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Cau Shelf 





Harvard College Library 
Rec. October 8, X936 






EDWARD tregp::ar 







0<r-'P«^^' "7"?/^ cL^ 





Trb Gambier or Mangareva Islands consist of a small group situated within the Paumotu 
Archipelago, in the Eastern Paoific. They are generally known as Mangareva, that being 
the native name of the prinoipal* island (Peard Island); but on their discovery by Captain 
Wilson of the *'Duff," on the 25th May, 1797, he named them after Admiral Lord 

Mangareva Island is about four miles in length, and rises in two peaks in the form of 
wedgen, the greatest height being 1,315 ft. The large village on the east side of Mangareva 
is in lat. 23° 7' 34" S., long. 135° 0' 20" W. The other chief islands are Akamaru, Aukena, 
and Taravai. The inhabitants of the group number about a thousand. The whole of the 
islands are within an encircling coral reef. They form part of the French possessions in 

The interesting matter to the linguist and anthropologist in the following dictionary is 
that the language is pure Polynesian. Generally the inhabitants of the Paumotu Archipelago 
speak a dialect containing some element foreign to the Polynesian tongue ; but in Mangareva 
the speech is nearly identical with the Maori of New Zealand, thousands of miles distant to 
the westward. 

I trust that many a riddle of Maori scholars may be solved by this dictionary of 









A, this of, that of, those of. Ex. Te kai a toku 
motua; The food of my father, i.e., my father's 
food. Te vehitie a Marutino; The wife of 
Marutino. Tikere a puna ; Boiling out of the 
spring. 2. It is. Ex. A koe tena? Is it 
thou? 5. Used before a numeral. Ex. E 
torn a mano ; Three thousand. 

A, an exclamation. Ah I 

AA, an exclamation. To utter an exclamation. 
To admire. To look at eagerly. 

AAE, to cleave, to split. To tear,. to rend. To 
cut. Gf. Jiae, 

AAITI, narrow, tight, close. Cf. iti, 

AANATAHAQA, used to, accustomed. 

AARUA, the name of a coral reef. 

AATATA, to encounter unexpectedly. 

AE {lie)y always ; . continually. Habitually ; 

AE, to demand. To aspire to ; to claim. Plural 

AEA ((Ua), when? It is used only with the 
future. Ex. Aea mai koe ? When shall you 
come? Cf. ahea. 

AEAEA, to breathe with difficulty. To feel 
suffocated. Short of breath. 

A EVA, mad. See eva. 

AQA (a<7«)» work; labour. To work. 2. A 
fathom or six feet. 3. A basket in which fish 
are carried. 4. To receive anything. 6. To 
look at. 

Agaaga (hgdaga)y work. 

AQAQATUA (hgagatua), to turn the back to any- 
one. Cf tria, 

AQA I (hghi), adopted or adoptive. Ex. Motua 
agaiy an adoptive father, a foster-father. 

^ To nurse ; to nurture. To give food to. 2. To 
manure the ground. 3. To impregnate female 
flowers with those of the male. 

Aka-agai, to nourish; to feed. Plural aka- 

AQAMANA. a miracle; a wonder. To make 
powerful. 2. To initiate into mysteries. Cf. 

AQARA, the width or spread of a sail. Cf. ra, 

AQEROA, an expression used before pronouncing 
the tenth in counting. Ex. Tat, rua, <fcc., <fcc. 
^geroa e tai a rogouru, 

AG I (<SLgi)y a light wind ; a zephyr ; to blow 
softly as a light breeze. Agiagi^ id. Cf. 

AGIAGIGA (hgiag\ga)f a soft movement of the 

AGO A (agha), name of a part of a circular reef 
where it is broken and admits the sea from 
three to six fathoms wide. 

AGU (a^u), to murmur indistinctly; in stam- 
mering. « 

A^uagu (hguiagu)j to murmur or grumble con- 

AGUNA (aguna)y the sound of the sea on a reef 
in calm weather. Cf . agu, ' 

AHA (a/ia), an exclamation. 2. The mouth. J 
tt aha tafiaga^ involuntarily. 

AHA, what. See eaJia. 

AHAGOA, great person ! fine fellow! An excla- 
mation used in scorn to make one^ashamed. 

AH AH A (aJuiha)^ to begin a thing ; to do for the 
first time. 

A HAITI, a small mouth. Eating little. Narrow; 
close ; strait. Cf. a/ia, and iti, 

AHAKAHUI, to disappear, as a star. 

AHAKI {ahhki), to cut off or pluck fruit from a 
tree or plant. 

AHAKE, see ake, 

A HAKIM El, to gather bread-fruit with the hand. 
Cf. mei. 

AHAKOKO, the lower lip drawn into the mouth. 

AHANA, spouse ; husband or wife. 

AHANUi, a " big mouth " ; a glutton ; a gour- 
mand. Cf. aJia^ and nui, 

AHAO, to put into a bag ; to make up a packet ; 
to wrap up in a mat. 

AHAOKAOKA, to hang up ; to suspend. 

AH APE, the foot. See ape. 

AHAPIKO, with mouth awry ; making a grimace. 

AHA RUE, with swollen or distended mouth (in 
playing games). 

AHE {ahe)j to make a rent; to tear across. 
Plural aheahe. 

Aka-aheahe, to trip ; to make a stumble. 

AH EA (ah^a) when P When will it be ? 



AH I (hhi), fire ; flame. Cf. kavauahi, axiahi, 
2. When used after a word signifying a load 
or bundle, it means a load carried on the 
chest or in the arms. 

AH I AH I (ahiahi), evening. A time of the day 
including about the four hours before night 
falls. 2. A tempest. 

AHINE, a woman ; female; feminine. Applied 
^so to' the lower animals. Cf . veiney and 

A HO (hho)^ a string or thread. 2. A fishing line. 

AHU, hot; reddened; flushed. 2. A native 
oven when the stones have become red. 8. 
Cloud; mist. 

AHU (a^iu^, to transplant, as vegetables. 2. To 
move a house to another place. 

AHUAHU (ahatihu), to build; to build with 
stones. 2. To make a raft. 

AHUAHUAKE, to grow ; to grow up. Ex. £ tino 
ahuahuake ana : He is quite grown up. 

AHUREKA, a native oven of which the stones 
are red with heat. 

A I, measure ; dimension ; to measure. 2. 
Character; feature. 3. To be convinced. To 
consider as without doubt. 4. To look with 
attention. 5. To judge ; to have an opinion 
on. 6. A suspicion; surmise. Plural aiai. 
See aiga. 

Alga (diga)t thought ; judgment ; conviction 
Measure; dimension. 

Airaga, judgment; thought; opinion. 

Al, a sign of the future. Ex. Amea Ita hi atu ai : 
When will he speak? 

Al ATU, Ai MAI, to look at one another; to 
express opinions one to another. 

Al, who? Which? 

A I A, see there I Forward then ! Courage! 

A IE, interjection to call attention. Hollo ! 

AIEHE (aUhe)\ there I Look there I 


AIGAPURE (algapurejf to consecrate a house. 
See pure, 

AIHAI, to measure or appraise anything. A 
conjecture. Cf. ai. 

A 10, to calm ; to mollify ; to soften. Exs. Ku 
aio te matagi : The wind has lulled. Aio te 
vanaga : Peace is made. 

AI-NANANOA, to judge rashly; to take a side 
without consideration. 

AITA, to make grimaces ; to grind the teeth. To 
show the teeth at anyone as a sign of hat 
and disapprobation. Plural aitaita (aitaita). 

AITAGA, a descendant. 

AITI (aUi), near; narrow; strait. To be tight, 
said of a garment. Not to have room, said 
of a narrow place. See iti. 

AITIKONEA {a'itikon^a)y too tight; too narrow. 

[Note on words commencing with 
AKA. — The causative forms of 
verbs Imve been placed under 
the verb itself; thus, AKA-KIORE is to be 
found under KIORE, and AKA-KOU iinder KOiJ. 
Tlie icords which, appear as commencing with 
AKA in their proper alphabetical position are 
those which appear in the Mangarevan dialect 
only in a causative form, or of which the simple 
form has not been found in use.] 

AKA, causative prefix. To make or cause (when 
used before a verb, or word used as a verb). 

AKAAHURU, to strike with the hand repeatedly 
on the same place. 

AKAAINU, to cause to drink; to give drink. To 
cause to eat. To put porridge {popoi) or soup 
into the mouth. See inu. 

AKAAKARIKI (akaakariki), to elect, or set up as 
king. See.ariki. 

AKAAKI, to press; to crowd. Close to; close 
by. Plural akaakiaki (akahkiaki). 

AKAAKO, to feign ; to sham. 

AKAAOMO, to give suck; to give the teat. To 
bring up as a child. See omx), 

AKAAROA, to love ; to cherish. 

AKAAVA (aka-hva), to mislead ; to misguide. 
To absent oneself. To reject. To lose. 
Plurals aka-avaava (akdtivahva) and aka-aava 

AKAE, to have the skin chilled, as with being too 
long in the water. 2. To overflow, as a 
stream from its bed. . 3. To appear ; to go 
secretly, or come unexpectedly and suddenly. 

AKA El, to start off the fish so as to take them in 
the nets. 

AKA EM I EM I, to soften ; to make mellow or 
smooth. To bend ; to melt ; to persuade. 

AKAEREERE (aka-h-ehre), dear, dearest ; well- 

AKAERIRE (aka-Mre), to flatter; to cajole ; to 
appease ; to promise. To talk secretly and 
confidentially. To heal a quarrel. 

AKAERURURURU, an increasing noise. To 
strike so as to awaken a person. 

AKAETO (aka-hto), one who lives a solitary life 
apart from others. 

AKAEU, to trouble ; to stir up strife. 

AKA EVA, to hang up by a string. 

Aka-evaeva, to suspend ; to hang up. 

AKAQIAPA, to take hold of a child; especially 
to take a child from its mother's breast. 

AKAQUTUMANU, to Wold; to allow to open;' 
said of flowers. 

AKAHA (akaha), to take to pieces. To take off 
the back or skin. To strip the leaves off a 
sugar cane. 

AKAHAHAKA {aka-hahaka), to listen atten- 

AKAHAHAPA (aka-hahapa)^ to look slantwise 
when turning the head or neck with difficulty 
or painfully. See aka-hapa. 



[See note on prefix aka, page J?.] 

AKAHAKA (aka-khka), having large and dis- 
tended nostrils. 

AKAHAPA (aka-}itipa)y to bend the neck. See 

AKAHAUHAU, to he sparing in diet; sober in 
eating and drinking. 

AKAHAUMAKU,to moisten ; to make humid and 
damp. Cf. hau (dew), and aomaku. 

AKAHEOI (aka-h^oi)t to pound; to crush; to 
bruise ; to grind. 2. To dwell ; to sojourn. 
Plural aka-heheoi (aka-heh^oi). 

AKAHEREGAPOGA, to be without hesitation ; to 
be sure. 

AKA HERO, to make the flesh of the coco-nut 
rotten or rancid. Plural aka-herohero. 

AKA HI A, to stretch out; to lengthen. To 
stretch oneself when yawning. 

AKAHIA {akahia te mata ki ruga), to look 

AKAHIAHIA, to choose; to select. 2. To be 
pure ; genuine. 8. To be all black. 4. To 
tattoo so closely as to leave no space between 
the marks. 

AKAHIGA {aka-Kiga)j turned upside down. 
Thrown down or upset (applied to human 
beings, .or to anything long or large). Aka- 
hihiga (aka-hihlga), plural of the subject ; 
and aka-higahiga (aka-h'^gah^ga), plural of the 

AKAHIKi (aka-hlki), to take a child in the arms 
or on the lap. To carry an infant about to 
amuse it. See hiki, 

Aka-hikihiki, denotes a longer and more per- 
sistent dandling. 

AKAHINAHINA^to aUow food to become old or 

AKA H 10 (aka-hlo), to be sickly; unhealthy. 2. 
To drawl out one's words. 

Akahiohio, a sickness which produces languor 
but no great pain. 

AKA HI PA {aka-h\pa); to lift up the chin or jaw 
of another person with the hand; to *' chuck 
under the chin." Cf. akaipa. 

AKAHIRI {aka-htri)j to make a sick person keep 
his bed. 2. To make a nest, as a bird. 3. 
To protect its nest or hole, as a bird. 

AKAHIRI A (aka-hlria)y to enc^mre after anyone 
or anything. 

AKAHIRIHIRI, to put food round all the inner 
side of a native oven. 

AKAHOHORIJ, to have large and prominent 

AKAHOI (aka-fCbi), to cook anything too much. 

AKAHOIHOI (aka-mhoi), dreadful to the sight; 

AKAHONAHONA (nka-honalihna), to take or 
accept after having refused to do so. 

AKA-HORO {aka-horo), to swallow ; to swallow 
down. 2. To search here and there carefully. 
3. To be in quest of something of little con- 
sequence. See horo. 

Akahorohoro, to grope with the fingers for 
something unseen. 

AKAHOROHOROIRIMA, to pour water over the 
hands to wash them. See Jioroi. 

AKAHOTOHOTO (aka-Kbtohbto), large waves; 
the sea wildly tossing. 2. Achings in the 
bowels from want of food. 3. To make a 
kind of triangle by joining the tips of the 
two forefingers. 

AKAHOTU, the time of year answering to our 
month of September. 

AKAHU, the time of year answering to our 
month of March. 2. To make a bed soft and 
pleasant. 8. To manure or mellow land by 
mixing it with leaves, <fcc. 4. To present ; to 
offer. 5. To devote to (as to a god) ; to con- 
sign to. Cf. aka-huma, 

AKAHU MA, to dedicate ; to devote to a divinity. 

AKAHURARI (a^a-/mrftn), to crush; to bruise; 
to pound. To trample with the feet. Plural 
aka- hu pan pari {akahuraririfri), 

AKAHURU (aka-hum), to keep on striking with 
the hand on the same place. 

AKAHU RUTARA. to make a thing repugnant by 
dirtiness or slovenliness. Plural Aka-huru- 

AKA I A, to stretch out; to stiffen; to make firm 
or rigid. 

AKAIAIA, to hold; to hold stretched out or on 
the strain. 

AKAIAKAO (ahaihhao), to have luxurious wants. 
2. To long after another ; to desire, in a good 
or bad sense. 

AKAIGOIGO, to pout or be sulky at having to 
leave the house or family. To be sulky or 
angry at having to go and fetch something. 
To go somewhere else or to a wrong place 
through anger in being sent to fetch some- 

AKAIKUAVI, to stretch out stiffly; to hold weU 
stretched out. 

AKAINAGARO, to abuse; to call names. 

AKA I NO, to bend round ; to bow; to crook. To 
strengthen a weak canoe by binding a rope 
round it. 

AKA 1010, to weave a mat very finely. 2. To 
cut wood into httle pieces. 8. To make very 
fine; feeble. 4. To grow lean and thin. 6. 
To pine away ; to perish. 

AKAIPA, to lift up the head of a person by 
taking hold of his or her chin. Also aka-hipa, 

AKAIPOKONUI {aka-lpokonui), having the hair 
of the head bristly. To make the hair on the 
head or body stand erect. See ipoko. • 

AKAIPOKOIPOKONUI (aka-lpokoipokonui), to be 
lazy and careless, and therefore idle. 

AKAIRA {aka-lra), to spin, to twist a thread. 
Plural aka-ipaira. 

AKA IRA IRA, smiling ; gay; happy. 2. To make 
the end of a thing crooked or curved. 

AKAIRAIRAMATA, joyful; frank; open. To 
jest ; to joke. 



ISee 7u>te on prefix aka, page 2,"] 

AKAIRAU (aka-lrau), to swerve from the path ; 
to digress in speech. 2. To dig. 3. To 
finish entirely. Plural aka-iraurau. 

AKAIRIGA (aka-iflga)y house; dwelling place; 

AKAIRIHAUHAU (aka-irihauhSLu), to make a 
grand present. 

AKAIROIRO (aka-'iro^ro), see under iro. 

AKAITAKA {aka-Uaka), a coco-nut of which the 
fruit has formed, but which is not quite ripe. 
2. To break off a coco-nut with its shoot or 
sprout for making it turn or spin round. 
Plural aka-itakataka (aJta-ltakataka), 

AKAIU, to doubt; to question. 2. To rectify; 
to amend. 

AKAIVIIVI {akaAvUvi), to make of slips, slices, 
or folds. To make a fold in a piece of stuff 
whereby to cut it straight. To make a hem. 

AKAKAHI {aka-kahi), a faithful servant. 2. 
Loving in secretin 

AKAKAKIKI {aka-kakiki), to talk wildly ; to rave. 
To speak or think unreasonably. 

A KA KARA KARA (aka-kapakapa), an eager desfre 
or wish, the effect of which is baulked by 
timidity, or by the presence of someone else. 

AKAKAREKAREVAI, to rinse or gargle the mouth 
with water, Cf. kare and vaL 

AKAKAROUARA. to rub pandanus leaves on a 
small stake fixed in the ground to expand 

AKAKARU {aka-karu), to dig about trees. 2. 
To make little hillocks of earth. 3. To weed 
about the foot of a plant or tree. 4. To dig 
with a spade. 

AKAKARU-KAIGA, rich soil ; to enrich the soil. 
AKAKATA, a mirror. 

AKAKATU, a feeling of nausea ; a heaving of 
the stomach. 

AKAKEKEIE, to make a noise, as of two hard 
bodies grating or rasping together. 

AKAKEOI (aka-kloi), to pound with s^ pestle or 
masher used in the hand. To tread on the 
heels of anyone going in front. 

AKAKEREKERE, to tickle; to titillate. 2. To 
cause to resound. 

AKAKIKI (aka-kiki), a great noise of a thing 
bounding or falling, as of a slab or stone. 2. 
To give a thing entirely or wholly without 
reservation. Aka-kikikiy intensive. 

AKAKOH I KO, to tattoo. See koiko. 

AKAKO-ANA-KOHATU, to make a small shape- 
less hole. 2. To sail round to the other side 
- of a cape or headland. 

AKAKOKO (aka-kbko), to sink below the level 

AKAKOKO (aka-kokf)). See kokb. 

thoughts. See minemine and aka-komnemine, 

AKAKOROMOTUAjtobeold; decrepit. Ancient, 
applied to trees and plants when getting dry 
and dead at root with age. See koumatua. 

AKAKORORA (aka-korl>pa), to be importunate; 
to ask and beg for a thing continuously. 2. 
To come one after another. 

AKAKOTOIO, feeble; to enfeeble. To grow 
lean ; to waste, to pine away. 

AKAKOTOKOTO, to cover the head and body with 
the same garment. 2. Wearied with lassitude. 

Aka-kotokoto-kai, that is enough. 

AKA-KOUMEA, to commence to ripen, said only 
of pandanus fruit. 

AKA-KOU M EA. See koumea. 

AKA-KUATA (aka-kuata), having nausea; at- 
tempting to vomit. Aka-kuakuata (aka-kua- 
kuata), plural of the action. Aka-kukuata 
(aka-kukuata)t plural of the subject. 

Noho-akakuata (noho-akakiMta)^ to sit crouched 
up, the knees touching the head. 

AKAKURA, the lower belly. 2. Menibrum virile, 

AKAM AGAR EVA, to translate into the native 

AKAM AG I, to leave off long and laborious work. 
To recover from illness. Plural of the action, 

AKAMAHEAHEA, to saunter about the roads or 
streets in a pretty dress. See ea. 

AKAMAHETOHETO,red; scarlet. 

AKAMAHI, " Let it alone I " said of the tentacles 
of newly-caught octopus or squid. Mahi-nui^ 
a large octopus. 

AKAMAKAKA (aka-inakaka), to be superstitious. 
2. Proud; haughty. To be puffed up with 
possession of something others have not. 

AKAM AKAM AK A (aka-fnakaimka), to commence 
to ripen. Ex. E kai akamakamaka^ fruit 
commencing to get ripe. 

AKAMAKAU, to grow weaker little by little. To 
approach dissolution. 

AKAMAKOU (aka-maktm), to commit adultery. 
Aka-makoukou (aka-mak'imk'bu)^ plural of both 
action and subject. 

AKAM AKU, to preserve anything for a long time; 
not to allow it to be spoilt or wasted. 2. To 
keep close ; to hold ; to guard. Plural aka- 
makumaku (aka-makurmku), 

AKAMAKUKU, to sprinkle; to moisten. 

AKAMAMAHU (akamamahu), not to be hurried; 
to take things quietly. 

AKAMANUMANU, to shade or tint with a pencil; 
to make little dots. Cf. akamarumaru, 

AKAM ARU, the name of one of the four inhabited 
islands of Mangareva. 

AKAMARURU (aka-maruru), to stir or rouse any 
person, or cause a thing to be moved. 

AKAMATARA, to cut the first thread of a piece 
of cloth, so that it may be torn across. Plural 
aka-mataratara. Cf. taratara. 

AKAM AU EKE (aka-rnau^ke)y to oppose, to pre- 
vent ; to put obstacles in the way. 

AKAM EH IH I (aka-meh\hi), to cut and arrange 
pandanus or thatch for a roof in a regular 


[See note on prefix aka, pa§e 2."] 

AKAMEI, a sweet morsel ; a tit-bit. Kaiakameif 
food regarded as a tit-bit. 

AKAMEIOKA, to bind two ropes at the end of a 
row of meshes in a net. 

AKAMEI PARA, to render soft. Effeminate ; 
cowardly. Incapable of movement. 

AKAMIKARA {aka-mikdra), to give little in food 
or goods. 2. Only in appearance. In this 
latter sense it is used morally, as : E akaaroa 
mai ana kotou f E akamikara tahaga max 
kotou. Do you love me ? You are only pre- 
tending to do so. Plural aka-mikarakara 
(akamikarakhra) . 

AKAMOEHOTO, to arrange fish-bones along a 
spear-head. Cf. oto» 

AKAMOKOHE (aka-mokdhe)^ to escape secretly. 
Pluri^ akamokohekohe. 

AKAMOKOMOKOROA, to stretch out, or elongate 
anything originally round. 

AKAMONUNU, {aka-monurm^t to wound ; to 
pinch ; to blacken the skin slightly. 

AKAMURAU, to defraud anyone by giving much 
less than was promised. 

AKANAORE. to beg continuously ; to return 
again ana again. 

AKANAU, to ridicule ; to mock at ; to despise, 

AKANOHUNOHU, to sit down upon the heels; 
to squat or crouch. 

AKANOINA {aka-noina)t to be without foresight ; 
not to look ahead. 

AKANONOKU, to crouch down gently, said of 
people who had been standing up. 

AKANU, to have a fever. 

AKANUNU, to stammer; to be a stammerer; to 
mumble ; to mutter. 

AKAO (ak^o)y chief ; superior ; president. 2. 
A narrow arm of the sea intersecting the 
land. 3. To throw stones into the water to 
drive fish into a net. 

AKAOHO, to drive fish towards a net. Cf. akax). 

A K AO H 00 H 0, to consolidate. To fasten strongly 

AKAOKO, to consolidate; to render solid. 2. 
To hunt off ; to drive away. Akaokoga^ the 
action of trying or fastening. 

Akaokooko, to render very compact ; very hard. 

AKAO MA, to offer ; to present. To pass a thing 
to anyone. 

A KAON AON A, to recant ; to retract ; to go back 
from one's promise. 

AKAONAENAE (akaonoLenae)^ to steal a new-bom 
child. To chase a newly-fledged bird or 
young animal. 

AKAOROORO, to touch ; to feel ; to handle. 2. 
To tattoo frequently. 3. To cause to slide or 

AKAOTOOTO, to make a pleasant sound as of a 
wind instrument. 2. To sound a long time 
or many times. 3. To weep a long time, as a 
child cries. 

6 Akstpuamuku 

A KARA HI, to make differences or distinction^ 
between persons when making a distribution. 

AKAPAHUMA, oblique; inclined; slanting. To 
incline or lean. 

AKA PA I, dear; beloved; privileged. To love 
dearly ; to cherish. 

AKAPAKI, to shut a pocket knife, or other instru- 
ment that can be closed. 2. To scrape with 
the thumb. 3. To break or crush between the 

AKAPAKUTEA (aka-pakut^a)^ to be pale ; to lose 
one's colour through illness. Cf. tea, 

AKAPARAGA (aka-parhga), XYlq last child of a 
woman, in the sense of her being unable to 
bear any more children. See jia, sterile. 

AKAPARAIRA, to level down an unequal surface; 
to level lumps as by harrowing. Cf . parairai, 

AKAPARAKAU, to expose the bark of papyrus or 
the bread fruit to the air for the purpose of 
drying them. 2. Fruit having a horizontal 
position on the tree, instead of hanging 

AKAPENAPENA, to abate one's activity; to 
slacken down exertion. 2. To make a pre- 
tence of; to make an appearance of. See 

Akapenapenaga, the action of abating one's 
efforts. A pretence of doing anything. 

AKAPI-MARIE, to fill up entirely. To glut; to 

AKAPINAU (aka-vifihu), to pronounce well; to 
articulate clearly. Plural aka-pinaunau (aka- 

AKAPINAUNAU, to make an appearance of 
relenting effort. See akapenapena. 2. To 
preserve as food ; to take care Cf food in the 

AKAPITOKEPITOKE (aka-pitbkepitbke), to appear 
small, as when fruit is immature or when it 
appears too small for eating. 

AKAPOHO, to be rare; uncommon. 2. To dis- 
pute; to recriminate; to reproach. Plural 
aka-pohopoho. Akapoho-te'vai^ to drink 

AKAPOI, to incite ; to urge on. 2. To lay an 
ambuscade ; to set a snare. To act as a spy ; 
a spy. Plural, aka-polpoi. 

AKAPOKA, to open a coco-nut, or any other con- 
tainer which has no proper orifice. 2. To 
break with a stone. 3. To kill by breaking a 
person's head. 

AKAPOPOMAMATE, (aka-popomamate) to show 
one's best side to anyone ; to speak in a 
friendly and familiar way ; familiar conversa- 

AKAPUA, a seat of dignity ; a throne. An orna- 
mented altar. Puakura^ a precious thing ; a 
highly valued possession. 

Akapuaraka, a chair, the legs of which are 
adorned with carving ; used by chiefs. 

AKAPUAMOUKU {aka-pt^mouku), to be indis- 
posed from time to time ; to be ill now and 
then. Plural aka-puapuamouku {aka-puapua- 



[See note on prefix aka, page 2."] 

AKAPUKOKOETAKAO, to tittle-tattle; to invent 
scandalous stories. Cf. takao, 

AKAPURAPURA, to be present. 2. To present 
oneself before another person who is disliked. 

AKAPUREKO, to attempt to take breath when 
swimming hard. 

AKAPUROAROA (aka-purbarha^j to repeat again 
the same thing. 

AKARAE, to cut the hair in front, on the fore- 
head. 2. To divide paste or porridge (popoi) 
into big portions. 3. To divide into sections 
the leaves used for thatching a house. Plural 

AKARARARARA, rain falling in fine drops, as in 
heavy mist. 

AKARATAI, to pass along by the sea, or at sea. 
Cf. akaray akarapu^ and akarauta. 

AKARAUAGIAQI (aka-ravZtgiligi)^ to cover over 
lightly. 2. To save up ; guard, or economize 
food. Cf. rau and agi. 

AKAREIMARU, a heathen chant in honour of 
the dead. 

AKARIKI, king; lord; high-chief. Sometimes 
used as Sir or Mr. in England. Cf . ataeikU 
kurarikif atarikit <&c. 

AKARIRI, to swim near the surface of the water, 
as a shoal of small fish sometimes does. 
Akariririri, plural of the action. Akaririri, 
plural of the subject. 

AKARIRORIRO, to carry; to take away things 
one by one on the shoulders. 2. To try and 
lift up a thing. 

AKARIU, to put one person face to face with 
another. 2. To be everywhere; all over the 
country. 3. To make the circuit of ; to make 
a complete turn; a circle. Akariuriu, plural 
of the action. Akaririu, plural of the subject. 

AKAROHEROHE, to give in very small quanti- 
ties ; to give some very small thing. 

AKAROKAYE { to become of a yel- 
lowish colour. 

AKAROKAYEEKE, showing only the arms or 
tentacles, as a squid or octopus under a rock.- 
See kave and eke, 

AKAROUMAE (aka-rouniae)^ to be pallid through 

AKARUA, north-east ; the north-east wind. 

AKATAEAEA, to fasten one's clothes; to wrap 
oneself in a garment. 

AKATAIHU (aka-talhu), to examine; to enquire 

Akataihuga {aka-talhuga), an examination ; an 

AKATAKAROA (aka-thkarba)^ said of illness, or 
of ills. 

AKATAKARORI, to trample down a plantation. 
Plural aka-takatakarori. 

AKATAMAROA-KOEATU, to give courage; to 

AKATAMEAMEA, to give the appearance of; to 
sham or pretend. See akameamea. 

AKATAMURE (aka-tamure), to find fault with. 

AKATAMURI {aka-tamuri)^ to be steering wild; 
having the bow falling on and off the course 
to be steered. 2. To turn round so as to 
return. 3. To march to the rear. 

AKATAOGAOGA, to float, as a flag in the air. 2. 
To waver ; to fluctuate. 3. To stir ; to move 

AKATARARE {aka-tarhre), to commence a thing 
and not to finish it ; to leave off after pre- 
tending to commence. 

Akatararega, expediency. 

AKATARIRU, to cause a canoe to swerve or turn 

AKATAUMAMA, a light bundle or parcel. Cf. 
mama, light, and akataUj to pursue. 

AKATAUTATETA (aka-tauthtlth), to place in a 
certain position ; to lay a thing down. 2. To 
place a thing in such a position that it will 
easily fall. 

AKATAUTAU, to make an assault ; to attack. 

AKATEKE, support. A prop. To raise a thing 
by putting something else under it to keep it 
from touching the ground. 

AKATEKIRE, to swell out; to bloat; to fatten. 
2. To husband, to regulate, to bring up as 

AKATIAPA, to assume ; to claim. To choose 
for oneself. 

AKATIPAE, to obstruct the path; to block 
passage. 2. To put across. 3. To contract 
the borders or edges. 4. To turn round. 6. 
To turn a thing aside little by little so that 
the action is hardly noticeable. Plural aka- 
tipaepae (akatipaep^e). Cf. pae. 

AKATIRATAKU (aka-tirathku), to be great in 
extent or compass (either of quantity or 
quality), said of human beings or of things. 

AKATITAVE (aka - tithve), to give in small 
quantity, said of food. 2. Not to be present- 
able ; not fit to make appearance. 

AKATOAU, fine rain. To rain almost as lightly 
as falling mist. 

AKATOI, to begin a journey; to commence to 
march. 2. To walk like an old man. 3. To 
go gently, softly. 

AKATOKAE, the name of an evil deity of the 

AKATOKUI, to be huge, ponderous, unwieldy. 

AKATOPAKETOPAKE, to make discords in a 
song ; to spoil a recitative. 

AKATOROPUKE, to insult a deity by being angry 
with it. 2. To be in a rage. 3. To seek to 
destroy anyone. 4. To blaspheme. 

AKATOROUKA, to lament excessively; to mourn 
and wail beyond reason. Plural akatorotoro- 

AKATOTO, to supplicate or beseech with great 
earnestness and insistence. 

AKATOTOHI, retention of urine. 2. Pains from 
dysentery, or from passing urine. 3. To 
trickle drop by drop, with difficulty or with 



[See note on prefix aka, page 2J] 

AKATOUAPA, the same as akatiapa^ which see. 

AKATOUARA, to leave a remainder ;. to leave 
something over, as an odd number. 

AKATOUGAKI (aka-tougaki), to refuse to render 
service or fealty when called upon. 

AKATUATOE, in great quantity. 

AKATUATUATAMAKI (aka-tuatua-taniaki), to 
reject; to refuse all kinds of invitations or 

AKATUMATA (aka-turmtajj not sufficiently 
cooked, said of food. Of. mata and keiata. 

AKATUMUAHI, to keep a fire smouldering 
without making it burn up brightly, Cf. a/«, 

AKATUPUHI (aka-tupuM)y to guard; preserve; 
to husband ; to take care of anything, Aka- 
tuputupuhi (aka-tuputupuhi)y plural of the 
action. Akatutupuhi (akatutupuhi)^ plural of 
the subject. 

AKATUREVA {aka-turhja)^ to stop doing a thing, 
or to cause another to interrupt an action. 
2. To send anyone away. 

AKATURUMA (aka-turuma), a sluggish idle 
person who does nothing but talk about what 
he can. do. 2. To sit down near your work 
and come back without having done anything. 

AKATUUGA, to make easy; to make skilful or 
expert. To show or point out the way ; to 
teach or instruct. Cf. tuhuga, 

AKAUAUA (aka-uaua), not to listen to counsel 
or advice ; to be deaf to reason. 

AKAUMEUME (aka-umeume) to be clumsy at 
weaving a mat ; to made a badly woven mat. 

AKAUPAKI, to constrain to eat. 2. To make an 
effort to do anything; to make continued 
efforts. 3. To glut ; to satiate. 4. To be 
stubborn or obstinate about receiving any- 
thing. Plural aka-upaupaki. See next word. 

AKAUPAKU, to make efforts or exertions; to 
strain, to strive. See akaupaki. 

AKE, at; to; in; up. This word is used after 
verbs to express action upwards, as from a 
low place to a higher one, or from an inferior 
to a superior. Ex. Piki ake; climb up. 
ake ; give it to him ; that is, when the person 
to whom the thing is to be given is your 
father, your chief, etc. Between equals, 
atu would be said. Sometimes ahake is used 
instead of ake. 

AKENA (or AUKENA), one of the four inhabited 
islands of Mangareva. 

AKERE {akere), a disease which attacks trees 

^» and makes them hollow. 2. Sky-blue. 3. 

Cloudy weather ; dull weather. See kerekere. 

Akerekere, deep ; profound. 2. Dark ; sombre ; 
said of deep places ; of the sea ; also of the 
darkness of night. 3. The blue of the sky. 
4. A dark shadow. 

AKI, to push on ; to shove on ; to drive forward. 
2. To gather with the hand, as fruit. 3. A 
cry of joy. 

Akiaki, to push on a great way ; or to continue 
urging forward. 2. To often gather things, 
as fruit. 

AKIAI, " Who said that ? " 

AKIANA, a ditch or grave for dead bodies. See 

AKIHEA, a season at the commencement of 
summer, about (the southern) October. 

A KIORE-AR A, exclamation answering to" wretch, 
what are you doing ? " 

AKIPUA {akipua)t to detach the hook and line 
when tangled among stones and coral. 2. A 
perforated stone sent along the line to un- 
fasten the hook when caught in an obstacle. 

AKIRIKIRI {akirikiri)^ to give a nickname. 2. 
To talk nonsense ; to tattle folly or indecency. 

AKO, the name of a small fish ; taken with the 
fish-hook, kiriti. 

AKO, to jump into the sea. 2. To essay ; to 
prove ; to try. Plural akoako. 3. To practice ; 
to exercise. 

Akoga, a test ; a proof. 

Akoakoga, a test ; essay. Experience. 

AKOiTI, the name of a fish. 

AKOMEA, a kind of red fish shaped like the 

AKOMEAKURA, the name of the akomea fish 
when young. 

AKOROIO-NEI, at this moment ; at this present 
time. Cf. akuneit nei^ &o. 

AKU, the name of a fish. 

AKU, good ; sweet. Without trouble or dis- 

AKU AKU {d>kuaku)y thin; slender. Said of men 
and women only. 

AKUEA {akv^a)^ to be languid ; drowsy on 
account of the heat. 

A K U M A N U , sadness ; lethargy. To have ennui ; 
not to know what to do with oneself. 

AKU N El (aA;&7Wi),now; just now ; soon ; shortly. 
Akunei mai au ; I will come soon. Cf. Amenei^ 
aponeif and net. 

AKU RE (akure)y to hunt for lice. 

AKU R ERA {akurlra), to put clothes on care- 
lessly ; to be badly dressed. 

AKURURUE, to sing through tediousness or 
ennui ; to sing to pass the time. 

AKUTAHAGA, gentle; peaceful; without dis- 
quiet. Very good ; harmonious. 

A MA, the outrigger of a canoe. 

AMAAMAI, to pitch up and down, as a boat. 
The pitching of vessels. 

AM AM A [ainama), to yawn, to gape. 2. To make 
a grimace by opening the mouth. 3. Partly 
open ; ajar. 4. To chew, to masticate. Qi, 
mama. Amamamama (amamam^ima), plural 
of the action. Aamama {aamiama), plural of 

Aka-amamamama, to open wide a door, sack, 
or anything which shuts or envelopes some- 





AMATI, to crowd up dose to one. 

AMENE, )now; at this time; at present. Cf. 
AM EN El,/ akuneit aponeit BJiA neu 

AMI, a substance found in the interior of cray- 
fish. 2. A girdle worn by men to cover the 
private parts. See amituitai and amikoekoe, 

AMIKOEKOE {amikoekoe)^ a girdle for covering 
the private parts, fastened with a buckle at 
the side. 

AM 10 {amlo)i a fire which dies away or is 
quenched on one side and bums up on the 

AM 10, to come from every direction; to turn 
hither and thither, said of wind. 2. A wind 
that blows in puffs, that whirls in eddies. 
Matagi amio or amiomiOt squalls. Plural 

AMIROUMEIKA (ami-rou-meika), a girdle of 
banana leaves, signifying that one is a herald 
or messenger. 

AMITUITAI, ) a bandage or crupper-belt for 
AM ITU I AM ARO, j concealing the private parts. 
See ami and maro, 

AMO, to wash the body all over rapidly. 

Amoamo, to wash the body all over rapidly for 
a long time. 

AMOAMOTU, to look pleasant at anyone, as in 
making congratulation. 

AMU, to take food into the mouth and eat it 
without touching it with the hands. 2. To 
eat scraps or remnants. Plural Amuamu. 

Amuamu, to toss the head while eating after 
the manner of greedy persons. 2. To raise 
the head so as to seize a thing with the mouth. 

AMUAVEVA (amuhvewL)^ to take or eat food not 
quite cooked. 

AMU I (awui)i to look fixedly at an object which 
excites curiosity. 2. An expression used 
when flies collect to suck up their food. 
Plural amuimui (amuimui). See mui. 

AMUKIORE, ) to again go back to lewdness or 
AMURIKIORE,/ indecency; to backslide. 

AMUTI, to gather together about some newly 
arrived person or thing. Plural amutimuti. 

ANA, a particle placed after a verb to show the 
present tense of the indicative mood ; placed 
after a substantive or pronoun signifies 

ANA, a cave ; cavern ; grotto. 2. A sinking 
down or falling of the ground. Cf. akiana^ 

Anaana {hndana)^ small caves or caverns. 2. 
Suffocating heat. 

ANAKE, alone; single; only; solely. See ke 
and meake, 

ANANi, an exclamation: *'Tou*re a dirty 
creature 1 " ; or ** Helpless creature I " 

AN AREA, the name of a shrub. 

ANE, a black scurf on the skin. See anemaga. 

Aneane, dark filth or dirt on clothes. 2. A skin 
covered with salt from sea-bathing. 3. A 
hole or £rack in the ground made by the 
scorching sun. 

AN EM AGO, a semi-fluid substance found in the 
shark; if it falls on the skin it inflames and 
reddens the surface. Cf. magoy a shark. 

AN I, to be accustomed; practised; to habituate 
oneself. 2. To ask; demand. Cf. koani. 
Plural aniani (aniant). 

ANIKERE (anik^re), to bind with regularity and 

ANIURU, a border; extremity; margin; the 
curb of a well, &q. 

A NO, the name of a tree having very fragrant 

A NO, to appear. Ex. E ano ake ana te etu ko te 
ava ; The morning star has begun to appear. 

ANOAKOUPANE (ano-akou-pane), to march 
abreast and with uniformity. Cf . pane. 

A NOT I, like; so; resembling. 

A NU, cold; coldness. Seeatianu, 

Anuanu (hnit^nu), rather cold; coldish. Less 
strong than anu. . 

ANUANU (anmnu), saliva; spittle; to spit. 

ANU ANU A {anuanua)t mists ; clouds on the 
horizon. 2. The rainbow. 

AO, the world ; the universe. 2. To be able ; to 
have authority over. 3. Cloud; mist. 4. A 
tranquil conscience ; inward peace and conso- 
lation. 5. Government ; reign. 6. The 
name of a tree (Hibiscus tiliaceus), 

AO, to overturn ; to spill. 2. Vibration ; 
sound; to sound. 3. To go or come. See 
aoatu and aomai. 

Aka-ao, to empty ; to upset ; to spill. 

Aoao, to turn a vessel upside down to empty a 
liquid therefrom. 2. To lean ; to incline. 

Aka-aoao, to cause to lean or incline ; to put 
one side higher than the other. 

AOAORA, any kind of food not usually eaten but 
partaken of through economy to husband 
other kinds. 

AOATU (ao-atu), to go ; to go away. Ex. Ao atu 
id ko ara e ; Go hither quickly. 

AOMAI (ao-mai)t come hither. 

AOA {aM), to regret; to long for anyone. 2. 
Condolence with one who grieves. 

AOAKAPU (abak^pu), to take advantage of the 
absence of a person to speak well of him. 

AOQA {df>ga)t a vessel like a trough but deeper 
and pierced with holes. Used in the making 
of turmeric powder. 

AOMAKU, humid ; moist. Also aumaku. 

AOPETI, a small light or glimmer seen in the 
sky at night. 

AOPU (o^pu), to have an easy conscience ; to be 
content and tranquil. All at peace. 

AORA, an exclamation, '* After all ! " *' He 
lives!" " He is safe 1" 

ACTA R A, to ravage ; to lay waste ; to spoil. 

AOTIKAQA (ao-tikaga), authority; power. To 
be able. 

APA, to pass into another person's hands, said 
of an object. 2. To take possession of. 



Apaga {ap^ga)t a bundle; a burden. 2. A 

A PA I, to carry; to bear. Apai-mait to fetch; 
apai-atUf to carry off ; apai ki rarOt to abase, 
to humiliate ; apai ki ruga, to elevate, to 
honour. Apapai (apaphi) plural of the action ; 
Aapai {aaplai), plural of the subject. 

Apaiapai, denotes more continued action than 

Apaiga, bearing, carrying. 

APAI N A, to raise up. 2. To carry. See opa/. 

APAPA, the gable end of a house. 

APARAQI, to be very thin or slender; fine or 
delicate. 2. Dried up. 

APE, club-footed or knock-kneed; a club-footed 
person, or cripple. Plural apeape (apehpe). 
See apeturi. 

Aka-apeape, to mock at lame people, to ridicule 
a cripple. 2. To speak or act at cross- 

APEAKAYA, the name of a bay at Takutua, 

APEAPEKURA (hpeapekura), the name of a small 

APETURI (Sip<?<Mn), having a twisted or deformed 
knee. See ape. 

API, to burst ; to be scattered as a broken egg. 

Apiapi (apihpi), to be pressed or crowded ; to be 
squeezed upon by a mob. 

Aka-api, to be pressed upon, as in a narrow 
place by a crowd. Plural Aka-apiapl (aka- 

APIAPI, a kind of fish. 2. See under a2>i. 

API PI (ap'^pi), to scrape or bruise itself in 
falling, said of over -ripe fruit. 

A PITA {apita"^, to make a circle ; to put a ring or 
girdle of wire, thread, or cord round anything. 
Plural apitapita (apitapita). 

APO, to praise, to extol. 2. To praise oneself, 
to boast, to vaunt oneself. 

APOAPO (apoapo), to provide for anyone's wants. 
2. To take care of lovingly. 3. To endure, to 
pocket affront. 

APOAPOA, to honour; to venerate; to respect. 
To be respectful to anyone. 

A PON El, this evening. See hei, po, akunei, &c. 

APOPO, to-morrow. See^o. Apopo viai au : I 
shall return to-morrow. 

APUKU (apuku), the name of a fish. 2. Bread- 
fruit of the first crop. 3. Coloured with 
greyish spots. 

APUKU PUKU (apukupUku), the young of the 
apuku fish. 

APURU (apUru), to be heavy; sluggish. 2. To 
be cowardly. 3. To be embarrassed ; shy. 4. 
Suffocated or smothered by pressure of a 

APUTE (apute), to invent stories or tales. Plural 
aputepute (apUtepute). 

ARA, a road; path. 2. The pandanus tree 
(screw-palm, Pandanus odoratissimus) male or 
, female. See arainano. 

ARA, to awake ; to awaken ; to rouse up. Plural 
arara (arara). Cf. hara, mataara, kiara, 

ARA, defective; abortive; to miss; to fail. To 
miss one's mark, as in throwing a stone. 2. 
A fault. 3. A quarrel. Plural arara (arhra), 
Cf. hara, a fault. 

Aka-ara {aka-hra), to make any one miss his 

ARA, this, that (so as to indicate exactly). Ex. 
A tagata ara ; That (particular) man. 

ARAAITIGA (araaitiga), a place where many 
people are used to assemble or pass through. 

ARAARAPIA {ara(irapia)\ a species of Ti (Cordy- 
line) plant, only found in the Pacific Islands. 

ARAETU (araetu), a cluster of stars in great 
quantity and uniformily, as in the Milky 
Way. See etu and ara, a road. 

ARAGUQU {aragugu)j a rough rugged place, full 
of bushes or brushwood. Cf., ara a road, and 
gugu an infirmity of the feet. 

ARA HA, a plateau; a flat raised place without 

ARAHAOHAO, a phrase used in making mats. 

A RAH EM A (arahhna), to be left-handed. 

ARA I {arhi)y an obstacle ; a barrier. To block 
up ; to put obstacles. 

ARAINANO, the male pandanus. See ara, the 

ARAKAKI, an opening left in an unfinished gable. 
Cf., ara a road, and kaki. 

ARAKAYA (arakhva), a delicate kind of sugar- 
cane. See kava. 2. Bad milk, painful 
breasts, said of a nursing woman. 

ARAKE, one who is carried off by others. 

ARAKIKO, the kernel of pandanus fruit; pan- 
danus having kernels. Cf. ara and kiko. 

ARAKINIKINI, good; propitious. Ex. Arakini- 
kini te ragi kia matou; The skies are propitious 
to us. 

ARAKIORE, to call to ; to implore ; to conjure. 

ARAKOKO, a depression in the soil; a valley. 

ARAKOMOKOMO (arakbmok^io), the lower part 
of the thighs or buttocks. See araroa. 

ARAMAKOU, the lower part of the buttocks. 

ARAM ATAM AH AN I, a large mat of bright coloured 

ARAN El, t6-day. Cf. nei, aponeij akuneit&e.i 
and ra^ a day. 

ARAN I {arani), France ; French. Probably 
modern, for Farani. 

ARAOKO, vigorous, said of young persons. 

ARAONEA, the last finishing touches in making 
a mat. 

ARAPAKE (arapake), pandanus fruit hard to 
break. See ara. 2. The head. 

ARAPOTOPOTO, several things together, some 
long and some short. 

ARAPUNUANOA, the circumstance of finding a 
lot of things together. 

ARAPUPU (arapupu), a place full of stones and 
thickets, almost impassable. 


ARAPUPU, to think ; to cogitate. 

ARAREVA, to be transitory; transient; having 
little durability. Cf. reva. 

ARAROA {araroa)j the interior of the lower part 
of the buttocks or thighs, as arakomokomo is 
the exterior part. 

ARAROA {ararba), to awake very early in the 
morning. See ara^ to awake. 

ARARUA {ararua)y a double seam or sewing; a 
double row. 

A RATA I (arathi)y a single garment used while at 
work, it may be of leaves only or woven. 

ARATAKOE, exclamation : Missed I You have 
missed your stroke or aim. 

A RATAL), to call out in such a manner as to 
drown your adversary's voice. 2. Discussion ; 

ARATO, the name of a plant, a kind of nettle. 

ARATO, to go here and there, or do this and that 
in a foolish way. 

ARATURI KEKE, brave ; courageous. 2. Eloquent. 

ARAOMOE, pandanus having no kernel in the 
fruit. Cf . ara. 

A RAVE I (aravei)^ confusion of voices when many 
are speaking at once. 

ARE, to dry up; to be dried. Plural areare 

AREA (ar^a)y the places for sitting in a canoe. 

A R ERA R ERA (arerarera)^ the name of a fish. 

ARETOA (aretha), strong; robust. 2. Brave; 
valiant. 3. Active. See toa. 

AREUMU, a kitchen; cooking place. Cf. umu 
and hare, 

ARI, the name of a god. 

ARI, to carry a thing which has required several 
attempts before it can be done. 2. To carry ; 
to convey. Ariarl (arvari), plural of the 
action ; aapi (ciari), plural of the subject. 

ARIA (arm), a place not having any trees. 2. 
A plain or plot of ground without trees, but 
having brushwood growing. 

ARIAMOGO (ariamogo)^ a large plain. 

ARIARIAPEHI (ariaruL'pehi), having a grand 
physique ; of great stature. Only said of 
persons up to twenty-two years of age. 

A R i K I , see akariki, 

ARIKI {af%ki)^ a mat orbed of herbage or leaves 
on which to lay something down carefully, or 
to ornament a road as with a carpet. 2. 
Anything used as a covering for food. 3. 
Leaves or foUage used as a bed in a country 
place. 4. Leaves, Ac, used for packing 
things away with, as in a box. 6. To cover 
the earth with leaves as for a bed, as an orna- 
ment to a road, &c., &c. Plural arikiriki 

ARIMATANUI (an -wata-nui), very skilful; well 
practised ; clever. 

ARIRO, an exclamation: It is lost!; Someone 
else has got it 1 See aroriro. 

10 Ata 

ARIU r(arltt), to turn; to turn oneself round. 
Arlu-ki-raro, to lie down on the belly with 
face to the ground. Ar'iu-ki-ruga^ to lie 
down face upwards. 

Arlupiu (ariurtu)y to turn oneself round and 
round when lying down. 

Akaariu (aka-ariu), to turn so as to face anyone. 
2. To face towards. 

ARO, before ; presence. I te aro ; in the presence 
of. 2. Complaint ; lamentation ; to weep on 
account of suffering. 3. Squaring or trim- 
ming timber, &c. ; putting a " face " or surface 
on it. 

AROA, a doubtful interrogation. Ex. Kim kai 
koe nei aroa ? Have you (perhaps) eaten 
anything ? 

AROA (for Aroha ?). See aka-aroa. 

AROA (arha), the name of a fish with a large 
mouth. Cf. roa. Aroaroa, a diminutive, i.e., 
small fish of the aroa species. 

AROAGAMAI (aroagamai), to have newly arrived 
at a place in which one intends to dwell. 

A ROA ROA, this; that. 

A ROA ROM AG A {aroaromaga)^ steep, craggy, said 
of a mountain. 

AROHA (ar'dha)y squared ; having four faces. 
Cf . aro and ha, 

AROKEVA, poor bread-fruit; bread-fruit of puny 
and starved appearance. 

ARORA {arhra)y to sing joyfully to oneself. 
Plural aroparora {arTyrarbra). 2. A kind of 
licentious chant. 

ARORAGI, to be seen on the horizon. 

Aroaroragi {aroarwagi), to be extended along 
the horizon ; situated on the horizon. Cf . ragi. 

ARORIRO, exclamation : Lost I Gone to others 1 
See ariro. Cf. riro^ gone. 

AROTUA (arotua), to have bosses or projections, 
as the spinal column has. Cf . tua. 

ARU, to insist ; to persist. 

Aruaru (anmru)^ to run after ; to pursue ; to go 
in pursuit. 

ARU A, the name of a fish. When young it is 
called popo. 

ARUAI (aruai), to vomit ; to have nausea. 2. 
To have heavings or palpitations of the heart. 
Plural^ruaruai {aruaruai)^ to vomit frequently, 
but not so severely as aruai. Plural of the 
subject aaruai {aaruai). 

ARU I {ariii), to face towards. 2. To turn the 
head so as to see. Aruirui {aruirui), plural of 
the action; aarui (aarui), plural of the subject. 

ARURARURA, to stammer; to lisp; to mock 
anyone who is speaking. 

ARUTA (aritta), very handsome ; beautiful. 

ARUTI (aruti)j to hurry in making a distribution ; 
to do in haste. Plural arutiruti {arutiruti). 

ATA, an image ; a likeness ; a portrait. 2. The 
shadow of a human being. 3. The form; 
shape. 4. The appearance. 5. Morning or 
evening, twilight. 6. Daybrei^, dawn. 7. 




An imprint, impression. Ex. E ata o te vavae; 
a footprint. 8. To make an impression ; to 
have influence over a person. See ataata^ 
atahaiJiaif atareureUj &c. 

ATAAKAKIKO. an ancient piece of property or 
chattel in the shape of three branches termi- 
nating in a hand. 

ATA AT A {ataata), to be full of matter, said of a 
sore ripe for lancing. 2. To be large ; wide ; 
distant ; far - stretching ; spacious. Hare 
ataataj a spacious house ; Ku ataata tehito te 
vaka^ the canoe is already far off. Cf. taata 
and vatavata, 

ATAEIKI {atae\ki)y to do nothing, and to dress 
richly in a luxurious way. Cf . akariki. 

ATAGUTU, the mouth or opening of a native 
oven. Cf. gutu, 

ATAHAIHAI, the evening twilight. 2. A beauti- 
ful sunset. Cf. ata and atareureu, 

ATAHUNA (atahuna), modest ; retiring. 2. 
Lonely ; solitary. Cf . tahunahuna, 

ATA I A I, twilight; clouds red with the sunset. 
Cf. atahaihai, 

ATAKURAKURA (atakhrakUra)^ a beautiful sun- 
rise or sunset. Cf. ata and kura, 

ATAORAU, a wart ; a soirrhus ; a pimple. 

ATARA, a box or case made of reeds, and 
with food placed therein for a deity. It is 
put in the hole where the ma is fermenting 
in order that the god may take care of the 
whole quantity. 2. An altar. 

ATAREUREU, dawn; the first peep of day; 
morning twilight. Cf. ata, atahaihai, &c. 

ATARI Kl, the eldest son. Cf. akariki. 

AT ATA I (atatcti), the strand ; the beach. Ao ki 
te atatai ; to go to stool. 

ATE, the liver. 2. The inward parts of the body. 
To ate ! an imprecation, ** Give me your 
inside I " See four following words. 

ATEA, a mocking expression : " You are pale ; 
are you taken P " Cf . tea, 

ATEQO, a kind of imprecation. 

ATEORARO, a kind of imprecation. 

ATEORORO, a kind of imprecation. 

ATI, a descendant. Atitope, a descendant of 
Tope. See Atikura and Atitane. 

ATL to wait for; to hope for some time. 2. 
To break; to break to pieces. Atihti marks 
an action a little longer than ati. Ati-atu, 
ati-maif to have mutual reliance. 

Atla, "Let it be broken " ; *♦ Break it." 

Atiga, a nail or claw. 2. Fracture. 3. The 
breaking of waves. 

ATIANUA {atianua) or AKAMARU, one of the 
four inhabited islands of Mangareva. 

ATIAOA {atia^), the name of certain lands and 
of a bay in Mangareva. 

ATIQATAHI, a wave ; a surge ; a breaking billow. 
See under ati. 

ATI HOI, the name of a tribe at Takutua, Ma- 

ATIKURA, the name of a people forming a 
certain tribe, as though one said *'the race 
of Eura." See att, a descendant. 

ATI ME A, the children of; the descendants of. 
See ati. 

ATI R I KIGARO (atiri^tyaro), the name of the 
chief bay of Takuaro. 

ATITANE, the name of a Mangarevan family: 
•♦ the children of Tane." 

ATITARAKAU, the race of Tarakau, a branch of 
the Mangarevan people. 

ATITITITI, a cry of encouragement to stimulate 
paddlers or rowers. 

ATITOPE (atitope), the poetical name of Aukena. 

ATITUITI, a tribe dwelling at the foot of the Hill 
of Mangareva. It is divided into two portions, 
one ** of the heights " named Atituiti-i-ruga, j 
and the other ** of the lower part '* Atituiti-i- J 

ATIUTUATU, to wait for ; to stay for. 

ATO, to relate ; to recount. 2. To share in an 
undertaking. Plural atoato (htoato), 

Atoga (atT)ga), a history; narrative. 2. A 
design ; a project. 3. To be questioned con- 
cerning an affair. 

ATO, to leap ; to spring ; to rush forward. 2. 
To dive into the sea without noise or splashing. 
Atoato. plural of the action ; aato, plural of 
the subject. 

ATOTA, an exclamation: "You'll be taken I " 
** You will be caught 1 " 

ATOT ATOTA, red ; scarlet. 

ATOTO, to shine ; to glitter. 2. A bright fire. 
Cf. toto. 

ATU, away; off; hence; as ao atu, go away, 
ari atu, carry off. It expresses the opposite 
action to mai, hither. 

ATU, to fold double ; to bend in two. A fold. 
To gather Iq folds. Plural atuatu {(ktuHLtu). 
Cf. atuha and hatuhatu. 

ATU, a great noise, as of cries and loud words. 
2. The gizzard of a bird. 3. A kind of fish. 
4. A round fruit-stone. 5. Bound; rounded. 
Ex. Atu-marama^ round in form, like the 
moon; atu ra^ round, as the sun. Cf. atu- 
Tnata. 6. A fruit-stone ; a kernel. 

ATUGA, the nape of the neck. See aturei. 

ATUGAKE, to exhale a hot smell. 2. To be un- 
able to go to stool. 

ATUHA, to fold in four plies. Cf. atu^ hatuhatu, 
ha, and aturua, 

ATU! (atui), to argue for; to give reasons. 
Plural atuitui (atuitui). 

Atuiga (atuiga)t a conference ; a council. 

ATU MA {atuma), to be violet-coloured. 2. A 
reddish earth. 

ATUMATA, the pupil of the eye. Cf. atu and 

ATUPIRO {atuplro), clotted blood. 

ATURAU, to make a long bristly chain or garland 
with leaves of the coco pakn. It is used in 
fishing. See rau. 



A yaitereureu 

ATUREI (atur^i), the lower part of the neck, 
where tne breast commences. See atuga. 

ATURUA, folded doable. See atu, nuiy atuha. 

ATURURUE (atururue), a cry and song of joy. 
2. A cry of alarm, of war. 

ATUTA, a district; a part of the country. 2. 
The suburbs or extension of a chief town. 

ATUTA HA (atuthha)j country fields. A country- 
man ; rustic. 2. A lonely place. 3. A place 
distant from the capital. 4. A stone fastened 
to the end of a string, used to lift a turtle in 
the water and drive it into the net. 

ATUTIRI, thunder. Of. pakaatutiri. 

AU, I; me. 2. The rising and falling of the 
tide. 3. A garland or crown. Cf. aukata- 
kata^ aukouga^ aupikitavake. 4. An awl; a 
piercer. 6. Dew; night dew. Cf. axuinu. 
6. Gall. Cf. eahu and hau, 7. A current; 
tide. 8. Sea-clouds. 9. A bent bodkin; a 

AU, to seize; to catch hold of earnestly. 2. To 
take the seeds or flowers of cotton horn their 
pods. 8. To gaUier up scattered things; to 
take everything. 4. To gather one by one. 5. 
To straighten ; to correct. Plural auau (auau), 

A U AG I AG I, small remnants of food. 

AUAHI, to smoke, as a fire. Cf. a/tt, kavauahij 
and au, 

AUAHU, to build ; to erect. 

AUAITU, rags; tatters. 

AUAKINO, a dirty place; a wallowing place of 
animals. Cf. kino. 

AUANU (aitanu)^ to feel the absence of a person; 
to regret departure of anyone whose presence 
makes the place agreeable, said of great per- 
sonages. 2. Cold dew. Cf. au. 3. To be 
alone, i.e.^ to feel cold because one is alone. 
Cf. anu. 

AUATI (auati)t to hope for ; to expect. 

AUAU A (aXuiUa), having many possessions. 

AUAUMAKU {auhumaku)y to be slightly moist; 
humid. See aumaku. 

AU E (aii^), an exclamation of surprise, as '* Oh ! " 
or of grief, as " Alas 1 " See auhe. 

AUHE (auh^), an exclamation, "Alas!" 2. To 
weep. See aue. 

AUHERE (auK^re)t an exclamation of surprise, as 
" Oh 1 " or of grief, as " Alas 1 " 

AUHO, provisions for a voyage. The victualling 
of a canoe or vessel. 

A U H U, prevented by timidity. Shame. 

AUKATAKATA, a crown or chaplet of material 
obtained from the pandanus tree. 2. A kind 
of ornament. Cf . au. 

A U KEN A, one of the four inhabited islands of 
Mangareva. Also called Akena. 

AUKORONOA (ahkorTmoa), obscurity; darkness. 
Dark night. 2. Weather threatening rain. 
Cloudy weather. 

AUKOUGA, a crown made of material procured 
from the coco-nut. 

AUMAKO {aumako), the name of a part of a fish 
adjoining the fins. 

AUMAKUjtobe humid; moist; damp. Humidity. 
See aomaku. Cf. maku. 

Auaumaku, slightly moist or humid. 

AUMANU {aumanu)t a skeleton. Meagre; lean; 

AUMARAGOIO (aumaraghto)^ a crown made from 
the feathers of the goto bird. 

AUMATAPEHAU (aumatapehau) ytrightful; dread- 

AUMATUA (aumajtua)i old; ancient. Cf. matua. 

AUMOTUAPUGA (aumotuapUga)^ a stay; sup- 
port ; protection. To protect ; to support ; 
take care of. 

AUNUI (aunui)^ to be sought in marriage by 
many ; to be greatly desired. 

AUG (auo)f a bundle; a burden. Loading; 

AUPAHI {aupahi)i unhappy. 2. An exclama- 
tion: " What bad luck 1 " 

AUPAUPA (aupaupa)i swelling; tumidity. 2. 
Putrefaction ; putrefying. 

AUPIKITAVAKE {aupikitavake) ^ a crown made of 
the plumes of the tropic-bird (Phaeton rubri- 
cauda). See auurumokoe. 

A UPC {aupo)y to be obscure; dark; sombre. Cf. 
poy aponeif &c. 

AURA {aura), to pinch once. 2. Exclamation: 
*' Oh, it burns I " Cf. ura. Auraura, to pinch 
many times in succession. 

AURAKI, to draw near; approach. Ku auraki 
teito te kaia, the man-eater drew near. 

AURIRI {auriri)j to strike against, said of waves 
beating on a canoe or vessel. Cf . riri. 

AURIURI, blue; dark blue; blue of the sky. 2. 
A dark shadow. 3. Black. 4. The colour of 
deep places in the sea. See uriuri. 

AURUPE, a throne; a place of honour. 

A UTA IMAGO A, low water; low tide. 

AUTOU {aut^u), to weep and lament for a long 

AUURUMOKOE, a crown made of the feathers of 
the frigate-bird. See aupikitavake. 

AYA, a channel or passage through which canoes 
or vessels may pass. 2. A canal. 

AYA, to be lost ; gone ; absent. To be no longer 
visible. 2. Not remembered; slipped from 
the memory. Cf. reoava. 

Avaga, absent. 

AY A AYA {avaava), smoking tobacco. A smoker. 
2. The name of a bird. 

AYAAYAAVA, one who delays or hinders much. 

AVAAVANOA {avaavanoa), to be often absent. 
2. To often disappear, said of waves falling 
and disappearing. 

AYAGARIRI {avagariri), a gale ; a tempest. 2. 
A gust of wind ; a squaU. , 

AVAIKI, a very deep place. 2. Hades. 3. 
Name of a place often mentioned in ancient 
songs of the natives. ) 

AYA ITER EUREU (Ava-i-te-reureu), Veftus when 
morning star. i 




AYAKE„the day after to-morrow ; the day before 

AYAKEATU, some time ; any time. 

AYAKEMAi, I will come (some time) after to- 

AYAKORE {avakhre)^ without any medium; 
without reason for actions. 2. One without 
issue; childless. 3. Without ingress or 
egress. 4. A robber. 

AYAMATE (avaniate)^ to be good; gentle; pitiful. 

AYARAGI {avaragi)j to be clean and beautiful. 
2. A fair skin ; a^ white skin. 

AYAROA, one who has altogether disappeared 
and been lost sight of. One who remains in 
a far-off place and is seen no more by his 

AYARUA {avarua)i a paved space. Plural ava- 
avarua (auaavarua), 

A YAT A, a box; case; trunk. A coffin. 

AY ATE A {avatea), noon. Afternoon. Of. tea» 
AY AY A {avava)t name of a portion of a reef. 
A YAYAQAUR I AQA, inconstant; fickle. 

AYE, a string made from plants, serving the 
purpose of thread or cords. 2. A tail, train, 
as the tail of a comet. 3. A sheet or rope 
attached to a sail. 

Aveave (aveave)^ progenitors of distant degree. 

2. Bread-fruit, the flesh of which is stringy. 

3. Tu-a-aveavCj well proportioned; tall and 

AY I, noise of the spouting out of water, or of 
blood when the lance enters a fish. 2. To put 
a spit into a fish easily, for cooking purposes. 

Avivi, the sound of water boiling ; the noise of 
water washing about the rudder. 

AYUHO, a vagabond; a reckless fellow; madcap. 
2. Mould; humus; dirt. 

L, the definite article "the." 2. The sign of 
the vocative case, as Ragimata el Bangi- 
mata! 3. A sign of assent: Yes; truly. 4. 
And (conj.) 5. From; by; on account of. 
6. An exclamation: "Here, take it !" 

EA (§a), where? Ko ea, where? Of. aka- 

EA, to take breath on coming up out of the sea. 
Cf. eJia. 2. To spring, to issue, said of a 
spring of water issuing from the ground. 
Vai euy spring- water. Plural eaea {euea). 

Akaea {aka-^a)^ to breathe; to respire. 2. To 
lie down ; to repose ; take rest. 

Akaeaea (akaeaea)j to breathe with difficulty; 
to labour in respiration. 2. To blow into ; to 
breathe ^ito. 3. To cause air to enter any- 
thing. 4. To expire one's breath with 

A kaearaga, respiration. 2. The action of lying 
down to rest. 3. The place where one reposes. 

EAEA (eaea)y marine substance on which young 
fish are nourished. 

EAGA, reprisal ; retaliation. 2. A victim. 

EAHA,whatisit? Which? Why? Ex. Eaha 
to koe tiagaf What is your project? Eaha 
nei 7 What does this mean ? Cf . kaha, 


EAI (eM)t a disdainful negative: *'No, I don't 
wish it." 

EAKAHUHE, to look for provisions; to seek for 

EAU, the name of a plant {Hibitcus tiliacetu), 
Cf . hau, 

EE, a saw. To saw. 

EGA, the name of a plant having a red berry 
and black seed. 2. A fine mat. 

EGA EGA, a parting; separation. A joint; 

EGAIGAI, to be with child ; pregnant. 
Aka-egaigai, to walk heavily, clumsily. 

EGO EGO, to be very dirty ; filthy. Dirt on one's 
clothes, &c. 

EGUE, the chrysalis of an insect. 

EGUIGUi, to hear the sound of a person's voice, 
but unable to distinguish the words. 

EH A, to take breath in coming up out of the sea. 
Cf. ea, 

EHE, to wander; to stray; to lose one's way. 

EH E, yes. 

EH I A, how many ? How many are there ? 

EH I AA, " what ? " " What do you vdsh ? " 

EH i EH I (lhilhi)y io hunt after with earnestness; 
to pursue with violence. 

EHOKI) an affirmative: "Yes, once naore." 

EHU, trouble. To trouble; to disturb. Cf. 
taiehu. 2. Ashes; dust. 

Ehuehu, disturbed water ; water stirred up. 

El, to demand. Ex. Ei kai : Give me food ; I 
wish for food. 

El A, behold 1 See here 1 * See there I Eia au e ! 
" Here I am I " 

EIAHE, same as EIA. 

EIANOTI (eia nbti), to be the same; self -same. 
" It is he himself." 

EIARORO, an exclamation of joy or of surprise. 

EIAU (eiau)^ great; far-stretching. It is also 
used of a large, strong man. 

El E (eie), behold 1 See here I 

El El (eiei)i a kind of fern. 

EIRA, to handle a canoe-sail quickly and smartly. 

EIYA, rest from heavy work. 

EKA, mouldiness ; mustiness. 




Ekakekake, waves of the sea going and coming 
on the beach. 

EKARAMEARIRIA, some frightful thing; a 
dreadful object. 

EKE, the octopus ; the squid. Cf. kaveeke and 

EKE, to embark. 2. To mount upon an eleva- 
tion. 3. To be vanquished. Plural ekeke. 

Ekeeke, reduced by boiling. Softened ; mel- 

Ekega, going up. An ascension; a rising. 

Aka-eke {aka-^ke)^ to place anything in a higher 
position. 2. To cause anyone to embark. 3. 
To give instruction ; to lecture. 4. To over- 
throw ; to vanquish. 5. A stone used as an 

\ amulet to procure good health. Plural aka- 
ekeeke (aka-^ke^ke). 

Aka-ekeeke, to render soft ; liquid. To mollify. 

Aka-ekega, instruction. 2. Distribution. 

EKEKE {ek^ke)y loud, strong, said of a fine strong 

EKEKURA (ekekura)f precious; beautiful. Gf. 
kura, atakurakura, 

EKETEA (ekel^a)^ a dressing or preparation to 
which papyrus cloth is submitted before dedi- 
cation to a divinity. 2. An expression used in 
ancient ceremonies used for the dead. 3. A 
staff ornamented with a little band of papyrus. 

EKI, to be afraid of someone; to be in fear. 2. 

EKI {Iki), to hold on by the fingers or toes. 2. 
To walk on tiptoe with being footsore. 3. To 
go hopping on one leg. Ekieki (Ikilki) plural 
of the action. Eeki (elki) plural of the sub- 

EKO, to weep; to wail upon the death of a 

EM EA, a thing; any thing. Such an one. Gf. 

EMEAMEANOA, a thing of small importance ; of 
little consequence ; no matter. 

EMEAOKI {e-m^a-hki), " That is not so bad." 

EM I EM I (^midmi), to shudder; to tremble from 
fear ; to shake with passion. 

EMO, to be forced away; to be kidnapped, 
carried off. 2. Separated; broken off; de- 
tached. Emoemo, plural of the action. Eemo, 
plural of the subject. • 

Emoraga, rupture ; separation ; detachment. 

EMOHO, an expression of disdain or mockery: 
" Idiot 1 " 

ENA, behold 1 See here I See there ! Ena koe^ 
"There you are I'* Ena koutouy ** There ye 
are 1 " — a mode of salutation. 

ENA, on the windward side. 

ENUA, land, said of shallow places in the sea. 
Gf. mamtienua, 2. The placenta or afterbirth. 

EN U EN U , flexible ; slack ; tender. 

ENUHE (enuJie)^ a caterpillar. 

EO (ed), to infect. To exhale a strong smell, as 
a rotten thing. 

EOi, reduced by boiling. Softened. 

EOKIA (eokut)^ certainly; without doubt. Gf. 

EPA, tribute. 

EPAHI, when; at the time when. 

E^OKAI, to wander about; to be a vagabond; 
rambler. Gf. pokai, 

EPOTI, soon ; ere long ; shortly. 

EPU, in clothes too big that embarrass the move- 
ment of the legs. 

EPU (Ipu) to seize with the two hands some- 
thing that tries to escape. 2. To seize sud- 
denly birds, fish, or other animals. Plural 
epuepu (dpudpu). 

ERAERARiMA, to make gestures while speaking- 

ERARA, to go round about, through fear or 

ERE, Behold 1 said in offering something to a 

ERE (^re), to walk ; to march. 2. To go. 
Ereere (itrelre) plural of the action ; eere 
{eere) plural of the subject. Erega, a walking. 

Ereere (h'eere) to go without ceasing. 

Akaere (aka-lre)^ to take eut for a walk ; to 
cause to walk. 2. To recite genealogies, to 
show descent. 3. To seek out the origin of 
anyone or anything. 

Akaerega (aka-lrhga)f a procession. 2. A 

ERE (<^re)y to hang up ; to suspend. 

Ereere (Ireere), to bind down ; to enthrall. 2. 
To tie with great care. 

Akaereere [aka^rehre), dear, dearest ; well- 
beloved; darling; sweetheart. 

EREA (erea)i the name of a small fish. 

EREAKURA {ere-a-kurajt a slow gentle walk. 
Gf. ere and kura. 

EREAVAVAE i^e-a-vavae), to be palsing ; tran- 
sient. Gf. ere and vavae, 

EREGA, turmeric. 

EREHI, the coco-nut palm. 

EREHU, the season answering to the (southern) 
month of May. 

EREONU (erebnu)j well ; in good health. 

|ERERO (erero), the tongue ; the organ of speech. 
< 2. Goral resembling branching shrubs. 

ERIQA, my friend; my dear; dear friend, said 
by superiors to inferiors. The plural is 
kouariga, my friends. 

ERIKIKURA (erikikura), a piece of cloth painted 
yellow used to cover the breast of a corpse. 
Gf . kura, 

tRIRI (eriri)f a kind of sea-snail. 

ERO, abortive ; an abortion. Also used for 
plants that do not thrive. 

EROA, " It is time that." 

ERtJ, to drive back; to throwback. To repel 
anyone or anything without touching with 
the hand. 2. To repel feebly. 





Erueru, the noise of thunder, or of the fall of a 
body. 2. To repel often without ; daring to 
touch with the hand. Erurururu (sounds 
saooeeding each other), plural of the action 
of verb ; eeruru, plural of the subject 

ERUE, a kind of plant. 

ERURE {erure)t ft term of endearment used as a 
call to one*B eldest daughter. 

ETAGA (etaga), to seek for ease and comfort. 
2. Pudendum muliebre. 

ETAGAKORENOA (etaga-libre-noa), to be without 
any comfort or ease. 

ETE, to be in fear ; to be afraid. Plural etete. 

Akaete (aka-ete)^ to be afraid. Aka-ltelte 
denoting longer action than (ikaete, 

ETEGEi, to make a noise, said of many people 
speaking or crying out at once. 

ETEREKI, to go, whether by land or sea; to 

ETI, to remove the points of ^andanus leaves ; 
to take out the bones of fish. 2. To tear with 
the teeth ; to separate by tearing ; to lacerate. 

EtIetJ (etilti)y to tear; to. rend. 2. To destroy 
goods, walls, houses, (&c. 

Etietiraga, torn, lacerated. The action of taking 
off the tips of pandanus leaves. 

ETOETO, calm, tranquil. 2. Flat, level. 

Akaeto (aka^to)^ a man set apart ; one leading 
a sequestered lonely life. 

Akaetoeto (aka-eto^to)^ calm. 2. Flat, monoto- 

ETOGAKE (etogake), a noise arising from wood 
being broken or being piled up. 

E-TOKO-NOTI-OKI-RA (e-tokh-nhti-bki-ra), at 
length ; after all. 

ETOKOTOKO, to dissent ; to disagree ; to be in 

ETU (etu), a star. Etunui, a planet ; Jupiter. 
Cf. etukokiri and etuvero, 

ETU, not to be able to sleep at night through 
expectation of seeing someone, or of some- 
thing occurring. 

ETU A (etua)t a deity, a divinity, a god. Cf. 

Etuaraga, a divinity. 

ETUA, to be wicked ; to be full of wickedness. 

ETUAVANAGA, a warrior commanding others ; 
a war-chief. Cf. vanaga, 

ETUKE, points; spines of the sea-hog or sea- 
porcupine. 2. The sea-porcupine. Cf. take, 

ETUKOKIRI, a shooting star. 2. Electric fire 
(St. Elmo*s lights), or marsh fires (as Will-o'- 
the-wisp). Cf. etu. 3. To stray from the 
right path. 

ETU RE, the name of a small fish. 

ETUVERO, a comet. Cf. etu, etukokiri, and vero, 

EUl, to ask ; to interrogate. Cf. ui. 

Aka-eui, to question ; to ask ; to ask for. 

Eulraga, a demand. 2. A question; an inter- 

EUTE, papyrus, of which is made the native 
cloth. It is indigenous. Cf. ute, 

EVA, to defend ; to protect. Takao era, secret. 
2. Frenzied ; delirous. Aeva, like a madman. 

Evaga, a defence ; a protection. 

EVA (ev^), hanging down stiffly, said of the 
arms ; stiff, said of a sick person. 

Evaeva, to hang ; to be hanging down ; sus- 
pended ; a tatter or shred which hangs down. 

Aka-evaeva, to hang up ; to tie so that the 
object is suspended. 

EVAIEA, an exclamation " Ton speak without 
thinking " ; ** Nonsense ! " 

G (= NG) 

uA (gh)f on the side of. 2. A bay, gulf. 

6 A (ga), to be hoarse. E reo ga, a rough voice. 

GAEATA (gaeata), the name of a tribe in Manga- 

GAEGAE [gaegae), to have a feeble voice ; a 
feeble voice. 

GAERE { the name of a sea-fish. 

GAGA {gaga)j a kind of bird, also called garhra. 
2. The name of a very small sea- fish. 

GAGA, a bruise on bread-fruit. 

6AGAHU (gaghhu), see gahugahu. 

GAGANA {gagana)f to be scattered ; distributed; 
to be propagated ; diffused. 

GAGA RE, see garegare. 

GAGARI (gagaH), little, small. 

GAGAU, pincers ; nippers (see gagahu and gahu- 
gahu). 2. To seize with the teeth. To bite 
eagerly or savagely. 3. Much (see gau). 

GAHA {gaha)f a skin disease, only affecting 

GAHA, a pain in the bowels caused by eating 
fruit alone. 

GAHAE (gahae)f tearing; torn. The noise as of 
tearing cloth. Plural gaJiaehae, Cf. hae. 

GAHAEHAEATOGA, a dreadful noise, as of loud 

GAHI (gahi), " pig's fat," said of a large fish. 

GAHIGAHI, fine, said of woven stuff or of pan- 
danus leaves used in making mats. 

GAHIRI, to climb; to clamber up. When used 
to denote the action of insects it signifies to 
insinuate, to creep up upon. Gahirihiri {gahl- 
rihlri) plural of the action ; gagahirl {gagahlri) 
plural of the subject. 

GAHOA, a bird resembling an eagle, which is 
said to carry off human beings. 

GAHOA (gaKna)y notched, as a blade. 2. Said of 
' very good water. 




GAHORO {gah()ro)y the name of a small insect. 

QAHUGAHU {gahugahu), to bite. 2. To mince 
one's words ; to be affected in speech. 3. To 
have a sense of discomfort about the abdomen 
and particularly in the parts about the navel. 

Gagahu (gagahu)^ to bite ; to seize with the 
teeth. 2. To feel sharp pains in the interior 
of the body. 3. To clinch the teeth. 4. 
Pincers ; nippers. See gau, 

Gahuga (gahuga), a biting ; the action of biting. 
2. A small quantity of food. 3. A mouthful. 
See gatLga, 

Q A IG A I, embarrassed ; awkward. 2. Fine; soft 
to the touch. 3. Dusty ; powdery. 

GAIO, fatigued; tired. 

Gaioio (gaio'ki)^ a feeble flame; dimly lighted. 
A small fire. 2. Phosphorus of the shining 
multipedes in the sea ; the multipedes them- 
selves. 3. Sparkling; phosphorescent. 

GAIRO (gairo)^ a worm which lives in timber and 
pierces it with holes. See iro. 

GAITIKAU, the name of a place at Taravai. 

GAKE (gake), the part of an island extending 
towards the east. 2. The name of a tribe in 

QAKI (galti)^ to force ; to employ all one's power. 

GAKO (gako)y a thread ; a filament of coco fibre; 
the threads in a tissue. 

Gakogako {gakogako)^ full of filaments ; filaments 
not to be detached from the stem of the 
plant. 2. Veins in the arms. 3. Veins 
marked in white red or black on fruit, or on 
food, or in stones. 

GAKO (ga-ko), this way ; that way. 

GAKU {gaku)j to give signs of life ; to recover in 
great pain. 

Gakugaku {gakugaku)^ to be in agony. 2. To 
yield the last breath ; the dying sigh. 3. To 
respire quickly but feebly in the last moments 
of life. 

GANAGANA (ganagana)^ to be resolute; deter- 

GANOA, the name of a tribe in Mangareva. 

GAO (gao), grooves or carving on the ikcy the 
instrument for beating tapa out of papyrus. 
2. A sign ; a mark. 3. The wrong side of a 
piece of cloth, or of a seam. 

Gaogao, small waves of the sea. 2. A bed of 
compressed leaves. 

GAO A (gaba)y the name of a small insect which 
flies about flowers. 

GAOA, head-ache. 2. Sweetness ; a pleasant 
taste. 3. A notch ; a gap. 

GAORO (gabfo), a kiud of insect. 2. To walk in 
a bent position ; bowed. 3. To wallow ; to 
spread oneself out. 4. To draw ; to drag 
along ; to trail. 

GAOROTUAPAPA, the name of an insect. 

GAR A (gara)y to be preoccupied ; to fancy ; to 
picture ; to imagine. 2. To be unquiet ; 
restless ; inquietude. 

Garagara (garagara)^ continued restlessness. 

GARAHU, soot ; black 'particles in smoke. 2. 

Garahurahu, small pieces of charcoal. 

GARAHU-AHI,soot. Ci. ahi, 

GARAURAUAYA, to imagine ; to fancy ; to figure 
to oneself vividly. 

GARARO, below ; low down. See raro, 

GAREA, a conch shell. 

GAREGARE (gareghre), yellow. 2. Red tinted 
with yellow. 3. Pleasant to the sight ; of a 
beautiful red colour. 4. To become red. Of. 

Gagare, pleasing to the eye ; of a pleasant red- 
dish tint. 

GAREUREU, to Uve; to dwell. 

GARIGARI, to feel dull pains in the arms and 
legs after having partaken of bad fish, or after 
having exercised the arms or legs greatly at 
unaccustomed work. 

GARIGARIA-E-TE-KIORE, to be bitten or de- 
voured by rats. 

GAR I PI, fruit of the koeriki arrived at perfect 
' maturity. 

GARIPIRIPI (garrpiripi), severe headache pro- 
ceeding from sunstroke. 

GARO (garo), to disappear ; diminished ; disap- 
peared ; lost. Plural garogaro (garogaro). 
2. Perhaps. 

GARO-ATU, to disappear by going away. 

GA RO-ATU -A R A, formerly ; in former times; of 

GARO- 10, to remain absent in a certain known 

GARORA (garora), the name of a bird, also called 
gaga. 2. To run very quickly. 

GARORORORO (garorororo), to be fairly good ; 
passable. ' 2. To be sweet and soft to the 

GARU, foam; froth. 2. A bubble of water; a 

Garugaru, foam. 

GARU A, to be very penurious and stingy except 
to oneself. 2. Egotistical ; unmindful of 
others. 3. Unpitying ; relentless. 4. Diffi- 
cult to manage ; of uncertain temper. 5. 
Bad ; wicked ; cruel. 

GARUE, to have a pain in the bosom, said of 
women nursing chHdren at the breast. ' 

GARURU (garUru), nauseousness that lasts a 
long time. 2. Sweet or pleasant to the taste 
in small quantities but becoming unplea- 
sant in excess. 

Garurururu (garUrururu)^ extremely nauseous. 

GARUTAI, sea-foam ; a bubble of sea- water. 
See garu and tai. 

GATA, that which seems good and right; in 
good health. Ex. matagatay an eye that looks 
healthy and clear. 

Aka-gata, to appear healthy externally, but to 
have pain inwardly. 

GATAE, the name of a large tree having thorns 
and red flowers. 




GATAHA, the name of a tribe in Mangareva. 

QATATA (gathta)j affluence ; abundance ; a 
crowd. 2. To move ; to stir, said of a great 
multitude of creatures, as of insects. 3. To 
move without order; pell-mell; agitated in 
parts, as a crowd stirs and flows. 4. That 
which sprouts or shoots with vigour and regu- 
larity, said of trees and plants. Gatatatata 
{gatatathta), plural of the action ; gagatata 
{gagathta)t plural of the subject. 

Qatatata, or Gatatatata, to creep up upon or 
run about on, as parasites creeping upon the 

GATAYAKE, the name of a bay and a tribe in 

GATIGATI {gatigatijt to gather coco-nuts every 
day, so that none that are ripe are left on the 

GATIHINA, the name of a bay and of a tribe in 

QATORO {gatf)ro)y to itch; itching. 2. To creep; 
to crawl on hands and feet ; to creep, as 
insects on the skin. Cf. totoro, toromiki. 
Gatorotoro {gatTn-otbro'jy plural of the action; 
gagatoro (gagatbro), plural of the subject. 

GATU (ghtu)i to work industriously at tilling the 
soil. Gatugatu (ghtugatu), plural of the action ; 
gagatu {gaghtu)j plural of the subject. 2. To 
be dispersed, scattered. 

Gatugatu (gatugatu), said of the trouble one 
has in rowing or poUng a raft forward. Gatu 
i to te kirikiri me aka-ruku ikatu, to be dis- 
persed on the sandbanks or reefs to drive the 
ikatu fish to its hiding-places among the 

QAU, to strain and strive to arrive first. To be 
the first. Plural gaugau. 

Qagau, to bite with avidity ; to seize with the 
teeth. See gahugahu, 2. Pincers; nippers. 
3. Many; much. 

Gauga, a mouthful. See gahuga, 

GAUE, to succeed in the attempt to lift or carry 
a package. 

GAUTA, to go to the side of the mountain; 

GAUTU, the name of a tribe on Taravai and 

GAVARI {gavhn), flexible ; pliant. 2. Without 
spot or stain. 

Gavarivari, flexible; pliant (but only used of 
long pieces of wood or poles). 

Aka-gavari (aka-gavari), to make to bend; to 
bow. To be flexible, limber, said of men, 
trees, &o. Plural aka-gavari vari (aka-gavhri- 

GEEGEE, to make a rustling noise in walking 
over leaves. See geheyehe. 

GEGIE, the name of a shrub found on the low- 
lying lands. 

GEHE ig^he), to crackle; to rustle. To make a 
noise like dry leaves when they are walked 

Gehegehe [ghheg^he), denoting more long-con- 
tinued action than gehe. See geegee, 

Akagehegehe (aka-g^heglhe), to make a rustling 
noise, as of one passing over dry leaves, 
straw, (&c. 

GENEGENE (g^negene), a man of short stature, 
but thickset and fat. 

GEPUGEPU (gepugepu), soft; mellow. 2. Weak; 
feeble; lazy. 3. Powdery. 

GERE (glre), a heavy confused sound, as of a 
peal of thunder. Cf. pugere. 

Geregere (glreglre), a heavy long-continued 
sound, as of a sustained rumbling peal of 
thunder. The sound of heavy surf. 2. A 
melodious chant. Reogeregere, a fine voice. 

Gerehaga {gerehhga), the name of a fish that 
makes a noise when caught in the net. 

GEREPU (gerlpu), to be indisposed ; to be ill. 

Akagerepu (aA;a-^erg|)ti), to progress slowly, said 
of a sick person. 2. To have a lingering ill- 

GERUE {gerue)y a slight noise; a rustling; a 
whistling ; a whispering. 

Akagerue {aka-gerue), to shake; to jolt; to 
agitate. Aka-geruerue (aka-geruerue), plural 
of the action; aka-gegerue (aka-gegeruejt 
plural of the subject. 

GERUE {geruejf to go away or set out at the same 
time. 2. To go each his own way. Geruerue 
(geruerue), plural of the action; gegerue 
(gegerue), plural of the subject. 

GIE {gl^)y small leaves of the lesser variety of 
pandanus, used in making fine mats. 

Giegie (glegle), a light gentle wind ; a zephyr. 

2. A slight agitation of the sea ; tiny wavelets. 

GIHOHO (gih7)ho)y the space between the joints 
on a sugar-cane ; the distance from one knot 
to another. 

GIO (/7I0), to put out; to extinguish. To be 
extinguished, as a flame. GiogiOj the plural 
of the action ; gigio (giglo), plural of subject. 

Akagio {aka-g\o)y to extinguish a fire. Also 
aka-kio, aka-mie, aka-hio. Aka^iogio {aka- 
g\ogio), plural of action ; aka-gigio (aka'gig\o), 
plural of subject. 

GOA (g^a), dry; dried up. Dead for a long 
time, said of plants. Bipe, as applied to 
coco-nuts. Also applied figuratively to men : 
withered, good for nothing. Goagoa more 
intense than goa. 

GOGO (g^go), the noise made in breathing when 
the nose or bronchial tubes are choked with 
phlegm. Cf. gogoiu. 2. To be a long time 
eating. 3. A conical hole. 4. Thin cheeks. 
5. Sunken eyes. 

Gogogogo, a conical hole. 2. Hollow cheeks. 

3. Sunken eyes. 

Aka-gogogogo, to widen a hole at the bottom in 
proportion to its depth. 

GOGOIU, to snore. To breathe through the 
nose only. Cf. gogo, goroiu, i/tu, yoto, and 

GOGORO {goghro)y a holiday ; a feast. To make 
a festival. 2. An affair; a matter. 3. A 
project ; a design. 




GO 10, the name of a black sea-bird. 2. A great 
snoring or rumbling. Of. gogoy gogoiu, &c. 
3. To whistle. 4. To breathe through the 
nose. Qoioio, plural of the action. 

QOREQORE, to flatter; to cajole. 2. A calm 
sea. 3. Low water. 4. An old person who 
hesitates in speaking, who does not know how 
to answer when questioned. Cf. taigoregore. 

QORO {g^o)y to snore. 2. To rattle; a sound of 
rattling. Cf. togoro. 3. The death-rattle in 
the throat of a dying person. 

Gopogoro (ghrogbro)y to snore often. See gogo, 
goto, &o. 

GOROIU, the same as gTrro. See gogoiu. 

GORUGORU (gTrrug'hru), said of a child large for 
its years and of whom the flesh is soft and 
without firmness. See gougou. 

GOUGOU (ghugdu), large and fat, said of a child. 
Cf . gorugoru. 

GUE {gue)j a chrysalis ; a grub. 

Guegue (guegue)^ small and fat, said of people. 

GUGU {gugu)y to have. the gout, or a similar 
disease which affects the feet. Cf. aragugu. 

GUHA (guha), a deep voice with bad articulation. 
Cf. hagu. 

Quhaguha, the voice of an old person. 

GUNAGUNA, a noise in the gullet. 2. To speak 
thickly; to talk in the throat. 3. One who 
talks to himself. 

GURUGURU {gurughru), to murmur; to mutter; 
to talk through the teeth indistinctly. 2. To 
growl, said of animals. 

Guguru, a sound coming from a distance. 2. 
low sound uttered as a sign of approval, or as 
a token that the speaker is understood. Cf. 
hagu and goro. 

GUTU (gutu), the chin. 2. A boaster; a liar. 
3. A talkative person. 4. The mouth of a 
fish. Cf. atagutu and koghtu. 5. To spread 
abroad; to disseminate.* 6. To report what 
one knows about some one else. 

Akagutu [aka-gutu), a kind of grimace made 
when a person is about to weep. See guturoa. 

GUTU (Gutu !}, an exclamation of admiration. 

GUTUKOHE, bad bread-fruit. 

GUTUKURi, the name of a fish. 

GUTURA, the name of a fish. 

GUTUROA. to make a grimace. To weep. See 
gutu ana aka-gutu. 


Ha (ha), four. 

HA, prohibited; set aside; sacred. Ex. E ha 
akariki, e ha tahura, e ha tupapaku } Are the 
bread-fruits made tapu on the lands of the 
king, of priests, or of deceased persons ? 

HAAPAO, to watch; to be one one's guard. 

HAAU, to fasten ; to make fast. 

HAE {hae), to tear; to rend. Cf. parehahae. 
2. To bark ; to strip. 3. To exceed ; to sur- 
pass. Unequal; out of unison. 4. Longer 
on one side than the other, said of a garment. 
5. To shock ; to strike against. Plural haehae. 
Plural of the subject, hahae (hahhe). Cf. 
gaha^, hahai, and aae. 

Haehae (haehae), to tear cloth or tissue. 2. 
To strip off bark. 

Akahaehae (a AMz-MeM^), bustle; confusion. 2. 
To attempt ; to try. 3. To tempt ; to offer a 

HAG A {haga)y work; labour. To work. Plural 
hagahaga (hagahaga). 

HAGA (haga), the name of a fish. 2. A wicker 
basket m the form of a cask, used for catching 
fish. Cf. mohani. 3. A measure of six feet 
in length. Plural hagahaga (Jmgahaga). 

HAGO (hago), the hole of a snake or eel in the 

HAGU, to murmur. Cf. guha and guguru. 
Plural hagu hagu (haguhagu). 

Haguna (haguna), the noise of the sea on the 
reef or islets in calm weather. 

HAH A (hhha), the mouth. Cf. pahaha, reohaha, 
2. An exclamation of admiration : Haha ! 

HAH A, to seek for one's father, mother, or 
children in any place that is not their proper 
home. (Not used in any other sense.) 

HAHAHA ihahaha), an exclamation of surprise. 

HAHAHAHA, an exclamation of correction. 

HAHAI, to dispute; to quarrel. Cf. hae and 

HAHAKI, to detach a fruit from the branch. 2. 
To gather fruit with the hand. Plural 
hakihaki (hakihUki), 

HAH AN A (^a/i^na), warmth ; heat. To make a 
thing hot. 2. To ask for food persistently 
and often. Cf . mahana. 

Akahana (aka-hiitna), to put a thing back in the 
oven to be cooked ; to cook a second time to 
save the food from turning putrid. 2. To 
cook again a thing badly cooked at first. 

HAHARO (haharo), to polish; to rub. 2. To 
make pandanus leaves supple and pliant for 
weaving mats. Plural haroharo (harohHro). 

HAHARUA (haharua), the name of a fish. 

HAH AVE (hahave), a kind of crayfish. 

HAH I (hahi), a packet or bundle of fish enveloped 
in leaves. To wrap up in leaves. Hahihi, 
plural of the subject. 

HAHIPU {hahi'pu), a bundle of kneaded food. 

HAHU (hahu), to bite the fruit of the pandanus 
(said of that fruit only). 

HAI (hai), the name of a fish. 




HAI, to take into consideration ; to estimate. 
To measure. Ex. Na te hai atu hi te etua ; 
In the estimation of the god. 

Haiga, the action of estimating or judging. 
E haiga^ it often is. 

Hai hai, to measure. Haihaiga, a measure. 

HAI HA I, the evening. 2. An omen; augury. 
3. Correction ; chastisement. Cf. hiahai. 

HAKAEMA, a recital. To recite. 

HAKAEMANA, to skip with a rope. See hake- 

HAKAPUHENUA, to provision; to victual a 

HAKAPUKANEKAI, to add to the store of food. 

HAKAUHE, to go and search about for food. 

HAKEMANA, to skip with a cord. See hakae- 

HAM AH AM Al, to move; to stir; to shake (said 
only of inanimate things). 

HAM I, a girdle with which men cover the private 

HAMU (hcimu)y to eat scraps or leavings. Hamu- 
hamu (haniuhamu)t plural of the action ; 
hahamu (hahamu)^ plural of the subject. 

HAN A, perhaps ; perchance. 

HAN A (as heat). See hahana. 

HANAU (hanau)f to be born; brought into the 

Hanauga (hanauga)^ birth. 2. Children ; 
family. 3. Nephews; nieces. 

Hanauraga, birth ; the action of being born. 

Akahanau (aka-hanau)y to deliver a woman in 
childbirth ; parturition. Plural aka-hanaunau 
(aka- Jidnaunau) . 

HANAU-RUA, twins. See hanau and rua. 

HANAUTAMA, place to which women retire to 
sleep or in the time of their monthly courses. 

HANAUVERO, to have a miscarriage. 

HAO, to enclose; to surround. 2. To throw 
oneself on ; to fall upon. 

Hahao (hahao), to envelope; to encase; to put 
a thing into a box or sack. 

Akahao (akahao)^ to cause to slope or lean 

HAOHAO (haohao)y to spill; to pour out. To 
pour from one vessel into another, as in 
decanting liquids. 

HAPU, to break to pieces in falling. Plural 

HAPU {hapu)f to throw out water from the 
mouth, said of the squid or octopus. Plural 
hapuhapu (hapuhapu). 

HARA (hard), a bunch of pandanus fruit. 2. 
Old pandanus. Cf . ara, puhara. 

HARA (hara)^ a fault; a mistake ; an error. Cf. 
haramaroy pahara. 2. A dispute; a quarrel. 
3. Undisciplined. 

HARA, to be awake; wakened. Cf. ara and 

HARAKINA, to crackle, said of a fire. 2. To 
clap; to crack; to make a noise. Plural 

HARAMARO, that which does not reach the 
mark, which does not fulfil its purpose. To 
miss one's aim. See hara^ a fault. 

HARE (/fare), a house ; a dwelling. Cf. areumUy 
haremanu, &c. 

Akahare (aka-hare)y to make a house for one- 
self. Plural aka-harehare (aka-harehare), 

HAREIOIO, a house of thickly-placed leaves. 

HAREMANU (Jiaremanu)^ a cage; a pen. Cf. 
hare and manu. 

HAREPOATU (hare-poatu)t& house built of stones. 
Cf . poatu. 

HAREPURE (hare-pure) y a temple; a place of 
worship. Cf . pure, 

HARERARAGA (hare-raraga)^ a temple orna- 
mented with garlands, &c. 

HAREROUHARA (hare-rouhara), a house of 
pandanus leaves. See hara. 

HARETAGATA (hare-tagata)^ a house 'in which 
the leaves of which it is made are not thickly 


HARETOKA (hare-toka), a house of lime and 
wicker-work. Wattle-and-dab. 

HARETUPOURI (hare-tupoUri), a place of con- 
finement ; a prison. 

HAREV ARA VARA, a house in which the reeds 
are not very close set. 

HARI, the god presiding over fishes. 

HARI, to convey heavy goods. 

HARO (haro)y to sigh deeply, on account of 

Haroharo (haroharo), to heave frequent sighs. 

HATAHATA (hatahata)^ to be large; broad; 
wide; spacious. Cf. pohatahata. 2. To be 
at one's ease. 3. To be far off. 4. To be 
of far off degree, as of distant ancestry. Cf. 
ataj koata^ kohata^ kouhata, puata^ puhata. 

HAT I (hati)y to break a piece of wood; to break 
down. Ct. rahati &nd reohati. Plural hat i hat i 

Hahati (hahati), to break a piece of wood; to 
break off a branch. 

Hahati raga (hahatiraga)^ the place in which a 
thing is broken. 

Hatiga (haVkga)^ breakings; breakers; the surf 
on a reef. 2. The joints of the limbs. 3. 
The corner of a house. 4. The collection of 
tribute or taxes. 

Hatihatiga, the joint or articulation of a limb. 

HATIPUA (hatipua)y the breaking of a wave. See 
hati and pua. 

HATUHATU (hatuhatu)^ to fold with care; to 
put into many pleats or folds. See atu. Cf . 

Hahatu (hahatu)^ to fold in one or two thick- 

HAU (hau) J the name of a tree of which the bark 
is used for making cordage. Cf . eau^ kirihau. 
2. Gall. Cf. au and eahu, 3. Bespeot. Cf. 




kouhau, 4. Fear. 5. Dew. Cf. aka-haumaku, 
6. To blow, as wind ; to breathe. 7. Noisy, 
blusterous, said of the wind only. 

Hahau (/taMu), to speak gently and to the 

purpose. 2. To tie, to join two things 

together with cords which interlace. Plural 
hauhau (hhuhHu). 

HAU, to build ; to erect. 

HAUMATAPEAU, a very large wave. 

HAUNANATAHAQA, not to know what to do. 

HE (^), the name of an insect, a kind of locust, 
that devours the leaves of the coco-nut palm. 

HE (h^)t yes. He, hoki, "yes, certainly." 

HE (h^), to rave; to talk folly; to be delirious 
(said of sick people). Cf. hee. 

Hehe (hthe), to wander in speech ; to be 
delirious ; crazy. Cf . hehe. 

HE A, where? Cf. ea and kohea, 

HEE, to wander ; to have lost one's way. 2. To 
be beside oneself ; to be wandering in mind. 
Cf. /td, heke, and hehe, 

H EGA (h^ga), the name of a tree. 2. The creases 
or wrinkles on a new-born child. 

HEQAQA, a piece of wood placed along the walls 
of the house for the rafters to rest on. 

H EGA H EGA (h^gahlga), flesh left at the side of 
the head of a fish when it is out up. 

HEGUIGUI, to whisper; to speak low. 
Heguiguiga, whisperings. 

HEHE, to lose one's way; to wander. See /le, 
hj^he, and het, 2. A skin disease. 

HEHE (^/i€), a saw. To saw. Plural hehehehe 
(KthehJthe), 2. See under /i^. 

H EH E-PU, fever. 2. Sweat caused by sickness. 
Cf. heke-puhu, 

H EH ERA (heh^ra), to be bold; not to be shy or 
ashamed in public. 

HEHERURUjtovibrate; tremble. 2. Thedetona- 
tion of thunder or of a cannon ; the noise of 
a falling rock. See ruru and heruru. 

HEIHEI, to chase; to drive away; to exile. 

HEKE (heke), the octopus, poulpe. 

HEKE (hJ^ke), to fall down; to fall to pieces.. 2. 
To press down; to bear down; to weaken. 
Cf. heketoto and fiekepuhu. 

Hekega (hek^ga), a defeat ; a lost battle. 

Akaheke (aka-h^ke), to demolish; to cause to 
fall in pieces. 2. To beat down fruit or to 
cause it to fail down. Aka-hekeheke (aka- 
h^keh^ke)y plural of the action; aka-heheke 
(aka-heheke), plural of the subject. 

Akahekeheke (aka-h^keheke), to cause to boil. 
2. To confer ; to answer questions mutually. 

H EKEPU H U, flowing sweat ; profuse perspiration. 
Cf. hehepu. 

HEKEPUROA (h^kepuroa), the name of a fish. 

HEKETOTO (heketoto), flowing blood. Cf. toto, 
heke^hu. . 


HE KG, to weep; to sigh and groan; to make 
lamentations. Ex. E heko ana, e utuutu 
porotu, a e tagi kuhane, e heko ana; He weeps, 
making melodious lamentations ; as a kuhane 
bird sings, he weeps. 

HEM A, the left ; the left hand. 

HERAHERA {h^rah^ra), gesticulation ; waving of 
the hands. 

HERE {h^re), an exclamation: *'Look herel" 
*' Catch hold!" 2. As a term of affection. 
Cf. aka-ereere. 

HEREAGAERERE, having a numerous family. 

HERO (h^ro), to grow rancid, used of cooo-nut. 
Plural herohero (hh-oh^ro), 

HERU (h^ru), to push away with the hands or 
feet. Heruheru (h^ruhiru), plural of the 
action ; heheru {heh^ru), plural of the subject. 

HERURU, detonation ; vibration. See heheruru. 

HEU (hhi)j little hairs on the body. 2. Shaggy; 
hairy. Cf. taheu, 

HEU HEU (h^uhhi), to sketch out; to draught; 
to plan before commencing. 2. To roughly 
hew out a design. 

HEVA (heva), to be mad; furious. 

Hevaheva (h^vah^va), to walk with boldness and 
pride; arrogantly. 

HI, to fish with a line. Ao ite ika hi; to go 
fishing. Cf. hipo, 

HI A, see ehia and tokohia, 

HIA (or ia), as a sufiix, the mark of the passive 

HIGA, see aka-higa. 

HIHAHIHA (hlhahiha), dark brown, nearly black. 

HIHI, to be without a guardian or support ; an 

HIHI (hihi), to confuse; to be confused; per- 
plexed. Cf. pehehihi, tahihi and ihi-iiL 2. 
To lose the thread of one's thoughts. 

Akahihl (aka-hlhi), to confuse ; to tangle ; to 
entangle cords, threads, &c., in confusion. 
Aka-hihihihi (aka-h\hih\hi), plural of the 

HIHIHIHI {hlhih^hi), to take from the skin a 
scab caused by disease. 

HIHIKA (hihtka), ripe, said of all fruit except 

HIHIKO (hthiko), the end of the evening twi- 

HIHIKOTARA (hlhlkotara), the name of a fish. 

HIHIPOHE (hmpbhe), the pilot fish of the 

HIHITINANA (hlhUinana), tendons; veins; 

HIHIVAI (hlhivai), a kind of crayfish. 2. A 
species of murana, or eel. 

HIKA, to obtain fire by the friction of one piece 
of wood against another. 

HIKI (/tUi), to hold an infant in the arms or on 
the knees. 

Hikihiki Uiikihlki), as hlki, but with longer 
Bustainea action. 




Aka-hiki, to hold an infant in the arms or on 
the lap. 2. To carry a baby about to amuse 
it. Aka-k^kMkif the same action longer 

HIKI (h\ki)f to commence or finish making mats. 

HINA (h^na)t white or grey hair; to l^ecome 
grizzled ; to have grey or white hair. Cf. 
mahinaf aka-hinahina, 

Hinahina {hiTiahina)^ to have a great quantity 
of grey hair. 

MINI {h\ni)t to recite; to read. Cf. ini, 

HINITAKAO, to recite. 

HINU {Mnu)i grease ; oil. 

Hinuhinu (hlnuhlnu), grease for the hair; to 
have the hair greasy. 

H IPO, to fish with a line. Cf. hi, 
HIRA (hlra)f frank and hardy. 
Hir^hira {hXrahlra)^ very bold and hardy. 

HIRI (hlri)y to weave; to plait. 2. To joke; to 
jest. Hirihiri (h\rihlri)f plural of the action ; 
hihiri {hihiri) plural of the subject. 

Hiriga, the action of hiri, 

HI RIGA (hiriga)^ a gulf ; an abyss. 

HIRIHIRI {hlnhiH) to fish for turtle. 

HIRO, to make thread by rolling filaments on the 
thighs, native fashion. Cf. koumiro. 

HIROHIRO (hirohlro), the colic. 2. A move- 
ment of the body and clicking of the tongue 
to express disapproval or fear. Plural hi hire 

HIT A (h\ta)t movement of the limbs caused by 
the colic. 

HITAHITAORA (Mtahlta-orajt to be convalescent; 
recovered from illness. See ora. 

HIT I (^Ui), to think on; to remember. 2. To 
arrive at the top of a mountain. 3. To hop ; 
to skip ; said of fleas. Cf . kohitikura^ takaiti 
and itu 4. To change the subject or alter 
one's mode of speech suddenly. Cf. mehiti, 
5. To appear, to rise, said of stars. Hitihiti. 
plural of the action (stars excepted) ; hjhiti 
(h\h\ti)y plural of the subject (stars excepted). 
Cf . mahitihiti, 

Hitihiti (hUihlti)^ eyes that are brilliant and 
sparkling ; either naturally or through anger. 

Akahiti (aka-hiti)^ to give birth to thoughts. 
2. To recall to mind certain things ; to 
remember. '6. To conceive in the mind ; to 
plan; to design. Akahitihiti {aka-hUihiti), 
plural of the action. 

Akahihiti {aka-hihiti)^ bread-fruit that has 
commenced to ripen. 

Akahitihiti (aka-MtihUi)^ arrived at maturity, 
said of the coco-nut only. 

HITIKE {hitike)i to be surprised ; wonder-struck. 
To jump or make a movement of surprise. 
2. To admire. Cf. hiti. 

Akahitike (aka-Mtike) to cause surprise in any- 
one. Aka-hitihitike (aka-hltihUike), plural of 
the action (to frequently cause surprise). 

HIU {hiu)t to give way; to submit; to obey 
remonstrance. To amend one's conduct; to 
be reformed. Hihiu (hiKiu)y plural of the sub- 

HIVA (hiva), a stranger in the country. 2. 
One without relatives. 3. The name of a 
superior kind of bread-fruit. 4. Small pim- 
ples thickly appearing on the face. 5. The 
itch; scab. 

HIVAHIVA (hivahiva), stern; unsmiling; said 
of the eyes. 

HO (hb), to startle the fish. 2. To squeeze a 
sore place, a wound ; to press the deformed 
feet of a new-bom child to straighten them. 

HO A, a friend. Cf. tautauhoa, 

Akahoa (aka-hbajt to make a friend of anyone. 

Akahoahoa (aka-hoahoa), to make friends. 2. 
To hang up ; to suspend anything by a cord. 

HOA (in the sense of ** to beat." See tahoa,) 

HOAQA, a fine volcanic stone used as a hone or 
sharpener ; a grindstone. 

HOE (hde) a paddle. Cf. raparapahoe. To 
paddle ; to row. 2. To swim. 3. To till the 

HOEHOE (hbeKbe)t the peak of a mountain. 
Vaihdehbet precipitous. 

HOQOHOQO, a bad smell ; a stench. 

HOQOHOQO {}idgoKbgo)f to smell a bad odour 
now and then. 

HOHA {hbhajy famine; scarcity. 

HOHO, to polish ; to dress the surface of a thing* 
Plural hohohoho. 

Hohohoho, soft and smooth to the touch. 

Aka-hoho, to lick. 2. To kiss. 

HOHO {hoho)y to make known; to proclaim. * 

HOHOQI, to share a little food among all those 

HOHOGO (hohbgo)y appetite; to have an appetite. 

HOHONU (hohimu), high tide. 2. The deep sea. 

HOHORA (hohbra)y to spread out clothes as a 
carpet or in a heap on the ground. Cf. 
mohora. 2. To cover up a hole in the ground 
when used as a receptacle for food. Cf. 
tafuyra, 3. To fill a hole with earth. Plural 
horahora (hbrahbra), 

HOHORE {hohbre), the name of a fish. 2. To 
rough-hew. Cf. kahore^ pahorct mohore. 

HOHOU (hohbu). See him. 

HOI, to be lean ; miserable. To grow as a shoot 
(on a plant) that does not increase to full size. 
2. To walk behind another. 

HOI (hbi)t the name of a running plant having 
tuoers like a potato. 

HOKEHOKE (hbkehdke), the name of a fish. 

HOKI (hbki)y also ; likewise. Perahoki^ the 
same as ; like. 2. To retrace one's steps ; to 

HOMAHOMA (hbmahbma), to offer first-fruits to 
a deity. 

HOMEHOME {hinnehbme)^ the name of a fish. 



HONO (hdno)^ to join or fit pieces of wood l/HOU (/i^u), a drill; a wimble; a borer; a gimlet; 

together; to fit surfaces of stones together; 
to pave. 2. To piece out a substance with 
another piece of the same material. Plural 

Honoga (kondga)^ adjustment, said of the stitch- 
ing of mats. 

HONU, the turtle. 

HOO (hdo)y the head. 

HOORO, anything which passes rapidly along. 
Cf . horOi parahoroy and ohoro, 

HOPU (see ohopu), 

HORA (Kbra)y a sickness that affects people, 
making them go and come without apparent 
reason. 2. To be drowned ; to drown oneself. 

MORE (in the sense of *'to skin"). See kahore 
and hohore. 

HOREHORE (hdrehdre), the name of small fish. 
Cf. hohore, 

HORIPOQI, to celebrate the ceremony named 
pogi. See pogi, 

HORO (as " quickness " — see kihoro, hooro, ohoroy 
and oTo), 

HORO (h!bro)y to swallow ; to swallow down. Cf. 
koromi, 2. To crumble down ; to fall as 
earth ; to sHp as a landslip. Cf. bro. 3. To 
rain. Horohoro {hbrohbro), plural of the 
action; Hohoro (hohdro)^ plural of the sub- 

Akahoro (aka-htyro)^ to swallow. Cf. horopu. 
, 2. To search ; to seek for with assidui,ty. 

Akahorohoro, to search gropingly for something 
that cannot be seen. 

HOROI (hdroijy a towel ; a handkerchief. Cf. 

Horohoroi {hbrohordi)^ to wash the feet or 
hands. Cf. aka-horohoroirimaj to pour water 
on the hands to wash them. 

HOROKAUTOMATA, an offering ; a sacrifice. 

HOROPU (horopu), to swallow at a gulp; to bolt 
food. Cf. f&ro. 

HORU (Kbru), a derangement of the stomach ; 

Horuhoru, conflict; jarring; to be confused; 
agitated. Moana horuhoru, a tossing sea. 

Akahoruhoru (aka-KbruKdru), to be in great 

HOTA {hbta)t a coral reef under water. 2. To be 
pressed upon ; squeezed into. 3. Coarse ; 
rough. Ht>tah^ta, denotes stronger action 
than hbta, Hohota (hoKbta) plural of the 

HOTO (hbto), a fish-bone used as a lance-point. 
Cf. aka-moe hoto. 2. The knob or ball formed 
in a coco-nut. 8. Small masts fitted on top 
of the ordinary masts. 

Hotohoto (Kbtohbto), said of young cocos which 
appear large from the abundance of covering 
fibre but are small of themselves. 2. A rapid 
current which gu^es or jets over the slightest 
obstacle in its way. 

HOTUHOTU (Kbtuhdtu), large eyes. 

to pierce with a drill or borer. 2. To stir the 
ground with a fork. Cf. tihou. Houhou, 
plural of the action ; hohou (hohou), plural 
fit the subject. 

Houhou, to probe the intentions or thoughts of 

HOU (hbu)t new. Cf. matahouj nikunikuhou, 
nioniohou, pohou and rapahou. 2. A large 
crop; abundance. 3. New bread-fruit. 

Aka-hou, to renew ; anew ; to make anew. 2. 
To cook up again. 

HOUAQAj a canoe ; a ship. 

HOUNUKU, to fall in abundance. Ex. E hou- 
nuku ana te tuore; These abortive bread-fruits 
are falling all over the place. 

HOU PAPA, stiff tough cloth or stuff. 

HOURUPE, a seat of dignity; a throne. 

HOUTU, to fall straight down. Perpendicular, 
said of a waterfall. 

HU, a cry, an exclamation of mockery. 2. An 
intensive exclamation to heighten the effect 
of a sentence. Hu e ! a. cheer. 2. To burst ; 
to crackle ; to snap. 

HU (hu), people; persons. Cf. manohu, matahu 
and tuahu. 2. Food (jnaa) placed in the 
ground (to ferment), and of which the upper 
portion is found to be spoilt. 

HUA (hua), to produce, said of trees, grain, &q, 
2. To commence to recite a prayer and con- 
tinue it with the assistant priests. Plural 
huhua (huhua). 

HUAHUA (huahua), pimples that cover the face. 

HUAITI (hua-iti), retention of urine ; stricture. 

HUATU, a kind of banana that is only eaten 
when cooked. Cf. tuitu. 

HUE (hue), the name of a fish. 2. A gourd ; a 
calabash. The gourd plant. 

HUE (hue), to collect; to gather together. Hue- 
hue (huehue), plural of the action; huhua 
(huhue), plural of the subject. 

Akahue (aka-hUe), to collect ; to heap up. 2. 
To carry a crop of food stuff. 3. To gather 
together persons or things. 4. To recite a 
kind of song of joy and encouragement. 

Akahuehue (aka-huehue), to recite ; to call o^* 
names and titles. 

HUQA (huga), a piece of pandanus leaf cut short 
off from its row or line. 

Akahuga (aka-huga), to bruise; to crush; to 
grind to atoms. Cf. kohuga. 

Hugahuga, a particle ; a crumb; a tiny piece. 
2. A portion of anything. 3. A small object ; 
a small man ; a dwarf. 

HUHA (huhu), the buttocks; the breech. 2. The 

HUHAHUHA, a white pimple on the face. 

HUHIQA (hu-higa), a vanquished people. 
Vanquished and exiled to the rocks. 

HUHU (huhu), a brush; a sweeping tool. To 
dust; to wipe off the dust. 2. To undo a 
running knot and fix it afresh. 3. To rake a 
garden-bed. H u h u h u h u (huhuhuhu), plural of 
the action of verb. 




HUHUA, see kua, 

HUHUHU, to leave a thing to rot; to let it go to 

HUHUKE {huhuke)y the steam from a boiler or 
from a native oven. 

HUHURE (hhhure), to work. 2. To unfold; to 
unroll. To open; to show. To uncover; to 
expose. Hupehure (hurehhre)^ plural of the 

HUl (hTii), dependant islands ; outlying islands ; 
members of a group. See huiika, Cf. huui^ 

Huihui (huihui)y to cover; to envelope. 

Huhui (huhui), a tied-up bundle of fruit, or a 
bunch of fruit growing naturally on the tree, 
as in coco-nuts, bananas, &c. 

HUIIKA {huiika), a bundle of fish. Cf. hui and 

HUKA {hhka), the froth or foam of living 
creatures. Cf. tohuka, 

Hukahuka, strongly agitated by a gale, said of 

HUKE, vengeance; revenge; to avenge. Huke- 
motua, to avenge a father. 

HUKE (huke), to put earth lightly on a native 
oven already covered. 

HUKI, to pierce through, to show, said of flashes 
of lightning. 2. To bury a small piece of 
wood in the ground or in a soft body. 3. To 
hook down or pull down a fruit from the tree 
with a pole. 4. To be in labour ; child-birth. 
5. To dart ; to lance ; to make thrusts with a 
lance. 6. To be upheld by the faults of 
others ; to thrive by others' mistakes. Hukl- 
huki (hukihuki)y plural of the action. 

HUM I (humi), the dog-fish ; a kind of shark. 

HUMU (humu)f the name of a sea-fish. 

HUMUHUMU {humuJttimu)j short, well-made 

HUMUTAQAROA {humutagaroa)^ the name of a 

H U N A, see atahana, 

HUNE (hune)y only used concerning yams or 
sweet potatoes spoilt by being planted in cer- 
tain places. 

HURAHURA (htirahura), to be the first to arrive. 

HURI (huri), a plant ; a shoot of a banana. Cf. 
hurita. 2. The name of a fish. 

HURI (/tun), to turn on one side. 2. To roll, to 
turn over in the sense a stone and not a long 
body turns. Cf. mohttri^ tahuri, tohuri, and 
touuri, 3. To pull; to draw as one draws 
the chain of coco-nut leaves in fishing. 4. 
To change one's clothes. 5. To admire 
oneself tlirough vanity. 6. To steer; to 
turn ; to veer, as a boat. Hurihuri (Mrildlri), 
plural of the action ; Huhurl (huhuri), 
plural of the subject. Huria, let it be 

Huhuri (Tiu^rt), to turn away the eyes and 
refuse to speak, through dislike of a person. 

HURITA (hurita) t the name of a species of 

HURU {hiiru), the shape ; the figure; the form. 
2. The hair on the body. 3. A feather. 

HURUHOHONU, a spring tide ; a very high tide. 
Cf . hohonu, 

HURU PA (hurupa), idle; lazy; inert; generally 
said of old people. 

HURUTUPU, the crown of the head. 

HUTI (hiiti), to make a roof of pandanos leaves. 
Huhuti (huhuti)t plural of the subject. 

HUTI HUTI {hutihuti)y to pull up ; to extract ; to 
draw out ; spoken of feathers, hair, and 
plants only. 

Huhuti {huhuti) J to pull out, said of roots. 

HUTU {hutu), the name of a tree. 

HU-TUTAE, to fire off a gun ; to touch the vent 
with a linstock. 

HUUI {huhi), the secondary islands of an archi- 
pelago ; dependant islands. See hui. 


I, a sign nsed to denote the indefinite past 
tense of a verb. 

I, to; to the. 

I, to taint ; to spoil; to become corrupt. 

lA, he; she; it; him; her. Cf. koia. 2. A 
sign of, the dative before proper names. I 
aku, to me ; for me ; in my possession. It 
also means •' to my sexual organs." 

I A, a particle of affirmation. 

lAPO, the name of a plant now extinct. It gave 
one of its ancient names {Raroiapo) to Aka- 

lEIE, brown bread. Bad paste or porridge made 
of spoilt bread-fruit. 

I EH A, see ihea, 

IGA, a fall; a tumble. To fall. 

IQAHU, vanquished ; to be defeated. 

IGA I A, the time answering to the (southern) 

IGAIMONUKA, great mortality; a large loss of 
life. Cf. igamaroro. 

IGAIRUAROA {igairuar7)a), a great dressing of 
victuals ; a large quantity of food. 

IGAMARORO (igamarbro), a pestilence; a great 
mortality. Cf. igaimonuka. 

IQAROATUARAE, of old; in other days. (Pro- 
bably for i-garo-atu-tua-ragi), 

IQOA, a name ; appellation. 




Aka-i^oa, to name; to call. To give an 

IQOQO (ig'bgo)^ the pupil of a heathen priest. 2. 
Initiation into religions mysteries ; to make a 

Sriest by initiation and ceremonies. 8. To 
raw, to draw up, as water. To imbibe. 

I HA, to bend; to stretch. Stretched out. 2. 
To make a grimace. Plural ihaiha. 8. 
Light, cramping, said of dress. 

Akaiha (ahi'\ha)j to stretch ; to tighten. Aka- 
ihaiha, plural of action. Also to make very 
tense, very tightly stretched. 

IHAKOt to cast a hook in fishing for hako, 

I H E, the name of a fish. 

IHEA (or ieha)y where P Where is it P Ihea ne% 
where is it then ? 

I H El HE ^heihe), to welcome; to show oneself 
pleased with a visitor. 

I Ht-IM, perplexed; intricate. Cf. hihi, 

IHiAKI, to have an old grudge against one 
person of a family and not against another. 

I HO, apiece; a portion. 2. An end-piece; the 
long syllable at the end of a song. Cf. to, 
okiihOy oniiho. 

IHU, the nose. Cf. mataihu. 2. One who dives 
deep. 8. To be submissive; subdued; con- 
quered. Kua ihuy he has ceased to persist. 

IHUMOKO, short of breath, from deep diving. 

IIKOTARA, the name of a bird. 

IK A, fish (generally). Cf. ikapuga^ raveikay and 
kouika. 2. Moss. 3. Mouldiness ; damp. 
4. A reed used to pass the cord of a mesh 
in making nets. 

Akaika (aka-ika), to go to catch fish. 2. An 
ornament, used in ancient times. 

IKA i^ka)y to make fire by friction of wood. See 

IKAIARA, a quarrel. 

IKAKA (ihaka), a foetus delivered within five 
months after conception. 

IKAPUQA i^kapuga), fish that gather in shoals 
in shallow water. 

IKARO (, to collect ; to gather together. 

IKATAMAMEA {ikatamam^a), to be angry because 
another has handled his property. 

IKATEKEHU (tAaegfcg/iM), niggardly ; penurious. 

IK ATI), the name of a fish which arrives in 
shoals to deposit its eggs on the beach. 

IKE, the mallet with which papyrus is beaten in 
the making of native cloth. 

IKEI i^kli), to rise; to get up. To appear, as 
stars. Ikeikei, plural of the action; iikeit 
plural of the subject. 

IKERE (ikerej, a sudden knd violent flow of 
blood. 2. To run ; to flow (as water, &c.) 
Ikerekere, plural of the action. 

Ikerekere, to boil up ; to issue as a spring of 

I Kl , a strip, as of ribbon. A term used in making 

I KO (i^o), to deprive ; to bereave. Cf . aka-koiko* 
2. To retrench ; to curtail. 8. To take off, 
to remove, as clothes. 4. To lift ; to raise. 
6. To rebuke; to find fault. 6. To refuse. 
Ikoiko, plural of the action ; like, plural of the 

IKOGA, a fainting fit ; a swoon ; to faint. Plural 
of verb, ikoikoga. 

IKOURA (ikoura), a keepsake; a souvenir; a 
present ; a gift. Particularly a present made 
through a third person to a foreigner or the 
inhabitant of some other island. 

IKU, the moon. 2. The tail of a fish. 8. The 
end of a thing. 4. A wave of the sea rising 
after a calm. 5. A gentle breeze. 

Ikuiku, a slight soft wind ; a zephyr. 2. The 
end of a thing. 

I KUA VI {iku-a-v\)y arrow-pointed; in a point; 

IKUMOKO, to fall drop by drop. 

I NAG A (inaga), the name of a very small fish. 

INAGARO. see aka-inagaro, 

INAHO, a large family or tribe. 

INAINA {lnaina)y to warm oneself. 2. A torch ; 

Akainaina (aka-inaina)^ to warm oneself. 2. 
To warm up again, as food. To dry (as 
clothes) in front of the fire or in the sun. 

INAKI, a basket for catching fish. 2. A por- 
tion; food eaten with some other food, as 
cheese is with bread. 

Akalnaki (aka-inhki), to obtain ; to procure. 
2. To give a thing to be eaten with otner food 
as a relish. 

INANO, the niale pandanus or screw-palm. 

INAU, **No," said in answer to questions con- 
cerning morals, or to questions about 
irrelevant matters or absent people. Ku 
inaUt he said '* No " ; he refused. 

I N A U I A, certainly not. See inau, 

IN El (inH)t an exclamation: Oh, really ! 

I NENAH I, yesterday. 

INEPO, last night. 

I N I (mi), to read ; to recite a prayer, a lesson, <ftc. 
Iniini, plural of the action ; iini, plural of the 
subject. Iniini te verovero, te vero, te vero ; 
To recite right through to the end. Cf . hini. 

I N 1 1 N I . a grasshopper ; locust. 

INITAKAO, to recite. Cf. ini and takao. 

INOHI, a piece of wood used as a spoon or a 

Inohinohi, a piece of wood used to convey food] 
to the mouth. 

INOHI (iribhi), to take food on a piece of wo^ 
used as a fork. 

INOI (Inoi), to ask for; to beg for; if6 demand. 
Plural jnoinoi. -^ 

Inoinol, to beg for with importurajty, 

Inoiraga, a request ; petition. ; 

INOINO, a line pulled by the fii^b when hooked. 




INU, to drink. Inuinu denotes longer action 
than hill. 

Aka-inu, to make a person eat plentifully of 
the liquid popoi (paste or porridge.) 

10, in one's house ; at the home of ; near by. 
Cf. noho-io and iho. 

1010 (wio), fine, delicate, said of mats and of 
carefully made thatch of pandanus leaves. 

Aka-ioio (aka-ioio), to weave in a fine mode, 
said of mats. 2. To cut wood into small 
pieces. 3. To make thin or fine ; to dilute ; 
to weaken. 4. To perish ; to decline ; to 
waste away. 

lORE, a thief; a robber. 

I PO, married people. 

IPOKO, the head of a man, of an animal, or of a 
fish. Cf. upoko and akaipokoniii. 

IPOKO-KORE (fig.)' a- ^^^ without a head, i.e., 
without any foresight or sense of order or 

IPORA (iphra), to receive a thing with the arms 
outstretched. Plural iporapora (iporapora). 

Iporaga, the act of receiving in the outstretched 

I PU , a calabash ; a gourd for carrying liquids, &q. 

IPUIPU iiptiipu)^ a live coal. 2. Suffocating 
heat which becomes unbearable. 3. Trouble- 
some ; embarrassing. 

Akaipu (aka-lpu), a sore which is formed and 
suppurates at the entrance of an organ, as of 
the mouth or vagina. 

Akaipuipu (aka-ipmpu)^ a fire without flame; 
to make a fire without flame or smoke, as for 
grilling meat. 

IRA (t7*a), a skin disease ; dark spots or patches 
on the skin. 

IRAGO (irago)y to join hands ; to unite to catch 
anything. Plural iragorago (iruffomgo). 
Irago'fa, the action of thus receiving. 

IRAMUTU (iramhtu)y a nephew or niece. 

IREIRA, there; thither. 

IRERE, to flow, to run, said of things which pass 
over a cloth. Cf. rere. 2. A hole formed in 
a flowing material is also called irere. 

IRI, a nest. 2. A joker ; pleasant ; humourous. 

Iriiri, pleasant. Tekao iriiri, pleasant conver- 

IRI (in), to roll oneself ; to tumble ; to wallow. 
2. Placed in a higher position than the 
observer, as a box on a high shelf. Cf. kairi- 
ki-ruga. Iriri (inri), plural of the action of 
the verb (1). Iriga^ action of iri. 

IRI A (mfl), bearded ; bearded to th ears, to the 

I RIGA MA, the season answering to (southern) 

IRI PAKE (iripake), the name of a fish. 

IRITOKE (intake), an earthworm. Cf. toketoke. 

I RO, k worm found in the body, or in food. Cf. 
gairo and iroi. 

Aka-iro,vto allow a thing to rot and breed 
worms o^r maggots. 

5 \ 

Akairoiro {aka-lroiro)y to bound ; to jump for 
an instant, but many times. 

IRO (/ro), this word is not found except in its 
causatives, &c. 

Akairoga (akairoga)^ a mark ; a sign ; to mark. 
Cf. irna. 2. A small man. 

I RO, to make a cord or line in the native manner 
by twisting on the thigh. 

IROA (iroa), " I do not know " ; "I am ignorant 
of it.*' Cf. aka-irbga. 

I ROI, to roll oneself about ; to make contortions. 
Cf. iro. Iroiroi, plural of the action. Irolga^ 
contortions ; writhings. 

IROKOPAPA (irokophpa), a worm in bread-fruit 

IRORO (irbro), an expression of hatred. 
ITA {ita)f stuck ; adhering ; glued on. To 

Itaita (Halta), strongly adhering ; firmly stuck 

ITA, to debate ; to discuss ; to argue. 

ITAKA (itaka), hard, tough, said of flesh on 
account of its leanness. 2. To have eyes 
looking heavy from want of sufl&cient sleep. 
Plural itakaitaka. 3. The eyes that look 
heavy from want of sleep. 

ITE (ite), to stretch oneself out ; to reach out ; 
to extend. 2. To be bruised in falling, said 
of fruit. Plural, jtete (itete). 

ITI, little; small. Cf. motuaiti, oupoiti^ teiti 
and totitititi. 

Akaiti (aka-lti), to make small ; to diminish. 

Akaitiga (aka-Uiga), the action of making 

Akaiti it! , to make very small. 

Akaitiaga, charity ; compassion ; alms. To 
lend ; a loan. 

ITI, anything which jumps or leaps. Cf. hiti. 

ITIGA, the summit of a hill. Cf. itij little. 

ITIKE, surprise ; a movement of surprise (Cf. 
iti, to leap) ; to be surprised ; to marvel. 2. 
To admire. 

ITIMORORO, to cause a fish-hook, by the in- 
fluence of the gods, to catch fish. 

ITO, the name of a fish. Also maitoito. 

ITOGO, a fork ; spoon. Cf. itogo. 

ITOGO {ithgo), to poke or prod a person with the 
finger. Plural itogotogo (itogotbgo), 

Itogoraga (itogorhga), the action of prodding 
with the finger. Cf. itoko. 

ITOITO (Uoito), soft and pretty white cloth. 

ITOKO, a stick or pole for pushing or thrusting 
a raft along. 

ITU (for hitu)y seven. 

IVA, a stranger ; a person from another district 
or country. 

IVA, nine. 

IVA IV A, hard; harsh; severe. 

Akaivaiva (aka-wawa), to displease ; to offend. 
2. To detest ; to abhor. Akaivaiva tutu 
marie : to detest beyond words. 




IVI (ivi)j a hillock ; small hill. Plural iviivi. 

IVI {wi)y family; genealogy. 2. A parent. 3. 
Allied; related. Plural iviivi (iviwi). 

IVIKAKI (tvikaki)t the neck; the bone of the 
neck. Cf. kowi^ kakL 2. The neck of a 

Akaivikaki (aka-wikaki)^ to put a neck portion 
to a shirt, &c., in making it. Aka-iviivikaki 
(aka'iviivikaki)^ plural of action. 

IVITUA (ivitua)^ the back; the backbone. 2. A 
pain in the back. 

Aka-ivitua, to carve out ; to cat into a shelving 
ridge, like the back of a beast. 

IVITUAPA (ivitUapa)^ strong ; robust. 2. A 
carrier ; a porter. 

IVITUAPIKO (ivitr«ap?A;o), a vault ; arch ; curved. 
See next word. 

IV ITU API) {ivituaph)t a hunchback ; hump- 

I V ITU A PUE, humpbacked. 


KA, a particle, that placed immediately before a 
verb (and not followed by another particle) is 
the sign of the imperative or subjunctive. 
Ex. Ka apoapo koe ki to koe mottia : Pay 
respect to your father. 2. Placed before a 
verb and followed by the particle ai it is the 
sign of the future tense, as Ka kai ai ratou ki 
te irigama : They will eat it in October. 3. 
"Is it this?" 4. Placed before a cardinal 
number it converts it to an ordinal, as ka taiy 
first, ka ma, second, &c. 

KA (ka), to kindle a fire either by friction of 
wood, flint and steel, &c. As soon as the fire 
appears it is ka, to take fire. Cf. kaka. 2. 
To sing, said of a fowl about to lay. 

A kaka (aka-ka), material for making fire with, 
dry wood, matches, &c. 2. To kindle a fire. 
3. To heat a native oven. 4. An unusually 
low tide. 5. To withdraw from the reefs, 
said of an ebbing tide. 

KAE (A'ae), saliva; spittle; to spit. 2. A small 
scrap of food, or remains of liquor. 

Akakae (aka-kae), to have a nasty taste in the 
mouth after eating bad fish. 

Kaekae {kaekae)^ full of juice, said of the root 
of the Ti plant (Cordyline) when sucked. 

KAMA {kaha)j to weave or plait coco-nut fibre. 
Cf. kaka, kopuekaha, nati-kaha, purukaha. 
2. The name of a kind of fish or insect living 
in the sea. 3. A fish having fine round lobes 
in the shape of a star. 4. Divination ; a 
casting of lots by priests. 

KAMA (kaha), how many? Cf. ahttj eaha. 

KAHAKAHA (kahakaha), the name of a small 
fish. 2. Said of the eyes of a man who does 
not weep when one of his parents dies. 

KAMI (kahi), to run; to flow; said of liquids. 
Plural kahihi. 2. Ready to run ; on the point 
of flowing. 

Akakahi (aka-kahi), to lead water from a high 
place to a lower one by a channel or canal ; 
a gutter ; watercourse. 

KAHIRI, an exclamation of encouragement to 
others to work, &c. : Kahiri ! Cf. kairi. 

KAHO, the rafters of a house, on which the 
thatch-leaves are laid. Cf. kao, 

Kahokaho, long well-made fingers, without 
creases or wrinkles. 2. Sugar cane. 

KAHOPAHOPA, necessary ; supporting ; as a 
prop sustains that which leans on it. 

KAHORE (kahhre), to peel or skin lightly with a 
knife, as a fruit. Plural kahorehore {kahhre- 
Knre). Cf. nwhore, hohorBj pahore, 

KAHORO (kahhro), the name of a kind of net. 

KAHORO (kahoro), to ask for something one has 
not got. 2. To seek with avidity ; to look for 
with much trouble. 

KAHU (kahu), cloth; stujff ; clothing. Cf. 
tapakahu. 2. To wrap the eyes of a child in 
the breast of his mother's garment. Hence 
kahukokomo, a chemise ; kahurereki^ the 
garment called rereki, (fee. 

KAHU I, a bunch of bananas or pandanus; a 
bunch of grapes. Cf. hui, huiika^ &c. 

KAHUMATA, the white of the eye. Cf. mata, 

KAI (kai), food ; nourishment ; to eat. Cf. 
pakai, parakai, rotukaikai, rakaiga, uakai. 

2. To receive. 

Aka-kai, to give food. 2. To make presents 

3. To procure food and make provision to go 
somewhere else. 4. To adjust nicely the 
joints of pieces of stone or wood. 5. To 
serve ; to be the servant of. 

Kaiga, the action of eating. See other kaiga. 

KAI A, wicked ; cruel ; a cannibal. 

KAIAIORO, the beard of the pearl oyster. 

KAIGA (kaiga), the earth; the world. 2. Land ; 
property ; landed property. 3. The country 
or district. 4. The extent or expanse of a 
place. Cf. mamukaiga and mamuenua. 

KAIGAKAI (kaiga-kai), a meal ; a repast. 

KAIMOKURA, the name of a house in which 
tirau is made. 

KAIOTA (kaifjta), uncooked food ; food which 
tastes raw. Cf. keiata and ota. 

KAIREO (kaireo), a deputy; an envoy; a dele- 
gate. One who is indued with the authority 
of another. 

KAIRI, an exclamation of encouragement of 
cheer, to excite others. Kairi ! On I Fo^^ard ! 
Cf. kahiri. 

KAIRIKIRUQA (kairi-ki-ruga), to mof^int upon. 
Said of the action of sexual connejiion. 


27 Kanapa 

KAIUKIUKI, the lower part of the back. 2. The 
spinal column. 

KAKA, yellow, 2. Red ; bright red ; a red 
object. Cf. kurakaka and ka, to kindle fire. 

KAKA (kaka)y the envelope of young coco leaves 
and of flower seeds. 

KAKA {kaka)y a plait of coco fibre. Cf. kaha, 
2. The name of a fish. 

KAKAHI {kakahi)y a species of crayfish which 
hides in the sand. 

KAKAHO (kaknho)j a reed. Cf. meipuaJtakaho, 

KAKAHU, to grow ; to increase ; to grow up. 2. 
To walk fast. 

I KAKA I, a hook that is good for catching fish. 

KAKAKA-KAMEIKA, the name of a herb. 

KAKAKIRIPAUA, to go in small parties to a feast. 

KAKA MA (kakama), the name of a species of 

KAKA NO (kakavo), to be broad ; wide ; large. 

Aka-kakano, to enlarge ; widen. 

KAKAOREGA {kakdhrega), a shoot or sprout of 
the rega plant. 

KAKARA (kakara). See karakara. 

KAKARAEA (kaharaea), ochre; yellow earth 
used as paint. Cf. kurakaka. 2. Rusty. 

KAKARAUMEI (kakarauni^i)^ the liver. See 

KAKARAURI (kakaraUri), not to be warm, said 
of a native oven. 

KAKARO {kakaro)y to see in a confused in- 
distinct manner. Cf. makaro. 2. Something 
not clearly visible on account of distance or 
of a dazzling effect. Cf. kakarora. 

KAKAROA {kakarf)a)f the name of a species of 

KAKAROUMEI (kakaroumei), the liver. Cf. 

KAKARORA, the dazzling effect of strong sun- 
shine. Cf. kakaro, 

KAKARUA {kakarua), a vein of soft material in 
stones which allows them to be dressed 

KAKAUj the stalk of a fruit. Cf. tukau. 2. 
The trunk of a ti (Cordyline) tree. 

KAKAUKORE, without a stalk. See kakau and 

KAKAUTARA (kakautara), weepings; loud cries 
of grief. 2. Confusion ; uproar. 

KAKAVEKA, a bird having a long tail, the 
Shrike. Cf. kave and kaveeke. 

KAKE {kake)i following; that which comes 
after; a successor. 2. A reef; a rock level 
with the water ; awash. Cf. p(yragokake. 
8. The arrival of shoals of fish on the high 
tide to deposit their spawn at low tide. 4. To 
strike on an ocean reef. Kakekake (kakekake), 
plural of the action ; kakake (kaJuike), plural 
of the subject. 

Akakake (aka-kuke)^ to slap, to box a person's 
ears with all one's might. 2. To strike with 
a stick with all one's force. 3. To cause a 
vessel to run aground or be stranded ; to strike, 
as a vessel. Plural aka-kakekake (aka-kake- 

KAKEA (kaff^a)^ a noose; a springe. 

Akakakea (aka-kakea), a kind of knot. 

KAKEIO (A;aA'e2o), following; coming after. The 
remainder; sequel. 

KAKI (kfiki)y the neck. Cf. ivikaki, toreakaki, 

KAKI, to give a bad name ; to call by injurious 

KAKIAKAUAREKA (ktikiakauarlka), to desire 
ardently to speak to a certain person. 

KAKINA {kakma)y to have the sound of the voice 
choked with grief. 

KAKIOKE, a stranger; a person of alien stock. 

KAKIPUKU (kakipuku), scirrhus of the neck; 
tumour of the neck. Cf. kaki and puku. 

KAKO (A:a^'o), flexible; pliant; infrangible. 2. 
Sticky; viscous. Kakako, plural of the sub- 

Kakokako {khkokako), flexible. 2. Liquid, 
flowing thickly, like porridge. 3. Delicious ; 
agreeable to the taste or touch. 

A kakako (aka-khko), to mollify ; to soften. 2. 
To crush edibles up with a pestle or stamper. 

Aka-kakokako, to dilute. 2. To make a watery 
paste ; to make fluid in a consistency resem- 
bling porridge or popoi. 

KAKOA, or KAGOA, no ; not. Cf. kakore. 

secret conversation. 2. To hide one's 

KAKORE (kakore), no ; not. Cf. kore and kakoa 
KAMA, see makama. 

rAMAKA (kamaha), the name of an inhabited 
island south of Mangareva. 

KAMIHA, the trunk of a tree hollowed out as the 
outrigger of a canoe. 

KAMO {kmw), a robber ; a thief. To steal. 
Kamokamo (kamokamo), plural of the action ; 
kakamo (kakanw), plural of the subject. Cf. 

Kamoga (kanibga), theft ; robbery. 

KAMOKAMOj striped ; streaked ; coloured in 
bands or stripes. 

KAMOKOKARA (kamokokara), a robbery effected 
by breach of confidence. 

KAN A (kana)t a yellowish coral on which 
poisonous polypi cause swellings in the 
flesh of those who touch them. 

KANAE (kanae), the name of a fish. 

KANAKANAURA, not to be perfectly ripe, com- 
mencing to ripen, said of fruits, except the 
bread-fruit. 2. To have a red colour. Cf. 
ura. 3. To take back ; to take again. 

KANAPA (kanapa) f brilliant; sparkling. Ka- 
vh-panhpa, more brilliant or of longer enduring 
brilliancy than kanapa* KananapUf brilliant. 





Kanaparoga {kamipar(>ga), brightness ; reful- 

Aka-kanapa, to give lustre ; to cause brilliance. 

KAMA PI RO (kanapiw), a kind of soft polypus. 

KANATU-KI-TE-TAKAO, not to declare oneself; 
not to speak out. 

KANE (kane)i the heat of the sun, of tire, of the 
air, or of blood ; warm. 2. Vapour ; steam. 
3. To fizzle; to expel wind from the body 

KANEKANEHUE {kmiekhnehhe)^ a small place 
planted with taro shoots. 

I KAMI (/cam), a dog. (Mod. chien ?) 

KAN 10, to beat with a blow of the clenched fist. 

KANOA, to be habitually stingy and penurious. 
2. A vagabond ; a dissipated person ; a 
scoundrel. Cf. kanokino. 

KANOHI (kamhi), to take food like pap, with a 
morsel of wood which is made to skim over 
the surface. Plural Kanohinohi (kavj)hinohi). 

KANOI {kanoijj to be constipated; not to be able 
to relieve the bowels. Difficult evacuation of 

KANOKANO (kanokano), grain; berries; seed. 

KANOKINO, to be miserly for a moment {i.e., 
not habitually). Cf. kanoa. 2. A bad fellow; 
a vagabond. 3. A hot-headed person. 

KAO (kao), the oesophagus ; the throat ; gullet. 
2. A shoot ; a sprout of plants, trees, or 
grass. 3. A rafter. Cf. kaho. 

KAO (kao), to desire fiercely; to covet ardently. 
2. To form a crowd round one. 

Kaokao (kaokao), the side; the flank. The 
lateral part of a thing. Cf. tukaokao, tapa- 

Akakao (aka-k^io), to drink from a vessel which 
is not allowed to touch the lips, but is held 
up in the air. 

Akakaokao {aka-kaokao), to take food from out 
one side of a pit or hole without touching the 
other. Cf. matakao, inatikao. 

KAOA (kaoa), the name of a fish. 

KAOHORE, a rafter. See kao and kaho. 

KAOITI, not greedy for food; sober in desire. 
Cf. kao, kaonui, and iti. 

KAOKAO, to see a thing by turning the neck to 

KAONUI {kaonid), a glutton; a great eater. Cf. 
kcio, nui, and kaoiti. 2. Envious. 

Kaonui raga (kaonhiraga), gluttony ; greediness. 

KARA, a song for the dead. 2. Chants or 
recitatives of all kinds. 

KAPAKANO, a farewell expression to one return- 
ing to his home, as to say, ''A safe journey 

KAPE, a plant having a long bulbous root. It 
is allied to the taro. 

KAPEKAPE (kapekape), to struggle much in 
trying to swim. 2. Bags; tatters; old gar- 
ments. A working dress. 

KAPETIATOGA (kapetiatoga), to glean; to pre- 
serve things left at the gathering of crops, &t. 

KAPI (kapi), to be full; filled up; replete. 2. 
To be accomplished ; done. To terminate ; 
to arrive at a boundary or limit. 3. Said of 
a distribution in which all share. 4. To 
meet, to come together, said of a work which 
commences at two different points. Cf. 

Akakapi (aka-kapi), to terminate; to finish. 2. 
To finish a distribution in which all present 
have a share. 3. To join the ends of a net 
or band for catching fish. 4. To surround, 
so that' none escape. Aka-kapikapi (akn- 
kapikapi), plural of the action; aka-kakapi 
(aka-kakapi), plural of the subject. 

KAPITAI, to fish. To fish at night with a 
net or chain of leaves. 

KAPITI (kapiti), to join; to join things so that 
they touch. Cf. kapi. 

KAPO (kapo), to hollow; to hollow out. 2. To 
receive a falling object in the hands, arms, or 
outstretched garments. Kapokapo (kapokapo), 
is the plural of the action, or indicates pro- 
longed action ; kakapo (kakapo), plural of the 

KAPU, a vessel ; container. A glass, a plate, or 
a leaf used for the purpose. 2. A trough. 3. 
Deposit ; to deposit in or on. 4. A name of 
the ti (Cordyline) tree. Plural kapukapu 
(kapnkapu). Cf. kapurinia, kapuvavae. 

Kapukapu (kapukapu), large and vigorous, said 
of leaves. 

Aka-kapu, to make a vase or cup. 

KAPURIMA [kapu-rima), the palm of the hand. 
Cf. kapu and rima. 

KAPUVAVAE (kapu-vavae), the sole of the foot. 
Cf. kapu and vavae. 

KARA (kara), to distribute food in small por- 
tions, in a mean way. 

KARA, a heavy stone found in round masses 
like balls. 

KARAGA (karaga), a cry. Cf. karakara-mea- 
riria and karako. 2. A song; a chant. A 
war - cry of menace or defiance. 3. To 
gesticulate ; gesticulation. 4. A far-off noise 
at night. 

KARA I (karai), to declare; to affirm. 

KARAITIKA, to affirm ; to assert; to swear to. 

KARA KARA (karakara), to smell slightly a 
pleasant odour. 

Kakara (kakara), odoriferous; fragrant. 

KARAKARAHU (karakarahu), the odour of 
human beings. 

KARAKARAMEARIRIA (karahara-mea-riria), to 
execrate ; to curse. Cf. karanieariria. 

KARAKO, the name of an indigenous bird that 
sings regularly and well. 

KARAKUERE (karakuere), to clap; to clap 
hands. 2. To play games. 

KARAMARAMA (karamarama), a window. Cf. 
ravia and viarama» 




KARAMEA, a part of the liver. 2. A part of the 
neck, at the higher end of the oartila^nous 
bone of the throat. 3. A thing ; an affair. 

KARAMEAKA-KARAMEAKA, capable; able; fit 
for anything. 2. A part of the liver. Gf. 

KARAMEAPOROTU {karamea-porotu)^ to be good, 
only said of things. 

KARAMEARIRIA (karamea - rir'ia)^ a horrible 
thing. Dreadful. Of. karakaratfieariria, 

KARAMU, to lunch; to make a light meal. 

KARAPIHI, the suckers of the octopus. 

KARAPU, the centre of a piece of land, of a 
bouse, or of a big crowd. It is only used of 
these three subjects. 2. A large bay. 

KARAU {karau)y that given to fishermen as 
exchange for their fish. 

KARA V A, to cut the flesh of a fish horizontally 
and then perpendicularly. 2. To come out, 
said of the large veins which appear when 
the body is straining under a load. 

KARE (kare)f the surface of water, or of the sea. 
Cf. takare. 2. The surface. 3. To break 
out ; to be spilt ; scattered ; shattered ; said 
of liquids and of soft bodies. Cf. aka-kare- 
karevai. Karekare (karekare), plural of the 
action ; kakare * (kakare)^ plural of the 

KAREKAREVAI (karekare-vai), movement of the 
surface of water ; conflict of waters. 

Aka-karekarevai, to rinse the mouth with 
water; to gargle. 

KAREKE, a stick or staff about four or five feet 
long, equally thick at each end. 2. A stick 
flattened at one end. 

KARI (kari)j a scar ; cicatrix. 2. Inflammation. 
3. A cut that does not bleed ; one that has 
healed up. 

KARI A (kaflajy an interjection used to show off 
a thing, " There I Do you see I " 

KARI HA (kariha)f a fragile sugar cane. 

KARIOI, luxury. E hare no te karioi : A house 
set apart for purposes of luxury. 

Aka-karioi, to live in luxury ; in debauchery ; 

KARO (karo)j to avert or turn aside the stroke 
of a stone, a lance, or a wave. Karokaro 
(kctrokaro)t plural of the action ; kakaro 
(kakaro)f plural of the subject. 

Karokaro (karokaroV war; battle. 2. A quarrel; 
a dispute. 3. A difficulty. 4. To be in dis- 
pute ; to fight ; to make war. 

KAROHAVA (khrofiava)^ to disappear suddenly. 

KAROHO, the name of a sea-bird. 

KAROITEMATA (karo4-te-mata), a troubled view ; 
that which is not plainly seen. 

KAROKI (karoki), a narrow space ; a narrow 

KAROU, a hook or fork for collecting nieL 

KARU (, dirt; soil. 2. Good soil; soft 
and fertile. 

Akakaru, to dig about trees. 2. To make small 
hillocks of soil. 3. To weed in a piece of 
land about the roots of trees or plants. 4. 
To dig. 

KARU, large in appearance. 2. Loom, m 

KARU HOI, the name of a fish. 

KARUUE, the flesh of the ue (hiie) or calabash 
plant. See ue, 

KATA (kata), to laugh; to be happy; joyful. 
Plural Kakata (kakata), 

Katakata (katakhta), to laugh long. 

Aka-kata, to cause to laugh ; to excite risibility* 
Plural aka-katakata (aka-katakata). 

KATA HA (kataha), the name of a plant. 

KATA H ATA HA (kaUthataha), a cousin. 

KATAKATA (ktitaktita), the five toes of a foot. 

KATAMU (katamu)y to move the lips as if in 
speaking to a person, so that he may come 
close. Cf. mumu. Plural kakatamu {kaka- 

KATAUTAU (kattmthu), a slave; a servant; a 

KATAVE, to be active ; lively. Activity. 

KATAVE, a modem word corrupted from Cassavai 
the Manioc (tapioca). 

KATIAGA (katiaga), a small piece ; a crumb, or 
remnant of food. 

KATIKA, an exclamation, ••Hoi" 2. There- 
fore ; then. 

KATO, a wall of stones like a dyke ; an enclosing 
rampart of hard stone. 

KATO (kato)j to cut the unripe leaves of a plant 
to be used as straw, &c. Plural kakato 

KATOQA, an axe ; hatchet. 

KAU, to go for a swim; to swim. Cf. koukau 
and tokau. 

Aka-kau, to get into tow (of a vessel). 2. To 
dive for mother-of-pearl far from the canoe. 
3. To wade at low water near the beach. 4. 
The kind of weather when the sky is closely 
covered with light clouds, the wind high, and 
heavy vapours hanging on the horizon. 

K A U K A U M ATA, the eyelid. Cf . mata. 

KAUKOKOMO {kau-kokTnno), a shirt ; chemise. 

KAVA (kuva)y to be bitter ; sour ; acid. Cf. 
oupokava. 2. Salt. Plural kakava (kakava). 
Rimakava, stingy; penurious. 

Kavakava (kavakava), slightly sour or bitter. 
2. See below. 

Akakava (aka-kava), to make bitter or sour. 
2. Not to visit often those one ought to visit. 

KAVA (kava) J a kind of shrub or taro, the root 
of which gives the liquor that, taken in small 
quantity, has the effect of ardent spirits, 
but when taken in large quantities induces 
lethargic sleep. If persisted in, the habit 
affects the skin and produces premature 
death. Cf. arakava, a kind of fragile sugar 






KAVAI, the person in charge of a piece of work, 
or of a feast. 

KAVAKAVA, the name of a fish. 2. See under 

KAVAKAVARUA (kavakavarua), to be offended 
about a trifle. 

KAVAPUI, the name of a tree. 

KAVATAI {kava-tai)y salt. Cf. kava and tai. 

KAVAUAHI (kavamihi)^ smoked; smoky. Cf. 
• auahl, 

KAVAUVAU,thin; slender; slim. 

KAYE {kave), the arm (tentacle) of the octopus 
or squid. 2. A bay ; a piece of land between 
two capes. 3. A joint; articulation. 4. A 
place at a distance. 5. A quarrel. 6. A 
long tongue of land. Cf. kakuveeka. 

Kakave (kakave)^ the parents of a friend, or 
your foster parents, whom you have been 
brought up to look upon as your own parents. 

Aka-kave (aka-kave), to dance. 2. To move 
the body to and fro while singing and gesti- 
culating with the hands. Akakavekave (afca- 
kavekave)y plural of the action ; akakakave 
(aka-kakave), plural of the subject. 

KAVEEKE (kave-eke), the tentacles of the octo- 
pus. Cf. kave and eke. 

KAVEI (kavei), the handle of a cup or vessel. 

2. A bundle or parcel carried suspended by a 
cord ;. the suspender. 3. A ball. 4. A^ind 

fveiy_small fish hook. Plural kaveivei 

Aka-kavel, to attach by a cord ; by a kavei. 

KAVEKEU (kave-k^u), to prepare for a fight ; for 
battle. Cf. keUt a quarrel. 

KAY ER I MA, the part of the arm just above the 
elbow. Cf. rima and kave, 

KAYI (kavi), a flaw; a rupture; a break. 2. 
Not straight, said of lines. 

Kavikavi (ktivikavi), thin; strait, narrow in 
certain places, said of a pass or road. 

KAYITIYITI (kavttivUi), the name of a small 
crab that hides in the sand. 

KAYIYI, a small quantity. Only said of bread- 

KE, another ; other ; else ; different. Cf. vaoke. 
Mea ke, otherwise ; it is different ; that is 
another thing. When ke is used after nui 
or ninore it has the force of the comparative 
degree of anadjective. ^wi A«, greater, larger ; 
ninore ke^ smaller. 

KE, any instrument used to summon people, as 
a bell, drum, &c. Cf . kehekehe. 2. A mosqCiito. 

3. A sickness ; malady. 

Keke, to creak, as furniture creaks. See keke- 

KEA {kea)j the name of a fish. 

KEHEKEHE (keJiekehe)^ a harsh and deafening 
noise. Cf. ke, 2. A loud, rough voice. Cf. 
tapukehekehe. 3. To bruise; to strike. 4. 
To rub two bodies together, the sound of 
Which jars on the hearing and sets the 
teeth on edge. 

KEHEKEHEK\K\HO (kchekehe-kl-kino), to get in 
a rage without cause. 

KEHIKA {kehika)y the name of a tree and its 

KEHO (k^ho)j the height of the shoulder. 2. 
The name of a basaltic stone, cutting and 
hard. Also keo. Plural kehokeho (kekokeho)^ 

KEHU-TE-OHO, work that lasts a long time but 
is not hard work. 

KEIARA, the root and filaments of the root of 
pandanus. Cf. ara. 

KEIATA (keiata)y not to be cooked properly, 
almost raw. Plural kekeiata. Cf. kaiota. 

Keiatata, slightly more cooked than keiata. 

KEIGA, remains ; leavings ; as of a bone or a 
piece of chewed sugar-cane. Cf. kai. 

KEIKAMO, a thief; an habitual thief (more ex- 
pressive than kamo). 

KEITAGI, jealous ; envious ; to envy. Keitagi- 
ta^i (heitagitagi)j plural of the action; kei- 
kettagi (keikeitagi)^ plural of the subject. 

KEKE {keke)y to praise ; to felicitate. 2. That 
which retracts itself ; that which goes back 
inside again (as a shell-fish into its shell) ; a 
sinking down. 3. To be suprised at an action. 

KEKE (keke), the arm-pit ; axilla. 

KEKEIE (kekeie), sharp ; harsh ; said of the 

KEKEKEKE (klkekeke), to grind the teeth. Cf. 
ke and keke. 2. To lock or set the teeth from 
fear or grief. 

KEKEKINA (kekektna)^ the name of a certain 
small fish. 

KEKERETU, the name of a -fish having a black 
skin and much oil. 

KEKO (klko)i the shaft of a lance. 

KEKOMIRO, a piece of red wood called miro. 
See mtro. 

KEMI (kemi)y to turn away the eyes. 2. To 
wink or shut the eyes suddenly, as when one 
is menaced with a blow on the cheek. 3. To 
lower the eyes ; to cast the eyes down. 4. 
To go away ; to disappear. 5. To drop down 
to avoid a blow. 6. To be surprised at the 
recital of a story concerning someone. Kemi- 
kemi (kemikemi)j plural of the action ; kekemi 
(keklmi)y plural of the subject. 

Akakemi {aka-kemi)y to correct oneself ; to 
correct one's words. 2. Not to have caught 
the meaning of something said. 3. To push 
a slide or drawer back into its place. 4. To 
make a thing slide upon something else. 5. 
To cause to bow down so as to avoid a blow. 
Akakemikemi {aka-kemikhmi)^ plural of the 
action ; akakekemi {aka-kekemi), plural of the 

KEMIGA, food nourishment. 2. Anything that 
supports life. 3. Life itself. 

KEMO ) slowly ; tardily ; tardiness ; re. 

KEMOKEMOJ missness. 

KEN A (k^na)y the name of a white sea-bird. 2« 
Fat ; a fat part. 

Kenakena (kenakena)^ large at the bottom, at 
the base. 





KENEHE (kenehe)^ thin: lean. 

Akakenehe (aka-kenehe)^ to make thin; to cause 

KEN ED (keneu)y to give a person a blow with 
the elbow. 2. To scratch ; to scrape. 3. To 
stir ; to move. 4. To lift ; to heave up. 

KENU ) said of the consummation of 

KENUKENU) sexual connection; complete 

KEO, a kind of basaltic stone, used for making 
native hatchets. Also keho. 

Keokeo, cutting ; making sharp, said of whet- 
. stones. 2. A slippery rock ; a slippery place. 

KEPA (kepa)^ to turn upside down. 2. To throw 
. far. 3. To repel ; to drive back. 

KEREA (kerea)^ a cough arising from some 
foreign substance entering the larynx. 2. 
Trouble in the uvula of the throat. 

.KEREKE (kereke)^ an instrument for tattooing. 

KEREKERE (Arere/fcrc), blue; dark blue, almost 
black ; the colour of the deep ocean. 2. 
Sombre ; darkness ; black. Cf. akere. 3. To 
beat the drum with the fingers. Cf. Jtei'eteta. 
4. The song of the bird torea. 

Aka-kerekere {aka'kerek^re)^ to make black ; to 
cause darkness ; to dye black. 

KERERE (kerh'e)^ to send ; a messenger ; an 
envoy ; one who carries an order. Syn. tuku- 

KERETETA (kereteta), the sound of the native 
drum. Cf. kerekere, 2. A kind of drum ; to 
beat the drum. 

KERETUMA {keretuina)^ the name of a creeping 

KEREU (k^reu), -prompt ; expeditious at his work. 
Plural kerekereu (kerekereu). 

KERI (keri), to dig; to scrape. Kerikeri {kiri- 
keri)j plural of the action ; kekeri (kek^ri), 
plural of the subject. 

KERO {kero)j to throw a thing high into the air. 
Kerokero (kerokero), plural of the action ; 
kekero (kekew), plural of the subject. 

Kerokero (kerokero), said of a wide expanse of 
country or of sea. 

Akakero (aka-kero), that which disappears. 2. 
To see in a confused or indistinct manner. 3. 
To look with one eye while closing the other. 
4. Not to be visible ; to be very nearly visible 
but too far off. Akakerokero (aka-kerokero), 
plural of the action. 

K ETA K ETA, stiff ; stretched out ; extended ; 
said of stuff, cloth, &c. 2. To stir ; to move. 

Aka-ketaketa, to stiffen cloth or linen stuff with 
paste or starch. 

KETE, to click the teeth with the tongue as a 
sign of pleasure or approbation. Plural 

Ketekete, to call the chickens, said of a hen. 

Aka-ketekete, to grow up, said of young girls in 
their spring-time. 

KETOKETO [ketok^to), a net that will not catch 
fish. 2. Sterile. 

KETU (kHu), to seek; to look for. Ketuketu 
{ketuketu)y plural of the action ; keketu 
ikeketu)j plural of the subject. 

KEU (Acm), a lively dispute ; a quarrel. 2. A 
fight. Cf. kavekeu, 

Akakeu (aka-k^u), to play games for amuse- 
ment. 2. To make a thing stir or move. 3. 
To agitate. Akakeu keu (aka-keukeu), plurid 
of the action ; akakekeu {aka-kekhi)y plural 
of the subject. 

Keu keu (keukeu), to amuse oneself ; to recreate. 
2. To cause to move ; to stir up. 

Keukeuga, amusement ; pleasure. Syn. reka- 

KEUAE (keu-ae), to keep stirring up; to make 
things move continuously. 

KEUE {keue)y the name of a sea-bird. 

KEUKEUKURA, blonde ; fair. Oho keukeukttra : 
fair hair. 

KEVO {kevo)y squint-eyed. 2. One-eyed; a one- 
eyed person. Cf. matakevo. 

Kevokevo (kevokevo), to wink ; to blink. 

Kl, to; at; a sign of the dative, case. 

Kl, to say ; to speak (when followed by mai or 
atu). Kl atu au ki te hu : I speak to the 
people. Cf. kwj to chirp. 

Kl {ki)f to think; to believe ; to imagine. 

KIA, to; at. It is used like H, but only before 
proper names and personal pronouns. 

KIA KIA, the cry of the kotake, a water-bird. 

KIARA (kiara), to sleep. 2. To watch over one 
who sleeps. Cf. ara and hara. 

KIATO (kiato), the name of a large raft. 

KIHAKIHA (kihakiha)t to fix one's gaze on for a 
long time. 

KIHI {kihi)y to fish. Only used in regard to one 
kind of fish. 

KIHI KIHI (kthikihi), clear; serene; without 

KIHI MERINO (kthinierino), the name of a herb. 

KIHORO (kihoro)t a kind of order or command: 
Go quickly 1 Quick 1 Eun 1 Cf. oroj ohorOy 

KIKAKA (kikaka), wonderfully small; very tiny, 
Cf. kiklka. 

KIKAKIKA, a kind of dance with much gesticula- 

KIKI, children ; little ones. Cf. kiklka and 

KIKIA, solidly; firmly. Cf. maukikia. 

KIKIKA (kiklka), very small; very little; said of 
things in small quantity. Cf. kikaka and 

Akakikika (aka-klkika), to give in small 

KIKI KIKI, heavy; weighing much. 

KIKINA, Ree kinakina. 

KIKINI, see under kinikini. 

KIKIRIGUTU (kikirigutu), the lip. 

Kl KIR IRA (kikirira), an itching ; longing for. 





KIKO (kiko)t the flesh of animals or of fruits. 
Gf. arakiko, 

Kikokiko (k\kok\ko)j said of badly made cotton 
doth, or of mei (bread-fruit) not well fer- 

KIKOKAVATUA, the flesh of a fish about the 

Kl N A, a volcanic stone of fine grain. 2. Smoothly 
joined together. 3. Sliding ; slippery. 

KIN AKIN A. the first issue from a woman in 
parturition ; the choroid flow. 

Kikina, soft in the extreme. Gf. kikini. 

KINAKINARAQI, an insect about four inches 
long, and about the size of a horse-hair. It 
falls from the sky in heavy showers of rain. 

2. Hail; a hailstorm. 

KINATAHAQA, smooth; soft to the touch. 2. 
Very clean. 

KINIKINI, that which gives great pleasure. 

Kikini {kikini)^ smooth ; soft. 2. Nice to eat. 

3. Soft in tne extreme ; pleasant to excess. 
Gf. kikina under kinakina, 

KINO {k}no)t to sin ; to do evil. 2. (Of a woman) 
To have aer courses ; to be in the menstrual 
period. Kinokino (k\noklno)f plural of the 
action ; Kikino (kikhwjj plural of the subject. 

Kinoga {kimga)^ sin ; vice. 2. A bad action. 

KIO {klo)j a servant. 2. A slave. 3. A hus- 
bandman ; tiller of the soil. 4. A child 
(improperly applied in this case). 6. Crushed 
eggs. 6. A noise in the ears. 7. Little ; 
small ; said of birds and animals, also of an 

KIO, to chirp; to sing; said of birds. E kio 
ana : It chirps. Cf. A;i, to speak, and tokio. 
2. To extinguish ; to put out ; as a light. Cf. 

Klokio (k\okio)j chirping ; to chirp ; as a bird. 
2. See kiokio below. 

Aka-kio, to extinguish ; put out, as a light. 

KIOHE {kidhe)i to extinguish, as a fire or light ; 
to be extinguished ; quenched. Cf. kio. 

Kloheoiie (kioheohe), to be on the point of going 
out, as fire ; nearly extinguished. 2. Eyes 
half shut, but which nevertheless do not sleep. 

KIOHE, the last sigh ; a dying breath. 

KIOKIO {kiokto), the name of a fish. 

KIORE {kibre)y a rat ; a mouse. 2. (figuratively) 
a poor man ; a beggar. 

Kioreore {kibreore), extremely poor. 

Akakiore (aka-kiorej^ to call anyone a rat ; to 
give the name of rat to a person. 

KIRA, a tumour in the neck; swelling of the 
glands of the neck. 

KIRIi the skin of animals; bark of trees. Gf. 
kirikii'ii kiriako, kiripagu^ kiritapu. 

KIRIAKO, a skin marked or spotted with yellow 
or white. Gf . kiri. 

KIRIEO (kirih))t having the smell of fish about 
the hands. 

KIRIHAU (kirihau), the bark of a tree from 
which cordage is made. Gf. hau. 

AlRIHI, the stones used as a weight to sink the 
lower edge of a net. 

KlHWjSee kirihi. 

KIRIKAKO (klrikako), a quarrel between a 
younger brother and an elder brother. . 

KIRIKIRI (k^Hk-iri), gravel; little stones. Gf. 
kirij the hide (because the original idea was 
"skin of rocks"), makirikiri^ and pahirikiri. 

KIRIKIRITI (klrikiriti), to tease; to plague. 
2. To answer; to reply promptly, suddenly. 

KIRI KOI (klrikiu), a spendthrift; waster; one 
who tears his clothes easily. 

KIRIKORE {k'irikore), the name of a long fish. 
2. A fruit with thin rind. 

KIRIKORE, to turn or swing the cord over which 
one leaps. 2. To dig up rushes. 

KIRIMIRO, the name of a bay at Mangareva. 

KIR I PA {kmpa)y to fall from one's chair. 2. 
Caught or impeded by anyone in passing. 
Plural kiriklripa (ktrikiripa), 

KIRIPAQU (kiripagu), a black skin ; a negro. 

KIR I PANE (kiripane), the thick skin on the 
head of a fish. Cf . pane. 

KIRIPUPU (kiripupu)t inflammation of the 
epidermis. 2. Small-pox. 3. Measles. 

KIRIRUA (kirirha)^ one who has two masters. 

KIRITAQA (kiritaga), said of a place prepared to 
receive a certain quantity of food ; also of a 
piece of work rapidly performed. 2. Abun- 

KIRITAQA-PAKOKO, abundance of the male 
flower of the turnei (bread-fruit). 

KIRITAPU (kiritapu), a sacred skin ; one not to 
be touched or approached. Gf. kiri and tapu, 

KIRITARA (ktritara), said of paste, or of food 
made of spoilt bread-fruit. 

KIRITAU {kiritau)y to put on the clothes of 
parents or of friends. 

KIRITI (kiriti), to throw to one side; to repel 
with quickness. 2. To sprinkle. Kirikiriti 
(kirikir'iti), plural of the action ; kiklriti 
{kikiriti)t plural of the subject. 

' ik I R ill , a kind of fish-hook. Gf . tarakihi. 

KIRITI KE (kirUi-ke), to throw here and there. 
Gf. kiriti. 

KIRiTUPU (klrithpu), a wart; callosity. 2. A 

KIRIUA {kiriiia)^ the scrotum. 

KITAHA (kitaha), to put aside. 2. To send 
anyone round by the outskirts of a crowd or 

KITAHI (kitahi), to keep several balls moving 
in the air at the same time when thrown up 
by the hand, after the manner of jugglers. 
Gf. talii. Plural kitahitaKl (kitahithhi). ' 

KITAKAO, on the contrary. Gf. takao. 

KITE, to see ; to perceive. Gf. matakite, 2. To 
hear. 3. To understand. Gf. kiteaua. 

Aka-kite, to show ; to point out. 

Aka-klteklte (aka-kitekite), to confess ; to avow. 
2. To show. 




Aka-kitekiteraga, confession ; avowal. 2. 

KITEAUA, visible ; in sight. Cf. kite. 

Kiteauaraga, appearance ; seeming ; outside 

KITE Ml (kitemi), to reproach ; to rebuke anyone 
for his faults in the presence of other people. 
Plural kitemitemi (kitemitemi). 

KITERAKITERA (ki-tera-ki-tera), all; "both 
these and those." 

KIUKIU (Iciukm), slender; thin; fine; slight; 
said of anything except the human body. 2. 
-A thin sound ; a soft sweet sound. 

Akakiukiu {aka-ktiikm)^ to make wood small in 
cutting it up. 

KIVAKIYA (kivak\va)^ to be on the point of 
coming out, said of fruit. 2. To grow big, 
said of infants in the womb as the birth -time 
approaches. 3. A " big-belly," said of one 
who eats too much. 

KIVIKIVI (kivikivi), the name of a fish. 2. The 
name of a bird resembling a thrush or lark. 

KO (k7i)f a particle placed before proper names 
in the nominative case. 2. *' It is " (used in 
answer to a question). 3. Over there; over 
the way ; yonder. 

KO, a cry used by the heathen priests in their 

KO (ko)^ a mosquito. 2. A sickness, illness (not 
of a serious character). 

KOA, to weep ; to lament. Koakoa, plural of the 
action (see koaklm) ; kokoa, plural of the sub- 

Aka-koa, to cause to weep. Plural aka-koakoa. 

KOAAKAROTUROTU (koa-aka-roturotu), groan- 
ing; moaning. Cf. koa, 

KOAQA, reeds that have been pulled up. 2. 
Between the legs, thighs, &o, 

KOA I, the name of a plant. 2. The name of a 
small kind of banana having a black interior. 

KOAI (ko-hi), who? which ? 

KOA I {kohi)j to miscarry; not to ripen; abortive 
(said of grain and berries). Plural koaiai 

KOAKOA {khak'ba)i rejoicing; joy; mirth. To 
rejoice. To be content ; satisfied. 

Akakoakoa. to cause to rejoice; to make joyful. 
To give pleasure. To cause to laugh. 

KOA MA (kohma), delicate; feeble. Having 
small and deUcate limbs or parts. 

KOANA (koana), a small pit; a small cave. 
Small cavities in the rocks. Plural koanaana 
(koandana). Cf. ana. 

KOANAKOUUTU {koana-kouutu)^ small caves in 
capes or promontories. Cf. koutu and atia. 

KOA N I, to return to the charge. To demand; 
require. Cf. ani. 2. To entreat for possession 
of something. 

KOARI (koari)i partly cooked; half -cooked. 
Hardened in the oven. Cf. kouri. 

KOATA (koata), the light of the moon showing 
before the moon itself rises. To make such 
Hght appear. 2. Transparent ; with a ruddy 
tinge in the light. Noho-koataj a position in 
which one's nudity can be seen. Cf. kohata^ 
kouhatay ata. 

KOE {koe)j thou ; you. Koe ana, you yourself. 
Koe noti, you yourself. 

KOEKOE, a noise in the intestines ; rumbling of 
the bowels. 

Aka-koekoe, to speak with a very low voice ; to 
have a voice like a counter-tenor. 2. To 
make very fine and small. 

KOERE (ko^re), an eel. 2. A fresh-water snake. 
3. Feeble in spirit ; poor in intelligence. 4. 
Lazy; idle. 

KOERIKIj the name of a tree. See rnbi. 

KOETE (koete), a thief; robber. 

KOGUTU (kogutu), the edge of the sea, of a hole, 
of a ditch. Bank ; strand. 2. The curb of a 
well ; the edge of a precipice ; the rim of a 
cup or vessel. Plural kogutugutu (kogutu- 
gutu). Cf. gutu, 

KOHA, the joints of boards or plates. 

KOHA (khha)y an envelope or covering of young 
fruits, berries, cotton, stems of sugar-cane, 
banana-stems, <S:c., placed on the dry leaves 
which cover the taro. Plural kohaha (kohaha). 
2. Straight ; plain. E oho-koha : straight 
hair, not frizzled nor curly. 

Akakohakoha (aka-khkakhha), to pay care and 
attention to the hair, to see that it is well 
combed and dressed. 

KOHA I {kohai)y to wait on anyone at the table ; 
to pay attention to those having their meals. 

2. To take care of the clothes worn while at 
domestic duties. Cf. khha. 

KOHAO (kohao), diarrhoea ; a watery evacuation 
of the bowels. Cf. kohari. 

KOHARI (kohari) J dysentery with pains in the 

KOHARIKOTUKU, name of certain shoals and 

KOHATA (kohata), the space between two boards ; 
to be badly joined together, said of planks. 
Plural kohatahata {kohataJiata). Cf. koataj 
ata, hatahatttf kouhata. 

Akakohata (aka-kohtita), to leave a space be- 
tween two bodies badly joined or jointed 
together. Plural akakohatahata (aka-kohata- 

KOHE (kbhe), the bamboo. 

KOHEA, What? Cf. hea.ea. 

KOHEHA (koheha), to be soft, said of food. 
Plural kohehaheha (koh^lmhPJia). 

KOHE KOHE, to end in a point. 2. A pyramid. 

3. A clear voice. 

Aka-kohe, to make a cornet, a package pointed 
at one end. 2. To give a thing a pointed 
shape at the ends. Plural aka-kohekohe. 

KOHERO, cloth or stuff dyed or tinted red or 
russet colour. 




KOHI (kbhi), to gather ; to pluck fruits ; to 
collect together. Kohikohi (kbhikohi), plural 
of the action ; kokohi (kokohi)^ plural of the 

Kohikohi, to gather up garments so that they 
should not be soiled with dirt op mud. 

KOHIHI (kohthi)^ leaves not fully formed ; im- 
mature; young. Plural kohihihihi (kohlhi- 

KOHI HO {kohiho)j to mix good food with bad. 
Plural kohihohiho (kohilwhiho). 

KOHIKO, a little bag at the end of a fork, used 
in gathering fruit. 2. The fork itself. See 
aka-koikOf under koiko. 

Kohiko (kohiko), to gather fruit with the fork 
and bag. Plural kohikohiko (kohlkoh^^ko). 

KOHITARO, the tips or tops of taro plants. 

KOHITI (kohtti), to take edibles from one place 
to another. 2. Said of a mode of fishing. 
Kohitihiti {kohUihiti)^ plural of the action ; 
kokohiti (kokohiti)^ plural of the subject. 

KOHITIKURA (kokUikura), to jump or skip 
when the rope is being whirled round (skip- 
ping rope). Cf. koitikuraj hiti. 

KOHIU {kohtu)j to slap or hit anyone lightly 
but many times. Plural kohiuhiu (koMuhlu), 

KOHO, illness ; headache. KohonihOy tooth- 
achej; kohomanava^ stomach-ache. See koho- 
manava and kohorua. 

KOHOA (koliba)^ the sides of the lower abdomen. 
2. The flanks ; the hips ; haunches. 

KOHA-MANAVA, conscience ; sentiment ; the 
feeling of right and wrong. Cf. koho and 

KOHORE (kohbre), to cut ; to trim ; to carve the 
surface of a piece of wood. Plural kohore- 
hore (kohbrehbre). 

KOHORUA (kohorha), to be in doubt what to do 
or what not to do. Plural kohokohorua 
(kohokohorha). Cf. kohonianava and koho. 

KOHU (kohh)y a calabash which lets out the 
water ; a leaky gourd. Plural kohuhu (kohuhu). 

KOHU A, a word used before a proper name 
when calling the person named. 

KOHUA-KANAE, small fish of the kind called 

KOHUGA (kohuga)j to strike anyone frequently 
on the same part of the body but not else- 
where. Plural kohugahuga (kohugahhga), 
Cf. huga. 

KOHUHU (kohuhu), the name of a grass that 
bears edible fruit. 

KOHU NOR E {Jtohimbre), a small man. Cf. nore, 
2. To be slender and fine in figure. 3. A 
man's breast-nipple. 

KOHUNU, to accommodate or make room for a 
child ; especially used for the taking of a baby 
to the breast of its mother. 

KOHUORA [kohfiora), a rather coarse mat (as 
paratahi and parata), 

KOHURA {kohura)y to cast a lance or hurl a 
stone. 2. The splash of water from the 
paddles of a canoe. 3. Said also of the brim 

of a vase or cup ; of the gunnel of a boat or 
canoe ; of the edge of a hole. 4. To embark ; 
to get aboard a small canoe. Plural kohura- 
hura (kohurahura). 

KOHURUTAO, the shaft of a lance. Cf. too, 

KOI (kr)i)j pointed. Cf. takoL 2. To cut well ; 
adapted for cutting, as a polished blade. 3. 
Hardy ; daring. Mago koi : a bold shark. 4. 
To perform quickly ; to be rapid ; to hurry. 
5. To go towards ; to make for (as to a certain 
place). 6. Hanging. 7. Dependent. Koi koi 
{k()ikoi), plural of the action ; kokoi (kokbi), 
plural of the subject. 

Kokoi, quickness. That which moves .rapidly. 
2. To cut like a razor ; keen-edged. 3. Able 
to go against the wind. 

Kokoi (kokoi) J prickly ; stinging. Irritating ; 
scorching (said of uncomfortable garments or 
of clothing material). 

Koi koi, pointed; sharp; sharp-edged. 

Akakoi (aka-kbi)y to make pointed. 2. To 
collect ; to gather ; to rake together. Cf . kohi. 

Akakoi koi (aka-kbikhi), denotes longer action 
than aka-koi. 

KOI A (koia), that is it ; that is he. 

KOIA {kola), a term of encouragement to urge 
to continue an action. 

KOI AVE! (koiavei), bad bread-fruit. 

KOIGA (k(nga)y land broken up by the flowing of 
rain water. 

KOIGA-GOGORO ) a centre of news ; a focus of 
KOIGA-TAKAO j intelligence or gossip. 

KOI HE (koihe)j a small loaf of bread or roll, in 
shape like a carrot. Plural koiheihe (koihe- 

KOIKO, tattooing. To tattoo. 

Aka-koiko, to make a fork with which to gather 
bread-fruit. Cf. iko. See kohiko, 2. To 
open the legs. 

KOIKU (koiku), to put in a bundle all the ends 
of branches ; or of wood of the same character. 
Plural koikuiku (kotkuiku). 

KOIOHI (koibhi), abortive; of no use (said of 
banana-sprouts or sets). 

KOIONE (koi7>ne)j a kind of lace- work made by 

KOI RE (koire), the name of a plant. 

KOIRO (kotro), the name of a fish. 2. To hang 
up an octopus by a tentacle. 

KOITARA (kottara)y the last fruits of the season 
(on a tree). 

KOITERA (kO'i-tera)f that is it ; it is that one in 
particular. Cf. ia. 

KOITIKURA, to skip with a rope. Cf. kohiti- 

KOI VI (kotvi), a disease of the bones. 2. Con- 
sumption (recently introduced) in a contagious 
form. 3. A bone. Cf. ivi. 4. The skeleton 
of the human body. 

KOKARA (kokara), having confidence in. Plural 
kokaraKara (kokarakara). K kamo kokara: 
Full of trust. 


35 >r 


KO K A RO, the buttocks ; the breeoh. Gf . magaga- 
kokaro and putakokaro, 2. Behind. 

KOKE, a confused noise of conversation in which 
nothing distinct can be heard. 

Kokekoke (kbkekoke), to be unable to advance 
on account of others coming and going. 2. 
Conversation going on in a confusion of 
sound; uproar; hubbub. 

KOK\ (koki), a piece of twisted wood; a crook. 

2. To clap the hands ; to applaud with the 
hands. Plural kokikoki (khkikbki). Of. koki. 

Akakoki (aka-koki)^ to traverse; to walk 
athwart a path or line. 2. To make a broken 
line ; to walk zigzag ; to render crooked. 3. 
To move the jaws from right to left and left 
to right. Plural aka- koki koki (aka-kbkikbki). 

KOKI, to beat anyone so that the slaps or blows 
resound. Plural kokikoki. Gf. khki, 

KOKI KOKI KO {kbkikoklko), the name of a crus- 
tacean fish. 

KOKI MO {kokivw). a worthless pearl sticking to 
the shell. Plural kokimokimo (kokimokimo), 

KOKI R I (koklri)^ to make small pieces of food 
into hard lumps. Plural kokirikiri (koklri- 

KOKIRI, see etukokiri. 

KOKO, to break, said of billows and waves. 2. 
An egress; issue; way out. 3. To run 
without overflowing or fall, said of a brook. 
4. An unequal surface; having billows. 5. 
A hollow place ; excavation. 6. Depth. Vahi 
koko^ a valley. 

Kokokoko, to widen, to become wider, said of a 

Kokokoko (k()kokbko)t a hollow; a cavity. 2. 
An empty belly. 

KOKO A, the name of a long fish. 

KOKOE (koko^)t intestines ; bowels. 

KOKOEATIO Ueoho^-a-tio), "Bowels of the Tio" 
— (fig.) wicKed ; bad-hearted. 

KOKOEEKE (kokoe-eke), " Bowels of the Octopus " 
— an abusive term. 

KOKOEONETEA (kokoP-one-tM)^ a glutinous sub- 
stance found in the sand. 

KOKOEPO (kokoepo)t ignorant; not to know 
anything. Gf. koko^ and po. 2. To forget. 

3. Uninstructed. 

KOKOEPO-VERIVERI (kokoepo-vPnvlri), ignorant 
to a supreme degree. 

KOKOERIRIA (kokoeriria), wicked ; bad-hearted. 

KOKO HI (kokbhi), to finish; to cease; to make 
an end. The end. 

KOKOIA, to be vanquished ; beaten. 

Kokoiaraga, a beaten tribe ; one whose chief 
has been vanquished. 

KOKOIAIU (kokoidiu)y perches or poles made of 
peeled papyrus. 

KOKOINAKO (kokoinako)^ a torch made of reeds 
or pandanus. It lasts but a short time. 2. 
ninminations ; a number of torches. 

KOKOKOKO {kbkokbko)j the name of a sea-bird. 
2. See under koko. 


KOKOKOKO, see under koko. 

KOKOMA (kokfrma), see under komakama, 

KOKOMAHI 1 A kind of food made of spoilt 
KOKOMAI J bread-fruit. 

KOKOMO (kokonw), see under komo, 

KOKOPA (kok()pa), see under kopa. 

KOKOPU, see under kopukopu. 

KOKORORA, a small snail found on the earth 
and stones. 

KOKOTA {kokota), the name of a small shell- 
fish. Pare kokota^ a head-dress resembling 
the shape of a kokota shell (something like a 
bishop's mitre). 

KOKOTI {kokhti)y see under kotikoti, 

KOKOUA, a crowd; multitude; a great number 
of people. 

KOKOUAGA, fugitives ; runaways from a fight. 

KOKUAU, a branch of au tree from which the 
bark has been stript. 

KOKOUE {kokohe), the name of a fish. 2. Lazy ; 
idle. 3. Soft white wood. 4. The name of a 
place in Mangareva. 

KOKOUERE (kokottere)^ see under koulre, 

KOKU, pierced by the boring worm ; unable to 
hold water. 

KOKUMU (kokUmu)y the part of the arm between 
elbow and wrist. Gf. kukumu, 

KOKUMURIMA (kokUmu-rtma)^ a measure by the 
arm's length ; a cubit. Gf . kokumu and rima. 

KOKURU (kokuru)y the name of a small tree. 

KOMA, stone axes (these are found at Mahina- 

KOMAKOMA (kt>makbma)f strait.; narrow. 

Kokoma (kokTtma), a narrow place ; a strait ; a 

Akakokoma (aka-kokbma), to narrow ; to 
straiten ; to contract ; to compress ; to bind 

KOMAE (komcie)^ a bread-fruit tree on which 
most of the fruit has failed, but of which the 
residue is good. 

Komaemae (komaemae)y slack ; feeble ; set. 
Said only of eyes that are not bright and 

KOMAGA (kovuiga), a forked tree. 2. To gather 
fruits as a whole ; to gather the crop. 

KOMAKO (konmko)^ the name of a land bird 
that sings almost as sweetly as a nightin- 

KOMA-RAPAKU, a wig. 

KOMARI (ko7tiari)t the eggs or spawn of certain 

KOMATA {ko7mta)t the place on a fruit where 
the stalk is attached. 2. Marks on a branch 
or twig where leaves have been pulled ofif. 3. 
The nipple of the breast. 

KOMINE {komine) y said of the stalk of a fruit 
which is so ripe as to fall from the tree. 2. 
Folded ; plaited ; wrinkled ; not pulled out 
or extended ; said of cloth, garments, (&c« 
Plural kominemine (kbm^nemlne). 




Akakomine {aka'komlne)^ to plait. 2. Folded ; 
folded together. 3. Joined ; united. Plural 
akakominemine (aka-komlnemine). Seemine- 

• mine. 

Akakominemine (aka-komlnemme), to hide one's 
thoughts. 2. To twist or divert a conversa- 
tion ; equivocal. See aka-komineke-komineke. 

KOMIRIMIRI {komtrimiri), a much twisted 
thread. 2. A closely woven tissue. 

KOMO {konio)y to stop up ; choke up ; to plug. 

Kokomo (kokt>mo)f a stopper ; a plug ; an ob- 

KOMOHIU (kdmo-hiu)y to feel smothered by the 
nostrils being stuffed up or obstructed. 

KOMUKO (komuko)^ a young coco-nut in which 
the flesh is still soft. 

KOMURI (komuri)t behind; after; in the rear. 
Cf. muri and aka-tamuri, 2. Following. 3. 
To retrace one's steps ; to return. 4. To^ 
turn away ; to avert ; to keep back. 

Komurimuri (komurimuri), to return with inde- 
cision ; to keep going backwards and forwards 
in doubt. 

Akakomuri jaka-komuri), to govern ; rule ; 
direct. 2. To turn back or turn aside often. 
3. To cause another to return ; to drive, back. 
Plural aka-komurimuri (aka-komurinmri), 

KONA (kona)j a seat ; a bed-place. 2. A house ; 
home. 3. The lower belly; abdomen. Cf. 

KONANE (konane)f to paint in different colours. 

2. To mix ; to intermingle ; to be in a medley. 
Cf. kurakonane. Plural konanenane (konane- 

KONEKE (koii^ke)^ to change one's seat ; to sit 
about in place after place. Koneken^ke denotes 
longer action than koneke. 

KONI (kdni), to move on the hands and feet. 2. 
To move along crouched down on the heels. 

3. To move like a tortoise ; to move in a 
sitting position. Plural konikoni (kTmikoni). 

Konikoni (konikmii)^ to walk like a man with 
twisted feet. 2. To walk quickly in a crouch- 
ing position. 

KONI HO (koruho), toothache. Cf. niho. 

KONINi (konini)^ the name of a tree. 2. The 
name of a plant. 

KONIVA (konwa)^ the name of a plant. 

KONOGA (konbgaV the present; at present; 
within half-an-hour. 

KONOHI Uiondhi), to resemble. For one person 
to be like another or one thing like another. 

KONOKONO {kbnokbno), to wish to evacuate the 
bowels ; to go to stool. Stools ; faces. 

Akakonokono (aka-kTmokono)^ to wish to go to 

KONOU (kon()u)y the last gatherings of bread- 
fruits, of less good quality than the earlier 
gatherings. 2. Coco-nuts that will not ripen ; 
abortive nuts; coco-nuts that dry up before 
becoming ripe. 

KONUE (korme), to be bent under the weight of 
a burden ; to be bowed by old age or sickness. 
Bent; bowed; curved. 

KOOTU, the full moon. 

KOPA {kT>pa), hands that are crippled or dis- 
abled, but are still of use to the owner. 2. 
Deformed ; with twisted body or legs. Plural 
kopakopa {k7)pakbpa), 

Akakopa (aka-kbpa)y to run swiftly. 2. To 
shrug the shoulders as a sign of contempt or 
disdain, but sometimes as a mark of joy or 
gladness. 3. To bend ; to bow. 4. To gather 
into a single pit the food from many cultiva- 
tions. Aka-kopakopa (aha-kTypakopa), plural 
of the action ; aka-kokopa (aka-koluypa)^ plural 
of the subject. 

Kopakopa (khpakopa)^ to bring together food in 
a single pit. 

KOPA, flat; level. Plural kopapa. Ct ohokopa, 

KOPAE {kopae)y to hide behind the back or 
under the arm of a person so as to escape 
notice. 2. To place in a pit. Plural kopae- 
pae (kopaepae), 

KOPAEPAE, to be without order; to place with- 
out arrangement. Syn. tipaeke. Cf . pae. 

KOPAKO (kopako), a small bundle of flsh. 

KOPAPA (kopapa) t the name of a flat crustacean 

Kopapapapa (kopapapapa)^ small flsh of the 
kopapa kind. 

KOPAPA, see under kopa. 

KOPARA (kopara)j the marks made on a ripe 
fruit by scraping on the ground. 2. Young 
octopus carried by the people as a present to 
their chief. Plural koparapara (koparapara). 

KOPATI {kopati)j a small cave. 2. To hide 
behind any person or thing. 2. To fasten or 
tie down one's clothes. 3. To bow oneself. 
To keep the legs together when going into the 
sea, so as to hide one's nakedness. Plural 
kopatipati (kopatipati), 

KOPEA, the name of an evil deity. See next 

KOPEA PO, a night attack. Cf. kopea and|?o. 

KOPEK A (kopeka), to cross the arms on the 
breast or behind the back. Cf . peka. Plural 
kopekapeka (koplkapeka). 

KOPEKE (koplke)^ a small bundle of pandanus 
leaves. Plural kopekepeke. 

KOPEPE (kopepe)^ to sit on the heels. 

KOPI (kopi)^ shears such as used by tailors for 
cutting cloth. 2. To shut ; to close ; said of 
bivalve shell-fish, and of the hands stretched 
out tightly shut. Kopikopi (khpikopi), plural 
of the action ; kokopi (kokhpi), plural of the 

Kopikopi (kbpikbpi), to ci^t. 2. Scissors. 8. To 
be elastic. 4. To clap the hands. 6. To 
compress ; to squeeze together. 

KOPI HI [kopihi), small shell-fish, shaped like 
snails, found sticking to stones on the beach. 
2. A nerite (shell) ; <* serpent-skin " (shell). 
See next word. 

KOPII, a kind of black shell-tish. 2. The nerite 
shell. See preceding word. 

KOPI KOPI KO {kopikopiko), to bow oneself with 
sorrow or with shame and annoyance. CI* 




KOPIPIPIPI (kofifipipi), small eyes; having 
small eyes. 

KOPIRIPIRI (Acop^rip^ri), to lean upon; to rely 
upon ; to confide in. 2. To stick to ; to 
apply closely to ; to nuzzle up close to anyone 
through shame or sickness. 8. To go from 
one tree to another, as children do when 
called. Cf. pipiri, 

KOPIRO {koptro)t a material; a kind of cloth 
made from the bark of the bread-fruit tree. 

Kopiropiro (kopiroptro)^ a small stock of ma 
(bread-fruit paste), separate ^rom the general 

KOPITl (kopUi), to add together. 2. To asso- 
ciate with certain persons. 3. To add things 
one to another either by piling up or by 
putting at the sides of the heap. Plural 
kopitlpiti (kopttiplti), 

Kopitiga (kopitiga), the action of assembling 
things or associating with persons. 

Kop\t\rfk^B.( addition. 

KOPITO {kopito)t to feel pains in the stomach 
^om too long fasting. Cf. pito. Kopitopito 
ikopltopito), plural of the action ; kopipito 
(kopipito)^ plural of the subject. 

KOPORO (kop:^o)t the last fruits of the bread- 
fruit tree, found in small quantities in the 
winter time. 2. Nightshade, a creeping plant. 

KOPU (kbpu)f the belly; paunch. Cf. kopu- 
apukUf koputeiti, 2. Used also when speaking 
of the largeness of a tree-trunk. 

. Akakopu (aka-kbpu)y to show the belly; to 
depict the belly. 2. To round off ; to make 
spherical or partly so. 

Kopnkopu (kopukopu), the end of high tide; 
full tide. 

* KOPU A, a piece of wood ; or of a plant or grass. 
2. A small gathering of animals. Plural 
kopuapua (kopuapua), Cf. kopua-hu. 

Akakopua (aka-kopua), to make a little heap. 

Akakopuapua (aka-kopuapUa)y to make little 

KOPU AH U (kopua-hu) f a small gathering of men. 
Cf . kopua and hu, 

KOPUAPUKU (k&pu-a-pUku), the calf of the leg. 
See kopu and puku, 

KOPUE, to be satiated; to have eaten to excess. 
Plural kopuepue (kopuepUe), 

KOPUEKAHA, acharm; amulet. 

Aka-kopuekaha, a plait of coco-nut fibre, used 
as a line of prohibition, to keep off the laymen 
in priestly ceremonies of paganism. Cf . kafia. 

KOPUGA (kopuga), a block of coral. 

KOPU KOPU (kopuk()pu)t the name of a fresh- 
water fish. 

c Kokopu (kokdpu), the young of the kopukopu, 

KOPUO, a crowd; a troop; an assembly. Cf. 
kopua and kopua-hu. 

KOPU R A (kopura)^ the name of a fish. 

Kopurapura (kopurapiira)^ small fish of the 
kopura kind. 

KOPU RE PURE (kopurepure)y ineffaceable spots 
or stains on linen, stuff, &o. 

KOPUTEITI (kbpu-t^iti)i a pregnant woman. Cf. 
kopu and kopiiti. 

KOPUTI [koputi), said of a woman who is preg- 
nant, and whose child is about to be bom. 2. 
Said of a certain number of finishing lines or 
rows in the weaving of mats or tissues. 3. 
The end ; terminus ; limit. 4. Achieved ; 
accomplished ; done. 

Akakoputi (aka-kopUti), to lead the plaits or 
weft through from tne attached edge to the 
end in making mats. 

Akakoputiputi (aka-koputiputi), to fini^ ; end. 

KOPUTU (kophtu), a butterfly. 

KORAE (korae)j a Wanderer; a vagabond; to 
wander about continually. 2. To often change 
one's dwelling-place. 3. To cut the hair of 
women on l^e forehead. Plural koraerae 
(koraerae). Cf. roe. 

Aka-korae, to cut the ends of the hair short 

KORARO (koraro)y to fish with the hook, holding 
the line in the hand. 2. To give a thing 
secretly to a person. Plural koraroraro 

KORE (kT>re)j nothing ; nothingness. '* It is 
not." When suffixed to a noun it means 
'♦without," "deprived of"; as ipokokore^ 
headless. Cf. matakore and varegakore. 2. 
Vanquished ; beaten. 3. Convinced ; con- 
victed. 4. To miscarry ; to be stranded ; 
said of one's affairs or business. 5. Can- 
celled ; set aside ; quashed. Korekorenoa 
(k'brekorenoa)^ plural of the action; kokore, 
plural of the subject. 

Korega (koregaV nothing. 2. The action of 
being vanquished, &c. 

Akakore (aka'kore)^ to reduce to nothingness ; 
to destroy ; to annihilate. 2. To nonplus ; to 
put to silence. Aka-korekoref to nonplus 
several times. 

KORE, an eddy ; swirl of the water. 2. Disturb- 
ance in the sea caused by the flight or passage 
of fish. 

KOREKOREANOA (khrekore-a-iiba), not to be 
right in any way. 

KOREMO (^or^mo), mucus in the eye. 2. Cata 
ract or spot in the eyes. 

KOREU (koreu), a girdle or loin-cloth ; an apron. 
To put on a girdle or apron. Plural koreureu 

Akakoreu (aka-koreu)y to put a loin-cloth or 
apron upon a person ; the person so clothed 

KOREVA (kor^va), a mark ; a sign. 2. To mark 
packages or bundles. Plural korevareva. 

KORI (kT)ri)f the sound of water splashed or 
disturbed by a man or fish. 

Akakori (aka-khri)^ to stir up water. 

Koriga {koriga)^ movement ; the action of 
stirring up and agitating ; to move oneself ; 
to be agitated ; moved, 2. To scatter and 
then unite ; to disperse and come together. 
Kerigariga (korigariga)^ plural of the action ; 
kokoriga (kokoriga), plural of the subject. 

Korikori (klbrikhri)^ to bathe ; to wash oneself. 




Akakorikori {aM'kbriktyri)^ to wash a little 
baby. 2. To bathe oneself and sport in the 

Korikoriraga (kfyi-ikoraga), the action of bathing 
or washing. 

KORIGAKORE (kortgakbre)^ to be fastidious; 
squeamish ; particular. 2. Not to know what 
to do with oneself ; tired ; to feel ennui. Cf . 
koriga and kore, 

KORINO (korino)f to make the meshes for netting 
with coco-nut fibre (kaha). 2. Pieces of stuff 
put in to lengthen anything out, as in splicing. 
Kortnorino denotes longer action than koftno. 

KORIRE, a stone upon which a god was supposed 
to descend and rest. 

KORIU (koriu)j to turn on one side ; to go toward 
a person or place. Koriuriu {kortunu)^ plural 
of the action. Cf. riu. 

KORIVIRIVI (kanvirivi), the name of a small 

KORO (k()ro)y to grudge seeing anyone giving a 
thing away to a third person. Korokoro 
{kbrokirro)^ plural of the action ; kokoro 
{kokoro)y plural of the subject. 

KORO A (koroa), an honorary duel or combat to 
celebrate funeral rites. 

KOROHI (korohi)t a glance of the eye ; an ogle. 
To look at while turning the head to the side. 
To cast sheep's eyes ; to glance at without 
looking directly. Korokorohi (kurokorohi), 
plural of the action ; kokorohi (kokorohi)^ 
plural of the subject. See next word. 

KOROI, to wink ; to blink the eyes ; to ogle. Cf. 

Korokoroi, to give frequent sly glances ; to ogle 
continually. 2. To wink or blink the eyes. 

KOROI KE-KOROIKE, to look at from all sides, or 
on all sides. Cf. koroi and koi'ohi. 

KOROIO, at present; now; a space of one, of 
three, or of four hours. 2. Time whose length 
is indeterminate. 

KOROKORO (korokoro), a larynx (part of throat) 
that is very prominent externally. 2. A 
tumour formed in the neck. 

Korokoroga, the whole of the neck ; all round 
the neck. 

KOROMI, one who swallows up; one who en- 
grosses everything; a monopolist. Cf. hero, 
to fiwallow. 

KOROMIA, wrinkled ; rumpled. Cf. koromine, 

KOROMIKOANI (korbmikoani), to have an intense 
desire to acquire property or wealth ; to be 
avaricious. Koromiromikoani (korbmirhmiko- 
ani), plural of the action ; kokoromikoani 
(kokbromikoani), plural of the subject. 

Koromlkoaniraga (korbmikohniraga), avarice ; 

KOROMINE, wrinkled; rumpled. Cf. koromia, 

KORO PA (korbpa), a ditch that contains water. 

KORO PAN I (koropaniU to daub; to besmear; to 
soil ; to dirty. Plural korOpanlpani (koro- 

Koropaniraga (koropanirctga), the state or cir- 
cumstance of being soiled or dirty» 

KOROPUE (koropue)y big and strong, but lazy. 

KORORA, a war arising without any warning. 
2. To slap or strike athwart and across. 3. 
To spoil or hurt. 4. To throw a quantity of 
stones at a person or thing. 

KORORO {korbro)y the name of a black bird 
whose claws, eyes, and beak are red. 2. 
Headache. 3. The name of a fish. 

KOROTEA (korotla)y the name of a species of 

KOROTIKI (korotiki), a heap of edible fruit on 
the ground. 

KORO DA, dear ; pet ; only usually said to 
infants. 2. A pet name or loving expression 
for the youngest of a family. 

KOROURI, cloudy, overcast weather. Cf. uri 
and ragikorouri. 2. Bread - fruit which is 
thought to be still green. 

KOROVENA (korovena), a mixture of a little good 
food with a great deal of bad. 

KORU {kbru)j humid ; very damp ; said of lands 
sogged with water. 2. Bunning together; 
confluent. 3. The dampness under a sick 
person. 4. Pains in the stomach. 

Akakoru (aka-kbru), to render humid ; to 

Akakorukoru (aka-kbrukbru)y to fill the mouth 
up entirely with food. 

Korukoru, a shout of ferocity (the derivation is 
from "confluent"). 

KORU (kbru)y fragile; delicate. Turaga koru: 
a delicate constitution. 

KORU A, you two; ye two. The dual form of 

KORUE (korUe), to scent the hair with coco juice. 
Plural koruerue (koruevTie). 

KOTAE, to adorn the head. 2. The name of a 

KOTAHAGA, a small plot of ground. 

KOTAHE, paste or porridge that is slack and 

Kotahetahe (kotahetahe), a term used for a man 
who is supple and lithe. 

KOTAI (kbtai), a sea-bird. 2. To bind stuff 
round the head ; to put on a turban. 

KOTAKE, the name of a white bird ; an aquatic 

KOTE (kbte)y sea-moss. 2. Sea-weed. 

KOTE, said of a man who is always talking iind 
does not get on with his work. A babbler. 
Kotekote (kbtekbte)\ plural of the action. 

KOTI (kbti)y long lines and streamers, as of the 
rigging &c. on a small vessel. 

Kotikoti (ktytikbti), to cut ; to cut into bands, 
slices, or streaks. Cf . pakoti. 

Kotiaga (kotictga), limits ; boundaries of land. 
2. The hair when cut well and equally. 

Kokoti (kokbti), to cut ; to saw ; a saw. 

Aka-kotikoti, to make bars or rays; a ray; a 
streak ; a stripe. 

KOTIARAQI (kotiaroigi), the name of a fish. 




KOTI KOTI KE - KOTI KOTI KE ( mikbtike- kotikd - 
tike)^ to out into bands or stripes ; divided by 
stripes ; the streaks of colour in a flower. 

KOTIMUTIMU, the name of a fish. 

KOTIRO {kotiro>lj a shoot or sprout of a plant 
about three inches high. Plural kotlrotlpo 

KOTIU (kotiu)y to watch over; to foster; to 
preserve. Kotiutiu {kotiufiu), plural of the 
action ; kokotiu (kokotm), plural of the sub- 

KOTOAKO, to fish for the ako. E koto ana : the 
ako is being fished for. An impersonal verb. 

KOTOKOTO (kUokoto), the noise of the lips in 
sucking, as a baby sucks at the breast of the 

KOTOMI {kotdmi)y to speak low, so as not to be 
overheard. Plural kotomitoml. 

KOTO RE (kotbre), any soft substance sticking to 
the coral or rocks. 

KOTOU, ye or you ; the plural of kocj thou. 

KOTUKU (kotuku), a black and white land-bird 
with long neck. 

KOTUKUTUKU (kotUkutuku), to be seated in a 
certain place. 

KOTUMU (kotumu)^ to put the trunks or stems 
of fallen trees all on the same side. Cf. 
tumu. Plural kotumutumu (kotUmutumu), 

KOTURA-KOPATI, soil burnt up with drought. 

KOTURI (koturi)y to kneel down. Koturlturi 
(kotUrituri), plural of the action ; kokoturi 
(kokotUn)f plural of the subject. 

Akakoturi (aka-koturi)y to cause to kneel down. 
Plural aka-koturituri {aka-koturithri). 

Koturi^a (koturtgd), a hassock; a pad for 
kneehng on. 

KOTUTO {kotuto), to be proud of; to become 
puffed up; elated; haughty. Plural kotuto- 
tuto {kotutotuto). 

KOU (kdu), to be finished ; ended ; entirely con- 
summated. Gf. kohpu. 2. Low clouds resting 
on the peaks of the hills. 3. Crippled, as 
rima kou^ maimed in the hand ; vavae /row, 
lame, &o, 

Koukou (kTmkou)^ a large tumour that appear 
on the nand or foot. 

Akakou {aka - kdu)^ to finish ; to end. To 
achieve; attain. Aka-koukou {aka-k7mk7m), 
plural of the action ; aka-kokou, plural of the 

KOU A A, the lower jaw ; the bone of the lower 
jaw. Cf. aluiy kouact ai^d kouaha. 

KOUAE, the jaw; the jaws. Cf. kotiaa and 

KOUAHA, the part of the face between the jaw 
and the cheek. Cf. aha, kouae^ and kovaha, 

KOUAKU, the name of an islet to the south-east 
of Akamaru. 

KOU A RIGA, my friends 1 The singular is e riga. 

KOU ERE (kou^re)y to walk; to march. Kouere- 
ere, plural of action. 

Kokouere (kohmere), said of many canoes, <&c., 
coming and going. 

KOUEREI (kouerH)^ a branch of the coco palm. 
Cf. erehi, tmiereit Ac. 

KOUERIKI {koueriki)j a forest tree resembling 
the oak. 

KOU EVA, the name of a plant. 2. The name of 
a small fish. 

KOUGA, thickness ; 'density. 

KOUHAGA (kouhaga), the height of the leg. 2. 
The articulation of the two large bones in the 

KOUHATA {kouhata)j said of a roof not having 
gable ends. 2. A piece of wood on which to 
place *or suspend food. Cf. ata, hatahata^ 
koatUj kohata. 

KOUHAU, to rule one's own actions and will. 
2. To arrange ; to put in order. Cf . hau. 

KOU H EVA (kouheva)^ the same as koueva, 

KOU HOE {kouh()e)y food laid aside as a reserve 

KOUHORA (kouJu^ra), a mat made with very 
large meshes. 

KOUIKA (k(mika), a shoal of fish. Cf. ika. 

[JKOUKAU, to wash in fresh water. Plural 
kokaukau. Cf. kau. 

Aka-koukau, to pour water over the hands. 

KOUMATUA {koumatua)t an old man; an old 
person. Aged ; ancient. Cf. aka-koromatua, 

KOUMEA {koum^a)j the bone of the jaw. 2. 
The part between the jaw and the chin. 3. 
The under part of the chin, said of men, 
fish, &G. 4. The lower jaw. I te koumea 
anake ; It has not been voluntary. 

Aka-koumea, to hold conference with a person. 
2. To commence to ripen, said only of 
pandanus fruit. 

KOUMIRO {koum)ro)y cotton; the cotton plant. 

KOU N ATI (kounhti)y a piece of wood which is 
rubbed to produce fire. See kourima. 

KOUNE {koune)y the season of the year about 

KOUNU (kounu), a pledge or present given to 
parents of a child about to be born that the 
child shall hereafter sleep with the person 
making the present. 2. To allot or destine 
a thing for a certain person. 3. Anything 
given ; a present. Plural kounuunu. 

KOUNUUNU (kohnuumi)j the time of year about 

KOUPU (koh-pu)^ finished before the time, said 
of a distribution of food, <fec., where everyone 
present has not received a portion. Cf. kmi. 
Plural koukou pu (kbukhuph), 

KOU RA (koura)^ to throw a lance. 2. To embark 
on a small canoe. 

KOURAMARAMA, to give light to. A light; a 
night-light (floating wick). 2. Great bright- 
ness proceeding from torches. Cf. ramat 
kararrmramay marama. 

KOU R EPA (koxirlpa)y feebleness; langour. To 
be feeble ; deficient in force. 

Koureparaga (koureparaga)^ feebleness of body. 

Akakourepa {aka-kourepa) ^ to enfeeble. Plura 
aka-koukourepa (aka-koukour^pa). 





KOURJ, a kind of bread-frait which is easily 
detached from the core. 2. Half -cooked ; 
hard in the oven. Cf . koari. 

KOURI (koUri), a valuable species of bread-fruit. 

KOURIMA (kounma), a piece of wood with which 
to rub the kounati to procure fire. Cf. 
kounati, rima. 

KOURU (kouru)., the stem of a plant of which 
the root is cooked and eaten in times of 
scarcity and famine. 

KOUTAKA (koutaka)y to spend one's time in 
coming and going. Cf. taka. 

KOUTE (koiite), the name of a herb. 2. The 
China-rose (or blacking-plant as it is some- 
times called). 

KOUTO {kouto)y a small pit (store) of extra good 
food, looked after with special care. 

KOUTOKI {koutbki)j the handle of an axe or 

KOUTU, a small piece of soft and pliant cloth or 
stuff. 2. A short garment. 

KOUTU (koutu)y the encroachment of land on 
the sea ; reclamation. 2. A oape ; promon* 
tory. Cf. koana-koutu, 

KOUTU HAGA, to be wise ; prudent. 

KOUTU-PIRO (koutu-piro)t the name of an en- 
croachment of land on water at Bikitea. 

KOVAHA (kovaha)y a small space between two 
bodies. Cf. vafuij kouaha^ and kovara. Plural 
kovahavaha (kovahxivaha). 

KOVAKEURA {kovaketira)yi\iQ name of a small 
crustacean of the lobster family. Cf. ura. 

KOVARA (kovara), a small interval; a small 
space. 2. Not to be joined ; not meeting. 3. 
To be daylight; to be light. Cf. kavaha. 
Plural kovara vara (kovaravara), 

Akakovara (aka-kovara), to open a little. Aka- 
kovaravara (aka-kovaravara), plural of the 
action ; aka-kokovara (aka-kokovara), plural 
of the subject. 

KOVERA {kovera)y fruit bruised by wind against 
branches ; burnt up ; abortive. Cf. vera. 

KOVEU {koveu)j a crayfish that lives on the 
pandanus tree. 

KOV I HI, to be radiant; shining, Plural kovihi- 

KOVIU, a semicircular figure formed by the 
quickness of anything that stirs or moves in 
swinging round. 2. A quadrant, the fourth 
part of a circle. 

Koviuviu {koTluvlu)y to make a staff or rod 
twist round and execute flourishes. 2. The 
figure made by a lighted firebrand when it is 
swung with rapidity. 

KUj an exclamation ; a cry used when one has 
hit the mark aimed at. 

KU (kh)j a case-ending of the pronoun au, I or 
me : as 7io ku^ mine ; kia kuj to me. 2. A 
sign of the past tense (see kua). 

KU (kh)y the name of a red fish. 

KU (ku), to be satiated ; glutted. Kuku {khku)t 
plural of the subject. 

Akaku (aka-ku), satiated ; to gorge oneself^ 2. 
To ripen, as fruit. Plural aka-kuku. "^ 

KUA, a particle denoting the passive, and used 
instead of ku before some verbs. 2. A cry 
announcing that one has hit the mark. See 
ku and kukua. 

KUANE (ktiam), a spirit. 2. The soul. Cf. 
kuhane, 3. A shadow ; a shade. 

KUARE (kuJare), clumsy ; inexpert ; unfit ; 

KUE (khe), to moan and lament on account of 
the death of a person. 2. To regret. Kuekue 
(kUekue), plural of the action ; to often regret 
with tears and words of sorrow. 

Kueraga {kueraga)^ weeping for the dead ; 

KUENE (kulne), to approach; to draw closer. 
2. To reject a thing. 3. To cease ; to leave 
off. 4. To pull back ; to draw oneself back; 
to recoil. 6. To leap with a pole. 

KUETE {kuete)j to be frightened; to tremble. 
2. To shiver with cold or fear. 3. To have 
the skin frozen with cold. Plural kukuete 

KUHA {kuha)^ to regret ; to mourn for. 

KU HA, to be in deadly fear. 

KUHANE {kuhane), a spirit ; a soul that returns 
to earth. 2. The names of mythical birds 
of melodious song. 3. A large butterfly. Cf. 

KUHATA (kuhata), a feeling of nausea; inclina- 
tion to vomit. See aka-kuata. 

KUHENU, slack; loose; not extended or 
stretched. Plural kuhenuhenu (kuH^nuhenu). 

Aka-kuhenu, to bend about; to make flexible; 
to relax. Plural aka - kuhenuhenu {aka- 
kufienuhenu), Aka-kuhenu- mat, slacken a 
little ; let it come a little. 

KUI {kui)y a mother. See next word. 

KUIITI (kUi-'iti)f an aunt. See kui and iti, 

KUKA {kuka)y a man of short stature, but who 
is strong and carries himself well. 

KUKA KUKA {kukakuka)^ paste made of poor 
abortive fruit mixed with good. 

Akaku kakuka (aka-kukakuka)^ to make bad 
food better by mixing some good with it. 

KUKINA (kukina), the noise in the gullet when 
one swallows with difficulty. Plural kukina- 
kina (kuhlnakina), Cf. next word. 

KUKIORA, the noise a person makes in swal- 
lowing food. Cf. kukina, 

KUKU (kuku)f see under ku, 

lUKU (kukU)j the name of a land-bird. 2. A 
I piece of mother-of-pearl used as a tool in 
I doing leaf-work (at thatching, making fillets 
* for driving fish, &c.). Cf. matekuku, 8. To 

lie down ; to sleep. 4. To twist ; to wring. 

See kukua. 

KUKU, to arrive by land in a place which is the 
home of others. It is not used except of 
strangers to the place, to the home, or to the 

Aka-kuku, arrived. Only said of persons or 
things that are many. 




KUKUA, to make an effort ; to snrmount a 
diflBculty. 2. The imperative of kuku^ to 
twist ; kukua I twist it ! 

KUKUI, to wipe ; to wipe off. 
KUKUIHU (ikiift«4/»u), fatiguing work ; exhaust- 
ing labour. 

KUKUKUKU (kiikukhka), the name of a shell-fish. 

KUKUMU (kukumn), to close or cover the mouth 
with the hand. 2. To have the knees drawn 
up against the chest when one is sitting on 
his heels. 3. To shut. 4. To press ; to 
squeeze. 5. To shut the mouth. 6. To dose 
the fist. Cf. kokumu. 

KUKUOROIU, a remnant ; remainder. 

KUKUORORAQI, a pigeon ; dove. 

KUKURUTU (kukuTutu). bread-fruit that is very 
small, very round, and easy to cook. Cf. 

KUMARA (kumlara), the sweet potato. 2. Beard- 

KUMARAKUMIKUMI (kumara-kimikumt), beard- 
less ; without any sign of a beard. 

KUME (kiime), to pull; to draw. 2. To be in 
agony. Plural kumekume (kumekume), Cf. 

Kumega (kum^ga), the action of pulling ; draw- 
ing or attracting towards one. Cf. kumega- 

Kumekume {kumekume), to pull ; to draw out ; 
to stretch ; to lengthen. 

KUMEGAKAKI (kum^ga-kaki), said of a man who 
is dead. Cf. kume and kaki. 

KUMEROA (kumerba), a long agony. 2. To draw 
out; to extend; lengthen. 3. To retard; to 
delay; to '*draw out the time." Cf. kume 
and roa. 

KUMETE (kumete)y a bowl ; a trough ; a kneading 

KUMi (kumi), ten fathoms long ; ten armspans 
long (60 feet). 2. The name of a fish. 

KUMIA {kumia), the name of a fish. 

KUMIKUMI, to plait ; to form plaits. 

KUMI KUMI (kumikumi), the beard. 

KUMU (kumu)j the fist; the closed hand Said 
also of a kind of food served in portions about 
the size of a fist. 

KUMUKUMU (kumukumn), to prepare small por- 
tions of food pressed with the hand. 2. To 
heap ; to pile up. 3. To make food up into 
a parcel for carriage. 4. The noise of fowls 
when they are brooding on the nest. 5. The 
noise of pigs. 6. A dull heavy sound. 7. 
The cry of a fish. 

KUMUOUPO (kumu-oupo), to take breath ; to 
respire deeply ; to relieve the labouring heart. 

KUNE {kune)y to conceive, to become pregnant, 
of women. Also said of animals. 

Kunega (kunlga), conception, said of the time 
when impregnation of the female takes place. 

KUOGA (kuoga), provision ; necessary things in 
a household. 

KUOKUO (kuokm)^ white ; to be white. 


Aka-kuokuo, to make white; to make clean and 

KUOTI (ku-oti), it is finished ; it is enough ; 
done. Cf. oti, 

KUPARU (kuphru), to thrive and grow fast, said 
of children and youths. 

Kuparuparu (kap^ruparu), to be vigorous, full 
of life, said of plants, &q. 

KUPEQA (kup^ga)j a net ; a fishing-net. 

KUPERU (kupiru), the breasts ; teats. 

KUPORU (kuphru), in great quantity, only said 
of bread-fruit. 

KUPU (kupu), a curse; an imprecation. To 
speak words of spits or hatred. To ask in a 
rage for a persoirs entrails or liver. Kupu- 
kupu (kupukupu), plural of the action. 

KURA (/cura), divine ; celestial 2. Boyal; per- 
taining to princes. 3. Excellent; valuable; 
esteemed. Said of beautiful things, precious 
goods, treasures, anything remarkable for its 
good quality or rarity. Cf . atakurakura^ eke- 
kura, pxtakura, vakakura. 4. A fine man. 
5. "Red, Cf . erikikura. 6. A bird whose 
red feathers are made into royal mantles. 7. 

Kurakura {khrakhra), bright red; scarlet. 2. 
A faint yellow colour ; a dull yellow. 

Akakura (aka-khra), to paint or dye red. 2. 
The lower belly ; the abdomen. 3. The penis 
of a man. 4. To take a large quantity of 
food out of the native oven. 5. To make 
a great distribution of food. Plural aka- 
kurakura {aka-kurakhra). 

Akakurakura (aka-khrakUra), spotted or patched 
with red. 

KURAAEHAE (khraaehae), chequered with red. 
Cf. kitra, 

KURAATUMA {khreiatuma), reddish-brown. 

KURAKAKA {kiirakaka), scarlet; bright red. 

KURAKONANE {khrakomne), a species of sugar- 
cane mottled with different colours. Cf. 
komne, 2. Blended colours, of which the 
predominant tone is red. 

KURAKOTIKOTI {khrakotikrni), red streaked with 
other colours. 

KURAKURA (kurakura), see under kura. 

KURAKURANUI (kurakura-nui), vivid red ; scar- 

KURAMAPU (kuramapu), a kmd of wild cabbage. 
2. Taro. 

KURAMEA (kuram^ta), a divine thing; sacred. 
See kura and mea, 

KURAMEITI (kurameUi), very precious ; price- 
less. 2. Picked out with red. 3. A man of 
unusual honesty and uprightness. 

KURANUNUI {kuranunui), scarlet; bright red. 
Cf. kurakuranui. 

KURAREQAREQA, orange coloured. 

KURARIKI, said of the eldest son or eldest 
daughter. Cf. kura and akariki. 

KURATOPITIPITI, anything red falling in drops, 
as blood. Cf. kura and topiti. 




KURE, a great talker ; a babbler. 

Kurekure, a very great talker ; a continual 
Kureraga (kuremga), loquacity ; babblings. 

KURI (kliri), a dog. Also applied (modern) to a 

KURI KURI (kurikuri), the noise of a piece of 
wood or iron rubbing on another piece of 
wood or notched iron. 2. To play a blindfold 
game, " cat and rat." 

KURIO (kurio), the name of a large caterpillar. 

KURIRI (kurin), to cry; to weep; said only of 
children. 2. An orphan. 

KURU (kuru), to break in falling. Plural kuru- 
kuru {kurukuru). 

KURUOE {ktirune), an edible paste made of 
abortive bread-fruits. 

KURUTARA (khrutara), jpread-fruits which have 
roughened skins. Cf. tara. 

KUTETE (kutHe), to shiver with cold ; to tremble 
with fear. 

Kutetetete (kutetetete), to shiver very much with 

KUTU (katu), a louse, 

2. (Fig.) A very small 

KUTUIVA {kutu-iva), a white louse. 
KUTUMAORI (kutu-maori), a grey louse. 
KUVAKORU, the name o^a tree. 


A (wwt), for. Used concerning food, clothes ; 
husband and wife; as "the share of." 2. A 
sign of the future tense. 3. An expression 
used for "eldest son" : Te ma Ragi,' the 
eldest son of Bagi. 4. Bread-fruit or taro 
reduced to paste or porridge and fermented in 
the ground. Cf. maa. 6. Curdled ; clotted ; 
frozen. 6. To fade ; to lose colour. Cf . jnae. 

Mama {mama and mama), see mam>a. 

Aka-ma, shame; bashfulness; modesty. To 
be modest ; shy. Bespect for others. 2. A 
ypung girl who shrinks from the gaze of a 
a young man ; and vice-versa. 

MAA, bread-fruit or taro reduced to paste and 
fermented in the ground. Cf. ma. 

MA AN A (vidana), heat ; warmth. 2. Clothes ; 
made-up stuff or cloth. Cf. mahana. 

Maanaana (maanaana), a gentle warmth; slight 

Aka-maana, heated up again, as food ; cooked 
a second time. 

MAANARAVANOA (maana-raim-noa), to be found 
carrying one's garments. 

MAARO, a girdle ; loincloth. Cf. maro. 

MAATU, see oko-Ttmatu. 

MAE (wiae), to bleach ; to become wan. Cf. ma. 
2. To fade ; to wither ; to be blighted. Cf. 

Mamae (mamue), to fade away. 2. Plural of 
mae. See under mamae. 

Akamae (aka-mhe), to cause to fade ; to blight ; 
to humiliate. Aka-maemae (aka-m^aemae), 
plural of the action ; A ka- mamae, plural of 
the subject. 

MAEA (maea), to leave one's food to eat that of 
other people. 

MAEA MA, see under maramM, "days of 

MAEHUA [Tnaehua), a "stone's throw"; 
space over which a stone can be thrown. 

MA El El {maeiei)t to relieve another's pain or 
embarrassment ; relief ; refreshment ; renova- 



Aka-maeiel, to console ; to comfort. . 

MAEMAE (mae mae), the name of a small fish. 

MA EVA (ma^va), to tear a garment at the bottom 
or edge. Plural maevaeva (maevaeva). 

Maevaeva (maevaeva)., old torn clothes; hanging 

MAGA (inaga), a mountain. Cf. mou, vaimaga. 

2. A mouthful. 3. A prop, support, or other 
means used to keep soil or earth in place. 4. 
A branch. 5. A tree with one, two, three, 
Ac, divisions or branches, named maga tahi, 
maga rua, &c. 6. Forked; divided. Plural 
magamaga (vwgamaga). 

Magaga (magaga), the fork of the body near the 

Magamaga {niaganiaga), forkings ; divisions 
into branches. 

Akamaga, to be forked ; to make forked. 2. 
To have diluted the paste (see maa) badly. 

3. To make separate and private cultivations 
scattered here and there in the mountains. 

I^ka-magamaga, to rough-hew or draft the out- 
J line of a fish-hook ; to make the first steps 

I / towards cutting out the shape of the native 
I fish-hook. 2. To make branched. 3. To- 

/ begin making a mat. 

Mamaga (mamaga), ripe, said only of a bunch 
of pandanus fruit. 2. Open, applied to the 
forkings of the fingers or toes, also of the 
hands stretched out, opened. 3. Anything 
left alone ; not worth troubling about. 

Aka-mamaga, to take one's ease ; to stretch out 
the arms and legs. 2. To refresh oneself. 3. 
To draw a deep breath. 

MAGAGAKOKARO (magaga-kokaro), the junction 
of the buttocks with the hip-bone. Cf . magaga 
and kokaro). 

MAGA IK A, a sentinel who keeps watch over the 
high pass in the mountain. 

MAGAKAVA (magakava), said of a child who al- 
ways remains with his adoptive parents and 
does not return to his own father. 





M AGAR EVA, the name of the archipelago of 
Mangareva, and also of the chief island. The 
chief island is called by the French St. Michel. 

MAGARO (mayaro), courteous ; pleasant ; of easy 
manners. 2. Peaceful ; quiet. 3. Of an 
agreeable flavour, said of food. 

Magarogaro {magarogaro)^ lacking in sharpness 
to the taste ; insipid f not sufficiently piquant. 
2. Brackish water. 

Aka-magaro, to render soft. 2. To soothe ; 
appease. '6. To bend. 4. To tame ; to render 
quiet ; to become accustomed. 

MAGO, first; chief. 

MAGO (mago)y a shark. Cf. anemago. 

Magogo, a small shark. 

Magomago (magaimgo), a small shark. 

MAGUGU, the name of breakers to S.W. of 
Kamaka. '' 

MAGUGUGUGU (magugugUgii), dry, said of food 
lacking moisture. 

MAHA (maha), the name of a fish. 

MAHA (maha) J to arise ; to get up. To stand or 
sit down after sleeping. 

Mahamaha, light, lacking substance or nourish- 
ment, said of food. 

Mamaha (tiutnuiha), troubles that are light and 
passing; that are diminishing. 2. To be 
consoled ; eased from pain. 

MAHA EGA hnahaega)^ an explanation of words 
not understood. 

M AH AG A (mahaga)y twins, said of human beings 

MAHAHU (nuihahu)^ nourishing food made of 

MAHAKAMAHA (nuihakarmha), suddenly; unex- 
pectedly. 2. Little by httle ; insensibly ; 
without bein^ noticed. 

MAHAKI (inahaki)j easily detached; likely to 
fall; said of fruiP;, Only adhering slightly; 
the opposite to uka. Plural mahakihaki (ma- 

MAN AN A, warm ; warm, of clothes. Warmed 
up again ; cooked a second time : as food. 
Cf. maana. 2. Warm, said of persons 
arriving, as absent people are said to be 
cold (see makariri). Cf. hahana and mohana. 

MAN AN I (mahani)y a seam in a piece of stuff or 
cloth ; a joining of native bark cloth. 

Mahanihani (mahanihani)^ smooth ; even ; 
polished ; only said of a man who sleeping 
on a mat feels that it gives a sensation of 
polish to his skin. 

MAHAPU, indigestion. Cf. pukua. 

MAHAROHARO (mahhrohhro), to have predi- 
lections or bias ; not to be impartial in judg- 
ment. 2. Difference : Kakore te maharoharo^ 
There is no difference. 

MAHARO, to praise; to vaunt. Plural maharo- 
haro (mahhrohhro). 

Maharoaga, praise; commendation. 
Maharoga, praise ; commendation. 

MAHATU {niahatu)y twisted; frizzly; said only 
of the hair. Cf. hatu. 

MAHAUKORI {mahxiukori), a kind of crayfish. 

MAN ERE [mahere), offences; injury byword or 
action. . 

MAHETU (mah€tu)j the name of a plant. 
MAN I KG, to disappear rapidly. 
Mahikoraga, disappearance in a rapid way. 
MAN I KOMI KG {mahikoJiiko), the evening twilight. 

MAN I MAN I (nuihwicihi), cooked food kept till the 
next day to make it better. 

MAN IN A, light; not dark; the light. Cf. nia- 
hinatea, hina^ and maina. 

MAHINATEA, the light; daylight. Cf. mahina- 
teuy and mainatea. 

MAHINUI {mcchi-nui), the great octopus. Aka- 
niahi : Let it alone ! Said of the tentacles of 
a newly-caught octopus. 

MAHITIHITI (viahltihiti)y to gush out, sard of 
water and other liquids. Plural mamahiti. 

Mahitihitiraga (mahltiHtiraga), a gushing out 
of water. 

MA HOI, a South Sea Islander. Cf. Moon. 

MA MORA {mah(>ra)f to spread; to stretch out; 
said of persons and of timber, also of beds 
spread out and roofs having little slope. 

Mahorahora (mahbrahbra), level ; flat ; without 

MAHU (nicihu), a strong pleasant odour that 
comes from afar ; to smell such an odour. Cf. 

MANURE ('inahUre)^ a cutaneous disease. 

MAN DRUG (mahuruo), clumsy ; inexpert- 2. 
Ignorant ; useless. 

MAHUTIHUTI (malmtihuti)^ pain from having 
one's hair pulled. 

MAI (tmi)j towards. Signifies approach to the 
person speaking ; the reverse of atUy away. O 
mat : Give to me. 2. Poor ; bad ; said of 
faded or tasteless things. Cf. viae, 

MAI, to drink salt-water. 

MAIATU, a stubborn, rebellious person. 

MAIKA, a crack ; a chap on the foot, &c. 

MAI MINI (maWhtjj to slightly smell someone's 
skin disease while at work. 

MAI MAI, cold food (paste, see 7naa). 

MAINA, the moon. 2. Moonlight. Cf. hina^ 

MAINATEA (malna-tea)y the light from sun or 
moon, or from a fire. Cf. mahinatea. 

MAITO (maltoji said of new garments without 
stains or rents. 

IMAITOITO, the name of a fish that takes the 
'■ hook kavei. Cf. ito. 

MAIYAI, insipid to the taste. 

MAKA {hmka), a sling. (Mbdern, a gun or 

MAKA (makci), a shoot or sprout growing on the 
trunk or large branches of a tree ; the bark is 
used for making cords and nets. 


Maka 44 

MAKA, fine; light. Uamaka: Fine rain. 

MAKAHAU, the ahu or ripe white wood on which 
good bark grows. 

MAKAKAINUKU, a dark place on the moon. 
There are two of these, Manu^oho-tara and 
Maka-kai-nuku. They are supposed to be 
fixed on the moon. 

MA KAMA; promptly ; with rapidity. An ex- 
clamation, Makavia ! With what rapidity 1 

MAKAPU, a rocky islet to the south of Akamaru^ 

MAKARA (makara)^ to think; to form a picture 
in the mind. Makarakara (nmkarakcira) 
plural of the action ; mamakara, plural of 
the subject. 

Akamakara (aka-makara), to think ; to medi- 
tate ; to ruminate over. Plural aka-makara- 
kara (aka-makarakara). 

Makaraga (nvakaraga)^ a thought ; a mental 
image ; an idea. 

Makararaga (makararaga), a thought; a mental 
image ; an idea. 

MAKAREU, the name of a fish. 

MAKARIRi (makafiri)^ to be cold. 2. Luke- 
warm ; indifferent ; inactive ; perfunctory. 
3. To regret the absence of another person. 4. 
To be cold in manner when a stranger or un- 
welcome guest appears. 5. Shivering or 
trembling caused by fear. 6. Cold, said of 
absent persons (as mahanai warm, is said of 
those arriving). 

Makamakariri (rmkanw.kanri)y a diminutive of 

Akamakariri (aka-ntakariri), to make cold; to 
leave a warm thing till it gets cold. Aka- 
makamakariri denotes stronger action than 

MAKARO, the limited view of a man who cannot 
see far ; short-sight. 2. One who is dim- 
sighted. Gf. kakaro. Plural makarokaro 

MAKAROA (makaroa), the name of an islet to 
the S.W. of Akamaru. 

MAKATUHA (inakatUha)^ to distribute ; to divide 
into portions for those present and those ab- 
sent. Makamakatuha (makaimkatUha), plural 
of the action ; mamakatuha, plural of the sub- 

MAKAUEA (makaueaV to be fatigued; weary. 
Cf. aka-makau. Plural makaukauea {inakau- 

Makaueraga (makaueraga), fatigue ; weariness^ 

M AKAVE {makave)y straw of ; filament of ; thread 
of coco-nut fibre. Small thread-like filaments 
of plants. 

Makavekave imakavekave)^ a downpour of heavy 
rain which m the air looks like threads. 

MAKETA {maketa)j loose; not close together. 
2. Dried up; desiccated. Maketaketa^ a 
diminutive of nmketa, 

M AKI {niakt)t an ill ; a wound ; a «ore place. 2. 
An evil ; a fault. Maki marict to commit a 


Akamaki (a/ca-ma A;t), to spoil; to ruin ; to dis- 
honour. 2. To make a thing imperfectly. 
3. To wound. Aka-makimaki {aka-n^mki- 
maki)t plural of the action ; aka - ma^maki 
(aka-mamaki), plural of the subject. i 

Makimaki, cool; stale; food that has-been 
cooked for some days. 2. Some small ill ; a 
petty annoyance. , / 

MAKI HA {7naklha)j the commencement jot fine 
weather, with 'blue sky after rain. Mmkiliaga 
te ragif the weather begins to be good again. 
Makihaklha, a diminutive of maklha. , 

MAKIKAIROTO {maki-kai-roto)y a wound/difficult 
to heal. i 

MAKIRIKIRi {maktnklri), to make littlie balls of 
paste (see nia) for cooking. Cf. kiriliin. 

MAKIRiPU (makifipU)^ viaa (paste) pou tided with 
a pestle. ' 

MAKIU (maktu)y ten thousand. 

Makiukiu (maktukru)^ twenty thousand. 

MAKO, dry; arid. 2. Paralysed. 

MAKONA (makbna)^ satisfied; satiatM. Plural 
makonakona {makbnakona), ^ 

Akamakona {aka - makona)^ to be satiated ; 
glutted; gorged. ; 

MAKOREKORE {makorek'bre)^ an immense 
number ; indefinitely large. 

MAKOROMIHAMIHA {makoro - mlhamVia), the 
name of a caterpillar. 

MAKOU, suspicion; surmise. To suspect; 
surmise. / 

MAKU (as moist), see aomaku, aka-makuy aka- 


MAKU, *'for me," said concerning food and 

MAKUPUAI, the name of an evil deity. 

MAKU PUNA {iiiakuphna)i grandchild; great- 
nephew ; great-niece. ^-' 

MAKURU (makhru)y a freqi4ent fall of ripe fruit 
from the tree. 2. Th^i which flows easily; 
one who weeps easily.' 3. To make a failure 
of a speech. 

Makurukuru {makurukhru)^ a frequent dropping 
of tears, said of tears only. 

Akamakurukuru (aka-makUrukUru), to allow to 
fall. 2. To fall often at short intervals, as 
rain, <&c. 

MAKUVAVA (itvakuvava)^ pierced ; with openings 
here and there. 2. A thing lost and not worth 
troubling about ; a thing fallen into the water. 

MAMA, light ; not heavy ; to be of little weight. 
2. To be relieved ; to be eased ; to be lightened ; 
to be delivered from a burden, or a pain. Cf. 

Aka-mama, to lighten; to render lighter. 2. 
To console ; to relieve. 3. To lower, as a sail. 

MAMA {nmma)^ to chew; to bruise with the 
teeth. Cf. aniama. 2. A thing which does 
not keep water in ; that leaks, as a gourd with 
a hole in it ; or that does not keep water out, 
as a broken canoe, or a roof that lets in the 
rain. 3. Not to speak clearly ; hard to under- 
stand. Plural, maroama (mcimcbma). 




Akamama {aka'-nia7Ma)y to be pierced ; to have 
droppings from an orifice; to drip. 2. To 
make water. 3. To crack ; to burst open. 4. 
To spoil ; to waste. 5. To be a worthless 
person ; a reprobate ; to conduct oneself 
badly. , . 

MAMA {Tnama), theoiame of a shell-fish. 

MAMAE (mam«e)— this word is probably cdn- 
neoted with mae^ to fade, wither, but has 
separate meanings from those given under 
mae — an evil; a malady; sorrow; suffering; 
to have an illness ; to be in pain. 

Mamaeraga (maniaeraga), the state of one in 
suffering or sorrow. 

Akamamae {aka-mamae)^ to cause to suffer ; to 
cause grief. 

MAM AG A (fnamaga)y see under maga. 

MAMAIA, to be mad ; foolish ; to rave. 

Akamamaia (aka-mamaia)y to drive one mad ; 
to madden. 

MAMAMUKURA (mamanu'kura)^ a species of 

MAMAO (mamao)t to go away ; withdraw. 

Aka-mamao, to send away; to put away; to 
dismiss. 2. To turn aside; to swerve; to 
deviate. 8. To go away ; to forsake ; to with- 

MAMARA {mamara), sharp in flavour ; acid. 
Piquant to the taste. 

Aka-mamara, to make sour or sharp ; to acidify. 

MAMARATEA (mamaratla), the name of a fish. 

MAMARI {mamari)y an egg. Mamari onu : a 
turtle's egg. 

MAMARI-PARAHA, a brooding hen. 

M AMARU, the name of a god. 2. The redness 
of the sky in whiph the god dwells. 

MAM ATA, pangs; anguish; suffering. 2. Sor- 
row. Cf. mata, 

MAMOI, mossy; covered with moss. Cf. moU 

Akamamoi (aka'mambi)^ moss-covered. 

MAMU (7mmu)y small shell-less snails that are 
found sticking to rocks. 2. A small insect 
that hides under leaves. 

MAMU (mamu), an exclamation; a cry uttered 
before a quarrel or combat commences. 

Akamamumamu (aka'mamuTmmu)^ to smack or 
click the lips several times. 

' MAMUENUA, the earth. Cf. enua. 2. k kind 
of insect. 

MAMUKAIQA, the earth. Cf. kaiga. 2. A kind 
of insect. 

MAMUMAANA, a land-snail. 

MAMURI, after ; to come after ; in the rear. Cf. 

MAMUTORENA (mamutttrhm)^ to be ignorant of 
the art of making mats. 

MAN A, to close; to close itself. Kua mana te 
kikOf te maki : The wound has closed itself. 

M\}iA4Mana)Jpovfeitul ; mighty. 2. Miraculous ; 
marvellous; supernatural. 3. Existence ; 
being. 4. ProVocation. 5. Divination ; fore- 
telling future Jvents. 6. A , q"f>i^- used in a 
game resembling hop-scotch. 7. To hold a 
higher card of the same suit. 

Managa (managa)^ a mighty action ; something 
marvellous and extraordinary. Also manega. 

Manamana (Tmnamana)^ to send to fetch any- 
thing without the consent or authority of its 
owner. 2. The conqueror in a race, competi- 
tion, or trial of skill. 

Mamana (maniana)^ to prevent one being em- 
ployed on certain duties ; to prohibit. 2. To 
respect oneself ; to respect each other. 

Aka-mana, to make powerful; to give authority 
to a person. 

Aka-manamana, to divine; to foretell. To 
propose to foretell. 

Manaraga (nianaraga)^ power; might. 2. 

MANAMANAUA (Tnanamanaua)^ many, said of 
forty persons and more. 

MANAVA (manava)y the interior, said of a man 
or thing, as of a calabash, a ditch, the space 
within four walls, &o. 2. Sentiment; the 
spirit or conscience ; the "inward man." 3. 
The belly ; the intestines. Cf. kohomanava, 

MANAVA-QARUA, a wicked heart ; a bad man. 

MANAVA-POA, seasickness. 

MANAVA-RATA, lascivious desires. Lustful; 

MANAVA-TIO, a wicked person — ** heart of tio" 
Cf. tioy a shell-fish. 

MANEGA (manega) f see managa^ under mana. 

MANEGA (manega) y the name of a fish. Cf. 

MANIA (//lania), slippery, but not with wet. 
Slippery, as a polished surface. Smooth ; 
sleek; glossy. 2. Begret for something lost 
or stolen. 3. To have missed one's mark; 
frustrated. 4. A sensual feeling ; involuntary 
delight from sensual feeling. 

Maniania (m^imama), a setting on edge of the 
teeth, caused by tasting an acrid substance or 
by the gritting of one thing on another. 

MANIHANIHA, a fault; an error. Cf. numi- 

MANIKA, a plant or herb just showing above 

MAN I MAN I A (manimanta), a sin; a vice; a bad 
action. Cf . manihaniha and maniania, 

MANINI (manmi)j the name of a fish. 

Manininini, the name of a fish. 
MA NO (niano)y a thousand. Cf. manohu, 

Aka-mano, to count up to a thousand. 

MA NOG I (manogi)j a kind of net in the form of a 
bag. See aka-tutu^ under tu, 2. Entirely ; 

MANOHU, the people in the world; the whole 
population of the earth. Cf . Tnano and hu. 

Manono 46 


an echo. 

MANONO (wmn^/io), the dry trunk of the nono 

MANU (manu), a bird (generally). Cf. Jutremanu. 
2. A beast; an animal. 3. To have a sore 
mouth. 4. To have a feeling of nausea; to 
feel inclined to vomit. Bile ; biliousness. 

Manumanu {minmmnu), a very small insect 
which is seen clinching to branches or to 
matter in a state of fermentation. 2. A name 
given to little children. 

Aka-manumanu, tinted; shaded; drawn with 
little dots (like bird -pecks). 

MANUAHOTARA, see manuoliotara. 

MANUHI (Manuhtjj an inhabited islet of Manga- 

MANUHIRI (mmuhiri)y to play at blindman's-* 

MANUKAU {Manhkau)j the space between the 
two peaks of Mangareva. 

MANUKE (manuke), to be successful, to finish, 
to have got through the work, said concerning 
wood hard to cut, or of labour prolonged and 
diflQcult. 2. To yield, to acknowledge being 
beaten, convinced, only said' of obstinate 

MANUOHOTARA, see makakainuku, 

MAOA (mada) \ 

MACAO A (mahaha) j 

MAO MAO (maovmo), the name of a small fish. 

MAOPOPOA {maopopoa)j covered with wounds. 
2. Full of vices or faults. 

MAORA, to be spilt; to be shed. 2. To over- 
spread ; to overflow. 

MAORAORA, the same as nvaora. 

MAORI (mabri), belonging to the country; 
native. 2. One who belongs to the Poly- 
nesian race. 3. Boyal. Cf. vakamam'i, 4. 
The right ; right hand ; right side. 

MAPE (nuipe), the native chestnut tree. 

MAPO, anything which falls through age or 
decay. Food that is spoilt. 

MAPO (niapo)j rotten with dampness or with 
filth, said of clothes. 2. That which is not 
sticky or adhesive, said of paste. Mapomapo 
(map(miapo)f plural of action ; mamapo (rtia- 
mZtpo)y plural of the subject. 

MAPOAKAI (mapoakai), wounded, said if there 
are many wounds, together with internal 
bruises, but not if the interior is not bruised. 

* MAPU (niapu), the name of one kind of taro 
(Ardm esculentum). 2. The strong sigh of a 
fatigued person. Panting. Plural mapumapu. 

MAPU N A (rtiapuna)j steam; vapour; smoke 
rising in volumes. 2. Boiling. 

MA PURE, long-continued, uninterrupted, said 
of duration of weather. 2. Long, said of 
time* Kakore te koroio i mapure : The time 
has not been long. 

MARA (mcLra)y open land; a cultivated field ; a 
planted plot of ground. 

MARA, unhappy; dispirited. Ct mamara, 

MARAE(mame), a sacrifice; offering. A festival 
of a god. First-fruits. 

MARAGA (maraga), a house of purification for 
the women. Stations ten days' journey 
apart. There were four of these stations, 
making" up the forty days' circuit. 

MARAGA,^coming, arriving, said of the coming 
of rain. 2. To fly here and there. 

MARAGA I (mnrapai), the south-east quarter. 2. 
The S.E. wiud. 

MARAKURAKU, the name of an islet to the 
E.N.E. of Mangareva. 

MA RAMA {marhma), wise; learned; instructed. 
Cf. Tnarama. 2. The operculum (lid or cap) 
of the sea-snail. 3. The moon. The days 
of the moon are named as follows : — 


Maeama-tai (maeama-tai) - 1st day 

Maeama-rua (maeama-ma) - 2nd ^ 

Maeama-toru {maeama-tfyru) - 3rd ,, 

Maeama-riro (maeama-rlro) - 4th „ 

Kore-tai (khre-tai) - - 5th „ 

Korekore-rua (korekhre-riia) - 6th „ 

Korekore-toru (korektyre-tbru) - 7th „ 

Korekore-kaha (kbrekbre-kaha) - 8th „ 

Oarl {pari) - - 9th „ 

Ohuina - - 10th „ 

Omaharu - - 11th „ 

Ohua (ohM) - - 12th „ 

Oetua (betua) - - 13th „ 

Ohotu (ohota) - - 14th „ 

Omaure {pmaure) - - 16th „ 

Ohiru (ohiru) - - 16th „ 

Opakau i^akau) • • 17th „ 

Omotohl (bmotbhi) - - 18th „ 

Korekore-tai (kbrekbre-tai) - 19th ^ 

Korekore-rua (KbrekTyre-rUa) - 20th „ 

Korekore-toru (librekbre-tbru) - 21st ,, 

Korekore-riro (mrrekbre'riro) - 22nd „ 

Vehi-tahi (vehi-tahi) - - 23rd ^ 

Vehi-rua (vlhi-rUa) • - 24th „ 

Vehi-toru (vlhi-tdru) - - 26th 

Vehi-riro (vlhi-riro) - - 26th 

Otane (otane) - - 27th 

Omouri {bmouri) - - 28th „ 

Ohoata (ohoata) - - 29th „ 

Tu-nui (tu-nui) - - 30th ^ 

MARAMA {mamma), the light; the daylight. 
To be daylight ; by day. Cf . ranuiy karama- 

MARAMARA (7?iara»iara), firewood; dry wood. 

MARAPE (marape), tattooed from head to foot. 

MARARA (inarara), a small parcel of food. 

MARARE (marare)y neglected ; not taken care of. 
Indiiferent. 2. To be stretched out, half 
asleep. 3. To fall down from weakness. 

Marareaga (m^rareaga), negligence ; careless- 

MARARI (marari)j the name of a fish. 

M A R A RO, lower ; below, Cf . raro, 

MARAROUIRI, much; very much. €f. mararo' 

MARAU, the name of a fish* 

MARAUTAGAROA, the name of a place at Riki' 
tea, near the king's house. 

MARAUTUKARO, the name of a fish* 

MARE (mare), in consideration of} through 
esteem for. 




flieiremeLre {m^reniare)t in consideration of affec- 
tion, position, relationship, &c. Said of 
parents, masters, (fee, in regard to their 
children or servants, and vice-versa. 2. A 
spendthrift ; a waster. 

Akamare (aka-mare)^ to favour ; to have 

MAREAKEIRA (mareakeira),\o usurp the author- 
ity of a father ; to take without one's father's 
leave. Mamareakeira (mamareakeira)^ plural- 
of the subject. 

MAREKU, feeble ; cast-down; dejected. 

MARERE (marhre), to fall little by little, said of 
a bag, of a parcel, of a tree. When used in 
regard to a mountain it means the fall of 
gravel and stones. . Cf. rere, irere. Marere- 
rere {marlrerere), plural of the action ; mama- 
rere (mamarere), plural of the subject. 

Aka-TTiarere, to allow to fall. 2. To infringe ; 
to violate law or custom. 

MARI, a quantity of mei (bread-fruit). Only 
used in regard to mei, . 

MARIARI (mariari), fresh, agreeable, as the air. 
2.. Clearness. 3. Glimmering light. Vai 
mariari, a pleasant turf-covered spot. 

Akamariari (aka-mariari), light of early morn- 
ing or evening; light from a email fire or 
feeble luminary. Cf. mariko and marikoi. 

MARIE, well; right; proper. In good terms; 
in favour. Pertinent ; seasonable ; fit for the 
purpose. Cf. maroi. 

MARIKO, that which is quickly seen ; beginning 
to come in sight. Cf. marikoi. 

Marikoriko (mankoriko)y commencing to appear. 
2. The dawn ; the morning twilight. 

MARIKOI, coming in sight; appearing. Cf. 
mariko and koi. 

MARIU, to be under an interdict or prohibition. 

MARIU {mariu), to wander here and there at 
random. 2. Not to understand. 

Mariuriu (marmriu)^ to wander about very 
much. The plural of the action. Mamariu 
(ffiawiarm), the plural of the subject. 

MARO {muro), a small girdle for hiding the 
sexual parts. Cf. tuiamaro, maaro, and 
amituiamaro. 2. A small bundle of pandanus 
leaves. 3. Hard; tough; obdurate. 4. 
Distance, either at land, sea, or in the air. 
■E hia maro no te ra : How high is the sun ? 

Maromapo (miaroTnaro)^ many little bundles or 

MAROI (marhi), "So much the better." "It 
will be welcome." 2. To thank, to express 
obligation. Maroi ! " Thank you." " It is 
well." Cf. marie. 

Maroiga {maroiga), thanks. 

MAROKIEKIE (maro/c^fi/cwj), textile stuff or native 
cloth, white and long, stretched by a cord 
along the ground. 

MAROMAROTAKI (maromarotaki), a long robe 
allowed to trail on the ground. 

MARORO (marhro), the flying-fish. 2. Cloth or 
fabric with which the head is covered, and 
which floats down the back. 

MAROROUIRI,mvich ; many. Plenty ; afiduenoe. 
Cf. mararouiri, 

MARU (as a deity, see mamaru), 

MARU, to tremble on hearing a very loud noise, 
as of thunder, &q. 

Maruraga (maruraga), tremblings of fear, 
caused by detonations or loud noises, as of 

MARURU, tremblings of the earth, or of a thing 
placed on an unsteady piece of wood. 2. A 
great noise; redoubled noise. 3. To shake 
anyone who sleeps, in order to awaken him. 
Cf. rwru, heheruru, heruru. 

MARU (wwfrM), shadow; obscurity. Leafage; 

' the shade of leaves and trees. Cf. tumaru. 
2. In the train or retinue of a noble. To 
have influence over one's chief or leader. 3. 
To be able to get or obtain anything, said of a 
person whose skill is in demaujd, or whose 
work is in fashion. 

Marumaru (murumaru), in the shadow of leaves. 
2. To be seductive in person — fair of face 
and figure. 

Akamaru (aka-m^ru), to shade, to overshadow. 
2. The name of one of the four inhabited 
islands of Mangareva. 

Aka-marumaru, to shade; to give shadow. 2. 
To protect ; a protector. 

Akamarumaru [aka-rmrumitLru), to overshadow 
(denoting longer action than aka-numt). 2. 
To console ; solace ; help. Consolation given 
by a parent to the eldest child. 

MARUATU, to disappear ; to vanish. 

MARUGA (marupa), the diaphragm; the large 
muscle separating the chest from the abdomen. 

MARUTOGA (maruCuja), to have hair standing 
out widely from the head ; not falling on 
the neck or shoulders. 2. Having hair that 
is uncombed. Marumarutoga (marumaru- 
thga), plural of the action; mamarutoga 
(mamiaruthga)y plural of the subject. 

MATA (mata), the face ; the features. The 
expression of the face. Cf. raemata. 2. The 
eye; the eyes. Cf. *atumata^ matakevo, tari-^ 
tarimata^ kaukaumaia, mataara. 3. The 
curved extremity of the fish-hook; the part 
seized by the fish. Cf. komata. 4. The front 
of a building. Cf. mata-hare. 5. Raw ; un- 
cooked. Cf. akatumata. 6. {Mata kupega) 
The mesh of a net. 

Matamata (ituttam^cta), the first to arrive, said 
of the first of a party of visitors. Cf . mata- 
hou and matahurahura. 2. Precursor; fore- 
runner. 3. At the head of a band of men. 
4. A drop of water. 

Akamata (aka-mata), to commence. 2. To set 
to work. 

Akamataga, commencement ; the beginning. 
Origin ; cause. 

MATAARA (mataara), not to be a sluggard; to 
be wide awake ; on the watch. Cf. viata and 

MATA ERE (mataere), the name of a fish. 

MATAQA-KIKO-ROA, to stretch out at full 
length ; to be spread out. 




MATAQATA-NOA, to appear in good health; 
with clear healthy eyes. 

MATAQI (viatagi)^ wind. Matagi-tuki-a-pau, a 
gale ; tempest. 

MATAQITA, wind turned in another direction by 
striking against a point of land. 

MATAHOU {TriataKcm), new. A novice; an in- 
experienced person. 2. Newly arrived. Cf. 
matahurahura^ hou^ and mata. Matamatahou 
{vihtamata?iou)y plural of the action ; mamata<> 
hou (riiamataht)u)t plural of the subject. 

MATAKEMATAKE (matake-mtitake), having dif- 
ferent features ; unlike in countenance. Cf . 
mata and ke. 

MATAHU, a crowd; an assembly. Cf. hu. 

MATAHUA (matahua), to contend for; to 
wrangle; to squabble. 2. To be adverse. 
Matamatahua (vmtamitahud)^ plural of the 
action ; mamatahua (mamatahua)^ plural of 

Matahuaraga (rmtahuaraga)^ a quarrel of 

MATAHU RA (matahura), the name of a fish. 

M ATAH U RAH U RA, the first to arrive. Cf . mata- 
hou and matamata (under viata). 

MATAHURUPA (imtahunvpa), lazy; weak, 
feeble of body ; fragile. 

Matahuruparaga (TmtahurTtparaga)^ inactivity; 

MATA I, by sea. Cf. ma and tai. 

MATA I (matai)^ to chap; to chink; to open; to 
gape; to be ajar. Mataitai, plural of the 
action ; mamatai, plural of the subject. 

Akamatai {aka-matai)^ to cause to gape; to 
cleave open. Aka-mataitai (aka-mataithi), 
plural of the action; aka-mamatai {aka- 
mamatai)j plural.of the subject. 

MATAIHU (m£Ltdlhu)t a cape; promontory. 
Plural matamataihu. Cf. ihu. 

MATAIHUTEA, the cape at the eastern extremity 
of Mangareva. 

MATAIORO, a pearl. 

MATAKA {mataka), the name of a fish. 

MATAKA (7nataka)y to open itself, to gape, to 
expand, said of shell-fish or of flower-buds. 
2. To blossom. Matakataka (matakataka), 
plural of the action ; mamataka {mamataka)^ 
plural of the subject. 

Akamataka (aka-mat^ka)^ to open, said of 
flowers and of bivalve shell-fish. A ka- mataka- 
taka (aka-m^takataka), plural of the action ; 
aka-mamatakaj plural of the subject. 

MATAKAIOUA (matakaioua)^ to gather fruits 
before they are ripe. 

MATAKAO (nuitakao)y first-fruits. Cf. kao and 
matikao. 2. Encroachment of land which at 
low tides is uncovered. 

MATAKATUI {Tnatakatui)^ a girdle of pandanus 

MATAKAVA (matakava), not to consort with ; 
to avoid the company of anyone, through 
rudeness or carelessness, To avoid familiarity ; 

to be timid or rude or sullen. Cf. mata and 
kava, Matakava atu^ matakava mat: To 
have malice one to another. 

MATAKEINAQA, an assembly; a congregation of 

MATAKEVO (mhtakevo), to be dim-sighted. 2. 
Squint-eyed. 3. One-eyed, 4. An eye ol 
which the pupil cannot be seen. Plural 
matakevokevo (matakhvok^vo). Cf. mata and 

MATAKIKONUI, easy to see; plainly to be 
observed. Cf. mata and kiko. 

MATAKITE {mhtaktte), an eye-witness. 2. To 
be present. Plural mamataklte {mamatakUe)^ 
Cf . m^ta and kite, 

Matakltera^a {mdtaktterciga), evidence; wit- 
ness; testunony. 

MATAKOMUA [matakomua), the first courses 
(menses) of a girl. Cf. mtta and matamua* 

MATAKORE (mcitakfyre), to shoot without taking 
aim. 2. To make a thing or work at any- 
thing without giving it proper attention. Cf. 
mata and kore, 

MATAKU (mataku), an exclamation of surprise: 
" Hillo ! " 

MATAKU (matdku), to be frightened, as of 
ghosts or dead people. Plural matakutaku. 

Akamataku (aka-m^Ltdku^y to inspire fear; to 
make afraid. Aka-matakutaku, plural of the 
action; aka-mamataku (aA:a-wia7?iafd*w), plural 
of the subject. 

MATAKUTAKUNOA (matdkutciku - noa), to be 
fearful; timorous. 

M ATA M ATA U A, drops of rain. Cf . muta and ua, 

MATAMUA, first ; premier. Cf. mata, mua, and 

MATAMURI,last. Ct mun. 

MATANEGANEQA {mditan^gan^ga), a smaU pole 
placed transversely in commencing the work 
of building a roof. It acts as a support for 
the bottom of the other small poles. Cf. 

MATANINININI (matantninini), to sleep. Cf. 
ninininL 2. To have a great desire for sleep ; 
to have the eyelids weighed down with drowsi- 

Matanlnininlraga (matan\nin\niraga), want of 

MATAOKO (matabko), bold; unabashed. Looking 
fearlessly and without casting down the eyes. 
Cf mata and oJto, 

MATA PAR A (wi^tapdra), the name of a fish. 

MATAPARAIRAI (mataparMrcti), having a flat 
face. Cf. parairai and mata. 

MATAPO {mAtapo)j blind. 2. Lacking in pene- 
tration and insight. Cf . mata and po, 

Aka-matapo, to blind ; to take away the sense 
of sight. 2. To hide the view. 

MATAPOHEPOHE, sore eyes; ophthalmia. Cf. 
pohepohe and mata, 

M ATA PU K U R EGA (matapukurega), a great crowd ; 
an immense assembly. 2. A festival. CI. 





MATAPURA, to have dust or other matter in the 
eyes. Cf. pura, 

MATARAU, the name of a fish. See raurauy a 

MATAREI (mhtarH)^ a small shoot or scion of 
banana, without leaves yet upon it. 

Matamatarei (mhtamhtarH), the same as viata- 

MATARIKI {matanki), the Pleiades. A con- 

MATARUA (matartio), the bone of the nose 
between the skull and the cartilaginous parts. 
2. The fork or division in a bone, as in the 
cervical vertebrae. 

MATARUA, false (" two-faced "). Cf. ma. 

MATATAGATA, the front of a building; the 
fa<?ade, 2. The front part of anything. 

MATATAI (mhtaiai)^ one-eyed; a one-eyed 
person. Cf. mata and t^hi. 

MATATAU [matatau)^ to suit each other; to 
agree well together. 2. People in the same 
condition or circumstance. Cf. tau. Plural 
matamatatatau (matamatatatau). 

MATAKA, a great assembly. Cf. matapukurega. 

MATATERE (matatere)y large; gross. Fat; 

Matateretere, a wanderer : vagabond. (The 
radical idea is " floating.") Cf. korae. 

MATATIARE (matatiare), a soft glance. 

MATATIORA (matatiTyraV dispersed ; not fixed. 
2. Looking right and left. 

MATATIROTIRO (matatirofiro), one who looks 
here and there ; attentive. Examining ; 
regarding carefully. Cf. matatirotiroi^ tiro. 

MATATIROTIROI, to measure anyone; to ex- 
amine a person's appearance or deportment 
carefully. To scrutinize ; a critical eye. Cf. 

MATATU (matat'u)^ the name of a fish. 

MATATUKE, that which makes the eyes large or 
wide open, such as anger, &c. Matatnketuke 
has same meaning. Cf. tukeniataj mata, tu, 
and ke. 

MATAU {matau), a hook ; a fish-hook. 2. A 
hook for catching men on the festival days. 

M AYA U {matau)y accustomed ; used to. Expert ; 
skilled. Cf. tau. 

Akamatau (aka-matau), to introduce a custom. 
2. To habituate ; to accustom. 

Akamatautau (aka-mathutau), to try to under- 
stand. Alta-mataugakore, a rogue ; a thief. 

MATAU A, to squabble; to wrangle; to dispute. 

MATAU IRA. {matautra)j to walk in front of a 
person ; to precede others on the march. 

MATAURURARI (mataitrurari), elevated; high; 
lofty ; grand. Only said of nobles and chiefs. 

MATAVAI, a sentinel ; one who watches or waits. 

MATAVAIKEU, the same as matavai. 

MATAVARE (rmtavare), blear-eyed. Cf. mata 
and vare. 


MATAVERIVERI (matavenvln), ugly; vile; 
worthless. Cf. veriveri. 

MATE (m^te), to be sick; ill. Cf. mateeva, 
mateoge. 2. Dead. 3. Love; ardent desire. 
To have passionate desire in a sensual way. 
Mamate {mam^te)s plural of the subject ; 
matemate-noa (imtemate-noa), plural of the 
action. See also below, under matematenoa. 

Matega (matlga), illness. 2. Dead ; death. 

Akamate (aka-imte), to kill ; to slay. 2. To 
make a person ill ; to sicken. 3. To flatter ; 
• to cajole. 

Akamatemate {aka-mhtemhte), to flatter; to 
tickle ; to praise, so as to obtain a thing from 
the person praised. 2. To court, to make 
love to a girl. 3. To caress ; fondle. 

Akamatematega (aka - m^temht^ga), flattery ; 

MATE El RUGA (vnate-ei-ruga), to wish to be 
thought highly of ; to be ambitious for place 
or honours. Cf . mhte and r^ga. 

MATE EVA (uruiteeva), the monthly courses 
(catamenia) of women. Cf. matehokapari. 

MATEHOKAPARI {matehdkapari), menstruation 
that is after the proper time. Cf. mateeva. 

MATEKOTEKO (matekottko), long and arduous 
work. Cf. tekoteko. 

IJMATEKUKU (matekuku), a nail; finger-nail; 
claw. Cf. kuku and matihiku. 

MATEMATENOA, sick ; iH. 2. See under mate, 
3. Pleasant agreeable conversation. 4. To 
cajole. 5. To fraternise. 

MATENOA (watg-w7)a), idle; lazy; slack in duty. 
Cf. mate and noa, 

MATEOGE (mate-oge), to be hungry; famishing. 
Cf. mate and oge. 

M.ATETEITO, one who is dead ; one who has 

MAT! HO, to spy; to act as a spy, either from 
curiosity or to try and find fault. Plural 
matihotiho. Cf. tihotiho. 

Matihoga (matihoga), the action of spying on a 
person ; espionage. 

MATIKAO (matikho), the toes; the fingers. 2. 
The fore-finger. Cf. kao, matakao, matikukUj 

MATIKE (matike), to assuage a malady; to 
relieve pain. 2. A wicked person who turns 
to a better life. 

MATIKIAPORI (matikihphri), the name of a 
small crayfish, resembling peikea. 

MAT! KUKU, a finger-nail; toe-nail; claw; 
talon. Cf. matekuku, matikao, kuku, kao, 

Akamatikuku (aka-matikuku), to put cuffs below 

MATIN! (matitii), formerly; in old times; a long 
time previous. Matiniatu, in times exceed- 
ingly remote; ancient. Matiniatum^atiniatu, 
the longest conceivable time ago. Cf. tint. 

MATIRO (matiro), to examine; to look closely ; 
to stare ; to inspect. Matipotiro, plural of the 
action. Cf. matatirotiro, tirotiro, 

MATIRO I (matirdi), a hard calabash. 





MATITAIARAKURA, ofae who is flung up very 
high (in the dance or game of rama). 

MATORU (ma t?)rM), thick; gross; torpid; heavy; 
dull. Of. ragimatoru. 

Matorutoru {mathruthru)^ as raatoru^ but more 
intense. Thicker, grosser than matoru, 2. 
Cramp ; numbness. 

Akamatoru (aka-matbru), to thicken ; to make 
grosser ; to make strong. 

Akamatorutoru (aka-matbrutoru)^ to benumb a 
limb ; to dull. 

Matopuraga (matbrurhga)^ thickness; gross- 

MATORU A BAR I (mat'bruarari)^ to heap up so as 
to make a very large heap. 

MATOU, we (we, excluding the person addressed). 

MATU {mhtu), let us go (especially said by one 
who proposes following others gone before). 

MATUA (maftuL), a superintendent ; overseer. 
A man of business ; a man of the world. Of. 

MATU All. to go to the other side of an island or 
other object ; to travel round. 

MATUKU, the name of a fish. 

MATURAU, the name of a fish. 

MAU irnhu), true; correct. 2. Fixed; firm; 
stable. 8. To be' at anchor. 4. To hold. 
Of. tamau, 6. To seize. 6. To practise ; 

Mauga {mauga), all that poes to make a thing 
firm and stable. 2. The base. 3. Care ; 
fostering'attention. 4. Hold ; grip. 

Maumau {maumau)^ to hold firmly to. 

Mamau (maniau), to be at anchor (only used 
in the plural). 

Aka-mau (aka-mhu), to fix ; consolidate ; to 
assure. 2. To lower the anchor ; to anchor. 

MAUI, the god who fished up the earth, uplifted 
the sky, and bound the sun in bonds of hair. 

MAUIUI (maiimi), a flea. 

MAUKAUKA (maukauka), food that is hard and 
difiBcult to masticate. Gf. uka. 

MAUKIKIA (maukik^a), to hold firmly; to be 
firm ; solid. Cf. mau and kikia. 

Akamaukikia {aka-maukikia)j to tie ; to fix 
firmly; strongly; solidly. 

MAUMAUIRI, to come together in a crowd. 

MAUNU (maunu)t dry leaves on a tree that is 

Akamaunu (aka-maunu), to dry up ; to become 

MAUOHO, refreshing ; stimulating ; said of food. 

MAU PU, indigestion. 

MAU-RA-KE, another day; another time; later 

MA-UTA, by land. 

MAUTAI, the greater part; the majority. The 

MAVAVA {mavava)y steam ; vapour rising from 
a native oven. 2., Perspiration. 3. That 
which has lost its heat. 4. To come out or 
issue crossways ; to deviate. 5. To transpire. 

Mavavavava {mavavavava)^ a wind that enters 
freely into a house through many chinks and 

MAVERA, dazzling. Cf. vera. 

MAVOVO, to ring in the ears ; to resound. 2. 
Unity of sounds ; unison. Cf. vovo, 

ME (m^), and. 2. As ; like; so. 3. With ; for. 
4. What P 

M ^A {m^a) a thing. Cf . emea, 2. Such ; such 
an one. 3. Because ; on account of. 4. 
Seeing that ; since. 6. As a particle placed 
before a verb it signifies the past tense or past 
participle ; before a noun it implies a diminu- 
tive ; before an adjective it corresponds to 
*'It is," as, mea makariri, it is cold: mea 
mataj it is uncooked. 6. Mea is also used in 
place of another word one cannot remember 
or the name of which one does not wish to 
repeat, in the sense of, ** Bring the * thing ' 
with you," or as we say colloquially ** the 
thin(;um-a-bob," *' What's his name," mea- 
vieanoa^ it doesn't matter. 

Memea (memJta), Why P Wherefore P 

Aka-mea, "Show him"; "Teach him." 
Favour ; assist him. 

Akameaga (aka-m^aga), to pretend ; to assume 
the appearance of. 

Aka-meagatataga, to make ; to do. 2. To re- 

Akameamea (aka-mlamla)^ to imitate ; to 
mimic ; to simulate. Cf. aka-tameamea, 2. 
To give oneself airs ; to assume to be what 
one is not. 

MEAKE {meake)y much ; in great quantity. 2. 
Immensely. 3. In answer to enquiries about 
persons or things, used in the sense of 
" Couldn't be better." 

MEAMEANOA (mhimearum), it is of no conse- 
quence ; it does not matter. Cf. mea and noa. 

MEARA (meara), nevertheless; but.. 

MEG EC (megeo)y to itch. 2. To long for; a 
longing. 3. To produce a pricking sensation 
in the mouth, said of a food or drink. 4. 
Sharp tasted ; piquant to the taste. Megeogeo 
{megeoglo), plural of the action ; memegeo 
(memegeo), plural of the subject. 

Megeoraga (megeoraga)^ itching. 

MEHEA (meh^a), to warm oneself; to get more 
heat. Plural memehea {memeh^a). 2. To 
purify ; to become better in mind. Ka 
mehea te manava^ e kore e panea puaka : 
Purify your spirit and do not go about with 
the bead of an animal (on your shoulders), 

Mehearaga, purity ; the utmost innocence of 
mind. Cf. mehtuiraga. 

MEHITI (mehiti), to pass from illness to health. 
2. To move to another point, as the wind. 
Plural memehiti. Cf. hiti. 

Mehitihiti {mehitihiti)^ to gush out; to spirt; 
said of water and other liquids. 




Mehitiraga {mehitiraga)^ the passage from sick- 
ness to nealth. 2. A change in the wind. 

MEHOMEHO (mehomeho)^ brown approaching 

MEHUARAQA (mehuaraga)^ beauty of the soal. 
Cf . mehearaga, 

MEI (niei)j of, belonging to. Mei eha hoe: 
Whence do you come ? (Of what place are 

MEI (mei), the bread-fruit {Artocarpus). 2. A 
bivalve shell- fish. 

Mei mei (meimei), having a nice smell ; savory ; 
pleasant to taste. 

Akamei (aka-mei), to serve the best dish last. 
Plural akamei mei (aka-meimei). See aka-mei 
under meimei. 

MEIAPUKU (meiapuku), bread-fruit in January, 
so named because of the fish apuku found at 
that time in great quantity. 

MEIKA (Tnetka)tihe banana. Musa paradisiaca. 
Cf. tumumeika. 

Akameika (aka-meika), to cook a large quantity 
of food. 2. To allow a bunch of pandanus 
fruits to ripen. 

MEIKOPORO (mlikopiyro), bread-fruit in October 
or November, so called because of the colour 
of koporo (nightshade). 

MEI MAN U (Meivianu)y the name of the royal 
bay in Mangareva. 

MEIMATA (meimata), tears; weepings. Cf. 

MEIMATAKURA, a fresh breeze, but with little 
agitation of the water, and the sea calm. 

MEIMEI, to set the teeth on edge; having the 
teeth on edge. See under mei. 

Aka-meimei, to set the teeth on edge ; to make 
harsh, bitter. 

MEI-PUA-KAKAHO (mH-pua-kakhho), bread-fruit 
in April when the reeds (kakaho) are in bloom. 
Cf . meiy pua, and kakaho. 

MEI RE (meire), the name of a tree, without 
edible fruit. 2. Precious (a doubtful word). 

Aka-mei re, a kind of pehe, or child's game, 
which is played with thread interlaced be- 
tween the fingers (cat's cradle) and forming 
different figures. 

MEITETAKI (meitetaki), beautiful; good. 2. 
Soft ; sweet. Cf . rrieimH. 

MEITI, to be distinguished; preferred; chosen 
from among others. 

MEITUAVERA (meiiuavlra), bread-fruit in June, 
so called h-om the fruit being roughened 
(burnt) by the wind and want of heat. Cf. 

MEKANUTOI, to bend; to cause to be curved 
like a bow. 

MEKIKI (mekiki), to lean; not to be upright. 
Cf . tuviekiki. 2. To be heavy ; weighty ; said 
of a bundle. Mekikikiki (meklkiklki), plural 
of the action ; memekiki {memektki), plural of 
the subject. 

Mekikiraga (viekikiraga), the slope of a thing 
that is not upright. 

Akamekiki {aka-mekiki), to lean ; ready to falK 

MENE (mene), to be bent; turned; said of the 
edge of a blade which has encountered a 
hard substance ; blunted ; dulled ; crushed ; 
notched. Cf. gaoa, ururari, &c. 

M EN EM EN E, a small boat or canoe. 

MERE (m^re), to return in an unlucky way softer 
having set out. 2. To go back on a promise. 

3. To persuade a person not to make a pur- 
chase. Plural mere me re (m^rem^re). 

Akamere (aka-mere)j to despise ; to scorn. 2. 
depreciate. Plural akameremere (aka-niere- 

Merega (merlga), difficulty in speaking to one 
another on the march. 

MEREI (mer^i), the handsome exterior of a 
thing. 2. Beautiful. 3. Ripe; mature. 

Mereimerei (merHmerei), the same as tnerei 
but in a stronger sense. Memerei (memerei)j 
plural of the subject. 

MEREKU (mer^ku)y feebleness ; to be weak ; 
broken down by a sudden accident. 2. To 
throw down ; to beat down. 3. To enfeeble. 

4. To become muddy. 5. Troubled; con- 
fused. Merekureku (mer^kurhku), plural of 
the action ; memereku (metnerlku), plural of 
the subject. 

MEREKUITEKIRI (mereku-i'te-kin), to cause 

MEREKUNOTEVAKA (meceku-no-te-vaka), the 
largeness of a ship ; a big ship. 

MERIE (mene), to be pitiful ; to have com- 
passion or patience. Cf. rimamene. 2. 
Conmion, not sacred or prohibited. 3. 
Affable ;' familiar. Rima merie, liberal ; 
generous ; giving freely. 

Merieraga {merieraga), the action or circum- 
stance of merie. 

Aka-merie, to render common ; not tapu ; 
ordinary ; general. 

MERI6I (mer)gi), to flow; to trickle. To run 
drop by drop ; to drip. Flowing ; dripping. 

Merigirigi (merigirigi) denotes stronger action 
than merigi. 2. The monthly courses (cata- 
menia) of women. 

Memerigi (memertgi)^ plural of the subject of 

Merigi raga (merigiraga), action of the verb 

MERINO (merino) f calmness ; tranquility. 
Absolute silence after a great noise. Cf. 
mennokuray merinotuapipi. 

MERINOKURA {merino - kur a), a dead calm. 
Tranquil, without stir or movement whatever. 

MERINOTUAAPIPI (menno'tua-aplpi), a Ught 
breath of wind ; a zephyr. 

METOMETO (metometo), yellow; reddish-yellow. 

Akametometo (aka-metonieto), brilliant red. 

MIAMI A, crisped, frizzled, said of hair. Oho 
miamia, crisp, woolly hair. Cf . miha. 




MIAU, a •onstrioted anus. 2. A malady attack- 
ing the posterior parts. Cf. muna. 3. Thin 
in the buttocks ; one who is small in the 
posterior parts. 4. Thin ; meagre. 

Aka-miau, to cast lots in order to find out who 
has lately defiled a certain place by going to 
stool near it. 

MIQOKETE (migokete)y to be without cooked 

MIGOMIGO {niigomigo)j a fold; a wrinkle. To 
be wrinkled. Cf. minemine. 2. A plait; 
plaited. 3. Stunted. 4. Not joined close, 
not smooth, equal, said of tissues and cloth. 

Aka-migomigo, to plait. 2. To rumple ; to 
wrinkle ; to ruffle. 

MIMA (miha)f frizzy, crisp-curled, said of hair. 
Cf. miamia. 

Mihamiha (miham'iha)^ partially frizzled, in- 
clined to be crisp, said ol the hair, but also of 
a wave or billow ; wavy. 2. Said gf the 
water of a brook when it ripples. See mimiha. 

MIMEA {mihJea)y to overflow, said of a cup or 
vessel containing liquid. Cf. mimi. 

MIMEGA (mihjtga)y a red sore. 

Ml HI (w^/l^), to curse anyone; to pronounce 
imprecations. 2. To menace. 3. To smell 
an odour. 4. Fine ; light. Va mihij fine 

Mihimihl (mihimihi), to praise a person fre- 
quently for good qualities, &c. 2. To smell 
an odour. 3. To menace. 

Mihiga (mi/i2^a), cursing; blasphemy. 

Mihimihiga (mihimihiga), the action of mihi- 

Akamihl (aka-mlhi)^ to menace. 

Ml MORE (mihore), a repast of ripe bananas. 
Plural mihorehors (mih^rehore), 

MIMI (mimi) , urine. To urinate ; to make water. 
Cf. mihea, mimiha, tomamimi. 

MIMIHA (mimiha), to overflow ; said of streams. 
2. To flow in great quantity. Cf . miha, mihea, 
and mimi. 

Mimiharaga (mimiharaga), an overflow of 
waters ; a flood. 

MINEMINE, wrinkled; rumpled. 2. Folded. 
Cf. migomigo and kominemine. 

MJO (mlo), to be decreased ; to die away ; 
calmed. 2. To die down ; said of fire, wind, 
or of a swell on the sea. Miomio {miomio), 
plural of the action ; mimic (mimlo), plural 
of the subject. 

Aka-mio, to calm ; to appease. Cf. aka-hio 
and aka-gio. 

MIRI| a bundle of waa or of fish, whether 
cooked or uncooked. 

MIR! (miri), an odoriferous plant resembling 
basil. 2. To consider ; to regard. 3. To 
examine ; to touch ; to handle. 4. To plot ; 
to hatch mischief. Cf. komirimiri. 

Mirimiri (mirimiri), to consider ; to examine 
attentively. 2. To plot ; to conspire. 

MIRO (mvro)^ the name of a tree. Cf. kekomiro. 

MITAKA (mitaka), to open; to expand; as a 
flower. 2. To warp; as a board. Mitaka- 
taka (mitdkataka), plural of the action ; 
mimitaka {mimitdka), plural of the subject. 

MITI (mlti), to lick. 2. To rub the finger along 
a dish or plate to remove anything sticking to 
the article. 3. What has been stopped, lost, 
or filtered away in percolation through any 
filtering substance, as mud from water that 
has passed through gravel. 

Mitimiti {mitijntti), denotes longer action than 
miti. 2. To draw from water anything held 
in suspension therein. 

MITIKAQA (mitikfiga), a small portion of cooked 

tMITO (miio), to draw air through the nose into 
'^ the lungs. 2. To kiss. Mitomito (mitomtto), 

plural of the action ; mimito (mimito), plural 

of the subject. 

Mitoraga (mUoraga), expiration of the air 
through the nose. 

MITOIHA, a bad man ; a wicked person. 

MO (m^), for. It is used in regard to food and 
women, but when men speak of women they 
use ma and not tho. 

MOA (nioa)j a cock ; the domestic fowl (Gallus). 

2. Cooked. 

Moaga {moaga), a red beard, or fair beard. 2. 
The name of a fish. 

Akamoa (aka-mba), to cook. Cf. hamoa. Aka- 
moe-marie, to cook thoroughly. 

Akamoamoa (aka-mibamha). To cook more ; to 
continue cooking. 

Akamomoa {aka-momya), plural of material 
cooked. 2. To preserve ; to take care of. 3. 
To reserve ; store up ; guard. Aka-moamoa- 
muani : To guard with tender care. 

MOA, to open a hole or pit (food-pit) ; to take 
out of the ground. 

MOMOA (moniba), beautiful, good, said either of 
a person's physical or moral qualities. 2. 
Young coco-palms on which the nuts are jUst 
getting large. 3. To nourish ; to nurse. 4. 
Cotton-plants of which the buds are not 
expanded. 5. Spoilt fruit. 

MOAIEURU, the name of a fish. 

MOAKE {moake), east. The east wind. 

MOAKE (moake), an abbreviation of mx)a ake, 
" disinter it." 

MOAN A (wiof/Ma), the sea ; the ocean. 

MOE (moe), to sleep. Ka moe te mata, to be 
inattentive. 2. To be lying down ; in bed. 

3. To have sexual intercourse. Moemoe 
(moemoe), plural of the action, and intensive 
of moe; momoe (moTnoe), plural of the subject. 

Moega (m^ega), the action of sleeping with and 
having sexual connection. 2. A mat for 
sleeping on. 

Moeraga, the action or circumstance of sleep- 
ing ; sleep. 

Moemoe (imenwe), to appear to sleep ; to pre- 
tend to sleep. 2. To shut the eyes.. 3. To 
blink the eyes. 4. To sleep for a long time. 
5. To steal, to purloin at a distribution of 
food. 6. The name of a fish* ' 




Moemoea {rnbenioea)y a dream; a vision. To 

Moemoeraga (rnbeiiiberaga)^ the pretence of 

Aka-moe (aka-mbe)^ to go to bed. 2. To put 
into the sea a fillet or garland for driving the 
fish. 3. To let off or fire a gun. Aka-moemoe 
(aka-riwembe)y plural of the action ; aka-momoe 
(aka-monibe), plural of the subject. 

Momoe (momoe), to throw onqself violently upon 
and seize a certain thing (such as food) with- 
out waiting for distribution ; to seize with 
avidity. 2. To form in a crowd round a 

MOE (mbe)y an islet (St. Crescent) to the N.E. of 

MOE (nioe), also nibhe, to have deserved it ; said 
of punishment. Gf . mo and he, 

MOEAURA, to admire. CLmoehoura, 

MOEGA (moega), see under moe, 

MOEQAKONA (mo€ga-k(ma)y a bed. 2. Sexual 
connection. Cf. moega and kona, 

MOEHOURA {mbehoura), to cherish ; to love 
tenderly. Momoehoura (mombehoura)^ plural 
of the subject. Cf . moeaura. 

MOEKOHUKOMU (m^ekbhukohu), to be in the 
womb ; to have conceived ; pregnant. 

MOEKOUMEA (mbekouTtiea), to remember; an 
agreeable impression on the memory. 2. To 
remind oneself of past pleasures. 

MOEMATE {mbe-mate)t to go to bed without 
supper. Cf. vw^ and mate, 

MOEMOE, see under rtwe, 

Moemoea, see under moe, 

MOEMOERAGA, see under moe, 

MOENUNU (nibenunu)^ accustomed ; habituattfd ; 
used to. 

Moenunuraga {nibenunuraga)^ the practice of 
doing a certain thing ; habitude ; routine. 

MOERAGA (fiiberaga)y see under moe, 

MOERE, soft ; tender ; caressing. Mata moere : 
A tender glance. 2. To have a soft exterior. 
3. Not to be accustomed to speaking. Moe- 
rere (mberere)^ denotes stronger action than 
moere ; momoere (mmndere)^ plural of the sub- 

Moereraga {mbereraga)^ an appearance of soft- 
ness ; having a soft exterior. 2. Unaccus- 
tomed to speak in public. 

MOEROA (mberoa), to be dead. Cf. moe and roa. 
Plural momoeroa (m^miberba), 

MOERORi, the name of a very large fish. 2. An 
injurious epithet. 

MOETUTURURU, not to be able to think of any- 
thing else all night but the loved object» the 
person desired ardently. 

MOQO, to do good work ; to do a thing in a 
masterly way. 

MOGUQU, the gUls of fish. 

MOHANA {mohana)t warm. Cf. hahana, 2. Said 
of new arrivals. See mahana and makariri, 
3. Cooked up again. 4. Clothes. 

MOHAN I {mohani), a kind of cage for taking 
fish. 2. The name of a fish taken in the 
Haga (which see). 

MOHANIMANI (mohanihani), a dull eye that does 
not show itself well. 

MOHE, see moe, 

MOME {m/)he)f to be of the royal family, or of 
chief's social position. 

MOHIA, to be straight ; rigid. 

MOHINE, a term of tenderness to a young 
daughter. Cf. veine, 

MOMO, an exclamation. Tricked ! Trapped I 
Caught out ! Cf . tea, 

MOHO {m()ho)t a victim who has been struck but 
not quite killed. 2. A man condemned to 
death. Cf. mx)hoki, 

Momoho, to run without looking where one is 

MOHOKI, the non-existent ; that which has gone 
for ever. 

MOHOMOMO {nwlwimho), the name of a fish. 

MOHORA (mohbra), to be spilt ; to be shed. 2. 
To stretch out, from the smallest extension to 
the greatest. Momol^ora (momohdra)^ plural 
of the subject. Cf. hohora, 

MOHORAKE- MOHORAKE (mohdrake-mohdrake), 
to be present everywhere ; stretched out or 
expanded in every direction (as the air). 2. 
To overflow, of a river. 

MOHORE (mohbre), to peel off; to come off, as 
the hair. Mohorehore (mohbrehUbre) plural of 
the action; momohore (momolurre), plural of 
the subject. Cf. kahoie^ hohore^ pahore. 

Akamohore (aka-mohbre), to lift up the epi- 
dermis ; to take off the skin ; to peel ; to flay. 
Plural aka-mohorehore [aka-mohbrehbre), 

Mohorega (mohbrega), the action of peeling off. 

MOHUKE (mohuke), the name of a foreign 

MOHURI {mohhri)y rolling, as a vessel rolls. Cf. 
huri, 2. To move as an infant when it 
" quickens '' in the womb, about three or four 
months after conception. 3. To disappear 
behind an object, said of men, ships, &c, 
Mohurihuri (imhhrihhri), plural of the action ; 
momohuri (momohhri)^ plural of the subject. 

Aka-mohuri, to disappear behind land, as 
behind a cape, or bend of the coast. Aka- 
mohupihuri, plural of the action ; aka-momo- 
huri, plural of the subject. 

Akamohuri (aha'mohuri)^ to turn oneself ; to 
turn over in bed. To turn as fish do. Plural 
aka-mohupihupi (aka-mohhrihhri), 

MOHUTA (mo/mto), to be eager ; earnest ; ardent. 
To do a thing with activity and zeal. Mohuta- 
huta {nwhhtahuta)j plural of the action ; 
momohuta (momohuta), plural of the subject. 

Mohutaraga (mohhtaraga), the action of being 

MOI {m!bi)f the fruit of the tree koenki, 

MOI, a small man ; a dwarf. 2. A round cala- 
bash or gourd. 3. Said of a person who h(ks 
a short chin. 




MOIMOI (motmot), the tips of the fingers. 2. 
Blunt, dull, said of the edge of the pandanus 
kernel when it is large. Cf. mamoi. 

MOKA (moAa), to cause a fight between two 
parties by one throwing a stone at the other ; 
to stir up ; to provoke fighting. Mokamoka 
(mokam()ka), plural of the action ; momoka 
(viomoka)^ plural of the subject. 

MOKAKO {mokako)j to be flexible; limber; said 
of a large man who is slenden. Plural 

Akamokako (aka-mok(iko)j to be large but 
slender. 2. To make very flexible. 

Aka-mokakokakOj denotes stronger action than 

MOKE (iiioke), a white rat. 

MOKEMOKE {mhkemhke)^ the name of a fish. 

MOKI {imtkDj the subject ; the occasion. 2. A 
cause of temptation. 3. To be exposed to ; to 
be liable. Mokimoki (inhkim7)ki), plural of the 
action ; momoki {monioki), plural of the sub- 

Mokiga (moUiga)^ the action of being exposed. 

MOKO (mnko), a lizard. 2. A small loaf or 
bundle of food not yet cooked. Plural moko- 

MOKOA, an insult ; injury. 2. Smootb, not 

MOKOMA, sugar cane having a \on^ potaka. 

MOKOMAKOMA (mokhliakdha), syn. mokoha. 

MOKOHE, the frigate bird. 

MOKOME {viok7>he), food ; maa. 

MOKOI, to renew one's attempt; to return to 
the charge. 

MOKOKO, war-cries uttered by many persons. 

MOKOMOKO (mokomoko), mucus from the nose ; 
to snivel. 

MOKOPU (mokoph), native bread cooked by not 
made ihto paste. 

Mokomokopu {m/>komhkopii)y plural of mokopu. 

MOKORA (mok7>ra)y a duck. 

MOKORE-ETAHI, unique; singular. Cf. tahi. 

MOKOREI (viokhrU), the male flower of the 

MOKOTO (mokHo)y one of the peaks of Manga- 
reva, that nearest to Taravai. 

MOKU (im-ku)^ for me. Cf. mo, /cu, and maku, 

MOKUI (mokui)y land under cultivation and in 

MOKUKURA (mokukura)y to fade, said of flowers. 

Akamokukura (aka-mokukura), not to be green ; 
not vigorous ; said of trees or plants whose 
leaves are turning yellow. 

MOKU R A, the name of a fish. 

MOM I (m?)7ni), voracious; greedy. 

Momimomi (iiwminibmi)^ very voracious. 

Momiraga (mhmiraga), voracity. 

MOMIOHOU, small; stunted. 2. Of Httle im- 
portance ; of small consequence ; said of men. 

MOMOA (iiwmiia)^ see under moa, J 

MOMOARI (monioari), the point of a lance. 
Momoari matatau, the point of a lance. 2. 
The name of a crustacean fish% 

MOMOARI-TATARORE, the name of a fish. 

MOMOE {moMute)^ see under vwe, 

MOM OHO, see under moho. 

MOMOMOMO {momomhnw)y a chief ; a gentleman. 
2. A descendant or relative of the king. 8. A 

MOMONA inwmona), grease ; fat. 

MOMONO (momono)^ a public granary or store ; 
a general pit or hole in which food is placed. 

MOMORI, see under mori, 

MOMOTU, see under mota, 

MOMOTU-AHI (monuftu-ahi)y A fire-brand. 2. A 
torch. Cf. viotu and ahi. 

MOMUA {mottuia)^ before; in front; before all. 
Heretofore ; previously. Cf. muat inatamua^ 
matakomttUy &c, 

MOMURI (momuri)j after ; behind ; in past time. 

MONIKURA (nibnikhra)y a liar ; a deceiver. 

MONUNU, to suffer in the inward parts of the 
body. 2. Pain in the internal parts with no 
external signs. 

Akamonunu (aka-manhnu), 'to wound. 2. To 
bruise or blacken the skin slightly. 

MORARI (morhn), flat; flattened; said of the 
bridge of the nose. 

Morarirari (morltrirari)^ very flat. 

MORARO {mai'aro)^ below; down; under. Cf. 
rarOi moruguj &c. 

MORE, shoot or sprout from the trunk or branch 
of which cords are made from the bark. 2. A 
young plant or young tree that is straight and 

Moremore (nibreTribre), a dull heavy pain in the 

Akamore (aka-rtwre)y to decapitate ; to behead. 
2. To cut off pieces of wood, the horns of 
cattle, (&c. Plural aka-moremore (aka-mdre- 

MORI (m!bri)y a bastard ; illegitimate. 2. A 
candle ; a taper ; wax. 

Momori, to eat in secret. 

Moriga (moriga)^ a simple pattern of a mat in 
which the tissue is not crossed. 2. A small 
feast ; a minor festival. 

Mori moriga (mbrimbriga)^ the ceremony jat the 
birth of the king's first-bom. 

MORIKI (moriki)^ to sprinkle linen which one 
irons. 2. Papyrus. 

MORO (mdro)t dry; withered. 2. A term of 

Akamoro, to cause to dry ; to dry up. 

MORU (mbru)f invisible; hidden. 2. A fishing 
net. 3. A louse found on the head. 

MORU, secretly. 

MORU A, to enlarge itself ; to widen ; as a woondf 

MORUA (miOrUa)j to sink (with too much weight) ; 
t to be lowered. 8. Insaf^ared; swallowed 




up. Cf. rua. 3. To plunge, as water over a 
cataract. 4. .Not to be effective ; inoperative ; 
said of promises or speeches. 6. To lose 
vigour ; to perish ; said of plants. 6. A 
swelling that has disappeared. Moruarua 
(moruania), plural of the action ; momorua 
(niomorua)f plural of the subject. 

MORUGA (morugajy upon ; above ; over. Higher. 
CI. ruga and moraro. 

MORUKU, to descend; one who descends. Gf. 

MORUKU (moruku), to lean; not to be level. 
Morukuruku {morhkuruku), plural of the 
action ; momoruku, plural of the subject. 

Akamoruku {aka-moruku)y to have an acute 
inclination ; a very steep pitch ; leaning very 
much. Plural aka-mopukupuku. 

MOTA, a term applied to the latest-born of a 

WOTAE {motae)j yellow, only applied to the stalk 
of bread-fruit which is not quite bad but 
becoming bo. 

MOTA MA, a desert ; a wide uninhabited place. 

MOTAHU, any child bom after the eldest; a 
cadet. 2. Boyal abortions deified through the 
greediness of the akarata (sorceress). 

MOTA MOTA TrCbtambfa)^ a small species of coco- 
nut palm. 

MOTEAKA (moteaka)j pale ; blanched with sick- 
ness. Cf. tea^ teaka. 

MOTET E A, dashed with white ; mingled with 
white; shaded off from white. 2. A white 
skin. Cf. tea. 

MOTIRE {motire)f Lord, applied to deity only. 
2. The royal staff ; sceptre. 3. To cijack or 
yield under the force of the wind. 

MOTO (mhto), robust ; strong ; well made ; big 
and fat ; said of men. 2. Not to be ripe ; 
raw; green. 3. To mix bread-fruit into a 
paste. 4. A blow of the fist ; to give a blow 
with the fist. Cf. tumoto. Of No. 4 moto- 
moto {inbtomoto), is plural of the action ; 
momoto {momdto)y plural of the subject. 

Motomoto {'mot'bmoto)^ said of good food (maa) 
well prepared and of pleasant savour. Also 
said of the smooth firm skin of a baby about 
three or four months old. 

MOTOE {motoe)y to go elsewhere ; to travel to 
some other place ; to change one's country or 
dwelling. Momotoe {niomothe)^ plural of the 

MOTO I {m7)thi)y a fishing rod ; a stick to which 
the fishing-line is attached. 2. The name of 
of a running or trailing plant. 3. To bend ; 
to be pliant ; supple ; said of men. Plural 
motoitoi {mo^itdi). 

Aka-motol {aka-vibtoi), to be in the centre of a 
row or layer ; the centre, said of timber, poles, 
and branches. Aka-motoitoi (aka-motoitoi)^ 
plural of the action (and shewing longer dura- 
tion than aka-motoi), it is also plural of the 

MOTOI-TAKAO, to slander ; to backbite. To 
spread rumours or gossip. 

MOTOKI (TnotT>ki)y the name of a climbing plant. 



MOTORO {inotbro)j a natural child of whom the 
conception is not known until after the mar- 
riage of the mother ; a bastard. 

MotoPOtoPO {mot7)rotoro)y one who glides in or 
steals in at night. 2. A shameful crime. Cf. 
aha-torotoro. 3. To go and seek for. 

MOTU (motu), an island ; an islet. 2. A rock 
or rocks above a certain height. 3. To be 
broken ; to be cut ; said of cords, ropes, 
thread, <Src. Cf. temotutevMtu^ tmnotu. 

Motu, to cut up a piece of meat. Motumotu, 
plural of the action ; momotu, plural of the 
subject. 2. A small piece of unworked land 
between two cultivated plots. 

Motua, an exclamation, Broken I Snapt 1 

Momotu, to cut ; said of cords, threads, cloth, 
also of food (maa) of which a part is cut oU to 
be taken away in a package. 2. To break 
into many pieces. Momotu -ah i, a fire-brand. 

Motua {mbtita)j a fire-brand carried for the sake 
of keeping fire going on a journey, or for 
making another fire ; to carry such firebrand. 
Motuamotua (motuamotUa), plural of the 
action ; momotua {nLomotua)^ plural of the 

Motuaaga, a small islet. 

Motu motu haga {mbtunibtuhhga), an island. 

MOTUA {motiia)j father. 2. Uncle. 3. See 
under motu. Cf . motuaagaij m^ttiaiti, 

MOTUAAQAI (motuaagai)^ foster-father; an 
adoptive father. Cf. mx)ttui and agai. 

MOTUA ITI, an uncle, up to the fifteenth degree. 
Cf . motua and iti. 


MOTUHARA (mbtuhhra), bruised, scratched, said 
of a member of the body. 

MOTUKEROKERO, the name of an islet close to 

MOTUO, a silent person ; one who will not 

MOTUTEIKO, the name of an islet close to 

MOTUTUi, one who has nothing to do; a 
lounger; stroller. 

MOTUTURUA, the name of an islet close to 

MOU (wjom), to quench the thirst. Ku mou 
teito toku matevai : My thirst is altogether 
assuaged. Moumou {mhumou)^ plural of the 
action ; momou (mo7nhu)y plural of the subject. 

Akamou (afca-??t?)M), to quench the thirst; to 
satisfy. 2. To satisfy one's desires, &c. 
Plural akamou mou (aka-m!oumbu). Akamou 
atu koe eki mea kai ki a tagata ara e, eki oge : 
Give a little food to that man, lest he be 

MOU (mou), a mountain ; a mountain peak. 
Cf. mag a. 

MOUKU (mouku), a species of scented fern. 

IMOUNU (mounu), a bait. To bait; to allure. 

f Mounuunu {mounuunu)^ plural of the action; 

momou nu {momounu), plural of the subject. 

Mounupaga (moUnuraga)^ the action of decoying 
or baiting. 




MOU R I (mof/-n)« fear; trepidation; apprehension 
of punishment. Gf. uri. Dread of some 
shameful event happening, of a breach of the 
law, (fee. To fear, <fec. ; to feel such trepida- 
tion. Mouriuri {mourihri)y plural of the 
action; momouri (momoun)t plural of the 

Akamouri (aka-mouri), to frighten; to sud- 
denly startle. Aka-moupiuri, plural of the 
action ; aka-momouri, plural of the subject. 

MUA {mua)t a point; extremity. 2. First; 
premier; before all. Cf. tamaaomua, 3. 
Before. It is placed after verbs, substantives, 
and adjectives. Before mai it means one who 
has arrived first; before atu it signifies to 
precede. Cf. momua, matakomua, matarrma, 

Muamua {muamua)^ the end ; the extremity of 
the length of a body. 

MUAMUAKEQA (muamuakega)^ the name of a 

MUANI (wtwfcni), to arrange; to dispose of. 2. 
To straighten ; to put to rights ; to redress. 
8. To husband; to economize. 4. To take 
care of; foster; to pay attention to. 6. To 
work with carefulness and care. Muaniani 
(mvhniani), plural of the action; mumuani 
(mumuani), plural of the subject. 

MUAVEVA (muav^va)y to lavish; to waste; not 
to economize or spare. Cf. veva, 

MUHU, to frighten the fish ; to talk when in the 
water fishing. 

MUHU (muhu)y an odour; scent; smell. 

Muhumuhu (muhumuhu)^ a diminutive of mu/iu. 

Muhumuhu, to turn the nose towards; to 

MUHUTEA (muhut^a)y the name of a fish. 

MUl (mui), to look at with attention and with 
importunity. 2. To look at through a 
window. 3. To surround a person so as to 
get speech with him; to crowd about a 
speaker. Muimul (muimid), plural of the 
action ; mumui (mumui), plural of the subject. 
Cf. amui. 

Aka-muimui, to augment ; to exaggerate. 

Muiga (muiga), the action of the verb mTd. 2. 
A festival lasting a long time in honour of a 
dead person. 

MUKO (muko), a point; extremity of a thing 
which diminishes or grows fine towards the 
point. 2. The highest shoot of a plant, <fec. 
8. The tip of the nose. 

Mukomuko {mukomuko)^ to grow; increase. 

MUKOKOKA (mukhkhka), a disease of or accident 
to the anus. 

MUMOHUA {mumohua)t to eat oooo-nut soaked 
in water. 

MUMU {mumu)j a fool; an idiot; imbecile. A 
booby. Cf. katamu. 

Akamumu (aka-mumu), to become an idiot. 2. 
To make a fool of. 

MUNA {muna)y an affliction of the posterior 
parts sent by the gods because the offender 
has gone to stool (evacuated his bowels) near 
his home. Cf. mau and aka-mau, 2. A kind 
of cutaneous disease covering the whole of 
the skin. 

Munamuna (nmnanmna), to be timid. 2. 
Wanting in assurance and hardihood. 

Munamuna, one who eats quickly. 2. To feel 
ashamed ; to stammer and stutter. 

Munamunaraga {rrmnamunarhga), timidity; 

MURE (mure)i to be finished; to have nothing f 
remaining. Cf. muri» Mure-a-to^ to have no 
more food left. 

MURI (muri), behind; after; in the rear. Cf. 
mamuri, komurij matamuHy aka-tamuri^ mute, 

MURI-ATU, to follow; to jgo after a person; to 
come after. 

MURI-MAI, to follow; to go or come after the 
person who speaks. 

MURO (muro), to be voracious; gluttonous. 2. 
To speak little; to cast down the eyes; to 
love to be alone. 

Muromuro (muromuro)^ to be very voracious; 
to eat with avidity. 

MUTfE (mutie)^ an indigenous dog-grass or 

MUTOTOHEKE, an injurious expression; a 
curse. Cf. toto and heke, 

MUTU (mutu), to keep silence; mute. 2. To 
cease, to leave off (applied in all senses). 3. 
To drop, said of the wind ; to leave off blow- 
ing. Mutumutu {mutumutu) is the plural of 
the action; mumutu (mumutu), plural of the 

Mutuga (mutugd), the action of keeping silence. 

Akamutu {aka-mutu)^ to impose silence. Aka- 
mutumutu (aka-mUtum%tu), plural of the 
action; akamumutu (aka-viumutu), plural of 
the subject. 

MUTUMUTUNOA (mutumUtu - nba), to speak 
rarely; taciturn. i 

M U UTEA, the name of a'fish. 


rlA, a sign of the genitive (possessive), used 
particularly when it is a question of food or 
of a woman spoken of by her husband. Mate 
i na hu : Everyone is sick. Cf. no. 2. By ; 
of; by the order of; on account of. It 
designates the author of an action. 3. 
Because; seeing that; whereas. 4. Placed 

before a substantive or personal pronoun, m 
signifies "It is," as Na mea : It is the thing. 

NA (na), pronoun in the 3rd person, indeclin- 
able. Him ; of him ; to him. 

NAM A, a bow; a bow for shooting arrows. 2. 
A trough made of the stem of the coco-nut. 





Akanaha {akti'nStha)^ curved; bent. To carve; 
to bend ; to warp. 

Akananaha (dkck-nanHha), to bend ; to draw, as 
a bow. 

NAHATUA (nahatua)^ to shun; to avoid. To 
get at the back of a thing in order to shoot or 
lance therefrom. Nahanahatua {nahanaJia- 
tua)j plural of the action ; nanahatua (nana- 
hatuajj plural of the subject. 

Nahatuaraga (nahatuaraga)^ the action of na- 

NAMO (riaho), to go to stool here and there, 
fouling the ground with ordure. 

NAHO, a shoal of fish. 

NAHU, a remainder, renmant. 

NAI (or naai)y who ? whom ? for whom ? 

NAKU (na-ku)y mme; belonging to me. Naku 
noti : It is my own. 2. To take ; seize ; ap- 
propriate. 3. To carry off. Naku naku {naku- 
nd,ku)f plural of the action; nanaku (nanhku)^ 
plural of the subject. 

Nakuga (nakuga)^ the action of taking, &c. 

NAMUNAMU (mtmurUtmu), to eat with the lips; 
to nibble. 

NANA (nana)y to lo«k at ; to view. 2. To suspect. 
3. To spy out ; to play the spy. 

Nanaraga {'nhnaraga)^ the action of inspecting 
or regarding. 

Akanana (aka'nhna)^ to see ; to look at ; to re- 
gard attentively. 2. To view with curiosity. 

3. To contemplate. 

NANA, to pout ; to look sour. 2. To be angry ; 
to get into a passion. 3. To be offended. 

4. To play a base part. Nananana, plural of 
the action ; nanana, plural of the subject. 

Akanana (aka'naiux)^ to hate, with the idea of 
vengeance or doing harm. 2. To hate another 
so that it does harm to oneself. 

Akanananana {aka-nananana)^ to pout; sulk. 

2. To take offence ; to feel affronted ; to take 
in bad part. One who takes offence. 

Nanaraga (nanaraga)^ the action of pouting, &g. 

N AN A- NOA, useless; good for nothing. 2. In- 
different ; without aim or purpose. 

NANAO (nanao)y to take fish out of a wicker 

NANARO, to tighten a cord. 2. A bowstring. 

3. To make a plait. 

N A N AT I . See under nati. 

NANE {nane)y to mix, to mingle. Cf. nani. 

Nanenane (nanenane)^ to mix up; to mix again. 
Nanane (naiiane), plural of the subject. 

NANI {nani)y to besmear, to sully; to harm 
oneself ; to get dirty, to soil oneself involun- 
tarily. 2. To mix, mingle. Cf . nane, 3. To 
chew. 4. To put on a salve or plaster. 
Naninani (naninani), plural of the action; 
nanani (nanant), plural of the subject. 

Naniga (naviXga), the action of ndni, 

NAN IE (nanle)j a paste made from bread-fruit 
that is bad, unripe, or deteriorated. 


Akananie, to make poor food (maa) from the 
scrapings of bread-fruit, or with bread-fruits 
fallen before being ripe. 

NANONANO (nanonano)^ heat ; anger. 2. Impa- 
tience. 3. To sulk inwardly but making no 
outward sign of annoyance. Cf . nununurm. 
Plural, nanano. Cf. toronano, 

NANU (nanii), to curse; to imprecate. Nanu- 
nanu (nanunanu)^ plural of the action ; 
nananu (nananu)^ plural of the subject. 

Nanuga (nanuga)^ a curse; a malediction. 

NANUGA-POROTU, a blessing; a benediction. 

NANUQA-RIRIA, a curse; execration. 

NAO (nao)y a mosquito. Cf. nau. 

NAONAO, the name of a plant. 

NAO RE {luihre)^ to make smaller, to diminish. 
Plural naoreore (nabreore), 

Naoreraga (na&reraga)^ the action of making 

NAO RE, to importune, to beg for a thing. 

Akanaore, to importune ; to return to the 
charge again and again. 

NAPE (nape)y to put out the tongue ; to lick ; to 
take with the tongue into the mouth. % 
Said also of a man who, in a house, burns it. 

Napega {naptga)^ the action of licking. 

NARA, high spring-tide. Nara o Vehi, the great 
tide at new moon. * 

NARO (^Miro), yawning ; a yawn. To yawn, at 
the same time pulling the arms back. 2. 
To straighten or put to rights a stick that 
has been in the fire. Naronaro (vhronaro)^ 
plural of the action ; nanaro (nanaro)^ plural 
of the subject. 

Naroga (narbga)^ action of liaro, 

NATI (nati), to tie into the form of a running 
noose. Cf . nati. 

Nati nati (natinati), to make many nooses at- 
tached together. 

Nanati, to tie with a cord. 2. To strangle, 
throttle. 3. Plural of the subject of nati. 
See natikaha. 

NATI, to squeeze; to press. 2. To abuse; to 
curse. 3. To vow to the gods. Cf. ndti. 

NATIKAHA, the death of a person by means of 
a running noose of coco-nut fibre, thrown 
round his neck by the priest of an idol at the 
same time as the victim's name was called 
aloud. Cf . nati and kaha. 

NATO {ndto), to be empty, to contain no food 
(maa) or fish. 2.. To have strong desire; to 
be greatly in want of something. Natonato 
(ndto-ndto), plural of the action ; nanato (na- 
ndto)^ plural of the subject. 

NATU (ndtu), the colic ; violent pains in the 
bowels. 2. To press wet linen ; to squeeze a 
person, or a sore place. 3. To wash linen ; 
to rub. Natunatu (ndtuTidtu), plural of the 
action; nanatu (nandtt^), plured of the subject. 

Akanatu (aka-ndtu), to defer commencing an 
action. 2. Not to be in a hurry ; one who 
does not hurry. 

NAU (noM), affable; obliging; kind. 2. A mos 
quito. Of. nao. 

Naue ^ 



NAUE, a present, a gift. 2. Good news. 3. A 
happy omen ; a pleasant prediction. 

Akanaue, to carry a present to a, person. 

NAUKI (rmUki)^ the name of a grass. 

NAUMAI, Come ! To come. Cf. nau and mai. 

N All N All (ndundu), the name of a grass. 

NAU RATA {naupdta)f the name of a plant. 

NEQANEQA, a pole that props up the end of a 
hut. Cf. mataneganega. 

NEHE, childishness; infancy; puerility. Cf. 

Akanehe, to catch hold of anything to save it 
from slipping or falling. 

NEI {nH), if; in case that ; provided that. 2. 
Is it ? Is it so ? Really ! Do you say so ? Cf . 
akunei ; amenei ; penei. 

NEI NEI {rieinM), to be on the point of. 

Akanei (aka-nH), to make an appearance of 
rising irom a seat ; to commence to stand up 
and then to sit down again. Akaneinel (aka- 
w^inei), plural of the action : akanenei {aka- 
nemi)y plural of the subject. 

NEI-RA (riei-ra), Is it not so? Cf. nd and ra. 

NEKA {ri^ka)j an injurious expression; a term 
applied to a hated person. 

NEKE. ^Q&akaneke. 

NEKI, to crawl, to creep along. Cf. akaneke. 
2. To retreat or draw back to some one at a 
little distance. 

Akaneki (aka-nM)^ to draw back for a moment. 

2. To push a thing in drawing near or moving 
farther off. 3. To draw near ; to draw near 
again. Akanekineki {aka-nekiri^ki^, plural of 
the action ; akaneneki (aka-neji^kt), plural of 
the subject. 

N EKON EKO {n^korieko), dirty ; abominable ; loath- 
some. 2. Tartar on the teeth. 

N EN A I, yesterday. 

NENE, to urge any one ; to supplicate ; to pray 
with earnestness. 

NENEA {ne7i^a)y to abound. 2. To multiply. 

3. To augment. Takao neneaj to exaggerate. 

Nenearaga (nenearaga)^ multiplication. 

Aka-nenea (aka-mma)^ to augment ; to multi- 

NENUE (7ienue)y the name of a fish. 

N EPA N EPA, a handsome dark skin. 

NIAO (nido)y to be at one's ease. 2. To have 
plenty to live on ; wealthy. 

NIGANIQA, the lungs. 

Akaniganiga, to gather fruit continually from 
a tree till it is exhausted ; to use up or ex- 
haust such tree. 

NIMI {rvlh\)y the name of a crustacean. 2. That 
which goes or runs quickly ; agile. 

Nihinihi (nihin\hi)y to gesticulate with hands 
and feet in a dance. 

Akanihinlhi, to dance a native dance. 2. To 

NIHO (nl/w), a tooth. Of. komhoj taritanrdho^ 
tekonio* hiho no te rae^ the gums. 

Nihoniho (nthorviho), teeth. 2. Indented ; 
notched ; in the form of teeth. 

Akaniho {xika-n\ho), to make a screw. 2. To 
finish all the food (maa). Plural akanihoniho 

NIHOMAMANU (mho-inamdnu) toothache. 2. Bad 
teeth ; spoilt teeth. 

NIHONIHOROROA (nVionlho-roroa), to go and 
come, said of an orphan who has no proper 
home. Cf . niho and roa. 

NIHO RE {nihbre), laughing; merry; gay. 

N I MOV EH I {nihovehijy to talk on all sides at an 
assembly held on account of some person. 

NIKAU, the coco-palm. 2. The ramifications or 
branchings which sustain the bunches of 

NIKIKA, small, little. Cf. nikoka, niku^ and 

NIKOKA, small ; very small. Cf. nikika^ niku. 

N I KOU, crippled; disabled. 

NIKU {iiiku), small fishes, newly hatched. Cf. 
nikokay nikika. 

NIKUNIKUHOU (nlkunlkuhou), infants newly 
born. Cf . niku and hoUy and nioniohou. 

N I N I KA, very small, like a grain of sand. Cf . 
nikikay nikUy &g. 

N I N I N I N I (mninlni)y to sleep a calm gentle sleep ; 
sweet rest ; to slumber. Cf . matammnini, 

Ninininiraga {nlninlniraga), the act of sleeping 

N I NIT A (ninUa), the papaw tree; papaw. 

NINOKA {ninbka)y very small. Cf. ninoke, nikUy 
ninikay &c. 

NINOKE {ninoke) y small. Cf. ninokay nikUy ni- 
nikay nmorey &c. 

NINORE (ninbre)y small. Cf. ninoke y nor By &c. 
Ninorenore {niridrenbre), very small. 

NIOI (niU)y the name of a shrub. 2. A species 
of bread-fruit. 3. Fierce ; unsociable ; fiery 
in temper. 

NIONIOHOU, smaU (said of men). Cf. nikuniku- 
hou and hou. 

N 1 00 N EGO, of little importance (said of things); 
a trifie ; nonsense. 

NIORIKI, bread-fruit of ten or twelve inches 

NIU (nm)y to turn upon itself; to pirouette. Cf. 
poniuniu. 2. A top ; a spinning-top. 

Niuniu {muniu), the noise of the wooden maUet 
falling on the papyrus in making native 

N I U M EA, the coco-palm ; the coco-nut (impro- 
perly). 2. Like the coco-palm. 

NO (no), the sign of the genitive (possessive) for 
all things except the names of wife and food 
(maa) : for these na is used. 2. Whence. 

NOA (nda)y without end ; wholly ; entirely ; to 
do nothing else. Ex. : moe noay to do nothing 
but sleep ; always asleep. Cf . nuinuinoa. 
2. Although; though. 3. Without others; 

NOA, the name of a man whose canoe arrived 
on the summit of the mountain between 




Gatavake and Mangareva [This is in an 
ancient myth. The Biblical Noah is written 

NOH EAN El (nb-hea-nei)y whence does this come ? 

NOHO (nbho), to remain ; to live ; to dwell. 2. 
To sit down. Nohonoho (nbhonbho)^ plural of 
the action 4 nonoho (nonbho)^ plural of the 

Nohonoho (nblumbho), said of a stone well laid 
in place ; well set. 

Nohonohonoho {ndhon'bhonbho)^ to make a long 
stay ; to remain a long while. 

Nohoga (noKbga)^ the action of sitting down. 
2. A chair ; a seat. 

Akanoho (dka-ribho)^ to cause to sit down. 2. 
To enter into possession, as a farmer upon 
his lands. 3. To place a stone or piece of 
wood in position. Aka-nohonoho (aka-iibho- 
noho), plural of the action ; aka-nonoho (aka- 
non'bho)j plural of the subject. Aka-noho joined 
to the name of a man or woman signifies to 
be married to, a e ipu aka-noho : when joined 
to that of a powerful noble it means to hold 
fast ; to stick to. 

Akanohonoga, marriage. 2. Cohabitation. 

NOHOAKUATA (nohoaktidta)^ to be crouched up, 
opening the Knees and depressing the head. 
Cf . noho. 

NOHOARO, dear; beloved; privileged. 

NOHOATU-NOHOMAI, to dwell, to reside in to- 

NOHOQA {nohbga). See under noho. 

NOHOIO (nhho-io), to seat oneself. 

NOHOION ANOTI (nbho-io-na-rihti), to be at home. 
See noho^ noti^ &c. 

NOHOITETURI {nbho-i-te-turi)j to be seated: said 
of many persons as at a gallery or assembly. 
Cf . noho and turi, 

NOHONOHO. See under 7ioho. 

NOHONOHONOHO. See under noho. 

NOHOTAHAGA, idle; sluggish; to do nothing. 
2. An unmarried person. Cf. tahaga. 

NOHOTUA {nbhotua)^ not to be loved; aban- 
doned ; lorlorn ; rejected by parents or 

NOHOTU M U (nWiotumu), to dwell or reside habit- 
ually in a place ; domiciled ; home. Cf . noho 
and tumu. 

NOHU (nbhu)^ the name of a species of bread- 
fruit tree. 2. The name of a fish with 
poisonous spines, found in the sand. 

Nohunohu {nbhu-nhhu)^ bread-fruit of which the 
skin is rough. 

NOKO (nbko)y constant humidity ; perpetually 

NOKUNOKU (nbkunbku)Ja,i: only said of a baby 
or child. 

NONI {nbm), a lame person; a cripple. To be 
lame ; to limp ; to hobble. Limpingly. 2. 
To walk in a vacillating way, in a lingering 
way. Noninoni {nbnintmi), plural of the siction ; 
nononi (nonbni)^ plural of the subject. 

Noniga (nontga), the condition of being lame, 

NONO (nbm>), the name of a tree and its fmit. 

NOPE (nbpe), without strength or force. 2. 
Flexiole; yielding; bending. 

NORE (w5r«), small of body ; thm ; pitiful. Cf, 
tenore, kohunore. 2. Humiliated ; contempt- 
ible. 3. Small : said of a morsel of food, or 
of fruit not come to maturity. Cf. ninore, 

Nopenore (nhrenihre)^ the plural of, norc, applied 
to fruit and vegetables. 

NORUNORU (nTminbni), soft flesh; with relaxed 

HOTEkHk (nh'te-dha), what for? why? (gene- 
rally in refusal). 

NOTEMEA {nb-te-m^a), because; forasmuch as ; 

NOUMATI {noumdti), dryness ; drought ; weather 
that is oppressive with heat. 

NOUNOU, angry ; passionate ; to be vexed. 
Nounou (nburibn), to ardently desire; to wish 
for passionately ; to lust after. 

Nounouraga (nMintmrdga)^ ardent desire ; oovet- 

Akanounou (aka-nfmrihu), to covet the property 
of others. 

NUHEKE (nuh^ke), soft : said of fruits. 

NUHEKEHEKE (nuh^kehlke), the name of a fish. 

NUI {nui)y great, large. Cf. ouponuij nmanui. 
2. Numerous. 

Nunui (nunhi)^ very great ; very large. 

Akanui, to augment, to add to ; to make great 
or large. 2. To exaggerate. Akanuinui, 
plural of the action ; akanunui, plural of the 

Akanunui, to augment ; to exaggerate an ac- 
count or narrative. 2. To give a large portion 
or share to some one. 

Nuinuinuinui {nTiinhinuinui), very great ; extra- 
ordinarily large or grand. 

NUINUINOA {nhinuinoa)y as large as you please. 

2. Very large ; exceedingly large. Cf. nui 
and noa. 

NUI PL), a portion; a moiety. 2. To cut or 
diviae into portions. 

NUKU, a land ; a country. 2. A place. 

NUMI (numi)y to press ; to squeeze. 

Nunumi (nunumi), to squeeze strongly ; to 
press. 2. To stamp ; to imprint ; to impress. 

3. To seal ; to seal up. 

Nunumiga (nunurniga)^ pressed, squeezed. 2. 
Impressed ; sealed. 

NUNE {nune)y to sit down hastily, going right 
down on the heels. 

NUNORU (nunhru), a kind of crayfish, without 
armour. 2. Soft. 3. New skin that comes 
when the ordinary skin is abraded. 

Nunorunoru (nunbrunbru)^ soft: used in speak- 
ing of the muscles or of the skin. 

NUNUI. See under nui. 

NUNURU, a sprout of the bread-fruit tree in 
the same skin as the fruit. 

NUNUNUNU, to hate in one's heart. 2. passion ; 
anger. Cf, nanonanoy nounou^ akanu, vere- 




O5 a sign of the plural pronoun : I eha tueine f 
Where are your sisters ? 2. A mark of the 
genitive of possession : of ; of the. It is used 
before the names of husband, wife, food, &q. 

(p)i an answering cry or exclamation, used in 
reply to one who calls. 

0, to give. atUy give it to some other person ; 
mai, give it to me. Cf . oake. 

OA (^a), a friend: said of a man loved by an- 

Akaoa (aka-oa), a friend. 

Akaoaoa, friends, companions. 2. To frequent ; 
to keep company with. 

OAQA {odga), a grindstone. 2. A store of fine 
grain. 3. A round cake inade from taro. 

OAKE (o-ake), Give 1 Said in the sense that you 
must give a certain thing to one, superior, 
either by his dignity or position, or by his 
superior physique. See 0, to give. 

OAR A {odra)^ relaxed ; a relaxed condition of 
the body ; diarrhoea. 

OARATOTO (oara-toto)y dysentery. Cf. oara and 

OAR I. See the days of the moon, under ma- 

OE, a war-cry ; a cry to rally all the forces of 
the war-party. Cf . oekoko. 

OE {<f>e)y to make a whistling sound in breathing. 

Oeoe (bebe), to whistle ; to hiss. 

Oega ip^gajy the action of whistling in respira- 

OEKOKO, a cry to call people to a festival or a 
fight. Cf. oe. 

OETUA. See days of the moon, under marama. 

OQA, to abandon. 2. To hate one's spouse for 
being enamoured of some other person. 3. 
To waver; to be irresolute. 4. To refuse 
marriage or conjugal rights ; to dismiss one's 
wife. 5. Active, nimble in getting out of 
the way of a lance-thrust. 6. To refuse to 
fight through cowardice or fear. 

Ogaoga, to waver, to be irresolute. 

Ogaoga (hga^gdj, to twirl or swing a cord 
round, as a skipping rope, so that it does not 
touch the ground. 

Akaoga (aka-hga), a movement of the hands 
when walking. 2. To wave or flutter a flag. 
3. To shake a torch or a piece of cloth in- 
stead of a flag. Akaogaake {aka-oga-ake), the 
superlative expression of aka-oga. 

Akaogaoga (aka-hga-hga), to hang out linen or 
stun to dry. 2. An object carried in the 
hand suspended by its end. 

06 E. hunger; famine ; to be hungry ; famished. 
Ci. mateoge, oriorioge, pakeoge, Ogeoge, plural 
of the action and subject. 

OQI (t>gi)y to kiss; to embrace. Cf. teogi. 2. To 
smell; to sniff. 3. To turn oneself round; 
to pirouette. Plural ogiogi i^gibgi), 

Ogiogi i^gibgi), to kiss often. 

Akaogi (aka-'bgi), to give a kiss. 2. To spin a 
top. 3. To spin round : said of the scene as 
it appears to one who is dizzy. ^ Plural aka- 
ogiogi (aka-'bgibgi), 

Akaogi-atu, to smell ; to kiss ; to embrace. 

Akaogi-mai, to smell ; to kiss ; to embrace. 

Ogiga (og\ga)y the senses of taste and smell. 

OQIOQI-KARAKARA (ogiogi-kdrakdra), food (maa) 
approaching its end, nearly finisned. 

OH A (7)ha)j to fall down ; to tumble down ; to 
be thrown down. 2. The limbs of a sick 
person that have fallen down inert and help- 
less. Cf. roioha. 

Ohaga {7)hdga)j the action of falling down. 

Ohaoha i^ha-oha)^ a boil, carbuncle, or other 
external tumour which causes the muscles to 
droop and dwindle. 

Akaoha (aka-hha), suspended ; hung up in the 

Akaohaoha (aka-hhdbha), to hang up. 

OHE, an oar; a paddle. To row; to paddle. 
2. To labour ; work. 3. A cry from a person 
out of breath. Cf. ohekaiku. 

OHEKAIKU. An exclamation ; a cry of joy. 

OH I {ohi), abortive ; to miscarry ; not to ripen: 
said of plants smothered in foliage or in deep 
shadow. Plural ohiohi {hhibhi). 

OHIRU. See days of the moon, under marama. 

OHO {bho), the head (of human beings). Cf. 
opeohoy rouoho. See upoko, 2. The hair. Cf. 
ohohiruif ohokura^ puoho. 

Akaohooho (aka^hdbho)^ to consolidate ; to 
fasten strongly together. 2. To answer back ; 
to make a sharp reply, while doing that one 
has been ordered to do. 

OHOATA. See days of the moon, under marama. 

OH HINA (bhO'hina)f grey hair. Cf. oho and 

OHOKOH k {oho-kbha), straight hair ; hair with- 
out curl or frizziness. 

OHOKOPA Cbho-khpa), hair falling on the shoul- 
ders without dishevelment. 

OH OKU R A (bhO'kura), red hair. Cf. oho and 

OHOMAATU (ohO'maatu)f hair that curls natu- 

OHOMIHA ipho-miha or 'dho-mlhamlha)y frizzy 

OHOPAQU (hho-pdgu)y black hair. Cf. oho and 

OHOPU {bh0'pu)y not to be well made about the 

Akaohopu (aka-ohopu)^ a slope commencing at 
the foot of the spine, and destroying the 
straightness of the back. 2. To walk with 
the body inclined and bent. Plural aka- 

OHOPU RA (bho^pura), bald. 

OHORAHIRAHI (oko-rahirahi), thin, sparse hair. 




OHORO, that which goes quickly; flying or 
running fast. Cf. hooro^ kihorOf parahoro, 
orOf vavaeohoro, 

OHOTARATARA (hJio-tdratdra), rough, bristly 
hair. Cf. taratara and ohotitaratara. 

OHOTEA (hho-i^)y brown hair ; chestnut hair. 
Cf . tea and oho, 

OHOTITARATARA {bhotitaratara), rough, bristly 
hair. Cf. ohotaratara. 

OHOTU, full moon. See under marama. 

OHOTUNATUNA, very black hair. Cf. oho and 

OH MM A I ®®® days of the moon, under marama. 

OHUOHU (bhy:(>hu), well-cooked invalid food. 

01 (7>i), to stir, to move ; to shift place. 2. To 
approach ; to draw near. 3. To walk affect- 
edly and disdainfully, or with assumed care- 
lessness. 4. To walk turning backwards now 
and then ; wheeling round. Plural oioi (?>i?>t). 

Oioi (UU)f to grind ; to pound; to bray. 2. To 
rub the eyes. 

Oioiga, the action of grinding or rubbing. 

01 Q A (olga), custom ; habitude. 

OIKAKO (oikdko)y well-mixed paste (waa). 

01 RE A, any one who dives without going deep. 

OKA (7)ka), a stick made of hardwood, used as 
a digging-tool. 2. To extract with a tool or 
instrument ; to force out. 3. The name of a 

Oka, to lunge with the lance ; to spear. 

Okaoka (7)kabka), to dart or poke about in the 
coral to drive out fish. 

OKEOKE (hkebke), the name of a flat-fish. 

OKI {oki)y also; and. 2. To return; to come 
back. Okiokl {hkihki), plural of the action; 
ooki (dbki)^ plural of the subject. Cf. okiko- 

Akaoki (aka-hkijy to send back ; to send again ; 
to dismiss. It is used of moral or intellectual 
subjects as of material things, thus : " to reject 
a proposition," " not to accept a present,'* &c. 
Akaokioki {aka-^kidkij^ plural of the action ; 
akaooki (aka-ohH), plural of the subject. 
Akaoki-atu {aka'hki-atujj to make some one 
return or give back a thing to a third person. 
Akaoki-mai {aka-hU-mai), to make some one 
return a thing to the speaker. 

Okiga (^kiga), the return of a person. 

OKI-ATU, OKI-MAI, to go and come; to pass 
backwards and forwards. 

OKIE (7)fcle), an exclamation of rejoicing to wel- 
come a sea- voyager. Ex. : Okie ! Okie ! No 
Rata, no Rata ! Okie ! Okie I Behold ! Eata 
arrives. Hurrah ! 

OKI HO (for oki to), go down; descend. Cf. oki 
and io. 

OKIKOMURI (hkikomuri), to retnrn; to go back 
to the place from which one started. Cf. oki 
and muri. 

OKIKOTUA {7)kikotua), to go back; to drawback; 
to retreat. Okiokl kotua (hkihkikotua), plural 
of the action ; ookitua ((>okitua)y plural of the 
subject. . Cf . oki, tua, okikomuri^ &c. 

OKO {hko)y strong ; solid ; firm. Cf. okoki, 2. 
Hard ; obstinate ; tough. Cf . mataoko. 3. 
Mature ; ripe. 4. To tie a number of coco- 
nuts together. 

Akaoko {aka-7)ko), to make firm, stable; to 
render nard. 2. To hunt, chase away ; to 
drive off. 

Akaokooko (aka-^kdbko), to render very solid; 
to make very firm ; consolidated. 

Akaokoga {aka-hkoga), the action of tying or 
fastening together. 

OKO, to buy ; to sell. 2. To redeem ; to com- 
pensate. 3. To satisfy. 

Okoga (okhga), sale. 2. Bedemption ; satisfac- 
tion. 3. Indulgence. 

Okooko (7)k()hko)y to exchange ; to barter. To 
compensate; to give an equivalent. 2. To 
revenge oneself ; to be revenged. 

Okookoga ^kdhkoga), exchange ; barter. 2. 

OKOORA, to buy or sell on promise, on credit. 

OKOQA. See under oko. 

OKOGAORA, to buy or sell on credit. Cf. okoora. 

OKOKI, to be firm and very solid. Cf. oko. 

OKOKIKO (hkokfko), to ransom one's life by pre- 
sents or labour. 

OKOOKO. See under oko. 

OKOOKOGA. See under oX;o. 

OKORUA (hkorua)j to replace another person; to 
act as substitute. Cf. oko and rua. 

OKOTAHAGA (bkotdhaga), to do nothing but . . . 
Ex. : Moe okotahaga, to do nothing but sleep. 

OKO-TAKAO (hko-takdo), to reply ; to talk back ; 
to make repartee (always said in a bad sense). 
Plural okookotakao (fikdbkotakdo). 

OKOTU (T>ko-tu)y to deliver up any sold or bar- 
tered goods at once. Plural okookotu ipko- 

OMAHARU. See days of the moon, under ma- 

OMAOMA {^nnafma)^ precipitous ; sheer. 2. Pro- 
found ; deep. 3. Empty ; void. 4. To have 
the stomach empty and sick with hunger. 

OMAURE, the moon slightly past the full. See 

OMO (7>mo), to suck ; to suck the breast. 

Akaomo (aka-7mo), to suckle ; to give suck. 2. 
To rear, to bring up, to foster. 

Omoomo {^dfmw), to suck. 

Omoomoga (Tmioonihga), the action of sucking ; 

0M06UTU (hm^gutu), to suck the lips. 

OMOTOHI. See nights of the moon, under ?»a- 

OMOURI. See nights of the moon, under mara- 

ONE 0ne), land in general; earth, soil. Cf. 
onepatapatay onemanu, taparuruone, (fee. 

ONEKURA {hnekura)j red land ; soil having red 
clay mixed with it. 

ONEMANU (bne-mdnu), fertile soil. 




ON EN E {pnMe), to remain a long time bed-ridden 
and unable to rise. 

Onenega (cyntnega)^ the condition of being bed- 
ridden for a long time. 

ON EON E i^hnebne)^ food found in the stomach of 
the squid or octopus. 2. The stomach of the 

ON EON E (bneTme), a very fine thread or filament. 

Akaoneone {aka-TmeTme), to spin very fine, as a 

ON EON E, to vehemently urge to do a thing (only 
used of an inferior urging a superior). 2. To 
beg with importunity ; to press for again and 

ONEPATAPATA {unepdtapdta), sand that is good 
for making mortar. 

ONETEA ipne-tM)y sea-sand. 

ONETUNA (7me-tUTm)t land covered with stones. 
2. Loamy, clayey land. 

ONI ((bni)t to climb up a tree. Of. oniiho. 

Onioni (bntoni)^ to climb up a mount difficult 
of ascent. 

ON IE (onle)y to remain a long time sitting down. 

ONIIHO, to descend from a tree or pole, em- 
bracing it with arms and legs. Cf . om, ihOj 

ONIONI. See under oni. 

ONO (hno), six. 2. The name of a fish. 3. To 
put end to end ; to splice ; to elongate. 4. To 
concoct ; to compose a song. 5. To heat, to 
warm : as ono umUy *' Heat the oven." 6. To 
attend to the fire; to poke it up, keep it 

Onega (ondga)^ the action of poking the fire, &c. 

2. A knot. 3. A small bundle of long things, 

as of branches, rushes, (fee, but not of round 

things. Plural onoonoga. 
Onega, a knot. 2. A joining ; junction. 3. The 

action of putting end to end. 

Onoono. the straws or shreds of pandanus used 
in making a mat. 

ONOTAOTOA (onotaotod)^ a great talker. 

ONU (6nu)y the sea-tortoise; the turtle. Cf. 
pakaonUj taragaonu. 

ONUONU, the name of a crab which dwells in 
the sand. 

OOTU, full moon. See under maraina, 

OPAI. Used as follows : opai-mate, to aMct, 
to vex ; opai-ogCj to famish ; opai-tiatogat to 

OP ATA {opdta)y the end of a piece of land at the 
foot of a mountain. 

OPATI (opdti)y the same as opata. Cf . patipatiga. 

OPE (^«)> the breech, the buttocks, the rump. 
2. The end or tip of fruits. Plural (of No. 2) 
opeope (dpedpe). 

Akaopega {aka-op^ga)^ the end, completion, 
complement. 2. The rear, posterior. 3. To be 
behind ; not to appear. Plural Akaopeopega 

OPEANIU {ppe'dniu)y a small anus. 2. Having 
pointed buttocks. 

OPEKURA (dpe-knra), the last of the bread- }ruit 

OPEOHO (dpe-dho), the back of the head ; the 
occiput. Gf. ope and oho. 

OPI, a venereal disease, at its commencement. 

PI A PA, a paste of met, made from spoilt fruit. 

OPO i^o), to superintend ; to inspect. 2. To 
entertain ; td converse with a person ; to 
provide for his necessities or wants ; to pay 
attention to. Plural opoopo {dpodpo). 

Opoga (opbga), attentions ; watchful care 

Opoopo {Typdbpo), to think about some uncom- 
pleted work. 

OPOTI (opibti), soon ; shortly. 

OPU, food {maa). 2. Fruit that is soft to the 
touch. 3. Flexible ; pliant. Plural opuopu 

ORA (Tyra), life ; to live. 2. Health. Cf. poipoi- 
ora. 3. To grow larger and bigger altogether. 
4. To heal ; to be cured. 6. To escape. 6. To 
sink, as a ship ; to swamp. 7. To drown ; to 
be drowned. 8. To wedge up; to support. 
Plural oraora (bradra). 
Oraga {ordga), life ; existence. 

Oraora (dradra), dust or rain falling into the 

Oraora, a sea under heavy swell. 2. Flatulence, 
wind in the stomach. 

Orataga (oratdga), necessary ; necessary to 

Akaora (aka-^a), to cause to live ; to give life 
to ; to allow a person to live. 2. To save ; to 
give safety. Plural akaoraora (aka-hrahra). 
Akaorahu {aka-'bra-hu), a deliverer, saviour. 

Akaoraora, to pretend to let go ; to feign to 
release : said of children who release fish into 
pools on the sea-shore. 

ORAKAU, one of the quarters of the moon. See 

ORANOA {ora-noa)y eternal lite ; life uninter- 
rupted by sickness, &g. Cf . ora and noa. 

ORAORA. See under ora. 

ORA PAH U iprapdhu), to be very green and vigor- 
ous : said of trees. Cf . ora and pahu. 

ORATAGA. See under ora. 

ORE (^re), to dig out, to excavate: said of water 
which excavates the soil, as in flood. 

Oreo re (brebre), to smooth off ; to level the in- 
equalities of land. 

Oreore, soft ; amiable ; pleasant ; agreeable. 
2. Of good character. 

OR I (bri), an outcry ; shouting. 2. A search ; a 
quest. 3. Ori-ma, to change the leaves of a 
pit of maa. 

Oriori (bribri), the sweet sound of a musical 
instrument made of papyrus. 

0RI0RI06E, the beginning of a famine. Cf. oge. 

ORO, an exclamation giving the idea of promp- 
titude. Cf. horo, brbro, kihoro, hooro, ohoro. 
2. Then ; at that time. 3. After that ? What 
next ? 

ORO, to wash ; to rub ; to wash with rubbings. 
Cf . oroi. 2. To make friction. 3. To whet ; 
to sharpen. 4. To sweep. 5. Joined, united ; 
fitted together. Plural orooro. 






Ororo, to rub ; friction. 

Akaoro, to swim under water. 2. To grope ; 
to feel one's way. 3. To feel ; to touch once. 
4. To walk about gropingly. 

Akaorooro, to touch, to handle frequently. 
2. To cause to slip. 

ORO (^o), a falling in ; a falling down ; a land- 
slip. Cf. horo. 2. To swallow, to swallow 
down. Cf . oropu, 3. To eat one's words ; to 
pocket an affront. 4. To pass along quickly : 
said of a ship. 5. The small bones in the 
fingers and toes ; a phalanx. 

Akaorooro (aka-orooro), to touch ; to feel ; to 
handle. 2. To tattoo frequently. 3. To cause 
to slide or glide. 

Ororoga {ororhga)^ a steep slope; steep; a high- 
pitched roof. 

OROATARAREGA (orodtararlga), a long uninter- 
rupted speech or discourse. 

ORO-A-TOKI, to speak very quickly, precipi- 

ORO-A-RUA (oro-d-rua)y a fall of seeds or berries 
coming down here and there like rain. 2. A 
rolling sound on the drum ; to make such 

OROQA, the name of a running plant. 2. A kind 
of very fine net. 

ORO HE (orohe)y a whaling-ship. 

OROI, anything used as a wiper after washing; 
a towel, handkerchief. Cf . oro^ to wash. 2. 
To rub the eyes. 

Orooroi, to wash the hands. 2. To graze ; to 
glance ; to slide. 

OROKURA (orbkura), fishes arriving in shoals 
jduring low tides to deposit their roe or eggs. 
2. An abundance of fruit, &c, 

OROMOKO, to eat fish raw when it is unusual to 
eat such fish uncooked. 

OROMONUNU (oronwnUnu) superficial; a disease 
affecting only the outer skin. 2. To slip on 
the skin : said of a blow. 

RON AN I (orondni), to pronounce badly; to 
construct one's phrases badly. Oronaninani 
{prondnindni)^ plural of the action ; orooronani 
\oroorondni)y plural of the subject. 

OROOROI. See under orot. 

OROOROVAI i^rdfrravdi), the name of a fish. 

OROPO, obedient. 2. The preparation of soaked 
papyrus to be beaten into cloth. 

OROPU, to swallow without mastication ; to 
swallow at a gulp ; to bolt. Cf. oro. 

ORORO. See under oro. 

ORORO ^rtrro)^ a term of execration, of passion, 
. or of indignation. 2. A curse ; an impreca- 
tion. 3. A cry of joy, of welcome. Cf . oro. 

OROROQA. See under hro, 

OROVATA iibrovata)y paste (maa) badly kneaded. 

ORU (bru), the noise of a branch that is entan- 
gled, or loaded down. 2. To abound ; to be 
glutted. 3. To overflow ; to run over. 

Oriioru, conflict. 2. Confluent ; running to- 
gether ; agitated, as two streams meeting. 
Moanaoruoru, a tossing sea. 

ORU A (orua)^ the entry of a pair of fish of the 
same kind into a basket sunk in the sea ; said 
also of two persons answering a question or 
call at the same time. Cf . rua. 

OTA (?)ta), raw ; uncooked. Cf . kaiota. 2. To 
eat raw. Plural otaota (htdbta). 

OTANE. See days of the moon, under nmrama. 

OTI (Mi) J the end. Finality; finished; to be 
ended. 2. At last ! Enough ! Otioti (btidti), 
plural of the action ; ooti (obti)j plural of the 

Akaoti (aka'bti)j to finish, to bring to an end ; 
to achieve. 

Otiga (^%a), the end; termination. 

OTITU (Uitu), soon ended ; promptly finished. 

OTO, an arrow. 2. A venomous bone with 
which the point of a lance is armed. Cf . aka- 
moehoto. 3. A coco-nut without husk. 4. 
Timber suitable for a vessel's masts. 

OTOMANU (otoindnu)^ the lower part of the 
spinal column. .2. The backbone. 

OTUOTU, the season when winds, fish, bread- 
fruits arrive. 

Akaotu, the spring-time. 

OTURU, one of the quarters of the moon. See 
under marama. 

OU, a great abundance of fruit; a splendid 

OUAUA {ouaUa)^ to carry a large bundle. 

OUMAMA {oumdma)^ to swell, to puff up ; to in- 
^ flate. 

lOUOU, a drill ; a borer ; to pierce with a drill. 
' 2. To try and discover the cause of a noise. 

OUPA (oUpa)^ the name of a small fish. 

OUPARU, a dirty mat ; soiled matting. 

OUPO (oupo)^ the heart. Cf. oupoiti, ouporeka. 

OUPOHITIHITI (oupohitihlti), to be smothering ; 
short of breath ; pursy ; broken-winded. 2. 
fatigued ; weary. 

OUPOITI (oupoiti)j idle, lazy: without industry 
or courage. A feeble man. Cf . oupo^ itif and 

OUPOKAVA (ohpokdva)^ a malicious man ; wick- 
ed. Cf. oupo and kava. 

OU PON U I (ouponui) y laborious. 2. Stout-hearted ; 
courageous. Cf . oupo, wm, oupoiti. 

OU POREKA, valiant ; warlike. Cf. oupo^ ouponui, 

OUPORU, a coward; a frightened person. Cf. 
oupo and ru. 

OUPOTEA (ohpotea)j to crush, to overwhelm ; to 
oppress a person with too much work. 

OURUA, the running of water when uninter- 
rupted (not drop by drop). To run freely. 
2. To go swiftly and pass out of bight without 
going oehind a headland, &o. 

OU RU PE (ourupe)^ a soft thread not well twisted. 

OUTU, to dive ; to plunge, as a cascade falls. 

OVE, a war-cry. 2. A shrill cry. To give out 
sharp cries, or war-cries. 

OVEIO (oveio)j to remain ; to dwell. 2. To give 
leave, to allow, permit ; to give. 

OVEO, very cold. Intense cold. 




Pa (pa)i an inter jection, used as a call to atten- 
tion : Look here ! Listen ! 

PA (l>a), an enclosure ; a fenced place. Cf. pa- 
gagay pakahiu, pakai. 2. A hedge. 3. Bows of 
men in many ranks. See papaga, under papa. 
4. A wall. Pa-kupega, the sides of a net ; pa- 
kaiga^ a boundary, a limit. 5. Sterile : said 
of a woman. (Aka-paraga^ the last infant} a 
woman can beaj: in her life.) 6. To prattle : 
said of children. 7. To touch ; to strike ; to 
strike home. Cf . rimapa, paha, pake^ pakika, 
pakipakiy patu^ &g. 8. To touch, in the sense 
of two bodies that touch each other without 
any space between. 

Paraga, the action of touching roughly. 2. To 
leave a confined or narrow place. 3. Child- 

Akapa (aka-pd)^ to raise the hand for striking, 
but not to do more. 2. To touch a thing, but 
only to touch or feel. 3. To fly or soar in the 
air without moving the wings. 4. To take 
hold or handle very cautiously. 6. To kill any 
one. 6. To threaten with the hand. 

Papa (pd,pd)y to beat, to strike. 2. See under 

Akapapa (aka-pdpd), to touch, to handle a long 
time. 2. See under pdpa. 

Akapapapapa, to humiliate ; to bring low. 

PAMANIA, to skim over; to graze. 2. Involun- 
tary : said of words and actions. 

PATETERIGA (pd-te-t^nga)^ Good! Word for 
word ! said of a speech that pleases the ears. 

PAE (pde)y a widow. 2. Unmarried. 

PAE, to float at the mercy of the waves; to 
drift. Cf . pdeay kopaepae. 2. To follow the 
course of the water that carries one away. 
3. To place in a row or rank. Of foregoing 
verbs, paepae, plural of the action; papae 
(papde)y plural of the subject. 4. To con- 
struct ; to build. Pae umUy to make a native 

Paega {pa^ga)y a rank, row; order. Paega-itiy 
a verse ; a sentence. 

Paepae (pdepdejy a pavement ; to place with 
regularity the stones of a wall, or leaves hori- 
zontally in a hole (as food-covering). 

PAE A (pdea)y to walk with difficulty, bending 
with weakness. Cf . pa£y to drift. 2. To pro- 
ceed (i.e., be thrown) in a slanting or oblique 
way : said of a lance not going straight, end 
on. Paeaea (j^oeoda), plural of the action; 
papaea {papa^)y plural of the subject. 

PAG AG A (pagdga)y an assemblage of things. 2. 
A village ; a town. Cf . pay a fenced place ; 

PAGARI {pagdri)y a light slap; a blow of no 
weight. Cf . pa 7. 2. Bruised, black and blue. 

PAGO A (pagba)y a small hole in the ground, or 
in a stone. 

Akapagoa, to excavate a small hole in which 
to place food (rtiaa). Plural akapagoagoa. 

PAGU, black. Cf. kinpagu. 

Akapagu (aka-pdgu)y to blacken. Plural aka- 
pagupagu {aka-pdgupdgu). 

Pagupagu (pdgupdgu)y deep black; intensely 

PAGUMEHEREPO, to be black with some sick- 
ness, or with being worn out. 

PAHA (pdha)y the generic name for inhabited 
bays, or for a tribe. 2. A cove ; a creek ; a 
little bay. 3. To hatch out, as young birds ; 
to emerge ; to come out. To come up or 
appear, as fruits, or as a fountain springing 
from the earth. 4. To touch or handle 
roughly. Cf . pa. 5. To burst ; to crack. 6. 
To come forth from the bosom of the mother. 
Pahaha (pahdha)y plural of the action ; papaha 
{papdha)y plural of the subject. 

Akapaha (aka-pdha)y to squeeze a sore place to 
express the pus. Akapahapaha (aka-pdha- 
pdha)y plural of the action ; akapapaha (aka- 
papdha), plural of the subject. 

Pahapaha (pdhapdha)y a confused noise of 
animated conversation. 

Paharaga (pahardga)y the action of emerging, 

PAHA, the props or supports of the boards on 
which offerings to the gods are placed. 

PAHAHA lpahdha)y clearly articulated: said of 
words spoken. Cf . haha. 2. See under paha. 

PAHAKA (pahdka), to be healed or nearly healed 
or cured : said of a sick person. 

Akapahaka, to be convalescent. 2. To have the 
neck wrinkled by sickness. Akapahakahaka, 
plural of the action and subject. 

PA H A PA H A. See under paha. 

PAHARA (pahdra)y to escape; to evade pursuit. 
2. To miss one's mark ; to miss your man (in 
fighting). Paharahara (pahdrahdra)y plural of 
the action ; papahara (papahdra)y plural of the 
subject. Ci. hdra. 

PA H A U, vigorous; strong-growing: only said of 

PAH EKE (i?a/igA;e), slippery. To slip; to slide. 
Pahekeheke (pahekeh^ke)y plural of the action ; 
papaheke (papaK^ke)y plural of the subject. 

Akapaheke (aka-paMke)y to make slippery. 
Plural akapahekeheke {aka-pahekeheke). 

PA HERE (pahere)y a comb. To comb one's hair. 
Plural pahepehere. 

PA HI {pdhi), a vessel, a ship. 2. To be flattened 
in falling : said of ripe fruit. Plural papahi 

PAHIIETOTO (pahii-e-toto)y a gush of blood. Cf. 

PA HO RE {pahbre)y a cut ; a chop ; a slice. To 
slice, to cut ; to cut off. 2. To rough-hew ; 
to chop superficially. Plural pahorehore {pa- 
hbrehbre). Cf. kahorcy mohorCy hohore. 

Pahoreraga, the action of cutting off, &c. 

PAHU (pdhu)y a drum. 2. To rush, dash; to 
precipitate oneself upon a person. Plural 
papahu (papdha)* 




Pahupahu (pdhupdhu)^ to be vigoroas : said of 
bananas. Cf . orapahu, 2. To call names, as a 
fool or idiot does. 

PA I. See aka-pai, 

PAKA ^pdka), a onist ; a cake. Cf. pake, 2. A 
scab ; scurf. Cf . roupaka. A kind of itch ; a 
cutaneous disease. 3. A scale; a shell; a 
chipping. Cf. pakaonu, 4. Pieces of flat 
wood, such as shingles. 5. A fragment. Cf . 

Pakapaka (pakapaka)^ burnt, nothing but crust : 
said of food (maa). 2. A term of disdain or 

Akapaka {aka-pdka)^ to cook so that the surface 
of the food forms a crust. 2. To season, 
ripen : said of timber, &c., placed in water. 
Plural aliapakapaka (aka-pdkapdka), 

PAKAANO {p'ika-dno)t a kind of salutation ut- 
tered at parting : Go then ! Farewell ! 

PAKA A R A, to do well, to succeed in anything. 
Cf. pakaora, 

PAKAATUTIRI, hail ; hailstones. Cf. paka and 

PAKAHIU, a fort; a wall of hard stones; a 
rampart. Cf> pa, 

PAKA I, an enclosed cultivation ; a garden- Cf. 
pa and kai. 

PAKAKINA (paka-kina), to crack; to make a 
noise as of striking or breaking. Plural 
pakapakakina (pdkapdka-klna), 

PAKAKORE, small feet ; small hands. 

PAKANI (pakdni), habituated; practised; used 

PAKAOKAO (pakaokho), the name of a long 
bread-fruit. 2. The side ; on a side ; a side 
wind. 3. One who has received a blow on 
the side. 3. To increase in years but not in 
size : said of a child. 

PAKAONU (p^ka^lmu), the shell of a turtle; 

PAKAORA {paka-^a)y to be victor ; victorious ; 
superior. Pakapakaora, plural of the action ; 
papakaorai plural of the subject. Cf . ora and 

Pakaoraraga (pakabrarhga), a victory. 

Akapakaora (aka-pakaibrajf to render victorious. 

Akapakapakaora (aka-pakapakaTn-a), to make an 
assault ; to storm ; to prepare to carry oif . 
2. To draw lots. 

PAKAPAKA. See under paAa. 

PAKAREPOTARO, the crust of soil in a taro 

PAKATAI (pdka-tdi), a tree growing on the coast. 
Cf. tot. 

PAKAUITARO, a plant having an edible bulb. 

PAKE (p^ke), hard. 2. To strike anything. Cf. 
Pakega (pak^a), the action of striking. 

Pakepake (p^kepUke)^ a reprimand ; to reprove. 
2. Advice, counsel, exhortation ; to advise, to 
preach at. 3. To excite by speech ; to rouse. 
4t To strike with little blows. 

Pakepake^a (pak^pak^ga), reprimand ; reproof ; 


PAKEHE {pakihe), the name of a fish. 2. 
Disobedient ; dull ; insensible ; to disobey. 
Pakehekehe, plural of the action ; papakehe 
(papdkhhe)f plural of the subject. Cf. pakie. 

PAKEHETUTU {pak^he-tutu)^ to be obstinatd; 
firm in disobedience. 

Pakehetutututu {pak^he-^ttuutu)^ to habitually 


PAKEPAKE. See under pake. 

PAKEPAKEQA. See under i)aJk«. 

PAKERIKERI (pa-khikM), to be very rich; to 
have a large quantity of maa. 

Paken'keriraga (pakhrikhiraga), the circum- 
stance of having wealth. 

PAKIA (phkia), bread-fruit ripened by the 
south wind, and fiattened out by falling on 
the ground Plural papakia (papakla). 

PAKIAKA {pakidka), dry, drying, withering: 
only said of winds. 

PAKIE, the name cf a bearded fish. 2. Dis- 
obedient. Cf. pakehe. 

PAKIHI {paklH), the name of a plant, a kind of 

PAKIKA (pakika), to deal a blow when hewing 
timber Pakrkakika (pakikaldka), plural of 
the action; papakika (papakika), plural of 
the subject. Cf pa. 

Pakikaraga (paklkarHtga), the action of the 
preceding verb. 

PAKIKA {paklkh)y to fall over; to lose one's 

PA K I PA K I {pakiphki)f to slap; to strike with 
light blows. Cf . pay pakika, &c. To break : 
said of waves, but also of a spear. 

PapakI (papdki)^ to slap. 2. To pummel. 3. 
To break : said of the sea. Cf . pakakina. 

PAKIRIKIRI (paklriklri), an enclosure on the 
reefs made for taking fish. Cf. pa and kiri- 

PAKITURA (pakitura)^ to be yellow; weak; 
burnt up by wind and sun : said of trees and 
plants. Plural pakipakitura. 

PAKO (pdko), to swim on the back. 2. To ex- 
haust every mode of attempt to live in time 
of famine. Cf . pakooge. Pakopako {piikopdiko)^ 
plural of the action ; papako (papdko)^ plural 
of the subject. 

Pakoga (pakhga)y the action of swimming on 
the back. 

PAKOIOHI, soft sheU-fish. 2. Thread-like sea- 
weeds. Syn. pakoukoi. 

PAKOITARA, the name of a running plant 
having a bulbous root. 

PAKOITI, the name of a fish. 

PAKOKO (pakbko), the male fiower of the bread- 

PAKOOGE (pakO'Oge)^ to search for food in time 
of famine. Cf. pako and oge. 

PAKOPAKO (pako-pako), the name of a soft fish 
which dwells among scones. 2. See under 

PAKOPAKOURUTU, to be fatigued with tearoh- 



PAKOTI {pal0H)f scissors for cutting cloth ; to 
cut witli scissors. Cf. koti. 

PAKOTU k {pakotua)y deserted, abaxxdoned; an 
orphan. Plural pakopakotua. 

PAKOUKOI. 8yn. pakoiohi. 

PAKOUKOU, the name of a fish; also called 
tainoka. It can be caught with a hook. See 

PAKU, the covering of the roof ; thatch. The 
ridge or coping of a building. 2. A cloudy 
sky; overcast weather. Ci.ragipaku. 3. IStuff; 
native cloth. 4. A piece of old roofing. 

Pakupaku (pakupaku), an overcast sky ; cloudy. 
2. A funeral ceremony where the corpse is 
not present. 3. The base, prop, support, 

Papaku (papdku)j the base, foundation. Cf. 
papa. 2. Slightly raised ; a slight elevation. 

Akapaku (aka-paku), that which entirely covers 
the sky, such as heavy clouds. 

Akapakupaku (aka-pakupaku), th&t which covers 
the sky at intervals, as passing clouds, allow- 
ing the sun to be seen now and the a. 

Akapapaku {aka-papdku)^ to dig a hole, but not 
very deep. 

PAKUHIVI {pakuhlvi), the shoulder. 2. The 
point of a paddle. 3. To raise a bundle or 
burden from the ground. 4. A name given 
to a nephew. 

PAKUKUKUKU (pakukukUku), rough, uneven: 
said of a road. 

PAKUPAKU. See under paku. 

PAKUTEA (pakut^)f the countenance; a fair 

Akapakutea {akapakutla)^ to be pale; to have 
lo^t colour. 

PAKUUMU (phku-umu)y the savoui: of an oven. 
2 The black smoke or lamp-black from an 
oven. Cf . pdku and umu. 

PAMOA (pamda)^ cooked on the hot coals with- 
out an envelope ; to grill. Plural pamoamoa 
(pa7n:bam:ba). Cf. akamoa (under moa). 

PAN A, to talk together; to confer, but to say 

Panapana, heaviness of body; torpor; dulness. 
Panapana i te ohOy headache. 

PAN A (pdna)f to push or touch any one lightly 
as a sign. Panapana (pdnapdna), plural of 
the action ; (papdna), plural of the subject. 

PANAPANAUAKI, a handsome ruddy face. 

PANAUEA, a bread-fruit slightly larger than a 
turkey's egg. 

PANE {pdne)t the forehead ; the upper part of 
the face. The term is also applied (as ** brow **) 
to mountains, rocks, high lands, &c. Cf . ano- 
akoupaiUj kiripane. 

PANEHU (pari^hu), to fade; to wither. 
Panehunehu (pan^hun^hu), quite faded. 

PAN EM AG A {pane-miliga)^ rocks upon a moun- 
tain. Cf. pane and rnaga, 

PA NEMAN EGA (ptineman^ga), the white of an 
egg; albumen. 

PANEOKO (p^ne^ko)^ wild, bold, audacious. 



PA NEU, grey, dirty ; covered with dust. 

PA N I (i)dni), to anoint, to oil. Panipani (pHtnl- 
pani), plural of the action; papani (papdni), 
plural of the subject. Cf. tapanipani and 

Paniga (panXga)^ unction ; anointing. 

PA N I A (pania), a woman married by a widower ; 
a second wife. 2. Children by a second 

PAN IN A, to go out. 2. To slip, slide. 

PAN 10 (pan\o)^ to take paste {rnaa) with the 
thumb and first finger, or with a piece of 
wood. Plural pan ionic. 

Panioga (pani'bga)^ the action of panto. 

Akapanlo {aka-panio)^ to take food (maa) be- 
tween finger and thumb in helping one's self. 
Plural akapan ionic (aka-pan\on\o), 

PAO (pdo) or PAU, to be blamed, admonished. 
2. To be turned away. 3. To be beaten ; to 
be put to death. Cf . paotCa. 4. To be finished ; 
to be without remainder. 5. Fallen down. 
Paopao (pUopao), plural of the action ; papao 
(papdo)y plural of the subject. 

Paoga (pdoga)y the action of pao. The end. 
2. Scolding, chiaing. 

Akapao (aka-pao)^ to grumble at, mutter at; 

Akapaopao {aka-pdopdo)^ to often grumble at ; 
to CO u t inually repri mand . 

PAO A (poofl), to be poor; wandering; vagabond. 
Cf . ragipaoa. 


Paoaraga (pdoardga)^ poverty; without pro- 
perty or standing. 

PAO A H I (pdodhi) , to burn one's self : said of men. 
Paopaoahi, plural of the action; papaoahi, 
plural of the subject. 

Paoahiraga (phoahiraga)^ the action of burning 
one's self. 

PAOKO {pabko)y the name of a fish. 

PAOKONOHORUA (paibko-tibho-rua), one who hto 
only a small piece of ground. 

PAORA (pdora)^ warmth ; noontide heat. 2. To 
get a sun-stroke. 3. To be darted at by sun- 
rays; to feel the eifects of radiant heat. 
Paopaora (pdopdora), plural of the action ; 
papaora (papaidra)^ plural of the subject. Cf. 
pao and ra. 

PAOUA, all is finished ; all have been extermi- 
nated. Cf . pao. 

PAPA (pdpd)f a plank; a board. 2. A flat rock 
in the sea ; a rock standing out of the ground. 
Ct, papaku. 3. The hard bottom of a hole. 
4. A bed or layer of verota stone. 5. A base, 
foundation. 6. A plant resembling a bean. 

Papaga (papdga)^ in rows or ranks. Cf. pa. 2. 
A layer ; a story (of a house) ; a tier. 3. A 
border, margin. Cf . paega, pagaga, 

Papapapa (pdpapdpa), low ; of slight elevation. 
Ci. papaku and papa. 

Akapapa (akor^pdpaV to heap up objects. 2. To 
accumulate. 3. To put in line, in ranks. 4. 
To exterminate. Cf. aka-pa (under pa). 5. 
To put an end to ; to finish. 6. To classify 
things or people. 7. To establish a genealogy, 




by oommeDcing with a father and repeating 
back along the line of ancestry. 8. To fold ; 
to make folds. 7. To set down the different 
lands, (&c., of a tribe. 

Akapapapapa, to bring low, to homiliate 

PAPA, to clap, crack ; to shine out, glitter : said 
of nints, (&c., struck together. 2. To shed its 
beams : said only of the moon, newly risen. 

PA PA HA, a stranger in Polynesia: used of a 
European or American. 

PAPAH EKE. See under paheke. 

PA PA H I. See under paM, 

PAPA H UORO, to reprimand strongly ; to reprove 
vehemently. Cf. papa, 

PA PA N A. See under pana, 

PAPAIORO, a fragment of pearl-shell (nacre). 

PAPAKA, a kind of crab (crustacean). Cf . papaka- 
tea^ papakapuahutu, 2. An o nament for the 
roof of a house (the ^ in a lozenge). 

PAPAKA (popd/ca), paste, porridge. 2. A malady 
in the nesh. 

PAPAKA I A, to pursue the gods (in certain 
magical ceremonies) with leaves of ti, 

PAPAKAPUAHUTU (papakapTmhutu), the name 
of a crustacean, a kind of crab. Cf . papaka 
and papakatea. 

PAPAKATEA (papakatea), the name of a crusta- 
cean, a crab. 

PA PA K I . See under pakipaki, 

PAPAKI KA. See under pakika. 

PA P A K U . See under paku. 

PAPAPAPA. See under p^pd. 

PAPAPOTOPOTO (papapbtopoto)y short: said of 
. the trunk of a tree. Cf. papa, poto, papa- 

PAPAPUKU (papapuku), the hinder part of the 
thighs near the buttocks. Cf . puku, kakipuku, 
kopuapuku, &c. 

PA PA R A. See under para, 

PAPA RAH UE {paparahue)y an elongated bundle 
of small cooked fish. 

PA PAR AR I (paphrari), flexible, pliant, supple; 
without stiffness. 

Akapaparari {aka-pap^rari), to crush a fruit, 
&c., by allowing it to fall to the ground. 

PA PA RE. See under pare, 

PAPARENOTEITI {paphreiibtelti), the name of a 

PAPARIQA, the cheek. 2. The side, flank. 

PAPARIQAVERARA, a place having Uttle ver- 

PAPAROROA (paparorba), long: said of the 
trunk of a tree. Cf . papa, roa, papapotopoto. 

PAPAVAI (^pavdi), to remove earth from under 

PAPEKAPEKA, (paplhkaplka),a,cji\, or wound that 
heals rapidly. 

PAPIKI, to make a hiding-place. 

PAPU, to turn up a garment at the bottom ; to 
roll up to the knee. 

Akapapapu {nka-papdpu), to weave badly, 
coarsely. Blural akapapapapapu (aka-papa- 

PAPU HE IpapUhe), to leap into the sea; to leap 
from a high place to a low. 

PARA (p^a), ripe, matured. Cf. tupara, 2. 
Herbs or leaves dried in the ground. 3. 
Bepetition. Plural papara (papd,ra), 

Akapara (aka-phra), to ripen fruit in the earth. 
2. To prepare in water the papyrus, branches, 
and bark, or bread-fruit trees, filaments of 
coco, &G, 3. To make better, to improve 

Parapara (phrapiiira), an uncultivated portion 
of land belonging to the same person as the 
cultivated land. Cf . parahura, 

Akaparapara (aka-p^rap^ra)^ the Bides, the 
flanks, from arm-pit to hip. 

PAR A A, the rest, remainder. 

Akaparaa {aka-parHui), to leave off a tale for 
another to continue. 2. To repeat; repeti- 
tion. 3. To say a thing too late. 

PA RAG A. See under pa, 

PA RAG I A (paragla), feebleness through want of 
sleep (not from sickness). 2. Distaste, dislike ; 
to feel distaste. 3. Bored ; boredom ; ennui. 
Paraparagia (pa/raparagxa), plural of the 
action ; paparagia (paparagia), plural of the 

PARAHA (pardha), to sit down on the ground 
with the legs thrust out. 2. To lie down on 
the stomach. 3. To sit as a hen ; to brood, 
to hatch. 

PARAHAPU (parhha-pu), to wish to obtain the 
work or occupation of some other person. 2. 
To push one's self boldly into the midst of an 
assembly or knot of persons. Paraharahapu 
(paraharahapv), plural of the action; papara- 
hapu (paparahkpu), plural of the subject. 

PARAHORA (parahdra), lands lying between 
mountains and bays. Cf . parapara, 

PARAHORO, an avalanche; a landslip. 2. The 
name of lands in Akamaru. 

PA RAH U (parhhu), to be spoilt, damaged. Plural, 
paparahu (paparhhu), 

Parahuraga, the condition of being spoilt. 

PARAI (parai), to walk about ; to do nothing 
but walk about. Parapara! (paraparhi), plural 
of the action ; paparai (paparhi), plural of the 

PARAI RAi (i)orfttrai), flat ; even; level. 01, pa- 
raurau. 2. Fine, small. 3. Said of the clothes 
as to mode of fitting on the shoulders. Cf . 


Akaparairai, flat ; flattened. Cf. akaparaira, 

PARAKAHA, to make a tight ball in winding 
thread. Cf . kaha, 

PARAKAI, remains of food (maa), sticking to the 
leaves, envelopes, or wrappers. Cf . para and 

PARAKATIKI, the name of a fish. 

PARAKAU (parakiHu), to collect all the people 
together about one for the purpose of displky 
or pride. 




PARAKAVA i^parakdva), a husband who does not 
remain with his wife, or tice versd, 

PARAMOA, a faboloas object supposed to cause 
sleep ; a sleeping-charm or amulet. 

PARAMOKOHE (paramokdTie), sparks and burn- 
ing leaves, <&c., carried by the wind. 

PARAPARA. See under para, 

PARAPARAKAU, rags, tatters; an old garment. 

PARAPU, north-west ; the north-west wind. 

PARAPU-PA-TIU {parapu-pa-nu)j west-north- 

PARAPU-PA-TOKORAU, north-north-west. 

PARARA {pardra)t to cook on the top of a native 
oven, on the coals covering the wrapped up 
food. Plural parararara {parhrararaj. 

PARARAE, beardless ; or having the beard just 

PARARIMA, the back of the hand. Cf. nma, 2. 
The part kept by the worker for himself out 
of the thing worked at. 

PA RATA, a mat of coarse texture. 

PA RATA HI, a very fine mat. Cf. paretaM, 

PARAUQA {paraugajf an imperfect resemblance, 
not alike. 

PARAURAU (paroAJtrau), a flat bottomed boat or 
vessel ; a barge. Ci. parairai. 

PARE {pare)y a covering for the head, a cap. 
2. A roof. 3. The top or cap of a pillar. 4. 
The side, the flank ; the slope of a mountain. 
5. A square beam used to support the floor 
of a house. 

Parepare (p> to shut or close firmly. 2. 
That wnich closes an aperture (hence a 
window, if of glass or other solid). 3. Having 
the wind astern. 

Papare (papdre), a gate, a door; the thing used 
to fill up an opening. 2. A lid, cover. 3. The 
handle of a tbing. 

Akapare (aka-phre)^ to make a head-dress or 
hat. Akaparepare (aka-parep<ire)j plural of 
the action ; akapapare {aka-papd,re)^ plural of 
the subject. 2. To close ; to shut ; to stop. 

Papareraga {papdrerdga)^ the action of shutting 
or closing. 

PAREARO (pdredro)j the front of a house. Cf. 

PAREHAHAE {pdrehahde), a declaration of war 
by tearing a head-dress to pieces. Cf. pare 
and hoe. 2. To tear a head-dress. 

PAREITIRA {pareidra), the upper part of the 
leg, the calf. 

PAREMARU (paremaru), the sides of the calf of 
the leg. 

PAREPARE. See under pare. 

PAREPAREKITEHARE (parephre-H-U-hhre), food 
arriving from some other place but not a 
constant supply. 

PAREPARE TE RUAIKA (pdrephre te rUa4ka), 
not to return home; not to come back to 
one's parents. 

PAR ERA {parhra)y a piece of coral, generally 
circular and flat. 2. To throw horizontidly 
i9ithout raising the arm. Parerarera (pa- 

rh'arh'a), plural of the action ; paparera (jMt- 
jyordra), plural of the subject. 

Pareraga (pdrerdga)^ the action of throwing, &c. 

PAREREKI, a piece of clean papyrus used for 
adorning the head. Cf . pare, 

PARETAHI {pitret^hi), a finely-woven mat. Cf. 

PARETUA (piiretUa), the back of a house. Cf. 
parearo and tua, 

PARETUAKAO (parethahho), the palate of the 

PAREU {parhi)t the girdle, loin-doth. 2. An 

PARI, a wave, a breaker; a wave that strikes 
upon a rook and breaks into foam with a 
noise. 2. A low grumbling, roaring sound. 
3. To hum a lullaby, to coo to a child, to 

Pari (pdri), to run : said of blood. 2. To roll ; 
to roll and break, as a swell or billow. Pari- 
pari {pdripdri)^ plural of the action ; papari 
{papdri), plural of the subject. 

Pariga {parlga)^ the sides: said of hills, boxes, 
and thmgs generally. 

Pari pari {piiirip^ri)^ to come on board: said of 
waves that break into a canoe. 

Pari pari, a place where the sea breaks with a 
loud noise. 

Akapari (aka'pdri)^ irregular menstruation in 

PARO (paro)t to waste, to spoil; to throw away: 
said of food. Paroparo {pd^rophro), plural of 
the action. 

Akaparoparo, to affect to disdain ; to pretend 
to reject. 

PARO RE {parTyre), small fish similar to paume* 
umey but larger. 

PARO-TE-KAI, having plenty of food (maa)^ 

PARU (p^ru)j spittle, saliva; to spit. Cf. ouparu, 
2. To punish, to chastise ; to reprimand, re- 
prove. 3. To eat a thing by mistake for 
something else, 

Paruparu (p^ruphru), to spit often. 2. To chew 
a certain substance that is to be spat into the 
sea to attract fish. 3. To pull out a fish by 
introducing a hook into its place of refuge. 
Plural paparu (paparu), 

Paruga {paruga)^ ] punishment, chiding, 
Paruraga (parurhga), j reprimand, &c, 

PARU A, to have a collision, run foul of : as one 
canoe of another. Syn. tutakirua, 

PARUAI (parudt), monstrous, hideous, horrible 
to the sight. 

PARURU {pdruru)y the helm, the rudder of a 

PA R U R U H I (paruruhi), to disdain ; to treat with 

Akaparuruhi (aka-paruruhi), to reject ; to refuse. 

PATAI (phthi), to barricade. 2. The edge of the 
bulwark oi a canoe, or a temporary protection 
to heighten the side against waves. 

PATAKA {pathka), to roast or grill food (maa) 
on hot coalSr 2. Food so cooked without a 




wrapper. Patakataka (patakataka), plural of 
the action ; papataka (papataka), plural of the 

Patakaraga {patakaraga)^ the action of roasting 
a thing on not coals. 

PATAPATA (patapata), large, big; gross. Of. 

PATARI {patdn)^ to pay ; to reward ; to recom- 

Patariga (patarlga), price ; payment. 

Patariraga {patarirhga), the action of paying 
or recompensing. 

PATATU (patdtu)y a small mat of coarse texture. 

PATAU {pat^u), to carry a thing on the shoul- 
ders; placed horizontally on the shoulders. 
Plural patautau (patautau). 

Akapatau (aka-patdu)j to put the hands across 
on the snoulders of another person. 2. To 
carry a child or bundle on the shoulder. 

PATI Kl (patiki)y to have the habit of sitting down 
on the roads. 

PATI-NOUMATI, dryness, drought. 

PATIPATIGA (patipatlga), the foot of the hiQs. 

PATiTI (patttijj a small instrument used in 
making papyrus cloth. 

PATITO (pafito)j to leap over anything ; to jump 
a brook. 

Akapatito {aka-patito)^ to pass one thing over 
another ; to make someone or something pass 
over an object. Plural akapatitotito. 

PATITO {patitojf a little horn or spine on the 
forehead of a fish. 

PATU {pdtu)f an exclamation or imperative 
word : Let us go ! Set out ! 

Patuga (patuga)y an unexpected event. 2. A 
step ; the action of the foot in walking. 

PATU (pdtu)^ to give a blow to any one; to 
strike. Gi. pa and tu. Patupatu, plural of 
the action; papatu (papdtu), plural of the 

Patuga, war ; battle ; strife. Two peoples at 

PATUAU, an exclamation : Let us go ! Gf. patu. 

PATUETUA,to die suddenly; sudden death. Of. 
patu and etim. 

PATUGA and patuga. See under patu, 

PATUKI, the name of a fish. 

PATUPO, a night attack. 

PATURIOKI, to be obstinate, self-opinionated. 

PAU. See poo. 

PAUA (paua), the name of a fish. 

PAUAKOREVA {pauakorhva)j a fish resembling 
the pay>a. • 

PAU MA {pauma)y not to be perpendicular, not 
to be in equilibrium. 

Akapauma, to be leaning; aslant. 2. To be 
larger at the bottom than the top : said of 
walls. 3. To be larger at the top than the 
bottom : said of ditches, &c. 

PAUNU (paunu), not to get along ; not to pass : 
said of a ship, of time, of a calm, &c. 

Paununu {paununu)^ denotes longer action 
than paunu, 

PAVAKAVAKA, the meeting between two persons 
approaching each other on a road. 

PE. See pee and aka-pe, 

PE (i>^), a conjunction : as ; the same as ; also. 

PATOI. Syn. manogi, 

PEAHU, a wave of the sea, a billow. Of. peau. 

PEAU, a wave of the sea. Gf. peahu. 

PEE, macerated. E ika pee, a fish that begins 
to stink. 

PEE A (pe-^a)f How? How many? In what 
manner ? Who knows how many ? 

PEHAU (pehdu)y a wing ; a bird's wing. 

Pehauhau (pehduhdu), to beat the air with the 

PEHE, a child's game played with thread and 
the fingers ; cat's cradle. 

PEHEHIHI {peh^Kiki)y interlaced, crossing: said 
of branches of trees. Gf . pehe and hihi. 

PEHETU, that which has succeeded; resulting 
well; admired. 

PEHI,aship. ^ 

PEHIHI, to gush out, to spirt : said of liquids. 

Pehihiraga {pehihirdga)^ the action of pehihi, 

Akapehihi (aka-pehihi)y to cause water or mud 
to spirt. 

PEHU {pehu)f to cover, to shade, to shadow. 

Pehuga, the action of pehu. 

Pehupehu (p^hup^hu)^ to soil one's self; to be- 
come dirty. 

PEI (pei)f a native dance; to dance with an 
accompaniment of singing. 2. To throw up 
little balls into the air with the hands. Peipei 
(pHp€i)y plural of the action. 

Peipei (pHpei), near, near at hand ; to approach, 
to draw near. 

Akapei, to cause to approach ; to draw people 
or things together. 

Akapei pei, to approach another person. 

PEI AH A (peidha), the jaws or jawbones of fish. 

2. The fins of fish. 

PEI K AH I {peikdhi), a fan ; to move a fan to and 
fro. 2. To call any one by making a sign 
with the hand or handkerchief. 3. To give 
air by using a fan. Plural peikahikaiii. 

PEIKEA, the name of a small crayfish. 

PEIPEI. See under pel, 

PEKA (plka), a heavy pole ; a lever. 2. A cross. 

3. Across ; athwart. 4. To cross, to go across, 
as across a plain. 

Pepeka (pepeka)^ sloping, leaning: said of k>ng 
sugar-canes. 2. Spiny, spiky ; ground full of 
fish-bones or sharp flints, &c. 3. Thick : only 
said of a number of shoots or sprouts in a 
close bunch. 4. A long sugar-cane. 

Akapeka (aka-peka), to make a cross ; to hold 
out the arms horizontally. 

PEKEPEKE (plkeplke), the tentacles of the poly- 
pus or ootopuB retract&d and condensed close 
np to the head. Gf . tapeke. 




Akapeke, to bend doable. 2. To fold. 8. To 
collect, to gather. Plural Akapekepeke {aka- 

Pepeke {pepike)^ feeble, weak ; bent with toil ; 
bowed (of the legs). 2.' To crouch down, 
through weakness. 

Akapepeke, to bend the arms or legs. 

Akapekepeke {aka-p^kepHe)y said of different 
movements made and positions taken by 
persons in painful illnesses. 

PEKEPEKE, a species of crab (crustacean). 

PEKINI {peklnijf briefly; in a few words. 2. 
Smidl; tiny. 

Pekinikini {pel^mMni), insufficiently. 

PEN A (pena)f so; like that: said of objects at 
some distance off. Cf . peneij nei, na^ per a, 

PEN A. See akapenapena, 

PEN El (pe'nH)^ thus; like this: said of near 
objects. Gf . net, ameneij ahineiy pena, pera, 

PENIHI (penihi), the edge of a road. 2. The 
length of a road. 

PEN UPEND (plnupienu)^ to gesticulate with the 
hands and feet in measured dances or rhyth- 
mical procession. 

PEPA (p^po)^ to talk badly ; to stammer ; to 
stutter ; to hesitate. 2. To substitute one 
word for another, or one letter for another 
(aphasia), Plure^ pepapepa (p^apepa). 

Peparaga (pitparhga), the action of pepa, 

PEPE (p^pc)i to lard or baste meat or flsh when 
being cooked. 2. To stuff, or cook one thing 
inside another ; to make stuf&ng. 

PEPE, to crouch down on the heels. Of. pepeke 
(under peke). 

PEPEKA. See under peka. 

PEPEKE. See under pefce. 

PEPEKOIKO (pepehAko), a variety of taro. 

PEPEPEPE (plpeplpe), slow of growth : said of 
plants and trees. 

PE PER E. See under perepere. 

PEPERU (peperu)i to repel, to drive back. 2. To 
send to a distance. 3. To silence a person. 
4. To bring about agreement ; to palliate ; 
to moderate ; to mediate. See pereperu, 

PERA (i>^a), so ; like that ; as. Cf. penei, pena^ 

PERAHOKI, like; as; also; the same thing. Cf. 
pera and hoki, 

PERATAHI, as, like that; all the same. Cf. 
pera and tahi. 

PERE, to play, to deal, to move in a game. [It 
is doubtful whether this is the modem word 
" to play,'* or the Polynesian perey to cast, 
to throw.] Cf . tupere, 

PEREAKINA (p^re-a-kina)^ to accost or come 
alongside a person who does not wish one to 
do so. Perepereakina {peeper eakiTia)^ plural 
of the action ; pepereakina (pep^eakiTui)y plural 
of the subject. 

PER El [perH)y a coconut shell need as a vase or 

PEREMO (perhno), to be drowned. Cf. perepere. 
Peperemo {peperhno)^ plural of the subject. 

Peremoraga (perhnoraga), the condition of 
being drowned. 

Peremoremo (perhnorhno)^ to sink and come to 
the surface again and again. 

PEREPERE (plreph'e)y to put to soak: only used 
of linen or garments. 2. To appdase one's self 
when angry ; to cool down. 

Pepere (peph'e)^ to calm one's self. It denotes 
less force than perepere. 

Pepereraga (pepltrerhga)^ the action of ceasing 
from anger. 

Akapepere (aka'pllph'e)^ to lower the voice when 
in noisy conversation. 

PERE PERU (ph'ephru)y to destroy a slander; to 
alter an opinion ; to change one's advice. See 

PERERAU, a wing. 

PEREUE (pereUe)y a garment resembling a great- 

PERO (p^o)y a basket made of coconut leaves. 

PET A (plta)y a bunch of bananas. 

PETI (plti), short. 2. Not to remain. 3. To set 
out : said of people walking away, or of pass- 
ing clouds. 4. To disappear, and never to 
return again. 

Petipeti (pltipeti)^ short : said of a garment. 

Akapetipeti (aka'pi^tipieti)^ to shorten the hair 
or clothes. 

Pepeti (pepdii), plural of the action of peti. 
PEUEUE (peuelLe)y not to be able to steer a ship. 

PI (pi)y to be full. 2. To complete. Pipi (pipi), 
plural of the action. 

Piraga (pirdga), plenitude, abundance. 

Akapi (aka-p\)y to fill ; to fill up. Akapi-marie, 
to entirely fill. 

PI A {p^)y arrowroot. 

PIAOI, the abode of punishment for the dead in 
the ancient native belief. 

PI ERE (pi^re)y a cake made of soft bread-fruit, 
with or without pulp. 

PIGAO {pigdo)^ the name of a winged insect. 
Cf. tapigao. 

PIG I PIG I (pi^gipigi)> to twist one way, uniformly : 
said of ropes. Threads or perfect filaments. 

PI HE (pihe)y a war-cry; a cry of joy. 2. The 
war-dance. 3. To give forth cries ; to dance, 
uttering cries. Pihepihe (pihepihe)^ plural of 
the action. Cf . tuoropihe. 

PIHEPIHE {plheplihe)y the name of a fish. 

PI HI {plhi)f the remnant of food (maa) left in a 

PIHIKORE (plhikdre)y not to leave any food be- 
hind in a hole. Cf . pihi and kore. 

PIKI {piki)y to mount, to go up; to climb. Pjkl- 
piki {plkiplki)y plural of the action; pipiki 
{pipiki)y plural of the subject. 

Pikiga (pikiga)y the action of mounting ; ascen- 
sion. 2. A stair; a ladder; a step. 3. The 
generations of ancestry. 




Akapiki {aka'piki)^ to caose to mount ; to aid to 
ascend. 2. To finish off a mat. Akapikipiki 

iaka-pikifM) plural of the action ; akapipiki 
aka^piki), plural of the subject. 

Akapikiga, one who has spirit, resource ; talent. 

Akapikigakore, a scoundrel, a vagabond ; with- 
ont brains, without sense. 

Akapikipiki (aka'pikiptki)^ to plait the edges of 
mats ; to finish off borders. 

PI K ITU A (plkitua)^ a superintendent; overseer; 
vizier ; an officer in charge of anything. 2. 
a favourite. Gf . piki and tua. 

PI KO (piko), to be crooked ; twisted, athwart. 
Of. kopikopikOf tapiko. 2. To be false, deceit- 
ful. 3. To be bent ; warped, as timber ; out 
of line. Pikopiko (pikoplko), plural of the 
action; pipiko (pipiko), plural of the subject. 

Pikoga (pikbga)^ falseness, duplicity. 

Akapiko (aka-piko), false; to make false; to 
speak falsely ; not just or upright in one's 

Akapikopiko, to put athwart or across. 

Pipiko {pipiko)y a small shoot or scion of 

PI KOHE (pikdhe), to make a loaf, small, but very 
long in shape. 

Pikohekolie, to make small loaves of an elon- 
gated shape. 

PINAKO (pindko)y matter, or pus, mmgled with 

PIO (plo), to put out, to extinguish : said of fire, 
and the eyes. Piopio (ploplo)^ plural of the 
action ; pipio, plural of the subject. 

Pipio, to die ; to cease to be. 

Akapio, to extinguish, quench. 

Akapiopio, to extinguish. 2. To be careless, 
nonchalant. Gf. aka-piraurau. 

PIOGO (pibgo), the name of a herb, the dande- 

PIOIOI (pibibi)y to open the eyes of dead persons. 

Akapioioi (aka-pidioi), to be weak in constitu- 
tion ; feeble through want of nourishment. 

^ PI PI, small shell-fish in the shape of a mussel ; 
2. A boaster, babbler. 

PI PI kO. See under piko, 

PI PI PI PI, very young mother-of-pearl. 

PI PI R I {pipiri)j the season about June. 2. The 
cold season ; the winter, the season when all 
things rest. 3. See under piri. 

PI PI R I Rl, twins: said of fruit growing on the 
same stalk. Gf . piri, 

PI R AQA. See under pi, 

PI RAMA {pirdma)^ the milk of animals. Pirama- 
pUj cheese. 

PI BAR I (pirdri), the honey or nectar of flowers. 

PIRAU {pirdu) y rotten. Ct. piro, 2. To suppu- 
rate, to collect pus in a sore. Pirapirau 
(pirapirau), a dinunutive of pirau. Pipirau 
lpipirdu)y plural of the subject. 

Pirauraga, the action of suppuration ; fester- 

Akapirau {aka'pirdu)^ to cause to fester; to 
make to suppurate. 

Akapirau rau {aka-pirdurdu)y soft ; languid ; 
lazy; nonchalant, careless. Gf. akapiopio 
(under pio), 

PIRI (piri)y a very large bundle or packet of 
maa, 2. Said of six toes when two are stuck 
together. Piri piri {plriplnjy plural of the 
action and diminutive. Gf . tapiri, 

PIripiri (piripiri)^ to dirty, to soil : only said of 
clothes or linen soiled by pus or matter from 
a sore. 

Pipiri (pipiri)y stuck; fastened; to stick two 
tnings together. 2. Fitting close, as a joint. 
Gf. toupiri. 

Piritaga (piritdga), an ambuscade. 2. A hunt, 
chase. 3. A dielter, a cover. 

Piritaga, to prop up, to stay, support. 

PI R I ETA U, the name of a wood. 

PIRI K El (pirikH), the upper part of the breech 
or buttock. 

PIRI MA, a quantity of maa, a load sufficient for 
two or three men. 

PIRIPIRI. See under ^n. 

PIRITAGA. See under pin, 

PIRITAKE (piritdke), to join two rafts together 
into a single body. Gf . piri and pipiri, 

m PIRITIA, a species of shell-fish. 2. To be cooked 
V on one side; half-cocked. 3. Packed close, 
like sardines in a tin. Piripiritia, an augmen- 
tative. Plural pipiritia. 

PIRO (p^ro)y a stench, a bad smell; to smell 
badly. Gf. pirau, Piropiro (piroplro), a di- 
minutive. Plural pi piro (pipiro), Gf. piro- 
kou&va, piroumuahiy &o. 

PIROKOUEVA, sweat that smells like the koueva 

PIROUMUAHI, sweat that smells like the odour 
of the oven. Gf . umu, 

PITA K A, to open. 2. To feign, to sham. 3. To 
form in rings. 

PITE (p\te)y to run : said of a soft body like 
paste escaping from its wrapper. 2. To scat- 
ter about in shreds or fragments. 3. To carry 
off an object by force or overwhelming power. 
Plural pitete {pit^te), 

PITO (p^to), the navel. 2. The end, the extremity 
of a thing. 3. The boundary of a piece of 
land ; the point where one starts to describe 
the boundary. Gf. kopito, aka-pitore, 

Pitopito (pUoplto), a button ; to button. 

Akapito (aka-pito)y to button a single button ; 
to do one single thing. 

Akapitopito (aka-pUoplto), to button several 
buttons ; to put buttons or fastenings on a 

PITORE, the orifice of the anut, 2. A buckle ; a 

Akapitore (aka-pit&re), to make a noose; a 
running knot. Akapitoretore (aka-pitdreftyre), 
plural of the action. 

PITOTOTAI, a family in which the members 
have great affection for each other. 





PIU {jpiu)t to gather ripe and anripe frait at 
the same time. 2. To kill, to massacre. 

Piuraga (plurhga)^ a harvest of ripe and anripe 
fruit. 2. A massacre. 

PO (pd), night. 2. Obscnrity, darkness. CLporo- 
torotOf pouri, aponeij aupo^ kokoepo, kopeapo, 
matapOj &c. 3. Life or existence in anocher 
(supernatural) world. Po-porutu and pouaru, 
the heaven of happiness ; tne Elysian Fields. 
Po-garepurepu (po-garepurlpu) and pokino, 
the heaven of darkness, of fear and dread. 
[Po-aruakaia is a more modern expression 
tor this.) 3. Depth; profundity. 4. Bread- 
fruit fermented into Ttuia. 5. Hidden by 
design among other objects. 6. To commence 
to appear. 7. Po atu^ po mai^ to mingle to- 

Pope, p^Of to-morrow. Cf . apopo. 2. Rotten ; 
breaking under the touch. 3. Beduced to 
powder. 4. Ancient. 5. See under popo (in 
alphabetical position). 

Popopopo (pTypopopo)^ entirely rotten ; decayed. 

Poga (p^g(i)t a piece of; a fragment ; a portion. 

Pogaga (pogdgdjy an assembly of from eight to 
ten persons. 

Pogapoga (p'bgapbga)y with a short brittle fibre : 
said 01 wood. 2. A crumb. 

POA (p'ba)t bait ; to bait. To allure. Oil cast 
on the water to attract fish. Poapoa (pbap'da), 
plural of the action ; popoa (popt)a)y plural of 
the subject. 

Poaga (poaga)j the action of baiting ; the bait, 

Akapoa {aka-pba), to bait ; to throw the bait. 
2. To communicate a smell of flesh to the 
water to attract the fish. Plural (of 1 and 2) 
akapoapoa (aka-p'bap'ba), 3. A sickening feel- 
ing in the stomach. 

POAHUAHU, slender of body ; slight ; slim. 

POATU (podtu)^ a stone ; stone. Gf. hare-poatUj 

POE {pde)f a berry of a necklace or chaplet. 2. 
To tie one piece of wood to another. Poepoe 
(pbepbe)y plural of the action ; popoe (popbe), 
plural of the subject. 

Poepoe (p'beplbe),io sew a torn garment without 
putting in a new piece or patch. 

POGA. See under po, 

POGAGA. See under po, 

POGAKE, an eye-tooth. Figuratively, a small 

POGAKEHARA (pogake-hara), pandanus fruit 
near up to the stem. 

POGAPOGA. See under 1)0. 

POGI, a heathen ceremony, also found in exist- 
ence in Noumea. 

POGI (p'bgi), quick; quickly. 

PogipogI (p'f>gipf>gi), very quickly. 

POHA (pt)ha)y open : said of any aperture not 

POHATAHATA (pohdtahdta), large well- opened 
eyes. Cf. hatahata, 2. The wide part of a 
bread-fruit near the stalk. 

POHAUHAU (pohduhdu), to drag along; to be 
kept back, delayed : spoken of things re- 
garded impatiently as not advancing quickly 

POHE (pf)he)j to put fire to; to put to the fire. 
Pohepohe (phhephhe)^ plural of the action ; 
popohe (p<^oke)j plural of the subject. 

POHEPOHE (pibhephhe), to wink the eyes; to 
blink from weakness or sickness. 2. Eyes 
that are deep-sunken with sickness. Cf. 

POHO (p'bho)^ to proceed out of the mouth : said 
of words. 

POHOj to rise : said of the stars. CLpooJw, 

Akapoho, to be rare, unusual ; rarely, seldom. 
Plural akapohopoho (aka-pbhopbho). 2. To 
discuss, to dispute ; to make reproaches. 

POHOKEPOHOKE (polibke-poJibke), Beautiful ! 
Immense ! It is used as an exclamation for 
great, in large quantity. 

POHORE (poJibre)^ to escape; to get away from 
a'person or a place. Pohorehore {pohdreKbre), 
plural of the action ; popohore (popohnre), 
plural of the subject. 

POHORETUA {pomyretua), the back. 2. The back 
of the hand. 

POHOU {pohM), to come to another place ; to be 
a stranger. Cf. hou, 

POHUE (pohue), the name of a running plant 
with large leaves ; it grows by the sea-side. 

POHURI (pohun)y small scions of banana grow- 
ing at the foot of a large banana palm. 

POHUTUHUTU, the smell of old maa, 

POIHIKO, that which commences to appear in 
the distance. Cf . aka-poikikiy to appear at a 
distance. 2. Tagata poihiko noa^ a handsome 

POIKE, to point, to dot. 2. To appear suddenly. 
Aia e poike ake te kaiga^ The land commences 
to appear. Cf . poihiko and akapoikiki, Poike- 
ike, plural of the action; popoike, plural of 
the subject. 

POIKOIKI, to dazzle. 2. To fascinate. Cf. poi- 
kikoj 2. 

POIPOIORAjto receive favourably; to welcome ; 
to felicitate. Cf . ora, 

POIRE (poire) i an arrow. 

POITI PON U I (poltiponui)y to make great attempts 
and excursions to discover thieves. 

POKA. See akapoka, 

POKAGAHARE, a village, a settlement. Cf. hare. 

POKAI (pokai)^ an anchor. 2. To pass the day 
in walking about. Cf. epokai, Pokaikai (po- 
kaikdi), plural of the action ; popokai (popo- 
kai), plural of the subject. 

POKARA (pokdra), stains, soilures. 

Pokarakara, plural and diminutive of pokara. 

POKARA, a beating together of the hands, clap- 
ping them loudly and softly alternately. 

POKE (pt)ke), bread-fruit or taro pounded and 
mixed with coconut milk. 

POKE, the noise of a thing falling. Ct poku, 




Pokeke, the noise one makes in walking. Cf . 
keke. 2. The plural of poke. 

Akapoke, to caase the noise of poke. 

Akapoke {aka'pdke)^ to, make a noise hy striking 
two hard substances together; to make a 
short sadden noise. 

Akapokeke (aka-poklke)i to make a noise of 
short duration repeatedly and promptly 

POKEA {pok^), the name of a plant, puvslain. 

POKEKE. See under poke. 

POKER E, to slam the door to ; to close the door 

Pokerekere Ipokh'eklre)^ the plural of pokere ; to 
slam the door many times. 

POKI (p^fti), a case, chest (not Ang. "box'*^. 2. 
A cover, a lid. 3. To cover said of tnings 
not made by men. 4. Cloudy weather; an 
overcast sky. 

Pokipoki {pbkipbki), t6 cover: said of things 
made by men. 2- To shut the eyes often. 3. 
To make excuses. 

POKI, to cover; to make a thatch for the two 
sides of a house. 

Popoki, to cover over, to hide* 

Akapoki, to finish making a covering. 

POKI HI, the iioise of hands beating the sea to 
frighten the fish. Cf. poke. 

POKIHIKIHI (pokihiklhi), the name of a small 

POKING, Hell, or the abode of unhappy souls 
hereafter. See po. 

POKiOKIO, the name of a fish. 

P0K1RI (poMriV, the weight of a fishing-line; a 
sinker. 2. To make false reports about a 
person ; to calumniate. 

Pokirikiri (poklrikin)^ round ; to make round. 

Akapokirikiri (ako-pokirikXri)^ to round off; to 
make round. 

POKO (p^ko), to dig; to excavate; to hollow out. 
2. To dig deeply ; to search into, to examine. 
PokQpoko {pbkopblw), plural of the action ; 
popoko {popdko)t plural of the subject. 

Popoko (popdko)y said of some sore or disease 
affecting the skin, of long duration and diffi- 
cult to heal. 2. To hollow out. E maki no 
hoe e popoko na te pirau^ Your sore reaches 
deep because of the matter (pus). 

Pokopoko (pbkopbko^, to dig, to excavate. 2. 
Deep ; dimcult ; not to be reached or got at. 
8. Habituated ; used to. 

Akapokopoko (aka-phkophko), to make deep ; to 
excavate or hollow out profoundly. 

POKOKINA (pbkoklna), resonant; clear; well 
articulated : said of the voice, or of speech. 
Plural pokopokokina (pidkopbkoklna). 

POKOKINAAVAROA {p7>koklna-ava-roa), to dis- 
appear ; to be absent ; lost for ever. 

POKONE {pokbne)j the name of a small fish. 

POKOPOKO. See under |>ofco. * 

POKOPOKOKINA. Bee under pokoHna. 

POKORUA {pokor1la)j small holes in the ground 
or in stones. Cf . poko and rua. Plural poko- 


pokorua ; the plural is also used for ground 
ifull of little holes. 

POKOUVAi (pokbuvai), a root that has rotted in 
the ground. 

POKU, a noise like tb£.t of a cannou-shot. To 
make such a noise. Cf. poke. Pokuku, plural 
of the action ; popoku, plural of the subject. 

Akapoku, to make a loud report, or a noise like 
the report of a cannon. 

POKUKU-ATUTIRI, a thunderclap. Cf. pok^ 
and atutiri 

POKUKU-PUPUI, the report of a gun. 

POKUKU-KUTIA, the noise made by walking in 

POKURU {pokhru)t sap-wood; alburnum. 

PONA ip^na), a rock, a stoue. 2. A knot; to 
knot. 3 To make the two ends of a chain 
touch each other and become united. 

Ponaga (pondga), the action of knotting. 
PONIHONIHO (poniJioniho), the name of a fish. 

PON INI (pontni)^ to allow one*s self to become 


PONIU {pon\u)t to become dizzy; to have ver- 
tigo. To have the feeling of turning round 
and round. Cf. niu. Poniuniu {poniunm)^ 
plural of the action ; poponiu (popontu)^ plural 
of the subject. 

Poniuniu {pon\un\u)t to turn round quickly. 

Poniuraga, the condition of feeling vertigo; 
swimming in the head. 

Akaponiu (aka'ponlu)^ to dazzle. 2. To have 
the sight impeded or troubled by sickness. 
3. To spin a top. 4. To cause vertigo. 

Akaponluniu (aka-poriiuniu), to keep turning 
round and round. 2. To turn one's self as on 
a pivot. 3. To feel giddy ; dizzy. 

PONO. Seepopono. 

PONOGA, the part of the body between the 

PONOPONO, the bosom of one who is pregnant. 

PONOU, bulky, large ; only said of corpulent 

POOHO, to appear. Cf. poho. Pooho i tua^ to 
appear on the other side of the island. 

POORETUA, the back. Cf. tua. 

POPA (p(>po)> a waster, spendthrift. 2. An ob- 
stinate fellow who deals out blows at random 
and without reason. 3. A glutton, who eats 
with avidity. 4. To eat fast, ravenously. 6. 
To often throw stones one at another. 6. To 
give many slaps or blows of the fist as quickly 
as possible. 7. To strike ; to strike without 

Popapopapopa, a glutton. 

P0)*0 {popo). See under po. 2. To clap the 
hands. 3. To attend to or take care of a 
fishing net. 4. To press food (mad) with the 
hand so that it separates into portions. 6. 
The name of a fish called anui when grown. 

POPOA. See under poa. 

PO PO H R E. See under pohore, 

POPOI, the food of the Datives ; a paste made of 
maat kneaded and cooked. 




POPOI K E. See under poike. 

POPOK A I . See under pokai, 

POPOKI. , See under poki. 

POPOKO. See under |)o*o. 

PO PO K U . See under poku. 

POPOMATAMATAUA, the name of a very small 

POPON i U . See under poniu. 

POPONO, an excuse, pretext. 2. To ransom 
the dead from punishment by offerings ; to 
redeem. 3. To recompense a person for 
hiding that which one wishes to have kept 
secret ; to pay hush-money. 

POPOPOPO. See under j?o. 

POPOROAK I. See under poroaki. 

PO-PUPUNI (po-pupuni), said of a place the 
public are not allowed to enter. 

PORA (pbra), the name of mats generally. Cf . 
tapora. 2. The scaffolding or skeleton of a 
raft. 3. The raised seat of the chief on a raft. 

PORAGO (pordgo), to dream ; dreams that come 

PORAQOKAKE, to be lying on the reef. Cf. kake. 

PORAKIANO, to be in abundance ; plenty. 

PORATA (pordta)y an habitual thief ; a robber 
by profession. Cf . porota, 

POREHO Iporlho)^ a sonorous stone that serves 
the purpose of a bell. 

PORI ipbri), the lower belly. 2. The rotundity 
of the belly. 3. The centre of a drag-net. 
4. The circumference, outer edge of a rounded 
body. 5. To bend into an arch or arc. 6. To 
rise : said of thfe wind. Cf . porimatagi, 

Akapori {aka'plynjt bent, curved. To bend, to 
bow. 2. To make hooked. 3. To centre ; the 

PORIMATAQI, a strong wind; a gale. Of. pori 
and matagi. 

PORI-PU, the centre of a thing; the middle of a 
space. Cf. pori (3). 

PORI-RUEHINE, the name of a plant. 

PORO {poro), to call, to name. Poroporo [pibro- 
poro), plural of the action; poporo (popfrro), 
plural of the subject. Cf . porogata^ poroaki, 
Poroga {pordga)y an order, commandment. 

POROAKI (pTyrohki), to send word; to deliver an 
order. Poroporoaki, plural of the actio > ; 
poporoaki, plural of the subject. Cf. poroga 
and porogata. 

POR OGATA, to make one call out for another 
often; not to obey the first summons. Cf. 
poroga (poro), poroaki. 

PORORE (porbre), to let slip; to let fall out of 
the hands: said of objects. 2. To become 
loosened, detached ; to break away ; to come 
off. PoPoreroPB (porttrerdre), plural of the 
action; poporore (poporbre)t plural of the 
Poropepaga {porbreraga), the action of porore. 

^ORORI, small bread-fruit, smaller than others 
through some natural defect. Plural, poro- 

PORORO (porbro), the season of the year about 
July; the time leaves fall. 2. A sudden 
squall of wind. Pororo i ragi, a squall ooming 
from above. 

PoropoPOPO (porbrorbro)i plnral and diminutive 
of pororo, a squall. 

POROTA, an habitual thief, a robber by profes- 
sion. To steal habitually. Cf. porata, 

POROTOROTO (p(yrbtorbto), obscurity, deep sha- 
dow under thick foliage of trees. Cf. po and 
roto. 2. A place that is very green and full 
of shadow. 3. The centre of a bay. 

POROTU (p<yrbtu), beautiful, fair, lovely. 2. 
Good, pleasant ; all that can be desired. 

Popot u paga (porbturdga) , beauty. 2. Goodness ; 
kindness; favour. 

Akaporotu (aka-porUu)^ to make good ; to ren- 
der perfect. 2. To beautify a garment or any 
thing. 3. Having a good address; able to 
talk well. 4. To better ; to ameliorate. 

A kapopotu potu {aka-pordturbtu) , expresses longer 
action than akaporotu. 

POROU (porbu), filaments of coco-fibre ; to twist 
fibres of coco with other threads to strengthen 
them. PoPOUPOU {porburbu), plural of the 
action ; popopou (poporlni), plural of the sub- 

Popoupaga (porburdgaV the action of twisting 
coco-nut fibre threads. 

POT A, a kind of radish. 

POTAKA (potaka), the name of different parts 
of the spinal column considered separately. 
2. A knot in a sugar-cane. 3. Turned upside 
down ; all spilt or shed. 4. Bound. 5. A 
wheel. 6. A turning toy of children. 7. The 
knots joining the meshes of a net. 8. To 
make a circuit ; to go round. 9. Dissipated, 
scattered, brought to nothing : said of a belief, 
a custom, a sickness, or an action. Plural, 

Akapotaka, to go round ; to make a circuit ; to 

Akapotakataka, to turn round and round ; to 
wind ; to wheel round. 

POTAKAIO-POTAKAAKE, to take a turn round; 
all that encloses or encompasses. 

POTEA {pot^a)y the name of a shell-fish. 

POTI, a canoe, a boat. [Generally taken as 
English word *'boat," but cf. tipoti, and 
Maori poti, a basket.] 

POTIHA (poifiha), the last fruit on a bread-fruit 
tree. Plural, potihatiha. 

POTIKI {potiki), support, sustenance, nourish- 
ment : said of children with reference to their 
parents. 2. A joker, a wit. 3. A hard heacl, 
as of a nail ; hard-headed, said of children. 

Potikitiki (potlkitlki), having the hair cut short. 
2. To make a head on a thing. 

POTI POTI (pbtipibti), the name of an inseot. 2. 
A closely-woven mat. 

POTIRI, distribution. 
Potipitipi, to distribute ; to give portions* 

POTO (pbto), short. CL papapotopoto. 2. Short 
of stature. Potopoto, very short. Popoto (p<h 
pbto), plural of the subject. 





Potoga {pot6ga)j a small piece of land ; a small 
piece of cloth, &c. 2. A half -fathom ; a yard. 
3. Part of one.of the tentacles of a sqaid or 

Potogatoga {potdga(bga)t a diminutive otpotoga. 

Akapoto, to diminish ; to lessen ; to shorten ; 
to abridge. 

Akapotopoto, to make very smalls 

POTU {pdtu), a long famine when nothing odible 
remains. 2. Sinister, of evil aagnry. 

POTURUA {pdtu-raa)t the two sides of a roof. 
2. A doable mat. Cf . potutai and rua, 

POTUTAI {potu-tai), one of the sides of a roof. 
Cf. tai (tahi) vna poturua. 

POU {p^)y a colnnm, a pillar. A post, Cf. pou- 
tu. 2. To plant herbs, &o. Pou pou {pfnipfni)^ 
plnral of the action ; popou {poj^), plural of 
the subject. 

Pou pou {p<yupbu)j a mast. 

Pouga {pouga)t a custom, a habit. 

POUARU, the Elysian fields of the soul when 
the Tirau has been made. 

POU E, the name of a running plant. Cf. pohue, 
2. The name of a reef. 

POUGA. See under pou. 

POU HARE, an ofifering of first-fruits, dedicated 
to a god. 

POUHU, the name of a fish. 

POUHUKAKA (pouhukaka)^ to come and go often 
on the same day. 

POUKAKARE-KI-TE-HERE, to pass the time in 
walking about, in going and coming. 

POUKAPA (poukdpa), a singer or chanter of in 
cantations, songs, &o. 

POUR I (pouri), obscurity, darkness. Cf. tupourl. 
2. A late hoar. Cf . po and uriuri. 

POUTO {pouto)i the tassel of a cord. Cf . pou. 

POUTU, a pile used as a support; a stay, a 
prop. 2. A person who sustains or supports 
another. 8. The shaft ot a lance. 4. Capital ; 
principal. * 

Akapoutu, to make a stake or pile ; to dress or 
hew a stake. 2. To prop, to support; to 
stay. Akapoutu atai, to adjourn or put off 
tiU evening. 

PU {pu)j a marine shell. 2. A fine handsome 
garment. 3. Suddenly. Cf. tomopu, 4. Pre 
cise ; distinct ; exact. 5. The middle ; in the 
midst. 6. Used concerning the head of an 
octopus or squid ; of the head in a hat ; of 
the top of a shrub ; of a liquid with whidb 
one has filled the mouth and then swidlowed ; 
of food pulped, to give to a child or sick per- 
son. Vaka i te pu, the canoe in which the 
king (or chief person) is. 

Puga (puga), a kind of madrepore (coral). Cf. 
varepuga. 2. Bread-fruit of whi(m the flesh 
is scirrhous. 3. Bed-ridden. 4. A long con- 
valescence, said only if eight or ten or more 
persons are concerned. 

Pugapuga (pugapUga), shaved. B oo pugapugc^, 
a shaven head. 2. Pains in the interior of 
the body; colic. 

Akapuga (aka-puga)^ to shave the head entirely. 
A sign of war. 2. To make clean ; to make 
plain ; to make a fair copy, 3. To exhaust, 
to drain ; to spend ; to use up. 4. To sweep 
clean off. Akapugapuga (aka-pUgapaga^^ plural 
of the action ; akapupuga (aka-pupuga)^ plural 
of the subject. 

Pupu, said of a bushy, branchy place, 

Pupu (pttpu)^ to grow, to eome out of the 

Pupu (l>ifpii)» a bundle; a package. 2. To 
unito, to gather together, as an assembly. 
8. To collect, to gather, as objects or things. 
4. To hide. 

Pupupupu (pUpuphpu), thick, said of trees, <&c., 
planted close. 

Pupuraga {mpurdga), an assembly; a congre- 
gation. A herd of animals. 2. A statement, 
an account. 3. A defence, a protection. 

Akapu (aka-pu)^ to thicken paste (popoi) by 
adding other paste. 2. Not to make paste 
very Uquid ; to keep it stiff. 

Akapu pu (aka-pupU), to collect persons ; to 
reunito. Aka-pupu-mai, to collect, heap up ; 
to harvest. 

PUA (pua), a flower. Flowers generally. To 
flower, to bloom. Cf. meipttakakaho. 2. Tur- 
meric. 3. Fecula (starchy matter) of the 
yellow Erega— hence (mod.) soap. Cf. fiati- 
pua^ puha. 

Akapua {aka'pua)^ to go to stool; to eject fsBces. 
2. See under aka-pua. 

PUAQU (puhgu), to cry loudly, to call out often; 
to make a great outcrv ; to bawl ; to clamour. 
Pupuagu (pupuHigu)^ plural of the subject. Cf. 

Puaguagu (puHgtUigu), to breathe; to sigh. 

PUAHA Ipuaha), a belch, an eructation of wind 
from the mouth. Cf . aha» 

PUAHEVA (pu-dhtva)^ to feel a sudden move- 
ment. Puahevaheva (pu-a-hh^ah^va), plural 
of the action ; pupuaheva (jpupu-a-A^i a), plural 
of the subject. 

PUAHU (ptitthu)y the young growth of reeds or 
sugar-cane.. 2. To grow vigorously: said of 

Puahuahu {pU'dhu-dhu)t a great growth ; 
strongly growing, only said of bananas. 

Puahuahunui, a young man full of life and 

Puahuhou, idem. 

PUAKA (|md^), a beast ; an animal generally. 
2. A pig. 

Puaka (pltaka), a very injurious and insulting 

Akapuaka, to be indecent ; to cause indecency. 

PUAKA, an exclamation of surprise : Ptuika I 

PUAKAHIKAHIKA (pudk(^-hlka-htka), tobave the 
face reddened, tanned by the sun, ox hot 
with fighting. 

PUAKAKAO (puakakao)^ the flower of the reed. 

See kakao. 

PUAKE, perfumed air; scent, To smell good, 
or smell bad. 




PUAKURA {ptiakura), to be precious, valued : 
only said of persons. 

PUAPUAMERINO {puapuaTnerino), the name of 
a grass or herb. 

PUARA (pudra)j the right side of a tissue or 

PUARA MAI, to oome suddenly into one's 

PUAREU ANOA i^pudreha-nda)y very sweet, charm- 
ing : ouly said ol persons. 

PUATA, hollow: only said of trees. Cf. pu 
(middle) and ata, puhata. 

PUATIHO, an epithet applied to a worthless 
. fellow. 

PUAUTU, to whiten, to blanch. 

PUE, to swell, to swell out; inflated. 

PUEHU ipiithu), to break, to wear out, to snap ; 
to be torn. 2. To come to nothing, to be 
abortive : said of a design or of a conversation 
that has no effect. 3. To melt away, to dis- 
sipate itself: said of an assembly that dis- 
perses. Plural, pupuehu (pupv^hu)^ 

Puehuehu {pu^hu^hu), to deviate, to err, to turn 
aside. 2. To stretcn one's self out ; to sprawl. 
Plural, pupuehu {pupu^ku). 

?UEHUKE-PUEHUKE (pi^huke-ptithuke)^ to dis- 
. perse, some on one side, some on another : 
said of a crowd. 

PAJEKE, the pouch of the squid or octopus (eke) 

2. Bread-fruit spoilt on one side. 

PUEUEU (puiii^), the trunk of the banana 
when the fruit has been taken. 

PUEVAEVA (jm^o^a), old, used up; in rags; 
only said of clothes. 

PUEVAI {putDai)j soft; effeminate; lazy; of 
little vigour. 

PUQA. See under pu, 

PUG A PUG A. See under pu. 

PUGATARA, the name of a shapeless fish that 
lives in tne sand. 2. A five-sided figure. 

PUG ATE A {pugat^), bread-fruit, the exterior 
of which is discoloured with resin. 

PUGAYEREVERE (pligaverevere), the spider. 

PU6ERE (pug^re), hoarse: Said of the hoarse 
voices of old people. Cf. gere. Plural, pu- 
geregere (puglregere). 

PUHA (puhaV a large native oven. 2. A chair 
without a back. 3. Soap. See|ma(3). 4. A 
hollow in a rock whereinto the sea entering 
makes & noise. Cf . puhakoutu, 

Akapuha {aka-puha), to encircle trees with 
some slippery substance to prevent rats from 
ascending them. 

Puhapuha, a raft that is broken up. 

Akapuhapuha (aka-puhapuhajj^ to overflow; to 
be spilt, shed abroad. 2. To spiil, to shed. 

3. To put on garment upon garment. 

Akapuhapuha, to scatter, to strew. To spoil or 

• waste food or clothes. 

Pupuha {pupuha), to foam : said of the wake of 

• iaship* 2. To olow out smpke from nose or 

PU HAKE, to smell very strong; to exhale a vei^ 
strong odour. Plural, puhakehake {puhUtke- 

PUHAKOUTU, a hollow place in a cape into 
which hollow the sea roars. Of. puha. 

PUHAPUHA. See under jm^. 

PUHAPUHAKEU (phhapUhhkeu), to often seek 
occasion for a quarrel. 

PUHARA {puhdra)y the pandanus tree: the 
screw-palm Cf. hara. 

PUHARA {puhdra)y lo think with pleasure or 
regret of some past error or fault. Puhara- 
hara (puhdrahdra), plural of the action ; pu- 
puhara {pupuhdra), plural of the subject. 

PUHATA {puhdta)t to be hollow. Cf. jpuata, 

PUHEKE (puheke), bald. 

PUHERO {puhh'o)y to give in very small quan- 
tity. 2. To have very small stools (ejections 
of fsBcal matter) when suffering from loose- 
ness of the bowels. Puherohero (puheroh^ro), 
plural of the action; pupuhero, plural of the 

PUHI {pUhi), to blow; to breathe. Puhipuhi 
{pUhtpuhi), plural of the action ; pupuhi, 
plural of the subject. Cf. p^iipui. 

Puhia (puhia), blown by the wind ; carried by 
the wind along the surface of the sea Puhia- 
h\B. (puhiahid) , plural of the action; pupuhia 
(pupuhid), plural of the subject. 

Puhiahia [puhiahia), to be shaken by the wind, 
said of garments, the hair, &o. 

PUHI (puhi), the sea-eel (Murena) that bites and 

PUHIRAU, the name of a place in Akena. 

PUHOE (puKbe), the sound of a far-off conver- 
sation reaching the ear Plural puhoehoe 

PUHU, sweat; suffocation; to be suffocating 
with sweat. Cf . puu. 

PUI (pui), to put on a garment ; to clothe one's 
sell. A garment, a robe. 2. To cover, to 
envelope. A wrapper ; covering. Puipui (i)^it- 
pui), plural of the action ; pupui (pupui), plural 
of the subject. 

Puipui, sea- water spirting in foam and spray. 
Cf . puhi. 

Akapui (aka-pui), to clothe any one ; to give a 
garment to put on. 2. To cover with cloth 
or stuff. Plural, akapuipui (aka-puipui). 

PUI, a gun (modern). Puipui, to smoke a pipe 

PUITAHAGA, an exclamation expressive of plea- 
sure : How nice I How pleasant I 

PUINEKA, an injurious term, an expletive: 
You old scoundrel ! 

PUIPUI. See under i)ui. 

PUKA (puka), a blister; suppuration under 
swollen skin. Cf . pukane. 

Puka, pain in the mouth from blowing too 
hard. Ct. pukaha. 

Pukapuka (pukaplika), to have the mouth filled 
till the cheeks are distended. 2. The name 
of a kind of banana, 





Akapukapuka (aka-pukapuka), to eat with vo- 
racity. 2. To raise the head so as to seize 
something with the mouth. 

PUKA HA, asthma; asthmatic. Ci. puka, 

PUKAMAGA, the nam of a tree that grows on 
the mountain. 

PUKANE {pukane), great heat of the skin; 
feverishness. 9. Great heat in the hole 
where maa is placed. 3. To ferment. 4. To 
be warm. Plural (of 4) pukanekane {pukdne- 

fUKAO (im^Mio), the foot of the mountain. 2. 
»! Iron. 3. An axe, a hatchet. 4. A univalve 
V shell-fish. 5. A hillock on the slope of a 

mountain. 6. A tree or plant which has 

grown from a cutting. 

Pukaokao (pukaokao)^ the name of a shell-fish. 
2. Said of the sides of a badly-woven mat. 

Akapukaokao (aka-pukdokdo)^ to carry on one 
side of the tissue of a mat when weaving it 
and neglect the other side. 

PUKAOMAGA (pukctomaga), a small hill on the 
slope of a mountain. 

PUKAPUKA. See under jmfca. 

PUKATA, the highest summit of a hill; peak. 
Cf . pukoto. 

PUKAVA, the name of a plant. 2. A wicked 

PUKE {puke), a heap, a pile. 2. A raised place. 

The peak or nipple of a mountaia. 3. To pile 

*up, to heap up; to amass. 4. To assemble, 

to bring together. Plural, pukepuke {pUke- 


Pukega., {puk^ga), the action of heaping up, 
collecting, &c. 

Akapuke {aka-puke), to heap up. 

Akapukapuka (aka-pukephke), to make a huge 
heap ; to collect all the small heaps into one. 

PUKEREKERE (pukerekere), to grow, to augment. 

PUKEROKERO (pukerokero), to be just visible 
only, on account of the distance. 

PUKETE (puk^te), a pocket; a basket ; a bag. 
Plural, pukatekata (puketekete). 

PUKOHE (pukohe), to play the flute or flageolet ; 
to make sounds by blowing into a bamboo. 
Plural, pukohekoha. 2. A trumpet. 

PUKOHE-RAU-TI, a trumpet made with the leaf 
of the ti tree. 

PUKOTO (pukbto), the summit of a mountain. 
Cf . pukata. 2. The plume of a warrior. Cf . 

Pukotokoto (puk^tokhto), an augmentative of 

Pukotokoto, a hood for the head. 

PUKOU (pukou), a headless tree. 2. Botting in 
the ground, but of which the root is living. 

PUKOU NU (pukounu), to swim, holding up a 
thing in the hand above the surface of the 

Pukounuunu, denotes more prolonged action 
than pukounu. 

PUKU {puku)j a knot in wood. Cf. papapukUj 
kopuapukUj kakipuku-. 2. Inequalities of the 
soil. 3. The clitoris of females. 4. To be 

Pukupupu (pukupuku), paste (popoi) not well 
diluted or slackened. 2. Knotted; rough; 
uneven; harsh. 3. Full of little lumps or 
pieces. 4. The plural of puku, a knot. 

Akapukupuku (aka-pukupiiku), not well diluted, 
as paste (popoi), 

PUKU A (pukuaj, to be suffocated, as by any- 
thing that sticks in the throat. 

PUKUHOU (pukUhou), the age of puberty. 2. 
A person about sixteen or eighteen years old. 

PUKUPUKU. See under puku. 

PU KU RU, a tree from which the centre branches 
have been cut. 2. A male tree. 

PUKUTEA (pukui^)y tk man from about thirty- 
nine to forty -nine years old. 

PUNA (puna), a source, a spring. Cf. punavai. 
2. To boil. Punapuna (punapuna), plural of 
the action ; pupuna (puphna), plural of the 

Punapuna (pienapuna), to emerge, as a spring 
or fountain does. 2. To spirt or jet out, as 



Akapuna (aka-puna), to cause to boil over ; to 
cause to gush out. 

P U N A R U A ( punariia) . father-in- law . 2. A step- 
mother who does not love the children born 
to the first wife. 

PUNAVAI, a spring of water. Cf. puna and vai^ 
2. A fire whose flames ascend. 

PUN I (puni), to achieve; to finish; to complete. 
Generally employed in the passive form. 
Puni puni (punipuni), plural of the action ; 
pupuni (puphni), plural of the subject. Punl- 
a-kohiko, all has been well done, completed. 
Punikotoa, to finish totally. 

Punlga (pun)ga), a hiding-place. 

Pupuni, to hide one's self. 2. Finished, com- 
pleted ; many things done. 

Akapuni (aka-puni), to finish ; to terminate. 

Akapunipuni (aka-punipuni), to finish different 
things; to end many affairs. 2. To make 
haste to finish off. 

Akapuniraga (aka-puniraga), the action of fin- 
ishing, of completion. 

PUN ION 10, shell-fish. 

PUNIPUNIKINO, to do evil; to commit a wrong. 
Cf . puni and kino. 

PUNOHO, a buoy ; a float. Cf. punou. 

PUNOHU (punbhu), to grow, to increase: said of 

Punohunohu (puribhunhhu), said of the stiffened 
papyrus cloth that does not stick to the skin. 

PUNOU, a buoy. Cf. punoho. 

PUNU (piinu), not to be hungry. 2. That will 
not enter, that will not pierce : said of a lance, 
arrow, &c. Cf. tepunu. 

PUNUA (punua), the young of animals, Plural, 
i punupunua (punupunua). 




PUNUATAHA (punuataha), the name of a bird 
that has a great deal oi down. 2. Down ; the 
wool of birds. 

PUNUI {punui)y a village, a town ; the chief set- 
tlement or capital. 2. A cloak ; a large piece 
of tapa, 

PUNUPUNU {pUnupUnu), to grow fast, and have 
the flesh soft at the same time. 

PUNUPUNUA. See under imnua. 

PUOHO (ptibho), to have a large head of hair. 
Of. oho. 

PUOKIE (pvbkle), to tarn back the clothes: said 
of the wind. Plural, puokiekie (pubkiekle). 

PUOPO (py>bpo)f to vaunt one's self, to boast 
with arrogance. 

PUOROTARO {pit(yrotaro)y a dish made with taro, 
bread-fruit, and coco-nut juice. 

PUOTO (jmdto), a plume, a bunch of feathers. 
Cf . pukoto. 2. To wrap up the banana-shoots 
as they commence to appear. Plural, puoto- 
oto {pubtdbto). 

PUOU {piM) : said of the flower of the bread- 
fruit, when it is partly flower and partly 

Puouou (puityuim), to be large : said of eyes that 
have wept a long time. 

PUPARE, a wooden shape used for making head- 
dresses or hats. 

PU PU . See under pu. 

PUPUHA (pUpUha), the name of a large sugar- 
cane. 2. To foam: said of the wake of a 
canoe or ship. 3. To blow out smoke through 
the nose or mouth. 

PU PU H I . See under puhi, 

PUPUNA. See under puna, 

PU PU N I. See under punu 

PUPUPUPU. See under pM. 

PU PU RAG A. See under pu, 

PUPURAPURA. See under pura. 

PU PURE. See under pure. 

PUPUTA (puputa), a cake made of bread-fruit 
and taroy mixed with other things. 

PURA (pura), to have something in the eye, 
such as dust. Cf. matapura. Plural, pura- 
pura (purapura), 

Purapura, grains, berries. 2. Descendants. 3. 
Bace, extraction, origin. 

Pu purapura, descendants. 2. The family or 
line from which one has descended. 

PURA (purajy bald ; hairless. Cf. ohopurd, roro- 
pura, 2. Having a piece of cloth on the head. 
3. A handkerchief or wiper. 4. A sand-bank; 
an islet of sand. 

PUR A ATE A (pura-at^), a bank of white sand 
' in the sea. 

PURAGANUI (puraga-nui), an assembly, a festi- 

PURARA (purdra), to botch; to piece; to mend; 
to patch. Purararara (purdrardra), plural of 
the action; pupur^ra (pupurdra), plural of the 

PURE (pure), a prayer ; to pray. Cf. harepure, 
2. Any remarkable action. 3. A distribution ; 
an apportionment of food, &o, Purepure 
(purepure), plural of the action ; pupure {pu- 
pure), plural of the subject. 

Purega (pur^ga), a prayer; an incantation. 

Akapure (aka-pure), to pray; to repeat an in- 

PURENA (purlna), a rent, a tear* To tear, to 
rend, to hook, to catch upon. Purenarena, 
plural of the action ; pupurena, plural of the 

Purenaraga, the action of making a rent, &c. 

PUREPURE (purepure), printed stuff, such as 
chintz, calico, &c. 2. The face of a man 
covered with spots or stains. 

Akapurepure, to colour, to paint in different 

PUREREHUE, a small kind of butterfly. 2. Any 
smaU animal, such as a small turtle. 

PUR EVA (purlva), roe; the eggs of fish. 2. 
Yellow scum floating on the sea from about 
the 17th to the 21st of February, and this 
yellow substance is eaten by fish. 2. Sum- 

PURi (puri), papyrus; the plant from whicb 
native cloth is made. 

PUROKU (purhku), to cover ; to cover the head, 
as with a hat, &g, 2, To hide one*s designs 
or motives. Purokuroku (pur^kufbku), plural 
of the action ; pupuroku (pupuroku), plural of 
the subject. 

Akapuroku (aka-purhku), to cover a thing with. 

2. To throw blame on another person. Plural, 
akapurokuroku (aka-purhkur'bku). 

PURORO (i)urdro), the fruit of the taumanu tree. 

Purorororo (purorofbro), large, rounded cheeks. 

PURU (puru), to wrap up the kernel of the 
coco-nut and pandanus. 

PURU A (purua), to double. Cf. ru^, putahi, pu- 
torn, &Q, 2. 1*0 repeat an action. 3. To put 
on two garments, ^c. 

PURUAMU (purudmu), in a masterful way; to 
speak as a master, as a sovereign ; to speak 
abruptly, rudely. 2. Definitely. Purupuruamu 
(purupurudmu), plural of the action ; pupuru- 
amu (pupurudmu), plural of the subject. 

PURU HI (puruhi), to sweep; to clean. Plural, 
puru puru hi (purupuruhi), 

Puruhiraga, the action of sweeping. 

PURUKAHA (purukaha), a thread of coco-nut 
fibre prepared for weaving or plaiting. Cf. 

PURUPURUHI. See under pwrM/ii. 

PUT A (puta), a hole ; an opening ; a gap ; a 
pierced part in anything. 2. To go out from. 

3. That which pierces ; that which appears 
through a hole. Putaputa, plural of the action ; 
puputa (puputa), plural of the subject. 4. A 
stone anchor. 5. Until ; even ; as far as. 

Putaputa (putaputa), a tree- trunk pierced with 
many boles. 

Akaputa (aka-puta), to make a hole. 2. To 
pierce, to make an opening, a mortise, 3, 




To announce bad news to any one ; to titter 
an unlucky word. Akaputaputa (aka-puta- 
puta)y plural of the action. Akaputaaiti (aka- 
puta-a-iti)^ to put closer together; to set with 
very small spaces. 

Akaputaputa (aka-pUtaputa), to pierce. 2. To 
rend» to tear. 

Putaga (putdga)^ an avenue, an exit, a place of 
issue. 2. The reins, the loins, the kidneys. 
3. Depression ; hypochondria. 

PUTAAKARAURAU (patadkaraurhu), to arrive 
from all sides. 

PUTAQA. See under puta, 

PUTAQAKORE {putdga-kore), to be without re- 
source, without support or maintenance. 

PUTAHI (putdhi)y to have only one garment. 
Gf. takif puruaf putorUy <&c. 2. Sole, single ; 
not double, as a garment. Puputahi (pupu- 
tahi)y plural of the subject. 

PUTAHIU, the nostril. Gf. puta^ ihuy putakokaro. 

PUTAKOKARO, the anus. Gf . puta, kokaro^ puta- 

. Mu. 

PUTA-MAI, to follow on ; to be the effect of. 

PUTA PUTA. See under imta. 

PUTA R A (putdra), a spiral shell having a large 

Putaratara (putdraidra)^ a kind of shell-fish. 
2. Bough ; knotty ; spiny ; hairy. 

PUTEA (put^), white. 2. To have a white skin. 
Gf . Ua, 

PUTEQATEQA {put^gat^ga)^ amplitude, large- 
ness : said of garments. 

Akaputegatega (aka-puUgaUga), to make a large 
garment. To be ample, full : said of clothes. 

PUTEI (putH)i to be higher than others: said of 
trees. 2. A raised place ; the peak of a hill. 
Gf. teitei, 

Puteitei (putHtH), to lift itself above all else : 
said of a hill, &o. 

Puteitei, a raised place ; a mound ; a peak. 

PUT! N I, often ; many times. 

Putinitinij to repeat an action indefinitely. 
Plural, puputinitini. 

PUTOQA (putbga), exceedingly good native cloth 
of papyrus. Gf . toga, 

PUTOQATOQA, crisp, frizzy : said of hair. Oho 

PUTOKA (putbka)y round coral: said of ooral 

PUTOKA, bad. Manava putoka^ a wicked heart. 

PUTORU (puU)ru)y to repeat an action three 
times. Gf. torUy purua, Puputoru, plural of 
the subject. 

PUTOTA {putbta), bleeding; a great outflow of 
blood. See next word. 

PUTOTO (putbto)^ bleeding; a great outflow of 
blood. Gf. toto, putota, 

PUTU (putu), a gathering of fishes ; a shoal ; a 
school of fish. 2. A game of clapping the 
hands; clapping hands; the dull sound of 
clapping hands. 3. To *' ball " or make round 
the paste (popoi) which one wraps up in 
leaves. Putuputu, plural of the action ; pu- 
putu, plural of the subject. 

Putuputu (putuputu) y close, tight, compact; 
approaching near or contiguous. 2. A closely- 
netted fishing-net. 3. Often ; frequently. 

Akaputuputu {aka'putuputu)y to make thick; to 
place close together ; to make compact. 

PjTUQA lputuga)y the reins, the kidneys. Gf. 
putaga (under puta), 2. Aji injury. 

PUTUQA-NUI, a glutton; one who eats after 
the others have finished. 

PUTUKI, ahank, a skein. 2. Hair knotted or « 
tangled. 3. Having a wrapper or envelope 
attached. 4. Part of a garment attached by 
a thread. 

PUTUKI (putuki)y to draw together the edges of 
a bag or net in which to confine the hair. 
Putukituki, plural of the action ; puputuki, 
plural of the subject. 

Putukiga (putuk\ga)y the action of putuki, 2. A 
knot of hair worn at the back of the head by 

PUTUKURA, a kind of kumete (trough). 

PUTUPUTU. See under putu. 

PU U, sweat, perspiration ; to perspire. Gf. |m^u. 

PUVAVA, to be easily cooked. 

PUVEHIE (puvlhie)y bread-fruit that has re- 
mained too long on the tree so that the flesh 
is lumpy. 

PUVOVO, the noise of a fire, of burning wood. 
Gf . vovo. 2. To repair a rau by patdiing or 
weaving in more leaves. 

PUVOVO-RUA, the largest of the maa pits. 2. 
The principal cultivator. 


Ra {rd)y an interrogative and reflexive particle. 
Ko koe ra f Is that you ? Ko au ra Int oroy 
But as for me, I ran. 2. A preposition of 
place : by, through, from. Ex. : Ra raroy ra 
rugay ra taiy &o. 3. A demonstrative pro- 
noun : Te ra ; e ra. That ; those. 

RA (rd), the sun. Gf. rakaigay raray raroa. 2. 
A day. Gf. raharahay ratutututu, 3. A sail. 

Akara (aka-ra), to appear suddenly and unex- 
pectedly ; to surprise by arriving suddenly. 
Plural, akarara (aka-rara), Gf. akarapuy aka- 

RAANAANA, a fierce sun ; great solar heat. Of. 

RAE. See akarae, 

RAEMATA, the face, the countenance. Gf. mato, 
akarOfCy kora^y tukerae. Raemata marumarUy a 
bewitching countenance. 

RAGA (rhga)y to swim or float on the surface of 
the water ; to skim along the water. 2. To 
be travelled across by the rain. 3. Easy to 
understand. 4. To become good. 5. To heap 
up on a low base or foundation. Ragaraga 




(rdfgardgd), plural of the action ; raraga (ra- 
rdga), plural of the subject. 

Akaraga (aka-rdga), to water; to moisten. 2. 
To iSd water to the paste (popoi). 3. To 
cause to swim on the surface ; to make to 
float. 4. To float ; to swim on the surface. 
Akaragaraga {aka-ragaraga), plural of the 
action ; akararaga {aka-rardga), plural of the 

Ragaraga (ragaraga), to be quite watery. Cf. 
ragatLa, 2. To have the belly inflated or 

Raraga (rardga), to weave, to plait ; to make 
mats. Plural, pararaga (rarardga). 

RAG A I (ragdi)y to approach, to advance towards 
one another. Ragaigai (ragdigdi), plural of 
the action ; raragai (raragdi)^ plural of the 

RAQARUQA, easy to understand; simple. 2. Of 
small importance. 3. Of little courage. 

RAQATIRA, a master ; a chief ; a lord. Gf. tirut 
tirataku. 2. A tenant or cultivator under a 
great chief. 

RAGAUA (rdga-ua), to be perfectly saturated 
with the rain. Of. raga and ua, Ragaragaua 
'(ragardgaim), plural of the action ; paragaua 
(raragaua), plural of the subject. 2. The 
carrying of a corpse with its head and breast 

RAG I (ragi)y the sky, the heavens. 2. Weather 5 
the appearance of the atmosphere. Cf . ragi- 
«a, veroragit ragipaoa, tumuragi, 

Ragiragi {rhgiragi)^ to be covered with clouds: 
said of tne sky. 

Akaragiragi (aka-rdgirdgi)y to be overcast, to be 
covered with clouds ; a dull overcast sky. 

RAG I A (ragXaV precious; beautiful; dear, be- 
loved. 2. unspoiled by accident. 

Ragiragia (raglrag'ib)^ an appearance of sick- 
ness and weakness in a person's complexion 
or attitude. 

A karagi a (afca-^agfia), precious; valued; dear. 

RAGIKOROURI (rdgi'kor&an)y a fine sky; good 
weather ; cloudless. Of. ragi and korouri. 

RAQIMANEGA (rdgi-manega), an azure sky. 

RAGIMATORU (rdgi-matoru)^ thick weather; a 
cloudy overcast sky. Cf . ragi and matoru. 

RAGI N A {rag\na)t sacrilege; breaking the law 
of prohibition or tapu. To commit sacrilege ; 
to profane; to defile. Raragina (raraglna), 
plural of the subject. 

RAQIPAEPAEVARU, a tempest ; a time of storm, 
and gale. 

RAGIPAKU, cloudy weather. Cf. ragi and paku. 

RAGIPAOA (ragi-paod), very dry weather; 

RAGIRAGI. See under ragi. 

RAGIRAGIA. See under ragia. 

RAGI RAH I RAH I (ragi-rdhirdhi), a sky covered 
with light floating clouds ; clouds containing 
little moisture. 

RAGITU (ragltu)^ to throw down all the coco- 
nuts. Raglragitu {rhgirhgiiu), plural of the 
action ; raragitu, plural of the subject. 

RAGI U A {rhgi-iia)y rainy weather. Cf. ragi cmd 

RAGO {rdgo)f a beam of floor or ceiling; a cross- 
beam ; a pole laid across. 

Ragorago (ragordgo), a cross-piece laid on the 
rafters of a roof. 

Akarago {aka-rdgo)^ to lay or dispose the leaves 
or material with which to envelope a bundle 
or package. 2. To catch or receive anything 
thrown down from a higher position. Plural, 
akaragorago (dka-ragordgo). 

RAHARAHA (rdhardha), to see an object clearly 
and distinctly. Cf. ra. 

RAH ATI (rahdti), a branch broken off by the 
weight of its iruit. Cf . hati. 

RAH I (rdhi)f the name of a fish. 

RAHIRAHI (raWraW), the name of a fish. 

RAH I RAH I (rahirhhi), fine; slender; supple. Cf. 

Rahirahiga (rahirhhiga)^ the temples of the 

RAHO (raho)j an assembly; a congregation of 
the people. 

RAHU (rdhu), devoured by insects : said of legu- 
minous plants. 

RAHU I (raMi), to keep off, to defend; to 
prohibit, to forbid. Cf. tarahui. Rahuihui 
lrahuihui)j plural of the action ; rarahui (ra- 
rahui)t plural of the subject. 

Rahuiraga (rahuirdga), the action of rahui. 

RAI (rdi), to walk ; to promenade. To wander. 
Rairai (rdirdi)^ plural of the action; raral {ra- 
rai), plural oi the subject. 

RAI, small, little. 

Akarairai (aka-rairai), to make small ; to fine 
down. 2. To flatten. 

RAKA, soiled, profaned, defiled. To profane ; to 
treat sacred things with irreverence. Tapu 
rakahia^ a tapu profaned. 

RAKAHI {rakahi), profaned, polluted: said of 
holy things. Of. raka. Rakarakahi (raka- 
ra1&hi)y plural of the action; rarakahi (ra- 
rakdhi}, plural of the subject. Cf. turakaga, 

RAKAIGA (rdkdiga), an eclipse of the sun. Of. 
ra and kai, 

RAKAU (rakdu)j wood; timber; a tree; trees in 
general. 2. Medicine; a remedy. To give 
medicine ; to prescribe. 3. An object. Ex. : 
E tird rakau no koe^ That is a curious thing 
you have there. 

Akarakau (aka-rakdu), a rciot. 2. A man made 
stiff by some malady ; rigid. 

RAKAUKIKIRIA, inaccessible. 

RAKAUMAKI (rakdu-maki)^ a salve, ointment 
an outward application. Of. rakau and maki. 

RAKAU MATE (rakdU'mate)^ a medicine to be 
taken inwardly. 

RAKEI {rakei)t to ornament, to adorn. An orna- 
ment ; a garland, chaplet, decoration. 

RAKEI H EGA (rak^hega)^ the name of a fish. 

RAKERAKEGA (rakerdkega), a place where the 
land slopes rapidly towards the sea. 





RAKO (rhko), the name of the tumei^ having a 
ribbon bark. 2. Of different tints ; spotted, 
speckled, mottled. Cf. rakoa, 3. With a 
white face and a black tail 4. To bleach 
cloth or stuff in the smn. 

Rarako (rardko), to move from place to place 
or shift one's position constantly. 

RAKOA (rakba), the name of a spotted fish. Gf. 

RAKOTOAUA {rhkoto<itta), a space of time, from 
aboat noon till 4 o'clock in the afternoon. 

RAKURAKU {rakuraku)^ to scratch one's self, to 
scrape. Plaral, raraku (raraku). 

Raraku (raraku), to scratch one's self in token 
of disapproval or of negation. 

RAMA {rhnuijy the nuts of the native walnut. 
2. To give light ; to lighten. 3. To go fishing 
with torches. 4. A dance executed by wo- 
men. See tohutohu, 

Ramarama (ramarhma), to often visit. 

Rarama (rarama)^ to go to see ; to visit. 

Raramaga (rara'mdga)^ to visit again ; to visit 

Ramaga (ratndga), to visit a person at his home 
for the first time. 

RAM API KO, the name of the mountain road from 
Vaituatae to Apeakava. 

RAMARAMA. See under rama. 

RAMATOQA, a nut easy to open without, break- 
ing the shell. 

RAMEA, a crime, a fault. 'Ku ramea koe^ You 
have committed a crime. 

RA-MOTIRE, Sunday (Mod.). 

RAMU (ramu), the name of a fish. 

Ramuramu {rhmurhmu), small fish of the ramu 

RAND (rdnu), mud, sediment. 2. Scum, froth. 
Cf. ranutai, 3. Saliva, spittle. 4. Bubbles 
of water filled with air, denoting that the sea 
is rising. 

Ran u ran u (rhnuranu), plural of ranu, 

RANURA (rhnura), the first or last rays of the 
sun as it rises or sets. Gf . ra. ura. 

RANUTAI (rdnutdi)^ sea-scum; fro^h of the sea; 
sea-foam. Gf. ranu and tai, 

RAPA (rdpa), greasy, fatty. 

Raparapa (rdpardpa)j of a flat shape. Cf. rapa- 
rapahoe. 2. Green. 

Rarapa {rarapa)^ land well looked after, with- 
out grass or weeds. 

RAPAHOU (rdpahou), to be brought to bed (with 
child) for the first time. Cf. hou and akarari. 

RAPAKAU (rapakdu)y deception; deceit; impo- 
sition. 2. Hurtful ; noxious. 

Rapakau (rdpaMu), to deceive; to cheat; to do 
hurt to ; to harm. Raparapakau (raparapa- 
kau)j plural of the action ; rarapaKau (rara- 
pakdu)^ plural of the subject. 

RAPARAPA. See under rapa, 

RAPARAPAHOE (rdpardpahoe)j the flat of a pad- 
dle. Cf . rapa and hoe. 


RAPARAPAKOUEREI (rdpardpa-kouerH), a oooo- 
nut palm. Cf. kotterei, 

RAPOI (rapldi)^ to dress a piece of wood only on 
one side. Rapoipoi (rapbipTn), plural of the 
action ; rarapoi (rarapU)y plural of the sub- 

RAPU (rhpu)y to knead. 2. To Dray in a mortar. 
8. To dilute. 4. Burnt, or broken by the 
wind. 5. To kill ; to beat many times. Rapa- 
rapu (rdpardpu), plural of the action ; rarapu 
(rarapu)y plural of the subject. 

Rarapu {rarhpu)^ to swim on the back. 

Akarapurapu (aka-rhpurapu)^ to adorn one's 
self in a luxurious manner. 2. To marry 
within the forbidden degree. 3. To injure, 
to spoil. 4. To be inconstant, wavering, un^ 

RARA, an unfrequented place; lonely. Cf. rara- 
ikoroa. 2. See under rara, 

RARA (rdra)y a branch of a tree. Of. raramei^ 
rararakau, Rarakore, a metaphor, used to 
signify without sickness, without fault, with- 
out sin. Cf. kore. 2. To pass wood through 
the fire to straighten it when warped ; to pass 
leaves through a fire to soften them ; to put 
linen or stuff by the fire to dry. Gf , ra. 3. 
To hurl a lance without hitting the object 
aimed at, to throw crookedly. Rararara 
(rdrardra), plural of the action; rarara (ra- 
rdra), plural of the subject. 

Rara, to leave by the fire. 2. To show to the 
fire : that is, to cook in haste. 

Akarararara. See in place under aA^a. 

RARAQA. See under raga. 

RARAQINA. See under ragina. 

RARAI KOROA, to withdraw to some lonely place ; 
to dwell solitary. Cf . rara. 

RARAKO. See under rako. 

RARA KORE. See under rara. 

RARAKU. See under ra/cu. 

RARAMA. See under rama. 

RARAMAQA. See under rama. 

RARAMEI, a dry branch of the bread-fruit tree. 
Cf . rara and met. 

RARAPA. See under rajja. ' 

RARAPU. See under rajtm. 

RARAPU M AGO (rarapu-mhgo), to swim on the 
back of a shark. Cf. rapu and mago. 

RARARAKAU, a branch. Cf. rara and rakau. 
RARARA. See under rara. 
RARAVE. See under rave. 

RARE (rare), to change one word ror another in 
speaking. 2. To speak with difficulty, with- 
out being easily understood. 

Rarega (rarlga), a remainder, as of food, gar- 
meats, &c. ; a reserve supply, 

Rarerare (rdrerdre)t to speak with great diffi- 
culty, with words wrongly pronounced 
through some impediment iu the speech. 

Akararerare (aka-rdrerdre), to lie; to deceive 
by words. 




RARI (rhri), food (maa) spoilt by the sun, or 
through not having been covered np. Cf. 
urarij ururari, 2. Moist ; humid ; muddy. 

Rarirari (rhrirhri), wet; moist; soft; dirty; 
muddy. Mud ; dregs. Cf. torari. 

Akarari (aAui-rdrl), to have no pungency ; flat, 
insipid. 2. To make the first sketch of a de- 
sign ; to make the first outline of a carving ; 
to rough-hew. 3. The first child bed of a 

. woman. Cf. rapahou. 

Akararirari {aka-rdrirdri), to soften, to moisten ; 
to make muddy ; full of mud. 

RARO {rdro)t under; beneath; the part lying 
under. Cf. morarOj tararo, tukukiraro. 

Akararo {aka-rdro)^ to bend down to look. 2. 
Leaning towards one side. 3. To pass under. 
Akararoraro (aka'rhrorhro)^ plural of the 
action ; akarararo {aka-rararojf plural of the 

RARO A (rarha), a place where the son shines 
both in the morning and evening. Cf. ra and 

RARU {rdru), to be cooked. 2. Ended, finished : 
said of a piece of work. 3. Full : said of a 
food-pit. Faruraru (rdrurdru), plural of the 
action ; rararu (rardru)^ plural of the subject. 

Raruga {raruga), the action of raru. 

RARUA {rarua)y to look behind one. Plural, 
rararua (rararua). 

RATA (rata), to frequent, to resort to ; to keep 
company with. 2. To welcome. 

Akarata (aka-rata), to speak as if inspired. 2. 
To counterfeit ; to copy ; to mimic, to ape. 3. 
To imitate or give forth the words of a god. 
4. A prophet ; a sorcerer ; an oracle ; a man 
possessed with a dsemon. Manava rata, a 
heart given to luxury. 

RATARATAKINA (rataratakina), a clap of thun- 
der. 2. To crack with the teeth. 3. To 
crackle in the fire ; to snap, as reeds when 

RATONGATAI (ratdngatdi), to be equal; on an 
equality : said always of more than two per- 
sons. See tai and raugataL Cf . matatai. 

RATUTUTUTU (rhtutatutu), a burning sun, a 
stinging glare, the herskld of rain. Cf. tutu- 
tutu and ra. 


RAU (rdu), a hundred. E tahi amea a rai rau, 
There are not quite a hundred. 2. A leaf. 
Cf. rauheihei, 3. A garland of coco-nut 
leaves used in fishing. See aturau. Plural, 
raurau (raurau). 

Rauga {rang a). Said of a man to whom an 
object belongs, in distinction to one who does 
not possess it. 2. A man of prudence and 
discretion. 3. There is ; there are. 

Akarau (aka-r^u), to fatten a person in retire- 
ment, to keep one in the house without doing 
anything. 2. To fatten or cram animals. 

Alcararau (aka-rarau), to fish a man or an ob- 
ject of any kind out of the water. 2. To clean 
the teeth or gums with the tongue. 3. To 
push a finger down the throat to remove an 
obstruction therein. 

RAl>A {raua)t they two ; those two. 

RAUEREI, the name of a plant. 

RAUQA. See under rau. 

RAUQAKORE (raugakbre), a man who by com- 
parison with another has not that which the 
other has. 2. A man without prudence or 
propriety; a man who has no deportment or 
good manners ; uncultured. Raraugakore, 
plural of the subject. 3. " There is nothing 
there.** Cf. rauga and kare, 

Akaraugakore (aka-raugakbre), a vagabond ; a 
spy ; a scoundrel. 2. Brainless ; foolish. 

RAUQATAI (raaga-tai)f to be equal ; to be alike: 
said of two persons. Cf. ratogatai. 

RAUQOA (raugda), the dry branches of a shrub. 

RAUHEIHEI (rauheihei) t leaves of the great fern. 
Cf. rau. 

RAU I, to defend ; to keep off ; a defence. 

RAUKATAHA, the name of a plant. 

RAUPAPA, rubbish, fragments, as of a broken 
wall, <fec. 

RAURAU, plural of rau, a leaf , a garland. See 
under rau. 

RAURAU, the name of the fish matarau when 

RAUR JA (raurua)t fine native cloth of papyrus. 

RAUTA (ra-uta), to go by the high road, the 
land road. Cf . uta. 

Akarauta (aka-rauta), to cause to go by the in- 
land roads. 

RAUTEA (raut^)y the name of a kind of bind- 

RAVATAI, to find a thing. 

RAVATI (ravdti), to prohibit for some days the 
using of such and such things as food. 
Ravativati (ravdtivdti), plural of the action ; 
raravati (raravdti), plural of the subject. 

RAVATUA (ravatua), the flesh of the middle 
part of the body of a fish. 2. The shelving 
ridge of a road. 3. Poles placed in a thatch - 
roof and attached to a cross-pole to keep the 
roof secure. 

Ravaravatua (ravaravatua), lands on high ele- 
vations, on snelving ridges. 

Akaravatua (aka-ravatUa), to make a ridge or 
lump : said of the set of a garment. 

RAVE (rave), to take; to acquire possession. Cf. 
ravetka, 2. To pierce, to bite : said of good 

Rarave, difficult ; presenting obstacles ; hard 
to get. 

jIAkarave, the stone which serves as anchor or 
^ weight to a net. 

Akararave (aka-rarave), to be difficult of exe- 
cution. 2. To be difficult to pronounce. 3. 
Hard to retain. 4. To embarrass; to pre- 
sent obstacles ; obstructions. 

Raveraga (rdverdga), the action of rave. 

Ravehaga (rdvehdga), to be a worker; addicted 
to labour. Plural, raravehaga. 

RAVEIKA (raveika), a fisherman; to fish. Ra- 
raveika (raraveika), plural of the subject. Cf. 
rave and ika. 

RE AG A (reaga)y the repetition of an action. 




REAREA (rlarhi)t the extremities of the toe) 
and fingers. 

REE, the name of a fish. (Also rehe.) 

REQA (r^a)j a hulboas plant resembling a 
carrot. 2. Turmeric (Erega). Cf. tamarega, 

Regarega {rigar^a)^ yellow, yellowish. Cf . kura- 
regarega. 2. The name of *a fish. 

Akaregarega (aka-rlgar^ga), to have the jaun- 
dice. 2. The pallor of a corpse. 3. One who 
draws near to death. 4. To make yellow. 

REQO (rlgoV white scabs on the skin of the 
head. Plural, regorego. 

R EH ARENA (rlharlha)^ a pain in the stomach 
producing an impediment to breathing. It is 
induced by eating bad fish. 

REHAU (re/iau), thin, meagre. 

REHE (rlhe), the name of a locality in the large 
island of Mangareva (St. Michel). 

REHE (rehe)^ the name of a fish. Also ree, 

Reherehe (rlherlhe), the young of the fish rehe, 

f^HlHO {rlho)f the name of a shell-fish. 

Rehoreho (reharlho)^ the young of the shell-fish 

REHOREHO {r^horlho)j deep*, profound: said of 
deep places in the sea and of abysses in land. 

A REHOTARA {rlhotSira)^ the name of a shell-fish. 

REHU {rehu)t ft cinder ; ashes. Cf. tarehu, 

REHUREHU {rehur^hu), that part of the day 
from before the rising of the sun till 10 o'clock 
in the morning. 

(^El, a whale's tooth. Cf- akareimaru, reituiroto^ 
reiorua, tarareiara. 

Akarei, to make a chain so as to pass along 
things one to another. It is only used for 
heavy things, not for passing papers, knives, 


REiORUA {reiorua) a fish larger than others of 
its species. 

REIRA (reira), there : said of some certain place. 

REIRUA {rHrua)f rejoicing; a day of rejoicing 
and of idleness or rest. 

REITUIROTO {reithirbto), to cherish, to love 
tenderly and with ardour. Cf . reu 

REITUOROTO, having a brilliant interior, re- 
sembling the red colour inside a certain 

REKA {rlka), therefore; accordingly. 2. Indeed? 
Certainly 1 See there 1 8. Bather; sooner. 
4. Keally ; in reality. 5. Or ; either ; else. 

REKA REKA {rlkar^ka)^ joy; pleasure; to have 
pleasure; to take pleasure; to rejoice; to 
please one's self. 2. An itching, longing. 
(The higher joy, spiritual pleasure, is koakoa.) 

Akarekareka (aka-rlkareka), to cause to laugh. 
2. To cause to enjoy ; to make things pleasant ; 
to brighten up. 3. To rejoice ; to be glad. 

EKE(rlke)f the large end of a kneading-trough. 
The end of the fish-hook that is attached to 
the line. Cf. rekireki. 

Rekereke (r^ker^ke), the large end of a knead- 
ing-trough ca: ved on the outside^ 

Akareke {aka'reke)^ to make a reke^ to fasten 
in a notch the tie that holds the hook on. 

REKIREKI (rd^rd^), the end: used for the end 
of a thing on which one is seated, or when 
one holds the end of a thing. Cf . reke, 

REKIREKI-TAHAQA (rmrm'tahhga), an excla- 
mation : How delightful I 2> To be easy, 
unembarrassed; without burden or impedi- 
ment. Reki reki-tahaga (rlkireH-tahStga), plural 
of the action ; rereki-tahaga {rerM-tah^ga)^ 
plural of the subject. 

REMAI (remai), to emerge from a prison ; to re- 
cover from a sickness ; to be delivered from 
an evil. 

REMUREMU (rlmurlmu), small black fish that 
dwell among the marine plants. 

REN A (rlna), to stretch, to widen. 2. To scat- 
ter abroad. 3. To look at. 4. To open wide : 
as to lift up the eyelids. 

Akarena (aka-rlna), a waterspout. 

JiEO (rlo)j a sound. 2. The voice. 3. Speech; 
the language of the country. 4. An order. 
5. To utter, to tell. Reoreo, plural of the 
action ; rereo, plural of the subject. 6. Shell- 

Reoreo (r^r^o), a confused noise heard from 
afar on ; to near such noise. 2. To speak ; 
to make any one hear. 

REOAVA, a mute, a dumb person. 2. A stam- 
merer. Cf . reo and ava. 

REOQERE, a voice both high and deep. Cf. reo 
and gere, 

REOHAHA, to have a difficulty in repeating par- 
ticular words. 2. A spoken word. Cf. reo 
and haha. 

REOHATI (rlo-hati), a slip of the tongue. Cf. 
reOy hatit reotopa, 

REOREO. See under ftfo. 

REOTOPA, a slip of the tongue. Cf. topa, reo^ 

REPAREPA, tattooed. Cf. marape. 2. The flesh 
beneath the beak of a fowl. 

REPAREPA heparepa), cooked pia (arrowroot). 
2. The orifice of the oesophagus. 

Akareparepa (aka-reparepa), the name of the 
coco-nut when the kernel commences to 

REPO (repo), dirt; ordure; filth; dirty; soiled; 
to be dirty. Reporepo (ripor^po)^ plural of the 
action ; rerepo {rerepo)y plural of the subject. 
2. A man of coarse habits, of bad manners. 

Akarepo {aka-r^po)y to dirty ; to sully ; to spot. 
REPOTARO, a taro plantation. 

R ERE, the multitude; every one: No reira te 
kiki te rere. That is why everybody is there. 

RERE (rlre), to fly. 2. To leap. Cf. tirere. 3. 
To precipitate one's self from a high place. 
Cf. irere^ mar ere. Rererere {rlrerlre)y plural 
of the action ; re rare (rerlri)^ plural of the 

Rererega, the plsbce where one casts himself 
down. 2. The action of casting or of flying. 

Akarere (dka-rlre), suddenly; in an instant. 
j3. Entirely, p. To cause to fly ; to cause tQ 





leap. Akarererere (aka-r^rerhre)^ plural of the 
action ; akarerere (aka-rerere)^ plural of the 

REREA, to scrape ; to grate ; to file ; to rasp. 

Rererere, filed; sharpened; pointed like a 
needle. 2. A peak, summit. 8. Trenchant, 
sharpened ; cutting well. 

Rerererega {rhrer^r^ga)^ a peak that one cannot 
climb; inaccessible. 

R ERE API A, to scrape arrowroot. Cf. pia and 

■REREIHUTU (rereihUtu), the name of a fish. 2. 
White spots or patches on a dying person. 

BEREJOQA (rereidga), to feel the stomach empty 
through hunger.' 

REREKl, papyrus stuff of which the bark has 
not been washed. 

R E R E R E. See under rere. 

REREREGA. See under rere, 

RERERERE. See under rere. 

RERERERE. See under rerea. 

REREVA. See under reva, 

RERI (reri)y to quiver on being touched, as a 
jelly or any soft body. 

Rerireri (r^rirM)^ to quiver very much (as 
signified by reri. 2. The movement of the 
muscles when one runs. 

REU (rlu), a cinder^ a coal. 2. Charcoal. 3. 

REU A {reua)y very sharp to the taste ; acid. 2. 
The name of a sea-fish. 

REU REU {rhureu)j morning. 

REV A (rlva), a fiag, an ensign. 2. A signal. 3. 
To cross, to pass across quickly. Cf . arareva. 
4. The name of a tree (Aleurites). 5. A 
mountain in Mangareva. 6. Coco-nut milk 
not coagulated by cooking. 7. To leave 'its 
place : said of the pupil of the eye. 

Rereva (rerlva)^ the development of the female 

Revaga {revdga)^ departure; setting out. A 
passage; the action of passing or crossing 

Revareva (rhjarlva). Said of a cake which has 
more bread-fruit in it than of the old maa 

Akareva (aka-r^va), to cause to pass ; to convey 
across. To carry from person to person or 
from place to place ; to transport. Akareva- 
reva {aka-r^Dareva) plural of the action ; also 
to transport constantly ; to keep on taking 
people across. Akarereva (aka-rer^va)^ plural 
of the subject. 

REVAGA. See under reva. 

REVAREVA. See under reva. 

Rl (rt), a tie, a ligature; a string; a girdle. Cf. 
rtoge, ripukao. To tie together ; to bind ; to 
attach. Plural, riri (riri). 

Akari (aka-ri)^ to present with the hand, but 
not close ; to present from a little distance. 

filA, slow, tardy. 2. Blear-eyed. 

RIAHI (ridhi), to fatten, to become corpulent. 
Cf . riaki. 

RIAKI (ridki), to grow fat, sleek. 2. To become 
beautiful. 3. A gale, a tempest. 4. To heave 
a great sigh. 

Riariaki (ridridki), to often heave great sighs. 
Plural, ririaki {riridki). 

Akariaki (aka-ridki), to draw long breaths, as 
after a race, or when one is dying. Plural, 
akariariaki (aka-riaridki). 

RIGA, small, little. 2. Dear, darling. Cf. rioge. 

RIGI (as " to flow "). See merigi. 

RIGiRIQI (rigirigi), an absolution or justification 
from wrong-doing granted by a (heathen) 
priest. Cf. ririgi. 

Rigirigi, a prayer of one lately arrived. 2. A 
prayer for the sanctification of a priest. 

RIGORIQOA (rigorigta), weariness of the limbs 
which makes one restless when lying on the 
bed. Cf. ririgoa. 2. To struggle, to writhe 
wHh grief or pain. 3. To be pestered by a 
blockhead who torments one while sleeping. 

RIKA (rlka)y to awake and get up suddenly. 2. 
To admire anything greatly ; to wonder at. 
Rikarika (rlkarlka), plural of the action ; 
ririka {rirlka), plural of the subject. 

Rikaraga (rlkaraga)^ the action of awaking, 
arising, &c. 

Rikarika (rikafika)^ to slumber ; to sleep. 

Rikarlkaraga {rlkarlkarhga), the circumstance 
of sleeping. 

Akarika (aka-rtka), to awaken a person. Aka- 
ri kari ka (a/ta-rlfcarlAa), plural of the action: 
akaririka (aka-rirlka), plural of the subject. 

RIKAAKEITEAO, to awake from sleep; to arise. 

RIKI (riki)y to distribute in small portions. Cf. 
torikif tttaririki. 

Rikiriki (rlkirlki), small, little. 2. Very small. 

Akari kiriki (aka'rikiriki)^ to make small; to 

RIKO. Seerinko. 

RIKOI, to disappear, coming and going; inter- 
mittent. 2. To change place. 

RIKOI {rikU), to perceive only the shadow of. 
Rikorikoi {nkorlkU), plural of the action; 
ririkoi (rifikoi), plural of the subject. 

Rikorikoi, to appear at intervals, as when pass- 
ing among trees. 

RIMA (rhna), the arm. 2. The hand. 3. A 
fijager. 4. The paw of an animal. Cf . kapu- 
rtwta, kaverima^ kokumurima, kourima, para- 
rima. 5. Five. 

Rimarima, having a termination or end in the 
shape of the hand, or resembling a hand. 

Akarimarima {aka-r\marima), to carve ; to hand- 
work. 2. The three branches or divisions of 
a certain ancient piece of native furniture. 

RIMAITI rlma-tti), the little fingers. Cf. rima 
and iti. 2. To give little ; to divide up into 
small portions. Plural ririmaiti (rirhnalti). 

RIMAKAIGA {rlma-kalga), to be always liberal, 
generous, and sympathetic. Ririmakaiga (ri- 
'rtma-kalga), plural of the subject. Ct rima- 




RIMAKAVA {nnia-kava), to be miserly ; stingy 
shabby, niggard. Plural ririmakava {rirlma 

RIMAMAQA (rimamaga)y the name of a plant. 

RIM AM ERIE {fima-merle), to be generous, liberal ; 
pitiful. Plural, ririmamerie (rirtma-merie). 
Cf. rimakaigay rima, merie. 

Akarimamerie (aka-rimamerie)^ to give in cha- 
rity; to assist others with food, clothes, &q. 

RIMANUI (r?.ma-nat), the thumb. 2. To give 
largely, bountifully. Plural ririmanui (ririma- 
nUi), Cf. rima and nui. 

RIMAPA, to strike with the hand ; to slap. Cf. 
rima, pa. Plural, ririmapa (rifimaph). 2. 
Heavy-handed ; one in the habit of striking- 
or slapping. 

RIMARIMA. See under riwa. 

RIMARIMATINAKU (r\marima-tinaku), to be ego- 
tistical ; self-centred. 

RIM ATE A (rimatea)y not to take advantage of 
an occasion offering to procure food, fisb, &cl, 
when others do so. Plural ririmatea (riri- 

RIMATIPANQA, a kind of dance (of Upaupa). 

RIMU (r\mu)f moss. Rimu-poatu, moss on stones ; 
rimu-rakau, moss on trees. 

Rimurimu (rimurimu)^ a small variety of moss^ 

RINO {'Tlnojj to twist a thread between forefinger 
and thumb. 2. To roll or coil coco-nut fibre 
to make a plait or line. Rinorino {rhwfino), 
plural of the action ; ririno (rirlno), plural of 
the subject. 

Rinorino (rinorino), hair rendered supple and 
glossy with grease. 2. To make kaha or 
coco-nut-fibre rope. 3. To put end to end : 
used of the keiara. 

RIOGE, dearest; darling; little pet. Cf. riga. 
2. The girdle of a corpulent woman. Cf. ri 
and oge. 

RIOGE (ridge), extremely dear ; loved with the 
greatest tenderness. 

RlPO (ripo), to undo, to take asunder; to put 
out of place ; disordered, disarranged. Ripo- 
ripo (rlporipo), plural of the action ; pi ripe 
(riripo), plural of the subject. 

Akaripo (aka-ripo), to spoil ; to waste ; to de- 
stroy. 2. To be impious ; wicked ; to do 
wickedness. Plural, akariporipo (aka-rlpo- 

RIPOGAKOROPOE (fipbgakTyropbe), to work in ob- 
scurity ; to labour in the dark. 

RIPUKAO (ripukao), a chain; a shackle; a cord. 
Cf . n, rioge. 

R I R E, I To welcome, to greet with affection. 

RIRERIRE,) Well-beloved. 

RIRI. See under ri. 

RIRI (firi), to be angry, in a passion; anger, 
passion. 2. To hate. 3. To do with violence ; 
to do passionately. Cf. auriri. 4. An excla- 
tion:^ riri.' You wretch 1 Villain I Riri riri 
(ririrtri), plural of the action; ririri (rifiri), 
plural of the subject. 

Riria (rirla), wicked, bad. Naughty : said to 
children. 2. To refuse to do a thing. 

Akariria (aka-rirla), to depreciate; to make 
out to be bad ; to say that such-and-such 
persons are no good. 2. To make a thing 
useless. 3. To carry on evil conversation. 

RIRIA. See under riri. 

RIRIAKI. See under riaki. 

RIRI ATE A, to be habitually penurious and nig- 

R I RIG I, to work well and with good taste or 
good result. Cf. rigirigi. 

RIRIGOA, entirely dried up. Cf. rigorigoa. 

RIRIKA. See under riA;a. 

RIRIKINO (rlriJ^no), to bite, to scratch, to claw, 
with rage or in quarrel. Cf. riri and kino. 
Riri riri kino (flrirlrikino), plural of the action ; 
ririri kino (rirlrikino), plural of the subject. 

RIRIKO, to shine, to glitter. 

Akaririko (aka-ririko), to cause to sparkle or 

RIRINO. See under rino. 

RIRID (rirlo), to shut, to close up : said of dry 
leaves. To perish, to waste away: said of 

R I R I PO. See under ripo. 

RIRIRI. See under riri. 

RIRIRIRI. See under riri. 

RIRO. Marama-riro. See under mar ama. 

RI RO (riro), to pass away to others ; carried off ; 
taken away. 2. To become ; to be made. 
Riroriro (riroftro), plural of the action ; ririro 
(ririro), plural of the subject. 

Akariroriro (aka-rtrorlro), to carry ; to carry 
off ; to carry off things one after another on 
the shoulders. 2. To try to lift up a thing. 

RITO (rito), clear, fresh : said of water. Bright, 
f resn : said of a leaf newly unfolded. 

Ritorito (fitonto), a brilliant green ; of a beau- 
tiful green colour. 2. Beautiful, striking, 
claiming attention. 3. Verdant : said of 
trees, &c. 4. Clean ; clean-made ; well-made : 
said of men of good presence. 5. Pure ; 
without moral stain; innocent: said of the 
heart or conscience. 

Akarito (aka-rito), to cleanse, to purify ; to 
freshen. 2. To whiten, to bleach: said of 
clothes. 3. To polish one's self ; to become 
polite and elegant. Plural, akaritorito (aka- 

RIU (riw), to proceed by the edge of the sea in 
doubling a cape, or in going round a thing. 
2. To go by land without passing through the 
mountain country. 3. To double a cape : 
said of a canoe. Cf. koriu. Riuriu (riurni), 
plural of the action ; ririu (ririu), plural of 
the subject. 

Akariu (aka-riu), to put a thing in front of 
something else ; to set face to face. 2. To be 
everywhere ; universal. 3. To go and come. 

4. To go round ; to encircle, circumnavigate. 

5. A circle; around. Akariuriu (aka-riimu), 
plural of the action ; akaririu (aka-rirhi), 
plural of the subject. 

RIVI, lateral stakes or post^ of a house. 2. A 
tie or ligature used upon a net when the fish 
are taken. 




Rivirivi, a ligature on a net when fish are en- 

RIVITAI (rivitai)y to be wholly given up' to one 
occupation or thing. 2. To love once, and 
only one person. Rivirivitai (rivirXvitai), plural 
of the action ; ririvitai (rirliitai), plural of the 

RO (rd), an ant. 2. A weaver's comb (? Modern: 
French roSy rot). 3. An exclamation : Ho ! 
always used before a substantive and never 

RO, a euphonic particle ; it takes the article. 
Ex. : Teroe kai. Te ro kai. E ro te kai o mea^ 
the food of a thing. 

ROA, a bone stuck in the throat. 2. The re- 
mains of charcoal from an oven. 

Akaroaroa {aka'rharha)^ to make efforts to re- 
move a bone &tuck in the throat. 

ROA (rba)f long; far; stretched out in length. 
Extended : said of a prolonged time or epoch. 
Cf. kumeroaj moeroa, torororoa. Roaroa (r()a- 
rha), plural of the action. 

Roroa (rorba), long. 

Roaroroa (rharorba), very large ; greatly ex- 
tended ; very long. 

Akaroa (aka-rha) to elongate; to prolong. Aka- 
roroa (aka-roroa), plural of the subject, and 
denoting longer action than akaroa. 

Akapoaroaroroa (aka-roaroaroroa), to stretch 
out very greatly. 

ROAU (rodu), to grow lean, to become thin. 

ROGA {rbga), food (maa) deteriorated by expo- 
sure to the air. 

Rogaroga (rhgarbga), has same meaning as 

ROGO (rbgo), the god Kongo. 2. The rainbow 
3. A deputy. 

ROGO (rbgo)y to hear; to understand; to per- 
ceive ; to comprehend. To know. Rogorogo 
(rbgorbgo), plural of the action; porogo (ro- 
rbgo)j plural of the subject. Cf. rogoatera. 

RogOPOgo {rbgor7)go)j to hear aright ; to under- 
stand perfectly. 

Akarogo (aka-rbgo), to cause to know; to in- 
struct. 2. To carry news ; to report. 3. To 
listen. 4. To say, to tell. Akarogopogo (aka- 
rbgorbgo), plural of the action ; akapopogo 
(aka-rm'bgo), plural of the subject. 

ROGOATERA (rogoatera) ^ to learn or find out 
from others. 

ROGOROGO. See under rogo. 

ROGOROGO-AKA-TE-ITI, a prayer or chant for 
one newly arrived. 2. To begin to know ; to 
be initiated. 3. Confused cries. 

ROGO U A (r'bgo-ua)^ one who knows already; 
one who also knows. 


Akapogoupu {aka-rogouru)j to count up to ten. 
ROHA (rbha), a corner or angle of a house. 

ROHEROHE {rbherhhe), small, little : E mea rohe- 
rohCf It is little. . 

Akapohepohe (aka-rbherbhe), to give in small 
quantities ; to give some very small thing. 

Rorohe, to become sterile or of diminishing 


ROHI (rbhi)t a bed; a sleeping-place. Cf. roH. 

ROI (rU)^ the name of a fish. 

ROi (r^i), to stammer ; to stutter. 2. To spea^ 
through the nose; to be inarticulate, unin- 
telligible. Roipoi {r7nrH)t plural of the action ; 
popoi (rorU)j plural of the subject. 

Ropol {rorU), to express juice, Ac, by straining 
through a cloth. 2. To squeeze or press with 
the hands. 3. To milk. 4. To purify. 

Ropoipaga (roroiraga), the action of roroi. 

Roipoi {rUrU)f to speak thickly, as with the 
mouth full. 2. To press with the hand on 
an injured limb, or on a part of the body 
suffering pain. Cf. romiromi. 

ROIMAKUARE [rbimakuare), the name of a fish. 

ROI M ATA {rUmata)j to bloom, to grow flowers. 
(2) The beginning of growth in a tree. Plural, 
ropoimata {rorUmhta). 

ROI OH A, to be languishing; without nervons 
force. Having lassitude in the limbs. Plural, 
popoioha. Cf. oha. 

ROI ROI. See under rot. 

ROKA {rbka)j to use one word for another; to be 
mistaken. 2. To deceive one's self by think- 
ing that some one has stolen a thing you are 
looking for. 3. Not to remember ; unable to 
recollect. Rokapoka (rbkarbka), plural of the 
action : popoka (rorbka)^ plural of the subject. 

ROKI (rbki), a bed; a sleeping-place. Cf. rohi. 

Rokiga (roklga), home; one's usual dwelling. 

ROKIROKIGAKORENOA, to have no place; to 
have no home. 2. Not to be able to find a 
place to sit down on. See next word. 

ROKIROKIKORENOA, in great quantity. 

ROKUROKU, a final prayer used when throwing 
the ram^ at a funeral. 

ROMA {rbma)^ not in abundance; to be rather 
scarce : said only of large things. Ropoma 
(rorTrma), plural of the subject. 

Ropoma Crordma), a surging sea drawing back 
on an ebb tide to deep water. 

ROMIROMI, to rub, to cause friction. 2. To sink 
in the water because beaten down by the 
beach-surf. Cf. roiroi. 

Ropomi {roromi)f to cover, to press, to squeeze, 
to trample : said of waves. Romipomi (rbmi- 
rhmi)y plural of the action. 2. To eat in 
secret, either through miserliness, greed, or 
through having stolen the food. 

ROPIKO, blame; criticism; an expression of 

RORE, a noise as of a metallic thing falling or 
striking against something. 

RORE (rhre), to go back on one's word; to break 
a promise. 2. To return or turn back when 
walking. Cf. rorekereke. 

ROREKEREKE, occupied and busy, sometimes 
on one thing, sometimes on another. Cf . rorl. 
2. Inconstant; not to be trusted; one who 
does not keep his promise or his liue of con- 
duct, Cf. rore, 




RORI, to rook; to shake; to stir; to toss about. 
Gf. roro. 2. To stir one's self ; agitated, 
shaken. Of. rorekereke^ turorirori^ akatakarori. 
Rorirori, plural of the action ; rorori (rorbri)^ 
plural of the subject. 

Akarori (aka-rori)^ to do nothing but come and 
go ; continually on the move. 2. To be idle, 

Akaroriron, to cause to stir; to make to move ; 
to shake. 2. To make to move equally from 
side to side; to balance. Akaron-mei roto^ 
to vomit ; to cause nausea. 

RORIKA (rorika)y a cuirass; a protection for the 

RORO, soft, smooth. 2. To roll : said of waves 
when they break on the beach and then re- 
tire, leaving the sand dry. 3. To tie neatly 
the pandanus leaves placed on the front of a 

Akaroro (aka-roro^t absence of the monthly 
courses (catamenta) in women. 

Akaroroporo {aka-rorororo), to soften, to mollify ; 
to make soft and smooth, as food (maa)y or 
semi-liquids as porridge, &c. 

RORO {roro)t the head, the cranium. Of. roro- 
pura, 2. A squall, a sudden gust. 3. The 
cradle or nest in which the young flowers of 
the coco-nut rest. 4. Pure milk from the 
bosom, or from pressed coco-nuts. Of. turoro. 

Rorororo (rbrorbro), good, pleasant. Soft, 
smooth ; agreeable to the taste. 

RORO A. See under roa, 

ROROHE. See under rohe. 

ROROI. See under rot. 

ROROIOE (rordiol)y cocks and hens; domestic 

ROROIOHA. See under roioha. 

ROROI RAG A. See under roi. 

ROROKA. See under roka, 

ROROKO (roThko), to usurp a power or function ; 
to possess one's self of a thing. 2. To ask 
again ; to ask back again. 3. To return to a 
place to ask that something be given back. 

RORO MA. See under roma, 

ROROMI (roTlymi)^ a species of crayfish. 2. See 
under romiromi. 

ROROPURA, bald, hairless. Of. roro a,nd. pura, 

RORORI. See under rori, 

RORORORO. See under roro, 

ROTEA. One who has not been tattooed. Gf. 

ROTEGE, the name of a fish. 

ROTO (rbto), profound, deep; profundity, depth. 
Gf . porotoroto. 2. Obscure ; grown dim. 3. 
The inside; in, within: Mahana roto^ an 
inner garment. 4. The bowels ; the entrails. 

Rotoroto (rotor'btoV a low tide. 2. Water up to 
the neck. 3. Tne black skin of a ripe bread- 

Akaroto {aka-roto)^ to feel a chill in the stomach 
as if cold water was poured into it. 2. Shady, 
umbrageous ; dim, shadowy : like the bottom 
of the sea. 

Akarotoroto (aka'roUyroto)^ black. 2. Shady, 

ROTOPU (rhtO'pU)^ a deep place ; perpendicularly 
deep ; abysmal. 

ROTOROTO. See under roto. 

ROTU (rUu), to beat the sea to frighten fish into 
the nets. 2. To beat a drum. 3. To eat a 
great deal. RotuPOtu (rUurntu). plural of the 
action; porotu (rorhtU), plural of the subject. 

Roturotu (rbturotu), the name of a small insect. 

2. A great eater ; a glutton. 

Akarotu (aka-rotu), colic; pains in the intes- 
tines. 2. A noise as of water in the bowels ; 
internal rumblings. * 

Akarotu rotu (aka-rbturUu), to sob. 2. Often. 

3. With a jerk ; a check ; a reproof. Koa aka- 
roturotUy groaning. 

ROTUKAIKAI, a great eater. Gf. rotu and kai. 

ROTUROTU. See under rotu. 

ROU, a leaf. Of. rau. 

ROU {rTm), a forked pole with which to gather 
bread-fruit ; to gather bread-fruit with a rou. 
Rourou (rt)urTru), plural of the action ; rorou 
{rorbu)y plural of the subject. 

ROUAIKA (rouaika), leaves of the banana. Gf. 

ROUHARA (rduhdra), leaves of the pandanus. 
Gf. hara or ara. 

ROUHURU (rbuhuru), dried leaves of the banana. 
Gf. rouuru. 

ROU HUTU {rhuhutu), leaves of the hutu. 

ROU K A RE (rTmkape), leaves of the kape^ particu- 
larly of the Garib cabbage. 

ROUMAIKA {rhuTnatka)^ green leaves of the 
banana. Gf . rou^ika, roumiroika. 

ROU M El (rtfuni^i), leaves of the bread-fruit tree. 

ROUMIROIKA, the same as roumaika. 

ROUNA (rouTia), mother-of-pearl that is violet- 
coloured towards the edges. 2. Fair blonde 
hair. Gf . rouoho. 

ROUOHO (rpubho), the hair of the head. Of. oho, 
opeoho, f'ouru. 2. Name of a part of the pearl- 

ROU PA K A (rTmpaka), leaves that have dried up. 
Gf. rou and paka. 2. Leaves of taro placed 
ready for cooking. 

ROURU (roUru), the name of a place in Manga- 

ROURU, the head of hair; the completely 
dressed hair with all adornments. Gf. urn, 
roUj rouoho. 

ROUTI (roUti), a leaf of the tree named ti (Cor- 

ROUURU, dry leaves of the banana. Of. rouhuru. 

ROUYIRI (rouviri), to pay or recompense justjy. 

Rouvlriga {rouvlrlga), the action of recom- 
pensing justly. 

RU (rw), to shiver with cold; to tremble; to 
shake with fever. Gf . oupuru, maruru, ruruatu, 
taparuru. 2. To be eager ; in haste ; fervent. 
To be impatient, burned in action. Ex. : Eu 
ra ? Who is pushing ? 




Ruraga {ruragd^ eagerness, impatience, im- 
petuosity of action. 

Ruru (rurU), to move, to stir, to shake, to dis- 
turb. Cf . heharuniy heruru. 

Ruru (ruru). See under ruru. 

Ru ruraga (ruruaga), the action of moving, of 
stirring, of shaking, &c, 

RUA (riia)y two. Cf. mataruaj tnorua, orua, pu- 
ruay vairua. 

Ruarua, enormous; gross; thick. Qt.ruharuha' 

Akaruarua {aka-rUarua), to enlarge, to make 

RUA (rua)^ a hole in the ground; a ditch ; a 
trench. . 

Akarua (aka-rUa)^ to make a hole in the ground. 

2. To put food (viaa) into a food-pit. 3. To 
lead a sedentary life ; hermit-like. Plural, 
akaruarua (aka-rUarUa), 

Akarua. See under words in aka. 

Ruarua irUarXia)^ holes; pits; trenches. 2. 
Lands having irregular surfaces caused by 
pits or sinkings of the soil. 

RUAi. See aruai, 

RUAKARAKO, the nest of the karako bird. 2. A 
hole or deficiency in the walls or covering of 
a house. 

RUAKARAKO (rhakarako), to allow one's self to 
be surpassed by others at work. Plural, 
ruaruakarako (rUariiakarako), 

RUAPOPOU (ruapop7)u)y to make haste ; to expe- 

RUARUA. See under rua (two). 

RUARUA (ruarua). See under rwa, a hole. 

RUATO, a far-stretching sea. 

RUE (rue), to melt away, to disperse: said of an 
assembly or crowd. Plural, rurue (rurUe). Cf. 

Ruerue (ruerue), to wash with water. 2. To 
wipe, to rub, to clean. Cf . horoi. 

RUEHINE, old; aged. Plural, ruruehine. 

RUGA (ruga), the top of a thing. 2. High ; on 
high ; above ; over. Cf . mateeiruga, moruga. 

RUGO (rugo), a quick recovery to health. 

RUHA (ruha), an old string from the roof when 
it can be used again. 

RUHARUHA (rUhariiha), of large dimensions. 
Cf. ruarua (under rua), 

RUHIE (ruhie), a large shark. 

RUHIRUHI (ruhirUhi), having a bad taste. 2. 
Disagreeable on account of its sour smell. 

3. To have the senses nauseated by a sicken- 
ing taste or smell. 4. To dislike anything, 
as a speech, &o, 

RUKI (ruki), to work at any painful and long- 
continued task. 

Rukiruki (rlikiruki), to occupy one's self with 
very long and very exhausting or dangerous 
work. Ruruki (rurUki), plural of the subject. 

RUKU (ruku), to plunge, to dive. Cf. moruku. 
2. To throw one's self down headlong, head- 
first. 3, To bend the head so as to avoid a 
blow. Rukuruku (rukuruku)^ plural of the 
action; ruruku (rwra^nt), plural of the subject. 

Ruruku (rurhku), to gather leaves together. 2. 
To assemble people at one's house. 3. To 
shorten or lift a garment that is too long. 

Rukuga (rukaga), the action of diving or 

Akaruku (aka-ruku), to catch little fishes in a 
small net or piece of cloth. Plural, akaruku- 
ruku (aka-rukuniku). 

Rukuruku, to dive or plunge often. 2. To col- 
lect little fish or small berries. 

Rukuruku, the distribution of small things by 

RUMAKI, to pitch and toss as a ship ; pitching, 

RUMAKI (rumaki), to throw or push a quantity 
of food (viaa) mto a food-pit. 2. To upset or 
overturn, with commotion. 3. To assemble 
a great crowd of people. Rumakimaki (ru- 
vmkimaki), plural of the action; rurumaki 
(rurumaki), plural of the subject. 

Rumakiraga, the action of rumaki. 

Rumarumaki (rUinarUmaki), to swell and sub- 
side : said of a rolling or surging sea. 

Akarumaki (aka-runmki), a long procession of 
many people on the march. 

Akarumakimaki (aka-runr^kimaki), a calm sea 
after high winds. 2. Places at sea where the 
waves swell high but do not break ; a heavy 
swell. 3. To dive or plunge often. 4, To 
undulate ; to wave. 

RUPE (rupe), to distribute, to divide. 2. To set 
out; to go away. 3. To open a bundle or 
package. 4. To examine. Ruperupe (riipe- 
riipe), plural of the action ; rurupe (rurupe)t 
plural of the subject. 

Rupega (rupega), distribution ; partition. 

Ruperupe (ruperUpe), to often distribute; to 
often examine. 2. To pick itself, to clean 
itself : said of birds. 

RUPOU (rvpou), to drink by stooping down at a 
brook. 2. To put one's lips to the water in 
a cup. Rupoupou (rupoupbu), plural of the 
action; rurupou (rurupTm), plural of the sub- 
Rupouga (rupouga), the action of rupou. 

RURAGA. See under m. 

RURE, a^ierm of affection for an eldest daugh 
ter. 2. Miss, Mademoiselle. 

RURE (rare), a kind of tattooing. 

Akarure (aka-rure), to put on a new garment to 
work in ; to put on one's best clothes. Aka- 
rurerure (aka-rurerUre)j plural of the action; 
akarurure (aka-rurUre), plural of the subject. 

RURU (rum), a shelter, cover; to shelter» to 
shield, to screen. 2. (Riiru), See under ru. 

Ruruga (rUruga)^ the action of sheltering, &c. 

Rururu (rUrUru), to be sheltered, screened. 

Ruru ruga (rUruruga), the condition of being 
sheltered, &g. 

Ruru ruru (rUrururu), perfectly sheltered; ad- 
mirably screened ; a well-sheltered place. 2. 
Said of a fine head of hair that has grown 
after a sickness. 

Ruru ruruga (rurUrumga), the action of rum- 




Akaruru (aka-rUrujy to shelter; a shelter, a 
screen. 2. To stone to death ; to attack (but 
it must be with more than ten stones). Plural, 
akaruru ruru (aka-rUrurUru), 

RURUATU, to shake, to stur. Gf. ru. 

R U R U E, to gather together an assembly. Of. rUe. 
(A carious difference or opposition in mean- 
ing is here marked by the accent.) 

RURUEHINE, the plural of ruehine. 

RURUQA. See under ruru. 

RURUKAIQA, a shelter or screen for the soil. 

RURUKl. See under ruM. 

RURUKU. See under ruA»i. 

RURU RAG A. See under ru, 

RURURU. See under ruru. 

RURDRURU. See under ruru. 

RUTU (rutu), to beat, to strike. 2. To cause to 

RUTURUTU (raturueu), to strike or beat slightly. 
Rurutu (rurutu)y plural of the subject. 

Ta, an article, generally used concerning food. 
It is not used before a noun serving as nomi- 
native in d sentence, but it is used in the 
sense of '*This is mine," and is a genitive 
particle in matters relating to food, wife, and 
lusband It stands sometimes in place of 
na. ^ Takui haga^ That which I do. 

TAj writing ; a letter, an epistle. 2. The name 
of a fish. 3. The prayer of one newly ar- 

TA (to), to tattoo 2. To wr!te, 3. To suffer; 
to leel darting pains : said only of a wound 
or <* sore, or nf some injury to the skin. 4. 
To make a fish-hook. 5. To make a net. 6. 
To take the husk from a coco-nut. 7. To 
uncover; to see for the first time. 8. To 
clean or scour a high wall. 9. To cut young 
pol<)i he bark of which is used for making 

Tata (tcita), to cut wood ; to cut fruit with a 
slicing or chop, as bread-fruit is cut. 

Tata, to break,^ to open a coco-nut. 2. To be 
wry sleepy. 

Tata (tatd), to navigate by sailing. 2. To set 
Bidl. 3. To raise, to set on high. 4. To draw 
a pet son along by the hand, the clothes, the 
hair, &c. 5. To be as crooked in mind as in 
person. Tatatata (t^t^t^ta), plural of the 
action ; tatata (tathmj^ plural of the subject. 

Tatata, to persist in doing a certain action. 

Tatatata, to rave, to talk nonsense ; to be de- 
lirious. 2. To be caught by the hair. 3. To 
set sail. 

TAAKI, excessively disobedient. 

TAATA, clear, bright; having openings; not 
joined together. Gf. ataata, hatahata, taataha, 

TAATAHA, to cut up ; to cut in pieces. To cut 
to pieces through rage or hatred. 2. To tear 
cloth or stuff. 

TAE (td6), to arrive ; to attain ; to reach. Tae- 
tae (taetd£), plural of the action; tatae (tat^)y 
plural of the subject. 2. To equal ; to make 
one's self equal to. 

Taega, a place that is the haunt of fish. 

Akatae (aka-Uu), to sound or plumb the depth 
of water ; to measure the depth of soil. 2. 
To cause to come together ; to make to touch. 
3. To go far away. 4. To try to seize some- 
thing that gives one trouble to catch. Aka- 
taetae (aka-td>eUie)t plural of the action ; aka- 
tatae, plural of the subject. 


TAENA (to^na), to touch or hit with the hands 
at any person or thing. Taetaena (ta^taina), 
plural of the action ; tataena {tata^na) plural 
of the subject. 

TAEROA, even; until ; as far as. 

TAETA {talta), to fall drop by drop, as water 
from a rock. Gf . taetavai, 

TAETAVAI, water spilt or shed naturally, but 
not forming a briook. Gf . taeta and vat. 

TAQAEPU (tagd^pu)^ a calabash having weak or 
soft skin. 2. A man of delicate constitution. 

TAQAHI (tagahi)^ to be smooth to the touch: 
said of cloth, stuff, <fec. Tagatagahi (thga- 
taghhi)y plural of the action; tatagahi (tata- 
gahi)^ plural of the subject. 

TAGAHUE {tagahue)f to be just ripe, on the 
point of maturity : said of fruits. 

TAG A I (tagai), a mixture of the red fecula with 
the paste (maa) of bread-fruit. 

TAGAO (tagao), to drag, to draw along. 2. To 
drawl in speech. Tagaogao (taghogdu)), plurak 
of the action ; tatagao (tatagho), plural of the 

Tagaoraga (to^^torft^a), slowness of action. 
TAG AT A (taghta), a man or woman (fcoTiio). 

Akatagata (aka-tagata), to make a present. 2. 
To make friends ; friendly. 

TAGATAGA (tdpatd^a), of full size ; of average 
size. • 

Akatagataga, to be of average size. 

TAGATAMOTUA (taghta-mbtiLa), adult men and 
women. Marm tagatamotua, a full-grown 

Akatagatamotua (aka'tagMa-mlbtua), to form a 
man ; to bring a person up to manhood or 
womanhood. ^ 

TAGI (t^gi)i * ory ; * chant. To sing. 2. Weep- 
ing, lamentation ; to weep, to lament, to sigh 
after, to desire, to regret. 8. The sound of a 
trumpet or of a bell, Ao, 4. To make a noise. 

Tagitagi (thgitagi)j a chant or song in which 
many voices join; it is accompanied by 
gesticulation, generally of an amorous or 
libidinous character. 

Akatagi (aka-tagi)^ to sound; to chink; to 
ring ; to resound ; to re-echo. 2. To keep up 
a good fire in the native oven. 





TAGO (%fo), a piece of wood pat crosswise to 
sustain the roof, under the beams. 

TAGO {fi^oV to search for something on the 
coral reels at low tide. 

Tagotago (iHgottigo)^ the same as tago^ but more 
generally used. 

TAGURU, a word used concerning heavy rain. 
' Va tagurUf heavy rain, 

TAGUTUGUTU, a kind of large fish. 

TAHA ^ha)t nearby; close. In the presence 
of. With ; at home with. 2. Young; said of 
children and young people from about four 
years of age to nineteen. 3. A bird having 
down, not feathers. 4. A protection used at 
sea ; a canoe-shield. 5. To go from the sea 
to shore, or from the beach toward the 
mountain side. 6. To guard or defend the 
fishing in a certain place. Tahataha, plural 
of the action; tataha (tataha)^ plural of the 

Akataha {aka-th?ui)y to shun, to avoid; to evade. 

Tahataha {thhatdiha)^ to cut inbo pieces, as meat, 
food, <&c. 2. To open the pearl-oyster. 3. To 
widen a wound or srtre to insert some foreign 
substance. 4. To make an autopsy. Aka- 
tahataha {aka-tahataha)y plural of the action ; 
akatataha (aka-tataha), plural of the subject. 

TAHAGA, only; solely. Ct. nohotahaga, 2. The 
skin of a shatk, or of the ume fish, used for 
polishing fish-hooks. 

TAHAHA (tahdiha), to bear false witness; to 
slander; to calumniate in a most shameful 

Tahaharaga {taMharhgajy calumny ; atrocious 

TAHAKl, a name applied to a man with red hair 
• and ruddy skin. A red man who came in 
ancient days to Mangareva. 

Tahakihaki (taMkihdki), to hear anv one speak 
a long distance off. and only imperfectly 
' heard. 

TAHARA (tahhra)^ a young man or woman from 
eighteen to twenty-nine years old. 

TAHATAHA. See under fafca. 

TAHATU {tahatu), the portion of food yet re- 
maining ; the amount of work still to be done. 
Plural, tahatahatu (tahhtahhtu), 2. A creek ; 
a bay ; a cove. 3. A tribe. 

TAHAURI, bread-fruit that is ripe without ap- 
pearing so. 2. The shock or encounter of 
waves. 3. To change, to disguise, to conceal. 
To disguise one's self. 4. To put to the ac- 
count of another. 

TAHE (t^he)j to run ; to flow ; to melt : said of 
grease, snow, &g. Tahetahe, plural of the 
action; tatahe {tat^he)^ plural of the subject. 

Tahega (tah^ga)^ marks made by flowing water. 
2. The bed of a brook, <fec. Plural, tatahega. 

Tahetahe (td.het^he)y a fleshy man, with soft 
flabby muscles. 

Tahetahe, a flowing, nmning of liquid. 2. To 
have the monthly courses (catamenia) of 
: women. See under akatahe. 

Tahetahega (thhetahega), many little traces or 
signs that water has flowed in a certcbin ^ace. 

Akatahe {aka'Ukhe), to cause to flow or run* 2. 
To pour drop by drop. 8. To pursue a fugi- 
tive, or a fish. 4. To urge any one stron^y 
to reveal a hidden matter. 5. To cause a 
person or thing to pass through some narrow, 
tight, or confined place. Mate-dkatahe, a 
woman's monthly courses. Akatahetahe (aka- 
thheUxhe)t plural of akatahe. 

TAHERE (tah^e), to skin bread-fruit for the 
second time, to tender the food hnaa) softer 
and nicer. Taherehere (tah^reKtre), pluial of 
the action; tatahere (fatafegrg), plural of the 

T A H ETA H E. See under tdhe. 

TA H ETA H EGA. See under tahe, 

TAHEU (tahbi), to delicately peel a fruit. 2. 
To weed a pieoe of gtound imperfectly. Cf. 
heu. 3. To lea Vie th3 roo^s of grasses in the 
ground when weeding. Ta heu heu {tahhihtu), 
plural of the action. 

Taheuraga (taheurhga)^ the action of peeling or 
stripping delicately ; the action of weeding 

TAHI {thhi), one; the number one. Cf. imfaW, 
tetahi, kitahi ; also tai and vehi-tahi. In moon- 
days (under marama), of. tv^tai^ tutai, 

TAHI (t^hi)y to suffer, to feel sharp pains. Ta- 
tahi (tatahi)f plural of the subject. 

Tahiga itahlga)^ the circun^ stance of suffering 
anguisn or torment. 

Akatahiga (aka'tahig%)f 'o disfmise, to suppress 
the truth. 2 Equivocations ; false excuses ; 
to make excuses ; to use subterfuge. Gf . tahi- 

TAHI AH Al {tdhi-h'hhi) to suffei torments; to 
be in unbearable pain. Gf. tahi and haihai, 
Tatahiahai (tat^hi-dt hhi\ plural of the sub- 

Tahiahairaga (Uihi-h-hdi^iraga), the condition of 
being in torture. 

TAHIGA (tahiga), the sign of a place where food 
has been distributed. Plural tatahiga (tata- 
higa), 2. See under tahi. 

TAHIHI (tahlhi), to be entangled : said of lines 
and cords. 2. To be caught in a wood ; tan- 
gled in a tree, as one's hair, <fec. Tatahihi, 
plural -of the subject. 

Tahihiga (tahlhlga), an excuse, a pretext for 
withdrawal. Gf. akatahiga, under tahi. 

Tahlhiraga (tahlhirhga), the condition of being 
entangled or embarrassed. 

Tahihihihi (tahlhihlhi), to be very much entan- 
gled ; embroiled, embarrassed. 

Tahihihihiraga (tahlhihlhirhga), the condition 
of being greatly embarrassed or perplexed. 

TAHINAGARO, the name of a fish. 

TAHINOA (tahi'Tiiba), a chUd abandoned by its 
parents. Cf . tahi and noa. 

TAHOA (tahba), to make the papyrus cloth by 
beating. Tahoahoa (tahbahlni), plural of the 
action ; tatahoa, plural of the subject. 

Tahoaga (tahdaga), the action of tahoa. 

TAHORA ifah:tn'a), to make a hole from six to 
twelve mches deep in the ground as a recep- 
tacle for food (maa), Gf . hohora. 





Tahopahora (taKbraHbra)^ to make a shallow 
hole in the gronnd. Tatahora (tatah'bra)^ 
plaral of the subject (also of tahUfra). 

TAH U (tdLhu)^ a tenant farmer ; a snb-ooltivator. 

TAHU (tahu)y to keep np a fire ; to pay attention 
to a fire ; to stir up a fire. Tahutahu (tahu- 
iahu), plural of the action ; tatahu (tathhu)^ 
plural of the subject. 

Tahu^a (tahuga)^ the action of keeping up or 
pokmg up a fire. 

TAHU A {tdhua)t a lot or collection of things 
properly classified and kept in order. 

Tahuahua (tahudhua)^ well cooked and not 
burnt : said of maa. 

TAHUQA. See under tahu. 

TAHUNA (TdhUna)y the shoals or sand-banks 
behind Aukena, to the east of the islands. 

Tahunahuna (UihunahuTuiV a general term for 
shallows, shoals, sand-banks, &g, Gf. ata- 

TAHUNAPAPAPAPA (TahUna-:pb,'papapaY the 
name of a reef. 

TAHURI (tahuri)^ to turn one*s self ; to be con- 
verted, changed. Cf . huH. 2. Disguised. Cf . 
tauri. 3. To lie, deceive. Tahurihuri (tahuH' 
huri)^ plural of the action; tatahu ri (tatahuri)^ 
plund of the subject. 

Tahuriga (tahwriga)^ conversion; change of 

Akatahuri (aka-tahUri^y to excuse one's self by 
throwing the fault on another person. 

TAHUTI (ta/iuti), to dissipate, to scatter; not to 
save or to put by. 2. To destroy through 
anger. 3. To turn topsy-turvy ; to upset. 3. 
To sweep. 4. To throw about, right and 
left. Ex. : Natetai i tahuti ki te ikay The 
sea sweeps the fish along, throwing them 
right and left. Tahutihuti lUahUtihuti), plural 
of the action; tatahuti (tatahuti)^ plural of the 
Tahutiga (tahhtlga), the action of tahuti, 

Tahutihuti (tahutihuti), to be restless, dis- 

TAI (thi), the sea ; the part of the ocean that 
washes the shore. Cf. kavatai, ranutai, tai- 
ehUf vaitai, 2. The edge of the sea. 3. Salt 
water. 4. Sometimes used instead of tahi^ 
one, in composition. See days of moon (under 
marama), and cf. also matatai, ratongatai. 

TAI. Kua tai te more, A ceremony of bene- 

TAI A {th-ia)j to be vanquished in a duel. Talaia 
(talala)f plural of the action; tataia (tatala), 
plural of the subject. 2. To be undemeatn 
in a hand-to-hand struggle. 
Taiaga (taiaga), very bad ; very wicked ; good 
for nothing. 

TAI EH U, a troubled sea; broken water; a sea 
white as milk under the force of a tempest. 
Cf . tai and ehu, 

TAIGOREGORE (talgTyregryre), old; oldish; an old 
man. Old : said of trees. 

TAIHOHONU (tai/io/i^u), high tide. Ct hohonu, 
tai, taimagoa, 

TAIHOU {taihim), a new generation. Cf. hou. 2. 

TAIKITOREA (thiHtarla), a wreathing or inter- 
weaving of threads used to ornament the 
uprights of a doorway. 

TAIKOKO, a huge wave, a billow. 

TAIKURA {taikura)j a hurricane or tempest, 
when the sea is driven up over the low lands. 

TAIMAGOA, low tide. Ct taihohonu. 

TAIMEA, heart- wood, wood without sap. 2. 
Seasoned timber. 

TAINOKA, ringworm of the scalp. 2. A plant 
. without leaves. 8. A kind of yellowish fish, 
the pakoukou. 

TAIOKO, salt. 

TAIOTIKARO, the name of the beach in front of 
the priest's house in Aukena. 

TAIPARIPARl (taijpUHpiiri), the breaking of a 

TAIPIRO, waves that roll gently without break- 
ing. 2. A calm sea. 

TAI-PUA-HOU, a sea that is beginning to be 
rough, beginning to roll. 

TAIPUKU {t^ipuku)f shallows uncovered at low 

TAI RE (taire), to stretch out or lengthen a gar- 
ment. Taireire (talrelre)^ plural of the action ; 
tataire {tatdire)j plural of the subject. 

Tairega, the actipn of lengthening a garment. 

TAIRI, the name of the god of thunder and 

TAIRI, tobeat; to whip; to flog with rods or 

TA I R U A (tairua) , a brook, streamlet. 2. A ditch, 
a fosse. Cf. tai and rua. Plural, taitairua 

Akatairua (aka-tairua), to dig a hole in the 
ground for a ditch, <fec. 2. To furrow or 
groove the land here and there. Plural, 
akataitairua (aka-taitairua), 

TAIRUAVAI (thirUa-vhi), a brook; a ditch. Cf. 
taij rua, vai, tairua, 

TAITAIA {tSti-tala)j a sea which has left the 
low- water banks exposed, but which returns 
and covers them suddenly. 

TAITO (taito), ancient, antique. 2. Ancestors 
.in legendary times. 

Akataito (aka-talto), ancient ; of other days. 

Taitoito, expresses a sense less ancient than 

TAITOKO {Uiifbko)y to keep throwing stones on 
stones. 2. Said also of a breakwater on 
which short waves constantly break. Tai- 
taitoko {tiltithitliko), plural of the action; 
tataitoko, plural of the subject. 

Taitokoraga (Uiitbkorhga), the action of taitoko. 

TAIVAVA {tdivava), to leak in; to drip at the 
gutters or eaves. 

TAI V AVE {td,ivhve)f a sea with rolling waves ; a 
heavy swelling sea. 2. A big billow ; a huge 
rolling wave. Cf. tai and vave, 

TAKA (t^ka), to break: said of the anchor or 
cable. 2. To be a-trip : sud of the anchor ; 
not to hold fast. 8. To do nothing but walk 




about. Of. taJkof, takatiki, hmtaka. Taka- 
taka (thkat^tka), plural of the action ; tataka 
(UUlika), plural of the Bul^ect. 

Takaraga {Unkarhga), the action of taka. 

Takataka (tdJutthka), to he handsome, well- 
made. ^^. 

Akataka (aka-titka), to polish, to brighten ; to 
make level: said of pieces of wood, poles, 
Ac, from which knots have been removed. 

2. To fish all day or all night with the line. 
8. To throw the fishing-line here and tiiere. 
4. To raise the delicate edj^es of the pearl- 
shell. 5. To throw away from the pearl-shell 
all that is not wanted nor of value. 6. To 
have to keep one's bed for a long time through 
sickness. 7. To rough-hew a piece of timber, 
but to use one hand only in doing so. Aka- 
takataka (aka-t^kaOika), plural of Uie action 
and subject. 

TAKAHE (takhhe), to search diligently ; to en- 
deavour to procure anything. Takatakahe, 
plural of the action ; tatakahe, plural of the 

Takaheraga {takhherhga), the action of takahe, 

TAKAHI, to crush, to trample under foot. Cf. 
takaivave. 2. To mash or grind by trampling. 

3. To walk on anything. 4. To cause a fruit 
to fall from a tree by the action of one's feet. 
Takatakahi (thkat^kaki)^ plural of the action ; 
tatakahi (tathkahi), plural of the subject. 5. 
To pronounce, to articulate. 6. To repel, to 
drive back. Cf . takoMga. 

Takahi (takhM), footprints ; tracks, 

Takahiga, a crushing ; treading down. 2. The 
action of trampling, &c. 8. The first division 
of a shell. Bee takatakahiga, 4. The threshold 
of a door. 5. A footstool, or any similar 
thing put under the feet. 

TAKAHITI (tdikahiti), to palpitate ; to throb. 
Takatakahiti {Uikathkahlti), plural of the 
action ; tatakahiti (tatiikakti) plural of the 

Takahitiga {UikahlHga), palpitation. 

TAKAI {takiti), a circle ; a ring ; a hoop. To 
make a circle ; to form a ring of men. 2. To 
go round a thing, travelling in a circle. Takai - 
kai (takitikhi), plural of the action; tatakai, 
plural of the subject. 

Takairaga (takhirhga), the action of takai, 

Akatakai {aka'takhi)^ to make a oirde. 2. To 
bend, to bow. 

TAKAITI, to hop, to skip. 2. To roll one's self 
over ; to tumble. Cf . akatakarori. 3. To make 
bounds, or somersaults. Cf . iti, 

TAKAIVAVE, to crush with the feet. Cf. takahi. 
2. To give a blow with the feet ; to kick. 3. 
To hurl, to cast, to throw. 

TAKAO (takho), to speak, to hold conversation; 
to address. A speech, a discourse : Kanatu 
ki U takaoj not to pronounce words properly. 
Takaokao (takHokao), plural of the action; 
tatakao (tatak^o), plural of the subject. 

Akatakao (aka'takho)^ to cause to speak. Plural, 
akatakaoKao (aka-takiitokho). 

Takaoga,the action of speaking; conversation. 

TAKAOi ten pairs ; a score or twenty. Cf . takau. 

TAKAOIRIIRI. pleasantry; light conversation; 
to joke. Cf. taka^ and irHri. 

TAKAOKAONOA (takhokho-riba), to talk at the 
wrong time about eomethmg of little import- 
ance. Cf . tak€U) and noa, 

TAKAOPUEU, a discourse of no weight; mere 

TAKAPE, the name of a fish. 

TAKA RE {takd,pe)y to break, to break off, to snap. 
2. Not to be stable ; not firm : said of the 
blocks or supports of a house. Plural, tata- 
kape (tatakhpe), 

TAKAPEKAPE, the name of a fish. 

TAKAPU Uakhpu), to embarrass, confound. 2. 
To be shy and ashamed, as on having a badly- 
fitting garment, or one too large for the 
wearer. Takatakapu, plural of the action; 
tatakapu, plural of the subject. 

TAKAPU N A {thkapuna)f an expression used to 
denote a sea grown suddenly deep, i.^., when 
one has left shallow water and come to the 
deep portion. 2. A deep part of the sea 
having precipitous cliffs under water, and 
not shelving banks. 

rAKARA (takhra)y a small thread with which 
the bait is bound on the hook. 

TAKARA, to click the tongue ; to make a screech- 
ing or popping noise with a leaf. 

TAKARARI, an injurious epithet applied to a 

TAKARE (takhre), to be full to the brim ; to be 
too full; filled to overflowing. Takarekare 

itdkhrekhre), plural of the condition; tatakare 
tatak(ire)t plural of the subject. 

Takarega (takarlga), the action of takare, 

TAKARO, to procure, to obtain. Takarokaro 
(takHrokd,ro), plural of the action; tatakaro 
(tatakhrojy plural of ihe subject. 

TAKARO-RA, dazzling : said of the sun's light. 

TAKARORI. See akatakarori^ under aka. 

TAKARURU (takaruru)^ the name of a small fish. 

TAKATAHAQA, idle,lazy; pot-valiant; a person 
only good at eating. 

TA K ATA K A. See under taka. 

TAKATAKAHIGA (tiikamkahlga), the divisions of 
a shell considered as a whole, taken collec- 
tively. See takahiga. 

TAKATAKARURU {Uikathkariiru), the name of a 
small fi^ : the same as takaruru. 

TAKATAKATO, valleys. See next word. 

TAKATO {takd>to)y a valley, a vale. 

TAKATUA (takd,tua), to turn one's self about, to 
twist about through sharp pain. Takatakatua, 
plural of the action ; tatakatua, plural of the 

TAKAU, ten pairs; twenty; a score. Cf. takao. 

TAKAUEA, thin, meagre: only said of one kind 
of fish. 

TAKAURE, a fly, not found in dwellings. 

TAKAVAHO, savage, wild. Cf. vako. 

TAKAVAO (takavho)t to remain or wander in 
peopled spots. Cf. taka. Takatakavao (t&ka- 





takavao)t plural of the action ; tatakavao (ta- 
takavao)^ plural of the subject. 

TAKAVE (takave), slow, tardy. 2. Movmg 
slightly or gently; dawdling. 3. Minute, 
circumstantial (in relation or narrative). 
Takavekave (takavekave), plural of the action; 
tatakave (tatakhve)^ plural of the subject. 

TAKAVE, a kind of bread-fruit. See md-a-puku. 

TAKERE (taklre)^ td spoil, to waste; to ravage; 
to damage. 2. To grow corrupt ; to become 
tainted. 3. To become addicted to vice. 
Takepekere (takh-eklrejy plural of the action ; 
tatakere, plural of the subject. 

Takerega, injury, damage; the action of spoil- 
ing or laying waste. 

TAKETAKE (takethke), a basket. 2. A raft on 
which a corpse is thrust out to sea. 3. To 
weave in a circle, like a basket. 

TAKEIHUROA {take-ihu-rtfo), to report that one 
has seen or heard some remarkable matter 
or thing of importance. 

TAKI {taki)y to draw or push along a raft with 
the hands. Takitaki (td,kitaki) is plural of the 
action, and denotes longer-continued exer- 
tion; tataki (tataki)^ plural of the subject. 

Takiga (taklga)^ the action of taki, 

Takitaki (takitaki) j a line, a path. 2. To repeat, 
to carry on any sounds or words, as an echo. 
3. To speak to other people. 4. To give cur- 
rency to news or reports. 6. To pull, to 
draw, to drag along. 6. To steer a raft. 

Takitakiga (takitd,klga), the action of takitaki. 

Tataki (tataki)^ to stretch out a long cord, (fee, 
as far as possible. 

Tataki raga (tatakirhga)^ the action of tataki. 
TAKI A Kl A, bad : said of actions or intentions. 
TAKIQA. See under taki. 

TAKI N A (taklna)f to put one thing in place of 
another ; to substitute ; to change places. 
Takitakina, plural of the subject. 

Takinaraga, the action of takina. 

Takitakina (takitakina) ^ to remove things from 
their places and carry them away one after 

Takitaki naraga (takUaklnaroiga)^ the action of 

TAKITAKI. See under taki. 

TAKITAKI ROA (takitaki-rba), to draw out to a 
great length. Of. taki and roa. 

TAKITAKI-TAKAO, the same as takitaki 2, 3, 
and 4. 

TAKITU, the boundaries or limits of long, nar- 
row pieces of land. 2. The string of a bow. 
3. The ropes and cordage about a vessel. 4. 
To string a bow. 

TAKO, the noise of the foot being drawn out 
&om a bog, mud, or soft earth. 

Takoko, plural of tako. 

TAKO I (takiii)t a pointed mountain. 2. The peak 
of a pointed mountain. Gf. koi. Plural, ta- 

TAKOIKO, tattooing; to tattoo. 2. A species of 

TAKOKOA, soaked up ; sopped ; hidden. Raga- 
takokoa, wet to the skin. 

TAKOPIRI (takopiri), to be languid in one's 
actions through sickness. Takopiripiri (tako- 
piripiri), plural of the action; tatakopiri (ta- 
takoplri)f plural of the subject. 

Takopiriga, the condition of takopiri. 

TAKORO (takhro)y to be f rapped, as a yard or 
rope by line being tightly bound round and 
round it. Plural, takorokoro (takbrokbro). 

Takoroga (takbrbga)^ the action of takoro. 

TAKOTAKE, to make the circuit of an island 
without stopping anywhere. 

TAKU, the name of a tribe in Mangareva. 

TAKU (ta-ku), of me, mine ; ** Give me my share." 
Cf .* toku. 

TAKU R A, to run and skip at the same time 
with a rope. Of. tavari. 

TAMA (tama)t •♦Dear child," a term of affection 
used by parents, uncles, and aunts. 2. Son 
or daughter : ' a term applied to one's child 
at any age. Gf . teitama. 

Tamatama, a young man or young woman of 
an age between eighteen and thirty years. 

TAM AAOM UA, the eldest son. Gf. taTiia and mua. 

TAMA El ATA (tafnheiata)^ simple, innocent ; with- 
out disguise ; without malice ; thinking no 

TAMAHEREHERE (tamah^reh^re), an eldest son 
or eldest daughter, kept in the house till they 
grow plump and fair. 

T A M A H I N E (tatnahlne) , the eldest daughter. Cf . 
tama^ ahine^ mohiney veine. 

TAMAHOHO, bare, without grass, as a plain. 

TAMAHOHO-NOA, not having a single blade of 

TAMAKA, to consecrate, to set apart for a god. 

TAMAKI (taniaki)y to wait for, to hope for (but 
only in the near present, as during to-day). 
Tatamaki (tatamaki)^ plural of the subject. 

Tamakiraga (tamakiraga)^ plural of tamaki. 

TAMANU, a tree having leaves like a laurel; 
without smell, but having good timber for 
making furniture. 

Akatamanu (aka-tamanu), to put wood on the 
fire little by little. Plural, akatamanu man u 

Tamanumanu (tamanumhnu)^ to let an oven-fire 
go out and be re-kindled several times. 

TAMANU I (ta7n^nui)t phosphorescent matter in 
the sea. 

TAMAREGA, a kind of long bread-fruit, and the 
tree that bears it. 

■TAM A REG A (tamarlga), to grate. A rasp, a 
scraper. Cf . rega. 

TAMAROA {tavnarba)^ a boy. 2. A man, of any 
age. 3. Male, as opposed to female. Gf . tamay 
roa^ tamahine^ (fee. 

TAM ATA MA. See under tama. 

TAMATANINI, to wish to sleep ; drowsy. 

TAMATAU, to make fish-hooks. Gf. matau» 





TAMATEKIRIA, wicked. 2. Niggardly and quick- 
tempered at the same time. 

TAMATERIRIA, deUrions with iUneas. 

TAMAU (tamau)^ a woman's garment. A shawl. 

TAMAU (ta7nau)f to retain, to keep. To keep 
back, to restrain. Cf. mau, 

Tamaumau (tainaumd>u)y plural of tamau. 

TAMIKE (tantike)y to desire ardently; to long for 
sensually. Tamikemike (tandkemlke) is plural 
of the action, and denotes greater ardour; 
tatamike (tatamike)^ plural of the subject. 

Tamikeraga (tamU^ra^a), ardent desire ; sensuiCl 

TAM01NE, the name of a great rock at Atituiti. 

TAMOKO, a long but small potato. Plural, 
tamokomoko (tambkanCbko). 

TAMOUI (tamoui)^ to be absent; invisible. Ta- 
tamoui (tatamoui)y plural of the subject. 

TAMU [atu te vavae], to go very quickly. 

TAMURE (tamure)y the ends of pieces of wood, 
or of a loaf that ends in a point. 2. The 
truck, or highest point of a mast. 3. The 
crest of a cockatoo. 4. The end, extremity, 
tail; the summit of trees. Cf. muriy akd- 
tamuri. Plural, tamuremure (tamUrenmre). 

TANE (Thne), [As a deity, see Otane, under ma- 
rama,] A species of hideous lizard. 

TANE, a kind of bread-fruit having a smooth 
skin : it is hard to cook. 2. A black mark 
upon the skin like filth or scurf ; a spot, 
stain. Tanetane, plural of No. 2. 

TAN I HON! HO, a kind of fish, like tagutugutu, 
but smaller. 

TANINI (tanlni)f to go about ; to walk aimlessly. 
Tanininini (tanlmnini)^ plural of the action; 
tatanini (tatanlm)^ plural of the subject. 2. 
To fall down from sleepiness. 3. A fool, an 
idiot, who does not know how to behave de- 

Tanininini (tanlninlm). See above. 2. Fools; 
idiots; simpletons. 

TANOA (tanha), a stone trough or bowl. Plural, 
tanoanoa (taribanda), 

TANOKUNOKU, to be supple, flexible; to feel 
lissome when leaving the water. 2. Humid, 
damp, moist. 3. Coolness, freshness. 

TANU (t^nu), to plant, to sow. 2. To bury, to 
inhume. Tan u tan u (tanuthnu), plural of the 
action ; tatanu (tatanu), plural of the subject. 

Tanuga (tamiga), the action of interment; 

Tanuraga (tanurhga), the action of planting or 
sowing. 2. Burial. 

TAO (tao)y a lance; a spear. Cf. taoerei, tao- 
harat &c. 

TAO (tao)y to put inta an oven to cook ; to cook 
in an oven. Taotao (taotao)^ plural of the 
action; tatao (tatao)^ plural of the subject. 
Cf . taoumu. 

Taotao (taotao) ^ to cook constantly, or for a 
long time ; to keep to the fire continuously. 

TAOAKATARA ^tao-aka-tara), a lance with barbs 
along the point. C4 akatara and tao. 

TAO ERE I {taO'erei)t a lance made of coco-nut- 
palm wood. 

TAOHA, to beat topa, or native cloth. 

TAOHARA, a lance made of pandanus wood. 

TAOH I (ta:f>hi), preservation ; care, conservation. 
To preserve, to take care of ; to foster ; to 
guard. 2. To frequent. 3. To observe, notice. 
Taohiohi Uabhibhi)^ plural. of the action; tata- 
ohi (tataohi)y plural of the subject. 

Taohiga, ) ^, . , , , 

^ , . \ Observance ; watchfulness ; care. 

Taohiraga, ) 

TAOKO {t(lo-ko)y a lance made without fish-bones 
(barbs) or ornaments. 

TAOMI (tabmi)y to squeeze ; to press upon with 
the hand. 2. To sink a thing ; to fiU a thing 
with stones so that it should not swell up 
and float. Taomiomi (tCLdrrdbmi)^ plural of the 
action ; tataomi (tatddmi), plural of the sub- 

Taomiga (taomlga)^ the action of taomi, 

TAOPU (thopu)^ maa cooked and not diluted with 
water. Plural, taotaopu (t€Lotd^)pu). 

TAOPU KAO (taopukho)t lance with an iron head. 

TAORO (ta:bro)f to fly fast : said of a spear or 
stone that is cast. Taorooro (taidrdbro), plural 
of the action ; tataoro (tatdbro)y plural of the 

Taororaga (taidroraga)^ the action of taoro, 

TAOTAO. See under tdo, 

TAOTAOAMA (tdLotaoama)j the name of a piece 
of wood used to draw fish from a basket in 
the water. 2. The name of a fish. 

TAOTAOPU. Beetaopu, 

TAOTAOYERE (thotaovlre)^ smaQ red spots or 
marks showing the near approach of death 
in a sick person. 

TAOUMU (thoumu)^ to heat a native oven; to 
cook in an oven. Cf . tao^ umu, areumUf paku- 
unvUf &o, 

TAPA (thpa)f the edge of a piece of native cloth. 
2. Native cloth. 3. To give a pet name or a 
nickname. Of No. 3, tapatapa (tapatapa) is 
plural of the action ; tatapa (tatapa)^ plural 
of the subject. 

Tapatapa, that which falls oftdn. 2. A fall of 
water. 3. A dropping of the voice. 4. Variable. 

Akatapa (aA;a-t£tpa), to ask a person for food 
and water. 

TAPAKAHU, a piece of stuff, of native cloth. 
Cf . tapa and kahu. 

TAPAKAOKAO, the trunk of the human body 
from the armpit to the lower belly and 
ending behind the two sides. 2. The flanks. 
Cf . tapao, 

TAPAKAU, a kind of large native oven. 

TAPANEMAGA, a rocky and precipitous place on 
the mountain. 

TAPANI (taphni)^ to calumniate, to slander. 2. 
To daub, to smear over a thing. 3. To anoint. 
4. To flatter. Tapani pan i (topdmpctni), plural 
of the action. Cf . pant, 

Tapaniga, calumny, slander. 2. Unction, an- 




TAPAO, the side, the flank. Of. tapau and tapa- 

TAPAPA (tapapa)t not fall: said of food-pits 
when the stores of maa are not ahondant. 
Plural, tapapapapa (tapapaphpa). 

TAPARAU-MEA, to publish; to circulate trifles 
one has heard spoken. 

TAPARE, anything shed or cast away as an 

TAPARERE, having a fine edge, sharp, as a 
knife, &c. 2. The edge of a knife, &c. 3. 
Flat, as a piece of glass ; sharp, as a razor ; 
flat and sharp. 

TAPARURU (%>arMrM), trembling, shaking; to 
tremble, to quiver. 2. Not to be firm or 
steady ; easily disturbed or shaken. Tapa- 
taparuru (tapataparuru), plural of the action; 
tataparuru (tataparuru)j plural of the subject. 
Cf . ru and ruru. 

Taparururaga (taparururaga)^ trembling. The 
action of taparuru, marurUy &c. 

TAPARURUONE, tremblings of the gtound; 
earthquake. Cf . taparurUy one^ &c, 

TAPATAPA. See under tapa. 

TAPATU, the name of a fish. 

TAPAU {tapau) ^ the sides (flanks) of a man or 
nanimaJ. Cf . tapao, 

TAPEKE (tapeke), to catch h^ld of with the 
hands in falling. Tapekepeke (tapekepeke), 
plural of the action; tatapeke (tataplkej^ 
plural of the subject. Cf . pekepeke, 

Tapekega, the action, &c., of tapeke. 

TAPENA (tapena)^ a present made in honour of 
a person ; to show respect or compliment by 
making presents. Tapenapena (tapenapena)^ 
plural of the action ; tatapena, plural of the 

Tapenaraga (tap^naraga)^ the action of tapena. 

TAPE RE {tapere)j long lips, of which one droops 
and the other is drawn back to show the 
teeth. 2. A border, edge, limit. 

TAPIGAO, a net with which to catch butterflies 
or moths. Of. pigao. 

TAPiGAU, a trellis; a lattice- work. 2. Closed 
' with a grating. 

TAPIKO (taplko)y to turn aside from one's work 
or occupation. 2. To stop for something. 
Tapikopiko, plural of the action ; tatapiko, 
plural of the subject. Cf . piko. 

Tapikoga, the action of piko. 

TAPIR I (taplri), to be joined together without 
cause ; united without motive. Of. piri. 

Akatapiri {aka-tap'in)^ to go in the company of 
some one ; to unite, to consort with. Plural, 
akatapiri piri (aka-taplriplri). 

TAPIRITI (tapirtti), to shake; to shake off. 2. 
To agitate, to stir up. 3. To swing anything 
to and fro strongly in the hand. Tapiripiriti 
(taptripirlH), plural of the action. 4. To push 
back with violence, with passion. 

T a.pir\piriti (tap\rip\riti)y to draw along without 
concussion ; to drag along smoothly. 

Tapiritiraga, the action of tapiriti. 

TAPITAPI (tapitapi), empty. 2. To exhaust; to 
drain ; to spend. 3. To take away a thing 
from a house. 4. To cause all the people in 
a settlement to come or go. 

Tatapi, a baler; to throw out water with a 
baler from a canoe. 2. To throw out water 
from a hole with the two hands. 

TAPOA (tapi^a), to wipe the hands on the head, 
or upon some one else. Plural, tapoapoa 
(taphapTpa). 2. To get by frequent asking. 8. 
To put a thing to the mouth. 4. To prepare 
a bait or decoy for catching an animal. 

TAPOA, moral agreement ; harmony. 

TAPORA, an envelope, a wrapper. 2. A table 
[not modern: tapura is *' table"]; a plank; 
any flat object serving as a resting-place on 
which to put things. 3. An altar on which 
dead bodies were placed. 

Tapora (tapbra)^ to wrap up, to envelope. Ta- 
porapora (taporapora)^ plural of the action; 
tatapora (tatapidra)^ plural of the subject. 

Taporaga (tapofaga)^ the action of tapora, 

TAPOROTO (toporbto), the line between tidal low 
water and deep water in the sea. Plural, 

TAPOTU (tapibtu), to whip, to flog. 2. To beat 
out dust. 3. To strike with something 
flexible. 4. To waft ; to waver. Tapotupotu 
(tapotupbtu), plural of the action. 

TAPU {tapu)y sacred, holy. Cf. tapukehekehe^ 
vahitapu, 2. Prohibited ; forbidden. Of. kiri- 
tapu. Takao tapu, a secret word, a pass- 

Akatapu (aka-tapu)^ to make holy, to consecrate. 
2. To throw, to cast. 3. To. defend. 

TAPU (tapu), the surface of food (maa). 2. The 
extremities of trees and plants. 

TAPU A (taptia), to have sore lips ; a disease of 
the lips. 

Tapuapua (tapuapua), to have the lips diseased 
or covered with sores. Tatapua, piiral of the 

TAPU I (tapui), to soil a garment by wiping the 
hands on it. 2. To plaster, to smear, to an- 
oint. Plural, tapuipui. 

TAPUKEHEKEHE, very sacred ; extraordinarily 
holy. Cf. kehekehe. 2. Pure, virgin; chaste 
from birth to death. 

TAPUTAPU, the tail of a fish (the fin part of the 
tail). 2. An end, extremity. 3. A tail of 
hair, a pigtail of hair. 

TAPUTAPUATEA, to be very jealous over one's 
property ; to be angry if personal belongings 
are touched by other people. Syn., tarakana. 

TAR A, a spine, a thorn. Of, kurutara, titara. 
2. A horn. 3. A bird's crest. 4. A fish-bone. 
5. Crests or peaks of mountains. 6. Sprouts 
or shoots of trees. 7. A chip or shaving of 
wood. 8. To walk about, here and there. 

Taraga (taraga), a splinter, a chip of wood. 2. 
A spine, a thorn. 3. A walk, promenade. 4. 
Script, writing. 

Taratara, prickly, rough to the touch ; knotty. 
2. Piquant. 3. Discordant. Of. ohotaratara, 




Tatara, a shivering ; a cold fit ; to shiver with 
cold or fright. 2. To have the skin rough- 
ened with cold or shivering ; to have ** goose- 
flesh " on the skin. 3. To hristle ; to hristle up ; 
to have the hair on the body or limbs standing 
erect. 4. The name of a fish having bristling 

Akatara (dka-tara)^ to set in a row or rank. 2. 
To put in sequence, to cause to follow one 
after another. 3. To indent ; to jag ; to make 

Akataratara (aka-taraiara)^ to put any one into 
a passion. 2. To make knotty, rugged, harsh. 

TAR A (thra)^ the name of one kind of banana. 
2. An altar. 

TARAQAONU, a place where turtles are caught. 
Cf. onu. Syn., tarugaonu. 

TARAHOA, a branch of coral which appears 
above tne surface of the sea at low water. 
Syn., taraoa. 

TARAHUI iiarahui), to steal a prohibited thing: 
said of the first who steals. Gf . rahui. 

Tarahuiga (tarahuiga), the action of tarahui. 

TARAI (tarai)y to rough-hew; to dress timber or 
stones. 2. To carve, to execute sculpture. 3. 
To walk along the crest of a mountain. 
Taratarai (taratarai), plural of the action; 
tatarai (tatarai)^ plural of the subject. 

Taraiga (taraiga)^ the action of tarai. 

TAR A KAN A (tarakana), has the same meaning 
as taputapuatea. 

TARAKI, a species of banana. 

JARAKIHI (tarak\hi)j the name o fish that 
takes the hook Jdriti. 

TARAKOA, a spine, a thorn. Plural, tatarakoa. 

TARAKOHA (tarakbha), the name of a climbing 

TARAKOHO, the name of a prickly shrub. 

TARAKORE (tarakbre)^ to be without hindrance, 
weakness, or infirmity : only said of males. 

TARAKURA (tarakUra), a red point. 2. A cock's 

TARAMARAU {faramarau)^ the name of a rock 
in the sea. 

TARAOA, a branch of coral that appears above 
the sea at low tides. Syn., tarahoa. 

TARAPAKOUKOU, the name of a kind of sugar- 
cane: *'Like the points of the pakoukou" ; 
'said also of a species of tutnei (br^Etd-fruit). 

TARAPEREI (taraperU), a clear fire that burns 

TARARA, the name of a sea-bird of Mangareva. 
2. A harsh strident voice. 3. To weep bitterly, 
grievously. Tatarara, plural of the subject 
(of No. 3). 

TARAREIARA, a thorn or spine of the pandanus 
leaf. Cf . taraj rei, and ara. 

TARARO. to gather fruits that have fallen at the 
foot oi a tree. Cf. raro. Plural, tararoraro. 

TARAROA, the name of a fish. 2. To go beyond ; 
to go farther off ; to continue on one's way. 
Syn., tiraroa. 

TARATARA. See under tara. 

TARATARATUNA, a species of fern. 2. A kind 
of crab (crustacean), resembling the fern. 

TARATU, to stop moving. 

ARATUTU, to speak standing up, or from a 
high position. Tarataratutu, plural of the 
action ; tataratutu, plurtJ of the subject. 

TARAU {tard,u)j an order, commandment. 2. 
Essentially pure and holy : said of divine 
personages ; consecrated : said of altars, sacred 
places, &o, 2. To give an order or conmiand- 
ment as being of sacred weight and import- 
ance ; to call out, to proclaim such command. 
Plural, taraurau {taraurhu)i 

Tarauga (tarattga)^ the action of tarau. 

TARAYA, mountainous, but particularly used 
of inaccessible places. 

TARAYA I, the name of one of the four islands 
of Mangareva. 

TARE, an obstruction ; a blocking-up; impedi- 

TARE {thre)f to spit, to eject saliva; spittle. 
Taretare, plural of the action ; tatara, plural 
of the subject. 

Tarega, the action of spitting. 

TAREA, light brown; chestnut-coloured. 2. A 
person whose skin is brown. 

TAREA DMA, a large native oven for cooking 

TAREHU, to burn wood in a native oven (before 
scraping). Plural, tarehurehu. Cf. rehu. 

TARERAGI (tareragi), food (maa) that is white. 

TAR ERE (tarere)j hung up, suspended; to be 
suspended. 2. To jump at a branch to catch 
it with the hand. 3. To ape, to mimic in 
conversation. Tarererere (tarererhre)^ plural of 
the action; tatarere (tatarere), plural of the 

Tarerega, the action of tarere. 
TARERi, a big paunch ; big and fat ; gorbellied. 

TARED (tar^u)f to pass from hand to hand. 2. 
To take the air, to fly. 3. To hasten to seize 
a thing before another person can get it. 
Plural, tareureu (tar^urlu). 

TAR I (tari)y to carry, to transport : said of that 
which can be carried by one person at a time. 
Taritari {taritari)^ plural of the action ; tatari 
(tatari)y plural of the subject. 

Akatari (aka-tari)^ to lead, to conduct; to ac- 
company, to take along with. Akataritari 
(aka-taritari)f plural of the action ; akatatari 
(aka-tatari)i plural of the subject. 

Akatariga, the action of leading or conducting 
a person into a certain place. 

TARIGA, "My love," darling, dear. Cf. taritari. 
TARIHUATU, black : said of deep sea water. 

TARIRU (tarlru), to make the bow or stem of a 
ca>noe touch the land. 2. To swerve, to 

Akatariru {aka'tariru)^ to cause a canoe to devi- 
ate from its course. 

Tariruriru, a thing that does not go straight, 
but moves in a zigzag. 2. To go to the right 
or left. 




TAftlTARI, part of a woman's sexual parts 
' {labia majora). Of. tatariniho. 

Tatari (tatoLri)f the eyelids. 2. The black fringe 
on the oyster which produces pearl-shell. 

TARITARIAA, the lips of the month. Of. aha, 
the month, and taritari, 

TARITARIMATA, the eyelids. Cf. tantan and 

TARITARINIHO, the gums of the month. Cf. 
taritari, fdho, tatariniho. 

TARO, the taro plant (Caladium esculentum). 
TAROKIRARO, to dive into water. 

TARQRO, to squeeze out juice again. Plural, 

TARpTAHAGA, as closely shaved or close- 
cropped as a taro root. 

TAROVIO, a taro which gives nothing but leaves. 

TARUjthe name of a herb which increases very 
fast, swarms and spreads everywhere. 2. 
(Fig.) In great quantity. 

TARUA, to express the juice from a thing by 
twisting it in a piece of linen. 

TARUQAONU, the same as taragaonu, 

TAROPEROPE, hollow. Taroperope i te manava 
na te age: to have the bielly hollow with 

TARU0AVAIK4 (tarU'O-Avaiki)^ a mushroom. 

TARUPE (tarupe), a big belly; bloated. 2. 
Swollen ; large : said of the feet of women. 

TATA (tata), close ; near by. Cf. tutata, 

TATA. See under ta, 

TATAATEA, the time of year answering to the 
month of November. 

TATAE. See under toe. 

TATA HI, a large net for catching big fish. 

TATA HO A. See under tahoa. 

TATAI, a man of middle age ; elderly. 2. To 
wrap up ; to envelope. 2. To catch in ; to 

~ hang on ; to twist in ; to wind round ; to 

TATAIAHIRI, a large bundle of sticks for fuel; 
a large faggot. 

TATA I R U R E, the wrist ; the arm from the elbow- 
joint to the hand. 

TATA K A H I . See under takahi. 

TATAKAROIHAU, the name of a species of cray- 
fish. 2. The name of a fish. 

TATAKE (tathke), to attempt ; to tempt ; to so- 
licit ; to intreat. 2. To struggle, body to body ; 
to wrestle. 3. To try for ; to make an effort 
to gain ; to strain, to strive. 4. To quarrel. 

Tatakega, temptation. 2. Handling or holding 
a person ; a wrestling bout. 8. A quarrel. 

TATA K I. See under taki, 

TATAKIRAGA. See under taM. 

TATA KOTO, the end, extremity; the crest of a 
- bird ; the highest tip of a tree or shrub. Syn. 
tamure. 2. A cross bar for stretching out 
the sjEiil.from the mast. 

TATA M AGO, the name of a grass. - - 


TATA M OHO, the berry of tbe gatae (a thorny 

tree). J 

TATA M OKA, the name of a grass. ^ I 

TATAO, the last of the first-fruits of the bread- 
fruit tree, meiapuku. 

TATA PA. See under tapa. 

TATARI. See under tapitapi. 

TATAPUTARA, the name of a locality in Manga- 

TATAR A. See under taro, 

TATARAVERA, a kind of volcanic stone adapted 
for cutting into shape. 

TATARI. See under taritari, * 

TATARINIHO, the gums of the mouth. Cf. tori' 
tari, mho, taritarimho, 

TATARIORO, the black part of the flesh of the 
pearl-oyster, thrown away as worthless. 

TATAR I M ATA, the eyelid. Cf. taritari, mata, 

TATARITATARI,to wait a long time for any one. 

TATARUA, to call a person by two names at the 
same time. Cf . rua, 

TATATA. See under ta, 

TATATA-MARAMA-NOA, to work through the 
whole night. Gf. tatata, marama, noa, and 

TATATA-MOE«to sleep for a long time. Cf. tatata 
and moe, 

TATATA-POHURI-NOA, to work all night until 

TATATATA. See under ta, 

TATATOU, Ours ! That is for us I 

TATAU. See under tau. 

TATEA (tatha), to distribute food to children. 

Tateaga, a distribution of food to children. 

TATETA (tatata), to be badly dressed; ill-clothed. 
2. To bold or take a thing in such a way that 
it is likely to fall. 

TATIAU (tatihu), to be ugly, ill-made. 

TATIEITI (tatiUti), to be covered with sores or 

TATIPUHI, an injurious expression : E tini tati- 
pxihi ! You villain I 

TATIU, a circle ; a round figure. 

TAT ID {tatlu), to go to different places. Tatlu- 
tiu (tatlutlu), plural of the action; tatatiu 
(tatatiu), plural of the subject. 

Tatiuga, the action of tatiu, 

TATOKO, dissension ; dispute ; to dispute with- 
out quarrel or hatred. 2. To come to an 
explanation. Phiral, tatokotoko (tatbkotbko), 

Tatokoga, the action of tatoko, 

TATOU, we ; us, including the person spoken to. 

TATU, an ailment or malady that has afflicted 
a person for two or three years. 

TATUA {tatua), a girdle ; a waist-cloth ; to put 
a girdle or cincture round the loins. Plural, 
tatuatua (tatUataa), 

TATUAEA, the name of a fern, 2. The name of 
a shrub.* . - ^ 




TATUTATU, the tail of a fish. 2. A taU of hair, 
a pigtail. 3. The extremity ; tip ; end. 

TAU (tfttt), a year. 2. The time of the season 
of tread-fruit. 8. Clean, neat, tidy ; suitable, 
fit, proper. Of. matau^ tetau. 4. To arrive by 
sea or by water. Cf. tetau. 6. To carry on 
the back. 6. To be carried on a person's 
back. Cf . tauake. 7. To mount on a person's 
back. 8. To land : said of a canoe touching 
shore. Tautau (tautau)^ plural of the action ; 
tatau (tatd,u)f plural of the subject. 

Tauga (thuga), the action of taw ; arrived; 2. 
A pair, a brace ; a double count. 3. A score 
(double ten). 

Tatau, arrived: said of many persons. Of. 

Tatau (tatau), to be counted, reckoned, num- 

Akatau {akathu), to run after ; to go after, to 
follow ; to pursue. 2. To put a thing up on 
a high place. 3. To assault ; to attack. 4. To 
accompany; to sing with. Akatautau (aka- 
td>utau), plural of the action and subject of 

Akatautau {aka-tautau)y to assault; to attack. 

Tauraga, a station, a position taken up in the 
sea for fishing purposes. 2. Said of parents 
V and grandparents to the fourth degree. 

TAU A, we two ; you and I. 

TAUAKE, Mount ! G^t up on my back ! Cf. tau 
(6) and ake. 

TAUAREI (tHii^rH), to grumble at; to blame 
severely. Plural, tatauarei. 

TAUATIKI (tauattki), a garment ; a shirt. 

TAUGA. See under tau. 

TAUIRI-OPIOPI, a game played in the water: 
the bathers take hands and form in circles. 
Cf . tauviri. 

TAUKAKEA (taukakia), arriving in numbers: 
said of fish at low tide. 

TAUMIRI (taumtri), to follow any one. 2. To 
form part of a train or retinue. Taumirimiri 

!taurnirimlri)j plural of the action ; tatau mi ri 
tataumlri), plural of the subject. 

Taumiriraga, the action of following, <feo. 

TAU NEK A (tawritka), to tie up a bundle well and 
strongly. Tautau neka (tautauneka), plural of 
the action ; tatauneka {tataun^ka)^ plural of 
the subject. 

TAUPE (taupe), to bow, to bend into a bow. 2. 
To bend : said of branches. Taupeupe (ta- 
Upeiipe), plural of the action ; tatau pe {tata- 
upe)y plural of the subject. 

Akatau peupe (aka-taupeupe), to balance one's 
self ; to waver ; to be in suspense. 

TAURA, the priest of an idol. 

TA U R A ETU A, the priest of an idol ; a sub-priest ; 
one not having complete powers. Cf . taura 
and etua. 

TAURI (tauri), to tie; to bind together. Tau- 
tauri, plural of the action ; tatauri, plural of 
the subject. 

TAURI, to be changed, altered; disguised. Cf. 
tahuri. 2. To lie, to tell untruths. 

Akatauri (aka-tauH), to counterfeit, to imitate^ 
2. To change. 8. To dissemble one's charac- 

Tauriuri, to be changed, disguised. 2. To lie, 
to tell falsehoods. 

TAURU, the tops of trees or mountains. 2. The 
top row or coping of a wall. 8. The last stroke 
at a piece of work. 4. The royal-yard of a 

Tauru {taurt^, to level the top of a wall ; to 
finish off . Plural, tauru uru (touruiirtf).' 2. A 
row of stones ; a layer of stones. 

TAUTAMA, one who makes his appearance; a 
new comer. 

TAUTARA, a border, a boundary ; exterior 
boundaries. Tautarahiu, the tip of the nose. 

TAUTARA-PAEPAE, the edge of a pavement. 

TAUTAU. See under tau. 

TAUTAU AT IK I, clothes; long garments ; a gar- 
ment reaching down to thex^alves of the legs. 

TAUTAU HOA, a companion, a mate. Cf. tau 
and hoa. 2. To ally one's self. 

TAUTUKERAE, dear, cherished, darling. 

TAUVIRI (tauviri), to hold by the hands, form- 
ing a circle or chain. Cf. tauiri-opiopi. Tau- 
viriviri (tauvlriviri), plural of the action ; 
tatau viri, plural of the subject. 

Tauviriga (tauvlriga), the action of tauviri. 

TAVA, a species of shell-fish. 

TAVA (thva), a sort of incrustation of soft sub- 
stance found .sticking to stones when un- 
covered at low water. 2. Logs; large dead 
branches found at tlie foot of trees. 

TAYAKA (tavhka), to hide food away among 
bushes. 2. A raft that bears a burning torch 
at night. 

TAYAKE (tavake), a sea-bird that has a long red- 
and-white tail. 

|VrAYAKEE, the name of a shell- fish. 

TAYAKOUHUA (tavak&ukua), to have every kind 
of vice. Tatavakouhua, plural of the subject. 

TAYARA (tavhra), to be famished, starving. 2. 
Greedy; eager; desirous. Tavaravara (ta- 
vhravara), plural of the action ; tatavara (ta- 
tavara), plural of the subject. 

TAVA R A (tavara^, to be wide, spacious, roomy. 
2. Not to be tight or wrung together : said of 
ropes or cordage. Plural, tavaravara (thvara- 
vhra). 3. Not to join in a game. 

Tavaraga (t^vhraga), the action of tavara, 

TAYARI (td>vhri), to run and skip with a rope at 
the same time ; the game of skipping-rope. 
Cf . takura. 2. An uninterrupted walk. 

Tavariraga (td,vhrirhga), the action of tavari. 

Tavarivari (tUvarivari), a long train or proces- 
sion of people on the march. 

TAVARIVARI, tall and slender ; flexible: said of 
trees. 2. A man of tall stature who wavers 
or swings in his gait. 

TAVARO (tavhro), soft ground that is hollow or 
rotten and full of holes. 

TAVATAYA, a fire that burns fiercely. 2. To go 
swiftly ; to run swiftly. 




Tavatava {thvathva), damorons and noisy in 
spei^king ; to speaK shrilly or in a lond Toice. 

TAYATAVA-AKARIRI, to be vigoroos : said of a 
whole plantation of trees, or of a fire burning 
wcdl all over. 

TAYAVA, liberal, generous; one who loves to 

TAYEKA (tavlka), to mix a small portion of 
food {maa) with a larger quantity. Plural, 
tavekaveka {tav^kav^ka). 

Tavekaraga, the action of taveka. 

TAVEKE (tavhkejf to take something you ask for 
without waitmg for an answer. Tavekeveke 

* (tavlkev^ke), plural of the action; tataveke 
{tatavlke)y plural of the subject. 

TAVEKEAKAPUA, to take or try to take a thing 
that is near you but not your own. 

Tavekeraga {tav^kerhga), the action of taveke. 

TAYEREHAU, to grow, to spring up: said of 
plants, fruits, <fec. 

TAYIRI, a key ; to shut with a lock. 2. To tow, 
to drag. 3. To coil, to twist : said of climb- 
ing plants. Of. viri, Taviriviri {tavlriviri)^ 
plural of the action ; tataviri (tatavln)^ plural 
of the subject. 

Taviriraga (tavirirhga), the action of taviri, 

TE (tHjt No, not ; without. Gf. tepunu, teogia, 

TE (U), the article " the," singular and plural. 

TEA (tla), white ; blanched, pale. Cf. rotea, pu- 
4eat ohotea, motetea, mahinatea^ akapakutea, 
moteakay tuteatea-ki-rugat urutec^ 2. Matt, 
unpolished, dead, dull. 8. One who finds 
himself foiled, baffled. 

Tetea, plural of tea* 

Teatea (Utal^aV diminutlye of Wii slightly 
white, whitisn. 2. Heavy rain. 

Akatea (aka'ita)^ to make a person blush or 
redden with shame. 2. To tease or make fun 
of any one. 

Akateatea {aka-tlatla)^ pride, vanity; ostenta- 
tion ; to DC puffed up, ostentatious ; to be 

TEAHUAOQE (TeahucCbge), the name of a reef at 

TEARAVERE (Tearavhre)^ the name of a reef. 

TEATEA. See under tea. 

TEAUORUA (r«audrua), the name of a reef. 

TEAUOTU (Teaudttt), the name of a reef. 

TEQA (%a), a belly distended with much food. 

Akategatega (aka-ttgattgaV to fasten or confine 
under one's mat or cloaK. 

TEHAQAHAQA, idle, lazy, sluggish. 

TEHE (t^he), circumcision; to circumcise. 2. 
To castrate. 3. To cut well : said of a knife. 
4. To sting deeply. Plural tetehe i^tlhe), 

Tehega (t^^pa), the action of tehe. 

TEHIRITARA (TeiaHtb^ra), the nameof asmaU 

TEHU ifthu), to run after a person, or towards 
a person, for the sake of obtaining something. 
Tehutehu (thhutlhu)^ plural of the action; td- 
tehu (tetd^u), plural of the subject. 

Tehuga (tthfiiga)^ the action of tehu* 

TEHUATEHUA, entirely planted or sown : said 
of a field, &Q, 

TEI (edt), to go away, to leave a place : Tei tute a 
matagl, to leave swiftly, as the wind. Teitei 
(tHtH), plural of the action ; tetei (tet^i), plural 
of the subject. 

Akatei (aka-tH), to chase ; to drive off ; to ex- 
pel ; to exile. 

TEiMAHA (teim^ha)y to be heavy. 2. Fatiguing, 
painful, wearying. Teimahamaha (teimUha' 
maha)j plural of the action ; tetei maha {tetei- 
mhha), plural of the subject. 

Akatei maha (aka-teimaha)^ to make heavy. 2. 
To press down, to throw weight on. 3. To 
be in charge, to have charge of. 

TEINA (t^na), younger sister or brother. It is 
used by a woman or girl speaking of her 
younger sister or younger female cousin, 
and by a man or boy speiudng of his younger 
brother or younger male cousin, both to the 
sixth degree of relationship. Whether the 
cousin is older or younger than the speaker 
is decided by the fact whether the cousin 
is descended from an uncle or aunt who was 
older or yonnger tjia n the parent tb rnnph 
relationshi^ jfljjbumea. An exceptibu 
IS made'when a woman speaking of her sister- 
in-law, or a man speaking of his brother-in- 
law, instead of using the word tokete^msky call 
them tuakana or tetna, as if they were blood- 
relations either older or younger in years 
than the speaker The remarks concerning 
teina, a woman's younger sister or man's 
younger brother, apply equally to tuakana, 
a woman's elder sister or a man's elder 

TEINA E I A term of affection applied by an 
old man to his grandson. 

TEI PC E 1 A term of affection used at funerals 
by a husband or wife mourning the loss of a 

TEITAMA, adolescent; grown up. 2. To take 
care of the house. 3. To be lazy ; idle. 

Akateitama (aka-teithma)^ to live at home; to 
keep the house and not go out, so as to pre- 
serve the complexion from sun-burn. 2. To 
Uve without work ; to Uve in luxury. 

TEITEI («tt^i), high, lofty. Of. UMteM. 2. 
Sublime ; elevated. 3. Precipitous. Cf . pu- 

Akateitel {aka-tHt^, to elevate, to raise. 2. To 
honour. 3. To fear. 

TEITI (t^tt), child, infant : said of both isexes. 
2. The youngest child of a family. Cf . itL 

Teititi {teltUi), a newly-born infant. 

TEITI, the pupil of the eye. Cf . teiH. 

TEITO (U^to)j perfectly, entirely. 2. Formerly. 

TElTOi ancient, antique ; of old, of other days. 

Teitoteito (teito-teito), very ancient ; extremely 
antique; archaic. 

lE.KkJtika)y a support, a prop, a stay. 2. A 
scafrold. 3. To put a support under a thing 
so as to raise it and prevent it touching the 
ground ; to put up a scaffolding. 4. To pro- 
pose; to tender. 6. To carry. 6. To declare; 




to proolaim; to make known : Teka te keUj lo 
proclaim war. 7. To intend ; to plan : Teka 
patnga, to plan an assanlt. Tekateka (teka- 
teka), plural of the action; teteka (teteka), 
plural of the sabject. 

Tekateka {t^katika)^ a support, prop; anything 
put under an object to keep it up. 2. A scaf- 

TEKAU, a general name for the small islets of 
the archipelago. 

TEKAVA, the name of a low islet between Au- 
kena and Akamaru. 

TEKEOj a sickness causing pains in all the limbs 
and joints : it is provoked by eating certain 
fish. 2. Drunk, intoxicated. 

TEKEMO, very soon ; presently^ directly ; before 

TEKERE {tek^e)t the keel of a canoe. 

TEKERETUAMATORU (tek^e-tua-mati>ru), the 
thickness or depth of the heaven and earth 
according to native ideas. 

TEKI, silence ; to be silent ; not to answer. 

Tekiga {teklga)^ the action of teki. 

TEKITEKI (tmuki), to fall head over heels. 2. 
To raise one's self by one extremity at a 
time because one has fallen in a slippery 

TEKITEKI (teHt^H), a raised place. Gf. teiui. 
2. A seat, a chair. 3. Noko a tekitekii to sit 
crouched up ; cowering. 

Tekitekiga, an elevation. 

TEKO, gross, dirt^ : said of the teeth. Cf . teko- 
niko and tekomo. 

Tekoteko, dirty, filthy ; covered with filth and 
sweat. Cf . matekoteko, 

TEKONIKO, white stuff, dirt, collected on the 
gums of the teeth. 

TEKONIOi dirt on the teeth. Cf. teko, rdho, teko- 

TEMOTUTEMOTU, without interruption; not 
interfered with. 

TENOKO (Tendko)t the name of certain reefs. 

TENOR E, small, diminutive. Cf. nore, 

TEN U I, much, many ; great, large. 

TEOQIA, fishing, but not catching any fish. 2. 
A sudden death. 3, One who has not been 
' kissed. Cf. te ("not") and ogi, 

TEPAPURI, thename of an islet in the group 
(to the northward). 

TEPAU, gum; exudation from trees; tar; resin. 
To daub with resin ; to tar. 

TEPEI RU, a queen. 2. A princess. S. A young 

TEPEKA, <* It is finished " : said of the last fish 
that assemble at low tides to deposit their 

TEPERE (teptre), the greatest, the higheert ; 

TEPUNU, to pierce, to enter. Cf. U (**not ") and 


TERA, that ; that particular thing. 
Tcratera, that ; such a thing. 

TERE (tire), to be fat; swollen up ; .enlarged. 

2. To go well, to sail well : said of a canoe. 

3. To steer. Teretere (Uretlre), plural of the 
action ; tetere (telere)^ plural of the subject. 
Cf. tutere, 

RTeretere, a knife, or anything that cuts well. 

Akatere (aka-tere), to tack about, as a ship. 
Plural, akateretere {aka-t^retlre). 

Akatere {aka-tire)y to steer a vessel or canoe. 
2. To change localities, to go from one house 
to another with one's goods. 3. To come 
from one place to another : said of the rain. 

4. To make water cover a large surface of the 
soil 5. To divulge, to blab abroad ; to spread 
a report. 6. To cause fruit to ripen. 7. T<^ 
elate, to excite ; to be in earnest ; intent 
upon. Plural, akateretere (aka-t^rethre), 

TERIGA (teflga), the ear. 

TERIGA-AKAAKA, a large ear that herrs every- 

TERIGA-KAVAKAVA-RUA (ter^a-kavakava-rua), 
to be in the habit of pouting and looking 
sulky continually. 

TERIGA-OROORO, to bo obedient; to obey; to 
execute orders. 

TERIQA-POKEHE, to be deaf to commands, dis- 
obedient, &o, 

TERIKIOTEYERI, a marine insect. 2. A sheU- 
fish having a red interior. 

TERO (tlro)j to have mouldy spots. Cf. Uro (2) 
and tiotio. Plural, terotero. 

Tero, well marked, handsome. 2. Tattookig 
well marked on the skin. 3. Deteriorated, 

Terotero, the worse for wear: said of l-'nen, 
cloth, &o. 2. Pricked, marked (said of the 
face only). Cf. tirotiro and tiotio. 

TERUAKEIKA (Terhakelka); the name of a 
mountain footpath from Rikitea to Kirimiro. 

T ETA EGA, a passage through which vessels can 


TETAHATA, one of the temporary halting-places 
of the soul after death, before it goes to its 
fixed abode. 

TETAHI, other; another. 2. Also, likewise. S. 
Some ; a few. Ct. tahi. 

TETAU (tetau), to be inconvenient ; unwelcome. 
2. To DO improper ; indecent. 3. Undignified. 
4. Not to be able lo agree with a person. 5. 
Not to have arrived. Cf. te ("not") and tern; 
also matau. 

Tetauraga, the action of tetau, 

TETE {tite)t to beat the drum with the fingers. 
2. To strike with the back of the hand or 
with the hand (any way) on a door as a sig- 
nal for it to be opened. 3. To be afraid. 4. 
To tremble with fear or shiver with cold. 
Tetete {teUte)j plural of the subject (of Nos. 
ft and 4). E ma/nava tete, a coward, * pol- 

Tetetete, to shiver with cold. 

TETEA. See under tea. 

TETURI (teturi), wax in the ears. Cf. tuH, 

TEU, the top or upper part of maa (prepared 




T£yAI-ATU-EI, to go qmiokly to look for. Ex. : 
Tevai atu koe ei takaOj Go quickly and search 
for the thing spoken of. 

TEVATEYA (tevat^va)^ swellings, projections on 
the body. 2. A sickness that affects the skin 
with many pimples or swellings. 

tEYE {thve)t the name of a bulbous plant having 
poisonous qualities. 

Tl, a tree (Cordyline), the root of which yields 
a sweetish juice. Ti teito, an old man, a very 
old man. 

TIA, to pierce, to stick in. Cf. tiH. 2. To fasten 
with a wooden pin or a nail. 

Tia {t\a)f to drive a piece of wood into the 
ground. 2. To propose one's self or offer 
one's self. 3. To take a resolution ; to intend. 
Tiatia (tlatta), plural of the action; titia 
(titta), plural of the subject. 4. A foot- 
covering ; a sandal, a shoe. Cf . tiavavae, 

Tiaga ftift^a), intention; will; design, resolu- 
tion. The end in view. 

Tiaga, to propose to one's self ; to design ; to 
come to a resolution. Tiatiaga (tlatlaga)^ 
plural of the action; titiaga, plural of the 

Akatia {aka-tla)^ to destine ; to allot To de- 
vote, to set apart for another person. Plural, 
akatiatia (aka-tiatla). 2. To betroth, to affi- 

Tiatia, to prick; to stick in a thing with a 
point. 2. The heel ; to tread on the heels of 
a person in front of you. 

TIAGA KOBE, involuntary. Cf. tiaga (under tia) 
and kore, 

TIAKAI (tiakhi)j a garden ; a plantation of herbs 
or small vegetables. 

TIAKI (tiStki), to guard, to take care of ; to pre- 
serve. 2. To watch over, to foster; to in- 
spect; to look after the health of another. 
Titiaki (titiaki)^ plural of the subject. 

TiAKORO, to demand, to ask for, to request. 

TIAKU, the name of a sea-bird. 

TIA MA, the name of a fish. 

TIAMA (tiama), to hope for, to long for the arri- 
val of a certain person. Tiamama (tiamama), 
plural of the action ; titiama (titiama), plural 
of the subject. 2. To wait for, to stay for. 

TIARAHA, the name of a flying insect. 

TIARAKAU («tarafeaw),a forest,awood; a clump 
of trees, a grove. 2. A plantation or nursery 
of young trees. 

TIARUA, the name of a bird having red and 
black markings on the back. 

TIAHA. See under tia. 

TIATI AKAI {tlatlakai)t food {maa) for present use 
and not to be put away in the ground. 

TIATIAOKO (tlafia'bko)^ continually at work; 
always industrious. 

TIATOQA {tiafbga)^ a thing, an object. 2. Pos- 
sessions; riches. 3. The testicles. 4. To 

TIAVAVAE Ulavavhe), a foot-covering, a shoe. 
Cf . tia and vavae, 

T1AVER0AI {tiavero^i), to be naked, bare. 

TIEKI, to take from one side to the other. 

TIEMI (tihni)y to tremble with fear or shame. 
2. To feel sudden movements in the muscles 
(cramp) or in the limbs through weakness. 
Tiaemiemi (tidemt^mi) denotes stronger and 
more repeated action. Titiemi, plural of tiemi 
in simpler form. 

TIHA, to bend, to bow ; to be bowed. Tihatiha, 
plural of the action; titilia, plural of the 

TIH ATA (tihata)^ a wooden arch of a native 
steam oven of stones. Plural, tihatahata (ti- 

TIHAUEA (tihauhi), to be very thin; lean; 
meagre. Titihauea (titiMii^a), plural of the 

Tihauearaga (tihaiL^rhga)^ the circumstance, 
&c., of being lean. ^ . 

TIME (tihe), to sneeze. Tihetihe {tlketlhe), plural 
of the action ; titihe, plural of the subject. 

Tiheraga, the action of snee^ng. 

TIHEKI (tihlki), to be lame, to hobble ; particu- 
larly when having to walk on tip- toe. Tiheki- 
heki {tihekihtki), plural of the action ; titiheki 
(titiheki), plural of the subject. 

Tihekiraga (tihekiraga), the action of tiheki. 

Akatiheki (aka-tiheki), to raise one end of a 
thing as a counterpoise. 

TIH I, a slice, a chop, a collop. Tiki mei, a slice 
of bread-fruit. 2. To cut into two parts, to 
divide in halves. Cf . tipi. 

Tihi (tthi)y to cut bread-fruit at a stroke; to 
slice. 2. To dash in front, to be first to charge 
the enemy. 3. To strike against another ; to 
come into collision. 4. To go very quickly. 
5. To halve, to divide into two parts. Tihi- 
tihi (tthitlhi), plural of the action; titihi 
(titihi), plural of the subject. 

Tihiraga (tlhirhga), the action of tihi. 

TIHO (tiho)j to look; to stare; to eye. 2. To 
examine, to regard attentively the position 
or attitude of a person or thing. Cf . matiho- 
tiho. Tihotiho (tihonho)^ plural of the action ; 
tit! ho (titiho), plural of the subject. 

Tihoga (tihbga)f the action of tiho. 

TIHOU (tihhu)y to take food {maa) from the mid-, 
die of the hole, thus making a hollow. Cf. 
hou. Tihouhou, plural of the action ; titihou 
(titiKbu), plural of the subject. 

Tihouga (tihbug'a)^ the action of tikou. 

Tihouhou {tihduhbu)j to bite hard: said of lice, 
mosquitos, &c. 

Tl I, the name of a fish. 

TIKA (tika), to be true, right, just. 2. To be in 
a straight line. Titika (fitlka), plural of the 

Akatlka (aka-tlka), to defend one's self when 
accused ; to justify. 2. To accomplish, to 
execute. 3. To exercise ; to practise. 4. To 
make right ; to rectify, to perfect. 6. To 
prove, to show ; to make good ; to substanti- 
ate. 6. To ask permission. 7. To permit, 
to allow. 8. To re-erect, to set up again. 9. 
To erect, to raise, to set up. 10. To establish. 
11. To answer properly ; to say a thing well. 




Akatikatika {aka-dkatlka), plural of the action ; 
akatitika {aka-titlka), plural of the subject. 

Tikaga {tikhga)^ right, equity, justice. 2. A 
permission ; a right allowed. 8. Authority. 
Aotikaga, the Supreme Power. 

Akatikaga {aka-tikaga)^ permission, leave. 2. 
Bectification ; putting right ; amendment. 
3. An order, a command. 4. A demand. * 5. 
An answer, response. 

Tikatika {tlkatlka)^ to be very true. 

TIKARAHU {Hkarhhu), the name of a fish. 

TIKARARA,| . , , , , ,, 


TIKARO {tikhro)f to seize, to catch hold of. 2. 
To hold fast to that seized. Plural, tikaro- 

Tjkaroga, the action of tikaro. 

TIKATAKAO, VerUy I True mdeed 1 

TIKAUATO (tika-tia-to), to be right in all ways ; 
entirely correct. 

TIKE I (tik^i)y to appear, to become visible. Tl- 
keikei (tileHkH)^ plural of the action ; titikei 
{Hti1^)t plural of the subject. 

Tikeiraga (tikUraga), appearance; the action 
of tikei. 

TIKERE (tik^re), to leap to catch anything; to 
jump to try and reach a thing. 2. To boil 
up ; to boil over. 

Tlkerekere (tik^rekh-e)^ to gush, to jet ; to spirt 
as water. 

Akatikere (aka'tikere)^ to cause to boil ; to cause 
to spirt or gush. 

TIKETIKE, high up ; raised. 2. The height of a 
place. 3. A small hill. 

Tiketikega, a height ; the part of a height just 
below the summit. 

Akatiketikega (aka-tiketikega)^ a hillock. 2. A 
. support, prop, rest. 

TIKI (tlki)^ a statue; a carved figure. 

TIKI (tiki), to go in search of ; to go to fetch a 
thing. Tikitiki, plural of the action ; titiki, 
plural of the subject. 

Tikiga, the action of tiki. 

Tikitiki (tlkitlki)^ to go in search of. 

TIKI-IHA, How many? 

TIKI-KE-TIKI-KE, to go and look for several 
things successively. 2. To jump from one 
subject to another in conversation. 

TIKITAI, each one. One of each. Cf. tahi. 

TIKO (tlko), to have the monthly courses (cata- 
menia) of women. 2. The courses or menses. 
TItiko (titiko), plural of the subject. Cf. tiko- 
toto. 3. To go to stool; to evacuate the 
bowels. Cf. tikotutae. 

TIKOEi blackfellows; negroes. 

TIKOGA, the flesh near the backbone of fishes. 

TIKONI, a club-foot; a crippled foot. Cf. tiko- 

TIKOREKORE, the name of a fish. 

TIKORORI, to be lame, halt. Cf. tikmi. 

TIKORORI-TIKORORA, lame in both feet. 

TIKOTOTO, the menses of women. Cf. Hho and 

TIKOTUTAE, to go to stool, to evacuate the 
bowels. Cf . tiko and tut<ie, 

TIMO (tlmo), to whistle; to make a noise with 
the lips to attract attention or call a person. 
2. To make advances, to propitiate. Time- 
time (Hmot^TooV plural of the action ; titimo 
(Ht\mo)t plural of the subject. 

TINAE, the belly. Syn. kopu, 

TINAI (ttneti), to strike, to beat, to give blows. 
Tinatinai (tinattTiai), plural of the action; 
titinai (titi'nht)^ plural of the subject. 

TINAI-MOE-ROA, to kill a person by beating. 
2. To kill. 

TINANA (tinana)^ a name given to tender and 
loving parents. 2. Parents generally. 

TIN I, a countless number ; infinite. 2. In great 
quantity. Cf . matirU^ touamatini^ putini, tipau- 

TINO {t\no)y the body, trunk. 2. See tinoriria. 
Cf. toratino. Tino dhu ake ana, a youth'; 

Akatino (aka-tlTw), to remark, to observe. 2. 
To inspect, to examine. 3. To form a body. 
Plural, akatinotino (aka-tinotino). 

Akatinotino (aka-tinot\no), to examine; observe. 
2. To have evil eyes. 

TINORIRIA (txno-riria), a decent word used when 
the sexual parts have to be referred to — 
sometimes lino only has this meaning. 

ItIO, a kind of shell-fish found adhering to coral : 
it is very dangerous on account of the wounds 
it inflicts. Plural, tiotio. Cf. manava-tio» 

Tiotio, bread-fruit spoilt because full of black 
spines or thorns. Cf . terotero, tirotxro, 

Tiotio (t\ot\o), to be pricked or marked on the 
face. 2. To be pitted with the small-pox. 
Cf. terotero^tirotiro. 

Akatiotio (aka-tlotto), to try frequently but 
ineffectually. 2. To allow fruit to spoil by 
getting too ripe. 3. To entangle the conver- 
sation, to lead astray in a discourse. 

Akatitio (aka-titio), to assimilate. 2. To com- 

Akatitloga (aka-titioga), comparison, likeness. 

TIOKOKOE, a sore in the flesh resembling the 
tio shell. 2. Small warts. 

TIORA, distraction ; abstraction ; wandering of 
the mind. 

Tiora (tidra), to be distracted ; heedless of the 
subject ; inattentive when at prayer and 
thinking of other things. Tioraora (tidrai^a), 
plural of the action ; titiora (titibra), plural of 
the subject. 

Tioraraga (tidraraga), the action of tiora. 2. To 
be shifting : said of the wind. 

TIOTIO. See under tio. 

Tl PA, to extract a stone that is set or enclosed 
in another. To lessen the size of a stone or 
rock; to excavate. Tipatipa, plural of the 
action ; titipa, plural of the subject. 

\ Tipatipa, to give blows with axes. 2. To hew 
J or trim stones in a quarry. 





TIPAL See akatipae. 

TIRANA, to present one's self, but silently. 2. 
To dry kopiro. 3. To go and come, in order to 
find something or other. Cf . Hpapa, 

TIPANA-MATAOKO, one who stubbornly persists 
in remaining. 

TIPAPA, to go and come, in the effort to find a 
thing. Gf . tipana (3). 2. To dry ; to make dry. 

TIPAPA (tiphpa), cloth made from the inferior 
branches of the bread-fruit tree. 

TIPAU (tiphu)t to calculate; to count. Tipaupau, 
plural of the action; titipau, plural of the 

Tipauga (HpdiUga)^ calculation ; account. 

Tipauraga (Hp^urhga)^ the act of counting, &g. 

Tl PA UTI N I, to count over many times. Gf . tipau 
and tini. 

TIPEKE, to finish, to terminate. Tipekepeke 
(tip^kep^he), plural of the action ; titipeke (ti- 
tip^ke), plural of the subject. 

Tipekega (tipekega)^ the end, termination. 

Akatipeke (aka-tipeke), to finish; to end; to 

TIPETI (ttpdti), to have the clothes turned back 
or tucked up. Tipetipeti, plural of the action; 
titipeti, plural of the subject. 

TIPI, a knife. To cut, to divide. Tipitipi, plural 
of the action; titipi, plural of the subject. Cf. 

Tipiga, the action of tipi, 

Tipitipi, to cut to pieces. 2. To cut up wood. 

TIPI-RA, food of an unusual kind, used to eco- 
nomize ordinary food (maa), 

TIPORO (tipl&ro)^ to call any one from a distance. 
Tiporoporo (tip!&ropbro)f plural of the action ; 
titiporo (titipbro)t plural of the subject. Gf. 

TIPOTI {tipbti)t a species of crab (crustacean). 
2. A small trough. Cf . poti. 


TIPUTAHI, an only son. Gf. tahi. 2. To be 
alone ; by one's self. 

TIRA, a mast. 2. Bold, hardy. 

TIRA (tira)f to go straight along a road till you 
get to the end, or to the place you set out for. 
2. To go on and present yourself without fear ; 
to go straight and openly upon any path you 
choose. Tiratira {tiTatira)^ plural of the ac- 
tion ; titira (titlra)^ plural of the subject. 

TIRARA (tirara), to vary the conversation. 
Tirararara (tirararara)^ plural of the action ; 
tititara {titirhra)^ plural of the subject. 

TIRATAKU, very great ; high over all other. 

TIRAU (Hraujt a certain dance accompanied by 
gesticulation and movement of the hands. 
To dance such a dance. See pouaru. Tirau- 
rau (tiraurau), plural of the action of the verb ; 
titirau (titirhu), plural of the subject. 

Akatirau (aka'tirhu)^ to shiver, to tremble: 
said of the light of stars. Plural, akatirau rau 

TIRAUKIKAKIKA, to dance with much waving of 
hands, &q. 

TIRAUAPORA {Hraud/p^a), to tremble: said of 
any part of tne body or limbs. 

TIRAVA (tirava), to beat bark-cloth from one 
end to the other. Tiravarava (ttrftvarava), 
plural of the action ; titirava (dUrhva)^ plural 
of the subject. 

Tiravaraga (tirhvaraga)^ the action of Hrava. 

TIRE| to swell ; to swell out. 

Tl RERE (rtrdr«), to hop, to skip. Cf . rere, Tirere- 
rere (tir^erhre)^ plural of the action ; titirere 
(titirlre), plural of the subject. 

TIRI, to throw away, to reject. 2. To neglect. 
3. To lose. 4. To allow to be lost or tlm>wn 
away. Plural, tiritiri {tlritiri). 

Titiri {titlri)y the same as tiri. 

Titiriga (titiriga)^ the action of titiri. 

Tiritiri (tlritiri) y to continually reject. 2. To 
be constantly losing something. 

Tiriga (tirlga)^ the place where one has thrown 
a thing away. 

TIRIAROAINO, to reject a history or a tale as 

TIRO (tlro)y a reef, a shoal. 2. Spots on linen, 
iron-mould. Gf . matatirotirOt matirOt tiotio. 

Ti retire (tlrottro), plural of tiro. 2. Marked 
with points or spots. Cf . terotero, tiotio. 

TITA (^€ita)f to clap the hands. 2. To come into 
coUision with ; to strike so that one is broken : 
said of two stones. Plural, titatita (tUatita). 

Titaga (titiiga)^ the action of tita. 

Titatita (titatita) ^ to dash themselves together: 
said of waves. 

TITA HA (titaha), to lie on the side. 2. To be on 
the sides of: said of things. Gf. ta^. Titalia- 
talia (tit(iihatd,ha)t plural of the action ; tititaha 
(titithha)^ plural of the subject. 

Akatitalia (aka-tithha), to lie on one side of the 
body when sleeping. 2. To fasten on a nar- 
row part of a thing a splint or piece of wood. 

Akatitahataha (aka-tithhathha), to shun or evade 
several times. 

TITA KOTO (titakUo), the summit of a tree, mast, 

Titakotokoto (titakbtokdto), the most extreme 
high point oi titakoto. 

T I TAR A (titara)^ to open the fingers, making 
them into a curve like a hook. 2. To have 
the hair rough, uncombed, tousled. Cf. tara. 

Titaratara (titaratara)^ hair very much dishe- 

Akatitara (aka-titara)y to make rough or prickly. 
Plural, akatitaratara (aka-tithrathra). 

TITATITA. See under tita. 

TITAYE. See akatitave. 

TITEHA, pride, vanity. 2. To boast, to brag. 

Akatitelia (aka-tit^ha)^ to glorify one's self, to 

TITI, a term used to encourage workers. Titi- 
titi expresses strong action. 

TITI (tlti)t to excavate a hole with a peg or pin. 
Gf . tia. 2. To make a mistake ; to take one 
thing for another. Titititi (tltitlti), plural of 
the action ; tititi (titlti)^ plural of tne subject. 




tiTfftl. «e© under tin. 

TITIRI AVARE (tiUri-a-v^re)j to give away for 
good, not to be given back. 

TITI RIGA. See under tiri, 

TITIRIPU (Htiri-pu)^ not yet finished; not ended. 
PluTE^, titiritlripu (titlritiri-pu). 

TITO (ftto), a point, a dot. 2. To leap ; to hop ; 
to skip. 3. To peck as a bird. 4. To bite at 
the hook. Titotito (titofifo), plural of the 
aotion ; titito (titUo)^ plural of the subject. 

TITOATA R A, wavering, inconstant : said. of the 
' wind, but of human beings also. Cf . titoke- 

TITOI, coition; sexual connexion; coupling; 
pairing. 2. To approach the female for pur- 
poses of copulation. 

TITOKE-TITOKE, unsteady, shifting, inconstant : 
said of the wind. Cf. titoatara. 

TITOKI, the name of a fish. Titokitoki, small 
fish of the titoki kind. 

TITOKO (titbko)t a prefix of distribution : Titoko- 
tahi, for one only. Cf . toko, 

TITOVETE, the name of a fish. 

TITU {t\tu)y to put on a garment the wrong way; 
to wear a thing crossways, askew, or awry. 

Till (ttu), the west wind. 2. West. Cf. urapa- 

TO, in composition, appears to be a sign of the 
genitive case : toku^ my ; tokoe^ yours. When 
used alone it has the meaning of "for." Ex.: 
To tera tangata kai^ food for that man. It is 
placed before names, but not before those of 
husband, wife, or articles of food. 

TO, sugar-cane. Cf . tugato^ tumuto, vaito, 

TO (tb), to make a canoe or vessel of planks 
fixed together. 2. To plank, to construct 
with planks, as a floor. 8. To work making 
. some hollow object or excavation ; to hollow 
out a stone. 4. To smooth out clothes that 
have been folded up. 

Akato {aka-to)t to fall straight down (like a 
plummet), no matter where. 2. To go straight 
to the end, to the goal. 

TO A (iba)j the name of the iron- wood tree. 2. 
A woman, considered individually, not as one 
of a sex. Cf. toaahine, toaaretoa. 

TO A (tba)j to be brave, courageous. 2. Strong, 
hardy. JotoB. (totba)^ plural of the subject. 
Cf . aretoa. 

Akatoa (aka-tba), to be vehement in speech. 2. 
To be industrious, hard-working. 3. To be 
reliable ; stedfast, unwavering. 4. To be 

, valiant, brave. 5. To make exertions; to 
strain, to put forth strength. 6. To vanquish 
a difficulty ; to get through a crowd. Plural, 
akatoatoa (aka-tbatba). 

Toatoa (tdatba)^ to work quickly; to make 
haste. 2. Brave; hardy. 

TOAAHINE, a woman; any woman. Cf. toa^ 
ahine^ veine^ &c, 

TOAARETOA, a brave woman. Cf. tqa and are- 

TOAM I RU, the name of a goddess. 2. The name 
^of $, speeids-of spider. 

TOATAMA, the seed of the rega. 

TOATOA. See under toa. 

TOAU. See akatoau, 

TOE (t?>e), to remain ; to be in surplus; overplay. 
Toetoe, plural of the action ; totoe, plural of 
the subject. Cf . topetope, totoe ('* much"). 

Toega, remainder ; the part left over. Plural, 

Akatoe (aka'tbe)^ to leave a remainder; to leave 
something over. Plural, akatoetoe (akd-tbe- 

TOERE (tolre)y to indue ; to put on clothes. 

Akatoere (aka-tal^re)^ to put clothes on to an- 
other person ; to cause to clothe. Akatoerere 
plural of the action ; akatotoere (dka-totdtre), 
plural of the subject. 

TOEREATU-TOEREMAI, to take another person's 
clothes ; to exchange vestments. 

TOETOEGA. See under toe, 

TOGA (thga), cloth made from bark; papyrus 
cloth. 2. The south wind. 3. The south. 
Cf . urupatoga, 

Togatoga (tbgatbga), having little solidity, al- 
most in rags. 

TOGA EGA E, diminishing in intensity or force: 
said of the wind. Cf. gaegae. 

TOG AG A (togaga), a bruise, a contusicm. Cf. 
gaga^ tokaga. 

Akatogaga (aka-toghga)^ to bruise fruit. 

TOGAKURA (toga-kUra)^ valuable, inestimable: 
said generally of men. 

TOGATOGA. See under toga, 

TOGERE (toglre), a ripe coco-nut. 2. A hollow 
sound heard in the breast of one with a severe 
cough. Cf . togi. 3. The noise made by strik- 
ing an empty vessel, as in beating a barrel. 
4. The sound of a liquid moved about in a 
partially-emptied cask. Cf . togoro. 6. To echo 
or sound in the sense of the noise called togere. 
Togeregere (togeregere), plural of the action 
of the verb; totogere (totogere), plural of the 

Akatogere (aka-togere), a low dull noise; far-off 
thunder. 2. A sepulchral voice. 

TOGI {tbgi)y sonorous, resounding. 

TOGI, to bless, to praise. 2. To eat a very little 
of a thing; to taste, to nibble. 3. To resound, 
to re-echo. 2. To hum, to sing in a low voice. 
3. To sing in a sepulchral voice. Cf . togere, 

Togiga (togiga), a benediction; a blessing. 

Togitogi, to do nothing but taste ; only to 
taste ; not to eat heartily. 

TOGOITI, Lord, prince : the title of a person of 
dignity or of a land-owner when addressed by 
his inferiors, tenants, &o. 

Togoitiraga, nobility; privileged persons. 

Akatogoiti (aka-togoiti), to assume airs of 
nobility ; to have the bearing, &c., of chiefs. 

TOGORO, the noise of the coco-nut-milk inside 
a nut not quite full. 2. The noise of a liquid 
shaken about in any vessel or container. Cf. 
goro and togere (2). 

TOQU (tbgu), sounding hollow, dull. ; A heavy 
sound ; a thick voice. 




TogugUftk noifle like togu. 

TOHA (1^ha)t a broom, a besom ; to sweep. 2. 
To oraw back the hand which had been 
stretched out to take something. Tohatoha 
{tdhatbha)t plnral of the action ; totoha {to- 
fbha)f plural of the subject. 

Tohaga (toMga), the action of sweeping, <feo. 

name of a certain goddess, incarnate in the 
shape of an eel. 

TOHAHUEHUEKAHA {Toha-huehue-kaha), the 
name of a goddess wno appears in soiled and 
torn clothes. Figuratively used for a badly- 
dressed person. 

TOHERU (tohtru), to seize the opportune mo- 
ment ; to be in the nick of time. Toheruheru 
{tokeruheru)t plural of the action; totoheru {to- 
thheru)^ plural of the subject. 

TOHETOHE (tbhetbhe), small marine shell-fish 
that attacn themselves to planking, &c., of 

TO HI (tohi), to cut the paste (maa), Tohitohi 
(tohitdhi), plural of the action; totohi (totbhi)^ 
plural of the subject. Cf. toitoi. 

TOHIAPUA (tohiapua), a large packet or bundle 
of maa (lood-paste). To make up such a 
packet or load. Tohitohiapua, plural of the 
action ; totohiapua (totohiapiui), plural of the 

TO HO (thho), a doubt ; to doubt ; not to know 
for certain. 2. Hidden, unknown. 3. To 
know where a hidden thing is. 4. A dream 
that turns out true ; a dream coincident 
with events. 

Tohoga {tohbga)f doubt ; indecision. 

Tohogata, uncertain ; unproved. 2. Not true. 
Kakore e tohogata, true, certain. 

TOHORA (tohdra), a whale. Pahitohora, a 
whaling vessel. 

TOHORA, even, level: said of a piece of land. 

2. Quick, quickly. ViMtohora, to run quickly. 

3. To be spilt, shed ; exhaled. 4. Ix) over- 

TOHU (tbhu) J to make one's escape; to evade; 
to take flight secretly. 2. To hide one's self. 
Tohutohu, plural of the action; totohUi plural 
of the subject. 

Akatohu (aka-tohu), to hide another person. 2. 
To cause another person to hide. Akatohutohu 
^ (aka-tdhutdhu)jj^lviraX of the action; akatotohu 
{aka-totdhu)f plural of the subject. 

TOHU A {tohua)f a public place in which the 
multitude assemble. 

TOHUHU (tohUhu), a beam nmning from one 
gable-end of a house to the other, carried on 
the cross-bars of the rafters. 

TOHUKA (tohuka)t to have an excess of saliva, 
produced by bad food. Cf . huka. 

Akatohuka {aka-tokuka)t to have a sore mouth. 
2. To have a bad taste in the mouth. 

TOHU R A {tokiira)f sloping, leaning. 2. Thrown 
down. Cf . tohuri, 

TOHURI {tohUii)f to lean, to slope. . Cf. tUtohvH. 
2. Upset or capsized in the sea. Tohurihuri, 
plural of the action ; totohuri, plurid of ihe 
subject. Of. tokura, huriy t&uuri. 


TOHUTA (toMtta), to act, to do. 2. Tb mok or 
carry out suddenly. 8. To be very active or 
assiduous. Tohutahuta, plural of the action ; 
totohuta, plural of the subject. 

TOHUTOHU, food (nuia) badly cooked; cooked 
without crust; half -cooked; half -raw. 2. 
The play or duioe called rama. 

TOI. See akatoi. 

TO I AG A {toi^ga)y coco-nut grated into a piece of 
linen or cloth to be twisted. Plural, toitoiaga 

TOiAPUAMA, a large package or bundle of moo. 

TOIEA (toUa)t a ripe nut. 

TOI MA, to cut the paste maa into slices. 

TOI N El N E, to walk with difficulty through being 
too fat and portly. 

TOIRA, a kind of rush growing in tufts in moist 

TOIRITO, atonement for a fault. 

TOITOI, to cut, to divide. To cut into slices. 
Cf. tohij totoi, 

TOKA (tbka), coral. Cf. tokatea, 2. A fixed 
abode ; to dwell constantly in the same place. 
Tokatoka {thkathka)^ plural of the action of 
verb ; totoKa (tothka)^ plural of the subject. 

Tokatoka, curdled coco-nut milk. 

TOKAGA (tokhga) a bruise or contusion on bread- 
fruit. Cf. togaga. Plural, totokaga (totokhga), 

TOKA HA I, the name of the sea among the islands 
stretching to north and west.. 

TOKA I (tohhi), to walk with pain and difficulty, 
having a long journey. Tokatoka! (tokaiokbi)^ 
plural of the action ; totokai (totokdi), plural 
of the subject. 

TOKAMEA, a kind of sponge, a marine substance 
like bird-lime, used to attract fish into the 

TOKA N I, the name of a place on Akamaru. 

TOKARA ^to/eara), a hiccough ; to have hiccoughs. 
Tokarakara (toktirakara)^ plural of the action; 
totokara (totokhra), plural of the subject. 

Akatokara (aka-tokara), to click the tongue. 
Plursl, akatokarakara (aka-tokliLrakb,ra). 

TOKARAGI (or Atikura), the name of the north- 
east part of the bay at Mangareva. 

TOKATEA, white coral. Cf. toka and tea, 

TOKATU (tokditu), a piece of wood used for at- 
tadiing to the anchor-rope ; a buoy or floal. 

TOKAU, to voyage, to travel by sea. 

TOKAYI ( to cease, to stop, either at in- 
tervals or entirely. Plural, tokavikavi (toka^ 

TOKETE (toKUe)t brother-in-law; sister-in-law. 
See teina, 

TOKETOKE {tbkefbke)^ a marine worm resembling 
an earth-worm. Cf. iritoke. 

TOKETOKEHUMU, the name of a fish. 

\TOKI (tbkijy an adze. Cf. tokiau, koutoH. 2. A 
\ saw. 

Akatoki (aka-tbki^y to speak in a low voice when 
oontradicting another person. 2. To sound 
by meant df little •trolcei, as the Ml xA % 




fiioek ; to diima. 3. To make % noiie whon 
aiworic 4. To tattle, to pnte. Plnnl, aka- 

)iT0KIAU,anad2e. Cf . toU. 

TOKIO {toklo)t to talk for a long time: eaid oon- 
ceming nninterrapted ooDTeraation. Totokio 
(totokio), pixanl at the subject. Gf. HoHo. 

TOKI-VAITAU, abvndance; affluence. 

TOKO {G>ko), after aU ; in abort ; finally. 

TOKO {G>io), tbe pole of a raft ; to pant a raft 
along witb a pole. 2. Stilts. 8. To fish witb 
tbe band among tbe reefs. Tokotoko, plural 
of the action ; totoko (toidko), plural of the 

Totoko {totbko), to pat in opposition. 2. To 
stretch out anytbii^ to dry. 

Tokotoko (tbkotbko), a staff having a flat crook 
at the end. 2. A stick, a staff. 8. The pole 
of a raft, a panting pole. 

Akatokotoko (aka-tokotoko), to make a thing 
into a toko, 2. To play the sluggard. 

TOKO, a prefix joined to numerals, as tokotahi, 
one; tokoruat two; &c. Tokoidhi-atifbgourUf 
ten. Of. titokoi tokohia. 

TOKOHIA, How many? Ct, toko. Ma. [Toko is 
only used of persons.] 

TOKORUA, a companion, a mate. Cf. toko and 

TOKOTAHI, One; one only. Cf. tokOy taJd, toko- 

TO KOTO (tokbtojy to leave, to quit ; to lay down ; 
to lay down in a particular spot. 2. To leave 
off (or saspend for a time) an action. 3. To 
be set in a certain position : said of things. 
4. To be lying down : said of human beings. 
Tokotokoto. plural of the action; totokoto, 
plural of tne subject. 

Akatokoto (aka-tokoto), to lay down, to set 
down. 2. To allow to leave off, to permit to 
cease. Akatokotokoto (aka-tokotokoto)j plural 
of tbe action ; akatotokoto (aka-totdkoto), pivjnA 
of tbe subject. 

TOKOTOKO. See under toko, 
TOKOTOKORA. An atom, a minute speck. 
TOKOYAYAE {tbkavaviu), stilts for walkmg. 
TOKU, cartilage. 

TOKU, my; mine; " 0ive me my portion." Cf. 


TO M AM I M I,, the bladder. Cf . mimif tugandmi, 

TOM ATOM A (tbmatTmia), a young coco-nut not 
grown to its full size. 

TOMETOME, the name of a small fish. 

TOMO (thmo)j to enter ; to go into a place. 2. To 
enter into possession of. 3. To sink in tbe 
water : said of canoes, ships, &c. Tomotomo 
{tbmotb7no)y plural of tbe action ; totomo (to- 
tbmo), plural of the subject. 

Tomoga, the action, &c., of entry. 

Akatomo (aka-Gnno), to cause to enter ; to make 
a person or thing go inside. Akatomotomo 
laka-tdmotbrno), plural of tbe action ; akatotomo 
{aka'totbmo), plural of the subject. 

TOMOPUi to enter suddenly. Of. tomo. 

TOMOTU (touMm), to intermpt, to «top; to 
Tomotumotu, plozal of the action; totomotu 
(totombtu), plaial of the subject. Cf. mote. 

TONA (<^fia), a venereal disease. 

Akatona (nka-tMia), to make great effort to cry 
out loudly, 80 as to be heard at a distance. 

2. To emerge with pain and difficulty: said of 
vomitings, and of evacoations of the bowels. 

Tonatona, gross; swollen ap; inflated. 2. Fat, 

TONA, his, hers, its, belonging to him, Ao. 

TONARA, one day, some day, at some time: 
used as in the expression, *' One day you will 
repent this." 

TONU, a large fish. 

TONUOHO (tonubho), to be eroel; wicked. 3. 
To give way to anger. Tomitonuoho, plural 
of the action ; totonuoho {toGmubho), plural of 
the subject. 

TONUMOKO, a bad character; a bad-tempered 
person, one easily made angry. 

TOPA (tr)pa), to fall from a height. 2. Not to be 
remembered ; to be forgotten when a distri- 
bution of food is being made. 3. To let fall 
from the hand. 4. To miss, to fail. 5. Not 
to be present at a meeting ; not to give help, 
Ac. Topatopa (tf>patbpa) , plural of the action ; 
totopa {tott>pa), plural oi the subject. 

Akatopa (aka-tdpa), to cause to fall. 2. Not to 
give to a certahi person at a food-distribution. 

3. To refuse. 4. Not to receive. 5. To allow 
to fall. 6. To vanquish, to conquer. Aka- 
topatopa (aka-tdpatdpa), pluial of the action. 

Akatopaia (aka-topaia), fallen. 2. That which 
has been broken off. 

Akatopatopa (aka-topatopa), to stanmier. 2. To 
speak clearly, but only on being rebuked for 
stuttering. 3. To sing : said of two voices 
singing together. 4. To talk at random. 5. 
To sing from low to high and high to low. 

TOPAIARAPU, to be worsted in argument; 
beaten in discussion. Totopaiarapu, plural of 
the subject. 

TOPAPU (tb^pu), to fall before maturity: said 
of fruit. 2. To drop behind : said of men on 
march. Topatopapu, plural of the action; 
totopapu {totopapu)y plural of the subject. 

T0PATAHA6A {tf>pathhaga), not to succeed in. 
2. Frustrated ; duped. 8. One who has re- 
ceived nothing, or has been forgotten. 4. To 
come for nothing. 

TOPATOTARA, a shower of rain. 2. Fallen to 
the ground : said of rain. 

TOPETOPE, tbe end, margin. 2. The tip. 3. To 
leave a thing to be done ; to allow a task to 
remain undone. 

Akatopetope (aka-topetope), a remnant, remain- 
der. Cf . toe. 

TOPITI {topiti)f to run through line bands : said 
of soup. Topitipiti, plural of the action ; toto- 
piti, plural of tne subject. 

Topitipiti j to fall drop by drop. Cf. kurtUopUi' 

TOPOU (topbtt), the ribs ; the rib-bones. 




TOPUTU (topUtu), the movements of the larynx 
and oBsophagus in swallowing. Plural, toto- 
putu (totoputu). 

TORA (fbra), strong desire. To wish for, to 
want. Of. tare, 2. To plague, to pester, to 
▼ex. 3. To agitate, to shake, to disquiet. 4. 
To be agitated or uneasy with desire, long- 
ing, or envy : E tora ana te tinOt to feel the 
temptations of the flesh. Cf . toratino. 

TORAHURAHU (torhhurhhu), without obstacle to 
tiie view ; open, level. 

TORA I, to swim, to float. 

TORARI, mud produced by the stamping of feet. 
Of. rarirari. Torarirari {torhrirhri), mud in 
large quantities produced by more stamping 
thiui torari. 

Akatorari (aka-torari), to make mud soft by the 
trampling of many people walking. Plural, 
akatorari rari {akatorMrM), 

TORATINO, fleshly desires; lusts of the body. 
Cf . torut tino, 

TORE (tdre)y a tongue of land; anything shaped 
like a tongue. 2. An overplus or remnant 
not wanted, of food (maa). 3. A thing jutting 
out, a projection. 4. The uvula of the throat. 
Cf . torekaU, 5. The penis of a man. Cf . tora 
and ure. 6. To advance out of line, to go be- 
yond a line. Toretore {ttfreG^e)^ plural of the 
action (of No. 6) ; totore (tofbre), plural of the 

Toretore {tbr«G>re)t has same meaning as tore, 

Akatore {aka-G^e), to pinch ; to press. 2. To 
dispute; to quarrel in wordn. 3. To push out 
in a point : said of land 4. To elongate, to 
prolong. 5. To squabble, to wrangle. Plural, 
akatoretore (aha-torefdre). 

TORE A, the name of a bird that lives on the sea- 
shore, a sandpiper. 

TOREAKEREKERE, the note of the Uyrea bird ; a 
Urrea that cries. See kerekere, 

TOREKAKI, the uvula of the throat. Cf. tme 
and kaki. 

TOR EN A (torhui)t with extended borders sloping 
to lower ground : said of a piece of land. 2. 
To be spilt, shed : said of water. 3. To be 
wasted, thrown away : said of words. 4. To 
be swollen, inflated: Kopu torena, a corpulent 
or distended belly. Torenarena (torhuirhm), 
plural of the action; totorena (totorlna), plural 
of the subject. 

TOR EPA, to stagger, to totter. 2. To fall, from 
weakness. 3. One who has been set loose, 

TORETORE. Syn. tore, 

TORI (tbri), to strike on the back. Tori tori (tim- 
tbri)^ plural of the action; totori {tot7)ri) plural 
of the subject. 

TORIKI (toriki)^ to come little by little; to get 
in small quantities : said of food (maa) thus 
procured. Torikiriki {tor\kirlki\t plural of the 
action. Cf . riki^ toitiiU, 

TORINO (tof^no), a kind of grass. 2. Filaments 
of coco-nut fibre twisted and put together to 
about the length of an ell. 8. To nu^^e small 
meshes of ooco-nut-fibre material. Torlnorino, 
plural of the action ; totori no (totorlno), plural 
of the subject. 

TORITA (tofUa), to beg, to solicit, to importune. 
2. To rush, dash : said of water. Toritarita 
{toritarlta)f plural of the action ; totnrita (to- 
toiita)t plural of the subject. 

TORO {tifro)t ft net. 2. That which grbws well, 
that becomes larger ; to swell, grow : said of 
vegetables in the ground. 3. To wrap up ; to 
envelope in a bag ; to make a packet or bundle 
of anything. Cf . torotaro, Torotoro, plural of 
the action. 

Akatoro (aka-tbro), to return to one's home, or 
to a place often visited. 2. To secretly slip 
into a company of persons, or to sneak into a 
place. 8. To station one's self secretly at a 
certain point. 4. To seek the cause of an 
action, the source of a motive, or the author 
of some circumstance. 5. To go ** on the sly." 
6. To go in search of ; to make inquiry. Cf . 

Totoro Itotbro), to orawl on the hands and 
knees, like infants. Cf . gatoro, toromiki, 

Akatotoro, to crawl on hands and knees ; to go 
by stealth. 2. To trail or drag one's self 

Torotoro {t^oGtro), to walk crouching down, so 
as not to be seen. 

Akatorotoro {aka-tbrotdro)^ to seek the cause of 
an action or the author of certain events. 2. 
To go at night to commit a crime. 3. To go 
on hands and feet. 4. To go '*on the sly." 6. 
To search the mind for a right word, a true 

TOROA (tbrba)f the name of a bird. 

TOROAKI (toro^H), to be bent down with the 
weight of years or under a heavy load. Toro- 
toroaki, plural of the action ; totoroaki, plural 
of the subject. 

TOROGA (Torbga)f the name of a mythical person 
who was entertained and feasted by the fishes 
of ocean. 

TOROMIKI {tororniki), a baby, a child. Cf. tore, 

TORO N A NO, to supplicate ; to earnestly entreat 
to grant some favour. Cf. toro. 

Akatoronano has same meaning as toronano. 
Plural, akatorotoronano (aka-torotoronano). 

TOROPUKU. See akntoropukUy in alphabetical 

TOROROROA, to be very long : said of garments, 
nets, &c. Torotorororoa, plural of the action ; 
totorororoa, plural of the subject. Cf. toro 
and roa. 

Akatororoa, to lengthen a garment ; to piece 
out. 2. To stretch out ; to lengchen : said of 
the hair. 

TOROTARO, a bag of taro in the manogi, 
TOROTORO. See under toro. 

Akatoriki {aka-tor\ki). to pour out in very small 

dropB and at intervals. Plural, akatoriki riki 

Akatorikipiki (ata-fort«rt«), a sUght fog or f\TOROTOROEKE, the name ot a gh-^U-fish. 

haze produced by very heayy rain. I TORU, three. Cf. putoru. 




TORUQU, to arrive by land. Plnrat, totorugu. 

TOTAI, again ; more. 2. A second time. 

TOTAI-ATU, to go away. Of. totai and atu, 

TOTA U M A I , to draw near. Cf . toiai and mai. 

TOTARA (tothra) : said of a short shower of rain. 
2. The name of a fish. S. The name of a 
species of bread-fmit. 

TOT ATA, to be red and perspiring from haying 
been too near the fire. 

TOTAU, arriyed: said of numy people. Cf. 

TOTA V A I, a coco-nut tree haying large froit. 

TOTE, to strike a stone with a piece of wood. 
Plural, totete. 

TOTI, to walk with diffieolty, to limp, to hobble. 
Totitoti, plural of the action ; tototi, plural of 
the subject. 

TOTITITITI, to faU drop by drop. Of. toHH, iH. 

TOTO (tdto)t blood. Of. oaratotOt putoto, tikototo, 
atotOy totoua, 2. A piece of wood which sus- 
tains the rau on the water. 3. To arrange, to 
put everything in its place. Syn. muani. 

Totototo (tbtofbto), bloody, tinged with blood. 
Of. akatotohi. 2. Dark red, reddish. 

TOTO, to be angry because of injuries. 

Akatoto {aka'toto)\ to supplicate' with great 
earnestness and insistence. 

■ • * ' • 

TOTOE, much, many. Of. toe, 2. The name of 
a species of cray-fish. 

TOTOEM AKU RARA, the name of a species of crab 

TOTOQO (toff)ffo)j an inward pain caused by ex- 
cessive grief or joy ; to feel pain from menta] 
excitement. 2. To love with all the heart. 

TOTOHI. Seeakatotohu 

TOTO I, to split at a single blow. Cf. toi, 2. A 
sudden retention of urine ; urine which is 
kept back by some sudden check. Of. aka- 

TOTONU {to0nu), to go in search of. 2. To wait 
for; to stay for. 3. To return to a place 
where one formerly lived to claim s6me ob- 
ject left behind and forgotten for a while. 

Akatotonu (aka-totonu)y to reclaim, to claim 
back. 2. To return at last, after long absence. 

TOTORO. See under toro, 

TOTOROQU (totbrbgu), the name of certain small 

TOTORORO, a large marine shell, the conch- 
shell. 2. The high notes of the conch. 

TOTOROTOQOiTI (totorotbgditi), the name of a 

TOTOTOTO. See under toto. 

TOTOUA {tbtoua). See under Uma. 

TOTUI, the name of a shrub. 

TOTUPO {totiipo)^ to be very weak and feeble 
i^ter an illness. Totupotupo, plural of the 
action; tototupo (tototupojt pluial of the sub- 
ject. Cf. tupo, tupou, 

TOU (tim), the name of a tree. 2. To be hidden ; 
to hide one's self ; to be invisible. 

TOU, there is, there are : Tou tahit there is one ; 
Um roa, there are two, Ac, ; tou-ha, four fruits 
on the same branch. 

TOUA (toUa)t preparations for war. 2. A war 
song. 8. A battle. Plural, totoua (totoUa). 

Totoua Uotoua)t red spots or stains on certain 
breaul-iruits. Cf. toto, 

TOUAKINO (tottdfcino), a hypocrite. 

TOUAKIRiC, dried in the sun. 

TOUAMATINI, much of, plenty of. Cf. Hid. 

TOUQARURU {tougarUrU), to diminish slightly 
in force : said of the wind. 

TOUHARA (touMra)t the units in counting above 
ten : thus the 3 of 13 is touhara. Syn. tuma. 

TOUHUMU (touhumu)t the name of a shrub. 

TOUKUPU UoukUpu), the arm, from shoulder to 
elbow. 2. The handle of a lance, when the 
handle or shaft is .of different material to the 

TOU MA {touma)t the dry envelope of a young 
coco-nut cut into slices and put into water to 
make it flexible ; it is then used in the taking 
of fish. 

TOU M AH A (Ummhha), a prayer offered up before 
a feaot or a meal ; a grace. 2. To offer first- 
fruits to a god. Toumahamaha (tournhhamaha), 
plural of the action ; totoumaha (totoumahaj^ 
plural of the subject. 

TOUMAKI {toumhki), to hope for; to wait for; 
to have faith in ; to have confidence. Plural, 
totoumaki (totoumaH), 

Toumakiraga (toumd,kirhga)t faith; confidence. 

TOU MAN U (toumhnu), a very large fishing-net. 

TOUMAOMAO {touTnhomiU))^ to hang within reach 
of the hand. Of tourara, 

TOU M ATA (toumhta), the raised ends of an in- 
strument fur catching fish. 

TOU ME, the roro of a coco-nut palm (see roro 3) 
fitted for making an aga fishmg-basket. 

TOUPATU (touphtu)j the topmost part of a 
house : said of the thatch only. 

TOU PI R I {touplri)^ to bend under the weight of 
fruit, as a tree. 2. To depend on ; to obtain 
subsistence from a person. Of. piri. 

Toupiripiri (toupinviri)^ to gather the fruit from 
a tree with the hand. 

TOUR A (toura)y a cord, a string. 

TOURARA (tourhra)f to hang suspended so as to 
be reached by the band. Cf. taumaomao. 

TOURU (touru), a level surface, a horizontal 

TOURU A {tourua)^ to be hung two by two on a 
branch. Of. tou and rua, 

TOUTAHI (touthhi), to be suspended one by one 
on a branch. Of. tou, taM, tourua, <feo. 

TOUTORU (toutifmi), hung three by three on a 
branch. 2. The Belt in the constellation of 

TOUUMU, the name of a tree found at Te Kava 
and Eouaku. 

TOUURt, to turn upside down. Cf. tohuH^ hwri* 
2. To turn iniidc out. Of. ^katouri. 




Toauriurl, to stagger, to totter. 2. To nptel, 
right and left. 

TOUYEYE (Giuvhve)^ to oover a native oven with 
grass and leaves. 2. One who prepares food, 
one who covers the oven. Toutouveve (ttu- 
tbuvlveV plural of the action ; totouveve (to- 
fiiuvtoe)^ plural of the subject. 

TOYAEUATU, a sucker or scion of the banana 
called tULtu, Cf . himtu. 

TOYE (ttive), raiii that continues without inter- 
mission for twenty-four hours. 2. To talk 
without ceasing. Tovetove {tovetZme)^ plural 
of the action; totove (totove), plural of the 

TU (tu), life ; being, existence. 2. The name of 
one of the great gods of Mangareva, about 
whose worship the chief part of the native 
religion centred. [See Tu-nni^ under marama.'] 
3. A wailing or complaint of sick persons in 
great pain. 4. A cry, a shout. 5. A home- 
thrust. 6. One after another : as Tu aga, 
work consecutively ; kai tu^ eat one after the. 
other; Tu ka rere hua te hu. Let us all go 
aboard. 7. To be upright; to stand up. 
Plural (of No. 7), tutu (tiitU), 8. To aim, to 
aim straight ; to hit the mark. 9. To be 
struck by a lance ; to be wounded by a thorn 
in the foot or in the skin, &c. ; to be pierced 
or pricked by. Of. tumoto. 10. To be pierced 
or wounded by the fish nohu. 

Akatu (aka-tu), to search the records ; to refer 
.back to genealogies, traditions, &c. 2. To 
search for a forgotten word so as to be able 
to name a thing ; to try back along a line of 
thought link by link in order to remember 
something. 3. To redress. 4. To straighten. 
5. To re-erect; to set erect, to put upright 
(generally used in plural form). 6. To form 
plans or designs; to make resolutions or 
propositions. 7. To make history ; to tell of 
what has happened. 8. To cover over the 
food (maa) in the pits with leaves ; the leaf- 
covering itself. 9. To create, to invent. 10. 
A kind of combat to avenge an insulted chief. 

Turaga (turhga), a site, standing-place: Turaga 
Iiare^ tne site of a house. 

Tutu (tutu), to beat out bark cloth ; the instru- 
ment for beating it out. 2. See under tu. 

Akatutu (aka-tutu), plural of the verb tu, but 
mostly used as the plurals in the sense of 
above numbers 8 and 9. 2. To fasten a smalt 
net in a circle to a handle : it is then called 
manogi. 3. The piece of wood which sustains 
the net on the handle. 4. To explain. 5. 
Covered with confusion ; ashamed. 

Akatutu raga, an explanation. 

TU-A-AYEAYE, large, handsome, well propor- 
tioned. Gf. tuaveave, 

TUA (tua)t the back. 2. Behind ; the rear. 3. 
the high seas : I tua, at the back of the island, 
on the ocean, Cf . okikotuay pooretua, 

Tuatua (tuatua), large, bulky, great in volume. 

Akatuatua (aka-tuatua), to enlarge. 2. To fat- 
ten ; to make gross. 

TUA (tua), to fell, to cut down trees. Tuatua 
{tuatua) y plural of the action ; tutu a [tutua)y 
plural of the subject. 

Tuatua {Utama)^ to oat or strike with greal 

TUA H EGA, a oord, a piece of string ; a line made 
with more than two strands. 2. To make a 
four-strand cord. 

TUAHEU {Tuah^u)y the name of a reef. 

TUAHONU Uuahbnu)y *' turtle-backed": said of 
food {maa) that has been burnt in cooking. 

TUAHU {tuahu)y a great number of persons. Cf. 

TUAHU RU (tuahuru)t the name of a species of 
crayfish. Cf. tiiauru. 

TUAKANA (tuakana)y the elder brother of a 
male ; the elder sister of a female. [See ex- 
planation of teina.] 

TUAKAU, the side of the islands facing the high 
seas. Cf . akau, 

TUAKAYAHI {tuakavhhi)y the part of the spinal 
column about the first ribs. Cf. tua. 

TUAKEI^ the loins, the reins. 2. The base of 
the spinal column and adjacent parts. 3. 
The lumbar regions ; the haunches. Cf . tua. 

TUAKI (ttictXn), to disembowel ; to take out the 
intestines. Tuatuaki (ttiatuaki), plural of the 
action; tutuaki {tutuitki)y plural of the sub- 

Tuakiga, the action of tuaki. 

TUAKURA {tuakura)y a man who remains on 
land and who goes no more to sea. 

TUAKURAKURA-KAOKAOTAI, fruit spoilt upon 
one side. Cf. kaokaoy tukaokao. 

TUAMAQANOA (tuamhga-noa)y a great heap of 

TU AM ATAQI, in the mouth of the wind : said of 
an unsheltered place. 

TUAPAKUPAKU (tmpakupaku)^ provided for in 
all ways ; sustained and looked after. 

TUAPUA (tuapua)y round, circular. 2. A hori- 
zontal circle. 

TUA RAG A (tuaraga)y to be dispersed, and wan- 
dering here and there : only said of a large 
number of people. Plural, tutuaraga (tatua- 

TUA REG A (tuarlga), to have pains in the bowels. 

TU A R I M A (tuafima) , the back of the hand. Cf . 
tuay lima. 

TUARIRIKI (tuaHr\U)y fine, delicate, small. Cf. 
riki. Plural, tutuarlriki. 

TuatuaririkI, very fine, vety small, delicately 

TU AROGA {tuar7)ga)y any inhabited place on high 
ground. 2. A dry place. 

TU ARORO, to be fatigued with trying to journey 
against the wind. 

TUATA, a person who is completely tattooed. 

TUATAI, to do once. Cf. tahi, 

JUATAI {tu^tai)y the name of a species of cray- 

TUATEA (tuat^)y a heap of objects; a pile of 
material (such as Tnaa) exposed to view. 
Plural, tuatuatea (tuatuatha). 




TUATEANOA, to waste, to scatter, to squander. 
2. In great quantity. 

TUATUA. See under tua (to fell) and tua (the 

TUATUARIRIKI. See under tuannM. 

TUAUNU {tuaunu)^ unstirred, unshaken : said of 
trees. Plural, tutuaunu \tutuaunu). 

TUAURE (tuahre)y a parent up to the third de- 
gree inclusive: father, grandfather, great- 
grandfather ; mother, grandmother, great- 

TUAURU, the name of a spedes of orab (crus- 
tacean). Gf. tuahuru, 

TUAYEAYE, of tall stature. Of. aveave, tuaave- 
ave, tuhave, 

TUAYERA (timv^a), the last fruits on a bread- 
fruit tree, spoilt by the wind. 

TU E H I N E, a sister, a female cousin , when spoken 
of by men. The word is used for cousins to 
the sixth remove. See teina, tuakana, tugane, 

Akatuehine {aka-tueKineV to treat like a sister 
or female cousin : saia by men only. 

TUEHUEHU {tu^huehu)y dirty, untidy in dothes 
or appearance. Of. ehu. 

TUERE (tu^e)y to eat fast. 2. To act promptly. 
Tuetuere {tu^tulre)^ plural of the action ; tu- 
tuere (tututre)y plural of the subject. 

TUQA (tuga), a worm that devours sugar-cane. 
Gf . tugato, 

TUG A (tuga), to sit down all day. Plural, tutuga 

^TUQAQI (tugagi), to scrape bread-fruit that one 
cannot peel. 2. To be dull, to be feeble : said 
of a man's attempts or actions. Tugagigagi, 
plural of the action ; tutugagi, pluraJ of the 

Akatugagi (aka-tugitgi^, to dull or make blunt a 
shell for scraping bread-fruit. 2. To waste 
in cutting or slicing. Akatugagigagi {aka-tu- 
gagigagi)y plural of the action; akatutugagi 
(aka-tutugagi)f plural of the subject. 

TU Q A M I M I , the human bladder. Gf . tomamimiy 

TUGANE (tughne)f a brother, a male cousin to 
the sixtn remove, when spoken of by girls or 
women. See teinay tuakana, tuehinet &c, 

Akatugane {ak<i-tughne)y to treat like a brother 
or miJe cousin: only said by women and 

TUGATO (tuga-to)t a worm that infests sugar- 
cane. Gf . tuga and to, 

TUGOU {tugZni)j the name of a hideous and 
poisonous fish. 

TUGOU {tug7m)y to make signs with the eyes or 
forehead : to make a sign of assent with the 
head. Tugougou (tugougmi), plural of the 
action ; tutugou (tutugou), plural of the subject. 
[These signs are of assent only.] Gf. tupou, 

Tugougou {tug^g^)y not to be vigorous : said 
oi men or plants. 

Akatugougou, to make a sign by bowing the 
head. 2. Sickly-looking, said of men or 

TUGUTU (tughtu), idle, unemployed ; having 
nothing to do. 2. To remain at table without 
eating. Tugutugutu {tugutugUtuj^ plural of 
the action ; tutugutu (ttUugutu), plural of the 

TUHA (tuha), to divide, to portion out. Tuha- 
tuha (thhatuhdSf plunJ of the action; tutuha 
(tutuhaji plural of the subject. 

Tuhaga, distribution ; a portion, lot. Plural, 
tuhatuhaga {tuhatuhaga), 

TUHARA (tuhHira), the difference in the move- 
ments of the tide (the daily change in time 
of high tide, <fec.). 2. Not to be regular in 
one*s actions or conduct. Of. touhara, 

TUHAU (tahhu)^ the name of nets generally, 
without specifying the kind. 2. To take fiah 
with the haga for the second or third time. 

TUHAYE, to be tall in stature. Tuhavehave, 
plural of the action ; tutu have, plural of the 
subject. Gf . tuaveave^ tuaaveave, <feo. 

TUHEHEIA, wandering, roving. 

TUHERA {tuhtra)^ to cleave, to split. 2. To open, 
to gape, to be ajar. 3. To be dispersed, scat- 
tered : said of an assembly. 4. To be diffused, 
spread abroad. Tuhe'^hera(tu/i^ra/»dra), plural 
of the action ; tutuhera (tutu/t^a), plural of 
the subject. 

Tuheraga {tuh^raga)^ the action of tuhera. 

Akatuhera {aka'tuh^a)^ to dissipate, to scatter. 
Plural, akatuherahera {aka-tuh^rah^ra). 

TUHI {tuki)f to show, to point out with the fin- 
ger. Tunituhi (tuhituhi)^ plural of the action; 
tutu hi, plural of the subject. 

TUHOE {tuKde)t to scrape, to scratch with the 
fingers or the nails. Tuhoehoe, plural of the 
action ; tutu hoe, plural of the subject. 

TUHOE, to strike lightly with the hand. 

TUHONU (tuKbnu), bread-fruit of the last crop. 

TUHOROPUGA (tuhi^opuga), shaved: said of the 

Tuhorohoropuga (tuhi^ohbropuga)^ entirely 
shaved : said of the head. 

TUHOTA {tuhbta)f to be eager, earnest; not to 
permit delay. 

Tuhotahota {tuKbtahdta), to be very earnest. 
Plural, tutuhota {tutuhdta), 

TUHUGA (tuhhgajy to be accustomed, used; 
adroit ; well-taught. 2. Wise, instructed. Of. 
akatuuga. Plural, tutuhuga (tutukuga). 

TUI, the cry of a rat ; to squeak like rats. Tui- 
tui, pluriJ of the action ; tutui, plural of the 
Tuitui, the cry of young chickens or rata. 

TU I (tui), to sew, to stitch. 2. To thread on a 
reed or rush. 3. To twist the rope of a ma&t 
round a bench or thwart. Tu itu i (tuitui) , plural 
of the action ; tutui (tutui), plural of the sub- 

Tuiga, sewing; the action of sewing. 

Tutui, to string fish on a line. 

TUI, to take under the arm : Tui atu tui mai, 
to put the arms over and then under. 

Akatuigaiga {aka-tulgdiga), to take the trouble 
to raise one's self so as to stand upright. 2. 
To swing from side to side in waMng. 




TUIAMARO, a piece of linen or cloth not large 
enough to encircle the body. 2. To gird one's 
self as with a maro. Cf . jnarOf tuitahi. 

TUITAHI,|a maro (girdle) without ornament. 
TUITAKI J ^^' tuiamaro. 

TUITUI. See under tui. 

TUITUiPUA {taitUipua), to suit together; to 

TUKAOKAO (tukaokao), to be on the side of. Cf. 


TU K A R A M i H I , an injurious exclamation, an exe- 
cration, applied to gods or men. 

TUKARERE {tukarere)^ to desire, to wish for. 2. 
To act instantly, prompted by intense lodg- 
ing. Tukarererere (tukar^r^ere), plural of the 
action ; tutukarere (tutukarh'e)^ plural of the 

TUKARIPAHI, a term of, contempt. 

TUKAU (tukau)^ the stalk of fruits. Cf. kakau* 
2. A socket. 3. A handle. 4. The helm of a 

Tukaukau, stalks. 2. Short handles. 

TUKE (tuke), the elbow. 2. The heel. 3. The 
joints of the fingers. Cf. etuke, 4. The ex- 
tremity of each fruit in a bunch of pandanus 
fruit. 5. An islet ; separated from the main- 

Tuketuke (tuketuke), large feet. 2. To make 
eyes at any one. Cf . tukemata, 

TDK EM ATA (tukemata) ^ the parts about the eyes. 
2. The whites of the eyes. Cf . mata^ mata- 
take, tuketuke^ tukimata, 

Akatukemata (aka-tukemZita)y to heap up; to fill 
to the top : said only of solid things, not of 
liquids. 2. To have angry eyes, to look 
furious. 3. To look upward. Cf. tukimata. 

TUKERAE (tukerhe), the top of the forehead. Cf. 
tuke, aka-ra^t raemata. 

TUKERAKAU, to drive away in an imperious 
manner, to expel haughtily. Plural, tutuke- 

TUKEREMOI, to be obstructive, mean, narrow- 
minded ; without brains ; dull, stupid. Cf . 
tukeremu. [See note, akatukeremu.'] 

TUKEREMU has the same meaning as tukeremoi. 
Tukerekeremu, plural of the action ; tutukere- 
mu, plural of the subject. 

Akatukeremu (aka-tukeremu), to make dull or 
stupid; to make blunt. [Akatukeremoi and 
Akatikeremu also have this meaning.] 

TUKETUKE. See tinder tuke, 

TUKI {tuki)y a stamper, a pestle, a pounder. To 
crush, bruise, pound with a stamper. Cf. 
tukia, 2. Following. 3. Continual ; continu- 
ation. 4. To feel, to handle. 5. To stretch 
out the hand to feel. 6. To be unlike in sen- 
timents, habits, &o, 7. To crojird, to press on 
anything that yields. Tukituki (tukituki), 
plural of action of verb; tutuki {tutuki)^ plural 
of the subject. 

Tukituki, to pound, to bruise. A pestle, a 
beater. 2. To kill. 3. To ptit end to end. 
4. A train, a series ; consecutive. 

Tukiga (tuk'iga)t a set, a series, connected to- 
gether. Plural, tukituklga. 

TUKIA, a shock, concussion. 2. A stone over 
which one has tripped; a stumbling-block. 
3. A speech that tempts ; an allurement. Cf . 

TUKIA (tukXa), to hutt against; to strike against. 
Cf. tuHj tukia, Tukiakia {tuk\akla)j plural of 
the action ; tutukia {tutulcui)^ plural of the 

Tukiakia {tuklak'ia)^ a scandalous occurrence ; 
to scandalize, to slander. 2. The occasion of 
a fall. 3. A bait, an allurement ; attractions. 

TUKII\1ATA, to look upwards. Cf. akatukemata, 

TUKINOHO (tukinbhojj to persevere, to be insis- 
tent. Plural, tutukinoho (tutukinbho). 

TUKIPANAUEA (tukipanavi^a)^ to be very short 
in stature. 

TUKIRI (tuklri), imperfect. 2. A thing that will 
not do ; improper ; unmeet ; unbecoming ; 
discordant. Plural, tutukiri (tutuklri). 

Tukirikirinoa, altogether imperfect, unfit, <fec. 

TUKITAHAGA, without question. 2. Prolonged 

TUKITUKI. Bee under tuki. 

TUKOMA, a species of banana, the leaves of 
which are smooth and feel as if oiled. 

TUKORO (tuktn-o)y the name of a fish. 

TUKOROMAHU (tukorimiahu), the name of an 
evil-smelling fish. 

TUKORU (tukdru)j a high tide that has reached 
its highest limit. 

TUKU {tuku)y to send, despatch. 2. To show, 
to instruct. 3. To let alone, to allow to re- 
main. 4. To deliver up, to give a thing over 
to some one. 5. To give. 6. To stretch out 
the hand. 7. To give up to the mercy of the 
winds and waves. 8. To cast the fishing-net. 
Tuku ki iva, to set out, to go among strangers. 
9. To sink, to sink to the bottom. 10. To lie 
stretched out; extended; dead. Tukutuku 
(tukutuku)^ plural of the action ; tutuku {tu- 
tuku)y plural of the subject. 

Tukuga (tukuga)^ instruction. 

Tukutuku (tukutuku) t to weave, to warp : said 
of textiles only. 

TUKU, a piece of land. 

TUKUAKAEQUTU (tUkuaka^gutu), to confide a 
secret. Tukutukuaegutu (tukutukualgutu)^ plu- 
ral of the sbction ; tutukuaegutu (tutukva^gutu)^ 
plural of the subject. 

TUKUAKAIGOIQO, to pout, to look sour; to 
withdraw in the sulks. Cf . akaigoigo. 

TUKUAKANUNUI, to give much. 2. To send 
often. 3. To throw much. Cf. tuku and nui. 
Tukutukuakanunul, plural of the action; tu- 
tukuakanunui, plural of the subject. 

TUKUAKARIKIRIKI (tuku-aka-rmnki), to give 
little. 2. To throw or cast away little. 3. 
To leave alone by little and little. Tuku- 
tukuakarikiriki (tukutuku-aka-rikiriki)^ plural, 
of the action; tutukuakapikipiki Uutuku-aka- 
riHflki)^ plural of the subject. Ci. tiki. 

TUKU-A-TAO (tuku-a'tao)y to be or to put tmder 
a cloth more or less spread out. 

TUKU-A-TE-YA (tafew-ft-te-va), to insist on silence. 
Plural, tutuku-a-te-va. 




TUKUQA. See under tuku, 

TU KUQA-TAKAO, oral instniction. Gf . tuku and 

TUKU KIR ARO, to humiliate, to abase. 2. To 
bumble one's self ; to be lowly. 3. To rest, 
to lean. 4. To throw one's self on the ground. 
Cf. tuku and raro, Tukutukukiraro {tUkutUku^ 
kiraro), plural of the action ; tutukukiraro, 
plural of the subject. 

TUKUfiEl (tukurei), back against back : said 
when a person takes another by the arms in 
that position and lifts him up. Plural, tuku- 
tukurei {tukutukurei). 

TUKUROA (tukur7>a)j along cord brought from 
a distance to tie something up witjft. 2. To 
stretch out, to stretch to fullest extent. 3. 
To let alone, to delay, to protract time. Cf . 
tuku and roa. Tukutukuroa (tukuthkurha), 
plural of the action ; tutu ku roa {tutukurba), 
plural of the subject. 

TUKURU {tukhru), a pumpkin, a gourd. 

TUKURUA (tUkurua)y to send two and two. Cf. 
tuku and ma, 

TUKURURU, the cry of a sea-bird. 2. A cry to 
attract the nocturnal sea-birds, such as karako. 
3. Sobs, sobbing. 4. To cry with a loud voice. 

TUKUTAI (thkutai), to instruct a single person. 
Cf . tuku and tahi. 2. To send a single person. 
3. Single, not double or triple, &c. Plural, 
tukutukutai (thkutUkntai). 

TUKUTERE (tukutere), to set out with the inten- 
tion of committing suicide. Tukutukutere 
itUkutukutere), plural of the action ; tutukutere 
(tutukutlre)^ plural of the subject. 

TUKUTUKU. See under tuku. 2. A cry when 
one has been touched by a certain kind of 

TUKUTUKU-A-KEREKEREA (tukutuku-a-kere- 
kerea), rain falling in large drops and in great 

TUKUTUKU-YAKA-PITEKI,a game played with 
pieces of wood placed in the sea. 

TUMA (tuma)j the units above ten in the cardi- 
nal numbers, such as the 3 of 13. Syn. tou- 
hara. 2. Clay land ; close and compact soil. 

TUMAHU {tuniahu), a strong odour, good or bad. 

Tumahumahu {tumahunuihu)^ a stronger odour 
than is expressed by tumahu. Cf . mdhu. 

TUMAMAO (tuwiamao)^ to hold on the strain. 
Plural, tutumamao (tutumamaa), 

TUMARAGAI (tumaragai)^ a great number of 
persons standing up. 

Tumaramaragai {tumaramaragaijj to be a longer 
time standing than when tumaragai is used. 

TUMARU (tumaru)j to be shady, umbrageous: 
only used in reference to shade thrown by 
trees, plants, &c. Cf. maru. Plural, tutumaru 

TUMATATEQA, defiance. 2. Fear of being de- 
ceived or tricked. 3. Satiety, being satiated. 

Akatumatatega (aka-tumatat^ga), to guard one's 
^ life carefully so as to preserve it. 

tXUMATATOKA (tujnatathka), a bivalve shell-fish 
> found attached to the pearl-oyster. 

TUMATUMA, large and ooarse. 

TU ME I, the bread-fruit. See met and raA^. 

TUMEKIKI (tumeklki), to be leaning, inclined, 
slanting. Plural, tutu meki ki (tutumeMX^i). Cf. 

TU M I M I (tum%mi)t the name of a species of cray- 

TUMOTO, to slap, to beat. Tumotomoto {tumbto- 
rnbto), plural of the action; tutumoto {tutu- 
mbtojj plural of the subject. Cf. moto, 

TUMU itUmu)y the cause, origin. Gf. iupu, 2. 
The base, principle. 3. The source. 4. A 
stump. Cf. tupu. 5. The trunk of a tree. 
Cf. kotumUf nohutumu. 6. A prop, stay, sup- 
port ; Jbo sustain, to bear up. 7. Protection ; 
lostermg care. Ttimutumu (tumutumu), plural 
of tumu (noun). 8. A cold, a cough ; to cough. 
9. To take root ; to be rooted. Tumutumu 
(tumutumu)j plural of the action (of 8 and 9) ; 
tutumu, plural of the subject. 

Akatumu (aka-tumu)^ to appropriate a thing to 
one's sell. See akatumuahi. 

Tumutumu (tumutumu). See tumu. 2. Princi- 
pal, particular ; particularly, principally. 

TUMUEREi (tumuerei), the coco-nut palm. Cf. 
erehi^ vaierei, 

TUMUKAKAO {thmukakao)j a tuft of reeds. 

TU M U KERE (tumuk^e)^ the prop, sustainer : said 
of a deity. To sustain. 

TU M U M El KA (tamumAka)^ the banana. Cf . m^ika, 

TUMURAGI (tumurd,gi)t the horizon. Cf. tu and 

TUMURAKAU (tumurakd,u)t to root out, to drag 
away. 2. To chase or hunt completely away. 
Plural, tutumu rakau {tutumurakau). 

TUMUTO, the base of the sugar-cane. 2. A 
clump of sugar-cane. Cf. tumu and to, 

TUNATUNA {tunatUna), very dark; black. Cf. 

TUNONIKE-TUNONIKE, across, athwart. 

TUNU (tunu), to cook; to put to the fire to cook. 
2. To throw roughly down on the ground, or 
from a high place to a lower one. Tunutunu 
(tunutunu)f plural of the action; tutunu (tu- 
tunu)y plural of the subject. 

Tunuga {tunuga)^ the action of tu/nu, 

TUO (tuo), to speak a long time to a person 
without getting an answer. Tuotuo {tuottio)^ 
plural of the action ; tutuo (tutuo), plural of 
the subject. 

TUONU (tuibrm), the third crop of bread-fruit. 
See tuavera, 

TUORE (tutyre), spoilt bread-fruit. 2. To fly 
rapidly : said of a bird. Plural, tutu ore (tu- 

TUORO (tubro)f the name of certain small fishes. 
2. The passage of clouds over one land to an- 

Akatuoro (aka-tuoro), to rough-hew on one side. 

TUOROPIHE, a burst of laughter. 2. A great 
noise of conversation. 

TUORO RUGA, a head shaved so that there is no 
appearance of hair. 




TUPA (TUpa), the name of the yoaoger hrother 
of Noa who (according to legend) came from 
afar to the people of Mangareva. See Noa, 
2. The name of a man who is the legendary 
builder of a wall between Eonakn and Te- 

TUPA, a drum formed by two bamboos joined 

TUPA I, to beat, to strike. 

TUPAKOHE, a case, a small box. 

TUPAKU {tup^ku)f cloudy weather; olondy and 

TUPAKURA, having long sight. 

TUPA PA (tuphpa)^ a shinb, having hard wood 
and small leaves. 2. A. club, a weapon. 

TUPAPAKU (tupaphku), a corpse, the body of a 
dead person. 2. A sick person. 

TUPARA (tupHra), bread-fruit that has ripened 
on the tree and is soft when it falls. Ct.para, 

TUPARARI, to be like a jelly when it falls. Gf. 
tupara and para. 

TUPATA (tupdto), a large bag made of pandanns 

TUPATUPA {mpampa), to be vigorous, full of 
life : said of trees and plants. 

TUPEIURU {tupHuru)f to amuse one's self by 
talking instead of working. 

Akatupeiuru {aka'tupeiuru)^ to pass one's time 
in doing notning, or in idle conversation. ' 

TUPERE {tup^reju to scrape, to clear away by 
rubbing. 2. To prattle, tattle ; to chatter 
frivolously. Tu perepere {tup^repere) , plural of 
the action; tutupere (tutuphre), plural of the 

TUPEREAPIPI {tUpereapipi), a great chatterbox ; 
a babbler. 

TUPEREATOTA, the name of a shell fish. 

TUPERU, the breast, teat, nipple. 

TUPETA (tiipita)^ the flippers of a turtle. 

TUPIRO (tupiro), the name of a fish. 

TUPO (tupo), a package of goods, or of maa. 2. 
A ball ol thread. 8. To sleep a long time 
during daylight. Of. totupo. 4. To throw, to 
throw a ball, to throw a stone, &o, Tupotupo 
{tupotupo)f to repeat the action of throwing ; 
tutupo (tutUpo), plural of the subject. 

TUPONAHO {tupon^ho), stony. 2. A pUce where 
there is little soil. 3. A sinking ; a hollow 
place in the ground. 

TUPOU (tupdtt), to stoop, to abase one's self; to 
bend. Of. tugou, tupoupotui. 2. To be bent 
behind: said of calalmshes in which the 
opening is recurved downwards. Tupoupou 
(tuptmpibu)^ plural of the action ; tutupou (tu- 
tuptm), plural of the subject. 

TUPOUAKAIYAIYA (tvpauakdivalva), to reject 
with disdain. Plural, tutupouakaivaiva (tu- 
tupouakalvaXva) . 

TUPOUPOU A (tu|>dup2ma), to be iU and unable 
to stand upright. Gf . tvpou, 

TUPOURI (tupburi)t obscure, sombre; darkness: 
It is night." Ct po,p<mri, 



TUPU {thpu)t the best or worst: used concern- 
ing men, or bad qualities. 2. Mouldy, rotten. 
8. The trunk, as of a tree. Of. tumu, 4. The 
root. 5. The base, principle. 6. To grow, to 
spring up, as plants. 7. To conceive, to be- 
come pregnant. Tuputupu {tUputupu), plural 
of the action of verb ; tutupu {ttUupu), plural 
of the subject. Tifpu te ra, noon ; tupu te po, 

Akatupu (aha-ttLpu)^ to cause to grow, as plants. 
2. To niake the soil good. 8. To conceive, to 
become pregnant. 4. Food, plentifully dis- 
tributed. Plural, akatuputupu (aka'tuputupu), 

Akatuputupu (dka'tuputupu)^io'be assembled in 
great numbers. 2. To be facile in speech, of 
good address. 

Tutupu, a coco-nut palm that has oonmienced 
to spring up. 

TUPU A (tUpua)^ very great, very large; very 

thick. 2. Principal, chief. 3. Wise ; a wise 

man. 4. The master of an art ; the teacher 

' of a doctrine. 5. A large turtle (generally a 


TU PU H i . See akatupuhi, 

TUPUNA {tupuna)t grandfather, grandmother; 
great-uncle, &o. 

TUPUNU (tupunu), cloth of plaited papyrus 

TURA {tura)f the name of a tree. 

TURA-TE-MATA, to form evil desires or inten- 

TU R AQA. See under tu, 

TURAHA {turhha)^ the rays of the sun. 2. 
Morning dew. 3. Humidity. 

TURAHU (turhhu), to burn, to put into the fire. 
Turaturahu {turhturhhu)^ plural of the action; 
tutu rah u (tuturhhu), plural of the subject. Of. 

TURAKAQA {turaiatga)^ destruction of a people 
by deadly sickness. Gf . raka, 

TURAKI (turhki), to turn upside down, to re- 
verse. 2. To throw down ; to hurl down. 
Turaturaki (turhturhki), plural of the action; 
tuturaki {tuturhH), plural of the subject. 

TURATURA (turatura), the name of a fish. 

TURE, the law. Gf. turevare. 2. To go some- 
where else. 

TUREI (turhi^, to escape from the hook. 2. Not 
to be bindmg : said of a marriage. Tureirei 
(turHrH)y plural of the action ; tuturei {tuturH)^ 
plural of the subject. 

TUREI HE MO, to be very ignorant; very useless, 

TUREKA (tureka), to cut maa up in pieoes. 2. 
To have said everything. Plural, tutureka 

TUREKA, to eat. 

TUREYA. See akatureva. 

TU R EY A R E, ignorant ; incapable. Of. ture and 

TURI {turi)t the knees. Gf. kotuH, nohoiteturi, 
2. A noise, a sound. Gf. teturi. 

Akaturi (aka-turi), to recompense by satisfying 
a person's wishes or desires : AkatvH-katt to 




make a present of food bo as to entice a 

Turituri (tuntUri)^ a noise. 2. Conversation. 

3. Glamorous, load; fatigning with noise. 

4. An exclamation: *' Silence!" ''What a 
noise I *' 

Akaturituri (aka-tUritUri), to make a great 
noise; clamorous. 

TURIKI {turiki)t the generation next preceding 
the grandfather. 

TU R I KOPI A, to walk along with the knees turned 
in and the legs apart. Gf. turif kopu 

TURITAHAQA, a confused noise of every one 
talking at the same time. 

TURITURI. See under turi, 

TURORI (turbri)^ to shake, to be disturbed ; not 
to be firm on its base. 2. To roll, to jog, to 
heave, to sway from side to side, to pitch. 3. 
To carry. Tuporirori (turbrirbri), plural of the 
action; tuturori, plural of the subject. Gf. 

Tupopj, rolling, heaving. 2. A game played by 
children in the water. 3. The name of a 

Tuporipori {turMrbri), to be inconstant, un- 

AkatupOPiPOPi (aka-tufbrirbri)y to cause to stag- 
ger or totter. 2. To make undecided. 3. To. 
shake ; to cause to shake. 

TURORO {turbro)j the cream of cooked coco-nut. 
Gf . roro, 

TUROU (turbu), a great sacrilege, or blasphemy 
against religion. 2. Treason against the 
ruling power. 

TUROU (turbu), to be unable to remain awake. 
TuPOuPOU (turburbu), plural of the action; 
tutupou (tuturbu)y plural of the subject. 

Akatupoupou (aka-turburbu), to yield entirely to 
the desire for sleep ; to grow drowsy. 2. The 
cry of joy, **Akel akil akul" when some 
person has missed his aim. 

TUROU, a round figure ; the circle made by a 
thing which is turned quickly. 

TURU {turu)y a rod or staff. 2. A supporter ; 
that which sustains, as the leg of a table or 
bedstead ; a person that sustains, feeds, or 
protects another ; to sustain ; to aid ; to prop. 
Tuputupu {turuturu)y plural of action of verb; 
tutupu {tuturu)j plural of the subject. 

Tupuga {turuga)y aid, protection; the act of 
sustaining or supporting. 

Akatupu {aka-turu)f to conduct water by a 
canal or drain. 2. To prop up, stay, support. 
3. To cause to eat popoi with large mouth- 
f uls ; to allow the popoi liquid to flow with- 
out interruption. Akatuputupu {aka-turururu), 
plural of the action ; akatutupu (aka-tuturu), 
plural of the subject. 

Tuputupujastaff; aTod; a baton. 2. The tibia; 
the shin ; a shin-bone. 3. Help, relief, suc- 

TURU A (turua)y a pillow for the head. 

TURU A (tvrrua), to be composed of two tub- 
stances. Of. mat tutai, paruat tvrua. 

TURUQA. See under turu. 

TURUHURUTOKA, the pUes on each side of a 
door, the jamb of a door. (AIbo turuunUoka.) 

TU R U M A. See akaturuTna. 

TURUTURU. See under turu. 

TURUTURUTAYAKE, the rays of the sun. 

TURUURUTOKA, the same as turuhurutoka, 

TUTAE {tutd,e)y excrement ; fssces. Gf. Hkotutae. 
2. A place where there is excrement. 3. Dirty, 


Akatutae (aka-tut^), to dirty, to soil. 2. To 
dishonour, to abase. 3. To dishonour one's 
self by bad conduct. 

TUTAEKIORE (tutae-kiore), the name of a tree. 

2. The dung of rats. 

TUTAE POPOTU, the excrement of cockroaches. 

TUTAEPUAKA,a plant of which the berry sticks 
to clothes. 2. The shock or crash of waves. 

3. The dung of pigs. 

TUTAEYETA (tutae-vHa)y the excrement of new- 
born infants ; meconium. 

TUTAGA, the name of the isle nearest to Manga- 

TUTAI, to be composed of a single substanoe. 
Gf . tahi, turua, 2. To be alone. 

TUTAKI, to join ; to meet. 2. To meet with. 3. 
To accompany. 4. To frequent the society of 
a person ; to associate with. Tutakitaki, plural 
of the action ; tututaki, plural of the subject. 

AkatutakI (aka-tuib.k%)y to join together two ob- 
jects, to unite. 

Akatutakitaki (aka-tutakitaki), to join together 
more than two objects or subjects. 

TUTAKI RU A, to strike together, as two canoes 
in collision. Syn. parua. 

TUTATA {tutata), to be near to; in proximity. 
Plural, tututata (tuUitata). 

TUTAU, a term of honour, applied to the eldest 
daughter of a family. 

TUTE (tUte), the splashing of waves ; to break 
or splash, as waves. 2. A squall, a sadden 
storm. 3. To pull out maa from the hole 
carelessly. 4. To take out anything from a 
place without care or precaution. Tutetute 
(tutetute)j plural of the action ; tutute (tu- 
tateV plural of the subject. Tute a matagi, 
witn the wind. 

Tutetute (tUtetUte), to go suddenly and precipi- 
tantly into a place. 

TUTEHU (tui^hu)y an exclamation to urge a per- 
son to run quickly or do anything quickly. 
2. To run swiftly. Tutehutehu, plural of the 
action ; tututehu (tututehu), plural of the sub- 

TUTERE (tut^e), to sail: said of many canoes 
and vessels. Gf. tere, Tutepetepe (t«tet«ter#), 
plural of the action; tututepe (tututh'e)^ plural 
of the subject. Hounuku-tuteret to go to a 


TUTETEATEA, smoke that mounts in great un- 
dulations, impelled by the wind. 2. Bain 
falling in waving oloudd, driven by the wixid. 
Of. Uatea (2). 




TUTEATEA-KI-RUQA, a white squaU appearing 
in the distance. Ct tea, 2. A deluge of rain. 
Cf. teatea (2). 

TUTOHE {tutbhe), to have all arrived. 2. To be 
apportioned, all served : said of food. Plural, 
tutohetohe (tutbhet7)he), 

TUTOHURI {tutohuri), to lean, to incline to one 
side. Cf. tohurij huri, Ac. Plural, tututohupi 

TUTU (tutu), a torch, flambeau, candle ; any- 
thing of the kind that gives light. Cf . ratutu- 
tutu, 2. The instrument for beating papyrus 
into cloth. Cf . tutua. Plural of above nouns, 
tutututu (tUtututu). 3. To beat into bark 
cloth. 4. To set fire to, to burn. Cf . turahu. 
5. To leap, to give a start, to tremble. Tutu- 
tutu (tutututu), plural of the action of verbs ; 
tututu (tututu), plural of the subject. 6. The 
name of a shrub. 

Tutututu (tutututu), heat; to be very warm: 
said of the heat of the sun only. 2. Ennui, 
languor, weariness. 3. Excessive ; beyond 
limit. 4. Expressly; absolutely. 

TUTU. See under tu, 

TUTUA, the woodfen instrument used in making 
bark cloth. Cf. tutu. 

TUTUAHU, equal, alike: said of two persons 
only. Syn. tuturatougatahi. 

TUTUATOO (tutuatbo), a kind of itch, provoking 
large pustules to appear deep in the skin. 

TUTU I. See under ewi. 

TUTU IRA, some land of a strange people know^^- 
in ancient legends. ^ "^ 

TUTU MARIE, complete, entirely complete. 2. 
An exclamation : " That is certain." 

TUTU N A, the bulb of the erega plant. 

TUTU PA (tutupa), the name of a large kind of 

TUTUPU. See under tw^m. 

TUTU RATOUGATAH I (tuturatougatahi). Syn. 

TUTURAUGATAHI (tuturaugatahi). Syn. tutu- 

TUTUTUTU. See under tutu. 

TUTUTUTUAHI, to light several times, to set fire 
to on many occasions. Cf. tutu and ahi. 

TUVA! (tuvai), the temples (of the head). 

TUVAOYAU, of tall stature; a person of tall 


U (m), the breast ; the nipple. 2. Milk. 3. 
barking, baying ; to bark. 4. Cheers of mock- 
ery or contempt. 6. To shout after, to hoot 

Akau (aka-u), to commence: said of a sick- 
ness. 2. To offer, to present. 3. The low- 
lands, the shore 

Uu, an exclamation: "Lookl" "Look here!" 
2. To slip, to glide easily. 3. To break wind 

UA, the parts of generation. 2. The genital 
glands. 3. The thighs. 4. When employed 
alone it denotes plurality, a conjoint plurality. 

Uaga (uaga), efflorescence ; the blooming-time 
of flowers. 2. Abundance of fruit. 3. Be- 
tween the thighs. 

UA (ua), rain. Cf. ragiua, Uamakamiki, fine 
ram. 2. A ball ; a hand-ball for games. 

Uaua (uaua), a rainy sun, giving more than 
ordinary heat. 2. A tendon. 3. A vein. 

Uaua, a small portion ; a little piece. Cf. ua- 

Akauaua (aka-haua), not to listen to counsel or 

advice ; deaf to reason. 
UAGAKE (uagake), of short stature; low in 

height. Cf . uaua. 

UAI (uai). to sink a piece of wood into ground 
where there are no stones. 2. To make a 
lever get a purchase under a stone. 3. To 
push a canoe or raft into the water. Cf. vai, 

UAIHAGA (uaihaga), to sink the basket for 
taJsing fish. 

UAIKAI (uaikhi), to take food (maa) from the 
hole. Cf . kat. 

UAIRUA (uairua), to weave like twill, double- 
milled. Cf. vutai. 

UAITAI (Uaitai), to weave with simple warp and 
woof. Cf. tahi, uarua. 

UAITI, retention of urine; stricture. 

UAKAI, one who gathwB fruit before it is ripe; 
a waster of fruit. 

UAREKA (uarlka), the name of a tree. 

UATA, a cross-piece of wood on a hand-net. 

Akauata, to carry somewhere else; to trans- 
port. 2. A piece of wood that supports^the 
circle of a net. 

UATAGAMARIE, to dispose with care : Uata 
marie te keu, To prepare carefully for the fight. 

U ATU, a variety of banana. Cf . huatu. See tova£- 

UAUA. See under ua. 

UE (lie), a lever; to lift with a lever, or anything 
used as a lever. 2. To drive any one away 

* from the land on which he has settled. Plural, 
ueue (iieue). Cf. urukeke. 

Akaue (aka-ue), to demand, to ask for. 2. To 
carry orders. 3. To ordain ; to regulate ; to 
direct. 4. To call to war ; a call to war, a 
muster, a levy ; he who caJls to war. 

Akauea (aka-uea), loose, slackened, not rigid. 

UeitepapatahutihutI, to root up ; to be torn up 
by the root ; to fall. 

USA, to send, to despatch. Ugauga, plural of 
the action and of the persons sent. 

UGAUGA, crumbs, little pieces. Cf. huga. 

Akaugauga (aka-ugauga), not to be able to cook 

. Uha 



UHA, the thigh, the breech. Cf. huha. E ma- 
tagi no te uha^ with the wind aft. 

Akauhauha (aka-uhauha)y to make efforts to go 
to stool ; to strain to evacuate the bowels. 

UHE, a calabash still on the plant, not gathered. 

2. The name of a fish. 3. A cry of impatience, 
of contempt. Cf . uhere. 

U HERE, a cry of impatience, of contempt. Cf. 

UHI, the yam. 

UHi, to extinguish fire with water ; to put linen 
or cloth to soak. 

Uhiuhi, to cover over. 2. To hide, to conceal. 

3. To fill in the spaces between the stones of 
an arch with smaller stones. 

U HO, the pith of trees: by extension the soft 
part of any interior, such as the crumb of a 
loaf, &o. Plural, uhouho. 

UHOREQA {uhoriga)t the name of one kind of 

UHU, the name of three fish, generally found 

., together. 2. Fish that can be taken with the 

kavei, 3. To disappear. 4. To gather fruit, 

berries, (&c., without breaking them from the 

stalk. 5. To obtain a thing for one's self. 

UHUATE {uhuate)t the name of a fish. 

UHU RE, to open. 2. To uncover. 3. To unfold* 
to unroll. 

UHUTI, to pull up by the roots. Cf. hutihuti. 

[}\Jui)f to' ask, beg, request. 2. To question. 
Cf . eui. 3. To gather with the hand. Cf . iiui. 
Plural, uiui {itiui), 

Ul Al, to ask for with exactitude and repeatedly. 

U I U I, to cover over. 2. See under ui. 

UK A, to hold firmly in the ground. Cf. niauka- 
uka. 2. To be difficult to root up or to cut 
down. 3. To hold firmly to an opinion ; ad- 
hering stedfastly ; holding fast. 

Akauka (akauka)y to force from ; to pull away ; 
to strain to expel from a place. 

Ukauka {ukauka)^ hard to chew, difficult to 
bruise with the teeth. 

U KA, froth that comes from the mouth. Cf . uka- 
hare^ huka. 

Ukauka, froth that comes from the mouth or 
nose of drowned persons. 

UKAHARE, decay, rottenness; filth that exists 
from the decay of a house. Cf . vka and hare, 

UKAU, the scanty bark of the tumei. 

UKAUKA. See uka (to hold firmly), and uka' 

UK I, to stir the fire, to break the fire with a stick, 
^c. Cf . huki. 2. To allude to ; to make re- 
marks on. 

Ukiuki, a sinking down; a breaking-in of a 
surface. 2. Pains, shooting pains. 3. Pains 
of childbirth. 

UKIAKE, to stir the fire from above with a pole. 

UKOU (t^X;du), swellings, bloatedness ; to swell 
up. Plural, ukoukou (ukdukbu), 

UKUI (ukui\t to wipe, to wipe off. 2. To scrape, 
to Bcratcn. 

Ukukui, to wipe for a long time or mrany times. 

UMAQAHA (umhgctha), to have a pain in the 
stomach after eating. 

UMAYAKAYAKA, the centre of the bosom; be- 
tween the breasts. Cf . vakavaka, 

UME, the name of a fish that has a horn. See 

UME. See akaumeume, 

UMERE {um^re)t a train, a retinue of followers. 
2. To accompany one's superior. 3. To walk 
in a crowd of others. Plural, umeumere (ume- 

UMI, a species of sea-calf. 

UMOKO, one kind of priest attendant on images 
of the gods. 2. A sacred person. 

UMU, the name of a fish : it is thick in propor- 
tion to its length, and is black. 

UMU (umu)f a native oven. Cf. areumu^ uruumu, 
pakuumu, Piro umu ahi^ heavy sweat, like 
that of an oven. 

Akaumu (aka-Umu), to put or cause something 
to be put into a heated oven, on to the heated 

UMUHUKE {umuhUke), to hate<^ one's social su- 
periors. 2. Vengeance; reprisals. 

UNA (una), to hide. Cf. atahuna, 2. To chew 
one's words, to mouth words. 3. To stam- 
mer; to falter; to pronounce badly. 4. To 
speak with timidity and embarrassment. 
Unauna (unauna) shows prolonged action. • 

Unaga (unaga), the action of una, 

Unauna, to hide habitually. 

UNAQAKOTAYA (wnagakotava), a pantry, safe, 
place for keeping food. 

UN AH I (unahi), the scale of a fish; to remove 
the scales. Unahiga (unahlga), the action of 
removing the scales, &c. 

Unaunahi, small scales. 

UNAUNA. See under una. 

UNEHE, small, dwarfish; a dwarf: used of 
fruit, bread-fruit, men, &c. Cf. nehe. 

UNEUNE (uneune)j a resounding drum. 

UNU (unu), a piece of wood used as a mark of a 
fishmg-ground. 2. A piece of wood on which 
one throws himself into the sea. 3. To drink. 
Cf. unuvai, 4. To eat porridge or soup. 

Unuunu, to mark with a piece of wood a place 
one does not wish crowded. 

UNUGA-VAI, a drink, a beverage. Cf. unu and 
vai. 2. The action of drinking. 

U N U H I, to take off ; to pull off or out ; to change 
one's dress. 2. To carry off somewhere. 
Plural, unuunuhi. 3. To draw a knife, Ac. 

UNUHiUA, to drag away everything; to pull 
everything out or off. Cf . unu. 2. To finish, 
to end; to achieve. Plural, unuunuhiua. 

UNUUNUKOKE, passing, transitory; dwelling 
for a short time in a place. 

UO, the sound of words spoken right into th/B 

UouG, the bass notes of the marine oonch-shell. 

UOKE, to be disobedient ; deaf from stubborn- 
ness (for hu oke). Cf. uoko. 




UOKOj he]bdstrong, wilful, stubborn. Cf. ttoke. 

UOUO. See under uo. 

UPAKI. Qeeakaupaki. 

U POKO, the head of a man or animal. [Oho is 
used as the head of a man only.] Cf . uto- 

Akaupoko {aka-up7)ko)y to swim on the surface: 
said of a fish that lifts its head. Plural, aka- 
upoupoko {aka-upbupbko), 

UPOKOROA, one who sleeps <}onstantly, a slug- 

URA, a flame ; to bum. Cf. aura^ rarmra, kana- 
kanaura, 2. A kind of cray-fish. 3. A lobster. 
Cf. kovakeura. 

Akaura (aka-ura), to light, to set fire to. 2. To 
burn, to inflame. 3. To blow the fire. Plural, 
akauraura (aka-uraura), 

Uraura {uraura)^ quick leaping flames. 2. An 
inflamed countenance. 3. On fire, in flames ; 
ignited. 4. To burn for a long time. 

URARi {urari)t to rumple, to wrinkle. 2. To be 
broken ; trodden under foot, ruined. 

Urarirari, to be altogether broken up and 
ruined. Cf. ururari, 

UREj the male organ, the penis of a man. Syn. 

Akaurega (aka-ur^a)^ an opening, a chink. 

UREi, to uncover the eye by doubling back the 
upper and lower eyelids. 

Akaurei, to uncover the eye when some small 
object has got into it. 

URETE, a cry to cause fear. Syn. Ute ! Cf. 

URI, to turn upside-down; to reverse. Cf. hurt. 

2. The rudder or helm. 3. The name of a 
small fish. 4. To throw the leaf-fillet in fish- 
ing. 5. To accuse some one so as to excuse 
one's self ; to throw the wrong on another ; 
to traduce. Cf. akatouri, mouri. Uri kopu 
noa nanatUy to '*go as you please," not in 
regular order. 

Uriaga, the action of turning in sleep. 

A kauri (aka-uri), to cause to turn ; to turn 
over ; to present another face. 

A kauri uri (aka-Uriuri), to keep turning, to re- 
volve continually. 

URIQARU, to be tossed about, turned over and 
over by the force of waves. Cf , uri, garu. 

URIKE-URIKE, to doubt, to hesitate. 2. Some- 
times one way, sometimes another. 

URI URI {uriuri), very dark; black. Cf. auriuri, 
pouri, 2. Tne colour of the deep sea; also 
said of bright, vivid colours. 

Akauriuri (aka-uriUri), to make blue, to tint 

UROKU, the name of a shrub. 

U R U {uru) , south-west. 2. The south-west wind. 

3. Th6 nature, the kind, species. Cf. hum. 

4. The hair on the body. Of. huru. 5. A fea- 
ther. Cf. huru, 6. The name of a handsome 
shade-tree. 7. To repair a mat by weaving 
or patching pieces in. 8. To cry out on ac- 
count of the presence of a god. 

Akauru (aka-uru), to replace the old links in a 
chain. 2. To put new flowers or ornaments 
in a garland made some time before. 3. To 
attempt to enter or advance. 4. To make 
vegetation flourish. 5. To stuff, to cram ; to 
stuff an animal. Plural, akauru uru (aku-uru- 

Uru uru iuruiiru), the eyebrows; the eyelashes. 
2. The hair on the body. Cf . rouru. 3. A fila- 
ment, thread. 4. The root of the H {Cordy- 
line) plant. 

URU-I-TE-MOANA, to duck a person in the sea. 

URU A {urua)f the name of a large and hand- 
some fish, a scomber. 

URUQA (urUga), a pillow. 

Akauruga (aka-uruga), a pillow, a bolster. 2. 
To put the head down on the bed. Akauru- 
uruga {aka-uruuruga), plural of the action; 
akaurufi[a-akauruga (aka-uruga-aka-untga), an- 
other plural of the action. 

URUHARA (uruhSirajf to regret; to sigh; to 
weep suddenly. 

URUKAKEYA, a term of contempt towards poor 

URUKE, to rail at. Plural, urukeuruke. 

Urukeke, alever. Ct.ue. 

Urukeke {urukeke) , to chase away with a stick. 
2. To raise with a lever. 

U R U M A N U (urumd^nu) , common people ; the 
herd ; poor. 2. A feather. Cf . uru and manu. 

URUNUI (urunui), to be feeble, sluggish; slow 
in moving when awakened. Uruurunui (uru- 
urunui) denotes a stronger action than uru- 

URUPATIU, west a quarter south; the wind 
west a quarter south. Cf . tiu. 

URUPATOQA, south a quarter west; the wind 
south a quarter west. Cf . toga. 

URUPAU, the gunnel of a canoe. 

Urupaupau (urapauphu), the seat in the stern of 
a canoe. Cf . urutago. 

U R U R A R I , to spoil, to waste. 2. To overthrow ; 
to swallow up ; to destroy entirely. 

URUREKA (ururlka), to have confidence in; to 
trust to. 

URUROA (Urur'ba), of great dignity. -2. Of good 
quality, rich. 

URURU (ururu), to catch in the teeth: said of 

URUTAGO (urutago), to make a seat on a raft. 
Cf. urupau. 

URUTARA, to be repugnant. 2. To be spiny 
bossy. Cf. tara. Plural, uruurutara (uruUru- 

URUTE, cries to frighten and cause fear. Cf. 
urete, ute. 

URUTE A (urut^)y scattered, spread here and 
there : only said of white things. Cf. tea. 

URUTU (urutu), to be satiated. 

URUTUPU (urutifpu), the cranium; the top of 
the head. 

URUUA (uruua), to have a fever. 2. To be pos- 
sible to pass on, to continue. Plural, uru- 
uruua (uruuruua). 




URUUMU, tongB. 2. A pole for stirring the 
stones of the oven. Cf . utnu, 

URUURU. See under uru. 

UTA (uta), an expression denoting "towards 
the mountain/* when on land ; *' towards the 
land/' when at sea. Cf. rauta. 2. To carry 
over-seas to land. Plural, utauta. 

Utaga {ut!iga)t a large cargo. 2. A great num- 
ber of buncnes of coco-nuts on a p^lm. 

Akauta {aka-uta)^ to carry from sea to land. 
2. To put things one on the other. Plural, 
akautauta {aka-utaUta), Akauta-tupapakUy fu- 
neral ceremonies : to hold a funeral feast 
while the corpse is present. 

UTAUTA, the cries of chickens and small birds 
in the nest. 

UTE, a small kind of papyrus. Cf . eute. 2. A 
war-cry, to impress with fear : '* Ute I ute I 
ute ! " See ureUy uruU^ uteu, 

UTEU, a cry to incite others : ** Uteu I *' 



UTIUTI (utt&ti), to pull up, stalk by stalk. Cf. 

UTO {fitoV the marrow of the bones. 2. The 
yolk of an egg. 3. Flesh in the form of an 
egg found in old coco-nuts. Plural, utouto 

\ cries to incite others. 

UTOHUPOKO, the brains. Cf. uto and upclko. 

UTU (t^tu), a sign of the^ plural, placed before 
substantives and sometimes before verbs. 2. 
Much, many (when followed by a substan- 

UTU (Utv^t a presage, a prediction ; augury. 2. 
A great occurrence ; an emergency ; a crisis. 
3. The name of a tree. 

UTUA-KERIKERI {utua-klHktri), the season of 
the year about February. 

UTUAKI (utuUki), to follow, to go after, to come 
after: only said of food (maa) brought on 
when the first portion is finished. 

UTU H i {^tuh%)t to draw water. 2. To give a new- 
born mfant food. Utuutuhi (uiuutuhi)^ plural 
of the action ; uutuhi (uutUhi)^ plural of the 

UTUTU (utUtu)j to groan, to moan concerning 
the death of a person. 

Utuutu, to mourn, to groan, to bewail. 

UU. See under u. 

UUATE, the name of a handsome fish. 

UUI, a slice. 2. A bunch, a row (a bunch grow- 
ing as bananas grow, like the fingers of a 
hand). 3. A package ; a bundle. Cf. tti, 

UUTI, to sew leaves together. 


YA (vd), to speak, to hold conversation. Cf. 
a/ia, vaha. 2. -To produce sound with the 
voice. Cf. varaga. Plural, vava. 

Yaraga {yarhga)^ conversation, familiar dis- 

Akava {aka-va)^ to judge, to pass sentence. 2. 
To talk, converse. 

Akavaraga (aka-varaga)y verdict, judgment. 

VAE (vae)f to choose, to select. Vaevae {vhevhe)^ 
plural of the action ; vavae, plural of the sub- 

Yaega(t;adpa), choice. Ci.vahe, 2. The centre; 
in the middle; in the midst. 

VAEQA-PU, in the middle. 

YAH A {vhha)t a space, an open portion. 2. An 
interval or clearing in a forest. Cf. kovaha. 
3. To put one's self in evidence. 4. Not to be 
finished: said of a piece of work. Plural, 

Akavaha (aka'Vaha)^ to form an interyal. 

Yahaga, the remaining portion of a day or of 
an epoch. Plural, vavahaga (vavahdiga). 

VAHE| one of the crew of a canoe. 2. To sepa- 
rate, to cleave, to split. Cf. vaha^ vahi, vae, 
vact vavaehe. 

Yavahe, to cleave, to split ; to out. 

YAH I [v(lthi), a place, apart; a certain point: 
Vaht ara gtigu, a strong place. 2. To split, 
to cleave ; to out off. Cf . vahe^ vae, vehie. 2. 
To pat food into small portions. Yahivahi 

(vhhiv(iki)t to cut into smaller portions than 
is expressed by vahi. Yavahi, plural of the 

YAHI-HOHONU, a deep place: said in speaking 
of the sea, &c. Cf . hohonu. 

YAHIKOKO, a valley, a hollow ; a sunken place. 
Cf . koko. 

YAHI0H03H0, a level place, not rugged or 

YAH ITAPU, a prohibited place ; a place regarded 
as sacred. Cf. tapu, 

YAHO, out; wiiihout, outside. Cf. takavaho. 

YAI, water. Cf. taetavai, uai^ unuvai^ vaiakae, 

Vaivai (v^iveti), moist, humid. Qi.vekiveki, 2. 
Semen humanum. Cf. vekiveki (2). 

Akavaivai {aka'Vaivhi)^ to speak in a very low 
tone. 2. To whisper into the ear of another. 
3. To be moistened ; to steep. 

Akavaivairaga (aka-vaivairaga)^ confession. 2. 
To whisper and speak low to another person. 

VAIA {va\a)y to announce, to declare, to inform. 
Plural, vavaia (vavaia). 

VAIAKAE, the Deluge. 

YAIE (vale), water which lies stagnant in places 
otherwise dried up. 

VAiEA (valea)y water which oozes out from 
underground. Ct ea, 

YAI EH U (taiehu), water that has been stirred 
up. Cf . ehu* 




YA I ER El (vdtierei), water in a coco-nut. Of. erehij 

YAiEROERO (xattrdtro), a prattler, a babbler; a 
preacher. To preach; to propagate a doc- 
trine, trae or false. Floral, vavaieroero (va- 

VAIHI, a kind of sweet potato : kumara-vaihu 

YAIKAVA (vhi-kHiva), bitter water. [Now used 
for brandy or other spirit.] 2. To be ongrate- 
fol, forgetful of past kindness. 

Yaikavaraga (vHkavaraga)^ ingratitude. 

YAIKURA {vdti'kura)y red water. 

VAiMAQA, water which has its sonrce in the 
monntain. Gf . maga, 

VAiPU (vhipu), a pond. 

YAIPUNA (vhipuna)^ water which springs from 
among stones. 2. A mnddy source. 

YAIPURUKAHA, water from coconut butter. 

VAIREQA {vhir^ga)t water tinged with a yellow 
colour. Of. rega, 2. A gathering of persons 
to collect the starch-granules of rega. 

YAI RU A (vairua), to sew anew. Yaivairua (vai- 
vairua), plural of the action; vavairua (vavai- 
rua)t plural of the tubject. Cf. rua. 

YAITAI, a mixture of salt and fresh water; 
brackish water. Cf . tai, 

YAITI, the juice or sap of ti, 2. The name of a 

YAiTO, sugar ; water of the sugar-cane. Cf. to. 

YAIYAIA, to be rude and rough in speech. 2. A 
scoundrel ; a good-for-nothing fellow. 

YAK A (vhka)y a canoe. 2. A raft. 3. A roof. 
4. The courses of papyrus that are beaten to- 
gether. 5. A cow [modern] . 

Yakavaka, the breast. Cf. vmavakavaka. 2. 
E matagi no te vakavaka^ to go with full sail ; 
a good beam-wind. 

YAKAKURA, a precious, life-giving thing. Of- 
akakura, atakurakara, ekekura^ puakura. 

YAKAMAORIj a very large canoe. 2. A ship. 

YAKAROA ivakarba)f a long cross-piece. 2. 
Pieces oi wood or stone placed crosswise. 
3. Threads which are not in the woof of a 
tissue. Plural, vakavakaroa (vakavStkarba), 

A^ YANA {vhna)y the sea-urchin, sea-hedgehog 

YANAQA {vanaga)j a herald, one who bears a 
message or proclamation. 2. An orator. 3. 
A prayer of the taura (priest). 4. The person 
who incites or rouses the others at the funeral 
ceremonies. Cf . ettiavanaga, 5. A noise, hub- 
bub, tumult. 6. To name again and again, 
to znake famous. 7. To pass on the news. 

Yanavanaga {va'nhvanaga)^ the sound of a high 
voice ; conversation carried on in a high key. 
2. A diminutive of vanaga, 

YAO (v^), uninhabited lands ; lands unplanted 
and uncultivated. 2. A plain ; open country 
without trees. 3. Belationship ; family. Ci. 

YAOKE, not to be of the same race or family. 
Cf . vao and ke, 

YARAQA. See under va^ 

YARAKA {parhka)y to know, to understand. '3. 
To find out, to discover. 3. To entrap on the 
march ; to attack when on the march. Yaraka- 
raka {yarhkarhkaV plural of the action; va- 
varaka (vav(iraka)t plural of the subject. 

Akavaraka {aka'varaka)^ to show, to point out ; 
to make another understand. 

YARAKAMATA (varhkam^ta)^ to search out a 

YARAYARA, thin, thinly sown ; lightly scattered. 

Akavaravara {aka-vhravara)^ thin, clear; to 
break, as daylight. 2. To space, to make an 
interval; to put clear of each other in dis- 
tance. 3. Clear to view, not obscured. 

YARE (v^re), a gummy exudation from the eyes. 
Cf . matavare. 2. A gummy moisture on cer- 
tain trees and fish. 3. Glue, bird-lime, &q, 

YARE (v^re), inattention. 2. Forgetf ulness ; to 
forget. Cf . turevare. 3. To remain ; to exist ; 
not to disappear. Yarevare {v^rev^re)^ plural 
of the action ; vavare (vavhre), plural of the 

Akavare (aka-vhre), to retard, to delay. 2. To 
defer, to put off. 3. To remain behind ; to 
keep in the rear. 4. To be long ; prolonged. 
Akavqrevare (aka-vhrevhre), plural, and de- 
noting lengthened action. 

Yarevare (vliirevliire)^ clumsy; inept; incapable. 

Akavarevare {aka-varev^re)y a young coco pahn, 
in which the centre is beginning to form. 

YAREPUQA {vhrepUga)^ a glue or sticky sub- 
stance formed by coral. 

YARI {vM)y pap, or paste well diluted. 

Akavari {aka-vHrijt to make soft, pulpy ; diluted. 
2. To chew well. 

Akavarivari (aka-vhrivhri) denotes stronger 
action than akavari, 

Yarivari (vhrivari), soft, pasty, sticky. 3. 

YARO (vara), the name of a fish. 2. Lean, piti- 
ful: said of new-born infants. 

YAROYARO {varovhro)^ the name of a shrub. 

VARU (van*), eight. 

VARU haru), to plane ; to scrape a fruit. 2. To 
cut tne hair. Varuvaru (varuvhru), plural of 
the action ; vavaru, plural of the subject. 

Vavaru (vavcLru)^ to scrape quickly. 

V ATA V ATA {vatavhta)^ unequal ; rugged, rough, 
stony. Cf. ataata, hatahatay taata, 

Yavata {vavata), to come out of the earth : said 
of growing seeds, &o. 

Yavatahaga (vavatah^ga)^ to have no conse- 
quence ; to be of no effect : said of speeches 
or enterprises. 2. To disperse without having 
gained its object : said of an assembly. 

YAYA, paste, glue. 

YAVA, to be torn, to be rent. 2. To tear, to 

Akavava, to tear, to lacerate. 2. To break, as 
one breaks a calabash. Yavavava denotes 
stronger action than vava. 

YAYA (vhva), to be neither very thin nor very 
thick ; neither dear nor opaqae. 




y/kyHE {vav<ie)ttlie foot; the leg. Gf. kapuvavae^ 
tiavavae, 2. A footprint. 3. See under vae. 

YAYAEHE (vava^Jie), very small bulbs, the scions 
of taro, Cf . vake. 

YAYAEOHORO, one who goes quickly; light in 
running. Cf . vavae^ and ohoro, oro, hooro^ &c. 

YAYAI (vavhi)y the name of a creeping-plant. 

YAVAOj a defender, a protector. Cf. vao (3). 2. 
To protect, to aid, to sustain. 

YAYARO, to turn back a shark. 2. To cause the 
wind to cease. 

VAYE (vave), promptly, quickly. 2. To grow, to 
shoot up. Cf . taivave, 3. To progress : said 
of an illness. 4. To try, by several jerks of 
the hand, if there is a fish fast to the line. 
Yavevave {oavevhve)^ plural of the action; 
vavave, plural of the subject. 

Yavevave, to make haste, to look sharp ; one 
who hastes. 

YEHEYEHE (vlhevlhe)^ to explain, to make a 
thing clear, to unravel. 

Yeheveheraga {ylhevlheraga)^ explanation, elu- 

Yevehe (vevlhe), to disentangle, to clear, to put 
in order. 2. To divide, separate. Plural, 
vehevehe (vlhevlhe), 

YEH I, the new moon, when first seen. See vehi- 
tahif under marama. 

YE HI (vlhi)^ to be painful, intricate, mixed up : 
said of a march in darkness or among under- 
growth, &c. 

Yehivehi, a slight humidity, as of dew, <fec., or 
the remains of rains; to be wet with dew, 
<fec. Plural, vevehi (vevlhi). Cf. vekiveki, 

Y El N E (velne) , a woman. 2. A wife. Cf . mohijie, 
ahinCy tamahinCj toadhine. 

YEINEMOTUA, the premier wife. 2. The first 

YEINEPANIA, the second wife. 2. The second 
or third nuptials. 

YEKE (vlke)^ to refuse to yield a thing ; to keep 
anything, to preserve. 2. To take without 
permission. 3. To contend for an object. 4. 
To pray or beseech with insistence. Yekeveke 
(vekeveke)^ plural of the action ; veveke, plural 
of the subject. 

Akaveke (aka-vlke), to force from, to pull away, 
to drag away irom. 2. To pass through a 
very narrow place. 3. To oppose. 

YEKIYEKI, humid, damp. Cf. vaivaif vehivehi. 
2. Semen humanum. Cf. vaivai (2). 

YEO (vSo), copper. 2. Tin. 

YEONAYEO, mine, my own, your own, his own, 
their own. ^ 

YERA, a fire among the reeds. Cf. mavera^ ko- 
vera. 2. Pain that burns like fire ; sharp, 
agonising : said of pain. 

YERE (v^re), to weed. Yerevere {virev^re), plural 
of the action; vevere {vevire)^ plural of the 

Yerega {ver^a)y the action of pulling up weeds. 
2. A design put into execution. 3. One who 
is apt, useful, having a knowledge how to do 

Yerevere, a blue sky, without clouds. 

YEREQAKORE, to be without design, to be use- 
less. 2. One who is without tact or clever- 
ness; insignificant. Cf. verega and kore, 8. 
One who behaves badlv. 

YERENUNU {vh^enunu), a great eater, a glutton. 
Cf . nunutmnu, 2. To eat all kinds of fish raw. 
Yereverenu nu {vlrevlrermnu), plural of the 
action ; veverenunu (vev^enumij^ plural of the 

YEREVERE. See under vere. 

VEREYEUYEU, to weed out grass, &c. Ctvere 
and veuveu, 

YERI (v^), a marine annelid like a centipede: 
it is venomous. 2. A string or thread that 
has become bristly by being often chafed 
through the hands. Plural, veriveri (v^riveri), 

Akaveri {aka-veri)j to render threads or lines 
hairy or shaggy by often passing them 
through the hands. 

Veriveri (vlrivlri)^ very bad ; disagreeable ; 
ugly; repulsive. Ct.mataveriveri. 2. To hate, 

Akaveri veri {akavhrivM)^ to feel repugnance. 
2. To displease. 3. Todisdain. 4. To make 
out to be bad, wortmess; to call any one 
wicked. 5. To* repent; to express contrition. 

YERO {vero)j the tail. Cf. etuvero. 

YERO {v^ro^j, to dart, to throw a lance. 2. To 
throw with force. Yerovero (verov^ro)^ plural 
of the action ; vevero (vevero), plural of the 
subject. Vero atu vero mai, to give one an- 
other thrusts with spears. Cf . veroragi. 

Yerovero, rays, beams. 2. A leaping flame. 3. 
Tentacles of the squid or octopus. 

VERORAGI {v^roragi)y a cloud terminating in a 
long point. Cf. vero and ragi, 

VEROTA {verbta)f a kind of sandstone. 

VETE {v^te)y the name of a fish resembling the 

VETEHIVA, the name of a fish. 

VETEVETE, to untie, to loosen ; to detach. 

Vevete (veuete), to untie, to unloose; to detach. 
Plural, vetevete (vetevlte). 

VEUVEU {vhuvhi), grass; herbage. Cf. vere- 
veuveUf heuheu, 

VEVAVEVA (vlvavlva)^ to eat quickly and with 

YEVENA (vevi^na^i to relish, to approve ; to find 
good ; to feel inward pleasure. 

VI (vl), the name of a tree and its fruit. 2. The 
name of a fish. 

YIKI (viki), to run. 2. To go in search of. Yikl- 
viki (vikiv\ki)y plural of the action ; viviki 
(vixnKi)j plural of the subject. 

Akaviki (aA;a-vl/Ei), to make another person run. 
2. To run. 

Yikiviki (vikivlki), to run here and there. 

Akavikiviki (aka-tyikiviki)^ to make many others 

Viviki, to run swiftly. 

VIKIATOHORA (viki-a'tohora)^ to run very 
swiftly. Cf. viki and tohora, Yikivikiatohora 




{viHviki'a-toJiora)f plural of the action ; viviki- 
atohora (viviki-a-tohora)y plural of the sub- 

YIKITIA, the slope of the sea-board from the 
beach into the sea. 

VIKITU-ViKITU {v\Htu-v\Htu), to be bold and 
without shyness. 

VIKIYIKI. See under t;tii». 

YINIYINI, a soft sound; musical; music. 

YIO (vio)f weak, puny : said of plants that only 
throw small leaves. 2. Whistling ; to whistle 
in speaking. 3. To be very difficult to pro- 
nounce. Yiovio (v\ovio)j plural of the action; 
vivio {v1vio)y pluial of the subject. 

Yiovio (vlovlo), a noise as of sucking a bone, or 
a sugar-cane. 

YIRI (vln), to roll; to turn. Cf. taviri. 2. To 
unroll, to display itself: only said of the 
weather or season. 3. To twist two things 
together, as two strands to make a rope. 
Yiriviri (vlrivlri), plural of the action; viviri 
{viiAri)y plural of the subject. 

Yiriga {viriga)^ the unfolding of dawn, &c. 

Akaviriga {aka-viriga)^ a deputy for another; 
one who carries orders. 

Akaviri {aka-iMi), to cause to roll or to turn 
over from a high place to a lower one. 2. 
To be round. 3. To put water to the por- 
ridge (popoi) to dilute it. 

Akaviriviri (aka'Viriviri)^ to roll, to cause to 
roll. 2. To cause to turn over - and over 
quickly and often. 

Yiviri {viviri), to fall to. the ground again and 
again in a fight. 2. To fight for a long time. 

Akaviviri (aka-viviri), a duel. 2. To box, to 
fight witn the fists. 3. To rub a piece of 
wood lightly with another piece to produce 

YIRIGA (Vifiga), the name of an evil deity. See 
under viri, 

YIRIPOQI {viripbgi), to have the eyes heavy 
with sleep. Yiriviripogi (viriviripbgi), plural 
of the action; viviripogi (viviripbgi), plural of 
the subject. 

YIRITAHI, to approach. 

YIRITOTO, to attach, to fasten; to fasten the 
toto to the rau. See toto (2). 

YITI. See havitiviti. 

YIYIKI. See under viJki. 

YIYIRI. See under i;fn. 

YOYI (v7)vi)y to chew as though the lips were 
gummed together. 

YOYO (r?>i7o), the noise of words, or wind, or 
rain, or water, or sea. Cf. mavovo, 2. A dry 
and useless coco-nut. 3. To struggle, to 
writhe ; to make a noise in writhing about. 
Yovovovo, noisy ; a great noise. 

YUHO (vuho)j the noise made by a man or fish 
that escapKBs. 2. Not to be well pronounced ; 
to speak in a choking voice. Yuhovuho (vUho- 
vuho), plural of the action ; vuvuho (vuvUko), 
plural of the subject. 3. To eat with avidity, 
and without pa3dng attention to the food. 

YUHO, the name of a fish. 






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