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Kalispel or Flat-head Indian Language, 






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St, Ignatius Print, Montana. 

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Entered, according to Act of ('ongress, in the Year 1879, 

By EEV. J. GIOEDA, S. J., 
In the Office of the Librarian of (/ONgress, at Washington 


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In the compilation of this Dictionary the order and the 
definitions given in " Webster's Unabridged Dictionary " have 
been followed in as much as it was possible, in order to give 
to each English word the several equivalents without ambiguity. 
This plan, though it renders the work a little more voluminous, 
makes it also more intelligible and useful. Others will fill the 
gaps and correct the mistakes which even twenty years of study 
of this language could not prevent. 






Pronunciation of the Indian Alphabet 

Used in this Dictionary. 


a, as in English, arm. 
ch^ „ „ church, 

e, „ „ bet. 

g, as in Hebrew, heth. 
h, as in English, home, 
i. ,. .. river. 

1, • „ ,, lad. 

k, as in the Polish language. 
m, as in English, my. 







n, „ 


0, ., 


p, „ 


8, » 


t, „ 


U, „ 


z, as ts, not as ds. 

Many mute vowels occur in this language, for which there 
was no type to express them, and of which only a little prac- 
tice can give a correct pronunciation. 

Sometimes o and u are used promiscuously^ it being hard 
to tell which ought to be preferred. Sometimes the vowels of 
the radical are changed into others in the compound verbs, as 
it occurs in other languages. 

The radical's accented vowel is usually omitted in the com- 
pound words. 




1. — In the First Part the Indian words are set down under 
their respective radicals, or what is assumed to be a radical. 

2. — The radicals are printed in capitals. 

3. — In small capitals are printed the main branches of the 

4. — Each radical should not contain more than three or four 

6. — The radical is usually found in the middle of the word, 
if it be of any length. 

6. — To find the radical, the word given must be stripped of 
all the prefixes and affixes. 

7. — The most usual prefixes are : Ch, Chis, Chil^, Ef, Elt, h, 
Kol, Kul or Kol, Mil^, N, S, Sn, Sz, T, Z. A few words i^hat could 
not be traced to any parental root are given in the proper alpha- 
betical order. 

8. — Tho affixes are too numerous to be mentioned, and they 
afford no great obstacle. 

9. — When tho radical was difficult to find it has been marked 

10. — For instance, if one wants to find the radical of the word 
" Chililguen6nzin " (I cover you with blankets), he must take off 
" Ohil," the prefixed preposition ; then " ilgu ** would represent 
the radical -, yet wanting the accented vowel, because in compo- 
sition the accented vowel is suppressed, and there is no rule for 
restoring it, or to know which vowel must be inserted, or where 
it should be placed. Here the vowel is e, and the radical is iSlgu, 
under which heading the word is to be found in the first part of 
the Dictionary. 

11. — This second part of the Dictionary continually refers to 
the first. Usually only the radical is given, which must be sought 
for in the first part, in which all the family of such radical maybe 
found. This plan was adopted both for the sake of brevity and 
because, by referring constantly to the first part and seeing the 
way one word is manipulated, the reader would be more apt to 
seize the genius of this language, and so to learn how to make by 
himself similar compositions or derivations, it being impossible to 
write down all the endless forms which a word can assume. 

» o » » 






A, an, art, bid. WIiod governing imy verb is rendered by ^Cliin- 
aks^ if the substantive is personal, hy ^^ko' if impersonal. 
A man bad two child re ii, 'Cliinal^y ska! Uan igu u e.^ci -lu i-gusi- 
gults' J A woman is siek, 'Chindks smeem es-clizalclsi' j A boy 
killed my co^v', *T' china ks tituit polsls lu isloma.' 

2d When governed by an netive verb it is rendered by 6 prenxed 
to the substantive, and the verb takes the indeiinite form. 
Make a canoe, ^Kolish t'tlie'. 

3d \Yhcn lollowing the verb subitrintive, or possessive, it is 
dropped. Thou art a guod v,'cm:u), 'Ku gest ku !-incem'; i. 
am a man, *Chin skill iemigu' ; I have a horse, ^Chin-epl-gatl- 

ABAXDOjS", v. t, Chines-goeli, les-lunechstem, Icschluenein. 
2d V. ref. I abandon myself to evil ways, 'les-milkomim hi teie*. 
3d V. recip. Kaes-golstuegui. 

Abandoned, part. j9r. Es-goelem ; part, 2)as^, S::goc!. An cljcet 
abandoned, 'Sgoeleniin' ; AhaiKloned by her LusLaiid, M'z'eni'. 

t ABO 

ABASE, V. t. Ics lipeinim. See Tiip, Throw, Humble. 

ABATF, v.i. Tlio wind, E^k^ii; TIu> cold, 'Ms Iiokoii-r ; The 

pain, *Moe], T.'.nK' 
ABniOATE, v. f. lQ>-<^n;^h:n. ! r>bl';- + c the cliiefl-insliip, ^les-go- 

(Mem 111 i-silimigum', or, 'Ics Ikom*. 
A.BDUOT, ?;. f. Tovi.;';-n (')f a-Kiuil-) ; lo^gntpusoni. 
A"BP]T, t\ f. [c:^-TU*'n?:tl\se!n. 8eo Gaz. 

ABTIOE, I'. ^ los-cheincin, Ics aaimoni, Ics-koe^-hemmem. 
ABILITY, n. Sionie'it, ^mo;., Wt. Mr a^ili-v, ^Lu isiopie:.t', in as 

much a.T it is in tlio iiiT.'.')!: : Mv :^b:k:tv, *T.:i iidoT.deiitcn', in as 

mneh as it caiii'os ability. Sc^ To, Png. 
ABJUEE, ?;. i*". los-goelom, Ics-gokouszateni. 
ABLE, a, lopieut, Sissius, Pagpagt. 
Able-bodied, a. Toiot, Sissi!:a. 

A.BODE, a. Snlziiton, Sncmutcn. Sec Zii, Emut. 
I take np my abode in, les-kolsulziitenem. 
ABOLISH, V, f. les-huiem, les-ptlechstem, lesmuum. 
ABOMINABLE, a. Mil teie, Miltti, Tas-tdl teie. 
Abominably, adv. Taa-tul teie. 
ABOETIOISr, 71. To procure abortion, les-kuiplstciKlieni In sku- 

Abortion by oneself, ^Chines kulpLstenchiszuti/ Sec Pels. 
Abortion by accelerating the time of birth, ^Chines-tkoltszuti/ 

See Toko, Tkom. 
ABOUND, Chines-gocetemi. Sec Goeit. 
ABUNDANCE, n. Sgoeit. 

ABOUT, adv. 1st All about, Es chmilkomizc. Sec Milko. 
2d About one mile, etc., ^God.' 
Sd Nearly, Geiln^u. 

AB Oil T. pir p. 1st All aroniul, all over, Ch— izc, chil— (>ne. Sec Ch. 
2d Near, just going to, Potn ks, with the verb in the .subjunctive. 

He ia about dying, 'Potu ks-tlilemi.' 
3d Just doing somotliing, Agatchira ; I am just about it, *Agat- 

4th Concerning, in regard to, gol prefixed to the e;ubstanlive and 

v;ith a verb indefinite, or ch prefixed to the verb, which talce.s 

then the instrumental form. I am sorry about thee, 'Gol ar.ui 

11 chin-pupusench,* or ^\nui hi ku icschpupusenchem ;' AYe 

talk about horses^ *Lu gol gatlzin u kaes-karakamilshi', or 

ACC 3 

'Kacs-ehkiinikam61ist(Mn -iu gatlzln'. 
AJ^OYE, adv, 1st On high, L-iiuibt. 
2d In rank, ciigiilly, l^ai.-st, Es-ii.siiiizin. 
3d From above, Tel uui.sL 
A-BOVE, prrp. Int Tligiior in place, L-s'e!inuit;.t ; Above nic, 'hn 

l-i-:>*clinniHt' ; j^^rom above llie-hea*.], 'Tel hi'ehni.ists Iu :;])lkei.s.' 
2d Higher in rank, X nist lei ; God is above all, vKolinzuteu nii- 

ist lu tel esia, es-nshiizin Jii tel esia'. 
3d ^r.oro in niunber, qiumtitr, degree, Tel zi tel, tel. He iy rieh 

above u^^, 'La tel kae!npiI6 u kololegii; tel zi lei kaemp:l(> u 

ABEEAST, adv. Es-!itko:neub', Es-chgaznmlshi. 
ABiilDGr:, See Sh<»rt. 

ABilOAJ), Yo go, t'lilneschil-cheushiibhi. 8cc CLcu. 
To bo abroad, Lclie6ut. 
ABIiUPT, a, See Craggy, Sleep. 
ABSCESS, 72. Spozt. Sec'Boil. 
ABSCOInJ), r. i rcf. Chines-nkoniisti. See Nako. 
Abscond, v, t. See TTidc. 
AB^I^]i>T. (^ I-ehin-eho, Ikii elio, etc. 1 will not bo absent, *Ta 


Absent, v, i. Cbin-choea. 

Absent, v. /. Ics chooni. 

ABSOLVE, /;. t. The sin, les-kolgoel'lem hi leic. 

Absolve the sinner, Tes-kolgo^lUem In tele szl:ue:«. See Forgive. 

ABSOLUTION, n. Nkolgocltis ^u teie. 

ABSOLUTELY, adv. Ta ks-tam. 

ABSTAI-S, V. /. Chines-potei ; Abstain from, 'les potecni' ; Ab- 
stain from meat, des-p6tcem lu skeltieir. 

ABSUED, a, Tas guiutem, /. c. It cannot go. 

ABSYNTH,n. Poponelp. 

ABUSE, v,t. 1st ill treating bv actions, Ie.s-chc.s\-.hstem ; Bv 
words, ^Ics-ciicszinenr. See Chcs, ILirm. 

2d Spoiling anything, les-kolgoerieni, lesdemiidlsem. 

3d Making to suifer, les-guzguzm^chslem. See Guz. 

4th Abuse one's power, cauthorit}-, Chines-chgozinziiti. See CioCz. 

5th Abuse one's self, Chines-chechemszuti. 

ACCEPT, V. t lesdkuu^m. SVe Runei, Agree, Consent. 


4 ACC 

A 'T;:y)KX'".\ rj.Y, a,Ir. T':.--.-!r;iiin:.!y,T.i. 1st T cnr;.;!c biin p."ciMot;i- 

all}', *lc5J i»;annunem.' 
2(1 I nhot him acciMcntnllv, T.s\-liit(' p.I. 
P,\ I find it ;u.'('i(l'.Mitnllv, Tcf^-cliiT.incin. 
Til niO;>t rji^'.-^ tliis *i'lvor!V i ', r ^:i''.'r;^'I ^^y p''il at th-:^ onrl of the 

verb. TTo \v;i5^ cir.jg'iit in tl.c^ tvi\\y accifh^nltilly, \E.s-azpmi, 

az!])' ; TT.' ;::)! 1;)'>:-'' tX'-A'l ^:it-^!!y, 'Es-t';:lpn^.!, lalip' ; It brok^.' 

nr*ci(l<»Mt:illy, ov hy it?.'lf, *K;^(Sp'. 
A^'COMPANY, v. f. 1st as an equal, Ics-shemerui^'grni. 
2d Ah a Rnbordii^iitf^^ Tos-i^az.'.torii. 
i\d To follow, les-chshinim. Roc Shin. 
ACC07TPLTCE, ;?. Olkshiszait.Mi. To ho an arTomDJicc, ^[os-(.I!:- 

^ihi^cn, lo'" T\r:;nzt '.'•>• '^n, Ics f-hnsh'(V'h'?tom*. Soo Sl-ri. 
ACCOMPI/SH, r. f. 1st The time of, Kolehiz h\. 
2(1 Af'C'orunli.-h th'*]^h<^"v, IIk' orrlcM*, Oh.ina.-'^'oilcin -la t — . Ac- 

(;;)!npl:r^''. ?<] \vh:it Da!iiel had f->:\^told, ^-\!Xoi!oni ]n t-tr.p.nti'ra 

ACCOPO, ??. S'likos-piK'is. Ot oj!0 accord, ^I-kacsnlcospa'is, PN- 

chshnucVj;ui In I:a3 s'^^nus'. Sc'O Pni^s. 
Accord. V. t. Agree to, Tos-sheiem. Sec Sh^i. 
Accord, r. /. Chines inkospiiusi, In]:o ]u ispar.H, Ohin-zOiti sljci- 
Accord Avith him, Tes-inlcospimsem • A.ccord with him in thaty *]oy- 

ACCOPDrNG to, pn?7). Ezag^il t— . 
ACCOPDTNGLY, adv. Gol shei, Kuemt. 
ACrOST, V. t. les-chisagamcm. 
ACC'OIJNT, 71 . 1st To ask an account from him, Ics-chscupilern. 

Soc Sen. 
21 Place to his acc^ount, les-tkaishitcm, Ies-tkailt(^m. Sec Kai. 
8d Of no account, Ttenemus, It'tcnenn\s. 

4th On account, b}' reason of. Gol. 

ACCUMULATE, v. i. Es-goctuilshi, Es-gocetmi, Es'iaami. 

Accumulate, r. /. Jes-iaamim, Ics goeetim, Tes chgoikanem. 

ACCURATE, a, Itog. 

Accurately, adt\ P6tu 8h6i. 

ACCUESED,7?.a. Sgoelemcn. 

ACCUSATION, n. Snmiep. 

Accuse, r. t. lesnmi^pem. Sec Moic. Ics-nmipalkam. 

Accused, V, a. I am accused, Ko cs nmi^gBpi^jfc^^hav^.l^iepfi^v'l^w^^ 

ADD . 5 

*Ko nmicpoDtcm, Ko-tsznmicp, Ko .s/:niiii2)uika'. 
Acc::ser, 7i. Sgaiuniopcm, Ninij)cr)ZLitcn. 
ACCUSTOM, V. t, les-koakocihiiu. Sco Custom. 
Accustoined, to bo, Ic.s-kocin!iicni, Icfs-chkocnMiJcm. 
A('1IE, n. Sziil. I buvc tin ache, Cliln-cIizriluLsi. Sco Zal. 
ACIDULOUS, dJj. Lz'zool. 

ACKXO\VLEI>GI', v. t. Cinn-zuii c, ]elc.Mnij)ciiunoin. 
Acknowledge v\y own fault, Clrine;^ nineeiep, lelcs-ninipeinibtcm 

lu tt'ie ifiizkuen. 
ACQUA'XT, V. t. T^'.sincicm, Tes-niinicicm, Ics-nilniishitem, Ics- 

Acquaint o:ie wMtli, Ies-i:»6!e.i Icin. Sec a.ielc, Ivlliui. 
Aequ:i-iiil'jd, to bo acciuainled v/illi a ];croon, E.-^ ou_;u.>ten, K^- 

AcquLiirUaujo, /?. I v/isli to uuik'c bis ac'(^;iaiulance, iks-uichom. 
ACQUn^^SCE r. /. ('hiiK-s-kolagalcniLsli. Sec Submit. 
ACQUIRE, See Get, Gain. 

ACQUIT, r. t. To release, dlseharge, les-pUcehL^tein. 
AC- ROSS, adv. Loseiiucus. To j/!aco across, 'les-eiuicuseni' ; To 
lie across, 4']s-einicus\ See 7']i. To come across, 'les-cluzi- 
nem, [es-uiehem' ; To go across, See Crosf^. 
ACT, V. i, 1st To be in action, Cbines agateirnu. 
2d To behave, Chmesagtuli. 
3d To act upon, les-chagcilem. 
Act, r. f. To assume the place, oaicc, character of, les-nzuzuedisem, 

les-nlk'alsbclpcm. Sec Zuu, Place, Substitute, Imitate. 
Act, n. Skol, Szkol. 
In the very act of — , P5tu. He died in the very act of sinning, 

*Potu es-kunems Ui teie, u tlil'. 
ACTIVE, a. Koilkolt, Koimkomt, Guaguaat. 
ACUMIXATE, V. t, les-nelinuikscm. See Chem. 
Acuminated, a, Es-nchmaks. 
ACUTE. See Keen, Sharp. 
ADAPT one's self to, v, ref, les-chkolemistem. 
ADD, V, t, leschtgiim. See Tgu, Tug. 
Add a piece to a garment, etc., les-tpim. 
Add, 17. ^. Es-chtgugumi, clitgugu. 
Added, ;>ar^ Es-chtgum, Chtguntcm, szchlug. 
Added, flf/;. Es-ch tug. 

6 ADU 

ADT^TCTED to, <7. — cmVn affixcf] to iho radu-al. Addicted to 

ste-j], *Niiko-('mcrr ; Addicted to tell lic^', ^llioisteiucn*. 
ADTFERI^^ ?•. i. (Mii:;es-zpakanii, rhinos-chuaz. S^u^ Stick, Att.icdi. 
ADJOINlNC'r, a. VA\U\-\\\^. Adjoinin-' house, ^Chis-amclgn.' See 

ADJUST, V. t. In To inak'-^ it ^i:r:l^ lo-li-onii:-;;. 
2d To pntpie?o> toi';othor, Ics-iiii:r.itii. 
3d To make it tit, len koietn. 
ADMIRABLK, a. Soo Wonderful. 
Admire. See Wonder. 
ADMONISH, r. t. les zuneni, Ics kolkuckem. S^c Ecproach^ 

ADOBE, li. Sztil ; ;?/. SztltiK Adobe hoiiG-, ^Sldclgu, jlaKal-^u' ; 
To make adob''', *' ; To make an adobe b^Jiisc, 
*Chines-teKd£rui'. See Til. 
ADOPT, V. t. 1st A child; les-kolso-nsigultem, les ygusigultcir.. 
2d Ador)t a bov, lesdcoLskuscem. A(!o]>t a trirl, 'les lioistornclieltcHi'. 
8d Adopt one as parent, either tat!i(.r or motb'ji*, les-pogotciii, li :^' 

4th Adopt one Jis fathor (said bv :v man) Ies-loea:n, les Iv.dlecura. 
oth Adopt one as father (said by a woman) les-pogotcm. 
0th Adopt one as mother (said by a man) ]o>jiskaiem, leskoIskO- 

7th Adopt one as mother (said by a woman) les-tciuem, le;; koltu- 

ADORABLE, a. Chomutem, Xpoleten. 
Adore, v, i. Chines-chaui, Chines-potei. 
Adore, v. t. les-ohaum, ]esp6tccm. 
Adore, to acknowledge as true God, Tes-kollkolinzutonem, les Kc-l- 

smiskolinzi\tenem. Sec Kol. 
Adorer, n. Chaunzi\ten, P'tecnzuten. 
ADOKN, V. t, 1st To fix well, to work on, les-chkolem. 
2d To put ornaments on, around, r. r/. beads, fringes, etc., Tes-eh- 

3d To adorn oneself, Chines-chchcmizecnznti, (.'bines chchcmizo 

4th To adorn oneself with, les-chchmizeemistcm. 
Adorned, parf. Es-chchmizem, Es-chkclem. 
Adorned, a. Bs-ehchcmize, Es-chkol. 

AFF t 

ADULT, a, Kutcnalko, Pagpa^t. 

ADULTEEER, 71. Xiikocincp* lu £;inucm, UiuigUuC, Es-pukuriLi. 

Adulteress, n. ]N"akoeinen lu Islvaltomigu, Uiiiigune, Es-pukun(!ii. 

Adi-llcry, to coiiiinit-, C.Uiincs-pukiinci ; Achillciy ^.vilL tuaL pciison, 
'les-pukiiFiCm'; and this verb govcrr.s, not the accomplice oi" 
{•-in, bat the uiarrled person wronged. Conimonly they saj' 
'les nakom !u smd'om cp-sgtjlui, Ics-i.akum In skalteniigu epl- 

ADVANCE, V. I. Chinos koami, Es-koapmi. 

ADVENT, n. Szgiii, Zgaiten, liii ludiizonton, Kl nchizonten. I'ho 
second advent, 'El zgaiten' ; The second advent of the Lord, 
*Lii kaelzguitis Kolinzutcn'. 

ADVEESAEY. n, Noutus. See Eutus. 

ADVICE, n. Opinion on a subject, Skulpag, Spuus. To give an 
advice to, ^Ics-kalpagL^hiteni', meaning to think for hini, in his 
place. See Pug. 

Advise, r. t, les-zutiem. 

Advisedly, adv, Sz-chzogo. See Zog, Vv^ilfaliy. 

Adviser, 71. Zun'nzuten, Kulpagshiszutcn. 

ADVOCATE, n. See Plead, Leiond. 

AFFABLE, a. Es-kamkamzin, Toteuzin. 

AFFA-TE, 71. Skol (in the present); Szkol (In the past) ; Ksdvol 
Ksz kol, (in the future). 

2d Affair of great importance, Es-nkutcnaksem,. 

8d Affair of little importance, Esinlku!:uimaksem. I hold it as an 
affair of great importance, Mcsdiolnkutenaksoni". Sec Busi- 

AFFECT, 1st To make a show of, is rendered by the verb reflex- 
ive ot the form — szuti. To affect goodness, ^Chines gcst- 
szuti' ; To afl*ect strength, 'Chines ioiotszutik Sec Feign. 

2d To influence oj* move, as the leelings of passion^;, to touch, is 
rendered by the instrumental form — ininem, but in the con- 
struction the person affected governs the object affecting. The 
prayer affects me well, I am well affected by the prayer, *Ies- 
gesteniinem hi nchaumen' ; The lic^uor affects me, I am affect- 
ed, moved, enticed by the liquor, 'les zkuknmlncni -hi sculkuk 

3i To aim at, aspire to, seek, is rendered by the same form re- 
flexive, — szuti. He affects the chieftainship, 'Es ilimgusziUi', 
or by the volitive form in — clsi. 

8, Apr^ 

AFFECTION, 7i, A settled good will, Spalkogum6ndi. 

Affectionate, a, T'lpalkot. See Palko. 

AFFIANCE, V, t Ics-zogshileni. 

AFFlllM, V. i. Chines-zuti, Chincs-zuti cu, Neli. See Yes. 

AFFIX, V, t. Ic8-tpim, ies-shiiiim. 

AFFLICT, v. f. les-piipiiscnclicm, les kolpupiisdnehcm, les-kolsbi- 

tem t'^pupuseneh. 
Aitiic-tcd, a. Es-pupu-scuch, Esniguptls. 
Affliction, ??. 1st The being affiicled, Spupuscnch. 
2d Causing affliction, Npui)us^ncl)ten. 
AFP^'OUI), r. /. lyt To produce, give, yield, lea-guizltoai, les-ko- 

2d Can aiford, les- lk6ra. 
AFFRAY, n. Brawl, qiinrrel, Stiiikot. 
AFFRONT, r. t. liiMiit, ies-choinzutcni. 
AFLOAT, adv, Es peipnii. Sec Float. 
AFOOT, adv, Es gustolegui. 
AFEAID, a. Es-ngeli. Sec Fear. 

2d I am afraid of him, through diffidence, les iaamincm. , 
3d I am afraid to hear him, les-niaanem. 
4th I am alraid to see him, les-niaiamusem. 

5th I am afraid to punish him, or to i?peak to liim, Ics-chiaipilcm. 
AFTER, a. Subsequent, Siz. 
After, adv. Afterward, Kucmt. 
XfiQV, pi\-]). h]{ Later in time, when connected witli suhstantivcp, in 

the past, *Ln chujoczT ; m the future, *Ne chgoezt'. After ono 

hour, *No chogt'-zt nko sliebch', or *Xe nko slicbch/ 
2d Before a verb or ver])al s^'.ibs-tantive, it is reiuiercd in the form 

ii)-^ ; in Ibc past, ^Lu cbin-uis' • in the future, *Ne chin-ni5<'. 

After dinner I went to work, ^Lu ehin uis ilen, chin-k6iem*; 

I will Avork after dinner, 'Ne clnn-uis ilen, m-chin-k«^]em'. 
3d To go after a tiling, It's-thitluusem, or by prefixing cJi to tbo 

noun and niakin/j a verb of it. AVbat art thou after? ^Ku es- 

chstcmi ? I am after money, flowers, tobacco, ^Chines-(?bulu- 

lim, cbines-cbzee!:oi, chines-cb^micni<]jui*. 
4th To run after, les-cbtkcm. 
5th To be after something, doing it, les-agtchim. 
Gth To go after oi^.e, following him up^ Ie:vnguicni, les nshiu-stem. 
7th Concerning, in relation to, inquire after, Icscbscum. vSoe About. 


8lh Beliind in |)lacL\ Sou Ik'lujid. 

Otli After a while, Xe Icuone; After a loni^time, 'Xo kas'i]).' 

lOlli Concerning*, in relation to, in([:iire afltJ*, les-ehseuni. See 

APrKK-HUiTir, n. Nliiruselten. 
AFTP]HXOON, n, Sniakokein. 

2d (Past) In the afternoon, JiU 1 sniakoia'in, or hu niak(;ki'in. 
8d (Future) Xe niakokein. 
AFTEUWAIJD, adv, Ku6nit, Siz. 
\GXIS, adi\ Ist Another time, Ulel, I*]}nk6. 
■Jd In return back, is rendered with el: j)relixed to tiie verb. 1 iro 

uffain, 'Chin-eles-iriii' ; I come attain, 'Chin eks-zi'ui. Scjc 

AGAINST, ])}'/]). 1st Face to iiice, opposite, Sto^-toi;-!, S'chiteizii j 

The house ai;*ain8t my own, 'hn ziti^u hi is'chteizii, o/* I'is'chi- 

2<l In oj)j){»sition to, usually rendered with ^h' prefixed to the verb. 

I tell lies ai;"ainst him, 'ies-chiokom'. 
;)d To stand, act a<>'ainst one, ojjpose him, les-cheulusem, les-ch- 

iisV-htusem. See Eut, S'chut. 
4tJi In })rovi$ion for, in preparation for, rendered with 'eh' bel'oi'e 

the verb or '1* before the noun. 
A<iK, 7i. The whole duration of being, Si;'al!:j:iilt. Sirulguilt, Spcn- 

tich, »Spo<^poi<6t. 
2d What is your ai^e ? She kuinsh sj)entich tu tel ku kohl / or Ku- 

insh ku-chspentich ? I am ten years ot ai;e, 'Chin o]>en ch- 

spentich', /. c. 1 arrived at ten years. 
i]d I urn of the same age of Peter, lu t-Piel ; lie 

is of Tuv ai>:e, ^Is-nkulaiiraluilsh*. 
4th am of age (of reason) Chin tiguspagj)a.<»;l, Chin-tigusj)uus ; He 

is not of age^ *(^he psaie'. 
Aged, (/. Pogpogot. 
AGENCY, //. Ist The quality of acting, the instrumentality, Tvku- 

2d The Indian agency for the Flatheads, Nilka. 
Agent, 71 One acting for somebody, Sgukolem. See Sgu. 
2d Indian agent, Skcligu ilimigum, Cbitcnzuten. 
U Sec Sub.stitute. 
AGITATE, See Stir, Shake. 

10 AIR 

AGO, adv. How long ago ? Pist(;m. 

2cl IIow many days ago ? She akuinsliaskat ? 

3d Long ago, Skasip. 

4th Not very long ago, Tarn sl^kakasip. 

i)th A little while ago, T'sn^. 

6th One day ago, Spizelt. 

7th Two days ago, She sasldskat. 

8th Three days ago, 'She s'chataskat. 

N. B. In counting the days we mii'st only take nolict' of* how 

many nights intervened. 
AGONY, 7i. Sniigot. To bo in agony, -Chiues-migoti, Chines-nt'- 
llelsi. See Tlil. The second means *l think I die,' and an- 
swers better than the first. 

AGREE, i\ ?'. 1st Harmony in opinion, ^Inko hi iszntels, Inko \\x 

ispuus, Inko chin-ep-znt61s. See Accord. 
«^d Harmonize in a statement, Inko lu isminiii, Inko hi ispelimen- 

3d Agree to, to assent, Chines-shielsi, Chin-zuti shei. 
4th Agree together, Kaes-chshnnegiii, Kaes-nshilsenuegui. See 

5th It agrees with me, it is to my taste, Is-chzehem. See Zohein. 

6th It does not agree with me, Is-chcheseni. See (Mies. 

Agree, v. t. Ies-sh6iem, 

Agreeable, a. 1st Pleasing, Pipiit, Koamkomt. 

2d In conformity with, Ezagdil t — . 

3d To my taste, Is-chzehem. 

AH, interj. If for joj- Ch ; if for pain, 'Knim, loh' ; Ah, what aro 
you doing ? Ni ! 

AHEAD, adv. Ist To be ahead, Chincs-shiitemi, (to be first) ; 
Chines-tgui (to go ahead). 

2d To send ahead, les-tguicm. 

3d To go ahead of one, les-golshitusem 

AID, See Help. 

AIL, See sick, Pain. 

AIM V, I. Chines-chtkiLsi, Chinos-chtgomi. See Tog. 

Aim, n, Szchtkus. 

AIR, n. Sn6ut. 

2d Air tight, I-tuk, I-ks-tukui. 

3d To give oneself airs, Chines iaiaszut. See Play. 

ALO 11 

ATiARM, r. t, 0hinc8-ngalgalltdmshi. Sec Ngel. 
AL.AS, Ni. 

AIjIGIIT, i". ?*. Chinus-tipcnziiti. 
AIjIKE, a. Ezugeil : All alike, *i-ezageil. Sec Agal. 
ALIVE, a, Esgiilgnilt. 
ALKALI, «. Mgoiulegii. 
ALL, adv. Wholly, completely, is rendered by *i* prefixed to the 

verbs or nouns. All white, "I-pik'; All good, *I-gest' ; All 

wot, 'i-nas*. 
All, a. Esia; All kinds, Es-niaksem ; We must be all, we must 

gather together, *^Kaeks-iaami'. See laa. 
All over, adv, Lesmilko, but better rendered by placing the verb 

between, K^hil ene'. Covered all over, *Chil-ilgu-ene' ; 

Flooded all over, ^Chil-melp-cne'. See lelgu, Melip, and near- 
ly all the radicalf^. 
2d'' All around, Tes-chmilkomize ; All over the surface, ^Bs-chilmil:- 

8d all ovdr, inside, Es-nmilkomelzc. 
All together, in a pile, Esiamilsh. 
ALLAY, r. i, Es-meehni, Es-hau. 
Allay, r. f, les-meHm. 

ALL-FOURS, To go on all fours, Chines-titshi. 
ALLIANCE, n, let The being allied, Siemtucgu. Srdcoligueus, 

2d The compact, or treat}' of alliance, Xiemtueguten, Nkolig leus- 

ten, Ntemmenueguten. 
ALLOW, See Permit. 
ALLURE, V, f. les-zkuknnunem. 
Allured, I feel allured by, les-zkuknunom. See ^/'-k. 
ALLY, IK Snkoeligu. 
ALMOST, adi\ Geil neu, GeiK 

ALMS, n, Szguizsh (as given) ; Szguiz'zsh (as received); Snkonin. 
2d To give alms, Ghincs-guizshi. Sec (rulz, les nko'uieminem 
ALOOF, To sta}' aloof, Tes uakaminem. See Uakaukat. 
ALONE, a. 1-chin-chinaks, I-chiHnaks. 
ALONG, adv, 1st Go along, Chines-tagolusi, 
2d Together with, Sec Together. 
Hd To brins: alonsc with oneself, les f»*uiuseni, Fes nku'irniem. Sec 


12 A-N(^ 

ALOUD, S(^u Loud. 

ATjSO, adv. Xi'iru. 

ALTAU, 71. Snkolnuiniislrn. Soe Xiiri. 

ALTKH, r. t, les-tigulcm. 

ALTElUWTb:, r. ?. (Miiiics-chosziui. 

Altercation,??. S'cheszin, SNlieszinenu'iinru'ii. ' 

ALTHOUGH, ^'o;./. Linur, Knm\ Ur. 

ALWAYS, .^/J'-. T'slni'us, Punticli, Tashoij in llu' j>:ist) ; Xom t 

shieus, Xoni ])cnticb, Takshoi, (in tlu* futniv). 
2(1 (\)ntinuallv is rcndonHl bv the form continuativo nC ilie vorL, 

as in the fi;rairnviar. See Uontinne. 
A^IASS, r. t. ies laamini, les-ohij^oikanein. 
AMAZE, r. t. leH-knssusc'ni, les })spani. See I'as. 
AMBASSADOR, )K Xniizinzaten, Smnniimini. 
AMBITION, }i. 1 foel an anihuion, Ktiu-ukeirnt hi ispuus. See 

AMBUSH, n. S'ehi^aloni j To he in a!nl)!i^li, 'Chines elii^alenu' ; To 

lay an ambush to, *Ies-chtjal<>ni\ 
AMELIOBATH, r. f. les -estim. 
AMEND, ?*. '. (Iiin-elto'omon/.uti. 
AMENDE, n. ^vkolisusten. 
AMEI^ (^AN, Soiapi, Pik.skelign, (Miinkaze. 
2d American horse, Soipskagae. 
*»d American dress, Soijnilks. 
4th American language. Siiipzin. 

Americanized. I'o be, ('bines-kolsoia])i, ('Jnnes-kolisti cbiksonipi. 
AM'DST, piyp. Liubensem. See Among between. 
AMLSS, See Fault. 

AMMUNITION, n. In general, Nchl])lin. 
2d Powder, Npukumin. 
*»d Balls, J-^milmilko. 

4th To be out ot'ammnnition, (IMiines-z'spriisti. 
')lh To consume another's ammunition, les-zspclisem. 
r>th Fix(id ammunition, Sncheinch. 
\ M OS Cr, prep. L, Lkae. See Between. 
AMUSP], r. 7v/. ChincH-memsziVii. 
Amusement, Smemszut. 
AN, Sec A. 
AXCEvSTOE, )i. ^ly ancestor, In-g(dcbmushen, l!.-];ogpogot,.4-sgii- "■ 


shiit. Sec Parent. 
Anciont folks, Lii shitemi.skelig'u. 
Anciently, adv, iiS t'skasip. 
AND, conj, U, Negu, Kuemt. 

A NEW adv. Rendered with ^eK. To m:ik'<» anew, *l-i'les-!:61oin'. 
ANCtEL, n. hu sknlkulstMls Koliuzuten, -Lii op-skapkapuscii 
ANGET.US, The, hn cheeheh\s. 
ANGEH, n. Saimt, S'ehgiit'tcis, Xehgiil'tel.stcn. 
Angry, «. To get angr\% Chmesaimti, Chnies-chgnt telsi. To le 

jinp-rv, ^Chmes-aiint, Chines-ehi'-nt'tel.s'. 
AXCriiE, 71. Corner, E.s-koi>. 
Anj^le, r. i. Chines-kakameici. 
Angler, 71. Sgukakameiem. 
AXIMAL, V, Quadrupeds, (Tiiigneiul. 
■ 2J Domestic animal.s, Ciatlzin. 
ANKLE, n, Skolchenizinshin. 
2d Sore ankle, Chinkolzaizinsljin. 
8<1 Sprained ankle, Chin-kolinalkuzin.sliin. 
ANNOIJiVCE, r. f. les-nnmiijn. 
ANNOY, V. t. See Vex, Trouble, Bother. 
.Xnnoved, d. To be annoyed, Chin-hhal. 
ANOINT, ?*. t, les-putlem^ Jes-ptain, les-nunem. 
2d To anoint with perfumes, les-sinem. 

ANOTIIKR, a. 1st Not t!ie same indiuidual, nianimate, Nko ; an- 
imate, China ks. 
2d Not of the same kind, diifrrent, lvs-tiu*ulcm. 
A\S\VI^]n, r. /. Chines-kolkiiengnzini, Klikolkuelslcn. 
ANT, 7?. Sguguic. 
AXTECHSSOR, Lw si^'i-^hiit. Pins, the antecessor ot J.eo, Tins 

hi sgushiilslu fico' ; Leo has Pins for his ante.'csor, 'T Leo 

u sgushiitemis Ju Pins'. 
ANTELOPH, //. Lkaclsfhin..('male); Antelope skM, (male), L- 

kaels'chinelgn ; (female) Slaan j rfemale skin) Stanlgu. 
ANTIPATHY,??. Saanne. 
ANTIPODES, ;?. 1st The land on theOpposite lower side, S'che- 

2d The land on the opposite side, S'chemlnicut stoligu. 
M Thepeoplc'on the imaginary lower place, Lu skeligu hi Ikae- 


14 APP 

4th The people on the upper place, Lu ehilkaltehskeligu. 

ANUS, n. Siipooten. 

ANVrL, n. Snteeminten, Sntetololini. 

ANXIOUS, a. To be anxious, Chincs-nen*ntelsi, Chines-koltka- 

2d To be eager, See Eager. 

ANY, a. 1st Interrogatory, or in the answer, it is rendered by the 
verb *ep' prefixed eitlier to the noun or verb. Is there any- 
good boy ? 'A e])ygest tituit ? Xot any *Ta epVezagciT ; Have 
you killed anything? *A ku ej -szp61s'? Have you any food ^t 
*A ku opsiUen'. 

2d Tn the positive sense it is ren<lered l»y the verb rehitive in -shi* 
or 'shitem'. Give me anything, *Ko guizsht tec t'stem' ; T did 
not hide an}', ^Tii epVnekun*; I did not give him any, *Ta opl- 
guizhen. See Kp. 

APERTURE, w. Snchemepustcn. 

APISIMO, p. If used under the saddle, Nkupu, Xkapoehiskagao. 

2d It used on the saddle, Clikapcus. Soc Kap. 

APOLOGIZE, r. i Chines-konkonszinemisti, Ohines-toteueniisti, 

Aj)ostatize, v. i. Chines-gokousziiti, Chincs-nelkouszuti. 

APOSTLR, w. Apotro, JiU'Sguniimiims Jesu Kli, hn skulkulstelts 
Jesu Kli. 

APPAREL, fK Gazniimten. 

APPEAR, r. L 1st ('omc to light, (/hines-laakoi, Es-laiiko. 

2d To make oneself seen, Chines-hikomenzuti. 

iJd To appear before others, Chines-lakomenzuti lu 1 smilehenielsz. 

4th The Iruits appear, Es-ehgaz'zmi. See Gaz. 

APPEASE, r. f. les-geenim, les-kampim. 

2d Appease his anger, Tes kaniphem lu nehgut'tdlstis, les-nmeel- 

.-Jd To appease oneself, Chincs-nmeelelsi, Chines-nkamelsi. 

APPETITE To feel an appetite, Chines-nelinelsi. 

APPLE, 71. Pine apple, Sz'ziehe. 

2d ('Onunon apple, Snkaikaieis, So (ailed because they bind tho 
teeth ; My teeth are bound, soured, *Ohin-nkaikaieis'. 

iid Drj-jipples, Gamip snkaikaieis. 

Al*PLY, r. t, A blister, poultice, Chines-zpakami, les zpakcm. 

Apply to one, les-ehguiem, les-ehoniistcm 

ARM i:> 

APPOINT, f. t, 1st To name, ?Lyi, Jes auni 

2d To appoint to an office, Ies-t68hilshcm, los-tk6rn, Ics-koleni. 

Appointed, Chosen to do anything for the ai)poinlcr, is rendered 

by *8gu' pretix.od to the radical. My workman, *lsgu-k6lem' ; 

My overi^eer <I-sgu chitim'; 'My horse guard,' I-sgiUiaska- 

APPllECIATE, V. t, Ie8-kuten<^l8cm. 
APPJIISE, V. f. To give notice, les-mimi^hitem, IcH-zunein, Ics- 

APPROACH, V. f. l8t A place, Ics-chchtiteniinein. 
2d A person from the front, les-ehizilshcni. 
8d A person from the side, les-chsagani. 
4th A person from behind, les-nchiznichem. 
5th To approach gently, stealthily, Ics-euetenj. 
6th To approach the watei', a stream, Chiznetikui. 
APPROPRIATE, V. a. To take to himself, 1st as related to the 

person appropriating, is rendered by the personal pronoun. 

J, *Ies-k6iem', Thou, ^\s-anuicm', We, 'Kaes-kaimpilem'. See 

Koie, Anui, etc. 
2d Referring to the act of appropriation, les-kunom, les-kolsteem. 
8d Referring to the object appropriated, the object is made a verb 

instrumental ; v, g, I appropriate to myself the house, 'les-zit- 

gum* 5 I appropriate to myself the roan horse, 'Gatlzinemen 

sguamkam*; 1 appropriate to myself the white blanket, *Zize- 

men lu ipik*; You appropriated to yourself my cravat, *Ku- 

skal^psemehgu lu iskal6ps'. 
APPROVE, V, t, 1st To be pleased with, Ics-gestominem, les-ch- 

2d To agree, Chin-zuti a. *" 

APT. a, 1st the passive aptitude is rendered by 'litem* affixed to 

the radical, which usually reduplicates the last consonant. 
Apt to be made, 'Koriiitem'; Apt to be seen, 'Uchchutem' ; N^ot 

apt to bo caught, *Tas az*zutem\ 
2d Aptitude to do anything is rendered by 'mutem' affiixcd to the 
radical. Apt to do, 'Kolemutem' ; Apt to catch a horse, *Aznu\tem. 
ARDOR, n.Suiluilt. Sec III. 
ARISE, V, i, 1st from sitting, Chines-teshilshi. 
2d From laying down, Chines-gutilshi. > 

ARM, n. S'chuogan. 

16 AJIU 

2(1 Long arm, Ussliinai^aii, 

oil To strcteli the arm, ClHiK\s-gu])magani. 

4lh Swollen arm, Skua2:an. 

oth vSore arm. Zalugan. 

Gtli To break ono\s arm, Chiiicskao]:agani. 

AR.\f, arms, ??. Weapons In general, Tapmin, Skuenel, SkneneLst, 
Xii-azL'Isten. See Gaz. 

Arm, r. i. Chines-ngazelsi, (niines-kuenclsli. 

ARMOR, ('oat of steel, rt. Sololimalks. I have a eoat oi'slcul, 

AKOMATIC, rt. Ks-gesalka. 

AKOIJN'D, prrp. 1st Rendered bj^ plaeing the vejb between ^ch' 
and *ize'. Covered aronnd, 'C'hihguize' ; Shining all around, 
'Chj)egnize' ; Clean around, *C]iguku])ize. See I h, Crowd. 

2d To go around, Ciiines silehemi. See Surround. 

3d To go around, at random, ('hines gusteluisi. 

4th 1 have it around, I am surrounded by it, Chines-ehsilehize t — . 
or, les-ehsilehizem. I iiave thorns around my heart, ^Lu is- 
]»uus es-chsilehize te])}-luhielze', or Chsilchizeemen hi epbluln- 
elze . 

iUh Around the neck, Es-kaleps. See Kaleps. 

Oth To be around^ but not all around, Es-16ko. 

7th To place around, not all around, Tes-lkom. See hko. 

8th Placed around the head, Eslkok«.in. 

AKOUSE, r. i. Tesd<eilem. 

AE RANGE, i\ f. les-kolem, les-gazmim. 

2d To arrange hy putting several pieces together, les-mimim. 

Arrange, r ref. To arrange oneself, Chines-kolemisti, Chines-gaz- 

A RIx AY, n. Placed in array, in a line, one after the other, Ivs-lpe- 

AFIREST, i\ t. 1st To capture, les-kuncm, les-h;him. 

2d To .stop, Ijs-tclpim. 

Pa\ To arrest by cjitching one by the waist. les-goeusom. 

4th To {^rrest an enemy by hand, les-komutem. 

Arrival, «. The arriving, vSzkolchizsh. 

2d l^he stranger arriving, S^diiiz'zin. There is an arrival, a stran- 
ger has come, *Ep-s'chiiz'zin% 

Arrive, r. i, 1st In general, to reach a point, Chinesdvolchizshi. 

AS 17 

See Ileaeli. 
2d To water, river, Clunes-olkoi. 
3d To the open prairie, Chin-poptleui. 
4ih Out of the woods, Chiii-gutpsalko. 
5th To the commcuceinent of a period, month, year or pUice, Ics- 

Gth To the end or doso of a period of time or ph\cc, les-nptlcmu- 

7th To a difficult place, thing, Chin4ee, Chin-ntleepus, Chin-kol- 

Sill To the end,. to be stuck, Chin-nlapak^. See Lee. 
Dth Too late, Chin-guzep. See Goez. 
10th Just at meaUiime, Chin-np<^nchezin. 
Uth Late by niglit, Chines-chskukuezemi. 
12th Late in the evening, Chines-chs'chlgumi. 
13th Arrive to the winter, Chin-chilistchene. Arrive to spring, 

'Chin-chiltimmene'; Ari*ive to summer, ^Chin-chilanlkanc' ; 

Arrive to the morning, ^Chin-ehilgalpcne' ; Arrive to the 

evening, 'Chin-chiichlguene. 
AEEOGANT, a. Gussos. Sec Guas, Xgutgutzin. 
Arrogate, v. i. Assume too great power, rights, Chincs-chgozm- 

ziiti, Chines-nchshiit'szuti. 
ARROW, Tapmin. 

2d Arrow with the head of stone, Sinzelelisten. 
Sd Arrow ot bone, Sinzemalisten. 
4th Arrow of iron, Snululcmussel, or Snololimoslsten. 
5th To make arrows, Chines-korii. 
ftth To throw arrows by the hand, Chines-ilmi -, by the bow, 

X. E. In composition ^iT, ^el', ^al , have since been transferred to 

every kind of ammunition and weaj^on. 
ARTERY, n. Kakalu. 
AS, conj, Esageit t — Sec Agal. 
2d I think as — , Chines-nagalelsi 1 — . 

3d 1 speak as- Chines-egukuni t-- Chines-ngukunzini t— See Speak. 
4th 1 do as — , Chines-ageili t — . 
5th I dress as a man, Chin-skaltemugualks. 
6th I dress as a woman, Chin-mama Iks. 
7th T dress as an American, Chin-soiapalks. 

18 ASS 

8th r dress as a Crow Indian, Cliin-lcmeliisulks. 

0th As you please, A-spuus. 

ASCENT), I', i. Chincs-nuisselshi. 

2d Ascend a •mountain, CijincB-shaluli. 

od Ascend a ladder, Ohinos-ehiiilslii. 

ASCKRTAFX, r. i, Ist I am certain of — , Ko inistcn, I-niisten. 

*2d I find it out lor certain, Ie8-mispeuunem. 

i)d I must ascertain that, I kaesmiiin. 

ASlTA">rKD, a. To be ashamed, Chines-zceshemi. 

2d Asliamed of — , Teszeesheminefn. 

Hd To make ashamed, Te.s-zeeshim. 

ASHES, n. Kolemin. See Koli. 

2d To scatter ashes, les-pkiim. 9 

3d To scatter ashes on the head, leschpkok^inein. See Pkum. 

ASHORE, a^/r. F/si^azin, 

2d To go ashore-zntcshilslii. See Teshilshi, Shore. 

ASIDE, ach'. 1st To put aside, hiding!; 'far away, leslkum. 

2d Only to store awav, Ics-elkom. 

8d To take asnle, les-chuensilshem. 

4th To go aside, Chines-tlekui. 

r)t!i To step aside oft* the road. Chines-pellr.ti. 

6th To put aside, not for hiding, Ics-kolchilemim. 

ASK, V. t. 1st to beg, Chines-galiti. 

2<1 To inquire, interrogate, les-scVim. 

.Sd Ask people for information, Chines-sultiimshi. 

4th Ask the payment of a <lebt, Chines-nseuj^i. 

r)th Ask what T won gambling, (^hines-neutepi. 

6th Ask permission, Chines-ehsuplemisti. Sec Sen. 

Tth Ask in marriage, Jes-ns^uzinem, les-galitem. 

^th Ask fire, Chines-nkn6npi. 

9th Ask pardon, Chines-konkonszinemisti. 

10th Ask for help, Ics-chomisteni. See Chau. 

ASLEEP, a. Chines-itshi. 

ASPERSIOJS', See Sprinkle. 

ASPIRE, V. t. les-kaguminem. 

ASSAY, Sec Try. 

ASSEMBLE, t\ i. Chines-iaami. r. t. les-iaamim 

Assembly, n, Szida, Sziarailsh, Sniaiatin. 

ASSIST, Sec Help, Stand by. 

AUD 19 

ASSOCIATE, With- one, r. f. les-lgatcusoiu. Soc Lagt, Tcniomi- 

Associate, n. Sellagt. 

ASTONLSIT, V. t. les-ku.ssuscm, les-p'.spain. 
Astonished, a. To be, Chin-kussas, Chin-psap. 
Aslonishing, a. Kuskust, Tastul. 

ASTEAY, adv. To go astray, to be out ot the road, Chin-nissaka. 
2d To lead, bring astray, les-ostuseni, Ie>j-nissakani, 
3d To be out of sight, Chin-oost. 
ASTRIDE, adr. To bo, to set astride, Chines-chernteusi, Chines- 

2d Astride on a fence, log, Chln-chamutalko. See Einut, l-^ak. 
ASUXDEE, adv. See Separate. 

AT, adv. L, Ch, mostly omitted by using the verb transitive. 
ATHEIST, SlAemlkolinzuten. 

ATONE, I*, t. Expiate, Chines-nkolisusi, Chines-nkolisi. 
ATTAIN^, r. t. To get anything with an effort, les-konniincni.' 
ATTACH, V. i. See Tie, String, Glue, Unite, Join. 
Attached, a. 1st Strongly adhering, Chines-chaaz, Chines-chaazmi. 

We are attached to one another, ^Kaes-azeus'. 
2d So well united as to be one whole. Oil, Cholip. Attached to- 
gether, *Es-noleus'. 
3d To feel attachment for an object or j)erson, les-keigtem. Vou 

are attached to your money, 'Ku-es-chaaz hi ran-ululim, or lOs- 

k^ifiCtemst^u lu an-iilulim. 
ATTACK, V. t. les-chgut'pminem, pi. ICaes-chgnizutem. See (riii, 

2d Attack an enenu', Chines-chgulpmiskeligui. 
Attack, n. S'chgutpmiskeligii, 
ATTEXTiOX^n. To pay attention to what we hear, Chines-scu- 

nei, ChinevS-sonumti, Chines-ntkukucnei, Chines-chiitenei. See 

Seune, (Jhiii. 
2d To pay attention in looking, Oiest les-azgam, 
8d To give attention of the mind, 
4th To draw altontion for material qualities. Chines azgamszu,li. 
r)th Attention for moral qualities, Chines azgaszi'iti. • 
ATTEACT, r. t. Ies-zku!;ununem. See Zuk. 
Attracted, a. I feel attracted by — , les zkukununem. 
AUDIBLE, (7. Suunutem. 

20 AVO 

AUCtI'J], ?.. '['ii!;()t'listtMi, L£»;oininton. Sco fioi^. 

AUOrn, n. Si^umoio'a. 

Aiiirnr ?*. /. Chines muii»:ai. 

^AUXT, n. 1st ^Fy fathor's sister, (l)y ii man), I-skukiii. 

2-1 My father's sister, (by a woman), In-tikiil. 

8(1 ]\ry mother's sister, (by a man), In-kagc. 

4th My molluM-'s sister (by a \vomar»), In-!ca_ii:e. 

f)th M}^ wife's father's sister, In-lzezch. 

6lb My husband's father's sister, In-lzezeli. 
VURORA, 71, Snpakazin. See Paaka. 

AUTIIOUITV, n, ^^ioJ)ieuten. 

2(1 Ft is nK)stly used iii eomposition by phieinii; the verb t>etween 
'ell — cpile'. I speal: Avith authori^', *Chincs-eh-kolkolt-cpilei' } 
T jndi;'e, think, will with authority, ^les-eh-mi-epilem, Jes-eli- 
zogo-epileni' ; 1 (piestion Fiirn as judge, *Ies-eh-st'U-j)ileni' ; I 
send him with authority, 4es-ch-kulst(}})ilem. 

3(1 I bless, pray as superior, les-eh-chau-pilem. 

4th I exhort as ehie^*, Fes-eli-naukan-epilem. 

;")th I forbid it as chief, les-eh-gacnepilem. 

0th T calumniate him in court, les-ch-iokopilem 

AUTUMN, n. S'che6i. 

AVAIL, V. f. 1st I avail mvsclf of — Tes-tenrm, Kolstem'm. 

But it is better rendered by givini*; the object availed of the instmi- 
inental form of the verb. Sco Use. I avail m^'self of this 
horse, *Gatlzinemcn lie catlzin' ; I avail mvself of your liat, 
^Ivoazkancmlzin lu an-koazkan' ; IF(^ availed himself of inv 
liousc, *Ko zitgumcHs hi inzitgu*. 

2d With the verb gain* See Gain. 

od What avails it me? Ik-stem hi shei ? Ikl-ntemten ? See Tco. 

4th It avails, Ktemten. 

5th Of no avail, Itcnemus, Tarn ntemten. 

AYAllICR, n. Sieiiikue, Sickomin. The foi-mer means tlic habit, 
tho latter an act ot refusing to give; one's goods to others 
throu^'h tenaciousness. 

Avaricious, a, leiukue, Ikomemen, Zuziucht. 

AVENGE, \\J. Jes-eichs'shtcm. See Ei. 

Avenger, )\. Eiehs'shzutcn, Sgueichscm. 

AVOID, r. X. Ics-goUu<inem, Ics-hinechstem. Luen. 

2d Avoid the sight of— les-raenzem. 

BAG 21 

3d Avoid for fear, or Bluness, les-iiakaminem. Sec Uakaukl. 

AWAKE^ a. To be a^vake, 1st l^ot to sleep, I-chin-guus. 

2d To keep onsclf awake, Chines-gussemisti* 

3d To keep another awake, not to let liini sleep, les giiusim. 

4tn From being asleep, breaking up the sleep, ('hines-kei}ti. 

5th Wide awake, Giisgust. 

Awake r. t, les-KciHeiii. 

Awake, v, i. Chincs-k^iHi. 

Awakener, n, »SgukaHumsh. 

AWAY, adv. 1st To be away, Lcliin-eho. 

2d 1*0 take away, les-ehomem, Tes-guieni, les-tlekuni, 

3d To go away, Chin-guisti. 

4ih To run away, Ch'ines-telkomi. 

5th To send away, les ozkaem, les-nieeniiiieni. 

Gth To throw away,Tes-goelem, les iskolem, les-zkamineni, 

7th To carry awa}', les-guiusem, les-gutpusem. 

AWE, n. To be in awe, Cliines-iaamini, les-poteeni. 

AWFUL, a. laiat, X})Oteten, Ngallutom. 

AWHILE, adv, Lishe. 

AWL, n. Tekomen, Ptptkoniinem. 

AXE, n. Shelemin. 

AZURE, a, Chagalaskat, lit. Sky-like. 


BABBLER, n, KolkoltuL 

BABY, n. Ogtelt, Skukuimelt, pi S/VJmclt. 

BAC^TIELoi?, n. Tituil. 

2(1 Old bachelor, Chin-chenu-heumuint. See Cheni. 

BACK, ?i. 1st The whole of a man's back, S'cliilehemineligu. 

2d The hind part of a man, Snchemichen. In coni])osition 'n — 
ichen'. I arrive at his back, overtake him, ^lus-n'chizn'iche- 
nem' ; I turn my back Thines-nemenchini* ; IFeavy loaded 
on the back, 'Ciamcchini' ; Sore back, 'Es-npozchini' ^ 1 stand 
at his back, ^les-nt'shelchichnem* 3 I la\- at his back, Mes-nlkt)'- 
ichincm' ; T sit at his back, Ics nemtichinera/ See. Saddle, 

22 HAK 

PiK'k, Loiul. 
3d The middle part of the back, loins, SV-hemt^iis.- In composition 

* — ens'. Sore back, lumbago, *Es-za]eiis'. 
4th The lower part of the b:rck, Sokamcp. In com])o.sition ' — epi- 

lom*. ] whip him on the hack, les-t-pepilem' ; I put it on Ins 

back, •*Tes-lkoepiIem' J I wound his bai^k with a pointed iii- 

fttrument, ^les-luepilom*. 
5tb Back of an animal, Sntixoichcn. 
6th Back of a house, (/hompulegu. 
Back, adv. VA—. To go haek, 'C!iin-el,ii;ui' ; T<» turn back, '(-hin- 

elpelchusi' ; To give back, *Elguizlten* ; To take back, Kl- 

kuen' ; To come back, Ohin-elzgui.* 
I^ack^ V. f. Ist To back horses, etc., Tes-nneupem, Tes-bakem, (by a 

barbarous Americanism) ; les igannunem. 
2d To turn back aiiimals that are rnnni::L^ awrv, les-kolzakoni. 
8d To go on his back, Tcs-c.hemt6usem. 
4lh To support, second, Ics-olkshiteni, les-ngaztusem. 
Back, V. i. 1st To back out of a bargain, engagement, (.Mnncs-rjcl- 

kueusi, C'hines-nuc''Upi. See Lko. 
2d To pull back, ChincH-nuc^upi. 
BA(MvBlTK. r. /. Ohines-uekuzini. 
Backbite, r. t. Tes-nekuzineni. 
Backbiter, n. Ukuzincmen, (if addicted to); Ukuzinemenzuten, (it" 

of a Tiamed person); SgiiuMcuzin, (if done on somebody's nc- 

BACK-iroUHK, n. vSnmenechten. 

BAD, Teie. Jn composition 'Ches — '. / 

BADGK, n, Chmiiten, (/hsuguskeliguten. 
BADGE B, n. Sngoigotechin,.Sigoig6. 
BAG, (Flatiieads), Ohkogncus j (Kalispels), Thikane. 
2d Ttrawbag, Thikane. 
8d Linen bag, Spezen. 
4th To open a bag, Tes-kolintelajiem. 
r)th To fil! a bag with grains, les-npkum. 
BAC-K^VGE, ;?. Stakelzut, /?/. Skamnelzut. 
BAIL, r. i To take the water out of a boat, Chines nseuili. 
BAIT, n. (^htkokaneieton. 
BAKE, r. >. C'hines-kol6pi. See Koli. 
Baker, ;/. Sgukoh^pem, Sgukolp6legum. 

BAN 2a 

Bakery, n, Snkolcptcn, Siikol{)ulegatcn. 

BAIjANCE, See Scales. 

Baliince, v. L le«-ketem. 

2d TIiC}' balance one another in weight, Kvketeineniu'gui. 

BALD, a. Chilokokaii. Sec iioko. 

BALES, n. Paralieshes full, Snzooligitcn. 

2d Bale of blankets, Chazelizc. 

BALK, r. f.IIorsc balk, Es-galgaleniisti. 

BALL, n. Play ball, S'chchegume. 
2d To play at ball, Es-i)kulemi. 
3d To wrap up in balls, le.s-ch'cni. 

4th Musket balls, Iniilniilko. Ball mould, Snkulnulniilkoten. 
5th Dance, Skoiniinenzut, Stelkanziit. Sec Dance. 

BAND, n. Bandage, Elchminten ; Bandage for the head, Elchkcin- 
ten, Lkokciutcn 

2d Troop of horscS; etc; One band, Xkuseni, Nkoaksus; Many 

bands, 'Goeaksus'. 
od A troop of men, Nkoeligu ; Two troops, 'Ks^leligu' ; I divi(h^, 
them into to bands, ^les-eseltligum' ; 1 make one band of 
them, les-nkoeligum, Tcs-nkoliguc^usem. 

BANDAGE, v. t, les-chelchim. Sec Lich. Bandage the head, 
*Ies-elchkcincm' ; Bandage the foot, ^Ies-cheU*hs]iiiiinr ; Band- 
age the eyes, *Ics-ilguscm. See Iclg. 

BANLSII, V. t, les-meeminem, les-ozkaem. 

BANK, n. Of a river, lake. 1st The steep elevation, Selchetzin. 

2d Shore, Sgazim; On the shore, 'La rsgazim. In composition 
* — zinetiku\ 

Sd High bank, Es-iilpapaa. 

4th f easy access , 1-gcsz i ne t i k u . 

5th Eough bank, Lcheszin6tiku. 

6th Eocky bank, Es-shenshnetiku. 

7th To reach the shore, Chin-ch*znctiku. 

8th To stand on the shore, Chin-echsushznetiku. 

9th To walk on the shore, Chin-gusguszn6tiku. 

BANKRUPT, a. Euined. Gutcmszut. 

BANQUET, n. Skolsinzut. 

Banquet, r. i. Chines-kolsinzuti. 

Banquet, v, t. To give a banquet to, les kolzincm ; I givo a banquet 

24 BAT 

to my son, ^Chines-kolzinelti* ; I give a banquet to the people, 

BAPTISM, n. hn Ibatcm. 
Baptize, r. f. les-lbatemera, les-lcolem, Tes-nialieni, les-giuzltcin, 

J-jii Ibat^m. 
The Spokans, especially Protestants, say les-baptaisem. 
BARE, ^/. i-16k. Bare-footed, *Es-ptlptlshin'; Bare head, 'Es-ptl- 

Pare, v. f. To uncover any part ef the body, ^les-cheheni. 
EAPGAIX, See Trade. 

2d To break a bargain, Chines-nclkueiieusi. See Lko. 
8d To make a bargain, Kaes-kamkamilshi. 
4th To conclude a bargain, Kaes-uis'kamlVamilshi. 
EAEK, n. The outside bark, Childlgu. 
2d The inner bark, Zeguic. 

?)d To take oif the bark lengthwise, Chines-chgutldlkoj. 
4th To take it all around, Chincs-chaumalkoi. See eunu 
5th To take the inner bark, Chines-chzguialkoi. 
Bark, v. i. Es-kolkoelti. 
BAPLEY, n. Lorge. 
PARX, 71. For grains, Snspkeinten 3 Earn for cattle, Sntpieut*ska- 

EAEKEL, w. Chiluize. See Gun. 

PAEEEX, a, Woman, Chistemelt. Barren land, Itenemus. 
EAEEIEE, Sec Fence, Trench. 
EASHFUL, a, Zeesh^men, laiaskaliguh 
EASIX, n. Wash basin, Snzeusten. Table basin, Ivapclze. 
EASKET, n. Gulichen. 
EASSO, 71. NioHcan. See lult. 
BASTAED, a, Szl^chst. 
EASTION, n. Smito. 
BAT, M. Telteleuie. 
BxVTH, n. Szaulsb, Sz'zoozaulsh. 

2d Bath-room, apparatus, pond, Snzoozaulshten. See Zeu. 
8d Steam bath, Slakaist, i. e. to bury oneself in a sweat-house. 
Bathe, v. i. Chines-zaulshi, Cnines-zoozaulshi. 
2d To tJ^ke an Indian steam bath, Chines-lakaisti. 
3d A foot-bath, Cbines-kalutetikui. 
Bathe, r. t. Ics-zoozaulshem. 


BE 25 

BATTLE, n. Spelstaegu, SilinutWu. 

2d Battle-ficld, Snspclstu^guten. See Eight, War. 

HAAYDY-IIOrSK, n. Snuiuigutcn. 

BAY-IIOESE, I-ptigii. 

IjVj, To, r. subs. Ist All nouns, adjectives and advcrL;-;, d-jfluJlo, Ir.- 
ciudc already' tlic verb he, simply by dropping the article 4u'. 
lie is an Indian, ^Skeligu' ; The Indians, ^-Lii skcligu'. She; is 
3Iary, ^^Uialy' ; Mary, ^hu. Maly'. He is God, 'Kclh.zuton' ; 
Grod, ^L\i Kolinzuten'. Ho is good, it is good, ^Gcst'; The 
good, 'hii gest'. I am chief, 'Chin-ilimlgum' ; I, the chici', am 
^ poor, ^'Lii chin iliniigun), u chin-konlvoini'. I am, it is I, 'KoK*'; 
I myself, ^hu. koi^*. 

-X. B. When connecting adjectives to substantives notice must be 
taken which of the two is afiected by the verb be, and then 
that one is j^haced first without the article and followed by 
the other with the article, v, g, God is good, *Gest l,u Kolin- 
zuten'; Mary is the virgin, Olaly lu stiichmish' ; ]\Iary is a 
virgin, not married, 'Stiichmish hi Maly'. 

2d To be, when used with nouns or adjectives indefinite, is render- 
ed by ^ep'. I call indefinite the nouns, etc., preceded by the 
article a, an, some, any. There was a man, *Ep-sk61igu' ; 
There is a God, ^Epl-Kollnzuten' ; There are bad ones and 
there are good ones, some bad, some good, 'Epl-gcst, u eplr- 
teie. Evidently this verb cannot have but the third indefinite 
person, because in the phrases, I am, thou art, etc., the per- 
son cannot be more specified. 

I>oth make the subjunctive with the 4v\ I am good, ^Chin-gest' ; 
I must be good, ^Chiks-gesti' ; Thou art chief, ^Ku-ilimigum' ; 
Thou must be a chief in deeds, ^Kuks-ilimigui' ; There is a 
chief, 'Epl-ilimigm' , There must be a chief, ^Kaepl-ilimigum'. 

3d When governing a substantive governing another substantive, 
namely a possessive, to be is rendered by ^t' prefixed to the ob- 
ject possessed, and the possessor is conjugated- as in paradigraa 
(2). I am the mother of God, ^Ko-sk6is t-Kolinzuten' j I am 
chief of the Kalispels, Uvo-ilimigum t-Kalisp61im' ] You are 
the father of Paul, *Ku leeus t-Paur ; We arc the masters of 
our hearts, *Kae-cheltichlils t-kae-spuus' ; lie is the slave of 
the devil, ^Skoangais lu t-sgoelcmcn. 

N. B. If the ^t' is not prefixed, then the sentence looses the mean- 

26 BKA 

inr' of Iv:p''' ni.'l i-'';:;:'.;;-.-' ;l ;i; ;::: ■■'>-.\".';i;>L' .v.; .','. r :; "■.■ ^ 
n'H'din"* n vcr'' fi'"'' it^-; sr'-rrrt. I, :r/)'^'^r of "^.'/!\ 'M ) ■ ': ' 

p.-,,.1» . T].(^ -■'-A-,^ <^'^Vr, fl^.v'l <T., .,,."•-, ,.\. ,-.,-, 1.. . ., /l ., .,, 

4tb To ho \v, cA liomo, riu'i^es-emi'iti. 

r>fh To bo, 1.0 ronKii'i in c.^'v v^':v:(^, C!ii:i;3." I'^i:. 

Otb r ;nn hero, To loo ii cl^invs-olo:. 

Tt!) T nm tibsont, f-ehin-cho. 

•^th 1 Jim prosont, Chin-shci. 

8th T am among, Chin-nshoi. 

"BEADS, ;?. l^-t^A^ iierkbco of boaJ^^ Sli^ilc-^s. 

^ n I T^'M ' r^ »*• f^ t k r*n 1 ' "77 1 ^>^ 'i o • '*> '>' 7 r * t ''/ ' " ' ?>"^ "^^ -' ' "> T^^ ' ■ i ^ ^ ' ^ «^ ^ * ^- ^ - \ . ' . 

Oroon br-'';:, 'C]>ko:l:o::if;s^ ; Eed bciids, ^' ; 13ra:.. 
beads, Cbiziknzikus. 
8d E-nds "Ro^iirv, F^Mkii. I tcdl the bj-ds, •Cl^incs-chuul lu re.; 

BEA'R, t'. /. To ondiire, IcR-niauIscMii. Sec To. 
2d To produce, Iesd:61ilcm, Chk61ile:ii. ' 

od To brir."- forth vo"v:;- ov.o^, !o.: tki:ilt?r;i, r^sclilivMilti^m. S<^i 

Bring, Carry, Fetcdi. 
4(h I o'lnTiot bo:ii' him, Ios-ncch6]scni. S.^c Ehc, To. 
Bear, v. ?*. Ohinos-niAid.d. Chinc?-k61:!i. I ciiiinot bL^ar, 'Ta ''o-niciul^, 

EEAE, n. Black boar, Xlamkae. 
2d Grizzly bear, Smg<>ichcn. 

?>d The constellation of the bear, Smgcicbinaskat, 
4th To dress as a bear to decoy thcni, Chincs-mgclchiniilksl. 
BExVEB, n. Supzin. 

BEA'REB, ?}. Sgukoelt, (ifpacking) ; Sguukum, Ukrji/:utcn. 
BEAST, 72. Guigueiul. To r.iakc a bciist of onci^elf, 'Chln-]:6]ir4, 

Chin-gnigueial, Chin-agi^ileiTi t-chiii-guiguciuL 
BEx\T, V. t. Sec strike. 1st To excell, Ics-chgoz^znunem. 
2d To win, Ics-tlegupem. 
3d To prevail on him, Teslkom, Lkontcn. 
BEAT, r. f. The heart beats, Innikinniiliu, Es-r.tcdize, I ti.::; lu i- 

BEATITUDE, n, 1st The rejoiehig, Slcmniszut. 

2d The cause of beatitude, Xpiclstcn/Chlemm.ozuten. 
BEAUTJFUL, a. Gest, Sumumt. Sec Uiuumt. . How beautiful, 

Ln sgest. 

BEF 27 

.:.ZAVEIi, n, lai bkaitu. 

J;i 2\cw born bcuver, Sznp^^) j His bkiii, 'i'zphclgu' 3 Jlis l:.i;, -Szn- 
posupjs' ; lli.s head, Sznp'saiakiin. 

:]d A beaver one year old, Skoi. 

Uh To trap boavor, Chlnco-fliskaicngi, C'hlhto-iuiiiii. 

. .li To go lo liio L.:avvr traps, Ciiihc^i-ihi^^tni. 

i'l'^CAUBi'^, ( ^'ij' Xeli. Hut usually the Indians place thi^ con- 
juiiction net bofbi'c the reason given, but before the phrase 
j^^jv ;'v,vl':,^_^-. I\;r ibis I behiive, because you spoke, '2sc;i cain- 

::.;i.ii.gucne, :'.iV\ iai-kolk;;^] I, or l\i)\\ ku-koikoMi, gol.^hji chin-non- 
iiigu<^ne. Sec For. 

ni^COJ'iE, V. i. To gro'.v' by :k!\v p-;jL. ^.; into cmylhing, is render- 
ed by tlie form of the verb inchoative, ^ — ihdu'. 1 become good, 
'Cbin-gestikslr j I become v»-ise, 'Chin-pagpagUIshk 

2d By a iKilural process it is rendei'cd by the form in ^ — pni:,* or 
^1,^ nnd this hitter mostly witlr- objects aniniate. I become 
good, Chincs-gesti' 5 1 become tired, ^ChuKs-aigoti' ; 1 become 
mad, ^Chiiios-aimti' ; It becomes dry, Mis-gami)mi' ; It becomes 
bjose, 'Es-talpmi' , It becomes flooded, 'Es-melpmi'. 

3d P>y ^onc^'s exertion, '('hind.olist', (I make niyseli") ; I become 
poor by my ov/n deeds, 'Chind^vMist chindconkuint' ; I become 
poor, ^Chni-korxkointk 

itb By cbarunni** nature, Chin.dvolij. The rod became a snake, 
•'Lu zkucehslen kolil t'sibcudc' ; The dust became nH)S(piitv)es, 
'iiU malt kolil t'iclaks'. 

Bjcomc, r. t. To iit, l)ch:).)ve, i'^sdieem. It Ij-.-comcs me, dvo-s'iicem* ; 
It becomes us, *Kaesdiec4ulilt. 

Becoming, a, lu. 

2d Unbecoming, Tas-io. 

BED, n, Snil'shiten, Sntkotin. 

2d Bcd-cloilics, n. Chilguizcten, Sizem, snizten. 

od Bed-male, Snkulelit-sh. 

4th Eed-time, (diit'shten. 

i)th To go to ijed, Cddncsdkoti. Scud to bed, icsdkDUm. 

BEEF, n. Skeitich. 

BEET, n, Red beet, Sngul, lilmthim. 

BEKOIvE, adi\ Tie. fn composition 't — ' jircGxcd to the verb. [ 
went before, ^Chin-t-gui' ; I knew it before, 'Est-mis(6n'; 1 
thought of it before, 'Eul-t-pagsttn. I told thai before, T 

L>s BEG 

r.'-' *i V.' li* ; T tn:iko it before bandj Tos-t-kolem' ; T sec it be- 
fore hand, *Ies-t-uichcm. 

!' (* ;• \ i' .'"■;'. "J't J'^ tb'C presence, in the fiice, Lu rsmilchmcls. See 
' 'luMn. You are before Hod, in his presence, 'Lu I'.sniilchniclsz 
Tr ,i«'>'/';t'si n ]:p.-lz!i. In (•(»n"ip')sitio!i, Mml — els'. T .'-tand bc- 
f r^ •'>>' \ ^Tos-r.ii'-t'slielsli-elscm !u Jvolinzuten* ; I .sit before 
,him, ']es-mi]-e'int-elseiii' 3 T h^.y it before him, ^Jes-miKt'ku- 

•' ! In fro'^t o'^lbe b.onse, in the viwl, T/ehincbJnclLCu' ; To stand 
b'?f)re tlic lioir^e, C^hines-chechsus-chinelgu' ; 1:: iront of the 
door, *TiMcolinchemep* ; Tie stands before the door, *Es-ch-ech- 

;l(i Opposite, T/stotstogt. 

r u Tli^rher in dii^nitv, Es-nshiizin tcL He is before me, 'Es-nshii- 
zin tel koie\ 

I^efore, jirrp. of time 1st Preceding a nonn in the ])ast, 't — m.' 
I arrived tonr dnvs before Sunday,* T-mcslrat ni-cliazcus u chin- 

L* ' In theT^rc'-ent *chc t — m.' There are vet four da vs before Sun- 
(kiv, *Che t-moskat m-chaze*us,. 

:' \ In th^ future, *nc ehc t — m\ You "\vi!l come four days -before 
Christmas, Nem kn-zgiii, ne ehc t-muskat, m-tapskob'gu\ 

\\h Preceding a verb, in the sense of not yd, Ziuzi, Ta. T arrive<I 
before !ie died, *Ziiizi tlil, u chin-koU'hizsh, or Tas tlil u chin- 
kolchiz sh\ 

5th Preceding a verb, in the sense of being near to do anything, is 

ren<lered by the simple mode subjunctive, especially before 

the participle. Before dying he prayed, ^Ln ks-tlilemi, sh«M 

chdum' ; Before you confess (confessing) you must pray, ^h\x 
ne kuks-nraipemist, m-ku chaum. 

6th Immediately before, (past) Irm p6tu Ishei u ks — ; (present) 
Potn ks — ; (future) J:a\ ne potu Ishei m-ks — . Just before 
starting he cried, *iju potu Ish^i n ks-imshi u zkoako*; I am 
just before receiving, *P6tu chiks-nkaezini*; Before dying he 
will confess, ^Jju no p(')tu I'shei m-kstlil, m-nmipcmist*. 

7th To go before, (in time) Chines-tgui ; (in space ahead) Chines- 
shiitemi, Chines-golshitusi. 

BEG, r. i. Chines-galit'shi. See Ask. 

2d Beg food, Ghines-ngalizmi; Beg from a friend, Chines-ulhui. 

BEH 29 

3 1 V>K y^ i: iK-il, Indian slyk', without 'saying a woi'd, Chinets-ka- 


4 lb n.-^- ilto, Cliinos-nkuenpi. 

5tli L.^ .\r: help, Cbiacs-choimsti. 

P>o_- •. '. I>.>4:."I;l':iI:oin. Uq-j: soiiiethiiii;" Worn \\iiu. or for him, 

'I. ■- .,\v k'.-hitem' ; I beg that for oi* i'roni him, ']es-gaiUltem\ 
BEG]7i\ '. f. ri'ocreate. Sec Bring iorlh. 
liE(iGAb\ n, Ngalzn6mcii, Sgungalizin. 
l^Ern^j . . ■. Tborc is no proper verb for it. lot EendereJ by 'lie'. 

r " ! -,'-"'5 to walk, 'Tie es-giistelui-si' j I l)egin to work, 'Tie 

2d l>y, Chincs-tagoliisi, I turn my band to, J 

tur.i myself to. 
Begin, , . :. Lst Ey ^tle' with the active verb. 
2J By los <'htagol6chstem, les-chtagol\^scm. 
3d Icb-Ji' liizinusem. Sec Chiz. 
Bci;'::n> ';...•, ii. It i^ tlio boirinnin;::. I am at tbe beii-innini::, I arrive 

at ih'^' beginning, Chihes-nehizinus. To day is tlic beginning 
i; Mcnlh of TJai-y, ^letlgoa I'sgalgalt nehizinus hi s])akaniis 

^liM.'; ^Ve arrive at the beijinninii: of Lent, ^Kae-nchizinu- 

-> i.U :;i ]u uislopenebstarfkat' ; Beginning of the prayei*, 'Tgo- 

BEIIAT.r, See For, Avail. 
BEIIA V!' r. /*. (1iines-a^6ili. I behave mvself well, Gest ii ebme.s- 

ageilem, Gcstlu in-zudt. 
2d To 1 Iiave like Inm, Cbin ageilem t — . You behave yourself 

liki n sensible boy, *Ku agcilem tdai-pagpagt ku-titiut*. 
3d To b'liavo well, Chines-gesti. You must behave yourself well, 

'X. ni kn-es-gestem\ 
4th To l>ebave bad, Chines-teic. My wife behaves badly, ^Es-tciem 

\w in-ii6gouog. 
5th To bebavc oneself toward another, les-ageilem, les ehizutech- 

stem. J behave towards liim as to my lather, I treat bim like 

my father, ^Ageistcn t'in-pogot, or Cbizuteehstemen I'in-pogut'. 

See Zuu, Gest, Ches. 
Behavior, n, Zuut, Xkolemen. 

BEHEAD, r. t (a man), les-ifichscm ; (an animal), Jes-ngotusem, 
BEHIND, jor^f/). IstBacdc of a man, L'siudjemieben. See Back. 
2d Behind another, L's'ehitelziis. 

80 BEL 

:](\ T>^ ^«:^''; '^ ' h':h\\n], (I'ctro), Chiiios-cutopi. Wc go boliirid the 

!f]i '''^> lo')k Icliind oneself, back, (''hir.cs-n:izi:;fic'h7izriti. 

"Ml To lo(^k behind another, Tr?;-nazgaepem. 

n^h To look 1]'' bdiiTid hirr), Ios-ehnazire.!>ein. 

7th To be, r'^'! b'hin:', -not to reaeh a po:i>t^ an oltje'-t, a digni- 

tv, rhinkoltnin, See l^iin. 
Sth To be inferior, Chin-ezeiit. 

104V> To vit bt^h'.nd, lo.-^. iientr'^-'nT, Kaes-rai!it( peni. 

IVdiind, (7.:/r. >Jnst be rendered, witli phrijse not yet , ov y-t, Vk^w 

vrere left bf^hird alivo, *C'!-e chK'iet \\\ fxidireik' ; Tli'-y :ire be- 
hind, Che eho, Vt. Still absent. 
F^KHOLT), r. f. res-a?:f.!:ani, les niehein. 
Behold, cxcL ^Fa. 
BPIF.CH, r. "'. Ohinesdcoakoimti. 
BELFRY, n. Snloliulsh. 
BBL«E, See Lie. 

BELIEF, ??. 1st The believinjr, Snoniniriu'-ne. 
2d The objeet believed, v^znoningnene. 
•3d The virtue of believinjx, Snoiiinicacnc^len. 
4th Opinion, vSzntels. 

Believe, v. i. < hines-nonino-ocnei, Cliines-ntclsi. 
Believe, ?*. /. les-noningneneem, Tes-nteLsem. >'ot t=> be lUve, les- 

BELL, 71. Loliubdi. To ring the bell, 'les lium, Tc-s b^lhinf; To 

call Avith the bell, lesdiunishtem, Ihinilten'. 
2d Boll riLii-er, w. Sirulium. 
3d Dog-bolls, 71, Chpasauie. 
BELLOW, V. i, Es-kolkocdti. 
BELLOWS, 71. Pugiistcn. 
BELLY, n. Olin. In composition, for tiie outside belly, 'eh — eus'. 

Big belly, nJhkiitencHis'; Swollen belly, 'CMiskueus. See Suk. 
2d For the inside * — enehi'. Swelling up b.ard, as by winds, 'V.s- 

kagnpeneh'; Relayed, When emptied of the wir.ds, Ks-psun- 

Belly-aeho, E«-ehxaleneh. 
BELLY-BOUND, Costive, Esdvagnpeneh. 
BELONG, r. i, Jiendered cither by the verb T lave or ?MM'f have. 

BEN 31 

iLj llii.ig, Clui.^i)-.}M J, CIiil::i|j-slCi ; or H is ?Uuii'j or I a/a t,ie 

wtCt-l.L/" ^J it. It Och^iJ^'S to lliCj j.\.OiC :U Uiii^acp-^lO' ^ -'-1-3' plOj.J- 

<- ^'oj'j ^ '."v.* 1 .-'tv.iri j 1 iLiii tiu) liiiioLvjr^ o\»iii.i' Oi. ity '^xO-ciiciciCiiio . 
'Wlioni doco Ihii:! belong to ? ^SuoL u Jviiep-.slu lie' ? I, it is 
nilne, ^Koic' ; Tiiko wluxL belongs to liiou, 'Kuciil la l;u-cp-oU, 
Ku('nt III tec astosn'; It is your horse, it belongs lo you, 'Au- 
.gatlziii' ; Y©ii must have the horse, it belong.i to you, Mn;;i 
ku-kaepl-gntlziii'. See Be, ILivc, Own, Appropriate. It 
does not belong to him, 'Tuni stes'. 

BELOVED, a, Gairieiich, Szpaikogameneh. 

j^j-i.ijw «v , ti'v^i. a.oi, ill jjitiee, -li iiioiiiit. K^'co' iolj . i i'oiii uCiOvV^ 
'Teliiisbdl'. In eoiuposlLion 'KuF. 

2d In dignity, age, Ez^ut. 

»*>J Down tiie river, in a lower altliude, 'Uloinelii'. 

Below, j;?Tj>. Bclovr mc, L'is-kolishut ; Below thee, L'askolishul. 

BELT, n. Woman's belt, Snpuleh^lks. 

2d Maa*s belt, Sheleheus. 

3d If worn under tlie coat on the pants, >Skulishltups. 

EEISrCII, Snehelcmuten. 

BEXD, o. i. 1st To be inclined, to have a bent, propen;:Uty, les-ch- 
gulutcm, chgulatoinstcii. Tie bends on money making, 'Es-ch- 
gulutemsts lu ululim' ; I bend on praying, Chin-ehguhitem, 
Chin-chgulutcin cbs'chaui\ 

2d To be bent, inclined, Eseotuiem, Chines-ehtuiem. See Tuieni, 

C Out of pcrpendieuhir, ready to fall, Es-kilzcliemi. 

Bend, t\ t. 1st By straining, Ics-tkumim. 

2d By turning out of the direct course, les-salkom. 

Oil By inclining it towards any object, les-tuiem. 

4th By folding it in two, to ply, ^les-pnim. Sec Pin. 

5th By turning it in a circle, Ics-ialkom. 

6th By forcibly pulling the top of a tree, les-lojjkanem. 

7th Bend the head tov/ards any one, Chines-chitoikani. By sni- 
ply lowering down the head, Chines-npnusi. 

8lh Bend the knee, Chines-koish^ni« See Koi. 

Oth Bend the bow, Chincs-chzkuinchi. See Zuk. 

Bent, ci. Inclined, prone to, Chgulutem, Es-chtuiem. 

Bent, ?i. S'chgulutcni. According to our bent, as we are bent, *Ez- 
Hg^il t'kae-B'chgulutem'. 

82 BES 

BKNEDICTIOX, n. Szcbaiisht, S'chVhdupilo. 
BEXEFIT, r. f. Ics-gcstshitem. 

Bv.MicfiK'tor, /?. Xkoiiiicuienzutcn, Gcsti^Iiizuton, Guz^l. .' > .'. 
HEXEYOLEXCK, ^LSgespnus, Snkonnltunisli, Snkon. ; ia'.:.Ltcii. 
"R^novoIcRt, a. rie-p'.'.'H, EMiko!r.ilf, I :iiu Iv.i ■ -u.^Tit Iv) 

him, les-c1igcspiUiSeni, Tc.--cligc.^:-u'tom. 
BRQrEATOE, r. t, les-chkolkoeltoin, I. ^>c-hi:(-u]h': :::::. 
T^ef[ucst, '/?. Any present rtHcivcd from a <lynig p-.:. ; T . olkoni- 

2d A lu^rse l)C(pae:ilbecl to inc by ii dying friend, I-^-V!: .:.skag:ie. 
8d A blanket bequeathed to me. I-salkomnize. 
4th A dress, shirt, I-salkomnalks. 
r)th Le;x2:ino!:s, I-palkomn^lkstshin. 
6th Food, I-salkomn^nc. 
7th House, Lodge, I-salkomnclgn. 
8th Gun, I-salkomnineh. 
9th Canoe, I-sa]komn6u]'. 
10th One of the wives, Xkoisten, and then the dead and the new 

husband, *Es-nkoztemonuegui. 
11th A crdkl, I-s'chtemplalt. These regard the bequest in as mueli 

as it concerns the legatee. 
Bequest, ??. From the testator, ChucuLshtis lu cs-tlilemi, Ut. The 

thing spoken ot by the dead. 
T^EEEY, n. Spiikalk. 
15EKRY, r. i. Chines-kolem. 
EESEECII, r. t. Mi. It is the Latin Quceso. 
^)d Ics-ehomistem. See Chau. Ics-kob^guogukunem, Ics-konzi- 

EESET, V. f. 1st To put around, les-ehchmizem. Hcc Chem. 
2d To put on, r. g. precious stones on a robe, les-chkolcm, Ics- 

*)d To press on all sides, Tcs-ehpcnizem, les-siechstem. Sec Pin, 

Si, Besiege, Crowd. 
RESIDE, />?•(?/?. At the side, L^s'ehisagam. Besides me, ^L'i-s'chiis- 

agam. See By, Aside. 
Beside, a, Ku^mt, Telzi. Sec Over. 
Besides, 2:>r^p. Over and above, Chgoezt. See Goezt. 
BESIEGE, V. t, les-ehidlom, les-chializem. 
Besiege, morally, les-si6chsteTn. •■ « ' 

BEW 38 

Besieged, I am besieged, ChincshiiiJclgu.^ 
BBSMEAE, 1st With whitening, cic.,ChiiiCS-poomi. 
2d AVith grease, Chiues-potli. 
3d With mud, les-mdlem. 
4th With tobacco juice, poultice, Jes-ptam. 
5th With ointments, les-sinem. 
6th With vermilion, Chinos-guemsi. 
BESTOWED, I am besnowed, Ko-es-mgom. 
BESPAETEE, r. ^ les-malem. 

BEST,.a. Gest, Nshiizin gest, Tel esia u gest, Shiumlgest. 
BET, 71, In gambling, Sgezgez, Xgazgazminten. 
Bet, V, i. Chines-gazgazmi. 
2d ]N'ot for gambling, Chines-tkomi. 

Bet I', t. In gambling, les-gazgazminem. Bet for other purposes, 
les-tkom ; I bet that, *Ies-tkoshiteni' j I bet to him, ^les-tkol- 
tem\ ?'. e, 1 bet that to him. 
BETOKEX, r. /. les-tkolsugumem. Sec Sign. 
BETEAY, By cheating, l^s-tkakanunem. 

2d To betray by delivering one to an enem\', Ics-kolguizshem. 
BETTEE, a. Gest lii tel. I feel bettei^ *Chin-elgestuilshi, I-chin- 

mii\, Chines-melmi. 
BETWEEX, prep, 1st In the intermediate space, or time, L'nihc- 

usem. See.Iheusem. Between two rivers, ^L'niheusc. 
2d With verbs it is usually rendered by placing the verb between 
. 'n — ens'. I sit between, ^les-nemtcusem'. See Emut. I 
stand between, ^les-nechsusheusem'. See Echsuish. I w\alk be- 
tween, les-ngusteusem'. See Gui. I pass between, les-nshi- 
stensem'. Se«3 Shiiis. I strike between, *Ies-nsp^usem'. Sec 
Spim. I scatter bad between, ^les-nchcscusem'. See Ches. 
I sleep between, les-nezeusem. See Communion, Unite, One. 
3d Belonging in common to one or more, Nko u ep — . AVe have 

the same faith between us, Nko u ka-ep-snoningoeneten. 
4th AVith relation to two or several, rendered by the verb recipro- 
cal, and sometimes by the copulative. They fight between 
themselves^ 'Es-spelstucigui', 
BEWAIL, p. t. les-chzkoakom, Ics-chpupiiscnchem, Ics-chzo6tem. 

See Zuk, Pupusench, Zoot. 
BEWARE, V. i. Chines-kolkoenisti, Shines-kolazgaraisti. See 
Koen, Azga. Chines sichstemisti. 

34 BIR 

BEWfLDEE, v, /. Ics-ostdsom. See Astonish. 

Bewildered, a. I am bcvrildcrcd, Chin-o6st, Chines-iemiui, Chin- 
crash Icanemisti, Chine3-nuil6lBi. See Uil. 

BEWITCH, V, f. To charm, entice, los-zkukununem. 

Bewitching, a, Zkmizuten. 

Bewitched, I urn bewitched by, les-zkukumincni. 

BEYOND, prep, Ist In general, Zi, Tel—, Zi, Chzi, Tol— . 

2d Beyond the rircr, Niskot, L'niskot, From beyond the river, 
*Lii tol nisk6t'. 

3d Beyond the mountain, Ch'telihichen. 

4th Beyond the valley, or ditch, Ch'ntcli^Izc. 

5th Beyond comprehension, Ta-ks-chisdgaei. 

6th See Over. 

BIBLE, n. hu kainiinti^ Kolinzuten. 

BICIPITAL, a. Asolaiakan. 

BIDENTAL. a. ISTeseleis. 

BIER, n. Sntkotin. 

BIG, a. Kuti\nt, lult. 

2d Big with child, Es-iumi, Es-ntku61ti, Es-ntkukuelti. 

3d To play the big, Chi:ies-kutiszuti. Big on account of his 
money, etc., 'les-chkutiazdtem lu in-ululim', 

BIGAMIST, n. For both ^xes, Pu-chesel. 

BILE, Gall, Kolii. 

BILL, n. The beak of ^ foul, Spsaks. 

2d To dip ths bill in water, as ducks do, Es-noopkasi, Pjs-uhi^ti- 
knms h\ S2)sak3. 

BIND, v. t, les-jcjiim, les-agdm. 

2d To constrain, oblige, lesdchemim, les chkolkoltdpilcm, Pes-ch- 

BIPED, a. Che8<^lshin. 

BIRCH TREE, n. Sizkanulp, Koln^lko. 

BIRCH-CREEK, n. Nzkanelp^tiku. 

BIRD, n. In general, Lu es-guegu^e, Lu guigueiul: cp-skapkapiisel. 

2d Small birds, before having plumes, Lp'plap61e. 

3d Sti*aw color bird, Atal. 

4th Yellow and gray bird, Spia, Skak6i- 

5th Long bill bird, (Curlewj, Gauitgauit. 

6th Imigrating birds, Stakat. They migrate, ^Estakati'; They 
return, *Elztakati*; Migrating season, ^Chtakaten, L e. Spring 

BLA 35 

and fall. They migrate to a warm country, ^Es chtakatoms \a 

BIRTH, n. The being produced, sSkoIil, S/.kulil. 
3d The act of producing, Chk6liltcn. 
Eirth-place, n. Snk61iltcn. 
Eirth-day, n. Chk61ilten. 
BISCUIT, Leavened, SnkoJvoipo. 
BISECT, BY the length, Tes-nicheleusem. Bisoot by the breath, 

BISHOP, tu Ebek, Koikoaialks ilimigura. 
BIT, n. For horses, Kolazpask«igaoten, Kolaze]>e.'iten, i, e. The 

part round the chin of the horse. 
2d The part inside of the mouth, Es-nchzcMkon. 
3d I take off the bit from the horse, Chines-kolptlpaskagaci, 
BIT, n. A .^mall coin of ten cents. Bit, 
BITE, V. f. les koeOm. 
Bito, n. Sko^c. 
BITTER, a. I-tag. 
Bitterish, a. I-U*tag. 
BITTER-ROOt, n. SpcHlem. 

BLACK, a. I-koai. Black man, Koais, K()i6>, Ueh'i. 
Black, V, t. Blacken, Jes-koaeim, leskoaeinunem. 
2d Black one's face. Chines koaiseinisti. 
8d Blacken a neighbor's name, les-koaeiniUtem hi skucsts, 
BLACK-BIRD, n, Tlachkan, ;//. Tkhtla, TIchllachkan. 
BLACK GOWN, w. Koaialks. 
BLACKSMITH, n. SgutPtoU.lim. 
Blacksmith shop, Sntetololin>. 
BLACK-GUARD, a. Guscs. 
Black-guard, 17. '. By wordj?, Chines-guaszani ; By deeds, \ hines- 

Black-guard, r. t. By words, Tes-ehguaszaneni^ ; By deeds, *Tes-ch- 

BLADDER, w. Sntcheitem. 
2d If extracted and blown, Snualsten. 
3d Inflammation of the bladder, Chines-kagujdtch^i. 
BLAME, r. t. Ics chilikonem. 
Blame, w. 1st The blaming, hn f^'ohilikon. 

30 BLE 

'li\ What is (li'sorvin^ of blame, hu suoloinszut. See I.'il. 

Blanicloss, Taopl-snclemzut. 

BLANKET, r. t. rcs-s'izoni. 

Blnnkct, n. Sizcin. 

2(1 What kiiul of blanket have voti ? 'Kn-stofni/.e ? 

Hd IFc Ijas a large one, Ktitenizc. 

4lh A small blanket, Lknkm'mize. 

r)th Good blanket, Gcsize. 

fUh Bad blanket, Chesize. 

Ttli Poor blanket, Konkonize. 

Sth White blanket, St6kai. 

i)th ]lcd blanket, Kiiilze. 

10th Black blanket, Koalze. 

nth Green or bine blanket, Knnize. 

12th Striped blanket, Keize, Skolai'igze. 

13th WoUen blanket, Tokaize. 

14th Old blanket, Kaspize. 

loth Spanish blanket, Spajolze. 

lOth Stroni' blanket Tlizize. 

17th Brown blanket, Spiiinize. 

18th Bale of blankets, Chazelize. 

19th I have no blanket, Chin-ohoaiika. 

20th I wear a double blanket, Chin-Chngapusize. 

21st 1 lay down my blanket, Chines-tak^izei. 

22d I pull my blanket over my head, Chin-chmkoakein. 

BLAZE, n. Sidip. 

BLAZE, V. }, Ghines-ulpmi, Ohines olshizti. 

BLEED, r. /. Chin-tigu sngul, Chines-millmi. 

2d To bleed from the nose, Chin-millaks. 

Bleed, ?'. t, les t<*lus6ganein. 

Bleeding, ??. Issuing of the blood, Szmillil, Szmellaks. 

2d The letting blood, Lu sztclusagan. My heart is bleeding, sor- 
rowing, 'Tign sngul hi ispuus'; lie is bleeding, In- a wound, 
cte., Tigu sngul. Sec Ilemorrhajxe.'' 

Blemish, 71. Suilem. It has some blemish, *Epl-esuilem' ; It li:is 
no blemish, *Ta ephesuilcm*. See Uil. 

BLESS, r. /. 1st To pray over, les-eh^'haupilem, los-chausliitem. 

2d To glorify, les kutenelsem, Ies-si.si8zincm, Jesltmzinem. 

Blessed, rt. 1st Knjoyiivg happiness, Letnrnszut. Blessed are the 

BLO 37 

poor, 'Leinmsziit }u konkoint.' 
2(1 rmpartiiig happiness, Slcmmsziit. IMcssed poverty, *SIemms- 

ziitcn hi skonkoint'; My blessed eliildren, 'Islemmszuten }ii 

Blessedness, n. l«t The being happy, Slennnszut. 
2d Causing happiness, Slemmszutcn. 
Blessing ??. A means of happiness, Slemmszutcn, Xgestin. This 

disease is a blessiiicr to voti, 'Akl-iio-estiu liiaszaT. 
2d A blessing pronounced upon anything, .S*eh*ehaupile, C'h'chaii- 

pilenzuten. (jive mo your blessing, ^Ko-ch*chaupilent, or Ko- 

chaushit, Give your blessing to my child, Ko-chauit hi i-sgu- 

sigult, Ko-ch'chdupilelt hi i-sgusigult'. 
J>d A morcy favor, Snkonin. Your sickness is a blessing to you. 

'.V-snkonin \\i as-ehzal61s\ 
BLIXI), a. Es-cliinemkein. 
2d Blind of one eye, covered, Es-chgucps. Blind ot the eye, burst- 

cd, ^Es-ntkusi. 
8d Blind of both eyes, covered, Es-chgu])*gueps. 
4th Snow-blind, Zechelus. Half blind bv the suow *Tikus'. 
Blind, ?*. i, les-ntkusem. I burst his eye, I burst his cyeSj les-nt- 

Blindness, n, S'chincmkein. 
Blind-fold, v. t, les-iliguscm. See Iclg. 
Blind-folded, a, Esiligus. 
BLISS, n. ]Sipielsten. See Pii. 
2(1 Blissful countenance, T-chin-piis. 
.•5d Blissful eyes. I-chin-chpiis. 

BLTSTEB, n. 1st The litlle bladder filled with fluid matter, in 
* general, Sagkomenzut. 
2d Blisters on ihe hands, Sagokiieehst. 
Hd Blisters on the feet, Sagokoshin. 
4th Vesicatory of Spanish flies, etc., riizpakamiu. See Zapk^ 

5th To lanaet a blister, Ics-tkum. 
Blister, r. i. It blisters, Agkomenzut. See Chehek. 
Blister, v. t, Tes-shinim. 
BLOCK, r. t. 1st A door, les-kolinleepcm. 
2d Block a passage, Tes-kolinnogu^pem. 
3d Block a road, fes-noguaksem. 

88 BOA 

BLOOD, n. Sngul. See Ngul. 

2d Clot of blood inside of a animals body, Miticbid. 

3d T spit blood, Cbincs-npulzini, Chines-ptiiiz:oi t'sngal; Chinesnl- 

4th Blood-red, blood stained, I-tlum. 
BLOOD INDL\NS, Snguls'chi. 
BLOOM, t\ f. 1st Of trees, Es-zakoalkoi. 
2d Bloom of flowers, Es-zekomi. 
3d In general, Es-kualemi. 
BLOSSOMS, n. Szkodlko, Sy.e6ko. 
BLOT, i\ t. Slain, Tes-ehtkum, Teskoeinuncm. 
Blot out, t?. f, les-zsim, les-gnkununcm, les-ci^pom. 
BLOW, V. i. 1st Win<l blowing, Es-ncnti. See Xeiit. 
2d Blowing of a breeze, Es-gaami. 
3d To breathe hard, pant, Chines-popeulHhi. 
4th To sound, as the bugle blows, Es-npiigulze. 
r)(h To brag, Chines-nshiizinemisti. 
Hth To throw out air from the mouth, Chincs-pugui. 
Blow, r. f. 1st To throw air i/om the mouth on a person, etc., Tes- 

2d Wind blowing on an object, Es-n^ums. Sec Ntu. 
3d Breeze blowing on an object, Es-gaams. 
4th To sound an instrument, les-npugulscm, Ics-npugum. 
5th To spread news around, les mimim. 

•ith To swell an object by blowing air into it, Ies-p6um, Ics-npcMim. 
7th To blow in the fire, Chines-pugusi. 
8th To blow out a candle, Ies4epsem. 
9th To blow one's brains, Chines4gokanzuti. See Log. 
10th To blow the brains of another, les-lgokeinem. * 

BLUE, n. The same as green, I-ko'in. 
BLUNDER, r. L Chines-sellpmi. See Sol. 
Blunder, w. Scliiip. My blunder, I-sell\\p. 
BLUNT, a. Iliilt. 
BLUSH, r. L Chines-zeeshmi. 
2d Blush for shame or i*agc, Chincskoclshizt. 
Blushing, a. Es-zeeshcmi, Zeesh^men. 
BOARD, n. See Plank. 
2d To go on board, Chincsnldkshilshi. 
Board; r. f, Ie6-6mtcm. 



BOAST, r. i. Chines-nshiiziszuti. 

2d Boast of anything, los-chnshiiziszutom. 

BOAT, n. Canoe, ship, ctc^ 1st Of bark, Tlic. 

2(1 Of wood, Stitein, 

3d Flat boat, Stk^uh 

4tli Steamboat, Solshi, Stile u). 

5th Lodge or skin boat, S'chlchetiku. See Cho. 

6th One boat, Nkoeul ; Two boats, 'EsclcuF ; Both boat?-', 'Ezcsl- 

^i\V ; Three boats, 'Ohel6uK 
7th Xow boat, Siziil; Old boat, ^Skaspeiil' ; Good boat, 'Gas(iul' ' 

Bad boat, *Choseul'. 
8th I have no boat, Chin-chstem^uK 

9th For a general instrument to travel on water, JS^liiipl, Nlaaptii>. 
10th The fore part oi a boat, Shitus ; The stern of a boat, *Szep- 

11th Cracked boat, Uigaulj Broken boat, ^MauT. 
I2th I make a boat, Chines-kol6uli, Chines-k61uii ; 1 make a boat 
of bark, 'Chine8-k()gu6uH'. 

13th I chop down a tree for a boat, Chines-shileuli. 

Uth I burn the log to shape it into a boat, les-inolclzom. 

15th I fill the cracks with rags, Chines-ngudpsi. 

16th 1 fill th'* cracks with pitch, Chsnes-teluli. 

17th I finish the boat, Chines-hoi^uli. 

18th I trade boats, Chincs-t6uH. 

19th I give him a boat, le8-guzen6ulom. 

20th 1 borrow a boat, Chines-koln^iiH. 

2l«t I steal a boat, Chines-nakoli. 

22d I lose my boat, Chines ossiil. 

23d I lend a boat, los-kolindulem. 

24th I put a sail in a boat, Chincs-nshit^uVi. 

25th I steer a boat, Chines-tgom^pi. 

26th I hold the helm, Chines-ntchelpcuH. 

27th The helm, ntchelpdulten, Tgominten. 

28th It takes water in, Es-lemip, Es-lim. 

29th, I swim, holding the stern of the boat, Chin ehkaseuh 

30th I swim over to fetch a canoe, Chin-chalp6uh 

Slat I bring you a boat, Ies-tku6ulem (ukum). 

32d I put the baggage in the boat, les-ntkaraneuiem. 

S3d I take it out of the boat, les-nkuitlulcm. 

40 BOT 

34th I go out of the boat, Chincs-nteshilsh. 

35th To bail a boat CMiincs-ns6uili. 

BOB-TAIL-IIOESE, Es-ehgotiips. 

BODE, Sec Omen. 

BODY, n, Skeltich. The body of a tree, Skalticbalko. 

2d No body, Ta china ks, Ta suet. 

3d Soino body, Chiuaks, Tee suet. 

BOIL, ?K Tumor, Szomzim. 

Boil, r. /. Es-ptpma. See Pat, Pta. 

Boil, V, a. les-ptpam. 

Boil, r. /. To cook by boiling, Chinesntpusi. 

Boil, V, t. les-ntpuscm. 

Boiled, a. Szntpus. 

Boiling water, I-ntlaka, T-nptap, Sznzish. 

Boiler, n. Lchep, Nzishemen, Xtpusten. 

BOLD, a. Kutispui^s. 

BOLT, V. a, 1st A door, Ics-koHnzakopcni. 

2d Flour les-nz'sdusem. See Z's. 

Bolt, n. For doors, Kolinzakopten. 

2d For flour, Xz'seusten. 

BONE, n. Szom. 

2d To pierce a bone, Chines-zpgomi. 

3d To throw away bones, Chines-guzomi. 

BONNET, n. Kodzkan. 

BOOK, Kaiminten. 

BOOT To boot, Chtgumin. I give thet to boot, les-ehtgum. 

Boot, Leather boot, LTsshililgu6pshin» See lelgum. 

Bore, V. ,i Chines-Jgomi. 

2d To tease, Ies-m6chsteni, Es-nmczinem. 

Bore, n. Hole, Sznlog. 

2d Teasing, Memet, Nmemezin. 

BORN, par^. Brought forth, K6lil ; Born of me, l-sztku61t. 

BOREOW, Chines-koHni. 

BOSOM, 71, The outside, Skapmin, Skaem, (breast). 

2d The inside, Snishtelze. See Ishiit. 

BOth, a, (personal) Es-cheselcm ; (inanimate) Ezeselem. We 

both, 'Kaes-cheselem' ; You P-ches61cm. 
BOTHER, V, f, les-hcetim, Heet'st^n, Ics-nmezinem. 
2d To bother oneself about another's business, Cbincs-nshielsi hi 

BOP 41 

Tskeligu, les-kulpagem lu Tak^ligu. 
liothcrsomc, a, Mem^t, Nnmemezin, Es-mezinmist. 
BOTTLE, w. 1-gal, La bout^ille. 

BOTTOM, n. Jshdt. 1st Bottom of a river, Nishtaiku. 
2d Bottora-land, Es-toko. 

3d Bottom of boxes, kettles, etc., Ncliemups. See Chem, Brim, 
BOUILLIOISr, n. Sgasdtikn. 
BOUND, /?rtrf. I am bound, is rendered with the subjunctive. I 

am bound to die, ^Chiks-tlilemV. 
2d For greater emphasis, with double negative, ^Ta-ikstam*. You 

are bound to die, *Ta ks-tamstgu, M-ku-tlir, 
3d Constrained, Es-lchmim. See Bind. 
Bound, i\ t. To circumscribe, les-kaiulegum, les-lpulegum. 
Bound, V. K To caper, Chines-salkomenzuti, Chines-ukaukaszuti, 

Boundary, w. Lpiileguten, Kaiulcguten, Slpiilegu, Skaiiilegu. 
BOUNTEOUS, Bountiful, a. Pepeet. 
BOQUET, Sze6ko. 

BOW, n, Zkuinch. See Zku. Small bow, ^izkukuincheic. 
2d Bow-string, Chazinchten* 
3d To bend the bow, les-chzkuinchem. 
4th I have no bow, Chin-chsteminch. 
r>th My bow is broken. Chin-ma unoh. 
Otb To make a bow, Chines-kolinchi. 
7th To trade a bow, Chines-t^uinchi. 
BOW, See Bend. For saluting, Chines-ehitoikani, Chines-koit'si. 

See Uui, Koi. 
BOWELS, n. Stgench. 

BOX, n. Trunk, Ist Of wood, Chlukuze. See Fjuku^ 
2d Of iron, metal, Chululmize. 
3d If it opens and shuts as trunks, Es-k()lchkammenu<>gu, E:^-nkol- 

ches^us. See Ku^leh. ^ 

4th For storing goods in, Snkaminten, Snlkominten, Ntkominten, 

Box, V. t, les-tkum, les-tkuluisem. See Tkum. 
2d To box the ears, les ntk6nem, I will box your ears, *Ncm- 

ntkon6nzin'; To box above the ears. les-nlkoanakanem. 
3d To box the face, los-tkoususem. 
BOY, n.;^Tituit, Skukusse. Small boy, Skukus^lt. 


3d In general, the boys, SkoHvussco. - ^ « 

1^03'hood, Rknkninrno. In my boyhood, Jjti I'iskukuiinnc, Patu 

ehin-lkukuii\mo. . •. , • « , • 

BllACI, Rec Boast. ' . 

BRAIN, n. Szomkein. * . . 

Brainless, (7. Ta cp-szohi-kein. • ' 

Brake, of locomotives, n. Zdncraen. • ' — - 
Brake; i^ /. les-zancm. 

BRA"N", n. Obngnkneusten, Sngokiieusten, Chinz'seu:^. 
BRAXCIT, n. Tn [ronenil, ■ SVhz/h'/lledvst, S'chelfholshemeclist, 

S'obuagan. The first branch, Es-chshiit'teehst. " 

2d Green, small twig, I--ehkirilp. • 

Branch;?*. L Es-chkualeehsti, (of branches). 
2d Branch of roads, branching off, Es-ngupifsaks. 
8d Branch of water, stream branching off, Es-ngnpusetiku. 
BBAND, r. a, 1st With red hot iron, les-pigam, ChincB-pagska- 

gaei. ^ ■'• ; 

2d By simply marking, les-chtcehim, Chines-chtcch.skagaei. 

3d By cutting'the ears, les-chnichencm. ' \ 

4th By splitting the ear, les chskeneifi. '^ " * ^ ; " 

5th By boring the car, Ies-Chlgo6ncm. ' ' 

Brand, n. The being marked, Spiga, S'chlechich. 

2d What is used to brand, Chtccheminten, Pagskaga^ten, Kaiska- 

BBA YE, a. 1st In general, Sisiu.s, loiot, Koilkroli, ((i'orrageous). 
"2d Brave at work, Gnaguaal, he tvho likes to go to work. 
3d Brave in^a fight, Lchelichct. 8cc Lech. . * ' ' 
4th One who is successful in catching cnOmie^, Zkomnak, Pel- 

5th- One who is the to catch the enemy In a scufHe, Kunm'uti(}- 

6th In composition, ^SemeVS^^i-'''- A bVavcwomar., ^Snlissme6m ; 

A brave chief, Smisilirhignm. 
7th Who exerts himself, successful in hunting, *otc., Kcuimjilku. 
BREACH, 71. Sgak: There is a'breach, a^il-esgiik. See Oak. 
Breachy cattle, a, Gam6nchis mauls ko.l:ogomifi,Nakot^mcn Tskolka. 
BREADTH, n. SMkat. . . 

BREAD, n. Baked in xin oven or skeleton, Snkolp61egn. 
2d Baked in a frying pan, Snpechdegu,]srpechel6. " 

3d Thick bread, Inplultgu. See piilt. 

4th Thin bread, TiUakallegu. . ■ - 

5th Fried in grease, Xzagalegu, Xzagale. .- ... 

6th r make bread, Chines-iikolpolegui, Chinc3-i"JpcchDlcgui, Gliincs- 

7th Bread made under ashes, Snazkoldgu. 
8th Hard bread, Tstas. ^ . 

nilEAK, r. ?'. 1st In general, to come apart,;o.r in pieces, Ciiinen- 

mauti. . . • 

2cl Of wood and boiios, Es-kaopnij. ■. ,• ».;• • ,,, ^ • 

8d OTistono.s, ghiss, iron, E.s-telpmi. '',z^.' , ,• ■ • 

4th Of ropes, Es-toukanii. . . 

.")th CUothes, ropes tearing, Jiikat, Es4niganu. » ' . ,• 
6th Of tumorn, bo.ils; Es-tkupniL .' • 

7th To smash, Es46zi. ■ , : ^ : . . . • • 

8th Of eggs, Chines-nzompi. .',■•;* ? ■ .• 

9th The axe. breaking, Ks-telpu8i. 

TOth The axe-hapdle breaking, Hs-eWvaopt']>iLe. .. • 

:11th Of a man breakiDg horses, EH-azaziHi*- J ■ • • . •• 

12th Clouds breaking off, CI)gukyJ>askat. -.1 .'•... 

18th To break loose; (of a dpg-.cluuned), Tou,kanzul. . . • . 
14th To break loose from jaii, Xiiicnzut. '. . ■ , • 

15th lee breaking up, Es-tuchmi, Tuich, Totui<:h,» • : ■• •••" 
- I6th Toe breaking up, di?«ippearing, Nilau. ' • 

17th It breaks off, (the ]»i<ices breaking olF), of wood, kglkajii^p. Of 

pieces of stone, etc^ Koheiip. .Of a piecQ of rope, KoUuak. 

Of anything, Kohnaut. Of pieces .oiigarmen^s, J[ipllikajt,.Xoi- 

tniagttm.- • • =,* 

18th To fail in business, to break down, Chuukwlgo.lip. . • ...j 
19th 1 break off with one, (Jhiucs gfi^ko.]ieu§i, .Chines-nelki^<^$t ■. 
2Qtli To de^iiJt, Chines-h6ii. . 

21st To break away -societlv, Chines-kolinkomisti, Chin<is-koI- 

gutpmi. 'f '■'•■■ r, • • 

.';i2d.\Tc> brenk out, to iappear, f/uako. 
23 Pimples breaking out, Es-p6zti, . * 

Break, i\ ^. 1st In general, ies-m^^i urn. ■ * • 

2d AVood bones, les-kaom, . 

3d Stones, etc., les-telin). , • 

4th Hopes, Ios-tonk6m. . , r; . > 

44 • mi 

5th (MothoM, ropes, Ies4ikam, fes-tingam. 

(Hh A tumor, les-tkum, tkun. 

7th To smash, Ics-iozcm. 

8th An egg, lcs-riz6mpem. 

Dth An axe, breaking the edge, les-telusem. 

10th The axe handle, Ies-ehkau(;pilcin. 

11th Horses Jcs-nzazim, 

BREAKFAST, v. L Chines-kuekusti. 

BREAST, M. 1st The whole breast, S'ch'ehcmagozeh. 

2d The middle breast, Skapmin. 

M For the nipples, Skaem. 

4th The skin over the nipples, 8*chkaemten. 

r)th To give the breast to a baby, les-kacm, Chincs-kaemi. 

Oth To suck the breast, Chines-tonii, les-tom'm. 

7th I have sore breast, the whole, Chin-ehzaldgozch. 

8th I have sore briiasts, Chin-zalemgui. 

0th Pimples on the breast, Chin-pazmgui. See P6z. 

10th Running sore on the breast, Chin-mzltdmgui. 

13 th To put anj-thing on one breast, ("hines-tkudmgui ; On both 

breasts, Chinc8-kamn6mgui. 
12th To blister the breast, Chines-zpakdnigui. 
18th To squeeze the breasts, milk, Chines-kockoemgui. 

Breast-pin w. Otchele, 
BREATH, n. Spopculsh, IN'popeulshten. Foul breath, X'nakal- 

Breathe, v, i. Chines-pop^ulshi. 
Bi^athe, v, t, les-pop^ulshem. 
Breeches, as used by Indians to cover simply the necessary, Inl- 

kue. See Pants, 
BREECH-LOADING, n. Xtalemelze. 

BREED, i\ L Chines-kolsgusigulti, Ohines-tkuelti, Chines-kolih*. 
BREEZE, n, Sgia. The breeze blows, 'Es-gapmi. 
BRIBE, V, I. Ies-g6kam, les-chgakapilem. 
BRICK, n, 1st Raw, Es-til, Es-tiltif, Sztif. To make brick, Chioefi- 

2d Burnt brick, Szkol^p. 

BRIDGE, n. 1st Of one plank or log, Es-nchiz6us. Chiz. 
2d Of two planks, E8-npen(^us- See Pin. 
*»d ITsnal bridge, Es-ngaltjus. 

BRf 45 

Bridge, t*. t. Ics-nchiz^uscm, Ies-npen6nsein, Ics-ngal^usem. 

BRIDLE, Seo norse. 

BRIGHT, a. I-gal. 

2d Bright throwing light, I-paaka. 

8d Not throwing lights as stars, I-p^gu. 

4th Smooth surface, reflecting little light, Ziieh. 

5th Reflecting light, I-ziiku. 

6th Polished, as shoes, 1-pich. 

7th Bright room, Npaakelzc. 

8th Bright boy, Pagpagt. 

Brighten, r. i. See All the above. 

BRIM, n. Of bottles, kettles, Chemzin. The opposite of 'Xchxv 

mups,' the bottom, inside or out. 
BRING, V, t 1st To fetch, les-zuetem. 
2d To carry, Ies-i\kum. Seo Carry, Pack. 
3d To carry along, les-guiusem. See Along. 
4th To drive in animals, Ios-k6igiim, Ohincs-kciguskagaei, I03- 

ig^m, Chines-igsk^gaei. 
5th To bring, away, to make go, les-guicm. 
6th To bring in, to make come, Ics-zgi\iem. 
7th To bring in, to- make go in, Ics-niilgiim. 
8th To carry along in, les-nulgusem. 
9th To bring far away, les-lkokiisem. 
10th To bring him along, running away, les-tclkusem, Ics-gut- 

llth I bring it down the river by water, los-nagotem, les-nagotu- 

eem. See A got. 
12th I bring it up the river, Jes-nziilKhcm, les-nziilsbusem. Soo 

Ziilsh. ^ 
13th To bring it out Ics-ozkansem. 
14th To bring it up hill, les-shaltusem. 
15th To ring him up, raise, les-pogtilshem. 
16th To bring awa}', out of sight, les-chousem. 
17th To bring astray, les-ostdsem. 
18th To bring him down, les-ulkupusem. 
19th To bring him down, to prevail, Ios-tlcgi\pom, Tcs-lk6m. 
20th To attract, les-zkuknunem. 
21st To bear fruits, produce, les-chkolilem. 
22d To bring forth young ones, Chines-tku6ltijfc«-koJil/A'm^nf^ 1^ 

4t> BRO 

( likohlzoin. Soe Tok, Kol. 
2*] To bring lor'h twins, Ohines-noss^lili. 
inirSTl.E, /^. Spnnis likoshon. 

HinTrSir, /T. Kino; George. . •: . ; . : 

BRITTLE, a. hicinm. 
BROAD, /?.;F.i^kat. 
BKOIL, w. StiJikot. 
Fh'oil, n, t. Depoutlle, Tos-i^*gnni. 
2:1 Fish, or bread, Galotte, les-pechsem. . 

HTK)K KN, a. 1st By itself, wood, etc., Es-ka^'>i) j. Glass, ele.,"EH te- 

lip'; Of ropes, *EG-t(mak, Es-Hkfit* ; In general, 'Es-niAut'. 
2d By others, Szkaoo, Sztil, SziniUi, Sztouak. 
*5d irorse8 broken, Es-tg(Xg, Sensdnt. . 

4th .Smashed, Es-loz. 
oth Broken wind, Tlagt es-popeiilshi. 
BTiOOM, n. 1st For the inside house, Zeslegiielj)tcn. 
2d Eor otitside, Z'suH'gutcn, 

BROTHEL, n. Sniiiuigntcn. . 

BROTH EF?, 7?. In ixeneraK Snknsia:n, >^^ Snkusi>;;i. 
2d .Afy eldest brother, (by a man), fn-kezche. 
;M My younger, fby a Ttian), Lsinxe. . . \ 

4ih My eldest brother, (by a woman) In-lkakaze. 
oth My youngest brother, (by a woman), Lsisiuzo. 
f>t.h A\^e. (two) are brothers, Kae-nknsgut6us. 
7th AVe (more than two> are brothers, Kae-nkuso-utclis, . ... 
Sth I .take him for my brother. les-kolsinzem, koIsir»zcmon. 
9th We are bi'other and sister to one another, K-aoTsinzeus, \\ kaol- 

2i'zMpaei\8. ' 

10th We are brothers of Jesus Christ, Kae-slnzclils t Je^u J^ii. 
Brother in-law, Ist My wife's brother, LFzeslit. 
2d My sisters husband, (By a num), I8z6sbt. 
8d These two are brothers-in-lavv, .Szcshteus. 
4th My husband's brother, Lsestem. If the husband is dead, Ir*- 

5th My sister'n husband, 'by a wpniaii) Lsz6sht. 
t>th Brothers in religion, Slnze. 
BHOUGIIT, a. Szuete, Bzuku. 
BROW, n. SpHc^n. 
.BRQ^YN, a. Mkokoii, . 



BUM 47 

BRUISE, 71, Contusion, .s;;ratcb. In gciicral, Eiuuku." 

2d Bruise on the hand, Emkuechsl. .. ' • ' 

3d Bruise on the foot, Eniku^hin. 

4th Bruise on the forehead, Chilcmkuesshin. 

5th Bruise on the cheeks, Kolemkus, ' 

6th Bruise on the back, Emkuichom. 

7th Bruise on the sides, ^Nemkulniut. <' 

8th Bruise on a tree, Chamkualko, Chtao;kualko. 

Bruise, v. t, les-emkuni, e.inkunt<in. ■■ . 

BPcUSII, ?^. Ofhiistles, Ui For clathcs, Gukumin. 

2d For shoes, Pichemen. 

3d Bruj*h-\vood, Es-ilil, Tentemnidlko, 

Brurih, V. t. Icr>guki\m.. To bruoh ouc's clothes, Chiucrf-gukiinzuti. 

BIIUTE, n. GuigueiuK 

BUBO. See Boil. 

BUCK, n. Pu61sh'chin. ' 

BUCK-SKIX, Szooliguelgu, Stanlgu, Puelsh'chinelgu, tSgoh'nli' 

' chiuelgu.; 
BUCKET, n. In general, Mulcmen, 
2d As used to draw water, Kolmultcn. 
od As used to hold water, Nmulten. See MuL- 
BUCKLE, n. Luakstcn. 

Buckle, r. t, Ics-luaksem. '• ' 

BUD, V. i. Es-chgaz'zmi. Gaz. 
BUFFALO, n. Ikoai stoma. 
2d Buffalo hide, Spumze. 

BUFFET, Sec Slap, Strike. . . 

BUFFOON, ?i. P6spst. * 

BUG, n. iikaUkat. 
BUGLE, See Trumpet. 
BUILD, V. t. In general, les-kolem. 

2d To build a house, Ies-k6rigum. ": 

Builder, 7i. Sgukol'Igum. 

BULL, n. Szolem, Skaltemuskagae. : 

2d Bull's head, Szolemkan* 

BULLET. See Shot. • ' 

BULLY, See Blackguard. 

BU^!^P, On the back, Es-ncnikuichcni. See Bruise. 
2d Bump on the back of the head, Es.-kol:caku^pkau . ■ ^ 

48 BUB 

3d Bump on tho knee, Es-mkok6inshin. 

BUNG, S'tk^ptcn. 

BUKDEN, n. Skoelt. 

Burden, v. a. les-gameeliincm. Sec Gemt. 

Burdened, a. I am burdened, Chines-gamechini. 

BURN, V. i. let The fire is burning, Es-olus. See UL 

2d 1 am burning. Chines-ulpmi. 

8d I am burning something, Chines-ulmi. 

4th The prairie, field, is burning, Es-paapmi. 

5th Vegetables burned by the sun, Go6s, or Guiks. 

Cth To burn oneself in any part of the body, Chines-lemkami. 

7tn To burn with rage or shame, I-ehin-koels. See Koel. 

8th To burn through, entirely, Es-champmi, Es-ctiamiisi. SeoAaim 

9th My heaH is burning, Chines-ehulp'spuusi. 

10th My heart burns for his love, les-chulp'spuuspm. 

Burn, V, t, 1st I set fire to it, les-ulusem. 

2d I burn it, consume it by fire, les-iilim. 

3d I burn the prairie, field, les-pa^m. Hair, •les-chpaiakanera'. 

4th 1 burn him, scorch him, les-lemk^m. . 

5th I burn it through, I burn it down, les-chamusem. 

Burning, 2i.Solus, Solip, Spap'p, Slmak. 

Burning, a. As a hot stove, Chtladka. 

2d Having tho capacity of burning, (ardent) Uiluilt. 

3d Having the capacity of being burnt, Uiluilpt. 

Burning, n. The capacity of burning, Suiluilt. 

2d The capacity ot being burnt, (ardor), Suiluilpt. 

BUEEOW, V. i. Es-zkzikal^gui. 

BUEST, V. i. Of tumors, Es-tkupmi. 

2d To burst, split in two, Es-ntelp6usi, cs-nskapeusi. 

3d Burst the belly, Es-chtelku^usi. 

4tb A gun bursts, Es-chtelpusinch. 

5th To burst inside, of animals bursting the lungs, etc., Xiok^lzc. 

BUEY, V. f. 1st By covering with earth, les-lakam, les-ntkolcguni. 

2d By laying in a tomb, les-ntkom, les-tkom, les-nloum. 

3d In a stone tomb, les-chtkutehinem. 

4th To bury the face in the hands, Chines-konusi. 

Burying-ground, n. Sntentemneitem. My burying placr^ Ikl-iitcn- 

temnditen, Ikl-ntk61eguten. 
BUSH, n. Es-il\l, Tentomnialko. 


BY • 49 

BUSHEL, n. Chgokueiis, Sugumeten, Cbiliiize. 

BUSIjSTESS, iu 1st Occupation. Ziuit, Xkoiemeii, Sznkaels. /This 

is my business, ^Shei, hi ik-sznkaels, Lu iii-chgegaltcn, In-cba- 

g^ilten\ * 

2d Affair, S'ch\-bichet, 8'clisagam. X. B, The fornicr is. more 

used by Spokans, the latter by Flatlieads. , It is none of your 

business, 'Tarn as'ch'chichct, Taks-ch'chitcmintgu, Ta ks-chsa- 
garastgu, Ta aks-chsagai \i\ Tshei. 
Bus3', a. Chin-op-sznkaels, Chincs-koimnii, (I am in a hurry); 

Chincs-koimchsti, Chincs-koimchstemisti, Chincs-komkoimels.. 

2d To busy oneself about other folks business, Chines-nshielsi 

iu Tsk^ligu. 
Busybody, 7i. Kommemcn. 
BUT, conj. Pen, Ku. 
2d For only, Ichmish. 
But, n. But-end, 1st The lowest, S'ehmep. 
2d The upper, S'chma2:)kan. 
3d If horizontally placed, S'chmagan. See Chem, Turn, Brim, J5ot- 

BUTCHEB, n. Sgugozii;n. 8ce Goz. 
Butcher, r. t. Chines-pt^lskagaei. 
BUTTER, n. Jn general, Skost tel skaem. 
2d As used on bread, Chmincmcn. 
BUTTER-FLY, n. Kuelulcgu. ' 
BUTTOCKS, 71. Sokam6p, Sokamepil. To whip the buttocks, 

Ics-lzlzepilem, les-spspepilcm. 
BUTTON, w. Uidl; di/;h Lilial, Gapmin. See Gap. 
Button, V. t. les-gapim. Button yoursclfj ^G-apenzutish'. 
Button-hole, n, Es-log Tgapmin. 
BUY, r. f. les-tomistem. 

2d To buy a Avoman, as used by Indians, Chines-kcnusi. 
3d To buy out n. prisonerj to save him, les-koltkom. See Redeem. 
Buy, V. ?*. Chines-tomisti, See Tom. 
BY, prep. 1st Governed by a passive verb, ^t'. v. g. Paul was 

killed by Nero. T-Xero u polsts iu Paul. 
2d Xear, is rendered with 'ch — ' prefixed to the verb, which then 

assumes the instrumental form. I remain by you, ^Ch-lzii- 

menzin' ; I stay by him^ ^les-ch-crautem' 3 I stand by him, *Ies- 

ch-echsuishcm' ; I sit by bim, lea ch-lakshilsbem, or. lit. Lu V 

50 • "CAL 

s'chsjigams* ; Yon sbtill remain by me, *Lu ri5'elii8aL;«iin m-kii- 

8d From, Tel. 
4th By myself, l-eliin-chiiiaks, T-koie. By yourself, I uinii, I-ku- 


51 h By tbe pound, L'nku sugiimcton. 

Gth By five years my senior, Zil spenlich hi ebgoezt tel koic. 

Ttb To stand by one, to take bis part, Tcs-ngazUV^cjii. See G:n. 

8th One by one, Chinkanaks, or C'hinaks u chinuks. 

9th Two by two, Esel u esdl. 

10th, To pass by, to go by, les-ehgo^ztem, les-ngozusem. 

11th Good by, Gest sgalgalt. 

12th By and by, Nc kuen(>, Xe itshene. 

13th God will judge us one by one, Xeiu kaecbin-kanakscnlils, 

m-kac-clizoi^oenileh'ls t*Kolinzuten. 
By, adv. Near, L's'chsaganK 


CABBAGE, ?i. Pizchl. 

CABTN, n. Zitgu. 

CaBTjTI, n, Nogomeiisteii sp6z?::, XogoiUL-u^i, from bjlng strotclied 

across the river. 
2d To stretch a cable across, les-nogomeuscm. Sec Wick. 
Cablt^) n, Sp^zen. 
CAGE, n. Sncheemuten. 
OALP, 71. 1st AVithin the first six months, Chlkulkul^lgn. See 


2d Within the second six months, Lkoikoko. 

3d A yearling, St'tageintelgu. 

CALICO, ?i- In general, Ithiilgu, Mkakci. 

CALL, V. t. 1st To invite or command to come, Ics zuiiom, Tcs-ga- 

litem, Ics-z*ziinem, les-zgalitem. 
2d To "'ive a name to one, les-ko!skucstcm. v?ec Skuest. 
3d To pronounce one's name, to call him by name, Jcs aiiin. 

What do you call this ? 'Stem n eVaustcp lie ?. 

0AM 51 

4lh To ck'sigiiiuc one for an oflicC; les autn, Ie:5-t^sliil8licin, les- 

oth To call aloud, Ioj>-u<;em. 
Gth To call back, Iclczgalitcm. 

Till To call in to vi^it one, Ics-clinulguni, leis-chguiein. 
8tli To call upon, to solicit payment of debts, Ics-nseupcni. See 

Ask, Scum. 
Otb To call on, to invoke, Tes-galitsliitem, le.s-chaum, Ics-cbomistem, 
10th To call to one's mind, les-nlkokomiiiem. 
11th To call animals, dogs, etc., to come, (•hines-galskagaei. See 

12tli To call by ii whistle, les-igum. 

(Jail, :*. /'. To visit friends in general, Chincs-chguimskcligui. 
2d To call in for a meal, Chines-kat^uelsi. 
iid To cull in for lodi^in*^, Chines-nzit'shilsbi. See Itsh. 
(/ALLOIS, a, 1st (Gallons band, Cbines-agkokocU*b.sti. 
2d Callous foci, </iiines-agkokoshinmi. 
CALM, a. 1st Not stormj', l-koi. 
2d Calm sea, Es-nkampetikii, J-nkoiku-es-cbilsbiitlku, Ks-chiltel- 

paiku. See Shitl, Telip. 
od ITndisturbcd by passion, I-kciin, kamkcmt. See kam. I am 

calm, 'I-chin-k^im\ 
4th If after a fit of passion I calm again, Chinol-kamip. 
Balm, r. t. feskanipim, lestelpin^, les-geeiiim, ies-nineelclseni. 
(•ALUMlvT, n. Tobacco l>ipe, Snmcniguten. 
2(1 To break the calumet, to break the peace, Kae-zgupusonmcni- 

o<l To pass tb'^ calumet of peace, les-ntpzlnem -, lieciprocally, Kacs- 

ntpkeimegui, Kacs-ntpzcnuegui. 

CALUMNIATE, r. f. les-chiokom. See luko. 

Calumniated, a, Szchiukoni. 

Calumniator, n, 1st Habitual, Chikt>menien. 

2d M}' calumniator, he who calumniates me, In-chikonzulon. 

oil ^ly calumniator, one of my people who cahnnniatus oilers, I 

(Jalumnv, n. S'cbiukom, S'cbikollumsh. 

CAMP, 71, 1st The gror.nd on Avhich tents are j)iit up iravel:n-.r, 


2d The ground where tents are erected in order to rcmaiiu ^^^- 

52 C.tX 


81 The CTOW I gathoivcl in a camp, Lii oskei, hi es-aieiiti. 

4th To move camp, Chincs-imshi. 

<^arap, r. /. 1st For night rest, travolini::, rhinos-tkuknelpi. 

2(\ For stopping, Chincs-k6i. 

CAN", /?. 1st Of tin, St'tpehd. 

2d If Tised to can eahiblcs, Snesshinaks. 

(.\\X, r. L 1st 1 have the power, Lkonten. 

*2rl I know how to do it, Es-misten. 

8d It is more frequently rendered by the jjresent or past contin- 
iiate of each verb. I can work, ^Chines-koli' ; I can do ii^ 
^les-kolem, es kolsten' ; AVho can stop the sun ? *T'8u6t u ks- 
telpst6s lu spakani ?' 

4t]i Properly the power of doing or being done is expressed by the 
potential form of the verb. (1) The power of doing a thing 
adds 'mutcm' to the root of the verb. I can work it do it, 
*res-kol-emutcm' ; T can catch liim, (a horsf^), 'les-az-mutcni'. 
(2) The power of being done, passively, adds only ^utcm' io 
the root, duplicating the last consonant of the same root. He 
can be seen, *Uch*chiltem' j lie can be tied, *Lch*cliutcni' ; Ft 
can be done, *Korii\tem\ 

(J ANAL, n. Es-neluoten. 

CAXCEL, r, t. 1st To obliterate, les-gukum, les cpem, Tes-mamii. 

2d To draw a line over, les-kolgoeriem. 

('AN(yRL, ti. Uailini!: outside or inside of a buildini>% Oho<:zeii- 

CAXCER, ??. (^anker, Es-gatHm. I have a cancer, *Ko es-gatrim. 

2d Crab, Zoig6, Es-titishetiku. 

CANDLE, n. ZekoHicn ; If lighted, Zekushin. 

2d Candle-wick, Nogomelzeten* 

Hd To make a candle, Chines-kolz(jkushini. 

(>andle-stick, w. Snzekushin, Snehifshtemiinten hi rzekushin. 

CANDY, 71, Candies, Chfkaikais, (for being ])ainted.; 

<\VNE, 1st To flog, Spminten. 

2d To walk, Nzkucchst. 

( -ane, v, t, les-spim, les-spelzem. 

(5 ANOE, 71. Of bark, Tlie. Sec Boat. 

CANNON, n. Nkuteii6]zo. 

CANTICLE, «. Ku61craen. 

CAR 53 

CANTIXAS, tu Chilposi^uti. 
CAP, ». Snp'patakan. See Pat. 
Caps, n, Siizel^lsten, Snzele, Ch'chinchiiipalko. 
2d To put caps on a gun,Chines-tuupkeini. 
CAPSIZE, V, L In general, Es-pelehemi. 

2d Upturning on the side, Es-uel'li, rather the tossing, the turn- 
od Upside down, Es-kuelchi, Es-chilkuelchi. 
4th Upon a capsize, les-chilkuelch^nem. 
CAPTAIX, n. Ilimigums hi soltis. 
CAPTIVE, 71. Koangan, Sz-uiclt. 
Capture, i\ i, les-kun^m, les-konnuncin. 
2d Capture in a scuffle, les-konmutiestem. 
8d To capture animals, driving theni away, l«,'S-kolkciguni. 
CAE, n. Golko. 

CAEBINE, Xlkokoimelze. See Gun. 
CARCASON, n. Sgueiin. 
CARCASS, w. Szom. 
('ARD, n. To phiy with, Mcmszuten. To phiy at cards, Chines- 

CARE, n. 1st The charge of overseeing, or the object in charge, 

S*chiite, Sz-chiite. See Charge, S'chshtim. 
2d Attention, heed, S-chkaels. 

M Anxiety, care, Spupusench, S-koltka])e!s, Sn-nieels. 
4th Care in examining, deliberating, Sdcolkoenist, S'kocn^ne. 
oth To take care of oneself, Chincs-chiitenzuti. To look out for 

(hmger, ^Chincs-kohizgamisti' j To exert oneself, K'hines-koiKv 

misti, Chines-ioiosziiti, Chincs-sichsteraisli. See Azga, Koi]-, 

Sii— . 
Glh To take care of a person or thing, les-chiitim, les-clislutim, 

7th To do a thing with care, les-chkaclsem. 
8lh To give a thing or pers«-)n in care of another,Tes chitelcm. 
0th To place oneself under the care of another, les-chteJemistcm, 

10th I do not care tor that, I cannot attach to it, les-pauminem, 

Chin-paupot t — * ; You do not care for the world, you < 

it, ^Kupaupot hi t'stoligu'. 
llth 1 do care for it, leskeigtem. 

54 OAR 

(.'AREFUL, (/. Istralcahiting, P:s-kolko(nH8ti, Es-ko6nmci. 

2d Attentive, Es-chkaelsi, Pagpagt. 

CAliFLESS, a. 1st TTcodless, Taep spuus, Tas-kolpagami. 

2(\ Fi-ee from anxiety, Es-gamk^ini. 

*M Done or said without thinking, Selup. See Sel. 

4th Tiiat takes no care, Panpot. 

(.'AIIESS, l\ t, les-toteimi, les-tezem, les-l^zem. 

(URIBOU, n. Sti«ilze. 

<MRPEXTEK, ?i. SgQ.gutlim, Sgn-chgntlako. 

2d Carpenter sliop, Sngutlemintcn. 

OAKPET, n. Guep^p/ 

(.'arpet, v. i. fst a floor, Chines gu6pe}pi. 

2d The gronnd, Chines-gnepilegm. 

3d The road, Chine8-nguep6ks-. 

Carpet, v. f. 1st His floor, les-gnepelpem. 

2d With that kind of eover, ]es-gu6pcni. 

CAIUUACE, ;;. Yehiele, Golko. For con(h::'t, See Ikdiuve. 

CAPPvIEIi, 72. IJkunziitcn, S<z:u-ukuni. Mail enrrier, S<xnuknku!i 

CAHHOT, 72. Slokuni , Poisonous earrot, Iiiigu. 
CARRY, t\ t. 1st To convey, Tes-ukum. 
2d To pull forward, les-zkuni. 
8d To ITehave, See Behave. 
4tii To earrj' away forcibl}-, les-kucHetn. 
oth To carry off, les ehuf^shilshem. 
Gtli To carry along, See Bring. 
7th To carry on the back, les-koeltem. 

8tb To earrv on the shoulders, les-ntkoVkritein. See Toko. 
9th To carry any kind of wood on the shoulder, Ics-nehizelkci- 

tem. See Chiz. 
10th To carry the bier, les-nciz'zineni. 
11th To carry away, as wind or water (\o(^<y les-pelini. 
12th To cary in the mouth, lesdvoeusem. 
13th To carry a child inside, Chines-ntkuclti. 


14th To earrv a cliild on the arm, Chines-kuenelti. 

16th To carry it through, usually rendered by the final — 'iiuncm' 

affixed to the verb. 1 worked it throuirh, 'loskoiniiiiein. 

Sec Succeed. 
17th To carrj' up hill, Tes shnltuscm. 

CAIT 55 

18 Lh To carry down, Ics ulkupusem. 

ICTth To carry over a river, Ios-niek6ui, los-iuekousein. 

20th To carry lughup, Ics-nu'isselshem. 

CAE.T, n. Chiicsershin golko. 

<>ARTEIDGE, h, Sncheinten, Sntapimnten. Siuboiiuh. 

OAHYE, V, t, 1st Wood, Ics-koiHnichem. 

2d Meat, les-goizcQi. 

CASCADE, n. Stlagetiku; Waterfall, Kslipcliku. 

CASE, Sec Box. 

CA8H, See Money. 

CASK, 71. Chiluize. 

CASSOCK, n. Snazlkeitis koaialks. 

CAST, See Throw. 

CASTRATE, See Geld. 

CASUALLY, adv. Occasionally, Toe. Soe Accidentally, Luck. 

CAT, n. Pus. 

2d Wild cat, Mehdnie. 

CATAPLASM, n. Zpakaminten. See Poultice. . 

CATASTROPHE, n. Sgutcmszdt, Gutemsziiten. 

CATCH, V, t. In general, Ic8-kun6m. 

2d To seize with the hand, les-chnira, les-teom. See Teem. 

3d To catch an enemy, les-kundm, les-kunniinem. 

4th To catch a horse, beaver, with ropes or traps, Tos-azim, 

5th To catch fish. See fish. 

Gtli To catch him in a snare, les-azpnuneni. 

7th To surprise one in the act of stealing, etc, les-uichem, E.> jni- 

8th To catch up with a traveling companion, les nchiznic.heni. 

CATECHLSE, r. t. Ies-niim(!;iem, les-sunuegum. 

Catechism, n. S'siinuegu. Snsunueguten. Sec Sciun. 

CATHOLIC, a. Catolic, epl-koaialkH, Chochomul. 

CATTLE, n. Gatlzin. In composition, — skagae. 

CAUL, n. Omentum, Skeil. 

CAUSE, n. Kolinzuten. 

2i The real cau.jO of anything is rendered by tlu snbjun'.llw caus- 
ative. Cause of my happiness, *In-piclsten*; Cause of my 
death. In teliltin'j Cause of my troubles, *Jn-pupusrnclilen'. 

8d The reason why, or on account of which, is rendered by the 
same subjunctive, prefixed with 'ch — '. The reason of my 

56 CER 

sorrow, Tn-eh-pupusc'iiehten' ; The cause of my liaj^ijiucss/Iii- 

cli-npielsteir ; The (.ause of my perdition, Tn-ch-ousteir ; Jhc 

cause of my being loved, *ln-c]i-gamcnchteij\ 
CAUSATIYE, r. 1st All original transitive vt^rbs are causative, 

from the idea that the radicals express the passive state, r. y. 

]\fade, ^KoV ; I have it made, I make it, les-kolem. 
2d The derivative ver])s reflexive, or volitive, are causative if 

made active. i\ g, 1 rejoice, ^' ; T make him 

rejoice, les-npielsem, npielsten' ; I am tired, -Chines-aigoti' ; 

I fatiixue him, Mes-aio-otem, aio'o-sten'. 
N. B. If made active, not if used in the instrumental form, because 

^les-npielsem, npielsemen', Avould mean, I use it to rejoice, I 

rejoice at him Every verb can be made causative. 
CAUTIOX, r. i. les-tkolkueltem, Tcs-tzunem. 
Cautious, a. To be cautious, Chines-koJpagami. Properly, Chines- 

kolkoenisti. Fee Aware, Koen, Chines-kolazgamisti. 
TAYE, n. 1st on the hill side, Es nlog. See hog. 
2d In the ground, Es-n]g61egu. 
3d Under a floor in a house, cellar, Es-koll6go. 
Cave, r. f. Ist^'o cave in, Es-ntempmi. 
2d To cave into a hollow, dry place, Es-ntempiilegu. 
8d To cave into a avcII, or the like, Es-ntempdtiku. 
CEASE, r. L Chines-hoimi. See Iloi. 
Cease, V. t, les-hoiem. 
Ceaseless, a, Ta ep-shoi. 

C^EDATl TEEE,7J. Kuetku^p; (Kalispel), :>rshclp, Astako. 
2d Red cedar tree, Testeselp. 

CEIL, r. f. Chines-ngalelzci, Tes-ngalelzem. See Gal. 
CEILING, n. ]Srgal^lze. 
CELLAR, See Cave. 
CEMENT, n.Metemin. 
Cement, r. les-metdm, metenten. 
CENSURE, r. t. les-chiHkonem. 

CENSUS, To take a census, Chineschsinzuti. See Sien. 
CENTAURUS, n. S'chutemskd tel snchilzaska. 
CENTIPEI), n. Chililkotechst. 
CENTRE, n, Nihdusera. 
CERTAIN, a, 1st I-mii, Itemi. I am certain, I-misten, I-tcmistcn. 


CUA 57 

2d A ccrtaiu pcrsoi), iiidefiiulo, Chinaks. Sec A. Any, Sonio. 

(k'rtuinl^-, adi\ Imii. See Yes. 

(."EPtTlFICATE, ?i.. Chimiitou. Certiticato oi baptism, hn chiuii 

tis }u Ibateoi. 
("ERULEOUS, a, Chagalaskat. 
("^ESAEEAN", (operation), I perform od her the eesarcan oj)eratio!i. 

les-ehtelcusem, u ies-iikutlim. 
CHAFE, i\ I. As a spirited horse, Es-koimmi, Es-koimiiHi- 
Chafo V. t. By friction, Ic.s-iilkum. 
Chaff, n. As it is around the grain, Cli'cheniize. 
2el As separated, Chngukueusten. 
CIIAm,n. Kalguelis. 
2d Iron chain, Kalguelis ululim. 
CHAIR, n. Siichileniuten, Ntiikshisten. 
CITA>iCE, See Accidentally, Luck. 
OITANGE, V. i, Chlnes-tigulemisti. 
2d To change for the best, Chines-gestuilshi. 
3d To chani^c for the worse, Chines-chestuilshi. See ti^ulem. 
4lh To be changed into another substance, Chines-kolili. Tlic 

Bread is changed into flesh, Lu snkolpo kolil hi t'skoltich. 
5th To change color, Koeel. For a person to change color, Tigu- 

Change, v, f. To make it pass from* one state to anotl)er, Jcs-tigu- 

2d To exchange with any other, les-neigueusem. 
3d To exchange an article for another of the same owner, Ics-ko- 

4th To change place, moving from one to another, Chines-sipsilshi. 
5th To exchange place with another, Chines-neiguselpi. 
6th To change horses with another, swopping, Chines-neiguska- 

gaei. To change only for a while, for a ride, Kae-kolinucgui ; 

To change my own horses, i\ g, when one is fatigued, Chines- 

7th To change shi'"ts with another man, Chines-neigusdlkasi. To 

change for another of my own, Chines-kolisalkasi. 
8th To change blankets with another, Chines-naigusizei. To 

change for another of my own, Chines-kolisizei. Trending 

blankets, reciprocally for a while, Chines-kolinizei. 
9th To change money, exchanging. Chines neigueusi. To give a 

58 CHA 

kind of (■ )in or cuiTOiu'y t'Tiny own aaotlior of iny own, 

lOtb To (lumi;-;^ r.i 'lo/ c!"., v;*Mi i'\\icv :\v[':Ac^, Cliliitjo to:i;isti. 

llih To c-hnnn'o life, los-tiiriilcin.ln in-ciiiU. 

!!?th To ('hrin;^'e tli'^'^^^elv-s^ ^ (.) t.ilco llio place of another, 

'Kaos-kol isenueirn i . 
IHili To ;•::•''.'. I :\:^o o'.ir.^.lvc.:, wr*/ lo go to tlio CiTico or vrv^rji ol 
the otiiei*, ret'iproeally, Kaes iu'igiisonucgui. 

*M Ono oa:--ily dniwn to any sidr, Zkuzkuzkulcul. 

4th A.'^ a loaf, easily carrldl by tke wind, Pilpilt. 

ChangcMJ, a. E:^liga]i'ni ; bwt nicaiiing tl-c ac-t oriuiving become dii- 

fcreiit, Tigugiilo:n, Tigiil, Mioany tbc fact tliat It changed. 
niATi, ?•. f. 1st To hvA'u partially the loot of a .standing tree, loa- 

2d Any' other post, les-ehiilalkoui. 
< 'TIAEACTER, 7i. 1st In as much a;s it marks the soul, etc., S'oh'- 

tchich . 
2d As it ^listingnishcM from others, Cliiniiten. 
CHAECOAL, ??. Zagzogt. 
2d To mark witli charcoal, Tes-lj/im. 
8d To burn charcoal, Chines-kolepi t*kl-zagzogr. 
CHARGE, n. 1st The person or thing committed to oui* trusty Sz- 

chiite, S'chiteh 
2d AYhut mu.^^'tpe paid, Khiu'-iMte]^, Oligakapilclen, (adgnilt. 
Chara'c, ?". f. See Load. Pack. 

2d To con^mand^ exhort, fes-clikolkoltepilcm, Ies-ni\ukanem. 
8d To phice to account, Tes-kaim, Tes kaishitem, Tes kailtem, los- 

t-kaishitem. See Account. 
4th To accuse. les nemiepem. 
5th To charge a gun, Chines-nclieinchi. ' 
CIIAPilTABLE, a. Es-nk'onkonneh-^, Es nkoniiltamsh. 
Charity, 1st As theological virtue, Xgamenchelisten. 
2d For love, Gamcinch. 

8d For the act of reciprocal love, Pgamoricheus. 
4th For the disposition to help poor pcoph^, Xkor.ultuiriStcn. 
5th For an act of helping the ])Oor, Snkoiinllinnsh. 
6th For a favor received, Snkonin. 

CHE 5l> 

C_;IIARM, ;?. Somesli. Sec Philtre, 
(^.-hiinn, r. ^. 1st To entice, le:s-zkiikununeni. 
2d To delight, les-upiuLshtem. 

Charrnct"!, I feci channed i:i — , Ie;f-zkukuir]iiicni, rc.s-p.'iu/iriOiu. 
< .'harniiiig, a. Pi];iit, Kciinikoiiit, Zkr.zulcut. 
CIlJ\SE, V. f. 1st To pursue, les-ngaiei)). 
2d To drive omvard, Ics keigum. 
:>d To drive away, les-niecminciii. 
dlASM, :i. Ei'--r.gakcu,s, Es-iizkapC-;:-;. 
(HIASTE, <7. T-gest, 1-gnku, Ta epIc.suclenisziU. 
2.1 Chaste girl, irr^'proiichable, Skoinelt. 
(TTTASTISE, V. f. le.s-lzim. Trs-p.giizg-izinK^'Isein. 

CHATTEL, ;:. Stakel^^zul, F^kainiieiszal. 

('HEAP, a. Es-iillcukuiiuako^::]!, T::s i:kulonuk«c:n. 

CHEAT, r. t. Isl To defraud, Ics-koilem. 

2d To deceive, ley-takakaiiuiiein. 

('"IHX'K, V. t, Lst A horse, le^i-ntniu^.scin. Sec Tin. 

2d A person, les-geeniin. 

ovl Oneself, Cldzes-ionienzuti, Chines-gv'cnzuti. 

4th To niiu!: goods, Te:>-e]it(^c!;iin, ['.'skaioi. 

(*lieckmate, i*. t. fe« poise in. 

i • TTT-^!'^!' ■?"*'■": ■, -» i '""^'. . T ,-^,^0 ■'.. .:.:']. ..i .,- , 

2d The pieces, ChiHcokoaniin. 

,.._! iv pl:iy at ci.t: -iirs, :.:ics-koai-:vyanii. :^0v^ Koa. 

V ^ L i^ji.^ J V, /i . O I'. Wi '^ il V ul .... , ^.'i . ..'iV.iiC tit Oil .1 1 v4.- . 

2d Dirtv Vvdth nuid, Kohr*4i!s. 

:>d Solid cheek, Kolkoais. 

4lh To .slaj) on the elieck, Tcs-llcotisuseni. 

.'ytli To iuive pimples on tlie cheek, ICs-kolpozs. 

'' *IIKETv, ('. t. Ibd By \vor;!s, les-nuukaneni. 

2<1 To elicci' luoives v/hen swiinininir, Ics ii].:i-;a;r.o(.ni. 

Cheerfal, a. 1st Calmly joyfid, Es n])ic!s, Esnirtomtc :o!o 

2<1 Cheei-ful at w.ork, Guaguaat. 

CaiEESE, n. St'zk6m, Tliis-.skaem. 

CITEPISTT, r. t. lesdvcigtem. 

CHEREY, ?i. Fnill, I'jgoiC/go. Ciierr}- tree, Lgo}g(;alkc. 

CHESS, Sec Cheekero". 

OIIEST, n. See Breast. . • . - - 

(JO CH [ 

2«I Ha>kt't, iSiikuknzaks. 
rilKW, r. /. ^rasticate, los-koakoceiu. 
21 T<^ chew tohnoco^ "Ks-ntk Mkolti t'sinrjiii^u. 
rniCITEX, H. Skuiskiis. 
2^1 Prairie ehicken, Skokolko. 
M Wood ehieken, KaH<a]zo. 
4th Small, white-hca'lod rhickeii. IlkoHvokein. 
i'nh Snalko, 
iith Sh^lshel. 
7th Stclgu. 
Sth Spualkan. 
9th Koaskoi. 
1 0th 8kogolu. 
t'flTEF, (7. Es-nshiiziii. 
Chief, n. riimigum. 

CIIfLT), ;z. Rgnsigult. Ifi eoinpnsitioa. ^ — elt. 
2(1 New born ehild, Sizelt. 
;M To be with child, Chines-iitkiielti. 
4th To bring forth a child, Chine.s-tkiiclti. 
oth To brine:: forth a dead child, Chin-cltellelt. 
f»th To have a child dead, Chin-tellelt. 
7th To kavc all one's children dead, Chin-kompclt. 
^th To carry my child in arm, Chines-kucnelti. 
Oth To carrv anv child on the back, Chin-koltelt. 
10th To have all children dead, killed, r.*hin-z'sp<^lt. 
Uth To be childless, Chin-chstemclt. 
12th To have plenty of children, Chin-goegoerlt. 
18th 3Jv cliild is debauched, (-hin-chialt. 
14th To take care of my child, Chines-chitelti. 
I-Hh To flog my own child Thin-spelt. 
KJth Small child, Skuknimelt. 

In regard to parents, in composition, is haid Kael. See Kael. 
(/hildhood, Skukuiumc. 

(^HILL, r. n. Chines-chzl(iini, Chines- igumusi. 
2d Chilled hands, (^hincB-tcmtemla, ('hin-nzuzni6chsi. 
CHIMNEY, n. Snolshizten. 

CHIN w. Kolchcni6pcri, Colchem6p9t, See Eit, Bridle. 
r'lllNAMAN, ??. Chihisni, Chilosuisshcn, from the queue banging, 
down from th.e top of the head. / 

CLE (31 

(/IIOIOE, n. My choice, Is-znlels, Is-ziiko^-n, I-spuiis Sec Will. 

(^ilOKE, V. L Chines-t'kupmi. 

2d By unythuig rciimimng in the throat, Cliin-apogo, Chin-apgue. 

( /hokc, ?;. f. To render unable to breathe, Ics-tkapini, tkapslen. 

2i\ By pressing on the throat, Chincs-kohkupzini. 

*l(l B\^ catching a fellow by the throat, Gh incs-kolzipzini. 

4th By throwing a rope at his neck, Chines-kohizzini. 

CHOP, r. t, lo8-shelim. 

C^IIOOSE, r. t, Ics-nko^nem. 

(Jhoose, V. i, Chines-nko(^ni. Sec Choice. 

CHBISTIAX, Klistian, Chochomul, Ej)l--nchaunien, Es-lbaleni. 

(JUURCII, n. Snchaumon. 

CHURN, n. Snkolcmen hi rchm'incmen. 

(^hnrn, v. k 1st By working the piston up and down, Es-teemi. 

2d By turning the wheel, Es-silchcini. 

<'IGAE^7?. Es-n.shitepene. I smoke a cigar, 'Chines-nshitepenc. 

CIPHER, n. Schsicn. 

</ipher, v, ?'. Chines-chsi^ni. 

(;] RCLE, «. lal. 

2d A circle of wood, etc., to play, Gulko. 

3d Around ^ui object, Ch'chmiz'^, Chializo. See Chem, Chemip. 

CIRCUMCISE, r. f, les-chcheuizeni 1:: spaik, les-chskciukaneni lu 

spalk. dim. For babies, les-clislkciiikancm hi spalk. 
Circunicise<l, a, Es-chsl!ceiukan lu spapalks. 
CITIZEX, /i. Suiapi. 

2d To become a citizen, Chin-kolist chin-.^'.:iapi. 
tvITY, n. Es-kci, Es-keikei, Siapkuin, Sniiipkcinton. 
CLAM, Clamp, a. Skokollanc. 
CLaMOR, i\ i, Chincs-nmczinmisti. 
CLANK, of horses leet, Lululu. 
CLAP, th«) hands, Es-tukotakochinzuti. 
<'LAR1NET, w. Chlgoalko. 
CLAW, Sco Paw. 
CLAY, M. Malt. 
CLEAN a, i-gest, I-guku. 

2d Clean dish, Ngeseize, Ngukuelzc, Ngiikulzo. 
8d To become clean, Es-gukupmi. 
^•lean, i\ t. les-gukum, lescci^em. 
OLEAR, a, 1st Free from opaqueness^ bright, I-gal. 

(>2 CLO 

2d Fro^ from Mb:^t^lu■}i()•l, Es-u;nk. 

4th Fvoc from I:r.}>urity, iiK vv\iter, T-sish. 

nth CU'iir", T ^\':;"'^ T-yis"!v'!>|.'n. 

nth Oleai- w^.Ah-:-, ^''h-;- :'-k:it, riiirukiMr' -tkat. 

7th Clear road, r]s-]c;ii;. 

>Uh CIcnr voico, soimkI, X!nkozi!i. 

th Cleiir siglitod, riiiuiuus. 

(Jlear j^/r. Wliolly, !--. 

(.'Icar, r. /. 1. I T(^ fj-co ♦V-^-p '.^^'-ti-'ictio!^ Trv---iV:,'.;-, 

'2{\ To free fVoiii ( h-'-!::-ity, [«;•-• 'rJ-oiuiia. 

tM T'"* froo fr^^::i Si:'':!y, T.- --"'j'' '"^\ '^'- ''•a^'inr':;;.-::). 

1-th -To fiV? fr>'r.i i:n]M!rity, fv^N- '•V!:;j::uM;."ri. 

2i\ It cl^'ars fri;'n ()!>s{rr.( ti;)i\ F" i-akiiTuv.i. 

Hi\ From stains, 'Ms gukiipmi. 

?th from iin])Ui'itv, 7^s s'skinini. 

.'Stii From doiirls, Ksehg'.i!ci5pa.s!:ali. 

OLK.VYE, Pe'> A'll.err/Ktick. 

CLEMENT, ./. SknuhounvU. 

CLEVER, a. Pa-'pairt. 



S"" Cliar'tv, 

V .'>;*, .J... • 

ten. Sec Chit. 

'>.] On a ^•''•^■^ ^*' "• ^••-•'- ^-x' '^'^M I '""! ''--♦ Cfii'M^-' ^.'h?"K-^n 

oJ Oi^. a slair-ca.s'e, Cliinf^s-mn'ssel^fii. 

4th Oil ahi!,(^hiiies-shal]uti. 

Tnli On a ?iray pole, Cliines-fhf.rripano-i. 

CLINCIL v.). L.'S-z:ine!>.. 

::.l To cliiyh t!'c> f:-!s, rii'i-inc 1!:;: 'chst. 

« 'LIXC, r. A E-'-liilidlk^-, ly '•!:a::-nzati. 

CUP, V. f. Tes-ailem. S\- S!:'\ar. 

(v^LOAK, n. Chilkaltehnlks. 

CLO(M\, p. Spakar.i, Sp'pakani. 

CJLOSE, r. f. 1st If) draw to:^ethej', Tes-zaaem. 

f'i To filitit a (](.()?, C!iiiics.k.)Hn::ha^:pi. See '--liin. 

od To sliut one eye,'.; E:)th eyes, Chines -nzi'ps psj. 

4th To draw ehj^^e, Cliines chelcmeiizuli. 

COG 68 

•jlh To close a 3pcoch, Chliie^^ l^oizuu. 

Close, a. Isl Of a door, Es-kolinBlmcp, Es koliuzennia]). 

2.1 Soerot, Es-koiazonuiup In opviriincii-l.;. 

oJ Parsimonious, leiukue, Xcmncrat. 

4tli Neighbor, 8'cki.sagain. 

5th Cojnpact, I-oil. See Thiclc. 

CliOT, Of blood iiLsklo au a:iiinal'.-> bouv, Miliclilu. 

CLOTH, ?i. red. Kulkuilt. 

(vloilic, V. t. Ibt To drcsy oiiL'.soh'", Chines gazauinli. 

2^1 To dvc^:^ a'av;tkor, Te^-gaziu'iiiiicai, Ics-al^upiiii. S.\- Ligup. 

Clothes, n, Ga^uiuinton. 

2d Poor clothes, Ghkonkonize. 

Vyd IN'icc clothes, Es-gcoulks. 

4th Old clotliey, vSkaspalks, 

0th Xew clothes Sizalks^ 

0th llcfiise clothes, S^^olalks. 

7th To chniicro clothes, Chin-koh'salks. 

Clothcs-pin, Zanenieii. 

Clothes-line, Chilkoelistcn. See Lok. 

CLOUD, n. Sk'hitcniip, j;7. S'chinti^nteinip. 

Cloudy, a. Es-hemip, Es-cbiteniip. 

t^OAGULATE, v. i. 1st Of blood and milk, Es-okMni. 

2d Of gruel, etc., Es-zu.pir.i. 

Coagulate, v. t, les-uleni. 

Coagulated, a, Noolku, 061 1. 

COAL, n. Zkolzagozogt. Burning coal, Es ziiiiu. 

COALESCE, V. i. Chines-nk'ouilshi. 

<^'0AI1SE, Clo\vni.\^!i, a. Tas-golh^epus, Ta epl-nzc .-.lilin, Tas knlpu- 
senzut, Tas neheltunish'. 

COAST, w. See Shore. 

COAT,/i. Snazlk^it. 

COAX, r. t. Ies-kolegucgnkunein„Tes-totcnni. 

To coax one into, Ico-zkulvun anoni. 

COBAYEB, Sazini. 

2d The spider makes tlie cob-^vcb, Es-koUazeniini. 

3d L catches flies in tlic cob-wcb, Es-aznii. 

COCir, n. E-ju^tcr, Skaileniigu ;:ki:iskus, Lik6k. 

COCrl, v. f. AVIicaL or ]^ny, Chilinkokcincni. 

COCKLE, n. Xcheslnkein. 

(54 COL 

CM) EQUAL, (7. SnkuKv.agcVil, My equal, hu is-nku]oza;^(.Ml. 

OOESSENTIAL, a. Snkiiop-sla^ltich. 

COETANEOUS, a. Snknlii^i^ 

COEXIST, With, les-iikullziim. 

T'OFFEE, 71. Kape. To muko coffee, Tes-nzliaiisem. 

Coffee-pot, Xzka listen hi Tkape. 

r'OFFEE, 71, For keeping money, Snululiraton.. 

(.^OFFIN, n. Ntkotin. 

('OGXIZAXrE, 7?. To take jndieial information, le.s-ehkonmcpi- 

lem, les-ehmid'pilom. See Koen, Mii. 
COHABIT, r. i. With, 1st If they be equals, Tes-nkulrmutem. 
2d If there be a subordi::ation, les-ehemutcm. 
3d As a servant, les-ehemtepem. 
4th Cohabit simply, Es-aieuti. 
COHEIR, n. Snkuep-8te, l^ko n kaepste. 
COIL, V, t. les-ehialim, ehialenten. 
Coil, V i. As a snake, Es-ehialkanzuti. 
Coil, Of rope, thread, Es-chi61, Es-golkoep. 
COIN, n, U\ ululim. 
COIiVCIDE, r. n. Es-nlopusi. 
COITIOX, 71. Smipstu6gu, S'elizcnuegu. 
COLD,a. Zalt. 
2d Cool, I-zel. 

3d Uncomfortably cold, I-sui, I-sul. 
4th Wanting in spirits, activity, Gopt, Shept. 
r)th 1 feel, am cold, Chines-suiti. 

Cth 1 have cold hands, chilly, Chincs-zuzui6chsi, Chines-tt'mtumla. 
7th The weather is cold, Es-zalti. 
8th Cold countrv, Zaltuleoru. 
9th Cold water, Zelatiku. See Cool freeze. 
10th I am shiverino; with cold. Chin-chiszleini. 
11th 1 am freezing, Chin-chiligumus. 
12th To catch cold, Chincs-ohoi. vSce Cough. 
13lh Cold weather, Zaltemnug. 
COLLAR, n. 1st Necklace, Skalcps. 
2d Collar of a sliirt, etc, S^chempolkolt. See Chein. 1 wear a col^ 

tar, Chines-chempol-kolti. 
Collar, V. t. To seize by the collUr, les-kolzipziuem. 
2d To give a collar, Tes-chempolkoltem.. 

COM. Q5 

Collar-bone, n. Snchonilkeit. 
(/OliLEAGUE, 7K Snkulczageil. In eompositiou, 'Snkii} — '. Sec 

Kko^ Fellow. 
COIjOE. 71, 1st There is no general name for color. AVhat color 

horse is he ? ^Stom lu spunis ? L chcn u ezgeil lu spuins '! Ez'- 

s'(}h6ii lu spurns ? Ez's'chin^lgu I'' Es-chiles'chinclgu T 
2d Colors for painting, See Paintings, Minemen. 
3d Colors for a flag, See Flag. 
4th AVhat color shirt have vou ? Ku-ez-s'chinalks ? 
5th What color bhmket have you ? Ku-ez.s'chiuize '! 
6th What color face have you? Kucz-s'chinus y i have a brown 

face, I-chin-koais. 
7th What color beads, feathers? Es-chslicsh'chinus, or L chen u 

cS'Chlagagalus ? 
Color, i\ t, les-nfinem. See Dye. 
Colored-people, n, Negro, 1-koais, Koios. See Koai. 
COLT, n. iikakaichc. 
2d Of one year, i^kokomeus. 
3d Two years old, Kokomeus. 
COLUMN, n. Es-nshit61egu, pL Es-nzlzlulegi;. 
COMB, w. S'ushemin. 

Comb, r. f, Chines-ushemi, Chines-ushkcini. 
COME, i\ I, Chines-zgui. See Giii. . 
2d I come to see him, les-chguiem. 
3d Come back, Chin-elzgui. 
4ih Come back, returning without completing the trij), (.'hin-elz- 

5th Come back, after a trip completed, ('hin-elzimsh. 
6th lie is coming, Es-zen6s. See Enes. 
7th Come quick, Chin-zuamist. 
8th Come down, Chin-zu^lkup. 
Oth Come down from horseback, or throwing oneself down from 

a f«mce, etc., Chin-ztipenzuti. 
10th Come home, Chin-elgui. 

Uth, Come too late, Chin-guzpele. Sec Late, Arrive. 
12thCome in, enter, Chin-znolgu. 
13th Come sliding, dragging oneself sitting on the heels, Indian 

way, Chines-zkoamenziiti. 
«^cc In, At, Up, Down, After, Out. 

r>6 COM 

1 lib To corii: r.ut (jftho wliIlt, to v') io iiii. 1, Cliin znlJ.-!::!^!:^. 

I'th F^co Go. T]y j)r: fixing ^z' lo all t!l'^;J verb.-, llioy hicuii to 

Comer, n. SV-liiz'zin. 

(^OM'MANP, r. f. 1st A p'T.-; -.n, Toszuiioin, Ics-iclicniijp., !ei^.iiJ-n- 
kancni, los-kolkoilstem. 

iM A thir,^, Tcs-cb.szLiiiem, les ilislchniiin, Ics clisk(;]k':.^ltein, Ics- 
(•ksnaukjinem, Tos cbkolkoltepncin. 

(^)mrnan(l, n. Sb-kmim, The mi oC cominanding, S!:o]koCll. 

(\)mmander, n. f^^ulchemim, Sguelikolkoltepilc. My comaiaiider, 
who eommar.ds vaCj rn-cIikolkolU-pilcnzuloii, Tiilckcuienzutcu. 

^"'0"^^M0^^', a. l-^t it is a coinTiion projjcrty, Esia ii cp ; 

:M Our common father, Kaof^ia u kao pog6t. 

8d 1 give til at wagoi), mono}', in common, lea-nlkueuscin hi 
golko; per/. ]Srtk;:eL-sen In golko. (From Ics-tkom.) I 
irivo th?;n the wiv'nn lu ommon, Tc^^nlkiiL ;i'liiji !ii uCdko' ; 
lie g:ivo us the vragon iii common, 'J\ac-nlku<julils, lu goiko'; 
It has been given to us in common, 'Kae-nikuuulilt. lit. 1 
place the wagon, money, between tliem^ among them. 

4th "We have th.c v/agon in common, Kae-nlkue<isemeuteni la 
irolko*; Have ve tlie v/airon in common, 'XlkucuKcmcntl lii 
golko' ; Place, give the wagon in common, ^Xtkucu^senti lix 

X. B. The double conjugation, the original, Ics-ntkueusem, ntkucu- 
8en, (S) I place it in common ; Ics-ntkucasem, ntkaeii.^emeii, 
(0) I have it in common. Tlils remark applies to all the fol- 
io win:; verbs. 

r)th The wagon is in common, Es-ntkucus lu golko. 

6th I give a horse in common, les-ncchsushc^usem in snchilzas- 
kagae. lit. I stand that horse betvreen, among. *Xechsusheu- 
senti\ Place that horse in common ; 1 stand the horse in com- 
mon to them, *Ies-nechsusheuUem. hi snchilzaskagaok [From 

Tth Wo have the horse in common, Kaes-nechsn.slieusem, {perf. 
n.echsush6usementem) lu snchilzaskagae. Have ye the horso 
in common. ^Xechsusheuscmentik 

8lh Tie stands, is in common^ Es-nechsusheus. 

Otii T give a gun in common, Tcs-nchizeuscm lu solohjminch, (pcrf. 
nehizeusen^. Place that gun iu common, 'Xchiz^usenti'. 


I givj tliatguii to tlicr.i \a common, 'Ic;s nchzeuUeivi'. (From 
l?ih V^c L.-ivc tlio gun in (oininoiui, Kucs-nchzcusom, (jnr/. 
kno-iU'hzi'iisciiicntc:n) ; Have ye. the '^wn in comiiion ^Xchztui- 
1 ll!i I givo a blanlcct in cominon, Tes ;.tkcuseni ^.;;•:c^J, (titkcuscn, 
iiti-:c:!S.'i.l). T give llicin a biankot in common, I lay a blan- 
ket dovrn f\)r them, among thcmselvc.-*, '[es-nlkcLritem .'iizem'. 
(b rom iiccm.) 
12tli ^Vo' liavo tbe blanket in common, Kacs-ntkeusem, Kae-nt- 
kc>i;.:;ori:entein. TIavc ve tbat l.lankel In common, 'Xlkcuso- 
luenti sizem*. 
I>r. 11. All tbc;:J0 vcrb3 ck^pond from the different Indian verbo to 

express to place, to put. 
Then all oilier km 1.; oi.'corii:n unity ci:i bj rondcrjd by tbe cor- 
responding verb mckided between ^n — ens', tbe copulative ; 
yet Inemo^.^ n^ual way ror:ilI is to yay,'Kae.sia u kaegolko, kao- 
sia a kae-solok>miae!i', Tbe wagon of a.s all, the gun oi' u.s all. 
C'OMMrXICATE, v, t. Isl To have a -.share in, ]S^ko u cbiii-ep-sle, 

Icb-liokten-.'m, les-temhiK-nuegum. vSee (/ommon. 
2cl To reveal, impart news, Ics-mimisbitem. 
Comriinnicate, v. (. kst To receive communion, Cbines-nkaezini. 

iSeo Kac. 
2d To be in partnership with, C.hincs-tem'mcnuegui. 
tl(\ To have ar.y thing in common, by }.*ropagation, Je.schmelkue- 
.pem, les-chmopcpem. I communicate (lit. 1 have propogated 
10 n.e) in the isin of Adam, ^Chmelkuepemen lu tele szkueis 
Adam'; I communicate^ in the blood of Jesus Christ, I luive it 
lb)^^•ing down to nu'\ 'Chmopcpmen In .snguls Jesu Ivli'. 
(*o]nmauion, n. 1st Lord's suppcj', Snkaezin. 

2d Communion of saints, hn sntemmenuegutis hi e.sdbatem ; ha 
snkorii!^htis !u es-lbatem ; -Lu Mitepsciistis -lu csdl'altm ; hu 
sniaamilshtis hi cs-lbatcm 3 hu snkoligueustis Ui eslbatcm. 
The first moans the intercourse , the second, unification; the 
third, the being joined to getlier ; the Courlh, the reunion, tlie 
becondng one people, one family. 
COMPANrO^S, n. 1st For traveling, Sgaziit. See Gazut. 
2d Comrade, friend, Scllagt. See Lagt. 
3d In a groat feat of war, Sukoi. Sec Soko. 

08 COM 

4th Vjito <U'alb, Ivejio. Sec Kgjiini. 

.Otb In aiiytliini:; else, *Xko' })roiixo(l to tlio noun or verb. See 
Xko, With, Together, Fellow. 

'Yon nuist quit yor.r bad companions' be rendered accord- 
ing to what bad company it is. To a boy I should t^ay, *Aks- 
nhinclsem hi t^'ic lu as-nkultituit' ; to a girl,./iLu tcie In as-n- 
kulshcshiitcm' ; t:> an o'o.sconc talker , ^Lu as-nkuk-hcehczin' ; 
to a gambler, ^hn as-nkuhilalpiU. 

roMPAXY, V. To be in company \yith, Chines-nsliei. Sec Shei. 

2d To keep compan}', Chines-shishei. 

(^OMPAKxVTiVE, TeK or Telzi hi tel. See More 

COMPARE, r. t. Tcs-chpnsem, les-chsugumcm. See Puusem, Siigu 

'2(\ To think equal, les-chshiimeusem. Se(» Shei.' 

•>d To think inferior, les-koHezeutem. 

4lh To think superior, Ics-nshnzinem. 

(^OMPASSIOXATE, r. t. 1st To feel pity, les nkt)nnemincni. 

2<l To i'ecl sad Avith one, les-nkulpupusenchem, les-nkuhiii^opcl- 

ild To suffer with him, Ies-nku]nguzguzmelsem. 

4th To feel sad for him, les-chpupusenehem, les-chzkoakom, les- 

r>th To look at one compassionately, Te^ ehkonnusem. 

Otli To hear one compassionately, les-nkonnenem. 

(COMPATRIOT, n. Snkueligu. 

COMPEL, r. t. lesdchemim, les-aizinem. 

CO^rPEXSATE, r. t. 1st Eor work or favors received les-gakam. 
2d For damages, debts, les-ukolisiisem, Ics-nguz'shusem. Sec Pag;. 
(/OMPLAIX, r. L Ohincs-iezuti, Chines iczinmisti, Chines-clnli- 

2d To complain of him, les-chilikoucm, les-chiezinmistem. 
COMPLETE, Sec Finish. 
COMPORT, See Behave. 

COMPOSE, r. f. 1st To put together, Tes-mimim. 
2d To place in proper form, Jes-kolem. 
3 1 Com])ose oneself, adjust oneself, Chinos-kolemisti. 
4th To quiet, ap])ease, les-telpim, Ieskamj)ini. 
COMPKEIIEXD, r. ?. 1st To take in. See Contain. 
2d To uudcrslaiul, Ics-nsiiguncm. 

cox 69 

C^OMPEE-JS, r. t. 1st to pross together les zaiicm. 
2cl To rccluce to a smaller volume, les-kaziiu. 
HiX To press upon, Jcs-chilznmancin. 
(, COMPUNCTION, Sec Sorrow-, Contrition, Regi-ct. 
C(J)2NrC'EATj, r. t. les-uekum. To coneea! his own faults, doings, 

:2d To put away, les-elkom. 
(J0;NCEDE, Sec Grant, 
C^O^^rEIYE, r. /. dunes-ntkukuclti, Chines-nlkueiti, Chin-ep-szn- 

loko, Chincs-iumi. 
Conceive, v. f. les-ntkiikueltcm, les-ntkuoltem, les-nkulilzcmem. 
Conceived, a. 1st Said by the mother, what I have conceived, iuu 

i szntkukiiclt, hx\ i-szntku<^l(, Lu i-sznkolilzo. 
2d Said by the child,* Chines-ntoko, (^hines-ntkoko, Chincs-nkolil, 
Chincs-nk61ilz(% Ko-ntkukueltementem, Ko-nkolilzemontem, 
(in reference to the mother by whom it has been conceived.) 
Conception, ?*. 1st The conceiving, Sntkukuelten, Snkolilzeten. 
2<1 The being conceived, Szntkoko, Szntoko, Sznkolilze. 
( *OXCP]I?N, r. t. 1st To belong to, to affect the interest of, It con- 
cerns ]ne, Koie u chin-ep-ste, Koic u chin-ep-s'chkaels. See Kae. 
2d Sec Business. 

Concern, n. Tee stem, Sznkaels, S'chkaels. 
( 'ONCERT, r. t. To plan devise, les-kulpagcm. 
(CONCILIATE, ?*. t. To win over, to regain Iricndship, les-ihcm. 
< 'OXC.LUSION, n. Snptlemus, Shhipaks. Conclusion of a sj>eech, 

Seutzin. See End. 
<;OXCOED, n. Inko u ep spuus. 
( 'OXCOURSE, See Crowd. 

C^OXCUBINE, n. Nogonog, Szmiko, Szkolin, Snkuletitsh. 
< 'OXCUE, r. '. To meet in opinion, Chines-nshielsi. See Shci. 
( *ONDEMN, i\ t, leschzogoepilem. To condemn to death, les- 

Condemnation, n. Snchzogoe])ilclen. 
CONDENSE. See Thick. 
(^OXDITFON, Conditionally, See ]i',.(jrnw. 
( 'OXDONE, ?•. ^ To ])ardon his — Ics-chsnkonnemiltom. les-chs- 

guizltcm. See Pardon. 
(.'OXDUCT, r. /. 1st To lead, guide, les-golshiitusem, l\o-essgii- 

70 CON 

!'! '^'; >• ■ -'•!, a •r:;mpany, I'^s-r^:>7.ut0!n. 
.'>d To bring, Tes g'uiuscin. 

('OXFESS, i*. ;*. (Miiiies-nnupemist. See Meic. 

!?'] Xrt ! ^ ''■'!!}', (''liiiH^s nrp.O'jirp. 

'M ^^y ■":"^-'.-V, -j)>':;t:i:);^'^'.'-ly, ('l;:n(^s n!'.ii])":i:: ':ti. 

'J;l To <'t)nlVss i!.o f:i:t!i, Tcs-n'j!i^ic;KMJi In i-.siioniniriicnetc!K los la- 

:M To ''onfes.'^ llio Kin-- ofanotli':'!', T"^> r'v.^)oiiiists]i:t^Mii. 
<-onfcssion, /*. 
('^'>n^os-:o]i;\], n. Snniipojvn-itoii. 
(,\)ntV£sor, ?2. S^iinmi])en) 
('ONPIDEXCK, /^ As an tict, Snnutssols. 
2'1 A^ virtuo, X?nuss(?lstiMi. 

:M T-) li'iv'.' .'(iiifMi^iL-^ (^hi!]t's nin 'tx^^ |si. rtiii'.es-tkuelseniisti. 
•!!:i T<^ '.Kivc c-op.f]"! MK-o in liini, It»s!ir:v.V->('l^".-ii\ Ics kntont Isci;;, 

les nonin^nc:io!Ti, Ics tkiK^lser.i. 
Tjtli To luivi^ ( onfjdcnce in oncsc!', 01}iii-i(>Iosj)ni:Sy riiinos-nm^s'- 

chsti. Sec Miis. 
COXFIXF, n. Soo Bonndarv. 
(N)nfino, r. t. To be confined, Chinos-tkiikiuMli, Chinos kok^^^-iisi- 

(X)XFITnrATIOX, 71. Snioiotilshton. 

nOXFLAGTlATIOX, n. 8pnap. 

(/()XFLICT. ?•. f. Ios-she!non6usem, Ics-eiituscni. 

(^OXFLITEXT, n. l^i A Inhutarv stroam, Xfn-iuHikii. 

2d The phue wliore th.e two streams join, chi^ut'p^^'tiku. 

(^OXFORM, r. t. 1st to make like, Tes-a:!:ei!em t— , Tesdcolem kae- 

zaojc^ili t — . 
2d To conform one's mind to, Chines-nagtdelsi la 1' — , Inko n cdiin- 

ep szntels In 1, les-nknl-nag-alc^lsom. 
.•>d To (-onform one's actions to, Chin-eza^-cili t — 
4t!i To submit ono'^clf to, Chines-kohiicalemisii. 
5th To follow one's will^ Tes (-hshinim In spnu-^z, res.chshiHt^m hi 

r;OXl>OUX.D, See Astonish. 
Confounded, a. Perplexed, Chines icimnn. 

CON 71 

CO:NFPtONT, i\ a. Ui To ^Uind in front, Lc. mi}l:i]i(^!s}ii^l.--oJM. 

12 d To turn towards, Ics chutagoiuscjii. 

3d To stand in opposition, Ics-chentusem. 

C0:N'FUSE, V, t. Soe Mix. 


00:N'GrwVTULATE, r. /. 1st To rojoiec with, les nkuliipu'lsi^n, 

2d To rejoico of, about, Ics-chnpiclscm, Tcs-chlemlcni. 
COXGEEGATE, See Gather. 
CONICAL, ^.Xtliitlii. 
r^ONQUEE, i^. t. iGs-tlegLipein. 
COXSAXGUIXEOUS, a. Kko cp-3iigul. ^ly c^on.;.iii-;ii:Kv us, 

Inko cp-sngul rkole, Nkulngulemcn, (0). 
CONSCIENCE, lu Spuus. *^ 

CONSCrOUS, a. Es-miszuti, E.s-mistcn. 

Cx)nscioii3acsy, To lose eonseioiisness, ChinOo-n'X'lsLden;r::lu.^:i. 
(Consciously', adv. Szehzogo. See Zog. 
COXSECEATE, r. t. les-ch'chaupilcn-i. 
Conyeeration, n. S'ch'chaupile. 

Consecrator, n. Ch'chaupilenzutCD, Sgueh'cliaiijjile ; ]My (•(M!..ooi:it- 
ing 2^erson, ^vho acts in my name, T-t^giich^'liaiipilo ; IFv- who 
consecrate:^, blesses me, In-ch'ehaupilcnr'uten. 
CONSENT, i\ i. 1st To agree in opinion, Chines-nagalrlsi t — . 

Sec Agal. 
2d To yield, give permii;3ion, Chines-shiclsi, Chincs-::uli shci. 
3d To. consent to a ma.iriage, Chincs-nshiclsi, Cljines-zuti shci. 
4th To consent to take that wife or nian, Chincs-zuti a. 
THb To consent, grant, les-sheiem. See Shei. 
Consent, n. Szshicls. 

CONSEQUENTLY, adv,Go\ shei, knemt. 
CONSEEYE, V. /. les ehitim, les-chsiutim. 
CONSIDEE, r. f. 1st To meditate, to think, but not about tilings 

that one is to do, los-puscminem. 
2d To think what L or others must do, Ies-kulj)agcm. 
?i{\ To look attentively, les-azgam. 
4th To estimate, to take into account, les azgam. 
ilth To examine. Tes-nlkolkolsinzutem. 
CONSIDEEATE, a. Careful, Kulpapagamul. 

72 CON 

Cousiclci*ately, aJv, Szchzugo. 

CONSIGX, V. t. 1st To deliver, give, les-guizshem. 

2d To give in trust, Ics-chittilem. 

3d To consitrn oneself, (^hincs-iicuzsliem'isti. 

Consignee, n. The person to whom the thin-- is trusted, Xchilelc- 

inisten, Sguohtini. 
C0X80LE, I*. /. les-lemniim, les-nlemelseni. 
Consoler, ??. Jjcmmenzutcn. 
COXSOTkT, SnkuHvolil. In composition, 'pu'. The consort of 

Pote^', 'Pu.Pier ; The consort of Mary, a^i-Maly'. 
CONSPIPE, r. /*. To unite together for an eml, l\?ies-iamstem lu 

kae-spuus, Kac-chnkospuusenistem. 
CONSTABLE, n. Sgulchim, Sgul»unem. 
CONSTANT, (/. Zenzanl. Sec Zan, F nn. 
Constantly, ((dr, Agatchim. 
CONSTITUTION,^;;. The American constitution, ^.u siichzogiicpi- 

l<^tis \u Suiapi. 
CONSUBSTANTIAL, Jesus Christ is consubatantial to his father, 

Jesu Kli inlvo u ep-Skolinzuten h\ Tleeu. 
CONSULT, r. t. To ask one's advise, Ies-nz(iuzineni. 
2d To deliberate upon, Ies-kulpag6m, les-ko6nmcm, les-chkonme- 

pilem, Kaes-chkamkamelistem. 
Consult, V. i, Chines-kulpagami, C'hines-koenmei. 
(consultation, n, Szkulpag, Szkoenme. 
(.'onsultor, 72. Sgukulpagem, Sguko^nimem. 
CONSUME, V. t, 1st By using it up, rubbing, etc.. les-nninunein. 

See A am. 
2d By giving or throwing away, Ics-z'spnuncm. 
3d By drinking of any liquid, Tes-nsoopnnemii. 
4th By eating, los-uizincm. 
5th By fire, les-chamusem. 
Consume, r. L Chines-aamti. Chines-zspmi, Chines-nsoojmii, Chin- 

uizin, Chines-champmi. or Chines-chamiisi. 
Consumed, a, Aamt, Zsip, Nsoop, Cham us, Chamip. 
(CONSUMPTIVE, a. Es-tkutkoli ; (properly) Es-chgiimi. 
CONTACT, 71, In contact, Es-chngueusi. Es-tkomeusi. 
(K)NTAGIOUS disease, Chinilemen. 
2d To communicate the contagious disease, les-chinilem. 
8d To receive it, Ics-chnguminem hi nteliltin. 

CON 7J) 

CONTAIX, r. t. l^it I refrain, Ics-iomiin, les-gceuim. Coutiiin 

myself, Chincs-ionienziiti, Chines-geenzuti. 
2(1 To hold, to bo filled with, must bo rendered accordhig to the 

objer-t contiiined, r. g. The bucket contains water, 'Es-nsigu t' 

.seulku'; it contains flour, 'Ei;-np6ko t'szguako' ; it contains 

money, ^Es-neschen t'ululim*. ' ; 

COXTAMlXATE/r. f. 1st To soil, les-chiigum I'teie, Ios-chtk6in 

t'teie. * . 

2d To spoil, Ics-kolgoericm. 
CONTEMN, r. /. To disregard, les-gaigalemhlem.. See Slight-, 

les-paum. ; ' 

CONTEMPLATE, r. t. 1st To look at, les-azgam, les-chkaspusen). 
2(1 To have in view, intend. See Intend. 
('ONTEXD, V. i. Chines-tiakoti, les-eutiisem. 
2d To contend by words, les-chcszinem. . 

CONTEXT,.^. To be content, Chin-niuals. Sec lo, Chin-lcnit. ■ 
Content^ i\ t, les-lemmechstcm. . . 

Content, a. The contents, if liquids, Es-nsigu, - . t 

2d Grains, dust, potatoes, or the like, Es-ni)6!:o.- 
3d Contents df a trunk, Es-ntak. ■ , 

4th In general, Es-nloko, Es-nkamin. - 

COXTENTIOUS,a. Tikotemcn, Cheszincmen. ■■- - 

COXTIGUOUS, «. 1st Ifnear, Chsagam; - 

2d If meaning real contact, Es-chngums,, l^Is chngu- 

minem. , 

'id 1 aftl in contact with, les-chnguminom. 
COXTIXUAL, a. Without interruption, Iraction, Ta epl-es-gak, 

2d Very often, Goeit, Pentich, Zieus. 
Ccntinuallv, Continue usuallv takes the fonn of the verb continu- 

ate, 'es\ lie prays continually, 'Es-ehaui'. Continue t^) pray, 

«//?^. Es-chauish. Sec licmain. 
2d Continue to go, to work, Chines-tagolusi. / , . . r . . 

COXTRACT, r. t, 1st To shrink into small compass, Ciiines-kazpmi. 
2d To make bargains, trade, Chines-tomisti. 
•>d To make any other bar;::ain, Kaes-kamkamilshi. 
Uh Tc conclude a contract, Kacs-uis-kamkamilshi. 
Contract, i\ t. 1st To draw together,- les-kazim, lesz'ipcm, les- 


74 COX 

2(1 To brini; along, incur, ti8 to conlracl the original sin, dcatli, 

Ios-clnnclko6pcniom, les-chmopt^pmcm ; From nativity, Ics- 

nkoriuseni, [os-nkufgiiioni. 
8(1 To contract an (.'i^idcmic, a stain, Chin-chinugn, los-chngnnii- 

4th To contract a (k'bt. ('Jiincskolguilgnilti. 
5th To enter into an agreement, Kacs-lcamkamilshi, Kaes-ni.s-kani- 

Contracted, a. Shrunken limbs, Ktmin, Kazip. 
Contracted hands, "Es kanechst. 
2d Contracted feet, Es-kanelishin. Sec Kan. 
COXTl^ADTCT, ?.\ t. 1st To reject one's statement, disbclit^ve, Tes- 

2d To oppose one^s wish, to refuse to conij^ly, les-'anis, Tes-nleni- 

zanem, les-ngoelzincnu 
8d To contradict, disbelieve oiieanothcr, argue, Kaesdceiasenneo;ni, 
4th To be animated by a spirit of contradicdon to another's views. 

oih To contradict himself in a statement, Chiiies-ntigulzini. 
0th To contradict one another in a statement, to make a different 

statement, Kaes-ntogtigulzin. 
7th To contradict that point, Ics-chsntemzancni. 
Contradiction, 7?. Ta, Nt^mten. 
Contradictious, a. 1st inclined to disbelieve others, Keinsemen, 

Kaikaiusemiil, Ks-Keiultumshi. 
2d Inclined to say no, to refuse another's wish, Temtemmoh See 

Ta, Keius. 
Conti'adictory, a. Opposite to one another, Es-shemen6us. 
CONTRITE^ (1. Ut. Es-mau, Es-pupusenchi, Es-chiHconzuti. 
Contrition, ?i. 1st As an act, Spupus6nch. 
2d As habit, Xpnpusenchten. 
3 J For the reproaching of oneself for bad deeds, S*chitkon/.ut. 

See Penance. 
CONTHIYE, r. t* Chines-kocncmei, Chincs-kulpagami. 
CO^^^TTvOL, r. t, Tes geenim, Tes-chitim, les-chshiepilem, Tes-ior(>- 

2d To control oneself, Chines-iomenzuti, Chincs-gcenzuti, Chines- 

tgomcnzuti, Chincs-chshiepilenzuti. 
2d Uncontrollablo horse, loios. 

coo 75 

CO:NTCS10^^ Sec Bruise. 
(^;02NrVALESCENT, a. To be coiivalescv'nt, i.'hiiielo.s-gesliLshi, 

Cliin-mcel, Chin-oi-hdu, Chin-cl'-pcesli. 
CO:XVEXE, Sec Gather. 

CONYEXJEXT, a. lo. Xot convenient, Tas-iu. 
C'O^VEllGE, V, /., E.'>-nuigol?>cnu:niitij;ui. 
CONYEUSATION, n. Skamkamilsb. 
Converse, r. L Kaes-kamkaniilslu. 
CONA^EllT, See Change. 
(Joiivert, r. i. Chin-elos pelchusi, Cliiu-elcs-lgoniouzuli, leles chn- 

lau'olusem hi ch-kolinzaten. 
2d Convert to the churclij Epl-nchaiuncn, K-vkuncmb In nchau- 

inen, E.s-lbat6m. ^ 

COX VEY, r. t. See Carry, brhig. 
2d To deed over, les-guizshern. 
v>cl To in^part information, les-chsgiiiuscni, Ics-iiiimini, Ic^-niiuii 

shite ui. 
(!,*ONYICT, t*. ]^. les-mipenuneni, les-ehnniipL^P'iloni. 
(.:OXVOCATE, See Gather. 
< JOOK, n. Sgiintpusem. Es-kolsinzuli. 

(Jook, v: t, les ntpu.soin Ics-nzkau-suin, (general) Chines-kol.Ninzuti. 
Cook, V, t. The victuals arc cooking, Es-piakami. 
Cooked, a, Piak. 
<,^00L, a. 1-zcl, I-sul, I sui, I-gaa. 
2d Cool water, I-zehiliku, I-nsuiku. 
:*d Cool sj)ring, i-nzelatiku. 
4th Cool room, Isiil. 
5th Liquids that cooled down. 1-nnial. 
<>th Cool flesh, not loo warm, Zeclelze. 
7th, Cool weather, Gapniig. 
i-'ool. r. /. 1st To become less hot, ul' liquids, Chines-nnu'lpnui. 

See Meef. 
2d To become not too warm, Es-zclmi. 

:-](! To cool down from a tit t>t* passion, Chines kampmi. Sec Ivam. 
•Uh Es-gapmi. ^ly lieai't is eooled down, I-chin-gapspuus. 
</ool, V, t. 1st To make it become less hot, Ic.H-nmclpam. 
2<l To make it not too warm, Jes-zecieni. 
3d To pacify, appease, Ics-kampim. 
4th By ventilation, les gaapnuneui, See Gaa. 

76 COS 

."nh I cool his heart, Tes-kolchgapspuiiscm. 

nth I cool tliat room, heart, inside, ]es-iii;'aa!zonK 

(V)oiv»yate, ?•. f'.Ti) c(V»norate with, Ies-iishic<'h<tein, T.o.^ iiira'f.tuscr.i, 

les-olkshitem, L^s-nkiilkolcm. > , , 

OOPPEl^n. ikiiil ululim; . 
(V)T*T'LATE,.?*. i. Kaes-ch/AMUiegui, Tvaes-inipstuegui, KacS:nko- 

menuegni. See (^oiiplo. . 

2(1 Tes-cliizinom, ro^"H-nii[>onii!MMn, Tesiiakom, res-.rJo,Lip5<:eni. 
CORD, /?. Sipi. 

2d Cord of wood, Sugumcton. 

CORKTJGIOXIST, n. My coreliirionist, T-Hnkuepl-nchaumen. 
• (.'ORK, n. Tkepten, Kolinkaepten. Sot- Kae. 
Cork, V. f. ics-tkepein, les-koHnkaepeni. 
CORX, n. Maiz, Ikurkiiali. 
(U)RXER, n. Es-koee. 
(^OPPOREAT., a. Malt hi F^keltichs. 
(^OR'pSE, n, Es-tliiemi, Tenlemnei. 
rORRECT, r. /.1st To brim.; it hack to ri-dit, to make rl.'ht,lc'les- 

2d To trv to hrinir to correct inorals, Ics-kolkoelj=5tem, Ies-kcikc4- 

*jd To reprove, Tes-e.hiHkonem. 
4lh To prevent from doing mischief, les-geeiiim. 
otli To punish, les-lzim. 
( ■orreet, a, I-tog. 
^'orrcotor, n. Tgomenzuten, Kolkoelstenzuten, Chihkonzuteii, (jc- 

enziiten, ^jzenziiten, 
CORPESPOXn, r. /. To fit, to he the other pr.rt, ER-shemciinis. 
2d To be in eonininnion with, Es-temmen'aegiii. 
')d To l)e in straight line, op])osite, Es-logtogs6iis. 
COPI^ODR, r. f. To eat awny, consume, les amn.unem. See Gnaw. 
COPRUPT, r. ;. To become vitiated, (Miines-chestiiilshi. SecIJot. 
Corrupt, r. t. 1st To spoil, defile, Jes-kolgoellcm. 
2d To vitiate, FeR-ehestiiilshem. 

(*orrapt, a. Es-chostuilsh, Es-kolgoePI, teic, Sgoelcmen. 
('orriipter,.??. Kolgorienzuten. 
COST, ;?. Xneisten, Sneis. What .will bo the cost ot^ a wagon? 

*Kii!nsch III ikl-niieisten hi Ticolko ? Uf. How manv fdolhiii^) 

m\i6\ be my paA-^Cur a.wag.on.?, ^ c*ci$t oi'a blunkoi? 

COU 77 

'Kuiuseh ill siicisz la sizcin ?' 
(\)st, r. /. 1st in trade, Esiieiseiu, lit. It is paid. It costs three 

(luliai's, 'Clioics ululiiu iii kl-uiicistis, or T'clielcs-iilulini ii c^- 

licciseiir 3 It costs iiic iniiny dollars, 'T'goeitlu iieeiscin, T'go- 

cit u i?>z-aeis\ 
2d Of work, Esgakum. 
3d Of debts, payment, Es-nkolisusem. 
X. 13. iU rendering this word, change llie jilirase 'It costs ii;e so 

much,' into this, *I paid so much for it.' See Pay. 
COSTIVE, a. Esdsagupcnchi, Tas ozkae, Tas menech. 
COSTLY, a. I*]s-nkulcuaksc'in, T,goeit u es-neiseni. . • • 

COTTOX TREE, Mulish, Molish, dim. Melmeltclp. 

COrGir, V. I. 1st Ey cold,r:hincs-ohoi. . . . ^ 

2d Of pneumonia, pleiifisy, Chines-nl-gomti. 

Cough, Ai. Sohoo, dim, Slohoo. 

COVXCIL, n. 1st The ])crsons assembled in council, J^s iaamilsh. 

*2d The meeting m council, Sziaamilsh. 

3il The j)lace of couiKil, Siiiamilshten, Sniaiatin-, Sukamkamelis- 

4tli The deliberation luld in council, SV-hkon'mepile. 
5th The decision of the council, Suis-kamkamiLsh, S'chzogu^pile. 
COUXSEL, v. t. To give advise to, les-kul]>agshltem, Fes-ziinem, 

• les-kolspuuscm. 
Counselor, n. Sgukulpagem, Kulpagshiszuten. 
COUXT, r. f, Ics-sienem. 

2d To esteeni, think, les ntclsein, les-nagaiclsem. 
Countenance, r. t. Ics iigaztuscm, les-naukanein, les oik .sh item. 

See Favor. 
COUXTKJJMAXD, r. f. Jeles-tam*m. 

COLTXTERPAXI^:, n. Chilguizcten. See lelgu. . . 

i'OUXTEP.PAirr, a. Es-shemeneus. " . 

POUXTER-rOISE, n. Ketemen. 
(.'OUXTPiY, «. Stoligu. 
2d Xicc country, ^-gesulegu. 
M Bad country, Chesulegu. See Land. 
('0UXTIIY-3IAX, n. My country-man, J-srdvueligu. 
2d What countryman art thou ? Ku stemeligu' '! 
•H Of thut cpuntry, ShijCdigu. 

7 S CO V 

4th or a difforcnt oounlry, Tigiil^lign. 

roiJPLE, V. '. rhiiios-senini* Sollii'. l^'oo fopiilalo. 

(^011 plo, n, E86I. 

rOUHAGE, n. Si<)iosj)ii{is, Skutispuus. 

:itl To take courag«.', Cliinos-koili, (Miincskoilemisti. 

vM To ir:vc eoiH':ii''c hv woivls, Tes-koil-zinom ; To 2civo coiirni'o In 

action, los-koilchstcm. 
4th To loso courage, riiii)os-])s])nia, <J!)incs-ornshkancinisti, CLiii- 

k o } pi p . So e h p i m , D i sco u ra gc . 
r()nra;i;eous, a. Kutispiius, foiospuus. KoUkolt. See Brave. 
COUSIN, a. Stmehs, Snkusigu. 
('OVnyAXT, ;?. I^ctwr^cn two nations, Siikoligii6n.>tcn, ykiili- 

COVEE, r. f. 1st Aiiv part ot'tlie bodv, Tcs-chielmim. 8ce Iel''ii. 
-(1 The whole body, not aronnd, but all over, les-chifilgncncm. 
od All around, Tes-chilguizon), Tes-sizem. 
4th The face with any veil spread on, les-iligiisem. I cover my 

own face, Chinesdligusi. 
oth To cover the face with Ids own hands' (Mdnes-ntkatkasinziiti. 
<Jth To cover the head with the hat, Chinesdvoazkani. 
7th To cover the head with a kerchief or the like, Chincs-chial- 

Slh By pulling the blanket over one's lie:id, Chincs-chimkunkciii 
IKh To cover with boardr, les-galim. Stre Gab 
10th To cover with carpets or the like, Ies-gu(>peni. See Gn^p. 
11th To cover with earth, lesdalcani ; To cover all over, les-cliil- 

12th To covtu* with sticks of wood, Ics-chilpncmen.' See Pin. 
DUh To cover with rubbish, les-chiltakcneni. See Tak. 
14th To hide from sight, Tes-u^kuin. 
15th To shelter from above, Tes-cbikliciein. See Thei. 
16th To ])rotect, losd^olkeigum. 

17th To cover with water, Tes-chil-melpcncm Sc(» Melip. 
18th To be sufficient for, Potusht>i. 

10th OTa male covering the female of its ki::d, Ics-sellim. 
20th To cover a ])ol with the coverlid, Tes koalehkanem. Stv 

21st By en\vraj)ping, as a baby, les chplkuizem. See Polko. 
22d To cover a bed for himself with a blankets, Chinesdvolielg"'- 

CKA 79 

Coverlet, ;i. Chilguizcton, Lehililguenetou. 

COVERT, n. Shelter, S'chik-heioiUaeii. 

COVET, r. t les-kamszinem, les-kagumii»ein. 

Covctcous, n, Kumszinenieu. 

Covcteousncss, Xkums^mten, Skainszinemon. 

COW, n. Stoma, Stonialteui. 

2d Gow hide, n, Stinallshalgu. 

3d Cow and ealf. Stoma ep-s*ehazp^ll. 

Cow, V. t. les-ngalgelem. 

COWAED, n. Xgalemen, laamcmen, Snieem, iikukuims])uus. la- 

(/RAE, n. Fish, Zoige. It crawls la water, Es liti.sheliku. 
Cf^ACK, n, 1st The wood, Es-touehmi, Touich. 
2d Walls, Esuigti. 
3d Glass, stones, Es-zgupmi. 
4th It splits by itself, Es-nskapetisi. 
Ci'iiek, n. In a wall, Stouieh. 
2d In timber, Suigt. 
od In glass, etc., Es-zuii, Zgup. 

CRACKLE, V, /. or th<;ni8, ele., in the firo, Es-toktakolshi. 

CRADLE 1st Indian c(»ncern for babies, if of wood, ^IgiiU 

2d Tfofskin,Skakat'telt. 

3d To place a baby in the cradle, Iks-iuseni. 

Uh If swinging, Snkatue. 

i)tli To hand a baby in a cradle at the saddle, les chilgupim, Es- 

6th To carrj^ it on the back, Chincs-koltelti. 

7th Cradle for harvest, GoizlO'guten Tspkein. 

CRAGGY, a. VRocks, Es-nskesshin. See Sak . 

CRAMP, Ist In the logs, Chmes-chsulshini. 

2d In the hands, Chines-sulchsli. 

3d All the body Chines-nsulze. 

CRAXE, n. Skoalsbin. 

CRAY AT, 71. Skaleps. 

CRAWFISH, See Crab. 

CRAAYL, V. i. Ist on the hands and feet, ChineMieshi ; To crawl 
in the water, Chines-titishetiku. 

2d To crawl on the hands and back side, Chines-igepi. 

Hd To crawl in stealthily, for mischief, Chines-chititisheniskcligui. 

80 cnao^ 

CRAZY, a. T urn crazy, 1-cliin-kokocMi, T-('liin-psau\ 
2d To become vviu.y, rhincs-kocui, 
3d To make craz}', los-kocnrn. 

CUE \M, ??. l?<t As lf»!»g :is it is on t!ro niil!rp^Multe6lv-o. 
2d When (Teamed in the jar, Es-chilmu!. 
Cream, r. /. Es-cInHeekomi. 
Cream, i\ t. les-ehlmideni. See Teeko, Mul. 
CREATE, r. f. Tes-kolem. 
Creator, Kolinziiten. 
CREDFT, n. Cuilguilt. I have credit, ^, or.Epl- 

guilguilt Tkoie, Chin-ep-st6 In IV.nilz. 
Credit, r. f. Te8-tkaihem, IcB-tkaishiteiti. 
CREDULOUS, a. XononingunuK 
CREEP, See Crawl, Crouch. 
(rRESCEXT, n. See Moon. 
CREST, 72. Of a cock, Sntinoskan. Soe Titi. 
CRIE, ??. 1st For animals, Snamenshkagartei^, SnaliiU'insKkagav- 

2d For children, See Cradle. 
CRICKET, n. Silucne. 
(CRIPPLED, rt. E.s-tilgncnzutl. 
2d By chance, Es-gannunit. 
CRISP, See C^irl. 

CRITICIZK, r. f. les-kiilpagem, les-chinkoncni. 
CROOK, r. t. Tes-tknmim. . , 

CROOKED, To be crooked, out of* the sfini..-!:t line, Es-tisl:a. 
2d Winding, Es-salko. 
3d Folded in two, E.s-ni)nens. 
4th Crooked hand, Es-tisknechsti. 
r)th Crooked nose, Es-tiskuaks. 
Gth Crooked arm, Tiskuagan. 
CROP, r. t. 1st To cut the top, Tes-gotim. 
2d To crop the ears, Tes chgotgotcnem. 
(rROP. n. The product of the field, h\i szkolka. 
CROPPED-EARS, Es-chgotgottMie. 
CROSS, w. Es-eim6us. 
2d Affliction, Nguzguzmelsten. 
3d- To take up one's cross, Chines-niuulsepiisti. . - - ■ 


('iM>ss, «. To bcpeevi«h, C^nes-iezuti. 
2d To speak cross, Chines-ieziniuisti. See GruiuMe. 
Cross, i\ t. To liiy Iriiiisvensclj', Ics-einieuscm., 
2d To make the sign of the cross. on a person^ Ies-'.'inicii.seiii, Ics- 

od To bless oiieself,CUHnes-taktakenzuti reseimeus, CLiiies-cli'chau- 

pilcnzuti reseimeiis. 
4Lh To cross llie arms, Chincs-nkakagaiiagan, Cirines-irivukagauc- 

5tli To cross the legs, Chines-chkakatusakstsliin. See Kae. 
0th To cross, tlnvart a person, les-eiitusem, les-slieineneuseiii. 
7th To cross a stream, Chines-niekomi. 

Sth To cross a mountain, Chines-chgozusichcni. 

CROSS-OUT, r. t. les-gotim. 

CliOSS-ROAl), n. Xeimusaks. Place of junction, Xulusuks. 

CROUCH, r. '■. 1st To submit for fear/Chineskolagalemisli. 

2d To walk stealthily, Chines-eu^ti. 

( T.OW, n. Mclakalks. • 

CROW CREEK, Ept nemla. 


2d Mountain-Crows, Skois*chint. 

CROWD, v. t. 1st To crowd on one, Ics-pinem, pinemslen, les-ch- 
tuiim, chtiauucn. 

2d To crowd out, lesdvulpenim, kulpen'nten. See Pin, Tun. 

':>d To urge, press, besiege, les-siechstem, les-pizchsteni. 

4th To crowd around, les-chiaamincm. 

Crowd, n, Jju goeit, iiU chgoego^it. 

Crowd, c, L I-pin, I-tiiu. 

Crowded, a, 1st We are crowded, closely packed in a room, Jvae- 
])l:eut, Kae zaaut. See Pil-, Zan. 

2d Crowded in, I-pin, I-tiiu. 

'Sd Crowded out, Kulpnin. 

(MvOWX, ?i. Koazkan, lal iUlal, Szlkein, Zlkeinten. See Kocz, 
Zil. ^ 

Crown, r. ^ les koazkancm, leszlkeinem. 

CliUOIFIX, n, iiU es-chptptkominalko, Es-azazminalkoni, Ivs-chl- 

.('ruciiier of Jesus Christ, Pelszulis Jesu Kli. 

Crucify, r. t. 1st By nailing, les-milchptptkominalkom. See Pilk. 

82 CUR 

2d By tying with ropes, los-chazazminilkora, les-elilehlehminal- 

CRUMBS, n, 1st Of food in general, Chmaudks. 
2d Of meat, Spkoepilten. See Pkuni, Man. 
3d The crusts, S'chulpize. 
CRUMBLE, r. /. Es-tmagani, Estcmualshi, Es niempiai. See 

CRUPPER, n, (for horses) Chilkupskaga^cn. 
2d I put the crupper to, les-chilkupskagaem. 
CRUSH, V, t, Ies-16z<^m, les-maum. 
(^RUST, 1st If burned, S'chulpizes snkolpo. 
2d What IS around the bread, Chchmizes snkolpo. 
CRUTCH, Nzkuaganten. Walk on crutches, Chincs-nzkuzkuagani. 
2d As a walking cane, Nzku^chst. 
CRY, r. I, 1st To utter a loud sound, Chines-ntlagzini, Chincs-iieel, 

2d To call, Chines-ueei. 
3d To weep, Chines-zkoakoi. 
4th To scream, Chines-neei, Chines-ntlagzini. 
5th To utter wild sounds as a signal for bad purposes, Chines-cliosj. 

hmi. See Shout. 
CUIRASS, n. Snololimalks. 
CULTIYATE, v. t, les-kolkam. 
CXTXXIKG, a, Pagpagt,maktakzin, Tktkakat. 
CUP, n, Snsu&ten. 
Cup-bearer, w. Sgunmiilem. 
(^URD, r. L Curdle, Es-nielkoetikui. 

CURE, I', t, Ies-mali6m, les-paag^m, les-mehra. See Meet. 
Cure, I'. I, Chines-paagami, Chines-meelmi. 
. CURIOUS, a. 1st By putting questions, Nseuseuzin. 
CURL, r. I, Es-kusmi. See Kus. 
Curled-hair, Chkoskan. 
Curled-skin, As dogs, sheep, Kuspelgu. 
CURRANTS, n. Nt^temelps. 
CURRY, To curry horses, les-chihish^lgum, Chines-chilushelgus- 

C'Urry-comb, Chihish^lguskaga^ten. 
CURSE, r. t Ies-gutVinem,'(^hin-kolkoelt t'tigulcm I'KolinziUeii, 


DAG m 

Curse, V. L Chines gutzini. 

CURTAIL, v,t, Testomim, Ics-topniinom. See Top. 

CURTAm, n. Niligiisten. Sec I^lgu. 

Curtain, r. t, les-iligusem. 

CURVE, Es-c^lko. 

CUSHIOX, See Pillow. 

CUSTOM, Sec Habit, Accustom. 

CUT, r. f. l8t With knife or saw,, Ics-nicheni. 

2d With an axe, les-shelim. 

3J By the breadth, cross-cut, les-gotim. 

4th To cue around, Tes-goizem. 

5th To split, by the length, les-ski^m, les-nskeusem 

6th To chop rails, fire-wood, Chinos-sagoi. 

7th To cut in strings with scissors, etc., les-chalim. See Ail, Chalim. 

8th To cut down, with an axe, Chines-shil^pi. 

9th To cut down with a saw, Chines-nichpi. 

10th To cut in two, cross-way, Ies-got6useni. 

11th To cut in two with axe, les-shilcuseni ; if length-way, les- 

12th To cut in two with a saw, Tes-nichuseni, if cross- way; les- 

nnichusem, if length-wfiy. 
13th To cut off, cut short, with an axe, Tes-kulshilini ; with a saw, 

les-kulnichom ; cross- way, les-kulgotim. 
14th To cut animals, castrate, les-Mkoakocpilem. 
15th To cut teeth, Es-kualenii lu galegu. 
Cut, r. i, Chines-nieh'chi, Chines-stellemi. 
Cut, w. Cutting, Snich'ch. 

Cutter, n, 1st He who cuts, Sgunichom, Sgushileni, Sgusagoni, etc. 
2d What cuts, Nichemen, Shelemin, Sagomen. 
•M Small sleigh, Snzkuzutcn, Snkagumiszutis hi Suiapi. 
<"VPRESS, ?i. Zkclp. 


DACTILOGY, Es-kolsugumcshtuco-ui. 
BAGGFE, «. Gctgeime. 

84 DXIl 

DAILV, (U Aiciilaskat. 

DAINTY, (7. rh--osaks. 

DAIRY, n. SnkjRMnton. 

DALLY, r. 1. rhinos el ii:iniu\ii;ni. 

DA^^, n. Stkep. 

'2i\ Da!n for tis;]Hng' in the river, Skoiogo. See Tronc-lu 

Dam. r. /.Ics-tkcponi. 

2<l To <lain forfishinu:. (Miines-koioo-oi. 

'Ad If ma<lo with green trees lor tisliing, (''hiiios'teniiisi. 

DAMAGK, r, ?. les-kolgocriem. See Abuse, Goel. 

2(1 To repair damages b}- gifts, res-ngnzsl)usem. 

:M To damage b}' suffering, ete^ les-nkolisiisem. 

DAMX, r. t. Conldni'i, le^ehzogiiepilem. 

D.unnation, 1st The stit? ofbjing d-in\:iod, SnoJ>te:^. 

2(1 The cause of being eondemne*!, (Mioosten. 

rM The act of condemning, Xchzogoepiletcn, S*chzogoej)ile. i 

Damned, a. Ks-o6st, Sgo61emen. 

DAMP, a. Ltim, I-nas. 

DAXCK, r. /. Indian dances, diines-telkami. 

2d American dances, (.'hincs-koimenzuti. 

od War dances, (yhi^ies-uenshi. 

4tl\ Women dances, rhines-iuli. 

DAXGKR, n. The boinii; in dani2:er, and tlie ])eini>: <hinii:erous, Clii!!- 

2d l''o find oneself in danucer, Chines-chinti. 
od To expose oneself to (hmger, Chines-chinchintemszuti. 
Dangerous, (^uisc of danger, Chinchint, Xgalulegu, Xgalgasnu:;'. 
2d I arrive in a dangerous phice, Chin-nclnzinus \\\ I'ngalulcii:ii. 
DAPPLE-GREY ho', Chfailku. 
DARE, r. i, (^hines-kutispuus. 
Dare, r. t, 1st To be strong enough for it, les-lkom, Chiucs-lkon- 

2d To challenge, les-chguaszancm. Sec Guas. 
DAF?K, a. 1st Totally deprived ot light, I-chim. 
2d Dark room, I-nchim. 
.•>(1 Dark skj-, I-zchim. 
4th Dark colored, Lkoai. 

?)th, Xot easily understood, mysterious, Liiat, Selsilt, Tas niii. 
<>th Dark, cloudy day, Ch'ohempaskat. 

J>4Y ^f) 

7th It grows (lui'ky eveuiug, Ks-chfgumi, (HiUig. 

8tli It grows dark, alter sunset, Es-lkeikalli, iiikeikal. 

^Kh it grows dark all at onee, as by an eclipse, Es-kolclilgiimi. 

10th Dark on account of clouds, Es-hcmip. 

1 1th The sun will grow dark, Xem es-koleliilgu lu spakani. 

Darken, r. /. Es-kolcbtgunii, Kolcliilgu, Es-hem])nii. 

J>arken, r. t, los-kolchlgum, as the moon darkens the sun Ironi be- 
ing under it. 

J)AUX, r. t. les-nkazusem. 

DAliKY, Sec Black. 

D.Urr, Sec Shoot. 

DASn, See Throw, Fall. 

DATIVE, The dative is rendered literal! v bv' 4* |)refixed to the 
noun ; but more reguhirlj' b^' the verb relative. 

DACB, V. f. 1st w^'th mud, ])itch or the like, les-telem. 

2(1 iWith paint, les-poom.. 

8d With varnis^h, lesniinem. 

DAUGIFTER, )U 1st Up to the age of puberty, Shuteniclt. 

2d After puberty, Stomcheelt. 

o<l The iirst daughter, S'shitemishelt. 

4th The youngest dauij-hter, Steutelt. 

r)th To bring forth a daughter, (,'hines-stomchelti. 

<>th To^ have a daughter seduced, Chines-chialti. See (.'hiid ior 
the compositions. 

Daughter-in-law, ^\y son's wife, (said by a woman) Isscjien. At- 
ter the sen's death, I-s-chelp. 

DA\VX, n, Snpakzin, Sgalpulegu. 

Dawn, /•. /. Ks-galpmi. 

DAY, 1st The luminous part, Sgalgalt. 

2d For the 24 hours, Xko sgalgalt u nk<) skukuez. 

.*M Xice (lav, Es-i^esaskati, (Jesaskat. 

4th Clear, cloudless day, Es-ehgesaskati. 

oth .Bad day, rain3', Chesaskat. 

<)th C'louded, Chtkui)askat. 

7th One day, Xkoaskat ; Two days, 'Asles!;at' ; Tliree davs, -Chal- 
jiskat' ; Four days 'M6skat' j Ten days, H)penchsta.' 

Sth Long day, TJsshinaskat. Short day, (Jhlguuzaskat. 

Oth First dawn, at cock-crow, X))akazin Tesshiit. (2) Day-light, 
Skuekust. (3) At sunrise, Ks-tlechmi hi spakani. (4) About 

86 DEA 

8 o'clock, Snluis. (5) About 10 o'clock, Tic suuist. (6) Xoon. 
Sntogkeini. (7) After noon, Sniakok^in. (8) After 3 o'clock, 
SVhlug. (9) When the sun is near the hills, S*chntak6in. 
(10) AVhcn the sun is on top of the hills, S'shinkan^. (11) 
When the sun is over, down hill, C*hso6skan. (12) Evening, 
after sun-set, S'lkeikal. (13) When dark, Skuku^z. (14^ Mid- 
night, Xihensem skukuez, Tgoc^usein skuku6z. 
10th Many days, Goeaskat. Few days, Luasakat. How many 
days ? 'Kuinshaskat* ? 

llth Everv dav, Aiijalaskat. The whole dav, Chmilkoinaskat. 
12th How many days ago?. She skuinshaskat ? One day ago, 
^She snkoaskat* } Two days ago, She saslaskat. 

13th After how many days, (^fw/.) Xe kuinshaskat ? After three 
days, *Xc chalaskat.' 

14th How many days are yet before — ? Che<i t kuinsh^skat? 
There are yet two days before, *Chet^ t asUskat. See Bcfoi'c. 

loth Sunday, Xe chazeus. Monday, Xe chgoczt, Xe chptlciis. 
Tuesday, Xe tikul asela. Wednesday, Xe tikulehala. Thurs- 
day, Xc tikul mo. Friday, Xe tikul zilchstaskat. Saturday, 
Xe chlee. These are in the future 3 for the past, drop the ^nc' 
and prefix the ^s' 3 for the present say simply *Chaz^us, Chgo- 
czt^ etc. See Chazeus, Chgoczt. 

16th Day before yesterday, Zi t zinko^. The day after to-morrow, 
Xe zinkoa. 

17th Yesterday, Spizelt. To-morrow, Xe galip. 

18th I have been there one day, two days, Thin-nkoaskat, Chin- 

19th On the second, third dixy, (pasf) hn aslaskatilsh, hii chahis- 
katilsh 'y (fnt.) Xe aslaskatilsh, Xe chlaskatilsh. 

DEAD, a. (pres.) He who is now dead, hu es-tlilemi, pi. Those 

. who are a( tually dead in one single time or place, h\\ cs- 

kompmi ; Those who are actually at different times or places, 

hn es-komkompmi ; (pasf) iiU es tlil, hn es-komip, hn es- 


2d The dead in general, Temtemnei. My dead, I-sgu-tlil, pL J- 
sgu-komip, iixx in-temtemn^i. 

3<l Dead, killed, hu es-p61stem. 

4th My wife or husband is dead, Chin-pu-tlil. 

5th My father and mother are dead, C'hin-chitemapile, Chin-lii- 

DEC 87 

6th My child is born dead, Chin-nt'llelt. 
7th My child is dead, Chin-t'llelt. 
8th To play dead, Chin-teltelleie. 
Deadly, a. capable of giving deathjJNt'liltiu. 
DEAF, «. Of one ear, Chin-es-ntk^ne ; of both ear^, Ch'm-os-ntk- 

2d I become deaf, Chin-ntkapene. See Xtkc^m. 
DEAL, V. t. les-mil(un. 
Dealer, n. Sgumilem. 
DEAR, a, 1st Loved, Gam^neh. 
2d Costly, Es-nkutenaksem, Es-ndisem t*goeit. 
3d T hold it dear, les-gamenchem, Jes-keigteiu, Ics-palkomim, les- 

DEATH, n. Lst The state of beig dead, St'lil ; (past) Lii s/t'lil. 
2d Causing death. Nteliltin. 
3d The reason why one dies, Chteliltin. 
4<h The picture of death, Nteliltin, temlemn^i. 
Death-bed, n. Snteliltin. 
DEBATE, v. L Kaes-kolkolstuegni. 
Debate, i\ i. Kaes chkolkolstuegum. 
DEBAUCH, r. f. les-kolgoeriein. Sec God. 
DEBT, n. Guilguilt, Gulgr.ilt. 
2d To contract debts, Chines-kolgulguilti. 
3d To pay a debt, Tes-nkolisiisem. 
4th To pay a debt in full, Ies-nshit*]puseni. 
5th To ask payment of a debt, Chines-ns6upi. 
DECAMP, r. L Chines-imshi. 

2d To decamp suddenly and secretly, Chincs-nkomisti. 
DECAPITATE, i\ t. les-n'nichsem, les-ngotusem. 
DECAY, V, i. Of clothes, strength, Chines-tmagani. 
2d Of timber, Es-chdiei. . 

3d Of old age, Chines-cheulshi. Sec Deteriorate. 
DECEIT, n. Stkaka. 
Deceitful, a. Tktakat, Xtakaziu. 
Deceive, v. t, les-tkakanunem. See Cheat. 
Deceived, a. Sztkakanun. 

2d I am deceived, Ckines-tkakami. I I-chin-sil. See Sel. / 
3d I am deceived, mistaken in my judgment, Chin-nselpels. 

88 Diff 

4th I am deceived, in lieui'ing, etc.. See Sel. 

DECIDE, V. t, Tes-tgoinim, les-chzogoepilem. • .- 

Decide, r. i, Ist to deliberate, Chines-kulpaganii, Chinch; nkot^nci. 

2(1 To pass a final opinion, Chinos-nlclsi, ('hinos-uis-nteJsi. 

8d To utter a decision, sentence, Chiues-ui.s-Jcolkoelti. 

Decided, a. Szcbzo<^o6pile, Szntcis, Szkulpa^', Sznkoen. 

DEUf.AliI*], r. i. Ie84akoniim, les-mimim. • . • 

DEOLTNF], r. L To refuse, (1iines-^t;'algaleniisti, tani i-spiius. 

DECORATE, See Adorn. 

DECOY, r. f. les-gelem. 

DECREASE, V. /.^Ist In size. Chinesdkukuiniet::il^>lii. 

2d In number, Chines-luetuilshi. 

8d In general, Chines-aamti. 

4tli Water, flood, Es-suumi, 

5th The heat, Es-zekMni. 

DECEEE, See Decide. 

DECEEPID, ?}, Siops'chint. 

DEDICATE, r. t. 1st To p;ive to God, les-guizHem, les-t VuizHeiu. 

2d To dedicate oneself, Cnines-koiii-uzshemisti. 

3d To consecrate, les-ch chanpilem. 

DEED, n. Szkol. 

DEEP, a, I-«hut. 

2d Deep water, Nkoest. 

3d Deep snow, Koest. 

DEER, n. Male, Sgolesh'cbin ; Male skin, Sgolsh'chinelgn. 

2d Female, Szooligu ^ In spring, Skomelze ^ Female skiji, Szooli- 

od Young deer, after six months, Slkokoltelze. 
4th Male deer after shedding the horns, Smalkus. 
r)th Elack-tail-deer, male, Puelsh'chin; His skin, PuelshVinelgu. 
Oth Black-tail-deer, female, St6]zc.; Her skin, Stolzelgu. 
DEFACE. V. t. les-kolgoel'lem, les-gukiim, les-eepem. 
DEFP]AT, r. t. Tes-telk6m, les-telkomim. 
2d lestlegupem. 
DEFECT, See Fault. 
DEFEND, r. t. les-kolkeigum. 
Defender, Kolkeigunziiten. 

DEFEP, i\ t. 1st Delay, postpone, les-koltkem, koltkanten. 
2d To protract, to be 1-ong in' doing- anything, ChinesTkaspmi, 

DEL 89t 

CLines-ch^ncliQiiti, Chincs-chenchcnmisti, Chincs-ehcncheii 

I>EFE11ENCE, Deferential, Chines-kolagalemisti, Chines-nhe^Isi. 

See Hee. 
DEFIANT, Defiance, I am defiant, Chiues-guaszani. Sec Brag, 

DEFICIENT, I am deficient, Chines-kuHuini. See Tuin. 
DEFILE, V. f. To file off, start away lodge by lodge, Chines-ko- 

m6pi, kom^pem. 
Defile, V, I, 1st To corrupt, les-kolgoeriem. 
2d To soil, stain, Ies-chtk6m i-t'koai, t'malt. 1 stain it with 

black, or mud, los-chngiini. See Blacken, Soit 
Defiled, a, Es-kolgo^ri, Epl-es-chitoko, Epl:-es-chingu t'teicy Es- 

chinugu t't^ie. 
DEFINE, 1st The limits of a country, les-lpulegum. 
2d A controversy, les-chmi^pilem, les-chzogoepilem. 
DEFLOUR, V. t. les-kolgoel'lem. 
DEFEAUD, See Cheat, Koil. 
DEFY, V, t. les-tmalsem, Tea-guaszanem. 
DEGRADATION, n. 1st The state of being reduced in rank, etc., 

iiVL skonkoint. 
2d The act of putting one out of office, Ics-ozkaem. 
DEIFY, V. t. les-korikolinzdtenem. 
DEIGN, imp. Mi. 
DEJECTED, To feel dejected, Chines-pupus6nchi, Chines-emsh- 

kanemisti, Chines-totopspuus. 
DELAY, V. t. les-kuhkem. See Tak. 
DELEGATE, See Substitute. 

DELIBERATE, v, i, Chines-kodnmei, Chines-kulpagami. 
Deliberately, ado. Szchzugo. SeeZog. 

DELICATE, 1st Of complexion, l-ko6te, I-chin-ko6te. I am grow- 
ing delicate, 'Chines-kootemi. 
2d Slender, Lkak^it. See Soft, Smooth, Delightful. 
3d Delicate ear, Chiuiu^ne. 
4th Delicate smelling power, Chiuiuaks. 
DELICIOUS, Food, drink or odor, Es-chgesaks, Gesaks. 
DELIGHT, n, 1st The feeling pleasure, Snpiels^ Sznpiels, Snges- 

61s. See Ges. 
2d The giving pleasure, Npielsten. 

90 DB}f 

3d The reason of pleasure, Chnpi^lsten.* 

Delight, V, t. los-npi^lstem. 

Delighted, a, I feel delighted at^ les-npielscm, Npi^lsemen. See 


2d I feel delighted on that account, Ies-ehnpi61sem. 

Delight, i\ t. Chines-lemti, Chines-npi^lsi. See Pii. 

Delightful, Pipiit, Koamkomt, L^mlemt. 

DELINEATE, v. t lea-kaim, les-kolkaim. 

DELIVER, V, t 1st To free from restraint, les-talim. 

2d To deliver from jail, etc., los-ozkaem. 

8d To let free, les-ptlechstem. 

4th To save from captivity, Tes-koltk6m. Sec Redeem. 

5th To give up, ti*ansfer, [es-guizshom. 

6th To deliver himself up, Chines-kolguzshemisti. 

7th To deliver a message, les mimishitem, les-chsguiusem. 

8th To bo delivered of a child, Chines-tkuelti. Delivered of a boy, 

Chines-skussMti ; Of a girl, Chines-stomch^lti. 
9th les-fifulguiltem. 
DELUDE, V. t, les-tkakanunem. 
2d To mislead, les-ostiisem. 
DELUGE, n. S'chilmelp^nes lu stoligu, St6chet. 
Deluge, V. t, Ies-chilmelp6neem. See Mel. 
DEMAND, r. t, 1st In general, Ie8-s6um, les-galitem. See Ask, 

Beg. ' 
2d To enquire earn estlj', authoritatively, Ies-chs6upilem. 
DEMERIT, r. t les-tlegupem, tlegupemen, (9) N. B. The past 

tense is not 'tlegupen'. This is the reason why I dement 

heaven, *Shei \vl in-chtlegiipomenten hi rs'chchemaskat. 
DEMOLISH, V. t leles-maum. 
DEMON, n. Sgo^lemen. 
DEMONSTRATE, v. t. les-ko^nmem. 
DEN, n. E8-nl6go. 
DENIGRATE, See Blacken. 
DENOUNCE, V, t. 1st To accuse, les-nemiepem. 
2d To publish, les-mimim. 
DENUDE, V. t. Ies-chz's61igum. 
DENY, V. t. See Contradict. 
2d Chines-ziiti ta. 
3d To refuse to give, les-iehominem. 


DES 91 

4th To refuse to do, or to accept, les-tamein. 

5th To deny a charge made against one, Ohines-l^nemti. 

6th Deny the charge itself, i\ g, theft, les-l^nemtem, Ics-chlenem. 

7th Deny the connection with a person, Tas sugusten ; To deny the 
charge of said connection, Chiues-lenemti ; As Peter denied 
the charge, and said, I know her not, Ticl lenemt, u zuti tas 

DEPAET, V. i, 1st To go away, Chines-imshi, Chines-guisti. 

2d To disappear, Chineles-choo, Chines-chounzuti. 

3d To fade away, Cbines-aamti. 

4th To die, Chines-imshi, Chincs-tlilemi. 

DEPEND, V. L 1st To hang down, Es-t'shaltdus. 

2d To rely upon, les-nmuselsem, les- chleem, Chines-chlemenzuti, 


DEPENDENT, a. Eendered by, he on whom I depend. I am de- 
pendent on God, In-chlemenzuten hi Kolinzuten. See Chlee. 

DEPLOEE, v. t. les-chpupusenchem, les chzkoakom, les-chzoo- 

DEPOSE, V. t. To put a chief out of office, les-ozkaem. 

2d To give testimony, Tes-mimim, les-chsnmiepem. 

3d To take down, les-tiipmim. 

DDPOSIT, V. t. To place money in trust, les-chitelem. Sec Pawn, 

DEPEAVE, V. t, Tes-chestuilshem, Tes-kocuilshem. 

DEPEEDATE,i\ t. les-nchem^lkum. 

DEPEESS, See Lower, Discourage. 

DEPEIYE, V. t les-kuehem. 

DEPUTE, See Substitute. 

DEEELICT,w. Chitemapile. 

DEEIDE, I', t. les-choinzutem. 

DEEIYE, V. t. To receive by transmission, by birth, Jes-chmelko- 
epem, les-chmoopepem, les-nkuHvoriem. We derive our 
hlood from Adam, *Kae-chmclkoepementcm }u snguls Atom 
Kae-chmop^pmentem iu snguls Atam. 

Derive, i;. I. To flow, to proceed, Es-moopmi, Es-melkomi, Es llc- 

DESCEND, V, L Chines-u^lkupi. 

2d To descend by the road, Chin-nulkupaks. 

3d To carrj^ one down, descending, les-ulkupusem. 

92 DES 

4th To dc'3C3n:l a rivor in bouts, OhinCs-dgoti; By land, Chines- 
ndgoti ; Swimming down a river, as fish, Chines-agotusi ; 
Flying down, as birds, Es-nagolusi. 

5th To come down, as from a source, Es-zmoopmi, Es-ozka^i, Es- 

4th To lower oneself, Sec Lower. 

Descendant, n. Sgnsigult, Sogu^ps. 

DESCRIBE, t\ t. les-kaim, res-knlkaim. 

DESCRY, r. t. To discover with the eye, les-chmiisem. See Mii. 

DESERT,!?, t- les-gokopdusem. les-nelkoc^usem, les-goelem. 

])e8ert, n. Wilderness, L'cholegu, L'cho^ut. 

Desert, merit, Stlegup, Szkol. I receive my deserts, Chin-pakaka. 
I-szkol 5 I deserve it richly, I-szsemiskol. 

DESERVE, V. t, 1st In general, and in a good sense, les-tlegapcm, 

2d For bad deserts, nsnally rendered by the subjunctive^ You de- 
serve to be flogged, *Kuks4zim', i. e. you must be flogged; or 
by the conditional, *Kun6u kuks4zim, you should be flogged. 

3d When the crime is expressed then it is better rendered by 
making a verbal substantive of the punishment deserved, in 
the subjunctive, prefixing 'ch' to it.; or simply pefixing this 
preposition to the verb that expresses the reward or the pun- 
ishment — briefl}', by altering the phrase, thus : I sufl'er for 
that sin. The sin is what 1 sufl*er for. v, g. The thief deserves 
to go to hell, *JiU snako^men sh^i -lu chguiten Tesolip', lit, the 
thievincc is the cause of icoimc to hell ; His stealini' is the cause 
of his being bound to go to hell, *Lu sndkos sh^ilu kl-ehguitis 
Tcsulip'; my sin is what I must sufler for, *^u t(j40 i-szku6n 
sh^i \\\ ikl-chiiguzguzmdlsem' ; I must suffer for my sin, *Iks- 
chnguzguzm^lsem hi t6ie i-szku<^n'; I suffer for my sm, 'Jes- 
chnguzguzm61sem hi t^ie i-szku^n'. 

4th By *gest'. I deserve to be whipped, *Gest koks-izim' ; I de- 
serve to be put in jail, *Gest ko-nelont^m. 

5th I do not deserve it, See Unworthy. 

6th 1 do not deserve that punishment, Itenemus u ko-nguzguzni^I- 
sem, Ta i^pl'-chnguzguzmelsten, lit. For nothing 1 have been 
made to suffer, I have nothing to suffer for. 

7th Some use 'tlegupem' for deserving punishment, but it seems 
entirely wrong. You gained the whip, ^Tlegupentgu hi kdi- 

DES ^ 98 

8tb Deserve, to merit good or bad, les-melkonunem, molkonun. 
You deserve the whip, you succeed in making the whip come 
upon you, 'Melkonuntgu \n k^igunem*, See Milko; 1 deserve 
his — , or it for him, les-melkoniiltem ; You deserve my shirt, 
'Ko-melkonuVtgu hi i-snazlk^t' ; I deserve this knife for you, 
'Melkonulzin ^-u ninchemt^n'; I deserve, merit for him, *les-mel- 
koshitem, molkoshiten, melkoshit'; Jesus Christ merited good 
things for us, ^T'Jcsu Kli u kao-melkoshiHls lu t'gest*; Adam 
merited us evil, *T'Atdm u kae-melkoshiHls lu t't^ie' ; It can- 
not be merited, ^Tas melkok6tem' ; You cannot deserve it, 
*Tas melkomucemstgu' ; He who deserves it, ^Melkonzuten' ; 
I am he who deserves hell, *Ko-melkonzutifl \\i t'esolip* } One 
of mine who deserves, *I-sgumelkonaiicm' ; 1 deserve nothing, 
nothing happened to me, *Ta iep-smellukuku' ; What did 
Jesus Christ deserve by his death? ^Stem ^:u szmellukukus lu 
Jesu Kli hi gol stlils^ ? Heaven is what he got, deserved, SS*ch- 
chmaskat lu szmellukukus' ; I have no desert, no merit, actively, 
'Ta iepl-nmelkotin' ; What is the thing for which you deserve 
licll ? SStem in an-chmclkolin iu ch'esolip* ? I am deserved mer- 
ited *Chin nlelkonzut'; Mary deserved me, merited to have 
me for her son, *Ko-melkonzutis t'Maly' ; I have nothing by 
which, on account of which, I deserve it, *Ta iophchmelkotin. 
The one who gains a way, an object, *Kolemelkonzuten' ; 
Paul is the one who deserves to have me, ^Ko-kol-enielkon- 
ziitis t'Paul' — so a girl would say to a man whom she esteems 
worthy of her. 

1)ESIG]^ATE, V. t 1st To point out, les-zokom. 

2d To tell which, les-dum. 

3d To show, les-koenmem* 

DESIEE, 1st To long for the enjoyment of, les-kamszinem, Ics- 
kaguminem, Ies-kagu61scm, les-gumminem, les-puusem, les- 

2d To regret the loss of, les-keigtem, leles-k^iglem. 

3d To request, to entreat, Jes-chomistem. 

4th It is often rendered by the volative verb. 

Desire, n. Szntels, Spu us. 

DESIST, See Cease. 

DESOLATE, a. 1st Land, Choeut, Konkoint stoligu. 

2d Lonely person,, Es-chopelsi, Es-pupusenchi. 

94 DET 

DESPAIE, V. L Despond, Chines-omshl<anomi.sti, Chincs-psjnnaj 

2d J)espair of, les-clicmshkancmistem, Ies-kuUp*pminem. Sec 

8d To cause despair, Ics-kullj^'pim, les-ps^chstem. 
Despair, Semshkanemisten, Scmshkanemist, 8eo Imsb. 
DESPERATE, a. Given up, kard case, KuHpTipet, 1 am a hard 

case, *CInri-kuWp*-lipct.' 
DESPISE, i\ i. 1st To have a low opinion of, les-tmalsem. SeeTa. 
2d To feci disgusted at, les-kueshominem. 
8d To hate, les-chem'm. 
4th To have a grudge against, los-aaimem. 
5th Not to care for, les.paum. 
J)ESPOND, See Despair. 

DESTIXE, r. t, 1st To determine the future, in the heart, to in- 
tend, les-uis-nt^lsem. 
2d To name for an office, les-aum. 

3d To send authoritatively, les-kulstem, les-chkulstepilom. 
DESTITUTE, a. 1st Of friends, Chitemdpile. 
2d Destitute of goods, I-chitemelgu, liaiaiilegu, Konkoint. 
DESTROY, i\ t. 1st To pull down, ruin, Jes-niaum. 
2d To lay to waste, Ics-kolgo^riem. 
3d To put an end to, to carry away. Ics-u6ushilshem. 
4th To kill, Ies-p61stem, les-koniim. 
Destruction, w. Kolgo^riten. 
2d The cause of dest^'uction, Chkolgo^Flten. 
DETACH, v. t. 1st To disunite things tied, les-talim; if irom 

above, les-chtalim ; If from below, les-kuhaliin. 
2d For things glued or nailed, sticks, les-chegkum, or Chchkum, 

chegkuntdn ; from below, les-kulchegkdm. See Blister. 
3d To separate, See Separate. 
4th To separate in general, les-maum j if from above, les-chnihini; 

if from below, les-kulm^nm. 
r)tli Of things so united as to be one, y. g, fruits from the tree, 

Testoukem; The same of bones jointed, stars from heaven, 

DETAI]^, V. t 1st To stop, les-mdkam. 
2d To prevent, les-geenim. 
3d Not to give, retain, les-kuestem. 

Die 95^ 

DETECT, V, t. To find out, Ics-mipcnuncm, les-uichem; 
DETEE, V. t, les-geenim, les-makam. 

DETEKiOEATE, v. i. Chines-chestuilsbi, Chines-topmi. See Top. 
Deteriorate, v, t. les-chestiiilshem. 
DETEEMINE, i\ t 1st To fix the bo::iidaries, Jes-lpim, les-}pulc- 

gum, les-kaiiilegum. 
2d To mark off, Ics-kolkaiin. 
3d To measure, les-sugumem. . 
4th To prescribe imperative!}', lesehkolkolt^pileui, Ies-clizogo6pi- 

5th To impel, direct, les-kupcm, les-tgomim. 
6th To find out, les-mipenunem. 
7th To resolve on, Chin-uis-ntels, Chin-uis-koiko61t. 
DETEST, V. f. les-chem'm. 
DETHEONE, v. t. Ies-6zkaem. 
DETEACT, V, L Chines-u^kuzini. See Black. 
Detractor, n. He who talks bad of me, In-ukuzinemenzuten. 
2d The one of my folks who talk of others, I-sguuekuzinem. 
3d, One who is in the habit of backbiting, Ukuzinemen. 
DETEIMENT, n. Detrimental, Chtlepilenzdten, Is'chchesem. See 

Ches ; lit. What I become bad for. 
DEYELOP, V, L 1st To come to light, Es4aakomi, 
2e To bud, grow out, Chines-kualemi. 
DEVIATE, V. L Chines-pellilti. 
DEYIL, n. Sgo6lemin. 
DEVISE, V. t les-kuipagem, 

DEVOTE, V, t. les-guizshem. See Offer, Sacrifice. 
2d To devote oneself to, Chincs-kol:guz'shemisti. 
Devotee, n, ChochomuL A devotee of the Blessed Virgin, 'Lu 

chaunzutis St. Maly, h\i pteenzutis St. Maly. 
DEVOUE, V. t. les-shipim. 
DEW, n. Sku6it. 
DIAGONAL, n. Es-tisku. 
DIAL, n. Chitechmin Tspakani. 

DIAPHANOUS, Eschslgomus spaaka, the light passes through. 
DlAEEHCE.l, n. Spa^. I have the diarrhoea, Chines-pzma. 
DICTIONAEY, n. Sn'nkolku61ten. 
DIE, V, i, Chmcs-tlilomi; pL Kaes-kompmi, if we die at the same 

place or time ; Kaes-komkom2)mi, if we die at different places 

9« Dtp 

01' times. ^ , 

2d Chines-aimti, Cbines-imshi, Chin-h6i. 
3d To die of, Ics-chitelleminem. 
4th To die with, les-nkuhelleraiuem. 
5th My child died, Chin-tellelt. 
6th My wife or husband died, Chin-pu-tlil. 
7th To feelt as if I was dying, Chin-ntellelsemist. 

8th To die for one, les-tlilshiiem. . 

9th To make one dio^ les-tlilnunem, les-pdlsem, 

DIFFEEEXCE, n. It makes no difference to me, Ta is-mi^ch.s.tem. 

See Mii. 
Different, a, Es-tigulem, Kko. See Change. 
DIPFrCULT, a, 1st Selsilt. See Sel, lemiemt, Tlizt. 
2d Hard to please, lai^t. 

DIFFIDENT,, 1st Timid, Ngalemen, Zeesh^mcn, laiask^ligu. 
2d Unbelieving, distrustful, Keius^raen. 
DIFFUSE, V. i. Spread as oil does, Es-pgomilshi. 
Diffuse, V, t, les-melkomim, les-moopim, les-melim, 
2d By spreading liquids pn a surface, iiitem, litemsten. 
Diffused, Mellukuku, Melip. 
DIG, V. t. 1st The ground, les-zikam. 
2d To dig roots, potatoes, etc. Chines-gezti. 
DIGNITY, n. Siopi^ut, Mopi^uten. 

DIKE, n.Tk6pten. To make a dike, Ios-tk6pem. . . 

DIM, See Obscure. 

DIMINISH, I?, t, 1st In size, les-Ikukuiumem. See Lessen. 
2d In length, les-lgoigoeztem. 
3d lu number, les-luetilshem, 
4th In general, les-tuuHm. 
Diminish, v, i. 1st In size, Es-lkukuimetuilshi, Chines-topnii. 8cc 

2d In number, Es-luetuilshi. . ,, 

2d In general, Es-tuulemi. 
DINE, V. i. Chines-ntog'keini. 
Dine, i'. t. To feast, les k61zinem. 
Dinner, n. As an act, SntogkMn, 
2d What IS eaten at dinner, Ntog'k^inten. 
2d Dinner time, Chtog'k^inten. 
DIP, V, t, 1st To put in water, les-ntkoetikum. 

Dig 97 

2d To dij) bread in any luj^uid, Icb-nkiuloiu. 

od To dip a «tick or tlic like, Ics-nzakokum. 

4th To dip a person, ;es-nloeliki;ni. 

5th To dip the linger in liquid, Ics-nloeiiistclikmn, Ic: ntkuLtikuni. 

Dipper^ n. As used to take water out, Snkulnmlten. 

2d As iLsed to pour water, 'Miwigunien. 

DIPiECT, a, I-tog. 

2d Direct road, Xtogks, I-tog shush uel. 

Direct, V. f, les-tgoniini. 

2d To direct oneself, his course, Chines-tgomenzuti. 

3d To direct another, les-tgonienzuteni. 

4th To aim at, les-chtgomini. 

5th To direct a gun, arrow, Chines-tgonunciii. 

Gth To direct a gun, arrow at an object, le.i chtgoniincheni. 

7th To conduct, load straight a hor.-e, etc.^ les-ntgoniuseni. 

8th To steer a canoe, boat, etc., les-tgomeponi. 

Direction, //. The bent, inclination to, S'chgulutem. "See Bent. 

Directl}', adc, 1st Straight, I-tog. 

2d Lnmediately, without delay, Goetlc. 

o.l Without any intermediate action is rendeied by ^i' prefixed ti> 
the verb preceding ii, r. g. You will start directly after din- 
ner, 'Xe i-ku-ntog'kc'inem, mdvU-guisl. 

Uh To go directly to a place, Chiucsdgomenzati, Ics-chtgonien- 

Bir.T, n, Sliut, Malt. 

Dirt, a. 1st Soiled, Liut; All dirty. Idiut; lam dirty, *I-chin-ch- 
liiit' ; i-'rty all around, I-chliiizc' ; Dirty iluv, 'l-lius' ; Dirty 
hand, 'Idiuchst'. 

-a Soiled w.i.i ihUvl, vIuJ, i-cnin-Luii ; 3iy .iico ;s ^^-i lj', ;i-cnin-inaio ; 
r.Iy hands are dirt}', [-chin-rneliiiclclist' ; }.ly clothes are dirtj", 
'I-chin-iualaks' ; A vessel dii'ty inside, Dnmallze, Xcheselze. 

od Dirty in general, Chechct. See Che. 

Uh Dirty clothes, Idcoai. 

Dirty, v, t. 1st With mud, les-malcm. 

2d Witii cxcremenls, Tes-inenccliem, les-j)z.'.in, (as a skunk will do). 

Cd To dirty oneself, as children. Chines cheemszuti 

D'SAHIUOE, r. /. 1st Xot to be of one accord, Tas-nkospiius. 

2d To be at variance, Es-tigulem lu ispuus. 

od To be unsuitecl, Tas-i6. It di^:al^rocs with mc, Ta is-niualsem. 

98 DIS 

Disagreeable, a. Tas-i6. Sec 16. 

DISAPPEAR, r. i. I-chin-cho, Chincs-clioiinzuti, Chin-cKcho. It 

disappears from my sight, ^EFchousemcn/ lit, I found it nbscnt 

from ray sight. 
DISAPPOINT, V. t. les-tkakanunem. 
DISAPPROVE, V. t les ehUikonem. 
DISASTER, 71. Sgutemszut. 
DLSAYOW, See Deny. 
DISBAND, r. e. Chiues-pgomenzuti. 
Disband, v. t. les-pgomim, les-meeminem. 
DISBELIEVE, r. f. les-keiusem. 
DISCERN", V, t. les sugum, les-miim See Mii. 
DISCHARGE, V, t. 1st A gun, bow, Chinos-taps!:eligui. 
2d The gun got diseljarged, Lgopinch. See Unload. 
4th Discharged from office, les-ozkaem. 
DISCMPLE, n. 1st Smiimt^ie, in as much a^ he is instructed. 
2d Sgumiimiim, In as much as he teaches Avhat he learned from 

his teacher. 
DISCONTINUANCE, n. EpI-csgak. See Gak. 
Discontinue, v, t. les-hoiem. 
DISCORDANT, a. Es-shemeneus, Es-togtigulem. 
DISCOURAGE, v. t. 1st By words, les-p'szanem. 
2d By actions, les-psachstcm. 
3d les-p'spim. See Pas. 
Discouraged, a, Chines-pspma, Chinpsap, Chines-kuVp*pini. Sec 

Discouraging, a. lemiemt, laiat, Kulplipet. 
DISCOVER, V. t. 1st See Uncover. 
2d To find out, les-uichem, les-mipenuncm. 
3d To expose to view, les-lakomim. 
4th To show, Ies-ko6nem. 

DISCRIMINATE, v, t les-sugum, Ies-mi<:;chstem. 
2d The hair, Chines4posusi. 

DISCUSS, V, t les-chkolkoeltem, Kaes-chkamkameliscm. 
DISEASE, See Sickness. 
DISEMBARK, v. L Chines-nteshilshi. 
Disembark, v, t, les-nt6shilshem. 
DISEMBOWEL, v. t les-chtelk^usem. 
DISENCUMBER, r. f.Ies-gakem. See Gak. 

DIS 99 

DISENGAGE, i\ /. 1st From bonds, Tes-talim. 

2d To detach, Sec Detach. 

8d To set free, les-talim, if he was fettered , les-ozkaem, if he was 

only in jail. 
4th To set free from another, Ies-talp6usi, Tes-gokopeusi. 
DISGRACE, n. 1st The being dishonored, Szeesh. 
, 2d The cause of dishonor, Nzeeshtin. 
DISGUISE, 1st Oneself, by putting on the dress of a white man, 

. Chines-soiapalks. 
2(1 As a woman, Chines-mama Iks. 
8d As a man, Chines-skaltemgu^Iks. 
4th As a (^row Indian, Chincs-temchisalks. 
oth As a Blackfoot Indian, Chines-s'ehkoishinalks. 
Gth Dressing as a bear, to hunt beans, Chines-nlamkaizc, Chines- 

7th As a wolf, Chines-nzizinize. 
8th Fashioning one*s heiid as a bear's. Chines-mgeichinaiiikan. 

0th Putting on an antelope's head, Chines-tanaiakan. 

10th Putting on horns to resomblc homed animals, Chines-keis- 
kan. See Feign, play Speak. 

DISGUST, r. L To be disgusted, Chines-neheselsi, les-chestemi- 
uem, ies-neh^selsem. 

Disgust, i\ /. Ics-nch^sclshtcm. 

2d If provoking to vomit, les-chellim, 

:^d I give him sorrow, les-kolshitem t'spu])usench. 

Disgustful, a. In general, Teie* 

2d Dirty, Chechet. 

•3(1 Provoking to vomit, Chclchilt. 

4tb Disgusting water, revolting the stomach, Xehclku. 

oth Disgusting smell or taste, drink or food, Xchesaks. 

DISH, n. Kap61ze. 

2d To put in a dish, Tes-nes'ch^nem. 

8d Of roundish objects lo wash the dishes, les-npkum, 

niSIIEARTEX, V, t. Ies-i)sachstem, Tes-pszAnem. 

Disheartened, a. To be disheartened, Chines-totop'spuus, Chin- 
emshkanemist, Chin-kulpipe, Chin-psap. 

BISHEVBL, i\ t les-migum. 

DISHONOE, See Shame, Disgrace. 

Dishonor, y. /. A female, Ics choinzutem, leskolgoel'lem. 

1 7 1257 

loo 6is 

DISJOIX, See Detach. 

DISJOINT, r. t. les-malkdm. Soo :\rallc. 

DisioiiiU^I, a. KsHKillcu ; Tt ff-ot disjointtNl, ^Fiiluku. 

DTSLIIvE, r. ^ los c:iestoini'.iem. Sec dies. 

1)1SL()(\VTE, Scu Disjoint, Mulk. 

DISMISS, ?•. f, Tes-inei-nVnem. 

2d To let go, T«^s-ptlee]istem. 

^]] To luxvo (lone willi o:ks ^) k^t ;.io:.c, To^. ti'Mem. 

DISMOUNT, r. /. Troni l.orse-b-ic':, r^l.incs-lipeiizuti. 

D SORKDIKNT, a. rjul-aleinistemen. 

:>'] StiiMM)r!^ .\\z.Ht ; T1p--im\ ^'la^.] .-i;-.-^]}; Tllzkai), (kaivl-hca:-- 

e'l) ; Ta epl--t.*!tteae, (vr'tsiout caiv) ; Tr.s iisuL;, (he hear-^ 

not); Tas sciine, Tas ntkukuene. 
f)rsohoy, v. /. Chines-^'alLCak^misti ; Ta i.s-c^enae, Ta is-nsiWune. 
Disobev, r. t. Je.s-ij:ak''a]eini.stein, Ta i.s-.s>l'Uiioin, T;i is-iisao-uiiein, 

Ta la-ntkiikuenem. 
DISPATCTT. r, t. To ^:;-^(l a niessonj;or, riiine^-kaltanishi. 
:M To (h'p>pateh saeh a one, les-kulslem, Tes-ehkulstepileni. 
DISPENSE, r. t. les-nkonneaiinem. 

2(1 To r]i<;r)r-3is'> with tlint ki^.v or nKiiT;"'/e, Ie.;-ehr-;ii:cor.ivei:i^i:K"r'i. 
*M T<") (lisiveiise with one in that mariaaire, Tes-(:h.\aikonneiniUem. 
N. B. None of the ahovc words expre^.s exactly the idea of dlb- 



Dispense, v. t. To deal, distribute goods, Tes-niileni. 

DISPERSE, r. t. Ies-pi):omim. 

DISPL7v\SE, r. f. les-pupiisetK-hein, pnpuscnclitcn, les-kolshiteiu 
t'spupr.senf'h, ies-gniz'sliteni t'spupascnch, Tes-kolshitera ta 1' 

2d To maice one feel had, Ics-'ichc^:ol.s]itcin. Sec Disgniit. 

J)ispleascd, a. Ohines-piipusenchi. 

2'1 Displeased at him, on his account, les chpnpusehcbeiii, Ic>- 
chesteminem, Tas ii;est lu i-siiiius. 

DISPOSE, ?*. f. 1st To regnhite, determine, IeschzogO(>pileni ; T>> 
govern, to have full power on, Tes-chshiepilem ; To give awav, 
sell, les-gniz'sheu), Tcs tomistcm ; To dispose of oneself as h' 
])!eases, (diines-chshiepilenzuti ; To dispose of oneself to, to 
]n'epare, Chines kclemisti, Chines-gazmenzuti,' Sec Proptiro; 
To treat, handle^ les-ngeilem ; To dispose bj' will^ Sec Re- 
cpieath, Will. 


' 'BIS :10i 

J>ispositioii, See Bent. 

1) LSPOSESS, V. t, Ics ozkaem. 

DISPUTE, V. t. To argue, ^y/'o uiiJ co?:, los elikolkocltciii. 

2d To contend, Ica-clieszineni. See Clies. 

J)JS!lEGATvD, r. f. Xct to look at, Ie:s-m6nzcm. 

2d ZSTot to cure for, Ta ico azgaui, Ta ies clikaelsein, Io.s-]) 

:-^tl Xot to obcv, Cbiiie8-i]:ali>:alemisti. 

DISS.VTLSFilCi), tr. I am di.s.Sciti.sticd, Tiis gcst hi i-spuus. See 
Displease, Disgust, Ta is-niuuls. 

DISSEMBLE, v. i. Chines-ukumisti. 

r^issLuiiblc, r. i'. Ic.^-r.wkiiin, I..-;-iikuijUs'i.e!:u Seo i/isguise, I'\^igiJ. 

i)ih.')h:u.i.^s.-i i L, h-^:\^ Spread, j. ropogagate. 

DISSENT, See Disagree. 

DISSIPATE, f. f. See Clear. 

DISSOLUTE, a, Uiiiigune. 

DISSOLVE, V. f. 1st In water, les-ptmanem. 

Dissolve, I'. I. Ill water, riatc ; TIi-^ water in wliich sugar, sail, 
etc, is desolved, Xi>t'ta'tuu. 

2:1 Dissolved by lire, As gnease ; c. f. le.i-oinieni ; r. L Es-oinii. 

DISSUAI)]], (\ t. lesgeeijim, ley-kulkijeltein, les inline m ta. 

DISTANCE, y^ Sikot. 

])istance, v. t, les-lkoleniineni. 

Distant, a. L'kot. 

DISTEMPEii, n, foi* animals) i]s-u6iti. 

i)[STIXCT, (I. 1st Xv)t the same individual being, Chinalcs, ii' per- 
sonal ; Xko, if not personal.. 

2d Xot oi' the same kind, Es tiguiem. 

od Clearly marked, I mii, ninuintgu. 

DISTIZsGUISII, (•. t, 1st To aiiix a nau'k, les-ka'im, lesd^olsugu- 

2d To recognize by a mark, les-sagum. 

od To «!i;.-;linguish ijneself, Chines-lakonienzuti, Chi:ie^inshiiziszuti. 

i)[STPACT, r. i. To divert the attention, Ies-j)auchslem.- 

Distracted, a, I-chi.:: ])aii. Distracting, Paui)ot. 

DISTPESS, n, Tiie sud'iiring, Snguzgu::me]s. 

2d Tlie cause of suffering, Xguzguzmclsten. 

DISTRIBUTE, v. t. 1st To deal out, les-milem. 

2(1 To divide goods, Ies-]>gomim, Chines-]>gonishishi. 

od To divide goods among several, les-pgomshitcni. 

102 DlV 

4th To divide such goods to such people, les pgomH6m. 

5th To divide in classes, los-goaksuscm. 

Distribution, n. Of goods, Spgomilsh. 

DISTRUST, r. t Ics-keiiiaem. 

Distrustful, a. Keiusemen. 

DITCH, n. Steiaiku. See Tel. 

Ditch, r. t. Chines-telttikui. 

DrVAEICATE, a. Es nk6ius. 

DIYE, V. i, Chines-usti. 

DIVERGE, t\ I, Ea-gokopeusi, Es-ngupusdks. 

DIYERS, a. Kuitltr 

DIVEST, r. t. les chz'seligum. 

I>IVIDE, r. f, 1st To separate in pieces, See Detach, Break. 

2d To apportion, to make partition among, les-pgomlm. See 

•Sd To divide an object, a mass into several lots, les-goeeusem. 
4th To divide in two, Tes-eselem ] in tliree, les-clieKsem. 
oth To separate two objects, or persons united, Ics-gokucusem. 
6th. To cause to separate, Tes-gokop^uscm, gokopeusetiten. 
7th To separate oneself from, Ies-gokop6usem, gokoi")6usemen- 
Sth To disunite in opinion, harmony, les-gokop^uscm. 
0th To divide a people, family, into two, les-esel^ligum ; into 

three, les-chleligum. 
10th To divide a room into two by a partition, les-nselelzem. 
11th To divide by cutting, sawing, breaking, etc., See Cut, Saw, 

Break, and all are found by the copulative form of the verb. 
12th To divide into two equal parts, Tes-tgo^usem. 
13th To divide a whole into many parts, les-goeeitem. 
14th To divide into several bands, Ics-goaksiisem. See Gbeit. 
Divide, r. i. Chines-ntalp6usi, Chines-gokop^usi, Chines-nelkou3- 

2d The road divides, Es-ngukupusaks ; The stream divides, Es- 

8d To divide in two, Es-eseluilshi. 
4 til To divide in three, Es-chahiilshi. 
rnh To divide in sevenil bands, Es-goaksusi. 
Divide, n, Skakalt, IS'tgoichen. 
Divided, a, 1st Distributed, Es-pgomim. 
2d Parted, separated, Es-goko^eus. 

DO 108 

3d In opposite factions, Shomoneus; The two oj^positc divided 

factions, Es shemshcraen^us. 
-DIYINE, Excellent, See Powerful, Smis. 
I>ivine, v. t, 1st To foresee, Es-tmist6n.. 
2d To foretell, les-tni^ieni. 
3d To guess right, Chines-kuizinelsti. See Au. 
Diviner, a, Kulauauel, Kulzinzin61. See Sorcerer. 
DIVOECE, V. t. To divorce one's own consort, to separate from, 

2d To cause to separate, Ies-goko6usem. 
Sd Reciprocally^ Kaes-gokopcusi, Kaes-golstuegui. 
DIYULGE, v\ t. les-inimim. 

DIZZY, a. 1st of vertigo, giddj, Chincs-nselselemtussi. 
2d Without distinct knowledge. Chin kokueu. 
DO, V. t, 1st To make, work, perform, les-kuleni. I do what I 

have to do, *Ies-k61era lu iks-kolem'. 
2d To produce, les-kolilem. 
3d To do one harm or good, Ies-k61shitem t'gest, les-kolshitcin ta 

4th To bring to an end, Ies-ui6chstem, I have done that job. 
5th To have done talking, Chines-chopmi, Chines-hoizini. 
6th To do victuals, cook them, les-piak^m ; Done^ Piak. 
7th To do his best, Chines-koiiemisti, Chines-ioioszuti. Chinc.s- 

8th To do over again, Iel:es-k61em. 

9lh What shall I do to him ? 1-kaez-s'ch^nem ? See Chen. 
10th I do nothing to — Ta te6 es'ch^sten. 
11th i do something to him, or with it. Tee es-chesten. 
12th I do nothing but — , les-milkomira ; You do nothing but 

backbite, Mi'lkomstegu suekuzin. 
13th What shall I do with it ? lld-ntemten ? See Use. 
Do, V, L 1st What do I do ? Chinez-s'ch6ni ? See Chen. 
2d How do I do ? Chinez-s'cheni ? How do you do ? 4^uez-s'cheni ? 

or Ez-s'cheni hi a-skeltich ? how is thy body ? 
3d 1 do as — Ohines-ageili t' — ; I did as you told me, 'Chines- 

ligeilem t'ko-aszuhem. See Agal. 
4th I do as you do, Chiiies-ag^ili t'anui. 
5th I do so, L'shei u chines-ageili. 
6th I do with him as — lesageilem t — ; Do with me as you 

164 D(m 

please, 'Xo t*nk-s;:nlc!.\^, Tshci m-kolcr, ngeistgu. Bv^ttor iiii- 

derstood hv siil):^titntini^ 'I ti\»at liim'. 
7th TTow do J do with him, or to him ? L'ehon n ics-ai^idlem ? 
Olh 1 am doincT well, T-chinii-est. 
10th I am doini^ poorly, T;i 
11th It will do, it answers well enough, G(^il i^est, Shci. 
12th This will not do,, Tas-io; That v/ill not do, ^Ta- 

ksioi hi sh^i. 
18th I am done, Chin-hoi, Chin-kiilgutip, riiin-giitemszut, Chiii- 

1-kh I have done. Chin-hoi, h6isten, 


15th I have done with him, Hoisten. 

DOCTOT?, 71. Phvsieian. SLTiimalid'. 

2d For teacher, Sgumeie, ^fienzdten. 

Doctor, V. t. Tcs-malicm. See Medicate. 

Doctrine, n. Smiimeie, Smimii. 

DOCITAIEyT, V. Kaimin. 

DODGE, v. ■'. Chines kulinkomisti. Sec Xdko. 

Dodge, V, f. A person, Tesdcnlinkomistem. 

DOE, n. Stolze, Szoolign. 

DOFF, V. t. les-ptlim. 

DOCt, n. Nkokoismcchinshin. See Kwh. 

2d Small do<r, Stitichime. 

Dog-bells, Chpasauic. 

Dog, r. t. Tes siccbstem, Tes-pizchstem. See Sii, Piz, Ics-raczineni, 

DOLL, n. Sogogtele. 

DO'''>L\, ??. Ksz!ioningiu''!K^, Lii rv,nii:ae:e:; !ii kolip.zul.^n. 

DOLE, V. t. Ics-milem. 

DOLLAP, V. Isl Ulidim, Tulln ; Skaleu, (hy w-.!-rn I:id!an:<) 

2d Currency dollar, Kaimutie nliilim. 

8d Half dollar, S'chut. 

4tl:i Quarter of a dollar- Ku(3ter. 

5th To go after a dollar, Chines-chnlnlimi. 

DOMAIN, n, St61igii. 

DOMESTIC, a. Ta^me, Sensant. 

2d Domestic animals, cattle, horc-es, Gatlzin. 

3d Chickens, pigs, Chemuten. '< 

4th To grow tame, Es-sensentualshi. 1 

Domestic, ??. A honsc-servant, S^-liemtcp, pi. S'chaiultep. Sec 

DOW 105 


Domesticate, i*. t. les-sensentualsheni. 
DOMIMEEE, V. t. les-chskutisziitem. 

DOOM, r, t, Ics-chzogo6pilein ; To doom to death, liis-ebtlapilem. 
Doom's-day, hu ez^ut sgalgalt. 
DOXE, a. Well ripe, cooked, Piak. 8ee Do. 
2d Done, part. I-gu. 

DOOE, 1st The entrance, the wane^ Kolnehm^ptcn, Snchmep li- 
sten, Kolinchem^p. 
2d The frame of boards to shut and open, KoHnshnepteu, 
oil The hide or cloth to the Indian lodge door, Kolinshalpenzulcn. 
4th Wide door, Kolinkutendpe. 
THh Small door, KoHnlkukuimepe. See Kolin. 
6th One of the two opposite doors of a long tent, Skozinelgu. 
DOUBLE, a. 1st Two-fold Es-ngapem6iis, pL Es-ngapemelis, said 

of several objects double. 
2d Twice as dear, Es-naseldksem. 

3d The leaf of a book, double at the corner, Es-chpenenc. Sec Pin. 
DOUBLE, V. t. 1st To fold in two, Ies-ngapem6usem. 
2d To fold a corner of the leaf of a book, les-chpenenem. 
DOUBT, r. t, 1st To hesitate between two opinions, les-scUemi- 

2d I am perplexed about it, I fear not to be able, les-i^mmein. 
3d I doubt his statement, believe him not, les-keiussem. 
Doubt. V, i, 1st Chin-esselspuusi, Chines-iemmi, Chines-keiul- 

Doubtful, inspiring doubt, a, Selsilt, lemiemt, Keikeiusnug, Icni- 

Doubtfully, adv. I-mii. 
DOUGH, n. Sztih See Thm. 
2d To knead the dough, Ies-t*lim. 
DOVE, n. Gozg6zem. 
2d Pigeon, Kaelgozg6zem. 
Dove-tail, v. t. les-nlos^usem. 
2d Of several cuts, les-nlos^lisem. 
Dove-tailed, a. Es-nloseus, Esnloselis. 
Down, ?«. iichchep'spum. 
Down, V. t. les-ngapeusem t'lchch^p. 
Down, adv. ubi, L'lshutj quo, Ch'ishut; luidc, tel ishut. 

106 DBA 

2d J)own inside, L'liishilkt, ch'nishut. 

3d Down in the ground, L'nishtulegu. 

4lh Down in water, L'nishtdtiku. 

5th Down a hill, from above, les-ulkupus. 

6th Down hill, said from below, Es-zulkupu.s. 

7th Down hill by the road, Es-nulkup6ks, Es-znulkupak?. 

Sth Down the river, L'utemchi, Ch'ut^nichi, Tel ut6mehi. 

10th To go down the river,. Chines-n6goti. See Agot. 

11th To go down from on high, in general, Chines-u^lkupi, Chines- 

12th To go down a hill, Chines-uelkupi, Chines-ulkupusi. 
13th To earry down hill, les-ehu^lkupem, les-nkuhi^lkupem. 
14th To go down, sink down in the water, Chines-nkadte. 
15th To go down, inside, Chines-nishilshi. 
16th To go down from on horseback, CUiines-tipenzuti, lit. thr(»w 

himself down from any place. 
17th To lie down, Chines-lkoti, Chines-lkailshi. 
18th To put down, below the person acting, Chines-tkom'i, les- 

19tb To put down, depose from authorit}', Iks-ozkaem. 
20th To take down a load, Ies-took6m. 
21st To take down by letting or throwing down, les-tipmim, les- 

22d From Adam down to Xoah, Lu tel Atam giii u Noc. 
Down-right, adv. Straight down, Es-cbiltgo6ne. 
Down-right, a. Unmixed, undisguised, I-mii. 
Down staii*s, adv. L'nishut, Ch'ishut. 
Downward, adv. 1st in generrl, Ch'ishut. 
2d To hang downwards, head down toward the ground^ Ksnilu- 

3d To hang head down, heels up, Es-nauiakan. 
DOZE, r. 2. Chines-ehesit'shi. 
DKAFT, w. Sketch, Sk6i. 
Draft, V. t. To sketch, les-kulkaim. 
DEAFT-HORSE, n. Nzkumin. 
DRAG, r. t. 1st To pull before, leszkum. See Zuk. 
2d To drag along, to make it move, les-koamim. 
3d To drag oneself, v. g. moving on a floor, but not walking, 


BKE 107 

4 til To drag oneself slowly, through lazy 11088, Chines-chenclienti. 

Dragged, a. I-zuk. I feel dragged by, rcs-zkukuniincm. 

DRAGOOXS, n. Es-chaiut6us s6ltis. 

DllAIX, t\ t. les-gampulegum. 

r)n\in, n. Garapiileguton, Ntel^tikii. 

DRAW, r. t. 1st To pull along, Ics-zkuni. See Pull drag. 

2d To draw from a drawer, trunk, les-nkuiim. 

.•kl To draw out of the water, Ics-znkutletikum. 

4th To draw water from a stream or other places, Chines-kuhnuli. 

5th To d^aw water or other liquids, meaning the pouring it into 

any vessel, glass, Chines-nmiili. 
6th To draw water, or the like, by sucking, as a pump or syringe, 

7th To draw out of a case, etc., by pulling, les-nzookcm, les-to- 

Sth To draw, unsheathe a revolver, gun, sword, ('hine?>-nzoUcin- 
chi, Ies-nzook<}m hi tapmin. 

0th To pull back, les-uishlshem, les-nueupem. 

10th To draw money, Ko-es-gakam, (,'hin-tigulululini. 

11th To draw* a line, Ccines-kaimi, Chines-lpmi. ^ 

12th To draw lines, surveying, Chines-kaiulegui, Chines-ljiulogui. 

13th To stretch in length, les-sutem. 

14th To draw a bow, Chines-zkuinchi. 

15th To draw a curtain, les-i^lgum. 

16th To draw the hearts, les-zkukununem. 

17lh To portrait, Ics-kulkaim. See Kai. 

18th To attract, as a magnet, les-zkukununom. 

Draw, r. i. To pull, Chines-zkuini. 

2d To unsheathe, Chines-nzookami. 

.•>d To paint, Chines-kolkaimi. 

4ih To suck, Chines-tomi. 

ijth To draw back Chines-en ueupi. 

Gth To draw near a place, Ics-chchiitcmineni. 

7th To draw near a person, les-chizilshem. 

Kth To draw near, on the side, les-chisagam. 

Dth To shrink, Chines-kazpmi. 

DRAY, n. Zkumin, zkuminten. 

J)READ, r. /. les-ng^lem. See Fear. 

Dreadful, a. ^fijallutem, Xizali»:alsnui»:. 

108 DRI 

DRKAM, i\ i. Chines-nsp'siip'psi. 

2(1 To talk or bear in a dreain, Chines-k^isi, Cliiii-nspsu. 

8«l To walk in a dream, Chinog-k^isi. 

Dream, r. f. les-kdiscm, k^iscmen. 

J)ream, n. Snp'sp'sup'ps. 

Dreamer, n, Sgunpsti, Sguk^isom, Keis^mcn, Es-keisi. 

DREG, Dreg8, grounds of coffee, lea, Chnzkaustcn. 

DRENCH, V. t, les-ndsem, Jes-ohihneldnom. I have been <lrench- 

ed by rain, 'Ta ko-stnl^isentem. See Tul. 
DRESS, V, i, 1st Chines-gaznumli, Chines-nlgnpenzuti. 
2d Cbines-nziliskue, Said of a widow dressing gaily alter the 


>>d To armnge oneself in a line, Chines shitl^emenzuti. 

4th To arrange oneself in a line, eaeh one fronting his compan- 
ion's back, Chines-lpemenziiti. See Liji, ShitK 

')th To dress as white men or w^omen, etc., SeeDisguise. 

Dress, v. t. 1st A jicrson, to clothe, les-gaznunitein, gaznumtston. 

2<1 I put a dress on him, les-nlgupini. 

od I dress mj'self with that, les-lgupim. 

4th I use that article of dress, les-fgnpmincm. 

5th ] dress myself, Chines-nlgupenzuti. 

Oth I dress myself with that, les-nlgupenzuteni. 

7th I dress him with that, les-chsngupim. 

S*^th I dress myself with a shirt, Chines-nlgupalksi. 

0th To dress skins, Chines-guikui. 

10th To dress lumber, Ies-61em, les-gutlim, 

11th To dress beef, les-goizem. 

12th To dress a wound, les-nelchusem. See Lich. 

13th To prepare, to make suitable, to adjust, Ics-koleni. losgay,- 

DRIFT, i\ I. Es-pelpmi. 

Drift, r. t, les-pelim. 

Drift-ice, n. Snsukuku. . 

Drift-snow, w. Pgutenc. 

Drift-wood, n. Stgugu. 

DRILL, v. i. Of soldiers, Es-gusgumeenzuti. 

DRIKK, V, i. 1st In general, Chines-susti. 

2(1 Of animals sucking the -water, Chiues-tomi. 

od Of chickens, Essiisti. 

DRO / 109 

4th As dogs, making a noise, Chmes-lkuetikui. 

r>tb Drinking at. a stream, flat down, ('liincs-nlkalshetikui. 

Drink, v. t. les-sustcm. 

2d To drink all, Tes-nsoopnuueni. 

3d 1 drink the bottle dry, turning its bottom up, les-nualkancm. 

8ee Soop. . • 

DRIVE, v. t. 1st to make go, les-keigum, Chines-keiguskagaoi. 
2d To drive away, les-igem, Chincs-igskagaci. Sec Ig. 
8d To drive a team by the lines, Chines-ntgomuskagjiei, Ics-ntgu- 

4th To drive the game away, Tes-chk^igulshem. 
5th To drive into an open iield, les-chk-beushilshein; 
<>th To drive back a runaway animal, Ics-kulzakom. 

7th To force, les-kupem, les-lchmmi. 

Drive, v. L Chines-k(^igui, Cbines-keiguskdtgaei. 

2d Chines-ntgomusi. 

Driver, Sgukeiguskugae, Sguigaskagae, 

DRIVEL V. L Chines-nzoozini. 

DRIZZLE, ^. «. EshicMsi. 

DROOP, To droop the head as from fatigive, Chines-goeiti. 

DROP, n, 1st As it flowed out, 8aup. 

2d Any drop, no matter how formed, Slzap ; pi, Slzlzap. There 
remains not a drop, ^Tas nko slzap'. 

Drop, ?\ /*. 1st To fall in drops, flowing, Es-au])mi. aup. See Au. 

2d To. let fall in drops, as a dropping vessel, Es-aupeusi. 

8d To fall suddenly, Chines-tiipmi, Chines-tkokomi. 

4th To die, Chinos-tlilemi. 

5th To cease, Chines-hoi mi. 

<Uh To drop in, to visit, Cliines-chguimskeligui. 

7th To become a drop, in any waj', Es-lzpm^, Izap. 

Drop, i\ f, 1st To pour out in drops, les-adm, Tes-aupim. 

2d To let fall, Ics-tipminein. 

•W To let go, los-haum, les-ptlechstem. 

4th To abandon, dismiss, les-goelem. 

5th To lower, as to drop a curtain, fes-ishislhem. 

6th To drop in a hole, as a letter, les-nloom. 

7th To drop, put drops on the eyes, Tes-chelim6scm. Sec Mooj). 

^th To put drops in the cars, les-nlemeuem. See Moop. 

DROPSY, n. I have the dropsy, Es-pogtilshi lu in-olin t'sculku. 

110 DRY 

Dl^OUGIIT, /?. I-tlaka. By the heat dried the crop/I-l'tlaka ii 

ixoos In skolka'. 
DROVE, n, A bnnd, Nkuseni. 
J)ROVVX, i\ L Chines-ntollc^tikui, />/. Kaes-iikonipetikui. See Till, 

Drown, r. f. Ic3-ntMletikuin, Ies-nlo6tikum. . 
2d To drown oncselfpnrposely, Chincs-ntMlctikunziiti. 
DROWSY, a, Chesitsh^nicn. I fee) drowsy, ^Oliines-chesitsbr. 
DRUG, n. Mah6misten. 
DRUM, «. Spcleliep, Puniin. 

D^'um, V, I, Chincs-pelchepi, Ics-Fpelektpcm \n puniin. 
Drummers, Indian j Higglers, Epl-pnmin. 
DRUNK, rt. Es-ko6u. f am drunk, Chines-koeui. 
Drunkard, Koeu^mcn, S'stemen. See Sust. 
Drunkenness, n. Skoeu. 

DRY, a. 1st Xot wot, T-gam , Dry land, I-ganilegu. 
2d That is no more wet, that got dry, Es-gamip ; Dried hind, Gam- 

8d Dry wood, Cheie, if by oUl age; Gamalko, if* eut and (UmciI. 
4th Dry gi'ass, wheat, etc., by ripening, Ko6el, Koeelulegii ; l^y 

hay, I-gamip, i-gam. 
r)th Dry yellow cotton tree leaves, Chkoelelp. 
6th Dry pine leaves, Ch^nime. 
7th Dry creek, Ngampiilegu. 
8th l}vy meat, Szkai^lze, SzVp61ze. 
0th Dry fish, Sz^p61ze. 

10th Dry clothes, I-gam ; Dried, Es-ehegnni. 
11th Dry on the surface, Chgamip; Avood, ('hgampalko. 
12th I am dry, thirst}', (^hines-ngampzini. 
13th Dry road, Xgampaks; A dry road, [-ngamks. 
14th Dry branches, Nchaiakan. 
Dry, 1-. L 1st To lose moisture, F]s-gampmi. 
2d Grass, Es-koeelemi, Es-koeelulegui. 
8d Dry cotton or pine tree leaves,, Es-chkoelt^lpi. 
4th Dry clothes- Esgampmi, Es-chegui. 
5th Dry creek, Es-ngampmi. 

6th The eyes dry up after weeping. Chines chgamgampusi. 
7th Land is dr\'ing, Es-gampulegui. 
Dry, i\ t. 1st les-gampim ; To make it become jlry, les-gampnu- 


tid To dry clothes, dry bay, le3-ch<>guai. 

8d To throw the clothes across a line to dry, les chilko^usseai, 
les chilko61isem. They are spread across the line to dry, 'Es- 
ehilkoelis*. vSee Lok. 
4 til To dry oneself, Ohinos-cheguisti. 
I>ried, a. 1st What got dried, Es-gamip. See Dry. 
2d Of clothes or hay wet, then dried, Es-chegunu 
€>d Of meat dried. See Dry. 
Drving place, place to dry clothes, hay, Snchegiimen. 

2d Drying meat, Szkaielz^ten. 

Dryness, n. Sgam, Sgamip, S'chgamip. 

DUAL berb is made by affixing *eus' to the verb. They love one 
another, 'Es-gamench^us* ; They are tied two and two, 'Es- 
azcus*, of one couple; Of several couples, *Es-azelis* ; Of sev- 
eral couples in several places, *Es-azazeli«* ; Hence the verb, 
*les-azeusem*, I yoke them two ; 'les-azelisem', 1 yoke them in 
twos; 'les azazelisem', I yoke them now and then. This 
verb then is subject to all the derivations and formations of 
all verbs. 

DUBIOUS, See Doubtful. 

DUCK, n. Sesligum ; Small duck, ^St'tome. 

DIJEL^ n. Snchgutp^us. 

Duel, r. i. Caes-nchgutpeusi, Kaes-chnksmenuegui. 

Duel, V. t, les-nchgutpeusem. 

DULL, a. Ist Slow, Shept. 

2d Dull knife, etc., Iliilt; the opposite of Goigoit. 

DUMB, a, Es-i'kau, Tas kolku^lt. 

DUNG, n. Smenech. 

DURABLE, Sec Last. 

EUSK, n. Lkeikal. 

DUST, n. Skooh 

2d For earth. Malt. 

3d Gold dust, Ululim es-puko. 

Dust, v, t. 1st To dust a table, to free from dust, lesgukum. See 

2d To spread dust an, les-pkom. See Pok. 

3d To reduce to dust, les-pkiim. See Puk, Powder. 

DUTIFUL, a. Es-nsiigune, Epl-tent^ne, Es-s^une, SusuajWr^ IS^sgu- 

12 EAC 

DUTY, w. M}- duty, 1st What I shall dp, Lu iks-zkol ; M}^ duty to 
him, hn ik8-k61shitorn, Lu iks-chzut^chstem. ^Sce Zuut. 

DWELL, r. i, Chines-cindti, Chinez-Hkshilshi, Chines-lzii. 

Dwell, r. t, les-nemutem, ]cs-nenit61zcru, Ies-nemt61gum. 

Dwelling-house, n. Snemutcn, Snlziiten, Zitgu. 

DWIXDLE, i\ L Chines-aarati. See Consume, Diminish, Deterio- 

DYE, r. t. 1st Cloth, red, les-kuilcra, les-kollkuilem, les-koleni, 
I-kskuili; Red colored water, *Nkuilku\ 

2d To dye green, les-koinem, les-kulem, I-ks koini ; Green color, 

8d To dye, yellow. les-kualiim, les-kolem i-kskualiit. 

4th To dye hlack, Tes-koaiem ; Black coloring liquid^ 'Xkoaikii'. 
5th To dye white, Tes-pikam, les-kolem i-ks-pikai ; White color- 
ed water, 'N^pikaku. 
6th To dye azure, Ies-i:)aam, lesrkolem i-ks-palkui. 
Dye, To dj-e feathers and beads, red, lcs-chkuil!>em, Es-chkuilsi. 
2d Green, les-ehkoinsem. 
3d Yellow, los-chkiialisem. 
4th Black, les-chkoaisem. 
5th White, les-chpiksem. 
6th Azure, les-chpasem. 
Dying, a, Es-migoti, Es-tlilemi, Es-ntellelsi. 
Dying, n. hn stlil, hn sztlil. 
DYSSENTERY, n. Spaz, Es-pzma. 
DYSL'^RY, SkagupHeh(^it, I have dysury, ^Ohincs-kagupluh^iti'. 


EACH, a, Ist Every one or more individuals considered separate- 
ly from the rest, -Chinaks^ pL 'Chinkanaks'. God shall 
judge each of us, *Xem-kae-chinkanaksemHls, m-kae-chzogo- 
epil6Hls ht t-Kolinzuten . 

2d Each one with a substantive is rendered by the distributive 
plural. Each tribe, SSkalkeligu' ;. Each woman, *Sin^mem'; 

EAG 113 

Each man, ^Skalkalteraiguj' Each house, *Zizktgu.' I visited 
each tribe, 'Chguimen hi skalk^ligu.' He entered each house, 
^J^61gii '1-izitgu/ 
3d. ]Bach one governing a verb is rendered by the distributive plu- 
ral of the verb: Each one is working, *E8-kolk61i.' Each one 
went away, *Guig\ii.' Each one went out, *0z6zkae/ 
N- B. Not to confound each one in severally, with every one coU 
lectively. See Every. 

I give each one a dollar, ^les-guzguiz'shtem t-nko ululira.' I give 
to all one dollar; 'les-guiiz'shtem t-nko ululim.' 

Each other must be rendered by the verb reciprocal, or copulative. 
We love each other, *Kaes-gainench6u8i.' We fight each ohter, 
^Kaes-pel-stu^gui,' We hate each other, ^Kaes-amist^usi.' They 
separated each other, *Es-gokop^u8i/ 

It would appear that the dual is used when expressing a union or 
disunion to or from each other. The reciprocal when there is 
reciprocal action, v. g. We are bound to each other, *Kaes- 
-az^usi.' We bind each other, *Kaes-aznu6gui.' We are tied 
together, to each other, *Kae8-lch^usi.' We tie each other, 
[but not one to the other, v. g, 1 fetter you to-day, and next 
day you fetter me,] *Kaes-lchenu^gui, 

EAGER, a. Komm^men, Bs-koimmi, Es-nkomkom^ls. Very often 
rendered h}'^ the verb volitive, or by the verbal adjectives in 
-^men, or uh A talker, 'Kolkoltdl.' A thief, *Nako6men.* 
He wishes to go, *Es-nguelgt.* One that swallows eagerly, a 
glutton, ^Kamala.' One that likes to eat, *El:n6men.' 

EAGLE, s. Ist. the black, Melkanups. 

2d. s. White-headed, Pkalk6in. 

EAGLET, s, Kael-melkaniips, Kael-pkalk6in. 

EAE, s. Ist T6ne pi. Tontene. 

2d. The right, Szchzeh^ne; The left, S'chzku^ne. 

3d. Cropped, one, Chgot^ne; Both, Chgotgot^ne. 

4th. Split^ Nzk^ne. See Zak. 

oth. To have ear-ache, Chin^s-nzalfeini. 

6th. To have a swoolen ear, Chines-chsku^nei; Both, Chines- 

7th. To have ear-rings to one, Chines-naz^hei; To both, Chinese- 

8th. To give ear, to obey, Chines-ntkuku^nei 

114 EAR 

9th. To have the ears stopped, to be deaf, Chfnes-ntak'tak^ire. 

10th. To keep my ears attentive, Chine^-ehsht^nei. See Shit. 

11th. To reftis*? to give ear, les-ntemanem, 

12th. To listen with bad ear, bad feeling, les-nchcs^nem. See ChesL 

13th. To listen with a willing ear, Cbines-nges^ne. See Ges. 

I4th. Ear-lock. See Hair, 

N. B. In composition use N-^ne, when the verb regards the inside 

of the ear> and Ch-^ne for the outside; N-anakan for the above 

the ear. See Spim. 
EAKLY, adv. Ist. In the morning, 'L-chilgalp6ne, 'Iskuekust. 
2d. To rise eariy, Chines-kuztemtk^ilti, See Kuez. 
3d. To go early, start early, Ohines-ko^zti (ku^zti ?> 
4th. To visit people early ,Chine8-kuzt6pi- 
6th. To eat early, to breakfiast, Chincs-ku^kusti. 
6th. To pray early, morning prayer, (vhinos-kuztems'chanm. 
7th. To come too early in the morning. Mil: chines-zku^zti. 
8th. You come too early in the evening. Mil: ku-chs'ehel'iig. 
EAEN, V. t, 1st. By compensation, or pay ibr work, Ies-tlegupei«j 

2d. Ej labor, as to earn one's bread, Chin-tigu; les-tigum; les- 

3d. To earn by sweating, les-ehskuiltem, 
4th. By working, les-chagaluisem, les-chaigotszutem, les-ehai- 

EAKTH, 5. 1st. The globe, St61ig^^ 2d. Soil, clay, Malt. 
EAETHLY, s. From the earth, Tel St6ligu. 2nd. As opposite t<» 

spiritual. Malt. 
EAKTH-QUAKE, s. Es-iumi \\x stoligu; eis-gualpmi lu stoligu, e^ 

-iuiulshi \xx stoligu. 
EASY, a. 1st Of body, I-chin-met. 
2d. Of mind, I-chin,k^im. 
3d. Not difficult, iit6tiim; Tas selsilt. 
4th. I do not feel easy, free with him, Ics-iaaminem. 
EASE, 17. .t 1st. The body from pain, les-melim; 2d. TRe mind, 

EAST, s. Sntlechtin, Skutlptin. See TIech, Kuith 
EASTEK-SUKDAY, s. Paque-sgalgalt. 
EAT, V, i. Chines-il-eni; It eats, it can be eaten, Es-ilistem. 
EAT, V, t. 1st. les ilinem. 

EFP 115 

2d. To consume, les-amnunem, les-uizinem, 

3d. To eat one's words, le-les-tam'ra. 

4th. To eat snow, ice, Chines-g^ukui. 

EATABLES, s. Siileii. 2d. When put up, Stku^ne. 3d. To trade, 

Chines-t^uzini. See Tom. 
ECHO, 5. Smlmalkuakan^ It reverberates on the hills, Es-golte6nchi 

ECLIPSE, V. L Es-ko^^chlgumi hi spakanl; KolchJug. 
2d, The sun is eclipsed, Es-kolchilgu hi spakani. 
8d. The moon is eclipsed, Es-kolchi^^gu \u spakani I'-skukufez, 
ECLIPSE, V, t, les-Kolnh^^giinj. The moon eclipsed the sun, Lu 

t'-spakani Tskukuifez koMifgunt^m lu spakani. 
ECONOMICAL, a. Nem6men, n^mnemt, 
ECONOMIZE, V, t les-nemem, 
EDDY, Es-ininku^tiku. 

EDGE, 5. Ist, Of a knife, etc., Chemusj The back of, Siichemichen. 
2d. Of a table, brink. See Bank, 
3d. Of a garden, Kolzilemin. 
EDGE V. t. Ist. les-petlsem, (to sharpen). 
2d. To border the edges, at the feet, Tes-chempalksem; at the wrist, 

Tes-ko^rchemzn^chsemj at the neck, Ie8-chemp61koHem. 
3d To edge a garden, les-kolzilim; lit.^ I plant all around. 
EDIFY, V. g. To give good example, les-guizeHem gest nzgo^lten 
EDUCATE, V, L les-pagpagtilshem, pagpagtilshtenj les-pagtilshem. 
EDUCATED, a. Pagpagtuilsh. 
EEL, s. Kutun. 
EFFACE, i>. U les-gukum. 

EFFEMINATE, a. KonkonusjEs-meemus, Looking like a woman. 
EFFERVESCENT, Es-guiil; Es-guulemi. 
EFFETE, Unable to bring forth, Tie h6ilt. • 
EFFICIENT, a. Sissius. 
EFFIGY, See Portrait. 
EFFLUVIA, 1st. Of filth, I-guag. 
2d. Of corrupted water^ carcasses, Tlagalka. 
EFFRONTED, a. Tas iaiaskdigu. 
EGGS, a, (Of birds), Uusse; 2d. To lay, es-uussei; ^d. To hatch 

Es-nlkalshus^lti; 4th. To break, Chi nes-nz6mpi. 
EGGS, (Of fish), Ekun. 
EGREGIOUS, a. Kutiini, Tastut, Es-nshiizin. 

116 EIG 

EIGHT, n. inan, EIe6nem; aniou Gb-hc6iicm; in eomp, Hanm; Eight 

days, Hannah skat. 
EIGHTEEN, 6pcn el he^neni. * 

EIGHTH, a. hn ks-he^nem. 
EIGHTY, n. He6iiemt6pen. 
EITHER, a. GoA ie nko, goa zi nko. 
EITHER, conj. Rendered so: If you do not this, vou will do that. 

You must either work, or starve; ha ne ta kue8-k61eni,neni ku- 

EJECT, V. I. For natural evacuation, Chines-pzm4, 
ELBOW, 8. On the outside, SVhansagan; On the inside, S'chemu- 

2d, Stove-elbow, Es-koatgo. 
3d. River-elbow, Es-inimp6tikn. 
ELBOW, V. t. les-kiipem. 
ELDER. See Old, Ancestor, Pai-ent. 
ELECT, V. t. 1st. To choose, I6s-nko6nem. 
2d. To nominate to an office, les-^ura. 

ELECT, 8» and a, Sznko6n; The elects, Lu sznko6-is Kolinzuten. 
ELEVATE. See Nuist. 

ELEVEN, n. 6pen-el-nko; anim. Ch-6pen-el-cbin^ks. 
ELK, 5. Sh^tse, (male); the skin, Sbits^lguj Snechelze, (female); the 

skin, Sncbilz^lgu. 
F]LOPE, V. I. Chines-telkomi, Chines-gulpenziiti. 
2d. Witb a man. is rendered b}' the passive; the man car»'ied me 

away, Ko-gutepusentem; or les-nkuhelkominein. 
ELSE, a. Something else, N6gu teestem. 
2d. Some body else, N^gu tee su^t. 
8d. Nothing else, Ta negu teestem. 
4th. No body else, Ta n^gu su^t. 
5th. Somewhere else, N6gu teelVhen. 
6th. No where else, Ta n^gu Tchen. 
ELSE, adv. Otherwise, Lu ne ta. Sec Other. 
EMACIATE, V. L Chines-liipmi. 
EMACIATED, adj. Es-liip. 
FIMANATE, v. i. Chines-kulih, ChineH-zm()0])nii, Chines-zozkaei. 

See Originate. 
EMANCIPATE, v. f. Ies-pU6eh.stem. 


BMB 117 

EMASCULATE, See Effeminate. 
EMBALM, V, t, les-sinem; les-chBinzem. 
EMBAKK, V. I, Chines-nlakshilshi; pL Kaes-nHkakai. 
EMBAEK, V, t. 1st. One person, ies-nHkshilshem; 2d. Many per- 
sons, les-nl^kakam; 3d. One thing, les-ntkom; or, les-ntko^u- 
lem; 4th. Many things, Ies-nkamn6u1em. 
EMBAREASS, (/r. gener).v. t. les-ienim; 2d. With talking, les-iaazi- 

nera. See la. 
EMBARRASSED, a. 1st. 1 am. Chines-i^mmi. 
2d. I am embarrassed with him, les-iaaminem. 
3d. 1 am embarrassed seeing him, Ies-nlaiam£isem. 
4th. 1 am embarrassed at hearing him, les-ni^nera. 
5th. 1 am embarrassed fearing to punish him, les-chia^pilem. 
6th- One always embarrassed, lam^men, laiaskaligul. 
EMBARRASSING, a. lai^t, laiasndg; I am an embarrassing fel- 
low, Chin*iaiit; The one that embarrasses me, Ohin-iaiat, Is- 
-iaiasniig; I am embarrassing, Chin-iaiasnug. 
2d. Of other things embarrassing, I^miemt. 
EMBELLISH. See Adorn. 
EMBLEM, s. Kolsugum6ten. 

EMBRACE, V, t 1st. By throwing the hands on the neck, les- 
nehelshi^sem; 2d. By drawing the cheeks near, les-kolehiz'zinem. 
EMIGRANT, s. Es-zimshi. 
EMIGRATE, v. Chines-imshi. See Bird. 
EMINENT, a. Sissiiis; Esnshiizin. 

KMIT, V. t. Ies-ehk61ilom. The flowers emit fragrance; T-sze^ko 
es-chkqlilems sges^lka. The Are emits smokej Lu t'solshizten 
es-chkolilems smoot. The sun emits light. Lu t'spakani 
l-sgalg^lt es-chkualize t'spa^ka. 
EMPEROR, s. Ilimigiim. 
EMPIRE, e. Snilimigaten, Snchzogoepil6ten. 
EMPLOY, V. t, 1st. To keep in service, les-sguagaluisem, sguaga- 

luisemen; les-chemt^pem, chemt^pemsten. 
2d. To use. See Use. 

3u. To employ a day; a month, Chin-nkoaskat; Chin-nko- spakani. 
4th.. To engage, hire, leschomistem. 
5th. To send, Ie8-k61stem. 
BMPLASTER, See Plaster. 
EMPOWER, V. t. les-guizHem niopi^uten. 

118 END 

EMPTY, a. I-no6l. See 061. 2d. Worthless. 

2d. Of liquids, N8o6p. See So6. 

3d. Of anytning else, Nz'sip. See Z'sim. 

EMPTY, V, i. Ist Of a river emptying into another, les-chiilpnii, 

2d. Becoming empty, Es-nz'spmi; Es-nzopmi. 
EMPTY, V. t, Ist. By cleaning, digging out, les-z'sim. 
2d. By taking out, les-ngukum. 

3d. A vessel containing liquids, les-nz'sim, les-nsoopn^neni. 
4th. A vessel in general, Chines-nz's^lzei. 

EMULATE, vt t. 1st. To try to equal, Chiks-shiimuszuti I- . . .j 
les-shiimusziitem; Chines-nlremnuszuti; les-nlremniiszutem, nlem- 
2d. To try to surpass, Iks-chgoz'zniinem. 
ENCAMP, v. i. See€amp. 
ENCOUNTER, v, L 1st. Kaes-chizenu^gui; Kaes-chgutpenu6gui. 

2d. V, t, les-tchizinem; les-nkolrchiznudgum. 
ENCOURAGE, v. t With words, les-koilzinem; Ies-n4ukanem; 

ENCOURAGEMENT, s. Chkutispuusten, Utt. What the heart 

grows big for. 
END. s. 1st The cessation of being, of working, S'h6i. What wilJ 

be the end of the world ? Stem ku k-s'hois hi st6ligu. When 

the world will cease to be, Nhoilegu, Utt. No world. 
2d. What makes it cease, the ceasing actually, Nh6iten. What will 

bo the end of the world? What will put it to an end? The fire. 

Stem lu kl-nh6itis hi stoligu? Solshizt. 
3d. The reason why it ceases, Ch'hoiten. What will be the end of 

the end of the world, what is the reason of the end of the 

world? Our sins. Stem \u kl-ch'hoitis \u st6ligu? Lu t6ie kae- 

4th. The last hour, day, etc., Ez^ut. See Eut. Which will be the 

end of the world, its last day? We cannot know it. Chen h 

kl-ez6ut sgalgalt? Kaes-nuil61sem. 
5th. End, in opposition to the beginning either in time or in space, 

Snpetiemus. Which is the end of the earth? The shore of 

the sea. Chen^-usnpetlemusz tu stoligu? ha s-gaziis ^-u s'chi^ 

petlem6tiku? Which will be the end, terminus of the world? 

Ashes. Chem Iru k-snpetlremusz lu st61igu? Kolemin. 


END 119 

6th. The utmost point that can be reached, Snfepaks. See ijee. 
T\rhat will be the end, the last terminus that the world will 
reach in time or space? Stem lu k-snlapaksz hi stoligu? 

7th. Extremity, Chem. Which is the end of the world, on only 
on one side, v, g,, the farthest country? Chen kn chem^gan 
8t6ligu? Which are the ends of the world, the two extreme 
opposite lands at the speaker's sides? Chen lu chemchemdgan 
stoligu? Which is the lower end of the world, i, e.,the anti-^ 
podes? Stem lu chemiilegu? Which is the end of the earth, 
the side of the earth, supposing ijt a round body, and speaking 
of one of its sides, Stem lu s'chemlni6ut8 stoligu? 

8th. Object in view, Szntels, Spuus. What is the end, intention of 
God about the world? Stem \xi Szntelsz Kolinziiten lu Tstd- 
ligu? What must be the end of, the object wished for, by 
men? Heaven. Stem lu k-spuusz lu sk^ligu? S'ch'schem^skat. 

9th. The object for which a thing is made, the object of a thing, 
not of the maker. SkoUkol. What is the earth nmde for? 
To be a place for man. Stem lu skoUkolis 16 st61igu? Sk61igu 
k-snilziitis. Whom is the sea made for? A residence for fishes. 
Su6t ep-skoUkol, lu s'chilpetlem6tiku? Su^ul k-snlziitis. What 
is the end of heaven? Man. Su6t u ep-skollk61 lu s'eh'che- 
maskat? Sk61igu. 

lOth. Use, instrumentality of an object, rendered by the in- 
strumental substantive. What is the end of the world? Of 
what use is it? It is the pilgrimage, the traveling place of 
mankind, Nt^mten lu stoligu? Snguiluistishisk^ligu. See For. 

llth. End, what one is looking at, Chizgatcn. What must be the 
end of man, what must a man be looking for? God, heaven. 
Stem lu kl-chazgatis lu sk^ligu? Kolinziiten, s'ch'chem^skat. 
What must be the thought, intention of man? Stem lu k-spuusz 
lu sk61igu? 

12th. End of a speech, of a canticle, the last words, Choopsinten. 
END, V. t, Ist. To make it cease, stop, Ies-h6iem. 

2d. To end working, Chines-koichsti; To end taking,, Chines- 

3d. To terminate, les-nptlemusem. 
4th. To complete, finish, les-uim. 
END, V. L 1st. To cease. Chines-hoi. 

120 BNG 

2d. To arrive at the altimate terminus, r. g,^ as the month ends, 

8d. To become impassable, impossible to reach or to be reached 
farther, Ctiines-nlapiksi. Bee ^ee. 

4th. To be the last, the conclosion, Chin-ezeati. The hymn ends by 
these words: Sh^i \n s^uzis ^u ku^lemen. Yon ended by say- 
ing so: Sh^i \\x a-s^azin. Lift, this has been your last word. 

6th. It ends in smoke, Mo6t u hoi, i. e.^ it smoked, and stopped. It 
ends in few tears, Z-ko4ko u hoi. 

ENDBAVOK, s. Sioiosziit, SKoittemist. 

ENDEAVOR, v, i, Chines-ioioszilti; Chines-koilremisti. 1 endeavor 
to do this or that, les-chioiosziitem; (es-chkoilemistem. 

ENDLESS, a. t. Ist. Ta-ap-s'kdi; Ta ep-suptlemiis; Tas nlapaks. 

2d. Eecurring continually, l-chemish; P6ntich, T'shi^us. An endless 
talker, I-chemish ^s-ueulshi. 

3d. By the adjective in — ul^, or — ^men, so: An endless talker, 
Kolkoltiil; An endless crier, weeper; Zkoko^men. 

4th. r have an endless misery, Milkomist6n spopos^nch; 1 have an 
endless joy, Milkomist^n snpi^ls. 

5th. Without object or profit, I-tenemiks. 

ENDORSE, V, t. les-nshi^chstem. See Aid. 

ENDURE, V, t. len-niuAlsem. See Resist, Patient, lo. 

ENEMY, n. Ist. National enemies, enemies of war, Shem^n; Be- 
ciprocally enemies, Shemen^us. My enemy whom I hate, In- 
-shem6n. My enemy, whom 1 hate with reciprocal hatred, In- 
-shemen^us. ' 

2d. Private enemy, the one I hate, I-saaime. The one that hates 
me, In-amisziiten. The one with whom I have reciprocal en- 
mity, l-snkulamist^us. 

3d. Adversary, opponent, antagonist, Eutus. 

ENGAGE, 1?. t. Ist. To hire, to beg, to bring to one's assistance, 
les-chomistem. See Ch4u. 

2d. To persuade, les-k^ilem. 

3d. To win over, les-zkukununem. 

ENGAGED, a. To be busy, Chin-ep-eznka^ls. 

ENGAGING, />. a. Zkunzuten. 

ENGLISH, King-George. 

ENGRAVE, V. t les-kolkaim. 

ENJOIN, V. t See Command. 

ENO 121 

BNJOY, V. f. les-piiminem; les-npielsem; les-chnpi^lsem. To en- 
joy oneself, Chines-npi^lsi. See Content. To enjoy good 
health, f-chin-ges. To enjoy good reputation^ Great \u i-skndst, 
and 80 forth. See Possess, Have, 

ENJOYMENT, s. Ist. Pleasure, Snpidls, 2d, Cauae of pleasqre, 

ENLARGE, v. t. les-kolem kutiknt. 

ENLARGE, v, L Chines-kutentilshi. 

ENLIGHTEN, ?;. f. Ist. To illuminate, les-galpim, See Ga.1, Galpmi. 

2d. To enlighten the eyes^ les-chgalgalpusem. 

8d. To enlighten the heart, les-chgalp'spudsem; les-kolchgalspuu- 
sem; les-kolshitem i-ks-g^li \\x spuiisz. 

ENORMOUS, a. Tas-tnl. 

ENOUGH, adv, 1st. No more, Tlemi, Tie, 

2d. Nearly, almost, very, G^il. I am good enough, G6il ehin-gest. 
He is crazy enough, G^il: koku^u. That is enough, Tie h6i, 
She h6i, i, e., No more of it. That is enough, that will do, T\e 

ENOUGH, a. 1st. Plenty, Goeit. 2d. A sufficiency, P6tu sh^i. I have 
bread enough, Goeit lu i-snkolp6. I have enough bread, just 
enough, P6tu sh^i \vl i-snkolp6. I have not enough bread, Tas 
goeit \u i-snkolp6f Tam pptu sh6i lu i-8nkolp6. That will be 
enough, Sh^i nem i^otu sh^i. It will not be enough, Ta-ks- 
p6tu sh^i. 

ENOUGH, m For scarcely, G^il n^u ta . . . I have enough to do 
to bear it, G^il n^u tas Ikont^n 2d. I have enough to do there, 
Goeit la ks-kolen Tsh^i. 

ENOUGH! T16'! Tlemi! Hoish,/)?. Hoiui, litt, Stop. 

ENRAGE, See Anger. 

ENRAGED, To be, Chines-ku^ls'chisti, Chines-nku^lsi. See Kuel- 

ENSLAVE, V, t. les-ko^nganem; les-ui^ltera. 

ENTANGLE, v, t. To make one fall in a trap, les azpnunem. See 
Puzzle. Embarrass. 

ENTANGLED, 1st. Hair, Es-chptptopidkan. 

2d. Thread, etc. . . . ialil. 

•M. A fly entangled in ihe cab web, Es-chzpakami, chzpdka; Bs- 
-azpmi, azip. 

ENTER, V, i. 1st. In a house, lodge, habitation, Chines-nolgui. 

2d. Into a town, Chines-nkas^lgui. 

122 ENT 

8d. To sink in mud, sand, etc., Clunes-nishilshi. 
4th, To enter and remain stack, tightly in any hole, Chin^s-nkaemi. 
5th. To enter in an opening, door, mouth of a vial, bottle, tight, 
Chines-kolinka^pi. See Kae. 

6th. To enter, passing through, v. g., through the eye of a needle, 
a door squeezing oneself through, Chines-chiekomi. 

7th My foot cannot enter into that shoe, Ta is-chidkoshin. 
8th. fiiy legs cannot enter into those pants, Ta is-chiakakst'shin. 
9th. My hand cannot enter into that glove, Ta is-chieku^chst. 
10th. The water enters in a canoe or anywhere else by waves 
splashing, Nl^kako. See Lako. 

11th. The water enters my honse by flood, Chin-nt^chlgu. 

12th. To enter into a new year, etc., Chine8-nchizin{i8i. See Arrive. 

13th. To enter deep, as an arrow, ball, Chsnkue^z lu tapniin. I 

have a ball entered in my head, Chsnkueez^men tapemin Vi- 


14th. The water enters by being poured in, Es-nsigugu. 
15th. the water enters by filtering, as rain through a cracked root, 
or light through a window, Es-chslgomiisi. »See hog, 

16th. To enter into oneself Chin-tigu-spuus. 

ENTEK, V. t. 1st. A house, Chine8-n61gui I'zitgu. 

2d. A town, Chines-nkas^lgui Tsniapkdinten. 
3d. To bring in, les-u6lgum, n6lgun. 
4th. To enter a debt, an dccount, les-kaim,Je8-kai8hitem. 
5th. To enter the army, the marriage tttate, etc., is rendered by t<» 
become a soldier, etc. 

6th To enter by the mouth, les-nolgulzeera. 

7th To enter by the ears, les-nolgn^neem, nolgu^neen. We have 

faith entered in us by hearing; Kae-nolguen^mentem \u Bnonin- 

8th To enter by the nose, les-nolguaksem. 

ENTEKTAIN, v. t Ist. To admit to hospitality, les-nolgum. 

2d. To feast, Ies-k6lzinem. To feast people, Chines-kolziltumshi. 

3d. To receive with consideration, Gest ies-azgam. 

4th. to amuse, les-npi^lshtem, or, les-npi^lstem. 

5th. To entertain good or bad feelings, les-ku^stem In saimt, ^^u gest. j 

ENTICE, V, t. 1st. By persuasion, Ies-k6ilem. See Tempt. 


ENT 123 

2d. Bv attracting the heart, ies-zkukuniinem. See Zuk. 

Sd; By seduction, les-chiam. 

4th. Into starting, Ie8-g61em. 

ENTICED, To be, 1st. By persuasion, Chines-k^irii. 

2d. By attraction of the heart, les-zkukununem. 

3d. By seduction, Chines-chi^a. 

4th. To start, Chines-g^jrii. 

ENTIEE, a. Es-milko. Horse or any other male, MelmeIko6pile. 

ENTEAP, V. t, les-azpniinem. 

ENVELOP, V t. Ist. All around, by the composition, Ch — ^ize, as to 

wrap a man all around, les-chpelkuizem. See Fold, Polko. 
2d. All over (not all around), by the composition, Chit— ^ne, as a 
ship enveloped m the mist, that covers it all over, les-ehilu^ku- 
nem. See Cover, Chih 
ENVELOP, Letter, Snlominten Tkaimin; Sntkominten. To put a 

letter in an envelop, Ies-nlo6m. 
ENVIOUS, a, Naimamels, Ohitigut^men. 
ENVY, V. L Ist To feel sad for another's well being, Chines- 

2d. To feel mad, angry at somebody's well being, Chines-naimelsi. 

See lug, Aim. 
KNVY, V, i. les-naimelsem, les-chitiiigtem. 
ENVY, n. The act, Snaimels, S'chiHugt. 
2d. The passion, Naimelsten, s'chitigut^me'n. 
EPILEPTIC, a. Es-tttlemi. Li«., He dies now and then, Es-koko^ui. 
EPIPHANY, n. hu chechetl^e's ililimigum sgalgdlts. 
EQUAL, a. 1, Ezageil. See Agdl. 
2d. Perfectly equal, 1-ezag^il; I am equal to thee, I-chin-ezag6il 

8d. Perfectly equal, J-potu ezageil t . . . We are perfectly equal, 

l-p6tu kae-ezag^il. 
4th. Fit, proportionate, P6tu sh^i. N^ot fit, proportionate, Tas io. 
F]QUAX<, n. Ist. My equal, i-sunkulezag^il,I-snku^^l'emn6u8, l-snku^^- 

2d. My equal in age, I-snkulagaluils. 
3d. My equal in wisdom, l-snkulezagals pagpagt. 
4th. They are equals, Shiim^us, Es-n^^emen^us. 
EQUAL, V, t, 1st. I make them equal, les-shiim^usem. See Sh6i. 
2d. I make it equal to, les-chshiimeusem. 

124 ESC 

3d. I think them equal, les-kolshiim^usero. 

4th. I equal myself to, ChiDes-shiimusziiti 1 . . . 

5th. I equal him, I make myself his equal, les-shiimuszutem. 

EQUIPOISE, V. i. E8-ketemenu6gui. See Ket. 

EQUIVOCAL, a, Ist. Nselselzin, i, e., having double meaning. See 

2d. Equivocal in general, Selsili. 

EKASE, V, t. les-telg^ium, les-gamzim. les-mdum, les-guk^m. 

EKECT, a. Es-echsuish. See Stand, Kaise. 

BKECT, V, i. Ist. See Raise. 2d. To build, Chines-kul'lgui, let*- 

EEELONG, adv. past, Itshen^j iiish^j Tas kasip. 2d. Fut. Ne 
itshen6; ne ^ish^, taks-kasip; ne kuen^. 

ERMINE, s. i^pApkalze, (in winter). Lehim (in summer), on ac- 
count of its changing color. 

ERR, V. i. To be lost, wander, Chines-o6sti. 

2d. To mistake, Chines-oosti, Chines-nselpelsi. See Sil. 

3d. To fall morally, Chines-odsti. 

ERUPTION, n. As of measles, etc.. S'chilozkac. 

ESCAPE, n. 1st. Slgop. 2d. Means of escape, Nlgopstin. I have no 
means of escape, Ta iepl-nlgoptin. Confession is your only 
escape, Snmipemist i-sh6i hiakl-nlgoplin. 

ESCAPE, V, i. 1st. To flee from danger, Chines4gopmi 

2d. To avoid, Chines-goUu^ni, Chines-nlun^lsi. 

3d. To run away from, Chines-t^lkomi, Chines-gutpini. 

4th. To pass unhurt, Chin-gulguilt. 

5th. To pass unnoticed, abscond, Chin-kolnkomisti. 

6th. The trigger escaped, the shot escaped, Lgopinch. 

7th. 1 succeed to flee, to escape from, Is-lgop^l. 

8th. I wish to escape, Chines-nlgop^lsi. 

ESCAPE, V, t, 1st. To flee from one, les-telkominem. 

2d. To flee from danger, rendered thus: He lets me escape, les-lgo- 
pniknem. I cannot escape death, Ta koks-lgopnunems iu 
t'nteHltin, litt,. Death will not let me escape; You cannot es- 
cape death, Tam aks-lgopM lu t'nteHltin; or, Tam kuks-lgopu- 
t6m t'akJ-ntel-iltin. 

3d. To avoid, les-goUu^nem, les-nlun^lsem. 

4th. To avoid seeing a person, Ies-m6nzera. 

5th. 1 can escape, Chin-lgopdtem. 

EVE 125 

, ESCOET, s. S-gazut, S-gucbishinim. 

ESCOET, V. t, les-gaziitem, les-chshinim. 

ESPOUSE, See Marry. 

ESPY, V. t. To see from far, les-tuichem. 

ESSAY, See Try. 

ESSENCE, n. 1st. Skeltich, Though not appropriate, it seems to be 

the nearest word. 

2d. In the particular names, it may be appropriately rendered by 
the substantive abstract. The essence of God, hn Skolinz&- 
ten, i. e. divinity, the being God. Goodness, the being good, hn 

ESTABLISH, Oneself, settle in a place, Chines-kolst61igui,Chine8- 
-lakshilshi, les-kun^m ^^u ik-stoligu. 

ESTEEM, V. t. 1st. To think of great value, les-koUnkuten^ksem. 

2d. To think anything or person supreme, les-nskiizinem. 

3d. To have a great opinion of, les-kuten^lsem. 

4th. To treat with respect, les-azgam, Ies-he6m. 

5th To have an attachment to objects in our possession, les- 


6th. To have an attachment to an object or person not possessed, 

ESTEEM, n. Sazga, Sk^igt, Shedm, Skut^n^ls. 

ETEENAL, a. 1st. Without beginning, Ta ap-s'h6i. 

2d. Without end, Ta K:aep-s'h6i. 

3d. Continual, ceaseless. See Endless. 

ETIQUETTE w. Lu zuut, Lu nk61emen. 

EVAPOEATE, v. L Es-guulemi. 

VAPOE, w. Sguul, I-guiil. 

EVE, n. The day preceeding Sunday or any other day, S'chi^^ee. 

EVEN, a. 1st. Polished, smooth, I-60I. 

2d. Horizontal, unobstructed, as an even prairie, I-shiitle. 

3(1. To become even with no balance of debt or credit, Chines- 
shitlpmi; Chines-nshitlepiisi; Chin-pa^g. 

4th. Even temper, 1-k^im, Kamkemt. 

•"^ih. In an oven tront line; We form an even front line, I-kaes- 

6lh. We are in an even front line, one facing the back of his com- 
panion, I-kaes4pemenzi\ti. See iiip, vShiitte. 

EVEN, V, t: 1st. To make smooth, les-olem. See Plane. 

2(1. To make level, les-shitlim, Tes-shitlepnunem. 

126 EVE 

Sd. To balance accounts, les-nfthitl^pusom. 

EVEN, Eve, evening, s. l8t. The latter part of the day, S'cheliig. 

This evening, /w<. Nc chelug, (before sunset.) 
2d. The beginning of night, Slk^ikal, (after sunset.) This evening, 

Ne k^ikal. 
8d. To reach the evening, to live up to evening, Chines-chil^cbd- 

4th. Evening meal, suppe^, Chines-cheMgui. 
5th. Evening prayer, Nch^umen Ts'cheliig. 
BVENT, See Happen. 
KVENTUALLY, adv. Ne giii. You will eveutually be hung, Xe 

gdi m-chaz^usenzt. 
EVER, See Continually. 
EVERLASTING, See Eternal. 
' RVERY, a, Agal, Emi. 
EVERY Day, Agalaskat. 
EVERY One, Esia. 
. EVERY Part, Es mil ko. 
EVETY Thing, Esia teeste'm. 

EVERY Where, L'es-milko, L'e8-mikom6legu, Ch'e8-milkom61egn. 
EVIDENCE, s. Ist The being evident, I-smii. 
2d. What makes evident, Chmiiten, Chlakotin. 
EVIDENT, a. 1-raii. It is evident to me, I-miisten; It is evident 

to us, Kae-miistem i-kaes-miistem. 
2d. It is evident to the eyes, 1-chmimiis, 
3d. It is evident to my eyes, I see it plainly, les-chmimiusem, ehnii- 

4th, It is evident to my ear, I-s'chmiine. 
5th. It becomes- evident, Es-miipmi, miip. 
6th. It becomes evident to me, les-mipenunem. 
7th. It becomes evident to my eyes, les-chmipusem, chmipusemeii. 
8th. It becomes clear to my hearing, Ies-chmip6nem. 
EVIL, a. T^ie. See Ches. 
EVIL, s. St6ie. 
EWE, s. Golgoal. 
EXACT, V. t, Ies-chs6upilem. 
EXACT, a- Agreeing with a standard, I-potu sh6i* 
EXACTLY So, I-p6tu sh6i. 
EXALT, V, t, 1st. les-nuisselsem. 

BXC 127 

2d. Oneself, ChiDes-nusselszuti, Chines-kiitiszdti. 
EXAMINE, V. t. To test. les-ko^nera. 
2d. To take cognizance, les-ko^nmem, les-chkonmepileni. 
3d. Sxamine oneself, Chines-nlkolkolsinzuti. 
EXAMPLE, s. Ist. A story, Smimii; I will tell jniu an example, 

2d. What is or must be followed, imitated, Nzgo61ten, Xazgaten, 
Zogzogonziiten. See Zog, Azga. 

3d. Bad, good, Nzgo^lton Tt^ie, Nzgo61ten Tgest, 

4th. To give one a good example, les-guiz'shtem t-kl^-nzgo^lt-is 

t'gest. See Zan. 
5th. To follow the example of . . . les-nzuzu^ehsem, les-chshinim. 

See Imitate. 
6th. The giv6r of example, good or b^d, hn zuzuusenzuten Tgest. 



EXCEED, V. t. les-chgozim, Chin-chgo6zt tel . . . 

EXCELLENT, a, Gest, Sisius, Kutiint. 

EXCEPT, adv. Pen ta, Ku td. All except that one, Ksia, u nko lu ta. 
EXCEPT, V. t. Ies-t4mem, Ie8-6zkaeni. 

EXCHANGE, v, t, 1st. To part with, or give one thing for another, 
Ie8-n6igueusem. See Change. 

2d. To trade, les-tomistem. 

EXCITE, r. t. To anger, Ies-chzogo6chstem, les-aimteni, aimtslen. 
EXCLAIM, V, i, Chines-u^ei. 

EXCLAMATION, Of joy, lo ! Of disapproval, Nih ! Of pain, Enu 1 
EXCOMMUNICATE, v. t. Ies-6zkaeni hitcl snchaumen. 
EXCREMENT, s. Men6ch. 

EXCUSE, V, i. 1st. To exculpate, exonerate, los-koleem. 
2d. To apologize, Chines-konkon-szini. 

3d. To find excuses for extenuating one's guilt, Chines-le^neniti, 

4th. To find pretexts for not doing a thing, Cliines-i)agunziiti. 
EXECUTE, V, L Ie8-k61em. 
EXEMPLAR, See Example. 
EXEMPT, V. t. Ies-kolgok6m. 


128 EXP 

BXBKT, Oneself, 1st. In doing something, Ghine8-aitchi8ti,Chine»- 

-ioioszdti, Chines-koilemisti. 
2d. In speaking, Chines-aitzini. 
EXHAUST, See Oonsurae. 
EXHIBIT, V. i. les-kodnem. 

EXHOKT, V. t Ies-zogzog6m, les-nstukanera, les-ehnaukan^pilem. 
2d, Animate, encourage, les-koilzinem*, les-koUchstem. 
EXHOKTATION, s. Snaukaihumsb, Sznaukan, SzogzogHfimsh. 
EXHOKTEE, 5. Zogzogonzuten, N^ukanzdten, SguzogzogHurash, 

EXILE, V, t. les-dzkaem, Ie8-go61em, les-meeminem. 
EXIST, V. i. Ist. To be present, to bo really, Cbines-lzii. 
2d. To live, Cbines gulguilti. See Be. 
EXPAND, Ist. Flowers ex2>anding, Es-ebtelpize. 
2d. Wings, Hands, Es-gupgupmAgani. 
EXPECT, V. t Ist. To wait for, les-tnemt^usem. 
2d. To look for witb some confidence, les-cbtlutludsem, les-tnmu- 

2d. To tbink. See Think. 
EXPECTOKATE, Chine8-nlg6mti. 

EXPEDIENT, a. Gest, 16; Not expedient, Tas gest, Tas io. 
EXPEL, V. t, 1st. In general, les-meeminem, Ies-6zkaem. 
2d. Prom the house, Ies-n6zkaem, Ies-zkamenchin61gum. 
3d. By the hand, Ies-nozka6chstem. 
EXPEND, V, t, 1st. By giving away, no matter for what end, les- 

2d. By consuming, les-z'spenunem. See Consume, Use. 
EXPERIENCE, I have experience. Chines-misziiti. T have expe- 
rience of that, Es-mist6n. 
EXPERIENCE, v. t 1st, To try personally, Tes-kodnem. 
2d. To feel, les-enuenem. See feel. 
3d. To train. See Accustom. 
EXPERT, a. Es-misziiti, Es-mist^s. 
EXPIATE, V. t To extinguish, or fuliy to atone for the penalty of 

a crime, les-nshitlepiisem lu t6ie i-szku^n. 
2d. To make penance for, les-nkolisem. See pray. 
3d. Simply to suffer the consequence of crime, Ies-p4kakam. Ica- 

-uichedmenem, uiche6men. See Uiche. 
EXPIRE, V. i, 1st. To breathe. Chines-popdilshi; Es-ntkolsinzuti. 

EXT 129 

2nd. To die, to draw the last breath, Chines-tlileml. 

8d. To come to an end, terminate, Bs-nptiemiisi. See End. 

EXPLAIN, V. t. 1st. Ies-m6iem, les-nmizinem, Ies4akomim. 

2d. Explain oneself, Chines-nmizinzikti. 

EXPLODE, V. L Es-lgopinchi. 

EXPLOKE, 17. i, Thines-ehes'chisti. Explore, (to try). Chines- 

EXPLOKEK, n. Ches'chist^men, Sguches'chfst. 
EXPOSE, I?, t, 1st. To the view. Ies-ko6nem, les-lakomim. 
2d. To expose oneself to danger, Chines-ehinchinmisziiti. See Chint. 
3d. To divulge what should be kept secret, les-nemi^pem. 
BXPEESS, V. t, 1st. To squeeze out juice, [es-ipem. 
2d. By wringing, as tnilk, les-ko^kodmgum. 

3d. To express an opinion, les-Aum lui-spuiis, Ies-m6iem lui-spuds. 
4th. To send by express, les-kulstem, Ies-chku8t6pilem. 
oth. To represent one by actions. Chines-ag^ik t . . . 
6th. To represent one by the features, I-chin-ezag6ili t . . . 
EXPEESS, n. 1st. In regard to the sender, Sgukultdmsh. 2d. As sent 
to deliver news, S-gumimiim. 3d. As delivering the message^ 
Es-mimimi; Letter-carrier, Sguukulkaimin. 
EXPUNGE, y. t, Tee-gukdm, les-mium. 

EXTEND, See Stretch, Enlarge, Disseminate, Expand, Spread. 
EXTENUATE, v. t. 1st. To make poor, les-liipim. 
2d. To make small, Ies4kukui{imem. 
3d. To diminish, les-tuulim, 

EXTEKIOK, External, 1st. The exterior side, or part of anything 

but pertaining to it, iiU chilk^ltich. 
2d. The external things surrounding an object, but not belonging 
to it, Ch61zkae. See Outside, Extreme. 

EXTERMINATE, v. t les-chu^ushilshem, leszspndnem. 

EXTINCT; a. Es4^p8. Race extinct, Z'sip. 

EXTINGUISH, V. t. Ies-I6psem, 

EXTRA, See Over and Above. 

EXTRACT, See Take out. Pull. 

EXTRACTION, n. Origin, Golchemusem. 

EXTREME, Extremity, Ist. Chem. See Chem. 

2d. The utmost point, insuperable, NhipAks. See -Lde. 

3d. The last, Ez^ut. See But. 

4lh. Insupportable, Tastdl. 


180 EYE 

EXUDE, V. t. Ist. Sweat, lee-chskuiltem. 

2d. Trees exuding liquids, gum, Aiip, Es-aupini, Es-chaupalko. 

The peeled tree exudes pitch, iiU l^kominten es-ehaupalk 


EXULT, V, i, Chines-npi^lsi. 

EYE, s. 1st. S'chkutMsten. PL, S'ehkutkutldsten. 

2d. Eye lid. S'chupus. Fh S'chupupds. 

3d. Eye brow, Spline, FL Spzpl^ne. 

5lh. Eye pearl, T have a .... Chines-chpaks; Both, Chines 

5th. Black eye, Ikoiko^iks. 
6th. White eye, I-chpkapiks: 
7th. Bed eye, by anger, I-chkulkuilks. 
8th. Bed eyes, blood-shot, I-chtlumtl urns. 
9th. Grey eyes, I-chpapaas. 
10th. Small eyes, I-dhlzizimiise. 
11th. Big eyes, Chkutkoteniise. 
12th. I have keen, sharp eyes, Chines-chiuiuus. 
13th. I have feeble eyes, Chin-chzogzogotiis. 
14th. Eyes for seeing, Chilkukukiis. 
15th. Near sight is, Tas-chilkukukus. 

16th. Sore eyed, Chin-chzalus. Of both eyes, Chines-ehzazalus. 
I7th. 1 medicate the . . . les-chmaliusem. 
18th. My eyes grow better, Chin-chmeMs, Chin-chtoul^is. 
19th. My eyes are cured, Chines-chpapagus. 
20th. Squint-eyed, Es-chpelpelchiis. 
21st. One eyed, Che chilinkds. 
22d. One eye lost, Ntkus. 
23d. One eye covered, either with veil oi cataract, Es-chguept*. 

Both eyes, Es-chgupgu6ps. 

24th. One eye veiled, Es-niligds. Both eyes, Es-nililigus. I veil 
his eyes, Ies-iligi\sem. 

25th. One eye lost by puncture or disease, the eye-ball consumedj 
Chines-ntkus; Both eyes, Chines-ntikutikus. 

59th, I keep my eyes half closed, Chines-nzimzimos. 

27th I close my eyes making wrinkles, straining the lids, Cbines- 

-nzipsi, chines-nzipzips. 
28th. I open my eyes, Chines-chgalg^lsi. 

BYE 131 

2Sth, I open his eyes, give him the sight, les-chgalgalpusem. 

80th. I raise my eyes, Chines-chshteshtemiisi. 

81st. I keep down my eyes, Chines-chemlemlusi. 

82(1. I lower my eyes, look down, cast down, Chines-ehishilshil- 

88d. I pluck out one of his eyes, les-ntkusera. 
84th. My eye is swelled, Chin-chskus; Both eyes, Chin-chskuskus. 

If swelled, Chin-chpop6us; The inside swelling, Nskuskiis. 
:^5th. Swelled eyes and face by weeping, Chin-chagkupk6in. See 

36th. My eye is filled with dust, Chines-chpoksi. 
37th. To throw dust in his eyes, Ie8-chp6ksem. 
38th. 1 hold my eyes fixed on him, les-chtemtusem, les- 

39th. I throw my eyes away in order not to see, Chin-zkamnus. 
40th. I throw my eyes away from him, les-zkamnushtem; les- 

m^nzem'm, menzemen. 
EYE, r. t les-azgam. 
EYE-GLASS, n. izgamen. 
EYE-SIGHT, w. Ntlutluiisten. 
EYE- WATER, n. S'chmaluiiisten. 
EYE-WITNESS, n. Chin-chmimiis. See Mii. 



FABLE, n. Skolliimt. 

FABLE, V, t, les-kollumtem. 

FABRICATE, v. L 1st. To put together, les-mimim. 2d. To make, 

FACE, n Skutlus. PL Skutkutlus. 
Itit. Small face, £ikukuimus. 
2d. Large face, Lkaiis. 
3d. Ugly face, Cwsus. 

■^th. Beautiful face, Gesiis, Suinumt, Uinemtstus. 
5th. Swoolen face, Skiis. 
^th. Swoolen by crying, P^us. 
^th. Quiet face, I-k6ims. 


182 FAC 

8th. Sour face, Hens. I make a sour face to him, les-lendsem, 

9th, Soiled face with mud, I-mals. Soiled face with dost, I-kols. 
Soiled with colors, etc., l-p&as. Soiled face with greasy filth, 
I-Uus, See Look, Eye. 

10th. To make faces to one, les-p^isem. One making faces, P^ipiB. 

11th. Face changing, pale, etc., Tigulemiis. 

12th. Face poor, lean, Liipilks. 

13th. Brass faced, ]N'ioi66s. 

FACE, n. Ist. Presence, Smilchm^ls. You steal right in my pres- 
ence, hxL rismilchra^ls u ku-nako. I stand in your face, 
Ku-ies-miltshelsh^lsem. I lie before your face, Ku-ies-milt- 

FACE, V, t 1st. Chines-ntagoldsi ch . . . I fac6 the wind, Chij)- 
-ntagolds ch-sneut. 

2d. To face the enemy, les-chntagoldsem lu shem^n. 
8d. To face one another, Kaes-ntagolsemenuegui. 
FACE-CLOTH, n. For a corpse, Niligdstcn. 
FACETIOUS, a. Bs-np6spzin. 
FACT, n. 1st. What is done, Skol, Szkol. 
2d, What happened. S-ezVchen. 
3d. Keality, It is a fact, On6gu, Sh^i. 
FACTOK, n. Sgukolem, Sguchitim. 

FACULTY, w. 1st, Power to act,Niopieiiten. See Ask, Permission. 
FADE, r. i. 1st. To diminish, Chines-tuulmi. 
2d. To grow weak, Chines-zgupmi. 
3d. The color of his face is fading, Tigulemds. 
FAIL, V, i. Is^. To fall short, Chines-kuHuini. See Tuin. 
2d. To be left unassisted, v. g,, I fail to receive what was distributed 
to others, Chin-toniis. See Tuin. 

8d. To leave incomplete, v. g,j I fail to sow all ray land, Chin- 
-tundlegu. I fail to finish the dress, Chin-tonalks. I fail feed- 
ing my guests, Chin-ntundp. 
4th. To fall away, decline. See Fade, Extinct. ^ / 
5th. Not to do, not to go. Kendered by Ta. It failed to i' ruin. Tas 
tipdis. j^ 

6th. If denoting the inability, with the Ta use the ve rb of saccesH. 
He failed to do that, Tas k'lndis. (From les-k'lu 6nem, I suc- 


PAl 133 

ceed in doing that). He failed to see it, Tasuchndis, See Suc- 
ceed. He failed to cut it with the ax, Tas shelnuis. In gene- 
ral, Tas-lkont^n. 
7th. To miss, les-sichem. 

8th. To become broken, bankrupt, Chin-ku^^gutip. 
FAINT, V. t Ist, To swoon, Chin-oospuiis, Chines-ttilemi, Chin- 

-cbilguspuus, Chin-chemipspuiis, Chin-selselmHiimsh. 
2d.. To become despondent, Ohin-emshkanemist. 
3d. To disappear, Chines-ch6o. 
FAIR, a. Gest, Igal. Fair weather, Es-gesdskati. 
FAITH, n. 1st. Snoningu6n6ten. See Believe. 
2d. For confidence, Nmuselsten, Snoningu6n^ten. I have faith in 
you, Ku-ios-nmuselsem, Ku-ies-kuten^lsem, Ku-ie8-ntku61sem- 
istem. . 

FAITHFUL, a. 1st. To b^ trusted, Mselsdten. 
2d. Firm in his attachment to God, etc., On6gu. I am faithful to 

you, L'anui u chin-on^gu. 
3d. True, Onfegu. 

FAITHFUL, s. A christian, Chochomiil, Epl-koiiilks, Epl-zudt. 
FAITHLESS, a. 1st. Unbeliever, Keikeisemul, Tap-snoninguen- 

2d. Untrue to his promise, Ikoist^men, Tk'tdkat, Tk'takzin. 
FALL, V. L 1st. To come down frihi a higher position, Chines- 

2d. To detach itself from an object and fall, as fruits, Chines- 

3d. Fruits fall from the tree, Es-chtoukami, Chtu^k. 
4th. Leaves fall from the tree, Es-chtouk^lpi. 
5th. Dry branches falling off, Es-toukami lu nchai^kan. 
6th. A tree falls, or any object standing on its basis, Es-kozchmi. 

»See Kozich. Timber fallen in a road, Es-nkozkozch^ks. 
7th. A tree falls down, in regard to fall and lay down, Es-chiz'zemi. 
See Chize. Kozich means the falling, the quitting the upright 
position. Chize, means the horizontal position it takes. 
8th. Trees (in pi.) falling down, Es-pnemi, Es-pin. See Pin. 
dth. A man falling, loosing his upright position^ and falling to an 

horizontal, Chines-tkokomi. See Tok. 
10th. Grains, stones, flour flail, Bs-pkokomi, Pkoko. See Poko. 
11th. Water falls in drops, Es-aupmi. See Au, Es-sigugumi, Sigug. 

134 FALL 

Waterfalls in waves splashing, Es-l a kokomi, lakoko. 
12th. Kain falls, E8-ti[)^i8i. The ruin diminishes, Es-ui^isi, Es- 


13th. Wind falls, abates, E8-k6iii. 

I4th. The stream falls into the main river, Bs-chiilip, Es-chiilpmi. 

The stream diminishes, El-suu. The stream falls in a steep 

cascade, Es-tlag6tiku. 

16th. The house falls, Bs-mzkami, Mzak. 1 make the house fall, 
Ie8-mzk6m, Mzkant^n lu zitgu. 

16th. The fence falls, Es-mzkami, as before, 15th. 

17th. The birds fail in the trap. Es-I^kshilshi Tazmin. 

18th. Beaver and other aquatic animals fall in the trap, Es-nte- 
shilshi Tazmin. 

19th. Animals in general falling into a trap, Es-ntdshilshi Tazmin. 

20th. Earth falling, crumbling, Es-tompmi, Temip. Earth falling 
in a well, ditch, shaft, Es-ntempmi. iSee Tim. 

21st. Clothes and the like falling on the ground, Es-tkarai. See Tak. 

22d. To fall in water, to fall overboard, Chines-tipdtikui. A stand- 
ing tree falls in the water, Es-nkuzch^tikui. Earth falling in 
the water, Es-ntemp^tikui. 

23d. To fall in the fire from on high, Chines-ntipiisi. To fall in the 
fire, by losing the upright Jjosition, Chines-ntkokusi. 

24th. To fall upon is rendered by the verb analagous, prefixing the 
prep: Chil. I fall from on high upon him, les-chiHip6nem. I, 
from a standing position, fall upon him, slip upon him, les- 
-chiltkoku^nem. I (of a tree standing) fall upon him, les- 
chilkozch^nem. I (of a house) fall upon him, les-chilmzkenem. 
I (of wood not standing) fall upon him, les-chilchiz'z^nem. 1 
(of fruits) fall upon him, les-chiltouk^nem. I (of rain) fall 
upon him, Te8-chiHipeis6nem. I (of sunlight) fall upon him, 
* les-chil^kukull^nem. T (of snow ) fall upon him, les- 
-chilmgo6nem. I ( of earth ) fall upon him, les-chiHemp^- 
nem. 1 (of water) fell upon him, les-chilsigugunem. 1 {of 
stones, gr^-in) fall upon him, les-chilpkoko^nem. I (of night) 
., f^H. upoi) nhijri, les-chilchlgu^nem. I (of morning light) fall 
upon him, les-chilgalp^nem. 1 (of spring) fall upon him, les- 
-c^iitimm^nem. I (of anything that falling strikes) fall upon 
him, les-chiHe^nem. See Tee. 

FALL 135 

These and hundreds of the like are more used in the passive. The 
morning falls upon me, Chin-chilgalp^ne. The sunlight falls 
upon me, Chin-chi}kukull6ne. The stone fell, striking me, 
Chin-chiHe^ne. See Chil. A tree fell npon me, Chin-chil-- 
kozeh6ne. A log, a cross fell upon nae, Chin-chilchiz'z6ne. The 
house fell upon me, Chin-chilemzk^ne. It fell upon me from 
on high, Chin-chiltipdne. 
25ih. To fall into a hole, Chineg-nloopmi. To fall into a water- 
hole, Chines-nlop^tiku. To fall into a fire-hole, Ohines-nlopds. 
26th. To come to destruction, Chines-h6i. 

27th. To diminish, to fall oif gradually, Chines-shiitdlkoi. You 
fell oif in your love ot reading, of praying, Shiitalkomehtga 
lu nchaumen, \n kaimin. 
28th. To fall off of prices, Nlkukuimaksuilsh, Tiip. There is no 

more sale of furs, they fell off, Che ta ep sne^ishi sipi. 
29th. To tall, to be ruined, Chin-kuHiip, Chin-kuJgutip, Chin-h6i. 
30th. To fall into sin, Chin-tk6ko lu I't^ie. 

3l8t. To fall into the hands, possession, either by gift, sale, etc., 
Ies-chtku-ku6pem. This house fell to my lot, into my hands, 
Chtkuku^penem i6 zitgu. Of animals. Ies-chtshelsh6pem. 
The red horse fell to my hands, Chtshelsh^pemen lu ikuil. 
See Bequeath. 
32d. It falls from my lips, 6zkael:u tel i-spelimenzin. 
33d. To fall away from church, to apostatize, Chines-nelkouszuti, 

Ies-go61em lu snchaumen, Chines-kolgokouszuti. 
34th. To fall down before one, on his knees, les-chkoishenem. 
35th. To fall down before one flat. Chines-lumen dsi. 
36th. To fall, to agree, les-nshi^lsem, Chin-zi\ti, sh^i. 
37th. To fall upon, to attack, les-chguiszutem. 
38th. To fall short. See Fail. 

39th. To fall into an error, Chines-selpmi. See Sel. 
PALL, s. 1st. Autumn, S'che^i. See Che^i. 
2d. A Sater-fall, Stlag61iku. 

3d. The fall of mankind, Lu sgutemszuts lu sk61igu. 
4th. The fall of Jerusalem, Lu nh6itis, hi kolgo^ritis hi Jerusalem. 
FALLACIOUS, u. Tk'tdkat. See Tak. 
FALLIBLE, a. 1st. Liable to deceive, Selsilpt. See Sel. 
2d. Liable to be deceived, Selip'p. Not liable to be deceived, Ta 

136 PAM 

3d. Fallible in his judgment, Nselpelsdtem. Infallible, Ta-ks- 

4th/FaIlible in his words, Nselp^uskan. 
FALLING, Sickness, 5. Es-tkokoluisi, Es-Uilemi. 
FALSE, a, 1st. Uttering falsehoods, Ikoist^men. 
2d. Not faithful to his obligations, as false Iriend, Tktakat, Ntk'- 

takazin. My wife proved false to me, Ko-tkakauiiis t'in- 

-n6gonog, Ko-choin-zutemis t'in-nogonog. 
3d. False gold, Skamlululim. False teeth, Skamlgal^gu. False 

currency, Skamlkaimin. 
4th. Crooked, Es-dlko, Es-tisku. 
5th, Not well founded, dnbious. See Dubious. 
6th. it proves false, it is not so, Ku ta. 

7th. False appearance. See Fein, Play. To put on a false appear- 
ance, Chines-paganzuti. 
FALSIFY, V. t. A record by writing in something, les-nkai^usem. 
FALTEB, V, i. The legH, Chines-chteltelesushinzdti. 
FAME, s, Ist. The public report, Smimii. 
2d. The name, reputation, Sku^st. To denigrate ope's fame, Ics- 

-kaesiniiltem lu sku^sts. 
FAMILY, 5. 1st. A lodge with its inmates, Nko^lgu. Of the samf 

family, Nkolnko^lgu. 
2d. A married couple, Lu sngongu^us. Of married couple of the 

same family, Nkolngonogu^usentem. PL, Sngonguelis. 
3d. Also of the children together, Sgusgult^us. PL, Sgusgultelis. 

Of the children of the same family, Nkosgusgult^us. 
4th. One family, Nkds, Nkoaksus. Two families, Aslaksus. Three 

families, Chalaksi^s. Four families, M's'ksds. Five families, 

5th. Descendants, Sgusigult, Sogu6p. I have no family, Ta iep- 

')tb. Ascendants, Sgolchemiisschin, Sgushiit, Pogpogot. David was 

his forefather, he was of the family of David, David ha egol- 

chemdsshis. David was his antecessor, Sgushiis hi David. 

See Antecessor. 
FAMINE, 8. S'chikskam^iten. 
FAMOUS, a. Sisiiis. 
FAN, s. 1st. Any instrument to cool one's self, Graaminien, Gagaii- 

sten. See Gaa. 

PAR 187 

2d. For winnowing grain, Sngnkn^nsten, as fanning mill. 

PAN, V. t. Ist. To cool one's self by agitating the air, Chine&- 

2d. To fan another person, les-^a^senk. See Qs&, 
3d. To fan grains, winnowing, les-ngoka^usera. 
FANG, Claws or talon, Stegt^gshin. The hind-fiamg, Zelzol^pshin. 
FANCY-WORK, on shoes, les-chilkalcfeinshinfmv lesrchilkaichin- 

FANCY SHOES, S^obitkolkdlchinsliin: 
FANCY LEGGINS, S'chkolkdlkstshin. 
FANCY-WORK, Embroidery, Bs^chkol. 
FAB^ a. 1st. Lk6t. 2d. See Opposite, Enemy, Extromie. 
FAB, adv. 1st To a great extent, Kntiint, Mi^, We are ikr distant 

from each other, Kut^nt kae»-lkot6]is, Mil kaes-lkot^ns. 
2d. To a great distance in time or space. Lkot, Mil Ikot. 
3d. In great part, Geil-n6'u. The day is fair spent, GeiL-n^u h6i 4u 

sgalgdlt. See Nearly, Almost. 
4th. By a great deal. Mil. God is far greater than man, Eolinzii- 

ten mil kntilknt hi tel sk^ligu; or, Lk6t,. Kat4nt. 
5th. Far off in the prairie, wilderness, or sea, Ch^nm. See Ch^nm. 
5th. Far-sighted, Es-chiilkiuiilks. 
7th. Far-hearing, Es-chiai^ne. 
8th. Far-smelling, Uiuin^ks. 
PARE-WELL, adv. Gest sgalgAlt. 
FARM, s. Snk61katen. 
FARM, V. i. Chines-kolkai. 
FARM, V. t. Ie8-k61kam. 
PARMER, s. Sguk61ka. 
PARTHER, adv. Zi-eh-zii, Lu-ch-H. 
FARTHEST, a. 1st. Lkot, hn ikot tel esii. 2d. Extreme. See 

FASHION, s. Nk61emen,Zuiit. At the fashion of . . . Ezag^il t . . 

See As, Way. 
FAST, a. 1st. Not loose, firm, Zenz^nt, Es-zAnem, Es-zdn. To be- 
come fast, Es-znpmd, znmdp. Fast attached to another, 
2d. Quick worker, Koimkomt, Guaguadt. 
3d. Quick walker, Koitkolt, TlAgt. 
4th. Fast talker, Ntlagzin. 

188 FAT 

5tb. Fast friend to death, Kapenzdten See Kap. 

6th. Fast, quick, impulsive, Tlagt, Aip.] 

FAST, adv. Tlagt. Firmly. See Fasten. 

FAST, 8. The fasting, S'ehskam^lten. 

FAST, V. i. Chines-ckskam^lteni. 

FASTEN, V, t 1st. To make firm, immovable, les-z^nem. 

2d. To attach firmly to another, les-snpsiusem. 

3d. To fasten the door with a lock, les-koHnznm^pem. 

4th. To fasten a door with a bolt, les-kolinzigopem. 

6th. To fasten with nails, los-lpgomim. 

6th. To fasten with ropes, les-lchim. 

7th. To fasten on a cross with nails, les-milchptptkominalkom. 

8th. To fasten one object on another high, les-chshalim. 

FASTEN, V. i. 1st. Chines-znpmd, Zn^p. 

2d. To grab, les-chinim. 

3d. To hold, les-ku^stem. 

FASTIDIOUS, a. Difficult to be suited, Ta-ep-schz-'h6m. 
FAT, s. Skozt. 
FAT, Fatten, v. t les-kozim. 
FATAL, a. Nteliltin. 
FATHEE, s. 1st. Pogot, pLy fogpogot. 
2d. Said only by a man, Le^u,;>Z., Lel^u. 
3d. Said only by a woman, M6stum. 
6th. Ancestor. See Ancestor. 
6th. Spiritual father, God-father, Pog6t. 
FATHER-IN-LAW, 1st. Sgag^e. 
2d. Wife's or husband's grand-father, Chi^lt. 
FATHERLESS, a. Chitem^pile. 

FATHOM, s. Six feet measure, Sgo^pchst, Nko sgoepehst, Ess^l 

FATHOM, V. i. les-silkgumem. 
FATIGUE, 8. See Tired. 
FAULT, 8. 1st. Suiluilt. 
2d. Moral fault, Sulemsziiti. See Uil. 
3d. To find fault, les-chilikonem. 

4tli. To throw the fault on another, les-chsguizshem. See Guizsh. 

FAULTLESS, a. Ta-epl-esuiluilt, Ta-eps-zuelemszut. 

FAVOR, s. Ist. Kind regard, friendly disposition, Snges^ls, S'chge- 

FBA 139 

8U8. See ges. I find favor in his eyes, Ko-es-chgesdsems, 
2d. A kind act received, Snkonin. 

3d. A kind act done to others, SnkonHumsh, SnkonHiimshten. 
4th. A gift received through charity, Snkonin. 
5th. Partiality, Bias. See Side. 

6th. Protection, etc. By the power of. See the verb Favor. 
l^AVOR, V, t, Ist. To engage with favor, les-chges^lsem, les- 

2d. To have the disposition to aid, les-nkonneminem. 
3d. To countenance, les-ngaztiisem. 
4th. To be friend, les-kolscldgtem, les-kapim. 
5th. To assist; as, the wind favored us, les-chz'h^m'm, Ko-chz'- 

h^mis t'sn^ut. See Zehem. 
FAVORABLE, a. Ncheh^mten. 
FAWN, s. Spapichakan. 
FEAR, s. Sng^l, Szng^l. 

FEAR, V, L 1st. To be in danger, Chines-ng^li. 
2d. To apprehend danger or evil, Chines-chinti. 
3d. To be over-awed, emban-assed. Chines-iamini, Chines-iaiask^li- 

gui. See la, lem. 
FEAR, V, t. To apprehend anything as dangerous or evil, les- 

-ng^lem; so, we fear God or sin. 
2d. To be embarrassed with someone of over-bearing manners, les- 
-iaminem: This means that we are not free^ but in constraint. 
3d. To mistrust one. les-keiiisem. 

4th. To fear for one, being really anxious, les-ng^lcmshtem. 
5th. To fear, to be shy, as a wild colt, les-uakaminem: To keep 

away from a person. 
6th. To be ashamed to see one, les-zeesheminem. 
FEARFUL, a, 1st. Full of alarms, Ngal^men. 
2d. Inspiring fear, Ngallutem, Ngalgalsniig. 

3d. One over-awed, in constraint with the people, laiaskaligudmen. 
4th. One inspiring constraint, laiasnug, lai^t. 
5th. Shy, wild as a wild colt, TJdtkaukt. 
6th. Bashful, Zeesh6men. 
FEARFULLY, Frightfully, adv. Tastii4. 
I PEARFULNBSS, s. 1st. The state of being timid, Sngal^raen. 
2d. The causing fear, Sngalldtem. 

140 FEE 

i^'EABLBSSy a, EntispuAs, laiaspuds, Sisids, Lchelicbet. See Brave. 

FEASIBLE, a. Kolldtem. Not feasible, Tas-Koimtem. 

FEAST, s. EntdDt sgalg^lt, Npot6ten. •egalg^lt. A festive meal, 
Snipes, Skolsinzdt. 

FEAST, V. i. To eat sumptuously, Chines-ntpusi, Cbines-kolsinziiti. 

FEAST, V. t. Ies-k61zinem; To give a feast to tbe people, Chiues- 

FEATHER, s. Ist SkapAsel; pi, Skapkapiisel. See Plume. 

2d. Tbe beard of featber, Cbkolp^ne. 

3d. Small featbers, Spurn. 

4tb. To pull off tbe featbers, les-lkem. 

FEATURE, s. See Face. 

Fee, 8. As received, Sgikaka, S'cbgdkapile: As paid, Sgakaltdm- 

sbten, Cbgakapil^ten. 
FEE, V, L les-gikam, les-ebgdkapilem. 
PEEBLE, a. 1st. Wanting in strengtb, I-zdg. To become feeble, 

Cbines-zgupmi. Feeble-sigbted, Zugzugus. 
2d. Easily overcome. Broken, lit^tiim. To grow feeble, Chines- 

-Hetiimdilsbi. Feeble rope, iiletim^p. See Delicate. 
3d. Small, as ffeeble voice, Chines4kukui6zini, and is rendered 

witb tbe diminution. He is feeble in walking, Es-lgoigusti: 

Feeble in working, Es4k6koli. 
FEED, V, i, 1st. Oneself, man, or beast. Cbines-ileni. 
2d. Animals, out in tbe prairie feeding, grazing, Es-gatlulegui. 
3d. To feed upon, les-ilinem. 

FEED, V. t. Ist. To give food to, to nourisb, Ies-s6mtem. 
2d. To distribute food, les-milem iu siilen; To ration. 
3d, To supply witb food or anytbing else, Tes-milem. 
4tb. To give an article in food, les-eminsbem: I feed out bay lo the 

borses, les-eminsbem lu supdlegu Tsnebilzask^gae. 
5tb. I feed animals, Cbin-amskdigae. 
6tb. I feed my cbildren, Chin-emndlt. 
PEED, 5. 1st. Wbat is eaten by beasts, Salrinemskagae. 
2d. Wbat is given or accepted in food, Semmin. Wbat is given in 

food to me, or wbat I give to otbers, I-semmin. 

FEEDER, s. Sgumilem. 

PEEL, V. L 1st. Cbines-enu^ni. I feel well, I-cbin-gest. I feel 

sick, I-cbin-zdl, Ta-i-8g6s. I feel vexed, Cbin-aimt. 
FEEL, 17. t. 1st. Ies-enu6nem. 
2d. See Smell, Taste. 

FBI 141 


3d. I feel it good, les-gesteminem. I feel it sore, les-zaleminem. I 
feel him bad, les-chesteml^nem. I feelgood toward one, Chines- 
Dg^selsi. 1 feel good towards him, les-ng^selsem, I feel bad 
towards him, les-neh^selsem. 
N. B. les-gesteminem and the similar verbs in minem indicate the 
status oi the object felt. les-ng^elsem, an the like, indicate 
the status of the person feeling. The first refers to the instru- 
mental form of the verb; the latter to the volitive form. 

4th. To feel by the touch, les-taktak^m. 

FEEI^INGS, pi Spuds. 

FEIGN, V. t. To pretend, to put on a fiilse appearance, to counter- 
- feit, rendered by — 6iei. 

1st. To feign to be sick, Ohines-zazal^iei. 

2d. To feign to be sleeping, Chines-enez^h^iei. 

3d. To feign to be a Iriend, Chines-lgalgat^iei, les-lgalgat^iem, 

4th. 1 feign to be a woman, CbiQes-mem6iei, Chines-medmi. 

5tb. I feign to be a man, Chines-kalkaltmugu^iei. 

6th. I feign to be married (man), Obines-ngonogu6iei. 

7th. I feign to be married (woman), Chines-galgalu^iet. 

8tb. I feign to be chief, Chines-ililimgu^iei. 

9ih. 1 feign to cough, Ohines-oogonst^iei. 

10th. [ feign to be lame, CJ^ines-teltelgunzt^iei. 

lltb. I feign to be deaf, dRies-ntaktakaneszilkt. 

12th. I feign to be dead, Ohines-teltell^iei. 

13th. I feign to be drunk, Chtnes-kokou^i. 

14th. I feign to be an Indian, Chines-skalignszdti, Chin-kalk61igttdiei. 

16th. I feign to be an American, Chines-suipsziiti. 

16th. I feign to be good, Chines-gest'szuti. 

17th. I feign to scare people, Chines-ngalgalszdt. 

18th. I feign to weep, Chines-zkozkoko6iei. 

19th. I feign to be still, Chines-kakam^iei, hence I fish with a hook. 

FEIGN, V, i. Ohines-paganzdti; to dissemble, see Play. 

FELL. V. t. By the saw, les-nichepem. 

2d. By the axe, les-shel^pem, Ut.^ To cut at the stump. 

FELLOW, 8. 1st. One who follow^ follower, Sgazdt, See com- 

2d. An adherent, Shemen^us. 

3d. An accomplice. See accomplice. 


1 1: 



4th. An equal in power, rank, condition, is renderd by Nka pre- 
fixed to the quality held in common. In general: My fellow, 
one like me, I-senknlchiniks. My fellow, my equal, my like, 
I-senkulezag6il. My fellow man, my neighbor, l-senku^kal- 
temigu. My fellow woman, I-senknsme^m. My fellow boj, 
I-senkultituit. My fellow girl, I-senkulsheshCitem. My fellow 
chief, I-Renkuhlimigum. 

5th. One of a pair, a mate; must be rendered by Nku, prefixed to 
the copulative or reciprocal: My consort, my fellow married, 
my mate, Insenkulngonogu^us. My fellow yoked, tied; sup- 
posing the two to bo yoked or tied to-gether, I-senkulaz^us. 
My fellow soldier, fighter; The one with whom I fight the 
enemy, l-senkulsgupelstu6gu. My fellow friend; if they love 
one another, l-senkulgamench6us. My fellow enemy, if tboy 
hate one another, 1-senkul^amist^ns. 

6th. One of ours doing anything, is rendered by Sgu prefixed: My 
absent fellow, l-8gu-ch6. My dead fellow, I-sgu-tlil, not 
my fellow dead, which should be rendered, hu i-i-senkulllil. 
My stealing fellow, l-sgu-ndko. He is my fellow thiet, com- 
panion in stealing, I-senkulnako^men. My crazy fellow, l-sgu- 
psdkie. My fellow crazy, 1-senkulpsdie. My working fellow, 
I-sgu-k61em. My fellow made, l-senkulk61. My married fel- 
low, 1-sgu-ngonogueus. My fel^^ married, my consort, 
I-senkulngonogu^us. My born fwRw, my child, I-sgu-sigult. 
My fellow born, my brother, I-senkusigu. 

FEMALE, s, Sme^m: For animals, Smdmshin. 

FENCE, s, 1st. Field fence, Skol'6go: The materials of such fence, 

2d. Fence around the house, or chancel, railing, Chogzenzuten, 

8d. Fence arouud a corral, Kologosk^gaeten. 

FENCE, V. t 1st. Ies-kol:og6m, les-ogom, les-chogoizem. 

2d. Fence, a corral, Chines-kologosk^gaei. 

FEROCIOUS, a. Guds. 

FERRY, 17. t 1st. les-laapim, les-niekom. 

2d. To carry one across, les-niekodsem. 

FERRY, V. i. Chines-laapmi, Chines-niekomi. 

FERRY-BOAT, s, Sti*em, Niekotin, Nlaaptin. 

FERRY-MAN, s, Sgu-laapim, Sgu-ni6ko. 

FESTER, V. i. Bs-chestuilshi. 

FET 143 

FETCH, V. i, Ist. To go and bring, Tes-zu^tem. 

2d. To go and bring provisions, Cbine8-zu6ti. 

3d. To go and bring water, Cbines-kulmuli. 

4th. To go and bring my child, Chines-zu^elti. 

5th. To go and bring a horse, Chines-zuet'sk^gaoi. 

6th. Simply to bring. See Bring. 

7th. To make one do anything, is rendered by the final — unem af- 
fixed to the verb. 1 fetch him to, I prevail on him, les- 
-kolnunem, les-lkondnem. I drag him, I fetch him to by 
dragging, les-zkukuniinem. I fetch that horse to, 1 succeed 

in catching him, les-azpniinem. See Succeed. 
FETJD, a. See Smell, Stink. 

FETTER, s. Azmin, Lchmin, In as much as used to fetter: Azminten 
Ichminten, in regard to the fettered. 

FETTER, V. t. Ist les-lchim, les-azim. 

2d. To stop, to restrain from motion, les-tlilpim, Ies,geenim. 

FETUS, s. Es-ntoko. 

FEVER, Ist. Sztla^ka.. To be with fever, I-chin-tlaaka. 

FEW, a. 1st. In general, liiiet. 

2d. For persons, Chldet. 

3d. To become few, to diminish in number. Chines4uetuilshi. 

4th. Few days, liuasAkat. 

FICKLE, See Changeable. 

FIDDLE, s. ChgoAkonchten, Chgodtkonch, Chgoa. 

FIDDLE, r. L Chines-chgoikonchi. 

FIDDLER, 8, Sgu-chgodkonch. 

FIE, Fy ! exl, Pum ! Nih ! 

FIELD, 5. Ist, Farm, Snk61katen. 

2d. Field of battle, Snpelstu6guten. 

3d. Open field, Chtch^um. 

FIEND, 5. Shemdn. Sgo6lemen. 

FIERCE, a. Guas, Gusos, See Guas. 

FIFE, 8, And other mouth-instruments of music, Chilgo^lko. See 
Log. ^ 

FIFTEENTH, Lu ks'dpen-el-zil; per8., Lu ks'6pen-el-chzilzil. 

FIFTH, pers. Klchzilzil. 

FIFTY, a. Zilchl6pon. Fifty days, Zilchlopenchstaskat. 

FIGHT, V. i, 1st. A real fight, Chines-pelstu^gui. 

2d. To contend by blows, Chines- tidikoti. 

Bd. To oppose^ to act in opposition, Chines-eutiisi. See Adversary. 

144 FIG 

FIGHT, r. t. To carry on a conflict with one, les-nknl^pelstu^gum, 

pelstn^-gumen, Ies-ti4kotem, ti^kotemen. 
2d. To beat, to win one, les-lkbm, lkont6n, les-p^sem. 
3d. To cause others to fight, as to fight cocks, Ies-pelsta6gam. 
4th. To fight a dael^ Eaes-chuksmenu^gui. 
FIGHT. 8. Spelstu^gu, Sti^kot. 
FIGHTEB, s. 1st One that likes to fight, Tikot^men. 
2d. One that fights, Sgupelstn^n, Sgnti^kot. 
FIGHTmG, My fighting mate, I-nkaai>elBta6gamen. 
FIGXJ6E, s, Ist. The form of anything, image, Skol^kau. 
3d. A number, S'chsi6n. 
4th. A tjrpe, embl Nem,kolsugum6ten. Abel was a figure of J. 

0. crucified, Abel nkolsugam^tis iu J. C. es-chptptkomindlko. 
FIGUEB, V. t 1st To draw, les-kolkahn. 
2d. To embellish, Ies-chk61em. 

3d. To express by numbers, les-chsi^nem, Chines-chsi^ni. 
4th. To prefigure, les-tkolsdgumem. The ark of Noah figured the 

Church, Noah tli^es tkolsdgum^is lu sinehAum6n. 
FILE, s. Ist See Line. 
2d. File, Go^komen. 
FILE, 1/. t. Ies-go4kom. 
FILE, V. L 1st Chines-go^koi. The file does not file, Tasgoakoko. 

That steel cannot be filed, Tas-go^koko. 
FILL, V. i. 1st Chines-ko^zti. 
2d. To fill a glass, Chines-nm^li. 
3d. To be crowded. See Crowd. 
FILL, V. t. To make full, Ies-ko6zt;m, ko^zsten. 
2d. To satiate, Ies-mk6nchem. 
3d. To fill a hole, les-nl^kasem. 

4th. To fill a bag with grains or anything roundish, Ies-npk6m. 
5th. To fill with water or liquids, les-nsigum, les-nmilklem. 
6th. To fill the water, les-nko^zkum. 
7th. To fill a pipe, Chines-ntakami, Chines-ntk^i. 
tPlLLIP, V. t. les-tomchim. 
FILTBE, V. L Es-ehslgomiisi. See XiOg. 
FILTH, See Dirty. 

FILTHY, a. 1st. Inside, Es-nches^lze, as a filthy soul. 
2d. Outside, all around, Es-chehesize. 
FINALLY, ado. Lsiz. 

FIK 1145 

FIND, V, i, Ist. To meet a person or object unlooked for, Ich- 

2d. To see something unexpected, les-nichem 

3d. To find a lost object, leles-uicbera. 

4th. To find out, To perceive, les-kaetmipendnem, lesrchsnmi^pent. 

5th. To furnish, les-tigum. I found a riding-hose, Chin-tigulncheni- 
teusten. I found ahorse for him, Tigushten t'kinchemt^usiis. 

6th. To feel, to know by experience, is rendered by the verbal 
— minem, or menem, acd^ding to the accent. I find it good, 
les-gesteminem. I find him good for nothing, Ie8-g6ptemencr>i. 

7th. To find fault with one, les-chittkonem. 

FINE, a. 1st. Beautiful, Gest, I-potu-sh6i. 

2d. Small, slender, as thread, ^kakeit. 

3d. Not coarse, as flour, ashes, i<t't6ko. Let it be very fine, l-ks- 
~l:t't6koi. It becomes fine, as dust, ashes, Es-to-komlshi. 

FINEEY, s. Chazenzuten. See Adorn, Fancy. 

FINGEK, s. 1st. In general, Chclsh. 

2d. Thumb, Stumchst. 

8d. Fore-finger, Z6komen. 

4th. Annular, Chiss^gam. 

5th. Small finger, T'tauk^inchst. 

6th. To dip the finger in water, Chines-nlochist^tikui. 

7th. To place the finger in a hole, Chines-nlochistiisi. See Loo, 

FINISH, V. t. To put an end to, les-hoiem. See End. 

2d. To complete, les-uim, uist^n. 

3d. To Complete a work, Chines-ui^chsti. 

4th. To complete a house, Ohines-ui^lgui. 

5th. To complete eating, eating the whole, les-uizinem. 

6th. To finish a fellow at one blow, les-ikumt^chstem. 

7th. In composition, XJis prefixed to the verb, and it makes a regu- 
lar verb. I finish eating, Ohines-uis-il:eni. I finished eatinii:, 
Chin-uis-ilen. I will finish eating, Nem chin-uis-ilen. When 

I shall finish eating, Ne chin-uis-ilen. 
FIR, Tree, s. Ko61zen. 

l^IRE, 5. Solshizten. Fire-place, Snolshizten. In composition, — us is 

affixed to the other component. 

2d. Blazing, burning fire, Solip. See ul. 

3d. Large fire, Chkutenus. 

4th. Small fire, Chlkukuimus. 

146 FIR 

5th. To be on fire, barning, Chines-nlpmi. Seo Bum. 

6th. Thepiairie, field, grass, wool, hair is on fire, Es-paapmi. 

7th. My fire is going out, Chipe8-16p8i. See ijee, 

8th. To set oat the fire, Ies46psera. 

9th. To set fire to, les-nlim, les-uldseni. 

10th. To set fire to a heep, les-nol^nsem. 

11th. To set fire to a prairie, wool, etc.. (es-pa^m. 

12th To set fire from the top, v. ^.^ghting candles, les-eboluseni. 

13th. To make fire, Chines-oliis, CRies-olshizti. 

14th. To make a big fire, Chines-chkutenusi. 

15th. To make a small fire, Chines4kakuimdsi, Chin6s4oldsi. 

16th. To place wood on the fire, Chines-chkamini. See Ramin. 

17th, To poke the fire, Chines-chk61si. 

18th. I have no fire, Chines46p8. 

19th. I ask some fire, Chines-ku^npi. 

20th. To take some fire in order to light a fire in my house, Chines- 

21st. To put a kettle at the fire, by hanging it, les-nshaldseui. 
22d. To put a kettle at the fire, not by hanging, but by resting on 

the ground, or stove, les-nzkadsem. 
23d. To remove a kettle from the fire, les-nzkiisem. 
24th. To pull out of the fire, les-nkutlrdsem. See Kuitl. 
25th. To put in the fire, les-ntkdsem. See Tok. 
26th. To put one stick in the fire, les-nchizdsem. See Chiz. 
27th. To lay several sticks in the fire, les-npeniisem. See Pio. 
28th. To fall in the fire from on high, Chines-ntiipdsi. 
29th. To fall in the fire from a standing position, Chines-tkokdsi. 
30th. To fall into a fire-hole, or a cavern of fire, Chines-nloopusi. 
31st. To throw into the fire, les-nzkamndsem, les-neskolusem, *«'' 

many things. 
32d. To throw into a fire-hole, les-nlousem. See L6o. 
33d. ^N^ear the fire, L'sgami^s. 
34th. 1 set by the fire, Cbines-nlkalshdsi. 
35th. I withdraw from the fire, Chiaes-nushelsdsi. 
36th. Fire-dogs, Nzelzellg6sten, they that are planted in the house 

by the fire. 
37th. Consumed by the fire, Cham {is, Chamip. See Aam. 
3Sth. I consume it by fire, les-chamusem. 
39th. To strike fire with matches, Chines-pdgai. 

pm 147 

4l8t. To fire one shot, Chin-nkokan^l. To Are two shots, Chin- 

42d. To fire a gun, Chines-tapsk^ligui. 
43d. To fire at one, les-tapim. 

FIRE, V, L To take fire, Es-olshizti. 

2d. To shoot, Chines-tapsk^ligui. 

3d. To be on fire, or burn with rage, Ohines-ulpmi, Chines*ku61s'- 

PIRB-BRAND, s. See Brand. 

PTRB-MAN, 5. 1st. For making fire, Sgu-uluseni. 

2d. For extinguishing fires, Sgu-t^psera. 

FIRE- WOOD, 5. S'chkamin. 

FIRM, a, Ist. Fixed, steady, I-zan. What become fixed, Znap. 
Habitually firm, Zenzdnt. 

2d. Hard, compact, I-tas, T'sap, Tlizt. 

3d. Unyielding, strong, loiot. A man of* firm resolution or char- 
acter, I6iospuiis. • 

4tb. Persevering, Iku^mtem. 

FIRMNESS, s. 1st. Of character, Sioiospuiis. 

2nd. Constancy, perse verence, Siku6mtem. 

FIRST, a. 1st. 01 a series, Es-shiit. I go first. Chines-shiitemi, 

2d. First in dignity, Es-nshiizin. 

FIRST, adv, L'es-shiit. 

FIRST-BORN, Es-shiitemish^lt. 

FIRST-CLASS, First-rate. Es-nshiizin gest. 

PISH, s. 1st. Su^ul. Head of a fish, Sulaiakan. The fishes more 
known are : 1st. Salmon, Smlich; Head of salmon, Smlchai- 
dikan. 2d. Poor salmon, in the fall, 8'chilue, 3d. Gum^ne; his 
head, Gumaidkan. 4th. Salmon trout, Aizchst. 5th. Small sal- 
mon trout, ^aizchst. 6th. Crab,Z6iga. 7th. Oyster, SkukuUne. 
8th. Kukuenchin. 9th. iikokoiups. 10th. Trout, Pisl. 11th, A 
bony fish, Chil^ne. 12th. St'tema. 13th. Upupzin. 14th. iikalai- 
kat. 16th. Nzlzlichen. 16th. Kiiku6ichin. 17th. Skukuiche. 
18th. P^lrue. 19th. Nt'tge. 20th. Sturgeon, Szemtus. 21st. 
Tortoise, Spelku^. 

FISH, V, i, let. Angling with the hook, Chines-kakam^iei. 
2d. With net, Chines-mdli. 

•M. Making trenches in the stream with green branches, Chines- 

. ( 

148 PIS 

4Ui. To fish making trencheB in the stream with dry woods. Chines- 

5th. To fish darting the fish with a spear, les-nililichinem. 

6th. To catch fish effectually, Chin-tgusu^li, Chin-tgusu6ni. 

7th. To catch no fish, I fish nothing, Ta is-chnku^, Ta is-chnku61ze, 

8th. I catch plenty fish, Chin-chgoe^lze. 

FISHEE, s. KakameienzCiten, M'lenzuten. 

FISHEKMAN, s. 1st. With hooks, Sgukakam6ie. 

2d. With nets, Sgum{i]em. 

3d. In general, Sgutgusu^li, Sgutgusu^ne. 

FISH-HOOK, 5. Kakam^ie, Kakam^ieten. 

FIST, s. Melku6chst. See Milko. To show the fist to a fellow, les- 

FIST, V. t les-zuiim. 

FISTI-OUFFS, Stiikot, Szuunu^ga. 

FIT, a. Ist. Adapted, Potu-sh^i. 

2d. Decent, 16, Gest. 

FIT, V, t. 1st. To make adapted, Ies-k6lem, ks-p6ta-shdi. 

2d. To he sai table to, ls*ch-z'h6m, it suits me. See Z'hem. 

8d. To prepare. See Prepare. 

FIVE, s. Ist. imp. Zil. 

2d. pers, Chzilzil. 

3d. In Composition, Zilchst — . 

-Ith. Five days, Zilchstdskat. 

5th. Five times, Zilchist61egu. 

6ih. Five hundred, Zilchstkan. 

7th. Four five dollar pieces, four five, Mus-zilzil. 

FIX, n. I am in a bad fix, Chin-konkoint, Chines-i6mmi. 

FIX, V, t, 1st. To make firm, les-zdnem. 

2<I. To determine, les-chzogu^pi-lem, les-tgomim. 

3d. To keep the eyes fixed on, les-chkaspdsem. 

4lh. To fix the eyes on, les-dzgam. 

5th. To arrange in good shape, Ies-k6lem, Iets-k61em. 

6tli. To put together pieces of a machine, etc., les-mimim. 

7ih. To implant. See Plant. 

8th. To transfix. Pierce, Ies4uiim, les-lgo^usem. Ies-chiz6u8em. 

FIX, V, i, Ist. To settle, Chines-kolst61igui, Chines-ldshilshi, Chincs- 

fashilshi, Chines-emdti. 
2 i. To become firm, steady, Chines-znpraa, Chin-zn^p. 

FLA 14ft 

FIXINGS, 5. l8t. The way of doing, Nk61emen. 

2d. The materials for, K61emen. 

3d. Ornaments, Chazenzdten. 

FIjAG, s. S'ehaz6u8. Ist. To raise the flag, Ghines-chazdusi. 

2d. To elevate the flag, les-shiteraim lu s'chaz6u8, as to plant it 

3d. To carry the flag, Chines-kuil:s'chaz6usi. 
4th. Flag-bearer, Es-kuUs'chaz^us. 
FLiAME, s, Solip. 
FLAME, V. L Es-ulpmi, Es-olshizt. 
FLASH, r. ^. As light flashing against a wall, mountain, etc., les- 

FLAT, a. Ist. Level, without protuberance, I-shitl:. 
2d. Lying at full length, to lay flat, Chines-tkomi, Chines-toko, PL^ 

3d. One piece of wood flat on the ground, Es-chize. Of several 

pieces, Es-pin. See Put, Place, Lay. 
4th. Insipid, I-guis. 

6th. To feel flat, Chines-pspma, Chin-psdp. 

FLAT, s. 1st. A low tract of land. Es-t6ko. 

2d. The flat, as opposed to the narrow, sharp edge, I-llAka, hkkaX, 

FLAT, V, i. 1st. Of tumors yielding, Es-psm^, Psas, Es-p^z'zi, 

FLATTEN, v. t. Ies-p6zem. 

FLAT-HEADS, s. Indian tribe, S61ish. Literally, Es-paziakan. 

FLAT-IRONS, s. Pazten, P^zmen. 

FLATTER, v. t. les-koleguegukdnem. SeeBgukunem. 

FLATTERER, s. Koteguegukunzuten. 

FLAVOR, s. Both for the smelling and taste, Spugp^lka. See 

FLAW, 8. See Fault, Crack. 

FLAX s. Spezen. 

FLAY, V. t See Skin. 

PLEA, 5. Kutkuitelp. 

FLEE, V. i. Chines-telkomi. 

FLEECE, s. Spiim. 

FLEET, a. Koilkolt, Tlagt. 

FLESH, s. Sk61tich. See Meat. 

FLEXIBLE, a. I-zol. 

PLIGHT, s. 1st. The Fleeing, Sztel6ko, Szgutip. 

150 FLO 

2d. Put to flight, les-telkdm, les-telkomim. 
FLIMSY, a, l-tenemds. 

FLING, V, f. les-zkaminem. See Cast, Throw. 
FLINT, s. Snzlfe!, Snzl^lflten; lit,y what is planted on the arrow or 


FLOAT, V. i. Ist. To remain still on the surface of water, not to 
sink. Of one piece of wood, Es-chilehiz6tikni. See Chize. Of 
several pieces of wood, Es-chilpn^tikui. See Pin. Of clothes, 
hay, etc., Es-chiltk^tikui. See Tak. Of a canoe, kettles, Es- 
-ehilzk^tikui. See Zak. Of grains, Bs-chilpko6tikui. See Poko. 
Of a man, Chines-chiHko^tikui. Of a man swimming, pur- 
posely remaining still, Es-chiHkotikunzdti. See Place, Put, 
Raft, as the meaning of all is to be placed on the water. 

2d. To move gently on the water, Chines-peipmi. See Pel. 

FLOAT, V. i. To cause to remain on the surface of the water, 
without sinking; of one piece of wood, les-chilchiz^tikum. Of 
several pieces of wood, les-chilpn^tikum. Of a canoe, les- 
-chilzk^tiknm. Of a man, les-chiHko^tikum. Of Clothes, les- 
-chiHk^tikum. Of a raft, Ies-chil:che6tikum, See Chee. 

2d. To cause to be carried by water, les-pelpndnem. 
FLOG, V. t. 1st. With rods, les-spim, Ies-nsp61isem. 
2d. With whips, Ies4zim, Ies-nlz61isem. 
FLOOD, 8. Ist. The overflowing, St6chet. 

2d. The being covered by water, Es-chilmelp6ne. See Techet, 

FLOOD, V, L Ist. The water, or any one flooding a country les- 

2d. Causing the water to overflow, Ies-chilmelp6nem. 

FLOOR, 5. 1st. The ground itself, inside of a room, Lkotililegu. 

2d. The plank-floor, the lower floor, Szgal^lp, Gal^lpten. 

3d. The upper floor, Chilgaleminten, Es-chilg^l. 

4th. Plank floor, not in a house, Es-galdlegui, Galiileguten. 

FLOOR, V. i, Chines-gal61pi, Chines-chil'galemi. 

FLOOR, V, L les-gal^lpem, les-chilgalim, les-galiilegum. 

FLOUR, s, 1st. Szgo^ko, Sgo^ko. See Goako. 

2d. Shorts. I-zich. 

8d. Bran, Es-nz's6u8. 

POL 151 


40th. To strike fire by rubbiDg sticks together, Chines-gulkupi. 

FLOW. 17. i. Ist- Of liquids pouring out, Es-aupmi, Es-sigugu. 

2d. Of streams, Es-moopmi, (from AAp). 

3d. Of tears flowing from the eyes, Es-chauaupds. 

4th. Of blood flowing in the inside of the body, Ea-ngust^lze. 

5th. Of blood flowing from the nose, etc. Es-mMlemi. 

6th. Of irrigating ditches, Es-nmop^usi. 

FIjOWEE, 5. Sze^ko. To go after flowers, Chines-cbsze^koi. 

FIjUCTUATB, v. i. 1st. Chines-idti. 

2d- To be undecided, Chines-i^mmi, Chines-seHemini. 

FLiXJE, s. Snolshi. 

FLiUME, s. Chilm6p, Chilmopalko, 

PIjXJSH, V, i. To become red in the face on a sudden, Chines- 

FLUTE, s, Chlgodlko. See liOg. 

FLUX, 5. Morbid evacuations, Sp&z. See Hemorrhage. 
FLY, V, i. Chines-tugti,j|Z., Kaes-goeemi. 
FLY, V. L To shun. Se^^i^oid. 
FLY, s. Gam^lteni. Ox-fly, Chdtn'lka. 
FOAL, V. L Es-tku^lti: 

FOAM, s, Chilpos^tiku. Horse mouth foam, Spoos. See Po/>8. 
FOE, s. Shem^n. 

FOG, 8. S'hemip. Foggy, a, Es-hempmi, Es-hemip. 
FOLD, V, t. 1st. To envelop, as a bundle, les-polkom. 
. 2d. To double, as a sheet of paper, shirts, les-pnim, los-npneusem. 
See Pin. 

3d. To fold one's arms, Chines-nkakandgani t'chelsh. 
4th. To fold one's legs, one on the other, Chines-ehkakatusakst- 

FOLDED. Es-chpelkoize, Es-npn^us. 
FOLKS, 1st. Sk61igu. 

FOTjLOW, v. i, 1st to attach one's self to a person, party, I'hines- 
-chshinmi, les-chshinim. See Shin. 

2d. To accompany as a'*helper, les-gazdtem. 

3d. To go with one as an equal, Ies-sheraenu6gum. 

4th. To go, to be with one, Chines-nshdi. See sh6i. 

5th. To follow one's tracks, Ies-nshiust6pem, l<#-nshiusl8hiiKMn. 

6th. To pursue one, les-nguiem. 

152 • POO 

7th. To be close at one's back, Ics-nsgamichinem. 

8th. To go behind one, les-eut^pem. 

9th. To imitate. See imitate, Example. 

19th. To result from, rendered by the adverb Eudrat 

11th. To succeed. See Succeed. 

FOLLOWER, s. Chishinzdten, Sgaz6t. 

FOLLOWING, S'chshin, Nchshintin. I have no following, no 
suite, no one to follow me, Ta iephnchshintin. 

FOLLY, 8. Sps^ie. 

FOND, a, 1st. 1 am fond of, les-guminem. 

2d. I am fond of food, les-gumm^ksem. 

3d. I »m tond of an object or person in my possession, les-k^igtem. 
See Kag. 

4th. I am fond of something which I wish to get, les-kaguminera. 

FOOD, s, 1st. In general, Siilen. 

2d. What is given in food, Semin. 

3d. To take food, Chines-ilreni. To takejjttle food, Chines-nkaezi- 
ni. To get food, Chincs-tiguzini. To Vg food, Chines-ngalizini. 
To buy food, Chiues-t6nzini. 

FOOL, a. 1st. Psaie, Ikoku6u. 

2d. To play the fool, Chines-aganzi^ti. 

3d. To act as a fool, Chines-kolsps^ie. 

4th. To treat one as a fool, les-kolsps^iem, Ies*chkoku6chsteni. 

5th. To speak as a fool, Chines-kokn6ttzini. 

FOOL, 1?. f. les-chposdchstem. To fool by words, les-poszinem 

FOOL, V. i. Chines-posz^ni. 

FOOT, 8. 1st. Of man, animals, Szooshin. In composition, — shin. 
I have a nice foot, Ohines-chzalshinmi. I have a frost-bitten 
foot, Chines-ugshinmi. I have frost-bitten toes, Chines- 
zuzni6chsti. 1 withdraw my foot, Chines-kazshinmi. I wash 
my foot. Chines-z^ushini. I tie a foot, Chines-chaz'shfnmi. 
Cloven-footed, as cattle, Es-nkaii\s'shin; pL, Es-nkaikaius'shin, 
Es-ntliitlii, as they are sharpened at fthe end. Bound footed, 
as horses, Es-ieli4Ishin. One foot, Chskot'shin. The upper 
part of the toot, S'chilcheraichenshin. The lower, under part 
of the foot,^nchemichen8hin. The ankle of the foot, Skol- 
chemzinshin. The knuckle of the foot, Smkozinshin. The tip 
of the foot, Snlch^chmkan. The hind part of the foot, the 

FOR 153 

beel, ^'chem^pshin. The fore-feet, Szee^e^chst* On© fore-foot, 
8ze6oh8t. Small foot, Chlkukuiumephija. Largie fopt, CWka- 
shin. Bear's, Bird's, Chicken's feet, Es-tagtigshin. See Claws. 
Two-footed biped, Ches^lshin. Four-footed, Cfmiu^sbin* 
^d. Foot of a mountain, Kolch'cheraulegu. 

5id. Fpot of a tree, S'ehera6p. lu composition, — 6p. 1 cut ^ tree 
^t the foot with an axe, Chines-shel^pi. I st^d at ^he foot of 
a tree, cross, Chines-checbsushdpi. 

4 th. Foot, measure, Szoosbin. 

5th. To be a foot, Chines-gustolegui. To walk on foot, Id. To pass 
on foot, fording a river, Cliines-ngustdtikui. 

FOOT-BRIDGE, Bs-nchiz6us. 

POOT-MARK, Foot-print, Sgditen, Es-zupi6ut }u s^ozosbin. 

FOR, prep. 1st. Whoj^ meaning possession, is ?*endered by the sub- 
junctive form of the pronoun or noun. Is it for ^e? "A ikl- 
-koi6." It is for thee, "Ak^anui." It is for hiip, "^t-?5nilz." |^ it for 
us?*' A kaeki^-kaempild?" The bouse is for me, **lkt-zitg^." The 
blanket is for thee,"AW-'sizem." The hat is for him, "!^l-ko4z- 
kais." For whom is it? "Kl-su^t." 

It is evident that the literal meaning is this : Sh^Il I bave it piine? 
1 shall have the house mine, etc. 

1 1 is for thy good, "Aklr-ngestin.'j It is for rpy punishment, "IJcJ-ngu^- 

2d. For the benefit or the detriment oi any one, is rendered Y^ith 
the verb relative. (A.) When the person for \yhou[i the action 
is performed is indefinite, and the tbi^g doi^e is also inde^nit^, 
use the indefinite form, — shi, if the verb has not tbe acqent on 
the last syllable; and tbe form — shisbi, if tbe accent is on ^he 
last syllable. I work for others, not specifying for whom, 
"Cbines-kolshi,*' from Chines-k61i. I write for others, '^Chines- 
-kaishisbi," trom Chines-kaimi.(B.) When th^ person for whom 
the action is performed is indefinite, but the thing 4one is 
definite, use the form — shemor — shishem, according tp the acj- 
cent. I make this canoe for others, (not for viyself),"^e8-k6lshem 
i^ tli6e." I write this letter for others, ^'les-kaisjiishem id kaim- 
in." (C) When the person for whom tbe action is performed is 
definite, but the tiling is indefinite, use the form — shtem, if the 
accent ie not on the last; or — shitem, if the accent i^ on the 
last. I work for Peter, (not specifying ^'^hat ^ind of work), 

154 FOR 

"Ies-k6l8hteni Pierre." I write for Paul, "les-kaishitem Paul." 
(D.) When both the poraon for whom the action is performed, 
and the thing done are definite, use the form — Item, if the 
accent is not on the last, and — lt6m if the accent is on the last. 
I make this canoe for the chief, "Ics-korHem i6 tlie6 l^u ilimi- 
gdm." 1 write this down tor Paul, "les-kailt^m l^u Paul." 

3d. For, on account, by reason, meaning the motive of the action, 
is rendered commonly by Gol, but properly by Ch prefixed to 
the verb. 1 am mad for you, on your account, "Chin-aimt gol 
auui," better, "Anui u ku-ies-ehaimtem." 1 am tired for him, for 
my bread, "Znilz u ies-chdigotem, les-ch^igotem \n ik-snkolp6." 
Why are you mad at me?"Gol-stdm u ko-chaimtemntgu?" I;am 
sorry for my sins, '*0hin-pupus6nch h\ gol i-szku^n t6ie," bet- 
ter: Hes-chpupus^nchem in t6ie iszku^a*^' I come for yon to 
see you, ''Ku-ies-chguiera :" For what purpose do you come? 
What do you want? "Ku-es-ch-stem? St6m lu as-chguicm ?" 1 
come for food, for water, "Chines-chsiileni, Chines-ch-s'(^ulkui." 

4th. For, meaning the direction. See To. 

5th. For, instead of. See Instead. 

6th. For, the year or time of an action, Gol, L. For ever, Goi-ta- 

8th. O for, Komi. O for a mansion in heaven! Komi chikaep-snlzii- 
ten iu rs'chichem^skat! 

For, conj,, N6H. Fear not, for 1 am with you, Ta kuksng^li, n^li 

FORBEAR, V. i, 1st. Forbear from proceeding, Chin-eHam. 

2d. To keep one's self in check, Chines-iomenzdti. See lo. 

3d. To have patience, Chines-niu^lsi. ^ 

4th. To control oneself, Chines-geeazuti. See les-geenim. 

FORBEAR, V. t, 1st. To abstain from, Ies-p6teem. I abstain from 
meat, from women, '*Ies-p6teem lu sk^ltich, lu sme^m." 

2d. To treat with indulgence, patience, les-niualsem. 

FORBEARANCE, s. 1st. The act of patience, Sniu^ls. See lo. 

2d. The habit of patience, Sniduiois. 

FORBEARING, a. Niauiols. 

FORBID, V, i, 1st. A person, les-geenim^ les-chgaen6pilem. 

2d. A thing, les-chsgeenim. 

3d. That thing to that person, Ies-chsgeilt6m, Ie8-chgaen6pileheni. 

FORBIDDEN, a. Szchgaendpile. 

FOR 155 

FORCE, s. Sioiot. To do anything by force, is rendered by the 
final — niinera affixed to each verb. To hold by force, "les- 
-konunem." See Ku6n. To catchjby force, "les-aznunem." To 
throw down by force, *'Ie8-tkokonunem." To do it by force, 
" les-koluiinem." 

FORCE, V. i. Ist. To compel, ies-lchemim, les-aizinem. 

2d. To offer violence, les-dlem. 

3d. To press upon, to overpower, les-pizem. See Piz. 

4th. Td ravish, les-nikom. 

5th. To force one's st-lf, Chines-aizti, Chines-ioioszuti, Uhin^s- 

FORCIBLE, a, Ist. Posessing force, Ioi6t, Sisids, Lchel^chet. 

2d. Oppressive, Pizpizt. 

FORD, s. The place or means of fording, Sniekotin. 

FORD, V, t. les-niekom. 

FORD, V, L Chines-niekomi, Chines-ngustetikui. 

FORE, adv. Rendered by the present tense prefixed to the verb, 
as in the following verbs : 

FORE- ADMONISH, v. L les-t-ziinem. 

PORE-ARM, V, /. Chines-t-ngazdlzi. 

FORE-BODE, y, L 1st. Foretell, les-t-mdiera. 

2d. Fore-know, les-t-inimiim. 

PORE-CAST, V, t To plan before action, les-kuM-pag^m. 

FORE-FATHER, Sgushiit, Pogpogot. 

PORE-GO, To go before, les-tgdiem. 

PORE-HEAD s. S'chilrchem6shin. See Chem. In composition, 
Chii — shin. I pour water on the tore-head, "les-ehil-sigushinem.*' 

POREIGN, a. Tigulem. 

PORE-LAND, S'chgoii6. 

PORE-LOCK s, Snchemusi^s. 1 catch him by the fore-lock, les- 

PORE-SEE, V. t les-t-uichem. 
POREST, s. Nko6zt, Eszlzil. 
PORE-RUNNER, Sgushiit,Golshitu8ten. 
PORE-TASTE, v. t les-t-enu^nem. 
PORE-TELL, V. L les-t-m^iem. 
PORE-THOUGHT, a. Es-kuM-pag6m. 
FOREVER, adv, Tshi6us, P6ntich, Te-kaep-8-h6i. 
FORFEIT, V. t les-tlegupem, tlegdpemen. 
FORGE, 5. Snolshi. 
PORGE, r. t See Make, Feign. 

168 FOR 

POKGET, V. t les-nt^tem. See hee- 

FOEGBTPUL, a. mept^men. 

PORGIVB, V, t. Ist. The debt, offence, sin, les-kolj^o^lem, leth 

chs'hoiem, les-'chankonneminein. 
2d. The person, les-nkonneminem, les-nku4^ihemtudgum. 
3d. The debt, offense to the debtor, offended, sinner, les-kolgoel- 

Item, les-ehs'h6iHeni, les-chsnkonnemiHem, les-chs'gaiflhera. 

4th. Porgive one another, Kaes-ihemta6gui, Kaes-gestshita^gai. 

5th. Porgive one another our debts, offences, Kaes-c4i'sgazshta6guiu. 

PORGIVBNBSS, s. 1st. The act of forgiving, Szkolgo^l. 

2d. The power of forgiving, Szkolgo6l. 

PORK, 8. Ist. Of a tree, Es-nk6iu8. 

2d. Of a road, Bs-ngukupusdks. 

8d. Of a river, Ngaknpns^tikii. 

4th. Hay-fork, Nkeik^ius, if it has more than two prongs; Cbii- 

&th. Table-fork, <Loniinten. 

PORK, V. i. 1st. Hay, wheat, piercing with a fork, les-chs'lkuui, 

chs'lkunt^n. I succeed in forking it, les-chs'^kukuinlltiiein. 

2d. Pork meat at table, Chines-lekapeini. 

PORLORN, a. Chitemipile. 

PORM, V. t. les-kolem. 

PORM, V. i. Ohines-k^rU. 

PORNICATE, V. i. 1st. les-kun^m lu chech6t t6ie. See Adulteiy. 

2d, les-n^kom lu skaltemigu, kn snledm. 

PORSA!^, 17. t. les-diiludnem. See ^u^n, les-go^lem, Ta ies-ch- 

PORSOOTH. adv. N6*i. 
PORT, 5. Smito. 
PORTH, adv. Bs-tagolAs. 
PORTITUBE, 5. Sioi6t, Niopi^uten. 

PORTXJNATE, a. I am fortunate, Chin-lemmiszut, Ko-es-gOBtshi- 
tem. See Luck. 

PORTY, num. M'sl6pen. 

PORWARD, adv. Usually rendered by t prefixed to the verb. I 
go forward, "Chin-t-gAi." 

PORWARD, a. 1st. In front, Bs-shiit, 

2d. Eager, earnest, Koilkolt. 

PORWARD, n. t. To send forward, les-t-guiem les-guiem, les- 
-kulstem les-t-kdlstcm. 

FOeTER-SISTBR, SgusnDe^m, 
FOSTER-SON, Skusde. 
FOUL, a. See Dirty, Farorable, Unfavovable. 
FOUNDATION, 5., 1st. Storie, hn ea^kolp6ko, 
2d. Foundation of single log, Es-kolchii]Be. 
8d. Foundation of several logs, Es-kolptne. 
4tb. Foundation of one block, Es-kokhite. 

5tb. Foundation of several blocks^ Bs-kolzile. I naake the founda- 
tion, les-kolpkdm, les-kolchizim, les-kolpnim, los-kolshitira^ 
FOUNTAIN, 8. 08ka;6tiku. 

FOUR, a. 1st. Impers., Miis. 2d. Pers., Chihuseni. 8d. Four dayn, 
M6skat. Four times, M'sl6gu« 

FOUR-FOOTED, Chmiwabin, 


FOURTEEN, a. 6pen-el-mii8. 

FOURTH, a. hn ksmds. On the fourth day, ^i-ksiiidakat, or hn 
moskatilsb, if past^ if future, Ne Ksmos^atikb, lit, when the 
fourth day was growing, or will be growing'. 

FO WL, 8. E8-guegu6e, See Bird. 

FOWL, V. L Chines-tatapmi. 

FOX, 5. GuaguAligu. 

FOX-HAT, Guagu^ligukan. 

FRACTION, 8. Elm&u. One and a fraction, Nko u elinau. T<;n and 
a fvlletion o^ ten, 6pien u elkh^u. 

FRACTURE, 8. Kaoptin. 

FRACTURE, v. t. See Break. 

b'RAGMENT, 8. 1st. In general, Lu ei9-m4u; pLy hix es-moinau. 

2d. Fragment of food, S'chamaudks. 

3d. Fragment of glass, Chteltelpt^n. 

4th. Fragment of cloth, Chchalmin. 

FRAGRANT, a. Bs-ges^lka, Es-pngp^lka. 

FRAIL, a. iitaiim. 

FRAME, 8, Of pictures, etc., Chemprointen, Chchempize^ten. 

FRAME) V. i., les-ohempim, les-chemchen^pisem. 

t5S FKE 

P^UATERNIZB, v. i. Chines-kolsinzei, les-kolsinaeem; of female^j, 

les-kolz'zadpsem. We fraternize with each other, Kae»-kol- 

PRAUD, 8. To practice fraud, Chinee-koili. 
FRECKLED, Face, Es-gu^gos. Freckled fore-head, Es-chH^gua- 

goshin. Freckled breast, Ep-chgudgozch. 
FREE, a. Ist. I am free, Ne tik-apuds. I am free to go,Netik-8puu8, 

m-chin-guist. 1 am free to go wherever I please, Ne-ispuus 

checheu chiks-gil^i, chsh^i. 
2d. Liberated, E^-ta^l (if the person was in chain); El-6zkae, (it the 

person was in confinement.) 
Hd. Free with his money, goods, Pep^et. 
FREE, V. t, Ist. To liberate from chain, le^es-talim. 
2d. To liberate from jail, Ieles-6zkaem. 
3d. To liberate from death or captivity, Ies-koltk6m. 
FREEZE, V. s. 1st. Of liquids, Es-nimpm^. Nim^p. See Imp. 
2d. Of potatoes, wood, ground, solids, Es-sdlti. See Sul. 
3d. Of animals' limbs, Chines-ugti. See ug. 
4th. Of the whole animal, Chines-chiliguradsi. 
FREEZE, V. t Of liquids, les-nimp^m. 
2d. Of solids^ les-sdltem, sdlt'sten. 
3d. Of animals' limbs, Ies-6gtem. 
FREIGHT, 5. Ist. What is freighted, Szdkum. 
2d. What is paid for freighting, Szchg^kapile. 
FREIGHTER, s. Sguiikum. 
FRENCHMAN, s. S6me. 
FREQUENT; a. Ist. Goeit. 
2d. Most commonly, rendered by the verb frequentative, ending in 

— luisi. I often go, "Chines-guiluisi." I frequently walk, "Chi- 

3d. Also rendered by the verb continuate, when indicating the habit 

or power of doing anything. 
FRESH, a. Ist. Recent, Siz. 

2d. Rendered in vigor, brisk, I-milHgols. See ^egu. 
3d. Cool. See Cool, Freeze. 
4th. Meet or fish, Kal61ze. 
6th. Vigorous, I-gus. 
FRESHET, s. Stechet. 
FRET, V. i. To be vexed, Chines-nchgut't^lsi, Chines-koltkap^Isi. 

FBI 159 

FRICTION, s. Ist. To make fire by friction, Chines-gdlkupi. 

2d. To make light by friction, v, g,, with maches, Chines-pagai. 

FRIDAY, 5. Tigulzilchstiskat, Zilchst^skat. 

FRIEND, 5. Ist. not enemy, Snkadligu. 

2d. My intimate comrade whom I love, l-seldgt. See Lagt. My 
friend who loves me, Ko-seldgts. This means true friendship 
between equals. 

3d. One whom I love, In-gamdnch. One who loves me, K<>- 

-gam^nchis. This applies to any friendship, love. 

4th. My friend to death, In-k6pe. See kep. 

5th. My friend made in a glorious feat ot war, l8-z6koi. 

'>th. My fHend, meaning the reciprocality, I-sinku4^gamench^u8. 

7th. My favorer, In-chchemten, In-nkonnemenzuten, In-olkshis- 

FRIGHT, s. Sng61. 

PKIGHTEN, t;. t. les-ngalgdlem. 

FRINGE, t;. L Ie8-zozo6m. 

FRINGED, pari. Es-zozo6m, Es-zo6. 

FROG, s, iicmlamdie. Small frog, Kalkal^ks. 

FROM, prep. Tel. From here, le-tel-e^. From there, Tel shei. 
From above, Tel nuist. 

N. B. The verb governing this preposition takes the prefix z, if the 
action is directed toward the speaker: He came from below, 
**Zgui tel nishut."Ifthe action be directed to another direction, 
the verb takes the prefix t 

FRONT, s. See Face. 1st. position in face of a person, or of a 
house, etc., Stogt6gt. In front ofyou, "L'astogt6gt, L^asmeltdg." 

2d. The part ot any thing that seems to look forward, as the front 

of a building, Smilchem61s. To stand in front of a man, "les- 

-chmil-t^shilshem." We stand in front of a house,"Kae8-pi^utehi- 

FRONT, V. t. Ist. To lay opposite to another, Turned to him, 
Chines-ntagoMsi, les-chntagoldsem. They are fronting each 
other, Es-ntagolsemenu6gui, Es-tagtogs6us. 

2d. To appear face to face^ Kees-chshemen^us. See Shem^n. 

FROST, s. S'sult. White frost, Sku6it. 
FROSTY, u. Frosty country, Zaltdlegu. 
FROTH, 8. See Foam. 
FROWN, V. i. Ist. I-chin-sshesh. 
2d. To look sour, I-chin4enu8. 
FRUGAL, a N^mnemt 

160 FUL 

FRUIT, s, Spiik6Ik. Th« fruits known to Aege Indians are: Hade- 
-berry, StisbA; Pears, Slikj Cherry, ^ogtog; Benries gmaller 
than, and like to the hucie-berry, Sipt; Hatibeny, PblpolkaB^ 
Strawberry, K^tkam^ White berry of a red plant^ Ti&chzgn; 
Prickly-pear. Sgtie^ne; Currants, Nt^temelps) Rose-i>eny; 
Gui^palk, Uva ursi, Kulis} Rasp-berry, LUz) Plums, Chi- 
tet^us; Oregon grapes, Szals. 

2d. To go to fruits, Chines-koldui To pick up fruits, les-chkol^um. 
To strike down frulte with a rod, les-chspim. 

FRY, V. i. Chines-zigai. 
FRY, V, t, Xes-z^gapQ. 
FRYIN(J-PA3Sr, s. SnzAgamen. 
FUEL, 5. S'chkamin. 
FUGITIVE, a. KoilkoH, Es-gutpmi. 

FULFILL, V t. 1st. Accomplish, Ies-k61em, les-uim, les-kdlilem. 
2d. To arrive at the end of any period, les-nptlemiisem. 
FULFILLED, a. 1st. It came to pass, Ladko. It was;iiilfilied what 
JsAias said, ^^ha&ko hi sztm^ies lu Jsaias.'^ 

3d' Executed, performed, Es-k5lem. 

FULL, a. Ist. Ko^zt. N. B. This word seems to derive from go^zt, 
to pass, and therefore it is not construed with the object ftill, 
but with the object filling, which really surpassed the filled 
one. My house is full of smoke, "Ko^zt lu smot ku Tin-zitgo." 

2d. Chko6zt, when denoting the vessel filled to overflow. 

3d. Kko6zelze, when denoting the all inside full. 

4th. House of people, I-ti\u, 1-pin. See Crowd. 

5th« Sack full, Es-npuku. 

6th. Dish full, Es-nesch^n. 

7th. Thy heart is full of fire, Lu solshizten es-nko^zt in I'a-spuus. 

FUN, s. 1st. To say a thing for fun, Chin^s-poszini. 

2d. To do for fun to a fellow, Ies-chpopos4chst^m. 

3d. In general, Chines-posmsz6ti. 

4th. To make fun of a fellow, les-choinz^tem. 

FUNNY, a. Of a person, Np6spszin. 

FUR, 8. 1st. The soft hair, Spi\m. 

2d. The skin with the hair on, Spumlgu. 

FURIOUS, a, I-ku^l, Ku61s'chit. 

FURNACE, s. Snolshizten. 

FUR 161 

PUKNISH, V. i. Ist. With food for a trip, les-t^ohelem. 

2d. A bouse, les-chkolem. 

3d. Furnish one with arms, etc., les-gazim. 

4th. See Afford. 

FURROW, 8. Snteliilegu. One furrow, Nko6p; Two, Esel^p, i. e,, 
one line, two lines. 

FURTHER, adv. Zi-ch-zii. Go further, Zi-chziish. 

FURTHERMOST. See Extreme, Chemslgan. 

FUTURE, V. Ist. ha ne te^ ks-es'ch^ni (Something that will hap- 

2d. Remote future, Che^tkassip m-te^ esch^nem, (After a longtime 
yet something will happen.) 

8d. Ks-tagoliis. 

4th. On a future day, Ne god pist^m, Ne te6 pist6m. 

FY ! excl Nih ! 



GAIN, V, t. 1st. In general, les-uichem, les-tigura, les-melkondnem. 
See Deserve. 

2d. To gain in gambling, playing, les-tlegdpem. ^ 

3d. To gane one ganie, les-shitlpenunem. See Shiitl^e. 

4th. To gain a portion of his goods, Tes-alpnunera. 

5th. To gain the whole of his goods, les-guikununem. He gained 
me one game, "Ko-shittpenuis." He gained some of my goods, 
"Ko-alpniiis." He gained the whole of my goods, "Ko-gui- 
kundis." He gains on me, he beats me, " Ko-tlegiipis." 

6th. I gained it, it made me owner, *• Ko-chdltichstem." What did 
you gain by praying ? " Stem u ch61tichstems \u t'a-szchaum ?'' 

GALL, n. Kolin. ^ 

GALLON, n. Sugumeten. 

GALLOP, V. I. Chines-p^k'zemisti, Chines-aipmi. 

GALLOWS, n. Snehaz6usten. 

GAMBLE, r. L Chines-gazgazmi. See Play. 

GAMBLING, n. Sgazgazim, Ngazgazminten. 

GAMBLING-PLACE, a. Sngazgazminten. 

GAMBLER, n. Gazgazmdl, AlalpAl. 

GAME, n. 1st. Animals pursued by sportsmen, GuigueiAl. 

162 GAT 

2d. To play one game, Eaes-nkoshitlepshita^gui. 

dd. To loose one game, Cbin-nkoshittip. 

4th. To win one game, Ta is-shitlip, Chin-tlegupem. 

GANDEE, Stak'k. 

GANGRBN, Bs-shipim. 

GAP, n. EpI es-gak, 

GARDEN, n. 8nk61katen, Snlk61katen. 

GARDEN-SEEDS, n. Sak^in, Szizime skdlka. 

GASH, n. let. Made with a pointed arm, Slu^uus. 

2d. Made by an axe, knife-blade, saw, Sniobeh. 

GATE, See Door. 

GATHER, V. t It depends on the thing gathered up, and the place 

in which it is gathered. 
Ist. In general, les-iaamira, which means to collect all together. 
2d. To gather people, Chines-iamHumshi. 
3d. To gather horses, animals, Chines-iamskdgaei. 
4tb. To gather berries, Chines-kol6ui. 
5th. To gather roots for food, Chines-g^zti. 

6tb. To pick op stones, roundish objects, potatoes, etc., Jes-pkiiin. 
7th. To pick up refuse stuff, clothes, etc., les-chemchemim. 
8th. To pick up from the ground carrots, bread, etc., les-es'ch^nem. 
GATHER, V. i. Chines-iaami, Chines-iaamilshi. To gather around 

one, les-chiaaminem. See Crowd. 

GATHERING, See Assembly, Szi^a, Sni^a, Sziamilsh, Sniaatio. 

GAY, 1st. Joyful, Es-npi^ls, Pipiit. See Pii. 

2d. Vivacious, Koilkolt, I-guil. 

GAZE, V. i. les-dzgam. 

GAZETTE, n. MimimA^kaimin. 

GELD, r. t, Ies-nkoako6pilsem, les-nkoakodpilskdgaem. See Koe. 

GELDED, a. Es-nkoako^pils. 

GENEALOGY, Sgolrfiemusshen. 

GENERAL, n. Of an army, Ilimignm-s soitis. 

GENERATE, v. t 1st. In general, Ies-k6lilem. 

2d. Of animals, Ies-chk6lilzem, les-tku^tem. See Bear, Bring 

forth. Produce. 
GENEROUS, a. 1st. Liberal, Pepe^. 
2d. Large-hearted, Kutispuil^s. 
3d. Spirited, Koilkolt, Sisiil^s. 
GENIUS, n. Ist. Talent, Spagp^gt 
2d. Disposition of mind, Spu^s. 

GET 163 

CxBNTiLE, a. Not christian, Tas'chani, I-tencmds sk^iiga. 

GENTLE, a, Sens^nt, (that remains still). Tame, Bs-tog; Tamed 
T^go; Quiet, peaceable, Kamk6mt. 

GENTLY, adv, Ist, Lkukuiiet. 

2d. To speak gently, Chines4kakui6zini, Chines-konkonzini, Chin- 
es- koinznemisti. 

Hd. To speak gently, flattering, les-kolegnegakunero. 
4th. To treat gently, les-tot^um, les-gesges^chstem. 
5lh. I speak to him calmly, gently, les-nkamkamk^inem. 

GENUINE, a. I-tog. 

GESTATION, n. Sidm, Szntkiiku61t, Szntku61t. 
GESTICULATE, v. Ist. To make gestures, to express a passion 
-with, Chines-p^zkoi. 

2d. To speak with gesticulations of the hands, Chines-taksi, Chin- 
e8-tkats6chsti, Chines-t^^ai. 

GET, V. t Ist. To come in possession of an indefinite object, Chin- 
-tigul; or if the object it begins by 5. Chin-tigus. I got a wife, 
Chin-tigul-n6gonog. 1 got tobacco, Chin-tigusm^nigu. 

2d. If the object is specified, fes-tigum. 

3d. To be in possession of, to have an object indefinite, Chin-epl, 
or Chin-ep if the substantive begins by s. See have. 

4th. To make, to cause, to induce, les-kdlem; or, by the verb causa- 

5th. I get it, get my dues, Chin-p^kaka. 

GET, v. L 1st. To become. See Become. 

2d. It gets sawed, cut, poured, spilled, done, etc., in the sense that 
the object lends itself to being sawed, etc., or meaning the trans- 
ition from not being sawed, is rendered by reduplicating the 
last syllable. It is sawed, "Es-niche." It got sawed, "Nich'ch." 
It 'is done, "Es-k61e." It got made, it is born, "K61il." It is 
posed, "Es-z^ka." It got posed, it settled, "Zkak.*' It is 
poured- "Es-sigu." It got spilled, "Sigugu." It lays down, 
"E8-t6ko." It got down, fell down, **Tk6ko." It is conceived, 
" Es-ntku61t." The baby got conceived, "Ntkuku^lt." This 
form seems to have no parallel in our language, and can be 
learned only by practice. Several derivative forms are origi- 
nated from this reduplication of the last syllable of the radical. 

164 GIF 

Yot it ia inserted in Beveral rudieals of the first part of thin 

3d. To get ahead, up, down, etc. See all these adverbs. 
GHOST, n. Holy— Saint SpagpAgt. 
GHOSTS, n. pi. Ist. The dead, Tentemn6i,.Nkotemigu, (so called 

by the western tribes). 2d. A giant ghost, Szuen^. 3d. A kind 

of invisible ghost that frightens people, Skuskus'chaskfe. See 


GIANT, n. Shiumil-kuten^lko. 

GIBBOUS, a. Es-nmkoichen. See M6ko, Muku. 

GIDDY, a 1st. Dizzy, Es-nselselmti]^snsh. 

2d. Light-headed, Ps^ie, Koku6a. 

GIFT, n. 1st. In general, as given by, Sguizsh. My gift, as given 
me, "I-sguizsh." 2d. As given to, received by, Sgoiz'zsh. My 
gift, what is given to me, I-sguiz'zsh. N. B. the reduplicated 
2 here, and in all the compositions. See Guiz. 

3d. New year's gift, ChichinchiHumshten, as made. My new year'b 
gift, "i<u in-chichinchiHumshten," ii<. that for which I shake 
hands with the people. It is derived from les-chinim, les- 
chin^chsem. I shake hands, Chines-chin^chiHumshi. I shake 
hands with the people, as all Indians do on new year's day, 
les-chchinchihumshem, I shake hands with the people for 

4th. New year's gift as received, Iz-chichinchiHiimshten. 

5th. Gifts to a child, or small things as received, Szch6pen. The 

present made to me, a child, I-szch6pen. 
6th. Gifts to a child as made, Chepiturashten. I have these shoes, 

which I will give to a child, " IW-chepltCimshten i^ kaoshin." 

7th. Gift in contemplation of marriage, or seduction, to gain the 
good will, as a pledge. To receive such a gift, Chines-chtkuep, 
lit., I have some thing placed at my feet. To make such a pres- 
ent, les-chtku6pem. See Tkom. 

8th. Presents made by a dying friend, as received by the survivor, 
Is-lkomnin. See Bequest. 

GIMLET, n. ijgominten. 

GIED, V. t. les-chielem, les-lchim, les-nelch^usem, les-npolchilk- 
sem. See Belt. 

2d. A horse, Chines-kolkonchisk^gaoi. 

GiU 165 

GrlRD, V, i. Oneself, (a man), Chines-nelchosziiti; (a woman), Chin- 

GIRDLE, n. 2st. For a man, Snelch6u8, Snlehoazuten. 

2d. For a woman, Npolch^lks. 

3d. For a horse, Nkolkonchiskaga^ten, as commonly used for sad- 
dle horses. 

4th. Por a horse, throwing the girdle on the saddle, sursiugle, 

G-IRIj, n. Ist. Not a boy, only to tell the sex, Smedm, Shn^meem. 
2d. A little girl below twelve, Sheshutem, Sbutemdlt. 
3d. At twelve, Lg6mish. 
4th. Past twelve, Stiichemish. 

5tb. An irreproachable girl, Sk6melt, even if she be of old age. 

GIVE, V. i. Chines-gmzshi. 

GIVE, V, t, 1st. Give that away, Ics-guiz'shem, les-tkom. 

2d. I give something to him, les-guiz'shtem, les-tkoshitem. 

3d. I give him that, les-guizHem; Ies-tkoH6m. 

4th. I give away his, les-guiz'shemltem. 

5th. 1 give myself up to . . . Chines-kolguz'shemisti. 

6th, I give presents to a cliild, les-ch^penem. 

7th. 1 give presents for a marriage, or to gain any one's good will, 

7th. I give back, leles-guizHem. • 

9th. I give ear, les-chiitdnem, Ies-ntkaku6nem. 

10th. I give in, I-siz chin-zi]^ti : sh^i. 

llth. 1 give out, publish, les-mimiim, le^akomim. To be at the 

end of his strength, Chin-n4^apiks. See Lee. 

12th. To go over, I6s-kolguiz'8hem, Ies-ptl:6chstem, les-hoiem. 

13th. 1 give up, Chin-hoi. 

OLAD, a, 1 am, Chines-l^mti, Chines-npi^lsi. This last means prop- 
erly to rejoice, and Chines-nkain^lsi, I take pleasure. See Pii, 

2d. Glad news, Pipiit smimii. 

Sd. Glad face, ChpiiB. I make a glad face at him, les-chpiusem. 

Gladsome eyes, Chpipiis. 1 look at him with gladsome eyes, 


4th. Gladsome, making glad, les-lemmim, les-npi6lshtem, les-nkoe- 

166 GLO 

(t LANCE, r. /. len-^zgam, furtively witboot turning the head, Ie»- 

GLARING, a, fpich. 
GLASS, /?. i-gal. 2d. Lamps, Sz^kushin i-gal. 3d. GlaHs-tambler, 

Snsuftten i-gal. 4th. Glass-eye, LcbpsLks. 
GLEAN, V, i. les-chemchemim. 
GLIDE, r. /«. Chines-koapmi. 
(FLITTERING, a. Lpich, I-p6gu, 1-gal 
GLOBE, I-milko, St61igu. 
GLOOM, Gloomy, a. Iguidgt. 
2*^. Gloomy looking eyes, Chuguigus. 
M. Gloomy heart, Cbines-nigupdlsi, Chin-totopspniis, Chin-papu- 

GLORIFICATION, n. Skutdnt, Npi^lsten. 
GLORIFY, V. i. To make glorious, Ie8-k61em kutiint. 
2d. To praise, les-kuten^lsem, les-sisiszinem, Ies4akomiH^m lu sku- 

GLORY, w. Ist. Praise, Snkuten^ls. 
2d. What one is praised for, Ch-kuten6isten. 
3d. The greatness, Skutil^nt. 
GLORY, t;. L Chines-npi^lsi. I glory in my shame, " les-chnpi^Isem 

ku in-zeeshtin." 
GLOVE, n. Speehst. 2d To put on one's gloves, Chines-sp^chsti. 

• 3d. To pull off one's gloves, les-ptlim lu i-sp6cbst. 
GLOW, V. i, Es-ziiku, Es-ze6ko. 
GLUE, n. Meeteminten, which is properly carpenter's glue, Zpaka- 

minten, T6hen, T61enften. 
GLUE, V. t, les-meeteminem, les-zpak^m, les-tel^m. To glue to- 
gether two objects, Ies-nzpak6usem. 
(tLUBD, a. Es-chzapk. part. What has been glued, Szchzpak. My 

shirt is glued on, not loose, " Es-chzapk hi i-snazlk6it." My 

shirt got glued on, " Chzpdk In i-snazlk6it." 
GLUTTON, s. Ntellana, Bin^men, Kamm6men. Kammdla. 
GLUTTONY, z. Sensdnt, SntelUna. 2d. As a habit, SntelUDaten. 
GNASH the teeth, v. i, Es-ntlagHsinzuti, I4zi^zi4zi4z lu gal6gu. 
GNATS, n. Pepechime. 
GNAU, V. t, Ist. Of quadrupeds, les-gethm. 
2d. Ot flesh-worms, Es-gam^m, Es-ham^m, hamantas. 
3d. Of clothes-worms, Es-geipem. 

GO 167 

G-O, i). i. Ist. \ am on my way to, Chin-ends. 

2d- Chinos-gui. 

3d. To file away, moving the camp, Kaes-komdpom, 

4th- To go about, to endeavour, Chines-ntdlsi, Chines-koeni. 

5t To go around, Ohines-gusteluisi. 

6th. To go ahead. Ist. To be first, Chines-shiitemi. 2d. To eontiuue, 
Chines-tagolusi. 3d. To proceed, les-golshituseni- 4tli. To go 
further in advance, Chines-tgdi. 

7th. To go away, Chines-guisti. 2d. To clear away, Chines-tldkul. 
3d. To disappear, Chinel-cho. 

8th. To go after, les-nguiem, les-nshidstem. 

9th. To go back home, Chines^gui. 2d. Keturning from an unfin- 
ished trip or walk, Chin-eipelchiis. 3d. Keturning from a long 
winter's hunting, Chin-el-imsh. 
10th- To go between, amongst, les-ngU8t6usem. les-nshisteusem. 

11th. To go by without stopping, Ch'nes-ngozusi, ies-ngoziisem, 
les-chsfozim. See Goz. 

12th. To go behind, Chines-eutdpi, Chin-gui rsnchemiehen. 

ISth' To go down a hill, stairs, etc. Chines-u6lkupi. 2d. From on 
horseback, or any other way, throwing oneself down, Chines* 
-tipenzuti. See fall. 3d. To go down, sinking inside, Chinen- 
nishilshi. See Ishut. 4th. The sun goes down, Es-chsoozkayi. 
See Down. 6th. To go to the bottom, Chines-kaetemi. 

I4th. To go lar, Chines-lkokomi. To go farther, Chines-tzii. 

15th. To go for, to, after, les-chguiem; or, with the preposition eh 
prefixed to the noun made a verb. 1 go for flowers, " Ohines- 

16th. To go in. See Enter. 

17th. To go ofl^, Chines-guisti. Said of a gun, Lgo pinch. 

18th. To go on, Chines-tgolusi. Go on,mp.. I-g6. Of clothes, shoes, 

19th. To go out, Chines-ozkaei. 2d. Of water, Sigugu, Es-aupmi. 
3d. Of grains, Es-pkoko. See Pok. 

20th. To go, lost, Chines-oosti. 

21st. To go straight, Chines-tgomenziiti, I-chin-tog. 

22d. To go to, les-chgdiem. ^ 

23d. To go therC; Chin-chzii. 

24th. To go to bed, Chines4k6ti. 

25th. Togo bufiklo hunting in winter, Ohines-imsheluisi. In spring, 
Ch in es-uikalzei. 

168 GOO 

26th. To go to campf to pass a night at somebody's, Cbioes-nzi- 

tshilshi. See Itsh. 
37th. To go to see the traps, Chines-tlosdni. See Tlee. 
28th. To go to war, stealing horses, Chines-geilsbi. 
29th. To go together, Chines-shishdi, Kae-chshinn^gui, Kaes-sbe- 


30th. To go through, as a thread in the eye of a needle, et<^., Chin- 

3l8t. To go with, Chines-gui P, les-nkolgdiem. See Accompany. 

les-ehshinim, les-gazutem, les-guiiisem. See With. 
82d. To go up a ladder, Chines-chiulshi. A hill, Chines-shalliitil A 

stair-case, Ohines-shaldti. High up, Chines-nuisshelshi. 

33d. To go afoot, Chines-gust61egui. 

34th. To go on horse-back, Chines-chemt^usi, Chines-chlkalsh^nsi. 
35th. To go in the water, Chines-ngust^tikui. 
36th. To go slow, Chines-iktikui^tei. 
37th. To go quick, Chines-u^misti. 
38th. To go under, Chines-ch8o6skani. 
39th. To cause to go, les-guiem. 

40th. To let go, les-ptlim, les-ptl^chstem, les-godlem, les-hAum. 
41st. It goes to me, it doed not go. See Agree. 
GOAD, 5. Sku^nel. 
GOAD, V. i, les-ilira, Jes-nilichinem. 

GOAT, He, n. homenh\chnl^in. She, NHmkae. He goat with thin 
horns, Sgotl6i. 

GOD, n. Kolinzuten. (Amdtkan, an old deity). Would to God! 
,K6mi ! God forbid, K6mi ta; Tagdi; E6mi ta kaezag^il. God 
willing, Ne ntels \u ep sznt^ls. 

GOD-FATHEK, God-mother, n. Pogot, Skolpog6t, Skol'le^u, 
Skolsk6i. God-child, Skolsgusigult. God-boy, Skolskus^e, God- 
girl, Skolstomch^lt. WHo will be your god-father? "Su6t lo 
aks-kolpogot ? Su^t ku akl:-pog6t. 

GODLESS, a. Ta epl: KoUnzuten. 
GOGGLES, n. Nshinshiiusten. 
GOITEE, n. Es-kolkolti. 

GOLD, n. Kualit ulalim. Gold dust, Es-p6ko ululim. 
GOOD, a. Gest, 16. 2d, "Not good, T^ gest, Tas 16. 3d. Good for 
nothing, I-tenemus. 

GRA 169 

tTOODS, n. Stnkelzut, /)Z. Skamnelezut. In composition, — Iszdt. I 
have good goods, *^ Chin-geslszut." I lose some goods, ^' Chin- 
-oslzut." What i?ind of goods? ^SStemlszut?" 1 take goods, 
*^ Chin-kunelszdt." 
IrOOSE, n, Kusigu, /)/„ Kuskusigu, Tptp6sgan, 
C4CJOSE-BKRRY, See (^urrants. 
<tORE, r. t. les-luiim. 
<tOSPEL, n. 1st. Tlio doctrines of oar Lord, ^u szmioHumsh Jesus 

2d. Book of , . . Kaiminti-s Koiinz6ten, Kolinzuten szkolku^lt-s. 
<tOVERN, i\ t, les-chzogii^pilem, les-ehilimgu^pilem, les-chitim, 

(xOVERNOR, n. Jliniiguni, Chzogu^pilenzuten. 
<t()WX, w. Snazlk^it. See Aaz. In composition, — alks* I have a 

nice gown, " Chin-pi kalks.'* 
CtRACE, n, 1st. As favor received, Snkonin. 2d. As favor made, 

(tRACEFUIj, a, Gest. Graceful speaker, Es-ngeszini. 
(GRACIOUS, a. Merciful, Nkonkonn^ls, Gest. 
(tRAFT, v. t. les-nshites^usem, Gmfted, Es-nshitcs^us* 
GRAIN, n. For seed, Sk6ika. See Seed. 

< MiAND-DAUGHTER, n. 1st. Said by a man, my son's daughter, 
I-sgepj). My daughter's daughter, I-sile. The grand-daughter 
calls her grand-father by the same name, and both are *^Sgap6- 
us," or, *'Sil6us,'' i, e. Grand-father and grand-daughter one to 
the other. 
2<1. Said by a woman. My son's daughter, In-kene. My daughter's 
daughter, In-chichie. Again the grand-daughter calls the grand* 
mother by the same name, and both are, " Kan^us," or, '* Chi- 
chi^us," reciprocally. 
GRAND-GRAND-DAUGHTER, w. T6pie, and the same is grand- 

grand-father, or, mother, and they are '* Topi^us," together. 
GRAND-SON, n. Ist. Said bj- a man, My son's son, I-sgepe. My 

daughter's son, I-sile, and vice versa as for grand-daughter. 
2d. Said by a woman, is also the same as grand-daughter. 
GRAND-FATHER, n. Ist. Said by a woman, l-sile. 
2d. By a man, I-sg^pe, as above. 

GRANT, r. t, les-shdiem, Ie8-shi61si?m. I give it, les-guizshem. 

170 GRA 

(tRAPBS, (Oregon), s, Szals. The shrub, Szals^. 

GRAPPLE,!?, i. Ie»-kue8tem. 

GRASP, V. L lesChinira. 

GRASS, n. Ist. Growing, Upiilegu. 2d. ('ut, Supulegu. 8(J. Good. 

Sgas^stio. 4th. Poor, S'chesdstie. 6th. Green, i-kuii, Ikuikuiii- 

legu. 6th. Grown grass, Skuali^li^gu. 7th. Dried, Koeliilcgu. 
GRASSY, a. Upulegu, Kuikuidlegu, Kualiilegu. 
GRATE, V, t, les-goakoni. 
GRATIS, adv. l-t'tenemus, l-gol-teneinus. 
GRAVE, n. Ntkotin, Xtkol^guten, Es-nlog, Ntentcmneiten. To 

dig a grave, Chines-nzikai. To fill a grave, Chinec»-lakai. Ti> 

put in the grave, les-ntkom, Ies-nlo6nK 
GRAVE- YARD, s, 8iitentemn6iten. 
GRAVE, a. Ist. I-s^e. I look grave, I-chin-chseHees. 
2d. Quiet, firm, I-zan, Z'nzant, Z'nap. 
GRAVEL, L'sz'zmeshen, L'sz^zniesh^shen. 
GRAVITATE, v. t. Es-ketemi. 

GRAY^, Hoary-headed. 1st. Man, Es-pkaniaiukan, Pik'kan. 
2d. Animals, Pik'kaiakan. 
GRAY-HORSE, S'chg^ilps. See Gei. 
GRAZE, V, I, Chines-gatliilegui. 
GRAZE, V, t, les-gatlim, les-gatluleguni. 
GREASE, n. Skozt. 1st. Tallow, Olikul. 2d. Swimming or boilinL^ 

meat, Es-chih6ko. See T6ko. 4th. It hardens, ICs-inipma. i>il». 

It melts, Es-oiemi. 
GREASE, V, t, Chines-potii, Chines-mini. 
GREASY, I-potI, I-Iiut. 
GREAT, a. Kutiint. 2d. Big, thick, liill. 3d. Great in number, 

Goeit. 4th. Great in length, of space, Uisshcn. 5th. Of linH\ 

Kasip. 6th. Great above all, Es-nshiizin kutunt. 7ih. Worthy. 

Sissiiis. See S'mis. 

GREATNESS, n, Skutunt, Siiilt, SuisHhen, Skasip. 

GREEDY, See Glutton. 

GREEN, Blue, a. 1st. l-koiiu pi. I-konkoin. 

2d. Grass. See Grass. 

3d. Beads, Chkonkoins. 

4th. Wood. Kalalko. 

5th. Green bough, I-chkuilp. 

6th. Not ripe, Es-g6iu. 

GRl 171 

7th. Fresh, inexperienced, a. Siz, Uakaukt. 

GRKENISH, a, Mkokoin. 

ixREET, V. t, Chines-chaui, les-kolskeliguin, les-azgam, les-ehine- 

URI B-mON, n. Nzagamen. 

IxRlBVE, V, f. lat. Chines-pupusdnchi, Zal \u i-spuue, Zkoako \u 

2d. To grieve at . . . les-chpupus^nchem. 

(xRIBVE, V, t. Ics-pupasenchem, pupiis^nchsten, les-guizshtem 

t'spupu s^nch, Jes-kolshitem t'spiipus^nch, le84uuH6m \\x 

8puu8-z, Ie8-mauHera lu spuu8-z. 
(tRIMACB, v. L Chines-p^ipis. 

(tRFND, t\ i, Ist. To pulverize something, Chines-go^koi. 
2d. To become pulverized, Bs-goakoko. 
GR>ND-STONE, Goakomen. 

(tRIPB, The bowels, i\ i. Chines-nzal^nchi. See Zal. 
GRIST, n. Sgoako. 
GRIST-MILL, n. Sngoakomen. 

GRIZZLY, a, Gei. Grizzly bear, Smg^ichin, 4. e, grey on the back. 
GROAN, V. L Ciiin-enu. 
GROOVB and tongue, v. t. les-nlos^usem, pi. les-nlos^lisem. 

Grooved and tongued, Es-nloseus, pi. Es-nlos^lis See Loom. 

GROPE, v, L Ohines-t'zt^zi. 

GROTTO, n. Es-nl6go. 

GROUND, w. Malt. 

2d. Land, estate. St61igu. 

OROUND ad Szgodko, Es-goako. 

GROUND, v. u See Foundation. To bir^ld apon stones, les-chke- 
isshinem \w s'shensh. 

GROUSE, n. Kalkalze, Skak^gu. 

GROVE, n. Kalnii. 

<iROW, V, f\ (Ist.) Of inanimate objects coming into existence by 
natural process, Es-kualcmi. 

1st. The grass grows, Es-kualiilegui, Es-ohkualdpsi. 

2d. The branches grow, Es-chkualechsti. 

3d. The wheat grows, Es-kualalko, T^^echch, means, " It is coming 
out of the ground." 

^th. The horns grow, Bs-kual^pels'chin. 

•Hh. The hair grows, Es-chkualelgui. 

♦^th. The nails grow, Es-kolkuakalk^inchsti. 

172 GEO 

7th. The tail grows, Es-ehkuaiupsi. 

8th. The teeth grow, Es-nkual^isi. 

(2d.) Of any object increasing in size, quality, age, use, — ilshi af- 
fixed to the adjective or verb. 

let. I grow in age, Chines-pogtilshi. 

2d. I grow good, Chines-gestilshi. 

3d. I grow old, Chines-pogtuilshi. 

4th. i grow bad, Chines-tieuilshi. 

5th. I grow big, Chines-kutentilshi. 

6th. I grow small, Chines-lkukuimetuilshi. 

7th. I grow in number Chines-goetuilshi. 

8th. I grow wise, Chines pagpagtilshi. 

6th. I grow tall, Chines-kutenalkoilshi. 

GKOW, V. t. See produce. 

GEOWL, V, i, Chines-aimti, Chines-naiai^pi. 

GKOWL, Ist. I growl at the chiefs, les-naiai^pem lu ililimiguiii. 

2d. I growl at that, Tes-chsnaiaidpem. 

3d. I growl, speaking, evil, Chines-nchesznepi. 

GKOWN, Tall, person or tree, KutenAlko. 

GRUB. f. t. Chines-lkemi, les-lkem. 

GUARD, V. t. 1st. To protect from danger, les-kolkeiguni. 

2d. To take care of les-chitim, les-chshtim. 

GUARD, V. i. To watch the enemy, Chines-chgaleini. See Cautions, 

GUARD, n. 1st. A sentinel, Sgu-chgalem, Sgutazgain. 

2d. One that takes care of my property, I-sguchitim. 

3d. One that takes care of me, In-chitenzuten. 

4th. Horse-guard, n. Sguchit'skagae. 

5th. To give in guard, les-chit^lem. 

6th. To give myself in guard, les-chitelemistoni, les-iuhiteclienii- 

GUARDIAN, w. Chitenziiten. 

GUARDIAN Angel, Ange chitenziiten. 

GUESS, V. i Ist. To conjecture at random, Chines-kuhhii, Chines 

-kul^au^ui. See Aui. 
2d. To guesp right, to hit. Ohin-kulauel^, Chines-ku^zinneli. 
GUP]SSER, n. Ist. One that guesses rigl^t, lucky. 
2d. Tedious guesser, given to guessing, KulanmenK'n. 
M, One that guesses it, Kulaunzulen. 
GUEST, n. 1st. S^chiizin. 

GUI 178 

2d. One living with me for a good while, Jn-gu^zen, In-guizen. 

GUIDE, 5. Ist. A companion on the road, Sgaziit. 

2d. One to teach the road, Sgunmidk»cm. 

3d. One to go ahead, Egushiit, Golshitenzuten. 

GUIDE, V, i, l8t. To accompany, les-gazutem. 

2d. To teach the road, Jes-nmiaksem. 

3(1. To go ahead of him, les-golshitiiseni. 

4th. To conduct, les-guiussem. 

5th. To bring straight, lee-tgomim. 

6tb. To guide a horse. See Horse. 

GUILLOTINE, v, t les-nchitiissem, les-nspusem. 

GUILT, s. SkuiMdie. 

GUILTY, a. Es-kundms hi teie. 

GUM, s. Tko^i. See Pitch. To chew gum, Chines-koakouhkoei. 

GUM, V. t les-t^lem. 

GUMS, s. Snaldguten. 

GUN, (Shot), n. Sololeminch, i, e. Iron bow. 

2d. Double barrel gun, Snesel61ze. 

3d. Six-baiTcl, six-shooter, Takanchistelze. 

4th. Seven-shooter, Nspelchelze. 

5th. Rifle, Es-nshinshinshemelze, Gauteus, Lgoeus. 

9th. Breech-loading gun, Ntalem^lze, Ntalemups, Nchcgkuene, 

Tth. Needle gun, Chitchegudne. 
8th. Gun-shot, Stapsk^ligu. 
6th. Gun-powder, Npkumin. 
10th. Gun shot, (ammunition), Lzizem^le. 
11th. Gun bullets, ^milemi. 
12th. Fixed ammunition, Sincheinch. 
13th. Gun worm, Chg61komen. 
14th. To load a gun, Chines-ncheinehi. See C\n\ 
15th. To level a gun, Chines-tgominchi. 
16th. To fire a gun, Chines-tapsk^ligui. 
17th. The gun starts, Es-lgopilshi, Lgopinch. 
18th. I have no gun, Chines-chsteminchi. 

I9th. What kind of a gun have you? Stemineh lu a-.soloh'ininch. 
20th. The gun bursts, Es-ntelkusinch. . 
aUT, n. Slgench. 
OUT, v. t. les-chtelku^usem. 

174 HAl 


11 A! exd. Ha! 

HABIT, a, Ist. manners, Zudt. 

2d. Habit conlriuted by repeated acts, Skoem. See Koeeni. 

iid. Dress, Snazlk^it, (laznumt^n. 

HABITUATE, r. /. les-koako^m. 

2d. Habituate oneself to, les-koeminem, les-chkoeminem. 

HABITUALLY, Is rendered by the verb eontinnate ^'es," or by 

the frequentative final — *4uisi." I did steal, '^Chin-nako.'- lam 

in the habit of stealing, "Ohines n^ko,*' or **Chines-nkomIui- 

HAGGAUD-LOOKING, a. Es-ehkomkomus. 
HAIL, )K Sal6s8e. 
HAIL, r. /'. Es-salussei. 
HAIL, r. t. To salute, ('hines-koit'si, les-koit'sem, (^hines-chaui, 

ies ehin^ehsem. 

HAIE, n. Of the head, Komkan. Hair of other parts. Spurn. 

2d. Horse mane, S'chizel^lps. 

M, One hair, Nkoeps; Two hairs, Esel^p; Three hairs, Chcl^p; Four 
hairs, Musp; Five hairs, Zilchst^p; Six hairs, Takanchst^p, 
Seven hairs, Spelchep; Eight hairs, Hanmep, Nine hail's, 
Gant^p; Ten hairs, Openehst^p. 

4th. Plenty hair, Goe^p,, Chgoakdin, (of the head.) 

otli. Few hair, Lu«^p, ChlokMn (of the head.) 

<>tli. Hair standing on top of the head, dishevelled, Es-ehaek6iii. 

7th. My hair is smoothed down, Lchin-lazkan. 

•^th. To sraoothe one** hair by the hand, Chines-lazkani, It^s-iezeni 

l^u k6mka-is . . . 
IHh. To smoothe one's hair with water, or wet hands, Chines- 


lOth. Hair tresses at the occiput. Chines kolk'zapkan. See Kaz. 

11th. Hair tresses at the ears, Chines-nkazkaz^ne. 

12th. Hair loose at the ear-side, Chines-chteltalpene. If plaited at 

the ears, Ist. For women. Chines chst'stchp6ne. 2d. For men. 

18th. Gray hair of horses, -Icbg^il]). 2d. of men, 1 chkeip. See 


HAL 11 ;^ 

14th. £laek hair, I-koaip. 

15th. To cut the hair, Chines-chgoizkani. Sec Goiz. 

16th. To cut the hair close to the skin, les-chuilkanein. See Ail. 

17th. Hair brush, Usk^inten. 

18th. Hed hair, I-chkuilps. 

19th. To rasp off the hair of hogs to dress them, Chines-chagopi, 

les-chatgopera. See ago. 
HAIjE, a. Sound, 1-guil, l-ges, Sgulguilskeligu. 
HAL,F, w. S'chut. See Fraction. 
2d. Half-breed, (Indian), S'chutenisk^ligu. 
M. Half-breed, (Negro), Uehi. 
4th. Half-breed, (Horse), S'chutemsuipskagae. 
5tb. To cut in halves, les-ch litem, les-nichusem, les-nichelauseni. 

8ee Xich. les-nsk^usem, Ies-ngot6u8em. 
6th. Half moon, SV*h*chut't, for the first quarter, and for the third 
quarter, El-s'ch'chiit't. In general Es-ntgoeus. 

7th. Half-brother, I-snkusigu, See brother. 

8th. Half-sister, I-snkusigu. See Sister. 

HALLOO, V, L Chines-u^ei. 

HALLOO, t\ t, les-u^em. 

HALLOW, V. i, les-poteem. 

HALO, Sun-dog n. Sololagani. 

HALT, V, L Chines-tlpmi. See tlil. 

HALTEE, s, SIgupus, Agadsten. 

IIALTEK,i'. /. les-l^gupusem, Jes-agausem, Chines-l^gupskagaei. 

HAMMER, n. Teemin, Teeminten. . 

HAMMER, V. t. les-te^m. 

HAND, 1st. re. Chelsh. 

2d. Right hand, S'chz'h^chst. See Zehem. % 

M. Left hand, S'chzikue. 

4th. One hand, Chskot^chst. 

5th. To Shake hands. Chines-chaui, Chines-chin^chsi, Chines- 
temchstij recvjp., Kaes-temchisnu^gui. (To lefuse the hand. 
Chines golcchsi.) 

"th. To stretch the ha.nd, Chines-gupem6chsti. 

^th. To extend the hahd, < hines-gualechsti. 

9th. To lay the hand on, to touch, les-tk^jm. Sec Tak. 

10th. T'» press down with the hand, les-chiltak^nem. 

lllh. Hand, for servant, workman, Szchomist, Chelsh, S'chuagan, 

I7fi HAN 

S^ukolem. See Cold, Freeze, Wash, Dislocate. 
12th. To touch with the tips of the fingers, les-chngiim. 
13th. I put my hand in a hole, les-ntkadsem. 
14th. I put my hand, fingers in a hole, Tes-nloehistusem. 
15th. I dij) my hand in the water, Chines-nloehist^tikui. 
HANI), i\ t. To give over by the hand, les-zkun6m, Tes-guizshem. 
IIAND( 'UFP, r. t. les-lchfechsem, les-azeultem lu chdshi's, les- 

-Ichduhem hi ch^lshis, les-lchim. 
HANDFUL, n. One, Nkoltemlachstem. 2d. If with both hands 

joined, Nkolchemechstem. 
HANDKERCHIEF, n, Sp^zen, (if used to wipe the hands), Nep- 

sten, (if used to wipe thk face), Skal^ps, (neck eloth.) 
HANDLE, Ist. Touch or feal with the hands, les-che^chstem. 
2d. To use with the hand, is rendered by — minem, affixed to the 

radical verb, r. </., to handle an axe, Jes-sheleminem, from 

Shelim. To handle a saw, les-nichemenem, from Nicheni. See 

8d. To treat ill or good, les-ag^ilem, les-chzut^chstem. 
4th. To hold with the hands, les-ku^stem. 
5th. To handle a horse, etc., les-t^zem, les-tot^um. 
6th. To hold a fractious horse, les-azznunem, les-konniinein. 
HANDLE, w, 1st. Ch'chinminten, Snch'chnemin. See Chin. 
2d. Knife-handle, Szchninchementen. 
8(1. Axe-handle, S'sheleminten. 
4th. Handle of a crank to turn, Silchemin. 
5th. Circular handle for pail, kettle, etc. Chialkocht^n. The pail 

has a handle, Es-chidlkochi 8ee lalk. 
6th. To break a handle, les-chm^upilem. 
7th. The handle breaks, Es-chmop6pile, Es-cbkaup^pile. 
8th. To take off the handle of an axe, leschkutlim. 
HANDSOME, a. Gest, Suiniimt. See Uinumt. 
HANG, r. t, 1st. To place on high any object, not meaning t<)toeii 

it, les-shalim, les-chshalira. 
2d. Meaning the rising it from below, les-chgoeusem. 
8d. Meaning the tying, fastening on high as on the gallows, les- 

4th Meaning the hooking on high, les-chkalgu^usem, les-kaltru'"- 
5th. To hang some one by the neck, les-kolaz'zinem. 
6th. To hang pictures around the wall, les-niligu^nchein. 

HAN 177 

7th. To hang oneself by the neck, Chines-kolaz'zinzuti. 
8th. To hang down the head, Chines-ohit6ikani. See Tui. 
9th. To hang down the head to the ground, bending, £s-nildlegu. 
10th. Head down, heels up, Naui^kan. 

HANG, V. i, Ist. To be in a place hanging, Chines-chshaltfeus. 
2d. Simply to be hanging down without regard to the location, 

3d. Meaning to have been raised from below, Chines-chgo^usi. 
4th. Meaning that the person has been tied on high, Chines-ohaz^us. 
5th. A tree hanging down, inclined, out of perpendicular, Es- 

6th. To hang on a person, to lean on, Chines-chleemi. 
7th. To hang down below the speaker, Chines-t'shalt^us. 

8th. To be weighty, Es-k^te, as the scales. 

9th. To incline, to have a propension, Chin-ep-s'chguluten. 

HANGING, part. Es-chshalt^us, Es-chaz^us, Es-chgodus, Es-shalidt. 

HANKEK, V, i. After, Chines-chtuiem, Chin-ep-8*cnguldtem. 

HAPPEN, i;. I. What happened? Ez-s'ch^n ? What happened to 
me ? Ko-es-chenem ? 

2d. Something happens, Tee-es-ch6ni. 

8d. Something happens to me, Te^-ko-es-chenem. Something hap- 
pens to us, Te6-kae8-ch61ilt. 

4th. Nothing happened to me, Ta tee-ko-es-ch^nem. 

5th. It happened, Sh6i. 

HAPPINESS, 71. 1st. The being happy, Snpi^ls, (See Pii), Slem^ 

2d. The cause of happiness, Npi^lsten, Lem'mszuten 

3d. The happiness of a family, Sgespi^ut. 

HAPPY, a, 1st. Es-npidlsi, Es-16mti. N. B. Lernt means content- 
ment, not to be displeased or mad. Npihls means the rejoicing. 
Our Lord on the cross Es-Umtiy i, e,, was not displeased with 
his sufferings, but in the resurrection Es-npiUsi, 

2d. I am happy at, for, les-chJ6mtem, les-chnpidlsem. 

3d. I am all well, happy, I-chin-ges. See Ges. 

HAEANGUE, r. L Chines-u^ulshi, Chines-kolko61ti. 

HARANGUE, n. Su^ulsh, Skolko^lt. 

HARANGUER, n. Sgukolko^lt, Sguu^ulsh. 

HARBINGER, Sgushiit, Golshitiisten. 

HARD, a, Ist. To the touch, I-tas. What grew hard, T'sap. 

17^ HAK 

2d. Firmly udberiiig the partw^ difficult to separate, as hard meat, 

. wood, etc., Tlizt, 
3d. Diffieiilt to aecoraplish, to bear, to please, Tlizt, Selsilt, lemi- 

emt. See Sil, lem. 
4ih. Of liquid frozen hard, Es-nimap. 

HARD, adv. Ist with pressure, velienionl, loiot, Sisius, Pizpizt. 
2d. To speak hard, Ie8-piz*zinem, ('hines-piz'znernisti. See Piz. To 

speak hard, in a passion, Chines-gut'tzini, ies-aipzinera. 
rid. It is hard on me, it oppi-esses me, Ko-es-Bi^chstein, Ko-es-pi- 

zemstem. See Sisius, Piz. 
4th. Also rendered by Tastdh See Tul. 
5th. To work hard, Chines-koli tioiut. To pray bard, loiot chines^ 

HARDEN, V, i. Chines-t'sapmi, Chines-tlizmi, Es-nimpma. 
HARDEX, V, t. les-t'sapera, les-tlizira, les-imp^m. 
HARDENED, a, T'sap, Tiizt, Nimap. 

Hard-hearted, a, Tiizspuus. 

HARD-HEADED, a. Tlizkan. 

HARD-EARED, Ntlizne. 

HARDLY, adv, Ist. S<arcely, GeiKn6u-ta. 

2d. Strong, healthy, i-guil, Ioi6t. 

HARE, n. Skuakuze. 

HARE-LIP, Tuehaposkan. See Tuich. 

HARLOT. See Whore. 

HARM, Hurt, r. /. Ist. To an animate object, spoiling, les-kolgoe'l- 

2d. Harm to a person, les-ches'chstem, les-lgupim, les-^gupnunem, 

les-mel-m^lehstem, les.ehtlc^pilem, les-gut^ehstem. 
HARM, 71. Ist. Slgup. 
2d. To cause hai'm, misery to . . . les-ehtleepilem, les-gutcchstein, 

Ies-chtletle6m. See Tlee. Do him no harm, '* Ta tee ks-es-ehe- 

3d. To suffer harm, detriment, les-uiehem tee stem. Chin-p6kaka, 

Chin-lgup. See Lose. I did not suffer any harm, *'Ta icp-sz- 

uichj Ta le^-ko-es eh6nem.'' 
4th. There is no harm, Ta, I-tenemiis. 
HARNESS, n. S'chagzaskaga^ten. See Agem, Chageizo. Collar. 

HARNESS, r. t, Chines-ehagzaskagaei. 

HAR 17& 

2d- I harn<j88 that horse, les-chageizem, 

^d. I harness his horse, les-ehageizeltem. 

HARNESSED, a. Es-chageize, 

HARROW, n. Agal6guten, See Xgom, Ushul^guten^ 

HARROWEE, n. Sguagal6gum, 

HARSH, a, Tastu^, See Tul. 

HARYEST,m The season of— Chgoiz%uten, 

2d. The act of harvesting, Sgoizl^gu, 

^•id. What is harvested, Szgoizl^gu, 

HARVEST, V, L Chines-goizl^gui, 

HASTEN, V, i, lst.^To be in a haste, Chines-koimmi, Chines-koifi, 
Chinefl-uamisti, Chines-goetl^chsti. 

2d. r hasten to, les-chkoimmera, les-chkoilremSstetn, les-chgoetl^- 

HASTEN, v. t. 1st. By words, les-koimzinem, Tes-koilzincm. 
2d. By action, les-koimchstem, les-koilchstera. 
HAT, n. 1st. Koazkan, anj^thing supposed to keep the head warm* 
2d. Hat stuck in the head, Zlkdin, Zlkfeinten, 
Sd. If only put over the head, I^kok^inten. 
4th. If in a form of veil, or crown, Chialkokan, 
oth. I have no hat, I-chin-ptikdin, 
6th. I pull off my hat, Chines-ptlk^ini. See PtI. 
7th. I pull off my hat by raising it, detaching it from the head, 
Chines-chagkuk^ini. See Chchek* 

8th. I put on ray hat, Chines-koizkani, Chines-zl^keini, Chines- 

-Irkok^ini, Chines-chialkokani. 
0th. I uncover my head, pulling off the bat or veil, meaning simply 

to lay the head bare, Chines-chagk6ini, Chines-chahk^ini. See 


10th. Indented, Indian hat, Es-ngeitoszkani. See Geit. 
HATCH, V. t. The pullets are hatched out, Ohlakoze^lt. 
HATCHET, n, Shelemin. 

HATE, V, t. 1st. A person, Ics-aaimem, aim^sten, Is-aaime. 

2d. The reason I hate, wliat I hate in a person, les-chsaaimenu 

M. I hate him for that, les-chsaira^ltem. 

4tb. To feel an aversion, to detest, les-cbdmem, (used for all things). 

oth. To feel an utmost disgust, loathe, Jes-koesheminem. 

6th To refuse to see or speak to, les-m^nzem. 

180 HAV 

HATEFUL, a. Worthy of hate, S'chemchemsniig. He is hateful to 
me, "I-s'chemchemsinlg." 

HATRED, n. Saaime. 

HAUGHTY, a. Kagak^gut, EB-kuti8«6ti, Es-chshitemkein. 

HAUL, V. t, les-ukum, Je8-ukukum. 

HAVE, V. i, Ist. Before nouns in the partitive sense, Chin-fepl* or 
Chin-ep — , if the noun begins hy a s, N. B. 1 call partitive, or 
indefinite nouns, those that are not preceded by the defin it-e 
article they but by the indefinite article a, an, any, some-, in 
French, de, deSy quelque, I have a honse, " Chin-epl-zitga." J 
have a wife, '' Chin-epl:-n6gonog." See Ep. 

3d. Before nouns compounded, Chin-; I have a big house, ** Chin- 
-kuten61gu.'' I have an American horse, "Chin-suipsk^gae.*' 1 
have a black dress, '*Chin-koailks/' 

3d. Before a definite noun, (1st.) If it means the ownership, render 
it by the possessive pronoun. 1 have Mary for wife, " I n- 
-n6gonog in Maly." You have God for father, "An-le6u iu 
Kolinziiten," i. e,, Mary is my wife, God is my father. (2d.) If 
it means simple occupation, possession, but not ownership, is 
rendered by the preposition I prefixed to the possessor, and 
the verb have must be something analogous to the condition of 
the object detained. Who has my hat? "L'su^t hi in-koa- 
zkan?'' i. e. With whom is my hat. I have your horse, "-L'koia 
u echsuish lu an-gatlzin," i. e. Your horse stands, is with me. 
(3d.) If it means to wear, to use such a definite object, the noun 
takes the instrumental form of the verb. I have leather shoes 
on, "Kaeshinemen \u t'stas.*' I have the red blanket on, I use 
it, *'Sizemen lu kuilze." 1 have, I use, the grey horse, ''Gatfzi- 
. nemen \u i-chgeilps, or, Chemt^usemen, \u i-chg^ilps." (4th.) 
If that definite object belongs to a third person, use the rela- 
tive form of the former instrumental verb. I have on yonr 
shoes, " Kaeshinemelzin ^^u an-kaeshin.'* He had the wife of 
his brother, ^'Nogonomefts sinze," so they say. I have horses, 
*^ Chin-epl: gatlzin.*' I have this horse, "In-gatl^zin li^.'' I 
have your horse, "L'koie lu an-gatlzin u echsuish," i. e., it is 
with me. I have the cream horse, "Gatl^zinemen hi i-chipi." I 
have, use, your roan horse, Gallzinemlzin Iu a-8go^mka.n.(5tb.) 
The same holds good for the negative. I have not; I have no 
children, "Ta iep-sgusigult." 1 have not this child, heisnotmy 

HE A 181 

child, "Tarn i-sgusigult ii6." I have not your child, **Tani Tkoie 
lu a-sgusigult." I have (use, treat,) not Paul as my child, 
" Ta sgusigultomen tu Paul." (6th.) I have not, is rendered 
also by prefixing <am in the noun, in the indefinite sense, I have 
no horses, "Chin-steni^^gatl^zin. See Ta. (7th.) To have a fever, 
head-ache, fear, etc. See each onej they are all rendered by the 
neutral verb. 

HAVERSACK, n. Snshal^gan. See Shalim. 

HAWK, n. 1st. Aatal. 

2d. Fish hawk, Ziguzigu. 

3d. Mosquito hawk. Spas, 

4th. A small one, 16ziz. 

HAY, n. Supiilegu. S^e Grass. 

HAY, V, i. Chines-goizel^gui t'supulegu. 

HAZARD, See Accident. 

HAZELNUT, n. K^ipgoe. 

HE, pron. Ist. Znilz. 

2d. Any person, hu shdi, luu suet. He that loves me, shall be loved 
in return, hii t'shdi u ko-gam^nchis, nem el-tgam^nchsten. 

HEAD, w. Ist. In all the possible senses, Splk6in, pi. Splplk^in. 
dim. Sp'plkdin. In composition, kan, khin, 

2d. Head of a river, Snleepzin; better, Snlapk^in. See hee, 
3d. Big-head, Chkutonkan. 

-tth. White-head, for persons, Pik'kan, Pkamaidkan. For animals, 

5th. Red-head, for persons, I-chkuilkan. For animals, I-chkuilps. 

6th. Double-head, Aslaiakan. 

7th. Seven-headed, Spelchaiakan. 

8th. To cover one's head, Chines-koizkani, if with the hat. Chin- 

es4kok6ini, if with the kerchief, etc., and if with the blanket, 

Chines-chmkuakdini. See Moko. 

9th. To uncover one's head, Chines ptik^ini, Chines-chahk^ini. 
10th. I uncover my head to the chief, les-chptl^k^inemlu ilimigum. 
11th. To bend the head, Ohines-npnusi. 
12th. To bow down the head, Chine8-cht6ikani. I bow down my 

head to God, **les-ch-cht6ikanem lu Kolinz6ten. 
13th. To wash the head, Chines-chzdukani. 
Uth. To cut off the head, Chines-ngotusi, Ohines-n'nichsi. 

182 HEA 

16th. To cut otf hm head, los-kolchiteHem \u splk^i's. 

16th. ToHtriko some one's head with fist, les-tamkanem. With an 

axe, leH flhelapkanem. With a stick, les-spipkanem, les- 

I7th. To iniise the head, Chines-ehshtemkeini, 
18th. To break the head, les-nzpogk^inem. 
19th. To break one's neck, Chinesntelpusi. 
20th. To smash the head, Ies46zkanem. 

2l8t. To pose, rest on the top of the head, les-nz'k^uskanem* 
22d. To lose the head, Chines-emshk^ini. See Imsh. 
28d. I put him head down, ies-nauiakanem. I am head down. 

24th. The front part of the head, S'chilehemesshin, 
25th. The back part of the head, S'kolchemapkan. 
26th. The sides of the head about the ears, S'nchem6ne. 
27th. The toj) of the head, Sntguauskan. 
For the use of these different parts in composition, See Sip, and 

observe how they are used. 
28th. I have liead-ache, Chines-tempk6in, Chines-zalk^in. 
29th. My head turns, Chines-plchk^ini, Chines-nselselemtusi. 
80th. 1 pound his head, les-t^pkanem. 
81st. Head of a dead, skull, Skaligukan. 
82d. Head hanging down towards theground, bending, Es-nilulegu. 

See Hang. 
HEAD, V. f, 1st. To be at the head, les-golshitusem, Ko-sgushiits, 

Ko-es sgu-shiiteins, /. e., He has me for his antecessor. 
2d. To lead. See Lead. 
8d. To go to the front and make a drove, a band return, les-kolza- 

HEAD, V. i. 1st. To originate as a river heads, Es-6zkaei, Es-koliii. 
2d. To tend to, Chines-ntagolusi, los-chntagolusem. 
8d. To form a head, as a cabbage, Tigusp^k^ini. , 
HEAD DRESS, n, Chialkein. See Hat. 
IIEAD-STKONG, a. Tlizkan, Aizazt, Naizazals. 
HEAL, V. L les-paag^m, les-mehm, les-mali^mem. 
HEAL, V, i. Chines-melemi, Chines-pagami, Chineles-gestuilshi. 
HEALABLE, a. Papagutem, GuUdtem. 
HEALTH, n. Sgnlil, Sguil, L e.. The good health. How is your 

health ? " Ez*s'cheni \\\ a-sk^ltich?" i, e.. How is vour bodv? 

HE A 183 

HEALTHFUL, a. let. Full of health, sound, I-gml, Gulil, Gest, 

2d. Conducive to health, Ngulguilten, 
HEAP, V. t, 1st. To unite what is separated, Jtw^-nulusenu 
2d. To amass, put all together, les-iaaminrj. 
3d. To make a pile; les-chg6ikanem, 
4th. To make a pile of wood^ les-pnim. See Pin, 
HEAP, n, Ist. Of wood^ blankets etc. Es-chgoikan, 
2d. Of hay, Es-chmkok6in. 
HEAR, V. t. 1st. To perceive by the car accidentally, passively^ 

{Fr, entendre)^ les-Jdshincm. 
2d. To give audience, attention, to listen, {Fr. ecouitr) les-s^unem. 
5th. To understand, les-nsugunem. 

4tb. To hear submissively, les-sonumtem, les-ntkukuenem. 
5th. To hear graciously {Fr, exaucer), les-seunem, les-nkonn^nem. 

See Nkonneminem. 
HEAR, V. i, Chines-l^shini, Chines-s^unei, Chines-son umti, Chines- 

ntkuku^nei. I hear of him, les-leshinem. 
HEARER, n. Sunemenziiten. 
HEARKEN, v. i. Chines-s^unei. 
HEAR-SAY, n. Szl6shin, Smiimii. 
HEART, w. 1st. Spuus. See Puiis. 
2d. Big-hearted, Kutispuus, Kutuntlu spuusz. 
8d. Faint-harted, iiikukuimspuus, ^kukuiumehi spuusz. 
-4th. I have a good heart, Gestlu ispuus. Chin-gespuus. 
5th. I have a bad heart, Teie tu i-spuiis, Chin-chespuus. 
6th. My heart is burning, Chin-ulpspuiis; My heart is burning for 

him, les-chulpspuusem. 
7th. I inflame his heart, les-kolchulpspuiisem. 
8th. My heart is cool, l-chin-gapspuus. 
9th. 1 cool his heart, les-kolchgapspuiisern. 

10th. My heart is illumined, Chingalpspuus, /. e. It becomes clear. 
Uth. My heart is clear, well lighted toward God, les ehgalpspuu- 

sem Kolinzuten. 
12th. 1 illumine his heart, les-kolchgapspuusein. 
I3th. My heart is still, I-chin-tl^il-spuiis 
Uth. My heart is pure, I-guku lu ispuus. 

15th. We must be of one heart, unanimous, I-kaeks-nkospuusi 
16th. My heart became still, l-chin-tlilpspuiis. 

184 HE A 

17th. I still his heart, Ies-tlilpspui]ksein. 

18th. My heart is dry. I-chin-gamspuus. 

19th. 1 irrigate his heart, les-chraopspuusem. 

20th. My heart is dirty, Chin-chechespuus. 

21st. I wash his heart, les-chzuuspuusem. 

22d. My heart is sick, I-chin-zalspuus. 

23d. I heal his heart, les-chpagspuusem. 

24th. My heart is stiff, I-chin-tlegspuds, I-chin-tli^spuds. 

25th. I bend his heart, les-chialspuusem. 

26th. My heart is cold, I-ohin-sulspuus. 

27th. I waiin his heart, les-t'lkaspuusem. 

28th. My heart is astray, i. e., I am astray, I-chin-nisisakai. 1-ehiii- 

29th. i govern, direct his heart, les-tgomiltem hi spui^sz. 
30th. Hard hearted, Tlizspuds, Ta ep spuds. 
31st. The heart is beating, Muknmr.ku. See Muku, Oozo. 
HBAET-BREAK, 1 am, M^ut lu ispuus, Chin-pupus^nch. 
HEAETBURN, I have the, chin-chazgu^lsi. 
HEARTLESS, Ta ep spuus. 
HEART-ROBBING, Zkuzdkut. See Zkum. 
HEAT, n. Ist. Of sun, Skukulil. 
2d. Heat of fire, fever. 
3d. Heat of outside heat of stove, etc. 
4th. Heat from coverings, comfortable heat, Skoez. 
5th. The burning-heat, Suiluilpt. See Uil. 
6th. White-heat, S'chziiku. 
HEAT, V. L Es-kukullmi, Es-tlakami, Es-chtlakami, Es-ko6zti, Es- 

-ulpmi, Es-ehziikumi, Es-zishini. 
HEAT, V, t. les-tlakam, les-chtl^kam, les-ntlakam, les-zisbem, 

les-ko^zem, les-chziikum. 
HEATHEN, n. I-tenemds sk^ligu. 
HEAVE, V. i. Of the heart, Mukumukuls. 
HEAVEN, n. S'chchemdskat, Nuist. See Sky. 
HEAVY, a, Ist. Gemt. 
2d. Oppressing, Pizpizt. See Hard. 
3d. 1 find it heavy, ponderous, les-gemtemenem. 
4th. T find it heavy, oppressing me^ les-pizminem. 
3th. 1 am heavy on him, oppressing him, les-pizem, les-siechsteni. 
HECTIC, Consumptive, a. Es-chgumi. 

HRIi 186 

HEBGE-HOG, n. Skuil; The bristle hair, Luluelz^ton. 

HEED, V, f., Ie8-s6unem, les-chka^lsem. 

HEEL, n. Ist. S'chem^pshin, lit,, the back extremity of the foot. 

2(1. Skolehemzinshin, is properly the ankle, 

*W. Of birds, Zlap^shin. 

HE Hi, n. Ist. Kadp-ste, L e., he that must have the things. I am 
the heir, " Koi^ \u ehika6p-ste. 

2d, 1 am the heir of my father, Koie lu iks-kolst^era lu steds lu 

3d, I am the heir of the house, horses, Koi6 ehika6pl:-zitgu, 
chika^pl-gatlzin. My inheritance, I-s^lkomen. My heir, my 
successor, lie that takes my place, In-nemtelpenzuten, 

HEIiLi, n. iiU esulip, L e., the flamO; Sgo^lemin, Sgo61emin zitgus. 

We are suspended on top of hell, " Kae-t'shalt^us lu Is'chnu- 

ists H sgoelemin." I fall into hell, "Chines-ntiipusi, Chines- 

-nloopusi lu lesul'ip." 1 throw him iuto hell, *^les-nzkamnusem 

\\x lesulip." I am in hell, **Chin-lzii lu lesulipj" Improperly, 

"Chines-nemtusi, Kaes-naiutusi lu [^lesulip;" EmiU means to be 

home. Hell is no home. 

HELL-GATE, n. A local appellation, Sgutpkdin. ^ 

HELL'S-GATE, Kolinchemeps lu sgo^lemin. 

HELM, n. Utchelp^ulten, Tgominton. To be at the helm of a boat, 

Chines-utchelpeuli, Chines-tgom6pi. 

HELP, r, t, 1st. To help one, les-olkshitem, les-chinshkom, les- 


2d. To help one in doing a job, is rendered by the verb relative, 

— shitem or — shtem, according to the case, 1 help him to 

work, ** les-kolshitem." I help him to catch horses, " Tes- 

az'shitem." I help him grinding an ax, " les-go^koshtem," 

3d. I cannot help that^ Tas lkont6n, Ta is-niu^ls. 
4th. To take the part of on^, les-ngazti\sem. 
HELP, r. u Chines-olkshishi. 

HELPEE, n. Olkshiszuten, Chinshiziiten. 

HELPLESS, a, 1st. Destitute of help, Chitemapile, Konkoint, 

2d. Irremediable, Tas Ikokoiitem. 

HELP-MxVTE, n. Olkshiszuien, Sel^gt, S^chmdgan. I have no 
helpmate, no husband, "Ta i^p-s'chmagan.*' 

HEM, n. Ist. At the bottom of a garment, S'chempalks. See Chem, 

2d. At the neck, Tpolkolten. 

186 HER 

3d. At the wrist, Koltepzn^chsten. Both wrists, KoIteptepzndchsteD. 

HEM, V. t, Ist. At the bottom^ Chines-chempalksi. 

2d. At the neck, Chines-tpolkolti. 

3d. At the wrists, Chines-koltepzn^ehsti. 

HEMLOCK, n. Innigu. 

HEMORRHAGE, Ist. In general, Chines-rnl'rai. 

2d. Of the nose, Chin-melldks. 

3d. Of the lungs, Chin-noz'zkaezin t'singul. I vomit blood, Chines- 

5th. Of the uterus or urethra tor both sexes, Chines-ehsinilirael- 

HEMORRHOIDS, To have, Ist. Blind, Chines-nskups. See Suknt. 
2d. Bleedings, Chines-melliips. See Mriemi. 
HEN, n. Ist. Domestic hen, Skuiskus, the real wood-phe:isant. 
2d. Prairie-hen, Sk6kolko. Sniitu. 
3d. Mountain hen, SkogolA. 
4th. Mountain grouse, Kalkalze. 

HEN-HOUSE, n. Skuskus61gu. 

HEN-ROC)ST, n. Snchaieutis skuiskus. 

HENCE, adv. Ist. As opposed to thence, le-tel-e^. 

2d. Absolute, Tel-sh6i. 
3d. For this reason, Gol sh^i. 
# HER, pron. Znilz, the same as His. 

HERALD, n. Fore-runner, Golshiszdten. 

HERB, n. The smoking weed, Skuls^. 

HERBIVOROUS, Es-gatlulegui. 

HERD, u. 1st. See Band. 

2d. Guardian of animals, Sguchit'sk^gae. 

tlERE, adv. Ist. In this place, I6-Ie6. 

2d. Toward this place, I^-che^. 

3d. Here, in verb of motion, towards the speaker, is always, pre- 
fixed to the verb. Come here, " Zguish ie-che^/' Come quick 
here, " Zuamish ft-che^." 

HERE-AFTER, a^v. le-tel-e^ m-es-lagolus. 

EIERE-AT, adv. Golsh^i. 

HEREBY, adv. T'shei, Tel-sh^i. 

HERETIC, a. Keikciusemuh 

HERITAGE, n. S^lkomen. 

HERO, See Brave. 

HID 187 

HERSELF,/>ro«, Znilz. By herself; I-znilz, 

HESITATE, See Doubt, 

HEW, V, t. les-shelim, Chines-Shel^pi, Chines-shit^pi, 

HIDE, V. t. IsU To put away from sight, les-udkum, 

2d. To put aside, les-el-kum, 

^d. To lower. See Cover. 

4:th. To hide oneself, Chines-uekui, Chines-a^kuisti. 

oth. To hide one's actions, or faults, Chines-ukumisti. 

6th. To hide oneself secretly, Chines-nkomisti. 

7th. To hide oneself from others^ Chines-kolnkomisti. 

8th. I hide myself from God, les-nkomisteml-u Kolinzuteu. 

9th. To keep secret, withhold from knowledge, ]es-ku68tem, 

lOth. To dissemble, to disguise, Chines-pagaozilkti. See Disguise, 

HIDE, V. L Chines-uekui, Chines-lkumi. 

HIDE, w, 1st. Raw, K^tite. 

2d. Dressed hide, Sipi. 

3d. Parafleshes, Snzoliguten. 

HIDEOUS, a, Ngalgalsniig, Tastiil. 

HIGH, a. Ist. Nuist. 

2d. Great, noble, Kutiint. 

3d. Tall,KulePalko. 

4th. Dear in, price, Nkutcnaksem. 

5th. Difficult, Selsilt, I^miemt. 

6th. I look high, proud, Chines-chsht'temusi. 

7th. High living, Chines-ehges^ks. 

8th. High water, Nku6st. 

6th. High-going sea, Ch\lpaketiku, Ip&kapdka lu sdulku^ 

10th. High-minded, Chines-kutiszdti, Chines-nustelsemisti. 

HlLL, n. Ist. Es-mok, Es-lmok, iiiUmku^ut, ^umkotulegu. 

2d. To go up hill, Chines-shaluti. 

3d. To go down hill, Chines-u^lkupi. 

4th. Up hill, out of trail, Es-shaltemus, See Es-shaltemus, etc» 

5th. Up hill by the road, Es-nshaltemus. 

6th. Down hill out of the trail, Es-ulkupus. 

7th, Down hill by the road, Es-nulkupaks. 

8th. Foot-hill, Skolchemul^egu. 

9th. I arrive at the foot of the hill going up, Chin-golkakatlp6nch» 

10th. I arrive at the middle of the hill, going up, Chin-golie- 

188 HIE 

11th. I travel on the hill-tops, Chin-goltagol6nch. 

12th. I go by the side of the hill, between top and foot, Chin- 

HIM, pron. 1st. Is not, rendered but bj the translative verb. See 

the paradigmata. 
2d. But when emphasized, Znilz. 1 have seen him, Uichten. Him 

I did see, *' Znilz uiehten." 
HIMSELF, pron. Znilz. By himself, I-znilz, 1-tznilz. 
HIND, a. The hind legs, Szozoshin. Front feet, Zeeze^chst. 
HINDER, V, f. Ist. From doing, les-geenim. 
2d. Hinder from going, les-mdkam. 
HIP, n. 1st. The outside. Snchemusshin. 2d. The upper side, 

HIRE, n. What 1 pay, Chtkuplemisten. See Tok. 
HIRP], V, t. Ist. Hire a person, les-ehomistem. 
2d. To hire a room, farm, etc., Ies-chgakapilem;Chines-c^lgakaplle- 
3d. To hire himself out, Chines-kdlshi, Chines-sguagaluisi. 
4th. To grant to another the use of one's farm, house, etc., len- 

5th. I have a farm, les-chtku^plem, 1 pay the rent. 
6th. 1 hire a horse, les-chtkuplaskagaem. 
7th. I hire a house, les-chtkupl^lgum. 
HIRSUTE, a. Rough haired, Chak^in. 
HIS, pron, Is rendered by — s affixed to the object possessed. So, 

House, Zitgu. His house, " Zitgu-s." 
HISS, V, i, 1st. The rattle-snake hissed, l-zos lu geolegu. 
2d. The ball, arrow hissed, I-koas. 
H STORY, n. Smimii. 

HIT, V, t, 1st. To strike simply, les-spim. See Strike, Beat. 
2d. To reach at the mark aimed at in shooting, les-ilpnunem. 
3d. To effect successfully, les-klnunem. See Succeed. 
4th. To know correctlj^, les-i-minem, i-misten. 
5th. To tell correctly by guess. See Guess. 
HOARSE, a, Chines-ns^komi. 
2(1. Hoarse-voiced, Ohines-nsekom. 
3d. I talk myself hoarse to him, les-chsnkomzinem; les-ehgau- 

gauilshem. See Gam. 
HOBBLE, I?, t, Ist. Horses, Chines-chaz'shiskagaei j Chines- 

HOL 189 

Idiwhiskagael, lit,, I tie* the feet of the horses. 
2d. I hobble that horse, Ies-chaz8hinim, les-Ichlchshinim, Ics- 

azH6m hi szozoshiis. 
HOBBLE, Hobbling, w. Lehlchshiskdgaetcn, ChazHhiskagaeten. 
HO E, n\ Neheluleguten, -^ 

HOE, V, L Chines-sheliilegui, i, e. I cut the ground with an axe. 
HOGr, w, Npelpelk^ks,, Likosh^n. 
HOI.ST, A flag, Chines-chaz^usi. 
HOLD, i\ t. Isl. To prevent from falling or running away, les- 

2d. To retain in one's possession, les-ku^stem; lkl-koi6; akl-anui; 
res-koi^meru, es-koiemsten ; As-anuiem, es-anuimstgn ; les- 
chkoi6-lem; As-chanuilem. 
3d. To restrain, Ics-ku6stem. 
4th. To stop, les-tlpim. 
5th. To receive and retain; Water. Es-nsigugumislus^ulku; Grains, 

Es-npukukumists \u spk^m. 
6th. To hold by laying one's hands on, les-chiHk^nem. 
7th. To hold by grasping, les-chinim. 
8th. To hold him fast by hand, Tes-chz'np^chsem. 
9th. To hold, to think, les-nt^lsem. 
10th. I hold my tongue, I stop talking, Chines-bdizini. 
11th. I hold my eyes fixed on him, les-chitemtiisem, les-chkaspu- 

12th. I hold m}' eyes down, Chine8-chemleml6si. 
13th. I hold his place, les-nlkalsh^pem, les-nemtelz^pem. 
I4th. I hold the reins tight, les-ntnmusem. See Tin. 
16th. I hold my baby, Chines-kuenelti; At the breast, Chines- 

HOLD, V, I. imper. Tlipsh. 
HOLD It! Es-kudsku! 
HOLD, Kemain there, Lziish. 
HOLD, Be Still, Silent, Uoizinsh. 

When meaning continuation of action, is rendered by the form 
continuative of the verb. Hold on to your work, "E8-k61ish." 
Hold on to your prayers, " Es-chduish." 
HOLE, n. In geneml, Es-log. 
2d. Hole in the ground, Es-nl^og. 
M. To make holes in the ground, Chines-zikai. 

190 HOM 

5th. To fall into a hole, Chines nlooprai. 

Hth. To full in a nuid-hole, Chines-nloop^tiku. 

7th. I throw him into a hole, les-nloom. 

Sth. I empty a hole, les-nz'sim, les-ngukum. 

9th. 1 Htop a hole, les-tkepem. 

lOth. I get .stuck in a hole, Chinos- nkeerai. 

11th. To patch a hole, les-nshimiisem 

12th. 1 have a hole in one ear, Chin-ch^go^ne; In both ears, Chin- 

13th. 1 have a hole in the ear for ear-rings, Chines-ptkiiene. 
]4:th. There is one hole, Nko^us, many holes, Es-ngoegoeus. 
EOLLOW, a. Empty inside, I-no611ze. 
HOLY, a, Xpot^ten, Hehesniig, Pagpagt. 
2d. Holy-day, Kntuntsgalgalt. 

3d. Holy water, 86ulku es ehehaupilem, Gest s^ulku. 
4th. Holy land, S'heesndlegu. 

HOMAGE, To pay homage to one, les-kolsk^ligum. N. B. Hom- 
age is from ho7no, Kolsk^ligura is from skUigv, the same deriva- 
HOME, w. Zitgu, Snemuten, Snlziiten. 
2d. 1 am home, Chines-emuti. 
3d. He is not home, l-ehoo. 
4th. I am home-siek, Chines-chop^lsi. 
5th. I go home, Chin-elgui. I bring it home, lefes-ukuin, leles- 

-guiusem. See bring. 
6th. J go to the home of the chief, Chin-gui chilimigum. 

HOME-STEAD, n. Stoligu. 

HOME-STEAD, v, t les-kolstoligum. 

HOM[CIDE,n. Theact, Spelsk61igu; 2d. The man, Sgupelskelign. 

HONEST, a. Gest, 16, I-tog. 

HONEY, n. Tish tel gamaiteni. 

HONOR, V. i, 1st. Ies-p6teem, les-heem, lez-azgam. 

2d. To honor a person, les-kolsk^ligum, les-koismisk^ligum. 

3d. To honor God, les-azgam, [es-p6teein, les-kolsmii^kolinzute- 

HONORABLE, n. Npotaen, Heheesnug. 

HOOD, n, Koazkan. 

HOOK, w. 1st. Chkeitemen. 

2d. Fish-hook, Kakamdieten. 

HAN 191 

^d. Reaping-hook, Goizleguten. 

EIOOK, r. t, lo8-ka!gum, les-chkalgum. 

2d. To hook, as an ox may do, Ie8-zi<;hem. 

HOOPS, Of casks, S'ehempize. 

Hi^P, w. Ist. S^chilialko, j9/., S'chiliaUlko. See lel. 

HOP, V, i, Es-nteltelkapenzut. 

HOPE, w. Ist. The act of hoping, Snmusels. 

2d, The virtue of hope, Snnniselsten. 

3d. The ohject hoped for, Sznmusels. 

4th. The ground of hope, Chnmuselsten. 

HOPE, V. i, 1st. in a person, Ics nmiiselsem, les-tku^lsem, les- 

tkuelsemistem, les-kuten^lsem, les-noningufenem. 
2d. To hope for that reason, on that ground, les-ehnmuselsem. 
HOPEFUL, Inspiring hope, Nmuselsutem. 

HOPELESS, a. J am, Ta i^pl-Shushu6I, Ta islgup^l, Ta iepi-nmu- 
selsten, Chin-gutemmsziit, Chin-kolgotip, Chin-emskanemist, 
Chin-o6st, Chinhui. 
HORN, w. Ist. Kagamin. 

2d The horns are budding, Ohines-chkuel^pls'chin. See Kual. 
3d. To shed off the horns, Chin-malkus. 
4th. Long horns, Usushshin^pi^s'chin. 
5th. Blanching horns, 1-kuispcls'chin. 
6th. Powder-horn, Szutem^lze. 
Tth. To hook with the horns, les-zichem. 
HORN, n. Musical instrument, Npugulzeten. 
HORNET, n. Sk6ul. 
HORRIBLE, 1st. a. Tast:;^, Kususten. 
2d. To speak horribly, Nkuskuszin. 
3d. To treat one horribly, Ies-nkus6ltichem. 
UORRrPY, V, t. 1st. By deeds, les-kus'ch^em. 
2d. By words, les-nkuskuszinem. 
HORSE, n. Ist. In general, Snchilzaskagae. 
2d. With pron. po^s. Gatlzin. My horses, In-gatizin. See Gatl. 
M. My riding horse, In-chemt6usten. See Emiit. 
4th. My pack horse, 1-sguko^H. See KohH. 
oih. Work horse, Zkumin, Zkuminten, Zkunzuten. 
'6th. Mare, Sm6mshin. 
Tth. Stallion, Es-milmilko^pils. 
"^th. (xclded horse, Es-kooko^pils. 

192 HOR 

9th. Male in general, Skaltemusk^gae. 

lOth. Colt, iikakaiche. Of one year,Lkokorai5u»,i:ikokoma8kagae. 

llth. Young horse, Skukiiimlt'skigae. 

12th. Old horse, Pogt'skaji^ae. 

13th. Spotted horse, Es-kai^lgu. 

I4th. Cream horse, with black t«il, I-chpailgu. Cream horse with 

white tail, I-ehpikalps. 
1 5th. Brown horse, I-chlch61gu, l-chlpokolgu. 
16th. Grey horse, I-chg^ilps. 
1 7th. Bald face horse, l-pkaus. 
18th. Koan horse, Guamkan. 
19th. Read-eared horse, Chgumgu6ne. 
20th. Bay horse, I-kuiL 
21st. White grey horj^e, I-puo. 
22d. Sorrel horse. I-p^gu. 
23d. Black horse, I-ko6i. 
24th. Mouse color horse, I-chpumelgu. 
25th. Branded horse, Es piga. 
26th. Shod horse, Es-kakaeshin. 
27th Splitted ears horse, Es-chsk^ne. 
28th. Cropped ears horse, Chgotups. 
29th. Bob-tailed horse, Chgotups. 
30th. Bore-eared horse, Es-chlgo6ne, K8-chl:golgo<^»»e. 
3Ist. Pacer, Es-minmilshi. 
32d. Race horse, KoUkolt. 
33d. Horse pen, corral, Skologoskagaeten. 
34th. Horse whip, K^igumen. 
35th. To buy a horse, Chines-tosk^gaei. 
36th. To give a horse, Ohines-guzshskagaei. 
37th. To lend ahorse, Chines-kotliskagaei, 
38th. To drive loose or pack horses, Chines-keigiiskagaeif 
39th. To drive away horses, les-ig^m. 
40th. To drive back horses, ies-kolzakom. 
41st. To drive a team holding the lines, ChineM-cbcUinp!a»kuj(itf<' 

See Chin. 
42d. To drive farther, Chines-usshilshiskagaei. 
43d. To seek the hones, Chines-tlask^gaei. 
44ih. To catch a horse, Chines-azk^gaei. 
45th. To bring a horse, les-ukum, les-guiusem. 

HOR 193 

46th. To lead by hand a horse, les-chchiiiepilem. 

47th. To bridle a horse, Ohines-kolazpaskagaei. 

48th, To saddle a horse, Chines-ntkochiskagaei. 

49th, To pack a horse, Chines-kolchiskagaei. 

oOth. To harness horses, Chineschagz'skagaei, 

olst. To unbridle horses, Chines-kolpilpaskagaei, 

o2d. To spur a horse, Chines-kolkoltelkanchskagaei. 

53d. To halter a horse, Chines-lgupuskagaei. 

54th. To mount on a horse, Chines-chlrkalsh^usi. 

55th. To ride a horse, Chines-cheint^usi. 

56th. To dismount, to come down from horseback, Chines-tipenziiti. 

57th. To bring to water a horse, Chines-tamskagaeij 

58th. To unloose a horse, Chin-talsk^gaei. 

59th. To unload a horse, les-ehtalizeni. 

60th. To loose horses, Chin-oskagaei. 

6lst. To brand horses, Chines-chteehskagaei. With rod^hot iron, 

62d. To guard horses, Chines-ehit'skagaeL 
63d. To feed horses, t^hines-amskai^aei. 
64th. To turn a horse out of the way, les-pelutem. 
65th. Wild horse, U^kaiikt, Tas tgogo. 
66th, Grentle horse, Sensant, Es-tgugo. 
67th. To break horses, Chines-azazkagaoi, les-azazn iiniMn^ los- 


68th, To hold the reins or lines tight to, Chines-ntenmuskagaei, 

69th. To swap horses, Chines-naiguskagaei. 

70th. To change horse, ChinC?iS-kolis!:agaei. 

7l8t. Bucking horse, Nemz'mz'z'kole, 

72d. American horse, Suipskagae, 

73d. French horse, Samiskagae. 

74th. To shoe a horse, bines- kashiskagaei. 

75th, I have no horses, Chin-chstemlgatlzin. 

76th. To cheer, shout at the horses, when swimming a stream, les- 

HORSE-FLY, n, Chatenlka. 
HORSE-SHOE, n. Kaeshin, 
HOSTAGrE, 1st. To give a hostage, J!es-tki)seniseni hi ... I give 

my son as hostage, ^*les-tkoseusem lu iskus^e." 
2(1. To be hostage. Chines tkos^us. 

194 HOW 

HOSTLER, n. Sgiuhit'skdgae. 

HOT, a. Ist. Hot weather, sun, I-kukiilil. 

2d. Hot ir general, I-tlaka. 

5id. Hot water, I-ntUka, Nzish. 

4th. Hot outwardly, as a stove, etc., I-chtlikka. 

5th. Hot, fusions, Knels'ehiit. 

HOTBED, hn ks-zspsipshilshi. 

HOUR, n. 1st. S'lichch. See wSelkh. N. B. Sgomt, is out of um 

already. What hour is it now ? Kuiiish s'licheh. At what 

hour? Lchen-mnug? At this same hour, L'ezag^l-mnug To 

strike the hours, Es-koiko61ti lu sl^p'pakani. 
2d. The time. See Time. 
HOUSE, «. Ist. zitgu. 
2d. Log-house, Sl^ukulgu. 
3d. One house, Xkoelgu ; Three houses, Chetl6lgu ; Four houses, 

M:;slgu, etc. 
4th. Small house, ^kukuim^Igu. 
5th. Big house, Kuten61gu. 
6th. Bad house, Ches61gu. 
7th. Nice house, Ges61gu. 
8th. Dilapidated house, with holes, Slgo61gu. 
9th. High house, Nust^Igu. 
10th. The near house, Sgam^Ign. 
11th. The distant house, Lkot^gu. 

12th. At the front of the house, Lchemchin^Igu. • 

13th. At the rear of the house, Lehempolegu. 
14th. On the top of the house, Lchemkan^lgu. 
15th. Inside of the house, L'zitgu. 
16th. 1 build a hou«e, Chines-k6llgui. 
17th. 1 roof the house, les-nzlkokanelgum. 
18th. 1 floor the house, les-galelpem. 
19th. I daub the house, Chines-tel^^lgui. 
20tb. T go in a house, Chinc8-n61gui. 
2l8t. To go from house to house, Chines-ngusgust^Igui. 
22d. I buy a house, Chines-teulgui. 

HOVER, r. i. To be suspended in the air above, Es-ehshaluszuti. 
HOW, adv. Ist. Lchen u ezageil ? Fut, Lohen m-ezag^il ? How 

big ? Lchen u ezageil l^u skutunts? or, Lchen uezag^Iskutiint? 

See Agal. 

HUM 195 

2d. How am I ? Lob en u chin-ezageil ? 
Si\. How do T do ? Lchen ii chin-ag^ilem ? 
-4th. How do I say ? Lchen u <.hin-€gukunein ? 
oth. How do 1 think ? Lchen u chin-nagal^ls ? 
^th. How many ? Kuinsh ? How many days ? Kuinsh^skat ? 
7th. How long? Lchen n ezag^lskasip ? 
Mth. How long ago ? Spist^m ? 

HOW, (2d, not interrogative) Lsh^i u ez&g6il. I know not how 

long I shall live, " Ta smist^n t-sh^i m-ezag&Iskasip m-chin- 

-gustelttis," I know how many dollars jou have, " Es-mist^n 

kiiinsh lu anululim ; Tshei u ezag^lsgoeit hi atvululim." 

HOW, (3d, exclamation), 16! How do T love thee! 16 ku-in- 

gam6nch ! How good ! lo lu sgest ! Lu sgest I 
HOW, (4th, for what reason ?), Ez's'ehen ? How you are mad ? 

E'z'Rchen ku-aimt? SeeCyhen, 
HO WE VEK, f^onj, yet, still, Ku, Ku pen. I was already willing t<» 

strike you, however 1 will not, ** U^ tie ks-lzenzin, ku t-ju" 
HOWL, V. L Chines-ntlagzini, Ohines-n^i. 
HUCKLEBERRY, n. Stishi. See Tish, 
HUG, V. i, les-nchelshusem, les-zanem lu lispuus. 
HUMBLE, a. 1st, thinkinglowlyot oneself, Chines-nkonnelsemisti, 
Ohines-konkontelsemisti, ("Jhin-eutelsemisti, Konkoint hi is- 
puds, Chines-temelsem^sti. 
2d. Low, mean, Chin-konkoint. 

HUMBLE, r. /. 1st. Chines-konkon^sVhiti, Chines-k^llsti chin- 
-konkoint, Chines-ishilshszuti, Chines-lkukuimsziiti, ('hineH- 
2d, 1 ^m humhle in my heart, Ohines-tnielsem^sti. 
3d. I tjhtnk myself the last, Chin-eutelsemisti. 
HUMl^LE, V. t, les-tkom, les-zeeshim, les-ishilsheui, !e>i-e2^ut'f>teni, 

Ie^-ehit6ikanem, les-chishilshusem. 
HUMIIJITY, n. Ist, as an act, Snkonnelsemist, 
2d, as viirtue, Nkonnelsemisten. 
HUMIfflrNG-BIRD, n. Gonimgonem. 
HUMOp, Ist. To be in bad humor, Chines nchgut't^lsi, (Hiines- 

2d. To sipeak in bad humor, Chines-gut^tzini. 

3d. To ld)ok good-humored, Chines oimsi^ I-<-hin-oim8, I-chin-gesV. 
See iG^s. 

196 HUK 

4th. To look ill-humored,, I-chin-ches's. 

HUMOROUS, a. Nposp'szin. 

HUMP, 71. Ist, Es-rnoko. 

2d. Hump-baeked, w. Fls-ncinkoiehin. 

HUNDUFII), num, impers. Nkokein ; pers. Chnkokein. 

HUNGER, n. S'ch'skam^lten, Skam61ten. 

HUNGRY, a. Chinen-ehskam^lteni, Chines-neHn^lsi. T am hnngn' 
of tobacco, " Ohin-eh8kam6 i'smenit^u/' 1 am hungry of the 
pi-ayer, " Ch^kameltemen \u nchaumen." 

2d. Chineg-kagueisi, Chines-ulnui. These two verbs are used for 
begging food when one is hungry. All arc used also meta- 
phorical 1}^ 

HUNT, V. 1. 1st, m gen ei-al, (7hine8-c-hi}pmi. 

2d. To hunt buffalo-cows in winter, Chines imshel nisi, Chin-chstoma. 

3d. To hunt buffalo-bulls in spring, Ohines-uikalzei. 

4th. To hunt beaver, to trap beaver, Chines-azazmi, Chines-chska- 

5th. To hunt martins and other small animals, Chines-chin^ini. 

6th. To hunt deer, Chines-chilpmi, Chin-chszooligu, and so on j 
when expressing the idea of going after such an animal, prefix 
ch to the name of the animal. \ 

7th. To hunt prairie-chickens and the like, Chines-tatapmi. 

8th. To look for, les-tlutluusem, les-chilpim. 

HUNTER, n. 1st, Sguchilip. Our hunters, Kae-sgnchilip. 

2d. Good hunter, Chilchilpul, Polpolsemul. 

3d. Annoying, useless hunter, Uhiipemen. 

4th. Successful hunter, Chsulkanalka. 

5th. Sguimsheluis, Sguuikalze, Sguchin^in, Sgnazim, accoiding to 
the game the hunter is after. 

HUNTING, n. S'chiHp, Suikalze, Simsheluis, etc. 

Hunting-outfit, Chiiptin. 

Hunting-horse, Nchiltin. f 

Hunting ground, Snchilptin. 

HURL, r. t. les-zkaminem, les-iskolem. 

hurrah: Hai6h: 

HURRY, i\ t. 1st, by actions, les-koimchstem, les-kMlehstem, 
les-goetlechstem, les-uamistem. 

2d. To huiTy by words, les-koimzinera, ies-koilzincni. 

HURRY, V, /. Chines-koimmi, Chines-koilemisti, Chines-uamisti. 

1 197 

HXJl^T, r. f, Ist. To cause harm in general, Ies4gupim, les-lgnp- 

2d. Xo cause bodily harm, les-Lguzguzm^chsteTn. 
Sd. To cause afflktion, les-pupus^nchem. 
4th. To impair the usefulness, Jes-kolgo^riem^. 
5th. To treat badly, les-melm^lchstein. 
6th. To wound the feelings, les-ehoinzutera. 
HUHT, a. 1 am hurt, Ist, bodily, Chines-igup. Ai'e you hurt? 

A ku4gup ? 
2d. 1 am hurt, wounded in mj'^ feelings, Ko-ee-cboinzutem. 
Hd. 1 am hurt, made useless, Chin-kolgo61, Ohin-kolgo^ri. 
HUSBAND, n. Ist. Sg^lni. See Gelui. 
2d. Consort, Snkulk6lil, Snkulngonogu6us. 

3d. C/Onsort in comp, Pu-, prefixed to the name. The husband ol 
Anne, " Pu-An." Whoso husband art thou'/ **Ku-pu-suet T' 
You are the husband of two, you are bigamous, " Ku-pu- 
4th. The husband of the woman abused by me, I-sleezinem. 
5th. I take a husband, Chines-kolsg^lui. 

6th. I take him ior my husband, les-^^luiem, les-kolsgeluiem. 
HUSBAND, V, t les-n^mem. 
HUSH, V, i. 1st, to keep still, I-chin-tlil. 
2d. To keep silent, Chines-hdizini. 
3d. To put oneself still, Chines-tiilemisti. 
4th. To stop talking, Chines-choopmi. 
HUT, poor, Slgo^lgu. 
HYMN, 71. Ist. Ko^lemen. See Nkun6i. 
2d. The hymn to Mary, Snko^nzintis Maly. 
8d. The hymns of David, Snku^nzis David. 

HYPOCKITE, a, Es-gesgest'szuti, Es-ukuniisti, Tktakat. See 



I, pron. 1st. Koie6. 

2d. It is I, Chin-koiee. I am indeed myself, I-chin-koice. 

3d. I alone, 1-chin-chinaks. 

198 ILL 

4th. 1 indeed, I-koie6. 

ICE, n. Ist. Sg6imteku. ^ 

2d. Water froze into iee, Snimip. 

3d. What has been frozen into ice, Szni^m. See Freeze. 
4th. Drifting iee, Snsukuku. 

ICE, V, t, les-nimp^m, les-ni^m. 

IDEA, See Thought. 

IDENTICAL, a, I. I am the identical person, I-chin-nbei. You 
are the identical person, I-ku-shei. He is the identi^^l fellow, 
L-sh6i. He is the identical fellow that eame, Li-shei u zgui. 

IDENTIFY, V. t. le^es-suguin. 

IDIOT, a. I-koka6u, Ps4ie, Ta ep-szomk6in, Tas kulp4g. 

IDLE, a, 1st, unprofitable, l-tenemds. Idle talk, l-tenemds smimij. 

2d. Unoccupied, unemployed, I-tenemiis — joined with the analo- 
gous verb. An idle horse, I-tenetn6s es-a^z, if he be tied up; 
l-tenemds es-tasti, if he be loose. I am idle at home, I hav<* 
nothing to do at home, I-tenemus chin-em ut. 

3d. Averse to labor, Chinesnu^ilsi. 

4th. Sluggish, Shept. 

5th. Lazy, working slow, Gopt. 

6th. Getting tired, Chines-sh4lli. 

IDLE, i\ i. Chines-sjidlli, Chines-nu^ilsi.* 

IDLENESS, n. 1st. As an act, Snueils. 

2d. Habitual idleness, Snuilshfemen. 

8d. Inclining to idleness, Snu^ilsten. 

IDLER, n. Gopt, Nuilsemen, iShcllamen, Shalt^men. 

IDOLIZE, V. t li s-kfeigtem. 

IF, row/. Isl, in past, Kii, lu ; in future, hi ne. See ( -onditioiml 
Mood in the conjugations of the verb. 

2d. Whether. See Whether. 

IGNOBLE, a. Konkoint. 

IGNORE, V. t. Tas mist^n, Ta niii. 

ILL, a. 1st, physically, Tas gest, Zal. 

2d. Morally, T6ie, Tas gest. Sec Humor, (yhes. 

3d. Not convenient, Tas 16. 

4th. I take it in ill part, Ta isniu^ls. 

ILLICIT, a. Es-chgacn6pile. 

ILLIMITABLE, Ta cps'h6i, Ta ep-snptWmus. 


IMM 199 

1L.L-XATUKED, m-hesels^men. 

ri^IiNESS, n. Szal. 

ILL-TREAT, v, t. Tas gest u ies-ag^ilem, ieB-meim61eh8tein, les- 

ILLUMINATE, v, t. les-ze^kuiTiy les-chpegoizem. See Pa^ka, 

Pegu, Gal. 
ILLUSION, to be under. un iliusion, Chin-chselseKis. See 8eJ. 
ILLUSTRIOUS, a. lopi^ot, Sisius. 
IMAGE, n. Ist. Skolkaii, or Skolk6i. 

2d. Image made by oneself, by photographing, Skolkainzut. 
Sd. Illustration, parable, figure, Ghsugum^ten, KolHugnmeten, 
Ghsugumezinten. See Sugom, Figure, Portrait. 

IMAGINE, r. t. Ist, to form an idea of. , les-ntebem, les- 

2d. To device, les-kulpagem. 

IMAGINE, V, i, Chines-kulpagami, Chines-nt^lsi, Chinos nagal^Ini. 
IMBECILE, a. Gopt, Lkoku6u. 
IMBUE, with blood. See Blood, Tlum. 

IMITATE, i\ t Ist. Chines-zag^ili t lit. I do as he does. 1 

must imitate the meekness of J. C., ^'Chikaezagalsnkamelse- 
misti t'es-nkamelsemisti hi J. C," lit.y I must be as meek as 
Jesus (/hrist. les-zdmem, les-tel4uiem, Ies-nzuzu(;ehsem. See 
Zuu. les-ehshinim. See Chishinim. les-nguiem. See Gui. 
les-nshiist^kseni, les-nshiust'shinem, Nshiust'shisten, les- 
-nshiustem, les-nshistepem. See Shiust. 
8d. Imitate, to mimic the words of, les-zuzuzinem. To mimic the 

actions of, Ies-zuzu6chsem. 
IMITATOR, n. Zamenzuten, Nzazuechsenziitet), Nchshintin. 
IMMACULATE, a. Ta epl-es-chit6ko, Ta epl-es-uilem, Ta epl-es- 

-uelemszut, l-issish, I-guku, I-ngukulze. See Guku. 
IMMEASURABLE, a. Tas sugugumutem. 
IMMEDIATELY, adv, Ist, quick, Goetl6. 

2d. Immediately after, I-. Come immediately after meals, *' Ne 
i-ku-uis-ilen m-ku-zg{ii." After these words he died imme- 
diately, " I-kolku61t u tlil." 
*dd. Immediately before. See Just. 
IMMEDICABLE, a, Tas papagdtem. 
IMMENSE, a. Ta ep-snptlemus. 
IMMERSE, V. t 1st, linen, les-ntkoetikum. 

200 IMP 

2(i. To immerse the finders in water, Chiiies-ulorliistetikui. 

3d. To immerse bread in liquid, les-nkueleni. 

4ib. To immerse a person, les-nlo6tikum. 

IMMIGRANT, a. Ks-tluthiusi t'stoligu. 

IMMODERATE, a. Taa tu*. 

IMMODEST, a., in general, Cheehet. 

2d. Immodest talk, Chines-ehechozinmisti. 

3d. Immodest actions, Chines-ehechemszuti, (*hino.s-kiu»uiiiisti. 

IMMOLATE. See Sacrifice. 

IMMORAL, a. Tas gest, T^ie, Tas i/». 

IMMORTAL, a. Tas teHiitem. 

IMMOVABLE, a. Taks-iat't, Taks-iumi. 

IMMUTABLE, a. Taks-tigugnlem. 

IMPAIR. See Deteriorate. 

IMPALPABLE, a. Taks-ehnugugu. 

IMPART, V. t, 1st, to give, Ics-guiz'shem. 

2d. To give news, Chines-mimimi. 

IMPARTIAL,^. I-tog. 

IMPASSABLE, a, Tas guiiitem. 

IMPASSIBLE, a. Taks-nguzgnzmels 

IMPATIENT, a, Tas ni^uiols, Tas niu^ls. 

IMPEACH, v. ^ Jes-nemlfepem. 

IMPENETRABLE, a. Int. Tas giiiutein. 

2d. Inaccessible, Tas chs^gaga, Tas chdiiitutiMn. 

IMPERCEPTIBLE, a. Tas uchchuteni. 

IMPERFECT, a. Tarn p6tu Khei, Koltuin. 


IMPERIOrS, 'I. laiat. 

IMPERTINENT,./. Sec ArrogujU. 

IMPERVIOUS, ii, Tas guiutem. 


IMPIOUS, a. Kudukot. 

IMPLEMENT, n, K6lemen. 

IMPLORE, r. ^ Mil I imploi*e your mercy I •* Mi ko-nkoniu' 

mint I" Uf.y Please have mercy on me. Sec Plead. 
IMPORT, V. t, les-ukum, les-guiem, les-zguicm. 
IMPORTANCE, n. Snkutenaksem. 
IMPORTUNK, V. t. 1st, by actions, les-sicchstcm. 
2d. Importiinc by word.s, les-siizinem. 

IMP 201 

^d To annoy by words, Tes-mezinem. 
4th. To annoy by actions, les-mechstem. 
IMPORTUNATE, a. Mera^et, Es-nmezinemist, Nmemezin. 
IMPOSE, V, t. Ist, to impose ashes on the head, Chines-chpokok^ini, 

See Pkum, Put, Feign, Cheat. 
2d. To impose the hands, les-tak^m, Ies-chiltak6nem, 
»^d. To impose the hands by stretching them on, les-chgupgupm^- 

IMPOSSIBLE, a. 1st, that cannot be done, Tas koriutem. 
2d. That cannot be attained, Tas Ikokoutem. See Possible. 
IMPOSTOR, n. See Feign, Cheat. 
IMPOTENT, a. 1st. Tas ioi6t. 
2d. Unable (I am) to do a specified thing, Tas Ikonten, Tas Ikomu- 

IMPREGNABLE, a. Tas Ikokoutem. 
IMPRESS, V, t. 1st, to make an impression on that object, les- 

-kaim. It is not impressed by, Tas kali. 
2d. To impress oneself with a mark, Chines-kainzuti. 
3d. To produce marks, image of that object (express), les-kulkaim. 
4th» To impress his own features on an object, Ghines-kulkainzuti, 
Chines-kul^zuzuunzuti. See Zuu. It is not impressed on, Tjis 
IMPRESSIOlS^, 1st, produced on an object, Es-zuu, Es-kei. 
2d, Produced by the object, Es-kulzuu, Es-kolkei. 
IMPRINT. See Impress, Impression, Mark, Stamp. 
IMPRISON, V, t. 1st. les-nlo6m I'snlcheminten, les-kunem. 
2d. Imprison and handcuff, les-lchim. 
IMPROBABLE, a. Goa ta. 
IMPROPER, a. Tas i6, Tas gest. 
IMPROVE, V. L Chin-eKgestuilsh, Chines-gestilshi, Chin-el^-meel, 

IMPROVE, V, t. Tes-gestim, les-gestilshem, Ies-k61em telzi gest. 
IMPROVIDENT, a, Tas-ku^pagami. 
IMPUDENT, a 1st, shameless, Ta epl^ nzeshtin. 
2d. Arrogant. See Arrogant. 
IMPUGN, V. t, Tes-ntamzanem. See Ta. 
IMPURE, a. 1st, water. Tarn nsishkii, Ntiku. 
2d. Dirty, Chech6t. 
IMPURITY, w. Chech^t t^ie. 

?02 IN(^ 

IMPUTE, r. f. Ist, to charge, les-tkaim, Ics-kaim. 

2d. Impute something to a man, les-tkainhitem. 

3(1. Impute that to him, les-tkaiKem. 

11^, prep, Ist. L. In the house, " L'zi.1gu." 

2(1. Usually the verb takes the prefix /(. i put it in the sack. 
" N-tkont^n \u Ttlakane." 

INACX^ESSIBLE, rt. Ist. Tas ehehiitiitem, Tas ehsagamuiem. 

2d. Inaooessible to the knowledge, Tas mipiitem. 

INACC.TTKATE, a. Tarn p6tu sh6i, Tarn i-tog. 

INADEQUATE, a. Tarn potu shei. 

INADVERTENCE, n. S'slup. What wr do inadvertently, hu 
kae-s'slup. See Sel. 

INANIMATE, a. Ta ep sngapeu^. 

INATTENTION, n. Spaupot. 

INATTENTIVE, a. Pdupot, I-p6u. 

INAUDIBLE, a. Tas seuunutem. 

INCALCULABLE, a, Tas siinuteni. 

INCANDESCENT, a. Es-ehziiku. 

INCANTATION, a. Stlekuilsh. To practice inoantation8,Chines- 

INCAPABLE, a. 1st, incapacity for passive reception of anything, 
action, etc., is rendered by Tas — uteni, as it appears from sev- 
eral examples under this very lettei-. Soe Capable. 

2d. Incapacity ofperforming an action, etc., is rendered by — mutem 
affixed to the root of the verb. 

INCARNATE, i\ t 1st. To incarnate himsoit; Chines-kolisti chiu- 

2d. To give flenh to, [es-kolsk^ltichshtem, les-k61shitem t'k-skel- 

IN(^ENSE, n. Motemen. 

INCENSE, V. i. Perfume with incense, Ics-kolmootem. 

INCENSED, a. Furious, Chines-ku6ls'chit, 1-chin-kue*. 

INCESSABLE, a. Incessant, Tas hoi. See (\)ntinue. 

INCP]ST, n. To commit incest, les-nakoni fu i-snkusigu, -Lii 

II^CITK, V. t. 1st, in general, les-kupem. 

2d. To start, Ies-g61em. 

IN('LINEI), a. Ist. Chin-ep s'thguiutoni, Chinc^s-chtuem. Set- 

IND 203 

2<i. A tree is inclined, it is off its perpendicular, Es-koz'chemi, 

I^NTCLOSE, r. /. Ist. AVitli a fence, les-kologom, les-ehogoizem. 

See Fence. 
2d. Inclose, to fold in, to j)ut in an envelope, etc., les-npu^usem. 
INCLOSUEE, n. Int. Fence, Kologomin. 
2d. With rails, les-choiroizem. 
JlSrCOMMODE, c.t. Ics-melm^lchstem. 
INCOMMUNICATIVE, a. Tarn uem^men, Tas niimimuh 
IISrCOMPARABLE, a, 'fa epl ezageil. 
INCOMPATIBLE, 1st, in general, Taks-nkiilziims hi Es-she- 

2d. Persons of incompatible temper, Taks-nkulaieut. 
INCOMPKEHENSIBLK, a, Ta kaes-chisegai, Ta kaes-chchiit. 
INCONSIDERATE, a. I'as kulpagami. 
INCONSTANT, a. Tat't, Pelpilt. " 
INCONTESTABLE, a. I-mii, Taks-tamstem. 
INCONTROLLABIiK, /?. Tak«-tgogomutem, Tas az'zutem, 

INCONVENIENT, a. Tas io, Tas tog, Tigulem. 
INCORRECT, a. Tas tog, Tigulem. 

INCORRIGIBLE, a, Tas seune, Tas Ikokoutem, Ta ep^ tent^ne. 
INCORRUPTIBLE, a. Lst. Taks-aamt, Taks-mauti, Taks-koU- 

go^ri, Taks-chestuilsh. 
2d. Honest, l-tog. 

INCREASE, IK I. Ist. In number, Chines-goetuilshi. 
2d. In bulk, quantit}', Chines-kutentilshi. 
8d. It is expressed b}' the inchoative form of the verb — ilsh. See 

nearly all the adjectives. 
INCREDIBLE, a. laiasnug, Keikeiusnug. 
INCULPATE, V, t, Ist. Accuse, les-nemiepem. 
2d. Reproach, les-chilikojicm. 
INDEBTED, a. Ist. I am indebted to him for a tavor that he or 

others bestowed on me, for his sake, Ies-ch'hem*m, Ch'henien. 

I am indebted to his mother for, etc., Ch'hemlten hi skois. 

The person I am indebted to, In-ch'hemten. 
2d. I am indebted (ironically) to him for harm received, Ko-chtiee- 

pil6is, Ko-tleemsles. See Tlee, Cause, Harm. 
3d. Having a debt, Cliin-cpl gulguilt, 

204 , IND 

INDEED, adi\ Ist. Really, Shei, Un^gu, Imii, I-tmii. 

2d. Absolute, affirming, N6ti. 

INDEFATIGABLE, a. Tas ^igotutem, Guaguiat. 

INDEFECTIBLE, a. Indeficienl, l-ku6mtem, Taks-zsip'p. 

INDELIBLE, a, Ta kolgukup, Taks-koUgo^lM, Taks-cho. 

INDEMNIFY, v, t, les-nkolisusem. 

INDENTED, a. Geit. 

INDEPENDENT, a. Ist. To act by itself, by its own free will, 

l-koi6e, I-anui, I-znilz, I-spuus, I-koi^e u ehin-op szntels. 
2d. To be independent, not subject to anybody, Ta i-epl^ ilimigum. 
3d. To be without superior, father's assistance, l-ehin-chitem^pile. 
4th. To disregard others' will, adhering tohisown, Chin-ioi68puus, 

INDIAN, a. Skeligu. What kind of man or Indian are you? Ku- 

-stem^ligu? I am ar Indian, Chin-skeligu. 
INDICATE, V. t. 1st. By pointing out, les-zokom. 
2d. To show, les-meiem. 
INDIFFERENT, a. 1st. Not being particular in the choice, Ta i»- 

2d. Unimportant, I-tenemus. 
3d. Of a middle quality, She-sh^i. 
4th. To have no preference, Ta i-ep szntels, 
5th. Not being different, Tas tigulem, 

6th. Free from prejudice, impartial (I am), Ta i-ep s'chgulutem. 
INDIGNANT, a, Chines-aimti, Ta is-niuals. See 16. 
INDISPENSABLE, a, Taks-tam. 
INDISSOLUBLE, a. 1st. By itself, Ta kaej-talpeus, Ta kael- 

2d. By outside power, Ta ks-taleus, Ta ks-gokueus. 
INDIVISIBLE, a. Ta ks-go6usem. 
INDOLENT, a. Nuils^men. 

INDOMITABLE, a. Tas tgogo, Taks tgogo, Tlizt. 
INDORSE, V. t. Chin-zuti shei, les-nshi^lsem. 
INDUCE, V. t, 1st. By soft words, les-tot^uzinem. 
2d. By attractive ways, les-zkukununem, les-zkum. 
INDULGE, V. t, 1st. To love anything, In-gamench. 
2d. To let himselt be overpowered by — I indulge in sleep, ('hines- 

3d. To be lenient to, les-toteuem. 

INH 205 

IN'OULGENCE, n. Kae-snkoiiin \u tel Lpap, Nkonnltumshtis \u 
t'ljpap iu rnkdlistislu che6 kae-gulguilt \u gol teie kael- 
-kolgo^liilt, i. e., Favor to people from the Pope, for the satis- 
faction of our yet debt for sin already forgiven us. 
INDXJSTKIOUS, a. Pagpagt, Guagu^at. 
lNr> WELL, 17. t, Ie8-nemt61zeem, Jes-naiat61zeni, if I abide in more 

than one peraon. 
INEVITABLE, a. 1st. Taks-tam, Tas Ikokotem. 
2d. That cannot be avoided on the road, Taks-niskasutem. 
INEXTINGUISHABLE, a. Taks-leps, Taks-lepsutem. 
INFALLIBLE, a, Ist. Not liable to err, Taks-sellip'p. See SeJ. 
2d. Not liable to fail, 1-mii. 
3d. Not liable to err in teaching, Taks-aelp'zin. 
INFANCY, n, Sogt^lt, Sknkuiume. 
INFANT, n. Ogt^lt, Skukiiimelt. 
INFECT, V. t. les-chinilem, les-chchinugumineni. 
INFECTED, Chines-chchinug. 
INFECTIOUS, a. Chinug'gutem. 
INFEKIOE, a. Ishut, Kolishut. 
INFIDEL, a. Keikeisusemul^, l-tenemus, I-chemish sk^ligu, Tas 

INFINITE, a. Ta ep 8'h6i, Ta ep snptlemus. See Endless. 
INFIRM, a. Es-tkutkoli, Uit6men. 
INFLAME, V, t. To set on fire, les-ulusem, les-ulim. 
INFLAMMABLE, a, Ululp;;!. 
INFLATE, V, t, les-peum. 
INFLECT, V, t les-ialkuin. 
INFORM, V, t 1st. To impart knowledge, les-mimishiteni, les- 

2d. To accuse, declare a fact, Jes-nemiepeni. 
3d. To get dac knowledge of a fact, les-chsniniepem. 
INFORMATION, n. As given, I-smimii ; as received, l-s'chsn- 

INGENIOUS, a. Pagpagt. 
INGRAFT, See Graft. 
INHABIT, V. t. les-nemutem. 
INHERIT, ?-. t, 1st. A person to succeed one, les-nenit61peni, les- 

2(i. An object, Koiee chika^p st^, I-s61komen. See Heir. 

206 INS 

3(i. To receive by birth, les-nkujnkoriem, Nkufnk6riemen, le^ 
-nkujk6riepi. We inherit the sin of Adam, " Raes-Tikuln| 
k6riemestera \u t6ie Bzku6i8 Adam,'* because we reeeive h 
from the moment of our conception. Kaes-nkulkoPlemstorn 
We receive it with our birth. 

4th. To have a thing propogated to us, Jes-chraelku^pera, le^- 
-chmoopepem. You inherited the nature, blood ot Adam, ant) 
b}^ baptism you inherit the blood of Jesus C-hrist, '* C^hmoope- 
montgu lu snguls Adam, u }u kues-lbat^m chmelku^peinent^u 
^u snguls Jesu Kli." 

INHERITANCE, n. My inheritance, hii tee ik-ste, Lu i-s^lkonien. 

INIMITABLE, n, Ist. Tas tehiuutem, Tas zamutem. 

2d. Unable to imitate, Tas teiauimuterasten, Tas zaammut-enisteu. 

INJECT, V. f, 1st. The liquid, les-pz6kom. 

2d. The person, Ie8-npz6kom. See Paz, Pzam. 

3d. 1 inject his ears, les-npzko^nem. 

4th. I give him an injection, les-npzkupsem. 

INJURE. See Harm. 

INJUST, a, Tas tog, I-'tenemiis. 

INK, n, Nkuailku, Kaiminten. 

INK-STANJ), n. Snsigumen hi Ikaiminten. 

INLAND, a. Kum, kom. He lives in the inland, interior, 
** L*kom.'^ He goes inland, *' Giii ch-kom, K6mshilsh.'' See 

INMATE, n. Chemt^p, Kuezen, (iuizen. 

INN, n. Snil^enten. 

JNBORN, a. SnkuJnkolil. 

INNUMERABLE, a. Tas siinuten. 

INOCULATE, V. t Ist. Plants. See Graft. 

2d. Inoculate small-pox, les-telim (from the cut made). 

INQUIRE, 1st. From one, les-seum. 

2d. Inquire about something, les-chseum, les-chseupilem. 

'dd. Inquire from people at large, Chines-suHiimshi. 

INQUISITIVE, a. Nsuseuzin. 

INSANE, a. Koku^u. 

INSECURE, a. Ist. Not feeling sate, Chines-chinti. 

2d. Not affording security, Ngalulegu, Tarn gumkanulegu. 

INSERT, r. t. Ist. Anything in a written deed, book, los-nkai- 

ms 207 

2d. To place between, les-nka^osem. See Kae. 
INSENSIBLE, a. Not feeling the senses, Tas Uehchuteni. 
IXSIDE, adv. Ist. Of a house, L'zit^u. 
|2d. Inside, in general, I or prefixed n to the verb. 
I3d. All the inside of a person, roon), vessel, is rendered by insert- 
ing the noun or verb between n — Size. Good, dean inside, 
"Ngeselze;'' Dirty inside, " Nc-hes^lze ;" The room is well 
illuminated inside, *' Npaak6lze." 
INSIPID, a. Iguis. 

INSIST, V. t. 1st. Upon an object, les-chioioszutem, les-chszunem. 
2d. Insist by words, les-chsiszinem, les-chpiz'zinmistem, les-aizem. 
3d. Insist on a person, by words, les-sizinem, les-piz'zinem. 
4th. Insist on a person, by actions, les-siechstem^, les-pizchstem. 
INSIST, Chines-aizini. 
INSNARE, V. t. les-azpnunem. 
I INSOLVENT, a. Ta ep^ nkolisusten, Ta epi gaka+tumshten. 
IN SO MUCH, adv. L'shei u ezageil. 
INSPECT, V. t. Ie8-ko6nemem, les-chkonmepilem. 
IXSPIRE, V. t. les-naukanem, les-ngaalzem. See Au, Gaa. 
INSTALL, V. t. Any officer, les-aum, Ies4akshilshem, Tes-teshil- 
shem. The first expresses the nomination, the second the 
placing in office, the third the setting him up. 
INSTEAD, adv. 1st. Before a verb, is rendered by prefixing shi 
before the verb. I sleep instead of praying, " Lu chiks-shiis'- 
chaui chin-itsh." vSee Shii. 
Instead, 2d. Before nouns iollowing a verb, shi is affixed to the 
verb. I pray in his stead, *' les-chaushitem." I write in his 
stead, ''' les-kaishitem. ' See For. I die in your stead, " Ku- 
Instead, 3d. AVhen meaning substitution, succession. See Substitu- 
tion, succession. 
INSTIGATE, V. t. les-koleguegukunem, les-naukanem, les-kupem, 

INSTINCT, n. Spuus, Zuut. 
INSTRUCT, V. t. les-meiem, les-zogzogom. 
INSTRUCTOR, n. Zgozgonzuten, Zunemenzuten, Mienzuten. 
INSTRUMENT, /?. Kolemen. N.B.— Every verb has an instru- 
mental form, from which two instrumental substantives 2lvv 
made. The instrumental form oi the verb is — minem ; perf. 

208 INT ^ 

— rain ; or, — mineraen if the original verb is accented on the 
last ; and — ra^nem, perf, — men, if the accent is not on the last. 
See Use, and nearly all radicals. From these instrumeDt^/ 
forms of the verb there are two forms of instrumental substan- 
tives, one passive in — min or — men ; the other active in 
— min ten. 


INSTRUMENTALITY, 1st. To obtain anything through the in- 
strumentality of, les-ch'hem. See indebted. 

2d. Instrumentality, to use any one to obtain an object, les-chitech- 

INSUBORDINATE, a, Tas s^une. 

INSUFFERABLE, insupportable, Taks-niu^lstem, Mem6et. 

INSUFFICIENT, a, Tam p6tu sh6i, Koltuin. See Tuin. 

INSULT, 17. t. 1st. les-choinziitem, which answers for all cases. 

Insult. 2d. By deeds, Ies-chko6uchstem, les-ches'chstem. 

Insult. 3d. By words, Ies-chko6uziiieni, Ics-cheszinem. 

Insult. 4th. Men showing the fist in the face, les-gu^kusem. 

Insult. 5th. Women pointing the index and small finger to the tac-e 
of people for insult, Ies-nzel6sem. See Zel. 

INSUPERABLE, a. Tas chgoz'zutem, Tas lkok6tem. 

INTACT, a, Taschingu, Tas chiniigugu. 

INTANGIBLE, a, Tas chngugugutem. 

INTELLECT, intelligence, w. Nkulpagaminten, Spagpagt. 

INTELLIGENT, a. Pagpagt. 

INTEND, V. L Chines-ntfeisi, I-spuus, I-szntels. 

INTEND, r. t, les-nt^lsem. 

INTENT, a. 1st. My eyes intent on, Ie8-chm6isem. 

2d. My ears intent on, les-chm^inem. 


INTENTIONALLY, adv. Ist. Szchzogo. 

2d. To do anything intentionally, Ies-chgo6chstem. 

3d. To say anything intentionally, les-chzogzinem. 

INTERCEDE, v. i, Ist. Chines-konzinemisti. 

2d. Intercede with, fes-chkonzinemistera. See Konkoint. 

INTERCHANGE, v. t Ie8-neigu6usem. 

INTERCOURSE, n. Ist. Sntemmenu6gu, Sntemmenu6gutcn. 

2d. Wo have intercourse reciprocally, Kaes-temmenu^gui. 

INTEREST, n, 1st. To my interest, Ikl-ngestin. To your interest, 

INV 2im 

t^il, I find it to be my interest, les-nge^tinem, ngestinemen. 

INTP]E10R. See Inside, Inland. 

I XTERLINE, les-nkaieusem, 

JN"TERx\fEDlATE, See Between, 

INTERPOLATE. See Interline. 

IXTERPRET, V. L (^hines-nmizini. 

I]SrTERPRET, y, t, les-nmizinein. See Miim. 

INTERPRETER, w. Ist. Tninsluting, Sgunmizin. 

2d. Reporting another's words, Xinizinzuten. 

INTERROCJATE, i\ t. les-s^um. 

INTERRUPTION, n. Epl esgak. See GaU, Gap. 

INTERRUPT a speaker by speaking, les-kaezineni. 

INTER-WEAVE, les-i61iim. 

INTESTINES, n, Stgeneh. 

I NTOLERABLE, a. Tas 16, Tas tul. 

INTOXICATE, i\ t, Jes-koeum. 

INTOXICATED, a, Es-koeui. 

INTOXICATING, Nko6uten. See Koeu. 

INTRACTABLE, a. Tas agaridtein, Tas tuL 

INTRENCH, r. f. 1st. To surround with a trench, ies-kuHelim. 
les-ntelul.egum, lit. I cut it off with a furrow. 

2d. Intrench, simply to dig trenches, Chiues-ntelulegui. 

INTREPID, a. Skallemigu \\k spuusz. See Brave. 

INTRICATE, i\ L les-metlem. 

INTRODUCE, V. t. Ie8-:i61gum. 

INTRUST, V. t. Ies-(^hit61em. 
, INUNDATE, v. t. leH-melini, les-chihnelpenoni, les-^-hillechenein. 
See Flood. 

INVALID, a. E8-tkutk61i, Uitenien. 

INVALID, a. Not proper!}^ done, I-tenenius. 

INVALUABLE, a. Es-nkutenaksem. 

INVARIABLE, ?. Taks-tigugulem. 

INVEIGLE, ?*. t. Ics-koleguegukiinein, les-geleni. 

INVESTIGATE, r. t. leskotnenh 

INVETERATE, a. Kasip. 

1NV1N(TBLE, a. Tas tleguputem, Tas Ikokotem. 

INVIOLABLE, a. Taks kolgo^l'l, Tas kolgol'luteni. 

INVIOLATE, a. Tas kolgoel, I-nolelze. Soe OiK 

INVISIBLE, a. Tas uchchuteni, Ta kaes-uichsttMn. 

210 ISL 

INVITE, V. t. Ist. Jes-galitem. 

2d. Invite to a journey, les-g^^^eni. 

3(1. Invite to sin, les-ehi^m. See Ask, ('all. 

4th. To allure, to tempt, les-zkukununem. 

mVOLXJNTAEY, a. 1st. Not proceeding from my will, Tam te! 

2d. Proceeding from blunder, inadvertenccj Selup. See Sel. 
INVOLVE. See Envelope. 
INVULNEKABLE, a. Thb ilputem. 
INWAED, a/Zr. In my heart, Lniehut li-spuus. 
IRASCIBLE, a. Amtemen. 
IRASCIBILITY, w. Samtemen. 
IRIS. See Rainbow. 
IRON, n. Ululim. 

IRON, V. t, 1st. les-t^zem, i. e., to pass with the iron. 
2d. To manacle, les-lebim. 

IRRATIONAL, a. Ist. Devoid of reason, Ta epi nkulpagaminten. 
2d. Absurd. Tas tog, I-lenemiis. 
3d. Not reasoning, Ta es-kulpagami. 
IRRECOGNIZABLE, a. Tas sugugutem. 
IRRECONCILABLE, a. Implacable, Tas telpiitem. 
IRREFRAGABLE, a, I-mii, Taks-temstem. 
IRREMEDIABLE, irreparable, a. Tas paagutem. 
IRREPREHENSIBLE, a. 1st. Ta ep* esuelemszut, Tas chilko 

2d. Irreprehensible girl, Sk6melt. 
IRRESISTIBLE, a. Tas lkok6tem. 
IRRESOLUTE, a. Chines-sellemini. 
IRREVERENT, a. P^upot. 

IRREVOCABLE, a, Ta kael-mant, Ta kael-tamstem. 
IRRIGATE, r. t. 1st. By running in a ditch, as the water irrigates 

the field, Es-nmop^usi. See Moop. 
2d. A person bringing the water in a field, in ditches, Chines- 

3d. Irrigate by pouring water on the flowers, etc , les-nlakousem. 
IRRIGATING DIT(UI, Snmopeusten, Snemuausten. 
IRRIGATING TUBE, Sniakoustem. 

IRRITATE, V. t. les-aimtom, les-chzgo^chstem, les-chzgozint'in, 
ISLAND, n. Es-chis6r.ku, />/. Es-( hisosonku. 

JOI 211 

ISSUE, V. i, Chine8-6zkaei. 

ISSUE, V. t, Ist. An order, Chines-kolko6lti. 

2d. Issue rations, les-milshtem, les-pgonishitem, les-guizshtem. 

IT, pro. It is understood in all verbs without any expression, 

ITCH, n. l-ka6. See Ka6, 



JAIXi, n. Snlchminten. 
JAILOR, n. Sguchitirn I'es-nldo. 
JAUNDICE, Tasi6s. 
JAW, n. Koieepest. 

JEALOUS, a. Ist. Pilled with anxious apprehension, uneasily 
vigilant, Gusgust. See Guus. I am jealous of that, les-chguse- 
minem, lit.^ I do not sleep on that account. 
2d. Careful to retain what one possesses, les-k^igtem. See Kag. 
•^d. Afflicted by jealousy, apprehending rivalry, Ics-koleemistenK 

See Envy, Tlee. 
4th. Of married people, Chines-kolgapapshinmi, Chines-ko^eemisti, 

5th. Of, reciprocally, Kaes-kolgapashinenienu^gui, Kaes-koieemis- 
temenu^gui, Kaes-chisguzishtu^gui. This last means : We 
throw the fault one upon the other. See Guizsh. 
JEST, t;. L Chines-posz^ni, Chines posemsz6ti. 
JET. See Spirt, Paz. 

JEW, a, Ng6igezin ; they are so called by the Colville Indians. 
JOIN, V, t, 1st. To bring together in contact, les-tkomeusem, les- 

-chtkiim, les-ntgusem. 
2d. To Join with links, Ics-kalgu^usem, les-kalgu^liseni, 
8d. By sewing a piece to, or as limbs of animals or trees are joined 

together, les-ntps^usem, les-ntps^lisem/ 
4th. By sewing two pieces together, les-tkoeusem, 
5th. By glueing, les-zpakeusem. 
6th. By tying, les-azeusem, les-lch^useni. 

212 JUM 

7th. By planting, en«^nirting togother, les-nshit's^useni, 

Kth. By associating orieaeli' to a party. Chines-nsh^i, Chines- 

9th. To stick to, adhere to any object, (^hines-chaazmi, Chines- 

-chazenzuti I , or, les-chazenzdtem. See Attach. 

10th. A cow, mare, joined to the colt or calf, Es-chazpelt. 

11th. To unite, making one of several objects, les-iiulusem. Sec 

12th. To join oneseli'in tjie bond of marriage to , Chines-ntgn- 

senzuti I , les-ntgusenzutem. 

JOINT, V, t, les-ntpseiisem, of two ; les-ntpseliseni, of several. 
JOINT, n, Sntpseus, Sntps6uste!i, Sntpselis, Sntpselisten. To dis- 
locate a joint, les-malkum. 
JOKE, n, Sposz^n. 

JOKE, i\ L Ohines-pobzani, Chines-poseuiszoti. 
JOKE, y. t. les-chsposzanem. 
JOKETl, «. Npospszin, Nchoioizin. 
JOLLY, a. See Joyful. 
JOURNEY, /i. 1st. Sgusteluis, Simsh. 
2d. To go on a journey, Chines-gusteluisi, Chines-imshi. 
3d. To return irom a journey, ChineKzinishi. 
4th To arrive home from a journey, Chinel^-ztele. 
JOY, n. 1st. The act of rejoicing, Snpi6ls. See Pii. 
2d. What causes joy, Snpi^lsten. 
8d. What one is joyful for, Chnpielsten. 
JOYFUL, a. 1st. P^iII of joy, Es-npi61si. 
2d. Calculated to inspire joy, Pipiit. 
.rUDGE, n. 1st. As trying a case, Sguchkonmepile, Chkonmepilen- 

2d. As finding out the truih of it, Sgnchiniepile, Chmiepilenzuten. 
8d. As passing sentence, Sguchzogoepile, ChzogoepilenzutCTi. 
JUDGE, v.t. les-chkonmepilem, les-chmiepileu), les-chzoguepileiu. 
JUDGMENT, //. 1st. As an act, SVhkonmei>iIe, SV-hmiepile, 

2d. As power of judging, Nchkonmepileten, Nchn»iepileten, Nchzo- 

JUDGMENT-SEAT, judgment hall, n. Snchzogoepileten. 
JUDKMOUS, a, Es-kolkoenisti, Kulpapagamul. 
JUMP, r. /. 1st. ('hines-telkapenzuti. 

KEY 213 

•2d. To jump in or over, (>hine8-ntelkaj)eiizuti. 

8d. To jump around, prancing, rbines-kezkczlshi, Cbines-ukau- 

kaszuti, Chines-sulkomenzuti. 
JUNCTION, Ist. Of two streams, Chgntpe, Chglitpetikii. 
2d. Junction of two roads, Snulusaks. 
JUST, a. 1-tog. 
.TUST, adi\ Pot-i, I. 
JUSTICE, n. r-8tog. 


KEl^N, a. Ist. Acute for reaching, lo. Keen-eyed, Chiuiuus. Keen- 
eared, Chiuiudne. 
2d. Sharp, of tools, Goigoiit, lit. cutting. 
3d. Acrimonious taste, Tagt. 
KEEP, V. t 1st. To hold, les-kuestem, 
2d., To restrain from departing, les-makam. 

3d. To cause to remain in a certain position, is rendered by the 
continuate mood oi the respective verb. Keep him a-going, 
'' Es-guisku.'' Keep him still, '* Estelpisku." 
4th. To have in custody, les chitini. 

5th. To preserve from discovery, as to keep one's sins, les-uekum. 
6th. To supply with food, to keep boardei-s, Jes-eemtem. 
7th. To hold supplies, etc., to have. Do you have hoi"^es ? "A ku- 

epl gatlzin ?*' or, "A ku-gat^znutem V 
8th. To observe, not to traiisgress,Ies-chshinim, les-poteem. 
KEEP, V. i. 1st. To remain, is rendered by the contn uate mood ol' 

the respective verb. To keep distant, " ('hines-lkot." 
2d. To last unimpaired : with the samo continuate verb. 
KEEPER, w. Sguehitim, Chiterzuten. These only mean a guardian. 
KERCHIEF, n. For the head, C'hialkokanten. * 
KERNEL, n. Snchitlte. In comp., — esshen, as 8tone. 
KETTLE, n. Lchep. For wanning water, NzishenK^n. For cook- 
ing, Ntpusten, Nzkausten. 

214 KNE 

KEY, n. As it dervea to open, Ko}inchegku6pten. As it serves to 
lock, KoHjjzenm^pten. 

KICK, n. Sztalk, Sztk61ze. 

KICK, V, t, les-teJk^m, les-telk^lzem. 

KICK, V, i. Chines-telkami, Chines-telk^lzei. 

KICKED, ;?ar^ Es-telk^m, Sztalk. I have been kicked recently, 
" Ko-e8-telk6m." I have been kicked in past time, " Ko-tel- 
kantem." I have been kicked, " Ko-sztaik." 

KID, n. Kaich. 

KIDNAP, V, t, les-gutpusera. 

KIDNEYS, n, Mtos. 

KILL, V, t, Ist. Ie8-p6l8tem, Tes-komim. 

2d. To kill people, Chines-pelskeligiii. 

3d. To kill animals, Chines-pelsk^gaei. 

KIJjJjED, part, Es-p6l8tem, Es-komim. If recently killed, Szpols. 

KIND, n. Rendered by inserting the adjective between es — aksein. 
One kind, " Es-nkoaksein.*' Two kinds, " Es-nazeldksera." 
Many kinds, ** Es-ngoeaksern.*' All kinds, ^* Es-niaksem." 
Every kind, " Es-nagal^ksem." 

KIND, a, Gest, Nkonkonnels. See Nkonnemin. 
KINDLE, V. t, Chines-olusi, Chin-olusem. 
KINDLE, V, i, Chines-olusi, Chines-olus. 
KINDLED, a, Es-ziiku, Es-olus. 
KINDLING, n, Olusten. 

KING, n, Iliruigum, Chzogoepilenzuten, Chshiepile. 
KINGDOM, n. Snilimigumten. 
KTNIKINIK, n. Skulse. 

KISS, V, t. Ist. By simplj^ applying the lips to, les-tmam. 
2d. By drawing the lips together, as sucking, les-t6mem. 
3d. To kiss the raouth, les-ntamzanem. 
4th. To kiss the cheeks, les-koltejnuscm. See Tmani, Tora. 
KISS, n. It must be mode according to the part kissed. 
KITCHEN, n. Sntpusten. 
KNAVE, a, T6ie, Tkt^kat. 

KNEE, n. S'chemk^inshin. The under part, T'chem^usshin. 
KNEE-PAN, n. Spkuakeinshin. 

KNEEL, V. i, Ist. With one knee, Chines-nzelgu^pi. See Zil. 
2d. To kneel with both knees, Chines-nzlzelgufepi. 
3d. To kneel, and sit on the heels, with one knee, Ohines-koish^ni. 
With both knees, Chines-koikoish^ni. 

KNO 215 

4th. To kneel, genuflect before anyone, with one knee, les-chnzel- 

gu6pem, les-chkoishenem, chkoish^nemen. 
5th. To genuflect before anyone with both knees, Jes-chkoikoi- 

6th. To remain on one's knees, rendered by the same verbs in the 
eontinuate mood. Remain on your knee, " Es-nzelgu^pish.'' 
Remain on both your knees, " Es-nzkelgu^pish.'* 
KNICK-KNACK, n. SHfetem. 
KNIFE, n, Ninchemen. Scraping- knife, Pshemin. Pocket-knife, 

Chlolopilko. See Loo. 

KNOCK (with fists), v. t, 1st. les-zuum. See Strike, Beat. 
2d. To knock at the door, Chine^kolinzu^pi, if with the fists. If 

with the palm of the hand, Chines-koiinkoepi. 
3d. To knock down the door, les-tkomim, Tkomst6n. 
KNOT, n. in a tree, Es-chitet^. In thread, etc., Es-naz^us, Slchich, 

KNOT, V. t, les-lchim, les-azim, les-az^usero. 
KNOW, V. t, 1st. To have know^ledge, les-mimiim, es-mist^n. 
2d. To be acquainted with, to recognize^ les-sugum, sugusten. 
3d. To know by heart, les-ioim, es-iost^n (used especially by Flat- 
4th. To learn, to come to know, les-mipendnem, les-ionunem, les- 

5th. To know before a thing happens, Es-tmisi^n, Es-kolgal»ten. 
6th. To know by sight, les-chmiissem. To came to know by sight, 

7th. To know by hearing, les-chmiinem. To come to know^ by 

hearing, les-chmip^nem. 
8th. 1 know the language, i'hines-nmizini. I am acquainted with 

his language so as to recognize it, les-nsuguzinem. 
9th. By sexual intercourse, les-mipenunem, Kaes-mipstu^gui. 
10th. To know by clear, quick intuition, les-i-minem, i-misten. 

See Mil, Sugu. 
KNOWABLE, a. Miputem, Sugugutem. 
KNOWLEDGE, w. Smimiit ; and as many othei*s as are the ways 

of knowing a thing. 
ivNOWlNGLY, i do say it, Es-mislen, l-8zchz6go. 

216 LAN 


LABOR, 71. Ist. Work, Sagaluis, Skol. 

2d. Effort, Sioioszut. 

3d. Painful exertion, S'ehiskuilt, Saii^ot. 

4th. What is done with pain, (vhagag^iten. 

LABOR, r. i. Ist. To work, Chine8-k61i, Chines-agaluisi. 

2d. To do anything with pain, les-chageilem. 

3d. To be in distress, Chines-nguzguzmelsi, Ohiaes-pupusenchi. 

4th. To make an effort, Chines-ioioszuti. 

LABORER, n. Sguk6lem, Sguagaluis. 

LABORIOUS, a, Ist. Requiring labor, ChagaJiitem, ( -haigotutem. 

2d. Devoted to labor, Ciuaguaat, KolkolmuL 

LACERATE, i\ t. fes-telim, les likam. 

LACK, V. i, Chinos-iapzini, (^hines-kultuini. See Tnin. 

LADDER, n. Snchiulshten. To go up a ladder, (Jhines-chiulshi. 

LADLE, n. Nmulten, Kulmulten. See Muli. 

LAG, V. i. Chines-Ch6nchenti, Chines-ehenehenniisti, Chines-chen- 

LAKE, n. Chilkalii. See Kal. 
LAMB, n. Kaelgoigoal. 
LAME, a. (vhines-tilguenzuti See Tiligum. 
LAMEN"T, V, i Chinos-zo6ti. 
LAMENT, V. t. Ie8-ehzo6tem. 
LAMP, n, Snzekushinten. 

LAMPASS, lampers, n, (of hoi^ses) Sncha^lkolt. 
LANCE, ft. Smiileinen. 
LANCE, i\ t. les-hium. 
LAXD, 71. 1st. St61igu. 
2d. The quality of soil, Malt. 

LAND, V, L Ist. Animate beings, ('hines-nteshilshi. 
2d. Boat, Es-zkakami. 
8d. I come to land, Chines-znteshilshi. 
LAND, V, t, Ist. Animate beings, les-nteshilshem, nteshilshten. 

2d. Boat, Tes-zk6m, ros-nleshilshem. 
I.AXDING-PLACE, n. Snteshilshten, Nzkakatin. 
LANGUAGE, n. 1st. Nkolkoelton, Tiguzh. 

LAS 217 

:2d. I know a language, Chinee-nmizini, 

*3d. I speak well a language, Chines-ngeszini. 

LiANGUID, a. Shall, ShelMmen. See Feeble, Weak, 

LtANTEJiN, n. Snz^kushinten. 

TjAP, n,, 1st. Of a person sitting, S'chem^lpst'shin ; Both, S'ehehe- 

'2d. To la}'^ it on the lap, les-chtko^lpst'shinem, chtkoelpst'shin. 
-^d. To have it on the lap, les-chtko^lpst'shinera, chtko^lpst'shi- 

LAP, V, i, Ist. Over-lap, Es-chgapusziti, 
2d. To drink as dogs do, Chinea-l^ku6tikui, 
IjAP, V, t. Ies-lku6tikum. The cat laps the milk, ** T'pus es-lku^tJ- 

kams \\x ska^m." 
LARCH, «. Mshelp, Zdkolsh. White larch, Kokollit, 
LARD, n. Coch6n skozt. 

LARGE, a, I. — 1st. Wide, Lakat. 2d. Large leaves, Chlrke^p* 
3d. Large belt, Lkep. 4th. Large hand, Lkeehst. 6th. Large 
cloth, Lk^lgu, 6th, Large face, Lkaiis. 7th. Large road, 
Nlkaks. 8th. Large forehead, Chil^-lk^sshin. 9th. Large 
plank, Lkdlko. 10th. Large field, Lkaulegu, 11th. Large 
door, KoHnlk^p, 12th. Large feet, Lkafkashin. 13th. Large 
tail, Chlkaups. The opposite of '' Lakat " is *' Lkakdiet," 
Narrow. 1st. Narrow leaves, Chlkaka^lp. 2d. Narrow belt, 
Lkaka^p. 3d. Narrow hands, Lkakaechst, 4th. Narrow 
road, Lkaka^ks. 5th. Narrow plank, Kaka^lko. 6th. Narrow 
face, Lkakaus. 7th. Narrow feet, Keikeeshin. 8th. Narrow 
tail, Chlkakaups. 
LARGE, II. — f St. Great, Kutiint; its opposite is Lkukiume. 2d. 
Bulky and long, lult j its opposite is Lkakfeiet. 3d. Abundant, 
Goeit ; its opposite is Luet. 4th. Liberal, Pep^etj its opposite 
is leukue. 5th. Thick, PHHj its opposite is Lkak6iet. 
LARV.E, n. Ist. Caterpillars, Chililkot6. 
2d. Butterfly, Kuelulegu. 
LARINX, w. Skam^lten. 
LASCIYIOUS, a. Es-uidigune. 
LASH, n. Ist. The cord of the whip, Kolkfeigumen. One, Two 

lashes, Nkofep, Esel6p. 
2(i. The strokes of the whip, Stziz. 
LASH, t\ t les4zim. 

2rs LAU 

r^ASSO, c<f. ijgupu8ten. 

fiASSO, r. t. left-lgupufieni. 

LAST, a. Ist. The one closing a nerie.s, Kzhxtt. The last day,Ez-^ut 

Hgalgall, Azuutaskat. ItB opposite is Shiit. 
2d. Next before the present, h'l^, Z'ne. 

8(1. The last in a horizontal line, Chemagan. See Extreme. 
4th. Utmost, greatest, Es-nshiizin. 
5th. The most unlike, Tam ezag^il; or by Tani and the final — lileni 

affixed to the verb, meaning that he is incapable of doing. 
6th. The meanest, lowest, Ez-eut. 
7th. At last, finally, Siz, Hoi, 
8th. Tiast supper, Seut'zin. 
LAST, V. i, 1st. This verb has no literal correspondent in this 

language, but must be rendered by the continuate verb. . The 

rain lasted three days, " Chalaskat es-tipeis." 
2d. To last a long time, Chines-kaspmi. It lasts too long, ''Mil 

LATCH, 7J. Of a door, KoHnehkaligutin. See Kalgum. 
LATCH, i\ i, A door, Chines-kolinehkalgu^pi. 
TiATE, a. 1st. To come after others, too late, after the usual time. 

Chines-guz^pi. See Go^z. 
2d. Late in the morning, Tie kasip u galip. Late in the evening. 

Tie kasip u ehlug. Late in the night, Tie kasip u kukuez. 
od. Late, existing not long ago, but not now, Z'ne. The late 

president, "^u z'ne ilin^igum." 
LATELY, adv. Z/ne. 

N.B. — Siz means the thing done immediately after, the next 

in the past or future. Z'ne means a little while before or alter. 

I ate, and immediately after I went away, " Chin-i^en u m 

ehin-guist." After eating I will go awa}' immediately; "^f 

chin-ilen, m-siz m-ehin-guist." i ate a while ago, *' I-z'ne ii 

ehin-il-en." I will eat after a while, later, " Ne i-z'ne m-ohiu- 

LATEli, after a while, Ne i-z'ne. A while ago, " Lz'ne." Later, 

wait a moment, •' Ne kuene." 
LATTICE, n, Es-eimelis. 
LATTICE, r. t. les-eim^lisem. 
LAUDANUM, n, It'shten. 

LAUGH, r. /. Chines-oinziiti ; pL Kaes-goagoeimi. 
LAUGH, n. Soinzut. 

LEA 210 

l^AUGHABLE, n. Kchoioitin, Nchgoageitin. 

r^AUGMIINCi FELLOW, a, Nehoioizin, Oinzt^men. 

Li AW, n, Snchzogoepil^ten. 

L<A WPUL, a, Tas chgaen6pile j lit,, Not forbidden, 

LAAV-GIVER, law-maker, n, Ohzogoepilenziiten, Ilimigam. 

LAY, i\ t, Ist. To place down flat, Ies-tk6ra, pL les-kaniinem* 

2d. To establish in a fixed manner. See Foundation. 

vJd. To lay bricks, planks side by side, les-shnim. See Shiiu 

4th. To lay a wager, deposit, les-tkom, 

5th. To lay eggs, Chines-uussei. 

6th. To impose, les-tkom, les-chtkueusem. 

7th. To lay aside, to put away, les-goelem, les-hoiem* 

Sth. To lay away from thieves, les-lkum, 

9th. To la}'^ bare. See Uncover. 

10th. To lav before, Ies-miltku61sem, 

llth. To lay by, preserve, les-^l^kom. 

12th. To lay down as a pledge, les-tk^ra* 

13th. To lay open, les-lakomim. 

14th. To lay to the charge, les-tkaim, les-tkaikem, les-tkaishitem. 

15th. To lay up. See Accumulate, Lie, Pla<;e, Put, Set. 

LAZY, a. Disinclined to work, Nuilsemen. See Nueils. 

LEAD, n. Balls, Milmilko. Small shot, Szizni^le. Lead in bars, 

LEAD, i\ t, 1st. To conduct, guide, Tes-guiusem. See Bring. 

2d. To go ahead, guiding, les-golshitusem. See Shiit. 

3d. To lead by the hand, les-chchin6pilem. See Chin. 

4th. To lead straight, les-tgomusen. 

5th. To lead astray, les-ostusera* 

6th. To lead the way, Chines-nmiaksi. 

LEAD, r. L 1st. To go before and show the wa}', Chines-golshilusij 
Chines-shiitemi, Chines-nmiaksi. 

LEADEE, n, 1st. A Guide, Ngolshitusen, Sgushiit. 2d. Chief^ 
llimigum. 3d. King-leader, Sgushiit. 

LEADING, a. principal, Es-nshiizin. 

LEAF, /?. 1st. Large leaf, of cabbages or other plants, Piz'chl. ()1 
carrots, etc., Sups. Of .pi lie and like, Chcmc. 

■ 2d. Leaves ai*e budding out, Es-chkualelp. See Kual. 

M. Leaves are drying out, Es-chkoelelp. See Koel. 
4tb. Dry pine leaves, Ch^me. 

220 LEA 

LEAGUE, n. Alliance, Snteminenu^guten, 8ihemtii6gnten, Suia- 
amilshten, Snkouilshteii. 

LEAGUE, V. i. To unite in alliance, Kaes-nkolligu^usi, E^aes- 

LEAK, V. i, Es-sigui, Es-aupmi. 

LEAN, a. 1-chit^s. Grown lean by sickness, etc., Liip. 

TO GROW LEAN, Chines-hipmi. 

LEAN, V. i\ Ist. To be owt ot perpendicular, Es-kozchemi. 

2d. To incline to, Chines-ntagoMsi, Chin-ep sYhgululem. See 

3d. To depend for support. See Depend. 

LEAN, V. t, les-chle^m. 8ee Chle^. 

LEAP, v. i, Chines-telkapenzuti. See Jump. 

LEARN, y. t. Ist. To learn by heart, les-ionnunem. 

2d. To come to know, les-mipenunem. 

3d. To learn by information received, les-chsnmiepem. 

4th. To teach, les-meiem. 

5th. To learn to do something by seeing others at work, Chines- 

LEARNED MAN, Pagp^gt, Es-misziit, Miimiit. 
LEARNING, n. Smiimiit. 
LEASE. See Hire, Rent. 

LEAST, a, Jst. Kukuiume tel , Ez-^iit tel 

2d. At least once u year, Ne ks-luet, m-nko Fnko spentich. At least 

four, Ne ks-luet, m-mus, for future. They were at least ten, 

hu ne ks-iuet, she 6pen. 
3d. He is at least as big as you, Lu ne ks-laikuiume,she ezag^lsku- 

tunt iu tanui. 
4th. He went at least as far as your house, Lu ne ks-chichet, she 

kolchizsh h\ Tan-zitgu. 

LEAST, adv. G^i. 

LEATHER, n. Ketite, Sipi^Srzo61iguten. Harness leather, Piehlgo. 

LEAYE, n. permission, 1st. To ask permission, Chines-suplemisti. 

2d. To ask leave from him, Ies-ehs6upilem, les-chsuplemistem. 

3d ."To grant leave, Chines-zuti sh6i, Chines-shi^lsi. 

4th. To grant that leave, les-sh^iem, les-chshi^pilem, les-nshi^lsem. 

LEAYE, V, i. To desist. Chines-hoi mi. • 

LEAYE, V. t. Ist. To quit company, office, Chines-6zkaei. 

2d. To depart from, les-go^lera, Chin-guist, Chines-imehi, Cliin- 

LES 221 

3d. To abandon, Ies-go61em. 

4tb. To suffer to remain there, not to take or remove, les-lziim. 
See Zii. 

5th. To suffer to remain here, les-Iziim, Ies-16lem. See Ee. 

6th. To beqneath. See Bequeath. 

7th. To commit to the care of, les-tkom, les-chit61em. 

8th. To permit, allow, refer. She. I leave that to your judgment, 

" M-she ne tak-szntels." 
9th. To leave off, Chine8-h6imi. 
10th. To be left to himself, not to be cared for, I-chin-chilin^ks, j?Z. 

l-kae chles^l; lit.y I am a poor little fellow, left by myself^ 

we are two poor little forlorn lellows. 
11th. To leave one alone, not to pry into his affairs, Ie8-h6iem. 

Leave me alone', " Ko-h6isku.'' 

LEAVEN, n. Nmetlemen. Yeast powder, Npenl6guten. 

LEAVEN, V, t Ies-p6ul6gum. 

LECTUKE, V, t. 1st. To instruct, preach, Ie8-zogzog6m. 2d. To 
reproach, les-chilikonem. 

LEFT, n. hand, S'chizikue. Left-handed, a, Chizikue. 

LEG, n. 1st. Szooshin. See Foot. Long-legged, Chin-chusshin- 
ikst'shin. Short-legged, Chin-chlguigu^sshin. 

2d. To walk with one leg, Chines-kaneushin. 

3d. To have both legs retracted, Chines-kan^lshin, 

4th. To withdraw, contract the leg, ("hines-kazshinmi. 

5th. To have a leg swelling, Chines-chskushinmi. 

6th. To break one's leg purposely, Chines-kaoshinmi. 

7th. To break one's leg accidentally, Chines-kaopshinmi,^ 

LEGACY. See Bequeath. 

LEGGIN, legging, n. 1st. Sg^tlishin. 

2d, To wearjeggings, Chines-g^tlishinmi. 

3d. To pull off one's leggings, Chines-ptiptl^kst'shinmi. 

LEGISLATOE, n. Chzogoepilenzdten. 

LEGISLATE, v. i, Chines-chzogoeplltumshi. 

LEND, 17. t, Ie8-k61inem. 

LEND, V. i. Chines-k6]inshi. 

LENT, n. Suisshen. 

LEPEE, E8-p6koti, Es-pokoku^Igui. 

LE8S, a. 1st. Lu kukuiume, Lu ez-6ut. 

2d. Less than, Kukuiume tel , Ez-6ut tel , Tam- ezagal sku- 

tunt t. 

222 LID 

3d. Less good than, Tarn ezagal sgest t 

4th. Less numerous than, Tarn ezag^l sgoeit t 

LESSEN, V, i. Chines-topmi. See Diminish. 

LESSEN, V, t. les-tomim, les-topminem. 

LEST, adv. G6i. 

LET, V. t, 1st., To grant permission, les-sheiem. 

2d. Not to restrain, les-lziim. Let it be, " Lzii.'* See Zii. Let 

him there, '^ Lziisku." 
3d. To let alone, Ies-h6iem. 
4th. To let blood. See Bleed. 
5th. To lot go, les-ptleehstem. 
6th. To let in, Ie8-n61gum. 
7th. To let loose, les-talim. 
8th. To let out, les-nozkaem, les-talim. 
9th. To let fall, les-tipeminem. 

10th. To let off, discharging gun, arrows, Chin4gopinch. 
11th. Let us go, let us do, etc., are rendered h}^ the subjunctive 

mood, Kaeks-gui, Kacks-k61i. 
LET, lease. See Rent. 
LETTER, w. epistle, 1st. Kaimin. I got a letter, Ko-zehizis t'kai- 

2d. My letter received or sent, l-szkaishish. See Kai. 

3d. I write, send a letter to , les-kaishitem. 

4th. 1 write letters, Chines-kaishishi. 

LEVEL, a. I-tol, I-shitK 

LEVEL, V, t. les-shitl-mim. 

LEVER, n. Kul^goeeminten. Sec-(4oee. 

LEVIGATE. See Smooth, Plane. 

LIABLE, a. Rendered by the potential passive form in — utein. 

Liable to die, '* TeHutem.'' 
LIAR, n. Ikoistemen. 
LIBERAL, a. Pepeet. 
LIBERATE. See Deliver, Redeem. 
LIBERTINE, n. Kuaukot, Uakaukt. 
LICK, /;. t. Ist. With the tongue, les-takom. 
2d. See Beat, Whip, Strike. 
LK'TOR, n, Sgulchiin, Sgukunem. 
LID, n. 1st. As it serves to cover and is upset on the object covered 

Kudlchkan. See Kuelch. 

LIG 223 

T^ID, 2d. As it is on and to be pulled out, Chagkuk6in. See Cheek. 

JjIJ*], r. /. To tell lies, Chine8-i6koi8ti, Chine8-i6koi. 

lA E, v. I. To be in a recumbent position more or less horizontal, 
Ist. Of living beings, Chines-toko, pL Kaes-kamini^ut, We lie 
down sparsely. 

2d. To lie face down, Chines-lkailshi. 

3d. To lie on bis back, Chines-zkalluti. 

4th. To lie (of solids in general), Es-t6ko ; 7)?. Es-kamim. 

5th. Of clothes, hay, straw, and like soft matters, Es-tak. 

6th. Of a single piece of wood, Es-chize. 

7th. Of several pieces of wood, Es-pin. 

8th. Of a boat, kettle, pail, dishes, Es-zak ; pi. Es-sil. 

9th. To lie by one, on, below, over, etc. See all the above verbs. 

lOth". To lie in, to be confined, Chines-tkukuelti. 

LIFE, n, 1st. The being alive, Sgulgiiilt, Sgalg^lt, Sgustelois. 

2d. The life giving principle or cause, Ngulguilten. See Guil. 

3d. Manners, Zudt. 

4th. History of, Smiimii. 

5th. To save one's life, les-galguiltem. 

6th. Our life is short, Guiguez lu kaes-gusteluis, iiuet iu kae-sgal- 

LIGHT, V, t. 1st. As it throws light, Spa^ka. See Pa^ka, Pe6gu. 

2d. As it is illuminated, Sgal. See Gal. 

3d. For day, Sgalgalt. 

4tb. For candle, Zekushin. 

5th. The light of the people, Sgupe^'gus lu sk61igu. 

6th. It is daylight, Galip. 

LIGHT, a. Ist. Not heavy, ijpep^sh, Pe^sh, Tas gemt. 

2d. Nimble/active, KoUkolt. 

8d. Slight, nnimportant, Kukuiume. 

4th. Unsteady, vain, l-no61. Light-head, I-1106I lu splkeis. 

5th. Wanting in dignity, id. 

6th. Light character, frivolous, l-tenemus. 

LIGHT, V. t. Ist. To set fire, to kindle, les-oluseni. 

2d. To give light, to illuminate, les-pa^kam. ' 

3d. To accompany with a light, les-ziikum. 

4tb. To light a match, Chines-pagai. 

LIGHT, V. i. Ist. To fall upon, to meet by chance, les-chizinem. 

2d. Tq stop from fiight, to rest, Chines-tkokomi, Chines-zkakarai, 
Chines-emuti, Chines-teshilshi, according to the case. 

224 LIM 

3d. To light from a horse, carriage, Chincs-tipenzdti. 

LIGHTEN, V. i. To burst forth with instantaneous light, Chinea- 

LIGHTEN, V, t. To make less heavy, les-peeshira. 

LIGHT-HEARTED, a, Ihpep6esh In spuiis. 

LIGHT-HEELED, a. Tlagt. 

LIGHTNING, n. Sou^chemt. The lightning is flashing, Soueehem. 
I am struck by lightning, Ko-zkant6m. The lightning fell, 
Zkem. It falls, Es-zkami. 

LIKE, a, Ist. Perfectly equal to, I-ezag6il t They are per- 
fectly like, I-p6tu ezageil. See Agal. 

2d. Nearly equal, resembling, Ezag6il t 

3d. Probable, Go^. It is not like to be so, Go^ tarn Ish^i u ezageil. 

4th. Probable, interrogative, Uz. Is it like that I should die ? Uz 
m-chin-tl:il ? 

LIKE, n. Snkulezag6il. My like, " Lu i-snkul^ezag6il." 

LIKE, adv, Ezag6il. See As. 

LIKE, V, t. 1st. In-gam^nch, les-gesteminem ; but usually an In- 
dian will only say that such an object is good, to signify his 
liking. Do you like your husband ? "A gcst lu asg^iui ?" 
He is good but I don't like him, '' U6 gest, u tas gestcrain." 

2d. From the habit of intercourse, etc., les-chkoemminem. See 
Ges, Koem, Fond, Long. 

3d. Not to like, Tam in-gam6nch. See Hate, Ches. 

4th. I like to go, Chines-ngui61si. See Wish. 

5th, I like, am attached to a thing already in my possession, les- 

6th. I like a thing not in ray possession, les-kaguminem. 

LIKE, i;. i. Ist. If I like, Ne i-spuus, Ne chin-ntels. 

2d. I don't like, Tam i-spuiis, Ta iep-szntels. 

3d. As you like, Ne tak-spuus. As I like, Ne tik-spuus. 

LIKELY, adv, Goa. It is likely so, Goa lsh6i u ezageil. Not 
likely to arrive, Go^ taks-zkolchiz'sh. 

LIKE-MINDED, like-hearted, a. My i-snkul^ezagalspuus. 

LIKEN, V, t, Ist. To think one similar to , les-nagalelsem t.... 

2d. To compare. See compare. 

LIKENESS, portrait, n. Skolkaii. 

LIKEWISE, adv. Also, so, N^gu, N6gu ezageil. 

LIMB, n. There is no general name ; each limb, though, has Us 
name. See Branch. 

LIT 225 

LIMBEH. See Rub. Ist. My legs are getting limber, Chines- 

2d. My arm is getting limber, Chines-gup^pemagan, See l^eesh, 
3d. In general : Chines-gup'pemilsh, 
4th- To limber a rope, etc., les-iuteni. 
lilMBO, It. I-chim. 

IjIMIT, n. Snptl^emus, Sntlapaks, See End. 
LIMIT, V, t, Ies4pini, les-tpulegum, les-kaiulegum, v 
LIMITLESS, a, Ta ep snptlemus, Ta ep sntl^ap^ks, 
LIMP, V. L To walk lame, Chines-tilguenzr.ti, 
LIMPID, n. I-ngal, l-nsish, 
LI^E, n. Ist. Small cord, Lais'pi, 
2d. As used for measuring, Lpuleguten. 
3d. How, one line, one row, Nko^p. Three rows of cabbages, 

Cbe^ep pizchil. 
4th, To be in a straight line, as soldiers marching one afler the 

other, 14pim. 
5th. To form ourselves in a straight line, as above, Kaes-ipemen- 

6th. To be in a straight front line, as soldiers all fronting their 

captain, or people sitting on the same bench, I-shitl* 
7th. To form in straight front line, Kaes-shitlemenzuti, 
LINE, V, t, 1st. les-kaim, les-lpim. 
2d. To line a garment, les-gapim, les-ngapeusem. See Gap. 

LINEN, n. Spezen. Linen cloth, I-s6lgu, The linens, Snazlkeit^ 

LINGER, 17. i, 1st. To wait long, Cbines-ch6nchenti. 

2d. To be undecided, Chines-i6mmi, 

3d. To be long time in the same state, Chines-kaspml. 

LINIMENT, n. Minemen. 

LINK, n. Kaligu^lis. 

LINK, V, f. les-kalgueusem, Ies-kalgu6lisem. 

LIP, n. Spelimenzin. See Mouth. Small lip, Lkukuimap6skan* 
To open the lips, Chines-im^uskani. 

LIQUEFY. See Melt. 

LIQUID, «. Not coagulated, I-sal. 

LIQUOR, n. Intoxicating drink, Nko^uten, Seme s^ulku, S^ulku* 

LISTEN, V, L Chines-sonumti. 

Listen, v, t, les-sonumtem, Tes-seunem* 

LITTLE, a. 1st. Small, Lkukuiume. 

226 LOA 

2d. Short time, Tzen6, Lishe. 

N.B. — Little, when not u»e<I absolutely or emphaticallj, is 
rendered by the diminutive verb or noun, whieh really is 
formed simply by redu])lieatini^ the first syllable of the word, 
omitting the aeeented vowel in the seeond part of the redupli- 
cation. vSometimes " L '' is prefixed to the word so formed; 
e. g,j Rope, Sipi ; A little r<)j)e, ** Lsis'])!." H^art, Spuus; 
Little heart, " Spupuus." I am lonesome, Chines-chopelsi; 
I am a little lonesome, " Chines-khoehoptlsi. " 

3d. Too small, Gei^ kuktiiume. 

4lh. Small in numbers, Luet. A little mone}^, *'Luet ululim." 

LIVE, V. i Lst. To have life, not dead, Chines-gulguilti. See Guil. 

2d. To pass one's time well or bad, hapj)ily or miserably, use the 
simple form, 1 am well, haj)py, etc. 

3d. To be home, to make his home, Chines-emuti, Chines-l-akshilshi. 

4th. To continue in existence, even of inanimate objects, Chines- 

5th. To be going about, Chines-gusteluis. 

6th. To be happy, especially in heaven, Chin-gxilguilt. 

7th. To obtain a livelihood, Chines-titruzini. 

8th- To live on a certain food, les ilinem, I-siilen lu John 

lived on grasshop])ers, ** T'taze hi siilis John." 

9th. Eut if the food is furnished by others, I-semmin. We hve on 
bread alone, " Snkolpo in kae-semmin." See Eemt. 

10th. To live with, lea-chemutem. 

11th. To live together, Kaes-ai6uti. 

LIVE, a. 1st. Not dead, Es-gulguilt, 

2d. Full of life, never been sick, I-guil, KoilkoH. 

3d. Wide awake, Gusgust. 

LIVEE, n. Peninch. 

LIVING, a. 1st. Not dead, Es-gulguilt. 

2d. Life giving, as : I am the living bread, "Ko-ngulguilten 

LIZAED, n, S'chilshelch^us. 

LO ! excl Ma ! She ! le ! See Behold. 

LOAD, V. t. 1st. To load a man or animal, les-koeltem. 

2d. To load one on his back, les-kolchenem. 

8d. To load a horse, Chines-kolchiskagaei. 

4th. To load wnth a bale of meat, les-koltelzem. 

LON 227 

6th. To load the wagon with wood, les-ehilpcnnfenein lag61ko. 
6th. To load the wood in a wagon, le.s-chilpnim lu luku, i.e., I put 

the wood on. 
7th. To load the wagon with straw, hay, Ie» chihak^nem in golko. 
8th. To load the straw, put the straw, etc., on the wagon, les-ehil- 


X.B. — The four foregoing phrases suppose no wagon-box. 
9th. To load a wagon with stones, potatoes, or other roundish 

things, les-npkum. 
10th. To throw anvthinjy in the wa^on-box or boat, les-nkaniineni. 
11th. To load a a gun, Chines-ncheinehi. 

12th. To load one heavy on the back, Tes-gamechnem, gamecbsten, 
LOAD, n. Skoelt, Skoltelze, S'chilpin, Snpuku, etc, 
LOAN. See Lend. 
LOATHE, V, i. les-koesheminem, 
LOBSTi:ii, n, Zoige. 
LOCK, n. Kolinznni^pten, 
LOCK, t?. t. Ist. A door, les-kolinznniapem, 
2d. To fasten, to lock a wheel, les-zanem. 
3d. To lock in jail, les-nloom, fes-ntkoni. 
LOCUST, n. THaze. 

LODGE, n, 1st. Zitgu. Skin lodge^ Spielgu. Canvas lodge, SpznelgUv 
2d. Lodge top, Chimkanelgu, 
3d. Lodge-pole, Skeimen. 
4th, To put up the lodge, Chines-kaeilgui. 
5th. To pack up the lodge in a bundle, Chines-cheelgui, 
6th. To trade a lodge, Chines-teulgui. 
LODGE, V, t. 1st. Harbor, les-nolgum, 
2d. To lodge an arrow, etc., les-tapirn. 
LODGE, V, L 1st. To reside permanently, Chine8-emiili. 
2d. To reside at somebody's lor a night or so, Chines-nzit'shilshi. 
Lodging, n. The residing, Semiit; the place of residence, Sne- 

niuten; the lodging tor a night, Snz'tshilsh, 
LOG, n. Luku, P'Halko. 
LOIX, M. SV-hejneus. 
Lone, a. l-chmish, I-chiiinaks. 
LONESOME, a. Chinos chopelsi, (^hines-shalli. 
Long, a. Ist. Ulsshen. 
2d. Long time, Kasip. Long days, Usshinaskat. It is daylight 

228 LOO 

long ago, but the day is not spent, it is a long day, ^'Tlo kasip 
w galip, pen tas nptlomds ^:u sgalgalt, usshin^skat. 

3d. Far away, distant, Lkot. 

4th. Far'reaching, v. g. Long-sighted, Chiuiuus. See Keen. 

5th. Tall, Kutendlko. 

LONG, adv. Kasip. 

LONG AGO, Skasip. It will be long before he dies, "Ne kasip, 
m-tlih" How long it lasted ? '' Lehen u ezagalskasip ?" How 
long will it last ? " Lehen m-ezagalskasip ?" 

HOW LONG AGO ? Ne pist^m ? How long before ? Ne 

pist6m ? 

LONG, V, i. After, Ics-ehopelsem, les-kagumiiiem, les-kamszinem, 

LONGANIMITY, n. Sniduiols, Sniaalsten. 

LONG-SIGHTED, a, Chiuius. 

LOOK, V. i. 1st. To look at, les-azgam. 

2d. To look for, after, les-tlutluusem, les-tleem. 

3d. To wait for, les-tnemteusein, les-ehtlutluusem. 

4th. To look through (a spy glass), les-^zgamenem. 

5th. To look about, Chines-shitlusi. 

6th. To look into, examine, les-ko6nejn, les-kulpagem. 

7th. To look back, Chines-kol^azgamisti. 

8th. To look out, Chines-sichtcmisti, Chines-kolazgamisti. 

9th. To look up, Chines-^zgai eh nuist, Chines-nzkusi. 

10th. To look for, to seek, rendered by ch prefixed to the object 
looked for. What are you looking for ? ** Ku-ehst^m V* I am 
looking for flowers, " Chines-chzeekoi." I am looking for 
money, " (/hines-chululimi." 1 am looking for deer, " Chines- 
-chszooligui." It means, I want to have flowers, money, deer, 

11th. I look fixedly at him, les-chm^isem. 

I2th. I look long time at him, les-chkaspusem. 

13th. I look back at him through my hands, Chines-nazgasinzuti. 

14th. I look at him glancing, without turning the head, les-chalim- 

15th. The house looks south, etc. See Front, Turn. 

16th. I look at him for the last time, Chines-chagalusi, Tes-cliaga- 

17th. 1 look at him from behind, Ics-nazga^pem. 

ISth. I look at my stock, take care of it, Chines-chit'skagaei. 



LOO 229 

19th. To have the appearance : If from the face, add vs or s to the 
noun or verh ; if from the eyee, prefix ch to the noun or verb, 
reduplicate the radical, and add vs. 

My face looks ill humored, I-chin-spas. My eyes , I-chin- 

I look frolicksome (face), I-chin-oims; (eyes) J-chin-choioi&s. 
I look well (face), I-chin-gcsus ; (eyes) I-chin-chgesgesus. 
I look happy (face)^ I-chin-pius ; (eyes) I-chin-pipiis. 
I look a liar (eyes), I-chin-chikoikoistus. 
I look truthful (eyes), I-chin-chunungus. 
I look smart, l-chin-chpapagtus. 
I look a fool, I-chin-chpspsi^us, Chin-chpsp^s's. 
I look lascivious, I-chin-chuiuigus, 
I look like, Chin-azagalus. 
I look sad, I-chin-chuguigus. See lugt. 
1 look drunk, I-chin-chkouku^us. 

J look grave (face), l-chin-ss^s; (eyes), I-chin-chses^es. 
1 look quiet (eyes), l-chir>-ehkamk^ms, Chin-chkamkaims. 
1 look still (ej-es), I-chin-chteltlils. See I-tlil. 
I look dead (face), l-chin-teHus -, (eyes), I-chin-chtelteJJus. 
1 look like a woman (face)^ I-chin-momus ; (eyes), l-chin-chme- 

I look like a man (face), I-chin-kaltemgus ; (eyes), l-chin-chkalkal- 

I look like an Indian (face), I-chin-kaligus ; (eyes), l-chm-chkal- 

I look mad, I-chin-chaiaipus, I-chin-chamamtus. 

N.B. — All these and a thousand others are made verbe, but 
then they drop the reduplication, because, though looking 
with both eyes, it is one action. 
I look well at him, les-chgesdbem. I look at him with dying eye», 

I look bewildered, Chin-p'spos, I-chin-chp'spos. See Spos. 
LOOKING-GLASS, n. Azgasinzuten. 
LOOP, «. Zushine. 

LOOSE, V, t. Ist. To unbind, les-talim. 
2d. To relax, to make not so tight, les-h^um. See Detach. 
LOOSE, a, 1st. Untied, relaxed, Es-taal, Es-h^n. 
2d. Not costive, Ta is-kagupench. 

230 LOV 

To get loose, Chines-lalpmi. 

To break loose, ChineH-tclkomi, Ohiiies-gutpmf. 

To let loose, Ies-ptf6chstcni, les-hauin. 

To cut himself loose from one, les-kuhulinzutem. See Tal. 

LOOSEN. See Loose. 

LOP, V. t. les-kiiVgotim, les-kuVniehem. 

LOQUACIOUS, ^. Kolkoltul. 

LORD, n. 1st. l>9Wrt?/s', Ohshi6pile, Ilimigiini. 

2d. H'THS, Ch61tich, Kaep-ste. 

3d. God, Kolinzuten. I am my own lord, master, Chines-chelti- 

ehszuti, Chines-ehshi^] ileszuli. 
LORD, V. i. Chin-ilimiirum, Ko-chsh»^pile, Ko-chdltich. 
LOSE, V. t. 1st. Not to see any more, lei^-oosinem. 
2d. To lose in a contest, game, los-tlegupemem, les-alpminem, les- 

3d. To lose the way, Chln-nisisaks, Chin-oost. 
4th. To fail to oBtain, Ta ies-uiehen\; Xot to lose, les-uichem. He 

will not lose his reward, " Nem uichis lu ksgakaka, Neiii ep 

5th. To lose courage, Chines-emshkanemisti. 
6th. To lose oneself, Chines-ostelsemisti. 
LOSE, V. i. Chines-tlegupi, Chines-alpmi, Chines-shitlpmi. 
LOSER (in gambling), Alalpuf. Loser of goods, OsKsztemen. 
LOSS, n. 1st. The being lost, Soost. 
2d. The losing something, Soosin. 
3d. The thing lost, Szoosin, Sztlegup. 
4th. What causes loss, the loss, act, Noosten. 
5th. Why one is lost, Choosten. 
LOST, a. 1st. AVhat is lost, Szo6sin. My lost money, Uhilini lu 

2d. In a contest, Sztlegup. 
3d. Ruined, wasted, Szkolgo6l. 
4th. Lost to shame, Che ta epl nzeeshtin. 

LOUD, a. 1st. Speak, sing, cry loud, Chines-ntlagzini. See TIagt. 
2d. I speak clear, Chines-lakozini. 
LOUSE, n, Cottagoe. Small ones, Chchestine. 
I am lousy, Chin-kottagoe. 
LOVE, n. [st. The act of loving, Sgamench : mutually, Sgameii- 


LUC 231 

2d. The object loved, Gaiiitnch. You are my love, Ku-in-gamench. 
3d. The love of neighbors, })oo])le, Sgani^nebltunish, Sgam^nch- 

4th. The love of one's children, Sganienehelt. 
5th. What inclines to love reci]iro(ally, Ngamench^lislen. 
6th. Self love, Skaglenicnzut, Skutiiszut, Spalkomenzut. 
Tth. What I love in preference, l-szpalkogam^nch. 
LOVTi], V. t. 1st. les-gamenchcm. 

2d. To love a thing not possessed, les-gununem, les-kaguminem. 
3d. To love a thing or person already in our possession, not to 

wish to part with it, les-kcigteni, les-gam^nchem. 
4th. To be pleased with, les ni)iclscn]^ les-chgees^lsem. See Ges. 
5th. To love in preference oi, les-palkominem. 
LOVELY, a. Gest, Ganienchchuten. 
LOVEJi, «. 1st. Gamenchenzuten. 
2d. If the affection is recij?rocate(J, I-sgamenchtas. 
LOW, a, 1st. Ishut. 

2d. Not reaching the nt^ual height, Kukuimalako. 
3d. Near the horizon, sunset, Es-chiitak6in. 
4tb. Low ground, E8-kolt6ko. 
5th. Low price, etc., Es-nnvuknimakseni. 
6th. Low voice (speak with), Chines-ikukuiezini. 
7tb. Wanting strength, etc., Lkukuiunie. Low spirited, iiikuknim- 

8th. Low condition, Konkoint. 
9th. Mean, abject, Tas i6, 
10th. Low water, Ngamip, T^gampulegu. 
LOW, adi\ L'ishut. See Low, a. 
LOWEE, i\ t, 1st. From a In'gh place, les-tipini, les-toukamin), les- 

-ishilsheni. Sec Ishut. 
2d. To bring down, humble, les-ishilsheni, les-tkom, les-chitoi- 

kancm, les-chishilshusem. 
LOWLAND, 71. Es-koHkoulega. 
LOWLINESS, n, Skonkoint, SnkonkontelseniLst. 
LOWLY, a. 1st. Not high, Ishut. 
2d. Mean, Konkoint. 
3d. Humble, Konkoint, Konkoint ]u spuus, EB-konkoDtelsemisti. 

vSee Humble, Konkoint. 
LUCID. See Bright. 

282 MAG 

LUCK, n. Ist. in general. I have good luck, Ko-os-gestshitem, 
Ohin-lemmszdt. See Ges, Ches. 

2d. I have bad luck, Ko-eH-ehesishitem, Chin-gutemszut. 

3d. En particular cases, is rendered by the final — el. • I have good 
luck hunting, *' Chiu-chsulkanel-." I had luck in guessing, 
** Chin-kul-inel, Chin-kulzin6K" I had the luck to escape, 
" Chin-tgop^K" I had bad luck, I could not succeed, " Chin- 
telgueh" 1 was unlucky, being too late, " Chin-guspeh" I 
was lucky to catch him (horse), " Chin-az'zdl^c." I had the 
luck to meet him, " Ohin-chiz'n^l-." I had the luck to win, 
" Chin-tlegup^K" I had the luck to hit the mark, " Chin- 
-chit^uh" I had the luck to hit with an arrow, " Chin-ilpet.'* 
I had the luck to get a husband, " Chin-galuii^h" I had the 
luck to get a wife, " Chin-nogonogo6h" I had the luck to 
arrive at meal time, ^* Chin-npenezin." 

LUKEWARM, a. 1st. That has not been warmed much, I-mal. 
Lukewarm water, I-nmal. See Meel. 

2d. N"ot too warm, I-zeh See Zalt. 

3d. That cooled down, Nmel^p.' 

LUMFNAEY, n. Zekomen, Sgupe^gu, Spakani. 

LUNGS, n. Sp6upu. See P6u. 

LUSTRE, a. I-pich. 

LUXATE, V, t. les-malkum. 

LYNX, n. Skuil. 



MAD, a. Ist. Crazy, Ikoku^u. 

2d. Angry, Cbines-aimti, Chines-chgut't^lsi* 

MADE, a. 1st. Not unmade, Es-kol. 

2d. What has been made, Szkol. 

MADDEN, V, t, les-ko^um, les-chgut't^lsem, les-aimtem. 

MAGAZINE, store, n. Snlkominten, Sntakelszuten* 

MAGPIE, n. An'n. 

MAGT, n. Sgukulpag6m. The three Magi, Lu chechel^s ililimi^urn^ 

MAGr^NANIMITYj-yi. hu skutispuus, ha skutiints lu spuiiB. 
MAG-J^ANIMOUS, a, Ktitispiius, Kutunt hi spuus. 
-MAGrNlFY^ V. t. 1st. To make big, Ies-kutun«ra, los-kutunstenu 
:2d. To praise. See praise. 
MAaNILOQUEXT, tu Chines-katizinemistL 
MAGNITUDE, H. Skutiint. 
MAII^EX, w. Skom^lten, 
MAIDEN-SPEECH, Chincs-shiitziiH, 

MAIIj, Ist. Coat of ^ Sololimalks, 

2d. Mail for letters, Kaimin. 
-^d. Mail carrier, Sguukulkaimin, 

MAIMED, a. Chgotiips, lit. Tail (mt off (from the id«a that a hob- 
tailed horse is not good), 
MAIM, V, L les-ehgot&pscm, 
MAINTAIN, r. /, 1st, To keep possession, rendered by the eon- 

tinuate verb, 
"id. To defend, les-kolkeigum, 
3d. To support, les-e6mtem. 
4:tb. To ma^intain ^n assertion, Chines-ziiti 8hei> 
MAKE, r. t. Ist. Ies-k61em. 
^d. To produce, les-k^riem, 
3d, To gain. See Gain. »" 

4th. To be the result of, as: Two and two are four, "EsM u esfcl, 

oth. To think, to treat, as lo make a fool of himself, of him, etc.^ 

, use the verb Kol — prefixed to the adjective. See Kok 

•)th. To become. See Become. 

7th. To make light of, les-kolitenemusem, 

8th. To make much of, les-kutenelsem. 

9th. It makes no difference to me, Ta is-mi^chslem. 

10th. It makes no difference, Tam tigulem. 

llth. I do not know what to make of it, I am puzzled, les-nttilelsem* 

See Uil, 
12th. To make up one's mind, Chin-uis-nlels, Chin-uis-kulpagenu 
MAKE, t*. i, Chines-gui, Chines tagolusi. 
MAKE, n. The structure, Nk61emen. 
MAKER, n. Kolinzuten, 
MALE, n, Skaltemigu. 
MALEVOLENT, a, Nchesi)uus, Teic hi spuus, Es-nch^selsi. 


MALICE, n. St^ie. 

MALICIOUSLY DONE, adv. I-eiiehz6go. 

MALLARD, n. S^Btliguw. 

MALLET, n. Teeminten. 

MAN, n. Ist. A person of the human race, Sk^ligw. 

2d. A male, Skaltemfgu. 

3d. An adult, Skaltemign, Kuten^Iko. 

4th. The human race, Skcligu. 

f5th. A man of ability, of superior talent, Skaltemiga. 

6th. A servant, Sgak6lem, 

7th. My man, my husband, I-eg^lui, I-skaltemigu. 

8th. No more a boy, already at the age of virility, Lgomei. 

MANACLE. See Handcuff. 

MANAGE, V. i. To direct affairs, Chines-ageili. 

MANAGE^ V, i. Ist. les-ag^ilem. 2d. To treat kindly, les-totenm. 

MANAGEABLE, a. Agagalutem. 

MANE, n. K6mkan. 

MANGER, «. Snamenskiga^ten. See Eemt. 

MANIFEST, V, t, Ist. To make clear, les-lakomim. 

2d. By teaching, les-m^iem. 

8d. By exhibiting^ uncovering, les-ko^nem. 

4th. By reporting, les-mimiim. 

5th. By accusing, lee-nmi^pem. 

MANIFEST, a. I-iakot, I-uinuingu, I-mii. 

MANIFOLD, a. Goeit, Es-ngoe^ksem. 

MANKIND, w. 1st. The human race, Sk^ligu. 

2d. As distinguished from woman-kind, Skalkaltemigtr. 

MAN-LIKE, a. Chkalkalgus, lit. Looking like a man. See Look. 

MANNER, n, Nk61emen, Nchag^ilten, Zuut. See How. 

MANSION, n, Snlziiten, Zitgu. 

MANSLAUGHTER, n. Spelsk^Iigo. 

MANTLE, w. Sizem. 2d. If clasped at the breast, SDazekhsten. 

See Az. 
MANURE, V. t, les-tiitera. 
MANY, Ist. Impers. Goeit; pers, Chgoegoeit. 
2d, Several, Kuitit. 

8d. As many as. , Ezag.ilsgoeit t 

4th. So many, Lsh6i u ezagalsgoeit. 
5th. Too many, Mil goeit. 

MAE 23^ 

tBth. l^ot 80 many, Tarn Ish^i u ezagalsgoeit. 
7th, Let them not be so many. Tarn Jsh6i u kaezagalsgoeit 
^th. How many ? Kuinsh? 
MAP, w, Skolkaiis lu st^ligu, 
MAPLE TREE, n. Sgotlol^, 
MARCH, y. L 1st. Chin-«n§s, 
2d. To prof-eed, Chines-tagolusi, 
MAEE, n. Sm^^mshin, 
MAEGMN, n. Of rivers, lakes, Sgazin. 

MARK, V. t Ist. (in general), les-kaim. See Brand, Imprint 
2d. les-chtechim. 

:3d. To notice, les-uichem, les-azgam, 
4th. To give attention, Ies-soni\ratem, 
oth. To mark out, les-kulkaim, 1 

6th. To mark with lines, Ies4pira, 

MARK, n. Ist. A visible sign, Kaimin, S'chitechich^ Chtechminten. 
2d, A trace, Es-kolr-zuu, See Zuu. 
3d. To make his mark on a document by holding the pen,- les- 

4th. The mark at which they fire, S'chkaialko, lit A board marked^ 
oth. Badge, sign of distinction for anything, Chmiiten, Chsuguten, 

Chsugusk^liguten. See Mii, Sugu, 
6th. To make mark on the road for a signal, Chines-taksi, 
MARK, V, L imp. Mark ! He ! Ma 3 

MARRlAGrE, n, 1st. The marrying, passively, Sngongo^us. 
2d. Actively, marrying such a man or woman, Sngongo^usten. 
MARRIED, a. 1st, Not single, of a man, Chin-epl: n6gonog j of a 

woman, Chin-ep sg61ui. 
2d. Expressing the state of being united with a mate, Chines-ngon- 

3d. Expressing the idea of having been rightly married, Chines- 

4th. They are a married couple, Es-ngongoeus, Es-ntgueus, Es- 

-ntkora6us, Es-k6ole, Es-nkulkoleni. 
5th. They are (of several couples) married, Es-ngongo^lis, Hs- 

-ntijuelis, Es-ntkom61is. 
6th. I am married to Teresa, Ko-pu-Teles. I am married to Paul 

Ko-pu-Paul. With whom art thou married ? Ivu-pu-su6t? 
7th. I am legally married to , I-siikulk61 \\x vSee Kol. 

2^6 MAS 

8th. A married couple, hvL es-ngongo^us. Several married couples. 
hu es-ngonogo6ligi. 

9tfu Wedded together, tied, Es-az6u8. 

lOth. A woman married, U^sh. 

1 1th. My daughter is married, Chin-usshijlt. 

MAEROW, n. Stos, Stus. 

MARRY, r. i. Ist. A man says : Ghines-korin6gonogoi. 

2d. A woman says : Chinep-korisgelui. 

3d. Both may say ; Chines-nigusenzuti, I join myself to 

4th. Both may sa}' : Ohines-ngonogueusi. 

5th. I wish to marry, Ohiks-ntgusinzuti. A man says, Chines- 

-ngongo^lsi ; a woman says, Ohines-ngalui^lsi. 
MARRY, V, t. Ist. A man uniting himself to a woman, by sexual 

intercourse, Ie8-n6gonom, n6gonomen } les-kollnogonom. 
2d. A woman uniting herself to a man says : Ies-geluiem,geluimen ^ 

3d. I marry^ her, or him, rightly.. les-nkulrkoriem, Nkul^k61'lemen, 
4th. I (clergyman, or chief, or parent) marry them, les-ngonogoe- 

usem, ngonogo6usten ; les-azeusem, az^usten j Jes-ntkom^u- 

sem, ntkomeusten, 

5th. I (clergjnnan, etc.) marry several couples, les-ngonogo^lisem. 

6th. I (clergyman, etc.) marry him to Lucy, les-nkuH^oricm {past^ 
nkulkorien) 1 Lucy. 

7th. I (woman) marry him, les-nu^sshem. 

8th. I make her marry, les-u^sshtem. 

9th. I go to marry, to be married, Ohines-kuiskoliuzuti. 

MARSH, n, Es-nelotem } if there be timber, Es-nkalii. 

MARSHAL, V. i, les-shitlemim, shitlemist^n. 

MARTEN, w. 016, Ololkolt. 

MARTYR, n. Sk^ligu sh^i \n es-ntels t\e gest m-gol-nchaamen 

m-ko-p6lstem ; lu es^akomenziiti unegu sgusigults kolinzuten, 

u es-mistes nem p6l8tem. 
MARVEL. See Wonder. 
MARVELOUS, a, Kuskust. 
MASK, n. vSkolchusten. 
I wear a mask, Chines-kolchusi. 

MASS, n. The sacrifice of..... , Kutunt s'chau, Sainte Messe, Kn^i- 

men. See Nu^i. 
MASTER. See Lord. School-master, Sgumeiem, Mienzuten,Zog- 


MAT 237 

MASTEE, V. t. Ie8-ehilimgu6pilem. 

MAT, w. Si6i, E&-i6i. To make mats, les-ieiem. 

MATCHES, n. Chp^gamon. See Pagai, Solshk 

MATCH, w. An equal, 1st. in general, Snkulezag6il. 

2d. He is my match in strength, Isnkulezagalsioidt. 

3d. He is my match in wisdom, Isnkiilezagalspagp^gt. 

4th. I am your match to fight you, Ko-asnku^^pelstu^gumen. 

5th. My match, Isnkuishemen^usten. See Shem6n. 

6th. They are a match, Es-shiimeus, Es-shemeneus. 

MATCH, V, t, 1st. To be a match to, an equal to, les-shiim^usem, 

2d. To place one against another, as a maich, les-chshiim^usem. 
3d, To unite them in a match or marriage, les-ntgo6u8em, les- 

-nulusem, les-az6usem, les-ntkom6usem. 
MATCH, V. i. To tally, Kaes-shiimeusi, Kaes-shemen^usi. 
MATCHLESS, a. Ta ka6pl ezageil, Ta epl shem6n. 
MATE, u. 1st. Companion, Selagt, Sgazut. 

2d. One suitable companion, in general, Snkulezag^il. But must 
in every case be accorded with the particular business in which 
one is companion to another. My mate (said by a wife), luii 
isnkuingonogueus. My bed-mate, iiU isnkul^etitsh. My mate 
(said of an ox or horse in a team), Isnkuiaz^us. My mate in 
battle, Isnkul^pelstuegu. My room-mate, Isnkuiemut. See 
Nko, Fellow. 
MATE, V. t Ist. See Match. 

2d. To match oneself against, Ies-kolrhem6nem. les-shemeneusem. 
MATEEIAL, n, K6lemen. The material of a boat, Lu k61emen 
rtliee." My material, what I use to do a thing, " iiU ink61e- 
men tee-l-stem.'' What material did God use to make the 
world ? *^ Stem \u kolemis Kolinzuten ^^u rst61igu ?'' He used, 
had no material, " Ta epl k61emen." 
MATEEIAL, a. Jst. !N"ot spiritual. Malt (there is no name nearer 

to it). Immaterial, not corporal, Tam malt. 
2d. Important. See Important. 
MATEIMONY, Ngonogoeusten. 
MATTEE, n. Ist. The materials, Kdlemen. 
2d. Affair. See Affair, Business, Tee-stem. 

3d. What is the matter ? Stem ? No matter, Ta, Tam tee-stem. 
4th. Pus, Mzolt. 

238 MEA 

MATTER, V. L What matters it ? Ez's'eh^n ? See Chen. It maU 
ters not, Tarn tee-ez'8'ch6nem. 

MATTRESS, n. Snitshiten. 

MATURE. See Ripe. 

MAY, V. aux. Rendered only by the subjunctive. 

ME, pron. Koie. See the conjugation of the relative verb. 

MEADOW, n. Es-kualdlegu. 

MEAGRE, a. 1st. Lean, l-chitas. 2d. Poor, barren, Konkoint. 

MEAL, n. Repast, SiiVon. 

To arrive too late for meals, Chin-ngozpzin. 

To arrive just at meal time, Chin-npenezin. 

MEALY, a. Lchch6p. 

MEAN, a. Konkoint, Itenemus, T6ie. 

MEAN", n. Ist. Absence of extremes, Lu p6tu shei, I-tog. 

2d. Means, pL Kolomen. See Instrument. 

3d. By means of , usually rendered by the instrumental verb, 

or absolutely by t. See Chitechemisti. 

4th. Means, resources, Tee-stem. 

5th. By all means, Taks tam. 

6th. By no means, Ta. 

MEAN, V, t. 1st. To wish. What do you mean ? " Stem In aszn- 

t61s ? Stem lu aspuus ? Kues-chstemi ? Kuez's'ch^ni ?" 
2d. To design, Ies-nt61sem. I mean that for your good, " Nt^Ise- 

men akl-ngestin. 
3d. I mean good, evil, Gest \n ispuus, teie iu ispuus. 
4th. I mean good to him, I mean evil to him, les-chgespuusem, 

ehgespuusemen, los-chchespudsem. 
oth. To signify, les-kolsugumem, les-ehsugumem, lit. 1 make it 

understood. See Sugumem. 
6th. What you mean, say? Ku-ezint? 
MEANING, n. Lst. The signifying, signification, t^^pe, Kolsugu- 

meten, or by the verb. 
2d. The intention, Szntcls, Spuus. 
MEASLES, n. S'chil6zkae, Spzpozt. 
MEASURABLE, a. Sugugumutem. 
MEASURE, n. SugumMcn. 
MEASURE, i\ t. 1st. In general, le.s-sugumem. 
2d. Measure land, les-tpulegum, Ies4pim, les-kaim, les-sugumoni. 
MEASURE, i\ i. Not rendered at all. it measures three feet, 

** Chetes sugumeten (it is three measures). 


MEE 239 

MEAT, n, Ist. Food in general, Siilen. 

2d. Flesh, Sk^Itich. Fresh meat, Kal61ze. Dried, smoked meat, 
Skai61ze, Sz^^p61ze. Hard meat, Tlizlze. Boiled meat, Szntpus. 
Hoasted raeat^ Skol^lze. 
MEDAL, n. HI, As worn at the neck, Skal^ps. 
MEDDLE, V. i. To mix oneself in anybody's affairs unnecessarily, 
Chines-ku^pagami, Chines-kulpagaltumshi^ Chines-nshi^lsi, 
Chines-nshieltumshi; les-kiilpag^m lu isnknsk^lign, Jes-nshi- 
shi^lsem lu isnknsk^ligu. 
MEDDLEE, meddlesome, n, Knlpapagamul, Nshishiels^men. 
MEDIATOE, w. Snchitechmistcn. See Chitechmi. 3S.B.— I-sn- 
chtcchmisten, My mediator, advocate. I-snchtechmii»zuten, 
My client, the one I am mediating for. 
MEDICATE, V. t les-mali^m. I medicate myself, Chines-mali^- 

MEDICINE, w. Ist. In general, as given, Mali6men. 
2d. Such as one takes for himself, Mali^msten. 
3d. Any mysterious agent,- charm, etc., Som6sh. (So are called the 
Indian medicines, as they are superstitions. The true Indian 
medicinal roots or herbs are called by the usual name, 
4th. I am a medicine-man, Chin-ep som^sh, Chines-tlekuilshzut. 
Art thou a medicine-man ? " A ku-ep som^sh ?" No, I am a 
common man, ** Ta, tam^ chin-konkoint.'* Because their 
medicire-men are held in high esteem. 
5th. I practice medicine to find out the game, stolen horses, Chines- 

-m6igai. If for sick people blowing, Chines-pugui. 
6th. I have a philter-medicine, Chin-epl p^agt, Chin-epl pkumin. 
7th. I want medicine, Chines-chilmali^mi. 
.MEDICINE DOCTOK, n. Sgumalie. Indian doctor for sick, 

MEDITATE. See Think. 

MEEK, a. 1st. Quiet, Es-nkamkam^ls, Karok^mt, Sensant. 
2d. Forbearing, patient, Niduiols. See Kam, San, lo- 
MEET, r. f. Ist. les-chizinem. Go to meet, les-tchizinero, lea- 

MEET, V. i. Ist. Kaes-cbznuegui, lit. We come together by mutual 

2d. See Assemble, Agree. 

240 MER 

MEETING, n. 1st. The coming together by mutual approach, 

2(i. An assembly, Sniaamilsh, SniaumHumsh. 
3d. Those who are assembled, Lu es-i^a, hn es-ni^a. 

4th. The place of. , Sniaatin, Sniaralturashten. 

5th. Worship, Es-chaui. Worship-house, Snchdumen. 

MBETIXG-HOUSE, n, Snkamkamilshiten. 

MELANCHOLIC, a. 1st. Es-pupu86nch, Es-nigup61s, Es-topspuus. 

2d. Causing melancholy, I-guiugt. 

MELLOW, tf. Lt^tiim. 

MELODIOUS, a. Es-ngask^ini. 

MELON, n. Chkonkoinze, Chit4gagze ; the former is green, the 

latter is ribbed. 
MELT, V. i. 1st. Lead, ores are melted, Es-oomi. 
2d. To unfreeze, Es-oimi. 
3d. To consume by melting away, or by any other process, ('hines- 

4th. Snow, Es-oimi. 
5th. To be softened, Ltetimuilsh. 
MELT, V. t, 1st. Lead ores, les-so6m. 
2d. To unfreeze, les-oimem. 
3d. To consume, les-amnunem. 
MEMORY, n. Npostin. 

MEND, V. t Ist. By patching the holes, les-nshiniisem. 
2d. To put in order, les-shitl^emusem. 
3d. To correct, les-tgomim. 

4th. To change one's life, Fes-tigulem \u ikl-zuut. 
5th. To re-sew, lete-tko^usem. 
6th. To improve, leVes-gestuilshem. 
MEND, V. L Cbineles-gestuilshi, Chine^es-tgomenzuti. 
MENSES, n, Snilem^lguten. 
MENSTRUATE, v, i. 1st. To have the catamenia tor the first time, 

Chines-tgomshi, and from that epoch one is Stiichmish. 
2d. For the second time, Chines-tkeusi. 
3d. Afterwards, Chines-ozo6zkaei, Bs-oozd. 
MENTION, V, t les-aum. 
MERCHANDISE, n. Stakelszut. 
MERCHANT, n. Sntomisten. 
MERCIFUL, a, Es-nkonkon^ls, Es-konnHumsh. 

MIL 241 

MERCY, n. Ist. The having pity of others, SnkonnHiinish. 

2d. The being mercifully inclined, Snkonkonnfelsten, Snkonnhum- 

8d. Mercy! Ko-nkonnemint. See Xkonnemini. 
MBRR, a. I-chmish. 

MERIT, V. f. les-melkonunein. See Deserve. 
MERIT, n, Ist. The thing merited, Szmelluku. 

2d. The meriting, what makes one deserving of , Melkotin. 

3d. The reason why one deserves, Chmelkotin. 

MERRY, a. Es-npipi^ls. 

MESSAGE, n. Kaimin. 

MESSENGER, n. 1st. As he carries the message, Sgumimiim. 

2d. As he is sent, Sgukultumsh. 

3d. One that is sent on errand, Skulst^lt. The messengers of God, 

Angels, '^ hv skulkulst^lts Kolinzuten." 
-Ith. One that goes ahead, Golshitusten, Sgushiit. 
5th. To send a messenger, Chines-kuhumshi. 
6th. To receive a message, Chin-tigul kaimin. 
METAL, in general, Uliilim. 
MEW, Es-lkanzut. 
M.1ASMA. See Effluvia. 
MIAUL, mew, of cats, Es-noniulshi. 
MID-DAY, n. Ntogk^in. 
MIDDLE, a. Ih^usem ; usually rendered by the copulative n-'Sase/)t. 

See Between. 
MIDDLE, n. Sih^usem. 

MID-NIGHT, n. Siheusem skukuez, Ntgo^uscm skukuez. 
MID-WIFE, n. Sgukunfem les-tkuelti. 
MIGHT, n. Sioi6t. 

MIGHTY, a. loiot, Sisius, Kutunt. See Smis. 
MIGEATE, V, i Chines-imshi. See Bird. 
MILD, a. 1st. Tender, Lt6tiim, 

2d. Not inclined to severity, Gest. See Heart, Look. 
8d. Mild weather, I-k6ii. 
MILE, n. M^il, Sugum^ten. 
MILK, n, Ska6m. 
MILK, r. t, les-koakoeragum. See Koee. Lit,^ I squeeze the 

MILK, V. «. Ohines-koakoemgui. 

242 MLS 

MILKER, n. Sguko^ko^ragum. 

MILL, n, Sngoakomen. Saw-roill, Snpicbenjen, Snskelisten. See 
Sak, Skem. 

MILL, v, i, Chines-godkoi. 

MILL-STONE, n. Sngoakomen. 

MIMIC, r. t, l8t. By words, les-nzuzuzinem, 

2d. By gestures, les-nzuzudchsem. 

MlNCPj, V. f. les-goizem. 

MINI), n. Ist. Nkulpagamintcn. 

2d. Will, Szntels, Spuus. 

3d. Memory, Npustin. 

MIND, r. /. Ist. Ies-ehka6]sem. 

2d. To hearken, les-sonumtem. 

MINE, pron. Koi6, 

MINE, v, t, les-nzikam \u ululira. 

MINGLE, V. t. See Mix. 

2d. To associate, Kaes-temmenu^giii. 

MINISTER, n. S'chu^gan (arm), Nkolten, Skulst^It. 

MINISTER, V. i. Chines-sguagaluisi, Chines-agaluisi. See Serve.. 

MINIUM, w. luzemen. 

MINK, n, Zagalezin. 

MINT, n. Gangan^lp. 

MINUTE, a. Lkukuidme. See Fine. 

MIRACLE, n, Pas'chstemltumshten, Snp'sptanten. See Pas, Psap, 

MIRE, n. Tlauehulegu. 

MIRY, a. I-tlauch. 

MIRED, a. Ist. To be stuck in the mire, I-chin-nke6tiku. 

2d. To be soiled with mire, 1-ehin-tl^uch. 

MIEROR, w. 1st. Azgasinzuten. 

2d. The image reflected in the miiTor, Sazgasinzut. 

3d. Light reflected by a mirror moved, I-galupgalup. 

4th. A pattern, NAzgaten, Nzgoelten. 

MIS, a prefix to denote error, wrong, rendered by Sel, Sil, com- 
bined with the analogous verbs. See Sil. 

MISBJi:HAVE, v, L Isl. Chines-t^iei ; Tas gest lu inzuut. 

2d. Towards another, les-teieshtem ; Tas gest u chzut6chstem. 

MISCARRIAGE, miscarrj^ v. i, Ist. To bring forth before diu' 
time, Chines-gdnti. 

MIT 243 

2d. By accidental lesion, Chin-1-gup. 

3d. When the babe is still-born, Chin-ntei^elt. 


MISCHIEF, n. hn t^ie, hn tiv, hn tas ^est. 

MISCONSTRUE, ?;. t les-ehit^m, les-i^nim. 

MISEE, a, leiukue, Ikom^mem. See fek. 

MISBKABLE, a. Ist. Koukoint. 

2d. Causing misery, Nkonkointen. 


MISGUIDE, V. t les-ostdsem. 

MISINFORM, V. t. les-takakaniinem. 

Mislead, v. t. Ist. To bring astray, les-ostusom. 

2d. [ make him go by the wrong way, les-nsel^pem, nselepsten. 

MISPRONOUNCE, v. L Chin-nselpzin. 

MISS, V. t. Ist. To fail hitting, reaching, les-sichem. 

2d. To let escape by failing to hit, le84go|)enuriem. 

3d. To do without, to forego, les-nlun6lsem. 

4tb. To be sorry f<^»r the absence of, les-chopfelsem. 

MISS, V. i, 1st. To fail to hit, Chines-sichi. 

2d. Not to succeed. See Fail. 

3d. To fail, to mistake. See Mistake. 

MISSING, a. I-cho, Es-o68t. 

MISSPEAK, V. L Chines-nselpzlni. 

M[ST, n. S'hemip, S'chchemip. It grows misty, Es-hempnii, Es- 

MISTAKE, V, L Ist. Chines-selpmi, Chines-sellemi. 
2d. Mistake in judgment, Chines-ns'lpMsi. 
3d. Mistake in speaking, Chines-nselzini, Chines-nsclpAuskani. 
4th. Mistake in hearing, Chines-chsel^ini. 
5th. Mistake in doing, Chines-chselp6chsti. 
6th. Mistake in seeing, Chines-chseldsi. 
7th. Mistake the road, Chines-nsel^pi. 

MISTAKE, V, t. les-selleminem, les-ns'lp^lsem, les-nselpauskanem, 
les-chsel^nem, les-chselp^chstem, les-chseluseni, lea-chselepcm. 
MISTAKE, n. Seldp. 

MISTAKEN, a, I-sil. 1 am not mistaken, I-chin-sil. 
MISTRUST, V. t, les-i^m'm, les-iaaminem. 
MISTRUSTFUL, a. laiasndg. 
MITIGATE, V t. Ies.t6pem. 

244 MON 

MITTEN, w. Speohsf. 

MIX, r. t. let. les-mHlem. 

2(1. To associate, to unite in company, Kaes-temmeiiu^gui, Kaes- 

3d. To unite without confusion, les-nulusem. 
MOAN, r. t, Ie8-chzo6tem. 
MOAN, r. i. Chines-zooti. 
MOCASSIN, n. Kacshin. 
MOCK, V, t, Ist. See Mimic. 

2d. To treat with contempt, les-choinzutem, les-choim, les-choioim. 
3d. To speak, laugh in contempt of. les-chposz^nem. 
MOCK, V, i. Chines-oinzuti, Chines-choioiltdmshi, Chines-poszani, 

^^hines-choioizini. See Insult. 
MOCK, a. Feigned. See Feign. 
MOCKEK, n, Choinzt^meu, Nchoioizin. 
MODE, How, Way. 

MODEL, n, N^zgaten, Nchsugum^ten, Nzgo^lten. 
MODEEATE, a. P6tu shei. 
MODEBN, a. I-siz. 

MODEST EYES, Chines-chemlemHsi. 
MOIST, a, I-tim. 

MOISTEN, r. t. Ist. les-tmim. See Tim. les-Iuzem. 
2d. By putting in the water, Ies-ntko6tikum. 
8d. By sprinkling warm water on a hide or skin, Ies-hem6Igum. 
4th. I am moistened by dew, etc., Chin-chilhemp6ne. See Hemip. 
MOLASSES, n. Nsdtteku. See Sut, Molass. 
MOULD, n. Snk61emen, Snk61il. 
BALL-MOULD, Sr.k61il, Snk61milmilkoten. 
MOULDY (it is), Es-p6ckai. 
MOLE, w. P6lie. 

MOLEST, V, t 1st. les-m^chstem. 
2d. By words, les-nmezinem. 
3d. les-heetim. 
MOLLIFY. See Soften. 
MOMENT. Sec While, Time, Now. 
MONAKCH, w. Ilimigum. 
MONDAY, n. Chgo^zt, Chptl6us. Next Monday, Ne chgo6«t. 

Last Monday, Lu s'chgo^zt, Nko^skat. 
MONEY, n. Ululim, lit. Metal ; Skal6u, lit, Beaver, as beaver skinf 

MON 245 

^verc the basis of their former trade with the Hudson Bay 
Company. Coiti, Skom6tie ; Paper money, Kaimutie. 
MONKEY, n. Monkey. 
MONSTEOUS, Tas tul. 

MONTH, n. Spakani, lit. Sun, Moon. The following are the names 
of the Indian months, corresponding to the moons and the 
different things that usually do occur that moon, beginning 
with the moon of January: 1st. Skussiis; 2d. S'chilchel6ne ; 
3d. Kufesigu ; 4th. S'chialmin ; 5th. Sp^tlem ; 6th. Itgoe ; 7th. 
Slako ; 8th. Kol6g ; 9th. Spk^in ks-piakami; 10th. S'chut es- 
-eheei, s'chut ^nlka ; 11th. SVhe6i ; 12th. Chelsm^koel. Some 
tribes give diiferent names from their local occurrences. 

MOOD, w. fst. To be in bad , Chines-nches61si. 

2d. To be in good , Chines-nges^lsi. 

MOON, n. 1st. Spakani (the same of sun). 2d. Spakani Tskuku- 
ku^z (when in contradiction with the sun). 3d. Sok^m, by 
western Indians. 
4th. Moon-shine (when full), Es-okami, sok^m. 
5th. New moon, El-zt^shilsh. 

6th. When first appearing with a small crescent, El-tk6ko. 
Tth. First quarter, half-moon, S'chchchiit't. 
8th. Full moon, lalenziit; n^li tas kolchilgu ; ne Ikatilsh u lok^m ; 

because it has nothing dark, when it grows large and shines. 
9th. Between full moon and third quarter, El-tk6ko. 
10th. The third quarter, El-sVhchdt't. 
11th. Half-moon, El-ntgo6u8. 
12th. End of the moon, Chilgu^pem, A^mt. 
13th. Man of the moon, Snakokoane ; Chiskalldt snakokoane. Toad 

on his back ; Snkaz^ks, Shrunk-nosed. 
14th. Halo around the moon, Es-pak^uli. 
15th. Star close to the moon, Es-kolaz'zinzdti. 
MOOSE DEEK, n. Sg^salks. 
MOPE, V. i. Chines-pupus^nchi, Chines-topspuds. 
MOEALS, n. Zuut, Nk61emen. 
MOKE, a. ahs, Ist. Goeit. 
2d. compar, Telzi. 
3d. More than, Telzi tel. 

4th. For a fraction, Ep^: es-m^u. Ten days and more, Open chy- 
t^skat, u epl^ es-maum. 

24« MOS 

6th. More and raore, Telzi telzi. 

6th. Remnant, Che. Are there any more Indians ? " A che ep 

8h61igu ?" There are few more, few left, " Che Liiet." There 

is one more, " Che nko." 

7th. No more, H6i, Tie, Tie goeft. 

8th. To be no more, I-chin-cho, I-chin-hdi, Chin-z'sip. 

9th. There is no more bread, or any other solid, Z'sip, Es-z'spmi. 

10th. There is no more water, or any liquid, it has been used up, 

MOREOVER, adv. Kufemt. 

MORMONS, n. M61mon. 

MORNING-, n. Ist. At day break, Sgalip, S'ehgalpene. 

2d. Early in the morning, Skufekust. See Kuez. 

3d. Very early in the morning (in the past), I-ku6ku8t ; (in the 
future), Ne ku6kust. 

4th. In the morning (past), ha Tsku^kust ; (future), Ne ku^kust. 

5th. Prom morning to night, Tel chil-galp^ne u chilehlgu6ne. 

6th. I arrive to the morning, I live until morning, Chines-chil^gal- 

7th. Morning meal, breakfast, Chines-ku^kusti. 

Sth. Morning prayer, Chines-kuztemteh^ui. 

9th. Morning star, Es-ko(az'zinzdti. 

10th. Before daylight, in the dark yet, Zinkolkan. He died in the 
morning before daybreak, '^I-potu zink61kanem, u teHl." 

11th. To-morrow morning, Ne galip. To-morrow, Ne gallp. 

MORTAL, a, 1st. Liable to die, TeHdtem. 

2d. That inflicts, brings death, NteHltin. 

3d. Mortal sin, NteHltin teic. 

MORTAR, n, Ist. Snteominten. 

2d. Mortar for plastering, Telemen. 


MOSQUITO, w. Slaks. 


MOSS, n, Ist. Pine moss, Shiiutomkan, St'telu, Skolapkan, Skol- 
k6in. The Iwo last words refer to the use made of it in 
roasting camas. ' 

2d. Yellow moss of cedar, poisonous, Skualios. 
MOST, a. Goeit, Kuith. 

MOST, a(/i?. 1st. Making the superlative without coinpunwii, Es- 
-nshiizin. Most high, " Es-nshiizin nuist." 

IVtOU . 247 

2d. When making comparison, Tel. He is the most high of! all^ 
•' Nuist tel esi^.'' 

3d, When indicating a quality possessed in high degree,, use the 
positive, or prefix i to it. He is most wise, " Pagp^gt, or 

MOTE, w. as in the eye, S'chiitipus. 

MOTHER, n, Ist. Said hy a male, Sk6i. 

2d. Said by a female, Toni. 

•3d. Said by both, Pog6t. 

4th. 1 take her for my mother (man), ]ea-k6iem, sk^iemen ; (woman) 
Ie8-t6m*m ; (both) les-pogdtem. 

MOTHER-IN-LAW, n. Lzezeh. 

STEP-MOTHER, w. Iiu6sten. 

MOTHER-LAND, n. Istdligu. 

MOTIVE, n. is rendered with the prep. ch. prefixed to the thing 
done by such motive. See For. The motive of my sorrow, 
" Lu in-chpupus^nchten." • You are the motive of my joy, 
" Anui ku in-chnpi^lsten." I rejoice for that motive, " Sh^i lu 
les-chnpi^lsem^" See End. 

MOUNT, V, i. let. To go on high, Chines-nuiseelshi. 

2d. To go on horseback, Ohines-chlrkalsh^usi, Chines-chemt^usi. 

3d. To go up a hill, etc., Chines-shalluti. 

4th. To stand on a chair, table, Chines-chilt^shilshi. 

MOUNT, V. t. To ride that horse, Ies-chemt6usem, les-chikal- 

MOUNTAIN, w. Ist. Es-m6ko, pi. Es-mkom6ko. In comp., — kan. 

2d. High mountain, Chkut6nkan, Ohtguichene. 

3d. Foot of , Kolchchemiilegu. 

4th. The top of. , Sk^kalt, Chtogk^in. 

5th. One mountain, Nkok6in. 

6th. To go up a mountain, Chines-shalluti. 

7th. To reach the top of , Chin-k^kalt. 

8th. To go down a , Chines-u^lkupi. 

9th. To cross a mountain going, Chines-gozuzicheni. 

10th. To cross a mountain coming, Chines-zgozuzicheni. 

Uth. Beyond the mountain, on the other side, Chtelehichen. 

12th. On this side of the mountain, Ztelehichen. 

MOURN, V, i. Ist. For wearing a neglected dress in sign of mourn- 
ing over a husband or wife, Chines-lu6lemti ; as long as they 
remain confined home, Chines-nlulemt^pi. 

248 MOW 

2d. To cry, noi«e, especially over the dead, Chines-zooti. 

3d. To be sorry, Chines-pupus^nehi. 

MOURN, V, i, Ist. A dead consort, lee-lu^lem, les-nlulemt^pem. 

2d. To cry over the dead, Ies-cbzo6tem. 

MOURNER, n. (widow), Es-^u^lemt." 

MOUSE, n. Ku^kutene. 

MOUTH, n. Ist. Spelimenzin, 

2d. Mouth of a river, S'chiilip. 

8d. Small mouth, Lkukuimap6skan. 

4th. To shut one's mouth purposely, Chines-lm^uskani. 

5th. To shut it not purposely, Chin6S-imap6skani. 

6th. To open one's mouth, Chines-sakazini. See Sak. Chines- 

4agkuauskani ; this means to detach the lips, and is from 

Agku, Cheek. See Detach. The former means to split the 

7th. Sore mouth, Chin-zalaposkani. 
8th. Swelled mouth, Chin-skuaposkan. 
9th. To stick in the mouth, as a cigar, Chines-nzel^pine. 
10th. One mouthful, Nko6pine ; two , ^lesel^pine; three 

MOVABLE, a. lat'tutem, luutem. 
MOVE, V. ?'. Ist. To change position, Chines-iumi. 
2d. To advance, from place to place, not walking, as the heavenly 

bodies, locomotives, etc., Chines-koapmi. 
3d. To be shaking, as leaves, Chincs-iat'ti. 
4th. To move from one place to another, Chines-sipshilshi. 
5th. To remove far away, Chines-chueushilshi. 
6th. To get out of the waj'-, Chines-tl6kui. 

7th. To feel moved by enticements, Chines-zkukumi. See Zuk. 
8th. To be pushed, Chin-kup'p. 
9th. To be shaken, Chin-pkuku. 
MOVE, V. t 1st. les-ium, les-koapnunem, les-i^t'tem, les sipsilsheni, 

Ies-chu6u8hilshem, les-tl^kum, les-zkuknndnem, Tes-kupem, 

2d. I move my hand, stretching it, Chines-gudichsti. 
3d. I move my leg, Ohines-gu^lshini. See Gual. 
MOW, V. i, C-hines-goizl6gui. 
MOW, V. f. lesgoizem, les-goizl^gum. 
MOWER, w. Sgugoizl6gnm. Mowing-machine, Sgoizleguten. 

MIN 249 

MUCH, a. adv, 1st. in number, Goeit. 

2d. In quantity, Kutunt, Io6t. Too much money, " Mi^^goeit ulu- 
lim." I suffer much, '^ Kutunt \vl ispupus^nch.'* I love him 
much, " Kutunt ingara6nch, sissids ingam6nch.'' 

MUD, n. Ist. Moist earth, Malt. 

2d. Mud, as after a heavy rain, I-tl^uchlegu,Tloch61egu. See Tlauch. 

3d. For plastering, brick-making, T61emen. 

4th. I mix the mud for adobe, les-ntluzusem \\x malt. 

MUDDY, a, Ist. Ground, Ntlauch61ogu. 

2d. Covered wilh mud, 1-chin-mal, l-chin-tlauch. 

MULE, w. Stolze, />L St'lt6Ize, dim. SH6tUze. 

MULTIPLY, v,t, Chines-goeetilshi, Chines-goeetmi. 

MULTITUDE, w. Ist. Good many, Sgoeit. 

2d. People at large, Sk^ligu. 

MUNIFICENT, a. Pepeet. 

MURDEK, w. Spelskeligu. 

MURDER, V, L Chines-polsk^ligu. 

MURDER, V, t, Ie8-p6l8t^m. 

MURDERED, a, Es-p61sem, Es-polstem, Szpols. 

MURDERER, n. 1st. Sgupelskeligu. 2d. Of a definite person, 

MURMUR. See Complain, Growl, Grumble. 

MUSHROOM, n. Patlk^in. 

MUSK-RAT, n. Chch%u. 

MUSQUITO, w. Slaks. 

MUST, V. OUT. 1st. Rendered with the subjunctive. 

2d. Emphatically, Taks-tam. lit. Let there be no no. 

MUSTARD, n. Tagt. 

MUSTY. See Mouldy. 

MUTABLE. See Change. 

MUTILATE, V. t. 1st. les-kolgotini. 

2d. To disfigure, les-kolgoel'lem, Jes-melmdlchstem. 

MUTINY, V. i, Ist. To be dissatisfied and growl, Chines-naiaidpi. 

2d. To revolt, les-fhsuichkanera. 

MUTUAL, always rendered by the reciprocal verb or noun. 

MUZZLE, n. Of animals, Spelimenzin. 

MUZZLE, V, t. les-nl-gupusem. 

MY, pron. pers. In, or I — if iollowed by cS*. 

MINE, Koi^e. This is my book, " She lu in-kaimin." This book 
is mine, " Koi^e i^ kaimin, Koi^e chika^pl kaimin.*' 

260 NAM I 

MYSELF, Koi6e, l-koi6e, I-ohin-koi^e. I 

MYSTEEY, n. Ist. hn tas nsugugundtem, Ui, What cannot be un- | 

derstood. ^ i 

2d. A thing that puzzles, I^miemt, I^iat, Selsilt, Uiluilt. | 

3d. It is a mystery to me, Nuil61seraen, I6mmen. | 



NAIL, n. Ist. Iron nails, etc., Pitkumen, Lpgominten. 

2d. Finger-nails, Kogkeinchst. 

3d. To hit a nail on the head, Chines-ntak^ini. See Teem. 

NAIL, V. t. On a board, log, etc., les-chlpgorain^lkom, les-chptko- 

min^lkom. See Pitku. 
NAILED, a, Es-chptptkominalko. 
NAKED, a. Ist. With no covering on, Chitem^lgu. 
2d. Entirely naked, I-chitem^lgu. 
3d. Naked hills, no grass on, l46ko. 
4th. Naked limb, without hair on, I46ko ; without cover, I-chile- 

5th. That has been stripped of his garments, Es-chiz's^ligum. 
6th. That has been stripped of his hair, grass, Lkop. Sec hoko. 
7th. Open to .view, Lakot. 

8th. Pure, not disguised, I-chmish, I-sish. See Uncover, Bare. 
9th. Naked head, no hat on, P^tJkan ; No hair on, Lokokan. 
NAKEDNESS, n. Chccha, M6chep. 
NAME, n. 1st. Skuest. What is your name ? " Su^t iu askueutr 

What is its name ? " Stem lu skuests ?^' 
2d. I have the name of Mar)-, Ku6stemcn lu Maly. 
3d. 1 give him a name, Ies-kolsku6st'shtem, kolsku^st'shten. 
4th. I call him by his name, les-^uHem lu skuests, les-aum. 
5th. I tell my own name, Chines-aunzuti. 
NAME, V. f. Ist. To impose a name, les-kolsku^st'shtem. 
2d. Simply to call one by his name, les-aum. 
3d. To name to an office, les-aum, les-'t^shilshem. 

NEA 261 

ISTAMELY, adv, Es-chszunem, lit. On parte de„,,, 
XARKATE, V. t. 1st. les-mimiim. 

2d. Narrate to , les-mimishitem. 

XARRATION, n. Smiimii. ^ 

NAREQW, a. Ist. Not wide, iikakeiet. See Large. 

2d. Not extensive, Lkukuiiirae. 

3d. Straightened, P6e. 

4th. !N^arrow trail between abrupt hills, Npaiks. See Pee, Nka- 

5th. Narrow sleeves, shirt, 1-chtinze. See Tin. 
6th. Narrow-mind, stingy, leiukue. 
7th. Keen. See Keen. 

7th. Narrow pants, Chines-ehkakaakst'shin. See Kae. 
9th. Narrow hat, Nkaak^in. 
NARROWS, n. Es-npeeseus, Es-zmeus. 

NAREOWTJY, scarcely, adv. Kukuiume, Chichet, G6il-n^u ; but 
they must be united with the opposite verb. I narrowly es- 
caped death, " G6il-n6u chin-tHl,'' lit. I have been nearly dead. 

NASTY, a. See Filthy. 

NATION, n. 1st. Nkoeligu. 

2d. Of what nation is he ? Stem^ligu ? 

3d. Of my own nation, Isnkulrnko^ligu. 

4th. Of another nation, Tigul61igu, Nko^ligu. 

5th. Of the same nation, I-nko^ligu. 

6th. All nations, Esi^ligu. 

NATIVE, a. 1st. Contracted from the birth, Snkulkolil. 

2d. Native country, Snk61ilten. 

NATIVITY, n. Chk61ilten, Chkolilz^ten. 

NAUSEA, n 1st. I feel a nausea, Chin-chcheriis (I feel like vom- 

2d. I find nothing good, Ta iep s*chzeh6m. 

NAUSEATE, v. t. 1st. To provoke vomit, les-chellimi See Chel. 

2d. To find a thing nauneating, lea-ehelieminem. 

NAUSEOUS, a. Ch^lchilt; liquids, Nch61ku. 

NAVEL, n. T^mu. 

NAVIGATE, V. i. Chines-laaprai. 

NAY, adv. Ta, Ku tam, l-chmish sh^i, Telzi. 

NExiR, a., adv. Ist. Not very distant but not close by, not adjacent, 
Chichet. See Chiit. 

252 NEE 

2d. To go near, not far, Chines-chchiitemi. 

3d. To come near, not far, Chines-chchiitemi. 

NEAK, a., adv. Close by, adjacent, depends whether it is in front, 
by the side, or at the back, at the feet. 

Ist. By my side, L'is'chis^gam. In corap. ch — . He is near me, 
" Ko-es-chlziims." He stands by me, *' Ko-es-cht^shilshem." 

2d. In front of me, L'ismilchem^ls. See Pace. 

3d. At my back, L'isnchemichen. See Back. 

NEAR, adv. Nearly, Geil-n6u. 

NEAR, V, t, Ist. To go near, not far, les-chchiitominem. 

2d. To go close, to reach, les-chit'shilshem. 

3d. To go close by the side, les-chis^gam. 

4th. To go close by his back, les-nchiznichinem. 

NEAT, a. 1st. Free from what soils, I-giiku. 

2d. Nice, tasty, Gest. 

NECESSARY, a, 1st. Taks-tam. See Tam. 

2d. Unavoidable, Tas4gop^. 

NECK, n. 1st. Chespin ; in comp. — elps. This signifies only the 
back part of the neck ; for the whole of the neck, in comp,, 
— us. 

2d. Thick-necked, Chiullps. 

3d. Slender-necked, Chlk'ka^lps. 

4th Neck-kerchief, anything suspended at the neck, Skal^ps. 

5th. To break one's neck, Chines-ntelpusi, Chines-kaopiksi. 

6th. To break a fellow's neck, les-ntelCisem, les-kaousem. 

7th. To dislocate one's neck, Chines-malkusi. 

8th. To dislocate another's neck, les-malkusem. 

9th. I have a sore neck, Chin-nzalus. 

NEED, V, i, ('hines-iapzini. 

NEED, V. t, 1st. To be short of, not to have, les-iapzinem. 

2d. To have use of, les-t^m'm. 

3d. To have need, to be poor without it, les-chiapzinem. 

4th. I am in distress for want of that, les-chimkomenzuten. God 
has no need of us, can make no use of us, ** Ta kaes-tenih'ls 
t Kolinzuten." God has no need of us, " Ta kaes-iapzinemWs 
t Kolinzuten." God has no need of us, is not in need on our 
account, *' Ta kaes-chiapzinemlils t Kolinzuten." God is not 
poor without us, "T Kolinzdten ta kaes-chinkomenzdtemlils*' 

NEEDLE, n. Chlgoepile. See Jbog. 

NET 268 

To break a needle, les-chtelp^pilem. ' 

To thread a needle, les-likupusem, Chinee^ikui. ' 

XEEDY, a, Japzin6men, Es-iapzini, Koukoint. 

XEG-XiECT, V, t. Ist. To omit through laziness^ lee-kolnu^Usem. 

2d. To omit through tiresomeness, les-kolshallem. 

3d. To omit through btubborness or lightheadedness, Chines-gal- 

4th. [Not to treat with due respect, Ta ies-^zgam. 
5th. To slight, to disregard; Jes-pauminem. 
NEGLIGENT, a. Nuils^men, Shells men, Paupot, Galgalemist^- 

NEGOTIATE, v, L 1st. To trade, Chines-tomisti. 
2d. To treat, talk for a trade or treaty, Chines-kamkamilshi. 
NEGEO, n. Kodis, Koi6s. 
NEIGH, V, L Es-kolku61ti. 

NEIGHBOR, a. Ist. That lives close to me, S'chisAgam. 
2d. That lives in the next house, if that be the last in the row, 

3d. Fellow-man, Snkusk^ligu, Snkulehinaks. 
NEITHER, conj. If in the first part of the sentence, Ta; if in the 

second, N6gu ta^ 
NEPHEW, w. 1. —Of a man, Ist. My brother's son, Ism6el. My 
brother's son's son, Isg6pe. My brother's daughter's son, 
2d. My sister's son, Intonsh. My sister's son's son, Isg^pe. M}^ 

sister's daughter's son, Issile. 
II. — Of a woman, Ist. M}^ brother's son, Iskukui. My brother's 

son's son, Ink6ne. My brother's daughter's son, Inchichi^. 
2d. My sister's son, Iskus^lt. My sister's son's son, Ink6ne. My 
sister's daughter's son, Inchichi6. My brother's son after his 
lather's death, Isluelt. My brother's son's son after his father's 
death, Inchi^lt. 
XERVE, w. Tinsh. 

NEST, w. Spuusten. He makes his nest, Es-kolsnuus^teni. 
NESTLE, V. L Es-nlkdti. 
NET, n. 1st. Mulemen. 
2d. To fish with net, Chines-miil'li. 
NETTLE, n. Sz'zdgelp. 
The puncture q\ the nettle, I-zik. 

254 NIG 

NETWORK for the head, Es-chknsai^kan. 

NEVER, adv. Ist. absd, (past), Ta pi8t6m; (future), Ta gixi. 

2d. With a verb, better rendered by the negative verb in the con- 
tinuate. 1 never got mad, " Ta is-aimt." I will never get 
mad, " Ta ikaes-aimti/' You must never steals " Ta kaes- 
nAko.*' Or with zid, or with pum. 

NEVERTHELESS, conj. Ku, Pen. 

NEW, a. Ist. Siz. 

2d. Another in succession of a defunct chief, etc. A new chiefs E\ 
tilimigura. A new month, Bltnko spakani. New year, N^ko 

3d. New to the plough, to the books, Tasmist^s lu teldl^gnten, ta 

4th. Fresh. See Fresh. 

NEWS, n. Ist. Smimii. 

2d. To give the news, Chlnes-mimishishi. 

3d. To give him the news, les-mimishitem. 

4th. We give the news to one another, Kaes-miraishitu^gui. 

NEWSPAPER, n. Smiimii, Mimimd* kaimin. 

NEXT, a, Ist. The nearest, S'chis^gam. 

2d. Next day (past), hu ne galip ; (future), Ne galip. 

3d. Next adjoining in a series, liu nko. In the next room, "L nko 
zitgu, L nko61ze." 

NEXT, adv. Kuerat, Siz. 

NICE, a. Gest. 

NICHE, n. Es-nlgo^nch. See hog. 

NIECE, a. 1st. Of a man. My brother's daughter, Ism^^I. My 
brother's son's daughter, Isg^pc. My brother's daughter's 
daughter, Issile. My sister's daughter, Int6nsh. My sister's 
son's daughter, Isg^pe. My sister's daughter's daughter, 

2d. Of a woman. My brother's daughter, Intikul. My brother's 
son's daughter, Ink^ne ; after her father's death, lnchi6lt. My 
My brother's daughter's daughter, Inchichi^ ; after her father's 
death, Inchi61t. My sister's daughter, Istomch^elt. 

NIGHT, n. Ist. Skuku6z. 

2d. To-night, Ne kukuez. 

3d. Last night, Skuku6z. 

4th. Midnight, Nih^usem skukuez, Itgo^usem skukuez. 

NOO 265 

Sth. J^ightfall, lik^ikal. 

6tb. T am benighted, arrived at the night, Chin-chilkuz6ne. 

7th. To pass the night at some one's, Chines-uz'ailshi 

INIMBLE, a. Tlagt, Koimkomt. 

l^INE, num. Ist. Ganut j pers, Chgauut. 

2d. Nine times, Ganiit. 

3d. Nine days, Gant^skat. 

4th. Nine pipes, Ngant^ks. % 

5th. It became nine, Gantuilsh. 

NINETEEN, 6pen el ganut, El ganut. 

NINETY, Gantl6pen. 

NINTH, n. Jju ksganut. The ninth day (past), hu gantaskatilsh ; 
(future), Ne gantaskatilsh. 

NIP, V. t. les-kol-gotim, les-kolniehem, 

NIPPLE, 71. Ska^m, S'chka^mten. 

NO, adv, ahsol, Ta. 1 say no, Cbin-zdti ta, Chines-t^mi. I say no 
to him, Ies-t6m'm. 

NOBLE, a. 1st. Good, Gest, Sissius. 

2d. Of noble extraction, Kaelilimigum, llimgum61t, llimigum lu 
ledus, lit, ^he son of a chief. 

NOBODY, a. 1st. Ta su6t, Ta chindks. 

2d. I am nobody, I-chin-tenemus. 

NOD, V, i. 1st. The head, Chine8-chit6ikani. 

2d. Drowsy, Chines-chesit'shi. 

NOISE, n. Snmemezin. 

NOISE, V, i, Chines-nmezinmisti. 

NOISOME, a. Es-nmemezin. 

NONE, a. 1st. Ta ; it is combined with the verb Epl. I have none 

of them, " Ta i6p^r ezag^il." I have seen none, " Ta iep 

sznich." I have killed none, " Ta i6p szpols." I concealed 

none, " Ta i^p szu^kum." I gave him none, " Ta ep^^ guizlten." 

I gave away none, '^ Ta epl- guizshemen.'' I took none, " Ta 

i^p szku^n.*' None came, '* Ta ep szgiii.'' None are missing, 


2d. None, absolute, Ta su6t, Tas nko, Ta. 

NOON, n. 1st. Ntogk^in. 

2d. it became noon, Ntog'gk6in. 

3d. At noon (past), Lu ntogkein ; (future), Ne ntogkein. 

4th. Before noon (past), Lu Isku6kust, Tas ntogkein ; (future), Ne 
kuekust, Taks ntogkein. 

256 NOT 

5th. Atlernoon, Sniakok6in. In the afternoon (past), Lu niakok^in; 

(future), No niakok^in. 
NOON, V, i, Ohines-'ntogk^ini. 
NOOSE, n. Zushin^ie. 
NOR, conj, Negu ta. 

NORTH, n. ChiH'shlshalka, Sigumfis, Zalt. 
NORTH WIND, Es-chiH'shlshaikai. 
NOSE, n. let. Sps^ks. 

2d. Crooked nose, bent to one side, Es-t^sku^ks. 
3d. Bent down, Es-aiko^ks. 
4th. Small nose, Nguzaks. 
5th. Long nose, Nusshin^ks. 
6th. Swollen nose, Skulks. 
7th. Pierced nose, Es-lgo^ks. 
8th. Sore nose, Es-nzal^ks. 
9th. To clean one's nose, Chines-n688i. 
lOth. Turned up nose, Es-npelk^ks. 
NOSTRILS, n. Snpsaks. 
NOT, adv. Ta, (future) A ta, if the answer expected is negative; 

Tama, if the answer expected is positive. 
2d. I am not in, 1-chin-cho. 
3d. Not yet, Che ta, Ziii: 
NOTE. See Mark. 

NOTHING, n. 1st. Ta teestem, Ta stem, Ta. 
2d. Non existence, nihility, Ta epl: k61cmen, lit. There was nothing 

to make it with. 
3d. There is nothing in, I-no6l. 
4th. Trifle, I-tenemus. 
5th. I do nothing but play, Milkomst6n sincmszuten. They do 

nothing but suffer, Milkomst^es snguzguzm^ls. They do noth- 
ing but mischief, Milkomst^es \n t^ie. 
6th. Not at all, Ta, Tam kukuidme. 
NOTICE, V, t Ist. Observe, les-uichem. 
2d. To pay attention, les-^zgam. He was not taken notice oi\ 

'* Tas Azgantem." 
NOTICE, n. 1st. News as given, Smimii. To give notice, les-mi- 

2d. News as received, S*ch8nmi6p. To receive notice of, res-chsn- 


QBE 257 

:^d. To take notice, Chines-kolmipeniinti. 

XOTIFY, V. t. les-zunem. 


XOURISH, V. t. Ist. See Feed. 

2d. To make grow, les-kualira, les-pogtilshem. 

XOW, adv. 1st. In this tinae, letelgoi. 

2d. But (Lat. autem)^ U. Now Barabbas was a thiet, " U nakoe- 

men lu Barabbas.'* 
8d. Now and then, Te^, Teh nko nko. Tee kuinsh. 
4th. Now — now, Sh6i, Ku6mt or Siz, Sh^i nko — Shei nko. He is 
now well, now he is sick ; now glad, now sad, ** Shei nko i-ges, 
ku^mt shei es-ehizal61s j Sh(;i nko npi^ls, nko nigupels. 

NOWAYS, Nowise, ac«i?. Ta pist^m. 

NOXIOUS, a. To be to one. See Hurt. 

NUDE, a. I-chiteni%u. 

NUIiL, a. I-tenernus. 

NUMB, a. From cQld, Chines-teratemU, Chines-zuzui^chst. Sec 

NUMBER, i\ L Ies-8i6nem. 

NUMEROUS,^. Goeit. 

NUN, n. Sin6em ko^ilks, pL P^lpilkui ko&ilks. 

NURSE, n. Nkaetin, Nkakaetin. 

NURSE, V. t, 1st. les-kaemim. I nurse his child, Ies-kaem6ltem. 

2d. To nurse an invalid, etc., les-chitim. 


OAR, n. Tlem6ten. 
OAT, n, Alinemskegae, Lavo^n. 

OATH, n. 1st, To take an oath, les-^um hi Kolinzut^n* 
2d. To blaspheme, Chines-kolkoelti testigulem. 
OBDURATE, a. Tlizt, Tsap. 

OBEDIENT, a. Es-nsfigune, Es-s6une, Susunut, Es-sondml, lU- 

268 OCC 

OBEY, r. /. Ist. Chines-nsdgunei, Chinos-s^unei, Chines-sonumti, 
Chine8-ntkuku6nei, Chines-chkaelsi, Chines-ag^ili'lu tko-e«- 

2d. To submit, Chines-koJagalemisti, Chines-koltk^mzuti. 

3d. To follow, les-chshiniin. 

OBEY, V, t, les-nsugunem, les-seunein, les-sonunitem, les-ntku- 
kuenem, les-chka^lsem, Chines-ag^ili lu tko-es-zuhems. 

OBJECT, n. l8t. Si6e. 

2d. What is desired, Szntels. 

OBJECT, r. i, Chines-Umi. 

OBLIGE, r. f, 1st. les-lchemim, Ies-zunem„ 

2d. To favor. See Favor, Indebted. 

OBLIQUE, iu Es-tJsku. 

OBLITERATE, v,t, Ies-m6um, Jes-gnkiim, fes-gupminera. 

OBLIVIOUS. See Forgetful. 

OBSCENE, a, Chechet. 

OBSCURE, a, 1st. See Dark. 

2d. Dim sighted, Ikois, Ikos^ut lu ntlutluusten. 

3d. Not easily understood, I^miemt. 

OBSERVE, r. ^ 1st. To look at with care, les-azgam. 

2d. To observe u feast, Ies-p6teem. 

3d. To make a remark, Chi nes-ziiti. 

4th. To comply with the rules, les-chshinim. 

OBSTINATE, a. 1st Aiz^zt. 

2d. I act obstinately, Chines-aizini. 

OBSTRUCT, V, t To close, les-tk^peni, les-tkapim. 

OBTAIN. See Get, Acquire. 

OBUMBRATE, v. t, 1st. From below, les-kolch^iem. 

2d. From above, les-chilchei6nem. See (/bei. 

OBVIATE, r. t, rendered by t prefixed to the analogous verb. 

OBVIOUS, a. Ist. Clear, 1-mii, luinuintgu. 

2d. Exposed, Liable. See Can. 

OCCASION, n. (theologically), Zkunzuten chteie, //7. What di-ags 
to sin. 

OCCUPY, V, t, 1st. To hold and keep for use, rendered by the in- 
strumental form oi the object occupied. I occupy that house, 
" les-zitgum, zitgumen/' See Zitgu, Use. 

2d. To cover all over, rendered by inserting the analogous verh 
between chil — ene. The waters occupied the earth, " Chil- 
melp-6ne.'' See Chil. 


OFF 259 

^d. To occupy oneself about, les-chkaelsem, res-chkoimmem. 

OC^CUK, V, t, Ist. To happen here and there, Tee. 

:2cl. To come to the mind, it occurs to me, Tk6ko 1 ispuus. 

OCEAN, n. S'chilptlemetiku. See Sea. 

ODOR, n. Spugpalk, Spug. Sec Pug. 

OF, prep. Ist. Denoting the origin, Tel. The mercy of God, ** Snko- 
nin tel Kolinziiten." 

2d. Possession, rendered by possessive pronoun. The house of 
Peter, " Zitgus Piel.*' N.B. — The tinal 6' is applied to the ob- 
ject possessed, not to the possessor; which is literally, though 
not grammatically, rendered by the Canadian half-breeds, who 
say : Pierre sa maison ; Clatlziis iskuse, Mon gareon son ckeval, 

3d. Denoting the material, is not rendered at all; but either the 
material and the compound of it are united in a single word, 
or the material is attached without any change. House of 
wood, *' Slukulgu." House of stone, *' Sshensh-zitgu," as in 
English, a stone-building. 

4th. Denoting a portion ot anything, rendered by t. See Some, T. 
Give me some of your bread, " Ko-guizsht t-asenkoip6.'^ 

5th. Denoting that by w^hich a person or thing is actuated, t. He 
went of his own will, " I-t-spuusz u giii," or '* Spuusz." 

6th. On account, ch, I am proud of my dress, ** les-chkutiszutem 
lu isnazlk^it.'* 

7th. Denoting distance, Tel. 

8th. Denoting the agent, t or td. See By, From, About. 

9th. Denoting quality, rendered by the simple adjective. 

OFF, a. The farthest of two or more, Chmagan. 

OFF, adv, 1st. Distance. One mile off, " Nko sugumeten \u slkot.'* 

2d. Separation^ to cut off, etc., rendered by Kul^ or Kot prefixed to 
the verb. Cut it off with an uxe, ** Kulshilint." Cut it off 
with a saw, '^ Kuhiiehent." It fell off; " Kultiip." 

3d. From off, Tel. 

4th. To get off, to go off, to escape, Chines-kulgutpmi, Chines-kul:- 
nkomisti. To go off (a gun), iigopinch. 

5th, To take off a bandage, etc., les-maum. 

OFF-CUT, n. Szkulnich, Szkulshil. 

OFFEND, r. t. 1st. To offer an affront, les choinzutem, les-k^Lsh- 
tern t'spupusench. les-pupusenchstem. 
. 2d. To hurt. See Hurt, Harm. 


260 OMN 

3d. To scandalize, entice. See these words. 

4th. To offend against the law, Tes-maum \u snchzogoepil^ten. 

OFFENCE, w. Ist. To give offence. See Offend. 

2d Sin. See Sin. 

3d. The being offended. See Offend, and make it passive. 

OFFER, r. t. Ist. To bring forth, obviam fero, les-t-gnizlteni, le^- 

2d. A sacrifice, les-t-guizHem, Ies-tnu6iein, les-t'kom. 

3d. Offer a price, insult, violence, being the first so to do, rendered 
by the analogous verb prefixed with f. 

4th. To attempt, Chines-koeni. 

OFFICE, n. See Business, House. 

OFFICER, n. Ilimigum. 

OFFSPRING, n. Sgusigult ; kael- in corap. The offspring of Da- 
vid, " Kael Dabit," " Sgusigults Dabit.'' 

OFTEN, adv. Goeit. 

OH ! exd, I6 ! Oh, how good is God I " 16 \u sgest's In Kolinr 

OIL, w. Skozt. 

OIL, V. t, les-guizltem skozt, Ies-p6tlem. 

OLD, a. 1st. Not new, fresh, young, Kasip. 

2d. That passed the average duration of that kind, Pogpogot. 1 
am an old man, " Kasip u chin-sk6ligu.'* I am an old man, 
on the decline, " Chin-pogpog6t.*' He is an old horse of mine, 
" Kasip u ingatlzin." He is an old horse, past his middle age, 
" Pogf skagae." 

3d. When simply meaning the duration, age, long or short. >See 

4th^ To grow old. 1. — To increase in age, ('hines-pogtilshi, Chines- 
-kualemi. 2. — To be superannuated, Chines-ch6ulshi, Chines- 

5th. An old man, Pogpog6t. 

6th, The old man, the paterfamilias, h\x ilimigum. 

OMEN, n. Gag6e. See Sign. 

OMIT, V. t, 1st. Not to do or say, rendered by Ta, Tas aum, Tas 
kolem, etc. 

2d. See Neglect. 

OMNIPOTENT, a. Esia u es-k6l8ts. 

OMNISCIENT, a. Esia u es-mistes. 

ONE 261 

ON, ])rep. N.B. — Not to mix on with over. We put a shirt on a 
child, and a blanket over him ; on means a contact and does 
not include the whole ; over may be without immediate con- 
tact, and it covers the whole part mentioned. 

Ist. When locative, I prefixed to the object on which the action is 
performed, and ch prefixed to the verb. It lays on the book, 
" E8-chit6ko \\x Ikaimin." ^ 

2d. Ifthe place is on high, the verb must be inserted between 
ch — eus. It is placed on high, " Es-ehtku^us." 

But it is an impossibility to tell all the shades of affixes 
taken by the verb according to the difference of place on which 
the action is made. See Spim, Tkom, Tkem, Ilim, and nearly 
all verbs in the first part. See Ch, Chis, Chil. 

3d. When it is not locative, as to have pity on one, etc. See each 

ON, adv. 1st. In progression. I go on, " Chines-tagoldsi." 

2d. In continuation ; sleep on, sing on, rendered by each verb in 
the continuate mood. Sing on, " Es-nkun^ish." 

3d. Attached to the body, as to put on one's clothes. See each 

(JNCE, adv. Ist. Nko. Only once, 1-nko. Scarcely once, 1-lnko. 

2d. At some indefinite time, Lnko^skat ; {Lat.), olim. 

3d. In the old time, T'skasip. 

ONE, nvm, Jst. pers. Chinaksi. 

2d. Impers. Nko. 

3d. Some one, any one. See Some and Any, Ep. 

4th. One by one, Chinkanaks, He will judge us one by one, 
** Nem kae-chinkanaksemHls, m-kae-chzogoepil61ils.** 

N.B. — 1. Often the verb is redplicated, v, g. They went off' 
one by one, " Guigui, oz6zkae.'' 2. When it means all in one 
lump, in one mass, at once, the verb takes the plural form of 
reduplicating only the accented vowel. They went all to- 
gether, " She guui, she o6zkae.'' They go all together, 
*^ Endes." They go one by one, ** Enen^s.'* They work one 
by one, separately, " Es-kolk61i,'' They work together, atone 
time or place, *' Es-ko61i." I have seen them one by one, 
" Uchuichten." I have seen them all together, "• Uiichten." 

5th. To become one, Chines-nkouilshi. 

6ih. To make them become one, les-nkouilshem, nkouilshten. 

262 OPii 

7lh. To beoome one with him, les-nkoaflshem, ukoaitshemen. The 

unification, Snkouilshten. Seo Unite. 
8th. The one, Sh^i. It is not the one, Tatn 8h6i. 
9th. The same one, i/ish6i. It is not the 6ame one, Tarn lishfei. 
OJSTION, n. Koi^aie, S6hech. 
ONLY, rt., at/y.-Is^chmish ; in com p. z. I have only the mother, 

"Che is'chmiishlu iskoi." I am the only one,*'I-chin-chmii8b." 

We are only ourselves children, " Kaes-chiimish kaezizem6lt." 
OOZE, V. I. Bs-chsl-gomdsi, chslgomdsem. 
OPEN", a. Ist. Of doors, or metaphorically, Es-koHnm^up, 
2d. If it be opened with a key, Es-kolinchegku^p. 
3d. If by pulling off the curtain, by which the Indian doors are 

shut, Es-koHncheh6p. 

4th. Open bottle, Tas koHnkaep, Es-koHnkutl^p. 

5th. Open country, Chil^ch^um, Cheum. 

6th. Open sea, Ohilchom^tiku, Chil^cheum. 

7th. Exposed to*view, La^ko, L^kot, Uinuingu. 

8th. Open tumor, Tkup. 

9th^ Evident, Imii. 

OPEN, V. t. Ist. In general, les-maum. 

2d. A door with the key, Chines-koHnchegku^pi. 

8d. The door of an Indian lodge, Chines-koHncheh6pi. 

4th. By breaking the door, Chines-kol^inm^upi. 

5th. Open a sack, Chines-kol^intelapi. 

6th. Open a bale, Chines-chtalizei. 

7th. Open a bottle, les-koHnkutl^pem. See Kutlim, Chines-kolin- 

8th. To open his mouth, Chines-sakazini, Chines-gupon^uskani, 

9th. To open his eyes, Ghines-chgalg^lsi ; wide, Chiues-chgup- 


10th. To open a window, les-nchegkusem. 

11th. To open a tumor, les-tkum. 

12th. To open the hand, Chines-gupmechsti. To close the hand. 

OPEN", V, I. 1st. The same as above. 

2d. To begin to appear, Chiiies-Jaakomi, Chin-laako. 

3d. A tumor breaks open, Es-tkupmi. 

4tb. The earth opens, splits, Es-iiskap6usi, Es-ntelpeusi. See Tal, 

OEI ' 268 

OPENING,/!. 1st. A door wane for a lodge, Kolinlgo6p3 for a 
house, KoHnchera6p. 

2d. Passage, Nguiten. 

OPENLY, adv, La^kot, Uinuingu. 

OPINION, n. Szntels, Spuus. 

OPPONENT, n. Shem^o. 

OPPOSE, V. f, les-sheraenfeusem, les-cheutusem. 

OPPOSITE, a. Ist. Placed over against, Shemen^us. 

2d. The farthest one, S'ehemdgan. See Chein. 

3d. Facing to. See Face. 

4th. Facing each other, Es-togtogs^us. 

5th. Opposite to me, L i8-togt6gt. 

6th. Adversary, Eutiis, Shem^n. 

7th. Mutually antagonist, Shemshemen^us. 

OPPEESS, V, t. ]st. To overpower, les-pizein. 

2d. To press down, les-chilznm^nena. See Zan. 

3d. To overburden, Ies-chi^gamm6nem. See Gemt. 

4th. To act strongly on, les-si^chstem. See Sissius. 

5th. To throw down, ies-tkom. 

OPPRESSIVE, a. 1st. Burdensome, Gemt 

2d. Acting powerfully on, Pizpizt, Ioi6t. 

3d. Violent, Lchlichet. 

OR, conj, Goa. 

ORDAIN, Jes-k6lem. 

ORDER, n. Ist. To set in order, les-shitlemim. 

2d. To issue an order, Chin-kolko61t. 

3d. I have an order, a written commission from, Chin-epl^ kaimin. 

4th. In good order, I-shiitl:. 

ORDURES, n. Smendch, Sliul. 

OREGON GRAPES, n. Szals; the bush, Szals^lemels. 

ORGAN, Musical instrument, Chgo^konchten. 

To play on the organ, Chines-chgo^konchi. 

OftlGlN, w. 1st. The birth of anything, Sk61il. 

2d. That from which anything proceeds, Nk61ilten, Snk61ilten, 
Nchlcolilten, Snchkolilton. 

3d. The root, real or metaphorical, Sogo6p, Nkualtin. See origin- 

ORIGINAL, a. 1st. The primitive, Es-shiit, Kasip. 

2d. Communicated by birth, Snkulkolil ; if communicated, con- 
tracted from the very conception, Snkulnk61il. 

264 ' OUT 

3d. Honce original sin, hn t^ie kaes-nkulnk6riemenlem (lit. The 
sin we have born with us). The sin taken, committed for us, 
"^u t6ie kae-ku^shl^ilt.'- You have born with sin, " Nkul- 
kol'leraentgu ku t^ie." You had the malice, wickedness born 
with you, " NkulkWMeraentgn lu st6ie." See Contract, Com- 
municate. Milko, Moop. 

ORIGENATE, v. L Chineskolili, Chincs-kualmi, Chines-melko- 
komi, Chines-mooprai ; these two last ones mean the propoga- 
tion rather than the origin. 

ORIGINATE, V. t Ies-k6riem, res-kualim, les-chkual^chstem. 

ORNAMENT. See Adorn. 

ORPHAN, n. Chitem^pile ; pL Chitemmapile. 

To become an orphan, Chin-chitemplaualsh, Chin-chitemplaszot. 

OSTENTATIOUS, a. Chines-azgaszuti, Chines-azgainszuti, Chin- 

OTHER, 1st. pr. and a. Nko, Chin^ks. 

2d. Different in kind, Es-tigulem. 

3d. The opposite side of a river, Nisk6t. 

-Irth. The opposite side of a mountain, Chtelichen. 

5th. The other side of a Galley, Chnteli61ze. 

6th. The other side of a person, farther on, S'chitelzii. 

7th. The others, Chinkanaks, Kuitl-t. See Some. 

OTHERWISE, adv. hn ne ta, lit. If not. 

OTTER, n. Ltko. 

OUGHT, V. imp. rendered by the conditionate subjunctive. 

OUR, pr. pers. Kae^-. Our dead, " Kae-sguthl," and so on when 
our applies to an adjective used substantively. 

OURS, pr. pers. Lu kaempil6, kaempile (it is ours, he is one of 

OURSELVES, pr. pers. 1st. Kaempile. 

2d. Emphatically, I-kaempil6. 

3d. B;' ourselves, I-tkaempile. 

OUST, V. t. Ies-6zkaem, les-raeeminem. 

OUT, adv. 1st. To be out, abroad, I-chin-cbo. 

2d. To be out, discovered. They lound me out, Ko-mipenuntem. 

3d. Extinguished, Es-teps. 

4th. Consumed. See Consume. 

5th. Out of, Tel. 

6th. Out of temper, out of order, etc., must be rendered by:Xo 
more in good temper, or in bad temper, etc. 

OVE 265 

Tlh. To go out, Chines-dzkaei. 

Sth. To send out, dispatch, les-kulstem. 

9th. To takeout of a drawer, etc., les-nkuftVem. 

lOtb. To pull out, les-zook^m. 

1 1th. To come out, Chines-tlechml. See T?lecb, 
0€^-BID, OUT-DO, etc., les-chgozim, les-chgozn^uem, adding 
the particular matter in which I surpass others ; or by Telzi, 
Tel, More than. 

OUTRAGE, r t. les-choinziitem. 

OUTSIDE, adv. Ist. Lch6lzke, Chch61zke. 

2d. The whole of the outside is rendered by inserting the vefb be- 
tween ch — ize. Clean outside, " Ch-gukup-izc." See Around, 

3d. Outside of a house, in front, or around, — chin^lgu, affixed to 
the verb. I stand outside, " Chines-chemtechin^lgu." I lay 
outside, out of doors,," Chines-chtkochin^lgu." I walk out- 
Hide, '* Chines-gustchin^lgu.*' 

Hd. Outside of a house, at the door, — ep. I lay him at the door, 
** Ies-koh'ntko6pem." See T^shilsh, Echsuish. 

4th. All around outside, ch — ize. All around outside, " Es-chmil- 
komize.*' Clean outside, " Ba-chgukupize." Torn all outside? 
'' Chitilze." Covered outside all around, " Es-chilguize.*' 
Whipped all outside, '" Es-chspize." 

oth. The farthest limit, the extreme point, Chcm". See Chem. 

OUTWARD, a. The superficial part, external, Chitk^ltich. 
N.B. — Chk61tich means up the river, opposite of Ut^mchi. 


OVEN" (for baking), w. Snkol6pten. 

OVER, prap. 1st. See Above, On. 

2d. Over the surface, or the whole surface, through the whole ex- 
tent, chil^ — prefixed to the verb, or its participle or nouns 
originating from the verb, I'.f/., I spread a blanket, covering, 
" les-i^lgum," lit. I spread it over. I spread the blanket over, 
** Jes-chilielguni \u sizem." But if meaning the person or ob- 
ject over which it is spread, affix ene to the verb. 1 spread 
over him, " les-chil^-ilgu-eneem, i-hih*lgu6neen." And if the 
person or object over which the action takes place should 
speak, they will say : I am covered over with that blanket, 
** Ie8-chiHlgu6neem, chililgu^nemen (9) lu sizem," using the 

266 OVE 

instrumental form of the verb. See ChU — . Over the lake, 

Rea, water, " Chi^^-ch^um/' Wind blowing over Ihe lake, etc., 

" Chi*.n6uku.'' Calm all over, « Chil-k6iku.'' 
3d. Over the head, above, Sntgo^uskan. 
4th. To go, over to the opposite side or party, (/hines-niekoshilshi, 

I go over to the protestants, ""^ les chniekoshilshem lu sui^pi." 

To come over to this side or party, " Chines-zniekoshilshi.'' 
5th. To put any kind of garment over, across, not meaning the 

clothing oneself with it, les-lkom. 
6th. To surpass. See Surpass, Exceed. 
OVER AND ABOVE, 1st. Es-ngoztus. 
2d. I pay that over and above, les-nchgoztusem. See Goez. 
3d. There are four over and above, Mus \n ksngoztus. 
OYER-ALLS, n. SV^hgappus^kst'shin. 
OVER-ANXIOUS, a Mil-chines-koltkapelsi. 
OVER-BEAR, v. t. les-ketem, Ies-elk6m, Ies-ch!t6ikaneni. 
OVERCAST SKIES, I-chtokskat, I-chtkup^skat. See Tok. 
OVERCOME, V. t. les-elkom, les-tlegupem. See Win. 
OVERCOAT, w. Ist. Chilkaltichalks {lit Outward dress). 
2d. Buffalo robe overcoat, Chupt's^lks. 
3d. White blanket, Takaialks. 
4th. Black — , Koaialks. 
5th. Stripped — , Kaialks. 
OVER-FLOW, V, «:. Es-t6chti, Es melpmi. ^,B.— Techet refers to 

the water flowing out of its natural course ; Melip refers to the 

land overflowed. See Flood. 
OVER-HANG, v. i, Chines-t^shalttus. 
OVERHEAR, v. t. les-l^shinem. 

OVERLOOK, t. t, 1st. To look over from on high, les-chilazgam. 
2d. To inspect, review, les-shitlim. 
3d. To pass unnoticed, Ta ies-4zgani. 
4th. To look over the shoulder, Chines-nazgachnzuti, Chines-kolaz- 

5th. See Forget, Pardon. 

OVERPOWER, t*. f, Ics-pizem, Fes-l^chem, Ie8-elk6m. 
OVER-REACH, v, t. 1st. les chgozim. 
2d. I over-reach my own self, my own authority, power, Chines- 

OVfiR-RUN, V. t. 1st. To run all round, les-silcheminera. 

OWN ^ 267 

2d. All over, res-chH^milkom6nem, chil^milkom^neen. See Milko. 

3(1. A wagon running over one, Es-chil-golko^nem. 

4th. Run faster, les-ehgozini. 

OVERSEE, r. t. les-chitfm, les-^zgam. 

OVERSEER, n. Sgu-chitim, Sgu-^zgam, 

OVER-SHADOW, v. t les-chitcheifenem. 

OVER SHOES, n. Chngapgapeushin, 

OVER-SPREAD, v, t, les-ehili^lguiu (meaning the article spread 

over), les-chililgu^neera (affecting the object over which it is 

spread). See Flood, for water over-spreading, and c»ther 


OVERTAKE, y. f. les-nchiznichem {liU To reach at his back). 

OVERTHROW, v, t Ist. To upset, les-ku^lchem, les-u6riera, Fes- 

2d. To ruin, les-mdum, Ie8-h6iera. 

OVBRWEIGH, V. t les-ketem. 

OVERWHELMED, a. Ist. By a weight, Chin-chifgamene. Sefe 

2d. By anything spread over, Ohin-chil^ilguene. 

8d. By waves, or the like, Chin-chilmelpene. 

OWE, V, t 1st. To have a debt to , Chin-epl-guilguilt 1 

2d. To have that debt to , Inguilgnilt 1 I owe you ten 

dollars, ** 6p€n ululim lu inguilguilt lu lanui." 

3d. To be indebted to one for favors received fron^ others, les- 

4th, To be obliged to ascribe to one a misfortune, les-chtledpilem. 
See Tleem. 

OWL, n. 1st. Snine. 

2d. Screeching owl, Nchichgue. 

OWN, a. 1st My own, thy own, etc., rendered by the simple per- 
sonal pronoun, Koi6, Anui, etc. 

2d. If emphasized, I-koie, I-anui, etc 

OWN, r. t. 1st. To be the proprietor of; Chikaep-st^i, les-kolBt6- 
mem, les-temmem. God owns us, ** Kolinz6ten kaep-st^lila, 
Kaep-ste h\ kaempil^." 

2d. To acknowledge the right to, les-kol (with the object 

owned affixed). I own you for my husband, " Kuies-kolsge- 

luim." I own you for my son, ** Kuies-kolsgusigulsteni." 

•3d. To confess the responsibility of, as : I own that fault, J es-n mi- 
pern istem. 

2S8 PAI 


OWNBR, ». ini kaopste, ^u kaepi He is the owruer of the 

horse, ** Sh6i iu ka^epf-gaUzio, Shifei lu cbj^llichis t g4j.t^£in. " 

See Master, Lord. 

I am the owner of myself, Chines-chelticbszuti, Chines-cJwhtepHes- 

OX, n. Szdl^em, Sz61em. 

OX-FLY, n. Chatnlk. 

PYSTER, w. Skokollane. 


PACE, V. i. Of horses, Es-m'nmilshi. Sec Step. 

PACIFIER, n, NraeFIsenzuten. 

PACIFY,?;./. ]es-kampim, les-nmel^lsern. See Calm, Appease, 

Reconcile, Me^l. 
PACK, V. t. Ist. To pack up goods in packs (in general), Cbines- 

2d. To place a load on a man or horses., I©8-koj61tem. 
8d. To carry a load, les-ko^^tem. See Ko61t, Koelt, Carry, Load. 
4th. To pack a horse, les-kolch^nem, Cbineskolcbiak^gaei. 
5th. To pack meat on a hoi'se, Chincs-kolt^lzei. 
6th. To lie the pack on an animal, Chines-chazmi. 
7th. To stow, press things in a small compass, les-zanem. 
PACK, w. Ist. A load, Sko61t. 
2d. The carrying it, Sko61t. 

PACKER, n. Sguko61t, Skolchisk^gae, Sguchazazim. 
PACK-HORSE, n. Sgukoeh. 
PACK-SADDLE, n. Chkoelten. 
PADDLE, n. Tlom6ten. 
PADDLE, V, i, Chines-tlem6ti. 
PADLOCK, n. KoHnche^pem. 
PADLOCK, V. t. les-koHncheepem. 
DOUBLE PAGE, Es-gapmeus. 
PAIL, n. 1st. in general, Lchep. 
2d. For pouring water in, Nmulten. 

PAST 209 

PAI^, n. lat. Szail. I feel a pain in the head, " ies-ealcminem lu 

isplk^ini," and so on for every part of the body. 
2d. Mental pain, Spupus^nch ) metaphorically, Sza^l. I feel a 

pain, affliction, ** Chineg-pupusenchi," or " Zal \m ispwiie.** 
3d. To do a thing, witi) pain, les-chag^ilem. See Agal. 
4th. To give pain to one, les-guizshtem t-spupusench, les-pupu- 

5th. Sharp pain outside, Es-zigai ; inside, Es-goikoi, Es-pitkiiin. 
PAIN, V. t, Ist. Ie8-nguzguzm61sen), les-guzguzm^cbsteni. 
2d. Moral, les-pupus^nchem, les-gnizehtem t^pupus^nch, Ies-k6i- 

shtem t-spupusdnch. 
PAINFUL, a, Ist. Causing pain, Zdlzilt; causing mental pain^ 

2d. Requiring pain, labor, Chagagalutem. 

PAINT, V, t, 1st. To color, v,g,, jminting a house, etc., white, le6- 

-po6m. To paint all round, Ie8-chp6izem. To paint inside 

(if with vermilion), les-npo^lsem ; (if with any other material) 


2d. With oil, les-minem. 

3d. To draw lines, streaks, Ie«4pim. I paint my forehead, Chines- 

4th. To make marks, les-kaim. 

5tb. To paint a figure,- portraying, les-kulkaim. See Kai. 
PAENTEK, n. Kulkeinzuten, Sgukulk^im. 
PAINTING, n. Skulkaii, Skufk^i. 
PAIK, w. 1st. Nkoaksus^ 
2d. Of shoes, gloves, Chnkosk^. 
PALACE, n. Zitgn. 

PALATE, n. 1st. The upper palate, Snshalt'skam^lten. 
2d. The lower palate, Snishtalkoe. 
PALE, a. To grow pale, Chines-tgulemiis. 
PALM, n. 1st. Of the hand, Snchimchin^chst. 
PALM SUNDAY, (by Flatheads) Punelp; (by others) Ko^lzen. 
PALPABLE, a. Ching'gutem. 

PALPITATE, V, i. i-m&kumuku, I-mkum6kul8 lu spuus; 
PAN, n. 1st. Kapelze. 
2d. Frying pan, Snzagamen. 
M. Wash pan, Nz^umen. 
PANTALOONS, n. 1st. As uBed by whites, Snolup». See Ott. 

270 PAR 

2d. As used by primitive Indians, a separate cover for each leg, 

3d. To wear pants, Chines-g^tlishini. 
4th. To pull off one's pants, Chines-chpt^pU^kstshini. 
5th. Ah used simply to cover the essential parts,* Inl^ku^ (perhaps 

In^kuepil). See hkom, 
PANTHER, n. Skutissimie. 
PAPER, «. Kaiminten. 

PAPER, V. t. res-niu;upgu6penchem. See Guep. 
P.\RABLB, n. Ist. Nchsuguraezinten, Nzgo^lten,a8 they call their 

2d. ,To tell a parable to one, les-chsugumezinem, chsugumezinemen, 

PARADE, V, t. les^akomim, les-ko^nera. 
PARADISE, n. S'chcheraaskat, Snpidsten. 
PAR, They are at par, Shiim^us. See Sh6i. 
PARALLEL, a, Ezagalslkotfeus. 
PARALYTIC, a. (Entirely), Bs-t'll61ze (lit. Dead body, unable to 

2d, Partially paralytic, of the arms, Es-komkomp^gan. 
3d. Of the legs^ Es-komkompshin. 
4th. Attracted in the arms, Es-kan6chst. 
PARAMOUR, n. Sgamench^us. 
PARASOL, n. Chifch^ieneten. 
PARCH, V. t les-chulim. 
PARDON. See Forgive. 

PARE, V, t, Ist. For the finger nails, Fes-koHnchnichem. 
2d. Fruit, J3otatoe8, by cutting rour.d, les-chilkaizem, les-chilkal- 

3d. By pulling off the skin alone, les-cheuizem. 
4th. By rasping away the skin, as is done with carrots, les-cham- 

PARENT, w. Pog6t, pi Pogpog6t. 
PARLOR, n. Snkamkam^listeii. 
PARSNIP, n. Mclalpe. 
PART, n Ist. A fraction, S'chut. 
2d. Some ones, Kuitlt. 
3d. More frequently rendered by the possessive verb, EpI. Part 

of it he put on high, part he left on earth, " Epl tkontes I 

PAE 271 

nnist, epi Izfists 16 1 stoligu." I gave bim part of it, "Epi^ 
4th. Portion, share in a division. My part, " hi\ ikste,'' (UL What 

belongs to me). 
5th. Share in a work. My part, " hn ikszkol'' (what I must do). 

6th. To take the part ot , les-cbshinim, ies-ngaztusem. 

7th. To play the part of. j.Ies-nzuzu^chsem. 

8th. For my part, Koi6. 

9th. To take in good part, Chines-ngeseLsi, Chines-niiialsi. 
lOtb. To take in bad part, Chines-nehelsi. 
11th. To take part in a job, les-chnshi^chstem. See Sh^i. 
PART, V, t, 1st. To separate, les-gokomim. 
2d. To divide in shares, les-pgomim. 
3d. To disunite, Tes-gokneusem. 

4th. To make them separate, les-gokop^usem, gokopeusten. 
5th. To part with one, Ie8-gokop6usem, gokopeusemen. 
PART, V, I. 1st. To be broken in pieces, Chines-telpmi. See Break. 
2d. To become separate, Chines-talp^usi, Chines-gokop^usi. 
3d. To take leave, to start, Chines-guisti ; pL Kae-tkoot. 
PARTAKE, participate, v. i, 1st. To take a share in property, Chi- 
-kaep Me, Chi-kaep — . I will not participate in his murder, 
" Ta i-kaep stlumechst t snguls.*' 
2d. To take a share in an action, les-chnsi^chstem. 
3d. To have something of the properties, nature, Inko u chin-ep. . . 
He participated in our blood and flesh, " Inko ep sngul, inko 
u ep bk61tich 1 kaempil^," or, " Nkulngulemis iu kaesngul, 
iikuskeltichemis \\x kacsk^ltich/' or," Kolstemmis \\x kaesngul, 
kolsl^mmis \yx kaesk^ltich." See Communicate. 
PARTISAN, n. Nchsbinten. See Followet. 
PARTNER, y)artaker, n, Ist. Sel^gt. 

2d. The one that has anything in common with me, Isnku^p — . 
My partner in marriage, " Isnkuhigonogoeus." My partner 
in religion, " Isnkueplnchauraen, Inko u epi nch^umen 1 
koiee.'* Partner of my joys, " Isnkulnpi^ls, Inko u epi npi^l- 
sten 1 koiee." My partner in a fight, " Isnku^^pelstu^gu.*' 
Partner in a dance, " Isnkul^koimmenzut." See Fellow, Com- 
Partridge, quail, n. Sk6kolko, Kalkalze. Of woods, Skuiskus. 
PARTY, n. 1st. See Partner. 

272: PAS 

2d. Tho two oppo&ite parties, Es-shoinen^as. 

3cl. The opposite party, Lu ncutils. 

4th, Both parties, B8-ehe861em. 

5th. I am one of the party, Chines-nsh^i. 

PASS, V, i, Ist. Chine8-8hiu»li. 

2d. To pa88 iTom one statt) or condition int<» anottier. Chines-k61ili. 

He passed from riches to poverty^ '* K6lil konkbint." Or bv 

the inchoative verb ending in lUh. See Become, Change: 
3d. To pass from one nature to another, Chines-neigu^usi, C/hines- 

-kol^isi. The bread passes into flesh, " Lu snkolp6 es-kolei- 

sem t skdltich." 
4th. To be accepted and giren, as coin passes, Es-n^istem. 
5th. To be reputed, Es-nagalelsem. You will pass for a big man, 

" Nem nagal61sememzt t ilimigum." 
6th. To pass over, to let pass, Tes-chgozira. Hb never passes a 

Sunday without getting angry, " Tas nko chgozst^s s'chaz^us, 

n tas aimt." 
7th. To surpass, les-chgoz'zniinera. 
8th. A day passes, Es-chgo6zti. 
9th. To disappear, I-chin-cho. 
10th. Let it pass, Lzii. 

llth. To pass a line, transgress, Chines-nguz^ksi. 
12th. To pass through a narrow hole, door, etc., Ohines-chiekonii. 

The thread passed through the needle's eye, " Chi^ko." 
13th. To pass through and through, les-chiz^usem. If by making 

a hole, Ies4go6usem. 
14th. To pass through an affliction, etc., Ghin-te6k:o. 
15th. To pass through a stream, Chin-ni6ko. 
16th. To pass a mountain, Chin-chgozusichen. 
I7th. To pass in front of a house, Chines-chshiustchinelgni. 
18th. To pass^by, not to stop, Chines-ngozdsi. 
PASS, ])assage, n. 1st. N'g{iiten, IsTguiluisten, Nshidsten. 
2d. To pass a trail, road, Shushu^l. 
PASSIBLE, a. Nguzguzmelzdten. 
PASSION, n. Ist. The act of suffering, Snguzguzraels. 
2d. What gives pain, Ngiizguzmelsten. 
3d. The reason why one suff^ers, Chnguzguzm^lsten. 
4th. See Anger, Inclf nation. Bent, Love. 
PAST, a. Chgoezt. 

PAW 273 

PASTE, n. 1st. For pasting, Zpakaminten, T61ten. 

2d. Dough prepared for bread, pies, Stii^. 

PASTE, V, t. Ist. Chines-zpakami, les-apkem. 

2d. One thing on another, les-chzpk^m. 

3d. Two things together, Chines-nzpkaseusi. 

PASTED, glued, a. Es-zapk ; part. Zp4ka. 

PATCH, n, Nshinustei). 

PATCH, v,t 1st. les-shinusem, les-shinshinusem. 

2d. Patch a gown, shirt, Chines-nshens^lkasi, Chinos-nshinshen- 

M. Patch a shoe, les-nshinusshinem. 

PATEN, n. Kualehkais sinsustis koailks (lit. The cover of the cuj) 
of the priest). 

PATH, n. Shoshu^l, Sguiten. 

PATIENCE, n. Ist. The act of it, Szniudils, Szniauls. 

2d. The being patient, Snidiuiols. 

3d. The virtue of patience, Sni^ulsten. 

4th. To have patience, Chin-nianls. 

PATIENT, a. Ni^uiols, Sios'chint. 

PATIENT, n. Sick. Es-chzal^ls. 

PATROL, n. Sguchgal6m. 

PATROL, V. i. Chines-chgalemi. 

PATRON, n. Chitenzuten. 

PATRONIZE, V. t. les-chilim, les-nkonneminem. 

PATTERN, n. mzgaten, Nzgo^lten. 

PAUNCH, n. Stgench. 

PAUNCH, V. t. les-chtekeusem. 

PAUSE, V. i. Chines-tlpenii. 

PAW, n, 1st. Stegt^gshin, Es-ntagtigshin. 

2d. The hind talon of birds, Zelz6lpshin. 

PAWN, V. t. rendered so : 1 lay at his feet that object, and the 
verb to lay must be in conformity with the object pawned. 

1st. Money, rings, etc., les-chtku^pem, chtku^pen. See Tkom. It 
is pawned, *' Es-chtkuep." I have that pawned to me, " les- 
-chtkuepem, chtkuepemen." I pawn that to him, " Ies-chtku6- 

phem." I have his pawned to me,'^ les-chtkufepemHem." 

N.B — Though this word means pledge and pawn at large, 
yet usually it means pledges for sinful acts. 

2d. Horses, cattle, les-chesush^pem. See Chechsushepem, Ech- 

274 PEA 

suish. The horse is pawned, *' Es-ehechsush^p." 1 have the 
horse pawned to me, " Jes-cheehsush^pem, chechsush^pemen;" 
r pawn him that horse, ** les-chechsush^pHem." I have his 
horse pawned to me, " les-chechsush^pemeHem." This word 
usually answers for presents made in view of marriage. 

3d. Kobes, blankets, clothes, Ies-chtak6pem, chitak6pen. See Tak. 
The robe is pawned, *^ Es-ehitak^p." I have the robe pawned 
to me, " les-ehitak^pem, ehitak^pemen." I pawn him the 
robe, " Ies-chitak6phem.'* I have his robe pawned to me, 
" les-chitakepmltem.*' 

4th. Guns, articles of wood, Ie6-chchiz6pem, chchiz^pen. See Chiz. 
The gun is pawned, " Es-chchiz6p." I pawn him the gun, 
** les-chchizepHem." I have a gun pawned to me, " les-ehchi- 
zepem, chchiz^pemen." I have his gun pawned to me, " les- 
-chchiz^pemHem. " 

PAWNEE, n. Es-chtkuep, Es-chechsush^p, Es-chitak6p, Es-chehi- 

PAY, V, t, 1st. For property bought, les-ne^isem. 

2d. For services, work received, les-g4kam. 

3d. For debts, by giving the equivalent, les-nguzshusem. 

4th. For debts or crimes, by suifering the penalty in any wa^-, les- 

5th. Eent in general, Tes-chtku6pilem ; of a house, les-ehtkupe- 

6th. Taxes, les-chgakapilem. 

7th. One's fare at the hotel, or for stage, Chines-chgakapelemisti, 
Chines-chtkupelemisti. N.B. — The western tribes use les- 
-gakam for all, but the Flatheads are more particular. 

8th. I pay for it, I have to suffer for my own deeds, les-uichemem, 
les-chsp^kakem, Chin-p^kaka. 

9th. I pay a criminal, punishing him, les-lzim, Ies-nguzguzm61sem. 

lOth. I pay myself for things due to me, Chines-gakanziiti. 

PAY, n. 1st. As given, Gakaltumshlen, Neeisten, Nkolisusten. 

2d. As received, Sg^kaka. 

3d. To ask payment of a debt, Chines-nseupi. See Seu. 

PAYMASTEE, n. Sgugakam. 

PAYING, w. SzgAka, Szne6is. 

PEA, n. Lipod,. 

PEACE, n. Ist. Sges. T am at peace, I-ehin-ges. 

PEE 275 

2d. Quietness, calm, I-chin-k6im, Chines-nkcim^lsi, Chincs-nka- 

8d. We live at peace together, Kaes-gespr6iiti. 
4th. The peace is broken, the pipe (emblem of peace) is broken, 

Telip lu snra6niguten. 
5th. We broke the pipe, the peace, Kaes-zgupusenm6niguten. 
6th. We make peace, smoking together after hostilities, Kaes- 

-ntpzenufegiii, Kae8-ntpkenu6gui. 
7th. I smoke with him, les-ntepzinem, ntepzin. 
8th. I make peace with him, les-nkuHhemtu^gum, nkul^ihemtue- 

9th. We make peace together, Kaes-ihemtu6gui, 
10th. I make them make peace, Ies-ihemtu6gum, ihemtu6gun. 
11th. Peace, after a fight, Sihemtu6gu, 
12th. To make peace with enemies of the same tribe, Kaes-gest'shi- 

tu^gui, Gest u kaes-azganu6gai^ Kaes-chguimnudgui. 
13th. Peace with you ! Pnkamelsem, Pg6stem lempil6. ! 
14th. Peace to you ! I-p-gos. 

15th. Two nations making peace, fraternizing, Kaes-nko^-igu^usi. 
PEACEABLE, a. Karakemt, E8-nkam6*8. 
PEACE-MAKEE, n. Geenzuten, but it means only the one that 

prevents hostilities. 
PEAK, n. Ichiltlimkan. 
PEAL, V. i, Es-ntlagzini. 
PEAL, V, t, les-lium. 
PEAR, n. Slak. 
PEAR TREE, n. Silk6lp. 
PECK, V. i. 1st. See Pick. 
2d. To peck on the trees, £s-chiiilalkoi. 
PEDIGREE, w. Golchemmdhhin. 
PEEL, v. /. les-eum ; all round, les-cheuizem. [f the knife be 

be used, see Pare. 
PEEL, V. i. Es-eumi. 
PEEL, n. OhcheiHize. 
PEELINGS, n. Eumin. 

PEEP, V, i. 1st. To begin to appear, Chines-tlechchmi. 
2d. To look in sl^jly, Chines-ntl^chsi. See Tlech. 
PEER. See Match, Mate. 
PEEVISH, a. Es-neh^ls, Es-nchgut't^ls. 

276 PEE 

PEG, n. Lpgomin. 

PELICAN, n. Chaphap^kolt. 

PELT, i\ L Chines-task^ligtti. 

PELT, V, t, lc8-teenunem. The rain pelts me, *' Kod|?disentein." 
The hail pelts me, *' Koshalusentem." 

PELTRY, ». Spurn. 

PELVIS BONE, n. Tkalem6p. 

PEN, n. Kaiminten. 

PEN, V. t, Ist. I write, Ohinefl-kaimi. 

2d. To enclose, les-ndlgum, les-npilsbem. 

PENANCE, n. 1st. Sorrow, Spupus^nch. 

2d. Satisfaction, repentance, Snkols. 

3d. To do penance, Chines-okdlsi, Chines-nk6liHi. 

4th. I do penance for my sin, IeR-nk61i8era In teie iszku^n* 

5th. I do penance for his sins, les-nkdliitem kvi t6ie Sfskueis. 

6th. To do penance, Chines-nkolisdsi, i.e. To pay the condign sat- 

PENCIL, n. 1st. For painting brush, Minemen. 

2d. Lead pencil, Kaiminten, P^nsil. 

PENDULUM, n. Es-itiatilshi. 

PENETRATE, v. t. 1st. To enter in, les-n^lgum. 

2d. To go in deep, Chines-nishilshi. See Ishdt. 

3d. To go in against opposition, obstruction, Chines-ka^musziiti. 

4th. To touch, aifect the feelings, les-chngdm. 

5th. To penetrate with the mind, les-nsugunem. 

PENIS, n. Spalk. 

PENITENT, a. Es-pupus6nchi. 

PEN-KNIFE, n. Chlolop^lko. 

PENTECOST, n. Sent Spagp^gt sgalgalts. 

PEOPLE, n. Sk^ligu. 

PEPPER, n. I.tagt^gt. 

PEPPERMINT, w. Ganganelp. 

PERAMBULATE, v. t, les-silchemim. 

PERCEIVE, V. t. Chines-uchnumti, Chiries-kutniipenumti. 

PERCEPTIBLE, a. Uchchutem, Chngugdtem. 

PERCH, V. i. Chines-chamutalkoi, Kaes-ehaiutalkoi. See Emut. 

PERCOLATE, v. L Bs-chstgoraus. 

PERDITION, n. Ist. The being lost, So68t. 

2d. The cause of one's perdition, No6sten. 

PES 277 

3d. The reason why one w lost, Ofeo68ten. 
PERFECT, a. 1st. I-p6tu8h6i, I-tog, I. 
2d. That has no defect^ Ta aplesoiluilt. 
PERFECT, V. t les-uim, Ies-k6lem, I-ks pMush^i. 
PERFIDIOUS, a, Tkt^kat, Ntaktakzin. 
PERFUME, V. t. les-sinem. 
PERFUME, n. 1st. in general, Sinsten. 
2d. (II liquid), Sinka. 
PERHAPS, adv. Goa, Uz. 

PERISH, V, i. Chine8-h6i, Chines-a^mti, I-ehin-oho, Chines-tlilomi. 
PERISHABLE, a. Telldtem. 
PERMANENT, a. Iku^mtem. 

PERMISSION, w. Ist. To ask permission, Chines-chsupilemisti. 
See S6ura. 

2d, To grant permission, Cliines^shi^lsi, les-shi^lsem, les-sh^iem, 
Chin-zdti sh^i. 

PERPENDICULAR, a. (if hanging), Es-chshalt^us. 

PERPETUAL, a. Ta kaeps'h6i. 

PERPLEX, V, t. Ie8-i6mem, les-nmesinem. 

PERPLEXED, V, i. Chine8-i6mmi, Chines^seleraini. See Doubt. 

PERPLEXING, a, I^miemt. 

PERSECUTE, V, t. les-chtkdm, les-m^chstem, les-^ichstem, les- 

PERSEVERE, r, i. Ist. To remain in the same state, Iku^mtem. 

2d. To go on steadily, Chines-ptlechstemisti, Chines-ikumtemisti, 

3d. To go on, Chines-tagolusi. 

4th. Not to back out, Ta ispelchdsi, Ta isenu^upi. 

PERSON, », Sk^ligu, Pelson. 

PERSONATE, v, t. les-nzuzu^ohsem. See Disguise, Dissemble. 

PERSPICUOUS, a. I-gal, I-mii. 

PERSPIRE, t\ u Chines-chiskoilti. 

PERSUADE, V, t Ist. les-k^ilem. 

2d. To persuade to start, les-g^lem. 

3d. Persuade to evil, les-chi^m. 

PERTAIN. See Belong. 
PERVERT, V, t. les-nisakam, les-ostdsem. 
PESTIFEROUS, pestilential, a. Chinilemen. 
PESTLE, n. Teeminten, Kauiskan. 

278 PIL 

PET, V, t, (By smoothing the hair). Ies46zem, les-ldzkanein. 

PET, n. Gam^nch. 

PETULANT, a. Es-nraemezin, Es-guaszin. 

PHEASANT, n. Skuiskus. 

PHILTER, n. P^agt, Pkuminlen. 

PHILTER, V, t, Ist. les-pkum (I scattered the powders). 

2d. I philter him, les-pt^gtera (from Sel^gt, Lagt^us). 

PHOTOGRAPH, w. Skulkaii. 

PHOTOGRAPH, v. t. les-kulkaim. 

PHRBNZY, a. I-chin-ku6l8. 

PHYSIC, n, Mali^msten. 

PHYSIC, V, 1. les-mali^m 1 kspzm^. 

PHYSICIAN, n. Sgumali^m. 

PICK, n. Spu^lka. 

PICK, V. t Ist. Of birds on the wood, Es-ehililalkoi. Pick food, 
Es-chemzini, Es-ililulegui. 

2d. To pick fruits, Chines-kol^ui, les-chmiura. See Fruit. 

3d. Sec Choose. 

4th. To pick up, Fes-nes'eh^nem. 

5th. To pick up refuse, articles, rags, les-chemchemira. 

6th. To pick up sticks of wood, Chines-chm^slkupi. 

PICKET, n. Es-nshit61egui, Es-zelzeldlegui. 

PICTURE, n. Kaimin, Sku^kaii. 

PIECE, 1st. Absolute, Smiu. Of wood, S'cbmauiks. See Miu. 

2d. A little piece, rendered by the diminutive. Little piece of to- 
bacco, " Sl-m^ranigu." 

PIECE, V. t les-tpim. 

PIERCE, V t. Ist. Ie84g6m.. 

2d. To pierce transversely, les-lgo^usem, les-chiz^usem. 

3d. To pierce lengthwise, Ies-nlgo61zem. 

4th. To pierce the hand, les-lgochinechsem. 

5th. To pierce the foot, les-igoshinim. 

6th. Of a piercing pain, les-goikom. 

PIG, n. Npelk^ks, ;?Z. Npelpelk^ks, Co8h6n. 

PIGEON, n. Ist. Dove, Gozgozem. 

2d. Turtle, Hemishemis. 

PILE. See Heap. 

PILES. See Hemorrhage. 

PILLS, n. Milmilko. 

PIS 279 

PlLIiAGE, V, i. 1st. A house, Chines-chz's^lgui. 

2d. To pillage the dead, Chines-chguku6lzei. 

3d. To pillage right in the owner's teeth, Chines-nehem^igui, 

PILLOW, n. Neho^ne. 
PILLOW, V. t, les-nche^nem, ncheenen. 
PILOT, n, Golshit listen, Sgushiit, Sgunmi^ksem. 
PIMPLES, n, S'chil6zke. 
PIN, n. Ist. Of wood, Lpgorain. 
2d. Common brass pins, Chche^pile. See Chee. 
PIN, V. t. les-utch^lem. To pin together, les-utchl^usem, les- 

PINCH, V. t. To squeeze hard between the fingers, les-zipem. 
2d. To squeeze between any two hard bodies, Ies-ka6m, les-nka^m. 
3d. To oppress, les-pizem, les-si6chstem. See Force. 
PINCHERS, n. 1st. As used to draw nails, Zookaminten. 
2d. For twisting wire, tweezers, Koemminten. 
PINE, n. S^t'kolp, pi Sat^t'kolp. 
PINE-APPLE, wild, w. Sz'ziehe. 

PINE, V. i, Ist. To pine away, Chines-a^mti, (yhines-HJpnii. 
2d. To pine for, Chines-chop^lsi. 
PINNACLE, n. Nshitakan^lgu. 
PIONEER, n. Sgushiit. 
PIONEER, V. t les-gushiitem. 
PIOUS, a, prayerful, Chochomul. 
PIPE, n. 1st. For smoking, Snm^niguten, Sntp^pten (this last 

properly means the stem. See Tpim). 
2d. We smoke the pipe together, passing it from mouth to mouth, 

Kaes-ntpzenu6gui. See Peace. 
3d. The pipe is choked, I-tuk, Es-ntel61ze. 
4th. I open the pipe with a wire, les-ntch^ksem. See Techim. 
5th. The ]>ipe is open, Es-ntch^ks. 
6th. I fill the pipe, Chines-ntkami. See Tak. 
7lh. The pipe is filled, Es-ntak. 
8th. Pipe (musical instrument), w. Chilgoalko. 
9th. Pipe (of india rubber for conducting water), Spechelgu. 
PISS, v» i, Chine8-^h6i, Chines-pzmi^. See Paz, 
PISS, n. Stch6i, Spaz. 
PISTOL, w. Ist. t>ne barrel pistol, Chi*gogotak6. 

280 PLA 

2d. Six-shooter, Tak»ncb»t6lze. 

PIT, n. E8-n*6go. 

PITCH, n. T6Hen. 

PITCH, V. t Ie8-t6*em. See Throw. 

PITCH-WOOD, n. Stetldkue. 

PITCH-FORK, n. Nkeik^ius. • 

PITH, n. Snstch'em^lao. 

PITY, n. Ist. The feeling for misery of others, SnkoDnhuinsh. 

2d. To feel pity for, les-nkonnerniQeia. 

3d. What excites pity, the misery, Skonkoint, Nkonkointen. 

PITY» V, t. Ist. The simple foeliog of sadness over miseries, les- 

2d. When united with the will of relieving them, lefl-nkonneminem. 

PIVOT, w. E8-nohizk6in. 

PIX, n. Snkamintis snkaezin. 

PLACE, n. Ist. Any place, Snlziiten. But any particular place ii" 
rendered according to the uae it serves ; so, a place to sleep is, 
Snitshten ; a place to eat, Snilenten ; a place for travelliBg, 
Snguiluisteu. In comp., — 61egu. Grood place, Ge»6legu ; bad 
place, Ches61egu ; dark place, 1-chimlego ; drained place, 
Gainp61egu ; level place, I-shilHegu j smooth pla«ee, I-ol ; miry 
place, 1-ntlauchlegu ; deserted place, Lchdleaju ; destroyed 
place, Nhoilegu; frozen place, I-8ull6gu ; incumbered place, 
I-zupl6gu ; cold place, Zalt6legu ; snowy place, Mkoldleguj 
small place, Lkkukuimolegu } big place, Kutenolegu 5 distant 
place, Lkot61egu. 

2d. To change place, transport, Chines-sipshilshi. 

3d. To hold the place of another, les-n^-kalsh^lpem, Ies-tnemt6l- 

4th. The oifice, K61emen. 

PLACE, V. t, les-Tkom. See Put, Lay, Set, Rest, Pose. 

PLACENTA, n. migus^lten. 

PLAGUE, V. t 1st. To vex, les-nmezinem, Ies-m6chstem, les- 
-heetim, les-chposachstem. 

2d. To give the plague, les-chinilem 

PLAIN, a. 1st. Level, I-06I. 

2d. Prairie, I-gasiilegu. 

3d. Clear place, unobstructed, Es-kag. 

4th. Evident, I-mii. 

PL A 281 

6th. Simple, unadulterated, l-chmish, I-slsh. 

PLAINS, n. Ist. l-gasi^logu. 

2d. Open field, out of the woods, ChUch^um. 

8d. To go to the plains, Chin-ehil'eheushilshem. 

4th. To issue in the plain out of the woods, Chin-p6ptlem; 

PLAIT (the hair), v. t. les^sitchem. 

PLANE, n. Gutlminten. 

PLANE, V. L Chines-chgutlmi, Chines-chgutl^lkoi, Chines-odli, 

PLANE TKEB, n. Z6kBkon6lp. 
PLANK, n. Ist. See Board. 
2d. Plank over a stream, etc., E8-nohi«6us. 
PLANK, V, t, les-galfm. 

PliANT, n. Es-shite, pi Es-zil ; red, Es-zelzil. One plant, Nko- 
^Iko. Two plants, Asldlko. Ten plants, Openehstiilko. 
N.B. — Each plant is known only by its name. 

PLANT, V, t. 1st. To put in and cover with ground, as potatoes, 
etc., les-ldkam, les-nlkadlegum, les-rizkamndlegum. 

2d. To set in the ground, les-shitim ; for more than one plant, les- 
-zelim, les-nshit^legum, les-nzeldlegum. 

3d. To stick anything like a stick in any place, les-nzakom. 

PLASTEK, w. Te^min. 

PLASTER, V, t, les-teHra. 

PLASTERED, a. Sztih 

PLASTERER, n. Sgutelim. 

PLATE, n. Kap61ze. 

PLAY, t\ i, 1st. To amuse oneself, Chines-memszuti. 

2d. For money, laying wagers, Chines-gazgazmf. See Gamble. / 

3d. Play at wheels (Indian game), Chines-golgol^gui. 

4th. Play at sticks, Chines-zl^lkoi. 

5th. Play at cards, Chines-memszuti. 

6th. Play at chess, Chines-chil^koakoami. 

7th. Play the flute, on all mouth instruments, Chines-chlgo^lkoi. 

8th. Play on the organ, Chines-chgoakonchi. 

PLAY, V, t Ist. To represent another, Ies-nzuzu6chsem. 

2d. To play the fool, deaf, Chines-paganzdti. 

3d. To play the sick, Chines-zazal6iei. 

4th. To play the Indian, Ghines-kaliguszdti. 

5th. To play the white man, Chines-soipszdti. 


6th. To play the big, Chines-kutiszdti. 

7th. To play th« man, Chines-skaltemguszdti. 

8th. To play the chief, Chineft-ilimguszdti. 

9th. To play tricks, I©»-chpos6cb8tem. 

10th. 1 play him out, lea-gut^ch^tem. 

11th. He is played out, Kolgutip, GutemmBzut. 

PLAY-FELLOW, play-mute, n. 1st. He that plays on my side, for 
me, Isgnmemesfsut. 

2d. He that plays on the opposite side, In-eut6s. 

PLAY, n. 1st. The act of playing, SmcmszM, Sz'Ulko, Sgazgazim, 

2d. The play itself, Smerapzutan, Gazgazminten. 

PLEAD, r. L 1st. To deny a charge, Chines-l^^nenUi. 

2d. To beg for mercy, Chiues-konkonszinemisti. 

3d. To plead for raerty, les-konkonszinem. 

PLEASANT, a. I-ges. 

PLEAS ANTBY, n. Sposzdn . 

PLEASE, V. L 1st. les-nges^lsem, ngesdisten \ les-npielseni, Djiiel- 
sten ; or, Koeo-ugesdlsems, konges^lsemis (he is pleased with 
me). See Ges, Pii. 

2d. I please his eyes, K<> chgesusemis. 

3d. It pleases his taste, Chges^ksemis. 

PLEASE, I am pleased, t\ i, 1st. Chines-l^mti, Chines-mauisi, 

2d. Please, do it for me. Mi, Kok61eH. 

3d. If you please, Lu ne aspuus, Lu ne aszntds, Mi, 

4th. As you please, Ne takspuds, Ne aspuds, aspuus^ 

5th. I am pleased to see him, les-chgesusem, chgesusemen. 

6th. I am pleased to hear him, fes-nges^neem, ngesen^men, 

7th. Please for a favor, Mi. 

PLEASANT, a. Gest. See Ges, Pipiit. 

PLEASURE, n. 1st. Snpi^ls, Slemt, Sngesels, Npielsten, Nged- 

2d. Will, Spuus, Szntels. 

3d. Favor, Snkonin. 

PLEDGE. Sec Pawn. I pledge my word, Chines-zuti. 

PLEDGE, pawn, v. t, Ist. ff cattle are given in pledge of a prom- 
ise, les-chechsushepem. It is given in pledge, " Bs-cbeehwi- 
sh^p." I have that in pledge, '* les-chechsush^pem, cbcchsu- 

sh^pemen (9)." I have his hc^e ...... in pledge, ** lefi-chech- 

sush^peniHen (16)." t give that to him as pledge, " les-ohec^h- 
sush^phem (16)." 
2d. If robes^ blankets are pawned, les-chitak^pem. The blanket 
is pawned, given in pledge, " Es-ehilak6p." I have his blanket 
in pledge, " les-chitak^pem, chitak6pemen (9)." 
3d. If a gun be pledged, les-ehehiz^pem. The gun is plledged, 
" Bs-chchiz6p." I have the gun in pledge, " Ies-chchiz6pem, 
chehiz6pemen (9)." I give that gun to him in pledge, " les- 
chchiz^pHem (16)." 
4th. If money, rings, the like, be given as pledge, les-chtkuepem. 
It is given in pledge, oi*, he has been given something in 
pledge, " Es-chtku^p." I have that given to me in pledge, 
" les-ehtku^pem, chtkuepemen (9)." I give him that in pledge, 
" les-chtku^pltem." We give pledge to one another, v. reo:, 
'* Kaes-chtkupenuegui." This verb, though used indifferently 
for any plfedge, yet because it is used for presents for bad pur- 
poses, can scarcely be used. 

PLENTY, a. Goeit. See Alk. 

PLEURISY, n. I have pleurisy, Chines-pilku. 

PLIABLE, a. 1-zol, I-poz'z. Not pliable, Tas p6z'zi. 

PLOUGH, n. Teliileguten. 

PLOUGH, V, t 1st. Chines-teldlegui. 

2d. The waters, Chines-tel^tikui. 

PLOUGHMAN, n. Sgutelulegum. 

PLOUGH-TAIL, handle, Snchchimin. 

PLUCK, V. t. Ies-zook6m, les-lk^m. 

PLUCKED, a. Sz'zauka. 

PLUG OF TOBACCO, Nko smenigu, Nko HeWemiitio sm^nigu; 

PLUM, n. Chtet^us. Plum tree, Chtatas^lko. 

PLUME, n. Chlkoakolten, Chlk'kolp^lsten. See Feather. 

PLUME, V. t. les-lk^m. 

PLUNDER, V. i, and i\ t. 1st. Plunder enemies, Chines-chguku^lzi, 
See Gdku. 

2d. Plunder the dead, Chines-kolchemrai, les-kolchemmim. 

3d. Plunder right in the face of the Qwner, Chines-nchem^lgui, 

4th. Stripping naked, Chines-chz^s^lgui. See Z'sim. 

PLUNGE, V, L Chines-Cisti, Chines-ntipetikumisti. 

284 POL 

PLUNGE, V, t les-r.tkaikam.* 

PLY, V, L and r. i. To keep busy at, Chines-agatchmi, les-a^t- 

POCKET, n. Nlag6ne. 

POCK-MARKED, a. Es-guigos. 

POH ! interj. Pnm ! 

POINT, n, tst. Ifa(?cuminated objects, Snehamkan ; if sharp on 

the edge (y,g, a mzor), Snehinaks. 
2d. At the point of dyirg, etc.,/)a5f, Ln ebiks-tlilemi ; pres, Chiks- 

tlilemi ; fut, Ne ehikBtlileini, and so others, using the parti- 
POINT, V, f. 1st. To point a musket, etc., to , Ies-chtg6ra, le^- 

2d- To point out with the finger, Ies-z6kom. 
POINTED, (?. Ntlilimaks. 
POISON, n. Chinileraen, ChiHnnigu, Innigu. 
POISON, V, t, Ist. Also with venereal diseases, les-chinilem. 
2d. Poison a woman through jealousy, poisoning her food, les- 

3d. Poison wolves, Chines-chilinnigui. 
4th. Poison myself, Chines-chinliszuti. 
5th. Poison myself accidentally eating wild carrots, Chines-ebzo- 

6th. I am poisoned, Chines-chinili. 
POKE, V t. 1st. To thrust, les-goikom. 
2d. The fire, Ies-chk61sem. 
3d. To place, stick in, les-ka^m. 
POLE, n. 1st. Luk. 
2d. Long pole, Usahin^lgo. 
3d. Planted pole, Es-nshit61^gu. 
4th. Lodge poles, Sk^imen. 
POLICEMAN, V. Sgulchim, Sgukunem. 
POLECAT^ n. In summer, Lchim ; in winter, Papkalze (on account 

of his turning white in winter). 
POLISHED, a. I-zich. 

POLLUTE, V, t. Ist. in general, les-kolgoericm. 
2d. A man, les-pelpelk^m*. 
3d. Oneself, Chines-chspelpelkanzuti, Chines-chechemszuti. This 

latter can be used without impropriety. 

PCS 285 

POMMEL (of a saddle), n. Spelk^jis ntkochsk^gae. 

POND, n. Es-nlgodtiku. 

PONDEE, V. L Chine8-ko6ni. 

PONDEE, V, t. les-ko^nem. 

PONY, n. Snchilzask^gae. 

POOH! Pum! 

POOR, a, let. Destitute of goods, Konkoint. 

2d. Emaciated, E-chitas. 

3d. Worthless, I-tenemus. 

4th. I made myself poor through laziness, gambling, Chirakomen- 

sutemen }u isg6pt, kn isgazgazim. 
POPE, n, Lip^p. 
POECH, n, Chilak^isten. 
POECUPINE, n. Skuil. 
POEK. n. Coeh6n, Npelpelkiks. 
POEEIDGE, n. Szntep6s. 
POETION, V. t. I^-pgomim. 
POETEAIT, n. Skulkaii, Sk6lil. See Kaim. 
POETEAY, V. t. les-ku^kaim. 

POSSESS, V. t, 1st. To own. See Own, Have. It is rendered (1), 
when the object is determined by the possessive pronoun, it 
is mine, it is yoursj etc. I possess this house, it is mine, " In- 
-zitgu." (2.) When the object is not individually determined, 
rendered by Chin-epl — , or, ep — if followed by s. I possess 
horses, wagons, " Chin-ept gatlzin, Chin-epl:g61ko.'* See Ep. 
2d. To be in possession simply, not implying the right to the ar- 
ticles, as a sheriff is in possession of sequestrated goods, is 
rendered by inverting the phrase ; v.g.y Your horse is by me, 
with me, " Lkoi6 lu angatl^zin u echisuish," your horse stands 
with me. 
3d. To come in possession, of an indefinite object, Chintigul ...... I 

got horses, I came to possess myself with horses, " Chin-tigui 
4th. To come in possession of an indefinite object, is rendered by 
making a verb ot the possessive pronoun. I possessed myself 
of that horse, " Koi^leinen zi snchilzaskigae." Thou possess- 
edst thyself of that house, ^'Anuilementgu zi zitgu." See eaol) 
5th. The possession of a definite object is also rendered by making 

286 PO^T 

a verb of the subst^mtive possessed. I made my house of this 
hoase, ** Zitgumen \h zitgu.*' I make my horse of thy horse, 
" Gatlzinomentgu lu angatlzin." ' * 

6th. Possessed by the devil, i.e. The devil took possession of him, 
N61'g«lzeentem t sgo^lemen, lit. Entered into by the devil. If 
by several devils, Npilshelze^ntem t sgo^lemen. But if nican- 
ing that the devil is already in possession of him, Nemtelze^n- 
tem t sgo^lemen ; if several devils be in him, Naiutelzeentem. 
See Emut, N61'gu. So the devil would say : I possessed my- 
self of him, I entered in him, N6}galze6n. We took possession 
of him, Kaes-naiut^lzeem. The person possessed would say : 
I have been possessed, entered into by one devil, Nolgufelze- 
men sgo^lemin. I have been possessed, entered, by many, 
Npilsh^lzemen. lam now possessed, indwelled by a devil, 
Nemt61zemen. 1 am possessed by several, Niautdlzemen. 
Fail not to remark here the important difference of the primi- 
tive form of the verb and of the fbrm called instrumental^ 

POSSIBLE, a. in general, Lkokoiitetn, Kol'Ifitem. Not possible, 
Tas Ikokoiitem, Tas kol'liitem. But every verb has this final, 
indicating the possibility of its action, which could be called 
the p^sive potential form, ft cati be sawed, it is possible to 
saw it, "Nichchdtem." In general this fbrm is made by re- 
duplicatitig the hist consonant of the hidical and affixing 
— ^utem to it, as ft can be seen in nearly all the verbs in the 
first part of the Dictionary. But if we wish to express the 
possibility, power of doing anything (not of being done), then 
only aifix — mutem to the radical, without any reduplication. 
It is possible to see me, Chin-uchch(item. It is possible for 
me to see him, Uchemutemsten. It is possiHe to touch me, 
Chin-chingugutem. I can touch it, Chin-gumutemsten. 

Post, n. 1st. a piece of timber, metal planted ih the ground, Es- 

2d. Post-boy, mail-carrier, Sguukulkaimin. 

8d. Post-master, Sguchitim 1 kaimin. 

4th. Post-office, Snkamintis kaimfn. 

POSTPONE, V. t. 1st. Ies-koltk6m, koltkant^n. See Tak. 

2d. No kuen6, premised to a verb, it being ^n adverb. 

POT, n, rendered by the instrumental substantive of each verb 
that gives the different use of the pot. 


POW 2S7 

Ist. A pot to drink with, Snsijsten. See Sust, 

2d. Fire-pot, coffoe-pot, tea-pot, as used to ^t by the fire, Spx- 

kausten. See Zftk. . 

3d. Cl^amber-pot, Sntcbeiten, or, Snmen^chten. 
POTASSA, n. In the impure state, found near several lakes, Mgoi^i- 

legu, from Migu, or Mgop. 
POT-LID, n. See Lid. 
POTATO, n. Pat^k. 
POTATO PATCH, cellar, Snpat^kten. 
WILD POTATO, Skakauaini. 
POUCH, w. in general, Nlag)6ne. 

POULTICE, V. t, les-pt^ra, ptntan. 

POU^N^CE, V. t, Jes-chgutpminem. 

POUND, n. Weight, Sgemt, Sugum^ten. 

POUND, V. /. les-teeiu. 

POUK, V, i, Ist. When expressing only where the liquid \s> pour- 
ing on, Lakoko. See Likora. 

2d. When expressing the pouring out of any vessel, Sigugu. 

3d. The waves are pouring into a boat, NiUkoko ^^u tJi^. 

4tb. The liquid is pouring into a vessel, Nsigugu. See Flow. 

5th. To pour water in any vessel for drinking purposes,, for family 
use, Chines-nmuli. See Muli. 

6th. The issuing, metaphorically, of grains from a sack, etc., Pk6ko. 

7th. The issuing of water, grains, drop by drop, gr^in by grain, 
Chshishin. See Shin. 

POUK, r. f. 1st. When the idea is conveyed of wetting, irrigating 

something, and not of the issuing of the water from any 

place ; to throw water, les-lakom. 

2d. When the idea of the vessel where the liquid issues is con- 
nected ] to throw water, les-sigum. 

3d. To pour in, to serve, as a waiter, butler does, les-nmulem. 

4th. To pour out, as in w. 3d, Chines-kulmuli. 

POUT, V. i. Ist. Ill-humored face, I-chin-spas 

2d. IlPhumoi'^d looking eyes, Chin-sp6ipis. 

3d. Ill-humored heart, Chines-chgut't^lsi, Chines-neh^lsi. 

POWDER, n. Ist. -G-unpowder, Npokomin. 

2d. Other powders, Pokomin. 

POWDER, V. t. 1st. To reduce to fine powder by rubbing, les-pko- 
mim ; by pounding, les-t^cm. 

2S8 PRE 

2d. To scatter the powder on, les-pokominem. See P6ko, Puku. 
POWDER, V, i, ^o be reduced in powders, Es-pkokomi. 
POWER, n. Ist. The being powerful, able, Sioi6t, Siopi6ut. 
2d. As it refers to the object to which the power refers, Niopi^uten. 

He has a great power, " Kut6nt In 8ioi6t8." He has power 

for that, »* EpI niopi6uten." 
3d. The powers, rulers, Ililimigum. 
POWERFUL, a. 1st. in general, Ioi6t, Sisids, fopieut. 
2d. In comp,, S'm — (trom S6me). I am a powerful man, " Chin- 

-s'misk61igu." Powerful chiefs, ** S'mililimigum." Powerful 

woman, " S'migme6m." See Worthy. 
POX, n. Spzpozt, S'chiHzke. 
POX-MARKED, a. Es-gu^gos. 
PRACTICE, V. t. Must be rendered by the continuate mood of the 

corresponding verb. 
PRAIRIE, n. Ist, I-gesdlegu, Pisl6gu, I-shiftlegu. 
2d. To arrive in the prairie out of woods, Chin-p6ptlem. 
3d. To go to the prairie, in the open country, Chin-ch6ushilshi. 
4th. To be in the prairie, Lch6um u chin-lzii. 
5th. Bottom prairie, Kolchenidlegu. 

PRAIRIE-DOG, n. Heuheuemul; socalled from his way of bark- 
ing; Es-heu^mi. 
PRAIRIE-HEN, w. Sk6kolko, Skogoliiu. 
PRAISE, ??. t. 1st. To think much of him, les-kutenelsem, lea-kol- 

kutuntem, les-nshiizinem. 
2d. To speak highly of him, les-sisiiszinem, les-kutunzinem, les- 

3d. To sing his praises, les-nku^shtem. Jes-nkuenzinem. 
PRANK, To cut pranks, Chines-ukaukaszuti, Chines-salkoinen- 

PRAY, V. L Ist. Chines-ch^ui. 

2d. 1 pray for myself to God, Ies-chaunzi\tem lu Kolinzuten. 
PRAYER, n. Ist. The act of praying, S'chau, Szcbau; 
2d. The words or book or place used in praying, Nchaumen. 
PRAYERFUL, a. Chochomuh 
PREACH, V. i. Chines-u^ulshi, Cbines-naukai^tumshi, Chines-zoi^- 

zogHumshi, Chines-zgozgomi. 
PREACH, V. t, 1st. To him, les-naukanem, Ies-zpgzog6m, les-kol- 

kuelstom, les-m^ieshtem. 

PRE 289 

2d. To preach it, about that, Ie8-ehii6ulshem, les-chsn^ukanem, 

les-chskolko^ltem, les-ineiera, Jes-raimiim. 
3d. To preach hiiu about that, les-ehsnaukaiHem, les-chsm^icHem. 
PREACHER, n. Sguu^ulsh, Sgunaukailtumsh, Sgum^iem, Sgu- 
kolkueltem, Zogzogonzuten, Kolkoeltszuten, Mienziiten, Sgu- 
PRECEDE, V, t. Ist. To go before, les-tgiiiem, les-golehitiisem. 

2d. To exceed in rank, Chines-nshiizin tel , Chin-shiit tel 

See Antecessor. 
PRECIOUS, a. Es-nkuten^ksem. 

PRECIPICE, n. Shelsh^lt, Snpapaashin, Es-chsk^us. See Sak. 
PRECIPITATE, V, t. les-tiipim, les-tipmim. 
PRECIPITATE, V. L Chines-tiipemi, Chines-tipemenzuti. 
Precipitate headforennost, Chines-naui^kani, Chinee-nilulegui. 
PRECISELY, adv. I-potu sh6i. 
PRECONCEIVE, v, t, les-kuHpagem. 
PRECURSOR, n. Golshitust^n. 
PREDECESSOR, n. Ist. Sgushiit. See Antecessor. 
2d. The last before this, h\i izen6. See Last, Late. 
PREDESTINATE, v. t les-tnt^lsein. 
PREDICT, h\ t. les-tmeiem. 
PRE-EMINENT, a. Es-nsbiizin. 
PREFECT, w. Chitenzdtcn, Ilimigum. 
PREFER, V. t, 1st. To like better, les-palkomim, les-palkogam6n- 

2d. To choose, Ies-nko6neni, les-nt(jlsem. 
PREGNANCY, n. Ist. The being with child, Siiim. 
2d. The cause of it, Siiimten. 

PREGNANT, a. Chines-iurai, Chines-epsnt6ko, Chines-ntku^lti. 
PREMEDITATE, v. t 1st. Jes-zog6m. 
2d. To act premeditatedly, Icschzgoechsem. See Zog. 
PREMIUM. See Reward. 
PREPARATION, n. Ngazelsten. 
PREPARE, i\ t. 1st. les-gazmim, Ies-tk6lem. 
2d. Prepare oneself, Ohines-gazmenzuti, Chines-tkolemlsti, Chines- 

-kolluiszuti, Chines-ngazelscmisti, Chines-ngaz61si. 
Hd. For a trip, Chines-gazmenzuti. 
4th. Provisions for a trip, Chines-kolst^cheli. 
5th. The table, by setting the dishes, etc., les-zk^m (if only one 

290 PEE 

article is served) ; les-sellim, Chines-ehi^^shellemi (if scTeral). 

I prepare the table for him, les-zkashitem, les-selshitein, les- 

6th. Food cooking, Chines-kolsinzuti. 
7th. For a sermon, a talk, Ohines-ngaz'zini. See Gaz. 
PREPARED, a. Ist. I am prepared, Chines-ngaz^lsi (in the cod- 

tinuate niond). Thou must be always prepared fbr death, 

" Kukaes-ngaz61si laksztlil.'* 
2d. The table is prepared, Es-zak, Es-sil. 
PRESENCE, n. Ist. The being present, Nsheiten. 
2d. The presence of a person, the front part, Smilchem^ls, Skolche- 

3d. What is face to face to persons, Stogt6gt. 
4th. In the presence of God, JiU lsmilchem61sz Kolinz6ten ; we 

could scarcely say, hu Istogtbgts Kolinz6ten, because God Is 

PRESENT, a, 1st., I am present, Chines-nsh^i. See Sh6i. 
2d. The present, now, hu ietelgoA. The present year, letelgoa 

8p6ntich. The present day, letelgo^ sgalgalt. See Now. 
PRESENT, V, t. 1st. To present one, to introduce him, Ie8-n61guni, 

les-nolgusem, les-t^shilshem, les-iikum. 
2d. To present oneself to , Chines-teshilshi, Chines4akoraen- 

zutil , les-lakomenzutem, les-milt^shilshelsem. 

3d. To exhibit to view, les-koenem, ko^n. 

4th. To give as a present, in general, Chines-guizshi. See Gilt, 

PRESERVE, V. t. les-chitim. 
PRESIDENT, n. Ilimigum, Suiapi ilimigum. 
PRESS, V. t, 1st. To make tight, les-zanem. 
2d. To press down with the hands^ les-chilzenmaneeni. 
3d. To squeeze out. See Squeeze. 

4th. To make a persistent pressure, les-pizem, les-siechsteni. 
5th. To crowd, les-chtuum, les-pnim. 
6th. To press on, lean on, Ies-chle6ni. 
7th. To urge, Koimchsteni, les-koilchstem. 
8th. To press in the hands to extract juice, les-iipcm. 
9th. To pinch between the fingers .or pincers, les-zipem. 
10th. To take him by the neck, les-nchelshusem. 
11th. To press him with the feet, les-kalu6tem. 


PEG 291 

PRESUME, V, L let. To be presumptuous, Ghin-ioiospuiis, Ohin- 

2d. To have the presumption to do it, Jes-chioiospuuaem. 
PRETEND. See Feign. 
PREVAIL, V, t Ie8-elk6m. 
PREYAEICATE, v. L Chines-nguzaksi. 
PREYENT, V, t, Ist. A person, les-geenim, les-m^kam. 
2d- A thing, les-chsgeenira. 

PRICE, n, Ist. Must be rendered by saying what is paid for it. 
What is the price ? " Kuinsh u es-n^istem V That is the 
price, ^' Tshe u ezagalskuinsh u es-neistem." 
2d. -Low price, Es-nlkukuimdksem. 
3d- High price, Es-nkaten^ksem. 
4th. Reward, pay, Sgakaka. 
PRICK, V, t. Ist. Tes-iuum, les-ptkum. The former is used for 

sharp tools, thorns ; the second for nails. 
2d. To spur on, les-telk^m. 
PBICKLB. See Prick. 
PRICKLY PEARS, n. Sgui^ne. 
PRIDE, n. The act of pride, Snshiizinmiszfit, Snshiizizut, Sku- 

tiszut, Skegnmiszikt. 
PROBABLE, probability, Grok sh6i, Goa un^. 
PROBE, V. t. le8-ko6nemem. 
PROCEED, V. L Ist. To go on, Chines-tagoldsi. 
2d. To originate from, Chines-k61ili, Chine8-6zkaei, Chines-kua- 

PROCESSION,^. To go in procession, Kaes-tk6oti kaes-shitle- 
menzuti (Jit. We go together in a line.) We go two abreast, 
PROCLAIM, V. t. les-mimiim, les-l-akomim. 
PROCLIVITY, n. See Bend, Inclination. 
PROCRASTINATE, t;. i. Chines-kuHkami. 
PROCRASTINATE, v. t. Ies-kuHk6m. See Tak. 
PROCREATE, v. L Chines-kolsgusigulti. 
PROCURE, v. t. 1st. les-tigum, Ies-k61em. 
2d. For another, Ies-k6lshitem, les-tigushtem. 
PROFANE, V. t. Ie8-melm61chstem. 

PROFESS, V. t. Chines-nmipemisti, Chines^akomiszuti, les-lako- 

292 PRO 

PROFFER. See Offer. 

PROFIT. See Gain, Deserve. 

PROGENY, n. Sogo^p. I have no progeny, " Ta i6p sogofep." 

PROMISE, V, L Chines-zogshishi. 

PROMISE, V, t. Ist. A thing, les-zogshisheni. 

2d. To him, Les-zogshitem. 

PRONE, a. Ist. To be prone, Chines-ehtuiem, Chin-ep a'chgaluten. 

2d. To be lying face downward, Chines-lkuilshi. 

PRONOUNCE, V. t iBt. Ie8-4om. 

2d. To declare, Chines-zuti. 

PROOF, n. Chmiiten, Chsuguten. 

PROP, V. i. les-golzkozinem, les-chiHkenem. This latter is pro- 
perly to lay one's hands upon an object for holding it. 

PROPAGATE, ??. t. Ist. To multiply in number by generation, 

2d. To cause to spread, extend, as a fire, les-milkomim. See Com- 

3d. To scatter the knowledge of, les-miraiim, les-milkomim. 

4th. To procreate, produce, les-kolilem. 

PROPAGATE, V. i, Ist. To increase in number, Chines-goetuilshi. 

2d. To scatter, spread, extend around, Chines-milkokomi, Chin- 
-mellukuku. See Milko. 

PROPENSE, a. Es-chtdiem, Ep s'chguliitem. 

PROPER, a, Gest, 16, Shei, Potu sh6i. 

PROPERTY, n. St6. My property, " l-8t6.'' 

PROPHESY, V. t. 1st. To know the future, Es-tmist6n \u \Ml u 

ezag^il. I prophesy the death of , '^ Es-tmilt6n }u nte- 

liltiis " 

2d. To fortell the future, les-tm^iem }u ish^i u ezag^il. 1 prophesy 
his death, " Jes-tm^iom lu ntoliltiis.*' 

3d. Indian prophecies, les-m^igam. Jf by dreams, Ies-k6isem. 

PROPHET, n. 1st. Indian juggler, Sgum6iga, Sguk^isem. 

2d. Real prophet, Sgutuichem, Sgutmiszut, Sgutmeiem. 

PROPITIATE. See Appease. " 

PROPITIOUS. See Favorable. 

PROPORTION, n. In proportion, Ezag^il. In proportion to your 
sins, you will suffer, " Eztigalsgoeitlu askuil t6ie, t-she mezagdi- 
skutunt lu aksnguzguzeni61s/' (lit. As many as your sins are, 
so many will be your punishments.) Have mercy on mc in 

PUL 293 

proportion to your mercy, " Konkonnemint, ezag^il tasnkon- 
I^HOSTITUTE, V, t. les-tomistem {lit. I trade the person). 
I>IlOSTITUTE, n. Uidigune, Tletleradl, Nzkechin, ChsuBenu6- 

PBOSTEATE, a. Lkailsh, ;>?. Kamin, Kanikamin. 
PBOSTKATE, v. t les-tkom. 
PROTECT, V. t. les-kolk^igum. 
PROTECTOE, n. Kolkeigunzuten. 
PROTESTANT, n. Chep Sui^pi. 

PROUD, a, Ist. Chines-nchshiiziszuti, Chine8-n8hiizineini8ti,Chincs- 
-kutiszuti, Chin-kaguk6gut. See Kag. 

2d. I am proud on account of , les-chkutiszdtem, les-chkegu- 


3d. I speak proud, Chines-kagnzinmisti. 

PROVIDE, V. t. Ist. To think beforehand, les-kuHpag^ni^ les- 

2d. To provide for one, les-chitim, les-^zgam. 
PROVISIONS, n, at home, Ist. Of eatables, Stku^ne, Stkuku6ne. 
2d. Of any other articles, Stakelszut. 
3d. For a trip, St6chel. 
PROVOKING, a, I find him provoking, les-gut'teminem. See 

2d. Provoking talker, Ngut'gutzin. 
3d. In general, Ngutgut'tsnug. 

PKOVOKE, V. t. To anger, les-chzgo^chstem, les-tlsemn^chstem. 
PROW, w. Shitiis. 
PUBES, n. (the hair). Spurn. 
PUBERTY, n. To arrive at the age of puberty, Ist. For males, 

2d. For females, Chines-lgomish. 
PUBLIC, a. Open to view, Uinuingu, ^^kot. 
PUBLISH, V, t, les-raimiim. 
PUKE, V. t. Ies-k61em ks-nozkaezini, les-chelHm. 
PULL, t\ t, 1st. les-zkum. 

2d. To pull out weeds and the like, Ies-lk6m, 0hines4kaulegui. 
3d. To pull out a sword, etc., what has no roots, Ie8-zook6m. 
4th. To pull out of a drawer, les-nkutlim. 

294 PUS * 

5th To pall off clothen}, les-ptlim. 

6th. To pull down, demolish, les-m^um. 

7th. To pull edible roots, Chine8'g6zti. 

8tb. To pull hair ono by one, Chines-ch^gapkein. 

9th. 1 puil his hair, les-ehsgapkdinem. 

10th. I pull the hair of his tail, Ies*ehsga(ip6era. 

PULLET, n. Kaelskuiskus. 

PULLEY, n. Es-silchemi. 

PULPIT, n. Snu6ulshten. 

PULSE, n. Ist. The beating of — , Lmilkkumi^kumuku. 

2d. The pulse, Kakalu. 

PULVEEIZE. See Powder. 

PUMP, n. Sns6ulkuten (lit Place of water). 

PUNCH, n. Lgolgominten. 

PUNISH, V, t. les-lzim, Ies-nguzguzra61sem. 

PUPIL, a. Ist. Orphan, Chitemipile, Saehiite, S'ehit^l. 

2d. Scholar, Smiimeie. 

PUEBLIND, a. I-kois, I-kos^ut \u nilutluusten, Es-kosuaerasten 

\u sk^ligu. 
PUBCHASE, V, t les-ne^isem, les-tigum; Ie8-ko6iem. 
PUKE, a. I-ssish, I-chmiish, l-gest, I. 
PUEGE, V. t 1st. To cleanse, los-gukum. 
2d. To phyeac. See Physic. 
PUEGATOEY, n. Chlkukuimuse esulip. 
PUEITY, n, Lu sgukuspuus. 
PUEPLE, n. I-kuillgu. 

PUEPOSB, V, L Chines-nt^lei, Ohin-uis-ntels. 
PUEPOSELY, adv. Szchz6go. See Zog. 
PUESE, n. in general, Tl^kane. For money, Snololira. 
PUESUE, V. t. 1st. les-ngWem, les-nshiustem, les-chtk^m. 
2d. To seek, les-tltuluusein. See Follow, Imitate. 
PUS, n. Mzolt. 

PUSH, V. t. 1st. in general, les-kiipem. 
2d. With the top of a stick, etc., les-techim. 
3d. Morally, les-kupem, les-naukanem. 
4th. To evil, les-chiam. 
5th. See Press, Force, Besiege, Strike. 
6th. With the horns, 
PUSILLANIMOUS, a. Lkukuimspuus. 

PUT 295 

PUSTULE, n. S'chU6zke. 

PUT, V. t, Ist. in general, les-tkom ; of several objects, lee'kami- 

2d. Of wood, les-chzim ; of several pieces, les-pnim. See Pin. 
3d. Of round objects, stones, grain, flour, potatoes, Ies-che6m ; of 

several, les-pkbm. See P6ko. 
4th. Of plants, poles set in the ground, or upright, les-shitlm; of 

several, les-zlim. 
5th. On the bottom, to set, v,g^ dishes, kettles, les-zk^m ; of several, 

6th. Any solid, straight object in any place {v g. To put a pen in 
the inkstand, a sword in the scabbard), les-nzdkom. See ZAko. 
7th. Any liquids. See Pour. 
8th. The hand on, [es-tk^m. See Tkami. 
9th. The fingers in, les-lo6m (see Loo) j les-nlodchstem, les-nlu- 

10th. To stick, as with an effort, les-kaem. 
11th. Hay, clothes, soft things, les-tk^m. See Tak. 
12th. To put away, (a) To expel, les-raeeminem, les-goelem, 
Ies-6zkaem. (6) To divorce, les-gokop^usem, Ies-talp6usem, 
13th. To put back, (a) To restore to the original place, rendered 
by prefixing " e\ " to the respective verbs, v,y. 1 put back my 
sword, *' Iele8-nz6kom lu in-spusten." I put back that kettle, 
" El-zkanten l^u Ichep.'' I put it back at the fire, " El-nzkau- 
sen." (b) To delay, les-koltkem. (e) To pull back, les-enu- 
14th. To put down, {a) See Deposit, (b) To lay a wager, les- 
-tkom. (c) To lay down as a present. See Gift, (d) To de- 
grade, Ies-6zkaeni, les-tkom, les-ishilshilshem. See Ishut. 
it) To extinguish, les4epsem. (/) In general, les-tkora, les- 
-chzim, as above, {g) To lay to one's account, les-tkaishitem, 
les-tkailtem. See Kai, 
15th. To put forth, (a) To extend the hands, feet, les-gualim, 
Chines-gualchsti. See Gual. (c) To put forth leaves, branches, 
Es-kualechstem. See Kuaal. (c) To cause to come out(i;.^. The 
tongue), les-tlechcm. {d) To show, les-ko^nem. (e) To pro- 
pose, les-aum, Ies-z{inem. 
16th. To put in. (a) Ie8-ntk6m. (b) In a dish, as fruits, etc., les- 

296 PUT 

-ueseh^nem. (c) Grains, round objects, les-npkura ; of one 

object, Ies-nche6m. {d) To plant, les-nshitim. (e) To stick, 

les-nz^koin. (/) In a hole, le8-nlo6m. (g) To insert, Jes- 

-nka^m. (A) To put the hand in, les-nlu^chstem. (i) In the 

water, Chine8-nlochi.st6tikui. (j) In the fire, Ohines-nlochis- 


I7th. To put in the fire, Ies-ntk6sem^ les-nlodsem. 

18th. To put in the water, Ies-ntku6tikum, IeS'Io6tikuin, les-nchee- 
tikum, Ie8-npko6tikuni. 

19th. To put off. (a) A garment, les-ptlim. (6) To delay, les- 
-koltk^m. (c) To get rid, les-gak^m. 

20th. To put on, upon, (a) To take any clothes upon, for dressing 

purposes, les-lgupim. wSee Jiigup. (b) Simply to put on any 

garment, or anything else, across the arm, on the head, etc., 

Ies4kom. (c) One's hat, Chines-kodzkani. (d) A shirt, Chi- 

nes-naztk^iti. (e) Shoes, Chines-kakaeshiumi. (/) Leggings, 

pants, Chines-g^tHshini. (jg) Necktie, Chines-kal^psi. (h) 

Gloves, Chine8-sp66hsti. (i) A blanket, Chines-sizi. (j) On 

any place, use the original verb prefixed with ch ; Ies-chtk6m, 

les-chche^m, les-chchizim, les-chshitira. (k) On horseback, 

les-chtku^usem. {I) On the water. See Float, (m) On the 

fire, hanging, les-nshalusem ; laying, les-ntkusem, les-nkara- 

niisem, les-nzkausem. (n) To put wood on the fire, Chines- 

-chkamini ; one piece, les-chehizusem 5 several pieces, les- 


2lst. To put on high, rendered by inserting the verb between ch— 
dusem. See' On, Ch. 

22d. To put on the air of See Feign, Play. 

23d. To put on another the blame, Kae8-chguzshtu6gui. 

24th. To put out. (a) To expel, Ie8-6zkaem, les-zkamenchinelgum. 
(b) See Put forth, (c) To disconcert, les-ps^ohstem, les-lem- 
shtem. (d) I am considerably put out, Chin-iem'm, Chin-psap. 
(e) To put out the hand, Chines-gualchsti. (/) To put out the 
hand from the window, etc., to , les-koluachscm. 

25th. To put over, rendered by Chil, prefixed to the respective 

verbs ; les-chiHkom, les-chil-chizim, les-chilche^m, les-chi^- 

pkum, les-chilzkem, les-chilselim. See Chil, Over. 

26th. (a) To put to, together, les-tgum, les-chtgum, les-ntgum, 
Ies-ntgu6usem. (b) To put one's hand to, to catch, les chinini, 

QUI 297 

27th. To put up. (a) Injuries, etc., les-iominom, les-niuilsem. See 
lo, (b) To lay up provisions, store away, ChineB-kolstku^nei. 
(c) See Incite, les-nchitechmistem. 8ee Chiit. 

PUTEEFY, V, i, 1st. Of flesh, Chines-nkami, ndka. 

2d. Of wood, Es-tkumi. 

PTJTfllD, a, I-naka, I-tuk. 

PUTTY, w. T^lemen. 

PUZZLE, v,,t, les-iaazinem. 

PUZZLED, a, Chines-i^mmi. 

PUZZLING, a. I6miemt, Selsilt. 

PYX, pyxis, n. Snkamintis ^-u snkaezin. 


QUADRANGLE, n. Muslko. 

QUADRUPED, w. Guigueidi^, Chmusshin. 

QUAIL, V, I, 1st. To cower down. Chines-kolagalemisti. 

2d. To lose spirit, Chin-topspuus. 

QUAIL, n. See Partridge. 

QUAKE, y. i. Cliines-gualprai, Chines-iat'ti. 

QUAKING, a. 1-chin-gualii, Itiat't. 

QUARREL, V. t. Ist. To dispute angrily, les-cheszinem, Kaes- 

-cheseraenzuti, Kaes-kolkolstu6gui. 
2d. To find fault with, Chines-chilikoni. 
QUARTER, n, Ist. Lodging, Zitgu, Snlziiten. 
2d. Twenty-five cents, Ku^ter. 
QUASH, V. f, Ies-16zira. 
QUEEN, n. llimigum, Emt6p. 
QUENCH, V. t. res-%)sem. 
QUESTION, V. t. Ist. les-susfeum. See Sfeum. 
2d. See Doubt. 

QUICK, a, 1st. Alive, Gulguilt. 
2d. Lively in running, KoilkoH, Tlagt. 
3d. In working, Koimkorat, Guagu^at. 

298 KAC 

4th. Not slow, Tlagt. 

5th. Quick with child, Es-iiiini. 

6th. I speak quick, Chines-koimzini. See Koim. 

7th. I eat quick, Ohines-komm^ksi. 

8th. I work quick, Chines-koimchsti. 

QUICK, adv. Ist. Not slowly, Tlagt. 

2d. Without delay, I-gootl^. 

3d. To do quick, Chines-goetl^ehsti. 

4th. To go quick, Chines-u^mi. 

5th. To speak quick, Chinen-ntlagzini. 

QUICKEN, V. t. Ist. To give life, les gulguiltem, gulguilt'sten. 

2d. To accelerate, les-u^mistem, les-goetl^chsem. 

QUIET, a, I-tlil, i-k6im. 

QUIET, V, t, Ies-tl61em, les-kampim, les-talpim. 

QUILL, n. Skapuscl. 

QUIT, V. t, Ist. See Forgive. 

2d. To give up, relinquish, les-hdieni. 

3d. To quit a place, Chines-imshi, Chin-komeponi. 

QUIT, a. Chin-h6i, Chin-paag. 

QUIVEK, n. Snkolt61isten, Sntapmin. 

QUIVEE, V. i. With cold, Chines-chiliguinusi, ( 'hines-ohszleini. 



RABBIT, n, Uiuselsh'chin. 

RABID, a. Es-aimt, I-kuils. 

RACE, n. Ist. The competition, S'choznuegu. 

2d. Horse race, Skok6tl:e8h. 

RACE, V, L Ist. Kae8-chgoznu6gui. 

2d. To race horses, Chines-kok6t}e6hi, Chines-koikotlesh. 

3d. Trot race, Es-zilshilshi, Es-koikotleshi. 

4th. Foot race, Es-tkotulegu, Es-koikotleshi. 

RACE-HORSE, n, Koilkolt, Tlagtsk^gac. 

RACK, V. t. To torment, les-iikus^Uichem. 

RAI 299 

RACK, n. Hay-rack, SiiichiHaktakaminten. 

RADIATE, r. i. Ist. To issue from a center, Bs-tigam. 

2d. To erait light, ChpakMze. 

RADIANT, a, I-chpak6ize, Tigam \u spa^ka, as proceeding all 

from a center. 
RADISH, n. Milmilko. 

RAFT, n. Ist. Wooden raft, Slch^ul. See Elch. 
2d. Skin raft, made of a skin lodge, S'chilchdtiku. See Chee, be- 
cause it is round and floating on water. 
3d. To make a wooden raft, Chines-lch^uli. 
4th. To make a skin raft, Chines-chileh^tikui. 
5th. To raft down stream, les-ndgotem. 
6th. To raft up stream, les-nziilshem. 
RAFTER, r. L A roof, Chines-zal'lgui. See Zil. 

RAFTER, n. Es-z^l'lgu, Es-zelmi 1 zitgu. 

RAG, n. Chkonkonize. 

RAGED, a. I-chin-kuils, Chines-nkudlsi. 

RAIL, n. Kol-ogominten, Chogoiz6ten. See Fence. 

RAILROAD, n. Solshi shushu6L 

RAIN, V. I. 1st. Es-tip6isi. 

2d. Heavy rain, Es-goe6isi. 

3d. Light rain, Es-lu6isi. See Tip. It rained fire, ** Tip^is sol- 

RAIN, n. Stip^is, Sgoeeis, Slu6is. 

RAINBOW, n. Zkomiuzchin. 

RAISE, t\ t. 1st. Fropi a lower to a higher position, to lift, les- 
kolgoe^m. Sec Goe^m. 

2d. To raise to a perpendicular position, les-shitemim, les-shitim. 

3d. To make rise, les-t^shilshem, les-gutilshem. 

4th. To promote to an office, les t^shilshem, les-kollrilimigum. 

5th. To raise the voice, Chines-aitzini, Chines-ntlagzini. 

6th. To raise the courage, les-koilzinera, les-koimzinem, les-nau- 

7th. To i*aise the dead from the grave, les-eltelsk^ligum, Xel^es-gul- 

8th To raise out of sleep. See Awake. 

9th. To raise a house, Chines-koUgui. 

10th. To raise money, etc., Chin-tigu^ululira. 

llth. To raise wheat or the like, Chine8-k6lkai. See Grow. 

300 RAK 

12th. To raise the dough, aa yeast does, Efl-p6uma. 

13th. To raise a lid, ies-iheogkura, les-chehekuui, les-cbagkak^inL 

RAKE, n. Ist. Horse hay-rake, Ushul^uten. 

2d. Common hand rake, laaminten. 

RAKE, V. t. Ist. Chines-ushul^gui. 

2d. To rake hay by hand, Chines-iaiarai. 

RAM, n. liumne. 

RAMROD, n. Ngoikomen. 

RANIOR, n. Saaime, S'cbgut'tels. 

RANDOM, I do, speak at random. Tain iszkulp^g, Ta ies-kttlpa- 

g^m, I-tenemus. 
RANGE, V, t, les-shiilim, les-shitlemim. 
RANK, n, 1st. Front rank, Gs-Bhileixienz4ti. 
2d. One after another, turning the bead to the back of the aext, 

RANK, V. t. To place in order. See Range. 
RANSOM, V. t. 1st. To ransom a person, Ies-koltk<5m. 1 ransom 

his person, " les-koltkoHem.^' 
2d. 1 ransom with that pay, I pay a ransom, les-koltkoDainem, 

koltkominemen. J. C. paid a ransom with his blood, gave 

his blood, "J. K. koltkominemis lu singul.'* 
3d. I ransom him with that, les-chskoltkomiHem. You gave your 

blood for my ransom, " Ko-chskoltkomihgu lu asngul." 
4th. I ransom him from that person, I pay him the ransom of that 

person, les-koltkoH^m. I pay thee my daughter, I pay you 

the ransom for my daughter, I ransom my daughter from you, 

" Koltkolzin \n istomch^lt.'' See Redeem. 
5th. I ransom myself, Chines-koltkonzuti. 
6th. 1 ransom myself in advance, Chincs-tkoltkonzuti. 
7th. 1 ransom him in advance, Ies-tkoltk6m. 
8th. I succeed in ransoming him, les-koltkokondnem. 
RANSOM, n. 1st. As paid by a person, Koltkomin, Koltkominten. 
2d. As said by the ransomed, Koltkonzuten. The blood of J. C. 

is my ransom, " J. K. singuls l-u jnkoltkonzuteii.'' My blood 

is the ransom I give for thy ransom, '* I singul lu inkoltko- 

min akli^oltkonzuten." 
RANSOMED, a. E8-kolt6ko. 

RANSOMED, Ist. part, pres. p]8-koltk6ra ; part, past, Koltkont^ra. 
2d. Ransomed by me, l8z-kolt6ko. 

RAT aoi 

3d. It got ransomed^ Koltk6ko. 

4th. It cannot be ransomed, Ttt» koltkokciiteni. 

5th. I can ransom him, les-koltkomdtem, koltkom6temsten. 

RANSOMER, n. Koltkonziiton. 

RAP, V. t, Ist. With the fist, les-zuCira. 

2d. To rap with the hand flat^ Ies-tk6m, 

3d. To rap at the door with the fist, Chines-kolinzuzn^pi, 

4th. To rap at the door with the hand, Chines-koHntku6pi. 

RAPACIOUS, n. Nako^men. 

RAPE, n. A root, Milmilko. 

RAPE, V. t. To commit a rape, les-choinz^item ; properly, ies-kol- 

go^riem, les-n^kom. 
RAPID, a. Tlagt. 
RAPIDS, n. Stlagetiku. 
RARE, a. Ist. Thinly scattered, laiaat. 
2d. ]N'ot frequent, iiuet ; its opposite is Goeit, Plenty. 
3d. From lime to time, some few, Te6; its opposite is P^htich, 

4th. Rare timber, clear forest, I-Dgas^lko ; its opposite is i-nzan. 

Thick forest. 
5th. Rare cloth, of loose texture, I-sisem ; its opposite is I-tal, 

6tlfc. Unusually excellent, Es-nshiizin. 
7th. Rare beef, not much done, Tam mil pi^k. 
RASCAL, a. 1st. Iko6u, Ko^ukot. 
2d. Tricky, Ntaktakzin. 
RASH, a. 1st. Quick, Tldgt. 
2d. Daring, Kntispu6s. 
3d. Inconsiderate, Tlagt, Tas kuipag^m. 
RASP, n. Goakomen, L luku. 
RASP, V. t. les-go^kom. 
RASPBERRY, n. 1st. Llaz. 
2d. The shrub, Llakalze, Teldkelze. 
EAT, n. S16ut. 
RATHER, adv. Ist. Better so than otherwise, Ku pen gest. I wish 

rather, Chines-nt61si. 
2d. Perhaps, Goa. 

RATTLE-SNAKE, n. 1st. Geiilegu. 
2(1. Its rattle, 2i^ssemen. 

802 BEA 

3d. Coiled, Es-niAlko. 

RATTLE, V. t. Of the snake, I-«68, BB-z688i. 

RAVAGE, V, t les-kolgo^riem. 

RAVEL. See Unravel. 

RAVEN, n. Meldkalke. 

RAVINE, n. Es-tloko, Toko^ilegu. 

RAVISH, r. t Te8-n6kom. 

RAW. a, let. Unripe, uncooked, E8-g6iu. 

2d. Not done, Tas pidk. ' t 

RAY, n. Ist. One of the common lines proceeding from a center, 

2d. Having rays, Es-tigam. 
RAZOR, n. Gamzusten, Amugtisenzuten. T shave, " Chines-ama- 

gusenzuti, les-amgura,*' (I scrape away). 
RE, as a prefix to verbs, E\, To return, " E*-gui." 
REACH, V, t Ist. To extend. Sec Stretch. 
2d. To deliver by stretching forth the hand, les-zkun^ni. Reach 

me your knife, " Zku6nt anninchemen." 
8d. To obtain by stretching forth the hand, les-kunem. Lest he 

should reach the fruit, " G6il ku^is \u spiikilk." 
4th. To arrive to an object with a cane, etc., les-chchizinem. Thy 

letter reached me, " Ko-zchizis tankaimin.'' 
5th. To succeed in. See Succeed, Ies-konn6nem. I reach it, take 

it with the hands, 
6th. To reach the goal, Chines-gutpmi. 
REACH, V, L 1st. To arrive as far as, Chines-kolchiz'shi, Chines- 

2d. Not to reach, to tall short of, Chines-kultuin. See Tuin. 
READ, V, t, les azgam kaimin, Ies-4um. 
READY, a. '1st. To be prepared, Chine8-ngaz61si. 
2d. Already made, as : The shirt is ready, the dinner is ready on 

the table, Tie, i. e. It is already made. 
3d. Disposed, not reluctant, Chin-uisnt^ls. 
4th. Not slow. See Quick. 

5th. On the point of, Gciln^u, Tie ks He was ready to cry, 

" Geiln^u zkoatko. Tie kszko^koi." 
6th. To make ready. See Prepare. 
REAFFIRM, v. L Chineles-zdti. 
REAL, a. Actually existing, not fictitious, On^gu, I-mii. 

HBB 303 

RBAIjIZE, v. t. Ist. To make real, to bring actually into existence, 

Ic8-k6lein, les-kolndnem. 

2d. To acquire an adequate idea of, les-chs&gani, les-chchiitemi- 

neni, les-mipenunein, IcB-iminem, imisten. 

3d. To gain actually, les-tigum, les-uichem. 

REAIjLY, adv. On6gu, Imii, Itemi. 

KliANIMATE, V. t leles-gulguihom, leles-k^iltem. 

REAP, r. t, Ist. To cut the harvest, Chines-goizl^gui. 

2d. To gather, gain, acquire. See Gain. 

REAPER, n. 1st. Machine, Goizl^guten. 

2d. A man reaping, Sguguizl^gum. 

REAPPEAR, V. i, Chineles-la^ko, (yhineles4akomenzuti, Chineles- 


REAR, n. 1st. Of a house, Chemp61egu (from Chemdp, Chem.) 

2d. Of a person, back, behind, L'snchemichen, but mostly with the 

particle ep affixed to the verb. See Behind. 

REAR, v. f. les-pogtilshem, pogtilshten. 

REASON, w. 1st. The faculty of reasoning, Nkulpagaminten, Nsu- 

# gun^ten, Spagp^gt. 

2d. Motive, the reason why, iiU gol. This is the reason I suffer, 

" Jju golsh^i u chin-nguzguzm^ls." But better rendered by 

prefixing ch to the verb, or to the nouns derived from the 

verb. You are the reason why I suffer, " Ku ies-chnguzguz- 

m^lsem." I suffer on your account, " Anui lu ku inchguzguz- 

m^lsten.*' See Account, For. The reason of my perdition, 

'* In-cho6sten." The reason of my joy, " In-chnpi61sten." 

The reason of my destruction, ** In-ch6iten." The reason of 

my going, " In-chgditen." 

REASON, V, i. 1st. Chines-kulpagami. 

2d. To debate, Chines-kolko6lti, Kaes-kamkamilshi. 

REASONABLE, a. 1st. That can reason, Kulpagamutem. 

2d. Governed by reason, Kulpapagamdl, Chines-kulpagamiiti. 

REASSEMBLE, v. t. leles-iamim. 

REASSURE, V, t. leles-tlpim, leles-tl^lem. 

REBEL, revolt, t?. «. Chines-ehsuichk^ini. I rebel against him, 
les-chsuichkanem. He rebelled against me, " Ko-chsuich- 
k^is. He rebelled against us, " Kae-chsuichk^iHIs." See Ui- 

REBEL, a. Chin-chsuichkanalka. 

a04 BEC 

REBOUND, V. i. Ist. As a ball, EB4npmA, ei^n^p. 

2d. It rebounded towards this place, ZelnAp. 

3d. It rebounded towards me, Ko-chi^npm^is. 

4th. It rebounds towards that, Es-chlnpra^nein, ch^npm^n. See 

REBUKE, I?, t, 1st. To reproach, les-chilikonem. See Lecture. 
2d. To scold, les-lemiomlshem. 
3d To impose silence, les-tlpim. 

RECALCITRATE, v. u Cbines-telkami, Chines-telkaluisi. 
RECALL, V. t, 1st. To call back, lel^es-galitem. 
2d, To take back. See Recant. 
3d. To annuls lel^es-m^um. 
4th. To call to mind, les-nlkokominem. 
RECANT, V. t, lej^es-tam, eHamen. 
RECANT, V, L Ei-tam. 

RECEDE, V, L Chines-enu^upi, Chines-tl^kui. 
RECEIVE, V, t, Ist. To accept what is offered, not to reftise, les- 

. -tkunem. 
2d. To take, les-kun6m. 

3d. To take into the mind by assent, les-kun^m. 
4th. To give admittance to one, Ies-n6lgum. I 

5th. To embrace religion, etc., Ies-kun6m \ii nchiumen. 
6th. To have capacity for holding. See Hold. 
RECEIVER, n. Sgukun^m, Kunenzdten. 
RECENT, n. Siz. 
RECENTLY, adv, I-siz, Zen6. 

RECIPROCAL, a. See Grammar, and nearly all the verbs. 
RECITE, V, t. les-^um, lel-es-^um, les-au^um. 
RECKLESS, a, Tas-kulpagami, Ta epspuds. 
RECKON. See Number, Think. 

RECLAIM, V, t. A person, les-pelchdsem, pelehdsteu. 
RECLINE, V. i. 1st. To lay one's head on, Chines-chil^ak^ini, les- 

-chil^ak6inem. He reclined his head on Jesus Christ, " Chihi- 

k^inemis lu Jesus Kli." See Chileem. 
2d. To recline on a pillow, Chines-nche^nei. 
3d. To recline on a couch, Chines-nlemi. 
4th. To recline on one's hand, Chines-nzkunakanzuti. 
RECOGNIZE, V, t. Ist. To know again, leVes-sdgum. 
2d. To avow knowledge of, les-nmipemistem. 

EEC 305 

3d. To admit with a formal knowledge, les-kun^m, les-chsgum^- 

RKCOIL, V. i, Chine8-enu6upi f if by surprise, Chinos-kussus. 
RECOLLECT. See Remember. 1 do not recollect, '' Ta e^es- 

BECOMMENI), v, t. Ist. To commend. See Commend. 
2d. To give in charge, les-chitdlem. 
RECOMPENSE, v, t See Pay, Reward. 

RECOMPENSE, n. 1st. As given, Gakaltumshten, Nkolisdsten. 
2d. As taken, Zsg^kaka. 
RECONCILE, V, t. Ist. les-ihemtu^gum, ihemtu6gun, les-geenim. 

2d. To be reconciled with another, Chines-ihemtu^gui 1 , les- 

3d. To adjust, les-tgomim. 

-tth. To be reconciled with one's lot, Chines-niualsi. 

5th. To be reconciled with one, to be on good terms, Ies-ih6m. 

N.B. — Practically this word is used both for reconciliation of 

national hostilities and of private feuds ; yet the wiseacres 

want it applied only to national enmities. See Peace. 

RECONCILIATION, n. 1st. The act of being reconciled, Sihem- 

2d. The act of reconciling, Sihemtu^guten. 
RECONSIDER, v. t. leles-ko^nem, IeVes-chkonm6pilem. 
RECORD, V, t, les-kaim, les-tkaim. 
RECOUNT, V, f. les-mimiim. 
RECOURSE, n. To have recourse to a person, les-chtelkominem, 

Chines-chitechmi 1 , les-nchitechmistem. I have recourse 

to thee, " Nchitechmistemenzin, Chit^lemenzin, Chtelkomine- 
menzin, Chines-chitechmi lanui." 
RECOVER, V. t. 1st. To obtain again what was lost, leles-uichem. 
2d. To win back what was lost in gambling, or otherwise, lefes- 

3d. To make up for, leles-nkolisusem. 
4th. To restore from sickness, leles-paag6m. 
5th. To recover one's health, Chinefcs-paagami, Chinel-gest, 

Chinelr-gestuilsh, Chinel-meel. See Me61, P^ag. 
6th. To reform oneself, Chinelres-tgomenzuti, Chineles-gestuilshi, 

Chine^:es-pelchiisi. See Reclaim. 
RECREATION, n, Es-kamkamilshi, Es-memeszdti. 

306 RED 

RECRIMINATE, v, t, let. To accuse in return, Ieles-tnini6peni, 

2d. To throw on him the fault charged to me, les-chsguizHem. 

3d. Recriminate reciprocally, Kaes-chsguzshtu^gui. See Guizsh. 

RECTANGLE, n. Muslko. 

RECTIFY, r. t. les-tgomim. 


RECTITUDE, n. Stog. 

RECTOR, n. llimigum. 

RED, a. Ist. 1-kuil. 

2d. Blood red, 1-tlum. 

3d. Red hot, Iziiku, Es-tiiku. 

RED, n. Red-skin, Indian, I-chkuilze, I-kuilsk^ligu ; pL The reds, 
I-chkulkuilze, I-kulkuilsk^ligu. 

REDDEN, V, L Ist. Chines-kuiriemi, kuin. 

2d. Redden in the face, Chines-kuiFlshi. 

3d. Redden by rage, Chines-kuils'shizti. 

REDEEM, V. t. Ist. To buy back, lefes-neeisem. 

2d. To redeem from captivity, death, Ies-koltk6m. See Ransom, 

3d. To rescue, lel^es-gulguiltem. 

4th. To give satisfaction, les-nkolisusem. 

5th. Theologically : To redeem mankind. (1) Jesu Kli kaet-n^iiils, 
inasmuch as he bought us back. (2) Kae-koltkolulils, inas- 
much as he redeemed us from the slavery of hell and sin. (3) 
Kael-gulguiltlils, inasmuch as he saved us. (4) Kae-nkolisu- 
shlils, by giving satisfaction in our place. (5) Kac-telilshiHIs, 
inasmuch as he died for us. (6) Kae-nzkilHIs (zkum), because 
he snatched us from the fire. (7) Kae-kul^ku-tlulils, by taking 
us from under the fire (kuitl6m). (8) To redeem oneself, 
Chines-gakanzdti, Chines-koltkonziiti, Chines-nkolisus. 

REDEEMABLE, a. Koltkokoutem. * 

REDEEMER, n. 1st. As he delivered us from slavery, Koltkon- 

2d. As he saved us, Gulguilt*szuten, Ngulguilten. 

3d. As it is through him that we receive all good, Nchehemten. 

RED HAND (with blood), Tlumchst, Epstlum6ehst. 

RED HAIR, I-chkuilkan. 

REDOLENT, a. I-pdg. 

KEF 307 

T^EDOUND, v, i. 1st. Waves recoiling on themselves, Elehi^:-i^ko- 
koku, lit. Water pouring back on the water. See L6ko, Echo. 
2d. See Over and Above, Go^zt. 
8d. To turn, Es-kolil. It redounded to my good, " K611I tikl- 

KEDEESS, V. f. leles-tgomim. 

REDUOE, diminish, v. t. Te8-t6mem. See Top, Diminish. 
REED, n. Ist. Plant, Pusten, Gauisten. 
2d. For organs, Chlgo^lko. 
REEL, V. L Chines-pelpili. 
RE-ENTER, v. L Chineles-notgui. 
REFECTORY, n. SniHnten. 
REFLECT, x\ L 1st. See Echo, Rebound. 
2d. To reflect light, I-galiip, galdp. See Gal, Galup. 
REFLECT, V. t, 1st. To consider what to do, Chines-kulpagami. 
2d. To consider something past, or not what one is to do, Chines- 

-pusemini, Chines-nlkolkol-sinzuti. 
3d. To reflect at, Ics-kul^pag6m, les-puseminem. 
REFORM, V. f. Ist. To re-make, leles-k^lem. 
2d. To reform anybody's life, lel'es-pelchusem. 
REFORM, V, ?'. Chinel'es-gestilshi, Chinel^es-tgomenztiti, Chineles- 

REFRACTORY, a. Aizazt. 
REFRAIN, v. t. To hold in check by the bit, les-ntenmusem, les- 

REFRAIN, V. I, Chines-tdmi, chin-tam, Chines-geenzuti. 
REFRESH, V. t. les-ze^l-em, les-nzel^lsem, nzel^^lsten, les-nmee- 

l^lsem. See Meei, Cool. 
REFUGE, n. 1st. A person whom to call upon, Snchitelemisten, 

Snchitechemisten . 
2d. A place of safety, Gumkandlegu. 
REFUGEE, n. Es-chitelemiat, Szchit61. 
REFULGENT. See Bright. 

REFUND, V. t. To return money, les-nkolisusem. 
REFUSE, r. t. 1st. To deny a request, les t^mem, Chines-zdti la, 

2d. To decline to do, les-galgalemistem. 
3d. To decline to grant, les-iekomiiiem. 
4th. To decline to accept, les-t^mem, Ta is-kun6m. 

808 KEJ 

6th. To decline to look, les-m^nzem. 

6tb. To decline to speak, les-ntamzanom. 

7th. To refuse the conjugal duty, les-iekomiHem lu iskellich, les- 

8th. To refuse a man for husband, les-chemch^m. 

REFUSE, V. I. Chines-tdmi, Chines-galgalemisti, Chines-iekomini, 

REFUSE, n. 1st. Sgo6lemen. 

2d. Refuse of food, Sgoliks. 

3d. Refuse of clothes, Sgoldlks 

4th. Refuse of blanket, Sgoiize. 

5th. To pick up the refusals, les-chemcheminem. 

REFUTE (a charge), Chines4enemti. 

REGARD^ V. t, les-azgara, les-chka^lsem. 

REGENERATE, v. /. TeJes-kolilem. 

REGENERATE, a. E|.k61il. 

REGENERATION, n. EKk61ilten, El-chkolilten. 

REGENT, n, 1st. Rector, Ilimigum. 

2d. Substitute, viceregent, Es-kolilimiguni. 

REGION, n. St61igu. 

REGISTER, V. t les-kaim, les-tkaim. 

REGRET, V, t, 1st. To be sorry or repent, les-pupns^nchem, pupa- 
s^nchemen, les-chpupusenchem. 

2d. Not to be willing to lose, to give, Ies-k6igtem. 

3d. To lament the loss of an object, person, lelres-k^igtem. I regret 
my sins, T hate them, ** Ies-chpupus6nchem." I regret my 
sins, my stealing, I do not like to give it up, *• les-keigtem h 
teie iszku^n, lu iszndko.'* I regret my sins, I am sorry that 
1 have quitted sinning, I wish back my sins, " leics-k^igtem 
k\x teie iszku6n.'' 

4th. To be sorry for the absence of a person or object loved, les- 

REGRET, n. Sorrow, Spupus^neh, S'chop^ls, Snigup^ls. 

REGULAR, a, I-tog. 

REGULATE, v, t, les-tgomim, les-tgomusem. 

REIGN, V. L See Chief. 

REIN, V. t, les-ntgomusem, lit. To direct the face. 

REJECT, V. t, 1st. To throw away, les-go61em. 

2d. To refuse to receive, les-tamem. 

REL 809 

3d. To refuse to grant. See Refuse. 

REJOICE, V. i. Ist. To be content, glad^ Chines-l^rati. 

2d. To be happy, Chines-npielsi. See Pii. 

3d. To be quiet, at peace, Chines-nkeimelsi. See Kam. 

4tb. To like an object or person by frequent use of, or intercourse 

with, Chines-nkoem^lsi. See Ko6m. 
REJOIOE, V, t, les-npi^lsem, npi^lsten, les-npi^ishtera, Ies-npi6ch- 

stem, les-lomm^chstem, Ies-16mzinem. 
REJOICING, w. Ist. Act, Snpi^ls, Slemt. 
2d. Causing joy, Npi^lsten. 
REJOICING, a. Causing joy, Pipiit. 
REJOINDER. See Answer. 
RE-JOINT, V, t Mes-ntps^lisem. 
RE-KINDLE, v. t leles-olusem. 
RE-IjAND, V, t. lefes-nt^shilshem. 
RELAPSE, V, i, 1st. To fall backward, Chines-zkakalilshi, Chines- 

2d. To fall into the same bad state, Chine^:e8-ag6ili, Chineles-tko- 

RELATE, V. t, les-rairaiim, les-m^iem. 
RELATION, relative, w. 1st. Stm61is, Snkusigu. See Stem. 
2d. Near relation, Stmalt'sh^lgu. 
3d. I make myself relative to him, I take him for my relative, les- 

RELAX, V, t. les-h^um. 

RELEASE, V. t. To let loose, free, lel^es-talim. 
RELENT, V. L Chines-sheptuilshi. 
RELIABLE, a. M'selshdtem. See Muselsh. 
RELICT, n. Es-lu61emt. 

RELIEVE, V, t 1st. To alleviate, les-meHm, Ies-h6um. 
2d. To give ease, comfort, le^-nlem^lsem. 
3d. To help, les-puushitem. See Help. 
4th. To take the place of another, les-nlkalsh^lpem, Ies-nemt6l- 

5th. To remove from a place or station by substituting another, 

Ies-h6iem, les-6zkaem. 
RELIGION, w. Nchaumen. 
RELIGIOUS, a, Chochomdl. 
RELINQUISH, v. t IeB.h6iem. 

310 REN 

RELISH, r. f. Ist. To taste, smell, eat with pleasure, les-chges^k 
sem, les ohkouininaksem. 

2d. In general, fes-gestminem, les-chz'hem. See Zehem. 

RELUCTANT, a. To be reluctant, I-sz-ch^m, Tam ispuus. 

REMAIN, r. t, Ist. To stay here, not to go away, Chines-el^i. 8© 

2d. To reside, Chines-emuti, Chines-lzii. 

8d. To be left after others have passed, or died, etc.; Che-t-. Only 
one remains, " Che-t-nk6." I remained all alone of mine, " I* 
-ehin-chiHnaks." There remain three weeks before Christ- 
mas, " Che-t-che^^s s'chaz^us, m-tapsk6ligu." 

4th. To continue in the same, rendered by the continuate mood, 
as : Remain awake, " Es-kMltui." Remain silent, " Es-ch6pui." 

REMAINDER, n. Che. The remainder of the money, " iiU che 
ululim." The remainder of your debt, " hu che angulguilt." 

REMAND, V. t. le^es-kulstem. 

REMEDY, n. Mali6msten. 

REMEMBER, r. t. 1st. Not to forget, Eles-mi8t6n, les-nlkokomi- 

2d. After having forgotten, Ics-nlkolkoteminem. 

8d. To think of, les-puseminem. 

REMIND, V. t. les-nlkokomim. 

REMISS, rt. Shept, Gopt. 

REMIT. See Pardon. 

REMNANT. See Remainder, what is left. 

REMONSTRATE, v, t. les-chilikon^m. 

REMORSE, n. S'nches^ls, S'chil^konzut j though these words fall 
very short of our idea of remorse. 

REMOTE. See Far, Distant. 

REMOVE, V. t. Ist. To remove from, les-u^ushilshem. 

2d. To remove to, Ies-chu6ushilshem. 

3d. To remove from an office, Ies-6zkaem. 

4th. To take out of the way, Ies-tI6kum. 

REMOVE, V. I. 1st. Chines-ueushilshi. 

2d. To change place, Chines-sipshilshi. 

REMUNERATE, reward, i?. t, les-g^kam. See Pay. 

RENDER, V. t. Ist. To rc^turn, lefes-guizltem. 

2d. To inflict as retribution, ^^liines-^ichsti, Chines-6izini. 

8d. To render a service, justice. See Serve, Judge, etc. 

KEP 311 

Ltb . To render tallow, Ie8-so6m. 

RENEW, V. t. Iele8-k6lcm. 

RBNJSTET, n. Spuius. 

RBIS'OUNCE,!;. /. Ist. To reject, les-go^lera. 

2d. To refuse to acknowledge as our own, les-tdmem. 

3d. To renounce right to, les-go^lem, les-hbiem, les-ptl^chstem. 

4th. To renounce one's religion, Chines-gokouszuti, Chines-goko- 

mi lu tel sinch^umen, les-goelem. 
KE^T, n. 1st. Compensation for leasing out money, etc., Sg^kaka, 

2d. To pay rent, les-chgapilem. 

RBNTy V. t, 1st. To grant the possession of an object for a remu- 
neration, Ies-k61inem. See Hire, Lend. 
2d. To take the use of an object, paying for it, les-chg^kapilem, 

REPAIK, V. t. 1st. To restore to a sound state after decay, etc., 

2d. To give indemnity, to indemnify, les-nkolisusem. 
REPAIK, V. i. To resort to, les-chguiem, les-chgutpminem, les- 

-chtelkominem. See Shelter, Koi. 
REPAIK, n. See Shelter. 
REPAKATION, n. Nkolisusten. 
REPASS, V. i. Chineles-shiiisti. 
REPAY, V. t 1st. To pay back, leles-guizltem. 
2d. To pay anew, Ieles-ne6isem. 

3d. To make one suffer for his deeds, les-p^kakem, les-uicheem. 
REPENT, V, i. 1st. To be sorry, Chines-pupus6nchi. 
2d. To condemn oneself, Chines-chifkonziiti. 
3d. To amend, Chineies-tgomenzuti. 
4th. To do penance, Chines-nkolisi. 
REPENTANCE, n. Spupusench, Npupus6nchten, Snk6lis, Snk6- 

REPINE, V. i. Chines-nigupelsi, Chines-nch^selsi, Chines-ieiezin- 

misti, Chines-naimelsi. 
REPLACE. See Place. 
REPLETE. See Fill, Full. 
REPLY, V, i, Chines-kolku6nguzini, 
REPORT, V, t. 1st. To relate, les-mimiim. 
2d. To bring back an answer, letes-mimishitem. 

312 EES 

REPOSE. Seo Rest. 

REPREHEND, v, t les-chiHkonera. 

REPRESENT, r. t. Ist. To present again, leies-t^shilshem, leies- 

2d. To exhibit the image of, Ezageil t , Skolkaii. It represents 

our Lord, " Skol:kaiis Kolinzdten," lit. It is the portrait of. 
3d. To portray, les-kulkaiin. 

4th. To represent by mimicry, or on the stage, les-nzuzu^chsem. 
5th. To take the place of, Ics-n^kalshdlpem, les-nzuzu^chscm. 
6th. To represent, as an ambassador represents his principal, les- 

nmizinera, Ko-nmizinzutis t — . 
7th. To be a sign, figure of, les-koisugumem. See Figure. Abel 

represented the crucified one, " Abel hi kolsugum^tis ^u es- 

EEPRESENTATIYE, n. 1st. Nmizinzuten. 
2d. As an heir represents the testator, Nl:kal8helpenzuten. 
REPRESS, V, t. 1st. les-tlpim, les-hdiem, les-lr^psem, Ies-I6chem. 
2d. To restrain, les-iommim. 
3d. To repress oneself, Chines-iommenzuti. 
REPROBATE, v. t Ies-go61em. 
REPROBATE, n. Sgo61emen. 

REPROVE, V, t. les-chiHkonem, Ies4eml6melshem. 
REPTILE, n. Es-titishdlegu. See Tiesh. 
REPUDIATE, V. t. 1st. To cast away, les-go61em. 
2d. See Renounce. 

3d. To divorce, [es-go6lem, Ies-gokop6usem, Ies-talp6usera. 
REQUEST. See Ask, Desire. 
RESEMBLE, v. t, Chin-ezageil t— . 
RESENT, V, t. Ta is niuilsem, Ies-nch6selsem. 
RESERVATION, n. Lkukuimiilegu, Bs-^pulegu, Skeligu stoligas. 
RESERVE, V. t, 1st. To put away for future use, Ies-6Ikora, les- 

2d. To keep for oneself, les-kuestcra iki-koide, les-chitim ikl- 

RESERVED, A. 1st. Timid, Zeeshemen. 
2d. Cautious, Kulpapagamuh 

3d. I am reserved with him, not free, les-iaaminem. 
4th. Inspiring reserve, laiasnug. 
RESIDE. See Remain, Dwell. 


RESIDENCE, n. let. House, Zktgu, Sriemuten, Snlxiiten. 

2d. The act of residiug, Semut, pZ. Sai^ilt, SIzii. . * , . . 

8d. Ta take up his residence in anyplace, Chines-l^sbilshi, Chines- 

RESIDUE. See Remainder. . ■ , . 

RESIGN, y. f. let Ies-ptl6ch8tfem. . 

2d. To resign oneself, Chinegl-ptlechstemisti, Chines-niolsemisti. 
RESIST, V, t. 1st. To strive against, les-ch^utusem. See Butus. 
2d. To stand, endure, les-niaulsem. 
8d. To last a long time, as wood that resists the, water, loi6t, 

Kasip. ' 

RESISTLESS, a. Tas Ikokodten, Tas zkakautenv 
RESOLUTE, a. Koilkolt, loiospuCis, Kutispufis. 
RESOLVE, r. L To form a resolution, Chin-uis-nt^ls, Chin-uis-kul- 

pag6m. . . 

RESORT. See Repair. 

RESPECT, V. t. les-he^m, Ies-p6teem, les-^zgam. 
RESPECTABLE, a. Hchesnug, Npot6ten. 
REST, V. i. Ist. To rest oneself after being tired, Chinos-leguds'- 

2d. To bo taking a rest, Chines-millegu^lsi. 

3d. To be rested, Chin-el-Vcgu^ls, Chin-eWegu^s'chit. See L^gu. 
4th. To recline, lean on, Chines-chleemi. 
5th. To sleep, Chines-itshi- 
6th. To be still, I-chin-tlil. 

7th. To be dead, Chines-tlil. : 

8th. To rely on, Chines-nmilselsi. ' ' j 

9th. To set itself down, as a pail, kettle, boat, resting themselves, 

going to lay, Akaka. See Zak. 
10th. To be lying at rest, as a boat resting ashore, Es-zak. 
11th. To rest on the head of a person, les-nzkailskanejri, nzk&u- 

12th. 1 have it resting on my head, Tes-nzkauskanem, nzkauskane- 

REST, V, t. 1st. To set at rest, to make repose, les-millgu^lsem, 

2d. To place as on a support, Ies-chtk6m, les-zk^m. 
3d. To place a sword at rest in the scabbord, les-nzakom. See 

814 RET 

REST, n. Ist. A state of quiet and repose, Slega^Is, NmeUagul- 

sten, NmeUdgusten, Nra^Hsten. 
2d. The others, hu Kuitlt. 
RESTITUTION, n. To make restitution, 1st. By returning what 

has been stolen, le^es-guizHem. 
2d. By giving other articles equivalent, Ies-nguz'sh6sem. 
8d. By working, suffering, les-nkolisusom. 
RESTIVE, a, Taks-guisti, Es-galgalemisti. 
RESTLESS, a, Ist. Never resting, Tas-zkakadtem, Ta epi nmctt- 

2d. Uneasy, Chines-koitkap^lsi. 
8d. Sleepless, Chines-gusrai. 
4th. Throwing oneself every way as a restless patient, Chines-lala- 

niisti. See Illmlaminem. 
5th. Writhing, Chines-pAzkoi. 
6th. Incapable of being still, as wild boys, Chines-mezinmisti, Me- 

meet, Ta i-stlil. 
RESTORE. See Restitution, Repair. 

RESTRAIN, V, t 1st. To control oneself, Chines-iomenziiti. 
2d. To abridge, Ie8-t6pem. 
3d. To control, check, les-geenim. 
RESULT, V. i, Chines-k61ili. 
RESURRECTION, n. Seltelesk61igu. 
RESUSCITATE, v. L Chin-eltelesk^ligu, Chin-e^gulguilt. 
RESUSCITATE, v, t. le^es-gulguiltem, [es-eltelesk6ligum. 
RETAIN, V, t, Ies-ku68tein, les-m^kam. 
RETAKE, V. t Ist. In general, Ieles-kun6m. 
2d. Things lost by gambling. Chines-nku6mpi, Chines-nkuenpi. 
3d. What has been bargained, Chlnes-nelku^nsi. 
RETARD. See Late. 

RETIRE, V. i. 1st. To retire to, Chines-chu^ushilshi. * 

2d. To retire from, Chines-ueushilshi. 
3d. To hide oneself, Chines-nkomisti. 

RETRACT, V, t, lel'cs-tdmem, lol^es-enu^upem. See Back. 
RETREAT, n, 1st. Spiritual mission, Sp6te, Npot6ten. 
2d. To make one's retreat, Chines-p6tei. 
RETRENCH, v, t. Ie8-t6pem. 
RETRIBUTION, w. 1st. To receive a retribution, to suffer, Chin- 


KEV 815 

2d.. To give a retribution, les-p^kakam, leB-g^kam. 

RETXJEN, V. i. 1st, To turn back from anyplace or action, CbineK 

2d. To go to the same place, Chin-elgiii. 
3d. To come to the same place, Chinel:-zg(ii. 
4tb. To return home from an absence, Chin-ei^-zt6le. See Ee. 
5th. To return home from the town, Chinel-gui. 
6th. To appear again, as the moon, at set intervals, EM^shilsh, 

7th. To return home from a long trip, Chin-elres-imshi. 
8th. To return to prayer, to church, Chinel-chAum. 
9tb. To return together (of married people separated), Kaelos- 

[In fact the particle El: prefixed to the verb will answer to 
all possibilities of returns.] 
KETUKN, V. t 1st. To repay. See Pay, Eepay, affixing El^ to the 

2d. To refer, report, leles-ukultem Iru szkolko61ts, les-chsguiultem, 

REUNION, n. An assembly of friends, Skamkamilsh, Siaamilsh. 
REUNITE, V. t leles-uMsem. 
REYEAL, V. t. les-lakomim, les-m^iem, Ies-ko6nem, les-mimiim, 

REVELATION, n. 1st. The act of revealing, Szm6ie. 
2d. The objects revealed, Szm6ie. 
REVENGE, V. t, 1st. To revenge the wrong received, Ies-ch6ich- 

stem, ch6ichstemen (lit. I revenge myself for that). 
2d. I revenge the person wronged, Ies-6ichs'shtem (lit. I do harm 

to some one for him). Revenge me, " Ko6ichs'shit." 
3d. I inflict punishment on him, I revenge him for doing wrong, 

4th. I revenge myself for the wrong I received, Chines-^ichsti. 
5th. I revenge on myself the sins I committed, Chines-eichsenzuti. 
6th. I revenge on myself that sin, les-eichsenzdtem. See Ei. 
REVENGE, n. S6ichst, S6izin. 
REVERBERATE, v. i, Es-lnpma, In^p. See Echo. 
REVERENCE, n. Ist. The act of reverencing, Sp6te. 
2d. The being deserving of reverence, Npot6ten. 
KEVERENCE, v. t. Ies-p6teem, Ies-he6m. 

316 RID 

REVEREND, a, Ispotdten, Hehesii^ig, 

REVERSE, 17. i, Ist. To make back, le^^es-pelchusem. 

2d. To overthrow. See Overthrow. 

3d. To put in each other's -flaipc, les-n^igueenu^gum. 

4th. We reverse our position, Kaes-neigusenu^gui. 

6th. To turn end for end, les-silchemim. . ^ ^ 

REVERSE. See Opposite, Wrong. 

REVIEW, V, t, les-shitlusem. See Shiitl. 

REVIVE (after fainting), Chin-ef-gulguilt. 

REVOKE (an order, law), leles-t^mem, leles-in^um. 

REVOLT. See Rebel. 

REVOLVE, V, I. Ist. Es-g4ilkoi, Es-golkoDzuli. 

2d. To revolve as planets, Es-koupmi. Revolving around the sun, 

Es-chkoapizei, Es-chsilchemize. 
REVOLVER, six-shooter, n. Takanchst^lze. See Gun. 
REWARD, V, t, Ies-g4kam. 
REWARD, n. Sgakaka, Szuich. 
RHEUMATISM^ w. Szal j in the loins, Cbin-zal^u^ ; in the knees, 

Chin-zalk6in8hin ; in the hip, Chin-chzalsei. See Ache, Zal. 
RIB, n* Sgutip, joZ. Sg't'sgutip. ^ 
RICE, n. Sgiiguie. 

RICH, a. 1st. A person, Koi6lcgu, Goeels'zilt. 
2d. Excellent, Gest. 

3d. Abounding in , Goeit 

4th. Dear, Es-nkutenaksem. 

RICHES, n. Skoi6legu, N"koi6leguten, Sgoeelszut, Ululini. 

RID, V. t, 1st. Ies-gak6m. 

2d. To rid oneself, Ohines-chgakasinzuti, lew-chgakasinzutem. 

3d. To rid all over, lcs-chil^gak6neni. 

RIDE, V. t, 1st. On horseback, Chinee-chehiteusi, Chines-chiikal- 

sh^usi, /?Z. Kaes-chaiut6usi, Kaes-chlkak^usi. ■ 
2d. In a carriage, Chines-I^kshilfthi lg61ko. 
3d. A horse rides the man, Es-chemt6usem8, chemteusemis hi ska 1- 

tom^gu (lit. He has the man riding him). 
4th. A man riding the honse, Es-chemteusems, chemt^usis lu snchi^ 

zaskagae (lit. He sits on top of the animal). 
RIDICULE, n. Nchgoagoaitin, Nchoioitin. . ' ^ 

RIDICULE, V. t. les-choinzutem, /)/. Kaes-chgoagoaiminem. 
RIDING HORSE, n. Nchemteusten. The one actually ridden, 

EIS 317 

Es-chemteueem. My riding horse, hu inchemt^usten. The 
one I ride actually, ^u ie'chemt^us. 
RlFIiB. See Gun. 
RIG-, diggings, n. Chazenziiten. 
RIG-HT, a. Ist. Not crocked, I-tog. 
2d. Just, I-tog. 
3d. True, 1-tog, On6gu. 
4th. Fit, becoming, I<3. 
5th. Eight hand, Sz-chz'h^chst. See Zeem. 
RIGHT, V, t, les-tgomim. 
RIGHTEOUS, a. I-tog. 

RIGHT-HEARTED, a. I-tog lu spuus. 

RIM. See Brink, Brim. 

RIND, n. The external part qf fruits, nuts, S'chchemize. See Pare, 

RING, n. 1st. lal. 

2d. Ear-ring, Snaz6ne, J9L Snazaz6ne. See Az. 

3d. Arm-ring, Skolia!kozn6chst. See lalk. 

4th. Finger-ring, S'chmpk^inchst. See Chemip. 

RING, V. t A bell, les-lium. 

RING, t\ L Es-liui. 

RING-LEADER, a, Sgushiit, Ilimigum. 

RINSE, V, t. les-ngukiim. 

RIOT, n. Stiakot. 

RIOT, r. /. Chines-ti^koti. 

RIOTEK, n, Tikot^men. 

RIP, V, t, les-telim, les-tel^usem. 

RIPE, a, Pi^k ; grass, Bs-koe^l, Es-koeldps ; roots, Es-koel6shin. 

RIPEN, V. i. Of fruits, Es-piakami ; of grass, Es-koeldpsi ) of roots, 

RIPPLE, n. Es-chilkap6tiku, 

RISE, V, i. 1st. To move from a lower position to a higher, Chines- 

2d. To go up by walking, Chines-shaluti. 

3d. By flying, Chines-tugti. 

4th. In the water, Chines-nt^shilshi. 

5th. From sitting to standing, Chines-tfeshilshi, Chines-echsuishi. 
6th. From being recumbent, Chines-gutilshi. 


8l8 RIV 

7th. Of animals rising from lying down, Es-ka6gomi. 

8th. The river rises, Nka6st, T6chet. 

9th. To get up from bod, Chines-k6iHi. 

10th. To swell up, as dough fermenting, £s-p6nti. 

11th. The sun rises, Es-tl6eh'chemi. • 

12th. The moon rises, Eht6shilsh. 

13th. To increase in bulk, power, heat, rendered by the inchoative 

verb in — ilshi. 
14th. A chief rises, T6shilsh In ilimigum. 
15th. To rise from the grave, Chin-eltelsk6ligu. 
16th. To rise early, Chines-kuzteml^k^ilt. 
RISK. See Danger. 
RITE, n. Nk6lemen. 
RIVAL, n. Eutds, Shem6n. My rival, Isnkulshemen^us, Inshe- 

RIVAL, V, t. Ies-euti\sem. 
RIVET, w. Z^nemen. 
RIVER, n. Ist. Nshi^tiku, S6ulku. 
2d. Confluent, tributary, Ntgudtiku. See Tgum. 
3d. River mouth, S'chiilip, Snchilptin. 
4th. River head, Snleopzin. 
5th. Big river, Nkuten6liku, Kut^nt s6ulku. 
6th. The river flows, E8-moop6tiku. 
7th. The river is high, Nku6st. 
8th. The river is overflowing, T^chet. 
9th. The river is falling, Es-suumi. 
10th. The river is dried up (even with little water), Ngamip, Ngam- 

llth. The junction of two rivers, Chgutp6, Chgutp^tiku. 
12th. The junction of several rivers, Chgut'tp6. 
13th. Down the river, Ut^mchi. 
14th. Up the river, Chk61tich. 
15th. To go down a river by land, Chines-n^goti. 
16th. To go up the river by land, Chines-nziilshi. 
17th. To quit the river side, going to the open country, Chines- 

18th. To strike the river, to reach water, Chines-ulkui. 
19th. To cross the river, Chines-niekomi. 
20th. On the other side of the river, Nisk6t. 


EOB 819 

2l8t. On this side of the river, Lzntel6. 

RO A.X), n. Ist. Shu8hu61 (from Shiest ?) ; in comp. N — aks. 

2d. Big road, Nkutenaks. 

3d. Small road, NlkukuimAks. 

4th. Straight road, !N'tg6ks, Ntogks. 

5th. Crooked road, Es-ninpAks. 

6th. Dnsty road, Nkol^ks. 

7th. One road, Nkoaks; two roads, Nasl^ks; throe roads, Nehe- 

8th. Cross road, Nairn iis^ks. 
9th. Rough road, Nlogks. See iiog. 
10th. Plenty roads, Ngoe^ks. 
11th. Well traced road, Es-kag. 
12th. To walk in the road, Chines-ngudksi. 
13th. To lose the road, Chines-nis4ksi, nisisdks. 
14th. To show the road, les-nmidksem. 
15th. To come down hill by the road, Chines-nulkupdksi. 
16th. To go out of the road, transgress, Chines-nguziksi. 
17 tb. Wagon road, Ngolko^ks. 
18th. To step out of the road, Chines-peldti. 
19th. To fall in the road, Chines-nlkalsh^-ksi. 
ROAM, V. i. Chines-gusteluisi. 
ROAN HORSE, SguAmkan. 
ROAR, V, i, Chines-ntlagzini. 
ROAST, v. I. 1st. Cbines-^zkui^ Ies-6zkum. 
2d. Roast by the fire on a stick, Chines-kolemi. The beef is roasted, 

*' Kolil In sk^ltich." 
3d. I roast beef on a stick, Chines-kol^lzei. 
4th. Underground, in an oven, Chines-kcl^pi. 
5th. To roast long narrow slices by the fire, Chines-ilp^i. 
6th. To roast coffee, les-nuleusem. 
ROB, V, t, les-n^kora, Ies-nchem61kum. See Plunder. 
ROBBER, n. 1st. Nako6men. 

2d. My robber, he that robbed me, In-nakonzdten. 
3d. My robber, v, g. My son that went to steal, I-sgun6ko. 
KOBE, n. 1st. In the shape of a blanket, shawl, cloak, Sizem. 
2d. In the shape of a gown, shirt, tied on the person, Snazlk6it. 
8d. Skin of buffalo, etc., K^tite, Spurn, in comp. See Blanket, 

320 EOO 

4th. I have no robe, Chin-choiukai, Chin-np'tl^lks. 

KOBE, V, t, Ist. To QQver one with a blanket or the like,.le8-8izem, 

2d. To dress one with a gown, les-nazlkeitem. See Az. 
ROBUvST, a. Sisids, Ioi6t, I-guil. 
ROCK, n. Ist. In general, S'shensh, 
2d. On the hills, rupes, Sz68el. 
ROCK (the baby), v, t les-it/iatem. 
ROCKY, a. S'shenshulegu. 
ROD, n. Ist. A twig, Kulat^lp. 
2d. Staff, Nzku^chst. See Zkum. 
3d. As used to whip, ^zmiuten. 
4th. Fishing rod, Chkakam^ieton. 
RODOMONT, n. Es-guasz^ni. 
ROGUE, n. Koaukot, Psaie. 
ROLL, V, t. 1st. Ies-g6lkom. 
2d. To inwrap, as a bundle, les-ehpolkoizem. 
3d. To roll a field, les-chilgolko^nem, ehilgolko6nen. 
4th. To roll over, turn, les-plchmim. 
5th. To roll up, v, g. a curtain, Ies-p61kom. 
6th, To roll down, to spread, Ies-i61gum. 
7th. To roll in the form of a ball, les-che^m. 
8th. To roll oneself, Chines-golkonzuti. 
ROLL, V, L Ist. By turning on an axis, Chines-gdlkoi. 
2d. To be tossed, as a ship, from one side to the other, Es-uelmi. 
ROLLER (of a. field), n. Chilgolko6neten. 
ROOF, n. 1st. The upper extremity of the house, Nchemkanelgu. 

See Chem. 
2d. The cover of a house, Galk^inten. 
3d. The roof is on fire, Nulpakan^lgu. 
ROOF, i;. t Chine8-galk6ini. 
ROOM, n. Zitgu, Snlziiten. The other room, Lu nko61ze. Many 

rooms, Goeelze. 
ROOST, V, i. Chines-chamut^lkoi, pi. Kaes-ehaiut^lkoi. 
ROOSTER, n. Cock, Skultemigu skuiskus. 
ROOT, w. 1st. Sogu^pe. 
2d. Edible roots dug, Sz-gezt. N.B. — The roots more used by 

these Indians are : a. Itgoe (camas root); b,^ Spetlem (bitter 

root) ; c. Stldkum (wild carrot); d, Msauie (tobacco root); e. 

ROU 821 

Skonkoin'nem (Indian potatoes); /. Pdgpug (aDgellca, so 
called by the Canadians) ; g. SksLkauzin (a kind of potato; h, 
Si^ikan (reed root, poisonous) ; L Spesipi (flax weed root) ; j, 
Kol6uie (wild onions); k. Se^eb (a kind of onionet) ; /. Sizsht, 
3d. To dig for roots, Obines-g^zti. 

ROOT, V. i. Of trees, vegetables, growing roots, Tigusogudp, 
ROOT, r. t. As swine do, ies-zikam. 
ROPE, n. 1st. Of berap or wild flax, Sp6zen. 
2d. Of skin, Sipi. 
3d. Of horse hair, Zikep. 
4th. Plaited flat, Ez-khz. 
6th. Plaited square, Kalemdt^. 
6th. Of buffalo hair, Es*Biteho. 
7th. A% for hobbling, Obazentin. 
8th. For catching horses, Azminten. 
9th. To put round the neck, Ohaz^lpsteti. 
10th. To bridle the horse \u the raoath, Kol:Qzep6ten. 
11th. To wind around the nozzle, Agadsten. 
12th. Feeble rope, Ltetira6p. 

13th. One rope, Nko^p ; two ropes, Asel^p ; three ropes, Chelep ; 
four ropes, Musp ; five ropes, Zilchst^p; six ropes, Takanch- 
st6p ; seven ropes, Spelch6p ; eight ropes, Henm^ ; nine 
ropes, Gant^ ; ten ropes, Openchst^p ; fcw ropes, Lu^p ; 
many ropes, Goe6p. 
14th. Wide rope, as a belt, Lk^p. 

15th. The rope breaks, unmakes, Likat, Es-toukami. See Tou^k. 
ROSARY, n. Skal^ps tes-liko, Ee-liko. 
To say the rosary, Chines-eh^ui les-liko. 
ROSE, n. 1st. Flower, Sgui^palk. 
2d. Tbe shrub, Gui^pelp. 
ROSIN, n. T6Hen. 
ROSTRUM, ». Sps4k8. 

ROT, V. I. 1st. Of animal or stinking matters, Chines-n^kami. 
2d. Of vegetables, wood, I-tuk, 1-tkumi. 
ROTTEN, a. I-naka, I-tuk. 
ROTTENNESS, n. Mzolt. 
ROTUND, a I-milko. 
ROUGrH, a. Uneven, Zup. 

822 KUI 

ROUGH ROAD, Inzupaks. 

ROUND, a, Ist. Spherical, 1-milko, ^/. I-milmilko. 

2d. If not sphorical, a8 a dollar, Idl, pL Iliai. 

3d. To become round, circular, lalil, lalenzdti. 

ROUND, n. One round of ammunition, Nkokan^l ; two rounds, 

Nasalkan61. See Shot. 
ROUND, prep. See Around. 

ROUSE, V, t les-k^iltem, les-koilchstem, les-koimehstem. 
ROW, n. See Line. 
ROW, V. i, Chines-dzeli. 

RUB, V. t, 1st. To move with friction, les-iilkum. 
2d. To wipe, Ies-e6pem. 
3d. To polish, to make smooth, Ies-6lem. 
4th. To break into small particles, as to rub the weed and tobacco 

in the hand prior to filling the pipe, Chines-uumi, les-dumem. 
5th. To grate, les-go^kom. 
6th. To rub into powder, les-pkomim. 
7tb. To rub a rope, etc., to limber it, les-ivktem. 
8th. To rub two sticks together to make fire with them, Chines- 

9th. To rub a match, Chines-pagai. 
RUBBISH, n. 1-zupl^gu. 
RUDDER. See Helm. 

RUB, V, t. les-chpupus^nehem, Ies-chnigup61sem* 
RUGGED, a. Ist. A mountain, Sz<3sel. 
2d. A road, I-nz6pks. 
3d* A bark, Chiz6plko. 

RUIN, v. t. 1st. To damage, waste, les-kolgo^riem. 
2d. To destroy, les-m^um. 
3d. To put an end to, Ie8-h6iem. 
4th. To bring to ruin, perdition, les-gut^chstem, les-tlemiua, les- 

-chtl^pilem, les-ostusem. 
5th. To be ruined, Chin-go6it, Chin-kolgotip, Chin-alip, Chin-ga- 

6t.h. A house ruins, Mzak. See Zak. 
RUIN, n. 1st. The being damaged, Skolgoel'l. 
2d. The carrying to ruin, Nkolgo^l'lten. 
3d. The reason why one is ruined, Chkolgo^rilen. 
4th. S'h<3i, Nh6iten, Chh<3iten. 

RYE 828 

5th. Sgutemszut. 

RULE, n. Ntgotin, Nchzogoepil^ten. 

liXJLE, V, t. Ist. To mark with lines, les-lpim. 

2d. To govern, decide, Ie8-chzogo6pileni. 

RULER, n. Ilimigum, Chzoguepilenzuten, Sguchzogu6pile. 

RUMINATE, V. L Chine8-nzgo61kolti. ' , 

RUMOR, n. Tale, rop(»rt, Smiimii. 

RUMP, n. Tkalem^pl. 

RUN, V, i. 1st. To step quick, Cbines-uami»ti. 

2d. Hurriedly, Chinos-aipmi, Obines-mentuilshi. 

3d. To move easy and rapid, Chin-tlagt. 

4th. To run away, Chines-telkomi, Chines^gutprai, Chines-gutepen- 

5th. To run round about, Ohines-k^zelsbi, pi. Kaes-kdtlsbi. 
6th. To hurry away, Chines-gutpmi. 
7th. To run after, pursue, les chtk6m (used in bad sense). 
8th. To run races, Chine8-k6kotie8bi. 
9th. To run away stealthily, Chines-nkomisti, Chines-koliuko- 

10th. To «reep, Chines-tidshi. 
1 1th. The river runs, Es-raoop^tiku. , 
12th. The spring runs, Es-ozka^tiku. 
13th. To spread as water, Es-melpmi. 
14th. As fire, Es-paapini, Bs-milkokomi, Melliikuku. 
16th. The mill is running, Esrgo^koi. 

16th. To go in the direction of south, north, etc., Es-ntagolusi. 
17th. To run away with, lesgutp^sem, les-telkbsem. 
18th. To run out (of liquids drunk), Nzo6p; of streams, Ngaaup j 

of any other supply, Z'sip* 
19th. To run over (of liquids running over a vessel), Sigugu ; of 

water running over a field, etc., Es^cbi^^melpfenem. . 
20th. To run over a child, etc., with wheels, Ies-chgolko6nem j on 

horseback or running, les-kaln^tem. 
RUNNER, a. Koilkoll, Tlagt. 
RUSTY, a. Es-kualii. 
RUT, V, I, (of animals), Es-sellemi. 
RUTABAGA, n. Mil mil ko. 
RYE, n. I-paa. 


824 SAD 


SACK, n. Ist. In general, Tlikane (by Ealispels), Chgoku6us (by 

2d. Of elotb of any kind, Sp6zen. 

3d. To open a sack, Cfaines-kohnteiapi. It is open, Es-koHnteUp. 

4tb. To put in a sack See Pot. 

SACK, V. t. See Plunder. 

SACRAMENT, n. Saclament, Mali^. 

SACRED, a. Npot^ten. See Consecrate. 

SACRIFICE, V. t. Ies-na6iem, les-tna^iem. 

SACRIFICE, n. Ist. Tbe act of samfidng, Snn6i. 

2d. The object offered, No^imen. 

3d. As an offering, Ngazsbemisten. See Gaizsh. 

4th. For sin, Nk6Usten, Nkolisiisten In 1 t^ie. 

SACRILEGE, to commit a sacrilege, les-melmelchstem lu, les- 
-choinzi\tem. You made a sacrilegious communion, you pro- 
faned the Communion, the Churdi, *' Mclmj61ch8tementgn hi 
snkaezin, lu snch^umen." 

SAD, a. 1st. The being sad, Chines-nigup^lsi, Chines-pupus^nclii. 

2d. Causing sadness, Igui^gt. See Igu. 

SADDLE, n. Ist For a man to ride, Ntkochisk^ga^ten, lit. What 
is placed on the back of the horse. 

2d. For women, Nch^gochiskdga^ten. 

3d. For packing, Chko6Hen, Amamt^ks. See Ko6Jrt. 

SADDLE-BLANKET, or skin, if placed under the saddle, Nka- 
pops ; if placed on the saddle, Chkap6us. See Kap. 

SADDLE, V. t. Ist. To place a man's riding saddle on a horse, 

2d. I saddle that horse, les-ntkocbinem. 

3d. 1 saddle that horse for him, les-ntkochilrtem. 

4th. To place a woman's saddle on a horse, Chittes-ntkochiskAgaei. 

5th. To place a pack-saddle on a horse, Chines-ntkochfsk^gaei. 

6th. To place saddle-blankets on a horse, Ies-nkap6psem, lee-nka- 

7th. To place saddle-blankets on the saddle, les-ehkap^usem. 

1 _ 

SAL «86 

SADNESS, n. Spupusdneh, Snigupi&la. 

SAFE, a. Out of danger, securtcs^ let. I am 9afe, Cbin^^-gumli^^ni. 

2d. I feel saf^, Ohines-gumkanzdti. 

3d. Saved, salvtis, I-gnil, Gulguilt. / 

4th. Place of safety, Gutnkao&legu. 

SAFE. n. A place to store away objects, Sulkominten. 

SAFETY, 11. Ist. The being free from danger pr fear, Sgunikftn^^t. 

2d. The being saved, Sgulguilt. 

SAG. See Lean. 

SAGACIOUS, a. PagpAgt. 

SAGE, n. Wise, Sgukulpag^o). 

SAGB-BKUSH, «. See Absyntb. 

SAIL, n, KlakadlteB, Nlk^nlten, ^shit^illteo, Nshit^ api^^/^. 

SAIL, V, 2. Obines-laapml. 

SAENT, a. Sent, Pagp^gt, Gest, Sgusigults Kolin^eAtei). 

SAKE, for my sake, Gol. See Owe, In4ebted. 

SALE, n. Ist. The act of selling, Stomist, Sni&is. 

2d. The opportunity of selling, N^istei^. 

SALIVA, n. ist. Spitt^go. 

2d. To swallow the «aliva, Chiijies-kan^^sini. 

Sd. Let my saliva drop from the i»outb« Chines-naupEini. Spe j^u. 

SALMON, n. 1st. Smlich. 
2d. White salmon, S'chilu(jz. 
3d. A special kind of salmon, Gom^ne. 
4th. Salmon trout, Aizchstem. 
vSALOON, n. For drinking, Sns^lkuten. 
SALT, n. Cht^iizinten, Zolt, Li«6l. 
SALT, V. t. 1st. Salt beef by scattering salt all ^round^ les-cbpkoi- 

zem t-chtguzinten, Ies-chz6lzem. 
2d. To salt a dish, les-nzol^sem. 
SALUTE, V. t. Ist. By .bowing, les-Jcolt'sem. 

2d. By speaking, les-ehium^ Chines-chd^ui 1 

3d. By shaking hands, Ies-chin6ch8em, Ies-ku6ltem Iru oh61sbis. 

4th. By firing guns, Ghines^tapsk^ligui, Ies-chtapskj6ligam. 

5th. By embracing, les-nchelsusem. 

6th. By kissing, les-ntanxzanem. 

7lh. By kneeling before a person, les-chkoish^nem. 

SALVATION", n. The saving one, Ngulguilten. See Eedeem. 

826 «AV 

SALYBR, n. Snes'ch^nten, Kap61ze. 

SAME, a. let. Tdenti^l in liind,' Ezag^il. 

2d. Identical in individuality, Shfei^ I-shM, ^i-shM, I-p6tu-8hei. 

3d. I think the same, Lsh^i u chinee-nagal^lsi. See Agal. 

4th. I say the same, Ldh^i u chiihez-egukdni. 

5th. I do the same, isiieiu ehinez-ag^ili. 

©th. I tliink the same- as you doj L-anui u ehines-nagal^lsi. 

7th. 1 say the same as he does, Lznilz u ebinez-egukfini. 

8th. I think, I say, 1 do the same as Peter, Chin-nagal^ls t-Piel, 

Chin-egukdnem t-Pi^l, Chin-ag^ilem t-Pi^l. 
9th. r think the same as you do, Ko-nkulnagal^lsementgu. You 

think as I do, Nkulnagalelsemenzin. And so all verfes^ c^n be 

odmpouWded. with the attention of inverting the phrase and 

placing the agent in the English phrase as patient in the Iii- 

dian version. 
10th. At the same hour, time, Lag^l mnug. 
SANCTIPY, V. t, Ist. To consecrate, bless, les-chchAupilem. 
2d. To make saint, by cleansing from sin^ les-gukupnunem, les- 

-kolgo6Utem \u t^ie, Ies-kollg6stem. 

N.B. — As there is no proper name for sanctity, one must 

render these phrases by periphrases. 
SAND, n. Sk'pkep^ne. See Skem. 
SANE, a. Ist. I-guil. 
2d. Of mind, Es-miszdt. 
SAP, n. Stikulko, Sta^lkan. 
SAP, V. t, les-kuHelira, les-kulzikam. 
SASH, n. 1st. As worn like belts. See Belt. 
2d. As hanging from the shoulders. See Haversack. 
SASH (of windows), N"shins6lguten. 
SATAN, n. Sgo61emen. 

SATIATE, V. t les-mkdinchem. See M6ku. 
SATISFACTION (contentment), n. Sniuila. • 
SATISFY, V. t. 1st. To make content, les-niu^lsem, niuAlsten ; les- 

-npi^lsem, les-nges^lsem. ' 

2d. To comply with the rightful demands, les-nkolisdsem. 
SAYAGE, a. U^kaukt. 
SAYE, V, t, 1st. To protect from injury, destriotion, les-gulgnii- 

tem. See Gliil. 
2d. To keep from being spent, les-n^mem, les-chitim. 

SCA 327: 

5d. To save the trouble, etc., G6i. To save you pain, I shall not 

go, " Ta iks-guisti, gei ku-pupus^nch." 
4th. To save oneself by running away, Chipes-elgopmi. 

5th. To save oneself from , Ko-es-lgopnuneras, lit. He lets me 

escape. I save myself from death,^ " Ko-es-lgopni^nem9 hi 
t nteliltin,". lit. Death lets me escape. You cannot save your- 
self from death, *f Ta ks-lgopnunts In t nteliltin.'' 
6th. See Kedeem, Eansom. 
SAVE, V. I, Chlne8-ni6rai, Chin-n6mnemt. 
SAVE, prep, hn ne ta. 

SAVING, a. Parsimonious, N6mn©mt, leiukue. 
SAVIOUE, n, Ng^lguilten, Gulguilt'szuten, Kpltkonzuten. 
SAVOR, V, i, Es-pgupmi, pgup. See Pug, 
SAW, n, Nichemen. 

SAW-MILL, n. Snnichemon, Snpichemen, Snsk^listen. 
SAW, V, t, les-nichem. , 

SA W, V, i, 1st. Chines-nichi. 
2d. The timber, the saw saws, Es-nichchi., 
3d. To saw standing trees, Ghines-nichdpi. 
4th. To saw off, les-kulnichem. 
SAWDUST, n. Chnichemen. 
SAWYER, n.Sgunichem. 
SAY, V, i. 1st. Ohines-zuti. 
2d. I say to him, les-zunem. 
3d. I say of him, about him, les-chszdnem. 
4th. To recite a lesson, prayer, to pronounce, les-ium. 
5th. To say so, Chines-ziiti u, Chines-zuti ^% Chines^zdti; sh^. 

See Eu. 
6th. To say no, Chii^es-zuti ta. 
7th. To not refuse to speak, les-shuelzcnem. 
8th. I have nothing to say, Ta i6pl nshu^lzten. 
9th. What do L say to him ? Ezinsten ? 
10th. What do I say ? Chin-ezinti ? 
11th. How do I say ? Lchen u chinez-egukuni 'r* 
12th. I sa}^ so, in this way, Lsh^i u chin-eg^kunem. 
SCAB, n. Skatim. , Se^? Katim. 
SCABBARD, n. Sn*ninchementen. 
8CALD, v. /. Ies4k6m. 
SCALE, n. Istj. Balance, K6temen, Snsagumeten. 

m scA 

2d. Offish, Ilish. 

3d. It has scales all round, scaly, Es-chsinsiniee. 

4th. Ladder, SnchiolBhteti. 

SCALE, V. i. See Clittib. 

SO ALP, fi. 1st. As on the head, K6nikan. 

2d. As taken off^ S£6kokan. See Zkum. 

SCALP, V. t, les-chiBkndi&kanem, les-kadtem la k6nikan. 

SCALPED, part.. Z6kokan, Bs-chzku4iakan. 

SCANDAL, n. Ist. To give scatidal to one, les-chtlefepilem I t6ie, 

(lit. I cause him harm). 
2d. I lead him to sin, los-chchih6pilem iu 1 t6ie. 
3d. I gire him bad e:t:ampie, teS^2Q2u(isem \n 1 t6ie. 
4th. I exhort my children to Stn, I give them bad example bj 

words, les-nzuzuzinem lu t6ie lu lisgnsigult. 
5th. I cause him to commit sin, Ie8-k61shitem ks-kun^ms lu tMe. 
6th. 1 give him example in evil, les-guizl^tem nzgoifelten 1 t^ie. 
7th. I drag him to sin, Ios-zkakuni\nem di t6te. 
8th. 1 push him to sin, les-kCipem ch t6ie. 
9th. To take scandal, Ies^nzui&u6chsem kn isel^gt. I do what my 

comrade does, " les-azuzu^chHem Im skols lu isel^gt." 
10th. I follow him, les-chshinim. 

11th. I leel myself dragged by , les-zkokuminem. 

SCANDALOUS, a. 1st. Chtleepilenzdten 1 t6ie, Zogzogonzuten 1 

t6ie, Nzgo6lten I t6ie, Zkunz^ten 1 t6ie. 
SCANT, scanty. Sec Top, Tititi. 
SCAE, n. Skatim. See Katim. 
^AKCE, a. Ist. Not plentifftl, rare, laiit. See lA. 
2d. Below what is wanted, Kultuin. See Tuin. 
3d. Money is scarce with me, lai&sten In ulnlim. 
SCAECBLY, adv. G^il n^u ta. 
SCAEE, V. t. Ies-ngalg6lem. 
I got scared, Chin-ngel, Ko-S2tigalg6l. 
SCAEF, n. For the neck, Kolko6z'senten. 
SCATTEE, v.i. Chines-pgomi, Chines-pgomilsbi. 
SCATTEE, V. t 1st. les-pgOrtiira. 
2d. Scatter stones, grain, les-pkom. See Poko. 
3d. We scatter ourselves, Kaes-pgomenzuti . 
4th. Scatter, spread what is piled, les-pUem. 
SCATTEEED, a. Of people, animals (if standing), Kaes-t'pt'pieuf, 

SCE 329 

(if lying down), Kaes-karnkamini^uti. 
SCENT, V, t 1st. Of dogs trying to scent the game, Es-nsdmsheni. 

See Siium. 
2d. Of dogs finding out the game by scenting, E«-chch61i. E8-cheh6- 
lems. He scents a bear, " Es-chch^li t'smg6iehen." He scents 
the bear, " B8-chch61^ms lu smg^ichen." 
3d. Of men, Ies-pugpni\nem. 
4lh. To scent, perfume anything, les-sinem. 
SCENT, n. 1st. The power of smelling, if keen, Niuiuaks. 
2d. The emitting a smell, Spugp^lka. 
8CBPTEB, n. Chilimigunten. 

SCHISM, I commit schism, Chines-kolchilemenzut, Chines-nlkous- 
zdti, Chines-gokousziiti, Chinel:-gok6m 1 snchdumen, Chines- 
SCHOOL, n. Snazgalkaiminton. 
SCHOOL-TEACHER, n. Sgumim6iem. 
SCIMITAR, sabre, n. Nsp listen. 
SCIRRHAS, n. 1st. Under the jaws, Es-k61kolti. 
2d. In the breast, Es-ku^mgui. 
SCISSORS, n. 1st. Chalminten, Chilchalminten. 
2d. To cut with scissors, Chines-chalmi, Jes-chalim. 
SCOFF, V, t. les-choinzutem. 
SCOLD, V. t, Ies46melsem, Ies-l'6mlshten, les-l-eml^omelsem, les- 

-chil-ikonem, Ie8-zogzog6m, Ies-kolku61stem. 
SCORCH, V. t. 1st. A part of the body, Ies4mk6m. 
2d. To scorch anything having hair, les-paini. 
3d. To scorch posts, les-chul^lkom. 
4th. To scorch a blanket, les-kageizem. 
5th. Scorched by the sun, in the face, Ulpus, Chin-ulpus. 
SCORN, n. 1st. See Laugh, Ridicule, Scoif. 
2d. To despise, les-tmdlsem. 
SCORPION, n. Zoig6. 
SCOUR, V, t, les-e6pem. 

SCOURGE, V, t. les-lzira, Ie8-kus61tichcni, les-pim, les-chapizem. 
SCOWL. See Frown. 

SCRAPE, V. t, 1st. les-garazim, les-amgdm. See Anig. 
2d. To scrape skins to dress them, les-pshim. 
3d. To scrape the hair oflf'a hide with a bone, Chines-akai. 
4th. To scrape the hair with a knife, Chines-chgoizepi. 

880 8CU 

5th. To scrape off grease spota, etc., ies-kularng6ni. 

6tb. To scrape a hog, [es-chamgu6pein. 

SCEAPEK, n. Pshemin, Gamzinten. 

SCKATCH, V. t. Ist. With the finger nails, les-telg^um. 

2d. The face with the finger nails, les-telg^usem. 

3d. The back with the finger nails, les-ntelgf^oichinena. 

4th. To scratch with the fingers, not with the nails, les-ksim, 

6th. To scratch oneself against anything, as cattle will do, Es-ka- 

sinzdti. . 
6th. To scratch in order to clean the ground from snow, rubbish, 

7th. To scratch by leaving an indenture, v, g. With a nail on a 

plank, plate, skin, les-enikdm. See Bruise. I have a scratch, 

SCEEAM, V, i. Chines-nzelzalk^pi, Chines-u^si. 
SCEEECH-OWL, n. Nchchigue. 
SCEEW, n. Z^nemen. 
SCEEW, V. t, Ics-zanern. 
SCEEEN, V. t, Ist. To protect, les-kolk^igum. 
2d. To sift, Ie8-goku6u8era, Ies-nz'86u8era. 
3d. To hide away. See Hide. 
4th. To spread a curtain between, IeB-iligu6usem. 
SCEBEN, n. 1st. As it separates, Goku6usten. 
2d. As it prevents the sight of one another, Chetus. 
3d. What is spread between to prevent the sight, Iligueusten. 
SCEIBE, n. Sgukaim. 
SCRf PTUEE, 71. Kaimin. Holy Scripture, Kaimintis Kolinxuten, 

Pagp^gt kairain. 
SGEOTUM, w. M^chep. 

SOEUB, V. t. Ist. To wash a floor, Chines-chiizeulpi. 
2d. To wipe it with a mop, Ohines-chile^pelsi. 
SCEUPLE, V. i. ChincH-i^mmi. 
SCEUPULOUS, (7. I6miemt, Iem6men. 

SCUFFLE, V. i. In order to throw one^s mate, Kaes-komennei^ui. 
SCULPTUEE, n. The same as painting, having regard only to the 

features expressed out of the original, or in the wood. 
SCULPTUEE, V, t Ist. To carve the wood, les-kaim. 
2d. To express the features of the object intended to be represenljfed, 

SBC 381 

les-kulkaim. He sculptured the wood, and sculptured out 
Mary, *^ Kaint^s lu tuku, u kulkaiat^s Maly." 
SCUM, w. Ist. See Froth, Foam. 
2d. For refuse, Sgo^lemen. 
SCYTHE, n. Goizl^guten. 
SEA, n. 1st. S'chilptlera^tiku. See Potlem. 
2d. At sea, on the high seas, Ch^um, Chitch^um, Chil^chem^tiku. 
3d. To be on the open sea, Chin-che6u. 

4th. To go to the the open sea, Ohines-ch^ushilshi. See Ch6um. 
5th. Sea shore (not bankj, Silehzin. 

SEAL, r. t, Ist. To mark wiith a stamp, les-kaim, les-chitchira. 
2d. To seal a letter, to fasten, les-z^nem. 
SEA-MAN, n. SgulaAp. 
SEAMLESS, a. Goun, Skak6italks. 
SEARCH, v. t. See Seek, Examine, Look. 
SEASON, n. 1st. Of the year. See each one, not being a general 

2d. The season of sowing, reaping, etc., is rendered by prefixing 
the preposition ch to the noun. The season of sowing, Chpkd- 
16guten. The harvesting season, Chgoizl6guten. 
SEASON, 17. t. Food, les-chtguzinem. 
SEASONING, n. Of food, Chtguzin, Chtguzinten (Z«t What is 

added to food). 
SEAT, n. 1st. On the ground, Nemdten, Nldkshilshten. . 
2d. On a chair, or anything on which to sit, Snchilemdten. For 

several persons, Nai^uten, Snchilai6uten. 
3d. Place, Snlziiten. 
SEAT, V, t, Ist. To cause one to sit on the floor, les-l^^kfthilshem, 

2d. On any stool, les-chil-Hkshilshem, les-chilemiitem. For several 

persons, see Emdt, Lakshilsh. 
SECEDE, V. I, Chines-gokomi, Chines-nelkufeusi, Chines-nlkous- 

zdti, Chines-gokouszdti. 
SECLUDE, V. t. Ies-gok6m, les-kulgokom. 
SECOND, a, 1st. Next alter the first, inipers, Lu ks-esel j pers, Lu 

2d. The next. See Next. 
SECOND, V, t. les-nshi^lsem (lit. I have the same thought.) 

382 SEE 

SECRET, a. Es-u6kum. In secret, Lee-u^kum. 

SECRETARY, n. Sgukaim. 

SECRETE, V. t. Ie8-61kom, les-lkum. 

SECOND INE, n. See Afterbirth. 

»SECURE, a. Ist. Free from anxiety, safe, Chines-gamkanzuti. 

2d. Certain, I-mii. 

»SECURITY, n. Freedom from anxiety, Sgumkanziit. 

SEDATE, a. Snap, I-ssesh. See San. 

SEDUCE, i\ t. Ist. les-chiam, les-choin^utem, les-kolgo^lem, les- 

2d. To entice, les-zkukundnem. See Charm. 
3d. les-k^ilem. 

SEDUCER, w. Chianzuten, Nakomenzuten, Zkunzuten. 
SEDUCTIVE, a. Zkuzukut, Zkunzuten. 
SEE, v,i, Chines-uichi, Chines-uchsk^ligui. 
SEE, V, t. Ist. les-uichera. 
2d. To understand, les-nsugunem. 
3d. To discriminate, les-sugum. 
4th. To look at. See Look. 

5th. To make a call, visit, les-uichem, les^chguiem. 
6th. To make acquaintance with, Jes-mipenunem. 
7th. See, look, imper,, Ma. 
8th. To see about a matter, Ies-ku}pag6m. 
9th. I see him for the last time, les-chagalusem. See AgaL 
SEED, n, Ist. In general, Sk61ka. 

2d. Garden seeds, Sak6in, Zizime skolka. 


3d. Stone seeds in fruits, Snchitlt^. 

4th. Animal seed, Sk61ka, Sngul, Skue^sh, Guimen. 

5th. Fish spawn, Ekum. 

6th. Progeny, offspring, Sogo^p, Sngul, Kael. i have no seed, no 
offspring, " Ta iep Sogo^p.'' Of the seed of David, " Kael 
Dabit, Sogo6pH Dabit." 

SEED, V, i. To produce seed, Es-tigu sk61ka, Es-tigu sakein. 

SEED, V, t. ]es-k<31kam. 

SEEING, conj, N6H. 

SEEK, V. t, 1st. To go in search of, les-tleem, Jes-tlutluusera. 

2d. Usually rendered b}^ making a verb of the substantive, prefix- 
ing ch to it. What do i seek ? ** Chines-chstemi ?" I seek for 
fruits, for flowers, " Chines-chspiikalkai, Chines-chsze^koi." * 


SEE 333 

3d. To ask, les-galitem. See Ask, Look -after. 

SEEK, V, i. Chines-tleemi, Chines-tlutludsi. 

SEEM, V, i. 1st. To have the appeai*ance, to look, Chin-ezageil 

t See Appear, Look. 

2d. It seeras, it is likely to be so, Go^ un6. 

3d. Ft seems, it appears so, Ezag^il. 

4ih. It seems, it is nearly so, Geil. He seems good enough, " Gr6il 

5th. It would seem, Goa. 

6th. It seems to me, Chin-ntels. 

SEEMLY, a. Fit, 16. 

S EER, n. Sguuichem, Sgutuichem, Sgukeisem. 

SEE-SAW, to play at it, Chines-chkakatalkoi. 

SBPARATOE, n. Goku6usten. 

SEPULCHRE, n. Sntkotin, Sntemtemn6iten. 

SERENE, a. 1st. Sky, Chgesdskat. 

2d. Serene aspect, Chkamk6ms. 

SERIOUS, a. S6e, Snap. 

SERMON, n. Skolku61t, Su^ulsh. 

SERPENT, n. Geulegu, S'cheuile (lit. Es-titishiilegu, He crawls). 

SERVANT, n. Ist. One working for another, Sguk<31ein, Sguaga- 

2d. One sent on errands, Skulst61t, j?L Skulkulstelt. 

3d. One living in the same house, dependant, S'chemtep, pL S'chai- 

8ERYE, V. i. Ist. Chines-k61shi, Ko-sguagaluis. 

2d. To be a slave. See Slave. 

3d. To serve in the army, in the navy, Chin-s61tis, Chinos-laapl^ni. 

-Ith. It serves to , Is rendered by the instrumental substantive, 

the meaning of which is : It is used for, v,g. It serves to saw, 
" Nichomen " {lit. It is used to saw). It serves to chop. " She- 
lemin '' (Jit. It is used to chop). It serves to write, "Kaimin." 
See Use. 

SERVE, V. t. 1st. To work for one, les-kblshitem j and in any 
particular work the serving is rendered by the verb relative 
in shit em. 

2d. I am his servant, Ko-sguagaluists. 

3d. I serve him, les-sguagaluisem. 

•tth. I serve him as an errand bo}^ whom he sends where he 
pleases, Ko-skulst^lts. 

8d4 SEN 

5th. I servo him by remaining with him as an inferior, les-chem- 

t6pem . 
6th. To be subservient to one, submissive to, les-kulagalemistem, 

7th. To serve one at table (if I set down one dish), les-tkashftem ; 

(if I set down several articles), les-sclshitem. 
8th. To serve meat, food at the table, les-tk^m, les-selim, les-ka- 

9th. To serve one by giving him to drink, les-kolmMshtem. 
10th. To deal out. See Deal. 
11th. To attend, to take care, ies-chitim. I sefve two nations, 

" Esel^ligu u ies-chitim.'* 
12th. He serves me as a secretary, I-sgukaim. He serves me as a 

farmer, I-8guk61ka. 
13th. It serves me to cut, to Write, In-ftichemen, In-kaiminten. 
14th. It serves me right, Chin-p^kaka. 
15th. I served him right, les-pdkakem, Ies-uich6em. 
SEGEEGATE. See Separate, Divide. 
SEIZE, V, t, Ies-kun6m, les-chinim, les-konniinem. 
SELDOM, adv. Tas goeit, Te6 kuinsh. 
SELF, n. Ist. With pronouns, I, Myself, I-koi6. 
2d. With verbs, rendered by the reflexive verb. 
SELL, V, t. les-guizshem. See Trade, Buy, Pay. 
SELL, V, i. Es-n^isem, Es-n^istom. Furs do not sell now,"letelgoa 

tas n^istem lu spum." 
SENATE, w. Snkamkamelisten, Snchzogoepil6ten. 
SENATOE, n. Sguchzogo6pile, Sgukulpag6m, Sgukolko^lt. 
SEND, V* t, 1st. To dispatch, les-kiilstem. 
2d. To make go, les-guiem. 
3d. To send forth, to emit, Ies-chk61ilem. 
4th. To send forth branches, Es-chkual^chsti. 
5th. To send an affliction, plague, rendered by les-kblshitemsngoz- 

guzm^ls, or the like. 
6th. To send a ball, arrow, ies-tapminem lu tapmin, les-tapim. 
7th. To send with authority, to commission, Ies-chkulst6pileni. 
8th. Many other meanings of this verb must be construed accord* 

ing to the following noun. To send a fragrance, Es-ges^Ikal, 

9th. To send an express, Ohines-kultumshi. 

SET 886 

lOtli. To send word to Apdrew, Chin-kolko^lt <;h-Antel6. 

SEINIOR, n. My senior, J-8gu«hiit, Tel koi^ u shiit 

SJBNSELESS, a, B8-tlilemi, Tas minzixt. 

SENTENCE, w. Ist. Opinion, SznteJs. 

2d. Decision, as formed in the paind, Ohin-uis-ntdls. 

8d.. Decision, as expressed, Nchzogoepil^ten. 

4tli. To pass a sentence, Chines-chzogo6pilei, Chin-uis-kolko^lt. 

I SENTENCE, v. t. les-chzogo^pilem. 

SEll^TINEL, n. Sgudzgam, Sguohgal^m, Sguchitim, Sguchshitim. 

SEPARABLE, a. Gokokoiitem. 

SEPARATE, V. i, 1st, Xes-gokomim, les-goko^usem. 

2d. To take away from the main bulk, not to hide away, les-kol- 

3d. To detach. See Detach. 

4th. To lie between, to intervene, is rendered by the dual or c^^pu- 
lative form in Sus, A street separates them, " Es-ngak6u8 '' 
(lit. There is an empty, clear place between). 
5th. To separate oneself from one's wife or husband, Ies-gokop6u- 

sem, Ies-nelku6uscm, Ies-golstu6gum. 
SEPARATE, V. i. Chines-gokopmi, Chines-gokop^usi, Cbines-nel- 

ku6usi, ChineS'golstu6gui. 
SEPARATELY, adv. Ist. impers. Nko nko. 
2d. pers, Chinkan^ks. 

3d. Usually th'e verb affecting objects separately, not collectively, 
is reduplicated. 1 make them separately, one by one, " les- 
-kolk61em." I kill them separately, some here some there, 
'' les-komkomim." 
SET, V, t. Ist. To seat. See Seat. 
2d. To put, place, lay. See Put. 
3d. To fix firmly, les-zdnem. 
4th. To stop, les-tlpim, 

5th. To fix in the ground, les-shitim, j5^. les-zelim. 
6th. To plant. See Plant. 

7th. To determine, to set a price, a day, Ies-4um. 
8th. To set in good order, to arrange, les-tgomim. 
9th. To set apart. See Separate. 
10th. To set free, Ie8-6zkaem. See Deliver. 

11th. To show. See Show. And innumerable other phrases, which 
must be looked tor under their equivalents. 

886 SHA 

SET, I?, i. The sun, stars, etc., set, Bs-chisodskani. 

SETTLE, V, t. Ist. To place in a permanent position, Ies-tk6m. 

2d. To cause to settle, to be fixed, les-znpniinem, les-z^nem. 

3d. To cause to be quiet, les-kampim, les-tlpfm. 

4th. To determine, decide, les-tgomim, Ies-ch«ogo6pilem. 

SETTLE, V. i. Ist. To take up a home, Chines-kolstolign, Chines- 

2d. To become fixed, steady, Chines-znpm^. See Zan. 
3d. To become quiet, Chines-kampmi, Chines-tlpmi. 
4th. To adjust difi^erences, Chines-tgomi. 
5th. To become settled, straight, gentle, Chines-tgogomi. 
6th. The cofi^ee, tea, etc., is settling, Es-npt't^lze, Es-npt'taku. 
7th. The coffee is settled, Npt^lze, Nptdtiku. 
SEVEN, Ist. impers. Sispel. 
2d. pers, Chsispei. 
3d. Seven days, Spelch^skat. 
SEVENTEEN, 6pen e\ sispel, E\ sispel. 
SEVENTH, a. 1st. impers. Lu ks-sispel. 
2d. pers, Lu ks-sispel. 
S B V ENT Y, Spelchl6pen . 

SEVER, V. t. 1st. To separate, Ies-gok6m, les-goku^usem. 
2d. To sever a piece by cutting it off from a whole ; if by the axe, 

les-kolshelim, and so on, the idea of severing is expressed by 

the preposition '* kol " or " kul- " prefixed to the verb. 
SEVERED, a. Es-goku6u8, Bs-ko*shil,Es-ko*nich. 
SEVERAL, a. 1st. A goodly number, but not very great, Kuith. 
2d. See Some. 
SEVERALLY, adv. Rendered by the verb or noun reduplicated. 

They go severally, " Es-guigui, Enen6s." They go jointly, 

" Es-guui, Es-en^es.'' 
SEW, V, t. Ies-tk6ra, les-tpim, les-nshinusem. 
SEW, V i, 1st. Chines-tkomi. 
2d. By adding a piece, Chines-tpmi. 
3d. By patching holes, Chines-nshinusi. 
SHACKLE, V. t les-lchim. 
SHADE, n. 1st. S'ch6i. See Ch^i. 
2d. To put to shade, under shade, [es-kulrch^iem. 
SHADE, V, t. 1st. To throw a shade over an object by intercepting 

the rays of light coming fi*om above, les-chilch^iem. 

SHA 887 

2d. To intercept the rays of light from below, les-koirch^iom. 

3d. To shade oneself, to make a shade for oneself, Chines-kulchei- 

4tb. To put under shade, Ie8-kulch6iem. 

SHADOW, n. Ist. Of any object, man, tree, or animal, inasmuch 

as it has the configuration of the object, Smelmelko6. 
2d. Inasmuch as it intercepts the rays of light and makes a shady 

spot, S''cheil6gu. 
SHADOW^ V. t, Ist. To throw shade on an object, J es-chijch^iem. 
2d. To put under shade, les-kul-ch^iem. 
8d. To ictercept the rays of light, les-kulch^iem. 
4th. To represent typically, les-kols6gumeii. 
SHADY, a. Cheil6gu.' 
SHAFT, n. 1st. Arrow, Tapmin. 

2d. Tl^e shafts of a single horse carriage, P'np*nl:niuten. 
SHAKE, V. t. 1st. To make an object to and fro, as wind does 

with a tree, les-i^t'tem. 

2d. To make an object to move, les-ium. 

3d. To agitate forcibly, les-pkum. See Puk. 

4th. To shake off dust, snow, les-pkum. 

5th. To toss, Ies-u61em, Ies-ulu61em. 

6th. To shake hands with one, Ies-chin6chsem. 

7th. To shake hands with one another, Kaes-chinchsemenu6gui. 

SHAKE, V, L 1st. To move, Ghines-iui. 

2d. A vacillating motion, Chines-iat'ti. 

3d. To be jolting, tossing, Chines-ueli. 

• 4th. To be shaken off, Ohines-puk. 

5th. To be tottering, Chincs-iat'ti. 

6th. With cold, Chines-chiszl6ini. 

7th. See Tremble. 

8th. Of a tree, etc., out of perpendicular, falling, Es-kuzichemi. 

SHAKY, shaking, a. I-tidt, 1-gualii. 

SHALL, V, aux, Nem. Shall and Will are rendered by the same, 
only by making the emphasis on Nem when it is for Shall, 

SHALLOW, a. Of water, Ngampulegu (lit. Dry land with water) ; 
Tas nko6st. 

SHAM, a, Ist. Good for nothing, Itenemys. 

2d. Deceiving, Ikoistemen. 

3d. In composition for useless, is nicely rendered by /SA-^m prefixed 
to the verb or noun. See Skam. 

388 SHA 

4th. For deceitful, affix 4ie{^ reduplicating the first syllable. See 

SHAM, V. i. Chines-paganziiti. See Feign. 
SHAME, n. 1st. The act of being ashamed, Sz6sh, Sz6sht. See 

2d. What Causes shame, Nzeshtin. 
3d. The shame, pudenda, Nteshtin. 
4th. To feel, to have shame, Chines-zeeshmi. 
5th. To have shame of one, les-zesheminem. 
SHAME, V. t. To put to shame, to cause to fbel ashamed, les-zee- 

SHAME-FACED, a. Zeesh^men. 
SHAMEFUL, a. Nzeshtln. 
SHAMELESS, a. Ta epl: nzeshtin, Tas ze^sh. 
SHAKK, n. 1st. The part oT the leg from knee to foot, S'ehchem- 

4kst*8hin, and it is properly the front part of the leg. 
2d. The two sides, parts of the leg, Snk6m8hin. 
SHAKE See Part. 
SHAKP, a. Ist. Goigoiit. 
2d. Acuminated, Es-nchm4ks. 
3d. Sharp taste or smell, I-tagt, Tagtdgt. 
4th. Sharp language, Gut'tzin. To speak sharp to one, les-gut'tzi- 

5th. Of keen perception, keen sight, Chiuiu^s. See Keen, lo. 
6th. Very trying, Pizpizt. 
7th. Sharp fire, Uiluilt. 

8th. Sharp pain by being burnt, tJiluilpt. See Ulim. 
9th. Sharp pain by soreness, Zalzilt. 
10th. Intelligent, clever, Pagp^gt. 
SHAKPEN, V. t By filing, les-go^kusem, les-p^tliserti. Sharpen 

it for me, " Ko-go6kuH, Ko-paHlt." 
SHAKP-SIGHTED, a. Chiui6s. 
SHATTER, V, t. To break in small pieces, les-telim. See Break, 

SHAVE, V. t Ist. To ciit away the hair, beard, with a razor or 

other sharp tool, les-amgum, les-chilamg^lgum, les-chaingue- 

pem. N.B. — (a) The Flathead will say, les-gamzim. See Razor, 

Scrape, Pare, (b) If the hair, beard is not cut off close lo the 

skin, as we do shaving, see Ail. 

SH£ 888 

2d. To shave oneself, Chines-gamzdsi, ChiBes-cbi^amguelgunzuti, 

Chines-am agusenziit]. This latter means literally, 1 scrape 

the hair oif my own face ; the next m^ans, I' scrape my own 

3d. Indian style, pulling the hair, Chines-ll^epenzuti. 
^th. To shave a tree, plank, les-ohgutl^lkom, 
SHAVED, a. Ist. I46ko (if the hair is all out ft'om the roots). 
2d. If it be cut close to the skin, Amug. 
3d. If it be cut with the scissors, not so close to the root, Ail. 
SHAVINGS, It. Ohgutlminten, 
SHAWL, n. lst.^Snaz61chst. See Az. Skolz6ize. 
2d. I wear a shawl, Chines^kofzdizei. 

3d. I put a shawl around her, I give her a shawl, Ies^kol'z6izem. 
SHE, pron. 1st. Znilz. 

2d. When used for denoting the female, Sme6m, Smdmsbin. 
SHEAF, n. Es-lchdus, pL Es-lch61is. Piles of sheaves, Bs-lch- 

SHEAR, r. t. Sheep, les-chil-goizelgnm, Ies-chil:goiz61gum. See 

SHEARS, w. Chalminten, Ohilrgoizelgnten (as used for sheep 

SHEATH, n. Scabbard, Snnichemen. 
SHEATHE, V, t. 1st. To put into the sheath, les-nzikom. 
2d. To unsheathe a sword, Ies-nzok6m, nzokant6n. 
8HED, V. t. Ist. To cause to emanate fW>m oneself, les-chk61ilem. 
2d. To shed blood, les-sigum singdl. Jesus Christ shad his blood, 

" Jesu Kli sigumis ^ru singdl.*' 
3d. To shed tears, Chines-chauaupusi (lit My eyes are dropping). 
4th. To shed light, Es-paakami. 
5th. To shed heat (of the sun), Es-kukulemi. 
6th. To shed heat (of a stove, fire), Es-tlaakami. 
SHED, V. ^ To throw off, to let fall a natural covering, 1st. To 

shed the hair, Es-chiltok^lgui. The hair shedding, Es-kut- 

2d. The horns, Es-pelk6si. The horns shedding, Es-tiipmi. 
3d. The feathers, Es4kanzuti. 

4th. Serpents shed their skins, Es-nau8z6ti. See Edm. 
SHED, n.0hilch6isten. 
SHEEP, n. 1st. Limot6n, Sip. 

840 SHI 

2d. The female, Golgo^l. 

3d. The male mountain sheep, Lomen^ls'chin. 

SHEET, n. Ist. For bedding, Sizem. 

2d. Of paper, Kaimin. 

SHELF, n. For dishes, Snkap^Ize. 

SHELL, n. Ist. Of eggs, or any other thing covering another all 

around, Chchemize. See Chem. 
2d. The shell of oysters, fish, etc., SkokoU^ne. 
SHELL COEN, v. t. les-chtomim. 

SHELL, V. i, Ist. The wheat shells, Es-pkokomi, Es-toukami. 
2d. The hair shells oif, Es-kutlepmi. 
SHELTER, V. t. 1st. To furnish a shelter for, les-kuicheieshtem. 

See Ch6i. 
2d. To cover from harm, Xes-kolk6igum. 
3d. To screen from notice, les-u^kum. 
4th. To shelter oneself from the sun, Chines-kulcheimisti, Chines- 

5th. To shelter anything from the sun, Ies-kul'ch6iem. 
6th. To shelter oneself from the wind, Chines-k6imi. 
7th. To shelter anything from the wind, Ies-k6im. 
8th. To shelter oneself from rain under a rock or tree, Chines-kul- 

9th. To shelter himself in a cavern, Chines-ntlikumisti. See Tl^ku. 
10th. See Disguise. 
11th. To shelter, oneself under somebody's protectioif, Chines-chi- 

telemisti, Chines-chitechmisti, les-chitelemistem. 
SHELTER, w. 1st. What covers from the sun, Chilcheisten. 
2d. From the wind, Nkoimisten. 
3d. From enemies, Kolkeigunzuten, Snchitelemisten, Nehiteche- 

misten. God is my shelter, " Kolinzuton lu in-chitelemisten, 

in-chitechemisten.'' See Chitechemi, ChiteJ. 
SHEPHERD, w. Sguchitim 1 golgoal, Sguchifsk^gae. 
SHERIFF, w. Sguichim, Sgukun6m. 
SHIELD, n. 1st. S'chitlechst. 
2d. To wear a shield, Chines-chitl^chsti. 
SHIFT, V. t, les-sipshilshem. 
SHIFT, V, I. Chines-sipshilshi. See Change. 
SHIN, n. S'chchemakst'shin. 
SHINE, V. I. Ist. Of the sun, Es-kukulemi. 

SHO 841 


2d.. Of the moon, I-pa4ka, Es-ok^m. 
3cl. Of stars, 1-ziku. 


4:-th. Of candles, I-pa4ka. 

5th. To throw light, Es-paakami. 

6th. What throws a brilliant, fair light, I-p^gu^ Es-pegumi. 

7th. What throws a dazzling light, I-pich. 

8th. To shine, to be polished like tin, light reflecting, Es-siich, 

9th. To shine by being illaminated, as a room lighted, the earth at 

sunrise, Es-gulpmi, I-gal. 
10th. To shine, to make light to anyone, Ies-ze6kom. 
11th. To shine all around, Chpakaize, Chipeguize, Chzicbize. 
SHII^GLBS, n. Ist. Chilzize, Ohilzemin. 

2d. To make shingles, Chines-ehilzemi, les-s4gom ikl-chilzminten. 
SHING-LE, V. t, les-chilzim. I shingle his house, " les-chilzilt^m 

lu zitgus." 
SHINING, a. Ist. As water, clear room, l-gal. See Bright. 
2d. Throwing light, I-pa^ka. 
3d. Brilliantly, I-p6gu. 
4th. Dazzling, I-pich. 
5th. Beflecting light, J-ziich. 
SHIP, w. Stilera. See Boat. 

SHIPWRECK, V. u Chines-mAuli, Chines-ntell6tikui. 
SHIRT, n. 1st. Snazlk^it ; in comp. — alks. 
2d. I have a shirt on, Chines-nazl:k6it. 
3d. I put on a shirt, Chines-nazlkMti. 
4th. I put a shirt on him, les-nazlk^iten, nazlk^iten. 
5th. I wear that shirt, Ie8-nazlk6item, nazl-k^itemen. 
6th. 1 have no shirt, Ohin-nptlalks. 
7th. I pull off my shirt, Ohines-nptlalksi. 
SHOCK (of wheat, oats), n. Es-keik6i. 
I shock wheat, les-keik^iem. 
SHOE, w. 1st. In general, Kaeshin (lit. What the foot is stuck in), 

pi, Ka kaeshin. 
2d. Leather shoes, I-t'st^sshin. 
3d. Snow-shoes, Szeu6chshin. 
4lh. To make shoes, Chines-tk6shinmi. 
5th. To put on a pair of shoes, Chines-kakaeshinmi. 
6th. To wear a pair of shoes, Chin-kakaeshin. 

848 SHO 

7th. To pull off one's shoes, Chines-ptirpUsbinmL 

8th. To be without shoes, Chin-pttpttshin. 

9th. To put shoes on a fellow, les-kakaeshinim* 

10th. To wear that shoe, les-kaeshinminem. 

11th. To wear another's shoes, les-kakaeahipm^Hem. 

12th. To wear double shoes, overshoes, Chinoe-chgap^ushini. 

18th. To walk on snow-shoes, Chines-zeu^chshini^ 

14th. Horse-shoes, Ululim kaeshin, Kashiskdgao. 

15tb. To make embroidery on the shoes, les-chUkolchinahiniro, 

les-chilrkaichinshinim (the final chinshin refers to the upp^r 

part of the foot), 
SHOE, V. U les-kaeshinim. 

SHOOT, V. t. 1st. A person, animal, or anything, ies-tapim. 
2d, An arrow, ball, les-tapminem. 

3di To shoot at persons, animals, indefinite, Chine8-tap6l9ei, 
4th. To shoot arrows, balls, guns, indefinite, Chin-tapsk^ligui, 

5th. To shoot arrows by the hand, not by the bow, Ghines-ilmi. 
6th. To shoot branches, leaves, roots, les-kualim. S^e Ku^i, 
SHOP, n. Work house, Snk61emen. 
SHOEE, n. Ist. Properly the ground surrounding a lake, e^tream, 

2d. The bank of a river or lake, Sgazin ; in oopap. — zn^tikn. 
3d. To walk on the shore, Chines-gusgueszn^tikui. See Gui. 
4th. To stand on the shore, Chine8-nechsushzn6tikui, SeeEchsuisb. 
5th. To pull ashore, Ies-nzkuzin6tikum. See Zkum. 
6th. To go ashore, to land, Chines-nt6shilshi. 
SHORT, a. Ist, IS^ot long, Goigoez. 
2d. To cut short, les-goizem. 
3d. Short time, Lishe, Izen6, A short time ago, Izene, After a 

short time (fut.), Ne izen6. See Later, Ne G^i^ne, 
4th. Short in quantity, failing, KuHuint See Tuin. 
5th. Short in provisions, Ohin-ntunfep. 
6th. Short of cloth, Chin-ntunize. 
7th. Very near in time, Goetl6. 
8th. Very near in space, Chichet. 
9th. Sharp. See Sharp. 

10th. Siiort man, Jbkukuimdlko, pi. lizizim^lko. 
SHORT, SHORTS, n. Izich. 

SHO ^48 

SHORTEN, V. t les-goizem, les-gotim. 

SHORTNESS, w. Sgoiz. 

SHORTLY, adv. Izen6 ; (fut.) No izen6. 

SHOT, n. Ist. Lead shot, I-milmllko. 

2d. One shot, Nkokan^l. Two shots, Nasalkandl. Three shots, 

8d. Small shots, Sz'zim6le. 
SHOULDER, n. 1st. The top of it, Stichmi*k6it. 
2d. The right shoulder, S'ohzehfelenchst. 
3d. The left, S'chraeh^lenchst. 

4th. To put on his shoulder, Chines-ntkolk^iti, Ies-ntkol:k6itom, 
ntko^ki^itemen. I have that, carry that on my shoulder, " les- 
-ntkolk^item, ntkolk^iten." 
5th. To carry a log, a piece of wood on the shottlder, Chines-nchzl- 
k6iti. I carry that on my shoulder, " les-nchzlk^item, nchzl- 
k6itemen." I load hitn on the shoulder, " les-nchzlk^item, 
nchzlk^iten."' In comp., — Ik^it. 
6th. A leg of an animal, Szoshin. 
7th. Shoulder-hlade, Sgutl6nchst. 
SHOVE, V. t. imp. Zkudnt, 
SHOYBLj n. Ist. Nkal6ttk6it. 
2d. Of wood for shoveling the snow, Agom^chst. 
3d. For flour, wheat, iiumen. 
SHOYEL, V, t. Ist. Dirt, grain, les-npkum. 
2d. Snow, les-^gom. 

SHOUT, V, i, 1st. To excite soldiers in an onset, Chines-chil^mi, 
Ies-chil6mem, chil6men. • (It is done by Uttering a cry and 
striking one's mouth at the same time;) 
2d. For joy after battle, Chines-i(ili. 
3d. Over the dead, Ohine8-zo6ti. 
4th. By night calling women, Chines-npugpugulzei, Chines- 

5th. For joy in a dance, not of war, Chines-u6nshi. 
6th. In prayers to the sun, or otherwise, Chines-otini. 
7th. To surprise anyone, Chines-idgalze, les-i^gahi. 
SHOW, V, t. 1st. To exhibit an object to view, les-ko6nem. 
2d. To manifest, uncover, reveal, les-lakomim. 
3d. To teach, explain, Ies-m6iem. 
4th* To usher in, to guide^ les-iikum, les-guiilsem, les-nolgum. 

344 SID 

5th. To point out with the finger, ie8-z6kom. 

SHOWER, n. Es4chomchiini. 

SHRED, n. Es-tmdgan. 

SHRINK, V, L Ist. Chines-kazpmi, 

2d. My band is shrunk, Ghines-kau^chst. See Kan. 

3d. To recoil, Chines-enu^upi. 

SHRUB. See Bush. 

SHUFFLE, V, t. Cards, les-nka^usem. 

SHUN, V, t. 1st. les-goUuenem, les-nlun^lsem, Ies-ch^u6nein. See 

2d. To shun the sight of a person, Ies-m6nsem. 
SHUT, V. t, Ist. A door (not locking) of our houses, Ies-ko^:i«8he- 

2d. An Indian's lodge door, Ie8-kolink6lepeni. See Lock, Door, 

3d. A drawer (not locking), les-no^sem, no6semen. 
4th. A hole, a ditch, les-tk^pem. 
5th. An eye, Chines-nzipsi. 
6th. The mouth, Chines-irnduskani. 
7th. The hand, Chines-kaz^chsti. 

8th. One's ears with the fingers, Chines-ntk6nenzuti. See Deaf. 
9th. To shut out, Ies-koHnzenm4pem. 
SHY, a, Zeosh^men, Ngal6men (if for fear). 
SICK, a, Ist. Of persons, Chines-zulmi, Chines-chzal^lsi. 
2d. Of animals (rarely of people), Chines-u^iti. 
3d. Sick at heart, displeased, Zal ku ispuds. 
4th. To be sick of a ])er8on or thing, to be disgusted, les-chestemi- 

nem, Ies-nch6selsem. 
5th. Of any part of the body feeling sore, Z^leilt. 
SICKEN, V. t les-zalim. 

SICKENING, a. 1st. Provoking to vomit, Ch^lchilt. 
2d. Painful, sore, Zalzilt. 
SICKLE, n. Goizleguten. 

SICKLY, a. Chzalz6men, Uit^men, Es-tkutk61i, Es-chsuluilkan. 
SICKNESS, n. 1st. The being sick, Szal, S'chzal6l8. 
2d. The cause of sickness, Nzaltin. 
SIDE, n. 1st. Tlie part of the body about the ribs, S'cbit^Ize (from 

S'chut, and it means one side only, one part of the body). 

The extremity of the side, S'cheminiiit. See Chem. Both 

SID 345 

sides, S'ehemchemlrnidt. 
2d. In composition, the side ol a pei'son, or of a road, etc., is ren- 
dered by the affix — Iniiit. 
3d. The wound, hole in the side, SIgolniut. 
-Irth. 1 wound his side, Ies4goiniutem, or, les-lgo^u-l-tem lu s'ehi- 

t61zes. I pass his side through and through, [es-chi^6usem, 

or, les-chiz^uHem lu s'chit61zes. 
5th. I put my finger in his side, les-nlochistusem, or, les-nlochis- 

tiiltem lu s'chitelzes. I put my finger in the wound in his 

side, les-nlochistuHem lu stgolniuts. 
6th. I place my hand in his side, les-ntkausem, les-nl^uachsem \n 

slgolniuts, or, les-ntkaultem \u slgolniuts. 
7th. I strike him on the side, les-splniutem. 

8th. I stand by his side, by him, los-chechsuishem. vSee Echsuish. 
9th. I sit by his side, close to him, les-chl^akshilshem. 
10th. I stay, I dwell by his side, les-chemutem. In general the 

preposition ch prefixed to the verb gives it the meaning by the 

side, near by, not of the material rib side. 
11th. From side to side, through and through, rendered by the 

copulative verb in — 6us. 
12tb. To lay things down side by side, as flooring, Ies-ntkom6u- 

scm. See Abreast. 
13th. On the other side of a river, sea, Nisk6t. On that side, 

" L nisk6t.'' To that side, " Ch nisk6t." Prom that side, 

"Tel nisk6t." 

14th. This side of a river, Z'nteleele. On this side, " Jj zntele^le.'* 

To this side, " Ch zntele^le." From this side, *' Tel zntel- 

15th. This side of a mountain, Ztelehichen. 

16th. The other side of a mountain, Chtelehichem. 

17th. The other side of a valley, coulee, Chntelielze. 

18th. This side of a valley, Znteli61ze. 

I9th. On the other side of you, farther, Zi ch astchzii. 

20th. On this side of you. She 1 as-chitele61e. More towards here, 
le t's'chche^. 

2l8t. The right side, the left. See Eight, Left. 

22d. To take sides, to support, les-ngaztusem, les-chshinim, les- 

. 23d. To take sides against, to oppose, Je8-cheut68em. See Eutds. 
Ies-shemen6usem . 

346 SIG 

24th. The side of a river, lake. See Shore. 

SIEVE, n. Gokii6usten, Nz's^usten. 

SIFT, V. i, Ies-goku6u8era, les-nz's^usem. 

SIGH, V, I. Chines-pop^ulshi, Chines-pupus^nchi. 

SIGHT, n. Ist. Tlutludsten. The faculty of seeing, Nuchsk^Ii- 

2d. At my sight, under ray eyes, L is-chkutkutldsten, L is-miJ- 

3d. In the sight of God, Lu 1 s'chkutkutlustis Kolinzuten, hn I 

smilcheni^lsz Kolinziiten. 
4th. Long sighted, Chiuiuus. 
5th. Clear sighted, Chlkoko^-akos. See Lako. 
6th. Short sighted, I-chin-chkas6ul. 
7th. To lose the sight of an eye, Chines-chguep'psi (lit. One of my 

eyes is covered, spread on with cataract). 
8th. To lose the sight of both eyes, Chines-chgupgu6p'p8. 
9th. To recover sight, Chines-papagiisi {lit, lAj eyes are cured). 
10th. To lose sight of anything, Ies-o68inem. 
11th. To avoid the sight of a person, to turn away one's eyes from 

any object, les-m^nzem. 
SIGN, n. 1st. Inasmuch as it makes anything known, Chmiiten. 

See Mii. It refers promiscuously to the object signified, and 

to the person for whom it is intended. This will be your sign, 

by which you will know, or be known, *' Shei Iru akl-chmii- 


2d. Inasmuch as it makes anything recognizable, Chsuguten. See 

3d. The distinctive of persons, Chsugusk^liguten. 

4th. The distinctive of persons from one another, Chsugunueguten. 
Our respective names are the signs by which we are distin- 
guished from one another, " ^u kae-skusku^st sh^i \w kaekl- 

5th. The distinctive of a chief, Chilimigumten. 

6th. As an outward sign to mark, Chtechminten. See Chtechim. 

7th. As emblem, figure, resemblance, Kulsugumeten. See Figure, 

8th. To make signs, in general, Chines-kaimi. 

9th. To make signs with the hands, Chines-t^kai. 

10th. To make signs in any way representing what one meanS; 

Chin es-kolsiigumei . 

SIL 347 

11th. I make signs to him, les-kolsugum^shtem. 

12th. ^We make signs to each other (for good or bad ends), Kaes- 

13th. I put a sign on him, les-kaim, les-chtechim. See Mark, 

14th. To make signs with the eyes, Chines-t61si. 
SIG-T^ OF THE OEOSS, Ist/As it represents the cross, Kolsugu- 
TuMis eseim^us. 1 make the sign of the cross, I represent the 
cross, " les-kolsugumem in eseim^us." The cross is the sign 
of Christ, his flag, " Eseim^us lu chimiitis Jesu Kli." 
2d. As an image, figure taken from the cross, Skulrkaiis lu eseimdus. 

I point, express the cross, " Tes-kulkairn h\ eseim^us." 
3d. By placing the hand on ourselves. Chines taktakenzuti 1 esei- 

4:th. To bless oneself in the shape of the cross, Chines-chchaupilen- 

zuti 1 eseim^us. 
5th. To make the sign of the cross on an^'one, les-chch^upilem 1 
eseim^us, (I bless it with the cross.) 

These two last seem to answer best the general meaning of 
the sign of the cross. 
SIGN, V, t. les-kaim. 
SIGN (his own name), Chines-kainzuti. 
SIGNATURE, w. 1st. Kaiminten. 
2d. To affix his own signature, Chines-kaimi. 

3d. To affix his signature by touching the top of the pen, as In- 
dians do, Chines-ntak^ini (from Ies-tak6m, I Irj my hand on). 
SIGNIFY, V. t, 1st. By words, les-shizunem. Peter signifies rock, 

" Piel es-shizunems sshensh." 
2d. By actions or objects, les-kulsugumem. The rock signifies 

Christ, '^ T'sshensh es-kul^sdgumems Jesu Kli.*' 
3d. To express, manifest, Ies-m6iem, les-lakomim. 
SILENCE, w. Szchoop, Szh6izin. 
SILENCE, V, t. les-chopim. 

SILENCE, V. i. 1st. Not to speak, Chines-choopmi. 
2d. To cease, quit speaking, Chines-h6izini. 
SILENCE ! 1st. Speak not, Cho6psh, pi. Choopui. 
2d. Quit talking, H6izinsh, pi. Hdizinui. 

3d. To be still, I-tlilsh,p?. I-tlilui. The diiference, though small, 
sometimes is evident. A dumb man es-choopmi, does not 

848 SIN 

npeak ; a talker e8-h<5izini, when he quits his talk ; and the 

talker es-choopmi, because he does not actually talk. Yet we 

cannot say of a dumb man that hc^izin, he quitted talking. 
SILENT, a. I-cho6p, H6izin. 

SILENTLY, adv, Ist. With low voice, Chines-zusuilshi. 
2d. Not speaking, Chines-choopmi. 
3d. Secretly, L esu6kum. 

4th. To approach one silently, as a cat, Ies-on6tem. 
SILK, n. Laso^. 
SILLY, a, Ps^ie, I-koko6u. 
SILVER, ». I-pik ululim. 
SIMILAR. See Alike, Like, Same, As. 
SIMILITUDE, w. Ist. Parable as told, Chggumezinten. 
2d. As the similitude of the object intended, Kolsugum6ton. The 

parable of Christ is the parable of heaven, *< Chsgumezintis 

Jesu Kli kolsugumetis l:u t's'chchemaskat, or, es-kolsiiguraems 

\n s'chchemdskat." 
3d. For image. See Iraage^ Portrait. 
SIMPLE, a. I-chmish, I-sish. 
SIMULATE. See Feign. 
SIMULTANEOUS. See Together, With. 
vSIN, n. Ist. Lu t6ie. 
2d. My actual sin, Lu teie iszku^n, Lu iskuil teie. Thy sin, hu 

t6ie aszku6n, Lu askuil t6ie. His sin, Lu t6ie szkueis, hu 

skuil:t6ic, Lu nchestin. 
SIN, V. I, Ist. les-kun^m hi .t6ie, los-kolem lu t6ie, Ohinos-kuil- 

teiei, les-kunem \u nchestin. 
2d. I sin against him, les-kolshitem kn t't^ie, les-guizshtcm tHeic. 
ad. See Fault. 

SINNER, n. Lu cs-kuil teie, Lu konkonemul: 1 t6ie. 
SINCE, adv. Lu tel sh6i, 
SINCE, prep. Lu tel, Lu tel sh6i u. 
SINCE, conj. N^li. 
SINCERE, a. On^gu. 
SINFUL, a. Igt. Tainted with sin, Epl:es-chit6ko t'teie, Es-cbingu 

2d. Forbidden, S'chgaen6pile, Tas gest, T6ie, Ta8i6. 
SING, V. i. 1st. Chines-nkun6i (the old Indiai) prayerful soDgs^ 


SIN 849 

2cl. I sing for him, leB-nku^shtem. 

SING, V, t. Ist. les-nkun^m, leB-nkn^nzinem. 

2ci. To siDg the praises of. See Praise. 

SINGEE, w. Sgunkun6m,!NkukuDem^h The singer of. Nkun- 


SIINGLE, a. Ist. Only one, alone, impers* Ink6 ; pers, I-ehiniks. 

2ci. Unmarried (I am), i-ehin-chimish, 1-chin-tituit, Ta i6p s'chis- 

SINGLE, V, t, 1st. To choose, Chines-nko6ni. 

2d. To pick up one, Chines-kun6i. 

3d- To point out, Ies-z6kom. 

4tb. To distinguish from, les-sdgum. 

SlJiq^GLE TEEE, n. Chzdlkolt. 

8II^ISTEK, a. See Left^ Unfavorable. 

SIINK, V. L 1st. To fall through the law of gravity, Chines-kad- 
temi, ka^te. See.K^te. 

2d. To sink in water, Chines-nka^temi. 

3d. To enter deeply, Chines-nishilshi. See Ishut. 

4th. I sunk in my heart, Tk6ko iu ispuus. 

5th. I let it sink in my ear, Ies-ntkuku6nem (lit. I listen atten- 

6th. To be overwhelmed, depressed, Tkoko In ispuds, M^ut lu is- 
puus, Psap in ispuds, Chin-topspuus. 

7th. To fail in strength, Chines-zgupmi, Chin-zgup. 

8th. The river sinks, Es-uumi. 

9th. The bucket sinks under water, Es-ch8o6. 

10th. The thorns went and sank in the head of our Lord, and the 
like that go in out of sight, Es-no68i. 

SINE, V, t 1st. To weigh down anything, les-k^tera. 

2d. In water, les-nka^tem. 

3d. So as to be out of sight, Ies-no6sem. 

4th. To sink a pole in water, or the like, les-nz^kom, les-nza- 

5th. To sink a well, a shaft, les-nzikam. 

6th. To bring low, les-ishilshem. 

7tb. To reduce the quantity, les-topem. 

8th. To force upon, press, les-pizem. 

SINLESS, a, Ta ep^ es-ehit6ko ^u t't^ie, Ta ep+ esuiluilt, Ta ept 

esuelemszdt, Tas chindgugu \n t't^ie, Tas ehingunt^m t't^ie. 

Tas chitkont6m t't^ie. 

850 SKI 

SISTER, n, Ist. My sister (said by a man), I-sgusm^em, pL 1-sgu- 

p^lpilkui. This applies to a younger or elder sister. 
2d. My (man or woman's) elder sister, Inlchit'she. 
3d. My (man's) younger sister, In-zudps. 
4th. My (woman's) younger sister, In^zuzudps. 
5th. We are. sisters, Kae-zups6Iis. 
Bth. My (man's) sisters, I-sgup^lpilkui. 
7th. My (woman's) sisters, Inzups6Iis. 
8th. My (man's or woman's) sister, I-snkusigu. 
9th. My (man's or woman's; sisters, l-sinkuskusigo. 
10th. My wife's sister, I-sest^m. 
llth. My husband's sister, In-is'eh6u (sister-in-law). 
12th. My (man's) brother's wife, sister-in-law, I-sest^m. 
13th. My (woman's) brother's wife, In-is'ch6u. 
14th. Sister, of nuns, Ko^ilks 8me6m. Sister, Lz'zudps. 
SIT, V, i. Ist. On the floor (Indian style), Chines-I^kshilshi, pi 

2d. To sit on a chair, bench, or anything, Chines-chil^kalshenei, /)/. 

3d. To sit in a canoe, Chines-nl^kshilshi. 
4th. To sit by a person, at his side, les-chlakshilshem. 
5th. To sit in place of another, les-ntkalsh^lpem. 
SIX, num, pers. Cht^kan ; impers. T6kan. 
SIX-SHOOTEE, w. Takanchst^lze. 
SIXTEEN, num. 6pen-el:-tAkan ; pers. Ch6pen-eMikan. 
SIXTH, a. hn ks-tdkani. 
SIXTY, num. T4kanchl6pon. 

SIZE, n. Skutdnt. He is of the size of. , Ezagdl skutunt t 

SKEIN, spool, Chilidl st6paks. 

SKATE, V. i. Chines-chlp6kupi. 

SKELETON, n. Sk61igu. 

SKEPTICAL, a. Keikeius^men. 

SKETCH, n. Skulkaii. 

SKETCH, V. t. les-kulkaim. 

SKID, n. Kulutch^lemein. To place a skid under, les-kulutche- 

lem, kulutch^len. 
SKILFUL, a. Lu es-mist^s. 
SKIM, V. t. les-chilomdlem. See Mul. 
SKIMMEK, n. Chitemdlemen. 

SLB 861 

^K.IN, w. let. As on the animal, K6tite. 

5d. As taken off and tanned, Sipi. 

^d. T^ith hair, wool on, Spum, Spdmze, Sp^melgu. 

tth. Skin of fruit, eggs, potatoes, S'chehemize. 

3tb. Soft-dressed, I-lko6i^. 

3th. To dress a skin, hide. See Guikum, Koopim, Pshim. 

SKIN, V, t, les-guzira, les-chlsu^lgum. See Pare, Peel. 

SKUIiK, V. i. Chines-kulnkomisti. 

SKTJIjL, n. Kaman skull, Sk^ligukan. Bull's skull, Sz6^emkan. 

Beaver's skull, Skal6ukan. 
SKUIS^K, n. Gast^ie. 

SKY, n. Ist. S'chchemdskat. See Chem, Chnuist. 
2d. Sky-color, Chagal^skat. 
3d. Clear sky, Chgas^skat. 
4th. Cloudy sky, Es-hemip, Ch'hamp^skat. 
SLAB, n. The outside piece of a log sawed into lumber, Spiche- 

men, Chlk^ltich, Chilchemize. 
SLACK, a, 1st. Not tense, I-hau. 
2d. Remiss, weak, Tas ioi6t, Gopt. 
3d. To be slow in walking, Shept. 

SLACKEN, V, i, 1st. To become less tense^ Chines-hAumi. 
2d. To be remiss, Chin-gopt, Chines-go^i, Chin-shall, Chin-goptu- 

3d. To slacken the pace, Chin^sheptuilshi. 
4th. See Abate, Fall. 

SLACKEN, V. f. To make less tense, les-h4um. 
SLANDEE, V. t, Ies-chi6kom, Ie8-chi6kozinem. 
SLANDEK, n. S'chikohumsh. 
SLANDEKEE, n. Chikonziiten. 
SLANDEEOU&, a. Chikom^men. 

SLAP, V, t, les-tkum. 1 slap his face, les-tkodsem. See Tkum. 
SLATE, n. Ssh^nsh. 

SLAUGHTEE, v. t. See Butcher, Kill. 
8LAVE, w. 1st. Sku^ngan, Szui^lt. See Ui^lt, Kudngan. 
2d. I am a slave of whisky, les-z^kumem lu s^ulku (if I have it 
already) ; (if I have it not) les-zkukuminem lu' seulku. See 
SLED, sledge, sleigh, w. Ziilegu, Penpenulegu, Nzkumin, Nzkun- 



352 SLO 

SLEEP, V, i. Ist. Chines-itshi, /)/. Kaes-etitwhi. 

2d. Sleep with one, les-nkuletitshem. 

3d. Sleep by his side, les-chetitehem. 

4th. Sleep with face down, Chines-n^^kotdsi., 

5th. Sleep with face up, Chines-t'lkaltusi. 

6th. I cannot sleep, Chines-guaBsmi. 

7th. To lie down to sleep (though not sleeping), Chjnes-lkoilshi. 

SLEEP, n. Sitsh. 

SLEEPER, n. Et'sh^men, Chsefsh^men. 

SLEEPY, a. Es-ehesit'shi. 

1 feel sleepy, Chines-chesitshi. 

SLEET, n. SkuMt. 

SLEEVE, n. Spchst^gan. 

SLEIGH. See Sledge. 

SLEfGH-BELLS, n. Chipasduie. 

SLENDER, a. 1st. Lkak^iet. See Large. 

2d. Delicate, weak, l-ko6te. 

3d. Poor, Konkoint. 

4th. Small, ^kukuiume. 

SLICE, w. 1st. St61e, Sztel. See Telira. 

2d. To cut in slices, les-teltellm. 

SLIDE, V. L Chines-ko^pmi, Chines-koamenzuti. 

SLIGHT, V. t. les-tm^lsem, les-choinzdtem, Ta ies-azgam, les- 

-gum6l8em. See Guem, Tam, Oim. 
SLIME, w. Malt. 
SLING, n. Ist. For an arm, Skalp)rch61sh. I wear the arm in the 

slings " Chines-kalpl-ch^lsh." 
2d. To put a stone on the fling, les-nche^usem hi ^whensh 1 slpi, 

SLING (a colt, a calf) v, t. Es-g6nti. 
SLIP, V. L 1st. Inasmuch as the foot detaches itself from the 

ground, Chines-chilagkopshinrai. See Detach. Chn-chtk'h- 

pshin. See Tech. 
2d. To fall, Chines-tkokomi. 

3d. To err, mistake, Chines-selpmi, Ohin-selip. See Sel, Sil. 
SLIP, V. t ToMet go, lee-haum, les-ptt^chstem. 
SLIPPERY, a. I-06I, Lh^ko, I-lhakolegu, Chlokoieu. 
SLOPE, n. Shelshalt. 
SLOTH, w. Sgopt, Snuils^men. 


SMO . 868 

SLOTHFUL, a. Gopt, Nuils^men. 

SLiOW, a, 1st. Moving a small distance in a given time, Shept. 

2d. JNot hasty, thoughtful, KulpapagamM, Es-kulpagami. . 

3d.' That requires a long time, Kasip. 

-4th. Behind time, Groz^p. See Goezt. 

5th. To go slow, Chines-Jkukuietei, Chines-lguigusti. 

6th. To speak slow, Chine84kukui6zini. 

SliXJlCB, n. Tk^pten. 

SXiUSH. See Mud, Mire. 

SMALL, a. 1st. Not large in quantity or degree, iikukuiAme, pL 

Sz'zime. Its opposite is Kutunt. 
2d. Trivial, unimportant, I-tenemds. 
3d. Not long, Goigoezt. Its opposite is XJisshen. 
4th. Short in duration, Lish^, Izen6. Its opposite is Kasip. 
5th. Slender, Lkak^iet. Its opposite is L^kat. 
SMAET, a. 1st. Painful, Z^lzilt, Pizpizt. 

2d. Vigorous, Ioi6t, I-koiL 

3d. Worker, Guagudat. 

4th. Shrewd, PagpAgt. 

SMAET, 17. I. Chines-zalemi, Chines-pdzkoi, Ko-es-pizmstcm. 

SMASH, V. t 1st. To break in pieces, les-telim. 

2d. To crush, Ies46zem. 

SMEAK, V. t. See Besmear. 

SMELL, V. t. 1st. To try to smell (7?*r. flairer), Chines-sdurai. 

2d. To perceive by the nose, Chines-pgupnu61ni, les-pgupnuel^em, 

SMELL, V, i. To alfect the olfactory organs, Es-pgupmi, I-pug. 

SMELL, n. 1st. The odor emanating from any object, Spgup. 

2d. As it affects the nasal organs, Spugpdlk. 

3d. Having good smell, Ges^lka ; bad smell, Ches^lka. 

-tth. Water smelling, Inuku. 

SMELL-LESS, a, l-sish. 

SMELT. See Melt. 

SMILE, V. i, 1st. Chines-nt6msi. See Tom. Chines-loinzdti. 

2d. To smile at one, Ies-nt6msem, nt6msemen. 

3d. To look favorably, les-^zgam. 

SMITE. See Strike. 

SMITH, blacksmith, w. Sgutelololim. 

SMOKE, V. L 1st. Es-mo6ti. 



854 SNE 

2d. To smoke tobacco, Chines-menigui. See Pipe. 

3d. To smoke cigars, Chines-nshit^penei. 

4tb. Smoke house, Snm6lemen. 

SMOKE, V. t, 1st. Skins, les-pum, Chines-pumelgui. 

2d. To smoke beef (Indian style, cut in bliees and placed on sticks) 

3d. To smoke beef, pork, Chine8-mo6tlzei. 
4tb. To smoke the horses, for the purpose of driving the raos<|ai- 

toes away, Chines-mot'sk^gaei. 
SMOKEK, n, Menigu6men. 
SMOOTH, a. 1st. Not rough, I-06I. 
2d. Evenly spread, as smooth hair, Ichinchoolkan. 
3d. Smooth lake, sea, water, I-k6i. 
4th. Smooth temper, Kamk6mt. 
5th. Smooth talker, Chines-ko^:eguegukuni. 
6th. Smooth hair, ii^zkan 

7th. Smooth bed^ pillow. Lchch^p, iichchepil^gu. 
SMOOTH, V, t. Ist. Lumber and the like, Jes-6lem. See Plane. 
2d. To calm, les-kampim. 
3d. To calm a pain, les-meHm. See Me6h 
4th. To smooth the hair, Ies-16zem. 

5th. To smooth an article with the smoothing iron, les-pazem. 
SMOTHEK, V, t, Ist. Fire, les-l^psem. By throwing ashes on, 

2d. Smother with blankets, les-tkapdksera. Smothered, Tkapaks 
3d. See Suffocate. 
SMUTTY, a. Ist. Nko^ius. 
2d. Smutty wheat, Nkoiius spk^in. 
3d. Smutty language, S'checbezinmist. 
SNAIL, n. Tami6i, Skokollane,.Tlakan. 
SNAKE, n. Scheuilc. See Eattle. 

SNAP, V, i, 1st. To break at once, Ohines-toukami. See Break. 
2d. See Bite. 

3d. Snap of a whip, Tal^ku. 
SNAEE, n. Azmin. 
SNAEL, V, L Es-aimi. 

SNEAK, y. i, Chines-kulinkomisti. /' 

SNEEZE, V. I. Chines-f sooi. 


so 355 

8N I PE, n. Gauitgauit. 

SNOUE, V. L Chines-gokolksi. 

8XOUT, n. Speaks. 

SNOW, n. Ist. Sm6kot. Soft snow, Mkokoil. Wei snow, Sp'tUis. 

2d. To eat snow, Chines-gaukui. 

3d. Snow-shoes, Szeu^ehshin. 

4th- Snow-dritt. See Drift. 

5th. Srow bird, Lm^komkut. 

SNOW, V. i, 1st. Es-mgopmi. Of wet snow, Es-p'ttaisi. 

SNXJFF, w. Of toba(^!CO, Npokopokosinzdten. See P6ko. 

SNUFF, V. i. To use snufP, Chines-npokopokosinzdti. 

SNUFF, n. Of candle, ISTchaak^in. 

SNUFF, V. t. A candle with scissors, les-gotirn ; if by hands, les- 

-telim; Chines-lgotak6ini. 
SNUFF-BOX, n. Snpokopokosinzuten. 
SO, adv, 1st. Absolut^ and expletive, Shei. So he went off, She 

2d. In that way, Lshii u ezag^il. 
3d. In like manner, following as (the Latin sic, following sicuf), 

Lsh6i u ezag^il. 
4th. To such degree, Lsh^i u ezag^il ; but usually compounded with 
the adjective or verb following. He is so big, ** Lsh^i u eza- 
galskutunt.'* He loved me so, *^ Lsh6i u ko-ezagalsgamen- 
5th. In a high degree, v,g. He is so good, he is so very clever, is 

rendered by the substantive, Lu sgest, h\x spagp^gt. 
6th. In the same manner. I think so. Lsh^i u chines-nagal61si. 
So 1 speak, Lsh^i u chinez-egukuni. So I do, Lsh^i u ehin- 
7th. It is so, Lsh6i u ezag6il. May it be so, so be it, Lsh^i u kaeza- 

g6ili, K6mi ezag^il. 
8th. Let it be so, Lzii. 
9th. Therefore^ Gol sh6i, T'sh6i. He was struck, and so he died, 

'' P6l8tem u gol sh^i u tlil." 
10th. It is good. If he gives it to me, so ; if not, Fll take it, " Lu 

ne ko-guizHs, she gest; in ne ta, m-ku^n." 
11th. So ranch as, as much as, Lsh^i u ezag^il. He loved me so 
much as to die for me, " Lsh^i u ezageil ko-gam^nchis, tlil gol 

856 SOM 

SOAK, V, f, Ist. Clothes, les-ntk^tikum. 

2d. To drench, Jes-n^sem. 

SOAK, V, i. To sink, Es-nishilshi. 

SOAP, w. In general, Z^amen. For the face, toilet, Z^usten. 

SOCIETY, n. Association, Ntemmenu^guten. See Common. 

SOCK, w. For the foot, Nk6h*8hin. 

SODOMY, to practice, (man) Chines-koeumisti 1 isnkuskaltemigu ; 
(woman) Chin-ntaUus, Chines-koeumisti I isnkusrae^m. 

SOFT, a. Ist. iit^tim. 

2d. Soft skin, I-ko6p, I-l:kok6p. See Koopim. 

3d. Soft hair, velvet, I-che6p, I-tchche^p. See Oheepmi, Gentle, 

SOFT-HEAKTED, a. hUiim lu spuus, Gest \u spuds. 

SOFTEN, V. L Chines-Hetimuilshi, Es-kooprai, ko6p, Es-cheepmi, 

SOIL, V. t Ist. See Dirty, Stain, Defile, Mud. 

2d. Soil with blood, les-tlumem. See Tlum. 

3d. Soil with ordures, les-pz^m, pz'nt^n. 

4th. Ies-melra61ch8tem. 

SOILED CLOTHES, I-koai snazlkdit. 

SOIL, n. land. Malt. 

SOLDEK, n. M6tlemen. 

SOLDER, V. t Ies-m6tleraem. 

SOLDIER, w. Ist. Sgup61stu6gu, Sguilnu^gu, Sgutapenu6gu, Soitis. 

2d. As sheriff, Sgulchim, Sgukun^m. 

3d. Infantry, S61tis es-tkut61egu. 

4th. Cavalry, S6ltis es-chaiut^us. 

SOLE (of the foot), Snchemichnshin. 

SOLEMN, a. Kutunt. 

SOLEMNIZE, V. t. Kutdnt ie8-p6teem. 

SOLICIT, V. t. 1st. To evil, les-chi^m. 

2d. Solicit to start, Ies-g61:em. 

SOLID, a. Firm, Zenzdnt, Ioi6t. 

SOLILOQUIZE, V. L Chines-zuunzdti. 

SOLITARY, a. I-chilin^ks. 

SOLITUDE, w. Cho6ut, Chol^gu. 

SOME, a, 1st. A number or quantity greater or Jess, when follow- 
ing the verb to have, is rendered simply by prefixing ep to the 
substantive if expressed ; or ezagSil, if the noun is expressed. 

SON . 857 

1 have some money, " Chin-epl uluHm." Have you any cows ? 
'* A ku-ep stom^lten ?" I have some, ** Chin-epl ezag^il." 
2fd. When some follows an active verb it is rendered by t prefixed 
to the noun, if expressed, and then the verb is active indefin- 
ite (6, 7); if the noun is not expressed, prefix **ep^" to the 
verb, which then must be definite tranwtive (8, 9). 1 make 
some shoes, '* Chines-koli t kaeshin." I have made some 
(shoes), " Epl k61en." I make some shoes for him, " Ies-k61- 
shitem t klkaeshiis/' I made some (shoes) for him, " Ept kol- 
shiten." Have you killed any buffalo ? " A ku-p61sem t'sto- 
ma ?" I killed some, " Chin-epsp6l8, Epl-p61sten." 
3d. When it follows a verb which is not expressed use the same t 
prefixed to the substar^tive. For instance, an Indian coming 
in will say abruptly : T'smenigu, Some tobacco, Le. Give me 
some tobacco ; T'chpagamen, Some matches^ Le, Give me some 
matches. ^ It is understood, Ko-guizsht t'sm^nigu, etc. 
4th. A number or quantity greater or less when preceding the verb. 
Some are dead, " Epl tlil." Some are living yet, ** Che cpt 
gulgnilt." ; t 

5th. A certain individual not mentioned or not known, Chin^ks (if 

personal), Nko (if impersonal). See A, One. 
6th. Certain, those of this part, and those of that part, Ep. Some 
are good, some are bad, " E])l: gest, epl t6ie.'' 

7th. Not many more or less, about that, Te6. Some one, some one 
time, not much more, " Te6 nko." Some two more or less, 
" Te6 es^l." Sometimes, some, '' Te6 kuinsh.'' Some one, 
'' Te6 8u6t." See Te6. 

SOMEBODY, w. Te6 su6t 

SOMETHING, n. Te^ st6m. 

SOMETIME, adv. Ist. From time to time, Te6. I . will go some- 
time, " Te6 m-chin-gui." 

2d. In answer, I do not know how many, Te6 kuinsh. 

3d. Some time ago, I do not know when, Te6 pist6m. 

SOMEWHEEE, adv, Te6 chchen. 

SOMNAMBULIST, a. Es-k^isi. 

SOMNILOQUIST, a. Es-n'spsd. 

SON, n. 1st. Skuskuselt (until the age of puberty;, Skusee (after 

2d. Son, in general, vSgusigult. See Child. 


858 , aOR 

3d. The fii*8t-born, S'shitemishelt. 

4th. The middle one, S'keuselt. 

5th. The youngest, Steut^lt. 

6th. Whose son is he ? Ka6l-8u6t ? The son of Mary, Ka^l-Malie. 

See Kael. 
SONG, n. Ist. Ko6Iem, Snku^nzinten. 
2d. The singing, Snku^nzin. 
SOON, adv. Ist. In a shoit time, Ne-izen6, Ne-lish^ You must 

eorae soon, '^Ne-izen6 m-ku-elzgdi." He came soon, '* Ne- 

-izen^ she elzgdi. N.B. — In this second phrase the expression 

ne-izeni is future, and refers to another past action, to which 

the coming was subsequent or future. 
2d. Shortly after. See As soon as. 
3d. Without delay, Goetl6. 
4th. Early. See Early. 
5th. [ would sooner, I will soon, Ku pen gest. I will soon die 

than offend God, *' Ku pen gest chin-tlil, u ta iks-choinzutem 

6th. As soon as, immediately, (in the past) 1 — , (in the future) Ne 

i — . As soon as I saw him 1 recognized him, " I-uichten, a 

elsugun." I will recognize him as soon as I see hira, " Ne i- 

-uichten, m-el-sugun " (lit, I -liave only seen him and knew 

SOOT, n, Nkol^lze. 
SOOTY, a. Nkol61ze. 

SOOTHE, V, t, Ist. By blandishments, les-kol-eguegukunem. 
2d. To soften, assuage, les-nmeelrelsem. 
3d. To calm, Ies-kampH6m lu spuiisz. 
SOOTH-SAY, V. I. Chines-m6igai. 

SOPKANO, n, Nlkakak6inc (lit. He sings with a slender voice). 
SOKCEEEK, n. Es-tlekuilszuti. 
SOKE, a, 1st. Feeling pain, Chines-zalerai, chin-zal. 
2d. Giving pain, Z^lzilt. 
3d. Violent, oppressive, Pizpizt. 
4th. Sore eyes, Chin-chzazalus. See Zal. 
SOEE, n. Ist. A place on an animal where the skin is bruised, as 

by a hard saddle, tight shoes, Sptak. I have a sore, Chisi- 

2d. A boil, a running sore, Spozt. See Poz. 


J I 

sou 869 

N.B. — 1 am sore, I-chin-zal. 1 hare a sore, Chines pozt (if 

tbero be matter forming). I have a sore, Chin-ptaka (if only 

the skin is bruised and pains). 1 am sore at heart, sorry, 

Chin-pupu8^nch, Zal \u i-spuus. 

SORREL HORSE, l-p6gu. 

SOHHOW, n. 1st. The being sorry, Spupus6neh, Snigupels. See 

2d. What gives sorrow, Npupus^uchten. The soitow of the B. V., 

** hu npupusenehtis Mali.'' 
3d. What one is sorry for, Chpupus^nchten. 
SORROW, V. i. Chincs-pupus^nchi, Zal ku ispuds. See Repent. 
SORROWFUL, a. Ist. Full of pain, E8-pupus6nchi. 
2d. Giving sorrow, Npupusenchten, Iguiugt. 
SORRY, a. Ist. Grieved, Chines-pupus^nchi, Chines-nigup^lsi. 
2d. Poor man, Konkoint. 

SORT, kind, n, N — ^ksem. One sort, Es-nkoaksem. Two sorts, 
Es-nasl^ksem. All sorts, Es-niaksenu Bverj^ sort, Es-nagal- 
SOUL, n. 1st. Sngap6us. See Gap. 
2d. Spirit, Spagpagt, Nkulpagaminten. 
3d. What makes one alive, Ngulguilten. 
4th. A human being, Sk61igu. 
SOULLESS, a. Ta ep spuiis. 
SOUND, a. 1st. Whole, healthy, I-guil, Gulil. 
2d. Nothing was left sound, Ta che epl es-gak. See Gak. 
3d. Perfect, Gest. 
4th. Heavy, Ioi6t. 
5th. Sound doctrine, Onifegu. 
6th. Right, I-tog. 
SOUND, w. The perception perceived by the ear, 1st. Of a bell, 

2d. As of striking the foot on the floor, I-p4u. 
fid. A harder one than the previous, 1-ch^hu, 
4th. Of a clock, I-chauch^u. 
5th. Of rubbing the feet on a floor, I-shiich. 
6th. Of a chair rubbing on a floor, I-ika. 
7th. Of rubbing dry paper in the hand, I-log. 
8th. Of iron falling on a floor in the house, I-lai. 
9th. Of iron falling outside, I-l6ko. 

860 SPB 

10th. Of wet rags, etc., falling on the gi-ound, 14aku. 

SOUND, V. t. To exanftine, les-ko^nein'in. 

SOUP, n. let. Bread soup, E8-nteltel6tiku (Jit. Cat in the water). 

2d. Sgas^tiku. 

SOUK, a, Ist. Acid, I-z6ol. 

2d. Hard temper, Chines-chgut't^lei. See Gut't. 

3d. Unripe^ E8-g6iu. 

SOUTH, n. l8t. Sfsh^lk. 

2d. South wind, Es-zhalkai. 

SOYEKEIGN, n. Uimigum. 

SOYEKEIGN, a. Ee-nshiizin. 

SOW, n. Smdmshin npelpelk^ks. 

SOW, V. t, Ie8-pk6m, Ie8'Chilpk6m (I sow the grain). 

2d. To sow the field, Ie8-pk61egum, Chines-pkAlegui. 

3d. To cultivate a farm, les-kolkam. 

SOW, V. i, Ist. Chine8-pk61egui. 

2d. The grain is sowing, Pk6ko. 

SPACIOUS, a. 1st. Land, Kutendlegu. 

2d. Boom, Kuten^lgu. 

SPADE, n. Nkalotlk^in. 

SPAN, n. Of horses, Zkumin. 

SPAN, V. t Ist. To measure^ les-sdgumem. 

2d. To span over, Ies-ngal6usem, les-nchiz^usem, les-pneusem. 

SPANISH, a. Spay6. 

SPANK, V, t. les-tkutku^pilem. 

SPAKE, V, t, 1st. To hold as scarce and valuable, not to consume 

it, les-n^mem. 
2d. To part with reluctantly, Ies-k6igtera. 
3d. To save from danger, les-gulguiltem. 
4th. To forbear to inflict punishment, les-nkonneminem. 
SPARING, a. N^mnemt. See Saving. 
SPARK, w. I-ziku, pi Ziziiku. 
SPARKLE, V. i. Es-guulemi. 

SPATTER. See Bespatter. < 

SPAWN, w. :Bkum. 
SPEAK, V. i. Ist. To utter words, Chines-ueulshi, Chines-k< 

2d. To address, Cbines-kolko61ti. 
3d. To converse, Chines-kamkamilshi. 



SPE 361 

4th. To mention, pronounce something, les-aum. 
5th. To say, Chines-zuti. 

6th . I speak to him, Ie8-kolku61tem, kolkodlsten. 
7th. I speak of him, les-ehskolkoeltem, chskolko61temen. 
8th. I say to him, Ies-z{inem. I spoke to him and said, " Kolko6l- 
sten u zun." I spoke to you and said to you, *^ Kolko^lste- 
men u zdnzin." 
9th. I speak low, Chines-tkukui^zini. 
10th. I speak loud, Chines-ntlagzinl, Chines-ait'zini. 
11th. I speak well, Chines-ngeszini. 
12th. I speak bad, Chines-cheszini. 
13tb. I spe'ak immodestly. Chines-ehechezinmisti. 
14th. To speak wisely, Chines-npagpagzini. 
15th. To speak in anger, Chines-namtemtzini. See Aimt. 
16th. I speak to him in anger, les-namtzinem, Jes-naimtkanem, 

les-naipk^inem, les-aipzinem. 
17th. To speak quietly, Chines-nkamkamzini. 
18th. To speak troublesome, Chines-nmezinemisti. 
19th. To speak lying, Ohines-nikoikozini. 
20th. I speak English, like the Americans, Chines-nsuipzini. 
2l8t. I speak the Crow language, Chines-nt6mchishzini. 
22d. T speak the Blackfoot, Chines-nchkueishzini. 
23d. I speak serious, Chines-nsesezini. 
24th. I speak in fun, Chine8-np6spszini, Chines-posz^ni. 
25th. ] stop speaking, Chines-hoizini. 
26th. I do not speak, Chines-chopmi. 
27th. I speak one word, Chines-nkozini. 
28th. 1 speak the last word, Chines-zeutzini. 
29th. To speak clear, Chines-nlakozini, Chines-ngalzinl. 
30th. I cannot speak, Ta chis-niozin. 

SPEAK, v. /. 1st. To a y)erson, Ies-kolko61tem, kolkoelsten. 
2d. Speak this or that, les-kolku^ltem, kolko^ltemcn. 
3d. To pronounce, les-aurn. 
4th. To proclaim, Ies4akomim. 
5th. To proclaim aloud, les-lakozinem. 
6th. To speak by signs, Chines-t^kai, Chines-tkalsechsti. 
7th. To speak to him, Ies-nshu61zinem. 

SPEAKEK, n. 1st. Capable of speaking, not dumb, Es-kolko^lti, 

362 SPI 

2d. The one who has the office of haranguing, Sgukolko^It, Sgu- 

3d. The mouth-piece of others, Sgukolkoelt. 
4th. A talker, Kolkolidt. 

5th. The one that addresses, lectures me, In-kolkolszuten. 
SPEAK, n. Smulemen. 

SPEAK, V, t. les-ilim. To spear fish in the back, les-nililichinem. 
SPECIFY, V. t les-aum. 

SPECTACLE, n. 1st. Object to be looked at, JS^^zgaten. 
2d. Spectacles, pL Nshinshindsten, Chshinshinusten (lit. What is 

patched over the eyes). 
SPECTATOK, n. Sgu^zgam, Azganzuten. 
SPEECH, n. 1st. The faculty of speaking, Nueulshten, Nkolko- 

2d. The act of speaking, what is spoken, Sueulsh, Skolkoeit, 8zu- 

6ulsh, Szolko^lt, Szn^uka. 
3d. A particular language, Tiguzch, Nkolku^lten. 
SPEED, V. i. To make haste, Chines-goetl^chsti, Chines-uaiuisti, 

SPEED, V. t. See Hurry. 
SPEED, n. Stlagt. 
SPELL, V. t. les-au^um. 

SPEND, V, t. 1st. To give money, les-guizshem. 
2d. To consume, to waste, Ies-amn6nem. See Aam. 
SPEKM. See Seed, Spawn. 
SPHBKE, n. 1st. Globe, I-milko. 
2d. Sphere of action, Nk61emen. 
SPIDEK, w. S^'heiten, Tupen. 
SPIKE, n. Pitkumen, Lpgomin. 
SPILL, V. t, les-sigum, siguraen. 
SPILL, y. i. To go spilled, Sigugu. 
SPIN, V, i. Chine8-t6pi, Chines-keili, Chines-migoi. 
SPINE, n. Ist. The dorsal spine, Asgam. 
2d. At the loins, S'chem^us. 
3d. Sore spine, Chines-zalasgami. 
4th. Dislocated spine at the loins, Chin-malkueus. 
5th. See Thorn. 
SPIKAL, a, E8-ilu6is. 
SPIKIT, 71. 1st. The breath, Npopeulshten. 

SPO 363 

2d. Soul, Sngapeus. 

3d. Spiritual substance, Spagpagt. 

4th. Ghosts, Temtemn^i. 

oth. Ijiveiy, Koflkolt. 

6th. Spirituous liquor, Nko6uten, Seme seulku. 

SPIHITUAL, a, Pagp^gt ; yet no word of this language is known 

to answer it. 
SPIT, V. t. To roast on a spit, Cliines-kolfelzei. 
SPIT, n. Nkol61zeten. 
SPIT, V, i. 1st, Chines-ptt4goi. 
2d. To spit upon one, les-pttagom, pttagon. 
SPIT, n. Spttdgo. 

SPITE, V. t, 1st. To hate one, les-aaimem. 

2d. To treat him spitefully, for spite, les-chzgo^chsem (lit. 1 do it 
to him purposely). 

SPIjASH, V, i, Ist. The water, les-lakom. 

2d. To splash water in, les-nilakom. 

8d. To throw water on, les-chil^kom. 

SPLEEN, w. Helipe. 

SPLENDOR, w. Spe^gu. 

SPLICE, V. t, les-naz6usem. 

SPLINTER, n. For a leg, Chgalshintin. 

SPLINT, ??. f. 1st. les-s^gora, Ies-sk6ra, les-nskeusem. 

2d. To break violently, les-telim. See Rend, Break. 

3d. To divide the hearts, Ies-goko6usem, les-gokdm. 

SPLIT, V, L 1st. Es-kaprai, Es-telpmi. 

2d. Split in two, asunder, Chines-nskai^feusi, Chines-ntelp6u«i. 

3d. To separate, Chines-gokop^usi. 

4th. To crack by shrinkage, Es-uigti. See Crack. 

SPLITTER, wood-splitter, n, Sgus^gom. 

SPOIL, v. t, 1st. To despoil of his goods, les-nakom, les-chz's^I- 

2d. To waste, les-kolgo^riem. 

3d. To hurt. See Hurt. 

SPOKES (of a wagon), Chzelalkoten, Chsht^lkoten. 
SPOKESMAN, n. Sgukolko^lt. 
SPONGE, n. Snkuskuspfilegu. 

SPONTANEOUSLY, adv. 1 do it spontaneously, I-spuus, l-sz- 
chz6go, I-szntels. 

364 SPK 

SPOOL (of thread), Chili^t-8t6pak8. 

SPOON, n. hixmeu. Small spoon, {jiilmen. 

One tea spoonful, NkueWdlemen. 

SPOKT, V, i, Chines-memszuti, (if by words) Chines-poszani. 

SPOT, n. Ist. A stain, Epl: es-chitdko, Es-chiogu 

2d, Spot on a person's character, Suiluilt, Sulemenzut. See Uil. 

3d. Small part of different color, Es-kaidlgu. 

4th. A small place, I-nk61egu. 

SPOT, y. t, Ist. To make visible marks with foreign matter, les- 

2d. To stain, Ies-chtk6m, les-chngiim. 

SPOTLESS, a. I-guku, Ta epl es-chit6ko, Ta ept es-uiluilt. 

SPOTTED, a. Es-kai61gu. 

SPOUSE, n. Snkuikol, Snkulkdlil. This second is more correct. 

SPOUSE, V. t les-nkulkol'lem, nkul^koriemen. I spouse thee 
(said reciprocally by man or woman), "Nkul^kol'lemenzin" 
(lit, I have thee made, sacramented, with me). 

SPOUT See Spirt. 

SPKAWL. See Crawl. 

SPEEAD, V. t. 1st. To extend, expand, Jes-gu^pem. 

2d. To spread an article in order to cover, to spread down, to 
spread over, les-i6lgum. See Cover. 

3d. To spread out branches (of the tree), Es-chkual6cbsti. 

4th. To divulge, les-mimiim, les-mimishituegum. 

5th. To propagate, les-milkomim, Ies-milkon\\nem. 

6th. To spread wheat, fish, les-pil^em. 

7th. To. spread manure, Chines-liuti. 

8th. To spread the table-cloth, les-chitgudpem. 

9th. To spread a table with viands, les-zkto, les-selim, les-chil- 
zk^ra, Ics-chilselim. See Zak, Selim. He spread me a nice 
table, " T gest u ko-chil-selshitem " (if several dishes are 
served) ; *' T gest u ko-chilzkashitem '* (if only one dish is 

SPEEAD, V, i. Ist. To get extended, expanded, Guep'p. 

2d. To spread out as branches, Es-kual6chsti. 

3d. To be made known as news, Mimishitu^gumentem. 

4th. To be propagated as fire, Es-melkomi, melluku. See Commu- 

SPEING, V, L 1st. To jump, Chines-telkapenzuti. 

SPY 865 

2d. To issue. See Issue. 

3d. To shoot qp, Es-tl^eh'chi. 

4th. To originate, Ghines-kualemi, Chines-kdlil. 

5th. To spring at, les-chgutpipinem. 

SPRING, n. 1st. The season, Skepz, Tiimulegu. 

2d. To go to spring hunting, Chines-uikali&ei. 

vSPRING, n. Fountain, Es-ozkaikui. 

SPRING, n. See Cause. 

SPRINKLE, V. t, 1st. To throw some drops of water, Ies4nim. 
See <Lin. 

2d- To wet and soften the ground with water, Jes-temim. 

3d. To water by sprinkling, or splashing, les-Iakom. 

4th. To sprinkle water on a floor, les-chill^kom. 

5th. Among plants, les-nlakousem. 

6th. Ashes, les-pkom. 

7th. To sprinkle ashes on the head, Chines-chpkokeini ; on oneself, 

SPROUT, V, L 1st. From one seed, to stool, Es-tkops. 

2d. Sprout from one plant', Es-chshtenk^in (said of several ears). 

3d. Sprouting of cabbages, Es-nehe^lis. 

SPRUCE, n. Ko^lzen, Maninip. 

SPUR, n. 1st. Koltelkanchskaga6ten. 

2d. Spur of a cock, Zelapeshin. 

SPUR, V. t. Ist. I spur his horse, les-koltelkanchiskagaem. 

2d. I spur that horse, les-koltelkfenchem. 

3d. I spur a horse, Chines-koltelkanchisk^gaei (lit. I kick the horse 

in the belly). Usually in the iterative, Chines-kolteltelkan- 

chisk^gaei. See Telk6m. 

4th. To urge, les-koilchstem, les-koimchstem. 

SPURIOUS. See Bastard. 

SPURN, V. t. To reject with contempt, les-tmalsem, les-t^mem. 

SPURT, spirt, v. t. les-pzam. See Pzam, Paz, Piz, Squeeze. 

SPY, V, t, Ist. To gain sight of, les-tuichem. 

2d. To discover after searching for, les-uchnunem, les-mipenu- 

3d. To see, les-uichem. 

4th. To look at, explore, les-azgam. 

5th. To examine by curiosity or office, les-koenmem. 

SPY, n. Ist. One who keeps a constant watch on others, Konkon'- 
memut 1 sk^ligu, Sguko6nem. 

366 SQU 

2d. One spying what people talk, Nkon'mezisk^ligu. 

3d. My spy, one that spies my actions, fn-koenmenzuten. 

4th. One who looks at something, SguAzgam. 

5th. My spy, he that I appointed to look, I-sgu^zgam. 

6th. My spy, he that looks at me, In-azganzfiten. 

7th. Spy in time of war, to prevent surprises by enemies, Sguch- 

8th. Spy as sent to the enem3^'s camp to observe, Sguazgam. 
9th. Spy as reporter of people's doings, Mimimdl. 
SQUALLY, a. Neutdlegu. 
SQUANDEE, v. f. les-z'spnunem, les-guizshem i-ltenemus, les- 

SQUAEE, n. Four sides, Mus'lko. 
SQUARE, w. For carpenters, Sugum^ten. 
SQUARE, a. 1st. Honest, I-tog. 
2d. Exact, 1-potu sh6i. 

SQUARE, V, t. 1st. Logs, Chines-chshl^lkoi. 
2d. To compare with, les-chsugumem. • 
3d. To adjust, les-tgomim, les-shitHm, les-shitlpnunera. 
SQUASH, n. Skdligukan. 
SQUASH, V, t. les-lozem. 

SQUAT, ?;. «. To sit on one's heels, Chines-ldkshilshi. 
SQUAW, n. Sk^ligu sme^m. Squaw man, Pusk^ligu. 
SQUEEZE, V. t 1st. To wring, Ies-ko6m. 
2d. To pinch. See Pinch. 

3d. To squeeze juice out of fruits in the hands, les-ipem. 
4th. To smash, res46zem. 

5th. To press between two bodies, to stick it in, les-nka^m. 
6th. To press, embrace closely, les-zdnem. 
7th.' To oppress, to press down, les-chilzenm^nem. 
8th. To squeeze out liquids, les-pizkum. See Piz. 
9th. To squeeze out water from the mouth on the hands, GhincH- 

-pzko^chsti. ^ 

lOth. To squeeze the hand in friendship, les-chinechsem. See 

SQUEEZE, V, i. Ist. Oneself through a crowd, Chines-nkaemus- 

zuti, Chines-nkaem^usi. 
2d. T am squeezed between, Chines-nkaeus. 
SQUINT-EYED, a, Es-chpelpelchus. 


STA 367 

SQUIEHEL, n, Ist. Ground squirrel, Kukuzu6ge, Zishehe. 

2d. Wood squirrel, Iszche, Is'chche. 

SQUIKT. See Spirt. 

STAB, V, t. 1st. With an iron weapon, les-hium, Ohines-hielzei. 

2d. With a wooden pointed tool, les-ilini. 

STABLE, a. See Firm. 

STABLE, n. Ist. Sntepieutskaga^ten. 

2d. For cattle, Zitgus stora^. 

STABLE, V. t. Ie8-n6^gum. 

STACK, w. Es-tak. 

STACK, V, L Ies-tak6m. 

STAFF, n. cane, Nzku^chsten. 

STAG, w. Ist Male deer, Sgole. 

2d. Male elk, T'shez. 

STAGE, n. 1st. coach, G61ko. 

2d. To pay for one*s passage in the stage, Chines-chtkupleniisti, 


STAGGER, V, L Es-pelpilem. 

STAGNANT- WATER, a. I-k6iku. 

STAIN, V, t, 1st. To make foul, les-chengum t't^ie, i-t'koai ; les- 
-chtk6m t't6ie, i-t*i<oai. See Cheng, Tkom. 

2d. I am stained, Chin-epV es-(jhit6ko t*teie, i-t*koai ; Chines-chingu 

3d. I find myself stained, les chenguminem \u. t6ie. 

4th. I got stained. Chin-chin ugugu lu t't6ie. 

5th. I stain my soul, les-chengiini lu i-sengap^us t'teie, les-chtkdm 

hi i-sengap^us t'teie. 
6th. I stain his-soul, les-chengultdm lu sengapeusz t'teie, les-cht- 

koH^m lu sengapeusz t*t6ie. 
7th. The conception of Mary was not stained by sin, Lu szntkokos 

Mali tas chtkolt6m t'teie, Lu szntkolios Mali ta epl eft-chit6ko 


8th. To color. See Color, Dye, Paint, Blacken, Soil. 

9th. To stain with blood. See Tlum. 

STAIN, n. 1st. SY-hitoko, S'chingu t*t6ie, t'koai. I have a stain, 
** Chin-epl es-chitoko i-t'ko^i.*' 

2d. ('ause of reproach, Tfeie, Nzeshtin. 

3d. See Fault. . 

STAINLESS, a. Ta epl es-chitoko tH6ie, Tas chingu fteie, Tas 
chindgugCi t'teie. 


368 STA 

STAIRCASE, n. Snehinlshten. 

STAKE, n, Ist. Pole planted in the ground, Es-nshitolegu, pi. Es- 

2d. Wagers, Gezgez, Gazgazminten. 
3d. Danger. See Danger. 
STAKE, r. t Ist. To prop up. See Prop. 
2d. To stake a horse on the prairie, les-azdlegum. 
3d. To st*»ke a horse in a field, enclosure, les-naztilegutii. 
4th. To wager, les-gazgazminem. 
5th. To stake out land, les-kaim, Chines-kaiAlegui. 
STALK, V, t, les-eu6tem. 
STALT, V, i. In the mire, Chines-nka^tmi. 
STALLION, n. See Horse. 
STAMMER, n. Chines-ntiligulzeenziiti. 
STAMP, V. t, 1st. To stamp the ground, Chines-telkami. 
2d. To impress an object with a mark, les-kaim. See Brand, 

3d. To impress a mark on the object, les-kulkaim. 
4th. To print. See Print. 
5th. To stamp a letter, les-shnim. 

STAMP, n. 1st. As it is on the object stamped, Kaimin. 
2d. As it stamps, Kaiminten. 
3d. As it represents something, Skn^kaii. 
4th. The impression left on an object, Es-zuziiu. 
5th. The object represented in the impression, Es-kul^zuu. 
6th. Postage stamp, etc., Kaiminten. 
7th. An instrument for stamping, Kaiminten. 
STAND, V i, 1st. To be standing, on his feet, Chines-echsuishi, />/. 

Kaes-tpi6uti, pi. red, Kaes-tptpi6uti. 
2d. To rise up to a standing position, Chines-t^shilshi, pi. Kaes- 

-tpipmi. See Rise. 
3d. Of animals sparsely standing, Koago, K'^^go^ut. 
4th. Of animals rising up to stand, Es-ko6gome. 
5th. To stop, Chines-tlpmi. 

6th. To stand against, Ies-chns*chtusem. See Against. 
7th. To stand by the side of, les-chechsuishem. 
8th. To stand by. to take the part ot, les-ngaztusem. 
STAND, r. f. Ist. Endure, resist, les-niu^lsem. 
2d. To offer resistance, les-cheutusem. 


STA 869 

STAND AKD, n. Ist. Flag with colors, S'cbazeus. 

2d. Ruling, Sugum^ten. 

8d. Model, N^zgaton. 

STAR, n. Ist. Kukdsem. 

2d. Big star, Chkutenus. 

3d. Sraall star, Chlkiikuinaiis. 

4th. Polar star^ Smgeicbiniisk&t. 

5th. Morning star, Es-kolaz'xinziit. 

6th. Shooting stars, Es-chsapshilshi la kukiisera. 

STARE, V. t. les-chkaspiisem. 

STARLING, blackbird, n. THchtt^ch, 

START, V. i. 1st. To be surprised, Chin-kassds. 

2d. To back, Chines-en u^upi. 

8d. The guns start, ^gopinch, £igop \\x sololominch. 

4th. To start on a journey, Chines-imshi. 

5th. To be going, filing away, as an Indian camp, Kom^pem. 

6th. To go away, Chines-guisti. 

7th. To start after, les-ngiiiem, 

8th. To start up. See Rise. 

START, V, t, 1st To startle, to excite by surprise, les-kuss^sem, 

2d. To make go, les-guiem, les-guistem, l^s-imshem. 

3d. To startle a man by an unexpected cry, les-i^gam. 

STARVATION, n. Skam^lten. 

STARVE, V. L Chines-chiskam^lteni* 

STARVE, V, t. 1st. les-chskameltenem. 

2d. Starve oneself purposely, Chines-chskamentenzuti. 

STATE, V. t. To relate the particulars, Ies-4um, les-mimishitem, 

STATION, n. Place of residence, Snlziiten, Snemuten, Sntkotin. 

STATION, V. t les-Ukshilshemj les-tkom. 

STATUE, n. Skolkaii, Sk61il. 

STAY, V. L 1st. See Remain, Dwell, Rest. 

2d. I stay at home, Chines-emiiti, Chines-nemt^lgui^ 

3d. I stay here, lel^e u chin-ielde, I-chin-el^e. 

4th I stay there, Chines-lzii^ 

5th. We stay together, Kaes-ai^uti. 

6th. I stay with him, by him, les-chemiitem, les-chlziim* 

7th. I stay with him in the same place, les-nkullziim, les-nkui^e- 
miltem (lit, I have him remaining with me, he remains with 

870 sn 

STAY, V, t, let. To hold from proceeding, les-ku^stem. 

2d. To stop, les-tlpim. 

3d. To hinder, les-geenim. 

4th. To delay, les-koltk^m. 

STAY, n. Semdt, Sl^kshilshi, Slzii. 

STEAD. See Instead, Substitute, Succeed. 

STEADFAST, a. Zenz^nt. See Constant, Firm. 

STEAL, r. t. Ist. les-n^koni. See Plunder. 

2d. To steal away oneself, Chines-nkomisti, Chines-kulnkomisti, 

Chines-gutpmi, Chines-telkomi. 
STEAL, V, L Chines-nakoi. 
STEALTHILY, adv. Losu^kum. 

STEAM (of boiling water), n. Sp'ug, Sguul. See Evaporate. 
STEAM-BOAT, Solshi tli^e. 

STEEL, V. t. To make hard, les-tlizim, les-t'sapnunem. 
STEEL TRAP, n. Azminten. 
FIEE STEEL, Zichten. 
STEEP, V. t les-nku^lem, les-ntkodtikdm. 
STEEP, a. Shlsh^lt. 
STEEPLE, n. Snloliulshten. 
STEER, n. Szulem. 
STEER, V. t Ist. les-tgomim. 

2d. Steer a horse, les-ntgomusem. *^' 

3d. Steer a boat. See Boat. 
4th. Steer oneself, Chines-tgomenzdti. 
STEM, n. The body of a tree, Skaltchalko, SI(3kolko. 
STEM, V, t. To oppose, cheek, les-tlpim. 
STEP, V, I, Chines-chgu^lshini. 
STEP, n. One step, N'ko6pu8tchen,*Nkuepu^t'shin. 
STEP CHILD, n. Slu^lt. 
STEP FATHER, step mother, n. Lu^sten. 
STERILE, a, Chstm^It. 

STERN, n. The hind part of a boat, Sz^pstgu. See Boat. 
STERN, a. See Serious. 
STICK, n. 1st. A piece of wood, Luku. 
2d. A cane, Nzku6chsten. 
3d. Anything like a stick, wood or iron, or candy, rendered bj 

the final — Alko. One stick, " NkoAlko.'* Two sticks, " Asl- 


i I 

STI 871 

4th. To pick up sticks of wood, Chines-chmchm^slkupi. 

STICK, V. t, Ist. To place aBything like a stick in any object, les- 

2d. To plant in the ground, les-shitiin, ;?Z. les-zelim. 
3d. To stick in by poking with some violence, les-ka^iiQ, l6s- 

4th. To stick a pin, to fasten with a pin, les-utch^lem, 
5th. To pierce. See Pierce. 
6th. To attach with glue, Ies-zpak6m, les-zpakdusem. See Attach, 

HTICK, V. L 1st. E«-zpakami. 
3d. It sticks on, Es-chzpakami. 
?d. They stick together, Es-nzpak^usi. 
4th. To stick to anything, Ies-ku6stein ; or with the continuate 

analogous verb. Stick to prayer, " Es*ku6sku \\i ncbaunaen,'' 

or, '' Es ch^uish." 
5th. To be stopped, to stick in the mud, Chin-nkadte. 
6th. To be firmly stuck in a hole, Chines-nka^. See Ka6. 
7th. To be attached to one until death, les-kapim. 
%th. To be attached to an object, Ies-k6igtem. ' 

9th. To stick at, hesitate, les-iaaminem. 
10th. To stick by, Ohines-cbaaz 1 , les-shinim^ Chines-ahinin- 

zuti 1 ,. les-kapim. 

STIFF, a. 1st. 1-tlag. 

2d. Stiff by hard work, Chines-tuchemi, Chin-tuich. 

3d. Hard, unbending, Tlizt. 

4th. Not liquid, not too thick, as the paste is stiff, I-zupe. 

5th. My legs are stiff by hard work, Ghines-azazlshinmi. 

STIFFEN, V. L Chines-tlagpmi, Chines-tuchmi, Chines-tlizmi, Ghi- 

STIGMA, n. Mark made with a red hot iron, Spiga. See Piga. 
STILL. See Quiet. 
STILL, adv, Ist. Ghe6. 
2d. Notwithstanding, Ku, U. 
STILL-BOKN, a. Ntell^lt. See Tlikmi. 

STILTS, n. pi. Ngusguisten. I walk on stilts, phines-ngusguisti. 
STIMULATE, v. t, les-koilzinem, les-koilchstem, les-koimch- 

STING, V. t, les-luum, les-ptkum, Ghines-tu^lzei, Ghines-ptku6lzci. 

872 STO 

The former means to penetrate by a sharp instrament, the 
latter does not inolode the perforation. 

STINGY, a. leiukue. See l6ko. 

STINK, V. i. 1-pug, I-nika, l-chs^lka. 


STIPEND, n, Ist. As received, Sgakaka. 

2d. As given, G^akalt^ rash ten. 

STIPULATE, V. i. Kaes-kamkamilshi. 

STIR, V. I. Chines-iumi. 

STIR, V. t. Ist. les-ium. 

2d. To stir oneself, Chines-koilemisti, Chines-iumi. 

STIRRUPS, n. 1st. Snchkalu^ten. See Kalii6t- 

2d. To remain caught in the stirrups, falling from on horseback, 
Chines-chazpmi. See As. 

STITCH, V. t. les-tko^usem. 

STOCK ADE, n. Koiogominten. 

STOCK n. Ist. Of a tree, S16kolko, Skaltch^lko. 

2d. A pillar, Es-nshitdlegui« 

3d. Stocks, Lchlchshintin. 

STOCKING, n. Snk6ttishin. I wear stockings, " Chines-nkotli- 

STOLE, n. Deacon's stole, Es-nshal^gan. 

STOLEN, partic. Sen^ko. It got stolen^ " Nakoko." 

STOMACH, n. 1st. The inside, Spuids. 

2d. The outside. See Breast. 

STONE, n. Ist. Ssh^nsh. 

2d. Stone, crystal like and hard, I-galssh^nsh. 

3d. Bright and brittle, Vilixk. See Rock. 

4th. Stone of fruits, Snchitlt64 

STONE, V, t, les-te^m, les-teenunem. To throw stones at ran- 
dom, Chines-teesk61igui. 

STOOL, n. Ist. Snchilemuten. 

2d. Evacuation, Smen^ch. To go to stool, Chiks-men^chi, Cblk?- 
-6zkaei. I have no stool, Ta ismen^ch, Chin*kagup6nch. 

STOOL, V. i. The grain stools. See Sprout. 

STOOP, V. I. 1st. Chines-npnusenz&ti, Chines-cht6ikani. 

2d. To yield, Chines-cht6ikani, Chines-kolagaleniisti. 

STOP, V. t Ist. To close an aperture, les-tk^pera. 

2d. To hinder the progress, les-tlpim. 

1 1 

STR 878 

3d. To restrain, les-geonim. 

4th. To put an end to, Ie8-h6iem. Stop that, ** H6isku." 

5th. To stop talking, Chines-hoizini. 

6th. To stop a bottle, les-koHnka^em. 

STOP, V. L Ist. To cease to go forward, Chines-tlpmi. 

2d. To stop at, to take up his lodging, Ghines-nz'zilshi. 

3d. To stop in a work, to cease, Chines-h6imi. 

STOPPER, n. KoHnka6pten (because it sticks in the opening). See 

STORE, n. Ist. Sntemisten. 

2d. What is stored, Stakelzut, Skaranelszdt. 

3d. A magazine, warehouse, Snkamnelszilten. 

STORE, V. t 1st. To collect a reserved supply, les-^lkom. 

2d. To accumulate, les-iaamim. 

STORE-KEEPER, w. SntomJst. 

STORK, w. Sm6koe. 

STORM, n. 1st. The storm begins, Es-chesAskati. 

2d. It is stormy, Ches^skat. 

3d. The storm is over. El uiaskat^ Ui6, Ek gesiskat. See Tem- 

STORY, n. Ist. Smiimii. 

2d, Fabulous story, Skoll&mt. ' 

3d. I tell a story, Chines-mimimi. I tell him a storj', ies-mimishi- 
tem. i tell that story, les-mimiim. , 

4th. I tell a fabulous story, Chines-koUumti. 

STORY, n. A lie, Si6koi8t. 

STORY-TELLER, n. 1st. Mimimdl. 

2d. Fabulous story-teller, Kollumt^men. 

3d. Liar, Ikoistemen. 

STOUT, a. 1st. Robust, Sisiiis. 

2d. Bold, Kutispuus, Sisius, Pizchstiitem (that can pitch Uno), 

3d. Big in stature, Kutenalko. 

STOVE, n. Snolshizten ululim. 

STRAIGHT, a, 1-tog. 

STRAIGHT. See Narrow. 

STRAIGHTEN, v. t Ist. To make straight, les-tgomim. 

2d. To reduce to distress, lesHsiechstem. See Si. les-pizem. 

3d. To be straightened, forced upon, Chin-chsiipeigue. 

STRAIN, V, t 1st. A rope, wire, les-tnim. See Tin. 

374 STR 

2d. To sprain, Ies-malk{im. 

3d. To make lighter, les-z^Dem. 

4th. To force upon, oppress, les^pizen). 

5th. To filter, strain milk, les-ehs^gomdsem^ Ies-kol8o6in, kolsoon- 

STRAIN, V, 2. Milk stwdiiing, Es-ohs^sromdHi, EA-kol8o6ini, Es-kol- 

STRAINER, n. KoJsoominten. 
STRAIT. See Narrow. 
STRANGE, a. 1st. Foreign, Tigulem. 
2d. Not before known, I-siz. 
3d. Wonderful, Kuskust. 

STRANGER, n. Ist. Tignl^ligu, Tigulora sk^ligu. 
2d. A visitor, S'ehiz'zin. 

STRANGLE, v, t. 1st. With a rope, les^kol-az'ziuem. 
2d. Hanging, Ies-ehaz6usem. See Aaz. 
3d. By hand, les-kolzipzinem. See Zip. 
STRANGURY, n. Es-kagupHch^it. 
STRAW, n. Ist. K68kof8t, Supdlegu. 
2d. As-thrashed, Chspk^inten ; as thrashed with horses, Chkalu6- 

temen, Chkalu^tkan. 
STRAW-COLOR, a. I-paa. * 
STRAWBERRY, n. K6itkara. 
STRAY, I?, i. Chines-odsli. See Lose. 
STRAY, a. Es-osk6gae. 
STREAK, V. /. Ies4pi>i. 
STREAM, n. 1st. See River. 
2d. Current, Es-moopmi, Es-aupmi. 
STREET, n. Es-ngak6u8, Shushu61. 
STRENGTH, n. Ist. The being strong, Sioi6t. 
2d. As a power to do anything, Niopieuten. 
3d. Strength of fire, ^u suiluilt. 
4th. Strength of light, hn sgalg^lt. 
STRENGTHEN, v, t 1st. To make strong, Ies-ioi6tem. 
2d. To make become strong, res-ioiotnilshen^ 
3d. To fasten, les-z^nem. 

4th. To encourage, les-koilzin'em, les-n^ukanem. I 

STRENUOUS, a. Sisids. 
STRETCH, ??. t. 1st. In length, to stretch a rope, les-ogomim, 


STR 875 

ogoinst^n. Stretch the rope, pall it, " Ogomisku lu sipi, sdte- 
2d. In breadth, les-gufepem, ies-gupira. 
3d. Stretch the arm, Chines-gupm^gani. 
4th. To reach out, to put forth thfe hand, Ohines-gu^lehsti. 
5th. To reach out, eliretch out the feet, Ohines-gualshini. 
6th. To stretch pulling, les-siittem. 
7th. To make it tense, as a wire, string, les-tnim. See Tin. 

8th. To stretch one's arm over to , les-chgupm^ganem. 

9th. To reach Out one's arm towards , les chgual^chstem. See 

10th. To stretch out, to make appear the tongue, Chines-tl^chzini, 

Ics-tl^cHera lu in-tiguzch. 
11th. To stretch oneself when tired, Ohine8-t61i, Chines-telt61isti. 
12th. To stretch oneself down, Chines-tkonzfiti. 
13th. To stretch oneself too much, to overdo one's power, Chinen- 

-chgozenzuti. See Goez. 
14th. To stretch one's leg, Chines-gupshinmi. 
15th. If only to step out, Chines-gu^lshini. 

16th. To stretch one's leg towards *, les-chgualshinem. 

17th. I stretch the palm of ipy hand, Chines-intogchin^chsi. 

STRETCH, r. L Es-gufep'pi, Es-siit'ti, Es-tl6chchi. 

STREW, V, t. 1st. Of sand, grains, stones, Ies-i»k6^n. 

2d. Of flowers, clothes, les-tkem. 

3d. Of carpets or like, les-gu^pem. 

STRIDE, y. L Chines-chgualshini. 

STRIFE, w. Ist. By words, S'chezin, S'chezinemenuegu. 

2d. By deeds, Stiakot, Stikotemenu^gu. 

3d. Between married folks, Stl^ko, Stlkonu6gu. See Tlako. 

4th. In battle, Stiakot, Spelstu6gu. 

5th. The cause of strife, Chti^koten, Chtlakoten, Chpelstu^guten. 

STRIKE, V. t, 1st. To give a blow, to hit, les-pim, Chines-spelzei. 

2d. Strike with a rod, stick, sword, les-spim. 

3d. With a whip of cords, Jes4zira. 

4th. With a whip for driving, Ies-k6igum. 

5th. With fists, les-zuum, Chines-zuelzei. 

6th. With the open hand, les-tkum. 

7th. With arrows, arms, les-tapim. 

8th. With the point of a sharp wooden stick, les-ilini. 


876 8TR 

9th, With an iron pointed instroment, knife, etc., IeH4u^ni, Chioes- 

10th. With an axe, los-shelim, 

tlth. With a hammer or the like, les-te^m. 

12th. To strike a match, a light, ChineB-ehp^^i. 

13th. To strike a light by the steel or flint, Chinee-eicheteni. 

14th. Struck by lightning, Es-zk6m, zkant^m. 

15th. The light strikes a mountain, fis-chshinstim, Es-shitezinem. 

16th. To strike with terror, see Terror. With surprise, see Sur- 

17th. With the foot, Ies-telk6m. 

18th. The clock strikes, Bs-kolkoelti. 

19th. To strike out, to erase, les-m^um. >'• 

STRIKE, V. i, ChinesH9p61zei, (Jhines-zu61zei. 

STRING, n. 1st. Small rope, Sipi, Sispi- 

2d. Bow-string, Chazinchsten. 

3d. Fiddle-string, 

4th. Shoe-string, Azn6nesbin, See Az. 

5th. For a blanket to tie at the breast, Aznelechsten, 

6th. String of beads, Es-liku. 

7th. To cut strings, les-chalim. 

STRING, V, t, 1st. Beads, les-likum, les-l^iku^usem. 

2d. To string a shoe, ChineA-kol:azn6neshi. 

3d. For another, Chines-kolazshin6neshini. 

4th. I string both his shoes, les-kolaz'zshin^neshinem. See Az. 

5th. To string a bow, Chines-chazinchi. 

STRIP, V. t. 1st. A fellow of his clothes, les-ehz's^lgum. 

2d. A tree. See Bark, Peel. 

3d. Oneself, Chines-chz'selgunzdti. 

STRIPE, V. t. les-^im, les-kaim. 

STRIPES, w. Slzize. 

STRIVE, V. L Ist. To make efforts, Chine8-koilemi8ti,Chine8-ioio8- 
zdti, Chines-ait'chsti, Chines-^listi. 

2d. To struggle in opposition, strive against, les-chkoilemistera, 

STROKE, V. t. les-l^zem. 

STROLL, V, I, Itenemus chines-gustelulsL 

STRONG, a. Ist. loiot, Sisius. 

2d. Enduring patiently, Es-nri^niols. 

SUB 377 

3d. Rapid, Tlagt. 

4th. Yiolent, Pizpizt. 

5th. See Powerful, Keen, Sharp, Able, Hard, Brave. 

STRUGGLE, v, L Ist. Making contortions of the body, Chines- 

2d. See Strive. 

3d. To be in agony, Chines-migoti, Chine^-ntell^lsi. 
STUBBLE, n. Sngoizl6guten. 
STUBBORN, a. Aizazt, Tlizpuds, Tlizt \u 8plk6in, Tlizt lu ten- 

t^ne, Tlizkan, Chiuiu^lps. See lo, Chioio^ne. 
STUD, stallion. See Horse. 
STUDENT, w. Es-azgams lu kaimin. 
STUDY, V. L les-azgam lu kaimin. 
STUFF, n. Ist. Materials, K6lemen. 
2d. Cloth, Sipi. 
STUFF, V, t See Fill. 

STUMBLE, V. L 1st. To fall, Chines-tkokomi. 
2d. To stumble at, on, Chines-ehteeshinmi. 
STUMP, n. Ist. Ot a tree, Ngogozd, Ngogozus. 
2d. Of a limb, finger, Got^chst. 
3d. Of legs, Chgot'shin. 
STUN, V. t, les-polsem. 

STUPEFY, V. t. Iefl-p'sp4ra, les-psachstem, les-kussusem. 
STUPENDOUS, a. Gest, Es-nshiizin gest, K6skust, Tast&l gest. 
STUPID, Psdie, I-koko6u. 
STURGEON, n. Ezemtus. 
STUTTER. See Stammer. 
STYLE, w. 1st. Of speaking, Nkolku61ten. 
2d. Of doing, Nk61emen. 

SUBDUE, V. t. 1st. Overpower, Ies-elk6m, les-kl^nunera. 
2d. To get control of a disease, les-melim. 
3d. To gain cr»ntrol of a refractory person or animal, les-tgogond- 

* nem. 
4th. To gain over the afPections, les-tlegupltom \u spuus. 
5th. To persuade into, Ies-k6ilem. See Draw, Drag. 
6th. To coax into, les-koleguegukunem. 
SUBJECT, a. 1st. Situated under, Es-koH6ko, 
2d. Under the dominion. See Belong. 
3d. Liable to, disposed to, is rendered by the affix — Smen affixed 


378 SUB 

to the verb. Subject to break, " Kaopemen." Subject to lie, 
" Ikoist^men/' Oi* by affixing — utem. Liable to die, " Tel- 

SUBJECT, n. l^t. A person placed under the authority of a jyer- 
son, Sgusigult (lit, A child, as the parental and filial relatione 
are the spring of all other subjection and authority.) See Sub- 

2d. The object of a discourse, inquiry, etc., must be rendered bj 
the preposition eh prefixed to the verb used as a verb, or in 
the form of a substantive. Money is the subject of our con- 
versation, ** Ululim hi kaes chkamkamelisem, Uiulim \u kae- 
-chkamkam^listen." See About. 

SUBJECT, V. t. To put under, Ies-koHk6m. 

SUBLIME, a, 1st. Physically high, Nuist Es-nshiizin nuist. 

2d. Morally high, Es-nshiizin. 

SUBMLSSION, n. Skolacralemist. 

SUBMISSIVE, a. Es-kolagalemist, Es-sonumt. 

SUBMIT, V, L 1st. To yield to the superior power, Chines-kola- 
galemisti, Chines-koltkonzuti. 

2d. To resign oneself to, Chines-ptlechsteinisti, Chines kolguzshe- 

3d. To obey. Chines-son umti. 

SUBOEN, V, t les chiam, les-koleguegukuneni. 

SUBSCEIBE. See Sign, Signature. 

SUBSEQUENT, a. Lu siz. 


SUBSIDE, V I, 1st. To fall to the bottom, Es-snpma, Es-npt'talze, 
Npt^tiku. Said of cofl\5e, tea settling; wheu subsided, Npt- 
41ze, Nptatiku. 

2d. To become calm, Es-kampmi. 

3d. The wind subsides, Es-koimi, f-ks-koi. See Abate. 

4th. The disease subsides, Es-melemi. 

SUBSIST, 17. ^. To be maintained, Chines-ileni. 

SUBSIST, V. t. See Feed. 

SUBSTANCE, n. Cannot be rendered but by Skeltich 3 body, ma- 
terial substance. Malt Skeltich. 

SUBSTITUTE, n. Ist. Successor, heir, vice-gerent, Nikalshelpen- 
zuten, Nemtelpenzuten. See L^kshilsh, Emdt (lit. He that 
sits in my place). 

sue 379 

2d, For particular objects prefix sgu — to the verb, sometimes also 
to the adjective. My substitute for work (though he may not 
work for me), " I-sguk6lem." My substitute in teaching, 
preaching, reporting, one of mine who is teaching, " I-sgumi- 
miim/' The apostles of J. C, inasmuch as they were charged 
to teach by him, ** ^u sguniimiimi Jesu Kli/' My substitute 
in speaking, he through whom I speak, " I-8gukolko61t." 
3d. As ambassador, who knows the language, the words, the doc- 
trine of another, Nmizinzuten. The substitute of J. C, inas- 
much as he knows the words, doctrine of our Lord, " hu nmiz- 
inzutis Jesu Kli." 

SUBSTITUTE, v. t. 1st. I set him in my place, les-nlkalsh^lpem, 

2d. I make him do what I do, Ies-nzuzu6chsem. 

3d. I name him for my substitute, les-aum ikl-nlkalshelpenzuten. 
Our Lord named Peter for his vicar, ** T Jesu Kli auis lu Pi61 

4th. To change. See Change. 

SUBVERT, r. t, 1st. To ruin utterly, les-kolgodl'lem, Tes-maum. 

2d. To pervert, les-kolgo^riem. 

3d. To suborn, les-koieguegukunem. 

SUCCEED, V, I. 1st. In general, Chines-lkonzdti, les-elkom, Jes- 

2d. I cannot succeed, les-tiligum. 

3d. Usually rendered by affixing — nunem to the verb in question. 

4th. I succeed in catching that horse, les-azpnunem. 

3th. I succeed in doing it, les-kolndnem. 

6th. I succeed in taking it, I reach it, les-konndnem. 

7th. Not to succeed, fail, by simply premitting the adverb Ta. 

8th. To succeed by chance. See Luck. 

9th. It don't succeed, it won't do, Tasi6. 

SUCCEED, V. t 1st. To take the place of See Place, Substitute. 
Leo succeeds Pius, " T'Leo u es-nlkalsh^lpems ku Piiis, Es- 
-nzuzu6chf?ems ^u Pius." The former means to succeed in the 
place J the latter, in the office. 

2d. To follow in order, Siz, i. e., Is the next. Pius died and Leo 
succeeds him, is the next Pope, ** Tlil ^^u Pius u Leo siz Lpap.'* 

3d. See Elt. 

4th. To follow, Ees chshinim. See Shin. 

380 SUF 

SUCCESSFUL, a. Often rendered by the affix — ul, reduplicating 
the radical. Successful in losing garoes^ " Alalpdh" Success- 
ful in winning, ** Tleg'tlegupul." Successful hunter, *' Ch^- 
chilpuh" See Luck. 


SUCCESSIYELY, in succession, one after another, rendered by 
the reduplication of the verb. I carry them in succession, 
" les-ukukum.'* Hence mail-carrier, because carrying the 
mail one day after another, Sguukukulkaimin. 

SUCCESSOR. See Substitute, Heir, Place, Antecessor. 

SUCCUMB, V, I. Chin-h6i, Chin-ntlapaks. 

SUCH, a. Of that kind, like that, Ezag^il t'shei. 

SUCK, V. i, 1st. Chine8-t6mi, Chines-kaemmi, Chines-kakaemmi. 

2d. Chines46pi. See Taste. 

SUCK, V, t. To draw milk with the mouth, les t6mcm. 

SUCKLE, V, t 1st. One's child, Chines-kaem^lti, Ohines-kakae- 

2d. Any child, les-kaemira, kaemst^n. 

3d. His child, les-kaem6ltem, Ies-kaem61tem \u sgusigults. 

SUDDEN, a, SUDDENLY, adv. 1st. Sudden death, Nzku6lkiip 

2d. I die a sudden death, naturally, Chin-zkutilpup chin-tlil. 

3d. I die a sudden violent death, Ko-zkue^kupstem ko-p6l8tem. 

4th. He was well and died, I-ges u till. He died being well, I-lsges 
u tlil. I died suddenly, I-chin-ges u chin-tlil. 

5th. He was healthy and died, l-guil u tlil. 1 will die healthy, 
without sickness, I-lisguil m-chin-tlil. 

6th. For other phrases, render it by I or Tel snkanikamtin. He 
spoke and started on a sudden, " I-kolko^lt u guist," or, " Tel 
snkamkamtin u guist (lit. Only he spoke and left, from the 
quietness he left). 

SUE, V, t. For debt, Ies-ns6upem. 

SUET, n. Olikul, S'chtku6us. 

SUFFER, V, I, Ist. To have pain bodily, Chines-nguzguzmelsi. See 
Sick, Sore, Ache. 

2d. To have mental pain, Chines-pupusenchi, Chines-nguzguzmelsi. 

3d. To endure, Chines-ni^ulsi. See 16. 

4th. To undergo. See Let. 

5th. To permit, allow, Lzii (lit. May it be, be it). 


SUN 381 

6th. For our misdeed, Chin-p^kuka, Chines-iiz, Ko-es4zim. 
7th. To suffer much, to writhe under the pain, Chin-zazaza. 
SUFFER, V, t. Ist. To endure it, to put up with it, les-ni^ulsem. 
2d. To permit it, les-lziim. 
SUFFERING, n. let. The act of suffering, Snguzguzm^ls, Spupu- 

2d. The cause, Npupusenchten, Nguzguzmelsten. 
3d. The having patience, Sniauls. 
4th. The virtue of patience, Ni^ulshten. 
SUFFICIENT, a. Pot, P6tu sh^i. Tie, Tie goeit. 
SUFFICIENTLY, adv. 1st. Really so, P(3tu shei. 
2d. Nearly so, passably, G^il. I am sufficiently good, tolerably 

good, " Geil chin-gest." 
SUFFOCATE, v, t. 1st. Not by strangling, les-takupim. See Tkep, 

2d. To strangle. See Strangle. 

3d. To extinguish. See Extinguish. 

SUFFOCATE, v, L Chines-takupmi (for want of breath, for an- 

SUFFRAGATE the dead, v. t, les-puushitem \u temtemn^i, les- 
-chinshitem, les-chaushitem, les-olkshitem, les-zeHm. 

SUGAR, n. l-tish. 

SUGAR, V. t, (coffee, tea, liquids), les-ntishkum 

SUICIDE, 7?. Es-pelszut, Es-tapei suti. 

SUGGEST, V. t. les-^ushtem. 

SUIT, n. Cbmpany, followers, Nchshintin. I have no suit, *^ Ta 
\^Y)\ nchshintin.*' 

SUIT, V. t. See Fit, Agree, Taste, Zeh^m. 

SULLEN, a. Ist. Chines-nchgut't6l8i. 

2d. Gloomy, Chines-nigup^lsi. 

SUMMER, n. Saanlka. See Anlka. 

SUMMIT, n. Ist. Skakalt. 

2d. To reach the summit, Chin-kakalt. 

3d. The summit of a mountain, Chtgoichan. 

SUMMON, V. t les-galitem. 

SUN, n. Ist. Spakani. See Spaaka. • 

2d. The sun rises, Es-tleechmi, Es-kutlpmi. 

3d. The sun is up. Tie tleech, Tie kutlip. 

4th. Sunrise, Stleech, Skutlip. 

382 SUP 

5th. The place where the sun rises, Snkutlptiis hi spakaiii. 

6th. Sunburn, Spaaka, Skukulil. 

7th. Sunlight, Sgalip. 

8th. Sunburnt, Chin-ulp6s fskukulil. 

SUNDAY, n. 1st. S'chaz^us, Sgalg^lts Kolinzuten. 

2d. Next Sunday, Ne ehaz6us. 

3d. Last Sunday, Zi 1 s'chaz^us. 

SUNDEK. See Sever, Separate, Part, 

SUN DOGS, n, Sololagani. The sun is between tlie sun dogs, " Es- 

-nkal^nchi \\x spakani t'solol^gani." 

SUNDOWl^, sunset, «. S'ehlug, S'chso^skan. 

SUNDKY, «. KuitH. 

SUNDRIES, w. Te6-8t6mstera. 

SUPEREROGATE, v. t. les-nchgoztusem. 

SUPEREROGATION, n. Es-ngoztus. Sec Goez. 

SUPERFICIAL, a. On the surface, Chil-k^ltieh. 

SUPERFLUOUS, a. 1st. Mil goeit. 

2d. Not needed, I-tenemiis. 

SUPER-IMPOSE, V, t. 1st. To place upon, les-chtkom. See Put, 

2d. Of a building, Ies-chk6iem. 

SUPERINTEND, v. ^ les-^zgam, les-chitim. 

SUPERIOR, a. 1st. More high than , Nuist hi tel 

2d. In office, Es-nshiizin tel 

3d. In greatness, goodness, etc., Kutunt tel , Gest tel 

4th. In general, Chgo6zt tel 

5th. Excellent. See Excellent. 

SUPERIOR, n. Ilimigum. 

SUPERSCRIBE, v. t les-chkaira. 

SUPERSEDE, V, t. To displace from office, le8-6zkaem. 

SUPERVISE. See Superintend. 

SUPINE, a. Es-zkallot (lying on the back). 

SUPPER, h\ i. Ist. To take supper, Chines-chldgui, Chines-eut'- 

2d. The last supper of our Lord, Lu seul'ziis JeSii Kli. 
SUPPLE. See Flexible. ^ 
SUPPLK'ATE, V, i. Ohines-chomisti, Chines konnonszini, Cliines- 

SUPPLICATE, V. t. Ist. To one, les-chomistern, les-konkonszi- 


SUR 383 

2d. To ask that favor, les-chkonkonzinem. 

SUPPLY, n. Ist. Of eatables, Stku6ne, Stkukuene. See Tkom. 

2d. Of clothes, etc., Stakelsziit. 

3d. 1 have no supply of eatables, Chn-ehstera^ne. 

SUPPLY, V. t. Ist. That food, les-kolstkuenem. 

2d. I 8U])pIy him with food, Ies-kolstkuen6shtem. 

3d. I supply him with clothes, etc., les-kolstakelszutshtem. 

SUPPORT, V, t, 1st. To bear a thing by being under, rendered by: 

I have it placed upon me, les-chiltkenem, ehiitk^nemen (9). 
2d. I am supported by, being placed «pon it, les-chiltkenem, chii- 

tk6nemen (I am placed over it). 
3d. To bear, sustain a thing from falling by having it leaning up- 
on, les-chleeminem. See Chle6, Lean. 
4th. Support by placing a prop, les-golzkozinem. 
5th. To endure without being overcome, les-niiulshem. 
6th. To furnish with means of living, les-eemtem. 
7th. To take the parts, les-ns^aztusem. 
8th. To support, lean oneself to. See Lean, Suspend. 
SUPPORT, n. 1st. What keeps up, Chiltken^ten, Golzkozinten. 
2d. What is given to me for my food, fs-emin. 
SUPPOSE, V, t. 1st. If, in the supposition, in case of, must be ren- 
dered by the conditional mood. 
2d. To imagine, les-nt^lsem, Chines-nt^lsi. 
SUPPRESS, t". t. Ist. To crush down, les-maum, fes-h6iem. 
2dk To repress, les-geenim. 
3d To conceal, les-uekum. 
SUPPURATE, V. t Es-p6zti. 
SUPREME, a. Es-nshiizin. 

SURE, a. 1st. I am positive, I know it well, I-mistem, Imistgu. 
2d. It is certainly so, I-mii. 
3d. Certain to acquire or retain, Chines-nmiiselsi, Chines-miis'- 

4th. Reliable (of persons), Mselsuten. 
5th. Absolutely, Ta-ks-tam (in fut.). 
SURE, surely, adv. 1st. I-mii, I-tmi, Neli. This latter is used 

elliptically. Will you die ? Surely, " A nem ku-tlil ? N^H." 
2d. Surely not, Pum. See Pshaw. 
SURFACE, n. hu chi^k^ltich. 
SURMOUNT, surpass, v. t, les-chgozim. See Goez, Pass. 

384 SUS 

SURPLUS, n. Vhee. See Lett. 

SURPRISE. See Sudden. 

SURPRISE, r. t, Ist. To strike with wonder, les-kususem, les- 

-psp^in. See Pas. 
2d. To make lose conseioasness, les-selim, selemst^n, les-sdlem. 

See Sil. 
SURPRISING, a. Kuskust, Ta-stul, Selsilt. 
SURRENDER, v, t. 1st. les-ptl^^chstem, les-guizshem. 
2d. Surrendered oneself, Chinea-pt^^echstemisti, Chines-kolagale- 

misti, Chine8-kolguz8hen)i8ti. 
SURROUND, V. t. 1st. To go all over, les-silehemim. 
2d. To surround a house, Ie8-C'hi6lgum. 
3d. To surround in the prairie, Ie8-ehi61em. 
4th. In the wood, Ie8-ni61em. 
5th. To crowd upon, les-chtuuni, les-chiaaminem. 
6th. As a fence, les-chgoizem. See Ogo. 
7th. For the other particular ways of surrounding, see Around, 

8th. To place, go all round, les-chsilchizeem. 
9th. See Besiege. 

SURROUNDED, a. 1st. In general, Es-chslchize. 
2d. Pressed, besieged, Chin-chsiipelgu6. 
SURVEY, V, t, 1st. Land, les-fpim, Chines-^pulegui, les-kaim, 

Chines-kaidlegui, les sdgumem, 0Innes-8ugum61egui. 
2d. To take a view of, les-^zgam. 
3d. To examine, Ies-ko6nem'm. 
SURVEY, w. Slpiilegu, Skaiulegu, etc. 
SURVEYOR, n. Sgulp61egu, Sgukaiulegu, Sguazgam. 
SURVIVE, V. L Chee chin-gulguilt. 
SUSPECT, V. t. Ist. To imagine, Chines-nt^lsi. 
2d. To think one guilty, upon suflScient evidence, les-chit^mem. 
3d. To hold as uncertain, les-seleminem. 
4th. To hold as mistrustful, leskciusem. 

5th. To suspect people, to think of their affairs, Chines-kn^pagami. 
6th. See Jealous. 
SUSPEND, V. t. 1st. To hang it above, meaning the tying it, les- 

2d. Meaning to let it hang from above, from on high, les-chsaieu- 


SWE 385 

3d. Meaning to raise it on liigh, les-chgo^usem. 
4tb. To tie it hanging down, les-taz^usem. 
6tb. To let it hang down, les-t'shalt^usera. 
6th. To hook it on high, les-chkalgu^usem. 
7th. To place it across on high, les-ch^^ko^usem. 
8th. To place it loose across anything, les4kom. 
9th. To cease for a time, Ie8-h6iem, les-!'h6iem, Ne kuene. 
10th. See Aaz, Shalim, Kalgiim, Lkom, Go6e. 
.SUSPENDEES, n. 1st. Nlkolkolk^iten (m. What is put across 

both shoulders j if only over one shoulder, N^-kolk^iten). See 

Lkom, hok, 
2d, I wear suspenders, Chines-nlkolkolk^iti. 
3d. I give, place on him a pair of suspenders, les-nlkolkolk6itom. 
SUSPICIOUS, a. Given to suspect unreasonably, Chitemtemdl. 
SUSTAIN. See Support. 

SWALLOW, V, t. Ist. Chines-kamrai, les-kamim. 
2d. Swallow eagerly as dogs, les-shipim. 
SWAMP, n. Sntlauchl^gu, Es-nel6oten, Es-nkalii. 
SWAN, n. Spakami. 
SWATHE, V. t. les-chpelkoizem. 
SWAY, V, I, Es-kozchemi. See Bend. 
SWEAK, V. t, 1st. les-aum \u Kolinzuten, les-au^tera lu skufests 

2d. By pointing the finger on high, Ies-z6kom \vi Kolinzuten. 
3d. To blaspheme, Chines-kolko^lti t'tigulem. 
SWEAT, n. S'chskuilt. 
SWEAT, V. L Chines-chskuilti. 
SWEAT HOUSE, n. 1st. S'lakai. 
2d. To go in the sweat house and take a Kussian bath, Chines-Uk- 

SWEEP, V, t, 1st. To sweep a room or floor, Chines-zeslegu6pi, 

Chines-chi^z'slegu^pi, Chines-z'sul6gui. 
2d. To sweep a yard, Chines-z'sulegui, (if by scraping) Chines-agoi, 

3d. To sweep off the dirt, les-chilz'sim in malt. 
4th. To sweep 'off the snow, les-agom lu sm^kot. 
SWEET, a. 1-tish ; dim. I-H'tish. 
SWEETEN", V. t. les-ntishkum. 
SWEETHEAKT, n. Selagt, Sgameneheus. 

886 SYR 

SWEETNESS, n. Stish. 

SWELL, V. i. Ist. By any morbid process, Chines-sukuti. 

2d. By simple dilatation, as of a bladder, Chines-p^ui. 

3d. By inflammation of the belly, Chines-kagup6nebi. 

4th. By inflammation of the bladder, Chines-kagupHcheiti. 

6th. To protubemte, Es-mkokomi. See Moko, Bruise. 

6th. By pride, Chines-kegumiszuti. See K6ig. Chines-np^ui. 

7th. The number swells, Chtgugu. See Chtgnm. 

8th. The river swells. vSee Rise. 

9th. To swell down, Es-p'ss'm^. 

SWELLING, n. Szsukut, Sp6u, Es-moko. 

SWERVE, r. L Chines-nguzaksi. 

SWIM, V. i, 1st. Chines-nehalpmi. See Float. 

2d. To be dizzy, Chines-nselselemHumshi. 

SWIM, V. t. 1st. To make swim, les-nchalpim, les-nchalpnunem. 

2d. To swim up the river, Chines-nziilshiisi t. 

3d. To swim across, Chines-niekomi, Chines-uchalpmi. 

4th. To swim down the river, Chines-nagotusi. 

SWIMMER, n. Sgunchalip. 

SWINDLE, V. t les-koilem. 

SWINDLER, n, Kolkolemdl. 

SWINE, n. Kosh6n, Npelpelkdks. 

SWING, V. i. 1st. As boys do on a pole, Chines-kakatalkoi. 

2d. On a rope, Chines-keitu^gui. 

3d. As a pendulum, Es-itiit'ti. 

SWOON, V. i, Chines-oospuds, Ohin-tlil. 

SWORD, n. Ist. Nspusten, Cholol61gu, Kntunt ninchemen. See 

Lance, Spear. 
2d. To unsheath the sword, Ies-nz6okem. 
3d. To place it back in the scabbard, les-nzakoni. 
SWORD-FIGHT, n. Chincs-nspusi. 
SYPHILIS, n. Es-lehich6. 
SYRINGE, w. Npzekominten. 

SYRINGE, t\ /. 1st. Ies-npz6kom, les-npzeknpsem. See Inject. 
2d. Syringe the ear, les-npzkuenem. 


TAK 387 


TABLE, n. Ist. For writing on, Snkaiminten. 

2d. For eating, Snilenten ; if raised from the ground, SnchiHien- 

3d. The food itself, Siilen. 

TACKLE, weapons, n. Ist. Fishing tackle, Kakam^ieten. 
2d. Hunting tackle, Chilptin. 
TAIL, n. Sups. See Ups. 
TAILOK, n. Sgutk6m. 
TAINT. See Stain, Spoil. 

Take, v, t. Ist. (if one object) Ies-kun6m, Chines-kun^i. 
2d. (If more than one object) Ie8-k6mem, Chine8-k(3mi. 
3d. To grasp, catch, les-chinim. 
4th. To captivate the affections, les-zkukununem. 
5th. To choose, Chines-nko^ni. 

6th. To form the likeness of , les-kulkaira 

7th. To accept, Ies-tkun6m. 

8th. To accept a drink, to taste it, Ies-nko6nkum. 

9th. To take in good part, les-ni^ulsem., 

10th. To take in bad part, les-nch^selsem. 

11th. To admit, to take it for granted, Chines-nshi^lsi, Sh6i. 

12th. To take, treat, think one as a fool, les-kolspsiiem. See Kol. 

13th. To tiike one as father, Ie8-koll'pog6tem. 

14th. To take one for child, les-kolsgusigultem. 

15th. To take a wife, Chines-koll:n6gonogoi. 

16th. To take a husband, Chines-kolsg^lui. 

17th. To take an object on high, Ies-chkun6m. 

18th. To take one by the hair, les-chtdmkanem. See TeemHem. 

I9th. To take aim. See Aim. 

20th. To take along, Ics-nkul^guiem, les-guiusem. See Along. 

2l8t. To take away, les-kun^m, les-guiem, Ie8-ch6om. 

22d. To take down (a), les-zkun^m, les-chkun^m. (6) To reduce, 

les-t6pem. (c) To write, les-tkaim. (d) To swallow, les-kam- 

mim. (e) To demolish, les-mdum. 
23d. To take fire, (a) Hairy substance, Padp. (6) Wood, etc., 

Ulip. (c) To beg fire, Chines-chku^nshi. 

888 TAN 

24th. To take back, (a) To retake, leies-kun^m. (6) To bring 
back, leles-guiusem. (c) To return, leles-guizeltem. (d) To 
recant, Jel^es-tam'ra. (e) To take back what one lost in gam- 
bling, Chines-nku^ropi. And a number of others to be looked 
for under the different prepositions or adverbs, or under the 

25th. To take out (a) Of a drawer, etc., les-nkuthm. See Kuitl. 
(b) To take ofP. See Off. 

TALE, n. Ist. Keport, Smimii. 

2d. Fable, Skollumt. 

3d. Lie, Si6koi8t. 

T ALE-BE AEEE, tale-teller, n. Mimimul. 

TALENT, n. 1st. Intellectuality, Spagpagt, Nkutpagaminten. 

2d. A weight of money, Ululim. 

TALISMAN, n. Som6sh. 

TALK, V, I. 1st. To converse flamiliarly, Chines-kamkamilshi. 

2d. To speak, Chines-kolko61ti. 

3d. To prate, Ohines-ueulshi. 

4th. I talk him into awe, subjection, les-iaazinem. See la. 

TALK (French, English, etc.), v. t. See Speak. ' 

TALK, n. 1st. Skamkamilsh, Skolko^lt, Su6ulsh. 

2d. The rumor, Smiimii. 

3d. The subject of conversation, Smiimii, S'chkamkamilsh, Mimi- 

4th. Indian council, Skamkamilsh. 

TALKEE, n. Kolkoltul, Uememen, Ueuemul, Ueu^zin, Sguueem, 

TALL, a. 1st. J96rs. Kuten^lko. 

2d. Impers. Usshinilko. 

TALLOW, n. Olikul. See Suet. 

TALON. See Claw. 

TAMARAC, n. Zakolsh 

TAME, a. Sensant, Es-tg6g, Tas uakaukt. 

TAMEi, V. t, Ist. By catching with a rope and taming, Jes-azazim. 

2d. By training, les tgogonnunem. See Tog. 

TAMPON, n. Tk^pten. 

TAN (hides, Indian way), v, t. Ist. To rub a stone on the hides, 

2d. To scratch away the inside of the hide, les-pshim. 

TAS 389 

3d. To scratch away the hair, les-chpsh^peni. 

4th. To pound the skin, les-tkii6Igum. 

5th. To pound the hairy side, Ies-chtku6pem. 

6th. To make it soft, les-koopim. 

TAN, V. L Es-koopmi. 

TANGIBLE, palpable, a. Chguguutem. 

TANGLE. See Entangle. 

TAP, V, t. To open a tumor, les-tkupim. 

TAP, n. plug, Tk6pten. 

TAPE-LINE, w. Sipi. 

TARANTULA, n. Tdpon. 

TARRY, V, I. 1st. To stay behind, to stay, lel6e u chines-elee (I 

tarry here). 
2d. To remain in arrear, Chines-ezeuti. 
3d. To be long going or coming, Chines-kaspmi, Chines-chench^nti, 

Chines-chenchenmisti, Chines-kamkamenzuti. 
4th. To put off, Ies-koltk6m. 
5th. To remain behind through laziness, Chines-autp^lka. See 

TARRY, V. t To be waiting for, les-tnemteusem. See Emiit. 
TART, a. Tagt. 

TASK, n. past, Lu iszk61 ; present, hn ikszk61. 
TASTE, V. t. 1st. In general. To feel, les-enu^nem. See Smell. 
2d. To feel the taste of food, etc., les-pugpnunem. 
3d. To try what taste it has, Ies-nko6nem. 
4th. To try the taste of beverages, Ies-nko6nkum. 
5th. By sucking the finger alter dipping it in a mess, Ie846pem. 
6th. By placing some of the food in the mouth, Chines-nkaezini. 
7th. To eat some little, Chines-Weni, Chines-nkaezini. 
TASTE, r. i. 1st. To try to feel what taste it has, Ohines-pgupnu- 

2d. To try food with the mouth, Chines-nko^ni, Chines-nko6nkui. 
3d. To eat a little of it, Chines-nkaezini. 
4th. To have a smar-k, to excite the sensation of taste (said of the 

food or drink itself), Es-pgupmi, pgup, l-pug. 
TASTE, n. Ist. The gustation, Sko6n, Skoenku. 
2d. The sensation of taste experienced in the palate, Spgupnu^len. 
3d. The flavor, as of the food, Spgiip. Spugp^lka. 
4th. It tastes good, Gesalka. 


890 TEA 

5th. It tastes bad, Ches^lka. 

6th. To have a taste for, Ies-gam6nchem. 

7th. I have no taste for anything, nothing goes nae, Ta i^ps-chze- 

8th. 1 find it to my taste, Tes-ehzeh^na, chzehfemen, les-gesteminem. 
9th. I find it against my taste, les-chchsera, chehs^men, les-ehest- 

minem. See Gest, Ches, Zehem. 
10th. It is to my taste, Isz-chzeh^ra. It is against my taste, Isz- 

11th. Water with bad taste, Inuku. 
12th. Tasteless water, I-nsishku. 
13th. Tasteless, pure article, I-sish. 
TATTOO, V, t. les-kaim. 

TAUNT, V, t. 1st. By words, Ies-guaz4nem. See Bully, Guas. 
2d. By actions, les-guasdchstem. 

TAX, n. 1st. What is paid for taxes, ChgakapiI6ten. See Gaka. 
2d. The act of paying taxes, S'chgakaplHumsh. See Eent. The 

Indians use the same word for tax, rent, fare, passage, reward, 

pay, board. 
TAX-COLLECTOK, n. Sgug^kam. 
TEA, n. Liti. See Settle. 
TEA-POT, n. Nzkaiisten \u I liti. 
TEACH, V, t. 1st. To report, tell, les-mimiim. 
2d. To impart knowledge to, les-m^iem, les-mimishitem. 
3d. To admonish, Ies-zogzog6m, Ies-kolko61tem. 
4th. To accustom, les-koakoemim. See Koem. 
TEACHEE, w. Ist. One who teaches, Sgumimiim, Sgum^iem, Sgu- 

kolko61t, Sguzogzog6ra. 
2d. He that teaches me, In-mienziiten, In-zogzogonzuten, In-kol- 

TEAM, n, Zkumin. 

TEAE, n. S'chaupus, joZ. S'chauaupus. See Aup. 
TEAE, V, t. 1st. To lacerate, les-telim. 
2d. In strips, shreds, les-chalim. 
3d. To tear the hair, les-chtamkanem. 
4th. To use up, wear out, les-temualshem. 
5th. To tear in shreds, les-tmgam. 
6th. To tear off, les-kuHelim, les-kulmaum. 
7th. To tear himself off, Chines-kuHolnzuti. 

TEM 391 

8th. To tear down, les-maum. 

9th. To tear up, les-kolmaum. 

T-EASB, V, t Ist. By words, les-nmezinem. 

2d. By actions, Ies-m6chfitem. 

3d. One's ears, Ies-nmeme6nem, nmenie6nen. 

4th. Fooling, les-chposachstcm, les-chposzanem. 

5th. To act purposely to vex, les-chzgo^chsteni. 

6th. To act peevishly, Ies-t6iesbtem. 

7th. To importune by constant application, to press, Ics-si6ch- 

TEASING, bothersome, a, Mem^et, Nmemezin. 
TEAT, n. Ska6m. 

TEDDEE, V, i. les-azulegum ; in an enclosure, Ies-naz£ilegum. 
TEDIOUS, a. Shalshelt. See Sh^lli. 
TELESCOPE, n. Xzgamen. 

TELL, V, t, 1st. To mention one by one, les-dum, les-au^um. 
2d. To narrate, les-mimiim. 
3d. To make known, les-m^iem. 
4th. To tell one, to speak to one, les-zunem. 
6th. I tell it to you, Ku-ies-zuHem. 
6th. I tell of him, les-chszunem. 
7th. I tell him of that, les-chzfiHem. 
8th. To discern, fes-miim, les-sugum. 
9th. To tell stories. See Story. 
10th. To tell the truth, rhines-on6gui. 
11th. 1 tell you the truth, Ku-ies-onegum. 
12th. 1 go to tell him, les-tlezunem 
TEMPEST, storm, n. 1st. Of wind, Sneut. 
2d. Of hail, Salusse. 
3d. Of snow, Es-mgopmi. 
4th. On sea, lake, or river, S'chiin6uku. 
TEMPERATE, a. I-p6tu sh^i, I-tog j but it must be adjusted with 

the meaning. 
TEMPLE, n. 1st. Snchdumen. 
2d. The house of God, Kolinzdten zitgus, Koh'nzuten snilziitis, 

Kolinzuten snemutis. 
TEMPORAL, a, Ist. Concerning this world, 16 lst61igu. 
2d. Concerning our body, Lmalt kae-sk61tich. 
3d. Of short duration, Lishe, Izen6, Goigoezt, Tlagt. 

392 TEN 

TEMPT, V. t. Ist. To try, les-ko^nem. See Koen. 

2d. To endeavor to persuade, les-kolko^ltem, les-zogzogom, les- 
-n^ukanem ch t6ie. 

3d. To coax into mischief, les-koleguegukdnem. 

4th To push to evil, morally or physically, les-kupem ch t6ie. 

5th. To drag, entice by moral or physical influence into sin, les- 
-kukun6nem ch t6ie. 

6th. I feel tempted, enticed, allured by, les-zkukuminem \w t6ie. 

7th. To try to draw to oneself, to one's wishes, les-chi^m (the 
word most used for seduction). 

8th. Put to trial, Ies-ko6nemem. 

9th. By giving bad example, les-nzuzu^chsem 1 t6ie. See Ex- 

10th. To tempt God, to be unreasonable with him, les-koltenemu- 
sem lu Kolinzuten. 

11th. To fool with God, les-chsposz^nem ^-n Kolinzuten, les-choin- 
zutem lu Kolinziiten. 

N.B. — To tempt, {ci) as far as the proposition goes, use les- 
-naukanem, les-kdpem, les-chiam. (b) For delectation ensu- 
ing, les-zkukuminem. {c) For the efl:ectually bringing to sin, 
les-ku|)'pndnem, or les-zkukununem, les-chiannunem. 

12th. My heart tempts me, T i-spuds u ko-kupis, Ko-ndukais. 

TEMPTER, n. 1st. Anything that carries to sin, Zkunzuten ch 

2d. One that tries by talking to bring to sin, Koleguegukunzuten. 

3d. One that tempts, especially to impurity, Chianziiten. 

TEMPTING, a. enticing, Zkuzukut, Zkuzkuku^lk. 

TEMPTABLE, a. Easily yielding to temptation, Zkuzkukumenul. 

TEN", a. Ist. impers. Open ; pers, Chopen. 

2d. In comp., Openchst — . Ten days, " Open chst^ skat.'' 

TENACIOUS, a. To be tenacious of , les-keigtem, les-zuku- 


TEND. See Incline. 

TENDER, a. 1st. Delicate, easily pained, Ltetiim. See Soft. 

2d. Dear, loved, In-gam^nch. 

3d. Careful to save, Nemnemt, les k6igtem. 

4th. Careful not to cause pain, Ltetiim. 

5th. Tender hearted, ^t^tiim \u spuus. 

6th. You are very tender (to a sick person), Kues-nzkuzknesViiiiti. 


THA 393 

TENDERNESS, n. SHetiim. 
TENOR, w. In singing, Chiu^lkot. See lo. 
TENSE, a. let. I-tin. 
2d. Firm, I-zan. 
TENT, n. 1st. Spi^lgu. 
2d. Of sticks, willows, Sogo^lgu. 
TENTH, a, hn ks'6pen ; pers. hu ks'eh6pen. 
TEPID (water), I-nmal. 

TERRIBLE, terrific, a, Ngallutem, Kuskust, Tas-tul. 
TERRIBLENESS, n. Skdskus. 
TERRIFY, V, t. Ies-ngalg61em, les-kus'cheem. 
TERRITORY, w. St6ligu. 

TERROR, n. Ist. The act of fearing, Szngel, Skussus. 
2d. See Terrific. 
TEST, V. t les-koenmem. 

TESTAMENT, n. 1st. SkolkoejKTa ks-tlilemi, Su^ulshsz in ks-tli- 
lemi (lit. The words of ^ j dying, because the Indians make 
their testaments only vy words). 
2d. Written testament, Kaiminten. 
3d. Old Testament, Kasip kaimintis Kolinzdten. 
4th. New Testament, Siz kaimintis Kolinzuten. 
5th. To bequeath by testament. See Bequeath, Bequest. 
TESTICLES, n. Mech^p. 

TESTIFY, V, t, Ies-nmi6pem, les-mimiim, les-m^iem. 
THAN, conj. Tel-zi-tel. 
THANK, V. t, 1st. les-l^mtem, les-tlemtem. Thank you, L^m- 

2d. I express my thanks to him by words, fes-leml^mzinem. 
THANKFUL, a, L^mlemt. 
THANKSGIYING, n. Nlemten, Szlemt. 

THAT, 1st. pron. dem. As pointing out a person or object pre- 
viously mentioned, Lu shei. I do like that, " In-gamench lu 
sh6i.'' It is that, " Shei." In that day, " Lu Ish6i Isgalg^lt." 
2d. As opposite to this, the former, Lizi. This I like, that I hate, 

" 16 lu in-gam6nch, Hzi lu i-szch6m.'' 
3d. As a relative pronoun (ille qui), he that, the one that, Lu shei u. 
N.B. — {a) In this sense it differs not from the first meaning 
above given. (6) When it governs a transitive verb the parti- 
cle t, that characterizes the agent, is prefixed to sMl^ and not 

394 THE 

to u ) v.g,, 1 killed the man that insulted me, " Pblsten lu 
t'sh^i u ko-choihzutemie." Or make of the whole phrase an 
official substantive : I pity the one that pities his fellow men, 
^* les-nkonneminera l^u nkonnemenzdtis \q snkusk^ligu." He 
that loves thee loves me, " hn t'sh6i u ku-gamenchems, t'shei 
u ko-gam6nchi8," or, " In-gamenehz6ten l^u an-gamenchzuten." 

4th. That, conj., after a verb, is suppressed entirely in this lan- 
guage. I heard that you backbite me, *' Chin-I6shinem ko-as- 
-u6kuzinem." I said that you are a liar, '* Chin-zuti, ku-ikois- 

5th. In order that, Gol. He died that we might be saved, " Tlil 
gol kaeks-gulguilt." 

6th. In that, because of that, N6li. 

7th. That far, Lsh6i u ezagal8lk6t. See So. 

THATCH, V, t. To cover with straw, les-chi^^zkenem. See Zak. 

THAW, V, I, Ist. Ice, snow, Es-oimi. 

2d. It is thawing, Eukulil, I-tl6ka. 

THE, Ist. Definite article, hu. 

2d. Conj. The more, the longer, the better, rendered by hu t-eza- 
gal — . The more you drink, the more you are dry,*' hvL t-oza- 
galgoeit ku-sust, t'sh^i u ezagalkutunt u ku-ngampzin.'* 

THEE, pr, pers. hu anui. To thee, hn lanui. 

THEFT, n. Sznako. 

THEIK, pron. rendered by affixing — 5 to the substantive. Their 
father, " Pog6ot8." 

T^.B. — Pog6ot here is plural, not because there be several 
fathei's, but because one is the father of several. 

THEIKS, pron. abs. Zniilz. 

THEM, pron. is never expressed in the Indian in the objective 
case. See the conjugations. It is always understood when 
the verb is transitive. 

THEMSELVES, pron. pi Zniilz. 

THEN, adv. 1st. At that time (past), Lsh^i u, Sh6i ; (fut.) M-lshei, 

2d. Soon afterwards (past), Siz ; (fut.) M-siz. I whipped him, and 
then he minded me, " Lzint^n, u siz ko-s^unemis." 1 will 
whip him, and then 1 will let him go loose, " Xem Izinten, 
m-siz m-talinten." 

3d. Immediately. See Immediately. 

THl 395 

4tb. For this reason, Gol sh^i. 

5th. Now and then, Te^. 

THEN, conj, Ku^mt. If it be so, then it does not pay to get mar- 
ried, " Lu ne sh6i u kaczag^il, ku6nit ta koks-ngonogu6ii8i/' 
Then it will be all over, *' Ku6mt h6i." 

THENCE, adv. From that place or time, Tel sh^i. 

THENCEFORTH, adv. Tel shei, Ku6rat. 

THERE, adv. Ist. In that place, Lsh^i, Ch sh^i (if there is move- 
ment towards that place). 

2d. As in opposition to here, Lzii. Here I am safe, there I will 
be in danger, " lel^e ehin-gumkanzut, lzii nem chin-chin- 

3d. There ! Ma ! 

4th. Look there {voild), Sh^i. Look there, not here, Zio6. 

5th. Here and there, T6e-lchen. 

6th. Down there, yonder, iiU ch^^u, Lu ilu. 

7th. To stay, go there. See Zii. 

THEREABOUT, adv. Ist. Near that place, L s'chis^gam. 

2d. Near that number, degree, or quantity, Te6. I stole ten dol- 
lars or thereabout, " Tee 6pen lu i-szn^ko," i.e. Some ten is 
what I stole. 

THEREBY, adv. By that, T'sh^i. 

THEREFROM, adv. Tel shei. 

THEREIN, adv. Lsh^i. 

THEY, j?^r5. pron. />Z. 1st. Commonly is suppressed, and only ex- 
pressed by the plural of the following verb. They are mad, 
" Alimt.'' 

2d. Those who, Lu, Lu shei u. 

THICK, a. 1st. Of gruel, mud, not liquid, I-ziip; its opposite is 


2d. Distinguished Irom the length and breadth, as a thick cloth, 
Plilt ', its opposite is ^kak^iet. See PiL 

3d. Distinguished only from the length, as a thick log, lult ; its op- 
posite is I-I'l^^k. 

4th. Thick woods, forest, Nku^st, I-ntuku ; its opposite is I-neu- 

5th. Thick crop, the plants crowding one another, 1-tuu ) its oppo- 
site is I-zili^ut (planted thin, sparsely); pi. I-zilzili6ut (plarted 
thin, here and there). 

396 Tin 

6th. Thick crowd of people, I-pin ; its opposite is Aiai^ut (sittiTig 
here and there). 

7th. Abundant, as thick rain, thick fire, Tas-tul. See Tul. 

8th. The fish is thick, abundant, Npenn6tiku lu 8u6ul ; its oppo- 
site is Npelpelut^tiku. 

THICKEN, V. L Of gruel, etc., Es-zupmi. 

THICKNESS, n. Szdp, Siult, SpHlt. 

THIEF, n. Ist. One that likes to steal, Nako^raen. 

2d. One that steals, Sgun^ko. We have a thief, " Kaep sgunako." 

3d. The one that stole that article, Nkomenzuten. 

THIGH, n. 1st. The whole thigh, Snchemusshin. 

2d. The upper part, the lap, SY*hehem61pstshin. 

3d. The sacrum, Spelku^us. 

THIMBLE, n. Lgop^chsten. 1 use the thimble, " Chine84gope- 

THIMBLEBEEEY, n. P61polkan. 

THIN, a, 1st. As a sheet of paper, cloth, 14Uk. 

2d. Not dense, as gruel, paste, 1-s^l. 

3d. Thin log, ^kak6iet. 

4th. Thin woods, etc. See Thick. 

5th. Thin by disease, ^iip. See Poor. 

THING, w. 1st. In general, Te6stem. My thing, Te^ i-stem. See 
Tee, Stem. 

2d. What thing is it ? Stem ? 

3d. Nothing, Tam stem. 

4th. Things, provisions, supplies for food, Stku^ne. 

5th. Things, provisions of clothes, Stakelszut. 

6th. Something, Te6 stem. 

7th. But, when connected with an adjective, or number, is not ex- 
pressed, but the adjective or number implies it. One thing, 
another thing, a good thing, Nk6, G^st, etc. 

N.B. — It appears from these examples that tee stem is an in- 
definite thing, properly a thing, not the thing ; even teS i-st^n 
means only a thing of mine, not my thing, the thing which is 

THINK, V. i, 1st. I have a mind, I judge, I suppose, 1 have an idea, 

2d. To exercise the mind, to meditate, to ponder, Chines-puseraini. 

3d. To deliberate about things to be done, Chines-kulpagami. 

THO 397 

4th. To think anxiously, Chine8-pupus6nehi. 

5th. To be fretting* Chines-neu'ntelsi. 

6th. To propose, resolve, design, intend, Chines-ntMsi, Chin-uis- 

7th. To think much of, les-kuten^lsem. 
8th. To think much of himself, Chines-kutenelsemisti. 
9th. To think himself good, Chines-gestelsemisti, etc. 
10th. I think nothing of him, les-tmalsera. 
11th. I think nothing of myself, I despise myself, Chines-temmel- 

12th. I think so, the same, Lsh^i u chines-nagalelsi. 
13th. I think it is so, Chin-ntdls sh^i. 
14th. I do not think it is so, Chin-nte tam Ish^i u ezageil. 
15th. I think not, Chin-nt^ ta. 
16th. I do not think so, Tam lsh6i u chin-nagal61s. 
17th. 1 think of that (forget it not), Pusemint lu sh6i, Es-puse- 

18th. Think of that (consult, deliberate about it), Kulpagent \{\ 

19th. Think 3'ou that I will do it? The idea that I should do it ! 

Pum chin-ag6ilem t'sh^i. 
20th. I do not think of that, I have no idea of that I Pum ! See 

THINK, V. i, 1st. To imagine, Ie8-nt61sem. 
2d. To conceive, les-nsugunem. 
3d. To plan, les-kulpagem. 
4th. To consider, les-puseminem. 
THIRD, a. lun ks-cheles ; pers. hu ks-checheles. 
THIR.ST, n Sngampzin. 
THIESTY, a. Ist. I am thirsty, Chines-ngampzini. See Gam. 

2d. I am thirsty of. , les-ngampzinem, ngampzinemen. 

THIRTEEN, a. Open et-cheles ; pers. Chopen el-chechel^s. 

THIRTY, a, Cheldpen ; pers, Chechel6pen. 

THIS, pron., joZ. These, Ist. lAb, See Ee. 

2d. When indefinite, Sh6i. 

3d. These two months I have been sick, Sh^e 8*es61 spakani u 

4th. I did not eat these three days. She s'chalaskat u ta isilen. 
THORN, n. 1st. Epl luhi^lze. 

398 THR 

2d. White thorn tree, Sgoegoench^lp. 

THOU, pron, Anui. And it is addressed to anybody, from the last 
child up to God; even addressing a crowd the Jndian speak- 
ers scarcely ever say you, but always thoUj and connect it with 
a plural verb or noun. 

THOUGH, adv. U6, Emu6 ; fuL Eun6. 

THOUGHT, n. Ist. The act of thinking, or the object thought, 
Snt^Is, Sznt^ls, Skulp^g, Szkul^pag, See Think. 

2d. Mind, intention, wish, Spuds. 

THOUGHTFUL, a Kulpapagamuh See Careful. 

THRASH, r. i, 1st. Witii flails, Chines-chispkeini. 

2d. With horses, les-kalu^tkanem. 

3d. With a thresher, Chines-cbspk6ini, Chines-chspmi, les-ehs- 

THRASHING-FLOOR, n. Snkalu^tkanten. 

THRASHING-MACHINE, n, Snspk^inten. 

THREAD, w. St6paks. See Top. 

THREAD, V. t. To thread a needle, les-likupusem. 

THREADBARE, a. I-*6ko, Likat. 

THREATEN, r. t 1st. les-zmzomzinem, les-ngalgelem. 

2d. To have the appearance, to be like, Go^ ; or with the subjunc- 
tive. It threatens rain, " Gok nein tip6is," " Ks-tip^is." 

THREE, rt. impers. Cbe^^n; pers, Chechel^s. All three, imper^, 
E8-chel6sem ; pers. Es-chechel^sem. 

THREE-FOLD, a, Ist. Che^^s es-ngoztus. 

2d. Three-ply, in ropes, tresses, Es-sitch. 

THREE-SIDED, triangular, a, Es-chal^lko. 

THRICE, adv\ 1st. Chel6legu. 

2d. Superlative, I. 

THRIVE, V, }. 1st. To increase in bulk, Chines-pogtilshi. 

2d. All other diiferent matters in which one thrives are rendered 
by the verb inchoative. See Grow. 

THROAT, n. 1st. Skam^lten. 

2d. Sore throat, Chines-nzalskam^lteni. 

THROB. See Heart. I-o6z l^u i-spuus. 

THRONE, n. Snchilemuten. Royal thing. Chilimiguniten. 

THRONG. See Crowd, Thick. 

THROTTLE. Sec Choke, Strangle. 

THROUGH, /)rf/)., arf?\ Ist. From side to side, rendered by the 

THE 399 

copulative verb in — 6us. I bore it through, " les ohiz^usem." 
See Chiz, hog. 
2d. Between, among. Use the same eoj)ulative — 6u8, prefixing n 
to the radical. I pass through a city, " les-nshist^usem, les- 
-ngusteusem." See Shiiist, Gui. 
3d. By means of, Tel, T. 
4th. For the sake of, Gol. See Sake. 
5th. To go through, to the end, Chines-hoimi, Chin-ntiap^ks, ('hin- 

-nptl^emiis. See End. 
6th. All round. See Around. 
7th. All over. See Over. 
8th. Sec Strain, Pass, Filter, Cross. 

9th. The thread passes through the eye of the needle, Chieko. 
THROW, V, t. 1st. away, les-iskolem, les-go^lem. 
2d. To fling, hurl, les-zkaminem, les-kaminem. 
3d. To throw sticks of wood, les-laminem. 
4th. To throw arrows with the hand, Chines-ilmi. 
5th. To throw grains, stones, sand, and the like roundish objects, 

6th. To throw in stones, etc., les-npkum. 
7th. To throw in anything, les-ntkom. 
8th. To throw in several things, les-nkaminem. 
9th. To throw in a hole or hollow, les-nloom. 
10th. In the water, les-ntko^tikum, Ies-neskol6tikum, les-nloeti- 

1 1th. In the fire, les-nzkamnusem, les-neskolusem, les-nlousem. 
12th. On the water. See Float. 
13th. On the fire, les-chtkusem (one objeqt), les-chkaminusem (of 

several things). 
11th. To throw stones at, Chines-task^ligui. See Te^ni. 
15th. To throw, splash water, les-lakom. 
16th. To pull out. See Pull. 

17th. To throw down, les-tkom, les-tkokom, Ics-tkomim. 
18th. See Cast, Put, Place, Expel, Resign, Vomit. 
19th. To throw out of doors. les-zkamenchin^lgum. 
20th. To throw an enemy, les-kozchelsem. 
THRUST, V, t. 1st. By force, les-lo6m. 
2d. To thrust in, les-nloom. 
3d. To squeeze in. See Squeeze, Stick, Squirt. 

400 TIG 

THRUST, V. L To attack with a pointed weapon, Chines-ln^lzei. 

THUMB, n. Stomchsr. 

THUMP. See Sound. 

THUNDER, n. Steltell^am. 

THUNDER, V. L Es-teltellami, teltell^am. 

THUNDER-STRUCK, part Zk^m ; pass, Zkantera. 

THURIBLE, n. Snm6temen. 

THURSDAY, n. Tikulmdskat. 

THUS, adv. 1st. In this manner, Sh^i, Lsh^i u ezagdil. 

2d. In that degree. See So. 

THWART. See Oppose. 

THY, pron. An—, A— (if followed by s)r Thy father, '*An-le6a." 

Thy mother, " A-skoi.'' 
THYSELF, /?ron. Anui, Ku-anui. 
TICK, n. Snit'shiten. 
TICKET, n. Kaimin. 
TICKLE, V. t, les-ksim, Chines-ks'mi. 
TICKLED, a. Ke8ke8ke8k68. 
TIDINGS, w. Smiimii. See News. 
TIE, V. i. 1st. To tie to by fastening the person or animal to some 

post or rope securely (Fr amarrer, attacher), les-azim. See 

2d. To bind ropes or the like around, without fastening to any 

post or other object (Fr, Her) les-lchim. See Elchmi. I bind, 

tie up a thief by binding his feet or hands together^ les-lchim 

lu nako6men. I tie up the thief by securing the ropes to some 

post, les-azim lu nako^men. 
3d. To tie hides, by stretching them on pins, or otherwise, les- 

-ag6m. See Ag. 
4th. To tie a knot, tes-naz6u8em. 
5th. To unite, as in marriage, les-nulusem. 
6th. To oblige, les-lchemim. 
7th. To restrain, les-geenim. 
8th. To tie, fasten the two hems with a sti6k, a pin, Chin-otehe- 

TIED, a. 1st. Es-aiz. 
2d. I got tied, Chin-azip. 
3d. I got tied at, <'hin-chazip (as a man, thrown from his horse, 

remains tied to the stirrups). 

TIM 401 

TIG-ER, n. Skutisimi6. 
TIGHT, a. I-zan. 
TIGHTEN, V, t. les-z^nem. 

TILiL., adv, (past) U, (fut) M sh^. He drank until he died, '' Es- 
-sust u tlil." I will seek it till I see it, " Nem es-tleest6n, m 
she ra-uichen." 
TIIjIj, V, t. Ie8-k61kam. 
TILLER, n. farmer, Sguk61kam, Es-k61kam. 
TIMBER, n, Luku. 

TIME, n. Ist. In the abstract sense cannot be properly rendered. 
2d. Season, proper time for an action, rendered by prefixing ch — 
to the active verbal substantive. Time of delivery, Oh-k61il- 
ten. Time of harvest, Ch-goizl6guten. Time of dying, Ch- 
-teliltin. Time of ploughing, Ch-teldleguten. Time of fruits, 
3d. The whole duration of one's life, Sgalg^lt. Your time is short, 

Goigoezt lu asgalg^lt (the same as the Biblical day). 
4th. In that time, hn lsh6i Isgalgalt. 
5th. In the old times, hn t'skasip. 

6th. One time, two times, three times, Nko, Es61, Chel^s. 
7th. To come after time. See Late. 
8th. To arrive in proper time. See Arrive. 
9th. Many other phrases relating to time must be changed to suit 

this language. See -When, Then. 
10th. At what time, hour? Chinnug ? Chinemnug ? Chenemnug ' 

\u spakani ? 
11th. At what time, day? Chinnaskat? Chinmaskat? 
t2th. At what time (not interrogative), Teechinn^skat, Teechinndg, 

Taachinmaskat, Tees'chinemnug lu spakani. 
13th. That time, day, Shi^skat. 

14th. That time, hour, Shiimnug. • 

15th. The same time, hour, Agalmnug. 

16th. What time is it now, what o'clock ? P6tu es'chenemnug lu 
spakani ? or, Kuinsh lu s'Uichch lu sp'pakani ? It is seven 
o'clock, P6tu sispel lu s'llichch lu sp'pakani. 
17th. It is time for prayer. Tie kaeks-chaui. 
18th. It is not yet time for prayer, Ziu kaeks-chaui. 
19th. The time of prayer is over. Tie hoi. Tie chgo6zt. 
20th. Just in time, Potu. 

402 TOG 

TIMEPIECE, n. Sp'pakani. 

TIMID, a. Ngal^men, Iaain6men, Zeesh^men. 

TIMIDITY, n. Sngal^men. 

TIN, n. Step6chen. 

TINDEE, n. Chtgu6tkupten. 

TIP, n. S'chm^pkan. See Ch^m, Extreme. 

TIEE, n. Ist. Of a wheel, Chphempiz^ten, Chl<!hiz6ten. 

2d. To set a tiro to, les-ehchempizeem, les-chlehizeem. See Chem, 

TIEE, V, t. les-iigotetn, digot'sten, les-pizgo^chsem. 

TIEED, a. Ist. iigot. 

2d. Tired out, Chin-^tlap^ks chin-^igot. 

3d. I am tired of that, of him, les-digotem, digotemen. 

4th. I am tired on his account, les-chdigotem. 

5th. I am tired, Chin-pizgot. 

TITTEE, V. i. Chines-loinz^ti. 

TO, prep, Ist. When denoting the tendency, motion, ch prefixed to 
the substantive. 

2d. When denoting the arrival, L 

3d. When denoting the infinitive, prefix s to the third person of 
the past, or use the substantive. See the paradigmata of con- 
jugations. All other applications of fo are more easily learned 
than described. 

TOAD, w. Snakoko^ne. 

TOBACCO, n. 1st. Sm6nigu. See Smoke. 

2d. One, two plugs of tobacco, Nko sm6nigu, Esdl sm6nigu. 

3d. Indian herb, Kinnikinik, Skuls6. 

4th. Tobacco pouch, Snches^men. 

5th. To chew tobacco, Chines-ntg6kolti. 

6th. To rub the tobacco, prior to filling the pipe, les-uumem. 

7th. To fill the pipe by putting the extremity of the finger on the 
tobacco, Chines-ntkami ; imp. Ntak6ish. 

TOE, w. Stdmshin. 8ee Thumb 

TOGETHEE, adv. N.B.— Do not confound together, an adverb, 
with the preposition t^if A ; together answers the Latin simvl] 
with is the equivalent of cum. See With, Companion, Fellow. 

TOGETHEE, adv, 1st. In the same place, rendered by the affix 
— Mit, We live together, ** Kae-ai6ut." We stand together, 
*' Kae-tpi6ut." We lay down together, " Kae-kamini^ut." 

TOL 403 

They (cattle) stand together grazing, ^* Kogo^ut." The trees 
are planted together in the same forest, " Zili6ut." See Zil. 
They are scattered together, '^ PHut." See Pil. 
2d. In the same time, contemporaneously, I-nko, I-lnko sgalgalt, 
I-lnko 8p6ntich. Peter and Paul died together, "I-lnko sgal- 
galt u komip Piel u \\x Paul." Or prefixing nko to the verb 
used in the instrumental form. Peter had Paul for his com- 
panion in death, '*• NkuHellemiis t Piel \u Paul.'' In this 
phrase together^ an adverb, is changed into with^ a preposition. 
3d. In company, unitedly, rendered with the reduplicative verb. 
We eat together, " Kaes-elileni." We sleep together, " Kaes- 
-etitshi." We go together, " Kaes-gdigui, Kaes-shish^i." We 
quarrel together, " Kaes-titi^koti." Also rendered by with^ 
preposition. I eat with, I sleep with. See With. 

4th. Into union, into conjunction, by the affix — ^t^sCif one couple), 
— His (if more couples are united). I tie them together, " les- 
az6usem." They are tied together, " Es-az6us." They are 
married together, " Es-ngonogu6us ;" (of several couples) "Es- 
-ngonogu61is." I place them together, *' Ies-tkom6usem.'' I 
join them together, " Ies-ntgu86usem." I bind them together, 
" Ies-lch6usem." I paste them together, " les-zpak^usem." I 
sew them together, " Ies-tko6usem." I join them (joints) to- 
gether, " les-tps^usem." They quarrel together, " Es-eut's^usi, 
Bs-ut*86usi.'' See Eutus. 

5th. Together reciprocally, rendered by the reciprocal form in 
— uigui. We fight together as enemies, " Kaes-pelstu^gui." I 
fight with him, in his company, " les-nkulpelstu^gum." 

6th. Together with. See With. 

TOIL, fatigue, v. i. Ist. Chines-aigoti, Chines-chskuilti, Ohines-k61i 
t gemt. 

2d. With difficulty, Chines-chag^ili, les-chag^ilem. See Agal. 

TOILET, n. To make the toilet, Chines-t6zisti. 

TOKEN, n. sign- See Sign. 

TOLEKABLE, a, 1st. That can be supported, TuHeh. Intoler- 
able, Tas t^\. 

2d. N(iarly, sufficiently good or bad, G6il gest, G^il t6ie, etc. Are 
you well ? Tokrably, ^' A i-ku ges ? G6il." 

TOLEEATE, v, t Not to prevent, les-lziim ; usually made ellip- 
tical, Lzii, let it be so. See Suffer, Resist. 

404 TOO 

TOLL, n. To pay toll, Chines-chg^kapilem. See Tax, Eent. 

TOLL-GATHKEEE, n. Sgugiikam. 

TOMAHAWK, n. Snra^niguten.. 

TOMATO, n. Sguai^, because alike to a wild berry so called. 

TOMB, n. Ist. If the dead person be in, Sntemtemn^iten. 

2d. Simply the place to lay downadeadorany body else, Sntkotin. 

* Eepository, Ntkol^guten. 
TO-MOEEOW, adv, Ne galip. 

TONGS, n. Chipemen, Zookaminten (if used to pull out). 
TONGUE, n. Ist. Of flesh, Tiguzch. 
2d. As instrument of speech, Nkolko61ten, Spelimcnzin. 
3d. Language, the way of speaking, Nkolko^lten. 
4th. A whole language, Nkolko61ten. 

5th. As opposed to deeds and thoughts, Spelimenzin (lips). 
6th. To show out the tongue, Chines-tl^chzini. 
7th. To hold one's tongue, to keep silent, Chines-choopmi. 
8th. To hold one's tongue, to stop talking. Chines-h6izini. 
TONGUE AND.GEOOVE, v. t les-nloseusem. See Groove. 
TO-NIGHT, adv. Ne kuku^z. 
TONSUEE, w. E8-nail6skan. See Ail. 
TOO, ac?i;. 1st. Denoting excess. Mil. Too much,. '* Mi^- kutunt." 

Too many, " Mil go6it." Too few, " Mil: luet." 
2d. Likewise, also, in addition, Negu. I, too, shall die, " Negu 

koi6 m chin-tlil." 
TOOL, n. In general, K61emen. See Instrument. 
TOOTH, n. Ist. Gal^gu. 
2d. In composition, — 6is. 
3d. Canine teeth, Nusshineis. 
4th. Short teeth, Nlrguguz6is. 
5th. Old teeth, Nkasp^is, Niele^is. 
6th. White teeth, Ngal6is, Npikapikaeis. 
7th. Hollow teeth, Nlgogo^is. 
8th. Tooth-ache, Nzal6is. 
9th. Tooth lost, No68eis. 
10th. All teeth lost, Nzsp^is. 
11th. Broken tooth, Nkaup^is. 
12th. Tooth set in the gums, Nshit, Nzil, 
13th. Shaking tooth, Ni^t. 
14th. To pull teeth, les-nzook6isem. 

TOU 405 

15th. Eye tooth, Koeminten. 

TOP, n. iBt. A child's toy, ChiHet6. 

2d. Its iron stem on top, Nlpogk6inten. 

3d. Its iron pinion at the lower end, Nkollp6gshin. 

4th. To wind it, Chines-chialini ; wiper. Chialiish. 

6th. To throw it, les-zkaminem, (yhin-chiltet6. 

6th. Spinning, E8-k6lili. 

TOP, n, Ist. The highest part of a mountain, Skakalt. 

2d. To reach the top of a mountain. Chines-ska kalti. 

3d. To pass the top, les-chgozusiehenem. 

4th. Top of a tree, knife, etc., Snchamkan. See Chem. 

5th. Top of a man's head, Sntgu^uskan. 
Gth. Top of a house, Chemkanelgu. See Chem. 
TOP, V. t. 1st. To cover the top of. See Cover. 
2d. To rise above, surpass, Chgo6zt iu tel. 
3d. To cut the tops, les-gotim. ^ 
4th. To top off a stack, les-chmkok6inem. 

TOKCH, w. Ul listen ; pL Ululusten. 

TOEMENT, torture, v, t les-nkus^ltichem. See Tease. 

TOETOISE, n. Splku^ks. 

TOSS, V, /. 1st. With the hand, les-golzkazkaminzinem. 

2d. To move to and fro, up and down, as in a tempest, les-u61em, 

TOSS, V. L Chines-ulu^li. 

TOSSING, a. Uiluilt. 

TOTTBE, V. u Chines-iti^t'ti, Chines-ulu^li. 

TOUCH, V, t. 1st. To come in contact with, either with the hand 
or otherwise, les-ch ng um. 

2d. To be in contact, to be touched by, les-chnguminem. 

3d. To hit or strike an object, les-ilpnunem, les-teenunem. See 
Ilim, Te6. 

4th. To perceive by the sense of touching {palpare), les-chngum. 
A body can be touched, " Chngugutem lu malt.'' God cannot 
be touched, " Tas chngugutem ^^u Kolinzuten." 

5th. To touch by the hand, to lay one's hand upon, les-tkem. See 

6th. To reach, attain. See Eeach, Attain. 

7th. To speak of, Ies-chkolko61tem, les-dum. 

8th. To affect the sensibility, internal or external, les-chengum. 

406 TEA 

9lh. To infect, as contagious diseases, sin, les-chengum, les-chin- 

10th. To afflict, insult, Tee les-ch61tem, les-choinzutem, les-chen- 

11th. Feel. See Feel. 

TOUCH, V. i. Ist. To be in contact, Chines-chengumi, Chines-chen- 

2d. To lay one's hands on, Chines-tkami. 

TOUCHABLE, a, Chengugutem. 

TOUCHED, a. Infected, etc., Es-chingu. 

TOUGH, a. Tlizt. See Stiff, Hard. 

TOUE, n. To roake a tour, Chines-shitl61igui. 

TOW, V, t les-zkum. 

TOWAEDS, prep., Ch— . 

TO WEE (as bastion), Smito. 

TOWN, n. Es-keik^i, Es-k6i, Sniapk^in, Sniapk6inten. 

TOY, n. Kaikazl^. 

TEACE, n. Ist. Foot track, Sguiten. 

2d. Of anything that left its print, inasmuch as it refers to the place 
where the prints remain, Zuzupi^ut. 

3d. Trace, as referring to the object that left its own print im- 
pressed, Kolzupi^ut. 

TEACK, n. Ist. See Trace. 

2d. Beaten road or trail, Ngiiiten, Shushu^l. 

TEACK, V, L 1st. To follow the tracks of, les-ngiiiem, les-nshiiis- 
tem. See Scent. 

TEACTABLE, a. Agagaldtem, Koriutem. 

TEADE, V, L Chines-tomisti. 

TEADE, V. t. Ist. les-tomistem. 

2d. To trade together, Kaes-tomistemenu6gui. 

3d. I trade for him, les-tomistemshtem. 

4th. I trade his , or, it for him, les-tomistemHem. See Buy, 


TEADE, n. Ist. Stomist. 

2d. Occupation, Nk61emen. 

TEADEE, n. Sntomist, Sgutomist. 

TEADING PLACE, store, n. Sntomisten, Sntomistemenu^guten. 

TEADUCE, V. t. Ist. To expose, les-mimiim, les-nemi^pem. 

2d. To communicate by generation. See Communicate. 

TEA 407 

TBAIL, n. Shushu^l. ^See Eoad. 

TRAIL, V. i. To trail on the ground, Chines-zkulukualksi. 

TEAIN, t;. t. let. A horse, les-tgdgonunom. 

2d. A child, leH-pogtilshem. 

3d. To accustom, les-koemmim. 

TRAIaST, n. Ist. Of a gown, Zkulaku^lks. 

2d. Attendants, Sgazut, Sgazgazut, Nehshintin. 

TEAITOE, n. Guz'shernenzuten. See Guizsh. And it is exactly 
the Latin Tr adit or, 

TEAMP, n. B8-gust61egui. 

TEAMPLB, V. t. 1st. Ies-kalu6tem. 

2d. On his neck, Ies-chkalnt61psem. 

3d. To trample grain for threshing, Chines-kaluatkani. 

4th. To trample grain in the field, as wild animals do, wasting it, 

TEANQUIL, a. Ist. I-chin-keim. 

2d. Still, I-chin-tlil. See Calm. 

TEANSATLANTIC, a.-L chni8k6ts lu s'chilptlemdtiku. 

TEANSCEND. See Surpass. 

TEANSCEIBE, v. t les-kulkaim. 

TEANSFEE, t;. t. les-sipshilshem. 

TRANSFIGUEE, v. t Ohines-tgulemusi. 

TEANSPIX, V, t. Ies4go6usem, Ies-chiz6usem. See Through. 

TEANSFOEM, v. t. 1st. The form only, les-tigulem. See Dis- 

2d. The substance, les-koldisem t See Change, Transubstan- 

TEANSFOEM, v. i. Chines-kdlili. 

TEANSGEESS, v. L Chines-nguzik^. See Goez. 

TEANSGEESS, v. t. Jes-nguzaksem. 

TEANSITOEY, fleet, a. Tlagt. 

TEANSLATE, i\ t. 1st. ies-nmizinem. 

2d. Sec Transfer, Transport. 

TEANSMIGEATE, v. i. Chines-imshi. See Birds, Migrate. 

TEANSMIT, V, t les-kulstem, les-guiem. 

TEANSPAEENT, a. I-gal. See Diaphanous. 

TEANSPIEE, V, L 1st. To sweat, Chines-chskuilti. 

2d. To leak out, to come to light, Miip. 

TEANSPLANT, v. t les-sipshilshem. 

408 TRE 

TRANSPORT, v, t les-dkum. • 

TRANSUBSTANTIATE, r. t. les-kol^isem 1 I transubstan- 
tiate the bread into the body •of Jesus Christ, and the wine 
into his blood, " Ies-kol6isem ^-u snkolp6 tksk^ltiehs Jesu Kll, 
u lu nkuilku t ksnguls." 

TRANSVERSE, a, (as a deacon's stole, haversack), Snshalagan. 

TRAP, n. Ist. For beavers, etc., when it grasps the animals, Az- 

2d. Wooden trap that falls upon the animals, Chin^in. 

3d. I make him tall in the trap, les-azpndnem. 

TRAP, y. t, Ist. Beavers, with iron traps, les-azim. 

2d. Martins, with wooden traps, les-chin^inem. 

TRAP, V. i. Chines-azmi, Ohines-chin^ini. 

TRAPPINGS, n. 1st Ornaments, Chazenzuten. 

2d. Goods, traps, Stakelszut. 

TRAVEL, V. i. Ist. Chines-inisheluisi, Chines-gusteluisi. 

2d. On foot, Chines-gustolegui. 

3d. On horseback, Chines-chemtdusi. 

4th.' By night, Chines-iz'ti. 

5th. Down stream in a boat, Chines-igoti. 

6th. Dowr stream by land, Chines-nagoti. 

7th. Down stream in the stream, as fishes, Chines-agotusii 

8th. Down stream on high; as birds, Chines-nag^>ti\8i. 

9th. Up stream by land, Chines-nziilshi. 

10th. Up stream b}'^ boats, Ohines-ziilshi. 

11th. Up stream as fishes, Chines-ziilshusi. 

12th. Up stream in the air, Chines-nziilshdsi. 

13th. Travel by water, in general, Chiues-laapmi. 

TRAVERSE, v. t, Ist. To cr<588 at right angles, les-eimeuseni. 

2d. To cross by way of opposition, les-eutusem. 

3d. To wander over, les-silchemim. 

4th. To cross over to the other side, Ies-niek6m. 

5th. To pass through a needle's eye, or the like, les-chiek6m. 

6th. To pavss through an ordeal, to come out all right, Chin-teeko. 

7th. To traverse a mountain, Chin-gozusichen. 

8th. See Transfix, Through, Cross. 

TRAY, n. Snes'chenten. 

TREACHEROUS,'a. Ntaktakzin, Tktakat. 

TREAD, V. i. Chines-kalu^ti. 

TEE 409 

TREAD, y. t, 1st. les-kalu^tem, Ies-chkalu6tem. See Trample. 
2d. To print with the foot, les-zuzuura. 
TREASUEE, n. Stakelszut, Koi61eguten. 
TREASUEEE, n. Sgug^kam. 

TREAT, V, t, 1st. To use, les-ag^ilem, les-chzut^chstem. 
2d. To discourse on, les-chkolko^ltem, Ies-chu6u1shem. 
3d. To negotiate, les-chkamkarailshem. 
4th. To treat a patient, les-mali^raem. 

5th. In the sense n. 1st., usually a compound verb is made with 
kol — . ] treat him as a man, '* les-ag6ilem t-sk61igu, les-kol- 
skMigum." I treat him as a woman, *' Ies-ag6ilem t-Rme6m, 
Ies-kolsme6mem." I treat him as a fool, " les-ag^ilem t-ps^ie, 
les-kolsps^iem.'* See Kol. I treat him as a dog, " les-kol- 
Inkokosm^chshinem, -les-ag^ilem t-nkokosm6." I treat him 
as a father, " Ies-koll'pog6tem, Ies-ag6ilem t-pog6t." 

6th. I treat him well, Gest u les-^zgam. 

TREATY, n. 1st. As a talk for a treaty, Skamkamilsh. 

2d. As written, Kaimin. 

TEEE, n. 1st. sing. Es-shite ; pL Zelzilt. N.B. — In comp., — ^Iko. 

2d. Tall tree, Usshin^lko. 

3d. Short tree, Lguzalko. 

4th. Thick tree, pH^lko. 

5th. To cut trees with the axe, Chines-shel^lkoi, Chinos-shl6pi. 

6th. To cut trees with the saw, Chines-nichpi. 

7th. The tree shakes, Es-i^t'ti.. 

8th. The tree is inclining, ready to fall, Es-koz*chemi, kozich. 

9th. The tree lays on the ground, Es-chize. The trees , I-pin. 

10th. To peel a tree round, les-chaumalkom. See Eum. 

11th. One tree, Nkoalko. Two trees, Asldlko. 

TEEMBLE, v, i. Ist. Chines-gualpmi, I-chin-gudlgual. 

2d. Tremble ot cold, Chines-chzleini. 

TEEMENDOUS, a. Ist. terrible, Ngallutem, Kdskust. 

2d. Excessive, Tas-tul. 

TEENCH, V, t. 1st. To dig as a ditch for water, Chines-tel6tikui. 

2d. To cut a ditch, not for water, les-telulegum. 

3d. Abusively, to make a trench in the river for catching fish, 
Chine8-koi6goi. See Dam, Barrier. 

TEEPHJNE, V, t the skull, les-nlgo^uskanem. 

TEESPASS, V. L Chines-nguz^ksi, Chines-nissakai. 

410 TRU 

TEIAL. See Koen. 

TRIANGLE, n. ChaUlko. 

TRIBE, n. Nko61igu. 

TRIBUNAL, n. Snchzogoepil6ten. 

TRIBUTARY (stream), Ntgo6tiku. See Tguni. 

TRICK, n. Ist. To play tricks, to joke,^Chine8-po8z^ni, les-poos^- 

2d. In trade, les-koilera. 

3d. To play a trick to a fellow, lesehposz^nem. 
TRICKY, a. Ist. smart, Pagp^gt. 
2d. Joking, Np6sp'szin. See Cheat. 
TRIFLE, V, i, Ohines-poszani, Chines-memszuti. 
TRIM, V, t Ist. To set in order, les-shitlim. 
2d. See Adorn. 

3d. Trim the lamp. See Snuff. 
TRIP. See Travel. 
TRIPLE, Es-sitch. 

TRIUMPH, V. i. Ist. To rejoice, Chines-npi6lsi. 
2d. To triumph over an enemy, to beat him, les-tlegupera, les- 

-koanganem, Ies-ui61tem. These two last mean to make 

3d. To be stronger, ies-elk6m. 
4th. To trample down, Ies-kalu6tem. 
TROT, V, i. Chines-zilshilshi. 
TROUBLE, V, i, 1st. To put into confused motion water, etc., les- 

2d. To disturb, les-m^chstem, les-nmezinem. See Mee. 
TROUBLE, n. To be in, i-chin-m^e. 
TROUBLESOME, a. Nmemezin, Mem6et. 
TROUT, n. 1st. PisK 
2d. Salmon trout, Aizchst. 
3d. Salmon trout creek, Snaizchst. 
4th. Small salmon trout, Snlai, Snl-aizchst. 
TROWEL, n. T61emen. 
TRUANT, a. I-chin-cho, Chin-chounzi\t. 
TRUCK, n. Zkuminten. 

TRUE, a, On^gu, and it answers all the meaning of the English. 
TRUMPET, 72. Ist. Npugulz6ten. 

TUE 411 

2d. To blow the trumpet, Ie8-np6gum lu npugiilz^ten. 

TRUMPETER, n. Sgunpugulze. 

TRUNK, n. Ist. Of animals, Sk^ltich. 

2d. Of a tree, Skaltch^lko, S16kolko. 

8d. Valise. See Box. 

TRUST, n. 1st. Confidence, Snmdsels, Nmiiselsten. 

2d. To buy in trust, Chines-koUgulguilti. 

3d. What is given in care, S*chit61, Szchiite. 

4th. The ground of confidence, Nmiiselsten, Chnmuselsten. 

TRUST, V, t. Ist. To place confidence in, les-nmdselsem, les-tku- 

elsemistem, Ies-noningu6nem, Ie8-kuten61sem. 
2d. To believe, to credit, les-noningu^nem. 
3d. To commit the care of, les-chit61em. 
4th. To commit oneself to the care of, les-chitelemistem. 
5th. To sell on credit, les-kol-inem. 

TRUST, V. i, 1st. To be credulous, Chin-nononinguenul. 
2d. I think, Chines-nt61si. 
TRUSTEE, n. Sgitchitim. 

TRUSTFUL, a. Worthy of confidence, Mselsutem. 
TRUTH, n. 1st. The being true, Son6gu, On6gu. 
2d. The practice of telling the truth, veracity, Non^guten. 
TRUTHFUL, a. Onfegu. 
TRY, V, t, Ist. les-ko^nem. 

2d. Judicially, Ies-chkonm6pilem, Ie8-chzogo6pilem. 
3d. To try hard, Chines-ioioszuti, Chines-koilemisti. 
TUB, n. For washing, Ntku^tikunten. 
TUESDAY, Tikulasel^skat. 
TUMOR. See Boil, Swell. 
TURBID, a. Ntiku. 
TURKEY, n. Nshelshalt^ks. 
TURN", V, t, 1st. To cause to move in a centre, as a wheel, to roll, 

2d. To turn a log, box, etc., making it show another side, les-pel- 

3d. To turn end for end, les-silchemim. 

4th. To make one face otherwise, les-ntagolusem, ntagoMsen. 
5th. To turn one's face to, les-chntagolusem, chntagolusemen. 
6th. To turn one's face, Chines-ntagolusi. 
7th. To turn one's back, Chines-nmenchini. 

412 TWE 

8th. To turn another's back, les-nmenchinem, nmenchin. 

9th. To turn one's back to, Jes-chnmenchinem, chnmenehinemen. 

10th. To turn the eyes around, Chines-shitlusi. 

11th. To turn the eyes upward, Chines-nzkiisi. 

12th. To turn down the eyes, Chines-chemlemldsi. 

13th. To turn a horse from the road, les-pelutem. 

14th. To change, convert, transform, Ies-kol6isem, Ie8-k61ilem. 
See Change. 

15th. To turn away, Ies-6zkaem, les-meeminem. 

16th. To turn coat, Chines-niekoshilshi (lit. To cross oyer to the 
other side). 

17th. To turn out, les-zkamenchinelgum, Ies-6zkaem. 

18th. To turn over, to transfer, convey, les-guizshem. See Over- 

19th. To turn the back, Chin-pelchus. 

TURN, V, L 1st. To move round, as a hand of a watch, les-sil- 

2d. To turn a wheel on its own axis, Es-g61komi. 

3rd. To turn as a log, to change side, Es-pelchmi, pellichch. 

4th. To hang, depend, Es-chleemi. 

5ih. To result, terminate, E8-k61ili. All turns for the good of the 
good, *' hu gol gesgest sk^ligu esii nem k61il t-kl^ngestiis." 

6th. To take a different course, to deflect, Chines-ntagolusi. 

7th. To be changed, Es-k61ili, Bs-kol6isi (fio). 

8th. To charge oneself, Chines-k6listi (fio, mefacio). To be turned 
bad, " K6list t6ie." It turned into a serpent, " K6lil t s'che- 
uile." He turned into a devil, " Kolist t sgo61emin." 

9th. My head turns, Chin-selsoleraHumshi. 

10th. My stomach turned, Chin-chch6riis. See Chelim. 

11th. To turn back, Chines-pelchusi. See Back. 

12th. To turn around oneself, Chines-selchemenzuti. 

13th. To take a sharp turn, as a boat on a sudden, Inip'p. 

14th. To be tossed, to turn one way and the other way, Es-u^rii. 

TUENIP, n. Milmilko. 

TURTLEDOVE, w. Hemishemis. 

TURTLE, tortoise, w. Spelku^ks. 

TUTOR, n. Ist. guardian, Chitenzuten, Nehitelemisten. 

2d. Teacher, Mienzuten. 

TWEEZERS. See Pincers, Tongs. 

UNC 413 

TWELVE, num, 6pen e\ esh\ ; pers. Ch6pen e\ ches61. 
TWENTY, num. EseWpen ; pers. Cheselbpen. 
TWICE, adv. Es^l. 

TWIG, n. Kulatelp. Green twig, Chkuilp. 
TWINS, n. Es-ness^lil. 
"twine, n. St6pak8, Sispi. 
TWIST, V. t Ist. Into thread, les-topem. 
2d. To squeeze, les-koem. 

3d. To twist a green bough, twig, Ies-i6lem. v 

TWO, 1st. num. Es61; pers. Ches^l. In comp. Asl — . 
2d. Two lines, as in a procession, Kaes-aslksusti, Kaes-aselusi. 
TYPE, n. 1st. See Mark, Print, Stamp. 
2d. A figure, sign, Tkolsugum6ten. 
3d. For printing, Kaiminten 
TYPOGEaPHY, n. SnkoUkaiminten. 
TYKANT, n. Kulguzguzmdchst. 



UDDEK, n. Ska6m. 

UGLY, a. Tas gest, T6ie, Chechet. 

ULCEK, Spozt. See Poz, Sore. 

UMBKELLA, n. Chilchdisten. 

UNABLE, a. 1st. Tas iopieut, Tas io. 

2d. Unable to do it, Tas Ikont^s, Es-tiligum. 

UNANIMOUS, a. I-nko lu spuusz, I-nko spuds. 

UNBELIEYEE, n. Kaikaius^men. 

UNBECOMING, unbeseeming, a. Tas i6. 

UNBKAID, V. t. les-migom. 

UNCEKTAIN, a. 1st. Not certain, Ta i-smii. 

2d. Unreliable, Tarn msclsutem. 

3d. See Doubtful. 

UNCLE, n. 1st. My (man's or woman's) father's brother, Is-sile. 

2d. My father's father's brother, I-sgept. 

414 UXD 

3d. My father's lather's father's brother, In-topie. 

4th. My (man's or woman's) mother's brother, Is-sii. 

5th. My mother's father's brother, Is-gile. 

6th. My mother's father's father's brother, In-t6pie. 

7th. My wife's lather's brother, I-8gag6e. 

8th. My husband's father's brother, l-sgag6e. 

UNCLEAN, a, Ta i-sgdku. 

UNCONDITIONAL, n, Ta kaepl tam. 

UNCONSCIOUS, n. Tas miszut, Tas mistes, l-slup. 

UNCOUPLE, i\ t. Ie8-tal6usem, les-talp^usem. 

UNCOUTH See Coarse. 

UNCOYEE, V. t. Ist. To take off what covers and lay an object 
bare, les-chehdm. Said especially of any part of the body. 

2d. To uncover it all round, [es-chch'heizem. 

3d. To uncover another's face, les-ch'h^usem. 

4th. To uncover one's face, Chines-ch'h^usi. 

5th. I uncover my head, Chines-ch'chak6ini. See Chines-ptl^keini. 

6th. I uncover my breast, C-hines-chpt^gozchi. 

7th. To expose a thing to view, to show, les-lakomim. Uncovered, 

8th. To expose a thing to inspection, Ies-ko6nem, ko6n. 

9th. To strip. See Strip. 

10th. To take off the lid of a kettle, etc., Chines-chagkukeini, les- 
-chagkuk6inem. See Chehek. 

UNCOYEEED, a. 1st. Open to the sight, as hills when the snow 
is gone, Laiko. 

2d. With no cover on, Chch'heize. 

3d. With no clothes, I-chitem6lgu. 

4th. Stripped of his clothes, Cbzs^lgu. 

TJNDEE, underneath, prep. Ist. Beneath, in a place lower than, 
L-kolishut. Under us there is hell; " Lkae-kolishiit u Izii hi 
sgo^lemen." Its opposite is L-s'chnuist. Above us there is 
heaven, " Lkae s'chnuist Izii \n schchemaskat." 

2d. Immediately under, so that the object above rests on the 
lower, prefix ko^ — to the verb that governs this preposi- 

N.B. — The Spokans would use Chil^ instead of KoK Also, 
some seem to pronounce Kol^, and some Kul. Even in this 
dictionary both spellings are promiscaously used. Its oppo- 

UNB 415 

site would be Chil or Ch, On top. 1 place it under , "les- 

-kuHkora kw 1 '* Place it under thy feet, " KuHk6nt hi 

laszoshin." It is placed under stone, " Rs-kuHdko \u 1 
ssh^nsh/' See Tkom. I stick it in ray bosom, *^ Ies-kulka6m 
lu 1 iska^m." I lay that log under the house, as a foundation, 
^" les-kuH'hzim lu Izitgu." See Foundation. I pull it out from 
under my bosom, " les-kulkutl-^nchem." 
TJNDEK, adv, 1st. below, lower, L skoHshut, ishut. See Down, 

2d. Immediately under, Kol — , Kul — , without the preposition /. 
It is under, " Es-knltoko." It is on top, " Es-chiltoko.'' See 

3d. The pail goes under (the water), sinks, Chsou. See Cos. (Lit, 
It goes out of sight.j If we would mean that the pail is under 
the water, the water being on top of it, Es-kulzak \u 1 s6ulku. 
If meaning that the water is above, the pail below, I}s-zak lu 
Iskolishuts l-u seulku. 

4th. To push it under, to place it out of sight, Ie8-no6sem. See 

5th. The sun goes under, sets, Ch8o6skan. 

UNDEE, a. See Substitute. 

UNDEKGrO, V, t, Ist. To bear sustain, suffer, les-niu^lsem. 

2d. In other senses it is omitted and the phrase altered. I undergo 
the amputati'^>n of my arm, Chin-gotigan, Kogot^gantem (lit, 
I had my arm amputatedj. 

UNBER-GOWN, under-clothes, under-wear, SkoHshtalks (from 

UNBER-GROUNB, L nishtolegu. 

UXBERLIE, V, i, Chines-kultkomi, Chin-kulchize, according to 
the object placed under. See Place, Put. 

UNDERMINE, v, t. les-kuHelim, les-kulzikam. 

UNDERPIN. See Foundation. 

UNDERSIGN, v, t, les-kaim. See Sign. 

UNDERSTAND, v. t, 1st. To apprehend the meaning of, to com- 
prehend, les-nsi\gunem. 

2d. I understand by hearing, les-chmiinem. See Mii. 

3d. By seeing it, les-chmiisem. 

4th. I understand, know how to do it, Chines-miechsii. 

5th. To be apprised, to hear the report, les-leshinom. 

416 UNF 

6th. I understand it to be so, I judge, I suppose to mean, Chines- 

7th. T understand his language, interpret him, les-nmizineiD. 
UNDBKSTAND, v. i. 1st. To comprehend, Chines-nsdgunei, Chi- 

2d. To be conscious, of age, Tie chin-nsugune, Tie chin-pagpagt. 
3d. To be conscious, to know what happens, Chines-misz^ti. 
4th. To be informed, to learn, Chines-I^shini, Chin-s^une, Chin- 

UNDEESTANDABLE, a. Mipdtem, Nsuguguneutem. 
UNDEKSTANDING, n. Spagpdgt, Nkulpagaminten, Nsugun^- 

UNDEETAKE, v. t. 1st. To take upon oneself, les-kun^m. 
2d. To engage oneself, Chines-nt61si nem, Ohines-zuti nem, les- 

UNDE:^TAKEE, n. SguUkam. 
U>iDEE.WAEE, n. Skolisht^lks. See Ishut. 
UNDETEEMINEB, undecided, a. Chines-i^rami, 16miemt, Chines- 

UNDEYOUT, a, I-chin-p^u, I-chin-p^upot. 
UNDO, V. t. les-maum. 
UNDEESS, V. t. 1st. To take off the dress, les-chz's^lgum. See 

2d. Undress a bandage, les-talim. 
UNDULATE, Es-ulu^li, Uiluilt, Itidlt. 
UNEAETH, V. t. 1st. To take out of the earth, les-zikam, les-nkn- 

2d. To bring out of concealment, Ies-mipeni\nem. 
UNEASY, a. Ist. To be uneasy, Chines-koltkap61si, Chinos-neo'- 

2d. Difficult. See Difficult, Hard. 
3d. Troubled, Mee. 
4th. Occasioning trouble, Memeet. 
UNEQUAL, a. Tarn potu 8h6i. 
UNEEEING, a. Tas sellip'p. 
UNEYEN. SeeEough. 
UNEXCEPTIONABLE, a. Ta ept enuiluilt. 
UNFAIE, a. Tas i6, Tas gest, Tarn potu sh^i. 
UNFAITHFUL, a, Ikoist^men, Tktalkat. 

UNI 417 

XJNFAYOKABLE (to* mo), a, Ie8-chche86ra. See Ches, Zehe, 

UNFETTER, v. t les-talim. 
UNFIT, a. Tas 16, Tarn p6tu sh^i. 
UNFOLD, V. t. let. To open the folds, les-maum. 
2d. To manifest, les-Iakoraim. See Uncover. 
UNFOUNDED, a. Itonemus. 
UNFREEZE, v. L Chines-oimi. 
UNFROCK, V. t Ies-6zkaem. 
UNGODLY, a. Ko^ukot, Ps^ie. 
UNGOVERNABLE, a. Udkaukt, Tas tgogoutem. 
UNHANDY, awkward, a. Tas mistes. 
UNHAPPY, a. Konkoint. 

UNBARNESS, v. t. les-m^um lu s'chagskagaeten. 
UNHINGE, V. t. les-tipmim lu tel nebemt6usten. 
UNIFORM, a, 1-nko. 

UNION, n. ^11 i-8nk6o, I-snkouilsh, Nkouilshthen, Snulus, Nul li- 
sten, Naz^usten, Ntps^usten, Ntps^listen, etc., as from the next 

verb. See Communion. 
UNITE, V. t. 1st. So as to make one whole, Ies-nk6om, nk6om- 

2d. To join intimately, les-nulusem. May God unite you, " Pks- 

-niildsem t Kolinzuten." 
3d. To join them together, so that they eompenetrate one another, 

Ies-nlus6usem^ nluseusen. 

4th. To attach it to , les-chazim 1 

5th. To attach them together, les-az^usem, az6u8en. 

6th. To bind it to , les-chlchim 1 

7th. To bind them together, les-leh^usem, Ich^usen. 

8th. To cause to adhere to , les-chzpakem 1 

9th. To make them adhere together, [es-chzpak^usem. 

10th. To couple, as a span of horses, also of married couples, les- 

11th. To put them together, horizontally, les-tkom^usom ; as of 

boards of a floor laid side by side, grooved, Ies-nlus6usem. 
12th. To put them together side by side, vertically, Ies-nshit's6u 

sem, as the lining in a room, picket fence. 
13th. To connect them, les-azeusem. 

418 UNL 

14th. To connect in marriage bond, les-ngonogu^usem. 

15th. To joint them, les-ntps^usera. 

16th. By se^Ying them together, les-tko^usem. 

17th. To make one piece, as two handkerchiefs, les-nol^usem. 

UNITE, V. L Ist. To become one, Chine8-nk6oi, Chines-nkooilshi. 

2d. To adhere to, Chines-chzpakami, Chin-chzpdtk. 

3d. To be attached, Chines-azmi, Chin-aaz. 

4th. To be attached to, Chin-chaaz. 

5th. To be grafted, jointed together, Es-ntps^us. 

6th. To join in act, to concur, les-sh^iem, Chines-nshi^Isi. 

7th. To join a party, Chine8-nsh6i. 

8th. To gather together, Kaes-iaami, Kaes-i^a. 

UNITED, a. 1st. I-nk6o, I-nkouilsh, Es-chzpk^us, Es-azeus, Es- 
-npts^us, Es-tkoeus, Es-ngonogoeus, Es-nol6u8, Es-nshit^ns. 

2d. I am united with him, I-nkoorasten, I-nkouilshemen, Chzpk^n- 
semen, Azeusemen, Ntps^usemen, Ngonogo^usemen. 

I unite myself to him, Ist. I have it attached on me by myself, Ics- 
-chazenzutem, chazenzutemen. 

2d. I have it intimately united with me, com penetrating me, les- 
-nulusenzutem, nulusenzutemen. 

3d. I have it joined to me, added to me, les-ntgusenzutein, ntgu- 

4th. I have it put on me, as a dress, les-nlgupenzutem, nl^gupenzu- 
[All these forms may express the hypostatic union.] 

5th. Our hearts are united, one, I-nk6o hi kae-spuds. Your liearts 
must be united, I-ks-nk6oi lu spuusemp. Their hearts must 
unite, become- one, I-ks-nk6oi \\i spuusz. Our hearts must 
grow into one, get united, I-ks-nkouilshi lu spuusemp. Unite 
your hearts, I-nk6om8kui hi spuusemp. Thou must have one 
heart with thy fellow chief, I-kuks-nkospuusi lu 1 asnkuHli- 
migum. You must unite, gather together your hearts, I-pb- 

UNITY, n. Ist. The being one, hn snko. 

2d. Unity of heart, hu snkospuus. 

UNIYEESAL, a. 1st. For all time or space, L esmilko. 

2d. For all persons^ L esi^. 

UNIVERSE, n. hu 8t61igu. 

UNLAWFUL, a. Es-chgaen6pile. 

UNY 419 

UNLESS, conj. hu ne ta. 

UNLIKELY, adv. Go6 ta. 

UNLIMITED, a. Ta ep8'h6i. See End, Endless. 

UNLOCK, V. f. les-kolinrad-upem, Ies-koHnche'^ku6peni. 

UNLOAD, V, t, les-chtalim ; ies-touk6m (to take down). 

UNLUCKY. See Luck. 

UNMAERIED, a. 1st. man, Tituit. 

2d. Woman, Stiichmish. 

UNPACK, V. t, Ist. a horse, les-ntalishinem. 

2d. Unpack goods, les-chtalizem (if they are in bales). 

UNRAVEL, V. t. leles-maum. 

UNRIPE, a, 1st. Immature, Es-g6iu. 

2d. Sour, I-z6ol. 

3d. Not ripe, of grains, Tas koe^l. 

4th. Of fruits not yet ripe, Tas pi^k. 

UNRULY, a. Uikaukt. 

UNSAY, V. t See Retract. 

UNSEAL, unscrew, v. t, leles-mium. 

UNSHACKLE, *!;. t les-talim. 

UNSHEATHE, v, t. les-nzokem. 

UNSKILFUL, a, Tas mist6s. 

UNTIE, V. t les-talim. 

UNTIL. See Till. 

UNTIRING, a. Tas aigotutem. 

UNTRAYELED, a. Tas guidtem. 

UNVEIL, V. t. 1st. Ies-chch6m. 

2d. To remov^e the veil from all round, les-chchheizem. 

3d. To remove the veil from on top, as to unveil the chalice, les- 

-chilchheenem. See Uncover. 
UNWELL, a. Not in good health, Ta is-ges. 
UNYOKE, V. t, les-m^um hi chzatpkanten. 

Note. — All the words beginning with wn, meaning undoing, 

can safely be rendered by les-maum. 
UP, adv, (exactly the Italian Sd), 1st. In a high, L nuist, L ch 

2d. I am up, from bed, Chin-gutilsh. Up, boys, " Gutelilshui 

3d. I am up, from sitting, Chin-t6shilsh, Chin-echsuish. Up, boys, 

'' Tpipui." 

420 USA 

4th. I am up, on top, Chin-kakalt. 

5th. I go up a hill, Chines-shalluti. 

6th. I go up a ladder, or perpendicularly up, Chines-nuisseishi. 

7th. The sun is up, Tie galip, Tl^cheh lu spakani. 

8th. I am up, either in high office, or ready for a flight or duty, 

9th. I am up, J am high, Chin-nuist. 
10th. 1 am up to it, Es-mist^n, Lkont^n. 
11th. Up. See Until. 

12th. I am up, done up, Chin-h6i, Chin-ntlapaks. 
13th. To come up with one, les-nchiznichem. 
VF,p7'ep, 1st. See Go. 
2d. Up the stream, up the country, in a direction opposite to the 

current of the main stream. See Stream, River, Travel. 
UPBRAID, V. t, les-chilikonem. See Reproach. 
UPHEAVE, V. t To lift up, les-kolgoem. 
UPHEAVAL, n. Es-m6ko, Es-mkokomi. 
UPLIFT, r. f. Ist. From below, Ies-kol^go6m. 
2d. Lift up the arm, Chines-gu^lchst. 
UPON, prep. Ch— , Chis— , Chi^— . See On, Over. 
UPRIGHT, a, Ist. Echsuishi -, pL Tpi^ut, Tpip. 
2d. Of trees, columns, etc., Es-shite; pL Es-zelzil. 
3d. Honest, I-t6g. 
UPROOT, V. t. Ies-zook6m. 
UPSET, V, t 1st. les-kuelchem 
2d. To toss prior to upset, les-u^riem. 
UPSIDE DOWN, a. Es-ku61ch. 
UPSTAIRS, adv. L nuist. 
UPWARD, adv. Ch nuist. 
URETHRA, n. Sntcheiten. 

URGE, V. t. 1st. To push, les-kupem, les-aitzem. 
2d. Morally, les-koimzinem, les-koilzinem, les-koimchstein, Jes- 

3d. les-si^chstem, les-pizem, les-pizchstem. See Piz. 
URINATE, y. i. Chines-tch^i. 
URINE, n. StchM. 
URSA MAJOR, n. Smgeichinaskat. 
US, pr. pers. Kaempil6. See the relative verbs. 
USAGE, n. 1st. The mode of using, Nkolemen. See L^se. 

USE 421 

2d. Custom, Sko6m, Zuut. 

USE, V, t. Ist. To make use of, to convert to one's use, rendered 
by making an instrumental verb of the substantive expressing 
the object used. This instrumental form of the verb is made 
by affixing — menem or — minem to the substantive and con- . 
jugating it after paradigma (9), (11). I use that blanket, 
" les-sizem, sizemen zi sizem." I use that house, '^ les-zitgum, 
zitgumen zi zitgu." I use that shoe, " les-kaeshinmineni, 
kaeshinminemen zi kaeshin." I use that horse, *^ les-gatlzi- 
nem, gatlzinemen zi gatlzin.'' I use that boat, " les-laapti- 
nem, laaptinemen zi tli^e.*' I use that wagon, " Golkomen zi 
g<51ko." 1 use that pen, paper, " Kaiminemen zi kaimin.'' 
This pen, paper has not jet been used, ^^ Ziu es-kaiminem ie 
kaimin." I use that trap, " Azminemen zi azminten." 

2d. When the object used is an indefinite one, i.e, preceded by «, 
an, some, any, the indefinite verb will answer. I use a plough, 
" Chines-telulegui.'* 1 use a shoe, *•' Chines-kaeshinmi.*' In 
the first sense aforesaid it is noticed that the object is always 
definite, this or that, his, etc. "^ 

3d. To behave towards, to treat, Ies-chzut6chstem. See Treat. 

4th. To accustom, to render familiar, pleasing, les-koemminem, 
les-chkoemminem. 1 am used to hard labor, '^ Chkoemmin \n 

5th. To use up. See Consume, Tire. 

6th. Other phrases must be made conformable to this language, v.g. 
I use no sugar, " Tas ilen lu tish." Use kindness to all, 
" Knks-g6sti 1 esi^." 

7th. To make use of anyone to carry out our wishes, les-nchitech- 
mistem. See Chitech. 

8th. To make something with it, les-kolstemmem, Tee-ies-kolst6m- 
mem, Ies-t6mmem. I wish you could use my heart, do some- 
thing with it ! *' Komi ko-kolst^mmeltgu lu i-spuus. See 
Stem, Tee. 

9th. To use it for such purpose, or in such manner, les-ag^ilem. 
See Agal. 

USE, V, i, Ist. Chin-ep sko6m. See Koem. 1 use to pray, " I-sko- 
6m lu nchaumen,'' (if meaning that I grew into liking prayer). 

2d. I do it continually, rendered by the continuate tense. I am 
used to pray, " Ohines-ch^um.'' See Accustom. 

422 UXO 

USE, n. Ist. The act of using any article is as multitudinous as the 
objects themselves, and must be formed from the verb above- 
mentioned, and from the like. In general we may say Nko- 
lemeu, ix. The way of working. 
. 2d. Occasion, need to employ. J have use of that, les-iapzinem. 
I have no use of it, Ta is-iapzinem. 

3d. Advantage derived, utility, of use, Iopi6ut, Gest. No use, I- 
-tenemus. See Useful. 

4th. Of what use is it to me ? Ikt-nt^mten ? Jt is of some use, Tce- 

USEFUL, a. Ist. In general, Jopieut. See Powerful. 

2d. In comp., S'mis — , S'mil^ — . My knowledge is useful, " Chines- 
-s'mis-miszdti." Mary is a useful, worthy mother, " S'mii- 
-pog6t Maly." I think Mary is a valuable mother, " les-kol- 
-s*mis-pog6tem Maly," and so on. This particle S'mis is the 
opposite of I-tenemus (useless). 

3d. Nothing can be done with it, Tam tee kl^-nt^mten. 

USELESS, w. 1st. I-tenemiis. 

2d. In comp., SkamI, Skams. Ho is a useless fellow, '^* Skaml- 
chindks." Thou art a useless chief, " Ku-skamlilimigum." 
You have a worthless horse, *^ Ku-skaml^gatl^zin." Or, I-tene- 
mus sk^ligu ; I-ku-tenemus ku-ilimigum ; I-tenemus 4u an- 
-gat^zin. Nothing can be done with it, " Tam tee kl^nt^mten." 

USHER, r. t. To introduce, Ies-n61gum. 

USURP, V, t. les-nakom. You usurped the ehieftanship, the presi- 
dency, the throne, " N^komentgu \u silimigum." 

UTENSILS. See Instrument. 

UTERUS, n. Sngusigulten. 

UTMOST, a. 1st. extreme, the last. See Extreme, Last. 

2d. The greatest, highest, Es-nshiizin. 

3d. Utmost, the most that can be, Ne ks. 

UTTER, V. t les-^um. 

UTTERLY, adv. 1. Utterly tired, I-chin-aigot. 

UVULA, n. Snshalt'skam^lten. 

UXORICIDE, n. Pupelszut. 


YAN 423 


YACANOY, vacant, 1st. Empt}^ I-no61. 

2d. Unoccupied, Chitemdpile, Es-gak. 

3d. Space between bodies, Es-gak, Ngakeus. 

4th. Yacant possession, Ta epl^ chshiepile. 

VACATE, V. t. To make vacant, clear, Ies-gak6m. See Clear. 

VACCINATE, V, t. les-ptkuaganem. 

VACCINATED, Chines-ptkudgan. 

VACILLATE, v, L 1st. Chines-u^rii, Chines-iat'ti. 

2d. To fluctuate in mind, Chines-idmmi. 

VACUOUS, vacuum, n. I-no61. 

VAGABOND, a, 1st. Floating about without direction, Pilpilt, 


2d. Moving from place to place, without settled habitation, Ua- 

kaukt, Koilkoh, Es-gusgustdligu. 
YAG-UE, a. Uiluilt. 
VAGINA, n. Sgut. 

VAIN, a. 1st. Worthless, I-tenemus, I-no61. 
2d. Conceited, Kaguk^gut. ^• 
VALET, n, S'chemtep. 
VALIANT, a. Sisius. 

VALID, a. Ioi6t, 16, On6gu, l-p6tu shei, Gest. 
VALLEY, w. Es-toko, Es-tkoulegu. See Side. 
VALUE, n. See Worth. 

VALUE, V, t, 1st. To rate at a certain price, to estimate, Chin- 
-nt61s. I value it at a hundred dollars, " Chin-ntels nkok6in 
2d. To state the price, les-aum lu t-sh^i u ezagalskuinsh u ks-nei- 

3d. To value high, les-kutcnelsem, les-nkutenaksem, les-kolnku- 

VANISH, V, L Chines-chooi, Chines-choonziiti. 
VANITY, n. 1st unrealness, I-tenemus, Lu stenemus. 
2d. Inflation of mind, Skegtemist, Skagukegut. 
VANQUISH, V. t, Ist. To defeat, to get the best of, les-tlegupem. 
2d. To put down, les-tkom, les tkomim. 


424 VER 

3d. To conquer and subjugate, to make captivo, les-koangar.em, 

4th. To reduce to silence, res-chopim. 
VAPOR, n. Spudg. See Steam, Evaporate. 
VARIABLE. See Changeable. 
VARIANCE, disagreement, n. I am at variance, Tigulem \u 

2d. I am against him, les-eutusem. 
3d. We are at variance, we disagree, we are against each other, 

VARIETY. See Kinds. 
VARIOUS, of several !:inds, Es-ngoe^ksem. 
VARlSrrSH, n. Minemen. 
VARNISH, V. t. les-minem. 
VEGETATE, v, L Es-kualemi. 
VEHEMENT, a. Ioi6t, Pizpizt. See Sharp. 
VEHICLE, w. Zkumin, G61ko, Nguiluisten. 

VEIL, V. t. 1st. One's face, (^hines-iligusi. See Cover, Conceal. 
2d. Veil one's head, Chines-chialkani. See lal. 
VEIL, w. Jst. For the face, Niligusten. See Screen, Curtain. 
2d. For the head, Chialkukan. 
VJGIN, n. Kdka^u. 
VENERABLE, n. Npoteten. 
VENERATE, v. t. Ies-p6teem, les-heem. 
VENEREAL, a. (^hech^t. See Syphilis. 
VENGEANCE. See Avenge, Revenge. 
VENIAL, a. 1st. Capable of being forgiven, Koigoriutem; and 

thus every sin is venial. 
2d. Not mortal. Tarn nteleltin. 

3d. Accidentally venial, by want of attention, Sllup. 
VENOM. See Poison. 
VENTILATE, v. t, les-ga^m. 
VERANDA, V. Kolch^isten. 
VERBOSE, a. Ngoeezin. 
VERGE, n See Brink. 
VERMILLION, n. Ut Idzenien. 

2(1. To paint one's face with vermillion, Chines guemsi. 
3d. To paint with vermillion, in general, Chines-guemi. 
VERMIN, n. Kott^goe. See Louse. 

VIL 425 

VERSATILE, a. Itidt. 

VERY, a. Ist. true, On^gu. 

2d. Also, N6gu. 

3d. The same one, the very one, iiish^i. 

VERY, adv. 1st. really, I. It is very cold, I-zalt. Very clever, 
I-pagp^gt. Very bad, I-t^ie. 

2d. Much, Kutunt. 

VESICATE, V, t. 1st* To raise blisters. See Blister. 

2d. To apply a blister, les-shinim. 

VESSEL, n. 1st. In general, Nes'ch6nten. See Es'chen. 

2d. For boat, ship, Tli6e. 

3d. All vessels have a particular name. 

VEST, n. Skulchmchmpagan (lit. What is on both extremities un- 
der the arms). 

VESTIGE, n. 1st. Of persons, animals, Sguiten. 

2d. Prints left in any manner in regard to the one that left the 
prints, Es-kolzuu. In regard to the place where the vestiges 
remain, Es-zupi6ut. See Zuu. 

VEX. See Trouble, Tease. 

VEXATIOUS, a. Mem^et. 

VIATICUM, w. 1st. Provisions for a journey, St^chel. 

2d. Holy viaticum, St^chel, Snkaezin. 

VICAR, n. Nlkalshelpenziiton. See Substitute, Antecessor! I am 
the vicar of Jesus Christ, " Ko-nlkalshelpenzutis t-Jesu Kli," 
*^ Sgushiitemen \\i Jesu Kli," " l-sgushiit l^u Jesu Kli." 

VICE. See Fault. 

VICE, n. carpenter's tool, Zanemei^. 

VICIOUS, a. 1st. T6ie, Koaukot. 

2d. Vicious horse, U^kaukt. 

VICTIM, n. 1st. In general, Nu^imen. See Sacrifice. 

2d. Victim for my sins, Nguz'shemisten hi 1 iskuiH^ie, Nkolisusten 
l^u 1 iskuilt^ie. 

VICTUALS, w. Siil6n. See Provision. 

VIE, V. I. Chines-chgoznu^gui. 

VIEW, V. t. les-azgam, Ies-ko6nmem. 

VIGIL, w. 1st. Sleeplesnoss, Sguus. 

2d. Eve, S'ch}e6. 

VILE, a. Konkoint, T6ie, Chccha. 

VILIFY, V. t. les-tm^lsem. 

426 VIS 

VILLAGE. See Town. 

VINCIBLE, a. Lkotdtem. 

VINDICTIVE, a. Eichst^men. 

VINE, n. Ist. What climbs around, Chilidlko. 

2d. Vines of potatoes, tomatoes, S6ps. 

VINEGAK, w. I-nz61ku, I-nzelz61ku, 

VIOLATE, V. t. les-kolgo^riem, Ies-(;hoinz6tem, les-nakom^ les- 

VIOLENCE, n, 1st. I offer violence to, Chine8-16cbi, Ie8-16cbei»; 

2d. I urge bim, press him by deeds, les-si^chstem, les-pizchstem. 
8d I urge bim by words, les-sizinem, les-piz'zinem. 
4th. I do violence to myself, constraining myself from impatience, 

or other sin, Cbines-iommenz6ti, les-iommim lu i-spuus, les- 

-geenim In i-spu6s. 
6th. I do violence to myself, forcing myself to do something, 

Cbines-^listi, Chines-siichstemisti^ Ohines-ioiosz6ti, Chines- 


6tb. To outrage, violate. See Outrage. 

VIOLENT, a. 1st. Inclined to offer violence, Lcblicbet. 

2d. Vehement, Pizpizt. See Sharp. 

3d. In actions, Pizcbstiitem. 

4tb. Effected by violence, Lcblicbet. 

VIOLIN. See Fiddle. 

VIRAGO, n. Smisme^m. 

VIRGIN, n. Stiichmish, Skom^It. 

VIRGIN, a. I-sisb, I-chmish, I-g^ku. 

VIRTUE, n. 1st. The being virtuous, Siopi^ut, Sgest, Stog. 

2d. The excellence, power of doing good, Niopi6uten. 

[Each of the few virtues known to Indians has a name, bnt 
virtue in abstract, as a habit inclining to good, seems not 
likely to be found in their language.] 

VIRTUOUS, a. lopi^ut, I-tog, l-gest. 

VISIBLE, a, 1st. That can be seen, Uchchutem. 

2d. Open to view, La^kot, Uinuingu. 

VISIONARY, a, Es-k6isi. 

VISIT, V. t. 1st. To go and see, les-chguiem. 

2d. To visit people at large, Chines-chguimsk^ligu. 

3d. To visit for respect, as a chief, etc., les-kolsk^ligum, kolsk^li- 

VOL 427 

■4th. To inspect, les-dzgara, Chines-kuisazgam. 

VISITANT, visitor, n. Ist. A fViendly visitor, S'chgiii. I have a 

visitor, " Chin-ep s'chgdi." See Arrival. 
2d. An official inspector, Ssfuazgam. 
VITAL, a, Ist. Contributing to life, Ngulguilten. 
2d. Capable of living, Guriutem. See Guil. 
3d. Very important, Kut6nt. 
VITIATE, V. t Ies-kolgo6riem. 
VITRIOL, blue stone, n. I-koin. 
VITUPEEATB, v. t, Ies4eral6ml8em, les-cheszinem, les-chiliko- 

nem. • 

VOCIFERATE, v, i. Chines-u6ulsbi, Chines-ntlagzini. 
V01(>E, n. 1st. An audible sound spoken by tbe tongue, Sp6uzin 

fused only by Spokans and lower Pen d'Oreilles); Spelimen- 

2d. Power of speecb, Nkolkufelten. 
3d. The voice of God, Nkolkofeltis Kolinzuten. 
4th. What has been spoken by God, 8zkolko61ts Kolinzuten. 
5th. The speaking of God, Skolko61ts Kolinzuten. 
6th. Hoarse-voiced, Chines-nsekumi, Chin-ns6ko, Chines-chsaku^l- 

7th; Soprano voice, Chin-nlkakak6ine. 
8th. Tenor voice, Chin-chiualkolt. 
9th. Basso voice, Chin-ni61kan. 
VOID, a, Ist. empty, l-no61. 
2d. Vacant. See Vacant. 
3d. Destitute, Chines-iapzini. 
4th. Having no legal validity, I-tenemus. 
VOLUBILITY, n. Stlagt. 

VOLUBLE, a. Tlagt. See Changeable, Fickle. 
VOLUME, w. Ist. Of books, Kaimin. 
2d. Bulk, Skutdnt. 
VOLUNTARY, a, Ist. As agreeable to our inclination, liking, 

complacency, Spuus. It is voluntary, agreeable to mo, of my 

own liking, I-spuds. Its opposite is Tarn i-spuus, I-szchem 

(i.e. It is not my heart, I hate it). 
2d. As premeditated, deliberated upon, designied, Szchz6go. \t is 

of my will, purposely, not inadvertently or by surprise, 

I-szchz6go. Its opposite is Tam i-8zchz6go, I-sellup {i.e. It 

428 WAl 

is not of my will, it is a blunder, inadvertence. 
3d. As willed, determined, out of choice, Szntels. It is my mind^ 

choice, I-sznt^ls. Its opposite is Tam i-szntels, Chines-i6mmi, 
4th. Subject to our will, Szchshi^pile. 
6th. Endowed with the power of the will, Ep szntels, Epl nku^pa- 

gaminten (lit. He has a will, he has judgment). 
VOMIT, V. L 1st. Chines-noz'zkaezini. See Ozke. 
2d. To feel nausea prior to vomiting, Chin-chch^l'lis. Soe Chel. 
3d. Yomit blood, Chines-nlg6mti. 
VOMIT, V, t. les-noz'zkaezinem, noz'zkaezinemen (lit. I feel it 

coming out ofjnj mouth). 
VOTE, V. t. les-dum. 
VOYAGE, V. i. by water, Chines-laapmi. See Stream. 



WADE, V. i. In the water, Chines-niekomi, Chines-ngust^tikui. 

WADE, V. t. a stream, through, Chines-niekomi, Chin-chi^ko. 

WAFT, V. t. les-pelim. 

WAFT, V. i. Chinos-pelpmi. See Float. 

WAG (the tail), v. t. Chines-chi61psi. 

WAGER, n. 1st. A stake, Gezgez. 

2d. That on which bets are made, Chgazgazminten. 

WAGER, V. i. Chines-gazgazmi. 

WAGER, V. t. To bet, les-tkom. See Bet. 

WAGOjST, n. G61ko, Golg6lfco. 

WAIL (over the dead), v. t. Ies-ehzo6tem. 

WAIL, V. i. Chine8-zo6ti, Chines-zelzalk6pi. 

WAIST, n. Shem^us. 

WAIT, V. i. 1st. To stay in expectation, Ohines-nemtdusi. 

2d. To stop, Chines-tlpmi. 

3d. To rest in patience, Chines-ni^ulsi. 

4th. Not to depart, I-chines-lzii. 

5th. To wait, imper. Kuen6, Ne kuen6. 

WAN 429 

6th. To wait at home, Chines-nemtelgui. 

7th. To wait upon, les-chemt^pem, chemt^pen. 

8th. To go to pay a visit, les-chguiem, les-kolsk^ligum. 

9th. To lay in wait, in ambush, les-chgal6m, les-tnemt^usem. 

10th. To expect, les-tnemt^usem, les-chtlutluusem. 

^WAITER, n. 1st. On general business, S'chemt^p, pL S'chaiut^p. 

2d. Waiter at the tabic serving drinks, Sgunmiilem. 

3d. Serving dishes, Sguselim. 

WAIVE, 17. t. To give up, Ies-h6iem, Ics-go6lem. 

WAKE, V. I. 1st. Not to sleep, to watch, Chines-guusi. 

2d. To wake for a dead, Chines-chitmi. 

3d. To be aroused from sleep, Chines-k6ilti. 

4th. To rise from bed or from a dormant position, Chin-gutilsh. 

WAKE, 17. t, 1st. To rouse from sleep, indolence, Ies-k6iltcm. 

2d. To rise from a dormant position, also from the grave, les-gu- 

3d. To return to life, Ieles-telesk61igum, Ieles-gulguilt«m. 

4th. Wake the dead, or sick one, les-chitim. 

6th. To disturb a fellow's sleep with noise, Ies-chilgusgusn6nem. 
See Gruds. 

WAKEFUL, vigilant, a. Gdsgust. 

WALK, V. i, 1st. Chines-gusteluisi. 

2d. To behave. See Behave. 

3d. To walk in, Chines-ndilgui. 

4th. To walk after, Chines-chshinmi. 

5th. To walk after the flesh, les-chshinim lu i-sk^ltich. 

6th. Inasmuch as one- tramples on the ground, places his feet on, 

7th. To walk on the water, Chines-chilgust^tikui, Chines-chilkalu- 

WALK, n. 1st. The act of walking, Sgusteluis. 

2d. The place in which one walks, Sngusteluisten. 

3d. The manner of walking, Gusteluisten. 

4th. Conduct, behavior, as the Biblical way, walk, 8hushu61, Zuut. 

WALKING-STICK, n. Nzku6chsten. 

WALLOW, V. I. Chines-golkonziiti. 

WAN, See Pallid. 

WANDEK, V. L 1st. Chines-gusteluisi. 

2d. To go astray, Chines-osteluisi. 

430 WAK 

3d. To be delirious, Chines-koko^ulshi, I-tenomiis chin-kolko^It, 
Ta is-miszilti. 

WANE, V, J. Ist. To diminish, Chines-topmi. See Diminish. 

2d. Wane of the moon, Es-a^mti. 

WANT, V. t. Ist; To be destitute of, to be without, les-iapzinem^ 
Ta i^p^^, or Chin-ehstem — (from Tam). I want children, I am 
without children, '' Ta i6p sgu»igult,'* " Chin-chstemdlt." 

2d. To be in need of, to require, Chikaepl- — , the subjunctive of ^, 
or Chines-iapzini. In winter we want wood ; man wants 
clothes, " L sistche kaka^pl- luku ; lu sk61igu ka^pl- gSLZudm- 
ten/' or " Kaes-iapzini t Idku ; l-u skeligu es-iapzini t kl ga»- 

3d. To feel need of, to suffer for having it, les-chiapzinem. 

4th. To fall short, fail. See Fail, Short. 

5th. I wish to have, to do, rendered by the simple subjunctive, 
either of the verb or ot the noun. I want to confess, *' Chiks- 
-nmipemisti." I do not want to confess, " Ta iks-nmipemlsti.'* 
I want a knife, ** T-ikl-ninchemen." I want tobacco, " T-iks- 

N.B. — The t prefixed in these phrases indicates same. I waut 
her for my wife, " Ikl-n6gonog." Here there is no < prefixed, 
the person being definite. 

6th. They do not want us, have no use of us, Tam tu kaes-te^l^ils. 
See Use. 

7th. What do you want ? Kuos-chst^m ? I want food, Chines- 

WANT, V. I, 1st. To be wanting, short, insufficient, Kultuin. 

2d. To be absent, I-chin-cho. His brother was wanting, " I-choln 


WAE, w. 1st. State of opposition enmity, Seut's^us, Samist^us. 

2d. The fighting with arms, Spelstu^gu, Npelstu^guten. 

3d. The quarreling with hands, Sti^kot. 

4th. To be at war, Chin-cpl- shem6n, Chines-pelstu6gui, Chines-tia- 

5th. To be at war with that one, In-shem6n, I-saaime, In-eutus, 

T-sn k ul^pestu^gu m . 
6th. To go to war (Indian style, stealing horses), Chines-geilshi. 
WAE, V i, Ist. To be in opposition, Chines-eutiisi. 
2d. To contend, Chines-tiakoti. 

WAR 431 

3d. To kill one another, Kaee-pelstu^gui. 

^WAR-DANCE, n. Siuli. 

I dance the war-dance, Chines-iuli, 

WARD, V, t. let. To keep in safety, les-chitiin, les-chshitim. 

2d. To defend, les-kulk^igum. 

3d. To repel, les-kupem. 

^WAREHOUSE, n. Snstakelszuten. 

WAR-FRIEND, n. Sz6koi (friend made by doing together a great 

feat in war). 
WARFARE, n. Spelstu^gu, Npelsta6guten. 
WARLIKE, a. Tikot^raen. 
WARM, a. 1st. Pleasantly warm, I-ko6z. 
2d. A little warmer than pleasant, I-zish. 
3d. Very warm, [-tl4ka.< 

N.B. — Others say that I-ko6z means naturally warm ; I-zish, 
by the sun ; I-tlaka, by the fire. Yet the usage contradicts 
this theory ; it may bo traced to the practice of different 
4th. Warm watef, pleasantly, I-nkoez, N"koez6tiku. 
5th. Water little warm, I-nzish, Nzishku. 
6th. Water very warm, I-ntlaka. 

7tb. Water warm to the boiling point, warm springs, Naiaiku. 
8th. There is scalding warm water, Nlamakaku. See^emkami. 
9th. A person comfortably warm, not cold, I-chin-ko^z. 
10th. A person warm, by the sun or fire, moderately, I-chin-zish. 
11th. Very warm, I-chin-tl^ka. 
12th. Warm room, I-nko6z, I-nzish, I-nil^ka. See Heat. Note. — All 

these words can be used figuratively. 
WARM, V. t, 1st. Pleasantly, les-koezm. 
2d. Little more, les-zishem. 
3d. Very much, [es-tla^kam. 
4th. To warm water, room, les-nkoezem, les-nzishem, les-ntl^- 

WARM, V. i. 1st. I warm up to a pleasant warmth, Chines-koezti. 
2d. A little more, Chines-zishemi, Chin-z/ish. 
3d. Very warm, Ohines-tlakami, Chin-tla^ka. 
4th. The sun is warming up, Es-kukulemi (it is shining), Es-ko6zti, 

Es-zishemi, Es-tlakami. 
WARMTH, n. Sko6z, Szish, Stlaka, Skukulil (of the sun shining). 

432 WAT 

WAKMING PAN, n. Ko6zeinen, Zishemen, TlAkamen. 
WARN, V, t. Ees-ziinem, les-tzunem, les-ku)^knnzinem. 
WARRIOR, n. let. soldier, Sgupelstu^gu, Sguileno^ga, Sgutapen- 

u6gu, S61tis. 
2d. Indian warrior, on stealing horses, Sgngeilsh, 6eilsh6nien. 
WAR- SONG, n. Sidli. This seems more used for the song than 

for the dance which accompanies the song. 
WAR-WHOOP, n. S'chil^mi. I whoop to excite the boys to fight, 

" Chines-chil6mi." 
WASH, V, t. 1st. Ies-z6um. » 

2d. To dash water against, Jes-l^kom. 
3d. To wash clothes, les-ntk^tikum. See Tak, Tkem, To place in 

4th. To wash away the banks, les-nkul^gdiem. 
WASH, V, i, Chines-z6ui, Chines-ntk^tikui. ' 

WASP, n. SkoW. 

WASTE, V. t. 1st. To ruin, devastate, Jes-koUgo^Hem. 
2d. To wear away by degrees, les-amnunem. 
3d. To use up, wear out, les-temu^lshem. 
4th. To consume by drinking, les-nzopnunem. 
5th. To eat away, les-uizinem. 
6th. To spread carelessly,4o use prodigally, abuse, les-rnelmech- 

7th. To spend foolishly, I-ltenemus u ios-guizshem. 
WASTE, V, i, Ist. Chine8-a4mii, Chines-zspmi, Chines-topmi. See 

Diminish, Consume, Dwindle. 
2d. To get lean, Chines-Hipmi. 
3d. To get spoiled, Es-kollgo6l'li. 

WATCH, V, I. Ist. To be awake, Chines-k^iH, Chin-gnus. 
2d. To be vigilant, Chines-guusemisti; Chin-g68gust. 
8d. To be attentive, Chines-chiitemi. See Chiit. 
4th. To be on the look out, Chines-chiitemisti. 
5th. To act as sentinel, Chines-chiitemi (inasmuch as he guards). 
6th. To be on the watch for enemies, Chines-chgal^mi. See Gel. 
7th. To seek an opportunity, Chines-tnemt6usi. 
8th. To watch on a sick pei*8on, Chines-chiitemi. 
WATCH, V, t. Ist. To heed, les-chitim, les-chit^n^em, chiten^men. 
2(1. To observe the actions or motions of, for any purpose, les az- 

gam, les-t^zgam. 

WAT 433 

Sd. To watch an enemy, les-chgal^ra. 

4tb. To guard, les-chitim, les-chshitim. 

5tb. To watch other people's business, les-ku^-pagera, Ie8-chit6- 

WATCH, n. Ist. The act of watching, S'chiit, Sazga, Sguus. 
2d. One who watches, Sguchitim, Sgu^zgam, Sguchgaldm. 
3d. One who watches on him, Chitenzuten, Azganziiten, Chgale- 

4rth. Timepiece, Sp'pakani. 
WATCHFUL, a. Ist. vigilant, Gusgust. 
2cl. Upon oneself, Chines-chiitemisti. 
WATCHMAN, n. Sguchitim, Sguchgal6m. 
WATER, n. Ist. S6ulku ; m comp., — etiku, — ku. 
2d. Clear water, 1-ngal. 
3d. Pure water, I-nsish, Nsishku. 
4th. Troubled water, 1-ntiku, f-nmal, Nmalku. 
5th. Dead water, calm, I-k6iku. 
6th. Running water, Es-moop^tiku. 
7th. Rapid water, Stlag^tiku. 
8th. Cold water, Nzlatiku. 
9th. Tepid water, I-nm^lku. 
10th. Warm water. See Warm. 
11th. White colored water, f-npikaku. 
12th. Red water, 1-nkuilku. 

13th. To arrive at the water, to strike water, Chines-olkoi. 
14th To look for water, Chines-chs6ulkui. 
15th. To have water, Chin-seulkiitem. 

16th. To draw water out of the river, keg, etc., Chines-kuhnuli. 
17th. To pour water in, Chines-nmuli. 
18th. To spill water, les-sigum. 
19th. To throw water, splashing, les-l^kom. 
20th. To fall in the water, Chines-ntip^tikui. See Pall. 
21sl. To travel by water, Chines-laapmi. 
22d. To put in the water, Ies-ntko6tikum ; of clothes, les-ntketi- 

23d. High water, Nko^st. 
24th. Low water, Ngamip, El suu. 
25th. To dip, soak in water, les-nkuelem. 
26th. To dip the finger in water, Chines-nlochistetikui. 

434 WAV 

27th. Holy water, Gest s^ulku, Npoteten s^ulku, S6ulku es-chchiir- 

28th. To put coffee, rice, powders, etc., in the water, Chines-npko^- 

29th. To add more water, Ie8-ntgu6tikum. 
30th. To go under water, Chines-nodsi. 
3l8t. To sink in, Chine8-nka6tikui. 
32d. To walk in the water, Chincs-ngustetikui. 
33d. To walk on the water, Chines-chilgust^tikui. 
34th. To come out of the water, Chin-te6ko. 
36th. Tocome to the surface, Chin-chilte6ko. 
36th. To come out across the water, Chin-nieko. 
WATEE, V. t, 1st. To irrigate. See Irrigate. 
2d. To water animals, Chines-tamsk^gaei, Tes-iikum ch s^ulku. See 

WAVE, n. 1st Spalt, Szpalt. See Pel. 
2d. The waves are floating, Es-p^lti. 

3d. The waves are floating all over, covering, Es-chilpalne. 
4th. The waves are splashing into, Nil^kaku. 
5th. The waves are splashing on the boat, etc., Es-l^koms }u tliee. 
6th. White, frothy waves, ChWpkk, pi. Chi^pkapak. 
WAVE, V. L 1st. Es-palti. 

2d. To be moving to and fro, unsettled, Es-uel'li, Es-itiat'ti. 
WAVE, V. t. Ist. The hand, to send away, Chines-takas^lchsti. Ics- 

2d. To wave the hand, to call attention, Chines-taksi. 
WAVER, V. i. Ist. To move one way and the other way, to be 

tossed, as a boat in a storm, Chines-uerii. 
2d. To move to and fro, as a flag, leaves, unsettled, Chines-iat'ti. 

Both are used metaphoricall3\ 
WAY, n, Ist. A moving, passing, transit, Guitem, Sgui. 
2d. The place by which one passes, Nguitcn, Snguiten, Ni»:uilui8- 

3d. Road or path, Shushu61. 
4th. The course or direction of motion, Chgiiiten. Your way will 

bring 3'ou to hell, " Sgoelemen \\x an-chgiiiten," 
5th. My way of thinking, iiU iii-zuut^ls. See Zuu. 
6th. My way of speaking, Jju in-zuuzin. 
7th. My way ot acting, Jju in-zuut^chst. 

WEA 435 

^th. My way, practice, manner, the Biblical way of the just, the 

way of the sinner, Jn-zudt, In-shushu^l, Jn-ageilten, l-nkole- 

9th. The way I am treated, fn-chzutechst. 
10th. The way I am spoken to, In-chzuuzin. 
11th. The way I am thought of, In-chzuut^ls. 
12th. This is the wa}' I think of him, Lsh^i u ies-chziuit61sem. 
13th. This is the way I speak of him, Lsh^i u ies-chzuuzinem. 
14th. This is the way I treat him, Lshei u ies-chzuut6chstem. 
15th. This is the way ; walk in it, Shei iu akl shushu^l ; nshii- 

16th. I act in this way, Lsh^i u chin-ag^ilem. 
17th. i speak in this way, Lsh6i u chines-egukuni. 
18th. f think in this way, Lshei n chines-nagalelsi. 
19th. Let him have his own way, Lzii ne t-ks-spuus. 
20th. You must not always have your own way, Ta kaes-ohshistegu 

lu a-spuus. 
21st. This way, hither, le-chchee. 
22d. That way, thither, Zi-chchzi. 

23d. To go out ot the wa}', to remove aside, Chines-tl6kui. 
24th. To go out of the way, to lose one's way, Chines-nisis^kai, 

25th. To go out of the way, lo transgress, Chines-nguzaksi. 
26th. To walk in the way, Chines-nshiistaksi. See Shiust. 
27th. To be in the family way, Chines-iiimi. 
28th. Way down, Lu i|u, Lu chlu. 
WAYLAY, V, f. Ie8-tnemt6usem. 
WAY WISE, Chines-nmi^ksi. 
WR, pron, pers. Kaempile. See the conjugations. 
WEAK, a, 1st. In general, Ll^tiim. 
2d. From sickness, I-chin-zug. See Zgupmi. 
WEALTH, n. 1st. The being wealthy, Skoiulegu. 
2d. The materials of wealth, Koiuleguten. See Koei, Koiulegu. 
WEALTHY, a. Koi61egu. 

WEAN, V, t. 1st. A baby, Ies-h(3iHem l^u skaem. 
2d. To wean oneself from , Teskulmaum \\i i-spuus tel , 

les-kuHalim hi i-spuus tel , les-chm^um \w i-spuus tel 

WEAPON, w. Ist. Skuenel, Skuenelst, Ngaz^lsten. 
2d. Plenty weapons, Groegoeineh, Goeinch. 

436 WEA 

WEAR, V. t, Ist. To have on any kind of clothes, les-igupini, or 

Chines-nHgup t — . He does not wear his shirt, " Tas +gnpen- 

t^s \\x snazik^it." He has no shirt on, he wears no shirt, *'Tai< 

nhgup t-snazlkfeit." 
2d. 1 wear that, I have it on, I use that garment, les-nlgupminem, 

3d. But all the different articles of dress have a name of their own, 

i\g. I wear a hat, " Chine8-ko4zkan." I wear a necktie, 

'* Chines-kal^ps.'* 
4th. To use up, lo consume by wearing, les-temu^lshem, les-kol- 

6th. To consume, les-amnunem. See Aam. 
WEAR, V. I. 1st. To last under employment, Kasip. This shirt 

will wear long, ** Nem kasip ak-sznal^k^iten." 
2d. To be wasted, diminished, Es-aamti, Es-zspmi. 
WEARY, a. 1st. Worn out in strength, by fatigue, Chin-aigot, 

2d. The fatiguing, Aigot6tem. 

WEARY, V, t. 1st. oneself, Chines-aigoti, Chines-^igot'szuti. 
2d. Weary another, les-iigotem, aigot'sten. 
WEASEL, n. Lpapkalze. Note. — In summer it isiichim, on account 

of changing color. 
WEATHER, n. It is only found in composition. Ist. What kind 

of weather is it ? Es-chischin^skat ? or, Chiinug ? 
2d. It is good weather, bad weather, Gosaskat or Gesnug, Chesas- 

kat or Chesnug. 
3d. Sunny weather, Kulkulnug, Kaekul'lniig. 
4th. Cold weather. Zaltemnug. 
5th. Warm weather, Tlakanug. 
6th. Cool weather, breeze blowing, Gaj)niig. 
7th. Dark with rainy clouds, Chempniig. 
8th. Cloudy, covered, Chi^-kolkoaskat, J-cht6ku8kat. 
9th. It clears, Epi gakagk^gt. See Gak, Time. We have bad 

weather, cold weather, *' Kae-ches^skat, kae-zaltmnug," and 

so of the others. 
WEATHER-COCK, w. Ist. Chmiitis *u sn^ut, Skuiskus. 
2d. It turns, Es-pelpelchemenzuti. 
3d. It turns to the north, Ch zalt u tntagolus. 
4th. It turns to the west, Ch chlgutin u tntagolus. 


WEL 487 

5th. To the east, Ch ztlechtin u tutagolus. 

6tb. To the south, Ch skokoe6z u tntagolds. 

AVEATHER-WISE, a. I am wealher-wise, Chin-miaskal. 

WEAVE, V. f. les-chkazizei (^ee Kazim), Chines-i^i. 

WEB-FOOTED, a. Ololshin. See Oil. 

WEDGE, w. Nzk^usten, S6gomen, Kaminten. 

WEDGE, y. t, 1st. To force in, les-nka^m. 

2d. To split, Ies-nsk6usem. 

WEDNESDAY, n. Tikulchal^skat. 

WEEDS, n. Nehestnkdin. 

WEED, V, f. Ist. By pulling, les-nlk^usem, Chines-nlkaolcgui. 

2d. By hoeing, Chines-shelulegui. 

WEEK, n. Spelchaskat. One week, Nko s'chazeus (that is, one 

WEEP, V, i, Chines-zko^koi. See Zkum. 
WEEPING, n. Szkoako. 
WEIGH, V. t. 1st. To raise, Ies-kuJgoe6m. 
2d. To examine by the balance, les-sugumem. 
3d. To weigh down, les-k6tem, Ies-chilgamm6nem. This means 

to be heavy on ; the other means to overbalance. 
4th. It weighs much, Gemt. It weighs two pounds, '^ Esel sugu- 

m^ten," and the verb '* weigh " is omitted. 
5th. To weigh in the mind, ponder, les-kulpagem. 
WEIGH, V. L 1st. To be heavy, to have a weight, Gemt. You do 

not weigh, " Tam ku-gemt." 
2d. To be considered as important, Es-nkuten^ksem, Kutunt. 
3d. To ]ires8 hard upon, les-chilgamm^nem, chilgamm^neen. it 
weighs hard upon me, ** Ko-chil^gamm^neis.'* I find it heavy 
upon me, " Chilgammenemen." 
4th. To press hard, not on top, tes-pizem. See Press. 
WEIGHT, n. 1st. Sgemt. 

2d. The weights of metal for weighing, K^temen. 
WEIGHT, V, t. To load down, heavy, les-chilgamnicneom. 
WEIGHTY, a. 1st. Gemt. 
2d. Important, Kutunt. 

WELCOME, r. t. Gest ies-tJ^zgam, Gest ies-tkunem. 
WELD, 17. t, les-nulusem. 
WELFARE, ?}. 1st. The being well, I-chin-ges. 

488 WHE 

2d. What causes well-bein^, Ngestin. For my welfare, "IW-ngca- 

WELL, n. Sjgos^ulku. See hog, 

WELL, a. 1st. In good health, I-ehin-ges (J am well). 

2d. Good, Gest. It is well for us to see friends, " Gest u kaeg- 
-uichem \q kae-sellagaligt." 

WELL, aifv, 1st. In a good way, Gest. 

2d. Abundantly, adequately, P6tu-sh^i. 

3d. Considerably, in a very advanced, far gone condition, G^il. 
He is pretty well abused, " Ghi\ choinzutementem." 

4th. Well, as expletive, Sh6i. Well, let us go, " Sh6i ko-elgdi.*' 

5th. Very well, Sh6i. 

WEST, w. Snch^gutin. See Chelug. 

WET, a. 1st. I-nas. 

2d. Of blood, l-chtlura. 

3d. Of dew, etc., Chhemip. See Hemip. 

WET, V, t. 1st. To make wet, les-rasem. 

2d. See Sprinkle, Soak, Moisten. 

WET-NUKSE, w. Nkakaemtin, Nkaemtin. See Kaem. 

WHAT, 1st. pron. interr. Stem ? 

2d. What art thou after ? Kues-chstem ? 

3d. What do I say ? Chin-ezint ? 

4th. What do I ? Chin-ezVch6n ? 

oth. What is that ? What kind of thing is it ? Stem ? 

6th. What is that? What happens? EzVchfen ? 

[The same are all used in answer to a question What is it? 
'' Stem V Nothing, " Ta stem." What do you say, '' Ku 
ezint ?" I said nothing, " Ta iezint."] 

7th. As an exclamation, Ma hi ! Lu ! What a man ! "• Ma hi skal- 
temigu !" What a fool ! ** Ma hi spsaio !" What a talent, 
what a talented man he is! " Lu spagp^gt !" (N.B. — The 
adjective in this phrase is made substantive.) Oh what good, 
sweet heart has Jesus Christ ! '^ fob hi sgests, ^^u stishz h 
spuiisz Jesu Kli V* (lit. Oh, the sweetness, the goodness ot his 
heart !) 

8th. That Avhich, Lu. I know what you say, " FjS-milzin lu as-kol- 

WHATEVER, pron, Esia hi. 

WHEAT, n. 1st. Spkein. 

WHI 439 

2d. Seven-headed wheat, Splchaiakan spk6in. 
3d. Fall wheat, S'chai^lkan. 
WHEEL, n. Ist. G61ko. 
2d. To play at wheels, Chines-golkdlegui. 
3d. Playing wheel, Chgolkoleguten. 
WHEEL, V. t. Ist. To naake revolve, les-gdlkom. 
2d. To carry on wheels, les-ukum 1 g6Iko. 
WHEEL, V, i, Ist. To revolve on its axis, Chines-golkoi. 
2d. To turn to another direction, Chines-ntagoMsi. 
WHELP, n. Stitichime. 

WHEN ? adv. interr. Ist. past. Pist6m ? She spist^m ? 
2d, fut. Ne pist^m ? 

3d. When (not interrogative), past, hu, Lu Ish^i u. 
4th. The same, fut, Ne hi. 
WHENCE ? 1st. interr. Tel chcn ? 

2d. Not interrogative, Lu tel chen (if in a formal or implied an- 
3d. With no meaning of interrogation, hu tel sh6i. 
WHERE? 1st. Interrogative and not of motion, Lchen ? 
2cl. If interrogative of motion, Chechen ? 
3d. If no interrogative meaning, Lu Ish^i (if there is no motion), 

Lu ch shei (if there is motion). 
WHEREAS, conj. N6H. 
WHEREBY ? 1st. interr. T'stem ? 
2d. Not interrogative, Lu t'shei. 
WHEREFORE, 1st. interr. Golst6m ? 
2d. If not interrogative at all, Lu golshei. 
WHEREUPON, (ulv. Ku6mt. 
WHET, V. t. les-p^tlesem. See Sharpen. 
WHETSTONE, n. Ptlts6. 
WHETHER, adv. S-chmdpkan. 
WHICH ? 1st. interr. Chen ? Su6t ? 
2d. Which of the two ? Chen ku tel esel ? 
3d. Which of these two ? Chen i6 tel es^l ? 
4th. Which of those two ? Chen zi tel es^l ? 
5th. Not interrogative, nor in answer to anything like a question, 

6th. The one who, those who, Lu sh^i u. 
WHILIC, n. 1st. time. See Time. 

440 WHI 

2d. Worth a while, rendered by the subjunctive. 

8d. Not worth a while. Tarn p6tu sh^i ku {lit. It is not exactly the 

kind that ). 

4th. A little while, h'lsh^ ; fat, Ne lish^. 

5th. A little while ago, It'shen^ ; (if past) G6il ne. 

6th. After a little while, Ne it'shen^, Ne Wshh, Ne g6il ne. 

7th. Wait a while, Kuene, Ne kuen^. 

WHILE, adv, Ist. During the time, T^u. While he was on the 

croHs thou stoodst by him, ** Tdu Izi \u leseira^us, es-chlzi- 



2d. Although, under which circumstances, though, Emue. Thon 
followedst him, while the others deserted him, " Chshintega 
emue go^lstem lu t kuiti^t." 

3d. When, in the time, Lu Ish^i u. 

WHIP, V, t. 1st. To strike with lashes, Ies4zim. 

2d. With rods, clubs, les-spim. 

3d. To drive with the whip, les-k^igum. 

4th. To punish, to r-ut with the tongue, scolding, sarcasm, les- 
-Izim . 

5th. To win, beat, lestlegdpem. 

WHIP, n. 1st. K^igumen, iizminten. 

2d. Whip, that has a crack, Talaku. 


WHIELWIND, n. Sgal6ku. 

WHISKY, n. Seme s^ulku, Nko^uten, Nkoeumisten, Uiski. 

WHISPER, V, i, Chine84kukui6zini, Chines-zuzuilshi. 

WHISTLE, V. L Ist. Of the wind, Suaulk. See U^e. 

2d. Of the Americans, Chines-chmilskeini. 

3d. To call a woman, Chines-sikulzei, Chines-zikuzini. 

WHITE, a. I-pik. See Pik, Paaka, Pale. 

WHITE, n. An American, not an Indian, Pikskeligu, Ohpikaze. 

WHITEWASH, V, t, Ies-po6m. 

WHITHER? adv. Ist. Chechen ? f if interrogative, even if the in- 
terrogation is only implied, or an answer to a question.) 

2d. Without any interrogative sense, Lu chsh^i. Whither I go 
thou cannot go, " Lu chsh6i m-chin-gui, taks-lkont^gu kiikis- 

WHIT-SUNDAY, n. Sen Spagpagt Sgalgalt. 

WHITTLE, V. I. Chines-gutlemi, Chincs-chgutlalkoi. 

WHO 441 

WHITTLE, V, t les-gutlim, les-chgutl^lkom. 

WHO, pron, 1st. Interrogative, or in answer to a question, either 
explicit or implied, Su6t ? Who died? '* Su6t u tlil ?" (lit. 
Who is that died ?) Who art thou ? " Ku 8u6t ?'' Who might 
he be, who knows who he is ? " Goa su6t ?" For whom, to 
whom it belongs ? " Kl-su6t ?" Who made thee ? '' T'su^t u 
kdlenz ?" (lit. Who is he that made thee ?) In this way Suet 
is the Latin qniSy not qui. 

2d. Who, not interrogative, before the verb to be, or any intransi- 
tive verb, is not rendered at all, but the following verb is 
made a participle, present, past or future according to the 
case ; or (not to question about theories), is rendered by hu. 
Those who are good shall be happy, ** Lu gest nem lemt," 
(lit. The good ones shall rejoice). I like those who obey, 
" In-gam^nch \u epl tent^ne.*' Those who obey shall be re- 
warded, " Nem g^kantem \u es-nsugune. " 

3d. Who, not interrogative, governing a transitive verb, u. It is 
I who killed him, *' Tkoi^ u p6lsten.'' 

Note. — (a) Not to mistake the pure who, (Lat. qui) with he 
who (Lat. ille qui). He who, is rendered by Lu sh^i u, and hn 
8h6i stands for he (Lat. ille), and u stands for who. (b) When 
governing a transitive verb, the t characteristic of the agent 
is prefixed to sh&i, and not to u, which remains unaltered all 
time. I know who killed my father, I know him, the one 
who killed my father, ** Es-sugusten \u t-sh6i u p61stem l^u in- 
-leeu." 1 know that Peter is* he who killed my father, " Es- 
-mist^n lu t-Pi^l u p61stem \n in-le6u." (c) Not to dispute 
about words one may say that our who, not interrogative, can- 
not be found in Indian, but it is rendered by repeating the one, 
he, with u after, which u is in reality the conjunction and. I 
know who struck me, " Es-mist^n l^u t-suM u ko-spent^m,'' 
{Scio quis me percnssit.) (d) Who, governing a transitive verb, 
is oftener rendered by making a substantive of the verb. He 
prayed for those who killed him, ** Chaushits lu t-sh6i u p61- 
stem ;*' or. He prayed for his murderers, *' Chaushits l^u pels- 
zutis." Be merciful to those that slander you, " Nkonne- 
mint hi t'sh6i u kue8-chi6kom," or, "Nkonnemint l^u an-chi- 

WHOEVER, whosoever, jo/ow. Esia lu ish6i u (lit. All those who), 

442 WHO 

or, idU shh\ u ; or, if there is any implied interrogation or du- 
bitation, hn suH u. N.B. — If it governs a transitive verb the 
characteristic t is prefixed to shei or 8u6t. I will whip 
whoever whips me, " Esi6 hi t'sh6i u koks-spims, nem spen- 

WHOLE, a, 1st. total, entire, Es-milko. I lost the whole of that 
house, '* Es-milko \u in-zitgu u tlegupemen." 

2d. All that, every one, EsiA. I lost the whole of my money, 
" Esia l^u in-ululim u tlegupemen." 

3d. One piece, I-oil. 

4th. In good health, I-guil. 

WHOLESOME, a. Gest, Ngulguilten. Used also in a spiritual 

WHOM, pron, 1st. interr. Su^t \n Whom did you call ? "Suet 

hi as-galitom ?" It answers the Latin quern, from quis, not 
from qui. 

2d. Not interrogative, Lu. I know him whom you killed, ^'Es- 
-siigusten lu a8-p61stem." But better by the participle pas- 
sive in the past, " Sugusten iu a-szp61s." N.B. — In both 
these senses Lu makes a participle of both plirases. See Who. 

3d. Tx) whom, of whom, interr. Su^t ^^u ? If followed by a 

transitive verb, L suet u ? Of whom do you speak? 

" Su^t lu as-zdnem ?" To whom you gave it ? " L su^t ii 
guizhgu ?'* 

4th. To whonij. of whom, not interrogative, hn. He to whom jou 
speak is the president, " IRmigum iu as-kolkoeltem." It is 
the (thief, he to whom you speak, " llimigum ^^u Ishei u kues- 
-kolko61ti." It is the president of whom you speak, " llimi- 
gum \u as-chkolko^ltem,' or, " llimigum ^^u ch shei u ku kol- 
ko^lt.*' The former phrase is made participial ; in the latter, 
the one to whom is expressed. 

WHOOP, V. L Chines-ued. See Shout. 

WHOEE, n. Uiuigune, Nzk^chin, Npenu^guten. See Uil. 

WHOSE, pron. 1st. mf err. Su6t ? It is accompanied by the verb 
to be or to have. Whose horse did you steal? ** Su(;t u epl 
gatlzin ^^u a-szn^ko ?'' or, " Suet u nakoniMtgu hi gutlzin?" 
Whose son art thou ? '^ Ku-kaelsu^t ? T'su6t u ku-skussees? 
Ku-sku8S^es t'snet ?'* 

2d. Not interrogative, He of whom, Lu shei u. See Who. Peter 

WIL 443 

is whose son died, " Pi^l shei u tellelt," or " Skussees Pi61 hi 

es-tlilerni/' (the dead is the son of Peter). It is noticeable 

that this case cannot bo literally translated, but the phrase 

must be altered. 
WHOEVER, whosoever, pron, Ist. interr, Su6t ? 
2d. Not interrogative. If meaning no matter who, any one (Lat. 

quisquis), Tee'suet ; in the past, hu su^t. Whosoever went 

there, ^* hu su^t u gui ch shei." Whosoever goes in is killed, 

'* Iju ne tee'su6t m-n61'gu m-p6lstem.'' 
3d. All those that, Esia hi sh^i (Lat. quicumque), 
WHY, adv, 1st. (interrogative), Gol-stem ? 
2d. (Not interrogative), hu golshei. 
3d. Expletive, Sh^i. 

WICK, n. 1st. As to be used, Nogomelzeten. 
2d. The actual wick of a candle, vSnogom61ze. 
3d. To place a wick in the candle-mould, les-nogom^lzeem. 
WICKED, a. T6ie, Koaukot, I-ko6u. 
WICKEDNESS, n. St^ie, Sko^ukot. 
WIDE, a, 1st. ii^kat. See Large. 
2d. Eemote, Lkot. 
WIDE-AWAKE, a. Gusgust. 
WIDEN, V, L Es-lkailshi. 
WIDOW, WIDOWER, n. Ist. As long as they mourn the lost 

consort, Slu6lemt. See Lu61em« 
2d. After the mourning, when they dress again stylishly, Nzi- 

WIDTH, n. Sl^kat. 
WIFE, n. 1st. Nogonog. 

2d. To take a wife, Chines-koUin6gonogoi, Chin-tiguln6gonog. 
3d. In comp., Pn. Whose wife art thou? " Ku-pu-suet ?" I am 

the wife of an American, " Chin-pu-Suiapi." See Pu. 
WIG, n. Skoliskomkan (lit. Borrowed hair). 
WILD, a. In all the sense of this word, Uakaukt. 
WILDERNESS, n, Ist. Lcho^ut, Lcholegu. 
2d. Woods, Lnku^zt, Lzlzil. 
8d. In the prairie, I-lgcsiilegu. 
WILDNESS, n. SuAkaukt. 
WILES, w. Takakhumshten. 
WILL, w. 1st. Spuus. Szntels, vSzchzogo. wSee Voluntary. 

444 WIN 

2d. See Testament, Bequeath. 

WILL, V. i. Ist. To be pleased, to be inclined to, I-spuds, les- 

2d. To deliberate considerately, I-8zchz6go, le8-chz6gom. 
3d. To choose, to decide, to have made up one's mind to, Chinet*- 

WILFUL, a. See Obstinate, Stubborn. 
WILFULLY, adv, Ist. I liked to do it, J-spuus, In-gam^nch. 
2d. I did it purposely, I-8zchz6go. 

3d. I did it freely, my choice, l-8znt61s. See Voluntary. 
WILLINGLY, adv, cheerfully, with pleasure, Chin-lemt. You 

work willingly, " Kue8-16mti u kues-kbli.*' 
WILLOW, n. Ist. Kolsalko, P6gpone^p, P6gpogh 
2d. To twist willows, les-si^lum. 
3d. Willow basket, Es-sielu. 
4th. Willow creek, Np6, Np6gponelp. 
WIN, r. t, 1st. To obtain a victory over a competitor, les-tletcu- 

2d. To win a prize, les-tlegupem. 

3d. To win by kindness, to bring to compliance, les-tlegupem. 

4th. To win one game, Chines-shitl-pmi. 

5th. To win a game from him, les-shitlpnunem, Ie8-shtli]:nunem. 

6th. To win all, les-guikununem. 

WIND, n. 1st. Sn6ut. 

2d. The wind blows, Es-n^uti. See N6nt. 

3d. vStrong wind, Es-pizalke. 

4th. The wind blows on me, Ko-es-neum 

5th. The wind is cool, Gaa. It cools me, Ko-es-gapnunems. 

6th. The wind falls down, I-k6i. 

7th. To break wind, Chines-puumi. 

8th. Breath, Npopeulshlen. 

WIND, V, t. To expose to the wind, les-gapnunem. 

WIND, V, t. Ist. To turn completely, les-silchmim. 

2d. To wind a watch, les-zanem lu sp'pakani. 

3d. To wind around, as to wind a top, spool, les-chialim. See lal. 

WIND, V. i. 1st. To turn around, as a hand of a clock, Chines-sil- 

2d. Wind around, Es-chialize. 
3d. As vines winding up a tree, Es-ehili^lko. 

WIS 445 

4rth. Eunning crooked, as a winding stream, Es-inpnii, iinp. 

&th. Winding stream, Es-ininku^tikn. 

6th. Winding road, Ininp^ks. 

WINDLASS, w. Snchiulmin. 

WINDOW, w. Ist. The hole, EJs-^og. 

2d. The sash, Nshins^lguten. See Shinira. Hence, Shinusem, to 

cover a hole J and les-nshils^lgum, I cover the hole of the 


WINDOW CURTAIN, n. As a screen, Niligdsten ; as it covers 

some part of the house, Ngu6ps1en. 

WINDOW GLASS, n. 1-gal. 

WINDY, a, Neutdlegu (place ot winds). 

WINE, /I. Nkuilku, Semes^ulku. 

WING, n, S'chuagan, Skapiisel. 

WINGED, a, Ep Skapkap6sel. The winged servants of God, "Lu 

skulkulstelts Kolinziiten ep skapkapusel," i,e. Angels. 

WINNOW, V. t. To fan wheat by the wind, les-gas^m. 

WINTER, 71. Ist. Siistch. Next winter, Ne istch. See Istch. 

2d. Year, Sp6ntich, Smgop. 

3d. To be surprised by the winter, Chines-chilistch^nei. 

WINTER, V, L Chines-istchi, Chin-istchem. 

WIPE, V, t 1st. Ies-e6pera. 

2d. To wipe clean, les-gukupnunem. 

3d. To wipe away one's tears, Chines-nepep'senziiti (Jit, I wipe my 

4th. To wipe one's nose, Chines-nodsi. 

5th. To wipe a child who soils himself. Ies-ep6pilem. 

WISDOM, w. Spagpagt, Smimiit. 

WISE, a, Pagpdgt, Mimiit. 

WISH, V, t. 1st. To have a desire, Chincs-pusmi. 

2d. Mostly rendered by the optative, K6mi ! I wish to die, " K6mi 

3d. Or b}' the volitive verb. I wish to drink, to go, Chines-nsus- 
t^lsi, Chines-nguielsi. 

4th. See Desire. 

WISH, V. t, Ist. To have the heart on, lea-puusem ; mostly by the 
infinite. It is my wish, ** I-spuus.'* 

2d. To wish good to one, les-puushitem, les chaushitem. 

3d. To wish, to long for an object not possessed, les-kagumincm, 

les-gumminem, les-kamszinem. See Gum, Kag. 

446 WIT 

WISH, n. Ist. Spuu8. 

2d. Will, Szntels. Note here the dtifercnoe of the volitive forms, 
(^hines-ngui^lsi and Chiks-gui ; the former means the wish, 
the second the will. I wish to go hut I will not go, '* ("hines- 
-ngui^lsi, n ta iks-gui." 1 have no wish to go, but I will go, 
" Ta is-ngui^ls, u pen chiks-gui." 

WITH, prep, Ist. Denoting instrumentality, t. Killed with a club, 
" P61stem t-luku." 

2(1. Denoting association to....... L, L kae — I live with my hus- 
band, " Chines-emuti l^u 1 i-sg61ui." I will speak with you, 
" Chiks-kolku61ti 1 anui," or, " L kaeanui." See Together. 

3d. When denoting company with a subordination, distance, with 
is rendered by the preposition ch prefixed to the verb. I stay 
with him, " les-chemdtem." I stay with the chief, my resi- 
dence is by the side of him," Chemutemen \\\ ilimigum." Who 
remains with (by) Jesus Christ in the Eucharist ? " T'suet u 
es-chlziims \n Jesu Kli I Snkaezin ?" The angels stay with 
him, " Ange ^^u s'chlziis." The apostles sat down with Jesus 
Christ, " Lu apotres chl^kshilshemis hi Jesu Kli." 

4th. When denoting identity of place, etc., prefix nko to the verb. 
I remain with my husband, in the same place, '' les-nkuiemu- 
lem ^^u i-sg61ui." I remain in the same place with him, '' les- 
-nkulziira." Who remains with Jesus Christ in the Eucharist? 
"T'suet u es-nkufziims Ju Jesu Kli lu TSnkaezin ?" The 
Father and the Holy Ghost remain with him, in the same 
place, " T'Leeus u t'Son Spagp^gt u es-nkulziims." We could 
never eay that " T'Leeus es-chlziinis \\x Jesu Kli." 

5th. With, indicating superiority, extended so far as to make the 
person do what we do, is rendered by — u>^ affixed to the verb. 
I came with my son, I brought him along with me, *' les-gui- 
usem \\x i-skus^e." I run away with her, I carry her along 
with me, " les-gutpusem." I enter with him, carrying him 
with me, " les-nofgusem." I go out with him, carrying him 
out with me, ** les-ozkausem." I cross the river with him, 
carrjnng him across with me, *' fes niekousem." N'^»te these 
three last forms : Ch-n61'gumen, I went in with him, to sit 
with him, to see him -, Nkuinolgnmen, I went in with him, In 
his company, at the same time ; Nolgusen, 1 went in with 
him, I carried, brought him in. 

WIT 447 

6ih. I go with , Chin-gui 1 I have him coming with me, 

les nkulg6iem, nkulguiraen. I carry him along with me, Ie8- 
-guiusem. I go with him, as attaching myself to his party, les- 
-chshinira. I accompany him, as a friend and protector to 
him, les-gazutem. We go together, we keep company, Kae- 
-shish^i. We go together, Kaes-shemenuegui. 
AVITHDRAW, v. t 1st. To take away, back what has been given, 

2d. Of gamblers taking back what they have paid, les-nku^mpem. 
Sd. To draw back, [es-enu6upem. 
4th. To drive out, into distant country, to take away, les-chueu- 

5th. To draw from the fire, lesnzkufeem, les-nusshelshiisem. 
6th. To retract, lel^es-tam'm, les-enu^upem. 
WITHDEAW, 17. i, Ist. To retire from a place, company, Chines- 

2d. To back out, Chines-enu^upi. 
WITHER, i\ i. Es-gampmi. Es-koelmi, Es-ampmi, Es-kazpmi. See 

WITHHOLD, V. t, 1st. To hold back, les-ku6stem. 
2d. Not to grant, Tam ies-sh^iem. 
WITHIN, adv, 1st. Of the house, L zitgu. 
2d. See Inside. 

8d. To be within, Chines-emuti. 
WITHOUT, prep. 1st. outside (Lat. extra), not inside of the door, 

2d. In front of the house, Lchemchin^lgu. See Chem, Toko, Ech- 

3d. Not with (1m\. (thsque), rendered by Ku ta, U ta. I went 
without seeing him, " Chin-gui ku tas uichten." He died 
without baptism, ^* Tas Ibatem u tlil.'' You talk without 
thinking, ** Tam ku-skulpag u ku-u^ulsh." 
4th. Having not, destitute of, (a) (Lat. sine) Ta i6p. I am without 
food, " Ta iep siilen," or ** Chin-chskam61ten." Or, Stem. I 
am without horses, " Chin-stemskagae.'* (b) If the article is 
consumed, Z'sip. I am without children, ** Z'sip \\i i-sgusi- 
gult," or " Che ta iep sgusigult, Chin-chstem^lt." 
5th. Without a shirt or cover oKany kind, Chin-choaukan. See 

448 WOM 

6th. Without hat, Chines-pUk^in. See Fik{m. 

7th. Without shoos, Chines-pt-Jpt^^shin. 

8th. Without pantaloons, Chines-chptl^pt^^kstshin. 

9th. Unless, except, hu ne ta. Without faith we cannot be saved, 

" idM ne ta kaep-snoninguen^ten ta kaka^pl ngulguilten." 
10th. Out of reach, beyond the limits, must he altered to mean : I 

cannot reach, he is without my reach, Taks-konnunegj, Tas 

konm^temstem. Jn general, Tas IkomCitemstem. See Can, 

WITHOUT, adv. L ch6lzke. 

WITHSTAND, V, t. To stand opposite, to oppose, les-eutusem. 
WITNESS, n. Ist. The attestation of a fact, Smiraii. 
2d. What furnishes evidence or proof, Chmiiten. This stone isniy 

witness, " le ssh6nsh \\x ikl-chmiiten." 
3d. An eye-witness, Chines-chmiisi. See Mii. 
4th. An ear-witness, Chines-chmiine. 
5th. Witness in a court for others, Mishzuten. One thnt knows 

about him, Sguchmi^pile, Sgunmiepem. 
WITNESS, V. t. 1st. To know by eyesight, les-chmiisem, les-chnii- 

2d. To know by hearing, les-chmiinem, Ies-chmip6nem. 
3d. To attest, les-nemi^pem, Fes-chmi^pilem. 
4th. To sign an instrument. See Sign. 
WOE, n. 1st. Heavy calamity, Sgutemszut. 
2d. To cause woe to, Ies-gut6chstem, les-chtletleepileni, les-tlee- 

3d. Woe to me! Ohin-gutemsziit ! Mil chin-konkoint. 
WOLF, n, Ist. Niamkae, Nshiizin. 
2d. Small wolf, the hero of all Indian fables, Snchelep. 
3d. Prairie wolf, cayote, Snkazos. See Kaz. 
WOMAN, n. 1st. A female, Srae^m. 
2d. Adult woman, married, Sme^m. 
3d. Wife, Nogonog. 

4th. Female attendant, S*chemtcp sme6m. 
5th. Repudiated, Sz'em. 
6th. Woman, timid, Sme6m. 
7th. Old woman, Pipogdt, /)/. Ppiipogot. 
WOMEN FOLKS, woman kind, n. Pelpilkui. 
WOMB, n. Ist. properly, Sngusigulten. 

woo 449 

2d. All the inside of a person's (male or female) body, Snisht^lze. 

See Ish6t. 
WONDER, V, i, Ist. To be amazed, Chines-psm^, Chin-ps^p, Chin- 

2d. To wonder at, I admire it, les-pspm^nem, les-kussusem. 
3d. Not to understand, les-nuil^lsem. See Uil. 
4th. T wonder whether he will ever recover, Uz m-el^paag. 

N.B. — This particle vz means: Who knows that? Some 

pronounce it oz* 
WONDER, n. 1st. The act of wondering, Spsap. 
2d. Cause of wonder^ Kuskust, Snpspt^nten. See Pas, Kus. 
WONDERFUL, a. Kuskust, Tastuh 
WONT, a, accustomed, Ep sko^m. See Ko6m. 
WOOD, n. Ist. forest, Nko^zt, Zlzil. See Thick, Thin. 
2d. Timber, Luku ; in comp., — alko. 
3d. Hard wood, Tliz'lko. 
4th. Short wood, Lguzalalko. 
5th. Long wood, Usshin^lko (not standing). 
6th. Green wood, Kal^lko. 
7th. Dry wood, decayed, Cheie. 
8th. Dry wood, sound, Gam^lko. 
9th. Higii wood, Kutenalko. 
10th. Pitch wood, Stctliiku. 
11th. Wood chopped, Szshil. 

12th. To cut wood with the axe, les-shelim, Chines-sheldlko. 
13th. To cut wood for splitting, Chines-sagoi. 
14th. To go to make firewood, Chines-ps^shi. 
15th. The wood (one piece) is on the ground, Es-chizo. 
16th. Of several pieces together, Es-pin. 
17th. Of several piles, Es-penpin. 
18th. To carry one slick of wood on the shoulder, Chines-nchizl- 

19th. To throw wood on the fire for fire, Ohines-chkamini. 
20th. To throw wood in the fire, les-nzkamnusem. 
21st. To go out of the woods, Chines-gutps^lkoi. 
22d. To go out of the wood in the open country, Chin-p6ptlem. 
23d. See Drift, Float, Chop, Tree, Saw. 
24th. Straight wood, I-togolko. 
25th. Crooked wood, Es-alko^lko. 

450 _ WOR 

WOODPECKER, n. Ist. Stelg6m. 

2d. Black woodpecker, Ziuzen. 

3d. Red woodpecker, Kolkoliehe. 

WOOL, n. Spurn. See Shear. 

WORD, n, Ist. As uttered, Szkolko^lt 

2d. As written, Kaimin. 

3d. One word, Nkozin. I say one word only, '* I-chines-nkozini." 

I say one word to , " les-nkozinem." See Say. 

4th. 1 send word to , Chines-kolko61ti ch 

WORK, r. i. Ist. Chine8-k61i, Chines-agaluisi. 

2d. I work for others, not for myself, Chines-k61shi. 

3d. I work for him, Ies-k61shitem. 

4th. To put oneself at work, to commence, Chines-chtagolechsti. 

5th. To finish work, Chines-ui^chsti. 

6th. I am at work, Chines-agatchmi. 

WORK, V, t, 1st. Ie8-k61em. 

2d. To work upon, to be busy, to strain oneself upon, les-chag^i- 
lem, Ies-chk6lem. 

3d. I keep on working it, les-agatchim. 

WORK, n. Ist. What has been worked, made, and making it, Skol, 
Szkol, Szagaluis. 

2d. What one has been working upon, toiling upon, Szchag6il. 

3d. Materials of work, K61emen. 

4th. The way of doing a job, Nk61emen. 

WORKABLE, a. Kollutem. 

WORK-HOUSE, work-shop, n. Snk6lemen. But each special 
work has a name of its own. 

WORKER, n. Guaguaat, Koilkoh, Koimkomt, Kolkolmul. 

WORKMAN, n. Sgukdlem. 

WORLD, n. 1st. The earth, St61igu. 

2d. People, Sk61ign. 

3d. This world, le 8t61igu. 

4th. The next world, Chnko 8t6ligu. 

5th. The old world, Lu 8t6ligu 1 chniskot. 

6th. Soil, eaVthly substance. Malt. 

7th. As opposite to heaven, heavenly goods, Malt. 

8th. The pleasures of the world, 16 Istoligu npielsteii. 

9th. The end ot the world. See End. 

10th. The worldlings, Lu psaie, Es-keigtems lu snpi^lsten ie 1 sto- 

WOR 451 

WOEM, n, Ist. Gam^lteni. 

2d. Worms of wood, Sguaialko. 

3d. Worms of dry meat^or salmon, Chechia. 

4th. Gun worm, Chgolkomen. 

5th. Spiral, Es-ilu^is. 

WORM, V, t. To wind it as spun yarn, a coil, les-chialmim, les- 

WORM-EATEN, a. Chin-gamalteni. 

WORN-OUT, a. Ist. Consumed by wear and tear, Temu^lsh. 
2d. Of ropes, clothes torn, Likat. 
3d. A person worn out by fatigue, Chin-:iigot. 
4th. By age, Chin-a^mt, Chin-z*sip, Chin-h6i. 
5th. That can go no further, Chin-nlapaks. 
6th. Worn out field, Aigot. 
WORRY. See Tease, Vex. 
WORSE, a. compar, Ist. Ez^ut lu tel You are worse than a 

dog, " Ku-ez^nt \vl tel nkokosmd." 
2d. Telzi t6ie lu tel Judas was worse than Pilate, '* Judas 

telzi t6ie \\x tel Pilate." 
3d. To grow worse and worse^ Chines-tietuilshi. 
WORSHIP, y. t. Ies-p6teem, Tes-he^m, les-chaum. 
WORST, a, superl, Lu t6ie, iiU mil t6ie, Tel esia u teie. The worst 

of all, Es-nshlizin t6ie. 
WORST, V, f. See Beat, Gain, Defeat, Win. 
WORTH, n. Ist. See Price, Value. 
2d. Moral worth, Siopi^ut, Niopieuten. See 16. 

WORTH, a, 1st. Equal in value to , Es-nagalaksem 1 

2d. See Deserve. 

WORTHLESS, a. 1-tenemus, Tas n6istem. 

WORTHY, a. 1st. excellent, virtuous, lopiifeut. In composition, 

S'mi — , S'mis — , S'mil — . You are a worthy man, " Ku-s'mis- 

kaltemigu." See Seme S'nii, Powerful. 
2d. Worthy of, well suited, well qualified for, I-p6tu sh^i. I am 

not worthy that you should come in to see me, ** Tam i-p6tu 

chin-sh^i lu kok8-chn61gumentgu.'' 
3d. Worthy of hatred, etc., rendered by affixing — snug to the verb. 

He is worthy of hatred, *' Chomchemsnug." It deserves my 

hatred, " I-s'chemchemsnug.'' I deserve to be hated, " Chin- 

-chemchemsnug." I think it worthy of hatred, " Chemchem- 

452 WRE 

sndgumen." Exciting anger, worthy of anger, " Amaraftnug." 

See Aaim. I think you worthy of my anger, " Amamsnugu- 

menzin.'* See Lem, Gam^nch, Gel, Deserve, and remark that 

the radical is reduplicated. 
WOUND, n. Ist. Made by an iron acuminated tool, Sluiis. 
2d. By gun-shot, or arrows, Silip. 
3d. By a whip, Sliz's. 
4th. An injury, hurt, Sfgup. 

5th. The wounds all around the body of our Lord, S'chtilze. 
6th. The wound, hole in his hand, Sl-gochin^chs. In both hands, 

7th. The wound in his foot, Sl^goshin. In both feet, SIgolgoshin. 
8th. The wound in his side, Sl^go^^niut. 

Note. — All these words refer only to the person wounded, 

and not to the one who inflicts the wound. 
WOUND, V. t. Ist. With a pointed iron tool, les-ludm. 
2d. With a gun or arrow, les-ilpnunem. 
3d. With a whip, Ies4zim. 
4th. To hurt accidentally, les-lgupniinem. 
5th. I wound his hand (by boring it through), Ie84gochin6chsom. 

Both hands, les-l-goi^gochinechsem. 
6th. I wound his foot, les-igoshinim. Both feet, les-fgol^goshinini. 
7th. I wound his side, les^golniutem. 
8th. I wound him all around, les-chitilzeem. 
9th. In general, Ies-p61sem. You wounded my heart, " Ko-p61h<^u 

}u i-spuds." 
lOth. I am wounded by running against a snag, Chin-chiikukup. 

See Luk. 
WEANGLE, V. L Chines-cheszini, Chines-gut'tzini. 
WRAP, V. t. 1st. To fold together, as a sheet, les-npntuseni. 
2d. To wrap with a cover all round, les-chpelkoizem. 
3d. To wrap up In the form of a ball, les p6lkom. 
WRAP, n. (Jhpelkoiz^ten. 

WRATH, n. Nchgut't61sten, Snchgut't^ls. Sec Gul't. 
WRATHFUL, a. Chines-nchgut't6lsi. 
WREATH, n. Ist. Inasmuch as it is interlaced, Es-nazelis, Es-lch^- 

lis, Es-lko^lis. 
2d. Inasmuch as it covers the head, Koazkan. See Hat, Crown. 
WREATHE, V. t. To tie together, les-nazelisem. 

WEO 453 

WRECK, V. t, Ist. To destroy, les-m^um, les-koUgoeriem. 

2d. To sink, Chines-nkoetmi. 

3d. To drown, Chines-ntelletikui. 

WRENCH, n. Ist. Inasmuch as it is used to twist, Koeeminten. 

2d. As it is used to fasten on a nut or screw, Zanenien. 

WRETCH, a. Konkoint. 

WRIGGLE, r. L Chines-lalamisti. 

WRING, V, t To twist, Ies-ko6m. See Pinch. 

WRINKLES, n. 1st. Spuui. 

2d. In the face, Spuuius. 

8d. To grow wrinkled, Chines-puiumi. 

4th. Roughness, L-zup. 

WRIST, n. Ist. Skolchemzn^chst. 

2d. Sore wrist, Chines-kolzalznechst. 

3d. Luxated wrist, Chinos-kolmalkuznechst. 

WRIST-BAND, arm-ring, n. Skolialkozn^chst. 

WRITE, V. t 1st. les-kaim. 

2d. To write to, les-kaishitem. 

8d. To write with, v,g. pen, ink, paper, les-kaiminem. 

4th. To copy, les-kulkaim. 

5th. To write down, les-kuIkaim. 

WRITE, V. i. Ist. Chines-kaimi. 

2d. To compose or send letters, Chines-kaishishi, Chines-chkaimi. 

WRITER, w. Ist One who writes for himself or for others, Sgu- 

2d. One who writes or wrote this or that, Kainzuten. 

WRITHE, V. i. To make contortions, Chines-p^zkoi. 

WRITING, n. Kaimin. 

WRITING-DESK, n. Snkaiminlen. 

WRITING-SCHOOL, n. Snkaiminten. 

WRONG, a. 1st. I-chin-sil (I am mistaken). See Sil, Sel. 

2d. Not according to rule, Tas i6, Ta i-stog, Tam sh^i, Tam i-p6tu 

3d. I put on mj blanket by the wrong side, Chines-chizezimozi. I 

put on my shirt by the wrong side, Chines-chpelkas^lks. 1 

put on my pantaloons wrong side outjC^hines-chpelkasakst \shin. 

For towels, etc., Chpelkaiis. 

4th. I urn wrong, Chin-o6st. 

WRONG, v. t. See Harm, Hurt. 

WRONGLY, adv, I-t'tenemus, I-gol-tenemus. 

454 YET 


YARD, n. Ist. Siigum^ten (measure). 

2d. Yard in front of a bouse, Cherachin61gu. 

3d. In closure for cattle, Kologosk^gacten. 

YAWN, V. L Chines-h^ulshi. 

YEAR, n. 1st. Sp^ntich, Smog6p. • 

2d. We are at the end of the year, Kaes-nptlemdsem i6 8p6ntich. 

3d. We are at the beginning of the year, Kaes-nchizinusem \u nko 

YEAELING COLT, n. Lkokomeus. 
YEAKN, V. L Chines-cbop^lsi. 
YEAiST, n. Snm6tlemen, Npeul6guten. 
YELL. See Shout, Cry. 
YELLOW, a. I-kualiit. 

YES, adv. Ist. Eu (I know it, 1 willed it already, a plain consent). 
2d. A (I comply with your order, request, tbough perhaps I had 

no mind for it). 
3d. Is it so ! Ah ! 

4th. Very well, be it so, I have no objection, Sh^i. 
5th. To be sure ! Most certainly ! N6H ! 
6th. [ will, I shall do so without failing, Nem. 
7th. I said yes, it is my opinion, my will, Chin-zdti ^u. 
8th. I said yes to his request, all right, Chin-zuti a. 
9th. 1 said yes, is it so ! Chin-zuti ah ! 
10th. I said yes, why not? To be sure, Chin-ziiti, neli. 
11th. I said 1 will do so, Chin-zuti, nem. 
12th. I said yes. let it go, let it pass, Chin-zuti sh6i. 
13th. I said yes, it is so, just as you say, it is true, Chin-zuti une. 
YESTERDAY, n. Ist. Spiz6, Spizelt. 
2d. The day before yesterday, Zi-znkoaskat. 
YET, adv, 1st. In addition, more (Lat. adhuc), Che^. There is one 

yet, " Chee nk6." He is yet out, ** Che^ i-ch6.'' Give me yet 

one, " Che6 nko." 
2d. Still, Chee, Pot. 
YET, conj. Pen, Ku. Yet he said : I will not go, " Ku zuti : Ta 

YOU 455 

iks-gui." Yet I say t(f you : Love your enemy, "Pen kuies- 
-zunem : Aki^-gam^nch hi an-shem^n. 
NOT YET, adv, Ziuzi, Che ta. 

YIELD, i\ t, let. It is not expressed in ilie Indian language but 
by Ku6mt, Consequently. One bushel yielded ten, " Nk6 chi- 
luize lu i-skolka, ku6mt open chiluize " (lit. One bushel was 
my seed, then were ten bushels). 
2d. See Surrender, Agree, Grant, Swell. 
YOKE, n. 1st. (Kalispel), Penpnapkanten. See Pin. 
2d. (Flathead, more correct), Chizaj>kanten. See Chize. 
YOKE, V. t, Ist. To place the yoke on bulls, les-chiz^pkanem, chi- 

2d. To yoke them together, Iea-az6usem. If more couples, Les- 

8d. They are yoked (have the yoke on), Es-chiz^pkan. 
4th. They are yoked together, Es-az6us. 
5lh. We carry that yoke, we are yoked with that, les-chizapka- 

nem, chizapkanemen zi chizapkanten. 
YOKE-FELLOW, yoke-male, n. Snkulaz^us. 
YOLK, w. Snkullip. 

YONDER, adv. Ist. If no motion, iiU il^u. 
2d. Of motion, Lu chl^u. 

YOU, pers. /?ro. Empile, Empil^pstemp ; but usually Anui, thou. 
So do the chiefs speak to their tolks, parents to their child- 
ren. Then the verb is sometimes used in the plural, some- 
times in the singular ad libitum.'^ yet when they have a par- 
ticular verb for the plural, they use this plural verb with the 
singular pronoun. You dwell together, " Kues-ai6uti '' (lit. 
Thou dwellcst together). 
YOUNG, a. 1st. Of persons, Skukuimelt ; pi. Sz'zim^lt. 
2d. Of animals, iikukuimskagae. 

3d. Young man, Tituit. When they are bigger, Suinumti. 
4th. Young woman, Stiichmish, Gest sme6m. 
5th. Young, foolish, Ps^ie. 

6th. When I was young, small, P6tu lu I is-kukuiume. 
7th. When I was young, not knowing what I was doing, P6lu lu 

1 is-psaie. 
YOUNG, n. Ist. Of animals, Kael — . The young of chickens, 

456 ZIG 

2d. Ot beaver, Sz'npu. ^ 

3d. Of sheep, Kaelgoljsco^l. 

4th. Of duck, St't6me. 

YOUR, pers, pron, — emp, — mp, affixed to the substantive, but 

vory often the pronoun this is used in its stead. Yoor father, 

**^Le^ump.'' Your mother, '* Sk6ierap.'' 
YOURvS, /)er5. />ron. Empild. 
YOURSELF, pers, pron. Bmpil6, I-empil6. 
YOUTH, n. Iflt. My youth, Lu i-skukuiume, iiw i-spsaie. See 

2d. A youth, Tituit, Suinuml (of males). 
3d. The young folks, Suiuiniimt (of males). 


ZEAL, n. I feel zeal, a burning zeal for, les-ehulpspuusem, les- 
-gamenchem. He had a burning zeal, loving his neighbors, 
" Chulpspuusemis, gam^nchis lu snkusk^ligu,'' or " Ulip lu 
spudsz " (lit. His heart burnt). . 

ZIGZAG, a. Es-iinp. See linp, Turn, Whirlpool. 












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