particular. Mlijon* 

2. Bigotted to one's own country. 
NA'TIONALLY: W. lUotcifiational.] With 

rcjgard to th'e nation. Sontb, 

NAnrjON ALNESS./ [from national.} Re- 
ference td the people 10 general. 
NA'TIVE. a. [nativus, Latin j nafi/ve, 
X. Produced by nature J not artificial. * 

. Vdvia* 
a. Natural j fuch as is according to nature. 


3. Conferred by births * Denbam*, 

4. Pertaining to thifrtune or'^acc of bhth. 


5. Ori^nal. Mthon* 
NA'TIVE. /. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

N,A T- 


n One bom in any place ;> original inba- 

bitant. Bacon, 

^ Offspring. 
NATIVENESS. /. ffrom^«tf/»w.] State of 

being produced by nature. 
HKlVVrrY.n fM/K/i.'r; French.] 

J. Birth } iflue into life. 

Bsc^n* Sbakefptart, 

1. 5^teorplacc of being produced. Milton, 
NATURAL, a. [nature!, French.] 

1. Produced or el^dled by nature. 

2. Illegitimate. Tem/f/e, 

3. Beftowed by nature. • ' Stutff, 

4. Not forced { not farfetched ; dilated 
by nature. Wuton, 

5. Tender | aflfe^onate by nature. 

'6, Unaffe^ed | according to tjruth and fe- 
ality. Addijfon, 

7, Oppofed to violent $ as, a »i/»ra/ death.' 
NATURAL. /. [from nature,} 
I. An idiot} a fool. Shak^peare. Loch. 
ft. Native 5 original inhabitant. . Rakigh* 
3. Gift of nature ^.nature} quality. 


NATURALIST./. [homnaturaU'\ A ftu- 

dent in phyficks. ' Addtfin, 

NATURALIZA TION. /. [from natura- 

Uxe,! The ad of in veiling aliens with the 

privileges of native fubjefts. Bacon, 

ToNA'TURALIZE. v, a. [from natural,} 

1. To invcil with the privileges of native 

(ubjefts. * DavUs, 

*. To make eafy like things natural. . 

NA'TURALLY. ad, [from naturaLV 

X. According to unaffifted natiu'e. Hooker, 
[ a. Without affcfla^ion, Sbakejpeare, 

3* Spontaneoufly. 
NATURALNESS./, [itom natural.'} 
I. The ftate of being given or pioduced by 
nature. South. 

%, Conformity to truth and reality ; not 
aflTeQatioo. Dry den, 

NATURE./. [«rf/«r^, Latin.] 
1. An imaginary bang fuppofed to preiide 
ever the material and animal world. 

Sbakefpeare, Cowley. 
a. The native flate or properties of any 
thing. ffaU, 

3. The conftitution of in animated body. 


4. Difpofition of mind. Shaktj^.peare, 

5. The regular courfe of things. S'bakefp. 

6. The compafs of natural exlftence. 

7* Natural a^edion^ or reverence.' Pope. 

8. The ftate or operation of the material 
world. P<f€* 

9. Sort 5 fpecies. Dryden. 

10. Sentiments or Imagci adapted '.to na- 
ture, Mdijon^ 

- IT. Phyficks; the fcicoee whidi toelieS' 
the qualities of things. Pope, 

NATU'RITY. / [dom natwe.} Theftate 

' of being produced by nature. Brovm^ 

NA'VAL. a. [naval, French, J 

I. Confining pf (bipt. Waller, 

%. Belonging to flilps. ^ttmbUm 

NAVE. /. [nap, Saxon!] 

1. The middle part of the wheel in which 
the axle moves. Shakefpearem 

2. [From navis^ nave, pld French.] Tift 
middle-part of the church diitin^ from the' 
aifles or wings. Ayl'iju 

NA'VEL. / [napela, navel?, Saxon. J . 
I. The |M»intin the middle of the heOy^ 
by which embryos communicate with the 
parent. Brcmrn^- 

%. The middle ; the interlotir part. MUt* 

NA'VELGALL. /. AW^/^^/Tis a bruiie^m 
the top of ^i chine of the back^ behini 
the faddle, right againft »he navd, 

NA^VJLWORT./ An herb. MUkr. 

NA'VEW. /. [napui^ Lat. n^vecm^ Fr,] An 
herb. miller, 

NAUGHT, a. [nabt, naphihi/ Saxoii.] 
Bad ; corrupt ; worthteft. Hooker, 

NAUGHT. /. Nothing. This is commonly, 
though improperly, written nourbt. 


NAUGHTILY, ad. [from naughty. j Wic- 
kedly; corruptly. 

NAOTGHTINESS / [from naugbiy.l Wic- 

ked nefs ; badnefs. 


NAUGHTY, a. [from naught.'} Ba?;, 

wicked; corrupt. Sidnify* 

KA'VIGABLE. a. Tnavigalle, French.] Ca^ 

pable of being paned by fhips or boats. ^ 


NA'VIGABLENESS. /. [from na-vJgab%.j 

Capacity to be paflfed in velfels. 
To NA'VIGATE. v. n\ [na^igo, Lat.] To 

(ail I to pafs by water. Arbutbnot, 

To NATIG ATE. v. a. To pafs by fhipi 

or boats. Arbutbnoi, 

NAVIGATION. /. [na-vlgation, Frcnch.J 

1, The a£t or pradice of pafling by water. 

%. Veflcls of navigation. , Sbakefpeare, 

NAVIGATOR./ [navigateur, Tr.] Sail- 
or ; (eaman ; traveller by water. Brerewood, 

NAOJLAGE. /. [naulum, Latin.] The 
freight of paifengefs in a /hip. 

NAU'MACHY. /. lnaumacbie,?r. nauma-* 
cbia, Latin.] A mock fea fight. 

To NAU'SEATE. v, n, [from naufeo,Lzt,J 
To grow fqueamiih y to turn away with 
difguft. ' Watts, 

To NAU'SBATE. v, a, 

X. To loath; to rejeft with difguft. 


2. To flrikfc with difguft. Swfe, 
NAU'SEOUS. a, [from naufea, Lat. navjee, 

French.] Loatbibme : difguftful. Denbam, 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

ftAt^itOmtY. ad, tkatn naufidiH.} 
Loathibmely ; difgu(lfuuy. Dryden^ 

KAtr'SEOUSfftSS. /. [ftdrt nauJedWi.*] 
L'dathfomejsefs ^ ^ality of railing difguf^. 

WAtTTlCAL.7 4. {nautktist Lttio.J Ptr- 
NAlTTiCK. 5 gaining to Jailors. Catndtn^ 
NAU'TILUS. /. [Latin j *w»fr7if, Frtnch.] 

A ibell fi(h fathwitd Mth fom^thing aiia- 

logous to oars and a faiL Pej^. 

HA'VT. /• [from «av/i, latin.] An aflfcin- 

hiyfit hips } a fleet. Clatendbn, 

KAY* tf</. ^naj Saxon, or lie aye.^ 

I. Ko i an tivtrb of negation* Denbam, 

* 4. Not x)iily fo but more. i?«». Jobnfw^ 

3. Word offefufal. ^5. 
l^A'yWORD./. InayztidwordA 

!• The fkying nay. Shake^eare^ 

4. A pfovirbial reprOach i a bye word. 

* , Shah/peare» 
NB^i 4fl. fSaxoft.j Neither; abdnot. Upenfet^ 
N£AF. /. [nefi, Inandick.f A fift. 5iwii^. 
•fdNEAL. V. <». [on<fclan,5aKon.] Totcm- 

; ^r by a gradual and regulated heat. 

Dtghy* Mo:(on, 
'te NEAL, V. «, To be tempered in iire. 


NEAP. a. [tie^^plffy, Ssaton 5 ndtpti%i poor.] 

Low : decrefceut. Ufed ooly of the ti^c* 


VZAK. prep, [ne/i, Saton.] At po great 

dlftance from ; dole to; nigh.' Dfydi£ 

K%AR. ad, 

' I, Almoft. ' ' 

%, At hand ; . not far off, Dryden. 

3. Within a little. Bacon, 

NEAR, d, 

I. Notdifbnt. G^^. 

* %, Advanced towjirdi the end of an enter- 
f rifc or difquifition. Booker, 

3. dof^ ; not rambling. Dryden, 

4. Clofely related. Levitlcuu 
j. Intinfiatcj familiar; admitted to confi- 
wnce. I Sbakejpeare„ 
fr. Touching J prefling J affeftingj dear. 


* *f. Pdrfimoniousj inclining to covetovfnefs, 
Kt AR hand, Clofely. BacoK^ 
WEA'RLY. ad, [from ftear,'] 

I* At no great diftance, Atterhury,. 

a. Cloftly • pre/Hngly. Mil'ott, Stv'fi. 
3. In a niggardly manner. 
EA'RNESS. /. [from near.} 

^ J, Clofenefs ; not remotenefs» 

Hooker, Duppa, 
ft. .Alliance of blocd oV af^edion. Bacon. 
3, Tendency to avarice f caution of ex- 
pence. Bacon, 

NEAT. /. [nea« nyten. Saxon.] 

I. Black cattle ; oxen. Stakefp. May» 
I. A cow or ox. Shakespeare. 

NEAT. a. {net^ French.] 



r. Efegint; but without dignity* IVa 
%, Cleanly. Milton. 

3. Pure^ unadulterated; unmxjigled. 


NE'ATHERD./. ri»eaKjfi«fc, Saxoij.jA cow- 
keeper ; ofle ^ho has thfe car& of blacle 
cattle • ' Brjdtn, 

NEA'TLY. ad, [from mau'X 

I. Elegantly, but without dignity j ipriice* 
ly. Siaki&eqre^ 

%, ClcafiUIy. ^^ 

NEA'TNESS. /. [from «^«/,T . . . 
t.JSprucenefs; elegance without dkniQr. 

%. Cicanlinefs. ' ■ - - 

NEB. /. [nebbe, $axon.] 

1. Nofe^ beak; mouth. Retained in ^c 
north. , . SJ^aktjipesre, 

2. rin Scotland.] the bliroT a bird. ' 
NE^BtJLA^, f, [Latip,]. It U ap^^ied to ip- 

p^arancis, like a cloud ia the hu^a Wy 1 
jis to films upon the eyci. 

NE'ButOUS. a, [nebuiofus^ Latiji.J KJilty ; 

Nt'CESSARlEiy: [from neceffary,} Things 

• not only converjient but needful, . Usnm^ 

^'CZBSAKILY. dd, [horn >iec^ary. 2 
t, Indifpeafablf. jSooJtep^ 

2. By inevitable confequence. Hooker, 

KE'CESSARINESS. f, [from necej/a^,] 

_j Th$ fta*e of being liecellary. . . 

NE'CESSARY. a, tnecefarius, Ufio.] . 
a. Needful; indifpenfably rcquifite. 

2. Not free ; fatal ; impelled by fate. * 
y .Conclufive ^ deciiwe by inevitable con^r 
iequence. » Tiliottonl 

NECE'SSITATE. V, a. [frorn necepast 
Latio.J To make Heceitary ; j^ot to leave 
free, DupPM^ 

NECE'SSITATION. /. ffrom mcegitatt^ 
The aft t)f making ncceuary ; fatat com- 
pulfion. BrambaU. 

NECE'SSITATED. a, [from necejtty,] hi 
a ftate of want. Shake/peart, 

NECE'SSITOUS. tf. [from necefflty.} Fre^ed 
with poverty. Clarendon, 

N^CE'SSITOUSNESS. / [from neceJ^oM,] 
Poverty; want; need, Burmt^ 

NECE'SSITUDE. /. {necepudo^ Latinjf 

1. Want ; need. Bale, 

2, FriendHiip. ' 
NECE'SSITY. /. [gecej^s, Latin.] 

1. Cogency; cOmpulfion; fatality. 9$&» 

2. State ot being neceffary j indilpcnialje- 
nefs. Sbakefpeare, 

3. Want; need; poverty. ClareM4oii* 

4. Things jjeceflary for human life. 


5. Cogency of argument ; inevitable con- 
fequence, Uaierrb. 

NECK. /. [hneca, t$x9n ; neck, DutchJ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


, . I. The ^t between the head and hody. 

%• A loo^ jurxow p<irt. Satom^ 

3. Ott the neck'^ imioediately after. 

4. Toin^dHneek of ap afiiur ^ to iiindar 
any thing being done | ofi to do nrare than 

Kfi'CKBEEF. / [neck and ^er^.] Thccoarfe 

flcik of the neck of cattle. Swft. 

JJE'CKCLOTH. /. [nuk and tloth,'^ That 
. vrhich mei) wear on their neck. Gay, 

NEt:KERCHlEF. 7 f. A gorget j ha<id- 
NE'CKATEE. J kerchief for a wo- 

nan^s neck* 
>i£'CKLACE. /. (neck and la£i,} An ocna- 

SKAtal firing of beads or precious i^ones^ 
. worn by vrococn en their neck, jtrhuthn* 
K£'CKWEED./. [/rwit and wot/.J Hemp, 

KE'CROMANCEIU /. [9*%^^ and /Uiu^ic.] 

Oue who by charms can coa-verfie with the 

ghofts of the dead. Swift, 

NE/CROMANCY. /. [ytn^i and fu»k«; 

mcromamti Fieach.] 

1. The art of revealing futnre evants^ by 

coamujucation whh the dead. Brvwm, 
. 1. Enchantment I conjuration. jibbot, 
KE'CTARED. a. [from m£E«r.] Tinged 

with »e^tar. Milton, 

NECTA'RECKIS. a, [ntaawtt^ U^} ^^ 

fembling ne£tar ; fweet as ne^r. F9pe, 
NE'CTA&ldtE. 4h \k9ttk ntSar,] Sweet a& 

ne£htf« Mikon, 

KE'CTARINE. /. rneaan'ne, Fiench.] A 

fruit of th^ plum kind. Thh fruit dMsn 
. horn a peach in having a fmooth riad and 

theflefli firmer. Mlhr, 

NEED. /. {D0ii^ Saxon $ mod^ Dutch.l 

1. Exigency 3 preffing difficulty j neeemty. 

t* Want; diftreisfal poveity. SJbakfjpesre, 
3« Want J lack of any thing for ufe. 


To NEED. 1/, a. To want; to lack. JlSett. 

ToNEED. «.«. 
'^ Tp be wanted.; to be neceiftry. Sftenf, 

2. To have neceffity of any thing. Locke. 
I^IfiW^A. /. [from »W.] One that wants 

•J»y thing. SkakeJ^tare, 

N££'DFUL. a. [ffW and /«//.] Necellary; 
indifpen^hiy requifice; Cmmm Prayia< 
NEEa)FULLY, ad, [from nudfi/,} Necef, 
. £uily; Ben, Jobnfon, 

l^'DFULMfiSa. /• lium^nndful,} Ne*. 

^^\ Upevesty; 
' ; poorly. 

^]S£^D|HESS. / lUom.need^] Wantjpo- 
J ^'erly. Baton, 

) UETDL^ /. [nat^l, Saxon.] 

U A imm ii^^mcnc goinud «t 00c end 


to pierce doth, and perforated at the othet 
^ to receive the thread. Dryden, 

a. The (mall (leel bar which in the mari- 
ners compafs flands regularly north and 

fouth. Burnet, 

NE£T>LE.FISH./. [neeMes^ni^ ] A kind 

offeaftfli. WoQdw4ri. 

NEE^DLE^FUl.. /. [needk%iA fitU,\ As 

mach thread as is generally put at one time 

in the needle. 
>IEE'DLER. 7 /. [from nudk.'X He 

NEE'DLEMAKER. 5 who makes needtet. 
N££^DLEWORK« /. [medk and 'work.\ 

I. The bofioefs of a fempArefs, 
^ ft. Embroidery by. the needle. AddHfon^ 
N££a>L£SSLY. ad, [from iv««^a.J Una^. 

ccffirily ^ without tittiL HoUer, 

HEEDLESSNESS. /. {framam^} Vo* 

neceflarineia. Locke, 

NEEDLESS, a, [fkomaM/.] Unacceflary; 

not requifite. Hoohr, Sbmkefpmrw^ 

NEE^MENT. /. [from need,} Soa>cthing 

aeceflary. Sfenfer, 

NEEDS, ad, fne^ber* Saxon, unwilling.^ 

N ecciiarily \ by coopoifioa ; iadi^enfaUy. 

NEE'DY. a, [from need,!^ Poor | aaceffitovai 

diftrefledby poveitv. Speijer. 

NE*ER» [for never,] BmdiJmxu 

ToNEESE. V. M. [lyjffy DaaiA; ni^n, 

Dutch. J To/aeefe^ td discharge fiatulen* 

ciea by the Qofe. 1 Xings, 

NEF, f. fold French, from «i«fc]*The body 

of a church. Add^inu 

NEFA'RIOUS. a,Xntfariu$^ Utin.J Wic 

ked; abominable. ' Afii§f, 

NECA'TION. /. IntgatiQ^ Katin^ negaticn, 


I. Denial^ the contrary to affirmation. 

BentUj^ Romers, 

ft. Defcriftion by ne|ative. fr^, 

NE'GATIVE. a, Insgatif, Fr, megati^ut, 


I. Denying ; contrary to afHrmafive. 

a. Implying only the abience of ibmethinf « 


3. Having the power to withhold, thoagh 

not to com pel. ICing CJbaic/es, 


1. A propoTition by which ibmething is 
denied, TiJUtfon^ 

2. A particle of denial ; as, not, GiwveL 
NE'OATIVELY. ad, [from vegati've,} 

x* With denial j in, the form of dettial ; 
not affiriaatively. Boyle, 

ft. In form of fpefich implying the abfence 
of fomcthing. Hooker,, 

To NE'OLECT. v. a, {^leghBrn, \,il^,\ 

1. To omit by carcleftnefs. Matthew^ 

2. To treat with fcoml^- heedlelToefa. 

3. To poOpone. - ShakeJ^rs* 
Kt-CLECT. /. [»^<^w, Utin.J- 

* . I. la- 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

N E I 

N E S 

J. InRancc of inattcntloiu 
a. Carelefs treatment. 

3, Negligence j freqncncy of neglc^, 


4. State of being unregarded. Prior. 
KEGLE'CTER. /. [ixomnegka.l Onewh© 

WEGLE'CTFUL. a, {negka »n6fu/f.} 

1. Hee(ilef8; carelefs; inattentive. 


2. Treating with iodifTerence. Locke^ 
KEGLE'CTION. /. [Uom negka.} The 

ftate of being negligent. 
KEOLE'CTFULLY. ad, [from ntgkafil} 
• With heedlefi' inattention. 
KEGLE'CTIVE. a', [from negleff.) liat- 

tcntive to, of regardleifs of. King Charles, 
NE'GLIOENCE. / [nfgligence^ Fr. ftegli- 

gattittt La^in.] Habit of omitting by heed- 

JcfTnef^, or of ailing carelefly. Sbakefpeare, 
NE'GLIGENT. /. [negngent, Fr. nepsgens, 

\ 1. Carelefs } heedlefs; ha2>itaally inatttfn- 

tive> % CbroH, 

2. Carelefs of «oy particular.' Bamcb, 

3. Scornfully regjtfdleis. Stoift, 
NE'GLIGENTLY. ad. [from negligent,'] - 

I. Carelefsly $ 'beedlefsly J withoiit exad- 

oefs. BaioM, 

' <• "Wifli fcornfbl inattention. 
To NEGO'TIATE. v, n, Tnegnier, French.] 

To -have intercourie of buSnefs $ to traf- 

fick ; to treat. Sacon, 

NEGOTf A'TION./. [negociatm, Fr. from 

negotiate.'^ Treaty of DUHBcfs. - 'Hmtf, 
NEGOTIA'TOR. /.' { fiegociateur, Fr. from 

negotiate,'} One employed to ticat with o- 

thers. Sktnft, 

NBGCyriATlKG. a, [from negotiate,} 

Employed in negotiation. 
HE'GRO, f, [Spani/h j ntgre^ French.] ' A 

blackmore. Brown. 

NEIF. /. (»^, Iflandickj neef^ Scottifh.] 

To NEIGH. V. jr. [hnajan, Saxon.] To 

tttter th« voke oi a hOrl'e. Smith, 

NEIGH. /, [from the verb.] The voice of 

tn horfe. Sbahjpeare. 

-NEFGHBGUR./. [nehjebuji, Saxon.] 

1. One who lives near to another^ C^ir^n^. 

2. One who lives in famlharity with ano- 
ther. • Sbakefbeare, 

3. Any thing next or near. Sbakejfeare, 

4. lDtimat«; confidant. Shakejjpeare. 

5. [In divinity.] One partaking of the 
fame nature, and therefore entitled' to good 
offices. Spratt. 

To NEl^GHBOUR. v. a. [from the noun.] 
To adjoin to ; to confine on. Shakejpeare, 

NEIGHBOURHOOD. /. [from ndgbhnr,} 
X. Place adjoining. Mdifon. 

%, State of being oeur each other. Swift. 

3 . Thpfc that live withi» retch of comnra* 

NEI'G HBOURLY. a, [from neighbor,'} Be. 

coming a neighbour ; kind ; civil. 

NEI'GHBOURLY. ' ad, [from neigbbwr,] 

With fociaK civility. 
NEinrHER, anjvna. [napXeji, Saxon j nf 

either,} . 

1. Not either. A particle ufcd in thefirft 
branch of i negative fentence, and anfwer* 
ed by nor : as, fight neither with finall nor 
great. i Kings, 

2. It is fometimes the fecond branch of a 
negative or prohibition to any (entence : ' as, 
ye fhall not tat of it, neither ihall ye touch 
it. Cen'Jis, 

NEl'THER. pronoun. Not cither 5 nor on^ 
nor other. Vtyden, 

NEO'PHYTE. /. Ineephyte, Fr. mt and 
^yar.] One regenerated 5 a convert. 

NtOTE'RlCK. a, [neotericus, Latin,] Mo- . 
dern; novel; late. Crew, 

NEP. /. [irr^rttf, LaHn.] An herb. 

NE'PENTHE./. [to and wivdO-.] A drug 
that drives away all pains. Ptfe, 

NE'PHEW./. [nepos, lAt\ni ««^», Fr.] 
1. The fon of ^ brother or fifter. Locke, 
ft. The grand ion. Outofufe. Hooker, 
g, Defcendantjhoweverdiftant. Outofufe. 

NBPHRI'TICK, a, [vtfftltK^i nepkretifue, 
' French.] 
S. Belonging to the organs of urhie. 
ft. Troubled with the ft one, A^ntbnot, 
J. Good againft the fione.- WooHtvsri, 

NE'POTISM./. Inepotifme, French.] Fond- 
nefs for nephews. * ^difin, 

NERVE. /, [nemms, Latin^] 

X. The netves are the organs of fenfation 
paffing from the brain to all parrs cf the 
body. Shakejpeare, 

ft. It is ufed by the poets for fipcw tr ten- 
don. ' Pofe, 

NE'RVELESS. «. [from nerve.] Without 
llrength. Dmnriad, 

NE'RVOlfS. a, [nervofus, Latin.] 

1. Wellftrung; ftrong 5 vigorous. Peftt 

2. Relating to the nerves. 

3. Having weak or diftafed nerves: Cheque, 
NE^VY. a, [from nerve.} Strong 5 »»|o- 

rous. • ! ' Shakejpeare, 

NESCIENCE. / [from nejcio, Latin.] Ig- 
norance : the ftatc of npt knowing. 

NESH. a, fnerc, Saxon.] So^j eafilyhuft. 

r. A termination added to an adje£Wve ^ 
change it into a fubftantivc, 6tnoW\%fiate 
or quality j as, peijonous, poijonoujnejs y from 
nij^e, Saxon. . * ' 

ft. The termination of many names of 
Plaset where there ie a headland or pro- 
7 mottoryj 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

N E'U 

N I B 

■ilMitory 5 from bep*, Saxon, a headland j 
ai InveR]»ss9. 
NBST.r. fne|%Sa«)a.J 
I. Tie bed focmed by the bird jTor incuba* 
tioB. ' Deuteronomy, 

2« Anyplace where animals ave produced^ 

3. i%A abode j^ place of rcfidciice. Shakef^^ 

4. A warm cfofe habitation. Spenjer.^ 

5. Boxes ordfaw'CM j little pockets or con* 

To NEST. ^, n. ffyom the noun.] TobwiH 
nefls. HoweL 

NE'STEGG. /. („eji and e^.] An egg 
left in the neft, Budihrat, 

To NE'STLB -t., «. £from wft.] "To fettle i 
to harbour." Sacpn* 

ToNE'STLE. V. tf. . . 

I. To houfe, as ia a neft. Donne, 

at To ^herifliy as a bird her pung. 


NE'STLING. /. [froin n^Ie.^ A bird juft 
taken oiit of the neft. 

KET./. Inati, Gothick ; net, Saxon.J A 
tcsture ivovea with large interftices or 
fflc/hcs. T/M*r. 

MZ'TH£R« tf. [neolfeii. Sax. lyA^/Dot.] 

1. Lower j not upper. Peach^m, Dtyden, 

2. Being in a lower place. Mihon, 
3t Iniexnal | belonging to the regions be- 
W. - Drydtn, 

WTIJEllMOST, /. [foperl. of «/f/<r. j 
Uweft. PJalm. 

NETTLE. / fn^tel, Saxon.] A ftln^nfr 
herb wdl known. 

ToNE'TTLE. v. <f. [ftom the noun.] To 
^g$ to irritate. Bentl^, 

NE'TWORK./. [»rt and «wVi.] Any 
^iog. reiidcttiated decuflated^ at equal di« 
ftances. Spenfer. 

NE'VER. ad, [ne §vtri nsepptf, Saxon.] 
I. fjX no time. 

. s. In no degree. Souths 

3* It feemS la Ibroe pbrafes to have the 
Knieof an adjedive. Not any. Matthew^ 
4* It is much ufed in cprnpofition j as, »«- 
v^-ending, having no end^ Ifftfion, 

NE^VERTHELESS. ad^ [ »»«• tie leju \ 
Notwithftanding that. Bacon, 

NEU'ROLOGY. /. [nvfo% and X^j^f.J 'A 
itefcription of the hervfcs. 

NtU'ROTOMY. f. I tsy^ and tI/uw. ] 
The aftatomy of^the nerves. 

KSU'TER. a, Ifieuter, Latin j neutre, Fr. ] 

I. Indifferent j not engaged on either iide, 

- Addifcn, 

^* fin grammar.] A noua that implies 

nofex. ' • Dry den, 

NEUTER, /. One indiflTererit and unen- 
gaged. ^ddifdn, 

SEUTRAL. a, [nmtrah F^-] . 
I. IncUlferent j not engaged on cither fide. 
Vot, II, 

% Neither good nor bad. Povies, 

3. Neither acid nor alkaline; .^bMtbn'otl 

NEU'TR AL. /. One who does not adt nor 
engage on either fide. Bacon. 

NEUTRA'LITy. |. {neutrattt/, Fr.] 

1.' A Rate of indifference, of ncilhct 
friend/hip nor hoftility. ' A({dlfon, 

2. A ftate between good and evil. * t)onnf^ 
NEU'TRALLY. gd, [from wWtf/.] Indif- 

NEW, a, [newyd, WelA} r.ecp, Saaon j 
neuf, Fr.l 

I. Not old J freih. Burnet. 

%, Modern. Temple, 

3. Not antiquated 5 having the effect of* 
novelty. Pe^. 

4. Not habituated. Hooker, 

5. Renovated j rq)aired, fo as to recover 
"the firft ftate. Batonm 

6. Freih after any thing. Drydtn. 

7. Not of antient extraftion. Addifen, 
NEW* ad. This is ufed in compofition for 

fievbfy, Sidijiy. Cotvfey^ 

NEWFA'NGLED. a, [ «w and /angle. J 

Formed with vain or fooliih love of Ao- 

velty. Atterhury, 

NEWFA'NGLEDNESS.?/. [from i»^- 
NEWFA'NGLENESS. I f angled. 'I Vain 

and fooliih love of novelty. 3idihy, 


I. The compais round which the Mrcais^ 
■ is carried. Bann» 

z. Novelty, Spenfer, 

fWWlKG.f. YeH. Jlinfivottb, 

NEMVLY. ad, (from new.} Freihly ; Irfe- 

Iv. Spenf&. 

NE'WNESS. /. [from new.} Frcihnefsj 

latenefs ; novelty } recentnefs ^ ilate of 

being new. Sidney. South. 

NEWS, f, without the fingular. [from neVO j 

nouvelier, Fr.] . 

1. Freih account of any thing. fVatter, 
It. Palmers which give an account of the 
tranfa£(ions of the prcfcnt times. Pope, 

NE'WS-MONGER. /. [ newt and morger. J 

One whofe employment it is to hear and to. 

tell news. Sbaiefpeare, 

NEWT, jj [Nervt is ftippofed by Skinner ^o 
V be contra^ed from an n/et.\ Eft; (maiW 

lizard. ' Sbakefpeare. 

NEW-YEAR'^-GIFT. /. Prefcnt made 

on the firil day of the year. 

Sbakefpeare, Stillirg fleet ^ 
NEXT, a, [next, Saxon.] 

J. Ncareil in place. . Saeon\ 

2. Ncarefl in any gradation. Clarendon. 
NEXT. ad. At the time or turn immedi. 

ately fucceeding. Addijon. 

NlfAS. /. [n'mis, French.] Simple, filly, 

and fooliih. Bailey. 

NIB. /. [nebbe, Dutch.] . - 

- I. The bill or beak of a bird* . \ ^ 

a. The peint of a pen. Dchtm. 

4N Nl'BBiD, 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

N I C 


KT'HB^D. tf. [fromff/ft.] Having a nib, 

To NI'B^LE, v.>, [irom ttih, the bcaltor 

. mourb.] 

I. To bite by little at a time j to eat fTow 
ly. Sbakef^eart* Clmvelandf 

%, To bite as a fiO^ does'ihe b^it^ Gay, 

To NIBBLE, V, n^ 

'. I. To bite 4t. $haiejpeare, 

). To carp ^t 9 to fifld fault with. 


NI/BBIEJI. /, [.fro«^ »/We.] OnetVt 
bites by little at a time, 

NICE, a, [nere, Saxon, foft.] 

J. Accurate in judgment to minute ex- 
aOnef.. . Ix. rsoiftea ufcd to expr^fs a cul- 
pable delicacy. Sidney, 
%» $crupulouny and minutely cautious. 

^, Faffidious; fqueamifh. i^iUpri* 

4^* Eafily injured ; delicate. 

5, Formed with iixinuce cxaflner*. 

* ^d4f»n. 

6, Refined. Milton, 
^I'ClhY, 4fd, [frc^m rfvu] 

X. Accurately i mUiutel^'j icrupulc^ufiy, 

^.J^eHcatrly* 4fi4fif»^jr 

ill'CENESS, /• [from «jff .} 

\n A^curan* ; minute exa^oeie. Drp&n^ 
2. Superfluous delicacy orcxatfto^fs. 

NI'CBTy. /. [from ««. J 

1, fif inute accuracy. ^ Prior, 
%, Accurate performsuKf* A3d»fit9m 
^ Faitidioi>8 deUcai^yj C^}%9Uoi(tmt(9, 

snratioi^) yunAUM!ii& diCv 
btilty, Locke. 

nagement; ctutSous tireat- 


the piun^ daijities w de- 

L pUnt. • liffttkr. 

neh.j A h^Upw in whi^iv 

t plVc4. ^ ff^OJilfft, 

!, Teutonick, tJbe twinjc* 

of time at wbich tbere it 
renience. Sucklitig. 

in Iftliy^ tKUig^. 
ejpl^niDg;. ShahfPMre, 

. 4^ A winning tbrow^ Trhr, 

To NICK. V. tf. ffrom the noun. 3^ 

X,. To hit ; to touch, luckily j to piorfbrm 
\ty. fome Htght artifice. liudi^rai. 

2. To «u(^ lA <iick^ or sptches. ^ 

3, To fuliti at tillicftiCMt in- nicks, 

4. To defeat or ctcff. Sh^Mfmwu 
KICHNA'MB, /• [awp <& «>| Fffoci».J 

A |Uini« given in feoff or coi^tempt. 

Bin jctnpl. 
To NICKNA'ME., ,T6 orff by ai^ 

opprobrious app^ladon. * ' Oehbak. 

ToNI'CTATE. ^. <». [»3»&, Litin.] To 

wink. Ray» 

NIDEr / {nidki, tatin.] A broo<l : as, a 

tiide of pheafants.. 
Kl'DGETr /. [corruft^^^ from nit^ng or 

m'^n^.l Camdtn, 

NmiFfcATlON. /. fnidiftiath, Latin.] 

The ^v^.of build^i^ neft|. lUerbiim^ 

NI'DING. <i. [frorti ni^,-S"ixon, vilcncrs.] 

Nidingf an oldEngl^ word figfwfying ab* 

Jeft, bafc minded. C^u-ew, 

NIDO'ROUS. a, [nfdoreiix^Vu,frofinnid6rp 
' Latin. J R^feffibllng the ftnell or ta^e of 

roafted fat. Bacta., 

NI'DpROSITV./, rfroM rldbttous.'l ^ruffa- 

tlon with the taiU oJP undigcf!ed xoaft- 

meat'. Fl^er, 

KIDULA'TION., /. [r'Mor, Utip.] TU 

time of remaining in the neft. BroiQn^ 
NIECE. /I [niece, nUpcc^ "Ex* nepils, Latiiv} 

The daughter of a bioiher or fi^cr, 

UrrQGARD. X, r«;r^^ IJIandiclfi. J. A n»i» 

£r^ a curmu(jg^6R. Sfdn^- 

NFOGARD, a» Si>rM'^ avaeitiQus ; pir- 

cimQniovi* .^'Jif^H' ^'hakejpetife. 

ToNl'OGAKlX <r. <r. ffrom the nQUil] 

To ffint.^ SJM^ 

l^l'GQARDISff. ax [from nlgiard^l H»v- 
. ing. f^me dUf^rtti^n ^p ^^ice. 
HreGAKDtlNESS; yV Jfjroqot nifid^ I 

Avarice ^ fordid paKiqpony. jfU^om' 

Nf GCARDLY. tf. ffroni niggffrd^l A»- 
. rif io^s ^ (ox^iily, p^r^i^oniious. 

WC5GAJ10LY; /f/. Sprringlyj pajcijuo- 
. nioufly. Sba&tj^Mm' 

I^rGGARDMESSi / ffPom niggflrll f • 

varice j fordid parcimony,' $<«(pr. 

l^GH. /r^. {njjh, ^-©n J' . At no gf?af 

diftancf trom. G^* 

NJG^. arf, . ' 

K Not at a ^iCAt aUUoce. - 5'''*^* ;^ 
• ac* Toca JJac< *ear. ^t**** 

WG^. 41. : 

I.. Near-5 not diftant J^ not ffwo^a. iw* 

a. Allied clofely by bfopdl ^' 

To NiaH.. v../?r [(ron^ thVp^fricW T* 

approach 5 toadvant^^ todraw neaiYjJf*^,' 
VI?GHLY..^ tffom.ff^fi^ thcadMi**ji 

Nearly J vrtthin 9, little, _ ^^*' 

WOHNESS. f. pwrn n^t.} Ncarnefci 

NIOHt!^' f ffa«/*, Gothlck ; nihi;, «*x-] 
The time, of Atfl^cfst) the twi^f J**** 
fon^^rettofuij-rife. Sbafeffeari. <^<^ 

To-night, adverkm^hs U thianigM , »«: 


thit4iighl» . 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


^A One w1^ ulfefi dMMMictfs in the 

Kt'CHlXrAy* /. ffHf^Ar md ri^.] A 014) 

worh in %«}, or lA flftditt?. SvHp, 

Nl'OirrCJlOW. /. IftMt ttid crftfv.) A 

birtf flue ^rtCfi in tkt Alght. Skah/ptahe, 
NFOHTDfeW. /. {i^i^ aiidi«ito.J' ©ew 

tlut #e^ tbe ghHiai in f be Higbt. i)rfdien. 
KI'OltTDOO. / (f^^»n4t«^.], A 4og 

^ift hiiiffo iA the irtglht. Shitki^ttre, 

NTCfltDRiSd. /, *^h6 di«ft if^em At «»^t. 

cIoikM: %]atfk. SMtfjMre, 

UPGffTFAREmO. /« t**** «»* f*^''] 

Tr^t^iti^ iti "IheMgbf. Ckry. 

KFGHTFiR^. /. [f^r Alld jf^.] • Ilrnis 

KI'GHTFLV. /. fnigbt aft4 Jh.^ Mtth 
thirt Am in t£e Hfjcht. ihkkejp^art^ 

WGirrt-OUNDERto. /. fftwttilr^ftiid 
/kiiMAfy.l lrf>ft«rdMraflM til then^ffht. 

HrOHl^OWN. r. [night andx«w«.l A 
l«ofe fO^rft tiled fc# «n unditfs. P«j^ 

W'GHTHAG,/. J[«^A/«iid>f.J Witeh 
fbppcfltfA to#Mt* ki <lie tight. Mi/ttitk 

1f¥CHTISG\lli.J. [ftomnijfht, and ^a- 
laii^ S6<!Mi, tofhlg4J 
1. A#l!his9l.l<¥d'tltat Cfttt ia the mg&t 
with remarkable m<)o^ $ PUIblndl* Skflk 
S. A word of cm^airmeM, Sb^k^p^re, 

WltSHTLY. «</. [*»» Ki{'A^] 

t. fty rtigW. Add-on. 

1. Every night. ^k^h^Ure. 

NrCHri^y. a, [from n^i&f.] Dofte by 
night; aAing by nigfit. ^rfUn. 

NTGHtMUNV / {#1^ Md iM«)f.1 One 
#A* eftrries away ordure in the night, 

MMArMAItfe.y/Ti^i^f. »id acd^iii 
toTm^Zf, martt, a fpiritv J A iiloi%i4 op- 
preTiob %ti^ Mfji^ tifetobKng the |^ 
nt^ ^^6igkt oJUMV^be %ltift. 

Wsin¥i«cfe, /; f i*f|rf# «M ^i».] ' A 

pi^hrt ib eolemti as tb "bt fupjiofed ^en 
Vf (!Htiule li^uT* jSmMfom 

NI'OHTKAIL. f.tmgbfi^jUffi, 8W«n.] 
* IMm.l A lodt ^ftr <9if«i|lf ft ottrer the y 

NrGHtRA^VEW./. r#?^*fwi#ivH«f«*T A 
Und ftfppofed of m tntitit, thit o^et loud 
bthenilBt. • ^^fer. 

NKmXRULE./ [«/^4faiidr«/#.] A tu^ 
ihelt in t|w rrfgM. Slf^Jflare. 

HFGMTSnA^E./. [mlrt fetf^, laxl^n.] 
A plant of two Idftdi, comta^ik and deadly 
ni^t-ihade. MN/tr. 

WGHTsimimo. f. u^ Mi jn^i,} 

Shewing brightnefs iw Aeiii^rt.* 
KI'OHTWALK./. £jqg^/a«l^te»ft.3 WA 

il^lhfo^t. '' ^ 

Ki'OHTWALflM.^ lUf^md 4d«|I.] 

One who roves in the night upon ill dcr 

figM. McbMm. 

KMHTWARBLING. ii. [w^*/ and twir- 

tk,] Ht)|ingin,the flights Miit^n^ 

KI'GHTWAKD. a. [ai^ht Aid ^o*rd,y A^* 

proftchvngtO^ttl* nigltt. Milmn* 

Mf<6ftTWATCH. /. [ri^bt and m.^Mtd^A 

A period of the Mght ai diftiii£|uiihe8 bf 

chairge of die wttcb* - . Pfakn$* 

KfOkE'SCENT. a, [ nigrefienfi Latin. ] 

^rowirig^ black. 
NJOftlFlCA'TION. /. [fiig& thd/rw, 

Lat.l The ad of f««tPl«lg blcfck. 
NIHrLiTT. / Itiikmi^ ft* ni^ikm, Lat.] 
■ flothingnefs. M^atts^ 

To NILL. «r. 47. f^m f^ w;7/.3 N« 14 

%iilj toitftjft. B^.yahnjcm. 

NILL. /. The /bining fparka W Waft in 

trying and intt^n| tlie ot^. 
ToNlM. t/. a, InimHi, Defdii to take.] 

T6 (Vcah Hiulibras, 

)fl4)l&L£. <i. [from niai.] Quick) ailivej 

rdady ; fp^edy^ lively 4 exp^kious. Sfetifri, 
NI'MBLEKESS. /. [from umbf*.] Qukk. 

iteft ; aaiVity ; fpWd. Bo^iri, 

Ki'MBLEWnT£t>. «. [Himi^k and wir.] 

Quick; ieager to i^Mk, JPtfc-on. 

NmBLY. adr [from «J^i^.] Quickly | 

fpeedily ; a€Hvely« D$tf'tn4 Boficm 

KrMBLES,/. NiMbtttttli. ^#M/«r. 

»7rMlETV. jC [ iimew, Afhool Xatiii. ] 

The ftaie of being too modi. 
MfMIUElt. /. ^kmk Mt>i.} A thief; A pil. 

NI'NC0MP60t>. /.fcor^upitiofiof the Lat. 

mn compos. '\ A fool ; a trifier. AtUHfitt, 

fHNB. /. f nts«i»)^t«> Osc more thaii eight. 

•NffJUEFOLD./. [niiitf and/ej^.J Nine times* 

NI'KEPINS./. [fffffrand^rK.] A pUy where 

«firie pieoii o|f4M•(ll^e let^ oft the | tt-nid 

to be thrown down hy i bowl. P<«. ham, ' 
NI^N1BSCX>RB. tf. [i^M waAfiwv.} lt»^ 

tiifte* twvnty.- AMJpn, 

m^BTIBK. «. [itisoiiirfse> S«s.] Nine 

atfd teft. 
NI'NETfeENTH. J. [mso&reoira, Saxon.] 

VheoHinal of «lft«teeft ; the Ainti^ tffter 

t4>e tenth. 
Nrr^ETIBTM. A f htiii^a)jW3|«*cjt<Ji^ 
' $«x.] 1^ tenth iSlne timet toid. . 
Ifi'NEnr. tf. [ httii5insott«ii« Saxon. ] 

Nine timei ten. , r -* . 

HINTH. tf. ln*5e«a, Saaon,] That which 

ptededettfie tenth. Br^wn* 

KI'NWy. /. {Wirtb, t chad, Spaftifli.J A 

fbol ; a fitfipleton. i^^ifu 

NFNNVHAMlMSR. / [from lAnnyA A 
. limHctom • Aidkjmt* 

To^NIP. *. If. f»(;jpf% D%it»h.] 

t. To pinch off, wHh Ike ftiiil|>Vi»'>^ 

1^itkth«liptth. . ArcM. 

4 N % ft. T* 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



; il. To €«)t off by aay flt^ht means. 

. 3. To blaft \ to deftroy before full growth. 


■ 4.. ITo p?nch as froft,. SBakefputre, 

' <. Tovc«; tobire. > , ' Spenftr,. 

(6. To fatirife} to. ridicule ; to taunt iar- 

caftically. . jfcbam^ 

NIP./. |;fronitheTerb.J 

I. A pinch With th^ nailf or teeth. 

%, A fmall ciit. Shakefpeart. 

, 3: A blaft. Sttfn^9 

4, A taumt I t tafbarm. - 
UI'PPER. /. [from «/.] Afetirift. 

UVPVtV(%. f. [fnmnip.} Small pincers. / 
NrPPiNCLY. ad, [frdm ni/f.] With Wt- 

ter farcaiin. 
Nl'PPLE. /. [ftypele, Saxon.] 

1. The teat J the dug. ^ l^pr. 

». The orifice at which any animal Uquour 

is feparated. l^erbam 

Nl'PPLEWOltT. /. ( Un^Jana, Lat. ] A 

▼ery common weed. 
NISI PRIUS. /. [ In law. ] A judicial 
. writ, which Ues in ^ife where the in^u^ft 

is panelled, and retuttted before the ju/tices 
'^f the bank I the one party or the other 

inaktng petition to have this writ for the 

eafe of their country. It is fo called from 

thefirft words of the Writ, nifidpudtatem 

hcum priut •oenerint. 
NIT. /• [hnitu, Sa«pD.] The egg of a 

lottft. ptrbatn^ 

NI'TENCy. /. [mtentia, Latin.] 

1. Luftre ; clear brightnefs. 

ft. [From nttor, Lat.J Endeavour 5 fprine, 

NITHINC. /. A coward, daftatd, pol- 







yellowiih marl found in the bai:e cliffs 
Qt the Adf s of hills expufed to the nor- 
them luid eaftem wir^' ., Ffom thia fiad 

tibf f4t M ftfV<te4 by waters \^ tbe 

'. crystals into which -it ihoots, as we re- 
ceive them from the Eaft Indies, arc^maiT, 

. iroperfe£^ and impure. .Earths of what- 
ever kind, nioUlened by the dung and ex- 
crement of animals, freqoently afford »<• 
trt 19 large quantities* Tlie, earths at the 
bottom., of pigeoBhottlfs, and thofe of fta- 

. bles and cow-houfes^ all afford nitre^ on 
being thrown into water and boiled, in 
France, where very Uttie nitre is imported, 
they make it from the rubbiih of old mcr- 

. r. tar and pkifier of buildings. There is no 
quefl&on; but a manufadory . of mtre might 
be eftabli/hed in England to as much ad- 
vanuge. a» that qH France. The nitrum 
ot mtre of the ancients, is a genuine, na- 
tire, and pure ialt, extremely different 

. from. ourifffrr, and from all other native 

, falts;.bebg,a fixed alkalis , 

NI'TROUS. a» [nitreux, Fr. from m/fjr.J 
Impregnated with nitre. Blackmorei 

HI'TRY. tf. [from mtre.l Nitrous. Cay» 

NI'TTILY. ud. [from «iV/y.] Loufily. 


NI'TTY. a^ [from «;/ J Abounding with 
the egts of lice. 

Nl^YAL. tf ; [mvaVts^ I.atiji.] Abounding 
with fr^w. • DiB, 

NI'VEOUS. n. [niveuty Lat.] Snowy. Brown* 

NI'ZY./. Adiifce) A.iimpletoa. 

NO. ad^ [ns^ Saxon.] 

I. The word of reHifaJ. CaJawy' 

%» The word of deAial. Boxoik 

. 3« It fometimes ftrengthtM a following 
negative ) 04 n^. fFaUer* 

NO. tf. 
, I* Not any.; none. . 
«ji JNoowei none I aotsuiy,cac« , 


To NOBIIUITATE. v..^. [«e^//ff9, Latinr] 
To make aoble. 

NOBl'LITV./. [noHntau Latin. j 

z. Antiqgji^ of family joined with fpkn- 
dour. Drydi§, 

a. I^^nk or dignity .of feveral de^% 

, conferred by foverelgns. NohiRty in £n&* 
land is extended to ^ve r^ks $ duke, mar* 
quis, pari, viicouiit, baron. 

: 3. The perfons of high rank. Sbakijpearf 
4* Digmty; grandeur; nneatneft. Sidntj* 

KOiBVLa, [nUUfFf. nMif, Lat.J 
X* Of an incient and fplenidid family* 

. ,a. Exalted to a rank above commonalty* 

3. Great; worthy; Ului^nous* mdton. 

4. Exalted; elevated; fuUime. DfydfM' 

5. Magnificent ; ftately. 

6. Fnc r generous ; liberal. 

7. PHocipal ^ capiul : at, the heaft is one 
of the ndle parts. 

JJIO^LE. /. ^ 

I, One ©r high tank, ... ^'^•"; 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


N O.]^ 

4* A coin rtced at fix -€iUliii^ faod ei^Jl^t- 

S:ncc. \ Cam Jen. Baatt, 

^BLE liverwort, f, [hepatica,] A plant, 
NO'BL EM AN. /. [WA; jiti4 iHiiii.] One 
who If ^nnobted, J)ryden» 

JJO'BLENESS. /. [from iwWf.] 

1. Orcatne^j worth; dignity; magna, 
oimity. ' - Sbahffteart, Taylor, 

2. Splendour of defcent. 
NOBLE'SS. / faroW^, Fn]- 

r. Nobility, This word is not now ufed. 

• Spenftr. 

2/ Dignity; greatn^fs* / JBen.JobmfofU^ 

3. Noblemen colledivelyl Sbakcfpeare, 
NO^Ly. ad, [from nobU,] 

- 1* Of ancient and fplendid ex^a£Uon, 


2. Greatly ; illuftriouily, Sbake/peare. 

3. Grandly ; fplendidly. AdSifon. 
NO'BODY. /.-[no and ^.] . No one j 

not any one* ' Chrtndorh 

NCCENT. a. [nocens, Latin.] 

1. Guilty; criminal* Bmm* 

2. Hurthi) ; mifchievous. JHUton, 
^OCK. /. [noccbia, Italian.] 

1. A flit ; a nick ; a notd^ 

2. The fundament. HudibrMs, 
NOCTA'MBULO./. InoxnniMKbuU, Lat.] 

One who walks in his deep. Arbutbnot. 
KOCTFDIAL. a^ [maU and diesy Lat.] 

Compriiing a night and a day. Holder* 

NOCTITEROUS. a. [nox And fero, Ut.J 

Bringing night. 
NOCTl'VAGANT. ir. Im^iva^, Lat.] 

^Wandering in the night. 
NO'CTUARY. /. [from noais, Lat.] An 

account of what paiTes by night, SptShitor, 
NO'CTURN. /. [ tuaurne, ft. noaumu^ 

Ladn.] An office b£ devotion performed 

in the night. Stillingfeee. 

KOCtUOlNAL. 0. [maurmt^ Latin. } 

Nightly. Drydfth 

NOCTURNAL. /. An lnftrao)ent by which 

■ ofafervatioBS ate made in the^ight. 
^ItOD. V. tf. [Of uncertain derivation.] 

1. To decline the head whh t quick mo- 
tioOi . Sbdkefpe^re, 

2. To pay a flight how. . Sbokefpeafe^ 

3. To 'bend downwardt with cpiick w^ 
tion. ' 

4. To be d^rowfy. Aidifim 
>JOD. /, [fiom thii verbal 

I. A quick declination oi the head. 

'^t A quick declination. Sbakefpeare* 

3. The motion of the head in drdwfineft. 

: . Loch, 

4. A flight obeifance. Sbakefpeare. 
NODa'IION./. [from no//*, Lat.j[ The 

aft of making knots. 
NO'DDER./ [from nod>] One who makes 
nods, JP«/>#. 

HCIDDJ^, f. [tmoj, Sar,] A head; M ' 
contempt. Btm, Jobnfon. itifSinghtt. 

NO'DDY./. [from nMndi0» Frefich.] Afi». 
pleton ; an idiot. L^JS/haact^ 

ODE. /. [nodus, Lat,] 
.1. A knot; a knoh. 

2. A fwelUng on the bone. tf^jetiuutm 

3. An intcrfcaion. .. htider^' 
NO'DOSITY./. [from w^dtjm. Lat.] Com- 

plication; knot. Browm. 

Nb'DOUS. a, [nodefust !•«•] Knotty; full 

dt knots. Brywnm 

NO'DULE,/. [iMiWw^ Latin.} A fnvOl 
,. lump. iVoodward* 

NO'GGEN. tf. Hard; tough; harfli. 

i£c0pe ofKitv Cbarleu 
NO'dGIN. /. [ntfil, German.J A fm«U; 

mug. Arbutb9ot4 

NOI'ANCE. /. [See Annojamg^] MiC 
4 chief; inconvenience. . Sbahfpeare* 

to NOIB. V. »• To annoy. An ol4wf>r<l 
. difufcdi ', . Tujir^ 

NOI'ER. /. [from mat.] On^,whe an- 
noys. Tufer^ 
NOl^QUS. a, [»oi^<u ItaUan.] Hurtful 

mifchievous. Sfeefer* 

NOISE./, [noife, Ft,] 

I, Anykind of found, Bacpmi 

a. Outcry ; clamour; b<>aftingor importun 

natetaJk. Baker. 

3. Occafion of talk, . ^ jfddi/diru 

To NOISE. V. n. [from, the noun.] . To 

' found loud. Miltotu 

To NOISE. V, a. To fpread by rumour, 

or report. Luke, ff^otton. Bentiey, 

NOrSEFUl.. a, [noifi md ftdl.] Loud; 

clamorofis. Dryden* 

NOISELESS, a. [from uoifi^l 3Jlencj 

without found, ,^ j - 

NOISINESS, /. [from^ noijy^l * Loudoals v 

of found, , , 

NOrSEMAKER,/. [wcj/Zandflw^r.] qa- 

inot:^er. VEfijKongu 

NOrSOME. tf. \nokf>y Italian] 

X. Noxious ; mifchievous ;. unwhoUbme« 


2. OfFenHve; difgufting. SbaJ^efpeare, 

NOI'SOMELY. fli. [fiom volfqme,} With 

a foetid ftench ; with an infe£^ious fleam. 
NOrsOMENESS./ [frpro noifim.) Apt- 

nefs todi^ttft; offenflvepefs. fimth^ * 

NOI^Y, a. [from nuje.y , 

I. Sounding loud, 

a. Clamorous ; tutbulcAt. Smitb* 

N6lL. /. [hno^ Saxoni] A head ; a nod- 
dle. Sbakefpeart^ 
JN0^LJm§4anger£* t^***] 

.i«^Kiod of cancerous 1 welling. 

"». A plant. Mortimer* 

NOH'TJION./. [nolitie, Lat.] Unwilling* 

nefs. ' Hale* 

NO'MpLES. /• The entrails of a deer. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

N O N 


WtA One wbo calls ^lugs <k peefons by 

tbetr Bfopernamet* • AtUifin, 

KOMtHClA'TURE. /. {nmencimmt, Fn 

monunciattira, Lst,] 

I. The aft of namiaf • !9j«»ff. 

»• A«ocabularyj ft^i^tionary* Brovm, 
K^IHINAL; <f. (nomm^, Lat.] Refer- 

ii»gtoiiMne»nKMi»fliantotlnngi. loM^* 
NO'MiNALLY. luf. £ffMi »Mi9ff«/:] By 

niatte) (iMiatlf. 
To NOMINATE. <r. 0. [iromfW, Lt^.] 

1. To naiat { to meMloii bjr aime. 


%, To entitle* Sfenfir* 

3. To let dows 3 to avpoint by name. 

JIORilKAnriOK. /. [nomiaation, Fn from 

aPMffiffCftft I 

1. Tte aft of menHonlnt by name. Wf^otton, 

s. Thefowerofappoiming. Clartndon* 
IKyMINATfVE./. [nominator Fr.] The 

cafe thatr prknan^ defignatos tbe name of 

JI^Dif; [ UtlA. T Not. It h RCTer nM 

* lepararely, but fometimes prefiied to words 

with a negative power. Pieteg» 

NCyMAGE. /. Tnon and f^e.] Mtnoricyj 

tSmrof life bewre Itgat maturity. 

Crafiattf* ttaU, 
KOKCC. /. [Tbe original of this wOrd is 

uncertain.] Pbrpdre-^ intcMs defSgh. 

KONCONFCyRllHTT./. [mm tti conform 


J. Refbialof compfiaAco. x Watts, 

•• RefufaltojMfli in theleftablifted reli- 

NONCONFCVRlrflST. /. [mw^and <r<Mj/ftr. 

m^.] ' Odeidtbrc^fonitojoiis^tntheefta'' 

b)iflied worihip. ^'t[t. 

HOKE. tf. (oe anft, Sbbtw] 

1. Not one. AHifon.. 

ft. Not any. /Wmi. 

3, Not'other. Oeatfis. 

4. ^MTf ^ fometimes Signifies only em- 
phatically no/. ^Im*. 

KONE'NTITT. /. {non^tA entit^.l 

f. Ifotttfxiftence. Swittwi* 

«. A Aing not exiting. ^0tf».- 

MOffEXl^STENCE. /. [rm ttA-estifitna.l 
Inexiftence \ ftate of not exlillfig; 

I^NJUOIING* a. ftm and >hi^ l^itiii.] 
Belonging te^hofe who wiH not fwear al'^ 
legiance to the Hanoverian ftnily. 

NONJUOIOR./. [fixmi irw»^andj/ttT»r, Lat.] 
One who conceiving James II. nnjiiftly 
deposed, refufesto-fwear aUegiaJBOetotfaoie 
who bave fucceeded him. 

NONNA^TURALS./. {noft natii^t^, Lat;] 
Phy^ftns reckon thei'e to be fix, via. air. 


VfitAt ain Sriidfc^ fldcp Aid ^atthmgy mo* 

tiofi andtdft, retention and excretron^ a^d 

thepAfliooeoftheibnid. Stowtt^ 

NONPARIS'lli./. [isMianl/tf^/, Fr.l 

I. Jljicellence unequalled. Sh/tk^atre*, 

a. A kind of ap^Ie. 

Printers letter df aftiaRfite, Onivhich 

TmaU Kbit! inl Common Prayers are 

NO'NPLUS./. [Tftir ttA pluif Ut.} Ptt^* 

sle$ intfbthty to.iay drdo moit. 

Soutb, Locke^ 
To HCl^VUS. tf, a. ffibm t*e nout.] 

To confound ; to pu^le. fiuMrsfx. Soiub^ 
NONRFSIDENCE. /. [Mm *od t^fidtme.J 

Failure of rcfidcnte. SttAft. 

NOWRE'SIDENT. /. [non and r^dent^} 

One who negkds to live at the Proper 

place. Simfi^ 

NONRESrSTANCE* / [mm and rejlfl-^ 

anct,'\ The principle of not oppofing the 

king ; ready obedienco^o a ftpcriour. 
KO^SENSE. /. [nm tn^finfe.] 

1 . Unmeaning or ungraimnaticai language* 

2. Trifles ; things of no fmportance. | 

UON^'NSICAL. rf. {iVom nta^e.ftl^ , 

meaning ; fooliih. Ray^ 

tlONSElisitALNESS. /. fiVom ntmfenJSi^ 

€ai,'\ Ungfammatical jargmi. 
UCmsO'LVENT./. Tnon and }biW*«ir.] OMd 

who cannot pay his debts* 
IMmSOUT'TfOK. /. [nm attd >/Wff<Wf.] 

Fulure of folution. BroMitm 

NONSPATIING. a, [nm and ft»arifig.] 

MercHefs; alt^deflrbying* ^hakt^iUre^ 
TbNONSUfT. ^. tf. (w>iand/«fr.J Td 

deprive of 1^ btfuefft of a legal pracefs 

for ibme failure in the management. 

BtKyDLE. /. [liom mddU or miA^.] A 

lOol I a nttipletoil. 
NOOK. /. [from an botdt, German.] 4 

comer. i/tfvfdr. 

NOON, f, fnoii, Sax.] 

X. The middle hour of the day. Ihyietu 

%• It is mken for midnight. Dryden^ 

NOOfNDAir./. (im/iand^.] Middaji. 

ShfikHpeHre, . 
IfOO'NDAY. tf. . MertdlonsS. JdMri, 
NOO'NINC. /. [from inm.J Repofk n 

NOO^NTIDE. /. [ntfiH and tide.! Middays 

NOOfHTIDB. #. BiieriA^al. SJbakejpmre, 

KOOSE. /. [nofaJa, entangled.] A run- 
ning knot which the more it is drtwn 
bindvthe dofit. Sandyk 

To NOOSE, v. tf. [from the notin..} To 
tie in a AooA^. io i nt t itmnn ftbe Toirfui* 

NOPE./. A kind of bird callod 1 bulU 
finch or redtaiL 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 


1. A ftarUfle m»ckMig t^c (econi or fiib- 
fc^uent braitcli of a ne|9.tivc fropoii^o. 

2. Two Bciatxies vfi fome^guRf, 
butiU.^ SMfQu^e, 

for nef tJKT ^ as> 

I ixAT lo^e my&lf^ air thee* 

FORTH. /. [|io0ij* Stxon.] The point 
oppofitc t» the ^a ia |he moridiaiw 

KORTH. tf. NQrtRotn. Nmb^s. 

NORTHE'AST. /. [MOfi/e*^ Dmcii,J Th« 

point between Oie north Add esift* 

NO'RTHBIttV. ^l. ( (romwr/iu iBewg 
' towarih tEe norths bv'ham, 

NORTHERN, at p^mnortsi.! Bein^in 

ttie liorth^ Sbaktjpiowtt 

NORXHSTAIC. y: [^enA mdyUr. J the 

p«}e({ar. ShoAsfpeare, 

fTORTHWARO. a^ Ifi^rtk and r*»f^ 

Stvon . 1 6bu>| tQWM4A tbe nocth^ 
WCyRTrfWARD. 1 ai. {north and 

. Towibrd* th« Qort^. Slakebtart. 

WQRTMWE'ST. /; pwr/i? aBdr««^X Ttbc 
\ j^oi^ifi b«ai«Ken> tbft noftk a«4 iiiNft> 

>icb4^atblQW&ifOfntliexioriIu JV4«m 

. f • Toe sfofoiQcncft am tbe fi^y wMb >it 
. the «rgaa of iceoft and. the mnn&QTf of 

tfe Wain. XaOe. 

ft. TheeiidfifanyliuiiCp • IMir^ 

3» Stent ;* iag^eky., 4iaZ/i^. 

. 4* T* /S^ ^ ''^^ Kotx*. ,To dftg hy 

£»rce L at, a bear' by hu ring. To. load 

§.. ?»'/2iN^ iir^ &0?i( ia/to tt^aftir^of 

Otbert. To be a buiy body. 

% 7» j^r «M> Nosx. oKf ofynam To 

^ one oot of the, age/lioa». of anothfs.< 
. X., To iioiot ) to ibell. ^btitfpuite. 

»» To hcc^ to owoie. 
tiiNOSB. 9. »» To look hi^ tou;Uu4er. 
WS£Bl£1sD. / ^ii^aiid iiW.}- i^kM 

of herb. 

a bunch of Soweit . Shaktfp»are» ^ope. 

oofe., $M«$Mf««. 

HQ'^^MART;/. {»^a»d>#^] The 

wSLi. /. [froirf ^o/*.] The eatfcnyty, of 

a rhing,: a$y^ the nM» of a:^ of htllo^. 

NO'soLoov: A r»<<rn «»«* ^W] Ooc. 


KOSOPOFTICIC 0. I4m t9i «Mi».] 

Pcodaciog dife'^Uea* , j^kuUmm. 

K(ySTRIL. /. [«•/«, and «j|U, ahole, SaK.) 

The cavity in the nofe. Akm. 

iVi9'5riU7;tf. A [Latim] A nUdkino «of 

yet made poolick^ but ceaBainiog in iocae 

finglehind^^ StUip^f^ 

NOT. ad, [ne aiA«, Saxon 5 miee, Dutch.] 

1. Tho ^article of ACfatioo or rdfii^ 

. ft* It donota^ cefladon of eatigQioot Ko 
more. %^. 

|iO TABLE. 4. f iwfiiAi^, Fr. n^a^i/fi, tat.] 

I. Remarkable | memorable j oUevrahle* 

Sidn^* Chrendnu 

a. Careful ; buftling. Md^ 

KO'TABLENESS. /. [isom tmtskk^ 4^ 
j)9rme of bufindi. 

KOTABLY. «/. [irom«at<i^J 
r. Memotably |, remarjcably. 
a. With flOQ&qiiencc ; wach ihtw«f im* 
poktance. itf((^%K 

NOTA'RIAXf,V^[fcocii«(^0 TJma 
by a noaary. JhWu 

KO'TARY.i: Jiwftiiri^Fr. iron j»Mr«, 
I«at^] AnofflmwhoCe hu£nefi al ia t» 
tak« nqiaa of ao^ thing wkick auy caK<« 
ccffithepublick*. iMcK» 

uota'tion. yr i;«tf«ri»» tatk«} 

I. The atO^or pfaOiee of aetpidisig ^if 
ittuHl by Jiiark^f tist, bf igusaft m lettan. 

hollMFCutuaanyrdiiaii. ' Ofim 

ToVOTCH. «. «. t'kMk^MNuul To 
cKtin iaiall hoUowat. Grwm^ 

KOTCHW]r£ti*M;Ma a^^MdLl As 
.. lierhcaiiedoraah. 

KOTE. [ibr Hr iMil l^rndl. ;%IN|^ 

VOTE./. (««c^ Ut, «a^ f c] 

K« Mark \ token. #brffr« 

ft. Notice I. keecU ^i^^^^rt, 

3. Rcputadon^coa&^on^ .4^^0( 

. 4« Reproach ; ftignaa. ShaktfpeMre^ 

5. AccoQOtj iafonaatmi V^kteUigenae. 
^« Tune ^ ¥0|cf • Mbn 

7. Sif%le fooadlia fftafick* . XM^ 
ik Sute of boUg obienred«. . . 4mmi| 
0. Short hint; imall papetv S^ahfttare^ 
xo.. Abb^mtioa j. ^a^boW A ab nt 

. X»> A iinalHiriny. . , . Jlhyden. 

Sft. .Writtien paper. ^*i^« 

. <5. Apafor-givoB- inooaMiovo^ addai 


14. ^planaticjis^^inotation. iV/aM* 

NO^E^OOK./ gjio/fandAH»*.J A boi« 
inwhichKOtei and'flMmorandoms are fet 
down* BbH^ptarti^ 

To NOTE. V. tf. ^noto, Latii^ jM^^ir^ ft-.] 
It To obierva t* ^ jemaijc ^ to hved^. m 

ft. To 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

N O *f 

N U 

K ** To JeHvtr ;• ti fet down. Boc^r,'^ 

3. Ta chatge with a crime. Dryden. 

4, [In iitufitk,] T« fet ddwn the Aotes 
of a tune, 

HOOTED, phrf. a^ [from ntfteJ] Rcmarka'-- 
Ijlej «nine;it; «>cbrated. Bo^ls, 

fiO'TER; /. [from note,} He who )»kcj 
: • tioWce, ' * 

J40TH1NG./. [v 7tnaibin^-j fMBfn^fSdtyt-^ 

- i» Negation- of being} nonentity; oni- 

• verfal negation j oppofed to fomething. 


2u Nonexiftenoe; Shakefjpeare, 

' '^ Not any thing: no' particular thing. 

:4» ^^ ***^ thttig« ^/t^. 

• 5. ^o q^lity or degree* ' Ciarendon, 
6. No ioaportance ; no ufc. SpenfeK 

**'5^. tlo poffeffion or fortune. Bhak^fedre^ 

"S« Ho drffieuhy ; no trouMe. ' Ray, 

' ^ Althing of no propoi:tion« Bacon* 

' 10, Trifle ^^fdmethiag of no coniideration; 


SI. Nothing has a kind ^f adverbial fignl- 
^ fteation. In no degreer. KnoHeu 

WOnrHWGNESS. /. [from Wi&of .] 
' '^. Hihilh^ ; ^honexiftcnce* D^ito. 

2. Thtngofnovahie. • • Hudiinfs', 
IWKTICE. T; [mfMv, Fr. jwfiVui, Lat.] 
. <• Remark | heed ; obfervation 5 regard. 
. ^ , .Locke* 

»• Itafdnn^tJOB ; tntefltgeace given or ter 

ceived. * . ' Sbakeffearr, 

NOTIFICATION./. [,*ofi^;o«, French I 

horn n9tifyi}^€t of making known. Ifo/i/. 
To HCTIFy. v. tf, [notijter, Tr,' notifcQ^ 
■' l^at}"- T(MMchre| ta make known. 

ffoolter, ffhitgifie^ 
HOTlONfT: [iwffw, Fr.J ' 

J. Thouc^tj repl-erentatton •f any thing 

• iFotAied by the mind. - Ncioton, 
«. Sentiment; opinion. Attfrhury, §b(^ef, 

KOTIONAL. tf. /from notion.^ 

• 1. Imaginary j idea!, Prhr* 
2. Dealing in tdeas, not realftiea. 

HOTIONA'LITY. /, [^fhmi nothrni, ] 

• Empty, ungretindM opinion; Ctanv\IU, 
KO*TIONALLY. «^. [from wo/WM/J'In 

• idea 5 mentally. • NorHs, 
VCTORVZTV'ifi InoferkfeYFT. ^rorfi wo- 

• eon'iMis,'} Publick knowledge ; publick ex- 
pofere, M^n, 

VOTO'RIOUS; et. '{nmrimf Lat. nouArt^ 
' Vt»\ Fublickly known | evident ^ the 

• world: apparent; riot hidden. fFhft^fte. 
NOTO^RIOUSLY. ad. { from ^torhuu J 

Publickly; evidently. Clareadcn. 

KOTCRIOUSNESS. /. [Aom nofrlotn.} 

ToNOTT. V. «r. To fliQ^r- J^nfrvtrtb. 
IWTWHEAT. > («w and w-fewi.] Qi 

.wheat there are,two XoxtAi French, whidr 

18 bearded, and requircth the beft foil 5 and 

not wheat i fo tertfied becaufe it is unbearded. 
NOT^JWtHSTA'NpiNG. conj. [This word 
' i6^to|1l^y a pirticipia! adjed^ive, as it is 

eom]:otinded of not and nvitbfiandi'nzy Intt 
"'' anfwers exaftly to the Latin non ohfla/ite,] 

I, Without hindrance, of obflru£lion frofin. 

Decay of Piety. 

\ s. Although. , . Addifon^ 

3." I^everthelefti however. Hooker; 

NarUS.n [Latin.] Tht fouthwind. Mikon. 
NOVA'TION. 7. [novatio, Latin.] Th«i 
" introduftipn 01 fomething new. 
NOVATOR, /. [Latin.] The introducer 
^ of fomething nbw. ' * . 

^CVEL. a. [novellusy La^in,], 

I. New; not ancient, r' KingCbarlai 
,2. [In the civil law,] Appendant to the, 

code, and of ht^ enai^ioo; ^/(^. 

NiyVEL. /. [«o«w/&, FreAch.3 

I. Afmalltale. • ! •-• ' Dryden; 

" z. A law annexed to the code. Ayl'iffe*. 
IKyVBLlST. /. [ftom nt^el, ) 

I. Innovator; afTertoriofliovelty. Bacon^ 

1, A writerof Aovete. \ 

V€yV'ELTY.f; [nou^attt/, French.] New- 

neft I ftate of being unknown to iormer. 

timo^. Hfoker*' 

mrSfMBMR. f.-(Uirin(] The eleventh 

mo^bh of the year^ or, the ninth xeckoo»( 

• fi-oih March/' ' • .' * . 
NO'irfeNAky. /. Inovenarius, l:|tin.J 

. Kun^ber orniue. ' ' " Brovnu 

HOVEfRCAL. a, f^overcdiisp ftom nover* 
''^cOf Latin.} '^Having the manner of ftep« 

* mo^er. . , Perbam^ 
NOUGHT. /. [neautit, Sat.] 

- %, Not suiy thing; notjiing. Fairfax. 
»• To fi^ ar nougbti not to value ^ xy 
(light. ' Frvvfrhu 

NOTICE, /. {nqvlce^ Jr. novit'tu^ Latin.] 

I* One not ac^ainted with a«y thing; a 

freik man.. Sbakeheare* 

^ ft. One who has entered a rdigioua houfec 

but not yet taken the voisr. 

NOVITIATE. /, [mnficiat, Fr.] 

I. The ibtn of ^ novice ; the time la 
ivhi^h the nidii|»ents are learned. Soutk* 
'ft. The efme fpent in a religious bon^V If 
way ff trial, befote.thc vpw is taken. 

NO^fTY./. [wtnftw, Latia.] Newnefs|f 
yovelty. Brcwn* 

KOUL. The crown of tht head, SteNort.* 


NOULD. Nevroild; would not. %»/«•« 

NOl/N. /. [nom, French ; . nopient La<iu.J. 
The name ofanythingin grammar. CtarkeM" 

To NOU'RISH. V, a* [nottrrier, French} 
nutrhp Lat.] 
li To en^reaieor fnpport by food. 

: . . . ^ .. ^ nm^.' 

Ot Tofupport; tomaiaUtifl. Sbakd^peike. 

" \ 3. Ta 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

3. To eacoorige; to fbmenh ^ tJookdr, 

4. To train» or educate. 1 7im, 

5. To promote growth orftrength^ as iotA, 

To NOU^I^R. v, 0. To gtia notirilhmeiit. 

Vnnfoil Bae^Mi 

UOV'RIBHABVf. a, fiHm M»r^.] Suf- 

ceptive of Aouriihjiieot* * Grsw* 

^OtTB^lSmK. /. [from nourijb.} the pdr- 

loll or thiol that nourifliet, 

SUikt6>eare. Baeont 
NOU'RISIIMENT. /. [ncmrifment, Fr.] 
; I. That which is giyea or received, in or- 

der Id the fupport or en<!reafe of growth or 
I ftrengthj food; -fufteA;ince. lf§wtm» 

\ 2. Nutrition} fupportof ftien|rh. Miltoit, 
\ I* S«ii^tdtion i iupply of thiogs needfuK 

I Hooker, 

NOtJ'RSLniO. /. The nuffc^ the auriling. 

NOlLJ'RrnjRE. /. [nimrrintre, French.] 
Education ; in&itutioa. Spenfet', 

to NOIJ'SEL. <f. a. To norfe up. Spenfer, 
I KOW. ad. [nu| Sason.l 

I* At this time } at the time prefent. 

$, A little , while ago. SBakf^fitare, 

I |. At ooe time j at another tsmeC Piff>e. 
4. Itisfometimesaparticleof^nne^ion; 
as, if thi8:be true^ ht i» fpahy j ftern thit 
is. true, therefore he is guil^. "Rogers. 

L After this j finci things are fo, in fami- 
fpeech. V^/irange, 

t. ^^ow and then ; at one time and ano- 
ther j uncertainly. Dryden, 
tiOW,f; Prefent moaMnt. <im^. 
HO'WADAYS. 4f^ Intbeprdeatage. 


tl(yWEi>. «.^»M/,heoch.} R«omdMi|# 

wica(he4. Bn^i. 

marriage kn^ CritfHtvn 

ifCyWHEBJfe. adk [no and whtre,'^ Hot in 

awplaee. T'UfatJhn* 

tfCmlSE, /. Not aay ttktaaer or drareo. 

f entity* 
iftyXLOVS. a. [noxius, Lzt'm} 

hHuMii harmAil; banefuL Browm 
.%• Guflty; criminal. Br,a$H^if* 

HCXXIOUSNESS. /. [fiom noaioau.] Hait- 

lulnsia^ infilubrit^. 1 Hammond* 

»<mOUSLY. iui. [froto Hoxkmi.} Hurt* 

/ttUyf pen^c^fly.. 
wO^Zli. /. [firum nopfi} Thiaofej the 

fnoot; theead. Hudibrtft, 

T6 Ny^BLE. V. a. To braife with haady- 

NUfiI>F£ROifS» ai [«i^^«r> Ut.] Briaf- 

ing clouds; 
T6 mrtBiL ATB. <^. a* Imtifih, Lathi.] To 
« <^P«4. . / 

WjkihE. ai ikuhiri, Tr, jtuhiUt, Utln.J 

Marriageabie i fit for mariiaee. Pri^i 

1^ t/ N! 

Ntra^TE^OUS. a. [nncii aad >?«, tat*] 

mj*CLjm. /. rtaOn.] 4 kcmal; wf 

thing aboat which matter It gatheted or 

conglobated. mf^h^ardi 

KtrDATlON./. tfrom mido, tat.] Th«»a 

of making bare or niked. 
NU'DITY. /. [MudU^ Fr. mOiu, LatSa.] 

Nakedpans. Ondau 

NU'EL: SceNiwtt, 
NUOA^Crry./. £«^adi, Latin.] Futili- 
ty J tri£iog talk or behaviour. 
NyOA'TJON. f. [mtg^r, Latin;] The t^ 

or praftice of trifling; Baton* 

NU'GATORY. a. £««^a/fl«i»^ Ut.J. Tri- 
fling} futile. BenUey. 
NUi'SANtE. /. {milfancei fitnch.] 

I. Something noxiouf or o^nflve. ^S^ntB,/ 

1. [Inlaw.] Soroethiog tfakt iacommodet 

the neighbourhood. 
To NtrLL. -Vi a, [muI/m, LtftJia.] To aa* 

nlil I to annihilate. MUUn, 

NtJLU «. ji^liut, Laria.} V^ld i of ao 

force) ineffectual. * Snaifi, 

NULL./. Sooiething of no. power, or nol 

meaning. Baton, 

KULLIJ^1'£TY< /. [from a«//r^f, Utin.] 

The flate of being nowhefe. 
ToNU'LUFY. nf.a. [frdm nu^s, latin.] 

To annul ; ' to make toid. 
NU'LLITY./. [Wi/r^v French.] . 

1. Walit of force or eflicacy. Sonti; 

%• Want of ej^ifleace. ■ Bafif^ . 

NUMB. tf. [b^nuflo^n^ J^aon;] 

i. Torpid J ciull j' niotLonle&. 

%. Prodaciag el^iUacis j beaumblng. 

To NtMiB. V. a* To tbtfkt tm^t^to^ 
aeadens to fluptfy; SM^!f4re; 

NU^$EDN£SS./(from iimiM.] llMser- 
ruption of fenlatiaa* )#^rav/K . 

To NU^MBBR* v. 4, Ufminr^ Fr. mmm 

I. To coant ) to t^ $ to mkba hair 
laaay. ♦ Ntoi^tf.' 

a. Ta rtfckon as wt Of the fame kiad* 

.NU'MBER. /. [wmArt^ Frendi.] . / .. 
Ji The fpe^iet of quantity by which it |^ 
abated how many. Sbakejj^iearis. 

a. Any particular aggregate of units : as^ 
tfvia or odd* Sikukefp^art* 

\* Many } aiort thaa one. AddibjOi 

4. Multitude that ma^ be collated. Mmwu 
|. Compai-ative multitude. BdcikU 

9* Aggregated multitude. Bacbn: 

7. Harmony; proportions calculate^ by 
number. MiiUii* 

t, V erfes 5 poetry. p^e. 

9. In the noan is the varlaticAi of Change 
of terminatk>a to figftify a number more 
than oae» Clarke • 

4 6 KU'M« 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


N U R 

^U'MBERER. /. [from numher^} He who 
t|un)(ers. ' • 

NU'MBERLESS. a, [from namter.'] Innu- 
merable J more than can be reckoned. * 
Denbam. S^viff. 

NU'MBLESS. /. [ttomhies, French.] The 
entraiit of t dt er. Bailey. 

NU'MBNESS. /. [from numb.'] Torpor ; 
dea<^nefs-; ftupefatlion. Milton* 

NU'M€RABLE. a, [numerahilis, Latin.] 
Capable to be numbered. 

NlTMERAL.ji. {numeral^ French.] Relat- 
ing to number ; confiftlng of number. Locke, 

NU'MERALLY. ad. [from nuweraL] Ac- 
cowling to number. Brcivn» 

NU'MERARY. a. [numerus, Latin.] Any 
thing belonging to a certahi number. 

NUMERA'TION. /. [mmerauon, 7 xcncYx.] 

I* The art of numbering. Lvcke, Btcnvn. 

2. The rule of arithmetick which teachrs 
' the notation of numbers and method of 

reading numbets regularly noted. 
l^UMRR^roR. /. [Latin.] 

I. He that numbers. 

». [Numerateur,Tr.] That number which 

fcTves as the common meafurc to others. 
NUNfE'RICAL. a. [fwrnnumeruff Latin.] 

I. Numeral} denoting number. Locke. 

a. The fame not only in kind or fpccics, 

but number. SoUtb. • 

NUME'RJCALLY. ad. [(torn numerical.']' 

Rtfpeclingfamenefs in number/ B<f)le. 
NU'MERlSr. /. [from numerus, hum.] 

One that deals in numbers. Brown. 

NUMERO'SITY. /. [kent numerofus, htt.] 
*' I. .Number} the ftate of being nu.iierous. 


». Harmony j numerous flow. 
NUOVf EROUS. 0. ^umtHfus, Utin.] 

i« Containing many } confiftingof many; 

not few. IValler, 

%, Harmonious; confifttii^ of parts rightly 
• nMAbered} melodious j-mufical. 

Waller. Dryden, 
KU»MtROUSNESS. /.'[from numerous.] 
*i. The quality of being numerous. 

». Harmony j muftcalnefs. » Driden, 

NU'MMARY. a. [irom nummus, Lat.] Re- 

lating to money, ArbuthnoU 

NU'MSKULL. /. [nttmb tn^Jkuli] 

X. A dullard } a dunce j a dolt ) a Uotk- 

head. . * 

a. The head. In burlefquc. 
NU'M&KULLED; a, [from numfiulL] Dullj 

ftupid-) dohiih. 
NUN. /. A woman dedicated to the feverer 

duties of religion, feduded in adoiiVer from 

the world. Addljon, 

NUNr /. A kind of bird. Ainfwmb, 

NUNCIATURE. /. [from nuncio^ Latin.] 

The office of a nuncio. 
i'U^KCIO.f. [Italian \ from nunchs, Latin.] 

X. A meiTengerf one that brings tidingf« 


%. A kind of fpiritual envoy from the pope. 

Alter bury* 

NU^NCHION./. A pieccofFiaualseatci^ 
between meals. Hudibras* 

NUNCUP ACTIVE. 7 a. [nuncupatif, Fr.l 

NUNCUPA'TORY. S PoWickly or fo- 
lemnly declaratory ; verbally pronounced. . 

NUNDINAL. 7 a. (nundinal, Fr. from 

KU'NDINARY. $ nundina, Latin.] Be- 
longing to fairs. 

NUNNERY. /. [from nun.] A houfc of 
nuns, of women dedicated to the feverer 
duties of religion. Dryden* 

NU'PTIAL. a. [nuptial^ French ; nuptialis, 
Latin.] Pertaining to i^arriage. 

NU'PTIALS. /. [/f«/>//.r, Latin.] Marriage. 


NURSE. /. [nourrice, Freach.] 

I. A woman that has the care of another*! ' 
child. Raleigb* 

%. A woman that has care of a fick per- 
Ion. Sbakefpeare, 

3. One who breeds^ edocatesy or protects. 


4. An^old woman, in contempt. Blaekm, 

5. The ftate of being norfed. Geaveiand, 

6. In compofition, any thing that fupplies 
food, Waltw* 

To NURSE. V. a, Knwtrlr, French.} 
I . To bring up a child not one*8 own. 

^%, To bring up any thing young. Drydem. 

3. To feed $ to keep} to mamtain. 


4. To tend the fick. 

5. To pamper ) to foment \ to encourage. 

NU-RSIR. /. Iftomnurfe.l 

I. One that nurfira. Sbak^jpeare^ 

7.. A promoter : a fomenter. 
NU'RSERY. /. [from.»»r>.] 

1 . The a£l or office of nurfing. Shaiefp, 

2. That which is the object of a nurfe*s 
care. Milton. 

• . 3 . A plajitation of young trees to be tranf? 
planted to other ground. Bacon. Addijon, 

' 4. Place where young children are norfed 
and brought up. Bacon, 

5. The place or ftate where any thing is 
foftere'd or brought up. Sbakejpeare, 

NU'RSLING. /. [from nUrfe.] One nurfed 
up ; a fondling. Drydeu* 

NU'RTURE./. [contrived fifomwwrrri/ifrf, 

1. Food } diet. Milton, 

2. Education } inftitution. Spenfer, 
To NU'RTURE. v. a. [from the noun.] 

I. To educate } to train } to bring up. ' 
%. To nurture up ) to bring by care and 
food to mttority, Bentley, 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

« U T 

1^ Y S 

To NV'STLE, V. tf. To fondle 5 to cheriA. 

NUT. /. [hnut, Saxon.] 
1. The fruit of certain trees t it coniHb 
of a kernei covered by a hard flielK 

s. A /malt Iwdy with teeth, which corre- 
fpond with the teeth of wheels. « ' Ithy, 

NU'TBROWN. a, [nut zn^ brown.'] Brown 
like a nvt k^ft long* Mi Inn, 

NU'TCRAQKERS. /. [mtt and crack,] An 
infbtizbent-tfed to enclofe nuti and break 
them. yfddifon, 

NU'TGALL. /. Inut and gall,] Excrefcence 
of an oak. Brown, 

NirrfiA^CH. 7 * 

NIT'TJOBBER. > /. A bird. Ainjwortb. 


NiyTHOOK./{wf and book.] A ftick with 
a hook at the end. Sbahejfeare, 

NU'TMEG. jfc [»«rfand«jr^tftf^,FV.] Thei 
mirffi^lgp is a -k^n^l of a ferge ftuit not unlike 
die peach, and feparatcd from that and from 
its iHTeft^nt coat; the ftiace, beforer it is 
fent over <o us 5 except that the wh^le firiiit 
is fometimcs fent over in preferve, by way of 
fWcct-meat or as l^curiofftyr The nutmeg 
is r<»undifli, of a compact texture, and its 
•furface furrowed^' it is of- an extrfetnefy 
agireeable fmell and an aromatffk ^fte. 

• The tree which pjodweesthem is fjot unlike 
our pear-tree in its manner of ^owlh : its 
leaves^ whether greert or dried,, have^ when 

bmifed, a very fragrant finellj and thtf 

trunk or branches, cut or broken off, yield 

a red liquor like bteod. ' 'HiH, 

NU'TSHELL. f, \nut ;in6Jbel/.] The hard 

• futftance that indofcs the kernel of the nut. 


NU'TTREE^j: {»i.f and fr«.] A tree that 

bears nuts ; a hade. ' Dry den. 

NtTTRICA'TION. /. [nutrkatto, Latin.] 

Manner of feeding or being fed. Brown, ^ 

KU^TRIMENT. /. [nutrimentum, Latin.] 

Food J alinierir. South, 

NUTRIME'NTAL. a, ffrom nutriment.] 

Having the qtialitfcs t)f i^od. Arbutbnot^ 

NUTRI'TIO;^. /. [iitt/r/V;<)», French.] The 

. aft or quality of nourifhing. Glan'VtUe, 

NUTRITIOUS, a, [from rutrio, Lario.] 

. Having the quality of nouriljiing. 

' . " ■' Arhuthnot, 

NU^TRITIVE. <». [from nutrto, Lat.J Nou- 

riffling; nutriments^. ' ^ • 

NU'TRITURE, /. [from nutno, Lat.] The 

power of nouriining. - ' Harvey; 

ToNU'ZZLE.'t*. fl.fcorruptpd from nurjle.} 

, I, To nurfe J t* foftcr. SiJitey, 

• ' 2. To go with the:;iofe down like a hog- 

' ■ ' • .. Arhutbnor, 

NYMPH./, [vvfA'Pv.] •, \ 

^= I. A godd^ls tjf* the woods,* meadows, •«# 

■ waters. '■ * *'^ '-' * * - i}a^^s, 

a. A lady. In pOetry. , H^idler. 

NYS* [Acom^tionof «f*.] Nonei»; not 

• IS. .. , • ^ * Spenfer, 



O A K 

a A R 

OHas in Engjiih, a long fotmd | as, 
drone^gm^M fi^ne j . OJr ihort> ^ot, 
' knot,feot. It ft ufiially denoted long 

by a fcrvUc.a iM^IJoiiwid ; ^^h ^toan ; or l^ 4 
.. at the end o^thc fyUable ; as, bo^e. ' r 

I. O is ufed' as aa injtcrjeftionof wifhlng 
* or exclf ipa^PH'i V Dec^^y^iff Pitty* 

\ %, O is ufed h^^§1:^iSptare for a pifde or 
, p¥al i as, -withui fjm wooden (?*^ r, ) 
OAF./. ' 'H . , . , 

I. Actan^liflg^ afoolifhchildJcftby th^ 
' fairies* - _ t>ray^n, 

%.• A doltf a' blockhead : an idiot. j 

OA'FISH.- 4. [from fltf/.] Stupid j dullj 

doltift. , J ^ , 

OA^ISHNESS^. /. ffirom oajip] Stupidity 5 

dttllnpfs. • / . • '^;) 

OAKo/. [ac» sjc, Saxon.] The MAtrcehiith 

' 'male flowers.' tt'e embryos afterwards 
^ h^copM acorm in bard fcaly^ups | the leavef 
^ are finuated,. The fpccics are five. MiJier, 
Oak. \E'vergretn.\ The wood of this tr«f 
is very good for many forts of tools. 

■ _^- ' • .. ■'' \ ^M^^ 

OAKA'PPlE.7. \oak uni-dffle.] A kini of 

fpongy cxcre^nce on-the oak* -^^ff* 

OA'KEN. a. [/rom- m/J Made of o?c , 

Inhered from oak. * ^ ' ^ Arbutbnot, 

'gl'kENP^N.v/... Anapplg. . Mortimer^ 

Xi^JiVM. /. ,..Cord8>ntWiUc4 and reduced 

to hemp. ' f'l^ ' Raleigh, 

'OaK.'/. {ape, Saibdn.] A long pole with/i 

^ Abroad, end^ i*^,' which vcfliels are driven ip 

'.'.the water. '* ' ' ' ' ^ilk'fns, 

3*0 OAR. ^*^», [(^Bx the noun.] To rov^u 

^ *f>/>^' 

• * 4O a ' Ta 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



To QAE* «s ii« Ta imf el by.rqwln^. • 

.' Mr J Hu'viAg the fotm 

< Not in nfc. Mortimfr» 

I It and Ctfltf.j Cake made 

ittv Peaebam, 

I n QOf,] Made of oate ; 


1 »ii.} An t^nrationy ne- 

, CotTobflirfUed by the at- 

lylne Being. Ba€9n, 

I (xom^tb^ A WMTd not 

Imringao oath adminU 

I 3./ rfidii& voA break.^ 

Ktion oi an oath* 


p ATMALT. /. [<wf and mdk,^ Malt made 

of oatSa Merttmtr* 

OAtMEAU /. [04ir aiui mtal.) Iknver 

flMde jitf guiding oats* ArbutbtH* 

gA^tldSAL. /. AnheriK Jinfworfb. 
^TS« £ [avq^Svioo.] Agnott, whiok 
i» Bni^and is generally giveii to horiSK. . 


fiATTHlStLE. /. [eat and /^j/f/g.j An 

bcrb* , . j^mfwprti^ 

O^AMsauATV^^A i^Wtfi^xio^ fi|>«i 

dofthUp i^t J the aa of walking about. 

to 0BDU'<Si «r. tf, [fiMi^ L^tin.]; Tt> 
diaw.ovcrasacorering. " /if&, 

OBIDtr^CTION. /. [ftomMuffio, tbduc; 
Iiatln.] T^ t€i of coveringy or laying a 

^ CQfcrr 

(dmu^ACy. A (fnnif^Mrr^.} k)i|er. 
fbk wkke^neu) impenitence 5 hardnefa of 
hcirt. Sputb, 

(raDlTRATE. m, [tbdnrmMs, Latin.] 
I. Haind oi heart; inflexibly obftinate In 

ilte. to ftttlkqf ity iftoir pIMnt liiiA corfiMtflfl 
df 0fQhibitian { obf<^ui^i« TMtfom 

whdUkt,^ According f6 the iMle of ob«di- 

euce; iMOic 

lAB'DlEtltLr. A/. C^«ioiMliir.) ^Hk 

OBEOSANCI; /. Uht^anct, Fr J A bow r 
a. courtesy ; an ztk of reverence. Sbakefp, 

O^BELlSifC. /. (.^i/'r«f, Latin*! 

r. A magnificent high piece of marble, or 
flone^ hayi^ig ufually four facoh and lo0««i- 
ing upwards bj degrees. Harris, 

1. Asfi^k of centre i«tfa«maf|ii| of % 
boolcy in the form of a dag^ [f }. 


6BE<anT ACTION. / [^m tbtfmt^y Lat, J 
The ad of riding about. 

OBEltRA'TION. /. [irom«^<ryy,Latia.] 
The a£l of wandering about. 

0B£^^ «. [«^^ Latin.] Jatj lootal 
with /lelb. 

0BFSENESS.7 /. [frofn MkA MorbM 

OB^'SITY^. J fatneftij Grnm. 

To OBEY. V. tf. [aArFr, French.] To p^r 
fubmiifioM to^ to comply with, fram tC4 
verence to authority. Jimmn, 

OBJECT. /. [**fie«, Fh^kA.] 

i^ Thj^ abont which «iy fosver or ioculty 
jaemploytdr Bamm^nd. 

^%^ Something fvelan^ to the ftofoo to 
r^loany a^ffAio»<of emotion in the mind. 
), rii¥ grammav.] Aof thing infloenced 
by irmewhat elfie. CM^r. 

O'BJEpTQLA^S./. QUia lemoteft frm 
t^ eye. Iftwt0n, 

to OifJE'CT. ^ «. I*bje0ir, Ff. ^bjuh, 

J. To<>ppo£i5 to present jL»«9||o6ti09*: 

BSCCH, P9p€. 

a. To propofe u a charge criminal, or a 
re^fon adveriir» v • H" " 

OBJE^T^ON. fi lohjeahHTfTt. 

I. The i£t of preienting any thing in op« 

^a. Criminal charge. Sbak^eare. 

g. Adverfe argument. fimmet, 

4. Fault found? ; f^a/A, 

OBJECTIVE, s. Uhjeflif, French.] 
|. belonging to th^ o)>jeii^ l . contained 14 
theobjed, '' Wati^ 

' It, Mfad^ ta oKjeftf pi^&d'Aa irin objeA 

7, In manner of an objeA.^ iMke* 

X. in a i^ate or '4>{>pontio& Brtttfw* 

O'BreCTJVBNESS, fi ffit>m tf^tB^de.} 

Tile iUte of being ajr'^olijea'. Bkle, 

OBjrCTOR. /. [ftomi*^]. CNMf who 

oSkn. objeAioQ^, ^f/kchmm 

P»felT. /. [a corroptfon jjf Mt, tit obiint, 

fittt&;t Funeral ob^quies. jfhiftUmtb. 
to PBIITRPATE. V. a, [^rjtp, Latih.j 

Kl^eftfde} to^replovn. 
OBiyRQATION.^. [•^>qr^w, LattoJ 
' KepitiOf f roprfhennbii. ' Mr^ntifgfff 

QBIU'ROATORY. a. [pijurgiit^rim, L«t,1 

l^t^hxBifffJ I fulpatovy f dHdlng. - ^ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



OBLATION. /. fjMuhni Ft, Mam, Lit.] 
AnoflTering; a/acriike. ^i#£ 

OM^ICTATION. /. [MA«l^/f«» LatiA. ] 
Diiight; pJeafore* 

To O'fiUOATE. v« #; [oA/i|:«, Latin.} T4 
bind by rootra^fc or int^. 

OifclGATlON. /. [cilizMfo, from«i%p, 

1^ The binding power of any oath, tow, 
dotyf cMtaaa.. . OUn^Uef 

». An a£t which binds any man to 4)tne 
pcribt]iianae« T^^yAw-i 

J. ^voor by whicfc one is bovnd to gra- 
titude. Sinttbk 

CKBLIGATORY, m. Ofiom-cM^jf*.] Im- 
pefing an obligation^ Wading ) coerci^. 

Ti^OBtI/G£. ^ A f0%n Pr. Jii^i^^ 

I. To bind ; to impofi obligation ) to com* 
peltolancKhiAg. Rogtru 

»• To indebt \ to lay obligations of grati-* 
tttd4. i^rjdei. 

%* Tofl«ale$ tograti^ Somb. 

OBUGEE'. r. Xhom oblige.'i The petlbn 
ibund by a legal or vvriiten contra^* 

OBM^OBMBNT. / [o^l^ment, Freneh.] 
CMgatlon. Dryden, 

OtLI^SR./. Ife-wbobiJids by «antr»». 

OBLJ^GING. /iteK« A yhti^nt, Fr. fi^m 
•i/i^^.j} Ci^iJj £onif4ai£uit; tti'^M^ 
*«|aging. Pope. 

&SkiV&mchY. ad. [fromal/f^*^.] Cttil- 
If) com^iAAdy. Addifirt: 

t. Obligation ; force. Decay of Fiitj* 

^ Civility $ oMapkriTanae. 
OiUQUA'^riON. /. {MfmatU, ftom 

«M^^ Latin . ] Declination trom perpen - 

dkl^Htyi obliqojiy. Newtott. 

tm^E. a. lokHptm, Latbi.J 

f. mt diyed ; not pctpandicuhr ; not 
, ^nUeU Bacon, 

«. llordlreft. Viedof^inAi. ^bak^peart. 

.3*. [^ gramniar.} Any cl6 in nettns cx- 

di^t the aominati^pr. 
OfiLltQJBLy. ad. Ihm^ibrmmA 

h Not dire^y $ not perpendicularly. 

>• Not in die intttedilte ordiredn^ean* 

OBLfH^^IOIESSwT/ lMfia,Iu ham 

I. Aviation from phynlal remade; dc« 
iriltiQir liNMIi paralleltfni or perpendieala^ 
nty; Mi/ton^ 

»* iMation from m o i nl r e ftk o de , ^m»/^* 

^ To wear out; to dtfflroy; to elKc*; 

OBLTTERA'TION. /. {Mterath, Latin.] 

'EiTaAement^ oetinAion* HaU, 

0«t,I^ION. /. [oblhuio, Latin.] 

!• Forgitfblneftjeeiraiionoffentfflbrancd 


ft.- Amnafty ; geacttl pardon ^ ortme^ in 

• ftate. I^<rvtV$« 

OBLFVIOUS, tf« [abUmoJn, Latin.} Cataf- 

. jng forgetfuintfs. PMttftl 

dfftCNG. tf. [06^«2iM, Ladn^]- Loi^ 

«han broad. Ma&tt^ 

aBf«<yKGLY. sdi [fidmaMff.] Inan^b. 

long diiieftion« <!%aa. 

OBLO'NCHESS. /, [ffm^M^,} Hi 

Ihite of being oblottg. 
O'BLOQjnr. /. ^aM>M0^ tatln.] ' 

I. CenMona i^ew J UiMiei flan^r^ 

ft. Caii^ofrcpr««eb) dl%rite« A/h&/>. 
OBMUTE'SCENCE. / [from •A*a/^f<u 

Latin.] Lois of i^eeeii. Brpttfi 

OBM<yXiOUS. a. lobMotiht, Latin.] 

I. ftubjeft. Batom, 

ft. Liable to pwi M h tt te n t. Cahwy^ 

OraCXIOUSHBSS. /. [fbm **,4/a*i.l 
SabjeatMi ;, Mabl«nefii to pnnHliniettt. 

OBNO XIOUSLV. ad, ffrom cbmxhnk.^ 
Uk a fiate of fabjedtion f & t&e fiate of ond 
liable to puoiflidM<kt« 

ToOBWBILAT^, ^ a. lobnuSii, Ltti 

. Tocloud; toobA;«m» 

O^BOLI. /. [a6«^, Latin.] Inpharmac^i 
twehre grains. Slinfk»ort&. 

OMtfirrK>N. /. Iobref4i0, Lathi.J Tht 
•it of cvteping on. 

XoOBRCGATE. v, a. [obrigf, Eatfh.] 
Tft pmdaim a contrary law for the diflfltt* 
tion of the former. 

OBSCTNE. a. [obfemna, Latin.] 
s^ lamodeft^ ndt agreeable to chaftitj^of 
fliia^ AffAroa. 

ft. Ofienlive; difgiafliiig. Drydet?, 

f « JftanTpiciottS j 111 omened. DrpUup 

OPSGE'NELY. ad, [frwn cbfcene,} la an 
ioi^ore and imchafle5maiiner. 

OBSCB'KENESS*^/. [^Qm<«5/^«Te.} ImA 

OBSCE^KITY. i purity of thought or 
langeagc; nnchaSity: lewdnefr. Dryded. 

OBSCUlt A'TION. / [9l^atto, Latin.] 
I. The aa of darkening. Marnetf 

ft. A ftate of being darkenei. 

OBSGUOIE. a, [obfcurus, Latin.] 

t« Dark ; unenlightened } gklomy, hhi 
dtriflir fi^. Miffoftm 

ft. Living in the dark. Shak^peare, 

ft. N^ eafily inteiilglble ; abdhife ; dif^ 
ncolt. Jhyden^ 

4. Hot noted I i^ obierralje. Atterbur^^ 

T9 V^^^^P ^ ^ [<M^0^ Latin.] 

•I. Ta ' 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


O B S 

11 To darken ; to make dark* P^, 

2., To make lefs vifible. Brtni/rt, 

3. To make left intelligible. Hokfer, 

4, To make Icfs glorious, beauti/ol, or il- 
luflrious, Drytkn. 

OBSCU'RELY. ad. [from obfatre.} 
1. Not brightly ; not luminoufly. 
A. Out of £gbt 'f privately i without no- 
tice. Mdifin, 

3. Notele«rly| not plainly. 

OBSCU'RITY . S /• W(^'''f<^^> Latin.J 

I. Darknefsj want of light. Dome, 

. 3. Unnoticed ftate $ privacy. ' Drydat^ 

3. Darkncfs of meaning. . Bnle, hecke, 
bBSECRA'TlONv /. Ickfecratic, Lati».} 

Intreaty; fupplicatjon. Stilling fiuti 

O'BSEQUIES. /, [cbfefuesy French.] 
)• Funeral rtus j funeral iblemoities. 

' Sidney, 

a. It is found in the fingular, perhaps mere 

properly. Crafifota, 

OBSE'QUIOUS. a. [from ohfequittm, Lat. J 

I- Obedient $ ^ccmptiant$. not refilling. 

. 2, In Sbakeffearfi fudtrtl. 
PBSE'OyiOUSLY. ad, [kom obJefyi(ms.] 

1. Obediently*; \iitU compliance. Drydem 

2. In Sbahfpean it %oifies^. with funeral 

OBSE'QUIOUSITl^SS. /. [from cbfefmioas,] 
Obedience ; compliance.. Soufb* 

OB«E'RVAB^E^. 4. Cfrom cbferv0, Latin.] 
Remarkable ; eminent* • Rogers, 

OBSE'RVABLY.W* [frwsiobfervable,]^ 
. a manner worthy of note.. Bmwn, 

OBSE'RVAJ^GE, /. [obJen;ance,TttXithXi. 

1, Rcfpe£l ; ceremonial reverence. Dryden, 

2. Religious rite. - RogeriL 
, ^ 3. Attentive pra£lice. Rogers. 

4. Rule of pradice. Shaie^emre, 

5. Careful obedienct. ite^aii 
- 6. Obferyation ; attention* . Btile. 

7. Obedient regard. JVotton. Rofcotmton, 
OBSE'RVANT. a. [ohjefvapt, Latin.] .^ 

I, Attentive ; diligent 5 watchful. Rale'^b, 
/ 2., Rcfpe<5VfulJy attentive. Popei 

'}. Meanlv dutiful ; fubouflive. Raleigb. 
OBSE'RVANT. /. A llavifli attendant. (> 
OBSERVA'XION./. [oifervatlo, Lzuh.} 

1. The a£t of obferving, noting, or r^ 
marknig. Rogtrs, 

2. Notion gained by obferving ; note ; re- 
mark. ' fyamh 

•BSERVA'TOR. /. [obfervateur^ Fr. from 
cbferi'Oy Latin.] One that obfervesj are- 
marker. Dryden, 

OBSE'RVATORY. /. [obfervatoirf, Fr,] A 
place lullt for agronomical obfervation^t 


ToOBSE'RVE. v. a, [obfervo, LatinJ .* 
X. To w.-.tch j to regard attentively. *2aylor. 

.2. To find by attention $ to note. £klr« 

3. To regard or keep reUgtoufly. EtMhts. 

4. To obey j to follow. » 
To OBSE'RVE. V. «. 

1. To be attentive. Wsm* 

2. To make a remark. / Pope, 
OBSE'RVEl^. /. [fram obferve.] 

1 . One who looka vigilantly on peribns and 
things. S^u 

2, One who looks on ; the beholder. 

, 3. One who keeps any law or cuftom or 

prance. . Baaw, 

OBSE'RVINGLY. ad, [from obfenvimg.] 

Attentively; carefully. Shakefpe^re, 

PBSE'SSION. /. [obfeffio, Latin.] 
. x» The aa of. befieging, ' ' 1 

%, The firft attack of Satan, antec^nt to 

pBSI'DlONAL. a, [tbjidknalis, Lat.] Be- 
longing to a fiege. Diff, 
OBSOLE'TE. a, lobfiletus,, Latin.] Worn 
. out of ufe ; difufed ; unfaibiooable. 

OBSOLETENESS./. [homobjolete,'\ Sute 
. of being worn out of ufe ; unf»ihionable- 

O'BSTACLE. /. [obftacU^ Fr. obfiacuUm, 
' Latin.] Something oppgfed ; hinderance | 

obftru^ion. CoUier, 

QBSTETRICA'TION. /. [from obftetricw\ 
I Latin,] The office of a midwife. > 

OBSTETRICK. «• [fron» obfietri^, Lada.] 

MidwiAfh; befitting a midwife | doing the 
. midwi<e*8 office* Duncttdi 

P'BSTINACY. /. [obflituffid, Lat.] Stab- 

bomnefs ; contumacy ; peninacy ; pcftfiA« 
. cncy. Lp(h, 

O'BSTINATE.'*. [o4/fii«f/»i,Lat.] Stub- 
f bom { contumacious ; Bxed in refolutiom) 

O'BSTINATELY. ad. [from tbfiinam.] 

Stubbornly; idAexibly. Clarttfkin 

CBSTINATENESS. /. [from obfiinaU,\ 

OBSTlPAi'TlQN. /. [fr^m obftipo, Latifi.] 

The a£l of popping up any patiage* * 
OBSTRE'PEROUS. . a. [ob^referut, Uf,} 

Lotid; clamorous; nolfy; tarbulcnt^ • ««t 

ciferoua, Dry^sn, 

OBSTRE'PEROUSLY. ai. [from objfrefi* 

reus. ] Loudly ; clamoro^Hy. 
OBSTRE'PEROUSNESS. ;. [from obpe- 

pofous,} Loodnefs ; damonV ; noife. 
OBSTRI'CTION. /. [from obJiHaus, ,Lat,J 
. Obligation ; bond. Milton, 

To OBSTRU'CT. v. a. [obftrno, Latin.] 
', I. To hinder; ^o be in the way of;. to 

(>lock up ; to bar. • Arbuth^ot, 

%. To oppofe ; to retard, 
OBSTRU'CTER. /. [from obfirua,"] One 

that hitKlers or oppoft$. * . 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

O B T 

OBSTRUCTION. /. [Ufinah, Utin.] 

1. Hind^rancei difficulty. Denbam* 

2. Obi^acle; impediment. Clarendbn. 

3. [In phyfickj The blocking up of anj 
canal in the Buman body, ,fo as to prevent 

, the flowing of any fluid through it. 

4. In Sbakeffeare it once iignifies fome- 
thing heaped together. 

OBSTRirCTIVE. a. [ohjiruaif, Fr. from 

chftru^,] Hindering $ cauiOng impediment. 


OBSTRU'CTIVE. /. Impediments obftacle. 

CBSTRUENT. a. [«*;Jrtf««, Latin. J Hin- 
dering } blocking up. 

OBSTUPEFA'CTJON./. [oifiupefacie, Lat.] 
The aft of inducing ftupidity. 

OBSTUPEFA'CTIVE. a. ffrom obfttifefa- 
do, Latin.] Obfiru£ling the mental pow- 
ers- Abbot, 

To OBTA'IN. w. a, [obthiM, LaUn.] 
I. To gain 3 to acquire j to procure Epb, 
%, To Impetrate j to gain by concefiion. 


To OBTAI'N. v,n. 
I. To contimie in ufe. Baker, 

U To beeftabliihcd. Dryden. 

X, To prevail } to Aicceed. Bacon, 

OBTAl'NABLE. a. [from obtain.l To be 
procured. Arkutbnot, 

OBTAl'NER. /. [ium obtain,] He who 

To OBTE'MPERATE. v. a. [obtemperer, 
French 5 obtemfero, Latin.] To obey. 

To OBTE'ND. v. a, [obtendo, Latin.] 

1. To oppofe ; to hold out in oppofitioo. 

2. To pretend ^ to offer as the reaibn of 
. any thing. - Dryden, 
OBTENEBRA'TION. /. [oh and tenebra, 

Lat.] Darknefs j the flate of being dark- 
ened. Bacon, 

OBTE'NSION. /. [from obtend,] The aft 
of obtending. 

To OBTE'ST. V, a, lobteflor, Latin.] To 
befeech j to fupplicate. Dryden, 

OBTEST A'TION. /. [obtefiatin, Lat. from 
•biffi. ] Supplication ; entreaty. 

OBTRECTA'TION. /. [obtreaot Latin.] 
Slander; detra^Vion ; calumny. 

To OBTRU'DE. 1/. a, [obtrudo, Lat.] To 
thruft Into any place or fiate by force or 
impofhire. Hall, 

OBTRU'DER. /. [from obtrude,} One that 

. obtrudes. Boyie, 

J^BTRU'SION. /. [from obtrufus, Latin.] 
The a£l of obtruding. Kinr Charles, 

OBTRU'SIVE. a, [horn obtmde,} IncUnci 
to force one's felf or any thing elfe^ upon 
others. Milton, 

ToOBTU'ND.v. tf. [«7^/tfiT<fo, Latin.] Tf 
blimt 3 to dull ; to quell ; to deaden. 


O C C 

OBTURA'TION. /. ffrom obturatms, Lat.] 

The ȣt of flopping up any thing with 

fomething fmeared over it. 
OBTU<SANGULAR. a. [from obtnfe and 

angle.] Having angles larger than ri^C 

OBTU'SE. a, [obtn/m, Ltti/i.] , 

I. Not pointed j not acute. 

%, Not quick; dull; ftupid. Milton^ 

3. Not (hrill ; obYcure s as, an obtufe found* • 
OBTUSELY, ad, [from obtufe,] 

1. Without a point. 

2. Dully; fiupidiy. 
OBTU'SENESS. /. [from obtufe.] Blunt- 

nefs; dolnefs. 

OBTU'SION./ \from obtufe,] 
I. The aa of dulling. 
%, The f!ate of being dulled. Harvey* 

OBVE^NTION. /. [•bvenio, Latin.] Some- 
thing happening not conftantly and regu- 
larly, but unceruvnly. Spenfer* 

To OBVE'RT. V. a, [obverto, Latin.] To 
turn towards. Boyle, 

To O^BVi ATE. V. a, [from obvius^ Latin ; 
obvier^ French.] To meet in the way ; to 
prevent. Woo^h»ard^ 

O'BVIOUS. a, [obv'tui, Utin.] 

1. Meeting any thing; oppofed In front to 
any things Mi ton, 

2. Open; eipoied. Milton* 

3. Eafily difcovered ; plain; evident, 

OBVIOUSLY, ad, [Uom obvious.] Evi- 

dently; apparently. Locke. 

O'BVIOUSNESS. /, [from obvious.] State 

of being evident or apparent. BcyU, 

To OBU'MBRATE. v. a. [obumbro, Lat.] 

To ihade ; to cloud. 
OBUMBRATION. /. [from <dmmbro, Lat.] 

The Z&. of darkening or doudihg. 
OCCA'SION. /. [<vftf>, Latin.} 

I. Occunence ; cafaalty ; incident. 


%. Opportunity ; convenience* Genefis. 

3. Accidental caufe. Spenffr. 

4. Reafon not cogent, but opportune. 


5. Incidental need ; cafual exigence. 

To OCCA'SION. V. a, [from the noun.] 

1. To caufecafually. jitterbury. 

2. To caufe ; to produce. Templel 

3. To influence. Locke. 
OCCA'SIONAL. a. [from oecajhn.] 

1. Incidental ; cafual. 

2. Producing by accid^t. .^ ■ Brown. 

3. Producing by occafion or incidental exi- 
gence. Drydan, 

OCCA^SIONALLY. ad. [from occafionaL] 
According to incidental exigence, ffoodtv* 

OCCA'SIONER. /. [from occa/ton,] One 
tha^ caufes pr promotes by defigo or acci- 
dent. Zander fen, 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

o c c 


t aA of Uindiui ct ottJnjig blind. Ssmhtf, 
CyCCIt)BNT, /. [from •fcfcfew, L»t.] The 

COClDC'NTJjL. if. [ostidentalis, Latin.l 

Weftern^ Al&w//. 

OCCFDUOVS. It. [<rriifein, Utin.] W«ft- 

OCClfPlTAU «. [9ie$flimBs^ Lit.] Placed 
. in •hehiikler firt of the bead. 
C^CClPUr, /. [Udn.] Th« hinder ptrt of 

the head. Bm^, 

OCCI'SION. /. [from tclfif, Latin.] The 

To OCX2LU'DE» v. tf. [wf/wfo, Latin.] To 

^fiiut up. Srtwth 

OCCLU^SE. 41. [ocei^fm, Latin.] Shut ttp $ 

OCCLU^AION. /. [occ^Mjh, Lat. J The a^ 

«f Aotting up* 
OCCU'LT. tf. [©r«ft»t, Latin.) Secret 5 

hidden) unknown; tindifeovei^le. 

OCCULTA'TIOK. /, [ocmltatk, Lat.] In 

aftlMomy, i< the ttme that a ^ar or planet 

• la hidden from our fifht. Harris, 

OCCU'LTNESS. /. [from oault^l Secret- 

'neft^ ftateof being hid. 

O^CCOTANCY. /. [from ceev^ns, Latin.] 

Thi^ m€t of taking poflefiion. fTariurhft, 

O'CCUPANT. / r<>£r»^w, Lat.] He that 

. takes pofleHion of any thing. - Bacon, 

To 4)^CCUPATE. «. a: [o««/o, Lat.] To 

take up. BaccB, 

OCOJPa'TION. / [ucttfaticy Latin.] 

f . The aa of taking poUefiion. jff^tfff* 

ft. Enplojniient) hofincfs. « ff^aie^ 

3. Traide } calling ; vocation. Shaktjftare, 

fKcCi/PltR. /. [from^»/>jf.] 
^ I. a pofleflbrj one who talces into his 
pofleflion. Aaleigbt 

%, Ohc whO'foUptrs any cfldploymenr. 

To CyCCUPy. ♦.*. \octMfer, Fr. itcet^t 

1. TopofiWttf'tokaepi totakevp. J^r^orff. 

2« To bofy ; ro employ* Eccluf, 

3. To £a)k>w at bttfineft. GHlmMa ^r^i^r. 

. 4* To ufe } to expend. E*o<lus» 

To CCCUPY. V. «. To follow bufinefs. 

To OCCU'R. *r..fc. [^fwriro, Latin.] 

t* To be prefentcd Co the memory or at* 
tentian* * Macorr. 

ft. To apt^ar here and there. Loeki, 

3, To eliUh I to (hike againft y to meet 

4^ To obviate; to make oppofition to. 

OCCU'RRENCE. /. [ert«rftf*ff, French.] 
t. Ipiddent; accidental etent* Lockt, 

ft. Occafional preftntatiOft. Waitu 

OOCty^REflT. / lo6camitt, Fr. tcemrm, 
LattB.] Incident { anj thing that kiipptns. 


MdrHSlON. /. [orocr/Mir^ Lftt.3 CiaA ; 
motnal bbw. B«fle, 

CCEAN. /. [oeeamts, Latin.] 

Y. The main ; the great fea. S^ai^eart^ 
ft. Any immenfs'tx'panfe. X«dlr. 

O^CEAN. tf. Pertaining to the main or 
gttatfea. MHnw, 

OCEA'NIGK. tf. [fkm tfcvm.] Pertidnhig 
to the ocean. Diff, 

OCE^LATE^. 0. fMl/gt»s, U6nA Re- 
iembKng the eye. £arham* 

CHCHRE. /. [•XP«] The eardia diftte* 
guiflied by the name of ocbres h^Te rpagh 
or naturally dufty furiaccs, are but fligbdy 
coherent in their texture^ and are compoied 
of fine and foft argBlaceoua^article^ and 
are readity diflfufibie in water. They ate of 
Tariour colours. The yellow ibrt arecal- 
]ed-0rMt of iron, and the blue oclres d( 
copper. Hitt, 

O'CHREOVS. a, [fb^ od»re.1 <!onfift!iif 
of ochre* Waodward, 

CCHREY, a. [from of Are.] Partaking rf 
ochre. H^Mdwardt 

O'CHfAfY./. AmixedbafcmctaL 

(yCTACQN. /. [JxVand ywU.] In^gto* ^ 
metry, a figure confifting of eight fides anrf 
angles. Hamu 

OCTA'GONAL. a, [ftom offt^on.} HavJD| 
eight angles and fid^s. 

OCTANGULAR, a, [offo and an^tdut^ 
Latin,] Having eight mng!es. 

OCTA'NGULARNIsS. /. {fromcgatfi' 
hrt] The quaHty of having eight insp. 

0CT A'NT. 7 a, % when a planet h hi ioch 

OCTI'LE. i pofitioo to another^ thactheit 
places are only diftaftt an eighth ptrt ef i 

OCTA'VE*/. r^fftfw, French.] 

' t. The eighOi day aft^ ibme pecobV 

a. [In mqfick.] An^hth or an interval 
of eight founds. 
3. Eight days togcCherirfter a Mival. 

s ^nfwortb* 

CCtAVO. a. [LatiA.] A book is faid to W 
in o&avo when a flteet is folded into eight 
kives. B^li- 

OCTE^NNIAL. rf. [frortio^?ft»«li««,t*in.] 
T, Happening every eighth year* 
ft. Lafting eight years* 

OC^BEJ^* /• [Li^in.] The tenth moftW 
of the yei»r, or die eighth n6mbere<f fro» ^ 
march. Peacbaai. 

OCTOE'DRICAL. a. Having eight fidw; 

OCTO'GENARY. a. loSdgini, Latin.] Of 
eight years of age. . . , *. 

O'CTONAfty. a, [offonar'M, Utin.] Be- 
kfrgine to th6 flwi&er eight. ^^ 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

p D I 

bcTONO'CULAK. a, [«^« and^aiiWy La|.] 
ffaving eight eyes. Derbam, 

€%rrOP£'TALOU5« tf. [«»1<v and inlaXor,] 

' Having eight flower leaves. 

CJ^CTOSTYLE. / f^Jt?*; and fiSxp*, Or.] 
The face of a bailoing or ordonnance con- 
taining eight columns. Harris. 

C/CTUPIB. a. UBuths, Latin.] ^ight 


(jfOHLAK, a, {from oeulus, Latin.] De- 
pending on the eye \ known by the eye. 


CCULARLY. ad. [from «wAfr.] To the 
obiervationof the eye. Broivn, 

O^C&LATE. a, Icculattts, Latin.] Having 

• eyes ; knowing by the eyte, 

d'CVLIST. /.• [from ccu/us; Latin.] One 
who profeiws to cure diftempers of the eyes. 


ffCULUS hn. [Latin.] An accidental vari- 
ety of the agat kind. Woodrward* 

ODD. «. [udda, SwediA.] 
I. Not even } notdivifibleinto equal num- 
bers. Brown, 
i. ~Kfofe than a round number. Burnet, 

3. Particular j' uncouth 5 extraordinary, 


4. Not noted ; not taken into the common 
account; unheededr Sbakdpeare, 
^, Strange j unaccountable ; fantairicaf. 


6. tTncommon; particular. AJcbam, 

7. Unlucky. Sbakefpeare. 

5. Unlikely { m appeiraiice improper. 

O'DDLY. ad. [fn?m«W.] 
I. Not evenly. 

1, Strangely 5 particularly I unaccountably 5 
uncouthly. iJcke* 

tyODNESS. /. [fromoi/i/.] . 
I. The ftate ot being hot even, 
a. Strangenefsj particulatity ; uncouth- 
oefs. Dryden, Collier, 

Ottos./, [hortiodd,] 
i. Inequality; excdfs of elthct compared 
vith the other. Hooker, 

1, More than an even wager. Swifi, 

' 3. Advantage ; fuperiority. Hudibrau 

4« Quanfcl 5 debate j difpute. Sbakejpeare, 
, ODE. /. [»h,] A poem written to be fung 
to mufick ; a lyrick poem. Milton, 

O'DIBLE. a, [from odi, Lat ] Hateful, 
Oa)10US. a, [odiojM, Latin.J 
I. Hateful; deteflable; abominable. 

1. Expofed to hate. Clarendon, 

3. Caufmg hate ; infidious. - Milton, 

CDIOUSLY. ad, [from odiouul 
I. Hatefully; abominably. Mihen* 

Z. Invidioufly; fb as to caufe hate. 

O'DIOUSNESS."/. [from odtcus,] 
I. Hatefulncfs, U^ke, 

Vol. U. 

O F 

«.. The ftate of being hated. .. M^. 

O'DIUM,/. [Latin.] Invidioufncfe ; qua- 
lity of provoking hate. King Cbarla, 

ODGNTAaOICK. ii. [5^«/f and •>/•«.] 
Pertaining to the tooth-ach. 

O^ORATE. tf. [odoratus, Lsiun.2 Scented 5 
having a ftrong fcent, whether fatid or 
fragrant. £a<on, 

ODORrFEROUS. d. T odor }fer; Lit,] Giv- 
ing fcent; ufually hvett of fccntj fra- . 
grant; perfumed. Bacon, 

OpORI'fEROUSNESS. /. [from ^dorife^" 
rout.] Swcetnefs of fcent ; fragrance. 

O'DOROUS. a, [odorus, Latin.] Fragrant; 
perfumed. Cbcjne* 

CDOUR. /. Xodor, Latin.] 

I. Scent, vioiether good or bad. Bacon* 
a. Fragrance; perfume; fweet fcent. 


OECONO'MICKS. / [oIx*w//ix<,',J Ma- 
nagement of houfehold affairs. 

xe'j.J Gene- 
ral ; refpe^ng the wRolc habitable world. 

OEWME'NICAL. a. [e:x»^iwxe,-.J Gene- 

rholc * ■ 


OEDE'MA. /. [oi^fta.l A tumour. "It it 
now and commonly by furgeons confined to 
a white, foft, infenfible tumour. ^in<y» 

OEDEMATICK. ? a, [ from oedtma. ] 

OEDE'MATOUS. f Pertaining to an 
oedema. Wlfeman, 

OE'ILAID. /. [from ceil, French.] Glance | 
wink; token. Sbakejpeare. 

0*ER. contracted from over, ^ Addifinm 

OE'SOPHAGUS. /, [from5;<r^f, wicker, 
fromfome fimilitud*e in the flruC^ure of this 
part to the contexture of thac; and ^a'^, 
to eat.] The gullet. Sluincy. 

OF. pr^. [cj*. Saxon.] 

z. Il is put beferethe fubftantive that fol« 
lows another in conftrudtion ; a^^ ^^thefe 
part were flain. 

' I. It is put after comparative and fupcrla- 
tive adjectives ; as, the mdft difmal and 
unfeafonable time a/" all other* Tsllotjon^ 

3. From; as, one that I brought op 0/** 
puppy. .SBakefpeare* 

4. Concerning; relating to; as, all have 
this fen feo/* war, Smalridge, 

5. Out of J as, yet of this Utile he had 
fome to fpare. Dryden, 

6. Among; as, any clergyman 0/* my owa 
acquaintance. Swtft^ 

7. By ; as, I was entertained of the «on- 
ful. Sandys. 
S. According to; as, they do o/* right be-^ 
long to you. Tillptfcru 

9. Noting power, or fpontaneity; as, <f 
himfelf man is confelTedly unequal to his 
duty. Stephens, 

10. Noting propenies or qualities; as, * 
man »f a decayed fortune ; a body of no 
^lour« Clarendon. J^^ylff 

4 P zx. Not^^ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



It. Noting «xtra£tiofli as, t man rf in 
Ancient family. Clarendon^ 

12. Noting adherence, or belonging ; as, a 
' Hebrew oftnj tribe. Sbakt^eare: 

XV Noting the matter j as, the chanot wat 
efct^SiT. Bacon, 

14. Noting the motive 5 ai, of my own 
choice I undertook this work. DryJeu, 

15. Noting prefa-encc, or poftponcnce j as^ 
I do. not like the tower ofzny place. 

i€. Noting change of ^ as, O mifcrable bf 
happy ! • MUtou* 

17. Noting caufality j 'as, good nature of 
neceflity will give allowance. Dryden, 

iS. Noting proportion; as, many of an 

• hundred, X^cke. 

19. Noting kind or fpedci ; as, an aflair 
of the cabinet. Swift, 

O/F. ad. [af Dutch.] 

I. Of this adverb the chief ufe !s to .con- 
Join it with verbs j as, to come off% to jij 
»ff\ Xfi take off. 

%, It is generally oppofed to e« 5 as, to lay 
on ; to take off, Dtydem, 

3. It fignifies diftancc. Shakejpeare^ 

^ 4. In painting or ftatoary, it fignifies pro-i 
je£lion or relief. Sbakefpeawe^ 

5, It fignifies evanefccncc 5 abfcnce or de- 
parture. VEJItange. 

6. It fignifies any kind of difappolntment ; 
' defeat ; Interruption j as, the affair is off, 
' 7. From J not toward. Sidny, 
' i. 0^ hand 5 not ftudicd* VEfirar^e, 
OFF. intetjea. Depart. SmiK. 
OFF. prep, 

1. Not on. ^ Temple. 

2. Difiant firom. Addijon, 
OFFAL./, [off fall. Skinner.'] 

I. Waftemeatj that which is not eaten 
at the table. *• Arbutbnot, 

%, Carrion 5 coarfe flefh, Milton, 

3. Refufe : that which is thrown away. 


' 4. Any thing of no efteem, Shakefpeare, 

O'FFENCE. /. [offenfa, Latin.] 

^ J. Crime ; aft of wick^dnels. Fairfax, 
a. A tranfgreffion, Locke, 

J. injury. -^ Dryden, 

4. Difpleafure given } caufe of difguft ) 
fcandal. ^ Bacon, 

5. Anger; difpleafure conceived. Sidney, 
t. Attscic; aftof the.aOailant. Sidney, 

OFFE'NCEFUL. a, [offence znA fill,] Irjo- 
rious, ' Sbakefpefire, 

. CMvFE'NC£LE85. a, [from offence.] Unof- 
fending $ innocfcnt. Shakefpeare, 

ToOFFE<ND, ^. a* [^eudo, Latin. V 
I.* To make angry, Knoflet, 

; 2. To afl'ail ; to attack. Sidney, 

3. To tranfgreft J to violate. 
4; To injure. I)ryden» 

To OFFE'ND. v. ». 

1. Td be crimhia! $ to tniAgrelt the law. 


%, To canfe anger. Sbake&eara^ 

). To commit tcad^ellioA. SwtR^ 

OFFE'NDER. /. (from ofifid.] 

I. A criminal ; one who has committed a 
crime } tranlgrefror. faiak* 

s. One who hat done an inluiy. Sbal^, 

OFFE'NDRESS. /. [from offend^,^ A w*. 
man that ofiends. Sbakefptarom 

QFFE'NSIVE. a, [offhj^, Fr, from offenfiSf 
I. Cauftng anger; difplta^lj dlfoiftiiig. 

' %, Caufing ^ain ; injuiious. Bacon, 

3. Aflailaat; not defc!nfi,ve. fiasoih 

OFFENSIVELY, ad. f from e^ij/Tve.! 
I. Mifchievoufly; injufiouf^. Mooker* 
a. So as to^ufe uneafine(s or di^leafuiv. 


' 3. By way of attack : not defenfively. 

OFFE'NSIVENESS. / (from ^enjhe,^ 
I, Injurioufnefs; mifchiif* 
a. Caofe of difgnft, Grg^, 

To O'FFER. V. a, {(fferoy Latin.1 

Z. To prefent to any one ; \h exhibit any 
thing Co as that it may be uken or received. 

a. To facrifice \ to immolate. t)ryden, 

3. To bid, as a price or reward. Pryien, 

4. To attempt I to commence* a Mac, 

5. Topcopofe. Locke, 
To O^FER. V. n, 

I. To be prefent ; to be at hahd \ to pTe- 
fent itfelf. Si^Mey, 

a. To make an attempt. BacoH, 

O^FER. /. [offre^ Fr. from the verb.J 
I. Propofal of advantage to another. P^« 
%, Firft advance. Sbakdhearu 

3. Propofal made. baniel, 

4. Price bid ; aft of bidding a price. 

c. Attempt ; endeavour. South, 

6. Something given by way 'of ack'now- 
ledgment. Sidkty* 

O'FFERER. /. [from offer,] 
I. One who makes an offer. 
?., One who facrificel, or dedicated In Wor* 
Ihip. Smh, 

OTFERING./. [fromo/«-.] A facrifice; 
any thing immolated, or otfete^ in wor- 
ihip. Dryden, 

OFFE'RTOHV. /. \0ertmri, Fr.] The 
thing offered ; nie aft of ofi^rifig. Baton, 
OFFE^RTURE. /. [from off^,] X>Scs\ 
propofid of kindnefs. A wor^ not in vfe. 
O'FFICE. /. [ogUe, Fn] 

I. A publick charge or employttxent. 

a. Agwicy } peculiar ufe. /fewtoa* 

3. BufineTs ; particular employment. 

4. Aft 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

O F P 


4. ii[aof fOMlflrUltalMtaiJly ttRderM. 
$. Aft of iffD^MF* SbtOidtmr*' 

7. Rooms in a hoafe ay pwp t iated to par- 

8. Place whetvbdMtft it If«nfiidc4.i^c. 
Tb O'FFICf , V. ^ [£raia tht iio«a.] T« 

|ml»«m $ to aiicbargft. ShMpmrt. 

O'FFICER. /. [#rt<r, FrJ 
»« A nwi q i < | i 5y id ^ th» puMitk. 

ft. A comaMftdcv i» t|)e traiy. Iky4m, 
* S< -OiM wIm hm tl»e toww o# appptlieji^ing 

O'fFIG^RFP* A [fi'oii) #!»%] Com* 
M»d0ij Aipplied with cofomanden* 

IMWCIAL. tf. r#^^F'« lt«M#^«;j 
I* Cott^iMfTf f •fprftpriatB widT rtgard 
tt tlieir ufe. Brnon, 

t* fen»UM«glo»Mifiliakdiar|t. 


whom the cognizance of caiifet i» <*ni- 

nittfisi t>y Um^ t haye c oc M a fti cal jwg- 

diaion. > .-eWkTe. 

<tfF|/€IALTy.jr. ^iSrufittJ Fr.J m 

«h«r0i or poft of an oacul« ^1^. 

T^ OfFI'CIATO. w. n. {fiwm £^J To 

pn Uk oon^HCtice of oflka. JMZM. 
TfOFFJ^CfAT£.<r. «fc 

X. To dUchaife an oflioe^ ceoiiiioalf in 

wm4u^ Sfttdigfrft* 

%, To perform an'office for another. 
OfFICI'WAU m Ufed in t (boy: th«l, 

^oiw/plMll ane (Mb iifti in rhfi Aoas. 
OlFrcIOUS. a. [officiofus, Latin.] 

f> KM| Mig g»od oflicw. J0*i*. 

ft. IupBrMdy lorw^nl. Skakdb$m*. 
OFFI'dOySLT. «^ [frMO i#/«iM^ 

I. fiQfomuKl^liBfwacd. Ayiib. 

•• ¥m^l witk radiM liiiidflt£i. 

CWFCIOI«OT»/. lfrm^UiJi!j^ 
I. Forwardnefs of'^ciTilit]^ w MfyAt or 

9. Service. Mrrum, 

OyfWQ.fl&am^A TheiAoflUor- 

iflg to a diftance from the kod. 
O'Ff filST. / {^ and >r.] SprMit ; Ihoot 

of • i^laat. /^tfjr, 

I^FSCOtnUNa /. {^ «fid>«r.l Re.. 

otnent ; patt mfawd tway » «leaai«g 

imxthiog. Lam. 

CWSPRUIG. S'W^Jdj^ng.l 

I« IVopogiMioq ( feaerttiMi. Ilitfibr. 

ft« TIm Ifaiog fcopegaled or gescrated ; 

cJitUltn* ^ Dasfieu 

}. Produftion of any Jund« J^euham, 

To OFFU'SCATE. ^. «. f ^>, tatinj 

To dim i to dondf lo dirkoa. 

OFFUSCA'TION. /. Ihm^fiati.] The 
m6k of darkening. 

OFT. ad. [opt, Saxon.] Ofte|i$ frequent- 
ly ; nee rarely. Hawnmnd^ 

CMFTEN. ad. [from o|!t, Saxon.] Oft { 
fVeoaently j laany timet. Addijtn, 

OFTiNTFMBS. ««/.[«>» and /i»». ] 
Fi^^uently ; many times \ often. Hooker, 

OFTTVMES. tfi. [ffl and limet.) Fre^ 
qvtatly; often* DryJtm, 

QQtTB. If. A iWt of moulding in ar- 

OOKVB.3 chitt<|iV^CQCififtingofaround 
and a hollow. Harris^ 

Ta CGIfB, <r. <f. f«fA, an eye, Dutch,] 

To Tiew with fide glances^ as iafondnefs. 


OOLCR. /. [oo^eUry Dutch.] A fly gaz- 
er ^ ona w}mi vi^wt by ilde gUaces. 


O'GUO. /. j^froai pUf, SpaniA.] A difli 
made by inwgling dj^'ertnt kinds of meat ; 
a atadley. Sttciiing. 

OH* intetjeff. Aa eacUmatioa denoting 
paim iarraw, or farpfiff* f^aiton, 

Olt. / [ocel, Saxon.] 

I. Tb? juke of t^vat eaprtfled, Exodttt, 
9» Any fat| greafy, uaduous, thin mat- 
ter» Derboft. 

3. Thf j«iiatt of €fm'm TCgctablcs, ex- 
praOtd or diwwa by tbe till* 

To OIL* V. a, [from the noun.} To fme ar 
or lubnpttt withotf. ffi^oftoit, 

OrLCOLOUR. /. [of/and ro/Wr.] . Colour 

m»4f by snMwg aaloured fuhf^ncet io o0. 

, S9yU. 

QVhftJt^n.j: [ffm oify,] Uaaooofnefr; 
giaafinefs ; quality approaching to that 0^ 
oil. Brttvfw* 

OIXMAN. /. («f/ and man.'] One who 
trades io*oils and pickles. 

OI^tSHOP. /. I oU aad Jkop. ] A Aop 
Mrbere oils and pkklts arc (old. 

OIXV. 0, [fnm oil.] 

%. QoaAftftOg af oil; caatainiag oil ; hav- 
ing tha.qualities of oil* D^by^ 
♦i Fati greafy. Sbaktfftarc, 

OI'LYGRAIN. /. A plant, - 

OfaVPALM./T Atwe. 

To OINT. V. a. [otMt, Fr.] To anoint ; 
to ifMear. Drydem. 

OJ'NTMENT* /. [from wur.] Unguent 5 
un^ttOtts matter. Sfenfir. 

OfUR. /. [Sec Oc«aa.] A colour. 

. Sidney. 

OLD. a, [p$l^, SftKon.] 

I. Paft the middle part of life; not young. 
Sidney, Sbakefpeare. 
a. Of long contittuaaee \ b%un long ago. 
3. Net new. Bacon. 

4* Ancient; not modem. Addifon. 

$• Of any i^ecifiad duration. Shakefpeare. 

4 P Z 6. Sub- 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



6. Subffftihg before fomtthing elfe. 

'" ' " Swft, 

'7, Long pi-V^lifc^. ExekieJ, 

9: Ofvidx long ago 3 from tncient times. 

. Mihoik. 

OLDPA'SHIONED. a. [tld and fajbkn,} 

Formed according to obfoIete<^uftom. * 

' ■ Dryden, 

O'LDEN. a. AncipAt.- Shakejpeari* 

^LD^IESS. /. [from o/i.] Old age 5 an - 

; ti^iiity ;'n6thcwriefs. ' Sbakefpeari, 

OLEA'GINOUS. a. [•fw^mw, Lat.] Oily; 

tJn^tjous. j^rktttbnot. 

OLEA'GIKOUSNESS. /. [from oUaginous-'] 

OiUneft. Biyie, 

OLE'ANDER. /. [tf/ttfrn/r^, Fr. ] The. 

plant rofebay. * 

OLE' ASTER,;. [Latin.] Wiid^re. 

OLE'OSE. a, [eleofus, Laf.] OHy. Fhy^. 
To OLFA'CT. t;. a. lolfaffus, Lat.] To 

fmelJ. Hudiln-as, 

OLFA'CTORY. 0. [il/aaoire, Fr. from e>/- 

/<!«■*, Lat.] Having the' fcnfe of fmellxng, 

O'LID. •> tf. [d/rVAr*. Lat.] Stinkfegs 

O'LTDOUS.J f«tid. • ^eyifc. 

OLIGA'RCHy. /. [5xiy«f;)t/«.] A form of 

government Vhich ^hites the ifupreme 

power in a fmill number^ ariftocracy. 


O'LIO. /. [olU, S^an] A mixture; a 

medley. Congrrvie, 

CyLirOKY.f, [o/itoK, Latin.] Belon^ng 

to rhe kitchen garden. Evelyn, 

OLIVA'STER. a. [o/ivaftre, Fr.] Darkly 

brown; tawny. Bacon, 

CUVE. f. [oh-ve, Fr. o/m, Lat] A plant 

producing oil ; the emblem of ^eace. ~'* 


fbre, Spanifh.] A gam*e 

thtee. Tatier, 

:y«.] The laft letter of 

Erefore taken in the Holy 

la/(. Meveittiont, 

rtektte, Fr.] A kli^ of 
K eggs. 

Latin.] A fign good or 
k.* Dry den. 

rom tmen. ] Containing 
Latin.] The cawl, called 
om its ftnidlqre, refem- 
t. putney, 

^ J brew meafure aboutthri:e 

pints and a half Bngiifh. Ba'tley, 

fo O'MINATE. V. a, [ww/»ar, Lat.] To 
foretoken"; iQ ihew proghoilfcks. • " 

Decay of Piety, 
OMTNA'TION. /. [from min6r, Latin.] • 
Pri>gnoftick. r - Brrtvih 

ft/MINOUS; tf. • [frgm imen.1 

J, Exhibitilig^fa«d'toktft9effiiti|r^^f^ 

■ ihewingill; inaufpicious. ffi^ard, 

»« Exhibiting tokens. gDCid or i)L S4t», 

O'MINQUSLYvijft?. [fiom minm.] With 
good or bad omen. 

OMI'NOUSNESS. /. [from mhon.} Thfe 
quality of being ominoas. 

OMI'SSION. /. -[omipi, Lit.) 

t..Neglea to do fonething; fbrbewantc 
offomethingto*edone. Bogep^, 

2. Ne^e^ of du^, oppofed to eommiAon 
or perpetration of crimes. Sbakifp^an» 

To O'MIT. nf. a: {o^to. Lit.] '^ •" 

1. .To have out ; not to mentioa. Bai9m 
. «» Tonegleatopradifc. Addifin. 
OMITTANCE. /. litom emit.] Fbr'fcw^ 

ance. SBahf^O^e, 

OMNIFA'RIOUS. a. [mnifarium, Latin.1 

Ofallvarietids'ofkinds; ' ' PBitifS. 
OMNI'FBROUS. a. [mnis Mdfirei^ Lat.J 

AlUbearingf. ' 0I0* 

OMNFFICiK. a. [mnh ttidfaeio, Lathi,] 
• AO-crciiatinff, MUtdn, 

OMNI'FORM. a. [mnh and forma, LatJ 

Having ^vetfy ihape. - DiiS, 

OMNrOEKOUS. a, fmitigtmts, U^.] Con- 

fifting <tf all kinds. Diff. 

OMNrPOTENCl. 7 /. [ mnif^fentQ, 
OMNI'POTENCy.J Lat. J AJmigbtj 

power;' unKntited power. 'TUUt^ 

.OMNI'PbTEI^t. a. [mnifotent, Utin.J 

Almighty; powerful without litoit. Cnm, 
OHmiPRE'SENCB. /. [omit 9nA frajem^ 

Lat.] Ubiquity ; unbounded prefence, 

• Jnnutf* 

OMNf PRE'SENT. a. [tmnii and ^</i»>, 

. Latin. ] Ubiqidtary 5 pwfent' ift 'Vft 

place. ' • JVw^. 

OMNrSCIENCE. 7 /; [ainiwand fckuM, 
OMNI'SCIENCY. 5 i^at.] Boondieffkoow. 

ledge; infinite wifdom. Kh^ Charm' 

OMWSCIENT. tf. [ornifwandTW*, tatinj 

Infinitely wife ; knowing wiAottt bound'. 

South* ' 

OMJjrSCipVS. a, [mnUtnAfii9,\^^^ 

- Allrknowing; ; '- 

OMNIVOROUS, a, [emnis and •»», UH 

AlUdevourins. ' ^* 

QMO'PLATE. /. [^ifd^ and #^4t?¥.} ^« 

fhoulder blade. ^ 

OMPHALO'PTICK. /. [kM^^ amf iir»- 

aSff.] An t)ptick glafs that is ^^"^^ 

both fides, cbirimonly called a convex !««• 

ON. pr^ [aen, Duttk ; an,^ GdtoJaM *. 

». It Is put before the word, whith bm* 

fies that which is und^r, i*** ^^ ^J^. 

any thing is fupported, iwbith ^^^I! A 

co?ers, or whereany thing «s fij^** "XAe 

2. It is put before any thing «'^J/'r, 
ftthJeaofaOibit. JS?"^' 

3. Noting addition or «€CU«^«J^V». | 
mifchicfa ra mifchi^ft. • ' viSS- 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


O N W 

4. Koting a^ftate <jf progreffion f as, 'Mvhi- 
. ober w thy way ? DrjJitn* 

5. It ibmetim/ssM^eseleration* Drydpi^ 

6. Noting appnMch or invaiioii. D^en, 

7. Noting dependance or ifeliance j as,* en 
God's profideoce their hopjCt tlq>end. ^nui/r. 
^. Aty noting place. - Sbakefj[>4are, 
9. It denotes- tfa« jno^ye or occafion of any 
thing* Dryden. 
*o» It idenotes the tisfie at whkh any 
tMng happens: as^ this happened m the 

II. It is ,p«c -bef^pirt t|xe ohjeQ of fome 
faffion. Sbakef^eare* 

lit Ip ibrms of ^eAoAciatioi^ it is put be- 
%e the thing threatncd. Dryden, 

jj. Noting imprecation^ Sbakeffeure, 

14. Noting i)i^«c^ting. Dryd^, 

IJ, Noting the flate o^ vy thing. ' 

• '' -^^; , ■ KmUa. 
•ll. Noting ftipulation or condition. 

• ' - .' ' Oryden. 
|7«* Voting di^n^on or oppoAtion. 
''♦'■— - KtnUes, 

iS; Noting the aglanncr of an Went. " 


f* ForwaaS ^ In fucctMoo, ■ South, 

m. Forward 5 in progreflioh.- patntl, 

3;^I»«cmtijiua{icC'} without ccafing. ' 

t Crs/btw. 

4* Not off. 
5. Upoa thf hody, as part of drdfc.v 

(• It notes refolution to adrante. 

; ' : Jimham* 

ONv 'mt»jeS, A word ©f indtement or en- 

'C^uhigemtfht. Shaktfpeare, 


I. Ofte^time. Jir^w. 

a«^ fiiigletime. Xaf^i?. 

S* The fa*ie tinier .^)^(Mr. 

4« A^^ point of time indivifiUe* 


5. Ohe tttme^' though no 111919* Drydtn, 

,$• At the time immediate. Atttrhury. 

7» Formerly j at a former time. jidMan, 
ONB; a. [anr, osn*, Saxon ; etn^ Dutfch, j 

-i.' Keiathan ttfQ\ finglej denoted by an 

anite. Ra/sigh, 

' i* MeiNtclTfiAny; Bbaktjptart, 

3. i>i0*eient ^ diverfe : oppofed to another, 

• • / . T -t- • ' . ' Burnet, 
4i GNm oI^ twos oppofed^tothe other, 

' . *- .^•y/if. Spalridpe* 

5. Particidarly ooe* • S^^. 

€. Some faturc. Vani'm* 

I. A iingle periao. Hooker, 

>. A'iihgIem'af^otagg;rfgate« Bidckmore, 
p The firii hour. . Shetke/feare, 

t* The- fanje thing, • r -• iw^e. 

.,4pcr(bn, •^' . H^ntfs, 

$, A perfon by way of eminence.. 

7. A diftina or particular petfba. Buem^ 
S. Perfoos i^ted. Sbahjpegru 

9* Concord) agreement} one mind. 

10. Any pcrfoa } any man indefinitely. -^ 
Sidney. Atterhinym 

11;^ A perfon of paiticokr chiu^£^. 

^ Sbaktffmarwm 

12. Oftr has fometlmes a plural, when It 
' ilandsforperfonsindcfisiteiy) as, thegretX 

oneg of the loorld, CtamHUe. 

X)'N££Y£D. 41. [«fftfand«)V.] Haringon^ 

one eye. Drydem, 

ONEIROCRI'TICAL. a, [^ifo)(fiJ«««?,Oh] 

interpretative of dreams. Addifon» 

<)NEIR0CRI'TICK. /. [hnifmfii^.ei^ 

An interpreter of drums. Addifoiu 

O'N^NESS. f. [ from one, ] Unity ; th;^ 

quality'of being one. , Booker, Hammond, 
OWERARY. a, [onerariuSf latin,] Fitted 
, forcarriage or burthens. * 

To O NERATE. v, a. [ontre^ Latin.] T* 

load J to burthen. ' 

ONERATION. /. [ from cnereUe. ) Thfe 

a£i.of loading. Di0^ 

O^NEROUS. a, [oneremx, Fr. oner^nt, Lat.] 

Burthenibmej oppreflive. Ayliffe, 

CNIGN. /. [oignon^ French.] A plant. 
i^Nji-Y. a, [ft^monk-^ onefy, ot one/ike,J 

I. Single ; one and no more. Dydem^ 

%, . This and no bther. L^ke. 

3. This above. all other; aiL heisHhe^ajf 

man for mufick. 
i^NLY. ad, 

J. ^mply ) iingly ; merely | barely. 

Burnet, Ttlbtfinm 

f^ So an4 no otherwiic. ^Genefkm 

3. Singly without more x as, onfy begotten. 
CVNOMANCy, /. [^^and ^rritd.} Di- 
vination by the name. Camd e i * 
pNOMAllTlCAt. a, [ Sy^^ and /u«i9kc. ] 

Predicting by names. Camden* 

.CyNSET./. [««andyif.l 

«• Auack: florm; aflault: firftbrudU 
. ' .Sidney. 

y. Something added by way of ornamental 

appendage. . Shake fpeati. 

To O'NSET, V. a, [ from the noun. \ X^ 

fetupon; to begin. Catevr* 

(ONSLAUGHT./. [<wand/ay.] Attack; 

i^orro 5. pnfet. Hmd'thm. 

ONTCLOGIST. /. [from ontotogy,'\ Qitt 

who conHders the affeClioas of \tvo^ in gt- 

aeral ; a metaphyfician. 
ONTO'LOGY. /. [?fT* aijd Xoy»c. ] The 

fcience of the afie^ons of being in ge- 
neral^ metaphy/icks. Wattu 
O/NWARP. ad, [on^i^mpl)^ Saxon.] 
, j.-Forwafd } progreffively. .^^^ 

kn In a ftate ^i «4ya^|iced progreifion. . 

.3. -Som^ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



lus fnail or (hell, 
;. The greateft 
« it by the onyx 
Mttof (hftfhcll- 

lere are fereral 

•t Mid beaitiful 

Hill. SandyU 


bottMii of wa- 

«. $«ft low { rpiiiiig. p«i«^ 

J, The liquor of a tanner^s vat. 
To OQZB* «• IV. [from t^ ikmh.] To fU# 

hy Health 3 to run geatly. Ihti^on, 

cozy, #, [l^oiQ09air.] Miiy^ miKMy; 

To OPA'CATK, V. fc/ac*, Utin.] Tb 
iMsi Iceland J tAdarkea; to ob&ife. 

OPA'CITY. /. l0pafit/,Fr. i^«i«,Ut.] 
Cloudifie(s| wMtpftrsiirpareiicy. JVMDMir. 

OPA^OUS. tf. fo/flfjM^ UtiD.J Dirk 5 
ebfcuie ( oot tfwi^*i^nt. -'D^- 

O^PAL. /, The e^a/ is a very clegaat and 
« T«7 fingvlftr kind of Aqat, it hardly 
comes within the rank ff the pdlvcid 
lemsy being much more opake» aad lti& 
hard. Ia colour it much re&mblea tbe 
ikftcff: mother of pearl ; its hafi*^|beming 
• bluijh or greyiib white» but wtthT^^rro- 
perty of re|e^i«g all the eototirs. of the' 
rainbow, as turned di^'U'etitly tothtlight> 
among which the green and the. blue ave 
partttiikrly bMiittfiU» bat the fiery red it 
the fineft of all. Hi/I. 

pPAlQUE. a. [(^MM* Udn«] Not tztnf- 
parciit. MUtofi, 

ToOPIi« 7 V. tf. fopeiitlaxoo} 1^9 

ToCPEN. 5 I/laiHJick* ahole. 
J. To aaitoft { to uakftk* The contfwy 

%. To Aow ; to djftamer. 4AW. 

5» To divide | t* breaks jSiUifm. 

. 4* To explain } to difdofe. Collier, 

; 5. To bqgia. Dfmden. 

Jo O'PEN. i •'• "• 

s. To undofe ; not «• reaoHuo Aut* 

%, Tbbark* A term of hiuttiag. Drjden. 

0PE. 7^ 

OPEN.. $ ''• 

I. Undofed ; not fliat^ Mfaau Cltmkknd. 
«. PUta; a^^rtAt; evidtat. Dtmui* 
•^. Not «tarii( idi%»Afii5 datrf artkfs 3 
Mcere. AMifw, 

4* Nocdoadfd} dear, F^. 

5. Not hiddea $ etpo£:d to view. h^ke. 

6. Nat ftftrainad ) iN)i demtd. .i^^; 

7. Not cloudy s not gloomy* Bacon. 
S« Vocoyered* ^7^9* 

9. SspoCid) wkkeut defcAce* 

10. Attentive. 
CyPENER. /. [kouk ifn.] 

z. One that opeoti caa that lutochii 
one that vncloias. ATikn. 

a. Eiplainer} ivlirpKetar. Shat^f, 

5. That which fepasatea $ difbaiter. B^le, 

OPENEY^EO. M. [^^ aad 9«. j VigUaat| 
watdiful. Sbak^btsre. 

OPENHA'NPED. 0. l^f em mhA Jka»d.] Ct- 
nexaiifj Ubtml. £nM. 

OPENHEA'RTED. a. [open and i&Mi'/.] Ge. 

' Aerdttt| candiA^ Aot ineaAfy fubtle. 


fomt.] LiberaU^i nuAwcencA} geiie- 

O'PENING. /. r/tfm ^«t.] 

z. Apattuff) fircatb.. WtoJwMri* 

A« Difcovery at a diftance;* £unt know- 
ledge $ dtwa. 

CXPEVLY. ad, [from apen.^ 
J. Publicity % art ^arcftly $ m figtt. 

A. Phttalyi if^tfttBiifi cnfdAntljEj.wkh^ 

ant diignife. Drydau 

OPENMOUO'HED. a. [of en and miiikj 
Cteedy; ravenom. VMfrmiu 

O'PENNESS. /. riTraiA ^^] 

z. PkhMffff cleari^^&tAdomlrOfflpb- 
ficMtty or ambiguity. Sbak^peare* 

A. Freedom from di(guife. F«Im* 

0'PEtLA,f. [{taliaa.} A fAttkal fal^ or 
fi^ion, repreCented by vocal and ioilrU'- 
meotalAiAfickk ^nf^ 

O^PSILABLE. a, [from operor, LaUn. J To 
btdoAa; lUwfticAblA. Brmu. 

OPERANT, a, [operant, Fiaofih.] Adife} 
having power to p y ad nAt any wO* 

To OTERATE. v. n. [^^arer, I*«Wi.rT« 
aft ( to have agency ^ tA pnodautfl^^* 

OPERA'TION. /. [operation Lat.] 
I. Agenqr } pmlaAiAa of afic4b ; iwo- 
enee. . * H'^* 

. ft. AftioAj e««a. . Benflef. 

3. [In chirurgeiy.] That part of tftt ait 
of hcalsAg whkh depeada oa Kh« ^^ of u- 

4. Tbt motions of emplAyMAAtf of » 

CPBRATIVE. tf. [from <^tfW.J Having 
the pawcf af AOiagi .huntt^ 6tdbJf f 
gcney. Oarendon. T<tfkr. Norru. 

OPERA'TOR. /. [^m^mr, tr. ftttnJ^- 
iMV.] One that pcrfofwaaAy a^of ttc 
hand) one who produces any ^^^^^^' 

OPERO'SE. 0. liHr^H Lat.] LahotkoBJ 

fAtltrf trouble. -»r^: 

OPHIO'PHAGOUS.. #. [«t«c aAd ♦-i^'J 

Sirpenteating, ^rw»''« 

OPHPTES. /. A toe ^^^''« ^*V1 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


O P P 

lighter green. Wco^dfJ, 

OmTHA'LMiaK^ tf. Jt^dKf^ot, Gr.] 

Relating tQ the eye. 
typHTtlALlliV. f. [tfkbidmhj Fr. from 

l^aXf«K> Gr.] A di/eafe of the tjti,^ 

hcin^ an ioflammattvh in the cotts^ pro^ 

't)tt4m$ fiom ttterlDQt blood gotten out of 

O^ATE. /. A ttiedktiie Aat ora^ fleep. 


iffiATE* a, SoporifetOQt ; f^mAi^Knisi 

Aaftotfek. Bmcon. 

OTinCE. /. r<^5ffci«i», LttiA.] Wdrtfeman- 

jfc% 1 handiwork. 
OwKEIt. /. lof>ifai, Lttiii.] One that 

y^rftrint any wm ; an artift. Bentley. 
(XPINABLE. 0. [ofinor^ Latin.] Which 

laay be tbon^t. 
OftNAtlON. /. f«/i»w, Lat] Opinioftj 

OMNATOR. /. [<5^r, Utin.] One who 

iK^ds an opinion. Htf/e. 

Tb OPi^iU V. «. (0prae»-, Latin.] To 

thinks to judge. P^Pe, 

OfrNIATlVB. a. («rom ^»frti.] 

X. Stiff in a preconcerrtd notion. 

a. Imagined; notprof^. GianviBe, 

OftKlA'TOR. / [flfmtfffVy French.] One 

food of hfs own notion | hdleziUc. 

OPWIjfTRE. 4. [French. ] Obftinatej 

fbbborn; Locke* 

WniATRMTY. 2 /. r 9pinuitreti, Fr. ] 
at>W«ATRY. 5 t^bffiiiaey ; 5afl«xibi- 

lity ; determination of mind. Brown, 

()P1'NI0N. /. Ivfmo, Latin.) 
' t. Ptrfiiafion t>f the ihind, wkhoiit pmof. 
Ben, Jobnfin, Hale. 

a. Seotiinehtft^ jud^ent 5 notion. 


J. t'avourabic judgment. Bacon, 

TftOPfWlOUr. %;. a. [ftoA tht nwn.] To 
' dpine; to think. GtanvHle, 

OPPNION ATIVE. *. fftom tfhuon.} Fond 

^ prkiionceiv^d liotionl. Butnet, 

^WnIONATIVELY. aJ, [ftomo/^inwtf. 
^J*rtJ Stnbborniy. 
iJPVHIOKAmrENESS. /. [ftomtftafoa*. 

fi*/*:] Obftinacy. 
OmilONIST./. [(fnionj/hj French; Yirort 

^a^».] One fond of hh own notions. 

OPl^AROUS. tf. Jof^tfrw*, Lat] Sump- 

tyous. Di^. 

CPnttfLA'TlON./.£(^if»/arTP, Latin.] An 

" 7i Aj"*^*> partly of the rtfiiioot, 
: tljb gummy kiha. It is brought 
J^i}s' in flat cakes or mirfies; its fmell it 
%tty^ miplfiiferft, of a dead faint kind ; 
IHd, its taft? Ytry bitter and vfary acrid, 
% W%stkl^ffWi^ilbA\%, and kom the 

EaU.fndlit, where it Is prolotod from Aa 
poppy. Aftar tiia tfk^ of a dote of ^'* 
vm is over, the pain geacrally rtftuilK in 
a more violent manaer ; the fpirits, which 
had been elevated by it, btcom« l6virei' rhka 
before, and the pulfe langvid. An imma* 
Strata dofe of opium brings on a fort pf 
drunkennefs, ckeerftilacis and loud laugh* 
ttr, at ilrft, and, after many terttMe tySlf^ 
tmns, death itfelf. Thofe i4io have at-* 
cvftoned themfelves to an ianmoderate afe 
of i^tithn, are fiibjc^t to ttl«cattons and 
waaknefles of all the parts of the body ; and 
in finagmw old before their tinne. HHi^' 

O^PLE-TREE. /. [(^ibandt/tf.] Afnt^ 
tree. AtnJwortb» 

OPOBjfLSjmUM, f, [Latin.] Bala of 

OPC/PONJX. /. [Utin.] A g«mi >efin of 
a tolerably Arm tei^iv, in finatl loofe gra- 
miks, and (bmatlmet in large moflbs. It 
is of a ftrong difagreeable fmell, and aa 
acrid and extremely bittor tafia. We are 
entirely ignorattf of the plant fHiIek plD« 
doees tiiit dru|;. It ll attenasting and dfaT- 
cntient, and gently puraative. BUU 

(ypPIDAN. /. [iiffiSanus, Lat.] A towaf. 
man ; an inhabitant of a town. 

To OPPI'GNMATE. ♦. *. [d^^yftr^ 
' Lat.] To ptedge j to pawn. ^ Baton^ 

To O'PPILATE. v. a^ [oftiloy Lat. ^x!&r. 

Fr.] To heap up c 
OPPlLA'TlON. /. lofpildt'wi, Fr. /hm 

oppHaie.ll Obftrudion; matter heaped to- . 

g^fcer. Harifty, 

O^FPiLATlVE. a. [offilative, Fr.] Ob- 

OPPLB'T£t>. a. [ ifiOetMs, Lat. J RIM; 

OPPO'NEHT. *. [^mns, Lat.] *Opp». 

' fitei advert. Trior* 

OPPONENT, f. [opponent^ Latin.] 
t. Antagonift ; adverfary. 
s. One who begins the difpote by raHing 
ohje£^ons to a tenet. Siore, 

OPf>ORTU^NE. a, [ ofportUfiiiSf lath). ] 
SeafonaUe; convenient; >4t ; timdy. 


OPPORTUNELY. ^. JfiMi fportuno.] 
Seafonabfy ; conveniently 5 whn opportu- 
nity either of time or place. fVottom* 

OPPORTlTOlTy./. [(5!^«mah«f, Latta.J 
Fit place ; time ; convenience ; ftiitable* 
nefs of circomdknces to any efad. 

Ammv. Dmham*' 

To OPPO*SE. V, a. [offofer, Fr.l ' 
I- To a^ againift 5 to beadvetie j uMSn* 
der; torefift. ^ SB^ej^re. 

«/ To put in oppoiitibn{ ttx^Ncr^ an an* 
tagpnitt or rival. 'Loeke, 

'%, To pkice as an dbflaole^ JyryAnu 

4. Tn place in front. ' SliAt^e&re. 

Ta<W>PO'S£. ♦.* 

t, To 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

d p t 

a. To objeA in a disputation \ to have the 
. part of raifing difficulties. 
(M^PCySELESS. a, [from <^^)e.] Irreiifti- 

ble ; not to be oppofed^ Shakefpcare, 

OPPO'SER. /. [ from offofe. ] One that 

oppofes; antagonift^ enemy. B/aehftere. 
OPPOSITE, a. [oppofaut, Lat.] 

X; PJaced in front j facing each other.^^/^ 

%, Adverfe j repugnant. Dryden, Rogers, 

3. Contrary* TUlotfitt^ 
O'PPOSITE./. Adycrfaryj opponent; an- 

tagonift. Hooktr, 

q^PPOSITELY. 4J. [from i^^&r. J 

I* la fuch a fituation as to face each other. 


«. Adverfely, May» 

CPPOSITENESS. /. [from e/fofie.] The 

ftate of being oppof te. 
OPPOSITION. /. I9ffe/itl9, Lat.] 
' I. Situation fo at la front fomathing op- 

a. Hoftile refiibnce. MUton, 

. 3. Contrariety of affection,, Ti/lotfon» 

4. Contrariety of intcrei^ j contrariety of 

|^« CoAtdurietj of meaning; diverfity of 

meaning. Hooker, 

To^OPPRE'SS. V. tf. [oppreffut,h9U] 

X. To cruih by hard/hip or unrealbnable 

fcTcrity. Pope. 

%. To overpower ; to ful^oe, Siakfjh, 
pPPRE'SSION. /, [oppriffion, Fr.] 

1. The art of opprdfing j cruelly j feverity. 

a* The ftate of being opprefl'ed ; mifery. 


3. Hard/hip; calamity, Jddlfon, 

4. DuUnefs of fpirits ; laffitude of bodf. 

OPPRESSIVE. 41. [from 45^^«^.] 

I. Cruel ; inhuman ; unju^iy exa£lious or 


«. Heavy; ovevwrhelming. Rowf, 

OPPRE'SSOR./. [from oppreji.] One vifho 
^ harralTrs others with unjuft feverity. San, 
CEPi^O^RIOUS. a, [from offroirium, 

Lat.] Reproachful; difgraceful; cau£ng 

tiifamy. Addifon, 

OPPROfBRIOUSLy. ai, [from cpprohri- 

cm.] Reproachfully; fcurriloufly. Sbak, 
OPPRO'BRIOUSNESS. / [irom opprobri^ 

firs'] Reproachfulnefs ; fcurrility. 
Xq OPPD'GK. v. a, [oppugwo, Lat. ] To 

Oppofe ; to attack; to refift. Harntey, 

OPPV'QKaKCY. /. [from oppugn.'] Op- 

pofition. bhakefpeare, 

OjnPU'GNER. /. [from oppugn.^ One who 

oppoiea or attacks. Bojie* 

.OPSI'MATfiY. /. [i.j.i^Si*.] ^ate cdu- 

cation; late erudition. 
OPSONA<TlOJf. /. [opfoMtUf, Lat. ] Ca- 
• . teiing ; a buying p(t>vifions. ' ^ ' ^ 
O'PTABLE. a. [optgbtlit^Ut} Defiraltk; 


O'PTATIVE* w. ixpta$ivu$^iaiSa^} 1^ 

, preffive of defire. 
O'PTIC AL. f. f o^lfKogi ] Relating to th^, 
' ^ience of optiRca. " ^oyle, 

OPTI'CIAN./. [ from, cptt:4.} Oneikitt. 

^dJi>opticks. 1 

b'PTICK.,/!. [t^tiuK-l 

I. 'i^ifuai; ptoduang vifion; fubfertiept 

to viAon. Niuiefi* 

ft. Relating tt> thf ft^Off^ of vifivn. M^ 
9'PTICK. /. An inftniment bf fight ; aa 
. organ of &ht. , .. ^ Bro^^ 

p'PTICK. / foAjw.] The fcience of the 

nature and'Iaws of vifion. Brotnft 

O'PTIMACY./. [o>//«w<«,Li't.] NobUi- 

ty ; body of nobles. Hotod,^ 

OPTI'MITY./, [horn eptmuilLat.} The 

ftate of being beft. . t 

O'PTION. /, ioptio, Lat. J Ctoicc i cleai- 

4>n. SmabrUgt^ 

O'PULENCE. t f. [ opulentia, Latin. ] 
O'PULENCY. S WeAth J riches; afflu, 

ience. C/areadoM» 

O'PULENT. *. [apMlentuSj Lat.] Rich 5 weai? 

thy; affluent. ' -South, 

O'PULENTLY 4i. [from opmient.} Rich- 
ly ; with fplendor. • . .^ 
OR. eottjvxff. [^^Ciy> Saxon.] 

I. A disjunftivc particle^ markingdiftnbo- 

tioA, and fiunetimes oppofition. 

%, It correfpondi to either ; he muft ekbir 
- fall or fly. 

3. Before; or ever^ is he/ore f^^ 

OR. /. [French.] Gold. ' /'^>'* 

G'RACH. A plant. 

O'RACLE. /. loraculum, Lat.] 

I. Something delivered by fupeinatttral 
wifdom. f^' 

a. The place where, or pcrfon of whp» 
the determinations of heaven arc ettquutd. 

3. Any perfon or place where **^'V^ 
cifions are obtained. *^* 

4. One famed for ^ifdom. ■ * 
To O'RACLE* V. n. [from the iioofl.KTo 

utter oracles. ,>V^*^ 

ORA'CULAR. 7 a: [hom orack.\^^ 
ORA'CULOUS. 5 ing oracles ; '^^^^ 

oracles. * fr*l*^* 

ORA'CULOUSLY. <u/. [ from ^''^"ir^ 

In manner of an oracle. Brtwi' 

ORA'CULOUSNESS. /. [fromT flrtffK^'J 

The ftate of being oracular. ; 

O'RAISON. /. [oraifon, Frtnch.] ^Jf^ 

verbal fupplication. HSR 

O'RAL. a. \on^, Fr.] Ddivered by mWrtM 

not written. AadtJ^^ 

CRALLY. «/. [ froin otaL ] By mau» i 

without writing. , /z^ 

O'RANGE. /. [ ^Mnge, Fr. ] , The ItT^ 

have tWo lobes like ear^ cot inform oia 

heart; the fnut is round *ni dcpfc»J^ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

d iLd 


. tod et a yeUow «elQiir wlieft r^>e^ la ^hlch 
it ,4i^er«,fhMn ^the citcon asd lenic^Q. 


tion of oranges. ' '^ SpfHa$or. 

O^ANiG£MV£K./. See PxAit/jDf. which 

itis a fpeciei, 

.<yitANG£WIfE./. fflriwftfandti?//*.] A 

• 4(*omzn who fells oranges. . Shakejpear'e, 

OJtA'TION. /, {wstfho, Lat] A 4>ecch 

^''flaade accordiog' to the laws of rhetcil-idc:; 

•©RATOmCAL. a. ffrom oratour,'] Rhc- 
< to4cai I .befitting ah oratour. ' . Jf^afu, 
O'RATOUR. /.' l^raiorf J^aC] 
. t^ ApBb]|ck %raker ; a 2n4nH)f dbqueoce, 

%* A petitioner! , T^his fcnfe is .ufcd ia^d- 
dfcfles to chancery. 
•O^RATORY./. [ctatoria, a^s^ Lat.] 
i.\£]oqueiice ; . rhetorifcaTildll, ^ Sidxey, 
t»- Elcercife of eloquence/ .Arbuthhot, 

■ 3*' A-private-place,^ which is deputed and 
■allotted for prayer alone. Hooker, 'Taylor, 
ORB./. [<»rM Latin.] 
itf Sphere j orblculaT body ; circular body., 
. Whodxvardp 
X4 . .Kfundane fphere y celeftial body. 

3* Wheel ; any rplliog body. . Milton* 
4. Circle j line drawn round. 
^ Circle 4efcrihed by any of the mundane 
iphfcres. . ..Bacon* 

; 6. l^riodj revokttioo of time. ^JMlhon, 
7. Sphereof aftion. . Sb&kej^eare. 

ORBA'TION. f\orhatu%^ Lat.J^PrivaiCion 

of parents or children. 
CRB^D. a. [fxotti cr^.] 

3 «• Round ^ circular y, orbicular. 

1. Fomed into a circle^ ^ mi/ton, 

3i Rou|i(4ed. jjiddifon, 

' 5i^Bl'CULAR. tf. [or^/«iij/Vtf, Fr. ;//-^ifa- " 
latui, L4f.] 
' i. Spherical. MHton, 

». Circular. . Niivton, 

Oi^VC0LARJ*y^ W. . [flrom. orhiruiar.] 
'^ Spherically j circularly. 
<^Bl«JiLA;R.NBSS. /. [(rom Mrbicukr.l 

The fiate ^ heing orbicular. 
PRfirCULArTED. <i. {orbkulstus, Latin.] 
J Moulded into aji prb. 
CfcRBlT. /. [or^iM, Latin.] The line de» 
icribed hy the iisvolutiob oif a planet. 

O^BITY./. lo4usi Latin*] L61s> or want 

of parent^ or^ children. 
ORG./, [cna, Lat.] A fott of -fea-fifh. 


IWICHAL. /. A ftone &om which a blue 

colour if soide. - J^fjjf^tbt 

O'RCHaNET. jfi An herbi , Mif^Qrib. 

C'ROJARD. y: tpMcge^pi, S?xon.j A 
. garden of fruit-trees, Btn» Johnfbni 

OWmsnt, /. f«:x?W-] . The plat:* 
wjiere the muficians are fet at a piibUcll 
,.ftow» " , 

OR.D.^/, An edge. , OrJ, In old ^hi^^i 
* , .(ignined beginning, 
,T9<yi^A|N. t;./*. fdr^^'flfl^' L»t;] , 

jr.«Tb appoint ; to decree. d>iydtai 

^ a.^To.liUhliih { to fettle $ to ijiditutek 

.. 3v To fet In an.^ce. EJiJb^ 

4. To in veil with miaiilerial fu^^ion, bit 
laceidotal powet.. StillimJUeti 

O'RDAINfcR. /^ [from ordain.] He wh(J 
..Q'RDEAL./. [on*bal. Sax.] A trial by fitt 
or water, by which the peribb accufed ap- 
pealed to heaven^ by walking blifidfoM 
over hot bars of iron J 6r being thrdwa 
into the water. ' Halit, 

0/RX>ER. /. [ordo; Latin.] 

I. Method j tegulat diljofitiori. .$actn^ 
i. Xfiipl^liihed pfocefst . .Pf^ttu 

3. Propef flate. . tocki^ 

* 4, Regularity! fettled mo^e. DanieU 

5.. Maiidate } pre'cept ; comtnaiid. 

.. 6.. Rule ;. Regulation. Booker^ 

7. Regular government, ^ haniefi 

8. A fociery of dignified pci-fonjdifllnguliJi* 
ed by inarkiof honour. .i^icon* 
^. A rank, or clafs. 1 fCtngt^ 
10. A religious- fraternity* Sf/ak^feeri^ 
ti. [In the plural.] Hierawhicai flate, 

* . Dfydftn 

,ia* Means to an end. Taylor^ 

13. Meafures; care. Spenjir^ 

14. [In.architedlure.]> A fyftehi of; the 
feveral member?, ornameiHs, and propor- 
tions, of qoiumns andpiUfters. . Thetts-arft 

* five ordcn of columns ; three of whith are 
(^r)3ek, Wai. the doric, ibnic, and)co. 
.' tinthian j and two Italian) vial the tuf-« 
can and compoiite. 

To O'RDER. 'V, ». [from the nouft^J 
I. To regulate} toadjuilf toma^age^ to 
condu£t. Pfalmsi 

«; Tomahagej to pJroCui-e. " Upttfer^ 

3. To methodifej^ to dt(pof« iitJy. 
". i Chronh 

4, To dired ; to command. 
5r To ordain to a facerdotal fun^ien^ , 

. ffV/giM 
O^RDERER. /. It'rom order.] One ihafe 

oi-ders, mcthodiles, oi- regulates, ^ucklingm 
dtDERLESS. a, \hom 9rder,] Difottler- 

lyj out qf rule. . Shakefb'iatti 

O'kDERLlN'ESS. /. [from bi-derif.J fU* 

gularity; jnethodicaliitfs.. . ' ^ 

O'RDERLY. a, [Uctn (frda^,} 

i. Methodical} re£Uiar.^ .H»^ir, 

* 4^ I. N«l 

Digitized by VJ.OOQ IC 


O Rrl 

8. Not tomnltooui | well regulated. 

' 3. According with eftabliHied method. 

O'RDERLY. ad, [from order.] Methodi- 
callyj accordiag to orcier $ regularly. 


O'RDINABLE. a, [ord'iM, Lat.] Such as 

niay be appointed. Haimnotid* 

O'RDINAL. a, [ordinal, Vr, «rdina/is, Lat.] 

Noting order. Holder, 

O'ADINAL. /. [crdinaltYt, ordinaU^Ux.] 

A ritua]; a book containing orders. 
O'RDiNANCE. /. [ordonnance, Fr.] 
^ I, Law J rule j prefcript. Spettfer, 

2. Obfervancc commanded. ffayior, 

3. Appointment. Sbakefpeare, 

4. A cannon. It is now generally written 
iof^^\{\\Ti&ion ordnante. Bi)akefpeare» 

O'RDINARILY. ad. [from ordinary,} 

1, According to eftabliflied rules 5 accord- 
ing to fettled method. fVoodward, 

2. Commonly ; ufually. Sgutb, 
O'RDINARY. a. [ordinarius, Latin.] 

X. Mabliihed; methodical j legular. 


2, Common; ufual. Ttllotfon, 

3. Mean j of low rank. Jfddifon* 
4* ^g'y f "0^ handfome : as, ilie is an or- 
dinary woman. » 

0'RDI*kARY. /. 

I. Eflabliibed judge of eccleiiailicalcaufes. 

a. Settled eAabli/hment. Bacon, 

3. Adual and confiant office. . Wotton* 

4. Regular price of a meal. Shakefpearct. 

5. A place of eating eftabliihed at a cer- 
tain price. Swift, 

To (ORDINATE, v, a, [(^rdinatut, Latin.Jl 
To appoint. Daniel, 

O'RDINATE. a, [ordinatus^ Lat] Regu- 
lar; methodical. . Ray, 

ORDINAMION. /. [ordjnat-o, Lat.] 

1. E^bljAied order or tendency* Norris, 

2, '} he aft of invefting.any man with fa- 
cerdotal power. StilH/tg/leet, 

0'R'DNANC£./. Cannon j great guijs. 


t>Rt)0^NN4^CE. / [French.] DifpoG- 
tion of Agures in a piftute. . 

O'RDURE. /. [ordure, Frencji] Dungj 
filth. ' Dryden, 

ORE. /• [ope, or ojxz. Saxony oor, Dut. 
a mine.] 

I^ Metal unre^ed ; metal yet in its mi- 
jicral ftate. • Baleigb,, 

2. Metai* Milton, 

o*Kz^Mxy, 7 y 

A iveed» Carew, 



O'R G A L. /. Lees of vane, 

O'RGArf,. f. [ofya%w,} 

g. Natural .mflrumeut; ^s^ tliC tongue is 
i^ or^ati of fp«e^. .' lUkigb^ 

ft. An inilmment of muri9kf<^'^ft^g of 
^ pipes filled with winder aj)d v^^qpSj^ tour-h- 

cd by the hand, ^ • ^^^ 

ORGA'NI6aL.7 r • ;4's^ n 
ORGA'NICK. J "^ [orffmcu,/V^]t^ 

i.;ConfiftIiig of various 'parts co-o^eriiting 
with each other. ^Milton, 

2. Inftrumental ; afting as inftruments of 
nature or art. ' M^kon, 

3. Refpe^ng organs* Hplder, 
ORGA'NICALLY. ad, [horn MrganUid,] 

By means of organs or inf^ruments. 

,7 l»ke, 

ORGA'NICALNESS. /. [/rom or^anUal] 

, State of being organkiil. . 

CRGANIbM. /. [horn crgan^} ^Otgani- 
cal /^ructurc. Grew, 

O'RGANIST. /. lorganifte, .Fr. froj^ or- 
gan,] One who phiys on the organ. 
. ' , JBfmle, 

ORGANIZA'TION. /., [frpm organize.) 
Conftruftion in which the parts are fo di^ 
poied as to be fubfervient to each othff. 

To ORGANIZE, v. a, fef^^Jif/pr, >.] 

To conftruft fo at that oncpa^«ii>^tO|e' 

ratc^ with another. - - « - ^ 

O'RG^NLOFT. /. [organ and h^^\ 

loft where the organs Hand. . 

O'RGANFIPE,./.' [organ and/^!] 

pipe of 4 mufical <)rgan. SBfm 

O'RG ANY, 7. [ origanum^ Utiw. / 

ORGA'SM. /. [orgafme, Tr, o^^ifpf.] 

Sudden vehemence. Da-ham, 

G'RGEIS./. ATea.fiih, calle4Jikewii<M>r. 

gargling, Ainjvmth^ 

ORGl'LLOUS. a, [orgueilUux, Frencfc.] 

Proud ; haughty. . Shak^feart, 

CXRGIES. /. [orgia, Lat,] Mad rites of 

Bacchus J framick revels. Ben^ JM^n, 
O'RICHALCH. /, [orichakuMrUty^ \nk. 

' Skeder, 
O'RIENT. a. [orient, Latin.] , . ^ , 

1, Riling as the fun. MHi^ 

2.. Eaftern ; oriental. 

3. Bright; fluniogi glittering ;. gfu^n 

fparkliRg. ... Mam. 

O'RIENT. /. [orient, Fr.J The isaft j <hc 

part where the fun hrft appears.. 
ORIE'NTAL. a, [orlentat, Fr.] Eaffcm ; 

placed in the eaft; proceeding from the 

eaft. , ] Bonn* 

OKXBfUTAU/, An inhabitaitf dJT. th4 «ift- 

ern^arts of the world, ' (^rrw, 

ORJE^TALISM. /. [from otienffH.}-. An 

idiom of the eafterniangvagcf^ ^^^ailero 

mode of fpeech. ., , 

QRIEKTaT-ITY./. Ifrom oiieiuary, S^tc 

ofbeiftgorkataL , iS^«* 

O'RIFICE./. [frtfcittm^ Ux,1 Ai^ open- 

jpg Of pci£>MtiOA« . . jirkiftknof* 

7 . O'Wi 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

'C' R' P 


mXdKklj. [orff«*«i.,Xatin. J WiW mar- 
' joram. Spenfetm 

O'lLieiKi 7 r r ^ Tw. 1 
ORVGINAL.! /• f^'^^' ^^^-1 
^^ieg^lsldfg; fi/ft exiAettce. Bentky, 

1.' Fomitain 5 fource j that which gWcs be- 
eiphrn^^in- exifiende. ' Jaterbury, 

%^Firfkco^yi archetype. JLocke* 

* 4. Dcrivatioi) j defecAt. Drynitit, 

ORratK^L, <T. [orJ^iTd/i*, Latin.] Pri- 
^vc 5 priftinc j firft. StilUngftett, 

OR:,W}INALtY. ij^. [fiom flr%>«4/. J 
i^'Fr^rtix; with rcgar<l. to the firft 
Cj|4fc, ^ Smallridge, 

V A 1!^ firft. ' Woodward, 

j. A« the firft author, itefcommon, 

OWGlirALKESS^f. [from 9r/^;»tf/.J The 
.joiitlty or ftate of biing 6riginal. 
TO'GINARY. a. [triginaire, French.] 
"'£j 4hro<!ui5Ivfe I caofing cxiifence. Ch^w. 
f«ljl^nmitivc I that which was the firit 
l8«e.^'' Sandys, 

t|(»\)lirGINATE, •». ii. [frpm(rigw».J Ta^ 
: brin^ ih^ exlfteoce. 

QRlGlKA'tlON. /. [arti'tfiatio, Lat.XThc 

. IT a^ of bringing into exiAepfC. Kti^* 

WiSONS./. [oraifiiSf Fi-tnch.] A prayer | 

«** (uppjication. CettM, 

CRt^l l/t f W!r^,.Dutch.] The middle 

" letki. ' Skitinp', fiayward, 

(^RWAMCNT. /. [(^namentum, Latin J 

X* £mbeiUihinent) d^oration. , RcgerU 

^..'HonoiUr ; that^which coiifers dignity. 

■ ' , , , ' Aidifin, 

01tN;4M£^TAL. tf, [from ornament} 

Sen^g to decoratioaj givicg ^mbelliih- 

QR,N AMf'NTALLY, ' ad, [frooi orfl^iw«- 

/^l Jo fuch a manner as may confer em- 
OIt5!fAMB>t4tED/ ^. {(xooi ornament,'!^ 
'ImbeUidKd} bedecked. 
0{ftNATE. a, [orn(ttui, Latin.J Be«leckcd 5 

Hecorated; fine. Milton, 

CKKNATEN^SS. / . (from ornate,] Finery 5 

jfate 6f being embelhihed, 
PWA^YV^^* i- [<r/;am, Lat4n,y^?cpfa. 
' 'W^i ' ' Alnfwortb, 

Qaja'T^HpLpGY. /. [SfVK ajld>o;.o?.] A 

d^uHim on birds. 

(vlmA^;/; [ap^kt^a?.] : a cww who has 

' Ibjjb father pr mother, of b9^h^ SpenUr, 

tolJ^HAW. tf. [or/i«/m,Ji-tnth.J Bereft 

^^of^reirtS. * ' , Sidnfy, 

,A)'RmAWA6E.7 /. [from'er/»i&j«.] Sute 

' ti*iiPftAHiSM. J of ?n orphan. 

.Q^VMENT. /. [aufj^ig^ntum, Latin.] 

Jru^ and genuine or f intent is a.foUacecua 

jSffiL It is of a fine and p^uVe tc.x|urc, re- 

''m^^ablyTireavy, and its colour is a bright 

i'l'W beautiful yelloM^, like that of gjold. It 

18 A9t ^d but very tough, eaiily bending 

without breakiag ; fome have declared or- . 
piment to be only Mufcovy talk, fta.ned by 
. accident. But talk is always elaftick, but^ 
crpiment not fo. Orpiment has been lup- 
pofed to contain gold, and is found in mines 
of gold, filver, and copper, and fontetimes 
in the ftrata of marl. The painters are , 
very fond of it as a gold colour. Hill, 

(yRPHANOTROPHY. /. [of^iic and. 
rp^,"] An hofpital fur orpnans. 

O'RPINE.y. [oyyia,- French.] Livcrcr or 
roferoot. Miller,^ 

O'RJl.ERY. /. An inftrument which by ma- 
ny complicated nrovements reprefents the 
revolutions of the heavenly bodies. It wat 
firft made by Mr. Rowley, a mathematici- 
an bnrn at Litchfield, and io named from 
his patron the earl of Orrery, 

O'RRIS. /. [crit, Latin.] A plant and, 
flower. Bacon,' 

0'RJ<.IS, /. fold French] A fort of gold or- 
filvcr lace. , 

ORTS. /. Refufe ; things left or thrown 
away. Sen, Johnfcn, 

O'RTHODOX. a, [Sj&ocana ^o«|w.] Sound 

in opinion and doarine i not heretical. ^ 


CRTHODOXLY. ad, [from orthodox, \^ 
With foundnefs of opinion. Bacon* 

O'RTHODOXY. /. [p^^f Jo{/a.] Soundncfa 
in opinion and doarine. Siv'tfi, 

CKRTHODROMICKS./. [from SgS©. and 
^^^jcA^] The art of failing In the ark of 
fome great circle, which is the ihorieft or 
ftraighieft diftance between any two points 
on the furface of the globe. Harris, 

O'RTHOGON. /, [l^^of and yo»»*.] A, 
reftanglfd figure. Pea. ham, 

O'RTHOGON AL. a, {from orthogon,'] Reta- 

6'RTHOGR'APHER. / [l^boi and y^<(^#.] 
One who fpcUs according to the rules of 
grammar. Shakejpeare, 

ORTHOGRA'PHICAL. a, [from ortbo^ 

1. Rightly fpclled. 

2. Relating to the fpelirng, j4ddijhn, 
^. Delineated according to the elevation.- 

ORTHOGRA'PHICALLY. ad. [from or- 
' tbograpb'ua/,] 

1, According to the rules of fpelling. 

2. According to the elevation. 
ORTHO'GRAPHY. /. [l^bo( and y^i<pcc,1 

* 1 . 1 he part of grammar which teaches hpw 
words Ihould be fpelled. Holdgr, 

2. The art or praftice of fpelling. Sivift» 
3* The elevation of a building delineated.' 


ORTHO'PNOEA. /. [o^^oirvota.'} A diU 
order of the lungs, in which refpiralion 
rtn be performed only in an upright pof- 
turc* ' Harvfy, 

4(^» O'RTIV li. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


iy ofPietyi 

tree of the 
iieV. Maf,* 

' Miller. 

t hard Tub. 
' a hoiie's 

I Afriiill 


i]- Having 

r changing 

' fubftance, 


^^SSlt^lCA'TION-. f, [fr(«n (^'.] Change 

of Csmcou?, "membranous, oi* cartilaginous, 

into bony fubftance. ' ' Sharp* 

pSSIfFRAGB, /. [offtfraga^ Lat. ^Mrdgue^ 

French.] A icijjd ©reagle. Numkers, 

to QJS^tFy -v, a. yjh ^tid/So, tat.] To 

* thVnffetobone. ' Sbarp. 
C^SI^'YOROPl <r. [ofa and 'Voro, tat.] Dc- 

voiil-jng bancs. ' D&bdtn, 

P'SsU'ARY./. [oJTtfarim, Latin.l A char- 
^nelBWe.- '^ : 

gST- t /♦ A veflel upon which hops or 
VST. J tnalt are dried. P'tSf^ 

toTE'NSIVE. a. {oftentif, Fr. «/m^5, tat. J 

Showing J betokening. . 

g'STEr</T./. [opent;tm, Latin.] 

1, Appearance j ait j miiiner j xntea. 

' ■ '* ' Sbakeheari, 

2. Showj t'okrtS. . Shabejfedre, 

• J. A porttnjt J, a prpdljpr. ' Vrji*n\ 
pST?>JTA'TrON\ /. [ofterftatib, Latin.] 
^ |, butvvard (how • appearance, ^bak^p, 

a, Ana^itioys difplay j boift j vain /how. 
- '^ * Atterbury, 

\% A diow ; a fpc£taclc. N6tin ufe. 
T '« ~ ' , . • -'^ Sba%care. 

oir n 

f Olid X)f fhbw 5 'f6nd to cxpofc to Vitfw, 

) tioui,] Vainly *j boaftftillV. ' 

OSTENTA'TOjUR./, UjiHttd, Latin.]: 4 

i^ hbaierj a vain ftttW ti-flibw: 

5 OSTrbCOL'LA. /. Ut^99 and iitf(Xa«Al 
<?/?£?fto'is7rcq\»entin G'ctmahy; aA4 b'aft* 
Idng^beeh'famousfiir-bringmgon scalKisiii 

I' fraauo^d bonies.' ' ' Hilf;' 

. O^tEO'tOP^. /. [•{'iiirandi^offf^/Ji Pams 

• in tfte bones. •' DiS, 
pSTKCyLCiGy. /. [5t£o» and xl5^]'A 4^: 
* • fcription of the bon«. ' Tat^r, 

.,, OSTl'^ARY.yi Tf.(ioi»cniligat'wMdb*aWV 
ver difembogtrMitfclf. BU^tmi* 

O'S^LER-. /. Utofl^Ur, F»€nch.]- The'^f*>iri^> 
w1io takes caffc Gi hoitfwat aii Shn. S^oift. 

CKSTLpRy. /» [boJielirU, Frenth.J* l%c 
p]laCe belonging to the ofller. 

(ysf RACISM. /. Ry|*j>ic-;ajt.j:A;nhrtfnrf 
of fentcnce^ in wnicb i)xt note of attfirffj 
of cDfi^em nation Was niaHced n^n'a' iktXi^ 

OSTRA'ClMS; /. Pfiraeitn expi«ffito tfig> 
comhion oyfter in its foflile ftate; HUl, 

O^STltlCJf^. /. lautrui^\ Fr. /ryA'wi^MiJ 
OflrVeb is rahgfed' among bird*. It ilf Y«y 
lairgt, its witigs ve?ry ih'brt;' ajii* thfe -li^ 

• alwut four' or five ipan*; Th«} fefathfers^of 
its wing9 aft: in great efttfeh), ani^ahi oftd 
as a^ ornament for hats. They arc hont» 
e^d j)y w^ df (fotirfif,' for' tKey ncWr ^ ^ 
But' ufe theii^ ^irigtrto aftfii tJMnl hi I'dlh. 
ning more fwiftly. Thi'Cftricb fv^alloWs 
bits of iron or bVafsy in \ht fame vmilatAi^ 
dfhet bii^a^ Will r#<]loW fihall ftohe» o^ 
grave], to a/!]i| in digefting of r^TttmiffUt- 
ihf thfeli' food. It lay« its eggs apbn di^ 
ground, hides them uiider the ffi'nd, liid 

: %e (^n hatches them. Calketi 

QTACOV'STICk. L [S-rd ahd ^'ir^J An 

. inftrunieht t6 f»rilfiatc heating.^ Gr^ 
O'THER. pron, fofcjt, SaWh'.) ' 

^. r^ot the {Avit I not this ^ diflbr^nt. • 

». Not I, or he, but {ortit oiie elf(i. Af/ftf#<W 


Not the one, not this, b^rthec<tmn»y. 

Correlative to iacB» fit/. 

Something befides, ' t^^ie. 

The next. Sh»hfy>edre, 

1' The third pad. Bekiyhbtfik: 

8. It is fbmetihies put ^llipticalfy for ot^ 

OfTHEROATES. *il. Inant)th«rtrt#Ancr. 
pnrHERGin^B. k. [dth^ ix^ iHifiq Of 
another k!nd, 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 

j@ V E 

Or.y E, 

jfa othfjr f la9€$« ^ , . Booker, 

, At <^ff times, . . ' . , / 

/«.' |j]^9^d,i^i^nt naapn^r. SpPttKt 

2« By other cau^^ B^mg^* 

0'CT£R. /, [ote|3b Saxon.J An^ampkiH- 
,.<yVjS^iiaMl that preys pponfiih. Otf«;. 

Xi^^Mi^; rerembling . the longitudio^l, If c- 

jQ' VAt. /. That whiehf has the (ka^ oi an 
egg.. ^ /i^^i*. 

09^MQVS, fi. [from ot«w, Lat,'] Ccn- 
I^Ms of. e^^,! Tbdirffo/fi 

WA'RtY'*/. [ovarium, Utii>.]) Tht,|)Jirt 
. Aiftbe bodyi ii> whic^<i9{9:ies<^tlpi» is per- 

.QVA^'TION. /, [♦^/Vj.LatkuJ A loflfer 

S.VST. I ^: -^ fortof cAter^tUin 
WlfSJ^, /. An ornament of ^oU or- jewels. 
lUjJ t. "»<; / •' BacvH; 

vTQ^^ A [cp°» Saxon J, A«f«*chedca- 
fit^^MAt^ w4th:^re to bake*breai» 

.Q^Sftf Ivi4^ a ^ovhle figni/ication in the 

HMSK^'of pijacoe. If^ the pIlRfr be upooror 

^9(^fi river, it comes from the S^XBikOf^, 

, at^^fpf^, 01^ bank,:- b<i( if thoM. ilk ^ the 

, f^i^bourbood another of the fame name, 

, ^i^Aguiihed bV the addition eC nether, 

^i«i|i^«itfr is from the. Gothick t^an^ abiMre* 

jyVEJt. ^y^ [^^v <;^hicli } ♦igifl',, S w.] 

. ^ Above, wim refped to excellence or 

. *B»^?SK ..... ivfifii. 

%^ A^ve, with reg^ to ruk or a^tbcri- 

. JjF, , S»Atb. 

.J. Abovtl n iJace.- Shakif^«are, 

4» 4$ire^; as, he leaped oytx she brook, 

^\ i:w_,den, 

Kt Thwogh. / HammoMd,, 

.rj» Before. . £f«i»fer» 

P'VER, n^, . . • ,...;, 

|. Above the top. Luke, 

ft* More than a <|uantir)r aAgnfd. iy4/i0« 

9». from 6d« ta fide. prrrt;. 

4. Ftofa one to another. Bac$n, 

$, From a coontry keypAd the fet. Bacon, 

ti Ottthcfirface. . Cenefis, 

L throughout; completely. , Scu/h, 

W«Ui i«feliti#n ^ andthft tJanP^Vrjfdfin» 
,^ filt^MUdinary j ifj a ffeat degree. , 
^\. >t' vi , 'jP^A^r. 

M. jDlVKli Ofid above, BeCdej; beyond 
i»Jlm,ii#«& firft luppofed or knm«4i>te]y in.* 
tC9^d» Numbers^ 

11. QvEH agak^i. Op|>#filcs urgar^Mng 

ift fr^rit.' Bacon, 

t^ In <»iD|K)filtoli it luB a ^ont varkty of 

. ligpUl^tionft4 io it aihltriKUjr . paetoi 10 
nouns', .a^j^^ves, or other parts of fp^h^ 
To <yVEJR<r ABOUND. «». «. [arver^nda* 
Jmeid*]: Tbaboondnoi»>thaB eopvg^ 

foX)'Vl^ACT|» -P, 4. [tfwaiJoi^/]^'^) 
a£t more than enough. £iti/ih^^* 

TbvCyVW-ARCH. V. tf. [jrwai^vn^rf'j: 
1> cover as with^naich« i^^* 

To. (yVER. AWE, V, a, {pvn.^^ aw¥^^ 
To keep in awe by fup.eriotfr in^Hf fice^ 

ToO/VER-BALANCE.v. a. To wi^i 

dowa; to p^^epvnderate. Bonv^ 

Q'VEIUBAJUANCE, >; {<w«^ aod. ^«ls«^J 

Something jnore th^^i c^i^ivalenf. Z<)f^ 
O'VEk-BATTLE: a. Too fruitfpl^t c»»- 

btrant. ... ^op(^«r, 

ToO^VEIC-BEARt ^. tf* To w|>r«r»i>xa 

fubdtic 5 to whelm j . to bearKlonw, lio^kp-^ 
To O'YBR-BIP;) v,ii. [w*r.afli>i(/,j^ T^^ 

Q0cr more than equivalent. J^rydau 

ToCKVBR^BtOW, v, ». fpw.ip^^iwwj 

T^bf paft its Violence* 
ToX)'VB&-BL»W. V. «. [w«ra*i^i^iwij 

Ta dxive »4«}ouds befiore ti)^ wijodA 
O'VBR-BOARD. tf^. [over and ^o^zri/. Scr 
. BoAtftD.] OHftheibip}.out0fth&4iiu. 

Xo'O'VER.BUi.K. «. a, lover md^MU 
X»'ot|w«fs,b)» bulJfc.. ^kpaH0 

tp Q'VER-BURPEN, ^. 4. f<«/.r.awlA;^ 
/i'i*} To lo|wi*iit|i too gr4j»t wvgbfti 

To OVHIUBijV. v^tf, Iwr^oiiiHfy.l^ 
bujr too dear. X^i^^sft^ 

to O'VBBwCARRy- t«.o^f«i«r4ad<wny>| 
To' hurry too far^ to be «rge«l to ds\^ thi9£ 
vtolent Off daog^rou^ .. I^»fmaJ^ 

To O'YER-CAST. v. a, f^n, 9v«r-e^ 
[fiver «rtd cfifi.y 

J. To ci«»itj, to darkajij to covtr with 
gloom. Sftufiri 

%, Tq conv ^ ftf4fl^# 

3. To rate too high in computation* 

To OTER.CHARCE. «. #. fc«;<»r. Mid 

<-i><Mrp».J ... 

1. To opprtis ^ to cloy i l» forchargp* 

2. To load ; to croud tqo mv^. .Fope» 
J. Ta bur^bea. Shakeffeoiem 

4. To rate too high. Si>akJpc(ve. 
^, TqiilltoofuU. X^fM 
tf. To load with too greiit ^ charge., 

Jo 0'VEjR.f!LOUD,. v. a, ^owr and cUudi 
To cover with clouds. Ticket* 

To 0<VERCOME. »^4, pret. l overcame % 
part^ pair, overcome ; , anciently overcee»etff 
as in Spewfer, [overcomfn% Putcb^} 
.g. To fubdue 3 to con^ufir j tp vaoqnid* 

;». Tc» 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

t» T<?^onr/Iow; to Ctfrcbarge* fbiiipi^ 
< % T<» C0t)e over or upon ^ to invade fud- 

ti^l jr . N«)t jfi ufc. Shtike^mre, 

To <y VERGOME. V. »». To jain the Uipcri- 

'Ority-, .^ . %i?«i. 

CKVERCOMEA. /. [from tb« verb. J He 

T# <WKl-COUNT. V, *. [9vtr and fflimf ] 

To' f ato above the true vaUir. Shahfptare, 
XvO'VCKPa. «'. «. [<w«r and dtt,'\ To da 

n^ore than enought Grew, 

'J^O'VfiH-DKBbS. w.rf. [vvtruyidrep.} 

T# •'dom la»i(Hy. JPo/'^. 

.Tfo O'VER-DRIVE. V. tf. [*«erand</rwr] 

To drivo too hard> or beyond ftrenjgtb. Gen, 
To-<yVER-EYE. v. «. [•wraad^^J 

%4 T» (i*pef intend, ■ - 
r «# To obferve } to remark. Sbakel'p^ste, 
Tf^^'VER.EMPTY. *. tf. [n^ and «w^j».] 

• To ^makbtoa empty. Carew, 
O^EAFAL./. [wtfrand^/.] Cataraa. 


Ti^Q'VER-PLOAT, v. n. [ww-a^d/wr.] 

. Tafwiroj^^ to float* VfjJen. 

Tff-Onr^i^FLOW. V. If. [over and>w.]' 

, It To be fuller tha* the brim can bold. 

r ' Lceie, 

, , #^ Tor«9iu%ef»te. *i5^<r5, 


♦ ^jlTi>*11 beyond the brim. ^ 9>y/or. 
Mv«, ToiWt»«e r to drown j to over-mn. Shyd, 

^f¥£llvFLOW. /. [0^<r and /m;.] Xnun- 

daCioBrf oD^rfe-thon fUlnefs ; fifchacpian- 

H tffy.-^ft wns^ aver ; , exuberance, jirbutbnot, 

OTgRFLOWINC. /. [from ovir-fio%o,} 



^ E4»6iefaAce f copioufnefs. > JR^ers, 

C/^YliR'WLQWlHQlY. sd, [from <w.^. 

^tt'iiiSftr.} Emberantty. ^ifc. 

li^Q^vm^fhY. i».*r. [/?twr and^.} To 
. firof»by flight, Dryden. 

O^VER-FORWARDNESSr / [over and 
I f0tem'^nffit} Too great quickiHfs^ B4/e, 
T^O«VER-FREIGHT. a;, a, pret. <w#r. 

/higkted-i part, wer-fr^u^k To load 
. toa heavily. ' . "* 

To^'VER^GET^ V. tf. [tfv^ ind ^#r.] To 

' reach f to come up with. $\dnef. 

To Q'VER-GLANCE. v. rf. , [•ver and 

liance.] To look ha(Tilv ovf r. iibakefpedre. 
To <yVER.GO. itf. a. [ot/<r aod^.J To 
, far|9A(5|teie«cel. ' Sidney. 

To <y VER-GORGB. v. n. {tfv^r tnd^f^. J 

To gorge toa much. 
ToCKVER^pROW. V. tf. [ow and^riw.J 

I. To cover with growth. ^nftr,' 

!• To rife above* Mortimer, 

Tc^ aVER-GROW. tr. i». To grow be- 
« yond the fit or natural fize« Kjfolleu 

O'VER-GROWTH. /, [.mir^ni growth] 

Exuberant growth. . Bac»n* 

ToO'VERHALE. v. 41. [wprw^kate,] 

i.' To fprfad over. Sfenfrr^ 

^ Ta otamine over agaiii. 

to OVER^H Ated. v. <ft f wtfr aiiJ,i^\3 

To jut Of er-j to impend over. Stai^tearem 
to O'VER.HANO. 'v.n, TowtoyerTWf. 
To O'yER.HARDEN.. v* a:^[fn;er and 

hardtn,} To make too hard. .ffoWir* 

<yVER-HEAD. tfi/. [over ind heU} A 

loftj in the zenith ; above. Mtbom, 

ToQ-VER-HEAR. v. a, [over tiA bear.] 

To hoar thofe who tdo not mean ta be 

heatd. Shakgfpeare, 

To O'VER-HEND. v. *. [flwiand A«r^.J 

To overtake ; to reach. Spenfer^ 

ToO'VER-JOy. v.a. [overzoAjoyT] To 

transport; toravifli. Tsylor^ 

O^ER-JOy./. Tranfportj ecftaf^. 

To Q^VER-RIPEN. v. a. [over and n/>en.} 

To ttiaJic too t^pe^ Sbai^bgare. 

To OVER-LABOUR, v. a. [over and /*- 

• hour.j To take too much pains on any 

thing I tQ harrars with toil. Dry Jen, 

To OV^RLA^DE. V. a. [wera»dAw/ir,J To 

over- burthen, SucAfinw, 

OVEI^L A'RGE. a. [over and lar^o,} La-ger 

than chough. Collier^ 

OVERLA'SBlNGLY. tf(/. [ot^andA^j 

With exaggeration. . . j^rortivood. 

To OVERLA'y. V. a, [(Mer and Ay.}„ 

f . To opprefs by too much weight or power. 
Rate^b, itn. yobttfin, 

2. To fmother with toamuch or too clofe 
covering. ^ Milton* 

3. Tafmotheri to cru(hj to overwhelm. 

I Soufb, 

4. To eloud ; to over^aft. . Spenjer^ 

5. To cover foperflcially. BxodBSt 

6. To join by fomething laid over. 

' 1 Mikut. 
To OVERLEA'P. v. a. [over and i^.] 

To paft 1^ a jomp, . t>rydtn, 

OVERLE'ATHER. /. [wer and U^tther.] 

The part of the /hoe that coveis the foot. 
Ta OVERLI'VE. v. a. [over and /ii/^.J To 

live tofliger than another ^ lo ,(Mrvive.,) to 

ont^live, . tiaywari. 

To OVERLFVE. V. ii; To liwtbo Jong. 

OVERU'VER. /. [from oierlive.] Survi- 
vor ^ that which live» loi^ft.- j, ^isfvn. 

To OVERLOA/D. v. a. [ov^ ^ VW.] 
To burthen with too much. , . ^^fflHn^ 

CVERLONG. a, [over and Ut^l Too 
long. ^oyle. 

To OVERLO'OK. r- 41. £p«^,«^ Ml 
X. To view from a higher place.' „ PrySfH, 
a. To vie>y/ullyj to perufe^ iStiif/pftre, 
3* To fuperintend 3 tooverfee. Gratnt, 
4. To review. J^^^mmpm. 

• ^. To pafs by indulgently. Rogers, 

6. Toneglefti to flight. j^terhuty. 

0'VERI,dOkER./. [overinAiooM^-.jq^nc 

who lookt joyer his fellovts* . ' ^f^tt, 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 


tfr^J Tofubduef to govern. $bakefpeare, 
Tto0VEJlAfA'TCf?. Vp a. [ever ^ match,] 
** TA'^c toii^owcfftil 5 to conquer. Dryden, 
OVBKMA'TCB. /. [ovtrAn^matcb,\ One 

off^]^Tiom powers. Mihon» 

OVERMO'ST. a, [over aa4 w^/?.] Highcft j 

ovicf the reft, in authority. JSnfwonb, 

OVERMD'CH. a. [wtr ^n^ mucb.j Too 

n^itch j morjc than enough* I^ocke» 

OYtKMVCH. ad. In too great a degree. 

OVERMirCHNESS. /. [/rtxm ^w^m^c^.] 

Exuberance j fuperabuodance. 

^en, yobnfon, 

Oi^RNl'GKT, /. Night before bcdrtiipe. 


To OVERNA'ME, v. ii. [w«r and «tf««.] 

To name in a ferjcs. Sbah'peare, 

ToOVERCy^FICE. v,a. [ov/r Sind^office.} 

To lord by virtue of ao office, Sbakelpaare^ 
OVfROFFl'CIOUS. a. [wvr and *^io^«. J 

Too bufy ; too importunate. 
ToOVERPA'SS, o/.tf. [cw^rand^flA.] 

1. Tocrofs. ' Dryden, 

2. To over-lopk j to pafs with dlfregard, 


|. To omit in a reckoning. Ra/eigb, 

4. Tq^mit 5 Jiot to receive. Hooker; 

To^VERPA'y. V. a, [over ifidpay.] To 

teward beyond the price. Prior, 

To OVEJtPE'RCH. /. [<w<jr and /mi..] 

to fly oyer. Shflkejpeare, 

To OVEIfPE'ER. w. tf. [iwer and/^c<r.J To 

over look 5 to hover above. Sandys, 

, lyVl^PLUS./. (4>t«r and />/««.] Surplus 5 

what cpn^alos qaore xhan iUfficient. 
• * • • Hotter, 

To O'VERPLY. V. /», [ot^ and ptyA To 

^tmploy .to6 iabotioufly. MUton, 

Tfr OVERPCISE. V. tf . [pver and/<?//^.] To . 

botweigh. Brown, 

OVERPiyiSE. /. [frtm the t^rb.J Pre- 

p<ifliferant weight. Dry den, 

Tc^pVERPO'WER. V. fl. terpw^ahd /.ow- 

ftA To bp predomifi^nt o;irer^ to oppfefs 

6y Ibperiqrfty. J&oy/f. Whodivard, 

ToX>VERPRE'SS. V. ^. fpo/^^' and>r^/i.] 
"' !fo''bear'^upoij wiih irrefiftitle fdrcej to 
. overwhelynj tocruA. ' '' Rvfcovimon, 
TqOVE^PHi'ZE. !ff, a, [over ^6 pri^t,] 
' To value at too h-gh pric^c^ , .. fVotton. 
. pyp^Arm, a, \(W0r[m^ rank,] Too 

^falhk. ' " ' ' ^ortmcr, 

TdQV^R^^TE V. a. l^er apd rate,] 

"Tor^tctoomuch. Rogers,. 

. Td^OTERRE^ACH. «. /J.^w/r ^i)d retith.] 

U To rife above. Ra/eigb, 

i. To deceive ; to go bevtjnd. Titlotjon, . 
. ?i> OvifiyRE'ACH. v,n, A >orfc is U^ 

p y E 

to jfVtT'reacby when he hxw^ }m h;n4<f 
feet too far forwards, anHlftrike^VittfVf 
kgkinYt his fore fhocs, ' ' TiUrUt's piff, 

OV%RRE'ACHER. /. [ft(mt Qvif*n4(b,\ 
A cheat';-* deceiver. - * '^3' ' : 

ToOVERRE^AD. w. a. lover an<t^»«^T 
Topifofr. ' ^y^hakUiia^, 

To O'ViRROAST^ v. a. £p**^and ^ft,J 
'ToToail'toomtrch, '^hakejpiatg^ 

To OVERRULE, v. tf. [ivertnA^k] 
I. Tainfiilence with ptedwiHli^ht fkfwmrf 
to be fuperiour in authority. ' ^jdnev, 

%, T9 goTCjn with high aathor^V^^^'^ 
pcrintend, ^ AayigarJ, 

3. To fuperfedej as, ;n (aW» llo ^W'^ir 
a plea is to rejeft it as incompetent^ ' 

To OVERRy'N, r. 4, [«!»«' a^i^;,.) 
!• To harrafs by incurfom ; to rava^^ 

a. To ctJt-nin, Afr^, 

3. To overfprcad } to tover til oiver. 

4. To mifcbicf by grcaX Jiumherj : to ^ 
ter. ^ ^ AdJ^, 

5. To injure by treading dowQ. AidiLn„ 
To OVERRU'N. v, ». To overflow 5 to hf 

more than full. SHnkr, 

To OVERSE'E. v. «.. \ovfr and />/,] 

I. To ijiperintend j to «vetlook. ohinpr, 
tp To overlook; to pafs hy unheeded} t^ 
cm\U Hudibrast 

OVERSE'EN* f>art. [from ^rfie.l Mif. 
taken ; deceived. j- ^ dtf-ffukn, 

OVERSEER. /. [from 9w9fie.] ^ 
I. One who overlooks ^ a Aipcrin^en^Mt, 

%. An cfficer who hai cht icataiof tkt ^a» 
rochial proviflon for the poor. Grt^M* 

To OVERSET, v. a. [otwandj^.J 

1. To turn the bottom upilrd^i to throv 
pflrthcbaas. 4dd^H. 

2. To throw out of regularity, t>ryden» 
To O V^RSE'T. V, », To fall off the hafls. 

To OVERSHA/pE. v. a. {^vfr 2ad fifide,\ 

To covfr with dayjcnefs, Pryden, 

To OVERSHA'DQW. v* tf. [•vtr^t^fif^. 


t, "To thfow ;i fha^ow .ovwr anjf thing; -^ 
■ , • : Baeoftp 

%, To (heher ; to prote^, ' Miltonp 

To OVERSHO'OT. «;. ^. [&0p, ^Ajj^ot.} 

Toil;^ beyond the mark. Cc//«r# 

To OVERSHO'OT; v. 4. ' 

I. To (hoot beyond the markV TMrtfottp 

%. [With the reciprocal prpdoun.} T* 

venture too far } to afllVrt too 'mvjch. 

' ■'■ fniigiftfi, 

O'VERSICHT. /. [fmrnmyi^^/gbf.] ' 
I. Su'periflttfndence. • ' ■" %Xi»gs, 
a Miftake j error. Hpokfr, 

To OVERSl^ZfJ, -r. tf. [MWin3^#:3 
I, T^furpafsiabulk, ^Mnt^y*' 

Digitized by VjQOQ IC 


^ v<fe 

«w To pTtftcf over. SUhkef^are* 

Y<5 CfVERSR W.' V, a: {over ^&Jki/r.] 

J. To pali by leaping. Hooker, 

"jr."Td|>ais over, -Donne, 

t. Tocfcape. Sbakefpeare, 

To ftecp too long, 

ToOVEItSLI'P. V. tfl [ov^r Tini Jlip,} To 

: pais QAdone, 4innotitedy^ or untiled 5 to ne- 

t^gJtfft. Cotton, 

' TbOVtftSNO'W. V. tf/ fov^r and /wow] 

To cover with fnow. ' Dryden, 

'<SftK'SKyVD,part.\inmoverfel] Sold 

at tod high 4 price. Dry den, 

^-dVtHSO^ON. 4</. [«'»' and >».] Too 

ibofi. Sidi^ey. 

OVERSPENT, /tor/. • \ffOer jmd, -jjJ'ewii.] 

^Wearied ; harfaned. • Btyden* 

'Tb OVERSPREA'D. v. a. [(werzn^Jfread.} 

to cover over ; to fill j to fcatter over. 

?T6'6VERSTA'ND. -t/. ^. [w^r aAd/tf«i^.] 
) To Aand too much upoor conditions. 


"To OVERSTATE, v, a. [over and /are,] 

' Tb ftare wtldly. yifcham, 

TAOVERSTO'CK. V, a, [(Wifrand >4.] 

T^ "fill too full f to Moud. Snxrift, 

To OVfiRSTRAfN. t/.n, [over Ufd/rain,} 

'• Td rtiikfc tco violent tfforts. Co/Iier, 

To or ERSTRA'JW. V. a. To ftretch too 

far. -^J^fff* 

TfarOVERSWA'Y. v. tf; [over, and /^ay.] 

To over-fule j to bear down. ' Hooter, 

'ToOrERSWFLL. v. a, [o^ef ioiA ftveli,] 

To rife above. Fairfix, 

' O^VEkT, a. [puvert, Fr.] Open 5 - pub- 

' 'K(;k; ap|Jarcnt. King Charles, 

O'VERTLY. ad, [from the adjeaivc.] 


' Td OVE^TA'KE. v. a, [over and take.'\ 

t,' To catch any thing by puifuit j to come 

tip to fomethlAg goirtg before, 

. Booker, Sb^Ufpeare, 

1; To take-by furprize. Gal, 

Tb OVERTA'SK. v, a, [over and tafi,]' 

'-To burthen with too heavy duties or in- 

jun^ions. Harvey, 

To OVERTHRO'W. v, 4. [over itiid throw.] 

pttXtx, overtbrevj ; part, overthrown, 

J.* To tura upfide down. Baylor, 

£>' To throw' down ; to ruin ; to demoHfli. 

Dry den, 

3. To defeat ; to conquer 5 tp vanq'uifli. ' 

. Hooker, 

4r,'"T6 deflroy; to ibifchief$ to bring to 

nothing. Sidney, 

' OVERTHRO'W. /. [from the verb.] 

• 1, The Hate of be^ng turned upfidc 

1. Ruin; deAru^^ioD. Hooker, 

3, Defeat; difcomfituit* Haytutrd, 

• 4. PegradatioJi. 'Sbak0>eate, 

OVERTHR^(yWER. /. ' f/rom werfirct^.j 

' ffe* MT-ho-overt^trowS. 

'^GVERTHWA'RT.^. [over ^ni tkokxrf.] 

l.'Oppofitej being over afai Aft. ^Dryden, 

%i Croffing any. thing pei^ndiculirly. 

3^'Perverfej adverfej contradi€lrou6. 

eVpRT«WA'RTLy. ad, ffrom cWr- 

• thwart.] 

i.'Aorolj ; 'tninfv€Tiely, 

2. • Pervicaciouily ; -perverfely. 

OVERTHWA'RTBIBSS. /. -f from ww- 
thwart.] Pcrvicacity | pewerfenefs, 

OVERTOO'Ks fret, «nd/w/, f>aj/',^ over- 

To OVERTO'P. V. a, [over and top,] 
I.. To rife above 3 to rtifc tiic head- above. 
%,' To excel ; to furpafs. 
3.' To obfcurej tp make of lefs impor- 
tance by foperiour excellence. Bacon. 

To OVERT^PP. V. a, [over and trip.] To 
trip 6ver ; to walk lightly over. Shakefpeart* 

CVERTURE, / [ouverture, French.] 
I : ..Opening^ difdoforej difcevery. 


• 2,' Pro^fal 5 .fomcthing'OfFered to confidr- 
ration. Hay^vard, 

To OVERTU'RN. v, ai [over and Ntri:] 

1. To throw down; to topple down; to 
fubvert; to ruin. Jiowi, 

2, To over-power 5 to cenq«cr. i\dilio», 
Oy^VLTWKliZR,/, [(torn overturn,] S^b- 

verter. * Swift, 

To OVERTAiLUE. v, eh [over and value.] 
' To rate at too high a price. Hooker, 

To OYERVE'lL. v, a, [over and veil.] To 
cover, Skakejfeare, 

To OVERWA'TCH.ii. H, [overzrtAwatd>.] 
To fubdue with long want of reft* Dryden, 

OVERWEATC, a, [over and weak.] Joo 
weak $ too feeble. Raleigh, 

To OVERWEA'THER. v. a. [over and 
- weather,] To batter by rit^cnce of wea- 
ther. Shakefpeare, 
• To OV^RWEB'N. V, n. [over and wetn.] 
To think.too highly j to think with am>- 
.gance. Sbake^re, 

OVERWEtlflNCLy. ^d, [from over- 
ween.] With too much amogance^ i^ith 
too high an opinion* 
' To OVERWEI'GH. v,a. (ov^-and weigh.] 

' To preponderate. Hooker, 

OVtERWEI'CHT. /. [over and wnght,] 
' Preponderance. Bacon, 

To OVERWHE'LM. v, a, [over and 

1. To crufli underneath Something videat 
and weighty. Rogers, 

2; To overk)ok gloomily. Shakejpeare* 

OVERWHE'LMINGLY. ad. [from over' 
whelming,] In facha^ttannef as to ovef- 
Ifchrim, Dec^o/P^^ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


X. ^obured too mock* J)ryden* 

a. Worked all over. Po^e* 

toVERWO^RN. part, {over and ivom*"] 

a. Worn out j fubdued by toil. t>ryden, 

%, Spoiled by time. ^ ShakejiearB^ 

OVERnETA'RED. «. {over 9nd yar,} Too 

old. Faiff/t/e, 

Ought./. [»|>hit, Saxon.} Any thing; 

not potliing. MiJtoih 

Ought, wr^ mptrfe^, [preterite of 0W«.] 

X. pwed 5 was bound to pay j have been 

indebted. Spehtan, 

%, Tabc obliged by duty> Bacons 

J. To be fit 5 to be neceCTary. Locke* 

CVIFCRM. a, [o^um znd firma, Latin] 

Having the ihape of an egg. Burnet, 

Oviparous, a, [ovuimndpano, Lat.] 

. Bringing forth eggs 5 not viviparous. Rajf» 

OUNCE, f, [oncey Fr. uncia, Lat.] A name 

of weight of different value in different de- 

Bominations of ^\'eight. In troy weight, 

BA ounce is twentypenny-weights j a pen- 

ny-vveight, twenty-four grains. Bacon% 

OUNCE. /, [once, Fr. onza, Spaniih.] A 

lynx J a panther. miltofu 

WPHE./. lauf, TeutonickJ A fairy j a 

(H^THENT. / [from ouphe.J Elfi/K. Si^ahfp. 
QXJR* /»ro«. pojl [ujie, Saxon.] 
3, pertaining to us 3 belonging to us. ShaA* 
2, When the fubilantive goes before, it i« 
-written ours. Davieu 

OVR SELVES, reciprocal pronoan. 

I, We 5 not others. - Lockt* 

It, 0s } not others, la the oblique cafes. 

CtJKSE'LF 18 ufed In the regal ftile. Shaiefp, 
OUSE. /. Tanners bark. 
OtT'SEL. /. [ople^ Sazon.J A blackbird. 

Tq oust. v. a. [ou^er, French.] To va- 
cate I to take away. Bah, 

Out. ad, [ux, Saxon.] 

1. Not within. ^ Prior, 

%, It is generally oppofed to l«. Shakefp, 
^, In ailateof difclofure. Bacon^ 

4. Not ih confinement or concealment. 

^ «. From the place or houfe. Sbakefpeare, 
' %, ftorii the inner part, £»ekiel* 

. 7. Not at home. 

\ i, tui tiate of extin&ion. Shakefpeare. 
a. In a ftate of being exhaufted. Shakefp, 
JO.' Not in an affair. Shakefpeare, 

IX. To the end. Dry den. 

ra. Loudly; without reftraint. Pope. 

* »3. Not in the hands of the owner. Locke, 

14. In an errour. VEf range, 

15. At a lofs 5 in a puzzle. Bacon, 
19. Wth torn clothes. Dry den. 

Away ; at a lofs. Dry den, Taylor^ 

;J2. Away; s 
Vol. II. 


it. ttis'u£;4eaiph«tical]yb^ilcMP0^iUt« 

19. It it adSed emphatically to ▼eri>s of 
difcoveiy. ' ^ Numherim 

OUT. ittterifGU An expreOlon of tibhor* 
rcnce or expuliion ; as, out Mpaa thb half* 
fac*d fellowihip. Shah^p^axn 

OUT of, prep, 

I. From J noting prodace. Sptn^r^ 
%, Not in J noting exclaiisn m di6niAion» 


3. No longer in. Dryiht* 

4. Not in ; noting unfitnefs. Dry^en, 

5. Not within; relating to a houfe. 


6. From; noting ezrra£lion. Batpru 

7. From f noting copy. Stilling fiieet, 
i. From ; noting refcue. MUfon* 
9. Not in ; noting exorbitance or irregu« 
larity. Sv>i/t* 
zo. From one thing to foMething diflferent^ 

Decay of Piety. 

II. To a different ftate from ; noting dif- 
order. Burnet. 
IZ. Not according to. Pop4^ 

13. To a different ftate from i noting fe- 
pacatlofi. Hooker, 

14. Beyond. < Shakefpeare, 
25. Deviating from. Shakefpeare. 
J 6. Pail ; without ; noting /bmtthing worn 
out or exhaufled. JCoolles. 
17. By means of, . Shahefpeart. 
iS. In confequence of; noting the motive 
or reafon. Bacon* 
t9. Out of hand '^ immediately ; as that is 
cafily ufed which is ready in the hand. 

To OUT. «. a. To expel ; to deprive. 

Kjnff Charles. 
To OUTA'CT, V. a, {out and «S.J To dm 

beyond. Otivay, 

To OUTBA'LANCE. v. a, [out and ha^ 

lance,^ To over-weigh ; to preponderate. 


To OUTB AH. V, a. [out and har,\ To fhut 

out by fortification. . Spenfer. 

To OUTBlT>. V, a, [out and hid,]. To 

over- power by bidding a higher price Donne, 
OUTBI'DDER. /. [out and bid.} One that 

OUTBLO'WED. a. [out and hlow.l In- 
flated ; fwollen with wind. Dryden. 
OU'TBORN. a, [out and horn.} Foreign ; 

not nativcr 
OU'TBOUND. a, [out zn^ hounds} Defti- 

nated to a diftant voyage, Dryden. 

To OUTBRA'VE. v. a,^ [out and hrave.J 

To bear down and difgrace by more daring, 

infolent, or fplcndid appearance, Cqnvley. 
To OUTER A^ZEN, 1;. a. [out znAhraxen,} 

To bear down with impudence. 
OUTBREAK. /. [out and break,} That 

which breaks forth ; eruption. Shakefp. 
4 R . To 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


To OUTBRE A'THE. «. a. [out and hreatb,] 
I. To woary by having better breath. 

4. To expire, Upenjer* 

OUTCAST, part. 

1. Thrown into the air as refufe. Spenjtr, 

2. Baniflied^ expelled. Milton, 
OUTCA'ST, /. Exile 5 -one rejefted ; one 

expelled. ^ Pr'tbr, 

To OUTCRATT. t;. a. [out and craft,'] 

To excel in canning. .Sifakefpedre. 

OITTCRY. /. [out and cry.] 

1. Cry of vehemence ; cry of diftrefs 5 cla- 
moar, Denbani, 

». Clamour of deteftation, Soutb, 

OUTDA'RE. v. a. [out and dart."] To ven- 
ture beyond. S bake/pear e. 
To OjLTTDA'TE. v. a, [out tind date.} To 

lintiquate. Hammond, 

To OUTDO', V. a, [out and do,] To excel j 

to furpafs. Skakefpeare, Milton, 

To OUTDWE*L. v. a. [out and dwell,] 

To ftjy beyond. Sbakefpeare, 

OUSTER, a. [from out.] That which is 

without. Grew, 

OU'TERLY. ad, [ftf^m outer,] Towards 

the oiitfide. * Grew, 

OU'TERMOST. a, [fuperlative from cuter,] 

Remoteft from the midft. Boyle, 

To OUTFA'CE. «. a. [out zn^ face.] 

I. To i>ravej to bear down by Ihew of 

magnanimity. Wotton, 

s. Toftare.down, Raleigb, 

To 'OUTFA'Wl^..v. A, [out zrAfawn,] To 

excel in fawning. Hudlhrai, 

To OUTFLY'. 1/. a, [outzv^ifiy,] To leave 

behind in flight. Sbakefpeare, 

OUTFO'RM. /. [out and /cm.] External 

appearance. Ben, yobnfon. 

To uUTFROn^N. v, a, [out and frown,] 

To frown down. Sbakefpeare, 

^U'TGATE. /. [out and ,gate,] Outlet j 

paiTage outwirds, Spenfer, 

ToOUrOWE. V, a, [out zvi^ gUe.] To 

furpafs in giving. Dryden. 

To OU'TGO. V, a, prct. outwent $ part. 

outgone, [out and go,] 

Z. To furpafs 5 to excel, Carew, 

a. To go beyond j to leave behind in going. 


3. To circumvent; .to overreach. Dunham, 
To OUTGRO'W. V. a, [dut zn\grow,'] To 

furpafs in growth j to grew too great or too 

old for any thing. Swift, 

OU'TGUARD. /. [out and guard.] One 

ported at a diftance from the main body^ as 

a defence. Dryden. Blackmore, 

OUTJE'ST. T/. a, [m and jeji.] To over- 

powr by jeft'ng. Sbakefpeare, 

To OUTKNA'VE. v. a, [out and knan/e.] 

1 o furpafs in knavery. UEJlran^e, 

-CUTLA'NDISH. a, [out and land,] Not 

natiw; j foreign. Dcnne, 

To OtrTLA'ST, V. a, [out ahd /^.1 Tm 
furpafs ia duration. frailer* 

OU'TLAW. /. [utlaja, Saxon.] One ex- 
eluded from the benefit of the law. A 

' plunderer ; a robber ; a bandit, Davies, 

To OU'TLaW. V, a. To deprive of the be- 
nefits and proteftion of the law. Herbert, 

OU'TLAWRY. /. [from outlaw,] A de- 
cree by xyhich any man is cut off from the 
community, and deprived of the protec- 
tion of the law. Bacon* 

To OUTLEA'P. v. a. [out znAleap.] To 
pafs by leaping ; to ftart beyond. 

OUTLEA'P. /. [from the verb.] Sally; 
flight; efcapc. Locke, 

OUTLET. /. [out and let.] Faflage out- 
wards ; difcharge outwards. Ray, 

OU'TLINE. f. [out and line.] Contour 5 
line by which any figure is defined ; cxtrc-;- 
roity. Dryden, 

ToOUrUTE. V. a, [out and live.] To 
live beyond ; to furvive. Clarendon, 

OUTLI'VER. /. [oaf andZ/W.] Afurviver. 

To OUTLOO'K. nj, a, [out and look.] To 
face down ; to browbeat, Sbakefpeare, 

To OUTLU'STRE, v, a, [out and luflre.] 
To excel in brightnefs. Sbakefpeare, 

OU'TLYING. part, a, [cut and lie,] Not 
in the common courfe of order, Ten^lu 

To OUTMEA'SURE. v. a, [out and mea- 
fure,] To ekcecd in meafure. Brown, 

To OUTNU'MBER. v. a, [out and num- 
ber,] To exceed in number. . Addifot, 

ToOUTMA'RCH. v, a, [out sjii march,] 
To leave behind in the march. 


bU'TMOST. a, [out and jw^] Rcmoteft 
from the middle, Newton, 

OUTPA'RISH. /, [outzndparijh,] Pariih 
not lying within the Walls. ' 

OUTPA'RT,/. [out sind part,] PartremotB 
from the center or main body. A^dife,^ 

To OUTPA'CE. V, a, [out and /tfff.J T4> 
out-go- ; to leave behind. Chapman, 

ToOUTPOU'R, 'u, a, [out and/«»r.] To 
emit 5 to fend forth in a ftream* MiUon, 

To OUTPRI'ZE, V, a, [out and prize.] 
To €icceed in the value fet upon it. 


To OUTRAGE, v* a, [outrager^FtetiA,] 
To injure violently or contumelioufly j t« 
infult roughly and tumultuoufly. Atterbury* 

To OUTRAGE. V, n. To commit exo'rbi- 
tancies. Afcbanu 

OU' fRAGE. /. [outrage, French.^ O^cn 
violence ; tumultuous mifchief. 


OUTRA'GEOUS. a, [outrageux, French.] 

1. Violent ; furious; raging; exorbitant; 
tumultuous ; turbulent. Sian^S' 

2. Exceflive;. paffing reafon or decency. 


2* Enormous J atrocious, ^^*'^xt 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



OUTR A'GEOUSLY. ai, [from tutrageous,] 

Violently ; tuoiultuouny j funoufly. 

OUTRA'GEOUSNESS. y;. [from outragcr 

out, J With fury ; with violence. Dryden, 
To OUTREA'CH. v, a, [ o«r and rwfi*. ] 

To go beyond. proton. 

To OUTRrOE. V. <r. [m and r/Vr.] 'T9 

pafs by ridings Dryden* 

OUTRI'GHT, ad, [out slnd right,'] 

I. Immediately ) without delay, jirhuthn^* 

%, Coihpletely. " jiddifon» 

ToOUTROA'R. v./?. [o«^ and re<?r.] To 

exceed in.roaring. Sbake^eare, 

OUTRCDE. /. lout and rode,} Excarfion, ' 

1 Mac, 
ToOUTROO'T. v,a, [out znd root,] To 

extirpate ; to. eradicate. Rowf^, 

To OUTRU'N^ V, a, [out and run,} 

I. To leave behind in running. 


%, Tocrcecd. Addifon, 

To OUTSAl'L. V. fl. [out and /a//.] To 

leave behind in faiilng. Brwme, 

To OUTSCO'RN. v. a. [owf and/wrn,] To 

bear' down or confront by contempt. 

To OUTSET. V. <j. [w/ and/f//.J 

I. To exceed in the price for which a 

thing is fold, Temple^ 

1. To gain an higher price. Sbakefpedre, 
ToOUTSHl'NB. v. a. [out zndjhlne,] 

1. To emit laftre, Sbakefpeare, 

2. To excel in luftre* Denbam, 
To OUTSHOO'T. V. tf. [wr/ and /oof.] 

1. To exceed in ftoot^ng, ' Dryden, 

2. To fljoot beyond. Norris, 
OyTSrpE. /. (out znd/de,] 

I. Superficies 3 furfacc^ external part. 


». Extreme pjrtj part remote from the 

middle. ^acon, 

3* Superficial appiearance, Locke, 

■ 4« The utmoft. Mortimer, 

5. Perfon ; cxtiernal man. Bacon,' 

6. Outer fide ; part not indofe^. SpaSI, 
ToOUTSI'T. V. a, [out and >f.]'To fit 

beyond the time of any thing. South, 

To OUTSLEE'P. v. a, [out zndjkep.] To 

fleep beyond. ^bakifpenre. 

ToOUTSPEA'K. v, a, [out andjj)^*.] To 

fpeak fomething beyond. Hbakefpeare, 

To OUTSPO'RT. V. a, [out and fport.] To 

fport beyond. Hhakefpeatf, 

To OUTSPREA'D. v, a, [out ajid fpread,} 

To extend 5 to diflFufe. Pope, 

To OUTSTA'Wp* •». a. [out zndftand,] 

1. To fupport 5 to refift. froodtvard* 

2, To ftand beyond the proper time. 

ToOUTSTA'ND. v. «. To protuberate 

from the main body. 
Tp OVTSTA'RE. V.J. [cut^n^Jfarf.} To 

ftqe down J. to brow- beat j to outface with 

effrontery. Crajbaw^ 

OUTSTREE'T. /. [out and Jlrcet,] Street 

in the extremities of a town. 
To OUTSTRETCH, v, a, [out zndjfreub ] 

To extend ; ta fpread out. Sbakefptaru 
To OUTSTRI'P. V. a. To outgo j to Icbvc 

behind. Ben. Johnfun* 

To OU'TSWEETEN. v,a, [out and fwee^^ 

en,] To excel in fwectnefs. Skak^iipeare. 
To OUTSWEA'R. v. a, [out and Jwear.} 

To over-power by fwcaring. 
To OUT-TO'NGUE. v. a. [out and tongue J 

To bear down by noife. SbaktSpeare, 

To OUTTA'LK. v, a, [out and talk.] \o 

over-power by talk. Shakejpeare, 

To OUT-VA'LUE. v. a, [ out and ^alue. ] 

To tranfcend in wice^^ 


ToOUTVE'NOm. ^.a. [out znd tfenom.'] 

To exceed in poifon. Sbake/peare, 

To OUTVFE. V. a, [out and vie.} To ex- 

ceed 5 to furpafs. Addifon, 

To OUT-VFLLAIN. v. a. [out znd villain.} 

To exceed in villahy. Sbak^fpcare, 

To OUTVOVC^. V. «. [oi/f and voire.] To 

out- roar ; to exceed in cUmOur. Shakefp^ 
To OUTVO*rE. V. /r. [ottf and <>of<r.] To ' 

conquer by plunility of fuffrages. South, 
To OUTWA'tK. V, a. [out and walk,] Tq 

leave one in Walking. 
OUTWA'LL. /. [out and wajl.j 

I. Outward part of a building. 

«. Superficial appearance. Sbakejhiare^ 

OU'TWARD. a, [utpp^aji'^, Saxon.J 

Z. External ; oppofeo to inward. Shakefp» 

z, Extrinfick; adycmitious. Dryden, 

3. Foreign j not intei^ine. Baytvard, 

4. Tending to the out-4>?rts. Dryden^ 

5. [In theology.]' Carnal; corporeal} not 
fpiritual. Duppa, 

OU'TWARD. /. External form. Sbakefp, 
GiU'TWARD. ad, ' 

1. To foreign parts; ai^ a (hip outward 

2. To the outer parts. 
OU'TWARDLY. ad, [from outward,} 

X. Externally 3 oppofed to inwardly. 


1. In appearance ; not fin^erely. Spratt* 
OU'TWARDS, ad. Towards the out-partt. 

To OUTWE'AR. v. a, [out and wear,] To 

pafi tedioufly. Pope, 

Jo OUTWEE'D. V, a, [putznd weed.] To 

extirpate as a wee^. , Spenje ; 

ToOUTWEI'GH. tf,a, [ o«/ artd w«V/». ] 

1, To exceed in gravity. fVukim, 

2. To preponderate ; to excel in value or 
influence. Dryden** 

ToOUTWE'LL, v, a* [o^r and wf//.] To 
pour our. Spenfer, 

To OUTWI'T. V. a, [ out and wit. } To 

cheat ; to o*€rc<5me by firatagtm. VEJlr. 

4 R » OUT- 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


O Z S 

CU'lTWORK. /. [oat and werkJ} The ptrts t 

of a fortification next the enemy. Bacsn^ 
OUTWCyHN. part, [from wiwfirfr.] Con- 

fbmed or deftroyed by ufe« Milton, 

ToOUTWRE'ST. v. 41. [iwr and wr(^. ] 

To extort by violence. Spenfer, 

OUTWROU'GHT./tfr/. [oa/andwroj(j-6^J 

Oatp-done 3 exceeded in efficacy. 

Ben* yobftfofit 
To OUTWCRTH. V, tf, [«tf >nd wortfr.] 

To excel in value. Sbakejpearc^ 

To OWE. «. a. [eg, aa, Iflandick.J 

!• To^be obliged to pay j. to be indebted. 


%* To be obliged to afmoe { to be obliged 

ibr, Milton, 

3. To have from aoy thing as th6 coafe^ 
quence of a caufe. ' Pope, 

4. To poileis ; to be. the right oviner of. 

'^ Sbakefpeare, 

5. Conf^fiuentkl. Atterbury, 
i. Due'asadebt. Locke* 
7. Imputable to^ a* an agent. Locke, 

CWL. 7/. [ule, Saxon.] A bird that 
CWLBT. 5 .IJics about in the night and 

catches mice. ! Po/tf# 

O'WLER./. OnewJiQ carries contraband 

goods. ^viift, 

OWN. /. \vffiny Saxon.J 

2. Tnis IS a word of no other ufe than as 
it is added to t^he pofTeflive pronouns, myj 
thy, his, our, your, their. J>ryden, 
9. It is added generally by way of emphafis 
or corroboration. Drydw* 

3. Sometimes it is added to note oppefition 
or contradiftinftion ; domeftick 5 not fo- 
reign j imj^e, his, or yours \ not another^s. 

To OWN. «. <r. [from the noun.] 

I. "To acknowledge j to avow for one*8 

own. Drydfin, 

9* To pofTcfs J to claim j to hold by right. 


3. To avow. V Dryden. 

4. To confefs 5 not to deny, Ttllotfin, 
,0'WNERSHIP./. [from<w«fr.] Property 5 

jrightful poiTefliofl. Ayl'0€, 

O'yi^NER. /. [from •«;«.] One t» wliaif 

any thing belongs^ SBakefptMre^ 

OWRE. /. [urus jubatuSftifMi.'i A bcaft, 

OX. /. plur. Ox IN. [oxa« Sax. am, Dan.] 

i. The general name far black cattle. 

a. A caftrated bull. Graunt% 

OXBA'NE. /. A plant. jSnfwortbn 

O'XEYE. /. [buptbalmus, Lat.] A plant. 


OOCGANG 0/ Land. /. Twenty acres. 


OXHE'AL./. A plant. jiinjwrtb, 

OOCFLY. /. [ox and^.] A fly pf » parti- 
cular kind. 

OXLrp. /. The fame with amtfiip^ a vtnal 
flower. Sbakefpeare, 

OXSTA'LL. /. [ox and/tf//.J A ftand for 

O'XTONGUE./. A plant. ^mfworth, 

O'XICRATE./ [eJ»xf«7of.} A mixture of 
water and vinegar. H^tfemoK* 

OOCYMEL. /. [o{v/4|Xi.] A mixture of 
vinegar and honey. , jfrbutbnoti 

OXVMO'RON. / [•£*^u«^0 A rhetorical 
figure, in which an epithet of a quite con- 
trary fignification is added to any word. 

OXY'RRHODINE. /. [o^ufh^ivw.] A mix- 
ture of two parts of oil of rofcs with one 
of vinegar of rofes. Flcyer, 

O'YER.'/. [(»y^, old French.] A court of 
oyer and terminer, is a judicature ^herc 
caufes are heard and determined. 

OYE'S. /. [oyex, hear he, French.] Istbe 
jntrodii^iion to any joroclamation or. ad*. 
vertifement given by the publick cr^« 
It is thipce repeated. * 

OUSTER. /. [oefter^ Dutch j huifre,fr.] 
A bivalve teftaceous fifh. Sbakefpean, 

O'ySTERWENCH. 7/. [^flertinitoencb, 

O^YSTER WOMAN. J or woman.ji A wo* 
man whofe bufinefs 4s to fell oyilers. 


OZiE'NA. /. r(?^4iwij An ulcer in the in- 
iide of the no&rils that gives an ill flencb. 


P P A B 

P til labial confbnant, formed by a flight PA'BULAR. a, [pabulum, La^In.] Afford- 
compreflioA of tbe anterior part of the ing aliment or provender. 
lips 5 ta, pull, pelt. It is confounded P A BITL ACTION./. [ pabulum, tztip.'] Tbe 
by the Germans and Welfh with ^* a^ of feeding or procuring provender. 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 



PA^UtaUS. tf, IfuiMum, latin. 1 AU^ 
mental} afFordbg aliment* irown» 

fACE*/. [*«, French.] 
S. Step } hngic pioveinent in waljcing* 

9. Gait; manner of walkf Sidney, 

3. Degree of celerity. Bhaiej^are* 

4. Step ; gradation of bufinefs. Tai^U, 

5. A meafure qf five ,fect. Holder, 

6. A particular movement which hurfe» 
are taught, though feme have it naturally* 
made by lifting the less on the fame fide 
t««ether 5 amble. ' Hudihfit, 

To PACE. V. j», [from the »oun.] 
J* To move pn lk>wly, Sfenfer, 

8. To- move* ibakeffeare^ 

J. [ufcd of horfei .] To move by raifing 
the legs on the ladic fide together. 

ToPACE. - 

I« To meafure by ileps* Sbak^eare, 

1. To direct to go. Sbakffpeare, 

PA'CED. a, [from face,} Having a particu- 
lar gait. Dryden. 

PACER. /, [from p^ce,] He that paces. 

PACIFICA'TION./. [facifcation,ft^ch.} 
I, The a£t of making peace. / Sifitb. 
Z» The a£t of ^pealing or padding* 


PACIFICA'TOR./. I f>4cificgteur,r jcnchi 
itompadjy^l Peace-maker. . Bacon,, 

PA'CIFICATORY. a, [ from pacificator, J 
Tending to n^ake peace. 

PACPFICK. a, [pactfifuf, Fr. pacifiau^ 
Latin.] Peace-making j mild 5 gentle j 
appcafing. Hammond, 

PA'CIFIER, /, £ firom ^cify, ] One who 

To PA'CIFY. V, a. [pacifier, Fr. pac'fio, 
Latin.] To appeafc j to 0iU refimiment j 
to^uiet an angry perfon. Bacon, 

PACK. r. [/flr*, Dutch.] 
|. A large bundle of any thing tied up for 
carriage, ' Cleafnland, 

a. A burd^ ; a load* JJ£ftrangi, 

I* A due number of cards. - Addifon* 
4* A number of hounds hunting together. 
5» A numbe? of people confederated in ^ny 

. bad defign or pra&ice. Clarendon, 

^* Any great number, as to quantity ajid 

To Pack, i?, ^. Ipaden, Dutch, ] 
I. To bind up for carriage. Otivay, 

!U To fend in a hurry. Sbakejpeare, 

3. To fort the cards fo as that the game 
wall be iniquitouHy fecured. Sbakefpeare. 
4* To unite picked peribns in tome bad de- 
fign. Hudihras, 

To PACK. v.jj. 
I. To tie up goods. Cleave/and, 

». To go oiF in a hurry j to remove in 
Me, Tuffr, 

5* To concert bad meafurct^ to confi^der 

rate in ill* Parev^ 

PA'CKCLOATH. /. [pack and t/Mtb.} A 

doath ij^ which goods are tied up. 
FA'CKER. /. [from pack,} One who hindt 

up bales ^ar carriage. 
PA'CKET./. [pae^uef, French,] A fmall 

pack: a mail of .letters. ' Denbawu 

ToPA'CI^ET. nf,a, [from the nop.] To 

.bind up in parcels. Stvift* 

PA^CKHORSE. /. [Aarc* tod borfe.} A 

horfe of burden j a horfe employed in car- 
rying goods. Lochia 
PA'CKSADDLE. /. [pad Md faddle,} A 

faddle on which burdens are laid. Howe!, 
PA^CKTHREAD. /. [p4ck and tbread, J 

StJ^ong threap ufe4 in tying up parcels. 

PA'CKWAX. /. Tbe aponeuroies on the 

fides of the neck. |?<5r. 

PACT. /. [pdff, Fr. pa^m, Latin. ] A 

contra^(6 ; ^.baj^in ; 9 covenant. Bac9n% 
P AUCTION, /. lpa0ion,¥r,paaio,UiUn,l 

A bargain ; a cov^ant. Hayward, 

PACTI'TIOVS. /. i^^, UU] Scttlfd 

PAD. /. [from paato, Saxon.] 

I. The roadj a foot path* Fnerm 

%, An eafy paced horfe. Z>ryd£n^ 

3. A robber that infefts the roads on ioot* 

4. A low foft iad41e. Hudibiras^ 
To PAD. V, «• [from the noun.J 

1, To travel gently. 

%, To rob on foot. 

3. To beat a way fmooth and level* 
PA'DAR.y; .Grouts 5 coarfe iionr. 

PA'DDER, /, [fromj>fl^.] A robber 5 * 

foot higliwayman. Dryden* 

ToPA'DDLE. v,n, [patomUer^Vt,} 

I . To row } ' to beat water as with oars. 


a. To play in the ^;iter. Collier^ 

3-. To finger. Sbake^eare* 

PA'DDLE. /. [pattah WeUh J 

I. An oar, particularly that which ia uied 

by a fingle rower in a boat. 

2| Any thing broad like the end of an bar. 


PA'DOLER. /. [ fiom paddle, ] One who 

paddles. Ainfwartb, 

PA'DDOGK./. [^'^\^%9xonipadde, Dut.] 

•A great frog or toad. l>ryden, 

PA'DDOCK. /. [corrupted from parrack,\ 

A fmall inclofure for deer. 
PADELI'ON. /. [pas de lion, Fr. pes leonit, 

Latin.] An herb. Ainfwortb* 

PA'DLOCK./. [padde, Dutch.] A lock 

huDg on a ftaple to hold on a link. 

. Prior, 
To PA'DLOCK. V. tf. [from the noun. ] 

Xo I'afien with a padlock, jirbutbnot, 



by Google 

P A I 


FAfDOWPIPE. /. An herb. Ainftomh. 
Pi£'AN. /. A fong of triumph. P«;m. 
PA'GAN. /. [ ptsanifc, Saxon ; paganus, 

Lat.] A Heathen ; one not a ChriStan. 
PA'GAK. 0, Heatheni/h. Sbakejpeare. 

PA'GANISM. /. [fagamfme,Tr, ftompa^ 

gan.l Heatheoilm. Hooker, 

PAGE. /. [page^ French.] 

1. One fide of the leaf of » book. 


2. [page^ Fr.] A young boy attending on 
a great perfon. Donne, 

To PAGE. V. a, [from the noun.] 
j^ To mark the pages of a book. 
2. To attend as a page» . Sbalefpeare* 


1. A ftatue in a fhow. 

2. Any fhow \ a fpedacle of entertain- 
ment. Sbakejpeare, 

PA'GEANT. a» Showy; pompous 5 often- 

tatious. Dryden, 

To PA'GEANT. v. «. [from the noun. ] 

To exhibit in fhows j to reprefent. 

VA'O^AHTRY.f. [fratn pageant.} Pomp; 

ihow, Goivernmem of the Tongue, 

PA'GINAU/. [/tff/iw, Latin.] Confift- 

ing of pages. Brown, 

PA'GOD. /. [probably an Indian word.] 

X. An Indian idol. StiUingJleet, 

2. The temple of the idol. Fope, 

PAID, a. The preterite and participle palHve 

of pay. Dryden. 

PAI'CLES. /. Flowetrj alfo called cowHips. 


. PAIL. /. [paihy Spanifli.] A wooden vef- 

fel in which milk or water is commonly 

carried. Dryden, 

PAILFUL./, [pailznafull.l The quan* 

tity that a pail will hold. Sbakefpeare. 

PAILMA'IL. a. Violent 5 boiftcrous. 

PAIN. /. [peine, French.] 

1. Puniihmept denounced. Sidney, 

2. Penalty; puniihment. Bacon. 

3. Senfation of uneafinefs. Bacon. 

4. [In the plural.] Labour ; work ; toil. 


5. Labour; taflc. Spenfer, 

6. Uneafinefs of mind. Prior, 
' 7. The throws of, child birth. ' i Sam, 

To PAIN. V. a. [from the noun.] 
' I. To affli^; to torment; to make un* 
eafy. Jeremiah, 

2. [ With the reciprocal pronoun. ] To 
labour. Spenfer, 

PAINFUL, a, [pain and/«//.] 
• I. Full of pain j miferable ; befet with , 

affli^ion. Milton. 

%. Giving pain ; affliftive. Jiddijon, 

3. Difficult ; requiring labour. 


4. Indufh-ious; laborious. D^dem, 

PAINFULLY, ad. [from painfil.J 
X. With great pain or aiHidUoii* 
2. Laborioudy; diligently. RateigB* 

PA'INFULNESS. /. [Uom fainful] 
X. Affliction; forrow; grief. South,. 

2. Indtiftry ; laborioufnefs. Booker, 

PAI'NIM. /, [payen, French.] Pagan j in- 
fidel. Peachawk 

PAfNIM. a. Pagan ; infidel. Milton, 

PAI'NLESS. a. [ from pain, ] Without 
, pain ; without trouble. Dryden* 

PAINSTAICER. /. [paint zn^ take.} La- 
bourer ; laborious perfon. Gay» 

PAINSTA'KING. a. [paint and taki.} La- 
borious; induftrious. 

To PAINT. V. a, [peindre, French.] 
X. To reprefent by delineation and colours. 

2. To cover with colours reprefentative of 
fomething. Shakefpeare, 

3. To reprefent by colours^ appearances, 
or images. Locke. 

4. To defcribe ; to reprefent. Shakefpeart, 

5. To colour ; to divcrfify. ' Spenfer, 

6. To deck with artificial colours. 

To PAINT. V. «. To lay colours on the 
face. Pofu 

PAINT. /. [from the verb.] 

1. Colours reprefentative of any thing. 


2. Colours lai<i on the face. Aidn, 
PAI'NTER. /. [from paint. ] One who 

profeiTes the art of reprcfenting objcfti 
by colours. Dryku 

PAl'NTING./. [fxwn paint.l 

1. The art of reprcfenting objefts by de- 
lineation and colours. Drydeit* 

2. Picture ; the painted refcmblancc. 


%.' Colours laid on. SLakejpeare. 

PAI'NTURE. /. [peinture, French,] The 

art of painting. * Dtyth* 

PAIR. /. [pjire, Fr. par, Lat.] 

X. Two things fuiting one another, as a 

pair of gloves. 

,2, A man and wife'. Mf//w« 

3. Two of a fort J a couple; a brace. 

To PAIR. V. n. [from the noun.] 

1. To be joined in pairs ; to couple. Sb^K 

2. Tofuit; to fit as a counterpart. Sbaktf. 
To PAIR. V. a. 

I. To join in couples. Dryk** 

■ 2. To unite as cowefpondent or oppofite. 


PAXACE. /. [palaity Fr.] A royal houfrj 
an houfc eminently fplendid, Sba^efpt^^^ 

PALA'CIOUS. a. [itom palace. 1 Royal; 
noble; magnificent. Graunt. 

P ALA'NQUIN. f. Is a kind of covered car- 
riage, ofed in the eaftern countries, that is 
ibppoited QD the ihou^s of flaves. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

J» AL 


>A1.ATABLE. a. Ihom folate,} Gaftfiil| 
pleafing to the tafte. Pb'tl'^U 

PA'LATE. /. \j>alatpm, Lat J 

1. The iDftrument of tafte, Hakenoill, 

2. Mental ttMi'^ intelle^al tafte. 

PA'LATICK. tf. ffrom palate,"] Belonging 
to the palate, or roof of the mouth. 


PA'LATINE^/ [falatinyft, from palati- 

nus ofpalatium, Lat.] One invefted with 

regal rights and prerogatives* Davies, 

PA'LATINE. a, Poffeffing royal privileges. 

PALE. a. [pale, Fr. pailidus, Lat.] 

1. Not ruddy ; not freih of colour ; wan j 
white of ]ook« Sbakefpeare, 

2. Not high colouricd \ approaching to 
*anfparency. Arbutbnotm 

3. Not bright 3 not ihining | faint of luftrej 
dim. Sbakejpeare, 

ToPALE. t/. tf. [from the adjcftive. J To 
make pale. Prior. 

PALE./. Ipaltts, Latin.] 

I. Narrow piece of wood joined above and 
below to a rail, to inclofe grounds. 

S. Any inclofure. Hooker. Milton, 

3. Any diftri^ or territory. Clarendon, 

4. The pale la the third and middle part 
of the fcutcheon. Peacbam, 

To PALE. V. a, [from the noun.] 

1. To Inclore with pales. Mortimer, 

2. To inclofe; to encompais. Sbakejteare, 
PA'LEEYED. a. [pale and eye,] Having 

eyes dimmed. Pope, 

PALEFA'CED. a. [pale and face,] Hav- 
ing the face wan. Sbakefpeare, 
PA'LELY. ad. [from pale,] Wanly j not 

frefhly 5 not roddily. 
PA'LENESS./. [from/itf/r.] 

1. Waonefsj want of colour j want of 
frefhnefs. Pope, 

2. Want of colour 5 wantofluftre> 

PA'LENDAR./. AkindofcoaftingvcffcU 

PA^LEOUS. /. [palea, Litin.] Huiky j 

chaffy. Brown, 

PA'LETTE. /. [palette, French.] A light 

board on which a painter holds his colours 

when he paints. Tickell, 

PA'LFREY. / [palefroy, Fx,] A fmaU 

horfe fit for ladies. Dryden, 

PA'LFREYEP. a, ffrom palfrey,] Riding 

on a pal fry. Tickell* 

PALIFJCA'TION.J: [patut, Latin.] The 

a£l or praAice of making ground firm with 

piles. H^otton, 

PA'LINDROME. /. r^ra'Aiv and Vi«*^«-] 

A word or fentence which is the fame read 

backward or forwards : as, madam j or this 

Xsntence. SjtU dum a rudibuu 

PA'LmODE. \ f. [itaXmMa,] A Mn- 

S tat 

PA'LtNODY. 5 tttlott. " Sandys, 

PAUSA'DE. 7 /. [palifade, Fr.] Pales fet 
PALISA'DO.5 by way of inclofure or de. 

fence. Broome* 

To PALISADE, v, a, [from the noun.] 

To indofe with palifadet. 
PA'LISH. a, [fromfii^.J Soqiewhat pale, 
PALL./, [pallittm, Latin.] 

I. A cloak or mantle of ftate. Milton, 
' 2. The mantle of an archbiftop* Ayliffe, 

3. The covering thrown over the dead. 

To PALL* V. n, [from the noun*] To 

cloak; to inveA. Sbakejpoare, 

To PALL. V, n* To grow vapid $ to be* 

come infipid. jiddifin. 

To PALL. V, tf« 

1. To make infipid or vapid. Atterbitry* 

2. To impair fpritelineis j to difpirit. 


3. To weaken; to impair. Sbakejpeare, 

4. To cloy. TatUr* 
PA'LLET. f, [from paWe, Fr. ftrtw.] 

1. A Imall bed ; a mean bed. H^oiton, 

2. [palette, French.] A fmall meafure, 
formerly ufed by chirurgeons. Hakewill, 

PALLMA'LL, f, [pila and malleus, Latin ; 
pale maille, French.] A play in which the 
ball is ftruck with a mallet through an 
iron ring. 

PA'LLIAMENT./ [fallium^Ut,] A drefsj 
a robe. Sbakefpeare, 

V A'LLIAKDISE, f. [paillardife, Fr.] For- 
nication; whoring. Obfolete. 

To PA'LLIATE. v, a. [paUio, Lat.] 
I. To cover with excufe. Swift, 

a. To extenuate ; to (often by favourable 
reprefentations. Dryden* 

3. To cure imperfcAly or temporarily, not 

PALLIA'TION. /. [pantation, Fr.] 

I. Extenuation ; alleviation ; favourable 
reprefentation. King Cbarlet, 

%, Imperfect or temporary, not radical 
cure. ' . Bacon, 

PA'LLIATIVE. et, [paWuitif Fr. Uompai- 
Hate,] * 

1. Extenuating; favourably reprefentative. 
S. Mitigating, not removing; not radi- 
cally curative. Arbutbnot, 

PA'LLIATIVE. / [from palliate,] Some- 
thing mitigating. Swift. 

PA'LLID. a. [pallidMs, Utin.] Pale ; not 
high-coloured. Spenfer, 

PALM./, [palma, Lat.] 

1* A tree; of which the branches were 
worn in token of vi£lory. There are twen- 
ty one fpecies of this tree, of which the 
jnoft remarkable are, the greater ^tf/m or 
^te tree. The dwarf /^/w grows in Spain, 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

¥ At 


f^Ktttgal, inA Italy, fr^m WKcnci tli< 
leares are fent bither an^ made into ilag- 

2. ViStorfi tnuitopb. Dryden* 

3. (paima, Lat.] The infier part of the 
jbtnd. * Bacottm 

4. A meafure of leii{th> comprifm^ three 
inches. Denba»r» 

I^PALM. v«4f. [from the^ nottn.] 

lU To conceal in the palm of the hand^ 
ste jugglers. Prior » 

• s. To impofe by ihra<i. Dryden^ 

3. To handle. Priwr. 

4. To ftroak with the hand, AinJvtortK 
^A'LMER. /. [from faRn,'] A pilgrim : 

they who returned from the Holy Land 
, carried palm. Pope. 

PA'LWER. /. A crown encircling a deer*5 

FA'LlrtRWORM. /. t palmer 9^^ worpi,] 

A worm covered with hair^ fuppofed to 

• he fo cMl^ because he wajiders over all 

• plants. Bcvfe* 
PALMETTO. /. A fpecies of the patm- 

tree : in the Weit*Indiea the inhatntants 
thatch thctr houfes with the leaves. Tb^mf, 

PALMl'FEROirS. a. [palma an* firo, 
Lat.] Bearing palms, ' f)/5. 

PA'LMIPEDE. a, [palma indpet, hatin^] 
Wcbfooted. Bro^n, 

PA'LMISTER./. [from /»tffetf, Lat. J One 
who deals in palmiftry. 

PAl-MISTRY. /. Ipahia, Latin.] The 
cheat of foretelling fortune by the lines of 
the palip. Cleaveland, 

PA'LMY. a. [frum patpt,"] Bearing palms. 


PALPABrLITV./. [itom palpable.1 (^^. 
lity of being per^iveahle to the touch. 


PAaPABLE. /. {palpable, Frj 

I . Perceptib Je hy . the touch* Mi/ton, 

ft.'Grofsj coarfe; eafily dcte£ted. Ti/Zef/", 
3. Plain} eafily perceptible. \ ..Uooktr, 

PA'LBABLENESS. /. [9ussn palfabli.] 
Quality of being p%able \ pUmnefs | 

• groffnefs. 

PALPABLY, ad. [from paIpfihU,\ ^ • 

I. In fuch a manner as to be perceived by 

the touch. 

a. Grofsly; plainly. , Bacon. 

PALPA'TION. /. [palpatio, palpor, Lat.] 

, The i»a of feeling. 
To PA'LPITATE. v, a, \palptto, Latin.] 

To beatas the heart ; to flutter. 
PALPITA'TION. /. [palpitation^ French.] 

Beating or panting ; that alteration in the 

pulfe cdf the hearty which makes it felt, 

PA'LSGRAVE. /. {palt/graf, German.] 

A coun^ or earl who has the overfeeing of 

a palace* 

tA'LSldAt. a. ffrom^'^.i !^4iM 
witlrapalfyj paralytrck. - : » \ . 

'PA'LSIED. a. Iftompaljy^l tJiieaiei with 
a paUy. ^^<^^,tfBie^ 

PA'LSY. / Iparalyfi, tat.] A p^vation 
of motion or fenfe of feelii^;, 01; .both« 
There is a threefold divifioft of ajitf^-i 
the Urtt is a privation of xnotioAy femation 
remaining. Secondly^ a privatioo of ibn* 
fatien^ mo^n remauiin{r. And li^y^iii 
privation of both together. ^iticy. 

To PA'LTER, V, n, Iftompaltron, ^kiimer.} 

' To/hift) to dodge. Sbake^puuru 

To PA'LTER. w. a. Tb f^uaader ; a^ he 
^dSr«r5 his fortune. 

PA'LTERER. /. [from piUet.l An lUk- 
iincere dealer ; a Oiifter, 

PAO-TRINESS./. [fromiW/ry.] ThefcttC 
of being paltry. 

PA'LTRY. ja. tpohron, French.] . Sorrp^ 
worthleis^ aeipicaUej contemptible { 
mean. AdMfoih 

PA' rfrom^2rJ Pale. Bkak^tL 

PANf. /• [jprobably from ptthn, vi&u-y.j 
The knave of dubs. Pope* 

To PA'MPER.v. *. rptf«^«rtf, Italians] 
To glut \ to fill withfoodj to {agtnate. 
. SpeigfT. 

PA'MPHLET./. Ipar un filet, Fr,] AibiaU 
book, probably a book fold unbound, ^r. 

To PA'MPHLET. v. ». [froni the noijn.] 
To write imall book& ' }ifwl» 

PAMPHLETEE'R./. litompatnpUh,\ ^ 
fcrihbler of fmall books. Swift, 

To PAN. V. a. An old word. ^eoociAg to 
dofe or join together. 

PAN./, [ponna^ Saxon.] . 

I. . A veffcl broad and ihallow. Spen[ert 
a. The^ part of the lock of th^ gun that 
holds the powder. ^ Boyle, 

3. Any ttiiog hollow : as, thebni|i/^ih 

VAN ACE' A, J, Ifanacee^ Fr. wWmw.] 
An univeriaf medicxne. 

PANA^CEA./, Ah herb. 

PA'NCAKE. /. [pan and cake,] TW» 
pudding baked in the frying-pan. / ,,Ab0f* 

PANA'DO./. [frompamis, Lat. bread.] Fofd 
, made by boiling bread in w^ter. Jfyepm. 

PANCRA'TICAL. a. [»av and «##*•] 
Excelling in all the gymnaiUck qp^ici^ 

PA'NCRBAS./. [««v and JtfMf.] Th?)?tf«- 
creas or fweet-brea'd, is a glaod of the 
conglomerate fOrt, fituated between the 
bottom of the ftomach and the vertebrae of 
the loins. It weighs commonly: four or 
five ounces. 

PANCREA^TICK* 4f. [from p^ncrm^] 
Contained in tbe pancreas. fi'y* 

PA'NC7.7 /. [from panacea,] AftoW"> 

PA'NSY. 5 a kind of violet. - V*'' 

P A'NDECT. /. [pandeSa, LaU'n.] A tr«- 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



ffkncc. SfUtiff, 

^AND£'MICK. #. [m; aad ft^Mc} Ifl- 

• cident to a whole people. Harvey, 
1>A'NDC|1. / f fram Fatdsrns^ the; pij^ *n 

the iUry ol 2>«/>^ and &-i^Ei£c.} A pimfit ; 

a male bzwi ^ a procurer. K>rpitn^ 

To PA^NDER.>. ii, ffroin Uie. nawi^J Tlo 

pimp^ to be fubicrviaat to Ju^ or pai]|pn. 
. StMeftnarc 
^A'HD^^pY. a. [inxmpa»d».] Pitnptng $ 

piinplike, SM^fprni-e, 

J^ANDlCUJLA'TKMf./. ^lu^tttkm, l^t.} 

Tbe neftUiiaafi, ftrftcbtng» add luiMfiQcfs 

that ufuaHy accompany ^e cold fits of an 

■ iiiteri](iitrrog fever. ft(lfCr» 

P^NB.jf. [ftf»«fl«, Fr.] 

^ A fquare of glafs. Pa^. 

2. A piece mixtd la variegated workt n^ti 

, other pieces. Gtnnt, 

.^AKEGY'RICK. /. [j^ofi^yri^m, Fr^ «r«. 

>yv^.] An«lof7j 4a encomtaftkck piece. 

i>ANEGY'RIST. f {hom ^neprkkf fa- 

. rugynfie^ Fr.] Oae ib*k wiiU9 pvai^j 
encomiaft. (i4Hrf4/aii. 

PA'NEL- /. [/Mteeira, Fjt.). 
t. A fquare, or piece of any matter inferted 
between other bodiet^ MdMJon, 

2. A fchedule or tqA, cMtaiAiag the o^mea 
.«f iiicik jurors^ aj ihf ^rigr pfavidea<9 
pa6 upon a trial. Cmvd, 

PANG./ [^^^X)«it€bytiAeary.J fixcceme 
pain ; fuddeo paroxyiai ^ tfpment. 

To PAMG, V. a, \it9ffk tl|c jMini*] To 
tonaent cruelly. SSaJ^tarfi* 

PA'NICK. ^. Violent ¥ntk«ut caufe. 


PA^NNADE./. Tlift««r«ftof»J»orfe. 

P^NH£L.y: [>wMa4 DulcK.} A kind of 
f ttfttck iaddie. HuA^r^u 

• ^A'SNEUf, Theftomachofahawk, 

, jUiifwQrth* 

PA'KKiCK. \ -^ Afklant. Feacbam, 

-PiU^Nl'fiR« /. [^li!/', FffOfih*] Afci^^; 

a wicker veflei, in which fruit> «r other 

things, are carried on a horie. Addifon, 

PANO^rLY. /. [mmutAmi.] Cofloplcte ar- 
mour, Milton, 

To f ANT. V, «. [pantiUr, old French. J 
I. T« palpitate ^ to beat at the ^earc In 
^dea terror, or after hud labour. 

1. To have the bceaft heaving, at for 
want ioi breath . Dryden, 

3. Toplty with intermliTion. Fopt, 

4. To long } to wxih earArftiy« Fope, 
PANT. /. [from the verb.] FaJpUation j 

siotion of the heart* SJbak^ptare, 


.M^OT.AJ-Oaif.y: [pai^c^ FrJ A«in*t 
. Rjirmcnt ancicpUy worn. SbakefptafU 

.PA^NTESS. /. The dilficulty of breathing 

in a hawk. Ainpimr$k. 

PANTHE'.0^^/. [7r«»&ii»,] Ateropk^ 

all the gods. 
PA^NTHER. e. fwa^a^; fantbera, Lat.J 

A fpo^ed wild bcail{ a lynx j a p^rd. 

PA'NTILE./. A gutter tile. 
PA^NTINGLY. a^. [fram/fl«//«^.] Wkh 
palpitation. ^bakt^airt, 

PA'NTLER.)!; [paneikr^ French.] The 
, oftccf in a great itoiiy, who keeps ,ihe 

PA'NTOFLE./ [pantoufle, French.) A 
/Itppei^. Peacham, 

PA'NTOMIME. /. fw:c aad A*V>5 j ^^- 
t^wre, Ft.) 

». One who has the power of wmvet^ 
i^^ickry^ onje who cxprcifts hit meaning 
^y mute aaion. Hudihras. 

z. A fceoe.: a tak exhibited oi«ly m geftu|e 
and d«mb-ihew. Arbuthn^u 

PA'NTON. /. A ihoe coi^trired to lecovtr 
« oacrow and hoof* bound heel. 

PA'NTRY. /. [panetfrie, Fr. panariui,, 

, Lat.J The jrootn in which pr^ifions .{tre 

, Bipfifitcd. JVottOH, 

PAP./. [pap^,lt^mi P^iP^> D»teh,- /f- 
piih^ Latn.J 

I. The hippie; the <hig fucked. Spenfer^ 
«, Food made lor iafaots, with bread boil- 
ed in w,atcr, Doniif. 
3. The pulp of fruit, 

PAPA*. /. f ««irieiJr.] A food name for fa- 
ther, ufed in n[j,anjf iangi^es, ^wj//. 

PA'PACY. /. {papaute\ Fr. from/t^, :he 
pope.] pQpedi»m} o^ce and- cUgniiy ^f 
bi/hop« of Roaae. ' . Baan^ 

PA'PAL,^. f/<i^/, ^cnc^] Popift; be- 
longing to the pppe ^ s^imexed to the bifbop . 
ricK of Rome. Rakigbp 

PA'PAW. /, AiJaDt. 

PAP A' VENOUS, a. ^pafavera^, frow /w 
|uv0r). Lat.J Refembliiig poppies* 

.PA'PER./. F:^//V, French 5 /ff/^w, Lat.] 
I. Subftance 05[i which men. write and 
print; made by macerating linen rigs in 
w^^er. Shahfpeare* 

,*. Piece «f paper. ' Uue. 

3. Single. i^^et printed, or written* 

Skake^tarf^ ^ 

PA'PER. «. Any thing flight er ihi«. 


To PA'PER. V. a. [from the noun.] To 
regiftcr* Shui^^earg, 

, PAVERMAKER. /. (paper Atid mgh.] 
Oae vvho makes gaper. 

PA'PEJlMiL^./. £ptf/.^r aAd »i//.] A pill 

. . ■ 4 ^' . ' . ia 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

\n wiicK tsm are grcwnd for ptpct. ^Bafelf, 
^I^A'PE'SCENT. a. Containing pai^ j Jntlin- 
afclctopap.- A^hutbnou 

f^JPPLiO,/, [L9it. papilion, Fr.J A butter- 
fly; a moth dFvartouf colours. ^^J* 
TAPiLlONA'CEOUS. «. [fnbnfaj^rto, La- 
' t?n.J llie flowers of ibme plant* arc -cai- 
led tvfffhftadtooi by botanms, lirhjch re- 

• fircftnt fofnething of the figure of a but- 
torfly, witb its Tarings difplayed : and here 
{he pctala; or Slower -JeavM,- are' always of 
a diftorm figure : they jjre fonr in number, 

• but jolneifi to^'fhcr at the- efxtremitiejj 
■ one of'ftjcfe is uftally-lait^ than the 

• reft, andiserefted in the middle of the 
flnwrr.' '^ ' ' -' < 

-I'A'PILLARY.? a. [from ffOfWa, Lat.] 
TA^PILLOUS. J Having titoulgent velfels, 

or refcifibfajitfcs of paps. Derbam* 

'^A*P]S't?fi'[p^iJfe, Fr. pafifta, Lafin.] 

- One that adheres to the communion of -the 

" • ' pope ahdi chu rch of Rome . ' ^ ClarenHen, 

TAPl'STfCAt.-^r. prom/^j^.]- Pop^fhj 

adherent to popery. Wbitgifte, 

'^AWST^iy:/ ffiwn/rf^'/.] ^o^rjinht 

doarinebTtfteRomilhchuhJh. ff^gifte, 
•l*A*FPOl/S, tf. \pappoJus^ low Latin.] Hav- 
i* ing that foft light down, growing t)ut of 

the feeds of ibmc plants, focfa as thiftle^. 
'^ • " ' -nay. 

"FA'PPir: k. Jtram pap.'J ' Sdft j fucculehf; 

eafjly divided. J ' '•Svy/leU 

*PAR'-f, (liaftiit.T St^ of Equality} ^ui- 
" valence ; "i^qiial'value. * '• . • • Jj^ke. 
-PA'RABLE. a. [parabilis, Latin.] Bifily 

urocured. ' Brhon, 

TA^RAfiLE./. fw«e*^oX^O Afimilltudej a 

relation ^ttnder which fomcthii^g elfe i) fi- 

pured. Numlfen, 

f'A^ r 

PARACENTE'SIS./. [drffpo^Wt^f] *1lhtfl 
> ' operation, whereby any of ihe teateo are 

perforated to let out any maCw ; aiiappU% 

iji a tympany* . ' 

'PARACrNTRICALil d. {v^^nixk- 
PARACB'NTRICK. J ^r^ofc} Deviating 

from circularity. ^ Ctnne, 

P AR A'DE^/. IfarMU, Ff «] - . 
, X. Shew; oftentation. GrgwuiUet 

s, Military order. Mihtn, 

3. Place where tfoop^ iaa.^ up t^ do "du^ 
and mount guard, 

4. Guard) poftureofd^eHce. I^ 
PA'RADIOM. /. [nuft^YiAA.} Etani. 

PARADISI'ACAL. a. {from ffrtJifi,] 

Suiting paradife{ making paradife. .; { 
' Burnt, 

PA'RAmSB. / [wm^httr^,} 

1. The blifsful regions, in which the flrft 
pair was placed* MHtot. 

2. Any place of itlicity*. Sbakeffearu 
■PA'RADOX. /. [paradoxe, Fr. ir«|a>|of.J 

A tenet contrary to received opinion f m 
•afl^ertion contrary to appearance. > ^ Sprdu 
PARADCyXlCAL. fl. [hompara^.] 
I. Having the Mture of a paraddx.^ *; 

' t» Inclined to new tenets, or notio&t coo* 

trary to fetieived 0(»nions. 
PARADOCXICALLY* ad^ [from periM] 
• ina paradoxical manneiv Ct^ier, 

PARADO'XICALNESS./. [ftompurd^i 

State^bcingparaA>iiqil; hH» 

PARADOXCLOOY. /. [from **fiii^.J 
The ufe of paradoxes. . . Bn/wl, 

'PARAGCGE. /. [ffoi^ytyi.} A figure 
whereby a letter or fylkble is addoA at tie 
end of a word. 

tJJ'WABOi.A, jT. [Latin.] The pardhoh is PA'R AGON. /. (pafugin, frompMrage, equ*. 
* a'cQoicl(;fe^ion> ariflng from a cohe*s be- - lity, old French.] 
"' iiigtutby i plane ^lailel to onepf its fedes, 
or para'llel to a plane that touches one fide 
- of the cone. . . « - * Bent/e^. 

PARA^O'LICAL.*) A^'lparahoHjue, Ft, 
PARMeKLICK. S fr^farahuq ' 
I. Expreflfcd by parableor/imiKtude-. Bro, 

1. Having the nature or form of a para- 
\ • bola":' ^ ■ ' ■ ■ - . Ray, 

PARABO'LICALLY. <rf. f from i.«rtf^o/i. 
* ^//j . 

'^ I. Fy \vay of parable or fimilitilde. 
' Bt^witt 

a. It? the fcrtfc of^a |iatab6!a. * 

*PARA^B0L1SM. /. In algebra, the divifion 

of ihcterins of an e<[uat!on, by a known 

' Wiai'tity that is iniFolved Or muHipli«d in 

the fi^irterhi. • * "/' ^iB, 

I. A model} a pattern 5 fomethbg ft- 
premely excellent. 'Shakefftaru 

e. Companion 5 fellow. . Sunfii, 

To PA'R AGON. V. fi, \j>aragonher^ Fr.J 

1. Tocomuarc,^ diA^, 

2. Toeijual. ^ ShMkr^it, 
PA'RAGRAPH./ {paragrafbe^V^: itmft' 

9^«f q.] A diftnid part of a chlin>urie. 

-PARAORA'PHICALLY.,tfrf. [froro/ftA- 
. graph,] By paragraphs. 
PARALLA'CTICA Ur **. [from pane" 
'PARALLACTICS. S *tevj PertainiDg 

to<a parallax. - . ;i ,. . .; ., ; . 
PA^RALLAX./. [w«e«'XA<«^J The dii:. 
tance bet«»eon >tfaiB true and apparent^pllce 
of any ftar viewed from ito wtthi - M^ittn* 

PAt^A^BOLOID^/. fw^aC^n and a>©*.J *A'RAIXEL. a. [ira^XXHUi,] 

A'pafiboWftittn <urve in gCofnetry, wfeofc 
, ordihatcs arc fuppordd to bein fufetripli- -* 
''tdafe, 4ul*^admpiicafi^ -fto ratio ♦f^ their .. 

». Expended in the J fiMiediredfen, and 
pteferving always the 4ame diftafiec,- * 
.-: K. , . « Bftntn, 

%t i9«viiig the iame C^deacy, ' - AMJon, 

,3. Con- 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



f* inany^pactiouten; e^^aK i- Wktts* 
PA'RALLEL. /. [from thf adjeaivt.} 
t 1 *. Lkke* <^irtiii<i4ii • tbeit <ourfe> . and ftfll 
' remftliiiflg- af <t)y; faiae ^ftaace from each 
other. ffe* 

3. Lines do the glohe marking the latU 
f iiA^, * . . ' 

> J. Diredlion ccnformable to. that «f ano- 
t thcriimv ' G*ith. 

4. Reiemblance; conformitsr continued 
' through nany partkulM*^ Denham, 

t 5. CoroparifoJi made. jiJdifen, , 

> 6. Any thiagrefemblHig another. ^oar/A. 
ToPAfRAIiLEL. v. 4. [from the nouA.] 

■ l» To place, fo as always to keep the/ame 

• 4keAidti ^t]i-aiiotKcr'^oe«> Browfi, 
%. To keep in the iame dii«£lioa ^ wle- 

• ^ . SJbaiehktre, 

■ f * To con«(|>ond to. ^ . Bttrpet, 

• 4. T9'^ eqodl to { to reTemble through 
^- «Qaay p^rti€vku[S« . . IhyJen* 
1 5. To compare. > £fltif. 
I'AttALLErUSM,/; [parslM^ Fvesich.] 
v 3tat4 of being parallel. < Aitjf. 
l'ARAl4U£'U>6RAfti. / [«it^X«Xocaiid 
" >'$<>Mi**'^'] ^" -geometry, a right lined qua. 
f •drilaceral'tigiire^ tviioft oppofite idea are 

• parallel and equal. • JSarris, Bmvn, 
(ARAl«UtL(^GRA'MiCAU#. [frm^pmr^ 

• dHelopram^^ Haviag the fropertict of a 
% pftrtHelografn* 
PARALL£L(yPtPEP. jC A ^M fi^i« 

conuiiied under fix paralMo^ams^ the 

• oppoike of which «fe e^ual and parallel ; 
. or it is ji<pri^ whofe^Mfeita pavaUclo- 

gramt it is always ^triple to. a pyrMnid of 
« the fame bafe and height. Newton, 

PA'RALOGISM. /. [«<if«}itf94«y«a«.] Ji 
: falicargiomenti jtrititkaot, 

J>A^RALOGY. fi FaUt Mifooiog. 

9^RALyt&f.^^hv9^.l Apal^ : 
PARALY^TICAL. 7 a. [from ,/#wfaf*| 
^ARALY'TICK. 5 faraljtique, Fr.l Pal- 
« 4k4^ inclined to paHy. > rH§n, 

PARAMCUliTWtf. [ftr Md wsmf,] • 

• ''f ; ^periowr $ having the higheft jurifdic- 
' tion; a« lord /«>r<«WM>»^' the chief of tht 
; ^gniory. Vimi/tfiUt. 
'• %. • tmmtti. ] «f the htgheft order. Bac9^ 
PARAMOUNT./. The chief. Afi^on. 

• 1. Aloverorwoer. ^ttfer, 
'■ »» A.mijfbd9» - ... Sbaktfftari» 
#A'RAI4yMPH./. [irafi(pad«vH^]i 

> r. A bndeiisui ; oliei who leada the .Midfe 

• to hermarriage. MiHon, 
- ft. One who eebiiltniocttjor Top{i#tii aad^ 
' thcr. , ,. . . v. T'^h. 
^A<«^P£GM. /. [ita^itdV/m.I ;A btafeen 
i table 6w| «ii^ i^ifs, xm .whicb JmN ett 
V t^iodamations w/pre andeotl^ engra?cd4 

'. alio a tabl^y eontainlog ah aceevni b|,tl& 
. rifing and fetting of the ilart, tdipfes of <the 
fuB andmoon, the ieafons of the year, &c» ' 

PAaiA|>Et./.I>/i/v^,Fr.] Awallbroai 
.high,,, Ben,y»hnfon, 

PARAPHIMOSIS*/. [.^.^y^ri^.J Dif- 

cafe when the prarputium cannot be duwa 
; orer tb^ glaiis. ' * I 

PJiRjiPUeRi^jeLU, /. [Ut. f^iifJicr. 
. ' iKrtw, Fr.l Goods in the wife*sdiipofaI. 
PA'RAPHRASE.y: [w»#«^tf«r.c,] A iodtk 

interpretatioai an eiplaajtioA in mtinv 
. words. DiydetL 

,T#-PA'RAPHRASE. v. a. fir«f*>f.^^.| 
. To i/)terpret with laxhy of exprefliofi { to 

tranflate.looiely. . Stilliwftif. 

PA^RAPHRAST./. [ir*e«^r»»c-J A.l^x 

interpreter^ one who e^pitina m nmoy 

> Mfords. " iio^tr, 
PARAPHRA^TICAL. 9 «. f Aom /jr^i- 

interpretation ;''aot literal ; not -verbal. 1 
PARAPHRENVTfS.y: [ir^zni t^e»^.] 

BttN^Brenklix ia- an ioAattiiBatioA of the 

diaphragm, ;, Arhitbim, 

.PAOIASANG./. [^ntf/KiM, low Latin.] 

i A PeHian<i)eataie ^ length;. L^ke^ 

FA'RASITE. /. [farafitt, Fc fardjjta, 

Lat.} Onathatfteqnentafidit^Mes, aA 
. cams his welcome by Dattery. * Bacon. 
PARASITICAL. 7 a. [from /.i»^hL] 
PAR aVt1CK;-5 .. FUtterJjig r Wheedling. 
1 HahtwUL 

PA'RASOL. f. 'Afaairroit of canopy dt 
. uflftbrello carried over the head, ^BiS, 

PARASYNA/Xi^. i/. A coAventible. M 
.-.-.-. DiB. 

T^^AlLBOJU%. «. (/i«iii(wiiKir, Faeneb.] 
I TohalfboiU r. Baton, 

.To PA'RBREAK. «. a. [^r^cAfr, Dutch J 
-Tovenit. .*■>;.•. ' . • . 

^A'RBRSAI^* f, {««& the verb.] Vomit. 
»" Sfeitferm 

I^A'ROEL. /. OfMr^'y EMOchf partuttO, 
■ LatJ, '. . ^ -. ^ .i 

. X. A fmall bundle. 

. a. A. part, of thi wJlole tilcieii feparaCe%u I 

3. A quanstity or maft. Newton, 

> 4. A number of peiioa% in tontet^pt* '^ 

. . 5. Any mmber ^r^qoantity, in conteiipt. 
.' .- i . ■ . ■ ' ^ . Vtjitui!^ 

To PA^RCEL-v, tf. [fVom the noun.] 
% Z4 TVAividfeiaXopoctkmi.. • SiitB, 

. ft. To make up into a mai^ Skaiie^res 
PAJlCErHB^/vflncomaibitllaw.] Whe& 
• ' one dies poflefled of ancftatt> and having 

ifiUe. ofl3y daughters, or his iiften be -his 
,. hai^i fo tha^tho iands^^daiflend to 4hoib 
... .d»«ghterftoniiftg:t t ji^mt^cfUifiibftfce'' 

ptr$t CovkU 

4l» f^AR- 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

P>A It 


" «a*eJhinff donc'wr/aii'ijf J*toOM of the 

iPAR&'NTII&SIS^/. {^,««»K&^^ f p, ,^f 

h tad Tkdi^,] A kmttt^oi io inckiM in 

. ^Motbifr itnUncei\ jis thai it \diy be 4d^m 

v^hich inclofes it i bna% coafinUlftly Mirk- 

'•rf^Mi'<)« ^' ff'^Stf. 

PAR^NTHETICAt. m, [froffi fmw^.\ 

A 'hoi^ins er eccttpying <rf land by wnt 

, * TV ^ "' ' CvweL 

To PARtH*^**. T^lMirti .fl^SWy^Jld lie- 
. perAciaU|rV UaJtt^ekre, 

TovPA^QHt Vriv. To be rs6fc1)4d. f 

..'•-. i"- . , *. . — ' 6bak^e0re, 

PA'RCHMEMTi -/. Xparekt^tny Fm*ch j 

. '^ft^gsimUmp mat.^ ^SJt^t ibtflted ifor/.tllle 

writer.-''- • ^.; ^ < - rBmotii 

#A'.I^HM£NT-M4K£R« /. [fdrd>m^t^ IU<R£R. /. [;fm>^.] Aniaaniinciif to 

l^RQ. 7 /. |>iir</«i, fardah^^i^X.I ^A^ER^BYv^^ {^iie^^^^Hl ley&r.]- iSoiBo- 

fAf^fiAiJB^ Stv 3^' »et>iiue^ ' ffl f^ietff , thingittfiltn^QKftiit.^ fisnietil^ dose by #|e 
u s|ny ofthe/potto4 btafts. &bake^are, .by* : . Bro%ua» 

'roDqpr. - .... Jlf^adnv^d» 

Tm»A^mQ^T. V. «, (fkom the noim^j lb 
{4«fterj to cover wtlii ^4«<^*> 

■"* • ; '•<hm9rHoett$oflh«fr9muK 

yA/ACETER./. [fionv/.«s(iap».J lA i4af- 

'-tclen - 
I?AR#»^UX»9«.^>;.' OiHfii aa4. JlM^.} ^. A 
' Jhockfun. ^tyU, 

iHtttiinigthOiiVd^-OrwftW*. iSbsrp. 

.Toi^^RJ5aN. V. *. f/.wAt«Mr, ir.J 

, 1^ To f iecb^e«i>«lfe]|ika ikyd^a, 

."^5*iiro remit a penalty. StMhfj^art, 

•; tJ.forsiimiefe'dfin^tAbll^tifC ; ^ 

* iSJ Fargircads of a crknfij oMl^gmMi 
i ^.jSAstu^ort of penalty. 

5.\WarraAt/MD£ lbi|^f«nor3>'^ or tetiti^tton {?ARI<E^*ARY, /«. f(y«c»«»My> ^ft>^*4w*, 
Cwm^pualflirpeJI^t. Skl/Aej^tm- . iiat*] Ao\berb. ^"i^/iaor/A. 

V^ial} exQ«4afclo. 
pA^R4D0l<iAeL£N&$S. .yi 

•i)A'RI>OlMB£rYl' «^.A[fAxn f^hkmt^ 

PA-'HaeWER./. [fn)m/toicAr.J 

^»iV One who forgives another. Shakefpettri* 

. duigencics, and ibid them iti^futlJiB wOrold 
L ifcity'.ihfni. . . -r . : : v Owd. 

To PARE. V. a. To cut off txtranidtt or 
.t:'ti»e/fif^ci'3 ^aafr-^a> bylMl3l4'«. 
. .tlea to diminifli. Hociir, 

the power in medicine to comfBrt, nioiity 
and afluage. . »:' ■ -- • JkiSf, 

ij).ptf0d«6''any^i«^) Cheii^. Pi^£, 
PA'RIS./ AAherb. Ah^fk. 

. *'f.' *#{«»#(*«. j Th^:pan»cular cbacgc of a 
. AcnUf^Iti; Owr<eKim was 4rft divided 

imo puiAc^ by- H0AOfiii»^ «rclibM»o^ of 

€}Mii«#buj^/k»»b«C'ycatMBif*o«r Lo«^}$. 
1 '• ^^ .'. ' - ■■■' i^idamOsmei. 
PARISH, jt^ .. 
.^ c\ jidODf iffg -to- the part^^* Jik^iiig t!ie 

care oA'the^iitriA. ; .^j^ 

.. «nAf(aintained by the pariHi. Gay^ 

PAHrfflUON^v/. {;^r>r»j^; rr/ fWh 
• \ftfwj»>J One that helobgtf utfth* fm'i/b^ '\ 
\j. i ^'^^ [ ' > ' O00MII4 

RiV^llTOR. / rfor<ffttor<*»r.l AUOJei 

a fuihiMMr.Vffihe toucui^ cM «Mr. ^ "« 

%nity 4k porous Aibftance; « pare ^roogh PAlilTV* pi[p0nt^ St, foMhUylAUD,] 

. ■> Hai^^'the blood is-'Amiaoed:. 
PAR^NCHY'MATO©^.^ ^. ffrWn ;d>a* 
jA-ftWCIilY'KfOUS. 5 rmcbyma.'jKe* 
, [iBtintto thtpacenpfayBiKfiipaBgy^ G^w. 
.RAAI^^SIS. /. [TraeoiWi?.] Perfua^oii^ 

.•.'fiqNMky; refemblance. ik/A 

PAIUK. jC {i^lN)tor> ^te^] A piece of 
. ^gifMiad ifMsMed«iJid ftored with wU4teaft» 
of^chUfe* wln<^ ^vmin i)% have by pita> 
> '^a^\on or the kingta graxK. . Cov«/'. 

To-I^^C. V. a. [ftom theaofia.] Tain- 

>A^£ NT. /. f/wit0% .^«t4 /A^ithoror cko^ af^ooMi.- .\ .^^ '^b$kt^e*f%> 
oAfeM.'. .»;.. /. / > . >: Jlc^er, ^A^VifM^if. {^^mpmrk.! Ai>affk.4kefper« 

A«EKT ---. - .^.,.- .^- ^ ... ... . 

itiMi ; Uttk^ «0Mdi&»jt«fi^Hi?^ieft t«np4» 

9l]|i^£<^^AL. tf. [fpomip4nrA.j B«w»iing 

■'i^l It : > 

PA<KB£* /. [frtfrn /w^, French.] Uifltfer- 
/i.iiitibA;Mks4«mMHdt^. /^^ < AMi4ii 
^ IV^Riifiy^. v.\4ii i|!a»» JM^^ ^> 

Digitized by 


. Taltt^MM^Vx wfirt of mcwtk J tP ttlkj to 

!>A'RLEy./. [from the verb.] Oral treaty ^ 
Ulkj cojifei«iic«;. difctt0ioA by word of 
mouth. i'r^or, 

VA'KLIAM^HT, /. [parUamentum, low 
I'at.J The aiTanbiy ol the kio^ and.thi#e 
cf^Ates of the realm j namely^ the lords 
j^lrituai, the lords temporal, and pom- 
mons)) which, aiTembly. or court i^ of^ai^ 
other^, the higheft^ a^id of grjiatefi autho- 

)>ARUAME'NTAllY. ir. If^wt* ^#;/mi. 
mera,"] EnaAed by|>arUMneQt^ Xuiu«g^h'e 
Fniiuieirt j^ petuiwog to parkameau • 


-1. Axoom in monafterics, where t^x«U» 

gious meet aad cpuvcrfe. 

ft. A room m houfes on the firll flooV, 

degaotl^ fuiriu(hed:liNr rceepHoiiorentef^ 

Uinm<?nt. Spenf^, 

PA'RiOUS. «. l^Bcni ^i^h%,s wag^. 

I'ATStLOtJSNESS./. [from ^tfr/w«.] Quick- 

acfs ; kecnnefs o^ temper. 
IPAKMA-CITTY.^ Corrupitedly for ij^r- 

,ma'£eci« jUnfrvortb, 

H'RNEX*./ rth« diuomuUve ofpatr^neUa,} 

A yank; a Aut. Obfoiete. 
l*4R0<CfUAL. a, l^cl,iaR$, ftomfmro^ 

fik, low LaUj ^oflgiog to a p4ii/h* 

PATIODV. /. [pafffditf Ff. «a;^«..] A 
kiod of writing, in wlUch the words of an 
aufhour or his thoughts are taken, and by a 
ili^ change adapted to iome new puru>ie. 

To PA'HOPY. w. a. yarodtir, Ffv i^om 
)kira^.] To. copy by way of parody* 

TAl^O'^YMOUS. yi. [wft^wfivwtfj fe- 

ipo)hii«g another \tovd* /i^i2//i, 

T^A^OI^. //Oflro/tf, French.] Word^ven 

aian idTurance. , : Ckavelant(* 

I^AlLONiD^A'SlA. /. [f'^AWofM^rift.] A 
. rbotorkal figure, in which, by the ch^gjge 

^aU^er or fyllable> feveral. things are 
. aJhided to. J[>ia, 

Pa'ROQUBT//. jpMrro^ei or furro^, 

French?] A foiaU fpeaes of parrot. 

PARONVCHIX. /. [ vct^onvx^A. J A 

. pcetefnatural'.five^ing or fore under /the 
roec.of the nail in one's finder j. a whitlpvif. 

PARCKTiD. .av If^Mp^i'^} .S^Hv^ryj fo 
Danced becaufe neiar the cars. Crew, 

H'lLQJp. /, ,^m^4 ^ vtwapuR ia 
the glandules benind and aboot the.ears^ 
pqeKaUy caHtil , i;lje je»w«ftow of .tbc' 
haia 3 thoogh> iadeed^ thtfy ar« the/cii^ 

* A H 

tcwil fountain* .fdieialin «f^«iMiu 

PA'ROXYSMl/.'[*i{,e«r^.] A £?^. 
. riodical exacerbation of a difea^. M^n^ 
l»A^RRiClD£. /. [parridda, Lat.!;/ 
if. Qnc who di^roys his father. . 

a. Ooe who. deftn»rs or inv^es ao^ t^ 
whom he owes partknlar reverenced 

t« The piie^ uf a parim '; one, tl^ Ibas «. 

jinarochiikl chai^,()r ^ytjf of ibuls. 


S. A clergyman.^ . , ^^k/ffpeonm 

3 , - It is allied, xo ihf^ tffacoezs ^t^c pref-^ 

PA'RSONAGE. /. [from par/on^ "Tht 

benefice of a p|riih. ' A^di^^ 

PART./. \pan, Lat.] . 

1. Something jefs than the whol^ ; 9 J)or« 
tien } » quantity taken from a larger quan- 
tity. Kn<^Us^ 

2. Member. i«fil<r, 

3. That which^ in diTififtt^ falls to each* 

4. Share; concern. IiOp<**: 

5. Side 5 party. ^ Dantef* 

6. Something jrelating or belonging. 

.7. Pantic0ki^^ce or ^ra^er, , ^^r^eff. 
. ^« Chai^ilqr appriDp^ted in 9 ptay* 

9. Buiinefs| 4i^x< :. r Bacon^ 

i^. A^^ionj C6Adui£t* ". . Sbakefptare* 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


• 'itii ltelfltaoii«dfrocil. ' T^fifin^ 
' -ti'ii &i good paitj injll.pwtj as w^U 

^doHt5*a•tHdonc, ' ' -^ Hixfktr, 

'Oay. [In the ploraJ.] <^alkicij powew^ 

iacultUs. ^^«> 

14. [In the phiral.J •Qnartcrss tegioiu} 

-IPAKT. W. Partly I iflribHie ihorfbf e; " 
' , , ' ' ' ' ^" ^i>aie/pmre» 

2 , To divide ^ to ftarfe ; ' to^iftr?lnite; * 
^''■'. " . , ^^ 

' aV ' T^ ifepatate } to difunitr. Vrydu^, 

V 'tp/'To break into pieces, ' Levitlcui, 

4. Tokftepaibnder; $hiAtfp4art, 

* " «/ TjO TftMir^ combatanCi* abakejpfar^. 
" l.Tifecem.v - J*rwr. 

•Tb PART. v. «. 

^ *t; *r6^feptrate*«- - €>ryden. 

• '^ #. *To take fareweU ' "Shake^ar.^, 

^-3,'.TohlflreikarV.\ • ^^/o^. 

• 4i' [Ptfrftr, Fr.J-To J16 tway 5 to fet out. 
»'^5, To l*ART'<iy|tft'. To' fitiit} to refipiij 
^- -tb'lofc. ' M - Tay/or, 
•fWi^TABLE, ^. riiropi ^/yirr.] DlyihMsj 
I £ich'8S.m«y ^ pflhfid* ' ' ' Camden, 
•FA'RTAGE. / ff^tfit^ iV.J DitrHbn j 

i£t«i£JKMhg ot' pattkig. LdrA^. 

-To'PARTA'KE, v. w* Preterite^ r^r- 
'> ittpls 'participle pafliYC,. farUtktrt, \j>att 

'and mill] ' 

f t. ^o have fttre of any ibinz 5 tff talte 

- *.;T9 pfrtvc)p.i^e ;, Jo Ijate foip^tJ^ngQf 
the pfDpetty, nature, or- right. Bdcoh, 

- -3. To^be admitted to; »ot^ be exduded. 

4,. Something'-fvi'di rn before the thing pa^- 
f «a]Seirof« . Lbcke. 

Ki Tocomb!iie{to6ii«rinto*ibmedd^gn« 
< Bale* 

*" B. T<rifharef tri hotir&^ttt uu H^Utott^ 
9* To admit to part ; to extend patticipg- 
' tion. ' .''--*''.. Sp£tifer, 

r ARTA'KER. f, [from partake,] 

X. A partner. in. pofieiiiunt I a iharer ef 

• vjiy thiA^;' ahaflbciatewsth. 

t ' ■ - -. ^' fJmker. Shakfffiane^ 

' ^. Something with in before the thing^ar- 

■ taken* ..... S^akefpenre* 

3. Accompfiee-jVflbciate," • ^-tfalms, 

PALTER. /. Ifxompart.} One tb^t parts 

■- torfeparates. • ' ''•^S'tiney, 

•PA^T^RRE.,/. [j>artemr; Fr.] A- level 

divtfioo of grottdd. -i t • ' -MILr, 

•FA'RTIAL. tf. {partial^ Fr.J . 

» f. Inclined atrticcdentfy- tofavobr'^one 

' party in a caufe; 'or one fide of the f|ueA^ion 

• tnore than the other. ^ . ^ Mai, 
2. Indined tp Cayouir without reafon;'^ 


3/ Aifefting only one part} fubfiAnig ^nly 

ina partj notuniverl^L . 'Sur'neu 

PARTfA'LlTY. /. [paftudki, Fr, froHi 

partial.'] Uncijual ftate of the jadgment 
' aind favour of one tbove due otiiei-» -^ i 
' V • ' ^penfef. 
To PARTIALTZE. nf^xi. Ipartialifir, ft. 

from I'tfrfW.] To make partiah 
'' ' Shakefpeart, 

PA^RTIAIXY, ad. [from fartia/^l 

I, With uajtift favour or dilKke. - 

• a. la parti not totally. . ; RogerL 
PARTflM'LlTr. /. [from partiilt^-] fcvS 

^fiMlity; fcparAJlity. 
PA^t^lBlJE.M. [kompari.} Di^i«b!c; ft- 
' pafable. . Viglp 

^ARTl'CIPASLE. <r,.[ftoili partictpme.j 

Such as may be ihared or partaken. 
t^AilTl'ClPAKT.'flr. Ipartkipant, Fr. from 

ffarticfpate*) Sfa'armg| having ihare & 

parr. Bam,, 

To PARTICIPATE, v. ». fparthyih 

LatJ , 

' I. To partake^ io^ hate 'ihare. 

• 2. With of, Haywarl, 
3. With ;n. ^ A^oa^ 
^ To hare part of more things than ona 


: 5. To have part of fomething common 

with another. Ba^n^ 

To PAKTrCIPATB. v. a. To partake^ 

to receive part of; to fhire; Holler* 

f ARTICIPA'TION. /. yartkipAt'tw, Fi^ 

iromparttcipateA * 

I. Tlie ftate of maiing ^tr.ething in com* 

fitoii. • Bilker, 

• a. The aft or ftate of partidcing orhaviag 
part of fomething. StiUjngfecfy 

^ 3. Oifinhutioh) d?tiBon into fli^bts.' '^ 
* • IRateigb, 

iPARTICI'PIAL.^ a, [parti(ipiaU$^ LatmJ 
Havingthenature-OT a participle. • T'^ 

•PARTICl'PIALLr. ifV/; ffrom fartfc^ki 
In the fenfe or manner of a participle! " 
PA'RTICIPLE. /: [^or/i«/wrjB, Lat.7 
z» A word pirtJiktng at once die qonttMi 
o^a noun anid vei^. - '' " 'Clarke, 

a. Any thing that |«rtkipttet of diflifent 

• things. . Bm^ff 
«|>A'RTlCLE. ^ {partUuie, Fr^^paftiaiUh 

Lat.J •• * 

T. Any fmall portion of a gretter foft* 
' ftance,? > - •.••*■ ■ ", '^ 

• a, A wordtinVarledhy inflerioo. .HWo^ 
•PARTI'CirLAR. a. l(anieurte^,fnl ,. 

1. Rtlatmg to finale |!fcr(tmfts aiof gefiefa}* 
•■"■ ■ . , '"' -'. .; ' ." -W^ 
' ft. InArvi^alf^^oMerVlfltfnA.fiftMiKthert. * 

3. No^f^MipiiitieMrtii^peoiIw^ 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

£f^ rk ^ 


^ 4» AtteDtive to ihlnp (mgle and diftinft; 

;-o -.-n''^ " " • ^ LQcke, 

• 5, Single ; not grtiefal. Sidtuy^ 
6. Odd f ^aving/piii«th log that exnineAUy 

v-: ^fHmguiih^s bifli /rofb ctheii, 

j,,A ^ugie-iafUace^.a fingle jtoiot. 

- ..V •:.•..? = " South* 

: «. Ini^mcUupl f private perfoB.' JL'J^tffff^ 

3. Private intereft* Booktr, Sbakefpeare* 
r- 4. Pj^vate <;rMa£k^} iingle (bit' j ftate df 
. an individuaU Skakefpeare, 

5. 'A minute detail of things fingly ennnae* 
- lated. ^hff*» 

, ^. DiiHn£l not general recital. Drydtn, 
TARTlCOI-A'RlTy. / [partitularh/, Ft. 
^ - frdm particular, ] 

I. DiiUnd Botlce or enotiieration^ not ge- 
. neral aflert'K)n. Sidney, 

• - B. Siagienefs $ individuality,' ik§ker, 
' j; Petty accouat J private incidpnt. 

<■ - Addifon, 

.4^ S^iiictking belonging td fiitglfe ptefoas. 
. 5. Somethmg peculiar. AdSfon, 

.ToJPARTl'CULARlZE. v. a. [fartkula' 
' w/o-^ French.] To mention diftinftly j to 
^ detail 5 to (hew minutely. Atter^ury, 

lARTi'CULARLY. tfd'. [from /izrr/ftt^r. J 

2; Dii^in^ily ; (ingly 3 not univerfally. 
. ^. • 5*tf/i&. 

; ft. In an extraordinary degree. Dryden, 
To PARTrCULATE. v.a. [ix<fm particu- 
lar^ To make mention lingly. Camden, 
.PA'RTISAN. /. [/>«rfi>rt«, French.] 
I. A kind ot pike or halberd. Sbahfpeare, 

• s. *{From ^o/ti^ French.] An adherent to 
a'(a£Hon. jSddfJoii, 

.3. The commander of a party. 

4. A commander's leading fUflF. Atttfivorth, 
PARTl'TiON. /. [partitian^ Fr* fartUio, 


1. The 9&, of dividing; a (^ate„of being 
divided. ' Sbakejfaare, 

2. Diyifkni^^/eparation} diftin&ion*^ 

' . Hooker, 

i, Piirt divided from the reft j feparate part. 


• 4»* That by which different parts arer(ibpa- 
' Mted*'^ ' / ;. . Rogers, 

' 5. Part where reparation is made. Dryden, 
Ti) P^RTl'TIONv'-il. a. To divide into 

• diftinft parts. Bucon, 
.PA'ATLET. /. A aane given to a hen 5 
; the original figniftcatioo being a ruff or 
' bawd. .1 .. . . ' . Hall, 
. I*AfRitI,Y. «</. [from part,"] In fome mea- 

^ fwre jw in lonie degree. ... Addifon, 

I'A^RTNEK./. [from/tff/.] 
•' ^^P* Partaker J fliarerj one who has part in 
f 'ahy^ing.- \MUton.' 

'\^': •...•.. "Shaiefpeart, ^ 

Ta P4'RTNER. v. *. [fim the aoM.J 

Tojdinj to aflbciate ^ith a partnibr. ^ 

PAOITNERSHJP. /. [from /k^rtitty J^ .. 
. , 2. Jjjiiit ihtercA or property, Dryden. 

%, The unipn of two or more im-tke fame 
, -tradi.. " VEJhsnge, 

l>A'RTOOK^ Preterite of /tfrftfife.i< ., 
PA'RTRIDGE./. [/>mr«, WcWh.] A lira 

of game. ^ • j Samuel* 

PARTO'RIENT. a. [parturUniylAXuu^ 

About to brin§fortb. 
PARTURI'TION. /. [from/tfr/Krw, Lat.] 

The ilatc of being about to bring ^h. 

• 'BrmvH* 
PA^TY, /. [partie, Frehcb] 

1. A number of perfons con|ederate(i>> by 
iimilarity of (ie(igns or opinions in- opfiofl- 
rion to ' L^fhe, 

2 . t)ne of two litigantt. Sbokefptare, 

3. One concerned in any afFair. SbaJ^Jp, 

4. Side ; per(bns engagedji^ainii each other. 

' '• > Wryden, 

5. Caufe J fide, ^ . . I Dryden. 

6. A felea afTembly. Pope^ 

?^ Particulsr per fori 5 a peiJbn/ diftinft 
roiti, or oppofed to, another* - Ta^lorm 
. 8. A detachment of foldiers. * ." ^ ' 

PAS, f. [French.} Precedence J right of go- 
ing toremoft. . Arbuthmu 
PA'SCHAL. a.[pa/cal, French.] 
1. Relating to thdpaflbver, ' . 
a. Relating to Eafter. 
PASH./. [/>tfa:,Spani(h.] Akifs, Shfiiefp, 
To PASH. V. tf. [/»f#», Dhtch.] To ftrike i 
to cru(h. , Dryden, 
PASQLfE.FLOWER. /. [puljmlla, Latin.] 

A plant. - - 

PA'SQUIL. 7 /, [from pafyu{no^ Ta 

PA'SQUIN, V ftatute at Rome, to 

PA'SQUINADE.3 which they affix a6y 
lampoon.] A lampoon. - Hoijvel, 

To PASS. v.«. [paffiry Frenckj I w. 
I. To^'go.; to move from one jp lade to ano- 
ther ; to be progrei^ive, . .Sbmkeip^re, 
3,. Togo} to make way. '^^Dryddn, 

2^ To make Cfajilition ixsftfi one. thlog to 
.pother. * ' < ' %Toplo, 

■ 4» T« 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

I» A8 


^ i|. 7d notft ; to %e k>(l« PySn* 

5, Tobe-fpentj tog^o ^ty, h»cke, 

• w. To be at an endj to be over. Dr^den. 
J, To iit ^ to pais from the pre^nt life to 
anorilfcr ftate. Shaki^pmre. 

t. To be diajigcd by resuUr graldation; 

9. To go beyond bounds. Oblbfete, 

JO. To be in any ftate. Exekiel, 

. II. To be enacted. CUrenihih 

iz. To be eflPe^ed; to exift. Hooker, 

X^« To gain reteptioa j to become Current. 
74. 'To b^ pradiicd artfully or fuccefsfully, 
X^. To be regarded as good or ill. Atitrb, 
j6. To occur} to be tranladied, W«/fir. 
17. To 1^ done. Tajhr, 

xi. To heed \ to regard. SMtfputre* 

39. To determine finally i to judge capi- 
tally. Stakgffoure, 
^o. To be fupremely excellent. 
SI. To thruft J to make a puA In fencing. 
aa. Tb omk. Priori 
33. To go through the alimentary dud. 

24.. To be in a tolerable ftate. VEftrattge, 

■ ' as. To Pass awaj. To be loft } to glide 
oC L^ke. 

af. ToPiisf 4ntf4r)r. .Tovaniflt^ 

To PASS. V. tf. 

J. To go be3rond. Hajvoard* 

2. To go through } as, the horfe faffed the 

3. Tofpcnd; to l|ve through. Cotliir, 

4. To i^nptirt to any thing, the power of 
xnoving. Derbam^ 
f. To carry hafJily. Addifon, 
^.' To tr^tnsfer to another proprietor. 

7. Toftrainj to percolate. Bacon, 

$. To vent; to let oat. Watu, 

9. To utier ceremoniouily* Ckrendon, 

30. To utter folemnly. VEJhange, 

XI. Totranl'mir* OaretuUn, 

l%» To put an end to. Skakefpeare. 

13. Tofurpafs) to excel. Exekiel, 

14. To omit J tonegled. Sbakefpeare, 

15. Totranfcendj to tranfgrefs. Burnet, 
J 6. To admit; to allow. %Kinp, 
17. To enaft a law. ^wp?. 
iS. To impofe fraudulfntly. ' J)ryden, 

1 9. To f radife artfully i to make foccecd. 


20. To fend from one place to another, 
ai. 7aPA6StfW4y, Tad^th^^^ to wafte. 


ax. 7*0 Pass i^. Toexcufej to forgive. 


aj. To Pas* bj. To iie|le£l| to difre- 

{|axd. JtefOiTk 

ft4. 1^ Pas9 #v<^, Tb onric; to let ^91 

unregarded. Drjdtn^ 

PASS. /. [from the ttth,} 
. t. A narrow entrance j «i sremut. 

a. Pafl^ J road. BaJeigb^ 

3. A perm^Hion t«g« ereoniftai^ whev. 


4. An order by which ^grants Of impotent 
per^s are fent to their place of abode. 

5. Pud^j thrift iq feaekig. Shake^>ean. 
i. State; condition. Sidmtf, 

PA'SSABLii. 4r. [/tf^^Fr^ Crom^/f.] 
• I. Pofiible to be paCedortraveUed-throvgh 
or over. • a Btac^ 

a. Sopportablej tplerabU $ alloutabie. 


3. Capable of admiffioa ae reception. 


4. Popvlar \ well rtcevved. .fitf^cff. 
PASSAIXK /. [Itftliaa.] A pofli j a thruft. 

PA'SSAGB./. r/€fe«» French.) 

1. Adt of paflingi travel j courfe; joor- 
ney. -Raiagb, 

a. Rti^d] way. Soutb, 

3. Entrance et exit) liberty to^t^ 


4. The ilate of decay. Sbakffieart, 

5. fmelloflrual admittance} mental accep* 
tance. l>iiiy* 

6. Occurrence) hap. Sb^Murt, 

7. Unfcttled flare. ^y#a^. 

8. Incident} tranfaAion. H^ytuard, 

9. Management I eondu6k. baviet, 
!•. [Mndi^it, French.] Part of a hook; 
Angle place in a writing, ^ddifin, 

PA^S^D. Preteiite and participle of /«}i. 


PA'SSENGER. /. [Mfagar, French.] 
I. A traveller } oi|is whoia upon the road; 
a wayfarer. Sfen^, 

a. One who hires in any veliicle the liberty 
of travelling. Sidnej. 

PA'SSENGER falcon. /* A kind of migra- 
tory hawk. Ainfivortb, 

PA'SSER./. [from/*/*.] Oaewbop^es; 
one that is upon the road. Carew, 

PASSIBl'LITY./. [paffikllk^. Ft. from ^- 
JibU,'\ Quality <^ receiving impreifiont 
from external agents. Haktmnll. 

PA'SSIBLE. a, [pajible, Fr. pajfibilh, Lat] 
Sufcepciveofimpreillons from external a« 
gents. Hoehots 

PA'SSIBLENESS. f, ' [from fotffiblo,^ Qua- 
lity of receiving impre^ions from external 
agents. Burevmi, 

PA'SSING. fart'icipial a, f item f aft.} 
I. Supreme furpaffing others $ einiocnt.. 

«. It 18 nfed adverbiallv to enforce, the 
meaaifig of taocher woh1« Bxccc«ding. 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

• t-bdHHiiokif itft|»«t*th« bQur of 4«p8rti^rq 
<t»^9l>ttitf. prayer? j^tb«^p»ffiiig foul t it Si 

• ^dkftly kRer deatii. Dsnitl, 
^A^S;nON. /. £f3f^,"Pr^ |u5^o, Latin.] 

•I» 4ny-eiltft-€aiiled'bx«xttnialagen^. 

'- .' lickr, 

%i Violsnc «oiiladCioa of Um ihiad. 

I 4« Ziealj ardoQfc Mdifik, 

^ |i £ip?t« DrytieK* 

7. Daj^atically. The laft faftering of the 

J^dee«e»^£«lurwofM* • * ., jtfffj. 

To flA^SION* V. ». [fi^oner^ Tu from the 

I npift* J* To 1>€ exttcfoc^ agitiite^l to «x- 

I jaieisffeit coio89otion of mind. Obfblete.' 

. ^ ' SbaAefpeare» 

Aniimn ... 

PA^$SiON-W££K./. The week immedU 
' Hdji^ pracedMiir Batter, nioed ip comne* 
i^^itep^^ioii of ovr Saviour's crucifixion. > . 
PA'SSIONATE. a. [paffiimv/yWrtnch*]. 

• f« M^ycA'bypaiCon; 'Caofiag orexpreiiing 
great cdmmotionpf mind* Clarendon, 
%, JS«AI|r4no«^d ganger. Prl$r* 

ToPA'SSIONATE. "V. a, \h6m pt^.} 
AApld word^ 

I. To afea wit|i pinion* Spfnfa-. 

\ .^ ^T)^ ^pr^i^ pBffiohatJBiy. • - Sbakefptflrc, 

PA'SiSitofATEjCY. «/* (from j&^<^'i*ir.] 

I. With paHion } with defire^ love or 

' Mxfd^ . #i£k gccat com'motiMi of miiul. 

' ^ ^^Spnti. Dryden, 

«cJftiigyU|ri • i^' Li»ke. 

PA^S^O^ATEN^SS. /. [from fa^nate.} 
h State of bein^bje^ to^aifion. 
1* Vehemence fif ^ad, '--' ■ B€yie4 
PA'SSIVE. a, [faffivui, Latin. J »: 
if Rece&viAg^ i»prefioa fsata kfmt extet<<> 
Hid jigent* ^ - Somh, 

. 1« Uorefifting; notoppofing. ' Pep*. 
3,> Sfft^riftg I nota£Ung.. * "" 
4* |]In ^grammar.] A vfeih faffifve ?s thit 
, whicji figoiiies ^^lon.. Qarke, 

PA'S^iLy. <ii/. [ffom faput.-l With a 
paffive nature. ' t S>ryden, 

PAf^SIV^NESS./. [from^if*r.)' ' 
I* Quidity of receiving impreffion iiepoi 
eatferhal agents. 
,';i. PalBbility; power of fufFering. 

J>ecay of Piety, 
PASSIVITY. /. ffroiD j&4#w.J Paffiv'e- 
»ef», - Cheyne, 

PA'SSOV-BR. /. [pafi and ww.] '. ' *^ 
r. A'(feaft inftitutmi among'tD^jJewt, in 
meftiory of the time when God, fmiting 
the fit^-born of the Egyptians, pt^td over 
.^ehabitationtof th«H«brfew«*,. - John, 
2. Tie iacrifice killed. ^nodus, 

• 'Vol. U. 


• «j|ffioB of cgrafd. V $idt$9^ Smth. 
PAST./tfiW^nif A {fit)ni^^.f •' 

U NdC )»efiMtt|i ftitft to coflotf. "^ ^firi/>* 
ft. Spent 3 gone through;- undeigone* . 

PAST, y: EllipCicaUy uTed for paft timi^. 

'^ - ' Fittott^ 

PAST, ptvpc/km* 

i. ^eyond in time. ' Sikrewt^ 

ft. Her longer capable of« JbtyiOardh 

S* Beyond ; ottt of acacb of, Cakmy. 

4. Beyond )> ftarthcr thao. Nwftk^s4 
' 5. A^ve'^ moretham Spenfett 

P'ASTE./. [>/^, French.] ; 

^>» Any^^ thing mixed up (o as to be vifcous 

' and teBtciouf. Drydat* 

ft. Flour and water boiled together lb at tQ 
Qiakea cement. ■ ^ ' ^ ^ 

3. Artificial mixture| in imitation of pre* 
ciowiibMiea, ^ .. 

ToPA5TE. V. tf. r^/«r. Ft. ftior'thf 
noua.] Td foften wicb pafte. t$ch** 

PASTEBOARD, f^tpafti and bcetnd.} Maf- 
&s made ancient^ by pafting one board oa 
another t nOw made (bmetimei by macerate 
in% pfp^i iiametiaiei by poimding old c^* 
age, and caiHng it in fonns* MiUfn* 

PA^STEBOARD. «• Maditofptftfb^d. 
'J • • - - . Mdertitner^ 

PA'STEL./. An herb. 

P^'STERNv/. frtf/?Kwr,^Fl«ldi.J 
I. The knoe of an horfe^ SMu^mn. 
ft. '}!(ie le^ of any human/ eieaciire. 

' t. . - -' ' : J>rydim* 

PA'STIL. /. {p^fiiUut, Ut. pt^lU, Ffcach.J 

• Atollofvp«ie^ ' ' ' Ptachamf 
PA/8TfI«B./.{^ awl |NHr.j Sport} .41- 

• mufement ; diverfion. - W»ttu 
PASTOR. /. {ptj^r Udft-l 

I. A ibephtttl. Dryien, 

%, A clergyman who has the c|ire of a 
itOck ; one who has fouls to fc«d with 

' found doctrine. . . Swift, 

*A'8T0RAL. a. [pajhntlis, Latin.] 
i^^Rii^] 5 ruftick jvhefitemiog ihepherds ; 

imtcatiog ihepherds Sidney* 

ft^ Relating to the^careof fouls. Hooker. 

PA'STORAL. /. A poemin which any ac- 
t^n4nr< paflion^is lapreiented by its efledH 
upon a cavntry iifs, in ivhichfpeakers take 

\ upon them the chara&er of ihepherds ; an 
idyl 3 a bueolick. ff^alA4 

PA'CT'RY. f* IpdfiUfer'u Fr. from pafte.] 

^ 1. The aft of njakipg pies. ■. Kin^, 

' a» Pies or baked pafte. 7uJI<r4 

5. The ptaoe^where paftry is^made. 
PA/STRY*Q0OK. /. (pt^firy and eooL] 

One whofe trade is to make and fell things 
baked in faftfi' - i Arbmhnou 

PA'STURABLE, a. [from />/7/?i/r#.] Fit for 
pafttire.' ^* , ' 

PAi^TURAGB. /. Ipajiurage, Freadv] 
4 T a. Thf 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



i. The bufinefs of feedini catti;. Spenfer, 
2. Lands grazed by cattle. AtkTtjfon* 

■ 3. The ufc of paftore. jlrhutlmot, 

PA'STURE. r. [pafiure, French.] 

• I, Foodj th^atl of feeding. Broton, 
S. Ground on which cattle feed. Locke, 

• 3. Human culture ; education. Dryden^ 
To PA'STURE. v. a, [from the noun. J 

To place in a pafture. 
To P/l'STURE. V. n, [from the noun.] To 

• graw on the ground. MHton, 
PA'STYj /. (/tf/<r; French.] Apyeofctuft 

• raifed without a dilh. Sbakefpeare, 
PAT. ai [from-^m, Dutch, Skinner.] Fit j 

conyenient ; exactly fuitabie. jitterhnry, 
PAT. f^Xfstte, Frebch.] 

I. A light quick blow ; a tap. CoHier, 

%, Small lump of matter beat into fhape 

\vith the hand/ 
To PAT. V. a, [from the noun.] To ftrike 

lightly ; to tap. Bacon, 

PA'TACHE. /. A fmall flup* Ainfwortb, 
PA'TaCOON. /.* A Spanifli coin worth' 

four fhillings and eight pence Engli/h. 

To PATCH, tr. ». [fmdtzer, Danifh j pex- 

• xare, Italian.] 

I, To cover with a piece fewcd on. Locke, 

' ^, To decprate the face With fmall fpots of 

black fillc. ^Mfon,- 

' 3. To mend clamfily i to mend fo as ihat 

the original drength or beauty is loi^. 

' 4. To make up of {breds or different pieces. 

PATCH. /r [pexxo^ Italian.] 

I. A piece few^ on to cover a hole. 

%» A piece inrerttid In mofaick or varie- 

• gated work. 

3. A fmall fpbt •f black filk put on the 
' tacc. Suckling, 

4. A fmall paiticle } fl parcel d^Tland. 


5. A paltry fellow. Obfolcte. Sbakeffeare, 
PA'TCHER. /. [from patcb,] One that 

patches ; a botcher. 
PA'TCHERY./. [from fatcb.'] Botcheryj 

bungling work ) forgery. Sbakefpeefre, 

PATCHWORK. /. (patcb and tv^rk.] 

Work made by fewing fmall pieces of dif^ 

ferent colours interchangeably together. 

PATE. /. The head. Sffcnfen Soutb, 

PA' TED. a, [from pare,] Having a pate. 
FATEF AUCTION. /. [prntefaBit,, Latii!.] 

A^ or ftatc of opening. j^infwortb, 

PA'TEN. /. [patina^ Latin.] A plate. 

PA'TENT. a, ['patens, Latin.] 

I. Open to the perufal of all : as, letters 


PATE'RNItV. /. [htmpstt 
' Fatherihip; the relation of fl 

a. Somfcthing appropriated by Ictte n jy 
tent. ' m^mkitl 

PA'TENT. /. A writ ccmfenijig fome ex- 
dufive right or privilege^ Sb^kt^e, 

PATENTEES /. [from fatent,'\ One who 
, has a patent. Swifi, 

PA'7£R.N0SrER. /. [Latin.] TheLoid'a 
prayer. C!«*dhr, 

PATE'RNAL. a, [feternus, Latin.] 
I. Fatherly} having the relation of » Ei- 
ther. Hatnmcnd, 
9. Hereditary; received in fucceffit^ fiftm 
one's father. Drydu, 
PATE'RNITY. /. rfrom^^fmriri, Lati«.J 


PATH./. [pa«, Saxon.] Way} toad; track. 


PATHB'TICAL. > 0, [»«^«ac.] Affeft- 

PATHlB'TICK. S ing the paffiooi} paf- 

fionate ; moving. SwiJ^, 

PATHE'TICALLY. ad, [frem patbeHcal,\ 

In fuch a manner as may flrike the pal-, 

- fions. • Drydeui^ 

PATHE'TICALNESS. /. [fyoOi patbdieal,l 

Quality of befng pathetkk } ^alitf of 

moving the paffions. ' 

PA'THLESS. ai [from /«fib.] Uhtroddei } 

' not marked with ^atbs. Sandft, 

PA'THOGNOMONICIC. a, [*«&o>»«jt*«-. 

tfHo^.] Such figns of a-df (^afe as are infepa- 

rablc, defigning the pfence or Ireal nctttre 

• of the difeafe } liot fym]Stomatick. 
PATH0L6'G1GAL. a, [from fatMogyX 

• Relating tO the tokens or diicoverable eP 
ft€ts of a diftempef. 

PA'THOLOGIST. /. rWSe. and xlya^.] 

One who treats of pathology. 
PA'THOLOGY./. [»*&©. and Xlyi».jmt 

part of medicine which relates to the dif-* 

tempers, with their difitrence^y canfes wd 
• effects incident to the human body. , 

PA'THWAY. /. [patb and «wy.] A roadj 

ftrifUy a narrow way to be paflVd on fbdt. 


PA'TIBLE. «. [from /4fiV, Latin.] Soffttr- 
able; tolerable. DiB, 

PA'TIBULARY. a, [patihulaire, Fr. from 
patibu.'um, Lat.] Belonging to the galkws* 

PA'TIENCE. /. [patientia, Latin.] 
I. The power of fufferingj induranccj 
the power of expe^ing long without rage 
or difcontent ; the power of fnppoiting 
i nj u r ies wi th out revenge. fifattbew* 

%. Sufferance j pcrmiflion. Hooker, 

3. An herb. ilUrtmer, 

PA'TIENT. a, [fattens, Latin.] 

1. Having the quality of enduring. Raj, 

2. Calm under pain or afflidion. Drydatt 

3. Not revengeful againft injuries. 

4. Not ca% provoked. I tbefaL 

I 5» N<« 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


P A V 

5. Not hafty ) not vicloufly eager or loi* 

petnxmt. Prior, 

PA'TI€NT. y. f/*/«w/> French. I 
. i^n'kat wbicA receives impceffions from 

external agents. Government ^tbe ^Tongue, 

ft. A peribo difeafed. jidiSjon* 

ToPA'^ (/««/j»/!<r, French.] 

To compoie one^s fclf. Sbakefjbeare, 

PATIENTLY, ad. [f torn, patient .] 

X. IVidMut lage under pain or affli^Hon. 
' Milton, 

%, in^oot Ticious impetuofity. Calamy. 

PA'TINE./. [fatimay Latin.] Tbec^vcr^f 

a cbafice* Atnfwortb* 

PA^LY. ad* [from ^j Commodiouily j 

PA^raUTARCH. /. [fatriarehay Latin.] 

X. One who governs by paternal right) 
\ the fath er and ruler of a family . 
t. A bifliop fuperior to arckbiihops. 


PATRIA'RCHAU a. [patriarchal, Fr. 
isam pstriarch.^ 

Jk Belonging to patriaichs ; fuch as was 
poiTciTed or enjoyed by patriarcbc. Norris, 
t« BciNB^g 10. hierarchical patriarchs. 
', jlyMe, 

PATRIA'RCHATE. If. \patrtarchat,Vx. 

PA'TIWARCHSHIP.J from patriarch,} 
A biflioprkk fbperior to archbiihopricks. 


PATRIA'RCHY. /. Jarifdiaion of a pa. 

. triffcb) patriaKhate. Brerctaood, 

PATRrCIAN. a, [patridtu, Latin.] Se- 
natorial ; noble $ not plebetaA* 

PATRKCIAN./. A nobleman* Dtjden, 

PATRIMO'NIAL. a. [from patrimony.]^ 
PoflTeiTed by inheritance. Tempk, 

PATRIMONY. /. {fatnmonium, Latin.] 
An eftate poflcfled by inheritance. Davieu 

PATRIOT, f. One wkofe luUng paiTion is 
the Jove of his country. TickeU. 

PATRIOTISM. /. [from patriot,} Lovt of 
OQe*f country j seat for one*s country. 

To PATRO'CINATE. v. a. {patrocmor, 
Latin.] To patsonife) to protect ; to de- 
fend. Diff^ 

PATROL. /. [patrmiUe^ old French.] ^ 
I. The iJSt of^oing the roundip in a gam- 
ion to ebferve that orders are kept. 

. 2. Thefe that go. the rounds. Tbomfon, 

To PATROL. V. n. [patrouil/er, Fr.] To 
go the rounds in a camp or garrifon. Black, 

1»ATR0N. /. [patrvntu, Latin.] 

z. One who countenances, fupports or pro- 
teds. Prior. 
.%, A guardian faint. Spenfer, 

3. Advocate ; defender ; vindicator. Locke, 

4. One who has donation of ecclefiaftical 

PATRONAGE./, [from patrcn,} 

I. Support J proteSion. Sidney* Creech, 
.. Ik. Cu^rdiaAfliip of faints* ' Mdijon, 

3« Donation of a benefice | right of con* 
ferring a benefice. 

To PATRONAGE. «. «. [from the noun.] 
To patronife ; to prote£^. Sbakejpeare, 

PATRO^NAL. a. [from paironus, Latin.] 
Protedingj fupportingj guarding; defen4- 
ing. Brown. 

PATRONESS. /. [feminine of patron,} 
X. A female that defends, countenances or 
fupporU. Fairfax, 

s. A feniale guardian fiunt. 

To PATRONISE, v. a, [from patron.} To 
proted J to fupport j to defend $ to coun- 
tenance. ■ Bacon, 

PATRONY'MICK. /. [ narfon>uifLk^ } 
Name~expreffin^ the name of the father or , 
anceftor. Broome. 

PA'TTEN of a pillar, f. Its bafe. 


PATTEN. /. [patin, French.] A ihoe ^f 
wood with an iron ring, worn under the 
common ihoe by w«men« ^mden, 

PATTENMAKER, /. [patten 2nd maker^ 
He that makes pattens. 

To PATTER, V, n. [from patfe^ Fr. the 
f9ot.] To. make a noiie like the quick ftept 
of many feet. . J>ryden. 

PATTERN./, [patron, Fr^ftchj patroon,' 

I. The^original piopoffd tp imitation; the 
archetype } that which ic to be copied. 

Hook^, Grfw, Robert* 
a. A fpecimen; a part ihown as a farnp^ 
of the reft. . Sviift, 

3. An inftance ; an example. Hooker, 

4. Any thing cut out in paper to dired the 
, cutting of cloth. 

To PA'TTERN, v, a, [fatronner, French.] 

X. To make in imitation of fomething^ 

- to copy. Shakefpear&, 

%. To ferve as an example to be followeih 


PA'VAN.7 / A kind of light tripping 

PA'VIN. I dance. Ainfwortb, 

PAU'CJLpQUY. /. [paucilofuium, Latin, j 

Sparing ahd rare fpeech. 
PA'UaTY. / [paucitas, Latin.) 

I. Fewnefi; fmallnefs of number* Boyle, 
%. Smallnefs of quantity. firo^n. 

To PAVE. V. a. [pawio, LItin.] 

I. To lay with brick or ftone; to f)oor 

with ftone. Skakefpeare, 

a. To make a palTage e^fy* Bacon, 

PA'VEMENT. /. [ pavtmentum, Latin. ] 

Stones or bricl^s laid on the ground ; ftone 

floor. j^ddtfon, 

PA'VER. 7 /. [(rompa^e.} Onewholaya 

PA'VIER. ? wiTh'ft'ones. Gay, 

PAVl'LION. /. [pavilion, French.] A tent j 

a temporary or moveable houfe. Sandvt* 

To PAVl'LIpN. V. a, [from the neun.] 

f, ^To fumifti with tents. Milton, 

a. To be (heltered by a tent. . . 

4 T » PAUNCH. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

Launch, f. [panje, Fr. paMlx, Latin.] 
- The belly ; the xegion cd tte guts. Bacon^ 
To PAUNCH, V. a. [from the aovn J To 
piei^ce or rip ^ belly ^ to excnterate. 

PAU'PER; /* t^tln.] A poor pctfoii. 
PAUSE. /» iffoufa, low Latip; «rftv«.] 

• I. A flop : a place or time of intermiiion. 

ft. Solpenfe ; ^«l>t. Bhakefptare* 

• J. Break j parapraph j apparent feptra- 
tion of the pans of a difcpuiie. 

4. Place of fufpending the voice aoarkcd io 

5. A ftop or intermiflion in mufick. 
To PAUSE. v.». 

1, To wait; to ftopj not t0 proceed 5 
to forbear for a time. Mikcm^ 

8. To delitiierate. I^Ues, 

3. To bcLintcrmitted. Ttckdl, 

PAU'SER.y ffrom /«»/*.] He who paufes ; 

' he who ddiberttei. Sbakejpeart, 

?AW.f. Ipawiih Welfli.] 

X. Xht loot of> b^ of ftty. Mfrl, 

•*. Hand« Vryden* 

»f 6 PAW. V. #. (£ro« the ikxin.] To draw 
the fone foot along the ground. Tape. 

ToPAW. v.<^. 

• t. ToMke with a draught of die fore 
foot. TuktU. 
». To handle roughly, 

3. To fawn I to flitter. Jfiufwirtb. 

FAWN, ^r [/4W«/,'Dutchj ^fl», French.] 

1, 'Something given to ple^e ae a^cority 
^ ibr money borrowed «r promife made. 

2, The ftate of being pledged, ^hahjpmre, 

3 , A common man at chefs, jiiifitfortb, 
|>A'WED. ^. [from/4w.3 

X. Having paws. 

2. Broad-footed. AtnfwiHh, 
To PAWN. «. tf. ffrom the noon.] Io 

pledge ; to give in pledge. Sbakejpeare, 
PA'WNBRQICER. /. f>^» iWd ^roit^r.) 

One who lends money u(}on pledge, jirbtitb^ 
5*0 PAY. V. <i. [paiery French.] 

I. To ^ifcharge a debt. Dryden, 

ft. Todifmifsone to\rbom any thing is 
' due with his money. 

3. To atone j to xntke am^i^ds by fuffer- 
ing. ■ Rofccmmon* 

4. To beat. Sbaiefpmre. 
■ 5. To reward ; tp recompenie. Dryden, 

• ^. To give the equivalent for any thing 
bought. tockl. 

fAY,f, [from the v^rb.] Wages; hirej 
money given in return for leryice, ^hnple, 
f A'YABLE. 0. ipMtabU, French.] 

1. Due } to b^ paid, Bacon, 

2. $uch as there is power to pay. Stmfh* 
f A'YDAy.y. [pa^ and i%.] Day on whici 

||el>ts jire to t>e difci^arged Or wa^s paidl 


PA'YEK. /• Ipaieur^ French.] One that 
pays." \ ■■ • . 

PA'YMASTER. /. \fay and m^.] One 
who is to pay^ i>iie nom whom vagMor 
reward is received. Tin/w. 

PAYMENT. /. [from ^*yj 
I. The a£t of paying. 
ft. Hie difi:bai[ge of debt or promUe. 

3* A reward. Smtk* 

4. Chaftiiement; found -beatiiig. ./hfat^ 

To PAYSE, V. «, [ufed by Sptnjer for/wi/*. J 
To balance. 

pA'YSER./, [for ^o«/#r.] pne that weighl. 

PEAi /. [pjfiim* Mtia; pipi^ Saxon.] A 
plant. The fpecies are Hxteen. 

PEACE, jr. [paiXf French j ^, Latiii,] • 
r. R^fpite from war. JidiJkfon, 

^• Quiet A^m fuits ordiAorbaoces. D4^ieu 

3. Reft from any ^ommotiofr. 

4. Stilnefs from riots or tumults. 

5. Rcconciliation'ofdiflereoces. J/Mai* 

0. A ftate not hoftile. Sacau 

7. Reft; quiet; content; ^edom horn 
terrour; heavenly reft. ^tiktjw* 

8. Silence; iwppfefiiiMi of the thoughtv 


PEACE. inHrjt£ii0$, A word coifomaiidiDg 

filence. Cra^^MU 

PEA'CE OFFERING. /. Xftm* and'#r.] 

Among the Jews, a facrince or gift offered 

to God for atisnement and reoonciliaticii 

for » crime or oftence. Ltrnit'tw* 

PEAfCEABLE. «. [fii>m fufu^l 

X, Free itom war ; (iree from tumult. 

ft. Quiet ; undifturbcd. 5/xi^. 

3. Notviplent; not bloody. Halt* 

4. Not qoarreKbmej not turbulent. 

PEA'^CEAfiiLENESS. /. [from feac$ahUt\ 
Quietnefs ; difpofition to peace. Hamnma, 

PEACEABLY, sd. [fwrn pfMcesb)e.J 
J. Without war; witHout tumult. Swfi* 

1. Without difturbance. Sbahjjbm, 
PEA'CEFUL. £. [piattiMfaUJ 

' I. Quiet; notinSvar, prjitn, 

ft. PacHIek; milfl. Viydn* 

3. Undij^rbed ; ftiU ; iecure. fvpu 

fEA'CEFULLY. 4</. [from^«K<^.J 

Z. Quietly; without difturbance. Drydm* 

ft. Mildly ; gently. 
PEA^CEj^ULNeSS. /. [ Irom peanfid,} 

Quiet : freedom &om difturhance. 
PEACEMAKER. /. [peacr and maku^.] 

One who reconciles differences. Sbah^ttfri^ 
P£AC]^t>A'RT£D. s\ [peace and patted.] 

Dffmi^d from the yrorld iOh-peace. 

PEACH. /. [pejcbe, French] A rtfundHh 

flcfhy /rtit, haiHng a longitudinal iftirrow^ 
■ snclofiiig a lough rugged fione. MflHr» 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

P E A 


1*0 P£ACH, V. n, [corropted from imMoc^.] 

^IM-J vOf a colour like a peach. Sbakijfeare, 
PZA'^igiCj; £>w,aflld (i&i<*J 1*ficJMC. 

,PMA'COCK./. A fowl eminent for the 
i«a»|y qf^ feafhi^ts, .msd p at ftkn ^plircpf 

^. Xt^fop of f|,4^^1 QfHBml^sfOCe. Prior, 
It. .A^ tli|ignq!?ijp*«med. . 
$.^The rifing forepart of a had<dtc;(s« 

^. ^o lo0^ fickly. . fifui^tare, 

%, To nu^crc « .meim %ii«i to iipipit. 


f|^. /. |A.ffii^ce$ofiQf2piid&g9m»s: 19; 
of.boljfy thufiderj cfimoa*. UfK^rd, 

T<>.PEAl,. vrar. |from theiJoiin.) To ploy 

. if^9m^ and JiA«4^ itdQ/ron, 

Tp JPEAL. iv, tf . To affail with jioife. 


P£AJ^. /. \^\re, French.] A fruit mere 
f r94uced tfiward .^- footfta^ itb^ tt^e 
apple, but is hohbwed Jike a joaviel at the 
ia%x^Bat igKt, Xhe/peqes are e^hty four. 

PJUJU.. /. ,f>tfr4f, f reach ; ^unla, SpaaiA.] 
jK^ffTi^ t|io«^ eftei^ined.of -the Mium^fir of 
gans> are but fi diilea^per In the cr^ttire 
that produc<^ thpm: T^e £^ in which 
l^r/s are mf^ fn^ueptJy foH^id is^the 
oyfter. The true ihape of the^tfiir/ it a 
pede& ^O^MvI $ bj^r fome of a confidecable 
%te are of the fhape of a pear : their c()lour 
^^Slit to bjB a .pur(^ dear and brilliant 

«AWh/. [*tt/ig«,, LatJ Awhitcfpeck 
or film growing on the eye. 

^£A^L£D. a, [from fcarW^ Adflirned or 
^ ^th peaaU. ^tcn* 

fl^U^YED.a, [pearl amde^e.} Having 
.fipeckin theeye^ 


PBA'RLPtANT. £ /. Plaat?. 


^U'KLY. a. [fromfftw/.] 
i* Abovndiog with pearlf } containing 
fearls. IVofidt^rd. 

%> Kefeml^ing pearls. Drayton, 

i^ARMAVN,/. An apple. Mtnwur. 

PBA'RTREE. /. [/w and lr«e.] The tree 
that bears pears. ^^on, 

fEA'&ANT. /. f/itf»/«w»/, Fr.] A hind 5 
ttfit whofe buHnefs is rural labour* Spgfifer, 

^tA'SAHTKY. /. PteaOmtc} mfticks^ 
country people. l^cke, 

HAf^COO, 7 /. [f§i, ecdtmijh&.'] The 

^A'SHELL. \ hulk that cootatm peaK 

IBASE./. Fpodfifpealb. T^fr. 

PEAT, /. A fperies of rurf uied for fire. 

PEAT. /, [frpm/«/V, Tr.] A little fond- 
iino^ ^,darlif)g i ^ d(sar pl^MhiiM;. D^imr. 

PE'BBLE. I /. £piiWp«ani^ Sjut.l 

PFBBLE3XQHE. S nA.fione diftin^ iram 
^ts, being not in ka^ms, but iiMMic h9mo- 
geneous mafs. Sifh9m 

P^Mi;.£.CiUrSXAL. /. >Cryi(lal in .|brm 
of modules. - ff^oodwanl^ 

PWWim.if.iSfom^U,i %iiikI«]or 
.abounding with pebbles. Thmfo», 

P£/BfiJUy.^ [^bmp^hk.l f sU of,pel|^9. 

MCSCABFLITY. /, [from peccahle.} Slate 
of beiiM; £»ijeift to )fift. £>«rAr cfPim. 

^JP^CCABLE. 4. [from /«r^ Ut.J ind- 
dont to fyi. 

PECCADI'UP. /. tSpaniAj ffc^m, 
^ceficb.] A petty fault) a flight crime | 
a xenial offence, j^erkurym 

PE'CCANCY./. Ihompeccant.l Bad^int- 

WE'€CANT. a. [f^cant, Frendh.J 

i. <>uijty^ onminal. ^a«^. 

9. Ill diipofed ^ corrupt I bad { ofienfive to 
^hcbody. Jrhuthm. 

g. Wrong; hadj ^deficient ^ unfomwiU 

F£CK. /. Ifnm pocca, Saxon.] 

«. The fourfih part of a bufliel. Hudihras. 

ft. ProvprbiaUy. [In lowJanguage.J A 

great deal. ^ueAJtng. 

ToJPEqK, 4/. ^. [^wr, French i fkkm, 


I. To ftrike with the beak asa:Urd. 

a. To pick ^piood w^th the btak. Mdifon. 

3. To jrilie with any ^pointed inihnment* 


4. To ftrijfce J ito ?ftakf bk)ws, Somtb. 
PE'CKER. /. [from^fA.] 

1. Oneth^petiks. 

A. A kind of bird : as, the ytofni'ftcker, 
BE'CKLED. tf. [coimpted from ffeck/ed.} 

Spotted ; ^varied with fpots. fVakoo, 

PECTI'NAL./. [inmpeafp^ Lat. a comb.] 

There are fifties as peffinab, fuch as have 

^beir bones madelattrally Uke a com^. 

PE'CTINAT^D. a. [from /e£F«f, Latin.] 

Formed lijfie a comb. Brown, 

PECTINA'TION. /, The ftate of being 

pectinated; , Brown, 

PB'CTORaL. 4r. rfrom peaoralis, Latin.] 

Belonging to the breaft. JFifeman, 

PE'CTORAL. /. [peaorale, Lat. peaoral, 

French,] A hreaft plate. 
PECU'L ATE. 7 /. [piculam, Lzt.Uatlaf, 
PECULA'TiOW.J Frendi.] Robbery of 

the publick ; theft ef publick money. 
PECULA^TOK* /. [LatiB.] Robber of the 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

P E D 

P E E 

PECUXIAR. tf. ipetuUaris, from peeuSum, 


J. Appropriate ; belonging to any one with 

czclufioo of others. 

%. Not common to other things. 

3. Particular; fingle. - B/Hhou^ 


I, The property 5 the exclufire property, 


s. Something abfcinded from the ordinary 

jurifdi^ion. Carew, 

PECULIA'RITY. f. [i^m feemliar.} Par- 
• ticalarity \ fometbing found only in one. 

PECU'LIARLY. ad. [ftom peculhr.'] 

I, Particularly { fingly. Wtoi^ard* 

at In a manner not common to others. 
. PECU'NIARY. tf. [peeuniarhi, Lat.] 

J 4 Relating to money. Brown. 

%, Confifting of money. Bacon. 


X. A fmall packfaddle. Tujir. 

a. A baflcet ; a hamper. Spenfer. 

PEDACO^GICAL, a. [from pedagogui,] 

Suiting or belonging to a fchoolmafter. 
PFDAGOGVE./. [irai»«7^}^cO One who 

teaches boyi j a fchoolma^er $ a pedant. 

^ Dryden, 

To PET)AGOGUE. v. a. {naaaymyim,} 

To teach with fupercilioofnefs. Triors 

PFDAGOGY./. [«r«i>«y«>i«.] Thcmaf-. 

terfliip; difcipline. South, 

PE'DAU a, (jtedaiis, Latin.] Belonging to 

a foot. 
PE'DALS. /. [pedarts, Lat. ptdalis, Fr.] 

The large pipes of an organ. Diff, 

PEDA^NEOUS. a. [podaneus, Ut.] Go- 
ing on foot. 
PE'DANT../. [pedant, French.] 

1. A fchoolmafter. Dryden, 

2. A man vain of low knowledge. S^vift* 
PEDA'NTICK. la.[pedanteffB€,¥T.from 
PEDA'NTICAL. $ pedant.} Awkwardly 

oftentatioos of learning. Hajward, 

PEDA'NTICALLY. tf</. [frtim pedantical.} 
With awkvrard oftentation of literature. 


PE'DANTRY. /. jj>edanter'te,Tr,} Awk- 
ward oftentation ofneedlefs learning. 

Brown. O/wley, 

To PE'DDLE. V. ». To be bufy about 
• trifles. Atnfworth. 

PEDERE'RO. /. [pedreroy Spanifh.J A 
fmall cannon nfanaged by a Iwivel. It is 
frequently written paterero, 

PE'D^STAL. /. [piedftal, French.] The 
lower member of a pillar \ the bafis of a 
ftatue. Dryden, 

PBDE'STRIOUS. a. [pedeJhU, Lat.] Not 
winged j going on foot. Brown, 

PENDICLE. /. [from pedis, Lat. pedicuU, 
French.] The footftaUc, thatby whi?h a 
luS or fruit is fixed to the tree* Bacon, 

PEDI'CITLAR. *. [>fiirrtr/tfrM,^Lat,] Hav- 
ing the phthyriafis or loufy diftemper. 


PE'IMGREE. /. [pere and degr/, Skinner,] 

Genealogy j lineage ; -account of deicent. 

" ' Camden, 

PEDIMENT. /. Ipedh, Ladn.} it archi* 
texture, an ornament that .crQWnt the or- 
donAinces^ finiflies the fronts of boildingi, 
• and ferves as a dedoration Over ^jtM, Di8. 

PE'DLER. /. One who traveb the conntiy 
with ffanll dommodities. ' 'ShMkefheart, 

PE'DLERY. /. [from pedler.-] Wires loli 
by pedlers. " Smifi. 

PEDDLING, a. Petty dealing; fuch as 
pedlershave. Dtcay of Piety, 

PE'DOBAPTISM./. [«^S^ and 0Mt(rf»a.] 
Infant baptifm. 

PET>OBAPTIST./. Iwdihf and^<3««9if«V] 
One that holds or praf^ifcs infant baptifm. 

To PEEL. V, a, [pekr, Fr. from pel/is, Lat] 
X. To decorticate ; to flay. Sbmkejpeart. 
2, [From pilter, Fr. to rob.] To -plunder* 
According to analogy this ftioold be writtea 
pin. Mihk, 

PEEL. /. [fnittst Latb.] The (kin or tbia 
rind of any thing. 

PEEL. /. [paelUy French.] AVfoadthin 
board with a long handle, nfed by bikm 
to put their bread in and out^ftlsl Ofea. 

PEE'LER. /. [from put.} ^ ' > 

1. One who ftrips or flays. 

2. A robber; a plunderer. 'buffer, 
ToPEEP. w. «. 

X. To make the flrft appearance.' Spenfer* 

%. To look Ally, clofcly or cortoofly. 

Spenfer, UeavelaitdJ Drvden, 
PEEP./. ' 

I. Firft appearance: as^ at the ^a^ and 

flrft break of day. 

s. A fly look. Swifi. 

PEE'PER./. Young chickens juft breaking 

thefliell. - Bramfieai. 

PEE'PHOLE. 7 /. l^eep and Me.] 

PEE^PINGHOLE. X Hole through whkh 

one may look without being difcovered. 

PEER./, \pair, French.] 

I. Eqoai ; one of the iame rank. Daviet. 

%. One equal in excellence or endowmenti. 
4 Dryiem. 

3. Companion; fellow. Ben.Johnjen. 

4. A nobleman t of nobility we have five 
degrees, who are all neverthelefs ctlled 
peertf becaufe their eflential privileges aie 
the fame. Dryitn. 

To PBER« nf, n, [By contra£Hon from tp* 


I. To come juft in flght. Ben, Jobnfin. 

%. To look narrowly ; to pe^ Sidaejf. 
PEE'RAGEi/. Ipairie, Fr, horn peer.] 

i.' The dignity of a peer» ' - Smi/i* 

a. ThebodyofpeciS. ' DrtJen, 

^ PE'ER- 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



PBE^DOM.y. [ftompter.] Peerage. 

" "^ Ainfvforti, 

PEE'RBSS. /. [female of peer.] The lady 
of a peer; a womao ennobled. 

PEERLESS, at [fiom /mt.J Unequalled $ 
having no peer. MClfn, 

i>EE'llLESSNESS./. [from ^ir^i. J Uni- 
▼erfil fuperioiity. 

PEEOrjSH. tf. Petulant; waf^j^afilj 
ofiended| irritable j hard to pkaie. 


PEEVISHLY. 4u/. [from ^«v^.] Angii- 
• ly; quenilouHy : morofely. Harward, 

PES^YISHNfiSS. /. [ftom >fMj^.1 Ira- 
fcibility; quernlottmat; mtfohieis; per* 
fttkniSk, JCtng Cbarki^ 

PEG. /. lt«ilh$i Teutonick.] 

• I. A piece of wood driven into a hole. 

' ' S^ift, 

!• The pint of an inftnimcnt in which the 
firingi art iteained. . Sbm^Jpeau. 

%* *ro lake a PxG lower. To deprefs ; to 
link. " ' . ' HitMrui. 

4* The nickname of Margarets 

ToPEG. v.«. Tofdknwithmpe§.. 

. E'velyn, 

HLP. f. [In low Latin; ^a.^ Money; 
riches. Sii^. Swift, 

n'LlCAXJ. f. IfebcoMUs, lowLat.} There, 
are two'wrti offeHeatui one lives vpon 
€(h; the othei; keept in it£tn$, and feeds 
upon ferpontii t the felioin. is ibppoftd. to . 
admit its youac to fuck bldod' ^m* its 
bteaft - ^ • . * '< ' f 

PALLET. / [fhm^, Lat./a&r^ Pr. 
I. A-iittle ball. SaaJ 

a. A ballet ; a halt. Ray, 

PE'LLETBD. 4. {from feffet,'} Confiftiog 
oFbttlleti; :. SbtkAesre. 

PE'LUCLE. /. {ftllicuU, Latin.] 
I* A thm iUjw f ' ^ ' Sharp. 

a. It is often ufed for the film whadi ga- 
tbch upon Kqudon impregnated with ^t 
or other fubfiaoce, ^and evaporated by heat. 

PEaLITORY. f. [fariitaria, Lat.] An 
herb. Miller. 

PE'LLMELL. /. [pefie mJle^.Tu\ Con- 
fufedly ; tumultuoully ; one among ano- 
tber. MudibrMS, 

PELLS. /. [pettH, Lat.] Clerk of the /r//*, 
so officer belonging to the exchequer* who 
ent^s every teUer^s bill into a parchment 
loU called pellit acceptor urn, the roll of re- 
ceipti. i Bailey, . 

PELLU^CID. tf. [pel/ttcidus, Latio.] Clear 3 
traoiparcnt I not opake; not dark. 

s Newton. 

PELLUCl'DITY. 7 /. [ from pellucid, ] 

P£LLU'CIDN£SS. S Tranfparency; dear. 
■ neft; not opacity. Keif, 

PELT./, [from pellis, LatinJ 
1. Slun; hide« Srewu* 

2. The quarry of a hawk all torn. 

PELT.MONOER. / [peflio, Lat. pdt and 

monger,'] A dealer in raw hides. 
To PELT. If. a. [pobim, German, SkJMnkr.J 
X. To ftrike with fomething thrown. 


%. To throw ; to caft. Dryden. 

PE'LTING. a. This word, in Sbake^eare, 

fignifies pahry ; pitiful. 
PE'LVIS. f, I Latin.] The lower part of 

PEN. /. f^enna, Latin.] 
, X. An inftmment of wiriting. • Dryden* 
. 2. Feather. Spenfer. 

3. Wing. idiltoH* 
4* [From pennan, Saxon.] A fmall in- 
domre ; a coop. UEfrange.', 

To PEN. V. a, [pennan and pmban. Sax.] 
. X. To coop; to ihut up; to incage; to 
' ifflprifoh in a narrow place. . ' Bacon^l 

. a, [From the noun.] To wdte. Digby, 
PE'NAL. a. [fertalt Fr. from poena, Latin.]! 
. X. Denouncing pvniihmcnt ; ena^ing pa- 
niihm'ent. - ./ South,\ 

%, Ufed for tlie purpofcs of puniihinent ; 
vindi£tive. MiltoUm 

PJE'NALTY. 7 C [Uom' penaRt/, old • 
PENALITY. S French.] 
- I. Punilhmcnt; ceafure; judicial inflic- 
. tion. .Brown, 

%, Forfeiture upon non » pe r f or mi nce. 

PB'NNANC^/. [penence, old French. J In- ' 
ili^Hon either poblick or private, fuHeredi 
as.aa expreffion of repentance fctt fin. . ! 

PlNCE. /. The plural of /«wrjr. Jldaab. 
PE'NCIL./. [penicillum, Latin.] 
. X. A fmall broih of hair which painters dip 
in their colours. . Dryden. 

%, A black lead pen, with which cut to a : 
point they write without ink, JVatts. 

.3. Any ioftrument of writing without ink* 
To PE'NCIL. V. «. [from the noun J To 
. paint. Sbakejpeare, 

PE'NDANT, /. [fefidatit,. French.] 

X. A jewd hanging in the ear. P<fe, 

2. Any thing hanging by way of ornament. 


3. A penduluin. Obfolete* ^igiy* 
.4. A fmall flag in (hips. 

PE'NDENCE./. [from/*«^«o, Lat.] Slope- 
nefs; inclination. H^ttou. 

PE'NDENCY. /. [frompendeo, Lat.] Suf-' 
pence; delay of deci6on« Ayliffe. 

PE'NDENT. a, [pendens, Latin.] 

I. Hanging. Sbakefpeare, 

a. Jutting over. Sbakefpeare, 

3. Supported above the ground. Miiton, ; 

PE'NDING. /. [pendente lite, Lat.] Depend- 
ing: remaining yet undecided. Ayliffe, 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


t»fHSto)0'SITY. 7 /. (from penJuloiti.] 

H£fN£MqLOUSNBS8.5 XUeiteU'ofliaiig* 

ing; lufpeBfioh* Brawn f 

^HNOOLQUS. a, {psmkitta^ Lat*] ' EBmgA 

ing; mt.fipportBd-beloir* Ray* 

PJ£<HDULUM. /. [fendulus, ta^» pendule, 

Cr.} Any weight bimgtfa arttiat it tmy 

. ^nfiljE iiviflc^ b*ekwar^ an<h foHM^^ of 

wbicli the great la4v>is$ that itt ofbilktidns 

',4iesheayt^r6iniied tin equal timel* Ai^. 

PE'NEtRABLE. *. (penetrahU,. Pr. ^e- 

irabWs, Latin.J 

. 1^ Stfch as jnay be ipiefced^^fu^h » may 

. admit the entrance of another body. Dhdtn, 

•» Skfcepthre of moral or intelit^al im- 

- ptvflion; ' SbMpu»e, 

Bfi^TR^BrUTY. /. [fram famrihkij 

&ifteptil»tify of imprefifeii iiroai ahe^er' 

BE^NETRAIL. /. [fenetrtdh^ Ladn;]: In- 

^teriour paits. Rorvn. 

m^NETRAtlCY.jr. [froin^Me/yM«^}P«^ 

er of entering orpktehif^ 'R»f, 

Pi'HBTRANT. a. {ptnetrant^ JFr.VlIar. 

Jngtfae p«wtr tb^p^sRc or entef ^ ttfarp ; 

fabdfc. mkie. 

ToPEOfCTRATE. v. «. [|eii^«r Lottn^. 

ffcnetrery French.} 

yV Tot^cfoc; to cater bc3f«iid the fiir- 

Hce^^ to make way into a body. Abiabnot, 

2» Toaficft the moid. ' 

■'ji .To-reach the meaning. 
TaPE'KETRATE; t»; if.^ .T^mtkewa^ 
■ ■■ .£#dk. A^I(»(./. Ipnnraiimyftiittmk 

T« Tbe aa^ of entei^g into aiy body. ai&S^.t 

2. Mental entrance into any tbliigabftMfe. 

3. Aeutenefs ; fagacity. ■ Warn, 
PfNETRATIVE. «. [fm^ptnitrate,^ 

I. Piercing $ (harp; fubtile; ^ttttm, 

ft; Acute; fagacioul) difcermiig. Swift , 

3. Haviftgthe power to-im^e& the mind.- 


PE'NETHATIVENESS. /. {h^stti f^eaetra^ ■ 
rftr*.] The quality of being f>enttradve; 

PE'NOUm. /. lanfermagr/imicui, Latin.] 

• T. A^ird, though he be no higher than a 
large- goofe, yet h* weighs romethnes fix- 
tcen pounds. Orrso, 
a. A fruit very common in the Weft In- • 

• dies, of a {hai-p acid flaveur. Mi/kr, 
PENimUtA. /. [Latin ; fem info/a,] A 

piece of iand almoft furroundcd by the fea. 


PtNI'NSULATED. a. [from ptmnfuU.} 
Alnr.oft furrounded by water. 

PE'NITENCE. /. [ftevitentia^ Latin.] Re- 
pentance ; forrow for crimes ; contrition 
for fin, with amendment of life or change 
©t the affeflions. Dryden, 

P EN- 

PJ^IITENT. tf. Ipenittnt, Fr. ttnitemi 
JktMi*] RbpoftUMr; tmtAM^oriMftM- 
rowful for pft4l iraatg^affioni^ ftnd^ftffiihifidy 
tafabndift^iifd.. MUmu. 

PE^NttlENT. /. 

1; Oiio'i^tfowfttl f(^ fin* 

2. One under cenfures of tbe'^oliiiitch* but 
idaiittc(l't#^penttaii€fr. ..StOfUMfim* 

3. asti under ilbe^diir«<ttaMfa:dQiliMN^ 
PlNiTE'NTIAL. tf. [itwA penitence J] Ex- 

f»>cang §eftlteMe^< enjoiaedHis* i«Hffi«fC«« 

PXKlTE^NTIAt. /. [fUmitkiii^k'Xt, pm^' 
^mtit^ Tow Lati]i«}i: A bofbdiveaist^ilie 
degftes^of^nance. ^^* 

PENITE^NTIART-.y: [femkmeriTxttM^i 
(eemiUiikimrimt low LaiiAij . . 
■2'. One who prefcribet the rules and mea- 
fiate^ peiUMacti ■ . Ba^m* 

tk^^^MttsA^ one whftteiipeaoMM^rf 

. f 4 .Tbe i^ace where pennance ia en}i 
PE'NlTENTbVi^ [6wi^^wl»/«r#^J With 
repeolaaoe ^lawkbfiAififor fia>>i«)ll 
tniadii. - 
P^MKNO^I^. f, [pfm titf i9ir«^]* A^n^ 

nfed'ta cot pint* 
Pfi'NHANi/. [^alid«MH.;^ . 
<'V. OkM<%kopre£ifl«i thfr^aift^lwritinfh 
2« Aumuthoiir; 'aiwritaP. J^difin* 

ponlfaf|)lifi>t!^ fio«tr»w|ic»dm^oted ef 
the natural colour oft^eir leaTet-i*- A* 
^tat^ana^^t«ili^aMl^ ^ithMC tof . 

toewfwnon. Aheifoitxt' Svtyn* 

PE'NNANT./. lpemim,Wrtm9ki.} 
I. AiBkaiMg^eiifi||tt]or.eolattrt.> 

. a. A tackle for hoiftiog thin^ ooMf^* 

P£«liKAT£D. a* fpemtattu^liktmii ^ 
-T» WiAged* i (:-... 
. '%i Ptmuititdp . among bobmifi^ . are ifaofc 
. kavei 6f planH tkatfnrw-diffefily oneagainft 
another 9li tke ftme i^b or OiiClk^' as.tbdfe 
ofaihandwafnut-tree. ^»<)?« 

P«<KN^./. \imttkpen:i . . ^ 
X. A writer.. 

». A pencafe. jBnfwtrth, 

PE'hWrtESS. tt. [frbmr^ftmj^.} M0n«yka|. 

poor; Mrantinf mfotiey. 
PE'NNON. /. {penwm, Freacb^] A IfliaU 
-fla« or colour.. ^htth^etn, 

PE'NKY. /. plural penct. [penij, Stxoa.] 

1. A fniall coin, of which twelve makt a 
(hilling t a penny is the radical denomina- 
tion fiom which Englifli coin is numbered* 


2. Proverbially. Afmallfum. Sha\t^ 

3. Money in general. ' Dtydea, 
PE'NNYROYAL, orpndding^grfifi../. [fit- 

itgtuTHy Latin.] An herb. 
PE'NNV WEIGHT. / [penny and weigbt.'\ 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

V E-^ 


; A wd^t containiog twenty-font graint 
troy ii»etght« Arbuthnot, 

•fE'NNYWISE. a, [fenny and wifeA One 
who laves Cmalt fums at the hazard of larg- 
er. Bacon, 

PEIWyWORTH. /. \ penny VixiA wortb.'\ 
I. A9 inuch as is bought for a penny. 
3. Any purchafe ; any thing bought or fold 

. for money. Stattb, 

3. Something advantageoiifly bought; a 
purchaie- got for lefs than it is worth. 


4. A fmall quantity. • Stjaift, 
PE»NSIL^. 4. [penJiHf^ Latin.J 

I. Hanging ; Aifpcndedi • - ■ Baton. 

»* Supported above the ground. Prior, 

Pf'NSILENESS./. [iiom fenjile.] The ftate 

of haneing. 
raVSION./. f^sij^if, French.] An alio w- 
' ance made to any one Without an equiva- 
I knt'. Addijon, 

ToPE'NSION., [from the noun.l To 
fupport by an arbitrary allowance, Aadifon, 
PFNSIONARY. tf. [/>*;t^«w/><, French.] 
Maintained by penfions. Donne, 

PE'NSIONER. /. (from penjton,'] 
I. One who is fupported by an allowance 
paid at the will of another ; » dependant. 


li A flaveof iftate hired by » ftlpend to obey 

I hislnafter. Pope, 

PE'^'SI.VE. a. [penjif, ft, pen)ho, IlaHan.rj 

I. Sorrowfully thoughtful } forrowful ; 

fflOornfoUy fcrious. Pope, 

1 a. It is gener^^>ly and^roperly tifed of pcr- 

ibns. - Prior. 

PE'NSlVEtV. ad, [from penfiue.'] With 

melancholy ;■ forrowfully. Spenfer, 

PE'NSIVENESSv / \itom pe-five.1 Melan- 

choly ;.fi)rrowfulne(s. ^ Hooker, 

•PENT. part. pail', oi pen. Shut up. MUton. 

* PEKTCA'PSULAR. a. (wi»7i and capfti^ 

iar.] Having five cavities. 

PE'NTACHORD. fl. [wWi and x^'pW] An 

inftrument with five Itiincs.' 

PENTAE'DROUS. a, [ wivk and i^a.! 

Having five fides. Woodward, 

PE'NTAGON. /. f vivli and ym'^.l A fi- 

gore with five angles. Wotton, 

PENTA'GONAL. a, [from/^/tftf^o«.]Quin- 

quangular; having five angles. fVoodward. 

PBNTA'METER. /. [ pentametrum, Lat.] 

ALatin verfc of five feet, Jiddijon, 

I PENTA'NGULAR. a. [wjv7i znA angular.] 

Five Cornered. Grett^ 

PaiTAPE'TALOUS. a. [viAt and petala, 

. Latin J .Having five petals,-. . 

PE'IJTaSPAST. a, f ir£>1i and o-ira«.] An 

. tn^e ^nth-five pullies IHff. 

PENTA'STICK. /. [witk and ^^x©*.] A 

compofition confifting of five verfes. 
I^E/NTASTYLE. /, firlrti and ^^K^tAJlA 

archUe^re^ t work in which are Hve foWt 

of columns. 
PE'NTATEUCH. /. [wiir?i and ti t^^oc J 

pentafenque, French.] The five books of 

Mofc?. Bentley^ 

PE'NTECOST. /. [ irnltKccn ; pentacofle, 

French.] A feaft among the Jews, 

PENTECO'STAL. a. [horn pentecoft,] Bfe* 

longing to Whitfuntide. Sander/on^ 

PE'NTHOUSE. f. [pent, frompente.Fr, and 

houfe.] A fhed hanging out aiiope tronS tht 
• main wall, ' Knotkt^ 

PE'NTICE, /. [pend'tce, Ittlitn.] A flopipg 

roof. Wottok, 

PE'NTILE. /. [pent and f/7r.] A tileformcd 

to cover the Hoping part of the roof. 

PENT up, part^ tf. [pent, from pen and ir^.J 

Shut up. SbakefykoPe, 

PENU'LriMA.f, [Latin.J ThebftiylhUe 

• but one. 

PENU'MBRA. /. [ ^*»e and ifwArtf, Latin.] 
An ixnperfe£l ihadow. Nenoton^ 

PENU'RIOUS. a, [from ^/»«ritf, Latin;] 
I. 'Niggardly 3 {paring) not liberal j \ox,'i 
dWlymean, Prhf^ 

«. Scant $ not plentiful. Addifin, 

PENU'RIOUSLY. dd. Ffrom penurious. J 
Sparingly} not plentifully. 

PENU'RIOUSNESS. •/. [ from penitrious, ^ 
Niggardlinefs ; parfimony. ' Addifin, 

PE'NURY. /, [penuria, Latin.] Poverty.} 
indigence. Hookei'^ 

PE'ONY. /. [paoniai Latin.] A flower. 


PE'dPLE. /. [peupie, Fr. popuhs, latin.] 
i; A nation ; tbofe- whocompofe a com- 
munity, ^bakefpeare. 

2. The vulgar JVdller, 

3. The commonalty { not the prtncet or 

4»' Perfons of a particular clafs. Bacon,. 

5. Men, or perfons in general. Arhutbttot. 
To PE'OPLEy tf\ a. [penpler, French.] -To. 

ftoclc with inhabitants, • Prior, 

PE^PASTICKS. /. [ *i«a«fltf.*] Medicrnet 

whith- are good to help the fawoefs of the 

f^omach and digeft cruditie.^. Difh 

PE'PPBR. /. [fipef, Lat. poivre, French!] 

We have three kinds of peppery the black, 

* the vkhite, and the long, which are three 
thflFerent fruits produced by three difiin^ 
plants; Tpoptfon, 

TdPE'PPER. ff.ei. [fremehehounij 
1. To fprinkle with pepper.- ^ 

a» -To btat j to mangle with (hot or blows. 
PE<PPERBOX./.^f>5^:^an*^wr.] A box 
for holdin? pepper. Sbakejpearc* 

PE^PPERCORNj /. f pepper znd corn,] Any 
. thmg of incoafi^n^abi* v^uvi 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 



.HE'PfERMINT./,{^,5^<raiidiw«ir.3Mint PERCEPTI'VITY. / lffom.hM>the.1 

^ ^ifl^jn^y ^0*' , The power of perception or t&Amm, ^ 

PE'PPERWORT. /. [pepper tnd wwjf. ] •* ' " '^ - *^- - - "^ 

A plant. 

sd, [par adwentwe. 

. . Miller. 

PE'PTICR. tf. [*iw7**cc.] What helpl di- 

geition, . Auiftvani), 

PERA'CUTE. a, [feracutui,\ziia,'\ Very 

fluroj very violent. 


X. Perhaps 5 maybe; by chance. J>*gl^» 

«.. Poubt5 ^ttciUon. Hbutb, 

To PERA'GRATE. [peragro, Ut. ] 

To waOdf r ov^. 
JPERAGRa'TION. /. [ from petograu. ] 

The zSt of paffiog though aay ^aie or 

ifpfKc Holder, 

Tp PERA'MBULATE. v. *. [peramhulo, 


!• To walk through. 

ft» To <Vrvey* by pai!in| tfaroogh. Da^^rgt. 
PIRAMBULA^TION, /. [from peramSw 

I • The ad of pacing throagh or wandering 

<>*«;• Bmcht, 

.. «. A tratrellifig fyrvey. Howel, 

P3B'ACASE. iw/. f/wrandftf/i.] Perchance; 
.ij.jJP*'*^P'» B0CM. 

PFRCfcANT, tf. f^fa«/»Ft.3 Pirrdoi; 

penetrati«g» . Spader. 

«RCgl'Vi^»Lfe. vtf. [from^c««e.J Pet- 

ceptible $ fuch as foils uadtr perception. 
. _ Locki. 

P^RCEFV'ABLY. ad^ {from perceivable.] 

la fidi mafldier at laay he obfbve4 tfr 
. kvown. 
To 1| RCfii'VE* x;, ». [ptrcipitf^ Latift.J 

I. To di£sov<Mri>y fonae feofi^ ef^e^s* 


a. To know ; to obfcrvc, Locke. 

. 1. To he ifte^aed by. Bacon. 

PERCEPTIBFLITV. /. [from perceptihic.] 

I. The^t<ofteii%«aol:^of thtfeafes 


a. Perception} the ^ower of peixreiving. 
!. Mc^e, 

I^ERCE'f TIBLE. ^> IperaptihU, Fr. p^ 

eeprus, latmm} Such At may be ]aiM/iH>t 

obferved. Jj^o*. 

PERCH./, {perm, iJatw.] Tht'per^hUh 
of the fiAesof pr^j h^ hit &Mk^ Qt 
hog back, which it armed with fttft' bntl^ 
«nd all his OaA »m«l With tHrck Nd 
fcales. ^4//e„. 

PERt^H. /. fpertics, Ut. perehe, Freni*.] 
1. A meafure of five yards and a halfj a 

%. (percbe, Fr.] Soiiliething on «f h^h oird> 
rocft or fit. Dryden, 

Tp PERCH, v.n. [fercber, Fr* fmm the 
noun.] To fit olr rPoft at ii bird. Spiiff, 

To PERCH. V. tf. To piace oh a pfcrcb. 

PERGHA'NCE. ad. [pir tnd chdnce.] !*»- 
haps J peradventore. /fWvff, 

PE^CHERS. /, Pari* <aiiWfes ufed ift EHf • 
land la ancient times; aUb the laiiger fort 
Of wax candles, which were ufually let op- 
oh the altar.- Ba^. 

PEftCl'PlfiNT. m. [percipient LSitin.] Per- 

ceividg I fa«vi)ig thte powtr ii ^|^eptiv«. 


PERCPPIENT* /. Ont thut h* thtepftWr 

^ ofpaxretvingk , GknmlU, 

PE'RCLO&E. f, [per ftUd d^.] ConaiWion j 

, taftpart. Rale'igb. 

To PE'RCOLATE. ^, a. [perwii^, lath.] 
To Arain. Hale* 

PfeRCOLA'TION. /. {from peraO^.] TIfe 
*ft of tl^raming 5 purificatioA or iep^ratioa 
by ftraining.' Jtijr, 

To PERCU'SS. v.«. [perctiffMt, Latih.] To 
ftrike. SAoitt 

PERCU'SSION. /. [pereuffib, Latfh,] 
X. The a£t of mriking; ftroke. Newton, 

2. Eflfcd df ibtrnd' in the ear* Rfmr^ 
PERGU^IEKt./. (/»-r«Wfm|Lat.] Strik- 
. iAt ; having the power to ftrikcv Bum. 
PERDl'TiON. /. [perdkJa, Ldtita.] 

f. Deftruaioa^ ruin; Selathi ^a^fpmre* 
z. Uk^ SMeJptiH, 

3. Eternal deaths Rib^* 
PB'ROUE. M Clofe; in ^buft. 

PE^DULO^S. tf. [from perdo^ Ut.] Ubt^ 
thWwn away. Bf%iMl. 

frleRCE'PTIBLY. M [from /y»«^,A&.J PE/RDURABLE;ii.f *erdk^Mf»Fr./«v&»^ 

to fuch a manner «t may be peMeiv««^. Latin.] LaHtiig; long continued. 

w ^^P'» Shdkilk^ 

nRQVfTlOU.j:[per4ept}M^FT.peff^ic, PE'RDURABLY. ad. [ft^An perthfaNe.] 

^"^J ^ , Laftingly. Sh^ki^tin. 

t. Thcpowcr of pfa-cfivMigj fciiowledgej PERDURA'TIOJJ. /. [ perditn>,^\.] Ltof 

rr^«.,/'-«r« ^at^ey. ^ continuarifcc. ^«wtot 

obfiarvatioiK FEBk'GAh. a. [Fienchi] Eqotl. Obfellte. 


*• The 9^ of, perceivii^ 

3. Notion; idea. Ha/e. 

4. The ftwe of heiAg. aaaeA ty fowref 
. tWng. Bacott. 
PERCE'PTIVfi. .r.f /^AjMu, Lat,] HiVtMg 

ti * power «f f ciceiidaii Giemville. 

To PE'REGRINATE* v. m {>»/rir*»/f 
. Lltin.] IVtra^eij'toliveinfdrtiltfPi** 
' tnet. ikB* 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 



latm.) Travel; abode in foreign ccH]n« 
- tries. JSentTey, 

PE'REGRINE. ». [fntfrrin, old Fr. peregri- 

nus, Latin. J Foreign; not native^ ^ot 

domeftick. $acfin. 

To P^^KEMPT. [feremptus, l^atij^.] 

TpkiJf; tocruih. Ahwterm. AyTtjft, 
PE'REMFTION. /. f peremptuSflaX. pdnmf^ 

tion^ Fr.J Crufh ; excin^ion. Law te^m. 

FIRE'MPTORILY. ad, [from. permptc^jfA 
Ab^lotely ; pofitively; fo as to cut offall 
fertbcr debate. Clare /^pn. 

PERE'MPTORINESS./. [from/frmr^orv.] 
Pofitivenef^; ablbhite deciiion ; dogmati^. 
reRE'MPTORY. a, [fermptor't^Sy, "few 
• Lat. peremptoifCf Fr.] Uogmatical j a^fo- 
lutej fuch as deflroys all /lirther expoftula- 
' tion. $9u$k* 

t£RE'NNlAL. a, [perennis, Uui?.] 
: i. Lafting throjigh. the year. Qf^^^ 

•±. Perpetual; i^nceafin^. Harvey* 

PERE'NNITY. /. Iftom peremifaj, LfitXn.] 
Equality of lafting through all ieafon^ ; pi»f« 
petuity. Durham, 

fe^RFECT, tf. [ferfeauA, Lati».] 
z. Complete; conlommate; flnidied; nei- 
ther defeflive nor redundant. Vooher, 

2. Fully informed ; fujly ikilfol. SJbfiJ^efp^ 

3. Pure; blamelefs; dear; immacu'ate. 

1^. Safe; out of danger. ^hakefy^t^e* 

ToPC'HFtGT, Iperfeausj (s;om per- 
Jkio, Latin.} 

1. To fifliu.; to co^i^ete;^ tQ ccM^Af^f^r 
mate; tobring to its.dMeftate. W^ikr* 

2. To make i£ilful ; to inftruift fullj, 

P;E'RPECTER. /. [itomperfia.lOi^ ijiit 

makes perfed. ^qpe, 

PERFE'CTION,/. [perfeSiio, hzt- perfe&jcn, 


1. The ftate of being perfeft. MUfpn. 

1. Soijnething that concurs to prodi|<t9 (v^ 

preme excellence, Rr^n, 

3. Attribute Of God. ^iff^tfy. 
To PERFE'CTION ATE. v.^. [pepfi^ipn. 

ner, French.] To make perfeft"; ^to ad- 
vance to perfe£lion. Pii»^f 

P^FE'CTIVE. a. [(tx>m perfia^;} Condu-' 
ciqg to bring to perfe^ion. ' ^y* 

PERFE'CTiyELY, ad. ffro^n, feff^ire^] 
in fuch a inanner as brin^^ to pect'e^ipi^. 

PE'^^FlfCTLY. ad. [frmpfrM*] 

' 1. In the hi|heft de^ee 9; e^ejlei;^^. 

S, Totally; completely, i^le, 

3. txa&ly^ aocurately. Lc^ 

frKficTi^t^S, f, Ifxqm ferfeO.} . 

I. Co/npletenefts. ' 

%^ Coodnefs ; virtuls. A fcriptaral* word. 



«. |x»8.^i>prallya4?plij?^ t;o!<w^tbat maj^ot 

a publiick eJ^hibitici^ of hls.ikUJ. 

To P]e8kFRI'CAtE. v, «. [perfnco, Lat.J 

* To rub over. UiB^ 

PEilFP'MATORY. tf- [^P»^{/«iW.J 

That which perfumes. 

P^JP^U'ME. /. [/Mr>«>8,Fwfl^h.] 

i. Stiong odour of fweetAefi ufed tp { 

fi^jsatno.o^Jiet thin^ 

%.. Sweet Qflour ; frig^^IJCe. i*^. 

To PERFU'jyiE. v,a. [from tb< noon J 

To fcent; to iimit^gaate with fwe^fce^t. 


trade is to fell things made, to gratify tb« 
fcent* AWr» 

PEkFU'NCTOIULV. f^ \^fiff,J^, 
.Xaliiu. J Carelefly ; negligently. 

PER.FV/NiCTp^iy.. a. [p}gfusia^ri^,lAf.) 

To PERFU'SE.[/)^f/«/«*,Latin.j Ttp 

ti^^yre: tooverfpri^ Uar^tty^ 

4 U » FB|l« 

Digitized by VjJOOQIC 


ferznd baf*"] Pcradvcn- 
, . Flatmatu Smith, 
i^idirri).'] Amulet ; charm 
Tvative againft difeafes or 
\. /. [ wegt and xajJi'a. J 
fs a thin membrane of a 
at refembles a purfe, and 
rt in its cavity, ^Incy, 
[. /, [pericarpe, Fr.J ^ In 
ie or thin membrane ea- 
Tuit ot grain of a plant. 

^ERICLITA'TION. /. [from periclitor, 
'h^tjj}eric/herf Fr.J 
I. The ftate of being in danger, 
%• Trial 5 experiment, ' ' 

PERICRA'NIUM. /. [from Trtpt and crani- 
um*] The perUr'aniunf i$ the membrane 
that covers the ikull, ^incy, 

FERI'CULOUS. tf. [periculofos, Latin.] 
' ]>angerous ^ jeopardous ^ ha;(ardous. 

PERI^'RGY. /. [m^l and leyov.] Needlefs 
caution }n an operation^ unnecefTary dill- 
^ gence. * , " " - 

PERIGE'E. 7 /. [vsot and >« j /^rJjf^^, 
PERIOEOJM.'S Fr.J Is a point in the 
heavens, wherein a planet is faid to be in 
^ its neareft diftance-pToffibJe frOm the earth*. 

• ' • ' Broivn, 
MRIHFLIUM; /. ltti^\ and fcXtoj.] Is that 
•' point of a planet's orbit, wherein it is 

neareft the Ian. Cb^ne\ 

PE'RIL.-/. [peril, Fr. ferihl, Dutch.] "^^ 

• J. Danger; hazard j jeopardy. Darnel. 
*"■ z, Denuncikion j danger denounced. " 

PE'RTLOUS. a:- [perikux, Yr. from peril.} 
J .' . Dangerous j hazardous j full or danger. 


• ^; It IS ufed by way of emphafis, or ludi- 
_ crous ejCaggcratioa of any thing bad. 

I : ' . - HuJfbras, 

••3, Smart 5 witty. 'Shakefpeare, 

n^KlLOV^VY. ad. [hpm perilous.] Uan- 

PE'RILOUSNESS./. [frfym perilous.] Dan- 
''' geroufnefs.' ' ^ 

PEWMETER. /". [wf^J and /uETfljtf ;' *^r/. 
** iKtffrtf, Fjr.] The compafs or fum of all the 

• fides which bound any figure of whit kind 
•' focyer, whether reftilihiear or mixed; ' 

P^'RIOD, /. ipertdJe, Fr. 9r£f^^ff.] ' 

^^ 1. A circuit^ ' 

•• ». Time in wljich any thing is perfortiiedj^ 
^ io as to begin again iix the fame manner. 


• 3. A ftated .numl)er of years ; a round of 
' iAmCf at the end of which the things com- 
' fT^fed within the calculation fliaUf return 

? E BL 

to the ftate in which tKey were at begb- 
nJng- Holder. 

^. The end or Gonclufion. Addifon. 

q. The ftate at which any thing termi- 
nates. * ' Suckling, 
6. Length of duraUon. BacoHf- 

• 7. A complete fentence from one full ftop 
to another. Ben, Jobnfon. 

To PE'RIOD. -t;, a. [from the noun.] To 
pjit an end to. A bad word. Shakefpeare, 

PERIO'DICK. la, [periodique,¥r. from 

PERIO'DICAL. \ period,] 
'\ Circular 5 making a circuit ; making a 
revolution.. Wattsi 

a. Happening bjr revolution at fome flated 
time. Bendy, 

3. Regular 5. .performing fome aftion at 
ftated times. Addifon. 

4. Relating to periods or revolutions. 

, Brown. 

PERIO'piCALLy. ad, [from pericdical.] 
. At ftited periods. Broome. 

PERI'pSTEUL. /. [ttb^] and cViov.J Att 
the bones are covered with a very fenfibje 
membrane, called the periojieum, Cbeynt. 

PERIPHERY. /. [wigUnd ^i{«.] Circum- 
ference. Harv^; 

To PERPPHRASE. -via, [pfripbrafer^ Fx.] 
To cxprefs one word by ipany j to exprpfe 

> by circumlocution. 

PERl'PHRASiS. /. [Tet^i^^aaiQ,\ (pircum- 
locution} ufe^of many words to expfcfs 
the fenfe of one. Brpwtt. ff^atts, 

PERtPHRA'STlCAL. <r. [from peripbra- 

' Jis,] Circumlocutory • expreffing the fenfe 
of one word in many. 

PERIPNEXJ'MONY. ' 7 /. [viil and <r»it/- 

PERIPt^EUMO'NIA. J /i4*y.] An inflajn- 
mation of the lungs. Arbuthnot. 

T6 PE'RISH.'i;. n, [perir, ¥r,pireo, Lat.] 

1. To die ; to be deftroyed j to be loft ; to 
come to nothing. Lockt^ 

2. To be in a perpetual ftate of decay, 

/ Locke, 

3. To be loft eternally. Mor'eipn. 
To PE'RISH. V. a. Ta deftroy 5' to dec?y. 

Not in ufe. Collier. 

PE'RISHABLE. a, [from peri/b,] Liahleto 
perifti 5 fubjefl to decay j ofifhort duration. 
~ Raltigk, 

PEOIISHABLENESS. /. [from perifiahk] 
Liablenefi to be deftroyed : liabJencls to dc' 
cay, . Locke, 

PERISTA'LTICK. a. [wEgjr6X>«; P^'^k^' 
iioue, Fr.] Periftaltick motion i« that vcr- 
' micular motion of the guts,-which i* i»><^' 
by the contraftion of the . fpiral fibfe'» 
whereby the excrements are preffcd down- 
wards and voided. Sluincy, 
PERISTE'RION./. The herb vervain. W^ 
PERISTOLE./. [terifiiU, Fr.] A circular 
wnje of pillars. ^ -^''^'*^' 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

P E R 


PB'RTSYSTOLE./. r«e? and irtfC»X»?0 Thtf 
paufe or interval betMrixt the two motiont 
of the heart or pulfe. Di&, 

PERITONE'UM. /. [ vM^ir^mn. ) Thii 
lies immediately under the mafcjks of the 

. lower beJJy^ and is a thin and (oSt mem* 
hxzae, which endofes all the bowels. * 


?VKJUKE,/. [p^rjurus, Lat.] A petjmed 
or torfwom.perfon. SbaJcfffeart, 

To PE'RJURE. V. *^ Iferjuro, Lwiii.J To 
forfwear^ to taint with peijury. 


PE'RJURER./. If rom perjure.} One that 
fwears-falfely. Sfntifer, 

PE'RjpRY./. [perjuriufn^Uit.} Ealfeoath. 

fl'^\VnG.J.[perruque,Vw'\ Adfcititi#ut 
hair ; hair not natural, worn- by way, of 
ornameAt or concealment of baldnefs. 

To PFRIWIG. y.a, [from the mounr) . To 

drefs in falfe hair. Hw'ift* 


J. A £mall ihell hih j % kind pf fiih (haU* . 

. Peacbam, 

«. A plant. •Bacon, 

To PERK. V, M, [from percb, Skitifur.} To 

hold up the head with an stSkOted bri&oefs. 

,> P(fe. 

To PERK. V, a, Tp direis i to pranjb. ^ 

PERK. if. Pert; bii/k|.airy, , Spn^. 
P£^R,LOlTS. a, [from periiQus,] Dangerous 5 
full of hazard. Sftnftt^ 

Pt'RMAGY. /. A little TurkiAbooV 
PE'RMANENCE. ">/. [itom ptrmanent.] 
PE'RMANENCY.J Duration 5 cjonfiftcir^ 
cy ; continuance in the iame ftate^ Hale, 
PE^RMANENT. a. (permanent, Yupetmat-' 
pens, Lat.} Durable 3 Qot-decayyig ; un- 
changed. Hooker, Drydeti, 
PE'RMANENTLY.tfii [from /rrw«»m») 
Durably; laftingly. Bcyle^ 
PERMA'NSION. /. [from ^n»w«P, Lat.] 
Continuance. . . , ' Brown, 
PE'RMEABLE. ^. [from permeo, Latin.J 
Such as may^ pafled through. iB<^le, 
PE!RME ANT* a, [permeans, Lat.J Paffing 
throughu • V , Brown, 
To PEOIMEATE. v, a, {>«wfl, Lat.] To 
pafs through. Woodward, 
PERME ACTION./, [horn permeaie.} Th? 

ad of paffing through. 1 

PERMPSCIBLE. a, [from /ermi/rw, Lat.] 

Such as may be mingled. 
PERMI'SSIBLE. a. \}ermifus, Lat,] What 

may be permitted. 
PERMISSION./. [permtJPon.Vt. permtffut, 
I«at.] Allowance ; grant of liberty. 

WRUX'SSIVE, >. lfrompimftt% Lat.J 

I. CcaiilSivOhert^tJiotlatour; not %{a»: 
deringy though not approving. Mi&m* 
a. Granted ; fuffeved wttfaoot hinderancc | 
' not authorifed or favoured. , AHhon* 

PERMPSStVELT. ad, [from pemiffi'ot.^ 
. By hare allowance : without hinderaneeUf/if« 
PERMr«STION. J. [pa^ijltts, Uu] The' 

aA of mixing. 
To PERMI'T. v.a, [permitio^lAUpermatrtf 
Fr;] - r : 

1. To allow without fcommand. hooktr* 

2. Tofuflrery without authorifing or '-ap*' 
. proving. 

3. To allow; to fufFer. Lodte^ 
4- To give up 5 to reitga. '• ' Dtydtui 

PERMPT. / A writtsn permiflWii from Aa 
. officer for tranfporting of goods from plaoe 
. to place, Ihowing the duty on theta to have 

been paid. 
PERMI'TTANCE. /. [from/^.J Al- 
■ ilowahcc ; \ forbearance of oppoiition % ptr- ; 

miiSon. . Dtebamu 

P£RMVXTION. /. [fromf0«ii/iri,] 

The ^€L of mingling ; the (bte of beiaf 

mingled. *" .* . Brettw^odL 

PERMUTATION./. [permiitatioM,¥r^p^^ 

' -mauitio, Lat. j Exchange of one for anothet* 

to PERMU'TE^ «i. «. [ptrnfif^htX. pi^ 
. muter f. Fr.] To exchange. 
PBRMU'TERi/.-^[^fn»MfiB«r, Fr. irmptt^' 

mute.l An exchanger; hewho pemattDi^ 
P£RN£C]{^/i^>«, Uu'per^ 

cieuXf Fr.] .•-«(. 

1. Mifduevoorin the higfaeft degrees 4e» 
ftruaive. SbakMem^ 

2. [Permxcbit,] Q^kk, WtibimZ 
PERNI^CIOUSLY^ a/, .(from perii'teHUtt,^ 

-Defttudively; mUchievouflyi raiflottflf. 

PERNI'CI0USNE«9. /. [from perutcioa^J 

The quality of being pernicious. 
PERNPCITY./. [from pemiac.} Swi^eA; 

celerity. Rm» 

PEROR A'TION. /. [peroraiic, Lat,] Th« 

conclufion of an oration. SMatt/ 

To PERPE^ND. V, a, [perpendo, Lat* J- .To 

weigh in the mind^; to conlider atteatfve- 

ly. Browiu 

PERPE'NDER./. [perpigne, Fr.] A coppinj 

(tone. '. ■ . . 

PE'RP^NDICLE. /. lperpendicure,'Frenc%i 

terpendiculum, Lat.] Any thing hanging 

down by a f^raight line. 
PERPENDPCULAR. a, [perpendicuIdrU,. 


S. eroding any other line at right angles* ' 

%, Cutting the homon at right angles. 

PERPENDPCULAR./. A linccroffing the 

hocjizon at right anglesj Woodwatd. 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 



lUPlNQFeVLAAIrV* "^ l&maprr^» 

s. In fuw a maaaer aa ta c^t anolber line 

at Mght angles. 

a. |iitfa«dbaa'^iidraiuightlifltiipaBd 

MRPE^eaClllLA'RITy./ [from ^4»y)«p.- 
dicmUrA The ftate of being veipendicukr. 

PERPE'NSiON./. [from/^/vW.] Confi- 

. tea^on» Brovtn, 

T^ PB'iy*BTRATB. v. cu [fer^trcy Lat.] 

To cocniDit I to a£l. Always in an ill icnfe. 

WRJPBTRATION./. {hfup ferpetxate.} 
I« l\k« aft of committi&f a ciimfi* 

a. A k»daa«»o. JCtpgCbflnks. 

riRPE'TUAL. «. [perpetuel, Ys. ftrpctutu, 

Lat 1 

.1^ ^c««»6c^g9 etaxaal witl^ la^ 

jt» tCiPintiana)[ \ WttftairrufM ^ peaeamaL 
. 5*, P«fctsal fcrew. A fcrew wkich a£ls 
~ «|aioll; die U0d^ ^ a wlQel» and cMtioues 
,- it%attaa withoiit end. HTiMim, 

MRPETUALLY/^. [from pertetmalA 
- Cpoftan|iy4 continually j inceflantly. 

Tfifl^n^ATS. ^a:ifarpetuer, Fr. 
p n ^tm , iat.] 

cxtindtion ; to eternise. . ■ . . > 

. ^ To c o a t M H K ^^ \Mithdm oegition or inter- 

« Xbft aA gf Aa^un^ perpetaiilV mceifiMit 

MRMTU'ITY./ [perpetuitMs^ Lat.l 
,J« lA»a^Qnia^ilfu<iit4t]r.. iio§ker.^ 

' %• Exemption firosQ intcnniffioa or ce^- 

tiMi; ii^i^. 

.' )» Sometliing of which there is no end. 

' South, 
T^ BBRPLEOC. ^. tf^ [/ci^pi/bnrx, Latin.} 
. t. f o diftucb .wf|h dottbt&l nocions; to 
entangle $ to makea^tioua^ •» t«aaa with 
. iiiljpenie or ambiguity j to diftra^. 

%, To make intricate ; to involve; to com- 
fiicalt. Ad^Jott, 

|» To i^agae ^ ta to^tnt ; to vex. 

tt9,ViViJX,,a.[p€rplnt^ Vuperplixut^Ut,j 
Intricate; difficult. QianviUe, 

PMPLE'J^DfcY. ad. {iftiOk ferfltxed.] 
. Intricately: with involution. 
P£B.PLrXEDN£9S.y: [fwoi ptrfltMd.y 
t» Embaraflinent ; anxiety* 
». Intricaay: involution: difficulty. 


P1R?LME*TV./ lp^hxit^,Vu] 
1. AasBSety; difivaltiofio^mind. Spei^, 
2.% Entanglement : intricacy. StilRnrjket, 

PBRP^-PA^QW./.'r^erand^fo, Ut.) 
Theaa of drinkini lafgaty* 

PC^^IS17£./. l^r^m/kus, Lat.] Some- 
thing gained by a place or etfee over and 
above the fettled wages. Addiftn, 

FBRQUKrTiOK. f. \ per^ui/fta, Lat,] Ao 
> aconato enquiry ; a thorou^ fearch. 

BUB^Y.J. [/««/,' F». hom/Hnre.] Cider 
- madeofpea^s. Mirtimer, 

To^ Pl^fttCUTE. V. a. [ferjecutery ¥r.,per^ 
fecutusy L^.] 

^. To harrafs with penalties; to pe^Aie 
with flMlii^ity. Jffi» 

». To perfue with repeated adls of ven- 

^ f eance or enmity^ Drydn* 

'< '3* To importunemnch. 

PERSBGU<TIO»./. lferfieutiMr,Wr,ferfe. 
tuikt Lat,] 
1. TbaaaorpraAoeef per^cutin^ 

t. The ftate of being ^erfecuted. Spratt, 

Pl^RSBCUTlDR. /, i:f>irftai'ttMr, Fr; from 
pirfrcute»] One who harralTes others with 
aMKinued malignity. Miboitu 

FIRlEVE'RAWeB. fi [ferfiveranc^ fr. 
ptrftveroiUia, Lat»} PerlMlance ia any dc- 
|ign or attempt ; fleadineis in. pj^rOtitu 
conAaiMy in progreiK King&arku 

mtk^VWBiAV^T. a, [ftrfiverant, lu 
ffii^eratu, Lat.] Perfif Ing ;. c^atopt., 

TfcWiJRSEVE'RE. tr. a. lf^fiverHU^,\ 
Toperilft in an'attertipt;^- npt togirejweri 
not ta (}<vt the defiuu W^ky 

I^i^SRVE'RINGLY. «</. [from ^rrjHwrf. J 
With perfeverance. 

To PIR^rST. 'O. n. [perfifio, fht. per/jlkr, 
Pr.J To perfevcre.; to continue firm? not 

• t«^giveovar! Souths 


1. Theihitex>fperfiiHng; fteadinffe; COB- 
• ftancyj per&^ranqc. in good or bad. 

GoveHtment of the TonffH* 
%. Obftinaor : obdnracy.; contumacy. 
" ' Sbakefpeare. 

PERSfSTIVE. 4., (from ^^,} $tcfd)'> 
not reccing fipom a porpoSe; pcncvctifl|. 

PB4RaONi. /. IpeffiMtie, Fr. ferfona, Ut.J 

1. Indjvidual or payticuh^. ip»a or ^"^ 

2. Man €»r woman cpnfidQ:ed. ^ oppjft^ ^ 
things. ' \ ^ 

3. Human beipg. ^Cjrv* 

4. Man or woman confidcrcd « P«f«P^ 
aftingorfuffering. Bbak^fean. 
5'. A general loofc K^x^a fv a i^^^T 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 



f « Exteriour appearance. SbakeAeare, 

8v Mahw««midi«tpf«eft«aiil1iS£Kt'<Ms 
di^ogue. Sdker, 

10. Chara£ler of ^oe. iSbwr^. 

If. [lB|tthmtiV.} TI^C i|ilifiiy of lAe 
noon rhat modiftet die ir^rbv StiMn, 

>£aiSONABI|Ei «v (it«lA ^t/o)>.] 

h HaDdTome; gramoi; of ^cfod api^ear- 
ante. HaJtigh-. 

%, [Inlaw.] Ot)e dill du.^ m^taft) iAy 
|i4ea ifa ajudiciiid court. 

l»ERS(yNAGE. /. [ferfoffage, Fr,] 

li A confiitehiWe peiTon ( a biaM^ Woman 
•ftminence. TSHnty» 

2. Extfetiettrv^^earaAfccj itl*; ^ztt^t, 

%. Cbarader atflTimied. "Md^i, 

4. C^ara^tar i^pi^fditeA, l?yo0lM^. 
f E^SONAL j^.{;/^c»««^,fh/w^0m, liat.] 

t. Belonging to men or womett, mt to 
thiilg%; Aofffealw Hotter, 

%% Aflfe^ing individuak or partioolar peo- 
ple ; peeuKvr; pVofiK^ \b liiln Or her^ VI- 
4^iMg to Q«e*t ^iyate at€HoiVi tor dkiiraAer. 

5. Prcfent; n*t ififtnig ^ rtjftfefttetfeivt. 

ifk Exteriourj corporal. 'AttSfon* 

5, { Ifi law.] ^Sne^hing tatof eaWe j 
TvMctbra^ apfteifaMt to this Jpeiftvi*. iD^ . 
€. [itt enMhm^J A ^icfiftl f ftf> is th'lt 
which has all the ni^Sfikia ttioMtcsttkM of 
llft^hi^p^Mfis^ v^ol^d 16 {hi^>M>hal 
that as onlV thfe l»ird. 

PERloi^A^lilTY. y. (Trtm J*>jfdtef.] thb 
exiftfefl^ orhidivTdutfmy of «Ay oMfe. I.dri(tf. 

K^^ONALLY. a^. [itoxt^ ftrjoml.\ 
I* in ^Aiilli^ IHi ptcfeMtef Hbt fcy re^re- 
**^ati\fc. Hooker, 

2. >Yl^f«fj^t6fln.MMa\]U5 |>»i^icti. 
^rly. BacoiL 

^ WiUi res^ard to numerical exiftrtiee* ^0, 


t. 'lV)*flpr«ftnt Ijy ft imit^Wi tV^ITilWftl 
chanOft, lb M'lOi^lbriiK pCrfoift ^re- 
^ted. Bacon. 

t. To ref^fetlt fey%ttioll or %i^^frhti^\ 
toaa. Cr^gbiw, 

|. to pretcnilty^^eritfwrfly, %mi thd ri- 
'«iprMli!^ttAiouti» ^^fi, 

%k To counterfeit j to f«igii« ^ktmt&ni^ 
S. iWremble. ^ht^b^re. 

f. to-UMllft^'niMftfKatlvt of, A1h>k:% 
tttKv Oitofitfb. ' ^Skif^ru 

> "^liele^ibe. Out of tflK 5MflJw»r«. 

PERSON ATIOK* /. \Mibi ^)»^.3 
»itat < i»f Hit%f #>ittNf>r |)trtbft% ^A^on, 

WRlONIFICA'riON./. Ur^m ttrmfi.'X 

I. ci^meft to thfc «An4i ^afinHii t* li« 
midbrihMd 3 iWtddin frodi MiSitfkity or s 

c^nge from a thing to a peribn. 


1^ A glafs tiir0»gh wbiek tkwgl are Vseir* 

S. Tike fcitfice b][#hicft thiii|l att Hfe||H 

in pi€hi^, accf»rding to their aj^peWaitde mi 

Hi^lr ttal fitrntion. AHifofu 

%% VitWj vlfto. ^/ri^ 

PE'RSPECTIVE. ir. Helal'mg «e the iH«occ 

«f virion) ^ptkk| optical. An^ 

PERSPICA'CIOUS. tf. If^/fkme^ httL} 

O^kkfighttd ) iliat^ df fight. ^rJEu 

PERSPiC A'GtOUSNESS. /. [fioln,pr.^-M- 

vlf^.] Quicknefs of (ight* Srvwtim 

^EASPICA'dty,/, Ifir^'ntck^ F^peh.] 

^ickft^fs of fight. Browum 

P€KSPl'ClfeNCE. /. [paffUm^ Lat«lu| 

Thfe aJEt df looktfil llNit)>ty. 
PE^RSPIGIL. /» [f€*fpk'tlhms hA\n,l A 

tltftie through which things are viewed ; an 
, o^tick|laft» tk^JtM. 

PER^ICU'lfy. /, {jmpmH/i Frv ft«aa 

'Ml tnWuH 

hi^\tjx iacke, 

' %b Tranfparencyi tnmflooency ; ^apha- 
neity. B^aML 

^mPVCVOV», A Xpef/pktmi^ J 

' J'. Tff nt^Mrt^t I dear ) ^h as ihzj b« 
Ifeeh through. PiUtitm, 

2. Cfeftr tto th)e'uflderAai«aiV«|^) M)t <•%• 
4tmt k nM aftobiglVious. Stek^an^ Spmtt, 

PefeSPl'CUOiySLY. *</. [lir«lh^>.Vj«Da».| 
CteaHyj ifot ebfcuretyi Afr0«, 

l»ERSP!*CUO»8*lfeSS. /. ffrbln ftrhim^ 
Mrs.] Cfaamefs^ <i«e4om <veii xiMcti* 

PERSPPRA'ftLC. ». [firoftiyw'j^ff^.] 

V. 8«M!h »B may be cteitted hy Oe ituTiMM 

pores. tSfmifn. 

%. P*r(\wr»ng^ emitting perfpiration. Bac. 
P£R8PfRA'TK)N./. [i^tn^tij^,] t)c» 

'^rtftro* by the cv^okr portb. jSM^ijMtt^ 
PERSPKRATIVE. «. rfrom/»/^|ji^] t^fer- 

RmiVing the «^<$f j^«flj>ftat2oii« 
ToPERSPPRB.^. fc. \;firjbi>% Ut] 

k>i 'f o fdtofti ttirtttixki % Hkt U'MUf 


*. To be excreted by the flcin. Arhutbmt, 
Tol»«RSTRPKr©£.v.te.fpe>^hf»ig», Mr J 

T^s^raxc upon j to glanjce upon, />/«, 
t>£R^UA^ABL1^. n. rirom ^Wl*.) 

StKh at may be peHuaded. - 

To PSRiUA'bE. %;. n. [ ^&lriy^ U^t 

«. ^ bring to any pa«lMlinr«|»i*i#*. 

^. To influence by argvtnent or expbHtAa- 
lim. iP^i«|^ liBlMI riHitf lip^iaAle 

. iiii^ but thia if apt alv^ayt-VtflimM.-lKKs. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



j. ToiiKiilcaft by argoineJiC or expoibla* 

tJofi/ Taylor. 

. 4« Totreatbyperfuaiiojt. Sbakefpeare, 

PERSUA'DER. /. £from perfuade,J One 

. WhoinAnencesby perfuafion; an unpcntu- 

. nate advifer. Bacon, 

r^RSUA'SIBLE. tf» [fterfusfibilU^ Lat. ^^r- 

: fiafibie,¥r,2 . To be inflocnccd by perfua- 

. >fon* Uovernpunt of tbeTomrue, 

.FERSUA'SIBLENESS./. [from/<r>^i5f.] 

. The quality of bdtig flexible by per£uafion. 

>ERSUA'SION. /. [perfasjhn, Fr. from 

ferfuajks, Lat.] 

1» The aft of perfuading 5 the aft of influ- 
encing by expoftulatfon ; the aft of gaining 
, erattempting, the paflions. Otway, 

9, The ftate of being perfuaded ; opinion. 
PERSUA'SIVE. tf. [perfuaJif.Yr. from 
perfuadeA Having the power of pecfuad- 
sng ; having influence on the pafllions. 


PERSUA'SIVELY. ad, [from perfuafive,} 

In liich a manner as to perfuade. Jnilton, 

PERSUA'SIVENESS. /. [from perfuafive.l 

Influence on the paflions* . Hammond, 

PERSUA'SORY. a, [perfuafiriui, Utin 5 

from perfuade,'} Having the power to pcr- 

;lbade» . . Brown, 

PERT.*. [^^Wclfh.] 

1. Lively ; briflc ; fmart. Milton, 

%. Saucy 5 petulant 5. with bold and garru- 

. lous loquacity. . CoUier, 

To PERTAIN. V. n. [pertlnto, Lat.] . To 

belong; to relate. . Hayward, Peacham, 

PERTEREBRA^ION"./ |;/»tfr and terebra^ 

e'to, Lat.] The di^ of boring through. 

PERTIN A'CIOUS. 1t:,\Srompertwax, LztiJ 

. u Obftinate j ftubborn j perverfely refo- 

lutc. fffalton^ 

%j. Refolute ; conftanC ; fteady* . South, 

WRTINA'CIOUSLV. a^. [from pertia^i- 

0US.J Obftinatclyj fl:ubbornly. 

King Charles, Ttllotfon, 
PERTINA'CITY. 7 /. [pertinada, 

FERTWA'CIOUSNESS. J Lat, irotaper- 
. fhacious.'] 
I. Obftinacy^ ftubbornnefs. Brown, 

«. Refolution; conftancy. 
PE'RTINACY. /. [ftomf€rfinax,tzt.J 

1. Obftinacy^ ftubbornnefs j, perf^ftcncy. 


2. Refolution'; iteadinefsj cqnfUncy. 

' Taj/or, 

PE^RTINENCE. ?/. [from /ifrH««), Lat.] 

PE'RTINENCY. S Juitncft of rcJatioa to 

fhjB matter in hsuid i propriety tQ thepnr- 

po^i appofiten^, Beutley, 

PE'RTINENT. a. Ipertinens, Lat. pertinent. 

s. Re 

kelatfd to the matter in hand } jnft to 
the purple { not ufoldl to thoend proppf- 

s. Rela^ng ; regardio| f cono6niif)|. . 

■ SWir. 

l*E'RTIKENTLY.«rf. [irwipertinentA Af 
pofitely-5 to the purpofe. *faylor, 

PE'RTINENTNESS. /. [from ftrtimt*] 
Appofitenefs. ^ Di8, 

PERTFNOENT. a, Iperiingem, Latin.] 
R^chingto; touching. 

PE'RTLY. ad, [from pert,} 

I. Briikly ) finartly. P»f€* 

s. Saucily; petulantly. Swiji, 

PE'RTNESS.Y. [from pert.^ 

I. Brifk folly ; faucineis ; petulance. 

a. Petty h'velineii ; fpritdinefs without 
force. ff^atts, 

PERTRA'NSIENT. *. Ipertranfiens, Ut.] 
. Pafling over* Diff, 

ToPERTP'RB. Iv, a. [pertirrho, 


I. Todifquiet; to difturb; ta deprive of 
tranquility t> Sandft, 

s. To disorder; to confufe*; to put out of 
regularity. Brevt, 

PERTURBA'TION. /. [perturhatio, Ut.] 

I . Difquiet of mind ; deprivation of traa- 

. quility. JJ^. 

.2. Reftleflfnefsef paffions. Sacoii, 

3. Difturbance ; diforder ; confufion ; 
commotion. Bam* 

4. Caufe of difquiet. Sbakefpeare» 

5. Commotion of paflions. Ben, Jobtifon, 
PERTURB A»TOUR./. [perturhator, Ut,] 

Raifer of commotions. 
PERTU'SED. a, [^/t«/»i, Lat.] Bored; 

punched ; ^pierced with holes. 
PERTU'SION./. [frompertufus, Lat.] 

I. The aft of piercing or punching. 

^ . Arbutbnot, 

2« Hole made by punching or piercing. 

To PERyAa>E.,i;, A [pfrvddo, Lat.] 

I. To pafs through an aperture ; to per- 

zneate. . . , ' Biacimre, 

%, To pafs through thewhple extcnfion. 


PEKVA'SIOIJ. f, [from pemtade^] The 

aft of pervading or paflling through. 

. Byfe, 
PE'R VERSE, a* J>ew«r», Fr. perv^fii, 


I. Diftorted from the right. ^Um» 

. s. Obflinate in the wrong ; ftubborn; an- 

traftable. Vtydfn, 

J. Petulant ; vexatiout, Sbakejftare. 

PERVE'RSELY. ad, [frompurvafi.) With ' 
. Intent to v^ ; peeviflily ; vexatioufljr ; 

ipitefully ; croisl^. < . Deuy ofFkty» 
PERVE'RSENESS, /, [from pisr^M 

I. PetuUmce; pecviihneft; fpitef ul crofl"- 

nefu J>f^ 

p» Perferfion } coiropto* Not in ufc 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 


J^ EX 

PBRVE'RSION. /. [perverfion^ Fr. from 
w^arver}k.'\ Theia^ .pf perverting y change 
. towarre.. ' . . Sxo'tfu 

PERVE'RSITY. /. [perv^fi/, Fr. from 
.**'ftf'verfe.'\ Perveneneft^ croflhefs. No/rh, 
T«i»£RVE'RT. -r a. [pft-verio^Xzt.]. 
•' X, To<ilAorefr(kn the true end pr purpofe: 

r'2. 'PacoiTttptj totucaffom the righto I 


PERVE'RTER. /. [from ptrvart^l 

.' t. .One that changes any thins froip gpod 

to'bad I a corrupter. So^h, 

2, One who^ dlAqrts any thing i from tht 

right purpofe. ^ullhgfif't, 

PERVE'RTIBLE.rf. {from/>fri/*r/,j Ttat 

may be cafiiy povii'ted. > ^Ipfivartb, 

PERVUCA'CIOUS. a. [pervicax, Latin.] 

■ Spitefully ohflinttc J pecvi/bly contumacit 
' 00$. • ; CUriJJ'a, 
PER7lCA'CIOUSLy. ad, [frwn per^Ua- 

cious,'\ , VTith fpiteful obtftinacy. 
PERVICA'CIOUSNESS. 7 /. [permcacia, 
PERVICA'CITY. [ Lat.] Spitc- 

PBRVICA^CY. ^ > fulobftinacy, 

PERVIOUS, tf. [perv'iui^ Lat.] 

1. Admitting, pati'a^e ^ capable of being 
. permeated. . * . *tayIor, 

2. Pervading^; permeating. Frhr^ 
PE'R VIOUSNESS./. [from pervious.] Qua- 

Kty of admitting a pa/Tage. -^^/rj 

PERU'KE. /. [peruqu<, Fr.] A cap. of 
f falfc hair ; a periwig, , i^ifiman'. 

To PERU'KE. V. i7. [from ihenoiyi. j To 

drefs in adfcititious hair. 
PERU'KEMAKER. /. [perpke and mher.] 

A OMkcr of perukes J a wigmaker. 
PERU'SAL. /. [from petyje ] The aa of 

reading. Atterhury^ 

To PERU' SE. v.m [per and«/kj 

J. To read. BAton» 

t. To obfcrve ; to examine. Sbakcfpeare, 
PERU'SER./. [from pcrufe.] A reader j 

examiner, U^oo(koareL 

PESA'DE. f. A motion a hoiie makes. 

Farrier's DiSi. 
PESSARY. /. [p^t-ie^ Fr.] Is an «b4 

long form of medicine, made to thruft uji 

into the uterus upon foroe extraufdinary 

occaiioQS. ^butbnot, 

PEST. /. [pejle, Fr. pcjiis, Lat.] 

1. Plague; peftiiencc. . - Pope^ 

2. Any thing miichievoM or deAru^ive. 

ir^ler. ' 
ToPE'STER. v.^. [pffter; Fr.] 

L To dfturhj Co perplex; to harrafs; 

to turmoil. Swf/t, 

t. To incumber-. - Milton, 

PE'STERER. /. \£rompeftcr.\ One that 

peftera or difturbs. 
PE'STEROJJS. Jt. [from/^/r.] Encum-» 

■ beringi cumbe])£3me« Bacan, 
PE'STHOUSE./. [from /i^;? and ^«/*.J An 


hoi^iUt' for perfons infe£led with the 
' plague. 
PESTi'FEROUS. a. [from pefiif^, Latin.] 

». Deilmaive; mirchievous. HbakefpeArei 
. Tt*. peililMttial^ malignant \ infedicvt. 

PE'STILENCE.^ fp^iUwf, Tr. p^mia^ 
Lat«] Plague; peft; contagious diflem. 
per^ . , SMtfie4trc. 

FE'STILENT. 4U IpefiiUnt, Fr. p'fiUeiti, 
Lat.J . 

1. ProdtM;higpltf9es;,niaUgniBot. Btrukfi 

2. Mifchkvous; deftru^ive. KmU", 
PESTILE'NIIAL. tf. [pefliltMid^ Ficnchj 

ptfiiUm, Lat,] J 

. I , JPartaking of the nature of peftilencc j 
produti|i§ peftiltflU ; infil^Hous ; concH 
gioiis. jyuodivard* 

z» Miichievoufi.) deftruaifC} peroiciotisu I 


PE'STIL^NTLY. ad, [(fm p^ilfnt,] Wif- 
chievouflv I deftrudlively. 

PESTlLLA'TiON*/. [ffftiIiuM^Utu]7ht 
%&. of pounding OK preakii^ in a mortar/ 

' Bro^mt 

PE^STLE. /. [pifiWum, Lat.] An ia^u- 
ment with which any thing is broken in a 
mortar. . , 'tock£{ 

PESTLE of Pork, f, A gammon of bacon. 

PET. / [defpit, Fr.J 
. ju A ilightpaiBonj a flight fit of anger. 


,2. A lamb taken into the houfe, and 

brought up by hand. Harmon 

f E'TAl,. /. [petitlum, Lat.] Petal is a 
term in botany, fignifying thofe fine coiour- 

' -«d leaves that compoie the flowers of all 
pJjints. ' ^i/uff 

PE'TALOUS. a. [Jrompct^L] Having petals. 

PE'TAR. 7 J\ J petard, French; petardo, 

PE'TARD. S Itahan.l An engine of me* 
tjU, almoil in the (hape of a hat, abcut 
feven inches deep, and about five inchet 
over at the mouth : when charged with 
• .fine-powder well beaten, it is covered with 
a madrier or plank, bound down faft witl^ 
ropes> running through handjes, which 
are round the rim near the mouth of it; 
this petard is applied to gate^ or barriers uf 
fuch places as are defigned to he furpiized, 
to blow them up. MiiUary D'tii. Hu/iihras, 

PETE'CKIAL. a, [from petechia, Latin.] 
PeflilentiaUy fpottcd, Arbutbvotr 

PE'TER-WORT. /. This plant diOers 
from St. John's- wort. Miller, 

PJJTIT' a* [French.] Small; inconfider* 
able. South* 

PETITION./, [petitioy Lat.] 

J. Requeft; iptreaty ; fuppUcation; prayl 
cr. Hooker^ 

2* Single baofh t>r article of a prayer.. 

4 X Ta 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

p fi t 

To PETl'TlON. V. a. [from the noun.} 

To Toliclt { to fupplictte. Mdifon* 

FETITIONARILY: ad, {ftWA pttitknary.} 

ilyVxyofbegfingthc^ttcftioii, Brtmn* 
P£n'T40NARy. a. [from ptmtM.] 
, X. ^ipplicatory \ coming with petitionf. 
. ^ y Shakefuart* 

tu Containing pttittoat or reqneftt. Svflfi. 
FtTI'TlOffER. /* ffirom f^tinii.l Q«e 

wh6 otTer^a pf Cilion. . South, 

F^TITOkV. «. [^fr«rf«i, tat. /fff/^i;^, 

Fr,j P^ti^ntng) c^umiflg^ptoperty 

of anything, Ainffoortb, 

WTRE../. [from /#rr^ ^ $one.J Nitre; 

falt-petup,-. BtyU, 

FETRE'SCBNT^ a. f ^irr^!<WA latin. ] 
X. -Cr^wlog ftone ; becoming ^one. Bojfle, 
PET^ir AUCTION./, [rrom^/i^ Lat.] 

^. The a6t of turotng to ftpne |, the ftate 
- . ,of ^ being (Htm^ to ftone. . Br^^im, 

t. Tly^, which i« made &ot^. Cbeyne. 
PETRl'FACTI V^. a. [from fetrifafto. Lit.] 

Hairing-the poMcr t<r form ftone. Mramn. 
PETRIFICATION. /. [fOri/icatUK, Fr. 
/ ^fiOfn>y«9()r.} A b«»dy formad by chaag- 

iag: o^ef matter to ftone. Boyle, 

FETRl'FICK. a^ [^trificui, Ut.] Having 

the power to change |bo, done ^Jl^ilton, 

ToPE'TRIFy. V. *. [^*<rj^i»-,^Fr. fmm 

^d/d, La^.J To change to ftone. . 

To PETRIFY. V. 9. To be^baia ftoce. 

PETRCU ^7/. r /«r«/ir, Fwach. 1 
PETRO'LEUM. J A liquid ^tumcn, 

black, floating on. the water of fprings. 

PE'TRONPL./. r/'^rw<r/^ Fr.] , A pJAolj 

afmall gun u^d by a^horieman. 

PETTICOAT./, f/^fif and «»f*l The 

lower part of a woman'j dt^r SuMm^. 
PETTlFQ'jOGER. /. [corrupted from />«/- 

tixfttgutr i />f(rf and v«g»flr, French. ] A 

petty fmall-rate lawyer. $m>ifu 

PETTINESS./, [from petty,) Smailneftj 

littlenefs ; inconliderai<Ienei8 ; unimpor* 

tance. Sbakt^art, 

PETTISH, tt, [from/*#.] FietftU j pec- 
• Viih. * Oeecb, 

Pt 1 TISHNESS. / [from pettifi.^ Ftet- 

fulnefs ; peevi(hoers. Ctlii§r, ' 

PETTITOES. /. t//f/y and rt#.] 

U The feet of a fucking pig. 

1. Feet jn cpntemptt Shti^^'tp*,. 

.fBTTO, [Italian.] The breaftj 6gpr*. 

tiye by privacy. 
PETTY, a. [petit, Fr.1 . Small ; inconfi- 
. (lerable; tnn:riour^ lirtle. StlUingfieet, 
PETTCOY./. AnherK 
PETULANCE. 7 A [/#¥V«r^ ^r. /##»- 
PB'tULANCY. J /4/:;;i»,UtjSaii9JKf3j 


peeviiKneftj wantoniieft. .. afrtmm 
PETULANT, if. [pttuUw^ UtU^fffut, 

1, Saucy 5 pcnrerfi:, . ; i'l?ff!- 

2. Wanton. ^ SptOimr, 
PETULANTLY. «/. [ from p^t^i 

With petulance 1 with Siucy pertnelif 
^EW./. (j^, poteh.] Afeat4ndi(eai« 
a church. ' MdUog, 

. PE'WET. /.r^lwiV^ Dutch.} 
. 1. A water fowl. ' ' Qtrnt, 

«. TheUp«nng« . ^ .. . 

PE'WTER./ {/M«f#r, Dutch.]' 
1. A compound of metakf an art^cial 
metaL - f^ 

s. Th« plates and diihet in a houfe* 

PE'WTERER. /. f fbm Ife^lT'k 

fmitb who works in pewter. 

PH^NO'MENON. /. This hal ibmettiqiM 

, pbattemetia in the plural. [^(yo/uiiio«.] Aa 

appeaeancc in the works of natujc. ^ ,^ 

PHACEPE'NA./. {t«>|t««M; fiom ^«9^ 

and «^fl^ to eat.} Aa ulcer»'whete theihaip* 

B«fs of the humours eats aw^y the fie&* 

PHAGEDE'NICIC. 7 a* J^iMj^, 

PHACEDE'NOUS. 5 Fr4 Eating^ jw. 

Toding. ffW^ 

PHA/LANX. /- Ipbalfffje.Ut^] A im 

of men clo^fely embodied. ^ topf* 

PHANTA'SM. I /. [^^1agiA4^^$kfi 

PHANTA'SMA. S pbanttfme. pkanifHf, 

. Fr.J Vain and airy appearaincej m»'» 

, thing appearing only to iwfginatian* *» 


PH A'NTOK /. [ f^otcme, Fr.] . > 
I. A fpe£ir^ j arr apparition* jittertiwy* 
X, A fancied vifion. - , R^m* 

PHARISAICAL. ^, [from phmiju.l'9\- 
. tual; externally religious : from tbe/cft 
of the Phaxafces, whofe' religion lOf*f|H' 
almofrwj^ol'.y in cerepooaies. ,B$C9»» 

PHARMACE'UTICAL. 7 ^. [t«ff«iiHf- 
PHARMACE'UTICK. 5 at^^ ^pa^/H* 
§iA%w»,'] Relating to the kf>QWJefiffl>^ 
art Of pharaaacy^ or ^paraMpn'of*^* 
P9ARMACO^LOGIST« /. [<h^ffM}«^9«' 
Xiy«.] One who writes i^poi^ ^r^^ ^<{ 

PHARMACp'LOOY. / ^ f^^^wHI^ 
>•>•. J The knowledge; o^ 4nfg8 ^aaj^w- 
dicines. •^. ; 

rui«.l A diipeniatoty f a^ book wataia- 
ingjules/or the compofiqof flf I'^o^ri'M?' 

PftARMACoVp^lST. /. £i(s<puHli«»* 
vfXiw] An apothecary J one Jti^^f^^^* 
ftiCdicines* ^ 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 



l>HA'RMACY. A [horn ^m«*«] 'The 
^*^«rMr^ra€Bce t>f preparilkg medicines ; the 
^''"ttiitoarhfittotfaecarf. Garth. 

MACROS. 7 /. [^m Pbaroi In Egrpt.] 
PRARf. 5 A iight-hottfe; i Jaiitern 
i" mi&tiie Oion u> (Urea £ulon. ArUtbnoe, 

. /Miw,] TKeaftofmakingam incifioninto 
**' th^inii^spipe, vfcd when i6tat tumour in 
.'*' the threat hiodera refpiration» ' 
PHA'SBLS.' /. IfhMjeott, LatJnf FVertch 

PHA'SIS,./ In the platalj^or. t$<0;ifi 
. |!ibtf^y FV. J Appearance exhibite(i By ahyW> 
^^n %s*'Uke chati ges of the mdod] ' ' Mccb. 
fm&}li,J. [tif^M«'] Appearance^ phran- 

, ^^ -^^ed apparition. ' tlttmond. 
3WASANT. /. [ fbajmnusy Lat. J, A Icii^ 
''. pfwJWtoek, Po/f. 

PlrilER. /. A companion. ' S^'Ftis. 
'1VPHE£S^. V, a. [perhaps iopthu,^ To 
" ^ comb i to fleece; to curry. SbakMdart, 
PH£NI'COfT£R. /. [^via^nM*.] A 
' kbd of bira. HakewlU. 

PHt'mX. /. [<;^|.) The bird which it 
' 'ibppoiied to exift fingle, andt« rife again 

from its own aihei. Milttn* 

niENO'MENON. /. ff^t/w/ufm { ^9- 
^ wun^A ^f* '< ** therefore often written/^* 

* % Appearance; vxfiUe qnalitjr^ " Buma. 

1. Any thing that ftrikes by any new ap- 
"^ letrance. 
WAt./. [fbuUa,tM!t.fbiSfeyrt.J A 

iauill bottle. NevHoH^ 

PHILA'HTHROPY. f. [^m^Iw tnd «v:^^». 

vtC*J| Love ofmankifutj^pod nature. 

PHIU'PPICIC. /. [froQi ^tke love^ives of 

Demefthenea/againfl^ l^bUif of IdaceddnJ 

AnyinvediTe declamation* 
HaiLO'LOGER./. [^U}i9yoi^ One whpfe 
' chief Ihidy is language \ a grammarinn; a 
.' crttick. ' ' Sbratt, 

raiLOUyCICAL. a. [from Mi/^fy.] 

Critical : grainmaHcal. ' Wattu 

K»It<yL0OIST./. [fiX^X*3K»ff.]i*^'^H> 

t grammarian, 
PmuytOGV. /. {^iXoX»pk| pbtfek^, 

frA Critidfin ; grammatical^l^rning. 

PHltOMEL. 7 /. fftod' Pbilomeia, 

PHILOMELA. S chaiJgeVi itito^ ^ htrd. J 

The aightingftle. Sbake^art. 

PHKtOMOT. a. [comipted from feuille 

mnt^ ^ dead leaf.j Coloured like a ^ead 

. leaf. ^ AkHfon, 

MiLtySOPHEME./. [<jHX(w^i»f4».] Prin. 

Cipleofreaibnjngi theorem.^ ! 'jyattu 

wnuysopHER. /. [fbiUfii>but,tMi} a 

fiMU deep in knowU^g^:* either )stom br 


i2. Skilled in philofophy. Sbake(ptart. 

r. Frugal ^' abftemiduf . ■ '♦'♦'' SrffUr:* 
PHILOMyPHICAtLYi a^, (trohi 'imji' 

fbical 1 In a philofophl^al t[)ZtiHtri' YatU 

ona%>,;ifc|y. !^ - '-' l^^/^- 

TdPHILdSCyi4HZE. v.*. [frimpb^fi^ 

^^y^*^ To play the phiIorbt>li^r'j To'tct- 

PHkO'SOPHY. /. tfbiUUbUi^hsiUj, , 
I • lloo^Iedge Aahina or moral'. - ^ 

a, Hypd'hefis'Or fyftem 'upoii'whkh ns- 
t'uraf elFe^ ire explained. ' ' LUki, 

). Reaibning | argdiheMaifiori. . -/{I^«r«« 
4. The eiMm dricie^s re«d'in-the 
fehoolf.*'- •: -I ■■■":" •^'■'. i 

PHllTER;/. r4^t^w)^i*,*,Fr.1 SHne. 
thing to einfe love. ' ' ^Drydien. 

ToPHKLlfER**. fl. [from the Man; J 'To 
charm to love. Go^ r n m int of the Tof^. 

PHi2*. /.•'*[A ridiculous contrad^ioii'Yrom 
^HomyA The face. • Sttimn, 

C^TOMIST. /. [froir. tx</ aid 
TifAfat.J ' Ohe that opens a vein$ « bl^od- 
letter. ' 

To PHLBBOnrOMlSE. v^ ai -Ifift^^otiti. 
fir, Fr. 1 To let blood. fiowt/, 

PHtEBC^TOMY,/. l^teorcfAm.^i Blood- 
letting;' the a^or pra^ice of opening -a 
vein for medical intenttom. Brown^ 

PHLE6M. /. r4>xly^.) 

iv The watry humour of.the body. Which,, 
when it predominates, h fuppoftrd to pro- 
duce fluggiihnets or dulnefs. Rojcommcn* 

PHLFGMAGOGUES, /. Ji^iyfAa and 
- m'y»J\ A purge of the milder fort, fup- 

pofed to evacuate phlegm aud leaver the 
' other humours. Flcyer* 

PHLEGM A'TICK^ a. [^f^.tik.] '■ 
'1. Abouridiflg in phlegm.' , Arbutbnot^ 

s,' Generating phlegm. - Br^wn*^ 

3, Wlitry. . • iWwWi. 

1$,^ Dull } cold; frigid. Sotfterti. 

PHLE'QMOli* /. [^UyfM9^.} An inflam- 

•Riation ; a burning tumour; Hlftman^ 
PHLE'GiMONOUS. a, [{torn 'pbkgmn:\ 

Inflammatory ; burning. ' Harwy* 

PHLEME./, prom pblebotwrni^ Lat.J An 
' infininilent which is placed on the- vein and 

driven into it with a blow. ^ - 

PHLOGt'STON. /. [^•'r%^h, from<f.xlye^] 

Xi A chemical liqueur extremely inflai^. 

mablc. : 1 ^ 

jfc, IThdliriltttimAUepartdf af^h&dy.' ' 

^ Z^*"' 4X-A ' ■ .'•'■■ I-HCIF'-* 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


P^O'NICKS, /. [from <{)<»»«'.] The doc 

trine of founds, 

PHONOCA'MPTICK. a. [<pWand »a|;Mjr- 

7ji7 3 Hav-ng the power to infic^l or 'unn 

the found, and by that to alter it, Dtrbam, 

PHO'SPHOR. 7 r r L r^ i . i 

FHO'SPHORUS. J/.[/'^?/i^^''''«'^>Lat*«.] 

!• The morning It^r. ^9j"^' 

■ a. A chemical fubiiance which, cxi^ofed' 10 
the air, takesiire, ^heynt, 

PHRASE./. [>;)eaV»{.] 

I. An i>!iom j a mod« of fpe^h 'peculiar Co 
a language. 

• :^. An exprcfTion'j a mctje of Tpeech. 


3. Stile ; expreffion. " 'Shtrhj'f^ura^ 

^o^PHRaSE. V, a. [from Uie.noun.J To 

• 'ftiJcj TocaU; to term; Sh^efpeare. 
•3P»RASE0'LOGY. /. [^^'^r. and Aey*.] 
•*'"i. Stile J di<?tion. S'wt/t, 
' 2. A phrafc book. 

I>HREN1'T1S. /. y^imii,] Madnefs.' 

•PHRfeNETlCK.? a: l^iiv^ixy><:iphrent' 
4*HR£'fTTlCK. J ri>r, French.J Madj 

• inflamed in the brain j frantick. ff^ocHi^. 
f»HR£'MSy. /. [from tg^ ''^««> phren^, 

• French.3 Madn^s; frantickwefs. Mihon, 
PHTHI'SiCAL. a. [<j>^<<r.jt>;.J Wafi^g. ^ 

^ 'Hsrvey, 
PHTHI'SJCK>/. [<j»aiW«] AconfumptSon. 

•PHTHI'SIS. /. [^3*Vi?,] A xonfiimptioB. 

PHYLA'CTERY. /. [4>vXaJiI«fto».] A faan- 
<hige on wliich was inlcribed fome memo- 
rable fei^teilce. Hammond* 
PHY^SICAL. a. [from ^bj^icK} 

t. Relating to nature or to natural philofo- 
phyj not moral. Hammond, 

%» Pertaining to the fciencc of healing. 

3. Medicinal J helpful to health. Sba\^, 

4. Refembling phyfick. 
PHY'SlCALLY. ad. [from fi^eal.} Ac- 
cording to nature J by natural operaiion; 

" not morally. Still'tngfeet. 

PHYSI'CIAN. /. [pbyficien.fu from thy- 

fck,] One who profefles the art of healing. 

TBY'SICK, f. [4>u(ri«.3.] 

■ 1. The fcience ofljealing. 

ft. Meilicines ;• remedies, Hookef, 

3. [In common phrafe. J A ptjrge. 
To PI??Y'SICK. V. tr. [from the noon.] To 

purge j to treat with .^yfick j to cure. 
' ^ Sbakefpiare, 

/PHYSICCTHEOLOGY. /. l^om frhyfico 

zn^ theology. '\ Divinity enforced or illuf- 
* trated by natural philotbphy. 
PHYSIO'GNOMER. 7 /. [ from phyfa- 
PHYSIO^CNOMIST; 3 gnomy.) One who 

judges of tht t<mj;tr -orlfu^urt ^lune by 




7 ii,\^vvi9y*aji<h 

PHYslOGiwyMbmcK. J >t).»^] DrtWl 

Trom tile conlcmiilatlon of ube face j cd^ 

• verfant in TontcW^latioh of the face. ' 
PHVSIO^NOMVv /. [l>B^i?^4T«o»fi%]^i 

1. The" art of dtfeovering the temper, 

' artd forefc*K>vt5t% tllffc fofftiric by tbeiea. , 
tures of theffkcfe. . iR*?w, 1 

2. The ftict 5 the caftWthe le*lt. 

PHV^IOLO^GlCAt . If : t[l"roiA /^^^J 
' Relating to the do€lrfne of the niftiral 

• coViftituti^rttSf thm^. J^y/f» 
•n«YSI0^bOCKt. /. [from^il^oyjfA 

writer of natural philbfoph jr. 
VHYS10^£;6G Y./.' [^u»-rc a^d >^.] ♦* 
.d^ftrine of the conftitutioi of the Svdrks 

of nature. ' - . •^^^, 

PHY'SY . /. The feme with jft/rft * ' 
'PHYTPVOROUSt ^. [<f^arand'^nr,l*t.] 
' Tiiat eats gt^fi ot any vegetable. ^ Jf*^. 
i^HYtO'GRAPHY. /. [<^i% anfl ye*^J 

A defcriptioh of plants. ' • ^ 

/PHY'TOLGOY. /; [4>y7cvarid Xtyar.] The 
" doflrine of plants ; botahi'cd tJilcoune. _ 
-PPACLE. /. [fiacakm; L^rt.] An e» 
' moos crime. ' - Howd. 

PIA'CULAR. 7 a. [piacukrU,fmtidm, 
•PIA'CULOOS. 5 Lititj.J " 
' . I. ExpJactory; hWring the power to atone. 

», <Such as requires expiation. B^ofvn, 

• 3I Criminal ^ attocioufly bad. ^laimx* 
TJAMjrER.f. [tatin.] A thin and de- 

•licate membrance, which li^s under the W- 
ra mater, and covers imsaiedittdy tfiefub- 
ftance of the brain. ^ ., 

Pl'ANET. /. 

' I. A bird; the kfTer wodd pecker. 
%, The magpie, -t'. 

PIASTER./. [>w^, Italian.] An Italiii 
coin, about five AiHihgs ftcrting in value. 

VJ^ZZA.f, [Italhn.J A ulralk undcr\ 

roof fuppoited by pillars. ' jirhirthnat, 

f^r'CA. /. Among printers, a particular £« 

of their types or letters. 
' PICARO^ON. /. [from^/Vtf/r,ItJiIi»n.J A 

robber ) 'a plunderer. ■ femplt* 

•WCCAGE.j; [ficcapu^, lov Latin,] M9- 

^ey paid kt fairs for b^ajting ground §r 

Ijooths, ■ ' 

To PICK. V. a, [pkkeii, Dutch.] , 

1. To cull 5 to chtife 5 tb frfeft j to pleah. 
L ' ^ ' ^Knolleu 

1. To take upj to gather » to ^nd indnf- 

trioufly. ' ' Bam» 

3. To iVparate from any thing u!Wc6 pr 
ntfxious, by gleaning o6t either prt. 


4. -To clean, by gathering off gfa6oall^aoy 

thing adhering. ^"^'^ 

5. [Pi^iitr, 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



• '5*'{^if^>'i "•] To pierce } to ffrike with 
:.aWfaiarp.ln%oniait. mf^MiL 

6. To flrikt witk^a, bill or beak \ to pock. 

Ti *: . -\ ^ ". ., Srvueri^u 

. 7. [iPw»rtf, Italian.] To rob. ,Sbahefp, 

j8» To ofi^d^idckrbjra^ointej intlnimtht 

*":•'',•• " • • Jjfenham, 

' 9. 7<rPrtfie tfiibAr nr otit^i toot* Jl pro- 

i«rbaarekpi«iflioQltoi' one finding Ikttlt iJrith 

another. . .i , . . j . , .1 

^ToPiCK. ^. «. 

3. To. oat -ftoMjr ^^ hy' fin»U mot/Hs*- 
, - bryden,, 

/ a.' To. do 4107 thing nicelf and kifurcljr. 

PlCKJf, A (harp pointed iron- tool. H^aadio, 
Ri«CKAPACK.-«/. {ftomi^tfcA.J Jo manner 
. oHipack. VEJirange, 

J»I'€JfcAXE.;/.i:f^/M.aiid iwj AH axB l^t 
.' madi to cut^t^kroBi) aaa^iewith atfharp 
' poihA ^ .,•.% .- ., Mihot, 

W'CHLBACk. a. Ontfte batfc.,, Budik/as, 
i^^K^:%.:^.L|^^Br.]v aihlf>$ filial 

•ToPHCKgBR. .w^ [/hfii^e, Waaii/^ ' T 
ly T!^ iiiwt^rto pillage 5 -lo r^b. 

.:»U / i:;..jty..ii .:L^tiJsv9KfiL'Sadiiras, 

Pl'CKER./. ffrom//V>.] . .. : .. '? 
: 1. ^6b]is ^fbo pttfks nr cuHs. ^ Mortimer, 
.-4«. A pickaxe j an inftrumenttopickwith. 
•r:: - Mortimer, 

PICKE'|IBL;»/: [fiom pjie,'] A fmairpikd. 
JPK5ftEREi..WJBED. J; [from />/ir.] Anva-' 

■ ter'^lant,. £rqm which pikes are fabled to 

• bc^neratod; ^. .. .. fFaiton, 
.PrCKLE,/*f.^f^DtttchJ . i 

• i.^Any kindof ialt liqueur, in which flefh 
. ^ * other fubftanoeis pcefcrvcd. jidikfoti, 

• %* Thidg kcpt&i/picklc, ^ 

< 3. Condition ; ftatcj , Sbakefpeare, 

^l^CKLEmpighttl,/., A fmall parcel of 

■ Iftnd.inclofed with a hedge, which in feme 

• * tountricaic called ^pinglr, PhUipi, 
-ToPi/CKLE. V. tf. [from the noun.] 

1. To pieferye in picklei • Drpdett, 

• i. To feafun or imbue highly . with any 
thing bad. * -> ' 

•H'CKtEHERiUHO. /; fplekU and herrmg. ] 

' . A •jack-pudd9ig4 a m^ry^anirew ^ a aany 5 

- a buffoon. ... .. V. '. .^;.^ rui^^H^, 

f rCKLOCK. /. 0/Vil and /orij - • 
I . Aninftroiien^h^iii^hich locks aiCopei&^d. 
^ ^ 2. Thrpdrfon wii* picks lo^k.. , , * r 
• Pi'CKPOORETi \ f. [/wA and /ortfef, or 
.ft'CKPUR^, . . . J ./wr>..J I A thief who 
"^ais, by putting his hand privately into 
-' the.|»ocketorpuffe. , '- r B^ilfy, 

I^ICKTOO'TH./. [j.iek and mjth.'] Ah in- 
« 1 Ibwtnent by ."which the. fieoth are cleaned; 

PICKTFIA'NK./. [^iViJandf^flfl*.*] A» 
.offici6ot fdlow^ wl9o tes ^J|«t*^| :il.7ft^ 

; defired. . • - 1 Fm^i.^'£fy0ng9,f^fb. 

PICT. /, [^i«r*i*4«.| .^)^ikM4triM. 

, • ...... 1 ••'. . ) Lee, 

PICT©'RM%, ti.7lfioflij^ifrf?^ Ut»i J^ 
dttced oy a painter. . J^r4fpJiu 

PI'CTra]&. J\Uf0t,ml.?^n,l r ; ,:; J 

. z. A t^mblance of .pei/cus 9r, fhi^|g| in 
jcoloiMca. , , SM^^fmf% 

«* The frien*^ of paUsing. i / . 1 1 i i 
j. Thc'woffct.^^i^teW. SiOlit^eet. 

4. Aby rdbmUance or rppre|e»$«U4^iv> 

,Ta JU'CTUHB. >«^» tfi /i(tootn the ooua.}, 
I. To paint) to is jrcfent by painting* .■ 
* ' , • . . Jirt^n^ 

■ a. Toltprefent. Spenfer, 

To ^I'DDLE; pi.m.T. j ^ .' .' . "^ Xl 
. 1. To .pick at table 5 to feed fqueamimly, 
and without appetite. .- - ' . iBv^Jif, 
«; To trifle ^^to dttehd to fijiall pirrt% ra-> 
. . ther4thfti."fbnte;m»ifL. , i ? ^ 
.PiqjDLER./. IfromifdMe,} Oat tha^att 
. . faneaoaUhly, and witb^wt appetite./ ^ 

PIE./. ;. • : ':t 

. 7:r« Aojiam bifkod with ^uncithuift ir^tt. 

%, [Pica^ i4ak)o.] A n»gpt<} ^partico- 
loured bird. Si^\ffb^re, ' 
LThe old popiih /mice book, (9 called 
h therubrtck* t . 7 
..» 4* Cock and /iiVy was a Dightexpir^oii yi 
." Sbaiefpeare*s time^ oT which I ki|QW' noc 
the iheafiihg« . . .. ' * "^I"? 
PJLE'B ALD. tf . [from //«. ] Of variouf co- 
Jours j diverfified in* colour. ..,(• ^ 
PIECE. /. [piece, French.] • ', 

I. A patch. , ,:;,tl 

- 4. A part of a wlielc ; a fragment* ^Sh^ 
3. A part. I * Xill»tJonm 

4« A picture. Drydev* 

5. A compofition'} petfotnttoce, .^^i%r4pr. 

6. A fingle great gun, ' . Knplfes, 

7. A hand |un. CAry^. 

8. A coin; a fingle piecp of mi^^ey. Prior, 

9. In ridicule and contempt : as, a pi^te of 
a lawyer. • - ' ■ 

10. ytf Piece. Toe each. • Mpt^t, 

11. Of a Piece with. Lik? ; pfthe 
iame (on ^ united j the fame wit^ the. ijeft. 

.' R9Jfi09(mon* 
To Pixci. ^. a, [from the noun. J >'£ 

I. To enlarge by the addition of ^. p^tjce. 

* ». To join; to xmite . ' "T 

'. 3* To Pi sex tfa/. To encreafe by addition. 

To PIECE. V. 9. [ from the noun^ J To 

. join 5 tocoalefcc ; to be compaifled. Bacsn; 

PIERCER./ [from/;>r^.] One tha^npp^. 

PIFCELESS. a. [from/;W^. J W^'lej 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 


v' Itt^QcH J : in fragmentk. Hfmrat^ Po/n. 

' Tt^CtAlEAU tf. Smile } ft)Mrates divided. 

^, Covernmtnt ef the T0^tf€^ 

ft^j/f'^f^yt^} . Variejpaled j; j|*rUco- 

' touffd. Draytoti, 

P^li^BSS. r. [fiom'>if^.J Vai^ationi 

^|hslWp^cblo^r. ^ Sbakeheare. 

Ifl^ED. tf. ' Bald. ^A«*«^e. 

J^l^^O^^ M»l'^ /• [Traill ftid^ foot, 
~ oMpcw^re, duf^;) Acouit held in fairs 

for ivdreis of all ditocden commttted tberein. 
M(tkr'// \^p1erre, Fr.J The columns on 

wluch the arcbafa liridge u n(if^ Akm, 
^a PJEllCE. V. *. [^«rf»-, Ff . J 

1, To genct^ate i to enter | to force. 

S. To touch the paflioni | to afl&dt. 


. B4K9K. 

affea. Shakrff. 



es or penetrates. 


. «. The y*'^ ^^^^ which iftledt perforate 

3. One who perforates. 

I^IS'RCINGLY. ad. [frorn^^^.] Sharpljr. 

jyE'RCWOfTESS./. tfioin//>«^.] Pow- 
er of piercing. Derbam^ 

rKETY. /. [/>w/«, Lat. /ief/, Fr.] 

;• 'If. Oifcnafge of duty to God. . PcacbMm. 

. a.. Puty to parents or thoie in fuperbur 
ration* . , . , 

P|G./. [^i^*, Dutch.] 

1. ^ A yooog fpw .or boar. F/i^/r. 

2. An oblong mafs of lead or unforgedirom 

• Pope^ 
To PIC. w. tfi-[from the noon.] To farrow | 

to Bring pigs. 
Pl'GBON. /, [figm, Fr. ] A fowl bred 

In a cote dr a imall hou(e, in'fome places 

called dovecote. Haimgb, 

1»I^G1E0NP^0T. /. An heih. ^nkv9rtb. 
PrG£Of4MV£gED. tf. ififfon^ihfer.} 

Mild| foft ^ eentle* Shaktfpuire, 

PVCGilf,J, In the northera proirincost a 

fmsll Tcuel. 
PipHT. [old preter. and part, pfifl*. oijnub,} 

Pitched I piace4 i fixed $ <ietaniuiifd. 

Spenfer, Siakejpeart, 
Pl'GMEKT. /, [pigmentum, Lat.] Point ; 

colour to he laid or an^^bodi^ * BtyU. 

. ttpo^ fftbled to be devoureTby' iHeif^Tfiies. 
'"*' ' "" "' ..... .-.,. . C^rtb* 

PIGNORA'TION./. i^jgn^v/Xat.] The 
, ii4lt ot' jpkdging. t ' 

PI'pNUT.jC C^ijf andii«f^],Ai 

PmKEV./. Ipi5a,S«i^^gUi|i,lAww4 

df endearment to a girl. '^^ • ^'^^^ 
PIGWrDQEON. /. Anything 
fmaM. ^ 

PIK]^. T; [>i>vr, tu hit fooot t 

X. thtpikc is the tyrant of the U^ft^ms 
tei«. J^^» bUetires the pike ta'be the 
Jongell lived of atoy Mh water fi A^ sted yet 
he computes it to be not ofaaUjriibovefor» 
years. . WabtL 

%, IPiWt Fr.] . A long bnce nfed by the 
foot Icddiers, to keep off the horfe, tD 
which Hyonets ha^e locceeded* Bi^jwirtL 
3. A fork ufed in huibandry. Tir^. 

4* Among tnrnerty two iron' fprigs betweet 
which any thing to be turned it faftened., 

PrKED. tf. [ffyi^, French. ] 

« cuminated j coding in a point* 

Pl'KBM AN. /. Ipikt and moM.} A l 
armed with a pike. 

PPKESTAFF./. [piki,^Jf4^} Thf 
wooden frame of a pike. lMf» 

PILAfSTER. /. [piiafin, Fr.] ;> (^Hue 
column iooietlmet infulatc^» hot mM let 
within a wall, and only ihewing ^ foirtli 
or a fifth part of iu thickneia, Pjft* 

PIXCHER./. ' ' 

1. A furredgown or caie j any thittg lined 
with fur. ,fi0mmf 

a. A iiih like a herrtng. . 

PILE. /. [pile, Fr. Wr, Dutdi: J ^ ' 
I. A ftrong pie(;e of w6od drheh Iptb'the 
ground to, make fittfi a foundation^ Ksit&u 
a. A heap ; an accumulatibil* *■- ' '*oA<^. 
|. Any thing heaped to^et^er t^ be^urt)^ 

4* An edifice J a boilding. ' ' r^ 
c« rP//»f, Latin.] Ahair. Sbakltfymv, 
o^ hairy Turface j nap. Crew, . 

i, [Pibtm^ Lat.] The hca4 of an arro«. 
%% One fide of a coin : the joverfiTof cioiik 

^.,- ^^ 

9. rin the ploral> /i/».] The hMxir. 

rhoids. Arhthmtn 

To PILE. K,,d. 

T. To heap ; to coatertate. Sbakt^esA, 

z. To fill with fomethtng heaped,. ^Hkf* 
PI'LEAT^D. tf. Ipiitut^ Lat.] In ihefciAi 

of a cover or hat. : /fMwari* 

Pl'LER. /: [from ^,] tie ^btf accumtt- 


To i^l'LFEH. V. «. ipUfit-i Fcenchtl 'S 

■ Ileal; to gain by petty robVty. * Bacm* 

To ^JhLFER. <r. IT. To praaUie pet^tbclu 


PPLFEI^EI^^ /. r from filferA O^ <ȴ 

deals pet,ty things. ' ''^. J^M* 

PI'LFERINGLY. /i. With'peityhwfcyj 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


TOIPhV. C [from ♦ijrr>. J l^etty tlieft. 

.^J^j ^ jLW3M)dercr j particuMyjiHie wBo tw- 
^>rei8^g^religidu8 account. StUfyigJ^t, 
^Mcf^-^f^ [^wm.thff uounTj Jo 

^ i ft 

of /pkc cafied Jamaica ?cpp*Sf^ jjftltggf 




. oqr pn accopnt ojT dcvotioo^ Drydtn. 

WL)Uj/ f/f//«/tf, Latin. ] Medicine m^de, 
. joto i^ i{Pi|lJi baU or ii^aTst . , p'Mfiaw. 

. ,|. Ttrob| (o plander, $ka^efj^/tre» 

if f or peil I to ftripofF the bark. Cifi» 
'fcrV}^f^^. n. To be ftript aw^Jf f «pcome 

doff* u\ (i^kes or fcoriae. ', Tob* 

I^I^CE. /. {pWage^Yxtnch.} 

1, jPJtt^der 5 ,lom^)ii»g got by pliwderujg 
/,<^glling..' ■ ' Shakefptare, 

'*MTt* aft of plundering. ^^Shaktfpeare* 
X^VUlL^GZ- v. tf. [from the noun.J To 
£o,^il, . .. ' 4-^Mtbnot, 

it .7.'{lrom fiilag<,\A9}^nitTtT j 

%sL r ^»ti«r, Ft. pVaprd; Italian.] 

5%W>^ . 


u^ Afoppqrt^rj a maintsiiner, , f itf^^. 

ITCL AI^ED. tfi'Prom /*/-tor,) 

J.. Milton, 

i column* Thpmf, 

1. A ibf^fadale fet behind a horfeman for 

. ;;i.w<vi^n:f<^qtp». .■',-: ^'^ifi- 

«« jA p;id[ t ^ paniiel j a low faddlc. fj^etifir, 
/ i(T£epadof the ftddfe'that tp\iches the 

ft^lX^klt. j: Xp^hVt, tt.'ftUorium, low 
,^ l^n. ] A fr^me ereacd on a^pjUar, and 
nude w^h hole* and folding^oards^thrdogh 
w))ic& tlie heads and hands of cnmhial^ are 
pui., ,' . , ,, f^atts^ 

to J^^tLfeRY. V. a. \piUortef, Fr. from 
Ai.noimJ.Ta puniA with the PJUfry. 

"" C&vtrnment of We^ongue, 

WaOW,./. [pyie. Sax.- Wdw^. Dutch.] 
, A ba|J)F down or featnfers laid under the 
head to fleep on. , Donn/s^ 

%9 PrXLjOW.^ v^t^. Tp.reft any. thing on 
' "VpSfc^^ -'■''/■" *, ' ^ MutoH* 

mii>*^tEk. 7 /. ;'rtc''<;9krVf a ptl- 

wiI&wcase: j iow.:^ -' ^ s^A 

^fl^^^lftX'./* [f'opJ#i,i-at.] Ha,ri- 
' nefi; " ' '^ -^ . '^ Sacon, 

^chj He 


^^Mmi}^\i ftecr^hc^ftrV ' " : 

fi^W: v. k [from tht TlW.f "Tc 
Vp^I Ta dir^sa i]? the courfc* - , • . . 

Y j|5^ pi^'a hire, ' jiUnfmrtb. 

' 4; Any ilender. thing fixed in anot^r body. 
''■"•■''•■■•' "^katifft^. 

5. That which locks the wM.fdlhm 

axle* , ' 'i\ ' ' 

6. ^e central part. S$niiff9ltr^ 

7. The pegs by wbick mufidtns inittod wk 
relax their ftrlngi. ; ^ . /^" , 
S. A nbt^i a ft/aln. ^'{iN^C 

9. A homy induration of tUe meii^bfliiee 
of thcey^. ' ShaUJ^^Gtrfy 

10. A cylinddcal roller made of Wood* ., 

' ti. A noxious humour m a haWk*^ foik. 
ToPn^. *. 41. (from the n<9m.] ' ' 

li: To faften with pins. . f^pi^ 

2 . To faiten 5 to make fafr. ' o^akij^ 

3. To join 5 to ^x. SJ^dhRf. -^^^^ 

4. [Pin'bani SaiJ ToAutiipjrJtoln<flole; 
tocon/lnc. ' ""^ H^bkerm 

PI'NCA^E. /. [pin and cftfi.} A im^ 


'4. To preTs between bard tiodics. 
5;TD-ga!t} to ff€t. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

•^ To gpRC } to opgrefe | t<| ftt^Itccu 

pain. - Tbomfitt^^ 

Irive to difficulties. 

ly 2 to force 014 what ipi 

•cfe, fa jfstor be felt ; to. 
:) be puzgUng. Dryden. 
5 fVugal. Drjdtn, 

Ft. ^om the ^erb.J 
ze with the fingerK, 

■ a. A gripe ; a pain gkeiK Sbal^efpeare: 
■ 3. Oppr^ffign } diftrefs infllftcd. VEJir,. 
^4. "Difficolty } tiftie df diftrtis. L*^r. 
yi'NCHF^ST. 7 /. [^incb,fifi, and/f«-, 
M'NCHPENNy. 5 «y.J A mifcr. 

^ ' ' ' "* Airffworth, 

WNCUSHION../. [(wand cufiion,} A 
fmall bag. ftuflfed with bran or wool on 
which pins are ftuck. Addkjon, 

Pf^PUST. /. [ )&/» and dvfi. ] Small par- 
ticles Qf metal made by cutting pins. 

FINE, / [/•icaii, Latin.] ' A tree. 
To P|^fE. 1;. W. [pi'nian, Sax. ///W, Dutch.] 

1. To laneuiibj to wear away with any 
kindof mifery, "" Spenfir» 

2. To langui/h with dcfire. Sbakefpeare, 
t« PfNE. V. tf. 

I. T^ wear cut | to make to langui/h* 
"^ ' Sbakefpeare, 

*%. To grieve for j to bemoan in filence. 

ni^tAPPLE. jC A plant. 

,fl'NEAL. a. [pittealey French.] Refembling 

• a' pineapple. An epithet given by Des 

Carta to the gland which he imagined^he 

feat of the foul. Arbutbnot^ 

Pi^FEATHERtD. a, [fU^n^ featber.] 
Not fledged ; having the feathers yet only 
beginning to ihoot. Dryden, 

PI'NfOLD. /. [pm^an, Sax. to fliut up, 
andyoA/i] A pUce in which beaAsare con- 
fined. Milton, 

Pf'NGLE. /, A fmall dofe ;. an inclofure. 

Ft*NMaNlLy. /. [>/»-and«wfv. ] Money 
allowed to a wife for her private rtrpences 

^ without account. * " Addifon, 

PI'NGUip. a. [/>/«^«/r, Lat.] Fatj unc- 
tuous. Mortimer. 

Pi'NHpLE./. [pin 9n^ bcU.'} A fmall hole, 

fach af is made by the perforation of a pin. 

• Wijemari* 

PIWON. / Ipigran, French.^ 

i. The joinl; of the wing remoteft from 
the body. * ' ' 

a. Stfikefpcarefecms to ufe it for a'fpafher 
or (Jtiill of the wing, 

3* yf/\n^ y P^A 


4j The tooth of a fmallcr wheel, anrwtr* 
ing to that of a larger^ ] - '• " "■ * 
5. Fetters for the hands. 
To PI'NIOK.' «. a, [ftQtfiihk niun.J ' I 

■ i'. To bind the wirtgs. ; Bieoft, 
2. TocOKfine by binding the! wings. 

• 3. To bind the arm to the body, tirydtnl 
' 4. To confine by binding the elbows to the 
' fides. t>ryden'^ 

<. To fliackle j to bin6. Herberu 

■ 6. To bind to. P<pt» 
PINK. /. [from pink, Dtitch, an eye.] 

• 'I. A fmall fragrant flower of the giU:fl»wer 
kind. c * JBacofit 

• 2. An eye 5 'commofily a fmall eye: »s^ 

• pink'tyed, Stakejpeau, 
3« Any thing fuprentcly excel lenti 


4. A colour ufed by painters, Dryden,'- 

5. [Pip^ue, Fr.] A kind of heavy narro^v- 
fterned fhif>. Sbakefpeare, 

• 6. A fifli ; the minnow. 

To PINK. 1/. u. [from pink, Dutch, an eye.t 
To work in eyelet holes 5 to pierce in fmall 

• htJes, » ^ Prior, 
To PINK, V. n, [pinckety Dutch.] To wink 

with the eyes. L^Jtrartge,- 

PI'NMAKER./. r^/« and »M*^.] He who 

makes pins. 
PI'NNACE. /. [pivnajfiy rr.pi^ac'a, Ital.J 

■ A toat belunjiing to a /hip of w^r. It feems 
formerly to haVe fignifi^d rather a fmall 
/loop or bark attending a larger /hip. 

PI'NNACLE. J., [pinnae/e, Fr. pinra, Lat.] 

1. A turret or clevatidn ab<jNre the reft of 
the building. ' . Clarend'n, 

2. A high fpiring point. ' Cvml^* 
PI'NNER. /. [from pinnal or p'mfon,'] • "^ 

f . The lappet of a head which flics lodfe. 

2. A pinmaker, 

PI'NNOCK. /. The tom-tit. Airfwvrti.^ 
PINT. /. [pmc, Saxon.] Half a quart j ia 
medicine, twelve ounces j a liquidmeafore. 
PI'NULES. /. In aftronomy, the fights 0^ 
an aftrolabe. DiS» 

PIONE'ER. /. [pionler, frtm pion, obfoletc^ 
Fr.] One whofe bufmefs is to level tht 
' road, throw up wprks, or fink mines in mi- 
litary operations. Fairfax^ 
PrONING. /. Works of pioneers. S^njen 
PI'ONV. /. [paonia, Lat.J A krgc flowerr 
PI'OUS. a. IpiuSf Lat. picux, French.] 
•1. Careful of the duties owed by create! 
beings to God 5 godly j religious' j /«ch as 
is due to facred things, Mihn^ 
%. Careful of the duties of 'hear relation.- 


3. Praai/id under tht appearance of re'KJ 
gion, i^ing Charku 
' • PrOUSLY, 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



. sumner ; rtligiim^ f wilb isgar^ /uch as 
' i».duc to facred things. .... * TWipt, 

taiMbln^a' Jbh»i5k. peUitter fikat gfOsif^ on 

ths/tQKaitdKi^cpifiiflsw ^^^dv. 

. A, . A, i^t on the cards. Addlfon% 

To tap, 9, »*^f^*i iJdn;}.Ta chii^ or 

. 017 iro/ bird. j?»y/r. 

I. AnyJon^iiaUo«^^y,).atiihc4 Imtttinr. 
. «; -4 ti(b^'iSr clay th^ug^ vrluck theflkfafe 
o^ tobacco is drawn into the moudt. ' 

.^ 3; Amioftrumcnt of haiil Qtufick. Htfiom, 
4. VhtojigimA^ypigf aad ^e^ivalibn ; as, 
tiiewind-/>i^. J BmiBsH, 

. 54Thekcy of thotoif^; SiaJkfftare* 

■ ik. 'An^vS^ ^ thf tublisifu^ f^roxf. 
' 7. f P^, - 0iitsli.][ 4e, Jiqttid meaftire c«ii- 
% itatnukg two hoeflieads. SMiMar^, 

to PIPE. V. Pi ffiw» iKe^owwl ■'^ : ' 

, c« To haire a ^rill found. Shaktfpeare^ 
KVJ^S^}, [fMM^^.} ©n^ n^ playa on 
.' the-pip*;' ■ ,fLev» 

PI^PETRSB. A TheJifcwU^ : 

-r i^Weak; f^H^S £ckljrt S kalh ^mre, 
♦. *r Hot 5 bbElai^ ' • ' ' '^ 

PrPKIIf' / §9illtnii^tiVtor^$iA| Afmril 

eau&cft ^il«». , . ; ' ^ ^' A^^« 

J^PMIN. y; [jpu^yngbef Dutch.] Skinner, 

A Aatp m|e. ' ' JSf«r* 

#i#FAH'i^* iiw ^i9M»i«^ Fr«i]^4 i^ 

I. Pricking j piercing t ftinmlatiny.^ 1 

S^AlAfaY./* litem ^fBm*\ ^havpnefej 

« tatn^i.. ' .' 

fcrCHJANTLY. nd. [f«mi>f>»tf>rf4 Shirp- 

H^li^P [pique, Frtfidk.}; 

r^ An< «U ^UIi^ofi«i}tc takcAi p6lfi^ 

naloMence. IJ^ftwrt/^sPfefy. 

t. A(Wm«H^ " 4^^^. 

3. ^dnt^ misery t pwniHlie. Antto^ 
to PIQggJ 4iL rf. ^'f«*> PteJ>ph,} • I'i 
= t. 7oib«ch -wim ^^ or vitutoncy $ to 
-pcitintolVtt. I^'m 

^ «* To xsthfi4 5^ tt |iHtate^» Bbpe>, 

- V To value J to fix reputation tc cmi « 

^i\ " '■ • S - : ' to9iS, 

^9 PK^E^. Sfeft To Pi40ic »!• . 
WQJto'itto. /. A lobkerj a f*»ftd«rcr. 

^NS**T» /. r^%<f* Frfench.] A game at 

^l^ACY. y. r«rfMi^wi»] The Ha Wpw:- 
^ dteofrM)l^gW(l^e'#u' ¥i(2H 

"i^ ^ A fea-rolier. Baun% 

Vot. U» 

Ih Aii|r rofa^ ^ttrtfcolar()r 1' bbblfelkr 
. yiho feises the 60[^ of other mei^ ' ^ 
To PI'RATX^ «. n« f A:o)» tBe Dod».] To 

• cob by fcft. j^hoihnot^ 
To PrRATE. V. tf> l^Ytter^ Frvnch.]^ To 

tdcp by rqhWy. " " ^ope, 

, H^A^TICAL. tf. ^fka^cM, Lat.] Bftda* 
tory^ fobbing^ con6ftiAg in rolibery. 

-. . S0een» 

»t»2A'TION. /. [0Mtio, Lat.] The a£k 

. oftpradiceof jfiihing.. ^r^fvn^ 

.W^jSCARY./. ApriuJtegBirfdMpjife.." 

PX^^TORY. *. te^tf*»ri«, Latini) R«. 

lating to fiOies. AdtMJofu 

BlSCl'VOkflUS. «. f«f/f«andv<>r<>, Lat] 

. Fiiieating; living^n n(^ " f«y* 

PiSH. jii/«i^ A c9Bt«i»pcttoiiB(exobina|ioB* 


^V9Sli^ «^. »..|^il9^Aointer}earon.} To 

e»litli contempt, ' ie^» 

.PifSi^OLE./. [D-yna> Sat. pifitiereg'D\it4i*Ji 

An ant ; an emmet. .» Trtir* 

.T-ttPISSk -cf. ». [pifit^'fit, fifittf Putch.] 

. To'make water. ." V^nemgeB 

.BiS^ f, [from the veik} Uiine 5 an|mal 

wateTi ' #0^ 

.la^SABED. /. A yellow flower |rowing in 

the graf^. . 7 . ' " ' I 

PrSSBttRNX. «. . ilteined^with sskio^ 
Pi50p.42HIO. /. [pifiaccbi, Italian.J The 

# piflociHO' ibt ar ikry* fi^ir'bblaf)§ figure* 
"" nut. jy/74 

9^f:eV /• [FreftoK} The t#ick or tveiidh 
botCumninnketuponAiiKgtioiuid kt goes 

a€l of pounding in a mortar. > A^i 
Pl'STOL. /. [[pifb^ey^^letiStf^uA.} ' X 

ibiU handgun^ . '-- &areHdoH* 

.TiyP^T&i:,M, a, Xp^h^, Wtamki} T6 

(hoot with a piiM4 
.ftFSTOLl. /#f|Wf> F>qn^4 A-coin^ 
. ttudiy countHes and ihany degrees of value. 
.:. * ' ^ ' '.- .^x I- - DrydAU 

PlST^LtT. f, {diBuwHira of pj/kCy A 
.- iltde^iftol. Domum 

iri^STeK. /. fpifiatfi Fj«i)thv;| 1^ BidVd. 

abk pait la &v£ra| machines ; as in pildnp# 
.. ..gfid fyHngefi> whereby the Vu^lioi^ or: at* 

tta£lion is cauledjt an eiD^olus. ')<>% 

WT^ /.; Ipi*/ §a«Qn.J 
, I. A hole in tl^e groUndk JBacon^ 

. a. Aby&i praiundity. ■ • MAott^ 

. 3. Thebaic. ; Pf^m. 

i. iL The^jQ^oiiwlMcbtotkjtfighltk I 

5^. Tl)e mtd^le.iiaxit of tha thMtroi 

' €t An^Mlow of tiie body t ^ tk«/f# df 
- the JBoinagh* - , 

. 7*. A dint made by the finger. 
To PIT. V. a, T4 fihkii M^^^t Sh4nf$ 
PITAPAT, r. [pattepgue, rreacb.J 

4Y J. A 

Bigitized by VjOOQIC 

P I T 



- • ^ : A flatted 5 a ptlptUtt^ii. VB^rttnge* 

2. A light quick ft«p* ^ Dryden, 
ifl'lX:H. /. [pic, Sax..^(x, Latin,] 7 

t« I'lie refin of the pine extrafled bjr Are 

. an^JnCpilTt^ted. .-. . - PnvaB$. 

.1. [From ^j5x, Fr. Skiwvfr^'] Any degree 

^ ofbi^atidnorltcighc; SbakeffKone, 

3. Higheft rife. ' Sb^kejpiare. 
; 4, State with rcfpcft to lowneiis or height, 

§. Size; ftatare. Sfetifer, 

. Degree ; rate* Denbaik, 

.Td PITCH.[tf/^;Vtfwrr, IuUan»j < 
U To fix J to plant. 

Fkirfax* KtalUsM Drydeu, 
\ * %, To order regularly,. Hooker, 

3. To throw headlong $ to caft forward. I 


4. To foKar wiilb . pitch* - . Cen^ Lhjdtk, 

5. To darken* Sbakefffeare* 

6. To pave. jtbikvortb. 
To PITCH, t/.ft, 

I. ToJightj.tbdrop, Moninir. 

%* T« fiall headlong, Dryden, 

3« To £x choice.' EtuuSrok^ 

4. To fix a tent or temporary habitation. 
^ • '• J '' 'V . ' ' '' 1 1 Miu, 

PITCHER. /. [/,iV£.er, French.] 

i^ An eaichen veflel ^ .a water pot. ^ 
%i An inilnxfnent to pierct tise ground in 
^ which any thing is to be fixed. Mortimer, 
.H'TCHFORK. f [pUibjxn^foick.] A folk 
with which corn irthrofin upon the wag- 
gon. Snv'tft, 
PI^CHINE&S./. [fro>nyia:i&J.] Bkcknciaj 

, ..d^rknefs. 

JPFTCHY. a, ihfm^pitcb,;\ .' 
. I,. Smeared with p'tch. .- Dryden, 

t ' ' • a . ;^HMaAg:the .^tt^iitics. of piteh .. pyoodid, 
3. Black: darkj difoaak Prior, 

•:PFT.'CX)AL.j; [pu and coaK] Foflile coil. 
,' , ' ■ ^ . ■ :a . 'z • ^1' « Mortimer, 

JPXTMAHl f. [pit and »m/i.] He that in 
j\ fawitiig timber 'works b^ow in the {iit, ' ! . 


.PI'TrSAW./ f/*f and >w.] The kr^ 
' i«w ufed by twosien, of whom one is in 
-. the pit. ' . Mncon, 

ri'TEOUS. it. [£^om jfti/^J 

I. Sorrowful 5 moumnil f exciting pity. . 

.; . ■ . ... apevferm 

a. Cwnpaffionate J te^ndsr. i*ridr, 

,3. Wretched J paltry; pitifoh Mikon, 

Pl'TEGU^LY.. a/, [from /tfrt«i.] In a 

. fifteoiis manner. Hhahfpeare^ 

PrTEQl^MESS./. (fipro/)i«awj.|Sorn>w- 

.fwlnefs; tendernefs. 
PHTPAl-L./(^'/and/#tfg A4)itdugand 
covered, into which a pudenger falls unex- 
pc^edly. . ■ ■ J SoJOsfySt 

J?ITH./, £?/«#, Putcb.] . 

- V. The marrow of the jpantj Hie ibft {Mft 
:, .in the m^ of the wood. Bacom 

a. Marrow* Doftne* 

'3. Strength} force 5 ^bakejpun, 

' ' 14* .Energy J cogency^ folnefief featimcnt j 

. ■ dojenefe and vigour oif thought and ftilc; 

•■■.: 5. Weighty moment I principal part.* 

' Sbakefpeare, 

T 6« The ^wntefttnQi $ the chief part. 

. V ' Sbakejheare, 

PrTHILy;«/i [from^^. J With ftKngtl j 

.^ , with cogency; wkh force. 

PI'THINESS. JC [ftom pHby.1 Eneigy} 
ftrength. Speijer, 

.PFTHLESS. a. [itompitb.'] 

.1, Wanting |iith.' ■ Sbahffptare^ 

^ . ^, Wanting ener^j wafttsag force. . 

PI'THY, a. [ftompitb.} 

. J. Cenfiftingofpith. : . Pb'dipu 

. ju Strong } forcible } energedck. jid^jcn* 

Pi'TIAELE. ^. (pi/oyabk, Fr. from pity.] 

. XXeferying pity. . jitta^n, 

PITIFUL. a*ipitf todfilL} . 

.1. ^lefancholy j - moving c^o^aUSoiu 

' Spetifer^ 

ft. Tender; osmpaffionate. Sbai^puai, 
^ Paltry; contemptibfe ; defpicable. Drjd» 

PITIFULl^y. W^fitJih pttifiL} 

1. Mournfully j in<a«Mimex that movet 
• ewp^fcn. . , I ■ • TtJhtfrt. 

2, Contemptibly 5 defpivably. Clmjfa^ 
IPI'T JFIJLNf SS. f. [fewU >///>/.] 

. J. Tendernefs; mercy; compa&on* 

• . ^ 'v ;; , ; ^'^' 

r 2*. Deipicablenefs ; contempCifaleDefit. 
PrTlL^,] Withwit 

mercy*. ;...•?' 
WTIJIESNESS /. Unmercifulnefs. 
PI'TJLESS. tfi [frjm^^J Wanting pity; 
I . waatihg compalfion ; merirlj^s* Fairfai* 
PI'TTanCE. /. ^[pitarice; Ft,, pietam^ 

- Italian;} '...•- i 
. I*. An allowance of meat in ;kmonafiiy. 

2. A fmall portion. : Sbakefpetri, 

WTVkTE. f^ [pituite, Fr. pitvka, Latin.J 
.; Phlegm. . ^ - Arhtbuot, 

.PJTU'^TOUS. a, [pit^ofgs^ tatw pUuitwx, 
, ..Jirtoch.] Cofifimngof phlegnv Jbrbutbrnt* 
Pl'tY:f:[pid4, ¥K.,phta,. IwHini] 
f^ I. Compafliftn ; iympaUiy with mif<jry; 

tendernel's for pain or uneafiaefs. Caimy, 
. ft. A ground . of pU^ j - a. fitijeft of pity er 
, ofgncL Bacon, 

To PITY, v. a. [pitoyer, French.] Tocom- 

pafiionate mifery ^ to, reggrd wrai tender^ 
. nefs on account o£ vphstppinefs« ^ddifsa* 
To PKTY. V, fi. To be compaffionatc. 

PrVOTi /. [p'wot, Fr.J A pin 00 which 

any thing turns. . Drydeii, 

PlX.f [pixis, Lat.] A Uttle cheft or box, in 

which theeonfecrated holt is kept, Hanmei^ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



: ting or po^ible^ J^ appeai^ JBdUt^n. 
PLACABFLITY. 7 /. f from f/acsA^* ] 
fX«A'CABL£NE$S,5 Witlingoeis t0 bd 
' sppeaM f foMhility to be appeaTed. . 
PLACARD. 7 /. [plakoirt, Dutch J An 
FJJiCA'RT.S «^> a dcdanuimr » 

To f LA'CATE. V* a. . [platto, Lttin.]' Ta 
: 9!f^tMk \Ttp redcncilc* This word it uied 

in Scotland. Fwtti. 

PLACE. /.. Ipiatf, Freoch.] . . .i 

; I. Particular portion of fpace, Addifon^ 
■ %. Localit]r i «bwty \ local jpela^on; £tf^* 
..3, Local txUN^iMe. .. . JUveiaHtlfi, 

4* Space in generaU . tinvits, 

\ 5. Separate room* ' Sb4ki^fe* 

' ^. A feat I refidence $ manfioo. ^tf^/r. 
: 7* Pa0age in writing. M^coifi 

, I. Ordinal relation. SpgSator, 

. 9. £xiftejica$ .'ftate of being} validity^ 
. 4ateof adual operation* M mf w ^v d* 

, 20. Kank. j order of priority. Sbahfpmrti 
. II. P|:ece$^ce$ priority. Bpi» J^n/op. 
. 9a« Office s publick charafker or employ- 
. jnenV Kn^s{ 

13, 1^9001 {^#yi^.fpace.£Dr appnariag lor 
, a^iog given by ceifion. piyden. 

14. proiind r rooi^.. " ^^mmadi 
T^PLACE. v»ra. Iplficer, French. J .1 

I. To put in any pU(:<> rank pr condition. 
■ '\ Exoduu Drtdfn, 

s. To fix } tor^ttk ; to fl^bJiib. totke. 
- 3« To^touta^ioterell, . Popei 

PLA'CER. /. [ttompracej] One thatpUcfs, 
• • . ....:::. . Sft^ftr. 

PLA'CID. a: [pjacidusy Latin.] 
,^x. Gentle $ 9Hie^ notturbuknt. Ba^n*. 

a. S$ft ; kind | inl|d. 
^U'CIDLY. if<fc [froip placi4,l Mil4yj 
. grBtly.- Boyie, 

PLA'CIT./[^An^fta»f, Latin.] Decree; 
. determii^ation. ' GlativiUe» 

PLA'CKET^ or plafuet, f. A pctticoaf. - 

PLA'GIARISM./. [from /V<iry.] Theft J 
» literary adopUoo^of the thou^u. or workf: 
of another. ' S%y*/i, 

PLAGIARY. J. irromplagium, Latia.J ; 
' . r*. A thie/in literature ; ont who ^eali the 
V thottg^t|,or.writip8S.of another^ Soufb, 
1. The crime of literary theft. Browtr* 
PLAGUE. jC lj>iqgb(, Dutcljj wXip«»'.] - 
, I. Pef^lence ; a difeafe eminently conta- 
gious and- deftru£kive. -Bacons 
a. State of mifery. Pfa/ms* 
,3. Any thing troublefoma or vexatious. „ 

T0PLAGUE.V. tf. [from the noun.] ^ 
1. To infeft^with pdftilcncc. r 
%. To trouble $ to teaze $ to vex ; to har«' 
'laTs^ to torment j toaffli^ Cf/^« 

VUL^\JWr.0$.lkMphgiy.^ Vmtl-i^ 

. oufly ; horribly. , Dtyden. 

PLA'CUy. d, [from pUtgue,} Vexatious 5 
trouble(ba)e. ' DiMinK" 

l^tAlCE.f. Ip^f, Dutch.] A flat fi(h. 

PLAID, f, A 'ftripad ot variegated cloih r 
.an outer loofe weed worn much by the 

highlandert ^iv^apllaad. , 

Pl/AfN. tf. [planus^ Latin.} 
. 1.. Smooth; level; flat; fj^ fromprotO' 
.^berance^or excrefcencies. Spgnfer, 

. S« Void of ornament ( Ample. ^ryie/t»* 
t. Artlefs; not fub^j^not fpecious; noc^ 
.••Kamed ;' fimple. HammQud, 

. .4.. Honeftly rough ) op^ i fincere ; i^c 
.- (oh in language. Bacon, 

, 5. Mere; barob .. Sbake^mrei^ 

i. Evident | plear j diicernible ; not ob- 
.-f:ur^. ... Dtnbaw4 

.7. Not varied >by much ar^ Sidaft*^ 

PhAm. ad, 
^,.1. Notobfbinly. . - > . 

%. Diftin£Hy'; articulately. Mark^ 

. 3. Simply J with rovgh Anc^rity. Addijon^ 
PLAIN, yr iplane^ French.] Level ground; 
open ; flat ; often, a field of battle. ' ( 
^ Hajvmrd* f)fiyies. 

To PLA^. V, a, [from the noun.] To le- 
vel 5 to make even. Hi^*ard, 
•to PLAIN. V, n, {plaindrt, jepiainiy fr,^ 
,-To lament ; to wail^ Sidney • 
PI.AIND£A'LING. a, {plain and dial, ] 
Aaing without art UEftrange, 
PLAINDEsA'LlNG. /. Management void 06. 
• art. l)iyd(n* 
PLA'INLY. a/, {from /Alia.] 

I. Lev;:lly; flatly. 
r %, NotJubtilly ; not fpecioufly^ ; 

3* Without ornament. 
4. Without gloTs ; fincerely«. P^, 

'5.. In eaxnefl ; fairly. Garend^m 

^ Evidently ; cleaily ; not obfcurely. . 
^bakifpeatt, MiU^im 
PLA'INNESS. /. [from/Aji».J 
X. Levelneis ; fl^tnefs. 
A. Want of ornamexit ; want of ihow« > 

3. Opennefs ; rough iuuicrity. , Sidney, 

4. ArtieiTnefs \ /impiicity. Drydvh 
PLAINfT. /. [plalnte, French,] \ 

I. Lamentation ; complaint ; lament.. 


, S. ExprobratJOn of injury, Bacqjn, 

3, BxpreiTion of forrow. IVmonm 

PLA'iNTFUL. a. {plaint and/*//.] Coip. 

plaining; audibly lorrowfu I. SJdnty, 

PLA'INTIFF, /. [plaintiff, Fr.] He that 

commences a luit; in la^ agaii^ ano^r}^ 

oppofed to the defendant. Dryden, 

PLA'INTIFF. a. [ /f»i«fi/, French.] Com^ 

plaining. A word not in utc^ Prifir, 

4Y% PLAI^- 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

]pteittbg} lamenting; ex^MieS^^c 6f iortww. 

i ^ ...•,.* Thuiig,' 

Needieiv^k a$ dif^oiguiAed from ^ubImkm*- 

yt Alt', jf. *[*<tfrtif t«« ^fWto^pIigh er fl^^ 
"* A fbhi j ft dduble. I^aw^n 

To PLAIT, V. tf . (frotti tKe itmn.] 

I. Tofold; todOortc* i^f- 

• «fc. To'f/«favc ; to bi-ajd, i Ptfitr, 

• 4. -To intangle ; ^i9 iWvdWe, ^i^ifhpta^e^ 
PLAltER , /, [fVoM ^/,] Ifc thit tUit«, . 
PI;AN. /. {^Ai«, Frtftdi.] 

I. lAfehemcj ^fprpij ititieip!. ^Wif^, 
it. A phrt of jWy*uU<fl*|, tjrichfiKJgmpfcy,; 

t*.] To 

me, £>M 

ichj 'A 


. E. To fWiooth with tf 'tdall*, 'ilfe*Wr, 

'""ff^t^fi Fr.l TI^c intrpdMaion pf this tlree 

into EnglariU ^is owing ito -^^ 'grta* ^ht^ 

chancellor Bacon. ^Mrihr, 

J>J-A'NET.- /, f jfr&ittftr, tat, ^JL&»««R ] 

. P/tf »rti are the erra^tlk w Warndering ihura, 

•* i»hd wh|ch arc not lil^e 0i« fi xt ones al vvf yt 

•in tlie "i^me nofitioh td one lirioAfer j Ve 
Jiowiiira^^'ttie ^j^ha^bUg tJje pnmiry 

*'^foj!n*/ii becatffe we kpow^ it moves i;ound 
theftffi, as S^ftttrp^^Jupitcr, Mars, Vcfius, 
and Mercury do,*itnd ' that in a pathV)r 
frird^1)et%«trtliSify^nd Veiniff! 3fhd ilic 

"itttiipn is accounted .among the Ascpndary 

• ■ the^irtoves /o^tnd th e Jekrth. ■ Sror^, 
PI.A'NETAR'Y, '9. [ftitniffdifey ^refctih j^ 

•, t • f^ertainirig to the planets. Granville^ 

• j|. Wnder the'SVnomih^tiiDn pf ahy^arti- 
' 'cuiar*planet. JP^yalw. 

'^. Produced by the 'pliin^s. Sbtikejjf;eanf 
' 4,' Raving thew^ttireof a pteupt^'crratick. 

n) pjanpts, .. '^ Bri^n, 

f|.A'NEti*tli:UCiC. <r, f/JSrrfir/ and '/r?*r,1 
•^^}a«cd. ' • jading. 

P C E 

L\t«&.J Fl«f«9^im'i^«iM, 'iwbca'^e 

PextaAiing t!»U^ Alel^ttdbDf of pllBi;4«r- 
.'iCace^,- ' 

BLANMEftP^>Y. p Mmi»,.aAdu^^J^ 

The menfuratloji of plain furfaci^. 
F&Af^itan^SltiiGH^S* ' ^ [>3oi^n, >Ukt.Haaa 

#«tl»>Mr^} f ftUleairtd, tts :^l»in. titer fiMll 
.^^ki^i^ are hollow only at thr4MtlMn» iiat 

fiat upwards, 'as-dttWiOtt't^d fiicctfry* t 

> Jilk : to Smooth. A ^H^M %Sn^ > ^(<ihaii9t-» 

Pi>*^iSHi£RE./ r^/<»M«><Iia(t;«H4]^$h»».} 

• A iphere.pmi«ll0d t>!i af Ufjfc. 
PiMAHK. / [fiambif Ffefttfh.j ^ ^thlfcl; 

• ^AtoM^ioard. tUtmin. 
T« I'iJANK^ >»4 V.^frdin tho Ad«iti<l'To.Oo. 

• l«rsorUywithpiii^iil:s. >^E>i)fdliB« 
FfS|^firOCi<)'IinCAL, ^; ^^m^tn^ sma^ 

•^t«]4'.eiNdi^n 0^ fi^Snd^ittklihnH>iA«v* 

F^<flOC0NV$X. a. [phnut and c#M$i^ 
'>|;it.](7i«N)A^dPdta«^ maui tm^n» on fhe 

OvIKf^ • ' JpnMfwT* 

phimr:/, [plante^ ^ufpbnia, Lfat.{) 
|. A^y t^ifgfpii^ded^rMp J(M| WIf' 

'!»v i4^ fapiitfg. Sbaie^eare^ 

ANT. V, tf. Qfynh, lAiSa^i^fi^uO^^ 
.'Tf^ft^Vj - .••.■■'■.' 
. ^ ^i^t'b put intp t^e ground i|i order to-growa 

to fet ; %d m^tie, 
'"^^^oftbert^rtf ;' to.^eh««l(e« tlRMbeire^ 

3. To place ; to fix* 'liydttt, 
: j^. i^ fitip; -fc 'mt^ft r at, ity^pUkt'i 
•'■'CoRjny, 'i?U#fi^ 
^5,^ fil|^iadOrri»Wllr ^iiineWwhgpltet.^ 
•^'td J ^8, he flaniid the gartf^>ri$edD«te- 

try.' • 'h>^ 

'^11. rr6*^inft propcrh; %\^tof}ant acap- 
t 'Aon. . . ? • - : 

PWlO^ifdE. /, fj^d»4^,* Bitin.] An 

PJvlA^TAm;p'M!«rfe}»i>Fren?h.5 ^ 

• ■l.'A tree5rilW''W\p»T««*,-^^Kth1idirt 
•sii^^u lent fruit. '^/j^^rffo-. 

PLA*!f^AL.^(i;f5^na^)*wA.] ^edfafntrtgHif 

Pl^^TA'TION./. g(/iifW//rVBit^] 
ir.'the a^ or praaic«?^of pWi^tirig^. 
^."Thtjpttce^plifitta'. • "|E?w/^lgMS!t< 

• 5. 'A colbny. Bactiiu 

4. Intwdia^^h fg}AMhWfient.^JKt^C»^Ar> 
PL A'NTED. a: ffrdtw i»M/irJ "^Ws w6rd 

• ircH^grpundcdi ■' -'* 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

II l:^ 


flA'NTER. /. [fl4ntm^m!iMi'< 
v%t, Oi» #ho iQw^ ^fttscer icihstdtot | c«I- 

tivalox* Oi^yJin, 

. ^'/fiiiM who cnkivates ground in the Weft 
^fii4iih cdoiiks* -^ -^ ZMte, 

i3.iiiaejiiJni|/]anulsle»or'iiitf0d«k<i. i 

%»-'6nndi partly cut off and bound to 

.4flMirea?e branches. .S>l«j|^« 

. Mlkupiidd ies* * ' ifffttMHifff* 

;<fiBia whiiitjrtiy tliiag is «tifti«ir fetihed. 

i.:<Aibftance snado •f iwac^r^nd iiiile Jb* . 

^M^fttaattsf^ ttwb>aMMJ(^tefe well 

•^^erifisd, with whkh walls are ofoHtud, 

- ■ ^^- 'Kitts^ 

% <j(i^mitM«9 orailMw fal^* ^£iMi(^. 
To PbA'Simit. «i.««iH Cif'!>S^^"^» Ftalih.| 
•^ 'To'i^eilay as with plafter. Baco»9 

.«• Vb cover withcaimafiiNileil^liMtii. ^ 

•^' One whole trade is to overlay walls with 
plaier. '^ i$M^|>«»«. 

^•'Oi^ who forms figure' in plafter. M^/« 

"fO^ii^to nve fonik >' J'ribiip 

liM»K^.Y>^^^»^] A.|iie(««f ka- 

4NcMl^flM|^4j^BMii^cwr«re^ whtdilbt^ 


•'pofiRS'lpile at them, Drydttu 

* 1^«bke by te)f«Bfew iOidikn. 
^tfStfTif, f^yty Sfaxa^J A fiilJdl pUcthof 

•iNjrtd, ~Mik*n» 

PU'TANB./. [^Z<if^)»«,*fi«nch$ fiaidt0Si 

•ik^] The plane tflBS. ^Z«». 

HfA^E. /. [/>/(r/if|<Dweh 9 j0Arf»^ Fr^dt.] 

t. 'Apiece of meti^^^ltM^t InCo bnea^^. 

t*lfkt(ty Spanifli.J Wrought fil<«r. ' 

-'ifi4(y«M^:%fi>ie<^.^ii which «Mat4si 
'h Pt^«. <#. *, fl^m.)th^fio«fi.] 

* '^ ^o bfcat intc^^iMt ^ |llte«. iVMsv^. 

•y^J •" '- - ..^ 

't. He flcetch of any tmt^mMntt^y 

•i eA plhtjB'lmd't>«t«Atr anyaMdO/ ^c, 
J3% A level pla«e he£ire a fortification. * 

4. A fijieoe > .a f laoi WotOwattl, 

BLA'TlCiC iij^^. In aftrology, Js « say 

."«ift fkom one .f boct to faoorhsr, niit «x- 

. "HJ^^ but wkhift the Wlnt of itaown liglit« 

•- Saki^. 

BfiA^TOON. /. [ « corruption of fdoton, 

]Frenchj «A ^hidl i<|ii«ri body of AiuiSe* 

teers.. Ttd^ 

..^^s^dtelly of earth. Drydat. 

* ^ptdoulnefs $ fupctfioialagpeapattceof right* 

"'■'■■.'. , ■• ^ttw^ 

e&AXI'SJBLE. a..[i^i9^:#r8Mli.].S«ch 

wslgaib&a^fUistif»f fupMaally plealM|f 

.^•rUikhig; fpedottv; pfpijhr, -Cbmitkiu 

PLAU'SIBLEN^$, ^h^foin fias^,if 

Speciouihe&; ihowoftr^^t. Ssideifnu 

.rV^vWith fair'lfa>w«).%KBnw%«> • CbZSer; 
. •s.'i'With applaufe. Noti».ii(e. Mrt(^imm. 
F&AU<SlirEl«.(ffaM»^U;0W<^iiatUiv] ^ 

.<«^. Applauding. 

^^FLtAY. «.». fplexan^ Saxon«] 

: i.'^oi>0K$ sbr^oliUcj todofiMnfethiAf 

1^!^ a taik, JHifirfi)Cj&f4eafure« * ^Mtf^a. 

t ». To^toy } ti?»a.iW<il^J^vity. : ^MMfl 

- 3. .To be dirndiSsd froni wotki^iaiatffimtre* 

^5« To JoibtoetbtAg'fVniiiia. SMifpiuki 
- ^, ^iTo pradik ^KaAiplc^auniaaanr.^Piptf. 
' 7»\ ^o itoock ; to pradife illusion. JfoA>g>« 
'^ ■Sv.^To'gainef 't)^^o^t8iid^£lnwi^)htB; 1 

:«,.T»dt>a»iri9tiBgitri(lMai4irdBDetti^ 1 

, HO^^^^toMhtalnuifiai^iifthiaieiit. i&^ti 
II. To operate J toa^ ^Ufedof soy ihing 

im^^o wanton 5 to nofr sfi^ahiriy. 

^«^ To perfonate a dramay Hanmm'u 

■'- ~* "' ; ;■ .-/>iyiwv 

i^. Tonprefenta^efasfaltw. > .r 
'^iic;'Toniain'atty'Cffrtalntthar«airi .^ 

To^f»I«lY. v.iss . => r 

.«!» To put in.iiftJoha«rf«Wta»»» = ^ri« 

.^^^'^'OHJfb an inftrummitw^tnfiAtfk* >. iG^y. 
3 • Tv oa a iniriMi^^t ataU^iv; - ^ SliMrAr/ 

.-'t.rASaionnotimpofcd; notwoiii« • * *^ 

3t A 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



.vfr A'ifcamai a cemedyi>r tnitdy, Jbr Ay 
thing in which 4:haca^er« -are^ re{>rC!iea|ed 
. hf dialogue and a^ion. Dryden, 

. 4* Gama; pra£ii(;^4»f{amifig} cdnteft^t 
- a game. . Shak^pmrt^ 

. 5* Pra^ke in any conteft. TiUotfm, 

. *• AiiiiMi ^ eaqdayment } ^ffiee. Drydm, 
. 7* Praiftice j a^ion ; manner of aAing. 
^ . r " • ' Sidn^^ 

%• A&. of toocysg an uiilruaieiit. 
. 9. Irregular and wanton motion. < 

, io» Aftite^fva^^tumdr jieatilatiofi. . i 

71. Room for. motion. - McOt^wZ 

' iz. Liberty *of a£ling ;' fwfiig. Add^^L 
I|XA'Y1O0K/^ T/^ii^ and ^om(^] &)ok^fi 
. dramatickcoiBpoMions* -.: ; ■ Sutft* 

PLA'YDAY. /. [/>/tfj^ and^iy.} Day ex- 
• mpt.fiom^^Uksorw^rk.^ ^ Stoift'JL 
PhAYDEBT. /. [>A^andW^.] D^t 
. Cotitra£led.hy ganfing. < Arkutbrnt, 

fLA'VER.,/ [fi5om/./tfy.] ' I 

,1. One who plays. ; 

'2. An idler ; ^ laay perion* Sbake^Mrei 

.^^ Adorx>f dnmatiek6ciicai» Sidmy» 

»4«.Amimick« '' .DryiiH, 

5. pAewkatmid|f»aB^ufical iiiftraififcnkf^ 

I Samuel xsu 

...iw j^ne Who a£ls in play in any certain 

manner^ ' — ^ " . . Catet^ 

flA'yFELLOW. /. Ipky and fellow ] 

. . 'CMApaniM in amniftitient. ... Spenftr. 

FLATYfUL. «. [fim and >//.]. Sportiw; 

. ftllof levkf. Addikn* 

Pi^'YGAM£.jC [^n^andj^r^] Fla^of 
. chUdten. .hnkt^ 

FLAYUOUSE;/. [/^«^ and^>.] Hcxafe 
^yit^^^wmsk, per^Dfxnances ^re .repte- 
. IcM^. ^tillintihtt. 

F1a^PI>£AS1IRE» / [^^ 9Mfifafori.J 
^^ idk amufement. Bacon, 

PLA'YSaMS.«. [/Z«|and>m.] WantpD ; 
. .foil of levity. 
FLA^YSOMENESS. /. [ from f>/ayPam ] 

. WantooMla | levity, 
HUA'YTHING./. [/./#yandf^;i^.] Toy 5 
thing t» play with*' Oi^iniy* 

K^ATYWRIGHT. /. [p/ay^ndwright.] A 
.- maker ,4tplaya*. .... Ap#. 

FLEA.^/. [plaid^ old French.] 
i» The adt.or form of pleading* 
a* Tkkig ofterttd or donanded in plea^ng. 
»\. " -\* Sbakefpeare* 

3. Allegation. . Mlitcair 

f 4^AtKSi^9t9y.%n,tatcuk» Milttn, 

To PLEACH. V. <i. [^/(^> French*! '^'o 
/.bciid ; tointerweave*. . Skake^emre* 
ToPL^D. v*». [pl^der, French.] . 
. X. TQ.argae bcib^acottitof jufttce.t?r4^» 
. 2* Xo fpeak in .an^rgum^nxatijre 6V pcf 
iu»five W4y for or againft ; to reafonwlth. 
another*.. V. - • Dtydtn* 

, *2* 'I^ ^ oflfered «f apl^ . . . Ptydm*- 

To PLEA&. V, V ! ^ i '■': "T 

->;: To^dctfend^ i&D4ilcviff. . Sbah^an^ 
..jU To allege in pleadin|; or argument* 

..). To offer at an excu(e.. Drydm* 

PLEA^DABLE. ^..f fiaan /J^a/.] .Capable 

. tto be alleged in plea. Dryden, 

PLEA'DER. f Iplaide^, Ffenib.] ' I 

. x.:.^>tt'«iicko argnet^AA covrc of jiAict. 

. s. Ooft who fpeaks for offagainft,.tfitfi«fe» 
pL£ArDIMG^i/.,fi||bi|t>iSm(.] Aa«ribrai' 

.-of pleading. .- < - aS«ta/5>. 

PLEA'BANCS. /. lp(»^h Er.J Gaictyi 

. pleaiantry* . . Spadir, 

PLSA'SANTy A f^kf/aurr Fremcb:] 
J. Cketigfadbl^ gijrii^dc^kt Ffiim. 

' ju. .Omataful to the' fenfes. ACltM^ 

3. Good hu^Qolced s ckid-ful.. '. jSdd^: 

. i|. -iG^ 5 divdy f /flMriir* itt^r^ 

1' 5« Tfjftuif } aiiptediAtfaer to mirth thta 

^EAfSANTLY. ad. [Uom fkafant.^ 
, I. In fuch a maiuitiraitogtvd Miibt^ 
a. Gaily i merrily ^>lngop4 humour. _:* 

Pi.£AfSAMTN^S. /. [from )^M>;if.] I 
!• delightfttlnefs j ftate of being pleaW» 

r " . ■" ' -;■';-.'•.. . ^idtff* 

. A. Gaiety | cheerfnbefs | merriioeat. 

... . ■ •• : . >Tifiir/fa. 

ELEA'SANTRY. / i4^Sm^> FrendLj! 

cx. Gaiety; merriment*.. Jdd^* 

. a* fipffightly fa^iilgff /lively tidk. Mi^^ 
To PLEASE. v<tf« (f^yta|t,*^ir«v^fo] 

L 1. To deiigbtfcto^fatiiyi to hojnoorw 
. . Wijdmmu 

- %. cwleiiV. . ^bdkAma 

, 3. To obtain favour l|FO»ii« JUEt/Mr. 

4* Ttf ^e Pt£A8lin« To like. A voKdit 

. of ceremony. " , Jky4i*» 

Ta PLEASE,, ' i 

. B* To give plea^rt^ Jidik0* 

I %, To gain appiobatioiu Htftti^ 

. J. To like ; to;dM^i^ Popt. 

. 4. To condefcend ; to comply. Sbaie^, 
IfLEA^SER./. [from//M>] Onftiiat courts 

favpnr.' - ' :.>»->. .. '/ 

PLEA'SINGLY. «i/. [from phafing:] In 

^ fuidi- a manner at to givo' delight. Pt)^ 
PLEA'SINQNESS. J* ifrfm ^fit^l<^'' 

. lity of giving delight. 
PLEA'SEM AN> /. Iphaf^, .apd aaw. J A* 

.-jiick thank } an omcioui fellow. Sbakfjp* 
PLEA^ [from pUafurt,] Qi- 

. Jightful 4 .lull of pleaf«»9. v Safftu 

PWA'SURE. /. ipiaifir, French.] I 

. j^ Delight 3 gratification of the xmnd or 
feifet. , ' Swtb^ 

2. Loofe gratificaticji* ^ Sha^eff(^»f» 

3. Approbation. J^Jaim* 
^ W^tth^wiilfOit^s* . SloMj^u 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


p n I 

. '5. Cboice^'«MtrarT'w!H« <» Bnwn. 

ToPI^A'SUKB. ii.A..pftMD die 1MI111..7 

. ' To picafe ; to gratify. . - THhtfon. 

PLEA^SUKX^Vh: a] [fJkaJki'e .nod flKQ 
Plea&^t; deligfatiul. 'Obfi>lete» *Ak^t, 

.PLCBErAN. /. [ flehaen, French j pUbeiut, 

. L4tiji.|*Qiieof:.tiie^ltnper people. ' £oi//. 

KJBBEI^N. 4^ . „ 

i« Fci]ialir| tonfifHiig^aietnperibds*': 


s* BfckA^m^'t^ (he Ibwer ranks. AfiiM. 

3. Voigars ilo^f^ctonnttDix. i7irc«ff. 

PLEDGE. / [ piiige^ViL. faeg^i^^ Italiui. 1 
2; ABythuq^fMtttopawrii. . . ^ 

s* A gage ; anf thiog l^vea by way of war- 
not ocieooiiity. p a fA^fAk Rmoi, 

., p A furety ;.a haUjoanhoAage. UMgb» 

Ta PLEDGE, v. «. f ^^r, Frttich 5 ^i^- 
^t, Itldian.] 

f . To: f ot in pawn*, t Bofu 

:t« To give as warrant or fecurity. . 

3. To fecur^ Hy a pttiige* .^bake^Ori. 
. 4; To toviie ta .dftiik»..hy acoepfingxthe 

cop or health after another. Hbakt^/^, 
^UE/DG^T:. /. [ ^ggbi, Puiflb:.} a Onall 

mafs of lint, Tf^fiman^ 

9l£.1AS)S.' r /« [^2i//^j;Lat. 9r)0^»^ 
PLEIADES, 5 A northern conftellatkm. 

■ ■ > ■ ■ • • : Mil^. 
PLE^NARILY..*!/. lUom pJnsry.} Ftfllyj 
. cotopletdy. jf^^jfe. 

PLENARY, a. I hamyknui^ Lat. ] ^Talt) 

complete. JVsttu 

PLE^AJiy./viMfilve procedure. A^M, 
PfcE^NARINES^. /. [from pUna^, ] Fof- 

AeCs i oooiuicteutM* o " ' 
PLrN|LDNARy.r 4. I fnm ^mlupium, 

Lh#] Relating to the hill moon. BrpfOtt, 
PLE'NlP^MTSNCEo/. [firdta >^i« and./K>- 

lairrM^ I^tin.l Fulnefs of power. 
PI^'NiPOTJiNT. -. ( flenlpotem^ Larin.;] 

- Intefted With fujl powen Mlkon, 

PLIIflPOT^NTIAllY./ Iplmpiwtthiin, 

fttofh*] AiMtgOtiaHprifMBfted with full 
. fomfiv* Stilling fleet* 

nA%nT;L fftoirt pUmtti Lat.] One th^t 
.-'.^ jlolds all ^ace to be full of matter. Style, 
l»LE'NITUD«4 /. Iplemttul^, ftom pieotii, 

. f Z, Fulneis'j the concuury. to iraquity. / 
• * ' ' ' ,*• Ben^ey^ 

4. Repletion I animal fblnefs ; plethory/ 

3* Exuberances • abundance. Maton, 

' .4. Completaoels. Pr/cy*. 

PLE'NTEOUS. tf. [from^/if»(y.] 
S* Copiouf } eauberant ; abtindant.iJ(f//r0if*, 
a. Fniitful 5 fertile. Miiton. 

PLE'NTEOUSLY. ad. { from ple»uoas, ] 
.Gopioufly; abundantly; exuberantly. 
, ,. , - Shakefpeare. 

PLE'NTEOUS^ESS. /, £ ix^m pUpUouu ] 
• Ahiindance j fertility. Gene/is, . 

P|£<KTIFVL* tf*{p/raf^ feodyftr.] CoptfUa; 
. .aba^idant ; exubtrant) fruitfbl. RMlt'mh, 
PLE'NTIFUI(XY. ad.\fwmpliii^Jul,} CoL 
.' pfonfly;' abundantly, i •■ Addifm* 

PCg^TIFULNESS. /. f ftbm phntifiM. j 
The ftate of being- plaowi $ abundamee | 
/ fiertility. 

PLE'NTY./. [f^ni^itt^fcate ftiB.] % 
. X. Abundance ; fach a quantity as is fnor^ 

- than enofifh. ' . Ltdtk 

- 2* Fruitfulnefs ; <»ubtrance. 

. 3^ It is ufedy I think, barbaroufly fbr 
: plentiful, ' • ' 

. 4.^ A ftate in which «A0ufh U had and ^n» 
. fayed. yoel'ii, a6. 

PI^ONASM. /. [pltom^iiittty Latin. ] - A 
.-' figure of rhetoricky by which more wor(b 

ace ufed than are neccirary; . 
PLESH,/^ [A word ufed bySpenfer iaitcai 

of pla/h, ] A pnddle ; a boggy ntarih. 
JMiE'THORA. /. [from irx«d«Mtt.] The 
. : Aate in which the veflets are fnUtr of hu- 
. modrs than is agreeable loa natural ftace of 
I> health. ' :: . Arbutbmt, 

PLETHORE'TICK. 7 «. [ iiom plethcrs, 1 
Pi.ETUO'RICR. S HaYiog a SnW habiu 
PLE<*HORY. /. [ptetborg^ French ^ fron* 
. wXitoiga,] Falneis of habit. A^tabmt^ 
PLfi'VIN. /. [pleuvine^fr. plivina^Uw 
.;*Xat..] Inlaw, a warrant or aflurance. Dia^ 
PLEU'RIS Y. /. f irXiu^rif.] i'iiraf/^ is an 

. inflammation of the pleam, remedied by 

- evacuation^ fuppnration* or expe4oratk>n> 
or all together. 

PLEURI'TICAL.? rr ^ j.r v i 
PLEU^RITICK. S '• [fro^pUMrify.J ; 

I. Difeafed with a pkarify. . Arhuthn^tm 

.».' Denoting a pleurify. 0ijemam% 

PLKABLE. tf. [pRable, fxom pHer, French^ 

to bend.] . ' 

. x. Eafy to be bent ; itexH>la* ScntB, 

. 4. Fkxftle of difpofition ', cafy to be per* 
. iitadcd. 
PLI'ABLENESS. /. [from ^iS^i&i^.] 

I. Flexibility } ea&nefa to be heat, ^ 

%, Flexibility of mind. Stntb, 

PLVANCY. /. [from pHam.} Eafinefs to be 
. bent. ' AidUcttm 

PLl'ANT. a, [prtanfy¥HnA.\ 
, I. Bending $ tough} ^exUe }' flexible 4 
.'. lithe; limber. . ' Aidifonm 

. 2. £a(y to take a form. Dryden, 

3. Eafily complying. - . j£im«1 

• 4. Eafily perfuadcd. Sontbm 

PUA^NTNESS, / [from ^'4ff#.] Flexibili- 
ty ; toughncfs. - Bofon* 
PU'CATURE. 7 /. [plicatura^ from pltce. 
PLICA'TION. $ Latin.] Fold; double. ' 
PLI'ERS../. [ftom ply,] An inftroment by 
, which any thing is laid hold on to bendic. 

To PLIGHT. V. a, [pi'.cbten, Dotcb.] 

I. T» 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



» 1. Condition ; £^te»' Siftk^^re. 

! ». Q«ad«£r« 7l|^ 

4.' OFftons ift >M^> A^^ld }• ^ piSller I 

JtJVTH. /. [irx/y&ic.l In MliiteattB*i it 
that r^uare mum^ wkU^kt^fm m»% fmn- 

- ^«Ui!ltA «ft the baCs :<tf a ^>i\hr,« Ma^U. 
To I^LOD. V. If. [flofgkert, Dutch. AiMar.] 
. I* Tift t^i t^JMiTl fo dniasa f t» ta^rel. 
, . jE/ijMiw. 

. sw To triv ci lib i to qfly, SJMfe^taU, 

i . f*. T» ihi^ dWioly attd duUf. mdiikas, 

PLOT*/ [pk)^ Saxdm) 

^ f. AfMfidl^extaiitof gcouai^ ?!#!«• 

Jt.- A plahtatioti lud dutk S'Aey, 

f • A lorm.; .a>fclidme }, » plaa. ^em/er, 
. 4. A eonfpiracy; a recret ddigft iormed 
' •gfHBft anotlidr. tUH, 

f^ Aa JnyiigMtj; ^n aM# ^jsmpHcaud^ 
. ta¥ol«ed and embarrafled. Rofeommon, 

S. Sflratagaiq*|- 6^t cotebl^Uftidir la aby 
. lUflnH. Mf*0if. 

t 7* CoefrtvaadBf deap'reKliDfthea^ii^tw ' 

iTaPI^OT. 9f. 9. [finm the noun.) 
^ t»< Ta form fefarmea a^ niiiDhidr* ^gainft 
^••. tofitixary conunonl^ ^V")^ tbo£s in ratho- 
rity. ^rjien* 

m. To cqntriv^ i tp fillieigfe. Wmtik 

To PIX)T.-v. tf. ' . 
,' ^.lf • Te plan > tiv coacrivic. ^ 
.> •« T^ defcribe accoidxng to i< 

PLCyTTER./. [frim//o/.] 
^''iv'.ConfpiratiMi-^'' • Hryien, 

. ^^..CMtriMr^ . ' .... BhMpemre. 

PLtyVER./. [/iW;V, French 5 ptM^Iis, 
Latio{l,Akp«i]ig^ .' .:" €<rti«aL 

PLOUOk jS . gpUf , Snqn.] 1 

' ^^?The inftrumejia with whkb ^ .&ir- 
'^ aowa ajb ^f is .^ fBOund totat^ivo dk 

%. A kinld ^ plane. 
•r^PiiOUpHi lu. f. Td pvafHft aiiatian ; 
. 40 tivn up the ground in oidar to i'm iited. 

X»l>LOUGH. V. tf. 
. I. To turn up with thaf io«fh« Dryim. 

- .m. Tb IJunf io vmt by the plought 'mM 
. 3; To furrow 5 to divide, Adfifjhn, 

PLfiV<»iWY. /. f/^f i andi^.] A l»«y 
-' 'tkwt folMwit ahe pl«mgb j a eoarle ieno«ianf 
, hfcy. M^^ts, 

FUI^GHER./. {froflD/>/£»^<6.J O&ewh* 

fMghs or cu lfl a at t a iye iniU * liM&^* 

. £rtarifdrcorn. B#a«. 

F^QUfGiiMAiR. yi IffcttikiaJnUhiyt :^ 

^^ One' that* aUendb^^ihftherfltMA 

! >.A#^%M«DlturuAk!s* ' SfuO^^^ 

3. A ftrong labofioQtmaji^ ' 'J0mAdi, 


.' TitceM^day. TIk^. 

. Tke part o^ U w p fa i^t that ii j^JMidi* 
i€iilnrt9-t|irflpuMr. ^ : '^J^M 

To PLUCk; «. A. M<^^ Sa9rt4> 
-- 9. T^pullwMjiMblfnaf^ op fdbre) ta 
dbhtch ; to puH f t^ drfff^r tr Jcattf ' 4i or 
. ,ii0atd^Mci!uprofUo#a,; * ^ fff» 
^«^,TaMt>ofjbM^ 9M^. 

3. Toplnckupaheart^rifikit; A-|^ 
« .^trbial exprdfion fbirlsk^Bgmp^fFrifuifing 
of couraga;' ' -^ •- -.^ ^ U&iflb. 

PLD^K./. [from tii^ lefB.}- ' '' 
' r, Apott^} p'dptiTfoiiiflraftoipkck- 
%. T\4 lilnM^ U«lf «|4 Ughii oei^ySI 

jilisdBaJ ,.-... I 

>£00. /• {pftfgg, Swediih ; ftlurgbe, Dutdi J 

A ftqpiit^i 4pf tftiij^sdaivanHMliWiik 

other body. ■ AjPMvy^ 

ft» PLl^O. V. A» [taa 9i0tnonn» J W ttj^ 

wMi a plug. 

^ Raifin; grape drMfaith^te. 3Miri^ 

> Thtf tai' #f one haodWd ifcadtti 

. poMds. 4fl4rtrw* 

4v A feiad of H)y> cdUrikM^tfrnKf/fiiiA 

for a pOMiy. • Aiwfmth ^ 

iPfcb'llf AOE.^/ r/AMM(#, PrclbchJ' td^ 

■ tlMlrs ; fuic of notlHrt^ A*w. 

.PUIM*,/. ffV^#tcliai;r Aplimtta^ 

. « teadeii OMiiht iMiivNi otth^andofa 

PljUMB. ^i, [fipon thVBQlifl.} PetMt 
cfUavlf «othdheria<Mk ' ' ish 

To'l^^MB. V. M, [Mn the lumii.} ' ^ 
I. To foundf^ to leiuoh by OiKnowSA I 
wefriic^t i«i eQit« . ^«^» 

' d. To regulate any woilc by the plummtt, 

Pty/MHEa*/. f /Mmt, :Pititeli, J One 
liho works upon lead. Commonly writ* 
tai* and proii«itoiMied^lln«M»'. ' ' '*^ " 

Ptt^MBERY. /. [fromf/ifM^>l W^kt 
of lead I (ho tynMu/i^luras of /^hiniiM 

PiAf MCAKB. /. [^ oad M«r.j akf 
node with raifms. Biii^U^ 

I. Featber ofbinil. Al?At»r. 

• »• Feaiber worn as an 'ornament. S^ 
•3. Piid; I towjcii^ miaa^ iff^A^ 

• ;• ^^' . ' - . ' ^ 

^ Digitized by VjOOQIC ' 

P L U 


4. Token of honour j priw of conteft. ^ 
' ' . Milton, 

5. PItttnt IS a term ufed by botani(ts for 
that part of the feed of a pjant, which in 
its growth becomes the trunk. 

To PLITME, v. a, f from the noun.] 
J. To pick and adjuft feathers. Mortimer, 
%* [Plumer, French,] Toflrip offfeathers.^ 


3. To ftrip J to piU. Bacon, 

4. To place as a plugie. Milton* 

5. To adorn with plumes. Slake^peare, 
PlUMEA'tLUM. /. [alumen flumofum, La- 
tin.] A kind of albeftus. IVilkins, 

PXUMrCEROUS* a. [pluma zn6 gerc, Lz- 
tin.] Having feathers.^ feathered. 

fLUMFPEDE. /. [fluma and f>es, Latin.] 
A fowl that has feathers on the foot. Diff, 

PLCJ'MMET. /. [horn fjumi^.'} 

1. A weight of lead hung at a firing, by 
which depths are founded, and perpendicu- 
larity is difcerned. Milton, 

2, Any weight. Dupta, 
PLUMO'SITY. /. {from ^/awow.} Tht 

ftate of having feathers. 
PjLU^MOUS. a, [plumeux, French ^plumofus^ 
Latin.] Feathery ; refembliAg feathers. 


PLUMP, a. Somewhat fat J not lean ; fleek | 

foU and fmoothfc VEJlrange, 

PLUMP./, [from the adjeaive.] A knot? 

a tuft ; a clufler | a number joined in one 

mafs. Sandyi, 

To PLUMP. V. a. [from the adjcaive.J 

To fatten ; to fwell j to make large. Boyle, 

To PLUMP. V. «. [from the adverb.] 

I. To. fall like a ftone into the water. 

1. [From the adjcftive,] To be fwol!en. 


W.UMP. W. With a fudden fall. B. Jobnf, 

PLUMPER ./. Something worn in the mouth 

to fwisll out the cheeks. Swifts 

PLU'MPNESS. /. Fulnefs; difpofition to- 

wards fvlnefs. ' Newton, 

PLU'MPORRIDGE./. [plum and/^oi-r^.j 

Porridgrc with plums. Addison, 

PLU'MPUDDING. /. \}lum and pudding.] 

Pudding made with plums. 
PLU'MPy. a. Plump 5 fat. Shakefpeare, 
PLU'MY. tf. [from plume.] Feathered j co- 
vered with feathers. Mtlton, 
ToPLU'NDER. n^, a, [plunderer, Dutch.] 

1. To pillage j to rob in an hollile way. 


2. To rob as a thief. Pope. 
PLU'NDER. /. [from the verb.] PilJ age; 

fpoils eotten in war. Otivay, 

PLU'NDERER. /. [f torn plunder,] 

1. Hoftile pillager J fpoiUr. 

2. A thief ; a robber. Addtfori, 
To PLUNGE. 1/. a. [plonker, French.] 

I. To put fuddenly under water, or under 
any' thing fuppofed liquid* Dryden, 

a. To put into any ftate fuddenly. Djdefi, 

3. To hurry into any diflrefs. H^att$, 

4. To force in fuddenly. H^atts, 
To PLUNGE, t/. n. 

I. To fink fuddenly into water; to dive. 

2 To fall or ruik into any haxard or di- 

„ft'«^»- Ttllotfon. 

PLUNGE./ -^ 

1. A€t or putting or finking undo- water. ^ 

2. Difficulty J flrait} diilrcfs. Baker. 
PLU'NGEON. /. [m^rgui, Latin.] A fea 
„.^"?- Ainhvorth, 
PLU'NGER. /. [{torn plunge,] One that 

plunges; a diver. 
PLU'NKET./. A kind of blue colour. 
PLU'RAL. a>, [pluralh, Latin.] Implying 

mon than one. ^ Shakefpeare, 

PLU'RALIST. /. Ipluralffle, French.f One 

that holds more ecdefiaftical benefices than 

one with cure of fouls. CoUter,- 

PLURA'LITY./. [pluralit/, French.] 

1. The ftaie of being or having a greater 
«""»J>«'- ^ Bacon, 

2. A number more than one. Hammond, • 

3. More cures of fouls than one. 

4. The greater humber J the majority. 

^ _ L*Eftranffe, 

PLUOlALLY. ad. [from plural,] Jn a fenfe 

implying more than one. 
PLUSH./. [pelMcht, French.] A kind of vilr 

lous or Aaggy cloth J /hag. Bovle, 

PLU'SHER. /. Afea^fiih. Care^v, 

PLU'VIAI,. I a, [from pluvia, Latin.! 
PLU'VIDUS, J Rainy j relating to rain. 

PLU'VIAL./ [plitvial, French.] A prieft^s 

^^P^* Ainfworth, 

To PLY. V. a, [plien, to work at any thinr, 

old Dutch.] 

1. To work on any thing clofely and im- 
portunately. Dryden, 

2. To employ with diligence; to keep 
bufyj tofetonwork. iJudibras, 

3. To praftife diligently. Milton, 

4. To folicit importunately. South, 
To PLY. -v.n, 

1. To work, or offer fcrvice. Addifon, 

2. Togoinhafte. Mi/ton. 

3. To bufy onc^s felf. Dryden, 

4. [Plier, French.] To bend. VEftranze, 
PLY. /. [from the verb.] ^ 

X, Bent; turn; form; caft; biafs. 

2. Plait; fold. Arbuthnot.^ 

PLY'ERS./ See Pliers. 
PNEUMA'TICAL.*) ^ ^ ; , 

PNEUMA'TICK. S "^ [«rviy/*a7iKG,'.] 

1. Moved by wind; relative' to wind. 


2. Gonfifting of fpirit or wind. B^qcort. 
PNEUMA'TICKS./ [pneumatl^ue, French 5 

wgvfjta.] s 

I, A branch of mechanicks, which con- 
4 Z ' fideri 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

P O E 

p ai 

fevers the doftrinp pf the air, or laws ac 
fording to which that fluid is conJenfeds 
rarificd, or gravitates. Harris, 

2. In the fch cols, thedoftrinc offpiritual 
fubftanccs ; as God, ;^ngels, and the fouls of 

pKEUMATO'LOGY. /. [^ y^a%Aoy(a.] 
The doftrineof fpiritira! exigence. 

♦T-o POACH. V. a. [oe^fs pocbe^, French.] 
•|. To boij (lightly. Bacon, 

^. To begin without completing: from 
(he practice of boiling eggs (lightly. 

^ Bacon, 

3. [Pocbefi French, to pierce.] To (tab 5 
to*picrce. Canw, 

4. [From fo(bc, Fr, a pockst.] To plunder 
' by ftealth. ^ Oar$B. 

70 POACH. V, «. Ifromf ccbe, a bag, Fr.]' 

J. To ftejjl game J to ?arry oft' game pri- 
. vateiy in a bag. Oldham.' 

%. To be damp, Mortimer, 

pOA'CH ARE). /. A kin^ of water fowL 
J'OA'CHER. /. [(rom foach.] One who 

fteals game. • More, 

pOA'CfflNESS. /. Mar(hincfsj dampncfs. 

A cant word, Mortimer, 

POA'CHY. a. Damp ; pfiarfhy. Mortitzttr, 
pOCK. /. [from^;f.] A puftulc raifcd by 

the fmallpox. 
PCCKET. /. [pocca, Saxon; fochet^ Fr.] 

The fmail hag inf^rted into clothes. Prior, 
TTo PO^CFCET. t/. a. [^ocbeier, French; 
■ from the noun.] 

I. To put iii the pocket. Pope. 

». *?9 Pocket up. A proverbial form 

that denotes the doing or taking any thing 

cjandeftlnelv, . Prior, 

f O'CK^ETBOOK. /. [p^ch^t and book,\ A 

paper book carried in the pocket for hafty 

notes. Watts. 

PO'CKETGLASS. /. [pocket and gl^s.] 

portable looking glifs. Sivift. 

pO'CKHOLE. /. [pock<inA bole,] Pit or 

'fear mad? by the iriiallpox. Donne. 

PO'CKINESS./. [txoznpocky.\ The (iate of 

being pocky, 
PO'CK.Y. a. [fiom pot.^ Infefted with the 

pox. Derbam, 

POCU'LENT. a. [pccuhm, Latin.] i'itfor 

drink. ■ Bacon, 

fOD.f. [io^^Piitch, a little hpufe.j the 

capfiile of legumes j the cafe of feeds. 

|>QDA^GRICAt.<i. [«-»>» 3/f{)t6j, Wayfa.J 

1. Afflidcd v/ith the gout. Broivn, 

^. Gouty 5 relating to the gOut. 
f C^DDER. /. r'trura pod.] A S?\tbercr of 

pcaf^ccds. ' ' • '■ £JiCf[ 

fODGE./, A puddle ; a plaft. Skinner. 
0-EM. /. [poeniay Latin^; -fBrjf'ufca.] The 
Y/()rk of a poet j a metrical composition, 

• Ben, Jobnjon^ 

PO'ESY. /. [/Xjj/SIf, French J ^ep^ Latin 5 

1. The art of writing poems. B, Jobnfiii, 

2. Poem; metrical com portions; poetry, 


3. A (hort conceit^ engraved on a ring or 
other thing. Sbakefpeare, 

PO^T. /. [poete, French ; ^eta, Latin ; 
VviYjlifc] An inventor; an anthor of fic- 
tion ; a writer of poems ; one who writes 
in meafure. Miltm, 

POmASrm* /. [Latin.] A vile petty 

PO'BTESS. A [from poet i pic^poetris, La* 
tin.] A (he pOet* 

POE^TICAL. 7* a, [vmHin^ -' poeti^ue, Fr. 

POE'TICK. J poeiicus, Lat.J Expreffiidij|k 
poetry; pertaining to poetry; fuitable to 
poetry, - Kale». 

FOE'TIQ ALLY, (id, [rrom poetical.] With 
the qualities of poetry ; by the fidion of 
poetry. Raleigh, 

To POETrZE, V, n. \poetifmr, French ; from 

*poet.] To write like a poet, JDonnt^ 

TOE'TRESS. /. A (he poet. Spenjer^ 

POE'TRY,/. [wow'Tg,..] * ' 

1. Metrical compofition ; the art or prac- 
tice of writing poems, . Cka-vehnd, 

2. Poems ; poetical pieces. Sbakeffeare, 
POrCNAN^CY. /, [frqtn poignant] 

I* The power of Simulating the paUtei^ 
{harpncfs. Sioifu 

2. 1 he power of irritation ; afperity. 
POI'GNANT. a. [poignant, French.] 
\. Sharp; Simulating the palate. Loclt^ 

2. Severe; piercing; painful. Soutk^ 

3. Irritating; faiirical; keen. 
POINT. /. [poinSy point, French.] 

2. The (harp end of any inHrumeflt. 

2. A (^ring with a tag, . Sbakejpear^ 

3 . Headland ; promontpry, ^dififU 

4. A Aing pf an epigram. Dryden^ 
c. An ijidivifxble part of fpace. Lotke, 
0. An indiviiible part of time.; a moment, 


7. A fmall fpacc. Pr/V, 

8. Pundlilio ; nicety, Miit(>n, 
c^. Part required of time or fpa^e; critic4 
moment; exaft place, . Jltterhryif. 
10. Degree ; f|ate. ' Sidruy* 
n. Note of diftinftion in writing; a ftop, 
12. A Q)ot; a part of a furface dividc<i by 
fpots ; divifion by marks, into which any 
thing is diftingui(hed in a circle or otbei 
plane: as, at tables the acre or fife *<?i»f. 
-13, One of the degrees into which tnc cir- 
cumference of the horizon, and the mari- 
ner's compafs, is divided. Ba^on* 
^4.. Particular place tg ^hich any thing is 
direfted, J^raws 
15. Refpe^t; regair^. Sbakifpcare. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

t> 1 


i6« An titn ; the «£! of aiming of (dik- 
ing, ^hakefpeare* 
I 17.- The^artkujlar thiiig required. Rpfiom, 
I 2I. Particulal- J inftancc} example. *7>r«p. 
' 19. A Angle ^fition ; a imgle afl'ertrou ; 
a finglepartof a complicsfted qiieftion; a 
£flgJe part of any whole. Baker, 
to* A note J a tune. Sbahefpeare, 
II. PotntbUnk^ dire^y: ift> an arrow Is 
Aotto the fotntblank, or white mark. 


ia. P^nt de ^fi^ exa^ or^aQly in the 

{(tint of vievr. Bacon, 

TdPBlNT. [from the noun.] 

, t. To fliarpen j ^ forge or grind to a point. 

.«. To AvtCt towaVdi tn objc£l, by way of 
forcing it ott the notiefc. Milton. 

3. To <lire£i the ^ye ai notice. Po^P^. 

4. To Ibew as by direAing the finger. 


5. IPointer, French.] To direct towards a 

6. To diftinguifh by ftops or points^ ^ 
To POINT. V. «. 

«,' To note with the finget 5 to foKe «<pon 
the notice^ by diiediog the finger towards 
it* Ray, 

ft. To diftii^saiih words or fenteocef by 
poilfts. Forbes, 

3^ To ihdicate as dogi ^ to fportimen. 

4. To ftowi Swift, 

POI'NTED. a, or participle, [from fowl,] 
t.. Sharp { liaving a ibarp point or pick. 

t. Epigrammaticid ; abounding in con- 
POmTEDLY^ ad, [frond pointed,] In a 
pointed manner. Dryden, 

POI'NTEDNESS. /. [hom pointed.] 
I* Sharpnefs j pickednefs with afperity. 

Beni Jobnfin, 

t* Epigramtnatical fmartilcfs. Dryden, 

^VKVEL.f, Any thing on a point. Difrb, 

POMffTER./. [homfoiHt,] 

I. Anything that points. ^atts, 

». A dog that pointi out the game to 

fportfmcn. Oay, 

WKNTINGSTOCK./. [painting j^nApcL] 

Somethtng made theobjedt of ridicule. 


FOFNTLESS. a, [from poittt,] Blunt; not 

, ^^mp\ obtufe. Dry dent 

POr«)K./, [peifdti, French.] That which 

deftroys orrn^ureiB life by a finall quantity, 

aid by means not obvious to the fenl^s; 

' nnom. James* 

To POFSON". V. a, [from the nbun. j 

1. To infeftwith poifon. 

a. To attack^ injure or kill by poifon |i* 

irca, % Mas, Xi 

3. T-o corrupt; to tairt Sibaieffidrei 

POrSON-TREE./. [t<,x.tJend,on.]ApUax^ 

POrSONER. /. [from /•/>*.] 

i. One who poifons. Dtydek^ 

». A coiTupter. Souths 

POt^OKOUS. a. [from potftn,] Veno* 

mous } having the qualities of poifon. 

FOl>SONOUSLY. ad, [hK^ta poijowus,] Ve- 

nomoufly. couthf 

POrSONOUSt^ESS. /. [from poifonous ] 

The quality of being poifonouSj Veno* 

POITREL. /. [poi^rel, French.] 

1. Armour for the breaft of a horlb* 


±, A graving tool. jTinfworthk 

POIZE. /. \poids, French.] t 

t. Weight; force of any tiling tending W 

the center. Spenfer^ 

2* Balance; equipoiae; equilibrium. 


3 1 A regulating power. Dryden^ 

To POIZE. V, a. [pefer, French.] 

t. To balance ; to hold ot place in e^tli« 

ponderance. Sidney^ 

%, To be equiponderant to« Sbahfpcarei 

3. To weigh. * Soutbt 

4. To opprefs with weight* Sbakefpearg, 
P0K£. /. [pocca, Siixon -^pocbe, French.] 

A pocket ; a fmall bag. Camden, Drayton* 

To POKE. V. a. [poka, SwctTifli.] To frel 
in thfi dark ; to fearch any thing with a 
long inftrument. B^oivn^ 

PO'fCER. /. [from pcke^ The iron baf 
with which men ftir<hefire. Sivt/t* 

PO'LAR. a, [poiaire, French; ftoth pole.] 

Found near the pole ; lying nCar the pole ) 

- iflu i ng .from t h c pol c . Prioi'^t 

POLA'RITY. /. [from polar,] Tendency, 
to the pple. £K.'w»t 

PO^ARY. a. [polarls, Latin.] Tending us 
the pole ; having a dircflion toward thd 
poles.. Broicri, 

POLE. /. [polusf Latin 5 pole^ French.] 
t. The extremity of the axis of the carf I» | 
either of the points on which the woild 
turns. Milton-, 

%, A long ftaff. Bacon'., 

3. A jrall piece of timber ^tt^taS. Siahjpi 

4. A mcafure of length containing i^^4 
yards and a^half. ^pmftn 

5. An inftrument of me 1 Turing J JUc.r,* 
To POLE. V. a [from the. noun.] To fui- 

mfh with poles. Mon'ivier, 

POarAXE./. [pole and axe.] An axe Hxf.i 

to a l^ng ]ole, h'i>i<L t 

PO'LECAT./. [Pok or Po!}Jb cat.] T\u f.i- 

chew; a ftmking snin.iil. L'r '7/ .-.■•(;,'* 

PO'LEDAVIl-S,/. A fcitofcoatfc c\r.t\C 

4 Z » VCLV" 

Digitized by VjOOQIC ' 

P'O L 


•FdLEWICAL. 1 a, [«roM/t»'Jt?^.] •Cotitr6- 

YOLPMICK: S veifial j difputativc. 

'^ -- :c ..-."' ^ - ' iitiUingfteet, 

POtE'MICK. /. Difputant j cdntrorertift. 

-V' -. '"^' ' * "Po/^tf. 

JPOLB'WOSCO'PE. /. [mi^tf*,^^ and ^*o- 

■' ^la;.] la opticks, is a kind of erooked 

1 or bbli^uf perfpcftivc glafV, contrived for 

' -ftfeing objedts that do notlic dire£tly before 

^ ith* *ye..^ * * ^ DiB. 

^ ' ». A ftar near the pole, by which naviga- 

tori compute their northern latitude ; cy- 

'ndfwe'j l6deftar. Drjden, 

'1, A5f guide or dite^or. 

P©'|.EV-M0UNTAIN./. [/o//«w, Litin.] 

A plant. MtiUr, 

'HyLlCE,'/. [Freneh.] The re|«lation and 

* governpent of a city or couiitiy^ fd fajr as 

FO*UCED. a, [fiom pofic^.} Regulated j 
I rfbrtfkA teio a tf gtilar coorfe of adimniftra- 
ti6n. £acon, 

»piOi*fCYvj/i {«ri»XtTS^^; />o/l/Wi Latin. J 
V 1% Ttoe iartof government, chiefly with 
' ytfpeA to foreign powers, 
*. Are; ^ud<nce ) managefnent of af- 
iairaj ftratagem. Sbakejpeare. 

^3. [Po/lca, SpaniJh.} A waitant for mo- 
ney in the fmblidc funds, 
'fTo?POXIS«. ^. a. [porio, Lat. foiiry Fr.] 

* "i. Tofmoothj to brighten by attrition | 
- I»ngii3fs; OrannAlk. 

a. To make elegant of manner!. M'lbon, 
To FO<£lSH. -f;. », To anfwer to the aft 

of pdlilhing } to receive a glofis. B*cQn, 
rO'USH. / [/o//, pohjlfyre, Fi«rich.] 
'. J. AnificiaJ glofsj brightnefs given by at- 
' tritioh/ ' Neivton, 

^ 2. Eieginfe of manners. Addijsn, 

JPO'LISWABLE* M. [from polifi.^ Capable 

of being poli/hed. ^ 

PO'LISHERv /. [from paVifrS^ The perfon 
' or ijift^rumcnt that gives a glofs, Addijon, 
PGLPTE: a, {folUu,, Latin.} 

1, Giofly } fmooiii. Newton, 

ai Elegant of manners. ' * Pope, 

VOLtlZLY , ad. [(xom polite.} With tle- 
.. gahcd tSi manners ; genteelly. 
POLITENESS. / [poUtfffi^ Ft, from/a- 

Jite.'\ Elegance or rowmeiB 5 gemility; 

%dod-.brteding. Stifift, 

l>OLi*T«€AL. «r. [w&^*t<«cc.] 

i, JLcb^D^ to politick^; relating to the 
. idmirtilltation of publick ^.ffJta, ^/Jo^fn* 

i« Qu^ining j tkiltul. 
POLITICALLY, ad, Iftom pdlitkah] 

J, WUii relation to piiblick adminiAra- 

4. Artfully 5 poll tick I v, '-^ ' KtioiUs, 
ipOUTJCAfSTER./. A petty ignorant pre- 

tendetio politicks. * • 

.POUTi'CUN./. l/.ff/ifitf.V/r, French.] 1 

i. One ttrftA in tlw arta of ^lohr^mtteot | 
one fkilled in politicks. . Dfyden^ 

a. A intif cf artifice^ cmk^ BeepcbiiWit- 
ance. MUto/i, 

PO'LITICK. rf. [<wXm«5ff.J ' 

1. Political; civil. . Temple, 

2. Prudent ; verfed ill aflTairs. ■S^aJkejfeo^'e, 

3. Artful; cunning. Bmcou, 
PO'LITICKI/Y. tfrf. Iftem p^Iitkk.] Art- 
fully; cunniagly. SMtfyfea/t, 

PO'LITICKS. /. {polt'tiqtie, Fr. -wdXiT.ici).] 
The fcience of government; the trt or 
pradice of adminiftriog puHick affaini 

PO'LITURB. /. The glofa given by tht aft 

of polifhing. 
PO'LITY. f, [v\mU,'\ A form of ^ 

vernment; civil coniVitution. Hooker, 

POLL. /. [polk, poJ, Dutch, l^t top. J 

1. The? head. Sbakefpetrt^ 

2. A catalogue or lift of perfonS"^ a re- 
gifter of heads. Sbakejpenre, 

3. A Jifli caUed generally a chtih. A che- 

To POLL. V, n, [from the noun.J 

X. To Jop the top of trees* • - • Baton, 
%, In this fenfe is ufed, p^d Acep, - • 


3, To ^tiW off hair irom-lh* hfead;* to 
clip /hort ; to /hear. Ezikiel, 

4. TonoMr; tfXcrop. ' SBaiJfpeart, 

5. To plunder; toftripj to ptM. 

Spetfer, Sston, 

6, To^ ti^ a lift or lefSfter of ^erfiMis. . 

7, T» enter one's name in ^ lift at regitcr. 


8. To infertjnto a number as a voter. 


PO'LLARD. /. ffrom/o//.] 

I. A tree lupped. SiHoH, 

1. A ^ppe<l coin. - Camden, 

3. The chub iiih. 

PO'LLEN. /. A fine powder, commonlr 
cnderftood by the word farina } as olfo a 
fovt of fine bran. /^ai/^fc 

PO'LLRNGER. /. Bmftwood. '^tr, 

PO'LLER./. [from />#//.] 

1. R^ber; pillager 5 plunderer.- Measn, 
a. He who votes or polls* 

POLLEVIU/. f/«>^and«^.l PtA*i?ii 

' a large fwelling, inftamflMtioa, or impof- 
thumc in the hoiie'a poll ornap^oftbc 
neck. IWrto^VXWfr. 

PO'LLOCK. /. A kind of fifli. Csww. 

To POLLUTE. V. B. \jHiUttOy Larfn.] 
r. Tn make unclean; 4n a rdlgioaff fen^ ; 
to defile* SbiAelpeare, 

ft. To taint with guilt. • JBB/fc*. 

3. Tocorropthy itibtiireaofilK Drjden, 

4. Mihon^U% thia word in fiin -«htointBoa 
cunAruCtion. ' " 

POLLU'TEDNESS. /. [from pt^ku,} Xk- 
iilcmenjt i xit flate of bcin^ ^"^^^ixm 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

V Ol. 


<^itupter. Dfydtn, 

POI^WTIOW. /. l^Iutio, J-adn.] 
. .1^ The aa o# defiling. -4?^;^' 

a. Tb« ftate «fj)einf defiled ^ dtfikmeat. 

P( A cpwardj a mdgitj a 

icoundrel. Sbakefpeare, 

fO'LY, f [paHum, Lit.] An berb. Airuw. 
PCytY. («roAu.] A prefix often found in 

ibe compofition of words detived (tarn the 

Greek» and intiniating multitude t as, ^/j^- 

Mii, a figure pf many angles. 
?0W'ACOUSTICK. a. [vo\2s andaW*.] 

Any thing that moltiplies or magnifies 

.F0I.yA'NTHOS, j: iw9)^ and «»fl^.] 

Afiant« MflUfFU 

POLYfi'DRICAL.l ii. [fcom wx^i^i 
PPLYE'DROUS. J f^yedrg, Fr.] Having 

many fi^t* . Woodwmrd, 

POLY'GAMISt. /. [from^^ji«y.] One 

that h^Ms ^th« lawfuladii of more wives 

than one at a time. 
POLY'GAMY. /. {j>oiygsmie, Fr. ^roXpf*- 

fM.'] Plurality ot wives. -Graunt, 

PO LYGLDT^ a, [woXyfAofT^j polygktte, 
. , Fu} Having many languages. Howih 
PQ'JUVGOI^./. {mXvffandxttvr*.] A fi^re 
. of many angles. Watts, 

PCKLYGONAL. «. [framj^^^M.] Having 

many angles. 
PO'tYGRAM./. [«vXvVand>^;af«^] A 

figure coafifting of a great:number of lines. 
POLY'GRAPHY. /. f eroXu^ and ye^.] 

The art of writing in feveral unufual man- 
ners or cyphers. 
P0I,Y'LOGY./. £flr«Xu\ a»d Xoyoc.] T^- 
. ativenefs. Di£f* 

POLY'MATHY. /. [woXeV and /wa'vflaw. j 

The knowledge of many arts and fciences ; 
. alfo an acquaintance with many diffevent 


Hiving many petals. ' 

POIY'PHONJSM. /. [«roXuV and ^m%,\ 

Multiplicity of found. tierbatik, 

POLY'PODY./. [folypodium, l^irn,'] A 

plaitf. Bacon, 

Polypous, a. [from folypuu'] Having 
. the nature of a polypus j having many 

feet or roots. 
POXY PUS. / [woXvVvc; ^fypiy French.] 
. *,.Ppljpus fignifics any thing in general 
, with ouny roots or feet, at a fwelling in 
. the noflrils; but it is lilcewife applied co a 

tough concretion of grumoos blood in th4 

Jbeart and arteries. Sluimy, 

». A fea animal with many feet. Popt, , 
PO'LYSCOPE./. [flr^Xuffand^K^ri*.] A 

multiplying gUTs, 

PO^-Y'SPAST. /. Mypafle, Fr.] A ma- 
i chjipe confiding of many pullies* 
*<i)iy'SPERMOUS.<i. [w^Kjf andCv^f/ua.] 

Thofe plants at« thus called, wfrich 1hi4« 
more than four Qttds fucceeding each 4iow- 
cr, and this without any certain order '«or 
number. ^in^ 

POLYSYLLA'BICAL. a. [frwn pqfyj^^ 
Jahle } Having many fyllabies 3 ^pettainii^ 
to a polyfyllable. DiA, 


. A word of many fylla^let . Hoidirm 

POLY'SYNDETON. /. [«oXwu»Wcf.] A 
£gftre of rhetorick by which the copukitWe 
is often repeated : as, I came and Urn 4m£ 

POLYTHEISM. /. r«oXt;;and »s5ff.] Th« 
doftrine of plurality of gods. Stillinzjhet^ 

POLY'THEIST./. [^0^9 aitd ^tac.J One 
that holds plurality«f gods. 

PCVMACE./. [ptukaetum^ Lat.] Tht^tdh 
of cyder prefiings. 

POMA'CEOUS. a, [from pmum, Latin.] 
ConfiiHng of apples, PHlipSm 

PO«MADE. /. [pomade, ¥u pmad^ ItaLJ 
A fragrant otntm^t. 

VO*UA\l\>Y.^,f.[fcmmtd'ambrt, TtewSk.J 
A fweet ball ; a perfumed ball or powder. 

FOMAftUM. J. [Ladn.] Anoinhncnt. 

To POMI. tf, n» Tpmrner, Fr.] To grow 

to a round head like an apple. 
POMECI'TRON. /. Ipme and otrmA A 

citron apple. DiSm 

POAIEGRA'NATE. /, fjatmrn granatm^ 


I. The trte, Sbalefpeatr^ 

%. The /Vuit. PeacboMu 

PO'MERO Y. 7 /. A fort of apple. 
PryMEROYAL, 5 Ahfioorliu 

PCMIFEROUS, a, [pomifir, Latin.] A 

ttrm applied to plants which have the 

largefl fruit, and are covored with a thidc 

hard rind. 
PO'MMEL. /. [pcmean, French.] 

1. A round bail or knob. Siting 

2. The knob that balances the blade of' 
the fword. Srdneyi. 

3. The protuberanit part of the fiiddle be- 
fore, Dryden* 

To PO'MMEL. V. «. To beat Mack zxA 

blue; to bruifej tu punch. 
POMP. /, [pmpa, Utin.] 

1. Splendour; pride. Sbaiffpearvm 

2. A proce/Bon of fplendobr ai^d oftenta- 
1 tion. Dryden. Addifon^ 

PO'MPHOLYX. /. Pompbolyx is a whit«, 
lights and very friable fubdance, 'found ia 
cruih adhering to the domes of the fur- 
naces and to the covers of the large cruci- 
bles. HIU, 

PO'MPION, f. [pompon, Fr.] A pumkin. 

PO'MPIRE. /. [pomum and pyrus, Latin.J 
A fort of pearmain. < Ahifu/erithl, 

PO^MPOUS. a. [pomptux^ FrJ Splendid j 

magnificent 5 grand. , Pcpe» 

^ PO(M. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



^^MPOySLY. tfi. (from pmfout,] Mag- 

mikcntly; fpl^ndidly, Dryden* 

PXyMPOySNpSS./. [rroin/.oii«/wj.] Mag- 

> nificjuicej iplendour^ ihowineisj often ta- 

POND. /. A imaU pool or lakt of water ; 

a.bifob; water not ranaiag or emitting 

any ftream. fyoodwgrd^ 

To POND. V. tf. To ponder. S^enfer. 

To PO'NDER. V. tf. [/o«d^i'<;, Latin.] To 

weigh mentally^ to coniider $ to attends 

To FOUNDER, w. «. To th}nk 5 to mufe. 

With on, Drydetu 

PONDERABLE. «. [homf^ndero^ Latin.] 

Capable to be weighed^ menfurable by 

ibalies. Brown, 

PO'ND^RAL.5. [from pondus, Lat.] 1^* 

mated by weighty diAioguiflted from nu- 
meral. ArhutbfioU 
PONDER ACTION. /. [from /«!<*»-«, Lat.j 

The ad of weighing. Arhutbnat* 

PO'NDERER. /. [from pondtr,'\ He who 

I^ONDERO'SITYi /. ffrom pauderdus,] 

Weight J ^gravity ; heavinefs. Brown, 

PO'NDEROUS. *. [f^mUrofuf, Latin.] 

1. ii^vy; weighty. Bacon, 

, j^» IijiportaAt J mpi»e«t9«9.. . .tbAktjj^emru 

3. Forcible $ ilrc»giy impvlfl^^ Ihyden, 
PONDEiR.OUSLy. ad, £fimn fondtitous.^ 

With great weight. 
PO'NDEROUSNESS. /, [Uova fondo^Ui,^ 

Heavinefs ) weight; gravity. B^km 

PO'NDWEED./. A plant.. Anfworth, 
PO'NE^T. a, [jfonente, Italian.] Wcftern. 

J^HIA^D,/. [poignard^ fr. pugh^ Latin.] 

A. dagger ; » uiort ftabUng weapon. Drydeh, 
To PONIARD, v.a.l^iinardur, French.] 

To ft^b with a poniafd. 
PONK.y; Anoaumalfpiritj fthag. 

PO'NTAGIE. /. 0<w,/witfw, bridge.] Duty 

paid for the reparation of iMridges. Ayl^e* 
PONTIFF. /. yontifex, Latin.] 

1. A.priefij ^kisfafm&* Baetn, 
a. The pope. 

PONTIFICAL, tf. \j>0Bfificai, Fr. ponttfica- 
lis, Latin.] 

2. Belonging to ^ high pticft, 

». Popi&. , Baker, 

3. SplelM>^9 magnificent. Sbaktfpemre, 
4* [Frpm ^«M and yado.] Bridge- build- 
ing. Milton, 

PONTIFICAL. /. {pont'tJUfih, Utin.J A 
book eentaining rites and ceremonies ecde- 
fiaf^ical. , .- Stilling fleet, 

PONTl'FICALLY. ad, [from pont^al,] 
In a pontifical manner. 

PONTI'FICATE. /. [pfHtififOtUh Latin.] 
Papacy} popcdoa« jidd^n^ 

PONTinCE. /. [pont^ and /rf«V.] Sri^ 
work ; edifice of a bridge. 

PO'NTLEVIS. /. In horfeminflirp, u « 
di&rderly reiifting aidliofl of a borfe iji dif> 
obedience to hit rider, in which he tears 
up (everal times running. Baihyt 

PO^NTON,/, [Fr,] A floating bridge or in- 
mention to pafs over water : it is made of 
two great boati placed at Ibme diAanoe 
fiom one another, both planked over, as 
is the interval between them, wkh tails 
on their fides. MiTuMry Di8, 

PO'NY. /. Afoiallhorfe. / 

POOL./, [pui, Saxon.] A ladce of ftaad- 
ing water* ' 

POOP. /. [pouppe, Fr. puppit, Lat.] The 
hindmoft part of the ihip. KmtteU 

POOR, a, [pauvre, Fn povre, Spanish.] 
' t. Not rich; in^'gent j nec^QitouS) tfp- 
prefied with want. Pop$, 

2. Trifting; narrow; of little dignity, 
force or valoe. Baco*, 

3. Pakfy; mean; contmptible* Dameu 

4. Unimportant. IS^ft, 
. -S* Unhappy; nneaiy. . . Wkm^ 

. . #« Mean ; deprciied ; low y dejected. 


. 7. fA wordof tendernffe.] Dear. PnV, 

%, [Awoidofnighteontempt.] Wfcttl^ 

9. Not food ;; not fit for any patpofe. 


' 10. Ti&«Poa«. Tho(e,wbo are ia dM 

loweft rank of the community ; thoTe who 

cannot fulfill; bat by the charity of othecti ^ 

• Sptatt, 

J I. Barren ; dry : as, zpoor foil. 

- 12. Lean ; ftnrved ^ emaciated : as, a^ 

. horfe. Ben. Joht^ 

13. Wiehoat ^irit ; fbccld. 
POO'RLY. 4ai. [from^oor.] 
. J. Without wealth. Sidnq, 

2. 'Not proiperoufly ; with little fuecefs. 

3. Meanly ; without fpirit. Sbedt^M*^ 

4. Without dignity. - ^ Wotttlt* 
POORJOHN. /. A fort of fift. 
POO'RNESS. /. [from^^.] 

1. Poverty; indigence; want. Bunett 

2. 34eani^ ; lawnefs ; want of digmtf. 

3. Sterility; barrennefs. Jtedw. 
POCRSPiRlTXD. a. -[poor and fpirit.} 

Mean; cowaidly. DewiHit 


cowavdtcc* Smtb, 

POP. r, [p^ppyjnu, Latin.] A iinail fmsrt 

qmck found. Ad^» 

To POP. V. n, [from the no«n.] To move 

or enter with a 4«ick> fudden and unex^ 

peded. motion. Shakespeare, Sitfjfi* 

T«POP, Vr«, 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 



<t. To put out or in faddenly, (Kly or «a- 
expededly. Shaiijjbeare, 

». To fhift. Locke, 

POPE. /. [>tf^, Lat> «r«»»«c.] 

I. TbebifliopofRome. . Feacham. 

&• A iVaaJl £/b, by feme called a ruffe. 

PCyPEDOM* /. [><^ a^d ifow.] Papacy j 
paaal digfi^. Shake^eare, 

tOtpiKY. f [from ^o^«.] The religion of 
* the cburcb of Rome. Swift, 

PCyPESEyE. /. [/»o/>tf and eye,^ The gland 
' ibrroundcd- wit^ t^X in the middle of the 

PCyPGUN, y: [pap and ^ff] A gun with, 
which children play, chat only makes a 
Doife. Chtyne, 

PQPPNfAy./. [paf^gay* Dutch} pofa^ 
f^, Spagiih.] 

1. A parrot. Ajcbam* 

2. A woodpecker, ' 

3. A trifling fop^ Sbaktfpeare, 
PG'PISH. a. \itQmpope,\ Taught by the 

pope J peculiar to popery. HookfTt 

PP'PISHLY. ad. [tsom pop'ip,^ With ten- 
dency to popery } in a popilh mannjBr. 


POTLAR./. [feupn$r, Fr. populus, Latin.] 
A tree. 

PCyPPy. /. [popiS, Sax. papavtr, Lat. J A 
plant. Of this there are eighteen fpecies. 

PO'PULACE. /, [populace, Fr, frompopw 
lut, Lzt,] The vulgar J the multitude. 


pCypULACY. /. [populace, Fr.] The com- 
mon people; the multitude. 

Pecaj of Fitty, 

pO'PULAR. a„ [populaircg Ft, popularity 

1. Vulgar $ plebeian. Milton^ 

2. Svitable to the conunon people. Hooker, 

3. Beloved by the people ^ pleadng to the 
people. Jlooker, Clarendon* 

4. Studious of the favour of the people. 

$4 Prevailing or raging among the popu* 
lace: as, a />o/>»i^r diftemper. 

POPULA'RITY./. [popularUas, Lat.] 
X. Gracioufnefs among the people ; ftate 
of being favoured by the people. . Dryden, 
2. Repreientation fuitcd to vulgar concept 
tion. Bason, 

PaPULARLY. ad, [from popular.} 
1* in a popular manner | io as to pleafe 
the crowd. Drydtn, 

%, According to vulgar conception^ 


ToPO'PULATE. V. n, [(xom popufus, Lat. 
people.] • To breed people. SacoHt 

POPULATION, /. [from populate,} The 
Aate of a country with rcipeit tp nunibcrs 
pf people. ^C9n, 

POPULO'SITY. /. [from ptpnimu} P^ . 

puloofnefs; multitude of peofie. Bromm, 
VO'?VLO\JS. a, [populofus, Ux,} Full of 

people ; numeroufly inhabited. MUtw,. 
PO'PULOUSLY. ad. [from populous.} With 

much people. 
PO'PULOUi^NESS.y: [from/<^0«>.] Th^ 

ftateof abounding with people. Temple* 
PO'RCELAIN./. [porcelalne, French.] 

I. China $ china ware. Browum 

a, [Portulaca, Lat.] An herb. Jiiiifwertbm 
PORCH,/, [porcbe, Fr. portUui, Latin.] 

1. A roof iiipported by pillari before « 
door j an entrance. Ben, Jobnfon* 

2. A portico J a covered walk. 


PO'RCUPINE./. [pore e^i or epic, French.] 
The porcupine, when full grown, is as 
large as a modesate pig : the qoills, witit 
which its whole body is covered, arc black 
on th6 ihoulderi, thighs, fides and belly ; 
on the back, hips and loins thty are vaaie- 
g^ted with white and pale brown : tbert is 
no other difference between the pqreupine 
of Malacca and that of Europe, but that 
the former grows to a larger fite» * &IU 

PORE./, [pore, Fr. erog^.] 

I. Spiracle of the (kin ; pailage of perfpi* 

9 ration. BacsM* 

a. Any narrow fpiracle or paiTage. 


Toi*ORE. V. n. To look with great in- 
tenfeneis and care. Siakefpeare, 

PO'REBLIND. a, [commonly written pur* 
blind.} Nearfightedf ihortfighted. Baeen* 

PO^RINESS. /. [from pory.} FuUncls of 
pores, Wifeman. 

PORPSTICK meibod. [wo^nn.} In m>4 
thematicks, is that which determines when, 
by what means, and how many different 
ways a problem may be refolved. Di3. 

PORK. /. [porct Fr. porcus, Lat.] Swines 
ffefli unfi^lted. Floyeri 

POa(.K£R./. [fcon/eri.] Ahog; a pig« 


PO'RKBATER. /. [pork and eater.} Ont 
who feeds on podc Shakefpeare, 

PO'RKET,/. [ii-om/or*.] A young hog. 


PO^RKLING. / [from pork.} A young 
pig' ^#^«. 

POROSITY. /. [from porouu} Quality 
of having pores. Baton, 

PO'ROUS. a, [poreuXf Fr. from ^ore.] Havi 
ing fmall fpiracles or pailages. Milton, 

PO'ROUSNESS, /. [from per4ms,y TU 
quality of^having. ppres« -^ -^V^* 


ritesf Lat,] Macble 

PO'RPHYRE. 7 /. [from «roe<^u> ; p»^ 

of a particular kind. Laeke0 

PO'RPOISE. " ' " 


7 /. [pore poiffhti, FnJ The 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 

p on 


iPORkAtJEOUS, tf. [jporraeeus, Lat. ^w- 
wre, French.] Grccnilh. Tf^ifeman. 

FORHE'CrrON. /. ^«5», Latin.] The 
•A of reaching rortn. 

PfyRRET, / IfKfrrmft, Lat.] A fcalljonr. 


f<yit]tR)Gl./. lfromp$rrum, Lat. a leek. J 
Tood made by boiling meat in water j 
^roth» Sbakejfeare, 

FO*RRIEKJEPOT. /. [forridge and f>ot.'\ 
t The pot iff whkh meat is b^d for a fa- 

. mily. 

FCyRRWGBR./ Utomforri^,-] 
>• A velTtl in which broth is eateit. 

S. It feems in Sbakejpeari^ time to have 
^ca » wosd of contempt for a headdrefs. 

TOtCr. f, [f9rt, Fr» fyorttts, Latin.] 
9* A harbour } a fafe ftation for fhips» 

a- [?orftr^Lat,] A gate. Shew all thy 
fraifcs within the /»rfi ofthe daughter of 
Sbn» PJalms, 

3. The aperture in a ihip, at which the 
gun is put out. Rahigh, 

4. Carriage I air^ mien; manner j^ bear^ 
i«g* Fairftix, 

To* FORT. V, tf. [porto, Lat. forter, Fr.J 

To carry in form. Milton. 

I^CyRTABLE. a. [fortabiiis, Latin.] 

I. Manageable by the hanfd. 

». Such as may be borne along with one. 


^ Such ts is tran ported or carried from 

one place to another. Locke, 

4. Suffcrable; fupportable, Sbakefpeare, 
.iHyRTABLENESS./. [from />orw^/tf. J The 

quality of being portable. 
PCyRTAGF./. [portage, French.] 

>. The price of carriage. 
, %, Porthole^ ShakeJpeSre. 

WRTAL. /. [fortatl, Fr. porrella, Ital.J 

A gate} tne arch tinder which the gate 

opens. Sandy t, 

PO'RTANCl./. [from porter, Fr.] Air 5 

mien $ port ^ demeanour. Spenfer, 

PORT A'SS. /. A breviary i a prayer book. 

, Camden, 

VOKTCU^ILIS,!/, [poreecoulifi^Yr,] A 

PO'RTCLUSE. 5 fort of machine like a 

harrow, hung over the gates of a city, to 

be let down to keep out an enemy. Spenfer, 
To PO'RTCULLIS. v, a, [from the noun.] 

To bar j to ihut up. Sbakefpeare, 

POUTED, a, [porter, Fr.] Botnc- in a 

certain or regular order* 
To PORTE'ND. V, a. [portendo, Lat.] To 

foretoken; to foreihow As omens. 

f ORTE'N&ION. /. [frota (mend.) The 

a^offorptokemog. • ^ro^n. 

PORTFNT. /. Iportentam, Lat.] Omeft 
of ill ; prodigy fortokeniflg mifery. 


PORTE'NTOUS. a, Ipottenfofiis, Lat. from 
portent,'] Monftrous; prodigious; fore- 
tokening ill. RofiommoM* 

PO'RTER./. [portier,Tu fr<m porta^ l^U 
a gate.] 
z. One that ha» the charge of die .gatfib 

Ben, Jobnfon^ 
2. Onie who waits at the door to reccite 
meflagcs. Poft, 

. 3. One who ctrriet borthedt ftr hire. ' 


PO'RTEilAGE. /. [from porttr.l Money 
paid for carriage. 

PO'RTESSE^. Abi«^ary. 

PO'RTGLAVE./ f/«t«r tnd^ij/^w, Fn 
andErfe.} A fword- bearer. ^ijitvirib*. 

PO'RTGRAVE. 7 /. [porta, Lafi;. and 

PO'RTGREVE. J gra^e, Tcut. a^kcep. 
er.] The keeper of agate. Obfolete. 

PO'RTICO. /. [porthftts, Lat. portico, Itat.} 
A covered walk ; a piazza. Dtyden^ 

P0*RTION. /. [portion, Fr. portio, Lat.J 
J. Apart. U^alkr, 

2. A part aligned; am allotment ; a di- 
vidend. ^ Watter, 

3. Part of an inheritance given to a child ; 
a fortune, Fritar, 

• 4. A wife's fortune. 
To PO'RTldN. V. a, [from the noon.J 

1. To divide; to parcel. R&we* 

2. To endow with a fortune. Pope. 
POUTIONER. /. prom portion,} One 

that divides. 
PO'RTLINESS. /. [from portfy^J Digmty 
of mien; grandeur pf demeanour. 

PORTLY, a, ffrom /•©rf.] ' 

1. Grand of mien, Spenfer, 

2. Bulky ; fwelling. Sbake^^eaf$> 
PO'RTMAN. /. [fort and wan.} An ia- 

habitant or burgeis^ as thofe of the cinfoci 

PORTMA'NTEAU./. [portemanttau, Fn] 

A cheft or bag in which clothes are carried^ ' 


PO^TRA^T. /. [pourtratt, Fr.] A pic 

tore drawn after the life. Pfwr« 

To PO'RTR AIT. v. a. [pourtraire,TT.] To 

draw ; to portray, Spenfer^ 

PO'RTR AITURE. /. [peurtraitnre, Frcn.} 

Pifture 5 painted ivfemblance. ' Brown, 
To POlCTRAy. V, a, [pourtratre, Fr.] 

z. To paint ; to defcribe by pidlure. 

2. To adorn with pictures. Mlm, 

PO'RTRESS. /. [from porter,} A femal? 

guardian of a gate. ^wjfr, 

PO'RWIGLE./. A tadpole or young fftg 

not yet fully ftaped. Bfowi, 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



T<| P^E. If. 4. 

or ftop. ' Btrktrt, 

2^1V>|ppd$j to interrogate* ., Sacon^ 

FO^K. / (fron»/^*.l One that aikcth 

. ^AoJid to try capacities } an exaounor*- 

l*OSrT3Bb. *. f ^2^f*»> I-atiD.l Placed | 

P6$I'TI0N. /. IpofitiWfTr. fofaiop Utit.J 

«• firiqiciple laid Aoihi. Hooker, 

3. A4vtflcAn«ni«f Miyfrindple. Mrvum* 

4* (l» f rammar.] Tlie ftate^<^ a- vmfel 

placed before two confonants. 

POSHriONAL. J. £fioite/^»».] Re- 

; ipe^ingpoiiti^Q. JSmm* 

PtySlTlVE. 4?. i;/)9i»kr«f, LatinO 

2. Not negative i capable of beiag affirms 
, f»d| real; abfolute* Loike» 

1. Abfoiute ) particular i dkt€t ; not im- 
plied. Sston^ 

3. Pogmatical; ready to lay ^SawnBotiona 
with conR^lence. Jlyatfr. 
A. Settled by arbitrvy apiointment. 

.... Hotter. 

5. Having the power to eeait any law. 

f. Certdn ; afTored. jMmorth, 

PO'SltlVEl-y. sd, Ifrothpi/kkfi.j 
X. Abfoliitely | by wi^ of dutcA poftian. 

^ B>a€on» , 

ft. NAnefathrdy. Bentley. 

3. CeiViiiilyi vtithout dabitadcn. . . 


4. Pereinptortliy \ in (bang terms. Spratu 
P0»S1TIVENESS. /. [Uompofiit^.'] 

!• AAualbofr; Ape aure- ncgalSkMi. 

1. PcfemptoHnefi } Anfidente. 

Government of the Tot^ue^ 
POSITI'VItY./. ffifom/o/'««-] P*»emp<. 
tarincfei confidence. A low ward. 

POSTURE. /. Ifofitura, Lat.] The man- 
ACT in which aay thing is placed* 


PO^»T. /. {from h^m, Fr.J A litiie 

bafon } a ^pomnger ; a /k:llet. Btf^n. 

iC^SSM. /. [Latin.] Aa arme4 po%#er. 

A low word, Ba^on» 

ToFOSSF.'SS. «.^. [/o^Jw^Latin.] 

S« Te^ave av aw owner f ro be vaaAer of; 

ta efiJo)t or occupy a£buiily« , Carew, 

*. To icize } to cbuin. Et^fward, . 

3. To give po^fiion or command of any 
thing { to make mailer of* Slmke^ 

4. To AH witli finntthing fixed. 

5. To have pvwer ovei^ w an untJean 
•^f«t« Rofcommon. 


POS$E'SSION. fi rA2^2»t;&- AAPA» 
. tat!n.] Tbeftategr^otr««a^«r lisvfiagiil 
. one*s own handi or power. . i . 1 • 
PO'SSESSIVE. a. [ft^fffivni, Latin.] Hav- 
iDg po0e^om ^ ' ' * I ^ 

]t>0'I^ESSORY. «. {pMp>i^,¥n'h%m 
; podeflioD. 

• .^y^*) Having pof&moo. HaneU 

POSSE'SSOUR. /, [/>e^i^^i^>iB^» 
P^ewh.J Owoacf milcB^) propnetar; 


P(ySSBT«/* (^^Lalin.] MWcckifdMi 
with wine or any acid. SiuJUkig* 

To PO'SSET. V. a, (fiwn the noon.] T* 

. tarn j to cardie : as mitk wo^ a<Ms« ■ 

POSSIBl'LITY. /. [ptj^int/, Fr.] The 

poweraf being Ilk toy manner i tbtfftiftedf 

bei«§pofible« ^ Netfris. 

PO'SSIBLE. a. [pofflbk, Fr. f^ms, Ut.] 

Having^ the powier to. he or to be done} 
, < not contrary to the nature of things. 

PCySSIBLY. ad. [htrnpofftHt^l 

^.'By any power really eufttng^ • 

Hooker. M^kofh 

«.. Perhaps ; without abfuidity. Clartndon* 
POST. /. [fofie, French.} 

I. Ahaftymeffengerj acoDrierwhocomea 
V knd.gan at ftated times. Mou Joknfen, 

%. (%ick ca«fieovinaaDcraf taavoliiag. 

3. Sitaation; fcat# ' Buttfer^ 

4. Military Nation. Add^n. 
.5. Place J employment; oflice. Co//ier» 
6, , A place bf tiniber fet eteit* ft^ottok. 

To POST. V. a. C/j^, Fr. #om tha 
AOttn.] To travel with %adr 

To POST. V. 4f. 

Y. To fix oppi«brioa0y on poftt. 

St. [P^^cr^ Fr.] Toplaeei to Ration ; to 

fix. ' ^difin. 

• 3. To vegifter metbodkallyf t«tranicrilif 

from one book into aaather. Arhvtkmot. 

4. To delay. Shake^e^e^ 

PO'STAGE. /. [fVom/^.J Money paid for 

convryance of a letter. Dryden^ 

PO'STDOY, /. £/^.and^.] Courier^ boy 

that rides poft. Tatkr, 

To PO'STDATB. <r. a. [ftft, after, Latins 
. and^^Mf.] To data later than the real 

POSTDILU'YrAN. a. [fofl zn^ dikvitm, 

Latin.} Pofterlor to the A<K>d» ^oodtvard^ 
POSTDILU'VIAN. /. Ipofi znd diht^hm, 

Latin.] One that lived finoe the flood. 

PO'STER. /. [from ^,] A eoutier 5 one 

that travels haftily. Sbakefpeare. 

PPSTE'JUOR^ a. [ ^/«ficr, Ijtin. J 

5 A ' . I. Hap- 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

P o s 

F a T 

t. Happening after ; placed ifter ; kU 

lowing. Bacon, 

». Backward. Poffc, 

POSTE'RIORS./. [^jf«nVtf, Latin.] The 

hinder parts. • 5w^. 

POSTERIO'RITY./. [ p^fleriorit/, Trtnch ; 

ffotti pofierlor.] The ftate of being after j 

tj^^o&th to priority. Hah, 

l^OSTE'RITV. /. [pofieritM,UX\n.'] Sue 

ceeding generattionsj defcendants. Smalridge, 
TCSTERN. /. [pofiimt, Dotch.] A ftnall 

gate ) a little door. Fairfax, 

POSTEXI'STENCE. /. [^^^mnd ixifience,] 

Future exiftence. /Iddifin, 

POSTHA'CKNEY. /. [pofl and backney,'\ 

Hired pofthorits. JVotton, 

POSTHA'STE. /. [pofi and i^^/^.] Haftc 

like that of a courier. Hahewtll, 

T^O'STHORSE./. [/d/ and bwje.} A horfc 

(hitiofied for the ufe of couriers. Sbaiefp, 
PCSTHOUSE. /. I poft 2nd toufe.'i Poftof- 

fice ; hoafe where letters are taken and 

difpatcbed. fTatts, 

PCSTHUMOUS. a, Ipoflbumus, Lzt. pqft- 

jbtfiM, French.] Done, had, or publiflied 

after one*8 death* AdMfon, 

PO^StlCK. a. [pofileus, Latin.] Backward. 

PO'STIL. /. [pc/frik. Ft. poJfWa, Utin.] 

GI0&; marginal notes^ 
!J»oPO'STIL. v,a. [from the noun.} To 

gk>f8 1 to iUullrace with marginal notes. 

POSTI'LLER. /. [from^^i/.] One who 

glofles or illuftratet with maiiginal notes. 

POSTl'LLKW. /. [/^7foi», French.] 

I. One who guides the firft pair of a fet of 

£zhorfesinacoacb. ^ ^atUr, 

l« One who guides a poft chaife. 
POSTLIMI'NIOUS. a, [jxfitimfmum, Lat.] 

Done or contrived fubfequently. Sowtb, 
POStMA^STER. /. [/tf^and«w/»r.]Onc 

who has isbargc m pubUck co»veyaace of 

letters. / Speaa»r, 


prefides over the pofttor letter- carriers. 
POSTMEkl'DIAN./i. [^/wiwiittwirt, Lat.] 

Being in the afternoon. Bacorr, 

PO'STOFFICE. /. [pofizTid office.] Office 

where letters arc dehvefcd to the poft ; a 

pofthoufe. S'Wift. 

ToPOSTPO'NE; 'v, tt, [poMpono, Latin.] 

T. To put ofF) to d«lay. Dryden, Rogers, 

1. To fet in value below fomcthing elir. 

POSTSCRIPT./, [pop Mifcriprum, Ut.] 

The paragraph added to the end of a letter, 

Tc POSTULATE, v. a. [poftulo,lAU poftu- 
ler, French.] To beg oT alTumC without 
proof. Brown, 

PO'STULATE./. [poflu/stutih Latin.] Pa- 

fition fuppofed or HflTumed without ptodfr 

POSTULA'TION./. [poftulath\ tat.] The 

9& of fuppofing without' proof ; gratuitous 

affumption. ftrfr, 

PO'STULATORY. a. [from pojlulati,} 

I. Affuitoiog without proof. 

•f. AiTumed without proof. Srovfii, 

POSfWLj^TUM. f. [Latin.] Pofitionaf- 

fumed without proof. jiJdifin* 

PO'STURE./. [pofture, Tr.pofitura, Latin.] 

1. Place; fituation. Hak* 

2. Voluntary .coUoeation tff the parts of 
the body with refpeft to each other. Souths 

3. State ; difpofition. Clarenikn. 
To PO'STURE. V. a. [from the noun.] To 

put in iny particular place oi' difpofition. 


POSTUREMA'STER. /. [pofiure and maf^ 

. r^.] One who teaches or pra^fes artificial 

contortions of the body. SpeQator* 

PO'SY. /. [contnaed itomfo^,] 

1. A motto on a ring. Aidifn, 
' a. A bunch of flowers. Spenftr, 
POT* /. [pot, Fr. fotte, Iflandick.] 

J. A veflel in whid» meat is boiled on the 
fire. Dfyien, 

2. Vefiel to bold liqtridSr Jd». 

3. Veffti made of earth. Murt'mer, 

4. Afmallco]»« Prior, 

5. To 1^ to Pot. To be deih-oyed or de- 
voured. VBpranft^ 

To POT. V. a, [from the noun r] 
. l« To preferve feaibned in pots. Dryden, 
2. To inclofe in pots of earth. Evdp, 

PORTABLE, a. [poeahie,Tr. potaUKs^lM.] 
Such as may be diank } drinkable. 


PO^TABLENE^./. [fiom^/«^i^.}I^« 

POnPAGIRr/. Ikom pettage,2 Aponia- 
ger. Grew^ 

POTA'RGO. /. A Weft Indian pickle. 


Pp'TASH. /. Potap is an impure fixed al* 
caline fait, made by burning from vege* 
taMes: we have five kinds. X* The Ger- 
man pctajbf fold under the nam^ of pear!« 
aihes, 2. The Spani(b» called barilia, made 
by burning a fpecies of kali, a plant. 

' 9. The ]M>mft-mide potajh, liiade front 
fern. 4. The Swedifh, and 5. Ruffiao 
kinds^ with a volatile acid matter com' 

. bmed with them ; but the - Ruffian is 

ftronger than the Swedifli, wMch is made 

of decayed wood only : the KMwpouJb 

Is gieatly preferable to atf the other kinds. 


POTA'TION. /. [potstio, Latin.] Drink- 
ingbout j draught. Shakifpesn, 

POTA'TO. /. [I fuppofc an Amerian 
word.] Ah cfcukut root, H^aller, 


Digitized by VjOOQIC^ 

P o t 


l»OTBE'LLIE!>. «. [fctznlhetfy.'} Having 
- a fw6ln paunch* 

i»OTBE'LLY. /, (pot and ieiiy.] A fwcnins 
paunch. ' Arbuthnst^ 

ToPOTCH. v,a, [pocber, French.] 

1. Tothru/l,' to pufh. Sbahjpean. 

. 2. [Pocber, French.] To poach 5 to boU 

lllgbtir. • Wifeman. 

POTCOMPA'NION. /. A fellow drinker j 

J good fellow at caroufals. 
tPCKTBNCY. / [fxftenria, Latin.] 

Tk Power; influence, SbahJ^eare^ 

1. Efficacy $^ f^renf th. Sbakejpeare, 

-POTENT, a. [potens^ Latin.] 

]• Powerful; forcible } ftrong; efficacious. 

a» Having great authority or dominion : 
MSf pttnt notonarchs. 
POTENTATE./, [potentaf^ Ffcnch.] Mon- 
arch ;. prince ; fovereign. DtmUl^ 
PQTE'NTIAL. a. [potenciil, Fr, pctentialis^ 

I. Exifting in poifibility, not in a£^. KaU 
S. Having the effect without the external 
ai^ual property. Sbakefptare^ 

3«, EftcacioU8} power&l. Sbakefpearu 
4.* [In grammar, j Potential is a mood de-* 
noting the poffibihty of doing any a^ion* 
POTEHTIA'LITY . /. [Uom potaitiah] 

Poffibility ; not aduality* Taylor^ 

FOTE'NTIALLY. fid, {fum p<itential7\ 

. i.^ In power ai poflibiiity ^ not \h aft or 

pofitivchr* Pent fey, 

, %0 In efficacy ; not in adualily. Boyle. 

POTENTLY. aJ. [(torn potent.} Power- 

X ft^y # • foscibly * Bofon.. 

POTENTNESS. /. [from ptmu} Powers 

Aline Is J might; power. 

^TGf^N. /. A gun wiii«b makes a fhiall 

fmarc noife. Stvifi, 

POTHA^NGSR./, [/ft and im^H Hook 

-^ or branch on which the pot is hangover 

POTHECARY. /. [from apotbecary.] One 
, wh0 compounds and fells pliyftck. 
POTHER. /. [pouJre, French,, dufl.] 
X. Buftle; tumult; flutter. Guardian. 
%. 'Sufl^KatiAg-cloud. Drayton. 

To POTHER. V. a. To make a bluf^r ing 
iiieffe^ual effort. L^cke, 

JfQ^miLRB. /. [ jw and A^i.] An herb fit 
for the pot. Dryden. 

POTHOOK. /. [pot and b^okA Hooks 10 
fa^ev pots or kettles with j aJfo iU fonried 
or fcrawUng letters or charadest. 
PORTION. /. [p9ti»M^ Rr. potio, Latin.] A 
draught I .commonly a phyfical draught. 

PjC^JLIDt /. Ipot and Vtd,\ The qover of a 
-pot. Darbamt 

>atSHE4RD./, Ip^t^xAfiard,} A frag- 
ment of a broken pot* Sandy u 
POTTAGE. /. [pota^e, Fr, from pot.] Any 
tbini boiljcd qi deco^ld for food. Qenej^u 

POTTER. /. [ potter f Fr. from *ef.] A 

maker of earthen veflds. Mortimer^ 

PO'TTERN.ORE. /. Which ferves the 

potters to glaze their earthen veflels. BoyU* 
PO'TTING./. [from/K»/.] Drinking. 

POTTLE./, [from^f.] Liquid meafure 

containing four pints. Ben. yobnfon, 

POTVA'LIANT. a. [pot and va/ioftt.l 

Heated with courage by llrong drink/ 
POTU'LENT. a.lpoiu/entfts, l^tin.j 

X. Pretty much in delink. 

2. Tit to^ drinj^. 
POUCH. /. [pocbe, French.] 
' I. A fmall bag ; a pocket* ' Shttrp, 

s. Applied loScroufly to a big belly or a 

To POUCH. V. g^ 

I. To pocket. Tu/Jet, 

ft. To (wallow. Derbam» 

3^ Tb pout ) to hang down the lip. 
•POU'CHMQUTH:fD. a. [pQudfAnAmoutb' 

ed,"] Blubkcriippcd, Aiufworth. 

PO'VERTY./ [pawvret/, French.] 

1. Indigence J neceflity) wa^t of riches. 


s. Meannefs; defe£^. Bacon^ 

POU'LDAVIS. /. A fort of fail doth. 

POULT./ [^tt/iff, French.] A young chic- 
ken. Kini. 
POU'LTERER./ [(rompeub.] One whoTe 

trade is to fell fowls ready for the cook. 

POU'LTIOE. / f/Wrir, Latin.] A cata- 

phifm; a foftipollifying application. S^v'xtt, 
To POU/LT^CE. V. a. [ftom the noun. J 

To appk a poultice or cataplafm. 
POU'LTIVE. /. [A word ufed by %empU.1 

A poultice. 
POU1.TRY. / [poules^ Frendj.] Domef- 

tick fowls. Drydfn% 

POUNCE. /. [ponxoney ^l|an<] 

U The cjaw or talon gf ) biid pC prey... 

2. The powder of gam fi^ndara^, fo tall* 
ed, ^e^aufe it is throwji upon^p^ through 
a perforated box. 

To POUNCE. V. a, [/f^ii^omirf^ Italian.] 
f. To pierce J to perforate. Bacon. 

2. To pour or fgrinkle throygh, (m^ll pei:- 
fotations. Bacon* 

r). To frixe wit]i tlje popoces ois talons. 

PbU'NCED. a. {from puunce.\ Furniffco* 
with claws or talons. ^bom/on, 

POU'NCETBOX. /, [pounce ^Tk6 box.] 4 
fmall b<)3^ perforated. S bake/peart ^^ 

POUND. /. fpont, pun*i), Saxon.] 

_ X. A certain weight, CQnfifling ifi tr(« 
weight of twelve^ in averdu^is oi to^eil 

%. The furo of twenty fhillingSv A4rAwt 
3. [From pin*^an, Sinton.] A. pinfold;, 1^ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



laclpfure} a priibyi \n which botft«^«r«i»- 

dofed. Swift. 

To POUND. V. «. [puQian, Saxon,] 

I. To beat 5 to grind with a peftle^^a/i^. 

Z, To ihut up 3 to iinprifon, a& in a pound. 
.TOU'NDAGE./. [from *«««/.] 

1. A certain mm deduced from a pound, 

2. Payment rated by the weight of the 
commodity. CUrendoi^^ 

POIKNDER./. rfrom)>*aai.J 

1. The name of a heav^ large pear. Swift • 

2. Any perfon or thing denominated from 
a certain number of pounds : as, atm poun* 
der, a gun that cairrib a buUet of ten 
founds weight. Swift* 

3. Apcftle. 

POU'PETON. /. [foupe'k, French] A pop- 
pet «r little baby. 

POU'PICTS. /. In cookery, veal ft^es and 
flices of^ bacoD. , Bailq* 

To POUH. V. a. [iivrw, WelA.] 

I. To let fome Jiquid out of a veiTel^ fr 
into fome place or receptacle. ^ Exidus, 
' 2* To emit 5 tdgive vent to }.to fend forth j 
to let out \ ,to iend in a continued courle. 

To POUR. V, n. 

I. To iircam } to ftow# 

ft. To rufli tomultuoufly. Pope* 

POU'RER.y; [from /cor,] One that poors. 
POUSSE,/. The old word tor /»<w/^. &p€nfer. 
i>OUT. /. 

1. A kind of fiA| acod-fifli. 

2. A kind of bird. Cartw, 
To POUT. V, n. [bmufy French.] 

i. To look fujieo by thruftiog out the lips. 

2. To gape ; to hang j>romineot. JVifem, 
PO'WDER. f. [poudre, French.] 

J. Duft ; and body commintttod. Exodus* 
%, Gunpowder. Hayw0r4< 

^, Sweet duft fr>r the hair. flerUrt, 

To PONDER. 1/. <f. [from the noun.] 
1. To reduce to duft^ to comminute^ to 
pound fmatl, 

a. [Poudrerf, Fr.] To iprinkle, as with 
duiL Doanfm 

3. To fait J to fpriaklc with fait. 

T<* PO'WDER. V. w. To come tumoltu- 
oufjy and violently, VEJirafige, 

PO'WDERBOX. /. Ipowder and boxA A 
box in which powder for the hair is kept. 


PO'WDERHORN. /, j/^owJ^r ?nd i6or«,] 
A horn caie in which powder is kept f^r 

|>0'WDERM|LL./. [p(md4r and ;pi7/.] The 
mill in which the ingredients for gunpGwder 
are ground and miBgled, ^rbutj^ot. 

PO'WPEK'RQQM. /t [^w^ajvlrw»4 

. Thf p«rt of a ihip ui vthwk thegvof oifii|f 
is kept. ^TaZ&r, 

PO'WDER.pHESTS. /. Woo4«tB trianga- 
lar chefts filled with gunpowder,, pebble- 
Aones, and fu^Ji like mat;erials, fet o« fiie 
wh^n a /hip is boarded by an ene0jr. 

PO'WDERING-TUB. / (powder ^nd tub.} 
J. The veiTel in which meat is falted.. 

2. The place in which an in&^edkcber 

is phyikked to preferye him fro^n potre* 

, fa^lion. Sbahfpeare, 

>0'WDERY. a. [j>oudrti», Fr, from pow 

</<;>.] Duily} friable. H^oodwrd* 

PO'WER./. [/>*«^w, French.] . 

1. Command 3 authority j dominion ;, in- 
fluence. jSbabefp^re, 

2. Influence; prevalence upo^* Sofon, 

3. Ability) force; reach. Boakif* 

4. Strength ; motive ; fyrcc, Lofke, 

5. The moving force 9f. 9n eflgioe, 

€» Animal firength | natuial ftrcogth. 

7. Faculty of the mind, Daviest 

8. Government^ tight of foverntng. 

9. Sovereign; poteatate* Addifnu 
yo. One invefij^d with domini^ii. Dfvicf. 
Iir Divinity, Davies, 
xa. Hod; army; military forc«« Kntlith 
13. A large ouantil^; a gr^at aumber* 

PQ'WERABLE. a. [from/>owir.] Cip^ble 
of performing any lhiog« ^ament 

POWERFUL, a. [powtr ^ ftilL] 

1. Invefled with c6mxQa94 of sgKhority; 

2. Forcible; mighty* Ji^on* 

3. ^fficaqjows,. 
PO'WERFULLY. 4^. ffrom^owr^} Po- 
tency ) mightUjT J emcadoufly ; forcibly. 

PO'WERFULNESS. /. [from ^ow«r>/.] 

Ptfwer; e^acy ; might.. H0klm* 

PO'WERLESS. a. [from^ow^.] Weak; 

itxmotent, SbaJUgnarU 

POX. /. [poccar, SaxoB.] 

1. Puftules; eiBoocicencies; etanthema* 
tous eruptions. , 

2. The venereal difeafe. Jf^ifetnan^ 
POY. r, [tf|,^», SpaniA 5 apfity, p^ 

French.] A ropedancer*s pole. 
To POZE. V. tf. To puzzle. Sec Post 

and Appose. Glam/iVe, 

PRA'CTICABLE. 4. [prameabU, French.] 

t. Performable ; fealible ; capable to be 

pradifed. V$p^gU 

2. AfTailable ; fit b be aflailed. 
PRA'CTlCABLENESfi. '/. [from>r«fii- 

fohle^"] PofiSbility to be. performed.. 
PRA'CTICABLY. 0d, {Sxom fraaictbU.} 

Itk iUch a mai?U2ei as may be p?rfoiB«ed. 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 


P R A 

ladng to adion , not merely fpectilative. 
PRA^CTICALLV. tfi. Ifromfraaical.^ 

1. In relation to a£tion« 

2. By praAice ^ in real fa£l. Hofoti. 
PRA'CTICALNESS. /. ffrom fra&ieal.l 

The quality of being pra&cal. 
PRA'CTICE. /. [<r^«j5iiM.] 
f . Tile liablt of doing any thing. 
9. Ufe 'f cuftomary ule, ^ ?^/r. 

3. Dexterity acquired by habit. Shah^^rc, 

4. A&ual fcrformance, diflinguLftytid ^rain 

(, Method or art of doing any thing. - 
{• Medical treatment of diiieafes. 

. 7. Exercife of any profeilion* 
8. Wicked ftratagemj ba^ artifice. 

PRA'CTICK. a. fflrg*4MMc.]* 
I. Relating to a£Uon|^ not imerely thco* 
retical. Drnihum* 

». Sly; artful. Spti^er. 

ToPRA'CTISE. i^.tf. [«r5«jd«aic.] 

1. To do habitually. FfalmM. 

2. To do ; not merely to prof«f« : as* to 
I(ra£life /aw 9r pbjufrk, 

3. To ufe in ojKier cohjibk and dexterity. 
To PRA'CTISE. nj.M, 

I. To iMivea^^itof a^g-m^MiyiftW- 
ncr formed. JV(tller^ 

*. To tranJCi^f ton«;gotktftfccretly. 


3. To try arti^ces^ - CranvfiU> 

4. To ule bad artf or dratagems. 

5. To ufe medical methods. fmfi^. 

6. To cxercife any profeflion. 
PRA'CTISANT. /. [froip/ffliS^f*.] An 

agent. Sbahffeare, 

PRA'CTISER. /. ffrom fraaife.] 
I. One that pra^ifes any thing } one that 
does any thing habitually, Sotitb. 

%, One who prefcribes medical treatment. 

PRACTI'TIONER. /. [from^flffi^.] 
I. He who is engaged in the actual exer- 
cife of any art* » Arhutbnou 

a. One who uies any fly or dangerous arts. 
J. One who does any thing habitually. 


MJECOfGNir^ J, [Latin.] Things prc- 
viottfly known in order to «inderftand fome- 
thiagelfe. JUcke. 

PRACfMAO'ICK. 7 a. [wc«yfm~.] 

PRACMA'TICAL. J Meddling} im- 
pertinently bufy f aflumiog bufmefs without 
invitation, Swift* 

PRAGMAnriCALLy; ad.JJnmprtigm^ 
ticaJJ] Weddlingly ; impertinently, 

|*RACMA'TICALNESS* /, £from/»vf- 

wuaM,] Th€ qnality of imenatiiBukg 
without right or t^. 

PRAISE. /. [/^rv«, Doteh.] 

I. Renown; commendation; fame; ho« 
nour; ceiebitty. ^ D/ydas, 

a* Olorification ; tribute of gratitude j 
land. Miktm, 

3 . Ground or t e i fc n of praiie. Drfdem^ 

To PRAIS£. V. a, [frifftn, Dutch.! 

1. To commcsd j to applaud ; to ccIebrML 

2. To glorify in woHbip. PJdlms^ 
PR IfraiJe^ndfuU,] LatidabJe; 

commendatieb Ckaferngm 

PRaKSER. /. [from ptaifi,] One who 
' praifes ^ an applaoder ; a coauAeoder. 

PR AISEWO'RTHY. a, [f^atfindwtrtby^ 

Cemsacadable ; deserving praife. 

PRAME. r< A flat bottomed boat. 
To PRANCE. «•«. f^nwAiWyDauh.} 
I, To fpring and bound in high mctde. 

%. To ride gallantly and oftentatibufly. 


3. TomoveinawarlikcorfiiowynuMMier* 

To PRANJC4 V. a. [/>rotiien, Dutch.] To 

^•eorate | t6.dre£i or a^uft to oAentadon. 

Sfenfer* OSkom, 

PRANK. /* A itdick; a wild flight; a 

ludicrous trick; a wicked a€l. RaUipb, 
PRA'SON. /. {we»'<r».J A leek: alfoaW 
. weed as green as a leek. BalUw^ 

T^ PRATE. V. «. [/rri«/«». Patch.] To 

talk careleAy and wichoot weight; to 

€h«tter ; to tattle. Ckjvelaiid. 

PRATE./, [from tie verb.] Tattle; fl.ght 

talk; unmeaning loquacity. Denhaitt^f 

PRA'TER. /. [from/>rfl/*.] An idle talker j 

a ehattercf . Southern^ 

PRA'TINGLY. ad. [from^*fr.J With 

tittfe tattle ; with loquacity. 
^Rj^rria^M. /. [fr. f>rattka, Itiliaa.] 

A licence for the mafter of a fiiip to traN. 

fkk in the ports of Italy upon a certificate. 

that tbe phice« from whence he came, ii 

not annoyed with any infe^ious difeafe. 

To PR A'TTLE. v. n. To talk li^tty j to 

chatter ; to be trivially loquacious. Locke, 
PRA'TTLE. /. [from the verb. J Empty 

talk; trifling loquacity. Sbakefpcan. 

PRA'TTLER. / [from /r/iw/^.] A triHing 

talker; a chatterer. Herbert* 

PRA'VITY. /. [/•rflwVrfi, Latin.] Cormp- 

tion ^ badneft ; malignity. South* 

PR A WK. /. A imall cruftaceous fi/h Hke a 

ihrimp, but larger. Sbakefpeare* 

To>PR>Ay. ^. n. Iprkr, ft. pregare, Ital.J 

It To make pcutipns to heaven. 

Hbakefpeare. ^Taylor* 
a. To 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


g^. I Pr A Y, is a Higbtly cftretnonious fenn 
ef antroUuQAg a queft^u*^ - -^^ Stntley, 
To PRAy. .«. i». .. 

1. To fopplicate; to implore ; to addrefs 
^ .with4)5tititns. , ■; r /t^tlun. 
* ^». To aflc for aa a fuppKcant. - ^y^ifi* 
. .3. Tacntseatin^cBNQMijror/omi. 

Sen, Jobufon, 
PJRA'YER. /. [^i^rr, French.) 

i« Petition to heaven. - ^ayhtt 

2, EaUreaty | f^bnuflivc importunity. 

.. ^ . StiWtngfieeP, 

JPHAOfERBOOK./ {^«Jwr^a»d A»*.) B«bk 

. , of pubiicic or private devotions* Sbahefpeure^ 

PRE. [ frai. Latin.] A. paitijcle which 

. marks priority of time or rank. 
,To PREACH. V. «. [pradico, hzt, prejchtf, 
" French*] To pronounce a publick difeoorfe 
upon facred fubje£ls. Dtcay of F'lety^ 

To PREACH. V. «. 

I* To pcacjwm or puUiih ia religioas art- 

tioM. ^05* 

. 9^ To inculcate publickly ; to teach with 

earneftneit. . . Dryien, 

PREApH. /. [prefcbt, Fr.] Adifcourfe; 

a ^eligicuf. oration. Hoiker. 

PREACHER./. Iprtfcheurf French | from 

^ I. One who 4ifeoQrfes pvblkkly vpoft re- 
ligious fubje^s. Crajtaw. 
2. One who. inculcates any thing with 
eameftnefs and vehemence. Swift, 
PREA'CHMENT. /. [from ^ra^cA.] A fcr- 
mon mentioned in contempt. L^JSftratt^e, 
PRE'AMBtE. / ipreMm^u/e^fT.} Some- 
thing previous | iatrodu£fcioji j pi<efaee« 

PR£A'MBULARy.7 «. [ftw pr$ombUA 
PREA'MBUWUS. S Pwioai. Not in 
, ufe. BrowH, 

PREAPPREHE'NSION./. [ prf »ti4 sppre- 
hend.J An opinion formed before exami- 
nation. Brown, 
PREASE,/ Pre&5 c»wd, . Spenja^ 
PREA'SlNG./4r^ tf. Crowding, ^uttfer. 
PRE^BEND. J. [prabenda, low Larin.] 

1. A iiipend granted in cathedral ehUKhes. 

. Swft. 

2. Sometimes, but improperly aftipendi- 
' ary of a cathedral $ a prebendary. Bacon, 

PRE'BENDARy./. [prabindaritu^Utm,] 
A ftipendiary o£ a cathedral, v Spenjkr, 

PRECA',Latin.J Dc- 
pepdjipt ; uncertain, becaufe depending on 
the will of another j held by courtdy. ' 

PRECA'RIOVSLY. /. [faom prtfanous,'} 
Uncertainly ; by dependence ; depcndently. 

PRECA'RIOUSNESS./ [from pf^firim,;] 
Uncertainty ; dependent on others. -^ 

PRECAU'TION, /. Iprecsfmion, FMDcKi] 

Prc/crvativc. caution J preyenlive measures. 



To raECAU^ION. %f, d, \precaut\mr\ 
Ftenchv] T« warn beforehand. ' tatku 
PRECED AENEOUS, a. Previous ; anteee- 
dent. ' hde^ 

ToPRECE'DE. *o,a. [pr^cedf, tatln;] 
■ S. Togobeforein order of tiih^. IBr^den^ 
S. To go before according to the adjbft- 
ment of rank. 
PRECE'DENCE. \rrc^ j. ^j t»t 
PRECEDENCY. j/'FrO«n^-Ve^«^'I'^J 
I, The.aftor ftate of going before jpri* 
ority. "• '" 

- 2. Something going before j ibmething psft. 

3*^ Adjuftmentof place. litdu 

4* The tofemoft place' m certnxony'* 

• . ^ Dnden. 
5. SuperioHty. ' tockt, 

PREGE^ENT. a,\prte€demy Fr.prkcidens^ 
I«atin.] Former > going before. 

Shakefpeare, South, 
PRE'CEDINT. /. Any thingthat it a tule 

• or example to future times ; any HAti^ d^^e 

- hef^we of ijie Bone kind. ' 
- ■ Shakefpeare, OritfvUk, 

PRECE'DENTLY. ad. (fttm ftecedeMt^ 

iMlj.} Beforehand. ' '' . 

PRECE'NTOR. /. [pracent6r, Lit. prim- 

' teury Frendi.} He that Icdds^e choir. 

I Bmmmni, 

Wtl'CEPT. /. [pr£cepfm, Latin.] A rule 

• authoritatively given \ a mandate. J^ryden, 
PRBCE^PTIAt, #, Confitogof pteci^s. 

PRECEPTIVE. 4. [*ri*fl^/««K,LatJ^-. 
taining precepts \ giving precepts.' ' 

•PRBGE'PTOR. /. [prateptw, ta^.l A 
teacher} « tutor, Biathmt, 

PRECE'SSION./. [/r^f^r. Lathi.] Tte 
ad of going before. 

PRECI'NCT. /. [pysecli$aus, Ixt.] Oat- 
ward limit $ boandary. ' ^dktr. 

PRECIO'SITYi /. [frtwn/Jrrffc/ij, Latin.] 

1. Valucj preciouihefst ' 

2. Any thing of high prke. Mtru 
PRE'CIOUS. a. [prethuoe^ Vu' ptd^t 

Latin.] -^ • .^ - ^ 

• 1. Valuable i being of greit wori^ ' 

- * • * *.-• -\kd^v. 

2. Coftly I of great price r as^ a pieaous 

PRE'CIOVSLY. cd, [from /Nfirttf.) Valu- 
able ; to a great price. ' : * 

WiyCIOUfiNESS. f,'\fnm'^Mo^,\y^' 
hiablenefs ; worth: pric^"' ^**' w1^t»^ 

PRE'CIPIOB.;/ [pratip'ttiim,Ull^.y A 
headlong ftoep ^ a faU perptfndieulrir. 


PRECI'PITANCE. 7 /. Tfrom pt'^ipUakA 

PRECl'PITANCY.J Raih ^Wfe'r^***^ 
Jonghwcry»^' ^^tttuk^ 

BRBCI^PITANT. 4. Ipre^dpfiMs, Utin.] 
X. Fallin| 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



f. PaUIng or ruihmg houllong. ThiUps* 
a. Hafty ; wgcdwithviolenchafte. Poptm 

3. Raddy hurried. fting Cbarks, 
PRECITITANTLY. aJ, [from pncipitant.} 

la headlong ha^o) in a tomultuout hurry.' 

To PRECrPlTATE. v. a, Ipr^ciftt; Lat.] 

1. To throw headlong. IVtlkini. 

%, To IfaAen unexpectedly. JBarvey. 

■ 3. To huri^ blindly or raihly. Bac9n, 

4. To throw to~ the bottom. A term of 
chymi^ oppoTed to fublime. Grew* 


1. To fall headlong. Sbahejpigre, 

s. To fill to the bottom as a fedimeiit. 

3* To haften without joft preparation. 

PRECI'PITATE. a, f from the rerb.] 
1. Steeply falling. . Ralagb, 

t. Headlong^ hafty } mdily haily. 


3. Hafty; Tioknt. Pxfe, 

PRECI^PITATE. f. A corrofive medicine 

made by precipitating mercury. WtfauMn, 

PRECl'PITATELY. «/. [Uoxa prec'tfUate,} 

Z. Headlong; fteeply down. 

2. Haftily ; in blind hurry. Pepe, 

FRECIPITA'TION, /. [kom precipitate, 1 

!• Tkei^ of" throwing headlong. 

ft. Violdnt modon downward. Woodmfotd, 

3. Tumultuous hurry ; blind hafte. Wood^ 

4. In chymifiry, fubfidency; contrary tb 
fublimation. Woodward, 

PRECKPITOUS. fi. Iprac'jpttis, Latin.] 
1« Headlong; ftcep. King Charles, 

%, Hafty ; fodden. Brown, Evelyn. 

3. Raih} heady. Dryden. 

PRBCrS£« a, [prigcljki,UAii,^ 
1. £xa£t ; ftri£l; nice;. having ftriA and 
detei^niJiate limitations* Hooker, 

1. Formal; finical. . Add-on, 

PRECPSELV. ad. [from^orl/r.] 

■ I. Exadiy; nicely; accuratdy, . Newton. 
X, With fuperftitious formality; with too 
much fcrupttlofity. 

PRSa^SENBSS. /. [ftemj^rer^.] ExaA- 
neft ; rigid nicety. fFatts, 

PRECI'SIAN./. [from precife,'] 

1. One who limits or reftrains. Sbakefpeare, 

2. One wh* is fuperftkioafly rigorous. 

' Watts. 
PRECl'SION. / f/wj&n, French.] ExaA 

linniution. Pope, 

PRECI'SIVE. a. [(tompmijmi, Ut.] £x- 

a^ limiting. Watts. 

To PRJECLVDE. v. a, Ifretdndo, Latin,} 

To Aut out or hinder by Moe anddpation. 


PRECO'CIOUS. >f. Tpr^KocUthtt. precoce, 

Frendi.J Ripe before the time< Brown. 
f RECCCITy. /. [homprmim.) Rife. 

JicDi before xhe time* Mowel, 

To PRECCCITATE. v. a, [pneco^' 

Lati n . ] Td conlider or ichenoe be Anehand, 
PRECOONI'TION. /. [pr^ and cognitio, 
' Latin.] Preridus knowledge; antecedeoC 

PRECONCEl'T. / [pro' and conceit.} An 
> opink>n previoofly formed. * Hooker, 
To PRECONCEI'VE. v. a. -{pra and cm- 

ceive."] To form an opinion beforehand ; 

to imagine beforehand. SoMtb» 

PRECONCE'PTION. /. [pr^ and eoncep- 

tion.} Opinion preriouAy formed. 

FRECONTftA'CT. /• A contraft prcviottf 

to another. Sbakefptare, 

To PRECONTRACT, v. a. To contraa 

or bargain beforehand. Ayl'^e, ' 

PRECU'RSE. /. [from preecurro, Latin.} 

Forerunning. Sbakefpeare^ 

PRECU'RSOR. /, [pracurfor, Lat.] Fore- 
runner; harbinger. Pope^ 
PREDA'CEOUS. a, [from /r^r^^ Latin.] 

Living by prey. Derhanu 

PRE'DAL. a. [from ^rWtf, Latin.] Rob* 

bing ; pra£lifing plunder. Ha. Boyfe, 

PRE'DATORY. tf. [ jbr^r^/a/oriw, Latin, j 

1. Plundering; pradlifing rapine. Bacon, 

2. Hungry; preying; tapacioiis; ravenous^ 


PREDECEA'SED. a. (prJe inddcceafed.j 
Dead- before. Shakefpeare. 

PREDECESSOR. /. £/r«/^^«r, French.] 
i.^ One that was in any ftate or place befom 
another. Prior^ 

2. An^eftor. 

One that holds the doctrine of predeftina- 
tion. Decaf ef Piety* 

To PREDE'STINATE. V. tf. [predeJHner, 

French.] To appoint beforehand by irre- 

-^erfible decree. Sbakifpeare, 

To PREDE'STINATE. v. ir. To hold pre- 
deftination. In ludicrous langua^^ 


PREDESTINA'TION. / [frede/Hnanon^ 
French.] Fatal decree ; pre-ordination. 


PREDESTIMA'TOR. /. One that holdi 
predeftination or the prevalence of pre-efta« 
bltAed neceifity. Cot&lef^ 

To PREDESTINE. v,a, [praatAd^ina,] 
To decree beforehand. 

PREDETERMINA'TION. /. [predeiermt^ 
nar/aif, French.] Determination made be- 
forehand. Hammond^ 

To PREDETE'RMINE. w. a. [prasnti^de- 
terminer} To doom or confine by previous 
decree. Hak, 

PRE'DIAL. a, [prsdium, Lat.] Confifting 
of farms. Ayliffe, 

PREDFC ABLE. a. [predica^le, French ; pne^ 
dicabilis, Latin] 3acii 29 may be affirmed' 
of fo.'ncthiA& 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 


F R^ 

. iogkal tenn> denoting one of the five things 

which caa be affinn^ by any thing* X^4//f* 

FREDI'CAMENT. /. [ frediuimm* Fr. 

. s. A clai« w arnBgement fsi WJBQT or 
fm'btancct racked acaord'ung to tiliMr i^«> 
turcat ciMti aUo catfgprema or category, 

•• Cla^ «r kind de(cribed by aoy definitive 

, matka. Sbak^ure, 

reEDJCAME^TA^r. tf, Ifrom /►m/ic*!- 

iMff/.] Relating to predicaments. 
FRrOiCANT. fi [fr4i^die0m» LatfU.] Oaf 

that afBrnris any tfiing. 
To FRE'OICATE, v. *• [ ^W/<v, Latin.} 

To affirm any thing of another thing. 

To PRE'DICATE. v, «. To affirm or fpcak. 

PREnMCATE. /. {pradicattm, Lat.] That 

which is afEnaed of the fobje^ : as^ ptmn 
. if rationai* 

WIEDICATIOK. /. Ipre^catfo, Lat. from 
. •fndkdte.} A^umation coActraing any 

thing. Locke^ 

To WIEDT'CT. V. tf. [pr4di3us, Latin.] 

To foretell j to fpreibow. 

Gtmernment of the Tongukm 
f REDI'CTIOl?. / [fraiRBhy Lat.] Fro- 

fkhefy \ declaration of fomethiog futuie, 

PREDrCTOR, /. [fropi /r«/?« ] Fore- 
teller. S^ift, 

PREDIGE'STION. f^ [pra.isA digeft'm.] 
Di geftion too ibon perf<frmed . Bacon. 

To PREDISPCSE. V. a, Or.pand difpofi.^ 
To adapt previoully to any certain purpofe. 


PREDISPOSmON,/. [pra^nddl^fiht,] 

Ptevioiis adaptation to any certain pitrpofe. 


PREDO'MINANC^. 7 /• [p^<iBznAdom'mo, 

PJIEDO'MINANCY. 5 Lat.] Prevalence j 
f ugerioiity 5 afc^dency \ fuperior influence. 

fRBDO'MINANT. a. [ predcmhant, Tr.] 
'; P^vakmt } iWpreme IB in^esite } afcdnd^ 

ent. Sbaktheare, 

To PREDO'MINATl?, •», ». [fredmumr, 

Fieftch.] To prevail ; to be afcendent; 

to be fupreme in influence. Vewtw, 

To PRr ELECT, v. a. [/^^and dtB^l Tft 
. cbuTe by preeione decree. < 
PRE'EMINENCE./. [/>r«n«/«w(rtf, French.] 

X. Supenority of exCttknee. jfddtfom, 
.,«. Psecedente ; pjriority of p)are. Booktr^ 

^ Superiority of power or influeuce. 

PRE'EMTNENT. a, [premhtnt, Fr.J Bx- 
. ceJIent above othera. JH^Uch, SSratt^ 

FJtE'^MPTJON. /, [^r*«i^,Lat.] The 

right of purchafing before another. Carttv^ 

T0PJIEEN. V. 0. [ff^{m,Pjm^J To 
. trim th6 feathers of >iffd»9 t* enable tkm^ 
to gUdo'iapre eafily through tbcair. 

to PREENOA'GE. v.^4 {prm wMti^agt,^ 
' To engage by precedent ties or coA^aCls. 

PREEKGA'GBMEKT./. [from/mfl^^^.] 

Precedent obligation. -^9^ 

ToPREESTA'BLJSH. 9. a. [^^and^- 
. kU/b."] To .fettle beforehand. 
PREESTA'BLISHMENT. /. [ftompre^^ 
. titfi^.] Settlement beforehand. 
To PREEXl'ST. m. 4. [pra waHexlft, 
. Latin*] To exift beforehand. Dryden, 
PRE'EXISTENCE./. [;^ri«r//l«*tf,Fjrench.) 

Bxilbence beforehand j exiftence of the ibul 

before its union wiCh the Vidy. AdSfin, 
PRE'EXISTENT. a. [prtiMfiew$, French.] 
, Exifteot beforehand I inecedtng iii .exifU 

ence, F^. 

PRE'FACE. /. [preface^Wfendk^} ^<W 

thing fpoken intr6du£lory to the nrain 4A 

fignj introdo^tiga J fomething proemiaL 


To,PRE'FACE. «. «. [prafari, LaC] To 

{^ fomething iotrodu^kory. , SpeBator* 
ToPRE'FAGE. v.*. . . .. ., 

|. To inttodtce b^ fiunething proemial* 

s. To face; toeover* €Uawela$d, 

PRETACER. /. [ftom^rj^*.] The 
• writer of a preface. DryOiB* 

PRE'FATORY. tf. [from />r5^*.] Ja«o- 

du£lory« Drydmi 

PRE'FECT. /. iprafeSint, Lat.] GoTcraors 
. commander. Bew, ythnfin, 

PREFE'CTURE. /. [prefeBure, fr.pea- 

feBura, Latia»] Command i office of gak 

To PREFE'R. V. a, {prefiirer, ¥u pr^Of, 
. Latin.] 

I. To regard more than another. RmtMm. 

s. To advance ; to exalt ; , to raiie* Pd^r. 

%. Too0er {blemnlyj t# propofe pnblidc- 

ly ; to exhibit. Danret, Saa^* 

PRE^FERABLE. a, [prefirakk^ Wu hati 

prefer.'^ Eligible before Ibmething dfe. 
. Lode* 
PR£^ERABL£NES& a. Ifkompr^^M,] 

The ftate of being prefieraUe. 
PRE'FERABLy. ad. [from preJtrM.] 

In prefsrence ; in. ibcli a Manner m to 

prefer one thing to another. Dmkds* 

PitE'FERENCE. / [preferm^ Fr. Mi 

prefsf.] The aft of preferring j fAhUBtioA 

of ome thing ahdve another j efefUoki (^ one 

rather J:kan another. . Spmtt^ 

PJtEFE'RMENT. /. [from^r«/ir.J 

I. Adisanccmcnt to a higher ittttion* 

x« A plaee of hoftonr Oi piofit. 

3. P?«' 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

PREFE'RER. /. [(nm prefer,} 0Q».#i20 

toraEFt'bUR ATE. v. «. f^/w Hi^Jpi^ 
. M, Latin.} To ibew btjF M s^cce^iot fc- 

.pr«lent»tiorf/ .a 

PR£FKru&ATION. /. [from ^^/T^wm/*.] 

t« I'kEfl^GURE. V. tf..X^i# mi^Jiptrp, 
Latin.] To exhibit by aiMW<fedfkiti«]»e/Vn- 

t«FRSri'Krt. [^4;6*/(7> Latin.] T#' 
lii^it beftfpe^afid* . [^ . ^i«r/J^. 

TgFREFJ'X. V. tf. [/.'r^/^o, Latin.] 
. X. To a^po^it.Mtrehiifd; Sdiikifi^' 

, S. T« Tetl^ft t» dbMift. £41^^. 

FREFl'X. /. ift^mki Ut^} S«me |r*r. 
[ tide (lit be£^ » w4rd; Wimtyiti^i^titH 

PJU^XlbN. /. [yr^/x/WjFr. from|f>'*- 

f»?IU^(yRMr: </..trt. [^i^ a«Aj|6<rt».} To 

PRE'GNAViQ2ia> /^:(^ /r^^MM.) 

. jb^Tbtf ftate of being with young. Ray. 

. gu FartaikiM fniktfiitofr{'iri«fit}fe$|Q$)^» 

' er ; acutcncfs. ^ - 1 1 ^|//, 

^ajKOIWkJJT^ 0k [(reiM», Utin.] ; 
,1. TMmMi|j;f broe^ia^ ^ -: Prrer. 

• j;t* fruitful i^feitiAcf impr c gBtitifg*. ^r^^. 
.v.fvw 9ull of confequeiMe* -m^niiwarJ, 
. 4. ElridAit^l^lliif; xitm'y faiL "? ; 

...*.". v< . SJHti^feare. 

, -j^ E^d^ to produce any thing.. 'Shak^p^dre* 

-6^FftRCj lotnd. .. Sbmhtlttnre. 

l»8*^GNANTLY, idtr. .... •' 

1, Fr»*tfuUju ' i ' . 

.• 4b ■F»»1V 5 plainly 5 clearly. ^0«/;&. 

PRlGU&TA':in)N., /.' f ^^.'th8^^ij/!(>^ 

tal3A.]( Thcd^'of taftmf^hefeteanoth^. 
^HCEJU^DGE. v. a, [frejuger, Fr.} To 
, dtittfliiiMafliyfiMflioA bdfbrtfbstod^/gttotfi 

ntty Xq con4«mA Mfoidiaiid. uSiar/>. 

to ^REJU'DICATE. V. A [^ aad^ya. 

i^yjjatiii.^ /fo'^detecmiae beibr^&and to 
.v4i^vantage« Sattdyxm 

nt£)ua>ieArrB^ tf. ^m tike vetb. j * 

. I. Formed. '!>]( frejud^ce"^ fora(ttd[ before 
. elimination. ff^aits* 

1; P^}a4ice<l) ptepoil^flid; Bra^Al 

SRiJUDICA'TlON. /, IfftttfirefMiicau.} 

1^ ai^«f.vjt|dgiiig hefcf ebandl 
RRl'fUDlCE. /. [prajudiciym, Latin.] 

I, J^Kfofiirffion^ ju4gciKntTfotnf^d befoc^ 
;. jtiaMd w^hoot ^jgnnlaadan* Ciarendcn, 

2* Bffifiaacl j^ dtetnio^bt f luut) injury* 

^PlkEJUWCE. «.A pfront tlie uoua.] 
' I. To pre^ffiift wtth unemhined oprni- 

• ons ^ to fill with. pi(sjadioe& fr'nr, 
^a. To^ftmA otii^wc b^ piejodkes p?o 
riouOy railed* >. .... Whitri§e% 



5/. r^r<r£l/sr«y Lftt.] 
The ftate or digni- 

^^i'.Ta |ojiiK|.tQ hpftj to dtmiiilfl}; t* 

itnpair^i ^ . FrW. 

^REjqDi'ClAL. a, {prejmdwahh. Ft.] 
^ I. QJ>puft«rci»y means of oppofue pre-^ 

^ <y J Mifchieiiouf ^ hurtfuJ j ipji^ious ; de- 

tr^nsental. Atterbury. 

?R^JUPICiALNESS. /. If^V^preJudi^ 
r <\f-fZ] The. ftat«^f being ^judiciai|f«iif- 

cbievoi^n^£(. T ; 

PREaAljy-^* Pwm/rWtfJ#,] 
;. \. TAe dignity or poft of a prelate or ee^i 

^efiaftick of the liigheft order. Ay/iji, 

-A» Epilcopacy ) "the ordeY of bUhops. 

r 9. Biiko|9. hooker, 

J>KEaATE. /. Xprelat, Fr. pro'latus, Lac] 

J^A ecckfiaftick of eke higheft order and 

dignity.. fbaktfpeart^ 

|>R1^A'T:J|CAjL. «. [(tQTQipreiate.l RcU- 
. jteftto prebte or prelacy. 
PRELA'Tig^i. J^ IprmlatHt, Latin.] fte^ 

^ercnccT) fetting A oat above the other. 
- ^ Hale. 

T ty o^^a prelarc. 
pRBLE/^TIOJf . f. [pneliBky Lat.] R^t<^ 

ingj- le^^ure^ Hale, 

PREWB^'TJON. /.. [from^W/i5o, Latin.] 
.r' 'I'afte beforehand f eftoAon previous to 

taftiftg* More. 

l»RJELl^MlNARy. . fi, [prelmhsire, Fr.J 
.•.Fj«viousj introduAory ; proemial. 

■ ■; . I>rfdti^ 

PRELI'MIlJARy. /. Something previous} 
.. preparatorf meaftfre^. Nhtet on Iliati. 

PREOLUDE. /. ffrrf/«<«irtfc^ Latin.] 

X. Some flioi^ flight of mvfkk played be^ 

^iodd a fn^ toncett. 

%, Sometkng mtrodoAory i (bmething that 
, . cteijc Aews what is to follow. Add'ijm, 
To PRELU'OE. vid,i.[pr^itJer,¥r.p*a' 

Judo, Latin.] To ferve as an introda6li«n 5 
. to be previous to. . , Drydim^ 

PRELU'DTOUS. a. Ifrom prgfude,] pre- 
vious 5 irktroduftcry.t C/ejvfla^d. 
PRELIM DXUM.f. ELatio.] Prehack^. 

FKELU'SIVE. a, Iffm.prthdc'j Pwvi. 
. oo« J introdu£lory ; pro6mial. Thomfon, 
iSBUEM ATU'^E.. A* Ipraik^vrus, Lafiu.J 

Ripe too foon ; fwtdii ttcfore tire time ; '- 
- tbo [early J t(io ibot^id, on done; to^ 

hifty. . :, lu . Hamnffnd. 

PRSMATU'RELY. a. [from premature.] 

-Too eariy ; too f56n \ i^th too hafty rifz* 
.• peis. 

?REJNtfATI?'R?KESS,7 f. [from ^aiii^^ 
PREMATU'RITY. S ture.] Too great 
Miaftes utifeafonable eartia4i}» 

SB y< 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



To PREMI'SE. V. tf. {pramllfui, Latin.] 

1. To explain j)reyiou fly J to" lay ddWn 
prcmifes. jBar^e/, 

2. T(T fend before the timc^ S^kefpeare, 
<>RE'MISES./. f/»r^l?w//Z«, Latin.] " , 

I. Propofitiona antecedently (uppofcd or 

proved. * , ^ '- Hoofer, 

' %. In low language, hoUfe® or laacTs. 

PRE'MISS. /. [/»r^rw/^», Latin;] Antece- 

' dent propofition: _ Watts, 

'PRE'MIUM. /. [pramtum^hzr^ru] Some- 

tbing given to invit« a loan or a bargain. • 


To PREM(yNSSH. y. d, [fnemmio, Lat.J 

To warn or admonift beforehand. 
PREMO'^ISHMENT./. [iroixi f^monip,^ 

Previous information* ■' - '^ Wetton, 
PREMONI'TION. /. [from prmonijh.} 

Previous notide j plf«vk»u« iVtelfigence. 

'-*•: - '■ , '■• Cbaptffan, 
PREMO'NITORY . /. [from pra and mo- 

neo, Latin.] Previoiifly advifing. ' - ' 
To'PREMO'NSTRATE. t;. tf. lpr^e and 

morfirot Lat?n.] Toihow beforehand. 
'P/?^AftAiV/'i?£. /. [Latin.] 

I. A writ in the cortmon law, whereby 
-"a penalty is incurrabk, as infringing fome 

flatute. ' ' Aamba/L 

Si The penalty fo incurred. - 

3. A difficulty 5 *diftrefs.' 
.PREMUNI'TION. /. [frompr^etfium'c, 

Latin.] An aliticipnion of obifeftion. \ 
To PRENO'MINATE. v. a, {pranomino, 

L-itin. J T6 forename. . iilakefptdi'e. 

PRENOMINA'TION. /. [pra and mminoy 

Latin.] The prrnlege of being' named fi/fti 


PRENO^TION. /. Iprfnotuttiy FrJ Poilc; 

- knowledge; pi?eldcnce. 

PRE'NTICE. /. ^\ftiom'0pprfnilce.'] One 

bound to a raafter, in order to inftrnfVion 

in a trade. Sbaiefptare, 

PRE'N'TICESHIP; /. {frDm /^rwfif*. j The 

fervitude of an apprentice. Popi» 

PR«NlnaCIA'TIO'^J. /. [/>r<nw»<./>, Lat.J 
"^Thfeaft of telling before. / « 

PflEO'CCUPANCy. / IftQm fnoicvfate.] 

-The a£l'5ftaltiftg ^ik£^nl4»9lLtliC^ 
octlfefiV • . . . •' -. • 

To PREO'CCUPATE. v. a. [frtmi^^ 
->»f^«ftlth.] r • " '' ' ' ■ ' 

'^t.^Th ahtkipate; '' • Baton. 

%, To prcpoffefs ; to fill with pr^udice*. 
r.^.i-' ■' \ -^ - ' -moiml 

P'REQCCUPA'TION./. ipreoccuf^m^fFul 
,;T.-^'A^C»ci|Jati(on. • „' ^ - ' 

- 2w Ppapofliffionv': -. l ' ' 

3. Aiicicipatiori of objc^ion. 'Sinib, 

To tit E<y CCOP-Y, >i a. To prepoflifi j 
. to occupy by anticipation or prejudices. 

;. -►^ - '. '-''■ •' . • Jtritithmh 
To PiPE'OMlNATE. ««7. <f. f[ pra and mi- 

• W, Latin.] Tb prognofti^ale 5 to gather 
-•:fft)m'orfeerl3i[»y future <Vtnt, Brownl 
P«E^0PI**JON.i 7; \pr^ ^tA opitne, Lat.J 

• Opinion ' antecedently formed j pfepdflti'* 
-••ftpm-' .T- .• •■^■"1 '"^ ••' 'y Btowiu 
To PRE-ORDAIN. V4 A .r*r^ and oAiamA 
f To ord2i*-t€fop^?^ J-^ » -JfeiwAfciftir 
PJtEO»ftOlNANCE./. [^«nd#^/Wr)^.l 

Antecedent decree 5' firft dte«»^ ^ - ' ■ -i': 

-.■''■ - • ^'^SbaksfpeOre. 

PREORDlNA'riOS.-/. [fram>*-«e/^a«.] 

.. The a£l Of preordaining. "' *> 

PREPARATIONS /. r ffi'aparath, U^it-J 
. ri The aft of pr^aring or^previoiifly-fit- 

tikig any thing to- any purpoiib. H^ske, 

. a. -Previous meafares. > > Sui^fa, 

3. Cerenionioin ifltrQdolkion; Shak^o^if, 
.' 4. The a£t of making or fitting by a rcgu- 
■ lar proceTs. ' ' Af^i^t, 

. - 5. . Aay. tiling made by proceds of opeta- 

tioB. •" i • ' Srov/ii 

6. Accomplifiiment ; qualification. 

■\ . > ; - Shakifptme. 

PHEPA'RATITE, a^- ipftparauf.ftK'i 

Having the power of ' prqariag or qualify- 
< .ing,' • v V n ■ SmK 

REPAfRATIVB. /. f^^nmff/,.Pr«iKkJ 
. ,2. ^bnt which has tht power of preparint 

- or ptevfouHy fitting. ' ' i Deca) of Pitif» 
2. That whfcb^isiloiieoid oirdetJ-to fome- 

\thing elfc. 
PREPA^RATIFEty. vjJJ-Jffiom prepMlt* 

• tin/t.y Pre? tcufiy : by ^njbf^ p#taaration. 

PREPA'RATOR'Y. (t,- { pi^rfitotft, ft^ 

• i; Aiiteecdently neceffary. -. fji^aijm. 

2. IntroduAory : previous y ante^cdenti 

^"^: Bidt. 

To PREPA'RE. ». a^<[ prapartt^Ul^] 
. I. To fit for' any thing ; tiradjuft l^^iny 
ttfe; to jnakt ready, for aiiy(.purpo6.' .v 

'2. To qualify Br anrP"^"^* ' Ae^fi^ 

3. To make ready bdbvehand* Mtiion* 
4.' To form } ^omdte. " Pjahiu 

-5. Torjuake byjraguiat ^oe^V**.' p^^ ** 

• prepares <? m^kinu 

• ...... T« 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



1. To take previous meaiures. JPi^'ham, 

t. To makt every thing ready j to jpui 

things in order* Shakefpea/;^, 

^ 3. To make one's fcif ready 5 to put him- 

feJf Itf a fhtte of cxpe'aatlon. " • -^ 

PREPA<RE. /. [from the verb.] Prcpara- 
t tfon; pfeviotsmeafures. Shakehtare\ 

PREPA'REDLY. ad. [it^m prfpartdA' By 

proper prcCtdent meafures. Sbakeheare, 
PRtPA'REDNESS. /. • [from prepare'] 

^tate or a£V of being prepared : zi, hc'i in a 

prepar^dnefs far hisfirtal exit. 
PRIPA'RER. /. [frampnpare.Y ' * 

I. One that prepares ; one that pleviou/ly 

fits. • • . *• ^ • f^Ott(}ft\ 

-a. That which fits for any thing*. ' Mort, 
PREPE^NSt. 7 a. [prapenfur, Lat.] Fore- 
PR EPrNSED. J thpughej preconceived J 
■ eontrived beforehand: 'as*, i»/^/;V<? prcpenfe*. 
fTflrPREPO'NDER. v,' a, [ftom prep'onde- 

rate.y To outweigh. JVotton, 

•>REP6'NDERANCE. 7 /. ffrom fripon- 
PREPCyNOERANCY.S i/*rflr*.] The Hate 

of outweighing j. fuperiority of weight. 
» ' ' ' • Locke* 

To PREPONDERATE, v, a, [prafondero, 

• Latin.J ' ' 
I. To otitweigh I to overpower by weight, 

«. To overpower by ftrongcr influence. 

• 1. To exceed in weight. Bentley, 
a. T» exceed influence or power anaJo- 
goos to weight. ' Lhcke, 

PREPONDERATION. /. [from preprnde- 
rate.] The aft or ftate of ootweighlTigany 
thing. ' pyaus. 

To PREPCBE. V. tf . Iprepfiftr, French.] 
To put before. 

PREPOSITION. /. [prepofithn, French 5 

' fr4fpl>fitiOf Latiji.J 111 grammar^ a particle 

' governing a cafe. Clarke. 

PREPO*SITOR. /. [pnepofitor, Latin.] A 
feholif i^ppointed • by Chie oiifter to over- 
look the refl. 

To PREPOSSilSS. vCa: [pnt iniprfefs.^ 
To fiJl vith an opiaion untxaiwiired \ to 
prejudice. JViJeman, 

.PREPOSSEWION. / [iromprepcKefsA - 

' I. Piroccapation ; firft poiTcflion. nam^ 
1. Prejttdice j preconceived oomion. South. 

PRtPO'STEROUS, a. [prapt^erus, Latin.] 
f . Having that firft which' ought trf be 
laftj'wrongj abfurd; perverted* Dentam, 
1. Applied to perfons : fooliih^ abfucd. 


PREPOSTEROUSLY. Md. \irom prepojie. 

' yww.J In a wrong fituation ; abfitrdly, 


PREPOSTBRCMJSNESSi/. [i^m prepojie- 

rous.] Abfurdityj wrong-ordcr or method. 

PRE'POTENCy. /. Ipr^tttrnU, Latin.] 

Sti'perior power; predominance. Brtn'n\ 
PREPU'CE./. 'ipraputium, Latin] That 

which Covets the'glans j forc/k,'n. Wifew 
To PRE'REQUIRE. v. a. [/>><«• and require.] 

To demand prcvioufi^. Harimcr.d* 

PR'ERE'QUISITE, a. [pra and requi/I/e.) 

Something previcufly neceiTary. ilaie* 

PREROGATIVE. /. [pritrogatir;a,\o\V 

, Latin.] An cxclufive or peculiar privilege, 

'' Sldrtey. KnoUet, 

i>RER0t3ATIVED. a. [Uemprer'ogative.\ 

Having an exclufive privilege j having pre*- 

• rogative. .... Sbakefpihre, 
VKT.SAXiE. '/.-[pftfage^Trcnch ; prafagwm, 

Latin.] Prognoftick, prefenfion of futurity. 
To PRESA'GE. v. n. [prefager, Ftcnih j 
pr/stf{igio, Latin.] 

1 . To forebode j to foreknow 5 to foreiel ; 
to prophefy. " Mihon, 

2. To foreroklpn ; toforefliow. Sbakcjhcare^ 
PRESA'GEMENT. /. [fromfr^>^^.j 

1. Forebodement ^ prefenfion. fVottonm 
2-. Fofetoktn. Brawn* 

PRE'SBYTER. /. [uTitMttrO'.] 

I. A prieft. * Hooker, 

«. A pre/bytetian. But/er, 

PRESBYTE^RIAN.^r. f-BrgsrCunr^.] Coit- 

• fi'fling of elders j a term tor a ?riodern form 
of ecclefiaftical government. klngChariet, 

PRESBYTE'RIAN. /. [from prejbjttr.] 
An abettor of prefljytcry or' caJvinrflical 
difcjpline. . Sivijf, 

PRESBYTE'RY. /. [from prefyter.] Body 
of eldfers, whether priefts or hymen, 


PRE'SCIENCE. /. [prrfcience, French.] 
Foreknow'ledge j knowledge of future 
things. Soidtb, 

PJlE'SdENT.-iT. f^^pfawf, L^tin.] Fore- 
knowing; prophetick. Bacon, 

PRE'SCIOUS. <7. Ipr^fduT, Latin.] Having 
foreknowledge. -. Dryden, 

To PRESCI'ND. v.a. [prafcindoyL^i\n.\ 
To cut ofF^ toabftraft. - Norrh, 

PR'ESei'NDENT, a. [prafdndens, Latin.J 
AbftraQing. Cheyr.e, . 

To PRESCRl'BE. V. a. [prajcribo, Laiin.] ' 

1. Tcr fct down authoritatively j to order j 
to direa^. Honker, 

2. Todircft inedically. • ^iivijt. 
To PRESCRI'BE. v. n. 

I. To influence by long cuflom, Brcum, 
1. To influence arbitrarily, . Locke* 

3. [Prefcrire, French.] To form a cuilom 
which has the force of law, Arhutbrot, 

4. To write medical directions and forms 
of medicine. Pipe, 

PRE'SCRIPT. tf, [ pr^fcriptuTyhKXin.] Di- 
re6led ; tccuratcly laid down m a prcccpr, 


PRE'SCRIPT./. [prixfcriftum, Latin.J Pi- 

regions J precent J model pfelcribcd. P^^iU, 

5B4 PRE. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



a. Approach ftjce to fac? tp i> gre*; pcrfo- 
Mge. ZJ4ij»>/. 

.3. State pf being in tl^e v^ew of ^ iaptrua* 


4. A number aflfembled before a great per- 
fon. ' . . sUfk^e^rj*, 

5. Por^5 air; mien; xiemeanour. &///>. 

6. Room in wbich a prince ibows hinjfelf 
to his covirt. Sfp^fer, 

7. Readineis at need $ quicknqfs 9t expe- 
dients. JValktf, 
%, The perfon of a fuperior. Milton^ 

"PRESENCE-CHAMBER. 1/. [prefenceziiii 

•pRESENCE-ROOM. \ chamber or 

rBtM.] The room in which a grfat perfon 
I receives company. jidtlifon, 

)?RESE;'NSI0N. / [prafepjh, Lati».] Par- 
ception beforehand. Brown, 

PRE'SENT. a. [prcfint, Fj^cnch^ praifens, 

I. Not abfent ; b^n|; fa<;e to fa^ ; being 
at hand. , Taylor, 

», Notpaft; notfutve. ^ Prior, 

3. Ready at hand j quick in emergencies. 


4. Favourably attentive \ not aegic^ftil ; 
propitious. Ben* Johnjon, 

5. Unforgotten ; not neglectful. JVatts, 
6* Not abftra£lcd \ f ot abfent of mind 3 
attentive. . 

VT>e PRESENT. An elliptical expreflion for 
tbeprejtnt lime ; the time now exifting. 


Al PRESENT, laprefofj^, FrencbO At the 
preient time j now. AitUfin* 

PRE'SENT. /. [^«/tfifr; French.] 

I. A gift; a donative | - fomething cere- 
xnonioudy given. Skakeff>eare, 

^ A letter or trandate exhibited. Shakufp, 

Jo PRESE'NT. •. a. [ pr^finto, low Lat.] 
t* To place in the pcefcncfe of a fuperior* 

s. Ta exhibit to view or notice. Sbakefp, 

3. To offer; to exhibit. Mi/ton, 

4. To give formally and ceremoniou/ly. 

5* To put into the hands of another. Dryd. 

6. To favour with gifts. Dtyden^ 
• 7« To prefer to eccle^ftical benefices.. 


. S. To ^f^'er openly. Hay^oardm 

9. T« introduce by Tomething exhibited to 

the View or noiicc. S^injcr, 

10. To lay before aixH^t ff^ykttme, li 

fia ohkft of cfigviry. . Swifu 

PRESEOHTABU. <t. Iftgpiprffipt,} Wb*t 

piay be l^refenrcd. AyMt* 

PRESENTA'NJBOUS. a. [prajetuimm, 

Latin.] Rciwly \ quick 3 immediate. 

PRESBNTA'TION. /. [prt^tationf^^ 
. I. The aa of pr^fenting, IMir^ 

9. The a£t of pfTering any oik to an ecde- 

ipafHcal bene6ce. Sale^ 

J. ]£xhibit.»on. I>ry4ai* 

PRESE'NTATIVE. a. [hmprefeuu] Such 

as that prdentations may be made of k* 
f,K^f'NTEE. /. ffrom^rr/«i//,F?enc|i.J 

One prefented to a benefice. AyM*» 

PRESE'NTfeR. /. irrompr'fint.} Oqe^aC 

prefents. , L'^irs1^ 

PRESE'NTIAL. a. [(xompnfini,] Suppof- 

ing actual nrefencc, Nfrrin 

PRESENTIA'LITY. /. [from prffenty] 

State of being piefeot. • ScmA, 

To PRESE'NTIATE. %$.&. [fwm/^«r.J 

To make prcfent. Gre/io, 

PRESENTmCK. a. [prafias and /Mto, 

Latin.) Makin* prefent. 
PRESENTI'FICKLY. ad. [from fr^fm'- 
^ck,} In fuch a manner a$ tonoal^c prcfient. 


PRt'SjNTLY. Adv [(romprelknul •" 

I. At prefent ; at this tiene ; o^w. S'tdatfk 
'2. {mmedutely; fooo after. Sofifb* 

PRESti'NTMENT. /. [fromprefifa.] 
X. The aft of prefcnting, Sbai4f«oni 

a. Any thing prefented or eiciUttd; i«- 
prefenUtion. Miltmi, 

3. In Uvf, prefentmnt is a mere denunci- 
ation of the jurors themfekrcs, or foope f> 
ther ofHcer^ asjiiftice^ conftablc, iearcher, 
furveyors, and without any infbnnatiiPiiy 
of an offence inquirable in the court to 
which it is prefented. Covd* 

<>R,E'SENTNESS. /. [from prf^t.] Pit^ 

ijenc^ of mind j qujcknefs at emergeociet. 


PRESERVA'TION. /. [frera prefirve,] 
The adit of preferviiig ; caxe to pfofenA 

PRESSOR VATIVE./. §frv/tfrM^,Fienab.] 
That which has tbie |»owcr of pidarvingi 
fomething. preventive. Ho^er, 

To PRESE'RVE. v. a, [prafer^fo^lowhU^ 

. X. To fave; to defend from defl^u^ioDor 

any evil ; to keep. % Tim. iv. iS* 

%, To feafon fruits and other vegetables 

with fugar, and* in other proper pickles. 

PRESE'RVB. /. [from theyerbj Frtl 
preferved whole in fugar. Mortimtri 


I. One wbo pefervei ^ cue who keeft 
from ruin or mifchief. jfddifw, 

a* iie wha nrakcs prcferves qf Ihiitr ' 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

^ auAonty over. ' ' J^rj^en, 

pr^fful SupttintcijipBcc. , iltfjf. 

, ^« CNe pUced wsth authority ovfr otbcn ; 

. ju OovernoQi'i'prefea. * Brerew^. 

3. AtuUUiypowor. ^nijur* 
PI*'SJDENTsfaJ>. /. [fro?! /«>ir»f.] 

Tiie office and place o^ prefident. tiotker, 

lltiMtotgafriCpSt. ^^ ; ; 

j,Toi<)^ce^e^^^i:u4i. ,, Mikm* 
s» 1^0 iUftfcei« f to anfk with.caUiaiti«p« 

,.|. Tacoaftnuni to"Otfi|pcl} ta.Vri&.ligr 

, 4* To drive by violej^i;^ Shahfftfre. 

5. To aiFe£l ihtmgly. J0s xvm» 5. 

^. To enforce I to ifteokste with aig^r 
nent or iaiportoiuty. Ftkon^ 

r» To urge \ tp bear, i^r^^jr #o. JR^. 
^. To fompreisi ^ bi»g^ as U wpibraMng. 


9. 1*o«^'upoamt&lire%bt.( J^ryJwi. 

JO* To malic «|imtfl^ , ,^ J&r<»». 

lib To force into military iervice. Shake//, 

ToPR£S». -^^n. 

i. To a^ u^ cpno^fiiw jpolenoe ; to 

Uige ; to diArefs. Ttfftifon, 

I ». To gp forward wi^h .vWf*Cf to M|r 

:Qhift^ ,. ' JW7«. 

^ To malce invafion ; to cnqroach* Fffe. 

4^ To croud } to tlupng. M0rk iit. lo* 

tTo tonie uhfeafonaUy-or importoaately. 
To urg«. with ychemeiice and >fliportu« 

»ity. £4fen, 

..J. To a£t upon ot inflMac^. . J^difvn^ 

8. To PaKs$/w/>«i. To iiiv«de^ to pufh 
. fflinft. Bppe* 

PRBSSs/. [^rj^, Ffw^K J ftom tbft vf^b.] 
. I. The inftrument by which any thing is 

«ra'Ved or ^irMztdr il4|g|V>» ii. 16. 

A» IhR ia^puot by which books are 
. fiinted. Shai^fmre, 

}. Crowd; tumult J. throng. . . Hi«^., 

4. A. kind of wooden cafe or frame for 
• dotbes and other ufM,. Shsheff^, 

$. A commiffioa to for^«i«]i into miliu- 
jy fcr vice, Rahigh . 

£a«n\ed as to be fboc up in a cafe. 
(a£/«S£R./. [fron/^«/<k} Oi^thatprtiTea 

or werks at a prefs. S^ft, 

PRE'SISCAJ^M. /. [>»<i ^i^A gmgA A 
. Qreii(i^at ftroles about the fireets to /orce 

B)Cf) ii^ (uval iervic^ 
PiLSrS^NGLY. 4<4 {fr«m/r^9|>] With 
. <bi*iai clofe^ 
JPRE'S&IiQ^N. /. [from /«/!.] The «ek of 

ju One who fotcei another iato ierviee 3 
jone who ibi»ct away. ,, . , fiflrirw^rfi 
ft. One who makes the impreflion 0/ prio^ 
by tbefreis; .dif^iv^.^mthtCOtepofilnV 
who ranges the typea. .. .1 

PRE'SSMGNEY./. [f^efi ua mm€f:l Mo. 
aey giwea^lO a ioldltr whMhe is ttea^ 

- forced into the fervice. ^ Gmw 

J>KE'SSUR«. /, [Amu /*^ J . : 

X. The aft of pnflMg or crufliinf. 
sV The ftatco^heii^ preOcd Or cniAed^ 

< 3. Force a^ing %aijift any tliiog $ gnn^ 
tation; preff^oB. 1 ^ wts w w 

4. Violence infliaed I eppttflien. Aiopa. 
. 5. A^ftion I grknnce | diibe& 

$. ImpMOMij fkumpl chancer flbade if 
impreflion, ^bmkt^mru 

P&£ST. ^ IftrtfiotprAylx^l 
^ Ready ; Botdikitoc|u 
2. Neat I tight. .. . 

PRSST,/. [prfft^ Frenob»] AImui. JBdaMw 

PRBSTIG ACTION. /. [/>rjr>?i^fJ<»,Ia«iB,J 
A deceiviaig) a jvggUag; a ^yiag legcr- 

. ikanain. Dia^ 

PRE^STXGES./. [//K^ijrir^Latin.] lUpfi. 

. o«n J impoftures ^ juggling tricks. 

PRJE^STO. /. [fir^o^ Italian.} <Mck| at 
once. ^ &toiftt 

PRESU'MABLY. ud.[homprefamt,'\ Wkh- 
eat examination. ' Broten^ 

To PRJfiU'Mfi. w. jr. [ft^mmr^ Fiendi j 
/ri^<i«% Latin.] 

I, To fuppofe \ to believe preidoiifly vdth^ 
oat exgodnatioii. Mkeru 

su To fuppofe} to affit^D wilikoutimipe- 

. diaie proof. Brewn^ 

^t To venture without pofittvcleovi^. 

4; To form eodideaa or anogiAt opinions, 

5« To make confidciiyl or arrogant at* 
temptf. Bo^keK 

VKX'SVMEK. /.Xfromprefome.] Oneiliat 
prcifippoiea ; an arrogtnt perfbiu Wotnn. 

PRESU^MPTION. /. [^fumptus^ Lotth ) 
prefmpthn, Fteach.] 

' 1» Suppoiition previov/Iy femed. K, Char. 
%* Confidence grouoded on any thing pre« 
A^pofed. ClartMikTkt 

3* AAargumant Aiong» bat not demoii- 
ftrative. B^okerm 

4* Arrogance 4 coufiUew c t bHad and ad» 
-venturous ; prefumptuouCoefs, Dryden. 
p Unrcafonable confidence of divine fa- 
vour. Rogers, 

PRESU'MPTIVE. tf*[^r*/i»y&/i4«r, French.} 
I. Tajccn by previous fuppofition. Locke, 
a. Suppofed ; as, the preluirptive heir^ 
oppofcd to ihc heif apparent. 

3. Con 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


. -> «*:Akv0^nt ( «onfi(kfnt ;-iniblenr; Shahfp, 

• * • • -. JW»#w». 

^RESlJ'BIPTUOUSLy. /r^ tfroni>r*/w»r^. 

tuout*'\ " * ' ' *~ ' ' 

- /jf. vAnogtntfy ; fftflvcrtiitly. ' AddtCw^^ 
• > m. -With ' vain '«d!gt«0Adlef»'cmifi<ieiK4 in 
.1 4iTtoe iarour, . ' / -< • • 'HamthdnJ, 
paBSU'MFTUOUSMESS.*^ /J [from />r>i 

famftmusi} Qualkf of Wng prdbm^- 

PRESyPRCySAL. / Ifra ana fifpcfi/.] 

.-vSofflorai previdufly formed. * Hotter, 

3*«tJ»RESirPPO'8E;. f. tf. t prtfu/fofer, Fr. 

/r« aod fi^oft, J To fip|K^« u preTioQs. 

. .' Sttpfo6lk>n previou/Iy formed^ 
PJIESURMI'SE. /. [ptrezMfurm'tfe.'] Sur* 

miie previoufly foimAi Shakefbt^n* 

PRETENCE. /. [pratenjits^ Latbi.] " 

Xf^A.£alle ttg&ment ghxmded upert fiAlti- 

-•BS paftuhtet. . Tt/hcfom 

^^«.: Tiie«a of :lhowing or tdttging wb«t >• 

/.not real, Qarendin. ff^itke, 

.. ^. : AfibxB^iicni'^ Idatiplto'noikc,- Evekfn, 

4» Clabn true of /alfe; Mikon, 

:. 5.\Some^ing ^kreatencd^ Of iMld ^iut^td 
. teo-ify. . Sbakifpegre, 

.To PRETE'ND; w.n. [pf4ftindo;htt\u.] - 

1. To hold out ; to firetch i«rw»d, ^pyJ, 
^ :^m To ptctcoil^ jtoipwefliow. Hvywdti. 

3. To make any appQannce of having ; 
. to^alfegei^lily; * -- Mikon. 

, 4. To /how hypocnticaUy, DeeOy rfPiity, 
. ig. To ii^d out ois'ft delufive appearance; 


6. Todaisi. ■ Drylien* 

To PEE'TEND. v. «. 

•J. Topurin a claiftt truly or falfcly^ Dfyd, 

a. To prefume on ability to do any thing ; 

' taptofefrprtAimptuoolly. Bro^n, 

PRETEIIPER. /. [irom fretiffd.'\ One 

who lays claim to'i'Wf'^ih^^ Popi^ 

PRETE^NDINGLY. ad, [irtmpretmdiffg,} 

Ativgaiitly ; prefuroptueufly. CoUur^ 

PRETE'NSION. /. {proftrfio, Latin.] 

vi. Claim true or falfc. Stififi, 

•ft* FidMtioosvppeaniM^ ^Baton, 

PRE'TER.'/. [prater,\.zt\n.'] A particle, 

•^Rbighprefixod to wcrdb of Lftitf otiginal^ 

fipudes l>e/ide, 
FRB/TERIMPIRFECT. a. In gwmmar, 
. denotes th« tenie not perfcAly *»aft. ' ' 
PRE'TERIT* w. f frgtttrit^ French 5 fira- 

./tfrfx/<5, Latin.] Paft. 
PRET€RliriON. /. f^r*/»rW^' Preachy 

frwn frtterit,]* The a£k of going {)aft j the 

ftlteof brHigp*!)^. 
PHE^TERITNESS./. [{iQmpreterU.I Stttc 

' iifidng ^ft i '^f tortfeftcc j ' nW fa*tui!ff ^ 
PRETERt A'PSE0/i. l^yatirtapfir, Im.] 
' Paft and gone. Wathrs 

PRETERtE'GAL. a. (f^afer and /^^/^ 

• ^ Not agreeable to law. *' Kifig CbdHn, 
PRE'^ERWi'dSIDK. ' /; [fru^rmipn, ff. 
■ pi'aitrrrtlfft^tLititl.l The Wiof omitthig. 
To PRETERMIT. *o.a, ipnttermittoM' 

• tin.] 'To pafs1)y. ' Bacm* 
•PRE^TERNATURAL. *. [^^^r and Mr 

fttrdl.] Different from what is' natural | 
irregular^ Soutb^ 

"PtkUTEItVJefVKAtty. ttd. [from «/- 
tematural,'] In a ma/iner difiiiteJit m>fl» 
the coitink)n tJrdSr'of. na^rifi '' • Baam, 

•ummurai,'^ Mtntttttflflfercnfciifoflrthr«r- 

' der of nature. 

PKET^F^KPTCTJ b. IprOfttrltvmPeT'' 

' feffuntf Latin.] A grammatical term ap- 

• ^lie^ to the tenie whi^B dtootes tf^e abfo- 

PR'E'TERPLlrf>BRFi:cr. a. {pr^erhm 
' flufouam ptrftBumi LaBh.] .The gramma- 
tical epIlS^ ft*' tB^' teiffe denoting time 

• relatifely paft>'.oh p4ft before foiJie othec 

• 'paft time. 

PREtE^'XTv /-'{/nri^^fwrLStin.y Pre- 
teiKe ; falfe appearance'^ ^Ift allegatloiu 

l^KI.'T01EL.f, [prater, L»t\n.J The Roma 
judge'.' It -ia now'' ^^Metimea taken ibr a 
mayor. • Sptffator, 

PRETCyRfAN. a,' {prat^amh, La^nj 

• /frt^n>», French.] Judicial | exerdfedby 

• thcfretor. Bicw, 
PRETTILY, ad. {f torn pretty, 1 NeaHyi 

• elegantly I plea'fingly. -Be^ok* 
PRE'TTINESS. / [from/r^«jr.J Bcatly 

without dignity. More, 

•MIE'TTY. <f. fprafr,' finAy, Saxnn 5/rttf»^ 
Italian; prat, prattigb^ D^tch,1 
1. Neat; elegant. If^mtu 

%\ Beautiful withdut grandeur or dignity. 

3. It ia itfed in a kmd ^ef diminutive iton- 
tempt in*pofctry, andintonTerfation*- M. 

4. Not very fmall. ABhdt^ 
PKfi^TY.'kd. In'fome d^grte. JVWba. 

■ ' • Atterbury, B^* 

To PREVA'IL. V. jr. \prtvahir, French.] 
- 1, To be^n foiee ; to have efteil j to haie 
poweV 5 to have influence. Lecke, 

ft. To overcome 5 to gain the fnperiority. 
3; To gain inllucnce'5 to operate efle^- 
afty. ^ 
' ^. To perfuade tr induce hy entreaty. 

- iSlarewdn* 

PREVAILING, tf, [from preifatl^ Pttdo- 

minant j tiaving moft influence. * ^o«*» 

PREVAI'LMENT, /. Ux<mprevM.] Pw- 

•yalcmv. . . " • phkep^j 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



, ;$ttpqriority ; uiflueneef^fredoauiiaiiQe. i 

j%* .y^O:mow f gaiiiiii|lfup^riarrty«. SwutH 

BRE'VAtENTLSr..>a. .fftdift>r»«fcir^ 

Power/uiJy; fercibl^. j» » IPrhr, 

To PREVA'R|GAT£v-^'»i»» [^ewi^^ 


^^tia.] Shuffle; cawl. .-h; . ) -: ?d4fc/j^«. 

. tiA^}, A caviller 5 a fhufiler. . , i^ ' , j 

To hinder. . :.* S: ■ tT .? 

PRfVE'ljJJENT. A^iipuBtieiihnf^iXAXxUA 
Preceding j gj^mg iitfoae^i ff chrcBtiycifc' : -IT 

To PREY E'NT. f»cat. d: [^»>*m««^. iatXii j 
,f«v«;tr, French.] ,L . .0 . 1j; I .; 
.X* To %ii before as a guide ^lia go befosey 

i»- To ^ l9«fi»fe j:~to bft;V«forB j t» tntici- 

.3. .T«< freOccapjjij ,t<t pMeng«§r $ tlo. at- 
tempt firft.'; r ..CT ^ pn p : r^iUfJgCharks, 
4. To hinVer.i. *p,fibi^^tq'|;.'I 

T* PREVE'Nt/ V. /;. To come befiwctfie 

time. .1' •■• • - ...%..; ^ .- JSactt* 

PREVE'NTpRr.f/ i£w|tj>/^wwfj.: . 1 

1. One,that gc^s.bfft^JS* .» Bactn* 

2. Oii« that hinders; an lun^eftr$r to.ab- 
ftruder. t 1 

JREVE'NTION. J. .{fr^mion, French, 

.fi«li(l^r<?Trf«rK»,i*«in.] .^ 

. JUJHie aft of going before, j MUun* 

. %. J?re«»cci:fgti€rnf> »AtU^ation«. ^Mft^A^fH^ 
. %' ^ijKierance) obftru£lion. Milton, 

rtl^VS;fNT^Q».$J^, . ^*^ [Jrom, p-mmidml 
^,?^^lUjjp t# prieyentio*. t •. 1 

,. h TwdiiW io- .l^/^er^ J , .:\s i i Jl/«r*«rn 

». Pre(ervat ve'^ hindering ill. ■ BiWitt^ 

^%mVWm[M^^fM(OXii^^nt.l A pre- 

. itt«srttvcj that which prcvcniis,|,^n5i« 

PREVFN.XAy^y5r..M (/Toi|i/«'w^riV<.] 
. Jfl iuch a m«»A«ii 4* t^fti^ tQ prnfvfiirtion» 

PRE'yiOVSW»:^4(frpm/^ia«jJ .^- 

fore|i^di„gfltecedf ntjy, ^ . , .; , ^ _ l^rit>f\ 

PRE^VIQtl^^fS^/.Xfrpna/y^^'J .^- 

tecfdence. , , . t „ v lu.n.'i 

^ii5 Y : /. t/?r^^» l-atin.] . ► • u.; r • ^ ^1 

. |4 $pm,ethrvgf^ to be devoured 5 (bnn|i^tbnig 

..tfl^ feiaci}* ravin'e ; plunder.^ fH^i'iuA"* 

hiiM^l'^} dcpredatioa. Shakej^Mre. 

f'X>f».ot]Der«nitBalty< I ' c •>' ; 'VEftrati^^ 
TftaPRE'KiraBu iii f ^noft^iLatin^} ... - * 

1. To feed by.34olelKe. \ 'Shthffidare^ 

2. T* flaodtP;.d^roh^ . fS^igjOitt.: 
. r^ * Tolcor ixiib.|! >i» wafte« • .^Ltifau 

BibE'Y\ER. /. [from /^rry.] Rftbbcr j At* 

x/»ttrefq >l\ln^«rts.. .: 2. i ; : r •' '. %i .5 
BfiLKAPISM. /. [prt'apijmtts,lat.frlafitfme, 

. 1. EcHuV^lentpaidfcaraAy^n^. Mac/mm 
.T^B«. ValiS}} vi«ftiin«cion ^. iufpdied ^AxgU- 
.'^nc»4 .f»'»ij..i ■ 'J (fo Mmc^ 

:,.9. jafit0MiMbkbiiiqibl1uil«itJ«Id4 Xd^e. 
.s 4^ Kleadftd ; thing purchaied at anje^ttt. 
oV . .flit ti» -» 'f tnonl .* .•> ..■ .'^'^JW^C 
To PlllC£i'.fri ^tn^^-o^e^io^e i ■ ^ Spa^* 

Tot ^RJCK.. ,,aA4d(i»" [pitfcian, Saxon.] 

. s» Ti^isfiMiwitbt aint^po)i<hi4> ; iMT 
.^ifl^.^. To form or et'c£t with an acuminated 

4. To hang on a point. : ; • . zSamdfSm 
[.|i 7«nan^iiMfcBy,«f»maare.or jsiiiaft:. /I 

•tifi^;To ^urj to ^oadj to impel) to in- 
-itiWu t . ' t ',e ^i al 1 3 t .; ■- j '.''. .^ . ' : :. nF^e» 

7. TAp«af^/to3p^pM«i^l«flMde« ..:« 
..vr v<&riilay. 

-.8. T<lnwkB«d<.'s ] .\ 'i i -^ BUdttragJt . 
. .9ir T^ .mark a tune, .. ..Jt- / 

To*WG«:. 4f.?mn(^^^Dntth,J. I 

.r,** . T« dreA3«no'* fcif fo» ftow. ^ w 

2. Tocdmeupon4iiei{lur^il/i«i^.#fiinMi^ . 
PRICIC. /. fpjaacca,-.SaxaBu}. .. aV ,% 
.«^. A iharp ilender inftnirocflt) anytUnc 
T(ll>y whic^icpuiBStiiwipittadti.i:' unf/kviru 
.u^is A thorn in the n{\M^ a teafingiiVMl 

torjneniia^.^dvght^ xemofie of conict- 
eiiqicei ■. . ^-' - « ' ' / SJMk^fftatf^ . 

3 . A fpoi^ Qt m^k at which ;af cbca-aim. 

fi ' 'I'.ii ^ >. J .* -. »<4 i.i *. ' .1 C^Ttif4. ■ 

4,.AjP<ttPtj aJijihipktei i&ba^feare. 
.. 5. A pimfturer Brown, 

\ 6, Theprin<ief|aharQiiiithe.g*«oi«Di4«v ( 
PRI'CKER. /, J[^m.jfnv*»3 . . ... 
.<I« A fliarp- pointed .io^rumeiit; ^ Motegtm 
.2. A light {ierf^»m«y3u , : ' Bay^irim, 
PRFCK.ET./. \(xox^fmKl A.buck.m.hia 
. ^fecond year, .r • j i.; ,." •, Mftirmoid: 
PR VCKLE. ./. . [fram,^i<*.}i SmaJLAacpt 
. point, Mkc ihat of^:a brier. . ff^lts» 

^RI'QKMKE^^i^ fffrom/ri4.>J. JEniiici'r 
L of (Wrp.Rflifttft,! c; ; \ -. , ^* ;i 
PRl'CKLOUSE. /, .[/»riV;tand/#«/tf ] Arfdri 
. of coBitefiip* (ojHA^rtr. * .'l,'Mfir«^i 
I>J?.l'Cl^§ONG.,/, t/ii1*A.an4MJ. ^ Song 
fet to maiickft ^, . 1 , .. ..Sbefhe^tfif^i 

. pointPft ,, .i > «Bw«x. 

PRi'tfCMADAM. /. .Wkfptw«s.0f *Hirfe* 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

P:R I 


-fttdy with a round pouit at one cndp^ 

f prick a round mark m coU iitA. iifflrMii' 

FRi«CKWOOD. /.. A tree. ^ .i 

ERHM^-yi [p|ut Of ppi^^Saxoa.] ^ 

. ]. Inordinate aAdnneafcnaMeielf-^flecm* 

.• . ,. ^ .• , ^ .« . Mikm)X 

9* InTokncei rude trettntnt of otborty 

. 3. Dignity id nuniniii^i MixtttitQl nor*-* 

• 4.. GbnooateUitfoa^Jiiint.: Smiths 
. l^..IleT«tion s di|nit)r» Sbak^mre. 

.^ OHMMfnt.; ihow^ dcMratioBw milmn* 
. j«HSplendour { ofkntation. Dtydk*. 

^ %i Tfarftate«#<finDileMftMli^ngfh« 

9i^JllIDE. «. «• [from the noon. J To 
. Hfil^d proud ; t^ryte \i\aStVk htgfa* 

IRIE. / I ibp|M)fii an •Idnama of privet. 

. .. ■ i.i.' .- .^ 1— v.. c7i^, 

mi^ for/rW*. Sfm/ip^. 

SAffiR. /. |Trom./i7;3'<hi«(^|vi)*tnqttktt 

.- too Ibarrowljr. .' - -{ - f*c .,..i. . o-. .^ 

. 9^ 4>as who officiates in iacred offices. 

• -}' I . ■ -' r '-J '1 i •:. ■ Mlkm. 
..1|k'.Oiie of the fecond order of the hkirsf^ 

cb jT, >dmt a doacMy t)eklw n ISihop. 

MHBMCRAFT./. [^ri^uii:cra/.] Re. 

Ugious frauds. . l^tSiat^ 

PRIE'STJSS./. [hempri^,} A wottwi 

who officiated in heathen ritet.. M&k*. 

i. The office and charaaev of a pHeft. ^ 
. Wi The order of men ibt apart for koly 

■ J, The fecond Older of the >hiaparthf*'-» 
KIIE»STUNESS. /. [from frifftiy.] Tht 
. -appearanceor manner o^npiitfd. 
FHIE'STLY. a, Tftom frieft,] Becoming a 

. fm&^ iiiccrdocaij' ,bddfl{^ to a prieft. 

.^^ * South, 

PRlB/STlUDDBirw • s^ ^[^^and ri</<i^.] 
Managed or ^ovcrved by ^ritAs. Stmift^ 
IbPlUEVB^/^flw*.' J^>r. 

MlGif/ A pert, ^Meaited> ibucy, pr«g* 
matiea), Vikth ftUo^ . Sff&ator* 

PRILL. / A birt or turbot. • Atnft^rtb, 
pRiM* tf. [by eootraaioi^ from /rMriw.} 

. Forinal; preeiftj^^afflTededly niee. '&w9fi, 

r^^ivam. v,a, [fto9i «|)ead^flat«e.} To 

deck up preciieiyj to fotmto^an aft*e£fted 

.' nivety; ^ ^ ' ' - 

^ftrMsAQV, /. ffPi^iMk^FtetuAi.} The 

e ciMcf ccd^UsAiea) iU^ion.*' Chremkn* 
PRI^MAGE./. The freight of a filip. ArnffXf. 
PRIMAL, m, [f^imiilmy ¥k^* A word 

• nei^nufe. Shtdkf^rt^ 
Plll«MAIULV, ml. [Stwa ptimof^l On« 

finally ; in tbe firft intention. Brtmn» 
Pltl'M;^m£S8, /. [firom^iaw^,] The 

the fiHt 

; iaMf lieii^Mft iia oi^ ZniddtlniV Jn^^ 
IplPM ARY. A [frinfotuo, Lada.} 

I. JMJAinMftiopiw .1 
.i4JW Oi^jltnal; firft. JtoiJarV^. 

PRl'MATE. /i [i^iflMfi Ftanch ^ >»^»iirt, 

Lattii.] ThrehsBf epcMamok. i^/^ 

mXHAT^mH^. Ji lff4KtipHwmt9.] ikd 

^paity or office of m priminte* 
PREMB. jC Ifrkmsr Latin.] T 

. 1. Tfa0 fi4pa«|iif ^4ayf tln^dvapi} 
. . ^ mof lung. MiboM, 

-m Thnhegiwilptsy tk«ea*iy^^^ ilfi&£: 
' ^ The beft part. &*^« 

• ^.Tbeiprios^tife. iWaa 

5. Spring. •)> .^ ; ^Wir; 

' 6i ^ekatsktrfpefMUoo* Woi<ko*rik 

7. The firft canonical hour, 
'ft. Tlhrfii^fMrtllchebe^iining. 
PRIMB. «r 4 / t i>ra s / Latin>} . 
••I.-Barly; blooming. Miltf» 

\ »«Fri4iapa^$ (^mtei CUrtitJitii 

3. Firft; ori^naU \ "' Lkkh 

, 4. Bxccllentr • Zbak^fptiru 

To PitlMl.'i^. 4. rftOMthenewu} 
-'l*T«piC iff tJM (flrft powder 3 to pt. 
. poMer in the pan of a gun. Bifle* 

a. IFrimen PmM^, t« beghr.] To ky 

• tiw^rftaaloors on in painting. 
PRFMSLY. tfiTr [f^Mr|»riMV.] 

.vi% ^dginalJy j ^imarily | in 
p|ae«; I ' o i. . A- 
s. Ixcellently ; fupremely well. 

PRI'MEMBStk^j; \fiMfipriiik,l 
T^ The ftateof tenigfifft^ . 
«..£vcltaM.' :' -^- - ^' 

PRI'MER. /. 

I. AnoAofvf ti|el)le&dTirg(n. StU^n^ 

s. A fmall prayter-^ wki^ cMldwa 

.-are taught to-issad. I«^. 

nME^RO.f. fSpanifb.} AgaoMratcanis. 

M^IMI'VAL. ? *. [yHi.**i«,Xi«^ . 
ftJU)l^«VOUS« 5 IgiHal^fiM^as was a\M^ 
PRIMIfTIAL. a. lfrimtmt,frtmituf,U' 

tin J Bckfg t)f ilM iHlpredodUon. i^i^ 
PRPMITIVE. 41. [ftMtif, Fti frimt»m> 


t; Aqpienri originalls «AibltAied fram tb« 

be|inAi«^. Tithtjk», 

«. Formal ; affe^ledly folemn \ imitatiai 

the fiippefed gravity of oh) times. 

3k Ongtnal^prima^yi'neftderWative. iltf/^ 
PIWftftTIVELV. ad. [from /r/aiiM^.l , 

tV Originally {. at ffrft^ j - ^mwr 

9. Primarily ; not dctlhratMy* 

^ Ac«ordi=ngft)^eeHginaVnile. Sntth* 
PRI'MITIVENESSi. /. pfrom/f«BiSf?^.l 

Sta^ of being origkul; Antt^uky \ m»« 

formity to antiuuity. 
PKIMOGE'NIaL tf; [friHt^iuH 1^^**1 

Firftbomj origipajj priapaiy; conf^itn**^ 1 

.•^*'"'^' . .;.mmK; 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

jStfebcife'NtttmB;^ /. [fntkogehltkre, 
- FrcnthfJ . Seniority) eldertkip j ftate of 

bcingl^fiiiiM^n. iSvtHrnrrUntoftbtTorrj^ue, 
Pllllll<yitDtAI;. <J. \fHmord\iihif Latin.J 
" Oritfnal 5 exifting from tl^e beginning. BayL 
PIUMO'RDfAt./ ffromdje A^j.] ' Orii 

gin ; firtf principJc; 
PglMO'RDiAJri /. See Plum. 
raiMO'jUMATl. d, ffrdm priiminihm, 

Latin.J Ordinal 5 exifting from thfe ftfft. 

PRI'WROSE. /* {f^rimh nferis, Latin.J 
1. A flower. ShaMpeare, 

%. Prmrife k nfti by Shakefpeare tot gay 
or ftowery. 

EIUNCE. /. f^ prince, Fr. princeps, Latin. 3 
i, A fovercigti j a chief ruler, Mrltctt, 
1, A foverelgn of rank nfcxt W kings. 

3. Ruler of whatever fex. Ckmden, 

4. The fan of asking j in Englan<i only the 
cJdeft fon j the kinfman of a fovereigni 


5. The chief of iny body of men, 


To PRIKCE. V. «. To pity the prince ; 

to tak« cftatfe. ' Sbakefpebrt, 

PRl'NCEEK^M. / [fVom /»rrVf.] Thcrahk, 

eftate^ or power of the prince j fovereignfty. 


PRI'NCfeLIKE. a, [prince and like,] Be* 

coming a prince. Sbaktfp^re, 

PRl'NCELINESS. / [from />r/»rt§.. J The 

ftate, manner, or dignity of a prince* 
PRII^JCELy* tf. [frota/>r/*f^J 

1. Having the appearapcc of dhe high bQr% 
i. Having the rank of princes. Sidney, 
3» Becoming a prince j royal j gi-and ; au» 
*i»^, Mihoni, 

PRi^CELYi W. [from/r/»tfe.] In a prince- 
like manner. 
PRINCES-FEATHER. /. The herb ama- 
tanih* j^nfw'ortb* 

fRPNCESS. fi [princeffe, French.] 
1. A foveteign ladyj a woman having (o<- 
vereigii tommand. Graitvilli, 

2r, A fovereign lady of rank, next to that 
of a queen. 

3. The daughter of a king. Sbakefpeare, 

4. The wife of a prince i asj /)6tf princcfs 

K^iNCIPAL. a. [printipafts, Latin.] 
1. Princely. Spenfer. 

t.- Chief i of the firft rate J capital; eilea- 
. tial. Sbak'tfp^re, 

^Hl'NClPAL. /. (from the a^eaive.] 

J. A head ;'ach»ef j not a fecondv Bdcon, 
, a. One j^rimarily or bnginally engagfcd ; 
not an acctflary of^uxiliary. Swift, 

3. A capit^ fum placed out at intercfl^. 

4* The prefident or govetnoor. 
f&INCIPA'LtXy./. [prlncipauhe',ittTUi\i.1 
Vol. IU 

P R t.. 

li SiMTcreignty 5 fapreme power. Sidney* 
4. A priftce J ofie invcfted with •foveFeignT 

^. The cwirttry wMch glvei title td a 
prince: as, tbt principality ef fValiu 

•' • ' ^ * «.^^;' 

4i*^Sttpef?rtrity ; predomitanctf. . ^m-^tor, 
PRI'MCIPALLY. ad, [from principal.} 
- Chidly J above Idl j above thfeT^eiK t 

» Netoton, 
PRI'NCtPA'LNBSS. /. [from pnnc\pai.\ 

The ftate of being principaL 
PRIWCIPIA'TION. r. [from ^W/ff^itte, 
Latin.] Andyfirinto conftitaem or ete- 
ihenrtl parts. Bacm^ 

PRPNCIPLE. /. [priffcipiam, Latin.] 
t, Blem^it ) conftitneat part ^ prinx>rd{al 
fabfta«ofe. mtm, 

2. OrlginW cai^e. />r^A*; 
3.^ Being pro4ottive of other being ; ope- 
rative caulk ^Vl&tjonl 

4. FundJtoent*! truth 5 original poitul^te | 
firft pofition from which others arc deduced/' 


5. Gwrnnd of aftiort 5 motive. Add-on, 
%, Tftiet oa which morality i$ founded. 

To PRINCIPLE, v. a, [from the noun.) 

t. To eftabiilh or fix in «ly teaet^ to im- 

preft witlx any tenet good or ill. Soktb,. 

1. To eftabKfli firmly in the miiidi Locki, 
PRl4^COCK. 7 / [from pHnk, or prim 
PRI'NCOX. S coch] A coxcomb ; acon- 
X ceited jpferfon 5 a pert young rogoe. SbaAeJ^^ 
To PRINK, <^i n. [j^o«/l/r«, Dutch.] To 

prank ; to detk for (how. 
1*0 PRINT. «f. s, [imprimer, etnpreittti Fr.] 

i» To mark by preffing any thing upon 
• anotheu. * Dryden^ 

1. To imprefs any thing, fd sis to leaVe its 

form.f • ♦ 

3. To form by impreflionj RofcvitHmon,, 

4. To impreft words or make books, not 
by the pen but the prefs. Pope, 

To PRINT. V. n. To publifti a book. Popu 
PRINT. /. [empreinte, French.] 

I; Mark or form made by imprefKotf. 


%. Th^t wlMch bluing impr^iled Je&ves.,it8 


3. Pi£lures cut In wood est «oppiei» te be 

impreHed qt\, {japer; 

44 Pidure made by impreftion* jVnlltr. 

^. The form, fite, arrangement^ or other 

qualities of the types ufed in ^rintif g books. 

6. The ftate of being pubUflied by the 
' printer* Shakefpear^* 

7. Single Aeet printed and ibid, jiddifon. 

8. Form:ri sietW. , LockiC 
PRINTER./, {h^m print.} . , , 

f .. One that prints books, Vigiy* 

i. One tliat ftains linen^ -: ■ 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

• IP R I 


jPRWTI^ESS. a, [from/>r/irf.] That vrWch 

, leaves no imprcffion. Shakejptare, Mil^n, 

PRl'OR. tf. [^r/or, Latin.] Former ; b«mg 
before fometbing elfc; antecedent; ante- 
rior. . Rogtrs, 

PRi'OR. /. [prieur, French.] The head of 
a convent ot monks, inferior in dignity to 
an abbot. jiddljon* 

t>Rl'ORESS. /. [from^rwr.] A lady fui)e- 
rior of a cwnvent of nuns. Dryden, 

t^KIO'RITY. /; [&om/»r/V,adjeftive.] - 
I. Theftate of beingfirftj precedence in 

. time. Ha^ard^ 

z. Precedence in place. Sbakejpeare, 

PRrORSHIP. /. lUom prior,] Theftatc 
or office of prior. 

PRI'ORy. /. [ffom prior,] A convent in 

, dignity below an abbey. ,Sbakrfp€ifre. 

PRI'SAGE. /. [from prife,] A cuilom 
whereby the prince challenges out of every 
bark loaden with wine, containing lefs than 
forty tuns, two tuns of wine at his price. 


i^RISM. /. [fr$iV/ua.] A /ri/« of glafs is a 

. glafs bounded with two equal and parallel 
triangular ends, and three plain and Mr ell 

. polifhed fides, which meet in three paral- 
lel lines, running -from the thre^ angler of 
one end, to the three angles of the other 
end. Newton, 

PRISMA'TICK* a, [prifmatifne, Fr. from 
pfifm.'] Formed as i prilm. Pope, 

PRiSMA^TJCALLY. ad, [ixotuprifmatick,] 

. ' In the form of a prifm, Boyle, 

l>RlSMO'ID. /. [«TfiV«andirJ«c.] A body 
approaching to the form of a prifm. 

PRl'SON./. [/»r//o», French.] Aftrongho^d 
in which perfons are confined j a gaol. 

Shakefieare, Dryden^ 

To PRI'SON. V, a, [from the noun.] 
X. To emprifon; to ihut up in hold; to 
reflrain from hberty# 
±, To captivate j to enchain. Mihon. 

. 3. To confine* Sbakefpeare, 

PRl'SONBASE. /. A kind of rural play, 
commonly called prifinbars, Sandys, 

PRl'SONER./. [ prifonnier, French,] : 
J. One who is confined in hold. Bacon, 
a. A captive ; one takeii by th^ enemy. 

5, One under an arreft. Dryden, 

PRI'SONHOUSE. /. Gaol J hc^d in which 
one is confined. Sbakefpfare, 

PRI'SONMENT./, [from prifon»] Confine- 

ment; imptifonment j captivity. Shakefp, 

PRPSTINE. a, [priftinsts, Latin.] Firft 5 

ancient; oHginal. Philips, 

PRITHEE. A familiar corroption of /vtfy 

tbeey or I pray tbee, VEjirange. 

PRI'-VACY. /. [Uovtipri'vate.] 

a. ^ State of being fecret; ftcrecy. 

%k Retirement J retreat, Dryden^ 

3. Prii^ty; joii^tkaowIjBdge; great.£unU 
liarity.. ,Arbutbnif, 

4, Taciturnity. 

PRlFj^DO. J, [Spanlfli.J A fetret friend. 

PRl'VATE. 41. [privattis, Latin.] , 

1. Kotopen; fccrit. •Shakejpeare, AHltPtit 

2. Alone ; not accompanied^. 

3. Being upon the farqe terms with the 
. reft of the community j particular j op- 

.. pofed to publick. Hooker* 

4. 4^-articular ; not relating to this publick« 


5. J«Privati. Secrjetl^; notpublick- 
ly } not openly. . Granville, 

PRI'VATE. /. A fecret mefl&ge. Shaieh, 

PRI'VATEER. /. {from prwate.] A ihip 
fitted out by private men to plunder ene- 
mies. Swift, 

To PRPVATEER. v. a, [from the noun.] 
To fit out (hips againft enemies, at the 
charge of private perfons. 

PRl'VATELY. ad., [from privati,] Se- 
cretly 5 not openly. SJbake^eare. 

PRI'VATENESS, fi [fxom private.] 

1. The i^ate tof a man in the* fame rack 
with the reft of the community. 

2. Secrecy 5 privacy. Banv, 

3. Ob&urity ; retirement. ff^otioru 
PRIVATION. /. [privatio, Latin.] 

J. Removal or deftrudion of any thing or 
quality. Daviest 

2. .The aft of the mind by which, in con- 
fidering a fubjedt, we ieparate it from any 
thing appendant. 

3. The a^ of degrading from rank or ofSce. 

PRI'VATIVE. a, [privativus, Latin.] 

J. Caufing privation of any thing. 
. ' 2.. Confifting in the abfence of fometbing | 

not pofitive. Taylor, 

PRI'VATlVE./i That of which the effence 

is the abfence of fometbing, as filence it 

only the abfence of found. Bacon, 

PRPVATIVELY. ad, [from privative,] 

By the abfence of fometbing necefiary to 

beprefent; negatively. Barnnmd, 

PRI'VATIVENESS. /. [from prhative,] 

Notation of abfence of fometbing that 

fhould be prefent. 
PRrVET. /. Evergreen. MilUr* 

PRIVILEGE../. lprivilege,Fr,pri'mlegiMh 


1. Peculiar advantage. Sbakefpeere, 

2. Immunity; publick right. Dryden, 
To PRPyiLEGE. V, a, [from the noun.] 

1. To invert with rights or immunities ; 
to grant a privilege. . J)rydeih 

2. To exempt from cciifure or danger. 


3. To exempt from paying tax or impoft* 


% PKiS 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



•Rl'ZEFIGHTER. / [pi 
i}he that fights pubttckiy 1 

Wtl^lLY. ad, [from frky.^ Sccretlyj 
.^ivately. Spenfer, 

PRl'VlTY. /. [prhaute, Fr. from privy,] 
1. Private cominunication. Spenfgr, 

; 2. Cohfcioufhjefs J joint knowledge. 

i Hookeri 

PRVVY.a, f/nV/; French.] 

" 1. Privite J notpublkk j afligned to fccrct 
ufw. ' ^ Si>akefpeare, 

a. Secret 5 clandc(line, ^ Ma<;, 

3. SetreC| norlhown. ' ExekieK 

' 4. Admitted tp f^cr^Xfi of ft ate. SpeSiator, 
5. Confcious to any tMrigj admitted to 
participation. Daniel, 

PRl'VY, /, Place of retirement J necefl'ary 
J^oufe, S'wi/t, 

PRIZE. / [ j^rf*, French.^ 
I. A regard gained by conteft with com- 
petitors. • Mdjjon, 

' 2. Reward gained by any performance* 

3. IPrife, Fr.J Something taken by ad- 
Ten ture ; plunder.' ^ope. 

To PRIZE. v,fi, [*r//<rr, French.] 

* I, To rat^'j to value at a certain price. 


%, To efteem ; to value highly. Drydett, 

PRI'ZER. /. [prifeur, French.] He that 

• values, Shakefpeari, 
PRl'ZEFIGHTER. /. {prtxeTindJi^bter.] 

' f for a reward, "^ 


PIJO. f Latin.] For;' in defence of. 

PROBABILITY,/, [trobubilitas,. Latin.] 
Likelihood ; appearance of truth \ evidence 
arifing-' fh)m the prepondtration of argu- 
tnent. T^tlhtfo^ 

PRO'BABLE. a, [probable, Fr. probabilit, 
Latin.] Likely 5 having more cvidenQp 

' "than the contrary. • Hotiker, 

PRCBABLY. ad. Ihota prob^ble^] Likely; 

' in likelihood. Sivtff,, 

fRO^BAT,/, [Lathi,] The proof of wilk 
*nd teftaments of perfons deceafed in th.e 
fpiri£iial court, either in common form by 
the oath of the executor, «r with witnefles. 


PROBATION./, [/ro^^rw, Latin.] 
J, Proof; evidence; teftimony. Shakefp, 
'2. The a!£^ of-proving by ratiocination or 
teftimony. Locki, 

3. IProbation, Fr.J Trial; examination. 


' 4. Trial ■ before entrance mto monaftick 
life J noviciate. Pop^i' 

PROBA'TIONARY. a, [from probation.l 
Serving for trial. '■ '^ 

PROBA'TIONER. /, [from probation,} 
I. One who is upon triak Dryden, 

^ «. A novice. Decay of Piety, 

fROBA'TIONERSHIP. /. [from probati^ 
otter,'\ Sute of bcin§ a proba^oncr ; novi- 
ciate^ ' lf9ck^ 

PROBATORY. 4, ffrom probo, Latin. J 

■ Serving for trial. BramhaU, 
PROB^TlfM ESf, A Latin expreijionadd- 
' ed to the end of a receipt, fignifylng it i\ 

tried or pro'oed. Prior, 

PROBE. /. \ftomfrohQ, Latin.] A flendcr 
' wire by which iurgeons fearch the depth 

of wounds. fFifeman, 

PROBE-SCISSORS. /. [prokeM^JciJJor.^ 

SciflTors ufed to open wounds, of which the 

blade thruft into the orifice has a button at 

the'end. mjeman. 

To PROBE. V, if, [probo, Lat.] To fearch | 

to try by an ioftrument. South, 

PRO'BITY./. [probite\Vx, probitai,l.zt.\ 

' Honefty 5 fincerity ; veracity. Fiddes* 

PRO'BLEM. /. [v^iihnfAA.] A qucftion 

PROBLEMA'TICAL. a, [problematiqatp 
' French, j Uncertaip ; tinfettied; difputedz 

difputable. Boyle^ 

PROBLEMATICALLY, ad. [horn pro- 

• blematical.'] Uncertainly; 
PROBO'SCIS./. [/^eZ.o/m, Lat.] A fnout ; 

the trunk of an elephant ; but it is ufed 
' .alfo for the fame part in every creature. 

PROCA'CrdUS. a.[procax, Latin.] Petu- 
lant ; loofe, 
PROCA^CITY. / [fxoxaptocaciotts.l Pciu, 
i. lahce. 

PROCATA'RCTICK. a. [«rje«aT«^Jt7i;iac.J 
' • Forerunning; antecedent. Harvey, 

PRGCATA'RXIS. /. [wgoKctTa^gic.] Thp 
pre-exijftent caufe of a difeafe, which co- 
operates with others that are fubfequent. , 
PROCE'DURE. / [procedure, French.] 
I. Manner o£ proceeding; management j 
condu£t. South; 

a. Aft of proceeding 5 progrefs ; procefs ; 
operation. Ha/e^ 

' 3. Product ; thing produced. Bacon, 

To PROCEE'D. V. n, [procedo, Latin.] 

1 . To pafs from one thing or place to aiv- 
other. Dryden, 

2. To gQ forward 5 to tend to tJie end de- 

■ figned. Ben. Johnfon, 
' 3. To come forth from a place or from a 

fender. John, 

• 4. To go or march in fiate. > ^non, 

5. Toiffue; toarifcj to be the efFeft of 'j 
to be. produced from. Shakefpeare^ 

6. To profecute any defign. Xockem 
^, 'Vq. be tranfafted ; to be carried on. 


• %, To make progrefs ; to advanqe, Miltori^ 

9. To carry pa juridical procefs. 


10. To tranfaft ; to a^ ; to carry cq any 
affair methodically. Mikon, 

11. To take cffedt ; tg have ita.courfe. 

4Q?i 3iiKXt 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Ta. To lie propagated J to come hj^%intt 

ration. Milton^ 

13. To be produ'ccid by the origiiial efficir 
cnt caufe. M'iUon* 

1>R0'CEED. /, Produce: as, r^r -proceed! 

. of an -tftate, 

PKOCEE'DER./. [txom freceedJ] pnc ^yho 
goes forward } one 'who makes a progreis. 

PkOCEE'DING. / [/rrer^^i?; French.] 
I. Progrefs from one thing to another ; fc- 
rjes of oonduft J tranfailion.' Swjft, 

.' 2, Legal procedure. 

PROCEaLOUS. a. Ifroaliofuf, Lat.],T^. 
peftuous. DU^, 

PROCE'PTIOK. /. Preoccupation; attof 
taking fomethinjB foope^ than another. 

Kif^ Chicles, 

PROCE'RITY. /. [fxom procerus, U^xln^l 
Talnefsj height ^f Mature. Addifon, 

|»RO'CESS. /. (process, Latin.] 

1. Tendency; progreflivc courfc. Hooker* 
%» Regulajf* and gradual prpgrefs. Knolles* 

3. CouiP:3 continual flux or paflage. HaJe* 

4. Methodical management of any thing. 

5. Courfe of law. Hayutard. 
pROCE^SSION. /. [proceed, Lat.J A train 

marching in ceremonious fo^emiuty. 


To PROCE'SSION. V. ». [from the npun. j 
To go in proceffion. A low. word. 

PROCE'SSIONAL, a, [frwn froci/Jm.} 
Relating to proceilion. 

PROCE'SSIONARY. a. [from procefon,] 
Confifting in proceflion. ffooker, 

JPRO^CHRONISM./. [orgoxgoV/*^.] An 

error in chronology. ; a dating a thing be- 

- fore it happened, , Diff, 

PRO^CIDENCE./. I procidentia, Lat.] Fall- 
ing down ; dependence below its natural 

PRO'CINCT. /. [proclnaus, Latin.] Com- 
plel» preparation ; preparation brought to 
the point of aftion. Milion, 

To PROCLAPM. V, a. [proclamo, Latin.] 
I . To promulgate or denounce by a ibl^nn 
or legal publication. Deuferonoiny, 

Z. To tell openly. Locke, 

3. To outlaw by publlck denunciation. 

. Sbakeff>€are, 

PROCLAPM^R./. [UomprocUim.) One 
that publishes by aXitJiority. MUton, 

^^ROCLAMA'TIOK. /. [proclamiitio, Lat.] 
1 . Public;ation by authority, Milton, 

St. A declaration of the king^s will openly 
publiOied among the people. Clarendon, 

PROCLKVITY./. [procll'vitai,'L^tXn.l 
1. Tendency; natural inclination; pro- 
pciifion. Bramball, 

t. Redf'incls 5 facility of attaining. 

^f 'pit on. 

PROCU'VQVS. a, lprocV^s,Mt(k3'blf 

dined ; tenciing by riat'urc. 
PROCO'mUL. /* [Latin.] :^l^a»pffi* 
' cer, 'who governed a province 'wth-ionfu- 

lar authority, , Peachgm, 

PROCO^NSULSHIP. /. [from /rai»/5/.] 

The office of a pro^nfoL • - ' 

Jo PROCRA'STIN^TI:, v. a. IpmrefH 

nor^ Latin.] To defer; to delay; tpput 

off from day to d^. . Sjb^i^are, 

To PROCRA'STmAT^. t?. n. Tobe di- 

latory* t. JSviift, 

pRplCRASTlKrATTQK /. Tpro^rapnafiH 

tat.J Delay; dilatorinefs. VecavofPUty, 
pROCRASTlNAfTpR, /, lixo^i prHrap^^ 

note,'] A dilatory perfon. 
PRO'CREANT* «, [^wwwj, I?at.] f ro, 
_ du.^ive ; pregnant. ' . ' Sbakefpe^re, 
To PRO^CREATE. v. <r, [ ^rocrc^, Latiii.J 

To gcjCMBrate ; to produce. Benilty^ 

PROCREa'TION. J, ^[procreatio, U^n:\ 

Generation ; produ&ion.r , Jhleigb, 

PRO' Generative i prod^c, 

tivc. . £^ 

PRO'CREATIVBNESS, /. [fio^^oc^ea* 

ti've,'] Power of generation. Decay ofPtOy* 
PROCREA'TOR, /. [from^«<r€tf;#r] (Je- 

nerator; begetter, 
PRCKCTOR. /• [contraaed item prmtraor^ 


i. A manager of another man's afiain. 


%* An attorney in the %irituai coort. 

%, The magifl.rate of the univwfity. 
To PRO'CTOR. V, a, [from tlic noun.] To 

manage. Sbakefpt$re, 

PRb'CTORSHIP./. ffrcup/w^:} Qftcf 

or dignity of a pro^or. Claret^n. 

PRO'CUMBENT. a, [procufi^em, Us^.} 

Lying down J pronc. ' 

PROCU'RABLE; a. {from prMert.J Tf 

be prociired ; obtfinaUe^;^^ acquirable^ ; 

PRO'CURACy. /. [from prpfure,} The 
manaeemept 9f any. thing. 

PROCUR ACTION. /. Ifrom procure.] The 
aa of procuring* , f^wiJpfMr^ 

PROCURA'TOR./ [proeuraeeur,Twtn^.) 
Manage?; oj]^ v^^ tranCa£b a^jiirs for 
another. Tnlor, 

PROCURATO'RIAL.A l^toxi^ ptccvafor.] 
Made by a proAor. ' jiylifi* 

PROCU'RATORY, ef. [|ro» j&i»^4<»f.l 
Tending to procuration. 

To PROCU^RB. y. fi.[/wAffp,LatiiJ 
I. To manage ; to tranfa^ ipr aj^ocher* 
a. To obtain I to acquire. 4^i^ 

J. To perfuade i tp prevail on, Uerh*rt, 
4. To contrive ; to forward. Ska^pffi^^* 

To FRO'CURE* ^, f. To'bayrd ^ tqp^mf. 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

* iftg-. • ... .^... Vry4en, 

* 1, -<Sne thirt gains 5^ obtainer* Wfihon* 
•' ». Pimp :-.Mjid4r. ' ■ * ' ^wr^. 
teOCU'RissT/; [ffom/rc<*rf.J A bayird*. 

fJ^&lfGAL,ji,[prpdiiui, Lat'm.) PKoFyfc ; 

)faffeftilj bype^i^ej' lavifli. ' PhWp, 

PltO<DlGAL. /.' A wafter ; a fperidthrjft. 

J? RO 

PRODIGA'I'ItT./. [frodtgalit/, Frcndi.] 
Eitrawgancc j pjofufion i . w^o j cxceflivc 
lib«illity. ' Qtan^Mle. 

PWPlCAU-y. ^. [from/ro%tf/;j ^xo- 
fu^y j waftcTully 5 extravagantly. * '' 
I ' J^fl' JfOkiffifi' Siryden, 

PRODl'GIOUS. *tf. Xprodi^MySMi^*l 

PRODI'GtOtJSLy: al tfboi //Tf/fT'V.] 
Ain3«i»gly j *ftQpiibingl> j . poUiU«fil)y!$ 
enprmyufly, , , . ^ay, 

JBtiormotil^ft^ pQJtf^n^^paQls 5 ij^fia^'ng 
qualities^ ". . ' ., -.,.", 

t^RO'DlGY. /; [prodigium, LaCin.] 

I. Any tbii)£ owtof the ordinary procc/f 
ci nature) ' rrom which oqiiCijis are draNyn ; 
poi«i:iit. (■ ■ ' Jddtfofi^ 

^,/ Mocker. . ^tf«- Jqbnjonf 

3.- Any thing TaftoniiJuAg for good oc bad. 

* ' , ' ^peBat9n 

V^qDVt^pV'f. IprodUlo^ Latio-J Trea- 
fon ;' treachery. Ainfjoarfki 

FRO'DJTOH, /. [UtiJ? J A traytor, ^ot 
in ufe. ^ ^aiefpeare, 

fROBITO'RIOUS, tf. [f|»n> ^fl^Vof^, Lat.J 
I. Traytecousj treachvpH^i perfidious. 

. 9. Apt to make difcoyenes. Wotfon, 

•To PRODU'CE'. w. ff. i/»ro^tff<?, Latin.] 
X. To o^r to the view or notice. Ifaiab, 

• 2. To exhibit to the publick, Swift, 

3. To bring as an evidence. SbaJfefpefire, 

4. To bear 5 to bring forth> as a yegetabJ«» 

^ Sandys, 

5. To caijfe; to effc£l j to generate | to 
beget. Bacpn^ 

J>RO'DUCE. /. [from the verb.] 
I. Produ^ 2 ch^t which any tblflg yields 
or brings. Dryden, 

> 1. Amount J, profit; gainj emcrg^Qfiufls 
Or quantity. . , Add-on, 

PRQDU'CENT,/. lU^m produce, '\ One that 
exhibits ; one that offers. - >r • » - Jyiiffe^ 

PRODU'CER; /. {f^bm/roi/tf>e.J Onp that 
gqserates or produces. Sucklietr* 

PaODU'CIBLE. ,a, [from pro4ffu,} 
i» Soch as may be exhibited. ' South* 

9» Such' as may^: be- gepftaced fr nade. - ~ 

|»RODy'ClBLBKESs! /. [ftwhi^/j^/j 
. The. fta;e 'of being prod^cible» poyi<^ 

5R0'DUCT. /. ^;/?-o^i.<5?«r, titin.] . . 

1. Something produced, as fruits, gtaia, 
metals. ""■ Spe^afor, 

2. Work J compqfuion. f^attu 

3. Thingconfeqilehtialj effect. M'thon, 
PRODU'C TILE. a,„ [kom frcduca, Laun.J 

Which inay be produced. t 

2. iMotiacred; jecuiar, Surne^ 

3. Poliutedj notpur^. Haleigb. 

4. Not purified by holy rite. ^fyden. 
To PROFA'NE. V. a. fprofano, ipatin. J 

1. To vioUtcj to pollute. Milt»m 

2. To put to wrong ufe. Shakefpefire, 
PROFA'NELV. ad. [itom profane.] With 

irreyerence to facred names or things. ' 


PROFA'NiR./ [ffcnkfrtfane^l Polluteri 
violater. Hooker. 

PROF;a'NENESS. /. [hom profipe.\ Irre- 
verence of what is facred. Vryde»>. 

PROFE'CTION. /. Iprofeaio, Latin.] Ad- 
vance-^progrdTiori. ^roion. 

ToPROFE'SS. v. a. [profejrus,t^zt\fi.)' . 
I. To declare himself in ftiong terms of 
any opinion or pafTion. Milton, 

s. To make a fhow of any fSrntimeiits by 
loud declaration. Sbgik^peare, 

3. To declare puUickly one's fkjy in any 
art or fcience, 15 as to invite employment. 

To PROFE'SS^ v. n. . 

1. To declare openly. Sbak^efre„ 

2, To declare friendfhip. Sbakefpeare. 
pROFE'&bEDLY. tf^. [from prof eUtd.} Acf 

cording to open declaration made by h^m* 
feJf. t . ' Dryid^tu 

PKOFE'SSION./. [from;prc/y>.] 

1. Calling J vocation J known emp^yment. 
• • SprMt^ 

2. Declaration. Hwrft, 

3. The adl ^f declaring oaf's fclf of any 
' party or opinion. TiUotfon, 
P^OFE^SSIO^L. a, [irom pr(fcffi9_n^]%t^ 

latilig to a particular catling or profcflion. 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


who hits made zAviM^iatxit m any fl!udy 
•" Ortufinifs/ L % ' Boyle, 

•tROFI'CUOUS. a:iprofiiuus,Ui^t\.] Ad- 

• Vantagcous^ ufeful*. Philips, 
^^On'US., J, [profile, French.] The fid^ 

l^ce J haif face. Dryden, 

PRO'FIT, /. f /kro//, French J ' 

• J,. Gain} pecuniary advantage* . Swifts 
^*"iii Advantag^e j acceflio'nofgood. Bacon, 

3, Improvement ; ^adva'ncement j proftci- 

•"•'cncy. " 

ToPRO'FtT. v.^. (profiup-, Fi-encI?.] ' ^ 

I. Tobjpncfitj to advantage* ', yoi, 

' a, To imf rove j to advance, J^ryden, 

ToP^Q'FIT. -v.n. . . 

• I. T*o gdrt advantage; * . ' jirbutbnof, 
■''%, To mate improvement. Dryden, 

^, To be of ufe or advantage. Prior, 

PRCyPlTABLE. ^. [frofitabley Fr. from 

V I. Gainful J lucrative. Bacon, 

• 2. .Ufeful J advan^ageoils,' Arbutbnot. 
PRaFfTABLENESS. /. [from profitable,] 

i; Gainfuliifefi. ^' ' 

• 2. Ufefulnefs j advantageoufj^efs. 
PRQ<^IT/\BLy, ad; [frort profitable.] * 
•' 1. Gainfully. 

• a. Advaiitageoully 5 ufefully. jyake, 
PRO/FITLESS. a, {iroin profit,} Void of 
" gain or advantage. ' ■ Shakefpeare, 
PRO'FLIGATE. a^^ [^ro/?jgra/jii, Latin.] 

Abandoned 5 loft to virtue and decency; 

*' (himvi^fs: ; • -. . . Rofcomt^on. 

PROFLIGATE. /. An abandoned fhamc- 
' lefs wratch. . , Swiff, 

to PRO'FLIGATE. v. a. [profigo, Lat.] 

• To drivit away. . , ffarvey, 
PRO'FLIG ATELV.' hd. [from proJUiate,] 

;."$hameloily. - Swift, 

P R O- 

PRC^^Vg AHENEsi. 7.' (fern prBfli^mf 

• The quality of being pj-ofiigsj^c, T . -n r 
PRO'FLtfENCE. /. prompf^ent.y Proi 

V grefs*; coutfc. ' ' Wotios, 

PRC/f LU;ENT. a. Iffom'prsflwm, L?tin.| 

• Flovripg forward. " Mitt^ 
PROF0'UNp.,d. |;,j&ro/i(p^5,XatHi,J 

1. D6ep; descending Jfir tidow the far- 

• facfe'; low with refpeatdrtkcncighbduriflg 

• places. • . M/r*r. 
j 2. Int6Ue£tually deep ; .j)Qt Qbyiftus to th^ 
, . jjjjnd. ....... i 

'. 3. Lowly J humble; fubmifs; fuVmiflivc. 

• ^ « . ' . - ' r ■' -^»^<». 

"^4-. Learned beyond the common reach. 

* " '5. - Deep in contrivance, ifc/w« 

PROFO'UND.y. ; . ' ' ;[ 

j^" 1. The ''deep J the majrij^t^ieica. San^if 
I- "2. The abyfs; ' ■' ' ' ^ ' I Hilton. 
To PROFO'UKfD. v.* ». 'ffrorjt thtf hniih.] 
rTo dive; to pQnetra|:e.,. Clar-viUi* 

PROFOnr-KDIJY, ad. (fr^m projound.} ' 
u"'f.~ Efeei^y; With deep concern, ' ShakA^ 

2. W^h ^reat degrees oCknoMrkdge j with 
deep i^fight. * ' ' . D/jdeoi 

PROFOUNDNESS./. Ifrom'profound.} 

t. Depth of place. 

•" 2. Depth of knowledge. • ffooier, 

PKOFU'NDITy./, [froqi^r^tf»^j Diipdi 

•of place or knowledge. Miltn, 

PROFU*SE. a. [ W»/«;,^at.].L3.viflii to» 

liberal; prodigal; o^raboundiiig. Addifsttt 
PI^OFU'SELY^ ad. [from profuje,] 

l..Uvifhly;^Vddigally. . .. ^ 

2, With exuberance. ^Tbotujon* 
PROFU'SENESS./, \ftomproFufeJ] Laviih* 

nefs ; prodigality. ' Dryden. jitter&itry* 

PROFU'SION. /. [ profufy, Latin.] 

i. Laviflinefs'; prodigality j extravagancy 

' ■ "' Rozoe, 

' %, Laviih expence ; fuperfluoas efFoiioo. 

.. • ' HaytoarL 

3. Abundance; exuberant plenty. v£(^i7os« 
To PROG. *.«. 

• I. To rob ; to fteaL 

2. To Ihift meanly for provi*fions. VEfr» 
PROG./, [from the verb.] Visuals j pro? 

vifion pf any kind, ^^iji, Congreoe, 

PROGENERA'TiON. /, [prt>genero,hax:l 

The aft of begetting : propagation. 
PROpE'NITOR. f,.(progenim, LattnJA 

forefatl^r; an aneejqr in^ d-ireA line. 

• . ^' u ' - jdafw. 

PRO^GENY. /. [pro^emyoUVt, pn^ittM 

Lati'rt.'] Offspring ; race; generation, ^^' 

PROGNO'STICABLE. a. [horn progtufii-r 

, eat^e.y 'Stjch as may bfe/erdimown or fore* 

• toM. ■ ' . I Brcmn, 
To PROGNOSTICATE, v, a, [from^»^- 

• noflick,'] To foretell: to forcfliow, C/ait"^^ 
PROC^SraSTieA'TlON. /. [from prj- 
•• Mojiicate,} -^ V*ft 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

p. R O 


7. The aft, of foreknowing or fpreH^i^ig. 


' 1. Foretoken* , • - Sidney* 

PROGNOSTICA'TOR. /. [Urom prognofii- 

catcl Foreteller J ' /brekriower. 

Government of the Thgf*e, 
PROQNCySTICK. fl. [flrfoywoHoc] Fore* 

tokening diTeafe or recovery. 
PROGNO^STICK./. [from the a^jcftive.] 

J. The /kill of foretelling Viifeafes, or the 

event of difeafcs. . Arhuthnet, 

2. A pre4i^ioa. Sivlft. 

3. A token foreruiining. ' 66utb, 
PRO'GRESS./. Ipro^e'SfFr, itomprogregusy 


z. Courfe ; proceflion ; paflage. 

Shakejpeare, ' Milton, ' P9pe» 
%» Advancement } motion forward. 

Bacon*. Swift, 

3. Intelle£lual improvement j advance- 
njent in knowledge. Locke, 

4. Removal from one place to another. 


5. A journey of ftate ; a circuit. Bacon, 
To PROGRESS, v. «. [/>rogrra//or, Latin.] 

To move forward 5 to pafs. Sbakefpeare, 
l>ROGRE'SS10N. /. [ frogreffio, LsiUn.] 
I. Procefs 3 regular and gradual advance. 

%, Motion forward. Brown, 

3. Courfe y paiTage. Sbakejpeare, 

4. Intelle^ual advance, LocU, 
PROGRE'SSIONAL. a, [from progref- 

/oil.] Such as arc in a ilate of eocreale or 

advance. Brown, 

PROGRE'SSIVE. a, [progrejjif, French.] 

Going forward ; advancing. Brown, 

PROGRE'SaVELY. ad, [horn progrejji've,^ 

By gradual fteps or regular courfe. Holder, 
PROGRE'SSIVENESS. /. [from progref- 

Jhe.] The ftate of advancing'. 
ToPROHl'BIT. v,a, [prohiheo, Latin.] 

1. To forbid ; to interdict by authority. ' 


2. To debar; ta hinder. Milton, 
PROHPBITER. /. Itrom prohibit.'} For- 

bidder ; interdidter. 

PROHIBl'TIOK. /. [prohibition, French.] 

Forbiddancej interdidtj a£t of forbidding. 


PROHl'filTORY. a. Ifrom probihit.] Im- 
plying prohibition ; forbidding. Aylifft, 

To PROJECT. V. tf. [/>fo>fltti, Latin.J 
1. To throw out 5 to catt forward. ?ope, 
». To exhibit a form, as of the image 
thrown on a mirrour. Dryden, 

^. \Projetter, Fr.] To fcheme ; to form 
in the mind ; to contrive. South, 

To PROJECT. V. n. To jut out; to 
'lioot forward ; to (hoot beyoml fomething 
fiext iu 

I'lf^O'JECT. / {prcjet, Fr. from the verb] 
•Scheme} contrivance. ^ogeru 

.4. In chemiftry, cri(i3 of an operation. 


PROJE'CTOR, /. [from prcfea.} 
I. One who forrhs fchemes or defigns." 

jiddifon. Rogjers, 
s. One who /orms wild impradlicii^lc 
fchemes. Pc^e, 

PROJE'CTURE. /. [proje^ure, Fr. /r^ 
tura, Latin.] ' A jutting out. 

To PROIN. V. a, [a corruption ofprune.1 
To lop J to cut i to trim j to prune. 

Ben, Jobrfon, 

ToPROLA'TE. [^r«/tf/»w,Laiin.J To 
pronounce ; to utter, ^ Hawei, 

PROLA'TE. a, [proiatus, LAtin,] Oblate j 
flat. Cbeyne, 

PROLA'TION. /. [^ro/tfj»r, Latin.] 
I. Pronunciation; utterance. Rajl 

a. Delay ; a£l of deferring. 

PROLEGO'MENA./. [«rjoXu>i^iv«.] Pre- 
vious difcourfe ; introdudlory obfervatt- 

PROLE'PSIS. /. (flrgo'A«>ti?.] A form of 
rhetorick^ in which objeftions are antici- 
pated. Bramh^lL 

PROLE'PTICAL. tf. [Uxom prohpfii,] Pre- 
vious; antecedent. GlanvUle, 

PROLE'PTICALLY. ad, [ftom proleptital,j 
By way of antici pation . Clarijffk^ 

PROLETA'RIAN. a. Mean ; wretched j 
vile; vulgar. Hudihrat, 

PROLIFICA'TION. /. [proUi and/tfdo.J 
Latin.] Generation of children. Brown, 

PROLI'FICK. 7 a, [prolifique, French.] 

PROLPFICAL. 5 Fruitful ; generative 5 
pregnant; produ^live. Dryd*n, 

PROLITICALLY. a, [(xom protifick.} Fruit- 
fully ; pregnantly, 

PROLPX. a. [prolixus, Latin.] 

1. Long; tedious; not concil'e. Digij, 

2. Of long duration. ' ^'^. 
PROLI'XIOUS. tf. [from/ro/;«.] Dilatory} 

tedious. Shakefpeare, 

PROLraiTY. /. [/ro//x;V/, French.] Tc- 
dioufnefs; tireifome length; want of "bre- 
vity, Bcyle, 
PROLI'XLY. ad. [from ^r«//Jf.] At great 
* length ; t;diouflv. Dryden, 
PROLPXNESS. /. [from/ro/ix] Tediduf- 

PROLOCtrrOR. /. [Latin.] The foreman ; 

the fpeakcrof a convocation. Swtftm 

PROLOCU'TORSHIP. /. [from prolo^u^ 

tor.] The office or dignity of prolocutor. 
' PRO'- 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


J . . To lengthen out j to continue ; td draw 

• otil. . , Milton* 
a. To £mt off to a diftant time. Sbakejjf>eare, 

PROLONG A'TION. f.- l^riilongdthn, tr. 

1. The a£t of lengthen Jng. 3acon. 

2. Delay to a longer- tune. Bacon* 
I^OLU'SIOW. /. f/To/tt/Fd, Latin.] Enter- 

tainments i performance of diveriidn. 

PK^O'MINttCT. ^2. [frortirtensy Lat.] Stand- 
' ing out beyond the near part? j protube- 
rant j extant. Brown, 
PRO'MINENCE. 7 /. [frommentia, Lal.J 
PRO'MINENGY. 5 ProWbttahcfe j cJc- 

• tant part. ^ddifon, 
PROMISCUOUS, ct, [frcmifcuus, Latin.] 

Mingled ^ confui'ed } undiilinguiflied. 


PROMI'SCUOUSLY. ad. IFrom premifcu- 

' ««u] With confufed mixture j indifcrimi- 

Datclj'. Sandys^ 

PRO'MISE. /. [fromljum, Latin.] 

l» Declaration of fome benefit to .be con- 
jfered, Vrydeu* 

2, Performance of promife j grant of the 
.thing promifed. A^s, 

3. Hopes ; expe£lation. Sbakejpeare, 
To PRO'MISE. 1/. a, [ promitto, Lat.J To 
' mak e declatation of fome benefit to be con- 
ferred. « • Temple* 

To PRO'MISE. V. n. 

I. To aflure one by a promife» D'ryden* 
a. It is ufcd of affurance, even of ill. 


PRO'MISEBREACH. /. [breach and pro- 
tutfe.] Violation of promife. Sbakefpeare, 

PRO'MISEBREAKER. /. [promi/e and 
break."] Vialater o( promifes. Sbakefpeare, 

PJ5.0^1SER./. IJvQ'in promlje.l Otie who 

' promifes. Ben. yobnjon, 

PRO'MlSSbRY. a. Containing profefTion 
of fome benefit ta be conferred. Jirbuthnou 

PRO'MISSORILY. ad* [from prom'tjfory.] 
By way of promife. Brown, 

PRCMONT. 7 /. [promontorium, 

PROMONTORY. 5 Latin.] A headland 5 
a cape ^ high laud jutting into the fea. 


To PROMO'TE. -V, a. [promotus^ Latin.]. 
I. To forward; to advance. Milton, 

%. iPrcmouvoir, Fr.] To elevate 5 to ex- 
alt j to prefer. Milton* 

P&OMO'TEk./. li>rmotiJr,TtCMti.} 

' t.' Adtihc^f J ft)rwardefj tncthrifer', 

' a.'tnformer^ jnakebat/e. ," \,zrumr^ 

I^^O^fdltlON. /.'t/''^J)»o?^^;;f/.] Adi 

vanrement j^ encoura^emcnPj' ^xfiltaijOA 

to foime new honour or rankj preferment. 

•jTo PRQ'MOVE. V. a. [^row^fVM, LatinJ 
To forward j to advance j to promott, 


I*ROMPT. a. I prompt, Trtnch:} '' ' 
I. Quicit J ready j aciite j cafy. 

*'" ilareitdoiu 
9» Qukki petulant^ • tryden, 

3. Ready without heiitation ^ ;Branting no 
nc«r motiire. ' ' Drydin* 

4. Ready ; . told down : as^ prompt />^- 

To PROMPT. V. a, [protttare, Italtan.l 
I. To af}ift by private inHru^lion ; to nelp 

* at a lofs, " Afcbam, StiUinpJteet* 

a. To incite j lo infligate. SbakmAre* 
3. To remind. pro^tM 

l^RO'MPTEk. /." [froin pronAt.] 

I. One who helps a piiblick fpeaker, hf 
fuggefling the word to him when be faJ^ 
ters. " Sbak^tvu 

t* An admontiher 5 a remisider. 

PRO'MPTITUDE. /. I promptitude^ K.) 
Rdadinefs ; quicknefs. 

^RCKMPTLY. ad. [from prompt.'] Rea- 
dily; quickly; expeditioufly. Taylor* 

PRO'MPTNESS. /. [from prompt.} Readi- 
nefs ; quicknefs ; alacrity. * South, 

PRO'MPTURE. /. •|;from/.ro»^f.] Siig- 
geftion ; motion given by another. 


PRO'MPTURY./. [prbmptuarium.'Ufici.'l 
A ftorehoufi; j a fepofitory ; a magazine. 

Tb PROMUT-G ATE. v. a. [promulgo, Lit.] 
To publiih J to make known Jiy open de- 
claration. ,Locke, 

PROMULGA'TION. /. tfi-omm^atio, Lat.] 
Publication ; open exhibition. South* 

PROMULGATOR. /, [ftqxn prmulgatc] 
Publifher ; open teacher. Decay of Piety* 

To PROMU'LGE. v. a, [Croia pUmu^o, 
Latin.] To promulgate ^ to publiih ; to 
teach openly. 

PROMU'LGER. /. [from promuM Pub- 
lisher; promulgator. jitttrbury* 

PRONA'TOR. /. A mufcle of the radiui. 

PRONE, a. [promts, Latin.'] 

1. Bending downward ; notcnJA. tl4iltin* 

2. Lying with the fjtee ddwnwards: con- 
trary to fupii^r. Brovnit 

3. Precipitous ; headlong ; g«ing down- 
wards, MiH^t 

4. Declivous; lloping. Blackmtrti 

5. inclined ; propenfe ; di^ofed, -5p«*ft* 
PRO'NENESS. /, XUotn^rone.} 

t* TItc 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



t. The ftate of beodiag downwards; not 
mCtnthm • JBrovm. 

s. Thcibteof lungwiditheficedoWJi- 
watds; not fiiplMne^. 

3. Pefcentj declivity, 

4. Indinatiofl i propenfion; difpofkionto 
ill. HoSker. 

TKQKC, f. [prwgben, Dutch, to fqueetc] 
,A fork. . ^liJyi, UuH^ifras. 

PROfPllTY', /. [from/roiftf.] Proncne(ii. 

PUPNOU^. /. [tronomn, Latin.] WOrds 
' «j^''inftead of npnns or na^nes. 

To TCIONOU'NCE. V. a, Iftrononcer, Fr. 
^ro9if(9^i9» Latin.] 

J, To fpeak } to utter. Jeremiah, 

*. To utter folemhly ; to utter confident- 
Ijr. Sbake^eare, 

%, To.forni.or articulate by the organs of 
i^eech. Holder. 

4. To utter rhetorically. 

ToTRONOCr'NCE. V. ». To fpeak with 
con^^nc^ or authority. South* 

f RbtTOltlJCER. /. [iiQtSL^mmnce:\ One 
who pronounces. AyV%ffe, 

fJi.aKVliClA^T10tf.f,lpronunaatio, Lat.] 
The f^ or mode of pUecance. Holder^ 

^OOlF. /. ffrom^rww.] 

i« Evi4^nce| teftimony i convincing token. 

*, Teftj trfalj experiment. ^ Milton. 
^0 Firm temper 5 impenetrability. 


4. Armour hardened till it will abide a 
teruln trial. ShakefpeMte. 

5. tn printing^ the rough draught o£ » 
iheet when Arft pulled, 

PKOOF. 0. Impenetrable ; able to refift. 

PROO^XBSS. a, [ftomfroof:} Unproved j 
wanting evidence. B^ie, 

To PROP. v.*. [prefpen, Dutch.] 
S. To fupport by fomething placed under 
or n^nft. Milton, 

±, To fupport by ftanding under or againit 

^3. TofuAain; to fuppprt. Pof>e, 

PROl*. /. iproppe, Dutch.] A fupport j a 
Aay j that on which any thing reils. 


PkCyPAGABLEi a. [from propagate,] 

Such as may be fprduL Beyle,- 

To PRO'PAGATJE. v. a, [propago, Lat.] 

I. To continue or fprcad by generation or 

^ceffive production. Otiuoy^. 

a. To extend ; to widen, Shahfpeare, 

3, To carry on from place to place j to 

promote. Newton, 

4«.'t'ocncreafe5 to. promote. Shakefpeare, 

5, To generate. 

To PRO'PAGATE. v, ». To }^m off- 

fpring. Milton. 


PROFAOATION. /. f^nj^^^ taftn.7 
Continuaiice or diffu^on Jby groeratioa v 
fttcoeffive pr«du6Hon.* fTifem 

PROPAGA'TOR. /. [ftom fropi^ate.] 
I. One who continues by yticcefivt pr6- 
dudibn. ^ 

s. A i)>reader; a promoter.. AUtfin^ 

To PROPE'L. V. a. ipn^elfSt, Latii.] T^ 
drive fopvard. ffarvey. 

To FROPE'ND. v. n, [propendeo, Ut.] To 
inclines To any part ^ to be t^f^kh iij fa« 
f oUf of any thing. &hakdf>ear$9 

PROPE'NDENey. /. [from/rt^^l ' 
I. Inclination or tendenty of defire to any 

%, n?rom prependo, tit, to weigh.] prc- 
confideration i attei^tive deliberation j peb- 
pendency. Jfale. 

!>ROPE'NSE. a, Ipropenfusttzttnij IncHn- 

' ed * difpofed. MltoM, 

PROPE'NSIOW.7/. [propen/!0,Ui. ftom 

PROFE'NSITY. J prolep^^ 

t. Inclination 2 diipcmtiOn to any thing 
good or bad. ' RogerU 

1, Tendchcy. Diihi\ 

PRO'PER. ji, [proprittt, latin.] ' 

I. Peculiar j hot betbngi&|( to mo|e 5 not 
common, J)a'ui§$» 

a. Noting an indiyidual| fTattu 

). One*sown. SbMpear^ 

4. Natural 3 originaL Mjltoti^ 

5. Fit; adcomtaaodated; adapted | fuitaftle; 
qnajified. ^^f* 

6. £xa£(; .acqirate; yitU "' 

7. Not figurative. Surn$(: 

5. It Teems in Shakefpeartto fi^ilfy^ mere'i 

^. [Prt»/«,Fr.] Elegant; pretty. Beh^m 
to. Tall) luRji handfomt with bulk. 
PROPERLY, ad, Ifrom pr^,} 
1, Fitly; fnitably. 

3. In a ^t\& fenfe. Milton f 
PRO'PERNESS* /. [Unmproper,1 

1. 'i'he quality of being propier. 

2. Talnefs. 
PRO'PERTY. /. [from^re/«r.| 

1. Peculiar quality. ' Hook^i 

2. Quality ; difpofition. South, 
j. Right of poA*eflion. liock^ 

4. Pdfl*eflion held in onft*8 own right. 

c. The thing pofTefTed. Shdkejpeare. 

6. Nearnefs or right. Shakifpear€, 

7. Something iffeful ; an appendage. 

To PROTERTY. v. a, [from the noun.] 

1. To inveft with qualities, Shakefpear*, 

2. To feize or retain as fometblng owned ; 
to appropriate ; to hold. Sbaiehearu 

PROPrtA'SIS. /. ftrf^«<rc;.] In nicdiqne, 

a fotfknoyvltfdge of difcafes. * 

PRO'PliECY./. [trgotn%»'».] A d«cl«ation 
5D ©f 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

( P R O 


RR0<PHE5rak. /. [ftomfropJke^.l One 

To PRO'PHESy. V. a, 

1. To predial to foretell; to pcognofti- 
f*tf, ... .... .Shakejpcare, 

«• Tofofeiho#. Shakefpeare, 

To PRO'PHE^y. <^. ar. 

.1,. .To Utter pf^klipns^ Sbakefpeare, 

%, To pr^cb. A /criptural , prii%. . 

PROTHET.:/r [«r;«^,^r.ic.J 

I* One who ^ells future events ^ a pre* 
• ilOtr J a foreteller* £>ry4fft, 

». poe of^ the i^Qtei writers ^^qioowered 

by God to foretell futurity, ShaMeJpiare, 
PRO'PHETESS. /. [propbetejfe, Fr. from 

projtbft,} A wQifua that inreteUs futyie 

evcfits. ' Pcii(bam, 

PROPHE'TICK. -I a. [prophefi^ue, Fr.J 
PROPHE^TICAL. f Foreiceing or forc- 

■ telling future events. otiUingfieei* 

>ROPH£'TlCALLY. ad. [from ftiopbeti^ 

tal,'\ With knowledge of futurity $ in 

m^nqft% oi ^ pri^hef^t Hammond, 

to P^O'PHETIZE. V. n. To give pre- 

didions. ' Daniel, 

PROPHYLA'CTICK:. a. [vgo^-y^nTixa,-.] 

Preventive"; pfcfcrvativc. JVatts, 

PR0PPNQJ7ITY, /. [prop'wquUas^hz^n,} 

It Ne^ruefsj proxinity; Jieigbbo^rhood. 

2. Nearnefs of time. . Srctvo. 

3. Kindred ; 'nearnefs of Wood. Shake fp* 
PROPl'TIABLE^ a. [from propitiate.] 

: Sucbas may be rndoced to favour | fuch 

a« may be made prcpiiious. 
To PROPl'TlATE. 1/. «i. [prop}ti9t Lat.] 
To induce to favour j to gain ^ to conci* 
Hate; to make propitious. StilliniJUeU 
PROPlTiA'TION, /. [propitiation^ Fr.J 
, I. The a£t of making propitious. 
ft. Th« fitenement $ the peering by which 
prepitinufnefs is obtained. I yohn, 

I'KOPniAJTOR,/, [from propitiate,] Qnc 

thr.t propitiates. 
PROflTftlTORY* a, [propidatoire,Tt,2 
.Having the power to make propitious. 

opittusy Lat.}Favou/> 
U [Uova propnitius,] 
f. [from prcpimui.] 
nefs. Temple, 

id «Er^ax/(t«.] Mould; 
['STooTc'Ka^in.ii,'] The 
i for cafting. 
itnpropQffens, Latin. J 
>Qfai„ Vrjdiji, 

ther. , .. , . . ■ ' ''TO. 

5. 'Form; fize. * ^bdiMi* 

To PROPpOlTION, -a. a. [ fropo^^^^ 
French.] - . '^' ' 

I, To s^juft by comparative rdatlon. 

, ^iddijaiu 
%, To form fym metrically. Sidney* 

PROPO'RTIONABLE, a. \ttom pr^poni^ 

" on.] Adjufted by comparative relation; 
fach as is fit. TtUotfn, 

PROPO^RTIONABLY. ad, f from />r^/cr- 
tion,] ^zf:xixii\Ti% to proportioa; accord- 
ing to comparative relations. Itogers, 

PROPO'RTION'AL. a, \ipr6portfM.fu} 
Having a fettled comparative relitlonf 
having a certain degree of any qualitj cci&o 
pared with' foinething t\(t, 

PROPORtlONA'U'^Y. f, [frdih^S 
tiQnal,] The quality of being prop^rt^itfj* 

PROPO'RTIONALLY. ad, {Uot^'^/^mi^ 
, onal,] In a dated degree. ' ' iieimtM, 

PROPO'RTIONATE. a. [from profortim] 
Adjufted to fomething clfe, acconting[ to 
a certain rate or comparative relation. 

To PROPORTIONATE, v. a, JTito |^ 

^ portion,] To adjnft, accordipg to. fettled 

rates, to fomething elfe, ^ 'Bentla, 


portionafe.] The ftate of being by compa^ 

rifon adjured. ffale, 

PROPO'SAL^/. [from^r<^/*.] ^ 

1. Scheme or defign propounded to cenfi- 
dcrs»tioo or acceptance, . . , ^f(id!ftn^ 
%. Ofter to' the mind. ' - South, 

To PROftb'SE. V. a. [propofer, fr^yjo 
offer to the confideration. Watts, 

To Pf OPO'SE. V, M. To Uy fcheijies. 


PROPQ'SIR. /. [from fropofe,] ,^ One H^ 
oifers any thing to conUderation. Svnji» 

PROPOSPTION. f, [propofition, Fr. pn- 
pofifio^ Latin,] -> 

J.. A fentence in which any'.thihg is' af- 
firmed or decreed. Bamvioiid* 

2. Propofal; offer of tirmt.^ ^ Ctann^* 
PROPOSI'TIONAL. a, [from /)ri^ii» J 

Conddered as a propofitinn. ' H^qttst 

To PROPO'U^fD. v, a. ^pr6poni,%At\n»] 

1 . To o0er to coniidei^tion I tppjropQfe. 
^ . . . * . frop^^* 

%, T9, O0CC \ to exhibit. . ^S\akefp^u 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


P Rd 

t9iO^^Sd^0i^yt, Urovampwnd.l He 
t|farprop©vn^« 5 ot thtt offers. 

^jfjgf/rtyri" Poflc&r in his own right. 
. ^ * - Gwernment of the Tongue, 

FR^rtll'ETARy* a. Belonging to a cer- 
tain owner. Grntf, 
fKgfp,VETOR,f. [from /«^W»i, Latin.] 
HJjPf^!^ IT* his own right. ^ Xogers» 
PROWtFETRESS. /. ffrom proprietor,] 
A fcji^aje poflfeiltir in h^ own right. 

V Eft range ^ 

PROPRl'BTy . /. [proprUtai, Latin.] 

I, Peculiarity of poffcflion ; exclufivc right. 

' « Suckling, 

1. Acctiracy j juftncfs, Locke, 

PROPT, for f»repped, {from prep.] Snftain- 

ed thr (otnt ptop. * Pope, 

Jo PkOPU'GN. v. a. [propugno, Latin.] 

Tio defend 9 to vindicate. Hammond, 

PROPUGNATION. /. Ipropugnarh, from 

Propugno, Ltrin.] Pefence. Shakcfpeara 

PRbPC/'GNER. /. [from/>r(9fi^.] Ade- 

fepdcr. Co-jcmment of the Tongtte^ 

f Jlbt^U'tSlON. 7. t *ro^« Ji«4, Lat.] " The 

a:£l of dtiviag forward. Bacon, 

PROR!^. /. |>r*r^, JL.a(in.] The prow j 

the forepart of the Aip. . P9pe, 

PROROGATION. /. l^rorogatio, Latin.] 

). Continuance; ftate of lengthening out 

to a diftant time j prolongation. South, 

9. Interruption of the feiiion of parliament 

by the regal authority. Swifl* 

To PRORO'GUF. y. a* [prorogo, Latin.] 

^ I. To protra^j tbprolong.- Dryden, 

^ %, To pnt off 5 to delay. Shakespeare, 

' 3; To interrupt the feiHon of parliament 

; lo a diftant time. Bacon, 

PRORU'PTION. /. [proruptus^ Lat.] The 

a^ of burftipg out. Brown, 

PROSAaCfC. a, {pr(fa'tfU€f¥r,] Belonging 

(0 profe I fbfctoUing prefe. 

To PROSCRIBE. V. a. [pr^criho, Latin.] 

I. To cenfure capkally ; to doom to de- 

IUii£tloo. - 'Rofcommott, 

i^To interdi£l# Not ifl ufe. Vryden, 

PROSCRFBBR./.- [from /^ro/cri^*.] One 

thstt do6ms to deflru£^ion. Dryden. 

l*R0SCRrPTlON; y: [ Wfr/>/«, Latin.] 

>i)oom to death or conmcation. 

Ben, yobnfonl 

PROS^.,/, [profa,L%tJ\ Language not re- 

ftr£oed to harmonick £)unds or fet number 

" i^fyilablea. - Skvift, 

^PRO/SECUTE. V. a, [profeeutui, Lat.] , 

• I.. To pevfuei to continue endeavours af- 
ter any thing. Mi/t$ni 

. ■;•;.- To continue ; to carry on. Hay ward, 

p. Toj^octti: inconfideration or difquifi- 

' tioA of any thing« Hooter, 

• 4»-To perfue by law ; to Ait criminally. 
PRDSECU'tlON. /. lirctVkprpficute.:} 

- I* Bttibiti endeavfiur to carry on. Souths 

2. Stittagalnft a man In a Miii!Aa]'«atsfi». 
PRaSBCt/TOR. /. [from profecute.J One 
"that carries on any thing; a pei-Aiet of 

any purpofe ; one who peilbeff another hf 
law in a criminal caufe. ' ^<'> « '< 

PRO'SELYTE. /. [v^oc^Xvl^.] A ct>n- 
▼ert ^ one brought over to a new opinicn. 
. • . ' ' etxPi/etandm 

To PRO'SELYTE. v. a. ' To convwt; 

Government of thi Tongue* 

PROSEMINA'TION./. [profeminatuk, Ut.] 
Propagation by feed. Hale* 

PROSO'DIAK. / [from profitfy,] One 
iclUed in 'metre or profody.' SnAvn, 

PROSODY. / UffiOTfuiU.] The part of 
gramrtiar whicn teachei the ibtffld and 
quantity pf fyllables, and the neaforei o( 
verfe:' ' 

PROSOPOPOEIA./, (irjo(fa»ir»flr^«.] Per* 
ibnification ; figure by which things arQ 
madeperfonr. Dryden, 

PRO'SPECT. /. fprafpefhts, Latin.] 

1. View of fomethlfig diftant. Afi/tcn, 
t. Place wVch affords an.extended vie\n . 


3. Series of ol^tQs opcrt to the eye. 


4. Objeftof view, Vr'm; 

5. ^View into futurity : oppofed to retro.* 
fpe^. Smith, 

6. Regard to fomething future. I'tllorfon, 
ToPROSPE'CT. ^: a: [/r^<^w, tatin.] 

To look forward, DiSf, 

PRbSPE'CTIVE. A [from ptofpe^.] 

I. Viewing" at a diftance. 

. a. Afting with forefight. Cbtld, 

To PRO'SPER. V. a» [profpero, Latin J To 

make happy ; to fovour. Dryden, 

To PRO'SPER. V. n, [profperer, French.] 

I. To be profperous; to be fucccfsful. 


•«. To thrive; to come ibrward, C<ncley, 

PROSPE'RITY./. [proheritas, Lat.] Su#- 

' cefs; attainment ^f --wflhes ; good fortune. 


PRO'SPEROUS. a. [profperut, Lat.] Sue. 

ccftful; fortunate. Milton. 

PRO'SPEROUSLY. ad, [from profperous,\ 

Succefsfully ; fortunately. Bacrr» 

PRO'SPEROUSNESS. /. [from profpenut] 

' Pfci^erity. 

PROSPFCIENCE. /. ffrom profp'icio, L^t. J 

The aft of looking forward. 
PROSTBRNAtlON: J, [from prrftemo, 
Latin.] Pejeftion ; deprcflion j !late of 
being caff down, ff^ifeman, 

PRO'STETHJS. r.. [«reor»»d/c.] In furge- 
ry, thit whieh i^lls up what is wanting. 
" ■ f ■ • • , Diff 

T© PRU'STITUTE. v, a, [profijtue, Lat.] 
1, To fcjl to wickednefs; to erpofe to 
^ crrnies for i reward. Addifin* 

* 2, To expoic upon vile terms. Ttliotfin, 
5 D a PRO'* 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


r R o 

. Vicious for hire j fold to infaniy or wick' 

PkO/STmJTS. /« [from the ^6*] 

x. A Hireling $ a mercenary } one Who is 

ietttMe. t>ry4en4 

. ». >Lpiiihlide- f(nimpet. • Dri^J^n, 

lPllOSTJWTI0>^./. Ifrefiltutitm, l^renehj 
' froB^l^lBntfir.] - - -' 

X. The a&oiF ietlwg. to Ale j the ftate of 

.1)ciBg iet to iale. 

z.: The Hfe of A piiUkk ftrspipet; .^Ui^9. 
IPROSTRA'TE. tf. li>r<^atMs,Lztinf] 

i« I>yingtt length* ^ fairfine, 

- «. Lytofi at npercy. $hakt^£ar0* 

3. Thnmn 4own in humhieft adoratiom 
, . ... Boohr. 

•f o PRCSTRATEi v.*. [ji/^4/»j,Lat.] 

1. Tolay-fl^tj to-throw<Jown. Baywufd. 
%. To throw 4own in adoration. Duff a, 

WOSTRA'tlON. j:[frompr0firifte.) 
z. T)ie «dof ftiUxngdown in adoration* 

3. D^eftioni depreffion. ^bmtomt, 

PROSTy>LE.7. r«re<rux6'.] A buUding 

thath^ooWfilurt in thf front. 
P]|06y^LL0GlSNr. /. [pro and JylhfiJ^:] 

A frofyiJopfm ii when two or motriyDo- 

gylnif aie conne^ed togi^ther* |^ir/x« 

PROTA'SIS. /. [Wg^r*c ] 

|. A maxim or propofition. 

2, In the^clfBJi^ drama, the ^rft part of 
a comedy or trag^y that <^phuss the argu- 
menjC «f the pi^ce. iXi0. 

PROTA'TICiC 4. [«##«t«j|ic.] Pm/tf/iVi 
perfons in plays give the relation. 

^0 PROTE'CT. v. a, (prcte€ltts, I^atti?.} 
To defend ; to coyer from' evil i to. shield. 

.. ; . Afi//«i. 

FROTE'CTION;. /. tMtaiMi Freiwh.J 
z. Deftpnee $ mclternom eril. &wi/^. 

' %. A.paflport) fxemptioi^ firom being mo- 
Icftcfl. • .. 

f R.OTS'CTJVI. A (from/i«f<ffJ befiw. 
five 1 ihotteKbg. T^Jmt. 

r^. Defends 2 ihwror $ JTupportfr. 

.A« An officer yf^^ h^^ herctofofe the care 
^L t^e. ktnttom iit the Juog*8 minctity. 

FRQ3:S'0XR£(&S., X IffHtepnif, French. j 
" A woman that ps^eoi. . 
T;* PROTE'NP. V. 4. r>f*«lA, LatinOTo 

held>fiut: to ^tchctorth. Vfysf^* 

PROTEfRVjTY. f. [pratfwms, LatiiiJ 
,' . Peevi/hnefr 4^peCllltaee• 
To PROTE'ST. w. #.. f/r^^. L|ti0.3 *• 

givje a (okmn de^aNpott fit oj^uisonjo^ i^ 

4bbi%Mntt /.: '-' jP<i4jw. 

To PROTEfSTi^ •». 4, . ; - i \ 1 

I. Toprovc^ to ik^i ta. n««.eta4^i9^ 

II. To caU.a« < wittefe. ; ^ '-^ • ifirtlir. 
PROTE'ST.^ tfr<Aahe^rb.3?W-fekta 

declafvtsiii ^;«p)]t!«a aejiiifrltilfml^i^ 
PROTESTANT, ^^i^^mfi,^ Me> 

longlnf to^proteftanta. . " ^^ x^SmH^. 

PROnK^STANT. /; r/^*i^jiw*ftna,l 

Ofif of thofe who adhere to thcxs^ who, 

at ti«e be|^fl9UDt of -^v itfiin«CI^>^ m^ 

teftcd agaiaift th« 6hur^<of 9»td»^Kt CAr. 
^OTE&TA'tlOK,/. |>Mr^A»$#«jffendL] 

A ioleaaf\ declakftiofl ;of reibtaixon, fm^ 

or opinio. ' • ""^ H^dhr, 

PROTE'S-TER. r. One who pr*«fts 5 om 

whixiftt^aibUmndccltEatioiK ^^n&f^ 
pROTifOfNOTARy. /. [^«»r<MW*J*», 

Latm.] The he^ ref^ftei. BfwmuAJ, 
pROTHONO<TARISHIP.j(; [frqn>^ 

notary,} The office or dignity of tMpffh- 

, cipal-regifler, ^'APt 

PROO-OCpt./. [from m^S^io^na^T^^ 

; The original copy of any wriftiig. M^ 

PROTOMAllTYR. /. [w(mf€h and /^« 

vu|.] The firft ffij|ityr. A t«r|n iq>fWA 

to 3t. Stephen, > 

PIlp'TOPL^ST. /. [^Sim^taiA'^U(l0 

Original 5 thing firft formed. H^^^ffi 

I^RO'TOryPE./. [wf^T^Twrcy.] TheWP 

gtnal of a copy ; ckempkr i arcbccype. 

mfion. StilHniJU^^ 
Tf> PROTRA^CT. ^ If. £^«mr^a^Latii,} 

To draw oot| to delays to kng^MAj-tci 

fpin to lei^th. iOn^. 

ipROTRA'CT. /. £ifwntJM«mk] Teiir 

pua oofitinnanOe. . '^H^f 

PROTRA'CTER. /. [from /r#<«^, J 
, I. One who draws out any thing totedf^i 

kngth. . » 

%, A mathematical iniboment Ibr tdtibg 

PROTR AUCTION./. [Uom fr^trgA] T*e 

a£^ of dr«i|»i^g to l^th. (Mii^ 

f ROTRA'CTIYE, f». [from/rofmAj Wr 

Ijltory : deh^ing ; fpinning to Itogth. ' 
PROTRl'PTICAL. 41. t^wlet AnicfuWr^ 

tateiy; fuiUbr]P» ^W. 

To PROTRUfDE. w. «. [./i«ee»A,XlftiiLl 

To thruft forwKd. ffmtimafi 

To PROTRIKOI. w. j|k To thfolk lii|tf 

BROTRirSION./. r>r»rr»/3i*, Latin.] n« 
aA of* thfutf ing ibtwird j fbi(u|l 5 pd(h> 

PRpTU>BERANc£ /. [prptvkiro, I>ati«.j 
Sofn^hiftt fwdliag Afaoj^fe (he Wft 3^ 'Mb? 
IttinfMfi .(tuooor. * ^-'wfe^ 

FROTU'BSRANT. ^ [him ^^ttOi^Jp 

, SweUi4K$.prominfQtb > ^!«. 

To PROTW/BBRAOT. ^,m.,^fimAilrif^^ 
XatiflE.] .To fmU Mcvwii) tftApeO •»< 
^9Midthf Mrtea^jaotot. . > >^ SMf t 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

rP RrO 

t«.Fwiilii^e'| frugality I xaAtaik tnd , 
wodfeiate cafe c/f cxpence, Pn^ni, 


Ibr : olfintktibufljT: ia i£ pfoud'mannbrZ 

' V?.^o eviace,} -to ifc^w bgr ai;gi?n»ent. or 
teftipmy, : 4^tr^uryi 

1,.^ try ; ^to bring to tke tp^t MUton, 

. 3liJ*o expcrieqcCf - 'l^ir*4 

Tai>IU>VE. V. «, . i .^" I 

1» To make triair ;';ft|fpW4 

, |>;To fuccced. . , -Aufw. 

4. To be found in the event, Jf^alkr. 

be pftved. 

fROVJE'DOKi. y Q«&wlwiandfrtak6»to 

^iwDj^forBrutes ; hay and com. Shakeffeare. 

]^^'VE8:B, /. lprcperhinmyhf^,-\ • 

. |. tA fl\9tt fMjteaccffcqaehtly related by 

, .^|^;^'ople j a faw j an adage. 44^*tt* 

B, A w^tdjiian^c, or gbferyath?!* jqjwmonfy 

. itwwvcd or uttered. y<a^r<M iii. 

toPfiLOfVERB., ^. i 

?. To mention in a proverb. Jj^^n* 

. a. To itfo^gMe wi^ * ^anrc^h, Sbf^^p^r^i 

tMX)yi^»,BTAh. a. [prw€rH4if,¥nti^\i.] 

f. Mentioned in'ii frovccb^ > / ]Ten^* 

J. Jte|b|«?biii^g » proverb. J ibitpiii^ to i| 

provi^b. ^ JSiWivtt* 

> pompriftd b» a proi>«ijk. J^i 

PRa\rE'RBt4tl!.y. «i..pi:am#«>fMr^wif.] 

ab «.RroVepb, Tit/ ;#yf»Bi9« 

To ^ROtVi'Sffi.^ V. 4. r /i/Wi^ Lat«i4 ' 

"" ' Bfor«£aiid } tb'li^j^ea^y 5. 


rX. To^piipcure beiori 
|oprepare« c " n ••■ - 
«v To-4«riii&.i to fjo^ply* 
.Z> To-ftipUlate. -; ' ^ ^ ' 
4. IToPR^y^i^^^miifti . 1^ t^"W»-: 
fiixes^for couDte«i&4g'or:eifapi9g ,ai>^ 111. 
. ,.. . >-- .. 1 - ~^ '^'" ''^' -W*. 
S-Tc^^tL ovjj>% fir., Ti#.|iriB«"«M»P'*o£ 

f9i(mmSXk4J^^ ^ U|»»n A^fiftd«Wr; Jhiif^ 

.-|kifMlat)on being made. ^ lrii(0ifil^*f 

"|. DMrfight ) tmie^ fj^Ktl^iirec^ft j the 

.«|Qt<itf-fl«ndMig.' - , ^-^^M'T^i^lW;! 

.jf^Uo^iiipiiUfiidaKC* ^ "Mslf^f 

from frtrvifan,^ yr«mp«nu%«a«bHfhe^ ) 

I?R05;^'SldNALLY. ad, [fwm ^rtf^^jS^v/J 
VByw»y<5^3nfjr»?i6<in. ' \i^» 

l^SW^^i /• StipoUtioA J cMtita y proVi« 


f0, l*at«iti|. 

- ^, Smb. 

fioiiat' condition 

I, Anai^Qrf4^t»y« 

i^g which revives !p*deinyed «r cloyed 

]?ROV<yCA?iVEKES& /.^^ [fiFO»t^«w«?<^- 

Hipwgf ^iThe quality of being -provocativp, 
•j^o PRPVO<KE; v,^.-[jprMwc,iUHTi.3 

■ • » . Tq 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

PRir PTi 

fluities. ^ . , . / 'I»il^ 

ToPKVU^f y[ p. To .dr,cfs j to pripk, » A 

• Iii^rcJ"Ouffwordi' • " ^IXryden, 
PRlrt^f./. Adriedplirai. " / '^^ 
PRU'NEL./. Anhcrb, • ' ;^^ - 

• t'A kind of fhiff of. wuth ' (he qfrey- 
" mpis eowBS arc in[a4e. . • PSe, 

• i. A t.iod of pl4m. ." 
FRU'NER./. fftoinj>ri/ntf.] One that er^pj 

PKUNl'FtkOUS. tf. '[• >^'ii5w ^y^ijS'. 

•Latin.] Phm- bearing ' ' /■ ^^ 

PRU'NINC|100K, ? /J. k' 1io6|c dr! k(»^ 

PRU^mNCkNIFE. S VedinlopKw|t'n|«. 

PRU'RllEHCE. 7 /. [from Ww, £afia.} 
PJity'RIfiNGY.S An Itching dr>^i«^ 
furc or appetite to any thing. • '.^ tMfi* 
PRU'RIENT. 4f. Ifruriens, Latin.] ^Iteh- 
' ipg. - yiS^iykk;. 

PRURrciNOyS. tf.f^fmaiLatin.lJead. 

"ihg to an itch. - 'i 

Jo PRY. v,n» f of unknown. d«|wtioi!- J 

: ■'jho p^ep Itarrowly. • l^b^^eitre* 

PSALML A f^»MS?.3 A h^ff^z^Ah. 
PSV^aMlSt. /. [from/^tfAwJ AwnVof 

• holf-fongt. • '^Wfift, 

psA'LMopy. /^ [Mf*«3r(«.:j;7;^c4«w 

pra^ice ptfin^in^ holy fongs. * ' ' ^ 
PSALMO'GRAPHY. /. [>f«X/*3s;aii4>t«'- 

f». ] The aft of writing- p(alm?i V * 
PSAXTER. f, ^4^\rnfm,) Thevolatoe 
- of pfelmsj apfitlm*book. /• r t ; 
PSA'LtERY. f A kind <*^ htrp Jiiafei 

with Aicks. - $4nih'» 

P8E01X>; f. [firom ^2i»'J i^jpfefe. 

•wh&h, :bfc!ng put before 'wor<l% iig^^ 

• k^t or^countcrfsit.s aa, J^iai4bt^ff, » 
• 'c^vnteffeitapoftle. .. :\% - - - 

PSB0^OORAPHY. /. Falfo writfrnji^t^ 
PSfitTDOtOGV; /., t4K>>d*;'<#vl*,^<' 

• h^ of fpeech. ' " ' ^MBft* 
P^HAW. inifrj^ <Aa<ypre£londr'^iQei&f^ 

PTPSAK./. [«7««r«V] A.i^i^;JlS 
. made^of Barlqr <J^oat4 with ral^ iifci 

.^o8cc. " ' \: .: > .'^ ^;. caw. 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

u c 

^ UP 

PU'DDER. /. A tumult ; • tBrbu]«iit tad 

TolPU'DDER. -». n. [from the noon,] T<{ 
make a tuftiultj to make a bttl|le. Locke* 
To PUDDER. V. a. To perplex^ to da^urb. 


I. A toll-gatherer. H/^a^ttknu ix, 

s.^^ jnaa that keeps a houfe of general 

JjjWa&ihftit^ I 

PttKifCATlON. J» [from t^hiico, tatia.] 

/ir^he a^ of publifting j the ih of no* 

ti/y^g to the World ; divalgatxon. tioaier, 

jL, filition I the a^ of giving a book to the 

^pablick. Pope. 

PU'BLICK. a, [puhUque, Fr. pMicuh Lat.] 

i.^Beloi^iag to a ftate or nation $ not pri* 

vite. ' ' Htokett 

'it Open; notoriotitj generally known, 

. . Matthew^ 

* 5V Oeneriil } done i>y many. Milton, 

. ' 4. Ke^ardlng not private interefty, but th^ 

•* good'bf ihc community. Clarendon, 

c. Open for general entertainment. Addif, 

fCtJJliCK./. [from /«W/Vw, Latin, j 

1|%e ^general body of mankind, or of a 
or nation. uiddifim^ 

en View; general notice. ' Locke, 
LV. ad 

\ general notice. 

adl [from puhJick,'] 
In the name of the community. ^^T* 
Openly; without concealment. Bacon, 
rfCKN^SS. /. [from pMck.] 
Sut^ b£ belonging to the community. 

aJ.ttBliihcfs' ; ' Hato of Being generally 
' k'liMWi 6t publick. " , 

jtfJftlCKSPlRlTED. a, (fuNhksinifph 
^rif.T having "regard to the generil advan- 
"tage ab^Dve private good. Drydent 

ToPlT'BLISH. t^,a, ( *«i//>f, French. J 

I. To dilcover to mankind '^ to mak^e ge- pafte, 

nefally a nd openly known. 

2, To pW forth a book int6 the wotM, 
'"•^"^^ ^^ • • •• • D^£by, 

fVfBUSimL. /. rfrpm>«^/5^.J 
I i. p^i wlio riiakcs publick or generalfy 
^ktfoW^. J^UrBury, 

' ^ Jtil'^ne who puts out a book intp the worU, 

W)aaLjiGE^ /. [French,] A ftate of vir- 

PIfQC, "/ [perhapa the fime iyith pug^ 
'' SoineipHte among the fairl^s» cqmmon in 
' Viiftahcea. '^ ' Corbet^ 

W<i^AtLor^eWf,% AlflndofmuOi. 
"l^Vollof/ft/'' ^ 
J^ PtijiilSll^R;^ V. tf. Ta gather iiifd carm- 
". J^otei Xq contra^ in'ro folds or plications. 

5. Soaicthing to fprinklc p6*rder on the 
nair.^' .Ainfwortb* 

To Puff. «. «. [boffen^ Dutch,] 
r. 1*0 fwell the cheeks with wind* 
a» To blow with a quick blaft. $baiejpeare» 

3. To blow with !cornfuIncf$, ^- , SoufK 

4. T6 Vreathe thick andhard* V^JIrdnge, 

5. To 60 or move with hinry, tumour^ or 
tumuItuou9 agitation. . Birb^u 
6« To (well with thq wM, ' . Bwle* 

To PUFF. «.tf, ' 

J, To fwell as wUh wind. ,. . ^y», 

^ ». "to drive or agitate with blalls of wi/id. 


'3,. To drive with a bla(l of breath fcorn- 

"^fuily., ' ' ^ prydeu 

4, Td fwd! or Wow^up wlthpraifc. Jfftffon. 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 


f» U M 

PU(5H, iW^W. A word of comempt. 
PU'GIL./. [/«/ ii/e, FrcnchJ Wli,at istifcta 
iij) betnireen the thuifib a/id ^o firA fingers* 

PUGNA'CIOUS. a. [j»2J*3f, XaHo,] tn- 
clihiible to light i qusrn-enbmp ; fightibg.' 

HJGNAX;i1t*Y. /. lfe<fmfkign^, Latin.] 
Qtt^rreiroiDeiiers ; inclinatipn eo'6ght* *. 

i, Voung$ younger } later io tOne. i/Uen* 

%. Petty; IhcokfiA^ralitfei^ ixtoA. $tiktrp\ 

PUrSSANCE. y. (/f«f^^.lfr.] Powfer^ 

, [pufffktie, ftttxch,] Powers 

forcible. RaU'igh^ 

. tfrf, [fVbta^]JJ;<r.] Power- 


th j mi^itie ciufibi^ vomit. 

r. To fpcw.j td voimt, . 

IHj^tA. jf. ffromjei^^.J Medicine caulJng 

a vohiit. Garth. 

WLCHRtryDfe. /. IfuUbr'itiO^ Latin.j 

Beauty ; grace j^ handlomenels. :K&r^ 
1*0 PULE. •. «. .[/wi!r/«',Trcftch,] 

1. To ery like a chkken. Bifton* 

s. To whine; to cry; fo whimper. Loeke, 
PtJ^LICK. /. An herb. Atnftvortb, 

PULI'COSE. a*XfuIiatfus, Latfe.] Abound- 

Ing with fleas. 
PU'LIOL. /. An herb. 
To PULL. 4r. a, [pullian, Saxon.] 

X. Tt> draw violently towards one. 

Ben, yobnfon, 

a. To dr«W forcibly. Hajrzuard. 

3. Td pluek ; to gather^ Mortiintr. 

4. To tear; to rend. Lsmentationt iii. 2. 

5. ToPuLL^iowff. To fubvertj to de- 
ttiOiifli. HviveL 
ۥ To Pun down. To degrade, Kofcom, 
7. T0PVI.L up. To extirpate 5 to ^a- 
ditale. Licke. 

PDLL. /. [frqpa the verb.] The aft of pull- 
ing ; ^luck. Sbakefptare, 
tV*LhiXL,f, [from/^tf//.] Oae that pulls. 

longing t^ the lungs* * 
WLP. /. r ^{p^ Utin 5 ftr^, french-J 

I. Any iott mafs.. , . , Mik^ 

%, The^ fbft .part of ftiilr. ' JZ 

PC'LPPT. r. Jpulphum, Litin.] '. 

I. Apli()ftitifedonhi^>wheQBaltiea&er 

it. The higher deflc in the chniid^ .w(Kf» 

the Sermon is Dronounced. thy^tit* 

PITLPOUS. a. Ifrompuh,] SWb . Piifc 

PU'LPoySNESS. /. [from.^«^.| ;fij# 

«vality df being 5>ulpons. 
PCapy. a. [(tomfulp.] Soft J pap 

Pl^i;S A'TfiW. /. fPr. /^irxo, Lat.] 

aft of beating of moving with qnick it^ka 

againft any thing opposing* • -fUnmu 
PVLSATOR. /. ffrom^//^ tatiij*^ 

ihiker; a%catfcr, 
PULSE. /. Ifmifuf, Latin.}. 

X . The motion of any artery^a^ ^ ijlo^ip 

4nven through h by the heart, |jsi«f (til 

perceived b^ the touch. 

a. O/cHUtion^ vihratloiv \~ Na^lm 

3* To/e€ion^$1^^h6t. To try orluio# 

one's mind artftillf. 

4. [From^»//.] Lecunplootts plants. Afi^r. 
To PtJIlSE. «/. a. [m>m ebe nonn.] to 

beat as the pulfe. Xsu 

PUaSlON. /. [ftcfmpulfus, Lrtin.] Tbe 

aft of driving or of forcing forward : in 

oppofition to foftlon. Jfiic 

PU^LVERABLE. tf. [frcm^«fo«rif,Liriii.] 

Poffible to be reduced to duft. . Shit, 
PULVERIZ^A'TION. /. [from fuhmxt,] 

The aft of powdering ; reduftkio todtfft or 

To PU'LVERrZB. v. n. Ifnm pnhmt, 

Latin.] To reduce to powder | tordoee; 

fo duft. JMe* 

PU'LVERULENCE./. { p»ht^»kiiiU,Ui.] 

Dtfftinefs ; .abundanci of iluft. 
Ptt'LVIL. /. [puIvWum, l4ttin.] Sutd 

fcent9. Qn,' 

To PU^LVIL. V, a, ffrom th« noun.] Td 

fprinkle with perfumes in powder. Gmt* 
PU'MICE. /. A flag, or cinder of fame foA 

origniaUy bearing another form, and ofdy 

reduced to this ftate by the violent aftiM 

of fire I it is a lax and fpungy matter Ml 

of little pores and caviiiesi found in mifts 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

p tJ H 



*''•*■ •^*' Sbakejj^iare, 

T«P0J#.'^/I^. t><«*/Vff^ Du'tch."! to 
i|iaihp| to throw out water by a 

'I.tofuj'eoir Wow Ottt by tfntihi of a 

1 p^e 



wn up 
lea ^y 


iJ^tf ftanunt artfully by ily intBrropto* 

■»-'^ a^;4y» 

f^^<ftl /. '^^tioin fliikff,] fhe perfoh Or 

JWmftr^&ent that puihpt. JSwIe, 

rtWfi6w7/. ^ A phbt. ^ ilfi//^r. 

Fro. JC****AH "equivdcatioh 5 4 qOibble^ ah 

ejfereifion "Where -a Word his at once ^rtcr- 

^kSmi^ingi. Addtfin. 

l^y-VJN. "c;. II. [from die noun.] To quibble ; 

•'^o nfc-^'dic taWi %ir«ra at once !h different 

'^feliMSs. Dryden, Tattir^ 

t6^*VixCH. V. ^. [^otftf^nfieh, French.] 

•'•Td bore or f crforate by driving a fharp in* 

ftratnent. Pif^i/ima)j» 

tV^CH.r. [from thfe irerb.] 

'i'^^ '^intcfd Ib/lruiheht, which, Hriv^n 

'%)rlAot(r, pei^orates bodies. Moxon. 

2. Ajiquor made by mixing rpirit with 

"itiftt, iugar> aii'd the juice of lemons. 

%. The bofibon or harfequui of the puppit- 
Mw/' Can 

4. In ^e^ttidpt ftt ridicule, a Ihort ht 

ftf'kC^OV. /. Ifeiitfon, Frcrieh.] 
^i. Aa ihffanment driven fo as to make a 

hiAti or impreilion* Camden^ 

^. A thtifatt of liquids. 
FWIchER. /. [from punch.} An inftru- 
' fneMlhai diiike^ an imprelBon or hole. 
;= ' ^' '^'•'-^ Grevu. 

PUNitntTLlb. / A fmall nicety of behavi- 

Wy t mt point of exaftnefs. Mdifan. 

"^'iia^S. a. [fromjf>ttnaUh,} Ntcej 

•Qn£tual to fupermtion. Rogers,. 

-toUSNESS./. [from punaUious. 2 

Nicety ; exa£tnefs of behaviour. 
WiitTpi J. Iputtto, SpaniA.] 

^ Nice p(Hnt of ceremony. Bacon, 

■ ' ^^'^ "^ *** fencing. SBakefpeare, 

Plf^lGTCfAL. a, [^«wffu«/, French.] 

,i«'^Oitiiprifed in a point: conHfting in a 

'^VHiifftj mcc; pun^ious. Paf0». jitterb, 

jFUKCTUA'LTry. /. [from punffuaL] 

NIeett 5 fcrupulflflii «xa?Wcft, HetyrV. 

Nicely; exaftivt i 

feca^neft: nicety. 

Thc'aa or method 

prick 5 a hole ma 

To iPU'NCTtTtAtt 

Latih.] To maVk 

T^'mJLE. /. AAoi 
PITNGAR. /. Ipai 

1. Power of prickings Arhfhnjft^ 

%, Heat on the tongue ; acriancfs. 

3. Powtfr to pierce tht mihd. Batrimortd^ 

PU'mSHER» /. [from pumjk,'\ * Orfe who 
inflifts pains for a crime. ^ Mihon^ 

PU'NISHMENt. /. [/w«i^fl^/nf, French.! 

Any infli^Vioh impofe^ in vengeance of ^ 

crime, ^penfer, % Mac, vii, 36. Job^ xxxi. |, 

Dryden, Loch^ 

PUNI'TION. /. [pttnitiott, Freni^h ipunittop 
Latin.] Puniihment. ** 'Ainfivortb^ 

PlTNlTlVE.^tf. [fxompunh, Latrn.1 A- 
warding or inflidirig puniihment. *""&/»»:# 

PU'NITORY. a. [from pumo.X^iSn,] Pu* 
nifhing j tending to punifhment. 

PUKK. /, A whore j a common proftitu^e, 
Hudtbrds, Uryden^ 

PU'NSTER. /. [from /.«>.] A-guibbl^f^ 
A low wit wh6 endeavours at imputation by 
double meaning. j^rbuthnot, AddiJ^n.^ 

PU'NY. a, [puUn},Tttnzh,y . 
I, Young. 
». Inferior j petty ; of an under rate. " 

Stakefpeare, MiftoWt 

PU'NY. /. A yourg unexjwriehced unfpsi* 

To bring;^ 

foned wretch. 
To PUP, V, ». [from fypPyA 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



.^ortV Whelps s uM of a blflthbrli^iiig ; 

young. . 
FJLJ'PlL. /. lpuf>ma, Latin.] 

I*. The appU of the eye, Bacon^ Rfiy, Newt, 

. S. A ic^qiar ; ope undtr the care of a tu- 

^^x*-^"-— - falrfax, Locke. 

\t care of his • 

Drydttt, TickelU 

i/.] .. 

re, French j./«r- 
g to a pupii or 

;^«(/tfi, Latin*] 
by men in a- 

jnock <^rama ; a wooden tragedian, Po/f. 

* ». A wor^ of contempt, Shakefpeare, 

PU'PPETMAN. /. [puppet and wflfl.J Ma- 

fter of a puppet- fliow. ^v)ift, 

PU'PPETSHOW. /, [fuppetzxL^Jhew.] A- 

. mock drama perforihed by wooden images' 

move^ by wiipt . Swift. Mrbutbmt. 

. PfPFT. /. [poupie, French.] 

J. A wbclp ; progpny of a bitch. SbaLCay. 

^. -A! Jaame of ^dntemptuous rep reach to a 

. X9%n* iih$k6jpeart. 

To PU'PPY. V. 0. [from the novn.jy To 

' ' bring whelps. 

PURBLFND,. a. Nearfightedf.fliortrjg.bted. 
Sbakefpeare, Boyle, 
Pi/RBLl'NDNESS. /. [from ^urklinn.] 
- ' Shortnefi of fight. 

PURCHASABLE, tf. [from/«/'<:i&j/^.] That 

may be purchafed or bought. I^ch. 

To PURCHASE, v., a. [pcurchaffer, Fr.] 

1. To buy for a price. Sbakefp. Gen.xxv,. 
z. To obtain at any cxpence^ as. of labour 
or danger. Mi/ton. 
3; To ^xpiate or recoropenfe by a fine or 
forfeit. hhakejpfiare, 

PURCHASE.- / [pourcboi, old French.] 
r. Any thing boo^t or obuined for a 
price. ^ L9cke. 

2. Any thing of which (»ofleflion is taken. 

. Sixdtejlp^itre. 
PU'RCHASER. Jr. [from ptfrcha/e,} A 

buyer j one that g^vii any thing fpr a 

price." Bacon, South, Addijon, 

PURE. a. r/«r,/>wr*, French $f«';w»Lat.] 

J. Not filthy } not fiillied. Proverb;, xx%. 

z. Clear J not dirty ^ not muddy. Sidney. 

3. Unmingied} oot altered by inixturet j 
mere. Tfylor, 

4. tiot connected with any thing extrin- 
'- Jick, iViaim. fFatts. 

5. Free; clear. Philipu 

6. Free from guilt ; guilfleft 5 innocent* 

Prcverbs, xx, 9. Milton, 

7. Incorrupt ; not vitiated by any bad 
■ ^radiice or opinion. 'IhkelU 

ti. Not^ vitiated with corrupt, modes of 
3pcerl>, ^ , Ajchdm, 

9. Merc : as, a pure villain* Clanndon^ 

.10. phafte;.,moM.^ .. > .^^..-ft , . 
PU'RELY. ad, [from pure,\ ,.. ^, ,. 
I. In a pure manner} not drr^ily ;, ^4 
with mixture. 1 tt*iahj i. z^^ 

i. Innocently; withoq| guUti^ * , /. ^ 

3. Nfereljr. \Clari9dMi, 
PW'REKESS. /. [from'/^r.J 

i. Cie^nef) ; freedom, fronp eit^^eopttr 
foul admixtures. S'n^fief, TempTe, 

z. SimpUcityj cxempCqii i^rpm coropoil* 
.tioo. ^kigb, Dryden, 

^ Innocepce ; fireedom from gi^it. 

, ^, [ummon Prayer, 

4. Freedom from vitious mo^s of fpeech. 

■ AfchaMw 

PU'.RFJj^E. /. [p<,urJi//e,Fx^nip.j ; A fore 
of ancient trimming for wdmens gowns,. 
, Bailey. 

1 6 Ptr^FLE. V. a, Ifiurfiler, PifcKA j j>rtf- 

\ flare, ^^7Xl^fi,'\ To dccpcafe^with « wr»ugb^ 
or fiowered horder. Speniet^.' 

PU'RFLE. 7 /, [f^ufJiUe^til^XK^k'\ A. 

PU'RFLEW. 5 border of embf oidcry, j^ . . 

PURGA'yiON. /. [purgation^ French.! ' 
I. The al^ of cleanfing or purifying 7011I 
vitious mixtures. , ^prff* 

z* The ad of cleanfing' th« bodji; by dpwn« 
ward evacuation'. ^«(ff* 

3. The a^ of clea^ng from in^put^^ of. 
guilt, \ 

PlTRGATIV^. fl. \purgdt\f,V^^t\^\fttr' 

' gativui,'L»s\vk,'\ Cathartick; haVuj^th*- 
power to caufe evacuatio^sdfX^f ^^^'^ 

Bacon. Dortm^J^tJeman, 

PIJ'RGATORV. /. r/)«r^^^r/«iiatin.] 
A place in which fouls are fuppoied, JQf^e 
papifls to be purged by fire from cacnal im- 
purities, before they are received, into hea- 
ven. . StilHrgfeet, 

To PURGE, v. a, [/«JX^ Latip.J 

I. To cleanfe ; to clear. Bgcin* 

Z, . '^oxlearirom imparities* . Skgkefifeare* 
3. To clear from guilt. Sbakefp:i(tA^, 
4* To clear f romimputat ion oTgu^C^ 

. ' , , Sbakefpeare. ^itftf* 

5, To fweep or pot awray in^puritics. 

Decay of PiUty, 
6« To evacuate the bc^y by ^^^ C^mdm^ 
" , ' ,../•." / , ' 9^^^' 

7. To clarify J to defecate. ,. .^,^,y.| 

To PURGE. V. n. To have freauent ftwls. 

PURGE. /. [from the verb.] . ^jjajf^^lkk 
medicine; a medicine that evacuates the' 
bodyby^ooL SbakeJjft^aruiJiKLikM* 

PU'RGER. /.Tfrom purge.} . .1 ,\ ' 

' I. One who clears away ai^thfhgA9»<X''* 

*, 'iSfyikefpeare* 

z. Purge ;.cathartjck. Bacon, 

JPURIFlCA'ttON.r. Ipin/caiioB, French > 

1. The a^ of making pu^C.j. , i?*f** 
a. T4e a^ of deiAfing frOm guiltr fayliri 

3. A 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

^ U'R 

F U It 

/^. A rite pdtfbfmed by the Hebrews iftttr 
► chiltfhearingi . ■ ' - t . 

#U<RIFIfcATIVE. 7 a. {from , purify, 1 
^'HlFiCATQll Y^. i Having power or ten- 
dency ta make pure. 
-POTtlFlER. /. [from furtfy.'] Cjeanfer : 
reiner. ** Mah' 

^O'fflJfRJFY. «.4. [furifer^Vt, purifico, 

• ^t 'To spake pure/ 

t. to fMe frem any eKtraneom admnttire.. 
gurnet, Prydtn, 

3. TbMaktfc^r. ■ Snkiey» 

. 4« ^To frtt from guilt or corruption, 

Titus, S<ftitb. 

5. Tefreefrdra polhitipn> as by kftratitiii, 
' ' . •■ ' y^hn. 

^. To clear from barbarifma or improprie- 
ties, , . " St>ratf, 
To PUlilFy. V. n. To. grow pure. Burnet, 
WKIST. f. [^irrr^f, French.] Onefrpflr- 

ftitioolly' nice %m tne uiiB^ of wotds. • ^ 

.PV'RITAN. /. [from /»»r«.] A fc^ary 

oretfen4ing >to enibent innbkj of rcli^on . 

■. ^ ^'*- '\ -^ . ISanderfon. 

fURlTA'NiCAL. a. [from ^ftin.]*^Re. 

lading to poritant. fValton, 

PU^KITANJSM. /. Ifrom'/.»riw«.] The 
- notioiis of a puritan. tf^ahon, 

PU'RITY. f. [purit/, ¥r, purUas, La«ln.] 

]» Cleanneff^ freedom frotfi foulnefs or 
. *it..- •' . Prior, *fbomfon, 

. 9. T.ree^fom fit>m guilt; innoce](ce. ' ffiiie, 
■i 3. piaftity 5 freedom from contamin^ion 

of (iexes. SJbakeffiarc, 

fVKLi /. ffrom /nrr/r.] 

I'. An ^br^ered and puckered border. 

Sidney, Bhcon, 

%• A kind of medicated malt liquor, in 

which wormwood and aromaticks aTet in« 
. fiifed. 
To PURL. V*. IT, To murmur I to flow with 

a gentie! Boifis. Bacon. Milton, 

To BURI.; ^ V. A. Ta decorate with fringe 

or embroideiiy. Ben, Johnfon,^ 

. WRUEU. J, The groundi on the boWera 

of'afovefti border; ludjoiuie. • 

'Skakefpeure, Speffapr, 
f ITRLINS. /• In architected thofo pkces 

of timber that lie acrofs the rafters on the 

• iofide, to-keepth^m Ax^m finking ih*the 
middle. Bai/ty, 

To PURliOl'Ni V, a. Ta Aesd 5 to take by 

tbeft* Mi/ton, Demham, 

PURLOraER,/ frrom^«#'/i;ii.].At%iefj 

> one that fteals clandeftinely. VEJirahge, 

I^U'RPARTY. /. lf<mr und parti, Freneh.] 

Shjtfe 'y part in divifion. Dalies, 

PURPLE, a. [p^rpre, tupurpureus^ Lat.] 

•' I. R^dvtin^tured with blue. 

. . . Shakefpeare. iPatton, 

• ^t In poetry, red, Drydtn* 

To PU^RPLE. V. a, [furppro, latin.] To 

make red) to colour with purple. 

Donne, Milton^ , 
PVRPLES. /. [without a fingufar.]' Spoti . 

of a Hvid red, which break out in malic* 

nant fevert 5 a purple fever. " ' ' 

PU'RPLKH. a, [fium/«'^/r.] Somewhat 

purple. " ' B^ie^ 

PURPORT. /. [fottrporte, Tfew^.] Si- 

iign; tendenCf of a writing or difrourfe, 

•To PU'ftPORT. V, /f. {firom the npun.J 

To intend; to tend td fliow. Bacon, Rowe, 
PU'RPOSE. /. [propos, fupropofifum, Lat.] 

I. Inrention 3 defign. Sbakefteare, KnoUis, 
" %. Efleft; confequtfMt. Coiiter, Baker. 
" • 3* Inftance; example. IJ'Bfiranfe, 

To PU'RPOSE. 1/. J. [from the noun.] 

To intend ; to delign 3 to reiblve. 

Booker, Prior, . 
PU'RPOSELY.' <i. [ffom^«;^/f.}«yde. 

fign ; by inteption. Booker, Prior* 

PU'RPRISE./. [pourprn,oH¥r:purprifim, 

law Latin.] A dofe or indofure ; as allb 

the whole compafs of a manovr. Bacon. 
PURR./. A lira lark. ^ j^nfwortff. 

To PURR. V, a. To murmur as a cat or 

ftopard in pleafure. 
PURSE. /. [hourfe, ft, pwrs, Welfti.] A 

fmall bag in which money is contained.. 

$hakeg>eare', ^nolles, Addijorim 
To PURSE. 'o,a, [from the noun.] ^ 

I. To put into a purfe. ' Dryden. 

%, To contr^ft as a'pfujrfe.' * Shakej'pe^e, 
PU'RSENET. /. [<>tfr/*and«/.] A net 

of \vhich the mouth is drawn together by 

a ri ng . Mortrmer^ 

PU^SEPROUP, a. [purfeznd proud,] Puff- 

ed up with' money. ' 

PU'RSER. /. [from turfe.l The paymafter 

of a fliip. 
PU'RSiNESS. 7 /. [from pmrfy.'^ Short- 
fiCTRSIVENESS. J ncfs of breath. 
PU'RSLAIN. /. [/orr«/«fii, Lat]'Aplant. 

PURSU'ABLE. 4r. [itom furfut.] What 

may be purfued. 
PUReU'ANCE. /. {fr<MB^tfr>f.] pTofecy- 

tion ) procefs. » * 

PURSU'ANT. a, [from purfued] Done in 

confequence or proiecution of any thing. 
ToPURSU/E. v,a, [pourfii'are, Fre^iVh.] 

1. To diafej tofoHow in boftiUty. 


2. To prpfecute. Proverbs^ 

3. To imitate j to follow as an example. 


4. To endeavour to attain. • PHor» 
To PURSU'E. V, n. To go on 5 to proceed, 


PURSU'ER. /. [from f«r/f^c] One ^ ho 

r follows in hoftility. , Aii^* Denba^* 

SV.% PV&» 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

f ut 

' 7. To importune I to tea^rc. 


pUr* lA «r|)]fi4 pi9t iriHTlfh|it#imj||||j| 

Cowardice ). 

foulrar<3. V 

]p^^ILLA'NlMQl;S, #. [j-igSS|ifl»^ ^.] 

PUSUXA^lMOUSNfSSv /: £fromj^ 
i^fmmuul , Mc^ehm(« of. ^inu 

I. The ioAdliog Bamft^^f %€«^ 

" ' ^£^tifHifftn. nS§itt% 

%^ Thfi iffortrmaM's term for » iim« Gm. 

A finall fwcUiflg | a pimple j a puA ; an 

eiBorti^ce, ; .j§^Mki9e. 

FV'STULOUS. 41. [from/irMJ ^^ ^ 

pol|ula.$,|NmpJy«. . . .% 

T<?PUT»v^4. ' ..; ^. 

I. T<^layori!ppofi(ij|«ii)!,place« , ? 

u To place la any, fitiiation, , . ; «i 

3. To pli^iA Yiy}ftati^«r«Mi^^i^|Qh, -^ 

4. Ti^sfpafew % iS9£t^ jRCki^i^ 

,5. Totnift; t^giTfiop, i ffifAf. 

i. To «xpo<e; «o Applj 4a\afly |]|iiif^ 

.7. To phA Into aaion. . ^^^ Smfi, 

^ Tou^ean)^oiib)r.whicht]iepla^or 
ftate of. ajjy thing ^s chao§B4. v ^«^ • V • 

^baktfptart, Tiyior^ Wik^ 

nI^jw 1*0 comprifc J to confign to writing. 

l^Tt>,*id. Meek 

*!• Tq pjjice jj|,a reekoning, . ^^ ZmAc, 
If. Tqreski^ to any Hate. Sh^t^itH, 
IS. T4>,obljgri,to urg?,. i Jlir«% Jlavk. 
S$. Topffo^(ej toilatfu cOr* m^ 
17* To^vrof toJVguhjtA. T 

. l3> To ficacl^ to a^ot^. . v U> 

19* l^o. biajig into aoy i^t« ofrmiad or 
, ^temper. , XnoUes. Oarm^ian. locia 
»«t '^o<^l to adwAce. . . ^ 

14« . T9 wite s ta. placi\^M an ingnedint* 

^ %u^ 9gi P|itJ^. To turn 06C; M.<liidau 

^a.T'^T^y* 7V»«MftaAi«rt :): ' 

tog-uA,. * . . > - . 4MJM»'v. 
«5e> ^« P VT ifftw. T^ 4<9a4r- . r 

^ A|6* 7« P^T 4nvff»i Tairing inip dif«fc* 

d;. T« Put i^wff, - Toco«Aiti..^lMiit>'. 

I / 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


J5 . T# I* V «r i« frttaku ' I'd iilil^ ^ t^ ex- 

35. 9« Put «^. To defoit^ 9i! <i^ ^th 
. m^ artifice 9^ ex<Uib> Miicq9» BtfU, 
-»5il^7oPwT fl^. To delay; tp defer; to 
<ifiac«iilhia«e: ".' iW^^. 

.»•» /' Bogerst 

^ •^- ffir^P v,T 0^ T^. di todi. ^J^Jkfpfan. 

^'^^ft§ P u«n $*• To le^iMttiMnd ; to vend 

w obtrude. Bufm* StoiJL 

4o. TaPviT 00 or M/M. ^ iwpwtft; to 

OT ck>tlie« or covering* ' Sberkejfeare, 

A%* iTe PvT o«. To forwrivd: to pro- 
. t0^M'1>»><)4te« Spahiffieart, 

<> 49i' V» Ihr T a»'« ^r^^iMr To. wi]M>ie ;- to 

^*AF^T<«p».: 1P»i^Bfl|lt;,tOtftice. 

^bMptar^ Xhyden. 

To.ptocc U iiiicy. 

To.tQUlE> at a plants 

To extend ; to protrude^ 


To eipel ; to drive from. 

To nifee^^tilAiek. ' 

torydtn. AiUf^iu 

To diiconcert. J^^o/^ 

' ii' *^^ ^^ T <*• To kili fcy 5 to puniih by, 

' '54* T>^ PvT /<> If. To diftrefs ; to per- ' 
plex ; to prefr. haMf Drydem, Addifi/t, 
VJSi»^ P^ ^ /^i To. afllft with. 
...^ . 1 ;. .,- . ^ t - Sifhty, JCttoHes. 
'^^'S^ % Pot /o <i!M#/&. To kill. 
.i-:vii..->- ,r, „ ,' Bdfoii.' Hayward* 
<*^ 7Vll^<fr tcgethr. To accumulate into 
Aho fiidK>lM <iWtft»' ^ - - *' T r • ^ Burtitt, 
' ^ j#*"^«r.Pfrt «/>. To pa6 unrevenjged. 
• '^y J/ ,3Sbc * ^^I^I^Brii, Boyle. 
$9, ?VPuT tf/. To. en}it^tocau/eto]^r- 
6o. ^ itu T 1^. To expofe pubKckty. 
' ••fk'9V«P#4 *ri. To hoard, Sfelman, 

"45. T»PuT.< 
4ii Tc^P^&T «Mr« 

• -t . 

'48I STdbPlJT «t/^ 
'4). 9« Put OKI, 
joii 7«PoT«»#. 

^ ..V ^ ... 

51. To Pu T ««#. 

l4- ^i^ 

PUT. /. [from tbeTefk} 

V. AA afUoB ol diftre& X*l^^« 

it. A rttiKckr; a clown. ir^tfi^ 

3> Pirir 0^ BxcuA^f Mh Z'I^jWm* 

Pi^TAGC. f, [fmain^VrtncK\ UUw* 
peomtM^i^n on. the womWt part. 

PI^ANISM. /. [/«/^>i*, Pieiich^/l-lfte 
manner o^. iMjei or trade of » proffitlite. 

' . /' ■ Jfia. 

.WPTATIV2, ir. Xp^^^^lfy f*» Mmfuto^ 
Latin.] Suppofed ; reputed. J^tijk. 

PU^ID. a. IfMtidus, Latin. j Mean^ lojlrs ' 
woythll eis. ' " • * . 

PCniDNESS./. [from /«/;</.] Me4ime6| 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 



,1 lug rottfo* ■ ^ Arbutbn^* 

PU'TKiD* s.SfMtrldfj Ff, jUtfTMfttt, Ut.] 
. Kotten i corrupt. HTaUer, 

. futvid (tvefw that kind of fevers in iNifaicii 

the homoun» or p%rt of tbem^ havt ib Uttle 
, .ip}rfMl4tPK|inotilon, that they fall into an 

IntdUne ant, and futrtfy,. wluck is com- 
. UMiply the ca& after gifat oracuauonsr great 
. or exccjpilTe h«t, ^ 0uiMC9, 

|(UTIUDN£SS./. [from^^ini^] Rotten- 

nefi, F%«r, 

jPVTTjaR./.. [from^itf.j, . T 

. X* .Oj^,.who^t8. VEfrmngt. 

' »» PVTT<<^^« Inciter f bftigator. - 

. - Bbahfpeare, 
JPV'TT^GSTONE./. In (bme parta of 

S«pduid^ 'fi^tnes ara'laidfat the ^tes of 
jtreatWres, which they call />»//i>^/0ii«f, 

tor tria^U of ftrength. Bote, 

Jy/TTOCK./. [dcriv«rf,byiM/«>«p,from 
. il^fti ffttvi, J Abucaard.r 

Sbakefpear*^ Ptacbam, 

^ A l^nd of i^o^der on which glais is 

jround,, Nenton, 

a, A kind of cement wfed by ^ieii. 
^of\i'Zt\.t, t/. fi. [i^pofiki ftojapofe, 

^kjnper,} To perplex ;. to . confoond } to 
• cmbatr^isf to ^ocangle,. 

. , SJbaig/petre, CUwatdon, 

;ToPU'^2L1E. V. m. To be b^wildeitd in 

pn^'s ovro qptions p Xahit aukward. ' . 

, , . VEjhangu 

W^ZZyS. /, {from the verb.J Bmbarraff- 

Bient; perplexity. Ba^, 

,J?V%^h^K.f, [(tonipuMKle,} .He who 


9Y'GMSAH. #. [fron/%«y.] fido^ 
. toaptgny. ' ^ W*».. 

PY'OMy./ lpgm/e,,yfu:tf'.y A 
- dwarf) one of a nation fabled to oe only 

three fpans high, and after loog.warf to 
.' have been deftroyed by craneji. Mtntty. 
PYLCRUS. /. [«n;M»^.3 Thelpwer^ 

fice of Che ftomach. 
PY'POWDER. See Pie?qwd»r. 
PY'RAMID. jT. {fyramUk,¥f. 
• In geometry, is a lolid figure, whofe 1 

a polygon, and whoTe fidei are plain tri* 

angles, their feveral punts meetbg in doe. 
». . .. . • Hari^ 

PYRA'MIDAL. 7 a. [Mn fyntrn'tfiA 
PYR AMI'DICAL. J tfaring the forqi of 
. a pyramid. Loeke, 

PYRAMI'DICALLy. aJ. [from/>jw«Bi^- 

ra/.] In form of a pyramids Brome. 
PY'RAMIS./. A pyramid. Baauu 

PYRE./. [fyr^> I^tin.] A pile to be burnt, 

PYRIHTES./. [frora«rwf.l^Fircftone^^^ 

J^Y'ROMANCY./. ['m^/uMm.} Divins- 
tion by iire. - * (4^^ 

PyROTE'CHNICAL. 0. [fymtchnijmufu 
homfyrotKbnkkt,] llopgtd otmau'ia 
. firaworkstf ' ' \ 

PYROTEfCHNICRS, /. [wv( and rs^.] 
. The art of employbg fire to uk or pkSf 
. furo^ the art of iirewmrks. ^ 

PYROTE'CHNV. Jl [fyt^ecbnu,TteB^*] 
, The art of managing fire, - Bale, 

VY'KKiiOmSM. f^ ifttmk Pynk*'] S«p- 

ticifflfti Vfliyerfal doubt* 
PYX. y; Ifyxis^Ui^n.} The boK m wbkh 
. t^ ^oma^f keep the ho|^ 


from the 
yhlch, the 

cp : the 
cucf from 


Ig loudly J 


I. A bo^^fil pretpader Co art* which ht 
'itoesnptiind^rftand. Fdmt 

n.' A vain boallfu) oretender to phyfick) 
.one who proclaims his own medical abili- 

t'l&i in publick placfs. Mtih* 

|. An artftU Peking praditioner in {uy* 

Uck Jliif. 

OyA'CKERY./. rfrom^iuKi.] Meaa or 
bad t&jt in phy/ick^ 

QJfA'CkSALVER. f. , [pafk^n^Uvt.l 

One who brags of medicines or (alyfs; a 

pedi^after J f cjjarlfitan* ... Uf*^* 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 


ingtolcnt, '*'''Sanili^fi, 

<l^s:t»^,J' 'A ftuMc i a fcrRce witli fSiir 
^' Am afl^es.- ' > - - . ffotoJ 

Kl&AmLA'NCVhAIL.'a: rmia6¥a2irahg7eA 
^^iffif,-fiaViiigfoifrrigfitaji^. ' 

Q^AVRAUT.f. TaaaJrani,lAi\n.} / / 
JY.' 'The fourth part j the '^tarter* Brcrom, 
^T, The Quartet bT a clrfcle* Ho/i/Ifr. 

4. An ia/bruiraeiit with' whkh laiiitudes are 

'mnr'' '''*'' • . G^y. 

bltA^XAL. if. [from qitadrant,'^ In- 
""** ih tlic fburtb part' of a circle. ' ~ ' 
"' • ' * ' '• " ' r>erb'Jhi. 

^OJl^RATE. <r. [fuaJratvsj, Latin.} 
nC^^uai;^ I having four equal and parallel 

^^•. . J. i 

',J» Divinblc into four equal parts. *^ * " 

^ "p^Jfli/rtfw, -Latin*] Suited; applicable; 

^JWDk ATE. /. A fqbare j a furfacc with 

' four'e«|U'aI AAA parallel fides« Spenfir, 

tV-WA'DRATE. y, «, l^uadrp, Latin ^^ 

'"'ifeiWiriTf.t To nrit: lo be accommort. 

JjilSff' -^ •'^' • •'^' • ^ai/f/i,«. 

QJJA'DRATICK* tf, Toipr/atiai*i beloni.^ 

nSietO ft /qiish-e: • • * X>;^^ 

^'i?DliATlCK equattenst Shch as fttain, 

;0n the unknown fide, thfrf^iiafdW the root, 

' 'ipTO number fought. Barrlk,' 

mjADR A'TURi. /. [^#ji<^tf//<rtf^ French.] 

ji.. The i^' of fquaring." ^ ' ' ^flf/t. 

' 2,"The firft and laft quarter' of the moon. 

*^*^' ' • ' ■ ' £or*r. 

' \, The ftate of being fqaarc | « quadrate ; 

a fquare. Milton * 

QtTADRE'NNIAL. a, [quadHnmittm^ Lat.] 

•j^, jComprifingfour:years. , 

<* t '^pipfnlng once in fWir y^*rt. 

ilJUA^DRIBLE. a, [from ;x/tf^rO| latin.] 

Ttiat mav be fquared. Derham, 

QUA'DRIFID, a. yuaJrtfidls^Lit,} Cloveji 



into four diviHons. 


<JJADklLA'TERAL. a. [quatuor, 
' iatus, Latin.] Having four fides. 

' ' Woodward, 

^IJJADRILA'TERALNtSS. /. [jfrom qua- 
driJaieralA The property of fJa? ing fouf 
'' rlghniiiedfi^es. • ' Dia. 

^A^DRILLE. /. A gaitie at cards. 
; WA^D&IN. /. \quSdrinus, Lat.l , A mite ; 
' ^afi^U piece of money, iii value about a 
" 'ift^ftiing. , Bailey, 

3MICAL. ' 'ii.'^ {qtiahor and 

J, Latin.] Coniifting of four denomi- 

f WA'PRIPARTITE. a. UuHmrui^ par- 
'" ttMrtntti,} HaviM^fduf i^arlsj divithfd 
' loio loiir Jifes.' 

. :»^ -i. V • . ■ , . '. . .^. 

To QtTA'FFER. To feeloot. Derbam, 
QVAfGGY. a. Boggy 5 foftj notfolid. 
QUA'GMIRB. /. [that is, ^MA«»ir« J A 

fhalcing marfh. Mort, 

QUAID, part, Cruflied j dcjcacd | de- 

prcflTed. , Spttfofm, 

QUAIL. /. {quagVta, Italian.] A, bird of 

game. Ray., 

OyA'lLPlP'E. /. [ywiYand/)/^*.] Apipe 

with which fowlers allure quails, ^MUfium^ 
To QUAIL. T/. n^ Iquelek, Dutch.] To lan- 

guim i to fink into dejection. 

JiJtollet* . Herbertm 
To QUAIL. V. a, [cpellan, Swon.l To 

cru^; to quell. DanleU 

QUAINT, tf. [w»/,t!;rench. J C 

^ I. Nice 5 fcrupulbufly j minutely 5 Juofr- 

* fiuoufly exa£t. * Sidney. 
a. Subtle'j artful.* ObAilcte. Cbaucfr. 

3. Neat" J pretty; txn^, ' ^ Sbaie/peare. 

4. Subtly excogitated ; finefpun. \mUton* 

5. AffcOed i foppidi. . ' . . , Swift. 
QUAl'l^tLYV ad. [frohi Wn(J 

• I. Nicely^ cfJ^vi ^^^t^ ^^W deganccr 

;' * . /^titpjob^on., 

. '*. Ak> 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



<^ArwTWS5./ fftwm yif<i>if.] Nicttyj 
petty d^Mfce* 7(7^. 

S, To ftake with cold or ^r j to t)'e)nt)le.. 

S« Ta&akes libt t6 be iblia <* thn. 

a tremvlhwi agicilioD. Su'^la^. 

qUA'KINtS.CRA^S. / Asli^b. 
*AtlFICAtlON. /. l^uaigiaUith, U. 

t. nait fihrdi tttkcs Iny peribn or thing 
fit for any *thin|. $'t¥ift. . 

S. At(toin|lliilttteirt. JltUrhurf. 

\. AWtatfeitts 4imhititM)ii« Htf/rij^. 
76 WAXIFT. V. tf. tf«^^/^» Ftendi.] 

i.^o fit Ibr thy thing. Swtfi.' 

- a* Tofiitsiifii with ^nalificattons J to'ac«. 

iComplA. ^bahjjfiare,' 

3. Til nakic caiaMe of atiy dofl^xiatjat 

Tor privilege. 
' 4, Td «b«te ; ^ fdfteh I \o iimioift. 

fi. To lAodf^ I td r^^ate. jSrouAr. 

>«rAaiTY. / \iiuditiix, Latto,! 

*t« Hatnrf rdttively coi^idfered. ^00^. 

9. Property i acci<kj]t Skiiik^> tIMliy. 

^. t>itrdc(iiar tffik:acy» Shiti^eare, 

f . 0iipdfiti<m $ t^s^. SMe^eafe. 

* 5. Vhttf^orvkc. JDrydetu, 

fi. AccOfApIiAlMiit; qitidlfie^ttoih.lCiWtor;^. 

n. ChartSier. ildros* 

I, Coihpiratlvb or relative Vank, 'i^mpk. 

9» Rank J fuperiority of torth or fhition. 

. Shaif^are. 
to# Fcrfoiteftf hif^ rank. Pof^. 

' «f ficknefs j a fudden (iuaure t]f ^ekly Ikn- 

guor. i)imne. Ttofckkm$n.'&am. 

QUA^^LMJSH. n. {from fualm^l SeTied wilk 

Tidily la*gu^. Vryden. 

QjrA'NDARy. /. [qu'en dirmjh French, 

Skittke ^J A doubt j a diMcuTiy. 
QtJAIfTrnVl, tf. [y«<wihVfxrw,Lat.] Elli. 

maUe a^eeordlng to quantity. Dtgiy, 

(gJA'NTITV, ^ Ifuanfii/, Fr. fkawtltis, 

t« thst ^yojfetty of iiny thing which may 
be eUcreafed or diminiihed. Cbeyne. 

9* Anr indeterminate weight 6r meafurc. 

3. fiuUe or weight. Dfyien, 

4. A portion} apaK. SMeJj^eare, 
' 5. A large'pdrtion. ^butbriou 

6. The meaitire of dnfe in pronouncing a 

iyUable. milr. 

^jfNWM./. [Latin.] The quantity | 

the amoant. Swift* 

t^A'RANTAW.l /. Xquafmaain^ n.j 
^TA'RANTINE. J The fpacc of forty 

dayi, being the time which a ibipi fufpe^cd 

' of inr^idh,4s dfiUgfca^d n^bMthimioi^' 

Of A>R!REL. /. r#iM»r</^;t-itoeh.] 
)• Abrawlj a pNtyilight } aicoHl!^ 

t, A difpute : aeontcft. Hooktr^ 

)• 'A caiitV of debate.' fluirfgr, 

4. Someth'tng that giVes a¥!^\ \d fi^icbW' 

o^rfeprif^ j;<M«^ 

(• Otj^albn^ ill wiR: . tektti 

fi. In SbVkefpeart^ it t^lns to t^^ Af 
one peevifli or ^^kiou^. 
7. l^a^eila, ItaKan.] Ah arKi# widii 
iouare head. . jftw j W 

Td WA'lllllBt. V. <». b«<»'«/<f'j te«nai.J 

1. To debab j to fcoSe j to i^daMe. ' 

• s. 'kV) falliAtd variajK^ 
^. Tbfigh%$ to combat. 
4* To find fault : to pick objeaiooar ^ 

Q^A^RtL^. J, {fromf««rr«/:j JkwM 

* quarrels. 

qpAOlRELOUS. a. {auareHntx^ ^'••M 
i^etyJaht} Saftly provoked to endiiW. . 

^A'KKtWOMfL. i. rftoA *i»tfrrJ5ft-^ 

dined to brawls } bality irriuted; irral3n^| 

c1)blerick| petulant. Ba(99. L'£lrMC» 

(^A'RREt^kltLV; sd. \JHUD pisrrif* 

'JomeA In a quarrelfome 4nana^| ptiS^ 

\ lantly ; cholerickly. 

(j^A'kkl^SOMCKBSS. /. ]^ ^Mr^ 
' yi#wJ[Cbolcrickncls J peti^aace. ^ 

QUA'lfRT. /. [fuafr/f Fi«hch J 

i. A fquare. IHUHH^* 

2. r^ddreau,tT,2 An arrow with aifi)4ire 
.head. » S^mdtt, 

3. Caxne'flbwn aft by a ^awk. ^S mif t t 

4. A fione nine 5 a place -wbeMi Q^y &. 

To QUA'RR Y, v. n, {from the poun.) TTo 
r prey upon. Vtj^r^i*. 

QUA^RRyMA^./. [^/f«i^'anaiii4MJ XHi^ 
who digs, in a quarry. l^>cJi(Me^^ 

QpART* /. X'ptft, French.] 

I. The ^rtfi part | a quairteo $feAr^ 
i. The Tob^h part *^aja1loB. iSM&fe 

5. [^mrrfff Freodi.J llie VelicI tn wl£h 
ihohg dnnk is^oBisnooly Mtailed* Sh^hfkj 

QU A'RTil&f, /. t/^^r/ifj^r/4i«i. latwj 
The fourth day agfjie. Brown: CUmMUiL 

quaRta'TION. Si V^^ f^^^h ir«^l 

A chymical operation. •-* *- 

QJJA^TER. /. [fuart, fttdrtief, ft* 

I. A fourth part. J. 

s. A region of the ikies, aafefoifd to l^e 
feaman^s card. ' Adf\f^» 

]. A particular region of i town ^ cimui« 
try. ^^ 

4. The place where foidicn are lo^e^ t^ 
ftationM. S^mtfr* 

5. Prefer ftation. Mimp 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

<^ A 


^. iPLenn^n of life ; mercy igrinted by si 
^oque^or.. ' / Clarendon* 

g. Tr.«axiDent ibowirby an eiiemy . CoUkr, 
%• Ffiend/bip j amity $ coBCord. SSakefp, 
9* A mearureof leigfafbuiheis; M^itfier, 
ao, Fjilfe quarter is a defe or chink in a 
^^/W#r<^ahDire'»lioQf fix>it) top to bottoms 

t9 QUAIcTER. v. tf, [from the noon} 

t. To divide into foor parts. Sbakifp* 

yit ^<^ divide 5 to b^al^by force* SBakejp, 
'3. To divide into diftin^ regions. Dryden, 
; 4« To^^tioB^r lodge foldiers. Dryden, 
5^ 1^ lodge I to ^Jc oh a temporary dwel- 
. liog* - « , 'Sbi^ejpearei 

6. ^diet. , . • • Httdibras, 

% Ts( bpar as an appendage to the heredi- 
tary' a^^is. Teacbcm* 

tJg;A/kg''ERAGE* /k [from fuafter.l^ A 
qua rterly^ allowance. BuMbras* 

t^iP^TERDAY. /. Ifuar/er and «/tfy.] 
Pl»^>ttf|the fyur d«y8 U) the yelir, oil which 
rent or intereft is paid. ' Addijon* 

^"Th^ Cbort upper d«ck, 
^AR'TERLY. 1?. [from quariu,\ Con- 
t^nfhg a fourtk partk Holder. 

tHJA'KtirEi^LYk a/. Ondfe in a quarter of 
'^i^ year. ... 

iCjyV/^TEkMASTER./. [qimttkr 7^6^/" 

fUrA O^^'who Sfgqlatcs $hc quarters of 

toldiem ' tatlir, 

^A'JlTYRKi /. A £iit xirthe ftfufth part 

of A pint.' 
QUA'RTERSTAFF./* A ftaflf of defence. 

. ,.,,n' ^ D^den. 

Q|7A^T4W*/- Att ^fpeft.Af the^^lahet«, 

n^i^i^ihcY are three iigns or nitatsty degrees 

^^M, fiion.each ptfa^. Harrif, 

Xij^^S^yO^fi Ifttartfts, Latin.] Abobk in 

V^M(;b.«3|cry iheetf being twice double^, 

|MkeaHrl^v«8. fi^i^ts. 

To QUAS^Hi V* a. [quaffed, Dutch.] 

i^Trtp ouOi I to ^oeese. fKuBer. 

a.^.T^ 6ibdue fu'ddenly. . Rtfdamriion, 

3. To annul $ to nullify ^ to n^ake 4oid.> 

To ^4$H. V. n. To be fliikeh witha rioifc. 

QVA$Hf U ' ^ pwrtpion. . Ainftvbnb, 

mXATERCQUSINS. Fiicad«. Skinnpr, 

OTAT^JfR^ARY./, Iquatemarwii Latin.] 
TTJ^cwmberfour*. . Bayk, 

tQU^TB'RNIQN. /. Iqitaterifh, Lalift.] 
^r^cyxuniber four. • Hold&. 

(CgJ^T^NITY./. [j«tf/tfr«nj,LAtln.] The 
nun^rfour. Brown, 

t^A'TRAIN./i [quatrain, Fr.] -A flanaa 
of foiM" liacs rhyming alternately. 

To QUA'VER. w. «. [cpavao> Saxon. J 
», T9 ibake the voice 5 to fpeak ot ling 
with a tremulous voice. Bacon, 

». Tb tremble ; to vibrate, Newton, 

IjJJAY./. [y«<?;, French.] A key; an arti- 
ficial bank to tbt f^a or river. 
Vol. «. 

QinSAM. /; rb>6an; Saxon.] A vortblfji 

w0man, general Ijr a ftrunj pet. . Drydeiu 
OyEA'SlNESS./. [from y«r*7fr.J'TheTuik. ' 

ncfs of a natftcated ftomach. 
Qim'ASY. £j. I 

t. Sick with 

ft. Faftidiotu 

3. CaufingBs 

QdEEN.'/i [e 



OyEER. a. ( 

ticular. ' 
QUE^RLY. tf. 

ty; oddty. ' ^ 

QUEE'RNESS./. [from gueer^^ Dddhefi ) 

QjjE^Srr./. [fi 

A ringdove ; s 
To Q^LL. V. 

crufli J to fubti 

To OT£LL. ir/ 1 

queSl^ /. [fi 


crufhei or fbod 

a kickfhaw. ' 
To QUE ME. V; /». iv ^Mi«ict 
To^^ENGH. V. <t. , 

I . To ?jctinguifli fi re. ' ^ " . ' ^i^fMfk 

a. To mff any pstflion dr ccJAittiotron. ^ 

' ■ Shahfp^re, 

J. To alla^-thirff. , ^W/^b 

'4»Tddeftn)y; \i)avtes. 

To QUENCH, V. «. To coiplj ";^o grovr 

.cool. ' S^aiefjbeare^ 

' QUE'NCHAfiLE: a. [from ^w^^ ] Thaj 

may be tjuenched. ' ' 
QUE'NCHER. /. [from quench}^ E^On- 

QUE'NpHLESS. tf. [from quenck,X V^«x- 

tiri'gtilfhabrei * * ' " Crajkayr* 

QyEltELE. /. [querela, Ut\jHereIe,:Fr,J 

A cofnplafrit tO'a court. ' ' Miffe, 

QIFE^RENT./. [querem,tz^m,;j; fhe^com. 

plairiant • 'the plaintifr, "' ^ 

QUBRIMO'NIOUS. ad. [qu'en^maa tat.] 

<^erulousj complaining. 
QUfiRlMO'NIOUSLY. ad. [fr<j9> '^erimo^ 

/7«>«j,]'Queri!»loaflyj 1?vkh ■comJ)l;|inf^\ 

■ ■ f^JDe^bi^^ 
QUERIMO'NTOUISNESS./. [trom ^«Vr;>o- 

nious.l Complaining temper, 
QUE'RlST. /♦•[from ^w^fro, LatJ ' An 

enquirer 5 an afkcrof qut (lions. S'wift^ 
I F Ql^^N. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



Q.UERN./. [q>eo|w>> Swon,] A handmirt* 

•QUE^RPO. /. [corrupted from cuerpo, 
*' Spinifh.j A drcfs clofc to the body ; a 

waiflcoat. Dry den, 

QUE'RRy. for equerry, /. [ecuyer, Fr.] A 

groom l>elonging to a prii'.ce, or one *con- 
•* verfaut ;n the Icing's ftables, ^ Eaiky, 
QUK'RUtOUS. tf. \ffuerului^ Lat.] Mouxji-, 

frig ; ■ habitually complaining. HcnutL 

^QUE^RULaUSNESS. /. [fr«m querulou^ 
^ Huhit or quality of complaining mourn- 

* futly. 

QUE'RV. /. [from quare, Lat.] A qucf- 

tion J an enquiry to be refolved. -Newton, 

To QUERY. V. ». [frpm the noun.] To 

* aflc queftions. . Pope, 
QUCST. /. [quefte, Fr.] 

X. Search J a^ of feeklng. Sbakefpeare, 

2. An empanelled jury. Shakejpeare, 
' ' 3 ; Searchers. -CoUe^vely, " Sbakefpeare, 

4. Enquiry j examioation. Shakefpear^, 
' 5. Requeft; defire; foHcitatlon. Herbert. 
; To QUEST. V. n. [queter, Fr. from the 

noun.] To go in fearch. 
QU^'STANT. /. [from quejler, French.] 

* Seeker ; endeavourer afterJ " Sbakefpeare, 
QUE'STION. /. [quafiio, Latin.] 

I . InterrQgatoTy ; any thing enquired. Bac. 
3,. Enquiry; dlfquintion. BaQotf, 

3. A djfjMitc^ a fubje£l of debate. Joth, 
41 AfJ'alr, to be examined, ' Sivifi, 

5. Doubt^ cojitroverfy J difpute. Tillotfon, 

6. Judical trial, Booke^, 
7., Eolamiriation by torture. , -^y^'fe* 
8(7' State of being the fnbje^ of prcfent en- 
quiry. * Hooker, 
9., Endeavour; fearch, Sbakefpeare, 

'ITgQUE'STION. v. «. [from the noun.] 
1. To enquire. Bacon. 

\ 4. To debate by intcrtogatpries. .Sbakefp. 

'^^ Q^E'STION. -v, a. lfueJ}ionner, Fr.] 

I. To examine one by q'ucftions, , Broiaa, 

%, To doubt J lo be uncertain of. Prior, 

* 3. To have no confideoc&'in ; to mention 
"' as not to b* iruftcd." ' . • South, 

UE'SJIONABLEctf: Urom quefilon,^ . 

* 'J/ I>olibtful ; difputable. Baker, 

9| Sufpicious; liable to fufpicion ; liable 

to queftion. Sbakefpeare, 

QUE'STIONARY. a. [from quefi'ion.\ En- 

>^jiiring; aflcing queftions. Pope. 

QUE'Sl lONABi.ENESS./. [from quefilon.'l 

The quftlitv of being queiUonable. 
. gj/E'ST10N£R. /. [from qutflUn,'] An 

QUE'STIOrCLBSS. ad. '[from qu:f:ion.'\ 

Certainly j without doubt. Soutb. 

<iUE'STM.\N. I f Starter of law- 

QUE'STMONGER. ^ luit«or profecutions. 

CiyE^STRIST. [^tQtxx ^ucji-l Seeker; pur- 

iiU'S. Siakcjpeare. 

QUE'STUARY. a, [from quajhu, tatk.] 
Studious 6f profit. Brewti, 

QUlB.y. A farcafm; a bitter taunt. 

, ♦ Ainfv}9rtht 

"ITo OyrBBLE. ts rt, f frojn the noun.] T» 
punj to play on the found, of vrords. 


Oyi'BBLE. /. [from quidVibtt, Latin.] , A 
low conceit depeiiding on the found of 
words ; a puQ. . . ' • Wattu 

QUrBBLER. /. [from quiWe.} A punftcr. 

*QUICK. a, [epic, Saxon.} 

1. Living; not dead. Common Prajer, 

2. Swift; nimhle; done writh celerity. 


3. Speedy | free from delay". Milttm, 

4. Active; fpritely; ready. Clarendon, 
QUICK, ad. Nimbly; fp««iily"; readily. . 

QUICK. /. 

1, A live antmaL Spenfe'r. 

2, 'I'he living fle/h ; fenfible parts. Sharp, 

3, Living plants," Martian, 
QJJI'CKBEAM, or' ^kkentree, f A fpe- 
,. cjesfof wild a/h. MortimtTt 
To QlJI'CKEN, V, a, fcjpiccan, SaxonJ 

1. Ton^alvealive..' ' \ PJah\' 

2, To haftcn ; to accelerate. Haynard* 
jrTo/harpen^ t»a^uato; to excite, , 

■ ' South* 

ToQprckEN. 'v.n, ' 

I . To become alive i aa, a woman 9u>ckei)S 
^itb cbild. ' ' ^ * , J , San^i, 

. ;►. To move with a£Uvipy. Pvpe, 

OyrCKENER. /. [from quicken,'] 

1. One v/ho jnakc: alive^ 

2, That which accelerates';' that wHch 
a£luates. ' More, 

•^OyrCKLlME, /. {calx 'viva, Latin; f»i<* 
and //mtf.] X.\me iinquencjfied. BiV. 

,QyrcKLY.' ad, t^^om 'quid.] .Nimbly; 
fpcedily; .a^ively. " Sbakehean, 

QUl'CKNESS./. ffrom qithk.] 

i. Speed; veloeuy ; celerity. Svutb* 

2. Adivity; brifknefs. Wottm 

^. Keen fentibility. , htke, 

4, Sharpncfs; pungency. Dtyitn* 
' QUl'CKSAND. /., [^uick aad Jand.] fc?- 

ingfand; unfolid ground. Drjden. 

To QtJI'CKSET. '^. a. [quhk and fet.] To 
plant with living plants. Tir^« 

Oyi'CKSET. / [quick and/tf/.] LitingpUpt 
Cet to grow." Evelyn, 

OyiCKSl'GHTED. a, [quick and Aht,] 
Having a /harp fight. Bentttj, 

QUJCKSI'GHTEDNESS, /. [from qmi' 
ftghted.] Sharpncfs of Tight. 

QUl'CKSILVER. /. [quick and ^w.] 
^i k/ilver, called mercury by the thy- 
mifls, is a naturally fluid mineral, and the 
heavieft of all known bodies next to gold, 
and is the more heavy and fluid, as it is 
more purcj its nature is lb homogene an4 
' fitnplf* 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



• £mp1e, that it is a ^ueftton whether gold jc« 
felf be more (o : It penetrates the parts of all 

■ the other metals^ renders them brittle, and 
in part diflbl^ then : it is wholly 'Volatile 
in the fire^ and may be driven up in vapour 
by a degree or heat veryihtle gteater than 
that of boflihg^ water: It is the leaft tena^ 
ctousof all bodies, and every (bialler drop 
may be again divided by the lightest touth 
into a multitudes of others, and is the m^il 
divifiblc of all bodies ; the fpecifick gravity 
of pure mercury is -to water as 14020 to 
looOf and as it is the heavieft of all iluids, 
it is aifo the coldeft, and when heated the 

! hottef! : of the various ores, in which nier^ 

cory is founds cinnabar is the richefl and 
. moft valuable, which^ is. extremely heavy, 
and of a bright and beautiful red colour : 
I . the ancients all efteemsd quickfilver a poi- 
ibn, nor was it brought into internal ufe~ 
till about two hundred ^nd twenty years 
ago, which was iirll occafioned by the Aep- 
herds, who ventured to give it their iheep 
to kill wo^ms^ and as they received no hurt 
. by k« It was. loon concluded, that mtn 
might take it iirfdy : in time, the diggers 
in the inines, when they found it crude^' 
fwallowed it in Vaft quafntities, in order to 
fell it privately^.when they had voided it 
by ilool : but too free a ufe of io powerful 
a medicine caj^not fie' always without dan- 
ger. Hill. 
! (gfl'CKSILVERBD. a. ffrom qiickJUver,} 
' Overlaid with quickftiver. Nekton, 
S^PDAM. /. [Latin.J Somebody. SfepifeK^- 
(^I'DDANY. /. [quidden^ Otrmzn, a 
quince.] Marmalade ^ confe^on of qUinCet 
made with fugar. 
QUl'DDIT. /. A fubtilty 5 an equivocation. 

I* Effence; that which iia proper anfwg; 
. to tbeqoeftion, quideji f a icholaftick term. 
' Hudibrast 
iu A trifling nicety { a cavil.' Camden, 
. QUIE'SCENCE. /. {iiasn qiu^Jco, Ltiml 
Reft 5 repofe* GlanviUe, 

(gJIE'&CENT.' <?. [quiefcensy Latin.] Rett- 
ing ; not being' in' motion y not movent 5 
Iviag at rc^ofe. Holde. , 

QUI'pT. a. [quiety Fr. quietviy Latin.] ' 

I. Still; free from diftnrbance, Hfenfer, 
. %. Ptaceabie ; not turbulent. i Pe/er, 

. 3, Still $ not in niotion. Jl*dgei. 

■ 4. Smooth 5 Jiot rufHed. . Zhahjpeart, 
Qyi'ET. /. [f«/«, Latin.] Reft 5 rcpofe 5 

tranquillity^ - Hughes, 

To QUVET. V. a, [from the noun. J 

1. To calm} tor luUj to pacify j tn put: 
to reft. Farhs, 

2. To ftill. I'CcMe, 
QUl'^TER. /. [froxri quiet.'} The pcrfon or 

. thidg that quiets. 

QIH'ETISM. /. Tranquillity of mind. 

OyrETLY. ad. [from quiet.} 

1. CalmY} without violent emotion. 

' Taylor: 

2. Penccably ; without offence. Bacon, 

3. At reft; without agitation. 
QUIETNESS./, [from quret.] 

. I. Coolnefs of temper. Srdn^.' 

2. Peace ; tranquillity. Sbakefp. Hayiu,, 

. 3. Stillnefs ; calmnefs, 

OyrETSOME. a. [from quiet,} G^lm 5 

ftill ; undifturbcd. Spenfer.^ 

QUIETUDE. /. [quittude, Fr. from omet.} 

• Reft ; rcpofe. Jrotfon, 
QUiLL. /. 

1. The har* and ftrong feathcrofthc wing, 
of which pens are made. - Bacon, 

2. The inftrunrjent of writing Garth., 

3. Prick or dart of a porcupine. Arbutkn. 

4. Reed on which wetvcrs wind their 
threads. - Spenjer, 

• 5, The inftrument vilh which muHcians 
ftrike their ftrings. I)ryden. 

QUI'LLET./. [qujjlibet, Latin.] Subtilty 2 
hicety. ^^ify* 

QUILT./, [kulckt, Dutch; cuUitra, Lat.], 
A cover made by Oitcbinf one cloth over 
another with fome foft fubflaace between 
them. f Pope, 

To QUILT. V. a, [from xhf noun.] To 
Kitch one clorh upon a;i9(her with fomc- 

• thing foft between them, Spenfer, 
QUPNARY. a. [quinamaSf Lat.] Contift- 

ing of five. Bojle, 

QUINCE. /. [quiddtn, German.] 

1. The tree. , ^ Miller. 

2. The fruit. ' Veacbam^ 
To QUINCH. v. n. To ftir ; to flounce as 

iq refantment or pain. Spenfer^ 

QUINCU'NCIAL. a, [from quincunx.} Hav-* 
ing the form mf a quincunx. 

Sipi'NCUNX. f. [Latin.] ^incunx or^er 
is a plantation of tree?, difpoled originally 
in a fquJtre, confifting of five trees, one at 
each corner, and a -fifth in the middle, 
which difpofiiion, repeated again and again/ 
forms a regular grove, wood or wildernefs. 

SiUINS^AGEfSlMA. [Latin.] S^irqua^ 
gefima funday, fo called becaufe it is the 

-. fiftieth day before Eafter, reckoned by 

' whole numbers j /hrove funday. DT^. 

QUINQUA'NGULAR. a. [quinque and an- 
guluijLzX.} Having five coiners. fVooHxc. 

QUiNQyARTI'CULAR.fl. [quinquezn^ ar^ 

ticulus, Latin.] Confifting of five article's, 


Qyi'NQUEFID. a. \quin^ue and jindo, 
(Latin. J Cloven in' five. 

QUINQUEFO'LIATED. a. [quhqrn and/o- 
/i»OT, Latin.] Having fi^it leaves.' "^ 

OyiNQUE'NNIAL. a, [quinqnennit, Laf.] 
5 f * . • • Laft;ng> 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


taAing fi^c ycart } happening once in ifivc 


(jyPNSy./. (corrupted from fyuinancy*} A 

tumid inftamroatiou in the throat. Dryden* 

QUINT./, [yftin/, Fxench.] A fet of fi^e, 

QUI'NTAIN./. Ifuintain, French.] A poft 
with a turning top, Sbakejpeare, 

qyiNTE'SSENCE. /. Iquinta ejitntia, tat,] 
I. A fifth being. Dav'm, 

a. An extra£t from any thing, conuinmg 
tU itt virtuea in a fmall quantity. 

Donne, BtyU. 
(jyiNTE'SSENTlAL. a, \Uom quinfff 
Jenee.'] Confiiling of quinteffence. HakaWf 
^TOTIN. /, An up ight poft, on the top 
of whidi a crofs poft turned upon a pin, at 
one end <^ the crofs poft was a brf^d board^ 
and at the other a h^avy fand bag ; tht 
play was to i^c againft the broad end with 
a lance, and p^fs by before the fand biig 
ihpuld itrike the \ilter on the back. 

Bsn, Jobrjon, 

i^INTU'PLE./. [^U»/i^/«i, Utin.] Five- 

fold. ' Graunt, 

<JyiP. /, A iharp jeft j a taunt } a farcafin. 

To QUIP. V, a. To rally with bitter far- 
cafms, Ainfwortbi 

QUIRE./, {choeur, Fr, cbnrcy Italian.] 
I, A body of fingers ; a chorus. Sbakefp» 
%, The part of the ^hurch where the {tt- 
irice is fung. Cleavehnd* 

)V [Cabitr, Fr.] A bundle of paper con- 
fifting of twenty four ibeeta. . 
^0 QUIRE, V. «. [from the noun.] To fing 
, in concert. , Sbakefpeare» 

CjyrRISTBR:. fi [from qulre.'\ Chorifler j 
one who £ng» in concert, gcAcraily in di- 
vine fervice, Tbomfin, 

ciyiRK. /. 

I. Quick ftroke } fiiarp fit, 
ft. Smart taant. 

3, Subtilty^ nicety ^ artful diftin£kion. 

D^caj of Fiety, 

4. Leofe light tune. Pope, 
ToQJJIT. V. as part. paflT. ^/rj prct. I 

have quit or quitted* [fuiter, French.] 
1. To difcharge an obligation $ to make 
even. Demm, 

%. To fct free. 7ky/or, 

3, To carry thit)ugb 5 to difchirge \ to per* 
iorm. Daniel, 

' 4. Todear himfelfof anaffair* Milton, 
«. Trf repay 5 to requite. Sbakefpfare, 

6. To vacate obligations. Ben^ Jobujou, 

7. To pay aA obligation ; to clear a debt 3 
to be tantamount. Tn^pU, 

. S. [Contracted from itequii,] '^q abfolvtt $ 
to acquit. Fairfax, 

9* To abandon 5 tq for^e. Bin, Jobrfon, 
10. To refign j to give up, , Frior, 

QJprTCHGRASS./. [cpce, Stxbn.] Dog 
r»fi« MQrtimer. 

QJJ a 

QpItE. ad. Completely \ perfediy. 
Oyi'TRENT./. [quittiA renu\ Small rent 

referved, ^tmple. 

QUITS, imer], [from yawl.] Ah exclana* 

tion ufitd when any thing it Kpayed and the 
' parties become even. 
Qgl'TTANCE,/. [fuitMi^e, French.] 

X. Difcharge from a debt or obligatioi; 

an acquittance. . Shahfptaru 

Zf Recompence; return; repayment, 

To QUI'TTANCE, v. a, [from the noun.] 

To repay \ to recoropence, ' Sbah^emrti 
QUHTTER*/ Adeliterer. 
QUI'TTERBONE. /. A hard round fwel* 

ling upon the coronet, between the heel 

and the quarter. Farrkr^s D^, 

OyPVER. /. A eafe for arrows, Spenfer, 
QUyVER. a. Nimble; aaive. SbMk^peare. 
To QUrVER. V. If, 

I, To qoake; to play with a tremolow 

motion. G#f, 

a. To fkivcr 5 to Audder. Sidmf. 

QUI'VEilED. a. [from qmimtr.} 

1. Furnifhed with a quiver* Mthn, 

s. Sheathed as in a quiver. Ptfe^ 

To QyOB. V, «. X® fflovc at the emltfyo 

does in the womb. . DiA 

^XyDJLIBET. f. [Latm.] A nice point; 

afubtilty. Frior, 

QUODLIBEXA'RIAN. /. [fMod^, Lat] 

One who talks or difputes on any fubjeft* 
OyODLIBE'TICAL. a. [MdUbtt, LadftJ 

Not reftrained to a particulaf ialjed. DiS* 
QUOIF./ [ro#, French.] 

I. Any cap with which the head is cofettd. 

See Coif. Sbt^t^^* 

1. Thecapofaferjeantatlaw. 
ToQJJOIF. V. ff. {eoiffer, French.] T« 

cap 5 to drcfs wi«h a head-4re&* JUi"^ 
QUO'IFFURE./ Uoeffuru French.] Hesd- 

drefe. -^ L ^ ^ j^^ 

fOIL. /. See Coii.. 
OIK. /. [com, French.! Coniar. Statij^ 
OIT. y; \C99tet Patch.] 
I. Somethmg thrown to a great diftancete 
a certain point. jkMfMt* 

». The dtfcus of the ancients is fometiORf 
called in £ngU(h quolt^ but impreperiy. 
to QUOIT. V. *. [from the iioun.J T« 
throw quoits } to play at quoits. 


To QUOIT. V. ". To throw. Sbak^em. 

^O'NDjiM. [Latin.] Having been fof* 

merty. SbakejptirU 

QUOOK, preterite x^ quake, ObfoAete. 

^O'KUM, f, [Latin.] A bench of juftice8| 
fucb a number of any officers as is foffid- 
ent to do bufinefs. 4itfi/«i* 

QUO'TA. /. [qu9tut^ L^tin.l A Aarc; a 
proportion as affigned to each. 

QUOTATION. /. [from j«of#.] 
z. The a£t of quoting ; citation, 

». Pi0a|« 

flute; a 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 


f. Pafik^e tdduced out of an 9Ut&otir ai 

evident^ or Ullidfatioo* Z«ribe. 

96 QUOTE, V. 0. [ptoetf, French.] To 
' cite an aot}idifl''$ ^ #<^uc« the words of 

aiiothf^r, Wbieg^t, 

IjyonrEk./. [from fnuJ\ Cher } he that 
•^'^ijaelfes. *" Atterburj, 

QUOTH. «fr^ H^erfia, [c]poyan, Saxon.] 
; fy»thJ, fay J. or faid I s f Wi^ ^e, fayt he, 

^iaidke, ' HudikrtLf, 


QUOrrOlAN. tf. IfmiUHttf, Fr. ftfa/iaSi* 
4*«ai, Latin.] Daily | happening every day. 

OyOTI'DlAN./ IfArH iMitkHsm^ U^J 
A quotidian fever; a fever which retuniB 
fteryday, Bbah^ea^ 

QgO'TIENT./.(|«)fMi, Latin.] InSth- 
metktt, ftto/f'Mr 18 the aonber prodweed hf 
the divifidn of the tw« given Awnberi the 
one by theether* CbcJbv% 


R A C 

T^ Is called the camne letter^ hecanfe 
M<C it it uttered with ibme refemblaicf 

^9 to the growl or fnarl of a cur: it 
has one conflant ibund in Englifli : 
at r§df rofsy mortf ^mhriaiitk s in wolds de- 
rived from the Greeks it is followed \>f 
an bp rbapfody» 
To RA'BATE. 1/. ». [rahatrtp French.] In 
. ialcoJary, to recover a hawk- to the fift 
again. jUnfwmb^, 

To RA'BBET. v. <r. [rabatre, Fr.] To pare 
down i^cces of wood fo aa to fit one ano* 
• tfaer* MoiXon, 

HA'BBET./. [from the verb.] A joint made 
by paring, two pieces fo that they ¥rrap oyer 
one another. . Ji/Ioxpn, 

IbA'BBI. 7 /• A do£lor among the Jews* 
tA'BBIN. 5 ^ , Camden. 

llAfBBIT. 7; [roohbekiM, Dutch.] A funy 
anima) that lives on pbqtByjuid borrows in 
. the ground. Sbah^tartt 

RA'BBLE./. \rabttkflMJn,'\ Aturauku- 
. ous croud I an aiTembly of low people. 

RA'BBLEMENT. r. [fnm rabble.] Croud; 
tumultuous ailbnbly of mean people* 

RA^BID. a, Inbidas, Latin.] Fierce j fu- 
rious : mad. 
RA WN£T. /. A kind of finaller ordnance, 
RACE./, rracty Fr. from radice, Latin.] 
I. A family afccnding. 
a. A family deicending. Mftktn* 

3« A generation I acoUefUve family. 

4* A parlicnlar breed. mUtwi, 

5k RACx«/]^i^ar. Arootor^rigof ^'nffr« 


%. A particular ftrtng^h or tafteof wiat. 

7. Conteft in running. MikeL 

S. Courie on the feet. Brnmu 

9. Progrefsj cou|^ MUfm^ 

10, Train; proceia* Baam* 
RACEHORSE. /. [r0ct pid baffi.] Horik 

bred to run for prices. AddlAiu 

RACEMA'TION./, [raumus, La.J c£r. 

tfff like tkatof grapes* Brtmm^ 

RACEMI^EROUS. m. [ractmitt tad Jmt^ 

Latin.] Bearing clotok 
KA'CER* /. [from raa,} Rainier; one dial 

contends in fpeed. Derfet, 

RA'CINESS./. [fiPMn rury.} The qu^ 

of bong racy* 
RACK. /. [raektp Dtttck« firom raehtt, to 


1. An engine to tortme. Tayler^ 

2. Torture; extreme pain* Teti^k, 

3. Any inftrument by which ex^enfion is 
performed. mUkins, 

• k. A diftaff ; commonly a portable diflafl^ 
nom which they fpin by twirling a ball. 


5. The clouds as they are driven by the 
wind. Sbaiefpearem 

6. A neck of muttoo cut for the table* 

7. A grate* . 

8. A ¥rooden grate in which hay is placed 
for cattle. Mortimer^ 

9. Arrack; a ^nritttoiis fiquor. 

To RACiC*v. *. [from the noun. 1 To ftream 
as clouds before the wind* Sbakefpear9m 

To RACK. V. a. [from the noon.] 

I. To toitnent 1^ the rack. DrydeHm 

s* To torment ; to harrafs« ilbbon* 

3. To barrais I7 czaaioA« : l^tu^er. 

I* To 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


4, To fittcw 5 ^ £orlt to pwfoH»anc«r. ^ 

r, ^ ^ .Tillotfon, 

5. To firetch ;' to extend. Shakejpeare, 
: 6» Ti9 ^fefccatc } t0:d*iv^ off irt)m the lee». 

1 ^ ■ . . Ba^on, 

^ACK-RENT. /. [rtfci^ and^ wr.] I^nt 

f^iftjdtofthdttttefittoft. ' :. ' . .S&a^ 
JfcACKRtNTBRM -/; [r^ifit and i-w/^.] 
' Qf^ewV^.pay^ t^tt^termQftrent^ LpcA^. 
)tA'<^ET,/. " .. : , . 

V. An irregular clattering noife. 'Sbakefp, 

su A confuled talk, in burlefque language. 


5. The Jnftnimen^ ]wwth which pla;^ era 
,"ffflk5 tha bill. ' " ^^i^^ 

llA'CKITro. /. Racking pace of a horfe is 

the iiint as an amble, only that it is a 

fwifter time and a ihorter tread. 
RA'CKOON. /. A New England animal, 

like a badger, having a tail like a fox, be- 

rog clothed with a thick and deep furr, ^ 
KA'CY. a» Strong i Eavoious; tafting of 

the ioH. r > • r- Cow/zy, 

RAD. the old prtt. afreadr Sfenjer, 

MAD, red and rod, differing only in dialect, 

^^ttiiy-<^¥Xet^ .'as Conrad, ' potyei^f uD or 

. ikilful in counfcl j Etheired, a noble coun- 

fellor. .^ Giifrn. 

JIA'DDOCK, or RuJdack, /A bitd. .-. 

JtATDlANCE. 7 /. [radiarey Latin.] Spark- 
■RA'DIAI^CY:* J Jing luftrej glider. 

RATDIANT. 4r. [ra^idnsy Latin. J 1 Shining} 

brightly fparkling 9 emittingiia^a: Miieutt, 
ToRA'DfAT£."v..»..£rtfi«d, Lktin.J Yb 

emit rays; to ^ine.. Boyle, 

JLA'DiATED. a. [podistuty Latin.} Adorned 

with rays. Aidifin, 

W^ ADWTiOtS. f,{fadia^o, Latin.] 

1. Beamy luftre; emifiion of rays. Saccn» 
%f EmtiiiQn ixoin' a «tht^r eve/y way. 

RA'DICAL. a, [fadieal, French.] 
. |. Primitive ; original. BetUhy, 

2. Implanted by i^atufc Wilkins^ 

3. Serving to origination. 
JtADICA'liTy. /. [from radical.} Ori* 

ginatioq. / . Bmvn, 

KA'DICALLY. ad. ffrom radical.] Ori- 
ginally j primitively^ - Prior, 
RA'DICALNESS. /. [frppi rtfrfiW.] The 

fiate of being radical.' f 

To RA'DICATE. v. a, [radUatus, Latin.] 
To root; to plant deeply and firmly. 

. Hammond, 
RADIGATION. /. [fro!^ r«/if^r«.] The 
* a£f of fiking^deep. . , < Hammond'. 
RA^PICLE. f, [J-adkle^ French 5 from radix, 
Latin,]^ .... f^incy2 

RA^DISH./. [liable, Saxon.] Aco^twhich 
. is commonly 9Qltivate4 in thO' kitchen- 
ja^^ns. .:'.'' .... .'^ 


M. ^The femi-diaipet^ «f 4. circle. 
« A. A boAft'^f,tb« f9^-.^nv..whi^h, acco»' 

panics the:ulnar.JnHn^'fhe :£ibow, to ^ 
' iMft. . -. ^ 

ToRAFf. v. tf . •. Tf iw,W; *9 ^H^^f i 1 
. .-. . *"■ ^ Cfiff^, 

%(> RA'^Fl^r . V.:. n. {ii^Jfiry. t<^ fysa^^ 
, French*], To ca(lidic« .f<?r apjriie,. ' Ttft!er, 
itA'FFL?./. {rapy FrencK.J' X4«i«c%of 

game or lottery, in which many Aakea 
' fmail part of the value of fome (ingle thing* 

in confideration of a chance to gain it. 

K Air. /. A frarfic o? float made ^ layi% 

pieces of timber crols "each other. SBaktj^ 
RAFT. part. paff. of reave ,or rafti Torn 5 

rent. Spenjer* 

RA'f TER./. [fue]cefi» Sax. rafter, Dutch.]. 

f ' 'The fecondary timbers of the houfc ; the 

timbers which are let into the great beam. 

RATTERED. ». [ffomrtfter.] Built with 

rafters. > * - • Pe^, 

RAG, /*. [Kfiacobe, torn, Saaen.l, 
' tr A piece of '^otii totn from ue reft 5 1 
V fattPT. . . Miltoik 

:- a. Any thing rent and tattered; wornoQt 
: clothes. Samfyt, 

- ' 3. A fragment of ffrefs* Budtbras,. 

ILAOAMC'FFIN./. {itamwag,} A paltry 

mean fellow. 
RAGE./. fr^«^ French.] 
' ^:i. Violentangarf vehement £if7«^/6«l^» 
.^a. :Vehemenceor exacerbation of any thing 
' painfuL .■ ■ ' ' .t - .' Bacw^ 

To RAGE. «. }f. [/ram theiioun.] 
.• I. To be in fury j to be heated with a- 

ceffive an^er. - • Milm^ 

J6. To ravage^ to exerctfe fiury. ^A;. 

3. To adi with ipifchievous impetttoiky^ 

RA'GBFUL. J. [Kog^ and /a//,] . Furiousj. 
violent. . HaMfiMiL- 

RA^GGED. A,, Ifrtk^ wflgJ} 

I. Rent into tatters. jirkutbntt* 

' a. Uneven \ confi|ling of parts almoft dir*. 

united. ShMpetre, 

.3. Drelfed in tatters. Dryda* 

4. Rugged; notfmboth*' VMrdn^^ 
RA'GGED^ESS./. [from ragged.] Stale 

."of being drefled in tatters. Sbakefpeare» 

RA'GINGLY; ad. [ftom raghg,] With. 

vehement fury. 
RA'CMAN: f, [r/tg »oA mam] Ontyfhx 
, deals in rags. -^ 

R4G0U^T,J. [French.] Meat ftewcd and. 
highly feafoned. . Jddijen^ 

RA'GSTONE. /. {rtf^ andyfi^iitf.] . ,. 

I. .A fldne fo named from its breaking in 

/ a ragged manner. ff^oodward* 

. au The ftone with .Which tkey fmoofh the 

• ^S^of a tool new ground and leftJ:agged> 

' • RA'6. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

R A.I 


iSU^GWOIkl?. fi J>4f and. tofl»'/.l A pUnft 

%AlL.f. Iriegef, German.] . * . 

, s* .A croft licain fcted.ihHhe tnAz at tvw) 
. i?prigK5 pop*. .' , . ^ ^ww». 
. «. A Tcries of pofts jconntite^ with beams, 
. by wl)i^b a(4y thing is ioclofed. . . Sacon^ 
•;. 3. A kind of bird. C*iJ«* 

■ 4. ^ woman's upper, garment. 
iTpKAlU V. «. [from tbc nowB.] 
• 4, :To inclofb with rails. Mtifi^* 

a,. To range in a line.. - - - * £acon. 
To RAIL. V. a. [/«//?»* Dutch.] Tq.ufc 
infolcntan4r,eproachf»*ilafig<j^gc. "L 

. . . ; - ^ SMeffi^lfire. 

.Rlii'LEil. /. [fromrtfi/.] One who infults 
or defames by opprobriows languages.' 5p«r/>. 
RAI'LLERY./. [rall/^ify French.] Sligljt 
fetire 4 fatirical n^etfimept. ^w. Jobj^on, 
.RAI'MPJT. /. Yefture j veftmcnt 5 clo^fees ; 
<ii«Ts; garftieiit. . Sfdm^, 

To.«A1W.: v. «. [newan,„Sa3tQn 5 «:^g<yw, 
.. D.utqh.] . . , :. 

j^ To fall in dropfi. fiom *fc cfco^s, r. 

,7 : ' l^kt, 

' -ft. To fall as tain, .,,:.. . Mpton, 

I 3, le^AiVtt. The/W4l« falls from the 

clouds. * 'Sbak0eare, 

To RAIN. V* a, Tq pOJ*lJd»«rn «« rain. 

..,.,0, , $bahffp.Mre. 

'rain./. [iMHi,-Saxo»4.Tbcp>oift\»te'th?P 

^Itffrom the<lQi»4s,„ •.: . . : JTaiUr. 

RAl'NBOV^. /. f rtf/« and ^©w.] The iris j 

the femfctrcie of ^tio«rt col<)or« which^ap- 

pear»»ii fliowery wafhisi?. •: Sbftkejp, . JVw/. 

RAl'NDEER./. [hjwnaf, Saxon j .rafffiT^r, . 

Latin.] A deer widi )#krge, boj^s, wh*c|l, 

in the nclrt^cra ,re|^*#^ 4raw3 flp^gcs 

\^hr«iughthe inbw. • 

;k^^'^[lHESS. /. (from rtff/y;] Thc.ftatc 

"^f bQing&owery, , ^.v ...f> . , 

XAI'NY.ix. [from rtfi/?.] Showery; wet 5 
* - •* . • fffofvefbixvi'^* 

!Tii*RA)5E. v,./»- [r«/<r, DaniOi.] 

J, . To lift J to hcaVe, • ?9pe, 

». T^ ijct upright t as, i><raitodtffl?^,.^^ 

. .3, Toere^ } to build up. y#«<'» viii. 

.4. To. exalt to a ftat§ more great or illu- 

5, To amplify ; to enjarge.. Sbakefpea^. 

. ,6. ToJncreafein.cHrtentvalqc, 5«f^/-p. 
7. To elevate 5 to ejcalt. , Pi'ior, 

S. To advance j tO'promote^ toprpfe*. 

" ', V Ciarendon, 

^. Toexcitej toput inaftioa. Milton* 

\ JO. Ta excite to w;|r or tumult; to ftir 
up. Shakefpeare^ j^St, xxiv. 

II. Toroufe: toftirvip..* . J^' 

1*. To give beginning to: as, be railed 
tbe family, .. . ^^,- 

J3. To bring into being. Amoiy ii. 11. 
14. To call into view from- the ftatc pf fe- 
f a rate fpirit&. Sahdyu 

. > 1};. To brlag §»mde«tli.t6}ift* '' .:. 
/ . ' Romans^ iv« c j, 

; 1^, To pc^afion 5^ to begin;' Brviuiu 

. , 17. .To £et MO ;: to utter leodly.. Dfyiau 
jZ» To collect ; to obtain a certain fam* 

. 19. To colka ; to aflembk ; to le«y» ■ 

, .. \ \ n r ^. .\ .- J^ tUSkfiM, 

ao. To give rife to. * ..M/bkotu 

,. fti. .7i> Ra jtji ^. ^ ']^ toi»,plA« ikt* 

pies without 9 .di^. . > . ! Sp^Sator^ 
RAi^ER./lf<wiiWH>}fHe^«rttref, i 
. ' . - ' STtfjiAr. 

RAI'3SN;. /. [rttBemutt'L^.nitifin,,VtetkfAxJ\ 
[ J i?<aij^/»i .aiej ^fee: fwit «£i|i^ fan^ufiered t« 
.', ^remain on the tree. till pfirie^ly ripetted, 
I :and thjnj^ed'eitker by'fth^ iin ar <l)i(fe 
', ,h<at of an' qventngr^pfft' of- everjr ddbid, 
, prei«r?ffljl ifL'thitniaAner, ^ej «*Mei ^i^fitt^ 
.' ...but.thpie dried in the fun are miKk fwetter 

and pleafantdrtyhao thoft<ftiedio:oMli, 'I 
cRAKEwj; f|ijce*wSaxQa;..t»^r*p, Putch-l 
. x. An inftrument with teclh^ by which 
;., ^the giioiind ifidirfided. / > . ' Drydtm* 
, a. [iJtf^tf/, Dutch, a.wofthlefe cor.tdog.] 

^ k)ofe, diforderljr, vidbouS^ wild, gaf^ 
J .thoughtlefsfeU«w- ^ .^ . /^^ 

.To;RAKE. V. tf. [from tht noun.} 

1. Tft^athta-^ivitharkke.. . Me^^ 
, • ' •• To clear with a rite.- r thornfoiu 

,j. 'To draw together by violence. Ho9ker» 
,. 4. To fcohr ( $0 fearch with ti%tx and vfi- 
. hement- diligence. Sivlji^ 

, _ 5, To heap'togctllcrjind'wvcr. • SuekliTigp 
-To RAKE. v..i7^r i 

...I. Tofearch; to grope. S^uthm " 

2. To pafaTvftth violencfi. Si^a^ 
RANKER. /* \iromrah.\ Onerthaf rgket. 

.RA'KEHELt. /. {racailU, Fr. the rabble 5 
, ; froin nhl, Du.t6li#4 ftipogrfe! dog. ] \ A W«li 
t . ^orthlefs, diiTolote, debjHiched^' ionf feU 
.. Ip.w.. , rr;. • : ,. - ■$pe^fer. 

.RA/KEHELLY..*^. {f^om^tf*^^//.} WUt? 

diflblute. . .* c .a: M^ Jdkf^ , 

.RA'KiaH.' tf. [from r^iitf.] Loofej lewd 

diflblute. . - V ^ •'f' " * '^ 

ToRA'LLV.'v. tf. fr^J;^ French.] > 

t \i. To. put.ds^Drd^ed^ of difporfed" farces 

into order, . Atterburym 

2 . To tftat wMjQigbt eorttenipt j to jreat 
with fatirical merriment, Addijou* 

/I'oRA^LLY* v>»., -j .' . 

1, To come together in a hnrry. Tilkefinm 
2-. To .come again ia^o o<der; . Djy40$, 

3. To exercile fatirical merriment. :/ A 
^RAM. jC [|ia2a,Saxqn;.riM»i, Dutch.] 

X, A inalc. flif ep ; Jn fome provi^Kfls, ft 
^ ^ top. Peacbam* 

2. Ah inftroineiit with ao vtjn b««i to 
batter walls. ' ^bakffpfare* 

To RAM. t/. <r. . ' '. 

J, To .drive with. vJolfnfQ, a5 tvjt)i a b:|t- 
tering ram, Sacon^ 

a., To 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

It AM 

it. To fill fvich any tfau% 4ntrtii bdr^ to- 
. ^er» Hayward. 

Ta RA'MBLE. v. «. Irammtien, Dtitc^;] 
- To tore loottfy iliii tfregolarfyi to Waa- 
ler, . ^ ' ^«*«. 
itA^iiB(LE. /. rfrom tJie verb.] Wandering 
intpdarocumii. S^fik 
ItA'MBLER. /• [from rattthU.} Rover} 

. ingfi; fkavings. i>/^. 

> /Dinfion or ie^tttioa into braachet ^ the 
, «aof brancbiD^^ut.^ Gale, 

f^ AAfMIFY. -r/- tf. Iram^eff French.] 
. To Ibparate into branches, Btyie* 

^ RATIFY, ^. n. To be parted into 

ImMiciief. jti4mimot. 

ItAHnOR. /. Prom rsm.J 
' a. An ififtnimcAt with wl^di any thing^ii 
' driven haird. Mmm. 

■ 4« The ftick with wUch the charge is 
. #otced into the gnn. H^fiman, 

ItA'MMISH. «. [from AMr.] Strong fceoted. 
JtA^OtJS. tf. [from r«mrf> Lat.J Bruichjr{ 

c<ufi^ne of witoebet, NtivMi* 

To kAMP. ^.^. [rmKp&, French.] 
. f. Tolcap with iriolence. Sfmfer, 

t. To clhnb as a plant. Baj. 

4t AMP. /. [froai the wb.J Lcip 5 fpiing. 

^ A nt^an wretch. Stak, 
ItA'MPANCY. /. [from r«^jir.] Preva- 

• ' ience;. exuberance. Siuth, 
^AfUFAUT. a. [ramfumt, French.] 

• t» ISxubeiaat; overgfowipg reftraint* 

< • 9. {In heraldry*] Msmpsm U when the lion 
-' is fes^ up m theefcoteheon, as it were 

• teady to combat with his enemy. P^aeham, 
n^HA'MPART. I V. «. [from the noon.] 
•To R A'MPIRE. J To fortify with rtm- 

^ -pifftB. HaytvarM, 

' J. The platfWm of the Wall behind ;he 

• parapet* 

1. Thewftll totfnd foKlfted places. 

JBew* y^hnfan, 
^tA'MPIONS. /. IraftMMba, Latin.] A 
plant. Mortimer, 

HA'MSONS./. AnherU jSnfimrth. 
R AN. ffHirtte of #>»«. M^fm, 

To RANCH, fr. 41. [from «t;rM(i&.] To 

• ^rain; to injure wkh irioleiiit contor^n. 


RA'NCID* «• IrancMhu, LAtln.] Sttong 

fcented# Jtbrnhmt, 

RA'NCIDNESS.1 /. [from raitddA Sttong 

'HANCI'DITy. $ font, af«fi4d.oJy^^ 

kA^COROUS. *. ffix>m rtfifwar] IfiC 

lighant i malicious 3 i'piteful in the utmoft 

dcgi-ee. Shakfknaroi 

RA'NCOtm./. [^afff^r, old Freacfa.] la- 

i^terate malignity | malice $ fiedMhn^ 

' placaUtti^ ; ftanding hatci %ar<r. 

RAND. /. .[riiMf, Dvtdi.1 Bordar; feam* 

RA'NDOM./. IrandoH, French.] Want of 

dire^on} want^frvle or method; chance a 

hazard | toying motion. jMiAm. 

RAlQ>OM. <2. Donrby diMcej rofiog 

• without dire^on. Dryden, 

RAN6.j»fWm/tfof ni^. GrAft 

To RANGE. V, *. intngtr, French.] 

" f . To place in order 5 to put in ranks. 

%i TorofeoTcr. Gau 

To RANGE. ♦. ». 

t. To h)ve at largte Sbakelheart, 

s. To be placed in order< Sbahjpearkt 

RANGE, /. Irattg/e, French.] 

t. A ranks ^^ ^^^K pl^^ ^^ • 1^* ' 

2. Aclaibi aa order. Jb/r. 
|. Excurfion; wandering. Scmk 
4. Room for excorfion. AdJ^a, 
c. Gompaft take* in by any thing ezcui^ 
five. Pcfti 

6. Stepofaladtoi ebrauU 

7. A kitchen grate. SPenfcr, 
RA'NGER././[f«omnrafe.l "^ "^ ' 

1. One that ranges | a rover 5 a robbeiv 

«• A dog that beats the ground. cfiry. 

3^ An officer mho tends the game of a 
' Ibrcft. . Dtjden, 

tRANK. a, [nanci Saxon.} 

t. ifighgro«i^4 ftroag} luxuriant. 

' ' 2. ^luitfll ( bearing ftroog plmts* £iMJfr. 

3. [i^tfsn^sff Latin.] Strong iceoted| 
rancid. JSiakeJjxmi, 

•■ 4, High tafted ) ftrong in quality. R^i 

J, Rampant I high grown. ^JuffutH^ 
• Qroisi coarfe. Sffifi* 

7. The iron ef a plane is let rank^ «Aiea 
fts edge ftands U> flat below the fole of the 
planei that in working it wiU take «ff a 
i^ick (baring. Af^MS. 

RANK.y. rr#fl|r, French;] 

t . Line of men placed « - breaft* ShakAigrtk 

2. A row. Aabr. 
■3. Range of Aiberdittttton. ^ L^dit, 

4. Cla&j order. Atttrhmy, 

5. Degree of dignity. Addjofu 

6. Dignity} high place: ar^ ^is a aunt 
of rank. 

To RANK^ V. «. [fan^r^ Frendi.] 
I. To place ff-bteaft. Mihtt4 

j(,. To range in any particuUrdafi. 

3. T9 vrajige methodically, jfeAwi. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

R A? 



T9 RANK. «• m To be raqfe^; to )>e 
placed. T^tf 

To EA-NKLE. ^.f. [ftomw*.] T# fe- 
ftcr } tp hKecdcorryptif^s ; t« he IpHyncd' 
In body or I9ii^> Spenfer* Sandyu 

RA'NKJUY. W. [ftom ivi»*,] Coar^ly; 
ffspQy. Skake^are, 

fiijipfliwty of gi}Hirth«. Shak^pt^re^ 

T6 RA'NSACK. V. a. [jHn, Sg^oji, Jind 
, j^t*, Swtdi4i» t9fr?rc|i torori<4ae.] 

It T9 W*>^«r I to luUlife, Dor^/rtr. 

ii To fearch narrowly. ^^oodnvard* 

). lio violate ; to de^o^Ker« Spfnfir» 

KA'^SOME. /. [ranopnt Fr«ichO Prifc 

paid for rcdqgagti^li ^op C?ptiyity or pv- 

nii|imcnt. Tillotfon, 

To RA'NSOME. V. tf. [r^nr^o^^r, French.] 

To rf dppqA fr^pj f aotiyity or puniftpipfit. 
iLVKWMEi'ESS. tf. [from rtf»>w*.] Free 

from r^ioj^iie. Staiefptare, 

^oRANT. V. «. [rtf«&/i, Dutch, to raye.] 

To r«^ve iA violent or h\gk founding Ian- 
iiage. Stillitigfleet, 

HTp /* [from the yub«] High foui¥)ing 

language. Granville. 

KA'NTEJl./. [f|o«>w/.i A ranting fel* 

JLA'NTIPPLE. #• WiWj tofing; rakift. 

I T9 ItAVTIPOtl. V. ?»♦ To r¥i>. Jibowt 

tnldJy. ^irbuibnot, 

RJttfULA, /, A foft /wclUng, poffcfflng 

I ' tbofe falivaJs under the toi^goc. H^tfmaH, 

}IANU'1^CULU8. /. Crowfoot. Hfrt'mtr* 

Jo RAP* ^, V, [hnseppan, Sa^ion.] To 

ftrike with a qm^ imart blow. Amfin* 

I, Tp *<}tft with raptitfc J to ftriljie jR^ith 

/D(t>fy9 tolumy puCiofhimfelf. 

. . Miter. Fopti 

*. To^^^cb Mfiy. Mi//a/r, 

tp JRAP /««// rw^. To feiic by viole^jce. 
Rap. /• {ikon ^ v«rb.] a ^uick fm%jt 

blow, jfri^uthnott 

JLAPA^CIOUS. tf. Iritpaft, Frtoch | r<^tf*, 

l^n.] Qrirtn tt plunder^ feizing by vio- 

knoB. Ptf^. 

RAPA^CIOftTSty. <i</. (from rapatms.} 

By rapine ; by violent robbe/y. 
RAl^A'WJVSNESS. /. [fTomrapacim.} 

Tht quality o^ being rapacious. 
ftAPA'jPTV. /, [rifpa^ifas, Latin.] Ad- 
.* didUdneis to plunder.5 exercile of phinder ; 

niv«»Q0fne(5, 5/>r<^. 

EAPE. /. [rtf/>/w, Latin. 1 

I, Vi«4Qnt defloraiion of chiftity. Bbakejp, 

a. Privation; a£^ o^ taking away. Chap, 
' |. Something foatehed away. Sandys, 

4. WJbole grapes plucksd from the cluftcr. 


(» A Pl«a^i from tht iM ^f which oU II 

lUTID. 0. [rspidt, Fftnch.] Qjuck; Wft. 


JILAPI'DITy* /. [rapidiU, French.) Cele- 
ftty; veh>city^ fwiftqeff. Addifm* 

RA^PIDLY. ad, [from rapUl.'i Swiftly | 
with quick motion. 

RA'PIDNESS./. [from^/»//V.] Celerity | 

RA/PIER. /. A fmall fword uljbd only in 
thrufting, ^ fop^^ 

R APIER-FJSM. / thtf/h caUcd xiphias t 
the fword, which grows Itvcl frtrtn th4 
ihout of thefift, it iboot a yard long; he 
pceys on fi^es, having firft ftabbed them 
with thi^ fword. Orew^ 

I^A'PINfi. /. [rap'ina, Latin.] 

I. The aft of plundering. IQng Ch$rUu 
%' Violence; fafcc. Miltw. 

RA'PPER./i [from rap.'\ One who ftrikes* 

RA'PPORT. /. [rapports French.] Rela- 
tion; reference* ^trnpli^ 

To RAPT* V. II. To ttfiili ; to put in ec- 
^afy. Ckapmain 

RAPT. /. [f^ftttttap.^ A trjuiioe* 


I. Ecftafy; tranfport} violence of any 
pkafiag pa^on. jtddif<m^ 

%. Rapidity; hafte. JH/Zro/r* 

RA/PTURED. f. [frofti raptgre-l RaviH* 
ed ; trani)Jorted. A bad word. Thamfon^ 

J^A^PTUROUS. a, [from faputre.] Utiz^ 
ti<*; tran4>ort?ng. fi«K«-. 

RARE. *. [rarttt^ liatin.J 

1. Scared; uncommon. $f>a1uffedK^ 

%, Excellent; incomparable; vj|iujible to 
a degree feldom found. Cowing 

%. Thinly fcatteredi Miitoa. 

4. Thin; fubtle: not den&. Newtom* 

5. Raw; not fully fubdued by the lire. 


RAOlEESHOWi /. A Aow carried in a 
box, ' Gay^ 

RAREFA'CTION. /* [rMrefaR'm, French. J 
Bxteofion of the parts of a body,, that 
makes it take op siore rpcm than it did 
before. PTotton* 

RA'REFiAdLE. a* [from rsre^,'\ Admit* 
ting rarefa^ion. 

To RAREFY, t, a, {rarefiir^ French.] 
To nuke thin : contrary to conden&4 


To RA0R.EFy4 V, ft. To become thin. 


RARELY. ad» {fram tari."] 

X. Seldom^ not often; not frequently. 
ik. Finely; nicely; accurately. ShaAeJh, 

RA'RENtSS. /. [from rare.) ^ 

X. Uncommonncfs ; ftate ot happening fel- 
dom; infrequency. 

%. Value arifing from fcarcity, Sacon. 
5 9 RA'RITV. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


R A T 

JRAiaTY, /. [rarrt/, Fr. raritas, La*. J 
I. Uncommonntffs 5 infrequcncy. Sfteffat, 
%, A thing valued for its fcarcity. Sbakejp* 
3. Thinncfsj fubllety: the contrary to 
denfity. Benthx* 

RA'SCAL./. f Jiar^a^ Saxon, a lean beaft.] 
A mean fellow j a fcoundrel* Dryden, 

RaSCA'LION./. One of the loweft people, 


RASCA'UTY./. [from rafcal.} The low 
mean people. South* 

RA'SCALLV. a, (from rafcal.} Mean ; 
worthlefe. Swifu 

To RASE; t/. a. 

t. To fkim ; to ftrikc on the furface. 

a. To overthrow ; to dcftroy j to root up. 

» Milton, 

3. To blot out by raO'rc; toerafc. Mi/ton* 

RASH. a. [rafch, Dutth.] Hafty j violent 5 
precipitate. jlfcbam, 

RASH. /. [rafctay Italian.] 

I. Sattin. Mi/tfiew, 

- a. An efftorelbence on the body } a break- 
ing Ottt. 

RA'SHER./. Athinfliccofbacon. Shakeff, 

RA'SHLY. ad. [from rajh,] Haftily; vie- 
• lently; without due confideration. Smith. 

R A'SHNESS. /. [from rajb.'i Foolifli con- 
tempt of danger. Dryden. 

i.ASP. /. [yafpoy Italian.] A delicious ber- 
ry that grows on a fpecies of ihc bramble j 
arafpberry. Philip. 

To RASP. V. a, [rajptti, Dutch.] . To rub 
to powder wit! a very rough file. Moxon. 

RASP. /. A large rough file, commonly 
ufed to wear away wood. Moxek. 

RA'SPATORY. f {mfpatcir, French.] A 
chirurgeon*s rafp. Wifrnan, 

RA'SPBERRY, or Rajherry. f. A kind of 
berry. Mortimer. 

RA'SPBERRY-BUSH. /. A fpecics of 

RA'SURE. /. [rajura, Latin.] 
1. The a£l of fcrapingor /having. 
2| A mark in a wfiting wkeie fometiiing 
has been nibbed outw wff/i^. 

RAT. /. [ratte, Dutch ; rat, Fren(Ji ; ratta, 
£pani/h.J An mimal o£ the moufe kind 
that infdds houfes and ihips. 

Brovm. Dennis^ 

Tofmella RAT. To be put on the watch 
^„ by fufpicion, Hudibras. 

RATABLE, a, [from r<r/tf.] Set it k cer- 
tain value. Cair.den. 

RA'TABLY. ad. Proportion ably. Raleigh. 

RATA'FIA,/. A fine liquor, prepared from 
the kernels of apricots and fpirits, Bailey. 

RATA''N. /. An Indian cane. Dm. 

.RATGH. 2 /• ^ clock-work, a fort of 

RASH. J wheel, whurh ferves to lkft<«p 

the detents every hour, and thcieby make 

. the do^ Urikc. Bj'iley, 


I, Price fixed on any thing, toeke* Dryden^ 
%. Allowance fettled. Addi^, 

3. Degree; comparative height or Talour. 

Sbakeffeare* Caiu^t 

4. Quantity «ffi|nable. • Sbakeffem, 

5. That which fets value. jitterhury. 

6. Manner of doing any tfaiflg ; degree to 
which any thing is done. Clarendon, 

7. Taximpofed by thepuiih. Prjiri 
To RATE* V. a. 

I . To value at a certtih price. St^ 

%. To chide haftily aiid vehemently^ 

RATH./. A hill. 5/«r/ir.* 

RATH. ad. Early. Speff&, 

RATH. a. fiia«, Saxbn,' quickly.] Early j 

coming before the time. Mikm 


I, More willingly } with better liking. 
Common Pray&. 

t. Preferably to the other; witiv better 

reaftJn. Lode. 

3. In a gteaur degree than otherwife. 

4. More properly. Sbake/ieare, 

5. Efpecially. Sbai^petrf. 

6. To have Rather. To defire in pre- 
ference. Renru 

RATIPICA'TION. /. [from ratify.] The 
i€t of ratifying ; confirmation. 

RA'TIFIER. /. [from ratify,} The perfon 
or thing that ratifies. Shakeffeart, 

To RA'TIFY. v. a. [ratum/acio, Latin.] 
To confirm 5 to fettle. Dryden, 

RATIO, f. [Latin.] Proportion. Cbtyne* 

To RATIOCINATE, v. n. [rat'tociaort 
Lat.] To reafon ; to argue. 

RATIOCIN ACTION./, [ratiocmatio.Ut,] 
The a£t of reafoning ; the a£t of deducing 
confequences from prcmifes. Broym. 

RATICyCiNATIVE. a. [from ratiocinatt,] 
Argumentative j advancing by proceft cit 
difcourfe. Batt. 

RATIONAL, tf. [rationalu^ Latin.] 
I. Having the power of reafoning. 

' %. Agreeable to reafon* GlaimSi, 

3. Wife; judicious^ tt| « ratiopal mtfa. 

RATIONALIST./, [from r^rriontf/.] One 
who proceeds in his dilquifitions and prx- 
tice wholly upon reafon. Biuai» 

RATION A'LITY. /. [from rational.} 

1. The power of reafoning. 

Government of the Tonpt* 

2. Reafonablenefs. Srowh 
RATIONALLY, ad. [from rational.] Rea- 

fonatily ; with reafon. St»ti. 

RATIO'NALNESS. /. [from raiienal.} 

The ftate of being rativnal. 
RATSBANE^/, [rat ind ham.} P«fon 

forra<6; arfenick. Sbakejpeart. 

R A-' r rUEN. /, A kind of ftuff. Swfu 
To RATTLE, v. n. [ratelen, Dutch.] 

I. To 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

R A V 


J. To make a quick Aarp noife with fre- 
quent, repetitious and collifions. ffay^vard^ 

■ t. To fpeak eagerly and ooifily. Swift, 

To RATTLE. V. a, 

1. To move any thing fo as to make a 
rattle or noife. Dryden, 

2. To flun with a noife; to drive with a 
Jioifc. Shakefpeare, 

' 3.* To Ccoldi to rail at with clamour. 

KATTL'E,/. [from the verb.] 
' I. A quick noife nimbly repeated. Prjpr, 

2. Empty and loud talk. Haknvill, 

3* An inftrument, which agitated makfa 

a clattering noife, RaUlgb, 

4. A plant. 
RA'TTLEHEADED. a. [rattle znd bead.} 

Giddy j not fteady. 
RA'TTLESNAICE. /. A kind of fcrpent. 

I^ATTLESNAKE Koct,f.A plant, a na- 

tive of Virginia; the Indians ufe it as a 

certain remedy againft the bite of a rattle- 

fnalce. HUh 

RA'TTOON./. A Weft Indian fox. Baitey, 
To RA'VAGE. v. a, [ravager, Fr.] To 

lay wafte j to fack ; to ran&ck j to fpoil ; 

to pillage; to plunder. ^difon, 

RA'VAGE./. Irai/age, Fr,} Spoil; ruin; 

wafte. ^ Drydeftt 

RA'VAGER,/. [from ravage.] Plundering; 

fpoiier. Sfvifi, 

lUU'CITY. f. [raucus, Lat.] Hoarfenets; 

loud rough noife., Bacpn, 

To RAVE, v, . n* [reven, Dutch j rcv^r, 


I* To be delirious ; to talk irrationally. 

Government oftbe Tongue, 

2, To burft out intQ furious exclamations, 
as if xxiad. Sandys, 

3. To beunreafonably fond. Locke, 
ToRE'VEL. v. a. [rave/en, Dutch.] 

1. To entangle; to entwift one with ano- 
ther ; to make intricate; to involve; to 
perplex. tValier* 
%. To unweave ; to unknit : as, to ravel 
out a tnviji, shakefpeare* 
3. To hurry over in confufion, Digiy* 

To RA'VEL. v.n,. 
^. To fall into perplexity or confufion. 


2. To work in perplexity; to bufy him- 
felf with intricacies. Decay of Piety, 

RAfrELIN. /. [French,] In fortification, 
a work that confiils of two faces, that 
make a falient angle, commonly called 
half moon by the foldiers. 

RA'VEN. /. [hpspn, Saxon.] A large 
black fowl* Boy/e, 

To RA'VEN. V. a. [ftvpin^ Sax. to rob.] 
To devour with great cagernefs and rapa- 
^;ity, Skfikefpenre, 

To RA'VEN. V, n. To prey with r;ipacity, 

RA'VENOUS, a, [from ratten.} Furioufly 

voracious ; hunery to rage. Sbakefpearei 
RA'VENOUSLY; ad, [from ravenouu} 

With raging voracity. 
RA'VENOUSNESS. /. [from ravenous,} 

Rage for ptcy j furious voracity. /fo/r, 

RAUGHT, the old prct. an4 part. paff. of 

reach. » 

RA'VJN. /. 

?. Prey ; food gotten by violence. 


2. Rapine; rapacioulhefs. Rny, 

RA'VINGLY. ad. [from rave.} With frtn^ 

zy; with diftra^ion. Sidnet*. 

To RADISH, v.a. [ravir^ French.] 

X. To conftuprate by force. Shakefpeare, 

2. To take ^way by violence, Shakefpeare, 
■ 3, To delight; to rapture; to tranfport. 

RA'VISHER. /. [ravifeur, French.] 

1. He" that embraces a woman by vio- 
lence. Tayhr, 

2. One who takes any thing by violence. 

RA'VISHMENT./. [ravifement, Fr. from 

1. Violation; forcible conftupration. 

2. Tranfport ; rapture ; ecftafy ; pleafing 
violence on the mind. Mi/ton, 

RAW. a. fhfieap, Saxon ; rouw, Dutch.] 

1. Not (ubdued by the fire. Spenfer, 

2. Not covered with the ikin. 'Shakefpeare, 

3. Sore. ^ S'penfe'r, 

4. Immature; unripe. 

5. Unfeafoned ; unripe in ikiH* Raleigh, 

6. New. Shakefpeare* 

' 7. Bleak ; chill. ' . Spenfer^ 

8. Not conco^Ud. Bacon* 

RA'WBONED. a. [raw and hone.} Having 
' bones fcarcely covered with flefh. 

RA'WHEAD. /. [raw and head.} Ihe 
name of a fpeS^re. Dryden^ 

RA'WLY. ad, [from raVJ.} 
' I. In a raw manner, 

2. Unfkilfully. 

3. Newly* " ' Shake^ea^f, 
RA'WNESS, /. [from raw.'\ 

1. State of being raw. Bacon* 

2. Unfkilfulnefs. Hakewill. 

3. Hafly manner. Shakefpeare* 
Ray* /. [rite, French ; radius, Latin,] 

|. A beam of light. Milton, Newton, 

2. Any luflrc corporeal or Intelledtual. 

5. [Raye, French ; raiti, Latin.] A fifh. 

4. An herb, * jiivfworth^ 
To RAY. V. a, [rayer, Fr.] To ftreaky 

to maik in long lines. Shakefpeare, , 

,'' $0 % Ray, 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



JlAy. for array. 

RAZE. /. [ra/K, mrobt, Spanifli.] A totit 
of ginger. Sbaktfpture, 

!i'dRAZE. V. tf. [rafusy Latin.] 

J. To overthrow > to ruiai to fubvert. 

%, To efface. Mlbcm* 

J. To extirpate, Shaiepeare, ' 

KA'IiOR. /. [r^/tfr, Lat,] A knife with 
a thick bla(}e and fine edge ufed in /hav'* 
ing, Drj^M* 

RA'ZORABLU. s. [from raxor.] Fit to 
|>9 fluived. ' Sbakejpeare. 

JtA'ZORFlSH, / A ftA. Ckr^. 

RAaURE. /. [rW«rtf, Fr.] Aft of eraf- 
ing. *^ Skakcfpcan. 

HE. 4s an infeparablc particle ufed by the 
Latjns^ and fitom th*in borrowed by us to 
denote iteration or backward a£Vioa: is^ 
return^ to conic back} r^^crcvjfwuf the 
ad of driving back. 

RtA'eCESS. /. \rt and ^^/i.] Vifit «• 
newed. BakiwiU» 

To REACH. V. tf. [paecan, Saxon.] 
^, ^o touch wilb the hand extended. 

%, To «rri?e at { to atui» any thiag dif- 
ttnt. , Milton* 

5. To fetch from f«ai« place diftant, and 
^ve. ^ a Mjdrau 

A.' To bHng forward fnom a diAant place. 
^ Juhn. 

|, To hold out ;. to (hrctth forth. Hooker. 
e. To atuiQ ( to gala | tp obtain. Cktyne. 

f. To transfer. i^owr. 

• To penetrate to, Loc%e, 

^. T« be ade«uate to* LocU, 

I 30. To extend to; Add'ipm. 

II. To extend; to fpreid abroad. Hiiten* 
^0 REACH. V. «. 

J, To be extended. ^«y/p. 

9. To be extended far. Sbahjptare, 

3. To penetrate. Addlfon, 

4. To make eflbrts to attain. licke. 
K. To take in the hand. Milton. 

$^EACH. /. ffmm the verb.] 

|, A£k of reaching or bringing by extenv 
£on of the hand. 

;». Power of reaching or taking in tbe 
hand. Ltdte, 

3, Power of attainment or management* 

.4. Pow^r ^ limit of faculties. Addifon. 
5< Contrivance i artful f^hcme ; deep 
^bought. Hayward, 

p, A fetch I an artifice to attain fome dif- 
tant advantage. ^acon, 

y. Tendency to 4iAaiit conie^uencte. 


5. Extent. Mi/tort^ 
5*0 REA^CT, V. a, [re «nd aB,} To re. 

f^m t|^ lni|>uffe or impreiTion. 


REA'CTION. /. [rtaa'm, Fr.l The re^ 

procatlon of ^any impulfb or rorce impitir* 

' ed, made by the body on which fuch iA- 

preifion ik made: aSHon and rcaSion ire 

eaual. , 

READ./, fjiab, Saxoil.] 

I. Counfcl. Sterntidd, 

i. Saying 5 falAr. ^pnjer. 

To READ. V, a, prct. r^</, part. pa!L 
read [fiaeb, Saicoh.J 
1, To p^ruie any thing vrritten. 

Shaiefj>eare, Tope. 
t. To difcover by charaders Or marks. 


3. To learn by obfervation, Shakejpeare, 

4. To know fully. Sbak!fpeare% 
To R£AD. v. «. 

1. To perform the aft of perufing writ- 
ing. Deuteronomy, 

1. To be ftudious in books, . Toykr, 
3. To know by reading. Swift, 

READ, partic'tp, a. Skilftil by rcadi!i|. 

REA'DING. /. [from read'] 

X. Study in books ^ pemfal of booki, 

±. Aje£hire; aptcleaioa. 

3. Publick recital. AMbr, 

4. Variation of copies. ' Arbtalnut,, 
READE'PTION. / [re and adeptus, LatJ 

Recovery 5 aft of regaining* Bacon* 

REA'DER. /. [from read,] 

5. One that perufes any thing wntten. 

Btn, JobnfoHn 

2. One ftudious in books. Drydeiu, 

3. Oife whofe office is to i^d prayers id 
chu rebel. Stotp, 

REA'DERSHIP. /. ffrom reader.] The 
office ot reading prayers. ' ^voifl, 

REA'DILY. ad^ [from re/ufy."] Expcdite^rj 
with little hindcrance or delay. South* 

REA'DINESS. /. [from ready,] 

I. Expeditenefs j promptitude. South, 
%. The ftatc of being ready or fit for any 
thing. Clarendon^ 

3. Facility J freedom from hinderancc or • 
9b0ruftion. ' H^dtr^ 

4. State ot being willing or prepared. 


READMI'SSION. /. [re and admifiin.] 
The a£t of admitting again. ArbutBnot, 

To READMl'T. v. «. [re and admit:\ To 
let in again. MBon. 

To READG'^N. <r. a. [re and adorn.] To 
decorate again ; to deck a -new. Btackmore, 

REA'DY. a. [redo, Swedifli 5 hjiate, nim- 
ble, Saxon.] 

1. Prompt J not delaying. Tempit* 

2. Fit for a purpo/e 3 not fo fctek. 


3. Prepared j accommodated to any de- 
ngn. M'JioHm 

4. Willing J pagcf, Spenfir. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

R E A 

R E A 

5. Being at the point; not djftiots near* 


6. ]fteint«(Mnd; next to liana* ^ryJ^, 

7. FacUj eafyi opportune | n6«r. 

S, Qgkk; not done with hditation. 

f. Expedite; nimble ; not embarraifed; 

not How. fyiaus, 

10. To Muike Ready. To make prtpara- 

tions. Aiarkm 

K£A^Y. ad. Readily ; To as not to need 

delay. tfunibers* 

REA'DV. /• Ready money. A low word. 


HEAFFI'RMANCE. /, Ire and affimance,] 

Second confirmation* «^'i^* 

RE'AL. a, [reel, French 5 reaUi, Latin.] 

I. Relating to things, not perloni| not 

peribnal. Batm. 

a. Not fi£titk)ul ; not imaginary ; true ; 

genuine. ^ ClamfiBe, 

5. In law, coAfiftIng of ^ings immove- 

abJe, as land. Chiy, 

KE'ALGAR./. A mineral. JBacgu. 

REA'UTY. f. [reatiti, French.] 

I. Truth; verity; what is, not what 

merely tctrfm, Aiit^Qn* 

a. Sonlething intrinfically important. 

tokl'ALJZE. V. a. [realifef, French.] 
l.To btihg into hdng Or i€t. 

%. To conY<6rt money into land, 

iLETALLy. a. Urovh real.] 
I. With a^hiafexiftence. S9Utb* 

ft. In truth ; truly ; not f^eibingly. ^outh, 
3. It is a flight corroboration of ^n opi- 
nion. Tmn^w 

KEALM. f, [roiaulme, French.] 
I. A kingdom ; a king^s dominion. 

a. Kingly governtnent. P^e, 

REAO-TY./. Loyalty. 

REAM./, [rame, Fr. ri«w, Dutch.] A 
bundle of paper containing twenty quires. 

ToUEA'NlMATE. v, a, [re aM an'mo, 
lat.] To revive j to reftore to life. 


ToTtEAt^OC ^v. a, {re and ^mmx.] To 
annex sgain. Bacpn, 

TpREAP. V, a, fp^pan, Saxon J 
1. To cut corn at harveft. Sbakfjp^are, 
ft. To gather ; to obtain. Hosier, 

To REAP, V, n. To harveft. Pfdlms, 

REA'PER. /. [fromrwf.] One that cut* 
corn athaivcft. ^and, 

REA'FINGHOOK. /. {reap'ii^ and hook.^ 
A hook uCed to cut corn in barvcft. 

REAH J /. . [arriere, FrenA,] 

t. The hinder troop ef an army, or die 

hinder line of a fltet. KkeJles. 

m. The laft claTs. Ptacbam^ 

REAR, a, [hjiejie, Saxon,] 

I. Raws halfroafted; half/bddcn. 

a. Early., A provincial word. Cajm 

To REAR. V. a. [apaejun, Saxon.] 

I. To raifc up. i Efdras. 

ft. To lift Of from a fiUL Sptnjgr. 

3. To move Upwards. J^titon. 

4. To bring up to matun^r* Bacon^ 
c. To educate 5 to inftrua. Southern, 

6. Toexak; to elevate. i'ritr,, 

7. To iioufe 5 to ftir up. Drydenm 
REA'RWARD./.^ [from nor,] 

I. The laft trOop. Sidmey. 

ft. Th« end ; the tail ; a train behind. 

J. The latter part. Sbak^^re, 

REA'RMOUSE. /. [hpepemur, Saxon. J 
The leather- winged bat. jihboi* 

To REASCE'ND. v. n, [re and afcend,\ 
To climb again. Spenfer. 

To REASCE'ND. v. #. To mount again. 


REA'SON. / Iratjon, French.] 

1, The power by which man deduces one 
propofition from another, or proceeds from 
preraifes to confequences. Milton, 

ft. Caufe; glbmid or pnnctple. TtUotfoa. 
3. C^ufe efficient. Hale, 

4« Final caufe. Udte, 

5. Argument ; ground of perfuafion ^ na- 
tive. ^ nUorfon^ 

6. Ratiocination ; difcuilive power. 


7. Uearnefs of faculties. Sbaktjpeare, 

8. Right; juftice. Spet^. 

9. Rea(bnable claim ; juft prance. 

10. Rationale ; juft account. £^/r. 

11. Moderation; moderate demands. 

To R^A'SON. V. «. [raifonner, French.] 
I. To argue rationally ; to doduce- confe* 
quences juftly from premiies. Locke, 

ft. To debate ; to difcourfe ; to talk ; to 
take or give an account. Sjbakefpeare, 

3. Toraife difquifitions ; to make enqot* 
ries. Milton^ 

To REA'SON. V. a* To e^umkie mtiot 
nally. Bumeu 

REA'SONABLE. a. [rai/o^, French.] 
I. Having tho laculty of reaiba ; endued 
with reafon. ^'^"^^ 

a. Ading, fpeaking or thinking rational.' 
ly. Hayward^ 

3. JoA; rational; agieeabk to veaton. 

' 4. Not immoderate. ^ Shaiefpeare, 

^. Tolerable; being in modiocrity. 

Sidney, Abhct^ 
: Jf^EA^-r 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

b: e b 


RHA'SONABLENESS./. [from reafonabli.'] 

I. The faculty of reafon. 

«. Agrceablenefs of reafon. Clarendon» 

■;.' Moderation. 
REA'SONABLY. ad, [from reajonable ] 

■ I, Agreeable to reafon. Dryden, 
a. Moderately j in a degree reaching to 
mediocrity. Bacon, 

REA'SONER./. [raifinneurfVr,} One who 

• reafons ; an arguer. Blackmore, 
REA'SONINO. /• [frotn reafon,] Argu- 

• ment. " Addtfon, 
REA'SONLESS. a, [from reajon.] Void of 

re^on. • Sbakdpeare, 

To kEASSE'MBLE. 'v, a, [re and ajfmbJe.J 

To collect anew. Milton, 

To REASSE'RT. v, a, [re and aferr.J To 

aflcrt anew. jitUrbury, 

l7o REASSU'ME. v. a. {teajfumo, Latin.] 

To refumc ; to take again. Denbam, 

To REASSU'RE. v. «. [rajfurer, Fr.] To 

free from fear j to reftore from terrour. 


REATE. /. A kind of long fmall graft 

- that grows in water^ and complicaus itfelf 

i together. Walton* 

To REAVE. 9, a, pret. reft, [|txpan» 

Saxon.] To take away by (le4]th or vio- 

• Icnce. Carew. 
To REBA'PTIZB. v. a, [relaptixer, Fr. re 

and ba/ftize.'} To baptize again. Ayljffe* 
REBAPTIZA'TION./. [reba^tifation, Fr.] 

Renewal of baptifm. Hooker, 

To REBATE, v. «. [rebattre, Fr.] To blunt; 

to beat to cbtufenefs ; to deprive of kef n- 

• nefs. Creech, 
RE'BECK. f, [nhec, Fr. ribecca, Italian.] 

■ A three llringed fiddle. Milton, 
RE'BEL./. [rebflle. Ft. rebelHs, Lat.] One 

' who oppofes lawful authority. 

Sbakefpeare. Fenton, 
To REBE'L. V. n. [rcbeilo, Lat.] To rife in 
oppofition againft lawful authority. 

REBE'LLER./. [from rebel.] One that rebels. 
REBE'LLION./ {rebellion^ French; rebel- 
lie ^ Latin ; from rebel.] Infurreftion a- 
gainft lawful authority, Milton, 

RB^E'LLIOUS. a, [from rebel,] Opponent 

• »to lawful authority. Deut, ix. 7, 
REBE'LLIOUSLY. tfrf. [from rebellious.] 

' In oppofjtion to lawful authority. Camden, 
. REBELLIOUSNESS. /. [from rebellious,] 

The quality of being rebellious. 
To REBE'LLOW. v. n, [re and bello^.] 

To bellow in return : to echo back a loud 

noife. Dryden, 

REBOA'TION./. [r^^oo, Latin.] There. 

turn of a loud bellowing found. 
To REBOU'ND. v. n, [rebondir, French; 

re and bound,] To ^ng back ; to be re- 

• verbeiated ; to fly back, m confequence of 

motion imprefled and refitted by a greater 

power. Navton, 

To REBOXT'ND. v. a. To reverberate j to 

beat back. i . Prior, 

REBOU'ND. /., (from the verb.] The aft 

of flying back in confequence of motion 

refiftcd J refilition. . Dryden, 

REBU'FF. /. [rebuffade, French; rebufo, 

Italian.] Repercuilion ; quick and fuddea 

refiftance. Milton, 

To REBU'FF. V. a. [from the noun.] To 

beat back; to oppofe with fudden vio* 

To REBUILD. -». a. [r^ and ^«//^.] To 

reedify ; to reftore from demolition ; lo 

REBU'Ki^BLE. tf. [fiom rebuke.] Worthy 

of reprehenfion. Sbakefpeare* 

To REBU'KE. v. a. [risboucber, French.] 

To chide ; to reprehend ; to reprefs by 

objurgation. Heb, xii, 15. 

REBlTKE. /. [from the verb.] 

1. Reprehenfion; chiding expreilion ; ob* 
jurgation. Pope, 

' 2. In low language it fignlfies any kini 
of check. VEfirdnge, 

REBU'KER. /. [from rebuke,] A chider; 
a reprehender. HofeCf v, 

RE'BUS. /. [nebus, Latin.^ A wordreprc- 
' fented by a pi^ure. ' Peacbam*, 

To REBUT, V, n, [rebuter, Fr.] To retire 
back. Spenfer, 

REBU'TTER,/. An anfwcr to a rejoinder. 

To REC A'LL. v. a. [re and call,] To caU 
back ; to call again ; to revoke. Hooker* 

RECA'LL. /. [from the verb.] Revoca- 
tion ; a€t or power of calling back, x 

To RECA'NT. v, a, [recanto, Latin.] To 
retra£l ; to recall ; to contradict what one 
has once faid or done. Smft, 

RECANTATION. /♦ [from recant.] He- 
tra£tation ; declaration contradi^ory to a 
former declaration^ "StilUngJleet, 

RECA'NTER. /, [froip recant.] ~Ofle who 
recants. Sbakefpeare, 

To RECAPITULATE, v. a. [recapituler. 
Fr.] to repeat again diftindlly ; to detail 
again. More, 

RECAPITULATION. /. [from recafitfi- 
late.] Detail repeated ; diftijift repetition 
of the principal points. South, 

RECAPITULATORY, a, [from recapitu- 
late.] Repeating again. 

To RECA'RR Y. v, a, [re and carry.] To 
carry back. ff^alton* 

To RECE'DE. v. «. [recedo, Latin.] 
• I. To fail back J to retreat. Bentley, 

2. To defift. Clarendi* 
RECEI'PT./. [receptunty Latm.] 

1. The,a£t of receiving. Wifemann 

a» The place of receiving. MaitbevJ* 

3. A 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



. 3. A BOte ^n, by whkh money W ac- 
knowledged to have been receited. 

4. Reception; admiflioD, Hooker, 
c. Receptiom; welcome. Sidtuyt 

5. Prefcription of ingredients for any cem- 
pofition. 8b4iktjpeare» 

RECEKVABLE. fl. [from rtcehoe,] Capa- 
ble 0/ being received. 

To RECE'JVE. vl a.[recevolr, Fr. rectpk^ 

2. To take or obtain any thing as due* 

!k To talt!e or obtan fiom^another. 


3. To take any thing communicated. 

4* To tmbracc inteUeaually. Locke, 

5. To allow. Hooker, 

6. To admit. Pfakts* Waits, 

7. To take as into ar veflel. JiSs, 

8. To take into a place or ftate. . Mark, 

9. To conceive in the mind ; to take in- 
telleftually. Sbakefpeare, 

10. To entertain as a gueft. Milton, 
RECEI'VEDNBSS. /. [from received.] Ge- 

neral allowance. Beyle, 

RECEl'VER./, [rerevrai-, French.] 

z. One to whom any thing is communi- 
cated by another. Donne, 
s. One td whom any thing is giyen or 
paid. Spratt, 
3» One who partakes of the bleflbd facra- 
ment. ' Taylor, 

4. One who cooperates with a robber^ by 
taking the goods which he fttfals* 


5. Thc'tcflel into which fpirits are emitted 
Rom the ftiU. / BlacktHore, 
6* The veiTel of the air pump, out of 
which the air is drawn, and which there- 
fore receives any body on which experi- 
ments ^re tried. Bentley, 

To RECE'LEBRATE. v. a, [renMcele- 
Brate*} To celebrate anew. Ben. Johnfon, 
RFCENCY./. Irecens, Lat.] Ncwnefs 5 
^ new ftate. Jf^lfeman, 

RECE'NSION. /. [recefifio, Lat'.] Enume- 
ration 5 review. Evelyn, 
RE'CENT. a. [recent^ Latin.] 
t. New J not of long exiftence, 


X, Late $ not antique* . Bacon, 

3. Frefli J not long difmiflcd from. Pcpe, 

RE'CENTLY. ad^ [from recent.] Newly; 

• frcflily. Arhuthnot, 

RECE'NTNESS. /. [from recm.\ New- 

nefs ; fre/hnefs. HaU» 

RECEIPT ACLE. /. [receptaculum, Latin.] 

. A vef^el or place into which any thing is 

received. Spenjer, 

RECEPTIBFLITY. /. [receptus, Latin.] 

Foffibility of receiving. Claniulle, 

TtrCEPTARY; f, [receptus, Lat.] Thing 
received. Brown, 

RECE^PTION. /. {receptus, Lat.J 

1. The aft of receiving. Srpwe» 

2. The ftate of being received. 

3. Admiffionof anything communicated:. 


4. Readmiflion. Mikon. 

5. The a^ of containing. Add'tfoeu 

6. Treatment at firft coming; welcome; 
entertainment. Hammond. 

7. Opinion generally admitted. I^c Aiw 

8. Recovery. Bacons 
RECE^PTIVE. a, [receptus, Lat.] Having 

the quality of admitting what is coromu« 
nicated. Glanonlle. 

RE'CEPTORY. a, [receptus, Lat.] Gene- 
nerally or popularly admitted. Bro^n^ 

RECE'SS. /. [receffus, Latin.] 

1. Retirement 3 retreat} withdrawing { 
feceffion. Prior. 

2. Departure. Glanville. 

3. Place of retirement^ place of fecrecy'; 
private abo^e< MUtom* 

4. Perhaps an abftraA. 

5. Departure into privacy. Mtltoiu 

6. Remiflion or fufpenilon of any proce- 
dure. Bacon. 

. 7. Removal to diftance. Brown. 

8. Privacy 5 fecrecy of abode* Drydeti. 

9* Secret part. Hammond. 

KECE'SSKm^J, [receffto, Latin.] The aft 

of retreating. 
To RECHA'NGE. v, a, [recbatigfr, Fr.] 

To change again. Drydenm 

To RECHA'RGE. v, a [recbarger, Fr.] 

1. To accufe in return. Hooker. 

2. To attack anew. Dryden. 
RECHEA'T. /. Among hunter*, a JclToa 

which the buntfman winds on the horn, 

when the hounds have k>ft their game. 

RECIDIVA'TION. /. [recidivus, Latin.] 

Backfliding; falling again. Hammond. 

RECIDI'VOUS. a, [recidivus, Lat.] Sub- 

jeA to fall again. 
RE'CIPE./. [recipe, Litin,] A medical prc- 

fcription. Suckling. 

RECIPIENT. /. [recipiens, Latin.] 

1, The receiver ; that to which any thing 
is communicated^ Glanville. 

2. The veflel into which fpirits are driven 
by the ftil). Decay of Piety, 

RECIPROCAL. 41. [redprocut, Latin.] 

1. Afting in viciflitude 5 alternate. MUt, 

2. Mutual ; done by each to each. 


3. Mutually interchangeable* H^atts. 

4. Reciprocal proportion is, when, in fo»ir 
numbers, the fourth number is fo much 
lefTer than the fccond, as the third is 
greater than the firft, and vice verta. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 


R B C 

HECI'PROCAIXY. €<t. [teta ft^fmL'i 

Mutually; interchangeably. Jtkmnon,- 
RECI'PROCALNESSw/. [frwa ncifracsk} 
Motual return I al^erstttoneis. 

Dftajf <f Kety. 
To KECFPROCATE. ^. «. [rmpncus, 
|«ttin.] To ad interchangeabiy $ to alter- 
nate. Smuel. 
KWSIPROCA'TION, /. [rtc'^nuthy Irom 
nvi^raraf, l4tia.] A^tfcnafttaj adioAin- 
tercbtnged. Simvn. 
E£CrSION. /. [rgiiffat^ Utiii.} The ad 

of cutting off. 
RECI'TAL./. [htmrefke.J 

1. Repetittoo; rebeaiiaU /UHfin* 

%. Enumeration. Prior, 

EECITATIOK./. [from reeiu.} Rcpeti- 

tied.; reheat^* Jfhmmnd, 

RE'CIT ATIVI. ? /. [ftw» <tc£ir.] A kkd 

RBCITATI'VO. S of tuffit) f Mn««cia. 

tx«n, more mufical than commoa fpeech, 

and l«fs than fong ; chauQt. Vr^en, 

Ta RBCFTJt. v. 4. [w»i^, Latin-] Tf re- 

. baarfe } to repeat ; to entunffate $ t« tell 

< over. ^d£fon, 

RJtCl'TE./. Rfcital. 5r<rar//tf. 

To RECK. -v. «• [i)ec«n^Sa«on*] 7p care ^ 

to heed } to mind j to rate at much« 

Spiiffir, Miftoti, 
.To RECK. IX. >. ToImo^I t9 Mce/ox* 

RE/CKLESS. A [|i»€(ale9j:, $a»MiO <^*m- 

lefs; heedlefs; mindlefs. 8Ms^,Com!tf. 
lUrcjKiJtJWESS./. [fromrac*.] Qn^ki- 

iic6 5 negligence. ^i^^f. 

To RE'CKON. nu tu {pocOOit Uun^l 

1. To number } toooviit:. Crajbaw, 

2. To efteem ; to aoc«H»t. Hooker, 

3. To affign ia am aicouAt». Mm*m, 
To-RE'CKOW. V. M. 

1. Te caflo^te $ to aakvlalc. Mbfin. 
2* To ^te an account. Shakef^eare, 

3. To dtaMff t^ a^ouBt. J!r«. Jobi^tH. 
4* To pay a i>eMltyk Satnitrfon, 

5. To call to pimfluxieiit. ' TViMifim, 

6. To lay ftrei*s or depeadaoce iipoa. 

RE'CKONER./. [from reckon,] One who 
computes; one who cakulates fioft, ' 

RE«CIW)NING. /. ffrom rarfoi.] 
*!t. Compuittlaori ; calcolotioila 
%, Accoimt of time. Bmdyu 

^ AcGDuntt oC 4cbtaf and ctaditer. . 


4. Money charged ^ an ko^ Sbthefff^re, 

5. Account taken. 2 Kings, 
if Ef^eem: accoont; ^Kfoataon. JJcpker, 

To RECLAIM, v. «, [rrr^Mw, Latin.} 
1. To reftitrm ; to conrod* firatvn, 

ft. [Rgclimr, f f.] To i«dttcc to the ftate 

4. To tame. Dryfleitp 
ToR^CLI^E.v. tf. T'^^fiSfjK^ Latin.] To 
, kao back ; to leaa fidcwife. AdMn. 
ToRI€LrNR« V. m Ton^^.to tepo/ei 

RiCLI'NB. #, IrnBaii^ Laftiii.} In 4 lam- 
ing pofture. Mikon, 
T#REQI.cySS« ^, du [i« ajid eJtfcl 7b 

clofe again. iW. 

To RBCLU^£». VI o. [rw^ladb^ Latin.] To 

•pan* Uirvey, 

R£CLV^ft£« #. [t^t&i. Fa. f«^>» Ut] 

Shwtup; retired. Decay of Piety, 

RECOACULA'TIOIff. y; SffCODd cosuuU- 

tf«n. ^Mi^. 

RECOGNISANCE./. [m«^4Wf>Fr.] 

I. Acknowledgment of p<d& or thij^. 
, %* Rtl^. Hdti^Wr.. ^b^ke^re, 

5. A bond of rtford trfiifying the rocog* 
nifor to tmt «pto the racogaifet a cotain 
fam of pn^aigr ftckapuMsBd ia fome court 
of fccvn). Ctifoel, 

ToRflCOGNWl. 11.4* CrW^TTf^, UtJ 

1. Toackiiowhaii^e^ toHmjex an4 tvor 
knowledge of any perTop or thing. Drfth,. 

2. To fftiAv ; t0 aaax^min^ Sm^» 
%KQQHiSW.A &em whole fjiyfur the 

hojid is drawii. 
RECO^OKJ^MR. /. Hti«hQgif«athf».re. 

UMCQQVfTlOV.f.{rHt^nk{ih MJn.] 

!• Review 3 renovation of know]||j^. 

2. Kn«wleidie confairQ^- <?ifw» 
5. Acknowledgment. ^000. , 

To RECOFL. V. n, [«^/<fr, F««n4.] . 
I. To ruih back in conf^^qciue.or fc^« 
aiice. M)lfMt 

ft. To fall back. AiN^^ 

3- To fait ( to Arkk^ Si4k]^e. 

To RECOI'N. V. tf. [« aA4 <#Jir»J T?jioia 
overa^tn. ^^* 

jRECOIIirAGE. /. C^r ftiid o' Wr J The 
aa^jf^oiaing^npiir. #a«a|. 

ToRECOLLE'CT. irecoMmy Ut.J 
I. To recover to ftMiliQi/, ^ I^W«# 
ft. To recover reafon or j»fi»li»ii<)n# ./V)'^* 

3. To gath^ what;i«iCM(tg«4> to gattut 
again* %i^« 

RECOLLE'CTION./. [from rt«(W?.] Re- 
covery of notion ; ffmal 4« t|ia mfvtttj* 

To RECCKMf ORT. ^. tf. [r* and £QJij^ j 
X. To comfort or confole again. Siinq* 
ft. To five new ftteiuth* BmoiU 

ToREGOMME'NCE. V. tf. [rfc<0mmir^ 
French.] To begin apcw. 

To RECOMMEND, w. ii^ \rt(mm»ieri 

I. To iHrai^ to aoothiar. 
a. To make acceptable* Dtyien^ 

4 3«T« 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

k E c 

j. Te commit with prayfcrt. Asiu 

RECOMME'NDABLE. <i, [recommendable, 
French.] Worthy of Jrecdrnmendation or 
praife. GianvilU. 

RECOMMEWDAmON, /. [recommenda- 
t'ton, French.] 

• X* The aft of recommending. 
2. That which fecures to one a kind recep- 
tion from another. Drydin, 

R«COMME'NDATORY. a. [from r«ww- 
wwJ.J Th^t which commends to another, 
... . Stuift, 

RBCfOMME'NDER. /. [from recmmend,'^ 
One who recommends. Atttrbury. 

To RECOMMIT, v, a. {re^nAcmmit\ 
To commit anew. - Clarendon, 

Tt> RECOMP A'CT. v. a, \t€ and compaa,'] 
To join anew. Donne, 

To RECOMPE'NSE. v. rf. [recomf,enfer, 

1. To repay j to requite, 2 Chron, 

1. To give in requital, Romans. 

3. To compenfate; to make up by fome- 
thing cquivaknt, KnoUes, 

4. To redeem; topayf^r. Numbers, 
RE'COMPENSE. /. [reccmpenje, French.] 

Equivalent; compenmion. , Clarendon, 

RECOJVlPiaEMENT, /. [re and compile^ 

ment.] New compilemcnt. Bacon, 

TaRECOMPO'SE. v,a, [recmpofer, Fr.] 

I. To fettle or quiet anew, Taylor, 

. 1, To form or adjuft anew, Boyie, 

RECOMPOSI'TJOK. /. Compofition re. 

' newed. 

To RECONCILE, v. ^. [recofJci/Ur, Fr.] 

I. To make to like again. Shakefpeare, 

». To make to be liked again. Clarendon, 

• 3. To make any thing confiftent. Locke, 

4. To reftore to favour. Exek'iel, 

REC0NC1'£.EABLE. a. [reconci liable, Fr.] 

1. Capable of renewed kindnefs. 

2. Confiftent'j pofljble to be made confift- 
cnt- Hammond, 

RECONCIXEABLENESS. /. [from recon- 


I. CenUftence; poflibility to be reconciled. 

«. Dlfpofition to renew love. 
RECOMCI'LEMENT. /, [from reconcile.} 

t. Reconciliation ^ renewal of kindnefs ; 

favour rcftored. Milton, 

t' Friendihip renewed, Hicbsey, 

RECONCI'LER. /. [from reconcile,'] 

I. Oije who renews friendihip between 


t. On* who difcovers the confidence bew 

tween propofirions. JVorris, 

RECONClLlATiON./. [rctonciliatio, Lat.] 

1. Renewal of friendihip. 

2. A^reenienc of tiungs feemingly oppo- 
fite, " Rogers, 
|. Atonement ; expiation, Hebrews, 

Vol. II. 

R £ C 

To RECONDE'NSfi. iv,a, fr^and ccndenfeA 
To condenfe anew, 

RECO'NDITE. a, [recondttus^ tat.J Se- 
cret 5 profound ; abftrufe. Fehon* 

To RECONDU^CT, v. a, [riconduit, Fr.j 
To condu^ agiin. 

To RECONJOl'N. v. a, [re zn^ conjoin. 1 
To join anew. Boyle, 

To RECO^NQUER. tr. a, [reccnjuerlr, Fr.j 
To conquer again. Davies^ 

To RECO'NSECRATE. t/. a, [rrandrpp- 
fecrate.l To confecrate anew. -Aylike. 

ToRECONVE'NE. -o, a. [re und convene. 1 
To aflemble anew. Qlargnd^n^ 

To RECONVE'Y. «. a. [re and con-vey.! 
To convey again, ' Denbam, 

To RECO'RD. V. a, [reccrdor, Latin.] 
I. To regifter any thing, fo that its me- 
mory may not be loft. Sb^kejpeare» 
%. To celebrate 5 to caufc to l>e remembered 
folemnly. Fairf^Jc. 

RECO'RD. /. [record, French.] Re^iftcrj 
authentick memorial. . SM^peare. 

RECORDa'TION, /. [recordatio, Latin.J 
R emcmbrance, Shakefpeare^ 

RECO'RDER. /. •'^ 

!• One whofe bufinefs i| to rcf ifter any 
events. pi^„g^ 

%. The keeper of the rolls in a city, Siviftti 
3. A kind of flute; a wind inftrument. 


To RECOU'CH. 'V, n, [re and couck 1 T« 

lie down again. mtton^ 

To RECO'VER. -v. a. [reconvrfr, French.! 

. I. To reftofcfro.m ficknefs or difordey. 

. ^idney^ 

%, To repair. Jlogers, 

3. To regain. . • Knolles„ 

4. Toreieafe. « . '2 T/w, 

5. To attain ; to reach ; to come up to, 


To RECO'VER. V. «. To grow well from 
a diJeafe. miton^ 

RECO'VERABLE, a. [fecouvrable, Fr.j 
1. Poflible to bcreftored from fjcknefs. 
a. Pofl.ble to be regained. Clar^ndon'^ 

RECO/VERY. /. [from recmjer,} 

1. Reftoration from ficknefs. Tayhr, 

%. Power or aft of regaining, Shakefpeare. 
3. The aft of cutting off an entail. Sbakcfp, 

To RECOUNT, a;, a. [reconfer, Frencfi.] 
To rejate in detail ; to tell diftinftly. 


RECOU'NTMENT./. [from recound Re- 
lation ; recital. bhakejpiar^. 

RECOU RED, for Recovered. 

RECOU/RSE. /. [recurjus, Latin.] 

1. Frequent paflTage. SMffpeaie, 

z. Return; new attaclr. krcti,in, 

3. Application^ as for help or protefiion. 


4. Accefs. . Shakefpeare. 

5 H RE'. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

R E C 

R,E D 

I^fCREANT. €, [recnant, French.] 

1. Cowardly ; meanrpirited j fubdued ; 
crying out for iDcrcy, Spenfer. 

2. Apoftatej falfe;. Milton, 
TJo RE'CREAXE. v. a, [recreo, Latin.] 

1, To refrcfli after toil j to amufe or di- 
vert in wearincfs, Taylor, DryJen, 

2, To delight 5 to gratify. More, 

3, To relieve 5 to revive. Harvey, 
RECR.E A'TION. / [from recreate,} 

1. Relief af^er tpil -of pain j amufementin 
forrow or diftrefs. S'ldoeyr 

2. Refroibment 5 ampfement ) dlverfion. 

. ' Holder. 

KE'CREATIVB* 4f F/'om recreau,] Re- 
freshing; giving pelief aft;:r labour or pain ; 
amufing; diverting. Taylor, 

RE'CREATlVEN^IiS./. [from recreative^] 
' The quality of being recreative. 

KE'CREMENT. /. [recrepunturttf Latin.] 
Drofs ; fpume ^ fuperiiuous or ufe^efs parts. 


RECREME'NTAL. 7 a, [from rtcre^ 


T^RECRl'MlNATEi v, n, [re and fri«i- 
nor, Latin.] To return one accufation with 
another. St'iU'tngJleef, 

To RECRFMINATE. v. a. To accufe in 
return. South, 

R^ECRIMINA'TION./ [recrimination^ Jr,} 
.Return of one accufation with another, 

Govtrnment of the Tongue* 

RECRIMINA'TOR. /. [from recriminate.] 
He that returns one charge with another, 

RECRUDE'SCENT. a. [recrudefcem, LatJ 
Growing painful or violent again. 

To RECRUi'T. V, a, [recruter, FrenchJ 
']. To repair any thing wafl8U by new fup- 
plics^ Dryden, Newtou, 

a. To fupply an army wit|i new men, 

, Clarendon^ 

Tp RECRUIT, V, n. To raife new foU 
diers. Addijon, 

REpRU^T./. [from the verb ] 

1. Supply of any thing wafted. Ciarendoif, 

2. New Toldiers. Dryden. 
RECTA'NGLE./. [reBangUy Fr. reBangu^ 

lus, Latin;] A figure which ha$oneang]e 

or more of ninety degrees. Lockt, 

ilECTA'NGULAR. a, [rcftus and angtt- 

luSf L.atin.J Right angled \ having angles 

of ninety degrees. JVottor. 

RECTA'NGULARLY. //</. [from reaan- 

' gu/ar.] With right angles. Brovan, 

RE^CTIFIABLE. a. [from reSIify.] Ca- 

pable to be fet right. Brown, 

RECTIFICA'TION. /. [reaif cation, Fr.] 

X. The ad of fetting right what is wrong. 


,2. In chymifiry, re£iif cation is drawing any 
r thijig over again by diftillation, to make it 

yet higher or Aner. S^incy. 

To RE'CTIf y. V. B. [reaifer, French.] 

X. To make ri^^ht y to reform ; to redreic* 

"" 2. To exalt and i^rove by i^peatcd dil- 
ution. Graif, 

RECTILI'NEAR. 7 a, [reB^ and Hm, 

RECTIU'NEdUS.J Latin.] Copfiftiqs 
of right lines, Nefvtff^ 

RE'CTITUDE./. [reBitude^ Ffcncji.]: 
I,. Straightncfs 5 not'curv^ty, 
2. Rigbtnefs^ uprightneitj freiedom from 
moral curvity or obliquity, Kiwg Cbsrlef% 

RECTOR,/, [reatur, French.] 

1. Ruler J lord} gov^piour, J^^. 

2. Parfon of an unimpropriated pariilv 
R,E'CT0RSH1P. /. lreaorat,Fu ftomrth. 

tor.] The rank or office of le^r. 

' SJ^JkiJputre, 

RE'CTOkV. /. [from reaor.] A re£f^ 
or parfonage i^ a, fpiritoal living, co«po(ed 
of land, tithe and other oblations of the 
people, feparate or dedicated to Cod in a«y 
congregation for the fervicp. of hii church 
there, and for the maintenance «£ the oH- 
nifter thei'eof. Spelm$f, 

RECUBA'TION. /. Iriculfo, Ladn,] The 
aft of lying or leaning. Stovnt, . 

RECU'LE, for Rixoil, [rnuler, French*] 

RECU'MBENCY. /. [from rtcun^t.] 
X. The poilure of lying or leaning. Brovm* 
2, Reft; rcpofe;. LeiU^ 

RECU'MBENT. a. [recuwktnt^ Latin.] ly- 
ingj leaning. Arhtbnvi* 

Tq RECU'R, V, n, [rfourro^ Latins] 

1. To come back to the thought j to revive 
, in the mind, ^ Caltmp 

2. [RecourJr, Fr.] To hate reo^urfe to ; 
to take rcftigc in. Lockt, 

To RECU'RE. V, a. [re and awi,] To re. 

cover from iicknefs or labour, Sfenfir* 

R^CU'RE./. Recovery; remedy. Knlin.. 
RECU>RRENCE. 7 /. [from ruurrent.] 
RECU'RRENCy.5 Return, Bnm$. 

RECU'RRENT. a. [recurrent, Fr. recurrm, 

Latin.] Returning from time to time.. 
RECU'RSION.J. [reeur/ttf, Latb.] Return 

. Soyk, 
RECUR VA'TION. •> /. [recurve, Latriiw] 
RECU'RVITY. J Flexure backward. 

R^CU'RVOUS. a, [recurvus, Latin.] B^ 

backwards. Dertam, 

RECU'SA^iT. /. (recufiifis, Latin.] Que 

that refuft^s any terms .of cpmYnunion.or 

fociety. Cl^tniot* 

Tp RECU'S]^. V, «, [rea/o, Latin,] To r«- 

fufe. A juridical word.. ^gh* 

R,ED, a. [jieb, Sa/cn; ri&/w/, Welfli.J Of. 

*the colour of blood, of one of the primitiyc 

Colours. l^ewtMt 

To REDA'RGUE. v. a, [redarguo, Latin.] 

To refute. HaknvlU, 

RE'DBERRIED /Z»r«^. caJHa* /, A plv^- 
■ "RE'D. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



WOTREAST,/. AfmallMrf, (b harttd 

fr<mi the colour of its breaft, Tbomfon. 
UEiXlOAT./. A name of contempt for a 

foldipr. Z>rytfff. 

To RE'DDEN. v. «. [from rft/.] To make 

red, Dryden, 

To R?'D|>^. -». «. To grow red. P<^e. 
Rf OPDrSHNESS. /. [from rtddijh,} Ten- 
, dei?<^ to r«dneft, . Bo^Ie, 

REDDI'tlON. /. [from redd*, Latin.] Re- 

ftitutioB. . . Uowel. 

ILE'DDITJVE. a, Iredditivus, Latin.] An- 

fworing to. an intetr^gativc. 
RE'bDLE./. A fort of mineral of the metal 

Jund» of a toJemWy clofe and even tfcxturfe : 

RB'DNESS.;^ [from red,] The quality-of 
being red. Sbaktjptare. 

REn>OLENCE. 7 /. f from r^^ofer.r.] tweet 

RE^OLENCY. J . fcent. Boyle, 

RE'DOLENT. a. [redolent^ Lsttta.] Sweet 
of foent. Sandys, 

To REDOU'BLE. <». a, [rrAtt^/pr, French.] 
I, To repeat often. ' Spenjer, 

%, To encreafc by addition of the fame 
qoantity over and o^er. Add'tf^n, 

To REDOU'BLE. v. «. To become twice 
as much. Addifon, 

R1EDOU BT. /. fredoitte, Fr. rido'tta, Ita^.] 
The outwork'of a fortification j a fortrefs, 


itisfoft and un&uous to the touch, renlark-^ REDOU'BTABLE. a, IrethubtUbfe, FVen.] 

tbly beftvyy and iti €0ldttr Of i fine flodd, 
though not very deep red. H;7/. 

REDE./. [jve'D> Saxon.] Couhfelj advice. 

To REDE. v. tf. [jiartwn, Saxon.] To ii- 
vife* . S^njer. 

To REDEE'M. «. tf. [redimQ^ Latin.] 
1 . To ranibm ; to relieve from any thing 
ty paying a price. Ruth, 

». To relcuej to recover. Slakefpeare, 
3. To recompenfej to compenfate; to 
make amends for. SBahfpeitre, . 

4« To pay an atonement. Shake^are, 

c. Tofave the world from thecurfe of fin, 

REDEEMABLE. /. [irom redeem.] Ca- 

psiblfc of redemption. 
REPEE'MABLENESa. /. [from redeem- 

ahle,\ The date of being redeemable. 
.REDEt'MER. /. [from redeem.] 

I. One who ranfoms or redeems. Spenpr, 

t^ The Saviour of the^orld. Sb^ejffare. 

To REDELIVER, v, a. {reAnddeii-ver.] 

To deUver back. , Aylife, 

RIDEU'VERY. /. ((rom redelii/er.] The 

aft of delivering back. 
ToREDEMA'ND. v. a. {redman^tr, Fr] 

To demand back. Addijon, 

^EDE'MPTION./. [redemptiort,¥t, red'emp- 

tio, Latin.] 

1. Ranfom; releafe, Milton. 

%. Purchafd of God's favour by the death 

of Chrift. Sbakefpeare. 

REDE'MptORY, a. [ixomredctaptus^LTit:] 

Paid for rartfom. Chapman, 

RE'IWIOT. 0, [rtd and hot.] Heated to red- 

ne(j. Bacon. Newton. 

REDI'NTEGRATE. a. [redintegratuSy Lat.] 

Reft^rtd j renewed ; mide new. Bac6n. 
REDINTEGRA'TION. /. [from redinte- 


I. Renovation ; reftorition. D. of Piety. 

^. Redhtegfation, chymifts call the rcftor 

Formidable ; terrible to foes. Pope. 

REDOU'BTED. a. [redoubt/, Fr.] Dread ; 

awful J formiviable. Spenfer„ 

To REDOU'ND. v. n. [redundoy Latin.] 

1. To be fent back by readlion. A^lton. 

a. To conduce 'n the confcquence. Adtif. 

3. To fiall in the confcquence. Add'ifon, 
To RFDRE'SS. <;. a. [redreffer, French.] 

li To fet right} to amend. Miiton, 

a. To relieve ; to remedy ; to eafe, SidHty, 
REDRE'SS./. ffrom the verb.] 

1. Reformation ; amendment. Honker. 

2. Relief $ remedy; Bacon. 

3. One wfjopves relief. Dry den, 
REDRE'SSIVE. a. Succouring; atFordtng 

remedy. Th(mifon. 

To REDSEA'R. v. *f. IF iron be too hot, 
it will red/ear, that is, break undcf tl\e 
hammer, Afoxon, 

KWVSHA'tJK. f. [red And /bank.] A bird. 

RE'DSTREAK. /. [red znd ftreak.] 

1, An apple 5 cvder froit. , Mortfmer, 

2. Cyder prefTecTfrom the redftreak. Smith. 
To REDU'CE. 'V. a, [redueo, Latin.] 

1. To bring back. Sbake^are* 

t. To bring to the fbrmcr ftate. Mrltdn. 
3; To reform from any diforder. • tlarcnd,, 

4. To bring into any ftate df dimin6tioff. 


5. To degrade ;-to impair in dignitf . fTi/lof, 

6. To bring into any ftate of mifcry or 
meannefs. Arbittbnot, 

7. To fubdue. Miiton, 
%. To bring into any ftite more within 
reach or power. 

9. To reclaim to ofdfer. . Miltth, 

. 10. TO fiibjeft to a rule 5 to bring rrito a 


REDU'CEMENt. /. Thfc aft of bringing 

. back 5 fubduing, reforming or diminiiliing. 

f Bttcon^ 

REDU'CER./. [from reduce.] Ohe that re- 


ing any mixed body or matter, whofe forfti REDU'CIBLE. tf. [from reduce.] PofflbJt 
has been deftroyed, to its former nature to be reduced. South, 

and c^ftitution. Beyle. REDU'CIBLENESS. - |. [from reducible,] 

Rfi'&LEAP^/.Lrf^^aod/^^^/.J Minium, JPw, Quality of being reducible. P 

5 H a 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 


R E F 

JRJtDU^CTION, /. [redumov, French.] 
I. The aft of reducing. Hale, 

%, In arilbmfitick, redu^ion brings two or 
inore numbers of difTerent denominations 
Into cn^ denomination* 

|IE0U'CTIVE. a. [reduaif, French.] Hav- 
ing' the ppwer of reducing, Bale, 

REDU'CTIVELY. ad. By rcduaionj by 
confe^iKnce^ . Hamptond, 

BEDU'NDANCE. 7 /, [ndundamia, Lat.] 

REDU'NDA^CY. J Superfluity j fupitr- 
abundance. Bflcsn, 

REDP^NPANT. a. Iredufidans, Latin.] 
|. Supcrabpnd^t | exuberant j fuperHu- 
Ou$. jirbutbnot, 

%. Ufing mere 'words or unages than are 
ufcful. JVatts. 

HEDU'NDANTLY. ad. [from redundant.] 
Superfluouflyj fuperabundantly. 

To REDU'PLICATB. v. ^. Ir^znidufli- 
cgtei'] To double. 

REDUPLICA'TION./. [Uomred^pneate.'] 
The aft of doubling. I^igh* 

JIEDU'HLICATIVE. 4. [rfidtflicatif, tr,] 
Double. fTatts, 

RE'DWIVG./, A bird. 

To REE. "J. 4. To rjd41e j to fift. 


To R^E^CHO. V. «. {re and ecfto,] To 
echo back. . Pope, 

REE'pHy. |i. [from re^^,] Sjnoky; footy j 
tanficd. Shakejpeare, 

f.lE.lLD,/. [peo't, Saxon; r'ted, German.] 
1. An hollow kno^cd ftalk, which grows 
in wet grounds. Raleigh, 

«, A fmall pipe. Sbakeffreare, 

3. An arrow. Prior, 

Tp REEDIFY. V. a. To rebuild; to build 
again. " Shake/pear e, 

I^EE'DLESS. 0, [from '•f^f/.] Peing with- 
pat r<^W«. May, 

pEE'DY. tf. [from rfed.'^ Abounding with 
reedf. fHacimore, 

IIEEK. /. [pec, Saxon.] 

1.- Smoke J ftcam ; vapour. Sbakefpeure, 
a» A pile of corn or hay. Mortimer, 

To REE|^. -t{, », [pt^an, Saxon.] To 
fmok^; to fleam ; to emit vapour. 


REE'KY^ a^ [fromreekJ] Smoky} taunedj 
biack.> Sbakcfpeare, 

|l££L. / [p^l, Saxon.] A turning frame 
upon whiph y^i) 19 wpupd into ik^in^ from 
the' fpindlc, 
. To REEL. V- «. (frqm the noiin.] To gsj- 
ther yarn off ih^ fpipdlc. Iff^tlkim, 

^^0 REEL. V. n, [roilen, Dutch; ragla^ 
Swed.] TPilagger; tp inpline in walkitlgj 
firft to one fide and then to the other. 

Sl?akefpea^e, Sandys, 

^f ELE'CTIOl^; /. Ire and "tUa'm.] Re- 
|>eai^4cJeCl^i^. • "^Ifi/f? 

ToREENA'CT. v. n.^rt zxkA eHaa.l Td 

ena^ aHew. J$rkutim9t, 

To REENFO'RCE. Vt a, [re and enforce^} 

To flrengthen with new affiftance. Coltter, 
REENFO'RCEM^NT. /. [« and tnfone- 

mint,] Frefh affiflance. H^ard, 

To REENJO'Y. v. d, {re end «i»/^.] to 

enjoy anew or a fscond tioae* i'^j^. 

To REE'NTER. <». «. [« and orfrnj To 

enter again; to entec^ew.' ^ Mih^. 
To REENTHRO'NE. v. 41. To replare in 

a throne. Boutberne, 

REE'NTRANCE./. [r« and «ii^rtfnf<'. J The 

a£l of entering again. Glamnie, 

REE^RMOUSE,/. rbpepemuj-, Saxon. J A 

To REE'STABLISH. ^. a, [re itnieftMJh.] 

To eflablifh anew. Swwiridge. 

REESTA'BLISHER. /. [frem reefiahUj^} 

One that ree/lablifhes. 
REESTA'BLISHMENIT. /. [from reefla^ 
. ^lifi. j The aa of reeflablifbing ; the ftate 

of being rseflablifhed ; reiburatton* Addif^ 
REEV£./. [jepepa, Saxon.] A fteward, 

To REEXA'MINE. v. a.\re aad examm.] 

To eiTamine anew.. Ho^ktr, 

ToREpE'CT. V. a. [refiaus, Latin.] To 

rcfrefh ; to reftorc after hunger or fatigue. 

REFE'CTION./. [refeaio, Latin.] Refrcft- 

ment after hunger or fatigue. Siui, 

REFE'CTORY. /. [refe^ire^ Fr,] Room 

of refrefliment ; eatiiig room. Drydm, 
To REFE'L. V. a, [refeUo, Latin.] To re- 
fute ; to rcprefs. Ben. Johnjom 
ToREFE'R. V. a, [refero, Latin.] . 

J, To difmifs for iptormation or judgment. 


i|. To betake for d^cifion. Sbakefpeare^ 

3. . To reduce to, 2^ to the ultimate end.- 


4. To reduce, as to a clafs. Bej^, 

Tp REFE'R. v, n. To refpea ; to have re- 
lation. Burnet, 
REFEREE'./, [from r^fr,] One to whom 

any thing is referred. VEpangt. 

RE^FERENGE. /. [from refer,] 

I. Relation; refpea j view towards; al- 

lufion Jo. ' Baieigb. 

«, Difmiffion to another tribunal, invift, 
REFERENDARY. /. [rfferendnH Latin-] 

One tp whofe decifion any thing is referrcii* 

To REFERME'NT. -v. a, [k^ Sin6 ferment,] 

To ferment anew. BlackmtH, 

REFE'RRIBLE; a, [from refer,] Capable of 

being confiderc^ as in rektioa tofbire- 

thing elfe. Br^ua* 

ToREFKNE. V, tf. [raffifier, French,] , 

|. To purify ; to clear from drofs and re- 
crement, ' / ' ^„^, 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


«. To «ak€ elegant* tdpoliA. Peacbam, 

'. r. To improve in point of accotacy or de- 
litaty. Dryien. 

a. To grow pure. AUliJhn, 

3 . To affci^ nicety. Atterbury, 

KEFVUEDLY, ad. [firom r£/?«<r.] With 
ariWled clegarttc. Dryden% 

REFI^NSMENT./. ffi^m ^*/»*.] 
J. The aft ^f purifying, by clearing any 
thing from drofs. Norrfs, 

a. laftprovenneat io elegance or purity. 


5. Artifieial praftice. Rogers, 

4. Affection ©f elegant improvenient, ^ 


EBFl'NER, /, [from refine,'] 

1. Porifier } one who clears from drofs or 
recrement. Bacon, 

2. Improver in elegance. Swifi, 
3« Inventor of fuperfluous fubtilties. 


To REFIT, vr*?; \refait, French j r* and 

jff.J To repair j te reftore after damage, 

Woodward,' ^ Dryden. 

ToREFLE'CT. *v, a, [refechir, French; 

refleScy, Latin/] To throw back, Milton, 

To REFLE'CT. -i/. n. 

f.. To throw back light. Sbahfptare, 

9. To bend back. Bentley. 

3*. Ta throw back the thouglits upon the 
paft or on themfclves. Duff a. Taylor, 

4. To confidcr attentively. Prior, 

5. To throw reproach or cenfure. Snijift, 

6. To bring reproach, Dryden, 
KEFLE'CTENT, a. [refieBens, Ut.] Bend- 
ing iiack ; flying back. ^igfy* 

REFLE'CTION. /. [from r^^iff.] 
I. The a^ of throwing back. Cbeyne, 
X. The aft of bending back. Bentley, 

3. That which is reflefted, Shakefpeare, 

4. Thought thrown back upon the paft. 


5. The aftion of the mind uponltfelf. 

(. Attentiire'confideration. Smb, 

7. Cenfure. Brior, 
KEFLE'CTIVE. tf. ^rom rejlea.] 

I. Thr6^ng btfck iniages. Dryden. 

%: Confidfcring things paft j confidering the 

operations of the mind. Prior, 

REF^LB^OR. /. [from r^e&.'l Confi- 

derer. Boyle, 

RKPUE'X. a. {repxus, ^Latin.J Direftcd 

backward. tfaU. Bentley, 

REFLE'X. /. [r^cxusy Latiu.J[ Reflcftion. 

RKFLEXIBI'LITV. /. [(ram , rffexible,] 

The quality of being reflexible. PJewfon, 
REFLEXIBLE. a. [frbm refiexus, Latin.] 

Capable to be thrown back. Cbeyne, 

REFLE'XIVE. a, [rejiescus, Latin.] Having 

rffpeft to fomcthing paft, ^ ffanrnond^ 

R E F 

RtFLli'XiVELY. i^. [from rejieti^:\ U 

a backward direftibn. Gov.oftbeTvmui^ 
REFLOA'T,/. [r# and>^r.J Ebb; re. 

.fluit'. Boom* 

To REFtOU^RISH. nf, 0, fre and/w/^.J 

To flourifli anew. Mutmu 

ToREFLCW. V. n, [rejher, French} i 

and /ow.] To flow back. 
REFLU'ENT. a. Irefiuens, Latin.] Runmflfe 

back. Ar^utbno^ 

REFLUOC. /. [r^3C, Trench.] Backward 

eourfe of water. Biowiu 

REFOCILLA'TION. /. [refociUa^ Latin.] 

Refforation of ftrengA by rd&elhment. 
To REFO'RM. v. n. [reformo^ Latin.] To 

change frdm worfe to better, Hookfr^ 

To REFO'RM. v. if, To make a changB 

from worfc to better. Atterbmry^ 

REFO'RM. f. -{French.] Reforination. 
REFORMA'TION. /. Ireformation, Fr.] 

I. Change from worfe to better, Addijo^ 

%. The change of religion from the OM^ 

ruptions of popery to its primitive ftate. 

REFO'RMER./. tfromr./em.] ^ 

1. One who makes a change for the bet* 
ter; an amender. KingCbarks, Sftrattm 

2. One of thofe who changed religion froa 
|>opifli cormptidns and innovations. Boeotim 

ToREFRA'CT. v. a, [refraElus, Latiiuj 
To break the natural eourfe of rays. 


REFRA'CTION. /. [refian'm, French.] 
The incurvation or change of determintfSioia 
in the body moved : in dioptricks, it is the 
variation of a ray of light from that right 
line, which it would have paflfed on in, 
had not the denfity of the medium turned 
it afide. Newtsiu 

REFRA'OTIVE. a. [from refraB,] Havii^ 
-the power of refra^ion. Nettntmi 

RETRACTORINES8./. £from reJraaory,\ 
Sullen obftinacy. ^aundertm, 

REFRA'CtORY. a. [refraShire, French,] 
Obftinatej perverfe; contumacious. ' 

Batm^ ' 

RE'FRAGABLE. a. [rejragab'ilh, Latin.] 
Capableof confutation and convi^ion. 

To REFRAI'N. v. a. [rtfrener,, Frcndb.l 
To hoH back j. to keep from a^ion. 


ToREFRAI'K. v. n. To forbear | .to ab- 
(bin J to fpare. Hooker* 

REFRANGIBI'LITY, /. Refrangibility ^ 
the rays of lights is their difpofition to be 
refradled or turned out of their way, in 
pa/fing opt of one . transparent body or me« 
diu|n into another, Newftn^ 

REFR A'NGIBLE. a. Turned out of their 
eourfe j in palling from one medium to an* 
other. Locke, 

REFRENA'TION./. [ntnd/r^no, tarin.] 
The adt of rcftraining. 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

41 EF 


^To HBFRC'SH. «. «. {refrmifeker^ Frfadi.] 
i^ To recreate j to rdievc after pttiiu 

f « To im^iovc; by ncW touches, any tfcing 
hatred, i>rjtim. 

3. To refrigerate 5 to cool. Ectiuf, 

jLtFRE'SHElU /. £from r^fr^.} Tl«t 
v^hkh refre/hes. IThmfon, 

JUFKCSHMBNT. /. {from ftN^-J 
J. Relief after pain, want, or fatigue* 
^ Tbat wluck fives tdi/Bf, 0s frm^ scft* 

llEFItl'GERANT. a. [fffrigeroTtt, Frenck; 
from nifr^4r^Uf'J C«d)io§| mitigating 
heat. Wifrme^. 

To ilEFRltJEllATE. v. <r. [rtfri^ero, 
Latin*] To cool. i^owp, 

REFRIGER A'TiON./ fr/r^rrtf/io^Latin. J 
The *Bt of cooliog % the ilate of being 
cooled. miking. 

UEFRI'GERATTVE. \ 0.[refr'^erator'ms, 

EEFRKGER ATORY. J Latin.] Cooling j 
haviflg the power to cool. 


I. That part of -« diftiiling TdTft thA Is 
flacej about the head «f a ftUl, and filled 
wilh water to coo! the coadenling vapours. 

a. Any thing internally cooUag, Mortimer, 

n£FRJ'GERIUM.f,lUiin*i Coolrefre/fc^ 
inent; refrigeratiori* S9Utb, 

JtEFT. part, fretp of reave, 

]. Deprived $ takfn away# Jff^bim. 

" a. PreterHe of rtav9. Took away. Sfienfer. 

JtE'FUGE.y; [r^i^«,Fr./^«gi*i«,Lat.J 
I. Shelter from ai^ danger or diitrefs ; 
protection. Mikon, 

;^ That which gives ihelter or proteaion. 


3. Expedient in diftrefi. Sbakeffean, 

4. Expedient in general. 1V0tt<tn, 
To RE'FUCE. If. tf. [refi^, French.] 

To ihclter ; td prote'a. Bryien, 

RJtFUCEE'. A [r^'/^if; French.] One who 
flies to fhelter or protection. Dryden* 

HEFU'LGENCE./, [from rifu1gent,'\ Splen- 
dour; brightneis. 

I^EF.U'tCENT. A [r^/i-ifftu^ Lat.] Bright ; 
fikiaine j gUrtering.^ fj^lendid, Boyk. Dryd, 

To REFU'ND. «» «• [r£/»if4/«, Ladn.] 
a. To pour back. Ray^ 

%, To repay what is received ; to refhyre. 

KB^U'SAL. /. f fvm nfuje.'] 

U The aft of rtiiifing j denial of any thing 
deaaanded or iblicited. Rogers, 

9. The pFcemptioa) the light of having 
anything before another; option. Swift, 

To REFU'SIE. V. a. Irefufer, Frew:h.] 
J, ,To deny what is foUcited or required. 

«• To r<ucd| t^dUmUt without a gram. 

TpR£FUW. fr. ». Nottoiceept. mm. 
RE'FUSE. tf. Unworthy of reception} kft 

when the reft is taken* SfeSfattr. 

RETUSE. /. That which remains difie^rded 

when the teft i^ taken. Dryden, 

REFU'SER./. [from r/V"^.] He who re- 

Aifes. r^y^r. 

REFVTAL. /. [from i^S^.] RefiHtion. 
REFUTA'TIOW./. [>^«rAf»,Latin»] The 

9/Sk at refuting \ the i& of proving falfe or 

erroneous. Mmtln, 

TpREFU'TE. V. tf. [fV<^ Utin.] .To 

p^ve falfc or erroneous. O^bon, 

To itEGAI'N. V. *. [r^i||Mn French.] 
• To recovery to gain anew. J>rjfdai, 

RE'GAL. a, [regaly French