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When I resolved to print the present dictionary I 
did not expect that in the next time many more materials 
would become accessible; but soon after the first part was 
published, in 1864, I learned that a new society had been 
Jormed for the purpose of printing old English texts. The 
publications of this society* I have used for the body of 
the work, wherever it was posstUe; who'e not, for ike 

Though my hopes of receiving communications from fel- 
low students have been disappointed, I was happy enough 
to find in Frederic J. Furnivall, Esq., M. A., of 
London, a friend who kindly pointed out to me, and readi- 
ly lent me several rare books which furnished valuable 
contribiitions. A great deal of whatever merit my work has 
is due to him. 

For the arrangement of my book a few observations, I 
think, will suffice. The words are entered, in alphabetical 
order, under their oldest form, for example fiwen, 6wen 

* the ,EarJy Englith Text Soeiety". 



under t-Tfin; fifen, fiyen under sefen; ivel, evel under uvel; 
over under ufer; oat «»i(ier fit; who, wo, ho, quo under 
hwa; Bwo, so, se under swa. Compounds are placed under 
the first word, for example Awper under t; abufen under 
an; bufen under bt; ilc u»K/er i; hwulc under hwl; awulc 
uTider 8Tra. 

Imperfect or incorrect forms and various readings are 
put befteem brackets. 

Dubious words are marked vnih a sign of interrogation ; 
words occurring in notes, with an asterisk- 

Krejeld, 7 Octoher 1867. 

F. M. Stralmann. 




Amad. Web. 
ant. Arlh. 

Address of the soul to the body, edit, bj Siager, 
London 1845. 

The alliterative romtmce of Alexander, edit, by 

Ki[^ Alisauuder in Weber's metrical romances, toL 
1, p. 3—327. 

Altdeutsche bl&tter von M. Haupt and H, HoBmaim. 

Sir Amadace in Robson's early English metrical ro- 
mances, London 1842. 

Sir Amadas in Wel>er'8 met. rom., vol. 3, p. 2i3— 

Amis and Amiloun in Weber's met. rom., voL % p. 

The anturs of Arther &c. in Robson's met. rom., p. 

The apology of lollard doctrines attributed to Wic- 
liffe, printed by J. H. Todd. 
a. r. The ancren riwle, edit, by J. Morton, London 1853. ^ 

Arth. atid Merl. Arthur and Merlin, Edinburgh 1838. 

The poems of John Audelay, edit, by J. 0. Halliwell. 

The avowing of king Arther be in Robson's met. 


mote. Artit. 


Ben. ab. 
Bttu. eoc. 

, p. 57—93. 
Dan Michel's ayeubite of invit, edit, by B. Morris, 

London 1866. 
The life and martyrdom of Th. BekM, edit, by W. 

Mittelhochdentsches" wOrterbuch von Benecke, Mailer 

und Zamcke. 
Vocabularium Anglo -Sasonicum opera Th. Benson, 
Oioniae 1701. 

tnu Sir BevBs of Hamtoun (edit, by Tumbull), Edin- 

burgh 1838. 

■pp't gloa. Glossarjum sanscritum a F. Bopp, Berolini 1847. 

- vergl. gram. Vergleichende grammatik des Sanscrit, lend, griechi- 
schen, lateinischen, litthauischen, gothischen und 
deutschen von F. Bopp, Berlin 1833. 

inc. did. A dictionary of the Anglo-Saxon language by J. Bos- 

worth, London 1838. * 

iu(, etj. Die vier evangelien in aft-nordhumbriacher sprache, 

herausgegeben von E. W. Bouterwcck, Oflterslob 

and. St Brandau, edit, by Thorn. Wright 

am. wb. Versuch eines bremiBch-niederB&chsischen wOrter- 

bu<^eB, Bcemea 1767-1771. 

:, Google 

Chaue. The works of J. Chancer (edit b; Th. Speght), 

London 1687. 
The poetical works of G. Chuicer, edit, by Th. Tyr- 

wtiitt, London 1855. 
The Canterbury talea of G. Chaucer, edit by Th. 

Wright, London 1847. 
Chtit. myit. Chester mysteries, London 1SI8. 

cAron. Sngl, Chronicle of England in Bitson's metrical romances, 

YOL 2, p. 270—313. 
ehron. Vilod. Chronicon Vilodnnenae sive de vita et miraculis sane- 

tae Edithae regis Edgari filioe cnr. W. U. Itlack. 
CI. Sir Cleges in Weber's met, rom., vol. 1, p. 331 — 


e. of I. Castel of love, edit bj; R. F. Weymonth. 

eonit. ma*. A poem OD the coDStitntions of masonry in Halli- 

well's early history of A;ee-masDnry in En^aud, 

p. 12—40. 
DagrtB. The romance of sir Degrevant in the Thornton ro- 

mances, edit, by 3. O. HaDiwell, p. 177—256. 
dsp. of B. Alliterative poem on the deposition of king Richard 

n., edit, by Th. Wright. 
Di^enh. tpb. Vergleichendes wOrterbuch der gotliischen spracbe. 
Ditx ui. EtymologiBcheB wOrterbuch der romanischen spracben, 

Bonn 1653. 
du Cange'i glou. Carol! dn Fresne, domini do Cat^, glosi^am ad 

scriptores mediae & infimae latinitatia, Franco- 

furti 1710, 
Egilt*. Itx, Lexicon poSticom antiqnae linguae septentrionalis 

conscripBit SveiabjOrn Egilsson, Hainiae 1860. 
Eglam. The romance of sir Eglamonr of Artois jn lie 

Thornton romances, p. 121 — 176. 
EU. rom. Specimens of early English metrical romances by 

O. Kllia, Snd edit, London 1811. 
Em. ' Emare in Bitson's met rom., vol 2, p. 204—247. 

erl. of T. The erl of Tolous in Bitson's met rom., vol. 3, p. 

Eitm. Itx. Lexicon Anglosasonlciim ed. L. Ettmtlllerus, Qued- 

linbnrpi 1851. 
Flor. Le bone Florence of Borne in Bitson's met rom., vol. 

3, p. 1—92. 
/. of e. The forme of cury (edit by 8. Pegge), London 1780. 

FriiBner't ordb. Ordbog over det gamle norrfce sprogaf Joh. Fritzner. 
f^u-n. f. Ear^ English poems and lives of saints, edit, by 

F. J. Fumivall. 
— p. r, l. p. Political, religious and love poems, edit, by F. J, 

Oam^ The cokes tale of Gamelin in the Canterbury tales, 

edit by Th. Wright vol 1, p. 176—201. 
Qaw. SirGawayn and the grene kni^t edit by F. Madden. 

Gan«r. A rOTal historie of the excellent knight Generides, 

eit by F. i. FumivaU. 
g««t. Bom. The old EngliBh versions of the gesta BomaDonuii, 

edit b; F. Madden. 






'. lam. 



— nag. poet. 



Hick. thM. 
hUt. Edm. IV. 

H. xeUaehr. 



The grsTe in Thorpe's (uudecU anglo-suonica, p. 

Deutsche giammatik Ton Jac. Grimm, 2te ansg, 
DentBcheB wOrterbuch von J. und W. Grimm. 
Althochdeatscber BprachBchatx von E. Q. Graff. 
Spr&cliBcliat2 der angelsftcbsischen dichter, besrbeitet 

Ton C. W. M. Grein, Cusel ft GOttingen 1861— 

The romance of sir Guj of Warwick and Rembnm 

his son, Edinburgh 1840. 
Lexicon Islandico-Latino-Danicum BiOmooiE Haldor- 

sonii cora R. K. Raekii editum, Havniae 1814. 
A dictionary of archaic and provincial words by 

J. 0. H^tiwell, London 1850. 
Nugae poeticae. Select pieces of old English popular 

poetry, edit, by J. 0. Halliwcll. 
The harrowing of hell, published by J. 0. HalUwell. 
A poem on the times of Edward II., edit, by C. 

Ancient metrical tales, edit, by Ch. U. Hartshome. 
The ancient English romance of Havelok the Dane 

witJi an introduction, notes, and a glossary by 

F. Madden, London 182S. 

Liuguamm ret. septentrionaliom thesaurus auctore 

G. Hickesio, Oxoniae 1705. 

HiBtorie of the arrival of Edward lY. in England, 

edit, by J. Bruce. 
Haii meidenhad, edit, by 0. Cockayne. 
Poems by Thorn, Eoccleve, London 1T96. 
The geste of king Horn in Rttson's met. rom., vol, 

2, p. 91—165. 

Horn child and maiden Rimnild in KiUon's met 

rom., vol. 3, p. 282—820. 
Boberd of Bnume's handling sione, edit by F. 3. 

Fumivall, London 1862. 
The hunting of the hare in Weber's met rom„ vol. 

3, p. 279—290, 

Zeitschrift fOr deutsches alterthum, herausgegeben 

von M. Hanpt 
OloBsarium Soio-Gothicnm auctore J, Ihre, Upsaliae 


I Weber's met rom., vol. 2, 

The life of Ipomidon ii 
p. 281—365. 

The romance of sir Isnmbros in the Thornton ro- 
mances, p. 88—120. 

Iw^e and Gawin in Bitsou's met rom., voL 1, p. 

The legend of St Katherine of Alexandria, edit by 
J. Morton, London 1841. 
Stma, 8ai. a. Sat, The dialogue of Salomon and Satumus with an his- 
torical lutrodnction by J, M. Eemble, London 1848. 



Kil. diet. Etymologicom Teutonicae linguae, aiie dictionariam 

Teutonico-Latinuin studio & opera Corn. Eiliani 

DiifBaei, editio tertia, AntTerpiae 1599, 
h. of T. The king of 4'arB and the soudan of Daminas in 

Ritson's met. rom., vol. 2, p. 156 — 203. 
Lax. La^amons Brut, publislieii by F. Madden, London 

iai la fr. Lai le freine in Weber'a met. rom., vol. 1, p. 357— 

Launf. Launfal in Ritson's met. rom., vol. 1, p. 170—215. 

l. c. c. Liber cure cocorum, edit, by R. Morris. 

L« Qon, diet. Dictionnoire breton-frangais de Le Gonidec enrichi 

par Hersart de la Villemariiu^, Saint Brieuc 1850. 
li btam diic. Li beaus dificouus in Ritson'a met, rom., vol. 2, p. 

Lidff, m, p. A selection from the minor poems of Dan John Lyd- 

gate, edit, by J. 0. HalliwelL 

— It, of Th. The Btory of Thebea by John Lidgate, printed to- 

gether with Chaucer's works, London 1687. 

Lindf. Ux. Ftillatandigt Swenskt och Latiuskt lexicon fdrfattadt 

af A. 0. Lindfors. 

lud. Con. Ludus Coventriae, edit, by J. 0. Halliwell. did. DicUonarium Saxonicum et Gothico-Latinum auctore 

E. Lye, ed. 0. Manning, Lond. 1772. 

Maerl, rb. gloii. Glossarium op MaerlantB rymbybel door J. David. 

Mand. The voi^e and travaile of sir John Maundevile, re- 

printed from the edition of a. d. 1725, with an 
introduction etc. by J .0. Halliwell, London 1839. 

JfqpM The Latin poema commonly attributed to Walter 

Mapes, edit, by Th. Wright. 

JbTai^. Seinte Margarete, printed together with Seinte Mar- 

herete by 0. Cockayne. 

Marh. Seinte Marherete, edit, by 0. Cockayne, London 1862. 

Mar. mir. pi. A collection of English miracle -plays or mysteries 
by W. Marriott, Basel 1838. 

m, Arth. F, Le morte ArthoT, edit, by F. J, FumiTall. 

— //. — edit, by J. 0. Halliwell. 

met. horn. English mebical homilies with an introdnctioD and 

notes by John Small, Edinbnrgh 1862. 

Min. Poems written anno MCCCLII. by Laurence Minot, 

pubUshed by Jos. Ritson, London 1825. 

Molh. ordb. Dansk ordbog af Christ. Molbecb, KiObenbavn 1833. 

Mor. a. p. Early English ailiteratlTe poems, edit, by R. Morris. 

— hom. Old English hoiuUiea, edit, by R, Morris. 

Otiav. The romance of the emperor Octaviaa, edit, by J. 

0. Halliwell. 
Octorr. Octovian imperator in Weber's met. rom., vol. 3, p. 

O'BeiHy* diet. An Irish-English dictionary by E. O'Reilly, Dublin 

Orta. The Ornmlum, edit, by R. M. White, Oxford 1852. 

Orph. Sir Orpheo in Ritson^s met rom., toL 2, p. 248— 



he plov 

Wehh and EngliBh dictionary by W. Owen, London 

The owl and the Dtghtingale, edit, by Th. Wright, 

London 1843. 

The old English version of Partonope of Blois, edit. 

by W. E. Buckly. 
The romance of sir Perceval of Galles in the Thorn- 
ton romances, p. 1 — 87. 
plowDians tale, printed in Chaucer's worltB. fol. 
■^- "8, London 1687. 

L and creed of Piers Ploughman, edit, by 

Thorn. Wright, London 1856. 
The pricke of conscience, edit, by R. Morris. 
c. Promptorium parvulonim sive clericorum, dictiona- 

rius Anglo-Latinus princeps, auctore fratre Gal- 

trido, ad fidem codicum rccensuit Albert Way, 

London 1865. 
Anglo - SaxOD and early English psalter (edit, by 

Stevenaon, London 1843.) 
Chronicle of the rebellion in Lincolnshire, 1470, edit. 

by J. G. Nichols. 
Reliiiuiae antiquae, edit, by Th. Wright and J. 0. 

Religious songs, printed together with the Owl and 

the Nightingale by Th. Wright. 
Kchard coer de hon in Weber's met. rom., vol. 2, 

p. 3—278. 
Altfriesisches wdrterbuch von Dr Karl von Richt- 

hofen, Gettmgen 1840. 
ongt Ancient songs &om the tune of king Henry the 

third to the revolution, Loudon 1790. 
Peter Langtoft'a chronicle, as illustrated and im- 

prov'd by Robert of Brunne, publiah'd by Th. 


1 Mad- 

Extracts from Rob, of Brunne's chronicle u 

den's La^amon, vol. 3. 
Robert of Gloucester's chronicle, edit, by Th. Heame, 

London 1810. 
Songs and carols, London 1836. 
The play of the sacrament. 
WOrterbuch der oiederdeutschen mundart der fOrsten- 

tbttmer GOttingen nnd Grubenhagen von G. 

Gothischea glossar von Ernst Schnlze. 
Glossarium Saxonicum poemate Heliand iuscripto et 

minoribus quibusdam priscae linguae monumeii' 

tis collectom (a J. A. Schmeller.) 
The religions poems of William de Shoreham, edit. 

by Th. Wright 
Holsteinisches idiotikon von J. F. Schatze, Hamburg 

The sqnir of lowe degre u 
3, p. 146—192. 

BitBon's met. rom., vol. 


Vtb, The proces of the flerin uges in Weber's met nm., 

vol. 3, p. 3—153. 
Wr. The seven sages, edit, b; Th. Wright. 

I. The story of genedH aod ezodoB, edit, bj fiich. 

I iav»fr. lUostratiODs of the lives and writinga of Goirer said 
Chancer by H. J. Todd, London 1810. 
Torrent of Portngal, edit by J. 0. HalliweD. 
myt. The Towneley myateries printed for the Sorteee 

ci. Transactiona of the society of aoliqaaries. 

The romance of sir Tryamonre, edit by J. 0. Halli- 

Sir Tristrem, edit, by W. Scolt, Edinb, 1804. 
hit. The history of English poetry b; Tii<Hn. Warton, 

London 1840. 
The holy bible in the earliest Eaglish veruons made 
from the Latin vnlgate by JohaWycliffie and hie 
followers, ediL by Forahall and Madden, Oxford 
The new testament in English translated bj J. Wyo- 

liife, London 1848. 
The ancient English romance of William and the 
werwolf, edit, by F. Madden. 
md imieat. Wills and inventories from the registers of the com- 
missary of Bnry St Edmund's Ac, edit, by S. 

n. lit. Anecdota Uteraria by Th. Wright. 

■id. Dictionary of obsolete and provincial English, compil- 

ed by Th. Wright, London 1857. 

. I, The pohtical son^ of England from the reign of 

Jdm to that of Edward n., edit, by Th. Wright. 

, a. e. Songs and carols, edit, by Th. Wright. 

pae. Specimens of lyric poetry, edit, by Th. W^ht. 

■eat Popular treatises on science, edit, by Th. Wright. 

oe. A volume of vocabularies, edit by Th. Wright 


a re c sharp, :rt. ant. I, 33. 
abece a b c, Kob. Glouc. 966,22. 

a (or &), ASax. OSax. OFris. 4, OllOerm. ar. er, ir, 
ur, Goth, us, see Or. gram. 2, 704 & 818, a, up, out, of, 
no but in compoi. 

aMd, from alideii, abode, dday, Degrev. 129; abaid 
Qaw. _gloss. 363 ; abood Chauc. V. t. 967. 
abaelien? ASaar. abaeligaii? Grein'a glosa., irritate? abaei- 
ledeu (pret.) ia^.. 10275. 

abaiteii, MHGerm. erbei^en? Ben. wb. 1, 193, baitf hia 
flgali on liere was m abeited Halliw. diet. 6. 
ahas^n? ab^t {part.) perplexed, eonfounded. Mar. mir. pi. 

abeden bid, offer, Halliw. diet. 5; abM (prel,.) La-^. 442S. 

abSjen bow: ni pei abeisedoun hem no ping to pe king 

(r. kiuges) h&t chron. Vi>. 97. 

abelden (abelde) gi-ow bold, Alis. 2442. 

abel^en grow angry; abalh {pret.) La^. 26359*; abol^en 

{part.) 1565. 

abeUten? pat bi ne be abolke {elatedf) Skoreh. 22. 

aberen (abere) bear off, Itob. Glow. 196; abered {pres.) 

a. r. 158; aber {pret.) Kath. 1555. 

abiden abide, wait, Orm. 1801 ; abide Wid. gloss. 3 ; Chauc. 

C. t. 1578; pu ne darst domes abide owl and night. 1693 ; 

if he raoste abide pe dai Bek. 736; abit (pres.) Chavr. 

r. r. 4989; rel. ant. 1, 115; ab&d {pret.) Iw. ILSO; abfld 

Bek. 1147; a. s. Wr. 2825; abideu {part.) Chauc. V. t. 

9762: Mar. mtr. pi. 188. 

abiten bite in pieces, o>t>l and night. 77; broune liouns 

and 4k white, pat woldeii fain his folk abite AU^. 7096; 

abited La^. 21312; abiten (part.) rel. ant. 2. 276. 

ablaste.i blast: venini and fir to g^dir he caste, pat he 

Jasou so sore ablaste Halliw. diet. 7. 

abl&wen blow up : po3 he gan hire herte ablowe Skoreh. 1 30 ; 

ablowe {paH.) 166. 


sHenden blind, £03. 14657; pis l^tne shal Lucifer ablende 

vi*. P. P. 12351 ; ablended (prea.) a. r. 86; ablente {prel.) 

vis. P. P. 12730. 

abliaden, OHOerm. erblinden Graff's spr^ck. 3, 256, grorc 

blind; ablinded (prea.) a. r. 92. 

abo^ea bow; abo3ede (p/-et.) IlalUw. diet. 10. 

abr^den extend; abrAd (pret.) owl and night. 1042. 

abreiden start up, a.r. 214; aitveiAa upbraid, rel. ant. 1,7; 

and if pat he out of his sleep abraide.CAowc. C.t. 4188; 

abreid {pret.) a. r. 238; conipos. upabraideii. 

abreken (abreke) break out, Halliin. diet. ; abroken {part.) ibid. 

abuggen (abugge) buy off, redeem, Lar^. 8158; a. r. 188; 

Wr. spec. 112; i/orw' 1081 ; abiggen (abigge) Orm. 6907; 

Alis. 901; vis. P. P. 1138; aboughte {pret.) Chauc. C. t. 

2305; aboht {part.) harron: 5t); abo3t Bek. 1312. 

abu3eii (abouwe) bow, comply, ioj. 4049; abowe (aboue?) 

Alia. 188; Em. 981; abowe to Jjo kinges wille Bek. 867: 

abisp {pres.) owl and night. 780; abouep Bek. 1331 ; (pei) 

aboun wend, go away, Mar. 1 80 ; abSh {pret.) La^. 5210. 

abfijen (abaye) bow, Itob. Olouc. 102,5; abiiide {pret.) 

106, 14. 

acalen? grow cold? acale (port.?) vis. P.P. 12873; be 

was so sore acale Ooir. conf. am. 3, 296; akale s. a. 

Web. 1512. 

acangen grow mad: acanges tu Katk. 2112; acanget 

(part.) 2045. 

a^asten cuat down: dead ne acaste n4wt Crist, ah Crist 

overcom dead Katk. 1127; acast (paH.) Wr. p. s. 149 

nou is mi comfort acast cr. P. P. 197; akest a. r. 318 

aclumseii grow benumbed; aclumsid (part) Wicl. gloss. 3 

acolden grow or make cold; acoalded (pres.) a. r. 404 

accolded (part.); acoli Hardw. poem 23, Q 

s. s. Wr. 2518. 

acolding cooling, Halliw. diet. 17. 

acolen cool, a. r. II8; acoled (part.) owl and mglit. 205. 

acorien complain, a. r. 60 ; pou it sclialt acorie sore Halliw. 

diet. 17; pou ne aujtest nowjt mi dep acore Hartsh. met. 

t. 112; pat acorede al pis loml Hob. Qlouc. 75, 4. 

acumen (flcoaie) attain, Shorek. 73. 

acursien (acursi) accurse, owl and night. 1702; acui-seji 

(p>ea.) via. P. P. 12289; acursed {part.) Brand. 24; pe 

lUturBide gost a. r. 234. 

adiSten, achdken? choke, Chaue. Boet. 2; ach^ked (part) 

leg. g. worn. 200i; achoked Halliw. did. 

ad&seii dazde, stupefij; aliased {]}art.) HaUiic. diet.; Todd's 

itlustr. 297. 

adeaden deaden, a. r. 112; adeadet {part.) Kaih. 2048, 

adeven deafen; adevod (jyai-t.) Shoreh. 103. 

adihten prepare, arrange, dress: and so ich mine song 

adiste owl and night. 32<i; mlilitej) \Vr. p. s. 329,- adilS 

{part.) Kath. V:,A->; acliglit /( bvaua disc. 711; yonder beu 

tuo youge men, wonder wel adight 0am. (i35. 

ftdoteii grou! silly; adote[) (jtres.) Will, gloss. 211; adoted 

(pari.) Oow. coiif. ant. 3,4; dusie men £: adotede a. r. 222. 

adrawen (adrawe) draw forth, draw out, Roh. Olouc. 207 , H; 

Ortoo. 357; adnih (pret.) La-. 16487; Imre swerdea pan 

[lai adrowe Ilnlliir. diet. 22. 

uAreiloQ dread, fear, ^03. 8744; adrede owl and nigkl. 12 Gi. 

adrSden make ajraid, alarm, rel. songs 1,26; he ma i him 

sore adi-^deu (adr&de) Ifif:k. tkes. 1,223; adr^dde {pret.) 

Horn 1170; adi-t?d (part.) afraid, Wr. spec. 110; adrSJ 

Matfd. 282; vis. P. F. 13001; Tor. 289. 

adre^en (adrie) siifer, llaUiio. diet. 22. 

adi-enchen (adrenche) drown, La^,. 1507*; a.r. 230; Horn 

109; Wr. p. s. 217; & adreinten ham sulven i der see 

a. r. 230; adreint (pait.) s. s. IVeb. USB. 

? adrilleu corrupt? put he nadrille Shoreh.dO; wanne man 

l€te[) adrille I>at he god ^elde schel 144. 

adrinken he drowned; adronc (pret.) La-. 2205; n. r. 58. 

adruwien di-y vp, a. r. 150; adron^e Sfiore/i. 34. 

adunen din, stun ; [ju aduni^st (jires.) owl and night. 337 ; 

adenid (part.) Aud. 78. 

adwelen? OHGerm, artwelan (torpere) f Graffs sprsch. 

5,546, grow dull? swo heore wit hi d^mp ndviole owl and 

night. 1775. 

adwescheu throw down, destroy, Kath. 949; adweschde 

ipr.t.) 1196. 

afallen {avulle) fall down, owl and night. 1 683 ; availed (p7-es.) 

a.r.246,- afallen (part.) Lai,. 15949; afalle rel ant. 2,272. 

afanden try, tempt; afondep (prea.) Slioreh. 73. 

afangeii receive; afonge owl and night. 1194; Wr. treat. 

140; Alis. 606; avaugep (pres.) Shorek. 50; Hv4ug (pre'.) 

hob. Qlmif. 223. 20; avonge (part) Slioreh. 132. 

afe3en(a — i?) conjoin, dispose? a,Y&ide (pret.) Wr.dict. 13t». 

afellen /eH, coat down, Kath. 689; ayeUen a. r, 122; afelle 

Alis. 5240; afelden (prel.) io^. 4175. 

afSren (affire) affray, /riyhteti, oicl and night. 221; Rich. 
4104; via. I'. P. 142i37; af^rde (prrf.) PTart. Aisf. 1,16; 
afered (pan:.) a/eard, o/raiy, a. r. 326; Oow. c<w(/. am. 
2, 21; aferd CAaMc. C. t. 630; ^Bn</. 294. 
afiuden find out, discover, La^. 25775; avinde owl and 
night. 527; afounde (pret.) Odor. 1659; {part.) Shoreh.49. 
afleien make jlee, drine away: aMiham bamal uvel Kath. 
2431; avleied (^or(.) a. r. 248. 
aAeoa fiee; aflojen (part.) HalHw, dirt. 27. 
afl^men dnve away; aflemde (prtt.) La;^. 8465. 
afon receive, La^,. 8728; afo J/alliw. did. 27; avop (pres.) 
owl and night. 841. 
aforpen a/or(i.» »<s. P. P. 4194. 
afreinen (a ;= i or af?) inquire, HatUw. diet. 28. 
afri^ten frighten ; afrijt {part.) Wiil. glons. 211; Amad. Rohn. 
37,6;afright8.s. MV. 2704;nfrigM(o = of?) Jlob. Iir.70,\Q. 
AM\ea fill; afuUed (pari.) La^. 12078. 
agaden? pou art agadu {for agaded? distracted? foolidif) 
s. s. Web. 2638; see egede 

ag&n ^0 oyer, pn.^s away; agon owZ an</ night. 1278; 
agM (jyrfs.) 1451; a. r. 184; pis worldes wele al agop 
rel. ant. 1, 160; agftn (paJt.) /^a^. 337; Hallite. diet. 29; 
hit is not longe agon {ago) k. of T. 268; agonn Chauc. 
C. t. 1278; ago Wr. p. s. 197. 

ag&sen, Ooth. uagaisjan, agaze; \}& w6re so sdre ag4sed 
Malliw. diet. 29. 

ag&sten (agiste) frighten, terrify, Rob. Glouc. 17, 24; 
Ckavc. Troit. 1993; Wicl gloss. 3: agesten a. r. 212; 
agfisten (pr.a.) J/iiW. 282; agAste (pi-e(.) La^. 6451; 
i^T-aw^f. 22; ag&st (part.) aga),t, Alis. 250; agest o. r. 372. 
agiden? confomidf ag^ste & agide ham KcUh. 1256. 
aginnen (aginne) begin, owl and night, li^l ; Born 1285; 
9. s. Web. 1410; agiune {pres. suhjunct.) a. r. 74; aginaep 
Wr. p. s. 189; agan {pret.\ Shoreh. 53. 

agliften? aglift {part.) frightened, Halliw. did. 32; oglift 
(o = of?) Rob. Br. 72, 8. 

agramen, OHQerm. argremen, irritate, vex; agramed {part.) 
Alis. 3510; U beans disc. 1916; pi. t. 291; agromed chron. 
of Engl. 863; agremed Halliw. did. 33. 
agreipen (a= i ?} prepare, dress ; agreiped {paH.) Will, gloss. 212. 


agrisen c/rotc terrified, a, r. 306; WicL gloas-Z; hamschal 

agiisen Kath. 2317; agrise rel. gongs 5, 140; Chauc. C. t. 

7231; agros {pret.) Rob. Glouc. 549, 14; Horn 1326; of 

which she noujt agfoa C'/iauc. Troil. 2022; agrisen (par(.) 

Alia. 357; agrise WUlglosa. 212; Rob. Glouc. 639,25. 

agropen (agrope) search f HaUiw. diet. 

agroten? stirftit; agroted (j>arL) Chauc. I. g. w. 2452. 

agrotonin „ingKrgilaref', prompt, pare. 8. 

agruUeii vea-, leasef nu icli mai singe war ich witlle, ne 

liar mo never eft mou agiulle owl and night. 1108. 

agulten (agulte) do icrong, offend, vis. P. P. 10230; hwon 

me agutteil to ou a. r. 18i}; agulte (pret.) IIV. spec. 112; 

agilte C/'auc. r. r. 5833; agult (j>art.) rel. songs 2, 41; 

Jiob. Glouc. 252,14. 

aseven give up, deliver, La^. 4698; ajaef (pret.) 24723; 

a^af orvt and night 139. 

ajilden yield up: and ayild pe to pis knight Halliw. 

diet. 126. 

ahevenV heave up, raise; ahof (pret.) La^. 21635; compos. 


ahon hang up, Lu^. 20878. 

ak^len (ak§le) cool, Gow. conf. am. 2, 91; ak^de (pret.) 

Rob. Glouc. 442,13. 

akennen beget; akenuet (part.) Kath. 332. 

akeimeu, OIIGerm. ai-clieiinau, know; akende (pret^ L03. 

7243*; akenuinge reconnoitring, AlU. 3468. 

akinieu (akinieni") grow silly? akimed (part.) Laj. 26354. 

akn^wea (a = ii") /enow, acknowledge ; make akn&wen »«oAe 

known, Halliw. diet. 36; ich am aknowe / acknowledge, 

WUL gloss. 212. 

alacchen (a = i?) catch, take, Halliw. diet. 37. 

alasneu (aleane) grant, La'^. 31603*. 

alamien, OHGenn. arlemen, render lame; alamed (part.) 

owl and night. 1602. 

al^pen, MHGertn. erleiden, become loat/i; alopep owl and 

night. 1275; render loath: a.U,6ed(&l6ped) LaT,. 2258; 25930. 

aleggen allay, put down, abolish, refute, La^. 7714; alegge 

liek. 1638; Ii6 ne nii^te no^t alegge pat pe lile („lnile") 

hadde liire is^d owl and night 394; aleide {pret) WUL 

gloss. 212; aleid (pari.) Wr. spec. 105; alaid is, Darie, 

pin honour Alis. 2386. 

Pal^inen concikd^ atained (pret.) HaUiw. diet. 38. 


ak'Oson lose; 3'j aleosoii (pcca.) «. r. 118* 

alesea release, deliver, Lai,. 1084; o.r.l24; alesede (^pret.) 

ret songs 7, 21; alesQil {part.) Kath. 1150. 

al^sungo release, (dot.) Kath. 1153. 

aliggeD subside, cease: k muchel wind alid mid &, lutel rein 

a. r. 246; pis lutte p'me pat alid i lute hwile Kath. 2183. 

alihten alight, descend; ali^te Wr. treat.lZG; alighte <?oi0. 

conf. am. 2, 132; alihte (pret.) a. r. 248; alighte alleviate, 

relieve^ Gow. conf. am. 2, 278; alisted {part.) Wici. gloss, i. 

alihten light up, enlighten; alijte (f)re(.) Shoreh. 84; alight 

Oow. conf. am. 2, 183. 

alistnen enlighten, Wicl. gloss, i. 

aliden go over, pass amay: pe wind gon allden Lar^. 12041 ; 

pi seove 3^r weoren alidene 3970. 

alongen (a = oi'i)long: be was aloiiged he lotigedyRidi.Z(i^9. 

alouteu (aloute) bow, stoop, Bek. 2140; cr. P. P. 1496; 

li beans disc. 1254; alouted (pret.) Will, gloss. 212. 

amfiden? madden; a.mkd (part.) Halliw. diet. 52; \Vr. p. s. 

156; heo weoren amadde Lot,. 4438; amed a. r. 324, 

amanaen excommunicate; amonsi Wr. p. s. 196 ; am&nsed 

{part.) Kath. 2101; Bob. Qlovc. 335, 7. 

amasen amane; amased (part.) a. r. 270; Will, gloss.212; 

Gow. conf. am. 2, 25. 

am^ken render meek; am^kid (part.) IlalUie. diet. 54. 

ameren clear, purge; amered (prtrf.) s. s. Web. 2266; 

amirid? Halliw. diet. 58. 

ameiTen mar, spoil, Halliw. diet. 55; amenic {pret.) La^. 

11725; Octov 1307; amerred {part.) Shoreh.106; amarrid 

rel. ant. 2, 211. 

anarwen narrow; anarwip {pres.) Alis. 3346. 

anewen, OHGerm. irniuwoa, renew, dep. of K. 15, 19. 

aiiiderien, Qerm. ernidera, put down; anideri (aiieoperi) 

/.aj. 14861; anepered {paH.) Bob. Glouc. 217, 10. 

aquaken quake, tremble, Halliw. diet. 76, 

aquecchen quake, shake: pe wode aqueighte, so bi Buoge 

Alis. 5257. 

aquellen kill. Rich. 'Ib't^; s. s. Web. 2758; acwellen Xa(A. 

1826; aquelde {pret.) Horn 881; acwalde {part pL) owl 

and night. 1368. 

aquenchcn (aquenche) quench, Wr. treat. 136; rel. ant. 

2, 274; acwenchen a.r. 224; acv/eiute {pret.) 124; aqueint 

(paH.) s. s. Web. 1991; Oow. conf. am. 3,10. 


aqucden rfaound; aquSden (pret.) p& weolcne Zaj. 23947. 
aquikien (acwikien) quicken, revive, o, n 118. 
araeden? ,ISaa', araedan? Grein's gloss^ prepare, array? 
and gan liim afede in scora Wr. s. a. c. 60, 69; araeden 
(pre(.) Lnz- 15482. 
arakeii start? Rits. anc. songs 79. 

? araten rate, reprooe, ois, P.P. 6779; arated (pai-t.) 9245, 
arecche:i (areche) utter, speal; Wr. diet. 94; explain, La^. 
28097; aroast {part.) IlalUw. did. 86; arajt produced? 
Shorek 139. 

arechen reach, attain, a. r. 128; areche Rich. 7039; Oow. 
coiif. am. I, 150; araehti! (arilhte) {pret.) Lot,. 10539 
!ira3te llalUw. dirt. 77; arafte li beann diac. 1129, 
areddeii (aredde) rid, deliver, a. r. 390; Hartsk. met. t. 97 _ 
anidden Katk. 1142; aredde {pres. siibj.) owl and night. 
1567; aredde (pret.) a. r. 170. 

aredeii, OlIGerm. irritcii, conjecture, inti'rpr-et, explt 
ai-eile C%iuc. Trail. 2597; Gow. c(mf. am. 1, 24; Wicl 
<jlo»s. o; of whiche no inii;i ne coupe aredeu pe noiubre 
-I/m. 5115; 111 pat ar^dep pise rMelea Shoreh. 24; pe 
Sivfveu , . . pat Daniel a;i one arad Gow. conf. am. 1, 25. 
aredieii, ASax. aredian Grein's gloss. 1, 37, direct: and 
bad heom aredieii him to liaehsen pan kingen {r. kinge) 
Tmi. 23315. 

areimcn, J5«j:. araeuien (eci^c/e) Grein'sgloas^ redeem! pet 
' '. we schulen areimen ua mide a. r. 

areisen (areise) raise. Will, gloss. 213 ; areiside (yret), 

Wid. gloss. 5. 

areppen touch, Loj. 28034; & drawed al into hore holes 

pet heo muwen arepen & arSchen a. r. 128. 

arere:! rear, raiae up ; areareiL a. r. 390 ; arere Trial. 3, 49 ; 

Bek. 901; Octw. 21; arrere Mand. 38; arerde(pre(.)Xo3. 

14229; arearde Kath. 1114; lie hedde ar^red and imad 

mauye werren msc. Arund. 57, /. 86. 

arisen totter? pe trfi aresede {r. arSsde) as hit wold falle 

s. s. Weh. 915. 

arewea i>iiy: arewe pi wlite A'n(/'. 1403; pe deore drihtia 

aieaw us 1379; Jhesu Christ arew (pitied) hera sore 

harrow 29; arSwen (a = \'() repent, Wr. p. a. 240; hit 

shal him n6ver [tenue arewe const, of mas. 15. 

arihten, cmp. Germ, errichten {erect) and anricbten {pre- 

parej, such geatening he aright Tor. 1366. 


artmen count, mimher, X03. 25392. 

aiinen touch: alle pe pinges pet heo arinett, alle beo turned 

to hire a r. 408. 

arisen arise, a. r. 324; ailst {fii-ei.) Alts. 5458; aras 
(/jTff.) Katfi. 337; aros Bek. 451; lii arise Brand. 10; 
arisen (part.) t. 0/ T. 442; arise HV//. j/ons. 213; com- 
pos, uparisen. 

arist rising. Goto. cow/, am. 1, 320; iiernt Orm. 15034; 
ariste (dot) a. r. 3c!. 

arouten, cnip. OFr. arouter, aroter, Jim vp? pou shelt 
herto aroute llaUiw. did. 86. 
ascAren? drive away'? ascdr him a. r. 29<j. 
aschaken elapse: aer pe dai weore al ascekeii (asake) 
Laz- 19154. 

aschamen ashame; ascliame<i(pnrt.) Jit's. 3309; a.s. IiV.2314. 
ascliende (a^i?) shend, Bek. 1354. 

asch4welen, cmp. OIlGerm. iraciuheu, frighten, scare away. 
par ich aschewele pie and-crowe owl and night. 16U. 
asclionen skim; asclionne d^p. of It. 14, 16. 
aschrencken supplant, deceive: ac ech opron aschretichep 
Schoreh. 17; aschreint (pari.) Alia. 4819; ich was aschreiiit 
s. 8. Web. 1485. 

aschupchen (si&\m.mA\&) frighten? Wr. spec. 38. 
as^cheii seek, La-^. 27866. 

aseen, OffGenn. ersehan, permoe; asenc (forasecn) {part^ 
chron. of Engl. 44. 

asencbca sink: al here atil and tresour was also aseint 
Bob. Glouc. 51, 22. 

as€ren dry up; asered (pret.) s. s. Weh. 606. 
asinken sink; hi asinkep Shorek. la^i; asouken {pret.) 
Mapes 345. 

asitten (a = at?) sit against, resist: no man lie mighte 
asitte his swordes draught Octov. 1665. 
aslaken slacken: til atte laste aslaked was his mood Chauc. 
0. t 1762. 

asl&n slay, La^. 22576; aslough (pret) Halliw. di:t. 93; 
aslawe {part.) Rob. Glow. 170, 6; Shorek. 120. 
aslJden slide away, Halliw. diet. 93. 

aBlnppen (a ^ and ? cmp. Dvtch ontslippen, Germ, ent- 
schliipfen), slip away: ne miht i him asluppe Wr. specZS. 
asmellen smell, s. s. Web. 891. 
asnSsen strike^ araidsed a. r. 200. 


asoften soften, Halluc. diet. 94. 
asparen, Oetm. ereparen, spare, via. P. P. 9899. 
aspien, OilGerm. erspehen (OF)-, espier V). cit/'t/, Maud. C6; 
aspie Okauc. C. t. 15002; uspiilu {pret.) Lai^. 19737*; 
aspieden n. r, 196. 
aspiere sj}y, WicL gloss. 5. 

aspillen spill; aspille owl and night. 348; lick. 1024; 
aspilled a r. 148. 

aspringen spring up; aspiongim (part.) Ilalliw. diii, 95. 
astaiideii remain; astoiide Dek. 2015; cotnpos. upaMUiiuleii. 
astelleii establish; itstalden (pret.) Ln^. [<D60; astiild 
(part.) 12091. 
• a»teorven die, a. r. 326; astorven (part.) 310. 
asteiten start up, escape, Chaucl. g. w. 1611; iisttTte cis. 
P. P. 7359; asturte (pret.)Lct^. 26035; astirtQ Ilavel. 893. 
astlen ascend, Hob. Glouc. 3I7,«: asti3en(;M-c(.) X05. 8li!ll. 
astreccheu extend; astretfhin prompt, pare. 
astixisen? astrayed (part.) strayed, Oow. conf. am. '2, 132, 
astrengl)ien (astreTig|)i) streiightea, Hob. Glouc. 180, 13. 
astunien, cmp. Germ. erBtauaeti and OFr. estoiier, stuti, 
astonish: astoned (part.) Iiob.Glotic.396; (r/njTn. w.vfoiuni) 
Chauc. Trail. 274; hors and man astuued lai llallUe. 
diet. 102; astouned? Skoreh. 88. 

astunten stop, a. r. 72; a-steiite Will, gloss. 213; nstiiiite 
ipret.) Hob. Glouc. 546; astiiit (part.) Mapea 341. 
asturen stir up, excite; astured (part.) Laj. 25329; asteicd 
Degrev. 757. 

aswelteu be suffocated, perish with heat: jeot (wealliiide 
bres) in his widfj l)rote, [let he iiswelta widinntsu a. r. 216 ; 
I>e fuir ... aswelt -fJ/w.6ii39; aswalten (prd.) £03, 27474. 
aswdven wipe off; aswdved? Chauc h. off. 649. 
aswikeu cease: aswiked Kath. 2187. 

aswinden (aswinde) cantsA, waste, decay, owl and night. 1572; 
aswint (jWCT.) L05. 17940; aswunde (part.) ord and night. HI S. 
aswinken procure by labour, Bek. 1 663. 
aswojen swoon f he fell aswowe (a swowe?) to grounde 
Laiinf. 755. 

aswoneu swoon f aswoaed (v. r. a swouiie) doun sche fallip 
Chauc. C. t. 8955. 

ataken (a = af?) oveHake, Bek. 1961 ; Chauc C. t. 12513 ; 
Amis 2070; Wicl. gloss. 5; atok Halliw. diet. 106. 
Btamen tame, dep. of K 15. 


10 tk 

atgneii (a = i?) irritate; ateoned (pari.) ckron. of 'Engl. 61. 

ateou treat; ato^en (atowen') {part^ La^. 12096. 

atil array, fumiiure, store, Itob. Qlouc 51, 22; 297, 10. 

atileu, anp. Oerm. erzilen {aim at, beget, produce) and Ital. 

attillare (adorn), equip, array; atiled (j>aH^ Bob. Qlouc. 1 84,1 7. 

atrejen vex, grieve; atraid > pret.) s.s. IFei. 1867; atraijed 

(j>ai-t. k. of T. 605. 

atrukien i" /aiZ; attrokieii (pi-es.") Ilalliw. did. 108. 

aturueii convertf aturued (part.) a. r. 284; return? he 

atorudo as vast© as he mi^te Hob. Qlouc 419, 6. 

tttwiimcu la =: amli' cmp. Gemi. entzweienj, part asunder, 

Halliw. diet. 109. 

apuiien ttretck out, extend; ajieiieil (^part') Ilalliic. diet 105. 

a[>eostren darken; lipertstvedii (pret.) La^. 2860. 

aJrusemen suffocate, kill, a. r. 40. 

apurateri? Oerm. erdursten {siti confci)? he werp apm-st 

(atfiirat) wel sore rel. uiU. 2, 273; aprest lud. Coe. 190. 

awaken (awake) awake, Ckauc. Lg. io.lS32; awook {jjret.) 

r. t. 7285; vis. P. P. 4773; awake (iiaii.') ret. ant.l, 144. 

awakieu awake, a. r. 238; awjikip llocd. 1, 301; awakcde 

{pret.) a. r. 2.^6; vis. P. P. 9-536; awaked [pari.) Ckauc. 

I'-oet. 3. 

awakeiien awaken, arise, a. r. 44; awakiied (pret) vii. 

P. P. 13926; awakened tpari.) a. r. 58. 

iiwapen terrify, stupefy; awapecl {pari^ Alis.^'AlZ; (awha- 

ped) Chaitr. I. g. w. 814; 2317. 

awarien curse, a. r. 284; awai'iede (pret.) La^. 13946; 

awaried (pari.^rel.songs i,7o; awai'iede wihtes tf(x(A. 1066. 

awecchen awaken, rouse, rel. ant. 2, 278; awahte (^prri.) 

Kath. 1044; aweighte Mis. 5858; awehteu Uf^. 17S05. 

aweden become mad, L'i~. 22U20; awMe Skoreh. 163; 

Trist. 3, 81 ; lihenus disc. 957; awedde {prel^ Hob. Qlouc. 

162, 20; awed paj-t. a. r. 96; Bek. 148G. 

awelden subdue, La^. 27327; awelde rel. ant. 1, 184; 

awelded a. r. 144; awealt (^paH.) Kath. 555. 

awemmen (awaemmen) blemish, defile, injure, spoil, La^. 

21290; awemmed {part.) 20165; rel. ant. 1, 128. 

awenden wend, go awag; aweiid (part.) Bek. 1240. 

awSnen (ari^i?) think; aweudeu (^ret.i rel. ant. 1,144. 

aliwfnen, ASax. ahvaeuan {vexare)f Lyes diet., trouble: 

herof pe Uvedies to me mSucJi, an wel sore me ahwfinep 

ouil and night 1562. 


$. 11 

awherfcn turn away; awharf (pret^ Oaw. glon. Sfifi.' 
awerpen coat down, overthrme; aworpen a. r. 123; awarpen 
KaA. 590; awarpep rel. ant. 2, 210; aworpen (j>arL)a.r. 
278; awarpen Katk. 1284. 
awfisten waste; awfist« (pret.) La^. 6452. 
awildeti fawiligen) become wild, a. r. 176; hwtt uwileged 
(beieUderg) pe €ien a. r. 282. 

awinnen win, La^,. 18761 ; awiDiie a. i. Web. 1822 ; rel. ant. 
2, 243. 

awldten disffuat; awUted (part.) Hob. Glmir. 4W5, fl. 
awr&pien become tortitli: Ci^^) i>^3^ so s'^'l P''^ 'I't '■<! 
awrdi>e|) owl and night. 127ii. 

awreccheii? lerenck awayf & habbeil al mi kiiiohind 
awraeht ut of mire hond La'^. 15435. 

awreken reject, La^. 25194; avenge, 24898; a. r. 334; 
awreke Rich.. 1771; awrec (j»-et!) a. r. 331; «wrek«n 
part.') Triat. 3, 14; awreke owl and niffkt. 262 ; Rob. 
Uhmc. 388; awroken Chmic. C t. 3750; awmke via. 
P. P. 4200. 

awundreii wonder: seint Gregorie awunclred him n. r. t4iJ; 
iiwundrede (j»-«t) Kath. 312; stirpriae: awuiidred (part) 
La^. 15972; of ml tale ne beop iioglit awondred Ilalliw. 
diet. 123. 

awurien, OHOenn. erwurgeii, worry, strangle; awiricii cr. 
P.- P. 1319; awuried a. r. 202. 

!i, OFr. a, ab, Lot. ab. 
abaten (abate) abate, lower, subtract, HalUw. diet. 4 ; 
abatin prompt, parv.; abati Rob. Glouc. 54. 
abregcn (abregge) abridge, IJalliw. diet. 1 1 ; Wtel. gloss. 
3; Vhauc. C. t. 9531. 

apert open, Wicl. gloss. 5; Aiis. 2450; Hartah. met. t. 70. 
apertli openly, Hand. 22. 

assoilen (asoilen) asaoU, absolve, IVicl. gloss. 5; assoilep t>ia. 
P. P. 1833; asaoilli (pres. sttbj. Bek. 2027; asoiled (prO.) 
Qaw. gloss. 364. 

a, ad, OFr. a, ad, Lat ad. 
abet, OFr. abet, MLat. abettum, abet, abette (dat.) Shoreh. 58. 
acces, Fr. acchs, fit, fever, Halliw. diet. 13; aksis; 
a-tes t'AwMC. Troil. 2670. 

acointen, OFr. accointer, acquaint; acoiiitede (pret) Itob. 
Glouc. 15, 21; akointed {part.) a. r. 218. 
acomblen (a = en?) ? acomeled (^art) cramped, enervated 


(tffith cold), Wr. voc. 161; acomelid prompt, pom.; acum- 

blid Wicl. gives. 3. 

accumplislmo acconiplisk : j>ei accomplishen Chauc Boet. 5. 

UCOldeii accord, agree ; acordip (pres.') * Wicl. glosn. 3 ; 

avordeden (^re(.) Chauc I. g. w. 1735. 

akoveren recover, a. r. 364. 

ai'useii (acilsi) accuse, S/ioreh. 34. 

acheveii achieve, Qaw. gloss. 363; aclieved [^parL) Chauc. 

r. r. 20i9. 

addeu add, Chauc. Boet 3. 

at'aitsn (aifaitenj, OFr. afaitiir, prepare, tame, Rob. Oloac. 

179; Kia. P. P. 2607; afeited (part.) a. r. 284. 

affermeii, OFr. aifermer, fx, settle; afferiued {jpart.) Chauc. 

C. t 2351. 

afSeii, OFr. affier, confide, Chauc. r. r. 5480; iified (pret.) 

Alin. 7351. 

ariight, OFr. afflict, afflicted, dejected, Octoo. 191; Gow. 

conf. am. 1, 210. 

afolan become foolish; aloled (part.) owl and night. 206. 

aftVonten, OFr. atfranter, affront: an if a pore mau speke 

ft wonl, lie shal bfi foule affrouiited Wr. p. a. 337. 

afouiitireii founder; afouiidrcd {part.) Mand. ti9. 

agreggoii, OFr. agregier, agraoate, liaUiic. diet. 33; Wicl. . 

gloss. 3. 

agiweii aggriece, llalliio. diet. 33; agrjvith lud Coo. 41, 

alegeii (aleggcii) aUege, via. P. P. 6751; allege faiegge) 

Chauc. C. (..9532. 

itlegeii, OFr. alegier, <Me-'iate. Chauc. r. r. 662(i. 

alii^ett, OFr. alusei', praise; alosed (part.) Chauc. r. r. 2354. 

aloiieii, OF'r. allouer, allow, approve; aloue (pres.) Mick. 

4(i62; i aloue po Chauc. C. t 10988. 

amateii, OFr. amatir (tire-, cmp. Oerin. ermatten (tire), 

diunt, Haltiio. diet. 52. 

apayen aatiafy; apayed (part^ Will, gloss. 212; vix. 

P. P. 4012. 

appareil apparel, Wicl' gloss. 5. 

apeisen, OFr. apaiser, a^jjease; apeissd (pret.) Chauc. 

Boet 4. 

appcroii [appere appear, Chauc. eompl. bl. kn. 611; l)ei 

app^reii Mand. 273. 

applieu apply, Chauc. Boet. 5. 

aipproch'eb' dpproifbk r jifci approchea Chavx. Boet 5. 


* n 

aquiten faqidten?), Fr. acquitter, acquit, requite, Halliw. 
diet.; Wicl. gloss.; Ckauo. r. r. 6742; acwiteu a. r. 124. 
arai (arraij, OFr. arroi, array, order, WiU. gloss. 212; 
Chanc. C. t. 8138; dress, 6509; Mand. 252. 
araien, OFr. arroyer, arreer, array, arrange, dispose, pre- 
pare; araie WUl. glosa. 212; arraye Ckavc. C. t. 8837; 
(pres. imper.) Mand. 21 A. 

aresten (areste) arrest, atop. Chain:. C. t. 829. 
aretten (arette) impvfe, charge, Wiel. glosa. 5; aretteit 
[part.) Chavc. C. t. 2731. 
aniven (arive) arrive, Brand. 11; Mawd. 31. 
assailen aasaU, a. r. 362; Maiul. 3f)l; Wicl. glo-ia. 5; 
asali Bo'k Glouc. 394. 
aasembleu assemble. Ckauc. Ttoef. 3; a-ieinhleiloii (pret.) 

Wai. glosa. 213. 

asent asserU, Shoreh. 57. 

assenten, OFr. asseiitir, nssent, C/inur. I. g. w. 730, 

assetz, Fr. assez, assets, vis P. J'. Ilft4(l; asetli prompt. 

paro. 182; Wicl. glosa 5; Chatic r. r. 5600. 

assise assise, statute, law, a, a. ll-'ei. 2490; Oetov.fil; asise 

Rob. Glouc 53; assise aiee, Triam. 1557; pretti Kt i»l" 

longe assise NaUiw. diet. 98; aslse aite, place, WUl. glosa. 

213; assise Chauc. r. r. 1237. 

atteint, OFr. atains, attaint, convicted, Rob, Br. 122. 

atir attire, Lai,. 3275*; aUre Octav. 882. 

■atireu attire, prepare, dress, s. s. Wr. 3218; atires Rob. 

Br. 207. 

avancen (avance) advance, Min. 39; Ckauc. C. t. 246. 

atentire adventure, a. i: 340; Alts. 7837; be {by) aveii- 

tfire Mand. 185; auiiter Gate, gloss 365; aiitur ant. 

Arth. 1, 1. 

avis ad ice, opinion, Chatic. C. t. 1870; Mand. 180; 

Bob. Br. 32. 

avisen (avise), advise, Wicl. gloss.; Gate, gloss.; of pine 

answere avise pe right wel Ckauc. I. g. w. 335, 

avoiden (avoide) avoid, clear, do' away, Wicl. gloss. 6; 

avoid (_j>res. imper.) get out <j the way, lud. Gov. 131. 

avouen (avovi'e) avoir, Wicl. gloas. 6. 

avoutrie, OFr. avoutrie, advoutrie, adultery, Mand. 54 ; 

Chavc. C. I. 6886; (advoutrifi) 9309; rel. ant. 1, 29; 

Sartsh. met. t 170; apd. 78. 

awaiteu avait, watch, look, see, vis P. P. 6280; out he 


U i 

jeode for te (to) awaite (look) what pat wonder w^ie Bek. 
86; luiue voaii ifoea) awaiU'djn lue mid tricli^Mic t, r. 
a20; Hweiti;! (}.-art.) Wicl. gloss. 

i, MHOerm. k lien. wb. 1,2, ah, oh, a. r. 52 : Omi. 12808 ; 
liek, 1177; a. «. [Fr. 1250; vU. P. 1'. llfilfi; Chaue. V. t. 
1080; a wei alas, La'y 7223; AoJ. Giowc. 262, 13. 

a. ji^ffa-. a £Hwt. lex. 55. 07cei. ftp E^tiss. lea-., OHQerm. 
en, io Oram's spi'sck. I, 513, Goth. &w Sch. gloas^ Dlefenb. 
wb. 1, 26, a, ei.-«)-, Zn^. 3836; 0)t». 1088; i (:ia) Knth. 
liit4; & baten ende Orm. 21; world & buteii ende a. r. 
iJ9(>; ever and o Mapea 342. 

fiwher, ASasr. ihvaer, OHOerm. eobwar, any where, IlalUm. 
did. 122; iwre Mar. mir. pi. 121; owbar Orm. 833; 
owher Chaue. C. t. 655; Oow. conf. am. 2, 349; ouhwar 
a. r. 60; ouwbar? {printed oiiwhar) Will, glosi. 238, 
ftwpir, ASase. SJivaeder, AvJer, ader, OFri». Ahwedder, 
auder lUchth. wh^ OllOervi. eohweilar, see Gr. gram. 
3, 723, either, Halliw. diet 124; Super Oaic. gloat. 365; 
JViij)er in dfide or p<}^t Htdliw. diet. 113; Aupir ant. Arth. 
Hi, 3; owper uter, Orm. 124; owper of pfl.m Iw. 3589; 
ouder of peos two a, )■. 286; d\i\i6T . . . oi Mand 184; ouper 
bi ilaye or bi nighte Percef. 87; oujier or, vis.P. P.&12; 
oiper... or Rob. Br. 2, 17; oiper w Alts. 4899; oder on 
bim sulf oder on his freond a. r. 202 ; oper dairim 
oper daisterre owl and night. 328; Oper catel oper clOp 
cr. P. P. 231; oder (oper) or, L03. 645; Kath. 93; 
a. r. 8; Rob. Glouc. 315, 6; Trist. 3, 41; Chavc. C. t. 
1595; opir ^iii. 6780; oper? Orm. 480; 6255; blipe Oper 
grom oicl and night. 990; liper oper god Wr. treat. 133; 
or Orm. 10882; Vhauc. 0. t. 738; or bi nighte or hi daye 
vis. P. P. 8765. 

ouhwuder, ASax. ihvider, any whither, a.r.l72; 6whidre 
„any where", Wid. gloss. 33. 

fiwiht, ASax. fiviht, auht, aht, OHQerm. eowiht, aught, 
any thing, Orm. 6905; .eawicht a. r. 124*; eawet, eawt 
a. r. 296*; Knth. 1193; au^t Wicl. gloss. 6; ftught Rich. 
2460; via. P P. 3331; oust WHl. t/loss. 238; out a. r. 
124; owth tfor, ouht?) Mar. mir. pl.'i9; i^t Shoreh. 95; 
agbt Halltw. diet. 31; 6ht (obt) Orm. 432; Wr. spec. 71; 
pe heODi Cbt lufeden Lai,. 25346; o-^t owl and night. 662; 
if he me wolde epousi ost (any how) liek. 109; oght Mar. 
mir. pi. 122. 


at>bei 16 

6i ay, eoer, Kaih. 137; Oiavc. C. t 63; Isunib. 643; Lid^. 
m. p. 46; to pe blisse pat &i slial bS Wr. spec. 75; longd 
is fti aiid longo is 6 106; di wipouten eiule 11 heauji 
disc. 531; ki m&re, OHGerm. io mei-, ATatA. 1683; for ai 
/w. 1510; a5 Omu 265. 

aewlier, A&ix. aeghvaer, OHGerm. eogihwar, every leliere, 
La'^. 13372; fiiwher Gaw. glosa. 364; fiihwar Hick, ifiea. 
1, 223; ftiwhar Tri»t. 2, 107; Rob. Jir. 78, 11; eihwer 
Kalli. 1728; e^wliacr Oitn. 645; 6ghwiir vl/w. 6754. 
aeider, ylSfw. aeghvaeder, aegder, OHOerm. etigaliwuilar, 
eUker, La^. 15982; 4iper UalUa>. dtcL 35; Gatr. tjloaa. 
364; Havel 2665; ». a. Wr. 787; aiper of p&m/w.3536; 
in aiper 630 IIV. treat. 139; fiiJer (eij)er) Ka^. 1983; 
owf flW n^A(. 7»4; Alia. 6773; «w. P. P. 5330; t« ^ilwi- 
Umped his dole a. r, 10; on £iper tjde Hob. Glove. 17, 4; 
esper lieore Onn. 413; diper ... or Chauc. V. t. 1647; 
djier ll'iii^ glos». 222; gper of 30W Degreo. 1177; erV or, 
rei. ant. 1, 217. 

Swc, jlSojr, aeghvylc. aelc, OHGerm. eogihweliher, OFrin.- 
elk, 6k, see Or. gram. 3, 53, //. zeiUrhr. 11, 312. eaeh, 
gwc (gucbl ffa(A. 1231; 4uch 20; «. r. 14; owl and night. 
1222; etch (elch?) La^. 1825; filches londes Igeu.) 9921; 
ech oW owd nt^Ai. 434; Wr. treat. 132; C/wtwc. C. (.793; 
Tor. 2758; fiches {gen.) Brand. 3; fiche (doi.) owl and 
night. 798; 6ich Mar. 17; uch ir?-. spec. 42; flch 
& mon transact. 18, 25. 

abbei, i^r. abbaye, Lat abb&tia, abbey. Brand. 12. 

abbot, ASax. abbot, abbod, MHGerm. abbet Ben vb. 
1, 2, Lat. abb5{t)s, a66o*, BraW. 12; abbod a. r. 314; 
alDbed Lai,. 13035. 

able, Oi)MicA abel iCi/. rficf., /"r. habile ? see Diefettb.wb. 

1, 2, oiie, Chauc. C. t. IC7; abillere (compar.) Halliw. 
diet. 7 ; ablere Wid. glosa. 3. 

abeltiche ably, comt of maa. 243. 

ac, ASaa: ac, ah £((»». lex. 2, OSax. ac SrAm. jf^om. 
3, Go(A. ak Diefenb. wb. 1, 31, OHOerm. oh Gro/'s 
sp-scA. 1, 118, ftw(, Orm. 73; ffot. G/w/c. 2, 14; Trist. 

2, 38; s. s. Web. 1313; z-w. P. P. 1483; ac pat ne schalt 
pou nevere do Shoreh. 34; iiis iifiii^t malice, ac hit is 
Use 153; ac ajeu rijt hi bcop Bek. 1624; ak Wr. 
p. s. 211; ok Hick. thes. 1, 231; acb a. r. 268*; ac, ah 
oiclandnigU. 177; 1335; ah £03. 230; A'at/i. 5;auh a.r.6. 


»4 afiJxTO 

acharo, ASaa;. aecern. Low Germ, akeui, OTcel. akaxn, 
Goth, akran, Dutch aker, acorn, accorn, acharn, accham 
prompt, parv. G ; achomes {pi.) Chauc.Boet.2; ekii Hedliur. 
diet. 37. 

ad, ASax. ad, OHGerm. eit, pUe of Jire-wood, Katk. 
1365*: 6d „rogus", Wr. voc. 94, 

addere, Dutch adder, adder, via. P. P. 12792; adder 
jt. 8. Web. 755; addur Wr. voc. 177; eddre Shor^. 161 ; 
Wicl. gloss. 15; eddir or iieddir prompt, parv. 135; see 

ad el, ASax. adela (coenum) Grein'a gloss., OSwed. a^del 
(lotium) Ihre'a glosa.. Germ, ade! (coenjMw, hitum, lotiiim) 
Gr. wh. 1, 177, addle, putrid water. 
adelei addle-egg, owl and night. 133. 

adese, ASax. adesa Grein's gloss., addice, Wicl. gloss. 
3; .idis HaUiw. nwg. poet. 14. 

ftdle, ASax. adi, disease, {ace.) Orm. 4803. 

udlen, aildle, earn, Orm. 4185; pank a^ile Mar. mir. 
pi. 140; adied {part.) Onn. 6235. 

ae, AStue. ea, 01cel.k, water, river, La^. 1400; Orm. 7091. 
Ae,'ASax. ae? see 6. 

Sbare, ASax. aeber, OFris. aber, auber Richth. wb., 
OIlGerm. aparer {apricua), -manijest, La^. 2271; aebaere 
(/>Z.) Orm. 7189; in ebber fol Halliw. d.ict. 328. 
aegaed? company? in aegaede (aegede) & in le^kes Orm. 
2166; 8046. 

aefen, ASax. aefen, even, vesper, La^. 26696; efen 
Orm. 4353; even Goto. conf. am. 3, 13; Chauc. C. t. 
6332; aven rel. ant. 1, 194; ave Halliw. diet. 
^yenii^t evenlight: at evenlight in the evening, Degrev.X&dl. 
^ventld eventide, a. r. 404; Pei-cev. 1129. 

evening, ASax. aefnung, evening, La^. 30419, 
aefre, ASax. aefre, ever, Orm. 206; fifre, fivere a. r. 
4; 62; ^vre owl and night. 356; Brand. 3; ^vere Chauc. 
C. t. 834; evere bdten ends rel. somjs 7, 32; fivere m6 
Wr. (red*. 132; Hoed. 1, 199; aevere luaere La'T,. 21920; 
dvere more Mand. 241; aever Relc every, La^. 4599; gvpr 
gcb WiU. gloss. 223; VTic^. <?/t>ss. 17; ' eaver 4ucb A'«(A. 
785i ever nlc ia3. 2378; ever ilk Iw. 2739; ^ver ich 
o. r. 4; CAflHc. C. t. 1853; 3'or. 2574; 6ver icb on a. r. 
252! k. of T. 612; fiver uch Wr. spec. 26; fiver ihwar 
everywhere, a. r. 200; eaver ihwer Kath. 681. 

:, Google 

aehte 17 

aehte, SAitt, ASckc aeht Ettm. lex. 52, Goth, aihts 
Dxefemh. wb. 1, 12, OHGerm. fiht Gra/'« *;w«cA. 1, 113, 
fr<nn Sih, possession, property, cattle, (aec.) iaj, 845; 1311; 
ahte Kalh. 1725; Wr. spec. 46; (</<ri.) JiTaiA. 233; ahte 
(ace.) Orm. 1609; ight .//a^itw. rf»W. 31; ftught s. s. TTei. 
738; Wn p. 8 256; all pe gold in his aujtiie (r.Aushte) 
Degree. 826; ^uhte {ace.) Havel. 2215; aihte (ace.) rd. 
ant. 1, 128; eihte a. r. 214; §i3te (jmit.) owi anrf nigM. 
1151; (acc.) flofc. G^omc. 537, 9; chte (acd) ^/w. 1507; 
ight? GwB. conf. am. 2, 378, 

aer, ASax. aer, kr, Gotk. air, Olcel. &r, OSax. OFris. 
OHGerm. &r, ere, before, LaT,. 372; Otoi. 814; air Gam. 
gloss. 364; Halliw. diet. 127; ear iTofA. 368; gr a. r. 10; 
HV. trcaf. 136; Ckauc. C. t. 837; ^r he w6re dM ere he 
waa dead, chron. of Engl. 462; 6r ant late Wr. spec. 99; 
to er Oder to leate a. r. 338; kr owl and night 857; /«t, 
1030; Degreu. 253; avow. Artk. 3,2; aar Alis. 5033; 
or HaUiw. dui, 590; Eglam. 256; aerer, ^Saa;. aeror, 
OHGerm. eror, ere, prius, La^,. 25351; lirar owl and n^ht. 
1736; firest, ASax. aerest, OHGenn. ei'mt, Jlret, a. r. 320; 
grat Ckauc. C t. 778; ^rst wole i wite moore vis. P. P. 
2292; on earst a. r. 152*; on aire earst Katk.i2d' irat 
Will, gloss. 212; Wid. gloss. 5; Arre, ASax. aerra, 
OHGerm. eriro, GotA. airiza, /ormer, a. n 14*; hirefirure 
freond rel. songs 5, 79; 4ror Eob. Glouc. 324,21; aereste, 
ASax. aereste, OHGerm. eristo, first, iaj. 12888; pe 
Sreste dole a. r. 8; lire earste ealdren Kath. 885. 
aerdaed former deed; aerdaeden (erdede)(ti«(.^i.) Las. 8745, 
earlich,, a. r. 258; Miche 20; Bek.905- erli Chaac, 
C. t. 10693; earliche Kath. 116; 4rllche s. $. Web. 204 
orli Hob. Br. 32, 1. 

&rmorwe early part of the morning, Halliw. diet. 84; 
ftmemorwe 85. 

aerende, ASax. aerende Mm. lex. 67; OSax. Arundi 
Sckm. gloss. 8; OHGerm. Aninti Grafs sprsch. 1, 438, 
errand, message; aernde (earende) La^. 25266; grende 
owl and night. 463; fimde Orm. dedic. 159; Wr. p. s. 
329; Aiiuid. Bobs. 20, 3; erinde a. r. 246; erande Bek. 
1234; grand Trist. 1, 77; 6rond Degrev. 904; Arende 
rd. ant. 1, 130; Arunde Em. 8. 
SrindehEre messenger, a. r. 60, 
aerendrake messenger, La^. 660. 


18 aerenden 

aerenden, .^(Kc.aereadiaii(nun(»are), OHGerm-Maiont 
commendf erode me to pi l&ye l&rerd Kath. 2158; pro- 
cure? ernde {imperat.) Wr. spec. 62; emde (firende) me 
I>e bliBse of heovene a. r. 38. 

firnding intercagion, Wr. apec. 58. 

aet, ASax. aet, OSax. it, OHOerm. 4z, from eten, 
eating; aete {dot.) Orm. 12329; compos. overSt. 

aew, ASa^. aev, ae, OFria. ewa, OHOerm. 6wa, filia, 
fia, OSffiK. eo jeM. fiwes, matrimony; ae (occ.) Orm. 145 
aewbraeche (Jtyr -breche) „ad^er*^, Wr. voc. 95. 
Sbriche advltery, rd. ant. 1, 215; eaubniche a. r. 204. 

afel? cmp. LotB Germ, avel {enO), evilf bihShten god 
to donne, and pat afel (ufel?) td forgontie La^. 18437. 

afel, A8ax. afol Ettm. lex. 1, OSatx aval Schm. glosa., 
OFria. aevel? Etchth. vih. 615, Olcd. afl %»(«. i«r., 
Btrmath, Orm. 3717. 

a^r, 0/crf. afarr, horse; averes {pi.) HaUite. dict.ll7. 

aflen, OTcel.B.Q&, Off Germ, afalon ? 6<Je(; afled(part.) 
Orm. 7903. 

afte, Ofm. afte? law, right? Wr. p. s. 210. 

aften, A8ax. aeftan, aft; afte? ». a. Wr. 701; compos. 

after, jISoot. aefter, OSaa-. aftar, OUGerm. after, 
Oi'"ri«. efter, a/*er, /rort, X^otA. 744; Orm. 120; owi a«d 
night. 140; firand. 6; (aftre) Mand. 237; aefter (after) 
£03. 19; efter a. r. 14; he. 388; after, /wwfeo, A'ofA. 
1235; via. P. P. 98; eafter iaj. 1571; efler a. r. 314. 
afterclap, Dutch achterklap, detractioa, defamation, Halliw. 
diet. 28. 

aftorcomer Wid. gloaa. 3. 
afterdel disadvantage, Wr. diet. 34. 

aftertale, ODutch achtertaele, ill talk, slander, Bek. 627, 
afterward Orm. 14793; Bek. 119. 

aglet, OJr. aglet, tag, „aetia", prompt, parv. 8; aglot 
hid. Cov. 241. 

ague, Ft. (fievre) aigue, ague, vis. P. P. 14093; agwe 
Wart. hist. 2, 58; aguwe 2, 86. 

a3e (a^he), ASax. age? Olcel. agi, Goth, agis, awe, 
fear, Orm. 7185; Mar. mir. pi. 175; ab3e UaUiw. rfwtf. 
34; awe Chavc. C. t. fi56; fiob. Br. 215, 20; ffacd. 1, 
383; prompt, parv. 17; for love ne for awe Will. ghaa. 
214; aighe Wr. diet. 144; tee eje. 


&3en 19 

ajefiil ffaUm. diet. 128. 

ajlSa Goto, glosg. 366. 

aghllch rfe^ivi", Gate- glou. 363; ajellche a. r. 56*. 

&3eii, ASasc. &gan, OSiur. £gan, 0/ce2. eiga, OHGtrm 
eigan, &otA. aigan, /rom Ah, owe, have, £413. 11761; &^en 
0>m. 6389; &we Havel. 1292: &wand {part.) Amad. B<At. 
3, 8; ojep (;wes.) ZaT. 3058*! owep Chauc. C. t. 662; he 
^te {prH.) might, Kath. 2461 (ha) &hten to wite 263; 
&3te t^jotiessed", Gaw. gloss. S6Q; Amad. Robs. 14, 13; pu 
fkujtest Bek. 352; pis gold &ugh.te eir Isambras /mmfr. 
659; ohte TTr. spec. 62; ouhte ov^^f, a. r. 2 ; possessed, 
390; pu 3ulde pet tu (= pu) ouhtest {owedat) 406; du3to 
„might, owed, owned"*, Wiil. gloss. 236; dught« vu. P. P. 

13811 (fighen), ASax. igen, OSaa:. ^gan, OFris. 6gen, 
fiin, Olcel. eiginn, OIIGerm. eigener, own, prcmruis, Orm. 
3039; Hedliw. did. 31; to his hT^eae londe ^03. 14200; 
Ihoe (dot.) Ktfih. 409; Aughen Hallivi. diet. 110; &wen 
ZsiimJ. 635; avow. Artk. 57, 5, B06. Br. 182, 25; ftwin 
/u. 563; &weD, Auen (?au). ^Iom. 365; hau Amad. Robs. 
46, 4 J owen a. r. 158; HV. p. s. 199; CAomc. C t. 806; 
ouen «. ». Wr. 2144; is (Aw) 6une hand Wr. p. 9. 248. 
fthnien, ASax. SLgai&n, OIcel.eign&, OlJGerm. eigeaen, 
from 43611, own, acquire, La^. 25359; &hnen Orm. 5649; 
Uinede (dhaede) La^. 118S4; compos. i&3iiieii. 

owener. Germ, eigner, owner, wills and invent. 22. 
kh, ASax. ah, OFris. ftch, Goth, aih, Olcel. ft, {pret. 
pres.) owe, have, owl and night. 1469; pe moD pe lutel &h 
La^. 3058; god &h pe litel mSde Orm. 16529; pu &3est 
Laj. 16706 ; pu ahest to cflden K<ah. 539*; (hi) ihen a.r. 52* ; 
we Aghe IJaUiw. diet. 31; i &w 121 ; (he) aw Gaw. gloss. 
366; it aw wel at (to) b€ pin Iw. 3668; as hit kw {is 
due) Mar. mir. ^.98; ftw he pe &Di mare Amad. Robs. 
24, 1; 3e Awe 1, 4; ich oh Wt. spec. 70; 36 oheii 
rel. songs 5, 2 ; ase mon otih to donne a. r. 56 ; pu owest 
126; ancreu fiwen to hatien ham 82: we 5we yit fourti 
ponnd Chauc. C. t. 7688; deriv. &T,en, aehte. 

aht, aeht, oht, cmp. ASax. eaht, aeht {aestimatio), 
respectable, worthy, brave, La^. 4317; 4863; 7063; aht owl 
and night. 1477; he is wurpful and aht man 1479; a3t 
flot. GLouc. 377, 12 ; oht Ka^. 1727*; O^t Gaw. gloss. 401 ; 
ahtere {comp.) La^- ■1348. 


20 ante 

alitliche (ohtlTche) La-^. 997. 
ohtsdpe La^. 24671. 

ahte, A8ax. eahta, ahta, OFris. achta, OSax. OMGerm 
ahto, Goth, ahtau, Olcel. atta, eight, chron. of Engl. 324 ; 
aght Iw. 1438; a^t llcdliw. diet. 128; auglite 110; auht 
Rob. Br. M. 3,341; aehte (eahte, ehte) La^. 3919; 
26502; ehte Orm. 580; eihte a. r. 12; eijte Rob. Glotic. 
533, 16; Wicl. John 20; eight Mand. 12; eite Ivkl. 
Cov. 12». 

eihteode, ASax. eabtoda, eighth, a. r. 236; eihtepe Wart, 
hist. 1, 15; eightefte via. P. P. 9538; eitede ^iW. Cop. 83. 
ehtetene eighteen, iaj. 18014*; eijtetene Rob. Glouc. 407,23. 
eijteti, ABax. eahtatig, eighty, Wid. gloss. 15. 

ah t lien, atlieu, Olcel. aetla {cogttare, decernere), fron\ 
*aht, ASax. eaht, aeht {deliberatio, aestimatio), as aahtleii 
from saht, etUe, think, intend, design, tend, go; aghteled 
(part.) HaUiw. did. 31; aghteld a. s. Web. 3053; allien 
Laj. 25996; atteli Will, gloss. 213; attle (pres.) Gaw. 
gloss. 365; atlede {pret.) La^. 30846: hire tej) aren 
white ase bon of whal, evene set ant atled (arranged?) 
al Wr. spec. 35. 

atliug estimation, LaT,. 25761. 

aim ere, ASax. aemyrie, Olcel. eimyrja, ember, rel. 
ant. 1, 52; Bimeri prompt parv. 136. 

air, Fr. air. Lot. aer, air, Mand. 312; eir Wr. 
treat. 138. 

aire, Fr. aire? haukes of nobule eire Degree. 46. 

ak, ASax. ac, aec, OFris. fik, 0/ce/. eik, OHGerm. 
eih, ooi, IFn voc. 228; &ke (rfa(.) rrf. otU. 1, 52; 6c 
Wr. voc. 91; ok (ook) (7AaMC. C. t. 174; oke (Jat. ^.) 
Mand. 190. 

ake, ylStw;. ace, aece, from aken, ocAe, ^i«, ake or 
ache prompt parv.8; ache lud. Coe. 223; aeke a. r. 368; 
see eche. 

aken, ASax. acan, Olcel. aka (itcAi'} ? /W. agere? 
imA*', pain, ake ftwi. Coo. 232; akep Skorek. 2; »m. /". F. 
4314; m!n eeres aken Chauc. C. t 15331; eke (prea. 
swbj.) a. r. 360; 6c (pret.) La^. 6707; 6k Rob. Glove. 
68, 18; oke vis. P. P. 11756; deriv. ake, eche. 

aker,- ASacc. aecer, OSax. accar, 0/cei. akr, Goth, akrs, 
OHGerm. achar, Lat. ager, aker, field, Wr. voc, 92 ; chron. 
Engl, 16; akir Wicl. gloss. 3- akres (pi.) Rob. Br. 116. 


al 21 

akerland arable land, Wr. voc. 270. 

akennan farmer, Hallito. diet. 36; acreman lai le fr. 176, 
al, AHax. all, eall, 08<Kc.0FrU.&\0Icel.&\\r,0Haerr,^ 
iiller, Ootk. alls, all, Kalh. 189; Wid. John 4; al pie 
laud Alis. 886; al mine soiile a. r. 04; alle blisse via. 
P. P. 11189; alles (fjen.) entirely, absolutely, Kath. 796; 
a. r. 64; Rob. Glouc. 17; p6 heo was ftUes pider icome 
Bek. 73; mid alle {dot.) mihte a. r. 4; mid nllc witkal, 
Kath. 656; owl and night. 1456; wi|l alle Omu 2174; 
no malice at al Chauc. C. t. 8921; nlle (p/.) Mand. 10; 
alle halwin ail hallows, Rob. Qloac. 416, 14; alle and 
some all together, Wr. spec. 42; Rich. 5846; all aad 
same Wr. s. a. c. 74, 20; alie (gen.) Kath. 254; aller 
vis. P. P. 11218; Chauc. C. t 588; s. a. Wr. 365; alder 
Will, gloss. 212; Wid. gloaa. 4; alper *. s. Web. 3560; 
Ilavel'. 1978; Li'rf^. m. f. 20; here aire fet Brand. 17; 
on aire ^rest a. r. 136; pe aire worste Wr. spec. 104; 
aller m^t Wr. p. s. 336; alle {dot.) Kath. 125; of alle 
Chauc C. t. 798: al edl, quite, a. r. 82; oiol and night. 
27; al r£di H'^m;^. ^^«s. 4; al mid wisdome Lot,. 443; 
al to longe Bek. 774; Chauc. l. g. w. 824; al to ffiwe 
Hhoreh. 93 ; al an opir rule Mocd. 3, 7 ; all iiie alone, 
HaUiw. diet. 43; per hue wonede al one Horn 80; all 
anli HalUw. diet. 46; al most harrow. 47; al mest Brand. 
7; al swa (swa?) also, as, Lar^. 70; 24579; Kaih. 1986; 
a, s. Web. 3945; an oper es al swa Perceo. 1452; al swa 
as so as, sicut, Kath. 289; al swa se Orm. 3536; al swo 
alse hit is biforen iseid H. zeitsckr. 11, 298; al so, alse, 
als Gam. gloaa. 364; al SO ase. a. r. 62; al SO sone so he 
mighte 3. a. Weh. 569.; alse LaT,. 4308; Orm. J4801; 
Awd. 7 4 ; alse ofte alse a. r. 8 ; alse (alse poh) heo 
woldea liggen La^. 1881; als vis. P. P. 2932; Perceo. 
684; avow. Arth. 65, 9; als mani as men list t6 have 
Mand. 209 ; als if it waere Orm. 589 ; als sir Iwaia m&de 
his mkoe Iw. 2303; ase wod wulf Kath. 31; as Chauc. 
C. t. 387; as hk set (sat) in k biir Kath. 139; as pah 
pe almihti ae mihte 987; as he were Chauc. C. L 1654; 
as pen then, Gow. conf. am. 3, 285; no mor of pis as 
nou Chauc. G. t. 14463; i schal ow telle as blive k. of T. 
1040; as for pe time Mand. 122; oa erZ T. 475; Eglam. 
247; al pus o. r. 238; al iilto. 717; al pah afcAou^A, Wr. 
tvec. 23 i al bS it pat Hoed. 1, 209 ; al be pat Halliw. diet. 38. 


83 aid 

altnahti; cUmighti/, Orm. 95; almibti a. r. 430; Wr. 

spec. 73. 

olvBoldeadB ttU-ndity, Kath. 615; alwaldinde Lot,. 19548; 

alwaeldend Orm. 3290; alweldand Iw. 2199. 

alluQge, ASax. eallunga, eallinga, totally, wholly, a.r. 164; 

allinge, iVr. p. s. 214; Hartah. met t 108; alMngps Mand. 

189; ailing Gaw. gloss. 3S4. 

aid, ASaar. aid, eald, 08aa;. aid, Of rw. aid, old, OHOerm. 
alter, fi^oiA, alpeis, dd, Lot,. 301"! Orm. 747; Im. 1556; 
Skoreh. 123; Mitt. 8; pen aide king Im^. 133; (w ealde 
lawe Shoreh. 44 ; old a. r. 6 ; pe olde man Brand. 2 ; eld 
or old prompt, parv. 137; eld Will, gloss. 223; Wicl. 
gloss. 16; S. a. Web. 1942; Octop. 656; s. a. c 13; elde 
(^.) Wr. spec. 95; ^wi. Coc. 73; eldere {comp.) Wicl. 
gloss. 16; eldeate {superlat.) chron. Engl. 423. 
eldfader grandfather, Wicl. ghsn. 16; ^aous", Wr. 
205; eld-(el-)fadir, „socer'*, prompt, paro. 
eldmSder grandmother, „avia", Wr. voc 205; „soci 
prompt, pare. 

aid, OHQerm. alta? <i&^ age, Orm. 8831; olde Gaw. 
gloss. 400; a. a. T^r. 641- 

alden? ASax. ealdian, grow old, make old; elden 
prompt, parv. 137; Otauc. r. r. 396; eldep {pres^ Orm. 
18826; aeldede (p'ef.) La-^. 2937. 

alder, ASax. ealdor, aldor, chief, a«lder L03. 12178; 
alderes {pi.) pxrents, ancestors, Gaw gloss. 364; aldren, 
aeldre (eldre) La^- ^^266; 7290; olders rel. ant. 1, 44; 
eldres Ckauc. C. t. 6700; vis P. P. 1894; eldrene (aen. 
pi) Kath. 81; eldeme rfep. of R 6, 19; eldren Trist. 
3, 47; ealdren Kath. 885. 
alderdsm principality, Orm. 18278. 

alderman alderman, chief, Orm. 14061; aldermon r^prin- 
cepe, comes", Wr, voc. 88. 

ale, ASax. ealu, ale, Mand. 251; {dot.) La%. 24440; 
rA. songs 5, 109. 

alebrey (-breye ?) sort of beoerage, prompt, parv. 9. 
alestake stake set Up as a sign befi)re an Mehouse, HcJliw. 
diet. 41 ! Chauc C. t 13736. 

alfejalf?), ASaa:. aelf, elf, ODvich alf, alve, Olcd. 
alfr, OHGerm. alp pi. elbe, d/, Aud. 77, alve (alfe) 
£03. 19268; alren (^) 19395; elf lamia, prompt parv.; 
Chaue. a t 6455. 

alfln sa 

alfiu, iled. LaL uiphiims du Cang£» gloaa^ btakop {at 
rheaa^ Haliito. du^ 42i Ivhberf Aid.; aufin „alfiniu'*, 
prompt parv. 

alvisch, MHGerm. elbisch, dvith. Gate, glots. 364; 
on alvisc smiiT 1^13. 21131; 4u elvish knight EU. rom. 
2, 90. 

algrim arithmetic, HaUiw. diet. 42: &xi%rimdep. ofH.29. 

aller, ASax. air, OHGerm. elira, alder^tree), Halliio. 
diet 44: olr almta, Wr. voc. 91 j aldir prompt, pare. 
ulderkir, ulderkcr, alderkar alnetum, prompt pare. 

almesse, ASax. aeliuesse, Gr. iXsi]{ioouv)] (pity), alvu, 
vii. P. P. 1507; Ckaiu:. C. t 4588; elmesae a. r. 322. 

alp, buUjiiuJi, rjicedvla'*, prompt part). 10; alpes [pL) 
Ckauc r. r. 658. 

alp? cmp. ASa^. yip, dephantf alpes hoa ivory, Hallivt. 
diet 49. 

aUene, Dutch aolsene, OHGerm. alan8a, daat, awl, 
Wr. voc. 150; elsiuG prompt parv. 

alter, Lot. alt&re, altar, Orm. 1061. 

am, Afiax. earn, eom, Olcel. em, Goth, im, Or. ilju, 
Oms. iWfrc.) om, Katk. 463: a. r. 430: 0»m. 205; Wicl. 
John 8i am, aem La^,. 720; 10524; art Kath. 450; Orm 
2206: l¥tW. JoAnS; cart, aert, ert ia^. 1442; 1499:2237; 
crtffl. r. 120; Brand.9iIw.4Sl;m Orm.667;he is riden into 
feldes Chauc. V. t 1505; aren oh. P. P. 9836; am Orm. 
4555; Ckauc. C. t 8218; ere Rob. Br. 2, 16; sinden (for 
sind) are, Orm. 3«j9; sunde, sunden La^. 16796; 20760; 
senden Hick. tkea. I, 223; si {adjunct.) Orm. 3378: seo 
Lai. 10498; seon {indicf) 13837; seod (indic.T) 13846 

amen, cmp. Germ, amen ant^ Oi^r. aoflner, earner, atm, 
^iH», (amin) prompt, parv. 190; of men of armes bold 
pe numbre pei ame (rim. w. name) Rob. Br. 228, 1 ; aume 
[pret.) Halliic. dia. 123; aime Will, gloas. 214; aimed 
(port.) ibid.; eime Wj'rf. t^^oss. 15; eimide (pret.) ibid. 

eiming eatvmatiqii, Wicl. ffloas. 

amete, A8aa. aemete, OHGerm. ameiza, ant; ameten 
(pt.) fio6. Glove 296,3; amte, ampte Wvd.glota. 4; anmte 
Lidg. m. p. 88; ematte Wr. voc. 177; emeten (;)?.) Bek. 
2141; emoten'Jits. 6566; antes rel. ant. 1, 202. 

amiae, OFr. a,axavice, MedJjat. ahauda duCange'sglon., 
ODvtch almuis, a(l)mutBe, amice, sacerdotal veatment cover- 
Mjr the head and ahovldera, prompt parv.; amise Wid. gloas 


34 omimUe 

a m p uU e, £af. ampulla, vial; ampullee (pi.) vii. P. P. 3&43. 

an, ASaa: an, on, OSax. OFi-U. OHOerm. »n,<0lcel. 
VI, tn, Wr. treat. 134; s. a. Weh. 172; an erpe Shoreh. 
102; an ende in the end, a. r. 146; aii, OU erest 248; 
204; an hoiide LaT,. 25446; kn horn hue her an houdi; 
Jlorii till; pe king bihuld hJin al an hoker Bek. 710; 
an hello rel. ant. 1, 132; a niorwe and €k an eve h. 
of T. 468; aan Salliw. diet. 2; his wlf lai . . . a bedde 
», a. Web. 1513; a londe and a watere (watre) La^. 550; 
vis. P. P. 11187; a feld in the field, 4081; he sloh a 
felde him pat ia (Aw) fader aquelde Horn 997 ; Iie3 al 
pe toun wfire a fiire Bek. 1049; M wende a loud Brand. 
H; a godes name 7; Ckauc. C. t. 85fi; a fote W^tci. ^^okk. 
3; adaye Will, gloss. 211; a m;^t Halliw. diet. 64; he M a 
slgpe k. of T. 397; bringed a vlihte (to flight), a. r.248; 
a laat 314; a aumere owl and niqht. 416; a {to) schamc 
1663; a {at) wille 1720; a {tlli) pat h^r com lldon mfl- 
of heore leoden Aa^. 6040; a det 30 boon greide a. r. 
16*; here limes ronne a {with) blodo Halliic. diet. S; 
on' Wm. gloaa. 238; on der sae (in pe 8&) Hick. tkea. 

1, 223; he r6d on bunting erl of T. 931; pal felle on 
slip 8. B. Wr. 2746; king on Englene loande H. zeitsckr. 
11, 298; on Abrabames Ume Orm. 4089; on pe dai 
Mattd.288; on eode Kath. 1486; on mi po^t Brand. 15; 
on live alive, La^. 3537; Wid. gloss. 31; Oow. conf. am. 

2, 372; on baste Alis. 1855; on pisse (pis) wise Kath. 
2110; Iw. 1577; ronne bournes all on {of, with) blode 
FloT, 609 ; on vriccbecraft nout i ne con of witchcraft I 
know nolhing, Wr. an. lit. 7 ; & Danmark on (o/) him 
wan Roh. Br. 57, 14; what shall worpe on maMar.mir. 
j>l. 151; sixteen hundred pei brought on live Rich. 2059; 
pat standep o pe godspelbsc Orm. 315; aenes o pe ^Sr 
1078; O fote Rob. Br. 163, 18; O de rode a. r. 262; 
o pisae wise 318; o (on) worlde Kath. 627; opat come 
domes dai harrow. 128; un Tor. 371. 

anbreken begin; breked on {imp.) Kath. 1301; be brec on 

{pret.) 2295*. 

aoufen above, Orm. 588; abufe Halliw. diet. 12; abuven 

a. r. 304; aboven Mand. 10; Chauc. C. t. 14565; aboun 

Gaw. glots. 363; apol. 64; abon Rich. 4361; Wr. a. a, 

e. 38, SI. 

liMtten about, a. r. 284 ; Orm. 921 1 ; abfit« ovA andntght. 646 ; 


an iS 

abUte midniht Kath.\74&; aboutin «, «. e. 11, 13; abouten 

faboate) Chauc. C, f. 2 1 D 1 ; aboute he. 2055 ; iwounden about* 

vis. P. P. 3540; aboute al ))e ur|)e iim gop Wr. treat. 

137; (hi) beop aboute liira to «;beiide Bek. 763. 

oucome ulcerous swelUttg, HaUiw. did. Oil. 

auefeil, aneal, beside, opposite, in regard, concerning, aiieii 

(for an eiiin) |)at vale Maitd. 80; aiiefeiit (t paragogic, 

see Gr. grant. 3, '217) a. r. 164*; anevent lin*;ajtentlialliw. 

diet. 61; anentis Wid. John 5; rel. ant. 2, 47; alle pat 

comeu aueintes (nenr) liem Mand. 288; aliens HaUUo. diet. 

61; anenkt god apol 3»; anemptcs Ilaltito. diet. HI, 

oufangen begin; feng on (pret.) Kath. 315. 

anfelt, ASax. aufilt, OlWemi. anafalz, anvU, Wr. voc. 

180; anvelt ret. ant. 1, 6; 6An«(r. b. dvck. 1165: anefelt 

FFtcI. glost. i. 

onfen iefftn, iaj. 21194; (be) fetl ou a. r. 88*; we vod 

on 74; fo we on owl and night. 179. 

aforen before, prompt, pare. j afore WicLglosa.; Oclav. 1341. 

onginnen begin; ongaii (prit.) Ornu 2801. 

onjein again, against, La^. 1900; onjaen Orm. 15; 

onsaeoea 249; ajein La^. 1667: (agein?) Tor. 810; 2709; 

agein pe lawe Gow. conf. am. 3, 177; a^ein, aseines WUL 

gloss. 212; a^ain, a^aines Gaw. gloss. 366; ajein, a;^en, 

ajeinis, a^eius, a^eiimt Iftc^ jZom. 6; ajen-Vowrf. la; ajen 

eve Wr. treat. 137: aje cunde Brand. 9! ogaiu HaUiw. 

diet. 586; ajeines /^3. 16223; a. r. 14; a^enst .flfaW. 220. 

ageinen. cmp. 0/IGerm. inga^geaen, encounter, tneet; a.-eine- 

den J>ere verde La^. 17S54. 

anhafen? keare up; aiihof (pret) La^. 21625. 

anhangen hang on; anheng (pret.) Imt,. 29358; auhongen 

(part.) 1023. 

anhangen hang on; auhoiige Bek. 724;. anhanged (part.) 

Chauc. C. t. 13690; anhonged a. r. 126; WiU. gloss. 212. 

anhebben heave up, La^. 12659. 

anhon hang oti, La^. 730; (hi) anhod owl and night. 

1644; anhon (part) La^. 30839. 

aoinne witAin, Laj. 6617. 

aker, akir, ASax. oncerr (aditus. inversio)f acker, „impetu» 

maris'*, prompt, parv. 8. 

onleggen lay on; onleide (prel.f [,<i~. 2077. 

anticnes, cmp. Bop'^s vergl. gram. 600, image, Z<a3. 1163; 

onlicnesse lUl; a. r. 18: Orm. 5056. 


36 an 

?oinhneii jEotter, a. r. 248; ioluhned (patt.) 180. 

oluhuunge {oliiininge) fiattery, a. r. 192; olhtnunge (olli- 

QUQg) Katk. 1502. 

onoad anont, against, about, far, a. r. 436; anonde 164; 

ononde 6; anont 124; onont 4; 110; Kath. 456; onont 

te (= pe) under 2531; aoante Wr. treat. 137. 

onsskeu attack; onsolite (pref.) La-T,. 5657. 

onseeQ look at; (sche was) so semli on to see Flor. 2071. 

onsene look, appearance, faciee, Wr. voc. 87 ; (occ.) oal 

and night. 1T04; as povre wif pat fallcp in ansine Wr. 

ail. lit. 10. 

ODsenden nmd on; on isend (part.) Bek. 618. 

onslaen strike on; onstejen (pret) La^. 1529, 

anstellen set on; onstalde {pret.) La^. 7132. 

ootenden (on = ond?) kindle, a. r. 92; ontende (preL) 

Kath. 1415* 

ontlhen accuse; holi churche . . . pat me ti^p on £eA:. 1 1 60. 

onto unto; peaungel seid onto me tud. Cod. 126; see unto. 

atween („attween") between, Lidg. m. p. 263. 

atwixen betwixt, prompt, parv. 17; Chauc. TroU. 417; a- 

twixe ^mt«865; atwix wUU and invent. 32. 

anunder under. Brand. 4 ; Wr. spec. 35 ; anonder Octoo. 560, 

anuven ahove, inmper, a. r, 236; anoven Wr. p. a. 188. 

anwald dominion, power; anwalde (dot.) La'^. 13950. 

anwalden wield; ich ne mai mine limes onwolde 10. 

an, ASax. Oleel. ann, OHOerm. an (':"), (pret. pres.) 
favour, grant, oiol and night 1737; as i Jie love and an 
Triat. 1, 77; jif god hit an Laj. 14851; ich on wel pat 
je witen Kalh. 1761; ^if je me blisse unned 2376; pe 
pe ufel unnen £113. 28117; compos, ian; <f€ru). uunen, est 

4n. ASax. 4n, OSax. OFrie. dn, Ooth. ains, OHGerm. 
einer, Olcel. einn, on, one, Kath. 1581; &q man Orm. 
11213; An hore Mand. 249; fin hound ft. 0/ 3*. 416; &a 
hundred Oow. conf. am. 2, US'- An widwe Orm. 7651; 
4n five mile Will, glonn. 212; An fourti 3*r fio6. G/o«c. 
223, 14; ka. Y^we wilde hinen 540, 17; an ka (OHGerm. 
in ein) anon, Orm. 225; £^ci<A. 31; an ka, aen -^3. 
1668; 28242; (lesde him) in ka (a) cribbe Orm. 3321; 
3366; 4ne aeote niht a. r. 278; ane kinges ... dohter 
Katk. 73: he &ne (alone) is to hdrien 224; i had no brupir 
bot him &ne Perceo. "2043; ftnes (gen.) La^. 30032; Anes 
(ka) maunes Orm. 23; 5813; wid bis &neB wjt Kath.^^9; 


ftn 37 

liire Anes (Jor &nre) mot S47; for pen ftnes (nl)e n&nes") 

_/br tAe nonce, Orm. 7160; & comen to J)an fines to fac- 

chen p4 stfinea £a^. 17304; 4ne (dot) monue a. r. 124; 

ou Sne daje £^5. 82; at fine agreed, reconciled. Degree. 

435; ftre (/or iiire, dot. f.) La^. 555; anoe (occ. m.) oiel 

and night. 797; aime stroc he ."^ef him Hob. OUmc 223, 14; 

ane {ace. f.) La^. 2400; Ane hwile A'o(i. 183; on a. r. 

20; pat 6n Wr. treat. 132; 611 old stoc oiol and night. 

25; an OQ a. r. 272; drS daiu-s slep he al an on ref. an(. 

1, 226; god one (afon^) WiH. gloaa. 238; ho was king one 

Rob. Olouc. 316, 4; mid his ones mihte a. r. leu; for 

pen ones („pe nones") Shoreh. 125; inAd for pen ones 

Alis. 1624; in one weie «. r. 150; in one hurno oml and 

night, l^; pei weoreu at one (agreed) k. of T. 277; as 

hit were for pan one Brand. 18; 14t pe gome one Oaw. 

gloM. 400; Are (dot./.) owl and night. 17; won Tor. 887; 

Aud.35; aenne (ace. m.) Orm. 3374 ; enne La~y 394 ; Shoreh. 

93; enne mon a. r. 5B; en oper Horn 576; i meiden 

Kath. 66; & crfine 1585; i so gret best iirand. 31; in & 

londe iTofi. 21; i fourtCn night 8. e. frpJ.2363; 6 luve & 6 

wil a. r. 12; at 6 time Roh. Gloac. 306, 17; but 00 schoo 

Chauc. C. t 255. 

anfald aimpU, Haliiw. diet. «2; Or-n. 18668. 

&nhad un^y, Kath. 932; dnhsd transact. 19, 333; TtW. 

(^/oM. 31; apol. 35. 

onleven, ASax. endleof, emllyf, endlyfen, OFris. andlova. 

Goth, ainlif, OHOerm. einlif, «ee Bopp'a vergl. gram. 447, 

Grimm's gesch. d. d. spr. 171, deoen. Rich. 2723; Onleven 

(eoUeve) Xaj 23364; finleve Degrev. 342; endleven ^6. 

<?fo«c. 298, 9; alleve Halliw. diet. 44; hi aellevene La^. 

14531 ; etleve Bek. 469. 

endlefte devenih. Hob. Olouc. 270,4; (eodlestw amietake) 

Alis. 57. 

ftnlepi^ OTiiy, «(n^i€, 0»-m. 11; &.iilcpi Kath. 74; a. r.ll«*; 

dnlEpi 366; apoL 38; oonllpi, ollpi Wicl. gloss. 31; &lpi 

rd. aid. 2, 275 ; 61pi a. r. 116; aenue aelpine < «cc.) brocter 

£03. 31461. 

onllch only, solitary, a. r. 164; oullcb lif HaUiw. did.. 

589} onlnkest («Mpen!at) a. r. 90; onhche (arf»,) H'tft 

gloss. 238 ; &nh /«>. 3744. 

onllhed solitary condition, Wid. gloss. 

onbneeBe id. wid. 


3S anole 

&nixd unanimous, a. r. 226*. 

onrednease unanimity, a. r. 12. 

OQwil I ^wil) jiertinacious, obntinaie, a. r. 51} ; 400. 

aacle, ASax. ancleov, OFria. onclew, cny». OHGei'm. 
anctuil and Olcel. okull, ande, Ohauc. C. t. 1662; Wr, 
DOC. 148; oncleou 87; anclowe (dot) Halliw. diet. 59. 

aocre, ASax. ancra, a/tchorite, a. r. 6; ancres (p/-) 
vis. P. P. B5. 

ancrea aitckor; iancred {part.) a. r. 142. 

and, aa, ASax. aad, ond, an, ou, OFrm. and, ond, on, 
OSaw. and, Ooth. aud(a), OHQerm. aat, eut, Or. avn, see 
Or. gram. 2, 713 & 808, a;(, wdA; compos, anond? 
anbeljen groio angry; onbol^en {part^ ^3- 1690. 
amboht, Qoth. andbahts, servant, Orm. 2329. 
anbresten? enrage'^ aaburateu I103. 25831; cnihtes an- 
barate <aborBt) weoren 25341. 

onbusen bow to, submit; onbu^en {pret.) La^. 6166, 
ondoD (on = un?) undo, Shoreh. 78, 
?endr63en dry up; endr^id {part) Degrev. 418. 
onfangeo receive, Orm. 635$; onf^ng {pret.) Ims- 134; on- 
ffingeE Orm. 14396. 

onfdn receive, XaJ. 1069; Onti. 17948; oufojp 4234. 
onsiten perceive, know, L03. 3R623; and3aetun (ire ainnes 
Orm. 15163; ansaet i^pret.\ La^. 15736. 
angromeo grieve; angromed {parti) Ualliic. diet. 63. 
anhnngren /aiMwA ; anbungi-^ {part) Alts. 1230; Octoo. 
467; Hardw. poem 23, 6; prompt, parv. 172. 
aniren m^e angry; anired Rob. Br. 151. 
ondlaet countenance, Orm. 12939. 
anlong along, La^. 138. 

onlouken (on = uo?) unlock, disdose, Shoreh. 55; onleak, 
oniric ipret) 79. . 
andsaete odious, Orm. 16071. 
anstonden withstand, Rob. Glouc. 267, 23. 
andfiware answer, owl and night. 149; answare Isumb. 
674; anfdjsware, aen(d)sware Lanswere La^. 2983; 4413; 
36355; andswere, andsware Orm. 3404; 12016; ansuere 
Rob. Glouc. 197,15; auswere Shoreh. 123; oiiawere a. r. 8. 
andswerien answer, La^. 23421; onawerien a. r. 94; and- 
aweren Ortn. 2036; answei-eii Chauc. 0. t. 6659; ich an- 
saerie Bek. 531; ansnerede {pret) Brand. 9; aoswerde 
Gow. conf. am. 1, 51 ; auswereden Mand. 229. 


and 29 

and, A8ax. and, OVris. and(e), end(e), OSax. endi, 
OHQerm. anti, enti, inti, nnti, <md, Katk. 289; owl and 
night 30; and jef (jif) La-7^. 3R92; and if TPr. an. lit 
12; and t/, irj/i.^^osa. 212 ; Qaw. ffloss. 3C<'i ; Percev. 115(1; 
rtH^ -ii'tA. 16, 2; and {^Wkkakerii edit, if) lie miglite vix. 
P. P. 5171 ;■ ant a. r. 174; an oml and night. 3S6; * s. 
Weh. 730; {if) Lar^. 3524*; a Halliw. diet. I. 

ande, cny*. ^^'ux. end, and (antea) Qrein'aglosa. 1, 233, 
MUGerm. ent, end {prim) Ben, wb. \, 430, .. . J)at ande 
sip {formerly) was cald Libi HalHw. diet. 60; see ender, 

aude, jli'aic. anda, onda (rancor, tnvidCa, indignntio) 
Grein's gloss., Olcd. andi (kalUus, spiritus, animus) Egilss. 
lesc, OSax. aiido (indignatio, ira, selus) Schm. gloss., 
OHGerm. an(a)do {zdvs) Graffs sprsch.- l, 267, breath, 
Iw. 3555; Toien. myst. 154: omle „(A)nWrae", Wr. vo^. 
146; rd. ant. 1, 226; AJis. 3501; Gow. conf. am. 2, 260; 
animosity, envy, La^. 22756*; Kath. 893; a. r. 104; Wr. 
p. s. 196; Rob. Glouc. 40, 3; ChniLC. r. r. 148; |iah men 
to me han onde Wr. spec. 29. 

ondi, ASax. andig, enwiou^, Mapes 336. 

aundirin, cmp. OFr. andier, andiron, promptparv. 19 

&nen, wmufe; oned (part.) Ckauo. C. t. 7550. 

anes, OHGerm. eines, (wice, .ffofA. 126; Iw. 292; ones 
JPiZ/.f/ioM. 238; I7t-.(n!trt. 132 ; il/ow(£.22I ;aenesZ.o5.29325 ; 
Orm. 1078; fines a. r. 70; Rob. Glouc. 197, 12; et ^nes 
a. r. 420; Snis [Pr. p. «. 203; Snua Aud. 43. 

ange, ASax. ange, enge, OflGerai. anger, enger, Olcel. 
ongr, Go(A. aggvus (/KW-row, strak). 
anxiim, ASax. angswm (strait). 
anxumnesse, ASax. angsumness, anxiety, Orm. 10457. 

ange, ASax. ange (?), OHGerm. ango, anguish, distress, 
nffiiction: him was wa^ (wo) & ange Onyi. 11904; £ (lide 
hem mikel ange 19804. 

angel, ASax. angel, OSax. OHQerm. angul, an^e, 
hook, (angil) prompt, parv. 12. 
angilhsc Wid. gloss. 4. 

angeltwache « worm used as a bait, ibid.; ongeltwaecche 
fVr. voc. m. 

angel, j4Sacc. aengel, engel, angel, Skorelr. 120; angles 
(pi.) Brand. 9; engel Kath. 666; a. r. 146. 

anger, Olcel. angr (trouble, harm), Dan. anger (j-e- 
pentance), anger, troubli, anxiety, Will, gloae. 212; Iw. 1629; 


30 angren 

Goto. ctmf. am. 1, 282; Chauc. C. U 7668; ed of T. 914; 
in anger or in t^ne Ckaiuc, e. I. ISil; in anger and in 
care Eglam. 150; in anger, pine and mekile woJtfar. mtr. 
pi. 161; angres {pi) via. P. P. 10133. 
angerlicbe aitgply, Oow. conf. am. i, 292. 

angren, Olcel. angra, anger, vex, O-m. 428; angrep 
via. P. P. 2706; angred {part) Ealliw. diet. 63. 

angri angry, rel. ant. 1, 8; Chavc. C. t 3157. 

anguise, OFr. anguisse, anguish, a. r. 234; angusse 
Wr. treat. 140. 

&ni3, ASax. &mg, aenig, OHOerm. einiger, any, Orm. 
1761; &ni Trint. 3, 64; oni JfaW.2; aeni,aei Lct3.4270; 
6663; £ni, &i a. n 8; 64; &mKath. 1267; Wr. treat. 133; 
Shoreh. 30; CAoitc. C. t. 108^ finyes (ffen.) Shorek. 95. 

anker, ^Sao-. ancor, anchor, \VM, glofs. 212; 3Vj>(. 
1, 34; Lidg. m. p. 50; ankir Odau. 433. 

anker, ASax. ancor, anchorite, Chauc r. r. 6348. 

onnesse, ASax. &nness, unity, a, r. 12. 

ante, OFr. ante, Lat. amita, autU, (aunte) vis. P. 
P. 2777. 

ape, ASax. apa, OHOerm. affo, ape, Wr. voc. 188. 
apeward via. P. P. 3770. 

appel, ASax. aeppeL OHOerm. aphel, apple, Orm. 
8118; Wr. treat. 132; pes eppel a. r. 52; applen {pi.) 
Brand. 32. 

appiilmOS, Germ. apfelmOS, prompt, parv. 13. 
appeltrs harrow. 93. 

ar, Olcel- or, ar, scor, cicatrix, BaUiw. diet. 77; arre 
Wid.gloaa.5; „4 nerre" t. e. &b erre WV. woe. 209; erres 
{pi.) BaUiw. diet. 338. 

Ar, ASax. Olcd. fir, oar, Havd. 1776; Are (tfai.) fW. 
1878; {ace.) Triit. I, 33; 6re {ace.) a. g. Wr. 3158. 

arber, OFr. arbriere {lieu platUi d^at^re*)? in pe 
garden, as i v4ne, was An arber fair and gr^iie, and in 
pe arber was & tr4 aq. of I. deg. 28. 

arblast, OFf . arbaleste, an engine for ahooting arrows. 
Rich. 1867; alblast Min. 16. 

Are, ASax. Ar, Are, Olcd. aera, fira, OSaw. OHOerm. 
6ra, OFria. 6re, grace, favour, mercy, Orm. 1476; Hartah. 
met. t. 38; Are, aere (ore) Zaj. 2972; 22382; ore (Are) 
a. r. 136; ore Boi. Qlouc. 340, 4; Cftawc. Ci. 3724; Tor. 
916; (hore) rrf. ant. 1, 102; (jSre) «. ». Wr. 1494. 

orfest pius, Wr. ixx. 90, 

ftren, ASax. &na,n, OHOerm.knn, ^pare, pardon, Orm 

aret? ASax. arod? 
arethsd d^nityf Itumh. 6; artbsd Degree. 8. 

arewe, Aoax. areve, arrow. Brand. 15; arwe (arewe) 
l^a'T,. 2476; arewe, arwe Wid. glaxa. 5; arwe Chauc. C. t 
9647; s. a. c. 10, 25; arewen (pi.) Alia. 5283; earewea 
a. r. 60; arwes Mani. 190. 

arf, OIcA. arfr iivSteritawse); see erfe. 
arfname heir, Orm. 17744. 

arfe|», ^S<Kr. earfed, dij^ffcwfe, Orm. 17334; earM(ervea) 
Katk. 99fl; erved (arved) a. r. 108. 

argul argal, argol, tartar, HaUiw. diet. 82; argoile 
{dal.) Chauc. C. t. 12741. 

ars, ASax. earg, earh {pavidm, pravua), OFrit. arg, 
erg (prnpwj), OHOerm. arger (avariM, pravut), OTcel. 
argr (mollie, limidui, mains), fearfvl, timid, weak, bad, 
ares <""' <"'<^ nijR 407 ; arje Gau^. gloss. 364; aru (arwe) 
A»6. Olouc. 457, 15; arwe prompt, pare. 14; j4i»>, 3340; 
(^(.) Ri'cA. 3821, pe arwe rel. ant. 1, 17fi; emh o. r. 274. 

arjen, OHOerm, argen, grotc timid; argez {pres) 
Oate. gloss 364; me arges (/ am afraid) of roi eelfe 
HaUxw. diet. 90; pat arghede (a^righted) alle pat per 
ware Percev. 69. 

ar^n ease fearjvlness, timidity, Haltite. diVf. 82 ; fUgb- 
nesse (ncc.) //oc<;?. 1, 435. 

ar^d ? ASax. yrgd, fearfvlness; are^pe (dot.) ovl and 
night. 404; aerhde LaT,. 8264. 

ark? arke, ASax. earc, earce, Goth, arka, OHOerm. 
archa, Oleel. ork, ark, chest, Wr. voc. 199; arke (dot) 
Havel. 2018;. (ace.) Eob. Br. 136, 20; arche (dat.) Laz 
8965; o. r. 334. 

arm, ASax. arm, earm, OFris. arm, erm, OHOerm. 
arm, 0/ce?. arrar, Gtrffi. arms, arm, Trwi. 2, 103; Hand. 
172; armea (pi.) (Pr. treat. 139; earmos SI>oreh. 123; 
earmes, ermes a. r. 394; 402; aerm (arm) Irfij. 28040; 
armen {dat. or aWoi. ^/.) 2333. 

arm, ASax. arm, earm, OHGerm. armer, Gotk. arms, 
poor, miserable; pe arme gume re/. «»(. 1, 186; arme (pi.) 
owl and night 537 ; aerm Lut^. 6606 ; deriv. erman. 
aermbche miserably, La^ 9435. 


33 a«muiig 

aerming, A8ax. e&rming, poor man, La^. 16690. 

armpe, ASax. earm^ ermdn, misery, rd. ant. I, 182; 
aermde {aec.) La;^. 16143, 

arreii, for*err&n, ASax. eorrian? arr, irritate; (arrin) 
liid.Cvt>.316; arreden (pret.) Wicl. gloa^. 

ars, ASar. ears, OHOerm. ars, arae, „amw'*, Wr. vor. 
179; }>r(fmi)Lparv.lA\ lud. Coo. IZ6 ; era vi». P. P. 2821; 
Ckaw. C. t. 3732. 

arten, Lo&artare, constrain, compel, Ckauc TroU.38S; 
Hoed, i, 8.- 

asch, ASax. aesc, OHOerm. asc, ascli, OfceL askr, 
cak, fraxinus, Wr. voc. 162; Ckauc. C. t. 2924; asche 
protitpt. pare. 15; esche 143; asche {dot.') lai le Jr. 26; 
(ace.) 168. 

asche, ASax. asce, axe, OHOerm. asche, Oleel. aska, 
(mA, cinU, (anbe) Oow. conf. am. 3, 345; asche n (p/.) Chauc. 
('. t. 1366; ashen, aisheii, asches Wicl. gloss. 3; ascheu 
Aland. 107; esche Shorek. 107; aslien a. r. 214; Havel. 
2841; askes Orm. lOOl; vU. P. P. 1554; axen Wr. p. t. 
203; (d^t jpl.) Imt,. 25989; asse-Halliw. diet. 95. 
askefise cinifia, prompt parv. 15. 

ftsche, A8ax. aesce, OHGerm. eisca, demand; ixe 
Las- 1053. 

aecheler ashlar, hewn stone, And. 78. 

&8chen, ASax. ^cian, aescian, &csian (ftxian), OFris. 
Askia, &9chia, Olcd. aeskja, OHOerm. eiscon, OSax. 
dscon, ask, (aache) Rob. Glouc. 16, 12; Eglam. 1090: 
&achede {pret.) Hob. Olouc. 16, 12; pu aishest owl and 
night 473; gsche Wr. treat 136; token a. r. 242; Orm. 
10278; &9ki Halliw. diet. 93j Aske^W. 79; Asked (;)ret.) 
Jtfand. 24; ixien Lot,. 7193; ixe rw. P. P. 2288; Gow. 
con/^ am. 1, 47; WicL John 1; Tor. 765; ich Acsi <pres.) 
Skoreh. 136; Axe CAaitc. G t 1349; Acaede (prrt.) «i 
ant I, 30; oxe JTr. p. s. 200; fisse Town. myst. 58; ^sse 
Boi. GfoMC. 196, 7. 

ashi osAy, CAamc. C. t 2885. 

Aske? ^Saa;. Sdexe, ask (eak),newl? arskes (/or Askes?) 
and oper wormes Wr. diet. 107. 

aspe, ASax. aespe, OHOerm. aspa, aip{lree), Wr. 
voc. 181; 285; Oiauc. C. t 2943; prompt, paro. 15; espe 
ffV. voc. 228; prompt paro. 143. 

aspen aspen: aspen Idf CKaiic. Tro»I. 4049. 


asse 33 

asae, ASax. assti, ea»,a.r.S2; Wr. treat 138; Skorek. 
122; Majtd. 70; asaen (pi.) Ckauc C. t. 5867. 

at, ASax. aet, 05aa;. 0/cei GoiA. at, OHGerm. az, 
ez, ai, Katii. 2500; at, aet La^. 5; G473; atte = at j)e 
l^r. treat. 139; CAawc. C. t 6851 ; at aenne time Orra, 133; 
at sume sipe herde i telle owl and night. 293; hit is mi 
wurachipe at [)aii ende 1286 ; she durst at {of) ho wight 
^ken it Chauc. Trail. 5341; toke lefe at paire dere 
freiides Isumb,li2'f es noght at (to) laine 7w. 703; i liafo 
uoght at do wip [)e HaUiw. diet 103; iwited et over 
meiden learn from your nutid, o. r. 64; a {for at?) ilu 
}Sand. 132; al pat pei han a da Chauc. r. r. 5080; wip 
wimmeD have pou n&t a do Lidg. m. p. 66. 
atafter after, Hallivi. diet 103j C/iauc. C. t 10616. 
atbereu bear away; atbar (pret) Halliw. did. 103. 
atbleochen evade, rd. »ong» 5, 8. 

atbreiden withdraw; atbroide {part) ou>l atid night 1378. 
etbrekeu break from, a.r. 172; atbraec ( pret^ La^- 1346. 
atbresten burst from; atbrested rel. ani. 1, 224; atbrast 
(pret.) Orm. 14734. 

atfallen faU from; atfallen (pari.) La-^. 4237; etfallea 
a. r. 342. 

atfangen receim; utfSngen (pre(,) Lay 15359. 
atfaren escape, iaj. 27071, 

atfleon _;?fe away, escape, a. r. 172; etflihd {pres.') 48; 
atitid owZ awrf ra^Af. 37 ; atfleh (pre(.) Las. 5209; otfluwen 
a. r, 172; etflowen (paH.) 48. 

atforeii before, Lay 2252; etforen a. r. 226; atvore Jio6, 
Qlouc. 351, 2. 

atgoii, escape, rd. ant 1, 176; atgo (part.) Wr. spec. 74. 
athalden withhold, retain, Lay 10970; atholde owl and 
night 695; Uartah. met t 96; etholdeu a. r. 208; athalat 
(p^es.) Boh. QLouc. 193, 20; ethalt a. r. 246; atheold 
\pret.) Lay 768; atheld (etheold) Kath. 99; athfild Hob. 
Glouc. 62, 11. 

atledeu lead away. Lay 3200. 

atliggen tie without; pat lond pat is looge tilde atleien 
rd. ant. 1, 128. 
atlutien hide, lurk, a. r. 400. 
atpreitchen escape? owl and night. 249. 
atrdcheii? aeisc, (oA:e away; atraught (_pret.) Halliw diit. 
106; atraht (pai-l.) Wr. spec. 37. 


34 at 

atrinen touch; atrlaed a. r. 50; atr&a (pret.) La^. 7558. 

atrinnen run from; atrao {pret) Orm. 1424; atam 

Shoreh. 149. 

atrfiten (atrAte) escape, oW and night. 1166; atroute Rob. 

Olouc. 7S, 7. 

atsakeD deny; atsake (prea.) La^. 28210. 

atschaken (atsceken) /y, La^ 26516. 

atech^ten shoot away; atschfit {pret) owl and night. 44; 

atschote ipart,') 1621. 

atsitten resist, Rob. Gloue. 137, 10; Havd. 2200. 

atslflpen? slip aioay; al min hope w^re etslopen a.r. 148. 

atsterten start away, escape, Katk. 2126; etaterten a. r. 

48; atsturte (astorte) (pret.) Lot,. 2316. 

atstouden atajtd at, jpitkstand, owl and night. 1 ^0 \ atstonde 

(astonde) £03. 2661 ; atstonde Rob. Qlouc. 15, 18 ; (astonde) 

20, 8; he nolde nowher atstoude (stop) Dele. 2258; 

etstondest reaistesl, a. r. 236; atstod (pret.) Rob. Olouc 

15,13; 5^t>ml455; (astod) cAroM. Enjf. 63 ; when hem most 

nfid atetod when they stood most in need. Amis 1728. 

atstutten? stop; he atstutte (pret) Kath. 23. 

atwappen escaped 6aw. gloss. 365; atwaped {pari.) ibid, 

atwenden evade, owl and night. 1425. 

atwinden fiy away, L03. 10003 ; Orm. 8004; atwond (prrf.) 

Laz- 87. 

atwiten? reproach; atwiste {for atwAt?) Rob. Olouc. 33, 18; 

BoTia'i.niet.t.\Q5; atwist {for atwiten?) Ilaliiw.dict. 109. 

atwiten (atwite) reproach, Shoreh. i>8; owl and night. 

1232; atwlt«st (pres. iiidic.) 751; etwlted {pres. imper.') 

a. r. 70; atwAt {pret.) iTaiA. 2364; aXvoi s. s. Web. 1876; 

atwiten {pret.) Lo-t^. 26684; ■part.) 19594; owland night 

933; atwite UaUiw. diet. 109. 

atwitlenPreproocAf atwitede (/bratwit?)Bo6.Gfoitc. 33, 16. 

at, Olcel. at, Utat, Iw. 486; 1. s. Web. 3824; Percev. 
150; Town, myst 2; a«i. .4rtA. 14, 10. 

Ate, Aiax. &ta, oat; ote (dal.) ifap« 350; &ten fpZ.) 
Lnj. 29256; oten a. r. 312; ooten /iicA. 6004; otin Wr 
voc. 177. 

atel, ASax.aXol, OJcel atall, foul, horrQ>le, Orat. 4303 
atehch (for atellich) a. r. G\ owl and night. 1123; Mo- 
pes 343. 

atter, ASaa:. &ttor, Ator {venenum), OHOerm. etttar, 
eitar {venenvm, sanies), OIccl. eitr {venenum), atter, poison. 

atteriiesse 36 

La^ 17739; Orm. 15383; a. r. 80; (attre) vis. P. P 

7942; (attir) „aaniea", prompt, parv. 16. 

attercoppe venomous spider, owl and night. 600; attir- 

coppe prompt, parv. 

atterlaSe hetony? a. r. 274*; atterlope „moreUe" f Wr. 

voc. 141; driuo I>eoiiue atterlQde & drif jeoe awe! a3ean- 

ward a. r. 274. 

alter laoh (for -hch) venomous, a. r. 212*. 

atternesse, ASax. aetterneas, venrnnousness, malignity, 
a. r. 196. 

attrien, ASax. &eiteria.n, poison; attred {pres.) a. r. 
84; attred ^part.) Orm. 15376. 

attri^ poisonous, venomous, Orm. 9785; attri a. r. 82. 

ap, ASacc. ad, Ootk. aips, 07:ei. eidr, OEOerm. eid, 
Oi^i-w. eth, ed, OSax. M, oath, Iw. 2264; ret. ant. 1,126; 
apes Ci'O '^'■'"- -4479; aden (dat. pi.) La;^. 5165; OjJ 
(pop) C'hauc. C. t. 120; (oht) Wr. spec. 112; odea (pi.) 
a. r. 198; aed L03. 704. 

a del, ASax. adol, aedel, OSaar. OZceL adal, OHGerm. 
adal, edil, counUy, La^. 16388; pat aedel heo biwunnen 
4744; apele {pl.f) natura, Haliiw. diet. 105; apel nobility, 
virtue, might, Wr. spec. 33; raid aedele help his briJder 
ia^. 9263; adele (pi.) 10629 ; adelen, aedelen 3751 ; 12915. 

adel, ASax. aedele, OSax. edili, OFrts. ethel, edel, 
OHOerm. edeler, noble, excellent, Gaw. gloss. 365; apel 
man Orm. 611; adel, aedele ias- 2917; 10031; adele (pi.) 
Old and night. 632 ; adeles {pi. subaL) Laj. 7852 ; hapel rd. 
ant. 1, 78; hapels {pi. 3uhst.\ ant. Arth. 4, 3; apeliste (sit- 
perlat.) Haliiw. diet. 105; hire edele vif wittes a. r. 172. 

a d e li e n , ASax. aedelian, honour f adelede {pret.) 
Lot,. 2815. 

apeliug, ASax. aedeling, nobleman, rel. songs 6, 11. 

apum, ASax. adum, OHQei-m. eidum, eidam, son in 
law, Orm. 19832; odem (opom) Xaj. 23106; opom Bob. 
Oloue. 182, 4; odam Alis. 2081. 

aubel, Fr. aubel, abel, ebble, white poplar f aubel(ebel) 
prompt, parv. 17. 

auk = avek (as hauk = havek), Olceioiugt, OHOerm. 
abuher, [Qoth. ibuks], from af? see Orimm's pref. to 
Schulse's gloss. V, (awk), awk, wrong, „sinister,peretrsua", 
prompt, pare. 18; awke d^des Haliiw. diet. 111. 
aukward Chauc. Boet. 2. 



ave? ODtitch ave = af (of). 
aveloiig, Dan. aflang, oblongus, prompt, parv. 17. 

avetrol, ave? andSwed.ivo\\ {goblin)? a.a. Weh.llOT. 

aver? Dutch aver, Genn. aber? = over? aur over, ant. 
Arth. 20, 6. 

awermod, anp. ASax. ofermcd, arrogance, Orm. 4720. 
aerwen, cmp. ASax. ofervEnniss {arrogantta), overweening, 
presumptuous; aerweoe {pi.) La^,. 27637. 
a«rwitte, cmp. ODutck averwittig, unwise, La^. 22071. 

awel, ASax. avel, ael, fLl, OHGerm. ala, awl; owul 
fuacinula, Wr. voc. 93; owel owl and night. 80; eawles 
{pi.) Kath. 2209; . aules a. r. 212; Roh. Qlouc. 48, 22; 
oules Brand. 22; Chauc C. (. 7312; 41 Wicl. gloss. 3; 
61 a. r. 324. 

awene, awne, OJcei. ijgn, O/ZCrerm, agana, (7oe/(. ahana, 
Gr, Szva, aiPM, „arista", prompt, pare. 18; awn TFr, poc. 
233; agunes „are»tea", 155. 

awnen, cm^. ASasr. eaviaii, show, Orm. 979; awned 
{part.) 3385. 

ax,- jlSaa;. aex, eax, Olcel. ox, OSax. acus, OHGerm. 
achus, Cfo(A. aqizi, Lai. ascia, aice, Wr. uoe. 234; Maud. 
251; a. a. Web. 384; WV. p. a. 222; axe Onti. 10063; 
axen {dot. pi.) £03.22341; aex 6473; aexe {ace) 18033; 
eax a. r. 128; ex prompt, parv. 144; li leaus disc 1180; 
exes {pi.) lud. Cov. 270. 

ax, ASaa-. eax, OHGerm. ahsa, Lot. axis, oir, aar^e. 
axtre Halliw. diet. 125; IPr, tioc. 167; WicL gloss. 6; 
extrS 180; prompt, pare. 145. 

axel, ASax. eaxl, Oice^. 6x1, OSoa;. ahsla, OHGerm. 
shs&\&,axle,shovider ; aexle, exle {dot ace) ia^. 2263; 18032. 
axiltree axletree, Mand. 181; axil-, exiltre prompt, parv. 
20; exiltrE Wr. voc. 278. 

baban, Welsh Irish baban, babe, a. r. 234, 

babe, OSwed. babe Ihre's gloss., Irish bab O'Reilly's 
diet., babe, baby, Gow. eonf. am. 1, 344; lud. Cov. 84; 
babi vis. F. P. 11559. 

babel bawble, Gow. conf. am. 3, 224; Hardw. poem 
54, 3; babul Halliw. diet. 130; babul (babil) „librilla" 
{sort of balance), prompt, parv. 20. 

babelen, Oerm. babeln, babble; babelinde {part.) 
a. r. 100; bablede {preL) via. P. P. 2i87 ; bablin (babelin) 
waver, prompt, parv. 20. 


babe win 37 

babe win, babwin, Ital. babbuino, baboon, prompt, 
parv. 20; babewines (pi.) Mand. 210. 

babirlippid labroaus, prompt, parv. 20; baberlipped via. P. 
P. 2832. 

bac, ASax. baec, OStuc. bac, Olcel. bak, OFris. bek, 
hack, a. r. 290; Orm. 4776; bak Tor. 2590; {ace.) Rob. 
Br. 133, 23; an, on bak aback, retro, Gaw. gloss. 364; 
400; ant AHh. 45, 8; a bac Wr. treat. 134; a bak Rich. 
4716; Wicl. John 6; lud. Oov. 211; O bac Orm. 10656. 
bacbltere backbiter, rel. songs 7, 25. 

bacbgii IFr. uoc. 146. 

bachalf back-side, hack-part, Wicl. gloss. 

bakward It beav-s disc. 1637. 

bachare, ASasc. baecere, haker, rel. songs 7, 35, 

bache? batch; bahche, batche, prompt, parv. 21. 

bacheler, Oi'V. bacbeler, bachelor, young Tnari, Chatic. 
C. L 80; bachiler Qaw. gloss. 366; Will, gloss. 214. 

bacin, OJV.bacin, Oi/GenM, bechin, cmp.ODutch bak, 
basin, helmet, Skoreh. 51; s. s. Weh. 2242; Rick. 2557; 
basiE Alis. 2333. 

bacon, OFr. bacon, ODutck bake (backe), MHGerm. 
bache, fcacow, pw. P. i*. 2859. 
bacunfissch npetaso", prompt, pare. 

bad, ASax. baed, OSaa;. bad, OFris. bed, 0/cei bad, 
GofA. bap, OHOerm. bat, (pre(.) bude,prayed, Orm.2d85; 
Bek. 2156; Jlfawd. 228; Tor. 1245; (^or b6d?Commfflf,derf) 
cia. i*. P. 3088; ^ma<i. tFet. 200; bad, baed, bead, bed 
La3.2454;3958; 4767; 4879; beda.nl56; Wr. p. s.248; 
bed (h^t) bringen Kath. 441; pou bMe Rob. Glmc. 133, 
19; pou me b&ie singe Skoreh. 118; b€den Lot,. 
10012; vis. P.P. 12179; bMe (Sow. Cok/ am. 1, 111; 
baede (subj.) Orm. 9595; bMe a. r. 222; and bfide Ane 
bone KofA.2401 ; pat hi for him bfide BeA. 2156; beden, 
biden { part.) bidden, Wicl. gloss. 7 ; bede Qow. conf. am. 
1, 70; & dide al als him beden {for boden?) was 
Orm. 3138. 

bad, ASax. b&d {pledge), from biden, stay, delay; 
baid Gaw. gloss. 366; bide (dot.) Percev. 41 ?1029; bode 
(dot.) Chauc. Ann. 119; Flor. 374. 

baddo bad, Chauc. C. t. 9482; {pi.) vis. P. P. 6190; 
pis badde king Rob. Glouc. 108, 17. 


38 baddenesse 

baddellche badly, Rob. Glove. 566, 8. 

baddenesse badness, vis. P. P. 7539, 

bftdien, ASax. bftdian (pledge), OHOerm. beidon 
{pait), from \iki,:ttay,wait: b&dien pe king wolde [)at his 
folc come La-i^. 25649. 

baech valley? {ace.) LaT,. 2596; baeche, bache (dot.) 
757; 5644; baecchen {dot. pi.) 21776. 

baere, ASax. baer, OSax. OHGerm. hkva, OFris. 
b^re, bier, Orm. 8167; beer Ckaiic. C. t. 2873; beere 
nferetrum'* , prompt, parv. 32; b€re (dot.) Lidg. m. p. 34; 
(«cc.) Gow. conf. am. 3, 263; ant. Arth. 14, 6; beren 
{ace. pi.) LaT,. 27876. 

?berhom korse-coUar, Wr. voc. 27S; b^ruham 168; prompt. 
parv. 33. 

?b6rl5p, b&rlEp ^^sporta", prompt, parv. 25. 
barman poHer, LaT,. 3317; Havel. 868. 

baewen, OHGerm. biban? fomentf to clensen & to 
baewen hem of alle pe^re siiines Orm. 18042, 

baffen (baffin), Butch baffen. Germ, baffen, haric, la- 
trare, prompt, parv. 

bagge, OSwed. bagge Ihre's gloss., OFr. bagiie, baghe 
Boqvef. gloss., [Gael, bag Macl. & Dew. dict^. bag, a. r 
168; transact. 18, 28; cr. P. P. 444; baggen {pi.) a. r. 168. 
baggepipe Chauc. C. t. 567. 

bagge badge, cognisance, prompt, parv. 20; ba^es {pi.) 
Halliw. diet. 132. 

baggen (baggin) bag,- turner e, prompt. parv. 21 \ baggep 
(j»res.) Chauc. b. dueh. 623; pe mere was bagged wij) 
fole Percev. 717. 

bai, Olcel. b4gr? „obstaoulum", prompt, parv. 

baili, OFr. baili, bailif, WiU. gloss. 214. 

bain, Olcel. beinn (directits, promptus) Sveinh. Egilss. 
lea:., bain, prom,pt, ready, willing, Gaw. gloss. 366; Iw. 
766; Trist. 1, 65; Toien. myat. 28; lud. Gov. 173; Amad. 
Bobs. 47, 12; buxum and bain avow. Arth. 58, 16; bein 
r^flexibilis^, prompt, parv. 29; Amad. Web. 514. 

bainen? „bainid /resi**", prompt, parv. 21. 

baist, Olcel. beiskr, bask, sharp, bitter, Wr. diet. 152; 
be^ac Orm. 6698. 

baissen, Fr. e-bahir (bahissons), abash^ baist {pret.) 
Gaw. gloss. 366; baiahide Wicl. gloss. 6; baist (part.) 
HaUiw. diet. 133; compos, abaissen. 


bait 39 

bait, ASax. bit, Olcel. beita, from blten, bait, Qov>. 
conf. am. 1, 310; beite HallitD. diet. 172. 

bait on, ASax. b&tian, Olcel. beita, OHQerm. beizen, 
halt, feed, Chauc. Trail. 192; baite WHl. glosa. 214; Tor. 
1566; {prea. aiibj.) Mand. 243; beiten „comntordere, jxdiu- 
lari" , prompt, parv. 29; besten puniak, Orm, 10171; 
compos, abaiten? 

baipen? grant? Gaw. gloss. 366. 

bayen? grant?, pat bayep me ml bone Wr. spec. 27; 
or (your) blisse heo beyeii 32. 

bajen, OFr. a-bayer, bay, bark, Gaw. gloss. 366; 
baye Eglam. 286. 

bak, ASax. baec, baUh. 
bakem bake-house, Wr. voc. 93. 
bakhoQS „pistrina", prompt, parv. 21; Wr. voc. 274. 

baken, ASax. bacan, OHGerm. bachan, pachan, bake, 
(bake) Chauc. C. t. 386; Wicl.gloss.Q; book {pret.) ibid.; 
boke rel. ant. 1,83; baken (^part.) Orwt. 993 ; KicA. 3613; 
via. P. P. 4387; bacua ant. Arth. 27, 4; ibaken vis. P. 
P. 4161; ibake Ohavc. I. g. w. 709; Lidg. m. p. 85. 

bakestre, ASax. baecistre (^istria), baxter, baker, 
npistor", Wr. VOC. 93; baksteres (pi.) vis. P. P. 484; 
baxtere ffalliw. diet. 152. 

bakke, Dan. aften-bakke, bat, prompt parr. 21; Ltdg. 
m. p. 152; backe Wicl. gloss. 6. 

bakke? and alle bis bakkes ( = bagges ? ) rente 
Will 76. 

bal, MHOerm. bal, fro-n bellen? ball, Wr. treat. 137; 
s. s. Web. 2066; Rich. 4506; ballea (pi.) Xaj- 17443. 
balpleowe bali-play, a. r. 218; balplei prompt, parv. 22. 

bai, ASax. bael, Olcel. hk\, bail, hta^e, fire, Wr. 
diet. 153; in & bftle of fiir cr. P. P. 1330. 

bald, .J Soar, bald, beald, OSo.T.baM, OffGerm. balder, 
G<rtA. balps, 0/cri- balir, bold, brave, mighty, confident, 
secure. La;:,. 6342; Orm. 2185; Trist. 3. 47; /w. 1402; 
Shorek. 123; bealde (^i.) 100; bold Wr. an. lit. 3; vis. 
P P. 12224; ant. Artk. 12, 2; alle his bigginges bolde 
Isumb. 78; beld a. a. Web. 2042; Jits. S004; Ubeausdisc. 
2123; purh belde worde owl and night. 1713; baldore 
{compar.) Rob. Glouc. 509; TfV. spec. 27; boldere wii. P 
JP, 2295; compos, unbald. 
boldhed boldness, Rob. Br. 281. 


40 baldeo 

baldtache, baldeliche boldly, La^. 24673; Kath. 719; 
a. r. 62; lok hou it is, and tell me boldeli {quickly?'} 
Ckauc. C. t 3433 ; boldloker {compar.) BaUiJi. diet. 19a 

balden, ASasr. bealdian, baeldan, bjldan, OHQ^r-n. 
balden, OSax. beldian. holden, encourage, anmate, Le^- 
4385; 1)6 brandes to balde Percec. 792; bolde s. ». Wr. 
1679; his barte began to bolde Orfao. 975; boldede (j>-e(.) 
VIS. P. P. 1756; bealden Kath. 1622; belden, bedden 
Orm. 662; 2614; belde lai le fr. 231; beided (bealded) 
a. r. 162; bildep grow aatrtmg, HaUiw.nug. poet 66: bilde 
(imper.) Eglatn. 3; compos, at^elden, unbalden. 

balderik, MHOerm. balderich, bmodridc, beU, strap, 
HaUiw. diet. 135; bauderik Gaw. gloaa. 367; bauderi^s 
( pi.) Lidg. m. p. 8. 

bale, ASax. bealu, dire, dismal: wip se (so) bale b^re 
Kath. 2370; mid peon (pan) balu fehte La^- 59*3; bale 
deep [or baledeep?) via. P. P. 12143; t6 bale d6pe Wr. 
diet. 155. 

bale, ASax. balu, bealu, OSax. balu, OHGerm. balo, 
OIceL biil, hale, misery, affiiction, owl and night. 687; 
Iw. 3062; WM. P. P. 12480; bale, balu. Laj. 1455; 2597; 
bale (dat.) Mar. mir. pi. 149; (ace.) Wr. spec. 26; 8. s. 
Weh. 702; Amad. Robs. 4, 9; fram bale to fiche blisse 
iTart. 2327;balwe {haleyfe) (dat.) La^. 310 ; 1618; to balewe 
(bale) & to bismere Kath. 551. 
baleful a. r. 114*. 

balseV ample, swelling? Oaw, gloss. 366; balwe pla- 
nus, prompt, part. 22. 

bali, ASax. ha.elig. bel(i)g, 0}iQerm.halg, GotLhaigs, 
OIceL belgr, belly, bellow, rel. tongs 5, 83; Hartah. met. 
t. 200; cr. P. P. 1522; bale Gaw. gloss. 366; beli a. r. 
296; nventer", prompt, parv. 30; Wr, voc. 171; belu, belw 
Wicl. gloss. 7; below „follitt", Wr. voc. 180; prompt, parv. 
30; belies {pL) a. r. 284; oit. P. P. 8J ; belyes IstMnb. 
412; a peir belwis wills and invent. 23. 

balke, ASax. balca, OFris. balka, OSax. baico, 
OHGerm. balcbo, balk, „trabs, porca", prompt, parv. 22 ; 
lud. Cov. 343 ; Town. myst. 99 ; balkes (pi.) vis. P. P. 401 1 ; 
Chauc. C. t. 3636. 

balken (balkin) balk, overskip, prompt, parv. 22; but 
so wel halt no man pe plogh, pat he ne balkep ujier 
wile Gow. conf. am. 1, 296. 


balle 4t 

balle, Oerm. balle, hall, HaUiw.dict.\Z6\ Oclav.1272. 

balled, connected with bill (blazfi)? bald, Rob. Olouc. 

377, 4; vis.P. P. 14292; ChaucCt 198; ballid ^calvvs", 

prompt, parv. 22; Wid. glofs. 7; ballid and bar waa pe 

reaon dep. of R. 29, 22. 

ballednesse baldness, Rob. Giouc. 482*; rel. ant. 
2, 56. 

ballok, ASax. bealluc, ballock, tentkuhis, HV, voc. 
208; ballokes (^/.) Mand. 162 ; JFicf. yZoas. 7. 
ballokcod scroiwm, PFr. voc. 246. 

ban, ,-lSoir. t>/cei. banu, OSax. OHGerm. ban, Oi^ns. 
ban, bon, ban, edict, convocation: is (Am) ban aboute he 
sende Rob. Glouc. 187, 19; ich folji [lAn ajte maiine, an 
fio bi ni^t in bore bunne oicl and night. 390; com/w». i ban. 

b4n, ASoit. hka, OSax. OFris. bSn, OllOemt. Olcel. 
bein, bone, Laz- "^859; i;;ii(A. 232; Trint. 1,25; (^(.} 7^3. 
1603; banes 1875; Kafh. 2517; /w. 2052; b4nc-n {dat. 
pL) LaT,. 29562; bon Mand. 50; (boon) Wid. gloss. 
?b6nscliawe sciatica f prompt, parv. 44. 
bauwort violet? ffalliie. did. 140,- bonwort rel. ant. 1, 37. 

band, OFris. 0/cei, band, OHGerm. baud, pa,ni, from 
binden, band, bond, Orm. 61; Iw. 2394; Degrev. 869; 
Bo&. i^. 20Ji i/«n mir. pi. 141; bandes (iJi.) Orm. 46; 
bond iojiwus, Bei. 1099; CArtwc. C.(. 9137; Tor. 318; bonde 
nvincula", Wr. voc. 180; les me out of bonde Wr. spec 
29; bondes „bandeava", rel. onL 2,83; Iren bondes 3/(iW. 
163; see beud. 
band- (bond-) dogge Wr. voc. 187 ; prompt, parv. 43. 

bane, ASax. bana, bona, OSax. OHGerm. bano, OFris. 
bona, Olcd. bani, fti/n', destruction, Kath. 2398; Chavc, 
C. t. 1099; 7'w. 1691; bone (bane) La^. 7564; a. r. 
222; Percev. 1338. 

bunen osseus: wl{> bonene wal reJ. ant. 1, 112. 

bani II g (baning?) smelt? Hallivr. diet. 

ban ere, Med.Lat. banera, bannerium dii Gauge's gloss., 
iaMBCr, o. r. 300; baner Wart. hist. 1,16; Chauc. C.t. 968. 

bank, ASax. banc (tumulus), OSax. OFris. bank, 
OHGerm. banch (scamntim), bank, bench, riripa", Wr. voc. 
239; prompt, parv. 23; scamnum, Ivd. Coo. 170; bankes 
{pi.) Orm. 9210; laumb. 169; over bankes and hilles 
m. P. P. 3632; bonk Qaw. gloss. ^10; bonke {dot.) bench, 
£03. 25185; (dat. or acc.f) Will.gloss. 216; see bench. 


42 biiTine 

bankker, banker cover o/ a bench, or seat, H<dliw. dtct.; 
prompt, parv.; Oaw. gloaa.; ant. Arth. 35, 2. 

bannenote walnvt, Wr. voc. 181. 

baniien, ASax. (ge)bannian, OHOerm. bannan, fr&m 
ban, ian, command, t-wmmon, evrse, bannen, bonnieii fbauni) 
L03. 7952; 8054; banne Will, gloss. 214; vis. P. P. 583; 
i banne \>e birde pat me bar ant. Arth. 7, 1 1 ; banned 
(pret.) Percev. 3123; bannede (bonnede) bis ferde La^. 
178fi; bonneden helmos 22288; compos, for-, ibannen. 

bar, ASaa: baer, OHGerm. barer, Olcel. berr, hare., 
Brand. 24; iw. 2470; bare (bar") La^. 3420; bare Wr. 
spec. 50; „me)-e", Gaw. gloss. 366; mid one bare worde 
owl and night. 547. 

barfot (-v5t) a. r. 420; Orpk. 226; hid. Gov. 59. 
barhe*!, Gfrm. barhaupt, Wr. a. o. c. 17; bareheed (bare- 
heeded) Wid. gloss. 
bareli Gaw. gloss. 

\>kr, ASax. bfl.r, OHGerm. ber, per, hoar, bir, baer 
(bor) i«S. 1697; 25832; (b&re) /w. 2H; Degrev. 13; 
owow. ^rtX. 3, 1; bair Gaw. gloss. 366; bor a. r. 280; 
(boor^ Mand. 238; pm. i*. P. 7259; (bore) WV. p.s. 151. 
bS,rehEved Halliw. diet.; Gaw. gloss. 

barain, OFr. baraigne, 6arr*7i, a. r. 158; baraine 
Gaw. gloss. 36*>; barein rel. ant. 1,158; Chauc. G.t. 1979. 

barbonr, Fr. barbier, barber, Wicl. gloss. 

bar 63, ASa.r. bearh, ODutch barg, berg, OHGerm. 
barch, par(u)c, Olcel. borgr, barrow, majaHs, owl and 
night. 408; barn Rob. Glouc. 207, 2; barowes {pi.) Halliw. 
diet. 145. 

baren (barin), ASax. barian, bare, prompt, pare. 24; 
band (paii.) Halliw. diet. 143. 

baret, OFr. barat Boguef. gloss. 1, 131, Dies wb. 
43, dispute, contest, strife, a.r.^b4:■,Bek.lZZ', Willgloss.2\i. 

barewe, J.Sna;. bereve, Jirrrow, carru-i: [le^ ich scholde 
beo pider ibore in barewe oper in b^re Bek. 899 ; barowe 
prompt, parv. 25; Flor. 2031. 

bargain, OFr. bargain, bargain, Chauc. C. t. 284; 
bargain Gow. conf. am. 2, 223 ; bargau Min. 28, 

barganiin, OFr. bargaignier, bargain, prompt, parv. 

barge, OFr. barge, Med.Lat. barca, barge, Chauc. 
C. t. 3550. 


bark 43 

bark, barke, ODutck bark(e), berk(e). OTcel. borkr, 
hark „cortex", Wr. voc. 229; prompt, parv. 24; Iw. 741; 
Mand. 189; barke {dat) Chmic. r. r. 7267. 

barken (barkin) tan, prompt, parv. 

barkere tanner, prompt paro. 

barlic, connected wUh bereV crnp. Welsh barllys, bar- 
ley, rel. ant. 1, 215; barli;^ Orm. 15511; biirlich, barli 
Wicl. gloss. 7; berlei Mand. 272. 

barm,' ASaa:. bearm, OSax. OIIGerm. barm, Olcel. 
barmr, Goth, banna, fri/m beren, lap, bosom, ,.gremivm", 
prompt, parv. 25; Alis. 4303; s. s. Wr. 2937; Mar. mir. 
pi. 98; baerm ia^. 30261 ; berme {dat.) a. r. 212. 
barmciop Chmic. V. t. 323fi. 
barmskiii prompt, parv. 
bearmteam Shoreh. 58. 

barn, ASax. bearn, OFrls. berii, OSax. OHGerm. 
Olcel. Goth, barii.fertm, chUd, WiU. gloss. 214; vis. P. P. 
884; Rob. Br. ZlO, 6; ant. A^h. 18, 6; barnes (pi.) Orm. 
8040; Mar. mir. pi. 122; bearn a. r. 39; bearn, baern, 
bern La^. 91; 165; 5024; bern Wr.spec.^W Amisl^A; 
Havel. 571. 
barnteem generation, race. Balliw. diet. 144. 

barre, MIIGerm. barre, OFr. barre, Mcd-Lat barra, 
Irish Gael, barra, [Welsh bftr], bar, ^vectis", prompt, parv. 
24; „repagulvm'', \Vr. voc. 2G\ ; Chauc. (J. t. 1077; barres 
{pi) via. P. P. 12722; „diagonal stripes", Gaio. gloss. 
367 ; fltewia fe barren of pe burhe Kath. 2349. 

barren (barrin), OFr. barrer, Jar, prompt parv.; bar- 
rid {part.) Triam. I18S; barred „striped diagonally'*, 
Gaio. gloss. 

bars, ASax, baers, bears, bars, hasa, perch; bace 
prompt parv. 

bartren (bartrin), Ital. barattare, /rww baret, barter, 
prompt parv. 

bAseu? Dutch (ver-)bazen? compos, ab&sen. 

basket, Irixh Gael, bascaid, basket, „corbis", prompt, 
parv. 2!!; basketis {pi.) Chauc. C. t 13860. 

bast, ASax. baest Lye'a diet., OHGerm^ Olcel. bast 
{spartwm, pkilyra), bast; bot je salie take fi 'stalworpe 
bast and binde mi bandes bibind me fast Halliw. diet. 
basttre taia, Wr. voc. 192. 


44 busten 

hasten (baatin), OHGerm. besten, baste, sew, prompt. 

bit, ASax. bat, Olcel. bitr, ioa(, bat, baet ia^...; 
b&te (dat.) Degrev. 919; bot Trist 1, 33; s. s. Wr. 3146; 
(boot) Wicl. John 21; b6t« (dat) Alii. 3497. 

bataile, OFr. bataille, battle, Chauc. la. w. 1627. 

baten, baten? OFris. batia, Dutch LGenn. baten 
(b&teii), gee Gi: wb. 1, 1158 & 2,572, Diefenl.wb.l,2^%, 
aoaU, serve; baite? Percev. 187. 

batel, OFr. batel (clapper). 
batildore (-dour) battledore, washing-beetle, Wr. voc. 269; 
prompt, paro. 27. 

batte, JlSoai.batt {fastis) Ly^s diet., bat, duh, „fuatiB^, 
Wr. voc. 263; battes (pL) Alts. 78; battis Wicl. ghygs. 
7; botte {dat.) a. r. 366; botten (battes) La^. 21593. 

bap, ASax. baed, Olcel. bad, OlIGerm. bad, bath, 
Orm. 18044; rel. songs 5,209; bed a. r. 394; bade (dat) 
Lar,. 2852. 

bade, OFrk.hkA.ii, 0HOerm.UiB, beide, OSax. bedia, 
Olcel b&dir, Goth, bajojis, JpfA, Las. 27305; Kath. 1622; 
bape (Vm. 250; Isumb. 400; ((ia(.) Orm, 7636; hkSre 
(gen.) Kath. 1790; purh pe^re bSpre bisne Oj-jh, 2794; 
bode a.r. 162; beode? (bide) 10; bope we babbeji stevene 
bri^te owl and night. 1679; bope two Lai,. 2399*; Wr. 
treat. 139; Mopes 336; bope (dat.) Skoreh. 57; mid bode 
honden a. r. 338; boper (gen.) Iw. 3556; bopen (rfaf.) cr. 
P.P. 445; bflden (ace) rel. ant. 1, 216; bepe? Alis. 4847. 

badie bather? a. r. 214. 

badieu, ASax. badiaii, balJte, La^. 6657; rel songs 
5, 210; bapen Mand. 88. 

bau, for bk? Germ, ba? Fr. bah? baugk, pooh, vis. 
P. P. 13755. 

baud, OFr. baud, baude (Jiardi, gat)? baude bawd, 
Chauc C. f. 6936; Mar. 130. 
bau(d)strott? „ie»o", Wr. voa. 216; 217; baustrop? 269. 

baudi 'diHy, vis. P. P. 2865; Chanc. C. t 12563. 

baume, Fr. baume, balm, Mand. 50; b&me a. r. 164; 
basme 276*. 

bauBdn, from J^'r. balzan, /(oi. balzano (having a white 
streak or spot) f bawsin, badger, prompt, parv. 27 ; bau- 
cines [pi.) WHl. gloss. 214. 

be name of the letter b; be mi d sharp, rel. ant. -1, 83. 


beam 45 

beam, ASax. beam, OUGerm. baum, bourn, OFris. 
bam, OSax. horn, Goth, bagms, leant, arbor, iaj, 2848; 
beem „trahs, radius", ^prompt, parv. 30; Bob. Br. 103, 8; 
willa and invmL 39; b4mes {pi.) Mand. 131; Chauc h. 
dvch. 337; b4mis Mar. mir. pi. i2 ; compos. sOQiiebem. 

beard, ASax. beard, OFris. herd, ODutch baerd, 
OHOerm. bart, beard, a. r. 290; baerd (beord) La^. 
10753; M(inid)uidinges beard (beorde),.(fflM»i("?l672; „beerd 
harha", prompt, parv. SI ; berd, beerd Wtcl. glois.1 -.h^rA Alia. 
1597 ;■ Gow. conf. am. 2, 367; Ciiauc. C. t. 272; Degrev. 819; 
„berd margo", prompt, parv. 32; see brad, bred andbrerd. 
berdles dep. of S. 22, 25. 

b e r d i d barbatus, prompt, parv. 

beaten, ASax. beatan, MHGerm. b6?en, beat, a. r. 
184; KalJi. 1183; beteii rel songs 7, 80; vis. P.P.8939; 
Boh. Br. 328. 7; beot {pret.) a. r. 306; Brand.2A\ beot, 
beet Wid. gloss. 7; beet Mand. 83: iaaw/. 751; bgt 
Wii/i. <7/oss. 215; Tor. 13li5; beten Gaw.gloss. 368; 3faW. 
46; |io wawes beote him Brand. 24; beote (^re(. svhj.) 
a. r. 3G4; Uei. 759; baeten {part.) Orm. 8168; beteu 
Gow. conf. am. 3,247; beteii {worked, adorned) wi|i besan- 
tus ant. Arth. 29, 4; a grip of guide, ricbeli bfiton on 
pe molde Eglam. 1031; ibgten Alts. 3848; ibete Chauc. 
C. t. 4311; enehased, 981; compos, tobeaten. 

beatuDge heating, a. r. 3C6. 

bee, ODutch bek, Fr. bee, Gael, beic, beak, rel. ant. 
1, 210; bekes {pi.) Chauc. I. g. m. 148. 

bficbe, ASax. bece Wr. voc. 285, LowGei-m. biike, 
OHGerm. buoclia, Olcel. beyki, ieccA, ,.fagus", prompt. 
pare. 37; IK»\ ooc. 181; beches {pi) Alis. 5242. 

bechen, .^Snic. bficeii, teecfien, CAawr. C^ (. 13088. 

bed, ASax. bedd, OA'aar. OFris. bed, 0/cei. bed, 
OHGerm. beti, peti, Go(A. badi, ieti, Mand. 88; bedde 
(rfnf.) CAaifc. C. t. 3269; beddea (ji/.) Brand. 6. 
bedfere hedfdlow, IJulliw. diet. 
bedlawir (}or -lejer?) bedridden, prompt, parv. 
bedrede bedridden, „diniais", Wr. voc. 267; Chauc. C. t 
7351; bedreden {pi.) vis. P. P. 4180. 
bedstede, bedstead, prompt, parv. 
bedstre bedstraie, IVicl. gloss. 

bedde, j4Saa-. gebedda, bedfellow, owl and night. 1498; 
»ee ibedde. 


46 beddien 

beddien, ASax. beddian, bed, La^. 6658; beddeii 
Orm. 2712; vis. P. P. 1078. 

bedding bedding, f,stratnentuin" , Wr. voc. 92; Chauc. 
C. t. 1618. 

bede, OSaw. beda, OFris. bede, OlIQerm. beta, head, 
prayer, Orm. 1156; Gow. conf. am. 2, 372; Amis 2351; 
prompt, parv. 28; Iiedes {pi.) Will, gloss. 214; if i bidde 
&m bedes vis. P. P. 3287 i ipeire of bedes 98641; Chauc. 
C. t. 159; beden, beoden (bedes) La'T,. 19722; 31395; 
beoden a. r. 8. 
bedeman beadsman, vtx. P. P. 1437; beodemon a. r. 356. 

beden, OSax- bedon, OUGerm- beton, pray, beden, 
beoden L03. 12745; 25514; bede Octan. 910; & bidde 
3UW & bede Orm. 18337; bede? (pi-ea. svbj.) vis. P. P 
5104; bis bedes bedatid night and del Haliiw. diet. 156. 

bee, ASax. beo, OIIGertn. bia,,'be€, Wr. voe. 177; 
been (pli Chauc. C. t. 10518; cr. P. P. 1449; been, bees 
Wicl. gloss. 7; bi Lidg. m.p. 88, 

beffen = baiFenV beat; beft (pret) IVt. diet. 190; 
beft (p-'rt.) Gaw. gloss. 367. 

beggen heg, mendicare, a. r. 356; heggin prompt, phre. 
28; begge wis. P. P. 4182; Chauc. C. t. 4525; laitmb. 150. 

te^^e re beggar, HomllSSi Chauc. C'.t. 2 i2i beggeres 
(pi.) vis. P. P. 79; baggares (gen.) a. r. 168. 

beggild? beggar; beggilde {gen. pL?) a. r. 168*. 

begging begging: g6|) on beggiuge Maitd. 207. 

bej, AlSax. beag, beah, OHGerm. boug, bang, /rom 
brtjen, ring, collar; bSli La^. 24520; bei^ Trust. 1, 25; 
b«y Haliiw. diet. 171; bSe 157; be 153, bie Degrev. 566; 
bae3e9 (^.) Z-aj. 7425; beesee. Lies „torque3, armillaa", 
Wicl. gloss. 7 ; bSren bfiigltes ful brighte abouten hire 
nekkes vis. P. P. 321. 

b^se, MHGerm. (ge-}bouge (pliant)? 
bfisiim, Germ, bengsam? obedient, Kath. 1805. 
beienllch, for bfiielTch? cmp. Dan. boielig, humblef 
La^. 4930. 

bejen, ASax. begen, both, beien (beie) La-t,. 2643; 
beye Rob. Glouc. 62, 4; beie Haliiw. diet. 160; baye 
152; beire (gen.) La^,. 8283; Katk. 1790*; owl and night 
1582; Jtob. Glouc. 197, 4i of hem bejen On». 15091; hk, 
ASax. ba, (?(j(A. bai, Lat. anibae, iTaiA. 636; Orm. 373; 
bfi, bo, boa, La$. 281; 1469; 2605; bo, boa a. r. 60; 


b^S^n 47 

212; ba. tw4 LaT,. 2399! in bo two his honden a. r. 
396; bo Wr. p. a. 157; Rob. Gloue. 229, 4; ^Zw. 6763; 
8. 3. Web. 304; bo pin fije ow/ anti n:gkt. 988. 

b ^3 en, J.Snir, bggan , OFris. b4ia, 0/ceZ. beygja, 
OHGerTn. bougan, /rom b^3, 6010, ient/, go; beien //a^. 
1051; beie|) (p-es. ind.) a. r. 266; bgye {pres. subj.f) 
Wr. spec. 81; and beide heom {made them come?) to 
somne Ln^. 29089; Scottes & Bruttea bSiden (camef) to 
gaderes 5178; beigbed {^i>art.) Alis.\ZlZ; compos. sh^'Tfin. 
beil, Dan, boiel, Germ, biigel ? baU, haul, hoop, handle, 
■wills a-»td invent 23. 

b e k beck, nuliis, Wicl. gloaa. 

bek, ASax. becc, OIceL heiikr, OHGerm. bach, heck, 
r,rivvlus", Wi: voc. 239; prompt, parv. 29. 

bSken, JSaa-.beacen, OiSax. bocan, 0/?G frt«. pauchan, 
beacon; (beekne) prompt, pare.; (bekene) vis. P. P. 11894. 
b€keii heak, tvarm; b^keande (paH.) Jw. 1459; to 
beike his boones Flor. 99. 

beikinge ^extensui", prompt, parv. 29. 
bekkeu (beken), Gei-m. bucken (Jow)? beck, nvtare, 
prompt, parv. 29: bekke (pres.) C/iaiic. C. t. 13811; 
bekkes 193; bekked {pret.) Chauc TroH. 2352. 
bdknien, ASux. beacnian, 0$ax. bocnian, OIIGerm. 
pauhnen, ^rOTM beken, beckon; bScnen Oi-m. 223: bekniii 
prompt, jiarv. 29; baecaieu La^. 21938; b^knede {pret.) 
vis. P. P. 6446; bekeniden, bikeneden Wicl. gloss. 

bekninge, ASaar. beaCEung, beckoning, prompt, parv. 
held, ASax. Iiyld, byldo, OUGe>^. baldi, from bald, 
confidence, strength, Trist. 2, 19; Min. 27; belde Percev. 
1412; I'ior. 762; bi S. childe of litil belde overcomen i 
am ill min elde HaUiw.dict. 161; „beild, belde protection, 
shelter"? Qaw. gloss. 367. 

bel^en, ASax. OSax. OHGerm. belgan, grow angnj; 
baelh (iwe(.) La^. 15839; bol^hen {part.) Onn. 7145; 
compos, a-, on-, ibeljen. 

betken, ASax. belcan? belch, {he]]Le) Town. myst.Sli; 
belkid (pret. Wicl. gloss. 7; see bolken. 

belle, ASax. belle, bell, La^. 29441, vis. P. P. 349; 
belIen(;jZ.) liob. Glouc. 509,14; belles 0>-m. 901; Mand.2^Z. 
beUe3Bter bell-founder, prompt, parv. 

belle mantle? Gaw. gloss. 367; Wr. an. lit 12; ant. 
Jrth. 29, 3. 


48 belle 

belle jfrf, Gaw. glois. 367; ant. Arth. 15, 6; cmp.hkX. 
, belleii, ^iSo^r. bellan (impCngeref tumeref boare), Olcel. 
bslta (impingere), OHGerm. bellan (latrare), blow, pu^, 
aweli, HmUu). diet. 162; boUen {part.) Wicl. gloss. 9; 
bollen hertes Chauc. compl. bl. kn. lOi; 4 bleddre ibollen 
ful of wiiule a.r.282; heilmbeUow,„mugire'^, prompt.parv. 
30; (l)e) bole bellep ibid.; as loude as bellep wind Chauc, 
h. of f. 1803; compos, tobellen. 

belt, ASax. belt, Olcel. belth, OHOerm. balz, belt, 
„gona", Wt. voc. 231; Iw. 253; Chauc. C. t. 3927. 

belwen, ASa-x. bylgean? hetlow, mugire, (belwe) vis. 
P. P. 7258; Goto, cotif. am. 2, 72. 

b^mare, ASax. bjinere, trumpeter, „tuhioen'', Wr. \ 
88; a. r. 210. 

b^me, ASax. bfime, bjme, ttwnpct, Wr. diet. 1 
j\fapea348; bemeii (pl^ a r. 210; bSmen (bemes, bilm 
ia3. 4462; 5107; 5874; b^mes WM. gloss. 215; k. of f. 
499; humb. 429. 

b^men, ASax. bjmiail, sound the trompet, a. r. 210: 
bemit (parl^ Gate, gloss. 367. 

bemen, ASax. beaiuian, beam, prompt, paiv. 

bfin (bSne), ASax. bean, Olcel. baun, OlfGerm. boua, 
bean; beiii Mar. mir. pi. 155; bene (been) „faba^, prompt, 
parv. 30; beeue -H^r. voc. Ill; bene (t^) Hand. 158; 
(offc.) WW. P. P. 1642; Wid. gloss. 7; jm Absolou ne 
rougbte uat A. b4ne of al bis pleye Chauc. C. t. 3770 ; 
bfinen (pi.) cr. P. P. 1519. 

bfine, ASax. beii, pragei; Orm. 1459; {dot.) Shoreh. 
47; Wr. spec. 92; {ace.) 58; rei. ant. 1, 113; b^nes (j)i.) 
OrTn. 154 ; sfc bou. 

bene well, Gaw. gloss. 368; biggit ful bene {rim. w. 
gr^ne) ant. Arth. G, 6; cmp. baiu. 

b e n 6 1 (bent), OI/Germ. binuz, bettt, ,.gramen", Wr. voc. 1 9 1. 

bent, LGerm. bend (meadow), HGerm. hunde,heunde 
{garden, nieadow)? Gr. wb. 1, 1747, bent, meadow, field, 
Halliw. diet. 165; Gaio. gloss. 368; Chauc. 0. t 1983; 
Mar. mir, pi. 113; opoa pe bente bare ant. Arth. 44, 4; 
over (»e brode bent Degree. 200; bentes (pi.) Flor. 1040. 

beoden, ASax. beodan, OSax. biodan, OFris. bieda, 
biada, Goth, biudan, Olcel. bioila, OHGerm. biutau, bieten, 
bid, offer, command, order, Kath. 1480; a. r. 114; and 
lette beoden alle pA bocares LaT,. 32124; beode Wr.spec. 

beon 49 

42; mln Grande for to beode Bek. 1408; beoded (_prea^ 

a. r. 208; beot 194; al pat pe godspel beodep 0)-7/4.4917; 
Mdin „offerre^, prcmipt. pai-v. 28; bMe Oaw. tjloss.; Min. 
19; and wolde him batail bede 2Wam. 972; i bede avouj. 
-4rlk. 19, 12; Jiilk honour pat ye me b^de Chauc. C. t 
8236; bead (pret.) a. r. 230; batid (bead) La^. 18821; 
"baed Ot^: 11799; beed avow. Artk. 61, 16; bM Bob. 
Oloac. 106, 8; chron. of Engl 122; Trial. 3, 28; ant. 
Arth. 50, 8; Wart. hist. 2, 3; pou bMe k. of T. 246; 
buden Laj. 5146; hoAea Hick. thea. 1,225; Amis 896; pai 
boden hem kndea brSde Trist-S, 31; boden (part.) Chauc 
I. g. w. 366; bodin T,\dg. m. p. 258; bode Cfow. conf. am. 
I, 12; Chauc. C. t 6612; were bodeu (for beden) to pe 
brldale via, P. P. 990; compos, a-, for-, ibeoden. 

beon, ASax. beon, Lat. fore, Or. ifUvai, he, fVr. diet. 
198; Katk. 88; a. r. 416; Bek. 105; beo 107; beon, bon 
owl and night. 262; 1344; beon, been Orm. 21; 10255; 
been prompt, paw. 30; bee Eglam. 366; len Hand. 24; 
1st pe sompnour b^ {let alone) Chauc. C. t. 6871; buen 
IVr, spec, 25; harrow. 67; bue re/. an(. I, 110; boe 2, 
244; UShoreh. 128; s. ». IFr. 536; ich beou (prea. indie.) 
Laz- 3945; pu bist 3053; Wr. spec. 72; best Orm. 2455; 
a. s. Web. 1663; bes lel. ant. 1, 181; [)oii bes honged 
thou shalt he hanged, Degrev. 839; bid rel. songs 5, 6C; 
aae softe as he la her, ase herd he bid I loUl be) per a. r. 
304;bepOj-m.l67;{3e, heo)beoda.r. 8; jSr(KA.505;^Z*s.20; 
beop, bop owl and night. 451; 1225; h&p Rob, Glouc. 7 , I ; 
500, 5; transact. 19, 320; bep, blip Will, gloss. 215; beip 
HdUiw. diet. 172; biep Hick. tkea. I, 222; beon f /or beod) 
Kath. 493; been (ben) Trist. 3, 82; Gow. conf. am. 2, 
370; Chauc. C.t. 178; Mand. 3; ITtW. JoAn 8; hou bisie 
pei bfin via. P. P. 470; bg Wr. a. o. o. 71, 6; bis (prt-a. 
imp.) este, Amad. Web. 335; beo {pns. subj.) owl and 
night 1223; beon a. r, 3 ; beon, bon oW and night. 452; 
1219; beende (prea. part.) Wicl. gloss. 7; beon, ben (pret. 
part.) Orm. 2311; 8399; ben via. P. P. 7047; bien fio6. 
Br. 34, 9; bin Tor. 359; ibeo Brand. 4; ibee fi<cA. 5138; 
ibien (ibSn) Hick. thes. 1, 222. 

beor, ASax. beor, 0/cei. bi^r, OFris. biar, bier, 
OHGerm. bier, ieo-, beer fforw 1108; b6r Gaw. (J&jm. 
368; bor owl and night. 1009; beore {dat.) La^. 13642. 

beorken, .dSaar. beorcan, bark; berkin prompt, parv, 


60 bwra 

32 J beerke vis. P. P. 629 ; berkest (prw.) a. r. 122; beorked 
(borked) Laz- 23040; berkep Ltdg. m. p. 29; bark {preL) 
QotB. conf. am. 1, 221; borken k. of T. 400; burke ^ron 
Va. 25. 

beorn, ASoic beom, Olcel. biorn, knight, man, beorn, 
beam, bern La^. 1565; 7645; 8083; bern Baiiiw. diet. 
166; bernua \fl.) Degrev, 500; beriiiB (Jor lernis) Isvmb. 
454; bemis, beimis, bunies Oaio. gloss.; burnes vis. P. P. 
1901; biurue avow. Arth. 45, 3i bime ant. Jrth. 3, 3; 
biemes (pi.) Halliw. did. 173. 

beot, ASax. beot, promise, threat, Lai,. 16838. 

beoten? promise; gif pou wilt holdea fat pon ma bfit 
Ell. rom. 2, 327. 

beotien, ASax. beotinn, threaten; beoteden (pret.) J^aj. 

bere, ASax.bei&, OHGerm.hero, bear, ^ursus", prompt, 
part). 32; Mand. 291; (nm, w. spere) Chauc. C. t. 1642; 
beore La^. 25590; a. r. 198; Alis. 1821. 

bere, ASax. bere, OJcei. barr, Go(A. *bariB, iear, barley, 
Wr. voc 264. 

bem (for *berern) bam, vis. P. P. 13646; Wid. gloss. 7; 
berne (dot.) Goto. conf. am. 1, 162; Chauc. C. L 3258; 
(ace.) Orm. 10487. 

bfire, ASax. Cge-)baere (?X Oi^z-M. b^re, OSax. (gi-) 
biri, OSOerm. (ge-)b&re (geattts, habitus), noise, cry, Rob. 
Qlmc. 208, 13; Will, gloss. 215; Oaw. gloss. 368; (da<.) 
Kath. 2370; ant. ^rfA. 10, 8; an wanii men mid mine 
bfire owl arid night. 923; (ace.) Alis. 650; comaf. of mas. 
623 ; nbo makie sich t b€re 3fan min pi. 123; beare (occ.) 
ioS- 28163*; compos, ibgre. 

bfire? ODutck baere? Olcel. b&ra? bore? wave; bfires, 
beares, bieres {pi.) Lot,. 1341*; 28077*; 28625* 

b^re? ASax. baere (ferem)? MHGerm. (ge-)baerei' 
compos. Srindebsre. 

bere, cmp. LGerm. bure, bear, tick, {ace.) Chauc. b. 
duck. 254; compos. pilwcbEre. 

beren, ASax. beran, beoran, beara Bout. cb. gloss., 
OSax. OHGerm. beran, OFris. Olcel. bera, Goth, bairan, 
LaL ierre, Gr. (p^psiv, ^ear, a. r. 230; Ilartak. met. t. 88; 
bere Percev. 190; beren child Orm. 2031; bere fala wit- 
nease vis. P.P. 1044; beoreniTflfA. 2491 ; beore.^/(s. 771 ; 
buere Wr. spec. 104; (he) berip {pres. tnd.) Hoed. 4, 15; 

bdren 61 

pet bered hevi brunie a. r. 382 ; berp fert, Wict. glo8i. 7; 
bered ferunt, owl and night. 1370; berip Wicl. gloss.; we 
beoren (jtree. subj.) a. r. 382 jbeoren/cpantwr, iTa^A. 1949; 
bar (j»-e<. indie) Orm. 12615; Brand. 20; Chauc. C. L 
L05; Eglam. 340; Marie pat bar pat blisful bam via. 
P. P. 884 ; to herte him bar (struck, for berede ?) Eglam. 
324; into pe brest he him bar Tor. 1614; bar, bear 
Irfij. 1180; 1825; ber a. r. 368; Wr. p. a. 248; (pou) 
bgre via. P. P. 1749; (pe^) baeren Orm. 7576; beren 
Kath. 2496; beeren Mand. 172; hue beren buem so swipe 
hfi^e Wr. spec. 106; til pei becre l^ves via. P. P. 2749; 
here {pr^. subj.) Bek. 193; berande (pres. part.') Alia, 
5109; boren (pret. part) harrow. 196; s. s. Wr. 73; bom 
Mand. 274; Chauc. C. t. 980; compoa. a-, at-, for-, i-, up- 
beren; deriv. baere, barm. 

bSren, ASax. (ge-)baeran (ae gerere) Orein'a gloas., 
ODutck baeren (clamare) Kil. diet., 08ax. (gi-)barian 
Schm. glosa., hear, behave: mi aelve so to here (mw». w. 
liire) Wr. spec. 93; so bnldh pei pern b6re {r. w. f6re) 
Triam. 1506; bSre cry, Halliw. diet. 166; Hartak. met 
(. 99; hire (r. w. wire = wSre) move violently f HalUw. 
du^. 145; compos, ib^ren. 

berere bearer, Mand. 83. 

berj, ASax. berg, beorg, OSax. OFris. OHGerm. berg, 
OTceL biarg, bergh, mount, Ga,w. gloss. 368; bergh vis. 
P. P. 3666; beoruh Wr. voc 92; berh^e (borewe) {dat.) 
£03. 12311. 

berje, .4Saa;. berge, OHGerm. berga; compoa. berberje. 

b e r 36 n , ASom. beorgan, OSax. OHGerm. bergan, 
Olcel. biarga, Gotk. bairgau, protect, preserve, sace, rel. 
ant. 1, 208; ber^ben Orm. 1558; bargh (pret.) rel. ant. 

1, 22; borsben {part.) Orm. 3248; compoa. iber^en. 
berhles, yrowi berjen, salvation, Orm. 5116. 
berie, beri, ASax. bene, berige, OHOei-m. beri, berry, 

r^morum", prompt, pare. 32i berien (pi.) a. r. 276; beryes 
Mand. 168; beris Wr. $. a. c. 7(). 

berien, ASax. berian, OTcel. berja, OHGerm. perian, 
bear, strike, a. r. 188*; wip k spare . . . purgh pe herte here 
Chauc. C. t. 2258; as hit on ehe her sA strikes the eye, 
Kath. 1056; berid (pret.) went, Wid. gloas. 

bgril, Gr. ^p-AXn^, beryl, Wr. spec. 25; WaH. hist. 

2, 42... 


L ,-<,::..GOOgIf 

63 berliug 

. berling young bear, dep. of S. 16, 4. 

berme, ASoic. bearme, beonne, ODutch berme, banue, 
from beren, barm, tfeast, Wi: voe. 258; Orm. 997; 'rd. 
songs 7, 38; Ckauo. C. t. 12741. 

berten bert, sweat? i bert in bedde rel. atU. 2, 211. 

berwe, ASax. beam {nemus, lucus), shade ^uvtbracu- 
lum", prompt, pare. 

b 6 s an t (besaunt), OFr. besant, MHGerm. bisant, 
byzantine coin, Chauc. r. r. 1106; Wid. gloss. 7; be^sanz 
(pi.) Orm. 8102; besans Alis. 1572. 

besme, A8ax. besma, OHOerm. besemo, besom, broom, 
Wid. gloss. 7; besme (besim) prompt.parv. 33; besum Wr. 
voc. 235. 

best, OFr. beate, beast, a. r. 53; Brand. 31. 
beatlich beastly, a. r. 58. 

bfistinge, ASax. basting, from *bfist, ASair. beost, 
OHOerm. biost, beasting, „colostram^, prompt, parv. 33. 

bet, ASasB. OFris. Olcel. bet {for bets), OSace. bet, 
bat, OHGerm. baz, {comparat.) better, mdim, a. r. 416; 
■eis. P. P. 12738; Chauc. C. t. 242; Octov. 1191; Hoed. 

1, 178; best, ASax. betst, ■ (supcrfut.) Chauc. C. t. 535. 

h&ias, cmp. Olcel. beitioss, and, for as, windas, whip-atafff 
Rob. Br. M. 3, 396. 

bfite, ASax. b4te, OHGerm. bieze. Lot. bdta, beet, Wr. 
voc. 190. 

bStel, ASax. bStel, beotel, bttel, MHGerm. b6;e], 
beetle, Halliw. diet. 169; betil viaUetis, prompt, pare.' Zi; 
bltil m-. poc. 180. 
bitelbrowed beede-browed, vis. P. P. 2851. 

bfiten, ASax. betau, boeta Bout. ev. gloss., OFris. b4ta, 
Olcel. baeta, OSax. Goth, botjaii, OHGerm. puozen, from 
h6ie,'beet {b'.at), amend, repair, expiate, La^. 25977; a. r. 
92; Orm. 4440; Bob. Glouc. 291, 14; s. s. Web. 2123; 
b£te Amad. Robs. 4, 9: beteii alle owre bruchen Kath. 
1406; to bfite pe siiimes harrow. 229; oare serewes to 
bfite tTr. spec. 89; b6te ]iis iiMe Alis. 5065; ?W. nn(. 

2, 278; bete {appease) his hunger vis. P. P. 2255; iiettes 
bSte CAaiw;. C. ^ 3925; fires b4te 2255 (see Gt: wb. 2, 
572); h^tte {pret) Kath. 1210; pat her bales bgtte U 
beaits disc. 2088; ah 4ver me pat fflr bfitte £«5. 2862; 
greet fuir pei under b€tten Chavc. C. t. 12446: b^t {for 


Mten 53 

beted) {part.) Wr. spec. 30; bett Tmtmb. 76i; i brighte 
fir wel bett Percev. 439; cmipos. ib6teii. 

beten? MHGerm. b6?eii (prc(. b6?te)? beat; bStte (for 
bet?) fpret.) H^tci. gloss. 7; );m. P. P. 5963 {Wkitaker's 
edit, has bet); bett fsumbr. 310; bett (part.) Mar. mir. 
pi. 153. 

betere, ASax. betera, Ooth. batiza, OHGerm. beziro, 
{cotnpar.) better, melior, a. r. 310; owl and night. 713; 
Wr. spec. 28; betre chron. of Engl. 382; bettre vts. P.P. 
22''.5; beter (bettur) Chauc. C. t. 258; it. of T. 320; 
beste, ASax. betsta, OHOenn. bezesto, (superlat.) best, Bek. 
1447; |>at w6re noght pe beste (optimum) via. P.P. 225l>. 
beute, Fr. beaute, beauty, Mand. 12; Ckauc. C. t. 2387- 
bever, ASax. b^'ofer, OHGei-m. bibiir. beaver, Ckauc. 
C. t 274. 

beveren, cotmected with bivieuy bever, shake; mani 
knightes shoke ami bevered for ^grenes Robs. met. rom. 
gloaa.; his beveren (Jor bevereiid?) bent ant. Arik. 28, 6; 
wjp beverine kikkes Craw, gloss. 368. 

bi, be, A$ax.. OSax. OHGerm. bi, be, Goth bi, by. 

pe qu^ne pat bi («by") pe stod Wr. spec. 70; he t&s 

((dies) pe knight bi pe awire Perceo. 790; bi nijte 

Bek. 59; bi eche sidt! Brand. 22' iioht ne ma^ pe man 

bi braed al &ne libben Orm. 11344; pe wuned bi (in) 

westeii Kath. 591; seid uvel bi (of) h\\ oder a. r. 86; 

al swa hit is bi (leitk) mine songe owl and night. 1371; 

and dude al bi (after) bis rgde Bek. 169; pe castel be 

po £ee Tor. 871 ; be [ye welle Octnu. 327; be cause Mand. 

16; 46; 48; be middai Atid. 75. 

biafteo abaft, ieAtW, biafteii, biaefteri, baefteu in^. 7570; 

16077: 26927; bafteu Orm. 14688; baftes? Iwd. Cov. 180. 

bibleden cover tcith blood; bibled (part.) a. r. 118*; 

Skoreh. 87; Chauc. C. t. 2004; bebledd Mand. 3. 

beblotten blot, rt«i»t, Chauc. Troll. 2119. 

bibUjen decline, avoid, flee; bibaeh (pret.) La^,. 8193; 

bibujen 27965. 

biburien bury, Lut,. 1043tj; a. r. 216; biburiede (pret.) 

Kath. 2227. 

bicacchen catch, deceive; bikaht (part.) Orm. 12288; 

bicaught Alit. 4815; bicwugbt s. s. Web. 218S. 

becalien, call on, challenge, accuse, Gaw. gloss. 367; Iw. 491 ; 

Rob. Br. 257; <mt. Arth. 32, 7. 


54 bi 

biclaggen, Qerm. teklecken? biclagged „heiimeared'*, Gawi 
ffloss. 368. 

bicleopien accuse, a. r. 344; bicliped (part.) Bek. 365; 
bicloped owl and night. 550. 

bicluppen embrace, a. r. 90; beclippe Gow. covf. am. 2, 
95; Mand. 52; biclippide {pret.) Wid. gloss. 
bicMsen enclose; biclfised (part.) a. r. 378; bicluaet 
Kath. 59 a 

bicWten clovt, patch; bicbite {prea. imper.) a. r. 316. 
bicume ? 

bicumelicbe becomingly, rel. ant. 1, 131. 
bicumen become, come to, advenire, evenire, a. r. 64; and 
Cristene wommait bicome B(lc. 40; bicumep (pres.) owl 
and night. 271; bicomes „bejit8". Gate, gloss. 368; bicom 
{pret.) a. r. 3161 Kaih. 1563; harrow. 48; bicam vis. 
P. P. 3461 ; becam Mand. 231 ; |)er wiste non wher he 
.'becam <Tt>w>. conf. am. 2, 120; bicumen {part.) a. r, 340; 
bicome W'3,1. gloss. 215. 

bichermen scream at: hi me bichermep and bigredep ovil 
and night. 279. 

bicherren deceive, a. r. 368; bicharren (bicheorre) La'7^. 
969; 5355; bicherde (pret.) Kath. 1188; bicherd (pari) 
a. r. 224; bicharrid rel. ant. 2, 211. 
bidaelen derive; bidaeted (jjar(.) Orm. 4677 ; bidSIed 
(bidealed) £03. 26026. 

bidaffen render foolish or eUly: bep nought bidaffed Chaac 
C. t. 9067. 

bida^^en splash; bidagged (part.) Alis. 5485. . 

bidelven hury, HaUiw. diet. 173; bedolven (part.) Ckauc. 
lioet. 5; bedolve Will, gloss. 215. 

bidSne, cmp. Ihttck bijeen, LGerm. binSne, togdher, Orm. 
4793; Wr. p. s. 342; ffavel. 2841; Min. 15; Rob. Br. 
45, 26; bedSne ant. Arth. 24, 6; Mar. mir. pi. 117; 
pus Bcin pei alle bed^ne Eglam. 1128- 
bididren delude, Orm. 15891; pe d^fel hafdo hem al 
bididred & forblended 19138. 

bidravelen, LGerm. bedrabbeln, slaver, dirty; bidraveled 
(paH.) vis. P. P. 2860; bedrabilid prompt, paro. 
bedroppen bedrop, Gow. conf. am. 3, 254. 
bidutteii shut up: daer pu biat feste bidytt gr. 27. 
bidwelien? bewilder, lead astray; heo bidweolied simple 
men a. r. 128; as he bedweoled w§re Kath. 1268. 


bieode went arownd. Lot,. 1188; bijMe Skorek. 1 46 ; 

bieoden tended ? Katk. 1614. 

bifallen befall; bivalled (pres.) a. r. 296; bitSi {pret.) via. 

P. P. 11; hit biful Bat. 219; bifalle (paH) La3.2713B«. 

bifaugen lake; biffing {pret.) jta^. 829- 

bifiDden find; bivond (pret.) Rob. Glotic. 267, 22; bifunden 

(part.) Orm. 748. 

bifleon jlee; biflfi {prea. s«hj.) Skoreh. 36. 

bifolden /oW in; bifolde (patt) lai le fr. 172. 

bivon contain, a. r. 76. 

bitbrdu before, Orm. 117; Wr, spec. 24; bivoren a. »-,I90; 

bsforii Mand. 325; Amad. Roh». 28, 11. 

bifulea defle, polliite, a. r. 128; beflid (part) Halliw. did,. 

bigalen charm; bigiMen {p>-et.) Lai,. 19256. 

higalven frighten? |)at liors was swift as ilni swftlwo, no 

mati might pat hors begalwe Ell. rmn. 2, 171. 

big4n bfgo, surroan'l, beset, adorn; bigaed {prea.) La^^. 

11194; mid guide bigon {part) 24598; pe erpe it is, 

wbicb ^yer mo wip mannes labour is bego Gow. eonf. am. 

1, 152; wel bego;i C/iauc. r. r. 580; (wip) wo was pis 

wrecched womman p6 bigooii C. t. 5338; woo begon is be 

Tor. 1873. 

bigapen gape at; bigapede {pret.) Kath. 1262. 

bigilen beguUe, Horn 328 ; bigiled (prea.) a. r. 330 ; 

bi^uled Katk. 1054: bigited (part.) via. P. P. 12662; 

bigiled, bigaled a. r. 268; 370. 

bigin? OHGerm. bigin? beginning; bigunne (aoo.) Hick. 

then. 1, 226. 

biginnen begin, Kath. 281; Orm. 7822; Chauc. C. t. 42; 

Mginne (prea.) owl and night. 1454; bigan (pret.) 44; 

(pou) bigonne via. P. P. 3450; ha bigunnen Katk. 294; 

hegonnen Mand. 41; bigunnen (part) Orm. 7823; be- 

gonnen Mand. 40 ; bigonne Shorek. 58. 

biginning beginning, Kath. 290; Orm. 706. 

bigmTen bury; bigraven (part.) HaUiw. diet. 174; begrave 

Qou). eonf. am. I, 189. 

bigrSden cry at, beweep; bigrfidep (pres.) owl atid night. 

279; begredde (pret.) Hailiw. dia. 159; bigradden .diw. 5175. 

bigripen comprehend, indudei begripep (pres.) Gow. conf. 

am. 3, 102; bigripen chaatiae, censure, rel. ant. 1, 220; 

Crist hem bigr&p of y&^re woh Orm. 17861; bigripen 

iptitt.) 19867. 


56 , bl 

bigrippen? grasp; bigripte {pret.) Oaw. gloss. 

bigrowen overgrow; bigrowe (part.) Otol and night. 27; 

Gow. conf. am. 2, 358. 

blgurdel girdle to carry money, a. r. 124; blgirdel prompt. 

parv. 51; bigirdles {pi.) via. P. P. 5072. 

bigurden begird; bigurt (pres.) a. r. 378; bigerte {pret.) 

Shoreh. 51; bigirt {paH.) HaUiw. did. 174, 

bi^eoiid beyond; bijend Wr. an. lit. 5; bijunde Brand. 3. 

bijeonden beyond. Lay 29149; bi3ende, bijonde Wicl. 

gloss. 9; Bob. Glouc. 181; bijoiiden Ow*. 10603; s. a.c. 8. 

hiv^ite ()iig?:te) begetting, Ilalliw. diet. 172; 174j „progeny", 

WiU. gloss. 216; gain, Wr. p. s. 200! bisaete {ace.) Orm. 

16835; for paere muchele bijaete (bijeate) Lnj. 609; 

bi^eate obtaining, a. r. 166; bijeate (bi^fite) Kaih. 472; 

bigate booty, Alts. 2138. 

bi3eten beget, obtain, procure, Katk. 1633; begeten Em. 44; 

bijete owl and night. 1627 ; bijiteii Lot,. 17987 ; a. r. 142 ; 

bijet {pret.) 160; bijat Brand. 24; bigat Orm. 13986; 

WUl gloss. 215; bijeten {part-) Laz- 15792; Orm. 1645; 

8. s. Web. 1066; bisute Bek. 119. 

bihalden fccAoW, 0«n. 15663; bihalde Iw. 1426; bibolden 

a. r. 54; bihelde s. s. Web. 744; bibalt (pres.) a. r. 214; 

TTiW. j(o«s. 7; biheold {pret.) Kath. 744; bibeeld vis. 

P. P. 25; bihfild Bek. 709; bihgWen £^orA. 741 ; beboldeu 

{part.) Mand. 13; erl of T. 358; beholdin (be holdini') 

or boundin prompt, parv. 28; i am beholde {beholden, 

bound) Gow. conf. am. 3, 354. 

blbalfe see half; on ml behalfe {for balfe) on my behalf, 

Chauc. TroU. 2550; on goddes bebalve Mand. 225. 

bihangen bekang, hang fov,nd; bihongen {part.) La^. 36S7 ; 

biboDge Alts. 201. 

bibangien hang round; bebonged {part.) WilL gloss. 216; 

bihenged Orm. 951. 

bih&8 behest, Alis. 7840*. 

bih&t«n promise, bih&tea, bihaeten Z^i^, 6605; 11302; bi- 

hoten (bib&ten) a. r. 6; behotin prompt paro. 29 ; behoten, 

bih^te Wid. gloss.; i bibote vis. P. P. 3398; Ckauc. C. 1. 

1856; i behSte Mar. mir. pi. 15' (he) biMt a. r. 6; (beol 

bihoted 430; Jiei behoteii Mand. 251; bihSihte (bihehte) 

{pret.) Lay 1263; bih4t a. r. 176; Kath. 415; Orm. 5674; 

bjbist Wm. gloss.; Wid. gloss.; bihighte vis. P. P. 2603; 

behfiighte Mar. 20; pu bihfit Orm. 7621; ye bi- 


bl 67 

blghte Chauc. C. t 11639; bih&ten {part.) Kath. 75(i; 

Ortn. 13823; bihoten a. r. 182; Wid. gloss. 

bihfitinge promise, Wid. gloss. 

bibayen (behave) behave, Flor. 1567. 

bihMen (bihgde) heed, guard, owl and night 035; bihSdde 

rel. ant. 2, 225; his nest iio^t wel lie lie bih^dde owl 

and night. 102; pe ting hit wel bihSdde regarded? La'^. 


bihefdeo behead, Kath. 2273; bih^vedid, bihMid (part.) 

Wid. gloss. 

bibelden („biheoIden") perfundere, Kath. 1400. 

bihemmen hem: bibemmen and bilegge owl and night. 672. 

bibfeit hehest, promise, WUl. gloss. 215; Mar. mCr, pi. 15; 

bihSst, bihfete Wid. gloss. 8; bibfiste «. r. 208; Bek. 1406 

Chauc. C. t 4461; {dat.) Mand. 1; vis. P. P. 14160 

(ace.) Za^. 1263. 

bibfive, ASax. behefe, vsejul, profitable, a. r. 158; 176. 

bih€ve, A8ax. behfife, gain, profit, a. r. 96; 230; td hare 

bih^ve s. s. Wr. 2301. 

bihiuden behind, Orm. 401 ; Bek. 1374; bihiiide rel. ant. 1, 183. 

bihof, ASax. OFris. behof, Germ, behfif, behoof, profit, 

use; bibove (bihofe) (dal.) La^. 1050; to his owene bihove 

a. r. 70; servep to our behove transact. 19, 330. 

behoffol useful, hist. Edw. IV. 13. 

behdfllchpr(y?(a6Zc, beboveli „opportuniis", prompt, paro. 29 ; 

Chauc Trail. 1353. 

bihofpe, OFris. bihofte, behoof, (dot.) Roh. Glouc. 26, 18; 

(„bi6fpe") L03. 4376*; bihofte (dat.) P. P. p. 540. 

bihoven, ASax. behofian (indigere), OFris. bihdvia, behove, 

Wid. gloss. 8: bihofej) (pres.) Orm. 16706; bibovej) via. 

P. P. 11994; pe bibovej godes helpe SAo»-eA. 95; behovip 

Tor. 162; behoves s. s. Wr. 1545; lie. 3022; bfis 1085; 

2768; 3023: bihovede (pret.) a. r. 394; hir bihoved per 

to bide Perceo. 2228; biid Mm. 20. 

bihon behang, hang round, La3. 5620. 

bihaden conceal; bihud (paH.) a. r. 100. 

bianen within, Orm. 6292; biiineii lut jearen La'^. 221; 

binne Shoreh. 40; bin /w>. 1214. 

bijapeu trick, dupe; bijapep ci: P, P. 91; bijaped (part.) 

Chauc. C.t. 1587; i shal bejaped been & pousand time more 

pan pat fool Trail. 531; god wol iiogbt be bigiled ne 

bijaped vis. P. P. 12663. 


bikennen acquaint, commend, oomrmt, Havel. 1268; bikenne 
{prea.) Will, gloss. 215; bekeii Amad. Robs. 32, lis i bi- 
kenne |iee Crist »m. P. P- {)S0; bikenneii Oaw. gloss. 368 ; 
bikende (joret) ibid.; his modir in k^ping to [)ehebekende 
HalliiB. did. 160. 

bikn&wen recognize, acknowledge; bikiiowL'u lUch. 4476; 
vis. P. P. 407, s. s. Web. 2689; Gow. conf. am. 1, 62; 
biknowe Ckauc. C. t. 5306; (pres.) Qaw. gloss. 369; yif 
i beknowe mi name Amis 1270; bekn^w (pret.) Ckauc. 
I. g. w. 1056; (pei) biknowe vis. P. P. 13251; bikn&we 
(part.) Halliii). diet 175; bekiiowen Oato. gloss. 367; 
biknowe vis. P. P. 12120. 

bilaefen (biiaeven) leave, relinquish, La^- 2254; bileaven 
a. r. 340; bil^TC Will gloss. 215; h&Xky^ Halliw. diet. 161; 
biiaeven be left, remain, La-^. 1055; biWen Orm. 8380; 
bilSve lt<A. dlotic. 14, 22; s. s. Web. 48; Ckauc. C. t. 
10897; Jtftn. 10; l»ei ...sbule wi|) Sathanas bil^ven 
karrow. 231; bl^vin prompt, parv. 3^; hit bileaved in his 
Bficnesse a. r. 360; beMves ant, Arih. 38, 6; bilaefde (jorrf.) 
La-7,. 1613: bilSfde a. r. 372; biWte jf>«ffr«j. 1885; beiafte 
HaUiv). diet. 160; blfifde {Bblfifede") Octov. 507; bil6fed 
(^ar<.) Ortn. 8914: bileaved a. r. 168; bilfived .4Iw. 5310. 
bilaggen splash; liplaggid (part) prompt parv. 29; [fr. 
poc. 173. 

bilahen? /aw^A at; biloj (pret.) Skoreh. 102; bilowe 
Bot. Giowc. 299, 4. 

bilangen belong; belonge Goto. conf. am. 2, 351. 
bilappen lap about, wrap wp; hilapped (part.) Own. 14267; 
s. t. Web. 2210; Amis 1014; bilepped a. r. 100. 
belasten load, charge; betast {part.) Halliw. diet. 161. 
bileave belief, a. r. 2; bileeve Chauc. C. t. 3456; bi]eve 
Beh. 30; b3leve Mand. 131. 

bilefen (beleve) ieiwe, Mand. 53 ; bilefde (prrf.) Lai,. 2856«. 
bileggen (bilegge) 6eZ«y, oyil and night. 672; pe baere wiis 
bilejd wip baeten gold Ortn. 8i67. 

bilejen 6cZ»e; bilie vis. P. P. 3302; witnesses t'alae uiiil 
fele bilowen (pret.) bine Shoreh. 84; bilowen (part.') a. r. 
68; WW. P. P. 922. 
bilenge belonging, Orm. 2230. 

bilif (bilife ?), amp. OHGerm. bilibi ()«'c(m.»), /iwmt)', aiwfa- 
TMFKce, /owi, ffmifi. So/, a. Sat 229; bilive fio6. Gloac. 
496, 8; (ace.) yi's. P. P. 13426; bileove (ace) a. r. 168. 

M 59 

billfen remom; bilaef (pret.) Orm. 2391. 
biliggen beaiege, iaj. 506; bilai {prei.) 8719; Rob. Glouc. 
19, 13; belein (^part.) Gow. conf. am. 1, 338 i bilain lain 
WJttA, Flor. 1071; his doughtir pat was bilain Rick. 1119. 
bilimien diamember, iaj. 29364; bilimen Rob. 6l<mc. 301 ; 
bilimea Kalh. 2160; a. r. 360; bitimeden (prrt.) HalUw. 
diet. 175. 

bilimpeo happen, Orm. 11086; bHamp (pret.) 1929; bi- 
lumpen (paH.) 2905. 

bilinnen (bilinne) cease. Gam. 553; blinnen Om?». 4505; 
blinne WiU. glogg. 216; Oaw. ffloas. 369; T^r. j). ». 212; 
3far. mir. j^ 3; blan (pret.) 'Degree. 1117; ouow. ArVi. 
58, 11. 

blianunge ceasing, (dat.) Kath. 1694. 
bildken ioo4 at, behold, Orm. 2917; biloked (prea.) a. n 
132; beloked (paH.) Octov. 1046. 

biluvien fccZtwe, like, La^. 921; and if pou wilt... biiove 
pe antonges lewed men vis. P. P. 4254; ^if bit eow bi- 
loved Lot,. 989; biluvede (pret) 375; beloved (part.) 
ffow, com/", am. 2, 273; 80 wel beloved Chauc. C. t. 1431. 
bilUken lockup, endose; bilouken Shoreh. 121; billlken 
{pres.) Orm. 12126; bilSk (pret.) owl and niijht. 1079; 
biloken (port.) a. r. 160; rel. s&ngs 7, 68; beloke Halliw. 
diet. 162; biloke 176. 

bilurten, ASax. belyrtan, deceive; bilirten rd. ant. 1,217; 
bilurt {part.) a. r. 280*. 

bimasen amaze, bewilder; bimased (part.) a. r. 270; and 
lefte us liinge ... al bemased in iL soune (swoon) ChesL 
pi. 2, 93. 

bimeldeD, Germ, bemelden, denounce, betray; binielde (pres. 
subj.) Wr. an. lA. 3. 

bim^nen (bim^ne) mean, signify, HMiw. diet. 163; Havel. 
1259; what J»is motels bimenep via. P. P. 414; bira^De 
bemoan, complain, Rob. Olouc. 490, 24; ])erfore we ne 
bimenep pe no^t Bek. 983; (pei) bimenep via. P.P.9912i 
bimSnte (pret.) signified, 12108. 
bimolen spot, vis. P. P. 8907, 
. bimonen bentoan; bemoonid (part.) Halliw. diet. 163. 
bimoruen bemoum; bimonieden (pret.) Wid. gloaa. 
bineoden beneath, a. r. 304; biueode (benipe) La'^. 1325; 
binepen Orm. 10729; benepen Mand. 158; binepen, bi- 
nepe Wid. gloss. 8; binepe Wr. treat. 132. 


60 h\ 

binimeii take aviay, deprive, a. r. 194; chron. of Engl 
Sfl2 ; bioime Wid. gloat. 8 ; binirn {pren. imper.) a, a. Wr. 
705; biuom (pret.) La'^. 26112; benftme Gaw. gloss. 367; 
biuumen {part.) Orm. 7299; binomen via. P. P. 1998; 
Chauc. r. i: 1509. 

bipSchen deceive, La^. 5301 ; rd. ant. 1, 1801 bip4ht 
(part.) ret. aotiga 5, 128. 
bipenneii pen up; bipenued (part.) a. r. 94. 
bipiliiii peel; bipiled (part.) a. r. 148. 
biquoHben quash; biqiiashed (pret.f) via. P. P. 12574. 
biquejien bequeatlu „legare'*, }>rt»npt. parv. 31; biqued 
(bicwa[)) (pret.) Lar^. 9190; biqtia|) Oam. 99; biquef^en 
(part.) cr. P. P. 814. 
biquide begueat, Itoh. QltMC. 381, 9. 

biraedeu (biivadeii) adoiae, covnael, La^. 31072; birMe 
Hartah. mt. t 98; biradde (bireadde) Ipret.) Katk. 1237; 
biredde Skoreh. 124; biraddeii chron. of Engl. 40. 
bireafleii bereaoe; biraevieii (bireave) La',. 30311; bjreve 
via. P. P. 4293; bireaved (prea.) a. r. ISO; biraevede 
(jpret.) La^. 8801; bireafde 102*; birfift Will, gloas. 216; 
biraefed (part.) Orm. 2832; bir€ved owl and night 120; 
Wr. apec. 101; bir&ft Halliw. diet. 177. 
bir^eii make ready, Lar^. 4198, 

bireineii hernia, rain upon; biiine Horn 11; bireined 
(part.) a. r. 344; Wicl. gloaa.; bereinid „complutiai*', 
prompt, pari!. 

bireiineii run to; biarnde iprtt.) La^. 26776. 
bireoweii repent., Oim. 450G; birewe via. P. P. 7930; 
birue? pitijf Wr. li-eat. 139. 
bireaunesse pity, (ace.) a. r. 66. . 

bireowsen repent, Orm. 8800 ; lireusi (nbirensi" is a 
mistake) Shoreh. 43. 
bireousunge repentance, a. r. 372. 
birideii ride round, La^. 

birinneii >-uh round; biurnen (pr^.) La^. 26066; (pari) 

bisOMe proverb, (dat.) a. r. 88. 

bischadwen shade; bischa^lewep (pres.) s. a. Web. 586; 
beshaded {pa)-t) Qow. conf. am. 2, 109. 
biscliedeii beaprinkle; bischedde (pret.) Wicl. gloss. 
bischiueu beakine; bisiduep (prea.) Orm. 18851; bei>hiDe|i 
Oow. conf. am. 3, 242. 


bl 61 

bischlten beshite; bisbiten (pari.") Alig. 5486. 
bischrSwe heshrew, deprave, hlame, curse; bischrfiwe (preg.) 
Chauc. C. t. 0427; biahrewip WicL gloss. 8; bisher^wed 
(jjrrt.) vis. P. P. 2418; beshrewed {part) Gow. conf. am. 
I, 76; j)is world is al beshrSwed Hardw. poem 46, 2; 
beacherdwd Avd. 32. 

bischutten ahvt up, indose; bishetten (pret.) vis. P. P. 
1308; bbhett (part) Alia. 5765; beshet CAawc. T. (. 4488; 
Octov. 1280. 

bisSchen beseech: nu ich mot bistohen pat piug pat ich 
aer forhowede La^. 3494; and swa habbed EiigUsce men 
flreicunde atbeolden (r. atholden), pat weiiftvere(iiaevere?) 
seodden bisteben hit no (ne?) miht€n31672; jmscholdest 
bisScben me cosses a. r. 102; his&keJi Haoel. 299 i.bis&ciis 
ipres.) Katk. 2375; pw. P. P. 580 ; Alia. 4631 ; .Vanrf. 310; 
bieseeche (n w. speeche) Chavc. I. rj. w. 1622; biseeke 
(r. to. meeke) C. t. 14652; besSke lud. Cov. 12i); biseh^ 
owl and night. 1437; bisohte (prel.') Kath. 2395; bisoughte 
Percev. 2144: bisouhten a. r. 230; bisolit {paH.) \Vr. 
spec. 72; biaoiiht a. r. 234. 
biseching beseeching, prayer, Wid. gloss. 
bisgmen 6e8e«»,6e/(; bisemep(p»-e«.) cr. P.P. 116; bis^mez 
OatD. gloss. 369; bis^men Wid. gloss. ^\ besemen, bisSme „ap- 
pear", WHl. gloss. 215; biafimede (^»e(,) appeared, a. r. 148. 
blsen short-sighted? Halliw. diet. 178; pn art blind dper 
bisne (r. bisen) owl and night. 243. 

bisenchen sink, a. »•. 400; bisenken Orm. 19690; bisencte 
[pret.) a. r. 334*. 

bisenden send to; bisende (p-et.) Rob. GIokc. 524; bisent 
Rob. Jh: 309. 

biseon besee, see to, j>rovitle, array, adorn, a. r. 344; biseo 
Bek. 106; bisen s. s. Wtb. 507; hiseo {pres. svbj.) owl 
and night. 1270; bisai (pret.) Rob. Glove. 192; pe due 
bisaeh a Brenne Lai,. 4907 ; besein (part.) Gow. conf. 
am. 1, 341; biaeye vis. P. P. 14329; Hoccl. 1, 142; so 
richeli biaeye Chauc. C. t. 8860. 

bisetteii (bisette) beset, apply, vis. P. P. 3000; bisetten 
{pret.) „engrajied'', W id. gloss. 8; and bisette pis schip 
al aboate Brand. 21; biset {paH.) a. r. 58; Kath. 1578; 
Orm. 8169; pou hast wel beset nd god Odav. 956. 
bcsewen sew around; besewed {part.) Will, gloss. 
; {ace.) H. zei 

be8i3t provision; besijte {ace.) If. zeitsehr. 11, 298. 


62 U 

bisitten (bisitte) sit, va. P. P. 1164. 

bislabereu beslobber (slaver); bislabered {part.) via. P. P. 


bismar, ASax. bismer, bismor, OflQerm. bismer, disgrace, 

shaiiie, reproach, scorn, Rob. Glouc. 12, 7; pe JW bismar 

haveJ idon Lai^. 4403; bismare (dat.) Alts. 648; CAowc, 

C. t. 3963 ; lauhweii him to bismare a. r. 270 ; bismare {aec.) 

llalliw. diet 178; bismarea [pi.) vis. P. P. 13545; bi- 

smere {dot.) Kath. 551; vis. P.P. 2651; Halliw. dicLlJS. 

bismerven besmear-, bismeoruwed (part.) a. r. 214. 

bismitten, ODutch besmetten, OHOerm. bismiz/en, dirty; 

bismitted [part.) a. r. 214. 

bismotereu, cmp. LGerm, besmaddeni, dirty; bismoterud 

(pari) Chauc. C. t 76. 

bismudden dirty; bismuddet (part.) a. r. 214*. 

bianfiwen besnow; bisnewed (part) via. P. P. 9830 i 6ov). 

conf. am. 1. 111. 

bisoilen soU; bisoiled (part.) Shoreh. 108. 

bisoken request; bisocne (dat.\ Lar^. 30219*; (acc^ a. r. 

376; ac poru bisokne of pe king delayed it was 3iite 

hob. Glove. 495, 7. 

bispeken bespeak, discuss; bispeke (parL) owl and niffhL 

1736; 36 babbep among ^u... bispeke p&t Home Bek. 919. 

bispel example, owl and night. 127. 

bisperren lock up; bisparred (prea.' a. r. 94*; bisperede 

(preL) vis. P. P. 9904. 

bispeten (bisp^te) bespit, Wid. gloss. 8; bispSted (pres.) 

a. r. 288; bispatten (pret) Wid. gloss.; bispet, bispat 

(part.) ibid. 

bispitten (bispitte) bespit, Wid. gloss. 

bespr^den bespread; besprad (pret.) Chauc. fi. a. I. 266; 

bespred (part.) k. of T. 762. 

bisprengen besprinkle; biaprenge (pres.]) Kob. Olouc.l2S,5; 

bisprengde (pret.) Halliw. diet. 179; bispreinde Wid. 

gloss. 8; bispreind, bispreint (paH.) ibid.; al bespreint 

wip bloode Lidg. m. p. 91. 

bistanden stand about, surround; bistant (pres.) owl and 

night. 1436; bistode (pret.) Will, gloss. 216; biatonden 

(part) a. r. 264; bistoiiden mid bunden LaT^. 30323. 

bistaren stare at; bistarede (pret.) Katk. 309. 

bisteden? OHGerm. pistaten (constituere), bestead, place; 

bestedd ,(/?«)■(,) rWowi. 1461 ; bestad n'^'''^'^''*^'^''^"; Gaw. 

bl ■ 68 

gloas. 368; Cham. C. t. 5069; Hood. \, 129; lud. Gov. 

329; wofulli bestad (?oio. amf. am. 1, 198; hwoii wc beod 

so bistaded (?) a. r. 264. 

bisteken shvt, a. r. 62. 

bistelen steal away. Lot,. 9756; bistal (prH.) 28422. 

bisteppea meet, overtakef bistepped (part.) a. r. 174. 

bistfire bettir, AIL^. 6837; Qow. conf. am. 3, 295. 

bistowe hestow, Shoreh. 95; via. P. P. 4622; Chaw,. C. t. 


biatriden bestride, LaT,. 28020; biatridej) vis. P.P. n.'>25; 

bestrod (pret.) Tor. 504. 

biswiken decewe, betray, Lo't,. 754; a. r.224; Orm. 11678; 

Alia. 4609; beswike Horn 296; Rich. 5918; a. ». Weh. 

2500; Jtob.lir. 273; biswAk {preL) L03. 14864; biawiken 

( part.) a. r. 54 ; Wr. spec. 46 ; bisuike Rob. Gloiic. 272, 24. 

biswinken procure, produce by labour; biawioken ipres.) 

via. P.P. 10574; biswonke (pre*.) 14510; beswonke (jKtrt.) 

Halliw. diet. 169. 

bitaecben aaxign, commit, Orm. 6126; bitSclien La^. 5314; 

a. r. 300; biteche WM. gloss. 216; Crist i pe biMche 

Horn 577; beteiche itfar., 62; bitahte {prct.) La'T,. 

247; Kaik. 608; Orm. 14774; betauste a. s. IIV,. 324; 

betaughte Chaw:, r. r. 4438; pe ring pat i him bitauglite 

Percev. 2156; biteijte -Bei. 1827 ; bitausteu Wicl. gloss. 8; 

bitaht (part.) Wr. spec. 42; bitaujt Wdl. gloss. 216; 

biteiht a. r. 166. 

bitaken (betake) betake, commit, ddiver, La^. 3542*; 

Wid. gloss. 8; s. a. Wr. 30; i bitake Okauc. V. t. 3748; 

bitoc (bitok) (pret.) Laz- 22464- Rob. Glouc. 183; Will. 

gloss. 216; Wid. gloss. 8; s. s. Wr. 412; Ckauc. C. t. 

12469; betoke T<m: 2250; bitaken {part.) Wicl. gloss. 

bit^neii bitohen, signify, Orm. 919; bitocned {prea^ a. r. 

170; bitoknede {pret) Rob. Glouc. 288, 7; pat he waa 

lord and king of Itinges wel bitokiiede pe sterre Shoreh. 

123; bitokenede ^marked", Wid. gloss. 9; bitocued {part) 

a. r. 374. 

bitocnunge signijieatioti, a. r. 308; bjtokninge Be/c. 103. 

bitellen excuse, justifi, Orm. 2'045; and lust h4 ich con 

me bitelle owl and nygkt. 263; to bitellen {daim) eowere 

rihtes/^3. 7894; betelle J/ar. mir.;;;. 139; bitelled (pres.) 

a. r. 226*; bitald {part.) La^. 31304. 

bitellunge accuse? imputation? a. r. 392. 


64 . bl 

biteon draw over, employ, La^, 9117; a. r. 398; bitojen 

(part) La^. 19010; pe nistingale al hire hoje mid rede 

hailde wel bito3e owl and night. 702 ; or elles icli bevede 

uvele bitoweii muchel of mine bwflle (r, hwile) a. r. 430, 

biUden betide, a- r. 278; bitide IVr. spec. 90; bitidde 

(pret.) Bek. 1511; s. s. Wr. 589; betidde ant. Arth. 1, 1. 

biti3t«n? cover? bitist mid rflje velle ovA and night. 1011. 

bitildeu cover: and lette hine bitillen {for bitilden?) mid 

goldtese pallen 1,03. 27852. 

bitimen happen; bitimed (pres.) a. r. 324. 

bitraien (bitraye) betroT/. Bek. 650; vis. P. P. 538; bitra- 

ishe Halliw. diet. 170; bitraide (pret.) Brand. 27. 

bitrappen (bitrappe) trap, Hallite. diet. 170; bitrappet, 

bitreppet {part.'\ a. r. 174*. 

bitrenden ? yind round; bitrent (part.) Chawe. Trail. 4080. 

bitreupeu betroth; bitreupede (preL) Shoreh. 66. 

bitruflen beguile; bitrufled (pres.) a. r. 106. 

hitrumen hetrim; al abuten bitrumet (fortified?) wid & 

dSrewurde wal Kath. 1659*. 

bitAnen enclose; bitAuden (pret.) £03. 4287 ; bitilned (j)»rt.) 

a. r. 164; bituined Kat/i. 1659. 

bitumen turn round; biturn J)e and cum a3ean a. r. 394. 

bitweoneB, ASax. betvcouan, between, La'^. 253; Katk. 

1526*; bitwfinon a. r. 72; bitweone otcl and night. 1377; 

bitu4ne Wr. treat. 134; bitw^ne via. P. P. 1509. 

bitwib, ASax. betvih, betveob, betvyh, betvuh, bOween, 

bitwise La^,. 20947; bitueisen 784; bituhen Kath. 1526. 

bitwix, ASax. betvilis, betveohs, betwixt, Chauc. C. t. 882 ; 

Amis 142; bitwtxen (bitwixte) ias- 5010; betwixen CAoiic. 

TroU. 7000 ; bituxen owl and night. 1745 ; bituixte 

Shoreh. 77. 

bipecchen cover; bipeht (part.) La^. 24742. 

bidencben bethink, meditate, La^. 12724; bipencbe Bek. 43; 

Shoreh. 33; bipenken Orm. 2917; bipenke Will, gloss. 

216; Wicl. glos$. 8; bepinkin „cogitare, Tneditari", prompt. 

parv. 34; 3if he lid & bidenched him hwonne he wule 

arisen a. r. 324; bidouhte (preL) 200; bipou3te Wicl. 

gloss. 8; bidouht (part.^ a.'r. 342; we beod bipohte we 

thtnk, rel. songs 4, 56. 

bipringen oppress; bidrungen (biprongen) (par(.) La^. 

8814; wip wandrfip biprungen Orm. 14825. 

bipunchen think; 3if liim so biduuched a. r. 346 

U 66 

bufea above, Orm. 4773; buven a. r. 106; Kath, 2396; 

buven (bove) La^,. 26050; buYe owl and night. 208; hove 

Wr. aa. lit. 5 ; at pat is bove and under molde Shoreh. 

117; compos, abuven. 

bftten (/'or biflten) but, without, Orm. 2228; bfiteii (bote) 

Noe & Sem Lot, 23; buten (widiita) live Kath. 252; pis 

world iiis buten [praeter) & wei to beovene a. r. 150; 

bflte ntai 230; bute sine, owl and night. 1788; bflte pu 

wilte. bet agiane, ne sbaitu Mte schame iwiuue 1287; 

but (but?) Orm. 493; sed, via. P. P. 381; Wicl. John 6; 

tamen, Chauc. C. i. 74; pei conne meche of holi writ, 

bat pei undirstonde it not Mand. 136; beouten cr. P. P. 

1298; bo!iti?n eade Wr. treat. 132; boute sine, Hartak 

met. t. 236; boute gile Wr. spec. 38; but, bot „except". 

Will. gloa.*. 217; boute, bout ^withotU", ibid.; but, bout, 

boiite ^without", Gaw. gloss. 370; 372; bot if „ii^ess", 

ibid.; boten Wr. p. a, 156; bot aed, laitmb. 150; and was 

bot seven winter old a. a. Wr. 14; compoa. abtlten. 

biwiiilen hewaii, Chauc. 0. t. 4446; biweile Wid. gloss. 9; 

biweilep Alis. 4395. 

biwakeo (biwake) watch, a. a. Web. 2764 ; biwakeden (jiret.) 

Laz- 2G823; bewaked (paH.') Oow. conf. am. 2, 350. 

biwalwen? wallow, roll about: biwaled on axen (biwalewed 

in axe) L03. 25989. 

biwapen stupefy; bewaped (part.) Halliw. diet. 171 ; so 

bewbapped and asaoted Gow. conf. am. 3, 4. 

biwaren beware, guard, keep; bewar pe a. a. c. 10; if pe 

clerk beware hia faip Gow. conf. am. 1, 262; if pou so 

d6e, pi wit is wel bewared Chauc. Trail. 636. 

hiweJden wed; biwedded {part.) La^. 4500. 

biw^fen wind round, cover; biwfifde (/>ret.) La^. 28474; 

biw^ved (part.) Rob. GlouG. 539, 21 ; Alia. 1085; biweaveJ 

Lot,. 130. 

biweilen? deceive? biweiled (part.) Shoreh. 3, 

bawelden wield, govern, Gow. conf. am. 1, 312. 

biweuden turn about, a. r. 306; biwende (fret) Kath. 

2362; heo biwenden heom aone La^.' 26576; biweiite 

Hern 329; biwent (part.) a. r. 1108 

hiwepen beweep, weep over, a. r. 108; Orm. 1513ii; owl 

and night. 972; biw4pe Shoreli. 102; Chauc. r. r. 5121; 

biweop (pret.) a. r. 278; Alia. 3655; bewopen (part.) 

Chauc Troil. 6585; biwope s. a. Web. 1186. 

:, Google 

96 U 

biw^pen (biwfipe), heweep, Wicl. gloss. 9 ; biwfipte {prft.~\ 

ibid.; biwgped {paH^ WiU. gloss. 216. 

biworen defend, protect; biwereat [pres.) owl and night. 1 1*2-1, 

biw^ten wet; bewet {part.) Halliw. diet. 171, 

biwicchen (bewicche) bewitch, Mand.159; biwicched (jij-et.) 

via. F. P. 13262. 

biwi3elieii beguile, iaj. 969. 

biwilen beguile, rd- ant. 1, 182; biwille HaUiw. diet. 180; 

biwiled {paH.) Shoreh. 67 ; Gate, gloss. 369. 

biwinnen win, obtain, Lot^. 472; biwinne chron. of Engl. 

465; hiwan {pret.) LaT^. 4Q7 4 ; biwunneo {part.) a. r.228; 

biwonnen La^. 109. 

biwist being, livmg: beowust among men a. r. 156; hu 

beod pine beouate {pl.f) how are you,La^. 17809 ; biwiste 

(dot.) rd. ant. 1, 131; beouste (bewiste) (ace.) a. r. 160. 

biwiteii guard, keep, Tm't,. 2613; 13782; biwitten 6659; 

biwusten {pret.) 13722; biwust {paH.) 20684; a. r. 104. 

biwiten guard; hiwite {pres. subj.) rel. songs 5, 259;biw&t 

{pret.) LaT,. 13028; biwiten (paH.) 24678. 

biwitien guard, La^. 6659*; biwittie 27534*; biwitede 

(pret.) 31013*. 

biword byword, proverb, Ckauc. TroU. 5438. 

biwrappen (bewrappe) wrap up, Wicl. gloss. 9 ; bewrapped 

(part.) Will, gloss. 215; biwrabbet a. r. 260*. 

biwr^seu (biwrfiye) denounce, betray, Ckauc. C. t. 2231; 

biwrigben Alts. 4116; bewrie Will, gloss. 215; bewreie 

{pres. subj.) Hartsk. met. t. 102. 

biwrenchen deceive, cheat; biwrenched {pres.) a. r. 92. 

biwreon cover, hide; biwro owl and night. 673; biwrisen 

{paH.) Lot,. 5366; biwrien a. r. 262. 

biwrixlen change; biwrixled {paH.) a. r. 310. 

bi, ASaa:. b% Olod. bjr, town, Halliw. diet. 172. 

bicchc, ASax. bicce, Olcel. bikkja, biu^, rel. artt. 1, 
187; Wr. an. lit 11; vis. P. P. 3180; bicche (bicke) 
prompt, parv. 35; bicchen {pl^ Alis, 5394. 

bid, ASox. bid {nwra) Grein's gloss., stay? bide (ace.) 
Tor. 1463. 

bidden, ASax. biddan, OFris. bidda, bidia, OSax. 
biddian, Goth, bidjan, Olcd. bidja, OHGerm. bittan, bid, 
beg, pray, a. r. 228; to bidden pSs bone Kath. 611 ; to 
bidden hia milce rel. songs 4, 55; & bidden for pe Orm. 
6130; to bidden {for beodenj ub t6 Criste 3990; biddia 


biddete 67 

„<>rare, foandare", prompt, parv. 35; bidde {pre».^ WtU. 
gloas: 214: if i bidde km bedes v%». P. P. 3287; biddep 
Chavc C. t. 3641; he pat biddep borwep vii.F.F. 4639; 
biddep (/or beodep) JfoW. 235; biddes /sKm6.270; beddez 
Gaw. gloss. 367; bit Orm. 5454; he bit {frays for) uulich 
stude a. t. 156; hii hiddip vor dr fon liob. Olouc. 235, 
22; biddande {part.) W^l. glots. 214; compos, ibiddeii. 

biddere, ASax. biddere, bidder, petitioner; bidderis 
(pi) vis. P. P. 4204. 

biden (bide), ASaa;. OSasB. btdan, Goth, beidau, OTcel. 
btda, OHGerm. Mtan, hide, wait, remain, Oaw. gloss. 36S; 
Wid: gloss. 7; vis. P. P. 12698; s. s. R'efc. 2864; Wr. p. g. 
20i; Min. 20; Octov.Hli; Tor. 1023; i mai no leugev bide 
Ckanc. 0. t. 4235; bide &a aiiaware Flor. 2fi4; hidez, 
bides, bidis {pren.) Oaw. gloss. 368; hidas ant Arlk. 10,5; 
bad ipret.) Percev. 569; had, baid Gaw. gloss. 366; bod, 
bood Wicl. gloss. 7; Gow. conf. am. 3, 292; Ckauc. C. t. 
4397; biden r eh. Line. 17; biden (part.) J/w. 897 ; compos. 
a-, i-, overbldeu; deriv. bftd. 

big big, great, strong, Chavc. C.t. 548; beg Gaw. gloss. 
367 ; bigge (pi.) vis. P. P. 4224. 

bigli Halliw. did. 174: bigli kndia Flor. 220; bigll blis 
1681; begle Halliw. diet. 159. 

big, Olcd. bygg, barley, Wr. ooc 233. 

bijels, ASax. b^geU, „{arcus), fornix'*, Wr. voc. 92. 

bijt, ASax. hyht, from bflseu, bight, bend, Gaw.gloss. 
369; lel. ant. 1, 190. 

bike? building, Gaw. gloss. 368; nest: 4 bike of waspes 
HtMivi. diet. 175. 

bikeu. Germ, biekeu, Dutch hackeji, peck, stvtie; beked 
{prea.) a. r. 84; hiked {pret.) Alis. 2337. 

biker, OHGerm. bedier, beaker, ci^, prompt, pare, Ba. 

biker, /rwM biken, figtu, guarrd, Bob. Glouc. 543, 4; 
Chauc. I. g. to. 2659; bikir „pugna^, prompt, parv. 35; 
Alia. 1661; bekir Halliw. diet. 160. 

bikeren, LGerm. pikern, strike, skirmish, fight, prompt, 
parv. 36; bekire Gaw. gloss. 367; bekere ant. Arth. i, 2; 
bikere {pres.) vis. P. P. 14082. 

bit. ASax. bill, OSax. MHG^rm. bil, bill, axe, La^. 
1714; wUls and invent. 37; hill lu:. 3225; bille prompt, 
part!. 36; billes {pi.) Alis. 1624. 

bile, ASax. bile, Ir, bile, bil? bill, beak, owl and night 


68 biUe 

79; (dot.) a. r. 84; tna. P. P. 7290; bille Oou>. eon/, aiu. 
2, 106; (ace.) «. 8. Wr. 2196; bilis {pi) Wid. glots. "«. 
?bilewhlt simple, mUd, Orm. 6654. 

billfl bill, letter, prompt pam. 36. 

billen bUl, „rostrare", pronnpt. pare. 

billin, MHGerm. billen, hoe, ^marrare", prompt, parv. 

binde woodbine, vine-branch, prompt, parv. 

binden, ASasc. OSax. Goth, bindan, OFnt. Olcd. 
binda, OHGerm. bintan, bind, La^. 18458; bindep (pres.) 
Wr. tpec. 104; bint a. r. 6; band {pret.) Iv>. 1776 Chauc. 
C. t. 4080; bond Wr. treat. 136; via. P. P. 11608; bunden 
Orm. 15820; bounden WiU. gloM. 216; bunden (part.) 
/w. 289; R(^. Br. 138, 20; boundeil harrow. 53; Chauc. 
C. t. 8580; Wicl. John 11; bonden Perceo. 1830; bun 
Toum. myat. 99; compos, for-, ibiuden; derivat. band. 

binge, Dan. bing, bin, prompt, parv. 36; benge 31. 

benger cheit, prompt, parv. 31. 

binne, A8ax. binn (praegepe), Germ, binne, benne 
(corbis), bin, Wr. voc. 180; {dot.) lud. Cov. 159; {ace.) 
Chauc. C. t. 696. 

birche,. .dSaa;. birce Ettm. lexic 287, Wr. voc 285. 
beorc Grein't gloss,, byre Wr. voc. 33, OHOerm. bircha, 
Olcd. biork, birch, prompt, parv. 36; birke Flor. 1518; 
(cfot) Perctfu. 773; burche Wr. voc. 181; birches {pi.) 
Alia. 5242. 

birkin, ASaa. bircen, Olcd. birkinn, birchen, Gaie. 

hire? ahed, stall, HaUiw. did. 177; Gav>. glosa. 369. 

birle, ASaa. byr(e)le, 07cei. bjrli, cv,p-bearer, bv^,er, 
r,pincema", Wr. voc. 89; birle (borle) Xaj. 24164; birles 
{pi.) Orm. 14023. 

birlen, A8ax. byr(e)lian, Olcel. byrla, give to drink, 
a. r. 114; Ortn. 15418; birle IFici. gloM. 8; brilliii 
npropinare" , jprowpt parv 51 i birlide (^rrt.) IViici. gloaa.; 
ache birlid whit win and r6d Tor. 2a2i birlute avow. 
Artlt. 46, 14. 

bischop, ASaw. biscop. Lot. episcopus, bishop, rel. 
aongs 6, 5. 
bigchopnche bishopric, Bek. 1008. 

bisen, ASax. bysen, example, (biane) Orm. 8987; bisne 
{diO.) La^. 30; (ace.) HqlUw. diet. 179. 

bite, ASax. bite, bita I^e's diet., Olcd. biti Egilaa. 


bite 69 

learic^ OHGerm. bizzo bit, morsel, vis. P. P. 12481; (aco.) 
Bob. Glouc 207, 4; &n bite braedea Orm. 8640. 

bite (blte?^, ASatc. bite Grein'a glen., bite item. 
Z«)rtc., OSaa:. biti, OFn>. biti, bite, bit, Olcel. bit HaUora. 
lexic^ Qo'h. (anda-)beit, OHGerm. biz {MHGerm. bl?), 
Me, £at&. 2437; a. r. 288; a. «. TTrb. 760; Maud. 49; 
bit (hit?) Jw. B4; bitt -4i«. S436; biten (dot. pi.) La^. 
21364; bitt (bite) „morsua, lupatam", prompt, pan. 37; 
bitfe nmorms", Wr. voc. 198; bitte (cfot.) bit of the bridle, 
Chauc I. g. VI. 1206; bitte bit, edge of an axe, Qaw.glou. 

bite, ASax. bite (fera), viper f bollen as & bite Mapea 334. 

bltel biting, sharp: bltel wraeches (gen.) Orm. 10074; 
bitele duntes La^. 26967. 

bltel (bitil), A8ax. bltel {Uatta\ beetle, prompt, parv. 37 ; 
bfitil Wr, voc 256. 

biten, ASax. OSax. bltan, OFria. Olcd. blta, dotA. 
beitan, OSGerm. blzan, &t'te, a. r. 364; via. P. P. 8947; 
per was no kalf pat woHe him bite („hjtei'^ Eglam. 491; 
pat fivere wolde ie bite Havel. 1731; bltep (prea.) Orm. 
9954; bit a. r. 166: h&t (.pret.) Iv>. 2029; bot (boot) «. «. 
H^et. 773; via. P. P. 2642; CAaue. C. t. Tyrwk. 14519; 
Ocfov. 329; lud. Goo. 29; (pat) gver bot briSd ant. ^^&. 
43, 2; biten La^. 17S8; Mia. 5435; hltand (;>rea. jiort.) 
Oow. gloia. 369; bitten (pret port.) Chauc I. g. w. 2314; 
ibite Mia. 5438; compot. a-, forblten; derivat. bait 

biter, ASaa. biter, 0/crf. bitr, OflGerm. biterer, yrom 
biten, Wfter, * a. Web. 849; bitter a. n 302; nawt bittres 
ffadi. 1704; bittre bitterly, via. P. P. 1867; bitture (com- 
panM.) a. r. 114; bittrore W^f. apec. 99. 
bitterllche, ..^jSox. biterlice, bittedy, a. r. 364; bitterli 

bltere frtJter; compoa. bacbltere. 

biternesse, ASasc. bitemeas, bitterness, Skoreh. 91; 
bittemesse a. r. 372. 

bittren, A8ax. biterian, make bitter, a. r. 308. 

bitor, Fr. butor, bittem; bitour Chauc. C. t. 6554; 
bitter Cheat, pi. 1, 61. 

birien, ASaa:.. bifian, beofian, OSax. bivoo, OFrta. 
beva, OHGerm. biben, (remWe, bivien, beOTien, bnyien 
La^. 27453; 27718; 27817. 

bl& (blaa), ^Sok». blae, bleo, OFria. Man, 0/cei. blftr, 
OHGmn, blawer, Uu^ JWn&. 311; bl&, bloo f,liindua^. 


70 blaber 

prompt, pai-v. 40; rfidvus", rel. ant I, 8; Rich. 2644; 
Rob. Br. 173, 28; Moo askes via. P. P. 1554; as bio as 
18d Uaa-. mir. fl. 148; pe water so bio Em. 318; Modi 
and lloo lud. Cm. 3S5; blac as k blcia (MS) men a. r, 
236; of Ethiope he brolite pa bleo men La-^. 25380; 
bleu {„blew") caervlevs, frompt. parv. ^1; TrUt. 3, 10; 
bleu („bleiv") as inde {indigo' Mand. 48; (blew, bliew) 
Cliauc. C. t. 10093; (bhve) Gaw. gloaa. 370. 

blabirlippid blobber-lipped, HaUtw. diet. 200. 

blaberen, Dan. blabbre, Oerm. blabberu, plappcru, 
blab, tattle, „stammer'^f Wid. gloss. 9; „Hater are", prompt. 
parv. 37; pou blaberest llalliw. did. 180; pel blaberin 
lud. Cov. 164 

blac, ASax. blaeu, ODvtch black, black, a. r. 234; 
Wr. treat. 133; blak Mand. 51; Chauc. C. t 2132; k. of 
T. 773; blak and bl6 Wr. spec. 68. 
blakberye blackberry, HcUliw. diet. 180. 

blac (blek), Aoax. Maec, ODvtch black, OIIGertn. 
blach, black, ^atratmntum", prompt, parv. 

blac (bl&k), ASax. blfic, blaec, OSax. bl6c, Olccl. 
bleikr, OHGerm. bleicher, from bliken, bleak, pale, ant. 
Ank. 51, 8; bl&c ant won Wr. spec. 74; bloc a. r. 332; 
bleik „palltdu3*', prompt, jtaro. 39; Lidg. st. of Tk. 2332- 

blad, At^ax. blaed {folium), OSax. bUd, Olcel. blad, 
OHGerm. Wat, blade, prompt, parv. 37; Chauc. C. t. 620; 
And. 12; compos, schulderblad. 

blader, .(4Sair. blaedre, OArfcA binder, blaere, OHGerm. 
blatra, from bla,wen, bladder, rel. ant. 1, 190; bladder 
Chauc. a t. 12367; bleder Wr. voc. 256; bletldre a. r. 
282; bleddere cr. P. P. 442; bleddir ^vesica", prompt, 
parv. 39; bloure {pi.) pustules. Town, myst 62. 

bUdoreii, ODutch Mitilcren {froudcn), Uadi, ^hvoi.' 
bladdirp (pres.) Halliw. nug. poet. 66. 

blaed, ASax. blaed, OHGerm. plfit, frmh bUweii, 
blast, fame, glory. 
blaedfaest fainoits, glorious, La^. lOlOO. 

blaed, ASax. Mfad, OFcd. blaiidr, OSa.r. blodi {timidua). 
OHGerm. Mu ler {■legcner), timid, fearful, LaZ- 18737. 

blaffard, OButcJi blaffjiert {balntro, blatero), front 
•blaffen, blabbe', stammerer; blatford (btaffere) ntraxdus", 
prompt, parv. 


blaffen 71 

blaffen? ODitich blaffen, blab, slammer; wlaffes (prea.) 
H'r. voc. 173. 

blake blackness, a. r. 282. 

b 1 a k e Q (blakin, blackin), blekkin, ASax. blacian, blacken, 
prompt, paro. 38; 39 i blakep (prea.) Skorek. 155; blecktd 
(part.) Wicl gloss. 9; blekit Mar. mir. pi. 183. 

bl^kien, j4S<i3T.bUcian, blaccan, 0/crf. bleikja, OHGerm. 
bleichen, bleach, blanch; blAkien (blokio) La^. 19799; bl4ken 
Rob. Br. 183, 18; hia browes to blAke Percev. 1056; his 
brees con {r. gon) blake aooic. Arth. 15, 15; blokne for 
bloken ? Skoreh. 4 ; bl6ik(eii) (b!6ken, blScben) clop prompt 
parv. 39; pann« gan bleiken here hU Wr. p. s. 341; 
wule k weob beoii mid one watere wel ibleched a. r. 324. 

bleikester bleacher, prompt, parv., Fr. blflmer, blaine, a. r. (54; Chauc. Boet. 2. 

b 1 a n c , Dan. Swed. blank, Olcel. blakkr, OHGerm. 
blaiicber, from blinken, while, blonc rel. ant. 1, 37. 

blouke, ASax. blanca, blonca, grey horse, W^. gloss.; 
Claw, gloss.; ant. Arth. 43, 2; lihted of eowre blaiikeu 
Xaj. 5862. 

blanden, ^ISaa;. Ooth. blaudan, Olcel. blaada, OHGerm. 
blantau, mix; blondep Shoreh. 73; blande (part.) Ilalliw. 
diet. 182; Gaw. gloss. 369. 

bl&ren, OZ)w(cA blaeren, MHGerm. hleraa, blare; blorin 
(bl4reu) rflere", prompt, parv. 40. 

blase, ASax. blaese, cmp. MHGerm. bias, blaze, Jlame, 
a. r. 254; vs. F. P. 11790; Chauc. T,-otl. 4853; enne 
blase of fflre La^. 2859; pei setten all on blase Gow. 
conf. am. 2, 244; blasen (^.) a. r. 254; blese (blase) 
prompt, parv. 39. 

blasen (blasin) blaze, ,Jlammarc", prompt, pare. 38; 
breunen and blaaen vis. P. P. 11830; vort (a flat) al pet 
bfis blasie {pres. subj.) vord a. r. 296, 

bUsen? ASax. blaesan? OHGerm. bUson (/are), Olcel. 
bUsa, blow? Chauc. h. of f 1802; deriv. blfis, blast. 

blast (blast?), ASaar. blaest (fiatus), OHGerm blfist, 
Olcel. bl4str, blast, ,fiatus", prompt, parv. 38; Wr. treat. 
136; Wr. spec. 106; Chauc. TroiL 2479; homes blast rel. 
ant. 1, 223; winds blast a. a. c. 14, 17; blaste (dot.) 
Brand. 19; compos, pouerblast. 

blasten (bliaten?), ASax. blaestan {flare), OHGerm. 
blestan (^plaudere), blast, blow; blaate Brand. 27; and took 

72 bl&ven 

his blacke trumpe faste, and gan to pttffeii and to blaste 
CAaitc. h. off. 1866; blasten (pret.) Alis. 5348; compos. 

bl&wen, AS<^. blAwan, OHGerm. blfi(h)en, blow, Alis. 
6630; blAwen, bl&uwen (blowe, bloue) La^. 4432; 7951; 
bl&we Iswmb. 393; bl&ue ant Arth. 26, 5; btoaweu a. r. 
210; blowe via. P. P. 18060; Chauc. C. t. 567; bragge or 
blowe (boast, bloater) lud. Cov. 183; blAwea (prea.) Mar. 
mir. ])l. 176; bosttis and bl&vus aooto. Arth. 23, 6; bleow 
{pret.) Alis. 185; bleou, bl€u £03. 808; 1762 ; bleu Brajirf. 
24;(bleu3) transact. 18, 25; (blew) iicfc. Glouc. 13, 24; vis. 
F. P. 3516; (blu) aoOK. Artk. 15, 6; (biw) Qaw. gloss. 
870; bleowen (bleuwen) Z-nj. 5107; bl4wen {or bleueni') 
$. a. c. li; „blaated", Wid. gloss. 9 ; h]&w&nd (^pres. 2><irt.) Iw. 
340; blowand Will, gloas. 216; blJluing Gaw. gloss. 369; 
blAwvin {pret. part.) apol. 24; blowen via. P. P. 2508; 
a. «. Wr. 2181; compos. abUwcn. 

bled, ASoic. bled, OflGerm. hlnot, fi-om hloven, sprout, 
blosDom, owl and night. 1040; bidden (pi.) Lot,. 28832. 

bidden (blfide), ASax. bUdan, from blod, bleed. Goto, 
conf. am. 1, 188; blfidde (pret.) a. r. %?,% ; uw. P. P. 13 1 66; 
his woundes bledden Alia. 5845; blMand (part.) Gaw. 
gloss. 369; compos, bibledeii. 

blfiin (bleine?), ASax. blegen (piutala), ODtUch bleiae, 
blain, „papula'^, prompt, pare. 39; Win „papula", Wr. 
voc. 206; blilin Mar. mir. pi. 104; bl4ine (dot.) Chauc. r. 
r. 563; bldines (pl^ Wicl. gloss. 9; pokkes and bleines 
Flor. 2024; Uastf porugh bUnis (bleines) might Alis. 

blemisben, OFr. blemir, blemish: al blemiscbid is 
pi bl^ Mar. mir. pi. 148; bleiuschid (blemished) „obfuscatws'', 
prompt, pare. 39; bleuscbin (/or blemiehi 11) „obfuscare'^, 

blench blench, turjt, trick, rel. songs !, 4; bleiik Bob. 
Br. 274, 26; blenches (pi.) owl and night 378. 

hiencben, ASax. blencan (decipere, fallere), Olctl. 
blekkja, frtym blanc, blench, glance, wince, tvrii aside: & vleib 
mei eilen )ie & mabien pf> to hlet;cbeii a. r. 276; ich am 
Iwar and c;in ivel blonclte owl "nd night 17"; panne shaltou 
blenche at a lieigh vis. P. P. 36ii6; bbnke Rob. Br. 115, 
18; pat eovie us i al blii ke (r. jr = penke)floHiw.did. 
189; bleinte (prtl.) La^- HeO; Chavc. C. 1. 1080; {Jooked") 

blenden 73 

WtV. gloss. 216; Triatrem bleint bl side Triat. 3, 44; 
blenyte /or blenste or bleinte? Rob. Olouc. 338, 14; com- 
pos, atblencheu. 

blenden, ASax. blendan, from *h\&ad (mixture), blend, 
mingle: pi blissed blod to blende Mar. mir. pi. 149; 
Hcndis (pres.) Oaw. gloss. 369; blende (pret.) ibid. 

blenden (bljnde), ASax. blendan, OHOerm. blenden, 
Ui7id, vis. F. P. 5870; Chavc. Trail. 3056; & blendep 
maiuies hoorte Orm. 4525; bleiide {pret.) Laj. 29361; 
blent Gow. conf. am. 2, 281 i compos. &-, for-, iblenden. 

bleo, ASax. bleo(li), OFris. bll? colour, complea:ion, 
Wr. trfot. 139; Wr. spec. 33; bleo, bio owl and night. 
441; 1545; blee Octao. 50; blee, bM Gav. gloss. 369; bl$ 
Wm. gloss. 216; Mar. mir. pi. 148; bright of blee (ble) 
Amad. Bcbs. 58, 9; Eglam. 33; blie Shoreh. 103. 

bier (bier?), Oerm. blerr? Or. wh. 2, 107. 
bier (bleer)-gye(l blear-eyed, „lippus", Wr. voc. 225; Wicl. 
gloss.; blereighed vis. P. P. 12016; bleried prompt, parv. 

bleren (Ugren?), blear; blere Rich. 3708; Chaur. C. 
t. 4047; Hardw. poem 41, 2; blered {pret.) vis. P. P. 
148; pus scho blerid hire lordis ^ie s. s. IVr. 2.952 ;blered 
{paH.) Chauc r. r. 3912. 

b 1 6 s , ASax. blaes {blast) ? Bosk, diction., MHGerm. 
bl4s (Jlatm) Ben. w6. 1, 201, blast, a. r. 82; blise (dat.) 
La^,. 27818. 

bleschin, ODiUch bleschen, extinguish, prompt, parv. 

blessien, ASax. bletsien, Olcel. bleasa. Mess, (blescien) 
a. r. 354; blessen Chauc. C. t. 3448; bliaae W id. gloss. 9; 
lud. Gov. 50; blesse {pres. imper.) Wr. an. lit. 7; blessede 
(pret.) Rob. Glouc. 338, 9 ; blesseden WHl. gloss. 2lQ\h\eiatd 
(part.) Orm. 4826; blessed Wr. spec. 83; compoa, ibleasien. 

bletsing blessing, Orm. 10661. 

blot, ^ISoa-. bleat, Olcd.Umir, Dutch hloot, MUG ei-m. 
blo^i Meat, bare; blete {pi.) owl and night. 616; we hah- 
bed . . . moni aenne gode wifmon jworht to bl^tere widewe 
L03. 23620. 

b I e t e n (bletin), ASax. blaetan, ODutch blaeten, OHQerm. 
bl&zan, bleat, „balare", prompt, parv. 39; blSte P. P. p. 
555: blaetep (pres.) Oj-m. 1315. 

bliant? OFr. bliaut Roquef. gloss.y MLaL blialdns du 
Cange's gloss., robe, mantle; blihand (blihaud?) Trist. 1, 
38; bleant (bleaut?) HaUiw. diet. 184. 


74 bllken 

bliken, ASax. Wican, OHQerm. Mlchan {shine): his 
lippes shulle blikeu {grow pale?) rel. ant, 1, 65; derCvat. 


blikien, Olcel. \>\\k}&., OHOerm. hlich^n, shine, glitter, 
La^. 273!i0; a. r. 3i)2i' liire bleo blikiep so briht Wr. 
spec. 52; bUkede {preL) Kath. 2396; blikkud Qaw. gloss 
369; blicaiide, blikkande {paH^ ibid. 

blind, ASax. OSax. blind, OHGerm. bUtider, Oleel. 
blindr, Ootk. blinds, blind, Bek. 1695; sura blind moii 
oml and night 1235; pe blinde man Gow. conj. am. 2,210. 

b li n d e n (blindin), A^ckt. blindiau, blind, prompt. parv. 
40; blinda s. s. Wr. 2994; cwnpoa. ablinden. 

blind nes, ASax. blindness, blindness, Chauc. Boet. 4. 

blink, Dan. Swed. blink, hlink, glance; blinkes {pi.) 
Chavc. test, of (Jres. 226. 

blink en? Dutch blinken, blenken {micare, aplendere), 
hlink, gleam: before pi isen hit blenkis llaUito. diet. 
185; derivat. blanc 

blinkien? Dan. blinke, Swed. blinka, blink, ahine, 
glance; Menke Gaw. gloss. 369; blenked {pret.) ibid.; 
quenne {when) pe balefulle birde blenked on bis blod 
ant AhIi. 42, 4. 

bliB, ASax. bliss, bllds, /rom Wide, bliss, Triat. 2, 95; 
Wr. spec. 60; Alis. 2638; blis, blisae owl and night 420; 
1278; blisse Lot,. 858; Kath. 1723; 0;w.719; JJek. SS9 ; 
{dot acc.) a. r. 192; {ace.) Goto. co^>f. am. 2, 145; blissene 
lljen. pi) Wr. an. lit. 96. 

blissful Uissfvl, a. r. 360; blisful Kath. 1879; Ckauc. C. 
t 17. 
blisfulnes Chauc. Boet 3, 

blissien, ASax. bliaaian, rejoice, La^. 19041; blissen 
Orm. 444; (bliscen) a. r. 360; blisse (j^res. swi;'.) owl and 
night. 478; pah je blissen ow prof Kath. 848. 

blissen 1" /or bliscben, bluscben or *blik8en, .WZ/Germ. 
bliczen {lighten)? glance f [le lioun breiuli on pfi,m blist 
{rim. w. wist) Jw. 3163. 

blister, ODutc^ bluister, blister, JIalliw. diet. 193; 
blistres {pi.) Chauc. fi. a. I. 408. 

blip (blip?), from bleo? emp. Gael. litU {colour, hue), 
look, appearance? loke pt nailis b^nclene in blithe i/n/itw. 
diet. 189. 

blide (blipe), ASax. blide, OSax. blidi, Olcel. blidr, 


bllpin 75 

Goth, bleips, ODtUch blide, OllOerm. blider, Uithe. merry, 
joyoua, gay, Kath. 1879; a. r. 348; Omt. 66H ; ^//s. 443; 
Ckauc. C. t. 848; Ga\c. gloss. 3t>9; bUpur {coni/>.) It. of 
T. 781. 

blldellche blithely, a. r. 68; ^rand. 5; blipellke Orm. 
935; blipeii Ii<^. Br. 163, 4; IMaehche {bl6|»e!icli(j) i" 
La^. 3304; blei)ehclie? BalUw. diet. 185; blelicheV 184. 

blip! I), OHGerm. blideii, rejoice, prompt, paw. 

blobur (blobir), hlobher, bitbUe, pron'pt. parv. 40; see 
blaber and blubber. 

blod, ASasr. OSax. OFris. bl6d, Goth, blop, Ulcel. 
blod, OHGerm. bliiot, fdood, Orm. 1770; Wr. treat. 13a; 
TTV. 8/.€c. 105; (blood) Wid. .John «; (bloid) Mar. mir. 
pi. lOa; bifid Iw. 2071; bloude (t^af.) Mar. mir. pi. 24. 
bl6dgute(-gote) bloodshed, La^ 630. 

blodi, .(16W. blodig, bloody, a. r. 112; ois. P. P. B95H. 

blok, OHGerm. blocb, ^or *bilok? seeGr. wb. 2, 13.^, 
block, prompt, pari}. 40; blokkes (pi.) Wr. s. a. c. ii6. 

blome, OSax. blomo, Goth, bloma, OHGerm. bluomo, 
' bloom, j.floi", prompt, parv. 40; Orm. 10773; Flor. tiBfi; 
Itsamb. 176. 

blomen bloom, Orm. 10769; blomiD prompt, paru. 

blostnie, ASox. blostma, ODutch Llosem, blossom, a. 

r. 192; Ovtm. 1928; oid and night. 437; rel. ant. 2, 8: 

bloanie II>. spec. 26; ChavJi. C. t. 3324; ^/cotm", prompt. 

'parv. 40; blossome erl of T. 330; blostmen (pi) a. r. 

276; blosinen Bi(s. anc. songs 31 ; blosmes »M. P. P. 10806. 

bloBineii (bloame), ASasr. blostmian, blossom, Wid. 
gloas. 9; blossemip (pres.) Chatic. C. t. 9336; blosmede 
ipret.) vis. P. P. 2751. 

blot (biotte?) blot, prompt parv. 41 ; Mar. mir. pi. 119; 
see plot 

bluttiu blvt, „obliterar<^'', prompt, parv. 

blou? connected with OHGerm. bliuwan, Goth, bligg- 
Tan? blow, ictus; blowes (pL) Wr. a. a. c. 72. 

bio wen (blowe), ASax. blovan, blow, fiorere, owl and 
night. 1131; Rob. Glouc. 352, 13; Mowed (pres.) a. r. 30; 
bletm (j>r£t.) Lai,. 2013; on blowe (partf) ris otvl and 
night. 1634; compos, iblowen. 

blowen? MHGerm. bliien (pret. bliiete), blow, fiorere; 
blfiude (pret.) La^. 2013*. 

blubber UubbcTy bubble, Ghaue. teat, of Cret. 192. 


76 blnbren 

blubren, LGerm. hlubhem (blt^tber) Brem. wb., btuhbef, 
hubUe ; blubred {pfet.) Qaw. gloat. 

blunder, connected with blanden? blunder, trouble, 
Qaw gloss. 369; blundur Flor. 1330; blonder Toron. 

blundren Uurtder; we blondren Chauc. C t 12598. 

blundering hebefatio, prompt, parv. 

blunt blunt, dull, nhebes", prompt, parv. 41; blunt & 
blind Orm. 16954. 

blur? blur f 80 mani pus broght i on blure {to disgrace ?) 
Town, my at. 310. 

blusch, ASax. biysige, biyse {fiammti, fax), 8u>ed. 
blysa {laiernn)1 cmp. Dutch blosje, bios (rubor) and Swed. 
bloss, Don. bills {fiamTna, fax), bhtah, ^look", Gaw. gloaa. 

blusch en, ASax. blysian {ardeacere, rubeacere), cmp. 
Dutch itiozen (rubeacere) and Swed. blossa, Dan. blusse 
(fiammare, ardere), blush, glare; bluBched (pret.) nloo/ced" 
Gaw. gloss. 370; blushed r^ Chauc. c I. 1199; bliachede 
Halliw. diet. 189; pe king blischit on pe berin wip his 
brode 6gbne ibid.; bluscbande (part.) „blusktng, glittering", 
Qaw. gloas. 

blustren bluster; blustreden (pret) via. P. P. 3531. 

bob (bobbe?), Olcel. hohhi (nodus) ? Haldors. lexic, bob, 
bunch: ftbobof cheris Mnr. 135; bobbes (pi.) HaUito. 
diet. 190. 

bobbe, Dan. bobbe, Swed. bobba, bob (a small insect) -. 
bobbs (pi) HMiw. diet. 190. 

bobben = buffen? bob, buff, beat; bobbi Halliw. dirt. 
190; bobbe „mock", Wid. gl^. 9; bobbed (p*'et.) s. a. 
Web. 2246; bobbiden rel. ant 2, 45; bobbid (part) lAdg. 
m.p. 261. 

bobet buffet, „c(Aaphua"^ prompt parv. 

bobetin buffet, prompt, pan. 

boc, ASax. OSax. boc (fagua, lAer), OFrii. Olcel 
bok, Goth, boka, OHOerm. buoh, book, (dot.) a. r. 170; 
Orm. 14240; Wr. spec. 41; peos boc a. r, 12; b6ke8(^en.) 
Orm. 8934; boke (dot) 8932; owl and night. 350; (booke) 
Chauc. C. t 4610; bfike Iio. 1947; baec (bokes) (nom. 
pi.) LaT,. 7263; bokes Orm. 5811; in owre bokes Kath. 
839; bSken (dat. pi.) La^. 6298. 
bocstaf letter, Orm. 4308; bocataTen (pi.) La^. 7637. 
boctreow beech-tree, Wr. voc. 91. 


bocare 77 

bilkmast beech-mast, Halliw. diet. 37. 

bficare, AScac. bocere, hook-man, La-T,. 32126. 

boche, OFr. boche, cmp. ODutch botse, boeUe, butse, 
botch, „gihbua'*, Wr. voc. 224; bohcfae, botcfae „ulcu3", 
prompt, parv. 42; boccbe Wid. gloM. 9; lAdg. m. p. 31; 
bocches Xpl.) vis. F. P. 14092; see boss. 

bochere, J^r.boQCher, 6K(cAer,pr»»ip(.jjaMi. 4l;». a.c. 19. 

bochi gtbboau$, HV. voc. 225. 

bocchin, cmp. ODutch boetsen, butsen, botch, patch, 
Wicl. glosH. 

hoA,ASax. OFrU. bod, OZcei. bod, OHGerm. hoi, from 
beoden, command., La~y 13407; bode? Orm. 5255; (he) 
sende heast &. bode Kath. 4c); bode? offer. Hick. 329»; 
Gaw. gloss. 370; {ace.) a. r. 400; bode? message, Trist. 
2, 88; Ckavc. u. j. 343; W'iU.. gloss. 216; prompt, parv. 
41 ; compos, for-, ibod. 

bodword command, message, mad. Web. 70; Hob. Br. i7; 
Mar. mir. pi. 173; bodeword Orm. 7. 

bode, ASax. boda, OSax. bodo, OHGerm. boto, mes- 
senger. Hick. 1369; Amis 1254; fioi. Br. 22, 8; boden 
{pL) L«3. 4695. 

bodieii, ASax. bodiaa, OFris. bodta, bode, announce, 
from bod, Lo;^. 23290; Kath. 1481; pu bodest {pres.) 
owl and night. 1150; bodeji Gow. conf. am. 1, 163; bodied 
a. r. 212. 

bodis, ASax. bodig, OHGerm. botah, body, Orm. 1565; 
bodi Laz. 4908; WV. ft-en(. 138; Percev. 1166; bodies 
(;)i.) XdiA. 1444. 
bodillch bodily, Mand. 281. 

-bodkiu? bodkin, dagger; bodekia (boidekin) prompt, 
parv. 42; Chauc C. t. 3958. 

boggelen boggle, foil; bogelid {part^ Halliw. diet. 9b^. 

boggisch, onp. baggf, tumidus, prompt, parv. 43. 
boggiscbli tumide, prompt, paro. ; bogeisllehe boastingly, 
WilL gloss. 

boj, A^ax. bog, boh, Olcel. bfigr, OHGerm. buog, 
bough, branch, bogh /w. 392; Triam. 410; b63, b6u3 
JTici. gloss. 9; bflus BmW. 9; bouh a. r. 160; TTr. p. 
I. 341 ; b6u s. s. Wr. 610; bose (dat.) owl and night. 15; 
boses {pi.) Gaw. gloss. 370; biishes Omi. 10002; bowes 
o. r. 30; WiU. gloss. 217 ; WicL gloss. 9 ; vis. P. P. SSiQ ; 
boes ant. .iJrlA. 3, 13. 


78 bfij 

boasum, bowaum? ASax. bocsum? ODutek booghsRem, 
obedierU, Oaw. glusa. 370; bowsom (bouaom?) Tw. 1155. 
b6u{„b6w")80mnes obedience, llalliw. diet. 202; bocsom- 
iiesse Itob. Olouc. 234, 5. 

boje, ASax. OFria. boga, OSax. OHOerm. bogo, Oleel. 
bogi, bow, {ace) Lai^. 6471; bowe 1453; a. r. 250; Chauc. 
C. t. 108; bowe (bouwe) „arch'*, Wicl. gloss, ft; bawe 
„bow", Gau: gloss. 367; compos, el-, rein-, satlelbo3e. 
bowedraught Mand. 240. 

bojen (bosen?), ODatcA boghen, boogheii {anmarif), 
bow, turn, go, b03e G aw. gloss. 370; bowe {rim. w. w6we) 
s. s. Wr. 2536; bo^eii (preL) Gaw. gloss. 370; bowide 
Wtcl. gloss. 9; bowetlen here h&ilna Mand. 235; beoweden 
(beoude) ioj. 22305; iboued? (part.) Wr. treat 13ft. 

bojien (bosien?), ASax. hogian? Of m. bogia, remotn, 
dwell; beogie Laj. 29233; bo^ede (pyet.) 5974. 

boileii. Fr. bouiilir, boil, Oow. conf. am. 2,265; boile, 
buile Wid. gloss. 

boist, OFr. boiate, box, Iv>. 1835; Mand. 85; bustes 
(boistes) {pi.) a. r. 226. 

boist, Dutch ■'pM.xsiB {pustida)? „tkreat", Oaw. gloss. 

boistous, rough, rude, Ohauc. C. t. Tyrwh. 1 7 1 60 ; 
Lidg. m. p. 91; buistous Wtcl. gloss. 9. 

boye, ODutoh boeve, MHGemi. buobe? see Gr. wb. 2, 
457, boy, knave, fdlow, servant, vis. P. P. 6962; boie s s. 
Weh. 960; Ilartah. met t 278; boi Wr. p. a. 199; bei or 
boi prompt parv. 29; bai Alis. 4376; boyes {pL) Bek.79. 

bokel, Fr. boucle Diet wb. 575, Germ, bucket Gr.wb. 
2, 485, buckle, Wr. voc. I50; bocul, bokil prompt, parv. 
41; bocle Wr. spec. 35. 

boken? boke; bokit {pret.) „vomited", Oaw. gloss. 

boken (boke), ASax. b6ciaii, book, Halliw. diet. 192. 

bokeram, MHGerm. buckeram, buckeran, OFr. bou- 
caran, buckram, prompt, parv. 

boltet bucket, Chauc. C. t 1535; rel. ant. I, 9. 

boi, ODutoh boi {caudfx, tmneas), OJcel. bolr {truncus), 
bole, trunk; bole { dot. f) Gaw. gloss. ; holes (^l.) Hatliw. diet 
bolax? Olcel. boliixi {sfcuris, dolabra), Haldors. lexic., 
OSwed. bolyxa {securis major) Ihre's gloss., a sort of axe; 
boleax rel. aro. 2, 176; boleaxes {pi.) Octoe. 1039 ; bulaxe 
Orm. 9281 ; see pollax. 


bold 79 

Jbulrische bulruah, prompt, parv. 244, 

bolwerk, ODutch bolwerk („bloekwerk-') Kil. diction., bidux^k, 

Lidg. m. p. 237. 

bold, ASax. OFrit. bold, home, KatA. 1864; liab. 
Qlouc. 116, 1 ; botdes {pi) Mnpes 343. 

b o 1 g e Ti y bolseii ? ASax. {ge-)bolgau {intumescere) '< bolu- 
wed (bolejed, bolhes), infiateaf a. r. 214; bolgit {bulged f) 
schipis rd. ant. 2, 24. 

bo Ik bdck, ructus, vis. P. P. 3267. 

bolkin, j4Satr. bealcian? helch, ^ructare^\ prcmipt. parv. 
43 J bolke „teil otti", Wicl. gloss. 9; bolkede {prH.) ibid. 

boile, ASax. boUa {vas), OFris. bolla (bulla). OIceL 
Lulli (catillus, vascuium), O Dutch bolle {globus, caput), 
0/IGcrm. polla {bulbus, foUiculua), (birni-)polla {brain- 
pan), from belleii, boll, bowl, catinum, labrum, poctdum, 
Wr. voc. 199; prompt, parv. 43; vis. P P. 3212; Chavr. 
C. t. 13138; Lidg. m. p. 52; bollen {pi.) La^. 19781; 
bollis Gaw. gloss. 370; boUus avou: Arth. 4G, 14; holl, 
bud, bulbus. foUiculus, HalUw. diet. 193; bollen {pi.) Wr. 
treat. 138; compos, flax-, [irotebolle. 

bolleii, Goth. bauljanV swell: blister bolliiige sore ou 
alle his folke lasse and more JJallitB. diet. 193; bollid 
{part.) Wicl. gloss. 

bollen, MHGerm. bollen {throw), stnite, strike; boiled 
{pret.) Halltw. diet. 193. 

boiling sicdling: for boUiuge of bir wombes vis.P.P. 

bolneii(bolniii),i)uM. bobie, ^wfrf. hainSi., swell, „tumere, 
turgere", prompt parv. 43 ; bolne Wicl. glosa. ; {pres.) 
Gaw. gloss.; al mi bodi bolnep vis. P. P. 2709; bolneden 
{pret.) Wicl. gloss.; wawes bolnede in pe flode Halliw. 
diet.; boliied {part.) ibid. 

bolninge swelling, „tumor", prompt, parv.; (ace.) 
Halliw. diet 

bolster, ASax. bolster, Olcel bolstr, OHGerm. bolstar, 
bolster; bolstar Wr. voc. 178; bolstir prompt, parv. 43; 
bolstre {dat.) rel. songs 5, 90. 

bolstciren. Germ, bolstern, polstern, 6oZ*(er; bolsterid 
{paH.) Lidg. m. p. 200. 

bolt (bolte?), ASax. Olhuch bolt, OHGe>-m. bolz. bolt, 
Wr. voc. 196; 278; prompt, parv. 43; Ckauc. C. L 3264; 
lud. C'ov. 136. 


80 bonde 

bonde, Adate. bonde, bond, serf, vUlaift, „serzms", 
prmnpt. pore. 43; WiU. gloat. 2L6; La'T^. J5291; Triat. 1, 
89; transact. IS, 24; pral and bonde Chauc. C. t. 7242; 
compos. h&Bbonde. 

bondeman bondman, owl and night, 1575; Bek. 552; tfis. 
P. P. 2869. 

bon. Oltd. b6n, boon, prayer, (boin) Mar. mi'r. pi. 
147; b6ne Will, gloss.; Oato. gloss.; a. r. 214; (boone) 
Chauc. V. t 2271; bone (dot.) LaT,. 14912; (ace.) Orm. 
7606: Katk. 611; Brand. 30; s. s. Wr. 546; Tor. 1578; 
aoow. ArQi. 13, 15; J/ac. wijr, pi. 1011 (l>ooue) Eyinm. 
101; bone (niwi. pi.) j4W. 72; bouen {dat. pi.) a. r. 142; 
(ace. pi.) 152; see bSne. 

boneu pray; bone (pres.) Orm. 5223 ; boned (part.) 694. 

boni, OFr. bugiie, tumour, bump, prompt, parv. 

bor, ASax. Olcel. bor, bote, terehra. Mar. mir. pi. 142, 

bord, ASax. OSax. OFris. bord, 0/cef.bord, OffGerm. 
bort, Go(A. baiird, board, tabula, {nom. ace.) Orm. 1096; 
Bek. 691; clipeua, La^. 9283; ora (dipei), Alis. 1270; 
ktiw (Tktnw) Ejfiom. 902; {dat.) Tor. 1197; borde (dot.) 
a. r. 324; ui's. F. P. 4332; bordes (pi.) Will, gloss.; bord, 
boord W'ici. gloss.; bord, burd Craw, yioas.; burd Amad. 
Hobs. 66, 7. 

borin, JiSaw. OHGerm. boriau, bore, prompt, paro.ii; 
bore (pres.) Wr. voc. 94; borieo {prea. sjibj.) Kath. 1949. 

bor3, ASax. borg, borh, Germ, borg, from bersen, 
borrow, security, bail; borb La^. 11913; borgh vis. P. P. 
2259; borgbe Mar. mir. pi. 158i [lorj bor;^ and ^emer 
3eld Skorek. 113; borwgb Itich. 3259; borgb, boi'ghe, 
borwe, borowe „vas", prompt. pari>. 44; 45; borugh vis. 
P. P. 13952; borow rel. ant. 1, 9; borowe (r. w. morwe) 
Alia. 6996; borwe {dat.) vis. P. P. 9301; bave h^r mi 
faii) to borwe Chauc. C. t. 11546; borwes (pZ.) vs. P. P. 
613; Amis. 899; borewes Bek. 585. 

borjen, ASax. borgian (fidejubere, mvtvari), OFris. 
borgia, burgia, OHQerm.hor^en {ravere), 01cel.boTga.{celare), 
hori-ow, protect, bail; bursen (horse) L03. 212C1; borwin 
^mutuari, vadari'*, prompt, parv. 45; borwe Mis. 1243; 
Chauc. C t. 4525; to borewen us alle he wes ibore Wr. 
spec. 25; borewe bem out of bere baude Hai-tsh. met. t. 
14; borowe rd. ant. 1, 9; us alle from bale to borowe 
Mar. mir. pi. 149; buruwen from pea deofies botte a. r. 


566; borwe {pres. mbj.) vis.- P. P. 2300; borwid (part) 
Hoed. 1, 369. 

bos, A8ax. bos? Olcel. bis, Qerm. banse Gr. wb. 1, 
1119, cmp. Goth, bansta Diefenb. wb. 1, 274, booae, stable; 
boos (bose) „bucetum", prompt, parv. 41; bose „bo»tar'^ 
{bovUe), Wr. voe. 235. 

b 6 s e m , ASax. bosum, bosm, OSax. OFria. bosm, 
OHQerm. buosum, bosom, Orm. 19391; boeum a. r. 146; 
bosom Chauc. C. t. 7575; boseme {dat.') a. r. 146. 

bosse, ODvtck bosse, busse, OFr. bosse, boce, boss, 
Chauc. C, t. 3266; hoce prompt, parv.; boces (pi.) Wid. 
gloss.; see boche. 

boat, Welsh bflst Owen's diction., Gad. bosd Mad. & 
Dew. diction., boast, Rob. Olouc. 209, 20; Wr. spec. 94; 
Degrev. 231; penne said Percivel on boat Perdv. 793; 
boost n<dae, via. P. P. 9397. 

bo ate n, Welsh bostiaw, Gael. b6ad, boast, via. P. P. 
1043 ; boste & blowe transact. 18, 25; bostep {pres.) Chauc 
C. t. 7254; bostus avow. AhL 23, 6. 
boster boaster, dep. of R. 11, 1. 
bot, Dutch hot {obtustis, rudis)? 
botforke Wr. spec. 110. 

bot, ASax. Olcel. bot, OSax. Ootk. bSta, OFris. bote, 
OHQerm. buoza, from *baten, boot, amend, reparation, re- 
medy, help. Will, gloss. 217 ; Mapes 336; bote iaj. 21926 ; 
ant Arth. 16, 9; shal ben ur bote transact. 18, 25; pat 
ia b6te of alle bale Amad. Rods. 17, 10; til ure s4wle 
bote 0}-m. 2692; b6t« {ace.) Rob. Glouc. 448, 19; Rich. 
3086; don bote a. r. 88; boote Mar. mir. pi. 24; {aec.) 
Chauc. C. t. 426; to boote (dat.) to boot, vis. P. P. 9439; 
bote, btte Gaw. gloss. 370; bute Min. 1. 

bote, Provenc. beta, boot, „ocrea^, Wr. voc. 197; botes 
(pi.) Mand. 250. 

bo tin. Steed, bota, boot, amend, give more, prompt 
paiv. 45; bote Amis 2340; he was botid of mekile care 
Eglam. 188; see beten. 

botel, aSox. botl, OSax. bodl? Lottie, house; botle 
(dai.) 0/T». 2788. 

botel, OFr. bottel, cm;). OIIGerm. bozo (fasciculus), 
bottle, bundle: & botel bei CAomc. G t. Tyr. 16963. 
botel, ifLai. botellus? boUle, lagma, lud. Cov. 138. 
botelere butZer, WV.doc.257,- boteler, botle r, WicLgloss. 


83 bStoen 

httnen, from bdt, amend, repair, cure; bdtned (pres.) 
Katk. 2523; botnede {pret.) ckron. of Engl 768; botned 
{part.) WiU. gloss.; bootiied vis. F. P. 4181. 

botenere carer. Wart. hist. 2, 109. 

boteniBg, Swed. botning, cure, HaUiw. diet. 

boton, OFr. boton, button, Wr. voc. 238. 

bdpe, MHQerm. buode, hooih, prompt, paro. 46; (dat.) 
Cow. conj. am. 3, 281; {ace.) Orm. 15817; Hardw. poem 
45, 11; bopes {pi) Alia. 3457. 

bopem, ASax. botra. OSax. bodom, OHOerm' ODutch 
bodem, Oleel botn, hollom, Wr. vnc. 159; Gate, gloss. 
370; bo|mm s. s. Wr. 809; botme {dot.) Mand, 52; Gow. 
con/ am. 1, 108; CAawc. C. (. 13249; & botme (r. botem) 
of prMe prompt, parv. 45. 

bouelle. Of/-, bouelle, iowrf, „viscug", Wr. voc 247; 
bouele Gow. conf. am. 2, 265. 

bought, Dutch bogt. Germ, bucht, from bii^en, bought, 
jUxura, ainwa, Tor. 558; of peose bought was heore croune 
Ali». 4712; see bijt. 

bouken, '9Z)u(cA buiken, LG-rm. biiken, Swed. bjka, 
HGerm. bauchen, baucheu, 6wc/i:, lixivio incoquere, vis- 
P. P. 8939; bouke rel ant. 1, 108. 

bounde, ASax. buada, bondman, a. a. Web. 582; hus- 
band (T), I/alliiB. diet. 

bounde, OFr. honde, honne Koquef. gloss., MLot. bunda, 
bonna du Cange's gloss., bound, limes, terminus, (ace.) Oou). 
conf. aw. 3, 92; boundes (pi.) Chauc. C. t. 7922; bouns 
HaUiw. nag. poet. 6; bunnen {dat. pi) La'T,. 1313, 

bounen, Dan. bugue (bend), from blljen, go; bouae 
(imperat.) Gaw. gloss. 370; to bed bouDus he avow. Ardi. 10, 
13; bouiiit {pret.) Oaic. gloss.; bounut avow. Arth. 50, 13. 

bourd, OFr. behourd {just, tournament), MiJGerm. 
buhurt Ben. wb. 1, 735, ODutch boerde {joke), OFris. bord, 
tournament; bourdes {^i.) WiU, gloss.; bori\i& llalliw. diet.; 
joke, jest, WiU. gloss.; Chauc. C. t. Tyr. 17030; bourde 
Gaw. gloss.; Town. myst. 107. 

bourden, OFr. bourder, behourder {jtiM, play, joke), 
joke; bourde {pres) Chauc. C. t. 14193; bourded (/wrt.) 
Gaw. gloss.; bourdinge {part) vis. P. P. 9677. 

bowere bowyer, Wr. voc. 195; bowyere prompt, parv. 

box, ASax. box, OUQerm. buhsa, Gr. it'iSi?. box. Hob. 
Olouo. 456, 7; Chauc. C. t. 14284. 


box • 83 

box, ASax. box, Lot. buxus, Or. toj£o?, hox. 
boxtree Chauc. G. t. 1304. 

box hox, fUtga, „alapa", promjit. paro. i6 ; Chauc. I. 
g. w. 1384. 

brae, ASax. (ge-)braec, brec, Olcel. brak, OROerm. ■ 
(ge-)bre]i, noise, (ace.) Ortn. 1178. 

bracbe, OHGerm. bracho, scenting hound, rel. ant. 1, 
151; bracbes (pi.) Oaw. gloss. 

brad, OHOenti. prat, prart (<wa)? hrad, „aculeu8", 
Wr. voc. 234; see brod. 
brade(brad?)ful brimful, La^. 32224. 

brftd, ASax. brid, OSax. OFria. br§d, Ooih. braids, 
Olcel. breidr, OHGerm. breiter, broad, Orm. 3431; Iio. 
163; a. a. Web. 2784; Perce». 269; aoow. Arlh. 3, 15; 
brM, braed (brod) Laj. 14219; 15898; brod a. r. 102; 
Tor. 1252; (brood) Chauc. C. t. i55; a brood abroad, 
Mand, 45 ; iiw. P. P. 903 1 ; pat blod stod al a brod 
Jtob. Glove. 261, 19 ; her witiges b6|)e a brod she * 
spradde Qow. conf. am. 2, 105; and held Mr lappe 
a brod Chauc. C. t. 10756; bradder, brodder (comparat.) 
Wicl. gloss. 

brodarwe catapulta, prompt, parv. 53. 
broodaxe dolabra, ibid. 

broden, ASax. brMian, Goth, braidjaii, Olcel. breida, 
OHOerm. breiten, spread, dep. of li. 13, 2; see bredeu. 

brag, OFr. brague, Olcel. brag (fragor)? brag, Degrev. 
231; brai? noise, Alii. 2175. 

brag, hrag, proud, in.iolent, „bold'^. Will, gloss. 217; 
jiat raake[i us so brag and bolde Wr. apee. 24; wordes 
bragge Shoreh. 110; hi shouhle nought beren hem so 
brag cr. P. P. 1407; brai? „bold", Gaw. gloss. 371. 

bragat (braket), Welsh bragawd {a liquor made of 
woi-t of ale and mead fermented together') Owens diction., 
Irish bracat (malt liguor) O'Reillys diction., from brag, 
braich (malt), braggtt, Chauc. C. t. 3261. 

bra gen, OFr. braguer, Welsh bragiaw. {brag, boast, 
swell out), Irish bragaim (boaat), brag: lie b6ste|) and 
braggep vis. P. P. 8595; braggip „bra;/s", Wicl. gloss. 9; 
braging ^^joaating^, Gaw. gloss. 371. 
braggere bragger, vis. P. P. 4104. 
braid, AS.xx. braegd, bregd, Olcel. bragd, /rom brei- 
den, braid, turn, throw, start, blots, trick, Qow. conf. am. 


S4 braiden 

2, 21; Chauc. I. g. w. 1164; Tor. 1611; echo braid hit 
a doun at 6a braid s. s. Wr. 483 ; pat was & p6ves braid 
Roh. Br. 164, 3; he abod moni k bitter braid transact 
18, 24; brad {r. w. said) Mar. 153; breid Rob. 
Qlovc. 22, 15; fyom. 1834; he went to pe uscher in 6 
breide (in a trice) 01. 448; ivele breides rel. ant. 1,218; 
compos, upbraeid. 

braiden? braid; braide (/or braidde or braid?) (pret.) 
^started, threw", Will, gloss.; braide, braiden „(wrne(/, 
dreuj, threw, started", Gaw. gloss.; out of sISpe sche braide 
(r. w. saide) Chauc. C. t. 4283; on swouning doune sche 
braide -Ey^awi. 1155; braidit Gaw. gloss.; braidet ant.Arth. 
10, 5; and braided Mm doune Alis. 5856; braided out 
of paire bedde Tsumb. 104. 

brain, ASa.r. braegen, ODvtch bregen, OFria. brein, 
brain, Wr. treat. 138; brain (brajen) La-y 1468. 
brainpanne Mand..2Zi. 

b r a y e n , OFr. braire, bray, cry, Gaw. gloss. ; see brageii. 

brake brake, fern, Wr. voc. 156; prompt, parv. 47; 
lud. Gov. 22; brakin \pl.?) Wr. voc. 191; 226. 

brake (brake?), 0^«(cA braeke {lupatum, frangibula)? 
Swed. brSke (fi-angibula, frangibulum)? from breken, 
brake, „rupa, vibra"^, Wr. voc. 217; 276; ^rastetlvm", 
prompt, parv. 47 *. 

brakin (brikin?), ODiUck liraeken, break, vomit, prompt, 
parv. 47. 

brime, ODutch braeme, OHGerm. br4ma, tribtUtta, 
Vfpres, Wr. voc. 192. 

brand, ASax. OFris. brand, brond, Olcel. brandr, 
OHGerm. brant, brand; brandes ipl) Percev. 774; brond 
Chauc. C. t. 2340; brondes (pi.) a. r. 368; Gaw. gloss.; 
brand sword, avow.AHh. 14, 6; Mar. mir. pi. 137; brond 
Kath. 2395; brandes, brondes Gaw. gloss. 
brandnpe, ASax. brandrEda? Off Germ, brandreita ? tripuf, 
Wr. voc. 232. 

branden, ODutch branden, brand; brondin „cawte- 

tare", prompt. 

brank, ODutch prange (postomis, numella), an tnstrv- 
ment formerly used for punishing scolds, Halliw. diet. 

branken, Goth, praggan, ODutch prangen {^premere, 
wgere, arctare), brank, press f brankand (part) Halliw, 


brant, ASax. brant, Olcel. brattr, hrafU, steep, Halliw. dicL 

bras, ASax. braes, Olcel. bras (ferrumen) ? hraaa, 
Orm. 17417; Wr. treat. 136; prompt, parv. 47; brea Wr. 
voc. 94; a. r. 2X6. 

brase, ODutch brase, OSiced. brasa, [8pan.Port. brasa, 
Fr. braise, Ital. bracia, bragia], glowing cotda, (brasse) 
Gato. gloBB. 371 ; oMt Artk. 15, 6. 

bragen (braain), ASax. braesen, hrazm, ^aereua", 
prompt, pari}. 47; Alia. 5585; pat brasene neddre Orm. 

brastlien, ASax. brastliao, from *brast, MBGerm. 
brast (crgMiiu), hra»Ae, crack. Lot,. 28551; sceldes brast- 
ledea 27463. 

bratt, ASax. bratt (^palHani) I/ye'a diction., hrat, gown? 
Chauc C. t Tyr. 16349. 

br&p, Olcel. br4dr, hasty, violent, fierce, Orm. 7164; 
brope Craw, gloas. 

bripli hastily, violently, Halliw. did. 207; brflptiche Mape$ 
343; bropeli Percev. 2123; Roh. Br. 16fi, 12. 

bripe? violence, fierceness; brappe {ace.) Orm. 4719. 
br&peful violent: bropefuUe wordes Rob. Br. 55, 28. 

braun, OFr. braon (swro), LOerm. br&e pi. br&en 
(mra), ODutck braede (jmlpa, »Kra), OHGerm. tr&to ace 
br&tun (pfella), brawn, „l.zcertua, pvlpa'*, prompt, parv. 48; 
neiper bacon ne braun via. P. P. 82 19; ful big he was 
of braun and eek of boones Chauc. C. t. 548; braunea 
(pi.) „3inew»'', Wicl. gloas.; his braunes bard and stronge 
Chauc. C. L 2137. 

brawlin, ODvtdi brabbelen {rixari)^ hra^d, „jurgare^, 
prompt, pan. 48. 

braulinge brawling, vis. P. P. 10100, 

bread, ASax. bread, Olcel. brand, OFris. br4d, braed, 
OSax. brod, OHGerm. brot, bread, a. r. 412; SAorcA. 30; 
braed Orm. 1939; breed ttV. spec. 104; Wicl. John 6; 
brfid rel. s<mga 7, 42; Brand. 6; Mand. 18. 

breche, ASax. breca, OHGerm. brecho, breaker; com- 
pos, fiwbreche. 

breche, .4 Saa;. (ge-)brece, brice, OFrCs. breke, OHGerm. 
(ge-)breche, breach, fracture, rupture, Alis, 2168; Gow. 
conf. am. 2, 138; {for bruche?) Skoreh. 133. 

brfiche, OHGerm. brfl,cha, fallow feldf {dat.) owl and 
night. 14. 

:, Google 

86 bred 

bred, ASax. bred, ODutch bred, berd, OHOerm. bret, 
hred, hoard, prompt, parv. 48; nailid on & bred of trS 
rd. ant. 1, 63; see brerd; compos, taevelbred. 
brudchCse prmnpl. parv. 

hvitiijor bre(l?)fiil brhnful, Cliuuc. C. t. 689; Ilardu: 
poem 41, 8. 

brSd? brede? ASax. braed, OTcel. brSJ, OHOerm. 
prAt, /es/f, meat; brede {ace.} La^. 30583; owl and nighl. 
1628; Wr. spec. 27; avow. Arth. 31, 15; brMea {pi.') 
Alts. 5249. 
br§deiren gridiron, Halliw. diet. 208. 

brfide, ASax. braedo, OFria. brfide, Qoth. braidei. 
OIlGerm. breiti, brede, breadth, „taiitudo^, prompt, pare. 49 ; 
Gow. conf. am. 2, 38^^; Maiid. 117; nnt. AHh. 45, 13; 
brede, breede Wicl. gloss, 9 ; |)e knight liggea per on brede 
Percev. 797,; al aboute on brSde pei spredde Hick. 4134; 
pine armes shalt pou sprede a brede (abroad) Chauc. r. 
r. 2563; breede C. t. 1972; in breede and leng[)e Lidg. 
m. p. 98; breade a. r. 102. 

breden, ASax. bredan, OFris.hvUn, throw, a. r. 222; 
his berd jierwij) was bro|ien (? r. w. sopen = aoden) 
Soh. Br. SI. 3, 397; see breidra. 

br§den, ASax. braedan, sprtad, ecrtend, La^. 14283; 
bredin prompt, parv. 49 ; breade|> {pres.) Mar. mir. pi. 11; 
bredde (pret) ? Will, gloss. ; braddQ Gate. gloss.; see hr&ien; 
compos. abrSden. 

breden, ASax. braedan, OHGerm. br&ten, roast, £03. 
25986; brgde rel. songs 5, 200; Hich.li93; brMe {pari.) 

breden? roast; brad {pret.) Gah. gloss. 370; bredden 
Halliw. diet. 208; bradden La^. 20978. 

brfiden (bredin), ASax. bredan, OHGerm. bruotan, 
from brod, breed, prompt, parv. 49; brede Wr. spec. 101; 
brdded (pres.) a. r. 222; br^dep Rob. Glouc. 177, 2; wis. 
P. P. 7271; bredde {pret.) owl and nigfit. 101; bredden 
vis. p. p. 7287; bredd {part.) Wicl. gloss. 

brgf, OFr. bref, brief, OHGerm. brief, brief, letter. 
s. s. Wr. 3213; Bob. Br. 155, 12. 

breidon (breide), ASax. OSax. bregdan, OffeLhregia, 
brigJa, braid, wreath, turn, thi-oiv, pull, Wicl. gloss. H; 
breiden 4ne crflne a. r. 124; jl gret ok he wolde breide 
a douD as it a smal 3erde w^re Bob. Glouc. 22, 7; pei 

brek 87 

taughten him ilace to braide Goio. c&nf. am. 3, 237; breide 
(pres.) „necto, torqueo'*, prompt, parv. 49; breid {pret.) 
a. r. 280; breid (drew) he ... 4 sweord LaT,. 1548; pe 
king hine breid (feignedf) saec 6667; braid „atarted^. 
Win. gloss. 217; he braid (threw) him doune iw. 3248; 
he braid aur to pe kinge avow. Arth. 43, 9; broiden 
{pait.) owl and nu/ht. 645; wip blis and bote broiden 
Malliio. diet. 213; broidiu „laqueatits", prompt, paro. 53; 
braiden variegated, coloured^ ^emhroidered" f Gam. gloss.; 
braudeD „woven", ibid.; compos, a-, at-, for-, i-, to-, um-, 
up-, Atbreidmi; deriv. braid. 

brek, ASax. (ge-;)brec, break, fraeiure. Mix. 2168*; 
(nbreke" ?) prompt parv. 49 ; (Hbrike" ?) Chmtc. C. t. Tyr. 
14620; see breche. 

brekil, brickie, hritde, prompt, parv. 177; Afar. mir. 
pi. 112. 

brekeu, ASax. OSax. brecan, O^ris. breka, Goth. 
brikau, OHGerm. biechaii, break, a. r. 2i2 ; Mand. 228 ; 
brekin „frangere, rumpere", prompt, parv. 49 ; breke Wicl. 
gloss.; breake „cut up". Gate, gloss.; brekep (pres.) Wr. 
treat. 136; brae (pret^) La%. 1558; Orm. 15; brak vis. 
P. P. 12721; Chauc C. t. 1470; Jio. 3778; Wid. gloss.; 
Bob. Glouc. 126, 12; brek 22, 16; Gate, gloss.; br&ke 
ibid.; Isamb. 652; broken, breeken Wicl. gloss.; breken 
1^13. 27506; Alia. 5891; s. s. Wr. 1218; broken {part) 
Chauc. Trail. 7574; brokin Octav. 944; compos, a-, aa-, 
at-, i-, to-, up-, utbreken; deriv. brake, breche, brucbe. 

br4mbil, ASax. br€mbel, bramble, Wid. gloss.; brem- 
mil, brirabil prompt, parv. 

br^mber, ASax. brfimber, bramble, Chauc. C. t 15158. 
breme, OHGerm. bremo (tabanus, oestrus), from 
•bremen, OHGervt. breman {fremere), breeze? rel. ant. 
1, 81. 

breme (brerae?), ASax. breme EUm. lex. 321, breme 
Grein's gloss., broeme liout. ev. gloss., bream, loud, keen, 
fierce, Orm. 7197; WHl. gloss. 217; Oaw. gloss. 371; 
Town. myst. 197 ; pat brid so breme in boure Wr. spec. 
52; her br^me (breme?) blastis dep. of R. 27, 4 [bremme 
wordes 11, 1 = brimmer']; pu art wel modi and wel 
breme {r. w. teme) orol and night. 500; breme and bold 
k. of T. 835; a brlme bai-e Amad. Web. 171; br^me as 
& b&re Degrev. 1240; brfime wittes vis. P. P. 7878; when 


86 litHaie 

briddes singep breme (r. w. dSme) loudly, Wr. spec. 44 ; 
foughteu breeme fiercely, Chauc. 0. t 1701. 
bremeli, br^mli loudly, keenly, fiercely, WUl. gloss.; Gato. 
gloss. ; bricldes ful brfimeli on pe bowes singe Hartsk. met. t.257. 

br^me, OFr. bresme, OH Germ, brabsema, bream, Wr. 
voc. 253; prompt, parv. 49; Chauc. C. t. 352. 

bren, OFr. bren, Bret brenn, Welsh Irish bran, bran, 
„ furfur", prompt, parv. 49; Chauc. C. t. 4051; vis. P. I'. 
4160; bran Wr. voc. 201. 

brennen, ASax. brennan, beman (urere, cremare), 
OHGerm. OSax. brennan, Olcel. brenna, ODutch bernen, 
Goth, brannjan, bum, urere, uri, vis. P. P. 11830; Chauc. 
C. t. 4531; brennin „cremare, ardere", prompt, parv. 49; 
brenne Will, gloss.; Gaw. gloss.; Wicl. gloss.; Alts. 5935; 
Mand. 48; Min. 23; Rob. Br. 44, 18; brenne (pres.) ant. 
Arth. 15, 6; bernen (= ASax. beornan?) a. r. 306; ov>l 
and night. 1201; berne Boh. Glouc. 81, 15; Wr. treat. 
136; baemen Orm. 1529; brende {preL) 1702; G<m. 
cmf. am. 2, 164; via. P. P. 12021; Oaw. gloas.; Wid. 
gloss.; brenden Ohawc. 0. t. 2427; Rich. 6057; bernde 
Kath. 1665*; a. r. 242; bamde ^03. 30459; Rob. Glouc. 
300, 6; bearninde {pres. part) Kath. 1362; brend (pret. 
part.) Orm. 1000; brend {burnished) gold Chauc. C^ t. 
2164; Rick. 3349; brend, brent Will, gloss.; brent HoccL 
1, 390; Gor/ipos. for-, upbrennen. 

br e OS e n bruise f compos, tobreosen ? deriv.hrfsen, brosen ? 

breost, ASax. breoat, OSax. Olcel. brios^ OFris. 
briast, breast, Alis. 621 ; breest ^pectus", prompt, parv. 49 ; 
brest Orm. 4774; brist lud. Coo. 14; breoste {dot) La^. 
15831; a. r. 230; broste gr. 20; breeste Mand. 92. 

breoden, ASax. breodan, perish, La^. 5807; breoded 
(brepip) 5196. 

br^r? ASax. brSr (tnbulus), brier; brSre? „trihulus, 
vepris", prompt, parv. 49; „^glantier", Wr. voc 163; 
„tribvlus", 181; 229; s. a. c. 8; Mar. mir. pi. Ill; brSre 
{dal.) Min. 31; breres {pi.) a. r. 276; Onn. 9212; WilL 
gloss. 217; Mand. 115; Chauc. C. t. 1534; & burpen of 
brSre Wr. spec. 110. 

brerd, ASax. brerd, breard, OHGerm. prart, brim, 
brink, Or»K. 14040; Gaw. gloss.; Wid. gloss.; brerde {dat.) 
a. r, 324; breorde L«3. 23322; see berd and bred, 
brerdful brimful, Orm. 14529. 


brese, ASax. briosa, breeze, ^oeatram", Wr. voc. 255; 
„asibcs"f prompt ptirv. 49. 

b r e s t (breste i"), ASax. berst (?); ODnteh berste {defe^ua) 
Maerl. rh. gloss., MHOerm. brest, breste {vkium) Ben. leb. 
1, 256, Olcel. brestr (defectus) Egilas. lex., lack, want, 
prompt, parv. 49 ; breste {ace.) damage, harm, Holliw. 
diet. 209; berst 167. 

bresten, ^ISocc. berstan, OFria. bersta, ODvtch hersten, 
OSasc, brestan, OUGerm. brestan, prestan, Olcel. bresta, 
burst, bntst, Katk. 2028; brestin prompt, parv. 50; breste 
Mar. mir. pi. 1^2; breste, berste IVicl. gloss.; briste Qaw. 
gloss.; brusten? Will, gloss.; bersten La^. 27683; a. »-. 80; 
berste Horn 662 ; bursteD Kath. 2028*; breste {pres. subj.) 
Chauc. C. t. Tyr. 11071; brast (p-et) vis. P. P. 4153; 
Ckauc. C. t. 2612; Tor. 687; Degree. 1622; barst ^03. 
1467; Hide. thes. 1, 228! Alts. 626; brusten Gaw. gloss.; 
brosten Octov. 1088; brosten, brasten, barsten Wicl. gloss. ; 
bursten Eick. 2892: borsten k. ofT. 104ft; brosten (part.) 
Ckauc. C. t 3827; prompt, parv.- 53 i brosten, borstun 
Wicl. gloss.; compos, an-, at-, to-, atbresten. 

bred, ASax. braed, cmp. OHGerm. br&dam, breath, 
vapour, fervour, a. r. 106; br€p owl and night. 946; 1452; 
Wr. treat. 136; „raqe, anger", Gaw. gloss.; breep Ckauc. 
C. t. 5; vis. P. P. 12721; brSfe {dat.) Lidg. m. p. 62. 

brfipen (brfipin) breathe, exhale, evaporate, ^spirare", 
prompt, parv. 50;* br^pi Wr. treat. 136; brepep {pres.) 
Wicl. John 3. 

br6w (breu?) brew. 
br^wam, ASax. breavaem, brewkouse, Wr. voc 178. 
brfewhous, MHGerm. briubas, Wr. voc. 204; Ckaac. C. t. 

brew (br^we?), ASax. breav, OFris. brfi, Olcel. brk, 
OHGerm. br&(?), brawa, ODutck brauwe {ora, ftUium), 
bree, brow; br^^e Wr. spec. 34; brie „cilium*', Wr. voc. 
163; br4 brink. Gate, gloss. 370; bro id., Bob. Br. 187, 9; id., Hallim. diet. 207; br^ye (dot.) rel. songs 5, 
238; brlwis {pi.) Wid. gloss. 10; brees avoie. Artk. 15, 
15; breowen £03. 18374; compos. S^ebrew; see bruwe. 

br4we, ODutck bruwe, brfie, broeije, Jf/TGertn. briieje ? 
broth, sauce, „brodtum", Wr. voc. 241; compos, fischbroue? 

br^wen (brewe), ASax. breovan, MHGerm. briuwen^ 
ODutck brouwen, brew, s. s. Wr. 1490; brdwin, brlUii, 


M brAwen 

brotun (browin) ^pamf/oxon'"', prompt, parv. 54; brfiw 
(prel.) Wi: p. a. 69; cia. P. P. 2910; Gam. gto»a ; bro- 
wen {part.) Itich. 4365; ibrowen Hardw. poem 29, 6; 
ibtowe a. i. Web. 14'J4. 

br^weD, Olcel. brugga, hreu>; brewid (part.) fior. 687. 

brfiwere bretcer, prompt paro. 54; wis. P. P. 13755; 
biTieres ipl-) rel. songs 7, 35; hrasrs HaUiic. nug. poet. 9. 

brewes, OFr. broites, brewis, broth, (brewis) Ha'.liio. 
diet. 210; brues ^adipatmit", Wi: ooc. 26ti ; brouis (browis) 
td. ibid. 199; (browes) id., prompt paro. 53; aud soupid 
of pe brouwis a sope Rich. 3077. 

brewestere brewster, (female) brea>er, vis. P. P. 3087; 
brouatere Ivd. Gov. 133; broustar prompt, paro. 54. 

brewet, OFr. brouet, ODutck bruwet, OFris. brout 
(feretc, brewing) f bi-otk, Wr. diet, 255; br4et ibid.; brouet 
(browet) prompt, parv. 54; dtp. of B. 10, 3. 

bri, A8ax. briv? ODutck brii, OHGerm. bri, „puls^, 
Wr. voc. 93. 

bribe, Fr. bribe {morsel), bribe, C/iauc. C. t. 6960. 

bribeu (bribe), OFr. bnber. Span, brtbar, fdch, steal, 
nVianticulari''', prompt, pare. 50; Ckauc G. t. 4415. 

brid, ASaa:. bridd, (young) bird, a. r. 102; owl and 
night. 124; Mand. 48; s. s. Wr. 3035; Wid. gloss.; berd 
GoiO. conf. am. 1, 45; lui. Coo. 44; briddes (pi.) pulloa, 
a. r. 118; T?olucres, 128; A;o(A. 64; uw. -f. P. 7681; 
Ckauc. G. t. 2931; IK(/(. j/ioss.; Gate, gloss.; ant. Arth. 
27, 4; birdus Tor. 2044. 

bridel (bridel?), ASax. I.ridel, OHGerm. britel, prit- 
til, cm/1. ODutck breidel, bridle, a. r. 74; Skoteh. G; Ckauc. 
C. t. 906; bridil fii'cA. 5817. 

bridlen (bridlen?), ASax. bndelia.n, bridle; pei bridleii 
(pres.) Gow. conf. am. 1, lIOl bridled (part.) Orm. 11604 ; 
brideled Mand. 253; ibridled Chauc. I. g. w. 1112. 

briht, ASax. breht Hout. p.b. glosa, baorht, OSax. 
berbt, OllOei-m. beraliter, Ofcel. biartr, brigkt, Orm. 
3431; Wr. spec. iJ5; k. of T. 240; lud. Gov. 21; brijt 
Degrev. 1483; briyt 7/icA. (Aes. 1, 231; britli (briht'O 
Mar. mir. pi. 42; bri3th (brisht?) Degree. 1545; britt 
Hick. thes. 1, 228; brist (brit?) rel. ant. 1, 48; brihte 
brightly, chron. of Engl. 770; brijte Brand. 2i brihture 
(comj).) a, r. 38. 
brihtllche brightly, a. r. 154; brihtloker (com;*.) 96. 

brihteD 91 

brihten, ASax. brihtan, beorhtan, brighten, a. r. 148; 
til on morweii pe dai bright s. s. Wr. 1997. 

brightnesse. -JiSnic. bryhtiiess, beorhtness, brifflitnets, 
(dal.) Mand. 260. 

b r i k , Fr. brique, ODutch bricke {later), LGenu. bricke 
(taheila, discus), brick, wills and invent. 37. 

brim, ASax. OLel. brim, Hood, sea, Min. 30; fie brim 
of pe see Brand. 22; brimes {pi.) Gaw. gloss. 

brim (brime, brimme?) = breme (or bremo)? brim 
loud, sharp, fierce, „ftrus, ferox", prompt, pars. 51; Oaio. 
gloss. 371; Rob Br. 28, 27; brims {r. to. lime) Wr. s. a. 
f?. 20, 4; breres brimme Chive, r. r. 1836. 
brimli Mar. mir. pi. iTii. 

brime? Olcei brimi (fire)? 
brimestOn brimstone, rel. songs 5, 211; brimstOii chron. of 
Engl. 181; Chauc. C. t. 631; brim-, brumstOu Wid. 
gloss. 10! brumstOii Mopes 339; bremston Ualliw. diet. 

brimme, ASax. brymme, bremme, brim, Octov. 931; 
(dat.) LaT,. 14720; Gow. conf. am. 2, 293 i Chauc I g. w. 
2449; Em. 694. 

brimmen (brimme), ASax. bremman, brim, roar, 
grunt, prompt, parv. 51. 

brimse, ASax. brimse, ODutch bremse, brims, breete, 
oestrum, Wr, diet. 

brin, Dan. Swed. br^n, OJcel. biiln pi. brjim, (brine) 
„supercilium", prompt, parv. 51 ; avow. Arth. 15, 6. 
brine, ASax. bryne, brine, ^salsugo", profnpt. parv. 
bringe, ASax. bring, bringing, (gtnJ) Xaj. 743. 
brin gen, ASax. 0Sax.01IOerm.hnwgiin, OFris. britiga, 
Goth, briggan, bring, Orin. 1327; harrow. 6; pei bringen 
(pres.) Mand. 237; brohte (prtt.) Orm. 14361; Wr. p. s. 
221; brojte oid and night. 107; brouhte La;^. 63: broute 
(brofte) 36; broughte Chauc. C t. 4942 ; brohten Horn 44; 
brouhten a. r. 114; brolit (part.) Wr. spec. 29; broght 
vis. P. P. 7691; Mar. viir. pi. 135; brouht k. of T. 193; 
compos, ibriugeii. 

bringcre bringer, Mand. 243. 

brink, LGerm. Dan. Swed. brink (kUl), brink, ora, 

WicL John 21; brinke (dat.) a: r. 242; Chauc. C. t. 9275. 

briniien, ASax. briiinjin, beornau (ardere, urC), OSaa. 

OHGerm. Goth, brinnan, Olcel. brinna (brenna?), bum; 


93 briKlfl 

brinne (= brenne?) Chauc. C. t. 5634; laumb. 695; bifne 
{= berne?) Tor. 555; beornen La^. 2858; pe castel gon 
to bernen 16218; born (prct.) 16217. 

brixle, OTcel. brixl (opprobrium)? fr(xm breken? compos. 

broblen = burblen? brobilaiide in hia blode HaUiie. 
diet. 212. 

broc, ASax. broc, Dan. brok, Irish Gael, broc, Welah 
bro^ brock, badger, Wicl. glosa.; brok prompt, parv. ; 
brockes {pi.) La^. 12817; brokkes vis. P. P. 3854. 

broc (broc?), ASaar. broc? nfflicHon? LaT,. 21029. 

broc, ASax. broc {torrena), Dutch broek {palus), 
OHOerm. bruocb (palua), brook, Lai,. 21783; brok „rti>»- 
hia", prompt, pari). 53; Hand. 99; brook Chauc. C, t 
3»20i broke {dat) vis. J'. P. 4067; brokes (pi.) a. r. 258. 
brocminte brook-, walermint, Wr. voc. 140. 

broc, ASaar. broc, Olcel.hvok, IlOei-m. hruoh (braca); 
brech (pL) breech (breeches), a. r. 420; Bek. 260; vis. 
P. P. 2822; breech Mand. 250; brerb or brek ^hraccae", 
prompt, parv. 48; brek „braccae", Wr. voc. 238; Iw. 1770; 
Rob. Br. 161, 13; brik ». a. c. 10, 57; brechen (da<.) 
LaT,. 1G749; br^ke Lidg. m. p. 114. 

broche, OFr. broche, broach, a. r. 420: Oaw. gloss.; 
WicL gloss. 

brocour broker, vis. P. P. 1001 ; brocouris (pi.) HaUite. 

brod, ASaar.. brord (spicd)'i OTcel. broddr (spiculum, 
frons, ora), OHGerrn. prot, prort (prora)? brod, point, 
prick, sprout, „aculews'^, Wr. voc. 202; „clavus acephalus", 
prompt- parv. 53; brod & blome Orm. 10773. 

brod, ASax. brod, OHGerm. bruot (heal), brood, Rob. 
Glrnic. 70, 16; brod (ace.) owl and night. 1631; brode 
(dat) 93; 518. 

brodden sprout, Orm. 10769. 

broden brood, ,.fovere'*, prompt, parv. 53; ibroded? 
(part.) owl and night. 1310; see brouden. 

broilen, OFr. bruiller, broil, roast, „usltdare, torrere", 
prompt, parv. 53; broile Chauc. C. t 385. 

brok, ASax. broc, Olcel. brockr Haldors. lex., brock, 
jade, Chauc. G. t. 7125. 

broke == broken? 
brokebaklcid „gibbosus", prompt, parv. 


brokel «g 

brokefootid nfracto pede", Wiol gloss. 
brokelegged crook-leggfd, via. P. P. 4068. 

brokel, Ofhtch brokel, brockle, brittle, prompt, pare. 
53; Skoreh. 3. 

broken, ASax. brocian? rebel; brokke S/ioreh. 1-06. 
brol (brol?) child, prolea, vis. P. P. 1767; er. P. P. 
1485; rd. ant. 2, 177. 

brom, ASax. brom (myrica, genista), ODvlck brom 
{genista), broom, „genista", Wr. voc. 91; 140; hroom Mand. 
130; brome {dat.) Alia. 2492; bromes (pi) ^myricae'*, 
Wicl. gloss.; Chauc. h. off. 1226. 

b r OS i n = brlisen ? {as broken = brfiken) bruise, 
^quaasare", prompt, parv. 52; broosede Wtcl. gloss. 10; 
brosed (part.) Halliw. diet. 213. 

b r o p , ASax. brod, OHGemt. prod {jus), from br6wen, 
broth, soap, Rob. Olatic. 528, 2; Hardw. poem 43, 8; 
Mand. 260; prompt, parv. 

bropfal, emp. Olcel. brottfall, epilepsy? Orm. 15504. 

bropel, from breoden? bad, miserable? pe truoBt is 
ful bropel for to triste Chauc. L g. w. 1881; broyil? 
prompt, parv. 178; brofiel wretch, Oow. conf. am. 3, 173; 
lud. Cov. 217; brodel Mar. mir. pi 165; bropels {pi.) 
cr. P. P. 1540; brepelis lud. Coo. 308; breyet? „miser- 
culva^, pr(ympt. parv. 50; breel? Halliw. diet 209. 

broder, ASax. bi-6dor, OSax. Qoth. bropar, Olcel. bro- 
dir, OHGerm. bruoder, Lat. frAter, brother, broder (broper) 
LaT,. 2116; broper (bropur) Chauc. C. t. 531 ; bropir lud. 
Cov. 224; broper in lawe Alis. 4399; broder Flor. 718; 
broper {gen.) Hob.Olouc. 291, 4; brgpre (pi.) Orm. 8269; 
breper Will, gloss. 217; Hob. Br. 51, 25; brSpir Amad. 
Robs. 60, 8; brMer Aud. 35; briper a. a. Wr. 1899; br^ 
deren ^03, 2137; Bek. 5; brddren (ace.) a. r. 54; br6- 
(Jren (brfidre) {dat.) 74; br^pren Mand. 222; broperen 
Skoreh. 45; broderen (tia(.) Las. 10461. 
broperhStl brotherhood, Chawc. C. t. 14453; Amis 362; 
Qaw. gloss. 372. 

broiiden, /lowi breidenV „in(exere", prompt. p«rw. 53; 

floures pat ao wel brouded {variegated, coloured f) bSn 

Halliw. diet. 214; „brauded embroidered"? Gaw. gloss. S71. 

bruche, ASax. bryee (fractio), ODutch breuke (Jrac- 

tura, peccatum, mvlta). OHGerm. bnih (fractio, fractura). 


64 brflche 

from broken, hreacJi, rupture, violation, trespass, a. r. 164; 
Rob. Olouc. 26, 22; for mounea bruche Katk 1210; 
Iiruchen (pi.) 1407; bruches 1616; \Vr. spec. 30; I)at tii 
wite me wid hara & iille liore bmelieii (prnalties?) a. r. 
28; cotnpoa. aew-, gripbruche. 

brache, ASaar. b^ce, OotJt. briiks, tisffal; briche i-el. 
ant. 1, 217. 

liruchel h-ittle, Katk 2029; «. r. 164; bruchelure 
{comp.) ibid. 

brud, ASax. bryJ, brygiJ, OFris. breud, from bredeit, 
breiden; compos, upbrud. 

brud, ASax. brjd, ODutck brM, bruid, OFris. breid, 
OSax. brud, OHGerm. brut, Olcel. briidr, Goth, brups, 
bride, sponsa, nupta; brude Horn 1058; Wr. p. s. 239; 
bruid Cl.auc. C. t. 9694; brid Oi-m. UIft4; brude (dat.) 
La^. 164; {(wc.) a. r. 164; brude muideii, lady, puell-a, 
femina, La^. 294; bunle 19271; vis. F. F. 1384; Degrev. 
769; WiU. gloss.; Oaw. gloss.; buirde k of T. 374; biurde 
(aec^ avow. Arth. 32, 16; birde Percev. 1289; berde De- 
grev. 759; bierdes {pl^ HtdUw. diet. 

bridale bridal, Orm. 14003; via. P. P. 969; Ociau. 
bridgume irirfejroom, Oi-m. 17958. 

brug, ASax. brycg, ODutch brugge, OFris. bregge, 
Olcel. bryggja, OIlGei-m. brucca, bridge,. IVill. gloss.; 
brugg Hob. Glouc, 402, 1; vis. P. F. 3690; pe brig of pe 
nese Wr. voc. 207; bngge Ckaiic. C. I. 3920; Hob. Br., 
241, 5; bregge li beavs disc. 1271; brugge (gen.) Rob. 
Olouc 539, 27; (dat.) a. r. 242; brigge (dat) lloccl. 1, 
190; (occ.) Mand. 7; bruggeii (■^.) Rob. Glouc. 555, 27. 

bruk bruck, locust, Wicl. gloss. 

brflken, ASax. OSax. brflcaii, OFris. Olcel. bruka, 
OHGerm. brAchan, Lat. frui (fructus), brook, vse, enjoy, Orm. 
2154; a. r. 202; brouke vis. P. P. C819; Ur. p. 9. 332; 
broke (pres. imper.) Amad. Robs. 61, 1 ; Tor. 834; broken 
mete „digerendo retinere", prompt, parv. 53. 

brun, ASax. OFris. brfln, OHGerm. brdner, Olcel. 
brflnn, brown; broun Mand. 158; Chauc. C. t. 207, 

brune, ASax. bryne, Olcel. brun i, /rom brinnen, burn- 
ing, vstio, iaj. 8255; a. r. 182; pu bodest buses bruiie 
owl and night. 1153; briiigeii on brune k fur Katk 1364. 
fbrunsUin, cmp. ASax. berne(-lsc) ajid ODutch bem-, 

brttnen 95 

lamsteen (aucanum), brimstone, „Bulphur*', prompt, parv. 
54; brun-, bren-, brinstsn Wicl. gloss. 10; brenstSn Hick, 
thea. 1, 228; brinstoii „mlfw", 'Wr. voc. 269; ant Artk. 
15, 6; bronstoa Rob. Br. M. 3,- 415; Ivd. C'ov. 308; Itorn- 
ston Wr. voc 211. 

brunen, OHGerm. brfluen, become brown; brounip 
(prea.) Alia. 3293. 

b r un i e , ASa^. byrne, Olcel. brynja, OSaa;. Goth. 
brunjo, OHOenn. brunia, brunna, cuirass, a. r. 382; La'T^. 
1553; burne 6718; bruni Alia. 1869; bruni, brene, brine, 
bimi Gaw. glosa.; breili ant. A>th. 41, 7. 

brunt, from brinnen? brimt, ,,iinpitiis'^, prompt, parv. 
54; bront Lidg. m. p. 261. 

brun tun insilire, prompt, paro. 

brusehe, Ital. brlisca, Fr. brosse, brvah, peniculus; 
brushe (dat.) vis. P. P. 8899. 

brusehe, Ital. brusco, Fr. brousse, brush, acopa, 
„bmscua", prompt, parv. 54. 

. brusen, -liSair. urjsan, bruise; brSsiu prompt, parv. 52; 
briisede, briside {pret) Wid. gloss. 10; br§sed {part.) Gaw. 
gloss. 371 ; brfisid Flor. 103 ; Triam. 237 ; compos, tobrisen. 

brust, ASax. byrst (damnunCi, OHOerm. brust {frac- 
tura), from bresteo, damage, loss, want; burst La^. 1610; 
Wr. spec. 24; brist Ilalliw. diet. 215; erl of T. 833. 

brust, ASax. byrst, OTcel. brust, OHGet-m. burste, 
bristle, EIL rom. 2, 322. 

brust, Olcel. byrstr, covered with bristles, Wt. j). a. 151. 

brusten? ibrusted mid golde Laj. 3639. 

brustel, ASax. bristl, ODutck borstel, bristle, k. of T. 
777; bristil, brustil (burstil) „sela", prompt, parv. 52; 
bristil Afnr. mir. pi. 112; brustelis (pi.) Alts. 6621; brist- 
les Ckaue. O. t 9698; (berstles) 558. 

brustlien bristle; bristled {part.) Chauc. Boet. 4; 
Alis. 5722; iburstled (ibnistled) mid atele La^. 16095. 

brustlien brustle, eradc; brustlep {prea.) llalUw. diet. 
215; and brustlep as k moiikes froise Gow. conf. am. 2, 
93; brustlede acaeftes La^. 20080. 

brutel, /rom *breoten, ASax. breotan, Olcel. briota 
{break), britde, brutel (britel) Gore, conf am. 1, 3S;Halliw. 
dif-t. 215; brutil, britel (brotel) Chauc. C. t 9155; 9935; 
brotel Skorek. 5; vis. P. P. 4983; brutil, bretil, britil, 
brotil Wicl. gloss. 10. 


96 brstetneese 

brutelnesse ir^Uene*t, Chavc. C. l. 9155. 

brutnen, ASax. biytnian, cut in pieces, divide; bmt- 
tene WUl. gloss.; brittene HaUiw. diet.; brittun avouj. 
Arth. 8, 9; britnez [prea.) Gate, gloss.; brtitned, bruttened 
(pret.) Will, gloss.; britned, brittened, bretinit Gam. gloss.; 
bretinid Halliw. diet.; pe bor brittuat his achild avow. 
Arth. 14, 15; britned {part.) Oi-m. 14178. 

brutten, ASax. bryttan, brytian (bryttiau), Oleel. 
brytja, cut in pieces: \ie dSde bodi Jiei britten (prrt.) Rob. 
Br. 244, 10; compos, tobrutten. 

brutten, ASax. bryttan {stringere), turn; brutte {pret.) 
HarUk. met. t. 112. 

bruwe? brOwe? ASaa^. brfl Orein's. gloss., bru¥ Bovt. 
ev. gloss., bruva {pl-f) Wr. voc. 64 & 282, brow; browe 
^tupercilium", prompt, parv. 63; Wy. voc. 179; 183; Gaw. 
gloss. 372; Wr. spec. 28; li beaiis disc. 883; brow (brour') 
„cilium'*, Wr. voc. 206; brow^ 2'or. 655; bruwen (bruwen?) 
(W.) La^. 22283; brouwes 18374*; k. of T. 417; browes 
Wr. spec. 34; Tor. 1454; rel. ant. 1, 54; brojes Gaw. 
gloss.; browen {dat.) Brand. 19; Wr. spec. 39; see brfiw. 

b r o w i d browed, Mar. mir. pi. 112; compos, bitelbrowed. 

ba, Olcel. ba ipecas)^ OFr. bue {bos)'/ beastf oxf 
{rim. w. kfl) Alis. 5957. 

bfic, ASax. OSax. bflc, Olcel. bukr, OHOerm. bflb, 
hody, owl and night. 1130; bouk Alis. 3254; Mar. mir. 
pi. 185; buke {dat.) a. r. 134; bouke Ckauc. C. t. 2748. 

bucke, ASax. bucca, Olcel. bukkr, bokkr, OHOerm, 
boch, bvck, a. r. 100; buc Orm. 1140; buk prompt, parv. 
bukkeahom Chauc. C. t. 3387. 

b u d d e , ODutch botte {gemma\ Germ, butze ? 9iid, 
„gemma, frons", prompt, parv. 54; buddes {pi.) Lidg. m. 
p. 217. 

budden, ODittck botten, Ital. buttare, bud; prompt, 

biide (bude?), ASax. budea, budda {scarabaeus) Wr. 
voc. 90, baud, beetle, weevil, Wr.voc. 256; boude „gurgulio*; 
prompt, parv. 46 ; compos, scharnbtlde. 

budel, ASax. bydel, OliQerm. butii, frcm. beoden, 
headle, praeco. Kadi. 1928; owl and night. 1167; Wr. 
spec. 22; bidel Orm. 97; bedel vis. P. P. 1102; Wicl. 
gloss. 7; budeles (pi.) Wr. p. ». 151. 

buff en, Germ.mSea, puffeii, Dutch hoSen, i^V. bouffer, 

biiffera 97 

bvff, ■pvff; boffing (port.) Rob. Glouc. 414, 14 ; see bobben, 
and puffen. 

buff ere buffer, „stutterer", Wicl. gloss. 

buffet, bofifet, OFr. buffet, bufet, „alapa", prompt, 
parv. 41; 54; a. r. 182; buffat, boffat Wid. gloss. 9; 
buffet, bofet buffet-stool, „tripea", prort^t. parv.; see bobet 

buffeten, OFr. buffeter, iM^ei;buffetm, bofeten^romp(. 
pare. 41; 54; buffeted {prei.) vis. P.P. 4148; butfeteden 
a. r. 106. 

bug el (biigleX OFr. bilgle, Lnt. buculus, hugle, buffa- 
lo, Wiclgloss. 10; Tw. 142; beugul Trlam. 1092; bflgles 
{pi.) Mand. 269; Alis. 5112. 
bigelhorn Chauc. C. t. I156B. 

bugge, Welsh bwg, bug, larva, prompt, parv. 

buggen, ASax. biicgan, OSiw;. buggean, tro(A. bugjan, 
buy, redeem, Kath. 1633; a. r. 208; owl and night. 1366; 
Wr. an. lit 9; via. P.P. 2260; biggen Own. 15793; bigge 
Ali». 5494; jiardw. poem 41,4; bigge, bise, bie Wicl. 
gloss. 8; hiia prompt, pare. 3G; bien Chavc. G. t. 14467; 
bie Hoed. 3, 31; beye Octmi. 388; bud {prea.) a. r. 
148; biseu Mand. 179; bohte {pret.) Orm. 711; boujte 
WicLghss.; bohtest Wr.spec.5&; bouhten a.r. 362; boht 
{part.) harrow. 97 ; bogbt Octav. 589 ; compos. a-, for-, ibuggen. 

buggen, ASax. bycgan? Olcel. byggja, big, cultivate, 
build, dwell ; biggen Orm. 1611; higgin„aedijicar^', prompt, 
parv. 35; bigge pi. t. 475; Min. 35; bigge {pros) apol. 
71; biggede, bigged {pret.) Gaw. gloss. 368; liob. Br. 26, 
6; planted and bigged pr. of consc. 4850; bigged (part.) 
Lidg. m. p. 264; biggit ant. Arth. 6, 6. 

buggere buyer,via.P.P.Z22(i; biggeres (pi.)3/aW.86. 

buggung, ASax. bycgung, buying, a. r. 362; bigging, 
biing Wid. gloss. 

bugging budding, „aedijicium", prompt, parv. 35; Wr. 
p. s. 161; bigging Isnmb. 78; biggingea (p/.) Min. 23. 

biisen, ASax. beogan, bAgan, ODutck buigeu, Goth. 
OHGerm. biugan, bow, bend, turn, go; bu^hen Oi-m. 6 
blijen, buwen (bou^eu, bouwen) Las- 3709; 5386; 5 
biiwen a. r. 22; to bowe {for bouweV) into pe bent De- 
gree. 55; bihd {pres.ind.) a. r. 130; bues»rte(. horn. 135 
bouwes ^iU. gloss. 211 ; boweji {imper.) vis. P. P. 3637 
buhe {subj.) Kath. 1484; bdh (pret. indic.) La^. 15740 
18275; pft b€b b& pe swire Marh. 22; and b^h him t^ 


98 bAs^n 

me over bord Wr. spec. 64; ich bSih td pe deofie a. r. 
304; bgis C. of I. 358; bgi rri. on*. 2, 276; baeh Or»«. 
8961; bu^en La3. 24683; bube {subj.) Katk. 2400***; 
compot. a-, bi-, for-, ibdjen; deriv. boje. 

bijen, ASaa:. bjgan, bote, bend; bliye BeA:. 1529; 
ant b^jep me to grouade rd. ant. 1, 122; bfthde ipret.) 
Katk. 2400; bflyede Boi. Qlmc. 475, 16; ibflid {port.) 
Wr. treat. 139; compos, abti^en; ace bfijeiL 

bflb? Oleel. biugr (c«n»u*)? 
btUiBum, ASax. bubsom (F), DuicA buigzaam, Qet-m. bieg- 
sam, fruirom, compliant, obedient, Kath. 1805; a. r. 356; 
Orm. 6176; bughsom pr. of come. 50; bOxom tns. P. P. 
679; Fior. 1725; met. hom. 62; bouBOm (= bossom?) pr. 
of conec. 85, 

baiomlrche vis. P.P. 7667; bflxomli Maitd. 82; bftxumli 
IfoecZ. 6, 62. 
bfixumnesse „obedientia'*, prompt, pars. 

buin? buying; bune (dat.) a. t. 362*. 

buine (bune) to be bought, a. r. 368. 

buld build, aedifcium ; hHiHaUiw. diet. 175; cr. P.P. 
311; pat was so Btrong of beld Wr. diet. 193. 

bulden, ASax. hj\da.n(?), from hold? bmld. Lot,. 2656 ; 
Kath. 1667; cr. P. P. 233; builden via. P. P. 7886; Wi- 
de W, Cou. 20; belde Tnat. 3. 47; Rob. Br. 135, 10; to 
belde (dwell) and to blde/ZoUiu;. diet 161; bieldez (pres.) 
dwells, 173; bulde {pret.) Rob. Glouc. 21, 13; bilde, belde 
Wid. glots. 8; bilded (port.) Mand. 58; belded <t. P. P. 
1092; pi bllr is BOne ibuld rd. songs 5, 153. 

bulder, Dan. bidder, Swed. buller, bolder. 
bulderstOn, Swed. bulleratSn, bolder-stone, Havd. 1790. 

bulding building; beeldinge prompt, parv. 30. 

bule, Olcel. boll, ODutch biiJle, boile, buU, bos, Orm. 
990! bulle Wr. voc. 187; bole prompt. parv.iS; Brartd.H; 
boUe Oow. conf. am. 2, 72; bule (dat.)Laz. 14209; (aec.) 
Katk. 61; bulsB (boles) {pi.) pa. 21, 13; boles vis. P. P. 
7258; CAtwc. C. t. 2141. 
boleslsting ^u. 200. 

bille, ASax. bjle, Oi>M(cA buile, MEGerm. biule, Me 
(Joii) ; bile „gibbtis", Wr. voc. 207 ; „puatula'*, prompt, parv. 
36; biles i pi.) Wid. gloss. 7 ; biles (biiles, builes) vis. P.P. 
14092; WarLkist. 2, 58 & 86. 

bulen = boUen or bultenP a. r. 366*. 

bulge 99 

bulge, Fr. bouge? Lot. bulga? hdge, proluherance, 
Iw. 263; bouge „bwlga", prompt, paro. 4fi ; bouge ,Jmnch, 
hotde", Wid. gloss. 9; biilchea? {■pi.) Mapea 338. 

buli, ASax byl(i)g, bellow; bulies (pi) Brand. 22; see 

bulke, Olcd. bulki, hulk, heap; bolke prompt parv. 

bulken (bulke), btdk, beat, Hdlliw. diet. 

bulleren, LGerm. buUem, Swed. bullra, HGerm. 
bolleru, boldern, Dutch bulderen, bolderen, Dan. buldre, 
bolder, roll; bullerand (pari.) Oaw. gloss. 

bulloke, ASax. bulluca, bwUock, „bu/culua" Wr. voc. 
177 ; bullok pron^t. parv. 55. 

bulten, ^wedC bulta, bolt,strike: hit wule pulten (bul-' 
ten) on him a. r. 366; bulte mele prompt pare.; boulte 
Ohauc. C. t. Tyr. 15246; hulled {part.) Orm. 992; beete 
and bulled flour Lidg. m. p. 96; cmp. AfXat. buletare. 

bumbin, bummin, Germ, bummen, Dutch bommen, 
bum, hvm, prompt, parv. 56; bummed {pret.) drank, vis. 
P. P. 2917. 

bumblen buTAble, grumile; bumblip {pres.) Ckauc. C 
t. 6554. 

bun, ASax. (ge-)biin, Olcd. biUun, (part.) prepared, 
Orm. 523; boun Wr. spec. 100; vis. P. P. 1202; Tor. 
2044; I'ercev. 1066; Eglam~ 583; Mar. 4; eche 
was bouu to goon Chaue. C. t. 11807; bon .Koi. Br. 99, 
26; of sp^che he is ful b6n (?) Tor. 2143; ibon Laj. 
12805; pe al mid golde is ibon {adomedf) 25788; iboen 
Wr. an. lit. 13. 

bunch, Dan. Swed. bunke {heap), Daicibonk {lump)? 
htmch; bunches {pl.J Mapes 344. 

buncben (bunchon), /)u(cA bonken, tnmck, strike, „(w«- 
dere", prompt.parv. 55; to bunachen (r. buncheu) onfetde 
Hartsh.met. L 264; buQchip(^re«.) P.P. p. 607; pei bon- 
chen peire brfistia HaUtw. diet. 194. 

bundel, ASax. byndel, MHGerm. (ge-)biindel, /rom 
binden, bundle, prompt, paro. 

■bune, ASax. bune? Ir. (?arf.bun {stock, stump)? bun; 
buunc „calamus", prompt, parv. 55; bonis {pi.) ,^alks of 
fiax^\ Wid. gloss. 9; buime „piocen/a", prompt, pare.; bon- 
nes {pi.) Halliw. nug. poet. 1 ; buuis barrels, casks f Htd- 
liio. diet. 219. 

buueu? compos, tobuaen? 

:, Google 

100 bunge 

buQge, Germ, bunge, barrd, ,Jiura", prompt, parv. 

bunsen, LGerm. buusen Brem, wb., DiUeh bonzen, 
bounce, beat, a. r. 188. 

bunt tttint:\pe bunt of pe saile HaUiw. dict- 

bunting bunting, prompt, parv.; bounting Wr. spec 40. 

bur?/»-o»i beren? 
burlich, OHOerm. burlicher (sublimis), burly, high, esecel- 
lent, Oaw). gloss.; pi burliche bodi ant. Arik. 16, 8; burli 
Pereev. 269; borlic rd. ant. I, 222; pe borlicb berde {la- 
dy) Degrev. 759; burlokest {superlat.) Gaw. gloss. 

bur, Olcel. hyrr, from beren? birr, storm, impetuosity. 
Gate, gloss. ; bir met. horn. XVII ; bure, bire {dat. f) Wid. 
gloss.; to him he stirt wip bir ful {printed birful) grim 
Iw. 1661; bere (if at) Flor. 659. 

bur, ASax. OSor. OHGerm. Olcel. bflr, />wm *buen, 
ASaa:. buan iparare. cc^ere), bower, chamber, a. r. 34; 
owl and night, 956; boUT WtU. gloss.; harrow. 32; bflre 
{dat.) Orm. 3323; boure Chavc. C. t. 3367; boure {pi.) 
Hartsh. met. I. 91; bures L03. 5982. 
b<h'-(bour-)cniht Laj. 30255. 

bdrmaiden prompt parv.; bourmaiden rel. ant. 2, 175. 
bArwoman Wr. voc. 216. 

bur, ASax. (ge-)bur, OHGerm. (gi^pur, boor, farmer, 
peasant; bouer Lidg. m. p. 192; beuir reL ant. 1, 187; 
compos, ihti. 

bur bil, burbul bubble, „buUa", prompt, parv. 56. 

burble n, burblon bubble, prompt, pare.; aee burlen. 

buren, jlSoa;. (ge-)byrian {eoenire, decere), OIceLbyrja 
{incipere, decere), OSax. (gi-)burian (evenire, contingere), 
OHGerm. (gi-)burren {id.), become, behove; burp {pres.) 
Wr. an. lit. 4 ; juw birp understanden Orm. 89 ; bers met. 
horn. 10; burde {pret.) Gaw. gloss.; burd Rob. Br. 76, 9; 
birde Havel. 2761; him bird met.hom. 17; compos. iburen. 

bur 3, ASax. burg, burh, buruh, OSax. burg, burug, 
OHGerm. burg, Olcel. borg, Goth, baurgs, bury, burrow, 
borough, arx, owl and night. 766; burh Katk. 46; Orm. 
7262; burh (borj) Lai,. 220; burgh Alis. 2056; Tsumi. 
547; buruh a. r. 74; burj, bor3 Gaw. gloss.; bor^ Rob. 
Glouc. 47, 18; bourgh Gow.conf. am. 1, 30; burw, borwj 
Will, gloss.; burwh, burw prompt, parv. 56; burse, burie 
(borwe, borewe) {dat.) LaT,. 2168; 3553; 9888; burghe 
vi». P.I*. 4414; burghes (^i.) Chauc. C. t. 6452; bourgbes 

buryels 101 

Lidg. m. p. 210; borowis „dens'\ Wtcl. gloss. 
barchbriche rel. ant. 1, 33. 
buruhman a. r. 350. 
burhrEve Kath. 1927. 
bur^toun Wiel. gloss. 

buryele, ASax. burgels, burial, Rob. Giouc. 204, 16; 
burieles vis. P.P. 13245; biriels, biriel Wicl. gloss.; biriel 
„sepulcrum, tutnulua", prompt. parv. S7 ; beryels „sepulcrum", 
Wr. voc. 178; beriel s. s. Wr. 2561. 

burien, ASax. bjrigean, bury, La^- 27872; bir3en 
Orm, 152S4; hirim „s^dire", promptparv. 36; birie Wr. 
p. s. 197; Wicl. John 19; berye Eglam. 488; burye {pres. 
imperat.) Alis. 4628; birye s. a. Wr. 1257; buriede (pret.) 
Horn 906; burede Bek. 2119; buryed (part.) via. P. P. 
6707; beryed Mand. 15; compos, bi-, iburien. 

burien, LGerm. burrelo (bubble) f Brem. wb., welterf 
burland (part.) erl of T. 99; Betres lai burling in hur 
blode FUir. 1639; see burblen and broblen, 

burne, ASax. bume, OFris. barna, OSax. OHGerm. 
brunno, Olcd. brunnr, bourn (fewra), wdl, brook, id. arU. 
1, 1; (dot.) owl and night. 916; borne Caw. jZoas. ; bournes' 
{gen.) vis. P. P. 16; (pi.) Flor. 609. 
? brunswin ,phoca, delphinus", prompt parv. 

burnen, OFr. barnir, burnish; burned (part.) Gow. 
conf. am. 2, 231; C'hauc. C. t. 1985. 

burre, Gcrwi. burre (tomentum, gnaphalion), Fr. bourre, 
ilLat. burra ^toTnentum), bur, „lappa'', prompt, parv. 
? burseu Wr. diet. 
? bnrtre elder-tree, „sambucu^, Wr.voc. 228; HaUiw. diet. 

burton, OFr. borter? buit, „Gomu p^ertf, prompt. 
parv.; see bourden. 

burp, ASa^. (ge-)byrd, OSax. (gi-)burd, OHOerm. 
hurt, Olcel. burdr, Goth. (ga-)haurp8, from beren, birth, 
origin, lineage, Atid. 20 ; birp Wid. John 9 ; burde (burde) 
(dat.) Kath. 84; birpe Gow. conf. am. 2, 76; pat was of 
hire kin & of hire birde Orm. 2052; burpe (ace.) Qiauc. 
C. t. 4612; burde (burde) a. r. 158. 

burpen, ^5aa;. byrden, burthen (burden), c. of I. 958; 
Wr. spec. 110; burden Chauc. Boet. 3; birpenjw. 37, 6; 
d^. of B. 10, 18; birpun, berpen Wid. gloss. 7; burn 
(Aesl. pi. 1, 65; burdene (ace.) LaT,. 25970; a. r. 232. 

busard, Fr. busard, buzzard, Alis. 3049; busberd 


102 buach 

Wr. voG. 220;! bosard prompt, parv.; i rSde fch & blind 
bosarde doboote vi». P. P. 6157. 

busch, OHGerm. busc, O/ccZ. busk, bmh. Will, gloss.; 
busk „dwmus", prompt, parv. 56; Gaw. gloss.', vis. P. P. 
7265; Percew. 758; bosch SAoreA. 131; busche (rfo(.) CkaUc. 
C. t 1519; bushes (jrf.) JMoW. 115; boskes .Koi. Gioitc. 
547, 9. 

buschel, OFr. bussel, boiasel, bushd, Hardw. poemZO, 
6; bushel ChaucC.t. 4091; boischel, buischel Wid. gloss. 

busi, ASax. bysig, ODvtch besig, ^Msy, Chauc. G. t. 
1493; bisi (busi) ifflj, 2837; bisi a. r. i42; *»e(. Aom. 
108 ; besi Qow. conf. am. 2, 42 ; Mand. 3 ; bese ^ui/. 1 5 ; 
bisegure {comp^ a. r. 182. 
bisihed diltgence, Alis. 3. 

buaillche, bisittche bimly. Wilt, gloss.; bisihche a. r. 146; 
Shoreh. 55; Wicl. gloss.; besiliche Oow. conf. am. 2, 43. 
bisischipe diligence, a. r. 384. 

busien, A8ax. bysegian, 6usvi Chauc, Boet. 4: besien 
Oow. conf. am. 2, 43; bisiede (pret.) Wid. gloss.; bisied 
Gaw. gloss. 

busines business, diligence, cr. P. P. 1449; besines 
Mand. 251; besenes avow. Arth. 61, 1; besinesse Oow. 
conf. am. 9, 60. 

busken (buske), Oael. busg (t^ress, adorn), Ir. busgam 
(/ dress), busk, prepare, Will, gloss. 218; Gaw. gloss. 37a; 
buske pe forp to fare Eglam. 348; buskep yow to pat 
boot via. P. P. 5440; pai busked and maked hem boun 
Trist I, 14; pai buskute hom avow. Arth. 10, 9; pe eori 
buskede on his wai Degrev. 598 ; hit was buskid (adorned) 
obove wip besauntus 14iJ7. 

busse, OFr. husse, buse. ODutck buise, buss, fisking- 
boat, Rob. Br. 187. 

but, Fr. hut, but {butt), „meta", prompt, parv. 56; „am- 
seges", Wr. voc. 270; butt 239; hutte 271. 

butte, LGerm. hutte, Dutch hot, flounder, prompt, 
parv. 56; Havel. 759. 

butte, ASax. bytt, 07ccf. bytta, MHOerm. biitte, buit, 
„wter", Wr. voc. 95; bit ps. 32, 7*. 

butten, ODvtck bottan, butt, ,^dlere", prompt, parv. 
56; hebigan to stlren &t6 butten Orm. 2810; see putten. 

butter, ASax. butor, butere, butter, Wr. s. a. c. 56, 
16; buttire Wr. voc. 198; botir 178; hutfir, botir prompt 

parv. 56; botere Wid. gloss. 
boturftle Imtterfiy, prompt, parv. 

buttok, /rom but, biOtoek, Wr.voc. 183; Chauc. C. t. 
3801; buttokes {pi.) Wr. treat. 139. 

c& (ka, kaa), ODvtch k&, kae, Dan. kaa, OHGerm. 
caha, daw, „monedula", prompt, parv. 84; Wr. voc. I88j 
CO (ko, koo) p-ompt. parv. 57; 280; Wr. voc. 145. 
c&d&we eawdaw, eaddow, prompt, parv. 57. 

c a b e I ? ODutch kabel, Fr. Span, cable, MLat. capu- 
\uni,seelhes wb. 87, cable; kablen (cables) (pi.) La^. } SSS. 

caccbe, Ital. caccia? 
cachepol catchpoll, ins. P. P. 18165; catchepollis {pi.) 
Wid. gloss. 10. 

cacchen, ltd. cacciare, OPr. cachier, Span, cazar, 
ODutch kaeUen, ketsen {crtptare), catch, La^. 31501 ; vis. 
P. P. 3R9; cacche Will, gloss. 218; Ghauc. C. t 4103; 
Wid. John 1 3 ; cacbe chase, prompt, parv. 57 ; kacbe 
met horn. 151; kecchen a. r. 324; kecche floMi 1377; kec- 
ched {pres.) Kaih. 25:(; cahte (pret.) La^. 4547; ca^te 
Hob.Glouc. 14,11; caugbte Chauc. C. t. 500; ca-vSi^Amis 
2465; kejte awl. Arth. 49, 1; keihte a. r. 154; cahten 
Kath. 1990; caht (paH.) Wr. p. s. 152; icaht214; caught 
vis. P. P. 11805; ikeiht a. r. 88; cachid Wid. gloss. JO; 
pus am i cacbet {chased, driven) from klpe ant Arth. 1 S, 
8; compos, bicaccheii; see chace. 

cad, anp. OFr. cadeau, Lot catntus, cad, young lambf 
Wr. voc. 219. 
kudlomb cade-lamb f Wr. voc. 245. 

kader, WeisAcader? i^'r. cadre? coder (eadar)f keather, 
cradle, a. r. 378. 

cif, ASax. cif, guide, eager; cbi relant. 1, 212; kfine 
he was & kof Bd>. Br. 66, 25; pe cove a. r. 66; biforen 
k&fe & k£ne Orm. 19962; cove quiddy, owl and night ^7&. 
cofliche quicHy, La^. 1705; cofli Gaw. gloss. 374; WaH. 
hist. 3, 105. 

cai, Fr. quai, Welsh cae Oteen's did., Bret kae Le 
Gon. d«*. 169, gitay; kei prompt parv. 369. 

cai (kai), Fm. /'an. kei Owtzen's gloss., Molb. dial, 
lex., cm.p. Dan. keit and Ir. ciotog. Gad. ciotag-(Ie/% hand), 
cauj? left, Qaw. gU^. 

cair, Olcd. kaerr (corwa). 
kajrlejc, Smed. karlek, loee, Orm. 3187. 


104 cairen 

cairen (kaire), Olcd. keyra? turn, wend, HdUiw. diet. 
237; 488; Oaw. gloss. Z^\; kaires (^es.) TTarl. Am(. 2,105; 
kairit {pret.) ant. Arth. 53, 13; pe kouherde kairedto his 
house Hartsk. met. t. 374; icaired {pari.) Wr. »pec. 37, 

caiser, ASax. cAsere, Lat. Caesar, emperor, Alts. Ii09 ; 
kaiser a. r. 138; vii. P. P. 13228; keiser (caiser) La^. 
27366; keisere 7484; keiseres (gen.) Katk. 3; kejseres 
Orm. 3519. 

caitif, OFr. caitif, caitif, captive, Wid. gloss. 

cake 8wed. kaka, Dan. kage, cake, „placenta", prompt, 
parv. 58; (dat.) Ckauc. G. t. 670. 

cakelen (kakelen), Dutch kakelen, <Sic^.kakla, ctK^ie, 
a. r, 66; cakelin prompt, parv. 58; caclef (j>res.) Gov;. 
conf. am. 2, 264. 

cald, ASax. cald, ceald, OSax. cald, GoiA. kalds, Olcel. 
kaldr, OHOerm. chalter, frmn calen, cold,Iw. 360; pr, of 
conisc. 767; cold a. r. 400. 
Pcaldmewe Lidg. m. p. 202; calmewe Hartsh. met. t. 133. 

cald (calde)? ASax. cealdu, OFri^. kalde, kelde, 
OHOerm. chaiti, cold; cold HV. p. a. 330; MaMrf. 256; 
colde „frig'U3", prompt, parv.; calde (rfa(.) Iw. 2974; Qow. 
conf. am. 2, 38; keide Wr. spec. 37. 

colden (colde), ASax. ceaXdinn, OHGerm. chaXten, grow 
cold, Ckauc. TroU. 5031 ; s. s. Wr. 1678; compos, a-, for-, 

calen, Olcel. kala pret. kol part, kalinn (algere); com- 
pos, acaten; deriv. cald, col. 

kalender, Lat calendarium, calendar, La^. 7219. 

calf, ASa^. calf, cealf, ODutch kalf, Olcel. kalfr, 
OHGerm. chalb,eai/, yytwiwj, Orm. 5858; wia. P.P. 10560; 
keif a. r. 136; calveren (p^.) Mand. 105; JfteZ. ^2os«. 
calfflEach TTr. aoc. 200. 

calf, ODutch Va.\{ (jndpa), Olcel. kalfi (mra), Ir.Qad. 
calpa, calf, sura, prompt, parv. 58; Ckauc. C. t. 594. 

calketrappe, ASax. calcatrippe (heraclea) Wr. voc. 68, 
cmp. Fr. chausse-trappe, caUrap (caltrop), „tribulu» tnari- 
nus", Wr. voc. 1 40 ; calketrappe, caltrappe „hamu8, saliun- 
ca", prompt, parv. 58 & 59; calketrappen (pi.) Alts. 6070. 

calle, Ir. calla, OFr. cale, caul, WicL gloss. 10; Wr. 
p. s. 158; Chauc. C. t. 6600; k. ofT. 365; kelle „retM!«- 
lum", Wr.voc. 196; £m. 303; kelJes (pi.) Mtv. mxr. pi. 183. 

callen 105 

call en, ASaa;. cea\\ia,n {damare), Olcel. kalla (f oca re), 
ODutck kallen (loqui), OHCferm. challon {clamare), call, 
Mark. 3; C&Min prompt, parv 58; callen (pres.) Mand. 1 ; 
callede {pret.)ms. P.P. 12260; Percev. filO; compos, be- 

caln, ASax. calu gen. caWea, OHOerm. chalawer, Xa(. 
calvus, callow, bold, Wid. gloss. 

camb, A8asB. camb, comb, Olcel. kanibr, OHOerm. 
cliamp, ctymh, Orm. 6340; comb promptparv. 88; Hardw. 
poem 16, 4. 

cam bo k, MLat cambuca, cmp. Ir. Gael, camog, crook- 
ed staff, Wr. voc. 232. 

cammed, from Welsh Ir. Oael. cam, Bret, kamm 
{crook, curve}, short nosed, prompt, paro. 59; rcZ. aid. I, 

cammok, ASax. cammoc, cammock,rest-harroiD; cam- 
mokes (p/.) »w. P. P. 13585. 

camp, ASax. camp, comp, OFris. kamp, OHOerm. 
champh, combat, contest; comp La-r,. 4347; bampe (dot) 
Halliio. diction. 

campin, ASax. cam^mn (pugnare), (!>Fm. kampa, kem- 
pa {litigare), amtend in playing at football, prompt, parv. 60, 

can (kan), A8ax. can (cann), con, OSax. can, OFris. 
kan, Goth. Olcel. kann, OHOerm. chan, {pret. pres.) can,lcnow, 
Orm. 1314; 5282; i can & noble tale Ckauc. C. t. 3128; 
nou can i n6 rfid Triam. 595; con a. r. 18; harrow. 26; 
.4uc2.I6; canst owianti nt^^. 1180; kanst via. P. P. 1703; 
cunnen Otoi. 5514; Jie wel cunnen a (Jmt wel conne of) 
sp^che who are expert in speech, Laj. 7301 ; cunne Bek. 
1325; connen, conne Mand. 5; 213; cunne (suhjwnct.) a. 
r. 280; Cunne (conne) Z/13. 28644; pou konne vis. P. P. 
13011; yeconne Ckauc. C. t. 3120; r^tv. cunnen, kennen. 

candel (candle), ASax. candel, Lat. cand^la, candle, 
Bek. 1969. 

candelstaf Wid. gloss. 
candelatikke ^id. 

canel, Fr. canal, channel. 
canelbOn collar-hone, Oaw. gloss. 373; ant. Arth. 40, 12. 

canel, Fr. cannelle, cinnamon, prompt parv. 60; Wicl. 
gloss. 10. 

cang foolish, mad, a. r. 62; Kath. 260. 
caDgllche foolishly, a. r. 56. 


kangscliipe folly, madneag, a. r. 338. 

cang/ocJi, a. r. 270; canges {gen.) 214; kanges ipl-) 

caugen become ftx^isk or mad; cangede {part, pi.') a. 
r. 362*; compos. Rcangeo. 

caone, A8ax. canne, OHGerm. channa, tMn, pot; kan 
lud. Coo. 259; Cannes {pi.) Wid. gloss. 

cant, Dan. kant? cant, strong, Oatc. gloss. 373; Bob. 
Hr. 50, 17; mani kant knight Halliw. dicL 488; cant 
and k€ne Min. 30. 

cantel, OFr. cantel, con(ic, comer, Chauc. C t. 3010; 
li beans disc. 346; ant. Arth. 41, I. 
cantelcappe La^. 29749. 

cape, OFr. cape, cope, doak, £03. 13097; cope a. r. 
56; vis. P. P. HI; Chauc. C. t. 262. 

cappe, ASax. cappe, caeppe, OFris. kappe, OHOerm. 
chappa, OFr. cappe, cap, prompt, pan). 60; Mand. 247; 
Wr. p. s. 330; sette here aller cappe outwitted them all, 
Uhauc. C. t. 588; keppen {pi.) a. r. 420. 

capul, Olcel. kapall, Ir. capall, capull, Oael. capull. 
Lot. caball us. Or. xa^oXXijCi horse, vis. P. i^. 2123; capil 
Chauc. C. t. 4086. 

car, Lithuan. kairas? lejif wip pe car bonde {or car- 
honde? as printed) ant. Arth. 48, 2. 

carde. Lot. carduus, card, teasd, prompt, pare. 62. 

cardin card, carminare, prompt, parv. 

care, ASaw. cam, cearu, OSax. cara, Goth, kara, 
OHGerm. chara, care, cura, Laj. 23051; Orm. 4852; 
c. 0/ I. 217 ^ Chauc. C. t. 1571; pr. consc. 7263; Mar. 
mir. pi. 99; kare oujI and night. 1688. 
careful (earful) LaT,. 278; earful Bek. 639; Will gloss. 
218; carefuUe {pi.) vts P. P. 13207. 
careles Lnj. 12478; kareleas a. r. 246. 

carien, ASax. cearian, care, curare, a. r. 48; carye 
Jiofc. Ql<mc. 312, 2; care Mk 34; carest {prea.) W^. 
gloss. 218; carep Hardw. poem 28, 3; carede {pret.) Bek. 
125; caraode {part.) Gate, gloss, 373. 

cark, ASax. care? Somn. diction., Wdsh Gael, care, 
carA, care. Gam, 754; kaxke HaUiie. diet. 488; (do(.)Bo6. 
Br. 135, 26. 

carken, .^ISaa;. (be-)carcian? Lye's diet, cark, care, jrf. 
(. 198; carke and care Wr. spec 54; sj. o/" /. deg. 924. 

carl 107 

carl, ASox. carl (mai), Olcel. karl (mas, vir, ru^icaa), 
ODvtch kaerl {vir, ruslicus), OHOerm. chari (»»•), caH, 
man, „ruaticus", prompt para. 62; C'hauc. C t. 547 ; karl 
Zm.559;_ carles {pL) Afar, 99; see cheorl. 

carol, caral, OFr. carole, tat. chorale, carol, prompt, 
parv. 62; carols (pi.) Ckauc. C. t. 1933. 

carpin speak, ,^fabular^\ prompt, parv. 62 ; carpe 
(karpe) Wilt, gloss. 218; vis. P. P. 130«8; Chauc. C. t. 
476; Degrev. 9; Iddg. m. p. 191; i am comuu ... to 
carpe wip 30ur qweiie ant. Arth. 11, 13; carpez (pres.) 
Oaw. glass. 373; pe king . . . carpis pes wordes HalUw. 
diet. 233; karpede {pret) Imn-b. 234. 

Carre, OH Germ, carra, OFr. carre. Lot. carrus, car, 
cart, prompt, parv. 62; Mand. 130; carris (_pl.) Wicl. gloss. 
10; chare prompt, pars. 69; chare, charre Wid. gloss. 1 1. 

carrien, Fr. charrier, carry; carien vis. P. P. 1207; 
carlo (carye) Mand. 49; Ckauc. C. t. 130. 

cart (carte?), 0/ccZ. karti, l^eisfi cart, Goe^. cairt, JSoic. 
craet? cart., „rkeda", prompt, pare. 62; Wid. gloss. lO; 
kartti Orm. pre/- 54j kert Wr. woe. 95; carte (dot.) La^- 
11396; cartes (pi) Majid. 250. 
cartwei vis. P. P. 1621. 

cartin cart, prompt, parv. 62. 

cartare carter, owl and night. 1184. 

kask, Olcel. kaskr, karskr {alacer, strenuus) Sgilss. 
ler., Fritzner's ordb., strong, Havel. 1841; see crask. 

cast, Olcd. kast, cast, jactus, Will, gloss. 218; Wicl. 
gloss. 10; Mand. 92; Chain:. C. t. 3605; Flor. 1406; ant. 
Arth. 48, 2; kest Gaw. gloss. 

casten (kasten), Olcel. kasta, cast, jacere, Kath. 946; 
Wr. spec. 37; Chauc C. t. 3560; to casten him in irens 
vis. P. P. 2252; caste Gow. conj. am. 1, 334; Wid. John 
8; Percev. 682; kesten a. r. 56; keste Eob. Br. 54, 6; 
kaste (preL) Kath. 1360; caste Lar,. 1919*; Brand. 8; 
Mand. 93; Ckauc. C. t. 2856; keste Isumh. 608; casten 
Wr. spec. 37; kesten Gam. gloss. 392; cast {part^ Flor. 
2181; icast Bek. 450; c. of I. 807; transact. 18, 25; ikest 
a. r. 228; cotnpoa. a-, OTercaBten, 

castel, ASax. OFr. castel, casrfe, Bci. 2089; kastel 
Orm. 19941; castle {dot.) Laj. 14133. 

cat, .4S(Kr. catt tm., 0/cei. kottr, io*. catus, cattus, Ir. 
Gad. cat, OFris. katte /., OHGerm. chaza, ca«, a. r. 102; 


108 catel 

via. P. P. 297; kat owl and night. 808; ofte musefi pe 
cat after hire moder rel. ant. 1, 180; catte prompt, parv. 
63; Chauo. C. t. 5932; cattes {gen.) vis. P.P. 354; cattes 
{pi) Man(>: 129. 

catel, OFr. catel, chatel. Lot. capitale, see Kuhn and 
Schleicher's beitr. 2, 50, cattle, chattle, capital, property, 
mmey, La^. 30673*; vis. P.P. 4508; Ri^h. 1546; Ohauc. 
C. t. 375; f. s. Wr. 1210; wipheore catel and heoregode 
transact. IS, 24; chetel a. r. 224. 

cauce, Fr. chaussee, causey, prompt, paru. 64; kauce 
tiob. Br. 183, 2. 
caucewei causeway, prompt, parv. 

caudel, Fr. chaudeau, caiidle, prompt, para. 64; vis. 
P. P. 3 198. 

caudron, Fr. chaudron, caldron, Brand. 17. 

cauken, Ital. calcare, tread, breed, vis. P. P. 7888. 

ceelin caelare, nrompt. parv. 65. 

celler, Lot. cellarium,ceM«r, Gow. conf. am. 3, 12. 

cerchen (cercbe), OFr. cercbier, search, Lidg. m. p.l69; 
cerched {pari.) Mand. 310. 

cessen, Fr. cesser, cease; cese transac'.. 19, 329;" ceese 
pr. of come. 6373. 

cite, Fr. cite, city, Mand. 244; ps. 45, 5. 

citezein citizen, Oow. conf. am. 1, 75. 

clai, ^Saa^.claeg, OFris. klai, claif, Alis. 915; pr. consc. 
411; clei rel. songs 5, 73; Chauc. 0. t. 12735. 

cleji, cleyi dayey, Wtd,. gloss. 

claim, ASax. cUm (iittwrn), ODutck kleem ' {argilla), 
cloam, (gleim, glem) „gluten, viacus", prompt, parv. 198. 

claimen, ASax. claeman, ODateh kleemen, OHOerm. 
chleimen, cleam, cleave, smear, daub, rel. ant. 1, 14; cleime 
Lidg. m. p. 53; (gleimiii) „viscar^, priympt. parv. 198; 
cl^mede „it»ii>ii", Wid. gloss. 11; dome {jpres^ sacram. 34. 

claimen, OFr. damer, ciam; cleimen vis. P. P. 9421; 
cleimep „calls'', Will, gloss. 219; cleimed {pret.) Bob. Br. 
19, 14. 

clak, ASax. claec, MHGerm. klac, Olcel. klakkr, blot, 
spot: jif pat 36 wel 311W loken fra clake & sake Orm. 

clakke, ODutch klacke, dock, claquet, Wr. voc. 180; 
prompt, part). 79. 

clakien, clacken, ODttt<^ klacken, Olcel. klaka, dadc, 

dam 109 

doquer; clake I. c. c. 54; pu clacke8(t) owl and mghtSl; 
compot. biclaggen ? 

clam. Germ. Dviofi Dan. klam {tenax, artus, humidus, 
mscoius), i^lutinosus", prompt, parv. 79 

clambren, cmp. Oerm. klammern, damler; clamerin 
prompt, parv. 79; clambred {part.') „cluatered", Qate.glo8$. 

clap, ODutch kJap, OHGerm. ciilaph, clap, a. r. 102*; 
(clappe) ^epitua, fragor", prompt, pare. 79; clappes (pt) 
Rob. Br. 175, 6. 

clappe, ODufcA klappe, c2aj>, dapper; clappe of &mUle 
prompt parv. 7 9; hold J)ou pi clappe (tongue) chron. VHod. 
94; cleppe a. r. 70. 

clappen (clappin), j^Soir. clappiau, OFrxt. 0/crf. klap- 
pa, OHGerm. chlaphon, clap, „pulsar€f', prompt parv. 79; 
Wid. gloga. 11; Octov. 569; hi- clappep (pre*.) Shoreh, 
135; what so meu clappe (tali) or crie Chauc. C. t. 12893; 
chpped {knj>cJced) a.t pe widowesgate 7163; ckppid (part.) 
lalkxd, Hoed. 1, 394. 

clapper, ODutch klapper, dapper, Oow. conf. am. 2, 
13; coppe and clapper he bar ... as he & mesel war 
Tria. 3, 80. 

cUpB claps (daap); clasp Rich. 4084; claspes (pt.) Wr. 
p s. 222. 

clapaen, clasp; elapsed i part.) Chauc. C. t. 275. 

clater, ODutch klater, d^Uer, Tovm. myst 190. 

clateren, ODutch klateren, clatter, Kath. 2026; pe 
arwea in pe caae . . . clatren Chauc. C. t. 2361; clate- 
rande (prea. pait.) Gaw. gloss. 374; clattered (pre(.) iiidj. 
m. p. 106; datertsd (pret. part.) ,^hattered", W^. gloss. 219. 

clap, ASax.c\ka, OFris. kl&th, O/cei. klaedi, MffGerm. 
kleit, cloth, Orm. 3208; clod a. r. 418; clop Bek. 691; 
C'Aowc. C. I. 7215; cUpes (pi.) /w. 1803; clAdes (elopes) 
tas. 2367; ciaden (dot. pi.) 3187. 

cUpen, ^Saa-. clMian, dothe, Orm. 2710;, cl&the pr. 
■of consc. 3553; clopen Gow. conf. am. 2, 227;' 0am. 72; 
ciepe R'i-. spec. 37; Iw. 1787; cladde (pj-et.) jBwA. 3097; 
cledde met. horn. 87; clodinde (part.) a. r. 16. 

cUping dothing, Orm. 19074; eloping La^. 3187*; 
doping ant. ArOi. 9, 2. 

clau, ASaa:. clavu, ctft, clea, cleo, OSax. clawa, ODutch 
klauwe, OJ^Ws. klewe, OJce?. kl6 ^ kloer, OHGerm. chloa 
pt chlawen, cia«>, W^r. woe. 87; „ciaw or cl6 ungida", 


no claver 

prompt, parv. 80; cleo? Wart. hist. I, 26; clawe(pZ.?) owl 
and night. 153; clawes (pi.) Oi-m. 1225; ^/w. 2186; clees 
ifaW. 198; Gaw.conf. am. 2, 39; clees, cleen VVid. glosa. 

claver, ASasc. claefer, ODtUch klayer, klever, owed. 
klofver, clover, Ilalliw. diet. 253. 

claver? claw, cleafrea (j)/.) a. r. 102; see cliver, 

clayeren, Dutch klaveren, Ueveren, Dan. klavre, da- 
ver, clamber: hweder pe cat of helle clavrede ever toward 
hire a. r. 102; claverande on heghe Hallito. diet. 253. 

clawen (clawiii), ASax. clavian, OHOerm. klawen, 
cLaw, clutch, „8calper^\ prompt, parv. 80 ; via. /*, P. 307 ; 
11743; clawed {pret.) Chauo. C. t. 4324. 

cleche (cliche)? cleek, claw; cleches (pi.) a. r. 174*; 
»ee cloche, 

clechen (clechen?), deach {deak'), snatch, (cleche) Hal- 
liw. diet. 253; (r. w. spfehe) Sont 963;' i»-. w. leche) c. 
of I. 734; penae sir Gauan bi pe coier cleehea pe knijt 
onL Ank. 48, 7; cleke (r. w. cheke) lio. 2478; clekis 
Oaw. gloss. 374; clahte [pret.i a. n 102*; claugbt Qauj. 
gloss.; claht [part, i Wr. spec. 37; see clucchen. 

cleken, Oloel. klekja,Aa(cA; clekit (jjort.) Town. myst. 

clemieu? OSax. clemmiaa, OHGerm. chlemmen, from 
clam, close, fasten; clemid {part.) llalliic. diet. 254. 

clenchen (clenchin), OHGerm. chleukea, clench, prompt 
parv. 80; clencbe oiel and night. 1204; is (his) har]>e be 
gan clenche Horn 1488; idenched (part.) Ckauc. C. t. 

clSne, ASax. claene (^mundus, purus^, OSax. kISne 
( eaM/wj, OZ/Germ. chleiner (^aubtilis), clean, pure, „mu7idus', 
promji. parv. 80; Orm. 1590; Chauc. C. t. 506; cleane 
a. r. 2; claene (cleane) Im^,. 6290; cMne Hartsh. met. i. 
206; ae mai ad mancl^ne t^MaBek. 128; clenDer {comp.') 
via. P. P. 13457; clennest 8992. 

clflnllche cleanly, Bek. 130; cr. F. P. 456; clAnli Gaw. 

clengea contract; cleagez {pres.) Gaw. gloss. 37 i; clen- 
ged ipret) ibid. 

clennes, ASax. claeniiess, cleanness, purity, lud. Cov. 
204; cl^nuesse a. r. 164; prompt, parv. SO; cl&nnes Qaw. 
gloss.; claennesse (ace.) Orm. 4598. 

clSnseii, ASax. claensian, cleanse, a, r. 314; Orm. 


ciensing 111 

1343; clfinain prompt, pan. 81; clause vis. P. P. 4005; 
cl^nfii SAoreA. 50 ; <^&aai owl and night. %\(i; comjHM. iclgosen. 

cl^nsing, ASax. claensung, cleanaing, Orm, 15006. 

cleoven (cleove), ASax. cleofan, Olcel. kliufa, OHGerm. 
chliuban, cleave, findere. Mis. 7702; cl^Yen Kath. 2027; 
clgfe (c, r. „clewe" = cl4ve?) pr. come. 6736; cUve flofc. 
Br. 188, 9; cleef (clSf) Ipret.) Alia. 3708; Tritt. 3, 8; vis. 
P. P. 12135; Mtmd. 86; claef La^. 21390; cloven (pai-(.) 
Chauc. C. t 2936; Jfan<2. 95; lud. Cw. 46; clofen Orm. 
1224; compof. tocl^Ten. 

clepieu, ASax. clipian, cleopian, clypian, cidl, Kaih. 
2199; clepien (cleopie) La-T,. 2498; cleopien a. r, 260; 
clepen Ot^. 15325; clepin aOocar^', prompt, parv. 81; «. 
s. Wr. 1452; clepe Chauc. C. t. 645; clipie Bek. 474; 
clupie Rob. Gtouc. 322, 18; clepede [pret.) Octmi. 759; 
cleopede Mcerh. IS; clepeden Orm. 12978; clepiden Wicl. 
John 9; cleped (part.) via. P. P. 5637; Mand. 305; Tor. 
341; ciept Hoed. 1, 225; icleped Chauc. C. t. 869; icli- 
petl Brand. 7; compos. bicleopieD. 

cleppen, ODutch kleppeu (pubare, sonare), from clap, 
„titmire", prompt, pan. 81, 

cl6r, OFr. cler, clear, Wr. treat. 133; pe ciiere light 
Lidg. m. p. 216. 
clmlche clearly. Brand. 20, 

clerc, OFr. clerc, c^&, clerc, clarc (cleark) L05. 39; 
29748; clerk a. r. 318; CAawc. C. t. 482; c!ark IKr, p. 
s. 211. 

clete (clete?), cmp. OHGerm. chletta, ctiledda (2appa), 
cleat f plappa", Wr. voc. 191; see clote. 

cl6te cleat (elate), wedge, „CKneua^, prompt, parv. 81; 
(aec.) tranaact. 18, S4. 

kl6ve, ASax. cleofa, chamber, „eubde^, ps. 35, 6; klevea 
(pi.) 4, 6. 

cl e vi e n (cleTC), ASax. cleofian, OHGerm. chlebeu, 
cUaoe, haerere, pa. 93, 20; lud. Cov. 54; clevep (pres.) Wr. 
treat. 137; cleovied LaT,. 9389; clevede (pret.) Bek. 2142; 
clcTed Ifoccl. I, 31; clevet ant. Arth. 40, 13. 

clew? cleugh, ravinef clewes (pi.) Gaw. gloaa. 374j pe 
clewes and pe clifes Hedliw. diet. 266; see clow. 

clewe, ASax. cleove, cliVe, OHGerm. cbllwa, chliuwa, 
dew, clewe (clowe) „glomuB", prompt, parv. 83; elowe oud 
and night 578. 

:, Google 

112 dif 

clif, ASaw. ciif, deof, Olcd. kli^ dif, cUf (def) La^. 
192G; di£fe, defe prompt parv. 81; dife, defe {daL) Eg- 
lam. 379; 415; clive U beaus disc. 1163; kliffes (pi.) pa. 
113, 8; deves Ckauc. leg. g. worn. 1466; eUven (dat. pi.) 
Alii. 5429. 

clift clifl (cleft), clift (diff) „nma", prompt, parv. 81; 
dift (ciif) „foitrchur^',. Wr. voc. 148; difte {da(.) Chauc. 
- C. t 7727; diftus (^.) Wicl. gloat. 

climbea, A8ax. dimban, OHGerm. chlimban, dimh, 
a. r.liO; Orm.11860; Chauc.C, t. 10420; dimme iSAoreA. 
3; damb (prd.) Percev. 1223; dam «. s. BV. 851; domb 
a. r. 354; pu dumbe La^. 21439; heo dumbeii 94S0; a. 
r. 244; idumben {paH.) 216. 

clingen (dingin), 4Saar. dingan (marcere), dt7tg,ehrink, 
dry up, „riger«", prompt, parv. 82; dinge owl and night. 
743; Alia. 915; iut/. Cow. 54; dingest rw. P. P. 9011; 
dingej) Wr. spec. 85; his beli dinges pr.consc. 823; dun- 
gen was his diek met. horn. 88 ; compos, fordingeii. 

clinken, ODutch klinken, dink, Wr. p. s. 189; din- 
kin prompt, parv. 81 ; p&i hSrd ft belle cfinke Ohauc. C. 
t. 14079. 

klint dim, d0; klintes (pi.) IlaUiw. diet. 497. 

clippen, Olcd. klippa,ciip, shear, Orm. 4106; dippin 
„tondere", prompt, parv. 82 ; cUppe Wid. gloss. 1 1 ; Chauc. 
C. t. 3326. 

clipper dipper, shearer, Rob. Br. 238, 5; dippare 
„tonsor*^, prompt, parv. 82. 

clive (cUve?), ASax. cUf (dif?), OHGerm. chliba (lap- 
pa); compos, gftrdlve. 

cliven (dlyin), ASaa:. t^isLn, O/TGej-m. kliban (kaerere), 
Oleel. klifa (scandere), dive, kaerere, prompt parv. 82; 
dive vis. P. P. 7010; klive ps. 93, 20*; daif (pret.) „clo- 
ve", Oaw. gloss. 

cliver daw; divre (dot.) owland night 78; divres ipl.) 
81; see daver. 

cliver, ASax. clyfer? clever, keen, rel. ant. I, 213. 

cloche (doche?) dutch, daw, cloches (pi.) Mapes 338; 
douches vis. P. P. 308; clokes a. r. 102; pr. cause. 6936; 
Town, myst 324; see cleche. 

clogge dog, „iruncus", prompt, parv. 83. 

cloke, Ir. Qad. cioca, cleoca, cloak, prontpt. parv. 83; 
(dat.) Chauc. C. t 2001. 


clokke 113 

clokke, Olcd. klokka, klukka, OftrfcA klocke, clocle, 
prompt, parv. 83 ; at VII of pe clokke wills and invent. 17. 

clokkiu, cluck, prompt, parv. 83. 

clond, Olcd. kland, harm, injury, La^. 11704. 

closin dose, prompt parv. 83. 

clot, ASaa. clot, Dutch klot, klotte, OHGerm. cloz? 
cZoi (clod), a. r. 140; rel. songs 5, 73; clott „gleba", Wr. 
voc. 239; clotte, clodde „gld)a'\ prompt, parv. 83; clotte 
(tloL) a. r. 254; clottis (^.) „glebae'\ Wiol. gloss. 

clote, ASax. c]a,t& lblitiMn,lappa'), dote (claut), JLappa'^, 
Wr. voc. 91; prompt, parv. 83; rel ant. 1, 37; 
11; take pe rote of pe klote Nalliw. dicL 497; cloote leef 
Chauc. C. I. 12505; see clete. 

cloterin (cloderin), ODutch klotteren, dotter, „coagu- 
lare'\ prompt parv. 83 ; clotered (clottered, clopred) blood 
Chauc. C. t. 2747. 

cloude cloud, „nvhes^\ prompt, parv. 84; Bek. 1416; 
cloude {dot.) Alis.m; cloudeu (jp/.) Wr.treat. 136; clou- 
des ps. 17, 12. 

cloudi doudy, prompt, parv. 84; Brand. 23; Lidg. 
m. p. 139. 

clout (cloute?) = cliit? clout, blow, Gav>. gloss. 374; 
Isumh. 619; hid. Cov. 98. 

clove, ASax. clufu (spicaf), dove; clove of g&rl^ 
prompt, parv. 84. 

clow dough, ravine, Htdliw. diet. 257; clough Triat. 2, 
59; does {pi.) ant. AHh. 12, 7; see clew. 

clubbe, Olcel. klubba, dub, „fustis", promptparv. 84; 
„pedvm", Wr. voc. 240; Lan,. 26062; clobbe Triat. 3, 4; 
clubbes {pi.) Iw. 3200. 

clubbid clubbed, nrudis", prompt, parv. 84, 

cluchen, from cloche? dtUck: to cluccbe or t8 clawe 
vis. p. p. 11743. 

cliid. ASax. did, rocJfc, ia^. 1915; doude {dat.)f Wr. 
spec. 44; dudes {pi-) Orm. 2656; Oiol and night. 999. 

clftdi3, ASax. clddig, rocky, Orm. 2754. 

clumsen be nwnbed or dull, torpere: pou domsest for 
cold vis. P. P. 9010; clumsid {paH.) Wid. gloss. 12; he 
is outher clomsed or wod jw. consc. 1651; compos, aclumsen. 

cluppeu, ^iSoiC. clyppan, clip, clasp, embrace, a. r. 
424; cluppe Wr. spec. 38; dippe Horn 1362; vis. P. P. 
11744; cleppe Octov. 585; cluppuf (prea.) Alis. 7640; 


114 clflBe 

clippip CAoMfl. 0. (. 10287; clupte {pret.) Laj. 6011; Bek. 
288; compos, bicluppen. 

clftse, ASox. clfis, OHGerm. chllisa, sluice? (dat.) a. 
r. 72; clouse prompt, parv. 84. 

cltkBen, ASax. cl^san, dose; c\taden (pret.) La^. 9760; 
compos. bidHsen. 

cluster, ASax. cluster, clyster, clusl^, „Poxpu5", Wr. 
voo, 277; clustir (cloBter) „raeemus", prompt, pare. 84; 
clustree (plA Man^. 168. 

clfit, ASao!. cliit, Olcel. kiatr, Welsh clwt, clout, a. r. 
256; rel. iongs 5, 68; clo\it ,^anmculus,pict(unwm", prompt, 
parv. 84; ahoreh. 15; Mand. 293; & wollen clout j4^w. 
4459; cMtee (pi.) Oi-m. 3327; cloutea MaTtd. 112; scbe 
rent it al to cloutes Chauc. C. t 9827; compos, ewepel-, 

clitien, ASax. cMtian, clout, patch; cloutin „sarcire", 
prompt, parv. 84; cMtie (prea. mbj.) a. r. 236; iciouted 
(part.) vis. P. P. 3914; compos, biclfltien. 

knafe, ASax. cnafa, OHGerm. ehnabe, knave, hoy, met. 
horn. 131; cnave Imt,. 292; knave Wr. treat. 139; Vhaiic. 
C. t. 3434; Havel.i68; Flor. 2095; Tor. 2008; is youre 
child & knave Mar. mir. pi. 128; pe kokes knave a. r. 
880; knight, swain and knave Alts. 7968; knavene (^en. 
pi) P. P. p. 515. 
Knavecbild male okUd, Wid. gloss. 

knagg, StDed. knagg, Dan. knag Ir. Gael, cnag, knag, 
hwt, peg, Flor. 1795. 

knak? Olcel. knakkr (,^ra)c") Fritenet^a ordb., knack, 
crack; k^akkes (pi.) Ckauc. G. t. 4049. 

knap, ASax. cnaepp (top), OPria. knap, OIcA. knappr 
(tutfonj, Wdiih Ir. Gael, cnap {knob, hiU), knap, top, but- 
ton; knappes {pi.) vi%. P. P. 4342. 

knape, ASax. cnapa, OPria. knapa, 03ax. cnapo, Olcd. 
knapi, boy, a. ». Web. 930; Oow.conf. am. 3, 321; cnapea 
(gen.) Orm. 4106; see knafe. 
cnapechild Orm. 7895. 

knarre, cwip. OHGerm. ODuich knorre. (tuber), knar, 
knot, crag, Gaw. gloss. S92; Chauc. C. t. 551; knaires 
(pi.) Wicl. gloss. 25; owl and night 999. 

knarri knotty, Chauc. C. t. 1979. 

cn&wen, ASax. cnfl,van pret.ciieov, {OHGerm. chafihtai 
pret. chn&ta], cmp. Olcel. knA, kn&tta, Lat. (g)n6vi, n6tuS( 


cnftwe 115 

Gr. ptuvtw, Ritss. 3Kaini,, hnow, Orm. 1314; kn&we Savd. 
2785; pr. cowac. 429; kuiun notes p. 266; kti4ue arU. 4rth. 
19, 12; knowen WiU. gloss. 232; knowe vis. P.P. 13360; 
cnouen rel. ant. 1, 172; knoue Avd. 43; cneow {prel.) 
Orm. 12584; kneow Alis. 113; cneou io^. 17069; kiidw 
?>w. P. P. 7580; kndu £o6. G/omc. 315, 2; ^om 1151; 
knowen BM. P. P. 7729; knaweii (part.) /lo. 2666; ^. comsc. 
444; knowen Mand. 2; knowe l^i^i. gloss.; compos, a^, 
bi-, icnSrwen. 

cnfLwe = cnAwen (known) f 
knowlecLe krmoledge, Chauc. C. t. 14441; fed. Co». 93; 
kn6wleche,kn6uleche Mind. 134; 313; knowlffiche Aud.\9; 
kafi.wl5ge ■ Pw-cff. 1052. 

knonlschin acknowledge, ,,faten", prampt.paiv. 280; kadu- 
Xsche Mand. 120; knouttche lud.Cov. 67; "cn&wl5ched(pres.) 
Katk. 1352; knowelSchen Chauc. C. t. Tyr. p. 118; kno- 
welechide {pret) Wid. John 9; knowehched vis. P. P. 
3435; knoulecheden Will, gloss. 

knouleching acknowledging, Gow. conf. am. 2, 23; cn&w- 
lechinge {dat)Kalh. 1388; cnoulechunge {ace.) a. r. 92. 

kn.fl,wing, ASax. cn4vung, knowing, knowledge, pr. consc. 
145; cnowunge a. r. 280. 

knedin, ASax. cnedan, OIIGerm. chnetan, knead, 
prompt, parv. Z7& ; knede CAawc O.t. 4092; CDedest (pre*.) 
Orm. I486; kneden (paH.) a. r. 217. 

cneo, ASax.camiy), OSax. cnio, ff otA. knin, OIIGerm. 
chniu, OFris. knS, kni, Olcel. kne, hnee, rel songs 5, 228; 
kn6 Eglam. 1279; to pe nlpe cne {degree) Hick. thes. 1, 
226; in pe t4pe kne Bob. Glouc. 228, 17; kuewe (pi.) 
Trist. 2, 103; kneon Wr. treat. 139; cneon {ace. pi.) Mark. 
9; failed a cneon a.r. 16; kneis (pi.) Octav. 52; knowes 
via. P. P, 3192; o cnewes Orm. 6467; caeon {dot. pi.) 
Lai,. 4996; pe king iaei on cneouwen 32046. 

cneolien (cneolin), ODutch knielen, kneel, Mark. 20; 
cnfilen Orm. 6138; kn61e; Eglam. 1279; cneoled 
{pres. imper.) a. r. 18; cneoulede (pref.) La^. S9654; 
kneulede Bek. 540; knSlede H^r, spec. 106. 

knicche, lenitck, hunch, bundle, Wid. gloss. ^5 1 knocbea 
of hai Hich. 2985. 

cnif, ASax. cidf, Olcd.. knifr, ODutch knijf, knife, 
Orm. 4128; knlf a. r. 282; Wr. spec. 102; ^iis. 1061; 
AfaW. 51; knifes (p?,) Ckauc.C. t. 333; knives a. r. 212. 

:, Google 

116 cuilit 

cniht, ASaw. cniht, cneoht, OFris. kiiecht, OHGerm. 
chuelit, knight, servant, owl and night. 1573; knilit Horn. 
508; knicht WaH. hist. 2, 2; knight Chauc. C. t 4 3, 
knist, knistli Deyrev. 1506; 1528; knihte (da«.) a. r. 86; 
cnihtes {pi:) Orm. 8185. 
kDihthod knighthood, Horn 543. 

knihten knight, Horn 640. 

knobbe (knob?), Dan. knub, Swed. kaubb {nodns, (w- 
ber), knob, knot, prompt, pare. 280; p6 knobbes sitting on 
his cheekes Chauc. C. t 635. 

knobbel (knoble), ODut^ knobbel, knohUe (kmibhle), 
knot, prompt, pare. 280. 

knok knock, via. P. P. 6262; knokk Alia. 1621; Triam. 
331; knokkes (pL) Wr. s. a. c. 66. 

knokkin, ASax. cnoci&n, caucian, 0/ce/. knoka, Wdah 
CQOciaw, knock, „puUare", prompt, parv. 280; knokke (im- 
per^) Chauc. 0. t. 3432; kuokede {pret.) s. s. Wr. 1420; 
knokked via. P. P. 3268; knoked {part.) Min. 10. 

knokil, ASaa. cnucl, OFt-ia. ODutch knokel, knuckle, 
„7iodiia", Wr. voc. 186; „condylu^\ prompt, parv. 280; 
knokelis {pi.) rel. ant. I, 190. 

knolle, ASaa:.ciio]\.{cacufnen), ODutchYnaWsi {glomua), 
MHQerm. knolle {tuber), knoll, knob, prompt, parv. 280; 
knolles „colleii", ps. 64, 13. 

knoUen, cmp. (rerm. knalleu, knoU, „puisar^', prompt 
parv. 280. 

knop, knoppe, OFrts. knop {tuxIus), OHGerm. chnoph 
(id.), Dan. knop {gemma), Swed. kuopp {id.), ODvtch 
knoppe {nodiLS, hulla, gemma), knop, button, bud; knop 
lud. Cov. 245; I. c. c. 39; pe knop of pe kn^ ^r. voc. 
208; knoppe „bulla, nodua, fibula, gemma", prompt, paro. 
280; knoppe {dot) wills and invent. 35; knoppes {pi.) 
Chauc. r. r. 1080; 1683; knoppis of crystal Degrev. 1494. 

knotte, ASax. caotta, ODutch knntte, knot, „nodus", 
prompt. parv. 280 ; Chauc. C. t. 10715; (dat.) a. r, 2;cnot- 
te8 (^i.) .KtrtA. 1157; knottea Jtfand. 190;knotten £efc. 1879. 

knottel, ODutch hauttel {tTiber),knottle, knobble; knot- 
tiles {}d.) Halliu). diet. 498. 

onottien, ASax. cnottian, knot; cnotted {part.) Kath. 
1551*; iknotted a. r. 420. 

cnotti knotty, Kath. 1157*; knotti prompt. parv. 280. 

cnul, ASax. CDyll, Welsh cuuli, kneil, rel. ant. 2, 277. 


cnnUen 117 

cnallen, ASasr. cayUaa,MHGenn.knvilea(atrilce),ring; 
kmlle Percev. 1348; conat of mas. 689;kTiulled(^»ar(.)(ArowM, 
Wr. p. s. 193. 

cnurned hnurled: to his cnurnede cneon Mark. 10; 
kiiorned „rwgged" , Gaw. gloss. 

cnutten, ASa«. cnyttau, knit, tie; knitten wis. P. P. 
337; knittin „nodare", pj-ompf. parv 279; knitte his browes 
Chauc. C. t. 1130; knut {pres.\ a. r. 396; knutte (pret) 
Alia. 2251; kuette Gow. conf. am. 2, 30; knitted {part.) 
jw. COTMC. 7215; icnut Kath. 1525. 

cob, Welsh cob? cob, head, chief;, cobbis {^pl.) HaUiw. 
diet. 259. 

cobel cobble. 
<Mbi\si^n cobble-stone, „rudus", Wr.voc. 256; prompt. part). 84. 

cobeiere cobbler, „&artor", prompt.parv. 84; dm. P. P. 

cocken (cocke) cock, brawl? Wr. p. s. 153; he wole 
grennen, cocken & chideu rel. ant. I, 188; mon pat sip 
briddes cokkinde 1, 262. 

cocker (cokker) cocker,brawler, eock-fgkter f Town.myst. 
242; cocker, p^f & horeling rel ant. I, 188. 

cod (codde), j^iStKC. codd {pera) Ettm. lex., ODutch kod- 
de {colevs) Kil., Olcel. koddi („pWe") Fritsner'a ordb., 
cod, „siliqua, testicvltts", prompt, parv. 85; Chauc. C. i. 
13949; Town. myst. 84; codde (dot.') owland night. 1122; 
coddes ^siltguis", Wicl. Liike 15, 16; coddis {cushions) of 
silke HaUito. did. 262; compos, ballok-, p^scod. 

code (coode), OSGerm. cuti (gluten)? cobbler's wax, 
ffaUiw. diet. 262; prompt.parv. 85; coode „pice", Wiel.gloss. 

codule, ASax. cudele, cuttle-fish, „sepia^, prompt parv. 
.codling codling, prompt, parv. 85; Hartsh. met. t. 118. 

cofre, OFr. cofre, cqfcr, (dat.) c. of I. 992. 

cog, Ir. Welsh cog, cog, tooth, Wr. voe. 233; (cogge) 
prompt parv. 85; cogge (daf.) owl and night 86. 

cog (cogge), Dutch kog, cmp. OHGerm. kocho^ OFr. 
coque, Ir. Gael, coca, Welsh cwch (cue), cock, boat; cogge 
(ace.) MaUiw. diet. 262; (dot.) Chauc. leg. g. worn. 1477; 
cogges {pi.) Rich. 4784. 
cogboot prompt, parv. 

coint, OFr. coint, qaaint, cunning, artful. Will, gloss. 
220; Craw, gloss. 375; koint, cwoint a. r. 140; 294; se 
cointe {v. r. m icudd) keiser Kath. 580; quoint Mapes 


118 coite 

337; pe quointe s^ke Boh. Olouc. 105, 5; queint Ckauc. 
C. t. 5943. 

coite mwt, prompt, parv. 86. 

cok, ASax.cocB 0), 0Tcel.k6kT,coek,Mand. 91', Ckauc. 
C. t. 3357; coc owl and night 1677. 

kok (kok?), A8ax. coc, UHQerm. coch, cook, Wr. spec. 
101;. Havd. 903; cook Ckauc. C. t. 2022; Lidg.m. p. 217; 
kuk Wr. voc. 211; cokes {pi.) La^. 3315. 

cokil, ASaa. cocel, coekle, Wid. gloss. 12; rd. ant. 2, 
80; (cokkil) Lidg. m. p 149. 

cokeuei cockney, young cock? vis. P. P. 4371; Percy's 
rd. 95 ; cokenei, coknei „qwiddiciia a matrenutritvr", prompt, 
parv. 86; cokenai Chaitc. C. t 4206. 

coker, ASax. cocor {pharetra, vagina), OFris. ODvtch 
koker {tkeca, pharetra), OHGerm. chochar X^phardra), cocker, 
qtiiver, La^. 6470; cokir, cociir „cothumus", prompt, parv. 
84; cokeres {pi.) vis. P. P. 3915. 

coker coker, reaper? cokers {pi.) P. P- P- 514. 

coker in, Wdah cocru (indulge), cocker, coddle, prompt, 
parv. 85. 

col, ASax. col, Olcel kol, coal, La^. 2366; Chauc. C. 
t. 2694; cole (/. w. hole = hoi) s. a. Wr. 2170; {r. w. 
pole) pr. come. 6762; coles (pi) Mand. 101; coolis Wid. 
John 18. 

colblak owl and night. 75, 

? colmnse, ASax. colmase (parra) Wr. voc. 62, ^alcedo", 
prompt, parv. 88. 
colrake Wr. voc 276. 

c61, ASax. col, OHGerm. chuoler, cool, (cole) prompt, 
parv. 87; Mand. 305; c6Ie rSd Boh. Glouc. 131, 8; coul 
Skoreh. 105. 

col, ASax. caul, cavl, OTcd. k3,l, OHOerm. chol, choli, 
Xa(. cauUs, co/e (caie), i. C. c. 48 ; cftl (nkftle") J*rf. cnt 1, 
52; coul (jicowle") Mar. mir. pi. 8. 
cBlepIante vis. P. P. 4374. 
cAlstok prompt, parv. 58. 

colder colder, refuse, prompt, parv. 86. 

cfllien (colin, coien), ASax. colian, OHGerm. chuolen, 
cool, „frigefacere", prompt parv. 87; Gaw. gloss. 374; 
compos, a-, forcolen. 

CO ling cooliTig, Wicl. gloss. 

colyere collier, Octov. 495; colyer prompt, parv. 87; 

coloppe 119 

coljer Wr. voc. 213. 

CO Ik (coike?), cmp. iJwtcA klok (-huia), eouk (coke), core; 
colke fdat.) Town. myst. 281 ; (acc.J pr. consc. 6445. 

colioppe, cmp. Swed. kalops, coltop, prompLparv. 88; 
coloppes (pi.) WW. P. P. 4372. 

colok coUock, ncantharus", Wr. voc. 257. 

colour, OFr. coulour, colow, Skoreh. 26. 

colt, ASaie. colt {?), cdt, „pullua", prompt parv. 88; 
Chauo. G. t. 3263 ; Lidg. m. p. 235. 

comb, ASax. cumb, ODatch kom, comi (coomb); coum 
prompt, parv. 97. 

con, i^r. Lo(. con. 
confermi confirm, Bek. 481, 

comanden Cf»?»nan(i; comaunde (prea.) c. of I. 956. 
cumpas, Fr. compas, compaaa, circle, c. of I. 739. 
conseil counsel. Hoed. I, 76; consail Bek. 881; couusaile 
pr. consc. 5943, 

Tninaenten consult, a.r. S72; consentede (pret.) Bek. 1871. 
cootro van coretriue, devise; controvea ipres.) pr.c&nac.l56l; 
contreveden {pret.) via. P. P. 11079. 
coveiten covet, a. r. 60; covaites (prea.) pr. ct>n«c. 7534. 

conig, coning, Oi^r, connin, con^; conigMtn.37; coning 
Will, gloss. 219. 

conningere (-erpe) warren, prompt, parv. 90 ; coulageris 
(pi.) Lidg. m. p. 171. 

contre, Fr. contree, courOry, La^. 1282*; Hand. 244; 
contrai Bek. 241; cuntre Wart. hist. 1, 17; Chauc. C. 
t 218. 

cop, ASax. copp (calix, culmen), OFria. OButch kop 
(testa, caput), Olcel. koppr (testa, patera), OSGerm. choph 
(crater), Welsh cop (cidineti), cop, head, top, La^. 7781 ; 
Wr. p. s. 70; rel. ant. 1, 144; Wid. gloss. 12; (coppe) 
„caCTtmem", prompt, parv'. 9 1 ; ])e COp of pe hille Mand. 1 7 ; 
coppe (rfat.) Chatich. off. 1166; M ponecoppe (the later 
text has toppe) he bine nom Z^j. 684; from pe tiirea 
coppe a. r. 228. 

cop (coop), 08ax. copa, OSGerm. chtiopba, coop, 
„xu!pt>(", Wr. voc 178. 

GOpen, j^iSaa-. copian? cope, exchangef Lidg. m. p. 105. 

coper (copir), ODutch koper, Olcd. kopar, OSGerm. 
chupher. Lot. cuprum, copper, Wr. voc 255; Chauc. C. t. 


130 copnien 

copnien dewire, long: ich copni(e-. pi cume Mark. 21; 
pat cleoped me and &ipue3.Katk. 2378; k^ped and copnecT 
pi come 2457. 

copenere, ASax. copenere, from copnien, lover, owl 
and night. 1340; copinere Rob. Glow;. 335, 7; copiner a. b. 
Web. 2225. 

copped copped, crested : coppid as ft lark HaUiw. diet. 269. 

cops, ASatcco^pi, cosp, eopa{cosp), „pe»auhis, compea", 
Wr. voc. !)5; cospe prompt pars. 238. 

cor (core) core, aacram. 757; core(dat.) lAdg. m. p. 43, 

COrien, ODvtch koeren (yetnere), complaint compos. 

corn, ASax. OSaa. corn, OFria. Olcel, korn, OHGerm. 
chom, Goth, kaurn, com, (jrain, Orm. 1500; Shorek. 32; 
Wr. p. s. 342; come (pi.) Chauc. h. off. 698; comes 
pr. conaa. 3420. 
conistak Roh. Br. M. 416. 

corner, OFr. cornier, comer, Mand. 217, 

cor 8, OPr. core, corps, body, Gaw. gloss. 375; Wicl. 
gloss. 12; vis. P. P. 9631. 

cosche coak, cot, prompt, parv. 94. 

cost, ASax. cost {modus) Bout ev. gloss., OFris. kost 
(victus'), Olcd. kostr (optio,- conditio), OHGerm. chost 
(^elfctio, aestimatio), Goth, kustus {8oxi[i.i)), from cheosen, 
tAoice, manner, ^tudity, Gaw. gloss. 375; vis. P. P. 1491; 
per naes cost nftn 63bt La^. 18166; needes cost necessa- 
rily, Chcaic.'C. t. 1479; coates (pi.) rei. ««(. 1, 178 * 226; 
Shorek. 10; wje(. horn. 147; costua Degrev. 364; son sum 
ic was waxen man, pk flaeh i childes costes Orm. 8056; 
compos, far-, or-, uncost. 

cost, MHGerm. ODutch kost {svmpttia, expensum), OFr. 
const? cost, expense, Chauc. C. t. 806; Hardw. poem 40, 
7; Lidg. m. p. 208; coates (pi.) Wrci, ^Zoas. 12; Bocd. 
1, 362. 

coste, OFr. coste, Xaf. coata, cotwi. Tor. 1419. 

costen, 0/ccZ. koata, MHGerm. ODutch kosten, ASax. 
costian, costan (tentare, probare)f OFr. couster? Lat. 
constare? cmp. Welsh costiaw, Bret, kouata, Gael, coad 
IspcTtd), cost, spend: he schal coaten pe ful deore c. of I. 
1092; coste „impende", Wid. deeds 21; itcostip natmekil 
Lidg.m. p.l52; costed (pret.) vis.P.P. 405; coste CAomc. 
C. t 1910; and jret wolde i swere pat it coste me muche 


costnien 121 

moore vis. P.P. 8793; if pou have Sjt on hur coat aoow. 
Jrtk. 28, 3. 

costnien, ASax. costnian {teniare, prohare), try: icost- 
ned (pafi.) La^. 2+669; cost: costnede (^pret.) a. r. 290; 
coatned (part.) via. P. P. 406. 

cot, A8ax.cot, Oleel. kot, ODutch kot,kote, cmp. Wdsk 
cut, cwt, cot, „ceUa", Wr. voc. 95; kot a. r. 362; cote 
„ca»a!*, Wr. voc. 273; coote prompt, parv. 96; cote (dot) 
Chauc. C. t. 2459; eotes {pl^ Wid. gloss. 12; vis. P. P. 

cote, OFr.coie, cotte, Ir. Gael, cota? OHOerm. cozo, 
cozzo? coat, „tttntca", Wr. voc. 238; Gow, conf. am. 2, 
47; coote Wicl. gloss. 12; Ckawc. C. t. 103. 

cflte (coote) coo(, „mergws'*, Wr.voc. 188; 253; prompt, 
parv. 95; Wid. gloss. 12. 

CO tier cottager, P. P. p. 526. 

cotoiin, Fr. coton, cotton, Mand. 212. 

c6p, ASax. cod (morbus), swooning, prompt.parv. 96. 

couard, OFr. coiiard, coward, (coward) Alis. 2108; 
harrow. 140. 

coutel, ASaa. ceoQ(corbis)f Bret. ^ve\{panier, masse)? 
hasketf couflea (pi.) Rob. Glouc. 265, 9; see coul. 

cough? ODutch kuch, cough; COghe prompL parv. 97; 
cowe Wr. voc. 267. 

coughen, ODvtdi MHGemi. kuchen (kfichen?), cough, 
Chauc. C. t. 10082; cowghen, cowhin, covfen prompt. parv. 
97; Cftghip {2fres.)Flor.2iS; coughei (pret.) vis. P. P. 8237. 

cool (covi\), MHGerm. kuheX, Coop, tub, prompt. parv. 37. 

coupe, ODutch kuipe, Lat. cdpa, tub, ^cupa", prompt, 
parv. 99; coop, rel. ant. 1, 4; see cop. 
capeful c. of l. 1278. 

couper, ODutch kuiper, cooper, Wr.voc. 212; coupare 
prompt, parv. 99. 

cotipen, Fr. couper, Ital. colpare (colpire), strike, ait: 
couped shonTor 193; galoches icouped vis. P. jP.12099; 
eompos. geincoupen. 

couren (coure), T^eM cwrian, cower, crouch, pi. t. 155; 
Flor. 785; konrip (jwea.) Alis. 2053; koured (part.) Will, 
gloss. 220. 

cover cover. 
kovercheef, OFr. couvre-, cueuvre-cheef, kerchief, head- 
doth, Lidg. m. p. 48; keverchef Chauc. (J. t. 455; cour- 


122 coveren 

johef Ealliw. diet 274; curchif Wr. voc. 238. 

coveren, OFr. covrir, cuevrir, cover, recover, pr.consc. 
8U; kevere Wid. gloss. 25; via. P. P. 14594. 

crabbe, ASax. crabba, ODufch krabbe, Olcel. krabbi, 
craft, „cancer", prompt, pare. 99 ; lAdg. m. p. 58 ; crabben 
(pi.) Alts. 4943; crabbe „malum sylvestre", prompt, parv, 
crabtrE Wr. voc. 192. 

crabbed crabbed, Ckauc. C. t. 9079; lAdg. m. p. 132; 
crabbede wordea vis. P. P. 5816. 

craccben, 0/^Gwm. chrazon ? cratch, scratch, vis. P. P. 
307; craccfain prompt jjOMi. 99; cracched (^pret.) Orph. 78. 

cradel, ASax. cradol, Ir. craidhal, GaeL creatball, 
cradle, a. r. 82; Alia. 3655; Ckauc. C. t. 2021; cradel, 
credel prompt, parv. 101; credel a. s. WV. 778; credile 
{dot.) Rob. Br. 243, 7. 

craft, A8ax.craeft, OSax. craft, OFris. kreft, OHQerm. 
chraft, Olcel. kraptr, crafi, power, art, {nom. ace.) La^. 
2818; Orm. 18809; Wiel. gloss. 13; Gkauc. C. t. 403; 
3189; Lidg. m. p. 162; creft Katk. 872; crafte (dat) pr. 
const. ^2 \2; pough he criede wip alle pe craft fat he coude 
Mand. 305; craftea (p(-) owl and night. 568; Percev. 560; 
creftes o. r. 78*; compos, leche-, wicchecraft. 
craftmon Lmt,. 28944; craftia-man Ckauc. G. t. 1899. 

craften (crafte), ASax. craeftan, attain? Skorek. 157; 
creftep ipres.) 2. 

crafti, ASax. craeftig, OHGerm. chreftiger, crafty, met 
kom. 2; crafti and Strang pr. corosc. 9088; creftiKotA. 125. 
craftihche craftily, WaH. hist 2, 76; craftili Iw. 3104; 
creftilnker (compar.) Katk. 260. 

crag, Ir. Welsh craig, Gael, creag, crag, rock ; cragge 
(dot.) Chauc. r. r. 4156; cragges {pi) pr. conac. 6393. 

crabien,_/r(»» crawe? Mark. 9. 

krak (krakke), ODutch krack, MHGerm. krach, crack, 
,^ragor", prompt, parv. 100; Alts. 641; li beausdisc. 962. 

kr&ke (krake?), Olcel. krSka, crake, crow, „comix^, 
Wr. voc. 188; s. s. Web. 3532. 

crakien, ASax. cracian (?3, ODutch kraken (kracken), 
MHGerm, krachen, crack, crepare, stridere, jactare; crake 
Rick. 5423; Flor. 92; rel. ant I, 2; crake, crakkin prompt, 
parv. 100; crakep (pres.) Skorek. 99; so chantep he and 
crakep Ckauc. C. t. 9724; pei craken Gow. cmf. am. 3, 
94; and craked bope bire legges vis. P.P. 12221; bflnea 

crallen 128 

per crakecien ia^. 1875; crakked (part.) Mm. 4. 

crallen curl? cralle fpre*. imper.') I. c. c. 35; cralled 
(pait.) ibid.; wip curious harneis quamtli crallit ^. t. 134. 

cram men, ASax. cra.m\maji, cram, stuff ; cra,mTaid(part.) 
WicLglosa. 13; ierammedwia. P. P. 82; Chauc. C. t. 13763. 

crampe, ODutch krampe, OHGerm. chramplio, cramp, 
^apasmus", prompt, pare. 100; {ace.) vis. P. P. 8697; 
Chauc. Troil. 3920. 

crane, ASaa:. cran, ODutch krane, crane, „grus", Wr. 
voc. 188; prompt, parv. 100; {acc.) Lidg. m. p. 154; cron 
(crane) La-7,. 20163. 

crank crank, reel, prompt, parv. 100, 

cr a.-aicrajmy, prompt. parv. 100; crania (p^.) »acro)n.710. 

crappe, ODutch krappe, crap, refuse, prompt, parv. 
100; crappis {pi) Wr. voc. 201. 

craschin erash, prompt parv. 100. 

crasen, Swed, krasa, craze: pe cablis crasen hartsh. 
met. t. 128; pe pot was craaed Chauc. C. t. 12862; covei- 
tise hap crasid 30ure croune dep. of R. 4, 21. 

crask = kaskP lusty, prompt, parv. 100. 

cravien fcraYin, crave), ASax. crafian, Olcel. krefja 
pret. krafda, crave, rpetere", prompt, parv. 101; C. of I. 
249; Wr. an.lit. 11; s. s. Web. 52; Iw. 2733; Hoccl. 1, 
432; crave (pres^ Wr. spec. 72; cravep Shoreh. 61; cra- 
ven (kraven) Will, gloss. 220; vis. P. P. 1802; icraved. 
(part.) a. r. 2*. 

crawe, Dan. krave, Germ. Swed. krage, Dutch l^aag, 
craw, f^roat, neck, prompt, parv. 101; WtW. gloss. 13. 

crSwe, ^Soir. cr4ve, OSax. cr&ia, OHGerm. chrfiia, 
chr4a, crow, „comix", Wr. voc. 188; crowe owl and night. 
126; Okauc. 0. t. 2694. 

criwen (crflwe), ASax. cr3.van, \OHOerm. chr&huQ 
pr«t chr4ta], crow, Wr. p. e. 238; crowe Wicl. John 13; 
crew (pret.) Wicl. John 18; crfiwe a. s. IFei. 2536; crowe 
(part.) lud. Cov. 278; icrowe Chavo. C. t. 3357. 

ereke, ASax. crecca, ODvtch kreke (vorago, crepido), 
creek. C'hauc. 0. t. 411; crike prompt, parv. 103: krike 
Savd. 708. 
crelle creel, „8porta", prompt, parv. 101. 
ere m p e n , ODutch krempen, MHQerm. krerapfen, cramp, 
amiract; crempe (-imper.) owl and ni^ht. 1786; compos. 


124 crenden 

crencleiifCn^. DwteA krinkelen, cnn^; crenUed (part.) 
Chatte. leg. g. warn. 200a 

crengien? Olcd. tringja? cringef crenchen (crenge) 
mit (wid) swire ifarh. 9. 

creopen (creope), viSox. creopan, OSax. criopan, OFr^is. 
kriapa, Oled. kriopa, ODiiteh kruipea, creep. Alia. 676 1 
crSpen £^3. 29313; crSpe pr. conae. 474; crope owl and 
night. 817; creop (imper.^ a. r. 292; creopinde (pres. 
paH.) ilarh. 1 1 ; creap (pret.) Hath. 908 ; crSp Alis. 57 1 ; 
». a. Wr. 479; krep s. a. c. 1, 16; crAp (creop) La^. 
S9S82; 30500; crop? avov. Arth. 65, 1; [>ou crope via. 
P. P. 1739; hi crope Bek. 3141; crepen? CAawc. C. t. 
7280; crope {j>r<t port.) Gow. conf. am. 1, 198; ChAuc. 
C. t. 4257; Lidg. m. p. 240. 

create, ASax. cressc, cerse, OHGerm. chreBSO, OlhUch 
kersse, creaa, nasttirtiufn, prompt, parv. I OS; crese Degrev. 
191; kerse Goto, 1, 299; is nogbt worp 4 keree 
via. P. P. 5629 ; compoa. watercresse. 

krevis, Fr. ecrevisse, eray-fiah, Lidg. m. p. 164. 

cri, Fr. cri, cry, Bek. 81. 

crib, ASax. cribb, Olhttch kribbe, CHGerm. crippa, 
crifc, ap{^. 97; cribbe Maxtd. 70; {did.) pr. conac. 5200; 
{ace) Orm. 3321. 

cri en (crie), MUGerm. krten, Fr. crier, cry, Brand. 
S2; crie(iinpcr.) a. r. 136; cride (pret.) »w. P. P. 12249; 
crlande (part.) Will, gloss. 

C^ikke (cnk?) trick, cramp, prompt, pare. 103; pou 
might stomble and take pe crik rel. ant. 2, 29. 

crimpel, /rom *crimpen, ODutck krimpen, OHQcrm. 
chrimphan {contraht), rimple, prompt, parv. 103. 

crimplin rimple, prompt, parv. 103. 

crisp, jliSaar. crisp, Lai. crispua, c»iJtp, Ma-nd. 168; his 
criape hfir Chauc. C. t. 2167; crips Wr. treat. 138; pe 
kirspe skin Lidg. m. p. 200. 

cristen, ASax. crieten, christian: &. cristen man via. 
P. P. 6827. 

cristene, ASax. eristeaa, christian, Shoreh. 56; cristen 
pr. consc. 4136; cristene {pi.) £.03. 29773. 
cristendDm Bek. 108; Skoreh. 5. 

cristnien, ASax. cristeaiaa, christett, Shoreh. 9; criat- 
nen {prea.) Orm. 13251. 

croche, Oi''r. croche, crosse, 7ta/. croccia, croofc; croche, 

crock 125 

cxoce „pedvm", prompt parv. 102 & 103; k bishopes crosse 
(croce) via. P. P. 5089; WaH. hist. 2, 70; croche crutch, 
f^ustentaculum'', Wr. voc. 277; Halliw. dicL 280; see 

crock, crocke, A8ax. crocc, crocca, Welsh croehan? 
crock, pot; crokk dep. of R. 10, 4; crocke „oUa", Wr. 
voc. 93; (dot.) a. r. 214; crokke Skorek. 106; (acc.) ma. 
P. P. 13516. 

crockere poUer, Wid. gloss. 13; crokkere Shoreh.lOG. 

croft, ASax. croft, croft, vis. P.P. 3662; lud. Cor. 36. 

crok (croke?), cmp ODutch irod {aracua), Swed-krak 
{guiaguiliae), croke, core, refuse, Wr. voc. 230; 267. 

crok (crook), ODutch krooke, OIceL krokr, crook, hook, 
turn, trick, „uncua'', Wr. voc. 237; Alts 4819; Lidg. ih. 
p. 217; cr6c(ncc.) Orm. 11635; Oil his bake hebar&crok 
Tor. 1018; crokes (pL) a. r. 266; Wr. spec. 105; crefti 
crokes Kath. 125. 

croken (crokin, croke), ODutch kroken, crook, „eur- 
vare*', prompt, parv. 104; Oow. conf. am. 2, 144; s. a. 
Wr. 609; crookeden (pret) Wicl. gloss. 13; crfiked (parL) 
owl and night. 80; Gate, gloas. 375. 

crone, ODutch krooie, Fr. carogne, crone, Ckauc C. 
t. 4852. 

cr6nen, 0HGerm.chr6nen, croon, roar; ye croine Mar. 
mir. ^. 133. 

crop (croppe), -4Saa!. cropp Oi>w(cA krop, kroppe, 07cci. 
kroppr, OHOerm chropll {atrvana), crop, craw, top, „cyma", 
Wr. voc. 229; prompt, parv. 104; vis. P. P. 10940; Mt 
hadde crop so &n heort Alis. 688; & tree ... of whilk 
pe crop es turned do(u)nward pr. conac, 663; pe crop of 
pe r^de brfire I. c. a. 42; in crop ant r6te Wr.spec. lOOj 
croppes (pi.) Ckauc. r. r. 1396. 

croppen (croppe), ODutch kroppeu {glviire), Olcel. 
kroppa (caipere), crop, cut off the crop ((op), Hariah. met. 
t. 167; ne is ase pe widi pet spnited ut pe betere pet 
me bine ofte cropped a. n 86; put in the crop {craui): 
croppep ml whete vis. P.P. 3859; croppede (pee* ) 10424. 

ores, Olcel. kross, OFr. croix, Lat. cms, cross, La'7,. 
31386; Kaih. 727; in pis purse wheper per b6 eni cros 
or crouche Halliio. dict.2^2\ creoiz (cros) a. r. 18; croiz 
Horn 1314; croiz, croice Bek. 959; 971; see cOiche. 

croiseu, Fr. croiser, cross; creoised {imper.) a. r. 64. 


126 crote 

crote, Dutch krotte, Fr.Crotte, dot, „glehula", prompt. 
parv. 105. 

croac\i&'[i cr(ntch,bow,{'prea^ cr. P. P. 602; seecrucchen, 

croude? crowd? 
croudewain, ODutch kruiwagen, crowd-, or wheel-barrow. 
Amis 1858. 

crouden (croudin, croude), aSox. crlidan? creodan 
pre*, cread, ODutch krui(d)en pret. krood, crowd, push, 
shove, prompt, parv. 106; Chauc. C. t. 5221; croudest 
(^■prea. ind.) 4716; croude(pres. imper.) Alts. 609; compos. 

crouke, ASax. crlice, 08aa:. crflca, pitcher, CI 
O. t. 4156. 

crouken croak, prompt, parv. 105. 

croup, Welsh crwth, crowtk, fiddle, Wr. spec. 53; k. 
of T. 486; croud Wicl. gloss. 

crow, AScuc. cTov, crow: cokkes crow Chauc. C. t. 
3675; crowe {dot.) Bek. 1090. 

crucche, ASax. crycc, O/ZGerm. krucka, crutch, (dot.) 
La^. 19482; cruche „pedum", prompt, parv. 103*; see 

crucchen? crouch,hoio; cnicchej) (^rcs,)cr, P. P. 1498; 
see crouchen. 

criiche, OHGerm. cruci, cruzi, cross, {dot.) Kath. 1171; 
crouche (ace.) Shoreh. 15; vis. P. P. 3547; see croa. 

cnlchea, OHGerm. cruzon, cross, make the sign of the 
cross: heocrlichede hire Kath. 628; crouche (pres.) Chauc. 
C. t 3479; crouchep Shoreh. 15. 

crud curd, „coagvlum",l. c. c.\2; crudde, curde prtwwpl. 
parv. 105; cruddes {pi) vis. P. P. 1365; curdes Wr. voc. 

cruddin curd, ncoagulare", promptparv. 105; crudded 
(part.) Wicl. gloss. 13. 

crul, MHGerm. krul, ODutch krol, crisp; cnille (pi.) 
Chauc. C. t. 81; croUe Alia. 1999. 

cruUen, ODutch krolltsn, curl; crul{l)ing {part.) Halliw. 
did. 284. 

crumb, ASax. OSaic. crumb, OHGerm. chrumber, cmp. 
Ir. crum, crom, Gael, crom, Bret, kroumm, kromiu, Welsh 
crwm, crooked, Orm. 9207; croum s. s. Wr. 2477. 

crumb (cromb) crome, „u}icus", prompt, parv. 104. 

c r u m b e n , OHGerm. (ge-)chrumben, ODutch krommen. 


cnime 127 

crook, curve; croin(in)in prompt, parv. 104; crumpt (part.) 
HaUiw. diet. 284. 

crume, ASax. crume, Germ, krume, Dan. kranune, 
Dutch kruim, crumb, „micn", Wr. voc. 258; a. r. 342; 
cruimne Goto. conf. am. 3, 35; crumes (pi.) Orm. 1476; 
cromes P. P. p. 524; cromes (crommes) Chauc. C. t. 
15528 Tyr. 11988 Wr. 

cmmpe crump. Cramp, (acc) Mar. mtr. pi. 178. 

crumplen crumple: (he) was crompild and frokid . 
Flor. 1979. 

crune, Lat corona, crown, La^. i251 ; Orm. 8158; 
crfinen (pi.) a. r. 238; crounen Rob. Olouc. 242, 6. 

crflnien crown; crouni Bek. 1728; krflned (j^-ea.) a. r. 
392; criineden (pret.) La-Ty 31935; crflned (part.) Orm. 

crupel, O/rGei-m. crupel, 0/ceZ. krypiU, kryppill, Oi^m. 
kreppel, ODuteh krepel, kreupel, crippie, rel. ant. 1, 243; 
cripel chron. Engl. 771; cripil, crepu prompt parv. 103; 
crepel Qow. conf. am. 3, 147, 

crupelen? go like a cripplef cripelande {part) rd. 
ant. 1, 211. 

criis, MHOerm. krus, OiJutcA kruia, crows, critp, cross, 
wroth, Havel. 1966; crous Halliw. diet. 883. 

crfls (croua), Olcel. krlis, can, pot, prompt, pare. 105. 

cruBchin crush, „qua9sare", prompt, parv. 106. 

cruakin litUe can or pot, prompt, parv. 106. 

crust, Lat. crusta, crust, Wr. p. s. 204. 

cu name of the letter q, prompt parv. 106. 

ell, ASax. eu pi. cj, OBax. OFria. kH, OHGerm. chua, 
chuo, ODutck koe, Olcel. k^r acc. kfl, coto, Halliw. diet. 
121; kli Wr. voc 91; a. r. 418; Alia. 5956; cou vis. P. 
P. 4375; kie(;>i.) ps. 67, 31; Rob. Br. 28, 14; kliin ^w. 
760; Men WW. P.P. 4076; Wicl. gloas. 25; k6n Octou.672. 
couherde cowherd, Hartsh. Tnet. t. 256, 
couacott, ASaa. cusceotte| (?), cowshvt, wood-pigeon, Wr. 
voc. 221. 

cousloppe cowslip, prompt, pare. 99 ; kousloppes (pi) Hal- 
liw. diet. 

cubbel kiMe, stick, a. r. 140. 

cucstsl a stool to punish culprits by cucking {chucking) them 
in water, prompt, parv. 107; cokatnl Hardw. poem 72, 3. 


1 28 Clicking 

cuckingstsl = cucstol, Wr. p. s. 345; cokiDgstsl rel. ant 

2, 176. 

kucbeue, ABax. cycene, kitchen, a. r. 214; cuchene 
(kichene) ia^. 3316; kecliine Perceo. 455; avow. Arth. 
15, 7. 

cud? (cudde, cod), AScuc. cad, frctmcheov/en, cud {quid), 
„7-umen", prompt, parv. 85; cude (acc.) Orm. 1237; kude, 
code, qujde, quede Wicl. gloaa. 12; 25; 35. 

cuf, AS(ue. cyf, tub, Wr.voc. 93; kive rel. avt. 2, 191. 

cuffe cuff, prompt, parv.; coffes (pL) pis. P. P. 3915. 

kuggel cudgel? a. r. 292. 

kukeweld cuckold, owland night. 1542; kukwald Wi'. 
voc 217; cokwald 194; cokewold rm. P. P. 2409; Chauc. 
a t. 3154. 

cul stroke: j)6 cul of per eax a. r. 128. 

culfre, ASax. cu](u)fre, dove, pigeon, Orm, 1258; 
kulvre a. r. 98; culver CAawc %. g. worn. 2315; colvere 
OTJ. P. P. 10434; colfren (^;.) Hob. Giouc. 190, if; col- 
veren Alis. 5405; colverenj colverea Mand. 118. 

ciiUen, cmy. I)o«. kyla (nschmeissen"), kill, smite, slay; 
kulle kill, vis. P.P. 11080; kUlia. „occidere", promptparv. 
274; culle {pres. subj) strike, a. r. 126; kille kUl, Chauc. 
C. t. 6623; kulle (tkrow, pour) al ut pet ia i pe krocke 
a. r. 346; cuide (pret.) killed, k. of T. 179; ofte me hine 
culde (struck) La^- 20319; kilde (culde) killed, vis. P. P. 
14123; WaH. hist. 2, 86; kuUed {part.) kiUed, vis. P. P. 

culm, Germ, qualm? mwkef prompt, pare. 108. 

kuln, ASax. Welsh cyln, Olcel. kylua, kUn, rel. anL 
2, 81; kiln prompt, parv. 274. 

culter, ASax. Lot. culter, coUer, Wicl.glosa. 13; {cul- 
tour) vis. P. P. 4004; Colter Mapes 338. 

cumberen (combren), MHGerm. kumbern, ODutch kom- 
mereo, Fr. (eQ-)combrer, molest, trouble, cr. P. P. 918; 
cumbered {part.) Em. 483; meJ. hom. 129; combird s. « 
Wr. 3403. 

cume, ASax. cjme, Sax. cumi, OIceL kom&, OHGerm. 
cliutai, quemi, coming, a. r. 1S8; kume owl aaid night. 
436; pi cume (come) me is iqu^me Lot,. 6646; cume, 
come Kath. 413; 671; come Orm. 718; c of L 1031; 
WM. gloss. 219; Gaw. gloss. 374; comjpos. 3au-, litcume. 


cume, A8nx. cyme (hecomiHg). 
kumli, ASaa: cyratic,, comdy, Iw. 2886; comli Mia. 6055; 
vis. P.P. 10528; comloker (cowtp.) Oaw.gloaa. 374; cume- 
bche Mark. 19; fiomptw. bicumelTclie. 
comlihed Gow. ccmf. am. 2, 354, 
ComlineBSe prompt, paro. 89. 

cumel? Olcel. kuiut (tunmdun)? hill? oncumelan, come- 
lan, an comlen La^. 6630; 20273; 30400. 

cumeliiig, OHGerm. chomeling, comeling; ciim(e)liag, 
comeling Wiel. gloss. 12; cumling /wj. 1627; komeling Bob. 
Olouc. 18, 19; comeling, comling prompt, pars. 89. 

cumen, ASax. OSox. cuman, Oi^rw. kuma, koras., Olcel. 
koma, OHQerm. choman, queman, Goih. qimau, come, Orm. 
2179; rel. ant. I, 223; kumen a. r. 394; comen Chauc. 
C. t. 7266; come vis, P. P. 13648; cumed (kimed) (pres. 
vMd.) a. r. 350; comp ms. P. P. 582; sche comep ride 
Lauirf. 867; kume (lubj.) a. r. 424; kum (imper.) 292; 
Gomep (commip) Wid. gloss. 12; com (p>^) Orm. 2181; 
owl and night. 453; Tor. 66S; Will, gloss. 219; pi com 
l»er k mon imen /rfi^. 5748; cam JfaW. 12; Chauc. C. t. 
549; a. s. IFr. 460; kam Havel. 863; pou come Horn 
1178; comen *. s. Wr. 318; s. a. c. 13, 7; (coomeni »m. 
P. P. 14364; A. o/T. 189; k€men s. a. c. U, 8; comend 
(pres. part.) Gow. amf. am. 1, 1; cnmen (pret. part) Orm. 
134; J«j. 2956; comen Chauc C. t. 673; (commen) pr. 
conso. 5775; icumen Marh. 4; a, r. 64; compos, a-, bi-, 
overcumen; <im», cw4me, 

cumlen? Olcel. kumla f„mishandle") Fritsner's ordb., 
numb, stiffen; cumblid, comelid fjwri.^ Wicl. gloss.; comelid 
prompt, parv. 

cun (kiin), A8ax. cyan, 0/cei. kynni, OPris. ken, OSax. 
cunni, OHGerm. chunni, Goth, kuni, kin, race, sort, LaT^. 
319; 328; cun Ka^. 445; Bei.61; kun a. r. 308; fader, 
mdderantalml kun Wr.spec. 91; kin 0»vn. 2058; llaoel. 
393; i have ii6 kin pere vis. P. P. 3769; his kin and his 
frfindes MflMti. 309; ken Oow.conf. am. 3, 332; ones kun- 
nes treou a sort of tree, a. r. 150; for nones kunnea mede 
Wr. p. s.«193; his cunnes men Bek. 1667; Davipes kinnes 
man Orm. 12528; pou wfire bore of mi kin(ne) harrow. 
203; two cunne ancren a. r. 128; alle kinne sinnes vis. 
P. P. Ii668; compos, manciin. 
kunred kindred, tribe, Degrev. 835; kenr5d Shoreh. 45; 


knnr&ie (dat.) owl and iiight. 1675; kinrsde Mand. 67. 
cunrSde Marg. 65; kunrSde fio&. Glouc. 284, 3; IdnrSde 
Ckauc. C. t. 2792; vnih and invffU. 39; prompt, parv. 275; 
cunrsden (printed cum mden) Hick. fA«. 1, 225; kinrfide 
Will gloss. 

cund, ASar.cwaA, Goth, kunds (natioe); oompo». god-, 

cunde, ASax. cTude, kind, natural, genuine, Wr. treat. 
136; pe cunde folk of pe lond Bob. Glouc. 40, 11; kuinde 
c. of I 1044; Warl.kist. i, 20; kinde Ghaue. C. t 8478; 
kinde wit ciV. P. P. 227; kind pr.consc. 3353; kinde, kende 
WiU. gloss. 231; kende Shoreh. 90; compos, icunde. 

cunde, A8ax. (ge-)cynd, OHGerm. (ki-)kunt, Olcet. 
kyndi, kind, nature, generation, Mark. 8 ; peo kuude a, r. 
14; pe kinde (kuinde) pat of him com c. of I. 179; kinde 
„natttre", Wicl. gloss. 25; Orm. 663; as kinde aBke|) dis. 
P. P. 933; als pair kind (natural disposition) es pr. conac 
52; kinde ^riature, lineage" Gaw. gloss. 392; kinde, kende 
r.genus, prosapia", jtrompt. parv. 275; pe lawe of kinde 
Gow. conf. am. 3, 204; pat it wfire comeii of riche kende 
lai le Jr. 138; cunde (ace.) Kaih. 1002; he hap angles 
cunde Wr. treat. 134; toward his cunde ((Ac other text 
has cuppe) Xnj. 21492; kinde Chauc. C. t 2453; a^enst 
kinde Mand. a23; kind met. horn. 14; kende Shorek. 9; 
kuinden (pi.) c. of I. 926; compos, icunde. 
cundelich MW^y, natural, Kath.96i; kindehch avotf. ArA. 
11, 2; kindeli Wid. gloss. 25 ; kundeliche itW/y, naturally, 
a. r. 120; kindeliche, kindeli vis. P. P. 1385; 12519; 
kindeli pr. consc. 1686. 

kundel progeny, ofiapring, a. r. 82; kundlesfjrf.J 200; 
kindles rd. ant. 1, 222; kindeles (kindliB) Wid. gloss. 

cundlen kindle, bring forth young; kindliu prompt, 
parv. 275 ; kundled (pres.) a. r. 194 ; wanne he is ikindled 
rd. ant 1, 209. 

cunnen, ASax. OSaor. cunnan, Goth, kunnau, OFris. 
OIceL kunua, OIIGerm. chunnin pret. chonda, con, know, 
Omw, 2958; alle pe creftes pet clerke 4h to caauGU Kath. 
524; cunnen pone dajik wiszen, a. r. 124; kun kini paiik 
Mar. mir. pi. 94; kunne Wid. gloss. 25; cunne, connin 
prompt, parv. 90; konnen c, of I. 1071; conne Gow. conf. 
am. 1,200; s. s. WV. 33; Creseide shal not ooiine {he ahU) 
knowen me CltaucTroil. 111^: knowe and koune wia. P. P. 


cunnen 131 

9686; cunnand (prea. part.) cunning, m«t.&om, 93; konniDg 
vis. P. P. 6715; kilde (pret.) cmd (covU), Kath. 1544; 
a. r. 66; coupe Chauc. C. t. 236; s. a. Wr. 2319; koupe, 
koude via. P. P. 362; 9689; coude Bhoreh. 79; koup Iw. 
171; pr. coJMc. 3787; coud Ttw. 178; cudest a. r. 280; 
kilden72; cilden K'oCA. 1330; <xm^ea Wr. p. a. 248; coupe 
Mar. mir. pi. 95; Clld (pret. part.) iaj. 2768; cflp Orm. 
9240; heobeod . . . al to kflde (to well known) a. r. 204; 
coup BeA.I198; Qow. conf. im. 2,310; Chauc. G. (.8818; 
koup lAdg. m. p. 25; koud Wid. gloaa. 

cunueD, ASatr. cunnian, O^Gcrwt. chunnenprrt. chun- 
neta, con, seek, try, Oi-m. 12137; cunnid (prea.) Mark. 13; 
cunnede (pret.) a. r. 114; compoa. icuunien. 

cunning, ASax. cunning? cunning, knowledge, akiU, 
„aeientia", prompt, pare. 90; j»*. consc. 2350; cCep. of R. 
11, 2; kunniug Wiel. gloaa. 25; Lidg. m. p. 31; kouuing 
via. P. P. 6511. 

cunte, OFria. kunte, Welsh coot, ^vulva^, Wr. voc. 
186 & 208; counto rd. ant. 2, 282. 

cuppe, ^Stuc. cuppa, cup, (dot.) Lidg. m. p. 53; (ace.) 
Mand.t2; „caiic«M", Wicl. John 18; coppe (ace.) Shoreh. 
20; via. P. P. 6226; cuppes (pi.) Orm. 14043; Chauc. 
C. t. 2591; coppis a. ». Wr. 1795. 
cuppemele by cupa, vis. P. P. 2921. 

cure, ASax. eyre, OHOerm. churi, from cheoseti, choice, 
La^. 8077; wind god of cure Horn 1446, 

curen, Germ, kiiren, choose, Kath. 1893; icured (part.) 
a. r. 66*. 

curuen (cume), Germ, kornen, corn, granulate, Bob. 
Olouc. 490, 1. 

karnel, ASax. cyrnel, kernel, granum, nucleus, Wr. 
voe. 91; kirnel 267; prompt, parv. 276; kernel vis. P. P. 
7086; curnele8 (pi.) La^. 29266; L c. c. 25; cumlea a. r. 

curre, ODutch korre, cur, a. r. 140*; Chauc. I. g, w. 
896; Lidg. m. p. 29; currea (pi.) cr. P. P. 1283. 

kurre, Olcel. kyrr, kvirr, MHGerm. kiirre, Ootk. qair- 
ru3? quiet, tamef a. r. 288*. 

curB, ASax. curs, curse^ rel. ant. \, 129; e. of I. 1385; 
Chauc C. t 657; Lidg. m.p. 53; cors ilardw.poem 43, 11. 

cursien, ASace. cursian, curae; curaBrand. 26; curse 
Oow. conf. am. 2, 364; kursed {pres.) a. r. 198; corsep 


132 knrt 

vit. P. P. 4435; cursede {pret.) reL o«t 2, 277; cnreed 
(port.) Orm. 16059; compos, acursien. 

kurt, Olcel. kurt, OFr. curt, cort. Lot. cors (chors), 
court, a. r. 210; cnrt Bek. 747; court Chauc C. t. 1416. 

curteiB, OFr. cortois, courteous, Bek. 1190. 

curtel, ASax.cyrbel, kirtd, gtunica", Im'^. 4993; Bek 
2261; Wr. spec. 40; kurtel a. r. 10; -kirtel Orm. 10137} 
Chauc C. t. 3321; kirtil prompt, parv. 277; cortils ipL) 
Eglam. 1256. 

cur tin, cortln, OFr. cortine, curtain, Wid. gloss. 12; 
cortines {pi.) Will gloss. 220. 

CU8, A8ax. cuss, coss, OHGerm. cbus, Olcd. koss, c»m 
(ii'sa), prompt, parv. Ill; cos o. r. 102; Wici. (^ioaa. 12; 
Av4. 60; cosse ((iai.) rd. ant. 1, 29; kosses {pL) WHl. 
gloss. 220. 

cussen, A8ax. cyseeu, Olcd. kysaa, &tM, a. r. 424; 
CUBse Tfr. spec 38; kissin prompt, para. 277; kisse nart. 
Aom. 83; cnssep (pret. imper.) Lai,. 5097; custe (pret.) 
1194; kiste ow. P. P. 12934; cueten ifcA:. 28a 

cuB3in, OHQerm. chnsmi, Fr. coussia, cushion; cuscbon 
prompt, parv.; kuasiuis (jrf.) Halliw. diet. 

cuat, A8ax. cyst, O^Vis. kest, OS<ix. cust, OHOerm. 
chust, OofA. (ga-}kusts, from cheosen, manner, quality; 
custe (dot.) LaT,. 20324; (r. w. waste) oiol and nigkt. 9; 
{ace. pi.) LaT,. 31019; rel. ant. I, 178. 

custi, ASax. cystdg, OjffGerTa. chustiger, liberal, muni- 
ficent, Wr. voc. 90; L03. 6366; kiati3 Orm. 4698. 

cut (kut) lot, gSOra", prompt, parv. HI; rel. ant. 1, 7; 
Ckavc. C. t. 837. 

kutte, ODuteh kutte {crena, cunnua), cut, cannus, (ace.) 
lud. Cov. 218. 

cuttin cut, „acindere, aecare'^, prompt, parv. Ul; kutte 
(kitte) Wid. gloss. 25; je kutte (pres. subj.) Mand. 49; 
cutte Ci)re(.) Laz- 8182*; kutte J,iw. 2336; vis. P. P. 
14037; cutted (part.) pr. consc. 3715; cr. P. P. 864. 

cutters cM((er, Wr. voc. 195, 

cud see cuuneu. 
cftdlaechen, ASax. cdSiaecau, acquaint? he hine cudlaehte 
1*15. 17103. 

kMlechuBge acquaintance, (ace.) a. r. 68. 
cuilllch, ASax. cftdhc, OHGerm. cliuudllber, iwowm, /ajMi- 
iiar; mid ctdliche (coupliclie) worden £03. 19679; cipbs 


cfld 138 

familiaAy, Orm. 2204; cou[)li Gaw. gloss, 375; kou[iU 
WicL fflim, 25. 
c&Sredea familiarly ; cddredne (acc.f) a. r. 168*. 

cild, ASax. c^dd, OFris. Uie, OHGerm. chundi, kUh, 
acquaintance, country ; kJ{> Cow. gloss. 392; ijm, P. P. 8785; 
met. horn. 62; Perceo. 1281; j?m. 694; cfldde (t^at) LaT,. 
2425; Itipe ««(. ^r(A. 12, 8; fro kijje and kinne Gow. 
Eonf. am. 2, 267; keppe Skoreh. 19. 
cfidelicli, ASax. cjdellc? kippelis /am^MiriV Omi. 16632. 

cudi, A8ax.cfdig, OHGerm. chundiger, 0/cd, kunnigr, 
(xnny, wise: cUdie mSies i^a^. 5098. 

cfldien, cuden, ASax. c&dian, c^den, OSax. cudian, 
Ofrw. keda, OHGerm. chuuden, Goth. kun\i}a.Ji, make known, 
annotmce, declare, tell, show; coupe cr. P. P. 34; cftden 
iaj. 1157; kdden liis strencde a. r. 222; pat so muche 
love him kuipewolde c. of I. 590; kiden rel. ant. 1, 209; 
ki[(eii Orm. 210; kipe Ho6. Br. 2, 8; Pereew. 1234; pe 
sop i wille pe kijie Octav. 609 ; kgpen Shoreh. 20 ; coupe 
(jwM.) vis. P. P. 2333; cupest owl and night. 90; we cu- 
aed Kath. 1318; cudde {pret.) 1354; Bofc. G/owc. 66, 13; 
c. o/ i. 756; kidde vis. P. P. 3354; kidde pat he was 
hende Trist. 3, 11; kedde Shoreh. 48; cud {pari.) Kath. 
814; of alle kudde & kude sunnen a. r. 342; kid Gow. 
eonf. am. 2, 299; it-was ful loude kid Havel. 1060. 

cuvele, ASax. cufle, Olcel. kufl, cowl, a. r. 10; cdle 
(eovele) iaj. 17697; covele Bei. 2128; Shoreh. 110; coule 
prompt, pan). 97. . 

cwaken? quake; qaoc (prel.) met. horn. 99 j qnok Chauc. 
C. t 1578; Ro6. Br. 292, 10; quoke Iw. 3849. 

cwakien, ASax. c\a.c\an, quake, tremble, Marh. 19; 
tt. r. tl6; quakiim (cwakie) iaj. 17915; quaken Tfic/. 
yfosa. 36; qwake, whake />r. comsc. 5411; 7343; quakede 
{pret.) Hick.thes. 1, 228; Rob.Glouc. 24, 22; Oc(o». 1713; 
quakide Wicl. gloss. 35; quaked uts. P. P. 12673. 

quale, jiSajr. cvalu, O/ZCerm, quala, 0/cei.kvol (crw- 
ciatus), _/Wm quelen, death, ioj. 31809; qwalle (tia(.) lud. 
Coo. 67. 
qoalehus Zaj. 727. 

cwalpi, ASax. cvealm, OSax. qualm, OHGerm. qualm, 
chuaira, deatraction. death, pestilence; cualm owl and night. 
1155; qualm L03. 31877; Hob. Glouc. 252, 5; Wr. p. s. 
342; qualme (dat.) Chauc. 0. t. 2016. 


134 cwart 

cwalmlms Kath. 600; a. r. UO. 
cwalmstou a. r. 106. 

cwartern? cwarteme, A8ax.cvearttieta,pruoH, Kath. 670; 
{dat) Orm. 6168; quarterne La^. 19293. 

cwavien fuave, shake, Marh.4&*; qaavide (pret) Wid. 
gtoas. 35; quaved via. P. P. 12196. 

quecchen (cwecche), ASax. cveccan, shake, move, go. 
Las- 3316; queche .4i£». 4747; qneiits (pret.) La^. 20141; 
queite? WiU. gloss. 239; compos, aquecchen. 

qiied, OFris. qu4(l, ODutch quaed, bad, evU, wicked, 
owl and night. 1135; Rob. Glouc. -LH, 2; Alis. 1243; Wr. 
p. s. 256; quead Skorek. 147; quid Gow. conf. am. 2, 
246; quMe 3^? (/)/.) Chauc. C. t. 14849; pe quede tJie 
evil me, Bob. Olouc. 314, 20; vis. P. P. 9298; he dfid al 
to cweade (too HI), a. r. 72; pai poghte to do him quSde 
(quM?) Isumb. 611. 
quMhc pe. 17, 22*. 
quMnes wickedness, ps. 5, 11, 
quedschipe wickednesn, Lai^. 5066; cweadschipe a. r. 310. 

cweiae, Olcel. kveisa („&yW") i^'ritaner'a ordb., bUe 
{bod), a. r. 328. 

que 1 en, A8ux. cvelanfyott, tnon), OSax.qvLe\&n,OHQerm. 
quelan, chelan (cmciari), die; quele (pres. subj.) rH. ant. 
1, 174; qu^len (jmt.) L03. 31820. 

c w e U e n , ASax. cvellan, cfelian, OHOertn. qiiellen, 
cheOen, Olcel. kveija (cn*c«we), from quale, put to death, 
kill, slay, Orm. 1843; cwelle rel. songs 5, 14; quellen 
(cwelle) LaT,. 644; quelle Beit. 767; Ckawt. C. t. 12633; 
met. horn. 96; Lidg. m. p. 109; quellep (pres.) Wr. treat. 
136; quellun ant. Arth. 4, 9; quelt (^rp(.) pm. P. P. 11030; 
cwalden Orm. 66526; qualden (cweiden) /^a3.1752; quel- 
led {part.) Oato. gloss. 403; compos, aquelleti. 

cwellere killer, slayer, Mirh. 22; quellere Wid. gloss. 
35; queller met.horn. 40; cwelleres (jd.) ^atA. 2200; com- 
pos, manquellere. 

cwelmeii, ASaa: CTelman, cvylman, from cwalm, put 
to death; quelm (pres. subj.) ps. 86, 14. 

cw^me, ASax. cvfime, OHOerm. (bi-)qu&mer, from 
CUmeD, convenient, pleasant, agreeable, Orm. 2210; qiiSme 
Laj. 2427; Qaw. glofs. 403; quSme c of I. 500; qii6m 
7net.hom. 20; wh^me i^'ior. 146; Town.myst. 2; compos, icvf^me, 


cwfime 135 

cwfime? conveniency, likingf noht ne maj ben don 
almahtis god to cw^me Orm. 1661. 

cwemeu,, please, a. r. 138; OriM,12I7; 
r«!. sorys 5,255; quemen (cw^me) La^. 348; quSmen KtcA. 
3432; queme c. of I. 1018; Oow. c<mj. am. 1, 166; ps. 
114, 9; Rob. Br. 28S, 26; lernip . . . pe Mghe lord to 
qu4me Lidij. m. p. 12; ^^rvises inedde ne cwcmed iiout 
fire loverde „oooc(a servitia deo von placent", a. r. 338; 
Cw^mden {preL) Orm. 4162; compos, icwemen. 

c v &n, cvrcne, ASax. even (femina, uxor, regina), OHGerm. 
qoena, chena {tixor, mtdier), Olcel. kvacn, kv&n {uxor), 
OSax. quin (wa-OT-), (?o(/j, qens (^wi^, queen, woman; cwdn 
Mark. 19; Orm. 215H; qufin Trist. 2, 6; qwin s. a. c. 5, 
1 1 ; quen, qu€ne La'^. 43 ; 1 82 ; qw€n, qwSiie hid. Cov. 
80; 215; cwene a. r. 2S6; quene rel. songs 1, 7; Ohaac. 
C. t. 4581; qw^ne p-. consc. 4461; qu^ne (jren.) ^6. 
Glouc. 26, 5; (rfn(.) Tot-. 776; {ace.) La^. 25843. 

qnenchen (quenche), A8ax. cvencan, quench, extinguish, 
rel. ant. 1, 132; Sfioreh. 49; Ltdg. m. p. 151; cwenkeii 
Orm. 1191; quencheji {pres.) Wr. treat. 136; quenched 
(part.) Mand. 70; queint Gow, cob/, am. 2, 201; pm. P. 
P. 12774; Chauc. C. t. 2323; compos, aquenchen. 

cwessen, OOwinA quetaen ? guashf flesclies lust is strong 
to cwesse owl and night. 1386; see queisen and quassen. 

cweden, ASasc. cveJan, OSax. quedan, Olcel- kveda, 
OFris. queda, OHGerm. quedan, cliuedan, cliedan, Ootk. 
qipan, speak, say; cwede {pres.) Katk 869; quel>e Chauc. 
r. r. 6999; quedende (part.) rel.ant. 1, 129; qwe|iing iW. 
Cop. 362; cwap {pret.) quoth, Orm. 5214; cwad owi and 
night 1184; quaj) Trist. 1, 96; cr. P.P. 195; quad, qued 
La^. 696; 6203; cwed Kath. 379; a. r. 122; qiiop, quod 
Chaue. O. t. 660; 790; quod Gow. conf. am. I, 47; s. s. 
Wr. 668; copom. /IrtA. 37, 3; cweden ^otA. 134; quMen 
ia3. 893; compos, a-, bi-, for-, icweden; derlo. cwide. 

cwic, ^SoiT. cvic, OSax. quic, Olcel. kvikr, OHGerm. 
quecher, checher, quick, vivus, Kath. 1890; Orm. 1370; 
'quic (cwic) Laj. 23; quik Bf&. 1822; Ckaac. C. t. 1017; 
chron. of Engl. 762; qwik pr. consc. 6390; quek met Awn. 
26; whik liartah. met. t. 156; Mar. 128; n&wiht 
quikes nullum vivi, La;^. 25758; nowiht cwikes a. r. 334; 
qaike {pi.) L03. 26726; of quike and of dede vis. P. P. 


136 cwikien 

cwicllclie quickly, a. r. 246; quichche La^. 4697; quikll- 
che Mis. 2607. 
quikmire cr. P. P. 450. 
quiksilTer Ckauc. C. t. 12700. 

cwikien, ASa<r. crician, OHGenK. quichan, chichan, 
quick, become a live; qwiken pr. cause. 1723; in Mm [jer 
gan to quikeD bo gr€t destr Chauc. Troil. 395; quikide 
(pret.) Wid. gloss. 36; compos, acwikien. 

quiknen (quikne), Olcd, kvikaa., quicken, bring to life, 
Wid. gloss. 35; vis. P. P. 12773. 

cwicnesse gwideMst, {dot.) a. r. 150. 

cwide, ASax. cvide, OSax. OBOerm. quidi, Olcel. kvidr, 
from cweden, sate, legacy, (acc^ a. r. 208; quide (i^ai.) owl 
and night. 685; qiiiaes (cwides) (pZ.) Lot,. 9141; co7iipo3. 

cwidden, ASax. criddian (evidian?), Olcel. kvidja, say, 
Orm. 19358; cwiddeat (pres) Kath. 2172; cwidded a. r. 
174; quiddied La^. 25325; cwiddeden (pret.) Orm. 8613. 

cwuld, ASax. cvild, OHGerm. quelida, from cwelen, 
„pestis", Wr. voc. 8ft. 

cwiver, A8ax. cvifer (?), cmp. Goth, qiiis pi. qivai 
{quick), qmvei; bold; cwiver (cover) a. r. 140. 

chacen, OFr. chacier, okase, Mand. 3; chace pr. conac. 
4316; Lidg. m. p. 189;' chaced (pret) vis. P. P. 11473; 
see cacchen, 

chaf, ASax. ceaf, ODutch kaf, chaf, La^- 29256; Orm. 
1483; chef a. r. 270; caf pr. come. 3148; apol. 54. 

chaft, 0/cei. kiaptr, chaft,jaw; chttftis {pi.) Gaw. fj^oss. 

cliaisel, Ofr, cliaiael, chainsil Diez icft. k3, itnen c/otA, 
Alis. 279; B. ». Il'et. 1814; cheisil LaT,. 33761. 

chaleugin, OFr. cbaleDgier, chalongier, Lot. calumniari, 
challenge, accuse, „mndicare, r^rekendere", prompt, parv.; 
chalange met. kom. 3; pr. consc. 2253; kalengest {j-ret.) 
a. r. 54; chalaDged {pret.) s. a. Wr. 3290; {part.) vis. P. 
P. 2819. 

chalk, calk, ASax. cealc, OHGerm. calc, chalc, Lot. 
calx, chalk, „calx, creta'*, prompt, parv. 58; chalk Chauc. 
C. t. 13150. 

cbalcsteu „c(dx", Wr. voc. 94; chalkst^ Chauc. C t. 

chamber, Fr. chambre, chanAw; chambre (dot) Bek. 

:,, Google 

chaamberUng 137 

chaumberling, OHQerm. cLamarlinc, t^amh&'lain, 
a. r. 410. 

changen (cbaungen), Fr. changer, change, a. r. 6; 
changep {prea:^ Wr. treat. 139| changede (prrt.) Marh. 3. 

chappeu, ODutch kappen (co7t»ecare, reseeare), chap; 
chappid (part.) Mar. mir. pi. 109; compos, ofchappeii. 

charge, OFr. charge, cfiaroe; charges (pi.) KoW. 302. 

chargen, OFr. charger, charge; chargede Brand. 11, 

charis, ASaos. cearig, OHGerm. charager, chary, 
anxiovs, Orm. 1274. 

cbarkien (cbarkin, cherkio), ASatc. cearcian, ckark, 
^ridere", prompt paro. 70 & 76; cbarke Gow. conf. am. 
2, 108; charkip ^stridef^, Wid. gloss.. 

chasten, OFr. chaatier, chastise, a. r. 218; chaste 
Will, gloss. 

cbaterin, Low Germ, ketern, chatter, „garrire^, prompt, 
paro. 70; cheateren a. r. 152; chatre Lidg. m. p. 150; 
chaterest {pres. ind.) owl and night 322; chatre (sm6/,) 
vis. P. P. 9376. 

chaterestre chatterer, owl and night 655. 

chat, Fr. chat, chat: pe chattes of hasele Mand. 168. 

chave, ODutch kave, chaff, HalUw. did. 242; see caf. 

chavel, ASax. ceafl, OBax. kafel, chawl (chowl), jaw, 
Trist. 2, 32; chavil 7m). 1991; chevil „7aandibulv,m", Wr. 
voc. 187; chaui Wicl. gloss. 11; chevele [dat.) ia3. 26034; 
choule And. 77; cholleawi. Ai-th. y, 10; chaefles (choules) 
{pl^ La^. 6507; chaveles rel. ant. 1, 220; chawlez Mor. 
a. p. 3, 268; chaules Mapea 338. 

chavilhsn lud. C'ov. 37; chavil-, chaulbsn „mandibida", 
prompt, parv. 70. 

chavelen, Tjow Germ- kawelen, Dvich keveleo, Dan. 
kjsevele, chavel (chaffle), cheater, quarrel; chaule Wr. p. s. 
240; chefled {pres.) a. r. 128. 

chav(e)ling chaveling, owl and night. 284; chevelunge 
{dat) a. r. 100. 

cheanee, OFr. cheance, chance, Shoreh. 60; chaunce 
pr. consc. 3768. 

cheap, chfep, ASax. ceap, OSax. cop, OFrts. ka,p, Olcd. 
kaup, OHGerm. chauf, cheap, bargain, price, La^. 385; 
31799; so liht cheap a. r. 398; cheep „pretiiMn", prompt, 
parv. 72; light chep Town.myst. 102; g6d chep honmar- 
ek4, Wr. p. a. 341; good chep h hon march^, Gow. conf. 


138 cheapien 

am. 2, 169; better chSpe Hai-dio. poem 72, 8. 
ch^pmon chapman, merchant, La^. 30681 ; a. r. 203; cb£pnian 
rd.songs 7, 33; cbApmau Orm. 15783; Ckauc. C. (. 399. 

cheapien, ASate. ceapian, OSax. copon, Oi^rels. k4pia, 
Olcd. kanpa, GoA. kaupon, OIIGerm. chaufan, cheap, chop, 
bargain, buy, tell; clLepia „licitari^, prompt, pare. 72; 
chepen Gate. glow.ZlZ; ch^pe Chauc C. t 6660; chSpe 
(pres.) vis. F. P. 9648; cheaped a. r. 190; 418; chfipede 
(prH.) Octoo. 389; cMped vis. P. P. 8787. 

cheapild trader, a. r, 419. 

ch€ping, A8ax. ceapung, but/in^, market. La;!,. 16682; 
23413; Wr. p. ». 169; via. P. P. 2194; IFtH. ghm. 218; 
Wid. glo«B. 11. 

cheast, ASax. ceast, strife, diipnte, contentioH, ret. aid. 
1, 129; cheaste a. r. 200; cheeste via. P.P. 8946; cheste 
{ace) owl and night. 177; Skoreh.n3; Octor.76i; wipouten 
chaste Rich. 5143; ». ». Wr. 163a 

chef, Fr. chef, chief, head, top, WiU. gloas. 218; chefe 
(dot.) aTtt. Arth. 9, 10. 

chef fare for cheapfare? chaffer, bargain, trade, mer- 
chandiae, a. r. 310; 418; chaffare c. of I. 1112; via. P.P. 
61; 8787. 

chek, Fr. echec, check, prompt. parv. 71; chekkes {pi.) 
Bob. Br. M. 3, 309; Mor. a. p. 2, 1238. 

chfike, ASax.cea.ce, OFm. kfike, 'kiake (tziake, sciake), 
ODutch cftke Maerl. rb. gloaa., led. kjake Fritzner'a ordb. 
350, Swed. kdk, cheek, maxilia, gena, prompt, parv. 72; 
Wr. tpec. 34; (rfaf.) Oow. conf. am. 2, 14; chenke {ace.) 
Marg. 159; cheoken {pi.) a. r. 70; cheekos Chauc. C. t. 
635; chokes eia. P. P. 2182; chokes floi. Br. M. 3, 309. 
cheek-, ch^kehon Wid. gloss. 

ch^ke? ASax. ceoce? 
chekeful chokefull, Ilalliw. diction. 243. 
ch€ke- (chdk-), ch6kelew choky f ibid. 

ch^kJD, ASax. ceodiD, choke, „auffocare", pn/7npt.pare. 
72 i compos, ach^ken. 

chelde, ASnx. cyld? cdd, frigua, {ace.) Alia. 5601; 
aee cald. 

chele (chelle), ASax. ceole, ODutch kele, OHOerm. 
chela, throat, jaw, Wr. p. s. 154. 

chfile, ASax. cele, OHGerm. chuoli, from col, cool, 
cold,frigtu, £a3. 30811 ; Orm. 1616; Wr. p. s. 266; Gow. 

conf. am. 2, 369; Dowder heate ne chSle Kaik. 1701; in 
[» Qorphalf ... no man ne wone|> for ch^le Wr. treat. 
137; for ch§le quake vis. P. I*. 5720. 

cheosen, ASax. ceosan, OSax. kiosan, Olcel. kiosa, 
Ofru. kiasa, tziesa, Go(A. kiusan, OHGerm. chiusan, choose, 
Laz- 15147; Kath. 1894; a. r. 242; Wr.spec B2; cheose 
owl and night. 1341; Alia. IB59; Uom%%Q\ chfisen Orm. 
9218; Hartsh. met. t. 92; ( ch esi n ) prompf. parv. 73; cMse 
PM. P. P. 9 G 6 2 ; pr. consc. 7 9 ; chosen {pres. ind.) Mand. 60 ; 
ch^e {imper.)Chauc. C. t. 1597; chaes (pret.) La^. 12175; 
Orm. 25il;cbe:s Mand. 2 iChauc. O t. 10022; Wid.Jokn 15; 
p>: conic. 2132; Pcrceu. 1207; Amad. Robs. 46, 3; pu chure 
Mark. 19; curen (cliosen) ^03. 12994; cho&en Mand. 225 ; 
vis. P. P. 61; cbose Bek. 1986; coren (port.) La^. 16358; 
com ^mia 1431; core chron. Vilod. 121; chosen (com) 
pa. 17, 27; chosen Orm. 9623; il/anrf. 225; H^ic/. John 
15; compos, icheosen; (/erie. chis, cure, cost, cusL 

cheowen, ASax. ceovan, OHGerm. chiuwan, ckero; 
chewen (chewen?) Orm. 1241; cheonwej) (pres.) a. r. 80; 
ch^wel> Chaac. C. t. 3690; ch4wen Mfind. 20 

chfire, OFr. chfire, cheer, cowntenance, entertainment, 
Mark. 3; a. r. 344;BmW.6; Ckauc. 0. t. 749; 859; pr. 
amsc. 1636; ^chfire) Wr. voc. 245. 

chfirin, Fr. chfirer, cheer, „hilarare", prompt, parv, 
72; cherid (part) WicL gloss. 11. 

cheri, Fr. cerise, Lai. cerasiis, cherry, prompt, parv. 
72; chines (pU) vis. P. P. 4390. 
cheritre Wr. voc. 181. 

cherl, ASax. ceorl, OPwicA keerl {vir, ritsticus), OFris. 
tzerl, churl, peasant, Orm. 14788; Wr. spec. Ill; Alia. 
5598; /w.26S; vis. P.P.3193; 6831; (?kauc. C. L 7764; 
WM. gloss. 218; cherl, churl Wid. gloss. 11; cherl, charl, 
chorl „ni3ticu3'*, prom^parv. 62 & 72; cheorl Xa^. 4260; 
a. r 86; chorl cr. P. P. 439; Ltdg. m. p. 182; Gaw. 
gloss. 374 ; chorles (^) Mor. a. p. 2, 1258. 

cher (cherre), jlSoar. cerr, cyrr,0 Dutch keer, OHGerm. 
cher (chSr?), char, turn, vices, La^. 83S6; te (=fie) vifte 
cherre the fifth time, a. r. 36; sume cherrc (char) 408; 
don i char Wr. p. s. 341; charres {pi.) Gaw. gloss. 373; 
charis Town. myst. 106. 

cherren, ASax. cerran, cyrren, OFris. kera {kera!*), 
OSaa. kerian, 0//Germ. cheren (chSren?), cherren (werttre). 


140 chfise 

char, turn, teend; ciiea.rren Kath. 2261 ; cbarre Mapes 3^8 
met. hom. 52; charin a wai drive away, prompt, pan. 70 
lud. Cov. 325; charre (^pres.) „retum", Gaw. gtosa. 373 
cherrip (cliurrep) rel. ant. 1, 172; cherde {pret.) owl arid 
night. 1656; cherde, charde iaj. 7234; 28744; eherde'n 
(charden) Mark 3; charde Jiiw. a. p. 1, 607; c&mpoa. 
bi-, icherren. 

ch6ae, ASax. cese, cheese, prompt, pdra. 73; Mand. 
272} (scheae) TTV. voc. 268. 
chfefat Wr. voc. 202. 
chgglcpe rennetf ibid. 222. 

chesil, chisel, ASax. ceosel, OHGerm. chisili, ckitd, 
gravel, njjiarea'*, prompt, parv. 76; cheselis pMlea, lud. 
Cw. 56. 

cbestein, Oi^r. cliastaigne, crasfanea CkaucC. t. 2924; 
chesteines (pi.) Mand. 307. 

cheatrB, ASase. ceaster, Lai. castrum, cheater (in com- 
pos.), ncivitaa'*, Wr. voc. 94; Orm. 8479. 

chete, ASax, cete (cdln), OHGerm chezzi (cacabtis')f 
hende as hake in chete (r. to. w4te) Wr. spec. 31. 

thetel. ASrwr. cetel, OFris, ketel, szetel, tsetel, Olcel. 
ketill, OHQerm. chezil, chezzil, teMic, Tl'r. voc. S3; chetil 
miia aw? invent. 23; chetil, ketil prompt, paro. 273; ketel 
ps. 107, 10; cheteles (pi.) Wicl. gloss. 11. 

chevese, ASax. cefese, OHGerm. chebis. concubine, 
La^. 384; Marh. 3. 

chide, ASax. cid, chiding, Mapes 342. 

chiden, .dSaa". cSdan, c/ii'dc, ^,03. 8149; chidin prtwtp(. 
pare. 74; chide I'M. P. P. 2186; Hardw. poem 51, 3; 
chided (pr«.) a. r. 198; chiden MaW. 260; chidde (r. w. 
bridde) (j»-e(.) oW and! night. 112; Bei. 1910; CAawc 
C. t. 3997; chidden IttW. John 6. 

chidar, ASna;. cidere, chider, prompt, parv. 74. 

chiken, ASax. cicen, cycen, ODulch kieken, chicken, 
Wr. voc. 90; chekin prompt parv. 74; chike Chauc. r. r. 
541; chiknes (pi.) vis. P. P. 2156; C/mwc. C. t. 282; 
chikenis ITicf. gloss. 11. 
chikenmete Wr. roc. 140. 
chikenwsd prompt, pare. 74, 

chikkiQ chick, „ptiilidare", prompt, parv. 74. 

child, AS(as. cild, cAiW, ioj. 295; (chield) .tiii^. m. 
p. 58; (schild) a. s. Web. 355; childes (je«.) (Vm. 8056; 


childen 141 

childre (nom.acc. pi.) LaT,. 5317; Orm. 8006; Alia. 4638; 
a-. P. P. 1608; Tor. 2643; (childere) hid. Cov. 30; (chil- 
der) Chauc. C. t. 8031; pr. consc. 5881; (childir) Immb. 
81; children a. r. 334; o^d and niqht. 631; Mand. 249; 
B«fc. 24; {dot.) La-T^. 12992; chilirene (jm.) via. P. P. 
2315; compos, knave-, stepcMld. 
' (Aii\AhzAchHdhood,Katb. 79; childhed C A awe. C. (. 14ai2. 
childli childly (childlike), Wicl.(/lo»a. 11; Uocd. 1,64. 

childen briry forth a child, Orm. 166; childin „pa- 
rere", prompt, pai-v. 74; childed (part.) Mand. 133. 

chillin, LOemt. killen, kiillen, kiilden, Dutch killen, 
kilden, chill, prompt, parv. 75; chilled Mor. a. p. 3, 368. 

chim? ASaa:. cim(m)? ODutch kimme (ora, margo), 
chimb; cMmbe {dot.) Chauc. C. t. 3893. 

chimbleu, Olcd. kimbla? chimblef chimbled (part.) 
rfolded"? Gaw. gloss. 

chime n, Dan. kime, Swed. icitnba, chime, prompt, paro. 
75; chime GoK. eonf. am. 2, 13; chimbe CAauc. C. ^3694. 

chin, ASax. cinn (cin) Wr. voc. 43, cinne Ettm. lex. 
391, Olcd. kinn, ODutch kimie, OSax. kinni, OHGerm. 
chiani, chin, La-i,. 9110; Mand. 107; cliinne {dat.) La^. 
16000; Wr. treat. 139. 

chine, ASax. cine, chine, clefi, Wicl. gloaa. 11; rel. 
ant. 1, 217. 

chlnen, ASwc. cinaii, OSax. kinan, OHGerm. drtnan, 
, [Goth, keinan], chine, rive, split: p6 pat d€p her hert(e) 
chon Halliw. diet. 248; pat heved fro jje bodi ch&n Alia. 
2228; corupoa. tochinen. 

chippe, OHGerm. chipha, chip, „asaula", prompt. parv. 
75; chippes(^(.) Oow. con/, am. 1, 106; Chauc. C. t. 3746. 

chippen (chippe), ASax. cippian (?X ODutch kippen, 
OlGeLiip^,ehip,Iialliw. diet. 250; see chappen, choppen. 

chireche, .i4Sair. cirice, cyrice, OSax. kirika., OHGerm. 
chiricha, ia^. 26140; chirche a. r. 242; Wid. gloss. 11; 
cherche Gow. conf. am. 1, 63; Launj. 139; kirke 0mm. 
3531; rel. ant. 1, 225; vis. P. P. 3978; chirchen (pi.) 
lArm. of Engl. 923; chnrchen 5eft. 1414. 
cbirchegong Rob. Glouc. 380, 9. 

chircheseard <z. r. 318*; church^urd JfeA, 2117; kirkegaerd 
Orm. 15254. 

chirchehaye Wr. voc. 178; c!iirch(h)eie a, r. 318. 
chircherETe Chauc. C t. 6887. 


1 12 dtii-kiii 

chirkin ehirk, „sAUare", prompt, parv. 76; cbirldp as 
ft sparwe Chatic. C. t. 7386; see charken. 

chirm, ASax. cirm, cyrm, cAu-m, scream; chirme {dtii.) 
owl and night. 805. 

chirmen, ASax. cyrman, ODutch kermen, chirm, scream, 
a. r. 162. 

chirii, ASmc. ceren, Oi)ulcA kerne, churn, prompt, parv, 
76; scharn Wr. vac. 268; kirne 202, 

chirnen (chtrue), ASax. cernan, ODutch keraea,churnt 
prompt parv. 

chirpen (chirpe) chirp, Hartsh. met. t. 102. 

cliirpiug ^garritut", prompt, parv. 75. 

chla, ASax. cfa, ODutch kies, from cheoaen, choice, 
nice. Wart. kiat. 2, ItO; gent ich wes ant chis rd. ant. 

1, 123; p6 l&di is of ISmon chis Alis. 3294; chosin ful 
chise (ltd. Coe. 180. 

chisli ehoicdy, Mor. a. p. 2, 543. 

chisel, UFr, cisel, chisel, scalprum, Shoreh. 137. 

chist, ASax. cist, ceat, Olcd. kista, Lat, ciata, cheU, 
Chauc. C. t. 5891; Mar. mir. pi, 10; kist Gow. conf. am. 

2, 130; cheste {dot.) Xaj. 32203; kiste Perceo. 2109; 
chiste {ace:) Bek. 2358. 

chitereu (chitre) ch^ter, garrire, Qow. conf. am, 2, 
318; chitering {part.) Chauc. C. t. 3258; see chateren. 

chiterling chitteriing, prompt parv. 

chitte, OHOerm. kizze {hinnulus, hqedus), killing; chit- 
tfiS „ca(Mio«", Wicl. gloss. 

chivelen, cmp. cluTel {rent) Evans's Leiceatersh. words 
18, rendl hise chokes . . . chiveled for elde »m. P. P. 

choppen, 0/>it*cft koppen ? cAop, Mand.2Q\ ; aeechappen. 

chou? chough, ASax. cea, ceo, ODuteh kauwe, chough, 
Mand. 59; keo prompt, parv.; see ch. 

chuffe, choffe miser? prompt parv. 77. 

chuffer tricksterf Town, myst 216. 

chuffing deeeaf Orm. 12177. 

chullen = cullen? drioet and chulles him as men 
don & beilQ Ilalliv}. diet, 249; we hafe bdn chased to daye 
and chulled as hares ibid. 

d& (daa), ASax. dk, doe, Oaw. gloss. 375 ^ Iw. 2027; 
du (doo) prompt pars, 124; Wicl. gloss. 15. 

dabbe dab. blow, {ace.) Alis. 2306. 


dabben 1 43 

dabben, ODutch dabben, dab, knock; dabbep {prea.) 
Wr. p. t. 192. 

dadren (dadir), Ga-m. dadern, tadern {chatter)? Or. 
wb. 2, 671, Schm. b. wb. I, 462, dadder, r/rigutire", prompt, 
parv. 121*. 

dael, ASaa: dael, (ge-)dai, OSax. CFris. dtA, Olcd. 
deili, Gotk. dails, OlJGerm. teil, deal, part, portion, dael, 
d^l (deal) Laz- 2951; 9436; dael, d^I Orm. 1722; 2715; 
d^l 3/orA. 17; a. r. 276; Shoreh. 145; Manrf. 231; vis. 
P. P. 10573; prompt, pare. 117; Amad. Rob». 14, 8; pat 
Oper del Bnmd. 3; sum del all^uantum, Ka'k. 668; Sejt. 
688; dail Gaio. gloas. 376; daelea (y^) Orm. 10497; com- 
pos. ordfil, ford€l, 

daelen, ASax. daelan, OFris. dfila, Olcel. deiK GoiA. 
dailjan, Ofl^Girm. teileii, Jea^ dwiirfc, distribute, Orm. 6175; 
dfilen, dealen a. r. 28; 224; delen CAattc. C t 247; dfile 
«. a. (Tr. 3442; pr. conse. 3460; deile Amad. Web. 651; 
dale i/oHilic. did. 290; pei delep cw. P. P. 5656; deale, 
dSle (imper.?) jvdgef a. r. 276; 286; 362; daelde {pret.) 
La^. 21126; dfilde Bek. 1191; d^ied (part.) Rob. Otovc. 
23, 17; chron. of Engl. 370; compos, bi-, i-, todaelen. 

delate, ASax. daelere, dealer, prompt, parv. 117. 

daffe daff, dastard, dolt, prompt, parv. Ill ; vis. P. P. 
737; Chauc. C. t. 4206. 

daffen daff, daunt; compos, bidaffen. 

daft, ASax. daeft {mitis), dafi {deft), meek,timid, dull, 
stupid, Mapes 343; dafte Orm. 2175; Chest, pi. 1, 134; 
deft prompt, pare. I 16; dat defte meiden rd. ant. 1, 209. 
daft«hke defily, decenUy, Orm. 1216. 

daftij, LGertn. Dutch deftig {»did, respectable). 
dafti^hke decently, Orm. 15921. 

dagge, ODutch A&gge{pugio),OFr.d&gue,Bret.Aa,g{dague), 
Gael, dag (pistol), dag, jag, prompt. parv. Ill ; dagges (pi.) 
Chauc r. r. 7260; dep. of R. 21, 12. 

dagge n (daggio), OFr. daguer, pierce, cut, jag, prompt, 
parv. 112; vis. P. P. 14211; dagga,iide speris HaUiw. diet. 
290;dagged(/wrt) C.hauced. Tyrwh. p. \bf»;Lidg.m.p.20ii. 

daggen, Olcel. doggva (trrorare, irrigare), dag (deg), 
moisten, sprinkle; compos, bidaggeu. 

dagger, Welsh Bret, dagor, dagger, Chauc C. t. 113. 

daj, AStix. daeg. OSax. dug, Olcel. dagr, Goth, dags, 
OHGerm.t&g, day, Orm. 4168; daei, dai La^. 833; 10246; 


144 da3 

dei Kaih. 747; a. r. 20; dai Wr. treat 132; al dai toujours, 

Bek. 1458; ia Aai hodie, Katk. 788: o.r. 278; da^es (^em.) 

Las- 26464; daies by day, Katk. 1078; deies a. r. 418; 

da^e, daye {doL) La^. 82; 146; nou a dai{e) Goto. conf. 

am. }, 64; after his faderdai(e) Ckauc. C. t. 9012; dawe 

fi^cA.3249; nu bi dawe Wr. p. s. 326; bi deie a. r. 32; 

daeies (dft^es) {pi.) Imt,. 16587; daies, dahes Kath. 1562; 

1844: dayes Wicl. John 11; dawea a. r. 70; Alie. 1436; 

Gow. conf. am. 2, 113j Law^. I; dasen (i/en. j)l.) Shoreh. 

126; dajen, dawen (tiat pi.) La^. 1284; 4277; dawen ^iw. 

5631; see daje. 

dairtiwe aurora, Mor. a. p. 2, 893. 

daircd, ,lSaa:. daegrsd, OlIGerm. tagarDt, aurora, rel. aoTtgs 

4, 17. 

dairieme naurora", rel. anL 1, 130; dairimoW andni^kt 


daisterre miorMtM^-«tor, Wf. voe. 272; FFici. t^bw. 13; owl 

and night. 328. 

dajwhamllk daily: heore da^whamllke swine On». 6238. 

dft3 (d&gh), ':^8aa-. dftg, ODutck deeg, 0/ce/. deigr, 
GoCi. daigs, OHGetm. teig, dough, IVr. voc. 201; dou^ 
IFtW. (/^ow. 15; dow prompt, parv. 128; doghe (dat) I. 
c. c. 41. 

dowribbe prompt, parv. , 
dowtrow tftiy. 

daje? ASax. daga? Grein'a gloss., day; da3eD (nowt. 
pL) LaT,. 3615; dawene (dai^ene) {gen,, pi.) 4605; twenti 
dahene gong Kath. 2502. 

da^ien, ASax. dagian, Olcel daga, OHGerm. tagen, 
from daj, t?a!o€, dawn; da3eii Wart. hist. 1, 21; dayin, 
dawin prompt, parv. 1J2; dawen Wr. spec. 96; a. a. Web. 
2249; dawe «w. P. P. 12437; dawed (j)res.) o. r. 352; 
dawep Chauc. C. t. 1678; da^ede, dawede (pret.) La^. 
1694; 8523; dawed Degrev. 597. 

dawuDge, ASax. daguug, dawning, {dat.) a. r. 20; 
dawinge Gaw. gloss. 376; daing ant. Arth. 37, 5. 

dale, ASax. dael, OSaar. Gotk dai, 0/ce/. dalr. OHGerm. 
tal, <iaie. vailej/, (nom. occ.) Orm. 9203; iio6. Giowc. 362, 
1; vis. P. P. 29; pr. come. 1044; pat dale LaT,. 27166; 
dale {dot.) owl and night. 1; Alia. 2550; daeles, dales (j)2.) 
La^. 5191; 20860; dales ^/opea 348; deales a. r. 282 

d41e, Olcel. deila, OHGerm. teila, dole, division, distri- 

dalyiii 1 46 

butvm, Orm. 8273; dflle (dile) a. r. 10; peos laste dSle 
412; dole prompt, parv. 126; d&le {ace.) Mark. 22; &De 
dale Kath. 99; ne scalt Jiu naever halden d&le {the other 
text has deal) of mine landeLaj. 3084; dole r,. of I. 291 ; 
heo eoden to [(aere dlL\e {distribution of alms) La^. 19646; 
dales (pi.) Orm. 3266; doles Rob. Glouc. 165, 12; via. P. 
P. 1498; dolen a. r. 10. 

daljin, anp.Germ. daleu, taleii Gr. wb. 2, 696, dally, 
^fabtdari'', prompt, paro. 112; dalye Gaw. gloss. 376; di- 
sours dalye Alis. 6991; daile Rob. Br. 116, 3. 

da Ike (dalk?), dimin. of dale? delk, kotloic, nVallis", 
prompt, parv. 112; rd. ant. 2, 78; pr. consc. 6447. 

dam, OFris. ODvich dam, OJcel. dammr, MHGerm. 
laiii, dam, „agger'', prompt parv. 113^ „gtagnum", Wr.voc. 
239; ps. 106, 35*. 

dame, Of'n dame, dame (dam), a. r. 230; Mand. 302; 
Percev._ 336. 

dampen, MUGerm. dempfen, damp; damped (part.) 
Mor. a. p. 2, 989. 

danger (dimuger), OFr. dangler, danger, dominion, 
subjection, a. r. 3^)6; Chauc. C. t. 665; pr. consc. 8522. 

dank dank: on |>e danke of pe dSwe mani dedeliggis 
Ilfdliw. diet. 292. 

dauten (daunte), OFr. danter, davnt, tame, Wicl. gloss. 
13; daunted (pret.) vis. P. P. 10422. 

daper, ODut(ji daper (strenuus, foHis), OTcel. dapr 
(tristis), OHGerm. tapherer (gravis), dapper, pretty, prompt, 
parv. 113. 

dap pel dapple. 
dappul- (dapple-) grai Chanc. C.t. 15292 Wr. 13813 Tyr. 

dar, ASax. dear(r), OSax. (gi-)dar, OFris. dor (thor), 
Goth, dars, OHGerm. (ge-)tar, (pret. pres.) dare, Orm, 
10659; harrow. 14:2; Mand. 249; vis. P.P. 9130; sacmm. 
316; ne dar (for I)arf) he seche n6n oper l^clie e. of I, 
733; iler La^. 6639; a. r. 206; SAoj-eA. 5; darst Oi-m. 
5615; oW a/td night. 1693; c. o/ i. 1081; hou perstou 
(^ derst pou?) . . . nemiie hia name Brand. 27; nedurren 
Iieo'{dorren liii) me abiden La^. 15063; durre Alis.lBli; 
men durre (Jor purve) selde here orf in hous a wintre 
briuge Rob. Glove. 43, 7; (pel) dur Mand, 271; durn, 
doren WicLgloss. 15; dor Ckavc, C. t. 12589; we nepore 
(=dorre?) abide nojt Bek. 1375; durre (subj. J owl and night. 


146 dar 

1704; durren a. r. 128; derie. diirren. 

dar, Olcel. darr (hasta)f dar, dace, Wr. voe. 253. 

dare, ASax. daru, ODutch Aei'e,0H0e7'm tara, harm, 
ityury; { r.da.rr^) Qo'v. t/losa. 376; dore owl and night. 1124; 
dei-e /w. 2577; Rich. 1696; erl of T. 642; Efflam. 513. 

darien (darin) hide, lurk, „lalei-e", prompt, paro. 113; 
Lidg. m. p. 153; dare Wr. spec. 50; transact. 18, 2G; 
CAoHC. V. t. 14514; eW o/ 1. 553; J/or. a. p. 1, 838; 
darie (pres.) Mark. 16; i droupe and dare Mm. 2; dore 
liulliw. diet. 311; and darip per for dr^de Triam. 321; 
dared so ^e ded w6re rel. ant 1, 217; deovelen pat in 
bam dearied (daried) Kath. 553; daren ant. Anh. 4, 12; 
oc darenstille in here pit als so heweren of dede (= de- 
de) offrist rel. ant. 1, 236; dare (»ubj.) owl and night. 
884; dearcde (pret.) Katk. 1135. 

darkicn hide, latere; darkis (pi-es.) Gate, gloss. 376; 
darked, darkeden (pret.) Will, gloss. 220; see. derkieit. 

dart, ASax. dareit? Olcel. darradr? OHGerm. tiirt? 
dart, ^tdtim", prmnpt. parv. IH; Mand. J17; Chavc. 
C. t"1566. 

daschen, Dan. daske, Swed. daska, dash, Alis 2837; 
daschto ipret.) Itob. Glouc. 51, 20; daschande {part.)Mor. 
a. p,Z,H2; compos, todaschen. 

dasin, Olcel. dasa (desidem esse), ODutch daesen, 
dwaesen {delii-are, desipere), daze, doze, grow dull or faint, 
„oaligare^, prompt, para. 114; daae Hartsk. 7net. L 311; 
i dase and i dedir Town. myst. 28; dased {-pret) Mor. a. 
p. 3, 383; dasid „vertiginosvs^, prompt, patv.; dased pr. 
consc. 6647; dosed is pi looke Vkauc. k. of f 658. 

dasewen, ASax. dvaesigean (ineptirejf grofo dizzy, duU 
or dim, „caligare'*, Wtd. gloss. 13; daaewide (pret.J ibid.; 
see dusien. 

dasi, ASax, dvaesig (stultua)? see dusi, 
Pdasi-, daisiberd simpleton, prompt, pare. Hi; dosebeird 
Chest pi. 2, 34. 

dasmin, Olcel. dasama (mirari), cmp. OFris. desema 
(stupor), grow dizzy, prompt parv. 114. 

dastard, cmp. Olcel. daestr {fesavs), dastard, prompt. 
parv. 114. 

daub in, /ndobaim, Welsh d-whiB.\f,davb,plaster, prompt 
parv. 114; dauben Wtd. gloss. 13. 

d&we^ OHGerm. taha, daw; compos, ciidawe. 


de 117 

de, OFr. Latde. 
deceiven, OFr. deceyoir, deceive; desaive pr. conse. 42S5. 
defenden defend; diffende hidg. tn.f. 209; defendide (pf**-) 
I^iW. glo»i. 

delit, OFr. delit, delight, a. r. 11 2. 

(leliteii, OFr. dellter," delight, a. r. 52 ; delited (j»-f(.) pr, 
consc. 8336. 

deliveren (delivere) deliver, Mand. 2; dilivere c- of I. 3C8. 
depeinten depaint; dcpeinted {part) c. of I. 704. 
depriveii (deprive) deprive, Mor. a. p. 2, 1 85. 
deserveii, OFr. desorvir, deserve; deserve (pres.) Chavc. 
C. t. 1234; deserved (part.) c. of I. 402. 
despiseii (dispise), OFr. despire, Lat. despicere, despise, 
pr. conic. 4252; dispisen (pres.) Mand. 295. 
despit, OFr. despit, Ttal. dispetto, Lat. despectus, despite, 
spite, Hob. Glouc. IS, 18; Chattc. C. t. 7758; dieplt hidg. 
m. p. 67. 

distres distress, Mor. a. p. 2, 1160. 

destruien (destruye) destroy, vis. P. P. 11797; destruyed 
(pret.) Wait. hist. 1, 16. 

de, Fr. de, die; deea (pi.) dice, Gow, conf. am. 2, 89; 
decs (dis) Chauc. C. t. 13882 Wr. 12401 Tyr. 

dead, ASax.AmA, OFris. d&d,dath, OSaa-.AoA, Oleel. 
daudr, Goth. daupR, OHGerm. toter, toder, dead, ret. songs 
5, 248; Wicl. John 6; Lidg. m. p. 35; diad ret ant. 1, 
42; dea<l, daed La'T,. 19fi; 10247; daed Orm. 908; deed 
Chauc. C. t. 148; deade (pi.) Mark. I; dede Percev. 155. 
deadlich, ASax. deadlTc, deadly, mortal, Kath. 1104; a. r. 
206; deadhche seune Shoreh. 99; deadli, deedii Wicl-gloss. 
13; dfidli Govs. conf. am. 1, 355; vis. F. P. 9070. 
dSdlines Ilalliw. diet. 295. 

deaf, ASax. deaf, OFris. daf, OSacc. dof, Olcel d&vir, 
Goth, daubs, OHGerm. touber, deaf, Marh. 20; daef Or»n. 
9887; deef Chauc C. t. 448; pr. ccmsc. 782; Lidtf. m. p. 
189; Ivd. Cov.25i; Aeii Mar. mir. pi. 99 ; Aea\e(pl.)Kath. 
1061; deve vis. P. P. 13211. 
' defli, Olcel. Axai\\%T(tristis), deaJly,dvUy, Tourn. my st. 100. 

deah, ^Sna-. deag, deah, OSax. Aog, Goth, dung, OIIGerm. 
toug, (pret. 2)res.) is good, ft or worth, Kath. 1853; dfih 
Marh. 1 ; pet ou ne deih a. r. 420 ; Thebald nouht ne ddili 
Jiob. Br. 133, 24; Jiat ping pat noht ne daeh Orwi.4872. 

dead, ^Saa-. dead, OFris. d4th, dad, OSasr. di^d, Olcel 

148 dMe 

dsaSi, Goth, daupus, OHGerm. tod, dfoth, Kath. 1127; 
Shores. 28; dead, dM £(13. 284; 2587; dfip Chaue. C. t. 
607; H'ic/./oAn 12; daep Orm. 174C0; deth, AtA prompt, 
pai-v. 116; ded Iw. 1269; pr. eonsc. 815; Mar. mir. pi. 
151; (deid) Amad. Hobs. 8, 12 Web. 152; died fwrn. 
p. 8, 93; deades (jm.) Kath. 1143. 
deel)dai wis. P. P. 1575. 
dSpprowe .f'«m. ^. 15, 192. 

dede, ASair. daed, OFris. dMe, 05ftic. dad, 0/crf. 
dad, Ooth.iUis, OHGirm. t&t, ,/iwn dfin, deed,Lfr^. 2655 
o. r. 62; Orm. 2267; Rob. Glove. 73, 12; {acc) Chat 
C. t 4853 ; p: consc. 2485; in dMe in deed, really, Cha\ 
C. t. 661 ; dfiden (pi.) a. r. 86; rd. ant. 1, 131 ; Wr.spec. 
;j9; c. of I. 938; deden (dedes) La'^. 4864; cicades A^nfA. 
575; compos, mis-, weldsde. 
dfidbcte a. r. 348; daedbote Crm. 6025. 

d^den, ASaa: dMan, ffo(A. daupjan, OHGerm. toden, 
dead, perish: pe olde tre bigan to dede s. s. Web. 623; 
d^ded {part.) Wicl. gloss.: compos, adeadeit. 

d43en, OFris. dcia, Olcel. deyja, Goth, daujan, OSacr. 
doian, OUGemi. tov&n, die, Oi-m. 8090; dei^en La'^. 283; 
dSien Kaib. 958; d^yen Will, gloss. 221 ; dgyin prompt. 
pai^. 117; dSje harrow. 54; d^se, dee Gaw, gloss. 376; 
dfiye Chavc. C. t. 11290; dfighe, dighe jw. cojwc. 1939; 
1942; dien c. of I. 218; die met. kom. 79; jif his frend 
schal die on pat evile Mand. 201; dejede {pret^ iaj. 
7150; dfiide Kath. 1101; vis. P. P. fi970; d^ieden «. r, 
301; dieden Mand. 286; dfiiande (pnrt) Halliw. diet-. 296. 

d^ye, Olcel. Ae\^% female servant, prompt, parv. 116; 
CAawc. C. (. Tyr. 14852; Hardio. poem 15, 5; deie Wr. 
p. s. 327; dSie? rel. ant. 1, 129; deye male servan'f stat. 
25 Edw. Ill, St. 1, c. 1, quoted by Ttjrwkitt in note on 
Chauc C. t, 14852; the aldirmaii and die of the same 
glide wills and invent 30. 

dfiyen (d^ye), ASax, deagian, dye, „tingere", Chavc. 
C. t. 11037; diin prompt, parv. 124. 

deyer dyer, Chavc. C. t. 364. 

deieri, dein dairy, ptompt. parv. 

deinte dainty, d. r. 412; deintee vis. P. P. 6671. 

del? cmp. OFi-is. del, ODvtch delle, Olcd. dael, ddl,- 
dele (dat.) rel. ant. 1,208; dellun (</a(. pl.)anl.Artli. 4,11. 

delf, ASax. delf, delf, g^-ave, ditch, pit; delfe (dat.) 


delven 1 49 

3f<xr. 7ntr. pt. 156; delves (pi.) Wicl. gloss. 

delven, ASaic. delfan, OFris. delva, OHOerm. telban, 
delve, grave, dig, ^fodere", Lot,. 15894; vis. P.P. 13684; 
delviii prompt, parv. 118; Lidg. m. p. 145; delve Ckauc. 
C. t. 538; delfep ipres.) Oi-m. 6485; Aalf Hob. Glouc.l3l, 
7; s. s. Web. 2419; Skorek. 165; dulven a. r. 292; dulve 
Marg. 219; dolveil vis. P. P. 4173; dolven {part) Mand. 
62; vis. P.P. 4156; Ckauc. r. r. 4070; idolveu a. r. 292; 
compos, bidelven. 

delvere, ASa.r. delfere, delver, digger, vis. P. P. 444. 

dSme, ASas:. deinn, OHGerm. tuomo, jvdge, (dat.) a. r. 
428*; Orm. 650; owl and night. 1781; {ace.) La^. 363; 
demen {dot.) Fui-n. p. 8, 48. 

d^men, -4Saa". dimaii, Oi'Vis, dfima, Oicei doema, Co(A. 
domjjin, OIlGerm. tuomen, from dom, deem, doom, judge, 
Orm. 652; Mand. 41; pet tu sclialt demen pi sulven wod 
a. r. 120; deme It'iW. John 7; ml i'ader of hevenhasme 
doun sent to ddme youre dedes Mar. mir. pi 188; oper 
folk to deme Lidg. m. p. 12; demdc {pret.) La-T,. 4936; 
a. r. 306; -S/«weA. 85; demden Kath. 330; (AtianAen) har- 
row. 54; ddmed (/>ai-(,) met, hom. 7; pA cojisc. 1995; com- 
pos, for-, id^meii. 

dfemare, ASax. dSmere, judge, a. r. 286. 

d^mstere judi/e, pr. consc. p. 270. 

d e in m e D (demme), ASax. demman, OFris. demma, dam, 
stop? Mor. a. p. 1, 223; demnied {pret.) 2, 384. 

den, ASax. dean (cubile), ODiUckdenne {area, antrum), 
OHOerm. tenni {area), den, cave, nSpecus", prompt, parv. 
118; „spelunai'*, Wicl. John 11; Jiet den gr. 24; denne 
„cavema", Wr. voc. 271; denne {dat) La-i,. 22015; Alia. 
5400; acow. Arth. 6, 12. 

dene, ASax. dene, denu, ODutok done {asser, taiida)? 
dene, „vaUis", Wr. voc. 92; „convallem", pa. 59, 8*; Mor. 
a. p. I, 2D5. 

dennien, ASax. denuian? lodge? wA he dennede him 
in dat defte maiden ret. ant. 1, 209. 

deofel, ASax. deofol, OIIGerm. tiufal, Lat. diabolus, 
devil, Orm. 671; deovel La'^. 1766'J; a. r. 208. 

deop, ASax. deop, OFris. diap, OSax. dlup, Olcel 
diupr, Goth, diups, OHGcrm. tiufer, deep, a. r. 224; Mark. 
15; deop (deap) La^. 647;'deope Marg. 91; dSp Orm. 
16697} Mapes 335; k dilpe dich Brand. 37; deope (p/.) 


Wr. spec. 62; deope in his flfech hi wode Bek. 2132; pat 

3e ne falle to d^pe Skoreh. 104; deoppre (cw«/i(w.) Mark, 
gloss. 100; depper vis. P. P. 10020; Chavt. C. t. 12178. 
deopllche deeply, a. r. 154, 

deope, ASax. deope, (ro(A, diupei, OZ/CefTw. tiiiti, deep, 
sea, (ace.) Fum.p. 15, 84; deepe ( Jo(,) Ckaiic. C. t. 4875. 

deopien? Goth, (ga-)diupjan ? deepen: deoped into pe 
aoule a. r. 288. 

dfipniase, ASax. deopniss, deepness, Kath. 980. 

deor, ASax. deor, OFris. diar, OA'aar. dier, Olcel. diiir, 
djr, Goth, dius .ia*. )o(, diuzaiu, OHGerm. tior, tier, rfee?*, 
animal. Lot,. 6438; deor, dfir Orwi. 1177; 1312; dfir rci. 
«n(. 1, 215; dor oml and night. 493; deores {yen?\ La^. 
30555; a. r. 196; deore ((^at.) ia3. 6459 ; deor(i»i.) 1125; 
Alis. 461; deir, d^r Gaw. gloss. 376 f duer ckron. oj Engl. 
30; deoren (liat. ^i.) ia3. 1128. 
deorfrid Lai,. 1436. 

deor? deore, ASax. deor [fortis, gravis), deore (|>re((o- 
sus, gloriosits, nohHis, carus) Grein's gloss., OFris. diore, 
diure fpretiosus), OSax. diuri, Olcel. djrr (pretiosus, glo- 
riosus, eximiva, cams), OHGerm, tiurer (pretiosus, cams), 
dear, precioKS, excellent, noble,La^. 165; a. r. 408; deore, 
d€re Orm. 2206; 2356; deere Ckauc. C. t. 2455; Aermet. 
horn. 11; d^re Mand. 252; Hardw.poem, 78, 6; til Arthur 
pe dere Perccv. 508; of dustimenaud of dere amw.Artk. 
1, 6; uou f^le we it dere (grieoons) pr. conac.1469; d4re, 
deir G aw. gloss. Z1^; duere rel. ant. I, 110; deorre (coiwjj.) 
a. r. 190; derre CAawc. C. t. Tyr. 1450; deoreste faw;)er/.) 
La^. 8975; derreat wis. P. P. 904; deare dearly, a. »■• 392^ 
Bek. 112; deere Lidg. m. p. 217; dSre ltick.hsi2: duere 
harrow. 59; Wr. j?, «. 214. 

doorhche dearly, LaT,. 31752; drinke to him deorli Wr. 
spec. Ill; dereliche llalliw. diet. 299; derfi Will, gloss. 
221; d6reliz)is. P.P. 12962; deorlnker(co»»;j.)ia3. 30060. 
deorewurpe preciotts, Orm. 6689; durewurde (dSreworpe) 
La^. 16700; dSrwurpe avow. Arth.. 22, 8; derworpe c. of 
I. 27. 

deorling,-J8aiE. deorliiig, rfaWiwj, La3. 63 1 6 ; a. r.SG; 
derling Orm. 9219; pr. come. 8791; Iwd. Cov. 53; diirling 
Brand. 3. 

derp, Olcel. d^f^, OHGerm. tiui"ida, dearth, worth, Amis 
1822; dfirpe Mand.38; vis. P.P. 4460; Mor. a. p. 1, 99. 


dfipen 151 

depen (d^pe), ^Saa-. dfipan, deapian, OFris. cl4pa, Qoth. 
daupjan, OlIGerm. toufen, dip, Shoreh. 11. 

ilerf, ASax. deorf (?) Ettm. lex., dearf Jiout. ev. gloss., 
OSax. dervi, Olcel. diarfr FrUzner's -ordh., from dervcn, 
hmvl, Btrong, sore,Marh. 5; a. r. 348*; Orm. Ifi780; Qaio. 
gloss. 376; Mor. a. p. 2, 862; for pi deffe d6de aooo). 
Arth.bA, 12; derfe (pi.) Mar. 190; derv re (comp.) 
Katk. 948; pe derveste dead 6G5; dsrffe) strongly, met. 
horn. 23. 

derflrche strongly, sorely, a. r. 114; derfltke re^ ant. 1, 
218; deorflike On». 9752; derfli Gaw. gloss. 376; ant. 
AhH. 24, 13. 

dorf, ASax. (ge-)deorf, hardship, affliction, pain, Marh. 
5; a. r. 80; pe derf of dead if<T(ft. 2426; uas nk man 
pat durate him derf makien Laj. 10943. 

derien, ASax. OSax. derian, OFris. dera, OHOerm. 
terian, tervivn, from dare, harm, injure, Fum. p. 8, 168; 
derye Shoreh. 23; Ali». 3G57; deren re(. ««(. 1, 212; vis. 
P. P. 4568; dere Mand. 13; CAnnc. C. t. 1824; p«. 88, 
23; 7)?", cottsc. 2290; Jl/t« 3; Percev. 1171; oaow. .rJ)-(A. 
3, 11; we dei-iep (pres.) Marg. 226; derede {pret.) Lai,. 

derk, ASax. deorc, dearc, dark, prompt, pare. 119; c. 
of I. 71; 1/anrf. 237; Goto. conf. am. 2, 120; Wart. kist. 
1, 185; /wti. (70!!. 21; dearct/n 26; deork iiei. 1411; dark 
Wr. treat. 134; Fmj-m. j). 2, 43; dirk an!. Artk. 6, 10; Lirf^r. 
m. p. 144; darkenist Ilardw. poem 57, 4; darkest (aw^er- 
ia<.) 3farA. 8. 

derkhed obscurity, Wart. kist. 2, 5; deorkhed Halliw. diet. 
298; durched Brand. 2. 
derkllclie darkly, vis. P. P. 6363; 

derknes darkness, Ckauc, C. t. 1453; derknesse vis. P. P. 

derkien (derkin), .ilSaar. deorcian, (/rarfcew, promptparv. 
119; derkede (pret.) U beans disc. 1379; derkeden Wicl 
gloss. 14; derked {part.) Gow. eon}, am. 3, 807; dirkid 
'Lidg. m. p. 138; idurked Bek. 1414. 

derknien? OHGerm. tarclmen, terchnen {awpprimere, 
paltiare), hide, latere; durkene {pres.) (raw. gloss. 378; 
dirking ajit. Artk. 5, 1; durcninde (part) Kath. 2049*. 

derne, AS'^x. deme, dyrne (oJscaraa, occultus, secretus), 
OSax. demi, secret, La-i^. 13604; Marh. 8; C. of I. 1030; 


152 derne 

WtU. gloss. 221; Gaw. gloss. 376; vis. P. P. 1235; met. 
horn. 166; bi k derne sti(e) IsuTnb. iO; godes denie mnes 
«. r,96; dern Mar. 181; dearne fi"a(A. 574; daerne 
Orm.2004; durne BeA:. 23 ; dierne iTicfc. (fies. I, 222; derne 
secreityy Wr. spec. 23; Mor. a. p. 2, 697; luvie derne owl 
anitnight. 1355. 

detnehche secretly, a. r. 146; Hartsh. met. t. 103; deruelike 
Halliw. diet. 299; derne-(deorne-)lich6 Z<a5. 4393; dearue- 
llche ifa(A. 407 ; dernli Town.myst. 141; derneliiker (comp.) 
a. r. 128. 

derne, jlSaa;. dyrne, secrecy: in pe derne owi and 
night. 608; in derne ps. 9. 29; awow. j4rtA. 52, 12; 14t ua 
halde us in derne Degree. 607. 

d e r n e n , ASa^x. dernen, dyrnen {occuUare, celare), OSax. 
demian (id.), OHGemi. tarnen (occultare, dissim\dare^,hide, 
conceal, La^. 13549; derni Shoreh. 79. 

d e r Y e n , ASax. deorfan, OFris. (for-)derva, OSax. 
(far-)dervan, Olcel. (for-)diarfa, grieve, afflict, pain, harm, 
a. r. 382; c. of I. 676; to derveu mine sfiute Hicl<: 
tkea. 1,227; dervecl (j)res. indie.) Kath. 1684; derve {subj.) 
Mark. 12; compos, iderven; deriv. derf. 

deu, ASax. deav, OFris. dau? dat. dawe, OHOenn. 
tau, ton, Olcel. diigg, d'iW, Wr. treat. 137; Mapes 347; 
Wr. spec. 72; met. horn. 2(i; daew Orm. 13865; dewe (rfoi.) 
Wr. treat. 137. 
? deulappe dewlap, prompt, parv. 120. 

deven, .dSna-. deafian, OFris. diva, 0/ce^. deyfa, /rom 
deaf, deave, deafen, stun, stupefy, Gaw. gloss. 377; d^vit 
ipret) ant. Arth. 22, 4; devid (part.) hid. Gov. 348; com- 
pos, ad^ven. 

d ^ w i e n (dewiu), ASax. deavian, Dutch danweii, 
OHGerm. towen, Olcel. doggva, dew, prompt, pare. 120; 
daewen (?>-m. 13848; d4wep(^rc*) WicLgloss. 14; see daggen. 

die, dich, ASax. die, OFris. difc, Olcel. dik, diki, 
MHGerm. tict, ditch, dike; dik jwom^f. parv. 121; eune 
die (one dicla) La^. 646; pa (pe) dicli 12570; in p^re die 
(pan dich) 12595; in k dik falle vis. P. P. 7410; t6 del- 
ven k dich 13684; dicli a. r. 216; Bob. Glouc. 549, 15; 
Brand. 27; Alis. 6632; (diche) Mand. 29; diche (dat) 
Chaiie. C. t. 4104; Orph. 347 ; to pare diche owl andnight. 
1237; dike Rich. 6021; dichcB (pi.) X03. 9238; diche 
Furn. p. 8, 21. 


dlchen 153 

dichei), ASax. dtcian, OFris. dika, ditsa, ditch, dike; 
diche, diken vix. P. P. 4078: 13430; dikiii prompt, pan. 
121; dike Qow. Gonf. am. \, 15; Ckauc C. t. 538; dike- 
den (pret.)vis. P. P. 4173. 

dikere, ASax. dicere, ditcher, vis. P. P. 444. 

diderin didder, tremble, rffigtUire", prompt, parv. 121; 
diotus geruthim to dedur«oo(r. Arth. 25, 3; dedir (jtres.) 
Town. myst. 28; see dadren. 

digge? dig, duck; digges {pi.) I. c. c. 9; Chest, pi. 1, 
53 {Mar. mir. pi. 9). 

diggen dig, fodere. Mand. 107; diggiu prompt, pare. 
121; digge s. 3. iVr. 1*31; Lidg. m. p. 145; digged (iwei.) 
vis. p. p. 4011; see daggeii. 

di^el, ASaa-. d^gol (digol), deogol, deagol, OHGerm. 
tougaler, secret: in one supe disele hale oicl atul night. 2. 
di3elliche secretly, Lai,. 13539. 

diselnesse, ASax. djgelness, fleccec^, t(io(.) L03, 2391 ; 
dilielnesse (<kc.} Onn. 5501. 

dihten, ASax. dihtaii, Lat. dictiive, dight, dispose, pre- 
pare, dress, La^. 3150; Kath. lill ; „Ai]itin parare", provtpt. 
parv, 123; „ditiii dictare", ibid.; hi ISten hem dijte 4 gr^t 
Bchip Brand. 5; di3t(e) i bap Eglam. 526; to d6])e diste 
aoow. Artk. 4, 8; dighte Perceo. 652; Tor. 1966; dihte 
{pret.) Marh. 2; he dihte feole domes La3. 7221; jie king 
dihte him for to weiide k of T. 954; diste Shoreh. 10; 
and dighte me dereli via. P. P. 12962; dight {part.) 
Ckauc. C. t. 14147; pn connc. 448; A lettre has he dight 
Degree. lH'o; idiht Kath. 1607; compos, adihteii. 

dil^hcn, ASax. diligian, OFris. (ur-)diligia, OSax. 
(far-)diligoii, OHGerm. tiiigon, destroy, Orm. 4083. 

dille, ASax. dile, OHGerm. tilli, dill, „anethum", prompt. 
parv. 121. 

dim, ASax. dimm, OFris. dim, Olcel. dimrar, dim, owl 
and night. 577; Shorek. 86; c. 0/ i. 71; Mand. 60; Perceo. 
1994; pr. coh5C.1166; Mar. mir. pi. 149; (dimme)p\Mwp(, 
ptiro. 121; pis dimme place vis. P. P. 12717; dimme 
dimly. Goto. conf. am. 2, 292; pough i loke dimme vis. 
P. P. 5970. 
dimliche dimly; dimluker {comp.) a. r. 210. 

dimmen, ASax. dimmian, Olcel. dimma,<itni, rel. anJ. 
1, 65; dimmin prompt, parv. 121; dimmip {pres.) Furn. 
p. 6, 7; dimmed {pret.) via. P. P. 3186. 


154 dimmiDg 

dimming dimming, Rich. 6977; Tor. 514*. 

dindelin dindle, tintjle, prompt, pare. 121. 

ding, ASax. ding (i*), dnn(j, Furn. p. 1, 7. 

dingeii ding, strike,vis. P.P. 4073; diiige Ali». 1732 
Havel. 215; pr. come. 7016; Percev. l'J67; £f?iain. 556 
dang (pret) 550; wij) liis tail I)e er]) lie dang Iw. 3167. 
dong Rich. 5270; diingen {part.) pr. cowtc. 3856; dongen 
JWtn. 29; dongun apol. 5. 

dingle, O/Zfi'fri/i. tunciilla(jM»-(7c*)?/romdung? dingle, 
Hark, gloss. 100. 

dis, OFr. dis, des, Lnf. dls. 
dischargen, OFr. descarchier, discharge, (pres.) Mand. 302. 
dislierite{n) disherit, Mor. a. p. 2, 185; disherited (paH.) 
Ckawc. I. g. w. 1063. 

departen depart; departede {pret) Bek. 483. 
dispendiii, Lat. dispendere, diisjiend, prompt, paiv. 122; 
dospended (part.) via. P. P. 6258. 
displfisen displease; displesez (^pres.) Moi: a. p. 1, 435. 
disport, OFr. de(s)port, dteport, sport, Chaue. V. t. 4041; 
sport h. of f. 664; htd. Cov. 185. 

derai, OFr. desroi, disorder. Gate, gloss. 376; pr. consc 
pref. XII; ant. Arth. 40, 6. 

drease(n), Fr. dresser, /(ai. Aiy^rvzzhVQ, dresn, dirc-i, Ckauc. 
C. t. 3468; dressed ilor. a. p. 2, 92. 
disteine, Fr. deteiiidre, distain, stain, Ghanc. I. g. w. 255; 
steiiie Gow. emif. am. I, 225; ilisteigned (part.) 1, 235; 
desteined IIoccl. 1, 340. 
de8turlii(eii) distwrl, Fvrti. p. 17, 360. 

dis? disc? LGftrm. dise {jlax prepared for spinning^ 
distaf, disestaf, ASax. distaef, distaff, „coIks", H^r. voc. 
157 & 269; diataf Ckauc. C. t. 3772. 

disch, ASaa-. OSax. disc (discus, tabula), Olcel. diskr 
(patina), OHGerm. tisc {inensa, fercalum), disc, dish, desk, 
(dish) ndisciis''', prompt. 2>arv. 122; Wicl. gloss. 14; ibrokeil 
nep oder disch a. r. 344; dische (dat) Mand. 52; desk 
2>lulevnt, jirompt. pari>. 120; deske (rf"f.) wills and in- 
vent. 3 'J. 

dise, OUOerm, dehsa (aacttt) ? rel. ant. 1, 8; see adese. 

dite, OFr. ditte, dictc, ditty, „caiiMn", jn-ompt. pare. 
123; Wicl. gloss. 14. 

diverien, cmp. ODufch A-dvereil (tremere), daver, tremble : 
pat ha lie schiilden nowder diyeren ne dreden A'afA. 619; 

docke 1 55 

Bpeoken i ne daP ii4wt, ali diven(e) aut darie Mai-h. 16. 

docke, ^^iSaa*. docee, dock, lapatkum, Ckauc. Trail. 5 1 30, 

docken (dokkiu) dock, „deeurtjre", protnpt. paro. 126; 
docked (pait) Chauc. C. t. 592. 

doddin dod, lop, prompt. ]>ai-p. 125; di)dde Wtcl. gloss. 
14; dodde|)(j>rM.) W,-. p. s. 192; idodded(;f)rtr(.)o.r. 422. 

doel, OFr. doel, duel, dole, grief, torrotc, vit. P. P. 
3246; doel, duel, dSl, dul Will, gloss. 221; doel, duil, deol, 
deil fVicl. gloss. 14; deol Jiob. Qlotic. 1C6, 9; duel Wr. 
spec. 34; dfll s. s. IIV. 710; dol (dool) Degreo. 1736; 
Isumb. 158. 

deolful dolffui, La^. 6901 ; delful, dulful Gaw. gloss. 376 
& 378; dilful Fglam. 759. 

dogerel doggerel: rim dogerel Ckauc. C. t. 15333. 

dogge, ODutck dogge,(fo(?, „canis'\ prmupt. paro. 125; 
a. r. 290; Rob. OlouC. 69, 4; Mand. 66; Chauc. V. t. 9888; 
doggen (pi.) Wr. p. a. 239. 

dohter, ASax. dohter, OFris. docliter, Olcel. dottir, 
Goth, dauhtar, OHGei-m. toliter, Gr. ftofa-njp, daughter, 
La^. 211; doghter pr. consc. 2130; doglitir Eglam. 68; 
douhter n. r. 170; doubter Bek. 22; doughter J/and. 246; 
dowter s. a. c. 2, 17; doftir li beaus disc. 689; doster 
(dowter) pj'ompt. parv. 129; dolitre (pi.) ta^. 3085*; doli- 
tren (dohtres) 2924; douhtren c. of I. 289; defter Mor. 
a. p. 2, 270; dehtren ehron. of Engt 545; dohtres Otin. 

doke, frdtn *duken, ODvtch duiken pret. AoKik., OhGerm. 
tuchan (?) pret. touh (?) tulilieii (douk, tauchen, mergere), 
dock, nanas'*, prompt, paro, 125; vis. P.P. 11495; Ckauc. 
0. t. 3576; dokes (pL) Mand. 216. 

dokare dioer, Wr. voc. 253; see doukere. 

do Ik, ASax. dole {spintker)? widute knotte (ft dolke 
a. r. 2. 

dolkeu? compos, fordolken. 

d6ni, ASax. OSax. OFris. dom, Olcel. donir, Ootk. 
doms, OHGerm. tuom, doom, judgement, sentence, decree, 
Orm. 1472; Rob. Glouc. 337, 7; pe dom . . . ne lAst lie 
nowit longe Furn. p. 8, 85 ; domes (gen.) oiol and night. 1 693 ; 
domes dai rel. songs 4, I ; domes moii a. r. 156; pe dai 
of dome pr. consc. 1859; domos (pl.J Lai,. 7221; compos. 
alder-, cristen-, freo-, hftli-, king-, rlclie-, wisdom; deriv, 


166 dompen 

domstol a. r. 306. 

dompen (domp) f(dl, plunge? Min. 47, 

don, ASaa: doQ, OSax. duan pres. dou, OFrU. dua, 
OHQeriH. tuon, do,inake, piU,Kath. 78i; a. r. IG; .Uhk^. 
3; (ioou) prompt. paro. 126; d6 j)r. coma. i2dO; . . . dial 
do pee iioglit drMe wts. P. P. 14232; to dei)e don chron. 
of Engl. 908; to donne K'aiA. 22*n ; a. r. G; to done BeA:. 
218; do (pres.) a. r. 200; dest Kath. 754; n. r. 124; owi 
nW H£^/i(. 321; Wr. spec. 104; dost Orm. 5258; doist 
li'tW. JoA« 3; ded a. r. 174; d4p Rob. Gloue. 321, 11; 
c. of I. 899; 14G8; dgd (dop) ia^. 674; dop Onn. 1042; 
36 dod 1434; heo dod a. i: 328; C. o/" ^. 896; dude [pret.) 
LaT,. 431; a. r. 102; liet. 1O50; dide {A\ide)Kath. 1552; 
dede Chauc. C.t. 2264; i««)n6.67; dudest «. r. 300; deo- 
deat (dudest) Laj. 2294; dudeii a. j-. 330; diden Orm. 
429; ui'a. P.P.9070; deAnn Hick. then. 1,225; dou (;^nH.) 
Orm. 237; CAawc. C. (. 2094; k. of T. 813; cowtptw. for-, 
idoii; dfij-i'p, dede. 

don ken moisten; donkep {^pren.) Wr.apee. 44; doukaiide 
(part.) Gate, glo^s. 377. 

doppe diver? Alia. 577G; compos. dSvedoppe. 

doppar (dive-)doppet; prompt, para. 127. 

dornen, cmp. OHGerm. betumcu (obdvrare) and pi- 
turner (conaternatus, confusits), deceive? per liusbondes [)ei 
wil 80 dome (r. w. borne) HV. g. a. c. 57, 33. 

dotard dotard, Ckavc. V. t. 5913. 

dote /oof, rei. ant. 1, 184; Trwi. 2, 72. 

dotiun, ODutch iot^n, Oi'V. (re-)doter, dote, rave, La-7,. 
3294; dotin „delirare, desipere^', prompt, pjro. 128; dote 
Cfiauc. C.t. 12911; lud. Cov. 98; «wow. Arth. 16, II; 
dotes(t) (^ea.) K^h. 2111; bis wittes failea and ofte he 
dotes pr. consc. 785; dotie (s^ihj-J a. r. 224; doted (part.) 
Will, gloaa. 222; compos, adotien. 

doteren totttr, stagger: he began to dotiir and dote 
avow. Arth. 16, 11; [)e due dotered to pe ground Dcgrev. 

doude? if she be never so foule a doude (r. w. shroude 
Town. myst. 311 (Mar. mir. pi. 183). 

doukere, OHOei-m. tflchari (mergu^J, „plongeon", ret 
ant. 2, 83. 

doune, ASaa:. dun, Olcel. dlinn, doicn, ^.pluma", prompt, 
parv. 128; doun Oow. conf. am. 2, 103. 


downen 157 

downen, Olcel. dauna (?), Aeyna, from Olcel. daunn, 
Goth, dauns, smell, Orm. 6745. 

doupar (dooper) diver, prompt, parv. 

douren, LOerm. di\ren, MHOemi. tiiren, grieve; dou- 
red (pi-et.) Mor. a. p. 3, 372. 

(louse, OJhttch tluise (concuhina)? yit is she & foule 
douse (r. w. house) Mar. mir. pi. 117; oure dame douse 
shal sitten him bl TfV. spec. 111. 

douve, ASoic. Olcel. dflfa, ODutck duive, Gtak. duho, 
OllOerm. tuba, dove, Mand. 87; Rich. 5671; vis. P. P. 
10422; dove hid. 'Cov. 48. 

drabelin, drablin drabble, prompt, parv. 129; see 
droblen and dravelen. 

draed, ASax. draed (?), dread, pavor ; drM La;^. 1660; 
a. r. 6; drede vis. P. P. 10970; pr. consc. 5263; (ace.) 
Rob. Olmte. 337, 4; Rick. 5515; dr&de (ace.) Alls. 574(1. 
drMful harrow. 202; c. of I. 454. 
dr^dfulli vis. P. P. 11494. 
dredlss Oaw. gloss. 
dredlreh ternhle, a. r. 58. 

draeden, A Sax. (on-)draeclan, OSnx. (an-)drAdan, 
OHGei-m. (iii-)trAten, dread, pavere, Orm. 5907; dreden 
La^. 31164; a. r. 136; drMe Goto. conf. atn. 1, 344; vis. 
P. P. 14232; dr^de (p^-es.) Katk. 1498; drfidep Hardw. 
poem 47, 10; dred (pret.j Wicl. gloss. 15; Rob. Br. . . .; 
dredde (for dr^d?) 0}-m. 19965; dradde Beh 127; Gow, 
conf. am. 1, 341; compos. adrMen. 

draeden, ASax. (of-)draedaii pret. draedde, afray, 
alarm; drSde k. of T. 429; n« drede je ow nAwiht I^ath. 
1403; diMde (pi-H.) Shoreh. 49; drad (for dr&ded) a/rai'd, 
Gaw. gloss.; compos, a-, for-, ofdr^den. 

draedung dreading, Onn. 5602. 

draf, ODuIck draf, OHGerm. (im\>) pi., treber, draff, 
dreg, dross, La^,. 29256; vis. P. P. 5617; Chavc. C. t 
17346; Wicl. gloss. 15; prompt, parv. 129. 

draf, ASnx. drAf, Olcel. dreif, OIIGerm. treip, /rom 
drifen, drove; drove (dot.) Hartsh. met. t. 2G4, 

drage, dragge, Fr. dragee, dredge, mixed coim, prompt, 
parv. 130; Wr. voc. 177. 

draggin, Swed. dragga, drag, prompt parv. 130. 

draje, OHGei-m. traga? 
drawbrig t/rawirit/^e, fic. 167; drawbrugge (occ.).4iis. 1205. 


158 dra^^n 

dra^en, ASax. dragan {h'ahere), OSox. Goth, dragati 
{ferre,portare), Olcel. draga (trahert), OFris. draga, drega 
{ferre), OllOerm. tragau (jerre), draw, trahere, jerre, 
ia3. 10530; dra^heii Orni. 11545; draheii, dreheii, draieii 
(dreieu) Xa(A. 33; 1193; 2237; Axahvi owl and night. \%1%', 
draye Tou;n.myst. 106; drawena. r. ICO; drawin ntrahere", 
prompt, parv. 130; drawe HV. treat. 135; Chavc. 0. t. 
1418; Wr. p.s. 153; Wicl.John 4; loc quejier i wit riht 
and lawe mai him wit me til helle drawe m-rfi. ham. 56; 
drawe (prea.)30; t« d6ji(e) i dreise Wr.spec. 34; drawes 
^>'. C0M5C 1291; drawe (iwyjer.) co/a, I. c. c.13; dr6h(jM-i(.) 
La^, 93; Marh. 2; purpre and pal he droh rel. ant. 1, 
119; dro;^ Qaw. gloss. 378; oper folk pider dr63 Mob. 
Olouc. 4!, 2; drogh jm: consc. 2249; laumh. 364; Amfid. 
Hobs. 26, 2; drouh a. r. 102; toward chirche he drouh 
Wart. kiat. 1,16; drogh, drough vis. P. P. 2889; 9126; 
dr6u3, drow Will, gloss. 222; drow Eglam. 316; M pu 
dead drohe Kath. 2467; dr63eii LaT,- ^18; (Sow. j^oss. 
378; drohen Katlt. 2155; drowen a. r. 110; vw. P. P. 
7252; pe ministres pat drowen Jte water IFtW. /oAm 2; 
drajhen (part.)' O/w*. 7413; drauhen Itob. Br. 183, 3; 
drajun eviscej-atus, I. c. c. 35; drain Trtst. 1, 65; drawen 
Mand. 40; parfor pis buk es on Ingles drawon pr. consc. 
336; compos, a-, i-, to-, up-, ut-, widdrajeii. 

draht, ODutck dragt, Olcel. drattr, MHGerm. traht, 
fjWMdra3en,(i»-n(((/At; drawt „tractvs, haustus", prompt. parv. 
131 ; draw3t//or(^w.'.pofwi29j 3; fi, draught of win Chauc. C. 
t. 398; draght id quod fertw, Percev. 2160; Arahi habUua, 
Wr. p. s. 153; drahte {dot.) La^. 29259; drastis (pi.) 
Wicl. gloss. 15; drawe draghtes aud (here) berj)eiies //aihVc 
diet. 315; draujtes as me drawep in poudre Fiirn. p. 17, 
drauhtbrigge Rob. Br. 183, 2. 

drahten, Olcd. dratta, draught, draw ; drathen? Orm. 

drai, ASax. (ge-)draeg {tumuUus), noise, HaUiw. diet. 
316; Min. 35; see de(s)raL 

drake, A^ox. draca, Lat. draco, dragon, Marh. 10; 
a. J-. 246; Oww. 1843; k. of T. 408. 

drake, LGerm. drake ScAremfc. ip6., «?ip. 0/crf. andriki, 
OHGcrm. antrache, drake, (rfaf.) Chauc. C. t. 3576; dra- 
kea {pi-) Wr. spec. 44. 


drftne, ASax. (Iran, OHGeitn. treno, drone, „fiicm", 
prompt, pare. 130; T^V. voc. 177; cr. P. P. 1447; Lidg. 
m. p. 154. 

draste? ASax. dreste, ilaerBte, OIIGerm. (trast) pi. 
trestir; drastis {pi.) daratt, drega, lees, „foece»", Wr. voc. 
178; drestis promjA. pare. 131; detstea „amiirca'^, IVr.voc. 
94; drastis, drestis, darstis Wtcl. r}l»s.i. 

di'asti drnffi/, dreggy,Chauc. C. I. 15331; dresti „fae- 
ddrvlvs"", prompt, pare. 131. 

drank, ODttteh dravick, drawlc, „zizaniunt", Wr. voe. 
265; prompt, pa-v. 130; rel. ant. 2, 80; draiic'r' met. limn, 

dravelcn, LGerm. drabbein {slaver) Brent, wb., cmp. 
MGGerm, (be-)trebeii, slaeer f draTeleil {part.) Hardw. poem 
55, fi; [draveled {prtt.) „sl timbered fitfully" f Gaw. glosa,\; 
compos, bidravelen. 

dream, A&ax. dream {sonvs, eanlus, gaudivm), OSaar. 
drum {somninni, convivivm, beatitudo), OFi-ia. dr&m {aom- 
nitim), Olcel. draumr {id.), OlIGerv,. traum, troum {id.), 
dream, sonve, cotUus, Hath. 1498; o. r. 210; dream, draem, 
drem La^. 1010; 14286; 24554; dra^m Orm. 923; dreem 
IIV. spec. 57; belles drem rel. ant. 1, 223; dreem „som- 
ninm"^, prompt, pare. 131; vis. P. P. 4800; drem id., Gow. . 
cmif. am. 1, 24; pr. consc. 8076; dreme {dot.) owl and 
vight. 314; he schal a domes dei grimhclie abrciden mid 
te di'fidful dreame of J)e englene b^men a. r. 214; compos. 

dr ecch&ti'ouUefllaUiie. did. Sn; delay f Gate. gloss. 37 S. 

drecchen (drecche), ASax. drecean, dreccan, cmp. 
itIJGei-m treckon pi-et. trabte {irahere), trouble, plague, 
C'hauc. Trail, 2563; dreccbep {pns.) Wr. spec. 113; cr, 
P. P. 924; drecche {subj.) rels&nga 2, 47; if it 30 betide 
pis nigbt, pat pe in slepe dreclie £liii wight Iw. 480 ; drecche 
tarry, linger. Goto. conf. am. 2, 5; Ckauc. Trail. 2356; 
drcccband {part.) pa. 108, 10; compos, idrecchen. 

dreg, OJcel. dregg, di-eg, faex, pa. 39, 3 ; liregges {pi.) 
Wr. voc. 198; (dreggis) ^rompf. parv, 131; dregges and 
dmf vis, P. P. 13761. 

dreggi dreggy, prompt, pare. 131. 

drSj, dri^, Olcfl. driugr {largua, magnus), from dreo- 
5en? dree, dry, long, strong, enduring, patient, Gaw. gloss. 
378; bi ft river brod and dregb Halliw. did. 317; drise 


160 drSglie. 

(pi.) Mor. a. p. 1, 829; drese strongly, Oaw. glo»». 378; 
pou lovest Tristrem dreighe {deeply) Tn'at. 3, 67 ; drinke 
drfle P. P. p. 527; compos, iindre^. 

dre3li strongly, Oaw. gloss. 378; drfijti, drisli Moi: a. p. 
2, 74 & 47ti} dreli continvoualyf Toien. my$f. 90, 

dr^ghe lengthf Halli'p. diet. 317; on dreghe (drise) 
at a distance, Gaw. gloss. 400; a drS3(e) Mor. a. p. 2, 71 ; 
J)et oher drugh him o drfighe ant. Arth. 44, 3; o dr^hi 
Hob. Br. 276, 25; on drihe Ballm. diet. 321; a. drigh(e) 
Gow. conf. am. 2, 46. 

dremare, ASaar. dremere (wiK^iCHs), dreamer, „somma- 
tor**, prompt, parv. 131. 

drfimels dream, vis. P. P. 4804. 

d r e m e n , ASax. dr^iuan (jvhilare), drdmian {id), 
OIIGerm. troumen Isomntare), from dream, dream, sunare, 
cantare,jubilare, La^. 1 3586 ; harpen gunnen dremen 22885 ; 
dremiu „8omniare", promja. paro. 131; dreme (pres.) nom- 
nio, Gow. conf. am. 1, 281; dreamen {suhj.) sonent, a. r. 
430; dremde {pret.) LaT,. 9785*. 

drench, Arenche, ASax. drenc, drence, Olcel. di-ekka, 
OSax. dranc, Goth, dragk, OHGei-m. tranch, Jrom drinken, 
drench, potion, r el. songs 1, 18; drench, draenc Laj 10234; 
16084; drench, drenche Rob. Glouc.68, 16; 69, 1 ; drenche 
Horn 1164. 

drenchienV drenchen, ASax. drencean (V), drencan, 
OFria drenka, Olcel. drekkja, Goth, dragkjan, OIIGerm. 
trenchen, drench, drown, La^. 1507; i schal drenchen in 
pe deepe Ckauc. C. t. 4875; drenche vis. P. P. 7759;^f. am. 3,295; „mergi", Wicl. Math. 14; drenched 
{pret.) Tor. 1871; drenchiden Wicl. gloss. 15; drengte? 
Xnj. 12U1; dreinte Wr. p. s. 217; drenchidj Areijit (part.) 
Wicl. gloss. 15; dreint Goto. conf. am. 3, 10; idreint Cliauc. 
C. t. 3620; compos, a-, fordrenchen. 

dreng, ASax. dreng, Olcel. drengr, man, soldier; dring 
Lai,. 12713; pr. consc. notes p. 267; drenges {pi.) Ilavel. 

dreo3en, ASax. dreogan {agere, perjicere, patC), OSax. 
bi-driogan (decipere), Olcel. driuga (exercere, patrare), Ooth. 
driugan (orpaTsosoftai), OIIGerm. triugan {fallere, decipere), 
dree, perfoi-m, endure, suffer, Ftim. p. 8, 145; drS^hen 
Oi-m. 1505; drShen Katk 626; drese Wr. spec. 62; 105; 
drSy(e) met. hom. 59; dree (dre) Isumb. 3T9; ant. Arth. 
11, 11; driven (dr^sen) La^. 370; 13392; drije Mor. a. 

dreopen 1 61 

p. 2, 372; drlghe, drfighe pr. come. 2044; 2235; drise, 
drie Gate, gloss. 378; drien a.r. 80; drle Will, gloss. 222; 
Ckauc. r. r. 7484; h. of T. 235; he smot as faste as he 
might dr!e HalUio. diet. 318; penance for to drie Hardw. 
poem 27, 2; i drd (pi-es.) J/or. «iir. pL 148; drie Degrev. 
560; di-ggh (^rf (.) s. s. lVe6.2660; drfiiha.r. 136; druhen 
K«(A. 62B; idrohen (part.) Mark. 21; compos, adre^en, 

dreopen, /iSda;. dreopan, OSffcr. driopan, OFris. dria- 
pa, Olcel. driupa, OHGerm. triufan, dreep, droop; drepe 
IvaI. Cov. 170; dreepip (pres.) Lidg. m. p. 161; HOU glad, 
and nou draping 167; deriv. drope, drflp, 

dreorij, ASax. dreorig, OHGerm. triireger, dreary, 
sad, Orvi. 4838; dreori Mark. 15; a. r. 106; Wr. spec. 
70; dreeri CAawc. C. (. 8390; Avkri pr.consc. 791; Isumb. 
125; opow. jlrtA. 66, 7; drSri, druri fTiW. yiosfl. 15; drfiri 
(dreri) La^,. 14547; druri Em. 808; jtfw. a. p. 1, 323. 
dreriliche drearily, Katk. 1898; drerili HalUw. diet. 317. 
dr£rines, ASaa-. dreorigneas, dreariness, Ckauc. Troil. 
701; drerinesse, driirinesse Wid. gloss. 15. 

dreosen (dreaen), AS^ix. dreosan, OSox. driosan, Goth. 
driusan, fall, La'^. 9245. 

drepen, ASax. drepan, 0/cei. drepa, OHGerm. trefan, 
hit, slay; dreped (pres.) rel. ant. 1, 221; drepez Mor, a. 
p. 2, 246; drap fpret.J Mopes 343; drApe ps. 93, 6. 
drevelen drivelf vis. P. P. 5683; see drayelen. 
driven, ASax. draefan, OIceL dreifa, Goth, draibjan, 
OHGerm. treiben, frOm dr&f, dreve, peUere; dr4ved (pret) 
Mor. a. p. 1, 979; compos, todrfiven. 

drfiTen, ASax. ArMan, from ir6(,trowhle, disturb; At6- 
Ted (pres.) rel. ant. 1, 220; drfiyede ( Gaw. gloss. 
378; drfifed (part.) Orm. 147; compos, for-, idr^ven. 

dri, ASax. dr^, „magvs", Wr. voe. 89. 
dri^craft magical art, Orm. 16053. 
dri^man magician, Orm. 16051, 

drifen, ASax. drtfan, OSax. drivan, OFris. drlva, 
OTcd. drifa, Goth, dreiban, OHGerm. triban, drive, Orm. 
16982; driven La^. 946; Chawc. Trod. 7549; drife mrt. 
kom. 31; drive Bek. 197; drivest (pres.) a. r. 230; drlf 
(imper.) 274; drtvende {paH.) 244; drivande Gavi. gloss. 
378; dr&f (pret) Mark. 8; Orm. 8260; Avki, draef, drof 
La-T,. 309; 7843; 9367; drof Befc. 675; Mand. 86; Chauc. 
C. t. 7122; Mor. a, p. 1, 1152; pou driTe Hm-n 1279; 

1«9 dfift 

(we, 30, hi) dmen Ali». 5731; drive Rob. QUmc. 21, 12; 
dreveii Wid. gloss. 1 5 ; dreve Ridi. 6092 ; drifaii (part.) 
Orm. 8239; dmen Mand. 67; idriven ioj. 6213; drive 
Will. glo»s, 222^ dreven Wid. gloss. 15; dreve Halliw. 
duA. 318; compos, for-, to-, purh-, utdnfen; deriv. dr&f. 

drift, OX>M(cA drifte, MHQerm. trift, ><»» drifen, drift, 
drove, Wr. voc, 279; prompt, parv. 132. 

driht, AS<^. driht, dryht, Oi-'Hs. drecht, OSax. druht, 
Olcel. Arott, from, dreo^en, retinue; drihte (dat.) La^. 92. 
drihtfare Katk. 1852. 

drihtlic, ASax. drjhtltc, excellent, noble: drihttiche men 
ioS. 1623. 

drihtin, ^6'air. dryhten, OSax. drohtia, OFris. droch- 
ten, Olcel. drottinn, OIIGerm. truhtin, lord, Katk. 1095; 
Orm. S; drihten (dristen) La^. 4; dri^ten rel.ant. 1, 186; 
dri3tiD Gaw. gloss. 378; dristeu (drihten) Kemh. Sal. a. 
Sat. 227 ; rel. ant. 1, 171 ; drihte met. hom. 1 ; driste Skoreh. 
61; drighte Mapes3i8; Alis. &i02; vis. P. P. 857 i ; drihte, 
dritte, drithte Fitm. p. 8, 40, 55 & 60. 

drihtnesse lordship? Katk. 1123. 

drillen, ODutch drillea {gyrare, rotare, volvere)f driU; 
compos, adrillen. 

drinc, ASax. drinc, drink, potus, La^- 1303; met. hom. 
24; drink Mand. 248; Sardw, poem 42, 4; Degree. 1789; 
drinc, drinch Orm. 165; 15388; drinke {daU) Brand. 11; 
drinchee (dringes) {pi.) Lai^. 3558. 

drinken, ASax. OSax. drincan, Ofris. drinka, ffotA. 
drigkan, Olcel. drekka, OHGerm. trincban, drink, hihere, 
a. r. 238; Orm. 165; drinken (dringp) L05. 5804; 14330; 
drank (prrf.)fiicA. 3090; Lddg. m p. 91; drone a. r. 210; 
dronk (drong) iaj. 6928; drunken Oow. conf. am. 3, 21; 
dronkent-ta. P.P. 9042; CAaitc C. t. 822; dronken (i*art) 
JiaW. 250; Chaitc. Ct. 135; dronkeii(dronke) man 12485 
Tyr., 13966 Wr.; idruiiken Xa3. 6692 ; compos, adrinken; 
deriv. drench, drunch. 

drinkere, ASax. drincere, drinker, Wr. treat. 138; 
drinkares ipl.) a. r. 216. 

d r i p e ? .4Siiir. drypa (?), ODutch druppe (drupe ?), 
OHGerm. tnipha, from dreopen, drip, stitla, (drippe, drepe) 
prompt, parv. 132. 

drippin, ODutch druppen, MHQerm. trupfen, drip. 

„stUlare", prompt, parv. 132. 

drit, Olcel. drit, ODutck drijt, dirt, ^eteraa", prompt, 
pan. 132; Alia. 4718; HV. p. t. 240; i/ave^ 682; iV». 
p. I, 7. 

driten, ASaa:. dHtan^ Olcel. drlta, ODutcA drijteR, 
„eacare", prompt, parv. 132. 

driTel, ODutch drevel, drivel {dribble), Bervant, Mark, 
gloss. 99; drivit prompt paro. 132; driveles ipl.) Kath. 

drobli, drubli, cmp. ASaa:. ODvtch drabbe (/oea!), 
„turbidti$, faeadentua," prompt, parv. 132. 

drobleo (\o\\) troiMe^ Halliw. did. 819; drubblin 
nturbare", prompt. parv. 133; droubelonde (part.) pr.coiwo. 
1443*; see drabelin. 

drof, ASax.^oi, OBax.Arbn, OIIGerm. tniober,^ou- 
Ued, sad, La^- 1040. 
droflic iaj. 1026. 

drope, ASax. dropa, Olcel. dropi, OHGerm. tropho, 
/rffm dreopen, drop, Mand. b\ ; Ckauc. C t. 131; pr.c&nsc 
3065; aenoe drope blod iaj, 7650; dropen (pi.) a. r. 
220; Wr. treat. 136. 
dropemele ty drops, a. r. 282. 

droppen, ASax. dropiao, ODutck droppeo, drop, $til- 
lare; droppep {preg.) MancL&O; dropped {pret.) via. P.P. 
10958; Ckauc. C. t 12508. 

drOB, Af^ax. dros (?), ODxilch Aroes, Off Germ, (gi-)trofi, 
^rom dreosen? drose, a, r. 284; pr. consc. 3339; (droaae) 
prompt, parv. 133. 

d r o 8 n e , ASax. drosn, OHGerm. trusana, truosana, 
trosena, „/a*a!", Wr. voc. 93. 

drotin drate, drawl, prompt, parv. 133. 

droukening slumber? Mapea 334. 

At o-a]i.\T\g slvn»ber1 prompt, parv. 114. 

drovi (drovi?), drovy, „tHrbidvs'*, prompt, paro. 133*; 
rel. ant. I, 220; Ckauc. C. t. Tyr. p. 165; Mor. a. p. 2, 

drovien, ODntch di'oeven, Gotk. drobjan, OHGerm. 
truoben, yrom drof, trouble, disturb; droyea (^pres.) „tribu- 
larW*, ps. 3, 1; pi: conac. 1319; draved (port.) „lurbata", 
pa. 6, 4; see dreven. 

druggeu drudge: to drugge and drawe Ckauc C. t 

:,, Google 

164 dra^e 

druje (drflse?), aSox. dryge, LGettn. driige, droge, 
dry, ckron. of Engl. 346; druye Rob. Ghntc. 531, 21 ; druie 
a. r. 276; drue Wr. p. a. 193; druje, dri^e Jfor, a. p. 2, 
385 & 412; drije Orm. 9883; dni2,e transact. 18,23; drie 
Wr. treat. 135; Ooio. ronf. am. 2, 266; dreje SAoreA. 145; 
dreye Ckauc. C. t. 8775. 

drusen, ASax. drygan, drugian, LGerm. driigen, dro- 
gen, dry: dreye lud. C'ov. 230; driep (prea-) Chauc. C. t 
1497; drinke whan pou driest ma, P. P. 508; driede(pret) 
Mand. 68; dri^ed (part.) Orm. 8625; dried ps. 21, 16; 
compos, adrawien, fordru^eii. 

druhp, ^Saa:. drugad, ZGerm. drugde, drovg}it,aiccita8; 
drojt Gow>. (7((ws. 378; droghte vis. P. P. 4378; drowte 
prompt, parv. 133; droughpe, droughte {dat.) Chauc. C. t. 
597; 10432; druhpe (occ.) Orm. 8626. 

drunc, drunch, ASax. drunc, drync, ODulch drODk, 
OHGerm. trunch, OlceL drjkkr, /rom drinkeu, potus, a. r. 
14; 114; drunch Mark. 8. 
dniBCwiie? a. r. 216*. 

drunken see drinken. 
drunkenbed ebrietas, Wicl. gloss. 15; dronkenhsd Gow. conf. 
am. 3, 20. 

dmnkenaesse drunkenness, Orm. 166; dronkennes met. horn. 
H3; dronkenesse Ghauc. C. t. 13964. . 
dronkeshipe ebrietaa, Ootc. conf. am. 3, 20. 

drunken (drunke), ASax. druncen, Goth, drugkanei, 
Olcel. drykkni, OHGerm. trunehani, ebrietas, Fum. p. 8, 
128 & 130. 

drunkenlSwe, dninkelEw subject to drunkenness, Wid. gloss. 
16; dronkelewe (drunkelewe) (r. w. pfiwe) Gow. conf. am. 
3, 6; HaUiw. rfirt.319; dronkelewe (r. w. schrewe) CAauc. 
C. I. 7625; dronklewe vis. P. P. 5064; draakelWw prompt, 
parv. 133; drunklEw Lidg. m. p. 68. 

drunkien drouch (droule), drmch; drunkede {pret.) 
Wid. gloss. 15; dronked {part.) Will, gloss. 222; compos. 

drunc nien, ASax. dmiicnian, OHGerm. trunchanon, 
droton; drunkne Wid. gloss. 15; driin mtt. horn. XVIH; 
druncned {pres) Marh. 15; drankenes mH. /torn. 138; jwj 
druncnen Orm. 15398; druncnie (subj.) a. r. 58; drunk- 
nede (prel.) Wid. gloss. 15; dronkened ps. 64, 10; dron- 
ned Mor. a. p. 2, 372; drouned {part.) Mand. 57; Lidg. 

drftp 186 

m. p. 149; compos- ofdrnncnien. 

drip, Oled. driupr {stiUnna)? sad, sorry; drApest (»w- 
perlat.) Mark. 16; drflpest aire monne Kath. 2050 

drupi? aad, sorry, Halliw. diet. 321; & maked drupie 
chSre a. >. 88. 

drupiun? Olcel. dr&p&, droup (droop) ; dro upin prom/rt. 
pare. 113; droupe & dare transact. 18, 26; m. Artk. F. 2575; 
droupe {pres.) Min. 2 ; droupua ant. Arth. 5, 2 ; his arwes 
drouped (pret.) nought wip fepres lowe (Jhauc. C. t. 107 ; 
see d reopen. 

drouping ^slumber"? Gate, gloss. 

drupnien, Olcel. drupnn,droupen : i droupneant dare 
Wr. spec. 54; dripninde (V) & dreri Kath. 2049. 

droupning shtmber? faiiUnessf Mapes 340. 

dubhen, A^ax. dubban, Olcel. dubba, duh: to cnihte 
hine duhben (dobben) La'T,. 22497 ; dubbe him kaight lanmh. 
484; peo knightis heore bodi dubhep Alts. 4311; dubbed 
(paH.) Oaw. gloss. 378; dubbed and dight ^r. co/iac. 8790; 
dubbed wip precious stones Mand. 241. 

dub 1 en (dubli), Fr. doubler, doMe, Brand. 2S. 

dflc, Fr. due, rfwAe, ia^. 86; a. r.300; aw.P.P. 13572. 

dudde mantle, cloak, prompt, para. 134. 

duggen (dug) dug, cutf Mar.mir. pi. 185; see daggeu. 

dujen? ASax. OSax. Goth, dugan (?), OFris. (?) Olcd. 
duga, OHGerin. tugan (?), dovi, be good or worth; dowes 
{pres.)Mor. a. p. 3, 50; du3ende {part) La^. 4i23; dohte 
(pret.) met. horn. 149. 

diijen, ^Soar. (ge-)(3Jgan, d^gan, 0Saa:.d6gia.ii{auffer\ 
avoid, diap-nse: wel mei duhen ancre of ... a. r. 4J0*. 

d u 3 e d, ASaa:. dugud, Ofrw. duged, Olcel. dygfl, OHQerm. 
tuged, power, force, wealth; dujede (dojepe) La^. 1819; 
doup Oaw. gloss. 377; dujepe {dat.) owl and night 634; 
{ace.) rel. ant 1, 184. 

duhtis, A%ax. djhtig, MHQerm. tahtic, from ♦duht, 
MHGerm. tuht (virtus), doughty, worthy, brave,' Orm. 8617; 
duhti Kath. 732; pine domes . . . beod duhti Mark. 8; 
duhti (dohti) LaT,. 14791; dusti avow. AHh. 14, 5; dujii, 
do^ti Gate, gloss. 377; doubti Triat. 2, 32; transact. )8, 
25; Amis 207; dousti Will, gloss. 222; Wtcl. gloss. 15; 
dogbti Isumb. 273; doughtier (comp.) via. P. P. 2675; 
doghtieat (svperi:) 13219. 

dul, ASax. OSaas. dol, ODtUch dal, dd, OSGerm. to- 


\M drdsMse 

ler, dvll, nkebea", prompt, parv. 135; Ohauc. C. t. 10593; 
dul wit Kath. 1268; pi brain is dul Lidg. m. p. 19I ; Btuot 
& dil (?rm.3714; mit te duCe neileB a. r. 293*; dille Jtfor. 
a. p. 1, 679; dMes ... pat derfe ware and dille BaUiw. 
diet. 303; see dwal. 

dulnesse dullnest, prompt, parv. 135. 

dullin, dollin, ODutch dolen (errare, delirare), dull 
(diil), „hebetare, tepefacere" , prompt. parv. 126 & 135; dille 
rel ant. 1, 217; itduUep me to rime Chauc. C. t. 13021 ; 
min heed dullip lud. Cov. 343; dullid (part.) Wicl. gloss. 
15; Lidg. m. p. 217; i am n^r hand dold, so long have 
i nappid Mar. mir. pi. 109, 

dullard, ODutch dullaerd, dullard, prompt, parv. 

dult (port.?) dolt, obtusu^, hebes, Kath. 1268*; mit te 
dulte neiles a. r. 292. 

dumb, A8ax. OJ^m.dumb, Oloel. dumbr, Goth, dumbs, 
OHGerm. tumher (mutug, atuUus), dumb, Orm. 211; owl 
and night. 416; dumbe (dombc) io^. 17140; 26354; domb 
Chauc. C. t. 776; k dombebest Fum. p. 13, 220; doumb 
vis. P. P. 5886; dom pr. come. 49; doum lud. Cov. 126. 
dumiiesse dumbness, prompt, parv. 

dumbien, ASax.AwTi\ti\a'a,dumb; idoumbed ^ofifrtwtai"', 
ps. 38, 3. 

dumpen (dumpe), Olcel. dumpa, dump, dash, tumble, 
Mor. a. p. 3, 362; gloss, ind. 144. 

dun, ASax. dunn, Ir. dunn, Welsh dwn, dun, Chauc. 
r. r. 1213; dunne { Jt^.) i/br. a. p. 1, 30; Lidg. m. p. 152; 
donne Launf. 988. 
dunhgd Halliw. diet. 325. 

dun, dune, ASax. dyn, dyne, Olcel. dynr, din, sotmdj 
noise; dune ias- 1009; Kath. 2024; a. r. 132*; din Mor. 
a. p. 2, 862; pr. eonsc. 7332; dine prompt. parv. 121; dene 
vis. P. P. 12197. 

diin, ASax. diln, OHOerm. duna, OfV. diine, Olr. dun 
Zeusz gram. celt. 1, 29, down, kill, Orm. 14568; dune 
(dot.) owl and night. 830; uppen p4re dine La^. 2725S; 
doune Bob. Glouc. 382, 16; Wr. spec. 85; bi doune and 
dale Alts. 1767; a dun deorsum, iaj. 551; a dun riht 
Mark. 12; a. r. 60; a doun Bob. Glmic. 208, 6; Chauc 
C. t. 395; pe piler f41 a douu s. s. Wr. 2045; kn^le a 
AovmAud. TJ; diin /or a diin Zaj. 6864; Orm. 631; doun 
Percev. 785; ddnes (pi.) a. r. 380. 


ddnward downward, Orm. 2056. 

dunch, (ymp. AS(Kc. duncor and OMGerm. tunchaler 
(obscurus), dunch, dark, HaUiw. diet. 324. 

dunclien, Dan. dunke, 8wed. dunka, dwrncA, „tundere'*, 
prompt, parv. 135. 

dung, A%ax.OFris.AMXi^,dang;AoTigMand.i%; Ckauc. 
C. t. 13735; (donge) n/t'wMM", prontpt. parv. 127; dungfi 
(dat.J Rob. Qlouc. 310, 13; (acc.J a. r. 142; donge (ace.) 
Mis. 4718. 
dungbeep Wr, spec. 103. 

dung, OHGerm. tunc (hypogeumjf pUf podf ichleadfl 
ham . . , into so deep dung pet hadruncned |>erinitfar4. 15. 

dungeu, ASax. dyngRn, dung, prompt, parv. 127 ; don- 
gen or. P. P. 1 566. 

dunien, jISoot. dyuian, Olcd. dyn}&, dnn&, din, resound, 
La^. 30410; dunnin prompt parv. 135; dunede (pret.) 
Mark. 20; ]>e erpe dunede under hem Bob. Olouc. i59, 3; 
denede Will, glose. 221; rel. ant. 2, 7; donid Rick. 4975; 
compos, adunien. 

duning (dunning), ASax. dunung, nou^, prompt, parv. 

dunnen? donned (part.) dun coloured, HaUiie. diet. 310. 

dunt, ASax. Olcel. (?) dynt, di»t, ictus, La^. 8420; 
Kath. 22; Alis. 1505; sweordes dunt a. r. 60; pu schol~ 
dest iseo wel longe him smite duntea wip pin 4ye, fir pu 
Bchuldest 4ni dunt ihire Wr treat. 135; dint Orm. 4290; 
m. F. P. 12124; dint, dent WilLgloas. 22i; dent Launf. 
332; duntes (pi.) oieland ntyA*. 1225; c. of I. 1162; din- 
tes jw. consc, 7017; met. horn. 135; dintus ant. Arth. 40,9. 

dun ten (dnnt) dv-nt, dash, met. horn. XII. 

duppen, ASax. dyppan, dip; dippen pi*o»n|rf. pan?. 121; 
dippest {pres.) Orm. 1551; duppep Shoreh. li; dipped 
{part.) pr. consc. 8044. 

dip per e dipper, Wicl. gloss. 

dure, ^6W. duru, dure, Oi^'rts. dure, dore, Ooth.da,uro, 
OHOerm. turi, tura, Gr. &up!i, door,rel. ant 1, 225; Fum. 
p. 8, 64; dur Tor. 1144; Amnd. Hobs. 11, 2; dore Ghauc. 
C. t. 552; IsunA. 652; duren (dores) {pi) LaT,. 2363; 
doren Rob. Gtouc. 495, 22; Wr. spec. 110; Shoreh. 55. 
dorstod Wr. voc. 170. 
doretree vis. P. P. 833; Havel. 1806. 
dnreward Xaj. 17672; doreward Shoreh. 46. 


168 ddren 

ddren (dure), Fr. dnrer, dure, last, Chauc. C. t. 2772; 
dfirede {pret.) Lot,. 26708*; via. F. P. 12200. 

durren (durn), ASax. durraa (?), OSax. ( gi-)durran (?), 
OHOerm. (ge-)turren (?), Goth. (ga-)daurBan, dare, „av- 
dere", prompt, parv. 114; dur pr. consc. 4135; dore 
Wicl. gtloas. 15; durste (^et.)Kath. 1315; Wr. spec.lOi; 
Immb. 618; durste (dorste) ia3.375; dorste Percev. 19(i6; 
dorete (purste) vis. P. P. 5136; Wart. hiat. 2, 74; perste 
Marg. 304-j Bek. 1156; dursten Mand. 282. 

duratij, ^Saa;. dyrstig, OHGerm. {g\-)taratigGr, daring, 
dir8ti3llke audacter, Orm. 16153. 

duachen dash, smite; duscband (port.) Gajr.^iusa. 37S; 
dusched (^pret.) Mor. a. p. 2, 1538; duschit pr. conac. gloss, 
291; see dascheu and dwescheu. 

duai, ASax. dysig, ODutck duisig, OHOerm. tusiger, 
dizzy, foolish, Kath. 782; a. r. 208; owl and night. 1464; 
disi pr. consc. 771; desi rel. anL I, 179. 
dasilsc Kath. 425. 
dusischipe a. r. 182. 

dusien, ASax. Aysigean, OFris.dusia, dizzy, be Joolish; 
desiet ( prea.) rel. atU. 1, 177. 

dusK, cmp. Swed. dusk, dusk, nvhilus, obacarus; deosc 
a. r. 94. 
dusknesse Wicl. gloss. 

dusken dasJe, obscurare, cr. P. P. 1122; dusking (^rt.) 
Chauc. C. t. S808. 

, dust, ASax. ODutch Olcd. dust, dust, „pulvia", prompt, 
parv. 135; Orm 1636; a. r. 252; lud. Cov. 225; pat dust 
(doust) La'T,. 27646; doust reL aia. 1, 28; douste {dal.) 
jlum. p. 18, 26. 

dusteu d/oA^ dusted l^pres^ a. r. 314. 

dustea, Olcel. dusta (?), cmp. OFria. Aasi, dash, smite, 
a. r. 212; deate? (prea. subj.) Shoreh. 52; duste {pret) 
Kath. 1094; idust {pan.) Marh. 11. 

dusti, ASax. djstig, dusty, Hide. thes. J,, 224; prompt. 
parv. 135. 

duten, OFr. douter, doubt, /ear; duted (pres.) a. r. 
244; douteu Mand. 64; douted {ptai.) c. of I. 382. 

dntten, ASax. dyttan, dU, close, Wr.spec. 110; dutt«n 
(ditten) a. r. 82; ditten Orm. 18590; dittez (pres.) Mor. 
a. p. 2, 588; dutte {pret.) La^. 19812*; Marg. 208; idut 

ddve 169 

{part.) rd. arU. 1, 90; c o/ Z. 31 ; compos, fordutten. 

dilve-, dfiyedoppe, jlSaa-. dufedoppa? dive-dapper, „mergu~ 
lus", Wid. gloss. 

duYelrihte?/a%? ah f^Ue (feollen) bi (a) dun dftvel- 
rihtes Katk. 1599. 

duvelunge /a(iy? ant te meiden duvelunge feol dun 
to pe eorde Mark. 20; d^veling HaUiw. did. 300. 

diiven? deoven? ASaos. Auf3.n,Aeo{an(?),douve, plunge; 
d4f {pres. imper.T) Mark. 17; de&ef (pret.) L03. 6505; 
d^f? Mark, gloss. 100. 

dflven, ASiojx. djfan, dive; diven prompt, pare. 124; 
vis. P. P. 77i8; duTod {pres.) a. r. 262; dived rel. ant. 
1, 221; dSfde \pret) Mark 22. 

dwal? ASax. dval (?), Gotk. dv&h, foolish; ()at dfivel 
dwale WaH. fiist 1, 22; ne chid pu wip neniie dwale rd. 
atU. 1, 183; dwale heretie, Orm. 7454; see dul. 

dwale, Olcel. dvala, dvol {mora), OHGerm. tvaia {id.), 
Dan. dwale {somnus), from dwelen, narcotic potion, night- 
shade. Goto. conf. am. 3, 14; Chauc. G. t. 4159; rel. ant. 
1, 324; prompt, parv. 134. 

dwalken? from, dwal? see Or. gr. 2, 283, lead into 
error? purh dwalkende lare Orm. 7441. 

dwelen, ASax. dvelan, OHOerm. twelan {torpere, so- 
piri); compos, adwelen. 

dwelien? dwellen, j45aa;. dvelian, dwellan {errare, tar- 
dare), Olcd. dvelja {morari, tardare), OHGerm. twalian, 
Uie\h.n{morari), dwell; dwellen Orm. 9938; s. s. Wr. 1635; 
dwellin „mora/v'", prompt parv. 134; dwelle (duelle) Alis. 
225; Shoreh. 19; \Vr. spec. 82; Ckatic. C. t. 2356; him 
reowep pat he dwellep her swa swipe lange on eorpe Orm. 
5576; dwelle (dwele) ^errant", ps. 94, 10; dweled {pret.) 
nerravi", 118, 176; dwelde moroyi, via. P. P. 14612; s. s. 
Wr. 3204; dwalde Orm. 13218; compos, bidwelien? 

dweole, ASaa:. (ge-)dveola? error, delusion, otcl and 
night. 1237; rel. songs 2, 35; wend a wei mine eien vrom 
pe worldes dweole a. r. 62; heo was igon o dweole she 
had lost her way, 234*; see dwole. 

dw6r doubtf Mapes 361; dwfsre {ace.) lud. Cov. 17; 117. 

dwergh (duergh), ASax. dveorg, Olcel. dveigr. Oil Germ. 
tuerg, dwarf , Mand. 206 ; 7^.2390; Gaw. gloss. 37 B; dwerw 
{daeTW)^prompt parv.; Triat. 2, 86; dwerf Ipom. 1746. 

170 iiteitAm 

dweschen, ASax. dvaescan; compos, adweschen. 

dwilde, 4SoLC.(ge-)dYyid, Ootk.d\alil}a, en-or,Orm. 97 3 6. 

dwimor, -4Sair, (ge-)dYimor {pkantaama); compos, i- 

dweomercraeft magic art, La^. 30634. 
dweomerlsklice^, 270; demerkik Jf or. a. p. 2,1561; Alex. 
Stevens. 15. 

dwinen?dwlnien? .liSax. dvinan, ODutck dvrinen, Oled. 
dyiaa.,dwine, waste; dwinin „evanescere", prompt, pare. 134; 
dwine Wid. gloss.- 15; pf. eonsc. 703; as gres in medowe 
i drie and dwiae Hallim. diet. 336; dvinep Gow. c&nf. am. 
2, 117; dwinede( pret^ Wid.gloss.; dwined (jwW.) Ckaue. 
r. r. 360; compos, fordwinen. 

dwole, ASax. (ge-)dvola, OUGerm. (ga-)twola, error, 
delusion, owl and night. 923; see dweole. 

4, A^ax. ae? OFris. ^? see ae. 
£gede stupid, Joolish; hig egede orhel Mark. 11; hw&egede 
ping is orhel a. r. 282, 

?&\engeelli?ige,miaerable,vis.P.P. 378; Ckauc. C. t. 6781; 
fi!ing(e) Halliw. diet. 331; Brand. 30; Menge s. s. FTeft. 
227; Slengere (comp.) HalUw. diet. 331. 
eiinglich altd. bl. 1, 396; glengllche vis. P. P. 7531. 
Slengenes Ohauc. r. r. 7406; Alengenes s. s. Web. 1736. 
4r5de irresolutef heo was howful and ergde owi anrf night. 

ead, j^Saa*. ead Grein's gloss., OffQerm.(gi-)6teT, bder, 
Olcel. audr (t^toes, beatus); see ead. 

eadmede, ASa^, ead-, eadmsdu Grein's gloss., OHGerm. 
ot-, odmuoti, grace: purh his aedm&len La^, 10013; and 
jeorneden Ardures grid & his S^dmsden 21866. 
Mmod, A%ax. ead-, eadmod, OSax. 6d-, odmodi, OHOerm. 
6t-, odmuoter, huitMe, gracious, Wr. voc. 90; a. r, 158; 
aedmcd Orm. 2887; mid aedniode worden La-^. 22422; 
purh pine Mmode wil 25571. 

MmOdhche humUy, a. r. 94; aedmodhche La-T^. 26288; 
aedmi5dll3 Orm. 1108. 

edmodnesse humility, a. r. 8; aedmodnesse Orm. 19218. 
eadmsdien make humble; eadmodied {pres. imperat.) a. r. 

ddnesse (hednesse), .^Soik- eadness, happiness, Kemb. Sal. 
a. Sat. 230. 

eadi, ASax. eadig, Goth, audags, Olcel. audigr, OSax. 


earn 171 

Mag, OHOerm. otager, happy, rich, Mark. 2; o. r, 28; 

Shoreh. 129; eadi, 4di Lot,. 2361; 16559; 6di ret awt. 

2, 228; aedi;^ Orm. 2333; aeidi (jedi) men (fi earme 

Furn. p. S, 115. 

eadilTchc happily, a. r. 328. 

eadinesse happiness, a. r. 28. 

earn, ASax. earn, Ofm, fim, ODiUeh oom, OHOerm. 
oheim, earn, uncle; earn, aem Zia3. 8B31; 8897; earn Rob. 
Br. 90, 15; eem prompt, pam. 139; ii tmus dtic. 397; 
em -fftcfc. lAea. 1, 227; TrisL 1, 84; Gote. cotif. am. 2, 267; 
Octov. 1379; m. Jr(A. F. 1681; yem Chat. pi. 2, 55; *mis 
[gen.) s. «. Wr. 1054; 6me ( Art.) CAouc. Ti-ot?. 1022 ; fimes 
(pi.) Percew. 1050. 

eard, ASax. eard, OSax. ard, MHGerm. art, /owii, 
country; aerd Xaj. 29174; Orm. 1416; pe king of pisaeii 
earde LaT,. 7417; in unkllde earde a. r. 358; erde {dat.) 
Mor. a. p. 1, 248; ich fare hom to min(e) erde owl and 
night. 460 compos, middelerd. 

eardien, ASaw. eardiao, OHOerm. arton {arare, ha- 
bitare,) dwell, habitare; erden Will, gloaa. 223; eardid 
{pres.") Marh. 9; erdestpa. 2], 4; erded(pre(.) WiU.gloas.; 
erdand (part.) ps. 16, 12* 

eardiQg, ASax. eardung, dwelling, habitatio. 
eardingstowe owl and night. 38. 

eare, ASax. eare, OFria. &re, OSax. ore, OHGerm. 
6ra, Olcel. eyra, Goifi, auao, eor, Jfa(A. 1734; aere Orm. 
2800; Sre-Fwrm-p. 15,118; „&re ansa", prompt part). HI; 
ea,rfin{ pi.) Mark. 20; a. r.90; ifora969t ^ren Alia. GiiS; 
Wr. p. 9. 154; fires Mand. 205; ^»'. consc 782; seres 
ifaWtw. (fic(. 946. 
erelappe earlap, rel. ant. 1, 54. 
eerering earring, Wicl. gloss. 
3erwigge earwig, prompt, parv. 143. 

earn, ASax. earn, Olcel. ocn, cmp. OHGerm. aro gen. 
aren, Goth, ara jfew. arin8,cm, eagle, a. r. 134; aernio3. 
2826; Orm. 5880; ern Will, gloss. 2^3; Launf. 268; ernes 
{gen.) rel. ant. 1, 209; Hob. Glmic. 177, 2; ernes {pl^ a. 
r. 196. 

earnen, .^Soa;. earnian, ODwteA arnen, ernen, 0//^Germ. 
amen, earn; a,rne SalUw. nug. poet. 14; compos, ofeamen. 

erning, ASax. earning, earning, desert, Furn. p. B, 32. 

east, ASax. east, OFris. aest, oeet, Dutch oost, Oicri. 


173 easte 

anat (?), east; fot „onena'', prompt, parv. 1 43 ; fet, eest 
noriente", Wicl. gloas. 16; east in oriente, owl imd night. 
921; pat aest & west & sup & norp pis middelaerd bi- 
Mken Orm. 12125; i shall walk eest (veraua orientem) Mar. 172; bi easte Skorek. 137; bi ^ate J*wrm. p. 18, 2. 
aestd&le Orm. 16400. 
ae3t-(east-)ende Lot,. 28305. 
fetsee Fum. p. 13, 18. 
fistslde Bob. Glouc. 2, 10. 
estward Brand. 2. 
^stviinA prompt, paro. 143. 

easte? easten? ASax. casta (?), OFria. fcta, aesta? 
OHGerm. osten? east: bi esten a. r. 232; Bofc. Br. 45, 4. 

eaeter, A8ax. easter, eastre, OHGerm. ostra, Faster; 
aester (easter) ioj. 14896; ^ster Brond, 11; flstere (dal.) 
Aud. 41; eestem (i>l.) „pascha", prompt, pare. 143. 
4sterdei a. r. 412. 
&sterlomb chron. Vtlod. 88. 

eastern, ASax. eaaiera,eastfr}>: of ae3terne(naestene'') 
weorlde L03. 27393. 

ead, ASax. ead(e), OSax. odi, OHGerm. oder, eaiA, 
eo^, ^otA. 626; blide hi biep and eade Hick. thes. 1,224; 
aep Orm. 13012; an his mode him wes pA aede La^,. 
22359; M 2234; ^d W ivfilen a. r. 232; ep Rob. GLoue. 
327, 2; WiU. gloss. 223; Gow. co«/. am. 1, 60; Mm. 20; 
Boh. Br. 194, 3; epe Mor. a. ■p. I, 1201; CAauc. TroH. 
7220; ed (ead) eaai/y, a. r. 62 ; eade 276; iepe (eade) i- Wm. 
p. 8, 143; aepe Orm. 17676; 6pe c. 0/ i. 1281; i/oi-«. 61; 
Hartsh. met. t. 97; eip Degree. 473; compos, ungde. 
aepelic etuy; for aepelike gilte Orm, 10172; nepeli3 easily, 

Mfele eaady felt, a. r. 194. ' 
edlete lightly esteemedf Furn. p. 8, 37 & 130. 
£dsSne (-cene) easily seen, Kath. 381; a, r. 116. 

ebbe, ASair. ebba, OJ?rM.ebbe, e66, ^ii. 6184; Chauc. 
C. t 10673. 

ebben (ebbe), ASax. obbian, ^b, lud. Cov. 56; ebbe 
or flowe Hartsh. met. t. 131. 

ec, ASax. ec, eac, OFria. ak, Olcel. Goth, auk, OSnir. 
OC, OHGerm, ouh (rtiam, «ed, autem), eke, also, moreover, 
Mark. 14; a. r. 168; Orm. 159; £k ^t. (?fouc 200, 3; 
Alii. 2164; and ^ icli frovri rele wiste ou^ and nighL 


eche 178 

535; eek Ckauc. C. t. 41. 

Bche, A8ax. ece, ache, pain, a. r. 282; Fum.p. 8, 100. 

Sche, ASane. ece, aece, tUmal, Katk. 302; a. r. 108; 
Orm. 971; rd. ant. I, 130; owi and night. 1377; fche 
(iche) resta Hick. thes. 1, 224. 
gcheiiche eternally, Kath. 2387. 
fecnesse eternity, Kath. 664; J/nrA. 7; echenesse a. r. 144. 

6che? jlSoa:. eaca? increojie, addition : wipoiite wane and 
telle SJtoreh. 10; see eke. 

6chen, ASax. €cean, ^can, O.Saa-. okian, OHGerm. au- 
ehoQ, etc, increase, a. r. 124; re/, atwi^s 5, 126; 4che iioft. 
Giofw. 199, 19; HV. apec. 92; Shoreh. 38; -4iM. 6026; 
TFtW. ^ioM. 15; ^ken Oni'.ddic. 57; eke pr.conac. 3256; 
Bo6. &■. 176, 4; 4che (^p««.j CAawc. Trovf. 705; ^kes 
„adjiciet", pa. 50, 9. 

ed, ASax ed, GoiA. id, Olcel id, OHGerm. it, r^i^d). 
edgan? Win? o. r. 390* 
edgrow edgreto, aftermath, prompt, pare. 135. 
? edisch, ^Soir. edesc, edisc, ediah. 
edi8{h)heime „co(wrHia;", ps. 101, 40. 
edwit, jdSaa;. edvit, Goth, idveit, OHGerm. itwlz, reproach, 
a. r. 108; fio6. Glouc. 379, 16; aedwlt in^, 5827. 
edwiten (edwite), A^ax. edvltan (?), reproach, blame, Wid. 
gloss. 15; vis. P. P. 3213; Furrt. p. 4, 8; pr. come p. 11*; 
etwite (pres. suij.) a. r. 42"6. 

fiddre, ASos. aedre, OFris. 6A(ire, OHGerm. Uta, vein, 
rel. ant 2, 273 ; (dat.J a. r. 258. 

eder, ASax. edor, OSax. eder, MHGerm. eter, eder, 
hedge, . . . 

efen, A^ax. ef(e)n, emn, OFm, eveu, iven, Olcel. iafn, 
OHGerm. ebaner, even, like, equal, just, Orm. 1840; (efne) 
a. r. 2 ; even Ckaua. a. f. 1 49 ; Wicl. Luke 20 ; evene d6m 
C. of I. 490; eivin (sitbst.) Mar. mir. pi. 62; euch &n bt 
hia evene Kath. 57; an emo evenly, conjointly, Shoreh. 75j 
efne (eafne) pissen worden even widi these icorda, La'^, 
25939; ich singe efne owl and night. 313; pat is evene 
above pin hfived Wr. treat. 132; to bere him evene Chauc. 
G. (.1525; eveneforp wippi selverts. P. P. 11637; em(ne) 
forp (to?) mi wit Chauc. Trail. 2089; compos, anefeu. 
efeiuild Orm. 18fi05; evoneld „coaetanetis", prompt parv. 143. 
evencrisieiie feltow-chriatian, vis. P. P. 3353; em(n)cristene 
Hick thea. 1, 223. 

:,, Google 

174 Ofrp 

evenhed nequity", Wid. gloss. 
evenknight nfeUow-soldier", Wid. gloss. 
efeuhk evenly: whilk is wip god al efenhk Orm. 1837; 
evenli „eguitably", Wicl. gloss. 

efemnete, OHGerm. ebeninazer, equal, Orm. 3099; even- 
mete ps. 48, 13. 
evennes, ASax. efenniss, evenness, „aeguitas", ps. 10, 8. 

efne, OIceL eini {opportunity), Dan. evne {ability)f ef- 
ter hire efne a. r. 6. 

efnen, ASax. efnan, OIceL iafna, OHGerm. ebanon, 
6oth. (ga-)ibnjan, even, „aequare", Orm. 1396; eTenen 
Wid. gloss. 17; evenin prompt, parv. 143; efned, evened 
{pres.) a. r. 82; 132; evenep Sei. 1629; efnede {pret.^ a. 
r. 126; evened {part.) ps. 88, 7. 

efning, from efen (ew apeling,/fom apel)? equal, a. r. 
182; efuing, efening Orm. 10703; 10991; eyening Kath. 
119; owl and night. 770. 

eft, A^ax. eft, aeft, OSax. OFris. eft, eft, after, again, 
Lffl5.3264; Kath. 1449; Orm. 181; c. of I. 751; vis. P. P. 
11590; Gow. 2, 264; CAaiwr. C. t 1671; Jfaik/. 
14; Hoed. 1, 40S; and ^ver eft lie was lame li beaus disc. 
477; eft BOne oieZ aW nijU 819; Wtd. John 20; (efte) 
Mtw. a. p. 1, 332; pr. consc. 6523; Mar. mir. pi. 143. 

eft, ASax. eofot (cwipa)? eft and nip met. ham. 35. 

eg, ASax. ecg, Oi^'ris. eg, Olcel Ogg, OSaa;. eggia, 
OMOerm. ekka, ed(?e, „acie3^, Wr. voc. 238; egge jB-tmyrf, 
^OM). 136; Alis. 1271; egge (da(.) ins. ^202; Orw.8U6; 
Zt &eau.s (^jlsc. 1923; mid sweordes egge a. r. 60. 
eggetsl Gow. conf. atn. 2, 251. 

eggen, ASax. egian, ecgan? Olcel. eggia, OHGerm. 
egian, ecken, edge, incite, instigate, a. r. 146; Orm. 11819; 
eggin ^incitare", prompt, parv. 136; occare: eggen oper 
harwenP. P. p. 514;- egged {pres.) incites, r el. ant I, 131; 
eggen Chauc. C. t. Tyr. p. 169; egged {pret^ „incited'^, 
WiU. gloss. 222; pr. consc. 5483; Adam and Eve he egged 
t6 ille vis. P. P. 590; eggiden Wid. gloss. 15; i knif 
iegged in eiper side Bob. Olouc. 310, 19. 

eggunge incitation, instigation, a. r. 82; egging Orm. 
11675; Mor. a. p. 2, 241. 

egle, Fr. aigle, eagle, Mand. 48. 

egre, Fr. aigre, eager, sharp, sour, WHl. gloss.; M'^id. 
gloss.; Chauc. C. t 9075. 


flSia }7S 

egrebclie eagerly, vit. P. P. 10928, 

e^e, ^Saa;, ege, aege, OHOerm. egi, fear, terror, Orm. 
4481; eie Mark. 5; a. r. 418; Fum. p. 8, 140; Wr.p. s. 
196; eye Bek. 282; Rich. 3609; aeio, avJfi La^. 4733; 
9126; aye Rd>. Br. 275; see A'Tfi. 
eiful Kath. 40. 
e^elaes Orm. 6191. 

43 e , A^ax. eage, OFris. 4ge, OSoa^. oga, OHGei-m. ouga, 
Olcel. auga, Oo(A. augo, ilwaa, oko, £a(. ocu-Jus, eye, owl 
and ni^At. 426; fighe pr. ctwwc. 2234; Perceo. 691; 6ie a. 
n 60; eighe wis. P. P. 5857; ee Mar. mir. pi. 176; eje, 
136 IVtcZ. jiosB. 15; i^e Rob. Br. 330, 10; ighe Chauc. 
V. t. 2682; ae^en (pi.) ^03. 7247; &7fiix Brand. 2fi ', e^hea 
(eien) Hick. thes. 1, 222; eiea a. r. 16; ei^en WiZi, glots. 
322; gyen, ^ghen Ckaue. C. t. 152; 627; een ant. jlriA. 
47, 1; elineu Kath. 497; 4ghue Orw. 3415; humb. 620. 
esebrewe Wr. ;>. a. 239. 

eyeled prompt, pare. 136; ^elid Wr. yoc 206. 
^sheaaife Orm. 9426. 

eaehsen, aehseon, OHOerm. ougsiuni, Xaj. 3092; 9703; 
€x8en r£^. anf. 1, 103; out of his eighes^ne IViat. 3, 14. 
^hsihile Katk. 2347*; Mark. 17; eihsihde a. r. 58; fi^he- 
sihpe 0<-m. 186S. 
^ypurl Mark. 8; 6ipurl a. r. 62. 

63686, .4Saa-. egesa, OHGemt. egiso, horror. 
aei368ful i/03. 17912; eisful Mark. 9. 
eiahc horrible, Wr. voc 90; eisliche wihte Fum. p. 8, 142. 

ei, MHGerm. ei? e^/i, /foec/. 1, 393. 

ei (ey), -iSaa:- aeg, Olcel. egg, OHOerm. ei, ej^, iioi. 
(riowc, 404, 7; Gow. con/, am. 3, 76; Chauc- C. t. 12734; 
or. P. P. 447; It'ic/. e/ioM. 15; Lidg. m. p. 244; ey (eg) 
promjjt. parv. 136; ai Trial. 3, 79; ^d/is. 568; 0am. 604; 
flcA. Br. 175, 1; ey6 {dat.) owl and night. 133; eir mon- 
ger(e)3 Fum. p. 12, 69: eireii (pi.) a. r. 66; Ma/id. 49; 
i. c. c. 7: airen Alis. 4719; egges ijis. P. P. 7279; IIV. 
s. a. c. 56, 13. 
aischelle jiiw. 577. 

ei, ASax. eg, ig, ODutch ei, Olcel. ey, ey (m compos.) 
eilond w/aW, re;, anf. 1, 220; ^nd Boi. Ilr. 77, 5; ilaiid 
Tj-iit. I, 94; ilond Laj. 1133*; Oclov. 539. 

eile, -dSaa:.egla {a>-i»ta)f Wr. voc. B6,ail, awn, ^adM", 
Halltw. diet. 343; eilen (pi) a. r. 270. 


ITU eila 

eile (eil?), Goth, agio? ml, harm, a. r. 50; 62; 186'; 
Laz- 82 81*. 

eile, ASax. egle, Goth, aglua, grieooua: eyie and hard 
and muehe hit wes c. of I. 223. 

eilen, A^ax. eglan, Goth, agljan, aU, ffrieve, harm, a. 
r. 2Tfi; Rich. 3829; eslen Orm. 4767; eiled (;>rra.) Kath. 
1699; eile)) Chavc. G. t. 1083; 1 woot wel what Biknessc 
yow eiiep vtn. P. P. 4316; eilie {subjtin^.) a. r. 418; eiie 
Marh. 9; ailed (part.) Min. 41. 

eise, OFr. eise, ease, a. r. 108; ese Jiek. 2133; pr. 
consc. 595; eese CAauc. C. t. 971. 
eise (aise"), Fr. aise, coot/, o. r. 20. 

eisil, OFr. aissel, Gr. *oSa>.tc? vinegar, a. r. 402; C. 
o/i. 1150; eisel 6'Atf«c. r. r. 217; j1w</. 64. 

4it (aeit), A%ax. igod? aii, isie, La-^. 23874. 
eitlond island, T^a'i,. 1117. 

fike, j4Sair. eaca, addition; t^ken (to ^ke) moreover, 
Mark i; t^ken Orm. 747; teke (to eke) a.r. 78; on ^e 
Wr. spec. 34; see ^he. 
eker (iker), /or niker? .^iis. 6175; ekeris {pi.) 6202. 
■61, A?iax. &fi\, OHGerm. k\, OIcel.k}\, eel, prompt. parv. 
137; €Ies (pi.) ,¥ond. 161; Slis i. c. c. 50. 
filgGr, ODutch aelgeer, eehpear, prompt, parv. 

eld, elde, ^Saa;. aeld(o), eld(o), yld(o), OSaa. eldi, 
O/crf. old, Goth, aids, OJlGerm. alti, a^--, H'^ici. jZoas. 16; 
elde Wr. spec. 48; pis. P. P. 6658; CAowc. C. (. 2449; 
pr. come. 1513; elde, nlde Fvm. p. 8, 9 & 188; elde 
(dat.) a.r. 318; Own. 754; Mand. 293; aelde 1,(13. 11546. 
elding („eilding"), Olcd. elding, eldiHg, Juel, prompt, 
parv. 136. 

ele? ASax. ele, aele (?), Goth, alia, Zat alius, Gr. 
SXXo^ otAer. 

eldeodi, ASax. elpeodig, foreign, a. r. 348*. 
alpeodisc, ASax. elpeodisc, id., Zhj. 2301. 

ele, ASax. ele Ettm. lex., oele Botrf, eo, gloaa., oil, Orm. 
13252; SftweA. 41; e\\ Hick. thes. 1,229; eole Jfa<A.2512; 
eoli Mark. \\; a. r. 320; oli ps. 4, 8. 
elesaew Orm. 8667. 

elien (elye) oii, oitU, Shoreh. 41; elep (pres.) 42; ieled 
(niheled") {part.) Rob. Glove. 457, 7; he was icrfined 
and ieled LaT,. 31941. 

ellarn, ASax. ellarn (?), cmp. LGerm. elhorn, alhoro. 


elleu 127 

elder, „»ambucus", Wr. voc. I&I; eUera prompt, parv, 137 ; 
eller vis. P. P. 595; hillern? ibid.; see Wider. 

ellen, ^iSoar. ellen, OSax. OHGerm. ell&n, O/crf. eljan, 
Goth, aljan, strength, comffyrt, (elne) M.arh. 10; a. r. 106. 
ellenlaes Orm. 10908. 

, elles, ASax. OFris. elles, OHGerm. elles, alles, /rom 
ele, rfs^, Orm. 7983; oiot and night. 662; Hand. 5; pr. 
«MMC. 1281; Hoccl. IT, 23; ellis yis. P. P. 182; sooran*. 
211; elles hwar a. r. 78; owl atid night. Q30; elles whoder 
aliorsum, Fum. p. XVII, 549. 

elm, ASaar. elm, elm, prompt, parv. 138. 
elne, ASax. eln, OHGerm. elna, elina, OPris. ielne, 
O/cei. alin, Go(A. aleina, i^at. ulna, Gr. oiKi'ir^, ell; elne, 
elle yrOTwpf. parv. 138; elne facc.j ^iis. 2750; ftn elne long 
TFr. spec 35; elle ("(iat-J Oclou. 934; elnen fpij fioJ. Glouc. 
429, 3. 

elbowe Ifr. voc. 87; HV. (j-eot. 139. 
eln^erde Gaw. gloss. 

elnen, ASax. elnian, OHQerm. ellinon, G<a}i. aljanon, 
from ellen, comfort, a. r. 10; elnede (■pret.) Kath. 672. 
elp, ASax. elp, yip, elephant, rel. ant. 1, 223; see alp. 
emti, ASax. eni(e)tig, aem(e)tig, empty, Katk. 398; 
prompt, parv.; (empti) a. r. 166; Chauc. C. t. 3892 ; wiet 
^om.151; Amti Rob. Glouc. 17,23; &ne amtie place ^o/ftw. 
diet. 57. 

emtien (empte), ASax. Gm(e)tian, emtigeaii, empty, 
Chauc (J. t. 12669; aemteden (pret.) LaT,. 30408. 

en, Fr. en, Lat. in. 
encllne(n), inclAie, Mor. a. p. 1, 629. 
encorabren ineumher; acorabre via. P. P. 932; encombiil) 
(pres.) Hoed. I, 355; encombred (part.) Chauo. C. t. 510, 
endite(D), OFr. endicter, endlter, indict, indite, prompt, 
parv. 139; Ckaue. C. t. 2743; Gam 704. 
engin, OFr. engin, Lat. ingenium, engin, conlriiance, Wr. 
spec. 58; Alia. 1213; Chatic. C. t. 12267. 
enhaunse(n) enhance, Chauc. C. t. 1436; anhaasi Itoh. 
Glouc. 198. 

enberite(n) inherit, Mor. a. p. 2, 240, 
empeire(Q), Fr. empirer. Span, einpeorar, itapair, Mand. 
316; apeire vis. P. P. 3634. 
enqudre(D) inquire, Bek. 1356. 
en8pire(n) inspire, Fum. p. XXIX, 80. 


I7a ende 

ende, ABax. ende, OSax. Olcd. endi, OHGerm. enti, 
GoUi. andei8,«w^ Orm. 19826; vis. P. P. 1084; Ck<mc. C. 
t. 4675; to ende bringe e. of I. 288; al pe ende pet tu 
ant heo habbed in ierdet Mark. 16; ^h man . . . wende 
hom in bis endeFwrn. p. X,4l; pen(penG)ende rel ant. 
I, 175; ende, aende (eande) La;^. 243; 27505; aend& 
H. eeitsckr. 11, 298; ^ende Eglam. 961. 
endedai Bek. 1963. 

endeleaa a. r. 146; endelBs Oaw, conf. am. 2, 231. 
? enieloQg endlong, endways, Riek. 264.9; Chaxc. C. t 1993; 
endelong hire ant pwertover Mark. 10; eodlang pr. eonso. 
8582; endlong pe bord Gow.conf. am. 1, 182; be is end- 
longe feouwer & sixti munden La-^^. 21993; over pwart 
or endlonges Mand. 49. 

enden, ASax. endian, end, a. r. 24; Orm. 3264; ende 
harrow. 147; Mor. a. p. 2, 402; ended (pres.) owl and 
night. 941; endede (prft.) Rob. Ghmc. 32, 13; compos. 

ender, cmp. Oerm. ender (pritts) Or. wib. 3, 46, and 
Olcel. endr (Mm) Egilss. lex. IBG, former, past: pis ender 
dai Wr. spec. 60; Wr. an. lit. 11; Fum. p. XXVI, 2; 
s. S. Wd>. 1080; Goto. conf. am. 1,45; cr. P.P.i7&; this 
endris (?) dai m. Arth. F. 1017. 

ending, ^^jSoix. enduog, ending, WV.apcc.59; pr.oonse. 

ened, ASaas. ened, OJcd. ond, OHQerm. annt. Lot. 
ana(t)s, duck; eind (nbeind") Wr. voc. 352; ende prompt, 
parv. 139; enede (dat.) rel. ant. 1, 302, 

finin, ASax. eanian, DiUck oonen, from 6we? yean, 
lami, prompt parv. 140. 

enke, Fr. encre, ink, Wid. gloss. 

eode, ASax. eode, Gotk. iddia, (pret.J went, Mark. 747; 
a. r. 52 ; Wr. spec. 42 ; c. of I 320 ; eode, 3eode Bob. Glouc. 
53, 3; 79, 7; ede Hom 115; Mapes 335; jode (yode) 
Eglam. 521; Tor. 892; met. hom.. 72; Amad.Robs. LXVI, 
9; 105; jede 0»m 3162; vis. P. P. 4780; 
Chauc. C. t. 13209; s. s. Wr. 1964; sacram.299; compos. 
bi-, fore ode. 

eorl, ^Saa-.eorl, OSax. erl, OIcel.iB.t\, earl, BeA. 507; 
erl Chauc. C. t 6739; 3orl Degrev. 1881; eerl Hartsh. 
met. t. 3; eorlea f>i.^ Orwt. 3989; Fum. p. VIII, 161. 
erldom vis. P. P. 1049. 


eomd ITS 

eorne, cmp. Olcd. em (ttrennus), eagetiyf a. r. 44. 

eornest, ASaa:. eornOst, OHQerm. eriiust, Wd-th or- 
nest, earnest, zeal, ardour: per wes feht swlde stor, eornest 
ful stume io3. 16480; iihte mid folle ^orneste 16468*; 
emest Goto. con/, am. 1, 297; Ckauc. C. t. 3186; mid 
g6de erneat Bob. Qlouc 175, 5; ernest arrka, Gaw. gloss. 
379; Wicl. gloss. 16r Hartsh. met. t. 128. 
eroestli earnestly, eagerly, promjyt. parv. 142; Mor. a. p. 
2, 277. 

eorpe, ASax. eorde, iorfle Bout. ev. gloss., OSase.BTi&, 
OFris. erthe, erde, OHQerm. erda, Goth, airpa, Olcel. iord, 
e€irtk, Orm. 2696; c. of I. 95; eorde (earde) L03. 27817; 
erpe vis. P. P. 4468; Goa. conf. am. 3, 92; ps. 11, 7; 
Perceo. 156; erthe, erye? prompt, parv. 141; eerpe rcL 
OBf. 1, 282; 3orpe Halliw. nag. poel. 50; arpe Wr. treat. 

erthedio pr. consc. 4790; erpedine, -Aene. prompL parv. 141. 
eordetilie a. r. Hi. 
erpetilpe Wtd. gloss. 

eordeware inhabitant of the earth, o. r. 322. 
eorpllc, eorphj earthly, Orm. 7036; 10933; eorplich Alts. 
429; urplich Fum. p. XVII, 269; erdli pr. eoiuc 4955. 

eorden earthen, a. r. 388; erpen Chauc C. t. 12689. 

eow, ASax. eov, eovic, OSase. iu, OHOerm, iu, iwih, 
Cro^ izvis, {rfa(, occ.) i/ow, Fum. p. VIII, 79; eoil La^ 
737: relsongs VII, 3; ow .Kti/A.277; owlandnight J696;' 
ow (ou) c. (^ i. 667; oa harrow. 2; a. r. 8; ou (./w- je) 
Bulven 406; ou (/or 30) self Wr. a^ec. 35; juw (>»i. 89; 
311 WV. spec. 136; yow (you?) wis. P. P. 489; 3ou (you) 
Marg. 136; <7Aoitc. C. *. 730; Aud. 6; 30 ant .^A. 25, 2. 

eower (eouwer), ASax. eover, OiSoa;. iuwer, OHGerm. 
iwar, G(rt/i. izvar, (gen.) your, La^. 13833; over a. r. 8; 
RiA. Glouc. 500, 8; yournoiper nither of you, Amis 852; 
he ia your Chauc. Trail. 1679; 3or Fvm. p. XXX, 58; 
or Wr. spec. 37; eowre laste kare La^. 13582; eourego- 
dea 13947; eoure sunne rel. songs VII, 88; eureaiule rd. 
ant 1, 171; in owre bokes Kath. 839; jure iiflji none of 
you, Orm. 9271; 3ure preost 934; 30ure (youre) Brand. 
5; ois. P. P. 1499; youres yours, Ckauc. C. t. 14200. 

Ipen, Olcel. aepa (for oepa), cry; 6pep (pres.) Orm. 
919ft; see wepen, 

6r, ASax. ear, aeher Ettm. lex. 17, eher Bout. ev. gloss., 


180 erfe 

OHGerm. eliir, ahir, Goth, ahs, Olcel. ax, for, „gpica", 
Wr. voc. 233; (ere) prompt, parv. IA\] <Sre (rfoi.) ^iw. 
797; eres {pi.) Rob. Glouc. 490, 2. 

erfe, ASax. erfe, yrfe, OFria. erve, OHGerm. erbe, 
Go(A. arbi, coftie, (doi.) Orm. IOCS; erfes (^i^.) ps. 148, 10. 
■ erfte? A8ax. earfe (?), ODutch. erfte, erte, 07cfi. ert, 
OHGerm. arawiz. Or. Spo^;, jjea; hurfte = urfte? Wr. 
treat 132. 

erien, ASax. erian, 0/ce/. erja, OFris. era, OHGerm. 
erren, ear,plough, owl andnight 1037; aerien £03. 10030; 
erie WIS. P. P. 3800; eriin „arare", prompt, paro. 141; 
eren, ere WicLgUm. 16; ere 3fa W. 44; CkaHc. C, (.888; 
eren (pres.) Gow. cow/, am, I, 152; erede (p^-ef.) a. r. 
384; ifoJ. GioKC. 21, 13. 

ere re plougher, Wtcl. gloss. 

ermen (emie), ASax. yrman, from arm, make miserable, 
grieve, Chauc C. t. 13727. 

erming, ASax. erming, misery. Alts. 1525. 

ern, ASax. ern, a&iv, house: compoa. bak-, bere-, brfiw-, 

emeful emfid, sad, Chavc. C. t. Tyr. 12236*. 

erren, OFr. errer, Lat. errare, err, cr. P. P. 1679; 
erre (pres.) Ckauc. C.(. 12377; erride {pret.) Wicl. gloss. ]R. 

errour, OFr. errour, error, Shorek. 30; pr.consc. 4266, 

es, OFr. ea, e, Lat. ex, e. 
assai, Fr. esaai, Lot. exagium, essay, Fum. p. XXX, 166; 
Flor. 1500. 

abaissen, Fr. ebahiss-ons, abash; abaissed (part.) P. P. 
p. 517; abaist Mand. 295; abasched Alts. 224. 
e8chape(n) escape, pr. consc. 2678; aschape Will, glass.; 
ascapen wis. P. P. 1287. 

escflaen, OFr. escOser, excuse, a. r. 304*; esclisede {pret.) 
Skorek. 40; excflsed (part.) pr. consc. 6077, 
afFraye(ii), OFr. esfroier, a/ray, Chavc. C. t. 8331 ; afrfiiyed 
{pret^ Mor. a. p. 2, 1780; afraied (part.) met.hom. 21. 
araende(n), OF}-, amender, Lat. emendare, amend, Beh 
1094; amended (pres.) a. r. 420. 
expounen expound, vis. P. P. 9464. 

essoigno, OFr. essoine, essoigne, see Die^wh. 321, Diefevh. 
wh. 2, 290, Kuhn's zeitxchr. I, 340, essoin, excuse, JlallitP. 
diet. 340; asoine Rob. Glouc. 539, 10. 


asoiiie(n), OFr. essonier, excuse. Bob. Qlouc. 539, 5; asu- 
)iiea (asoDien) a. r. 64. 

astone, OFr. estoner, aelound, astonish, Oow. conf. am. 3, 
5J ; astoneicl (pret) Chauc. C. t. 8192; see astunien. 

each? Germ, escli? esh; compos, aver-, edisli? 

Sste (este?), ASax. eat, OFris. est, enst, Ofcel. kst, 
OSax. OHGerm. aiist, GoUt. anats, Jrom. an, favour, delight, 
(r. w. reste) Fum. p. VIII, 181 ; Hick. tkes. 1, 224; fle- 
Stihes este a. r. 364; 6ste {dat.) oicl and night. d53 ; Triam. 
1416; for goddis Sste Eglam. 904; estes? (^I.) dainties, 
Orm. 7542. 
eatful a. r. 168. 
esthcho datntiiy, a. r. 204. 

este, ASax. &ate, favorable, delicious: pat lond n is god 
ne hit nis este <ml and night. 997; nas iiin 4ste (este?) ■ 
mete paer Onn. 829. 

etel, ASox. etol {edax); compos, oferetel. 

eten, A^ax. OSax. etan, Olcel. eta, OFm. ita, Go(A. 
itan, OHGerm. ezan, Orm. 7806; Ckauc. C. t. 9764; ote 
Wicl. John 18; to etene a. r. 54; ete (pres.) mtl. horn. 
70; (ette) pr. consc. 4676; etest fei. ant, 1, 264; est Rob. 
Glouc. 238, 22; etep -SAorcA. 23; et Mark 17; hi etep 
owl and night. 1005; at (prel.) Bfk. 274; aet iitj. 8725; 
et (et?) Orm. 11549; Degrev. 1419; eet ww. P. P. 3238; 
»ie(. AoOT. 39; Stcu Orm. 4797; wm. P. P. 3713; eeten 
flicA. 113; ete (subj.) c. of I. 177; eten (part.) vis. P. P. 
11562; CkaucC. (.4349; 7w.763; Wicl. John 21 ; (etten) 
3. s. Wr. 837; etin Percem. 931; ieten, i;5eteii La^. 6e91; 
31773; iete Jtob. Olouc. 418, 13; i^mwd. 14; c. of I. 338; 
isete jSAorcA. 23; (iyete) Odor. 757; (isette) Fwrw. p. 7i/, 
33; compos, freten; deriv. aet 

eten, ^Sor. eton, eoten, Olcel. icitunn, giant, Triat, I, 
87; etain Oaie. gloss. 379; yhoten (eten) ps. 18, 6; eotand 
(eatande) La'T,. 1375. 

4pel, ^ISax. edel, OSoa;. &ail, Olcel. odal, OHGerm. 
nodil, „patria'^, Wr. voc. 92. 

edien (^di), J-Saar. fidian, breathe, Marh. 13. 

ever, ^Saa;. efor, eofor, OHGerm. eber, 6oar. 
everfern oak-fern, rel. ant. 1, 52; Jf<w-. a. p. 3, 438, 

evese, jlSaa:. efese, yfese, OHGerm. obisa, OFris. ose, 
eaves, edge, prompt. parv. 144; Wicl. gloss. 17; ovese (rfat.) 
re/, ant. 1, 219; eovesen (doi. pi.) La^,. 29279. 


IB2 eTssieD 

evesien, ASase. ef(e)siftD| dip, shear; Qvesede (pT^.) 
a. r, 898; evesed (j)ar(,) cr. P.P. 830; ieveset a. r. 422*. 

BTesunge ea{ve)sinff, clipping, (dat. ace.) a. r. 142; 
398; 6\ssmg9 prompt, parv. 144; evesinges (^I.) vit. P.P. 

evete, ASatc efeto (?), eft (evet), n-eict, Wr. voc. 167; 
Wid. gloss. 17; eveten (pi.) Fum. p. VIII, 138; ewtes 
Mand. 61. 

4we, ASax. eovu, OHOerm. awi, ODvtck ouwe, oie, 
ewtf, reZ. ant. 1, 161; awe fitte. owe. sotw^s 1, 11; ouwe 
Mapes 385; eeiie, yeene (pi.?) l^tci. gloss. 
^welaoib, ODutck oilam, TTici. gloss. 

£4, ^Soar. f&h, Ofm. fach? OBGerm. (gj-)f6her, /of, 
/w. 874; (faa) pr. consc. 1453; fo Bek. 870; CAauc. C'. (. 
63; Havd. 1363; to (fi) a. r. 62; fon (^i^.; Bek. 711; 
c. o/ /. 683; voinii (fftu) a. r. 388; compos, ifk. 
foman prompt, paro.; Mar. a. p. 2, 1175; Toa-(f&-^aa 
a. r. 186. 

fad, Fr.iaA%,daU, wan, {i&Ae) Q aw. gloss.; Wid. gloss.; 
Goto. conf. am. 2, 117; (faed) Mar. mi,: pi. 149; vad Wr. 
treat. 138. 

faden (fade) fade,Fum. p. XXX, 42; Lidg. m. p. 35; 
vade Halliw. diet. 906; pei faden (prea.) 6ou>. eonf. arn. 
2, 117. 

fader, ASax. faeder, OSoa:. fader, OFri*. fader, feder, 
Goth, fadar, Olcd. fader, OHGerm. fater, iai. pater. Or. 
itat^p, father, (nam. dat. ace.) Trist. HI, 38; pm. P. P. 
486; 3fartii. 2; Tor. 2058; fader (fadur) Ghauc. C. t. 100; 
fadir Iswmb. 313; fader, faeder Lot,. 212; 2971; feder 
rel. ant. 1, 1 ; veder a. r. 10; fader (gen.) La^. 398; Orm. 
3269; Rob. Glouc. 303, 4; (fadre) reb. Line. 9; fadres 
Chauc C. t. 12254; federes Mark. 2; a. r. 406; faderes 
(pi.) Hob. Glouc. 127, 3; vaderes La^. 30099; faderen 
(dat. pi.) 5724. 
faderles Katk. 78. 

fadien? A8ax. fadian (ordinare, disponere) Ettm. lex. 
334, OUGerm. faton? Graffs sprsch. 3, 450; fad, fadd 
(part.f) disposed, prepared? Trist. Ill, 41; Percev. 616. 

faec, Icel. (eikr (immanis)? Vortiger wes faec, forhir 
he his ]4verd biswaec La^. 13507. 

faeie, fdie, ASax. faege, 08ax. fegi, Olcd, feigr, 
OHGerm. feiger, cf^in^, dead, La^. 298; 4694; fSye Wr. 


fael 188 

spec 28; avow. Arih. IV, 6; f&y Degreo. 755. 

fliesid £03. 304. 

faeicscipe death, La^. 21268. 

fael, ASax. fell, fyll? ruin, dealmctionf {)aet ne mihte 
{>es kinges folc of lieom fael makien La'^. 635; J)at beo 
wes al forfaren purli pfire leodene vael 2921. 

fage (r. w. language) flattery, Lidg. st. of Th. 453. 

fa. gia flaUer, „adulari", prompt, parv. 146; f&ge Hcdliw. 
diet. 345; fage (imper.) Wid, gloaa.l7; f aged (p ret.) Lidg. 
m. p. 27. 

fa5en, .^Sox. faegeii, OSax.{agtm, Olcd. feginn, /atn, 
glad, rel. ant. 1, 220; faein La;. 11619; fain Fum. p. 
XVII, 412; pr. come. 4562; ImnA. 556; wip herte ful 
faine lud. Coo. 25; vein a. r. 192; fain, i&va prompt. pare. 
146; 152; fain, fawe Chauc. C. t 2439; 5802; fawe k. of 
T. 1058; vawe B06. ffiouc. 183, 12; faineat (»upeW.) Jtfor. 
a. p. 2, 1219; compoti. ifajen. 

fa^er, ^Soa;. faeger, OSoa;. fager, Olcd. fagr, OHGerm. 
fagarer, Ge<(A. fagra, /aiV, piUcker, Orm. 6392; fayer e. a. 
Wr. 2033; fair Chauc. C. t. 575; faire aightes pr. conac. 
9249; faeir, feier La^. 152; 38S6; feir a. r. 20«; chr&n.. 
Engl. 603; k. of T. 445; fairere {comp) Brand. 33; fei- 
rore c. 0/ i. 737; ve3ere3te (attperl.) La^. 29663; fajre 
fairly, Orm. 1215; faeire Lai,. 4842; he gr^tte him faire 
Bde. 34; feire ckron. Engl. 612. 
fairhEd heaiUy, Brand. 9; Alia. 6392; Flf»: 1670. 
feirlfiC beauty, Mark. 19; c. of I. 145. 
fajernease, ASax faegerness, OHGerm. fagarnesai, fair- 
neae, Orm. 12253; fairne^e prompt, paro. 146; Ckauc. 
G. t. 1100; fairnes pr. come. 249; veirnes8(e) a. r. 52. 
feirachipe beauty, c. of L 690. 

fairien, jiStur, faegerian, make fair, become fair; 
fairip ipres.) Mi8.290i; fairede (;ire(.) a. r. 302*; feirede 
c. of I. 876. 

f&3ien, ASax. fAgian, /row iSh, colour, atatn: stremes 
of blode f&seden pi feldea La^. 1(1413; if&wed (i vowed) 
mid bldde 4165; see fowen. 

fah, ASax. fah, f4g, Olcel. f&r, OSax. fgh, OHGerm. 
feher, Goth, faihus, cmp. Jtuss. nir'ig and Gr. itoixtXoc, co- 
loured, variegated, La^. 24653; foh and grei rel. aongs 
IV, 28; foh ne grai Hick, tliea. 1, 224*; foh {printed feh) 
ant gtlsrd. ant. 1, 109; fflah Wr.voc. 90; filw GaK.gloaa. 

184 fiu 

380; fow and ^is hedliw. diet. 376; Triat. II, 9. 

fai, MHGerm. feie, Fr. fee, Frov. fada, Ital. fata, fairy. 
Govt. conf. am. 1, 193. 

faile, MHGerm. vaele, Ofr. faille, Welsh fael, /"«»!; 
wipouten (wi|K>iite) faile c, o^ 2. 1162; Qow. conf. am. 
2, 71. 

fallen, MHGerm. vaelen, OFr. faillir, Wd»h faeln, 
/r. feallaim, /at?, Gow. conf. am. 1, 337; faili Gaw. gUm. 
879; him ne failled no^t Brand. 13; pei seiii pat wefai- 
len Mand. 134; pe king . . . failede his mihte ^03. 2936*; 
and failede of his hllre a. r. 404. 

faine joy? for faine Iw. 2086; Fhr. 844. 

fainen, ^ Sao;, faegniaa, fagenian (faeCart), 0/ceJ. fagna 
(gaudere, cum gaudio exctpere), OHGerm. faginon {exul- 
tare\ Goth, faginon (j^aipeiv), fawn, rejoice, La^. 3688; 
faine sal alle pat hope in pe „laetentur omnea qui aperant 
in te", ps. 5, J2; fawnin „blandiri", prompt, parv. 152; 

rnne veined he mid ou (penne fahenes (mse. nfanehes") 
ow) a. r. 194; fainede swidefolc an hlrSde of Ardures 
cume La'T,. 21843; fawned (fauhnede) wip pe tailes vis. 
P. P. 10216. 

fainare flatterer, prompt parv. 146. 

fauning _/aip«»/i^, Wiel.gloa9. 17; Wr.apec. 2i; vawe- 
nunge (doL) a. r. 290. 

faint, OFr. faint Pies wb. QiG, Jaint, „segnia", prompt, 
parv. 153; cr. P. P. 93. 

faken, ASax. fAcen, OSaas. fgcni, Olcel. feikn, deceit- 
ful, Orm. 12655; foken Bob. Br. 194, 16. 

f &ken, ^fiox. flcen, OSax. fScan, Olcd. feikn, OHGerm. 
fetcban, deceit, Orm. 12797. 

f&ken,f&knen? OHGerm. feihnon? deceive f tokea {prea.) 
rd. ant. 1, 179. 

fal, A^ax. feall, fell, fyll, OSax. OHGerm. fal, OFri^. 
fal, fel, Olcd. fall, /o/f, „ca«Ks", prompt, pare. 147; Kaih. 
2322; lAdg. m. p. 29;' (fall) Orm. 11862; Alia. 4412; 
(val) a. r. 326; see fa«i. 

fald, ABax. feald, OSax. OFria. fald, 0/cei. faldr, 
OHGerm, falter, Goth. falp9,/oW; compos. An-, feole-, mani-, 
twa-, prSfald. 

fald, ASax. fald (?), fold, „omle'', Wr. voc. 204; pr. 
come. 4637; fold Wtcl. John 10; faldes {pi.) Orm. 3339. 

falde, ASax. feald (?), MHGerm. yalde, valte (p^i«o. 

faldeo 185 

rec&utwi), Olcel. falda (pephtwi), fold, plica: in one volde 
owl and night 696; Testoment of riche fold met. horn. 
113; robes in folde Fercev. 32; under felde (r. w. belde) 
Wr. spec. 24. 

falden (falde), A&aa:. fealdan, Olcel. falda, OHGerm. 
Mden, falten, Ooth. falpan, fold, clasp, bend, lv>. 1425; 
Itwnb. 307; foldin „j^icare'*, prompt, parv. 168; for no 
fa(i)DtiBe Arthur nold folde m. Arth. F. 2547; Jw feen- 
des strengpe to folde k. of T. 1118; sixti sir Roger doun 
can (r. gan) folde Triam. 326; felde (r. w. elde) rd. ani. 
1, 120; ant mei no finger felde (r. to. helde) Wr. gpec. 
48; folden (part.) Gaie.gloaa. 382; Wid.gloss. 18; er. P. 
P. 452 ; voiden to grunde La^. 2007 7 ; compos, bi-, unfolden. 

faldien. Olcel. falda, OHOerm. faldon, foldf blind 
fellede {for feldede?) {pret) blind-folded, a. r. 106; fol- 
did (port.) Wid. gloss. 18. 

falding a sari of doth, prompt, parv. 147; Chaue. C. 
t 3212. 

fale, Olcel. fair ( M&r. a. p. 3, 92; see f€le. 

falle, ABax. fealle, OHQerm. falla, *rop, prompt, parv. 
147; felle t&u^.,* compos, mousfalle. 

fallen, JSm;. feallan, OSax. OHQerm. fallan, Ofm. 
Olcd. falla, /aH, Xa3, 801; Orm. 7640; vallen a. r. 372; 
fallin „cadere, accidere", promptparv. 147 & 148; vallinde 
(pres. pdH.) a. r. 280; feol (pret.) La^. 177; Alis. 663; 
FfV. «pec. 62; feol, veol a. r. 226; 280; fel (fell = fel?) 
Orm. 67; h of T. 1086; Launf. 755; f^l, fll via. P. P. 
9072; 9699; fil Chauc. C. t. 847; fill Brand. 1; feollen 
Lot,. 573; f61!eo dm. P. P. 12701; felle (feollen) ^oiA. 
1598; fuiien c. o/ (. 100; fallen (pret. part.) harrow. 108; 
Mand. 52; compos, a-, bi-, i-, tof alien. 

fals, jISox. fals, Xa(. falsus, /oZse, a. r. 74; Bcfc. 1004; 
(«u6<t) Onw. 12177; valsest (awper^.) £03. 30182. 
fahbed /otjeAooii, Gow, cow/, am. 2, 226; pr. cotwc. 1176. 
falsliche falsdy, vis. P. P. 12785. 

falsien (falsie), ASaa;. {a.\9ia.n, false, fail, betray, La^. 
23967; falsen Chauc. Trod. 3633; falsin prompt, pare. 
148; falsen (pres.) apol. 66; valsie (««&;.) a. r. 270. 

faltrin fafter, prompt. pan?. 148 ; faltren (pres.) CAowc 
C. t. 5192. 

falow, GcTM. falg ScAm. &. w. 1, 527, /aHow, nBOPaiw", 
prompt, parv, 148. 


166 &lW« 

falwA, ASaai. fealo pi. featve, OHOerm, iajwer, Olcd. 
folr ti. f(Avar{p(Ulidua,fiamis,JvlvtuJ, f allow, flavus, Ghawc. 
a i."l366; pB falewe feW Rich. 461; falewe (pi) Lot,. 

falewen, ASax. fealviao, OHGerm. taleweo, become 
falloto or pale, Wr. gpec, 89; reL ant, 1, 66; falewi rel. 
aonga I, 6; valewed fpres.) a. r. 132; falowip Fum. p. 
VI, 7; faiewede {pret.J La^. 4163; Mor. a. p. 2, 1539; 
falowede Htdlito. diet. 346. 

falwea, Germ, falgen, ftdlow; falwe n^ovo", prompt, 
parv. 148; hi faleweden erpe ckron. En^l. 94. 

fAm, ASaas. f&m, OHGerm. feira, foom, Degrei). 1386; 
fom Bronrf. 19; (foom) Ckauc. C. t. 12492. 

f &mien? f£men, ASacr. faeman, OHGerm. feiman, Joam; 
fomin prompt ptw^j, 169; f&med (pret.) «. s. Wr. 989; 
fimiden H^ii-f. ^foss. 17; vemde Rob. Glouc 208, 7. 

famblen, i)am. famle. stutter, rel. ant. 1, 65. 

fandien, ^Sosc. faiidian, OFrig.ia,nA\a.(viaitare), OSax. 
fandoQ (inqnirere, tentare), from finden, eeek, try, tempt; 
fanden Orm. 11836; fande HV. spec 41; Iw. 316; pr. 
conac. 2228; ifin. 24; fondien i((3. 2949; fondeo harrow. 
68; a. s. Wr. 1489; vonden a. r. 194; fonde CAowc. C. t 
4767; fcrcee. 1466; Deffreo. 118; fondep fprca.j pm. P. P. 
7784; Gow. eonf. am. 2, i06; fonde we pis toUn to were 
Rich.4i02; fondede fi»re(.; ficA.716; fondeden Xa(A. 121; 
faaded (part.) ps. 11, 7. 

fanding, ^jSoit.' faodung, frutl, t»Rj)bi^n, Orm. 12262; 
pr. coTuc. 314; vondunge a. r. 258. 

fane, ASax. Goth, faiia, OSdsr. OHGerm, fano (i>a»- 
niM, vexUliim), vane, flag, prompt, parv. 148; Gaw. gloee. 
380; chaunging as & fane Ckauc. C. t. 8872; hia mast of 
silvir and of golde . . . and of r€d golde was his fane 
Efflam. 1162. 

fangen, Germ, fangen, Dutch vaagen, faftg, take, teize, 
catch, Orm. 10799; i&iigia prompt. paro. 149; fangep 23,6; 
met. horn. 80 ; fange, fonge Gaw. gloaa. 380 ; 362 ; via. P. 
F. 3621; 9195; fongo OJmuc. C. t. 4797; m. Arth. F. 3503; 
vonge owl and night. 1133; feng, ASax. OSax. OFria. 
ffing, OHGerm. fiang, fieng, (pre(.)I^3. 30580; Bek. 783; 
s. a. Weh. 924; f6ng to pe flist Mor. a. p 2, 377; Y«ng 
to dellten a. r. 52; his dom he feing Rob. Br. 335, 5; 
fonge, ASax. OFria. (ge-Xangen, OSax. OHGerm. (ge-) 


fangel 187 

fangan, {part.) Flor. 1831; compoa. a-, at-, bi-, i-, on-, 
tmderfangen ; deriv. feng. 

fangel? compos. newefangeL 

fangelen? hold ^ou Bti\ and f&ugel ao^t rel. ant. 1,257. 

fangere „SK8ceptor", ps. 5, 4. 

fann, ASax. fann, cmp. OHGerm. wauna and Lot. 
vannus, /on, prompt, parv. 148; fantie Wr. toe. 233. 

fanneii /on; fanne prompt, parv.; fannez Mor. a. p. 
2, 457. 

far, ASax. (ge-)faer {iter, navis), Olcd. far (yreasws, 
ifw, vectura, namgium). 

farcost, Olcd. farkostr, proceeding, tax. 1490; veaad, met. 
horn. XIX. 

. fare, ASax. faru, OFris. fere, 0/eei. t6x, fare, expe- 
dition, course, proceeditig, mooenteat, buade, ado. Alts. 7072 ; 
via. P. P. 12109; Chauc. C. t. 4989; s. a. Wr. 842; JftH-. 
a. p. 2, 861; 3, 98; m. Arth. F. 945; Perceu. 1037; ant. 
AAh.IV,&; lud.Cov. 183; Min. 45 ; h6r wes mete, h4r wes 
draenc, her wes unim^te fare (movable goods f) La^. 10336; 
pei buskid pem wip riale fare (apparelf) Eglam. 1054; 
awulc fare (hoatf) of fleojen her was La'T^. 3904; compos. 

faren, ASaat. OSax. Goth. OHGerm. faran, OFris. 
Died, fara, fare, go, pass, proceed, Orm. 3456; and h^hte 
hine mid his ferde faren a^aein to Rome La^. 26252; 
farin prompt, parv. 150; fare via. P. P. 6428; pr. consc. 
1863; Percev. 1113; Rob. Hr. 164, 16; after him for to 
fare a. a. Wr. 290; fare (prea.) owl and night. 460: pou 
farest (doest) bi me Chauc Troii. 5132; vared a. r. 120; 
and farep over pe flod Trist. II, 17; faren (aubj.) Mark. 
1393; farinde (jwrt.) Xa3. 4262; wel faraode Zjrwmi. 333; 
for (pret.) Orm. 2655; Bob. Br. 28, 21; he for n6h fit 
of his iwitte Mark. 6; and seodden he vor to Lundene 
Lot,. 29367; fore ant. Arth. LV, 11; pei fore forpward 
Percev. 1425; faren (part.) rel. artt. 1, 225; via. P. P. 
2481; sinden faren ut of life Orm. 8391; compos, for-, 
forp-, jfaren; deriv. far, fere, fore. 

farh? ASax. fearh, OHGerm. farh, Lai. porcus, farrow; 
ferenV (pZ.) Alia. 2441. 

fart, Qerm. isrz, fart, Chauc. C. t. 3804; lud. Cov. 21 

farton, Qerm. farzen, /art, „pedere^, prompt, parv. 160. 

faselin, GerTn. faseln, ravel, prompt parv. 150, 


188 fast 

fast, ASax. faest, OSax. fast, Olod. fastr, OFris. feat, 
OHGerm. fester, fast, Jimi, close, strong, „fixu8", prompt, 
jtarv. 151; Orm. 1602; faestrs (comp.) La^. 9775; faste 
(adv.) Brand. 5; Rick. 3331; Perccy. 1020; and riden taste 
wis. P. ^.2135; fast© bi {fast or dose hj) pe Belle Chauc. 
C. t. 721; on fast near, Orm. 3334; vaate Rob. Glouc. 
568, 2G; feste (faste) LaT,. 7533; an fest iiear, 16607; on 
fest (faste bi) RadestOne 9; an, on veste quickly, 1455 
9786; compos, or-, schanie-, sop-, stedefast 
faest-, festliche fastly, firmly, strongly, quickly, La^. ISODfi 
21201; vestluker (comp.) a. r. 234. 
fastrsde /ost in counsel, owl and niyht. 211. 

fast? fest, ASax. faeat? Olcel. fasti? OHGerm. festi? 
fest, nligamen", prompt, paro. 158. 

faste, OSax. OHGerm. 0/cei. fasta, OFris. festa, /(m(, 
„jejunium'^, prompt, parv. 151; Orm. 11333. 

fasten (faste), ASax. faestan, Go(A. fastan, OHGerm. 
fegtan, Olcel. festa, fast {fest), fix, tie, Haliiw. diet. 348; 
m. Arth.F. 3324; festin „figere, ligare", prompt, parv, 158; 
fastid {part.) Wicl. gloss. 17; fested pr. consc. 5295; fest 
wis. F. P. 1130; met. horn. 79; compos, ifasten. 

fasten, ASax. faestan, Goth, fiistan, OHGerm. fasten, 
Olcel. fasta, OFris. testia, Jaet, nje^unare", Orm. 11326; 
fastin prompt, parv. 151; vesten a. r. 412; faste (pret.) 
Brand. 5; veste a. »•. 126. 

f a s t e n , ASax. faesten, fasten, jejunium, Fum. p. VIII, 
74; vesten a. r. 136; compos, midfesten. 
vestendei a. r. 318. 
id&\iag^a^ prompt, parv. 151*. 

festinge, ASaa:. faesting, nfixura", prompt, parv. 158. 

vaestnien, ASax. faestnian, OFns. festna, OHGerm. 
festinon, fasten, firmare, L03. 29061; festneil, festni Kath. 
1180; 2011; festnen Orm. 1718; festne Chauc. C. t. 195; 
featenez {jyrea.) Mor. a. p. 2, 156; fastnede (pret.) Wid. 
gloss. 17; c of L 1426; fastiied (^art.) an( Artk. XXXIX, 
6; (fastend) Gow. conf. am. 2, 29; festened (. c. c. 36; 
compos, ifaestnien. 

fastness, ASax. faestness, fastness, „firm<tmentum* , ps. 
24, 14; fastneaae Wicl. gloss. 17. 

fastning, A%ax. iae&imiag, fastening, Wicl. gloss. \7; 
festninge prompt pare. 158. 

vestscbipe closeness, a. r. 202. 


fat, ASax. faet, OSoar. Olcel fat, OHOerm. faz, vat, 
„cupa'*, prompt, parv. 151; ret. ant 1, 55; (fatte) Mor. a. 
p. 2, 802; fat, vet a. r. 320*; fet Hiek. thee. 1, 229; fet, 
feat Marh. 17; 18; fattes (pi.) Rich. 1431. 

fat, A^ax. faett, OHGerm. feiz(i)ter, Jat, Orm. 959; 
Wr. treat. 138; Rich. 6003; Wn p. 8. 332; Ohauc. C. t. 
200; (l&tte) Hardw.poem 34, 4; |)a fatte Laj. 19445; „fat 
or fet pingvis", prompt, parv. 151 ; vet a. r. 136; pisfette 
keif (fatte caiO 138. 

fatten, A^ax. faettan, OHOerm. feizten, fat, faUen, 
WiclglosB. 17; fatte Ckauc. C. t. 7462; vetten a. r. 128; 
fatted {pret.) ps. 22, 5. 

f a d e m ? A%ax. faedtu, 08ax. fadm, OleeL fadmr, 
CtHGerm. fadem, fathom; vedme {acc^) La^. 27K86; fedme 
Oetov. 1656; fadrae (pi) Chauc. C. t. 2918; fedme Ali». 

fadmen, ^So^. faedman, 1 cpLiaHiati, fathom; fadmen 
„tiliiare'*, prompt, parv.; fadmede (pret.) embraced, HaveL 
1291; fr^ndez (for frSndes) felleu iu f€re fapmed to geder 
Mor. a. p. 2, 399. 

fax, A8att. feax, OFris. Olcel fax, OSax. OUGei-m. 
fah9,Aai>, Flor. 1545; Mor. a. p. 2, 790; aiiL Arth. XXIX, 
5; Mar. 183; vaex iaj. 21873; faxes (gen.) gr. 45 

fea? A%ax. fea pi. feave, OFria. f^, OSax. fftb, Olcd. 
fir, OIIQertn. foher, Goth, fans, iat, paucus; feawe (pi-) 
few, Kath.950; feave (teavre) Furn. p. VIII, 176;faewe Orm. 
424; fine faowe 19764; ffiwe Mand. 25ft; 3. fewe mea Rob. 
Olouc. 18, 2; in fdue jfire t«3. 387*; feu Aud. 16; flu 
(fftwe, fewe)? ant. Artk. VII, 2; fflwe, foue rd. ant. I, 8fi; 
^Amad.Roh8. LXX,i; f6ne,fdn(' jw. 106, 39j pr. eonac 
764; 2693; Min. 7; «i. .4rt/i. F. 2378. 

feble, OFr. fehle, feeble, Fum. p. XVII, 547. 

fecche, cmp. OIIGer-Hi. wicche ajtd Lot. vicia, vetch, 
prompt, parv. 153; feche Wr. voe. 201. 

fecchen, A^ax. feccan, fetch, Orm. 8634; uw. P. P. 
1244; veclichen a. r. 368; fecche jEform 357; Wr. an. lit. 
10; Fum.p.XII[, 222; vacche cAron.o/£Mjr/. 207; foche? 
Tmcn.myid. 60; ant. Arth. XXXIII, t; facclipji (pres.) R'r. 
^. g. 190; fecche (««ij.) rd. songs 2, 44; feche Mor. a. p. 
1, 846; faehte (pret.) Im't,. 6460. 

fgden, A%ax. f4dan, OFm. i^tla, 0/ccZ. foeda, OSatr. 
Got!i. fodjan, OHGerm. fuotaii, from fSde, feed, La'^. 3253; 


190 fefer 

Orm. 2080; i-fiden a. r. 414; ffide Mand. 58; met. hom. 
43; (feide) Amad. Web. 330; fet (pre*.) a. r. 198; tedde 
(fedde?) (pret.) Kath. 1843; CAnwc. ^. (. 146; f6d (fed? 
_/or fMed) (part.) c. of I 1^76; if«d J-'wrtt. p. X///, 135; 
iv^d a. r. 206. 

fefer, Lat. fehria. feser; fefre (liot.) a. r. 112. 

fesien, jlSoa-, faegian, OTcel. fegja, faegja, ODtUck 
vegen, vaegen, MHOei-m. vegea, Jeigh (fey), polith, cleanse; 
faeien heore st^den La^. 8057 ; foj de dus of di brtet 
fil3e rei. an;. 1, 215; fee^eden heore wdpnen La^. 7957. 

feyar, MHOei-m. vegaere, deanaer, prompt, parv. 203, 

f^je, JSdir. fege (aj)tm); compos, iffije. 

f^sen, ASax. fSgan, OSaa-. (ogian, 0^r«V. f6ga, OHQerm. 
fuogaii, fay, join, fit; Tfiien a. r. 396; fie (»■. w. ^ye) a. «. 
Wr. 2981; vie HV. («a(. 139; vSep (prea.) Bek. 668; 
feased, feahes? a. r. 58*; fSiede, fiede? {pret.) Lai,. 50; 
649; fSjed (part.) Orm. 11501; compos, i^en. 

ffi^ung jomtny,- vSiunge (dnf.) a. r. 78. 

feh, JSaar. feoh, OFris. fia, 0/e^i. fg, OSax. fehu, 
OHGerm. fihu, Go(A. faihu, inf. pecus, /fe, cattle, good, 
properli/, money, Orm. 3379; Wr. p. a. 152; feoli (feo) La3. 
4429; 'feih (feh, fech) a. r. 224*; 326; fei (feis) c. of I 
467; fee Ckttuc. C. t. 6279; /swmA. 90; Egl'Mn.294; hirdes 
pat k^pe pS.r fee Mar. mir. ji. 96; mi gold and fee sa- 
cram. 382. 

fei, feip, OFr. fez, faith; fei Bek. 2062; s(wra»(. 589; 
fai Degrev. 428; feipi^wMi. p. XXV, 136; (feith) „^»", 
prompt, parv. 153; Mand. 18; Eglam. 440. 

ffiide, ^SoiK. faeha, feehdo, O-fm. feithe, OHQerm. 
(-ge-X^lii^a ? feiid, enmity, (da'.) Alii. 96. 

feinin, OFr. feigner, feign, prompt, parv. 153; feine 
Ckauc. C. t. 738. 

fei, ASax. OSax. OFris. OHQe^-m. fell, fei, 0/crf. fiall, 
Lat. pellis, /VH, aitm, ffoiA. 1617; Hide. tkes. 1, 227; s. a. 
fVn 2483; k. of T. 752; (fell) Orm. 10441; fei, vel a. r. 
362 ; 564 ; felie (dot) pr. consc. 82 ; ft feyer (ring of fl«scbe 
and felle Eglam. 29. 

fei, ASax. (vael-)fel Qrein's gloss., felt (?) Somn. dtct, 
ODutch fei Maerl rk gloss., OFr. fei Ro^ef. glosi., fell, 
cruel, fierce, Furn. p. XXIV, 35; chron. of KngL 791; 
Rich. 4419 ; Cliaiic. 0. t. 75S4; Lidg. m. p. 145; fl, fei wind 
vis. P. P. 10857; fell and grim met. h<m. 123; (felle) 


fel 191 

„9ecenu, feroae", prompt, parv. 152; pr. come. 1743; felle 
frekea (pi.) vis. P- P. 2811; felle {dot. pi.) Mor. a. p. 1, 
3C7; mid hire felle wrenches La^. 5302*; felle {adv.) 
Trist. /, 9; he lokede felle Octov. 936. 
felli felly, Mor. a. p. 2, 571; pr. cotisc. 4449; Percev. 618. 

fel, Olcel. fiall, fell, hill, De^rev. 1149; met. horn. 25; 
(tell) /w. 2711; felle8(pi.) ant. Arth. 1,8; {eUiB Gaw.glosg. 

fela^e (feiaseV), Olcel. ffilagi EgiUs. lex., Fritener's 
ordb., fellow, Skoreh. 161; felaghe pr. cofisc. 5485; felawe 
Alts. 2255; via. P. P. 4488; Chauc. C. t. 397; Percm. 
460; felawe, feolawe a. r. 114; felawe, felowe Wicl. gloss. 
17; felowe Mand. 24; felau Amad. Robt. LV, 12; fela 
„socius", prompt, parv. 153; felajea (pi.) Gaw. gloss. 380; 
felahes Katk. 2339; felois avoie. Artk. LXVI, 1. 
veolauliche fellowly {-like), a. r. 38. 

velaureden (ms. -redden) company, a. r. 30 ; felawrSde Rick. 
3137; k. of T. 956; felaurade Homl7i. 
te]s.^Bchip fello?cahip, Mor. a. p. 2, 271; feolaoBchipe a. r. 

feld, ^Saa;. feld, feald (?), OSax. OHGerm. kid, OFris. 
feld, field, fdd, Orm. 14568; Wr. spec. 105; vis. P. P. 
462; Maud. 50; Degrev. 269; [kbu feld {ace.) Rob. Qloue. 
213, 2; Teld o. r. 102; veld, faeld (feold) La^. 14202; 
17156; feld (feeld, field) Chauc. C. t. 888; feeld prompt, 
parv. 154; feild AUs. 3403; fild Percev. 1679; Tor. 3; 
Amad. Robs. XVT, 11; felde {dot.) oid and night. 1712; 
vaelde, valde (felde) La^. 14190; 15188. 

fele, A^ax. fela, feola, feala, OFrxs. felo, fele, OSox. 
OHGerm. fllu, filo, G»-. tioXu, Tnany, vis. P. P. 2055 ; jtfor. 
rt. p. 1, 21; pr. consc. 2453; m. -driA. F. 6; ani. ^r(A. 
^X/, 2; fele shulen fallen Orw, 7640; fele wike oteland 
night. 803; fele, feole Katk. 89; 120; feole, veole a. r. 
162; 320; fele, feale Furn. p. VIII, 5 & 35; fele (fele) 
3gre La^. 13733; fale Hiek.ihes. 1, 232; vale Rob.Gtovc. 
200, II. 

feolevald (falefold) manifold, La^. 27129; feolevold a. r. 

(elefar©? ^Soa;. fealafor? OHGerm felefor? felfare, 
fieldfare; feldfare Hartsk. met. t. 264; feldefare? ChoMC. 
r. r. 5510. 
fslefaldien multiply; fele&ldes {pres.) ps. 11, 9. 

fgle (feleV), ASaar. faele, OFris. f§Ie (fele?), OHGerm. 


feiler (venali»)^ good, true, La^. 3290; (r. w. tfile) md 
and night. 1376; Mapea 360; 352; Percev. 729; compo*. 

ffele, A^ax. (ge-)f<Sle, genmble; compos, edf^le. 

felen (fele), ASatr. feolai], 0/crf. fela, OMOerm. felhtm, 
Oolk. filhail, feal, hide, met. horn. 3i indinef avow. Arth. 
XXXVIII, 11; fele? (preg.) Mor. a. p. 2, 914. 

ffilen, ASax. felaii, OFris. fela, OSact. (gi-)f61ian, 
OHGetm. fuolan, feel, Qow. conf. am. 3, 281; f§le Mor. 
a. p. 2, 107; apd. 1 ; v61ed (jw-es.) a. »-. 178; felde (^)-ei.) 
318*; Hob. Qlmc. 17, 13; S/toreh. 86; f^lte CAauc. C. t. 
12449; feled (part.) Wr. spec. 68; compos. iKIen. 

felunge (fSlinge) /ee/tw^, a. r. 114. 

feli, A^ax. felge, ODwfcA velge, OHGerm. felga, M/y 
{feUo), Wr.voc. 180; felwe „eanthits'*, prompt, pare. 154; 
fellowe IVr. poc. 234; felien(pi.) £'<«/*. 1944; feliis Wicl 

fellen, A^ax. fellan, fyllan, OSckb. fellian, OHOerm. 
fellan, Olcel. fella, fell, maice to fail, Wr. p. a. 189; felle 
Ghaue. C. t. 1704; met. horn. 45; fellen, faellen, feollen 
Laz- 4204; 5632; 8600; felde {pret,) Rob.Olouc. 70, IS; 
fulde La^. 3710; felden Alis. 5344; teolden - cArtm. Engl. 
94; mmpos. a-, ifellen. 

felt, ASax. felt, ODm/cA vilt, OHGerm. &h, felt, Mor. 
a. p. 2, 1680; feelt prompt, parv. 154. 

ie\ ten felt f felted botes Hardw. poem 26, 4. 

fen, jlSoar. fenn {ptdus), OHGerm. fenni, feuna (tii.), 
OFris. femie (p<dus, locus palustris), Olcel. fen ((rf.), Go(A. 
fani (TtijXoc), fen, lutum, palm, Wr. spec. 54; cr. P. P. 
884; pr. consc. 666; (tenne) prompt, parv. 154; Ten a. r. 
138; venne (dat.) owl and night. 830. 
fenverQ r,»olma", Wr. voc. 139. 

femii, Ai^ax. feiiiiig, fenny, Mor. a. p. 2, 1113. 

fenel, fenkil, .^Swa-. fenol, finol, LaL feniculum, ye«ne/ 
{fnkel), prompt, parv. 155; fenekel, fenkel Halliw. did. 
352; finkil Wr. voc. 191. 
fenelseed W*. P. P. 3101. 

feng, ASax. feng, from faogen, captarc, grasp; fenge 
(dot.) owl and night. 1283; venge La^. 614; fenges igen.) 
86 1 0. 

feo, Af£«j(. fendum,/ee, j4iw. 7963; (eo r^feodvs", prompt, 
parv. 152; fees citiesf Mor. a. p. 2, 960. 


foon 19S 

feon? ASax. faon, feog&Q, OHGerm. flen, Goth, fijan, 
fuOe; compos, ifeon? 

feond, ASaan. feond, OSax. ttond, OFris. fland, flund, 
OImI. fiandi, £rof^. fijaads, OHGferm. flant, flenl^ ^emj, 
enemy, devil, La^. 237; I^r. spec. 83; Teond a. r. 66; 
feend „diaboltis", prompt, parv. 1 55 ; Maad. 87 ; fend (feond) 
c. of I. S93; fSnd Orai. 12364; ^r^Iam. 564; nmram. 884; 
f^nde 3for. a. p. 2, 205; jw. co/mc. 1253; find Tor. 991 ; 
And. 2 ; compos, ifebnd. 

feondUche Jiendly, La^. 85 ; feendli Wicl. gloss. 
feondscipe enmity, Lu't,. 7714. 

feor, OFr. feur, fuer, foer {taux), price, value, a. r. 
398; feore (dot) c. of I. 1091. 

feorde, ASaa. feorda, fourth, La^. 3311; feorpe Orm. 
43 16 ; half feorpe ;^4r three years and a half, 8691 ; veorde 
a. r. 228; ferpe Gow. conf. am. 8, 113; vie. P. P. 13662; 
Chauc. C. t. 5946; Percev. 1118; furpe Bek. 587; ^ii*. 
52; chroH. Engl i29 ; firde«. s. TTV. 59; fburpe MtnJ.234. 

ferpiDg, Oleel. &or3uQgr, farthing, Chauc. C. t. 134) 
„qttadrans", prompt, para. 158. 

feower, ASax. feover, OBoa;. fiuwar, OFris. fiuwer, 1 
flower, OHGerm. fior, Olcel, &orir, Goth, fidvor, four; \ j 
feouwer, fower, feour, four Lot^ 25; 194; 2092; 25395; I 
fowre Orm, 607; vour (fonwer) a. r. 160; 172; alle foure 
BeJe. 2295; faur «t«f. horn. 4; allefaure ifor. a. p. 2,958. '' 
{eo/wemtikei fotu^comered, La^. 21999. 
feowertene fourteen, Laj. 25675; TOHrtBie Bob. Olouc 
279, 3. 

fourtspe fourteenth, Rob. Glouc. $00, 13. 
feowerti /orty, iaj. 31932; fowertis Orm. 15594; fourti 
Wr. treat. 139. 

fer, j4iSaa;. feorr, fyrr, 08ax. ferr (fer), OFris. fer, fir, 
OHGerm. ferrer ad;'., ferro adv., Olcel. fiarr odj., 3arri 
adv., Goth, fairra adv., far, ,;procul'', prompt, parv. 156; 
lu>. 1815; Mor. a. p. I, 334; pr. conse. 3895; ». a. e. //, 
3; a fer Gow. conf. am. 1, 314; ferr met. horn. 101 ; feor 
Onn. 8473; c. of I. 1304; ^iw. 3851; feor, veof a. r. 
76&104; feor, tor owl and night. 710&1424; he ffirde t6 
feor La3. 1720; pe nes noht feor (for) from heom 543; 
fnr Wr. treat. 133; Fur/i. p. I, 50; hi stode a for XVIII, 
43; of ferre loade Boh. Gloue. 331, 19; fro ferre Gow. 
conf. am. 3,95; on ferrum ((/at. *) met.hom.XXI; ferroBa 


Mand. 271; he saw pe toun o ferrum bren Min. 29; fer- 
rer, OSGtrm. ferror, (compar.) Iw. 1613; pr. ctnuc. 2329; 
cr. P. P. 411; Rob. Br. 44,25; ferre, ^Soir.fyrre, OFria. 
ferra, (7AaMa C. t. 48; Jlfor. o. p. 2, 97; firre 2, 766; 
{\aTeFum.p. XXXV, 132; ferre8tefVwp«-Zo(.J^a(A. 1565; 
farreat Chauc. C. t 496; it strecchep ferrest Alia. 4826. 

fer? ASax. ferh, feorh, 08ax. OHOa-m. {er{a,)h, Olcel. 
fior, Wef pft ich wes an yore (/or veore?) fiftene ^^re 
when I wos fijieen years of age, La^. 15700. 

ffir, ASao!. imr, OSax. Olcel. far, MHGerm. vftr, TAre, 
OHGerm. fAra, /eor. Mopes 338; feer ^^wwr", prompt 
pare. 156; ffire nierror", H^tci. t^foM. 28; feere via. P. P. 
8365 ; Kre f'acej Brand. 8. 
fMul Gow. con/; am. 2, 13; Fum. p. XXX, 93. 
f€r-, fearlicc metua, terror, a. r. 30G; Kath. 39; ne hap he 
WrlBk for (of) u6 fo c. o/ (. 672; fArlsc Marh. 9. 
fSrhc periloua, terrible, sudden, pa. 138, 6*; feorlic X03. 
25553; ferlich a. r. 362; Alia. 5719; pe faerhche daed 
(feorliche deap) X03. 6835; f^rftche frechen Katk. 732; 
f6rli Mor. a. p. I, 1083; laumb. 235; ydrliche terribly, 
mddetdy, a. r. 178; floi. Giowc. 299, 6; faerllke Orm. 
9410; ffirli 3for. «. p. 2, 269. 

fMTch ferly (faHy), wonder, irtj. 5381; feorlich Kath. 
2086; f&rhk ifoZitw. diet 353; ferii via. P.P. H; Percci'. 
B30; pr. consc. 2965; an(. .<4riA. XLI, 11. 

ferd, ^StKcferd, fyrd, OFria. ferd, 0/crf. ferd, OSoar. 
fard dat. ferdi, OHQerm. fait jem. ferti, expedition, army, 
hm, Orm. 14850; £06. Giouc. 19, 7; ferde £03. 1413; 
a. r. 264; frfotj ^w. 5579; vferde -Boi>. Giow«. 216, 4; 
ferde {ace.) owl and night. 1666; verde a. r. 232; ferd(e) 
BarUh. met. t. 275; furde {dat.) Fum. p. XVIII, 10. 
ferdwite „quile de morance de oaV*, rel. ant. 1, 33. 

f4rd, MHQertn. (ge-)yaerde? fear, metua, Rob. Br. 
262, 20; fSrde Mor. a. p. 3, 215; for i^rde Percev. 911; 
pr. conac. 6864; Min. 14; Mar. 176. 
f^rdful „terribUia", prompt, parv. 156; Wicl. gloas. 
fSrdlaik mttua, terror, pr. coiisc. 6427. 
fSrdIi terrible, Hailiu}. nug. poet. 65. 

fire, aSox. (ge-){&r&, feer, companion^ellow, a. r. 114; 
Orm. 8608; harrow. 67; -^mod. iiofts. X7/, 3; (feere) e. 
of I 136; via. P. P. 12004; s. s. R^n 244; ifocci. TY, 23; 
f^ren (plj Kath. 1252; v&reE a. r. 86; compos, iffire. 


f€re 19i 

fSrhed company, MU. SOBQ. 

fSrrffideD company, Lai,. 6020; fSrrSden Kath. 703; feor- 

reden a. r. 106*; fSrrede fum. p. ZF/, 146; BtcA. 2278. 

f4re company? in (i) ffire (feere) TFr. (rea(.136; Ckauc. 
C. t. 4748; s. s. Wr. 263; Mor. o. p. 1, 89; Degrev. 244; 
wi. JrtA. F. 3702; -Jfar. mir. pi. 79; ifocd. /i/, 40; 
i veore (vfire) iaj. 3286 & 6330. 

ffire, ^Saa;. OFria. fere, 0/cd. ferr, fcBrr, OffGerm. 
(ga-)fuorer, sound, strong, Horn 155; Atis. 3510 j h&l and 
f6re Isumb. 601; pr. eonsc. p. 271; hfll and ffire WiU. 
gloss. 224; pat makip pe stke pus f^re Fhr. 2006; he 
was & bold man and & fSre Halliw. diet. 353; f<§re, feore 
(fore) Laz- 7027, 17618 & 30601; compos. anfSre. 

ffire? OFri.. ffire, Olcd. fajri, OHQerm. (ga-)fuori, 
ability, power: after pine ffire Orwt. 1251, 

ffiren (fSrin), A8ax. fieran (terrere), ODutch vaeren 
{metuere), OSaa:. firan (pbservare), OHQerm. f&reu {ohser- 
vare, ittsidiari), fear, „terrere'*, prompt, parv. 156; Wicl. 
gloss. 18; f4re vis. P. P. 4532; pr. consc. 2291; 3far. wm>. 
pi. 98; fieren Orm. 675; fearen a. r. 230*; ffirde {pret.) 
Gate, gloss. 3&1; f^red (part.) Wr. spec. 24; Mic(, horn. 134; 
ffird PcrcCT. 925; fioJ. Br. 191,4; compos. &-, for-, offeren, 

ffiren (faeren), ASax. f£ran (tVe), OFris. f^ra, 0/crf. 
fsera, foera, 08ax. forian, OHGerm. fuoran {ducere, ve- 
kere, ferre), go, proceed, La^. 4401 ; ferde {pr^.) Kath. 6 ; 
Orm. 2661; s. s. Wr. 573; Amad.Robs. XIX, 2; and glad 
was he, if ftni wight wel ffirde Chofuc. Troil. 4640; as ft 
wod mon he ffirde h oj T. 98; TMe L03. 24552; fftrde 
Be!c. 2084; fgrden »m. P. P. 5461; forp pei ferden Alit. 
181; compos, for-, purhfSren. 

feri, Olcel. ferja., MHOerm.vere, ferry, prompLparv. 166. 

ferien (verieii), .idSaa-. ferian, 07ce(. ferja, OHQerm. 
ferran, Qoth. farjan, ferry, transport, convey, iaj. 32098; 
fere Flor. 2086; feriip {prea.) Fum. p. V*, 42; ferede 
{preL) La-T,. 237; feried {part.) Mor. a. p. 1, 945. 

ffiringe, ASax. fsringa, OHGerm. f&ringa, suddenly; 
ffiringes Bob. Br. 185, 10. 

ferkien (ferke), ASax. fercion, ferh {f irk), drive, ride, 
go, Will, gloss. 224; Gauj. gloss. 381; ferkep {pres.) Gow. 
conf. am. 3, 295; pe freke ferkez up Mor. a. p. 2, 897; 
he ferked over pe flor 2, 133; pei ferkid hem forp dep. 
of E. 17, 28. 


L ,-<,::...L.OO^^IC 

196 ferme 

ferme, ASaa;. feorm, meal, repait, {dot.) rd. anl. 1, 
ISl; Teonne (occ.) La-j,. 14426. 

ferme, Fr. ferme, farm, nfirma'*, prompt, pare. 156; 
rentf Chauc. C. t. 363. 

fermin farm, „Jirmare vel ad jirmam accipere", prompt, 
parv. 157, 

fermien (ferme), ASax. fearmian, feormiaii, farm, 
deante, HaUia, diet. 353. 

fermere, A8ax. k&rmers, deader ; comjx». gongfinaar. 

fern, ASax. fearn, OIIGerm. farn, i&na, Jem; feme 
{dot.) Chauc. C. t. 10569; compos, eter-, fenfem. 

fern, ASax. iyra {priaais), OSax. fern, fum (^priscm, 
praeteritut), OHGerm. firaer (tpcftw), Goth, fairnis (naKami), 
paM: pe snow of feme y^ Chaiic. TroU. 7546; i dar nat 
speke & word of feme yeer Hoed. I, 423; diataia: td feme 
halwes CAouc. C. t. 14; fix* feme /ro»a yw, Roh. Br. 193, 
3 {cmp. Qerm, fern Gr. wb. 3, 1632); compos, ifiirn. 
furndaj former or past day: i furudasen (in vonie daje) 
ioj. 27118. 

femjcr former or past yearf ])e kindenesse pat m!n even- 
crietene kidde me femyere (feme y^e?) vis. P. P. 3354; 
hou fele femySrea are faren 7443. 

fir n 6 n , OHGerm. fimen {aeneaeere), Olcel. fyraaz 
(ntemoria dUahC)J fimes [y. r. fursed) a. r. 76* {cmp, too 
Qerm. ent-fernen amovere). 

ferreu, ASax. feorran, feorrane, OSax. ferran, ferraoe, 
OilGerm. ferron> ferrana (e longinquo, procul), far, from a 
distance: pe sonne and mone and mani(e) Bterren hi eaate 
arise]) swipe ferren Shoreh. 137; pA isfijen heo nftwiht 
feorren (vorre) & mucbel fl!lr smokien Za^. 25733; pet 
Stod 6r veorrea o. r. 388 ; is feorrene ikumen 70 j of fer- 
rene (feme) loode La^. 5328 ; of furrene londe Fum. p. 
XIX, 20. 

ferren (ferre), ASax. feorran, OHGerm. firran, OIceL 
firra, remove,^. 51, 7. 

fers fierce, Bdc. 512; Chauc. C. t. 1600; Mor. a. p. 
2, 101 & 217; wip ferse folke Eglam. 42; fierse beestes 
via. P. P. 1022S; fere, ferche, fersche Will, gloss. 224; 
see freach. 

fersli, feersU fiercely, Wid. glo»a.; fersli, ferscheli Will, 
glote.; fuireli avow. Arth. VI, 14. 
feersnes fierceness, Wid. gloss. 


ferten lAt 

fersen, ASaaS. feoreian, remove, Orm. 14198; fafaed 
(iir...) a. r. 76. 

ferwen^/orrow; fins beod peos pigges ivemwed o, r.204. 

ffisien (fesin), A8ax. f<Seiaii, feese (pheeee, feaee, feite), 
drive away, prompt, pare. 158; fese BaUitc. dtot. 354; 
«aed (pan.) Bob. Br. 193, 1 & 274, 14; if^id Fum. p. 
II, 172. 

feat. Lot. festum, /ea«^ met. hom. 39; feste (pi.) a. t: 

fester fester, mppwratio, HaUiw. nug. poet. 65. 

festrin fester, suppurare, prompt, pdrv. 168; festred 
(part:) vis. P. P. 11553. 

fetelen?_^om ASax. fetel (cingidnm, iHilte»m)f fettle, 
prepare; fettelez (prei.) Mor. a. p. 3, 435; fetled (part.) 
Goto, gloss. 381 ; fetild Town. myst. 309. 

fetels (nfetles**), ASax. fsetela, vessel, Orm. 14450; 
met. horn. 126; vetles a. r. 164; Uarg. 207. 

feter (fetir), ASax. fetof, OSAm. feter, Olcel. fiotnrr, 
OHGerm. fezera, fetter, prompt, parv. 159; feterea (pL) 
Bek. 16; 0am. 380; fettres Mor. a. p. 2, 1256. 
fetirlok „tera comped^alis", prompt, pare; & litil fetirlok 
of gold toUls QTid invent. 37. 

f e t eri e n (feterin, feteren), ASax. fet(e)rian, OIceL 
&6tr&, fetter, prompt parv. 152; 0am. 380; fettred (part.) 
Ota. P. P. 11588. 

fetlak? Oerm. feszlach ? /«doc&; feetlakkea (pi.) Bich. 

fetten (fettin), ASax. fettan, fetiati, fsetian, fatian (?) 
(ducere), OFris. fatia (w?.), ODutch vatten, vaten (cdpere), 
MHGerm. va^^en (k^.), fet (fat, f&t), fetch, take, „qfferre'', 
prompt, parv. 163; fette Qow. conf. am. 2, 198; k. of T. 
363; Octop. 549; Mor. a. p. 2, 802; Tette J2o6. GUuc. 
325, 4; his to f^ttep him ia l^cbe ende c. of I. 430; fffitte 
(vette) (prtt.) Laz- 9177; fette vis. P. P. 1011 ; and ladde 
hem hom to his iii(iie) . . . and mete inou^ hem fette 
^k. 888; fatte KaOt. 720; fott(e) Mar. mir. pL 127; fet 
(part.) vis. P. P. 14569; Ckauc. C. t. 821; cmnpos. ifett«n. 

feper, ASax. feder, fider, Olcel. 6.oSr, OHGerm. kima^ 
feather, owl and night. 1686; Chauc. C. t. 2146; fedir 
prompt, parv. 152 ; Wr. voc. 231 ; fiper Mor. a. p. 2, 1026; 
vederen (pi.) a. r. 140. 
feperbed Mor. a. p. 3, 158. 


198 fedrieo 

federhome (fejKrbanie) pltanage, La^. 2874. 

fedrien, ASate. federian (?), /c^er; eompoa. ifedrien. 

v£dren? loadf a. r. 140; see fodrien. 

fl, MHGerm. fi, fy (JU), s. s. Weh. 1599; k. of T. 612. 

fif, A8ax. nf, fife, OSax. fif, fivi, OFrU. flf, OHOerm. 
finf, finfi, 6otk. flmf, Gr. Tcijine, Jive, k. of T. 1017; Mor. 
a. p. 1, 848; vlf a. r. 28; fif monep Orm. 233; purh fife 
erimme wuadee 1443; betere is 6a almease before, paone 
d6d after vlve Fum. p. VIII, 14 ; be vormeste vtve a. r. 22. 
fiftene jWif€e?i, £03. 19900; Rob. Gloue. 70, 20. 
flftepe jWeentA, Degrev. 1869; flftSnde Omt. 9170. 
GMZ fifty, Orm. 8l02j flfli La^. 1285. 

flfte, ^Soic. flfta, fifth, tjwr. P. P. 9311; pr. amac. 
8088; Tifte a. r. 110; vifte balf s^re /our years and a 
half, La^. 32196. 

fig, Lot ficuB,^, TTr. voc. 228; fige JIfaW. 50; figes 
{pi) a. r. 160. 
flgtrB W>. voc. 228; figetrE jjriwipt jjaru. 169. 

fiht, ASax. feoht, Oi^rw. fiueht, OHGerm. (gi-Xebt, 
fight, pugna, C. of I. 973; traneact. 18, 24; viht (X. r. 358; 
fibt, feht, feibt Laz- 172, 407 & 1744; feht Katk. 608; 
fe^t Mor. a, p. 2, 275; compo*. ifibt. 
fihtisc ji^^'n^, owZ an</ night. 1697. 

fihten, A^oa:. feobtan, OFnt. fiucbta, OHGerm. feh- 
ton, /^A(, pMjntwc, Orm. 1842; t.o/r.l078; fihten, febten 
X03. 1359 & 1680; febten JiTofA. 603; feightin prompt parv. 
163; vijte owi flwd night. 172; fe^ta a»(. .4r(A. XXXII, 
8; vihted (j>rcs.) o. r. 288; feabt, fabt (prrt.) La^. 1591; 
4353; fajt Bofc. Glouc. 274, 6; fagbt Oc(a«. 535; faubt 
Boh. Br. 170, 19; faugbt 510^.5677; fawt Tor. 668; fub- 
ten La%. 14037; a. r. 196; fojtun ant. Anh. XXXXIV, 
13; foghten (part.) ifui. 20; foghtin Eglam. 439; com;i08. 

feigbtare, ASaa;. feobtere, OHGerm. fehtari, fighter, 
prompt, parv. 

fikel, ASax. flcol, fickle, deceitful, Ali*. 2661 ; vis. P. P. 
929; transact. 18, 22; Jfor. a. p. 3, 283; fikil a. s. Wr. 
985; fikele (pi.) a. r. 268. 
fikellicbe fickly? fikeli pai dide „dolo»e agebant", ps. 6, 11. 

fikelare, idkelare _^at(erer, a. r. 84 & 86. 

fikelien {Eke\e),Germ.Ske\a{&cke\ii),fiaUer,Roh. Glouc. 
31, 18; ^keh3(prea.)a. r. 84&198; fikelinde{part.;26e* 


fikeluDge 199 

fi ke lu Q g e /oHery, a, r. 82. 

fikien, ASax. (he-^^cmn, Germ.Gcksn,jick, fidge: fikm 
aboute prompt, parv. 162; a wai fike Rich. 4749; fike 
(V. w. swike) fitOter, Wr. spec. 46; nulle we nout mit te 
fike fr. w. like) trijUf Hick. thes. 1, 225 ; pu fikest flat- 
terest, Mark. 13; vikiinde (part.) flattering, a. r. 256. 

file (file?), ODutch fiel (homo vilig, turpis, foedus), JUe, 
worthless man, Rob. Br. 95, 17; Miit. 31; rd. ant. 1, 194; 
fab file HaUiw. diet. 356. 

file, ASax. feol, OCirfcA vijle, OllOerm. fila, fihala, 
_^ „lima", prompt, pwo. 160; vile (file) a r. 184. 
vlleTeatc? a. r. 244. 

filen (filin), OffGerm. (ilon, jWc, „limare", prompt. paro. 
160; file C%ouc. a./. 212; TUed (pr«.) a. r. 184; filed 
(part.) „grou,nd"f Gaw. gloss.; iviled a. r. 284. 

fille, ASax. fiUe (serpylXum) Wr.voc. 79, wiW (iyme? 
»V. spec 44; worp k fiUe flo6. GiOTtc. 297, 11 ; Bek. 946. 

film, .ASax. film, ^^^ „foUicuha', prompt, pare. 160. 

filtren, Dom. filtre, It(d. feltrare, Fr. feutrer, /rf(er, 
entangle; filter (pres.) Mor. a. p. 2, 696; filtered {part.) 
HoJliw. diet. 866. 

fin, MHGenn. fin, vin, Olcel. finn, /foi. <Spdn. ttno, 
Jme, Alis. 2657; cAiwi. .&ijfZ. 628; Octw. 1754; fineate 
(flMpcri.) via. P. P. 897. 
flnbche /ineiy, WiU. gloss.; c. of I. 1132. 

finch (finche ?), jlSoiE. fine, OHGerm.S^aco, finch, prompt, 
parv. 161; CA»«c. C (. 654. 

finden, .4Sar. OSase. OHGerm. findan, OFrit. finda, 
Goth, finpa, 0/crf. finna, /W, Omt. 383 ; H^r. a». lit. 3 ; 
finde 5efc 800; fint (pm.) wm. P. P. 2344; pat finden 
pe pi fode P. P. p. 514; fand (pre*.) Trist. I, 62; 7w. 
1705; iaum&. 374; fand, fond duiuc. C. t 665 & 2392; 
fond I'M. P. P. 9926; 3faW. 220; icb him fond li^e 
Brand. 27; vond a. r. 258; funden Orm. 3398; fonde 
Brand. 6; funde («it/.) fWm. p. F7/I, 34; funden (part.) 
Iw. 1734;pr. conse. 4608; avoK. Arth. LVI, 12j foundeu 
Ckaue. Troil. 5603; fonden Pcrc«>. 1902; fun Min. 38; 
Mar. 9i; compos. a-,ifinden; cfertv. fandien, fimdien. 

findels („findle9, fandles"), Dan. findelse, inoattion, 
a. r. 6 & 8. 

findare finder, prompt, parv. 

findij, A8ax. (jndig, firm, Orm. 13327. 


MO finding 

finding, OHGerm, (aT-)findauga, finding, invmtitm, 
Wid. glou. 

finger, ASaa:. OFrit. finger, OSax. OHGerm. fingar, 
JceJ. fingr, (?otA. figgrs,/n^er, c. of I. 1104; fingir prompt. 
parv. 161; fingres (^.) Bek. 1194; vingres a. r. 290; 
fingren {dat. pl^ La'^. 49. 

finger ling. Germ, fingerling, finga^^laU, prompt, 
paro. 161. , t 

finne, ASaa. &nn, ODutch •vinn.e, LcU. pinna, ;£», prompt, 
parv. 161; Wr. tw. 221 ; (oec.) Jl/or. o. p. 2, 531; finnes 
(pi.) Mark. 9 J Tinnes -4it». 6691. 

fir, ASax. furh (?), OHGerm. for(a)ha, Olcd. fura, 
fym, fir, f.abies", prompt parv. 161; CA«uc, C t. 2923; 
firre Wr. voc. 228; firres (^.) W{d.fflos». 
Tertrs Wr. we. 181. 

firs (nfirse"), ASaai. fyrs (rAajMwiw) Wr. voc. 80, fyres 
(nMCua) 28S, fyrsas (ruboa) Grein't gloat. 1, 364, furae, 
Wid. glou. 18; qilrria rusous", prompt, parv. 162; fines 
(pi) via. P. P. 3176. 

first, ASax. OHGerm. first, nlaquear", Wr. voc. 93. 

fls, Dan. fiiB, /btirt, PTr. voc. 209; see fist 

fiBoh, ASax. OSax. OHGerm. fisc, O/ceJ. fiekr, Goth. 
fisks, LoL pisciSijStA, Brand. 8; fisch . . . whon pe worm 
he swolewep c. ^ i. 1129; fisc (fis) iaj. 1235; yiss Bob. 
Oloitc. 265, 9; fisclies (pi.) iaj. 2009; SWei. 146; vis. 
F. p. 10747; fiakes Orm. 13297; fissea ZTicA. ties. 1,223; 
fisclie Mand. 103; W. Cov. 22. 
fiscbrowe njarMw*", W?-, voc. 241. 

fischin, uliSaiE.fiBGian,^A, prom^'^./Hirii. 163; fischede 
(prtt) Pum. p. XX, 3. 

fistiere, ASax. fiscere, fisher, Horn 1134; fischare 
prompLparv. 162; figcaere La^. 9083; fischeris (j>2.) TFilcI. 

f ifiken fiak, Jriale: fiskin aboute nvagan", prompt. parv. 
162; fiskep (pres.) P. P. p. 528; fiskts <?at(;. «^om; 

ft8t(fii8t),Oi)»tcATiJ8t,^«*(,^e«(,/o«t),j»w»pt^rtf. 163. 

fiisten, (?«m). flsten, i)titoA Tjjsten, /y«t (foist), prompt. 
p<a-v. 163. 

fit, omp, ODutoh ritten (conwenw-e, accomodare), fit, ap- 
tua, prompt parv. 163. 

fit (fitt), ASax. fitt, ^ tmp«tU5, CAau«. C. t 4228; 
Eglam. 264; carman, 6au). ^fcus. 381; Eglam. 344. 


fitte matchf nis non his fitte owl and night 782. 

fipele, MLat. fidtila, from Lot fidie, JiddU, Brand. 9; 
via. P. P. 5974; fil»l Mor. a. p. 2, 1082; fipul Chtma. 
C. t. 298; fidil, fiyele prontpt. paro. 159; fifieleti (tjot pi.) 
Laz- 8642. 

fidelin ^^^c^e, prompt, pare. 169. 

fipelere /tWIw, dm. P. P. 5791. 

fixeue, O^Genn. ftichfiin, vi^k'tl female fox, Ballitt. 
diet. 359. 

fl& (flaa), ASasc. d&, on-ou, a. r. 60*; fl&, flo Laj. 
311 & 1456; 06 CAawc. C. (. 17213; «. a. c. X, 20; fl&n 
(j)2.) La^. 1644; floon Gam. 642; m0 Mn. 

fl»3h, ^-S<KB. fliesc O&wr. fl^ OFrit. flfisk, flfck, 
OHGerm. fleisc, j?csA, Oitn. 3532; flffisc (fleas) Lot,. 
25986; fi€sch/swm&. 311; fl6i&ch Wid. John \; fless A>&. 
Qlouc. 243, 21; flesches lust a. r. 274. 
flSscIihewere ^ntfaAer, Oelov. 750. 

fl^chlich fleshly, carnal, Mor. a. p. 2, 265; flseshllke niaa 
Orm. 17276; fleschllcbe c. of I. 1388. 

fl^Hchi ^esAy, pi-ompt. parv. 166. 

flagge, ^Soa;. flacge {eatapla»ma)f ODutiA vlagge 
(BATtZftim navaU),flag, nCespts", prompt, parv. 163. 

flase? Z>a«. flage, Steed, flaga (pfoOa, jewe, achoUe, 
fioeke) Griinh. wb., MoUer'a wh., OiJirtcA vlaege {procdUi)f 
KiL dicL, MHQerm. vUge (u^.)* £«». vA., flag, flaw; Bai 
of snowe IPr. jjoc. 160; flawes of fire KalUio. diet 361. 

flake, Olcel. flaki f/odeJ JPritener'a wrfJ., Swed. flake 
{platte) Msller'a tab., flake, prompt, parv. 163; ffV. twi 
160*; /W. Oto. 140; flakOB (pi.) Ckaac h. of_f. 1192; Mor. 
a. p. 2, 954. 

flakeren fiacker, flitUer; flakered flatters, a. r. 222; 
flakerande fluttering, Mor. a. p. 2, 1410; see flikeren. 

flakkeii(flacke), Germ, flacken, OIceL QaicB (exttmso cor- 
porejacere), flack, fla^ Govs, 3, 3 1 5 ; flak 3.a.c. IV, 6. 

fl&n, ASax. fleaa, ODuich vlaen, vlaegen, Olcd. flft, 
jlay, decorticare; fl&Q (flean) La^. 6418; fld -ffom 92; 
RV. J), a. 191; fieen prompt parv. 166; Ma Mi». 1734; 
fla3(e>t (p«w.) 5AorcA. 97; fl«p c. o/ i. 1308; fl6gbfp«(.j 
Iv>. 1699; flouh Bofc. Br. M. 3, 398; vlosen I«3. 20967; 
flawin, flaia f^rt.J prompt, parv. 163; flain re^ ant. 1, 
152; pr. conse. 9520; 119; iflawe j4Zm. 894; 
iTlasene (pL) La^. 27377. 

202 flSar 

fH a.r Jlayer, prompt, parv. 165. 

fifin, ASax. flin, Olcel. fleilUj arrow, a. r. 60*; flon 
iaj. 311*; Alia. 786; flonez (pi.) Gate, gloss. 

flaake fiake, spark f flaunkes of fir Mor. a. p. 2, 954. 

flap? flappe, Dutch flap, flap, prompt, parv. 163; flap- 
pes of scourges vis. P. P. 8166. 

flappin, Dutch flappen, ^j7, prompt, parv. 164; flap- 
ped (pret.) a. s. Web. 766; flappeden Wtd. gloss. 

flascbe, OFr. flache, fiasque (stagnwm), cmp. LGerm. 
flfake, iljtteche (frogmen), flash, pool, prompt, parv. 164; 
fla8k(e) ps. 142, 7. 

tl&s'k.ea flash: heo flasked water peron a. r. 314. 

flat, Olcet. &atr, fiat, planus, prompt. parv. \6i; Iw.259. 

flat „ground, fleld", Gaie. gloss. 

flat. Germ, flatz? Stalder's idiot., Hoto, HaUiw. diet. 
360; Rich. 5265. 

f lateren /atfer; flatred (f printed {sHrei), flattered 
(pres.) a. r. 222*. 

fiatling/arfy, HaUiw. diet. 360. 

flatten /osA, dash: fette water . . . and flatte (pret.) 
it on hia face via. P. P. 8375. 

flape? ODutch vlaede, vlaeye, OHGerm. flado ace. fla- 
don, OFr. 6&Qn, flawn, sort of cake; flapen (pi.) Wr.voc. 
127; flaan wompt. parv. 164; Wr. voc. 241. 

flax, A8ax. fleax, OFris. flax, OHGerm. flahs, /oar, 
i»w»p(. paru. 164;. M^r. hoc 156; flex vis. P. P. 3819; 
Chaac. V. t. 678. 
flaxboUe Wr. voc. 126. 

fl« (flee), ^Soar. flea, 0/ccZ. flfi, OHGerm. floh, /», 
„pulex", prompt, parv. 165; SwJfe. (Acs. 1, 231; flie fpJ.J 
.fwrM. J). I, 5. 
flfiwort HaUiw. dicL 362. 

fleam, .i^jSou;. fleam, 0/fG^ei-»«. floum? /romfleon,/^A<, 
_^a; fleam, flfim Z^j. 1577 A 8857; flem („fl6me") Alia. 
4341; tome ... in fleme ps. 88, 24. 

fl&den, ODutck yloeden, MHGerm. vluoten? flood? 
Marh. 9. 

fleet, ASax. fleot, ODuteh vliet, MHGerm. vhe^ fleet, 
water-course, channel, prompt, parv. 166. 

flegge aedge, prompt, parv. 165; (flege) Wr. voc 226, 

flfije? Olcel. fley? iotrt; fl^yen fp?.; Octov. 1671. 

fUsen, .4S«Kc. flggan, fljgan, OIceL flejja, OHGerm. 


flejl 208 

flaugian, fie^ (/o«), mokt flee, frighten; fifty pr. conac. 
2241; fi&de (pret.) a wei pat fe»lac £a(A. 1602; fl&yed 
Jtfbr. a. p. 2, 960; met. horn. 69; fliyed {part.) Mar. nar. 
pi. 132; compos. afiSien. 

flejl, Oi)K(cA Tlegel, OSGem. flegil, ^atZ, 0mm. 1600; 
fieil prompt, parv. 165; flailea (pi) via. P. P. 416G. 

fleke (flek?). Olcel. fleki, flaki? ODutck vlaek? /coifc 
(flaiJc), hvrdle, ^cratea", Wr.voc. 234; fieike prompt, parv. 
165; flekea (i)i.) Ro6. £r. 321, 8. 

flSken? Olcel. iieekja, flcekja {intricare)? pei fleked 
p&m over thuert Rob. Br. 241, 3. 

flekked, OHGerm. flechoter, flecked, spotted, Chaue. 
a t. 9722; wip fleckede feperes m*. P. P. 7234. 

flSme, A8ax. A&ma, fugitwe, Bek. 1850; flcemen (fleo- 
mes) {pi.) ias- 5962. 

flSmeu, ASax. flyman, d^an, Olcel, Asema, from 
fieam, make fl^e, drive ateay, bantJi, La"^. 6675; fiSme 
Rob.-Ol<»ic. 662, 23: Roh.Br. 82, 17; d£mep {prea.)Mia. 
3348; flfimde (flemde?) {pret.) Orm. 8243; heo hine fl^m- 
den out of pane londe Laj. 323; demed {part^ Ckauc. 
C. t. 11986; pr. conac. 2977; flSmid Toum. myat. 320; 
Degrev. 899; compoa. a-, iHSmen. 

flSmere baniaker, Ckauc. C. t. 4880. 

fifin? 0/cei. fioeja, fl^ja? flee; flees (j»»"e».) mrt. Aom. 
114; ddde (j>ret.) 73; fleede Halliw. diet. 361; AM (par(.) 
met. horn. 71. 

flender? flendris {pi.) flinders, splinters, Oaw. gloaa. 

fleoden? ODtOck vlieden? flee; fledd{e) {pret.) 'Triam. 
317; fledden via. P. P. 1348; Chaws. C. t. 2932; fiedd(e> 
(part.) Degrev. S19. 

fleo3e, ^Saa;. fleoge, flj^ge, OHGerm. fliuga, /y; flfiye 
HV. J), s. 238; flei Hick. thea. 1, 231; vli^e o. r. 8; file 
Afa?Ki 61; Chauc. C. t. 4360; fleojen, fl^jen (pZ.) ias- 
3900 & 3904; Tlien (flesen) a. r. 290; flien Rick. 2918. 

fleo3eii, ASax.6eog&a, OE Germ. &\og&n, 0/ceI. fliuga, 
/y; flfijheu Orm. 5991; fieghejw. comae. 7947; fleonias. 
2870; Jl^M. 544; vleon a. r. 130; fifien ifantf. 48; flee 
vis. P. P. 7912; Eglam. 194; fliin prowpt. paro. 167; file 
Mapes 355; Jsumt. 375; flijat (^pres.) owl and night. 227 ; 
flihd a.*-. 132; flfishep Orm. 5889; M]l{pret.) La^. 27788; 
9^3 Brand. 9; flfigh Lawn/. 473; flah Orm. 6885; fleigh 
Jfond. 27; flfii Eglam. 311; nwt. Aom. 101; flajen, fluwen 


204 fleon 

Lai,. 81S 4; 3891; flowen fit'cA. 4366; Mor. a. p. 1, 89; 
flawe {mhj.) a. r. 13S; flowen (jwrt.) Chauc. h. o/ f. 905; 
flowe Oov). conf. am. 2, 262. 

fleon, ^Saa;. fleon, OHGerm. fliohan, Of m. flia, [Goth. 
pUuhan], /ee, flom 887; fleo Bek. 1072; fleon, fl^n Orm. 
4144 A 9803; fleen prompt, parv. 166; rw. P. P. 12000; 
flee Perc«>. 876; fl^p (j»-«).^ Beit. 1489; fleopO»m9812; 
fieep via. P. P. 12004; flih {imperal) a. r. 162; flfiaad 
{paH.) Tor. 1448; fleah (pref.) Kath. 16; flfih ia^. 552; 
flseh Orm. 823; flfiih a. r. 374; fl%h Jtfojwi. 24; via. P. 
P. 1303; fleis Wid. John B; fl^w Sffinm. 786; fl6u Bo6. 
0(01(0.17,23; flujhen Orm.89Si flnwen a. r. 154; flo3en, 
flowen Z.O3.580&817; flowen 3fanrf. 226; vie. P. P. 1349; 
9. t. Wr. 822; iflowen (part.) Mia. 1907; iTlowen a. r. 
168; compos, a-, at-, bifleon; (£mv. fleam, fluht. 

fleos, ASao!, fleoa, fljs, ODutch Tlies, jUece; flees 
nveilus", prompt, parv. 166; Hartah. met t. 42; apoZ. 104; 
flfis P. P. i^. 529; fleose {dot.) a. r. 66. 

fleote, ASacc. fleot frofw, naww^? Orein'aglota., Olcd. 
fliot (noget Jlydende)f Fi^tzner's ordb., fieet, daaaia, (pl.f) 
X03. 2155; mte prompt, parv. 166; (dot.) Gow. conf. am. 
1, 197; {ace.) Rich. 1653; fio&. Br. 89, 19. 

fleoten, ^j8a«. fleotan, OSaas. fliotan, Olcd. fliota, 
OHGerm. fliozan, fleet, ftuere, nalare, Horn 159; vleoten 
2:^03.22009; Mte Mand. 100; dm. P. P. 14015; fleete Lw%. 
m. p. 98; fleeted {prea.) Kath. 9; a. r. 76; flStep Orm 
18093; fl^tez Jfor. a. p. 2, 1035; flet j-ei. OTrt. 1, 220; 
vleotinde (part.) a. r. 46 ; fl^taude I. c. c. 54 ; fluting Chauc. 
a t. 1953; flet (pret.) La^ 28960; Trirt. J, 34; flaet 
Orm. 3466; flot {for flotte?) Jlfor. o. p. 1, 46; flnten 
X03. 32033; flotia met. hojtt. XVIII; flote Brand. 21 
compoa. OTer-, tofleoten. 

fUrd, 0/crf. flferd (t^oitw), deceit, rel. arU. 1, 219 
flserd Orm. 12177. 

flerien (flerye), Cerm. flerren? ileer, grin, Flor. 1769 
fleryande {part}) HaUia. diet. 362. 

flet, A^ax. flett (flet), OFria. Olcel. flet, OSam. fletti, 
MHGerm, vletze, from fiat, /oor, AoK, R'tZi. gloaa.; Gam. 
gloaa.; Wr. an. lit. 9; Wr. p. a. 337; Launf. 979; flette 
(rfai.) Mia. 1807 & 2884; he com to pan vlette per pe 
feond lai La^- 26023. 


fldtia 206 

flStia, ODvich vlieten, Dan. Aoie, fieet, skim, prompt, 
parv. 166. 

flfiw, Crerwi. flau? ilev> {fine), shallow, prcmtpL parv. 167. 

flicche, ASax. flicce, flitch, vi». F. P. 6517; flikke 
prompt, parv. 167. 

fligge, ODutch Tlugge, OllOerm. flukke, /«^« (j%)t 
able to fly, prompt, parv. 167; flegge Hartsh. met. t. 124. 

fliker wnsteadyl man of fliker poht m«t. hom. 36. 

flikeren, A&ax. flyceriau, /tcA^er; flekeria „volitart'*, 
prompt, parv. 165; pet flikered (^re«.) SO mit pe a. r. 
290; flikered {pret.) Ghauc. TroA. 5890; pU bischop fle- 
kerid iit his poht met. horn. 92 ; see flakereu. 

flinder? ODutch vlinder? see &enAer. 
flindermous hat, Halliw. dicL 363. 

flingen (flinge) fling, li beavs disc. 338; Tor. 2027; 
Alisaundres folk forp gon flinge Alia, 1111; flinging {part.) 
Tor. 378; porugh pe beorte pe launce flang {pret) Mis. 
2749; flong Ckauc. C. t. Tyr. 17265. 

flinkeu? Daiu flinke? ^oac\pret.) flung, moept, Mor. 
a. p. I, 1164. 

flint, A%ax. flint, ODwteA vlinte, /iMi, ^sHex", prompt, 
parv. 167; Trist. II, 30; via. P. P. 9041; ylint a. r. 220; 
flintee {pl^ pr. consc. 7018. 
flintfiton Mojid. 150. 

fliren (Hire), Qerm. flirren? flire, fleer, HalUw. did. 
363; see flerien. 

flit, A^ax. Oiiax. flit, OHGerm. fliz, cotdeiUion, delate, 
Laz- 24966; Kath. 688; Jw. 93; ps. 106, 40*; Mor. a. p. 
2, 421; flit & win rd. ant. 1, 130. 

fliteu, ASax. flltan, OHGemt. flizau, /t'te, COTUeiui, 
debate, miarrel, Kath. 731; flitin prompt, parv. 167; flite 
IViia. J&WS.224; a>m 855; Iw. 1027; TWam. 1227; Jlfor. 
a.j). 1,353; Hot {pret.) Mapes 3 ii; Amad. R(^. XXXVI, 6. 

flitere, ASaic. flitere, quarreler; fliteris {pi-) prompt, 
parv. 106; flitars Mar. mir. pi. 179. 

flit ere n flitter: it flitterid al a brode HaUiw. diet. 364. 

fl6d, ASax. OSax. flod, OFrU. flod (floed), Goth, flo- 
dus, Olcd. Add, OHGerm. fluot, ^om flowen, _^o<m^ (nom. 
ace.) Orm. 6793; owl and night. 944; Wr. Spec. 70; ^w, 
6185; (flood) Wid. gloss.; sefter panflode £03.19; flUde 
(dai.) Jtfin. 1 1 ; flodes {pi.) pr. consc. 4706. 
flddjet floodgate, a. r. 72. 


206 fl6dien 

flddien? MHGei-m. vluoteuF fioodf and fl6deden so 
faren in felde Alis. 2441. 

flok, Ariose, flocc, Olcd. flokkr, fiocSc, troop, „greQc", 
prompt, parv. 167; Chauc. C. t. 826; ft. flok of briddia 
Alis. 566; floc LaT,. 4192; (flocc) Orm. 511; fioc, rloc a. 
r. 154; flokke {dat.) Lot,. 18005. 
flokmele in, by fiocka, Chaw. C. t. 7962; Wid. gloss. 

flok (fl6ke), ASax, floe (platissa) Wr. voe. 65 & 281, 
Olcel. floki (soiea, passer) Egilss. lex., fiook, „pkoca'', Wr. 
vac. 264. 

flokke, ODwdr/t vlocke, OZ/Germ. fioccho, 2^(.floccu8? 
fiodc; ilokkes {pi.) lud. Cov. 241; flokkis •prompt, parv. 
167; flockes ou>l and night. 427. 

flok kin jlock, gregare, prompt, parv. 167; J)ei flocken 
(p««.) o7i(. ^rtA. XXVI, 6; flockede (prrt.) 1*13. 4729*; 
flokked Mor. a. p. 2, 386. 

fl6r, .dSoir. Olcel. flor, ODirfcA vloer, JUHGerm. vlnor, 
/ow, (mom. ace.) B<»6. GZowc. 288, 2; jtfajws 349; ifw. a. 
», 2, 133; i pene flor La^. 22809; i pe flor Orm. 15566; 
fiore (dat.) Wr. an. lit. 5; launA, 653. 

floBche pool, Oaw. gloss.; {ace.) „lacum", ps. 87, 5; 
see flasche. 

flot, A&ax. Olcd. flot, ODittdi^Xot, fioat, fat, Mor. a. 
p. 2, 1011; nou er(e) alle on flote {a fioatf) Bob. Br. 
169, 13. 
flotgres /oolorow, ^vlva", prompt, parv. 168. 

flote, ASax. flota, Olcd. floti, ship, fieet, £03. 2155* 
&. 4530*. 

flotien, flotten, A^ax. flotiao, ODtricA vloten, Tlotten, 
Olcd. flota, OHGerm. flozzau, Jloat : a manges ous to flotie 
{versarif) Shoreh. 21; flotten (pres.) Chauc. Boet. 3; flotte 
{pret) Mor. a. p. 3, 248. 

floteren (fioter). Germ, flotern, flutern, /mHct, dep. 
of E. 13, 27; floterep (imper.) ^fiuctuate", Wid. gloss.; 
floterand ( pan.) Halliw. diet. 364 ; flotterede ( pret.) Horn 1 29. 

floteri? floteri berd Chane. C. t. 8885. 

flotise nSpuma", prompt, parv. 168. 

flour, OFr. flour, ^per, c. of I. 919j Ghavc. C. t. 4; 
flares (pi.) a. r. 340. 

flouseu? iGfrm. flflsen? cntp. Aooae {„fllf/ings of wool 
or cotton") Bamford's dialect of South Lancash. 178, jlgi 
felt flosed (flosed?) him umbe Mor. a. p. 2, 1689. 


floute, OFr. flaute, fiute (Jlout), prompt, parv. 168. 

floutin play on the fiute, prompt, parv. 168; floute 
Chauc. C. L 91. 

Flowen, AHax. flfivaii, cmp. Oleel. floa pret. floda and 
Dutch vloeijen pret. vloeide, fiow, fiuere, Orm. 4783 j C/iauc. 
C. t. 4607; vlowen a. r. 64; flowin prompt, paro. 108; 
flowe Ivd. Cov. 56; flowep (.pre»^ owl and night. 944; vleau 
(prrf.) a. r. 112 [fleowedeD, /or floweden? llOl 

fluht (vluht), ASaa:. flyht, ODutck vlacht, ftight, vola- 
tus, a. r. 132; flijt rei. anf. 1, 210; flight AlU. 348. 

fluht, ^Soar. flyht, OHGerm. fluht, Oi>u(cA Tlucht, 
flight, fuga, a. r. 48; fliht Orm. 19683; flight Ckauc. 
a t. 990. 

fluschen (fluschen?), LGerm. flUscheu? _^wsA; flushe 
for anger dep. of R 13, 27. 

flussen? _^y? pat hit open flu3t« {for fluschte?) (pret) 
Horn 1080; £ boterfleje to3ain me fluste Hartsk. met. t. 
100; see flousen. 

flutte, Dan. flytte (-dag i&c.), remwcJ,; flitter^/, ant. 
1, 235; flett* 1, 160. 

flutten, Olcd. flytja, OFria. fletta, /^, remove, shift: 
mete & clod pat heo mei vlutten bi (go on with) a. r. 
428; from foot to foot to flitte (flutte) Fum. p. XXV, 
175; flitten Orm. 2082; flittin prompt, pare. 167; flitte 
pr. consc. 3762; fele times have ich fonded to flitte it fro 
poujt Hartah. met. t. 287; he xal ii6vir flitte out of pis 
« grave lud. Cov. 341 ; ping pat mai chciuDge and flitte 
Chaue. C. t. Tyr. p. 164; flittinge (pari.) vis. P. P. 6699; 
and to scipe flutte (pret) Lai,. 30503; noo b4 pei I>6p in 
sinder flit {part) tramacL 18, 23; ivlut La'7,. 27934; 
compos, forflutten. 
fluttuQge subsistence? {ace) Mark. 22. 

f n a s t, ASax. fnaest, cmp. Olcel. fnasa [fremere), OHGerm. 
fuehan {anhelare) and Gr. itvslv, breath, owl and night. 44. 

fnasten, -^Saa;. fnaestian (?), 0//Germ. fnaston, breathe, 
pant, Havel. 548; fnasted Gaw. gloss. 

fflde, ASax. foda, food, „<dimentum*', prompt, parv. 
168; Orm. 828; Isumb. 134; vode a. r. 142; Fum. p. I, 
57; fade P^cev. 1326; child, man, woman: mi child, mi 
dune fdde Horn 1350; to wedde pis (pat) freli fode Eglam. 
1254; Amad. Robs. LIV, 6; fodis (pi.) dep. of Bieh. 


208 iUee 

foder (fodir), ASax. fodor, foddor, ODiUch roeder, 
Oled. fodr, OHGerm. fuotar, fodder, npainUKm", Wr. voc. 
264; king Fhelip saide to pe mddur, j>ou hast bora & sSri 
ffider (childf) Alis.&i&i ioddur {tooSii) prompt. parv.lGS ; 
fodder iaj. 27031; foddre (dal.) a. r. 416. 

iodiea.^ feed; foded {pra) Will, gloss.; see feden. 

f&drien, ODutch Toedereu, OHGerm. fuoteren, fodder, 
feed; foper {f printed froper) pou sal „enutrieM", ps. 30,, 
4; foddi^d {part) WicL gloss. 

fogge, Dan. tug? fog, rank grass, Mor. a. p. 2, 1683. 

foj, ASax. fog, MHQerm. vaoc, fitness: mid ^Tja and 
mid ri^te owl and night. 164. 

foilen, ASax. foolan? foCl: in vein pu foilest J^ fl£sch 
wip abstinens apoL 44; see felen. 

f o i n e n foin : pel foine wip daggers & wip swerdea Lidg. 
sL of Tk. 43S2; foineden {pret.) Chauc. C. t. 1656; foi- 
nede Degrev. 274; funede Halliw. diet. 386. 

fol, OFr. io\, foolish, La^. 1442*; a. r. 164; {suhst.) 
fool, Mor. a. p. 2, 750. 

folc, ASax. OSax. folc, OFris. Olcel. folk, OHGerm. 
ioXe, folch, folk^peo^, Orm. 141; rTiirf. <7bAn 11; l>at 
folc of Kent Hot. Glome. 26J, 14; Tolc a. r. 15G; folk 
Chauc. C. t 746; Lidg. m. p. 12; swa mikel folk com 
u^ver to gider pr. consc. 6013; to\ke{dat.) cr. P. P. 175; 
{gen. pi.) Orm. 12149. 

folde, ASax. folde, OSoic. folda, O/cei. fold, earth, 
ground, Flor. 342; m. JrtA. K 3549; a?ww. Arth. I, 2; ' 
on folde Wr. spec. 24; i/w. a. ^. 2, 403; beo fullen td 
folde ioj. 5390. 

fole, ASax. fola, OHGerm. folo, Go(A. fula, ^oai, «pid- 
ius", WV. »oc. 90; Horn 587; wis. P. P. 7263; MaW. 
250; PercfiP, 717; ant. Arth. XLII, 9. 

folhaum, Germ, folgsam, compliant, Orm. 7760. 

foljea (folshen), ASax. folgian, fylgean, OFris, folgia, 
fulgia, Olcel. fylgja, OSax. folgon, OHGei-m. folgen, /oi- 
low, Orm. 944; folhen Katk. 2340; folien, fuliea (folgen) 
La^. 1002 & 4140; fblwin prompt, pare. 169; lud. Cov. 
268; folwe Gow. conf am. 1, 50; Chauc. C. t. 6706; VO- 
lewen, voluwen a. r. 38 & 102; filghe ps. 17, 36; filowe 
reb. Line. 13j felowe Bob.Br. 291, 10; foljedCpres.) Fwrn. 
^. VIII, 7; voljep Shorek. 40; foljez J&br. a. p. 2, 6; 


folwere 209 

folewes Degrev. 1561; fulied owl a-nd night. 1237; foli^en 
rel. ant. 1, 129; filiand (part.) -pa. 7, 2*; folwede (pret.) 
vis. P. P. 6622; Ckauc. C. t. 530; folewede harrow. 22; 
fulede Laz- 95. 

folwere follower, vis. P. P. 3587; tolw&te prompt. parv. 

fon, ASax. fon, Olcel. {&, OSax. Goth. OHGerm. fahan, 
take, seize, L03. 5437; (Mn. 3733; Wr. spec. 41; f6p 
(pres.) Orm. 5390; on me heo fop c. of I. 895; ion (part) 
Mark. 3; compos, a-, bi-, i-, on-, underfon. 

fonne, Swed.'i fool, Chauc. C. t. Tyr. 4087. 

fonnen {fonne) be foolish, dote, Ckauc. c. I. 458; ifon 
Town. myst. 229; pou fonnist lud. Cov. 36; fonned (part) 
fond, Wicl. gloss.; Ckauc. r. r. 5370. 

font, OFr. font, font, Mark. 1; fount Shorek. 13; funt 
Orm. 17208. 

foppe (fop?) fop, fool, prompt.parv. 170; lud. Cov. 295. 

for (vor), ASax. for, OSax. for, far, OFris. for, fore, 
for, OHGerm. fur, fure, furi, Olcel. for, fur, fyr, fyri, 
Goii. faur, Lai. pro? G*-. Tzpo? for: herto oiiawerede &n 
for h&m alleii'afA. 1134; halden pe vor kiuge (king?) ia^, 
29065; his care waa al for hire Bek. 131; pet heo ne 
gruchie nSver more vor none mete ne vor nflne drunche 
a. r. 108; he died for hungre and prest Mand. 230; for 
dr^de vis. P. P. 5337; war pe for hia hokes Wr. spec. 
105; h& sende swipe for to witen hwat wunder hit wfire 
KaiJt. 151; for pan propterea, La'^. 989; he scholde niver 
die for pon c. of I. 1072; for pan (enim) hi beop tweire 
kunne otcl and night. 1394; for pat (propter ea quod) he 
Lade pe Sarazenes slain Isumb. 489 ; for ich hit wot owl 
and night. 1246; for (nam) hSr in pe norphalf, for (guia) 
hit is so fur fram pe sonne, no man ne wonep Wr. treat. 
137; for enim, La^. 148; Orm. 119; for to urdo, -untill, 
Mis. 5363; forte ias- 7563*; for te pe hgte a morwe 
come Wr. treat. 137; vort midniht a. r. 236; vor (ante) 
pe feste 22; for alle oper Bek. 721. 

foralden, OHGerm. farnlten, grow old; forolded (ms. for- 
olped) (paH) Fum. p. XVII, 175. 

forbanuen. Germ, verbannen, hanish; forbonne owl and 
night. 1091. 

forbeoden, ASax. forbeodan, OFris. forbiada, Goth, faur- 
biudan, Olcel. furbioda, OHGerm. for-, far-, fer-, firbio- 
tan, forbid, „prohibere", L03. 27408; torh^^n prompt. parv. 

210 for 

170; forbfidep (pres.) Mand.7l; Chauc. C. t. 14058; for- 

b&ies Mor.a. p. 2, 1147; forbeode (»u6j^ a. r. 8; forbSde 

vis. P. P. 1582; forbead (pret) SItorek. IS7 ; forbted Orm. 

1955; vorbSd Eob. Qlouc 496, 6; forboden (paH.) Orm. 

12921; Mand. 20; Chauc. r. r. 6616; cr. P. P. 291. 

vorberen, ASax. forberan, OHGerm. for-, far-, fer-, fir- 

beren, forbear, a. r. 218; forbere Sek. 1426; Gow. conf. 

am. 1, 164; Chauc. C. t. 887; verbere Bob.Glouc. 321,1; 

forbere (pres. mbj.) Fum. p. XXXI, 362; vorber (prd.) 

a. r. 218. 

forbeaten beat tntireh); forbfiten (part.) vis. P. P. 14321; 

forbStun ant. Arth. LI, 9. 

forbi (for = fore?). Germ, vorbei, forhy, past. Alia. 5487; 

Mand. 11; Chauc. C. t. 13540; avow. Artk. XXV, 6. 

forbinden, OHGerm. krhiaden, bind up; forbindep (pres.) 

Orm. 4524. 

forbisen example, Wr. p. s, 197; ps. 68, 12; vorbisne a.r. 

76; forbisne (forbusene) (dat) via. P. P. 4956; WaH. 

hist. 2, 67; forbisne (ace) Kath. 698; vorbisne owl and 

night. 244; forbisne, forbisene c. of I. 555 & 980. 

forblten, Germ, verbeiszen, bite to pieces i forbitep (pres.) 

vis. P. P. 10865; forbM (pret) La:!,. 6497. 

forbidden. Germ. verbMten, bleed to exhaustion; forbled 

(part) Triam. 1243; «i. Arth. F. 3434; ant Artk. LI, 8. 

lorblenden, Oerm. verblenden, blind, Qj-m. 15391. 

(orhod prohibition, rel. ant. 1, 177; (forbot) Amad. Bobs. 

XX, 12; forbode (dat) La^. 1446. 

forbredeii pervert; vorbredep (pres.) owl and night. 510; 

forbrode (part) 1379. 

forbreiden pervert, distort; forbreidep (pres.) owl and night. 

1381; he is forbroken and forbroiden (part.) rd. ant. 1, 

211; vorbroide Bob. Glouc. 21, 11 & 205, 7. 

forbreken, ASax. forbrecan, OHGerm. ferbrechan, break 

in pieces; forbroken (part) rel. ant. 1, 211. 

forbrenne(n), OEOerm. for-, fur-, fer-, firbrennen, bum 

up. Will, gloss.; forberne Horn 692; Terbarnde (pret) 

Bob. Glmic.296, 8; forbarnden L03. 4115; forbrend {^ot*) 

Mopes 339; forbrent Alia. 4669; m. Arth. F. 1925; yor- 

bernd a. r. 54. 

forbugge(n) redeem, c. of I. 1090; forbigge Wid. gloss.; 

forbou3t (part) Skoreh. 164; forbougbt Ml. rom. 2, 355. 

forbigger, -bier redeemer, Wid. gloss. 


for 211 

forbAshen decline, avoid, Orm. 7514; forbliwen a. r. 206; 
vorbuwen (pret.) 306. 

forburp (foi = fore?), Germ, vorgeburt^ previous, former 
birth, HalUw. diet. 370. 

forcalden? grow cold* forcold (part.) s. s. Weh. 2623. 
forclemmen cleTti, starve; forclemmed (part.) Mor. a. p. 3, 395, 
forclingen wither; forclonge (pret) Fum. p. XXIV, 216; 
forcluagen (part) Orm. 13851. 

forcrempea, MHOerm. verkrempfen, become cramped or 
contracted: vorcrempep and \othreAep owl and night. 5i0. 
forcroken become crooked: pe hond was forcroked Fum. 
p. XVII, 336. 

forcumen (for = fore?) come heforef forcom „praeveni", 
pa. 16, 13. 

forcfld (forcoup) wicked, Z03. 28240; forcvldeat (auperlat) 
Kath. 2242. 

forcweden, ASax. forcvedan (reprobare), OHGerm. far- 
quedaD (abdicare), Ootk. ia.\iTqip&n (iftstelv), deny, reprove; 
forcwidest (prea.) Kath. 389. 
forcwiddare? a. r. 212. 

forcheosen (for ^ fore ?) choose previously ; forchosen (part.) 
Mand. 132. 

fordel, ODvich Teurdeel, MSGerm. vorteil, advantage, Hal- 
liw. diet 370. 

fordSmen, OHQerm. for-, furtuoraan, condemn, ias. 3457; 
Kaih. 428*; fordfime owl and night. 1096; fordSmde (pret) 
Marh. 2 ; ford^med (part) c. of I. 447. 
fordil^ben, OSax. fardiligon, OHGerm. fertiligon, destroy; 
fordiljhed (part) Orm. 14541. 

fordolken stab with a dagger (Dan. Swed. dolk)? cmp. 
Germ, erdolchen; fordolked (part) Mor. a, p. 1, II. 
fordon, OHGerTtuifiTiMon, fordo, destroy, La'^.2h^l\ Mand. 
56; (fordoon) vis. P. P. 2512; vordon a. r. 210; fordo 
pr. come. 3395; forded (pres) Kath. 214; fordop Orm. 
4069; fordude (pret) Marh. 2; fordfin (paH) Chauc. C. t. 
Tyr. 17239. 

fordiSden terrify; fordred (part) Orm. 659. 
fordrefen trouble, disturb; fordrefed (part) Orm. 2194. 
fordrenche(n), ASax. fordrencan, inebriate, Fum. p. VIII, 
166; fordrenct (paH) 2343. 

fordrinkeD, MHGerm. vertrinken? fordrunken (part) drun- 
ken, a. r. 214. 


212 for 

fordriven, ASax. fordrlfan, Olcet. fordrtfa, OBQerm. far- 

ttlbaji, drive away, disperse; fordriven (pari.) rel. ant. 1, 

220 ; fordrive Chauc. r. r. 3782 ; mid wedere fordreyen 

La^. 6206*. 

fordrue{n), ASax. fordrugian, LGerm. verdriigen, dry up, 

owl and night. 917j vordruwede (pret.) a. r. 148. 

fordulleii, ODvtch i^rAoXeu, grow dull; forduIle(d?) (part.?) 

Lidg. m. p. 191. 

forditten dose. Rick. 4170. 

fordwine(n), ODuteh verdwijnen, waste away, Fum. p. 

XXIV, 215; fordwinnen (part.) rel. ant. 2, 211; [for- 

dwined Chauc. r. r. 366.] 

foreode (pra.) went by, gave up, Wr. spec. 23; voreoden 

a. r. 406; forjode Halliw. diet. 375; foryede Chauc. C. t. 


forfasren, ODutch vervaeren, afray, terrify; forfsered (part) 

Orm. 665; forf^red Chaiic. C. t. 10840; Iw. 1678. 

forfaren (forfure), ASax. forfaran (perire), OFris. forfara 

(id), ORGerm. for-, fur(i)-, fer-, firfaran (transire), perish, 

Gam. 74; Eglam. 119; Ittd. Gov. 47; & let forfaren al 

mankitt Orm. 14582; forfare destroy, Mor. a. p. 2, 1168; 

pe3 wolden bitn forfaren al & cwenken Orm. 19632; al 

pis lond he wule forfare La-^. 25683; forvared (pres) 

perishes, a. r. 138; forfaren vis. P. P. 9883; fonoren 

(pret) Imt,. 12380; forfaren (part) 2920; pk pisne wei 

U3 habbed forvaren (stopped up?) 27373. 

forfaren destroy; forffirde (pret) La^. 7280; Mor. a. p. 

2, 511; vorverden perished, died, a. r. 334. 

forflutten, Dan. forflytte, Swed. forflytta, remove? forflitte 

(part) Amad. Weh. 381. 

forfreten corrode; forfretep (pres) vis. P. P. 10853; vor- 

vret (forfretes) a. r. 138; forfrete (part) Will, gloss. 

forga(n), ASax. forgftn (praeterire), OSOertn. ferg4n 

(praeter-, transi}-e), forgo, pass by, avoid, give up, pr. consc. 

1842; forgon a. r. 8; Wr. spec. 88; his rihtes forgfln 

Bek. 726; forgo rel. songs VII, 81; Chauc. C. t. 8047; 

unSpe he mi3te forgoe ^ wSpe Amad, Robs. XVIII, 2; 

forgo (pres) rel. ant. 1, 103; vorgSd a. r. 364. 

forgang(en), ASax. forgangan {praeterire), Goth, faurgaggan 

(jtapanopeuEaftai), deny? Mar. mir. pi. 110. 

forglopnen astonish; forglopned (part) Orm. 670. 

forgnawenfjnau' to pieces, corrode; forgnawep (pres.) a.r. 338. 


for 213 

forgniden bruise; forgnod (pret.) „contrimt", ps. 106, 16. 
forgrowen grow to excess; he was old and forgrowen 
(part.) Brand, p. 52, 

torgulten incur guHt: to forgilten (render guilty) us gan 
god 0mm, 2619; ear we wlren Yorgulte (become guUty) 
a, r. 388. 

forjaren, Swed. forgiira, fordo, forfeit; forgart (pret.) Mor. 
a. p. 2, 240; (part) Orm. 14584 & 17531. 
for3elden, ASax. forgildan, OS ax. fargeldan, OHGerm. 
for-, far-, fergeltan, repay, recite; forjeldest (prea) La'T^. 
2298; forjelde (aubjunct) a. r. 428; via. P. P. 4356; 
Ilartsh. met. t. 11; Degrev.860; m. Artk. F. I5i8; forjilde 
aeow. Artk. XLII, 1. 
foryeldinge retribution, (ace.) pa. 27, 4. 
vorsemen neglect, a. r. 372; forsemden (pret) Orm. 7502; 
forjemed (part) c of I 947. 

forjetil nObliviosus", promp. pare. 174; foryetel Gow.conf. 
am. 3, 98. 

forgetelnes ^oJitVio", ps. 9, 19; foryetelnesse Govj. conf. 
am. 2, 19. 

ior-Tj&^n forget, prompt, parv. 174; forsete Wtd. gloss. \9', 
Mor. a. p. 1, 86; (foryete?) vis. P. P. 11850; forsitea 
Funt. p. VIII, 17; Tor3iteil a. r. 272; for3etep (prea) 
Orm. 2965; foryete (auhj) I. c. c. 24; forsat (pret) Fum. 
p. XVII, 216; Wid.gloas. 19; (foryat?) vis. P. P. 6692; 
(forgat?) B. 8. »V.1273; forsaet ias- 25833; ioi'ifitKaih. 
1835; for^eteo a. r. 330; Will. (?Zms. 225; ior'Tfiiea (part) 
c. of I. 998; (forgeten?) Chauc. C. t. 1916; Iw. 1584; 
pr. consc. 3909; forjeten, forjete Wicl gloas.; foryete 
Wili. glosa.; vorjiten a. r. 100; for3ute Brand. 26. 
forjifen, ABax. forgifaii, OHGerm. fur-, for-, far-, ferge- 
ban, CotA. fragiban? forgive, Orm. 1464; (forgiven?) vis. 
P. P. 1370; forsive Wicl. gloss.; forsaf (pret) ibid.; for- 
3ef LaT,. 4273; forsiven (part) a. r. 124. 
TOrjivellch pardonable, a. r. 346. 

forjifenesse forgiveness, Orm. 1477; forgive nis (?), rel.ant. 
1, 57. 

forseovere pardoner, a. r. 256*. 
fortacchen? forhaht (part) Wr. spec. 37. 
forhftten renounce, forsake: jif puwult . . . Torhoten piue 
sunue a. r. 340; forhSt (pret) Fum. p. XVII, 86; vor- 
hgten o. r. 192; forhote (jiart^ SAoreA. 162. 

:, Google 

214 for 

forh^den, Oerm. yeThnteo, ward of; forh^dde (pret) La-^. 

I'orhele(ii) conceal, owl and night. 796; pat je forhele fro 
me no ping Ealliw. diet. 372; forhal (pret.) Orm. 233; 
forholen (part.) 2468; forhole Fum. p. VIII, 39; Wr. 
an. lit. 8; Alis. 6967; a. s. Web. 250. 
forhSwen hew in pieces; forheow (pret.) LaT,. 4593. 
forhojhen despise, Orm. 3959; forhohien Katit. 993; for- 
howien a.r. 166; forho3ed (pres.) Lai,. 31565. 
forh6ne(ii), ODutch verhooHen, sconi, ps. 43, 6. 
vorhSren debauch, a. r. 394; forhored (part.) Orm. 2043. 
forhungren, Germ, verhungem, /amwA; forhungred (part.) 
Orm. 5679; Will gloss.; forhungrid prompt, parv. 172. 
forhuschen? deride; forhuace (pres.) £03. 3171; forhusten 
(pret) 29021. 

foridlen grow idle; foridled (part) a. r. 116. 
Torkeorven cut in pieces, a. r. 360; forkarf (pnt.) libeaus 
disc. 1325. 

forkulien? scorch, charf pet te sode simne, pet is Jesu 
Crist, haved widuten vorkuled ou a. r. 50; vorkuliinde 
(v. r. forawidande) hire sulven mid pe fflre of sunne 806. 
forlseden mislead; forleded (pres.) La^. 1333; forledde 
(pret.) Shoreh. 164. 

forlEEten, ASax. forlKtan, OSax. forl&tan, OHGerm. fur- 
l^an, Ooth. fralStan? relinquish, abandon, Orm. 3769; 
forleten La-z,. 30599; o. r. 406; forlfite c. of I. 178; Chauc. 
C. t. 14279; furlete Hick. thes. 1, 225; forlatin prompt. 
parv. 172; forUte (pret) Will, gloss.; (part) Wicl. gloss. 
forlffiven (forldre) leave, Wicl. gloss.; forI6ft(e) (pret) 
Will, gloss.; forlAft (paH) Wr. p. a. 340. 
forlange, coip. Lat. perlonge, very long, Orm. 6996. 
forlangen, Germ, verlangen, long: jif pat tu forlanged art 
if thou longest, Orm. 1280. 
vorloDginge longing, a. r. 274. 
forle3ernesae adultery, (ace.) Orm. 2032. 
forleosen, ASax. forleosan, OHGerm. forliosan, Goth, fra- 
liusan? lose, LaT,. 9486; Kalh. 347; a. r. 108; forlfisen 
0mm. 2278; forl^se Horn 665; forleost (pres) owl and 
night. 947; forleose (subj) Wr. spec. 94; forleas (pret) 
£03.213; vorleas a. r. 232; forlfes Orm. 4758; (pu)vor- 
lure a. r. 810; forloren (por(^ forlorn, a. r. 146; harrow. 
243; forlorn Ckauc C. t. 11861. 


for 218 

forliggen lie with 'SXegitimatdy ; forlai (pret.) Gow. conf. 

on*. 1,347; forlejen ('^art^ Onw. 1988; forleyen SAoreA. 65, 

forlisten desire much: beon forlist after pe blisse of heofne 

Orm. 11475. 

fortoJce (for = fore?) foresight, jyrovidence, (dat.) Amad. 

Bobs. XXX rV, 6; forlnke Halliw. diet. 373. 

forlake(n) forelock, foresee, pr. consc. 19i6. 

forpinen fine, torment; forpined (part.) vis. P. P. 4107; 

Chauc. C. t. 205 & 1455. 

forrseden betray, seduce; forradde ('^retjj La^. 14867; for- 

rad (part.) Mapes 337. 

forrecclien? OHGerm. ferrecchan (extendere, porrigere)f 

forraht (part) perverted? Orm. 14540. 

forndel /ore-riiicr ; vorrldeies (pi.) a. r. 206. 

forrotien rot, rel. songs V, 169; vorrotien a. r. 344; for- 

roti Fum. p. V\ i. 

forsaken forsake, dispute, deny, refuse, abandon, La^. 28714; 

Mand. 226; forsake s. s. Wr. 65; pr. come. 4406; (pres) 

via. P. P. 3336; fursake Hick.thes. I, 226; forsaked a. r. 

226; foi-sakep Orw. 17243; ioTSOC (pret.) Bek. 659; foraok 

^^w. 7715; farsa.'keii (part) rel. ant. 1, 103 ; forsakeBefr, 661. 

forschiden depart ; al bid des faxes feirnesforscedenj)-. 47. 

forsclialden scald; forachalded (part.) a. r. 246. 

forschamen shame, abash; forshamed (part) Orm. 2183. 

forscliapeii de~, transform; forschop (pret) Will, gloss. 

225; Halliw. diet. 373; forahapin (part) Toum. myst.llS. 

forschuppen de-, transform; forschupped ('pres^ a. r. 120; 

forschipt (part) c. of I. 634. 

vorschuppild transformer, a. r. 120. 

forseoden seethe too much; foraSpe Shoreh. 165; leste ure 

owune teares vorseoden ua ioe helle a. r. 312. 

forseou despise, Orm, 9619, 

forsetten block, obstruct; forsettez (pres.) Mor. a. p. 2, 78; 

and sipun forsette (subj) him Be str^te avow. Arth. 

XXXVIII, 6; forsette (pret) m. Arth. F. 3046. 

forsitten neglect; forsete (pret. subj.) La^. 285IS. 

forslSwien neglect? forsl^wip (pres) Shoreh. 114. 

forsmiten smite in pieces; foramftt (pret) La-i,. 1598. 

forspeken forspeak, „fasci-nare", prompt, pare. 173; for- 

Spokin (jwrt.) Mar. mir. pi. 131. 

for8pi!le(n) destroy, ps. 93, 23. 

forstal disturbance? rel. ant 1, 33. 


216 for 

forstallen forestall; forstallep (prea.) vis, P. P. 2193. 

forstoppen stop up; iotstoppei (pres.) a. r. 72; forstoppid 

(pret.) Rick. 4843. 

for8wal3e(Q) swallow up, La'i,. 28453 ; forswolhen Mark. 

5; forswolehen ret. songs V, 215; vorsuolwe Rob. Oloae. 

205, 8; YOrswoluwen a. r. 164. 

forsivejen? forsweye Gow. eonf. am. 1, 76. 

forswelen aweal, hum; forswjelde (forswSlde) La^,- 16228. 

forawelsen devour; forsweolhes (pres.) a. r. 66*; forsualj 

f'pret.) Marg. 161 ; forswalh Mark. 10; forswolhen (part.) 13, 
orswelten kill. Math. 5. 

focswerin forswear, nperjurare", prompt, pare. 173; for- 
swerip (pres.) Wicl. gloss.; forsworen (part) vis. P. P. 

forswiden, ASax. forsvidan (reprimere)? consume? forswi- 
Sande (v. r. vorkuliinde) (part.) a. r. 306*. 
fortrede(ii) tread down, Haliiw. diet. 374; fortroden (part) 
Ckauc. C. t. Tyr. 150. 

forprsesten distort, pervert; forprast (part.) Mor. a. p. 2, 249. 
forpringen oppress; forpmngen (part) Orm. 6169. 
forpunken, Olcel. fyrirpykkja (miskage) Fritzner's ordb., 
forthink, displease; forpinkep (pres) vis. P. P. 5432; pat 
forpinkep me Mand. 303; me forpinkep pat i so did(e) 
m. Arth. F. 3849; forpo3t(e) (pret) Mor. a. p. 2, 557; 
ikis dedus him sore forpo3te Amad. Robs. XVIII, 3; for- 
pOUt s. 3. Wr. 2248. 

forpursten, Dan. fortorste. Germ, verdursten, thirst very 
muck; forpirat (part) „sitiens", prompL parv.; forprist 
Orm. 5679. 

forwaiiie(n), MHQerm. verwenen, forwean, spoil, vis. P. P. 
2541; forweined (part.) dep. of R. 5, 11. 
forwar^en curae; forwarded (part) Orm. 8048. 
forwelken, Germ, verwelken, wither; forwelked (part) 
Ckauc. r. r. 361. 

forweren wear out; forwered (paH) Ckauc. r. r. 235; for- 
werd cr. P. P. 853. 

forweri exceedingly weary. Will, gloss.; Chauc. r. r. 3336; 
m. Arth. F. 2901. 

forwerpen cast away, reject, Orm. 1320; vorworpen a. r. 
120; forwarp (pret) ps. 77, 60*; forworpen (part.) Orm. 
1393; vorworpen a. r. 366. 
forwirken forfeit, condemn; forwrohf (part) Orm. 17547. 


ford 217 

forwlenchen make proud? forwleint (part.) Wr. spec 2i. 

forwr^ien denounce, accvtae, Fum. p. VIII, 49 ; forwr6ied 

(paH.) a. r. 172*. 

forwundien vjovmS,; forwundede (pret.) La^. 27582; for- 

wonded (pret.) Bob. Gioue. 56, 3 ; forwounded Cka\u:. r, 

r. 1830. 

forwundren ujcmder, astoniah ; forwundred (part.) Orm. 

3417; forwondrid Hartah. met. t. 19; forwondret aiU.Arih. 

XXVI, 9. 

forwurnen prohih^ La^,. 3497. 

forwurden, ASax. forveordan, OSax. farwerdan, OHGerm. 

ferwerden, Goth. fraTairpan ? Lat. perrertere ? corrupt, 

perish, La-^. 28425; vorwurden a. r. 210; forworthe p». 

1, G; forwurpen (pres) Orm. 18814; forworthes pr. comae. 

780; forwurde (suhj) Kaih. 2191; forworpen (preL) La-r,. 

1777; forworpe (part) owl and night. 575. 

ford, ASax. ford, OHGerm. iuri, ford, nvadum", Wr. 
«oc. 92; Trist. 3,48; pene vord (ford) La3. 20159; seeforp. 

fore, ASax. fore, OSax. OHGerm. fora, OFris. fore, 
fara, Goth, faura, fore, pro, ante: pat tu fore ibeden ha- 
veat Marh. 21 ; non no apak Mm on word fore Alia. 4038; 
pis ma(8)kelle2 perla . . . pe joueler jef fore alle his god 
Mor. a. p. 1, 733; pis Gilbert hire tolde fore ( = foren? 
r. w. ibore = iboren) BeJc. 31 ; so stilie and dome he was 
pe fend fore (r. w. ibore) c, of I. 1030 ; compos, parfore. 

fore, ASax. fore, fore, before, antea. Will, gloss.; 
Wicl. gloss. 

forefader forefather; forefadres (pi) vis. P. P. 3483. 
forserd foreyard, Wicl. gloss, 

foreheTed forehead, Bek. 2100; forheved Percev. i96; for- 
heed Chauc. C. t. 154. 

forsight, OHGerm. fora-^iht, foresight, prompt, parv. 171. 
foretoken, ASax. foretacen, OHGerm. forazeicban, foreto- 
ken, Halliw. diet. 371; fortaken Orm. 16157. 
fortop foretop, Wr. treat, 137. 
foretop foretooth; fortep (pi) Flor. 1609. 
forewal, ASax. foreveali, jorewall, „antemurale", Wicl. gloss. 
foreward, ASasc. foreveard, forward; forewardes Mand. 61, 
foreward, ASax. foreveard, Olcel. forviirdr, covenant, cowi- 
jjacijioj. 23657; a. r. 126; c. of I. 1055; via. P. P.2\0l; 
Toreward oiol and night. 1687; forward Chawe. C. t. 831 ; 
m. Arth. F. 3695. 


218 fSre 

forwit prescience, vis. P. P. 2804. 

fore, ASax. fdr, ODutoh voere, OHOerm. fuora, course, 
way, trade, rd. aid. 1, 160; (dat.) Alia. 2355; pe cnihtes 
weoren on T6re L03. 5858; fore (ace.) 13GG7; and bo for- 
lost pe bund his fore owl and night. SIS. 

foren (forn), fome, ASax. foran, forne, 08ax. foran, 
forana, OHGerm. forna, before, EU. rom. I, 395; forn seid 
Wicl. gloss. 1 9 ; foren an his h&fde vom on aeinem havhte, 
La^. 23968; pes token eft forn on (sie jtengen wider vorn 
an) t6 serfen Orm. 553; forn asens (ajeinst) Wid. gloss,; 
forne „/ormerlu"f Goto, gloss.; compos, a-, at-, bi-, toforen. 

forest, OFr. forest, forest, lai le fr. 145. 

forster/oresfer, via. P. P. 11592; Ckauc. C. t. 117. 

forke, Lot. iarca, fork, Wr. voc. 180; Wr. spec 110; 
forken, furken (pi) gallows, £03. 5720 & 2U02; forkis 
dep. of B. 8, 3; compos, galheforke. 

forme, Lot. forma, form, (ace.) Fum. p. XTII, 314; 
&n hare, whan be in forme lip Wr. treat. 139. 

forme, ASaas. OSaas. OFris. forma, /rs(, La^. 4949; 
Orm. 14431; Alia. 1292; s. S. Wd>. 1424; pr. eonsc. 483; 
vorme a. r. 10; furme Wr. p. s. 155; see frume. 

formest, ASax. formest, fyrmeat, OFris. formeat, Goth. 
frumist, foremost, c. of I 1140; via. P. P. 6043; furmeat 
Wt. p. s. 154; firmest rd. ant. 1, 213; fonnast Mor. a. 
p. 2, 494; pe formeate Lot,. 6856; vormeate a. r. 208. 

forp = ford? Wid. gloss.; Gaio. gloaa.; Mor. a. p. 1, 
150; forthes (pi.) Boh. Br. 187, 16, 

ford, ASax. OSax. ford, OFris. forth, ford, MHGerm. 
TOrt, forth: ford pe king wende La-7,. 26751 ; he droh pat 
witnes forp Orm. 3078; farep forp 6406; vorp to unto, 
unlHl, Boh. Glouc. 7, 22; he bsehto heom ford riht Imt,. 
25713; forp riht an An he flseh a wej Orm. 3196; ae 
ford so far, Kath. 243; so ford ant so feor Marh. 15; 
he wule to vord a. r. 294 j forp daiea far (Late) in the 
day, Wid. Mark 7; Percev. 826. 

Tordbringeu hring forth, a. r. 66 ; forp ibrost (part.) Fum. 
p. XIII, 135. 

fordfare departure, decease, La^. 6009. 
forpfare(n) fare away, depart, c. of I. 218; Alis. 6937; 
ps. 10, 2; fordfaren fjjort.) a. r. 30. 

forpgSn go on or away; forpgOn (part.) prompt, parv. 178. 
Tordgong progress, a. r. 318. 


forpen 219 

forpward forthward, forward, Orm. 5226; SeA. 674} ford- 
ward (forpwardes) Laj. 5370; jif ich hie swAde Yordward 
a. r. 242. 
forpwerpe(ii) coat away, Halliw. diet. 374. 

forpen, A8ax. furdon, moreover, Onn. 825, 

forden, ASax. fordian, perform, rel. ant. 1, 212; for- 
pen Orm. 1834 & 2379; fordes (pres.) a. r. 3G4*; compoa. 
a-, iforden. 

foster (foster?), ASax. fostur, OTeel. fostr, foster, nu- 
trimmtum, Mark. 8; (cMldfJ Kath. 451; (man?) Mor. a. 
p. 2, 257 ; voster L03. 25921 ; foatre (dot.) Mar. mir. pi. 194. 
fosterfader Orm. 8855, 
TOStermOder Im^. 26899; Mark. 8. 

f6sterling, ASax. fosterling, /orter-cAiW; fosterlingee 
(pi.) LaT,. 28574. 

foatren (fostren?), Olcel fostra, foster, mitrire, Orm. 
1558; fostrin Mark. 2; fostre Chauc. C. t. 8469; pa. 54, 
23; fostred (prea.) a. r. 296; fostren vis. P. P. 11782; 
iostrede (pret.) Lai,. 25858; fostred (part) Hoccl. 1, 229, 

io&tiW A foster-mother, a. r. 72. 

fot, ASax. OSax. OFris. fot, Olcd. fotr, Goth, fotus, 
OHGerm. fuoz, Gr. 1108-6;, La(. ped-is, /«»(, OrTw, 11369; 
& i pe ISitende fur hfit warpen Such fdt (man, per synec- 
dochen) Kath. 1371; vot a. r. 191; com ofer drise fot 
(dry-foot) Orm. 10338; hot fot without delay, immediately, 
MapesSZ^; fot (foot) hot id., Chauc. C. t. 4858; e. s. Weh. 
843; k. of T. 104 ; two fot Eglam. 312; on fote & onhors 
Mor. a. p. 2,79; fote iame (lotlame?) debilis pede, Hardw. 
poem 51 ; ffit (nom. ace. pi.) Orm. 4775; chron. Engl. 630; 
Tet a. r. 122; foten (dat. pi.) Lot,. 14820; voten a. r. 
166;f6te? Orw. 11946; feete CAowc. C. (.6524; fallenhim 
to fete (im mu fUsxen) met. horn. 95; fit a. a. c. XVI, 10. 
fotman Alis. 1611. 
ffitsteppe prompt, paro. 174. 

fopor, ASax. foder, OSax. fvother, ODiUch voeder, 
MHQerm. vaoder, father, load, Chauc. C. t. 1910; on his 
head fallep pe foper Rich. 1732; fopir Alia. 1809; voder 
(fMer) a. ». 140; vodere (foper) (pi) La^. 25762. 

f6dere(n) load? a. r. 140*. 

fouaile., MLal. focale, fuel, prompt, parv. 174. 

foun, OFr. faon, fawn, „hinnvlus" , prompt, parv. 178; 
Mand. 290. 


220 foaadeiin 

founderin, OFr. {oadrer, fottnder, prompL parv. 175; 
foundred (pret.) Chauc. C. t. 2689; foundret ant. Arth. 
XLII, 9. 

f6weii, OIceL f£ga? cleanse, HaUiw, diet. 876; fowia 
prompt, parv. 175; fflwed (part.) ibid. 

foware cleanser, protnpt. parv. 174. 

fox, ASax. fox, OHQerm. fiichs, ODutch tos, fox, rd. 
ant. 1, 217; Tox owl and nighL817; YOxes (pi.) a. r. 128. 

fozifih foxiak, prompt, parv, 176, 

ira (fra?), Olcd. OMGerm. fra {fr4?), fro (fra), Orm. 
1; Iw. 1990; ps. 2, 3; pe limes pat or cutted fra pe bodi 
pr. consc. 3715; fro ri«. P. P. 3554; H'wii. /oAn 8, 14; 
m. .drtA. i^. 633; he ros fro d&Je rei. a»t 1, 209; no ping 
pou mai take fro us Mand. 294; god schilde us fro schaioe 
Eglam. 508. 

fretewjl voraeiouaf a. r. 128*. 

? freten, ASax. fretan, OHGerm. frezan, Goth, fraitan, Jret, 
devour, La-T,. 31677, frete Shorek. 161; fretep {prea.) Orm. 
16133; yret a. r. 184; frat (pret) pS. 79, 14; fret Bob. 
Qlouc. 203, 18; Mia. 703; freet dm. P. P. 12468; frfitea 
Alia. 6171; freten (part.) 5179; Ckawc. C. t. 2070. 
fraward froward: p& tumest tn pe fraward god Orm. 
4672; if he fraward h& pr. consc. 87; froward „C(m(rarius", 
prompt, parv. 180; pe weder was cold and froward a. s. 
Web. 2622. 
frawardnes frowardneaa, pr. conac. 1173. 

fraht (fraught), ODutch yr&cht, freight, lud. Coo. 137; 
freight prompt, parv. 177. 

fraughte(n), ODvtck yrachten, freight, Chauc C. t 
4591 ; fraust (part) WtU. gloaa. 

frakel vile, despicable? a. r. 102, tS2 & 204; frakele 
(adv.) rel. ant. 1, 178 & 183. 

frakin frecken, freckle, prompt, parv. 176; Wr. voc. 
209; frekin 267; freknes ("pZ^ Chauc. C. t. 2171. 

fram, ASax. fram. from, OSax. Goth. OHGerm. fram, 
/»•(»», Kath. 2325; HV. trea*. 137; vis. P. P. 3555; & litil 
fram his halle a. a. Wr, 750; to wite pe fram pe ffinde 
Shoreh. 90; from c. o/" i. 656; pe from (fram) drihteue 
com iaj. 20; from worlde t6 worlde a. r. 430; from pe 
time pat he ferst bigan Chauc. C. t. 44; pet he wardie 
ou Trom (v. r. wid) alle peo pet ou awaited a. r. 174, 


-fram S21 

fc&Tow&rA frontward: {ut evene frsmirard pan Ast toward 
pane west drfluj Brand. 8; frommard a. r. 92. 

fTam (frame), ASax. fram (sfrmuwrj, Oibel. framr 
(praesta7u)f H(dliw. diet. 87R. 

frame, OIhachvr&me,OIcel.{,ASax.fieiRe, fremu, 
frame, profit, Orm. 961; rd. ant. 1, 169; Wr. tpec. 71; 
ido6. 5r. 162, 12; 3if hit bfi for mt frame HaUiw. diet. 
378; „fahrica", prompt, parv. 176; freome a r. 124*; for 
pe ttevae of pe loande H. zeitsckr. 11, S98. 

framien ('ramin), ^Sax. framiao, fremian, &emman, 
(prodeaae), OFria. framia, frema fprodesse, perficere), ODvtch 
jrntnen (prodfsie), 08ax. fremian (perficere), Olcel. ir&iaa, 
fremja (promovere, effieere, omare), frame, ^dolare", prompt, 
pare. 176; fremien a»at/, Katk. 288; vreomien be of use, 
a. r. 284; freme rproficere'^ , ps. 88, 23; Havel. 441; frem- 
men perform, Lh^. 24010; frames (prea.) avails, profits, 
a. r. 126*; Sob. Br. M. 3, 389; fremede (pret.) benefited, 
Kath. 2399; framed (paH.) framed, Rich. 1869; compos. 

framing, ASaa:. fremung, framing, winning, prompt, 
parv. 176. 

frAaten (frftat), Olcel. freiata (experiri, tentare), seek, 
try. Mar. mir. pi. 98; fraiete (pres.) Mor. a. p. 1, 1G9; 
fraistes pr. conic. 1090; Isumh. 669; freistes Bob. Br, 
119, 13; fmisted (pret.) Iw. 3253; silver fraisted {part.) 
wip pe fire ,argentum igne examinatum", pa. 11, 7. 

frede(n}, j4Sax. (ge-)frMan, 0/)k(cA vroeden, OHOerm. 
fruotan, feel, Gow. conf. am. 2, 119; we IrSdep {pres.) 
SAoreA.7 ;fredde(^f(,) 120 ;s.s. Web. 1614; com^oa. ifr^den. 

freinen (frfiinen ?), /rom ASax. frignan pret. frtegn, 
Go(A. fraihDan, ctiip. OSax. trftgon pret. frAgoda, Jrain, 
ask, inquire, Kath. 1645; frseinien La^. 17116; freine 
Oou). conf. am. 2, 384; Octov. 1381; frajnen Orm. 6664; 
fraine Trial. Ill, 80; Percev. 1293; Ireined {pres.) a. r. 
264; frainez Mor. a. p. l, 129; fraine {aubfunct.) Amad. 
Robs. LVI, 7; freinede {pret.) LaT,. 7244; freined m. Arth. 
F. 678; frained !)w. -P. P. 676; frajned (^ort.) Orm 12973; 
ifreined {part.) Chauc. C. t 12361; ivreined a. r. 338. 

frek, ASax. free, Olcel. frekr, Goth, inks, OEGertn. 
frecher, freck, eager, keen, brisk, quick, Degrev. 1365; Min. 
15; vrech (free) o. r. 128; frik prompt, parv. 179; lAdg. 
m. p. 230. 


232 frelw 

tiechche greedily, LaT,. 31772; Tredibclie a. r. 204; frekli 
fiercely, Degreo. 285*. 

freke, ASax. freca, /reck man, Alia. 2161; via. P. P. 
2101; Mor. a. p. 2, G; ard. AHh. XXXII, 8; frecben 
(freoken) (pi.) Kath. 732. 

freme (frim), ASax. freme, frem {frim), atrong, vigo- 
• roua, I. c. C. 5; luxvriantlyf Mor. a. p. 1, 1078. 
fremsomnes nbenignitaa", ps. 64, 12*. 

fremede (fremid), ASax. frera(e)de, fremde, OSax. 
fremidi, OS Germ, fremider, framoder, Goth, framapis, 
fr^nd, foreign, strange, prompt, parv. 178; Awm 1999; 
i Treomede (fremde) child a. r. 184; of fremde lond(e) 
Chauc. C. t. 10743; fremde men Oroi. 1260; fremde and 
sibbe Ko6. GUmc. 346, 1 ; wip fremid(e) and sibbe Wr. 
p. a. 202. 

freo, ASaa:.ireo,M, OFria.iii, OHGerm.MeT,Goth.fr6ia, 
free, liberal, noUe, La^. 29591; Kath. 1179; Bek. 554; 
Alia. 192; yreo a. r. 220; freo, frfi Om. 2968 &. 12201; 
frS CAawc. C. (. 854; fr! Shoreh. 102. 
tr^A^m jreedom, Mand. 193; floA. Sr. 71, 17. 
freolsien, ^Sua;. freoisian, Olcel. freba, frialsa, /or freo- 
halsien, celebrate: me88eda3 to freolsen Orm. 2720; frSIs 
(^pres. imper^ fr^t deliver, rel. ant. 1, 22. 
freolJEc, vreoleic (freolaic, freoliSc) liberalityy a. r. 192, 
222 & 386; freolaic Kath. 2398. 

freolTch freely, liber, Kath. 68 J Marh. 13; frSli m. ^rtA. 
F. 3121; freohche Zt'fcere, 1^3. 185; frgli Chauc. C.L 1209. 
frfiman prompt, parv. 178. 
frSnesse freeneas, prompt, parv. 178. 
Treoschipe liberality, a. r. 386. 

frfi, ASaa:. freo, OSax. fri, no6Ze i^a/nan, Gaw. ghsa.; 
Degree. 745. 

freojen, ^Saa;. freogan, /ree, ^iterare; freoi^en, freoien 
iaS- 882 & 5619; freoin IforA. 3; freode (pre(.) £03. 
6175; compos, ifreosen. 

freond, frSnd, ASax. freond, OFria. friend (friend?) 
friund, OSax. friund, OUGerm. friont, friunt, Ciotk. fri- 
jonds, Olcel. frsendi, friend, Orm. 1609 & 17960; freend 
prom^. parv. 178; frind Aud. 22; freond {nom. ace. pi.) 
Bek. 367; frfind Orm. 443; Mapea 334; frfinde Eglam. 
144; freonde (da*, jp/.) ii'wm. p. VIII, 111; fr^nde (n a>. 
plude) aacram. 720. 


freosen 223 

frfindli friendly, Ckauc C. t 2682. 
fr^ndlihed Gow. conf. am. 2, 286. 
freondrsde amidtia, Alu. 1488. 
freondschipe friendship, a. r. 98. 

freosen, ASax. freoBan, Olcel. (lioaa, OHOerm. tniXBa.'a, 
freeze; freosep {pres.) Wr. Weal. 136; fr&ep Mand. 131; 
freCB {pret.) Wid. gloss.; fr& Gate, gloss.; Rob. Br. 121, 
28; frore (part.) Wr. spec. 25; ifrore Wr. treat. 137. 

frescli, ASao). ferae, ODvtch versch, Olcel. ferakr, 
friakrC?), OHQerm. innxx, fresh {fri»k\hriak, fierce, Gaw. 
gloss.; Fum.p. XXX, 49; fresh Orin. 6S48; Chauc. C. t. 
92; fr. consc. 1254; a,a freach as II lions aM. Arth. XLV, 
2; fersch Wr. treat. 136; versa Rob. Glmic. 217, 12; fera 
(r. w. fl^sch) Triam. 1246; of fresche watir Mand. 115; 
on fresche stMen Alis. 2405; see fers. 
freschii /rcsA/y, prompt, parv. 178; Gaw. gloss. 

frese? OiSaa;. fifesa (periculum), ODvtch vreese (timor), 
OHGerm. freisa (^periculum, pernicies)? fearf no fris 
Toww. mi/s(. 291. 

fr&lTch, 0/?Germ. freisllcher ? /ear/ui ? frfisticlie? (the other 
ms. has fersltche) Fum. p. XXV, 32; fresli? = fersli? 
WiU. gloss. 224. 

frete? ASax. frsetu pi frsetre, OSax. fratah, fret, 
ornament: her fret of gold Chauc. leg. g. tcom. 225; wip 
frette of perle Gojc. conf. am. 2, 228. 

fretten, ASax. frietvian, OSax. fratohon, fret, adorn; 
fretted {part.) via. P. P. 901 ; Mor. a. p. 2, 1476; frettut 
aTit. Arth. XXIX, 5; frett pr. consc. 9107. 

Frie, ASax. Frig (?) Ettm. lex. 373, Or. mph. 277, 
Venus, Rob. Glouc. 112, 17. 

Fridai, ASax. Frigedseg, Olcel. Friadagr, OHOerm. Fria- 
tsLg, Friday, Katk. 2531; Rob. Glouc. 112,18; Vrtdeio.?-. 422. 
Vrlniht a. r. 122. 

frie? Olcel. frjja {exprobratio)f 
frSles, Olcel frjjulauss? blameless, Mor. a. p. I, 431. 

frie{n), Olcd. frjja, blame, reprove, Havel. 1998. 

friggen? ASax. iricg&a {tnterrogare, scisc^ari)? to fri3- 
jea & to tselen Orm. 16513. 

frist, ASax. fyrhtu, OFris. fruchta, OSax. OHGerm. 
forhta, Go(A. faurhtei, fright, Mapes 338; s. ». Wr. 948; 
freihte prompt, parv. 177. 

frijten, frohten? ASax. fyrhtan, forhtian, OFria. 

224 frise 

fruchta, OHGerm. furchtOD, forchtan, Goth, faurlitjao, 
fright, frighten; compos, a^, o&ititen. 

frise, Fr. triee, frieze, prompt, parv. 179, 

frist, ASax. first, fyrat, OFria. first, ferst, OHGerm. 
frist, Olcd. frest, S'pace of time, respite; frest Orm. 261 ! 
jiromjrf. ^an». 178; first £03. 287 & 12242; furat Bek. 883. 

irestio, ASax. firatau, OFria. fersta, OHGerm. friatan, 
Olcel. freste, respite, dejer, prompt, para. 179; 116 langer 
wold he freste HalUw. diet. 380; firsten Mark. 15; friste 
(pre«.) prompt, parv. IIQ*; Mor. a. p. 2, 743; firstede 
Ipret.) Kath. 2399. 

frid, ASax. frid, frido, Olcel. fridr, OJ*'rw, ferd, ferda, 
fretho, OSax. fridu, OUQerm. fridu, /riiA, peace, protection, 
preserve, incloaure, La'^. 2649; frip Orm, 3380; vis. /*, P. 
11593; 7m'.157; Mor. a. p. 2, 534; Min. 9; frip or forest, 
toun or fiid Amad. Hobs. LXXI, 6; frep Degree. 486; 
frip, firp Oaw. glass. ; ^e huntied i pes kinges fride iaj. 
1432; frepe {dat.) Tor. 586; fripis {pi.) ant. Arth. I, 8, 
fripsQcne rel. ant. 1, 33. 

fridien, ASax. fridian, OFria. frethia, ferdia, OSax. 
fridon, Goth, (ga-)fripou, protect, preserve; fridede (pret.) 
Kath. 2399*; fredde (friped) (part.) ant. Arth. I, 7; fri- 
ped in fmced in, vis. P. P. 3668. 

fr6/w frou? Olcel. Iru, OSax. ffrlia, OFris. fr5(u)we, 
OHGerm. fr6(u)wa, /row, mistress, woman, HaUiw. diet 383. 

frofer (frOTer), ASax. frofor, OSax. frofra, [OHGerm. 
fiuobara], consolation, comfort, rel. ant. 1, 171 ; frovre iaj- 
9075; vrovre a. r. 92; frofre {ace.) Orm. 8786. 

frofren, ASax. frofrian (?), fr^frian OSax. frofrean, 
AOffGcrwt. fluobiren], console, comfort, Orm. 150; frovren 
Kath. 287; Trovren a. r. 72; froveren rel. ant. 1, 186; 
froefrien Lai,. 14844; frovri {pres.) owl and night. 535; 
frSverep Shoreh. 7; frorep Wr. spec. 73; frorere c. oft. 
889; frovrede {pret.) Mark. 8. 

froring consolation, harrow. 166. 

frogge, ASax. frocga, frog, „bufo", pronipt. parv. 180; 
Boh. Qlmtc. 69, 3. 

froise froise (fraise), prompt. parv. 180; Wr. voc. 242; 
I, c. c. 50; Goto. conf. am. 2, 93. 

frot, Fr. froc, frock, prompt, parv. 179; Mor. a. p. 2, 
136; frokke {dat.) vis. P. P. 2635; see roc. 

frosch, ASax. frox, OHQerm. iroac, frosch, Olcd. 


frost 22 S 

froskr, ODvtch worBCh, frosh (frosk), „rana", PTr. woe. 223; 
Wicl gloss.; froBch, trosk prompt, paro. 180; froskes (j^.) 
ps. 104, 30; Tenon, myst. 62. 

frost, ASax. OFrts.ioTst, OSax. OIcel.OHGerm.frmt, 
from freosen, frost, prompLparv. 180; Orm. 12665; Mand. 
130; forst Wr. treat. 137; Wiel. gloss.; vorat Sob. Glouc 
265, 11. 

frosti frosty, Ckaue. C. t. 270. 

frothe, Olcel. froda, froth, prompt, parv. 180. 

fropen froth; fropep (pres.) Wicl. gloss. ; fropen Ckawc. 
C. t. 1661; fropande (part.) Mor. a. p. 2, 1721. 

frounin frown, prompt, parv. 180; Ltdg. at. of Th. 254. 

frow, ASax. frea? OSax. frao, fro, OFns.iro, OHGerm. 
fr6(w)er. frawer (Laetvs), Olcel. fr&r (celer), frow (frough), 
gay, loose? HallitB. diet. 383; fala and frouj Mapes 337; 
fr6w(e) „festme", rel. ant. 2, 216. 

frujt, OSax. OHGerm. fruht, LcU. tmctus? fru^U, apol. 
4; friit a. r. 150; Wr. treat. 133. 

frume, ASax. Goth, fruma, Lat. primiis, fmm, Jirst; 
frume (forme) (suhst.) beginning, commencemeTtt, Laj. 13265; 
frorae (dat.) owl and night. 476; at pe (at te) frome c. 
of I. 1455; Alis. 5356; compos, ordfrume. 
frumraes La'^. 8665. 

frumpil, ODvick frommel, rumple, „rvga", prompt, 
parv. 181. 

friimpe, ASax. frumd, frymd, beginning, corrvmencement, 
Orm. 18558; i pe vrumde a. r. 218. 

fruschen rush? pei fruschen to gidere Mand. 238; 
frouscheii Degrev. 1087; fruschit (pret.) Gaw. gloss. 

f u 3 e 1 , ASax. fugel, Olcel. fugl, Gotk. fugls, OHGerm. fo- 
ge\,_f owl, avis, okI and night. 1095; fu3el, fo3el (fowel) Zrfi^. 
4832 & 20174; fuwel, fuel a. r. 14 & 126 ; foghel pr. consc. 
7075; fowel Wr. treat. 139; Horn 1414; Chauc. C. t 190; 
foul Mand. 48; Tor. 2050; fuheles (pi) Katk. 2124; fo- 
3eles Shoreh. 146; foweles wis. P. P. 3184; fuwelene (gen. 
pi) a. r. 298; fujele (dat. pi.) owl and night. 64. 

foulare, ASax. fugelere, fotcler, „auceps", prompt.pan^. 
175; foulere Wicl. gloss. 19; fuhelerea (gen) Mark. 3. 

foul in, ASax. fugelian, fowl, „aucupari", prompt, 
parv. 176, 

ful, ASax. full (for fuln), OSax. ful, OFris. ful, fol, 
Olcel. fullr, Goth, fulls, OHGerm. foUer, On itX^oc, itXsio;, 

asfl fill 

BuBB. noiHUH, Lt^uan. pilnas, Lot. plSnua, fuU, vis. P. P. 

83; hundred is iiil tel & noted perfectiun, pet is ful dSde 

(or fuldfide?) a. r. 372; pe fulle tale Orm. 11370; fulle 

flftene ferden Xa^. 27433; weres fulle fowerti^ Orm. 11210; 

fiiUe six jflr Horn 926; ahte ant tuenti folle 36r chrmt. 

Engl. 416; mid Mlere Btrendea (r. strengde) Laj. 29047; 

ter pe king hcefde pses ful isseide 26044; ful wel Marh. 

4; a. r. 6; Orm. pref. 17; fol wel 8horeh. 159; Hidi. 

1550; ful n6h L03. 101; ful late pr. coruc 789; ful bold 

vv. P. P. 1UH6; ful hard (or fulhard? Olcd. fullhardr) 

traTuact. 19, 821; ful wis (Qoth. fullaveis) Mor. a. p. 1, 

747 ; ful cl^e ant. Artk. XXX, I ; ful enden (fulenden ? 

Qa-m, voUenden), f\int.p. VIII, 123; ful ende Be*. 2205; 

ful waxen (fulwaxen?), OHGerm. folle wahs&n, JvU-grovm, 

Orm. 10884 ; Fum. p XXX, 88 ; compos, aje-, bale-, care-, 

drSd-, fet-, f^r-, grid-, hih-, luf-, mibt-, nip-, rfid-, sorh-, 


fulbriht (ful briht?) Hick. tkes. 1, 222. 

fulbringen, OHGerm. follebringan, accomplish; fulbroht 

(part.) Orm. 16836. 

faldon (ful don? OHGerm. folle tuon), a. r. 872. 

fulfremien perform; fulfremed (part^ Orm. 2530. 

fulfuUen /W/ii, a. r. 288; ful-fiQe Mor. a. p. 2, 264; fol- 

fuld (fulfild) (paH.) c. of I. 561; folfeld Skoreh. 147. 

fulhed. Germ, vollheit, ps. 23, 1. 

fuHwis (ful iwiB?) Laz. 1324; Orm. 687. 

fulliche fdly, LaT,. 14121; a. r. 124; owl and night. 1685; 

falhke Orm. 16302; fiilli pr. cohsc 4570. 

?fulat, A8ax. fylat, fullsest, OSax. fullfoti, OFris. fulliste, 

ODvixh yulleest, OHGerm. foUeist, kelp, auxHium; fulste 

(dot.) LaT,. 1747. 

fulsten, ASax. fylstan, fullsestan, help, auxHiari, Laj. 

5681; filflten rel. ant. 1, 186; fulste (pres.) owl and night. 

887; (pret.) £03. 1148. 

filstnen id., Orm. 6170; filstnede (pret.) rel. ant. 1, 209; 

fllsened Mor. a. p. 2, 1167. 

?fultuni, ASax. fultum, hdp, auxilium; fultume (foltome) 

(dat) Laz- 14618. 

fulwen, ^Stw. fulvian, fullian,_/brfulvihan? [*?ilian = Goth. 

veihaa (iyiaCew)] baptize, La^. 2402; folwen („folewen") 

HicJc. thes. 1, 229; follede (pret) vis. P. P. 10519; fuljed 

(pan.) Mor. a. p. 2, 164; folut ant. Arth. XVIII, 4; iful- 


flU 227 

wed e. of I. 1457; ifalhet Mark. 1; ivoUed Rob. Gloac. 

239, 3. 

fuluht, ASaa;. fulviht, bapitm, a. r. 322; fulluht La-T,- 86; 

Orm. 4054; fulht Mark 19; folht Wr. p. s. 157. 

fuluhten haptize; fuUehted (prea.) La;^. 29769. 

fuhltnen id., Orm. 94. 

fulwirken, OHQerm. fol(l)awurchan, perfect, complete; ful- 

wroht (part.) Orvi. 15597. 

fill, ASax. ful, OIceL Ml, OHQerm. filer, fiyul, a. r. 
118; Orm. 9032; owl and night. 94; foul Bob. Ql<mc. 69, 
3; Wr. spec. 103; iw. 1332; jif pine v6 enne fulne (ful) 
nome a. r. 316; ffllre (compar.) 84; Orm. 15831; fiiluste 
(superlcU.) a. r. 216; ffile (adv.) Orm. 1201; foule Alia. 
1118; WW. P. P. 2640. 
ffllbche foully, a. r. 1 24. , 

f&lmart foidmart, pole-eat, Mar. mtr. pi. 8 ; fulmard prompt, 

flilen (foulin), ASax. ffllian, t^l&n, foul, JUe, „tKrpare, 
maeidare", prompt, parv. 17^1; flilen „inguinare", a. r. 124; 
Mark. 13; ftlen Orm. 4493; file Wr. voc. 203; pr. cmse. 
1210; apol. 22; foulen ('^jres.; vig. P. P. 13586; fulep wl 
and night 100; fouled (pret^ Mor. a. p. 2, 269; f61ed 
Hob. Glouc. 290, 15; foulid (part.) Wicl gloss.; filed 
Mor. a. p. 2, 136; compos, biffllen. 

fuUe, ASaas. fyilo, OIIGerm. fulli, ^, plenitas: pe 
jeant had his fulle of fight Eglam. 560; fille prompt, pars. 
160; (acc^ Fwra. ^. XVII, 391; a. s. RV. 967. 

f u ] 1 e n , ASax. fullian, fyllan, Olcel. fulla, fylla, OIIGerm. 
fullan, OSax. Goth, fulljan, ^, implere, Wr. an. lit. 8; 
fiUeBicA. 6039; fullep f>res^ c. o/ Z. 731; fullenuw. P.P. 
5716; fulde (pret.) a. r. 40; JforM 1155 ; filde Gow. conf. 
am. 2, 204; fulled (part.) fvUed, vis. P. P. 10529; filled 
filed, Mor. a. p. 2, 104; compos, a-, ifuUen. 

foulnes, ASax. Oilness, fotdness, Wid. gloss. 

f u 1 p e , ODutch vulte, OHGerm. fullida, fulness, met. hom. 7. 

fiiiae, ASax. fj-ld, OHGerm. ffllida, JOtk, (ace.) a. r. 
128; M^Q- „Qrdure^, Wr. voc. 159; (dat.) c. of I. 1138; 
filpe ^sordes", prompt, parv. 160; Mand. 61; ffllden (acp. 
pi.) a. n 128. 

fundeling, MHGerm. Tundelinc, ODutch vondeling, 
foundling, prompt, parv.; Will, gloss.; fundling Horn 226; 
findling Fum. p. XXIII, 66; foundlinges (^) ps. 67, 6. 

328 ftmdea 

funde(ii), ASasr. fuudian, OHGertn. fuaden, OSaar. 
fundoD, frcm finden, found, aeek, tend, go, Fwrn. p. VII, 
10; founden Wr. apec. 82; founde Hom 107; m. Arth. 
F. 1965; Amad. Web. 52; Town. myat. 216; i mot hepen 
funden cr. P. P. SI 3; when pou an bunting foundes (pres.) 
Eglom. 259; funded Mark, 10; pider fundep STricn man 
owl and night. 719; fouudes ant. Arth. XLI, 6. 

funding departure: paire fondinge dai Isumb. 143. 

funke, OHGerm. funcho (fomes), ODutck vonke (fo- 
me$, acintUla), funk, spark, nigjticulus", prompt, parv. 1&2; 
pat like ftri funke Gow. conf. am. 3, 18; pat was not 
worth & fonk Rob. Br. 172, 26. 

far, ASoT. fjr, OSax. OFris. OHGerm. fiur, Gr. ituf, 
Jire, LaT,. 1187; a. r. 124; Brand.^; fflir ^^^.547; Mand. 
35; Degreo. 1378; fir via. P. P. 1553; Chauc. C. t. 1248; 
Percev. 791; fier a. a. Wr. 2505; Lidg. m. p. 35; ffir 
Shoreh. 99; Triat. II, 33; Rich. 781; sacratw. 494. 
firbrand pr. conac. 7421; firbrond Wicl. glosa.; fikirbrond 
Alia. 6848. 

fiirberp, Germ, feuerberd, prompt, parv. 161. 
fiirire, MHGerm. viunsen, Brand. 30. 
fierpanne, ODutch vier-panne, Wid. glosa. 
flrreed Chauc. C. t. 626. 
fiirstOn prompL parv. 161. 

filren, ASax. fjren, OHGerm. fluriner, igneus, Wicl. 
gloss.; flrene (dat.) Orm. 17412; fiirene (pi.) a. r. 356. 

furs, ASaa. furh (?), OHGtrm. fur{u)h, OFris. furch, 
ODvtck vore, furrow (fur), rel. ant. 1, 217; furgh Gow. 
conf. am. 2, 63; fore, lorowe ^sulcus'*, prompt, parv. 171; 
forwe ^.J HaUiw. did. 375; forow(e) vis. P. P. 8771; 
foui-e Flor. 1300; forses ("pi^ itfor. a. p. 2, 1547; furwes 
vis. P. P. 4005; forewis H'iei. glosa. 

furlong, .iiSoiT. furlang (?), furlong, Mand. 190; Jorlang 
■li heaua disc 306. 
furlen(g)p Gow. j^s«. 

fiiri, ODutch Tierig, MHGerm. viurec, fiery. Brand. 15; 
firi pr conac. 7762. 

firin, ASax. fjrian, OHGerm. fiuren, fire, nignire", 
prompt, parv. 162; flire (pres. imperat) Marh. 18; fiirid 
(part.) Wicl. glosa. 

furst, ASax. Olcel. fyrst, OHGerm. furist, first, Fum. 
p. XII, 6; for pi comen pes him first t6 s^ken i pat ende 


furste 339 

Orm. 6876; feret Ckauc. C. t. 727; Met dep.. of Bich. 6, 27. 

furste, ASax. fyrsta, Olcd. fyrati, OSax. OHGerm. 
furisto, first, c. of I. 300; Skoreh. 119; firste vis. P. P. 
11176; pe firste preoat Orm. 293; ferete Degrev. 1522; 
fristo m. Arih. F. 149. 

furper, A8ax. OSax. furdor, OFi-is. further, forther, * 
OHOerm. furder, further, ret ant. 1, 173; Eglam. 373; 
ne schalt tu gon no furder a. r. 228; furder (forJ)ere) 
Xa^. 4880; forper Orm. 7338; forpir pr. consc 440; for- 
pere Brand. 2; forper, ferper? Chauc. C. t. 36 & 4115; 
ferper? via. P. P. 2483. 

forpere, ASax. furdra, OSax. ffurthera, OFria. for- 
dera,, further, prior, anterior, Wicl. gen, 32, 17; his forpere 
f6t Brand. 30; Iw. 2004. 

furdrie{n), ASax. fyrdrian, MHQ€>m.\arieTa, further, 
ret. ant. 1, 131; furpren Gou>. conf. am. I, 238; firpren 
Orm. 5084; forpreu Wr.spec. 99; furdred (prea.) a. r. 156. 

ffl8, ASax. OSax. fus, 0/cei. fiias, OHQerm. funser, 
reo/iy, Orwi. 9065; fous Wr. spec. 50; ii' heaua disc. 288; 
vous rei. ant. 2, 243; fuse (i)tj LaT,. 4399. 

fiseii, ^Saa;. fj^san, Olcel. f^sa, hasten, Lnj, 2073 
& 17081; fusde (>■«*■> 16420. 

fust, ASoic. fjst, OHGerm. fiist, /si, ttwi anrf nij^At. 
153S; iiw. P. P. 11644; fist prompt, parv. 163; ftlstes 
fpi^ a. r. 82; PtV. (rea(. 139. 

fustian, OFr. fustaine, fustian, Chauc. C. t 75, 

gabbe, O/ccZ. gabb, jest, ii#; gabbeantgUe Trr.spec.49; 
wipoutengabbe fairly, c. of I. 507 ; gabbes (pi.) Kath. 2269. 

gabben, ASax. gabban (?), Olcel. gabba, gab, jest, lie, 
a. r. 200; gabbin „mentiri", prompt, pan. 183; gabbe ois. 
P. P. 1718; Chauc. C.-t. 3510; (pres.) Will, gloss.; Wid. 
gloss.; gabbed (pret.) m. Arth. F. 1105; gabbid (part.) 
met. horn. 57; igabbet Katk. 2305. 

gabbere, ASax. gabbere, gabber, liar, Mand. 160; 
gabbar prompt, parv. 183. 

gabbing, ASax. gabbung, gabbing, vis. P. P. 13870; 
gabbinge (ace) owl and night 626. 

gabil, Fr. gable, gable, Lidg. m. p. 204; gabul Flor. 
1864; Eglam. H93. 

gad, gadde, Oleel. gaddr (davus)f gad, bar, rod, pole, 
prompt, parv. 184; Wr. voe. 202 & 234; k gad of stile l 
c. c. 6; gaddes of irin Halliw. diet. 388. 

i:,, Google 

380 gadding 

g a d e 1 i n g , A8ax. gfedeling, OSax. gaduling, Goth. 
gadiliggs, OHGerm. gataling, fellote, Gam. 102; & luper 
gadeling Eob. Glouc. 310, 9; pat covetous gadling a. s. 
Wr. 1589; pou berdiss gadling Tor. 1016; gadeling, ge- 
deling vis. P. P. 5375 & 14239; gadelinges (pi.) La'^. 
■ 12335; stalworpe gadeliiiges Alia. 1192. 

gader, ASax. gador, geador, OFrix. ODutck gader, 
MHGerm. gater, aimtd; to gadere together, La-^. 568; Wr. 
treat. 138; Shorek. 92; to gedre Orm. 991 ; Mand. 70; to 
gedir Wiel. John 4 ; tfl gidere vis. P. P. 92 ; td gider 
s. s. Wr. 766; to gederes Kath. 114; a. r. 354. 

gadren, JSax. gad(o)rigean, gsedrian, OFris. ga,A{e)ri&, 
ODatch gaderen, MEOerm. gateren, gather, Orm. 13407; 
gcederen X03. 25463; gederen Katk. 990; a. r. 146; ga- 
derep (pres) Bek. 617; gaders pr. eomo. 1342; gedirs 
Pereev. 759; gadren Lidg. m. p. 216; gaderede, gadreda 
(pret.) vis. P. P. 10960 & 14160; gederiden Wicl. John 
11; gadred (part.) Hardin, poem 14. 

gadering gcUkering, pr. consc. 8831; sacram. 73; ge- 
dering c. of I. 643. 

gaed, A8ax. gsed (societaa); compos. EegEed? 

gmtelaas careless f Orm. 6190. 

gaeten, Oleel. gseta, guard, keep, Orm. 2079; gfit« 
awow. ^r(A. LIX, ij getes (pres) met. horn. 23; je seats 
a, r. 114*; geated (imper.) 50*. 

gageten, Oi^utcA gagelen, gaggle, rel. ant. 1, 86. 

gagginoo^, prompt, pare. 184. 

ga^e, i'r. gai, OHGerm. gaher (praeceps, velox), see 
Diez wb. 159, gay, Wid. gloss.; gaye Mor. a. p. I, 260. 

ga^el, ASax, gagol, Germ, gagel, ^oie, bog-myriU, Wr. 
voc. 141; gawl (gawil) prompt, parv. 189. 

gashen, 0/ceZ. gagn, gain, Orm. 13923; per nas non 
oper gain tfl save his MIAdg. at. of Tk. 2832; geinJtfarA. 18. 
? gainsum Will, gloss. 

gftl, ASax. gfi.1, OSax. gSl, OHGerm. geiler, ^ooZ (gde), 
luOBU/rioas, lascivious, Orm. 1201. 
gflUlch rd. ant. 1, 132. 

gaLder, ^Siiic. galdor, gealdor, OJcei. galdr, /roin galen, 
enchantment; galdere (dot) La-x,. 19257. 

gale, OFr. gale? from galen? song, mirth, Mis. 2047 
& 2548; Wr. spec. 26. 


gkl* 381 

gale, OFr. galee, galie, ffoUeyf Tor. 1315. 

galen (galin), ASaai. galia, Olcel. g&Uk, aing, cry, prompt, 
pare. 185; gale Ckauc. c I. 1356; compos, bigalen. 

galse, ASax. galga, gealga, OFris. Goth, galga, OUax. 
OHGerm. galgo, Olcd. galgi, galiow, patUndum; galwea 
(pi.) Rob. Br. 172, 19; ^owes Wr. p. g. 221. 
galheforbe a. r. 174* 

galien, ASax. galian(?), cry, ydp; gnMeA (pre».) a. r. 
128*; hundes per galied La^- ^0858; par galede pe gouk 
Hallite. diet. 389. 

galle, ASax. gealla, 08ax. OHGerm. galla, Or. xoXij, 
gall, bUis, a. r. 106; Orm. 15383; Alia. 5073; vis. P. P. 
11116; Mor. n. p. 2, 1022; Mar. mir. pi. 112. 

galle, Olcd. galli (naevtia, vitiam, noxa), gall, vic«. 
More, ChoKC. C. t. 6522 ; Mor. a. p. 1, 1059 ; Halliw. diet. 890. 

galien gall: pe liors was . . . galled upon pe bak(e) 
Gow. conf. am. 2, 46. 

g&lnesse, ASax. gSlneSB, IvxurioAce, laacivioustteaa, 
(dot.) Orm. 8015; golnesse a. r. 198; owl and night 492. 

galpeii, OSax. ga.\poa (gloriari) f OOutaA galpen (gan- 
nirejf gaup (yaup), belch, via. P. P. 8214; gaining (part.) 
yawning, Ckauc. C. t. 10663. 

g41schipe(gdlsipe), ^Soo^.g&lscipe, luxurtanee, rel.ant. 
1, 222. 

galstren, OHGerm. galstron (ineataare), LGa-m. 
galstreu (Jlagitare) Schvtee'i kotat. idiot., from galen, gaUter 
(gauster), brag: 3elstTed (galstres) & yelped of bore god 
a. r. 128. 

galte, Olcel. galti (aper), gait, young boar, prompt. 
parv. 185; Wr. voc. 204; (dot) HaHiio. diet. 390. 

galwen ffidloa, golly, frighten; compoa. bigalwen. 

gamen, ASax. gamen, gomen, OSax. Olcel. OHGerm. 
gaman, OFria. game, gome, game, play, sport, Tritt. Ill, 
10; Amis 710; Degrev. 3; gamen & gleo Fum. p. VIII, 
145; gomen La^. 7014; a. r. 314; Mapea 347; gonian 
Amad. Robs. LV, 7; game „ludua", prompt, pare. 185; 
CkatK. C. t. 855; in ernest or in game GoO. conf. am. 
1, 297; game praeda, Hartah. met. t. 122; game, gome 
owl and night. 1647 & 1664; gomo chnm. Engl. 456; ga- 
mene (dai) Percev. 1689; gomene» (pi.) a. r. 3 1 8 ; Wr. $pec. 24. 
gamellche jocote, reL ant. 2, 8; gameli WilLgloa 
G«». gloaa. 


gamenen, ASa£c. gamenian, Olcel. gamna, game, play, 
sport, (prea.) Alia. 5461; gomenio Mark. 17; gomede 
(pret.) a. r. 368. 

g&n, ASax. OSax. OFris. OUOerm. g&n, Olcel. gi, 
go, La^. 597; Orm. 7767; Iw. 800; gon a. r. 268; Wr. 
treat. 137; Chaue. C. t. 12; gi Percev. 1462; j)r. cotwc. 
4100; (gaa)7«(»ii. 696; goon, go via. P. P. 1192 & 4404; 
go Mand. 4; i wil go sittin lud. Cov. 20; guon Amad. 
Web. 670; to g&nne Mark. 4; gEest ('presj iaj. 26437; 
gSst ou>2 am! ni^A{. 873; gest (gost, g4s) a. r. 86; g^t 
Orm. 4660; gM a. r. 364; g^p Bob. Qlouc. 205, 6; c. o/ 
i. 409; Tor. 2142; g4p Omt. 1236; goip Wicl. John 9; 
(heo) gild Z03. 711; god a. r. 10; gou Goir. cow/ am. 
3, 322; gi we nfl til pat ilke tftn Orm. 3390; goaade 
(pres. part.) Mor. a. p. 2, 931; g&Q (preL part.) Percev. 
1062; jjr.cojuc. 1995; gon CA awe. C. t. 1784; Eglam.Z7h; 
compoa. a,-, at-, bi-, for-, forp-, i-, ovor-, purhgSn. 

gandere, ASax. gandra, gander, rd. ant. 1, 217; 
Mand. 216. 

g&uien (g&ne), ASax. gtlnian, OHQerm. geinon, ga«m 
(yawn), oscitare, prompt pars. 185*; gone Oow. conf. am.2, 
262; (goune?) s. s. Wr. 1365; gones (prea) avow. Arth. 
XII, 4; y&ned (pret.^ .HicA. 276; goninde (part) Hide, 
thea. 1, 228; 3^iiig Halliw. diet. 950. 

gang, ASax. gang, gong, OSax. OHQerm. gang, 0/ce/. 
gangr, Goth, gaggs, gang, walk, way, Orm. 8910; gong 
Kat/t. 569; {^ong?) La^. 1298; gong prwy, prompt, parv. 
203; 3. a. Web. 1315; compos, ford-, in-, out-, umgang. 
gongfirmar prompt, parv. 203. 
gonghos privy, a. r. 84. 

gangen, A8ax. gangan, gongau, OSax. OHOerm.g&n- 
gSE, Olcd. ganga, G'irfA, gaggan, gang, ire, Orm. 1076; 
rel avt-l, 211; gange'i; wts.P. P. 1219; Mar. 
mir. pi. 122; gonge (30nge ?) L03. 9061 & 29660; gangep 
(jjrcfl.) Orm. 1228; gang(e) jw. cojwc. 194; compo*. for-, 

gant, jiiSoic. ganet (fuliea,cygnus)f cmp. LGerm.gante 

gant (gaunt) gaunt, „macer'*, prompt, parv. 189. 

gap, ASax. geap Grein's gloas., Olcel. gap EgiUa. lece., 
gapf prompt, parv. 186; gappe fdat.) Chaue. C. t. 1641. 

gapin, AHax. geapian(?) Ettm.lex., 0/ceI. gapa, gape, 


e", prompi 

Arth. XII, 4; gape Chauc Trail. 7503; 3eapede (pret.) 
Mark. 46*; gaped cr. P. P. 310; gapande (part.) Will. 
gloss.; compos, bigapeii. 

g&r, ASax. gkr, OSax. OHGerm. g4r, Olcel. geirr, 
spear, La-^. 5079; g^re (dot.) Octav. 1527; Isumb. 453; 
gaeres (pi.) Laz- 19561 ; compos, elger. 
g^rcllve „agn7nonia", Wr. voc. 139. 
garfisch porpoise, prompt parv. 186. 

gkt\^\ garluik. Hick. tkes. 1,232; I. c. c.53; g&rleek Chauc. 
a t. 636. 

gar din, Goth.%s.iA& ace, gardan, OSaa:. gardo, OHGerm. 
garto aco. garton, garden, (daO vis, P. P. 10818; Ckauc 
C. t. 1053; s. s. Web. 419; Mor. a. p. I, 260. 

gardener, OHGerm. gartinari, gardener, Wart. hist. 
I, 20; Wicl John 20. 

(gfi,re) gore, ASax. gara, OFris. g4re, ODutck geere, 
OHGerm. ggro, 0/cei. geiri, gore, „lacinia", prompt, parv. 
203; Wr. voc. 238; CAawc. C. t. 3237; & gore (printed 
agore) HaUiw. diet. 32; under gore" (jowm, per aywect^ocAcM) 
owZ and night. 515; TTV. «/jee. 26; Wr. an. lit. 2; rd. ant. 
2, 210. 

garnement, OFr. ganmemeai, garmerU, ins. P. P. 8B51; 
garment prompt, pare. 187. . 

garsum, ASaa:. g^rsum, treasure, a. r. 350; garsum 


giaen, cmp. Olceh geisa (etim impetu ferri, furere) 

and Goth, usgaisjan (terrere), gaze ; gflae Lidg. m. p. 203 ; 

gAsed (pret.) Chauc. C. t. 8879; compos, ag&sen. 

gasp en, Olcel. geispa, gasp: g&spe and gape s. a. c. 
XVII, 14; g43pe and gone Gow. conf. am. 2, 262; gais- 
pand (part.) Halliw. diet. 395. 

g&st, ASax. gist, gfest, OSax. gfet, OHGerm. geist, 
ghost, spirit, Orm. 259; Flor. 778; Mob. Br. 185, 19; gost 
a. r. 368; Mand. 18; Chauc. C. t. 205. 
gftstlic ghostly, met. hom. 2; g&stllc, gfistlt3 Orm. 14244 
& 14398; gosthch a. r. 194; Be/c. 757. 

g&st (part.?) afraid. Gate, gloss.; Wicl. gloss. 
gastlich, ASax. gsestllc? gastly, Fum. p. X'V, 147. 

gttsten, ASax. gsestan? Greins gloss., gast, frighten, 
Wicl. gloss.; compos, agisten. 
gfLstues gasPness, fright, Wicl. gloss. 


231 g&t 

gkt, ASax. g4t, gffit, Goth, gaits, Olcel. geit, OHGertn. 
geiz, (/oaf, HV. coe. 219; Orm. 988; git (got) La^. 21301 ; 
got PTj-. voc. 91; (goot) AfaW. 47; Ckaac. C. t. 690; gfit 
chran. Engl. 34; H'r. ^. 8. 198; geat a. n 100; geit ap<A. 
105; gote (dot) Gom. conf. am. 3, 96; gset (pi.) Orm. 
1206; gset (geat) £133. 25682; gaite (rfa^ pi.) pr. connc. 
6134; Percep. 186. 

gate, Olcel. gata, OHGerm. gaza, i/ate (gait), way, 
„via, iter", prompt, parv. 188; «ts, P. P. 21611; Percte. 
1961; Mor. a. p. 1, 395; aacram. 639; alle gate oi^otw, 
a. r. 58; BeA, 1136; Mar. mir. pi. 154; al gate Chauc. 
C. t. 573; while gate Orm. 2281; {>aer he bi gate jede 
12749; nou er I>ei alle on gate Rob. Ur. 209, 1; in his 
gate Gow. conf. am. 3, 196; swa gates Isamb. 250. 
gatesehadil (-shsdei) „a>mpitum'*, prompt paro. 188; gate- 
schsdel Wr. voc. 271. 

gavel, ASax. gatol, from ^even, tribute, La^. S104; 
a. r. 202. 

gavelok, .4jSaa;. gafoluc, Olcd. gaflok, gatlak, Welsh 
gavlach, Gael, gobhlag, gaodock, spear, Alia. 1620; Bob. 
Br. 297, 19; gavelokes (pi.) ps. 54, 22. 

gede? compos, egede. 
geddede? love is wele, love is wo, love is geddede iVr. 
an. liL 96. 

geet, Fr. ja'iet, ^e*, Halliw. diet. 399; geete (dot) De- 
gree. 1461. 

gein, ASax. giegn (?), QlceL gegn, gain, conneiuent, 
ready, good, „directua**, prompt. parv. 189; & gein pap ^idg. 
St. of Th. 9148; gain Mm-, a. p. 2, 749; m. Arth. P. 1904; 
gaine (adv) Flor. 1986; geinest (mperlat) Wr. spec. 29; 
gainest Iw. 1979; compos, nngein. 

gainlich gairdy, Mor. a. p. 3, 83; geia-, gainliche (ado) 
WiU. gloss. ; g^nliche rel. ant. 1, 132 ; gejnllke Orm. 18084. 

gelde, AiSasc. gelde, Olcd. geldr, Qerm. gelt, ^\i,gdd, 
barren, Wr. spec. 24; elde nij^{> me geld(e) rel. avt. 2, 
210; geld ps. 112, 9. 

geldin, Olcel. gelda, Germ, gelten, i/eJtJ, render barren, 
„castrare", prompt, pare. 190; geldid (part) Wr.voc, 250. 

gelding eunuch, Wicl. gloss. 

gelauiige, OHGerm. geilsaage, ddight, (ace.) a. r. 100*. 

gSlunge, cmp. MHOernt. gBiieu (hUaremJacere), delight, 
a. r. 100. 


gelns 235 

gelus, Prov. gelos, Ital. geloso, jealous, owl and night. 
1075; jelous Wid. gloss. 

genge, ASax. genge, OHOeiin. genger, from gangea, 
airretit, usual, owl and night. 802, 1000 & 1063. 

geage, AScar. genge, Olcd. gengi, ging, company, ko»t, 
La-7,. 15095; Mark. 21; Orm. 3918; Haoel. 2353; Mapea 
348; ps. 2, 8; ginge Alts. 1509; Rich. 4978. 

gengen, ASax. gengan, MHGerm. gengen, promote, 
kdp: swa pat it mujhe gengen U3 to bershen lire e&wle 
Orm. 4160; he gengp (pres.) goes, owl and night. 376; 
gengden (pret.) iaj. 12865. 

gen til, Fr.gentil, gentle, Chauc. C. L 72 ;Mor. a. p. 1,278. 
gentilhche vis. F. F. 1381. 

gerner, Fr. grenier, ganter, Mand. 52, gernere (dai.) 
a. r. 272. 

gSsen (geson), ASax. gasue, wanting, destitute, Halliw. 
diet. 397; g&ene (plj vis. P. F. 8575. 

geeling gosling, Wr. voc. 187. 

gesse, ODutck gisse, guess, conjectura, aeatimatio: up 
gesse vis. P. F. 3316; bi gesse Lidg. m. p. 58. 

geesin, LGerm. Dutch gissen, Dan. gisse, Swed. gissa, 
guess, conjicere, opinari, „aestimare", prompt, parv. 190; 
gesse Rich. 4482; Mor. a. p. 1, 498; he seide he wolde 
gease to arive at Westnesse Horn 1187; gesse (pres.) 
Chaua. C. t. 82; transact. 18, 26; Hoccl. I, 332; gesside 
(pret.) Wid. gloss. 

gest, ASax. gsest, gest, gist, OSax. OHGerm. gast, 
Olcd. gestr, Goth, gasta, Lat hostis, guest, prompt, parv. 
191;- Wr. spec. 30; vis. F. P. 10185; gist a. r. 68; rd. 
ant. I, 130; gestes (pi) pr. consc. 1374. 
gesthalle lai le fr. 258. 
gesthOs Orm. 7040. 

ghesting, MHGerm. gastunge, lodging, Gaw. gloss. 

gistneu lodge, entertain, a. r. 402; gistnede (pret) 
ibid.; gestfined HaUiw. diet 397; Degrev. 935; igiatned 
(part) Shoreh. 13. 

gestning entertainmetU, banquet, Alis. 1779; gestening 
Tor. 1366; gistninge (dat.) LaT,. 14262; gistninges (pi) 
a. r. 414. 

get, OFr. get, gin, contrivance, „machina, modus", 
prompt, parv.; in pe newe get Ckauc. C. t. 3322; pat {m 
be trapped a get Degrev. 1181; jet Wr. p. s. 329. 


386 gepe 

gepe, ASax. geo(h}du, gehdu, gihdu, caref Flor. 1607. 

gide, Fr. guide, guide, via. P. P. 10495. 

gidi, ASax. gidig{?), giddy, Rob. Olowc 68, 3; gidie 
(pi.) owl and night. 291. 
gidihed giddiness, Fum. p. XIX, 13. 
i'gideliche giddily, owl and night 1280. 

gie(n), OFr. guler, guide, Ckauc. C. t. 1952; s. a. Wr. 
5; gied (pret.) vis. P. P. 1257. 

gigge? Olcel. gigja, UHGerm. gtge, gig; gigges (r. ic. 
twines) (pi.) Chauc. h. f. l'J42. 

gii (gill), O Tcel. gil (fiasura, fauces) f OHGerm. %i\ (her- 
nia)? gill, fauces, Flor. 1419; gillia (pi) Qaw. gloss.38i\ 
gilliis ant. Artk. XXXIII, 2 ; gille „branchia", prompt, 
parv. 194; Wr. voc. 222; gile Wicl. gloss. 20; giles (pi.) 
Mor. a. p. 3, 269; cmp. Swed. gal, Dan. gjselle. 

gil, Dvtch gijl, wort, ncelia"*, prompt, parv. 193. 

gildre (gilder), Olcel. gildra, gildri, gilder, mare, Hal- 
liw. diet. 399; met. horn. 69. 

gildren, Olcel. ^Ara,, catch in a snare; gilderd ('part^ 
pr. consc. pref. XI. 

gile, OZ>w(cA pie („ghile")Jioeri.rA.5r/oas.,OfV.g(u)i'(l)e, 
giiUe, Lot,. 16382*; a. r. 128; rel. ant. 1, 182; Wr. spec. 
49; Shorek. 164; «. s. Wr. 1346; fercey. 1035; see wile. 

gilen, ODutch gijlen Kil. diet., OFr. g(u)il(l)er, ywtie, 
deceive, a. r. 128; gile s, a. W>. 2637; ^lep rel. ant. 1, 
116; gilled ? (part) s. s. Wr. 989; compoa. bigileii. 

gille, Orr. gelle, jiW, hemiaa, prompt, parv. 194; i-ts, 
P. P. 3166. 

gilofre, Fn girofie, Gr. xapiio^uXXov, gitlifower, clove, 
a. r. 370; CAawc. r. r. 1368; Jl/or. a. p. 1, 43. 

gilte, ASax. gilte (acrofa), Olcel. gilhi (porca), ^i^* 
(yilt), young sow, prompt parv. 185, 

gin, Olcel. ginn (faliacia)? gin, contrivance, art, Katli. 
1980; Orm. 7087; a. a. H>. 2035; vis. P. P. 12582; ginne 
(dot.) c. oj I. 93; m. Arth. F. 3037; purh mine ginne 
(pi.?) L03. 18839; see engin. 

gin, ASax. (aii-)ginn, OSax. (aua-)giii, OHGerm. 
(atia^, bi-) gin, ginni; compos, bigin. 

gingelin jingle, prompt, parv. 195; gingle Ckaue. 
C. t 170. 

giugiver, Gr. OtT'P'P'!' ?'"?*''» Halliw. did,. 401; 
gingivere (tiai^ a. r. 370. 


ginaen S87 

gisnen, AScKt. ginnan, OSax. OFria. (bi-) OHOerm. 
(bi-, in-) Goti. (du-) ginnan, (be-) gin; giune (pres.) aacram. 
502; ginnest liek. 760; ginnep Chauc. C. t. 3020; (i, pu, 
he) gan (pret.) Orm. 2805; vix. P. P. 21; Chav^. C. t. 
303; of hevene he gan penche sone Fvm. p. IX, 173; 
aftur mete sehe can (r. gan) him telle Eglant. 520; goo 
(gan) Lar,. 27 ; gon c. of I. 209; (con) Hick. thee. 1, 226; 
(we, hi) gunnen La^. 24695; gunne k. of T. 1037; I»umb. 
448; (cunne) Eglam. 1106; gonnen via. P. P. 8568; gonne 
Chauc. C. t. 1660; gonnen (part.) Rob. Br. 167, 3; com- 
pos, a-, an-, biginnen. 

girle, cmp. LOerm. ffk (puer, puella), girl, child, Mor. 
a. p. 1,205; girles (pi.) Alis.2802; Wr. p. ». 337; gerles 
vis. p. p. 528; Ivd. Cov. 181; gurles Chauc. C. i. 666. 

gise, Fr. guise, guise, fashion, Chauc. C. t. 996; Mor. 
a. p. 1, 1098; see wise. 

giterne, from Gr. xidapo, guitar, HiW. gloss.; (dot.) 
via. P. P. 8493; Chauc. C. t. 3333. 

gtve? gyve; gives (pi) iaj. 15338; Octov. 222; wip 
feterea and wip gives Wr. p. s. 221. 

givegOve tnjle? givegOven (pi) a. r. 196. 

glad, ASax. gleed (ni^dua, laetus, comia), OSax. glad 
(laetua), OFria. gled (levia), Olcel. gladr (splendidus, lae- 
lua). OlIQerm. ginter (splendidus), glad, Orm. 2811; Brand. 
6; Fum. p. Ill, 34; gled Marh. 10; a. r. 282; rel. ant. 
1, 180; gladder (comp) Gow. conf. am. 2, 53; gladdest 
(mperl) Alia. 5261. 

gladhche^iarf/y.ia^. 22305; Furn. p. XIX, 145; gladlike 
Orm. 10463; gledliche a. r. 126; gladloker (comp) Gaw. 
gloaa.; gledluker a. r. 188. 
gladaum gladaome, Wicl.; gladsora lud. Cov. 16. 

glad, ASax. glted (hilaritas, gawdiumj Grein'a gloaa., 
joy, cheer; glade (dat) Tor. 1143; to speke to gider in 
glath Rob. Br. 192, 15. 
gledful a. r. 242. 

gladien, ASax. gladian, Olcel. glada, glad, gladden, 
La-T^. 31768; gladie Bek. 1204; gtaden Orm. 2180; gladen 
ChatU!. Troil. 2071; glade(n) vis. P. P. 5688 & 18247; 
glade Iw. 1440; Min. 20; glathe lud. Cov. 171; gledien 
a. r. 178; gledie fprcs^ Mark, fi; gladiep rel. ant. 1, 123; 
gladede (pret) Bob. Glouc. 265, 26; vis. P. P. 14267; 


SSe gladine 

Abraham ^our fadir gkdide pat he scbulde a& m? dal 
WicLJohnS; gladed (part.) WUl. gloss.; igl&dei Shorek. 1Z2. 

gladine, ASax. glsedene, gladen (gladdon), spurge- 
tvort? ffaUiw. diet. 

gl a ding joy, Wiclgloas.; c. of I. 841; gledunge a. r. 94. 

gladnesse, ASax. glsedness, gladness, prompt, parv. 
197; Wid. gloss.; gledoesse a. r. 94. 

giadshipe, ASax. glBedscipe, joy, Orm. 784; Wr. spec. 
38; gledschipe a. r. 180. 

glftire, Fr. glaire (album ovi), emp. ASax. glsere 
(aucdnum) and Olcd. gler (vilrum), glair, glare: glaire of 
an ei Chottc. C. t. 12734; pat glent as glaire Mor. a. p. 
1, 1025. 

glam, OTcel. glam, sound, cry, talk, Gaw. gloss.; Mor. 
a. p. 2, 499 & 849. 

glarin glare, nitere, prompt, parv. 198; glaring (part.) 
Chauc. C. t. 686. 

glas, ASax. glajs, OHQerm. glas, glass, Kath. 1676; 
Wr. spec. 31; Ckawe. C. t 702; Mor. a. p. 1, 989; gle8 
a. r. 164. 

glasen, ASax. glseaen, OHGerm. gleainer, glazen 
(glassen), vitreus: t glazene houve vis. P. P. 14269. 

glasen (glacin), Olcel. glseaa? glaze, make bright, 
prompt, parv. 197; glased ^prrf^ glanced, HaUito. diet. i03. 

glasi glassy, Lidg. m. p. 53. 

glaum? Oloel. glanmr, sound, noise, (nglaam") Alex. 
Stevens. 188. 

glaumen, Olcd. gleyma, make a noise, shout; glau- 
mande (part.) Gaw. gloss. 

glaver, Welsh glafr? talk, Alex. Stevens. 188. 

glaveren glaver, fiatter; glaverez (pres.) Mor. a. p. 
\, 687; wip glaveringe wordes cr. P. P. 102; glaveraade 
blustering? Gaw. gloss.; glaverande gomes m. Arth. H. 112. 

glede, ASax. glida, Olcel. gleda, glede (glead), „nw7- 
vus'*, Wr. !)oc. 188&220; Mor. a. p. 2, 1696; Octoy. 680; 
gfedea (pi) Mand. 309. 

glede, ASax. OFris. gl6d, ODutch gloed, Olcel. glM, 
OHGerm, gluot, Jrom glSwen, gleed, glowing coal, Gov), 
conf. am. I, 280; Chauc. C. t. 1999; Percev. 756; lavnA. 
452; m. Arth. F. 780; (gleede) vis. P. P. 903; Hoed. 
I, 159; gladen (pt) Luj. 18863; a. r. 122; gledes Orm. 
1067; met. horn. 133; utU. Arth. X, 1. 


glfim aS9 

glSm, ASase, glsem, gleam, ^lendor. Hick. thea. 1,227, 
JWor. a. p. 2, 918; Aud. 45; Juan mir. pi. 162; (gleem) 
Wr. spec. 57; gl€m, gleam AfarA. 9 & 12; gleam a. r. 94. 

glSmin gleam, splendere, prompt, parv. IftS; glemede 
(pi-et.) iVr. spec. 36; Flor. 379; gl^mande (paH.) Mor 
a. p. 1, 70; gleaminde Kath. 1668. 

g!ene(n), J^r.glener (glaner), glean, prompt, parv. 199 
Mor. a. p. 1, 954. 

gleiit glent, glance, Gaw. glosa.; glentez (pt.) Mor. a. 
p. 1, 1143. 

glenten glent, glance: [le wal of jasper pat ^eat (pret.) 
as glaire Mor. a. p. 1, 1025; gleves (gdivea) gletering 
glent opon geldene Bcheldus Deyrev. 279; when pe swird 
out glente Octav. 892; her eye glent a side Ckauc. Trail. 

gleo, ASax. gleov, gliv, glig, Olcel. glf, glee, gavdtum, 
Laz- 7006; K€Uh.lU; Mark. 3; a.r.210; Alis.l9l; gleu 
Mopes 347; met. kotn. 23; (glew) Bob. Br. 295, 6; gift 
„nnMM!a", prompt, parv. 200; gl6 Degrev. 34; hii jfive him 
aelver for is (Am) gl4 Rob. Glouc. 272, 18; gli („glie") 
Skorek. 103 ; glewe (dot.) Triet. I, 27. 
gleom&n glee-man, La^. 7004; Alis. 1152; glemon Wr. 
spec. 49, 

gleowien, ASax. gleovian, rejoice, sing, plag. Lot,. 
20315; glewen Mavea 340; glewe Wr. spec. 38; Triam. 
108; gleowede Jj>«(.J a. r. 368 ; gleowinde (jwrt^ Kaih..lQ82. 

glette, OFr. glete? slime, flth, Mor. a. p. 2, 306; glet 
(glette) pr. come. 459. 

gifiu, ASax.gleav, OSoar. glau, OifOeT-m. glawer, Ooth. 
glaggvus, Olcel. gloggr, sagacious, prudent, owl and night. 
193; rel.ant 1, 181 & 183; glaeuest (»M;peria(J Ln^. 16237. 

glideii, ASax. OSax. glidan, OFria. glida, MHQerm. 
gliten, glide, La^. 800; glide Alis. 2245; Shorek. 161 

Fum. p. HI, 10; glidez (pres.) Mor. a. p. 2, 325; glit 
c. of I. 1454; glad (pret.) La^. 15714; PerCCT. 2116; w- 
conac. pref. IX; glod Ckauc. C. t. 10707; Antad. Web. 

Gaw. gloas.; gliden ^03. 24753; glideii (part.) 
Ghauc. C. t. 9761. 

glider, _/rojM gliden, glidder, lubricus. 
glefiurli Balliic. diet. 404. 

glien (glien), Olcel. g]i& (splendere)? gly (gley), squint; 
gliande (part.) Wr. voc. 225. 


240 gliere 

gMers squinter, „straho", Wr.voc. 225-, prompt. parv. 199. 

gliffen? look, gaze? gliffed (pret.) Qaw. gloss. 385. 

gliften? gaxe, stare? gliftia (pres.) Halliw. diet. 404; 
glifte (pret.) Gaw. gloss.; Mor. a. p. 2, 849; compos. 

gli3teni' look, shine; gli^t (ptet.) Qaw. gloss.; Mor. 
a. ^. 1, 114 & 3, 453. 

glim? MHOerm. glim? splendor; glimme (dat) Mor. 
a. p. I, 1087. 

glimerin, Dan. glimre, Swed. glimra, Germ, glim ern, 
glintmer, shine, prompt, parv. 199; glimeraiid (part.) Will, 
gloss.; glemiring Tor. 427. 

glisien, ASax. glisian, OFr. glisa, shine; gliseden 
(ms. cliseden) (pret.) La^. 21725; glised Horn ch. 173. 

glisnien, ASax. glisnian, shine; glissenedei' (pret) 
jtoj, 21725*; glisnande (part) Mor. a. p. I, 165; glis- 
ninge Wicl. gloss. 

glissien? ASax. glissian? look; glisset (pret) ant. 
Arth. XXV III, 5, 

glisten shiaie, look; gliste (pret) Flor. 1659; glistinde 
{pan) Kath. 1668; Marh. 12. 

glistnen glisten; glistnede (pret) Marh. 9; IVr. 
spec. 36. 

glistren, ODutch glistsren, glister, shine ; glister (pres) 
Gaw. gloss.; glistred (pret.) Goto. conf. am. 2, 252; glis- 
tering (part) Em. 350. 

gliteren, Olcel. gUtra, glitter, fpres) Chauc. C. t. 
979; (glitteren) Wicl. gloss.; gliterand (part.) ps. 44, 14; 
glitering Degrev. 1839, 

gloden, ASax. gladeii, gloden (caltha), gloden, „helio- 
tropium,", Wr. voc. 140. 

gloyere, from gloweii, „strabo", prompt, parv. 199. 

glomen (glombe), LGerm. glumen {gliscere), glum 
{gUmm), gloar, Chauc. r. r. 4356; gloumbes (pres.) Mor. 
a p. 3,94; gloiaeAe {pret.) r,gleamed, glowed", Oaw. gloss.; 
and glommede als he w6re wrltp Halliw, diet. 404. 

glopen? for glilpen (cm broken /or brUken)? ODntch 
gloepen, gluipen, glQpen (observare, insldiari), OFris. 
glflpa (insidiose speetare)? glop (glovp), gase, stare; gloped ■ 
(pret.) Mor. a. p. 2, 849. 

gl6pnen{glopnen?), Olcel. g\iipnR {operraskes), gloppen, 
gaze, startle, o.r,212*; (glopine) Hn/iiiP. (/^W. 405; gloppen 


glorea 241 

Cprea.) ant. Artk. VIZ, 13; glopned (pret) m. Arth. H. 
90; compos, a-, forglopnen. 

gloren, ODutcJi gloeren, glflien, gluiren (nictare), 
LGerm. glOren (candere), gloor (gloar, gloar); glorede 
(pret.) m. Arth. H. 90. 

gl 8 e(n) Aoze, fiatter, Wid. gloss. ; glosed (preL) W'31. 
ffloss.; Bob. Br. 34, 10. 

glouten glout, gloat; gloxitid (prrt.) Rich. 4771; glout- 
inge (part.) Skorek. 97. 

glove, ASax. glfif, glofa? Olcd. glofi, glove, prompt, 
parv. 200; Lidg. m. p. 110; (acc.) Goto. eonf. am, 2,370; 
glflyen (pi.) a. r. 420; gloven (gloves) £03. 26081; gloves 
ant. Arth. XXXI, 3. 

glowin, Olcd. gl6a (candere, aplendere), OHGerm. 
gluo(je)n (candere), ghm, prompt, parv. 200 j glowe vis. 
P. P. 11811; pr. oonsc. 7360; glowes „looks", Dan. gloer, 
Gaw. gloss.; g\6mA(pret) s. s. Wr. 2688; gloet ant. Arth. 
X, 1; gloweden Chaua. C. t. 2134; glowende (part) Orm. 
1067; glowinge Marg. 214. 

glubben, gluppen? cmp, ODutch gulpen, goIpen,^p, 
swallow; iglubbed (part.) vis. P. P. 3165. 

glopping gulping, cr. P. P. 184. 

gluccheQ glutch, swaUow; glucches (pres) a. r. 240*; 
see gulch en. 

glut glut, slime, JBih, cr. P. P. 133. 

gluternesse, cmp. Olcel. glutr (odselhed, overdaadig- 
ked), gluttony f Orm. 11663. 

gnacchin, cmp. 2Jan. gnaske, knaske, Dutch knaachen, 
gnash, prompt, parv. 200; gnaccheii (pres) rd. ant. 1,240. 

gnappenP ODutch knappen? gnaw? gnapped (pret.) 
Halliw. diet. 405. 

gnarre (ngnare") =s cnarre? nsnare^f Wicl. gloss. 

gn&st, ASaa;. gn&st, Olcel. gneisti, OHOerm. gneisto, 
spark, scintilla, Wid. glosi. 20 ; gnftst (kn&at), gnaist 
prompt, parv. 278. 

gn&sten (gnAstin) gnash, r^remere, stridere", prompt, 
parv. 200', Wid. gloss. 20; gnaiete j>r. consc. 7338; gii&sten 
(pres) apol. 93; gn&st(e) (pret.) Town. myst. 807 ; gnaisted 
ps. 2, 1 ; Bob. Br. M. 8, 809. 

gnat, A8ax. gofet, gncA, Chauc. C. t. 6929; gnet a. 
r. 8; gnit? rd. ant. 1, 86. 

gnawen, ASax. gnagan, OHQemu gnagan [iiagan], 


OleeL gnaga [nftga], maw; gawia (knawin) prompLpam. 
200 & 278; gnawe Sob. Olouo. 404, 11; Chaue. TroH. 
6990; pr. amae. 6908; gna3{e)8t (prea.) Shorek. 97; gnawe 
(ttibj.) met hom. 142; gnogh (pret) HaUiw. diet 406; 
gn&w Rick. 6074; gnoweu Wicl. glota.; goowe (siuhj.) Rob. 
Gtouc. S39, 6; gnawen (pari.) pr. consc. 864; ignawe 
Sick. thea. 1, 227; compos, for-, tognawen. 

gnSde, ASaa. gnead, %a^5im,aparing, wanting, rd.a^. 
1, 120; Percev. 607 & 762; Degree. 1159; fprinterf gufide) 
Trnt III, 49. 
gnMebcbe, jlSoir. gnidelioe, sparingly, a. r. 202. 

gQ4de(a) need, watdf Havd. 97; ctnuf. of maa. 670. 

golden, J^ofC. gnidan, 02f derm, (^tan, nt£, a. r. 238; 
gstde (printed gnyde) rd. ant. I, 175; gniden (pret) 
a. r. 360. 

gBof? miaerf Chauc. C. t 8188. 

gnnddeii ruh, a. r. 238*; gaoddfi (pres. imper.J Hallivf. 
did, 406; gauAdeden (pret.) a. r. 260*; and moni knight 
wip dgpes wounde gnodded (printed gaodded) gras on pe 
grounde AHa. 2374. 

god, ASax. OSaa. OFrit. god, OHGerm. got, Olcd. 
god, gud, Ootk. gup, god, Bek. 2 ; godes (gai.) ekrmt. Engl. 
630; (pi) Katk. 53. 
godcund divine, Orm. 6873. 
godcundnesse divine natwre, Kath. 986. 
goddohter (-^vter) goddaughter, prompt, parv. 201. 
godfader godfather, Skoreh. 69. 
godhed godhead, de^, a. r. 390; ifanti 144. 
godmudir godmother, prompt parv. 201, 
godsib goaaip, P. P. p. 61S; gossib Chauc. C. t 5825. 
godsibrEde goaaipred, Shoreh. 69; ^asiprsde Lidg.m.p. 36. 
god^wl goapel, Bek. 1072; ■met. hom. 5; or. P. P. 512; 
gwpel Chauc. C. t 48S. 

godspellflre evagigdiet, a. r. 94*; nut. hem. 47; gospellere 
CAowc. r. r. 6887. 

godsone godaon, Wr. voc. 214; godaime, godsone, gossone 
prompt, parv. 20 X; godsone Brand. 2. 

gfid, ^Sar. OSaa:. Oi^m. god, Ootk. gods, O/oetgodr, 
OSGerm. guoter, good, £03. 1782; ^eJk. 1; (good) Mand. 
56; gfid lawwb. 177; iftn. 9; ^. conac. 80; guod jlmts 
16; pe gode child Bek. 119; pe gode manneB Orm, 1469; 
g6d0 mea 3054; is alle gMe didat 26S2; & g&d« knave 

g6d 248 

Percev. 216; te (to) godre (dat. jem.) heale w6re je ^Ter 

iboren a. r. 194; godne (acc. mate.) owl and night. 810; 

Shorek. 135; have nou godne dai Som 731; Wr. an. /tit. 

6; pet god (aubat.) a. r. 248; Trat dostu (doe$t tAou) godes 

owl and night. 563; wip heore catel and beore gode troru- 

a(^. 18, 24. 

goddede (/oo(i lieai, o, r. 150. 

gddhsd, 6^erm. giltheit, bonitaa, Alia. 7060; i^or. 1682; 

gadhed rel. ant 1, 209. 

godleic, Olcel. godleikr, - ^t(a«, a. r. I36j gSdle^c Orm. 

1768; godleic, g8dl5c JtatA. 290 & 899; godlSc Marh.lO; 

Wr. an. lit. 8. 

goAilch goodly, Mor. a. p. 2,753; godli Jpom.75; gouplich 

Wr. an. lit. 2 ; godliche (dat.) La'^. 6159; golike ( = g6d- 

llke? cmp. Olcel. gollgr bonua, praestans, OSOerm. guol- 

hcher glorioaus) tfln Orm. 15662; godhche (adv.) Degrev. 

675; goodhche c. of I. 1396; god-, god-, gfidllcte iaj. 

99, 10761 & 18857. 

god (goud), ASax. g&d? goad, nSlimulua", rel. ant. 1, 
86; gode Wr. voc. 89; (dat.) cr. F. P. 862; goode Wicl. 

goden, A8ax. godian, beneJU, improve, Orm. 10666; 
jgoded (part) a. r. 386. 

godnesse, ASax. godness, goodness, Orm. 2109; (dat) 
La^. 6897; tramact 18, 28; gddnes pr. conac. 13i. 

goodschipe (-scliupe) honitaa, c of I. 603. 

gogilSyid goggle-eyed, prompt, parv. 201 ; gogilljed Wtd. 

gok, ASax. geac, Olcd. gaukr, OHGerm. gauh, gouh 
(cacvlua, atvlhia), gowk (gawk), cuckoo, fool, rel. ant. 1,291; 
gouk SaUiw. diet. 389; aee ;^6k. 

g6ki go^Dky (gaioky), fool, via. P. P. 7186. 

gol, Olcel. golr, gulr, ode, flavua; guile? (pD HaUiw. 
diet. 424 ; gollis (svbst plj guUs, young birds, Wicl. gloss. 
golsoght, Dan. Stped, gnlsot, jaundice, Htdliw. diet. 409 ; 
gouils'ought „glav.ciyma", Wr. voc. 224. 

gold, ASaa. OSax. OHGerm. gold, Goth, gulp, OTeel. 
gull, gold, La'T,. 4779; Hardw. poem 9; golde (dot.) Wr. 
spec. 38; guide Iw, 888. 
goldMi gold-coloured, La^. 31406. 
giddfinch goldfnch, Alit. 783. 


244 goldin 

goldhord gold-hoard, Mark. 17. 
goldriug gold-ring, Z03. 24600. 
goldsinip gdldamith, prompt, parv. 202. 

golditt golden, Eglam. 860; see gulden. 

golf, Olcel. golf, gdf (goaf), floor, prompt, parv. 202. 

gom? Dutch goom, OiceZ. gaumr? ace. gaum, OHGerm. 
gauma, gouma, gaum, heed, care, (ace) Orm. 916; gdme 
(ace.) rel.songa V, 18; Halliw. diet. 409; nime gome Bob. 
Qloac. 38, 4; aee ^fime. 

gflme, ASax. gbm& (palatum), OHGerm. guomo, Olcd. 
gdmr, goom (gum), ngingiva", prompt, paro. 202 ; Wr. voc. 
245; gomes (pi) rel. ant. 2, 78; see gime. 

gore (gor?), ASax. Olcel. OHGerm. gor, gor (gore), 
dirt, „limu8", prompt, parv. 203; Mor. a. p. 2,306; libeaua 
disc. 1471. 

gorst, ASax. gorat, gorse, prompt, parv. 204*; WieL 
glw. 21; gorstez (pi) Mor. a. p. 2, 534, 

goa, ASaa^ gds, Olcel. gds, OHGerm. gans, goose, rel. 
ant. I, 217; (goes) Mand. 49; gSs (jj^ a. r. 128; (gees) 
ifajiJ. 49; Lidg. m. p. 118. 
goaei cr. P. P. 447. 
gflshauc Alis. 483; Lw^j. m. p. 152. 

gossomer gossamer, prompt, parv. 205; Chauc. C. t. 
10573; iti^. m. ^. 46. 

got, OHGerm. goz, frmn ^eoten, fusio; compos, ingot. 

gote, ODutch gote (canalis), gate (gut), channel, water- 
course, prompt, parv. 205; gotez (pi) Mor. a. p. 1, 607. 

gopelen. Germ, godeln, gudeln Staid, schw. tdiot 1, 
488, nimble: hise guttea bigonne to gopelen vis. P. P. 
3167; 6. slab of Ire pat gldwinge a fdre wire, in water 
hit wolde gopeli loude Wr. treat. 135. 

goule(n), Olcel. gaula,(?owZ, yowl, howl, pr_ consc. 477; 
gaule Halliw. diet. 395; goule (imper.) Wicl. gloss. 

gowen, Olcel. g& (ohservare, attmdere, curare)? look; 
pu gowest (pres) Orm. 12233; gous? ant. Artk. X, 11. 

grace, Fr. grace, grace, Bek. 421, 

grfflfe? ASax. grsefe (cove)f Bout. ev. 50, ditch, pitf 
grSve (dat) Lidg. m. p. 57; greiveAwMf. 107; grsefes 
(pi) Orm. 92 10 J greaves X03. 31881; see grgve. 

grsenen, ODutch graenen? prepare? heo grsBneden 
(greinede) beore stSden Laj. 23909. 

graf (grave), ASax. grse^ Oi'Vis, gref, OSax. graf, 


gr&fe 246 

OHGerm. grab, grave, „sepulorU7n, Wr. voc. 231 & 249; 
Wid. John 19; grafe (dot) Mar. mir. pi. 150. 

grife, OHGerm. grAvo, OFris. grdva, Olcel. greifi, 
jropfi (greave), provost, steward, r,vHlicus, praepositus", Wr. 
voc. 211; his bidel & his gre^fe Orm. 18366. 

grai, ASax. grseg, OFris. gre, Olcel. gr&r, OLhUch 
grauw, OHGerm. grawer, jray (grey), Wr. spec. 34; grai, 
gr4 Wirt. Aom, 42 ; grei prompt, parv. 209 ; grei as glas 
CAaitc. C (. 152; hia greie vel owl and night. 832; grese 
fdai^ a. r. 12; greise fji^ Shoreh. 146; grai fsw6s(^ a 
sort of fur, MHQerm. grfi, fltcfc (Aes. I, 224*; U heau* 
disc. 839; grei via. P. P. 10065; gro Launf. 237; in gro 
ant in gris Wr. spec. 2 6 ; grei gray^ badger (cmp. Fr. 
grisard), prompt, parv. 209; grfi devU (see Grimm's mytkot. 
945), Mark. 6. 

? graibond, ASaa;. grstghund ? cmp. Olcel. greyhundr, gray- 
kaund, a. a. Web. 698; greihound Triam. 473; greahund 
a. r. 332; grShoiiad prompt, parv. 209; i^w^. m. p. 29; 
grewhond s. a. Wr. 738. 

gra3en, OHGerm. grawen, become gray; grayes Gaio. 

gram, ASax. gram, grom, OSax. gram, Olcel. gramr, 
OHGerm. gramer, angry, furious, Havel. 214; 3h6 warp 
Bone gram & gril jsen santjohao Orm.l9e59; bltpe 6per 
grom owl and night. 990; grame (pi) Amia 2iri; mid 
grame wordes £03, 24774; gramest (superlat.) Qaio. gloaa. 
gramcund angry, Orm. 1545. 

grame, ASax. grama, vexation, anger, Ckauc. C. t. 
13331; Wr. p. a. 199; Mor. a. p. 3, 53; Min. 18; Degrev. 
1372; Triam. 1223; Tor. 2029; grame, grome £03. 1435 
& 3745; owl and night 1088 & 1482; grome iTatfc. 1363 ; 
Marh. 17; aee greme, 
gromelich grievous, Marh. 9. 

gramien, ASax. Goth, gramiau, vex, anger; gromien 
(gramie) La^, 25216; grame lud. Gov. 27; Aud. 77; gro- 
me3 (pres) Mark. 17; gromede ("prrt^ .ffo^. 2106*; igramed 
(part) owl and night. 1601; comjXM. agramien ; seegremieu. 

grfl.Q, /r(M» *grinen, OBGerm. gtlnan (mutire, gannireff 
groan; grfln Mapes 343; gr&nes (pi) Gaw. gloaa. 

gr Anien (groiiie), ASax. gr&nian (murmurare, gemere), 
Olcel. greina (dicere, proferre)? groan, iaj. 25557; gr&ne 
HaUiw. diet. 414; graine Gaw. glo^.; gronye Fum. p. 

246 gr6iimg 

XVII, 680; grfinen a. r. 326; grflne Aarrow. 80; grSnede 
(pret.) U heauB disc. 476; grftrDaud (part.) pr. consc. 798. 

gr6ning,A8ax. grknung, groaning, ant. Arik. XXVI, 2. 

granten, OFr. granter, grant; grantede (pret.) La^- 
4789*; Bek. 650. 

gr&p, A8ax. gr&p, from grtpea, grasp; grapes (pi.) 
Kath. B65. 

grape, Fr. gr&ppe, grape, „uva'*, FTr. wc. 240; grapes 
(pi.) Brand. 19; Mand. 219. 

gr&pien, ASax. gt&pi&n, 0/cei. greipa, OHGerm. grei- 
foa,grope; gr£pe jss. 113, 7'; grope AUs. 1957; tug. P.P. 
8722; CXatM. 0. (. 646; Flar. 1633; (heo) gropieS ( prea.J 
a. r. 378; (hi) grSpiep Shoreh. 125; grApede (gropede) 
{pret.) La-T,. 30269; gr&ped (paH.) pr. come. 6566. 

gras, ASax. gries, gsera, OSax. Olcel. Ootfi. OHGerm. 
gras, OFria. gers, jroas, La^, 16414; Wr. treat. 137 ; Gow. 
conf. am. 1, 152; gres prompt, paro. 210 ; Rob. Br. 336, 4; 
Pereev. 1192; girs Gato. jiow. 384; geases (pi.) Wr, spec. 
114; greses Orm. 8193. 
greahoppe cicada, locusta, Wr. voc. 166; Own. 9224. 

gra8e(ii), ASax. grasian (?), graze, Lidg. m. p. 121 
greBin prompt, parv. 210. 

graspen, LGerm. grapsen, grasp, Wicl. glosa. 21 
graspid (pret) Flor. 678. 

graven, A8ax. grafan, Olcel. grafa, Goth. OHOerm. 
graban, grave, fodere, Lai,. 9960; gravin prompUparv. 208; 
grave Chauc. C. t 8557; grof (pret) ps. 7, 16*; graven 
leptdtus, via. P. P. 6709; Mand. 93; Mor. a. p. 2, 1332 
igraven Laj. 7636; compos, bigraven. 

great, A8ax. great, OFria. grfl.t, OSikb. grot, OHGerm. 
grozer, j«of, Alia. 935; cr. P. P. 106; greet Orm. 2479; 
gr^t Tor. 128; gr^t wip childe k. of T. 531; greit.^»KK;. 
Web. 124; greate pine Bet. 11; greate (pi) a. r. 194; 
gr£te lordes Mand. 13; raid grasten (dai. m) kae huie 
La^. 27831 ; mid greatere (dat. f) heorta 569 ; moni greatne 
(ace. m) dunt 2284; gretture (compar) a. r. 194; grettere 
owl and night. 74; gretter Mand. 2; grattur ant. Arth. 
XII,4; gi:ette6t(auperl.)Brand.2; Chauc. C. t. 120; grfiste 
a. r. 66. 
grfitbche jreofly, WHLgloa*.; grStluker (compor^ a. r. 426. 

great en, ASax. greatian, beo&me great, a. r. 128; 
greti Boh. Glouc. 68, 17; gretep (pres) Alia. 464. 


grdde S4r 

gr€de, ASatc. greada (grenium), lap, i. a. W^. 1802; [» 
coppe he putte under his gr6de Alia. 4187. 

gredel, WeUh greidell, Ir. greideal, griddle, gridiron, 
HcUUk. diet. 415; /. c. c. 13; gredil a. r. 122. 

grSden, ASaX. gr^dan (elamarc), Goth, grfidon (nei- 
vjiv)? cry, coZi, a. »-. 236; vie. P. P. 1029; grfide B«fc. 
129; grede ant gr6ne harrow. 80; crie and grSde Fum, 
P- I, 32 ; ful loude gonne thel blowe and gr^e m. Arth. 
F. 791; wipe and gr^de lud. Gov. 361; grSdep (praj 
Alts. 142; alle p6 pat to me grfida Wr. spec. 82; grfide 
(imperat.) Hoed. VI, 36 ; grcedde (grAdde) (pret.) La^. 
8634; grMde a. n 244; ZTorn 1202; grfidde Alia. 1067; 
grSdden, grftdden Shoreh. 84 & 86; compos. blffT^eu. 

gredi^, ASacc. greedig, OSaos. gr&dag, Ooth grSdaga, 
Olcd. gr&dugr, OHGerm. gr&tager, graedy, Orm. 10217; 
grfedi „avidwa^, prompt, pare. 209; Fum. p. VIII. 138) 
grfidie (^.) a. r. 324; grSdiuTe (compar.) 416. 
grSdi3le3C avidUaa, Orm. 8994. 
grddibche greedily, a. r. 240*. 

gr^di3ne88e, ASaga. graedigneaa, greediness, Orm. 
4522; gr€dinesse a. r. 416. 

greid, Olcel. greidr, ready; graip met. horn. 99; avow. 
Arth. XXXVI, 8; pe graipe gate vis. P. P. 870; greide 
(pi.) a. r. 16; graipeat (superl.) Min. 18. 
grajpliche graidly, readily, cr. P. P. 1054; greipli WiU. 
gloss.; graipli met. hom. 44; Percet). 491. 

greipen, Olcel. greida, graith, prepare, Alia. 170; 
grejpen Onn. 98; grseiden (greipi) La^. 8058; greipe 
Mapea 334; greided (pres.) a. r. 236; graithes m. Arth. 
F. 2530; greidede (pret.) La^. 1097; £e;t. 931; graiped 
Percev. 123; igreiped (part) Wr. spec. 48; igreidet Kath. 
1993; comjfos. agreipeo. 

greme, 0/c5. OHGerm. gremi, ofH^^r, iwotA, Goto, 
gloss.; Mor. a. p. 2, 947; see grame. 

gremien, ASax. gremian, Olcd. gremja, OHGerm. 
gramen, vex, irritate, Mark. 12; gremen Mor. a. p. 2, 
1347; greme Havel. 442; gremed (pres) a. r. 334; gre- 
mede (pret) Wr. spec. 36; gremed nirritavit", ps. 9, 25; 
see gramien. 

gT&ae,ASax. OFris. gr^ne, Olcel. groeim, OSax. groni, 
OHGerm. gnioner, green, BoJ. OUuc 362, 9; Wr. spec. 
90; Alts. 638; Mand. 54; (greene) CAdwc. C. *. 9911: pe 


348 grfinin 

woundes gr&ae cof I. 143S; grenner (compar.J Brand. 15. 
grdithEd viriditaa, ret. ant. 2, 84. 

grfinin, A8ax. grfinian, green, virescere, prompt, para. 
210; grfined (pret.) a. r. 160. 

grennin, ASaas. erennian (ringi), OMOerm. grennan, 
(mutire) f Olcel. grenja (fremere, atrepere) f grin, „ringi**, 
prompt, parv. 210; grennen a. r. 212; grenne pa. 36, 12; 
grenne aad berke Mia. 1935; non per laj ne gren Aud. 
49; ^nneden (pret.) La^. 29550; grenede Bek. 987; pe 
teep grennand Mich. 8406. 

grennuDge rictus, a. r. 213. 

greeeli, LOerm. grealik, MBGerm. griusllch? horrible, Mar. 
mir. pi. 34 J grfisli Wtllgloaa.; Ealliw. diet. 404. 

greot, ^iSair. greot, 08ax. Olcel. ^rioi, OHOerm. grioz, 
gravel, a. r. 70; P. P. p. 541; greet Wid. gloaa. 21; ret. 
anU 2, 81; grfit? Trist. Ill, 21. 

grSs grease, Ckauc G. t. 135; grees Wid. gloaa. 

grfit, Cro(A. gr^ta, Olcel. grktr, Jletus; grete (tiai^ Jtfar. 
mw-. pi. 150; on(. .drtA. XZF, 12. 

grfiten, ASax. grsetan, (3o(A, grStan, Olcel. grita, 
greet, weep, Havel. 164; (grfitin) prompt parv. 210; grete 
Triat I, 67; Mor. a. p. 1, 331; pr. conac. 7099; (greete) 
DM. P. P. 3245; gr^te and grone Mar. mir. pi. 152; grfite 
(prea.) atU. Arth. VII, 13; grgten Wr. an. lit. 11; gr§tand 
(part.) Eoh. Br. 165, 4; gr^t (pret.)met. horn. 18; lawtih. 
815; grSte f'part^ Halliw. diet. 417; S^iam. 926. 

grSten, ASax. gretan (aUoqai, invocare, ciere, aalutare), 
OFria. grStii (provocare, appellare), OSax. grotian (alloqui), 
OHGerm. gruozan (provocare, mere, salutare), greet, salute, 
Kath. 2303; Orm. 2805; via. P. P. 3159; (grfeti n) ^rom^rf. 
parv. 211; grSte Mar. mir. pi. 152 ; greete (griete) Ckauc. 
C. t. 8890; grated (imper) a. r. 430; gr^tte (pret) Laj. 
133; Bek. 452; Horn 788; m. P. P. 6050; iou«/. 262; 
grfitten Alia. 5696; cotii^km. igrSten. 

grdtunge greeting, a. r. 250; grSting BeJc. 1288. 

grfive? greave, luoasf Will, gloaa.; Gaw. glosa.; (dot.) 
Chaitc. Troii. 7514; Afor. a. p. 1, 320; graves (pi.) Tritt. 
I, 2; Goto. conf. am. 2, 261; CAouc. C t 1497; li beaui 
disc 551; pe gr^Tes graye Percev. 172; pe grSne grfivea 
ojK. -irtA. 7, 8; of grfiTis and of gillus XXXIII, 2; 
aM gnefe. 

i:,, Google 

grSven 249 

gr§ve(n), OFr. grever. Lot. gravare, grieve, molest, in- 
jure, Mand. 11; grevi Bek. 1522; grSve (pres. subj.) a. r, 
422; via. P. P. 11590. 

grtllch, omp. OHOertn. grAlich, MHGerm, griulich, horrible, 
HaLLiw. diet. 418. 

grlen, cmp. OHOerm. grUen, gry, feel horror f grled 
(pret.) „tretnhled", Gaw. gloss. 

gridire gridiron, Fum. p. XV, 204; gredireD Wicl. gloss. 

griging, cmp. Dan. grye aitd Dutch krieken (dawn), 
dawning, Halliw. did. 418; griking (griging) ps. 77, 34. 

gril, MHGerm. grel, harak, rough, sharp, prompt. pOrv. 
212; Orm. 7145; Amis 1275; grille Rob. Br. 92, 16; 
grille (pi.) Chauc. r. r. 73; woundes . . , grille Wr. spec. 
91; gr6iie3 full grille ant. Artk. XLVIII, 9. 

grille(n), ASax. grillan, grellan (provocare), Dutch 
grillen (horrere), provoke, afflict, „torment", Gaw. gloss.; 
saaram. 786; pi bidding, lord, i shall fulfill(e) and never 
more pe greeve ne grill(e) Mar. mir. pi. i ; pat (hoc) mi 
hert(e) grillus ant. Arth. XXXIII, 6 ; so gretli can (r. gan) 
he grille (he afraid) erl of T. 1 65 ; me grulled I am afraid, 
a. r. 366; compos, agrullen. 

grim, ASax. OSax. grimm (grim), Olcel. grimmr, 
OHGerm. grimmer, grim, fierce, furious, „austerus, horri' 
dus", prompt, pare. 212; gr.30; Alis.75i; iip.2183; Bob. 
Br. 192, 6; pr. consc.2250; k grim word a. r. 100; grim 
and wr6p s. s. Web. 818; grimme wundes Onn. 1443; 
grimmest (auperlat) a. r. 202. 

grimli grimly: pe grimti gost Wr. spec. Ill; grimlicbe 
(adv) £03. 1914; a. r. 104; owl and night. 1330; grim- 
lokest (superlat) ant. Arlh. VIII, 8. 

grimnesae, ASax. grimness, grimness, „aKsterita3'*, 
prompt, pans. 

grin, ASax. grin, gryn, grin, snare; gren dep. of Rich. 
14, 9; grone a. r. 278; grine (dot) owl and night. 1057; 
grune Marh. 3; gronen (grunen) (pi) a. r. 278; grines, 
grenes, granea Wicl. gloss. 

grind? ASax. (ge-)grind (fragorjf 
gnndsUSn grind-, grinding-stone, a. r. 332 ; Wid. gloss. 

grindel, ASax, grindel (obex, vectis)f 
grindelstsn grindle-, grtTidstone, Gaw. gloss. 


250 grindel 

grindel angry, wroth, Oaw. gloat.; Mor. a. p. 3, 524. 
grindellaik anger, Gaw. gloat. 
grindelli angrily, ibid. 

grinden, ASax. grindan, (frendere, terete), ODutch 
griaden(fjenderef kirrire)f grind, a. r. 7 i);grindin prompt. 
parv. 212; grinde Mor. a. p. I, 81; grinde (prea.J Chauc. 
C. t. 13953; grindest Orm.1486; grond (pret.) ncontrioit", 
Wid. exod. 32, 20; grunde (aubj.) a. r. 70; gninden (part) 
Iw. 676; groiuidea Wr. voc 155; groundia L c c. 30; 
compot. igriaden. 

grindere grinder; grinderis (pi.) Wid. gloat. 

grinnen (grin), ODutch grinnen, grin (gim), pr, conae, 
222&;gape ana grin Town, my at. 53; (i)gime<ianagiiftst 307. 

grip, ASax. gripe, MIIGerm. grif, grip, gripe, Qaw. 
gloss.; gripen (dat. pi.) La-^. 15273. 

grip, Olad. gripr, OHGerm. grif, „gryphua, raftwr", 
prompt, parv. 212; Brand. 20; Alia. 6345; Octov. 447; 
gripes (pi) La^. 28062. 

gripe? ASaa:. gr6p6? gripe, trench, ditch, prompt parv. 
218*; tee grippe. 

grtpeo, ASax. OSax. gripan, OFria. Oleel. gripa, 
Goth, greipan, OHGerm. grifen, gripe, rel. ant. l, 174; 
rel. aonga F, 76; gripin prompt, parv. 213; gripe Rich. 
4471; grtpep (pres) via. P. P. 11772; gripea (imper) 
nadprehendite", pa. 2, 12; greep (pret.J La^. 8440; gr&p 
Orm. 8125; gnire grip euch mon Kath. 1994; grSp? 
Halliw. diet. 416; grepen BtcA. 5070; gripen (part) „aon- 
prehentut", pa. 9, 16; compoa. bi-, igripen; deriv. grip. 

gripel gripple, covetom, Laj. 7336. 

grippe, ODutch grippe (auicua), grip, tretuA, ditch, 
prompt, parv. 212; tee gripe. 

grippel, LQerm. griippel (auicua) SehHtse'a liolat. idiot, 
trench, ditch, prompt, parv. 212. 

g r i p p e n , MHOerm. gripfen, grip, seiee ; grippest (prea.) 
Hartah. met. t. 118; gripte (pret) WHL gloaa. ; Bob. Glouc. 
22, 19; griped (paH.) via. P. P. 1721. 

grls, OSax. OFria. MHGerm. gris (canua), a aort of 
Jur, Wr. apec. 26; via. P. P. 10065; gris and groiawn/ 
237; gris and grai li beaua ditc. 839. 

grls, Olcel. griss, grise, pig, porcellua, prompt parv. 
211; rel ant. 2, 79; a. r. 204*; vis. P. P. 2183; avow. 
Artk. II, 16; I. c. c. 55. 


giise 201 

griae? omp. MHGerm. griuae, grfise, horror f 
grise-, grisful horrible, WicL gloss.; grisful Fum, p. 7,33; 
Chauc. C. t. 1540. 

grise horrible, li beans disc. 597: pr. consc. pre/. X. 
grishch (griahch?), ASax. gria-, grjahc? OFria. grlslik, 
ODutch grijselik, grisly, horrible, Katk. 2320*; a. r. 190; 
owl and night 224; s. s. Weh. 756; k. of T. 168; grise- 
bcli, grlsli Alis. 684 4 6717 ; grisli^ Orm. 3842; grisli Mor. 
a. p. 2, 1634; grisli, griseli pr. consc. 1404 &, 1757; gris- 
llche(Ww^ a. r. 118; Rob. Glouc. 24,21; cr. P. P. 1166; 
grisllkere (compar.) Furn. p. XVII, 357; grisllkeste (su- 
perlat.) XVII, 353; tee grdsli. 
grislines grislinesa, pr. consc. 2310; griselinesse Wicl. gloss. 

g T ia e n , ASax. (a-)gri8an (horrere), ODutch grijsen 
(Jrendere, ringijf cmp. ASax. (be-)gre08an, MHGerm. 
grOseo, and see Gr. gram. 1,371 (3d ed.), grise? be afraid, 
feel horror, rel. aiit. 1, 130; grise transcict. 18, 26; met, 
hom. 23; Lidg. m. p. 113; Mar. mir. pi. 177; t6 make 
pe haipin kingis to griae s. s. Wr. 2674; me giises (v. r. 
gnilled) a. r. 366*; pet ou grise (v. r. uggi) wid hflm 
92*; groa (pret.) Halliw. diet. 420; griaiden? Wid. gloss. 
21; compos, agriaen. 

grlai? cmp. OHGerm. griusiger (horribilis). 
grisillch horrible. Will, gloss. 
grisines horror, Wicl. gloss. 

grisung, ODutch gnjainge (rictus) f horror, a. r. 190*; 
grlsing Wicl. gloss. 

grist, ASax. OSax. grist (frendor, molihi/ra), grist, 
hruisef Mor. a. p. 1, 465, 
griatbat gnashing, Lai,. 5189. 
gristbatien gnash; grisbatede (prbt.) a. r. 326. 

^visiiX, ASax. OFris. gnstel, gristle, „cartilago", prompt. 
parv. 213; Wr. voc. 179. 

grid, ASax. Olcel. grid, peace, quiet, security, La^. 
1416; a. r. 174; grip rel. ant. 1, 172; c. of I. 702; grip 
& frip Orm. 3380; grith ant. Arth. V, 7; griht (r. w. 
wiht = with) harrow. 124. 
gripbruche owl and night. 1732. 
gridful a. r. 406. 
gridliche peaceably, La-r,. 121. 

gridien, ASax. gridian, make peace, Lar,. 5551. 

grom, Olcel. gromr (homuncio), groom, young www, 


252 gromil 

Bek. 148; Horn 971; vii. P. P. 3221; Wr. p. s. 218; 
moni knight and grom Alis. 1150; gromes (pi.) a. r. 
422; owl and nigfU. lllS ; gromene (oen. pi) Wr. p. 5,238, 

gromil, Fr. gremil, gr<ymwdl, Wr. spec. 27. 

grope, groupe, OFris. grope, ODutck groepe, groop, 
channel, trench, prompL pare. 216. 

gropen, groupin, mtJce a groop Jsc, prompt, parv. 216, 

grot, ASax. grot, particle, atom, a. r. 260; Chaue. 
C. t. 6874. 

grot? Oicrf. grautr? groeU, polenta; gr6te (dat) I. c. c 
63; gr6teB (pi) 47. 

grote, ODvtch groote, groat, drachtna, vi^.P. P. 2534; 
grote, groote Lidg. m. p. 50 & 152; grotes (pi) Chauc. 
C. t. 7546, 

groute (grout?), ASax. grut, ODvtch gnite, gruite, 
MHGerw. gril?, grout, prompt, parv. 217; Wr. voc. 178. 

grove (groi?), ASaa:. (vyji-)grki, grove, „lucua",prom^. 
parv. 215; Mand. 271; grove (dat.) owl and night 380; 
Chauc. G. t. 1480; groven (grflve) (]A) Im^. 469. 

growin, ASax. grSvan, Olcel. groa, OFris. groia, 
OPGerm. gni{o)eii, grom, prompt, parv. 215; greowea? 
(growe) £03. 8696; growe vis. P. P. 14038; Mand. 88; 
grouwep (pres) Wr, p. s. 332; growinde (part.) Shoreh. 
159; growing Ckavc. C. t. 13981; gr^U (pra)La-Ty 2014; 
P-oh. Olouc. 470, 6; greowe (suhj) rel. ant. 1, 173; growen 
(part.) cr. P. P. 440; compos, bigrowen. 

g r u b b e n , from •gnibbe, ODutck grubbe (fovea), grub, 
prompt, parv. 217. 

grucchen (gruccbe), OFr. groucber, grudge, murmur, 
Wiol. John 6; grugge lud. Cov. 228; gmcched (pres) a. r. 
114; grocheB ^r, conse. 297; gmwhed (pret.) Mand. 57. 

grUen (grfle), OHGerm. grAen (horrere), grue, grieve? 
saoram. 155; see grien. 

gruf? cmp. Olcel. 4 grflfu (ruBsgrtts) Fritener's ordb., 
bei Alien gruf (on the face) Chauc. C. t 951; and laide 
her gruf (face downwards) upon Sl tre Em. 656; on grofe 
ye lie testam. of Ores. 362; on groufe falliu m. Arth. H. 
323; on the gruffe fallis Halliw. diet. 419. 

grufeliuge, grovelinge groveling (grublings), on the 
face, face dovmwarda, see transact, phil. society 1862 p. 88, 
prompt, parv. 215; grovelinge to his fete pai felle Mor. 
a. p. 1, 1119; grovelinga Alex. Stevens. 5277; groflinges 


grand 2SS 

pou shall b6 laid Tovm. myst. 40; grovelonges ant Arth. 
XL VII, 8. 

grund, ^jSaa;. OSax. gnind, OHQerm. gnint, Olcel. 
grunnr, grouvd, fundua,La'T,.22M;Orm.VA28Q; /w.20O3; 
Wr. p. 3. 196; grund, grond jw. cotmc. 209 & 7213; ground 
via. P. P. 10924; into helle grunde (dat^ a. r. 268; falle 
to grounde Wr. treat. 136; eode to groude jemAerf, fio6. 
Qlouc. 79, 7; hire keverchefa wSren ful fine of grounde 
Ckauc. C. t 455. 

groundebbe. Germ, grund-ebbe, Lidg. m. p. 50. 
groundlias groundless, Shoreh. 154. 
groundsope „faex, sedimen", prompt parv. 216. 
gruadswilie groundsel, aeneeio, rel. ant. \, 37. 
grundwal Orm. 13372. 

grouodin, ASax. gryndan, groimd, „fundare", prompt, 
parv. 216; grundien cast downf La-r,. 26553; grendep 
(pres.) sinks to the ground, Shoreh. 137; groundid (part.) 
„/ounded", Wicl. gloss. 

grunten, OHGerm. gninzen, grant, a. r. 326 ; grunton 
prompt, parv. 218; i grante (prea.) ant grone rel. amt 1, 
120; gronten Mand. 274; gr\inte (pret.) Fum. p. XV,99; 
Mapes 341; grentin Wicl. gloss. 

grure, ASax. gryre, OSaa. gruri, horror, Lbj. 27716; 
Mark. 7; Katk. 1994; a. r. 112. 
grureful a. r. 210. 

grure horrihlef om al o grure bI6de (or gmreblode?) 
a. r. 294. 

grAsen oroiMf, munch; grdse (pres. s%ibj.) a. r. 428* 

grut, IiGerm. grut, gi-ut, gravel, „limus", prompt, parv. 
218; pe toundlkes w6r(e) ... full of grut Mick. 4339. 

grutten? /rem ASax. grytte, OHGerm. gruzze (fur- 
furjf of grits? fet him ia muchele leovere pen pet tu ete 
grutt«ne bread, oder werie herde h^re a. r. 186. 

gulchen gulck (gwtk), awaUow, gulched (pres.) a. r. 
240; see ^ucchen. 

gulden (nguldene"), A'-ax. gylden, goldm, a. r. 336; 
gilden pr. consc 5360; lud. Coo. 76; & guldene cr^ne Katk. 
1582; pe gildene 3ate Mand. 81 ; gildene (pl.J Orm. 8180; 
geldene scheldus Degrev. 280. 

gildin, ASax. gyldan, gild, prompt, parv. 193; gildid 
(gilt) (part.) Wid.gloss. 20; gilde (pi.) Mor. a. p. 2, 1344. 

gult, ASax. gjlt, guHt, Laz- 4272; a. r. 258; owl and 


904 gulten 

tM^^.1408; Bek.B27; c of I. 414; Mapes bil; pltMand. 
134; gelt Shoreh. 166; gilte (dot.) pr. come. 5559; giltes 
(^.) Orm. 1143. 
giltlSH via. P. P, 68; Flor. 2090. 

gnlteu (gulte), ^Sair. gyltan, do wrong, Fum. p. VIII, 
108; gilten Orm. 824; Wicl. gloss.; gulted (j}res.) Mark. 
17; gult« (»ubj.) owl and night. 1521; gilt (part.) m. Artk. 
F. 1377; compos, a-, forgulten, 

gulti, ASax. gyltig, guilty, a. r. 38; Bek. 2111 ; Chauc. 
C. t. 662; gilti Rob. Br. 112, 15; gelti Shoreh. 40. 

gume, ASax. Ooth.gaiaa,, OSax.giimo, OHOerm. goiao, 
Olcet gumi, Lat. homo, man, met. horn. 127; gume (gome) 
La^. 3590; gome Wr. spec. 36; Alia. 1024; s. «. Web. 
1399; vi». P. P. 83S7 iMor. a. p. 1, 231; o«(. Arth. VIII, 
0; gomen (p^ Horn 169; ^diw. 1384; compos, bridgume. 

gdme? OHOerm. giumo {palalum)? gum, ^gingiva", 
Wr. voc. 207 ; see gome. 

gfln, Gael, gfia, Ir. g&an, Welsh gwn, gown; goun 
„ioj<»", HV. wwr. 238; Chauc. C. t. 93; Mor. a. p. 2, 145; 
gtmes (^.) rel. ant. 2, 174; gounes De^reo. 1604. 

gund (gound), ASax. Goth. (?) gund, OHOerm.. gant, 
gound, „chas9te", Wr. voe. 145; gound „alhugo", prompt, 
pare. 206; rei. an(. 2, 78; rfide goundea (rftde gundes) wis. 
P. P. 14090; Wart. hist. 2, 58 & 86. 

gundi (goundi) ^diassieax", Wr. voc. 144; HaUiio. 
diet. 412. 

guune, Ir. Gael, guuaa, gvm, avow. Arth. LXV, 3; 
gunne, gonne Chauc. I, g. w. 637; h. of f. 1643; gounes 
(^.) Alis. 3268. 

gurd (ngird"), ASax. gyrd (?), MHGerm. gurt, girth. 
Alia. 2272; gejj) nCiMi/Mfa", prompi. pant. 190; Rich. 6733. 

gurdel, ASax. gyrdel, Olcel. gyrdill, OHGerm. gartii, 
giriRe, a. r. 420; Wr. spec. 36; gurdil, gerdul Chauc. 
C. t. 360 & 3260: girdel Orm. 3210; via. P. P. 9867; 
gurdle {dal.) La^. 1325. 

gurd en („girdiii"), ASax. gyrdan {cingere), Oled. 
gyrda (id.), OHGerm, gurten {id.), ODvtch gurden, gorden 
{cingere, caedere loris), gird, „cingere", prompt, parv. 19^; 
gorde rueref Mor. a. p. 2, 911; gurdua, girdua (pres.) 
caedit, ferit, ant. Arth. XLV, 10 & XL VII, 8; giirdee, 
gordez, girdez „atrikes, smites", Gaw. gloss.; girdeb ma, 
P. P. 1284 ; gurde (pret) cwKcit, Rob. Glow. 435, 7 s ferivil. 


gnte 2 55 

La^. 1696; a. r. lOS; gird {part.) dnOut, Chauc. C. t. 
331 ; gord Oaw, gloss.; igurd a. r. 380; gurd feriiaa. Alts. 
2299; compos, bigurden. 

gate, ASax. gyte, OHGerm. guz? from jeoten, favio: 
compos, blodgnte. 
gntefeetre running fester, (ace.) a. r. 328, 

gut, ASax. gutt(?), gut, vis. P. P. 634; Mor. a. p. 3, 
280; (gatte) ^viscus", prompt, parv. 220; gaites (pi.) Marg. 
112: Tor. 192; gottes Rob. Olouc. 289, 8. 

gutton gtLt, ^exeriterare'^, prompt, parv. 220, 

3S, ASax. ge&, OSasc. O/cei. OHWerm. jA (iA), GoiA. 
ja, jai, OFria. jfi, g6, yco, Orm. 2411; Iio. 1004; (yfl,) ^iii. 
3671 ; Lidg. m. p. 40; (yaa) Flor. 1736; yA, yai, 3^ Mark 
4 & 5; 36 a. r. 136; Bek. 36; JMon(i.292; (y6) vis. P.P. 
2979; Tor. 829; (sh^) ff'ic/. pios*.; yoo JEm. 888; 306 
avow. Arth. XXIV, 14. 

jTii (seoi, 3ei)-he yea Ac? see Or. gram. 3, 765, a. r. 334. 
3use, ASax. gese, gise, yes, see Gr. gram. 3, 764, iJa3. 
17208; a. r. 392*; 5186 Afor. a. p. 3, 117; 3i3 Eglam.^^; 
yia »w. P. J*. 3776; 368 Skorek. 153. 

3 a m e r , ASax. geomer, OSax. iamar, OHGerm. iamarer, 
lament<Ale, miserable; 3emer Shoreh. 113; hire ^eomere 
bileave Kaih. 1831; 3emere {pi.) La^. 12039; 3omere 
{adv.)owl 6; 3eomere8t {superlat.) Z.a3. 16566. 
jeomerhc lamentable, Lai,. 29664; 3omerli Mor. a. p. 2, 
971; 3eomerllche (aJv.) Mark. 6; 3aiiierU a'^ Arth. VII, 
8; 3amirli Gaw. gloss. 

Sameren, ASax. geomerian, OHGerm. iamaron, yam- 
mer, lament; 3amer9 (prcs.) Gate, gloss.; jamurt {pret.) 
ant. Arth. VII, 9. 

3ard, ASax. geard, OSax. gard, Gotk. gards, OIceL 
gardr, OHGerm. gart, Lot. hortus. Or. -(^ipToz, yard {garth), 
FurTi. p. XXIII, 73s 3erd {y^iA) „hortus", Wr. voc. 270; 
via. P. P. 4198; Chaac. TroU. 1912; Tflide {dat.) EtUiiw. 
din. 960; compos, middel-, wln3ard. 

3are („gare"), ASax. gearve, OSax. garewi, OHGerm. 
gar(a)wi, (?are ( jear), clothing, armour. Trio. Ill, 52; Em. 
198; gere rel. songs IV, 36; Goto. conf. am. 2,227; Mor. 
a- p. 2, 1811; Percev. 189; Tor. 652; gteren (pi.) La^. 

3 Are, ASaa. geftra, yore, long before, long since. Brand. 
81; jftre, se&re £03. 2671 t!^ 3415; a. r. 88 & 298; 


25(1 garkiea 

jfire c. of I. 1339; Wr.gpec.2B & 43; Chauc. C. t. 4594; 
s. 3. Wr. 2153. 

3arkieii, searkien, A8ax. geardan, yark (yerk), pre- 
pare, dispote, Laz- 2631 & 19513; sarken Kath. 1752; 
'Orm. 96; jarkep (prea.) via. P. P. 4638; serked a. r. 
410; sarkede (pret.) Rob. Olouc. 12, 8; jarked (part.) 
Jtfor. a. p. 2, 1708; yarked J?wi. 329. 

3arm, Welsh ganu, Gaet gairm, yarm, cry, Mor. a. p. 
2, 971. 

jarmen (jarme), Welsh garmio, Gad. gairm? yarm, 
cry, scream, ifcdliw. diet. 951. 

jarn, ASax. geara, Olcel. OHGerm, gam, yam, Wr. 
voc. 157; 3erii HaUiio. nug. poet. 18. 
jamwindil prompt, pars. 188. 

yarow(e), ASax. gearve, OHOerm. gar(a)wa, yarrow, 
rel. ant. I, 53. 

Sarren? from jerren? yar, snarl; 3arrande {^parC) 
Gam. gloss.; garrende Wicl. gloss. 

3aru, ASax. gearu, OSax. garu, OHGerm. gar(e)wer, 
Olcd. gorr (gerr), yare, ready, La;^. 7783; 3arow Kath. 
2334; 3eruh a. r. 394; jare owl and night. 488; Rob. 
Glouc. 237, 4; avow. Arth. LXIV, 8; (yare) Qow. cow/, 
awt. 2, 237; Rick. 6727; «. «. WV. 305 ; Gaw.90; m. Arth. 
F. 218; Mar. mir. pi. 134; 3eare, giere (ad«.) La3. 525 
& 18547; 3are Mor. a. p. 1, 833; 3£erewe {pi.) Lai,. 
9457; 3arew6 Kath. 1750; owi and night. 378; yarwe 
iiwA. 6761. 

3arwen, ASax. geai{v)viB.n, OSoa;. garuwian (gerwean), 
OHGerm. gar(a)wen, garen, Olcel. gorva, gora, Jrom 3aru, 
gar, prepare, make; garen Wr. an. lit. 13; sare Bob. Br. 
294, 13; gare Percev. 1411; gere ant. Arth. XXI, 12; 
garez (pres.) Mor. a. p. 1, 331; jared (pret.) Rob. Br. 
58, 13; garte via. P. P. 2597; Rich. 6037; Isumb. 402; 
3arweden, 3arewedeii, geredeu Lai,. 1873, 5361 & 9761; 
gared, gered (part.) Oaw. gloss.; gered Mor. a. p. 2, 1568; 
gert Mm. 28; compos. for3aren. 

sat, ASax. geat, OSax. gat, Oi^rw. iet, [Olcd. gatt], 
yot (^(rt, ffdle), foris, Rob. Glouc. 540, 16; c. of I. 877; 
Satt Degree. 613; sate X^ofA. 2454; Orm. 4122 ; 3set ia3. 
6059; set a. r. 74; .BfiJfc. 2150; yate (dot.) Eglam. 281; 
Hoccl. I, 178; seate a. r. 424; sates (pi.) £rand. 4 ; yates 
vu. P. P. 12600; ybates pr. consc. 2127; compos, flddsei 


gattopid? Chatte. C. t. 6185. 

3ateward harrow. 139; seteward a. r. 270. 

3atien? 3aten, ASax. geatan (?), OFris. getta,, grant, 
give, Orm. 9819; ^etten LaT,. 10052; 7,ete? Mor. a. p. 1, 
557; jetted (prea.) a. r. 170; god jate (jote) (avhj.) 
prompt, parv. 201; jatte (pret.) Orm. 2372; jette La^. 
4426; ^ettede Kath. 1590 & 2402; 3ated (paH.) Orm. 
154; i3ett€d Mark. 16. 

3ettunge permission, (dot) a. r. 204. 

36, ASax. ge, 08ax. gi, Go(A. jus, Olcel. jer, er, 
OHGerm. ir, Gr. Uji(i8; ('ftr 5o(tec), «ee Bopp's vergl. gram. 
473, ye, wos, a. r. 4; Orm. 366; iJei. 26; ye Chawc. C. t. 
728; Lu/^. m. p. 28; £i//awi. 4; hadde ye rattes youre 
wille, ye koupe aogbt rule yow selve wis. P. P, 398; yee 
Hoed. IV, 12; yhe pr. consc. 68; see eow and eower. 

3eap, ^Stix, geap, crafty, ctmning, quick; 3eep WV. 
spec. 39; 36p La-i,. 7581; noder 3ep ne wis oal andnight. 
■465; pou art yong and yeepe via. P. P. 6606; slfih & 3sep 
Orm. 13499; 3eape (pi.) a. r. 362; J^pe Rob. Br. 320, 18; 
S^pe (adv.?) Mor. a. p. 2, 881. 
36phsde calliditas, owl and night. 683. 
3Seple3C id., Orm. 2523. 

S^pliche craftily, quickly, vis. P. P. 9998; 3§pli Will, gloss. 
264; Jt/or. o. p. 2, 1708. 
3eapscipe calliditas, La^. 2760. 

3ed, ASax. gedd, gidd, worrf; 3edde8 (pi^ Z.a3. 25853. 

3eddien, ASax. geddian, giddiau, speak, Lai,. 21429; 
3edde s. s. Wr. 215. 

3eddiag, ASax. geddung, gidding, song; jeddingis 
Halliw. diet. 951; 3eddingus Degree. 1421. 

seder, emp. ASax.eAr&(confeatim),mih'^^Aire (great?) 
joskinges Alex. Stevens. 172. 
3ederli quickly, Qaw. gloss.; Mor. a. p. 2, 463. 

3eft, ASax. OHGerm. gift, OFris. ieft, gift, Wiil.gloss. 
254; 3eft, 3ift LaT,. 1790* & 7705*; jift Bek. 570; sifte 
(dat. or ace) Wicl. gloss. 53; he gifes k gift* he makes 
a vow? Percev. 85; jeftes (pi) Shoreh. 46; yiftes vis. 
P. P. 1557; Ifoccl. /, 366. 

361 cry, clamor, a. r. 306*. 

3eieQ (36ien?) cry, damare, Kath. 207; a. r. 66; 3638 
(pres)? Wr. spec. Ill; seiede (pret) a. r. 152; 3eide 
Mark. 6; jeiden La-t,. 27750; jesed ^w. a. p. 2, 846. 

258 z^n 

36111 („gem"), ASax. gegn, g^n, OSax. gegin, Olcel. 

gegn, gagn, OHGerm. gagan, gain, contra, Lidg. m. p. 162; 

gain Mor. a. p. I, 138; j)r. ctmac. pref. XII; ^sen Orm. 

124; compos, an (on)-, in-, t03ein. 

jainclap counter-stroke, Katk. 129. 

jeincmne return, a. r. 234; jeincome htlliw. diet. 952. 

jeinchar return, ^r. spec. 46, 

gainsawe reply, met. horn. 75. 

jeinseggen gainsay; gein8ein (pres.) Lidg. m. p. 135; jein- 

seye (^j.) HalUw. diet. 951, 

jeintum rrfwrM, Kath. 2118. 

3einen, Olcel. gegna, gagna (ifoiatM Vre, occurrere, pro- 

deaae), OSOerm. gaganen (ohviare, occurrere), gain, encoun- 
ter, meet, avail, Kath. 179; per mai no mint ne ^iftes 

3eine Fum. p. XXV, 89; me shal pe s^ne otnl and night. 

843; gawne Town. myst. 320; geined (pres.) a. r, 362; 

Wr. p. a. 324; ac nil ne gejnep it hem noht Orm. 970; 

gainep Shoreh. 41; us gainep no raunsoun Chawc. C. t. 

1178; gainaa m. Arth. F. 1071; y^net (part.J Mark 1; 

compos. a(n)3einen. 

jSk, ASax. geac, cuckoo, Halliw. diet. 951; see gok. 
Seld, ASax. geld, gild, gield, OSa^.. geld, OFris. ield, 

CfrtA. gild, Oicel. giald, OHGerm. gelt, payment, tribute, 

Katk. 212; a. r. 58; Shoreh. 113; (yeid?) yl/w. 2959; 

3eld (sield) LaT,. 7194; ^ilde (dot.) 4784; ^eldes (pi^ 

Orm. 10170. 

jelden, ASax. geldan, gildan, gieldan, gyldan, OSax. 

geldan, OFris. ielda, Goth, gildan, 07ceZ. gialda, OHGerm. 
geltan, yield, render, reguite, pay, La^,- 6150; Kath. 568; 
a. r. 58; Orm. 19903; selde Wr. spec. 69; yheld(e) pr. 
conac. 3987; yeilde .4iM. 132; slide Halliw. diet. 954; 
3iilde Fum. p. XIV, 44 ; pou seldest (prea.) noght, bflt 
borwest vis. P. P. 3068; god silde (subj.) you Egltmi. 
271; yald (prtt.) vis. P. P. 7810; mn. hom. 32; 3eald 
Katk. 128; pa ^nlde a. r. 406; 3olde Bek. 775; heo 3ul- 
den a. r. 404; solden Mawd. 105; golden (part.) Orm. 
6239; jolden Mand.2bl; yholden pr. consc. 5672; cowipoa. 
a-, forselden. 

381 weK, Mapea 339; (yelie) Tor. 1490; 3elles (>^;> anL 
Arth. Vll, 8 J compos. i-TfiX, 

3eUen, ASax. gellan, giUan, giellan, gyllan, OHGerm. 
gellan, Olcel. gella, gialla, yell, aonare, tinnire, Katk. ZOiO; 


jelp 359 

pe s6 . . . bigan to 3ellen andtobellen Hcdliw. dui.9h\; 
Selle 8. s. Wr. 805; Eglam. 411; foules hSrde 8ch6 selle 
Odav. 330; yhell(e) pr. co-nac. 7341; gullen (selle) La^. 
16407; juUe Brand. 23; jal /'prei-j ihid.; s. a. Wr. 801; 
(gal?) Bofe. G/ouc. 208, 13; helmeB per gullen (sollen) 
^3. 9797. 

36 Ip, ASax. gelp, gilp, OSax. gelp, OHQerm. gelpb, 
gelf, fcotwi, ioj. 17133; Orok 12041; c. oj I. 1364; /w. 
2765; Rob. Br. 264, 6; (yelp) Launf. 718; 3elpe fdot) 
a. r. 210. 

Selpen, ASoar. gelpan, gilpan, yelp, boast, La^,. 22949; 
a. r. 146; Orm. 2042; ^elpe (yelpe) JZw. 1065; Gow.conf. 
am. 2, 116; s. a. c. J, 67; jelped (pres.) Kath. 1287; 
jpalp (salp) (pret.) Lan,. 2870; ijolpe (part.) Mia. 3368. 

yelping boasting, Qaw. glosB.; ^elpunge (itcc^ a. r. 330. 

3elte, OHQerm. gelza (sucula), „acrqfa", Wr. voc. 
177; see gilte. 

jelu (^eolu), ASaar. geolo, OHGerm. gelwer, Lat. hel- 
vus, yeUow, Wr. p. 3. 158; jeoluh a. r. 88; jeleu rel. ant, 
1, 129; yelew B,ich. 2644; 3elow, jalow Kanti. 48; yolw 
CAawe. C. t. 2134; 30I0W -dits. 207; yalu Halliw. did. 
943; her jelwe hair Gow. eonf. am. 3, 255; hir yolwe 
heer Chaue. C. t. 1051; see gol. 
3alow80U3t jaundice, Halliw. diet. 950. 

36me (y^me), ASax. geme, gjine(?), OHQerm. gouma? 
heed, car.?, (dot.) Halliw. diet. 945; (ace.) La^. 6981 ; a. r. 
32; Bob. Qlouc. 194, 8; c. of I. 502; Shoreh. II; ms.P.P. 
6000; Hardte. poem 9, 2; aim 3^me of pi 3uhede Mark. 
4; iTotfi. 1462; ace gom. 

3enieleaa, .^Soa;. g^me-, g^eleas, OHGerm. gounialOB, 
heed-, careless. 
S^meleaslTche heedlessly, a. r. 92; 34melesllche rel. ant. 

1, 129. 

jfimeleaste, ASax. g^meleast, negligence, (ace) a. r. 46; 
Sfimelaeste Orm. 2913. 

35 men, ASax:. g€mau, gjman, OZce(. geyma, OSax. 
gomiaD, OHGerm. goumea, Goth, gaumjan, yeem, look after, 
heed, keep, a. r 98; Orm. 2911; 3eme harrow. 24; s. s. 
•Wr. 99; Wr. p. a. 215; m. Arth. F. 2512; ygme vis. P. P. 
5003; ps. 11, 8; met. horn. 4; 36mes (prea) Mor. a. p. 

2, 1493; 34mde (pret) L03. 30845; (sgrnede) cArow. £n<?i. 
152; sfimande (part.) Percev. 1136; compos, for-, isfimen. 


260 yftmer 

ySmer keeper, met. horn. 114. 

3§msle, Olcel. geymals., heed, care, (ace.) Orm. 5095. 

sen, ODvteh gene (ghene), gone, OFria. iene, OHOerm. 
iener (gener), Oolh. jaiiis, ytm, ille; 3on Mtw. a. p. 1, 672 ; 
yon light via. P. P. 12366; in jone stede Iu>. 2549. 

36 nd, ASax. geond, gynd (iUuc, tratu), Qoth. j^nd 
(Sxsi), ODutch gin(d)a, yond, trans, Horn 1012; (3«nt) 
Wr. p. s. 264; send, jeond, jond ^03. 28, 113 & 494; 
3eona te world a. r. 72; jond illic, Ckauc. C. t. llOl ; 
30iid hoves &, rial knijt Amad. Robs. XLVI, 2; jond al 
pe world c. of I. 1448; yond f/br yon) light vis. P. P. 
12454; 3oud half Orm. 10588; j)e h61i man was 3uiid 
of Irlande Brand. 1; a jund half 33; 3endis Wid. gloss. 
58; compos, bijend. 

jender, Oi)K(cA gender, ginder (Ulic, illitcj, Goth, jiua- 
dre(Jxei). yonder (yinder), illtc, Mor. a. p. 2, 1617; 3endir 
HaUiw. diet. 952; yonder Ckauc. C. t. 1121; Tor. 2070; 
yondur Eglam. 290; at 3onder (for jon) hille Percev. 373. 

jeonien, ASax. geonian, ginian, OifGerm. ginen, 
yawn, gape, a. r. 242; 3eonep (pres) rel. songs V, 233; 
3enip Mis. 485; 3eonede (pret.) Mark. 9; 3enede Mapes 
338; 3eneden iVicl. gloss. 

360 ten, ASax. geotan, OSax. geotan, Goth, giutan, 
OHGerm. giozan, pour, found, cast, L03. 17318; 3Sten 
Orm. 17418; 3eet« Wid. gloss. 53; 3eoted (pres.) a. r. 
282; 30ten (pret) Mapes 338; yhotten (^mUb) ps. 78, 
3; 30ten (paH.) Orm. 1773; Rich. 371; Amis 2024; yho- 
tin ps. 44, 3; deriv. got, gute. 

3eoter, ASax, geotere, founder, Alis. 6735; 3eetere 
Wid. glos^. 

Sfipse? LGerm. gopBe, as much as may be held between 
hodi hands joined together; sSpsen? (printed pepaen) (^.) 
Wr. voc. 147. 

Sfir, ASax. geflr, OSaa;. ggr, OjF'm. i6r, GtrfA. jSr, 
OHGerm. iflr, /^O/cef. fir], wear, a. r. 218; Orm. 9503; 
seer Wid. John 11 ; 3ier rd ant. 1, 130; yir s. s. (Tet. 
568; 36r (yeer) (pL) Alis. 790; JMamrf. 12; Chaue. C. t. 
603; Hoed. I, 110; 3er, sier Shorek. 63 4 71; 3ere I. c. 
e. 34; yhfire pr. consc. 741 ; to 3ere hoc anno, io3. 8039; 
Brand. 11; Chaue. C. t. 5750; Mar. mir. pi. 158; 3*re3 
(pi) Marh. 2; a. r. 190. 
yeerli yearly. Hoed. I, 431. 


Serd 261 

36 rd, ASax.gyrd, OSaa;. fgerda, OFw.ierde, O/TGerm, 
gerta, yarii (yerd), virga, a. r. 184; Skoreh. 133; jerd 
(jeord) LaT,. 14771; 3urd Bek. 2268; yard Gate, gloss.; 
jerde (dat.) Mand. 85; (yerde) Ckauc. C. t 149; is & 
mannea jerde WV. rficf. 1036; jerde (ace.) Orm. 16181; 
Rob. Br. 292, 19; jerden (^^ a. r. 186; jerdea wis. P-P. 

jeren? OSaa:. OHGerm. geron, OPrU. ieria, rfesB^; 
jirden (seorden) (pret^ /^J. 10297 

jern? OHOerm gerni (dUigentia)? 
3eoriiful| ^Soir. geornfiill, yeamfvl, eager, Orm. 1631. 

Serne, jlSoic. georn, gym, OSax. gern, 0/cei. giam, 
OHOerm. gerner, G<Ah. gairEB, yearn, desirous, diligent, 
eager, Ckav-c. C. t. 3257; (adv.) 6575; Degrev. 605; A)6. 
£r. 56, 9; jerne (jeome) c o/" i. 76; jeorne Mark. 2; 
i'offt. 1688; a. r. 108; On». 2718; jeorne, jonie owi awrf 
night. 661 A 1579; 3orne avow. Artk. XXIIl, 3; jume 
Bi-and. 5; ckron. Engl. 52. 

jeorneliche diligently, eagerly, a. r. 98; ^iemeliche rc^. om*. 
1, 129; ^eoriieluker (compar.) a. r. 234. 

jernen, ASax. geornian, gyrnan, OSax. gernian, 
OHOerm. gernen, Olcel. girna, Goth, gairnjan, yearn, de- 
sire, La^.Gl9G; iw. 1242; yherne ^. cowc. 4663; yeomen 
Orm. 3579; 3irne (pres.) a. r. 400; Wr. an. lit. 3; yhernes 
(ylioriies) pa 51, 2; 3ernde (pret.) La-T,. 4720; 3eraede 
Kath. 1591; seornde Orm. 5241; sirode Marh.2; sirnden 
Lffl3. 10305; Wr. spec. 43; 3erned f^art^ Mor. a. p. 1, 
1189; sirned harrow. 164; compos. i3erneii. 

jirnunge yearning, a. r. 114; yherning pr. cotmc 1127. 

jerren? ASax. georran (wnare, stridere) Grein's gloss., 
yer (yir), screak: 3urren (prei.) pi sUines mid pftn tlod- 
atranes La^^. 28358. 

Sest, ASaa:. gist, MHGerm. jest, gest, jram *^e8en, 
MHGerm. jesen, gesen (Jermeny, yeast; gist? Halliw. 
diet. 426. 

36 1, ASax. get(a), git(a), gyt(a), Oi^'rw. ieta, eta, ita, 
yet, La-7,. 109; ^^atA. 70; (yet) » is, P. P. 418; pat tu nart 
noht 3et in heofne Orm. 7951; pes ne wseren set noht 
tahte 9802 ; & godes engel aesde paer of sant Johan 3et 
mire 780; jet lesse a. r. 66; set ^(WMem) jif we wole re- 
pents Fum. p. XXV, 141; p4 set X^a(i. 561; pe set 
adhwc, LaTy 19292; Mark. 1; he is noat pe set iechend 


262 Z.H 

a. r. 298; ah pah ml llf me beo atschote, pe set Caiam 
turn) ich mai do gode note owl and night. 1622; yet, yit 
Chauc. C. t. 70 & 257; sit (yit) Gov>. conf. am. 3, 242; 
Wid. John 2; Bob. Br. 7, 6; Eglam. 76; yhit pr. consc. 
105; po jit ne mihten heo . . . ileeven c. of I. 1423; ^ut 
jr pe wordles ende Brand. 3 ; pat he pe jut (jam turn) 
of londe wende Bek. 680; 3ete a. r. 280; ^ite Degrev. 
986 ; 3ute Bek. 2044 ; pat nfiver ^ute iholde nas c. of I. 266. 

S^t (get?) „&w»(y", Gaw. gloss.; compos, bijete? overgat? 

jeten (^ete), ASax. getan (?), (bi-, for)gitan, Olcel. 
geta, OSax. (bi-, far)getaD, Go(A. (bi)gitan, OHGerm. 
(ar-, bi-, fer)gezan, je(, transact. 18, 23; geten TFiS. 
glosr.; Oow. conf. am. 2, 242; to geten hira gilte spores 
via. P. P. 12098; gete Isumh. 151; pou getist (pres.) Eglam. 
347; he get 0mm. 10219; gat (pret.) Will, gloss.; Wicl 
gloaa.; 6r he gat his wif t6 schipe Ckauc. C. t 3540; and 
gat upon hire Constantin Mand. 12; hit fro me yot (?) 
Mor. a. p. 1, 10; pou g^te via. P. P. 12747; (pei) gSten 
14238; Oaw. gloga.; geeten, goten? Wicl- gloss.; goten? 
Mand. 67; gaten? Will, gloss.; geten (part) Oaw. gloss.; 
Mand. 19; Ckauc. C. t. 293; pe good pat pou hast geten 
vis. P. P. 3065; befor pat he was geten and forth broght 
pr. oonac. 443; (getten) Mar. mir. pi. 142; geten, gete 
WiU,. gloaa.; geten, goten Wicl. gloss.; compos, bi-, for-, 

jere (jefe), ASax. geofii, gifu, OFria. ieve, OHGerm. 
geha,, gift, La^. 401; seove a. r. 202; sife Orm. 5482; 
jive Fwm. p. VIII, 37; (give) Boh. Br. 155, 15; seoven 
(pi) Katk. 37; yeves vis. P. P. 1557; compos, morhjive. 

seven, ASax. geofan, gifan, Olcel. gefa, OFris. leva, 
OHGerm. geban, Goth, giban, give; jeven (jiven) Lot,. 
2742; yeven, give vis. P. P. 5501 & 6510; seve Boh. 
Glouc. 13, 2; Wr. spec. 39; yeve i/occi. 777, 30; ^eve, 
geve Tor. 933 & 2088; geve Eglam. 2fi5; geve, give CAawc. 
C. t 223 & 507; siven a. »■. 68; siven (jeoven) Katk. 
636; sifen Orm. 1864; yive .^Zw. 5526; gife Amad. Bobs. 
LIII, 10; yeve (pres.) Hick. tkes. 1,226; ^evep Wr.treat. 
134; sif (fmperat^ a. r. 294; yevep Li%. m. p. 48; ^af 
fpref.^) Orm. 761 ; Skorek. 21 ; MiMd. 97 ; jaf, jef Wr.apec. 
43 & 106; yaf m. .drtA. i?. 269; gaf Ckauc. C. t. 177; 
Eglam. 407; jaf, jef Las- 42 & 24712; jef ^TtrtA. 3S7; 
Bob. Glouc. 58, 8; gef Oaw. glosa. 384; pu jSveBeA. 786; 

giefen Orm. 6476; jSven (seeven) c. of I. 616; sfiven, 
3aTen? ^oven? Wicl. gloss.; goven sacram. 39; gfive Will. 
glots.; 3eve (suhjuni^.) Beh. 308; jifen (■part.) Orm. 2111; 
gifen iw. 3540; yeve m. Arth. F. 88; 30ven (yi>r3eoven) 
Marid. 13; Ooio. conf. am, 1, 79; yoven Hoed. I, 99; i3i- 
ven a. r. 82; c. of I. 60; compos, a-, for-, up3even; de- 
Wv. 3eft 

gevellc giftf rd. ant. 1, 213; on gevenhke, o gevelike 1, 
215 &. 225. 

givere, OHGerm. gebare, giver, vis. P. P. 4611. 

Sevede, ASax. gifede, gyfede, given? seorwe pe beod 
gevede £03. 2272. 

jifvede, ASax. gifede (sorsfj Grein's gloss., wealtkf 
LaT,. 8118. 

3exe, ASax. geocsa, gicea, giaca, yex, hiccough, singul- 
tus; 30x6 Halliw. diet. 954. 

3exen, ASax. giacian, yex (yesk, yisk), hiccough; 3ixin 
„singultire" , prompt, parv., quoted by Tynoh. gloss, to Chauc. ; 
30xep (pres.) Chauc. C. t. 4149; 30xide (pret.) „8obbed", 
Wicl. gloss. 53; and Bore wfipinge wende forp and 3oxede 
and si3te ofte Bek. 1568. 

30sking, ASax. giscung, gicsung, yexing, Wr. diet. 
1038; 3oxing „sobbing", Wicl. gloss. 

jicchen, OHGerm. iucchen? itch; sichin, jikin, jekin 
„prurire", prompt, parv. 258; ^icchinde (part) a. r. 80. 

3if, ASax. gif, OFris. ief, Goth, jabai? see Gr. gram. 
3, 283, gif, si, La^. 356; Orm. 1438; c. of I 181; Mand. 
3; Mor. a. p. 2, 758; I. c. c. 32; (yif) s. s. Web. 293; 
jif pu pus dfet noiit a. r. 294; gif Chauc. C. t. 1272; 
Eglam. 495; ant Arth. XX, 1; 3ef Bob. Glouc. 12, 23; 
Wr. spec. 36; 3ef godes wille wSre MorA. 2; jef Hick, 
thea. 1, 226; Ham 111; Degrev. 185; met. Aom. 30. 

3ilde (gilde), ODutch gilde, OFris. ielde, ^wtid, „^(x- 
temitas'*, prompt, parv. 193; Zidf?, m. ^, 207; jilden he 
gon rere LaT^. 32001. 

gildehalle „praet&rium", prompt pdrv. 193; geldeballe 
Chauc. C. t 372. 

3im, ASa^c. gimm, hat. gemma, yem; jimmes (jp^ fio6. 
GUuc. 489, 15; gimmes ^iw. 3152. 

3imstan Kaih. 1662; jimstOn a. r. 134; 3im-(3em-)8t5n 
Irfij. 21143. 


3«4 3tBel 

jlsel, A8ax. glsel, OHGerm. gtsal, Olcel. glsl, hostage; 
Slslea (pi.) L03. 5324. 

jiBtre? ASax. geostra (?), OHGerm. gestre, gestreni' 
LtU. hesterniiB? yeater: jursten (jorsten) dsei for 3iir8ten- 
dsei ?), ASax, gyratan (gy^tran, geoatran) dteg, (ace") yetter- 
day, kestemo die, La'^. 17063; 3urBten dai Wr. an. lit. 4; 
jister (for sistern? cmp. Goth, gistradagis) dai Percev. 
509; yhigtre dai pa. 89, 4; siatern 4ve (aca.) yestereven, 
heri vesperi. Will, gloss. 254; yister 6ven Mar. mir. pL 
122; juater 4vin aaow. Arth. XXXVII, 6; yereten night 
Halliw. diet. 946. 

3it, JjSoa. OSax. git, yc |^(mw), La^. 5093; Orm. 4498. 

jltsen, .4S03;, gitsian, A/jtfGeiin. gitesen? covet; giscen 
a. r. 196. 

jltsere, ASax. gitsere, miser; jissare (jiscere) a. r. 
202} sisceres (pi.) Fum. p. VIII, 135. 

Sitsting, ASax. ^tsung, coveting, Orm. 4697; jltsiuge, 
Slssinge ('rfatj Lag. 5332 & 6560; ^iBSunge (aoc) a. r. 258. 

jiver, ASax. ^fre (avidus), Olcel. gifr (immanis), 
greedy, a. r. 84; jifer Otvb. 10218'; jlfre (^pi^ Z/oj. 7337. 
Siverliclie gre(dily, a. r. 240. 

^ivernesse greediness, La^. 9491; a. r. 198; rd. songs VII, 
U; sifernesse Orm. 9318. 

30, 3u, ASax. geo, iu, OS<ue. OHGerm. giu, iu, Goth. 
ju, jWi, quondam, ohm. 

joman, j4S<u:. geo-, iumann, yeoman, WM. gloss. 254; 
Mand. 220; Isumb. 408; yomon .dmat/. W^efi. 347; 3eman 
CAawc C. (. 101; Mor. a. p. 1, 534; Wr. s. a. c. XXX, 5. 

30c, A8ax. geoc, ioc, GoUi. juk, OHGerm. ioh, i^o(. 
jugum, yoic, a. r. 156; Orm. 4045; 30k Wr. voe. 234; 
c. of I. 967; apol. 80; yok CAomc. C. (. 7989; yok (^hoc) 
ps. a, 8. 

jokel, JSoai.gicel, Fm. jokel, I'cicie, prompt, pare. 259. 

yoken yoke, Gow. conf. am. 2, 63; isoket (part.) rel. 
ani. 2, 210. 

36I, ASax. geol, iul, Olcel. jol, ywZe, chrlalmas, Orm. 
1915; H>. aw. Zt"(. 5; Gaw. gloss.; (sole) fPr. voc. 238; 
Jlmatf. Koia. XiF, 2; jole ("daf^ Perceo. 1803; 381e8 mo- 
nep Orm. 1910. 

joldaj Orm. 11063; soldai a. a. c. XX, 1; seoldrei £03. 
yolniht m£t. Aom. 101. 


^616 asB 

361e, ASax. geola, iu!a, december, Bob. Br. 47, 2. 

^olke, ASax. geoI(e)ca, yolk, Wr. treat. 137; yholke 
j)r. cOTMc. 6448; yelke Wr. voc. 150; ^olkes fpi^ I. c. c. 18. 

pollen (3olle) ydl, cry, owl and night 970; Wicl. 
gloss.; yolle (pres.) Ckauc. C t. 2674; i^ollande (part) 
Gate, glosa. 

30! pen yowp, yelp; ^olped (pret.) Mor. a. p. 2, 846. 

^oulen (^oule), LOerm. j61en, jaulen, yowl, howl, Wid. 
gloss. 53; Halliw. diet. 954; jaules (pres.) Oaw. gloss.; 
jaulit (pret.) ank.Arth. VII, 9; see goulen. 

^u^ede, ASax. geogud, iogod, OSax. iugud, ODutch 
ieugd, OHGerm. iugund, youth, L13. 6566; 3uhede Kath. 
14ti2; 3uwede a. r. 156; jeojede (^eusepe) F«rw. p. VIII, 
188; Hide. tkea. 1, 224; ^ouhpe rel. avt. 1, 173; soufe 
Oiauc. C. t. 4683; yhouthe pr. consc. 5972. 
3uwedhod jMOCTiitw, a. r. 342; youphed Halliw. diet. 948; 
30Uthed Imnib. 60; yhouthgd p*-. consc. 5713. 

3ung, ASax. geong, giung, iung, OSax. iung, OFris. 
iung, long, OHGerm. iunger, Gotk. juggs, Olcel. ungr, 
yoHH^, ia3. 376; Ka(A. 178; a. r. 6; Orm. 1212; Bek. 124; 
yhtiDg, yhODg pj-. consc. 214 & 3785; 3ong c. of I. 171; 
(yong) CAawc. C. t. 7; Toj-. 1971; ^ing HalUw. diet. 954; 
j^ntdd Robs. XL, 5; pe singe Degrev. 1807; 3Uiige ("pi-^J 
acow. Artk. VII, 3; 3inge iswmi. 144; liid. Cob. 73; 
jmigre (compar.) a. r. 424. 
3onghed, ODutch iongheid, juventus, Bek. 3. 
3uuglich youngly. Brand. 33. 

5ungen, JufifGerm. jungen, Hioie young; ;^mge& (pres) 
rel. ant. 1, 216. 

3ongling, ^6'aa;. geongiing, iungling, OHGerm. iun- 
geling, youngling, young man, Trist I, 79; Hartah. met. t 
110; iVwii. jioas. 53; 30ngeiing Aiis. 2866; 3eonglinge8 
(pi) Lot,. 28681. 

3ungpe youngtk, juventus, Halliw. diet 954; 3ongpe 
Wicl. gloss. 

(jt) 3eor cry, a. r. 306. 

3 u r e n cry, shriek, Kath. 2040 ; 3urde (pret) Marh. gloss. 

Mli, hlili? „exoBus", prompt parv. 222 & 289. 

habur? OFr. avoir? 
haburdascher haberdasher, C'hauo, 0. t. 2867. 

hacche („hatehe"), Swed. hack, LGerm. beck, AofcA 

266 hacchen 

(hack, heck), Wr. voc. 261 ; hacche (dot.) owl and night. 
1056; hek (hech) prompt, parv. 331; hek „03tiolum", Wr. 
voc. 203; Mar. mir. pi. 119; hacchea (pi.) Will, glosa.; 
Chauc. I. g. w. 648; (hachclies) Mor. a. p. 3, 179; (baches) 
ant. Arth. XXXV, 6.; baches (hekkes) Gaw. gloss. 

bacchen. Steed, backa, Dan. hsekke, LGerm. hecken, 
hatch, dep. of R. 13, 4; haste (pret.) owl and night. 105; 
ihaht (part.) Wr. p. s. 237. 

hid, ASax. had, OSax. Ud, OIIGerm. beit, hood (in 
compos), state, condition, order, Orm. dedic. 9 ; b&d (hod) 
La^. 13267; gpdli h6d (or goJlihgd?) Qow. conf. am. 2, 
22; wikkede hed Mapea 335; bode (dat) a. r. 318; (icc) 
„ordinem", ps. 109, 4; of h4de pus dwinep be Oow. con}. 
am. 2, 117; his cote of pe same h6de Percev. 1103; hade.i 
(pi.) Mark. 11; bodes (bMes) a. r. 26; compos, bold- 
child-, dronken-, fair-, juwed-, kniht-, man-, meiden- 
Bwikel-, wrecchehad (-hod, hed). 

hadien, AS ax. h&dia.ii, ordain, consecrate; hkded(part) 
Orm. 10881; boded LaT,. 21856; ihoded owl and night. 

hadok haddock, rel. ant. 1, 81; baddok Wr. voc. 222. 

baele, A8ax. h«lu, OSax. h^ll, OHGerm. heill, /row 
hAl, heal, welfare, fortune, solus; bSle La^. 30551; a. s. 
Web. 2201; pr. conac. 1326; Degrev. 1766; (heele) „sani- 
tas", prompt, parv. 234; hele, heale a. r. 180 & 312; hele 
(dat) Chaxic. C. t. 3104; to goder („geder" is a miatake) 
h€le come pou hider Wr. an. lit. 9; heale Kaih. 874; 
wip evil beale Mar. mir. pi. 9: hsele (aca) Orm 5378; 
vis. P. P. 4320; Mand. 11; Mor. a. p. 1, 16; mi soule 
hele m. Arth. F. 3655. 
healewater? a. r. 106i 

haieweie heal-cup or drink? Lai,. 23071 ; hSJi (for h41e?)- 
wei Kath. 1707; prompt, parv.; bS.lwei Fum. p. XXXV, 
84; pet healewi a. r. 164; h&lewi Marh. 14. 

haelen, ASax, hslan, 'OSax. bfilian, Oi/(?w»j. heilan, 
Goth, bailjan, heal, Orm. 2218; helen, bealen a. r. 112 
& 330; bSlin '„sanare", prompt, pare. 235; hdle Wicl. 
John 4; Isumh. 486; met. hom. 127; ^ele? apol. 28; hale 
s. s. Web. 1033; bSlde (bealde) (pret) La^- 29541; hSlde 
Rob. Olouc. 244, 3; haled (part) Rob. Br. 7, 6; ji"-. consc 
8323; compos, ihtelen. 

haelend, ASax. hffilend, OHGerm. heilant, 


bfilare 367 

Lai,. 9144; hielende Orm. 2216; hSlend Kath. 186; h4- 
linde o. r. 112. 

hSlare, OHOerm. heilari, healer, Lot,. 9145*. 

hfiide, ASax. hseld, OHGeitn, heilida, health, La^. 
29992; h^lpe (acc.J Lidg. m. p. 69. 

haer, ASax. hser, OS(kb. OJceZ. OHGenn. h4r, OJ'm. 
her, Aoi'r, Orm. 3208; h«r o. r. 398; Wr.treat. 138; Jtfond. 
81 ; Ckauc. C. t. 591 ; (heer) prompt, parv. 235; h&r /w. 823 ; 
8. «. Wei. 79; hor ant. Artk. XLV, 13; hfire (y^^M.4989. 
herseve hair-sieve, I. c. c. 7. 

h^re, ASax. heere, Olcel. hsera, OfiGerm, hftrre, Aow^ 
c/o(A, BeJfe. 2231; hereii (hearen) (]^.) a. r. 10. 

haes, ASax. hsea, /rom hSten, command; hes Gaio. 
yioM.; fwrn. p. VIII, 174; h4s ^Zis. 444; hiBse (ace.) 
Orm. 3537; compos. bihsLs. 

best kest, command, promise, a. r. 420*; Ghauc. C t. 
14062; h^ate Shoreh. 98; (ace.) a. r. 58; Bek. 381; C. o/ 
(. 172; Alis. 1330; m. ^rtA. F. 3686; fine hfiste Xa^. 
2494; heaste Katk. 235; Mstes, hasten (pi.) a. r. e & 8; 
compos, outhfet 

haete, ^Sacc. hffito, Oi^m. hSte, OHGerm. heizi, /rom 
hit, Aeoi, coZoi-, Orm. 13855; h4te a. r. 238; WV. treat 
136; Percev. 862; .dud. 46; heate Kath. 1701. 

hetin, jlSaa:. hcetan, Olcel. heita, OHGerm. heizen, 
Aert(, caiefacere, prompt, parv. 238; h^te ifa»v;. 247; heateo 
a. r. 404; hfitte fprei^ CAawc. a. f. 145. 

haep fhSth), j4''(ia;, hffid (crt>ti,(AipniM), OHGerm. heida 
(myrice, thymus), MHGerm. heide (myrice, campus inctdtiis), 
Olcel. heidr (tesqua), Goth, haipi {if 000), heath, erica, 
ericetwm, campus incultus, Furn. p. XXIX, 30; (heep) 
vis. P. P. 10541; Chauc. C. t. 6; both? Launf. 250; 
he|)e (dot) Mor. a. p. 2, 535. 

hepelich, Olcel. hsediligr, mocking, scornful, Trist. Ill, 55; 
hsejielij (adv) Orm. 7408; hepeli met. hom. 43. 

!iepe(n), Olcel. haids., mock, scorn, Wr. spec. S7; hfepen 
(pres.) Orm. 13682. 

haeping, Olcel. haBding, mocking, scorn, Orm. 19702; 
heping s. s. Web. 91; Chauc. C. t. 4108; ps. 78, 4; Bob. 
Br. 273. 4; Town. myst. 310; Mor. a. p. 2, 710; Amad. 
Bobs. II, 5. 

haepen, ASax. haeden, Olcel. heidinn, OSax. hddin. 


2es bseeteiiesse 

OHGerm. heidaner, heathen, Orm. 1948; h^pen vis. P. P. 
10541; Mand. 3; h^piu Octav. 1598; haipen met. A«m. 99; 
Isumb. i24; pr. consc. 5521. 

hsependom heathendom, paganism, Orm. 9673; beadendDm 
Kaih. 35. 

baedenesse paganism, (ace.) La^. 29388; hdpinesse 
vis. P. P. 10609; hfipenesse (dot.) Ckatic. C. t. 49. 

haft, ASax. hreft, OHGerm. befti, Olcel. hepti, haft 
(heft), capvlus, manubrium, Wr. p. a. 339; Flor. 1636; 
Wict gloss.; beft Wr. voc. 201; prompt, pare. 232; uoder 
heft and under band s. s. Web. 259. 

bagge, MHGerm. hacke? hag, via. P. P. 2854; beggen 
(pi) a. r. 216. 

ba^e, ASax. baga, ODutck bage (baghe), Olcet. bagi, 
Aaw, aepes, lociia sepe circumdatua ; ha3e, babe (dot. ace) 
owl and night. 585 & 1601; hagb (ace) Hrdliw. diet. 428; 
hawe (dot) Chauc. C. t. 14270; Hartsh. met. t. 16.7; mo- 
rum apinae <dbae, (ace.) Rob. Glouc. 524, 20; c. of I. 505; 
Ckaue. C. t 6241; Moccl. I, 380; bawen (pi) Alis. 4983; 
bawes vis. P. P. 5615. 

basporo hawthorn, Fum. p. XIII, 187; bawepom vis. 
P. P. 11154. 

hajel, ASax. bagol, heeg(e)l, OHGerm. hagal, Olcel. 
bagl, hail, grando, owl and night. 1000 ; hawel Wr. treat. 
137; bail vis. P. P. 8362. 

haweli(n) had, Brand. 32; hailesA're*^ tVr.woc. 201. 

bajher, 07cei. bagr, op(, dearterojM, Orm. 13471; hawor 
(hajer, baher) a. r. 52; bawer Wr. p. ». 155. 
ha^berhke aptly, properly, Orm. 1214; bagberhcb(e) Mor. 
a. p. 2, 18. 

bai (baye?), ASax. bseg, bege? MHGerm. bac gen. 
bages? hay, aepes. Chaw. r. r. 54; HaUiw. dict.439; heie 
(dot) owl and night. 817; haies (pi) ps. 88, 41; compos. 
chirchehaye ? 

baibsf ("nbove") ground-ivy, prompt, parv. 350. 
bairif (barife) haireve (hairif), „rabia minor", prompt, parv. 
221; barofe (-refe?) ffalliw. diet. 435. 

beisu^e hedge-sparrow f owl and night. 505; Chauc. a. f. 

baiward hayward, field-guard. Alia. 6756; Wr. apee. 110; 
vis. P. P. 13624; beiward „agellarius", prompt. parv. 2Si; 
a. r. 418. 


hidfiffe 369 

haifare, ASax. heafore, heifer, Wr. voc. Ill; haifre 
Wr. p. s. 239; hekfere HV. voc. 250; prompt, parv. 234. 

hail, ASax, h%l, OHGerm. heil, Goth, haili, kail, aalug: 
dronk hire hail Rob. Gtouc. US, 7; hail, seint Michel 
rel. ant. 2, 174; heil, fair wtf lud. Cov. 25. 

heilin ^ail, „aalutare", prompt, parv. 233; he3len 
Orm. 2814; hailede (V^^ ^3- 18580. 

haiisen, ASax. hselsian, hilsian, OHGerm. heilison 
(augurari)f Olcel. heilsa (salutare), salute; hailse (prea.) 
vis. P. P. 2673; hailses Qaw. gloaa.; hailse (imperat.) 
Percee. 404; hailsed (pret.) via. P. P. 4918; hailsute anL 
Arth. XXVII, 8; hfilsed (part.) Mor. a. p. 2, l62l. 

hain, Swed. hiign, MHGerm. hagen? e7tdoaure,preaerve; 
halnes (pi.) La^. 5064; gr€te bertea in pe haines Halliw. 
diet. 439; fayere parkes inwip hainus Degrev. 70, 

hake, ASax. hrocce? OBvteh haek, OHGerm. haco, 
hacco (uncua), htdee, uriciia, guidam piseia, prompt, parv. 
222; Wr. spec. 31; Lidg. m. p. 201; compoa. nuthake, 

hakele, ASax. haceie, Gotk. hakuls, Olcel. hokall, 
UHGerm. hachul, hackle, garment, rel. ant. 1, 129. 

haken? ODvtc/i. haeken, catch with a hake (kook)f 
and noght hakke after holinesse via. P. P. 13765. 

hakenei, Fr. haquenee. Span, hacanea, hadmey, vis. 
P. P. 3U1; hakenai Chaue. r. r. 1137. 

hakkin, ASax. haccian, ODutch MHGerm. haeken, 
hack, piompt. parv. 221; hakke Ckauc C. t. 2867; hacke 
(imperat) I. c. c. 52; hackede (pret) a. r. 298. 

hal, ASax. heal? from helen? receMs, eomerf Shoreh. 
160; hale (dot) owl and night. 2. 

h&l, ASaa:. hfi,l, hffil (sanua, aalvus, integer, totus), OSair, 
OFris. hfil (ui.), OHGerm. heiler (saniis, salvua), Olcel. 
heill (aamta, saiws, integer), Goth, hails (uyt^;), (w)kote 
(hale), a. r. 206*; Orm. 14818; a. a. Web. 1064; wunied 
her hfi,t and hseil La;^. 12528; of ine hftle yhfoe pr. cotisc. 
3933; hoi (hool) „sanu3, ifUeger", prompt, parv. 242; Rob. 
Glouc. 86, 18; Wid. John 7; Tor. 1052; Ivd. Cov. 874; 
betere is for te gon ale touward heovene pen al hoi ton- 
ward helle a. r. 190; (be) was niid hool Mand. 88; &n 
liool monep 134; i have bnt oon hool hater vis. P. P. 
8900; heil „aanua", pr&mpt. parv. 233; lud. Cov. 372; 
heil and sund rel. ant. l, 210; hteil seo (heo) pu Laj. 
10498; hail Alia. 3O80i compos. unbsL 


hoUlche wkoUy, Will, glos*.; m. ArOi. F. 935 <fe 3826; 
holli via. P. P. 12964; Ckavc. C. t. 1820; holli, hailli 
Gaw. gloss. 

h^sum, OHOerm. heilsamer, (w)kolesome, Onn.29\5i hol- 
sum prompt, parv. 244; Hoccl. I, 248; holsom Chaue. TroU. 
947; Lidg. m. p.GS; (h)eilsum lud. Ccv. 93; hfilsum apd. 6. 
h&lwende aaluhris, ia^. 2851; healuwinde? o. r. 190, 

hald, ASax. (ge)heald, Olcel. ha,ld, hold, cuatodia, 
easUllum, (nom. ace.) Orrn. 13380; TriaL III, 47; Qaw. 
gloss.; halde (dot.) Iw. 170; holde 2.03, 3839; Mor. a. p. 
2, 1597; Tor. 399 & 2088; pat not & peni had(e) in 
hold(e) Chauc. r. r. 451 ; pe geant atod id his holde 
Percev. 2005. 

balden, ASax. baldan, healdan, OSax. Goth, haldan, 
Ofris. Olcel. halda, OHGerm. faaltan, hold, tenere, a. a. 
Wr. 1233; godes laches halden Orm. 941; haldeu, hteiden 
(holde) La^. 1390 & 1416; halde Mar. a. p. I, 489; laumb. 
304; healden Furn. p. VIII, 28; holden a. r. 176; holde 
harrow. 124; healdep (pres.) Shoreh. 17; boldip featis 
Furn. p. I, 23; (he) haldes pirn wise ja-. c<mac. 794; halt 
a. r. 50; Oow. conf. am. 2, 128; vis. P. P. 11578; wat 
halt (avails) it to telle longe Rob. Glouc. 231, II; what 
bait it long to strive Triat. I, 84; beold (pret) a. r. 108; 
Alis. 323; beold, b^ld Orm. 2225 & 11330; p4 beold he 
bene wai pat touward Hamtone lai La^. 28430; hseld, 
hlUd (beold, hfild) 3914 &. 4546; heeld vis. P. P. 5075; 
Kich.m&; Chauc.C. t. 339; hleld rel. ant. 1, 129; Lidg. 
m. p. 86; huld Uek. 95; beolden La^. 8082; a. r. 152; 
wip pe false (pei) beldeu vis. P. P. 13703; beolde (subj.) 
c. of I. 181; balden (part) Mar. 153; and pus 
es ilk man balden to do pr. consc. 5960; for forlejen 
halden Orm. 2000; baldin met. hom. 49; holden Chauc. 
C. t. 141; be is mochel holde (obliged) G-oio. conf. am. 
1, 368; compos, at-, bi-, i-, uphalden. 

halin, OSax. OZfGerm, halon, hale (haul), draw, fetch, 
„trahere'*, prompt, pan: 223; bale Cow. conf. am. 2, 295; 
Chauc. a. f. 151; IlaHsh. met. t. 513; Mor. a. p. 3, 219; 
halie vis. P. P. 5091; baled (pres) rel. ant. 1, 214; balen 
Alia.992; ant. Arth. XXXV, 5; hsdede (j^et) La^. 16712; 
ihauled (part) Bek. 1497. 

half, ASax. half, healf, Olcel. halfr, OHGerm. halber, 
Gotk balbs, Aof/, ^an<j. 99; half so &eo Wr. spec. 40; 

., Google 

half 271 

half hfire M Sek. 2424; An half jfir (yeer)«w. P. P. 1338; 
'met. horn. 91; pet halve 3er ^03. 3377; pe halven (halfen) 
d6I (ace) Mand. 166; Roh. Br. 48, 17; p4 hielyen dftle 
Las- 7093. 
halfded half-dead, Eoh. Glove. 163, 10. 

half, ASax. healf, OHGerm. Goth, halba, Aai/, «d«, 
La'T,. 1748; flt>6. Giowc. 168, 1; Shorek. 51; wis. P. P. 
2053; hielve (iia(.J La3. 6474; on pis half pe see Mand. 
234; on hope halve Alia. 957; godes halfe on the fart, 
by order, of god, Ortn. 3846; od his halfe in his name, 
Chauc Trod. 2826; bi halve, halves heB^de, La'T,. U893 
& 27913. 

ha!ving{e), ASax. healfunga, halfiings, in part, Gow. 
conf. am. 2, 65; halflunge a. r. 354; halflinges Orm. 16767. 

haijiea, Afino". h&lgian, OHGerm. heilagon, hallow, 
aanctifi, Laj. 17496; ha!3heii Orm. 4413; hMwin prompt, 
parv. 224; hilwe Rob. Glouc. 154, 3; Gow. conf. am. 2, 
370; vis. P. P. 10700; lud. Gov. 61; hfilowe Wid. John 
II; haiewed (pres.) a r. 396; haise (imperat.) Shoreli. 
93; hfilsed (pret.) Mor. a. p. 2, 506; haiyhed p«. 45, 5; 
hAlewed (part.) Mand. 1 ; compos. ihfll3ien. 

hS.li3, J-Sua;. halig, hffilig Uout. ev. gloss., hfl,leg, OSoic. 
hfilag, Olcel. heilagr, OHGerm. heiliger, heileger, heilager, 
holy (holy, hcdlow), Orm. 541 ; hftli La'^. 10130; rel. songs 
V, 253; pr. cmsc. 3690; hfili, holi Skoreh. 8 & 13; hoii 
a. r. 10; c. 0/ i. 7; Mand. 1; W%cl. John 14; hgli rel. 
ant 1,23; on hSlowe Thurs daye i/aiZiw. rfici. 430; h&lghe 
(subsl) saint, pr. conac. 6087; h&lwe, h^lewe .Bf t. 1085 & 
1086; halsen (pi) La-^. 10122; halshen Orm. 6009; ha- 
leweii a. r. 124; h&Ughes ps. 49, 5; hAlewes rel. ant. l, 
38; haiwes Chauc. C. t. 14; hftluwene (hMesene) {ffiem. p/^ 
". r. 94 & 330. 

haiidei holiday, a. r. 20; haii-dai vis. P. P. 3292; (hfili 
dai?) Chauc. C. t. 3309; Mor. a. p. 2, 134. 
h&lidOm holy thing, relic, La'T,. 30328; Bek. 2273. 

hEllincs, ASax. h&ligness, holiness, pr. consc 4240; 
haiinease (ace) La^y 1820. 

ha Ike, from hal? comer, ^,angulvs, lattbtdum", prompt, 
parv. 223; (dot) HaUiw. diet. 429; Chauc. C. t 14433; 
halkes (^) Mor. a. p. 2, 104. 

haUe, ASaa. heaU, OSax. OHGerm. halla, 0/crf. holl, 
hall, „avla", prompt, parv. 222; ^03. 2S038j Ohavc. C. t. 


272 haMi 

2523; (dat.) Wr. spec. 48; (ace.) a. s. Web. 175; Mar. 
mir. pt. 165 J compos, gest-, sUde-, mothalle. 

halm, ASax. healiu, OSax. OHQerm. halm, OIceL 
halmr, halm (haum), culmus, prompt, parv. 223. 

hals, ASax. hak, heals, OSax. OHGerm. Olcel. Goth. 
haia, hals (kause), „coHum",,pr07npt. pary. 224;' Orm, 4777 ; 
vis. P. P. 355; Rich. 2561; a. s. Wr. 2223; Qaw. gloss. 
387; Kob. Sr. 279, 18; aDow. Arth. LXV, 11; lud. Gov. 
342; compos, wikhals. 

halsin, ASax. healsian, OHQet-m,. hdXsen, Oicrf.halsa, 
hahe (kawie), embrace, entreat, „amplecli'*, prompt, parv. 
224; ich halsie „ohsecro", a. r. 348; halsi ia^. 32168; 
Mark. 17; halse Ckauc. c. I. 1289; halsep and kissep 
Lidg. m p. 32; haleende (part.) Wid. gloss, [halched 
kalshed, embraced, looped, Gaw. gloss.] 

halt, ASaa:. healt, OSnx. halt, OIcd.hsMr, Goth, halte, 
OHGerm. halzer, halt, nclaudtis", prompt, pare. 224; Mor. 
a. p. 2, 102; const, of maa. 154; halte (pi.) Orm. 15499; 
halt^e) men met. horn. 34. 

haltin, ASax. healtiaii, 0/c«Z. helta, halt, „claudicare", 
prompt, parv 224; halteii Wicl. gloas.; Goto. conf. am, 
1, 310; halt* atop? Hoccl. VI, 42; halted (pret.) ps. 17, 
46; haitinde (part.) Wr. spec. 48. 

halter, ASax. haslfter (?), OHGerm. halftra, ODutch 
fealfter, halter, halter, owl and night. 1026; Bek. 1174; 
helteT (haiter) prompt. para. 235; helter Mar. mir. pi. 185. 

ham? Dutch haam, kame, horse-collar; hames (pi.) Wr. 
voc. 163; compos, b^rham. . 

ham, ASax. hamm, homm, OHGerm. hamma, Olcel. 
horn, ham, „poples'*, lel. ant. 1, 8; hamme prompt, parv. 
225; hoinmen (hammes) (;^.) a. r. 122; hommea Mor. 
a. p. 2, 1541. 

ham, ASax. hftm, OSax. hem, OHGerm. heim, Olcel. 
heimr, Goth, haims, home: hila & h&m Orm. 1608; h&m, 
h6m La^. 2644 & 19455; nute 5e his hom owl and night. 
1749; ham sho hied fast Iw. 1836; come hom s. s. Wr. 
2499; at h&me Percev. 338; at boom Chauc. C. t 514; 
b^m lud. Gov. 30. 
homcome homecome, Wr. an. lit. 9. 

homli homely, ndomesticua", prompt, parv. 244; Chauc. C. t, 
9666; hfimeli secretly, Gaw. gloss. 
hdmlinesse homeliness, familiarity, Ckauc. C. t. Tyr. p. 1 1 8, 


hame 273 

h&msOkne „^uite de entrer en autri ostel A force", rel. ant. 

1, 33. 

h&mward homeward, Bek. 254; homward vis. P. P. 1745. 

hame, ASax. hama, OSax. OHQerm. hamo, covering, 
prompt, pare. 224; Al^. 391; compos, feeler-, Uc(h)aine. 

hamelen, ASax. hamelian, OHGerm. hamalon, Olcel. 
hamla, hamble; hameled (paH.) Chauc. Troil. 2056; iham- 
led cut off cr. F. P. 598. 

hamer, ASax. hamor, homer, OSax. haniur, OHQerm. 
bamar, Olcel. hamarr, hammer, Chauc. C. l. 2510; bamur 
prompt. parv. 225; hameres (pi.) Brand. 22; homerea 
a. r. 284. 
hamersilii[) „maUeator", Wiel. gloaa. 

bameren hammer; homered (pret.) Gaw. gloss. 

hammen? OFrw. hamma, hemma, ifflGcrm. hemmen, 
hem, restrain; hamid (part.) Mar. mir. pi. 109. 

bampren hantper, impede; iiampris (pres.J Will, gloss.; 
bamperde fpret^ him in his bolde Flor. 1175; min bert(e) 
is so hampered (part) Hartsk. met. t. 277. 

haunche, Fr. banche, haunch, a. r. 280. 

hand, ASax. OSax. hand, Goth, handus, Olcel. hiind, 
OHQerm. bant, hand, Orm. 14684; Iw. 2086; Lidg. m. p. 
49 ; an baud i 30W h4te / promise you in hand, Degrev. 
1400; bond Bek. 299; ifojirf, 172; Chauc C. t. 193; pe 
hfirre hood habben Kath. 758; he hede |>e bfiire bond 
chron Engl. 268; peos children weoxen an bond La'7,. 
7165; pe wunde pet Iyer wursed an bond a. r. 326; habbe 
an bonde Wr. spec. 41 ; wind beom stod an honde £03, 
22313; hivoreu bond a. r. 212; in hande brSde Chauc 
C. t. 3809; honde (pL) Fum. p. XVII, 170; ffom 200; 
honden c. of I. 625; chron. Vilod. 79; bende Iw. 3151; 
pr. consc. 3214; Mar. mir. pi. 138. 

baudfaaten handfast; handfest (part) Orm. 2389; ibond- 
fteat L«3. 2251. 

handful handful, Orm. S648; hondful Wicl. gloss.; honful 
a. r. 254. 

bandeperc, ASax. handgepeorc, hatidiwork, Orm. 5054; 
hondiwerc rel. arU. 1, 48; hondiwerk Wr. spec 60. 
handeprit, ASax. handgeprit, handtoriting, Orm. 13566. 
bondbwTle little while, (dot) ZatA. 2183*; bondewhile 3for. 
a. p. 2, 1786. 
han(d)sale, Olcel. handsat, handsel (hansel), prompt, pare. 


274 haudil 

226; hansel Gow. conf. am. 2, 373; haasell dep. of B. 

30; hanselle (dot.) vis. P. P. 3128. 

haii(d)selle(ii), ASax. faandsellau, handsel, prompt, pare. 


handsum, ODiitch haudsam (dearter. Iractabills, commodvs), 

handsome, prompt, pare. 225; handsoiu Tor. 1301. 

haudil, ASax. handel, handle, prompt, parv. 225. 

handlin, ASaar. handlian, handle, prompt, parv. 225; 
handlen Orm. 18913; hondlien Lai,. 1338; hondlen a. r. 
B78; haiidlede (pret.) Bek. 1983; hondlede a. r. 318; 
handiide Pior. 2112. 

bangeii? Olcel. haiiga (?), hang, pendere, La^. 5725; 
beong, ASoit. OFris. h^Dg, OHQerm. hiaiig, (pret.) La;^. 
6738; hfing Orm. 7339; Aiis. 6750; Mand. 93; Chauc. 
C. t. 160; (heeiig) Wicl. glo^s. 21; hlng .KtcA. 5053; h^n- 
gen £03. 5722; Skoreh. 85; hSngen hiDi on heigh vis. 
P. P. 805; hiugen Qoie. conf. am. 3, 47; ihonge, ASair. 
hangeu, OSax. OHQerm. hangaii, (part.) owl and night. 
1134; compos, an-, bihangen. 

hangian (haugen?), ASax. hangian, hoogian pret. han- 
gode, Oiiax. hangon, OHQerm. hangen, he 11 gen pret. 
hang(e)ta, Olcel. hengja prtt. hengda, hang, pendere, uis. 
P. P. 12842; hongieu ^05. 510; henge Mor. a. p. 2, 
1584; hinge Eglam. 557; hongep (yres.) Wr. treat. 137; 
hangede, -hongede (pret.) La^. 13109 & 29559; hanged 
vis. P. P. 596; per fire loverd liongede a. r. 106; hengde 
Orm. 13773; hongeden Koith.ZZl; hanged fjooirf^ via.P.P. 
350; honged k. 0/ 2". 979; henged Orm. 1018; compos. 
an-, bihangian 

hannen? let pu JiA hundes hannen to gaderes iwj. 
31676; and betwixe p&m he hande (pret.) k table of 
golde Halliw. did. 431. 

hap, Oleel. happ, hap, fortune, La^. 3857; Kath. 187; 
via. P. P. 7655; ps. 90, 12; gSd hap Rob. Glouc. 412, 2; 
Skoreh.52; evel happe s. s. HV. 1744; Tor. 645; happes 
("^y Wr. spec. 24; harde happes ij'rfy. m. p. 225; compos. 
un-, wiperhap. 
?hapli „forte", prompt, parv. 226. 

happin Ao^'' """^i'l prompt, parv. 226; happe J^/or. 
112; (imperat.) Mor. a. p. 2, 626; happed (pret) Percev. 
2244; happid (part) Town, myst, 98; see whappin. 

happei,n), happen, vis. P. P. 3887; Hoccl. VI, 70; 

happen 27 S 

happej) (pres) Majid. 242; Lidg. m. p. 27; happed (pret.) 
Gow. conf. am. 1, 199; Chauc. C. t 1191. 

happen, Olcd. heppen, /orfttna^e, Mor. a. p. 3, 18. 

happenen happen; happenep (pres.) Mand. 158; hap- 
ned (part.) HaUiw. diet. 433. 

happi happy, prompt, parv. 226; pr. eonsc. 1334. 
happiliche happily. Will, gloss. 

har, ASax. hir, Olcd. hftrr, hoar, koary; hasr LaT,. 
16372; hoor wis. P. P. 3962; Chauc. C. t. 3S76; (oor) 
a. s. Wr. 27; hore hiiie koarhound, marrubiuni, Wr. voc. 
139; hore (dat) m. AHh. F. 314; hire (^.) Trist. I, 35; 
Percev. 230; h6re Orph. 207. 
hfirfrost IFtci. ;/ioss.; horforst Wr. treat. 137. 

hard, ASax. heard, OSax. hard, Go(A. hardus, Olcd. 
hardr, OHOerm. harter, hard, strong, sevei-e, Wr. spec. 
105; pr. coTisc. 806 ; (ard) fiofe. Glouc. 213, 8; hard & stare 
Orm. 1596; Strang & hard 6326; ruh & hard & sharp 
9663; pe king hefde enne pein swipe heard (hard) Lar,. 
1584; herde hSre a. r. 186; pii sciUleii habben hardne 
dom Furn. p. VIII, 86; hffirdere (compar) La^. 4349; 
herdure ff. r. 430; hardest (superlat.) ia3. 4181; he smot 
Corineus harde in63 Rob. Glouc. 213, 8; hasrde bidrungen 
Laz- 8814. 
hardhche hardly, La^. 7480; herdehche? a. r. 290. 

hardin, AlSax. heardian, OHGerm. hertan, harden, 
„indurare", prompt, paro, 227; heardeu a. r. 220; barde 
(pres. subj) La^. 5871; hardide (pret) Wlel. gloss.; har- 
ded (pari) Chauc. C. t. 10559. 

hardi, Fr. \i.B.r<{\, hardy, Kath. 11 4b \ Bei.70; eia. P. P. 
13537; Mor. a. p. 2, 143; herdi a. r. 56; hardiere (corn- 
par) Lai,. 4348*; hardieste (supedat) 4181* 
hacdihche hardily, Kath. 676; bardili Mor, a. p. 1, 3. 
hardinesse hardiness, (dat) via. P. P. 13020. 

hardaen harden, asseverate, Orm. 18219. 

hardnes, ASax. heardness, hardness, pr. come. 3515; 
hardnesse Will, gloss. 

heardschipe hardship, a. r. 6. 

hare, ASaa:. hara, Oleel. heri, OHGerm. haso, hare, 
owl and night. 373; Hob. Qlouc. 457, 15; Chauc. C. t. 
686; I. c. c. 21. 

b&ren, ASax. h&rian, become hoar; hore rel. ant. 1, 
125; Aiis. 1597; (pres) Wr. spec. 60. 


S76 famin 

hariin, OFnharier, hardier? harry, pull, prompt. pwe. 
227; harie Chauc. C. t. Tyr. p. 149. 

harlen (harli), OFr. haraler Diet wh. 658, AwW, pvU, 
Fum. p. XXI, 131; harl met. h<ym. 52; hii barlede him 
out of churche Uob. Qlouc. 536, 5; pe wind hem harlede 
up and douQ Brand. 1 1 ; harled (part.) Qaw. gloaa. 

harlot, from OFi: hardel (coquCn)^ harlot, ribald, 
rogue, „8curra^, rel. ant. 1, 7; a. r. 356; vis. P. P. 11584; 
Chauc. C. t. 649; Mor. a. p. 2, 39; Ltdg. m. p. 62; Mar. 
mir. pi. 167; lud. Cov. 217. 

harm, ASax. hearm (acerbus, malignua) Grein's gloM., 
OSax. harm (maluaf) Bel. 148, 18, Olcd. (harmr) auper- 
lat. harmastr (acfrbissimu^ Egilm. lex., ill? an leve [» 
harme an d6 (pe?) g8de Fum. p. Ill, 20. 

harm, ASax. hearm, OSax. OHOerm. harm, Oled. 
harmr, harm, Wr. treat. 136; c. of I. 896; Gow. conf. am. 
1, 270; hearm Marh. 8; hairm (harm) La'^. 2171; herm 
a. r. 116; harme (dot.) Mar. a. p. 3, 17; harmes (pl.J 
^injuries", Wicl. gloss.; „sorrows", WilL gloaa. 
hamful Hoed. I, 413. 
harmles Bek. 2113. 

harmin, ASax. hearmiau, OHQerm. harmen, harm, 
injure, prompt, pari). 228; barmen Matid. 190; hermien 
a. r. 398; hermi Shoreh. 100; harmed (pres.) .fiToxA. 2435; 
hcermde (pret.) La-7^. 9935. 

h a ru e i s , OFr. hameis, Ir. harnais, Bret, harnez, harness, 
„arma, phalerae", prompt pare. 228; Will, glota. 

harneisin harness, „artnart'*, prompt, parv.; hamesche 
Alis. 4708. 

harpe, ASax. hearpe, Olcel. barpa, OHOerm. harpha 
(harfa), Aarp, £03. 4898 ; Mor. a. p. I, 880 ; Lidg. in. p. 30. 

harpien, ASax. hearpian, harp, La^. 20311; harpin 
„citharviare", prompt, parv. 228; harpeden via. P. P. 12903. 

harsk, Dan. harsk (rusty), harsh, prompt, parv. 228. 

harowe, ASax. herepe, Olcel. herri? (herfi), httrrow, 
occa, nr. voc. 234; harowe (harwe) prompt, parv, 228. 

harwin harrow, ocean, prompt, parv. 228; harwen 
P. P. p. 514. 

h&s (h&se), ASax. has, Olcel. h&ss, OHGerm. heiser, 
emp. ODutch beesch, heerscb, hoarse, raueus, Ivr. 3620; 
haast? (hos) vs. 68, 4; bos (hdee) k. of T. 599; Mar. 
mir. pi. 123; nose (dat) owl and night. 504; hoos, hors 


hftail 277 

WicL gloat.; hors (hdrse) prompt, pan. 228; Chauc. b. 
duch. 347 ; (r. w. t&s) Eglam. 927 ; (hoors) vit. P. P. 120) 7. 
hooshsd raucitas, prompt, pars. 348. 
hoosnesse, ASax. h&sniss, koaraenets, ibid. 

liasil, j^Saa:. bsBsel, O/cei. hasl, OHGerm. basal, Aa2«^, 
corylus, Wr. voc. 181; hesil promjA, parv. 238; »^- ant. 
1, 53; haslea (pL) X03. 8696. 
haselnote Mand. 158. 

hasp, .^Soar, hsesp, hseps, Dutch haspe, Olcel. hespa, 
hasp (haps, kesp), Chaac. C. t. 3470; and undcrnepe ia 
kn hasp, shet wip k atapil and & clasp Rick. 4083 : heape 
„*era", Wr. voc. ^2 & 237; haBpe reel, prompt, para. 258; 
hespe hank, ibid.: of grSte haapis w^r pe reinis Odoo. 

haapeu Aasp; haspez (prea.) Gaw.glott.; hasped (part.^ 
jlfffj-. a. p. 2, 419; ihasped ww. P. P. 855. 

hassok hassock, prompt, parv. 228, 

hast, OFria. haest, ODuieh haeste (/wtinotioj, Aa«te, 
Chauc. C. t. 3545; io alle haste Mand. 243. 

haste, ODutch haest {festinus)f 
haetebcbe, OFris. hastelike, festinanter, Bek. 1929; .i^Jm. 
2S25 : hasteU Ooto. con/, am. 2, 262. 

hasten (haatin), MHGerm. hasten, ODutch haesten, 
haste, ^festinare", prompt, pari). 229; Gow. conf. am. 1, 
336; Chauc. C. t. 8854; hastede (pret,) Bek. 272. 

basti, OFria. ODvtch baestig, hasty, Mand. 243; pr. 
coTtsc. 1648. 

hastUlohe, ODutch haestiglik, MHGerm. hasticllch, hastily, 
vis. P. P. 13672; s. s. Wr. 317. 

hat, ASax. hffitt, Olcel. hottr, hat, Chauc. C. t. 1390; 
hfttte (dat.) vis. P. P. 3562. 

hat, /Soa;. hit, OSax. Ut, Olod. heitr, OHGerm. 
heiwr, Act, Z03. 29281; Onn. 1564; Iw. 2030; hot «. r. 
190; (hoot) prompt, parv. 249; ui*. P. P. 11781; Mand. 
55; -Z^^ia. m. p. 193; pe hoote somer Chauc. C. t. 396; 
hate (pi.) Percev. 1969; bote it schon Alis. 672; hattre 
(eompar.) a. r. 400; hattore Bob. Glouc. 531, 22. 

h&t, ASatc. (ge)hS,t, Olcel. heit, command, promise, 
Orm. 13822; hot Bot. -Br. 69, 3; hete (dat.) Amad. Web. 
440; hatea(h6teB) nvota", pa. 49, 14; hetes er. P. P. 688. 

hate, ASax. hete, OSax. heti, ODutch hate, Go(A. 
batia, 0/c«i. batr, OHGerm. haz, Aoie, „oiiiM?»", prompt. 

278 Mte 

2mrv. 229; Bek. 1665; trow. conf. am. 1, 40; Hoed. I, 19; 
pei haddeD me in hate Wicl. John 15; hunger & hete 
(hate) La^. 20728; hate, hete Shoreh. 84 & 161; hete 

Ortn. 1404; otpZ aW »i^A(. Ifi7; t. s. Weh. 1205; it heaua 

disc. 198. 

heteveste 3/arA. 10; a. r. 306. 

hatetich hately, odious, c. of I. 682; hetehche (adv.) Ell. 

rwn. 2, 82. 

hatereden hatred, ps. 24, 19; hatrsden pr. ctwwc. 3363; 

haterede Wart. hist. 2, 5; hatrede vis. P. P. 1639; hatred 

Wr. p. s. 157; Rob. Br. 10, 28. 
hate, ASax. h§.t, caior, fervor: pat uvel hAte icj. 


hatel, ASax. hatol (?), hetol (?), OSax. hatul, Aofde 

("Arttie), odiow.1, keen, Mor. a. p. 2, 227; hetel swerd a. r. 

400; tis hatele tintreohe Kath. 1971; hatele r6ve Jl/firA. 

6; hatelest (svperlat.) 22. 

h4ten, ASax hataii, OSax. h^tan, Gc(A. haitan, Olcel. 

heita, OHGerm. heizan, call, command, promise, La'^. 3 1 607 ; 

h6te Fum. p. XIX, 58; h^te Mar. mir. pi. 152; hoten 

be called, owl and night. 256; hote Chauc. C. t. 1559; 

hote (pres.) command, Bek. 479; s. s, Wr. 511 ; hfite pro- 

mise,Degrev. 1400; an(. .4r(A, XiX, 1; Awi. 28; hatifnfA. 

364; a. r. C; c. o/ Z. 1006; hStep Alis. 12-15; hit (We 

horse) dgp pat mon hit hot otol aTid nigkt. 777; h6tes Mor. 

a. p. 2, 1346; (ich, he) hfitte, Goth, haitada, am, is (icasf) 

caUed, La-T,. 4643; s. s. Wr. 223; met- horn. 149; h4tte, 

h4t Kath. 22 & 1788; hettc a. r. 134 & 198; Wart. hist. 

1, 16; pe furste doubter hette Merci c. of l. 300; i hote 
Chawc. G. t. 1560; what hftttestou vis. P. P. 14602; pei 
hoten Ootp. conf. am. 2, 171; h&hte, haehte, hfihte, heihte, 
ASax. h^ht, h^t, Go(A. haihait, (jwet^ called, commanded, 
promised, was called, La^. 424, 2049, 3347 & 4221; hShte, 
het Eath. 412 & 433; height, hlght Tor. 101 & 1204; 
hijte c. o/i. 176; highte Chauc. C. t. 862; hight pr. consc. 
966; highte, heet wis. P. P. 12306 & 14471; het Orm. 
4922; Beifc. 90; Degrev. 1006; pu h^te JTatA. 540; heo 
h&hteu hine KinebordXaT. 30702; highten Gow. conj. am. 

2, 173; haten (part) called, La-^. 3156; Orm. 5200; was 
h6t«n Marcius s. a. Wr. 92; compos, hi-, for-, ihftten; 
rfertu. hftt, haes. 

hatien, .4Saa:. hatian, GotA. hatjan, OSax. haten, ha- 


hatunge 279 

ton, Olcel. hata, OHGerm. liazeti, hazon, haie, odiase, La^. 
2fi740; via. P. P. 5794; haten Omi 5062; hatin prompt, 
pari!. 229; (pe) hatied (prea.) Mark. 17; hatede (preL) 
n. r. 130; hated (part.) Wr. gpec. 37; ihated Alts. 1544. 

hatunge, ASax. hatung, hating, a. r. 200; hatinge 
(dat.) La'T,. 8321. 

heting, OHGerm. (pi)heizuQga, promiae, HalUw. diet. 
447; Mar. mir. pi. 136. 

hatre (hatere), ASax. hsetru, pi. o/" *liBet, MHGerm. 
haz, hsez, dotkea, garmerUa, Halliw. diet. 437; (dat.) Mor. 
a. p. 2, 33 ; naked pei g5p, wipouten hater (r. hatre) 
Aiiit. 7054; hater (aa a aingvi.) via. P. P. 8900; heater 
(hatter, hetter) «. r. 418; hateren fdat.) 104; (a-* nom. 
or aec.) Laj. 30778; hattren Wr. spec. 110. 

have, OHGerm. ha.h'A, poaaeasiou, property. 
havelSs Gow. conf. am. 2, 214; haflgs Town. myst. 152. 

havec, ASax. hafoc, OHOerm. habuh, Olcel. haukr, 
hawk, owl and night 307; havek rel. ant. 1, 265; hauk 
Chaitc. C. t. 7520; havekes (pi.) La^. 3258; Wr. spec. 
105: haukes vis. P. P. 2331; compoa. goshauk. 

haven, ASax. habban pres. hcebbe, hafa pret. hcefde, 
OSax. habbian, hebbean pret. liabde, OFria. habba, hebba 
pret. hede, Olcel. hafa pret. hafdi, OHOerm,. haben pret. 
habeta, Ooth. haban pret hahaida, have, Havel. 609; har- 
row. 98; havin, hkn prompt parv. 225; have ant holde 
Wr. apec. 35; Lidg. m. p. 29; have, h4n vis. P. P. 217 
& 4089; Chauc. C. t. 492 & 656; h^n a. s. Web. 294; 
Boccl. I, 31; hafe Percev. 915; hafen, habben Orm. 123 
& 4964; habben La^. 145; Kath. 291; a. r. 10; habben 
and owen c. of I. 132; hebben Alis. 4940; ich afe (pres.) 
lai le fr. 268; hafe, habbe Orm. 465 & 958; habbe La-2,. 
464; Beh. 353; c. of I. 329; havest iaj. 2275; a. r. 236; 
harrow. 57; hafest Om*. 12236; hist c o/" J. 950; haved 
a. r. 186; hafep Orm. 153; haved, hafd Xn3. 1331 & 1926; 
havep, hap Bek. 162 & 184; hk^Chauc. C. t 917; Hoccl 
I, 437; Lidg. m. p. 28; hep Skoreh. 95; (we, je, beo) 
habbed iaj. 460; tr. r. 2; l^n treat 135; havede, hafde, 
hevede, hefde f>rrf^ La^. UO, 226, 4887&25il4; hafde, 
hefde Katk. 289 & 322; hafde Orm. 6; hefde a. r. 124; 
hevede HV apec. 36; harrow. 7; hadde JIfand. 2; Chauc. 
C. t 48; TVk^;. /oAm. 5; i had 14vir ^n horn ii«i. Com. 34; 
hedde Wort. Ai«(. 1, 15; c. of I. 308; compoa. bi-, ihaven. 


380 haTea 

haven {havien?) have (haave), levare ; p&ih&yea (pres.) 
ant. Arth. XV, 6; hof, ASax. OSax., OflGerm. 
huob, (pret.) hove, La^. 28018; Orm. 16705; pa. 120, 1; 
pou hove Horn 1277; hoven Alia. 5889; hoven, ASax. 
hafen, OHGerm. habaner, (part.) hoven, rel. anL 1, 130; 
Hartsk. met. t. 29; Mor. a. p.2, 206; pr. co?MC.3l26; ho- 
feii Orm. 2649; hovin Amad. Bobs. XX, 8; ihoven a. r. 
282; see heven. 

haven, ODutck haven, Olcel. hofn, haven, La^.7ilb; 
Mor. a. p. 2, 426; Hoed. 1V,9; havene (dot.) Bek. 1160; 
havenes (pi.) Mand. 46. 

haver (bafir), ODutch haver, Olcel. hafri, OHGerm. 
habaro, haver, oat, aoena, Wr. voc. 233. 
havercalce vis. F. P. 4366. 
havirstraa Halliw. diet. 438. 

h&we, A8ax. h3.i»e? hsepen? blue, „azure% Gaw.gloaa.; 
hiwe as pe leed test of Cres. 257; wip hAwe (?) bake 
Chauo. C. t. 4515; haa hew ant. Arth. II, 5. 

hAwen? ASax. b&pian, Aaw, Zooi. 

hAwere, ASox. bSpere, spy; hiuweres, hteweres (pi) 
La^. 19638 & 30465. 

be, ASax. Obax. he, OFris. he, hi, Gotfi. his? is? Lai. 
is? OHGerm. ir, er? A^, Za^. 3; z^m. P. P. 136; he, ha, a 
Shoreh. 120&ia5; e Hick.thet. 1,225; his {'^ctU La3. 62 ; 
Bek. 4 & 1576; via. P. P. 184; his godes suos deos, Marh. 
4; is Wr. p. s. 249; him (dot) iaj, 48; sch^ swor him 
(to him) Ckauc. C. t. 6543; him (/or bine) a. r. 312; Orm. 
208; Bob. Glouc. 490, 23; him (fm- he) self Kath. 1085; 
h.iae(acc.) La;^. 323; a. r. 58; owl and night. 82B; Shoreh. 
4 & 80; chron. Engl. 612; beo, ASax. heo, hio, OFris. 
bio, bill, Lat. ea? (motw, acc^ Aoo, sAe, Loj. 144 & 24557; 
a. r. 8; Bob. Glouc. 237, 15; c. of I. 301; uw. P. P. 1413; 
^ud. 59; heo, ho, hi owl and night. 19, 32, 932 & 937: 
heo, ha Kath. 80 & 117; Mark. 2 & 6; hie rei. ant. 1, 
128; Zffli ^e/r. 114; hue Horn 76; Wr. spec. 30; h4 26; 
h^ hi Shoreh. 121 & 136; gS re^. ani. 1, 214; ho Mor. 
a. p. 1, 177; cr. P. P. 817; ant. Arth. I, 13; hoe Wr. 
an. lit. 3; 3h6 Orm. 115; hire (^em. (^ot.^ -^iS- 192; Onn. 
235; wii. P. P. 151; CAaMC. C. t 927; hire cun i?ei. 61; 
wip hire 60; al is hire (hers) a. r. 46; hir Percee. 190; 
bur Triam. 24; hire (for hij owl and night. 1079; Jiw. 
525} vis. P. P. 675; jbo pas hire self god pidpe Orm. 


hetin 381 

8685; hit, ASax. OFn», hit, OSaa: it? Goth, hita? ita? 
Lot. it? OHGerm. iz? (nnm. ace.) it, LaT,. 11; Bek. 25; 
Shoreh.BQ; Alis. 166; harrow.160; a. a. H-'eft. 277; Eglam. 
49; JtMi.2; it Oi-m. 763; dw.P.P.63; J/«»(/. 13; Cftanc. 
C. (. 39; hit bicomep to & pikke bl6(l and chaugel) liib 
(lis) bleo HV. (reot. 139; heo, ASax. heo, hio, hie, hi, 
Oi^m.hia, (nom.acc. pi.) they, a. r. 142; c. of l. 52; heo 
(hii) Laz- 1 6, 283 & 309 ; heo, hi owl and night. 924, 1 255 
& 1304; heo, h4 Kaih. 264 & 648; hie rei. aM(. 1, 128; 
hii Boh. Glove. 237, 5; hii, hi vis, P. P. 573 & 842; hi 
Fur/i. p. VIIl,2l; Shoreh.lQ; hue Aaii*ow. 237 ; he Havel. 
162; Wr. spec. 75; ha Mark. 2; A Hick. thes. 1, 225; 
heore (gea) Lot^. 25; heore pine Furn. p. VIII, 146; 
e3per h^re (heore) either of them. Orm. 119 & 413; h4re 
Mand. 11; Chawc. C. t. 588; Degrev. 756; bi hfire beire 
rdii Befe. 2438; hore (heore) a. r. 28; he ia hire aire 
schuppend Kath. 304; ar(ej iondes W^r. p. s. 150; huere 
non Horn 1260; heom (dot.) Fvm. p. VlII, 146; owl and 
night. 1613; Aits. 61; heom (h4m, j&m) inj. 27 & 402 
h^m Orm. 50; Mand. 11; CAoitc. C. (. 18; Tor. 1198 
i/occ;. F, 12; ech of h6m Wr. treat. 132; h&m a. r. 30: 
hom Gaw. (?ioiw. 390; ant. AHk. X, 13; Degrev. 2; heom 
(for heo, acc^Xa3. 358; oiol and night. I25I; hAm (Tbr 
hi, acc;) BTo/A. 280; u. r. 8. 

heaii? ASax. hean, OHGerm. honer, Gc(A. hauns, base, 
mean, poor: pis heane . . . tiatreohe Kath. 1971; he seal 
wurden hfine LaT,. 303 1 6 ; hgne (pi) Wr. p. a. 1 50 ; heine ? 
wretch? Chauc. C. t. 13247. 

heanling? vde vtan? heanlunges (pL) Mark. 14. 

heep, ASax. heap, OFris. h&p, OSax. hop, OHGerm. 
hauf, houf, Aeajj, acervus, prompt, parv. 235; Mand. 62; 
hasp (heap) Z^tj. 816; hsep Orm, 4330; heape (tiai^ a. r. 
314; Xw^y. m. ^. 106; hepe Chavc. C. t. 577; tfi h6pe 
together, cr. P. P. 1450; heapes (pi.) Kath. 1996; compos. 

h^pin, ASax. heapian, heap, „cumulare", prompt, 
parv. 235; heaped fprea) a. r. 314; hffiped (part) Orm. 

heaved, ASax. heafod, Olcel. hofud, OFris. h&ved, 
hAfd, ODutck hoofd, OHOerm. houbit, Lo(. caput, head, 
Kath. 1360; a. n 10; heaved, h6ved, hSfed Shoreh. 23, 
86 & 149; hSved £oi. G^otic. 17, 21; .^fwi. 205; Mand. 


10; j>r. cmtsc. 771 ; ant. Artk. XLII, 8; hsEved, li^fd La^. 
1596 & 3856; h4fd met. horn. 39; head Hick. 1732; Lidg. 
m. p. 106; heed ilix. P. P. 11508; II*W. John 13; h6d 
Toi: 704; compos, foreheved. 
hevedlond Halliw. did. 447. 
hspfedmait Ojtm. 297, 
hevedtoiiu Rob. Glove. 23, 4. 
h6d|)ew c. o/ i. 799. 
heedweik prompt, parv. 232. 

h € f d i n , hSdin, ASax. heafdian, head, ndecollare". prompt, 
parv. 231 ; compos. bihSfden. 

hSvedling, AHax. heafodling, chieftain, Lar,. 9986*. 

hSdlinge, Germ, haiibtlings, headlong, W id. gloss. 22; 
Alia. 2261. 

hebben, ASaa-. hebbjin, OSaar. hebhien, OHQerm. 
beffan, Olcel. hefja, Goth, hafjan, heave, La^,. 9010; a. r. 
156; hebbe Rub. Glmc. 17, 8; Shoreh. 18; hefde (pret.) 
ia^. 6768*; hevede Wicl. gloss. 22 ; compos, anhebhen. 

hechele, ODutch hekel, OHGerm. bacbele, hatchel 
(heckle), Wr. voc. 156; hechil rel. ant. 2, 176; hekele 
protnpt. parv. 234; hekile WV. voc. 269. 

hekelin hatchel (heckle), prompt, paro. 234. 

b4de, OFris. bode, OHGerm. huota, heed, face.) Fvm. 
p. IX, 26; 3. 8. Web. 1169; Rich. 3766; pr. consc. 592; 
taken hede Wr. spec. 35; (heede) Chauc 0. t. 305; Lidg. 
m. p. 66. 

h6den (bMe), ^Saa:. hMan, OFm. hoda, OHGerm. 
huoten, heed, Wr. spec. 22 ; Fvm. p. F=, 33 ; Mcr. a. p. 
1050; heddsa (pret) La^. 17801; comics, bi-, i-, forbedeo. 

hedi heedyf Wr. spec. 22. 

hegge (hedge), ASax. hecg? ODutch hegge, MHGerm. 
hecke, hedge „sepes", prompt, paro. 232; liegge HV. spec. 
110; Lidg. m. p. 116; (dat.) owl a/id night. 17; (ace.) Aits. 
783; begges {'pi^ Wr. treat. 137; )>/». i*. P. 1624; CAomc. 
C. (. Tyr. 15224. 

hegge n(hedgin), OOwtcA heggen, hedge, „sepire", prompt. 
pari). 232; begged ('^Brf.J Lidg. m. p. 181. 

he 3 en (heghin), ASax. begian (?), MHGerm. hegen, 
hedge, sepire, Halliw. diet. 443. 

hfijeii (hegben), ASax. hSgan, hean, OHOerm. hoban, 
Goik. hauhjan, ex(dt, elevate, pr. come. 4119; heien Kath. 
460; heien and fa^rien Marh. 3; h^sen, Mjen Wicl. gloss. 


hfib 263 

23; hgjhep (pre-i.) Orm. 26-10; Mseli Gow. eonf. nw.. 3, 
295; heji ('s«6/^ Slioreh. 52; h^jede (>rrtj Laj. 7097; 
h^iden Mark. I ; compos. ihS3en. ' 

hSh, JSoa:. heah, h^h, OSax. hoh, OIIGerm. hoher, 
GoiA-liauhs, Aij/(, t)j-»i. 2347; hfigh ^r. cojwc. 1872; Isvmb. 
16; hsDh, h^ih, hey iaj. 128, 985 & 2452; Mih «. r. 130; 
Chaitc. C. t. 318; M3 ifet. 1149; Mi pro.itpt. parv. 232; 
h6h? Havd. 1361; Iiogh? Town. myat. 262; honged hire 
on Mh (on high, in altum) Mark. 5 ; he saide an h^h 
(a loud) Wr. spec. 41; an he^ Shoi-ek.&2; Wr. treat. 132; 
on high s. s. Wr. 2330; pe hfije strSte FwrM. />. A'F7/. 
367; An hise strlte To/-. 1526; hei^e Shorek. 2; pis high e 
quene Oou>. conf. am. 2, 113; him po^t it was hie time 
Halliw. diet. 449; heje (ado.) oiol and night. 987; h^^he 
fle^hen Orm. 5991; heie a. r. 424; to h^sen (dat. neut) 
&ne castele Lai,. 5849; heo heolden hine for haehne (ace. 
mascj god 8082; mJd hEe^ere (dat. /em) 3trengde 2188; 
preo hundred htejere (gen. pi) scipeiie 30909 ; h^sere 
(eompar) Wr. treat. 134; h&yere dep. of it 17 , \ \ ; higher 
W1-. cOTtic. 992; h^re Orm. 6297; heire chron. Engl. 268; 
hiere Mand. 92; herre Kath. 768; Marh. 6; o, n 352; 
okI and night. 1635; pS. herre erides La,^. 7835; po h^ihste 
fsuperlat) 1807; hffixt cniht 24587; hejiste Bek. 290; 
h^yeste p}-ompt. pare. 232; heixte a. r. 138; h^xte fitm. 
p. XV, 14; holiest JfiTatA. 4; h^shest Orm. 2146; highest 
;jr. c<msc. 993. 
yh^Sful TT'r. treat. 133. 

h^sllche highly, Fum. p. XIII, 276; hsehhche iaj. 8088; 
h«ih-, heiliche a. r. 56 & 190; hShlrke Orm. 11875; h^sU 
Mor. a. p. 2, 1527. 

h^seV OIIGerm. hohiy Go(A. hauhei? tdtitudo: in pe 
heei3(e) R'w,-/. I iinj/s 9 ; harez . . . to pe hi3e ninnen 
Mor. a. p. 2, 391. 

b4hnesse, ASax. hea{h'^ne98, highness, (aec) La^. 
29734; heihnesse (dat) a. r. 412; heisnease c. 0/ l. 534. 

heischipe excelsitas. a. r. 100. 

hgjpe, ASaa-. heahdo, OHGerm. hohida, (rotA. haubipa, 
height, Mor. a. p. 2, 317; hSighpe Mand. 40; h^i^pe (hijp, 
hijt) ^Vicl. gloss.; opon heghte ant Arth. XLI, 3; h^ght 
pi: consc. 4760; on highte Hoccl. I, 172. 

hei, MHGerm. hei, hey, Katk. 579; Fum. p. XIX, 
137; hai Gaw. gloss. 386. 


284 hei 

hei (hey), ASax. heg, ODutch hei, hoi, Oleel. hey, 
OHOenn. hewe, howe, Goth, havi, Aoy, r.foenum", Wr. voc. 
92; ^ompt. parv. 232; La3. 24441; Ooic. ctmf. am. 3, 
367; hai Iw. 3078. 
heJBtak prompt p-xn: 233; haistak IVr. cot-, 233. 

heir, Lat. heres, heir, Bek. 24. 

held, cnip. OHGerm.ii&\de (clious), keald (heUd), slope: 
pe heighe held Tri»t. Ill, 89; jeond hulles & jeondhel- 
des Lai,. 128B7. 

helde, JSair* held (gratia, fides), OFris. helde (gratia), 
faith, loyaltyf (ace) Bob. Gtouc. 285, 18. 

helde, ASax. he\Ap^ jariadicHon, Rob. Gtouc. 225, 10. 

helde, ASax. helde Wr. voc. 79, tansy, „t'inacetum^, 
Wr. voc. 139. 

helden (helde), ASax. heldan, hyldan? hold, keep, 
Trial. Ill, 46; s. a. Web. 1567; harrow. 105. 

helden, ASax. heldan, hyldan (inclinare), ODutc/i 
OHGerm. helden, Olcel. hella (fundere)., heald (hell), »n- 
d^ie, decline, pour, a. r. 428; heldin promjA. parv. 234; 
helde m. Arth. F. 2f>l; mtn huerte ginnep t6 helde (sink) 
Wr. spec. 48; of his hora he m&de him held(e). Mora 
ch. 674; helde (heelde) Wicl. gloss. 22; p& halle gon 
to hselden (fall doom) Lai,. 28038; he wile i \n mud 
healdeu Katk. 685; heldis (pren) Mor. a. p. 2, 1330; 
Mar. mir. /d. 145; helde (imperai.) I. c. c. 40; helde pine 
4re to me ps. 16, 6; hselde, healde .(pret.) Lai,. 1551 
& 2477; hehalde (held) pit mile in pat fUr U96; held(e) 
Alls. 2621 ; helde (helte) Wid. gloss.; and heit water opon 
pe sta.n Iw. 3fi8; compos, bihelden. 

helder, Olcel. heldr, Goth, haldis, helder, rather, more, 
Qaw. gloss.; a. s. Wr. 1835. 

hele? Oerrn. hole? catte, cavern? helen (jt/^ Alia. 4959, 

hele, ASax. OFris. hfila, Olcel. hsell, heel, ^calx", Wr 
voc. 179; a. r. 112; Bek. 2234; Rick. 3884; Li(^. nt p 
108; heel W'tH. /oA« 13; h61en (pU Marh. 10. 

helen, ASax. OSax. OHGerm. neiRo, heal, cover, con- 
ceal, Wr. an. lit. 8; hele Chauc. C. I. 6532; s. a. Wr 
1111; erl of T. 1034; n,. Arth. F. 143; Min. 22; heolen 
a. r. 146 ; heled (prea) Marh. 15; a. r. 314; hele (imperat.) 
Amad. Bobs. Ill, 6; i. c. c. 40; hal fpt-rt^ Mapea 341; 
h$len Fwm. p. Fill, 81; hole (part) -4ii». 4203; Octov. 
1355; iholea a. r, 146; compos. lorbelen. 

:, Google 

hetecl 285 

(he led) hffiled, ASax. hieled, OSax. helid, OHGerm. 
helid, warrior, La-:,. 11989; heledes (pi.) 1779. 

helien, ASax. helian, OHOerm. heUen, heal, caver, 
conceal, a. r. 84; to helien h4m wip leves wm. P.P. 7892; 
helye /^J. 27852*; heiied ('pres^ a. n 316; helede (pret.) 
Brand. 29; helid s. a. WV. 1234; heled (>are^ H'iUjioM.: 
aow. conf. am. 2, 327; iheled a. r. 70; La«M/. 284. 

baling covering, Oaw. gloss.; Mand. 247. 

helle, AHax. heU, helle, OSax. hella, hellia, OHGerm. 
hella, Goth, haija, AeU, pr. conse. 6437; helle (gen.) 3ates 
(hetlesates?) c. of I. 1341; karroie. 40; helle (rfat^ a, r. 
290; ITr. s/^ec. 39. 
helleftr (helle firV) C>r»*. 1529. 
heliepare (helle pare?) Mark. 9; a. r. 244*; Oy-m. 3593. 

helm, ASax. OSax. OHGerm. helm, Olcei. healmr, 
/i-OTW helen, Afijw, galea, promjit. pare. 235; flo6, Olouc. 
49, 11; K»W(. 2562; Gow. conf. am. 2, 233; helm, hpelni 
La^. 21419 »& 2376e; helmiB (pi.) Percev. 1225. 

helme, ASax. helma, hehn, gubernactdum, Wr. voc. 
274; prompt, parv. 235; Mor. a. p. 3, 149. 

helraid, OHGerm. gehelmot, helmed, galeatus, Wicl.glosa. 

help, ASax. help, OJcei. hialp, OSax. helpa, OHOerm. 
heifa, hilfa, Ae/;), iMorA. 6; a. r. 290; Bei. 162; c. of I. 
1363; WW. P. P. 9412; heipe focc^ Orm. 3193; CAauc. 
G (. 9202. 
helpful Wicl. gloss. 

helplgs £ek. 798; helplees wwr. P. P. 4683. 
helplich, MHGerm. helfelich, helply, Fum. p. J, 1; Gow. 
conf. am. 3, 46; helpeli Wtcl. gloss.; rel. ant. 2, 62. 

helpen, ASax. OSax. helpan, Olcel. hialpa, Goth, hil- 
pan, OHGerm. helfan, help, a. r. 204; Gow. conf. am. 2, 
78; Chauc. C. t. 9327; halp (pret) Orm. 1342; wis. P. F. 
13213; help (halp) La3.9263; a. r. 88; pu hulpe (holpe) 
L03. 8931; (hi) holpen via. P. P. 4009; hulpe jfsufej^ a. r. 
290; Orm. 12033; holpen (paH) 6201; vis. P. P. 2420; 
Chauc. C. t. 10244; Lidg. m, p, 224; compos, ihelpen. 

helve (helf?), ASax. hielfa (helf). 0/»mJcA hehe, 
OHGerm. haibe (halb), helve (halve), „mantihrium'*, prompt, 
parv, 235; helve (dat) Wicl. deut. 19, 5; Ell. rom. 2, 
84; (ace) Orm. 9948; a. s. Web, 384. 

hem, ASax. bemni, hem, fmiria, La^. 4995; bemmo 
prompt, parv. 235; Mor. a. p. 1, 217. 


286 bdme 

hemlec? ASax. hemleac Ettm. lex. 453, hemlic Wr. voc. 
31, hymelic 67, hemlock; „heiiieluc herba benedicta" f Wr. 
voc. 140; ^humlok deiita", 265; whan brom will appeles 
here and liumlok boni s. a. c. Wr. VITI, 20 ; „Uomelok 
cicuta", Wr. voc. 191. 

b^me domestic? owl aitd night. 1113; Wr. p. e. 156. 

heinmin hem, rijii^hriare", prompt, pam. 236; hemmid 
shoiD Mar. mir. f)l. 183: compos, bibemiuen. 

hemp, ASax. banep, Olcel. bampr, Olcel. banaf, Lot. 
cannabis, Or. xavvaPn;, hemp, prompt, parv. 235. 

hempen hempen, prompt, parv. 235. 

ben, ASax. henn, OHGerm. henna, hen, a. r. 66; Qow. 
conf. am. 2, 2ei;heimfi (gen.) a. r. 66; (dot.) Mattd. 49 ; (ace.) 
I. c. c. 22; hennen fpL) rel. ant 2, 272; Wr. p. s. 161. 
henbane henhan-', prompt, parv. 235. 
heubelle name of a plant, Halliw. diet. 444. 

hende, ASax. (ge)bende, ODutch hende, from band. 
at hand, ready, polite, gentle, La^. 25652; a. r. 186*; 
Brand. 3; Shorek 21; Wr. p. s. 192; vis. P. P. 14300; 
3. s. Wr. 3002; Harlah. met. t. 269; Amis 1683; Moi. 
a. p. 2, 612; Ismnb. 177; m. Arth. F. 110 &. 332; wip 
wordes beinde 97; binde Eglam. 1297; aoow. 
Arth. XLI, 7; bendure (compar) a. r. 192; hendore Wr. 
spec. 27; bendest (supei-lat.) Lar^. 13938; a. r. 398; 7w. 
74; compos, i-, unbende. 

hendelaik politeness, ciuility, Mor. n p. 2. 860; bendelaic 
met. horn. 49. 

hendelTcb polite, dextrous: mid hendellche worden ^'*Z- 
26942; hendeliche (adv) a. r. 316; liek. 167; vis. P. P. 
hendenesse politeness, (dot) vis. P. P. 13021. 

b e n d e n (bende), ASax. (ge)bendau, OFria. Olcel. 
henda, from band? cmp. Goth, (fra-, us)hinpan, take, seize, 
li%ch. 4033; s. a. Wr. 2860; bende (pret) La^. 21365*; 
see henteu. 

b e n d i , ASax. (list)bendig ? Goth, handugs (socpo;) V 
handy, gentle, La^. 4833; a. r. 186; Furn. p. VI, 8; Wr. 
spec. 28; Halliw. diet. 444. 

b^iien (nhsenen"), ASax. hSnan, hjnan, OFris. hina, 
ODutch OHGerm. honen, Goth, baunjan, from liean, Aine 
(koine), debase, revile, oppress, La;;,. 28870; beane (heanin) 
Kath. 11)20; be beaaid ant hated me Marh. 8. 


henene 287 

henene („heoneiie"), jlSia;. heouan(e), OSax. OHGerm. 
liinan(a.), Ac»<v, a. r 230; heonene, heonne (hineae, liinnes) 
Laz- 1581 & 10119; lieiine i*eit.31; Fum. p. Vllf, 199; 
heonne rel. ant. l, 175; heonne ford Mark. 12; heonne, 
honne owl and night. HHi & 1671; henneft Hick. thes. {, 
224; Sh<yreh. 41; via. P. P. 814; Hoed. I, 49; hens Tw. 
10; Lidg. m. p. 220. 
heonewanl a. r. 248. 

henge („heeng"), ODutck henge, from hangeii, hinge, 
Wicl. glo»s. 

hengil, MHGervt. henge), hingle, nCurdo". Wr. voc. 
2(il; prompt. pa>'v. 235; henglis (pL) Wicl. gloss. 

hengest („hsengest). jiiW. hengest, O/fGej-m hengist, 
OFria. hengst, stallion, La^. 3546. 

hent, OFris. hent, MHGerm. hinz = hin xe Bm. teb. 
1, 689, tiU, Aud. 15. 74 &, 76. 

henteii (hentin), .^Saa-. hentaii, Aewt. take, seize, prompt. 
pare. 240; Wr. aper. 32; hente Bek. 2203; I'is. P. P. 
9381; Mor. a. p. I, 668; aeoic. Aiili. XIII, 11; Iieutes 
(p7-es.) pr. consc. 2722; honte (j)»'etj La^. 21365; s. s. IFei. 
758; Chauc. V. t. TOO; hent (part.) Lidg. m. p. 22ii ; ihent 
Wr. spec. 23; see henden. 

( h e p e) heepe, hepe, ASaa. heope, OSax. hiopa, 
OHGerm. hiufo, A*p (^^p)^ bacca aenli», s. s. Web. 2532 ; 
CAa«c. 6*. (. 15158; h4pen (pi.) Alia. 4983. 
h^petre Hcdliw. diet. 445. 

hepe? ODiiich MIIGerm. hepe (Jalsr)? what wip hepe 
and wliat wi|j cioke Gotc. conf. am. 2, 223. 

her, ASax. OSax. Olcet. Goth, her, OHGern,. hiar, 
hier, OFris. hir, /(M-e, J/arA. 6 ; w. r. 236; Onn. 241 ; HV. 
treat. 137; harrow. 46; heer, hier Chauc. C. t. 1614 & 
7152; here? /"Mrw. p. VIII, 51; «w. P. P. 76. 
hfir-after (h&- after?) Skm-eh. 164. 
h6r-bi or her-bi (h^r bl?) ow/ anrf wtjAi. 127. 
hSrfore Wicl. gloss. 
h^rinne harrow. 163. 
hSrmid („h4r mid") Laj. 6366. 
hSrof re/. aw(. 1, 217. 
h€ron vis. P. P. 829». 
hei-tD a. r. 388. 
hSrpurh Orm. 12710. 
herat or liCi-ut a. *■. 290. 


28S Ut 

hSr? ASax. OSax. Mr, OHGerm. hSrer (magtms, 

h4rlich, ASax. hSrllc, OHGerm. herhcher, excellent, magni- 
ficent; Mrtiche (adv.) Kemh. Sal. a. Sat. 240; compos, un- 

herber, OFr. herbier, arbor, herb-garden, Alis. 331; 
vis. P. P. 10822; s. s. Wr. 329; erber Mor. a. p. 1, 38; 
Tor. 1968; see arber. 

hertl? herde? ASax. heord, heorde (stitppa) Ettm. lea: 
459, ODutch herde (fibra lini) Kil. diet. 177, herd (hard); 
hordi? nstuppa", iVr. voc. 180; herdes (pi.) „slMppa", 
prompt, parv. 241; Chawc. r. r, 1233; Wicl. gloss. 82; 
hardes Wr. voc. 217; heorden (dot. pi.) a. r. 418. 

(herd?) herde, ASax. heord, ODutch herde, Goth. 
hairda, OHGerm. herta, Olcel. hiord, herd, grex. Will. 
glofs.; heerde prompt, paro. 236; heorde (hierde) (ace.) 
Lot,. 305; heardeV a. r. 334. 

herdeman, ODutch herde-man. herd-man, Mand. 255 ; her- 
demon a. r. 100; hirdeman Orm. 6862; Isumb. 88. 

herde, ASax. heorde, hyrde, hirde, OiSfflor. hirde, ODutch 
herde, OHGerm. hirti, Goth, hairdeis, herd, custoa, Chauc. 
C. t. 605; Wicl. John 10; s. s. Web. 903: hirde Marh. 
12; Orm. 3193; rel. ant. 1, 209; pr. come. 4638; hirdes 
(pi^ me(. hom. 63; Mar.mir. pi. 123; compos, cfl-, 8ch4p- 

here, ^Saa;. O^m. here, OSoa-. OHGerm. heri, Go(A. 
harjis, Aoirf, ft-oop, army, La^. 539; Orm. 3370; owi and 
night. 1700; Jiis. 2101; Gaw. gloss. 388; il/or. o. p. 2, 
902; heere Ortaj!. 1252. 

herber^he harbor, lodging, Orm. 6167; Chauc. C. I. 767; 
hereberje, -berwe Laj. 24556 & 28878; herberewe „hos- 
pitium'^, protiipt. paro. 236; Alis. 5748; herberwe vis. 
P. P* 6430 ; herberewe, herborewe, herburghe, herbore 
Wicl. gloss.; herborow, herbori, herber, harborowe Gaw. 
^ioas.; nerbaruwe a. r. 824; herber Iw. 2985; pr. consc. 
6153; harbor Mar. mir pi. 165. 

herberwin harbor^ „hospitari", prompt, pare. 236; herbe- 
rewen Wicl. gloss. ; herborow, lierber Gaw. gloss. ; herber- 
wed (pret) vis. P. P. 11514; herberd pr. consc. 6154; 
herbarwed (part.) Will, gloss. 

heregODg invasion, Kemb. Sal. a. Sat. 829; hergong okI 
and night. 1189. 


here 289 

heriet, ASax. heregeatu (apparatua mUitaris) f keriot, ¥um. 

p. XVII, 464. 

here-mserke ensiqn, banner, La^. 27469. 

here-toje duJce, Lra^. ,10319. 

here, ASax. heoru, Olcel. hiorr, Goth, hairus? steard? 
La-7^. 2159; Min. 46. 

here, ASaa-. hjre (obediens); compos, ih^re. 
hersiim, ASax. hjrsum, OHGerm. horsam, obedietU, Orm. 
2534; Gaw. gloss.; hffirsum (horsom) Mj. 1S395. 
hersumen obey, Katk. 147; heraumest (pres.) Mark. 4, 5. 
faersumneose obedience, rel. ant. 1, 131; (ace.) La3. 29731. 

b^rei' ASao-. here('i'), OHGerm. heri (dignita^. 
h^rewonl praise, a. r. 148; haere-word Laj. 11917. 
heriful (h&eful ?) Wicl. gloss. 

here, ASax. heore, hjre, Olcel. hjrr, OHGerm. (gaV 
hiurer, mild. Amis 16. 

h4ren, .kSaa^. heran, hymn, OFris.h&rsi, OiSair. horian, 
OHGerm. horrau, Olcel. heyra, Goth, hauajan, hear (hire), 
obey, appertain, Lai,. 3959, 9199 & 18888; Orm. 901; reL 
ant. 1, 129; here pr. come 526; Tor. 1307; sacram. 9; 
l&T%apol. 37; heere, Mere Chauc. C. t. 916 & 6611; hiire 
Mob. Glouc. 165, 4; huire li'art. hiat. 2, 73; hire fwrre. p. 
II, 159; IKr. p. s. 200; s. s. H'r. 457; Yitr^Si (pres) Mark. 
6; h6rde (herde?) (pret) Lar^. 1164; Om. 907; vis. P. P. 
375; Ceyrew. 77; harde ^j^iam. 287; Tor. 623; pa hafve- 
nes pe harden to pSn londes 1^x3. 24062; i have h§rd 
(part) sain tfom. con/". o?w. 1, 367; compos, ih^reii. 

herjieii („h£er;5ien"), ASax. hergian, Olcel. herja, 
OHGerm. herion, from here, hem/ (karry, harroio), vas- 
tare, praed>iri, iaj. 5063; hersede (pret) 1640; hersed 
Mor. a. p. 2, 1179; herjed he helie l/alliw. diet. 446; 
herhede Kath.33G; heriede Will, gloss.; heried Iw. 2874-; 
herid met. horn. 14; harwed Ckauc. C. t. 3512; harewede 
Hartsh. met. t. 25; harowed erl of T. 256; haroed Tor. 
1902; berehedest Mark. 10; iherijed (part) Degrev 140. 

hdrieii, ASax. herian, hserian, hyren? OSax. beron, 
OHGerm. heren, fromh&v'^ exalt, praise, Kath. 147; Mark. 
2; a. r. 88; rel. ant. 1, 216; hSryen Wr. spec. 51; herien, 
hasrien, huren'r' Z.03. 1210, 6234 & 16844; h^rie (r. w. 
merye) Chauc. C. t. 8492; h^rye (r. w. derye) Skoi eh. 28; 
herest (r. w. biwereat) {pres^ owl and night. 1516; hSrede 
(pret) a. r. 414; Bek. 287; hered Mor. a. p. 2, 1086; 

290 hering 

h£reden Hick. t^es. 1, 167; compos. ibStien. 

heriDg, ASaa. bseriog, OFria. hereng, OliGtrm. harinc, 
herring. Hand. 758; Alia. 6589; rd. atO. 1, »3. 

herinnge, ASax. belong;, devcMaiion, face.) rel. ant. 
I, 172. 

hdringe, IiSri^inge f/raise, (daL) Hick. iJtea. 1, 167. 

b^rcwile ^t^tu^ to listen, a. r. 100. 

barken (herken?), Oi^ru. herkia, harkia. ODutrhhor- 
ken, OHGerm. horechen, heark, Chauc. C. L 1528; cr. 
P. P. 308; „berkin augcidtare", prompL pare. 237; herke 
lai le fr. 147; herke (imperat.) bid. Cov. 55. 

h£rknie(a), ASax. bercnian, hearken, IIV. treat. 133; 
bfocnen (hercQen?) Kath. 1735; a. r. 320; Ortn. 7748; 
bfirkne ifocci. I, 263; hfirkne (imperat-) IIV. M^fc. 2ft; 
hgrkQe{> harrow. 1; Chauc. C. l. 22H^; haercnede (}>ret.) 
La^ 10163; bercneden iforA. 21; herkned (yart) Mor. 
■a, p. 2, 193. 

heme, ODuteh heme, home, OHGerm. hirui, 0/ce/. 
biami, Aomj; hernia (pi.) „cerebrum.'' , prompt, parv. 237; 
hemes Min. 10; (bemez) Mor. a. p. 1, 58; bames Mar. 
mir. pi. 122. 

bemepaane „cranium", prompt, pare; Rich. 5293 ; rel. 
arU. 2, 78; bempan Iw. 660. 

herre, AHax. beorr, ODutch herre, Olcel. biarri, har, 
^cardo", Wr. voc. 261; prompt, paro. 2.37; Wiel. /jLoss,; 
(dot.) Gow. conf. am. 1, 36; harre Chauc. C. t. 552. 

herre (b^rre?), ASas:. berra, hearra, Olcel. herra, OSax. 
OHOerm.}ierro {h&rro?), master, lord, a. r. t>; Koh. Glove. 
102, 5; herre, hterre LaT,. 7178 & 24791. 

hert, ASax. heort, beorot, ODutch hert, hirt, 0/cei. 
hiortr, OHGerm. biruz, birz, hart, „oerows", prompt, pare. 
237; Gow. conf . am. 1,54; MaTtd. 238; Degrev. 42; heort 
L(»3. 26762; jL/w. 688; bertis (pL) Percev. 218; beortes 
o. r. 398. 

herte, J^Soa;. heorte, OSax. herte, OZce/. biarta, GoiA. 
bairto, OHGerm. herza, int. cord-ia, keaH, Wr. spec. 38; 
iffflJlii. 3; Gow. c(Wi/. am. 3, 262; iiicA. 2928; Chauc. C. t. 
IfiO; Eglam. 153; herte, heorte Orat. 1460 & 1596; heorte 
a. r. 8; Alis. 20; heorte, horte owl and flight. 37 & 945; 
hurte Wr. treat. 138; Brand. 2; huette /Tom 281; rel. 
ant. 1, 110; hierte Hick. thes. I, 223; harte Flor. 2075; 


bertia 2&1 

Tor. 689; Mar. mir. pi. 150; heorten (pi.) Alia. 246i} 

heorten (heortes) La't,. 6826. 

herteles Ric^. 4410. 

V heortelldhe, MHGerm. herzeliche, heartily, a. r. 390; 

hertehke Havel. 2748; hertili Ckauc. C. t. 764; hertili, 

hertK Will, gloss. 

heorteput Alts. 2250. 

liertespOn heart-spoon, navel, Ckauc. O. t. 2608. 

hertin, ASax. hyrtan, heart, hearten, „animare", prompt, 
parv. 238; herted (part.) WHt. gloss. 

herji (berth), ABax. heord, OFris. berth, OHGerm. 
herd, hearth, prompt, parv. 267; compos, flirherp. 

hervest.iiSaa;. hajrfest, OZ*u(cA herfstjharfst, OilGerm. 
herbist, harvest, „auctumnua", prompt, parv. 238; via. P. P. 

4382; Hoed. II, 27; harvest brand. 32; hervestes {^enj 
ias- 25403. 

herfeattid Orm. 11254. 

hervesten harvest, (prea.) Mand. 300. 

heter hetter (hitter), sharp, rough, Mor. a. p. 3, 373. 

heterhche sharply, fiercely, Kath. Ill; hetterliche Marh. 

6; a. r. 290; hetterli Will, gloss, 229 ; Haruh. met. t. 2C3 ; 

ietterli, beterii Qaw. glo»s. 389; heterli Mor. a. p. 1, 402. 
hepen, Olcel. hedan, hence, Orm. 15570; Mor. a. p- 

1, 231; cr. P. P. 812; Percev. 1904; fra hepen forth ps. 

112, 2; (hethcE) pr. consc. 509; hethun ant. Ar^, XIX, 

11; hipen Bob. Br. 26, 16. 

beven, OFris. beva, for hevien = hebben? heave, Mor. 

a. p. 1, 16; heve Chauc C t. 552; hefen Orm. 11865; 

beoven Marh. 6 ; he heved (pres) a r. 86; baf (pret.) 

Chauc. C. t. 2480; Ell.rom. 2, 85; heat baef (heof) L03. 

1914&6768; hei Kath. 181; a. r. 122; Jiw.22ll7; h^ven 

Kath. 2495; heven, Of/-i«. beven, (part) ps. 12, 3; com- 
pos, a-, over-, upheven; see haven. 

heven, .ijSaar. hefon, heofou, 0/ceI. hifinii, OSoa;. heben, 

heaven, Chauc. C. t. ,1092; Degrev. 1196; pr. cotmic. 7756; 

befen »w«(. Aom. 98; hoven? rel. anL 1, 102; hefne lud. 

Coo, 21; hefne, heofiie Orm. 10830 & 13842; hevene 

Kath. 1799; pe heovone is swiide bSih ; hwo se wule bi- 

3iteii hire &c. a. r. 166; heovene (beavene) io^. 27455; 

heofnes (gen.) Orm. 801; hevene (dat) via. P. P. 3518; 

to pere haoveoe Laj. 29580; a. r. 356. 

bevene-blisse (hevene blisse?) c of I, 113. 

:, Google 

393 herenen 

beTene-drilit^e) c. of I. 225. 

hevenkingP (ma, heyen kiog) rel. ant. 1,224; Fvm. p. II, 
103; hevene-king c. of l. 244; (hevene king) Wr. spec. 4^. 
hevenhch heavenly, Kath. 1784; pe beovenlicbe bird a. r. 
94; heovenliche (dat.) La^. 32053. 
hereaequSne (ms. hevene qii€ne) Wr. spec. 93. 
heTBnrlche rel. aja. l, 209; a. a. Wr. 3450; Qoio. con/, 
am. 1, 265; Mor. a. p. 1, 7I8; heovenncbe a. r. 150. 
heveneware a. r. 244*; hefnepare Orm. 12919. 

hevenen (hevin), (Tlcel. hefna, avenge, met. horn. XVI. 

heveoing, Oleel. hefning, revenge, Halliw. diet 447. 

hefij, ASax. hefig, OSaar. hebig, OHOerm. hebiger, 
tteavy, Orm. 4522; bevi La^- 26067; a. r. 232; Mor. a. p. 
3. 2; pr. conac. 4583; Tor. 1270; apol. 26; hevie (adv.) 
a. r. 32 ; Wicl. Mark 10; beviere (comp.) Fwm. p. XV, 106. 
hefistike heavily, Orm. 4771. 

hevenen (heviin), ASax. befigian, heavy, „gravare, 
maeMare", prompt, parv. 239; hevie Fum. p. XV, 16; 
heveji La^. 18408; beveled (pres.) a. r. 424*; Levjed 
(part.) Wicl. gloas. ; compos, iheve^en. 

hevinease, ASax. hefigaess, heavineas, a. r. 132; be- 
vinisse Wr. treat. 134. 

hep, ASax. beop, hip, Goth, hivi, hue, Orm. 19251; 
heu Wr. treat. 140; beuh (beuj) c. oj I. 710; heou a. r. 
60; beowe La^,. 3071; hewe (dot) Ckauc. C. t. 3255; 
in fines werea hepe Orm. 2172; feir on hewe Wr. apec. 
46; bowe owl andnight. 577; heue ant. Arth. IX, 4; hiwe 
Fum. p. II, 43; hewes fpl) »w. -P. P. 7307; heowes a. r. 
150; c. of. I. 705. 

hewe, ASax. (hipa) pi. hipan, OHGerm. bi(w)o, Olcd. 
(hio) pi. hion, from *heow = *hlw (for eo = \, cmp. iw 
and freo), domestic, servant, Chauc. C. t. 9659; hewen 
(plj vis. P. P. 2192; heowes Wr. spec. 114; see hije; 
compos, isinheowe. 

b4pen, ASax. hiyeu? family, Orm. 594. 

hewen, ASax. heapan, OFris. hawa, OHOerm. bowan, 
ODutch houwen, Olcd. ho^va, hew, Wicl. gloss. 23 ; hS- 
win prompt, parv. 239; hewe Chauc. C. t. 1424; hfepen 
Orm. 10083; to b^wene La-r,. 28030; hSwen (prea.) Mand. 
189; hgw (pret.) a. s. Weh. 592; Qow. conf. am. 2, 263; 
beowen, heuwen (hSwen) han^. 7480 & 9796; bSuen duow. 
Arth. XLVI, 1; b6w6 Boi. Gl&uc. 540, 19; h^wen (>artj 


hSwere 29S 

a. s. Wr. 1712; hSwe Wr.spec. 110; compoa. for-, i-, tohfiwan. 

he we re („hewar") hewer, prompt, parv. 238. 

hewien, ASax. hipian, colour; heowede (pret.) a. r. 
392; iheowed (paH.) 356. 

hexte Horcererf a. r. 192. 

hicchen (hichin), LGerm. hicken, hitch (kick), remove, 
prompt, parv. 239; hicke (imper.) dep. of R. 17, 3. 

hide, ASax. hjd, hid, hide, (dot.) Bob. Br. llO, 27; 
ei^te hide land Hob. Glouc. 297, 9. 

hider, ASax. hider, byder, Golb. hidre, Olcel. be3ra, 
hither, Orm. 209; Wr. spec. 42; Mand. 44; Chauc. C. t. 
fi74: pr. consc. 508; hider in La^. 36; hider to Kath. 
447; hedir Bek. 2439; Percev. 1153; tud. Cov. 52. 

hif? ASax. heof? Germ, hief? horn mid grfete hive 
bloweu La;. 790. 

hi 36, MHOerm. Mje, hie? ^r hiwe (hfiwe)? seroant? 
hisez (jsl^ Mar. a. p. 2, 67, 

hijende, /or hisinge? an hi^ende La^- 26054. 

hisieii (hijie). ASax. higian, hie, hasten, Marg. 267; 
hishen Orm. 2723; hihen Kaik. 412; hien (hihen) a. r. 
92; hieu cr. P. P. 813; highe ^iw. 5133; Me a. a. tVr. 
3J08-, sacram. 860; hijez (V'eS:J -Mor. 3. p. 2, 538; hihe 
(imperat.) Mark. 21; high pe ps. 30, 3; hisede ("prd^ 
^eA. 2124; hiede wis. P. P. 14572; hiseden Laj. 2317; 
hised (>a/^^ Wicl. 1 TAess. 2, 17. 

hi^inge haste: an bipnge ia^. 2358. 

hih haste: wip mikel hih Orm, 2689; an highe s. a. 
Web. 1478: in highe Chauc. 0. t. 4629; in Me Triam. 
277; aM(. Artk. IV, 3; in hi Percev. 918. 
hihful a. r. 302. 

hihen? ASax. hjhan (augere)f in uch kn Mrd pin 
apel is hiht PTr. spec. 33. 

hihde, ASax. hihd, Atwte, (dot.) a. r. 324; Mjte? 
(pnnted Mthte) Wr. spec. 110. 

hildir, cmp. OHGerm.ha\A^v,hilder, elder, „sambaous", 
prompt, parv. 239. 
PhillortrE Wr. voc. 191. 

hilt, ASax. hilt. Mite, OD«toA Mite, Olcel. hialt, 
OIIGei-^n. helza, kilt, La^. 6506; he smot him on pe 
scheld igult, porughout pe bord, porughout pe Mlt Alit, 
1270; hilte dat) Horn 1434; pere bilte (pan helte, heolte) 
La-T,. 1559 & 22510. 


294 Mode 

hinde, ASax. Olsel. hind, 0E6erm.hmta,, hind,cena, 
(dat.) vis. P. P. 10174; (ace.) La^. 2589; Alis. 1889. 
biodehele hind-heel, tansey, Wr. voc. 140 ; rel. ant. 1, 36. 
hind (Mnde?), OHQerm. hint? hind, bnckward. Aits. 
hindward Wid. gloss.; hindeward nvetroraum", pa. 9, 4. 

hinden, ASax. OSoa;. hindan, Ooth.hmd&nR, OMGerm. 
hintana, hind; compos, bihinden. 

hinder, ASax. hinder, Oolh. hindar, OHGerni. hintar 
(retro, post J, hinder. 

hinderfot? hinderfSt (printed hinder fet) (j>i-) Brand. 30, 
hindergat Chauc. r. r, 5850. 
hinderleg I. c. c. 36. 

hinde re? Olcel. hiodri, OHOerm. hin^ro (posieriiir)f 
pe hindre partie Mand. 107. 

hinderest, OHGerm. hintarosto, hindmost, Chauc. 
C. t. 624. 

hindren, ASax. hinderian, OHOerm. hintran, hinder, 
Lidg. m,. -p. 93; hmArm prompt, parn. 240; hindre Chauc. 
a t. 1137. 

hine, ASax. Iilna, (7), hine, servant, Bek. 263; vis. P. P. 
4058; ChauG. C. t. 605; ps. IS, 12; met. horn. 145; Mar. 
mir. pi. 113; hlnen (pi.) La;^. 368; Bob. Glouc. 540, 17; 
Alis. 1215; Wr. p. s. 149. 

bin p, ASax. b^nd, from hean, ndamnum", Wr. voc. 89. 
bire, see he; heres hers, Chauc. C. t 4647. 
bis, see be; sometimes inflected as a possessive pronmin: 
hise limes rel. ant. I, 210; ku of hise men Katk. 406. 
hissin hiis, „sibilare", prompt, parv. 242; see huschen. 
hiahing hissing, Wicl. gloss. 

bitte(n), Olcel. bitta, H i'*s--P- -P. 7656; i:^faw(.269; 
we bitted {pres.) a. r. 176*; ye bitte Mar. mir. pi. 53; 
bitte (pret.) LaT,. 1550; -^^ts. 2357; vis. P. P. 3134; Mor. 
a. p. 3, 289; hit (parti) prompt, parv. 242 

ht{ie, ASax. hjd, Ai(4e, nStatio", prompt, parv. 242. 
hiw? 0/ceZ. hiu (JamiliaJ? cmp. Goth, heivafrauja 

hired, ASax. hljv, birgd, cmp. OHGerm. blrat (conjugium), 
family, retinue, company, Laj. 6152; hird Kath. 81; a. r. 
94; brm. 512; W^r. apee. 32; I'm*. 1, 16; htrgdes (gm.) 
Laz- 2336. 
Ured-cnafe LaT,. 28824. 


ho 296 

Mrd-cniht La'i,. 4316. 

hired-gume La^. 12289. 

hired-mon La^. 2350; hirdmoB Ka0i.-22A1. 

ho, Olcel. ho, ho: hoo to him, hoo, hoo Halliw. diet. 457. 
\iQ, from hon, ko, suspense, cessation: wipouten h6 CAattc. 
TroiL 2175. 

hobbelen, OD«icA hobbelen [hoppelen], /rom hoppen? 
AoMie, (pres.) cr. P. P. 212. 

hod, ASax. OSax. hod, OHGerm. huot, a. r. 56; als 
ich fiver brouke min hod under min hat Wr. j>. s. 332 ; 
hood vis. P. P. 2861; Chnuc. C. t. 103; Lidg. m. p. 103; 
(hode) Perceo. 271 ; hiid ant. Arth. II, 5. 

hodren, LGerm. huderii, huddle: hodur and bappe 
Flor. 112; hodred in pfir hottes Eob. Br, 273, 5. 

hof, ASax. OSax. Olcel. OHQerm. hof (domus, aula). 
hofdans (ms. hove-daiince), ODutch hof-^ (chorea au- 
lica), court-dance, Gow. conf. am. 3, 6. 

hof. ASax. hof, Olad. h8fr, OHGerm. huof, hoof;. 
hove (dat.) Wicl. gloss. 23; hufe pr. come. 4179; hoves 
(pi.) Gaw. gloss.^ 

hof, Oleel. hot, measiM-e, moderation, Orm. 4748; wit(h)- 
liten hove (cessation f) pr. consa. XI; compos, bihof? 
hofleas a. r. 108; hofles Uarh. 17. 

hog, tTeisA hw5(hwch)? Ao^, .^w. 1885; hogge prompt. 
^wn-. 242; hogges (pi.) vis. P. P. 4159.' 

hoje, ASa^. hoga, hogo, care, (ace.) owl and night 
701; howe (d(U) Rob. Glmc. 461, 5; Alis. 1906; s. ». 
fFeft. 1450; face^ rel. ant. 1, 263. 

ho^heful Ort». 2902; hoj-, hoh-, howful oal and night. 
53V, 1290 & 1293. 

ho3ien (howyen), .ASaa;. hogian, ho, care, think, rel. 
a/U. 1, 173; ho^ep (pres.) owl andnight 455; howep? Wr. 
spec. 23;ho3ede('^/-e(^ia3. 13416; cowipos. for-, overhojien. 

boje? OFr. h6g(u)e, hogh (how, hoo), hUl; hoes (pi.) 
ant. Arth. V, 5; see h&T,e. 

hoh (ho), ASax. hfih, ho, hough, Marg. 160; h6383('_pij) 

h6u38enu Wid. gloss. 

hoh? OHGerm. huoh (irrisio)? 
hohful derisive? La^. 14096. 

hohen (howhin, howghin) Aff!/^A, „suiner pare", prompt. 

parv. 251. 


396 hok 

hok (hok?) hodc, „malva'*, Wr. coc 265; hoc 91; hoJi 
hokke ^althaea'*, prompt, parv. 243, 

hok, A6ax. hoc, ODutch hoek, ftoot, Wr. voc. 210; 
<:. of I. 1128; hQke{'Jat-^ Mark. 3: Tor. 2508; hokesfyi.^ 
CM. P. P. 3694; war pe for his hokes HV. spec. 105; 
compos. angilhDc. 

hoked hooked, owl and night. 79; his hokede Deose 
Mark. 9- 

hoker, ASax. hocor, mockery, derision, La^. 17307; 
Mark. 5; Kath. 778; a. r. 100; Rob. Qloac. 272, 19; 
hokir Chauc. C. t 3963. 
h6kerleo() (ms. -lop) Lot,. 28872. 

hokerhche mockingly, La^. rj412; Kaik. 742; o. r, 198; 
H>. ^. s. 204. 
hokerword La^. 19595. 

hokerien mock; hok&rest (prea.) Kath. 458; hokeried 
£03. 15785; hokered (imperat.) a. r. 248. 

hol, ASax. OFris. ODutch hol, Olcd. holr, OHGemi. 
holer, kol (how), nCavus", prompt parv. 242; hole (dal.) 
owl and night. 963; hol (aubat.) hole, Bek. 1152; (hole) 
8. 8. Wr. 2169; hole (dot.) .1/arA. 10; owl and night. ^2 i\ 
Mor. a. p. 3, 306; holes (pi.) a. r. 128. 
hollek, MHGerm. hoUouch, ^eschalot", Wr. voc. 225. 

hold, ASax. OSax. OFris. hold, OHQerm. holder, 
Olcel. hollr, Goth. hulpB, faithful., Orm. 6177; Wr. p.^s. 
214; pin holde mon La^. 14091; holde Ypi.; Rob. Glouc. 
377, U; met. kom. 102; hulde iw. 887 ; holde (adv.) 
Oaw. gloss. 
holdeU faithfully, Gaw. gloss. 

holde, ODidck houde, OHGerm. \ai\Aa,'i fidelity, (aec.) 
Alis. 2912. 
holdeop i?o6. G/omc. 383, 8. 

holh, LGerm. holig Sahamb. wb., hollow, Xa^, 761; 
hols o^^ aw^ w^A'- 643; hols, ^*^^^ (f^^ hole^?) Qaw. 
gloss. 390; holte rel. ant. 1, 54; ant. Arth. IX, 12; holu 
Rob. Glouc. 251, 7; holow prompt, parv. 242;. holje. w4re 
his ijea ifor. a. p. 2, 1695; in pe holwe asche lai le fr. 
209; holwe (pi) Rob. Glouc. 131. 12; Chauc. C. t. 1365; 
holie (mhst) holloio? ^carina"., Wr. voc. 274; holies (pi) 
Laz- 20848. 

holwen kolloto; holwed (pret) Rob. Qlouc. 415*. 

:,, Google 

lio1on3iieSBe 297 

holou3nes8e hollowness, Wid. gloss. 

hoU, /or holin? Ao%, Wr.voc.9i; \i.o\i% (dat.) a. r. AlH. 

holien (holin), A8ax. holian, OHGerm. holan, Goth. 
(us)hulon, hole, caoare, prompt, parv. 243; holied (pres.) 
a. r. 130; holed (paH.) Alia. 5929. 

holien, ASax. holian (oalumniare) f Somn. diction., 
GoOi. holon (oyxo^avTstv) Sch. gloss., OHGerm. huolan 
(fruatrari) Graffs sprsck. 4, 849, calumniate? pat holep 
o pe Ifl-she leod & rippep hem & raat'ep Orm. 9319. 

holin, ASax. holen, hollin, „h(ms", IVr. woe. 163; a. r. 
418*! rel. ant. 2, 280. 

holken, Swed. holka, hoik (hoiak), excavare; hoiked 
(pret) Mor. a. p. 2, 1222; hoiked (part.) Gaw. gloss..; 
holket ant. Arlh. fX, 12. 

holm, ASax. OSax. ODutch holm, Olcel. holmr, holm, 
idand, down, Mil, pro^npt. parv. 243 & 244; into pan h£e3e 
holme Laz- 20712. 

holm (holme?) hi>l'm(tree), prompt, parv. 244; Chauc. 
C. t. 2923. 

holmen of the holm: holmen leves Alis. 4945. 

holste rain-hirdf Wr. voc. 253. 

holt, ASax. OSax. OFris. Olcel. holt, OHGerm. holz. 
h<At, wood, Wr. voc. 270; prompt, parv. 244; holte (dai) 
La^. 826; Chauc. C.t.Q; avow. Arth. XIX, 4; holtes (pi.) 
Percev: 230; holtis m. AHk. F. 3029. 

hon, ASax. hon. OFris. h4a, Qoth. OHGerm. hahan, 
hang, £03. 10009; ho suspend, cease, Toten. myst. 31; pei 
h6 (pres) Goiv. conf. am. 3, 103; i r^de ... of warre 
pat. ye hoo erl of T. 153; ho (imperat.) li heaus dwc. 
1938; ihoa (part.) La'T,. 2086; compos, a-, an-, bihon. 

hoone, ASax. h^n? hone, „oos", prompt, parv. 245, 

hone? delay: wipouten hone he. 3667. 

h6ne(n) stay, delay. Town. myst. II; Mor. a. p. 1, 
920; met. hom. 129. 

houen hone; see henen ;■ compos, forhoiien. 
» honour, OFr. honour, honour, Fum. p. XVII, 508. 

hop, ASax. (?) OFris. hop. ODutch hoep, hoop, Wr. 
voc. 276. 
hopring, ODutch hoep-ring, Ualliw. did. 458. 

hope, ASax.\ioyA, ODutch hope, hope, „spes*^, prompt, 
parv. 245; Zaj. 13899; iTfaM. 8; a. r. 78; Orm. 3816; 
vis. p. p. 1757. 


298 bopien 

bopien, A8ax. hopian, ODutch liopen, Olcel. hopast 
FriUiier'a ordb., MIlGerm. hoffen, hope, sperare, exspectare, 
a. r, 78; hope Rick. 3474; hopie (pres.) Bek. 137; Shorek 
129; hope Ckauc. C. t. 4027; (imperat.) LaT,. 17936; 
hopede (pret.) Rob. Glouc. 33, 9; hoped Iw. 1675; hope- 
den Will, gloss. 

hoppe, ASax. hoppa (bulla), (jlax-)boll. head, prompt, 
parv. 246; hoppen (pi.) „6oce(iMs", \Vr. voc. J 56. 

hoppe, ODutch hoppe, OHGerm. hopfo, hop, „huma- 
/ms", prompt, pan: 245. 

hoppe, ASaa;. (gjers)hoppa, ^opjjer; compos, greshoppe. 

hoppiii, ASax. hoppaii, ODutch hoppen, O/cef. hoppa, 
hop, „8cdire", prompt, parv. 246; hoppa vis. 1". P. 1757; 
Chmic. C. t. 4380; see happen. 

hoppere, ASax. hoppere (aaltator), hopper; hopere 
(for hoppere?) corbis aeminis, Halliw. diet. 458; hoper 
vis. P. P. 3917; )xo^\a prompt, parv. 246; hoper infundi- 
bvlum, Ckauc. C. t. 4037. 

horV OFris. hor, OHGerm. hiior (fomicatio, stupruiit, 
adulterium) f 

?horcop bastard, prompt, para. 246; Triatn. 224. 
hOrdOm, amp. Olcel. hordomr, derived from liorr (adtdter), 
Egilas. lex. 380, whoi-edom, a. r. 204; iSAwe/i. 59; pr. consc. 
8259; Rob. lir. 58, 4; horedom? Orm. 4632. 

liord, ASax. OSax. hord, OHGerm. hort, Ooth. huzd, 
Olcel. hodd, hoard, a. r. 234; Wr. spec. 54; hord of gold 
Oi-m. 6732; hord of apples Chauc. G. t. 3262; hoord 
prompt, parv. 246; horde (dot) La'^. 6077; Gow. conf. 
am. 3, 155; hurde pj*. consc. 5567; horde ( Orm. 
6733; compos, goldhord. 
hord (ms. horde)-hous Halliw. diet. 459. 

horden hoard, Orm. 12281; hordes (pres.) ps. 38, 7. 

here, ASax. OSax. horo, OFris. here, OHOerm. horo, 
alime, mud. fUh, owl and night. 596; Furn. p. XVH, 8; 
li beam dixe. 1477; rel. ant. 2, 243. 

hSre. .ISix. h6re, ODutch hoere, OHGerm,. huora, 
whore, La^. 15579; a. r. 290; 5/i<W€A. 62; Alis. 1000; erf 
o/ r. 65:-!; lud. Cov. 218. 
bfirehous, cmp. OHGerm. huorhas, brothel, Wr. voc. 374. 

hori, ASax. horig, OHGerm. horger, horry, foul, Furn. 
p. V\ 13; rel. ant. 2, 176; hoori WicL gloss.; wiptonges 
horwe(?), Chauc. c. M. a. V. 206. 


hdrling 299 

horling, OHOerm. huorlinc (spuriua), from hor? for- 
nicator, s. s. Wr. 2189; Hardw. poem G, 2; horliiiges ^^i^ 
Fum. p. VIII, 52. 

horn, ASax. OFris. Olcel. OHOerm. horn. Lot. coriiu, 
horn, LaT,. 27444; Wr. p. s. 342; liornes (pi.) Mark. 7; 
Mand. 47. 

horned, ASax. hyrned, OHGerm. (ge)hurnter, Lai. 
cornutus, horned, Octov. 1335; ihumd Marh. 9. 

hornen, OHG€rm.hijrmnev,kortien,cometts, Wicl. gloss. 

hors, ASax. OFris. hors, Olcel. hross, OHGerm. (h)roB, 
horse, a. r. 208; owl and night. 771; Tor. 1171; on horse 
(dot.) Wr. spec. 48; hors (nom.acc. pi.) OMn.8704; Mand. 
38; Chauc. C. t. 7141; horsen (dat. pi) Laj. 24635. 
horsbsre horse-kier, prompt parv. 247. 
horsfleeje horse-fly, Wicl. gloss. 
horaher horse-hair, Fum. p. XVII, 158. 
horskam horse-comb, Halliw, diet. 481. 
horsknave horse-boy, Halliw. diet. 460. 
horsman horse-man, La'i^. 26617. 
horsminte horse-mint, prompt, parv. 248. 

horsed, ASax. (ge)hor8od, horsed, Halliw. diet. 460; 
horsid m. Arth. F. 87. 

hor wen, OHGerm. horgon, /rom hori, render horry, 
fovi; horwed (part) Mor. a. p. 2, 335. 

hose, ASax. OVutck OHGerm. hose, O/cei. hosa, hoM, 
„caliga", Wr. roc. 196 & 259; prompt, parv. 248; La-^. 
15216; Tnst. 2, 34; Gow. coiif. am. 3, 236; Chauc. C. t. 
3fl31; hosen (pi) a. r. 420; Mand.69; Chauc. C. t. 458; 
cr. P. P. 847 ; hosin and shoes wills and twent. 32. 

host (hoost), OFr. host, Lat. hoste, host, army, Mand. 
240; oat Wart. hist. 1, 16. 

host (ost), OFr. hoste, Lat. hospite, host, landlord, 
Chavx;. C. t. 749 & 3116. 

host, ASax. hvosta, Olcel. hosti, OHGerm. huosto, 
ODvich hoest, host (hust), „(MS3ta", Wr. voc. 224; prompt. 
parv. 248. 

hostel, OFr.hoste], Lat hoapitaie, hostel, inn, Gaw.gloss. 

hosteler (hostiler), Fr. hotelier, host(e)ler, keeper of 
an hostel, vis. P. P. 11515. 

hostin, Olcel. hosta, „tussire", prompt parv. 249. 

hoten hoot; hotend (part) Will, gloss.; see huten. 

hotte hot, hipf (ace) Bob. Br. 282, 1. 

L ,-<,::..GOOgIf 

300 faoapen 

bonpen hoop, gkovt; honpeil (pretj tts. P. R 4140. 

hoare, ASax. hufe, OTcd. hufa, OHGerm. hftba, cap, 
eoif, prompt pare. 249; Ckaue. 0. t. 3909; houves (plj) 
via. P. P. 419. 

hoTe.ynwn hCTen? dregs, prompt, pare. 250. 

hovel, ASax. hofei (■•), hovel. loiUa and invent. 19; 
hovil prompt, parj. 250. 

hoviu, ODutch hoveo (cdere horium)i WeUh hofian 
(hover) f Lot. cubare? hooe, dwell, remain, prompL paro. 
251 & 252; Gow. conf. am. 2. 370; Triant. 1471; Lidg. 
m. p. ^■, whi nilt [jou over us liove Cfiauc. TroU. 4276; 
hoTep (pres.) Wr. treat. 136; he hoTcd in de sunne rel. 
ant. 1, 210; hoves Amad. Robs.XLVI, 2; pr. come 7579; 
horez Hor. a. p. 2, 45S; hovede (pret.) Rob. Glouc. 172, 
12; he hovede and abod s. s. Wr. 2825; hoved via. P. P. 
418; pai hoved on pe dode J/tn. 11; thci hovid & hih^ld 
m. Arth. F. 259; and hoveden on heighe over pe lake 
Mis. 5445; hovande (part.) Percen. 533. 

hover, ASax. hofer, OHGerm. hovar (gibbiis). 

hoveret, ASax. hoferod, hump-backed, Mark. 20; 
hoverede (pi) Kath. 1063*. 

hoxe(n), /rom hoh, Aoa-, ^aubneroare"* , Wid. gloss. 

huche (hucche), OFr. hache, ULat. butica, hutch, 
Mand. 85; ins.' P. P. 2314; L c. c. 33. 

hide, ASax. h^d, OSa^. OFris. hud, Olcel. hfld, 
OHGerm. hut, Ai'rfe, £03. 3071; 3/acA. 18; softe, as is 
cnndelTche wummone hiide o. r. 120; huide (ace) k. of 
T. 752; hide Trist. 2, 30; pr. consc. 5299; Mar. mir. pi. 
151; bur sooe was . . . feir of hide and hewe JViam. 
468; hUdeo (dot pi) Brand. 5. 

hUdels (nhiidles"), ASax. hjdels, hiding-place, a. r. 
146; bidils Balliw. diet. 449; Wid. gloss. 23; Mdel ps. 
9, 30; hiidlese (dat) Lai,. 1817. 

buden, -4Saa;. bydan, LGerm.(it!r)hu(d)t3ii, Cr.xsjfteiv? 
hide, abscondere. a. r. 130; huide k. of T. 305; blden Orm. 
1019; hide Chauc. C. t. 1479; met. horn. 54; m. Arth. F. 
110; hut (pres) Mark 15; hut (buides) u. r. 130; hudde 
(pret) LaT,. 13110; Kath. 912; Rob. Glouc. 226,16; Alis. 
2489; hidde vis. P. P. 11585; hud (paH) Fum. p. VIJI, 
39; hid Ckauc. C. i. 9818; compos, bi-, ihfiden. 

hldiies, ASax. (ge)bydneas, hiding-place, Rob. Br. 77, 1. 

hdge huge (hougv), via. P. P. 7060; Mand. 45; Chauc. 

htije 801 

C. *. 2953; Mor. a. p. 2, 1659; hftghe Oow. conf. am. 1, 
236; houge Tor 550. 

hu3e, huie, ASaa-. hyge, OSax. hugi, OHOerm. hugu, 
Olcel. bugr, Go(A. Imgs, mivd, (dot. ace.) La-t,. 3033 & 
4910; hi3 (?) & hope Om. 2777. 

huht („hiht"). ABax. hyht ("spM, gaudium), OHQtrtn. 
huht (aenaws), hope, joy, Orm. 3S16; hi^te owi antin^A*. 272. 
huhtllc joi/oiw; hijtli? (?u?c. gloss.; compos, unhuhtllc. 

huhten, ASax. hyhtan, hope, nyoice; huihted? (pres.) 
rel ant. 1, 132; hi^tel) owl and night. 436. 

huke (htike?), O-DwfcA huike, OFr. huque, MLot. huca, 
hike, cloak, mantle, prompt pars. 232. 

hukel („liuckel"), Olcel. hakall (^) Holders, lex., OSwed. 
hukii Ihre's glosH., cloak, a. r. 88. 

hukea'. Germ, hokeii, hoken, huck, „aitctionari", prompt. 
pan: 252*. 

hukkerie, Oerm. hokerei, huckster's trade, vis. P. P. 

hukstere, ODutch heukster, huckster, „awcfionator", 
prompt. pa>-v. 252; hokester rel. ajU. 2, 1 76; bucsteres 
(gen.) Orm. 1 581 7. 

hul? huU, hut; hule (acc.1) rel. ant 1, 214; bulen 
(dot. pi.) n. r 100. 

hul, ASax. hyll, ODutch Ml? Lai. coUis? kill, Wr. 
voc. 92; a. r. 178; liek. 1717; hil Wm^. JoAm 4; BwA. 
6048; (hill) Om. 9205; hel iViU. gloss. 229; hii Ue (Sat.^ 
Alis. 2550; hulles (^pi^ L03. 5191. 
?hul-wurt „pulegium", rel. ant. 1, 36. 

hulde(n), ASax. (be)bytdaQ, Olcel. hylda, hild,fiay. 
Will. gloss.; bilde Halliw. diet.; hiUlen (pi-ei.) Las- 20957*. 

hulen, LOerm. bfilen, biilen, Dutch huilen, howl; 
houlin prompt, parv. 250; houle Qow. conf. am. 2, 265; 
hlilen (pres.) rel. ant. i, 217; houled (pret) Chaue. 
C. t. 2819. 

hulien, huilen, OHGerm. bullen, Goth, huljan, Olcel. 
hylja, idt (oc)culere? Idll, cover; hillin promjrt. ^rp. 240; 
hiUe d^. of K. 25, 26; hules (prea.) a. r. 150*; V/ill. 
gloss.; hiled rel. ant. 1, 223; als pe bark billes pe tr§ 
Ik. 741; hile (imperat) pa. 16, 8; biled (pret) 26, 5; 
Ulde Amis 2302; buled (';par(.^ rei!. ant. 1, 39; hulet 
a. n 383*; failed um. P. P. 3686; Mor. a. ^. 2, 1397; 
(hilled) Chauc. C. t. 15061; compos, imhilen. 


303 hUUn; 

hilling hilling, covering, prompt parv. 240; ant. Artk. 
IX, 4. 

hulk (hulc), ASax. hulc (cubile), hulk, nljigurium", 
Wr. voc. 95; (hnlke) „Aooei", Wid. gloss.; hoik („holke") 

cote, sty, Wr. voc. 178. 

hulke,\ce (?), ODutck hulke, holke, OHOerm. 
holcha (actuaria navis), hulk, heavy vessel, prompt. parv. 252. 

hiille? ODutch hulle, OUOervi. bulla? htdl, kusk,shdt; 
hole? prompt, parv. 242. 

hullen kvll, shell; huUe (pres. subj.) I. c. c. 7. 

hulvir, Olcel. hulfr, htilver. Hex aqutfolia, prompt, 
parv. 253; holvir Wr. s. a. c. 40, 1; hulfere (dot.) Ckauc. 
C h. k. 129. 

hummel? ODutch hummel, hommel (fucus). 
hombulbd humble-bee, rel. ant. 1, 81. 

hummelen? ODutch hommelen (bombilare). 

humbling hwmming, Chauc. h. f. 1039. 

hund, ASax, OSax. hund, OFi-is. hund, bond, ODutch 
bond, Olcel. hundr, Goth, bunds, OHGerm. hunt, hound, 
„canMi", Wr. voc. 219; Mark. 6; a. r. 324; Wr. p. s. 197; 
hund (bond) La^. 26762 ; bond Octav. 1 530 ; hound Brand. 
6; vis. P. P. 2994; bundes (pi.) Orm. 7405; bondes £oi. 
Br. 75, 28; compos, grai-, sShund. 

boundfisch Chauc. C. t, 9699; boundfUb lAdg. m. p. 201. 
boundfleese Wicl. gloss. 23; houndflie prompt, parv. 250. 

bund, ASax. OSax. Goth, hund, OHGer m. bunt, Lot. 
centum, Ir. Bret, cant (kant), Samcr, IJ|fP|,, Gr. Ixaxov, 
Jr. cead, Gael, ceud, Kwsa. cmo, La^. 83, 
hundred, /or hundred? see Gr.gesch. d. d. spr.25S, ASax. 
hundred, OFris. hundred, hunderd, OSax. flmnderod, 
Olcel. hundrad, OHGerm. hundert, hundred, cetOuria, 
centum, a. r. 42 ; Wr. p. s. 344 ; bii be sette hundred Xa^. 
31998; an hundred Orm. 4333; twa (two) hundred L03. 
1556; twejen hundred Orm. 4-317; fewer hundred 4321; 
hunderd Gow. conf. am. 2, 113; hondred Rob. Gloue. 1, 7|; 
bundrep pr. consc. 4524; Hob. Br. 35, 8; Isumb. 740, 

hund-, ASax. hund-, OSax. ant-, OFr. ODutch in, cm p. 
Qotk. t^hund and Lai. -ginta, Qr. -xovta, Sanscr. Jlft- 
buntseventi septuaginta, rel. ant. 1, 173. 
' hune, ODutch hiine, Olcel. hunn, mast-top: seil beo 
drSsen to hllne LaT,. 28978. 

hunger, ASax. huagor, OSax. OiTGerm, hungar, OFris. 

hgngren 303 

hunger, hoDger, Olcel, Iiungr, hunger, fames, Orm. 5682; 
vis. F. P. 4445; honger Rob. Glouc. 378, 15; harrow.^d; 
Chauc. C. t. 4520; hungre (dot.) a. r. 260. 

hungren, ^Sax. hj'ngraii,OSaa;.(ge)hungreaii, OHGerm. 
hungeren, GotA. huggrjan, hunger, esurire, a. r. 214; hung- 
red (pres.) rel. ant 1, 220; whan [le hungrep vis. P. P. 
8009; hungeres Mor. a. p. 3, 19; hnngrede (pret.) a. r. 
169; Isvmb. 557; compoi. ofhuiigren. 

hungrij, ASacc. hungrig, hungry, Orm. 6162; hungri 
harrow. 87. 

huni^, ASax. OFris. hunig, OSax. fhoneg, OHdemt. 
honig, honag, honaog, Olcet. huiiang, honey, Orm. 9226; 
liuni a. r. 404; cr. F. P. 1448; honi c. of I. 78; Shoreh. 
90; Mand. 251. 

honicom honey-comb, prompt, parv. 245. 
hunisucle (-„8uccle8") honey-»uckle, rel. ant. 1, 37. 
haniter nectai; Hick. thes. 1, 167. 

hunte, ^Soa;. liunta, hunter, Orm. 13471; Chauc. C. t. 
2020; huDten (pi.) La^. 2590; rel. ant. I, 120. 

huntare hunter, prompt parv. 253; honter Chauc. 
C. t. 1640. 

hoiite|), ASax. huntod, hunting, Bob. Olouc. 418, 6. 

huntien, ASax. huntian, hunt, Laj. 2586; hunten 
Orm. 13460; honte Chauc. C. t. 1676; Degrev. 50; hun- 
tede (pret.) a. r. 344; ihonted (part.) vis. P. P. 1318. 

hupe, ASax. hype, ODutck hupe, heupe, Goth, hups, 
OHGerm. huf, hip, femur, Wr. voc. 87; a. r. 280; hipe 
prompt parv. 241; Wicl. gloss. 23; hippe Gow. conf. am. 
2, 159; hepe Wr. voc. 179; hupes (liippes) (pL) Chauc. 
C. i. 474; pet his borti tobarst o mid heppes (f printed 
oniidheppes) Marh. 10. 
hepeboon Isallito. diet. 445. 

hUpel (hupel?), ASax. hj^pel, hippie, aeermdua, Wr. 
voc. 89; hipel ^\icl. gloss. 

h u p p e n (huppe), OHGerm. hupfen ? hip, hop, Rob. 
Olouc. 537, 5; huppe (pres) Wr. spec. 38; hupte (pret.) 
Rob. Glouc. 537, 6; Brand. 8; hippinge (part) via. P. P. 
11488; Flor. 1993; see hoppin; compos, overhuppeii. 

hurde, ODutch hurde, horde, OHGerm hurd (crates)f 
Olcel. hurd (foris)f Gr. xopTot''' crates; huTdis(pl) Oaw. 
gloss.; Mtn. 46. 
yhurdreve „cetitauria", rel. ant. X, 36; Wr. voc. 139. 

:, Google 

804 hnrdel 

hurdel, ASax.hjrdel, hurdle; hirAilprompt.parv.2il; 
herdil Wr. voc. 279; hurdles (pi.) Alts. 6104; berdles 
Bob. Glouc. 232, 22. 

h u r e (hflre), ASax. hiii-u E(tm. lex., htra Grein's gloss., 
see Or. gram. 3, 186, at the least, Kath. 1737; Mark. 16, 
23; a. r. 390*; hure and hure a. r. 390; owl and night. 
U; Un hure Kath. 1074; a. r. 390*. 

hAre, ASasc. hjr, ODutch huere, Aire, £0:3. 31110; 
a. n 404; Wr. spec. 42; huire yta. P. P. 3616; Jl/aW. 
285; hire (hiire) IViclJohn 4; itfm. 28; here ^iw. ,5221. 

hiren, AS"x.hfiia.Q, ODutch hueren, A/re, tas- 30441 ; 
a. r. 126; hirin prompt, patv, 241 ; hire Mor. a. p. 1, 506 ; 
Z^dg. m. p. 43; hurede (pret.) Bek. 1173. 

huryen? hurry; horyed (pret.) Mor. a. p. 2, 883. 

hurkelen, cmp. ODutch hurken and MHQerm. hfireu 
(comer, squat), hurkle, ruck, shrug; hurkelez (pres.) Mor. 
a. p. 2, 158. 

hurlen, Dutch horrelen? Germ, harreieo? Schamb, wb., 
hurlen? Stalder'e idiot, hurl; hurlest (Tyrwh. reads hurt- 
lest) (pres.) Chanc. C. t 4717; [)et hurled to gederes . . . 
hflre vetles a. r. 166; hurlip Widgloss.; horli|) Wr. p. s. 
211; hurlun ant. Arth. XV, 5; pe aee him hurlede up 
and doun Fvm. p. XXIII, 25 ; hurled (part) Mor. a. p. 
2, 44. 

hurue, ASax. hyrne, OFi-is. heme, hum, comer. Math. 
8, 33; Rob. Olouc. 272, 16; iVr. p. s. 150; rel ant. I, 
264; hirne />row»^(. parv. 241; Orm. 1677; Mor. a. p. 3, 
178; heme Chauc. C. t. 11433; hurnea (pL) a. r. 314; 
hienies Hartsh. met. tales HS; hemes wis. P. P. 1349. 
birnestan Orm. 6824. 

hurren (hurron), Swed. hurra? Germ, hurren!* Stal- 
der's idiot., hur, whir, prompt, parv. 254; compos, tohurren? 

hurst, ASax. (f) MHGerm. hurst, ODutch horat, hurst, 
bush; hurstes (pi) Gaw. gloss.; ant. Arth. V, 5. 

hurt, ODutch MHGerm. OPr. hurt, hurt, a. r. 112; 
hurtes (pi.) Lai,- 1837; Chauc. C. t. 10786. 

hurten, ODutch MHGerm. hurten, OFr. hurter, hurt, 
a. r. 8; hirten Orm. 11370; Alis. 5844; hirte s. s. Web. 
267; herte Bich. 4715; hortes (hurtes) (pres) ps. 36, 24; 
hurte (subj) vu. P. P. 6349; hurten (pret) La^. 1878. 

hurtle 11 (hurtelin) Awrt/e, „impingere, collidere" , prompt. 
parv. 253; hurtle („hurtel") WUl. gloss.; hurtlep (pres) 

Chauc C. t. 2S18; burtlip (hirtlip) W%d. gU$».; hortl« 
(nhortel") pr. conic. 4787. 

has, ASacc.OSax. Olcel. Gotk. HOerm. Mb, house, a.r. 
134; Orm. 1608; owi and night 623; huis Wr. p. i. 827; 
hous Bo6. Qioac. 20, 10; ilfond. 247; Ckauo. C. t. 580; 
». a. Wr. 2815; ^. 89, 4; Degrev. 309; hus fpy iaj. 
1937; compos, bak-, brew-, cwalm-, gest-, gang-, h6rehDs. 
Msbande, Olcel. hdebondi ('Aenw), husband, „paterfa- 
milias'*, prompt, para. 248; Lag. 81058; Mand. 247; iTfW, 
(7oAn 4; Degrev. 189; hdsbande 3far. mir. pi, 123< 
housbold Mand. 209; Xw/t^. m. ^. 67. 
bonahaldere Chauc. C. t. 341. 
houslek prompt, pare. 251. 
bitting, Olcel. bUsping? Atutuu;, £113. 2324. 
lillswif r,mcaer famiiiaa'*, Wr. voe. 315; (bftaewif) a. r* 
416; bouswlf vis. F. P. 8904. 

buschen, LGerm. buscben. hussen, hvsh; \t.xisht (part.) 
Chauc. C. t 2983; huat TroiL 3007. 

buscben? ASax. hyacan, from btix? deride; compo$. 

hdsel, ASax. b^el, Olcel. biial, OotL buasl (Soofa), 
Aotuf^, euckariat, a. r. 208; Orm. 6215; bousel vis. P. P. 
13747; Chauc. r. r. 6386; Tor. 1273; bousil ^. consc. 
3402; boail Lidg. m. p. 248. 

bilselieu, ^•Soo;. buseliao, Olcel. bdsla, G^otA. buoalj^ 
kousel, receive the eucharist; bflslen Orm. 6129; bouBehfl 
prompt, parv. 230; housele Mand. 261; bouseled (pari.) 
Chauc. C. t. Tyr. p. 170; bouseled, housled vis. P. P. 
12965 & 13754; ibiiaeled a. r. 16; ihouseled Skoreh. 22. 

btlsien, ASax. imsiaa, house; hoasin prompt. parv. 251', 
house Saliiw. diet. 464; housede (pret.) Boh. Glouc. 21,13. 

bousing housing, Gow. conf. am. 2, 352. 

buske husk, prompt, parv. 254; Mavtd. I88. 

baspilin, Fr. houspiller, huspU, „spoliare", prompt, 
parv. 255. 

buten hoot, Orm. 2034; boutin prompt, parv. 251; 
lad. Cov. 179. 

butte, ODvtch batte, OHGerm. butta, hut; bottes? 
(pi) Boif, Br. 273, 5. 

hflre, ASax. h^fe, hive; baire rd. ant 2, 84; blfe 
Wr. voe. 223; bke F»m. p. JF, SJ; Chauc. '& t 7276; 
Afor. a. jfc 2, 283. 

:, Google 

306 hui 

hux, ASax. hues (hux), base, OSaas. OHGerm. hose? 
derision: hux and hfiker Z-a^. 28865. 
hnxword Lai,. 21 682. 

hpa, ASax. hja, OFris. hwa, OSax. hue, ODwtch wie, 
0/c€/. hyar, OHGerm. hwer, Gotfi. hvM, Xat quis, Jr. 
cia, (raei. CO, mAo, JtfaM. 20,16; (printed hwa) .ffofA-iyOj 
hwa swa gMi'cMTjMpic, ia3. 24707; pha (printed wha) 80 
Orm. 2091; wha Ptrcev. 1613; wha 80 pr. conac. 90; 
qua met. horn. 3; hwoa, hwo a. r. 6 & 18; hwo rel. songs 
V, 225; 3W0 Afopes 834; who Ckauc. C. t. 833; who, ho 
c. o/" i. 268 & 1159; wo owl and night. 113; Eoh. Glouc. 
215, 20; s. ». ITn 1093; quo ant. AHh. XXIV, 9; ho 
Degrev. 1433; ho 80 rekene eonne Wr. treat. 133; ho se 
k. of T. 894; hpas (gen.) whose, cujua, Marh. 9, 23; hwas 
quarum, a. r. 348; was^ whe3 La-^. 74 & 17111; whos 
Wicl. John 4; whos (hoa) c. of I. 61 ; wos rel. ant. 1, 226; 
hwam (dat.) whom, a, r. 56; wham Wr. treat. 138; OrpA. 
126;^. C0713C. 91; jiam (misprinted 3am) Fwrn. p. Fi//, 
134; whom c. of i. 29«; hpam (for hpan) iCatA. 225; 
whan (occ^ . . . .; (for wham) Brand. 27; hpat, ASax. 
hpset, 05aa;, huat, Olcel. hvat, ODuick wat, OFris. hwet, 
OHGerm. hwaz, tj(. quid, quod, wAa(, Kath, 150; owi 
oW «("(?A(. 1728; what c. 0/ Z. 1061; ww P. P. 4753; 
what swa „quDdcunque", ps. l, 3; what lutles pat he et 
Film. p. XVII, 396; what for eye, what for love Bek. 
337; wat piag in^. 273; what cnihtes we beod 13845; 
quat rel. ant. 1, 2112; met. kom. 5; hpet Marh. 6, 11 ; wet 
harrow. 194; of hwat (for hwam) a. r. 66; of h^-et (for 
hpuche) cunde Mark. 16, 18; wan (ace.) La^. 2679; to pan 
(mispritited pan) fe sculle & of |tan i^e come Fum. p. VIII, 
164; hpon Marh. 16, 4; (hwon) a. r. 320. 

phaete, .4Saa;. hpffite, O^'arc. flui^ti, Go(A, hvaiteis, 
Olcd. hveiti. OHGerm. (h)weizi, wAeaf, Orm. 10521; 
hpeate hiclcthes. 1, 224; (hweate) a. r. 270; whSte Jtfamf. 
189; wis. P. P. 1436; w^te SAor-'A. 30; qugte met. Xom. 140. 
whfite-breed dm. P. P. 4732. 

hwal (whal), ASax. hpel 0/cei. hvalr, ODutck OHGerm. 
wal, tcXa/e, TPj-. voc. 222; CAawc. C. (. 7512; whal, qwal 
prompt, parv. 523; qwal Wr. voc. 189; qual met. horn. 136; 
of whales bone iaj. 2363; whalle8 bon Wr. spec. 35, 

hwan (whan), j4S(Ke. bpanne, h^trenne, h^onne, OHG^ttb. 
(h)wanne, wenne, OSax, huan, GofA, hvan, iot quuin? 


hwanene 307 

when, via. P. P. 1498; C'hauc. C. t. 179; hwan, wan, 
hwanne ou>l and night. 1249, 1262 i& 1529; hwan, quanoe 
Havel. 162 & 1353; quan s. a. c. I, 13; (qwan) Ivd. Cov. 
256; wills and invent. 48; phanne Orm. 133; Wicl. John 
12; Tpa.i\ne (misprinted ^anne) Fvrn. p. VIII, 76; wanne 
rel. ant. 1, 209; hpen Mark. 6, 25; (printed hven) Kath. 
632; wen s. s. T^r. 994; when, whenne Wr. spec. 74; 
quen Mor. a. p. 1, 40; met horn. 2; avow. Arth. IV, 9; 
whenne, weone, wonne (wan, wane) Las. 714, 3570 ^ 27174; 
hwon, hwonne a. r. 114. 

hwanene, ASax. hpanone, hponan, OHGerm. (h)wa- 
nan(a), wannan, O-S'aa:. huaoan, whence; whanene, whoneno 
(wanene) La^. 1430 & 13846; wanene owl and night. 
1298; Rob. Olouc. 376, 15; hpoune Mark. Ifi, 17; whenne 
Horn 169; whannes Wr. treat. 139; whennes Ckauc. C. t 
13750; whens Triam. 431. 

whappin lap, wrap, „int!olvere", prompt, parv. 287; 
wappid (part.) in wo Wr. s. a. c. XXXIII, 1 ; see wappen ; 
compos, biwbappen. 

hwar, ASax. hpar, hpEer, Olcel. Goth, hvar, OSax. 
huar, OHGerm. hwar, where, ubi, quorsum, a. r. 48; hwar, 
war owl and night. 1131 & 1725; whar pr. consc. 357 
phaer Orni. 1827; whcer, wher (ware) La'T,. 3320 & 4454 
h^er Mark 10, 26; (hwer) Katk. 1760; rel. songs V, 97, 
■wher Ohauc. C. t. 1054; VTic/. /oAn 20 ; compos, k-, ihwar. 
hwarfore a. r. 158*; wlierfore Mand. 246. 
wherin Chauc. C. t. Tyr. 13732. 
■wer-mid rel. ant. 2, 274. 

hwarof a. r. 12; wharof TTr. treat. 136; wherof uw. P. P. 

whieron („whfflr on") Laj. 15502. 
hwartD a. r. 392; hpertO Marh. 16, 19. 
Lwarduruh a. r. 210; hyerpurh Katji. 236. 
whar-with pr. coksc. 3835; wherwip Chauc. C. t. 5713. 

(hwarf) w&tt, ASax.hfe&rt (reversio, coinmutatio) Ettm. 
lex., OSax. huarf (congregatio) Schm. gloss., Olcel. hvarf 
(veraatio, refvgium) Egilss. lex., OHGerm. warb (vertigo) 
Graffs eprsck. 4, 1235, from hwerven, turn, change? Lar^. 
2070; he per wierf (assembly?) makede 17485. 

hwarf? Swed. varf, Dutch werf, wharf; wherfe (dat) 
Rob. Br. 310, 3. 

hwarvien, hwerven,'oa?. bpearfian, hperfan, hpyrfan, 

808 favat 

Olcd. hyarfa pret. hvarfafli, hverfa pret. hTerfdi, OHGerm. 
(h)-werben pret. warpta, turn, change; pharfen Orm. 14137; 
whterven La^. 31680; whserfde, warfte (pret.) 6319 & 30738; 
pharfed (part.) Orm. 9658; blint wbarvet blindfolded, 
c. of I. 1146; pherfed (perverse) folC Orm. 9721. 

hwat, ASax. h^Eet, OSax. huat, Olcel. hvatr, quick; 
whiete (wate) (pi.) La^. 7137; whato (adv.) Alia. 2689; 
t& h&m he ran full wate li beam disc. 1548. 
htrathcbe quickly, owl and night. 1706; phatlrke Orm. 
12166; ythatlokBT (compar.) Bek. 1249; v&tloker Bob. Gloac. 
429, 15; whatlokest Fum. p. XIII, 316. 

hwate, A8ax.\i^dii(?), Olcel. "ii^oi, fortune? pemanpe 
Ifived upon bpate rel. ant. 1, 131; to bulden he hevede 
gode Trate ckron. Engl. 163; quate Halliu>. diet. 656; com- 
pos, unhwate. 

hwei (whei), ASax. hj>aeg, ODulck wei, wAey, nsemm'*, 
prompt, parv. 52ii wei oiol and night. 1007; qwhei reL 
ant. 1, 9. 

whela (whfile?), ASax. hi^le (ptUredo)? Somn. dicL, 
wheat (weal), nP^^a^t prompt, parv. 523; Wr, voc 267. 
wbelke (whelk?) whelk, „puatula", prompt, parv. 523; 
Wicl. gloss.; whelkes (pi.) Chaw. C. t. 634. 

whp.lmen. (whelmin) whelm, tum,„aupinare", prompt 
parv.524; Ckauc. Trail. 139; quhelmis (pres) Gaw.gloas.; 
whelme (imperat.) HalUv), diet. 926; see welmea; compos. 

phelp, ASax. hpelp, bpylp, OSax. huelp, Olcd. hvelpr, 
OHGerm. yieli, whelp, Omt. 6838; wbelp nCafttZiw", jJn»npi. 
parv. 524; Tor. 2201; welp Tto(. 3, 10; hweolp a. r. 
198; whelpis (pi) Octov. 314. " 
hwelpen whelp; phelped (part.) Orm. 5839. 
hwSnen vex, grieve? wSnep (pres) Wr. gpec. 49; com- 
pos, a-, iwbSnen. 

fa p e 1 , ASax. bpeo(h)l, hpeogul, bpeopol, ODutch weel, 
■wiel, cmp. Olcel. bid, wheel, Kath. 1951; a. r. 322; pheol 
0mm. 3632; wh61 Chauc- C. t. 7837; qw6l Halltw. diet. 
657; hpeoiea (hpeole) (pi) Kath. 1942 & 2017; weoles 
Sob. Glouc. 408, 10; wMlee Mand. 241; whowelen? 
Shoreh. 109. 

whfilspor wheel-apKr, „orbita% prompt, parv. 624. 
whilwrist wheeUwright, rd. ant. 2, 8; qufilwrijte ant.Art&. 
XXL 11. 


hweolen 809 

hweolen wheel; hweolinde (paH.) a. r. 356. 

hveosen? wheeze; qwease mar. mir, pL 126. 

hwer76E, ASax. hpeorfan, Olcel. hyerfa, OBGerm. 
(h)werban, Goth, hvairban, tarn; compos, awherven; deriv. 
hwarf, hworrel, hwirveL 

whetetOn, ASax. hpetstan, ODutch wetsteen, irhetsione_ 
prompt, parv. 524! whettestOn rei. ant. 1, 85, 

h w e 1 1 e n (whettin), ASax. hpettan, ODutch wetten, 
OIceL hvetja, OHGerm. wezzen, jrom hwat, whet, prompt 
parv. 524; quettus (pres.) avow. Arth. IV, 9; wette (pret.) 
A 8. Web. 911; whffitte Imt,. 14215. 

whepen, OJcel. hvadan, whence. Bob. Br, 236, 19; 
whethen pr. consc 5205; whethen (wepen) ps. 120, 1; 
qnepen Gaa. gloss.; met. hom. 181; quepuQ arU. Arth, 
XXXII, 3. 

h w e 3 e r , ASax. hMeder, Goth, hvapar, OHGerm. hwedar, 
Olcel. hvarr, Gt. xoxepo? (jcotepos), whether, a. r. 258*; 
■wliepir Chauc. C. t. 1858; whader La^. 23915; queper 
met.hom. 18; h^^er . . , oder utrum . . . an, Katk. 2312; 
whe|ier . . . oper Wr. spec. 59; hweper . ■ . peio^. 5295; 
owl and night. 1406; vhtr c. of I. 1040; wher . . . 6r 
Hand. 219; Wicl. John 7; queper Oaw. gloss.; hwederes 
(gen.) fera wult tu been, mid hweder wult tu polien a. r. 
284; cmnpos. S,wpir. 

hwedre (wheper), ASax. li|'sed(e)re, yet, „tamen", p». 
38, 6; te (peh?> h^-edere Marh, 11, 27. 

hpl, ASax. hyi, OSax. hul, OJcei. hvi, OHGerm. hwiu, 
hia, Goth. hvS, Lot. qui, Gr. xij (tc^), why, Marh. 16, 19; 
hwi ciel and night. 907; wM Wr. spec. 49; Mand. 295; 
for pW <whl) Orm. 12690; C. o/ (. 568; Shorth. 43; pn 
COJMC. 709; hwt, hwui a. r. 148 & 320; qut mrt. hom. 31; 
opow. ^rtA. XXXIII, 12. 

hwu, .4S(jir. hpu, ha, OSax. buo, Oi''rt». hu, ho, OHGerm, 
(h)wi9o, weo, (5o(A. bTaiva, see Gr. gram. 3, 186, how, 
a. r. 256; WU rel ant. 1, 172 & 224; whon cr. P. P. 279; 
■wou Hiclc. ikes. 1, 225; hi £03. 561; JlfarA. 13; Orm. 
938; boa £c*. 131; c 0/ I. 569; Wr. apec. 39; CioMC 
a t. 879. 

whulc, -i4Saa!. hjiylc, h]>elc, hpilc, OSaar. huilic, OfVw. 
hweKk, hwelk, hwek, Olcd. hrfhkr, Goth. bv61eik8, OHGerm. 
(h)'vnolicher, Lot. quftlis, Smea. k[uhki>, (7r. iti)>.(xoc? lee 


310 whiccLe 

Or. gram. 3, 46, and Bopp's vergl. gram. 600, which, Xaj. 
2305; whilk s. s. Wr. 23; pr. consc. 144; h^juch Mark 
6, 8; hwuch a. r. 8; owl and night. 1672; W3UCI1 (whoch) 
c. of I. 110; wuch -Roi, Glouc. 220, 13; which i>w. P. P. 
12324; he which Gow. conf. am. 1, 279; k prest . . . 
which was so plesant Chauo. C. t. 12942; you which 1 
have loved 13083; which k miracle 2677; quilk Gaw. 
gloss.; philkes (gen.) kinnes Ortn. 5287; on wilche (dot.) 
viae rel. ant. 1, 130; a wulcha time Fwrn. p. VIII, 66; 
of whulche londe La-7^. 2303; for wulchere neode 4446; 
compos, ih^ilc. 

whicche, ASax. hpecca, ark, chest, prompt paro. 242; 
whichche Miyr. a. p. 2, 362. 

hpider, ASax. holder, hi^yder, hpEeder, Goth, hvadre, 
Khither, Kath. 1299; rel. ant. 1, 128; whider Wr. spec 
61; pr. eomc. 2115; whuder (woder) Laj. 1202; hpeder 
rel. ant. 1, 185; whedir lud. Gov. 38; whoder Brand. 32; 
quedur ant. Artk. XI, 5. 
whiderward "Will, gloss.; hwuderward a. r. 108. 

h}>!le, ASax. hpile (tempus), OSax. hulla, OHGerm. 
(^)v\\a,(hora, momentum), Goth, hveila (^povoc, xaipo;, uipa), 
Olcel. nvlla (mdes), while, tempus, (dec.) Mark. 3, 14; 
hwile owl ana night. 1589; yhile Orm. 142; while „miy 
mentum", prompt parv. 524; pr. consc. 632; k while in 
p03te he stod Bek. 1243; litel while vis. P. P. 11463; 
6r while I\irn. p. XX, 91; hwUle a. r. 246; quUe lud. 
Cov. 73; while (ace. or ahlat) aliguando. Mob. Gloue. 9, 17; 
Wr. spec. 28; pus menie kinges per wSre while in Enge- 
londe Fum. p. XIII, 73; so wile dude sum from Rome 
owl and night. 1014; hpile . . . hpile modo . . . mode, 
rel. ant 1, 128; h]jil(e) dum, Mark 12, 26; whil Wr. 
spec. 30; quil Mor. a. p. 2, 627; Amad. Hobs. Ill, 11; 
pe wile id., owl and night 1139; p6, pk hpile Fuvtu p. 
VIII, 11 & 12; peo hwule pet a. r. 422; pSr while der 
weile, s. s. Wei. 701; per wile Skoreh. 43; der wile he 
bied a live Hick. thes. 1, 222; oper while (wile) interdum, 
rel. ant 1, 110; Bob. Gloue. 100, 13; P. P. p. 515; 6der 
hwUle (hwiles) &. r. 82; bi while interdum, Orph. 10; 
whiles whilst, Chauc. C. t 35; pr. consc. 3645; philum 
(dot. pi.) whilom, quondam, Orm. 4868; whilom Chauc. 
C. t. 861; pr. consc. 4202; wbilem Alis. 41; wMlen Laj. 
8279; Wr. spec. 91 ; wllen Mtipea 340; compos, handhwile. 


hwllen Sll 

.wllwende? temporary; hwilinde a. r, )fi2*. 
phliwendtlk Orm. 18787. 

hwilen, OHOerm. {h)waon (manere), Oleel. hvUa 
(^iescere), Qoth. tiTeilati (i:auaoftaij; compos, ihwilen. 

whin whin, „saUunca'*, Wr. voc. 229; wbinne, qmnne 
prompt, parv. 162; quin Iw. 159, 

hwinen (whlnin), ASax. hpinan, Olcel. hvina, whine, 
prompt, parv, 524; whine Chauc: C. t. 5968. 

hwinge wing; hwingen (pi.) Lai,. 29263; a. r. 130; 
tee winge. 

whippe, ODutck wippe, whip, f,scutica", prompt, parv, 
524; Mand. 249; Chmc. C. t. 9645; Hoed. I, 118. 
whippin, ODutch wippen, whip, prompt paro. 524. 
hwirvel? Olcel. hvirfilt ODutch wervel, _/rom hwerren, 

whirlbon, ODiricA wervel-been, loAir^oMe, pvertehra", prompt. 
parv. 524; werelbon Wr. voc. 179; wberlbon 208; [burl- 
bon „intemodium**, HalUw. diet. 470.1 
whirlwind, Olcel. hvirfilvindr, ODutch wervel-wind, whirl- 
wtnd, pfwrfto", prompt, parv. 525 ; qwirlwind rel. ant. 1, 6. 
hwirvelen? Olcel. hvirfla, ODutch werrelen, whirl; 
whirlin „rotare'*, prompt, parv. 525; wbirle Chauc. r. r. 
4362; whirlide (pret.) Wicl. gloas. 

bwispren (whiaprej, .^iSoa;. hpiaprian, ODutch wisperen, 
whisper, lAdg. at. of Th. 695. 
whist whint, hush, Wicl. glo^is. 

whistel, ASax. Iii>istle, whistle, Lidg. m, p. 27; wills 
and invent. 41. 

whistlen whistle, Wicl. gloss.; whistleden (pret) Alia.' 
hwiatren whisper; yihistiende (part.) Wicl. gloss. 
hwit, ASax. hyit, OSax.haii, Olcel. hntr, GoiA. hveits, 
OHGerw. wizer, white, alhus, a. r. 396; whit Wr. treat 
139; Tor. 458; (wbiit) Wicl. John 4; (suhst) cr. P. P. 
455; quit Mor. a. p. 1, 220; met. horn. 43; hwite sun(n)edei 
a. r. 412; hwitture (compar) 324; whittora Wr. spec. 28; 
wbittere Brand. 7 ; compos, bilewhlt. 

whitflowe (-flawe), wbltlowe ? whitlow, „panariciam", prompt, 
parv. 525. 

irit^porn rel. ant. 1, 38. 
hwite, Olcel. hTiti, OHGerm. wizi? white, albedo. 


913 hwitel 

hwitel (hTrttel?), ASaa. hTltel (ptdlium) Earn. Uai^ 
Olcel. hyitill (vldmt aengetmppe) Fritzner'a ordb., whMt, 
Uanket, mantle f a. r. 3U*. 

whiten, ASaas. hl-itiaii, Goth, hieitjan, white, albare, 
vie. P. P. U77; hwlted (pres.) a. r. 150. 

whltiag, ODtUck witing, tehiting, alburnua, ptvmpt. 
parv. 525. 

h w 1 1 n e n , Olcel. hTltna, whiten; whitened (part.) pa. 50, 9. 

whitnesse whiteness, „olhedo", prompt, parv. 526. 

whorTil, ODutch worvel, from hwerveQ, whorl, verH- 
piUua, prompt, parv, 626, 

i, e, se, ASace. ge, OSax. ge, gi, OFria. ge, gi, ie, e, i, 
OHGerm. ga, ge, gi, Goth, ga, y (e, a), see Or. gram. 2, 
783 and 3, 50. 

ifedelien ennoble, La-T^. 22496. ■■ 

jd^Dien own, I^a-i,. 3743, 

ian f/wef, pret.) grant; iunnen (part.) La^. 16392. 
iarnen earn; iEerned (part.) La^. 24154. 
ibsere (ni-b^re") noise, erif, (nom. aco.) owl and night, 223 
& 1346; reuhche iberen (pi.) Lot,. 15067. 
ibferen (nib^ren") behave, lamentt ioj. 25828 & 80288. 
jban ban, „ediclu'm", Wr. voc, 88, 

iba,niieQ call together; i-banned (part.) owl andn^ht. 1666- 
ibeat, MHOerm. gebo?, beat, beating, La^, 1740, 
ibeaten beat; ibeaten (part.) a. r, 186; i-bfiten Wr. 
spec. 70. 

ibeddQ bed-fellow, owl and night. 1568, 
ibede, ASax. gebed? prayer, (^.f) Ftum. p. VIII, 160. 
■ ibeden (part) bidden, prayed, Kath. 2464; ibede Ftim. 
p. XVIl, 142j to colde gistninge he was i-bede rel. ant, 
2, 277. 

ibeljeii irritate; i-bolye (part.) owl and night. 145. 
ibenden bend; i-bent (part) e. oj I. 743; m, Arth. F. lOSS. 
ibegdeo command; ibodeo (part) ^03. 22122. 
ibeot promise, threat, iaj. 21029. 

jberen leor, La-T,. 27850: iber (pret) a. r. 194; i-boren 
(part) rel songs V, 35; C of I. 21] Chwe. G. t, 8502; 
iboM J^ek. 32; (i-bore) via. P. P. 12342; Lidg.m. ji, 116; 
abore Haliiw. did. 9. 

iberjen („ibur3en") presence, save, i«3. 9988; iborsaa 
(ptfrt) 4265) i-bor3» "wi a»d night. 881 ; jboniwen a. r a 
ibfiten o»M«irf, repair; ibfit (part) Kath. 1219; a. r. 972. 

i 313 

ibiddeu bid; ibidde (ptta.) La%. 30655; ibiddeS (imper.) 

«. r. 144. 

iblde? slayf pu Q&hteB(t) i n&ne etude kibben freo-moD- 

nea ibiide (or ibude?) £03. 15577. 

ibiden hide, wait, expect, La^. 4721; be ibid fpret.) pea 

wederes 9734; (hi) ibide-BfA. 988; ich habbe ibiden pat 

ich bare sitte J^az- 3419. 

ibinden bind, £(13. 2487; ihvmden. (part.) a. r. 254; i-buade 

owl and night. 13G2; i-bounden Chaue. C. t. 1151. 

iblenden i^inif ; iblend (part.) Marh. 13,12; i-blent SAoreA. 

IH; Alia. 3956; a. a. Web. 2523. 

iblessieu (niblessi") hleas, Wr. an. lit. 6; i-blessed (part.) 

C. of I. 1441; Shoreh. 125; Ckauc. G. t. 6905; iblesced 

O. r. 376; rel. ant. 1, 159; iblesset Mark 5, 29. 

iblflpen blow, fiorere, (part) Mark. 10. 31; i-bl6we owl 

and night 618. 

ibod command, rel. ant. 1, 184; ibodes (pi) La^. 22524. 

ibr&dea enlarge, spreadt pe m&nsing is so i-broded owl 

and night 1310. 

ibreidea hraid; ibroiden (part) Lax. 29*252 ; ibroide ^urn. 

p. XVII, 156. - 

ibreken Ireakj ibroken (part) Kath. 1218; vis. P. P. 

J48; Trist. 3, 55; i-broke Shoreh. 161. 

ibrengeaP bring; ibreinde (part pi) a. r. 92*. 

ibringefn) bring, otcl and night 1537; ibroht (part) Mark. 

3; Wr. apec. 39; ibrouht a. r. 144; c. of I. 680; ibro3t 

Bob. Glouc. 473, 15; i-brougbt via. P. P. 349. 

ibroder brother; ibrodere, ibroderen (pi) LaT,. 3880 & 10446. 

ibuggen (ible) buy. Tor. 1223; ibont (part) Wr. spec. 63; 

ibouht o. r 398. 

ibflsen botD, turn, go; ibojen (part) La^. 11751. 

eb^, ASax. gebur, OaGsrm. gipdr (oolonus); compos. 


iburea befit, beseem; i-bured (prea) rel. ant 1, 172 ; i-burd 

a, r. 420*. 

ihxakabury; iburied {'porf^ Hick.thes. 1,166; Xaj. 6014; 

Kath, 535; ibured Bek. 321; i-bered Shoreh. 89. 

iclensen (i-clense) deanae, cr. P. P. 1516. 

iclepiea caU; i-K)l«ped (part) ydept, Shoreh. 45; «. of I. 

1357; Trx3t. 2, 51; iolepid Wicl gloaa. 11; i-depet £alA. 


icn&wen know. cog>wae4re: for Uverd me icniwen (icnowe) 


La^. 26402; to icQowen him salvea tt. r. 182; i-knowen 

a of I. 36;i-kn6we Eom 1213; Chauc. C.t G952; flescMicbe 

i-knowe Skoreh. 63; icnowe (pres.) rel. ant. 1, 144; iknfiu 

(pret.) Bek. 87; pe beod icna^en we recognise, Mark, 22; 

beo iknd.we Alia. 724; wel ich am perof ikadwe Bek. 783. 

icneden knead; i-knede (part.) rel. ant. 2, 277. 

icnutten knit, Laj. 29272; i-cnut (part.) Kath. 1525. 

icunde natural, proper, LaT^. 22155. 

icundeliche naturally, owl and night. 1422. 

icunde (i-kunde) kind, nature, owl and night. 115 & 1381; 

icunde property, La'^. 7909, 

icunnien try; icunned (part.) La'^. 26237. 

iciicten announce, proclaim, declare; icud (part.) Kath. 640; 

Bek. 2247; Wr. spec. 25; icud (icuddet) a. r. 64; icudde 

(icud) LaT,. 24671; i-ked Skoreh. 24. 

icw5me convenient, pleasing, a. r. 120; iqu€nie La-7^. 117. 

icwSmen (i-cwSme) please, satisfy, owl and night. 1782; 

iquSmen (icweme) Lot,. 13288; iqufime rel. ant. I, 174; 

i-qwSmed (part) c. of I. 1394. 

icwepen (i-quejie) say, speak, owl and night. 502; iqned 

(pret) LaT,. 2267; iqueden (icwepe) (part) 9140. 

icheose{n) choose, rel. arU. 1, 182; ichses (pret) ia^. 6356; 

(heo) icure 11555; icoren (part.) Marh. 16, Ifi; c. of I. 

203; icorn Trist. 2, 106; i-cors Brand. 33; Wr.tpec26; 

Wr. p. a, 247; chron. Vilod. 23; icoren, ichosen io^. 1539 

&123I2; Kath. 836 & 1G24; a. r. 56 & 160; ichose Sei. 


icherren turn; ichord (part.) La'7, 21053*. 

idielen deal, divide; idseled (idealed) (part.) LaT,. 12196; 

idfiled a. r. 204 ; id^Id Bek. 332. 

idejnen deem, judge; idemden (pret) Lai,. 4054; idemed 

(paH) a. r. 170; i-d^med c. of I. 114; i-d^mid Skoreh. 2. 

iderven grieve, afflict; idorven (part.) Mark. 16; a.r. 106; 

londfolc wurp i-dorve owl and night. 1156. 

idihten dispose, make: hu me pane king mihte t6 dsede 

idihte Lut,. 19671; i-diht (part.) Kath. 1607; owl and 

night. 1545; pu us haveat ful pel i-diht rel. songs II, 13; 

til he was to bed i-dight m. Arth. F. 610. 

idon do; id6n (paH) a. r. 316; (i don) Mand. 10; & riche 

men pe was swide wel idfln L03. 910; i-doon Ckauc. C. t. 

1027; Eocd. VI, 58; e-don And. 16; ido Bob. Glows. 

470, 2 ; (i-doo) Triam. ill; Lidg. m. p. 223. 


idra^en draw; i-drahen (part.) Kath. 1200; idrawe Bek. 
1625; Chauc. C. t. 13368. 

idrecchen plague, trouble; idreist (part.) Fum. p, XIX, 
45; idraht Lai,. 4521; [idrecched 5054]. 
idr€fen trouble, disturb; idrSfed (part.) iaj. 171. 
idrijen suffer, endure, La^. 6708. 

idriven drivei idriyea (part.) Kal3i. 1816*; idrive Bek. 
678; c. oj I. 199. 

idu3e? agreeable? owl and night. 1580. 
idujen? honoure oure godea . . . while 30U ia wel ido^t 
Fum. p. XV, 182. 

idwellen seduce, deceive? i-dueld (part) Shoreh. 147. 
idwimor „phantasma*', Wr. voc. 90. 
ienden end; iended (part) Bek. 1768; Shoreh. 150. 
if& foe, La'T,. 15855; i-v6 owl and night 17U; iikn (pi.) 
Mark. 5, 26; i-fon rel. ant 1, 1-75. 
ifasen (i-fa3e) /am, Shoreh. 67; ifaie rel. ant 2, 276. 
ifallen fall; ifalle (pres) Chauc. TroU. 5718; i-fallen 
'(part) oiel and night 514; ivallen a. r. 58; ifalle Trist 
2, 75; a-falle Ilalliw diet. 24. 

ifandien try, experience; ifonded (part) La^. 16314; ivon- 
ded a. r. 58. 

ifangert take; ifeng (pret.) La^. 820 ; ivongen (paH.) 26847 ; 
i-foDge Alis. 4573. 

ifaren (i-fare) /are, go, Poland night 400; ivaren (part.) 
•r. r. 366; sli6 was fro \m world ifare C/iaMC Trail. 5838. 
ifasten /osf, ^a;; i-fast (part) Fum. p. Ill, 95. 
ifastnien fasten; ivaestned (itastned) (part) Xaj. 31132; 
ifestned ^a(A. 1523; ivestned a. r. 218; ifaatened ^iw. 179. 
ifgden feed; ifed fpari-j IIV. spec. HO; Chauc. r. r. 471; 
Hardic. poem 26, 5; ived £03. 13573. 
ifejen? ifeon? Ao(«; ifeied, ivseid, ifead (ifeijed) (part.) 
La-^. 964. 9837, 14459 & 21214. 

ife^ea join: mihte & wisdcm & luve iveied (ifeset) to 
gederes a. r. 26. 

ifelen (ivelen) feel, a. r. 232; if^Ie Fum. p. XXIII, 18. 
iieWenfell; ifelde (pret) HornSS; ifelled (part.) La^. 988. 
ifeoud /tfW, enemij, LaT,. 16077. 

if^re companion, rel. songs V, 182; Horn 227; rel. ant. 
2, 275; ivere La^. 26020; ivfiren fpi-) a. r. 392. 
ifeterien /ette)-,- i-fetered (part) Chauc. C.U 1231 ; iveotered 


ifetten /c^: of ferroae i-fat (part.) Katk. 1296; i-fet 

Chcmc. C. t. 10488; i-ret? (r. w. grtt) c of t 310. 

ifederien feather: e&rewe fet is mdered a. r. 60. 

ifiht ^^A(, ias- 4347. 

i£nden ^7h2, £af%. 516; iyinden a. r. 156; iiiade e. s. WA. 

2371; ifindefl (pres.) Mark. 20; ifond (pret.) Katk. 161; 

ivoad a. r. 66; ifunden ('piirt.^ 48; i-foimdea vis. P, P. 


iflemen drive away, banisk; ifl6m(e)d (part.) Bek. 2184| 

c o/" I. 113. 

ifleon, QHGerm, gefiiehen, flee; i-flowea (part) c of L 470. 

ifoj optus; compos. unifO^. 

ifoa take, catck, iaj, 8231; (hi) i-fod (iJretJ (toI owl 

nw;A<. 1643. 

iforSen perform, X03. 31561; irorded (part) a. r. 408; 

his heast was i-forded Katk. 2278. 

ifr^den (ivrede) feel, (misprinted inrede) Skorek. 7 ; he herm 

ifrfidde ^03. 27138. 

ifreoisen free, La^. 29474. ■ 

ivullen/;/, Xaj. 32184 ; ifulled (pari) a. r. 156 ; c of 1. 1280. ' 

ifiiTD, ASax. gefyrn, formerly, kere tofore, ouil and niffhL 

1304; hit is ifum iseid rd. arU. 1, 182; ivum (iTom) 

Laz- 24017. 

■fflsea dispatch, X03. 22123. 

igade „complea:", Wr. voc. 95. 

.gadereu gather; i-gadered (part.) Hardw. poem 52, 5; 

igedered a. r. 76; c. of I. 1418. 

ig&n (igon) go, a. r. 208 ; i-goon, i-gS (part) Chauc C t 

288 & 12111. 

igfet (part.f) agast, afraid, a. r. 372*. 

igastliche fearfully, La-i,. 17869. 

igeren, ASax. geger|?an, gegyrpan, orray; igerede (part 

pi) La^. 8400. 

igladien gladden; i-gladed (part) WUl. gloss. 230. 

igrfide crying, owl and night. 1641. 

igrSden cry; i-grad (part.) owl and night 1147. 

igremian vex, irritate: fire godes pat tu i-gremed havest 

Katk. 1467; i-gremet owl and nigkt. 93t. 

igr^ten greets salute, Katk. 2303*; i-grfitten (preL) ret 

Botiga V, 99; i-gr^t (part) Shorek. 119. 

i^rinden grind; i-groande (part) vit. P. P. 13291 ; Chaue. 

C. t. 4006. 


igripen gripe, La^- 21518} igrftp (pret.) 6489; Mark. 13; 

igripen 1^3- 4559; (part.) 16650. 

isel yell, La^. 17799. 

i3eldeii yield; i-^olde fpeal.) e. of L 343. 

i34men look after, heed, keep, a. r. 44*; i-36med (part) 

c. of I. 448. 

ijemen yearn, desire; itemed (part.) a. r. 192; i-jirned 

Wr. spec. 28. 

igeven, OHGerm. gegeben, gioe; ijeTen (part.) La^. 3167; 

c. of I 608. 

ihai (ihol) whole, La^. 821; ihol a. r. 256; Shoreh. 27. 

ibald („i-hold") hold, okI and night. 621. 

ihalden hold, La^. 17212; ihalden (part) 8951; iholden 

a. r. 250; pw. P. P. 11705; i-healde Skoreh. 34; iholde 

Bob. Glmc. 470, 17; CAawc, C. t 2960; fiocci. J, 184. 

ih&lsien kaUow; ihWesed (jjort^ Lot,. 29443; ihaiewed 

Fum. p. XX, 75. 

ih&tea call, order; ib&ten (part) Marh. 2, 13; £atA. 

3202; sehaten Orm. 112; iliote Bek. 699. 

ihayen? iheven? heave; ihoTen (part) La^. 28771; iheveD 

^wi. thes. 1, 226. 

ibeawen Aew, (part) Wr. voc. 92, 

ihSdea heed; ihedde fpart. pZ^ io^. 2725*. 

ihfiSen, OHGerm. gihohan, elevate, exalt; ihSied (part) 

a. r. 164; ihgiet Mark 11, 29. 

ihelen conceal; ihel (pret) Kath. 2055; iholen fp'*'*) 

0. r. 146. 

ihelpen help; iholpen (part.) a. r. 242. 

ibende near, owl and night 1129. 

iii&rQ obedientf pe'^'he ne b4Q&u3ti-h4reac wikke iSAoreA.27. 

ihfiren (i-h^ren) hear, obey, Marh. 6, 16; a. r. 414; c. of 

1. 67; iheren (ihiere) La^. 14611 & 18888; i-here oiol 
and night. 224; Wr. spec. 46; a. s. Web. 1871; Degrev. 
27; ahfire Odou. 23; ihiire Wr. freai. 135; i-heer (tmperat) 
via. P. P. 11643; ihSrde (pret) Marh. 2, 26; ihUrde Bek. 
41 ; ih^rdea i/iici. thes. 1, 167; £atA. 2088*; ihfird (part) 
a. r. 370. 

iherien praiae; ihfired (part.) Kath. 2413; £eii:. 1213; 
Hardw. poem 2, 10; i-hfirid Octoo. 865. 
ihevejen make heavy; ibeyesed (part) a. r. 332. 
ihiden Aide; ihud (part) Kath. 1187; o. r. 146; c. »f i. 
32; Alis. 2403; i-hudde ('pZ^ via. P. P. 6479. 


316 i 

ihwser (iwar) (ever)ytvhere, io^. 2968; ihpor Mark. 12, 16; 

Kiak. 1728*; a. r. 416*; compos, sehwer. 

ihwfinen? vex, grieve? god so pou scbelt iw^ne (printed 

i-wenne, r. to. clSne) Shoreh. 33. 

iphilc, ilc ilk, (everjy, quiaqiie, Orm. 503 & 513; iwil iaj. 

18956; ilch rel. ant. I, 131; ilk 1, 227; Chauc. C. t. 

1833; s. s. Wr. 638; Bo6. £r. 7, 16;i3r. consc. 53; jtfar. 

ntir. pi. 117; ilk, ich prompt, parv. 258; ich Trisf. 1, 5; 

cr. P. P. 947; Lidg. m. p. 59; m. Arik. F. 2036; nch 

c. of I. 1228; irn spec. 33; ilkes (^m. »». n.) Orm. 9199; 

ilche (tiat. m. n.) iJaj. 7006; iche rel. ant. 1,235; Degrev. 

89; ilchere f^af. /^ a. r. 132; ilchene(occ m.) Lot,. 7021; 

ilke Jswmfe. 492; compos, ewe 

ihwilen, GoiA. gahveilan (icausaftai), be at leisure: ne mei 

heo noTit i-hwulen vor to h^rcnea mine lore a. r. 422. 

ikeien cool; i-k41et (part.) Kath. 2291. 

ikennen ken, make known, Xaj. 28539; ikeade fpret.) 

25430; ikenned (part.) 4844. 

ikennen, OHQerm. kichennen, beget; ikenned (part.) La^. 

26128; Wr. treat. 138. 

ikSpen keep, await, receive^ a. r. 156; Kath. 399*; per ase 

ower glede vreond ower cume ik^ped a. r. 190. 

ilacchen ca(cA;iIahte (pret.)Lai. 292m; ilaht Wr. p.a.2\i. 

ilseden lead; ^elEed (ilted) (part) Fum. p. VIII, 3; ila4 

Laz- 24989; iCatA. 2233; i*e4. 374; Wr. spec. 106; Jl/oW. 

13; Chavc. C. t. 532; iled a. r. 54. 

ilsenen imti; ilened, ileaned (ilSnet) (part.) Kath. 1908 

& 2177; ileaned a. r. 208; i-lent Ckauc. 0. t. 13334. 

ilser leer, void, Zaj. 15961; i!er Roh. Glouc. 541, 15, 

ilseren teach; ilsered (part) Xaj. 6898; i-l^red a. r. 64; 

Bek. 158; Shoreh. 136; i-learet Kath. 1314. 

ilsesten last, execute, continue, La^. 25195; ilAste Fum. p. 

VIII, 122; Sob. Glouc. 2 i6, 5; i-leste oW arat? wi'^Af. 341 ; 

iiastep (prea) Wr. treat. 132; il^sted a. r. 320; ililste 

(^pre(.j Brand. 8; i-l&sted (>ar(^ ww. P. P. 1742. 

ilaete („i-l§te"), ODutch gelaet (J/esfMs, habitus, -ctdtus), 

MHGerm. geli?, ?o(iA, countenance, (ace.) owl and night. 

403 & 1444. 

ilseten let; listen C^art^ a. r. 112; ilfite i^J. 18980. 

ilEeven leave; i-lefde (pret) owl and night. 123; ilSved 

(part.) Bek. 2228. 

(ilang) ilong, ASax. gelang, long, along, Bek. 1642; Wr. 


i 81 'J 

apecGl; c. 0/ i. 229; whieron hit weoreilongia3, 16502; 

on bire is al mi llf i-tong rel, aonga II, I; all is on mi 

self along Oow. conf. am. 2, 22. 

il&d loath, owl and jitght. 1605. 

iladien invite; i-leaded (ilatled) (paH.) Kath. 1918. 

ileave, ASax. geleaf, leave, permission, Shorfh. 46. 

ileave (nilaefe"), ASax. geleafa, OSax. gilobo, OHGerm. 

galouho, faith, La^. 2974. 

3eleaf(fjul Hick. thes. I, 167. 

ileggen lay, La^. 26890; ileid (paH) a. r. 66; Skorek. 

126; Chauc. C. t. 3568. 

ilengen attain: & leted me ileuge (Idazei mich gelangen) 

riht tfl StAnhenge £03 17834. 

ileojen lie, mentiri; i-loje (pari.) owl and night. 846; 

j-lowe fl. s. Web. 2272. 

ileoten leet, sortiri: perrore him seal ileoten bitterest aire 

baluwen ia3. 31306; ah nas hit noht swa iloten (c^^(n«(^ 

7819: pa iloten was to kinge 23264. 

ilemen („i-Ierne") learn, Chauc. G. t. 6576; i-terned 

(part.) vis. P. P. 4566; i-leorned Kath. 3S6. 

lletten let, impedire; ilet (part.) a. r. 164; Shorek. 71; 

i-lat Alia. 1776. 

ilfiven, ASax. gelefan, geljfan, OSax. gilobian, OHGerm. 

gelouben, Goth, galaubjan, credere, La^. 5762; a. r. 224; 

i-leeven c. of I. 1424; i-!eve Kath. 342; Horn 559; a. a. 

Weh. 1198; ilSve (vrea.) rel. ant. 1, 42; ileveJ a. r. 68; 

ilflvet Fum. p. VIII, 66; ileove (atihj.) Wr. treat. 134; , 

il4f (imperat.) Skorek. 31; il^ved a. r. 56; Uefde (pret.) 

Mark. IS, 22;owl and night. 123; il^fden o. r. 110; il^ved 

(part) Bek. 2328; Wr. spec. 47. 

ilic (ilik), ASax. OSax. gelic, OFria. gelik, Olcel glikr, 

Goth, galeiks, OHGerm. gilicher, /ifce, alilte, rel. ant. 1, 218; 

Alia. 6995; via. P. P. 641; i-lik to hir Chavc. C. t. 8133; 

ilich h4m (heom iliche) Katk. 502; Jm wenist pat fech 

song bo (= beo) grislich, pat pine pipinge nis i-Iich owl 

and night. 316; godes riche pat €vre is suSte and £vre 

i-liche 358; iliche a. r. A & 126; a. a. Wr 3451; ilichest 

(superl) La^. 29482; iliche (adv) a. r. 112; Brand. 33; 

via. P. P. 13139; Chauc: C. L 2528; Lidg. m. p. 15; 

ilicbe, aliche Mor. a. p. 2, 22S & 1477; cliche dep. of It. 

G, 20; aliche Gow. con/", am. 1, 268; compoa. unihc. 

ilicnesse likeneas, a- r. 230; Kath. 992. 


320 i 

iUcbe, ASaaa. gellca, Ooth. galeika, OHGerm. p&dbo, hke, 
Kath. 1843; a. r. 136; his ilicbe La^r 137S9; Fitm. p. 
XXIII, 66; nis non his iliche Horn 19; godes ilichs 
Skoreh. 167; pine ilike owl and night 157, . 

ili3eB lie,jacere; ileiea (part.) a. r. 326; Heye Sob-Glcu^. 
518, 3; vis. P. P. 2637. 

iUhten light: pet ich beo illhted of hdre heTinesve a. r. 356. 
illhten iiiumtTte; i-liht (jwrt) c. o^ i. 778 & 794. 
ilimpe, ASax. gelimp, acdd&U; compos. uniliinp& 
ilimpen befaU, La^. 4508; iiomp (preQ a. r. 54. 
ilifle, MHQerm. gelinde, liOte, gentle, La^. 4917. 
iliden go; iliflen (pari.) Lai^ 26094. 
ilome frequently, Lot^. 1650.0; a. r. 136; owl and n^ht. 
290j Iti}b. Glove. 3, 1 ; Brand. 24; c. of I. 435; Wart. hiiL 
2, 5; ilome, jelome Fum. p. VIII, 24 & 46. 
itosien fete; i-losed fpari^ Katk. 2046 ; iieosed? Laj,. 28336. 
illiken close; iloke (part.) Bek. 824; ^w. 2769 ; one ilokesfi 
cope o. r. 56. 

iluTien fove; i-Iared (part) rel. songs II, 33. 
imEene, ASax. gemEene, OFris. gem^ne, OHQerm. gimeiner, 
Go^. gamaiDB, Xat. comnillnis, common: ich wulle dSle 
pis lond us alle imsene Xa^. 13614; k child heom wes 
imSne 11037; pat bid fire imflne dead 978; pej sungea 
alle im«n(e) (a(/p.!'^ Orm. 3376; imfine rel. ant. l, 216; 
h'&eau3</isc. 608;pet heo alle habbed im€ne a. r. 12;8peken 
of alle imSne 90 ; bit is fale oper wi^te i-m^ne oicl and 
. night. 628; for more ia (m*. his) blisse god and cl^oe 
aiDOnge frSndes to habbe i-m^ne Shorek. 125; pet is p!n 
wid me i-meane KtUh. 1867; imone Boh. Glow:. 311, 12; 
hi gonne to Binge imone Brand. 17. 

imeeDe? ASax. gemkaa, OHGerm. kimeini, Goth, gamainei, 
community, company: peh pe wulf beo (ms. beon) fine, 
bfiten £elc im^ne (imone) La^. 21308; wipoute more imone 
Horn 842; vl^sches i-mone Shoreh. 64; wipoate mannea 
imone 118; pat wit pe fule havep i-m€ne, ne cumep he 
nfiver from him c[6ne (ms. cleine) owl and night. 301. 
im£ete(„im4te")> ASax. gemsete, Butch gem&te, OHGerm. 
gemdzer, meet, La'T,. 6584; compos, unimete. 
imseten dream; imffitte, imette (pret) La'^.l2&9 & 28016. 
(im&h) imouh r!F{^ocax)'', Wr. voc. 95. 
imake (imak?), ASax. gemtec, OHGerm. gimacher, apt, 
ft? Wr. spec. 28; compos, unimake. 


1 321 

imakien make; imsked (part.) a. r. 328; Wr. treat. 138 

Wr. spec. Ill; Shorek. 62; vis. P. P. 28; i-raated, i-maad 

Ckauc. C. t. 1909 & 5113; imM Bob. Glouc. 470, 24 

i-m»ftd Hoed. I, 203. 

iraang, ASax. gemang, gemong, OSckc. gimang, mixture, 

imonge (dot.) La'^. 10868;. imang (for on imang?) among, 

Isumb. 368; imong Mark. 12, 6; imong pon Gcipmonnen 

Lot,. 2229; emong pi. t. 793. 

imarkien mark; imerked (part.) a. r. 42. 

imelten (i-multen) melt, rel. ant. 1, 1831 ; imelt (part) 

a. r. 284. 

imengen mix, trouble; imenged (part.) Rob. Glouc. 119, 5; 

meng&t Kath. 605; imengd Bek. 2147; Shorek. 9; imeind 

a. r. 332; owl and night. 18; Ckauc. C. t. 2172. 

imete, ASax. g&met? measure, moderation? a. r. 286. 

imetlic moderate? kn imethche broc La^. 21783. 

imeten measure, metiri; i-meten (part) rel. ant. 2, 217. 

imgteQ meet, Fum. p. VIII, 67; i-m4te rel. songs V, 205; 

rd. ant. 1, 144; imett^ (pret) a. r. 154; ckron. EnglGll; 

imet (part) k. of T. 960; lacram. 237. 

imilseii have mercy: imilze flu Octa & his ivfiren al swa 

La-^. 16837. 

imot assembly, LaT,. 11545. 

imunde, ASao::. gemynd, Goth, gamunds, OHOerm. gimimt, 

mind, (dot. ace.) owl and night. 253 & 1514. 

imande, ASax. gepoynde? mindful f Mark 12, 8. 

imunejen remember; imuiie3et (part) Mark. 21, 2; more 

godaibrede nis per naujt pane is (ms. his) i-menesed hfire 

Shoreh. 69. 

imunen remember, La^. 16309. 

imunten intend; imunte (pret) La'^. 8038; imunt (part) 

a. r. 408; rel. ant. 2, 277; iment Alia. 5942; Octov.1953. 

inMen need, compel; ined (part.) a. r. 72. 

inemnea name; inemned (part) a. r. 252; i-nempned 

c. of I. 61. 

inimen take; inumen (part) Mark. 2, 26; a. r. 42; i-nume 

<ml and night. 541; i-nomen Alis. 4668; inome Bek. 655; 

inoh, j4Saa;. genob, genog, OSax. ginfig, OHGerm. genuog, 
Goth, ganoha, enougk, La-;!,. 2558; Katk. 347; OrTw. 731; 
owi and night. 1180; TTr. 9;>ec. 28; harrow. 51; inoj floi. 
Glouc. 18, 21; inogh ms. P. P. 12511; pr. cotmc 1466; 

322 1 

iflouhg-r 86j inons (i-nouh) c. of l. 408; i-nough (7iat(c. 

C t. 8085; influ Wr. treat. 140; in6w Mand. 59; cr. P. P. 

467; Hoed. 1, 146; i-ii6w3 Lidg. m. p. 226; inow, inowj, 

m4w3 Tfu;^ r/IoM. 24; enogh Percev. 962; inough, aaougli 

Triit. 2, 38 S; 44; inohe (pi) Kath. 614; i-nose oip/ (Mti 

nu;Af. 16; trees ino^he Orm. introd. 14; indve c/-. P. P. 

427; in6we men BicA. 5905; anowe s. «. Wet. 921; jlmw 

872; enfiwe 3far. mir. pi. 126. 

iopenen open; iopened (part) a. r. 242; iopenet Mark. 

12, 31. 

ipunden pound, indudere; ipund (part.) a. r. 128. 

inechen rtach; i-r&ste (pret) owl and night. 106; ii^wt 

(part.) HarUh. met. t. 88. 

iTffid („irad") ready, La^. 24990. 

ined-, ir&dtiche readily, La^. 11632 <& 29631. 

irseden ordatnf ae biforen irad wes c. o/ i. 654. 

irsedi („iredi") ready, oiol atid night. 488; Brand. 30; 

a-r^di? X03. 7978*; SAore/.. 81. 

irecchen (irecche) explaiaf Horn 368; iraht (part) La^. 


iriht r^A(: Rome is eowre irihte £03. 7906. 

irihten establish; iriht (part) £03. 14889; pou hast i-rigt 

pat was a mi8 Shoreh. 131. 

iiinen touch, adorn; a!le teore Tingeres irinen (part) mid 

goldringes £03. 24600. 

Mp „mtssis'', Wr. voc. 39. 

isselo happy, La-Tj. 7666 ; compos, unissele. 

isieli (fliseli") Aappy, £03. 28861 ; a. r. 60. 

isaht reconciled; i-aahte (pi) rel. songs V, 122. 

(isamnien) isomnie assefnUe, La^. 24248} isompned (j^att^ 

0. r. 186. 

is&wen sow; i-sowen (part) via. P. P. 3689. 

ischapen? ma^e, form; iscop (pret) Hick. thes. 1, 223; 

ischapeo (part) Mark. 20, 11; rel. songs IV, 25; rel. anL 

1, 174; Mis. 6466; CAawc. (7. (. 13008. 

ischeawien show; ischeawed (part.) Kath. 1573; a. r. 154. 
ischeoden shend, disgrace; ischend (part) Marh. 16, 12; 
a. r. 248; owl and night 1334. 

ischeoten shoot; i-scoten (part) rel. anf. 1, 183; iecbote 
chron. Engl. 928; ishote owl arid night. 1119; Alis. 5953. 
isclieren shear; i-Bchoru (part.) Ckauc. C. t 591. 
ischilden (i-shilde) shield, owl and night. 779; ischildo 


(prea. mbj.) a. r. 84; i-shilde rel. ara. 1, 245; i-sclielde 

(imperat.) Skoreh. 86, 

ischtren pronounce, speak: ne dar heo o63t t word ischire * 

otel and night. 1530; Idke pat {>u nfl m^re swulc ping ne 

isdre La^. 17129. 

ischrlven shrive; isehriven (part.) a. r. 332; ischrive Bek. 

2188; i-shrive vis, P. P. 2653. 

ischrudea clothe; ischrud (part.) Kath. 1187; a. r. 6fi; 

rd. songs V, 9; i-schrid rel. ant. 2, 191. 

isecben (i-sSche) seek, owl and night. 741; isohte (pret.) 

L03. 24556; isojt (part) rel. songs V, 150; Bek. 68. 

iseggen eag; iseid (part) Mark. 19, 10; owi oMd Mj^it. 

1035: c. of I. 1123. 

iseienllc visible: alle iaeienliche ding Hick. thes. 1, 166. 

isellen sell, dehver; isold (part) Fum. p. XXI, 77; c. 

0/ I. 344. 

isSmellc scemiy: (pe broc) swide isfimehche intd sse wended 

Laj. 21785. 

is^en seem, suit: un name pe hire mihte isSmen La-7^. 

9587; arrange: p& he bafde aliset and al hit isemed 21128. 

isenden send; isend (part) Bek. 1328; i-sent Chauc. 

C. t. 10094. 

iseon aec, Mark 7, 6; a. »•. 92; rel. songs IV, 41; iseo 

Bek. 125; c. of Z. 5^6; iseon, iseen Alis. 144 & 527; isee 

Fum. p. I, 14; i-sS CAouc. C. (. 10276; Trist. 2, 20; 

i-si Shoreh. 107; isilist (pres) a. r. 178; oioi aW nt^A(. 

1230; isihd a. r. 6; i-sihp c. 0/ i. 708'; (we, je) iseoi! 

(iseop) a. r. 196; HV. ireat. 132; c. 0/ ^. 16; Skoreh. 56; 

iseh (pret) La^. 1408; i-sej oW and nw^Ai. 29; i-segh 

a. s. TTeft. 966; i-sehen (part) Kath. 1746; i-sesen SAoreA. 

160; i-seighen wis. P. P. 2480; i-se^e Brand. 1; iseien 

a. c. 92; i-sen Degrev. 1576; i-sfine ('/'or ia^en?) owl aTid 

night. 166 & 275; Chaitc C. t. 594. 

iseten (part) sitten, sessus, La^. 18532; whaa we beop 

isete Brand. 13. 

isetten set; iset (part) Kath. 1997; a. r. 254; Bek. 1366; 

CAawc. G (. 3243. 

iaewien sew, conauere; iseouwed (part) a. r, 200, 

iaib related, La-t^. 411; Boi. Glouc. 315, 5; menie of hem 

him were iaibbe Fum. p. XVI, 85. 

isijen descend; isijea (part) La^. 12537; i-sihen Kath. 


32i i 

isihde sight. Hick thes. 1, 224; (dat.) La'^. 13990. 

isinheowe? isinheowen nconjugea", Wr. voc. 87. 

isl&n slay; isla^en (part.) ia^. 965; i-slase av>l and night 

1140; islawe Bek. 2189; i-slawe, i-slain Chauc. C. t. 945 

& 5025; islam (m». y skin) Trigt. 2, 33; i-alaiae (for 

ielaien?) Will, gloss. 230; i-alein Kath. 201; isleien a. r. 


islSpen tleep; isl^pe (part.) Brand. 6. 

ismakieii taste? headehche ismoked (ismaked) a. r. 316. 

ismlten smite; ismito (part) Bek. 2143; rel. ant. 1, 267; 

ismete Ilardw. poem 73, 11. 

isom agreed, tel. songs V, 254; isome (jd) Rob. Glouc, 

40, 10; beop isome owl and night 1733. 

isfidien verify, La^. 29011. 

isp^den speed: al heo iap^dden ase heo ispeken bafden 

X03. 3399; isped (part) Bek. 1485; Wr. spec. HO; C^ctuc. 

a (. 4218. 

ispeken speak; ispeken (part) Lai,. 3136; a. r. 108; 

ispeke owl and night. 1291; Brand. 15; c. o/" i. 1062; 

ispoken Chauc. C. (.,9380. 

isprdden spread; vx^t&A. (part) a. r. 390; espred Aud. 78; 

isprad Brand. 6, 

iapringen spring; i-sprunge (part) oiol and night. 300; 

ispronge Bek. 1285. 

(iatanden) istonden stand, X03. 15505; istond(e) (part) 

Trist 1, 89. 

iBtadelien make stable: pis lond wes istadeled La'^. 6777. 

iBtisen mount; istien (part) a. r. 400. 

istillen sd'ii; i-stild (part.) Shoreh. 133. 

istrengen fortify; i-strenget (part) Kath. 2197, 

istreon progeny, produce, La^. 22597; rd. ant. 1, 175. 

istreonen beget; istreoned a. r. 66; c. of I. 1380. 

iBund sound, sanus, La^. 821; i-sunde (pi.) otcl and night. 

1 1 00. 

isunde, ODutch gesonde, health: mid isunde La^. 3982, 

isundren sunder, separate; isundred (part) a. r. 252. 

iaunesen? sin; isunesed? (printed isuneged) (part) a. r. 

806; iBene^ed (printed i-aenoged) Shoreh. 6. 

tsntelieii manifest; isuteled (part) a. r. 8. 

iawelsen devour; i-suol3e (part) owl and night. 146. 

iswevien put to sleep? mid pEere wreedde he wes isweved 

La^. 3073. 


i 325 

iswiken cease: i-awike (prts. subjj owl and mgld. 927. 

ispinc, ispinch, jespinch labour. Hick. thea. I, 223; Furv. 

p. Vlll, 18 & 98. 

iswingen awinii, heal; iawimgen (part.) Wart. hist. 1, 24; 

i-swongen Wr. spec. 84; i-awooge rel. ant. 2, 278. 

isporen (part) sworn, a. r. 96; rel. songs V, 60; i-sworn 

Chauc. C. t. 3301; i-swore HardW. poem 48, 6; a. a. Wr. 


it4cuien token, signify; iUcned (part) Lot,. 32115. 

itsechen teach, assign, Lar^. 10395; itiehten (pret^ 11169; 

itaht (pan) 6298; i-taught Cliauc. C. t 127; itfiiht 

a. r. 170. 

(itfese?) iUse commodioua, convenient, La-7^. 6502. 

itawien law; itauwed (part.) a. r. 418, 

itesen tie; itSied (paH.) Katk. 1292; a. r. 14; (i-teyed) 

Chauc. C. t. 459; i-i&id owl and night. 77 S; itijed c. o/ i. 


itel number, traj. 7805. 

itelle(n) tei^, La^. 24627; itald fpart^ 8392; Kath. 1293; 

itold o. r. 198; Wr. spec. 26. 

iteoE draw, educate, idj 2418 & 32114; i-tojen (part) 

owl and night. 1723; itowen a. r. 108 & 324. 

itjden .(i-tide) tide., happen, dwl and night. 1731; itidde 

(pret) iaj. 27898; a. r. 152. 

itilien tdl, cultivate; itiled (part.) La'T,. 10026; a. r. 78. 

itimbren timber; itimbred (part) a. r. 124; i-timbret 

Kaih. 1972. 

itreouwe true, ia3. 4451. 

ituhten draw, discipline; livihb ( part) Wr. p. a. 220; bwon 

he . . . haved ituht hit (his child) wel a. r. 184; pei buj) 

to pe king itight Alis. 7164. 

itadien ^mnt; itHdet (paH) Mark. 9, 20. 

itwin (win; itwiimea (pi) La^- 12256. 

ipanc, idanc thought, Fum. p. VIII, 54; Ilick. thes. I, 223. 

ijienchen(iJiencbe)(AiJife, co(?ti!a>'e, J/icA. thes. I, 223; i-penche 

(pres. subj.) owl and night. 723; ipouht (part.) a. r. 164; 

ip03t JBek 110; i-pou^t Skoreh. 115. 

i[)eoii lAriwe, La^. 9116; ipeo Brand. 7; i-pi Shoreh. 102; 

ipe3 f^ret^ 5eyfc. 151; ip^i (ipeh) ia3.299; ipowen (ipojen) 

(part) 340. 

ipeven (ipeven?) permit, Lag. 15279. 

ipoUeu suffer, La^. 482; a. r. 122. 

<,i<,., Google 

i|)rastea tknut: moo mihte i I>&re lasten (for peo laste, 

»cU. wnnde) tw& gloven ipraste La^. 28581. 

ipreatea compd; iprat (part.) a. r. 304*. 

ipringen push, press: [Mime pu art td me i-pnmge owl 

and night. 38. 

iuiine(ii) graTd, Zaj. 31568; iftfle (pret.) 16549; ianned 

(paH.) a. r. 30. 

iwakien tcake, La^ 28082; i-waked (part.) Kath. 1760. 

iwalden govern, manage, La^. 17213; i-weld (for iweald?) 

(prea) owl and mgkt. 1541, 

iwalken walk: muchel ic habbe iwalken bi water ant M 

londe Hick. thes. 1, 228. 

iw^D resource, fortune, La^. 7706; his freondes strived to 

griptm his i-fon rd. songs V, 76 ; peg ich have nou liper 

iwon Bek 1022. 

iwar aware, a. r. 104; owl and night. 147; vis. P. P. 543; 

pe king was perof iwar Bob. Glouc. 168, 11; iwar, iw»r 

La^. 5781 & 7261; compos, nniwar. 

iwamen warn; iwamed (part.) a. r. 318. 

iwaxen wax, crescere; iwaxen (part.) a. r. 380; iwoxe 

Fum. p. XVIT, 143. 

iwMe weed, vestimentum, La-T^. 26754. 

iwe^en move't i-weid (part) Skoreh. 14. 

iwelde wteldy; compos, uniwelde. 

iwemmen imwre; iwemmed (part) Boh. Glouc. 339, 10; 

i-^emmed Kath. 1427. 

iwende? tumf men habbet among 6per i-wende, 4 rflm- 

hos at hore bures ende owl and night 631. 

i)ieii(Ieii wend, turn, go, Mark. 2, 18; iwende (pret.) a. r. 

260; iwend (part) owl and night. 1517; Bek. 1198; i-pent 

Kath. 1300. 

iwenen wean, train? peo pat hefde i^rist ant i[>enet hire 

Mark. 2. 

iwfinen ween, expect; iwende (pret) La^. 20237. 

iwerc, ewerc work; compos, handeperc. 

iwerpen throw, coat; iworpen (part.) a. r. 368; i-worpe 

owl and night. 1119. 

iwerden (iwerpe?) worth, turn, beccnne, (printed i-worpe, 

r. w. erpe) Fum. p. V\ 4; ipurden Mark. 7,34; to reoupe 

iwnrden (the other text has teorne) iaj, 94944; freond 

iwurden (iworpe) 5441; asr heom mihte iwurden (occur) 

what heo don wolde 25333; al pe wo pet nu is & ever 


1 327 

^ete w&s & ^ver schal iwurden a. r. 52; I^tedhine Iwur- 

deu ISaxet in gewerden, la him alone, 96; iworpe Bek. 

1252: lat god i-worfe via. P. P. 4250; ifiBxi (pret.) Lw^. 

6769; iweard a. r. 236; i-purdea Kath. 2487; i-worpe 

(part.) owl and night. 660. 

iweven toeave; i-woven „contea:tus*', rel. ant. 1, 7. 

iwil agreeable: pat him wes ful iwil La^. 29519. 

iwil will, Laz- 5935; ipil Fwrn. p. VIIl, 7. 

iwiQ contest, strife, LaZ- 90^^- 

iwinne striver; compos, wideriwinne. 

iwinden wind; iwonden (part.) Wart hist. 2, 2; i-wonnden 

5W. P. P. 3540. 

iwinaen (iwinne) win, owl and night. 766; Sob. Glouc. 

519, 6; TTr. spec. 113; iwon (pret) Xaj. 2560; iwunnen 

('part.^ 7233; i-wonne SAoreA. 94; vw. P. P. 2657; Chaxte. 

0. t. 2661; ewonne Wr. an. lit. 87. 

iwirchen work; i-werche (pres. suhj.) rel. ant. 1, 173; 

ifforhte (•pret,) La^- 4208; i]>raht (port.) Marh. 9, 33; 

iwroht chron. Engl. 755j Wr. spec. 36; i-wroght vis. P. P. 


iws, A Sax. ge|>is3 (gepia), OHGerm. gewisser, certain, 

JWarA.6, 9; Oiro. 687; (iwiB?) a. r. 270; iwia Xa3. 29481; 

ITr. treat. 132; Mar. war. pZ. 130; I. e. c. 5; (i-wia) owZ 

o?trfm^A(.35; CAawc. C. (. 3277; Triam. 216; Tiw. 1213; 

(ms. i wis) mef. horn. 17; sacram. 483; sit waa pe sonne 

p6 8eve(n) sipe, i-wis (for hit ia iwis), brihtore pen heo 

noB is c. of L 101; iwiaae, OSax. OHGerm, gewiaso? 

certainly, La^- 19315*; (i wiaae) met. hom. 41; Mor. a. p. 

2, 84; Tor. 392; m. Arth. F. 3633; mid ipisso (iwisse), 

cmp. OHQem. in giwissi, wiih certainty, Fum. p. VIIl, 

71; La^. 7607; Wr. spec. 61; Skoreh. 23; to iwisse La^- 


iwiahche certainly, La^- 26184. 

iwisien, iwissen show; iwisse (pres. suhj.) rel. ant. 1, 102; 

iwlaed (part.) La^. 1525; Shoreh. 122. 

iwist (iwust) being, living, a. r. 156*. 

iwit wit, seme, owl and night. 772 & 1186; (he) f3r neh 

lit of his ipitte Marh. 6. 

iwiten wit, know, guard, keep, Lai,- 15800; o. of I. 67; 

■4iw.763; iwite Rob. Glouc. 487, 23; Skoreh. 128; Hartsh. 

met t. 103; iwited (imper.) a. r. 64; ipist (part) Marh. 

2, 19; i-wist, i-wust c. f/" i. 261 & 1473; iwust a. »-. 48. 


328 ic 

iwlten go, X03. 17235; iw§.t (pret.) 658; wes I p&e ilke 
wike \)e ffirchebiscop ford iwiten 13244; purh pinne sti- 
wserd pe havediwiten (guarded) alpia ffird 13572; hesculde 
beon iwiten (punished) 2084; iwite known, lai le fr. 321. 
iwitnesse wiVjifija, „teaiinwnium", Wr. voc. 90; Ktuh. 2i9l*. 
iwre3en accuse, denounce; iwrSied (part.) a. r. 172. 
iwreken wreak, avenge; iwreken (part.) Im-t,. 3661; Wr. 
an. lit. 7; i-wroken Gam. 537. 
iprit writ; iprite (dot.) Fum. p. VIII, 51. 
iwriten write; i^riten (part.) Mark. 2, 4; rel. songs V, 15; 
(iwriten) a. r. 410; i-writen Skoreh. 91; i-write c. of I. 
24; Ckauc. G. t. 5086. 

"wriden writhe, wind, bind; iwriden (part.) Xaj. 25974; 

iwripen Chauc. r. r. 160. 

iwunden wound; iwunded (part.) a. r. 240; i-wounded 

Chauc. C. t. 10474; Trist. 1, 8. 

iwune citstom, Laj. 24580; i-wone owl and night. 475. 

iwunen accustom; iwuned (part) a. r. 230; iwoned Bek. 

1409; i-wont Chauc. C. t. 1694. 

iwurht, ASax. ge|>jflirt, OSax. giw(u)lirt, deed, desert; i- 

Wurhte (dot^ ia^. 24189. 

iwurdien honour, L03. 29687 ; iwiirded (part) 1 3422 ; 

ij>iirged Marh. 1. 

ic, ASax. OSax. ic, Go(A. ik, Oloel. ek, OHGerm. ih, 

Zoi. ego, Gr. lyio, J ("icAJ, La-^. 461; .Hot. Giowc. 1 ; Wr. 

treat. 137; TTi*. p. s. 199; ic (ich) Fum. p. VIII, 1; ich 

Marh. 1; iTaiA. 222; a. r. 12; oW and mi^A*. 1; Shoreh. 

129; ic, 1 Orm. 4813 & 4815; mei. hom. 32; ich, S c of 

I. 85, 326, 329 & 495; vis. F. P. 3 & 4780; Trist. 1, 

1 & 89; i Mand. 6; Chauc. C. t. 732; pr. cmisc. 1738. 
icchen = sicchen? itcA; „icliiii, ikin prurire", prompt. 

parv. 258; iccbed (paH.) Chauc. C. t. 3682. 

icchen,^ hicchen? hitch: icchen upward Orm. 11833; 

and 6vere lai pis maide stille, hi ne mi^te hire enes icche 

Fum. p. XXI, 132. 

idel, ASax. OFris. Sdel, OSax. idal, OHGerm. italer, 

mHc, Eath. 471; rel. ant. 1, 129 & 218; oicl and night. 

915; Fum. p. IX, 59; Wr. spec. 41; Ckauc. C. t. 2507; 

An idel t-ord Orm. 825; idel poht met. htm. 33; fidil 

pought) lud. Cov. 225; on idel in vain, vis. P. P. 9310; 

on idel & pipflten n6d Om. 12514; in idel Chauc. C. t. 
14057; of idele manne La-;^. 3310. 


Idelen 329 

idellesc vanitas, Orm. 2165. 

idelen, ASax. id{e)lian, teasef idils (prea.) Mar. mir. 
pi. 185- 

IdelneBse, ASax. Idelneas, idleaesa, Orm. 4736; idel- 
nesse (idilnjsae) iaj. 24911; Idebisse Fum. p. IX, 62. 

i f = 3if ? cmp. however OSax. OFris. Olcel. ef, OHQerm. 
ibu, Goth, iba, ibai and see Gr. gram. 3, 284, if, Orm. 
589; rel. aait. 1, 176; via. P. P. 164; Chauc. C. t 145; 
s. a. Wr. 56; pr. came. 85; if, ef met. kom. 33 & 52. 

ikel = *5ikel, ^okel? icle (ede); ikil, iekil prompt , 
parv. 259; compos isikel, 

ilde island, „i7isula", prompt, parv. 259; (dot.) Bob.Sr. 
56, 10; idle Alts. 4856. 

il, ile? .4Saa;. Olcel. il, OFris. ile? aoZe? t6 pe yle 
(ile) of hire hglen MarA. 10, 19. 

ile, OFr. isle, OHGerm. isila, iWe, Brand. 11; flmi 
1330; Ifor. a, p. 1, 692. 

ilespil („illespil"), cowwectefi wiiA .4Saa;. igil? k&ige- 
liog, Fum. p. XVIII, 47; ilespilles felles a. r. 418. 

like, -iSoic. Uca, jica, aame, iTaiA. 212 ; a. r. 68; Own. 
755 ; owl and night. 99 ; Shoreh. 12 ; via. P. P. 626 ; Chauc. 
a t. 723; i'ercew. 340; Triam. 514; m. ^r(A. F. 1765; 
aacram. 495; pat like lond La^. 1640; pis ilke dei Kath. 
2315; pe Uke womman Wicl. John 4. 

ille, Olael. illr, »■«, bio^jw, Fum. p>. VIII, 37; CAawc. 
C. t 3150; god or ille Triam. 113; ftu ille tr^ pr. conac. 
660; pu farest so dop (dSp?) pe ille owl and night. 421; 
heo gan him telle hire ille Alia. 1147; po IMi gr6t and 
gaf hire ille laumb. 315; b€ blip and yeve pe n6 ping ille 
Tor. 1533; take hit not t6 ille Degrev. 442; ille farfp^ 
male, Or-m. 6245; r«Z. SOTijfs F, 120; ww. P. P. 2699; pa 
swiken speken ille La;^. 5426; quepir sa pai do wel or 
Uie met. horn. 37: pei hire Ukede swipe ille Havel. 1165; 
Rimenild wep wel iUe Horn 677; he mai ful ille ferre 
fare Percev. 1079. 

illing, Olcel. illing, malice, rel. ant. 1, 218. 

impe, Dan. ympe, Swed. ymp, ODutch inte, ente, Fr. 
entc? imp, „aurculiis", -prompt, parv. 259; transact. 18,25; 
impen (pi.) a. r. 378; impes via. P. P. 2746. 

impin, ASax. impien (?), Dan. ympe, Swed. ympa. 
Germ, impfen, MHOerm. impfeten, ODutch inten, enten, 
Fr. enter? imp, „inaerere'', prompt, parv. 259; imped 


(pret.) vis. P. P. 2748; impid (part.) „insilus", rd. ant. 
I, 9; i-imped a. r. 360. 

in. ASax. OFrta. Olcd. OHGerm. Goth. Lat. in, Olcd. 
1. Or. l-v, in: pe cnave wes iboren in JiSre burhe L<^ 
295; in pe (inne) marhen Kath. 603; ia hire breoste a. 
230; in his mdder vambe Orm. 168; in mine neste oid 
and night. 282; in (on) eiper side Kob. Glouc 174, 15 
in one dai Fum. p. IX, B6 ; in pe rode XX, 42 ; in p( 
brinke Wicl. John 21; in eorde (e^e) Kath. 353; vis 
P. P. 1618; Chauc. C. t 1898; in live Mand. 136; nes 
Brutus i pon londe La^. 342; pu ecalt do pe i pene vai 
29512; in halle & i bure Katk. 1470; i pe worlds a. 
10; i pis middelaerd Orm. 3496. 
?inli, ASaoj. intic, MiZy, Wicl gloss. 24; Hoed. I, 237. 

i n , ASax. in, inn, Olcel. Gofh. inn, in ■• pet Bweord 
in deief Xaj. 6505; (heo) god in a. r. 272; he om (ran) 
in Bek. 88; de engles pe mid inn comen Hick. ihes. 1, 
168; in siiied (insaked?) rel. ant. 1, 220. 
inblilwen (in Jor and ?) hlow up; inblowip (pres.) Wicl. gloss. 
inbringe(n), Germ, einbringen, bring in, Wicl. gloss. 
inbfl3en? inbowe (in /brand? cmp. ASax. inbindan := on- 
bindan) incline, Wicl. gloss. 
inclepen (in = an) call on, Wicl. gloss. 
income income, entrance, HcuHw. diet 475. 
income(n), ASax. inciunan, OHGerm. inqueman, come in, 
' ps. 23, 7. 
inga(n) go in, HaUiw. diet.; ingtsinge, iQgSende (part) 
Wicl. gloss. 

ngang, ASax. OHGerm. ingang, erarance, ps. 120, 8; 
nsong a. r. 164; in^eong La-^,. 28370. 
gain (i = a, an), OIceL igegn, again, md;. horn. 4. 
ngot. Germ, eingusz ? ingot, jet, mold: he schop his ingot . . . 
of pis teine Chauc. C.tlZl^Q; in pe ingotbe it cast 13242, 
"nlaiden lead in; inMdde (pret.) Wid. glosf. 
nleete (inlsto), Germ, einlssz, inlet, md:. horn. 51. 
nlseten, ODutch in-laeten, let in: nenne mon ne leten 
(pres. subj) heo in a. r. 424; inlate (part.) Octov. 1188. 
inla^e „suject h la lei le rei", rel. a/U. I, 33. 
inli^ten, ^Saa;. inljhtan, «i/i^Ai; inlijtid f^part.^ Wicl.glos». 
inrss „irruptio", pt. 90, 6. 
inread very red, a. r. 402 ; inred s. s. Wr. 61. 
inseil seal, sigiRum, Marh. 5 ; insesles (pi) Orm. dedic. 260. 

in 331 

insetten set in; insett (part.) Wid. gloss. 

insiht iiisight, LaT,. 30407; Orm. 14398; met. horn. 2; 

(in-siht) c. of I. 558; insist Wr, treat. 132; Mor. a. p. 

2, 1669; insight pt-. consc. 253. 

inteon. Germ, einziehen, tnt&-: porw pe faste jat he coe 

(r. gon) inteo (f ms. in teo) a. of I. 877. 

intil, 8wed. intill, intill, Havel. 128; Triat. 2, 24; vis. 

P. P. 8447; (in-til) pr. consc. 6644; (in til) met. kom. 14; 

j)at ledep men up intil hefnes blisse Oi-m. 46. 

into (in t6?) into, Mark. 4, 13; Katk. 7 ; a. r. 54; Orm. 

635; owl andnigkt. 1581: Brand. 32; wis. P. P. 3; JMawit. 

7; Chauc. C. t 2431; ^' Jeaws disc. 460; from hevene in-to 

eorpe alihte c. of ^. 916; heo cdmec into (ww. Cott. CaZi^. 

A IX in to, WW. Co«. Otko C. T/77 intB) haveae Xaj. 5150. 

iufiard inward, Mark. 8, 4; inward, inwardes a. »•. 92 & 272. 

iaw&rdhciie inujtsrdly, a. r. 282; Wid. gloss. 24; in^rdlij 

Orm. 697. 

inwit conscience, a. r. 2; Brand. 26; Shorek. 55 & 96; 

m P. P. 11927; ^r. comae. 5428; inwitte (dat.) Bob. Br. 

155, 10. 

inpid inwitk, intra, Kath. 172; a. r. 308*; inwip Chauc. 

C.(.9818; (in-with) PercTO. 611; i-with? Mor.a. p. 1,969. 

inwrappe(n) inwrap, Wid. gloss. 

in, ASax. inn (in), Olcel. inni, t«M, Aouse, Aome, ^3- 
14268; o. r. 260; inne (dat.) Chauc. C. t. 2438; s. s. W^. 
1606; TrisL 2, 11; at inne Orm. 12739; vis. P. P. 4907; 
innes (pi.) Mand. 34; met. horn, 63. 

inc, ASax. OSax. inc, yiMt (^oj, (Kat. ace) £03.5102; 
iftij-A. 21, 33; June Orm. 6206; inker (gen.) La^. 5102; 
3unker Orm. 6183. 

inoie, ASax. Ohax. OHGerm. inne, GoiA. inna, in, tn- 
(iw, «. r. 62 &280; ««. P. P. 13597; Chauc. C. t. 10891; 
ifocci. ///, 6; he is inne gone forseten rel ant. 1, 184; 
pd he ves inne 3, 272; pulke hous ... as seint Thomas 
was inne ibore Bek. 83; pat hus pat brsed is inne don 
Orm. 3530 ; he went inne Percev. 437 ; compos, her-, parinne. 

innemeste (ninemaste"), ASax. innemeste, inmost, c. 
of I. 809. 

innene, inuen, inne, ASax. innan(e), OSax. Olcel. 
OHOerm. innan, OFria. inna (ina), Gotk. innana, in, intra: 
pe sparewe innene crftp La'^. 29282; inne gride & inne 
fride 184; inne pe see fum. p. VIII, 42; inne, ine 0, r. 


332 ianere 

20 & 30; me heovene ourZ and night. 914; compos, an-, 
bi-, witTiniien. 

i n D e r e , ASax. in(ne)ra, OHGerm. innero, Olcd. innri, 
inner, Wicl. gloss,; inre a. r. i. 

innerli. Germ, innerlich, innerly, internally, WicL gloss.; 
inderllke? rel. ant.'l, 235; inderli? Qow. 1, 227. 

innerest, OHOerm. mneroat, intimus, Wid. gloss. 24; 
inrest Orm. 1017; inreste (dat.) ps. 85, 13. 

inneste, A8ax. innoste(?), intimus, Wid. gloss. 

inned, ASax. innod, cmp, OZ/Germ. innadri (iniestina), 
iatc de maideiies inneile „tn virginis ttterum". Hick. tkes. 
I, 168. 

ianien (inDi), ASax. innian, inn,' lodge. Bob. Glouc. 
336, 14; inned (part.) Wid. gloss.; w6re our seed iaaed 
Hoed. 11, 29. 

inniDge, ASax. innung, inning. Hoed. II, 15. 

ire (ire?), OFris. ire, ASax. yr, yrre? angry, IJa^. 
18597; see irre? 

ire (ire?), OFr. ire, Lot. Ira? ire, Chaue. C. t. 1784; 
Rich. 3633; pr. consc. 8583. 

Iren, ASax.iTea, isen, laem, OFrisAmru, OSax, Olcel. 
OHGerm. Isarn, Goth, eisam, iron, ferrum, a. r. 284 ; 
Own. 4129; Mand.BO; Chauc. C. t. 3807; Lidg. m. p. 54; 
pr. consc. 8033; ire Wr. treat. 135; isa Alia. 5149; Irene 
(dat.) La-T,. 7831. 
irensmip Wicl. gloss. 

Iren, ASax. iren, isem, iron, ferreus; ii(ine(dat.) Orm. 
19821; (nom. pi) Mand. 30; (dot. pi) La^. 1019; Rich. 

ilk (irke?) weary, loath, Rob. Br. 297, 22; met. horn. 
23; Ilor.l&W; atU. Arth. Fi,12; erk Chauc. r. r. 4870; 
irke (pi) Triam. 463; Isumh. 118; sacram. 917." 
irksum irksome, pj'astidiosvs'-', prompt, parv. 266. 

irkin, MHGerm. ^rksxi, irk, weary, „fastidire", prompt. 
parv. 266; irke Bob. Br. 72, 18; pr. consc. 8918; lud. 
Gov. 178; erke Aud. 74. 

(irre) eorra, ASax. eorre, yrre, angry, wroth, a. r. 304, 

irre, ASax. irre, eorre, yrre, ODvick erre, anger, Orm. 
18000; eorre a. r. 116*; eire? (urre) rel ant. I, 175. 

is (iis), ASax. OFris. OHGerm. is, Olcel Ibs, ice, Wicl 
gloss. 24; cr. P. P. 867; pr. consc. 6672; iae (dat) rel 
songs V, 142; Bob. Glouc. 463, 4; Mand. 130. 


iBil 33S 

tsikel icide; iis-ikles (pi.) Qaw. gloss. 390; tsekeles via. 
P. P. 11820. 

iail, ASax. Jsel, isle (easle), „_favUla", prompt, pare. 
266; isels (pi.) HalUw. diet. 949. 

ipen, Olcel. idinii (assiduus). 
ipenli (asiduoualy, met. Horn. 108; pr. consc. pre/. X. 

iyen, ODutck ieven, ivin, hedera. 
mn-W 9. 8. Wr. 181. 

ivi, ASax. ifig, OHGerm. ebah, ivy, „hedera", prompt. 
parv. 266; owl and night. 27; ivi, ive Wicl. gloss.; ive 
Fum. p. XXXI, 358. 
mberye Mand. 186. 
ivilef Gow. conf. am. 2, 21; ChatK. C. t. 1846. 

iw. ASax. if, eop, OHGerm. \v&, yew, „taxus", Wr. 
voc. 91; 6w rei. amt 1, 7; Ckauc. C. t. 2925, 

jadejOK/e, Ckauc. C. t. Tyr. 14818. 

iagge, Gaei. eag? jag, prompt parv. 255. 

jaggea jag; jagged (part.) HaUiw. did. 482; jaggid 
liar. mir. pi. 193. 

iakke, ODutck jacke, OFr. jaque, jack, coat, prompt. 
parv. 256. " 

iaugelin, Dutch jangelen, Opr.\er, jangle, „gar- 
rire, hlMterare", prompt, parv. 256; jangle vis. P. P. 1071; 
jangli rel. ant. 2, 243; jangle (prea) Ckauc. G. t. 10534. 

japin jest, tridc, „iUude)-e", prompt, parv. 257; japed 
(pret) via. P. P. 593; (part) Ohauc. C. t. 1731; compos. 

iogelin, OFr. jongler? Lat. joculari? see Die/s wh. 
174, juggle, prompt, parv. 263; jogele vis. P. P. 8490. 

jo gel our, OJ^r. jogleor, jugleor, [jongleur], SpoM.juglar, 
juggler, via. P. P. 3935 ; Chauc. C. t. 7049; jogoleris (]A) 
Mia. 835; jogulours Mand. 237; summe iuglurs beod J)et 
ne kunnen serven of non oder gleo l)uten makien chores 
& wrench en mis hore mud & schuleii mid hore &en 
a. r. 210. 

joggen, cmp. LGerm. jukeln (joggle), jog; joggep 
(pres) Chauc. I. g.w. 2705; jogged (^pt-e(.J vis. P. P. 14192. 

joie (ioie), OFr. joie, Ital. gioia, joy, a. r. 218; Fum. 
p. IX, 206; Wr. spec. 76; (yoie) Eglam. 4. 

jo in en (ioine), Fr. joindre, Ital. giugnere, j<«'n, Mor. 
a. p. 2, 726 ; joine (pres.) Ckauc. r. r. 2355 ; joined (part) 
via. P. P. 1157. 


334 jol 

j61, from jowe? jow/, „caput**, prompt, pare. 264. 

jornai, OFr. joTnee, Ital. ^orneAs^ journey. Tor. 1396; 
joumei Mand. 57; jiimei Eglam. 230; (yumei) eii of 
T. 961. 

iowe, iouwe, OFr. jowe, jone, Prov. gauta, ItaL gota, 
jaWf „Tna7idibula", prompt, parv. 265; (iowe) WicL gloss.; 
joweB (pi.) Mand. 107, 

iowel, OFr. jouel, Ital. gioiello, jewel, prompt, parv. 
265; juwel a. s. Wr. 28U; iuel Mor. a. p. 1, 249. 

juggen, OFr. jugier, jucier, Lat. jndicare, judge, a. r. 
118; vis. P. P. 1196; jugge c. of I. 419; a. a. Wr. 3099; 
Jugged (part.) Mand. 92. 

kebben? kebbede fpret.) Skorek. ill. 

kechel kickel (kideel), amcdi cake, Orm. 8662; kichel 
Ckauc. C. t. 7329. 

kei, ASax. caeg, caege, OFria. kei, kai, key, „ciavis", 
prompt, parv. 269; kai «. s. Web. 1864; keie Wr. voc. 92; 
Gow. conf. am. 1, 10; cr. P. P. 60; keie (keye) (dot.) cd 
and night. 1555; lud. Cov. 31; ^acc^ Ckauc. C. t. 13147; 

Zi(^^. m. p. 

!; kei^e Shoreh. 47; keyes fpij BicA. 4147; 
Mor. a. p. 2, 1438; keyes here (bearer) Wr. spec. 49; 
kayes Percev. 2102; keyen Rob. Glouc. 186, 8. 

keil, Dutch kegel, OSGerm. chegil, ftei'/, cotmm; cailis 
f^^^ rei. omt. 2, 224. 

k§leii, -ASoar. c^lan, Oi^m.k61a, keel,eool, Orm. 19584; 
kSlin prompt, parv. 270; keie Fum. p. XV, 102; Chauc. 
C I. 775; Udg. tn. p. 31 ; an*. .<4»tA. /F, 6; Mar. mir. pt. 
163; I. c. c G; kelep (pres.) Gow. conf. am. 2,360; kSled 
(part.) rel. ant. 1, 53; see colien; compos, a-, ik€lea. 

keiing keeling, Havel. Ihl ; rel. iint. 1, 85. 

kemben, ASax. cembaii, OHGerm. chempen, kemb 
(comb), a. r. 422*; kembe Ckauc. C. t. 3374; „keniiii 
pectere", prompt.parv. 270 ; kemben (pres) vie, P. P. 5631 ; 
kembed (pret) Mand. 24. 

kembstere (kemster), ODutck kemstere, (female) com- 
ber, Wr. voc. 194. 

kernes, ASaa;. cemea, Lot. camisia, skirt? met. hom. 
124; witbouten kirtele or kemse Rob. Br. 122, 14. 

kempe, ASax. cempa, OFris. kempa, OSax. kempio 
H. zeCtsckr. 5, 199, OHGerm. chempho, chempbio, from 
camp, kemp, champion, pugii, pugnator, Kath 803; Orm. 
3587; Will. gloss.; kem^&n (pi.) Mark. 1 ; kempen (kempes) 


ken 335 

La^. 463; tempee Perceu. 47 ; 1,269; kempene 
(gen. pi.) a. r. 196. 

ken, Olcel. kEeon? knowing? beo nil ken Katk. 2070; 
|m art ken (iken) 2254. 

kene, ASax.c^aa, OHOenn. chnoner, keen, sharp, hold, 
Lot,. 3120; Katk. 1932; a. r. 140; Orm. 16139; owl and 
ni^/tl. 1703; Fum. p. XX I, 149; c. o/?. 1248; Wr.spec.llQ; 
Mand. 173; Eglam. 1248; Tor. 2710; ant. Arth. XLVII, 
Z; 8. a. c. XVII; kenre (compar.) Kath. 1953; kenuest 
(mperl.) La^. 22652. 

k€nliche keenly, Lar,. 1573; rd. ata. 1, 172; k^neliche 
KatK 2240; keneli Mor. a. p. 2, 945; Vka\akeaiB (mpai.) 
Laz- 25429. 

keanen, ASax. ceanan ^nonatrare, confiteri) Grein'a 
gloss., OFris. kenna (noacere), Olcel. kenna (noscere, docere), 
OSax. (ant) kennian (noacere), OHQerm. (ar-, bi) chennau, 
from caji, leen, know, recogniae, perceive, tell, teach, ahow, 
La^. 6639; kenne Gow. conf. am. 1, 204; Fercev. 407; 
Triam. 506; kenne me ... on Crist to bileve via. P. P. 
621; and paim pe wai til hevin kenne met. horn. 3; We 
and kenne 85; ^e kennid ... & cMed KcUh. 1347; pe 
kenned & cnftped 2096; heo kennep us care Wr. p. a. 
159; kende (pret) Brand. 2; Mar. mir. pi. 162; & pfts 
word kende La^. 32066; pe meiden him answerede ase 
pe ansel hire kende Nick. thes. 1, 226; in pe face pe 
knigbte scho see and keade an oon pat (hit) was he s. s. 
Wr. 2875; kend (part) Wr.spec. 25; sacram. 15; compos. 
a-, hi-, ikennen. 

ken n en, ASax. c ennan , OHGerm. (ki)chennaii (gi- 
gnere), Jrom Sanscr. JT^C, Lat. gen(ui, -itua), get with 
child, beget : & moni enne hende wimmon purh heore crsefte 
(heo) kenned an kn La^. 15811; kenned (part) Orm. 
19268; pat porgh pe holi gostes might kenned was rel. 
ant. 1, 160; compos, a-, i-, ofkennen. 

kep (keep) keep, heed, care, Wr. spec. 103; Chauc. 
C. t. 2690; lud. Cov. 276; koep (— kop?) Wr. an. lit. 
90; k^pe-SAoreA. 12; 3,187; pr. conac. 381. 

kSpeo, ASax. cepan, cjpan (obaervare, tenere) Ettm. 
lex., ODuteh kepen (servare, tenere) Kit. diet., keep, watch, 
observe, await, receive, a. r. 332; via. P. P. 1946; MaTid. 
252; whfer he mihte pene kasisere iwisliche kgpen L03. 
26184; per heo wolden k6pen (woii) 26937; swaheowulled 


336 k£pere 

k6pe (the other tfxt has ao hii wollel) habbe) ure childre 
to l^sle 5316; k^pin „aervare", prompt, part). 272; tfipe 
Wr. spec. 35; Mand. 52; (keepe) Chauc. C. t. 130; & tu 
schalt ... to cartcume ... & kinemede kepa Kath. 399; 
ta k^pe him when he doun sal come pr. conae. 5029; na 
kfip (care) ich nApt (nost) Marh. 16; awl wnd night. 154, 
of pe ne kSpe 1 no3t Bet. 998; copnid & kfiped hpoch 
Are is kempe to overcumeii oder S.ath. 802; gode ^eme 
kSpep (takes) Shoreh. 11; kgpte (kepte?) (pret.) Lay 
27714; Chauc. C. t. 514; & god ne kepte noht of (lat 
Orm. 3114; he ne kipte of hSm non hure Fum. p. IX, 
64; pe ontful(l)e ne k^pten nout (would not like) pat me 
dealede of hore gode a, r. 248; mi bede kepid has he 
„orationem meam aduumpsit", p». 6, 10; kgpt Mand. 6; 
compos, ik^pen. 

kepere keeper, vis. P. P. 7675; Gow. con/, am. 3, 175; 
kepare prompt, parv. 272. 

Iter, Oleel. kiarr, kiorr (krat, virgidtam), Dan. kjser, 
Swed. kajrr (palus), car, marsh, fen, prompt, parv. 272; 
kerres (pi) Rob. Br. M. 3,. 414; compos, alderker. 
? kerlok, ASasc. cerlic, cyrlic (rapum silvestre), tAarlock 
(carlock, kerlack), „rapiatrum", Halliu). diet. 492; carlok 
„erBca", Wr. voc. 266; prompt, parv. 62. 

kerven, ASax. ceorfan, ODutch kerven, OFris. kerra, 
carve, secare, Horn 241 ; keryin „scindere, sculpere", prompt. 
parv. 273; kerve vis. P. P. 4004; Chaue. C. t. 10472; 
Mor. a. p. 2, 1104; kervis (pres) ant Arth. XXXXVII, 
5; kerve (imperat) I. c. c. 6; kerved Zaj. 5864; keorvinde 
(part) a. r. 250; karf (pret) Alis. 3629; carf Chauc. 
C. t. 100; s. s. Wr. 3011 ; cserf Log. 4012; kerf a. r. 398; 
corven chroti. Engl. 757 1 karve (aubju.nct) a. r. 384; corve 
Fum. p. XVIII, 50; corven (part) Chauc. C. t. 2698; 
corvin Eglam. 279; corraa prompt, parv. 94; ikorven a. r. 
424; compos, for-, tokerven. 

kerver carver, Chauc. C. t. 1901; kerveres (pi) vis. 
P. P. 5967. 

ket, Olcel. kiot Fritzner's ordb., kel (kit), flesh, rel. 
ant. 1, 218. 

k^te (k&t?) keen, Jiercef as A king k4te (r. w. 8§te) ret 
ant. 2, 9 ; of pe sonne . . . pe leomea beop so kete (r. w. 
hSte) Wr. treat. 138; and wormes per hep kete (r. w. 
%h.^\jeim.Digb. 86 /. 127 6, quoted by Madden, W'M.gloss. 

kevii 337 

231; kdte lordes Hartak. ma. t. 272 (Will. 13/ 
ketii holdly? W^L gloss. 

kevil, Olcel. kefli, kafli (bac^vm), ODutckc&vel (sors) 
Maerl. rb. gloss., kevel (eaveJ), ^caviua"*, prompt, parv. 274 j 
pa. 31, 9; keviles atickaf Bob. Br. M. 3, 396; keveles 
(hts) did pa,i caste Perceo. 1426. 

kex ieu (kix), vis. P. P. 11804; kix „C(dafnua*', prompt, 
parv. 277. 

kid, 07ce2. kid, kid, „hoedua", prompt pant. 274; kide 
^ehevreau", rel. ant. 2, 80; Orm. 7804; Chauc. C. t 8260. 

kid kid, „fascis", prompt, parv. 274. 

kid-, kidenSre kidney, Wid. gloss.; kidenei? Wr. voc. 149. 

kigge hedge, lively, prompt, parv. 274. 

kiken (kike) kick, Wicl. gloss.; kikide (pret.) {bid. 

klken, LGerm. kiken pr^. keik, k€k, Dutch kijken; 
Swed. kika, look, (pres.) Ckauc C. t. 3839. 

kikir „tentigo^, Wr. voc. 186 & 246. 

kile, Olcel kjli, wfcer, Wr. voc. 224; kiles (pL) rel. 
am. 1, 53. 

kime, omp. LGerm.kam(t (aeger), MHGerm, i^m (id.), 
kime, wretcht pe silli klme pi. t. 643. 

kimen, LGerm. kihaen (querij, OHGerm. chiTaa,n(id.)f 
he faintf iidniBi (paH.) kimed, £atA. 1298; compos, aidmsa, 

kimliD, from ASax. comb? hiirdin, tub, prompt, para. 
274; kemlin Ckauc. G. t. 3548. 

kinch kench (kinch, kink), twist, Wr. voc. 229. 

kindlen, cmp. Olcel. kynda, MHGerm. kiinten, kindle, 
Orm. 13442; kindlin prompt, parv. 275; kindle Chaw:. 
0. t. 13896; kiadifs (pres.) Percev. 756; kindled (paH) 
Mand. 70; kindeld pr. consc. 6603. 

kine, ASax. cine, cyne (vir iiobUis, rex). 
kinebern king's son, Mark. 4, 11; kine-bearn Iat^. 199. 
kineburh royid castle, Kalh. 1883. 

kinedom realm, Kath. 1472; a. r. 322; Orm. 2227; Rob. 
Olowc. 507, 12; rel. ant. 2, 226. 
kineserde royal yard, sceptre, Orm. 8182. 
kinefich royM: fijie kineliche bnrh La'^. 14130. 
kinelond royal land, La-^. 2523. 

kineiTche realm, Kath. 182; Orm. 2236; c. of I. 1416; 
Wr. p. s. 215. 


SSe king 

kinering (nkine ring") royal ring, Kath. 409. 

kinestete royal seat, Orm. 222 i. 

kinesUil royal alool, LaT,. 4517, 

kinepurde worthy of a king, JTotA. 667; kineworpe 

king,.4jSaa;.cin(in)g, cyn(in)g, OFris. kini(n)g, kem(n)g, 
OSax. cuning, OHGerm. chuni(n)g, OIceL kon(ua)gr, king, 
Kath. 27i a. r. 138; kinges (gen.) Bek. 203; kinge (dot.) 
Kath. 1307; kingea (n&m. pi.) 226; kinge (gen. pi) Orm. 
3588; kingene La^. 21609; via. P. P. 669. 
kingdom kingdom, Mand. 40; vis. P. P. 4806; rd. ant 
1, 22; pr. consc 8788; met horn. 96. 
kingli kingly, Lidg. m. p. 20. 

kingrtche realm, Alit. 5981; via. P. P. 250; kingrike pr. 
conac. 5780. 

kinkea, ODutch kinken (anhelare), cmp. ASacc. cin- 
cuDg (cachinnatio) Lye'a diet, kink, pant: i laghe pat i 
kinke Town, myst 309 (Mar. mir. pi. 179^; pe Cristene 
kenchen Kath. 2042. 

kip, ODutch kip (decipvla)f 
kiptre well-aweep, „telo", prompt, parv. 276. 

kippin, ODutch kippen, Olcel. kippa, kip (kep), „ra- 
pere", prompt, parv. 276; kippe Havel. 894; 1 kippe ant 
cacche Wr. p. s. 152; he kjppis Mar. mir. pi. 128; (pai) 
kippe Mor. a. p. S, 1510; lupte heore longe knives Boh. 
Glouc. 125, 15. 

kite, JBax. cyta (huteo) Wr. voc. 29 & 63, kAe, „mU- 
vua", Wr. voc. 177; Chauc. C. t. 10938; rel, atA. 2, 19; 
dep. of E. 13, 22; like to kites (printed tokites) HaUito. 
diet. 879. 

k i t e 1 e n , ASax. citelian, ODutch kitelen, ketelen, 
OHGerm. chizilon, kiule, tickle. 

kitelinge, ASax. citelung {?), OHGerm. ctuzelinge, 
tickling, Halliw. diet. 496. 

kitling kitling, „catellua", prompt, parv. 277. 

kitt(e), ODutch kitte (obba), kit, patl, Wr. voc. 217. 

1&, ASax. lA, lo, Orm. 741; owl and night. 1541; 16 
Kath. 2458; a. r. 168 & 278; Wicl. John 7; (loo) Lidg. 
m. p. 145. 

labben, ODutch labben, Uab; labbing (part.) Chauc 
C. t. 10302. 

I a c c h e (latche, lahche) 2atoA, „peaaulua'*, prompt, 
parv. 283. 


laccben 339 

lacchen, ^Saa. Iseccan, latck, take, Orm. 12300; lacche 
owl and night. 1055; wis. P. P. 3184; lecche (pres. suhj.) 
a. r. 164*; lahte (-prei.) 102*; H<m>. 249; lahte fit his 
timge Mark. 9; laughte vis. P. P. 12732; laii3te dep. of 
R. 13, 20; laht (part.) Ortn. 11621; laght Iw. 3622; 
iaught Alia. 685; lacched Roh. Br. 120, 24; latcliid (lab- 
chid) „arreptus", prompt, parv. 284; compos, ilacchen. 

lad, ASax. hlffld, Olcel. hlafl, from laden, hauatus: ^ 
loden alle t^inoe lad of his godoesses pelle Orm. 19313. 

Ud? ASax. (ge)iad? load? lades (lodes) mon, Germ. 
geleits maun, loads-man, La^. 6245; lodes mon Mor. a. p. 
3, 179. 

ladde lad, prompt, parv. 283; Wr. spec. Ill; Mor. 
a. p. 2, 36; dep. of B. 19,24; (dat.) Wr. p. s. 239; laddes 
(t^.) Eavel890; Alia. 1189; wis. P. P. 13022; Iw. 2266. 

I add re, ASax. hlteder, OFris. hleder, ODvtch ladder, 
leader, OHGerm. (h)leitra, ladder, Shoreh. 3; (acs.) c. of 
I. 915; vis. P. P. 16683; leddir Wr. voc. 225; leddere 
prompt, parv. 293; leddre (dat.) a. r. 354. 

14de, ASax. \ki. l&du(?), Olcel. laid, OEOerm. leita, 
leiti, from liden? lode (load), iter, ductus, onus: ilc ftn 
sholde [>rinne \kc hahben {>ip him o l&de Orm. 3455; 
he pile fol^hen aj pat ilke steomea lade 2140; of maiii 
smale comee ee m4d til A bore bak & mikel IkAe'pr. consc. 
3421; lode Yocc^ a. r. 268; Trial. 1, 39; Tor. 1676; 
(loode) Chauc. C. t. 2920; ^'f^^'^Q vectara, vehicidum", 
prompt, parv. 310; compos, liflade. 
16d-cniht Lot,. 25729. 

Iflde (loode)-eterre, ODufch leid-aterre, MaTid. 1 80 ; Chauc. 
C. t. 2061. 

ladel, ASax. hladle, ladle, vis. P. P. 13514; Chauc. 
C. t. 2022. 

laden {\&Aii\), ASax. OSax.hl&dan, OHGerm.(h)iada.ri, 
Olcel. hlada, lade, prompt, parv. 283; lade Horn 1409; 
ladep (imper) Orm. 14044; loden (pret) 19313; laden 
(part.) 14054; Rick. 1389; lade Mor. a. p. 1, 1145. 

laecb? lookf Ifecbes (pi.) Xaj. 1884; IScbes owl and 
nigkt. 1138. 

laeche, ASax. Ifece (medicus, himdo), Goth, lekeia, 
OFris. IStza (medvnts), ODutch laeke (kirudo), OHGerm. 
licbi, leech, Orm. 19354; ISche y,mediotis, kirudo", prompt, 
parv. 291; a. r. 178; Wr. spec. 92; Skoreh. 36 & 53; 


340 laocha 

m, P. P. 14531; M<md. 199; Chauo. C. t. 11984; a. », 
WV. 446; m. Arth. P. 200; Ifehea (^i^; ^«n». p. J(^F, 190. 
liechecraft leech-craft, Orm. 1869; Uecbecreeft Laz- 7610; 
Ifichecraft a. r. 178 i Jw. 2736. 
Icechedsm medicine, Orm. 1851. 

laeche (16che), Olcel. -leiki = leikr? ccmpos. cn&we- 

laechen cure, AesI, Orm. 1856; leecbe CAauc (ir, 854 ; 
liache (ISche) i'W-n. p. VIII, 162; Ifiched (pret.) via. P. P. 
11028; Iroched (part) Orm. 17227. 

laechen, ASaas. I^can pre(. Icehte (satire, IvAere), from 
l&k; compos, cn&we-, cM-, nSh-, rihtlsechen. 

laecnien (l&men), ASaa. Ifficnian, Ificnian, Oled. Uekna, 
Goth. ISkinon, OHQerm. l&chenon, cure, heal, a. r, 330; 
Kohnie L03. 16589*. 

laed (16d)? compos, unlsd. 

laeden, IMen, .^Soai. ladan, Oi^m. I^da^ OSa;);. Indian, 
0/(»2. leida, OHGerm. Jeitan, from ULda, 2ea<^ t2««ere, iiia^. 
1000*6; 10322; Ifiden a, r. 78; Om. 938; «. a. WV. 1636; 
god Uf ISden F«w. p. VIII, 62; 16de ma P. P. 11602; 
Tor. 1061; leaded (pres.) Kath. 261; Isedde (ladde) (prO.) 
Lay 584; IMde (ledde?) a. r. 160; Oroi. 3204; Goto, 
co^. am. 2, 374; leadde Katk. 1592; ladde £e&. 887; 
Alia. 148£; (^Aauc C. i. 2277; ladden reJ. anl. 1, 129; 
led (part) Orm. 6359; lad i>i«. P. P. 6186; Mand. 14; 
compoB. at-, for-, ilseden. 

lidere, JjS<kb. Itedere, ^odcf, »w. P. P. 775; IMare 
prompt, parv. 292. 

lading, Germ, leitung, leading, pr. consc. 4217. 

laene, Af^ax. bene (mwiiio datus, transitorius, futiUs, 
vUit, macer), OSax. l^hoi, lean, La^. 19436; l^ne rd. ant 
1, 211; Fum. p. XIII, 358; Ckauc C. (.593; Hardw. 
poem S4,6; (leene) via. P. P. 246; Lidg. m. p. 132; Une, 
leane a. r. 118 & 368. 

ISnin, ASax. \aaia,Ti(?), „macerare", prompt, parv. 296. 

la en en (l£nen), ASax. Itenan, OFria. I6na, OSGerm. 
IShanon, from Ifine, leu (lend), commodare, a. r. 248 ; Orm. 
16795; cr. P. P. 1477; ht mihte he leanen (14aen) lif 
t6 pe deade Kath. 1086; lene Jw. 737; (leene) Triam. 
683; (leine) Mar. mir. pi. 116; Use wordea pa me Ifinst 
(pres.) owl CTwd n^Ai. 756; laene (avhj) iaj. 4383; 16ne 
(imperat.) Degree. 1539; l€ne me youre hand Chauc, 


leenere 341 

C (. 3084; 16nde (pret.) Pum. p. VIII, 61 ; Bek. 775; 
!«ned (part.) Orm. 6159; Ifind rd. ant J, 113; Iflnt tw. 
P. P. 8983 ; compos, a-, ilienen. 

leenere lender, Wicl. gloss. 

IdnneBse ^nnesa, j)n>»i|rf. jwry. 296. 

laere (14re), J.Sikc (ge)lsBre(?) Somn. diet., 08aa!.]&n, 
MSGerm. here, OSQerm, Ifirer, leer (learj, vacuus, inatUs, 
owl and night. 1526; Bob. Glouc. 81, 1; compos, ileer. 

laeren, ASeix. lierasi (docere), OSax. Ifirian ^t- e(. Idrde, 
OFris. Ifira, OHQerm. l^ran; ISrraii, ODtOch Igren (tiocere, 
discere), Olcel. Isera, GofA. laiajan (Socerc), lear, docere, 
Orm. 6139; leren a. r. 64; 16re Bo6. Gimo. 67, 8; «w. 
P. P. 12630; CAaiiC. Tfoti. 5110; Perces. 232: Igrin 
„docere, discere'^, prompt, parv. 298; l^re jw. consc 155 
& 5874; discere, s. a. Wr. 131; and ISred prSates lore 
reJ. oKf. 1, 211; & pene king Iserde (preL) La'^. 7458; 
Hrde Fum. p. VIII, 154; lerdest owl and night. 1081; 
14rdeE.ffa(A. 470; Igred (part.) Chauc. C. t. 13698; Octov, 
1715; mef. Horn. 2; compos, i^ren. 

Idrare, OHQerm.]^n, Goth. hdwxeis, teacher, prompt, 
parv. 297. 

1 a e 3 1 (lest), ASax. Iffist, Iftst fveat^um, forma), OHQerm. 
teiat (forma), Goth, laiats (rzvoc), Ia«(, forma, Wr. voc. 
181; (ISste?) ortwipt, ^oru. 298; lAst Wr. voc. 1«6; lestes 
(pi) Fum. p. XXXIV, 13. 

laesten (listen, l^stin), A8aa:. Ifestan, OSaa;. ISstian, 
OFris. l^sta, lAsta, OSGerm.\ei3ton, 0o(A. laistjan (JSciuxuv), 
Zaa*, exsequi, praestare, durare, mjinere, prompt, parv. 299; 
cr. P. P. 1697; pat mai to hevene ISste Shoreh. 8; in 
Btmne ISste c. of I. 1068; l&sten (lasten?) Katk. 279; 
Orm. 8649; WV. spec. 49; (Jow. con/, ont. 3, 239; laBsted 
(pres) La'T,. 1959; l&ted a. r. 20; leasted Mark. 5, 2; 
pei listen noght pat pei behoten Mand. 252; 14ste (pret.) 
Boh. Glouc. 9, 19; lasted (part) Mand. 10; compos. 

laet, liete? ASax. (ge)lEet6 (?), ODutch laet (gestus), 
Olcd. l&t, lieti (gestus, sonitus), OHGerm. l£z (retniuio, 
junctura, spatium), leet (let, lat), look, sound; \ki met. horn. 
128; pe lot of pe windes Mor. a. p. 3, 161; oUttefdat) 
& hue 1, 895; l^te otcl and night. 35; man haldep hem 
for gode men for pesre gode late Orm. 1213; Ifites (pi.) 
LaT,. 1195; Kath. 105; a. r. 90; pid luvelicbe IktesMarh. 


342 laeten 

14; pe l&tes of pe foules Alex. Stevens. 149; lAtis larnnh. 
130; veie (fiw. weien) Iseten (dat pi.) La^. 15509; com- 
pos, i-, in-, fitlffit (-Isete). 

laeten, ASax. laBtan preL let (ainere), OFrU. l&tA(id.), 
Goth. IStan pret lailot {lav, titptivat), OSax. I&tan (sinere, 
miitere), ODuich laeten (sinere, mUtere, ae gerere, videri), 
Olcel. 14ta (ponere, sinere, facere, dicere, ae praebere, se 
gerere), OHOerm. l&zan (sinere, permittere, dimiitere), see 
Gr. gram. 2, 75, leet (let), sinere, ponere, mittere, relinq^uere, 
putare, se gerere, La^. 8612 ; & Iseteii pel of opre men 
Orm. 7527; Mten Oow. conf. am. 2, 369; peoa . . . \}&oS 
aJle ine freo wille to doiine oder to leteti a, r. 8; pat 
oder pu most 14ten 102; leten to wel of hire aulven 176; 
l^te, leote Kath. 944 & 1475; lete vis. P. P. 2464; and 
ISte him stiUe in his prisoun dwelle Ckauc. C. t. 1337; 
he hap l^ye Ms firste wif to Ifite 8621 ; hir lif sch6 moste 
lete 12451; lfi.te 4407; latin (laatin) prompt, parv. 288; 
IMe Mand. 11; 12.te him inne Percev. 966; his fel he der 
l^ted (pres) rel. ant. 1, 211; he ne ISt him nout blod 
a. r. 112, 17; al pat men aein he leet it soop vis. P. P. 
9967; latep modili^ Orm. 1336; Utes pr. conac. 1567; 
Iffite (flwtj'^ Fum. p. VIIT, 170; l^t (imper) owl and night. 
258; via. P. P. 1502; Ifited writen a. r. 42; let (pret) 
Bek. 451 ; & 16t it eornen Orm. 1336 ; & let lihtii^ pajrofe 
16517; sho 14t als sho him nogfat had sen Iw. ]809 
leet Chauc. C. t. 128; and leet light of pe lawe vie. P. P. 
4132; (lete) Trist. 2, 3; Percev. 966; [lette La^. 432 
Kath. 792; a. r. 54]; 14ten Brand. 5; Alia. 3278; Rich. 
3305; pe lutel leten of godes bode Fum. p. VIII, 131; 
leten (part) rel ant. 2, 273; lete Chauc. C. t. 4344: 
for a Imight 1 mai b5 lete Percev. 803; laten Iw. 2423. 
s. a. Wr. 1811; Uoh. Br. 61, 18; compos, for-, inlaeten. 

laeven, ^Saa:. Isefan, OFri!s. leva, O/cet leifa, OHGerm. 
leiben, Goth, (bi)laibjan, from lave, leave, relinmiere, re- 
liguum esae, manere, La^, 994; leven via. P. P. 9749; 
Gow. conf. am. 1, 86; leevin prompt, parv. 301; pat he 
ne mi3te leve per Befc. 1246; leaven iTafA. 429; o. nl62; 
pat tffir I6fep (prea) Orm. 8664; leve (auhj) Degrev. 933; 
lef (imperat.) a. r. 102; lefte (pret) Chauc. C. t. 510; 
for love lafte pei lordshipe vis. P. P. 14426; i lafte wip 
mi lord 1751; lasfden La^. 3909; Ifived (part) Min. 3; 
compos, hi-, for-, ilseven. 


laeped 34 3 

laefed, ASax. laiysA, lewd, „laicus,ignaru3",0rm.8iG; 
Bek. 378; lewed Mand. 164; Ckauc. 0. t. 576; Octov. 
1715; I6ud prompt, parv. 301; Aud.l8; l&vsd met.hom.6. 

ISudneese lewdness, „ignorantia", prompt, parv. 301. 

Uf, ^5aa:. hM, Goth, hlaibs, OJceZ. hleifr, OHGerm. 
leib, ioa/, Orm, 1474; lof (\aof) pr<ympt. parv. 310; Braiid. 
13; Trist 1, 35; ia,ve3 (>Z^ La7,.227&l ; lovea WiW. ,/oAm 6. 
lammesso, ASax. hlammEesse, hl4fm£esse, lammaa, prompt, 
parv. 283. 

Ififerd, ASax. hIS,rord; lord, Orm. 42 ; l&verd owl oTid night. 
967; pr. conac. 416; liverd, Iseverd Xaj. 268 & 19175; 
Ihoaverd H. seitschr. 11, 298; loverd a. r. 2; Bek. 490; 
lord vis. P. P. 204; Mand. 3; CAawc. C. t 839. 
l&ferddom dominatus, Orm. 11851. 
lordscLipe lordship, c. of I. 142; Mand. 9. 
l&ferding lording; IMerdinges (pi-) Orm. 918; 16rdii]ges 
cr. P. P. 1214. 

laverdling it?.; loverdlinges (pi.) Beh 524. 
lordllch lordly, vis. P. P. 8622. 

Ufdis (lafdij?), ASax. hlsefdige, /a%, Orm. 2156; lafdi 
.ffafA. 88; l^vedi owl and night. 957; rd. ant. \, 102; 
JirMwifc. 106; Iffifdi (leafdi) La^. 19277; Ufdi, leafdi a. r. 
4 & 38;. ladi Mand. 86; CAawc C. t. 88; T^r. apec.113; 
la-yedies (pi) a. r. 62*. 
lefdischipe ladyship, a. r. 108. 

laje? compos, in-, fit-, widerla^e. 

la^e, ABax. lagu, iow, ias- 6312 ; owl and night. 967; 
Shoreh. 50; la^he 0?-m. 2376; laghe chron. Engl. 104; 
pr. consc. 2163; Mar. mir. pi. 175; lawe Bek. 300; via. 
P. P. 1679; i. of T. 387; fadir in lawe „jMcer", prompt, 
parv. 145; lane .4wd. 39; lauh .Ko6. Br. 340, 14; la^? 
(lase) (pi) Fum. p. VIII, 156 (Bick. thes. 1, 223;; 
lahea Kath. 320; lawan Laj. 1167; c. of I. 167. 
lasheboc Orm. 1953. 
lawe-breche JreacA »/ law, Wicl. gloss. 
lasellche legitime, rel. ant. 1, 131; la3liellke Orm. 2374. 

lase, ASax. OSax. lagu, Olcel. liigr, ioy, teie; laie, 
leye Halliw. diet 502 & 517; lai Gow. conf. am. 2, 5; 
lauen (r. w. slawen) (dal. pi) Alis. 3856. 
leiyen (lajefen) -ta^. 22835; leiveE? (printed leinen) 
Mark. 14, 11; leieveane (dat) a. r. 328. 
leimore a. r. 328*. 


344 lajere 

latere (lavere) lawyer, prompt, parv. 290; lawiere 
vis. P. P. 4587. 

Uh, ASasc. l&h (?), Olcd. l&gr, ODutch laeg, l&eg, 
OFris. 16g, low, Orm. 1B246; gr. 16; Iflih (lot) £03. 986j 
I03 Bek. 1783; Wr. spec. 73;.8koreh. 145; a 16gli vii. 
P. P. 7897; bi loogh iciow, Jlfor. a. p. 2, 116; 16ali a. r. 
140; law i/in, 20; Ealliw. nug. poet. 17; low Wr. treat. 
136; pe l&3he leod Orm. 9319; 1^36 (adv.) owl and night. 
1454; Ikhe Mark. 12,31; Mwe £^323; IShre (<;i»n^rat) 
Orm. 2664; ISwure a. »-. 380; Wshest (tuperlat.) Orm. 
15247; laheste Mark. 14, 34. 

16311 lowly, Mor. a. p. 2, 614; lowli Chauc. C. t. 99. 
16uhiiesse lovmess, a. r. 278; lownesse prmnpt. parv. 314. 

143hen, ODutch leegen, low, lower, Orm. 2639; lowin 
prompt, parv. 315; lowe^ (pres.) Gow. conf. am. 3, 295; 
pe sonne lowep Alis. 5746 ; Uwes pr. cotuc. 8505 ; 1636 
Pe Shoreh. 107; ISwudest (prrt^ a. r. 190; 163ed (part.) 
Mor. a. p. 2, 1650. 

labtoim, ASax. leahtan Wr. voc. 285, lehtaa B01U. ev. 
glott; laighton, garden, rel. ant. 1, 264. 

lahen? laugh; 16h, ASax. OSax. Goth, hloh, Olcel. 
hia, (pret) La'T,. 25980; Wr. «wc. 28; I003, I6W3 Wid. 
gloat. 26; logh Eglam. 948; Triam. 1558; Octa». 988; 
16u3Bci.710; lough vis. P.P.13880; Chauc C. t. 14876; 
8. e. Wr. 3154; Triat. 3, 52; 16u rel. ant 2, 272; 16h3en 
(lowen) La^. 23987; 16we ^sii^^ Fum. p. XVIII, 46; 
lavhen, OSax. tUagan, (part) Chauc. 0. l. 3853; compos. 

lahien? ASax. hlehben, blybhen, hlihben, OHOerm. 
(li)Iahheii (lachen), QoOi. bkbjan, Oleel. blsegja, laugh 
(laigh); lahen (lahhe) Marh. 14, 32; lahshen Orm. 8142; 
laghe Eglam. 522; ant, Arth. XXXIV, 4; laugben tnii. 
P.P.2113; Chauc. C. t. 6425; lauhwen a.r.200; lau3we 
Fum. p. XXVIII, 3; lawhio prompt, parv. 290; lajhen, 
leijeii Wid. gloss. 26; lehjen, lihsen (lah3e) £03. 22419 
& 23717; leighe iJi'cA. 3451; lishe, llho Rob. Glouc. 93, 
3 & 101, 19; ligh(e) Gow. conf. am. 2, 25i; lnhinds (part) 
Kath. 1556; la^ioge Fum. p. IX, 72; lauhwed (lihes. 
Used) (pres.) a. r. 198; laghes pi*, consc. 1092; la3ed 
(pret) Mor. a. p. 2, 653; leisede Wid. gloss.. 

1 a gh t e r , ASax. hleahtor, OHGerm. hlahtar, Olcel. 

lai 345 

Iil&tr, lawjlder, pr. came. 1451; laghtitr Triam. 1558; 
laughter Gkauc. Troil. 2261; leihter Wr. voc. 93; lahtre 
(leahtre) (dot.) Katk. 2326; lehtre (lihtre) L03. 3045; 
leihtre (ace.) a. r 212. , 

lai, OFr. lai, Lat. la'icus, lay. 
laifeo Bele. 556. 

lair, Olcd. leir, lair, clay, HalUw. diet. 502. 

laiten (laita), OIcel.leitB,(^iiaerere), cmp. A8aa>. ylktian 
(irUueri), Golh. Tlaitou (nepipXficeodai), latt, look for, aeek, 
Iw. 237; Trist. 3, 69; Fercev. 255; lesten Orm. 3457; 
laites (pres.) pr. conso. 7535; laitand (pres. part.) pa. 23, 
6; laited (pret. part) Mor. a. p. 2, 1768. 

lak, ODvtck lak, lake (defectus, vitium, vituperium), 
lack, „defeotua'^, prompt, pan. 285; Rob. Glouc. 412, 15; 
lAdg. m. p. 1^8; lac of met Hick. thes. 1, 231; lake Octoo. 
1394; 8. 8. Wr. 3146; wipoute lake Shoreh. 146; lakeft 
(„lakkes") (pl.J via. P. P. 6146. 
laijEs laddess, P. P. p. 544. 

l&k (l&c), A8ax, 1^ (ludtit, mutius, sacrificinmj, Ooth. 
laiks (xopoc)) Olcel. leikr (Indus), OHGerm. leich (modus), 
sacri^e, present, Orm. 1062; Uc (16c) ^(13. 17748; lutel 
16c (Iftc) is gode I^f Fwrre. p. VIII, 37; preo kinges . . . 
16k him bro^te XIX, 128; laik laik, play, WUl. gloas.; 
via. P. P. 9388; sinful laik met. horn. 58; brohten to like 
Katk. 63; lokea (lakes) (pi) preaenta, a. r. 152; laike8 
playa, Mln. 10; Percev. 1704; ant. Artk. XLII, 5; lejkes 
Orm. 2166; compos, cair-, dusi-, feir-, fSr-^ fiht^, freo-, 
god-, idel-, love-, meok-, reaf-, schend-, siker-, wedlak 

lake, ASax. lacu(?), Iac(?), ODvich lak, Olcel. Isekr, 
OEGerm. lacha, lake, pool, prompt, parv. 282; lak Mor. 
a. p. 2, 438; pen lac (lake) ?acc.) Lai,. 1280; lake Mark. 
14, 11; (dot.) Fum. p. XXV, 162; Mopes 337; Gkauc. 
O. t. 5851; ii%. m. p. 153; iuii. Coo. 309, 350 & 387. 

lake, 08ax. lacan, ODutak laken, OHGerm. lachan, 
iiMW*, ffaliiw. rfwf. 502; Gkauc. C. t. 15267. 

laken, ASax. IS-cau, GoM. laikan, OJcei, leika, spring, 
leap: Ardur him Isec (the other text has leop) to La'^. 
21269; hit Uec toward hirede folc uniniet« 2S522. 

lakien (lakkin), OFria. lakia (impugnare), ODutck 
lakeil (vituperare, deficere), from lak, lack, deficere, „vitw- 
perare", prompt, parv. 285; lakke Mand. 214; s. a. c 


346 I£Lkien 

.Y VIH, 1 ; t6 lakke his chaffare vis. P. P. 27 3G; Mm sholde 
lakke no llflcde 7147 ; lakes (pres.) pr. consc. 797 ; lakede 
(„lakkede") (pret.) Chauc. C. t. 758. 

Iftkien (Uken), MHGerm. leichen? from lik? lake 
(laik), sacrifice, Orm. 973; I4ke play. Mar. mir, pi. 139; 
whan pai wil km man Uke (deceive) s. a. Web. 1212; laike 
via. P. F. 341; lesken Orm. 12044; laikez Mor. a. p. 2, 
872 ; P&, pr§ kingea lAkeden (presented) Crist mp prinne 
kinne Idkes Orm. 7430; laiked (pret) played, WilL gloss. 
232; Gaio. glass. 392; laikid met. horn. 71. 

lam? A8ax. lama, OSax. lamo, Olcel. lami, OFris. 
lam, lom, loma, OBGerm. lamer, lame, ps. 108, 23; lame 
owl and nigU. 1730; Wr. an. lit. 7; Lidg. m. p. 225; 
lome Zaj. 30777. 

l&m, ASax. 14m, ODvtch leem, OHOerm. leim, Zoam, 
£atA. 991; md. Aom. 1; Ifljne SaUita, nug. poet. 39; j)r. 
C[>ndc Mofea 272. 

Iamb, ASax. OSax. Olcel. Goth. OSGerm. lamb, lamb 
(lomb), Chauc. C. t. 4979; met. horn. 45; (lam) Mar. mir. 
pi. 150; lombMarh. 12, 22; a. r. 304; Afand. 264; lambre 
(>(;) Orrni. 13329; lambren vis. P. P. 10034; Wicl. John 
21; X%. JM. p. 169. 

lamien (lamin), J.Sax. lemian, OHGerm. lemen, Olcd. 
lemja (percuiere, frangere), lame (lam), prompt, parv. 286; 
lamed (part) Bob. Br. M. 3, 309; compos, alamien, 

lampe, Fr. lampe, lamp, Mark. 20, 21 ; lampen (pi) 
Film. p. XIII, 121. 

lane? ASax. l^n, OFris. len, Olcel. lan, OHGerm. 
Ifehan, loan; lone proiupt. parv. 312; reZ. aiU. 1, 113; 
^mo<Z. floia. XXXVUI, 10; lAne ('rfoi^ ^aiiiw. diet. 504; 
i^MTO. p. ZFJi, 479; Gow. conf. am. 2, 284; Ckauc. C. t. 
7443; lone (ace) a. r. 208; (toone) vis. P. P. 14498. 

land, ASax. OFris. land, lend, OSax. Olcel. Goth. 
land, OHGerm. lant, land, ian<i ('iond;, Owi. 7092; Iw. 
1023; pr. cowsc. 1404; met. horn. 98; land, lond Ckauc. 
C. t. 194 & 2377; lond prompt, parv. 312; iTofA- 49; 
o. r. 208; oicl and nigkf. 997; Bob. Glouc. 472, 17; m. 
P.P. 251; Mand. 6; pat lond iaj. 74; la,a(ie (d ^t-) Percev. 
208; c. o/ I. 554; londe ifw, o. p. 1,936; comp ^. 6iland. 
londfolc La-T^. 30930; owl and nigkt. 1156. 
londtilie £03. 14850. 
londuvel a, r. 360. 


laodieii 347 

laiidieit, A8ax.\andia,a,land; londe „appello, applico", 
prompt, parv. 312; landed (part.) laumh. 231. 

lane, OFria. lane, lone, ODutch l&eu, lane, prompt. parv. 
286; Rich. 4373; pr. consc. 8919; lone Mor. a. p. 1, 1065; 
lanes (pi.) Wr. voc. 165; vis. P. F. 1314; Chauc. C. t. 

lang, ASax. OFrU. laog, long, OSaa:. lang, 0/crf. 
langr, OHGerm. langer, Goth, laggs, Lot. longus, long (lang), 
Orm. 15210; Ito. 1479; i. a. Weh. 55; pr. come. 632; 
long ia^, 6366; Kath. 518; owl and night. 755; WV. spec. 
35; o long i'm longum9 ant. Arth. XXXVII, 9; al longe 
niht La^. 23751; pene deei longe 5668; al pe longe yeer 
lAdg. m. p. 152; at pe ^^r longe owl andnight. 788; lange 
(adv) Orm. 1264; met. hem. 72; longe a. r. 268; Bek. 
10; Octav. 130; long (comp. adv.) owl and night. 42; Bek. 
161; i der no leng abide Trist. 3, 28; p4 lenge p^ more 
j1/w. 5^64; lenger (comp. adj.) pr. consc. 3932; no lenger 
(r. lengre) tale Chauc. C. t. 332; lengre (adv) Kaih. 810; 
a. r. 8; Orm. 13163; lengre ipolien ias- 471 ; lenger ffocct 
1,288; compos. an(d)lang. 
langmcd patient, pa. 102, 8. 

lang, for ilang? long: for al Cristene folkes hald ia 
lang o Cristes helpe Orm. 13377; long Chauc. C. L 12858; 
mi lif ia long on pe Wr. spec. 29. 

langien, ASa-x. langian, ODutch OHOerm. langen, 
long, prolongari: dffijea gimnen longen (longi) Laj. 30B27; 
longien jjom^ere, 30896; longie pertingere, Shoreh. 123; 
longen Chauc. C. t 2280; langen deaiderare, Orm. 19364; 
loDgin f,pertinere, desiderare^, prompt, parv. 312; longed 
(pres.) Kath. 1915; owl andnight. 888; longip Alis. 139; 
after him me langea full sore Isumb. 666; iongede (lan- 
gede) (pret) La^. 10124; Iongede Bek. 45; longed Mor. 
a. p. 1, 144 & 2, 1747; compos, a-, bi-, for-, oflangien. 

longunge, j^jSikc. langung, longing, a. r. 190; longinge 
Wr. spec 28; longing Gow. conf. am. 3, 309. 

lanke, ODutch lanke, OHGerm. lancha, lank (lonk), 
hip-joint: and leip is {his) leg o lonke Wr. p. s. 156, 

laplen (lape), ASax. lapian (?), ODutch lapen Maerl. 
rb. gloss., Fr. laper, lap, XaitTstv, vis. P. P. 13962; Mor. 
a. p. 2, 1434; lappin prompt, parv. 287; lappep (prcs.) 
Oow. conf. am. 3, 215; lapiden (pret) Wicl. gloss. 26. 

lappe, ASax. OFris. OHOerm. lappa, lap, aegmen, 

348 lappen 

lacinia, prompt, part). 387; £03. 30ii61*; Fum. p. XXI, 
29; vis. F. P. 11429; Ckaue. C. t 688; s. a. Wr. 1262; 
Dou ea left me n6 kppe ml Ugham td hele Hallito. diet. 505. 

lappen (kppin) lap, prompt, paw. 287; lappe Flor. 
113; lapped (pret) Gow. c&nf. am. 2, 268; Triam. 417; 
about pe schild he lappid it Tor. 557; lapped (part) 
pr. come. 523; lapped in cloutes cr. F. F. 872; ilappid 
Fum. p. I, 39; compos, bilappen. 

larder, OFr. lardier, lai^, Fum, p. XIII, 286; lar- 
dere (dat.) Bob. Br. 28, 14. 

lare, ASax. lAr, OSax. OHGerm. l&a, lore, doctrint, 
precept, Katk. 116; Orm. 5245; J/tn. 47; pr. ccnsc. 6469; 
Mar. mir. ^. 99; 14re, tore (lore) La^,. 693 & 6299 
lore (lire) a. r. 80; lore Shoreh. 59; CAaitc. C. t. 629 
Jtftw. a. p. 3, 1556; (loore) »w. F. F. 7978; Ure? £Ii. 
rtm. 2, 378; m. JrtA. F. 521. 
lirspel sermon, Xa5. 10162; Orm. 12686; lorspel rd. ant. 

1, 129. 

lordeu (printed -den) teanJier, rel. aiU. I, 130; lordewea 
(pi) 1, 129. 

l&re]>, ASax. Ifireop, (eacAer; lArepea (pi.) Orm. 7233. 

large, JV. large, large, a. r. 168. 

las, ASax. Ires, OSaa;. lea, (compar.) leaa, minus, Tritt 
3, 19; lea a. r. 30; p6 lea eo fMi'nwa, Bt>6. Gfowc. 26, 22; 
«7i«t. A<>ni. 19; n6 ])d lea ourZ and night. 374; lea „n«", ps. 

2, 12; leste (= lea pe) lest, La'^. 6642; fafA. 2386; 
a. r. 58; for drfide leste he wolde hire bite k. of T. 404; 
lasae, ASaw. Isessa, OFria. lesaa, miruir, La^. 7042; J^urn. 
p. VIII, 107; Orm. 7906; fVt'ci. John 3; & lasse bul Bob. 
Olouc. 204, 6; laaae (pi.) owl and night. 482; lasse and 
mire (more) ^iw. 68; m. JrtA. J*'. 687; lease a. r. 86; 
laaae minus, Katk. 1581; Ormi. 4896; via. F. P. 2976; 
lease a. r. 92 ; and god can more pane dan pe him jiTed 
lease Fum. p. VII I, 36; lest, ASax. Isest, l^sest, (auper- 
lat) least, minime, Mark. 13, 10; and leat it costep Gow. 
conf. am. 1, 158; er me lest wSne a. r. 178; Isste, OFris. 
leiata, mMii'mu«, Orm. 15277; leate Mand. 173; pe leeste 
man vis. F. F. 1403; at pe lesta Horn 612; at (et) te 
leste a. r. 164; c. 0/ I. 171. 

Ifte, Oi^r. lis, laca, lace. Alts. 7698; (laas) Chauc. 
C. t 394; 14z? a. r. 420*. 

lasche, mp. OHGerm. loscbe, Toorocco, HaUiv. diet. 506- 


lascfain, Fr. lacher? Ifiah, nverherwe", prompt, parv. 
288; lasched (pret) Mor. a. p. 2, 707i lashed Em. 298. 

laBse (nlasce") lass, met htym. 39. 

lassen lessen; lesBin prompt, parv. 298; laBse (prea.) 
rel artt. 2, 211 ; lassed Kath. 1718; Oow. conf. am. 3, 147; 
leeaith Wr. a. a. c. XLVl, 20; leased (pret.) ps. 88, 46; 
Ueased (part^ Shoreh. 127. 

last, OIceL lostr, from ASax. lean^ Goth, laian, OSax. 
OHQerm. lahan (vituperare), fatdt, La-^. 22974; 0/w. 
4522; laate (dta.) Wr.Bpec.37; lastes (pi.) Mor. a. p. 3,198. 
lasteles /oWt^fM, Kath. 105; Wr. scec. 52; leasldm Mark. 
12, 8. 

last, jISojc hlffist, OHGerm. (h)laBt, OFrio. hlest, fart, 
omts; lest prompt ^«ra. 299; last (jj/^) CAawa C t 14849; 
laate (daC) dep. of R. 29, 26. 

las ten (laste), Olcel. lasta, &2ame, a. r. 64*; pou lastest 
hSm re!. on<. 1, 243. 

lasten, A8ax. {ge)hltest&Ti, ODutchlaatea,last,onerare: 
pai . . . w£rn laste & lade Mor. a. p. 1, 1145. 

lat, ASaa:. Iffit, OpSaa:. kt, OIceL latr, G(Ak. late, 
OHGerm. lazer, !a(, fanJiw, Jfiw. a. p. 2, 1172; late, ASax. 
late, fodwj) late, tarde, La^. 3075; Ori». 753; owl and 
Ttight. 1145; vis. P. P. 1603; leate, lete (late) a. r. 240 
& 338; later (c{mip.) later, Fum. p. VIII, 67; latere hmer, 
La-r,. 8356; a. r. 86; latre Orm. 868; latste (swperl.) last, 
Orm. 15044; laate Kath. 585; a. r. 86; at pan laste Xoj. 
3765; at pe (te) laste Wr. (rmt 134; Ckauc. C. t. 709; 
s. a. Wr. 2672; latemiste id., La^. 11080*; pe lateme3t(e) 
dai rd. aonga V, 49. 

la ton, latun, lateun, OFr. laton, latten, brass, nourt- 
cAoicMn***, Wr. voc. 255; prompt, pare. 289; Gow. wm/", an*. 
1^ 221; cr. P. P. 389; CAawc. C. t 701; j)r. COTwa 4371. 

latt(e),jl-Saa:.lEetta Wr.voc2% ODirfcMatte, OHGerm. 
latta^ iat (lath), ^asaer", Wr. voc. 285; laththe, latthe 
prompt, parv. 288. 

Ua, J-Saar. Ud, OSaic. 1^3 {leth, 16d), Olcel. leidr, 
OHGerm. leider, loath, odioaus, Mark. 14, 14; (ISd?) ^. 
43; Ud, Ifed (lop) Xaj. 244 & 7321; l&p Orm. 4140; 
Iw. 135; Mxpes 360; 163 a. r. 168; loop uiis. P. P. 5268; 
ich vas him 16p otol and nigkt. 1086; be him 16p or leef 
Chauc. C. t. 1839; pe lope gost Fum. p. VIII, 135; pe 
l&pe Lazare Mar. mir. pi. 166; laipe (pL) met. kom. 51; 

350 l&I) 

oure laith(e) sinnes Mor. a. p. 3, 401; leide reL €tnt. 1, 
219; Aud. 31 ; lodre (comp.) a. r. 266; 16per Amis 2206; 
ladest (mptrl) Mark. 3, 19; (ms. Udest?) La^. 4573; 
16de8t o. r. 296; compos, ilftd. 

ladhc {WW. IMiic) loathly, gr. 42; 14dlich («w. I&dlrch) 
(loplich) La-^. 4573; l&dhch ('»w. lodllch) a. r. 118; «i. 
gcmgs V, 246; lopli prompt, parv. 314; a. a. TPr. 3207; 
jfor. 963; fW. lodli?) Jt/a^jea 339; ladiiche (pi.) Laz- 
lS84i Fum. p. VIII, Ul; lodliche f'nw. 16dllche) (adv.) 
c. of I. H36; ladluker (ms. Udluker) (comp.) La;!,. 15967; 
]opl6kest (superl.) Alia. 6312. 
Idpsum, OHGerm. leidsamer, loathsome, prompt, parv. 314. 

lap, ASax.\&A-, OffGerm. leid, loaih,karm, Orm. 11887; 
he ne wile us don non lod rd. ant 1, 218; 16j) ckron. 
Vilod. 92; Percev. 1935; avow. Artk. LVII, 3; lope (dot.) 
owl and night. 1144. 
lodleas a. r. 188, 

lape, Olcd. hiade, from laden, lathe, „horre«,m", Wr. 
voc. 204 J prompL parv. 33; Chauo. C. t. 4086; met. horn. 

ladien, ASax. ladian, Olcel. lada, GotA, lapon, OHGerm. 
ladon, ia(Ae, tMnifnre, La^. 6673; ladled (pres.) a. r. 144; 
lapez (imperat.) Mor. a. p. 2, 81 ; ladede (pret.) La^. 
14427; compos, iladien. 

ladunge (lapinge), ASax. ladung, lathiftg, invitalui, 
(ace.) La^. 5115. 

ia,dien, lopin, ASax. l&dian, Olcd. leida, OHGerm. 
leiden, loathe, f,obominari", prompt, parv. 316; lope Rob. 
Glouc. 32, 9; pat us 16pep pe lif vis. P. P. 309; lodie 
(pres. aubj.) a. r. 324; lopende (part) Wicl. gloss.; lodede 
(ms. leodede) (pret) ioj. 6096; compos, alftdien. 

lodnesae, O-HGei-iw. leidnissa, iootAmess, (ace) a. r. 310. 

I^dde, ASax. lieddu, abomination, hate, La^. 2326; 
a. r. 310*; Uppe Orm. 5451; in love and naujt i lope 
(Jor loppe?) Skoreh. 67; l^pe (for leppe?) met. horn. 81. 

Uve, ASax. W, OFria. l&va, Olcel. leif, OSax. ISva, Go(A. 
leiba, OHGerm. leiba, /rom liven, iaiie, rdiguum: nas per 
n4 mare ... to Uve Laj. 28583; loave (ace.) a. r. 168. 

lavei? ASax. laef(e)l, OHGerm. label, 6owf, feostn; Iffif- 
len f(fa(. pi.j La^. 22762. 

laven /awe, /ai/e: to lave & to kest(e) Mor. a. p. 154; 
pe d6u of grace upon me lave Wr. spec. 72. 


laven 351 

laven, Fr. laver? lave: helavede (waahathed) a. sweote 
La-T,. 7489; it lavede a bl6de rel. aid. 1, 144; laved 
(part.) washed, via. P. P. 8909. 

l&veroc, A'^ax. l^jjerce, ODwicA leeuwerke, OHGerm. 
l€rax;Iia, lavroc (learoc, lark), Wr. spec. 26; liverok Oow. 
conf. am. 2, 264; Chauc. r. r. 662. 

l&ye, ASax. hl4j>, hlsep, OHOerm. I1I60 pi. l^wa, law 
(loto), „tumulus", Orm. 9205; liLwe (daL ace.) Mor. a. p. 
2, 992; Immb. 392; lowe (dat. ace) Havel. 1291; Alis. 
4348 & 5364; rd. ant. \, 120; U heaus disc. 1000; Tor. 
1967; in pe liunes Ighe (for l&we denf) Kath. 1847. 

lax, ASax. leax, Olcel. lax, OHGerm. lahs, salmon, 
Havel. 754; Wr. p. «. 151; lex Pfr. voc. 90. 

lead, ^MicA Swed. lod (lood), Germ, lot, ietwi, plum- 
bum; lied (leod) ia^. 5692; Ui Wr. spec. 83; (leed) 
promp. parv. 292; ««. P. P. 3688; Jtfaut^. 75. 
leediD „pluTnbare", prompt, parv. 292. 
leaf, ASax. leaf, OiJwtcA loof, Oi^Wi. 14f, Olcel. lauf, 
OHGerm. laub, Go(A. laubs, iea/, JfarA. 1; 1^ Wr. treaL 
137; (leef) vis. P. P. 2054; CAawc. C. t. 3177; leaf (ISves) 
(>Z^ La^. 46; Isefes Orm. 13737. 

lefsal, Swed. lofsal, Han. lovaal, botuer, ant. Arih. VI, 5; 
WselMw.a.p. 3,448; (ISvesel) CAowc C. t. 4059; „lgve- 
cel umbracul'Um", prompt, parv. 300. 

lea^e? ASax. leah, ODvtck looge, OHGerm. louga, 
he; l^y(e), lie „lianvium", prompt, parv. 394; Ife, lie rrf. 
an& 1, 8 & 53. 

leak („lek, leek"), ASax. leac, ODvtch look, Oicei, 
lankr, OHGerm. louch, le^, j^orrum", Wr. voc. 264; 
prompt parv. 295; via. P. P. 2637; Chauc. C. t. 3877; 
compos, car-, g&r-, hem-, hoi-, hous-, Ipel-, schinlek (-lok). 
lean {„l»n"), ASax. lean, OSax. OHGerm. Ion, OFris. 
\ka, Olcel. Goth, laun, wages, La^,. 16691; Orm. 15J8; 
Ika Kath. 806; lien -Fwrn. p. F//7, 32. 

leap („leep"), ASax. leap, O^cei. laupr, Zeap, „sporta, 
corbis, nassa", prompt, parv. 296; Wicl. gloss.; 14pe f(/a(^ 
owi and night. 359; WV. a. a. c. LXIX, 9; Ifipes (pL) 
Bob. Glouc. 265, 9; (ISpus) .^wd. 81. 

leap („leep"), .i^Saa;. hleap, hi Jp, t>i>idcA loop, OHGerm. 
loTif, ieop (loup, lope), „8allua", promp:. parv. 297; lepe 
jifantf. 113; lupe (ieope) £33. 1928; lilpe (tia(^ Ftim. 
p. XV, 148; lope Hcdliw. diet. 529; lope (lop?) (ace) 


852 leapen 

Goto. conf. am. 1, 810; leapes (pi.) lAdg. m. p. 32; Ifipes 
a. r. 48; compos, overlop (-iBpe). 
IfipSSr ImfMjear, Wr. voc. 239; Wpeseer Mand. 77. 
?leapwmke, ASax. hleape-}>mce Wr. voe. 62 & 280, lap- 
wing, „upupa"; Ifip (lap?)-, leepwinke Wid. glon. 28; 
l&pwinke prompt, parv. 288; lappewlnke? Ooto. conf. am. 
2, 329. 

leapen, ABax. hleapan, OFris. hl&pa, ODutch loopeii, 
Olcel. hlaupa, OHQerm. hlaufan, loufan, leap (laup, lope), 
a. r. 106; Ifflpen Orm. 11792; Ifipen (leape) La^. 24697; 
Igpen via. P. P. 1344; 14pe 3fonrf. 113; CAowc. C. (. 4376; 
leapinde (pres. part.) Kath. 196; leop (pret) a. r. 62; 
Alia. 1076; fc. of T. 1065; leep wis. P. P. 1018; CAow. 
C. (. 2689; l^p Mor. a. p. 8, 179; a. s. Wr. 886; Perceo. 
479; leopen Lot,. 1886; l^pa Orfaw. 476; lopen via. P. P. 
691; (lapin) e. e. Wr. 2417; (lapon) Alis. 861; leope 
(«wij.^ a. r. 140; Iflpe (?«». 12037; lopen (pret. part) vit. 
P. P. 2868; 8. 8. Web. 739; Mor. a. p. 2, 990; compos. 

1 $ P a r e , .4iSaa;. hleapere, leaper, „cunor'', prompt, 
parv. 297. 

leas, ASax. leas, OFrit. liis, OSax. loa, OHQerm. 
loser, (?o(A. laus, O/cel. lausa, /a^e, wai'm, Mark. 16, 20; 
leea prompt, parv. 298; Chauc. r. r. 8; eri o^ T. 1086; 
ml lif was luper ant leea Wr. spec. 49 ; Ms Bob. Olouc- 
160, 9; Eich. 3230; Wr. p. s. 214; s. s. Wr. 2470; reL 
ant 1, 123; pi lease i^it Kath. 1010; lease ('pi^ Lai,. 751; 
i^wni. ^. F7//, 129; lease awefnes a. r. 268; Use wordes 
owl and night 756; leas (aubat) folium, a. r. 82; SJtoreh. 
Ill; ISs Zm?*;. St of Th. 1777; bliten I^e ioj. 28150; 
wipouten 158(e) Alia. 5790; Degrev. 1213; com7>cw, herd-, 
care-, ende-, fader-, help-, herte-, lak-, Uf-, m6dei>, rficlie-, 
rSd-, witleas. 

leasien, ASax. leasian, lie, meniiri. 

leasunge, ASax. leasung, leasing, „fnendaciwm*', a. r. 
82; leeainge prompt, parv. 298; losing owl and nighL&i6; 
Chauc. C. t. 12407; Octav. 1660; pr. conac. 4274; Aud. 
27; l^singe face) Xa^. 2969; via. P. P. 2113. 

leave (16ye), ASax. leaf, OSaa:. t(or)16f, OHGerm. 
(ur)loubi, ieawe, permisaw, „licenlia", prompt, parv. 800; 
leave (ace) La^. 4879; a. r. 66; Igfe Orm. 10229; Imani. 
142; 16ve vis. P. P. 12610; Tor. 440; ich . . . nime leve 

leave 368 

owl and night. 457; leeve Ckauc. C. t. 1219; live s. a. 

Wr. 1588; reb. Line. 6. 

ISfful rilicitua", wills and invent. 22; (l^M) prompt, pan, 

2fl3; Chauc. C. L 56i:i; apol. 71; leef-, 14veful Wid. 


leave, ASax. leafa, OSax. (gi)16bo, t{gi)16Y0, OHOerm. 
(gi)loubo, (be)lief, fides, Kalh. 386; Shoreh. 143; l€ve 
rei. ant. I, 131; iioi. Br. 247, 14; laefe Orm. 16809; 
compos, bi-, ileave. 

leaffui ^o(A. 1038; lefful at. gen. 3447. 
leaflic (nlevellk") credible, ps. 92, 5; compos, unlefllch. 

lea vie 11 (levi), OiyGcrm. louben (frondere), have leaves, 
FttJ-n. p. XV, 126. 

led en (ledden), ASax. Iffiden, leden, Ijdea, speech, Mor. 
a. p. 1, 877; Mar. mir. pi. 9; ledene (ace.) c. oj I: 32; 
(dot.) Marh. 23, 6; ledene, leodene a. r. 136 & 170; ledne 
(lidne) Chauc. C. t. 10749; lidin a. s. Wr. 3238. 
lee lea, cut (of yam), prompt, parv. 291. 
leg, Olcel. leggr (crwa), leg, „tibia^, prompt. pai'O. 293; 
Alis. 1808; iegge? facc^ Ociaw, 1274; legges (pi) La^. 
1876*; Wr. treat. 139; Wr. spec. 52; ■Ckauc. C. t. 3267. 
Iegge ledge, prompt, parv. 293, 

leggen, ^Saa:. lecgan, Oi/Germ. leggen, OSaar. leggian, 
Olcel. leggja, Ooth. lagjim, from lijen, lay, Kath. 773; 
a. r. 346; lessen Orm. 5097; Iegge Bek. 2278; ww. P. i^ 
949; Chauc. C. t. 3935; lein prompt, parv. 294; leye 
Mapes 341 ; and sai a. knight leyfje) him on wi|) 4 swerde 
scharpe and felle Egiam. 416; pu leiat (pres) Kath. 1895; 
(he) leid a. r. 288; (we) legged Fum. p. VIII, 159; pei 
leggip Alis. 6602; le^de (jwef^ Orm. 1334; leide £03. 
38; via. P. P. 4040; ?7or. 740; sche leide bur doime be 
pe childe Octav. 366: leiden Kath. 2252; lejd ('^'•(^ 
Orm. 3401; cowtpoa. a-, bi-, ileggen. 

lese, from li^en ? /aZfow, unploughed: mi lend leye lip 
Wr. p. ^. 152. 

(leije) lai ley (lay), novale, prompt, pare. .285; Tor. 
165; eryen hise leyes «w. P. P. 4474. 
? leilond prompt parv. 285*; Mar. mir. jil- 112. 

leje (lei^e), J5aa?. l^g, IJg, lig, OHOerm. long, /a7»e, 
Mapes 338; ISie i^wrji. p. fill, 140; rei. aowjs V, 236; 
leye wts. jP. P. 11783; lei ATatA. 1412; ligbe Alia. 3458j 
lie Brand. 23; 16ie (iiatj a. r. 202. 

.. Google 

354 %e 

Use (Ifishe), Olcd. leiga, Swed. Ifiga, Dan. Igie, hire, 
Orm. 6234. 
IS^heman Orm. 6222. 

l£;;en, ASaa;. l^gan, MHOerm. lougen, inflame; ilg^ed 
(port; fcL a»i(. 1, 266. 

lei, Ofr. lei? ley, law, Katk. 321; c. o/' i. 240; Isi 
Skorek. 122; t. o/ 2'. 383; Mar. mir. -pi, 201. 

l^in, OHGerm. lougen, concealment, Amad. Web. 5U; 
laine (dat.) m. AHk. F. 1964. 

Ifiinen (laine), ASax. ISgnian, Off G«f«. lougnan, Gott. 
laugnjan, Olsd. leyna ? iein (lain), conceal, Iw. 703 ; Percev. 
1940; wi. ^rtA. .F. 989; ISinea ("pres.^ a. r. 314*; lained 
(part.) Mor. a. p. 1, 244; laind pr. consc. 5993; compog. 

leir, ASax. leger, 08ax. OHOerm. legar, Olcd. legr, 
iai/er. Wart. hist. 3, 330; layere (dat.) Hallitc. diet. 503. 
leirstowe -tns- 22874. 

16it, j4Sar. 16get, IJget, flame, flash, Oow. conf. am. 
3, 94; Mand. 292; Wicl. gloss.; Ifiist £t)A. (?/omc. 308, 8: 
lijt? s. 3. Wr. 2243; leite (dat) iaj. 25599; a. r. 306; 
C'Aawc. C. t. Tyr. p. 169. 

Ifiiten, Goth, lauhatjan, OHGerm. lougezen, flatne, 
blase, flash, a. r. 202; leited (pres.) Mark. 13, 21; l^ite 
(svbj) Gow. conf. am. 3, 95: ISitede (pret) La-^. 18539; 
Kath. 671. 

161 i (lem?), cmp. ASax. liel ('ZiworJ, livid? wi|) l^li 
lire 7w. 2510. 

lenchen, ASax.^A&aca.n'i part, gehlenced (tortus) &l3n. 
lex. 492, MHGerm. lenken (flectere)? lenck, stoopt i len- 
cll(e) rel. ant. 2, 211. 

lende, ASax. Olcel. lend, ODutch lende, OHGerm. 
lenti, Zewrf, ioin, Orm. 4776; leende H'ic/. yioM. 26; „leend 
(lende) luTtihus", prompt, parv. 296; lend pr. consc. notes 
p. 267; lenden (pi) Mark. 18, 19; a. r. 280; Shoreh. 
44; lendea Orm. 3211; Chauc. 0. t. 3237. 
lendbon rel. otU. 1, 216. 

lenden, ASax. lendan, Olcd. lends, from land, arrive, 
irttM/, Orm. 2141; lende c. o/ i. 504; Iv. 1449; ffar(»A 
m. (. 8; m. Arth. F. 565 & 2473; Tor. 2600; in Acris 
guune pal lende laumb. 508; lende (pret) Degrev. 1560; 
lente m. ArA. F. 988; see landien. 
leuien (lenin, leininX ASax. hleonian, blinian, OSax. 


lenge 355 

hlinon, ODutch lenen, leinen, OHGerm. (h)lin6n, cmp. Or. 
xXcvscv, lean (line), prompt, parv. 295; lened (pres.) rel. 
ant. 1, 223; lenep lAdg. m. p. 29; leonie (mhj.) a. r. 142; 
lenand (part.) s. s. Wr. 2895; leonede (pj-et.) Z/03. 10776; 
leoned Fum. p. XXVI, 18; linede X 45; lenede vis. 
P. P. 17. 

lenge, ODutch lenge, Hnge, ling, luci-us marinus, prompt 
parv. 206. 

lenge (lenghe), ASax. lengu, OHQerm. lengi, length, 
rel. ant. 2, 281; Mor. a. p. 1, 416. 

lengen, ASax. lengan, OHGerm. lengen, OJcel. lengja, 
from, lang, prolong: pi lif lengen rel. ant. I, 185; lenge 
remain, via. P. P. 878; Mor. a. p. I, 261; m. AHk. F. 

3276; Amad. Robs. XXVIII, 5; linge Fum. p. XXVI, 4; 
lenges (prea.) Degrev. 1340; compos, ilengen. 

lengpe, ASax. Olcel. lengd, ODutch lengde, length, 
prompt, parv. 296; owl and night. 174; vis. P. P. 1060; 

on lengde at length, rel. ant. 1, 221; lenkpe s. s. Wr. 

2696; lenthe pr. eonac. 5899; leinpe chron. Engl. 26. 
lenten, ASax. lengten, lencten, cmp. OHQerm. lenzo, 

lent, via. P. P. 14045; met. horn. 122; leinten „i>er", Wr. 

voe. 90; La^- 30626; a. r. 70; leinte Rob. Glouc. 187, 8. 
leo, ASax. OHGerm. Lat.leOjlion, rel.ant. 1, 125; leo, 

U Orm. 5834 & 5978; leun a. r. 120; rel. ant. 1, 208; 

leones, leunes, Ifines (gen.) La^. 5827, 5838 & 6027; liunes 

Kath 1847. 

leo, leow, ASax. hleo, hIeo]>, OSoic. Weo (hha,), Olcel. 

hij-, hl^. Of MS. hli, MHGerm. lie? iee ("iewj, umbramlnm; 

lee dep.of R. 29; le ^m. 348; pr. come. pref. XII; leouwe 

(lelie) CdatJ? a. r. 368. 

leowstude „apricus locus", Wr. voc. 95. 

leod, leode, ASax. leod, OSajc. Hud, OHGerm lint, 

07ctf?. liodr, IJdr, people, nation; UA, leode, 16de Orm. 

7166, 7446 & 11313; leode3 (getr) Marh. 20, 8; pisses 

Ifides king La^. 9656; al pas leode (pl.f) 2054; on leodc 

(ms. leoden, the other text has in londe) I ; in 16de Octav. 

183; m. Arth. F. 653; an!. Artk. VII, 5; jWar. mtr. pi. 

1 63 ; Loth lengez in ^on leede Mor. a. p. 2, 772 ; inne foole 

leoden (dat. pi) Laz- S320; leode man, vis. P. P. 4912; 

lede Flor. 716; Oclav. 1459; ant. Arth. XXII, 6; IM 

Hartah. met. t. 278; lued Wr. p. a. 155; leode (pi) men, 

folha, Orm. 3237; nfire par nftne leode La^- 1118; wolde 


366 leodiBc 

ye, mi leode (IMen), lusten eure 16verde rel. ani. 1, l7l; 
his lond and hi^ leede Gam. 71; llpe Rob. Br. 79, 18; 
leodes Wr. p. ». 150; londes and Udes Hardw. poem 6i, 
2; pk leoden ioj. 1784; speken wid pon leoden (dai. pi.) 
5611; pgre leodene (<jen, pi.) king 892. 
leodking LaT,. 867. 
leodmn Lot,. 14540. 
leodscome £03. 26297. 
leodswike La3. 12960. 
leodpeaw £03. 2059. 

leodisc national, LaT,. 2\4:i; IMiach Mor. a. p. 2. 155(i. 

leof. ASax. leof, OSaa:. liof, OFris. liaf, Olcd. liufr, 
OHOerm. liuber, liober, Go(A. Hubs, i€pf f^ea/, lief), f-arus, 
LaZ;. 344; a. r. 250; -Befc 37; leof, W Orm. 733 & 2356; 
leof, lof owl and night. 230 & 1275; lef Wr, an. lil. 3; 
(printed lea) Ilartsk. m. t. 89; leef Chavc. C. t. 1839; 
leef or loop vis. P. P. 5268; (ISve) Eglam. 210; luef wi. 
an(. 1, 110; leof (mbst.) a. r. 380; W,-. spec. 92; hire 
leof Alis. 2906; 16f (leof) Kath. 786; leef ww. P. P. 94fi: 
mi sweete leef Chauc. C. t. 3790; Rimeniid pi luef Horn 
564; in his leoves heorte a. r. 400; enne leove mon 
(lemmon) La^. 4486; his leve mon Wr. an. lit. 12; leve 
(lieve) broper Chauc. C. t. 1138 & 6977; Ifife (^.) auA 
dfire jw. cOTMc. 2978; leovere (comp.J a. r. 230; levere 
(leovere) Kath. 2312; l^vre i^wm. p. VIIl, 15; Hvir 
Oc(re!). 1183; avow. Artk. XLIV, 14; it were me lever 
Chauc. G. f. 109B5; i hadde lever (Uvir) 10037; Tor. 
320; Mar. mir. pi. 126; leoyest (superl.) a. r. 242; his 
leofeste cnihtea iaj. 28419. 

leoflyc amiable, ias. 31787; spa leofllc and spa lufsum 
Hick. thes. I, 167; leofllch a. r. 90; lefhch Wr. spec. 52; 
luefli 31; hire l^flich(e) (leofliche) lich Kath. 1553; he 
lieom leofliche biheold ^03. 47 ; & leflls (affectionately) 
3h6 him fMde Orm. 3181; leoflukest (superl.) Marh. 4. 
leofmon amasius, amasia, La;^. 18611; a. r. 90; ISfmon 
(leove mon) Kath. 678; Igfmon Wr. an. lit. 11; lemman 
Chauc. C. t. 4238; Launf. 301; Mor. a. p. 1, 762; m. .irfi 
P. 586; lemmon Horn 550. 

Ie03en, ^Saa;. leogan, OSax. liogati, (J HGerm. liogaii, 
liugan, Olcel. liuga, Goth. Uugan, lie (lee), merttiri, F«>f. 
p. VIII, 146; Mjen rel. ant. f, 175; ie3hen Orm. 4907; 
Use Wr. spec 91; li3en (1630) La^. 3034; Use owi anif 


leeser 357 

night. 851; lien a. r. 6S; llin (li^in) prompt, parv. 304 
Ue Bek. 1183; ». s. Web. 2409; pou l^xt (pres.) Halliw 
diet. 517; lixt »(V. jP. p. 2797; lesect rei. a?rf. 1, 224 
le3l> 5AoceA. 100; liha a. r. 336; leighen Tmf. 3, 84 
lie Mand. 292; leh (pret.) La^. 12942; laeh Orm. 12178; 
leigh Amis 846; liou leighe via. P. P. 12893; lujen Xaj. 
15024; J-'mj-h. p. F//?, 81; loweii s. s. H^e6. 799; lowen 
(part.) via. P. P. 2661; compos, bi-, ileo^en. 

lee^er, jiSaar. leogere, Ziar, W id. gloss.; Ifiigher //oHiw. 
<ftc(. 512; liejer rel. songs VI, 7; lighei^ps, 115,11; Here 
/pom. 928; ^wd. 12. 

1 e o m e , AScuc. leoma, OSax. liomo, Olcel. liomi, Lot. 
liimen? lean, light, Kath. 1594; a. r. 94; Wr. treat. 133; 
leome (leom) La'^. 17873; leome, leom Orm. 658 & 7627; 
leme vis. P. P. 12324; leem „fiamma", prompt, parv. 
295; Ifim Alia. 6848; leomeii (leomes) (gen.) La-^. 17874; 
lemes (pi.) Ckauc. C. t. Tyr. 14936. 

leomieQ (l^min), ASax. leomiau, Olcel. lioma, leem, 
shine, njlammare", prompt, parv. 296; \eOTae3 (pres.) Mark. 
13, 20; lemep Ell. rom. 1, 269; Wr. spec. 25; Iflmes 52; 
ISniede (pret.) Launf. 942 ; lemed Mor. a. p. 1, 119; ISmid 
w. Artk. F. 3308. 

leor, ASaa;. 08ax. hleor, 0/ce^ hljr, ODutch Here, 
icci-, cAeeA, /oce, AfarA. 3, 4; Kath. 316; a. r. 64; Ifire 
(ler ?) ant. Arth. XIII, 6 ; liire (Iflr ?) HV. spec. 52 ; lere 
(rfai^ .d/w. 799; vis. P. P. 5598; Em. 294; Jtfor. a. jj. 1, 
398; 111. Artk. F. 3624; (ace) Octav. 40; leores (pi) La^. 
5076; Ifires Wr. spec. 26; Hardw. poem 27, 6; Ures 
Halliw. diet. 522. 

leoseii, .dSoa;, (be-, for)leosan, OSax. OHOerm. (tax)- 
leosan, liosan, Goth. (fra)liu8an, leeae, perdere, Kath. 805; 
a. r. 102; c. of I. 1177; leose BeA. 950; Wr. spec. Ill; 
lesen Bick. 3182; (l&in) prompt, parv. 298; l€se Ckauc. 
€. t. 1217; jw. eomsc. 2915; ami. Artk. XXII, 12; Use 
0. a. Wr. 899; i leese (lese) (pres) Wicl. John 6; Lidg. 
m. p. 189; pu lust BeJc. 859; he lest Qow. conf. am. 1, 
189; h4 leosed 3/arA. 14, 25; leaa (pret) a. r. 54; leas, 
Ises Aaj. 637 & 6931; lees via. P. P. 3479; s. a. Wr. 
3425; I^s Alia. 951; pou lore Hob. Glouc. 428, 10; loren 
Mis. 951; H>. p. a. 190; lore Shoreh. 18; lore (subj.) 
Fum. p. XVII, 477; loren (part.J Jl/apes334; lorn CAouc. 
C, (. 3536; s. a. Wr. 3065; Fercev. 159; lore, ilorn vis. 


358 leoten 

P. P. 12233 &. 12704; lore Hoad. I, 349; iloren Wr. 
spec. HO; c. of I. 204; Jc. of T. 563; ilore ttoh. Gloac 
160, 16; Lidg- m. p. 38; compos, a-, forleosen ; derw. leas, 
los, lor, lyro. 

leoten, ASax. hleotan, OSax. hiiotaii, Olcel. hliota, 
OHGerm. (li)liozaii, leet, sortiri; compos, ileoten ; dertr. lot. 

leod, ASax. leod, Olcd. liod, OHGerm. liod, leod, 
song, rel. avi. 1, 129; leode (dat.) La"^. 30064. 
leodscep Xttj. 30609. 

1 e V e , ODutch 16ve, OHGerm. liubi (ajwor^ ? ioye, L03. 

1 e o V i e a , ASax. leofiaii, OHOerm. liuban (amare, com- 
mendare)f love; leoyie (pres.) La'T,. 4656; leovede (pret.) 
4850; ileoved (part.) 4487. 

leowp, ASax. hleopd, hieod, lewth, „apricUas", Wr. 
HOC. 95; tvAela: we wullet gS,na leode La^, 5307; perheo 
leode (Hope) hafveden 12022. 

l§pe, jSweti. liipe (rc«*te(), /row* leapen? compos, chdselepe. 

l§pi, ASax. (&,n)lepig, l^^pig; compos. &iilepi. 

lernen, ASax.leoim&a, OHGerm. iemen, lirnen, OFris. 
lema, lima, learn, discere, rel. ant. 1, 109; lerne Hob. 
Qlouc. 100, ]0; vi?. P. P. 14339; Chauc. C. t. 310; Tor. 
2202; lernen, leornen Orm. 9309 & 13005; leornien (leorni) 
, iaj. 9897; leorni, lorni owl and night. 642 & 1210; 
leornen Kath. llO; lurnep (imper.) rel. ant. 1, 109; lernede 
(prdi.) Percev. 221; (docuit) vis. P. P. 4756; lernde Omu 
7248; leornede ia^. 6297; Kath. 833; a. r. 254; Jumede 
Fum. p. XVII, 300; compos, ilemen. 

lerning, ASax. leornung, teaming, Aud. 10. 
leorningcniht disciple, Orm. 2234. 

lese, OFr. lesse, lesche, It lassa, MLof. laxa, leask, 
Oetov. 767; leese Halliw. diet. 512; leece (lese) ^;ro«»/(f. 
\pam 291; leeshe Halliw. diet. 510. 

leae, ASax. lesni Isesu, iease (leasow), pascuum, Hob. 
Glouc. 43, 9; Brand. 7; ffoif. cow/, am. 1, 17; leswe a. !■■ 
94; loBwe, lesewe Wicl. gloss.; leaewes (pi.) Xa^. 2011* 

lesen (lese), ASax. OSax. OHOerm. lesan, Olcel. lesa, 
Goth, lisan, Zease, colligere, vis. P. P. 3928. 
■ 1 ^ s e n , ASax. ISsan, IJ-san, OFris. l^sa, 0/ce^ leysa, 
OSax. Idsian, OHGerm. losen, Go(A. lausjan, /row leas, 
release, deliver, Orm. pref, 63; karroio. 215; s(. jew. 2897; 
leosen (= losen?) £a{A. 1530; leses (pres.) met. Aom. 167; 

l^r S59 

lese fmbj.) avow. Artk. XXIII, 7; leopse (= louse, lose?) 
ftmper.) Mark. 14, 16; lesande (part.) Mor. a. p. I, 838; 
lesede (pret.) rel. songs V, 63; l^sed Ito. 2864; Ifised 
(part.) pr. consc. notes p. 267; compos, a-, up-, iltlssea. 

leser releaser. Wart. hist. 1, 24, 

Uske (leske?), Dan. l^ske, OSwed. liuske, ODutck liesche, 
leak (lisk), „inguen", prompt, pars. 298; Orm. 4776. 

lesnesae releasement, (ace.) rel, ant. 42; Usnisse Fum. 
p. XV, 75. 

lesson, Fr. le$on, lesson, pr. conac. 3857; lescuns (pL) 
a. r. 22. 

leswien, ASax. Isespian, pasture; leave (imper.) a. r. 
JOO; leaeweden (pret) Wid. gloss. 

lette, ODutch lette, MHQerm. letze? /i-om lat, H rc- 
tardaiio, impedimentum, La'T,. 4572*; Shorek. 71; Qow.conf. 
am. 2, 92; OAaitc. C. (. 8176; a. s. Wr. 2439; ont. Artk. 

in, 10. 

1 e 1 1 e n , ASax. lettan, OSax. lettian, Olcel. letja, 
OHGerm. lezzen, Ootk. latjan, let, retardare, Cmpedire, a. r. 
162; rel ant. 1, 131; flow. conf. am. 2, 72; lettin prompt. 
parv. 299; lette SAoreA, 69; via. P. P. 11524; Mand. 173; 
lette (pres^ £ranrf,27; lettep Orwj.14117; lettes j»-. cotmc. 
238; lette ('pret) Ghauc. C. t. 8265; laette Laj. 1344; 
compos, iletten. 

lettinge letting, impedimeTUwm, La'^. 7820; letting via. 
P. P. 6052. 

le[)e, ODvich lede (otiwn), leath, release, ease, Halliw. 
diet. 515; Mor. a. p. 3, 160; pr. cojisc. pref. X. 

1 e d e r , ASaa. leder, Olael. ledr, OHOerm. leder, leather, 
a. n324; lepir Ckauc. C. (. 3260; lepir, ledir (leir) ^wompt. 
parv. 293. 

iepern, leathern, vis. P. P. 2865. 

lepi, ODutck ledig, Oi'Vw. ledig, letlieg, MHGerm. 
ledec, ZiiAy, ^fUxibUis, (lenivs)'*, prcmiat parv. 302; his 
erelappes waxes letlii rel. ant I, 54; lepi (weak) mastes 
Hartsh. m. t. 129; jef eni I63 (printed bo^) per lepi 
(f printed lothy) (vom/J were Skorek. 156; a ful lepi (idle?) 
[ling it were wis. P. P. 5979. 

ledien, ASax. leodian, release,^ slacken, Katk. 1530; 
le[)e Mor. a. p. 'S, 3; Crist cwmaiided wind and s^ t6 lepe 
vut horn. 135; if he liim wold(e) leodien ofl^e his ben- 
den La^. 4776; lepes (pres.J ps. 88, 10*; leode (imper.) 


360 lederien 

Mark. 13, 2; leode flre benden Lctj. 21923; leodede fpref^ 
Marh. 13, 4; pat weder leodede £03. 12042; le|)ed liia 
soru iM°f. kom. 86. 

lederien, A8ax. ledrian, leiher (lather): he leperetle 
a swote ioj. 7489; liderede blode Marh. 5; Kath. 1554. 

level, ASax. laeflje)l, /«>ei, •prompt, parv. 301 ; nis. P. 1'. 

lev en, ^Shlc. lefan, Ijfan, Olcel. leyia ('iawrfflre, jwr- 
mtttere), OIIGerm. {er)Iotiban, Gotk. (u3)laubjan, yVww leave, 
alloic, permit; leve (prea. subj.) a. r. 88; c. 0/"/. 1523; 
Crist leve pat he so mote transact. 18, 25; Mfe tWi. 8873. 

ieven, ASax. I^fan, IJfan, OSaa;. (gi)l6bian, t(gi)IQvian, 
OHOerm. (gi)louban, Goth, laubjan, (bejlieoe, credere, Mark. 
5; rel. avi. 1, 131; harrow. 235; Wr. spec. 37; (leeven) 
c. ()/■/. 615; ho seal Ifiven mine godes Hide. ihes. 1, 
226; levin prompt, parv. 301; Igfen Orm. 1347; l^fe -Mor. 
■mir. pi. IIO; Idve ( pres.) Ckaue. C. 't 10079; (leove) 
Marg. 169; lefe lauml. 253; leeven vis. P. P. 10443; 
Mavd. 108; leve (sw6jj s. s. Wr. 1506; lefde fprei^ Kath. 
430; (16vede) .Eoi. fflowc. 265, 18; I4fdeii Marh. 2, 32; 
leeved (pari.) Hoccl. I, 220; compos, bi-, il^ven, 

16vene (levene?), for *l^mne, Gotk. lauhmuni? levin, 
njidgur^', prompt, parv. 301; Havel. 2690; Gow. conf. am. 
3, 77; St. gen. 3265; Rob. Br. 174; (levin) avow: Arth. 
LXV, 4; Town.my8t. 116; levene fiiaJ^ C^ouc. C. (. 5858. 

levenin fulgurare, prompt, parv. 304. 

Uv (lewe?), Olcel. hlier? OOmXcA laauw? lew (lue), 
tepidus, Hcdliw. diet. 517; Wid. gloss. 27; mi bodi wexit 
l^we rel. ant. 2, 211 ; Ifle I. c. c. 33; compos, chfike-, drun- 
ken-, purstl5w(e)? 

lie, ASax. OSax. lie, Olcel. lik, Gotk. leik, OHGem. 
lib, h'Ae (^lcA), corpus; lie, lieh Orm. 8183 & 16300; Iich 
i«3. 6682; ifarA. 5; st. gen. 2441; hire IMlch lieh KoXk. 
1553; liche n/Mnws", prompt, parv. 302; n'i. an(, 1, 178 
Alts. 3482; whan he lip a cold liche Fitm. p. V\ 48 
Uche (dot.) Bek. 259; wis. T'. P. 5599. 
lichame iody, ^ei. ant. 1, 128; fwrM. p. VIJI, 153; licbam 
a(. yen. 200; likame vis. P. P. 60; licam Atid. 17; Ijcome 
Kath. 215; o. r 4; rel. songs V, 23. 

llchamlich bodily ; licoraliehe (pt.) Katk. 42; a. r. 240; 
llchamliche (Wb^ reL ant. 1, 130. 
lichewake like-wake, Chauc. C. t. 2960. 


licour 361 

licour, Fr. liqueur, liquor, Shoreh. 8; Chauc. C. t. 3; 
pr. conac. 6763; licur a. r. 166. 

lid, ASax. Mid, Olcel \\M, OHGerm. lit, lid, jn-ompt. 
parv. 303; Furn. p. XVI, 168; CI. 272; wills and inoent. 
23; lides (j>0 rel. ant. 1, 209; compos, ^selid. 

lidcn, JljSfTic, hiidan, cover, close; MAes (pres.) a. r. 84*. 

lif, ASax. OSax. OFrU. Olcel lif, OHGerm, lib, ii/€, 
znta, corpus, Orm. 1625; owl and nif^ht. 1096; Aarroro. 179; 
Mand. 100; «. s. Wr. 2816; (liif) Wtc^. Jofin 3 ;• lif & 
leomen (lime) taj. 702; lif and soule vis. P. P. 7801 ; 
his doughter, pat leove lif Alts. 2502; lives (geti.) altvc, 
a. r. 390; rel. ant. 1, 235; vis. P. P. 13268; ah \i\x nfivre 
mon to gode lives ne deapes stal ne stode ov>l and nigkt. 
1630;- live (dat.) a. r. 152; on live alive, s. 's. Wr. 56; 
Degrev. 966; to bniige pe of live Horn 695; briuge fro 
live GkciKC. r. r. 7260; hi live quickly, La%. 4191; Kath. 
2311; s. a. Wr.- 2693; hi life Orm. 17943; be live Ind. 
Gov. 230; be life Flor. 1654. 

Mdas day of life; Ufdayes (pi.) vis. P. P. 512; pe wile 
pu art on lifdase (dat. pi.) owl and night. 1139; Ufdawe 
Furn. p. XIII, 93; ibroh.t of lifdawe Horn. 914. 
liflade livelode, course or mode of life, Mark. 20; liflode 
a. r. 350; rel. ant. 1, 129; Mand. 293; vis. P. P. 59. 
lifleas lifeleas, Kath. 896. 

lifhch lively, transact. 18, 25; liifliche (pi.) bodily, Trist. 
3, 50; Mi (adv.) Chauc. C. t. 2089. 
liftime rel. ant. 1, 224. 

lift, ODutch lucht, left, sinister, Rob. Glouc. 22, 17 
Mand. 31; lift, leoft, luft Lai,. 15263, 24461 & 28047 
left promin. parv. 293 ; wis. P. P. 888; Chauc. C. t. 2955 
on his lifte half rel. ant 1, 131; over her lifte schulder 
Mor. a. p. 2, 981. 

liggen, ASaa-. licgan, OSax. Uggen (liggean), Olcel. 
liggja, OB'ris. lidza, lie (Ug), jacere, La^. 1437; Kath. 
2286; a. r. 4; (liggin) promp,. parv. 304; Ugge oiol and 
night. 1198; via. P. P. 7411; Mand. 240; Hardw. poem 
70, 8; pr. consc. 475; s. s. Wr. 144; ligges (pres.) Percev. 
797; 3e hggen digged) Kath. 2389; (heo) ligged a. r. 
316; owl and night. 1046; ligges met. horn. 29; ligge ("cKijV 
«. r. 424; Shoreh. 30; ligginde fpa»-t^ 122; liggende 
Cow. COTi/". am. 1, 187; ligging Cho:"-, 0. t. 2393; compos. 


362 li^en 

lisen, OHGerm. ligen, Goth. Hgaii, lie, jacere, ret. ant. 
I, 177; iise Mand. 27G; lien Mapes 335; (line) lud. Cov. 
227; Min 2>rompt. pare. 304; lln Orm. (>(J20 ; He CAohc. 
a t. 3651; li3p (lip) (prea.) c. of I. 775; lil) Orm. 123S; 
Wr. p. 3. 152; lijand, Hand ffi/f, gloss.; laj, ^Soir. lag, 
'OSnx. OHOerm. Qoth. lag, 0/crf. 14, (prtt.) lay, Orm 
3692; lai Beh 892; I'M. P. P. 2601; Isei, lei iaj. 393 
& 1218; lei a. r. 54; l^sen las. 1657; Ifiisen Wr. p. s. 
190; 16ien o. r. 106; leye Bek. 2357; leyen (part) vit. 
P. P. 1432; Rick. 2477; leieii WV. a». lit. 11; lein Jtfanrf. 
286; lien s. s. Wr. 496; compos, a-, at-, bi-, for-, ili^on; 
deriv. la^e, leggeii, leir. 

lihnen, from ASax. lean, OSoa;. laban (vituperare, 
reprehendere)f hlame, reprehend? (^contradict" White) to 
lihoen pat loerede folc Orm. 7440; to lilinen pejre spteche 

l!ht (liht?), ASax. liht, leolit, OFris. licht, OHGerm. 
lichter, ODutck licht, leicht, Goth, leihts, O/oci. lettr, light, 
levis, a. r. 220; Orm. 4500; (r. w. riht) Wr. spec. 102; 
liht (ll^t) c. of I. 958; light Go?r. conf. am. 2, 95; ne 
luvede hi nftne lilite plahen Katk. 106; lijte (ady^ Jit»i. 
Glouc. 25, 3; Ilhture (comp^ a. r. 140; lighter uw. P. P. 

lihtllch lightly, owl and nigM. 1757; lihthche (adv.) a. r. 
392; Usttiche Bob. Glmc. 79, 2; llghtliche vis. P. P. 
12617; lihtllke Orm. 6487; lihtluker fcomp^ a. r. 254; 
llStloker Rob. Glmc. 214, 22 ; Mor. a. p. 3, 47 ; lightloker 
vis. P. P. 7737. 

lihtsum lightsome, „facilis", prompt, paro. 304; lightsom 
Chauc. r. r. 936. 

liht (liht?), ASax. leoht, IJht, OSaar. OHGerm. lioht, 
leoh^ OP^w, liacht, Goth, liuhap? lnjht,lusr, Fum.p. VllI, 
141 ; Kalh. 1594; Orm. 1918; (r. w. \)riht) owi and night. 
947; (»■. w. iiiht) rel. songs V, 204; liht (licht) a. r. 92; 
liht (ll3t) c, q/ Z. 723; li^t (r. w. rist) Wr. treat. 132; 
lltt iTiCifc. thes. 1, 227; lihtes (jrew^ reL ant. 1, 132. 
liStbereV ludfer, ayenb. 10. 
lihtfat iamp, Orm. 13399. 

liht (liht?), ^Soa;. leoht, IJht, OSax. lioht, OHGenn. 
liohter, light, luddus, La^. 7238; lijt (r. ?f. rist) owi and 
night. 230; (r. «>. nist) Wr. treat. 134; a. s. Wr. 2037; 
pe Uhte dai Horn 497; lighte brenne Chauc. C. t 6724. 


llhte 363 

lihte (lihte?) liffkt (leet), lung, (pi.) La^. 6499; llght«8 
Trist. ], 46; (cmp. Russ. jernoe pulino, JierKifi levia^ 

lihten (lihten?), ASax. lihten, OHGerm. (gi)lihten, 
Olcel. 16tta, light, levare, gr. 41 ; ^e schulen beon idodded 
four siden i de jfire vor to lihten ower heaved a. r. 422; 
hwat god [»erof muhte lihten 96; a dfln heo gunnen lihten 
Lot,. 26337; t6 listen hdr on erde rel. ant. 1, 209; lightin 
prompt, parv. 304; lighte Ooio. con}, am. 2, 371; lihtefl 
(pres.) Kath. 1791; ligMep (delivers) h^m of children cr. 
P. P. 158; lijten liim of his birdene rel. ant. 1, 217; 
lihte (pret.) harrow. 31; he lighte a doun vis. P. P. 11498; 
lighted (part) Mand. 71; liht Wr. spec. 37; light 2W«. 
myst. 107; compos, a-, ilihten. 

lihten (lihten?), JSaa:. leohtan, IJhtan, OHGerm. liuh- 
ten, Goth, liuhtjan, light, lucere, illitminare, Kath. 14il; 
Oi-m. 19084; liste (r. w. rihte) Bek. 1415; Itghte i'hauc. 
0. (. 2428; llhtep (pres) c. of I. 718; light (imper) mia 
eghen ps. 12, 4; lihte (pret.) La-T^. 25595; liste Furn. p. 
XIII, 121; lait (for leit) s. s. Wr. 2234; compos, allhten. 
Hating, ASax. IJhting, illuminatio, fulgur, Wicl. gloss. 
27; lijtinge Wr. treat. 135. 

liStnen lighten, illuminare, fulg^e, Wicl. gloss. 27; 
lightenin prompt, pare. 304. 

lightnes lightness, levity, Chauc. C. t. 3383; pr. coiisc. 

lightning lightning, fvlqur, Tor. 1512; litening s. a. 
c. XIV, 22. 

Itk, ODutch Hk, Olcel. likr, /or ilfk, like, similis, Mand. 
47; Chauc. C. t. 414; (liik) Wicl. John 7; Itc Orm. 256U; 
rel. atU. 1, 227; s(. gen. 223; Uk, Itch vis. P. P. 5165 
& 5280; Itich. 5498 & 5900; Itche s. e. Wr. 2991; (pi.) 
Hardw. poem 66, 1 1 ; compos, aer-, aje-, aht-, An-, arm-, 
atel-, bald-, biter-, blfde-, brdd-, breme-, briht-, cM-, elfin-, 
crafti-, cume-, cunde-, cud-, deop-, deor-, derne-, dreori-, 
eadi-, eade-, eche-, efen-, e^es-, fast-, feond-, fer-, flsesch-, 
freo-, freond-, ful-, ful-, gll-, gAst-, glad-, god-, grame-, 
great-, grede-, grim-, grls-, garner-, jeap-, ^fir-, ^erne-, 
sung-, hsejje-, hkl-, hS.Tn-, hard-, hasti-, hfih, help-, hende-, 
her-, herte-, heveu-, hoker-, huht-, hwat-, hwu-, i-, in-j 
inner-, ken-, kine-, lase-, Iftd-, leaf-, leof-, Itcham-, llf-, 
liht-i man-, mis-, modi-, name-, naru-, open-, perte-, pliht-, 
prflt-, r4d-, redi-, r€h-, rfiu-, riche-, rum-, sad-, s4r-, schame-. 


384 like 

scband-, scbort-, sehe(n)-, sel((l)-, sfim-, siker-, sinerte-, 
snel-, sod-, spfid-, stark-, steru-, sKf-, stil-, Strang-, sun- 
der-, swete-, swikel-, s wider, swu-, ttd-, ttme-, treow-, 
pew-, [)ri^, |)u-, pulde-, At-, wik-, w&n-, war-, wereld-, 
wtf-, wiht-, wis-, wod-, wrAd-, wrecche-, wun-, wunder-, 
wurdllc (-Irch). 
likli likehi, Chauc. C. t. 1174; Hoccl. 1, 74. 

I!ke, /or iltke, like, Orm. 5813; Goto. conf. am. 1,143; 
Itke, Itche a. r. 224 & 2«2; Hche Shoreh. 20; h wifmonues 
liolie La.^. 1142; compos, maiillche. 

Hcwurde, ASaa-. Itcpyrde, acceptable, a. r. 120. 
Ifcpurpis id., Orm. ]:i919. 

itkien, AS'ix. llciaa, Olcel. lika, OSax. licon, Giah. 
leikan, OHOerm. Itcheu, like, placere, rel. anL I, 171; 
.Itkin „dekctiri'*, prompt, parv. 304: Itkva a. r. 938; & tet 
<~ pe it) maj ille Itken Orm. 18279; Ukep (pres.) HV. 
(ren(. 140; Chmic C. t. 77!>; him likep Mand. 209; me 
Itkep wel youre wordes vin. P. P. 546; likes pr. cowsc. 
7851 ; Ifkede (prel.) c. of I. 214; bit pe likcde wel taj. 
8746; cOTwpoa. misllkien. 

Itkunge liking, (dot) a r. 344; liking pr. consc. 292; 
Itkinge (dat.) vis. P. P. 6S12. 

Itkiiin, Swed. likna, /or ilikneii, OlIQerm. giltchinon, 
l^en, ^.aimilare", prompt, parv. SOfi; Itkne Mand. 48; 
liknez (prea.) Mor. a. p. 1, 499; likued (part) Chauc. 
('. t. 180; pe water is likiied to pe world vis. P. P. 4976; 
ilikned Skoreh. 68. 

likness (licness ?),/«• ilikness, likeness, Orm. 686; lud. 
Cov. 35; llknesse (dat.) vis. P. P. 686. 

likkii), ASax. liccian, OSax. licoon, leccon, OHGemi. 
leci'ltoti, lidc, „lingere'*, prompt, parv. 306; licke ps. 71, 9; 
poll lickc-st fpres) Wr. an. lit. 90; lickede (pret.) Fum. 
p. XVllI, 69; likked Ja>.2008; Mor. a. p. 2, 1521; licked 
(part.) rel. ant. 1, 114. 

lilie, ASax. lilie, OHOerm. lilia, lily, tml and night. 
439; Wr. spec. 33; (Jhauc. C. t. 2180; 'lili prompt, parv. 

lira, ASax. lim, leom, Olcel. limr, limb, prompt, parv. 
305; a. r. 360; Tor. 2498; pr. consc. 1912; i/occi. 1, 31; 
lim and lip Hartah. m. t. 80; lim, lime L03. 3011 & 4227; 
lime Wr. treat. 137; SAoreA. 23; vis. P. P. 14314; wip 

lim 365 

lime and li[)(e) Mapes 335; lime (pl.f) owl and night. 
HI9li; limes a. r. 298; Orm. 4005; rel. ant. 1, 210; Wr. 
treat. 138; limes, lemes Ckavc. C. t. 9332 & 9339; lemes 
Mand. 159; limeo (leomen) Kath. 252; leomen (lime) 
Laz. 702. 

timmele Umhmeal, La;^. 25618; lim-, lememSle Wid. gloss. 
26; todrawe iimemgle Bek. 1813. 

lim, ASax. OJcel. OIlGtrm. lim, lime, gluten, „viacua, 
cdx", prompt, pare. 305; La;^. 15466; a. r. 220; Alii. 
420; Chauc. C. t. 12734; lim & staii Orm. 16285; lime 
(dat.) Fum. p. II, 91. 

liinjerde prompt, parv. 3(>5 ; limyerde (dot.) ci: P. P. 1 123. 
limrBd, ODutck lijmroede, MHGerm. limruoto, Gkauc. C. U 
Tyr. 14694. 
limtwig Lidg. m. p. 189. 

limin, ASasc. liman, MHGerm. limen, lime, gluiinare, 
prompt, pare. 305; lime Chauc. Troil. 353; limed (pres.) 
Kath. 1792; ilimed (part.) a. r. 226. 

limpen, /liS'o.r. limpaii, OHGerm. limfan, fall, come; 
limped (prea.) Kath. 471; to fiiper limped hia dole a. i: 
Jl); limpes Mor. a. p. 3, 174; him limpus [le wura ant. 
Arih. XLVIII, 4; as hit lomp (pret.J Mark. 4, lO; com- 
pos, bi-, ilimpen, 

lin, OHGerm. lun (paxillus, obex)f 
linpiii lin-pin, Wr. voc. 202. 

lin, ASacs. OSax. Olcel. OHGerm. lin, Goth, lain, Lat. 
Hnum, Gr. Xivov, line, „linum", rel. ant. 1, 7; fl, clotli of 
line I. c. c. 30; here amok of line «. s. Web. 474; lufsum 
under Itne Trist. 3, 47. 
linclath rel. ant. 1, 53. 

linde, ASax. Olcel. lind, OHGerm. linda, /inci, „tilia", 
prompt, parv. 305; H'r, hoc. 228; Chauc. C. t. 2924; sa- 
cram. 389; fdotj .diis. 2489; Qow. conf. am. 1, 119: ' 
P. P. 769; Triam. 426. 

linden, ASax. linden, linden: linden spfln Trist. 2, 84, 

line, ASax. line, Olcel. OHGerm. Una, line, „chorda, 
funicvlvs", prompt, parv. 305; lines (pi.) vis. P. P. 3183. 

linen (linin), ASax. linen, OFris. linnen, OHGerm. 
lininer, linen, „lineus*', prompt, parv. 306; & linen cloth 
rel, ant. 1, 1C3; no linene clod a. r. 418; linnen «w. P. P. 
9021; linnene clop (ace.) otcl and night. 1172; mid linnene 
clUe L03. 22290; linnen (sulst.) via. P. P. 465. 


366 Unjn 

llnin, from Un, line, „duplicare", prompt, parv. SOS; 
lined (■part.) Chauc. C. t. 442. 

ling, Olcel. lyng, Itjig, erica, prompt, parv. 305; Hartsh. 
m. f. 189; Degrev. 336. 

link (linke?) link, sausage, prompt, pare. 306, 

linken link; linked (part.) fJdg. st. of Th. 1744. 

linnen (linne), ASacc. linnan, Olcel. Mnaa. (?), .Ooth. 
(af)]innan, OHGerm. (bi)linnan, lin, cease, Wr. spec. 103; 
iinned (pres.) Katk. 1717*; Ian (prel.) Trist. 1, 4; ema- 
pos. bilinnen. 

lins, ASax. lynis (axis)? Dutch luns, Germ, liins (da- 
ws rotae- praefixua) f linck-pinf linses (pL) Skoreh. 109. 

lint, Dutch lint? Lot. linteum? lint, prompt, parv. 30G, 

lippe, Afiax. lippe, OFm. lippa, lip, „labntm'^, prompt. 
parv. 306; Alis. 6429; biting on mi lippe Gow. conf. am. 
I, 283 ; lippes (pi.) La;^. 29359 ; lippen a. r. ] 06 ; Skoreh. 82. 

lire, ASax. lira, lire, fe^h, a. r. 130; li beam disc. 
1325; /sitrnfe. 262; boon ne lire Octov. 1119; lif and lire 
Mar. 9i: leere Chauc. C. t 15265; cimipos. sperllre. 

liri (or liri)? leide hir legges a liri vis. P. P. 4040; 
a liri, o leri HalUw. diet. 43. 

lirken, Olcel. lerka, lirk, pvU: i lirke him up with 
mi bond Halliw. diet. 523. 

lispin, MHGerm. listen, lisp, prompt, parv. 306; lis- 
pede (lipsede) (pret) Chauc. C. t. 266. 

lisse, ASax. lias, lids, from Ude, mitigation, relief, ease, 
£^13.3261; Fum.p. FJZZ,119; c. of I 757; Wr.spedl; 
vis. P. P. 5211; Chauc. C. t. 11550. 

lissien (lissen, lisse), ASax. lissian, Itdsian, mitigate, 
soothe, relieve. Will, gloss.; Gow. conf. am. 3, 82; Chauc. 
r. r. 4128. 

liste, ASax. OSax. Olcel. OHGerm. list, art, La-7,. 
17210; a. r. 220; owl and night. 757; s. s. Web. 2046; 
luste (Hate) Kath. 1627; liste fiat) Skoreh. 24; ]istea(pl) 
Horn 239. 
listeliche artfully, rel. ant. 1, 188. 

liste {liiste)j ASax-. list, Olcel OHGerm. lista, liiA, 
„forago'^, prompt, parv. 307 ; vis. P. P. 3538; Chatic. 0. t. 

lit, Olcel. litr, colour, Wr. spec. 36. 

lite, Olcel IJti (vitium)? deceit? Town. myst. 71; 
wipouten lite Iw. 1142; wip lite 1620. 


litin 367 

litin, Olcel. lita, lit, ntingere", prompt. pan>. 308; lited 
(pre't.) a. r. 268 ; lited (pari) ps. 67, 24 ; ilitet Kaih. 1432. 
Htnen (litnen?), from Olcel. lita (sptcere)? look? pa 
jiat Htnen to pin fode Or-m. 6115. 

litster lister, „tinctor", Wr. voc. 212; listare prompt. 
parv. 307. 

Hd^ ASax. lid, leodu, OSax. lid (lid), lido (litho), 
OHGerm. lid, lido, Oicei. lidr, Goth, lipus, iitt (^ieaiA), 
arttis, Tnemhrtim, rel. ant. 1, 223; (lip) Gow. con/, am. 1, 
99; Chauc. 0. t. Tyr.HmX; Hartsk.m. I. 80; Tor. 2498; 
Triam,. 467; ^a cojmc. Iftl7; (lithe) prompt, parv. 303; 
lides- Cpl.J a. r. 262; (lipes) Havel. 2163. 
leodebeie J/«rA. 16. 
leopewok leath-wa&e, rel. ant. 2, 229, 
lipewurt ^^ve", rel. ant. I, 37. 

lid, Olcel. lid (ordo, eoetus, auxilium)? help? nes per 
■akn Oder lid Laj. 5213; lipe Navel. 1338; (")%, corpo- 
ration? pre leodes in oon lip via. P. P. 11170. 

lid, ASax. Olcel. hlid, Or. xkhoi? dope: jeond wudes 
& jeond liden Lar,. 32219. 

lide, ASax. lide, OSaar. Itdi, lithi, OHGerm. Under, 
f?2cei. linr, lithe, mild, soft, calm, a. r. 428; lide him beo 
(Irihten La^. 4; lipe Orm. 1307; s. s. Wei. 2517; C^awc. 
b. f. US; £m. 833; BtcA. 4869; pa. 106, 29; /aMm6.494; 
lipe (lithe), liye „lenis, mollis, tranquillus*', prompt, parv. 
310; Upe (adv.) Triam. 417. 
lideliehe mildly, a. r. 428. 

Itde, ASax. lida, mild morOhf efterfe) l!a(e) July, 
Mark. 23. 

Uden, ASax. Man, OSax. lidan, lithan, Olcel. Itda 
(ferri), Goth. (ga)Ieipan, OHGerm. lidan (ferre), go, fei-ri, 
ta^. 27; (lipen) Orm. 3374; ]M (pret.) La^. 4880; liden 
(part.) 5783; compos, illden. 

Itpen (lipe), 0/cei. hljda, fiV^e, fisieM, Alis. 5751; y*s. 
P. P. 5030; Rob. Br. 93, 5; ror.337; Octav.^; m. Artk. 
F. 676; Amad. Robs. XXIII, 9; Aud. 66; lipe (ititper) 
ps. 30, 3. 

Hdereii, yVom lidere (ludere)? leather, smite? lidere 
(imper.) to him a. r. 290. 

lidien (lipe), ASax. Itdegian? OHGerm. lindian, lithe, 
soothe, soften, lenire, mitigare. Mis. 433; Chauc. Trail. 
5423; Mor. a. p. 1, 357; llpep oure pine Shoreh. 19. 


^68 lire 

live, ASate. (and-, bi)leafa, cmp. OHGerm. (bi)Iibi, 
vicitts; compos, bilive. 

live? cmp. ASaa-. langUfe (?), OHOerm. langUber 
iivehcb livdy, a. r. G, 

liven, ASax. iifan, OFria. (bi)liva. OSax. OHGerm. 
(bi)liban, Gr. Xsfitsiv, Unquere; compoi. billven; derivAkye. 

livened, Orcel. lifnadr (vita)f food, victua, a. r. 104; 
liveiiode rel. ant. I, 214. 

liver, ASax. lifer, Olcel. Uir, OFris. livere, OHGerm. 
libara, lebara, liver, jecur, Gow, conf. am. 3, 100; livir 
(levir) prompt, paro. 309; livre rel. songs V, 172; HV. 
ti-eat. 139; levir lud. Gov. I8J; livere {nvre) (ace.) La^. 
livirwort liver-wort, prompt, parv. 

livien, leovien, luvien, libben, ASax. li£an, leofian, 
lyfian, libban, OSax. libbien (libbean), OFrU. iibba, Olcd. 
lifa p>-et. lifda, Got/i. liban pret. Libaida, OHGerm. lebeii 
pret. lebeta, live, La^. 6902, 6904, 18049 & 27779; liven, 
libbe vis. P. P. 314 & 1812; livfin Afand. 24; live Chanc. 
C. t. 508; life pr. consc. 1869; leve Skoreh. 2; s. s. Wr. 
534; s. a. c. II, 11; libben Katk. 1901; a. r. 38; Oi-m. 
372; libbe Shoreh.70; Alis.79Sa; s. s. Ife&.287; karrotc. 
247; life (pres.) Amad. Kobs. LIII, 11; libbe Wr. fpec. 
27; life[» Orm. 2698; lived KarA. 5, 1 ; <t. r. 352; levi|i 
Eglam. 120; heo livied a. r. 310; we Hbbed 360; (beo) 
libbed Mark. 10, 4; owl and night. 1010; livieilde (part.) 
La-^. 27213; Kat}t. 1227; liveand ps. 38, 6; levand Tor. 
315; libbinde a. r. 350; livede, leovede (pret.) La^. 355 
& 15074; liveden vis. P. P. 52. 

Itviscb liviab, living: n&u liHshe man 0}-m. 2463. 

lobbe, ODutch lobbe, LGerm. lobbe Schamt.wb., iubbe 
£r. w6., iofc. 
lobbeksling mrt. Aom. 136. 

iobi = lobbe, or i diminutive? looby (lubby), dep. of 
K 14, 1 ; lobiea (pi) vis. P. P. 109. 

lof, ASax. OSax. Olcel. M, OHGerm. loh, praise, laus, 
Lot,. 8376; a. r. 104; Orm. 3379; ps. 8, 3. 
loflik nlaudahilis" , ps. 95, 4. 

lofaang Oi-m. 18025; lofsoDg (ms. lof song) /AWi:. thes. 1, 
167; c. o/ I. 29. 

lof, Swed 16f, ODvttsk loef, ioo^ f^«^; beo scuven ut 


logge 369 

heore lof inj. 7859; he went fene lof a. r. 104; lier loof 
and her windaa Rich. 71 ; heo weiiden heore Iftfea & liden 

toward londe La^. 2094H. 

logge, Fi: loge, Ital. loggia, lodge, prompt, parv. 311; 
li beaug disc. 650; Mor. a. p. 3, 457. 

loggen (loggin), Fr. loger, lodge, prompt, pare. 311 ; 
Mandf. 1 93 ; Inggede (pret.) a. r. 264 ; logged (part.) 
Chauc. 0. t. Tijr. 15004. 

1 03, ASax. luh? Oad. loch, lovgh, lake, Mor. a. p. 
2, 441; louh Hob. Jir. M. 3, 304; loghe (dat.) ant. Arth. 
VII, 5. 

I03, ASax. Iflh, OFri». loch dot. loge ('(oc«aJ, ODutch 
\m^(pagus), OHOej-m. luog (apeais, cubUe), place, Skoreh. 
145 & 157. 

loje (lo3he), OFWa, loga, 0/ceZ. logi, MHGerm. lohe, 
iojo, ^.Jlamma", Orm. 16185; lohe a. r. 356'; Xqv^ prompt, 
parv. 314; a*, gen. 043; 7ip. 343; jjr. covac. 9431. 

loje mendax; compos, warlowe. 

lojen (lowin), 01M.\o%&, MJiGerm. Xoimn, low, ,.fiam- 
•mre", prompt, parv. 315; lowinge (pa>-t) Degrev. 1436, 

loine, OFr. logne, see Dies tab. 671), loin, „lvmhia", 
prompt, parv. 312; H'r, p. a. 191. 

loitren (loitron), Oi)w(cA leutereii, loteren.Zoiier.pronip*. 
;>arB. 311; loitrande (? ^loltrande") Mor. a. p. 3, 458. , 

lok, ASax. loc, OFris. lok, Oicci. Ink (operculum, con- 
clusto), UHGerm. (bi)loh, from lOken, lode, ,.sera", prompt. 
parv. 311; vis.' P. P. 864; Mand. 179; loke (dat.) owl 
and night. 1555. 
toksmith prompt, parv. 311. 

lok, ASax. locc (loc), OJcel. lokkr, ODutch locke 
(cirrus, fioccus), OHOerm. locch, lock, /oci, ,.cincinnus, 
fioccus" : lok of hdre, of hei, of wulle prompt, parv. 3 U ; 
lockes (pi) La-7,. 21875; Wr. spec. 34; lokkes J/w. 4164; 
CAawc. a t. 81. 

loke, ./ISarr. loca (clattsirum, clansvra), ODntck loke 
(sepimeiitum), Olcel. loka („stang, Inage") Fritzners ordb., 
lock, „valva", prompt, parv. 311; loke (ace) clavsti-um, 
Shoreh. 79; per weoreii in fine loken fif hundred giten 
La'^. 21309; heo unhunde [>k locun (pi) 5926; loken 
Shoreh. 79. 

loke (16k?) loolc. „visvs", prompt, para. 311; look 
Chauc. C. t. 3342. 


lobien (loke), ODutch loken, Olcel. loka, lock, „ohse- 
rare". Alls. 3936; lud. Gov. 341; lokkin jyrompt. parv. 
3U; lokke Ckauc. C. t. 5899; lokede (pt-et.) Skoreh.i^; 
lokid s. s. HV. 1222; m. Arth. ?. 2020; iloked (nilokked") 
(fart) Hand. 265. 

lokien, ASax. locian, ODutch loken, look, provide, 
guard, heed, La^- 24295; lokie Brand. 9; lokin Mark. 
4, 33; 16ki otel and night. 604; Skoreh. 55; loken Katk. 
1596; Orm. 1815 & 3973; c. of I. 494; vor te loken riht 
bitweonen OU a. r. 286; loke Rob. Glouc. 488, 5 & 562, 
5; Alis. 1823; Tor. 1492; luke Iw. 849; pn ctwwc. 205; 
lokede (^et.) La-T,. 2266; Katk. 791; uw. J*, f. 9004; 
loked (part.) Orm. 439; [)e lahen |)at tu Lam liavest 
iloket Mark. 10, 5; compos, an-, bilskien. 

lokunge looking, (dat.) a. r. 102; lokinge „viaws, aiijKc- 
tus", prompt, parv. 311; loking Mor. a. p. I, 1048, 

loHen, OUntck lollcn (femora fooere foculo)f loll: he 
|)at lollep is lame .P. /*. p. 528; as iv leperen purs lolled 
Ilia chekes vis. F. P. 2856. 

lollere loller, P. P. p. 528; loUer Aud. 37. 

lome, ^Soa:. lomsi, loom, „utena!le, instrumentum", prompt. 
parv. 312; j)s. 2, 9; Mor. a. p. 2, 314; Percev. 2032; re/. 
ant. 1, 54; lomen ("^J^^ a. r. 364; HV, a;)fc. 41. 

lome, ASax. (ge)16me, OIIGerm. (ki)l6nio, f,fqtienthj, 
Furn. p. VllI, 6; Orm. 2178; IVr. p. s. 197; Hhorek.Jl; 
Oetov. 1944; ofte and lome s. a. \Vr. 1892; chron. Vilod. 
98 ; lomere (rcmj).) vis. P. P. 14400; compos, itome. 

loppe, ASax, Dan. loppe, Swed. loppa, lop, pultx, Wr. 
an. lit. 84; loppis (pi.) Town. myat. 62. 

loppister, ASax. loppestre, lobster, \Vr. voc. 176; 
lopster rel. ant. 1, 81. 

lopren lopper, coagulare; lopred (part.) pa. 118, 70; 
lopird pr. consc. 459 (Halliio. diet. 529.^ 

lorV ASax. lor, OSax. 0/IGerm. (far)Ior, loss: with- 
outen lore Rob. Br. 97, 9. 

lo8, ASax. Olcel. los, from leosen, lona, ^perdOo", 
prompt. parv. Z\Z y Ckavc. C. t. 2545; Mor. a, p. 2, 1589; 
lose („losse") (dai) via. P. P. 8913; g4 to lose La^. 22844. 

lose, ODutch los (different from loos), looae (lovs) : 
lose in [le haft Hardw. poem 74, 4; \Vr. p. a. 339; „loce 
or loos 'toliitua", jfompt. parv. 310: loos Ohauc. C t. 4062; 
his lose tuiige Gow. conf. am. 1, 131 ; pe louse stou a. r. 228*. 


losieti 371 

losien (lose), ASar. loaian (solvere, evadere, perdere), 
Olcel. losa (solvere), ODvtch losen, lessen (solvere, laxare), 
lose, perdere, Mor. a. p. 3, 198; losin (loain?) loose (louse), 
^solvere, laxare", prompt, para. 313 & 314; losen harrow. 
36; loosen, lousen Wid. (jioas. ; louse Percev. 1871; Octav. 
1634; louse and binde Atid. 45; louses (ares.) pr. consc. 
1792; loscn Gow. conf. am. 2, 150j losede (pret.) lost, 
Lc^. 2201; Katli. 1120; loused loosed, Flor. 1545; lost 
(part) perditus, Mand. 273; Gow. conf. am. 1, 153; Ckauc. 
C. t 14591); loosed solutus, r. r. 4511; compos, ilosien, 

loane(n), Olcel. losna, loosen, Wicl. gloss. 27. 

lost, OSax. (far) OHOerm. (for)lust, Ooik. (fra)lusts? 
lost, loss, P. P. p. 520; Aud. 13; %(>\t to lost Gow. conf. 
am. 1, 147. 

lot, ASax. lot (dolus, fraus)? Olcel. lot (nutatio), from 
iiiten, bow, inclitiatio corporis; lote (dat) Mor. a. p. 1, 238. 

lot, ASax. OFris. hlot, ODutch lot, Olcel: Lktr? 
OIIGerm. hluz!* /»-oj» leoten, lot, „sors", prompt. pari>. 314; 
«. r. 358; 0)-m. 133; fiwA. 4262; loten (lotes) (pi) La-J,. 
13058; lotes Rob. Br. 124, 12. 

lote? cmp. OFris. lotlia, lota, tribute, Ilalliw. diet. 530. 
Hotehl paramour, a. s. Web. 1443; Chauc. r. r. 6339; 
Aud. 5; lotbi 3. s. Wr. 2148; lutbTe met. horn. 82; loto- 
bies (pi.) vis. F. P. 1659. 

lotie(n) 'hide, lurk. Lot, 21509; lotiep (prea) vis. P. P. 
11573; lotinge (part) Chauc. C. t. 12114. 

lod, ASax. lilod, OFris. lilotli, hand, troop; 16d? 
Mapes 339. 

love, OIccl. lofi, Goth, lofa, Zoo/, „vola^, (misprinted 
lone) FPj-. woe. 207; (loovc) Alea: Stevens. 2569; Wfe 
Town, my at. 32. 

I oven (lofen), jlSoar. lofian, 0/c*i. lofa, OSoa;. O/ZGerm. 
lobon, praise, laudare, Oi~m. 208; love ATor. a. p. 1, 285; 
hou loufis (estimates) pou him Town, myst 177; loved 
a. r. 408; loved (jrrct) pr. come. 321; (lovid) Octav. 727; 
(loovid) j'/or. 714; loved (part) ps. 9, 24. 

lover (lovir) loner (loover), „lucanar'', Wr. voe. 236; 
prompt, parv. 315. 

lowin, ASax. hlopan, 0//(7«-m, (h)luon, iow, „mwgire", 
prompt, parv. 315; loowen iCtW. glosa.^ lowep (pres) 
Ilardtc. poem 33, 6; (louwep) IVr. ^. s. 332. 

lowinge lowing, (ace.) Kath. 144. 


372 lucchen 

luccheo, ASax. lyccan(?), hilch, pnllf luche (prfs.) 
Mor. a. p. 3, 230. 

liid, ASax. OSax. hlud, OHGerm.(h)\tter, Gr. xkink, 
loud, a. r. 210; owl and night. 6; & bigoii to ^eien Ifidere 
steyene Kath. 208; Iiide (adv.) Lar,. 1768; ich grSde IMe 
owl and night. 1253; lahjhen Ihilde Orm. 8142; loude 
Wr. treat. 136; Alia. 283; Chauc. C. t. 674: litddure 
(compar.) a. r. 290. 

iide? Ofm. hlHd? OHOfrm. (li)luta? «ownd, wowe; 
lUde (loude) ftiat^ Xn3. 2591; [)& Mden fpZ^ heo ihSrden 
27034; he wole maken Mle lildeii rei. oni. I, 188. 

Ud(e), ASax. hljde, Ude, March, Rob. Glmic. 569, 9; 
llde Hardw. poem 35, 11. 

lAden, ASax. MJdan, OHOtvm. blAten, make a noise 
or clamour. 

lllding clamour, La^. 24873; Ifldinge (ace.) Kath. 145. 

luddok plumhtis", pivmpt. parv. 316; I. c. c. 43; lu- 
dockes ^nates", Wr. voc. 186; luddokkis Town. mysl. 

luffeten, ASax. XySeisxi, jlalter. 

luffetuTig, ASax. IjSetang, jlaltery, Wr. voc. 95, 

luft, ASax. lyft, OSax. OllGerm. luft, Goth. Iuftu8, 
Oleel. lopt, lift, air, Wr. voc. 90; lift Oi-m. 17533; met. 
horn. 26; o Mi(acc.) a loft, a. r. 212; o loft Orm. J1823; 
lufte (dot) Marh. 9, 29; Kath. 2124; Rob. Olouc. 280, 24; 
vleinde bi pe lufte a. r. 244; bi lofte k. of T. 686; to 
poll (pan) lufte Laj. 2881; leofte 25585; lift(e) Wr. treat. 
136; via. P. P. 10340; fojelea on dir lefte (fueles on pe 
lofte)//i^i. ike». \, 223; on lofte Chauc. G. L 4697; ololte 
vis. P. P. 640. 

loftsong high song? La-^. 68; Marh. 19, 14; Wart. hist. 
I, 74; pa, 39, 4*; (loft song) c. of I. 29* {'(Ae oiAer ma. 
haa lofsong). 

luften (liftin), MHGerm. luften, Olcel. lyptd, i»yi, 
„3Mii«i(We", prompt, parv. 303; liftea «w. /*. y*. 3191; 
Jtfanrf, 190; leften Orm. 2488; lifte (pret.) Flor. 7fi7. 

lugge kjr, rod, pole? lugge fc^T*^ owi and night. 1607. 

lugge(n), Sifed. lugga, lug, pidlf Lidg. st. of Th. 4597; 
luggep Gow. conf. am. 3, 149; luggid dep. of R. 14, 4; 
compos, toluggen. 

(lu^e) lighe, ASax. lyge, Olcel. lygi, OHGet-m. lugi, 
from le03eil, lie (lee), „mendacium", ps. 5, 7 ; lie Ohavc. 


luhnen 373 

C. t. 3391; k. of T. 1056; leghe a. s. Weh. 2887; lee 
Toicn. myst 216; Uses (pi.) Furn. p. XXX, 141. 

luhnen? connected with A ^axA&cc&at compos. oluhneH. 

liike, Dutch leuk? ittie, L03. 27557; leuke „tepidua", 
profnpt. parv. 302; reZ. ant. 1, 52; pr. coiisc. 7481. 

leukenesse „tepor", prompt, para. 30;2. 

l&ken, AiSaar. lucau, OSax. (ant-, bi)lucan, OFria. 
Olcel. luka, //o(A. (ga-, us)liikan, OHOerm. (ant-, ar-, bi) 
IGchan, louk (look), pvit, close. Lot,. 29072; Kath. 2128; 
Mark, e, 21; rel. ant. 1, 209; louke vis. P. P. 12567; 
luked (pres.) rel. ant. 1, 220; luken Orm. 16432; loukande 
(part.) Mor. a. p. 2, 441; lek ( pret.) Mapes 339; He I4k 
his eghen 3. 3. Web. 929; up he Isec pene staf La^. 29661 ; 
pi laec pe pater ofer hem Orm. 14814; luken ut of sc4pe 
sweordes longe La^. 23211; loken Amis 492; loke Hob. 
Qlouc. 495, 22; loken (part) Orm. 1091; Gow. conf. am. 
1, 226; cr. P. P. 62; s. a. Wr. 2951 ; Degrev. 552; lokin 
met. horn. 88; It Sarsins legge haj) he lokin Octav. 1274; 
compos, bi-, i-, to-, unliken; derio. lok- 

louke r „runcator^, Wr. aoc-.218. 

lukke, luk, OFris. ODutch luck, Olcel. Inkka, MHGenn. 
(g6)iiicke, luck, prompt, pare. 316. 

lukke n (lukke), ODutch lucken, luck, succeed, Martsk. 
m. t. 225. 

lullin, ODutch lullen, luU, prompt, parv. 317; lulUd 
(preL) Chauc. C. t 8429. 

lumpe, ODutch lompe, lump, „ frustum", prompt, parv. 
317; lompe P. P. p. 527. 

lund, Olcel. lund, nature, disposUion, Orm. 7038. 

lunge, ASax. Oi^m. lungen, OHGerm. lunga, lungun- 
(na), lungin(n)a, ODvtah longe, Olcel. (lunga) pi. lungu, 
lung, „pulmo'', prompt, parv. 317; rel- songs V, 172; Oow. 
cotif. am. 3, 100; lud. Cov. 181; longe Alis. 2156; li heaua 
disc. 602; longene (pi) La^- 6499; loiiges Wr. voc. 183; 
(lounges) Chauc. C. t. 2754. 

lure, ASax. lyre, from leosen, loss, La^. 980; Kath. 
805; a. r. 58; owl and night. 1151; luere rd. ant. 1, 263; 
lire Orm. 5667; st. gen. 2920; lere? Rob. Qlouc 526, 12; 
leore? Alis. 1122. 

lure(n), ODutch leuren, loren, Fr. leurrer, hire, Chauc. 
C. L 5997; lured (part) vis. P. P. 3351. 

(luren) lourin, LGerm. luren (specularijf lour (lower), 


374 louri 

scowl, prompt, parv. 31 f>; ioure Ooie. conf. am. 1, 47; 
Bick. 3470; vis. P. P. 2735; Trtam. 1032; louring (part) 
Ckawc. C. t. 6848. 

louri, LQerm. lurig, lowery, Lidg. m. p. 52. 

Iflriiig louring, owl and night. 423. 

lurken (IflrkeQ?), related to luren, as herken to hfiren? 
lurk; „lurkin latere**, prompt, parv. 317; lurkes (pres.) 
Mor. a. p. 3, 277; lorkus Degree. X655; lurken cr. P. P. 
120; lurking (part.) Chav.c. C. t. 12586; lurkide (pr^) 
Wid. gloss.; lorked Will, gloss. 

lurkere lurJcer, rel. ant. 1, 133- 

(lus) bus, ASax. Olcel. OHOerm. lua, louse, vii. P.P. 
2867; Iflse (pi.) Fum. p. I, 5; lis (luis) via. P. P. 2866 
(WaH. hist. 2, &6>; Use pr. come. 651. 

lousi lousy, Chauc. C. L 7049. 

lusch, LQerm: lusch, lush, „laxus", prompt, parv. 317. 

luschen mshf luischen (pres.) Halliw. did. 535; lu- 
Bchit (pret) Qaw. gloss. 

luskten), Daii. luske (auseultarej, MIIGerm. IfiBclieii, 
ODutch luischen (latere), lurk, Bob. Br. 9, 1-^. 

lust, JSao!. lust, lyst, OSasr. OFris. OHGerm. lust, 
Olcel. lyst, lust, Mark. 14, 24; Or-m. 1628; okI andnighl. 
507; Hoed. Ill, 60; met. Awn.. 165; Aud. 4; „luste »o- 
luptas, libido", prompt, parv. 317; „list delectatio", 306; 
we Iiaddeu gr4t(e) lust to see his noblesse Mand. 220; 
at here owne list 50; sinful list rel. ant. 1, 221; list, 
liste? Mor. a. p. 1, 907 & 2, 843; lust, lest Ckauc. C. t. 
132 & 1320 ; luste (r. w. custe) (dat.) owl arid night. 1395; 
lustes (pL) Mark l; a. r. 176; ivele lust«S rel. ant. 1, 129. 
lustles Gow. conf. am. 2, HI; listlEs prompt, parv. 307. 
lustllche gladly, rel. ant. 1, 129; list-, listeli Will, gloas. 

lust, ASaa. hlyst, OSax. Olcel. hlust, hearing, La^. 

lusten, ASax. lystan, Olcel. lysia, OHGerm.. lusten, 
iwt, cupere: whan hem list Mand. 38; if pe list CAavc. 
C. t. 1185; 3ef wif luste hire make owl an-i night. 1191; 
luste (pret.) Kaih. 1588; a. r. 238; Brand. 6; ne luste 
heom hider varen iaj, 28811; lust(e), leste Ohav^c. C. t. 
102 & 752; liste Orm. 8119; Gow. conf. am. 2, 366; 
vis. P. P. 11646; Mor. a. p. 1, 146; compos, oflusten. 

lusten, ASax. ix]ysta.Q, list, auscultare, La^.9l9^ Fum. 
p. VIII, 114; listen Owi.8574; listin prompt, parv. 307; 


lusti 375 

I'l^-ea) Lidg. m. p. 189; lu8t (imper.) Mark 3, 15; 
• Old and night. 1727; luate (prei.) La^. 2952l>. 
■ ti, MIIGerm. luetic, lusty, hilaris, „voluptuostis" , 
■ 'I. paro. 317; Katk. 1693; Gow. conf. am. 1, 110; 
'!<: C. t. 80; in \n you]) b^ lusti, sad whan pou art 
Lidg. m. p. 68. 

|](JOd kilantas, Chauc. C. t. 10602. 
ii luat^y, Chauc. C. t 9fi67. 

Aids lustiness, Fum. p. XXV, 160; Chauc. C. I. 1941. 

awtuen listen, Kath. 110; a. r. 432*; lustne|) (pres.) 

. spec. 24; listiiep wis. P. P. 9534; Icstiie (imper.) 

r>h. 76; lustiicj) c. of I. 1027; listneil rel ant. 1,217; 

iicde (pret.) La'7,. 26357; listnede si. fjen. 2137. 

lit (llitV), ASax. lyt, Olcel. litt? lite (leet), parvum, 

-. 252; Kalk. 34; worldllche men ilevod lut a. r. 66; 

I lut worile-8 70; lute (r. w. pnite) Belc. 227'J; lute 

A lute patdatim, Wr. treat. 137; lute god 133; a lute 

lu owl and night. 703; to luite (the other ms. has luitel) 

.>/ I. 632; k lite (lite?) vis. P. P. 8569; Chauc. C. t. 

ir>2; k lute (parvus) wiht a, r. 72; 4 lute fowel Brand. 

: itlid i lute hpile Kath. 2183; lite (r. «-. bite) Havel. 

730; (>. w. wite) Hartsh. m. t 34; |)i sor^e is al to lite 

'horeh. 32; lite (pU) Chauc. C. t. 496. 

lutel (Mtel?), ASa-j:. lytel, litel, OSaar. luttil, OHGerm. 
Iiiziler, Olcel. liEill? Go(A. leitils? liule (litle, leelle), par- 
'■'IS, Old and night. 561; k lute! lond Kath. 2178; lutel, 
liittel L«3. 1652&26452; litel (litel?) Orm. 3205; C^a«c. 
'-■'. t. 492; litil Wicl. John 4; Lidg. m. p. 163; lutel fiwr- 
em,i) Kath. 354; a. c. 74; k Intel AfrarA. 13, 5; luitel 
c. of I. 73; lutel, litel Fum. p. VIII, G & 69; litel woot 
Arcite Chauc. C. t. 1527; k litel Orm. 1715; rel. ant. 1, 
ail; k littel //ict. thes. 1, 228; &ne lutle while Lot,. 
5818; pis lutle pine Kath. 2182; pane lutle fu^el owl 
and night. 1095; pe litle peteld Ot^ 17597; Utile (pi.) 
and mikile Tor. 751; what lutlea Fum. p. XVII, 39fi; 
sum ^hat litles Orm. 4681 ; litles phat6952; aeune lutelne 
suue Lot,. 6329; latlen (dat. pi.) by iitiie, 3569; lutlen and 
lutieii bg little and little, Mark 12; litlum and litlum vis. 
P- P. 10787. 

lit ten, ASax. lutan, Olcel. luta, lout, incline, Orm. 
6139; St. gen. 1926; (he) luted (pres.) rel. ant. 1, 223; 
(hi) luted Kath. 1781; luted (imper.) a. r. 13; lutende 


(paH.) 426; heo leat (pret.) Ifehe to hire Mark. 12, 31; 
ofte heo luten a dun Lai^. 1880, 

liitie(n), ASax. (ge)lutian, OHGerm. luzzen (latere), 
indtne, cower, lurk, La^. 21509; loutiti „conguini3cere", 
prompt, parv.- 316; loute Ckauc. C. t Tyr. 14168; Roh. 
Br. 333, 24; lUted (pres.) rel. nnt. 1, 223; pe hare liitep 
al dai owl and night 373; luttes a. r. 332*; loutes Degrev. 
1225; lutede (pretj Kath. 1848; loutede vis. P. P. 9604; 
and his bed loutede a doun Rob. Qlouc 115, 5 ; loutid(e) 
s. D. Wr. 40fi; Mtto Orm. 8961; lutten at. gen. 4070; 
compos. atMtien. 

luter (nlutter"), ASax. hlutor, hluttor, OSax. hluttar, 
Goth, hlutre, OHQerm. (h)lfiterer, lutterer, pure, Orm. 5707. 

lutlien, ASax. lytlian, rf*jwiM.M, decrease, LaT,. 8838; 
lutlin (f printed littlin) Mark. 5, 1; lutli owl and night. 540. 

luder, ASax. lyder, lither, bad, wicked, a. r. 96; luder 
(luper) La-^. 6833; luper vis. P. P. 2708; luper and qued 
owl and night. 1135; luper ant lees Wr. spec. 49; Uder 
rel. ant. I, 131; st. gen. 369; liper Bek. 364; s. a. Wr. 
2250; lither pr. consc 1059; leper Jw. 599; pe ludere 
reve Marh. 6, 

luperhed badneas, wickednesa, Rob. Glouc, 240, 6; liper- 
hede (dat.) Fum. p. JUI, 88. 

luderliche litherly, badly, wickedly, Mark. 5; a. r. 290; 
liperliche s. s. Web. 972; liporli Chauc C. t. 3299; letherU 
Mar. mir. pi. U4. 

lithernes litkemess, pr. consc. 226. 

lupre, ASax. lydre, lid(e)re, sling, fvMda; luperen 
( Rob. Qlouc. 394, 19. 

luve, ASax. lufe, lufu, love, amor, Mark. 5, 9; owl 
and nigkt. 1508; lufe Orm. 1572; pr. consc. 69; Isumb. 
242; lufve Amad. Robs. LIT, 11; luve, lufe, lofe (love) 
La^. 223, 413 & 783; love Ckauc. C. t 1602; Wid. John 
13; luve (pi) Fum. p. VIII, 156. 

lovedai a day appointed for the amicable settlement of 
d^erences, Fum. p. XVIl, 494; vis. P. P. 5634; Chauc. 
(ft 260; Aud. 26. 
lovedrink Triat. 2, 54. 
lufful a. r. 222. 

lovelaik Trist. 2, 82. i 

lovelees loveless, vis. P. P. 2707. 
luvelTch lovely, a. r. 428; lovelich vis. P. P. 5069; lave- 

luvien 377 

liche (adv.) a. r. 14; liivellche (lofvelicbe) La^. 7892; 
luvelike rel. ant 1, 217; lovelokest (mperl.) P. P. p. 518. 
lufrsden amor, met. hont. 30; lover^d p^. 108, 5, 
lufsum loveaome, Kath. 316; Marh. 3; Orm. 3583; ant. 
Arth. XXVII, b; (printed lussum) Wi: spec. 31; lufsom 
Iw. 214; lofsom hmmf. 942; lovesom Ckaue. Troil. 6835. 
luvewurde a. r. 112. 

luvien, jlSair. lufiaD, love, amare, a. r. 206; rel. ant. 
1, 212; luvien (lovie) Lot,. 3056; lufen Orm. 940; lovien 
H'r. spec. 57; lovie Shoreh. 91; loven Mand. 160; love 
Wtci!. JoAn 8 ; luvie (pres.) Mark. 4, 7 ; lovie ifeA. 890 ; 
va. P. P. 1420; Invest a. r. 282; luvetl Katk. 231; owi 
aW Mj^R 230; (M) luvied^Kath. 952; a. r. 282; omi ajwi 
M^/((. 1353; luvede (pret.) Katk. lOtl; luvede, lufede (lo- 
vede) ^03. 156 & 256; lufede Orm. 16712; lovedest Bet. 
781; luveden a. r. 282; lufed (part.) Iw. 1164; compos. 
bi-, iluvien. 

lovere lover, Chauc. 0. t 1381. 

mfl., ASax. ma, OFria. mi, mar, OSax. OHOei-m. mer, 
0/c«i. ineir, Go(/i. mais, iat. magis, (compar.) ma (mo), 
magia, pltis, Katk. 1282; J/arA. 8, 32; fior. 1104; pr. 
conac. 3997; nefede he bern no mi Lut,. 9t ; he hafde 
sunes raa Orm. 8157; nffifre mA 4206; mo owl and nigkt. 
564; Mand. 375; Chauc. C. t. 578; Mor. a. p. 1, 869; 
And. 80; oder mo oder ies o. r. 42; no p^ mo Wr. (r^at. 
138; mo pan &. pousand vis. P. P. 294; cvre mo Fum. 
p. VIII, 53; mar (for mare?) plus, Orm. 1715; rel. attt. 
1, 145; mor Ckauc. C. t. 2368; m^re, ASax. OFrw. mftra, 
OSax. OHG erm.^ m ero, Olcel. meiri, Go(fi. maiza, /i^rt. 
nriAjor, Sanac. MS I M If, more, major, Orwi. 19566; mfl-re luve 
ia3. 30055 ; eaver se fu m&re pi & mftre peane dSst me 
. , . Be pu purches(t) mi pil & mi peol m&re Katk. 2140; 
more Fum. p. VIII, I ; Hoed. I, 65 ; more wunder a. r. 
54; godes merci is more pan &c, via. P. P. 3050; bope 
more and lesse Chauc. C. t. 6516; Inde pe lasse and pe 
more Mand. 4; mkre (neui.) plus, Percev. 229; ne iirAs 
he never m&re La^. 1555; pat is mdre purd Kath. 70;- 
njlpiht m^re 2144; godes engel sejde , , . 3et mire Orm. 
780; & mftre (magis) lufest tu pat ping 4662; pe mfl,re 
10146; pS more a. r. 194; nh mort: ow^ anc^ ntr/At. 213; 
more 6per lasse Wr. treat 138; mscst, ASax. msest (ma- 
xirnus, maxime), msesta (maximvs), OSax. most (maxime. 


378 macche 

■■m), mesta (maximua), OHGerm. meist (maxime), 
meisto (maximm), OTcel. inSstr (mestr?), Goth, maists, 
Gr. jieTiOTO!, (nuperlaL) moat, maxime, Im^. 27601; \k 
most worpi Mand. I; mSat plerumque, fere, a. r. 88; 
Fum. p. VIII, i; meast alio Katk. 29; & tssr pas liejre 
king aj mfct Orm. 3471; mtsi (iiiaximus) & lie^best 
10734; ant tii schalt . . . nioast punne aiit peole pclden 
Marh. fi, 10; ho so liavep of urpe mest (plurimum) Wt. 
treat. 138; pat mreste (mnximus) viht Lar^. 274S2; maste 
Iw. 2123; |ie m^'^te lufe Orm. 5328; pe raoste sinne 
Mand. 249; pe m6?t(e) ami leste Ckmic. C. t. 22O0; 
m^ste Uob. Glmie. 9, 18; (li)ia mesto fo Wr. spec. 34; 
at te mestc Brand. 31; mesten (ace.) 6kl (dSl) ia^. 2153. 

macche, ASax. (ge)inEecca, from mak, match, conjux, 
par, vis. P. P. 8125; Hoed. J, 307; (mache) m. AHh. F. 
1607; nin of Lem ne ^holde lienpedded pip lifepen macche 
Oitn. 1958; pe schrewe fond his macche po Furn. p 
XIV, 48; mehche (nietche) prompt, pare. 331; ches Crist 
to meche rel. ant. 1, 325. 

macchen vtatcli, comjiarare; maccho (imperat.) you to 
gidores vis. P. P. 532fi ; maclict (part) ant. Arth. A'.V.V/F, 3. 

mid, ASfjiT. {ge)nijed (nmem), OSax. (ge)med (stvUiis), 
Goth, (ga)maids (dvctJtijpoi), OHGerm. (ga)mcitor (sl^dtiis), 
mad, (r. w. rftd) * s. Wr. 2091; (maad) U beans disc. 
2001; (mad? = ma;ded:'' r. w. lad = Iseded) Wr. spec. 
29; „madde amens", prompt, pai-v. 319; met. horn. 53. 
madllche madhj, Katk. 2114. 

m3,dnesse („maddenesse") madness, pi-ompt. parv. 319. 
mAdschipe id.. Kath. 237; medschipe a. r. 148. 

maddir (madir), ASax. inieddre, madder, prompt. paro. 
319; nV. VQC. 265. 

m a e d e n ? ASax. (ge)inEedan, Goth, maidjan (xaitjjXEuew). 

Olcel. meiJa pret. meidda (laedere), mad, trouble, hurt) 

„maddiii inaanire", prompt, parv. 31!'; tf poii madde Cfiaue. 

C. t. STSfi; pat maddid (for madde?) her eion (ms. ^ine) 

' dep. of H. 6. 17; compos, amsedon. 

maei, ASax. nia;g, OSnx. OHQerm. m4g, Olcel. migi-, 
Gnth. mSgs, relative, cousin, „propinc[iiits", Wr. voc. fi7; 
mffii (mey, mAy) I.03. 3838, 8139 & 19674; pi mei (ma;i) 
ne [)i moje Furn. p. VIII, 15; mei rel. fongs V, 162; 
maejes (mSy^s) (pi.) La-^. 457; meies Mark. 16, 9; com- 
pos, winemffii. 


mael 379 

mfiol, ASast.. m;ol, Qoili. mSl, Olcel. m^l, m*!, mftl, 
0Fri3. m^l, mal, OHaar. OHGerm. raiil, meal, La-t,- i:"690; 
mfil (meal) a. r. 2fi2; m61 /Ca(A. 1839; BeA. 2305; Ckauc. 
C. t. 7356; meel „pasius'*, prompt, parv. 331; Gniw. 630; 
Fum. p. XXX, 1; mseles (pi) Onn. 495U; compos, un- 
(lernmSl, cuppe-, flok-, lime-, puiid-, stuEidtmele, wake- 

meltld rel. ant. 1,'132; Ckauc. Troil. 2648, 
melseotel Marh. Jl, 24. 
meeltime vis. P. P. 1806. 

maelen, ASax. ma;lan, Olcel. micla, /ram mill, apeak, 
Orm. 2919; mele TTi-. »yer. 3J; nw/. .IriA. F/, 9; m^Iez 
(^r<?s^ jl/of. a. p. 1, 496; mealde f^^rrt^ Kath. 1245. 

maene (meeue), OFris. meue, for imseiie? mean, com- 
mon, vis. P. P. 36; pe mene folk Rob. Br. K.R, 5: |ie 
mfine aiimes pr. conac. 3192; meiier (comp.) via. P. P. 
9252; I. c. c 7. 

mffinelich mennly, common: oure m^iieliche loverd rel. ant. 
I, 282; mienellite jiiiig Orm. 25(13. 

mansien, ASaa: niarsumian (V), gcma-tii^umiari, OHGerm. 
gemeinsamoti, communicare; raiinsen (manseii V), for amftn- 
sen, (pj-es.) Orm. 10522; nifl.nsed, for am^iised, (part.) 
via. F. P. 2402 ; Mor. a. p. 2, 774. 

maene, for imfene? commtmity, company, Orm. 1948; 
mone Shoreh. 61 & 70; mdne of all e halwen rel. ant. 1, 
57; ne mihto pat maiden his mone (imoiie) ipolien La^. 
25916; mfiiie ,'(, gen. 501. 

maene (m6ne), OFris. meno (opinio), OHGerm. meina 
(significatio), moan, opinion, comnttinieatton, co^)- plaint, rel. 
ant. 1, 103; t fala mSne via. P. P. 10592; mane rel. ant. 
1, 60; Lo. 535; met. horn. 119; Min. 12; mone a. r. 64; 
Itoh. Gltmo. 34, 15; Shoreh. 89; Alis. 12S1; Chauc. C. t. 
112.^2; (moone) Triam. 182; and m4de Lir mone to Piers 
ris. P. P. 4042. 

maencn, mSnen, ASax. mienan, OFris. mfina, OSax. 
m^nian, Olcel. meiiia, OHGerm. meincn, wicrw (main, mo'ni), 
communicare, dicere, aignificare, gneri, La'^. 8294 & 2961H; 
menen a. r. 274 & 316; Orm. 4817; meanen Kath,. 1243 
& 2345; mene owl and night. 1255; Rob. Glo'ir. 330, 2^*; 
c. of I. 401; Trist. 2, 2; ' Gow. conf. am. 1, 94; Triam. 
28 & 473; mone Rick. 4636; Percev. 128; j^mfine (prea.) 
Ckauc. C. t. 2065; hit is & 8chSp(h)ei:de pat i of mSne 


380 meninge 

Hartsh. m. t. 74; as Marc m4iie[j in pe gospel vi». P. P. 
CI78; and m^nip him bi name Tor. 759; i wot what pis 
m^nes Boh. Br. 155, 11; as pe stoii mones 128. 2; pei 
mSiien Mand. 132; msende, mende (pret) La^,. 1904 & 
2438; mende Degrev. l?;68; m^nde (maiite) a. r. 64; ase 
ich €r mende Shoreh. 129; mSnden' Mark. R, 4; compos. 
bimeiien (-monen), 

meninge, OHGemi. meinaaga,, meakln;/, moaning, com- 
munication, prompt, parv. 332; Perceo. 1986; Rob. Br. 2% 
26; ant. Arth. XLVI, 11. 

mennesse meanness, community, rel. ant. I, 43. 

maer (meer), ASax. (ge)mEere, Olcel. mEeri, meer, 
„liinea'*, prompt, parv. 333; m£er (m^r) La^. 2133; mfire 
lud. Cov. 171; meres f,t€rminos", pa. 2, 8. 

maere, ASax. msere, Olcd. mBcrr, Goth. m§rs, OSax. 
mari, OHGirm. m^rer, famowa, illuatrioua, Orm. 806 ; miere 
(mfire) iaj, 1139; m^reFuMi. p. VIII, 196; Wr.apeclio. 
mairhche /owioiwifi/, Lai^. 2&'i7. 

maep, ASax. msed, O^Gerai. (ga)mahida, meeth, fitness, 
measure, modeety, dignity, Orm. 7515; mSp Wr. spec. 103; 
mede st. gen. 3fi01 ; mffide (mepe) (dat.) La^. 977; in 
mesure & mepe Mor. a. p. 2, 247; wipouten mep(e) c. oj 
I. 318; and Mari ledd(e) htr ijf wip mepe met. k<ym. 107; 
man ne can his rnQdes mede (ace.) rel. ant l, 131; com- 
pos. unmEBp. 

mgdful a. r. 430; mdpful (mSthful) Wr. spec. 32 ; j>a. 3,6. 
m^dleaa meedleas, a. r. 96; meplea Gaw. gloas. 

mepe moderate, HalUw. diet. 553; compoa. unmede. 
m^dellke moderately, st. gen. 1758. 

maedejien, ASax. (ge)mBedegian, temper, moderate: 
we sculled mMegis heore mod La3. 25231. 

maedien, ASax. msediaiij temper, moderate: pe man 
pe hit meded riht rel. ant. 1, 132; 4n angel m^dede hire 
dat nSd sL gett. 1242. 

maew („meaw"), ASax. masp (aicedo), Olcel. m&r 
(larva), mew (maw), Wr. voc. 90; mowe prompt, pom. 
346; compos, s^mgwe, 

ma3, ASax. mseg, OSax. OHGerm. Goth, mag, OIceL 
ma, (pret. prea.) may, Orm. 199: mai (mai^) Hich. thea. 
1, 223 ; mai owl and night 228 ; (may) c. oj I. 1; mai, mei 
a. r. 6; raffii L03. 1202; pu maht Mark. 4, 25; Wr. spec 
91; maht, miht Orm. 1488 & 1492; maut Wr. an. lit. 8; 

maj 381 

miht La-7^. 13289; harrnio. 80; rai^t owl and night. 555; 
Brand. 30; meiht (maht) ». r. 102 & 40B; (we, je, hi) 
ma3en, mawen Laj. 731 & 1333; mahen Katk.l^l; ma- 
wen FJV. spec. 96; muwen (majeii) a. r. 16; mujen Fum. 
p. VIII, 104; (mushen) Orm. 202; muje owf and jit^Af. 
182; moweu Chauc. V. t. Tyr. 13967; mowe Hch. Olouc. 
316, 13; «. of I 23; Mand. 5; //occi /, 148; moun s. s. 
Wr. 1340; malie (mhj.) Katk. 967; mawe Fum. p. VIII, 
168; Dijeie (mawe) La'T,. 3180; mu^he Orm. 200; muhe 
owl and night. 1579; mowe Bek. 141; derie. maio, maht, 

ma3, ASax. mseg? Olcd. mfer? GotA. mavi? may, 
maid, Orm. 2489; may Lot,. 30486*; Wr. spec. 26; Oow. 
conf. am. 2, 2; Chauc. C. t. 5271; Town.myat. 67; ^wwrf 
fiojs. /yi//, 9; mai met. hom. 39. 

ma3e (,.mahe"), ASax. maga, OHGerm. mago, 07crf. 
magi, mow, slomachvs, rel. songs V, 17] ; mawe a. r. 370; 
Bo6. Giojw. 311, 16; Alia. 1260; ww. P. P. 9715; Hardw. 
poem 43, 6; met. Aom. 124. 

mA^e? mos, v^Sao^. mflga(?), maugh, kinsman, at. gen. 
1761; mo3e (tfaf. pi.) H. zeitschr. ll,*29'.t. 

ra 1136 (roiwe), m63e (mowe), ASasr. mAge, maege, female 
relative, i-ovsin, Z.a3. 257 & 25897; m63e (m^se) Fwm. 
p. VIII. 15; mowe rel. songs V, 162; Hoh. Glouc. 316, 
5; mOw(e) sister in law, prompt, pari}: 345; mdwe (mfihe) 
«. r. 76; mowe (j^) Fvrn. p. F", 3; mfihen (pi) Marh. 
16, 9. 

masden, ASax. msegden, maiden (maid), Orm. 2102; 
pat maiden, mseiden, maide, maeide La^. 150, 3059, 3111 
A. 22225; maiden Tor. 2008; meiden Kath. 66; a. r. 64; 
maide oW and night. 1416; ifoi. Gtou^. 206, 12; maid 
Gow. conf. am. I, 150; maidene (gen. pi) rel. ant. 1, 128; 
meidene Mnrh. 5. 

maidin-, maidechild Wirl. gloss. 27 ; maidechild ^^(13. 14379. 
mn3deiihttd Orm. 4606; maidenliod Chavc. C. t. 2331; 
meiden-, meideliod «. r. 104&392; maidenhed Gow. conf. 
fim. 2, 230; st. gen. 1852. 
masdenman virgin, Orm. 2085; maidenmon Wr. spec. 82. 

maidekin, ODiiirh maegdeken, ,.piieUa.'', prompt. pm-v. 

ma5d, ASox. mBeg(e)d, OSax. OHGerm. magai, virgin. 
ma3phad Orm. 2339; meidhad Marh. 2. 

:, Google 

382 maeip 

maeip, ASax. msegd, „(proge)niea, Iribus", Wr. voe. 
87; maspe (dot.) Orm. 6985. 

m&h, ASax. mih, bold, La^. 10201; compos. imSh. 

malit, ASax., miht, OSax. OHGerm. maht, 
Go(A. malits, from ma^, mt^Ai (maught), poteatas, Wr. sjiec. 
34; majt A/or. a. p. 3, 112; inaght Iw. 3621; (maught) 
TrMi. 3, 45; maht, miht O'-m. 20l5&2'J5(i; mihttransact. 
18, 26; mist (miht) c. of I. 1174; might vis. P. P. 225; 
Chaue. C. t. 540; mihte" a. t: 26; Iltck. ihes. 1, 222; rd. 
songs IV, 16; mighte (mihte) prompt, parv. 337; mseltte 
(mihte) (dot.) La^. 6810; malite (ace) Mark. 7, 6. 
mistful c. o/ i. 588; s(. gen. 100. 

might, .ifiorc, meaht, vtanght, strong, sacram. 182; mill 
mi^te name at. geii. 3038; compos, almiht. 

mahtis, ASax. raeahtig, mihtig, OHGerm. mahtiger. 
QoUt. mahteigs, mighty, Orm. 806; majti rel. ant. 1,214; 
msehti (mihti) ^.13. 2839; ma^ti, mi^ti s(. gen. yB3 & 
3797; mihti a. r. 182; mijli Brand. 16;' mighti Chaur-. 
C. t. 108. 

maile, F7: maille, Ital. maglia, Lat. macula, maH, 
prompt, paro. 320; mailes (pi-) ant. Arth. XXX, 5. 

maime(n), OFr. mahaigner, MLat. mahamiare, maim, 
Chaue. C. I. 6714; majnin (maimiii) promjit. pan: 320; 
imaimed (part) Rob. Glouc 288, 4; vis. P. P. 11746. 

main, ASax. msigie)u, OSax. megiu, OHGerm. magao, 
megin, 01f.d. magti, megin, from maj, mam, potentia, 
LaT,. 1541; Rob. Olouc. 10, 7; Aiis. 656; lud. Cov. 25; 
mein Mark. 12, '4 ; c- of I. 1479; matne (dat) Goto. conf. 
am. 3, 4 ; Tnam. 740. 
mainful Mor. a. p. 1, 1092; meinful Kalk. 1096. 

maister, OFr. maistre, Lat. magister, master, owl and 
night. 1776; s. s. Wr. 36; meister a. r. 236. 

meistren master, Kath. 1280. 

maithe, ASax. magede, Tneaden, tdld chamomile, "''■ 
voc. 190; maide, maithis prompt, pai-v. 319. 

mak (make?), Olcel. makr, /or imak? fit, meet, easy, 
^aptus*", prompt, pai-v. 321. 
makli easily, prompt, para. 322. 

mak, Dan. mfbk, maddik, Olcel. madkr, maak (mawk). 
maggot, ,.cimex", prompt, paro. 321; mauk Wr. voe. 190; 
maked (for madek?) 255. 

make, ASax. maca, Olcel. maki, OSax. (gi)maco, 


makere ^SS 

OHOerm. (gi)inahho, make (ma^), conjiux, par, a. r. 
0mm. 1276; owl and night. 1157; rel. ant. 1,224; Shoreh. 
07; Alls. 3314; vis. P. P. 1598; s. s. Tf>. 239; Goto. conf. 
am. 1, 45; Degrev. 1116; m. jlr(A. J<'. 1062; Lidg. m. p 
153; pe turtle pat hap lost hir make Chaue. C. t. 9954 
lie wenes his iiiak(e) mai ua man find(o) met. hom. 49, 
makelcs Mark. 11, 4; e. of I. S19; Chaim. Troil. 172 
anf. Arik. XXVIl, 10. 

makere maker, via. P. P. 6095. 

makien, ASaa: macian, OFrii. makia, OSax. raacon, 
OHQerm. luachon, make. La-,. 635; Kath. 1026; «. r. 6: 
maki Wr. treat. IZ'i \ maken c. oj I. 479; cts. i*. P. 1179: 
makin prompt, parv. 321; ma '/Vis/. 3, 43; Mor. a. p. 1 
283; (maa) Percev. 520; makie (pies.) Wr. spec. 86 
mas |)J'. co}tsc. 255; makede (pret.) a. r. 224; l-Vr, (i-ea(, 
132; made Mand. 261; (maatle) c. of I. 34; maked (paj-t^ 
Oivw. 995; Shoreh. 71; maad Chauc. C. t. 396; compos. 

mSl, ASax. mk\, OOutck mael, OHGei-m. mk\, meil? 
Go(A. mail? mo(e (maul, mail), macvln, naevus; mool. reZ. 
ant 1, 108; moles (pi.) vis. P. P. 8651. 

mftl, ASiur. m41, msel (sermo, slipendlum), Olcel. m&i 
(sermo, pactum), OSax. OHGerm. malial (sermo, cohcw, 
pactum), mail, speech, tribute: o Grickislie m5,l Orm. 4270; 
moal St. gen. 81; & samnen la^helike & riht [le kiugea 
I'ihte male Onii. 10188. 

male, OFr. male, ODutch maele, 0/iOerm. mal(a)ha, 
mail, hag, „mantica", prompt parv, 323; sacram. 179 
males (pi) vis. P. P. 2940. 

maienV mail, macularef moled (part) vis. P. P. 8584 
compos, bimolen. 

matle, Fr. mail, Lat. malleus, mall, (dat) Tor. ,322 
melles (pi.) pr. consc. 6572. 

malskren masker, bewilder ; ma\s\i.Te(l. (part) Mor. a p. 
3, 255; malskrid (maskrid?) iVill. 16 (Hartsh. m. t. 276); 
maskede men Brand. 6. 

malt, ASax. mealt, Olcel. malt, OHGerm. malz, mcdt, 
Wr. ooc. 93; prompt, pars. 323; vis. P. P. 392; Chauc. 
C. t. 7328. 

raaltin. Germ, malzen, malzen, malt, prompt, parv. 
323; malte melt, soften? (cmp. OHGerm. malzer lenia) 
Mor. a. p. 2, 1566; see melten. 


384 mamelen 

mamelen mumble, via. P. P. 2514. 

mainere(n), A8ax. mamerianV mammer, mumble, Wr. 
voc. 203; memered? (pret.) Gaw. gloss. 

(man) mon, ASax. man, mon, Olcel. man, mon, mun, 
Ooth. man, Lat. memini, Gr. [i^fiova, (pret. pres) man 
(mun), think, will, Percev. 567; pr. consc. 96; Tor. 1113; 
wi. Anh. F. 3230; pou moii bS ded Iw. 703; mun Min. 
!2; ant. Arth. XXV, 3; it raune? Orm. 14356; (we, ye) 
mon(e) Hatliw. nvtj. poet. 41 ; Town. my»t. 63; per mone 
no dintus him dere avow. Arth. Ill, 11; pai mun(e) Min. 
3 ; derio. mane3en, munen. 

man, ASasr. ■man(n). mon(n), Oi'iar. OHGerm. man, 
Olcel. maun, Goth, (mann) <jen. pi. manne, man (mon), 
Beh. 4; Shoreh. 1 ; Ab's. 1579; Mand. 1; vis. P. P. 690; 
Chauc. C. t. 733; Fw. 2109: ^r, co/tsc. 42; man hem halt 
for gode men Orm. 387; mon Lns- 910; Kath. 925; 
o. r. 8; c. of /. 622; mannes (gen.) Chauc, C. t 4707; 
monnes Kath, 237; manne (dot.) owl and night 798; 
monne a. r. 68; men (mww, ace. pL) Orm. 123; owi and 
night. 385 & 923; vin. P. P. 64; & spa men (me) dide 
sone Kath. 1552; in eorile me hine sette La;^. 27933; 
ase me seid it. r. 54; men (for mannen, dat. pL) Kaih. 
406; a. r. 286; Beh. 310; manue (gen. pi) Fum. p. VIII, 
82; Orm. 2597; Rob. Glouc. 312, 15; monne a. r. 384; 
menne P. P. p. 640; monnen (dat. pi) La-^. 345; manne 
owl and night. 389; [mennes (gen. pi) Orm. 386; JWani/. 
104]; compos, aker-, alder-, bonde-, burj-, cheap-, dri-, 
ffl,-, fot-, gleo-, 30-, heaved-,' hired-, leof-, sae-, steor-, 
wSp(en)-, wifman. 

mnncun Fum. p. VIII, 153; mankun owl and night. 847; 
monkun La^. 436; harrow. 130; mankin Omi. l; sf. jen- 
240; monkin 'I'r. spec. 95. 
mon-qualm (man-cwalm) LaT,. 3908. 
manhijd Shoreh. 148; manhed Chauc. C. t. 758; raonheed 
^wrf. 55. 

manlich manly, human, Furn. p. XXIII, 33; vis. P. P- 
2991; monlich Kath. ?324; manli 7w. 3207; monhiker 
(comp.) a. r, 422; manlokest Will, gloss. 234. 
manliche, ASax. manlica, Goth, manleika, OHOerm. man- 
hcha, human form, ret. ant. 1, 234. 

mon-rcden homage, La^. 420; man-rEde Furn. p. XIII, 203; 
Alts. 4666 ; monrsden ant. At-th. L, 5 ; monrade harroir. 88. 

m&n 385 

monscipe (mansipe) dignity, honour, Xa^. 346; manshipe 

Orm. 19014. 

monslahe Mark. 11, 8. 

mon-slfeht La^. 27826; monsleibt a. r. 56; manslajt, Bek. 

365; »t. gen. 485; monsla3t And. 2. 

m4n, ASax. mAn, Otcel. meiim, OHGerm. meiner, 
had, false. 

minap false oath, Orm. 4480. 
monsware perjurua, La^. 4148. 

raSnsworn tnainsieorft, perjuraims, Iw. 3938; m&iuwore iaj. 
22139; monsworn Mor. a. p. 2, 182. 

m&n, ASa^.joka, OSace.jnen, Olcel. OHGerm. mein, atn; 
J)at tu pe loke ^el fra laka in &pes & i fitness Orm. 4478. 
mooful „profanua", Wr. voc. 94. 

mande (mauade), ASax. mand, ODvtch mande, maund, 
„sportula", prompt, parv. 330. 

mande (mauadee), OFr. maude, Lot. mandatiun, maundy, 
Mand. 18; vts. P. P. 11086. 

mane, OHGerm. mana, Olcel. mon, mane, ^uba", 
prompt, parv. 324; Alia. 1957; Iw. 1863. 

mane, OHGerm. {far)mana? mind, remembrance, (dat.) 
Percev. 553; mone Rob. Glouc. 281, 21 & 293, 2; (ace) 
vis. P. P. 9637. 

m ft n e n ? Olcel. meina (prohibere) f blame, reprove f m6ne 
Mapea 336; pSr dedea pou not m6ne8(t) Rob. Br. 219, 28. 

(m a n 6 3 e n) moneseo, ASax. mam(ge)an, monian, OFris. 
monia, OSax. OHGerm. manon, remember, bring to mind, 
mention, Kemh. Sal. a. Sat. 240; moneje (prea.) Shoreh. 
89; monin prompt, parv. 342. 

mangr, OFr. manoir, manor, Bek. 480; manoir vis. 
P. P. 3679. 

manure, OFr. vasaiiere, manner', a.r.S; Fvm.p.XVII, 
301; manure (maneere) c. of I. 663. 

mang, mong, ASax. (ge) OySaa;. (gi)mang, mang(mong), 
mixture, a. r. 384; mang (for a mang?) j^immankin Orm. 
239; a mang among, 110; a-mong a. r. 2; owl and night. 
497 ; a mong men harrow. 131 ; a manges amongst, Shoreh. 
21; Perceo. 1148; a monges Mand. 11; bl mong Kaih. 
200; a. r. 100; Wr. apec. 35; compos, imang. 
mongcorn prompt, parv. 342; cr. P. P. 1567. 

luange(n), ASax. (ge)mangian, Olcel. manga, trade, 
barter, pa. 101, 27; manges (prea.) a. r. 408*. 


386 iii&iiga,ro 

mangare, ASax. mangere, Olhttck manger, monger, 
„merc(Uor", Wr. voc. 88; mongerea (pi.) Furn. p. XII, 69. 

manglen mingle; mongled (prea.) a. r. 338; roong- 
linde (fart) 116. 

maiiis, A^ax. manig, msenig, monig, OSarr. mauag, 
OHOerm. mauager, Goth. rnanagB, many (mony), OMw.693i 
mani owl and nighl. 1321; Skoreh. 8; moni Mark. 1; 
a. r. 2 J meni Bek. 654; Tor. 699; manies (gen. in.) Furn. 
p. VIII, 18; moniea kunnea (mani kiiines) La^. 1710; 
manias (pi) st. gen. 428; manye leches via. P. P. 1347; 
mooie a. r. 200. 

mauifald, ASax. manigfeald, Goth. managfal[», manifold, 
Itc. 2973; monivold a. r. 176. 
monivolden multiply, a. r. 402, 
menitQwe ^sailers", Wr. voc. 88. 

manje, ASaa. manigo, men(i}go, OHGerm. raanagr, 
Goth, managei, many, multitude; laoniea (ace) La^. 24558. 

mankin, ODutch manken, mang, „mulilare", prompt, 
parv. 325; mankit (pi^et.) Gaio. gloss. 

manne, ASax. Go(A. manna, mo?ilmonnen(yormonne?) 
(gen. pi) La'7,. 24509; rel. ant. t, 171. 

maiiiLiase, mentiisse human nature, rel. ant, 1, 129 
& 130; manDesse (mennesse) Kath. 1118. 

mantel, OFr. mantel, mantle, Bek.'llQQ; mantles ('jif.^ 
Marh. 7. 

mapel (mapul), ASax. mapel, maple, „acer'*, Wr. boc. 
181 ; prompt, parv. 335; Ghauc. G. t 2925. 

marclie, ASax. mearc, OSax. marca, Gotk. marks, 
OHGerm. marcha, march, border, „conJinium", prompt 
parv. 326; pe king of pe marche Furn. p. XIII, 32; 
(ace) vis. P. P. 10516; marches (pi) Mand.292; merkes? 
TrisL 8, 41. 

marcheii, OHGerm. marcbon, march, harder: pe king- 
dcm of Hungarie pat niarchep to pe lond of Polaine 
Mand. 6; marchen to gideres vis. P. P. 126. 

mare, ASax. mara, msera i't), Oleel. mara, MHGertn. 
maxe, mare, „ephialtes, sagana", prompt, parv. 326 ; si'rCT? 
Kath. 1500; mirie singed dis mere rel. ant. 1, 221; coffl- 
poa. nihtmare. 

(mlren) moria, OHGerm. mSrou, increase, prompt, parv. 
343; morep (prea) Ijidg. m. p 243; mored (vart) Qo«. 
con/, am. 2, 181. 

max3 387 

mar 3, ASax. mearg, mearli, OSaa. t™arg, XiHGerm. 
marg, marc, OFria. merg, Olcel. mergr, marrow, medvUa: 
mars, margh, mary, mergh, merewj, merow, merow^ Wicl. 
iflosa. 2?; mary, marow (marwh, marugli) prompt, pan. 
326; mary Chiuc. V. t. 13957; mergh HaUiw. diet. 550; 
merowe (dat.) apot. 91. 
maryten Chauc. C. t. 382; Lidg. m. p. 165. 

mariin, Fr. marier, marry, prompt, parv. 326; marie 
Mor. a. p. 2, 52; nmrien (pres.J Mand. 212. 

mark, ASax. marc, ODutch mark, merk, OFru. mark, 
Olcel. miirk, mark, prompt, parv. 326; marc vis. P. P. 
2533; for marlfe ne for pundo Fum. p. VIII, 149. 

m ar k e , ASax. (ge)mearc, MHGerm. marc, ODutch 
mark, merk, Olcel. mark, merki, mark, signum, (ace.) £03, 
19099; Chauc. C. t. 6301; a. a. c. X, 47; marke, merke 
Mark. 5, 16 & 13, 18; merke prompt, parv. 384; a. r. 
300; Orm. 179B2; Rob. Br. 129,9; merk ets. i'. P. 10324; 
pr. consc. 4402; Tnet. horn. 67; merke (dat.) Chauc. G. t. 
11192; (accj at. gen. 3455; merkea (pi) a. /■. 364; mar- 
kis s. s. Wr. 1928. 

marken, .48oa;, mearcian, OJcei. marka, merkja, •mark, 
aignare; merkin prompt, parv. 334; merke (pres.) lud. 
Cav. 308; markep Shoreh. 7; markede (pret) La^. 5642; 
markedeat Mffli-A. 10; marked (part) vis. P. P. 7796; markid 
a. s. Wr. 8595; merked Mor. a. p. 1617; compos, imarken. 

market. Lot. merc&tus, market, prompt, parv. 326; 
Alia. 1515. 
market-beter Chauc. C. t. 3934. 

marl, ODutch margel, mergel, OHGerm. mergil, marl, 
prompt, parv. 327; marie (dat) P. P. p. 641. 
marel (ma. raarle)-pit Chauc. C. t. 3460, 

marmon, Lat. marmor? 
nmrmon (marbre)-st5n, ASax. marmanstsn, marble-stone, 
LaT,. 1317; marbelston Bek. 2142. 

mar r en (marre), A Sax. merran, myrran (offenders, 
impedire), OSax. merrian, ODutch OHGerm. merren, 
marren (impedire, tardare), Goth, marzjan (oxavSaXiCsiv), 
mar (met), nr. P. P. 132; he palde merrin hire meidhsd 
Marh. 4; marre (prea) Mor. a. p. 2, 279; & maide mar- 
rep me Wr. spec. 29; merred Kath. 1780; merres HaUiw. 
vug. poet. 39; maarde (pret) La^. 1903; mirde („mired") 
met. hom. 38; compos, amarren. 


888 narreten 

(marrelec) marlin, Dutch inar(re)len, from mftrreQ, 
marl, ^iUaqueare" , prompt, parv. 3^7. 

martir. Lot martyr, martyr, Kath. 2217. 
martardsm £03. 10120. 

(maru) marw, marow marrow, nSOciW, pnyiwjpl. parv. 
327; maro Town. myst. 110. 

maschiii maah, „miscere", prompt parv. 328. 

mase maxe, Fum. p. XXIII, 14; Ckauc. Troil. 6838; 
(maze) vis. P. P. 471., ASax. mftse, ODutck meese, OHGerm. meisa, 
(titjmoute, panu, Lidg. m. p. 203 ; moae owl and night. 
69 ; compos, col-, titetosse. ' 

masedlTche foolishly, a. r. 272. 

masednesBe confusion, Chaitc. C. t. 8937. 

mase I (masil), ODidcA masel, measle, prompt, parv. Z28; 
maseles (pi.) Wr. voc. 161. 
? maeslesceaJe „eruca", Wr. voc. 91. 

mag en maze, be confused, bewildered; mase (pres.) Will 
glosa.; ye mase Ghauc 0. t 10261; mased (part.) Ooto. 
eonf. am. 3, 6; Chauc. G. t. 4946; mased of wine p«. 77, 
65; masid aacram. 653; masid and mad Mar. 
170; compos, a-, bimasen. 

maser, ASax. (fj ODutck maser (tvher), OHGerm. 
masar, Olcel. mosor, maaer, lenotty wood, bowl, Wr. voc. 
198; prompt, parv. 328; wills and invent. 35; masere 
(dat) Qaw. gloss.; hire nap of bazere rel. ant. 1, 129. 

maske, ODutch masche, O.^Cenn. masca, maah (mesh), 
prompt, parv. 329. 

maskel, ODutch maschel, spot; maskle (dat.) Mor. 
a. p. 2, 656. 
maskellea Mor. a. p. 1, 743. 

mast, ASax. msest, OHGerm. mast, maat, ^mcUis'*, 
prompt, parv. 329 j Chauc. C. t. 3264; mastes (^.) La^. 

mast, ASax. miest, OHGerm. mast, mast, sagina: pe 
wilde bfir, penne (wane) he i (in) pan mseste (maste) 
monie swin im^ted La^. 21263. 
mastswTu prompt parv. 329. 

maatin, ASax. mEestan, OHGerm. masten, ODutch 
mesten, fatten, „saginare", prompt, parv. 329. 

masti, Germ, mastig, masty, fat; mastie (pi.) swine 
Chauc. h. off. 1777. 


maetliitg 389' 

maatling, A8<uc. inffis(t)ling, m<u(t)lin, brass, .fioi. Qloac 
87, 2; mestiing a. r. 284*. 

mat, OFr. mat, mate, tired, confounded, a. r. 382; c. of 
I. 1205; (mate) Iw. 427; BjcA. 6749; Flor. 771; Tor. 679; 
mate fp/) £^a(A. 2015. 

mate, Dutch (ge)niaet (socius), OHGerm. gimazo 
(conviva) f mate, companion, prompt, parv. 329 ; Bob. Glouc. 
236, 1. 

mAte, Olcel. m4ti, MHGerm. mft?e (modus): m6te 
(moderately, tolerably) wok prompt, pare. 346. 

maten, Oi^r. mater, mate, def&A, a. r. 98; mate ifor. 
a. p. 1, 612; mated fjwrt^ c. of I. 1324. 

matte, ASaas. meatta, Lat. matta, mat, Wr. voo. 260; 
prompL parv. 329. 

mattok, ASax. mattoc, mattuc, mattock, „ligo", prompt, 
parv. 330; Wr. vac. 234. 

mape, ASax.moAa., GotKtSi&^A, OHGerm.mB,do, ODutch 
made, maye, mad, „cimex", Wr. voc. 91; „maye or mathe" 
prompt parv. 330; mapen (pi) Halliw. diet. 644. 

madelen, ABax. madelian, msectlan, Goth, mapljan, 
speak, prate; madeled (pres.) a. r. 74 ; madelinde (part) 86. 

madelere, ASax. madelere, prater, a. r. 88*. 

madelild id. ibid. 

madelunge, ASax. madelung, prating, (dot.) a. r. 76. 

m&dem? ASax. m4d(u)m, OSax. m^thom, Olcel. 
(meidmr) pi. meidmar, Goth, maipms, treasure; m&dmes 
(pi) LaT,. 896; mAdmes (madmes?) Orm. 6471; rd. ant 
1, 174. 

(m & w e n) mowen, ASax. ma,]iaii, ODutch maeyen, 
MHGerm. mffln, mow (maw), Fum. p. VIII, 11; mfiwe 
otol and night. 1038; meowen (m4wen) (pret.)2La^. 1942. 

mftwer mower, Wr. voc. 21J. 

me, ASax. me, OFris. OSax.mi, OHGerm.''na.r, Olcel. 
mer, Goth, mis, Lat. mihi, Gr. [lot, Russ. mhx (dat.J, ASax. 
me, mec, OFris. OSax. mi, OMGerm. mih, Olcel. Goth. 
mik, Lat Jr. me, Gr. jil, Welsh Gael, mi, Bm«s. msim 
(ace), me, La^. 698; iTatA. 470; a. r. 26; c. o/ Z. 330 
me self (for I self) Jww 850; ich me seolf MorA. 11, 13 
i me self aah godes gist Orm. 12592; ict me aelve s. a 
Web. 383; mi 135; mi aelve Wr. spec. 93; mi self ich 
w(u)lle teo Laz 7fil. 

me, OFris. OJhitch men? but, Katk. 327 & 1281; me, 


390 mtehe 

pii hSdene hand, pe hShe healent is min help Mark. 6 ; 
me w€itestu a. r. 54; ulq muchel jef he ua 388. 

mSche, ASax. mSce. Goth. (ni£keis, nidki?) ace. mSld, 
Olcd. maeldr, mieki, OSax. m&ki, award; mfeche (dot.) 
La^. 7495; mScheo (daL pi) 17& 

mede, ASasa. mma, meoda, OFria. mede, OHOem. 
medo, meto, Olcd. miodr, mead (meath), ffimdaum", prompt 
faro. 331; £03. 6928; Wr. spec 88; mepe Wr. mc. 178; 
Chaue. C. t 3261. 

mSde, ASax. mfld, OSax. mfida, OFris. mMe, meide, 
mlde, OHGerm. mfita, mieta, meed, „praemtum, mercea", 
prompL parv. 331; Lai,. 17646; a. r. 94; Orm. 3380; 
Bek. 34; PtV. flpcc 42; via. P. P. 1777; Rich. 5404; 
OAoi*c. C. (. 3380; Wid. John 4; ^. consc. 96; mfiden 
("^i^ ^oiA. 1646; a. r. 240. 

mSde, A^ax.mxi, OFria. mMe? mead, prahtm, Ckavc. 
C. t. 89; (dot) owl and night. 438; Alia. 8; ji. a. H^r. 
1120; mSdes (pi) Sob. Glouc. 496, 5. 
mMwurt Wr. 00c 139. 

m€de, ASax. mMo, GoiA. modei, OHGerm. muoti; 
compos, eadmede. 

medeme, ASax. medume, moderate, rel. ant. 1, 129 
& 132. 

mSden (mSditl) reward, „remunerare", prompt, parv. 
331; Kath. 415; mMep (pres) via. P. P. 1789; mfided 
(pret) Will fflosa. 

m e d e w e , ASax. meadu, medu, MHGerm. mate ? meadow, 
Mand.312; medewe, midewe „pfo(M)n", prompt, parv. 337 ; 
medewe (dot) Lai,. 30251; medue Rob. Br. 195, 7; me- 
dewea (pi) Gow. conf. am. 2, 327. 

medle, OFr. mesle fmeapiiumjf 
medle-trB Halliv). did. 547. 

medlen (medlin), OFr. mesler? -.neddle, „miacere'^. 
prompt, parv. 331; Uoccl. I, 176; medlip (pres) Shoreh. 
28; medled (pret) Will gloaa.; (part) vta. P. P. 5159; 
Mand. 76; Chauc. C. t 330; see mellen. 

megre, Fr. maigre, meager, via. P. P. 3727; Chauc. 
r. r. 218; Mor. a. p. 2, 1198. 

me Men, ASa^. meldian (loqui, indicare, prodere), 
OHGerm, meldan (prodere), OSax. meldon, denounce, met- 
horn. 166; see mellen; compos, bimeldea. 

mele, ASax. melo, meolo Ettm. lex., mealo B<»U. ev. 

m«le 391 

gloss., OHGerm. melo, ODtitck mele, Olcel. xaiol, meal, 

farina, Orm. 1552; via. P. P. 8555; Mand. 189; Chauc 

C. t 3937; Mor. a. p. 2, 226; meele prompt, parv. 331; 

melowe (tiat.) Wicl. gloss. 

? meldgw, ASax. meledea|>, OHGerm. militou, mildew, WicL 

gloss.; mildSw prompt, parv. 337. 

melesek Iw. 2032. 

mfile, AScur. m61e, pot; meles (j^.) HaUiw. diet. 548. 

m e 1 1 , Olcel. medal, mell, middle : a melle Mar. mir. 
pi. 95; o mell(e) Iw. U36; i melle I. c. c. 24. 

mellen (melle), OFr. mesler? mell, mix, Ck. dr. 538; 
lud. Cov. 21; melled (part.) jir. consc. 9431; Ijidg. m, p. 
23; imelled Brand 13; see medlen. 

me lien = melden? speak, tell: pe profete Isaye of 
him con melle (r. w. quelle) Mor. a. p. I, 796; as 1 the 
melle (r. w. welle) Mar. mir. pi. 97. 

melten (meltin), ASax. m.elta.n pret. mealt, (?r. (ifXSstv, 
melt, „li^ere, liqware", prompt, parv. 332; Mark. 6, 24 
Orm. 17417; rel. ant. i, 185; melte Oow. conf. am. 2, 37 
meltep (pres.) vis. P. P. 11818; malt (pret.) st. gen. 1017 
s. s. HV.2043; Launf. 740; mo\ten(part) vis. P. P. 8201 
pr. consc. 7126; met. horn. Ill; molte Ckauc. Troil. 6380. 

melten, ASax. meltan, miJtan, myltan, Olcel. melta? 
melt: pet fleoweden & melten (pret.) al of teares a. r. 
110; pe gridire milte Fum. p. XV, 304; compos, imelten. 

(melu?) melwe mellow, prompt, parv. 332, 

m g n ? Fr. moyen, Span, mediano, mean: in pe m€ue 
while Wicl. John 4; meene „medium". prompt, parv. 332. 

mengen (mengin), .djSoa;, mengan, OJVts. menga, OSax. 
mengian, Olcel. (mengja?) part, mengjadr, mengdr, from 
mang, omp. Gr. lufvuvai, meng (ming), mix, prompt, parv. 
332; his mod him gon mengen £03. 3407; menge Wr. 
treat. 140; minge Hob. Gloue. 42, 13; meinp (pres.) owl 
and night. 943; mengde (pret.) st. gen, 3581; mengda 
(meinde) La;^. 15530; meingde (mengde) a. r. 326; men- 
ged (part) pr. consc. 673S; /»s. 105, 35; mengid apoi. 87 ; 
meind Wr. spec. 24; compos, imengen. 

menginge (menging), ASax. mejignng, mixture, prompt, 
parv. 332; Wr. treat. 136; pr. consc. 4705. 

mennisc, ASax. OSax. mennisc, OHGerm. menniscer, 
Olcel. menskr, Goth, mannisks, Jrom man, human; men- 
niake (dat) Orm. dedic. 218. 


892 menake 

meDiiisclejc humanity, hvanan nature, Orm. 85. 
meQuisciiesse id. ibid. 1373. 

meuBke, Olcd. menska (humanitaa, virtua, honor), 
OSax. menuiaki (hutnaniias), menek (mense), dignity, honour, 
Laz- 3560; Katk. 136; a. r. 38; Amis 690; Trial. 2, 91; 
Mor. a. p. 1, 162; Percev. 1423; I. c. c. 12; with menske 
and with manhede Degrev. 83. 

menskeful o. r. 358; meuskful Wr. spec. 51; menscful 
met. h&m. 10. 

menekeliche humanely, a. r. 316; menBkli honorably, Oau>. 

metiBke(n) mente, honour, grace, via. P. P. 1726; 
menBkez (prea.) Mor. a. p. 2, 141; menske (imper.) Kalh. 

meoc, Olcel. miukr, ODutch muik, Ooth. mAks, meek, 
Orm. 667; meok Fum. p. XV III, 6; mfik Bob. Glmc. 
287, 6; meoke a. r. 280; Wr. spec. 112; m6ke vis. P. P. 
803; Mand. 132; Chauc. C. t. 69; pr. conac 395; meokest 
(auperlat.) Mark. i. 

meokhsd humiliias, Rob. Gltmc. 389, 17. 
meokle^c, Olcel. miukleikr, liumilitaa, Orwi.1546; mekeleic 
Kaih. 1240. 

mfiklich meekly, aUd. bl. 399 ; meokllke (adv.) Orm. 11392 ; 
meokellche Marh. 14, 20; mfikeliche Trist. I, 16; mekeli 
Chauc. C. t. 8424. 

meoken meek, a. r. 276; Orm,. 9386; m4kin „humi- 
liare", prompt, paro. 331; mfike via. P. P. 2615; Chauc 
r. r. 3541; pr. conac. 172. 

meocnesse meekness, Orm. 10720; mieknesse Wr. p. a. 
335; mSkenes ant. Arth. XX, 3; mSkenesse Mand. 170. 

mercer, Fr. raercier, mercer, a. r, 66. 

merci, Fr. merci, mercy, Marh. 5, 30; a. r. 30. 

mere, A8ax. mere, 05^a;. meri, OHGerm. meri, mari, 
ta(. mare, mere (meer), „mare", prompt parv. 333; c. of 
1.671; Mor. a. p. 1,158; mere, miere Los- 21739 & 21959; 
meres (pi) pa. 113, 8*. 

mennaidin mermaid, ^siren", prompt, parv. 334; meremai- 
den Chauc. r. r. 682. 
mereman merman, rel. ant. I, 221. 

merminne (mereminne) airen, La^. 1322; mereminne f otA. 
mereaeddre nmuraena", Wr. voc. 90. 


mereswin mereswine, dolphin, Halliw. diet. 660; merBdin 
met. horn. 25. 

mere (meere), ASax. mere, myre, OHGerm. merhe, 
marhe, mare (meer, mear), ncgua", prompt, parv, 333 ; 
Ckauc. C. t. 543; Percev. 713; mare rel. ant. 2, 211; 
Mand. 250; mure Bek. 1173. 

meren, A8ax. merian, clearf compos, ameren. 

merling, Fr. merian, whiting? „gammartts", prompt. 
parv. 334; met. horn. 136. 

mersche (mersch?), A8ax. merge, OButch mersclie, 
marsh, (ace.) ps. 106, 34; mershe (dot.) owl and night. 
304; Wicl. gloss. 

(meru) memgh, merow, ASax. mearu, OHGerm. ma- 
r(a)wer, tender, Halliw. diet. 550; msravte (pi.) a. r. 378. 

mea, OFr. mes, Lat missus, m^ss. Degree. 1202; mees 
»M. P. P. 8132. 

mescben? crush f mid pine clivres woldest me m^she 
owl and night. 84. 

messager, Fr. messager, messenger, a. r. 190. 

messe, ASax. msesse, MLat. missa, ma^s, a. r. 32; 
Skoreh. 27; s. s. Wr. 1631; mease, masse prompt, parv. 
334; masse Xa^. 24549. 

mesure, Fr. mesure, measure, pr. consc. 7690- 

met, ASax. met, OSax. (gi)met, OHGerm. mez, from 
meten, met, measure, provipt. parv. 335; rel. ant. 1, i31; 
3t. gen. 439; vix. P. P. 8745; met & msep Orm. 7515; 
compos, i-, ofermet. 

metfastnesse, ASax. gemetfostniss, modesty, Orm. 2524. 
? metlic, ASax. (gejmetlli;, OFris. methk, OHGerm. mez- 
^Icher, moderate: he was a metli (ma. metely) man Halliw. 
diet. 551; compos, imethc. 
metwand prompt, parv. 336. 

mete, ASax. mete, OSaar. meti, mat, Olcel. matr, Goth. 
mats, OHGerm. maz, meat, ^cibus, esca", prompt, parv. 
335; La^. 657; a. r. 412; Or»j.3213; oiol and night. 107 ; 
Chauc. C. t. 1617; mete ne drink Degree. 1739; at pe 
firste mete Eglam. 1275. 
metefetil prompt, parv. 335. 
metesel itoh. Br. 334, 6. 

m^te, ASax. mfflte, meet, ■modicus, aptus, Wr. spec. 
36; Percev. 802; hid. Gov. 318; (meete) Chauc. G. L 
2293; compos, efen-, i-, ormEte, 


$94 mfiteU 

meetli meedy, Chauc. r. r. 822; m^tellke Orm. 10703. 

rafitelB dream, vis. P. P. 41-1; Wid. gloaa. 

meten, ASax. OSax. metao, OFria. OTcel. meta, Ooth. 
mitaa, OHGerm. mezan, mete (meat), metiri, Mor. a. p. 1, 
1031; mete ps. 107, 8; metep (pret.) a. r. 232; ye mete 
vis. P. P. 811; mat (pret.) Wid. gloss. 29; met pr.consc. 
7695; Eglam. 328; Tor. 701; meten (paH.) ret. ant. 1, 
46; si. gen. 2701; compos, imeten. 

mSten (metin), ^Soa;. metan, OFris.m&ta,, 0/crf. mseta, 
OSax. motian, meet, „obviare", prompt, parv. 335; meet© 
via. P. P. 10116; Gkauc. C. t. 14108; pei meeiea ( pres.) 
Mand. 164; m&tte (pret.) Brand.M; s. s. lVr.1297; metr 
teD Alis. 6697 ; compos, imeten. 

meten, ASax. maetan, ODutch maeten fmrfiri) ? dream, 
vis. P. P. 21; mete Will, gloss.; m€tep (prea.) rel. ant. 
I, 262; mfitte (pret.) Pum. p. XXIII, 8; Chauo. C. t. 
3684; m4ted (part) painted, Orm. 1047. 
* mStere npietor", Wr. voc. 89. 

meting, ASax. metung, „mensuratio''', prompt, parv. 

mating, ASax. (ge)m^tiiig, meeting, prompt. parv.3d6. 

mating, ASax. mseting, dream, Alis. 327; vis. P. P. 
8031; ^pictura", Wr. voc 89. 

metsunge, ASax. metsung, repast, (ace.) L03. 31769. 

mid, ASax.roid, OSax. mid (midi), OFris. mith, mithe, 
Ooth. mip, Olcel. med, OHGerm. mit, miti, Gr. |jiTn? wi'fi, 
Kath. 7H0& 1953; Orm. 11077; Rob. Glouc. 17, 7; c. of 
I. 439; Shorek. 5; Wr. spec. 94; Alia. 1513; //crw 260; 
nw. P. P. 293; peo wimon was raid childe Lai,. 266; he 
wolde . . . fleon a wsei mid his cnihten 7948; forfaren 
mid hnngre 23614; pat he . . . mid Ms rihte honde wi- 
teje (witie) me wid (fram) sconde 33737; ich wulle wu- 
nien mid pe 29630 ; imeind mid spire and gr^ne segge 
owl and nujAt. 16; ich alle blisse mid me bringe 433; 
pe file . . . mid pisse worde hire ejen abr4d 1042 ; mid 
sworde . . . fiste 1066; 1 ne mai mid 50U wende Brand. 
23; mid, mide Mark. 13; a. r. 4, 1O6 & 274; mide rei 
songs V, 174; st. gen. 2478; compos, h^r-, parmid. 
Pmidwif midwife, „obstetrix", prompt, parv. 337; cr. P. P. 
155; mid-, medewiif Wid. gloss.; medewlf Skoreh. 12. 

mid? midde, Atiax. mid (?) /. midde, OSax. middi, 
Ooth. midiB /. midja, Olcel. midr, OHGerm. mitter, LaL 


midde 395 

medins, Or. (xiuo? (for \iilitoi), mid: in pe midde (dat.) 

place Mand. 303; a midden fl,ne wselde La^. lOOOI ; of 

midden pine boseme „de medio ainu (tuo)", a. r. 146; t6 

midder (dat. f.) niht Lar,. 25714; a midden ( 

alle his fon c. of I. 333. 

middai, ASax. middffig, OFris. middei, MHOerm. mittac, 

OHGerm. mittitag, midday, Brand. 10; Jjm. P. P. 3480; 

middei a. r. 34. 

midfesten, ODutch mid-vasten, medium jejimii, La^. 22256. 

midlenten mtdlent, via. P. P. 11153. 

midmorwen, OHOerm. mittimorgan, mid-morrow, a. r. 24. 

midniht, OHG^rm. mittinaht, luidnight, Ln^. 1683; a. r. 

236; midniht Wr. treat. 132. 

midrede, A^'ax. midhride, OFris. midrede, „diaphragma", 

Wr. voc. 208. 

midrif, ASaa. midhrif, OFris. midref, midrif, „diaph}-ag- 

ma", prompt, parv. 337; midref Wr. voc. 183. 

midside latim medium? stonden in water 16 mid-side rel. 

ant. 1, 222. 

midsomer, ODutch mid-somer, midaummer, Wr. voc. 273; 

via. P. P. 9239J Boh. Br. 137, 19. 

midwei midieay: midwei bitweonen pet andSster a. r. 412. 

midwinter, ASax. midwinter, midwinter, Rob. Glouc. 452, 

2; Fum. p. XXXIV, 12. 

midde, OHGerm. mitti, Lat. medium? mid: kserf pi3 
lond a midde La^. 4836; a midde pe hevene Wr. treat. 
132; a mid (for midde?) te burh Kaih. 1478; a middes 
amidat, via. P. P. 8202; dep. o/ B. 2; in middes pe sg 
pr. consa. 2938. 

midde, ASax. OFris. midde, OSax. middia, MHGerm. 
(mitte?) dat. mitten, mid: pe stief tobrsec a midden £03. 

middenerd, ASax. middaneard, terra media, Fum. p. VIII, 
98; Hick. thea. 1, IfiS. 

midde-night, ODutch midden-nacht, nox media, s. s. Wi 

mid(d)e-winter, ASax. middan-pinter, htema medius, a. i 
4l2; Brand. 11. 

middei, OFris. middei, OHGerm. mittiler, middle: pe 
middei place Mand. 2; medil a. a. c. 11, 17; his medile 
8one laumb. 179; midleete, ASax- midleste, (superL.) La"^, 
2116; a. r. 370; <^rmi. 3ngl 112. 


396 middel 

middelserd Ln^. 11167; Orm. 3980; middelerd rel. aonga 

IV, 11; Wr. gpec. 22; Alis. 214; cr. P. P. 69. 

middelyard, OSax. middilgard, ORGerm. mittelgart, Olcel. 

medalgarSr, Cheat, pi. I, 67. 

middelDiht, ASax. middelaeaht, La^. 20607; middelnijt 

owl and night. 325. 

middelwci a. r. 336. 

middel, ASax. OI)vXchisnAAe\MJ10erm.miltA,mid^, 
medium, a. r. 180; via. P. P. 8350; pe middel of pis lond 
Bob. QloKC. 229, 21; hire middel smal Wr. spec. 35; me- 
dil Mar. mir. pi. 128; ivfing me bi pan midle (dat.) La^. 
28069; ia middel (for midle) of his live a. s. Web. 1729; 
see mell. 

midder, MHGerm. mitter (mediaa)f 
middemiht, MHGerm. mitternacht, Laj. 15942. 

mig(g)e, ASax.iaja^, ODutchmaggfi, OHGerm.mncoi, 
midge, culex, Wr. voc. 223. 

migge, ..^iSaar. micge, OOtrtcA mlge (mijge), urine, a. r. 

ml^en, ASax. migan, Olcel. mtga, mingere; mseh 
(pret.) La'T,. 17726. 

mile, .dSoa;. meol(u)c, mile Boirf. ei>. ^ioss., OFris. melok, 
Olcel. miolk, Goth, miluks, OHGerm. miluh, milk, lac, 
Laz- 1182; Orm. 12662; milk a. r. 320; Wr. spec. 36; 
Chauc. C. t. 10928; melk via. P. P. 3362; mule Brand. 
7: melke (ace.) Skoreh. 121. 
melkwt-t Octov. 1679. 

milche, OHOerin. melcher, milch (melch): milche cou 
prompt parv. 337; ache was melche lai le fr. 196. 

milde, ASax. milde, OSax. mildi, Olcel. mildr, Goth. 
milda, OHGerm. milter, mild, La^. 30809; .Fwrn. p. VIII, 
13; a. r. 120; Orm. 668; flo6. G/twc. 287, 6; Wr. spec. 
62; mi' ire (compar.) a. r. 268; owl and night 1773; mil- 
dest (9aperl) nie. P. P. 13466. 
mild-heorte misericors, La^. 16813. 

mildheortnesse miaericordia, a. r. 120; Orm. 2896; miid- 
hertnes p». 87, 12. 

mildeliche mildly, a. r. 40; Brand. 3; mildeli via. P. P. 

milde, Olcel. mildi, OHGerm. miltif demeTtcy. 
mildeful pa. 114, 5. 

mildenesse mUdneat, Wr. epec. 73. 


mildse 397 

(mild 8 e) milze, milce, A8ax. milda, clemency, mercy, 

La^. 66I6&16831; milce XaiJ. 297 ; Futtu. p. VIIJ,107; 

a. r. 30; Ot-m. 1476; owl and night. 1081; Rob. Olouc 

265, 5; c. of I. 350; St. gen. 3728; milse Skorek.U; Wr. 

apec. 58, 

milsful a. r. 364; c. of I. 543; pa. 114, 5. 

(mi Id 8 en) milcen, ASax. mildsian, have mercy, Orm. 

1041 ; jnilse nWiiaerert", pa. 114, 5; milce (imperat.J Katk. 

2419; milce h6re soulen a. r. 428; compos, imildseo. 
mile, ASax. mil, Olcel. mlla, OHGerm. mila, mills, 

tat millia, mile, La-7,. 5819; fourti mile Wr. treat. 134; 

twenti mile weyes AOs. 4444; itftEne milen Mark. 2. 
milkien (milkin), ASax. meolcian(?), OlceL miolka, 

milk, „mulgere", prompt, paro. 338; milked (pret.) Mand. 

71 ; imelked (part.) Fum. p. XIII, 234. 

milte, ASax. OFris. milte, OHQerm. milzi, milt, rel. 

stmga V, 171. 

min, OFris. OHGerm. min, Olcel. minnr, Qvt)\. vans, 

Lat. minus, less, minus: ne more ne min I. c. a. 22; minne 
Olcel. minni (for minri), OFris. min(ne)ra, OHGerm, 

minniro, Gotk. minniza, Lat. minor, p». 9, 6; pe mSra 

and pe minne Flor. 549; Perceo. 1608. 

min, ASax. OSax. min, Olcel. minn, OHGerm. ndner, 
Goth, meins, mine (my): mXo hirde Marh. 12, 22; min 
hlis owi aW wijAt. 623; min herte Lai,. 7239; Chaua. 
C. t. 1146; fader min c, o/ i. 325; pe viht is min a. r. 
266; mi fader Katk. 466; mi beam La^. 2276; mi d6p 
Chauc. C. t. 1568; mi sa|>le il/orA. 3, 13; mi tonge owl 
and night. 37; mines (gen. m, it.) ia^. 3588; a. r. 406; 
mine Hves Marh. 13, 22; mi Mverdes 12, 22; mire 
(gen. f.) La-J,. 8407; mine (dat m. n) 698; a. r. 
148; owl and night. '46; n^n Orm. 10998; of ml necke 
Marh. 13, 1; of mt londe Bek, 440; ml broper Chaue. 
C. t. 1163; mire (dot. f.) iaj. 16936; owl and night 
1739; bi mi miste Bek. 1597; of mt soule via. F. F. 
2362; minne (ace. m) a. r. 306; minne, mine Laiy 3334 
& 14864; mine owl and night. 86; mi brfider Marh. 12, 
2; mine (ace. f) a. r. 38; owi and night, 1186; a<. oe/i. 
277; min heorte Kath. 2163; mi hpile 766; mi soule 
Bek. 356; min (ace. n) st. gen. 2882; s, a. c. 9, 16; min 
iwit owl and night. 1186; min heed Chauc. C. t. 784; 
mi lond Bek. 39; mi gold vis. P. P. 1721; mine (nom. 


S98 minte 

accpL) Mark. 8, 14; a. r. 63 & 214; Bek. 914; vis. 
P. P. 2690; 3if 36 beon mine Kath. mi; mln Wr.gpec. 
47; min, mi met. horn. 18; mloeu ( La-^. 2946; 
mine Mark. 20, 15; owl and night. 364; Bek. 47tj; mine, 
min a. r. 62 & 234; mln Wr. spec. 61. 

minte, ASax. minte, OHOerm minza. Lot. menta, 
mentha, mint, ^menta", Wr. voc. 190; prompt, parv. 338. 

minte mint, mite; „minti8 vermes", Wr. voc. 176. 

mire, ASax. mire (''), ODutch miere, Dan. mjre, Sioed. 
m^ra, mire, formica, rel. anl. 1, 2 1 4 ; compos, pissemire. 

mirk, ASax. mire, myrc, Olcel. myrkr, mirk, dirk; 
Mor. a. p. 2, 894; in mirke. H(dlia). diet. 555. 

mirke (mirk?), ASax. miroe, myrce, OSax. mirki, 
Oloel. myrkr, mirk (murk), „obaciiru8'^, prompL parv. 339; 
Bob. Br. 221, 20; pr. come. 45fi; met. horn. 98; ant.Artk. 
VI, 11; mire st. gen. 284; merke (merk?) rel. ant. 1,218; 
Chauc. r. r. 6339; apoL 87; pe merke dale wis. P. P. 
461; merke night Halliw. mig. poet. 51. 

mirken, Olcel. myrkja, mirk, darken, Horn cA, 81; 
merke hid. Cov. 207. 

mirknes mirkness, pr. conse. 194; met.hom.2i; merk- 
nes apd. 98; merknesse (dot.) via. P. P. 12349. 

mis, misBB, MHGerm. ODutch aass&, Olcel. miaain, mtua, 
wrong, want: aei5 & cl6d so much mis (ma. Cott. Tit. XVIII 
kasTneY) a. r. 86; 3if him misbiveolle (misbWeoIle?) 200; 
td mende bAl>e p^r mis Rob. Br. 303, 2 ; 3if me hit wule 
tume a mis (amias, Olcel. & mis) owl arid night. 1363; 
je penchep a mis Brand. 8; is faren o mis Mar. mir. pL 
152; a misse „male", prompt, parv. 11; bS misse nfiver 
BO hflge Mor. a. p. 3, 420 ; of hfite hi habbed misse Fum. 
p. VIII, 118; i wol b^ Tengid of pis gr6t(e) misse lud. 
Cov, 43; wipoute mi&ss (Jail) Shoreh. 135; rel. ant. 1, 49. 
mi3beode(ii), ASax. misbeodan, Olcel. misbioda, MlIQerm. 
missebieten, offer wrong, owl and night. 1539; mia-b4de 
(imperat.) via. P. P. 3884; miaboden fjjart^ Gaw. gloss. 
398; who hap you misboden Chauc, C. t. 911. 
misbileave misbelief, Kath. 348; misbilfive s. s. Wr. 2302; 
misbiliefe pr. const. 5621. 

miscwSmen displeaae; miscwSmed (pres.) a. r. 182; mis* 
quSme (svhj.) pi. t. 595. 

misdede, Uoth. missadsds, OBGerm. missitst, misdeed, 
(ace) a. r. 124; Orm. 7830; owl and night 231. 


HUB 399 

misdsmen misdeem ; misdStnep (v*'^) ^ hauc. C. t. 


misdcn, ASax. misdon, OHQentt. missituoii, mitdo, do 

■wrong, owl and night. 1487; misdo vis. P. P. 1603; mis- 

ded (pres.) a. r. 124 i misdede (pret.J Mapes 33i); misdide 

Katk. 1207; misdiden Orm. 15154; misdOn (part.) a. r. 

98; Wr. spec. 72. 

misfangen (rais-fonge) take amiss, owl and night. 1372. 

misfaren, OJcel. misfara, OHGerm. missiiaraii, misfare, 

St. gen. 19II; misfare (part.) Will, gloss. 23(i; ATnad. 

Rohs. XXI, 6. 

roisferen go wrong; nuBferde (pret.) Z;a3. 26229; s. $. Wr. 

276ft; misferden Kath. 93. 

missemen (misse-jeme) neglect, Mor. a. p. 1, 322 ; mia- 

35med (part) a. r. 344. 

mis-hap mishap, owl and night. 12-17; mishep a. r. 180. 

misibsren hear amiss; mis-iherest (pres.) a. r. 296, 

miaiteon train amiss; mis-itowen (part.) a. r. 370. 

mislEeden mislead; mi8lEd(d)en (pret) Chauc. Trail. 4717. 

iiiialere(n) teach amiss, Fum. y. XIV, 6. 

misseleve wrong belief, Mor. a. p. 2, 1230. 

misleven discredit; mislSved (pres) a. r. 416; misleved 

(part) 68. 

misllch, ASax. OS ax. mislic, Olcel. misllkr, OHGerm. 

miaselicher, Ootk. missaleiks, different, various, Marh, 1 ; 

a. r. 180; misllche nomeii Kath 271, 

misllken, ASax. mislician, Olcel. mislika, OHQerm. missi- 

hchen, mishke, displease, a. r. 338; & tis maj pe misllken 

Orm. 18287; miallked (pres) Fum. p. VIII, 7; owl and 

night. 344; misllke Horn 670. 

misaimen mistake; misnimed (^^£»^ a. r. 46; pu misnCme 

(pret. subj.) Kath. 455; mis-nuiQeii (part) st. gen. 3091; 

mis-nume owl and night 1612. 

misnotien abiise; mis-noted (pres.) a. r. 130, 

misrede(ii) counsel amiss, advise ill, Horn 298; mis-irad 

(part.) C. of I. 427. 

misreken direct amiss? Yor sumeres Ude is al to wlonc 

an dop (dfep?) mis-reken monnes ponk owl and night 

490; an sone mai & word mis-reke par milp alial ajen 

horte speke 675. 

misrempeu? misrempe (pres. subj) owl and night 1786. 

misBawe evU saw or speech, a. r. 124. 


400 missen 

miaschapen misshape; misschapen (part.) Mor. a. p. 2, 

1355; mie-Bhapen via. P. P. 4674. 

iiUBsegge(D) miatay, apeak 31, Shorek. &8; misseist (pra-) 

Kaih, 467; misseid a. r. 34; miasigged 284; misseid (parC) 


mistfecben misteack; imst33tti (pret.) at. gen. 475. 

mistakea mistake; mistakep (prea.) Chauc. r. r. 1540. 

mistlden tide amiaa; mistlde (prea. aubj.) owl and night 1499. 

mistrSst, OHQerm. misBetrDst, miatmat, lud Cov. 126. 

mistrCaten miatmst, Wid. gloaa. 29; mistriste Ghauo. C, t 


inistru{en), ODutch miatrouwen, MUGenn. missetriuweD, 

miatrow, pr. conac. notea 270; mistrowande (prea. part.) 

Wid. gloaa. 29; mistrowet (pret. pari.) a. r. ti8*. 

iiiistume(n) pervert, Wiel. gloaa. 

mispimchen miaUUnk: pat te mispunched fToM. 982. 

iniawerche(n) do wrong. Will, gloss. 23Q ; miswroght (jKwt/ 

pr. conK. 1993. 

miswiten guard HI, a. r. 202. 

misseu (miasin), ASax. OHQerm. missaa, OFria. Oleel. 
missa, misa, „carere^, prompt, parv. 340; misse Kath. 651; 
Wr. spec. 67; pr. consc. 5266; M&r. a. p. 1, 329; lud. Cov. 
50; missed (prea) a. r. 364; miate (pret.) La^. 18817; 
5ei. 60; at. geai. 3872; misten 0mm. 8919. 

mist, ABax. Oi^M/cA mist, miat, „nebula", prompt, pars. 
340; Wr. treat. 136; Alis. 5761; via. P. P. 426; miste 
(dat.) Fv/m. p. VIII, 9. 

misti, ASax. ODutch mistig, miaty, „nebuloaua'^, prompt, 
part). 340; mistiec (compar) via. P. P. 6974. 

mistil, ASax. mistel, OHQerm. mistil, miade, viscm: 
bedes of mistil wiUa and invent. 16. 

mite, ASax. mite (tamua), ODutch mite (mijte) (aca- 
rva), OHQerm. miza (culex), mite, acarua; mites (pi) 
Chauc. C. t 6142. 

m!te, ODutch n^ie, mite, Hminutum", prompt, parv. 340; 
via. P. P. 14282; weie 4 mite Gow. conf. am. 2, 275; 
nought vorp & mite Chauc. C. t. 1660. 

mlpen, .^CLC. mldan, Of^oa;. midan (mlthau), OHQerm. 
midan, avoid, conceal, Wr. spec. 24; Horn ch. 826; n^de 
(prea. subj.) st. gen. 3807. 

mix, ASax. mix, meox, Fm, miox, miux, mix (mux), 
atercus, Kaih. 204 ; Shoreh. 109 ; mixe (dot.) rel. ant. 1, 1 83. 


msEM 401 

mizen, ASaa. mixeii, mtxm, sterjutlintuBi, Chtmc r. r. 
6496; mizenne (dat) a. r. 140. 

mixen, ASax. miscan? OHQerm. miscenF muc; mizid 
(part.) Wr. ». a. c VI. 19. 

mod, ASax. OSax. mdd, Goth. modB, Olcd. modr, 
OHOerm. muot, mood, animus, owl and nig}tt. 960; Alit. 
102; (mood) Chauc. C. t. 1762; m&des (gm.) Orm. 9366 ; 
imenget ia hire ladd(e) (dot.) Kath. 606; he pohte on 
his mode Horn 287; wip glade mdde Wr. spec. 80; wip 
. . . drSri mode Isumh. 186; mdde pr. consc. 2391; hit 
com him on mode (for mdd, accO La;^. 11. 

mSd, ASax. OSax. mfid, Olod. modr; compoa. ead-, 
lang-, 3&ri-, polemsd. 

moder, ASax, m6dor, OSax. mddar, Olcel. mtdir, 
OHOerm. muoter, Ir. Oael. m&thair, Lot. m&ter, Or. fid- 
■n)p, fi^'njp, Ru«a. K&mb gen. K&meta, Santc. 31I<II, mother, 
Marh. 2, 18; Bek. 163; (mooder) prompt, parv. 341; 
Chauc. C- t. 4696; m6dir Percev. 446; (moodir) Lidg. 
m. p. 243; moder (gen.) Gow. conf. am. 1, 362; cr. P. P. 
537; pr. conac. 447; ("rfot^ £*kA. 931; Orm. 248; focc^ 
©w. P. P. 9431. 
m&derlS3 ^a(ft. 78. 

m6di3, ASax. modig, Goth, modags, moody, animosus, 
Om». 8245; mfidi Lc^. 8344; Wr. p. ». 220-/Octav. 771; 
3t. gen. 2660; Min. 19; pu art wel modi and wel brSme 
owl and night. 500; modieste (mperlat) Kaih. 1247, 
modijlejc animositcM, aaperhia, Orm, 73. 
mddi^Ilke moodily, proudly, Orm. 2035; mddihche via. 
P. P. 2427. 

modi^nesse moodineaa, pride, Orm. 12040; modinesse owl 
and night. 1403. 

m6drie (nmoddri"), ASax. mfidrle, modrige, cmp. 
OFria. mddire, OHOerm. muotera, aunt, La^. 3771. 

mo^pe {nmowpe"), ^Soir. mogde, modde {'(I'nea^, ODutch 
motte (id)f moth (mimghi), „tinea", rel. ani. I, 6; moppe 
P. P. p. 540; mope via. P. P. 8947; mou^pe, moujte, 
moghe Wicl. gloss. 30; mow3te (mowghe) „tinea", prompt. 
parv. 346; mowghte ntarmea", Wr. voc. 223,- moughtes 
(mopes) (pi.) Chauc. C. t. 6t42; pe moghtis pat pi do- 
pes ete Halliw. diet. 558; moghes pr. consc. 5672. 

moist, OFr. moiste, moist, prompt, parv. 341; Chaw:. 
C. t. 359. 


40ii moke 

moke, Swed. mocka? moke, net, (ace.) rd. ant. \, 248. 

moke (mok^mftk?) „(iTiea", Wr. voc. 190 & 223. 

mol (molle?), ODutch mol (for mol-, mulworp?) Kil. 
diet., mole, nialpa", prompt, varv. 342. 

molde (mold), ASool OFris. molde, Oloel. mold, Qotk. 
mulda, Off Germ, molta, mold, „humus, solium", prompt, 
parv. 342; Skorek. 137; on molde Wr. spec. 33; vis. 
i*. P. 133; Mor. a. p. i, 1114; under molde Wr. arL lit. 91. 
moldwerp mold(i)warp, talpa, Wid, gloss. 29; moldewarp 
rd. ant. 2, 83; apol. S7. 

molde (mold). Span, molde, mold, modulus, prompt 
parv. 342; Trist. I, 86; vis. P. P. 7274; molden (fl')f 
a. r. 84. 

mdme, ODutch mfime, moeme, OHGerm. muoma, aunt, 
prompt, parv. 342. 

momelen, ODutch momelen, mumble; momelep (pres.) 
Wr. p. s. 238. 

momeler mvmhler, P. P. p. 543. 

moiiclle(ii), ODutch moiiken (mussitare)f munch, 
Chaue. Trail. 914. 

mone, cmp. Olcet. mona (mater), LGerm. mone (amita), 
motherf Gow. conf. am. 1, 97. 

mone, ASax. mona, OSax. OHOerm. mftno, Olcel. 
m&ni, Goth. mSoa, moon, prompt, parv. 342; Wr treat. 
133; c. of I. 103; ». s. Wr. 332; (moone) Ohaac. C. t. 
9759 ; mflne (dot.) Kath. 272 ; Mand. 61 ; (ace.) Orm. 13843; 
peene m&ne a. r. 166. 

Mfinedffii Monday, Lwr,. 13935; Mdnedai Wr. treat. 133; 
Hardw. poem 75, 3. 

moneie, OFr. moneie, money, vis. P. P. 647; Chauc. 
C. t. 705; mon^ pr. eonsc. 5570. 

mo nek, Lat. monachus, monk, Bob. Olouc. 417, 19; 
monk vis. P. P. 3394. 

mdned, ASax. monad, Olcel. m&nadr, Off Germ. m&- 
nod, Goth. mSnops, month, st. gen. 619; monep cr. P. P. 
494; tweolf moned a. r. 218; fSf monep Orm. 233; monp 
Bek. 1850; monpes fycn.) Wr. treat. 134; monepe (dot) 
Mand. 49; m6ned(e) Kath. 2529; monpe vis. P. P. 1648; 
mondes (pi.) La^. nil; mdnetheB pr. come. 4988; mo- 
nithis Tor. 1860. 

mont, Fr. mont, mount ; munt Xaj. 25807; Orm. 5374; 
mount Mand. 12. 


montaine 403 

montaiae, Fr. montagne, moufitatn, LaT,- 1282 ; moun- 
taine Brand. 24. 

(mope?) moppe, Dutch mop (pug)f puppet, „pupa", 
prompL parv. 342; Mar. mir. pi. 135; mope, fool, a. a. 
Web. 1414; moppis (pi.) dep. oj Rich. 24, 5. 

mopisch mopish, Bek. 78; moppische men Brand. 
•notes 59, 

mfir, A8ax. Olcel. mSr, ODvtch moor, moer, MHQerm. 
muor, moor, Percet). 1127; pan mdre (dtU.) owl and tii^ht. 
816; mores (pi) La^. 48t7; Alia. 6074. 
morhen moor-hen, Wr. p. Jt. 158. 
morven (-fen) moor-fen, Xaj. 20164. 

more, ASax. (|>eal)mora (pastinaca)? Boste. diet., 
ODutck moore (id), OHGerm. mor(a)ha (id.), mare (moor), 
„radix", Wr. voc. 181; oivl and night. 1420; Bob. Olouc. 
352, 9; via. P. P. 10802; e. a. Wr. 1726; moren (pi) 
La-T,. 31885; mores Brand. 13. 

raorsen, ASax. morgen, mergen, OSax. OHOerm. 
morgan, Olcel morginn, Gotk. maurgins, ODutch morgea, 
margen, mergen, OFm. mom, mom (morrote), st. gen. 247; 
morwin, morwe, morowe prompt, parv. 344; evin and 
morwin lud. Cov. 257; morwe Alia. 1241; Chauc. C. t. 
1494; pe pridde morewe Wr. spec. 82; good morwe vis. 
P. P. 3088; mora Mor. a. p. 2, 493; Fum. p. XXIX, 
20; more Rich. 6977; a morwen oper a niht a. r. 22; 
a morewen Wr. spec. 26; a morse owl and night. 432; 
a morwe Bek. 771; at morwhen (moryhen, morn) ps. 29, 
6; pe first(e) ping pat pei meeten at morwen Mand. 164; 
at morne pr. consc. 2668; to maersen, marewene (morre, 
morwe) La^,. 729 & 16066; to marhen Kath. 645; lie 
sal t6 morwen pole d^p a. a. Wr. 647; to morwe Bek. 
769; vis. P. P. 968; to morne Degrev. 1695; compos. 
, midmorwen. 
inorjensive, ASax. morgengifu, OHGerm. m organ geba, 
dower, „doa", st. gett. 1428; mor(3)ive prompt, parv. 343; 
morhsive (marhen^ive) a. r. 94 ; mor-, mserjeve La^. 
14394 & 31090. 

morsenliht (moreliht) La^. 17928. 
morwinsterre prompt, parv. 344. 

morjentld s(. gen. 59; morwetld Wid. gloss. 29; moretid 
Mis. 4106. 
(morjeninge) morweninge, morwinge, morninge. 


404 morknen 

morning, prompt, parv. 344; morweninge Fwm. p. XVII, 
584; via. P. P. 9; Ckauc. C. t. 1064; morewening Wr. 
spec. fiO; morowninge, morewinge Wicl. Mark 1 & John 
18; in p&re more3eiug(e) owl and niaht. 1716. 

morknfl(ii), Olcel. morkna, rot, Mor. a. p. 2, 407. 

morteia, Fr. mortaise, mortise, Mand. 10; mortais 
Halliw. diet. 562. 

morter, Fr. mortier, mortar, prompt, parv. 344; via. 
P. P. 4080. 

mord, ASax. Olcel. mord, OSax. morth, OFris. morth, 
mord, OHGerm. mord, Lat. mora gen. mortis, death, de- 
struction, La^. 28715 & 31824; morde? (dot) Bek. 2276. 

morper, ASax. mordor, Goth, maurpr, mvrther (mur- 
der), Chauc. C. t. 14987; morder Gow. conf. am. \, 313; 
morpre (dat.) Roh. Qlouc. 144, 13. 

mos, ODuich OHGerm. mos, Olcel. mosi, moss, „mti- 
scns", prompt, parv. 344; Iw. 2040; Triam. 392; mo3Se 
(dat.) via. P. P. 10190. 

mos, OHGerm. moa, ODvtch mose, Olcel. mosi, moss, 
palus, Hartsh. met. t. 15. 

moste, ASax. OFris. moate, OSax. mosta, OHGerm. 
muo8(t)a, (pret.) must, Kath. 1397; otd and night. 665; 
Fum. p. XIII, 249; c. of I. 220; Chauc. C. t. 714; j)at 
ne moate per ii& mon in cumen Xa^. 6712; muste st. gen. 
2624; mosteat Bek. 1214; mostist Mapes 386; mosteii 
harrow. 8. 

mot, ASax. OSax. OFris. mot, OHGerm. muoz, (pret, 
prea.) moot (mot, mut), mihi licet, deheo, LaT,. 3494; Kat/i. 
1919; a. r. 98; Skoreh. II; Mor. a. p. 1, 31; (moot) 
Chauc. 0. t. 737; Hoccl. I, 75; perfore ic mot ^u telle 
Wr. treat. 136; pu moat o. r. 102; Brand. 1; k. of T. 
446; je moten Trist. 2, 58; je ne mote bilSve hfir nfl 
leng Brand. B; hfi. moten Marh. 14, 13; p^i mote vis. 
P. P. 5387; ich mote (subj.) Marh. 5, 14; owl and night. 
52; aacram. 211 ; aa Svere i moote drinke win or ale Chauc. 
C. t. 884; aa mfit(e) i prive Tor. 1443; pu mOte Om. 
1266; harrow. l5l; (he) mote c. o/ I. 332; W'r. apec. 57; 
welcome m6t(e) he bS .Bot. Br. 192, 18; al so mote bi- 
tlde pe f. a. Wr. 1185; fire Idverd ^ive on grace pat heo 
mSten on helpen a. r. 298. 

mot, ASas:. m6t, moot, asaembly, debate, Kath. 1324; 
owl and night. 468; mote (dat.) La^. 31616; compos.imbt 


mot« 405 

m6t(moot)-halle prompt, parv. 346; via. P. P. 2352; Gam. 
711; Wid. John 18. 

mote (mot?), ASax. mot. Span, mota? mote, „atomvs", 
prompt, parv. 345; Wicl. gloss. 30; Qaw. gloss. 398; rel. 
ant. 1, 27: mote (dat.) vis. P. P. 6149; withouteo mote 
6[)er mascle Mor. a. p. 1, 725; motea (pi.) Chauc. C. L 
6450 ; moten EU. rom. 1, 317. 

mote, OFr. mote, mote (moat), agger, coUia, fossa, 
prompt, paro. 345; M<yr. a. p. 1, 142; pr. consc. 8896; 
(moot) vis. P. P. 3678. 

moten (mootin), A8ax. motian, moot, debate, „discep- 
tare", prompt- parv. 345; Kath. 586; Mark. 17; mdte vis. 
P. P. 809; Gow. conf. am. 3, 296; Iw, 3328; Mar. wwr. 
P^ 30; raotest (prca) La^. 1443. 

motere mooter; moteres (pi) Kath. 725. 

motild debater, Kath. 397. 

mouchen mouch; mouchid (vret) Toion. myst. 320. 

mo u tin, LGerm mflten, OHGerm. m&zon, Lot. mUtare? 
i»OM*, mo^t, prompt, parv. 347; moute Halliw. diet. 664; 
moutes (presj) pr. consc. 781. 

moven, fr. mouvoir, move; moevi Brand. 31; meven 
(pres-J Mand. 13; moved (port J &r. P. P. 1644. 

muche, Gr. ^-jaii, Sanacr. JTeffl? mwcA (micAJ, mojpMM ; 
muche deal Xaj. 6078; & muche fl6d a. r. 74; & muche 
man vis. P. P. 5038; moche Fv,m. p. XV, 147; moche 
(^.^) and lite Chauc. C. f. 496; miche Pwcey. 11; meche 
Tor. 270; muche multwm, Marh. 2, 28; owZ and ntyAt 
1210; pah he muche folie Kath. 229; moche Wr. treat. 
132; moche p^ boldere Laj. 16508*; miche Wid. John 
5; meche Shorek. 139; Mand. 6; mid mochere (dat.f.) 
ferde Xas. 3688*. 

muchel, .^Sao;, mycel, raicel, 08ax. mikil, Olcel. 
mikill, Goth, mikils, OHGerm. michiler, Gr. (iiBfaKoz) gen. 
(istceXou, tnickle (muckle), magnua, midtua: godes plsdSm 
is pel muchel Fum. p. VIII, 107; muchel (mochel) La^. 
1998; muchel seolver 7263; muchel luvede he us a. r. 
292; ich con muchel more owl and night. 1205; bl muchel 
slgihte vis. P. P. 13148; mochel multvm, Mand. 181; 
Hoccl. I, 370; per coupe he mochil helpe Ghauc. C. t. 
260; meciel Skoreh. 147; pat michel can Triat. 2, 37; 
michel, mlkel at. gen.2Q & 1209; mikel ps. 21, 26; met. 
horn. 2; ^mikil mtdhis", prompt, parv. 337; mikel midtum, 


406 nmchelin 

pr. consc. 925; mikel bliase Orm. 788; mukel magtm, 
Mor. a. p. 2, 366; mekil s. a. r XV, 2 ; peo muchele . 
blisae a. r. 38; muchele ^eoyen (pi.) Kath. Zl ; pe mochele 
see Brand. 1; k lord of mochele prid(e) Degree. 98; pe 
mikil(e) tree a. s. Wr. 634; raikile (pi) Tor. 751 ; dide 
him mekile honour Percev. 22; muchele (multo) p6 bal- 
dere £03. 16608; muchele leovere a. r. 186; muchele 
m&re (more) Fum. p. VIII, ia4; owl and night. 904; 
micle IShre 0mm. 2664; muchelea pe swudere a. r. 368; 
mid muchelere (dat. f) ferde Lo't,. 516. 

muchelin, ASax. myclian, raiclian, Olcel. mikla, 
Goth, mikiljan, OHOerm. michileii, magnify, increase, Mark. 
15; mucheled (prea.) a. r. 182; miMod (pari.) ps. 19, 6. 

mikelnes, ASax. micelDiss, greatness, ps. 28, 4. 

muchen (michin), OHGerm. muhhaii, mick, „mantica- 
tare'*, prompt, paro. 337. 

michare, OHGerm. muhhari, mieker, „mantiatlarius, 
furuncalua", prompt, parv. 336; niicher Wr. voc. 213; 
Chauc. r. r. 6541; muchares (mucheres) (j^) a. r. 150; 
michers Mar. mir. pi. 179. 

mud, LOerm. made, mod, mud, „limus", prompt, pare. 
347; Fum. p. XXXI, 2; mod Itich. 4360; mudde (dat) 
Mor. a. p. 2, 407. 

mile, OFr. mde, mew, prompt, parv. 350; ineue 
(„mewe") Ckauc. C. t. 351 & 10957. 

mugwort, ASax. mucgpyrt, mugwort, prompt, parv,. 347. 

mugle? tail? [„vocatur . . . cauda ah indigenia, pdtr la 
lingua, mughel" Forduni Scotickronicon 1, 138, quoted by 
Madden, £03. 3, 420] muggles (moggies) (pi) La-r,. 2958a 

mu3e, ASax. miJga, Olcel. mugi, mow, acervua; mowe 
Wr. voc. 154; Wid. gloss. 30; musen (^) La^. 29280. 

m u 3 e n (mu3heii), ASax. mugan, OHOerm. mugan, 
magan, Gotk. magan, Olcel. mega, from ma3, he Me, possf, 
Orm. 2959; at. gen. 1818; mowen Ckauc. Trail. 2686; 
mown prompt, parv. 346; mow(e) pr. consc. 7964; msehte, 
mihte, mohte, ASax. meahte, mihte, OHGerm. mahta. 
mohta, Goth.m.2Aiisi,,(pret) might (mought), La-^. 403, 3148 
& 30S93; mahte Mark. 7, 13; mihte (maht«) Kath. 62; 
mihte, muhte a. r. 58 & 94; mihte Orm. 130; mi3te 
owl and night. 394; Bek. 62; moht met. horn. 7; moght 
Iw. 226; Min. 24; moute Wr. an. lit. 3; mught pr. oonac 

milk 407 

382; mihtest harrow. 95; mistest Fv/rn. p. XXIV, 206; 
might CpaH.) Mand. 298; Chauc. Troil. 3503. 

muk (mukke?), Olcd. mykr (TnSg) Fritzner's ordb., 
muck, „fimus", prompt, parv. 348; Qow. con/, am. 2, 290; 
via. P. P. 408); pr. cotisc. 9008; mok Fvm. p. I, 20; 
(mokke) Mor' a. p. I, 904. 

middinge, Dan. mdgdynge, midding (midden), „fier^i- 
limum", prompt, parv. 337*; midding pr. come. 628; 
Toum. myst. 30. 
mukliine ^slerqiMliniwin'*, prompt, parv. 348. 

m u 1 , ASax. myl, ODvtch mul, miM, nprdvis", prompt, 
parv. 348; Oow. conf. am. 2, 204 ; Mor. a. p. 1, .904. 
mulrein stauhregen, prompt, parv. 

mAl, Lat. morus? 
mulberi, MHOerm. milbere, mulberry, „morum", prompt, 
parv. 348; molberi ^s. 77, 47. 

mule (muUe), OHGerm. muli, Gr. [luX)], Lat. mola? 
mUl, Rob. Ol&uc. 547, 22; miUe prompt, parv. 337; Mand. 
189; melle Chauc. C. t. 3921. 
melatOn Wr. treat. 136. 
milward rel. atU. 1, 85; meleward Fum. p. XXIV, 6. 

mulere (millere) mUler, vis. P. P. 1106; millere, mel- 
lere Chauc. C. t. 544 & 39W. 

mullin, OHOerm. mullen, Olcd. mylja, mull, pulve- 
rise, prompt, parv. 348. 

mullok mvUock, rubbish, Chauc. C. t. 3871. 

mulae, ASax. myl(e)n, Oloel. mylna, ODutch molen, 
Lat. molina? miln, (ace.) Wart. hist. 1, 43; (gen. dnt) 
a. r. 72; owl and night. 776; milne Wr. voe. 235; Wid. 
gloss. 29; milnes (pi) Rob. Br. 173, 27. 
milnatOn Wid. gloss. 29; milnestCn rel. arO. 1, 81. 

m i 1 n e r , Oleel. myinarij OHGerm. mulnari, mUner, 
Wr. voc. 212. 

multestre, A8ax. miltestre, „meretrix", Wr. voc. 95. 

mum men, ODutch mommeo, mwn; imiimmed (part.) 
dep. of R, 26, 7. 

mund, ASax. OSax. Oloel. mund, OHGerm. mtmt, 
mound, palm, protection, La^. 25569; and kabben me td 
munde 23246; mounde (dot.) Wr. p. s. 189; & knight of 
mochel moande Launf. 597 ; feouwer & eixti munden 
(mundes) £03. 21994. 
mimdebriche ntrespas vers seignur", rel. ant. 1, 33. 


408 mnnde 

munde, A8ax. mynd, Lai. mens ^en. mentis, Or. ^v^ 
mind, Mark. 21, 25; Wr. treat. 134; (pet he) habbe on 
ine miinde a. r. 68; muinde Fwrn. p. XXVI, 38; minde 
Orm. 17577; Goto. otmf. om. 2, 82; vit. P. P. 3048; pt. 
108, 15; pr. oomo. 59; i man pat is out of his minde 
Chauo. C. t 18909; as pe bfik makip mind Flor. 2166; 
^mende mens, memoria", prompt, parv. 332; lud. Coo. 19; 
compos, imnnde. 

munde (minds), A8aa>. (ge)mynde, mvndfid, rd. ant. 
1, 216; Wr. spec. 82; Mapes 336; compos, imimde. 

mnnden, ASate. (ge)myndau, miitd; minde (pres.) 
Hartah. m. t. 184; mindende (part.) Wid. gloss. 

mundij, ASax. {ge)mYn6ig (memor), 

mindijnesae memory, (ace.) Orm. 11608. 

mnndlnnge; compos, unmundlunge. 

mnne, A8ax. myne, Goth, muns, memory, rejnembrance. 
munedai a. r. 22*. 

mane, ASax. myne, mene, „monile*', Wr. voo. 89. 

mnnen, ASax. Goth, munan, Oleel. muna^ from man, 
thmk, remember, rel. ant. 1, 217; st, gen. 687; mnnde 
(pret.) Orm. 1967; comps. imunen. 

m u n e 3 e n , ASaa. myn(e)gian, OHGerm. munigon, 
ming, remember, admonish, a. r. 320; h&re ibne dSd ant 
drihtines mune^in Mark. 1 5, 8 ; mnneeie (munesi) La^. 
24027; mungen c. oj I. 1193; minge Wr. spec. 96; Octav. 
7; Em. 926; Mor. a. p. 1, 854; minge, menge Gate, gloss. 
897; mnnge (pres.) Fum. p. XXV, 167; mune^ed rd. 
ant. 1, 130; mene3i (mij.) ahoreh. 104; & mnne3ede hine 
td fflflon La^, 16S48; compos, imunejen. 

mnnet, ASaa. mynet, OIceL mynt, OSOerm. muniza, 
Lot. mon^ta, mint, „numi9ma", Wr. voe. 88. 

munesunge remembrance, (d(a.) a. r. 26. 

mnnien, ASax, mynian, min, remember, mentwm, La^ 
2038; munnen Katk. 1714; m&re pen Sni mM hit cflde 
munnen Marh. 14, 34; munne c, of I. 268; rel. ant. 2, 
210; of h6m we ohte munne Wr. spec. 112; minne Mor. 
a. p. 1, 683; ant. Arth. XVIII, 9; of one thinge i woUe 
you minne m. Arth. F. 169; munne (pres.) rel. ant. 1, 
125; munnest Kath. 974; pat pou mines (menes) of him 
„quod memor es ejm", ps. B, 5; me minep I retnember, 
Orm. 1817; me minez Mor. a. p. 2, 25; munned ant 
mnnesed Mark. 21; ye minnen vie. F. P. 10647; mene? 


(imperal.) pf. consc. 5740; pai bd mined „reminUcentur*'. 
ps. 21, 28. 

munster, A8ax. mynster, Lot. monasterium, minster; 
munstre (dot.) &nh. Glouc. 419, 16; minatre (ace.) Orm. 

man ten, ASacc myntan, muiU (mint, ment), intend, 
aim, rd. anL 2, 216; mintin prompt, parv. 336; minte 
I'riam. 1613; mente (pra.) Sfiorek. 151 ; m.vmt(part.) rel. 
ant. 1, 131; mint a. s. W>: 1660; Percev. 1667; Tor. 
1616; compos, imunten. 

mAre (mire), ASax. mjre, Olcel. mjrr, mire, ^palua", 
prompt, parv. 338; Btck. 6939; Chauc C. t. 510; Rob. 
Br. 70, 18; (miere) rd. ant. 1, 7; mftres (pL) Wr. p. s. 
216; compos. leimQre. 

miri miry, Hartak. m. t, 1S8. 

(murje) mtirie, ASax. myrge, mer^, merry (marry), 
Lai- 10147; Kath. 317; owl and night. 345; Brand. 14; 
k. of T. 288; merye SAo«A.148; Fior.1766; msnChauc. 
0. t. 285; miri prompt, parv. 338; a. a. H'r.261; pr.eonsc. 
904; miirie (adv) Horn 592; via. P. P. 20; mery(e) Tor. 
1959; mirie l^occZ. 1, 237; murie (pi) a. r. 390; muriere 
(compar.) Brand. 10; mnrieste (auperL) vis. P. P. 10056; 
mirieste Mor. a. p. 1, 199. 
merihche merrily, Chauc. C. t. 14521. 

murjen, ASax. myrgan, Dutch mergen, make merry; 
murjep (pres.) rel. ant. 1, 124; Wr. spec. 45; miries pa. 
46, 2. 

murhde, ASax. myrhd, miHh, Kath. 2382; Mark 11; 
murhde (mer^pe) Fum. p. VIII, 184 (Hick. thea. 1, 224); 
mnrjpe, murejpe owl and night. 341 & 355; murehde, 
murde (murhpe) La^,. 1794 & 511L; murhde, muruhde 
0. r. 92 & 132; murpe Alis. 1575; via. P. P. 12515; 
murpe (merpe) c. of I. 42; merpe Chauc. C L 768; 
mirthe prompt parv. 339; met. horn. 37. 

murken, .^Saa;. murcian (?), murmur; morkeden (mnr- 
keden) (pret) pa. 105, 26. 

murcnen, ASax. murcnian, pine, Orm. 7785. 

m u r n e , ASax. (un)munie, sad, (pi) L03. 16159; 
Halltw. diet- 567. 

ma men, ASax. muman, OSax. mornian, OHGerm. 
mornen, Goth, mauman, mourn (mum), Mark. 14; a. r. 
310; mume Bob. Br. 20, 16; moroin prompt, parv. 344; 

410 mnnting 

mourns Wicl. John 16; 1 morne (pres.) Chauc. C. t. 3704; 
whi mornes jiou a. s. Wr. 1862; we murne -inet. horn. 36; 
mourae (imperai.) via. P. P. 1337; murnede (pret.) a. r. 
368; moriiede Lag. 3116; fflorniti Eglam. 693; compos. 

murning, ASeux. mumung. motimmg, pr. conac. 1846; 
murninge (dat) owl and night. 1596; Bek. 23. 

murdre, ASax. myrdra? murdererf a. r. 278. 

Biurdren, ASax. rayrdrian, murder, La^.21516i mur- 
pri Fum. p. XXIlI,2i; murpBre vis. P. P. 2192; mirpren 
Orm. 8124; murdredest (pret.) a. r 310; morprid (part.) 
Chauc. C. t. 8601; imorpred Hoh. Glouc. !10, 3. 

murperere murderer, via. P.P. 4347; mordrere Jtfawrf. 

mfls (moua), ASax. Olcel. OHGerm. Lat. rails, mouse, 
via. P. P. 361; Chauc. C. t. 144; mfls, ASax. mjs, (pi) 
mice, owl and night. 87; inise Mand. 291; Wr. a. a. c. 
L VIII, 3 9 ; compos, reremous. 
mfisere mouae-ear, Wr. voc. 140. 

monsfalle, OHGerm. mdsfalla, „muacipida^, prompt, parv. 

muachil, ASax. muscel, muscle, prompt, parv. 348; 
muscles (pi.) P. P. p 626. 

(musel) m08el, OFr. musel, muzzle,' Chauc. C. t. 2158. 

muse(n), OFr. muser, muse, via. P. P. 5839; mused 
(pret) Chauc. C. t. 5453. 

must, ASax. must, OHGerm. most, Lat. mustum, muni, 
Wr. voc. 257; La^. 8723*; via. P. P. 128i2. 

mAd, ASax. mM, OSax. OFris. OHGerm. mund, Gfoth. 
manps, Olcel. To&Sr, munnr, mouth, a. r. 64; rel. (ml. I, 
211; mup Orm. 13868; owl and night. H73; moup Brand. 
8; moupe (dot.) a. s. Wr. 2320. 

muwlen (mowle), 0/cei. mygla ? moul (mould), „nmcor^, 
prompt, parv. 346. 

muwleo, Olael. mygla? ODutch molen? moul, mwcere, 
a. r. 344; mowlin prompt, parv. 346; Chauc. O. t. 4452; 
mowled („moweld") (paH.) pr. conac. 5570; moulid brW 
rel. ant. 1, 86; mfilede pinges a. r. 104*. 

nadre (naddre), ASax. ncedre, OSax. nadra, ffo(A. 
nadrs, Olcel. nadra, nadr, OHOerm. nat(a)i-a, nedder, „aer' 
pens", Skoreh. 104; nadder a. a. Wr. 774; nedre Sob. 
Glouc. 43,11; neddre a. r.S2; Orm. 9759; rel. ant. \, 211; 

nagge 411 

It. gen. 3"3; Gotc. con/, am. S, 118; Mand. 206; nedder 
Chauc. C. t. 9660; neddir prompt, parv. 352; oaddren 
(pi.) Furn. p. VIII, 138; naderes Wr. voc. 255; «ee addere. 

nagge, ODvtch negge, nai], manntta, prompt, parv. 350. 

naht, ASax. neaht, niht, OSax. OHGerm. naht, Goth. 
iiahta, Olcel. n&tt, Lat. nox gen. noctis, Or. vo£ gen. vuxto;, - 
Russ. KO'ib, night (neaght), (twm. ace.) Wr. spec, 34; ps. 
103, 24*; najt Afo^ o. ;). 2, 807; naght /w. 3B97; naht, 
niht Orm. 973 & 1904; oa^t, ni^t at. gen. 76 & 1678; 
niht Kath. 1592; to niht hoc nocte, La^. 709; iiicht rel. 
ant. I, 177; iiijt oicl and night. 334; niht (pL) ckron. 
Engl. 157; seoven niht Lmt^. 20192; feowertene niht 25675; 
fourten nijt Hob. Gloac. 533, 17; bi nihte a. r. 20; bl 
nijte owl and night. 365; a ni3t(e) 21^; nahtes, nihtes 
(gen) Orm. 6492 & 16897; nihtes Kath. 1078; nistea owl 
and night. 238; compos, midniht. 
night-cappe Chauc 0. t. 9727. 
nihtfiiei a. r. 112. 

nihtegale, ASax. nihtegale, OHGerm. nahta-, nahtigala, 
nightingale, Wr. spec. 26; nistegale ret. ant. I, 241; nihte- 
gale, ni^tingale owl and night. 4 &, 1510; nightingale 
Chauc. C. t. 98. 

nihtlic nightly, ps. 90, 5*; nihtliclie (pi.) rel. ant. 1, 131. 
nightmare night-mare, „ephiaUes^, prompt, parv. 356. 

nail, ASax. iiSBg(e)l, OSoic. OHGerm. nagal, Olcel. 
nagl, nogl, OFris. neil, nail, „claws, unguis", prompt parv.' 
350; chron. Engl. 629; neil o. r. 404; nailes (pi.) vis. 
P. P. 3916; Chauc. C. t. 6351; neiles Marh. 19, 33; 
Kath. 2151. 

nailin, J^So^. nteglian, Qoth. (ga)nagljan, nail, „cla- 
vare", prompt paro. 351; naslen Orm. 2100; ineiled 
(part.) a. r. 114. 

nais, Olcel. neiss (contumeliae obnoxtua vd pudiiMndu3)f 
nakid and nais met. horn. 52. 

nait. Olcel. neytr (airenwwt, tuUia)f ctymjpon. unnait. 
naitli? Mar. a. p. 2, 480. 

naite(n), Olcel. neyta, natt, iMe, Mor. a. p. 2, 531; 
Percev. 185; pr. con8c. notes 270; nate Mar. mrr. pi. 139. 

nai tin, Olcel. neita (netjare), ASax. nsetan (affligere), 
Qoth. ganaitjan (oTi^iouv), OHGerm. neizzaa (afiligere, 
alterere)f deny, „negare", prompt parv. 351 ; naiUd (part.) 
apd. 77. 


412 naked 

naked, ASax. nacod, OHGerm. nacoter, mw;hoter, 
Ofcd. noktr, nokkvi3r, Goth, naqaps, naked, a. r. 316; 
Orm. 6164; Brand. 24; vis. P. P. 7745; s. a. Wr. 152. 
nakedhed nuditas. Alia. 7056. 

nakednesse nakedness, Chauc. C. t. 8742. 

nakin, for nakeden, ASax. genacodian, OHGerm. 
kioachaton? nnudare", prompt, parv. 351; nakide (pret.) 
V/iel. gloss. 

name, A~cae. OFris. nama, noma, OSax. Goth. OHGerm. 
namo, Oloel. nafu, name, prompt, paro. 351; Orm. 1831; 
Lidg. m. p. 67; nome La'T, 1961; pene nome a. r. 50; 
bi nome Mark. 2; nomen (yl.) Kath. 271; c. of I. 615; 
compos. tSname. 

nomecOtt yoniOTM, £^afA. 537; a. r. 334. 
nameliche namely, Bek. ai ; C.^awc. Troti. 1304; nomelicbe 
Katk. 21; o. r. 18; nameli „praecipue", prompt, parv. 

namio, A'^ax. (ge)namian, name, „nominare", prompt. 
parv. 351. 

nap, ASax. hoEepp, ODutck nap, OHGerm. bnapf, 
naph,6o«)i, IfOj. 14335; cei. an(. 1, 129; Mapea 343; nep 
o. r. 344; nappes (j^.) rel. songs V, 107. 

nape nape, „cervia!", prompt. p%rv. 351; Alis. 1347. 

nappien (nappin), ASax. hnappian, nap, ^dormUare", 
prompt parv. 351 ; nappi La^. 1219*; nappe vis. P. P. 
3260; napped (pres.) a. r. 324; Chauc. C. t. Tyr. 1695f; 
nappid (paH.) Mar. 109. 

nappiuge, ASax. bnappung, napping, „dormikUio'', 
prompt, parv. 351. 

nam, AS(uc. nearu, OSax. nam, narrow, Orm. 3687; 
Triit. 2, 75; nare Fum. p. VIII, 174; Wr. treat. 139; 
narw j>s. 83, 4; narow, narwe Mand. 45 & 60; „narowe 
(narwe) strictus", prompt, parv. 551; neruh a. r. 144; 
narewe (dot. ace.) La^. 5511; Fum. p. VIII, 171; nar)>e 
stijlieB (pi.) Orm. 9202; narwe, .i^aa-. nearpe, (ado.) vis. 
P. P. 8770; Chauc. C. t 3224; narewe owl and night. 
68; neruwe a. r. 268; neruwure (compar) 430; iierewest 
(nareweat) (eMperZ.^ 50. 
nemhliche narrowly, a. r. 334. 
neruhde angustia, a. r. 378. 

narwen, .^Sixa;. nearpian, narrow. na.rwm\i „a0igms", 
ps. 34, e. 

naee, .ilSoo;. nasu, nosu, OHGerm. naaa,, Ofrts. nose, 


* Dasatinge 413 

OI«el. noe ^. nasar, ODutck neuae, nese, nose, Shoreh. 6 ; 
Gow. conf. am. 1, 99; Amad. Roha. VII, 1; nose Bek. 
2201; Chauc. C. t. 152; s. a. Wr. 2070; lud. Gov. 137; 
neose (noae) £05, 8181; neose Mark. 9; a. r. 100; neae, 
. nose prompt, parv. 354; Dese Mand. 204; /w. 260; pr. 
coTisc. 626; Rob. Br. M. 3, 309; neiae rel. ant. I, 54. 
neasepurl noatril, Marh. var. read. 46; neosepurl relaonga 
V, 235; noaepurl Ghauc. C. t. 569; nesethirl prompt, 
parv. 354. 

naselinge (noselingea) r,aupi7ma", prompt, parv. 358. 

n4pe, Olcd. xik&, OSax. nithe, Oi^Ws. nithe, nide, 
OUGerm. (gi)iiada, ^race, (dat.) Orm. 18362. 

nave. ASax. nafu, ODutck nave, Olcd. nof, OHGerm. 
naba, mave, „moiiiolvs", prompt, parv. 352; Ckauc. G. t. 
7448; nafe Wr. wc. 278. 

navegcr, .dSoa-. nafogsr, MHOerm. nabegSr, awjer, Halliw. 
diet. 572; nauger WV. voc. 170. 

navele, ASax. nafola, OFria. navla, Olcd. nafli, 
OHOerm. nabalo, navel (nawl), Shoreh. 44 ; navele, naule 
Wicl. gloas.; navel Ckauc. C. t. 1959; navil Iw. 1992; 
navil, novil prompt, parv. 360; novil i/ui|^. m. p. 199; 
naul J/^or. a. p. 1, 459. 

ne, ASax. OSax. OFris. Olcd. Goth. OHGerm. ne, ne, 
non, nee: pet we ne bicumen prude a. r. 232; no wunne 
ne Bclial wonten pe 398; pat bit ne forpurde nS.ut Marh. 
5 ; we(n)st pu pat ich ne cunne singe owl and night. 47 ; 
hi ne efi^e no ping Brand. 11; hi ne knfiwe hire apSche 
nojt Bek. 66; per ne was vis. P. P. 351; i ne saugh 
Chauc. 0. t. 766; nam (for ne am) Orm. 10281; a. r. 
38; Chauc. C. t. II24; nabbe Qor ne habbe) Lar^- 7876; 
Kath. 1765; nas (for ne was) Orm. 311; owl and night. 
114; CAdMc. C. (. 120; nes o. r. 38; nftt (7b»- ne wkt) 
Laz. 6243; Orm. 2445; Soccl. I, 329; nflt BcA. 163; 
nulle (for ne wille) La^. 1447; JfarA, ^2, 5; nille a. s. 
Wr. 1768; nelle owl and night. 468; wia. P. P. 3404; ne 
wurde n^n cniht swa wod, ne kempe swa wilde, pat he 
severe speke word La^. 8593; pat 3h6 ne paere shamed 
. . . ne abend Orvt. 1992; pat pei ne b§ hurt ne harmed 
Mand. 245; ne for sorewe ne for wo liek. 63; pat hit 
ne aem(e) nopder ne suteli(e) Marh. 5; ne ne mai nfl, 
ping [•idstonden bis pille Kath. 227; he ne had nouther 
atrenthe ne miglit pr. conac. 465. 

:,, Google 

414 ne • 

bA ()<yr ne ft) no, /to. 716; n6 a. r. 334; c. of I. 1099; 
nuUe ich nft so don Laj. 6239; 3ef |>u ne d^t no Mark. 
7 ; no but it w4re joven to pe from above Wid. John 
19; nd mo Bek. 24; D& m&re La^. 15737; n& more 
harrow. 64; no more Mand. 273; n£ m&re a. r. 96*; 
nft pfi mo Bofc. Glouc. 267, 11; nft, no, neo p6 les £03. 
141, 8033 & 25611; no, neo p€ les ovl arid night. 1395 
& 1365; nft pd les Mand. 14; C/fatM\ C^. t. 4914; neo 
Q6 les Jfari. 13; nfi pg les fiicA. 3812: Gow. conf. am. 
1,4; Wid. John 4 ; no p€ betere owl and night. 283 ; n& 
lengre Orm. 13163; no \eng Brand. 3; ne beo pe dai nft 
swa long La^. 1327; nSre pe voreward nd so strong Rob. 
OloKc. 379, 8; nft, rue, neo (n6) nee, La^. 9680, 13344 
& 13665; nonper heort no hinde no niihte(n) heo nsevere 
ifinde 30568; no Rob. Br. 41, 5; soster no broper Wr. 
p. I. 20B; no nftut 80 bold «. s. Wr. 38; nftn (for n&) 
mdre a. r. 164; non lenger a. a. c. II, 9; i wot not wher 
nfin (for n5, nft?) hou Lidg. m. p. 81. 
nftwer, n6wher, neouwer (for ne fthwer) nowhere, La'T,. 
763, 3301 & 81800; nftwre Mar. mir. pi. 121; nouhwar 
a. r. 134; nfiphar Orm. 3565; Marg. 113; nobj-er Kath. 
1731; nfiwher vis. P. P. 1316; Chauc. C. t. 6B0; nour 
Bob. Olottc. 288, 5. 

nftuper (for ne ftnper) novther (nor), neuter, nee, met. horn. 
18; nop^er Mark. 5, 17 ; (nopper?) Orm. 3124; (nowperV) 
7»«mi. 149; nSwper of hftm 7w. 3230; nouder a. r. 53 
& 360; n6aper of gold nor of silver Mand. 239; n6uder, 
neouder La^. 6972 & 8723; noper owl and night. 1003; 
nober of flfiscb ne of bl6d Wr. treat. 134; noper ... nor 
Ckawc. C. t. 948; noiper lai le fr. 158. 
nohjiider (for ne ohwider) noioh^er, Mark. 9, 33; 
n6unwuder a, r. 424. 

nftwiht, nftht, nfiht (for ne ftwiht) nought (not), Xas- 209, 
473 & 6129; nftpint, nftpt, nftut Jtfat-A. 5 & 7; nolde he 
nftpiht l^^ben Orm. 10351 ; n6wiht, ndut (n&nt, nftwt) 
a. r. 86 & 144; noht (noht?) harrow. 60 & 109; noht 
tat Crist nia3 cpSmen Orm. 13117; god ne mihte noht 
pa belles heren ringen 910; nftught Rich. 5678; n&ught, 
nought, nat, not Chauc. C. t. 746, 768, 791 & 13349; 
nost (no3t?) Brand. 3; for nost Rob. Glouc. 449, 11; 
noght vis. P. P. 1907; noght, noujt, nout s. s. R^r. 53, 
209 iS; 210; be it nSugbt so lite Gow. conf. am. 1, 174. 


nfti (for ne fl.i) nay, Kath. 777; a. r. 370; owl and n^ht. 
i64; Shoreh. 169; Ito. 1152; Jl/and. 292; Chauc. 6. t. 
1669; TPiW. John 20; nsei ia3. 13132; naj Orm. 10285. 
nfiiper ^or ne eiper) neither, „n€uter", prompt. poT-f. 352; 
vii. P. P. 2342; neiper of ua Chauc. C. t 1137; me list 
not tfl whispre neiper to roune Lidg. at. of Th. 695. 
ntefre (for ne sefre) never, Orm. 6940 ; nsevre, nievere 
Laj. 3104 & 26263; n^vre rel. arU. 1, 209; Brant/. 3; 
nevere vis. P. P. 24; neavere Kath. 126; never mo Itek. 
2039; nSver more a. r. 88; nfiver pe lease 218; ne b(e)o 
pe song n^ver so murie owl and night. 345; pow he bfi 
nevir so wilde Eglam. 708; n6r Wr. spec. 36 & 102. 
nftn (jor ne An) none, La^. 26015; Kath. 124; nftn man 
owl and nighf. 1537; )idn(e) hSte ttr. treat. 135; n&ues 
(gen. m.) La^. 267S4; Kath. 975; nfine (dat. m.) toj. 
24624; none a. c. 68 ; nfire ((fa(. f.) Lot,. 2 4626; nAnne (ace, 
m.) Fum p. VIII, 60; owl and night. 810; nsenne, nenne 
(nfljine) La^. 9862 A 26753; nfinne a. »•. 96; none (ace 
f.) Funi. p. VIII, 119; none (pi.) a. r. 168; none ©per 
elopes nadde he on Brand. 29; i nftne d4pe sinnes Orm.- 
12839; n& no, LaT,. 26378; Iw. 600; no man Bek. 272; 
no ping. a. r. 120. 

nif (;for ne if? cmp. OHGerm. nibn, Go*A. niba nistj 
urdtsa, Gaw. glos^.; Mor. a. p. 2, 424; norf ant. Arth. 
IX, 4. 

nead („neod"), A8ax. nead, nfid, njd, OFris. nfid, 
OSaar. nSd, OHGerm. not, OiceL naud, weed, Z03. 5282; 
Bek. 874; jif hit neod is a. r. 80; nM O»v».906; t hadde 
al pat me was n6d Mapes 335; neode ow/ amJ mtpAt 904; 
n€de „?iecessi*as", prompt, parv. 362; neede Vhauc. C. t. 
8337; nfide foc«:^ ww. P. P. 4608; Mand. 82; neode Loj. 
9626; c. 0/ i. 19; neade (afcioi^ needs, Shoreh. 138; nSde 
Orm. 13558; Fum. p. XVII, 392; he mot nflde bfiien 
L03. 1051; nSdes Chauc. C. t. 1292. 
neodful a. r. 260; n4dful at. gen. 2130. 
neodtes BeA. 1 662. 

n^dli, ASax. njdlice, needly, neceaaario, Iw. 1184j pr. 
cojiac. 2864. 

n^dunge (n^dlunge), .^iSotr. iieadanga,neceMan'o, JIfarA. 
14, 22; n6dlunge a. r. 190; nSdelingis mi Arth. F. 753; 
n^delonges Amad. Hobs. XII, 1. 

neat (neetX 4S(kc. neat, Olcel. naut, OHGerm. n6z, 


from neoten, nttjA (nawt, noiet), „boi", prompt, parv. 354; 
Odov. 927; nout ps. 143, 14; nopt Orm. 1298; ii^te (ifolj 
hv. 262; n^te (pi.) Boh. Br. tl7, 28; nfite (iiiete) L03. 
369; neet st. gen. 2097; naute Amad. Bobs. XV, 8. 
neethirde „&w6Wc««", prompt. parcSJH; neethurde Chavc. 
a t. 367. 

neb, ASax. nebb, ODvtck nebbe, Olcel, nef, «fi, „r(w- 
(rwm", prompt, parv. 352 ; T-ei. ant. 1,124; Wart. hist. 1, 2J ; 
Flor. (ilS; his neb £ his neose La^. 6181; scheau pi neb 
to me „ostende miki faciem", a. r. 90; nebbe (datj 276. 

necke, A8asc. hiiecca, OFrU. haecka, Olcel. hnakki 
neck, La^. 687; Mark. 12; a. r. 322; <ncl and night. 122; 
Bek. 2202; nekke prompt, ■parv. 352; Jlfawrf. 48; wis. P. P. 
2742; tAauc. C. t. 238. 
neckebou ^Zi«. 2336. 

nedeii (nMin), ASax. nMan, njdan, //-ont nead, need, 
cofitpellere, „egere", prompt parv. 352; Orm. 11820; pe 
veoud ne mei nSden nenne moii to don sunne a. r. 304; 
all pat h€m nSdep Mand. 241; perof nSdep nought to 
speke Chavc. C. t. 464; nMep (nttdep) vie. P. P. 8728 
(Wart. hist. 2, 79); nfidde (prel.) Mor. a. p. 1, 1043; 
nMden La^. 4048; compos. inSden, 

nddi, ASax. nedig, needy, Fvm. p. V^. 58; wis. P. P. 
4613; lud. Cov. 127. 

nfidle, ASax. na;dl, OFris. n%d\&, Ooth.a&pla, OEGerm. 
n&d(e)la, needle (neeld), prompt, parv. 352; Orm. 6341; 
vis. F. P. 7745; nelde a. r. 324. 

nfidlere needier, vis. P. P. 3112. 

nefe, Olcel. hnefi, neaf (neif), fat, Percev. 2087 1 neeve 
Flor. 1636. ^ 

n^sen, ASax. nSgan? compos. anSyen. 

n^jen, ASax. hnsegan, neigh, „hinnire", WicL gloss. 
30; nfiyin prompt, parv. 352; nSide (pret.) Bob. Oltuv. 
459, 4. 

neh. ASax. nSh. neah, OFrw. n6i, OSax. OBOerm. 
nAh, 07ce(. n£, Goth, nghv, nijA, „prope", Mark. 6, 26; 
Or»i. 13537; Wi-. spfc. 34; n^h him ^,03. 1989; 1163 Jit. 
gen. 1234; I. c. c. 34; n63 pan ende Brand. 33; n6ih 
a. r. fiO; Chauc. C. t. 1528; pat stood me neih c. 0/ (. 
370; n^igh vis. P. P. 1647; it was oSigh d6d laile fr. 
198; hit is nSi v!f s^r Roh. Olouc. 195, 7; nfehi Bofc. jBr. 
203, 1 9 ; nigh Mand. 44 ; s. s. Wr. 3185 ; nl (n6i) prowij>(. 

n^hen 417 

parv. 355; nie^ ayenh. 212; neor (compar.) neitr, propivs, 
La^. 6484; and come neor and neor Alis. 599; ner Wr. 
treat. 133; 6ow. conf. am. 3, 212; Chauc. C. t. 841; nis 
heom perfore harm no p§ a^r owl and night. 1258; neer 
vis. P. P. 10938; n^rre propior, Orm. 15691; pe nerre 
half Wr. treat. 133; n4at (superl.J neest (next), „proximvji'* , 
prompt, parv. 354; Orm. 1054; st. gen. 3921; his nSxte 
cun Laz- 22837; pe nexte Wr. treat. 132; pe nfixte wike 
via. P. P. 8349; pe nSxte wai m. AHh. F. 278; n^ghest 
proxime, pr. consc. 2920; n^xt a. r. 334; next pe grounde 
Wr. treat. 132. 

ii^ihebar, ASax. neahgebar, neighhour, a. r, 368; nSgb- 
ebur pr. cor 5863; nfiighebour Chaac 0. t 537; nSgh- 
ebor «w. P. P. 2659. 

neMecben approach; nSihleched (pree.) rel. ant. i, 131; 
a. r. 60; nehlehte (pret.) LaT,. 5267. 
nSwist, ASax. nea(h)pest, OHGerm. nihwist, vicinity, pre- 
sence: heo comen hire a neweste La^- 3507; a neoweste 
pan stSne 17426; his cun pe was a neoste 13247; he 
com a nfiuste 25752. 

nehen (n^ihen), OHGerm. n^hen, Goth. nShvjan, neigh 
(nigh), approach, a. r. 134; nfibe mrt, h<ym. 17; nfijhen 
Orm. 4491; neghen wis. P. P. 11486; ngi3en Mapes 345; 
nSighe Mand. 241; neghe pr. consc. 1208; nigbe m. Arth. 
F. 2832; ngihede (pret) a. r. 134; neghede vis. P. P. 
14388; ngghid s. s. Wr. 950; nighed THo.m. 1512. 

nemnen, ASax. nemnan, OHQerm. nemnan, nemman, 
nennan, Goth, namnjan, OIceL nefna, navie, nominate, 
Orm. 157; nemnen (nemni) £03. 2910; nemne Wr. spec. 
113; cr. P. P. 939; nemni Wr. treat. 132; nempnen 
c. of I. 299; nempne vis. P. P. 12998; nemmen a. r. 
198; navene Hartsh. m. t. 83; Rob. Br. 33, 20; Mar. 115; hid. Gov. 173; (nevioe) Triam. 6; nevene 
Cpres.) Isumb. 27; nevens pr. consc. 969; nemned a. r. 
10; nemde (pret) 138; AHh. and Merl. 9379; nSemde, 
nemnede i^uj. 6005 & 29621; nemnede rel. ant. 1, 131; 
Brand. 3; A. s. 2287; compos, inemnen, 

neode, Abax. neod, OSax. niud, OHGerm. niot, de- 
sire? La^. 25686; compos, unneod? 

neodllche, ASax. neodlrce, OSax. niudlico, diligently? h6 
ffirden alle nihte neodllche awide Laj. 26923; ant heom 
i folhi neodelukest Mark. 13. 

:, Google 

41 d heot«n 

neoten (nSten), ASax. neotac, OSax. niotan, Oleel. 
niota, Goth, niutau, OHGerm. uiozan, enjoy, frui, rd. out 
1, 222; deriv. neat, uote, nut. 

nepe, A8ax. neepe(?), Olcfl. nsepa, neep, rapef Wr. 
HOC. 191; prompt, parv. 358. 

n 6 r e , ODutch niere, OHGerm. niero, Olcd. njro, 
neer (neir), „ren", Wr. voc. 186 ; I. c. c. 62; neere prompL 
parv. 353; neeres f,renea", ps. 25, 2; compos. kidnSre. 

nesche, ASax. hnesce, ODutch uesch, Goth, hnasqus, 
neah, mollis, tener, a. r. 134; oal and night 1E44; Wr. 
treat. 138; Alie. 915; Shoreh. 146; Jfdinrf. 303; s. a. H'eJ. 
732; neshe Orm. 995; ^r, ciwiec. 614; L a. c. 33; aescb 
Mor. a. p. 1, 605; nesh Ckauc. c.l. 1092; Mar. 128. 

neschin, ASax. hnescian, makt neah, moUire, prompt, 
parv. 353 ; neshen Orm. 1 5909 ; neached (part^ pa. 64, 22, 

n^sin, Olcel. hniosa, OHGei-m. niusan, ODutch niesen, 
neese, „atemulare", prompt, parv. 864. 

nest, ASax. OIlGerm. 'a^i,7iat,„nidKa", prompt. pan. 
854; a. r. 134; owl and night. 100; Chauc 0. t. 14910. 

DestOD, ASax. niatiao, neat, niduiari; nested (prea.) 
a. r. 132. 

nestlin, ASax. nesttian, nestle, nnidificare", prompt, 
parv. 354; nestlen Hoccl. 1, 288. 

neatling nestling; nestlingea (pi.) dtp. of R. 17, 10. 

net, ASax. OSax. nett (net), Olael. net, Goth, nati, 
OJIOerm. nezi, net, „rete", Fum. p. XVII, 157; nett 
prompt, parv. 354; Orm. 13474; Mand. 116; nettes (pi) 
La^. 29251; a. r. 334. 

netle, j^Snar. netele, OHGerm. nezila, nettle, Wr. voc 
139; Lidg. m. p. 171; netlen (pi) ayenb. 230; netles h. a. 

netlin. Germ, neszeln, ntttle, prompt, parv. 356. 

neve, ASax. nefa, OHGerm. nefo, Oi^ris. neva, t>7cei. 
nefi, OFr. nevou, nevy (nephew), nnepos", prompt, parv. 
355; at. gen,72i; nevu ayenb.iS; n&YBM Degree. 2S ; nevou 
Jio6. Br. 100, 26. 

n e w e , ^ >- aa. neoje, niwe, OSax. niwi, OHGerm. 
ni(u)wer, OF ria. nie, wotft. niujia, Olcel njr, Zat. noTua, 
San«c. nSni, Buas. uobuS, Gn v^0(, neu>, Kath. 2187; >t 
ff^ 1286; c. o//. 7S0; »m. P. F. 3131; CAawc. C t 
8733; a. a. Wr. 1489; nepe (niej^) Fum. p. VIII, 156 
(Hick. thes. 1, 223^; ayenb. 97;"newe, niwe Bob. Qlouc 


nepen 419 

217, 12 & 517, 24; nepe, nep, neop Orm. 8447, 7245 & 

11030; Qiwe Shoreh. 163; neowe a. r. Sj neowe (neuwe) 

La3.2675; nue (niue?) prompt, parv. 360; HV. fo-eot. 133; 

newes ('yen. n.) at. gen. 250; newe anew. Gate, gloas. 400. 

ueowcumeQ new-come, La^. 8662. 

uewefangel new-fcmgle, Ctow. conf. am. 2, 273; Ckauc. 

a t. 10932. 

ueowelrche newly, a. r. 218; newehche Arth. and Merl. 

4658; neuli rel. ant. I, 146; Bob. Br. 67, 18. 

nepen, ASax. neopan, shortly, Orm. 173 & 7129; 
neowen, neouwen La^. 3591 & 20683. 

newen, ASax. neopian, nipian, OHOetm. iii(u)won, 
new, novare, Wid. gloss.; aewe Chauc. Tr<n^3164; nowed 
(pres.) rel. ant. I, 210; newed (fret.) pr. consc. 7460; 
iuewed (part.) ayenb. 107; compos, anewen. 

nice, OFr. nice, nice, foolish, „wie*'a", prompt, parv. 
355; Shoreh 46; a. s. Web. 4J2; Hoccl. 1, 204; nice 
sightes vis. P. P 10861; of nice conscience Chauc. C. U 
400; pat we bSn wi8(e) and no ping nice 6520; nlae 
Mor. a. p. 2, 824; m. AhL F. 3010; Lidg. m. p. 202. 

nifte, ASax. OFris. OHOerm. nift. Lot. neptis, niece, 
prompt, parv. 355; st. gen. 1386. 

niggard, Swed. njugger? niggard, prompL parv. 355; 
vis. P. P. 9898; Chaw. C. t. 5918. 

n i 3 e n , ASax. nigon, OSax. OFria. nigan, Ooth. OHGerm. 
niun, Olcel. niu, Lot. novem, Ir. Gael, naoi, nine, Trial. 
1, 34; ni3hen Orm. 1051; nien Iw. 402; nise Wr. spec 
37; nie, niene a. r. 30 & 326; nine vis. P. P. 700; neglien * 
pr. consc. 729; neghe Ocfeiw. 650; neoje Wr. treat. 134. 
nisentSne ntnfiteen, La^,. 1850; neosentSae J*'wm. ^ 
XJII, 82. 

neojenteope nineteenth, Fum. p. XIII., 351. 
m3eiiti ninety, st. gen. 1027. 

ni^ede, ASax. nigoda, OSax. nigunda, Goth, niunda, 
ninth, Fum. p. VIII, 170; nisede, niede a. r. 198 &236; 
neogepe Bek. 617; nisbende Orm. 4488; nejende a^eni. 
10; tihoreh. 100; neghend j»r, c(»m3. 3988; nlnpe iru. 
P, P. 9545; A. a. 2906. 

n i k i r , ASax. nicor, ODutch niker, water-spirit, nsirenf*, 
prompt, parv. 356i nikerea (pi) La^,- 21746; Rob. Br. 
M. a, 305; nikeren ayenh. 61. 

uikken, ODutch nicken, OHQerm. niccben, nod; nicke 


430 nimel 

(pres.) Wr. spec. 32; nicked a. r. 308; nikkea Percen. 
1024; nikked (pref.J Gaw. gloss. 

nimel (nimilj, ASax. nemol (?), nimble, ncapax", priymp. 
parv. 366; Halliw. diet. S78; nemel Lidg. m. p. 168, 

nimen, ASax. niman, neoman, OSax. Goih. niman, 
OHGerm. nenaan, Olcel. nema, nim, take, La'T,. 993; Kaih. 
2148; Orm. 2910; c. of I. 547; st. gen. 1042; vis. P. P. 
8774; s. e. Weh. 1430; (nimin) prmnpt. parv. 356; nime 
owl and night, 1095; Wr. treat. 139; neme Rick. 3876; 
neomen Mark. S; nimed (pj-es.) a, r, 6; nam (pret.) af, 
jCTi. 200; Gow. con/, am. 1, 212; s. s. Wr. 461; nam, nom 
iTtrtA. 910 & 1023; nom a. r. 230; a. o/ i. 917; Befc. 
1095; Degrev. 126; pou nome s. s. We6. 277; nimen 
EoA. £r. j»-e/ 98; nomen Fum. p. XXIV, 104; s. s. Wr. 
317; -Min. 43; ndme (suhj.) st. gen. 3341; numen (part.) 
Onn. 6940; st. gen. 409; nomen i/a«ei. 2265; Chauc. 
Troil. 6884; Triain. 1181; nome s. ». TPr. 2680; compos. 
bi-, i-, over-, up-, Htnimen. 

nip, Dan. nip („det yderste af noget") Molb. ordb., nip, 
topf out of pe nippe of pe norp vis. P. P. 12402. 

n i p 6 n , ASax. hnipian, MHGerm. nipfen, sink : p& 
sunne gon to nipen La^. 31734. 

nlpen, ODutck nlpen (nijpen), nip, pinch, prompt 
parv. 367. 

nite, ASax. hnitn, ODutah nete, OHGerm. niz, nit, 
nlem", prompt, para. 357; Wr. voc. 190; nete 177 ; nites 
.(P^-) P*"- conac. 651. 

nlten (nite), Olcel. nita, nite, deny, Gaw. gloss.; nite 
(pres. subj.) met. horn. 137; nitte (pret.) 50, 

nid, ASax. nid m. (nisua, contentio, tribidatio, invidia, 
negtiitia) Grein's gloss., OSax. nith (impetus, contentio, in- 
vidia, malitia) Sckm. gloss., OHOemt. nid (invidia, iniqui- 
tas) Graff's aprach. 2, 1031, Olcel. nid n. (contumelia, mo- 
lotto) Egilss. lex., Goth, neip (tp&dvo;), coniention, envy, 
malice, a. r. 404; nid and win rel. aiU. 1, 213; nid and 
strlf a(. gen. 373; nip Orm. 123; nip and wrake owl and 
night 1192; nipe (dat.) La^- 3934*; s. a. Weh. 1205; 
Amis 208; of nipe ant of onde Wr. p. s. 312; ine . . . 
wrSpe and nipe Shoreh. 156. 
nldcraft laj. 7116. 

nipemeBt, ASax. nidemest, nethmist, mjimus, Wr. treat. 


niden 421 

niden, neden, ASax. nidan, neodante), Olcel. nedaii, 
OSax. nitbana, OHQerm. uidaiia, neath (neth), infra; 
compos, bineden. 

nlden (nlpe), OHQerm. niden, strive, envy, „aemiilari"- 
ps. 36, 8; nidede (pret.) at. gen. 1521. 

nider, ASax. nidor, neodor, OSax. nithar, Olcel, nidr, 
OHGerm. nidar, down, deoraum: nider b& heolden L03. 
3182; falle nider ret. ant. 1, 223; ne parp [>u me nS.ft 
neoder ints helle Mark. 17, 21; sal gltden on his br§8t(e) 
neder s(. gen. 870. 
niderward reL ant. I, 221. 

nidere, ASax. nidera, neodera, OHQerm. nidaro, 
nether, inferior: his nipere cheoke Marg. 160; pe ni]ier(e) 
ende Brand. 24; nej>er(e) Triat. 2, 32; pe nepere lippe 
Wr. voc. 146; neodere a. r. 332. 

nideren (nipren), ASax. niderian, Olcel. nldra, 
OHGerm. niderren, pvi down, humble, Orm. 13966; neo- 
dered (part.) La^. 29992; compos, anideren. 

niding, ASax. niding, Olcel. nidingr, miser, wrett^, 
villain, LaT,. 690; niping ayenb. 139; Horn 204; Alis. 
2054; Isuntb. 23; Aud. 16. 

nivelen mivel,- a. r. 212 & 240; 1 nifle rd. ant. 2, 
211; nevelinge wip pe nose via. P. P. 2741. 

n6bie, Fr. noble, noble, a. r. 166. 

noj, Doh, Olcel. nogr; com-pos. inoh. 

noise, OFr. noise, noise, a. r. 66; Wr. treat. 135. 

nok nook, Havel. 820; n6k(e) (dot.) Mor. a. p. 3, 278; 
of pe ndke „anguli", jga. 117, 22; he hSId pe lettre bl pe 
n6ke Degrev. 165; nokes (pi.) Min. 26. 

nokke, ODutck nocke, notch, prompt, parv. 357. 

nol, ASax. hnoU, OHQerm. hnol, noil, head, „vertex", 
Wr. voc. 87; Wicl. gloss. 31; (nolle) prompt, parv. 357; 
dep. of B. 5, 4; nolle (dat) Wr. p. a. 157. 

non, ASax. non, Lat. nona (acii. hora), moon, La^. 

nonne, ASax. nunne, Lat. nonna, nun, Gow. conf. am. 
3, 281; Ghaxic C. t. 118; nunne met. horn. 164. 

noppe, ASax. hnoppa (?), ODutck Dan. noppe, nap, 
„vUlua", prompt, parv. 358. 

norice, Fr. nourrice, nurse, prompt parv. 358; Fum. 
p. XIII, 135; norise Mar. mir. pi. 141 ; norische HaUito. 
diet. 581. 


432 noriBcbin 

norischi(D) nourish, BeJe. 1874; norschin (norishen) 
prompt, parv. 368; narist (part) pr. coiue. 419ft. 

n o r a (north^ A8ax. noi^, OFria. north, nord, OHOerm. 
nord, north, ^septetitrio''', prompt, parv. 358; Chauc C. t 
4013 £ 5368 ; north (norht) ps. 8S, 13; & droh him rihtes 
nord La^. 2659; shS Idkede norp Hasd. 1255; ic wile 
. . . T"i" sSte nord on hevene maken sL gen. 278; bl 
norde 1*13. 21043; hi Dorp(e) Alia. 161. 
norpdsle Omt. 16412. 
norpende Heced. 734. 
norphalf Shoreh. 149; Wr. treat 137. 
norpsee Ftim. p. XIIT, 17. 
norpdde Fura. p. XVII, 350. 
norpward Bek. 1127; Ghavc. C. t. 1911. 

norden, ASax. OIceL norSs^n (a septemtrione), OHOerm. 
nordan (geptenlrio)f hi norden (for norde?) La^ 21805. 
norpenlight Ckauc. C. t. 1989. 

norder, OIceL. nordr, nordar? p& f€rde pe Hng Dordur 
(norper) mi La^. 2674. 

norpern, A^ax. nordem, northern, Rob. Br. M. 3, 823; 
pat nordeme Tolc Z^3.31333; norpemewind Wr.spechX. 

not, ASax. hnot, Tiot, akom, Ckauc C. t. 109. 

note, ^03;. notn {tMws, offieiwm), OFria. note (fructuB), 
from neoten, note, tinw, „op*Mf, prompt, parv. 359; Fwn. 
p. XIX, 53; ayenh. 159; Shoreh. 36; «. s. Wth. 992; 
C&ron. .^Z. 434; Rich. 2651; CAouc. (7. t. 4066; h. s. 
2073; Mor. a. p. S, 381; ilfar. mir. pL 123; is in pe 4m 
&per note hUte pa havest schille prote owl and night. 557 ; 
note and frame Wr. spec. 71. 

notien, ASax. notian, note, vti, vesci, a. r. 106; notie 
Shoreh. 21; noten st. gen. 3144; notun prompt. jjofT. 359; 
note h. s. 2602; note (pre^.) Rick. 5604; pu note8tf?rm, 
12228; inoted (paH.) La-T,. 30603. 

nope, ASax. nod, OHOerm. nand (audacia, temerUas)1 
Shoreh. 111. 

nu (na?), ASax.OSax. Olcd. Ooth. OHOerm. no, note, 
Kath. 515; a. r. 114; owZ and night. 46; st ^en. 379; 
Wr. p. a. 257; til nu Orm. 14066; nu 5U, OHOerm. 
nu (g)iu, 9291; nu den JtfarA. 13, U & 21, 30; nu pe 
Fum. p. VIII, 5; nu de La^. 29863; Katk. 2120; nou 
Wr. treat. 135 : Havel. 120 ; vis. P. P. 876; non pe Otaws. 
C. t. 464; Mor. a. p. 3, 414. 


nubt 423 

nuht, ASatr. genyht, OHQerm. ginuht (ahvndantia). 
nahtsom (neghtsom), ASax. genyhteum, OHQerm. ginuht- 
sam, ahundnnt, pa. 98, 8. 

nulit8ome(Ti), ASax. genyhtsumian, abound, ps. 64, 14, 
neghtsomnes, ASax. genyhtsumneHB, abundance, ps. 129,4. 

Duscbe (nOTiche), OHGerm. uuBCa (fibula, monile), 
(ii)ouch, ntnoniU", prompt, pan). 359; nouches (pl.J Ckauc. 
a L 8258. 

nut, ASax. nyt, Olcel. nytr, OHGerm. nuzzer, uaxfvl, 
La^. 9470; compos, unniit 

nute, ASax. hnut, OTcel. hnot, Dutch not, OHGerm. 
hmiz,nvt; note prompt, parv. 3^9; Havel. 419; Alis.S293^ 
nhote ayenb. 143; nutes (pi.) «t. gen. 3840; notes B^. 
1203; compos, hasel-, walnote. 

nuttehakke (nothak) nuthatch, ,^icue'', prompt, parv. 359 ; 
nuthak(k)e sq. of I. deg. 55. 

notemigge nutmeg, prompt, parv. 359; notemugge Alis. 
nutescale L03. 29268; nutteshale Gixw. conf. am. 2, 20. 

ndten, ASax. n^n, cattle, pecua, Wr. voc. 90j nfltene 
(pi.) L03. 341. 

nut ten, AStx. nyttian, ODutch nutten, OHGerm. 
nuzzan, u»e, a. r. 370; nitten Orm. 55)3; riitte Havel. 
941; nutted (prea.) rel. ant. 1, 132; ^ef M nutted hare 
nome Mark. 1. 

6, QoOi. MHGerm. 6, oh, Kalft. 1458; a. r. 54; ayenb. 

oc, Olcd. ok (et), and; Orm. 1216; (= ac?) but, at. 
gen. 213; oc he flfid fro him rd. ant. 1, 212; ok Fum. 
p. Ill, 7 ; oc (6c = 6c?) also, st. gen. 54 ; and oc it ma- 
ked his esen brist reL ant. 1, 2i0; ok (r. w. bok) Havel. 

odde, OIoeL oddi (ulige tal) Fritzner's ordb., Swed. 
udda (impar) lAndf. lex., odd, „vmpa.r", prompt, parv. 362 ; 
Mor. a. p. 2, 426; odd(e) or even Oow. conf. am. 3, 138. 

of, ASax. OFris. of, af, Olcel. af (of?), OSax. Goth. 
af, OHGerm. aha.. Or. OTtd, Lat. ah? of: \>k he sculde oi 
Jive wende Los- 6851; & brteid bine of his stede 26777 
ar&s of dead(e) Kath. 337; heo wolden kecchen of pe a 
pet pu hefdest a. r. 324; Wawain hem tok pe knave o 
ArOi. and Med. 7826; alflaed ... of bende Fum. p. VIII, 
68; pu most of londe fleo owl and night. 1302; pe king 


434 of 

Uhte of his et^de Horn 51; pe ISres fallen of I>e tret 
Ell. rom. 1, 269; pe stude pet pe of feollen Mark. 17; 
& bicom of engel atebch deovel a. r. 62; .ich volde )et 
beo w6ren of alio, alse heo beod of ou . . . iholden 18; 
ich bi^et hit ipriten of Be pritore Mark. 2 ; pe ddine pat 
(pe) ic eop 6r of sSde Fum. p. VIII, 79 ; peo preo sun- 
nen pet ich spec of last a. r. 56; pane gode mon pat of 
30 feole pinge con owl and night. 1770; & man of god 
inwit of alle pulke him mai sk^re Wr. treat. 153; he 
borwed of me vis. P. P. 2187; itend of prMde Kalh.lJi^; 
eaples of irne 2209; al pat gdd of pisse londe La^. 999; 
pe ord of pan aworde 18094; pe ende of pe tale a. r. 
72; deien of hungre 342; ponked him of his geoye 44; 
to wamie wummen of hfire fol €ien 54; heo is gulti of 
pe bestes deade 58; to bere witnisse of pis falshsde Beh 
1117; k 3ung mon of priti ^eren Lar,. 377; 4 king of 
muche miht c. oj. I. 275; ful of witte 400; and jit is 
more wonder . . . of pe child pat laaye of tolde 646; it 
was ten of pe clokke Chauc. C t 4434; of olde Abraham 
and Sarra st. gen. 1196; bringe o dawe lud. Cov. 291; 
af Ealliw. diet. 24 ; a Rich. 973 ; compos, hfir-, hwar-, parof. 
offtschen a^i, inquire; of-fischte ('pj-etj Fum. p. XIII, 343. 
ofbtten, OHGerm. abablzan, bite off; ofbot (ms. of hot) 
(pret) St. gen. 2926. 

ofclepen call for; ofclepip (pres.) Alia. 1810. 
ofcpellen kUl, Orm. 8104. 

ofcnappen, Swed. afkappa, chap off; ofchappid (part.) 
Rich. 4550. 

ofdneden afray; ofdred (part.) La-^. 8425 ; a. r. 178; 
Orm. 7925; st. gen. 3955; ne beo pu n&piht of-dred Katk. 
674; ofdrad owl and night. 1148; s. s. Web. 903. 
ofdrawen, Svied. afdraga, draw off, a. r. 392. 
ofdmnkien drench; ofdninked (part) Orm. 6793. 
ofdruncnen drown; ofdruncnep (pres) Orm. 14611. 
ofearnen earn, Kath. 2167; ofeamed (prea) a. r. 194. 
offal, Olcel. afFall, ODutck afval, offal, prompt, parv. 862; 
I. c. c. 29. 

offeren terrify, a. r. 230; offere Shorek. 129; offered, 
offered (pari) Laz- 5270 & 15491; offeared Kath. 669; 
h. m. 43; ofFerd at. gen. 2844. 

afEraine(n) ask, Hdliw. diet. 26; af^ained (pr^-) via. 
P. P. 11365. 


of 426 

ofFuUen Jill; of-fulled (part.) La^. 20438. 

offurhten frighten; o&rht (part) La-T,. 12113; offruht 

Kath. 669; offrist rd. ant. 1, 226; st. gen. 3692. 

ofgOn obtain, win, a. r. 390; Furn. p. XVIII, 21; vie. 

P. F. 8382. 

ofgd,sten agaat: so sSre hi were ofgfi:Ste Fum. p. XIII, 212. 

ofjiten perceive, ioj. 25777. 

ofhalden (ofbealde, ofhialde) retain, ayenh. 9 & 24. 

ofhungren grow hungry; ofhungred (part.) a. r. 376; 

Amis 1908; (ofhungret) Kath. 1030; atingred Brand. 19; 

Wr. p. s. 342; vis. P. P. 4836. 

ofkennen beget, gignere; of-kende (pret.) rel. songs IV, 42. 

oflongen long, desiderio leneri: mfier pe ic wes oflonged 

L03. 19034; aD(d) sit and sihd wel s6re of-longed owl 

and night. 1585. 

ofluaten, ASax, oflystan, list, cvptdidate teneri: pfi,we8 he 

. . , oflust after deores flEesce Lo.'t,. 30554. 

ofrSche(n) reach, attain, Rob. Glowo. 285, 6. 

oMve(ii) rive, pr. consc. 7379. 

of8ake(n), ASax. ofsacan (denegare), Olcel, afsaka (tmd- 

skylde), deny, Fum. p. XV, 60. 

ofschamen shame, pudore afficere; of-(8)chamed (part.) owl 

and night. 932; Shoreh. 160; ofsamed Rob. Olouc. 342, 1. 

ofshrfiden shred or cut off, Qme. conf. am 1, 138. 

of84ch6(n), OJcei. of sGBkja ? seek, Fum. p. XI, 13; ofsSched 

(pres.) a. r. 232; ofsost (part) Rob. Olouc 14.5, 6. 

oisSn, ASax. ofseon, OHGerm. obesehan? see, perceive; 

ofsei (pret) Hartah. m. t. 269; rel. ani. 2, 272. 

ofsenden (ofsende), send for, Bob. Glouc. 122, 21; Alia. 

600; Shoreh. 41; s. s. Web. 704; ofsende (pres. subj) 

La'T,. 15748. 

ofslean, ASax. ofslean, Ooth. afslahan (aitoXTSi'vsiv), slay, 

occidere, La-r,. 685; ofsloh (pret) 2659; of-slasen, of-sla- 

wen (part) 75 & 8445; of-slasen st. gen. 4077; of-8lahe 

owl and night. 1609. 

ofsmiten smile off; oi-soihi (pret) La^,. 26071; olsmoot 

Ghauc. C. t. 13670; ofsmite (part) chron. Engl. 1036; 

ofiBmite Bdc. 2227. 

ofspring, ASax. ofspring, offspring, Fum. p. VIII, 105; 

Brand. 3; c. of I. 1484; ofsprung a. r. 5i. 

of-stingen stab, perculere, La^. 5034; of-atungen (part) 



4S6 of 

of8tripe(n) strip off, Rich. 3399; he strepep of pe bridel 

Chauc C. t. 4061; U atrapten his dflpee of Bek. 2125. 

ofawippen strike off, La-tj. 878; ofawipte 8184; & spipte 

hire of pat heaved Kaih. 2485. 

oftaken take, Lan^. 21330; oftake Bek. 53; ayetih. 43; 

OctOTi. 1625; oftok (pret.) Horn 1241; (oftook) BtcA. 4367 ; 

oftoken a. r 244. 

ofteonen vex, irritate; oft(e)oned (part.) owl and night. 

365; oftiened ayenb. 66. 

ofpunchen (ofpiDche), A8ax. ofpyncan, ODvich ofdinken, 

digplease, repent, Ftum p. VIII, 103; ofpunched, ofpin- 

ched (apinchep) (pres.) iaj. 3364 & 13590; sore ofpitjiep 

it me Hob. Glou/:. 54, 13; ofpunche (svhj.) a. r. U8; of- 

Pll3te (prel.) ov>l and night. 397; pet him of-puhte (of- 

pohte) 8£ere Z-nj. 20903. 

ofpursten grow thirsty f ofpuirst, ASate. ofpyrsted, (part^ 

a. r. 240; afurat (/or afpurst?) Horn 1120; vis. P. P. 

6719; aferst HaUiw. did. 29. 

ofwaken awake: he ofwok Arth. and Mfrl. 3810. 

ofw6ve(n) waive or throw off, Bek. 963. 

of, OFris. ODutck of (aut)f orf Mis. 667; vis. P. P. 

oft, ASacc OSax. oft, OHQerm. ofto, QoOi. ufta, Olcd. 
opt, oft (often), Fvm. p. VIII, 11; owl and night. 763; 
ofte La^. 622; Mark. 16, 8; a. r. 68; Orm. 9016; Bat. 
15; vie. P. P. 919; Lidg. m. p. 6; ofte, often Ckauc. 
C. t 312 & 4698; oftur (cwnpar^ a. r-. 284; ofter via. 
P. P. 12813; Mand. 19; oftest (superl.) Kath. 114. 
oftesipe i/^occi. F/, 51; oftezipes ayeiA, 45; oftsithe pr. 
consc. 7460; oftealden a. r. 418. 
Oftetlme Trwiwi. 28. 

oker, Olcel. okr (aager), jdSoa-.pocor (jrvctU3, proles), 
OFris. woker (fcenus, itsura), Goth, vokrs (toxo;), OHGerm. 
wuochar (fructus, usiira), ■usury, a.r. 202; apol. Ill; okir 
pa. 14, 5; okir, okur A. s. 2395 & 2457; ocur prompt, 
parv. 362. 

okeren, Swed. ockra, increase; okered (pres.) a. r. 
326; okerin h. s. 2456. 

okerere, Swed. ockrare, usurer, h. s. 2563; okorer 
met. hom. 142; okerar Mar. mir. pi. 185. 

olfend, ASax. olfend, camel, Wv. voc. 90; olfentes 
(gen.) Orm. 3208. 


open 427 

open, ^iSaar. open, OSaic.opa.n, 0/cei. opinn, OHGerm, 
olaner, open, apertus, a. r. 60; Orm. 732; opene (fl.) 
Kafk. 1138. 

openhc opetdy, met. hom. 29; opeoltke bisne Orm. 2909; 
openliche (adv.) a. r. 86; c o/ /. 551; Skorek. 62; open- 
luker (compar.) a. r. 8, 

open en, ASatr. openian, OSax. opanon, Olcel. opna, 
OHGerm. ofanon, open, aperire, a. r. 70; opnen Or-m. 
4114; openede (pret.) Fum. p. X, 50; opnede at. gen. 
3773; via. P. P. 12576; openeden £03. 5773; opened 
(part.) Katk. 3455; compos, iopenen. 

openunge opening, (dot.) a. r. 60. 

or-, ASaar. or-, Olcel. or, ar, OHGerm. ur, Goth, ua 
(ex), see Or. gram. 2, 787. 

OFEet? ODvtch oraete, LOertft. or(e)t, ur(e)t (reliquiae pa- 
btdi)? ortu3 orta, rtmnaraa, prompt, paro. 371. 
orcoat, Olcel. orkostr, wealth, Kath. 1724. 
ordal, ASaar. ordsl, ordeal, judgement, Ckauc. Trail. 3895. 
or3el, cmp. ASax. orgoUlce and OHGerm. urgilo, kaugktyf 
orsel pride (orselpride ?) st. gen. 3767. 
or3lielin5d Orm. 62G2. 

orsel (nOrojel"), ASax. orgol (?), haughtiness, rd. ant. 1, 
130; orhel Mark. 11, 10; horel (orhel, orsel) a. r. 224. 
ormete, ASax. omuete, immense, Orm. 238. 
orrap perplexed, Orm. 3150, 

erreat, ASax. orrest, Oleel. orrasta (pugna)f battle, Orm, 

oraeoruh, ASax. orsorg, OHGerm. ursorger, nsecurus", Wr. 
voc. 94. 

ortrope, ASax. ortrype, OHGerm. urtriwe, difiident, Orm. 
II 589. 

ortrowen, ASax. ortrupian, mistrust? ortrowed (pres.) a. 
r. 382; ortroweden (pret.) Wicl. gloss. 
ortroppe mistrust, Orm. 3145. 

or? ASax. or {ov'i), beginning: bfiten ore & ende Pum 
p. VIII, 91. 

or, ASax. or, ore, metal, a. r. 284*. 

ord, ASax. OSax. OFris. ord, OHGerm. ort, Olcel. 
oddr, ord, point, edge, beginning, La^,. 624; Furn. p. VIII, 
43; chron. Engl. 17 i ; Arth. and Merl. 1177; („hord") ^/ts. 
932; ord and ende Orm. 6775; ordo (dot) a. r. 212; mid 
speres orde owl and night. 1710; Hom 1B89. 


428 orf 

ordfrume prineipium, Mark. 8, 28. 

orf, ASax. orf, oaole, pecus, La^. 1&316; Kob. Gloac. 
6, 18; at. gen. 795; Wr. p. s. 342; Gow. conf. am. 1, 17; 
orre (dat.) owl and night. 1155. 

orne, ASaa. (un)onie, dainty, nicef Shoreh. 80; & was 
ornure of mete & of drunche pen pe twei odre a. r. 370; 
compos, unonie. 

orpe9 orped, brave, bold, ayetib. 183; Artk. and Merl. 
2166; Qow. conf. am. 1, 129; „orpiid audax^, prompt 
parv. 371; orpid (nhorpid") IJartsh. m. t. 311. 
orpedllch(e) boldly, Arth. and Merl. 1729; orpedli Mot. a. 
p. 2, 628. 
orpedschipe courage. Mis. 1413. 

orchard, ASaa. ortgeard, Goth, aurtlgards? orchard, Wr. 
voc. 94s a. r. 378; Rob. Qlouc 104, 13. 

osel, ASax, osle, OH&erm. amsala, oosel (ousel), merula, 
I. c. c. 36. 

ostir, ASax. ostre, Lot. oatres, oyst&; Halliw. diet 
592; oister prompt, parv. 363. 

oter, ASax. otor, Olcel. otr, OHGerm. ottar, otter, 
Wr. voc. 251; Brand. 30; otur prompt parv. 372; otir 
lAdg. m. p. 168. 

Oder, ASax. 6der, OSax. othar, odar, OFria. other, 
6der, Ooth. anpar, OHGerm. ander, anderer, Olcel. annar, 
anoarr, other, alter, a. r. 14; oder (oper) £03. 2931 ; Oper 
Alts. 51 ; vis. P. P. 476; An oper Cms. a noper) c. of I. 
626; heo schulde 6der hwat jSmen a. r. 98; oder (oper) 
half one and a half, £03. 7856; Bek. H; ckron. Engl 
120; Bob. Br. 119, 5; Mar. mir. pi. 141; he polde ai 
aeggen oper ((diterf) Fum. p. VIII, 75; wan it nolde 
oper gon E<>b. G;loue. 161, 16; odres (gen. m.) a. r. 252; 
oprea owl and night 1497; oper (odres) mannes fr(e)ond 
Fum. p. VIII, 15; oderne (ace. m.) a. r. 404; ayenb. 8; 
pene odren Laj. 3881; 6dre (pi-) Kath. 1051; opre gode 
preostes Onn. 692; hwan pe opre s^wen pat Havel. 2416; 
Mere st gen. 2199; opere Bek. 571; bifore alle pen operen 
Shoreh. 46. 
oderliche aliter; operluker (compai-) Furn. p. VIII, 76. 

cure, OFr. oure, ore, hov.r, ayenb. 173. 

oven, ASax. ofen, OFria. oven, OHGerm. ofan, Oleel. 
ofn, Goth, anhns ? oven, ^omax", Wr. voc 93 ; prompt. 

over 429 

paro. 372; ps. 20, 10; ovin I. c. C. 38; ofne (dot.) Orm. 
993; owl and night. 292. 

over, ASax. ofer, OFris. ODutoh over, Qoth. ufar, 
Olcd. yfir, OHGerm. ubar, orer, sttpcr; over pene wal heo 
clumben Xas, 9420; he leaped over ham a. r. 380; (he) 
wende over lond Bek. 1178; over pe nabbe i no mihte 
C, of I. 1110; over (above) alle ping a. r. 92; over al 
mHout, 254; partout, Katfi. 728; a. r. 74; c. o/* i. 732; 
CAawc. C. (. 549; Rick. 2940; OrpA. 371 j pet no viend 
oue vondi over oure rai^ie ayenb. 170; over pr§ mile 
Arth, and Merl. 6648; ovjr alle pe wode pel hur eoght 
Triam. 349; over (per) pe ^fir I. c. a. 33; over night 
Chauc. Trail. 2641 ; ofer OtTn. 1034; our Gaw. gloss. 401; 
aur Ainad. Robs. 40, 1, 

overbeoden. Germ, iiberbieten, overbid; oferbeden (pres. 
subj.) Orm. 6233; overbide (paH.) Fum. p. XXIX, 92. 
overbiden survive; overbod ^ret.) s. a. WA. 1731. 
overcasten (overkeeten). Dan. overkaste, overcast, a. r. 
274; overcaste (pret.) Fum. p. XVII, 354; overcast 
(part.) Gow. conf. am. 3, 310. 

overcumen, ASax. ofercuman, OHGerm. ubar-, obarqueman, 
overcome, La^. 31684; a. r. 198; overcomen via. P. P. 
2245; overcom (pret.) ckron. Engl. 410; overcomen Mark. 
1; overcumen (paH.) Kaih.\Zi■^ st gen. 2108; overcomen 
Trist. 3, 46. 

overdgde exaggeration, (dat)owl and night.Zb2; aymb.56. 
overdon overch, a. r. 286; oferdon Orm. 2576; overdon 
(part.) CkauG. C. t. 12573. 

overeode (oversede) passed over, Mor. a. p. 2, 1758. 
overet? overeating; overetea (pi) rel. ant. 1, 131. 
overetel „edax^, Wr. voc. 95. 
overfallen fall over; oferfel (pret.) Orm. 4799. 
overfare(n) fare or go over, Havel. 2063 ; over-varep (pres.) 
owl and night. 387. 

overfleoten, OHGerm. uberfliozan, fieet over; overfleot 
(pres) c. of I. 849 ; overflst (pret) st. gen. 586. 
overflswen overflow; oferflo^ep (pres) Orm. 10721. 
OVerfuUe superabu/ndance, owl and mght. 354. 
overfullen overjUl; overfuUet (part) h. m. 19. 
overgsn, OHGerm. ubargan, overgo, pass over, translre, 
Mark. 16, 8; .owl and night. 950; Ifit lust overgon a. r. 
118; over^u (part) Imt,. 6258; overgcn a. gen. 118B. 


430 over 

ofergangen, ASax. ofergangan, Goth, ufargaggan, ourgang, 

conquer, Orm. 10228; overgaage (ma. over gaoge) SaveL 


overgart arrogance f Mark. 16, 13; Orm. 8163. 

ojerjarwen? exaggeratef overgart gr§t Will, gloss. 238; 

overgart proud e. oj I. 093. 

overgulden overgild; overgulded (prea.) a. r. 182; overguld 

(part.) Mark. 9, 2; overgilt pr. come. 8902. 

overjeoten transfuse; oversotun (parLj Wicl. gloss. 32. 

overheven? neglect; overhaf (prel.) Mapea 341. 

overhi3ien (overhle) overkie, avow. Artk. 19, 6. 

overhoje (overliowe) disdain, a. r. 276; overhohe k.m.43. 

overhosien despise; over-hohed (pres.J owl and night. 1404; 

oferhowep rel. ant. I, 184. 

overhuppea (ovirhippin) overhip, transsiUre, prompt pare. 

372; over-huppen (pres.) via. P. P. 8169. 

ovorhwelmen (overwhelme) ooerwkehn, Ckaac. r. r. 3776; 

ovirqwelmin (overwhelmin) prompt, parv. 374. 

overhwelven subvert? overwhelvep (pres.) Ckauc. BoeL 2, 

overladen, OHGerm. ubarhladan, overlade, (part.) a. r. 

368; overlade Lidq. st. of Tk. 4557. 

overleeden (-leden) lead over, oppress, Wiel. gloss. 32; 

ovirigdin prompt, parv. 373; overlsde vis.. P. P. 2001. 

overlKven (-leeven) leave over, Wicl. gloas. 

overlang^e) overlong, pr. consc. 7274; overlonge' owl and 

night. 450. 

overlate too late, pr. consc. 1988; Percev. 1956. 

overleap overleap; overlOp (-Ispe) met. hom. 32, 

overleapen (-lepe) overleap, k. s. 2916; overleaped (p''es) 

a. r. 380; overleep (pret) via. P. P. 299. 

overleie(ii) overlay, oppress, li'icL gloss. 

Ovirlitii too litde, prompt, parv. 373, 

overlive(n) overlive, survivre, Ghauc. C. L 6842. 

ofermet, ASax. ofermet, excess, Orm. 10720. 

ovarmSte, ASax. ofernuete, immoderate, immense, (adv.) a. 

r. 296. 

overmcdi, ASax. ofenucdig, OSax. obarmodig, arrogant. 

Hick. ihes. 1, 167. 

overmuche (-moclie) overmuch, Shoreh. 35. 

overmuchel (-mikel) too great, pr. consc. 6662. 

overnimen overtake; over-nome (part) JJardie. poem 1, 4. 

overrsecheu owerrcacA; overreche (pris) vis. P. P. 8775. 


overrennen overrun; orrennus (pres.) ant. Arth. 21, 3. 

ovemdeQ override; o\eTni6ii (part.) Anh. and Mert 9101; 

Chaac. G. t. 2024. 

ovarriiinen run over; overeominde fpart) k. m. 19. 

oversEn, ASax. oferseon, OSax. ooarsehan, oversee, ms. 

P. P. 4022; lud. Gov. 197! OTer-sihd (pres.) Furn. p. 

VIII, 38; oversein (part.) Oow. conf. am. 3, a04. 

overseuden, ODvich overaenden, send over, WicL gloss. 

OYiraettiD overset, prompt, parv. 373. 

overakippin overskip, prompt, pai o 373 ; orerskipped vis. 

P. P. 7184. 

ofersleie, A8ax. oferslege, lirael, Wr. voa. 95. 

overaprffiden overspread, La^. 14190; oversprfidde (pret.) 

a. r. 54; overspr&dde via. P. P. 13367; Chauc. C. t 2878. 

overetijen, ASax. oferstlgati, Ooth. ufarsteigan, surmount; 

ofer-etied (pres) rel. songs III, I. 

overstrODg excessively strong, a. r. 294. 

overswipe too violently, owl and n^kt. 1516; overswQde 

a. r. 368, 

oTerswiTen vanquish .- godes sune ebolde fel pe deofel 

oferspifen Orm. 1848. 

overtaken overtake, vis. P. P. 11532; overtake Iw. 665; 

overtck Havel. 1816; Mor. a. p. 2, 1218; overtoken a. r. 


overtraat presu7iiption, a. r, 332. 

overtroateu oveHru^t, a. r. 332. 

overtume(n) overturn, vis. P. P. 11065; overturned (pres) 

a. r. 356. 

ovirthrtiwiii overthrow, prompt, pars. 373; overpilJwe vts. 

P. P. 4971; overprCwe (pret) Shorek. 124; overprawe 

(part) ayenb. 1 5 ; overprOwe Alts, 1)13. 

overurn over-run? a. r. 398. 

overwe3eii, OIIGerm. ubarwegen, overweigk; overweid 

(pres) a. r. 386. 

overwendeu? nule be nout . . . wendon over „non vuU 

transire", a. r. 266, 

overwene, OHGerm. uberwEni, presumption, (ace) rel. ant. 

1, 216. 

overwEnen overween; overweninde (part) ayenb. 169. 

overft-gninge overweening, ayenb. 17. 

overwerpen, AS ax. ofert»eorpan, OHGerm. ubarwerfan, 

ove)-th-o^v : overworpen (part) a. r. 112. 


432 over 

overwinnen, ASax. nferpinnan, OHQerm. ubarwinnan, 
vanguish; overwonnen (prel.J ps. 108, 3. 
0Terwri3en cover; oyer-wnsep (prea.) «. of I. 716. 

over, A8ax. bier, ODutck oever, over, shore ; Sw.^ 
(6fre) (dat) £(13. 8584; ovre Halliw. diet. 694; on pc 
B^is 6vre (prvrUed sei soure) Havel. 321. 

ovest, ASax. ofeat, 6fo3t, OSaii. 6f(a)8t(bco), hatU: 
in ofeste, eouste La-^. 9736, 2l493 (fe 31573. 

ovet, ASax. ofet, ODvtck oyet, oft, Off Germ, obaz, 
/r«i(, oy«ii. 262. 

oxe, ASax. OFris. oxa, OTcel. oxi, OHGerm. ohso, 
(3o(A. auliEiftj.Oir, WV. woe. 177; prompt, parv. 376; a. r. 
32; aj/CTii. Ill; Skoreh. 122; oxen (pf^ iJoi. G/owc. 275, 
11; Alis. 760. 

pacche (patche?), patch, prompt, parv. 377; WmJ. 
Mk 2. 

padde, ODutch padde, podde, OIceL padda, toad, lud. 
Cov. 185; (pade) Gaw. gloss.; paddis (pi-) M^tW. gloaa.; 
podes St (?c«- 2977, 

paddok paddock, „bufo", prompt, parv. 376; 2W. Cov. 
164; paddokes (^Z^ -4Zw. 61J6. 

paeti, ASax. psetig, najftiftis" tPr. woe, 90. 

paien, ^r, payer, pay, satisfy, a. r. 108; paie vis. 
P. P. 1480; (paye) Bek. 315; ipaid ^art.) La^. 2340*. 

paia, OFr. pais, peis, -p^s, peace, tas- 480*; Bek. 404; 
Skoreh. 122; Degrev. 1569; peia a. r. 166; peea Ckaue. 
C. t. 634; pSa owl and night. 1728; Jl/aW. 11 ; peas pa. 
27, 3. 

pak, ODutch pack, Olcel. pakki, Ir. Gael, pac, 5*-e(,. 
pak, pack, vis, P. P. 8429; lud. Cov. 137; pakke prompt, 
parv, 378; packes (pi^ a. r. 106; rei. an(. 2, 175. 

pakkin, ODutch packen, pack, prompt, parv. 378; and 
pakkea Mm to gideres uia. P. P. 10000. 

pal, ASax. pall, io*. pallium? jjaU, On». 8173; pal, 
peal La^. 897 & 1296; pel (pal) ^otA. 1461; pel lai le 
fr. 185; palle (dot.) rel. songs V, 10. 

p&l, ODutch pael, Olcel. pill, OHGenn. phftl, £at 
pftlua? ^aie, „palus, paxillits", prompt, parv. 378; (paal) 
tTtc^ jfiosa. 33 ; see p6I. 

pftlen, ODutch paelen, jjaZe, inclose with pales; p4Iid 
(part.) Wid. gloss. 

pane, 0^. panne, Lat. paanus? pane, prompt, parv. 

panne 433 

380 & 381; Mor. a. p. 1, 1033; ft pane of riche skinne 
Trist. ), 52. 

panne, ASax. ODutch panne, Olcel. panna, OHGerm, 
phanna, Lat. patina? pan, „pateUa", prompt, paw. 381; 
ayenb. 23; via. P. P. 2238; Ckauc. C. t. 7196; panne, 
ponne (misprinted paune, poune) Mia. 2770 & 2800 ; 
aompoa. Drain-, hernepanne. 

pantin pant, „ankelare", prompt, parv. 381; pante 
Mar. mir. pi. 138. 

pape, Fr. pape, pope, pr. conac. 1886; pope owl and 
night. 746; Sek. 249; via. P. P. 10586. 
?papejai, OFr. papegai, popinjay, Wr. spec. 26; Mor. a. p. 
2, 1465; popegaie Ma-nd. 274. 

pappe pap, „mamilla", prompt, parv. 382; (dot.) Orm. 
6441; (ace.) pr. come. 6767; Octav. 442; pappes (pi.) h. 
m. 35; a. r. 330*. 

paradls, Gr. itapdSsiaoc, paradise, SRorek. 157. 

pare, ASax. pearruc, MHQerm. pferrich, jmrk (parrick), 
ifflj. 1432*; park Fum. p. I, 5; Oow. conf. am. 2, 45; 
park, parrnk prompt, parv. 384; parkes (pi.) Rob. Olouc. 
1, 12. 

parlur, Fr. parloir, parlour, a. r. 68. 

parosclie, OFr. paroche, parish, Bek. 1879; parisch 
Ckauc. 0. t. 493. 

parten, Fr. partir, part; partef) (pres.) Shoreh. 76; 
parti (aubj.) a. r. 406. 

pas, Fr. pas, paee, Bek. 69; Shoreh. 133. 

paschen, pasken, Swed. paska. Germ, patschen? pash: 
pasken in pe water Fum. p. XX, 8; and al t6 duste 
pasted wis. P. P. 14125. 

passen, Fr. passer, pasa; paaai Bek. 1148; passed 
(pres) a. r. 394. 

pate pate, Fum. p. XXIII, 83; Lidg. m. p. 54. 

pa[), ASax. psed, OFris. path, ODutch pad, OHGerm. 
phad, path, Alis. 3219; yw. /*, P. 9516; pep IFr. aoc. 92; 
ayenb. 127; papes ^^^ owi an»i m^Af. 380; Havel. 268. 

pawe (pane?), OFr. p6e? jiow, prompt, parv. 886; powe 
Jr(A. anti JtferZ. 1491; pawes (pi.) li beaus disc. 1997; 
Isumb. 181. 

paxwax (-wex) pax -wax, tendon of the neck, prompt. 


pece, OFr. pece, piece, promot. parv. 

388; Mand. 10; 

via. P. P. 900fi. 

pSchen, ASax. piecan {deapere). 

LGerm, pfiken 

(furari); compog. bipSchen. 

peddare pedder, ped-maker or cam 

er, prompt, ■pan. 

389; peoddare a. r. 66. 

pedde ped, „calatkii3'', prompt, parv. 390, 

pedlare pe<Rer, prompt, parv. 890; pedlere vis. P. P. 

pegge, Dan. pig, Swed. pigg, peg, prompt, parv. 390. 

peine, Fr. peine, Lat. poena, pain, Bek. 481; Shoreh. 
88; vis. P. P. 6881; Afand. 11; Ckattc. C. t. 1321. 

peintin paint, „pingere", prompt, parv. 390; peint 
(pree.) Bek. 2151; ipeint (part.) owl and night. 76. 

peir, JFV. pair, Lot. p3.r, pair, prompt, parv. 391; peer 
peer, 894; p4r i^wm. p. XVII, 380. 

peisin, Fr. peser, poise, prompt, parv. 390; peised 
(pret.) via. P. P. 2906. 

pekbe peck, picotin, prompt, parv. 891; Chauc. C. t. 

pele peal, „classicum", prompt, parv, 391; HalliiB. nug. 
poet, 3. 

pelt pelt, Fum. p. r. I. p. 16. 

pening, ASax. peni(n)g, Olcel. peningr, OFria. pen- 
ni(n)g, panni(n)g, OHOerm. phenning, phenting, penny, 
Orm. 3287; peni rel. ronga V, 27; Bdc. 1174; pani Arik. 
and Merl. 3639; penie (panje) (dat.) Fum. p. VIII, 34 
(Hick. ihea. 1, 222^; penijes, paneses (pi.) ha-i,. 3544 & 
29460; penyea Uoh. Br. 146, 3; Odae. 726; penis met 
Aom. 18; pens Wr. s. a. c. LVIII, 26; pans Bek. 832. 
peniworp vis. P. P. 1884. 

pennen, OFris. penda (p^nvs caperejf pen; compos. 

peper, ASax. pepor, pipor, Lat. piper, pepper, Mand. 
168; pepir prompt, parv. 392. 

pSple, Fr. penple, people, Mand. 3; Chauc. C. t. 8871; 
pfiple, poeple via. P. P. 309 <fe 563; people Octaw. 854; 
pfiple Shoreh. 53. 

pere, ASax. pern, ODutch pere, OHOerm. pira, Jiai. 
pera, /^Lot. pirtUn], pear, IFr. woe 192; ai/en6. 208; Mand. 
245; peren (pi.j i'wm. p. XXIII, 89. 
pertrB PTr. voc. 227. 


pfire 485 

pere pier, prompt, parv. 394, 

perls, ODutch perle, OHGerm. per(a)la, her(ft)la, 
pearl, prompt, paro. 394; Mor. a. p. 1, 1. 

perseli. Lot. petrosellnmn, parsley, I. c. a. 18. 

persone, OFr. persone, person, parson, prompt, parv, 
395; vis. P. P. 5398 & 7791. 

pert = pret? pert, Launf. 294; wis and pert <(. gen. 
3292; proud and pert as is & pie Chauc. C. t. 8948; stout 
Le was and pert li beaus dise. 123; pert in plai k, of 
T. 18. 

perteliclie pertly, EaHsh. ir*. t. 258; perteli ovoto. Arth. 
XiX, 8; perteli td hem he r&d Tor. 1504; pertli ZVwm. 

p e s e, ASax. pisa, iai. pisum, Oltal. peso, ^ea(a), 
prompt, pars. 393; Mand. 158; pesen (p^ ayeni. 120; 
WW. P. P. 4189; KicA. 6004; peesen Okcue. I. g. w. 648. 
peacodde peas-cod, prompt, paro. 395; pescoddes (pt) vis. 
P. P. 4386. 

peutir, OFr. peautre. Span, peltre, Ital. peltro, pewter, 
prompt, parv. 395. 

pic, ASax. pic, OHGerm. pech, Lat. pix, pi'fcA, met. 
ham. Ill; pik reZ. ant. 1, 53; pik, pich prompt parv. 396; 
pich i^«»-M. p. VIII, 110; 3. 8. Web. 1280. 

plc, ASax. Gael, pic, ODutch pike? pifce, ooMZeM«, spi- 
owiw,n, ciispis, (nom. ace.) La^. 30752 tfe 30857; pik vis. 
P. P. 3437; pike prompt, paro. 396; Jtwinfe. 497; pikes 
(pi) Kalk. 1946; Bo&. Olouo. 51, 19; as ful as in iUeBpU 
is of pikes Fum. p. XVIIl, 47. 
plkstaf, Olcel. pikstafr, vis. P. P. 4002. 

pi.cchen (pickin), ODutch picken (pungere), Olcd. 
pikka (stikke, kakke)? pitch, hid. Gov. 179; picche a two 
pe rotes vis P. P. 4003; picche (scd.. hei) to pe carte 
P. P. p. 514; and picche]) first his hope Hardvi. poem 
45, II; wber he w4re o pe feld picchinde stake Wr. fpec. 
110; per he pihte hia Btffif La^. 29653; stakes of irn he 
pihte in Temese gronde Rob. Glouc. 51, 5; and wip hir 
bek hir selve so sch6 pight Ckauc. C. t. 10732; pi^t (part) 
Mor. a. p. 1, 228; & spere pat is pight into pe erpe 
Mand. 183; paveMns w6re pijte ant. Arth. XXXVII, 7; 
ipijt Fvrn. p. II, 94, 

p i c h e r, OFr. picher, pitcher, Peroev. 454 ; picbar 
prompt, paro, 395; pecher h. s. 10749; see hikw. 


136 picken 

picken, ODvtch picken, bicken, MHQerm. bicken, picft 
(peck), a. r. 84*; pecken (pres.) Wicl. gloss. 33; pe pie 
hap pecked you Halliw. nuy. poet. 43. 

pie, OFr. pie, pie, pica, owi and night. 126; via. P. P. 

pigge, ODvtch bigge, pig, „porcellus", prompt, parv. 
395; pigges (pi.) a. r. 204; Mand. 72. 

pik, ODvtch picke, pick, ligo, Wr. voc. 234; pic ayenb. 
108; pike k. s. 941. 

pikforke (plkforke?) „merga', prompt, parv. 397; picforke 
La^. 21597. 

pike = pic? pike „lucius", Wr. voc 189; prompt, 
parv. 396. 

pikel (pikil), ODutck pekel, jJt'cAZe, prompt, parv. 39V; 
Hartah. Tnet. (.126. 

pike(n) pitch, picare, Havd. 707. 

piken (pike) peek, look, Vhauc. Troil. 2909; Hcdliw. 
nug. poet. 67. 

pikieo (pikin), ODutch picken (manticulari), pike 
(pick), prompt, parv. 397; to piken it aud to weden it 
vis. P. P. 10827; pike Gow. conf. am. 2, 351 & 3, 162; 
pikep (pres.) Wr. p. a. 150 ; ni at pe mete pi top pou 
pike const, of mas. 746. 

pll, ASax. ODutck pil, OHGerm. phil, [Lat pilum], 
pile, pilum, audie, via. P. P. 10855; pei pou b4 rotin pil 
and pid Mapes 335; pltes (pi) Hob. Qlouc. 51*; vis. P. 
P. 10838. 

pilch e, ASax. pylce, OFr. pelice, pilch, cotU of skins, 
prompt, pari). 397; a. r. 862; cr. P. P. 484; Lidg. m. p. 
154; pilches (pi) st. gen. 377; Mand. 247. 

pile, Fr. pile, Lat. pila, pile, prompt, parv. 398; if i 
dwells ia mi pile of stSn Tor. 375. 

pilegrim pilgrim, a. r. 348; pilgrim met. horn. 54. 

pilen (pillin), Fr. peler, Lat. pilars, ^i/i (peel), prompt. 
parv. 399; piled (part) Chauc. C. t. 4305. 

piler, OFr. pilgr, pillar, Fum. p. XV, 206; vis. P. P. 
3692; s. a. Wr. 2022; pileer Mand. 91. 

pi lien, cmp. Dan. pille (pick, pluck), Fr. piller, Lat. 
(ex)pllS,re (plunder), Gael, piol (pluck), Ir. piollaim (pick), 
pill, pluck, plunder: rushes to pilie P. P. p. 526; pile 
Gow. conf. am. 1, 17; peolien (pilien) a. r. 86; pus me 
pilep pe pore and pikep ful cl^ne Wr. p. s. 150; pilep 


pilken 1S7 

holi kirke vis. P. P. 13846; ipUed (part) Hardw. poem 
61, 3. 

pilken pUk, pluck: pilken & peolien a. r. 86. 

pinchen, Fr. pincer, ptnck; pinched (pret.) vis. P. P. 
8770; ipinclied (part.) Chauc. C. t. 151. 

pine, ASax. pin, OSax. Olcel. OHQerm. pina, pine, 
pain, Las- 2515; Katk. 1031; a. r. 24; Orm. 2987; okI 
and night. 156t; si. gen. 955; Skorek. 83; -Bei. 8; ^Zis. 
1944; rw. P. P. (i393; CAowc. G (. 1326; 7w. 489; fior. 
2087; Hoed. I, 448; Afiw. 29; laumb. 73; mrf. Aom. 55. 
pinful a. r. 356. 

pine? Lat. pinus. 
pin(n)ote „pinum", prompt, parv. 400. 
pinnotetre s. a. Web. 544. 

pinen, ^Saa. pinan, Olcel. pina, OHGerm. pinon, 
pine, torment, a. r. 216; Orm. 1614; CAawc. r. r. 3511; 
pinefl (pres.) Kath. 1824; Wr. spec. 81; pinden {„pine- 
den") (pret.) c. of I. 814; pined (part) met. horn. 144; 
ipined a. r. 114. 

pinue,^iSaa;. pinn(?), ODutck pinne, Olcel. ^\Qm,[LcA. 
pinna], pin, aeus, claims, Wr. voc. 261; prompt, poru. 399; 
Mis. 6146; Chauc. C. t. 196; s. s. Wr. 1410; <Aron. Vilod. 
117; 3e lutte Jie pinne iW, Co». 138; pinnes (pi.) Fum. 
p. XXXV, 59. 

p i n n n c piMwoc&, owl and night. 1128. 

pinte, Fr. pinte, ^iVit, prompt, paro. 401. 

pintil, ASax. pintel TTr. woe. 65, cmp. LGerm. Dutch 
pint (poitsj, pintle, Wr. voc. 184. 

pipe, ASax.(?) ODutch pipe, 0/cci. pipa, OHQerm. 
fifa, jjtjpe, ,.Jistula", prompt, parv. 401 ; OzoZ anrf m^A(. 22; 
Octav. 197 ; plpen (pi) Lot,. 5110; pipes CAaitc. C. t. 2754. 

pipin yij»e, „fisUdari^, prompt, pare. 401 ; pipen Chauc. 
C. t. 1840. 

pipin pipe, npipire", prompt, parv. 401; plpest (pres.) 
owl and night. 503. 

pipare piper, prompt, parv. 401. 

pippe, ODutch pippe, pip, „pituita", prompt, parv. 401; 
aacram. 525. 

pirenjieer; pirep (prea) Oow. conf. am. 3, 29; pirip 
dcp. of B. 16, 14. 

piria, ASax. pirige, pear-tree, Chauc. C. t. 10091; 
piries (pi) vis. P. P. 2503. 


438 pirae 

pime pirn, apod, prompt, parr. 402, 

pisse ^urtTta, fninctura*', prompt, parv. 402. 
pissemire formica, Mand. 301. 

pissin, piachin, fr. pisser, Itcd. pisciare, piaa, „Tningere'*, 
prompL parv. 402; pissen Mand. 249; pisse Fum. p. 
XIV, 66. 

pite, OFr. pite, pity, Kob. CHouc. 143, 4; met. horn. 7. 

pithe, ASax. pida, cmp. Dutch pit and LGerm. pedik 
(medulla), pUk, ^meduUa", prompt, parv. 402 ; pith Perceo. 
1640; pif Wr. voc 221. 

place, Fr. place, place, a. r. 358; Bek. 117, 

plaje, MHQerm. pflage? play, st. gen. 537; playe 
Isumh. 188; mei. Aom. 85; plawe Rob. Glottc 291, 1; Wr. 
p. 8. 153; Trist. 3, 73; pat trewe wes in uch plawe 
flbm 1094; platen (pi.) i/03. 29219; platen Ka^. 106; 
plawes Wr. spec. 45; mrf. Aont. 115; see pleje. 

plajen (playen), Olcel. plaga (pleie)f play, C.hauc. C 
t, 760; met. horn. 80; plawin plow, „bvllire", prompt, parv. 
403; plawe Flor. 258; aaaram. 664; playand boiling, I. c. 
e. 37; see plesen. 

pl^je (npl&ge"), Olcel. OHGerm. Lot. pl^a, plague, 
Ckauc. C. t. Tyr. p. 159; lud. Gov. 125. 

plaitin plait, „plioare'', prompt, parv. 402; plaite ina. 
P. P. 2896. 

plank(e), Lat. planca, plank, prompt, parp. 403; k. a. 

P 1 a n t e, ASax. plant, iot. planta, plant, prompt, parv. 

plan ten, A8ax. plantian, Lat. plantare, plant, Mand. 
50; plontep ayenb. 13.*). 

p 1 a 8 c b e, ODutck plasch, plmli, „lacuna", prompt, 
parv. 403; Halliw. diet. 630; see flasche. 

plaster {„pla8tre"), ASax. plaster, Lat. (em)pla3truni, 
plaster, Wr. spec. 89; piastres (pi.) ayenb. 148. 

plat, Fr. plat, Gr. itXaTOi;, flat, prompt, parv. 403; 
Mpr. a. p. 2, 1379; plate feet Alis. 2001; see flat, 

(plat) plot, Go(A, plats {im^\i)\ia), Dan. plet (JnncwioJ, 
OHGerm. plez, blez (pittacium), cmp. Hiias. luarat (man- 
(efe), Jj^at (plot), prompt, parv. 405; ww. P. P. 8585; 
Ckauc. fl. a. I. 499 ; iud. Gov. 47 ; see blot. 

plate, OFr. plate, ^j^dfe, „in»ii)ta", prompt, parv. 403; 
plates Ciawc. C. (. 2123. 


platten 4S9 

4)lattea, Germ, platzen? bvrstf pat oa h4m plat(te) 
AHIi. and Merl. Q'lil; plattinde Eavel. 2382. 

plecke, ODutch plecke, placke, i^leek (plack), spot, 
prompt, parv. 40Ei; plek Halliw. diet. 631; Mor. a. p. 2, 

plSde(ii), Fr. plaider, Span, pleitear, plead, c. of I. 
1024; vis. P. P. 4549; plSte Ckauc. Trotl. 2560; dep. of 
B. 26, 18; plaidi owl and night. 1637; Fui-n.p.XIX, 77. 

p I e 3 e (pleye), ASax. plega (ludus), OFris. plega, 
MMGerm. pflege (msws, cvra)f play, „ludus", prompt, parv. 
404; Ckauc. C. t. 3771; pleiso, pleowe Lot,. 2282 & 8187; 
pleie, pleowe (plose) a. r, 184 <fe 344; ploghe? /«hm6. 
397| pieces (pi) ayenb. 207; plejes Fum. p. XVI, 68; 
see plase. 
pleii'ere FwrTi. p. XVII, 64; Ociow. 1232. 

ple3eii (plejin), ASaa::. plegan, plegian (ludere), OFria. 
plegia, ODutch plegen, MHGerm. pSegen (fungi, uti)f 
play, „ludere", p^-ompt. parv. 404; pleien La^. 8398; a. 
r. 78 (& 94; h. j». 41; owl and night. 486; pleyen Fum. 
p. XIZI, 150; Mand. 50; pleye Chauc. C. t. 774; pleye 
wip k pI6w(e) vis. P. P. 1987; pleyen (pres.) harrow. 
pleiede (pret.) a. r. 318; pleo^ede La^. 29219; ] ' 
8145; pleiende (part.J Katk. 1691; see plasen. 

p le 1 1 e (n), ASax. plaettan, ODutch pletten, strike, 
Havel. 2444. 

pliht, ASax. pHht, OFris. pUcht, MHGerm. phUht, 
plight, peril, Orm. 4738; pr6 dEB^es hit rinde tlod . , . 
pat wffis swupe mochel pliht ia^. 3897; pUt (plight) 
^«(afM^", prompt, parv. 405; serat heo pleoweden and 
seoMe pliht makeden La^. 8146; he bad him maken 
siker pH^t (engagement) st. gen. 1269; a plijt (pliht) c. 
of I. 304; Shoreh. 120; i telle it ou a pliht Wr. p. s. 
218; i sigge a plight Arth. and Merl. 3909; tidende . . . 
of swide muchele plihte io^, 13309; beoQ icnowen of his 
pliht (guilt) 18567; Crist dSyed for mannes pliht met. 
/*(Mw.99; horn in plight pj-. consc. notes 266; Moises fastede 
slden t8 plijt XL daises and XL ni^t st. ^ew. 3611; pli^t 
condition, Mor. a. p. I, 1074; god of pli^t a. s. Wr. 1448; 
p]Xie Flor. 2110; plit Chauc. C. t. 10209; wip mikel plith 
Havel. 1370. 

plihten, ASax. plihtan, MHGerm. phlihten, plight, 
engage, Lai,. 13071; pli^te (pres.) Shoreh. 145; i plighte 


440 plifaten 

Jje mi trou|ie via. P. P. 3863; plijt (part.) at. gen. 1276; 
Wr. spec 30; iplight vis. P. P. 2875; ipluht? a. r. 208. 

plihteo (plighte) twist, lud. Cov. 153; pHte Ckauc 
Trail. 2296; plighte (pret.) C. t. 4435; pligbten Alie.bS^l. 

ploh, 0/cfi. plogr, ODutch ploeg, OHOerm. phluog, 
plough, a. r. 384*; 0mm. 15902; plouh rel. ant. 1, 173; 
plough Chauc. C. t. 889; plough, plowgh vis. P. P. 4123 
& 4730; plow (plou?) prompt, ^ru. 405; Havel. 1017; 
ifaMC?. 250; a. a. c. IV, 2. 

plukkin, ASax. plucdan, ODutch plucken, MHGerm. 
pAncken, pluck, prompt, parv. 405; plucke lud. Cov. 146; 
plukked (part.) vis. P. P. 7928. 

(plflme) ploume, ASax. pMme, Lot. prtbrnm, ^um, 
prompt, parv. 405. 
plumtree iJii. P. P. 2503. 

plurapen, ODutch plompen, plump^ plunge; plump 
(imper.) I. c. o. 51; plumten (pret) Alis. 5776. 

p6, ASax. p&Ta, Lat. p&vo, pea(-cock), Wr. p. a. 159; 
Mand. 48; CAomc. C. (. 104; Town. myst. 98. 
pocok HaUivf. diet. 63E; pecok vis. P. P. 7909. 

podel, Ital. padule (^ Lot. palude)? puddle, prompt. 
parv. 406; flo6. Dr. 54, 5; HaUiw. nug. poet. 53. 

poghe, .AStKC. poha, bag, sackf Hailiv}. diet. 634; 
powghe? er. P. P. 1232. 

point, Ft. point, poi'nf, a. r. 178; pointe (Sa(^ Seft. 

poke, ASax. Gael, poca, ODvtch, poke, 0/ce?. poki, 
JV. poche, "poke, „sacculus'*, prompt, parv. 407; Havel. 555; 
»M. P. P. 8459. 

poken, Dutch poken, poke; poke (pres.) rel. ant. 2, 
211; pokep wis. P. P. 3730; pokid ('^e(.^ CAawc. C. i. 
4167; BicA. 3459. 

pokke, ODutch pocke, pock,.„porrigo", prompt, parv. 
407; pockes (pi.) Wr. voc. 161; pokkea vis. P. P. 14120; 
Ftor. 2024. 

pol, ODutch po!, bol, j)oH, „captU", prompt, pare. 407; 
i/arff. 177; jjm. P. P. 6686; Bo6. £r. 279, 25; polle 
(dat) Mor. a. p. 2, 1265; ant. ArtL IX, 11. 
?polax „bipennis", prompt, parv. 407; poUax Chauc C. L 
2546; Etch. 6870; pollex Wr. voc. 263; see holax. 
?polbere prompt, parv. 407. 
?polkat pole-oat, Chauc. C. L 14270. 


pol 441 

p61 (pool), ASax. pul, ODutch poel, MHQerm. pfuol, 
Lat. palus? pool, ^atagnum", prompt, pirv. 407; pol rel. 
ant. 2, 81; Percev. 683; pole (dat.) La^- 21748; Flor. 
1738; poles (pi.) Havel. 2101; compos, waterpol. 

pol ^ pflJ? j)oie, „coniws, pertica", prompt, para. 407; 
pole ('(/(It) oj/«ii. 203; poole ww. /*. P. 12177. 

polk pulk, pool, prompt, para. 408; Haoel. 2685; Trifit. 
3, 52: Rob. Br. 277, 15. 

pollen poll, crop; poUiden (pret.) Wicl. gloss. 34; 
poilid (part) prompt, parv. 407. 

ponde pond, prompt, parv. 408; Fiirn. p. r. I. p. 26, 

popi, ASax. popig(?), poppy, prompt, parv. 409; Gow. 
conf. am. 2, 103. 

popul popple, „lolium", Wr. voc. 201; popil rel. ant, 
1, 53. 

poren pO}-e, look; pore (pres. suhj.) Chauc. 0. t 5877. 

poren pour, nfundere", prompt, pare. 109; pouren 
(prea.) Chauc. C. I. 12598. 

pork, Fr. pore, pork. Rick. 3049. 

pose poae, ^catarrlnta" , prompt, parv. 410; Furn. p. IX, 
92; Chauc. C. t. 4150; poose sacram. 616. 

post, ASax. post, Lat. postis, post, Wr. treat. 135; 
postes (pi.) Xa3. 28032; wis. P. P. 10908. 

pot, LGerm. Fr. Welsh pot, pot, a. r. 363; aymh. 58; 
Iw. 759; WicZ. </oAn 2. 

pouer, fr, pouvoir, power, Mor. a. p. 2, 1654; (powfir) 
Shoi-ek. 21; j)r. cowsc. 5884; poer Wr. trtat. 133. 

poulce, Oloel. pflki, ir. pdca, Welsh pvica., pouk (puck), 
devil, via. P. P. 9300; Rich. 566. 

povre, OFr. pauvre, poor, Kath. 50; a. r. 260; rel. 
songs V, 19; pover pa. 24, 16; pore Bek. 1120; reZ. ant. 
I, 115; povre (pi.) Havel. 13S; povere c. of I. 890; ois. 
P. P. 2985; pare jir. consc. 3609. 

prangleii, cmp. ODutch prangen, constrain? prangled 
(part.) Havel. 639. 

prankeii prank? „prankid pUcatus", prompt, parv. 
411; prankid gounes Mar. mir. pi. 184; see branken. 

prat, ASax. prtetc (omatua)? ODvtch pr&t (faslosus, 
arrogans), pert, Orm. 6652; prset, pret La-r^. 81 & 5302;- 
see pert. 

praten (prate), Dutch praten, Dan prate, prate, lAdg. 
m. V. 155; lud. Con. 353. 


442 prati 

prati, ASax. prfetig (a3tutu3)f pretty (pratly), ,.for- 
mosus**, prompt, parv. 411; Ivd.'Cov. 104; s. a. c. XVII, 31. 
pmtilTch prettily, rel. ant. 1, 63; pratili Ivd. Cod. 82. 

prechen (prfiche), OFr. prEcher, preach, Wart. hist. 
1, 17; pr. come. 3815; prechede (pret) c. of I. 1416. 

prBchfir preacher, a. r. 160; priJchour Shoreh. 48. 

preis? OFr. preis. Span, prez, Lat, pretium? prat^e; 
preise (dat.) Chaur. Troil. 2li77. 

p r e i s e n (preisin), OFr. precier ? praise, nlaudare", 
■ prompt, parv. 412; a. r. 64; preise Havel. 60; Cbauc. 
Troil. 2675; proiaep (pres.) vis. P. P. 1626; preisen 
Mand. 217; preiaede (pret.) Bek. 1360. 

preyin, OFr. preyer, p»-ny, prompt, parv. 412; i preye 
Wr. spec. 58; (i) preide vis. P. P. 619; (_pei) preyeden 
Wid. Jokji 4. 

preon, ASax. preon, LQerm. prfiii, preen, point, pin, 
a- r. 84 ; prSne (dat.) onL Arth. XXIX, 8 ; preoiiBs (pi) 
Katk. 1946; prenes st. gen. 1472. 

preonen (prSne) pin, prick, pierce, Wicl, gloss. 34; 
satram, 467; preoneil (pres.) rel. songs V, 68. 

preoat, ASax. preost, OFr. prestre, Lai. presbyter, 
priest, a. r. 16; Bek. 3C4j prSst st. gev. 3923; preeet via. 
P. P. 2447. 

pretten, ODvich prattea (superhire), from prat, he 
pert: yef pe pokoc him prette vor his vaire taile ayeni. 

prlen (piiB)*pry, Chauc C. t. 34o8; pried (pret.) vis. 
P. P. 11145. 

prikil, ODutch prikel, prickle, prompt, parv. 413; h. 
s. 8486. 

prikien (prilcie) priclc, Fum. p. XXI, 131; vis. P.P. 
12083; priked (pres) st. gen. 3964; Ckauc. C. t. 1045; 
stedes prike Arth. and Merl. 1S34; prikied a. r. 244; 
priked s. s. Wr. 2551; k. of T, 1080; pr. consc. 5338; 
prikiinde (part) ayenb. 66; Percev. COS. 

prikke, ASax. prica(?), ODutck prick, prick, prompt 
parv. 413; pricke a. r. 228; Qow. conf. am. 1, 283; prildce 
ayenh. 71 ; Chauc. h. o/ f. 907. 

prince, Fr. prince, prince, Mark. 2; Shoreh. 15; £ei- 

prla, OFr. pris, Zo(. pretium, price, prize, a. r. 66; 
St. gen. S2(J; /i'o«ei. 283; Bek. 160; c o/' ?. 792; Wr. 


prtseD US 

spec. 103; Chauc. C t. 817; Mor. a. p. 1, 273; avow. 
Artk. XXXIV, 5; see preis. 
prisnet vis. P. K 13487. 

prisen, OFr. prisier, prise, prompt, pare. 414. 

prison, Fr. prison, prison, via. P.P. 6841; prison 
(prisouii) c. of I. 386; prisoun -Bat. 366; piiBfln a. r. 126; 
si. gen. 2040. 

prokien (prokie), FFeisA prociaw (thrust) f proke, incite, 
h. m. il; proked (pres.) a. r. 204; prokede (pret.) Wr. 
p. 3. 343. 

prollili prowl, „scrutari", prompt. parV. 41B; proUe 
(pres. aubj.) Chauc. C. t. 13340. 

'prong prong, lud. Cov. 287. 

prove, Fr. preuve, proof, Shoreh. 62. 

prfivin, prdvin, Fr. prouver, prove, prompt, petrv. 415; 
proven Arth. and Merl. 3011; proven, pr6vi Bek. 791 tfe 
1006; provie Shoreh. 137; preoven a. r. 390; proven via. 
P. P. 5141; pr4ve Mand. 50. 

priid, ASax. prflt, Olcel. prfldr, proud, ret songs V, 
70; «t. gen. 1414; a«(. .4rtA. XXVI, 10; prftd, prilt «. r. 
176 <6 276; prut (prout) Laj. 8828; prdte f«m. p. /, 
12; proud Wr. spec. 104; vis. P. P. 1716; prout Wr. 
treat. 138; Degrev. 1559; prUde (dot) Kaih. 578; pTddeat 
(Wper;^ a. r. 296. 

prMlrche proudly, Kath. 677; tmt. ..irtA. XXVIII, 2; 
proudhche ayenh. 196. 

priide, .4Saa;. p^ta, 0/crf. prjdi, pride, a. r. 140( 
j-ci. songs II, 34; IPart. Ats(. 1, 43; prilide Mapea 342; 
prllte nob. Gtouc. 163, 13; Wr. treat. 139; pride »«. P. 
P. 5754; Jl/cnd. 3; «. a. PPr. 686; Octoo. 660j jB^e 
Shoreh. 110. 

prllden, j4S(kc. prfitian(?), pride, rd. ant. 1, 188; a, 
r. 232*; pridin „SMperiiVe", prompt, pars. 413; proudep 
(>-es; i^wrn. p. XZFi/7; 18. 

pue(n) (peuen?) pee, look, Wr. treat. 139; p^ed (pret) 
Eartfk. m. t. 260. 

puf, Dan. Sv>cd. puf (puff). Germ, puf, buf, Dutch pof, 
bof, puff, a. r. 122. 

puffen, Dan. puffe. Germ, puffen, buffen, puff, a. r. 
272; pufte (pret.) 266; puffed ("part.; »w. P. P. 2604; 
see buffen. 

pule, ASax. pyle, ODvtck pulwe, OBGerm. phuluwi, 

ii^ pultea 

pillow (peel), Wr. voc. 92; pilwe prompt, parv. 399; pil- 
weB (pi-) Grow. conf. am. 1, 142; Lidg. m. p. 118. 
pilwebere pillow-beer, Ckauc. G. t. G'Jii. 
?pellek wild thyme? Wr. voc. 266. 

pulten (pulte), Lat. pultare? thrust, push, put. Bob. 
Glouc. 71, II; pilte Wr. p. s. 196; pelte Jrth. and Merl. 
2926; pulte (prea.) owl and night. 871; pulte (pret.) La^. 
7628*; hii pulte hgm vorp bivore pe 6pere Bob. Qlmic. 
479, 7; pilte Mom 1433; pult (part.) c. of I. 207; pilt 
at. gen. 2214; s. ». Wr. 670; Rick. 4085; ipult Lai- 
10839*; see bulten. 

punchin ottTici, „tundere, trudere", prompt, parv. 416; 
punche lud. Uov. 355; puncliideQ (pret) Wicl. glosa.; see 

pund, ASax. Olcel. Goth, pund, OHGerm. phunt, Lat. 
pondus, pound; pond ayenb. 1 ; pimde (dat) Fum. p. 
VIII, 34; punde (pi.) owl and night. 1099; pound Bek. 
775; cr. P. P. 815; punden (dat. pi) La^. 5118. 
poundmele hy ike pound, vis. P. P. 1327. 

pund, ASax. pund(?), pound. 
puii(d)-, pondfold pound (pwn)-fold, vis. P. P. 3757 & 

punde, ASaoi. pynd(?), pondf miu net liht (lies) her 
wel hende wipin k wel feir pende Horn 1138. 
pin(d)fold pinfold, prompt, parv. 400; Wr. voc. 239. 

punden (pinde), ASax. pyndan, shut up, ^includere", 
prompt, parv. 400*; Halliw. diet 625; in prison , . . 
pende pi. t. 598; je punded a. r. 72; compos, ipunden. 

p 1 n d e r jJiWer, „inclusor", Wr. voc. 214. 

punge, ASax. pung, Olcel. pungr, Ootk. puggs, purse, 
Alts. 1728. 

p u n ge n, ASax. pyngan, pungere; puinde (pungde) 
Laz- 23933. 

puni8lie(n), Fr. punis3-ons, ^w»wA, vis. P. P. 6356. 

purs, burs, Lat. bursa, purse, prompt, parv. 417; purs 
C'hauc. C. t. 653; pors Hardw. p. 64, 6; purse (dat) rel. 
songs VII, 39; purses a. r. 168. 

put, ASax. pytt, Olcel. pyttr, Lat. puteus, pit, -a. r. 
58; Wr. treat. 132; AIm. 717; pit Mand. 94; putte (dat) 
rel. songa V, 111; pette rel. ant. 1, 160. 
putfalle pitjall, Wr. p. s. 193; pitfale Wr. voc. 2li4. 

puten, Gael, pot (push, thrust), Welsh pwtiaw (butt, 


puttok 445 

thrust), Bret, pouta, boiita (pousser), put, pellere, ponere, a. 
r. 116; puten, putten vis. P. P. 6841 & 13085; pute rel. 
songs V, 135; puten, putten Havel. 1033 ds 1051; putten 
Mand. 227: puttin out s. s. Wr. 2068; putte Brand, fl; 
pou pottist Mapts 33fi; pote3 rel. ant. 1, 224; puttel) 
Hardw. poem 16, 3; heo putep , . . vord a. r. 328; thai 
pottiii Aud. 35; putte (pret) La-T^. 18092; Mand. 230; 
Chauc. C. t. 990; put (part.) lud. Cov. 29; iput Marh. 22. 

puttok puttock, „milvus'^, prompt, parv. 418; potok 
Wr. voc. 252. 

puderen puthe>- (pudder); puderes (pres.J a. r. 214*. 

quaier, OFr. quaier, quire, prompt.- parv. 418; quair 
Chauc. c. b. k. 674; qiiaer a. r. 282. 

quaile, OPr. quaille, ODutch quakele, quail, prompt, 
parv. 418; Mor. a. p. 1, 1084. 

quappe(n) quop (whap), Wicl. gloss. 35: Chauc, Trail. 

quasi quaisy (queasy): it is & quasi meet and perilous 
for mannis bodi Hartsh. m. t. 333. 

quaschin, OFr. quasser? quaik, ^quassare", prompt, 
parv. 419; quassed (pret.) Bob. Br. 209, 9. 

quer, OFr. cuer, choir, „choru3", prompt, parv. 420; 
Mand. 70; LAdg. m. JP..258; queor Fum. p. XVII, 436. 

queisen ? Swed. quasa? squeeze, rel. ant. 1, 302. 

quer kin, OFris. querka, querk, „sufiocare", prompt, 
parv. 420. 

querne, ASax. cpeorn, Olcel. kvern, ODutch querne, 
Goth, qairnus, OHGerm. chuirna, quern, „mola", prompt, 
parv. 420; (dat.) Fwti. p. XIX, 233; ayenh. 181; Chauc. 
h. of;f. 179&. 
qwernsti5n Wr. voc. 233. 

qwert, whert „incolumis, sospea", prompt, parv. 420; 
quert s. s. Weh. 771; lud. Cov. 202; hoi and quert Lidg. 
m. p. 38. 

qwie, Olcel. kviga, quy (why), ,.Juvenca", Wr.voc.2l8. 
qwie-calf W?-. voc. 219. 

quilt e quilt, ,,culcitra", prompt, parv. 421. 

quit, OFr. quite, quit, free, e. of I. 1142; cwite a. 
r. 46.^ 

quiter purulent matter, rel. ant. 1, 192; quitore (dat.) 
Fum. p. XVII, 159. 

quiver quiver, „pharetra*', prompt, parv. 421. 


446 r& 

Tti,ASax. rfl,(h), Olod. ri, OHGerm. rtih, roe, pr.comc. 
8938; roa (rk) Mark. 3; ro (roo) pCapreolus", prompt 
paro. 435; rd. ant. I, 121; Eglam. 261. 
r4buk Wr. voc. 219. 

rabet rabbit, promjit. parv. 42h 

rablen, ODvtck rabelen, rabble, apeak rapidly; rable 
(imperoL) llalliic. diet. 661. 

racche (ratche), ASax. rBecc(?), Oleel. rakki, hunting- 
dog, prompt, pare. 422; racche8 ^pi.) Onn. 13505; Gow. 
con/, am, 2, 274; raches aoow. Akk. VI, 7. 

rad, Olcd. hraddr, afraid, Orm. 2170; Iio. 481; ^or. 
a. p. 2, 1543; mei. hom. 73; Jfar. mm-. /)i. 114. 

rad, A^ax. (ge)rftd, rsede, OFria. rede, Go(A. garaids, 
OHGerm. reiter, ready, owl and night. 1041 ; st. gen. 2481 ; 
8. s. Wr. 1290; compos. irM. 

ridliche, jlStKT. raidlice, promptly, La^. 25603; Wr. p. a. 
252; readhche Mark. 10; owl and night. 1279; rMllche 
Hick. tkea. 1, 1G7; redeliche? cr. P. P. 1613; rAdli avow. 
Arth. XIX, 6. 

rftde (roode), ASax. rftd (iWo, t(er), Olcel. reid ^eywt- 
(fiti'o), ODuich reede (slatio naviumj, MHGerm. reite (fjwt- 
tatioj, from rlden, road, prompt, paro. 435; rode fncc^ 
Mapea a 3 9. 
rood(e)-hors, MHGerm. reitroa, Wicl. glosa. 

raechen, A Sax. rEecan, OFris. D§ka (retsa, resza), 
OHGerm. reiclien, reach, po}-rigere, pervenire, attingere, 
Xa3.214]2; rcchen via. P.P. 7209; r^che pr. consc.SSH; 
met. hom. 61; J>e 8chadewe of him rechep to Lempne 
Mand.n-, ttcheS ford mid bode honden w.r.338; r&ht(e) 
(pret.) Wr. spec. 42; met. hom. 162; rA3t(e) Mor. a. p. 
2, 1691; raght(6) Octav. 977; rftughte Gkauc. C. t. 2917; 
me him to rShte (reahte) Anne sceld ^03. 23775; FAugbt 
(part.) Lidg. st. of Th. 158; compos, a-, at-, i-, ofra;chen, 

raed, ASax. rad, OFris. red, OSax. r&d, Olcel. r&d, 
OHGerm. rit, couruel; rad, read (red) La^. 610 (fe 866; 
ned, r&p, Orm. 1415 tfe 18719; read, iL3 Kath. o79 & 2000i 
red, read a. r. 6 (fe 66; rSd owl and night. 682; B06. 
Olmc. 26, 6; BeA. 100; c. 0/ i. 1001; at 3^ 309; Shorek. 
1^7; transact. 18, 28; CAaitc. f. (. 667; a. a. Wr. 1260; 
pr. consc. 2014; an(, .irtA. F//i, 2; reed jwompf. ^rw. 
426; Wr. spec. 104; «w. P. P. 8776; //occZ. i, 108; h^ 
token An oper red Havel. 1194; to pe federlgs was be 


raed 447 

r&p (r. w. Up^ 75j r&de CiJat^ .^rlA. and Med. 2634; 

compos. M(w)-, wandrgd, 

rsedsive counseHo-, £03. U615, 

r^dlea owl and night. 691; Mar. mir. pi. 150. 

raed? compos, ftn-, Bamrsd, orrSp. 

redels, AStfx. rtedels, MHGerm. rsitaal? see Gr. gr, 
2, 335, riddU, Wr. voc. 160; vU. P. P. 8394; ridel 
prompt, parv. 433, 

raeden, ASax. rscdan, OFria. r&la, GotA. (ga)redaii, 
OS03;. r&dan, Oleel. rftda, OHQerm. r&tan, r^d (rcrf), 
counsel, interpret, guess, govern, Lar^. 10323 & 17976; 
reden Chauc. Troil. 668; rMe owl. and night. 1695; Bek. 
831; Gow. com/, am. 1, 151; iw. 2153; Fum. p. Ill, 60; 
P(^cei}. 1248; an(. .^rtA. XLllI, 4; rSde rMels aia. P. P. 
8394; pat dremes coupe rede Mor. a. p. 2, 1578; r&pea 
Orm. 2948; rApe Havel. 1335; rsede (pres^ Om*. 18336; 
reade a. r. 24; rMe a. s. Wr. 1689; IIoccl. I, 382; ic 
rMe dat ^e flen st. ^en. 3118; r4dep c. of I. 943; who 
se riht r6dep roune to John Wr. spec. 26; [riedde, r6dde 
(pret.) LnT,. 414 (fe 9608; rftdde Orm. 6496; Bek. 467; 
Goto. conf. am. 2, S3.;] rscden La^. 11414; rM(e) (mbj.) 
met. horn. 39; rMin (part.) HaUiw. diet. 673; compos, a-, 
bi-, for-, irseden. 

raeden, ASax. (ge)rEedan, ODutch r^en, Go(A. raidjan^ 
MHGerm. reiten, /rom rild, »-ed, prepare: and large roum 
about hfim rMde ^IrtA. owd Afwi. 7906; compos. a-(?), 

raden? compos, cun-, fela3-, f6r-, freond-, hate-, luf-, 
man-, sibrSden. 

raedien? ready, prepare; rfidie (redie?) Mand. 185; 
rediea (pres.) Iw. 1956; compos, a^, birfidien? 

r a e d i 3, /rom (at Gierm. fertig yrowi &rt) ? r^atf^ 
0)wi. 2527; rradi (readi) i«3. 8651; r^i ret. sor^s II, 
45; si. gen. 1066; vis. P. P. 2465; Mand. 236; & rfidi 
wei Tor. 869; reedi TTtci, JoAn 7; compos, iredi. 
redili readily, Trial. 2, 37; CAomc. G t 14082. 

rSdinesse readiness, prompt parv. 426. 

raemen, ODutch raemen (extender e, intendere, consi- 
derare), OHGerm. r&meD (intendere, dirigere) ? ream, reach, 
seise? La^. 4i38; r^mip Alia. 3347; holde 6ver ich his 
owene mester & nout ne reame odree a. r. 72; heo . . . 
rsemden to gadere La.;^. 613; see raimen. 


448 _ raeren 

raeren, ASax. neran, rear, erigere; neren (reare) 
Lai,. 17458; ftei ISte r^ren k halle a. a. Wr. 138; rero 
Ckauc. dr. 468; rSre (I'mper.) pa. 50, 11; rerde (pret.) 
Fum. p. VIII, 86; Rob. Glouo. 28, 5; compos, areren.' 

raes, ASax. raes (impetus, airsus), Olcd. r4s (cursus), 
ras (lapms, praedpttantia)? race, course; reas £^1.3. 2283; 
res owl and night, 512; he was wrop and mated 4 res 
(onsetf) 3. s. Web. 2391 ; if pou me woldist hire & rfe 
(wkUef) Wr. p. a. 200; rees Gow. conf. am. 1, 335; erl 
of T. 1080; Gain. 643; avow. Arik. XXII, IG; rds, reas 
m. AHk. F. 1957 & 2961 ; raa ^r. consc. 8938; raese, rese 
('(^a(J LaT,. 21367 (fe 31236; on k r<?se (rase) Pwceu. 1145 
(fe 1366; Mor. a. p. 2, 1782; to pe bischope in & ra,s he 
ran met. horn. 141; of raas pa^ i were rasch Mor. a. p. 
I, 1166; rsesen (dot. pi.) La'^. 5200; compos, inras. 

raesen, ASax. rEesan [Vmw^, OJcei. rtesa (in cursum 
milterej, rasa (rufre)? Swed. r&sa fruere, grassari, furere)f 
ODutck raesen, rasen (furerejf race (raise), rush, La-7_. 
1004; rfise rage, Ijpom. 1831; r^se (rase?) rushf Gow. 
conf. am. 2, 264; Saladin began to r^se for ire Hich. 
3633; ant te drake r^sde to hire Mark. 10, 17; & resdcu 
to pan castle La^. 1679. 

raft, Dan. Swed. raft, Olcel. raptr, lath, avow. Arlh. 
XXV, 3. 

rafter (raftnr), ASax. rasfter, ODutsh rafter, rafter, 
Cham. C, t. 9:12; refter „tra6s", Wr. voc. 260; ayenb. 
175; rseftres (refteres) L«3. 7829. 

ragge, Olcel. rogg (yiUus), rag, f,cincinnus, panni- 
adua", prompt, parv. 421; Shoreh. 110; ragges (pi.) Wr. 
p. s. 150; Gow. conf. am. 1, 100. 

raggid ragged, prompt, parv. 421 ; 4 ragged colt Alia. 
684; in raggede cl6pes vis. P. P. 6639. 

raiken (raike), Olcel. reika, raik, run, ramble, pr. 
consc. 4891; m. Arth. F. 3373; met. hom. 58; reike Maprs 
342; raikes (pres.) Mor. a. p. 3, 89; raikinde (part.) a. r. 

rail, Swed. regel, OHGerm. rigil? rail, „pwrilltia", 
prompt, parv. 422; Gow. conf. am. 3, 75. 

railen rail; raile (pres) prompt, parv. 422; railed 
upon 4 r6we Min. 16; lettres railed k right m. Anh. F. 

raimen ^ raemen? cmp. too Swed. rama (capere, arri- 


raisen 449 

j>ere), rame, reach, take: falser men might no man raime 
erl of T. 431; raimi ayenh. 44; reime Bob. Br. 185, 4; 
al pat pe riche mai reime P. P. p. 543; raimep (pres.) 
Wr. p. s. 150; reimed (pret.) Rob. Br. 29, 17; compos. 
areimen ? 

raisen, Olcd. reisa, GotJi. raisjan, [ASax. rSsiani'] 
raise; reise Wid. John 11; ressen Orm. 15599; reisede 
(pret.) rel. ant. 1, 224; compos, a-, upraisen. 

rak, ASax. racu? Olcd. rok? rack, doudf Haiiiw. 
diet. 662; Mor. a. p. 3, 176. 

rake, ASax. race, ODutch rake, rake, ^rostrum", 
prompt, parr. 422; Wr. voc. 201, 
rakestel Chauc. C. t. 6531. 

rake? compos, arendrake. 

rake, ASax. hraca(?), OH Germ, racho, ^ow, Marh.ll, 
li ; rd. songs V, 214. 

raketese, ASax. racenteag, chain, (ace.) Lai,. 16752; 
rakenteis (pi.) Halliw. diet. 666 ; raket€ben (dat pi) 
Kath. 919*; raketeie Fum. p. VUl, 141. 

rakel raclde, rash, Chatic. C. t. Tyr. 17227; Mor. a. 
p. 3, 526; rakil ffoccl. I, 83; lud. Cov. 24. 

rakin, ASax. racian (regere), ODutch raken (radere, 
tangere), Olcel. raka (radere), rfl,ka (tangere), Swed. raka 
(radere, currerej, rfika (tangere), Ooth, ufrakjan (Iktsivbiv), 
ralte, „rastrare'', prompt parv. 422; raken tangere, st. 
gen. 3324; carrere, cr. P.P. 144; rake (rike?) Anh. and 
Merl. 8048; pe right sholder o wai he rfla (=: rakes, r. w. 
t4s = takes) Iw. 3267; Horn t6 halle rakede Horn 1084; 
mid aweorden heom to rakeden LaT,. 18058. 

rakke, ODvich racke, ra£k, crates, prompt, parv. 422; 
Halliw. diet. 665. 

ram, ASax. OHOerm. ram, ram, nvervex", prompt, 
parv. 422; Orm. 1136; Iw. S019; Lidtj. st of Tk. 1. 

r3.mien (romen, rome) roam, vis. P. P. 6836; Chauc. 
Troil. 1608; romep (prea) Alis. 7207; p4 Romleoden 
r&meden 5eond Men iaj. 7854; rdminde (part) a. «. 
Web. 1429. 

ram mi n ram, prompt, parv. 422; rammed (pret.) 
Arth. and Merl. 533. 

rammisch rammish, Chauc. C. t 12815. 

ramsis roj^, wUd garlicf promp:. parv. 422. 

L ,-<,::..C.OOglc 

ran, Ir. Gael, rann, poem, song, a. s. Web. 2723; ron 
Wr. spec. 33; ronnes (pi.) Katk. 108. 

ran, Olcet rann (domua). 
ransakin, Olcel. rannsaka, ransack, „scrutari, investigare", 
prompt, parv. 423; ransaken st. gen. 2323; ransake CAawe. 
C. (. 1007; ransake (pres^ rel. ant. 1, 8; ransakand (pari^ 
ps. 7, 10. 

rand, AS ax. OHGerm. rand, Olcel, rond, rand, border; 
randez (pi.) Mor. a. p. I, 105. 

(r a n d i e n ?) rondin, OFna. randa, rend, Marh. 6 ; 
ronden Kath. 1998; see renden. 

rank, A8ax. ranc, Olcel. rakkr? rank, h. s, 5095; 
lawmh. 200; ranc Orm. 9622; st. gen. 2105; ronk Mor. 
a. p. I, 843; ranke (pi) Wr. p. s. 341. 

rap, Dutch Dan. rap, hasty, 6am. 101; rape (adv.) 
Ckauc. r. r. 6516. 

rapliche hastily, vis. P. F. 11363; rapli met. hom. 32; 
Mn. 24. 

r&p, ASax, rftp, GotA. raip, Olctl. reip, OHGerm. reif, 
rope, ^MM, Xaj. 20833; Orm. 15818; rop Rob. Qlouc. 
448, 17; roop prompt, parv. 436; r&pe ((^a(^ re?. an(. 2, 
282; rope Shoreh. 110; rApes (pi) Min. 37; compos- 

rflpere roper, tui. P. J*. 8121. 

rape (rap?) haste, ^feBtinatw", prompt, parv. 423; »■ »• 
Web. 1631; reL ami, 1, 115; h. s. 2143; rape (dat) vu. 
P. P. 8141; Gow. conf. am. 1, 296; over peo table he 
leop a rape Alts. i269. 

rapien (rapin), Olcd. hrapa (mere, featinare), hast^ 
yjestinare^i prompt, parv. 423 j rapen si. gen. 2376; rape 
Gow, conf. am. 1, 335; sacram. (i59; rape and renne 
Chauc. C. t. 13350; rape pe to shrifte vis. P. P. 3272; 
pe folk pat escaped td Scotland p&m raped £o&. Br. 90, 8; 
compos, uprapen. 

rappe, Dan. rap, Swed. rapp, rap, „ictu3", prompt- 
parv. 423; rappes (pi) Octov. 334; Em. 660. 

rapp en (rappin), Swerf. rappa, rap, „pulsare", prmnpt. 
parv. 423; vis. P. P. 649; rappe lud. Gov. 183. 

rir, ASax. gerflr, roar; rore (dat) Goto. conf. am. 3, 
74; r&ris (pi.) Gaw. gloss. 

r&rien trfire), ASax. r&rian, ODutch OHGerm. rfiren, 
roar, rttgire, Iw. 242; pr. come. 7341; r^rin prompL 


rasch 451 

parv. 437; r6re Fam. p. XIX, 241; Eglam. 327; rorede 
(pret.) Havel. 2438; Octov.n39; rarinde (part.) Mark 17. 

rasch, OB Germ, rascer, Olcel. riiskr, rash, Mor. a. p. 
1, 1166; rashe (adv.) I. c c. ]8. 

rasken, ASax. r^escian (vibrarej? Olcd. raska (tur- 
bare)f pan beginnep he to klawe and to raske A. s 4282. 

raspen, Bvich raspen, Dan. raspe, Swed. raapa, rasp; 
rasped (part) Mor. a. p. I, 1545. 

ratelen, ODutch ratelen, rattle, rel. ant. I, 65; ratled 
(pret) AHh. and Merl. 7858. 

raten, Swed. rata, rate, reprove; ratid (part) Chaue. 
C. t. 3463; compos, araten. 

ratte, ODutch ratte, rat; rattes (pi.) via. P. P. 398; 
Mand. 250. 

ratten, MHOerm. ratzen? tearf ratted (part) Mor. a. 
p. 2, 144. 

rap, ASaa;.'h.Tse3, Olcel. hradr, OHGerm. hrader (icier), 
rath, hasty, Percev. 98; rape mon ant. Arth. XXXlV, 9; 
rade rathe, quickly, early, La^. 4338; Kath. 554; dis sonde 
h4ni overtaked rade st. gen. 2313; rape Orm. 13766; 
ayenh. 152; vis. P. P. 1503; Chauc. C. t. 3766; Rob. Br. 
87, 13; met. horn. 26; rape oper late owl and night. 1145; 
reade, rede (rade) a. r. 54 (& 86; rader (oompar) rather, 
Laz- 3539; a. r. 190 <fe 384; Bek. J652; Shorch- 160; 
Chauc. C. t. 10176; is rapere wlf hia former wife, Bob. 
Qloue. 286, 22; pe rapere toon Mand. 46; rapest (super- 
lat) vis. P. P. 9327; Chauc. C. b. k. 428. 
radliche qaiokly, a. r. 422*; rapli Min. 29; Mar. mir. pi. 

raven, ASax. hnefn, Olcel. hrafn, OHGerm. hraban, 
raven, rel. ant, 1, 218; Mor. a. p. 2, 465; ravin lud. Cov. 
350; reafen (reven) a. r. 84; reven Wr. treat. 133; ra- 
venes (pi) s. s. Wr. 3147. 

ravin, Lat. rabere? rave, prompt, parv. 424; rave 
Gou: conf. am. 1, 282; Itid. Cov. 44; 1 rave (prea) Hoccl. 
I, 394; we rave Ckauc. C. t. 12887; raved (pret.) vis. P. 
P. 9606. 

rfl.w, ASosc. hreap, Olcel. hr&r, OHGerm. rower, raw, 
r.crudas", prompt, parv. 424; Alis. 5774; Mand. 208; rfta 
Wr. p. a. 237; rft Wr. voc. 200. 
rftwhede „cruditaa", prompt, parv. 424. 

r&waesse rawness, prompt, parv. 424. 


451 rftwe 

riwe, ASax. rAp, row, KaA. 1954; Trist 3, 78; Mw. 
a. p. 1, 544; avow. Arth. VI, 8; rowe „senet, linea", 
prompt, pare. 438; Horn 1086; j4mM 1900; Tor. '818; 
for prS ni^tes a rowe he seij pat same si^t ckron. VHoi. 
68; r€we Btk. 2101; G<jk'. cow/, om. I, 50 (fe 3, 306; 
Chauc. C. t. 2868; dep. of R 3, 10; a rive a. r. 90; bl 
reawe 336; compos. da3n[Wfl? 

rftwen? fe dai rSwed (broke) vis. P. P. 12323. 

razen rase, ttretckf raxed ^et) vis. P. P. 3269. 

raxlen atretckt raxlede (pret.) La^. 26992; r&xled 
Mor. a. p. 1, 1173. 

re-, Fr. Lot. re-, 
receive receive, k. a. 236, 
recoilen, Fr. reculer, recoil, a. r. 294. 
recorden, OFr, recorder, record, a. r. 256. 
reherseCn), OFr. rehercer, rehearse, Chauc. C. t. 4509; 
reberce jw. consc. 2390. 

reIeBe(ii), Fr. relaisser, Lot relax&re, release, pr. ctmsc. 
8818; release (pres.) Chauc. C. t 11917; released (part.) 
vis. P. P. 1472. 

releYe{n), Fr. relever, relieve, vie. P. P. 12359. 
remembreii, OFr. remembrer, remember; t remembred 
me Mor. a. p. 3, 326. 

reBfdt, OFr. reaplt, respite, Belc. 631; ayenb. 39. 
reward, Fr. regard, reward (regard), vis. P. P. 11901; 
pr. consc. 18&0. 

read, ASax. read, OFris. r4d, OSax. rod, Ootfi. rauds, 
Olcd. raudr, OSQerm. rot, red, a. r. 112; reed Mand. 
57; Chauc. C. t 153; Hoed. I, 159; r^d rei. songs V, 
244; reade (^stit)^ KaA. 1432. 

readien, ASax. readian? redden; rSdes (pres.J Wr. 
spec. 34; ireaded (part.) a. r. S66. 

reaf, JSoa:. reaf, 0-Fnli. iM, ODutch roof, OHGerm. 
Touf (iyoliwn^j, #■«/, roJe, Mw'i,- nef (reaf) Loj. 8612 4 
28760; reif apd. 12; r^ve (aat^ owl and night. 458; JrfA. 
and Merl. 8396. 
neflsc rapine, Xa^. 22601 ; rMlCC a. r. 202; £{. j^cn. 436. 

(reak) reek, i&t, ASax. hreac, ride, „acermu", prompt, 
parv. 428; Wr. voc 154; rd. ant. 2, 80; rfikes (^) 
Chauc. t. I. prol.; Wid. gloss. 

(ream} r§m, ASax. reani(?X LOerm. ratim, Dutch room, 
ream, cream, ^tc^ tkes. 1, 227; .^rlA. an<2 Med. 1455. 


ream 4lii 

ream, ASaa:. hream, cry, a, r. 1 1 • ; rffim (ream) L03. 
11280; rsem Orm. 8137; rem rel. ant. 1, 209; owl and 
night. 1213; st. gen. 1962; reames (pi.) Ka^. 164. 

rearde, ASaa. reord (for reard, see Or. gram. 1, 351, 
3* ed.), OHQerm. rarta, Goti, razda, Olcel. rodd, ratrd, 
speech, voice, sound, ayenh. 24 (& 60; reord, rerd, Orm. 
9566 & 16664; rerd Jw. 2073; a. a. Web. 910; ifor. mtr. 
fl. 178; be him kiiSu wel bi bis rerde rd. ant. 2, 374; 
see rord, 

reordien, ASaai. reordian, ^eak, La^. 22170. 
reave n, ASosb. reafian, OFris. r&ra., ODutoh rooyen, 
Olcd. reyfa, OHQ-erm. roubon, Oo^ (bi)raabon, fivm 
raaf? reave, Kath. 1229; a. r. 286; reave Shorek. 46; 
rfflfeii Orm. 2016; rSven (rfivin) „apoltar€", prompt parv, 
431; si. (/BM. 2802; harrow. 132; rgve CAawc. C. t 4009; 
apoi. 48; revef (pres.) Hoccl. F, 21; if be r^vep me mi 
right vis. P. P. 12630; rfires pr. come 251; r&yis e. s. 
Wr. 2348; rsevede (pret.) £03. 4038; r^ved Jtfm. 12; 
refde Marh. 13; r&fte i/etpes 336; r6ft {>ort> Tot-. 2176j 
r&ft 9. s. TTr. 1015; ireaved ayenh. 143; compoi. bireaTen. 
r ere re, A8ax. reafere, reaver, robber, rd. eongn VII, 
27; Wid. gloat.; rSvar apol. 112; reavareB (pi.) a. r. 150; 
A. m. 29; rEBveres Xa^. 14059. 

reccben (rKccben), A8ar. reccan (regere, dirigere, 
porrigere, exponere), OSax, rekkiaa (exponere), Olcd. rekja 
(explicare), OHGerm. recchen (extendere, exponere, ex^4- 
care), retch, direct, extend, explavn, La'^. 14079 i& 25632; 
if he can recben dis dromes wold at yem. 2122; wen beo 
shulden pider reccbe rel. ara. 2, 279; pe sunne recched 
hire rune Mark. 9; recched fiver abliten a. r. 164j out of 
his sl€pe he taught m. Arth. ^.3191; At of sdpe beo 
rebten La-^. 26646; bSre armes whan hi upward reiste 
Furn. p. XX, 95 ; i was rauht on roodetrS XXV, 63 ; 
compos, a-, for-, i-, uprecchen. 

rSche (reche?), MHGerru. ruoche, re<^, ewe. 
rficbeles, ASax. rgceleas, MHQerm. ruochelos, refaA-, rede- 
less, Ghauc. G. t. 4649; Lidg. st. of Th. 1039; rtehlBs 
Hick. thes. 1, 233; reckeltes Orm. 932; rekkeles frompt. 
pare. 428. 
recbelSsneBse recMessnesa, vts. P. P, 6638. 

rSccben (rfibchen), ASax. rdccan, rScan, Olcd. riskja 
(rsekja), 08ax. rokian, MHGerm, mochen, reck, care, 


4S4 r6d 

Laz- 18042; rScche (recche?) owl and night. 801; rSkkea 
(rekk_eQ?) prtympt. parv. 428; Orm. 16165; rfike (reke?) 
Bick. 1811; rfoche (r. w. fecche) (pres.) Fvm. p. VIII, 
112; of 6per ping ne r6cche i noht Wr. spec. 69; i reche 
nSver who it h4re Aud. 61; rsecche Xaj. 3170; recche, 
r^kke Chauc. C. t 1400 & 5911; r^ke (? r. w. speke) 
Halliw. diet. 676; jif heo beod feor, me ne rScched a. r. 
104; rfiches Mor. a. p. 2, 465; recp owl and night. 491; 
r^kkep vis. P.P. 9976; ye rechep of me lite Alts. 7319; 
rgcchen Maitd. 64 ; r&whe (imper.) pe nfivere vts. P. /*. 
6638; rfiche ('swtjMnct^ rel. ant. 1, 225; rohte (rohte ?) 
(pret.) Orm. 9024; ro^te owl and night. 427; Brand. 34; 
avow. Arth. XXV, 15; rfluhte a. r. 60; roughte vis. P. P. 
12075; Chauc. G. t, 3770; ^ tresoun roughte pe king 
Bich. 1669. 

rSd? compos, dairsd. 

rodden, ASax. hreddan, OFris. hredda, OHGerm. 
retten, rid (red), Orm. 8126; ridde Qaw. gloss.; redde 
(pret.) Orm, 19316; pe children perwip fram dSpe he 
redde Hartsh. m. t. 133 ; red (part.) Arth. and Merl. 8606 ; 
compos, aredden. 

rede? compos, midrede. 

rfiden, ASax. rSdan (legere, loqwi), Olcel. rceda 
floqiti); Goth, rodjan (XSyetv, XoXsiv)? read, speak, a. r. 
286; rel. ant. 1, 263; Havel. 244; Skorek. 47; clerkes pat 
conne rfiden c of t 1241; n6 tonge ne mihte r^den, ne 
poujt penken hie mihtfol dSden 1359; wa schal unker 
spSche rede owl aad night. 1780; rede and say(e) pr, 
consc. 6288; per hfird 1 rede in roune who Triatrem 
gat and bar Trial. 1*1; rsedeo (reade) La^. 4497; rSde 
(prea) at gen. 34; pei rSden Mand. 83; rMde (pret) 
rel. ant. 1, 59; rfl^de La^. 10; t^. F. P. 2048; redden 
Gkauc. C. t. 11025; red (part.) Orm. 6870; rad Gow. 
con/, am. 1, 194; Mand. 132; Degrev. 962; irad Fura. 
p. XVII, 431. 

rfidere reader, Wr. voo 210; Marh. 20; Bek. 1068; 
SioreA. 47. 

r^dunge reading, a. r. 286. 

reye, ODutch reye, MHGerm. reie, ray, chorea; reyes 
(^) Chauc. k. of J. 1236. 

reihe, rowhe, ASax. reohha, ray, raja, prompt, parv. 
427 (fe 438; rehsen (roh3en) (pi) Lot,. 29557. 


reU 456 

reil, ASax. hrsgl, Off Germ, hregil, OFris. hreil, rati, 
vestimentwm. Hick. thea. I, 167; rseil Wr. voc 93. 

rein, ASax. Olcel. regn, OSax. regin (regan), OHQerm. 
regeD, regan, Qodv. rign, OFris. rein, roin, „piMai!o", 
prompt parv. 428; iaj. 3898; a. r. 246; HV. tretri. X36; 
vis. P. P. 9045; Chauc. C. t. 494; rejE Orm. 8622. 
reinbowe rainbow, Wr. voc. 273 ; st jm. 637 ; Fum. p. 
II 170. 
reinwater rain-water, prompt, parv. 428- 

rein in, ASax. regaian, Goth, rignjan, rain, npluere". 
prompt, parv. 428; resnen Orm. 8620; rtne Laj. 19745; 
line ayenb. 49; reinep (prea.) via. P. P. 12034; Mand. 
45; line (aubj.) Wr, treat. 136; rinde (reinede) (pra.) 
ioj. 3896; compoa. bireinen. 

rSk (reek), ASax. rfic, OFris reek, Olcel. reykr, 
OHGerm. rouch, from reoken, reek (reech), „/w»»ws", 
prompt, parv. 426; (rfike) pa. 17, 9; reech Hejliw. diet. 
674; reke (datj pr. conac. 9431. 

reke, OiceiC reki? j^cute? wip gr6t(e) reke ^r(A. oim^ 
JfeW. 7904; in & gr€te reke HaRiw. dv^ 676. 

rSkela (r^kles), ASax. rScels, r^cels, Olcel. reykelsi, 
incaiae, ps. 140, 2; (r^cles) Orm. 146; met horn. 106; 
rikels ret ant. 1, 53; r^cMes, rficheles a. r. 216 & 376; 
richelis prompt parv. 433 ; rtclieh? (mj. riches) La^. 8091. 

reken, Olcel. reka, GofA. rikan, MHGerm. rechen, 
raAc, drive* in erpe pi bodi reke (r. w. speke) Arth. and 
Merl. 1027; ich wnle forpur reke owl and night. 1604; 
t6 her sone schS gan td reke Octov. 1 82 ; his spere to 
his heorte rac (prel.) La^. 9320; in oure ashen colde is 
fir ireke (part) Chauc. C. t 3880; compos, misieken. 

reken, ASax. recen, LGerm. reken, ready, fy? Wr. 
spec. 27; Mor. a. p. 1, 5; rekeneste (svperl) aaUiw. diet 
676; compos, unreken. 
rekenli prompllyf Gate, gloss.; Mor. a. p. 2, 127. 

rfiken (rflke), ASax. r&jan, OHGerm. rouchen, reek, 
„/umare", Lidg. m. p. 114; r^kee (pres.) acotc Arth. 
XV, 8. 

rekenen (reknin), ASax. (ge)recenian, OFris. rek(e)- 
nia, MHGerm. rechenen, reckon, „cotnputare", prompt, 
parv. 428; rekene Wr. treat. 133; via. P. P. 2435; Mand. 
213; li heaut disc. 2109; reknen Gow. conf. am. 3, 121; 
rekne, rikne Chauc. 0. t 403 & 4530; rikenen a. r. 210; 


rikene Wr. spec 68; rekenede fpret.) Furn. p. XXIII, 
17; recned [part.) Orm, 2055; irekened h. m. 33; Lidg. 
St. of Th. 707. 

rekenere (reknare) reckoner, ^computator", prompt, 
parv. 428; rikeQarea (f,l.J a. r. 214. 

rekeniDge reckoning, ayenh. 16; Chauc. G. t. CtOS; 
rekoinge prompt, parv. 428; rekuiDg Lidg. m. p. 240; 
recning Fttrn. p. I, 23. 

r e k k e ? ODvich recke (pertioa) 1 herie rekkes binde 
t6 hire f6t Fwm. p. XV, 192. 

r^men, ASax. hrfiman, from ream, reem, cry, Katk. 
2371; rel. tongs IV, 22; r6me k. s. 7858; 3for. a. p. 1, 
1180; remed (prea.) rel. ant. \, 223; remden (pra.) La-^. 
5795; J/arA. 18; 3if me remde lide furl fUr! a. r. 242; 
je habbed . . . irSmd oe me efter riw'a i. 

ren, Olcel. renni? ncursua", prompt, parv. 429; rimes 
ren(?) st. gen. 1. 

rend en (rendin), ASax. rendan, OFris. reuda, rend, 
„lacerare", prompt, parv. 429; renden Kalh. 1999; rende 
wis. P.P. 395; Lidg. m. p. 202; rende (pret.) Bob. Olouc. 
289, 14; Horn 727; rente Chauc. C. t. 992; rendden 
La^. 7849; rended (part.) met. Aom. 144; irend a. r. 148: 
compos, torendeu. 

reng, OFr. reng, Welsh rheng, rhenc, Bret, rennk, 
Ir. rang, ranc, rank, nseries", prompt, parv. 429; on &. 
reng AHh. and Merl. 1508; renk Brand. 12; renges (pi) 
Chauc. C. t. 2596. 

rengen range, gyrare; ranged (pres.) a. r. 164; rin- 
ginde (part) 140. 

rennele (renlis), OHOerm. renniaal? rendlea (rindlea), 
^coagvlum", prompt, parv. 429. 

r e n n e n, ASax. rennan, cernan, OHGerm. renoen, 
OFris. Olcel. renna, Goth, (ur)rannjan, run, ncurrere", 
prompt, parv. 429; vis. P. P. 10075; renne Furn. p. 
XXflll, 10; semen, ernea La^. 1638 & 8129; renne 
(pres) harrow. 144; Chauc. C. t. 2870; renned Kath. 
2511; rennep Mand. 32; Tor. 1298; Hoed. I, 78; rende 
(„rennede") (pret.) Wicl. gloss.; arnde iaj. 9296; Rob. 
GUmc.liO, 4; ernde //oi'nl239; renaed (part.) Wid.gloss. 

renner, MHGerm. rennaere, runner, ()hauc. C. t. 6865; 
rennare prompt, parv. 429; urnare chron. Engl. 900; ren- 
neres (pL) via. P. P. 2337. 


lent 467 

rent, MHOemi. rente? cowaef Hick. ihes. \, 232. 

rente, Fr. rente, rent, owl and night. 1771; Chauc. G. 
t. 258; renten (pi.) a. r. 168. 

reod, ASax. reod, Olcel. riodr, red, X03. 19890. 

reod, ASax. hreod, OHGerm. riot, reed, arundo, arun- 
dinetum, Alis. 6433; reed (rM) Wr. voc. 226; prompt, 
farv. 426; we(. horn. 36; reode (^^ifcit^ ias- 20168; reedea 
(^.) Mand. 189. 

re oh, ASax. hreoh, keen, bold: |Mit pu awa rSh iert 
iwurden £05. 24784; r^i rel. ant. 1, 188; reehne (aac m.) 
LaT,. 3884 ; riehere (convpar.) 4062; rShest (taperlat.) 
Mark. 13. 
rdhliche quickly, Laj. 9324. 

reoken, ASax. reocan, Olcd. riuka, OHOerm. riochan, 
smeU: pe ensence rSkep Boot« Chauc. I. g. w. 3609; deris. 
r6k, rote. 

(reol) reel, r^l, ASax. hreol, reel, Wr. voc. 180 tfe 
269; prompt, parv. 428; rel. ant. 2, 61. 

rSlia reel, prompt, parv. 429; reled (pret.) Mor. a. p. 
3, 147, 

(reopen) r^pe, ASaic. reopan? pres. rjpd, reap, metere, 
Wr. p. M. 162; p3. 125, 6; rfipe (pres.) via. F. P. 8775; 
reepip Wicl. John 4; ropen (pret.) vis. P. P. 8776; Wid. 
gloea.; ropen (part.) Chauc. I. g. to. 74. 

rfipare reaper, „mes3or", prompt, pare. 430. 

reosen, AiSoa;.- hreosan, fall, L03. 18869; rees (pra) 
15518*; ruren 27986; deriv. rure. 

reoven, ASax. reofan, Olcel. riufa, hur^, break; rdf 
(pret) rel. ant 1, 1; sacram. 48; roven (part.) Halliw. 
diet. 695. 

reow, ASax. hreop, Olcel. hcyggr (tristis)* 
reoTihch Mrry, piteous, La^. 15080; reowu Alis. 6907; 
rewli a. s. Weh. 910; rfiwli, rfiuli at ««». 1162 & 1968; 
rSullch Bob. Olouc. 296, 9; r^uli Bom 1057; Jtfape» 
338; riUi prompt parv. 439; reopllche (adv.) Mark. 4, 
10; reuliche Artk. and MerL 788; rfiwii, rfiuli w»c«. Aom. 
59 <& 143. 

reowe, jISikc, hreop, OHGerm. hrinwa, reto (rue), 
dolor, miaericordia, (dot) owl and night. 1443; rfiwe (aac) 
Bek. 1051. 

r^wful ruefvl, via. P. P. 9216; rguful fWn. p. XVI, 25; 
Tnet. horn. 26; jliwi. 7, 


458 reowen 

reowfulneBse h. m. 41; reoufnlDesBe a. r. 368. 

reowen (reowe), ASax. hreopan, OHGtrm. (li)riuwaii, 
rew (rue), dolere, poenitere, ret. ant. 1, IS4; Mia. 3944; 
Wr. spec. 87 ; seyere hit wule pe reouwen (rfiuwe) La^. 
16047; rfipen (prinied repen) rel. ant. 1, 221 ; rewe 
Triatn. 1944; reue And, 42; rAwin „poenitere, compati", 
prompt, paro. 439; it reopep him Ot-m. 3976; he reWGp 
me o. of I. 541; me rfwep sore for hende Nicholas Chauc 
C. t. 3462; he rfiwes „miseretur^, pa. 36, 26; reewe (tm- 
perat.) Hood. I, 412; rfiw, r6u (pret.) at. gen. 1166 (fe 
1828; for pi ne rtep him noht of hem Orm. 75; cotnpoa. 

reowien, OffOerm, hriuwon? rew (rue); rfiwed (pret.) 
met. horn. 15; rSnde Bek. 298. 

reounesse, ASaa. hreopness, aorrow, pity, a. r. 144*; 
r^wnesse Havd. 602. 

reowB? aorrotef 
rSusfuI rel. songs VII, 15, 

r 6 o w 9 i e n, A8ax. hreopaian, OHQerm. (h)riuwi80n, 
feel sorrow or pity; reousede (pret) Lo.'t,. 22173; compos. 

reopsange, ASaa:. hreopaung, repentance, Orm. 5563. 

reopfle, Olcd. hrygd, rewth (ruth), dolor, tnoeror, 
misericordia, Kath. 2373; reowde, reoude (rfiupe) icj. 
10869 <& 12116; reoude a. r. 33 <& 150; r^wde st. gen. 
2339; rfiupe Bdc. 541; CAawc. C. t. 2394; s. s. Wr. 1389; 
Bob. Br. 71, 11; (rSuthe) pr. conac. 6729; rflpe (rtithe) 
promvt. parv. 439; ots. P. P. 2297. 
reoudfnl a. r. 116; Mis. 6501; rfiupful c of I. 197. 
reopdfuUiche Marh. 4, 8. 

rfip, ASox. rjp? /rom reopen, reo^ „Aflrfesf". Wid. 
glossy (rfipe) „handfid of corn", ibid.; „mampulus", Wr. 
voc. 201; njavele", 154; rei. an*. 2, 80; (reepe) Towm. 
myst. 13. 
rSp-tlme reaping-time, Wicl. gloss. 

repen, ASax. hrepian, tmuA, take, a. r. 128*; compoa. 

rfire, ASax. hrfire, rccr (rear), raw, prompt, para. 430. 
?r£remoiiB, ASax. hrSremOs, rearmouse, vespertUio, Wr. 
voc. 1&4; Wid. gloss.; rflremis {pi) dep. oj E. 24, I. 

reschen? hire leofllche llch reschte of pe Uie 
Hark. 18. 


Teste 469 

reete, ASax. rest, neet, OSax. resta, OHGerm. resti, 
rest, quies, LaT,. 28328; a. r. 166; c. of I. 90; st. gen. 252; 
CkatK. C. t. 9729; reste & r6 Orw. 7042; to 6che reate 
Kath. 2373; whan pei w6re a reste pm. P. P. 2939; 
riate me*. Awn. 70. 

resten, ASax. OHGerm. restan, OSax. reatian, rest, 
^ieacere, Mark. 6; a. r. 260; Onn 9598; st. gen. 1369; 
Brand, 6; via. P. P. 1831; riate Perceii. 1203; reatep 
("^ires^ Skorek. 133; reste ("pref-^J £03. 2511. 

reeaten reest, become rancid, prompt, parv. 431. 

rgsti reesty fruaty), „rancidua", prompt, parv. 431; rel. 
ant. 2, 29. 

re tin (rfitin?), Duich reten, Swed. rota? re( (rait), 
prompt, parv. 431- 

rSpe, ASacc. hrMe (rMe?), mde, fierce: pe weder, als 
iD somer sm^pe, son bigan b^ riij and r^pe met Horn. 
XV 111. 

reper, ASax. hreoder, hrider, OFria. hrither, rather, 
bos; reoder a. r. 140*; reperes (gen.) Wr. p. ». 220; 
roperes (reopereaj Alia. 4719; reoderen (pi.) Kath. 60; 
nideren (ropere) L03. 8106; roperen Eob. Gloac. 62, 21; 
cr. P. P. 857; reperne tounge ox-tongue, bugloss, HaUiw. 
diet. 680. 

reule (rewle), Lat regula, rule, prompt, parv. 432; 
Ckauc. C. t. 173; riwie a. r. 2; riulen (pi.) 428. 

reve, OHGerm. reba (vitis)? compos, hai-, hurdreve. 

r6ve, ASax. gerSfa, reeve, steward, govemour, prompt 
parv. 431; La^. 16597; Mark 6; Bek. 49; (reeTe) Chauc. 
C. t. 544; rife pr. consc. 5785; rfivea (gen.) tria. P. P. 
3328; rSven (pi) Kath. 1975; compos, borh-, achinBre. 
rSfachipe Kath. 11. 

riban, Ir. ribin, Gael, ribean, Brrt. ruban, rOhon, rel. 
ant. 1, 1-9; riband prompt, pam. 432; rebant Wr. voc. 
268; ribanea (pi) vis. P. P. 310; rebaas on*. Arth. II, 4. 

rib be, ASax. ribb, OFria. rib, OAitcA ribbe, OHGerm. 
rippi, rt'J, Wr. woe. 226; prompt, parv. 432; ('occ^ «. 3. 
Web. 1572; ribbea ('p?^ taj. 1603; -ffo»e(. 1900; CAomc. 
C. I. 6088; cOTKjwa. dowribbe. 

ribbe-, ribskia a piece of leather worn in dreatvng fiax 
with the rib, prompt, parv. 432; ribschin Wr. voc. 269. 

ribben, £6enn. ribben, dress with the. rA: ribbin flax, 
hemp prompt, parv. 433. 


490 rtciie 

rlche, ASax. rice, OSaas. rlki, Olcel. rikr, (?o(A. reiks, 
OHQerm. ridier, rwA, prompt, parv. 433; L03. 128; iTo/A. 
2360; a. r. 66; Orm. 6384; Bek. 341; .SAoreA. 57; Rick. 
5899; rlke Hartak. m. t. 15; ricchere (comp.) Lot,. 9911; 
Fum, p. XIII, 92; richere si. ^cm. 1280; richore chron. 
Engl. 409; richeste (mperlat) me. P. P. 1773. 
ricEedsm, OSax. rlkidQm, OHOervi. rich(e)tuoiu, riches. 
Lot,- 8328; h. m. 3. 

richeliche richly, L03. 2728; Jinw 689; Triat. 2, 40; 
richelike st. gen. 2442. 

ricbe, ASax. rice, OStKr. OJcei, riki, GWA. reiki, 
OHQerm. richi, reiipn, dominion, Katk. 2371; Fum. p. 
VIII, 179; a. r. 40; Orm. 7011; owl and night. 357; 
Wr. treaL 132; ayemft. 66; Wr. spec. 94; rei. on(. 1, 42; 
Horn 20; Soic. conf. am. 2, 268; rike Havd. 290; Aor- 
roto. 178; lio. 142; ps. 21, 29; Flor. 1809; compos. 
bischop-, heven-, kine-, kingnche. 

richesBe, Fr. richeese, riches, „opule>itia", prompt, 
parv. 433; c. oj L 1016. 

ride, OMGerm. gertt? rWe, way, facc.^ st. gen. 3950, 

ride? compM. unnde. 

ridil, omp. OHQerm, nt(e)ra, riddle, ^cribrum", prompt, 
parv. 433. 

ridel rider; compos, fomdel. 

ridelin riddle, nOribrare", prompt, pare. 433; ridlen 
a. T. 234; ridlide (prei.) Wid. gloss. 

rlden, A8ax. ridan, OFris. rida, Olcel. rida, OHQerm. 
ritaji, ride, Lwt,- 432; a. f. 216; ride Bek. 1179; ridep 
(pres.) Orm. 6966; rit ms. P. P. 339; rfl^ (>re(^ Mark. 
17; Tnk. 1, 16; met. hom. 135; Perceu. 496; rod Tor. 
505; (rood) i;wr. P. P. 11567; riden ^(m. 1038; Chauc. 
C. t. 827; ridden Etch. 4025; riden (part.) Chauc. C. t. 
48; iride Artk. and Merl. 3103; tfmv. r&de. 

rid ere rider, Xaj. 9288; vis. P. P. 6217. 

rif, ODutch Olcd. rif, j-cc/ fo/ a saH), Qow. conf. am. 
3, 341. 

lit, ASax. hrif, OPm. rif, ret; OHQerm. href, «/, 
loomb; compos, midrif. 

rif, ASact. ODutch rif, Olcel. rifr, rt/e, abundant, hie- 
ral, Shoreh. 112; st. gen. 1252; ^occl. /, 427; of riches 
pO« art BO tI{ Eglam. 1041; rif (rife) ps. 26, 1*; rife 
Oow. conf. am. I, 213; rive A. m. 29; Fum. p. XVII, 52; 


Wr. p. s. 195; bala per wes rtye La^. 20079; rife (plA 
Percev. 560; rive (adv^ Kath. 2513; Mapet 350; pat fofc 
pat deide so rive ifo6. Glouc. 262, 6- 
rifii rel. ant. 3, 7; 97ie(. Aom. 42. 

rifUn, OFr. rifler? rifle, „spoliare", prompt, parti. 483; 
rifiede (pret.) via. P. P. 2940 ; rifeld (part) Min. 6. 

rift, from riven, rift, „rima", prompt, pars. 433; reft 
Ckattc. r. r. 2661. 

rift, A Sax. rift, Olcel. ript, doth; rifte (d<a.) La^. 
28475; compos, wajerift. 

riften riji, enu^tare; riftes (prea.) pa. 18, 3; rifted 
(pret.) 44, 2. 

rig, Olcel hregg? riff, atormf Mor. a. p. 2, 382. ■ 

riht, ASax. riht, OSax. reht, OHGerm. rehter, OleeL 
rettr, CotA. r&ibts, Lat. rectus, right, Orm. 763; ml riht 
arm Imt,. 28040; richt rel. ant. 1, 33; riat {= rit?) 1, 
48; rith (= rit) Havd. 1812; Mapea 336; pe righte wai 
Mand. 6; n&ime ribtae (ace.) wei ouil and mght. 1236; 
rihte (adv.) La^. 27345; owl and night. 1244; righte as 
pou w€re & god Mand. 295; righte whar scho lai laumb. 
194; rigbte forth prompt, parv. 434; riht o. r. 2; pat him 
riht (a riht) luvied K<ih. 1741 ; riht s6ne Ijidg. m. p. 29; 
riht (avhat) La^- 2511; owl and night. 948; Tor te don 
alle men riht a. r. 286; rijt at. gen. 3714; Mor, a. p. 
I, 621; a riht an^At, La^. 17631; a. r. 76; mid rijte 
Brand. 3; Shoreh. 60; an fin rihtes (rightis) a. r. 42; 
Alia. 170; compos, i-, un-, upriht 
rightful vis. P. P. 253. 
ri^tfulnes h. s. 600. 

rihtlechen direct, rel. ant. 1, 130; ri3tlecbe Wid. 'gloaa. 
rihtnesBe (nBtnesse) rightnesa, rectitude, £03. 14; ristniese 
Bek. 1627. 

rihtwls rightwise (righteous), La'^. 6537; a. r. 268; Orm. 
2880; c. o/" I. 63; iwm. p. JCJS!F, 38j met hom. 1; rist- 
WK Ifor. a. J). 1, 674; rightwlB s. s. TTr. 2754; rightwea 
pr. conac. 135. 
rigtwishBd at. gen. 3740. 

rihtpisliche Kath. 753; ristwisli Jlfor. a. p. 1, 708. 
ribtwisnesse a. r. 304; rightwrsnesBe JLfan^ 294; vis. P. 
P. 12474. 

rihten, ASaat. OBQerm. rihtan, right, direA, ad^iiat, 
regulate: rihten alle pse ballen La^. 6980; to rihten core. 


462 rijti 

leoden 6254; risten at. gen. 3423; righte Goio. conf. am. 
3, 170; pe riwle pet rihted pe heorte a. r, 410; rigbte 
ndirige", ps. 24, 5; rihtep (imperat.) Orm. 9201; rihten 
(pret.) La^. 26732; & hgre arewes riste Fum. p. XVIll, 
43; compos, a-, i-, uprihten. 

rigti, MHGerm. rihtig? „rightful'^, Tftci. glo»3. 

rihtnen Tighten, correct, Orm. 10361. 

rtkieaf Olcd. rikja, reign; riked (pret.) ps, 92, 1; 
lUcande (part.)? Qaw. gloss. 

rim (line?), ASax. OFris. Olcel. OSGerm. rim, rime 
(rhyme), nwmier, prompt, pare. 434; Orm. 11248; rim 
Smel. 21; rime (dat.) Skorek. 165; Hoed. I, 247; writen 
o rime rel. ant. 1, 224; in rime i rMe Octov. 1679; ant 
aeide pise rime (pi.) Horn 812. 

rim (rime?), ASax. Olcel hrtm, ODutck rim, rime, 
npruina", prompt, parv. 434. , 
rimfroat ppruina*', Wr. voc. 239. 

rim e, ASax. rima,, reoma, rim: rim of & whele prompt, 
parv. 434; rime rJUm"*, Wicl. gloss.; rim (reme) integument 
o/ the foetus, pr. consc. 620 ; compos. A&z~, am-, wuderime. 

rlmen, Aoasc. itmaji, OSGerm. (gi)rimen, rtme (rhyme), 
number, Orm. 11217; rime Goiio. conf. am 2, 173; Bob. 
Br. 71, B; Chauc. C. t 13021; Lidg. m. p. 55; compos. 

rimpil, ODvtch rimpel, rimple, „ruga'*, prompt, parv. 

rimplen rvmplef rimplid, n'^'^^^i^") prompt.parv. 434; 
Chattc. r. r. 4496; Lidg. m. p. 200. 

rln, Olcd. rin? rine, stream, Halliw. did. 685. 

rinde, ASax. rind, OHGerm. rinda, rind, a. r. 150; 
c of I. 1308; oyeni. 96; Rob. Br. 333, 4. 

rinen, ASax. OSax. OHGerm. hrinan, rine, touch; 
rtned (prea.) a. r. 320; r&n (pret) Orm. 15518; compoa. 
a-, irinen. 

ring, ASax. OSax. OHOerm. bring, Olcd. liringr, 
ring, circidas, anmilws, La'^ 30805; a. r. 420; h. m. 2l ; 
Percev. 426; in & ringe Alia. 1112; ringes (pi.) at. gen. 
1872; compoa. earering. 

ringworm „impet%go", Wr. voc. 255; ringwirm ^serpigo", 
prompt, parv. 434. 

ringefn), Olcd. hringja, OHOerm. (gi)lirii^n, ring, 
compass, HaUiv>. did. 686. 


ringen 468 

ringen ring, sonar e, Orm. 901; ringe Ckauc. C. t 
3894; rang (pret.) Iw. 1397; rang, rong Chauc. C. t. 
3215 <fe 14077; rong Boh. Glouc. 509, 14; lat le fr. 181; 
rungen Hartsh. m. t. 15; rongen vis. P. P. 12946; ronge 
erl of T. 319; rungen (part.) Havel. 1132; iningen La^. 
29441; ironge Horn 1025. 

ringen, ASaa:. hringan pret. ringde (clangere) Orein't 
gloss., Olcel. hringja (campanam pulaare) Egilss. lex., ring; 
ringede (pret.) Ckauc. C. t. 2602; ringeden ia^. 24486. 

rink, ASax. OSax. rinc, Olcel. rekkr? rink (renk), 
man, Mor. a. p. 3, 216; rel. ant. 1, 78; renk vis. P. P. 
382; dep. of R 9, 13; rinkes (pi) La-i^. 5188. 

rinnen (rinne), ASax. riunan, irnan, jrnan, oomaii, 
OSax.OHOerm. Goth, rinnan, OFris. Olcel. rinna, renna, 
ODvick rinnen, rennen, runnen, rin (ran, um), currere, 
Perceo. 1662; Isumb. 182; imen La^- 5748; eomen o. r. 
74; Orm. 1336; ernin prompt parv. Ii2; erne Arth. and 
Merl. 1228; ierne (yerne) ayenh. 173; Octov. 966; ume 
Rob. Glouc. 614, 17; rinnes (prea) Iw. 3245; hie 4glien 
rinnes pr. conac. 781; urnep owl and night. 375; emep 
(eornep) c. of I. 730; runnande (part.) met. horn. 114; 
ran (pret) Orm. 1364; Havel. 216; Wr. spec. 83; vis. P. 
P. 291; Mand. 41; pr. consc. 5297; Tor. 1050; ron Hick, 
thes. 1, 227; Such jreoved . . . ron of pat baleful bl6d 
Kath. 205; iam ayenh. 101; ran (for am, r. w. barn) 
.^r(A. oJirf jlffirZ. 2587; orn a. r. 188; Rob. Glow. 208, 
12; runnen Wicl. John 20; apow. .4rtA. XXV, 4; ronnen 
Chauc. C. t 2927; urnen a. r. 112; ume Brand. 22; 
runnen (part) Mor. a. p. 1, 26; ronne via. P. P. 5078; 
iroune Vhauc. C. I. 7; compos, at-, bi-, overrinnen; deriv. 

riote,- OFr. riote, riott hwo se is oawil ine ping pet 
heo baved nndernumen TOr t6 donne ... so pet noc 
wlsure read ne mei bringen hire Ht of hire riote a. r. 
198; he ne hep none hMe of longe riote of tales ayetA. 

rip, Olcel. brip, rip, basket; rippe (dot.) Bavd. 893. 

rip, ASax. rip, rip, mesais, Wicl. glosa.; aee r6p; com- 
pos, irlp. 

ripe, ASax. rtpe, OSax. rtpi, OHQerm. rifer, ripe, 
„maturus", prompt, parv. 434; owl and night 211; Brand, 
38; Alia. 5757; TTtci. John 4. 

., Google 

464 ripd 

ripel, DutA repel, Oerm. rifel, ripple. 
repilsti^ Wr. voc. 269. 

ripen (ripe) ripe, aearch, Town. myst. 112; riped 
(pret.) met. kom. 143; ripande (part.) Mot. a. p. 2, 592. 

ripen, ASax. rlpan, reap, Fum. p. VIII, II; ripe 
ayenb. 214; repen (pret) iaj. 10033; P. P. p. 520; see 

ripien (ripin), ASax. ripian, OHOerm. rifau^ ripe, 
„maturare*', prompt, pirv. 434; ripen vis. P. P. 10873; 
lipid (part.) Wicl. gloss. 

rls^ ASax. Olcel. OHGerm. hris, rise, frona, ramus, 
Wr. spec. 26; Ckauc. C. t. 3324; Launf. 937; on blowe 
ris owl and night. 1634; per he under rise lid La;^. 740; 
hiilen of ris(e) & of leaves a. r. lOO; pe hare pat br^ns 
in pe rise avow. Arth. II, 12. 

rl&en (risin), ASax. OSax. OHGerm. rlsan, OFris. 
Oled. risa, Goth. (ur)rei8an, rise, „surgere", prompt, parv. 
485; risen Orm. 4197; at. gen. 4039; via. P. P. 13245; 
rise Wid. John 11; s. s. Wr. 1603; rfis (raas) (pret) ps. 
3, 6; r&8 (roa) La-T,. 1555; ros rel. ant. I, 209; Mia. 
4378; (roos) vis. P. P. 2939; Wid. John 11; risen s. a. 
Web. 2089; rise Bob. Br. 222, 22; resin Tor. 2668; 
reson £jrZ(rat. 284; risen (part.) Chauc. C. t. 1501; risin 
t. a, Wr. 211; compos, a-, uprisen; dem. raiaen. 

riste rist; compos, a-, upriste. 

ritten (ritte), OHGerm. rizzea? rip, HaveL 2495; 
ritto (pres) Gate, gloss.; rittis Halltw. diet. 687. 

rip (rip?), .45(m;. rid (rid?), rilhe, rivua, Wr. voc. 

rive, ODutoh rive, „rastrvm", prompt, parv. 435. 

rivei rtW, wrinkle; rivelis (pi.) Wid. gloss. 

rivelen, ASaai. (ge)riflian, rivel; rivele (prea) rel. ant. 
2, 211; riveling GkoMc. r. r. 7214; riveled Gow. conf. am. 
9, 870. 

riveling, ASax. rifling, a sort of shoe, Itob. Br. 
S82, 4. 

riven (rivin), Olcel. rifa (rwnpere), ODvtch riven (ra- 
dere, frioare), OHGerm. riban ffricare), rive, radere, Uzce- 
rare, prompt, pare. 435; rive Chauc. C. t 9112; pr. conac. 
88&; Lidg. m. p. 189; aat^am. 713; rife Mar. mir. pi. 
154; rflf (pret) Iw. 2616; Perceu. 2157; r4f (rof) ^03. 
28943; riven (paH) Rob. Br. 1+8, 10 j hia rflbes riven 


rtxieii 466 

wfire Trut 1, 53; rifen Iv>. 3539; reTen a. a. c. XII, 6; 
compos, toriven. 

rlxies, ASax. ricaian, OHGerm. rlchison, reign; rtxed 
(prea.) Hick. thee. 1, 224. 

rlxlien reigrt, Laj. 19323; rixlen Orm. 2237; rtxled 
("pres.^ Ji/arA. l9; j. n 80; rtxlen jffaiA. 226. 

r 6, jliSair. rop, Olcel. ro, ODutch roewe, OHGerm. 
ruowa, rfiwa, ywiet, JlforA. 20; Orm. 7042; c. o/ Z. 90; 
Wr. p. s. 149; *»«(. h<m. 14; {ro6) J^Zo.-. 840; Rich. 7135; 
wi. ^r(A. J^. 3614; Mar. mir. pi. 146; ro ant reste rel. 
ant. 1, 116; compos. unriS. 

robben, OFr. rober, ro6, ^aoei. 1958; cr. P. P. 914; 
robbed a. r. 86; robbede RoJ. Glouc. 16, 24; irobbed A. 
m. 15. 

robbare, O/r. robeor, robber, a. r. 150; robbour ifand. 

robberie robbery, Bek. 396. 

roc, ASax. rocc, 0/ce?, rokkr, OHQerm. roc\i (tunica), 
„toral", Wr. voc 93. 

rode, ASax. r6d MVja, pertica, crux), OSax. r6da 
(virga, patihulwm), OFris. rode (padWiim), OHQerm. 
ruota (virga), rood (rod), La-z,. 11165 & 22101; £a(A. 
928; a. r. 26 ȣ 60; Orm. 5608; i-eL aon^s FiJ, 22; at 
gen. 386; J^wm. p. XV, 125; Wr. spec. 85;A^oj-. a. p. 1 
704 (£ 3, 270. 

r6f, .^Soa-. OFris. hr&f, Oi>M(cA roef, roo/, iaj. 2894 
Kot. GioMc. 416, 1; rel. ant. 2, 216; s. s. Wr. 2168; roof 
CAauc. C. t. 3623; rh6f Orai. 11351; r6\B (dat) a. r. 162. 

rok, JiSna;. hroc, Olcel. hrokr, OhQerm. hni