YC i 8269
By IRA S. GRIFFITH, A. B.
Assistant Professor of Manual Arts, Bradley Polytechnic Institute, Peoria, Illinois.
Author of "Essentials of Woodworking," Woodwork for Amateur Craftsmen,"
"Correlated Courses in Woodwork and Mechanical Drawing," and
"Projects for Beginning Woodwork and Mechanical Drawing."
THE MANUAL ARTS PRESS
IRA S. GRIFFITH,
* ADVANCED PROJECTS IN WOODWORK is a collection of projects designed to meet the needs of classes
in high school woodworking. These projects presuppose familiarity with woodworking processes,
tools, and the two simple joints required in the making of projects contained in the author's Pro-
jects in Beginning Woodwork and Mechanical Drawing.
The drawings are complete only as to their general dimensions. The working out of details,
such as the sizes of mortises and tenons and their locations, is left for the pupil in his work in
drawing and design.
It is expected that the projects will afford suitable basic material for classes in woodworking
design. It remains for the instructor to point out the manner in which this material may be used.
For illustration, many beginning students are slow in appreciation of possible modifications in
structure or decoration. Circular tops may be used instead of square or octagonal, and vice versa.
Modification of the manner of filling side spaces with slats offers variety in initiative. Vertical
posts may be made tapering and vice versa. Rails and stretchers may be variously employed.
There is almost always a choice in the matter of joints, keyed or thru or blind tenon. Fig. i is
suggestive as to possible modifications of a type.
In addition to the possible structural modifications, the plates suggest variation in the matter
of decorative ornament such as pierced and carved forms and simple inlay. Such ornament will,
of course, be kept subordinate to the structural design.
The upholstering of stool tops and seats for chairs provides another problem in variation.
Little, if any, use is made of dowels as substitutes for the mortise-and-tenon. While it is true
that modern commercial practice makes much use of dowels in this way, the author feels that
such practice is too often contrary to the principles of good construction. Its genesis lies in
economy of material rather than in any superiority as a fastening device.
In the designing of these projects the author has had in mind at all times the thought that most
ADVANCED PROJECTS IN WOODWORK
of the students using them would have access only to a band-saw or jig-saw and a miter-box in ad-
dition to the regular hand tool equipment. For this reason such projects as hall clocks, mission
beds, etc., have been excluded. The exceptional student will find projects of sufficient size to
tax his ability and muscle. Easier projects and lighter projects have been provided for the weaker
members of the class while the use of slats or their omission will provide additional variation in
time of execution.
The use of stock ordered 8-4-8 (surfaced on four sides) has not been anticipated. The use
of stock S-2-S and moldings such as are carried in stock by lumber yards is presupposed. If a
working principle for the use of stock partly prepared were asked for it would be : Any material
that is carried as stock and which does not have to be ordered especially worked for the project
a boy elects or designs may be made use of legitimately. Such a principle would permit the use
of stock S-2-S, moldings of stock pattern, hardware such as hinges and locks without any sug-
gestion of deception. It would exclude table legs and tops, etc., especially prepared at a mill, and
offers a rational dividing line between two extremes, neither of which is desirable.
Of course, these projects may be used in the teaching of the use of woodworking machinery.
No definite notes as to methods of procedure are given in this book for the student is supposed
to have acquired, thru experience with the projects in the elementary book, enough insight to en-
able him to proceed of his own accord. Definite instruction in making the new joints, in wood-
finishing, etc. will be found in Essentials of Woodworking, a companion book.
While these projects are especially arranged for use with the courses outlined and discussed in
Correlated Courses in Woodwork and Mechanical Drawing, by the author, there is nothing in the form
of the plates themselves to prevent their being used with any course in woodwork.
July, 1912. IRA S. GRIFFITH.
The inking of the drawings and the making of the
perspectives in this book is the work of Mr. George
LIST OF PLATES.
1. Exercises Keyed tenon, Blind
2. Exercises Miter Joint, Glue
3. Exercises Modeling, Hammer
4. Necktie Rack.
7. Upholstered Stool.
8. Leg Rest.
10. Wall Shelves.
11. Stool (square).
GROUP IX. JOINERY.
12. Taboret (octagonal top).
13. Taboret (round top).
14. Small Table.
15. Taboret (square top).
16. Piano Bench.
17. Piano Bench.
18. Book Stand.
19. Umbrella Stand.
20. Umbrella Stand.
21. Jardiniere Stand.
22. Magazine Stand.
23. Roman Seat.
24. Light Stand.
25. Stool (square).
26. Book Trough.
28. Tea Table.
29. Hall Rack.
30. Wall China Rack.
31. Side Chair.
32. Arm Chair.
33. Morris Chair.
34. Electric Reading Lamp.
36. Occasional Rocker.-
37. Mission Chair.
38. Drop Leaf Table.
39. Exercises Mortise-and-Tenon
Joint, Rabbeted Joint,
40. Exercises Thru Multiple Dove-
tail, Half-blind Dovetail.
GROUP X. CABINET WORK.
41. Waste Paper Box.
42. Wall Cabinet.
43. Telephone Table.
44. Sewing Cabinet.
45. Writing Table.
46. Chafing-dish Stand.
48. Library Table.
50. Dressing Table.
51. Linen Chest.
PRICE LIST FOR YEAR 19_
LUMBER Quality, 1st, clear, and kiln-dried.
KIND OF WOOD
Per 1000 feet when surfaced on two sides
Thickness in the Rough
# Sawed White Oak
% Sawed Red Sycamore
Plain Sawed Red Oak
For prices on hardware consult Hardware Catalog provided for you.
Figure retail price, that is, figure screws at price per dozen, not price per gross.
Per square foot of surface covered.
(Form for high school use)
BILL OF MATERIAL
K * SM x 12^
Walnut Slats S-2-S to % in.
1 x 8X x 14K
Stretcher y& in. i
1 x 3J4 x 12K
3 r 9 ir
1 x 14 J^ x 14K
IK x IK x 24^
" Posts " IX in.
2 inch No. 10
Flat Head Brt. Screws
IK inch No. 10
13 sq. feet
TOTAL COST $5.34
INSTRUCTIONS FOR MAKING BILL OF MATERIAL.
Under "pieces" put the number of parts that are alike.
Under "size" put the various dimensions of pieces. In
finding the sizes of the various pieces of lumber, examine
the working drawings for finished dimensions, making due
additions for tenons, then add *4" to the width and J4" to
the length to allow for cutting out and squaring up. Tho
you are to make use of stock mill-planed to thickness, you
are to specify the thickness from which this mill-planed
stock is got. Allow at least l /%" for mill-planing.
Remember that length always means along the grain.
Fractions of an inch in width and length are not con-
sidered. Neither are fractions of a cent in the final results.
If the fraction is l /2 or over, take the next higher whole
number. If it is less than l /2, drop it. Fractions of an inch
in thickness that are over 1" and fractions of a cent in
the price per foot are to be figured as they are.
Lumber is measured by the superficial foot which is 1"
x 12" x 12". Boards that are less than 1" thick are sold
by surface measure. In other words, boards less than 1"
thick are figured for quantity as 1" thick.
Standard sawed thicknesses are 1", 1J4", l/'z", 2", 2 l / 2 ",
3", 35/2", 4". Thicknesses less than 1" necessitate re-
sawing these sizes. In some communities the price per
square foot for re-sawed stock varies for each difference
of J4" in thickness.
In figuring, multiply the length by the width by the
thickness, by the number of pieces. If any piece is less
than 1" thick figure it as 1". Combine all results that are
the same in price per foot. Reduce to square feet by
dividing by 144. Reduce decimally and do not carry the
result beyond tenths place. Dispose of any fractional part
beyond tenths as directed above. Write your result in
fractional form that the decimal point may not be over-
looked and be the cause of trouble.
The price list gives the price of lumber per 1,000 feet.
The price per foot is readily obtainable.
In figuring finish for these cabinet pieces, double the
number of feet of stock as given by the stock bill to get
the number of feet of finish. This is only an approximate
method but is sufficiently accurate for such pieces as are
to be made in first year high school, as specified in Ad-
vanced Projects in Woodivork, Group IX.
(PREPARATORY TO GROUP 'X)
BUND MORTISE * ND TENON
CXCLrT C/OCL ( PREPARATORY TO GROUP IX )
GLUE JOINT- DOWELING
HANDLE ro* CLAW HAMMER
| | .__ j.
DETAIL OF JOINT
2 L 2 i
i n i
WALL CHINA RACK
ELECTRIC READING LAMP
SECTION AT A-B
} 1 o
1 | D
f " 3
SECTION AT ^-
EGG AND DART
DROP LEAF TABLE
H 3 I-
tx\tf\ (_x/Ot. -
MORTISE AHO TENON -RABBETED
HAUNCHED MORTISE AHO TENON -GROOVED
^ ll \v
_ _ i _ / /
L.TJ \ *
TO atom* X
THRU MULTIPLE DOVETAIL
WASTE PAPER BOX
DETAIL OF SHELF
PL ATI: 44.
CHAFING DISH STAND
LT^- - -c.-i.-r_-in=Ll
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA LIBRARY
Return to rfosk frnm whl/-f> tkr\v*wtAul
3J -^ N> >
*< q r ~
o' $ z ^ ai 2. S
DO C 00 Z DO
o' 3. Q. O rn
3- < CQ 33
Q- 03 "^ C/3 ^03 CO
CD 0_ 3 S W S
o^ ^ 03 co q >
q CD H C
o i. S ^ c 5
^-- 3 IH
>oS-^ ss. s
S STAMPED B
ro rr CD ^ 00
os _, cr m
CO g ^35
zr CD m
w oT S
3 (g | >
vS? CD r~
CT ^ m
co?i 3 g ^ CD
o o o o 2.
*-3 Q-z I o o
^ 5- -n > o & ^>
05 S' r~ ^ = 22.
CD "* :r -K
00 Q. fZ CD O O
r- 33 m Q-
cr 5^ CT O
21 > <t>
CD *< >
-n r~ cn
CT " >
fj CT ^
3:2. " ~n
Ql * ^"
T| 03 X
g. CQ = m
> v< Q)
CD 3 -
^ ** *
03 O ^
co w CO
GENERAL LIBRARY - U.C. BERKELEY