Skip to main content

Full text of "Advisory and technical committee for communications and transit. Replies of the governments to the enquiry on the application of the resolutions relating to passports, customs formalities and through tickets"

See other formats









^^^= :;; 




League of nations. 

Replies of the governments to the enquiry 
on the application of the resolutions re- 
lating to passports, customs for:nalities 
and through tickets. 

i C . 18,3 .M . 101 . 1922 • VII I. 


* '^\ 






I V 




;:»- -^^'v >-3^ 

. )? 




oni -soia piOi^B^' 




C. 183. M. 101. 1922. VIII. 


Advisory and Technical Committee 
for Communications and Transit. 


to the 

Enquiry on the Application 
of the Resolutions relating to 





GENEVA 1922. 


Advisory and Technical Committee 
for Communications and Transit. 


to the 

Enquiry on the Application 
of the Resolutions relating to 





GENEVA 1922. 



Advisory and Technical Committee 
for Communications and Transit. 


The Council of the League of Nations having been 
requested by the Conference of Ambassadors to enquire 
into the difficulties regarding international passenger 
traffic, the Provisional Committee for Communications 
and Transit convened a Conference which was held at 
Paris from October 15th to 21st, 1920, at which 22 States 
were represented. 

The various measures recommended by this Conference 
were embodied in a resolution adopted on October 21st. 
On November i8th, 1920, the Secretary-General of the 
League of Nations forwarded this resolution to all the 
States Members and to the Governments of certain other 
countries, requesting them to inform him, within a period 
of three months, what measures the various Governments 
would take to give effect, as from July ist, 1 921, to all 
or part of the recommendations embodied in this resolution. 

On May 7th, 1921, the Secretary-General of the League 
of Nations again wrote to the States which had not yet 
replied, requesting them to inform him what action 
they proposed to take. 

During its first session, held at Geneva in July 1921, 
the Advisory and Technical Committee for Communi- 
cations and Transit took the matter up and formulated 
a draft resolution which it submitted to the Assembly 
of the League of Nations. 

The question regarding the resohitions of the Con- 
ference on Passports, Customs P'ormaHties and "Tlirough 
Tickets " having again been sul)niitted to tiic Assembly 
of the League of Nations, the latter adopted the following 
resolution : 

S.d..N.7<« 4/22. Imp. Atar. 


— 4 — 

"The Assembly, having been informed of the report 
of the Advisory and Technical Committee for 
Communications and Transit on the action taken 
by the Governments with regard to the resolutions 
adopted by the Conference on Passports, Customs 
Formalities and ' Through Tickets, ' which was 
held in Paris, October 1920, observed with the 
keenest satisfaction that a certain number of 
States have already put into force part of the 
measures — so important for international rela- 
tions, and unanimously recommended by this 
Conference — tending towards the simplification 
of formalities connected with the obtaining of 
passports and visas, the reduction of passport 
prices, and the unification of passport regulations. 
" The Assembly draws the attention of all States which 
have not yet been able to adopt the recommenda- 
tions of the Conference to the necessity of recon- 
sidering the question, and of informing the Secre- 
tary-General of the League of Nations of the 
solutions ultimately reached. " 
A further enquiry into the question as a whole having 
thus been decided upon, the Secretary-General of the League 
of Nations, in a letter dated October 17th, 1921, drew 
the attention of the Governments to the resolution 
of the Assembly, requesting each Government to furnish 
him with information, particularly on the following 

(a) Which of the resolutions of the Conference agreed 
to by the Government concerned have been carried into 
effect, and which of these resolutions it is proposed to 
carry into effect at a future specified date. 

(b) Whether, on further consideration, the Govern- 
ment concerned is of opinion that it could adhere to all 
or a part of the resolutions of the Conference which 
it had previously considered unacceptable and, if so, 
at what date it proposed to carry them into effect. 

The most important measures which the Governments 
have been invited to adopt are the following: 

1. The establishment of a uniform type of passport 
for all countries ; 

2. Passport to be valid for two years or, in exceptional 
cases, for one journey only ; 

— 5 — 

3- The fee charged shall not be of a fiscal character; 

4. Diplomatic passports will only be granted to persons 
falling within certain specified categories; 

5. Preliminary visas {i. e. visas granted by the author- 
ities issuing the passport) will be abolished as 
far as possible; 

6. Exit visas will be abolished for all travellers except 
nationals ; 

7. For passports issued for a single journey, the 
duration of validity of the visa will be the same 
as that of the passport: for passports issued for 
two years, the visas will be for one year, in all but 
exceptional cases; 

8. The maximum fee for a visa shall be 10 gold francs; 
y. Transit visas will be issued at once, solely upon 

production of the entrance visa for the country 
of destination; 

10. The duration of validity of a transit visa shall 
always be the same as that of the entrance visa 
of the country of destination; 

11. The maximum fee charged for a transit visa will 
be I gold franc. 

Up to the present, replies have been received from 
the following countries: 

Australia Italy 

Austria Japan 

Belgium Luxemburg 

British Empire Netherlands 

Bulgaria New Zealand 

Canada Norway 

China Poland 

Czecho-Slovakia Roumania 

Denmark Serb-Croat-Slovene State 

Finland Siam 

France South Africa 

Germany Spain 

Greece Sweden 

Hungary Switzerland 

India Venezuela 

Several other countries rephed that the question 
was still under consideration. 

A certain number of the countries which sent a 
reply have adoptfd all the measures referred to in the 

— 6 — 

resolution. Other countries have agreed to adopt these 
measures on condition of reciprocity. Others again 
are prepared to adopt a great number of the measures. 
Certain countries, particularly among those situated 
in Eastern Europe, are at present unable to make any 
substantial modifications in the system in force. 

Conference on Passports, Customs 
Formalities and Through Tickets. 


A. Issue of Passport. 

1. The establishment of a uniform type of '"ordinary" 

2. Duration of validity of passport. 

3. Fee to be collected. 

4. Diplomatic passports. 

B. Preliminary Visas. 

5. Preliminary visas. (That is to say, visas granted 
by the authorities issuing the passport, or by their repre- 

C. Exit Visa. 

6. Abolition of exit visa. 

D. Entrance Visa. 

7. Duration of validity of visa. 

8. Fee charged. 

E. Transit Visa. 

9. Issue of visa. 

10. Duration of vahdity of visa. 

11. Fee charged. 

— 7 — 

F. Collective Passports. 

12. Family passports. 

13. Collective passports for emigrants. 


(a) Passport exemptions. 

(b) Abolition of the entrance visa for nationals. 

(c) Abolition of the exit visa for nationals. 

(d) Entrance visa for passports not covering all desti- 

(e) Facilities for sojourn. 

(/) Simplification of formalities. 


14. AboHtion of examination of registered luggage 
in transit. 

15. Passengers in transit with money and scrip. 


(g) International stations. 

(li) Examination of outgoing registered luggage. 

(i) Examination of incoming registered luggage. 

{j) Examination of luggage in general. 

(k) Limitation of luggage. 


16. Through tickets. 


17. Periodical information. 


Recommendation . 

(I) Through services. 



(m) Transport of emigrants. 



1. Agreed. 

2. Agreed. 

3. Agreed. The present fee of 10 sh. will be main- 
tained. In regard to the question of the issue of passports 
to "non-nationals," the Commonwealth Government pro- 
poses to follow the principles adopted by the British 
Government and not in any circumstances to issue pass- 
ports to persons other than (a) British subjects; (b) persons 
the protection of whose interests abroad have been en- 
trusted to His Majesty's Government or the Common- 
wealth Government by a mandate of the League of Nations ; 
and (c) bona fide natives of British Protectorates and 
British-protected States. 

In the case of aliens in Australia who at present have 
no consular representative in this country, the Common- 
wealth authorities issue a document called "Permit 
to leave Australia, " bearing the holder's photograph, 
description, and signature, to enable him to comply 
with the law requiring all persons over 16 years of age 
who wish to leave the Commonwealth to hold a pass- 
port or document authorising his departure. No fee 
is charged for this permit. It is the practice only to 
issue such a document in cases where there is no reason 
to doubt that the holder will be permitted to land at 
his destination. 

4. Diplomatic passports are not issued in Australia, 
but the status of diplomatic persons will be authenticated 
by a special visa. The present practice as to diplomatic 
visas conforms generally with the principles laid down 
by the Passport Conference. 

5. The point of the proposal that "preliminary" 
visas should only be required in case the validity of the 

— 9 — 

passport is subject to doubt is not quite clear. An endorse- 
ment as to destination is usually given at the time of 
issue of Commonwealth passports. If the holder is 
travelling within the British Empire, an Empire-wide 
endorsement is affixed in all suitable cases. If, for any 
reason, it is considered desirable to limit the passport 
for a single journey to a specified country, the document 
is endorsed to make it valid only for the journey to that 
country. No extra fees are charged for such endorse- 

6. The Commonwealth law requires that in the case 
of persons already holding passports who are about to 
leave Australia for a journey beyond the Commonwealth, 
the passports shall be vised or endorsed in the prescribed 
manner for that journey. Holders of British passports 
bearing Empire-wide endorsements are not required to 
obtain further visas or endorsements during the validity 
of the passport unless they propose travelling to a foreign 
country and a special endorsement is necessary to enable 
them to obtain the requisite visa from the foreign con- 
sular representative concerned. 

As regards "non-nationals," it is not proposed to 
take any general steps at present to abohsh the exit 
visa. As previously pointed out, this requirement is 
of assistance in connection with the administration of 
the Commonwealth Aliens Registration Act as in view of 
Austraha's isolated geographical position and the fact that 
the comparatively few aliens in Australia do not make 
frequent trips abroad, and as, moreover, a fee of only 2/- 
is charged for a visa, it is not considered that any serious 
hardship is imposed by the retention of this require- 

7. Agreed, subject to the observations made concerning 
this article by the British Government. 

8 and 11. The fee charged for the visa is 2/ — , and 
as the question of transit visas is not one that particularly 
affects Australia, it is not proposed to make any alteration 
in the charge. 

9 and 10. Agreed. 

12. Agreed, subject to the conditions laid down 
in the reply of the British Government respecting this 

13. Agreed. 

— 10 — 


{a) This recommendation hardly affects Australia, 
although an agreement has already been made with the 
New Zealand Government dispensing altogether with 
passport requirements in the case of British subjects 
(except certain classes of naturalised persons) and simpli- 
fying the procedure in other cases. 

{b) and (c) — Visa requirements for nationals have 
been largely abolished through the adoption of the Empire- 
wide passport arrangement referred to in the remarks 
above respecting paragraphs 5 and 6. 

[d) — The Commonwealth Government endorses this 

[e) — Subject to compliance by holders of passports 
with the general immigration regulations in force in 
Australia, the practice of the Commonwealth Government 
is to act in accordance with this recommendation. 

(/) — This recommendation does not apply to the 

No observations are offered respecting the proposals 
in regard to Customs formalities and through tickets, 
as these matters apparently do not affect Australia. 

11 — 


The Austrian Government has intimated that the 
resolutions adopted by the Conference on Passports, 
Customs Formalities and Through Tickets have without 
exception been put into force in Austria as from January 
ist, 1922. 

The executive measures in question were published 
in Nos. 258 and 261 of the Federal Legal Gazette 
("Bundesgesetzblatt") under Articles 702, 707 and 708. 

As regards the question of reciprocity, the Austrian 
Government states that these new measures are, as a 
general rule, applicable to all States, even to those which 
have not yet thought it necessary to introduce measures 
of reciprocity, with the single exception of fees to be 
charged for visas as provided for in Article 707. 

With regard to Customs formalities, the resolutions 
of the Conference on Passports have been put into force. 
The sole reservation to be made relates to the re-expor- 
tation of Austrian crowns which, under existing conditions, 
cannot yet be allowed, and it is impossible to say when 
this can be done. 

- 12 



1. The wording recommended by the Paris Conference 
has been adopted. Instead of book-form, however, the 
form of a single sheet has been chosen. 

2. Agreed. 

3. Agreed. 

4. Agreed. 

5. The Belgian Government agrees to the measure 
suggested in para. 5, so long as this measure does not 
exclude the right of the Belgian authorities, when requested 
by an alien to issue a visa, to insist that the passport or 
the visa on it should be certified as authentic by the 
authority by whom the passport or the visa was issued, 
or by the local representative of that authority. 

6. Agreed. 

7. Agreed on condition of reciprocity. 

8. Agreed on condition of reciprocity. 

. 9. Agreed. Already in force since December ist, 1920. 

10. Not agreed. A more careful examination of the 
question has shown that the application of the system 
suggested would invariably enable the holder of the 
long-term visa for transit to remain in the country as 
long as he wishes. With the object, however, of facilitating 
the journey of persons embarking at a Belgian port, 
it has been decided to grant them, transit visas with the 
option of remaining two days at the port of embarkation ; 
this privilege has since been extended to passengers 
in vessels calhng at a Belgian port. 

11. Agreed. Already in force since December ist, 1920. 

12. Agi^eed. 

13. Not agreed. The Belgian Government has proved 
by experience that the use of collective passports has 
given rise to abuses and has caused serious inconvenience 
to certain holders of such passports who were not permitted 
to embark, either on account of disease or for any other 

— 13 — 


The Belgian Government has carefully noted the 
subsequent recommendations made by the Paris Con- 
ference regarding passports and visas, and will consider 
under what conditions it might be able to take them 
into account. It seems needless to mention the fact 
that since August 1919 entrance visas have not been 
required for Belgian subjects returning to the country 
and possessing a regular passport. 


14. Agreed. 

15. Agreed. 


The Belgian Government considers that the creation 
of common international stations, useful in principle though 
it might be, must be regarded as a special measure, and 
cannot be made a general practice as appears to be desired. 

In Belgium, this examination is carried out at the 
frontier posts. Before the war, it might be said that 
no such examination existed, as the absence of any exit 
duty allowed the greatest freedom in this matter. A return 
to this liberal regime will be considered when the present 
restrictive measures on exports have been abolished. 

This system of examination has been tried on the 
line Quevy-Brussels, being temporarily limited to one 
train in the daytime. A definite decision on the possi- 
bility of finally adopting the measure, and on the extent 
to which it may be apphed, can only be found when the 
results of this test have been obtained. It seems, however, 
a priori, that such a system could not be applied to night 
trains. As a rule, examination of hand-luggage takes 
place in the compartments during the intervals at frontier 
stations. It may be repeated that registered luggage 
in transit through Belgium is exempt from Customs 
examination of any kind. 


16. Agreed. 

(/). Agreed. 

— 14 — 



1. Agreed. The new type of passport has been in 
use since July ist, 192 1. Measures are being taken for 
the adoption of a similar passport as soon as possible by 
Newfoundland and the Colonies and Protectorates. 

2. Agreed. 

3. Agreed. At the same time, the British Govern- 
ment would point out that it assumes that in principle 
a passport should constitute a definite official proof of 
the nationality of its holder, and, for this reason, while 
accepting the resolution, it does not intend to issue pass- 
ports to persons other than: 

(a) British subjects; 

(b) Persons the protection of whose interests abroad 
has been entrusted to His Majesty's Government 
by a mandate of the League of Nations. 

(c) Bona fide natives of British Protectorates and of 
British, protected States. 

No modification is proposed in the fee (7s. yd.) now 
charged for the issue of British passports in the United 
Kingdom or by the Consular representatives of His 
Majesty abroad. 

4. No diplomatic passport will be issued in the future 
by the British authorities. A special visa will be granted 
to diplomatic representatives. The procedure followed at 
present in granting diplomatic visas is on the whole in 
conformity with the recommendations of the Conference. 

5. Agreed. Nevertheless, it is desirable that it should 
be clearly understood that this provision does not affect 
the "endorsements of destination" (referred to in para- 
graph {d), of the " recommendations ") — a principle 
which His Majesty's Government regards as constituting 
an integral part of the passport system. 

— 15 — 

6. Agreed. 

7. Agreed, except for the provision which requires the 
various governments to notify the Secretary-General of 
the League every six months as to the total number of 
visas given by representatives during the six preceding 
months. The British Government is of opinion that this 
measure would result in more special work than its advan- 
tages warrant. 

8. Agreed. It has, however, been decided to reserve 
the right of adopting a reciprocal policy with regard to 
visa fees, should any government impose a tariff exceeding 
the maximum tarifi^ laid down in the resolution. 

9. Agreed. 

10. Agreed. 

11. Agreed, with the reservation already mentioned 
in paragraph 8. The new provisions with regard to the 
British visa have been in force since June 2nd, 192 1. 

12. Agreed. Since, however, the British custom, up 
to the present, has been to include in a family passport 
of this nature children under 16, there appears to be no 
reason for reducing this figure to 15. 

13. Agreed. 


{a) Agreed. 

(6) and (c). It is not the practice of His Majesty's 
Government to require either exit or entrance visas for 
British nationals properly provided with British pass- 
ports, and the proposals are therefore accepted as far 
as concerns exit from or entrance to the United Kingdom, 
Newfoundland, and the Colonies and Protectorates. 
It may be added that British passports as now issued 
are valid for all parts of the British Empire (but not for 
British Protectorates, protected States, or mandated 
territories), unless specially endorsed to the contrary. 

[d) Agreed. 

{e) Agreed. 

(/) Agreed. 

Sir Maurice Hankey desires to make it clear that His 
Majesty's Government regard their general acceptance of 
the resolution and the recommendations as in no way 
interfering with the right of any portion of the British 

— 16 — 

Empire to decide upon and enforce its own immigration 


14. No answer. 

15. Although the provisions of paragraph 15 of the 
resolution (Customs Formalities), so far as they relate 
to money, are contrary to the statutory regulations pro- 
hibiting the export from the United Kingdom of gold and 
silver coins. His Majesty's Government are nevertheless 
prepared to adhere to those provisions as far as the 
United Kingdom is concerned, on the understanding that 
the right is reserved to limit the privilege in the event 
of its appearing that it is being abused, with a view to 
confining it bona fide transients and to such amounts of 
gold and silver coins as are reasonably required for the 
purpose of their journey. 



In favour. 


In favour. 


In favour. 


In favour. 


In favour. 


(/) In favour. 

(m) In favour. 

— 17 — 



1. Agreed. 

2. Agreed. 

3. The Royal Government of Bulgaria, in view of the 
extremely precarious financial situation of Bulgaria, cannot 
consent to a regulation that the fee charged shall not be 
of a fiscal character. 

4. Agreed. 

5. As a result of prevailing international conditions, 
the Ro3''al Government cannot, for reasons of purely 
domestic policy, agree to the abolition of preliminary 
visas for passports issued to aliens. 

6. The Royal Government agrees to the abolition of 
the exit visa for non-nationals passing through the King- 
dom or remaining there for a maximum period of three 
daj^s. In all other cases the exit visa may be required 
from non-nationals as well as nationals. 


























The Government of Bulgaria expressed no opinion with 


to the 

" recommendations. " 

— 18 



1. Agreed. 

2. Agreed. 

3. The present fee ($2) is not of a fiscal character and 
there is no question of increasing it at the moment. 
However, the Government reserves complete liberty of 
action, as, in its opinion, the question is purely one of 
domestic poHcy. 

Visas are not required by any Canadian law or regul- 
ation either for entrance, exit or transit. Where, however, 
in consequence of the requirements of outside authorities, 
the convenience of travellers necessitates a Canadian visa 
on passports issued outside the Dominion, such visas are 
granted; the fee of $2.00 imposed for this service being 
practically the maximum fee — ten francs (gold) — 
recommended. Canada agrees to all the clauses dealing 
with Customs formalities, through tickets, transport of emi- 
grants, etc.; indeed, all the measures suggested have now 
been in force for some years. 

— 19 - 



1. The Chinese Government will endeavour to establish 
a uniform type for ordinary passports; however, in view 
of the vast extent of the Chinese Republic and the very 
numerous bodies entitled to issue passports, it will require 
considerable time to give effect to this measure. 

2. Agreed. 

3. Agreed. 

4. Agreed. 

5. These visas are free of charge in China. 

6. These visas have not yet been abolished by the 
European and other States. When they have been gener- 
ally abandoned, the Chinese Government will adopt the 
same measure. 

7. Contrary to the last provision of this paragraph, 
China is of opinion that in practice it will prove extremely 
difficult to render the visas issued valid for widely sepa- 
rated parts of the State. 

8. Agreed. The fee charged for the entrance visa is 
in many cases less than 10 francs gold. 

9. Agreed. 

10. Agreed. 

11. Agreed. 

12. Agreed. 

13. Agreed on condition of reciprocity. 


14. Part of this clause has already been put in practice 
in Manchuria since 1916, as a result of the conclusion of 
special treaties between China, Japan and Russia. 

15. Agreed. 

- 20 — 

i6. No objection. 


17. Agreed in principle. However, in view of the 
great distance which separates China from the seat of the 
League of Nations, the period of three months is ob- 
viously too short. 

— 21 — 




The Czecho-Slovak Government informs us that it has 
accepted all the measures contained in the resolutions 
of the Paris Conference. These measures have been put 
into force as from July ist, 1921. 

The resolutions, however, with regard to the fees 
charged for the entrance visa and the transit visa, are 
given effect to only on condition of reciprocity. 




1. A type of passport has been adopted corresponding 
to that recommended by the Conference ; as it is necessary, 
however, that the text of the passport should be printed 
in four languages instead of two as proposed by the 
Conference, the passport is not exactly in the form recom- 
mended. The new type has been in use since the autumn 
of 1921. 

2. Agreed. 

3. Agreed. 

4. No answer. 

5. The preliminary visa is not required. 

6. No answer. 

7. As the regulations in force in Denmark presuppose 
that an entrance visa entitles the holder to a stay of the 
same duration as the validity of the visa, it has not yet 
been possible to adopt a general rule rendering the visa 
valid for one year. Further, on condition of reciprocity, 
Denmark issued the widest authorisation for the grant, 
in certain cases, of sojourn visas for one year, but as the 
regulations for the duration of the visa must of necessity 
vary in the case of different countries, according as a 
sudden influx of immigrants is expected or not, it has 
been found impossible for the present to adopt uniform 
regulations in this respect. 

8. The fee charged for the visa is based on the principle 
of reciprocity. The fee is never less than 4 Danish crowns. 
The fee charged for Danish visas will be reduced to the 
maximum laid down by the Conference as this maximum 
is adopted in other countries. 

9. Agreed, unless for exceptional reasons (undesir- 

10. No answer. 

11. No answer. 

12. No answer. 

— 23 — 

13- Although, up to the present, Denmark has not as 
a general rule recognised collective passports, the Danish 
regulations in this respect will as far as possible be made 
to conform with the regulations adopted by the Paris 
Conference. According to Danish law, entrance visas are 
not required in the case of nationals nor are visas any 
longer required between Denmark, Norway and Sweden 


14. Registered luggage in transit is exempt from all 
Customs examination in Denmark. 

15. Measures of this nature are in contemplation, but 
as the prohibition of export only covers gold and silver 
currency over a certain amount, while bank-notes, letters 
of credit, bonds and other securities are not affected, this 
question is not of great importance to Denmark. 


With regard to the other recommendations made by 
the Conference, it should be noted that on the principal 
railway lines the Customs examination takes place in the 
train. The Customs authorities are considering putting 
into practice the other facilities recommended. 


16. Since April ist, 1921, the sale of tickets and 
direct registration between Danish and German stations 
has been extended to the majority of large stations. 
Many through tickets are already being issued and the 
through registration of luggage via Denmark is already 
in operation between Norway and Sweden on the one 
hand and Germany on the other. Further, an arrange- 
ment has recently been made with the Dutch railways 
for the reciprocal sale of through-tickets to points in 
Norway, Sweden and Germany. Finally, the possibility 
of extending through international traffic is being care- 
fully considered. 

— 24 



1. Agreed if all the other States agree. 

2. Agreed. 

3. Agieed. 

4. Agreed. 

5. Unnecessary. 

6. Cannot accept at present. 

7. The Government of the Republic cannot agree 
to the proposal that the visa of passport which is valid 
for a single journey should have the duration of validity 
as the passport itself, in view of the fact that hostile 
States might take advantage of visas thus given for an 
indefinite period to send their propaganda agents into 
the country. As to passports vahd for two years, the 
Government of the Republic finds it impossible to intro- 
duce these at present, in view of the difficulties which 
might arise if a foreigner who had been granted a visa 
and who had originally justified the confidence thus 
placed in him was later found undesirable. On the 
other hand, the Government of the Republic wishes 
to identify itself unreservedly with the proposal that 
the number of visas given should be notified to the Secre- 
tary-General of the League of Nations every six months. 
With regard to the proposal that the visas given should 
always be valid via all frontiers of the country which 
issued the visa, except for special reasons justified by 
considerations of health or of national security, the 
Government of the Repubhc will be in a position to agree 
to this as soon as normal relations are established between 
Finland and Russia. 

8. The Government of the Republic approves of the 
fee proposed on condition that it is also adopted by the 

— 25 — 

other States, and proposes that the exchange value of 
the franc should be fixed every three months. 

9. The Government of the Republic cannot accept 
the principle that transit visas shall be issued at once 
without enquiry, solely upon production of the entrance 
visa for the country of destination ; by so doing it would 
oblige the competent Finnish authorities to allow Bol- 
shevist agents, for example, to cross the country freely, 
which might endanger the security of the Republic. 
The Ministry for Foreign Affairs should therefore have 
the right to grant or refuse transit visas according to 

10. The Government of the Republic cannot agree 
to the proposal in this paragraph and refers to the reasons 
set forth above. 

11. With regard to the proposal contained in this 
paragraph, the Government of the Republic refers to its 
statement in paragraph 8. 

12. Agreed. 

13. Agreed. 

Recommendations . 

(a) In favour. 
(6) In favour. 

(c) Not in favour. 

(d) In favour. 
{e) In favour. 
(/) In favour. 


14. Agreed. 

15. Agreed. 

Recommendalions . 

(g) Agreed. 
(A) Agreed. 
{i) Agreed. 
(;') Agreed. 
(k) Agreed. 


16. No answer. 

— 26 — 


17. Agreed. 


(/) Agreed. 


(w) Finland agrees to the measures proposed for the 
transport of emigrants under the conditions most favourable 
to public health. 

27 — 



1. The form used in France costs Frs. 102 per 1000. 
The proposed form would cost Frs. 441, and its adoption 
would oblige the French Government to raise the price 
of passports. Under these circumstances, the French 
Government cannot consent to the resolution, especially 
as there is ground for believing that the passport system 
will shortly be abolished. 

2. Agreed, except with regard to the extension of 
the vaHdity of the passport beyond two years. A passport, 
after two years, will be so worn that it will be necessarj^ 
to replace it. 

3. The fee charged for issuing a passport is exclusively 
a matter for the issuing State. The French passport 
is good for all countries for the period of its validity. 
The system in force in France corresponds, therefore, 
to the resolution adopted by the Conference, to the 
effect that there should be no distinction between the 
countries for which passports are issued. 

4. Agreed. 

5. No answer. 

6. In the case of foreigners, the French Government 
continues to require the exit visa. 

7. Agreed, except as regards notifications to the 
Secretariat of the League of Nations of the number of 
visas. Such notifications would be a source of un- 
necessary complications and expense. 

8. The French charge for a visa is in all cases Frs. 25. 
This is approximately equal to the fee of 10 gold francs 
adopted by the Conference for the ordinary visa. The 
present French charge, which was introduced by statute, 
can only be amended by statute. 

9. Agreed. 
10. Agreed. 

— 28 — 

11. Same remarks as for paragraph 8. 

12. The individual passport is the form adopted in 
France. This would seem to be the only practical form, 
since the members of a family may always be separated 
at any given moment. 

13. Agreed. The French Government, however, desires 
more accurate particulars as to collective passports for 

Recommendations . 

(a) The French Government is quite prepared to join 
in agreements for the abolition of passport formahties. 
It has already done so with Belgium and Luxemburg, 
and has approached Great Britain with the same 

(b) Agreed, in force since 1919. 

(c) Agreed, in force since 1919. 

(d) Agreed. 

{e) The formalities connected with sojourn permits 
{permis de sejour) have been very much simplified in 

(/) Joint control can only exist at international 
stations. The authorities giving a visa for the country 
of destination cannot undertake the necessary formal- 
ities for obtaining other visas, such as those for transit. 
Such formahties are exclusively the duty of the interested 

The French Government has expressed no opinion 
with regard to the resolutions and recommendations 
on the subject of Customs Formahties and Through 

— 29 



1. Agreed subject to certain restrictions and modi- 
fications. The new system will come into force on 
January ist, IQ22. 

2. Normal duration of validity of passports two years. 
Limitation to a single journey in exceptional cases. 
Renewal for periods of one year at a time, up to five years 
in all from the date upon which the passport is delivered. 

3. The fixing of the fees to be charged for the issue 
of national passports is a matter for the States which 
issue them. Such fees will be charged without any dis- 
crimination between countries for which the passports are 
issued. When in exceptional cases an identity certificate 
is issued to persons other than German nationals in place 
of a passport, the fee collected is not higher than that 
which is charged on passports. 

4. Agreed. 

5. Agreed. 

6. Not agreed. 

7. Not agreed. The German Government is compelled 
to maintain the existing system of visas. The supply of 
periodical information to the League of Nations would 
involve statistical work necessitating considerable ex- 
penditure, and the German Government cannot therefore 
agree to this measure. 

It agrees that the duration of the validity of the visa 
in no way affects the right of sojourn and settlement. 

It also agrees that travellers may enter and leave the 
country at any point on the frontier, it being understood, 
however, that for exceptional reasons connected with 
domestic pohcy, health conditions, or national safety, 
the visa will be granted only for a specified point on the 

— 30 — 

The German Government proposes the insertion of 
the following provision: 

Each country shall publish a list of the chief frontier 
points for international traffic and shall forward it to the 
League of Nations: any changes in the list shall also be 
published without delay. 

8. The German Government cannot agree to the 
maximum fee of lo gold francs. Under existing circum- 
stances it cannot abandon its right to fix independently 
the fees for the various categories of visas mentioned under 
paragraph 7, The new German law on consular fees, 
nevertheless, provided for considerable reductions in the 
present fees. There shall be no distinction in the fees 
charged, either as regards the nationality of the holders 
of passports, or as regards the frontier point chosen. 
The German Government reserves the right to make 
special arrangements with certain States regarding the fees 
to be collected, and apart from such arrangements, to reduce 
the fee, in special cases, by 50%, or to abolish it altogether. 

9 and 10. In view of the present situation of Germany, 
which, owing to its geographical position, must be con- 
sidered as one of the chief countries of transit, it is necessary 
to continue for the time being the examination of the nature 
and frequency of journeys in each particular case. 

On the other hand, under the German system of visas, 
all reasonable wishes of travellers, in cases which are 
absolutely clear, are granted. 

11. The German Government reserves the right to fix 
the fees. As regards the rest of this paragraph, it calls 
attention to its observations on the subject in paragraph 8. 

12. Family passports granted abroad, and collective 
passports for emigrants, are recognised and vised under 
the following conditions: 

(a) Family passports granted abroad (husband, wife, 
children under the age of 15) cannot have a validity of 
more than 5 years from the date of their issue. 

(b) As regards fees for visas of family passports, the 
reservation made in paragraph 8, sections 2 and 3, are 

13. The German Government can only agree to apply 
provisions 2 and 3 and 5-10 mentioned under paragraph 13 
under the reservations made by the German Government 
regarding these provisions. 

— 31 — 


14. No answer. 

15. No answer. 


16. No answer. 


17. The German Government is prepared to supply 
the League of Nations as far as possible with periodical 
information regarding the regulations in force for passports, 
Customs and railwaj^s, in so far as they concern inter- 
national traffic. 


The German Government has noted the proposals 
put forward under numbers a — m concerning matters 
of purely national interest, and will take these proposals 
into consideration in so far as circumstances permit 
and in so far as their execution is compatible with 
the interest of the country. 

The application of the measure proposed, — namely, 
that the authorities which provide entrance visas for the 
countries of destination should also procure the visas for 
countries of transit, would involve an additional amount 
of labour for representatives of the country abroad, which 
the German services, in view of the restricted numbers 
of their staff, could not at present undertake. 

— 32 


The Greek Government agrees in principle to apply 
all the measures proposed. 

The Greek Government also agrees in principle to 
the recommendations, and will submit detailed inform- 
ation as to the methods of putting them into practice, 
together with the date on which they come into force. 

The Greek Government has decided not to carry out 
any examination or Customs inspection of baggage 
crossing Greek territory by rail and registered " In Transit." 

33 — 


The Hungarian Government accepts all the proposals 
embodied in the resolution, on condition that the other 
States, particularly States bordering on Hungary, also 
accept them and strictly apply the decisions taken by 
the Conference. 

— 34 — 


1. Agreed. 

2. Agreed. 

3. Agreed. The fee will be kept at 3 rupees. 

4. No answer. 

5. No answer. 

6. No answer. 

7. Agreed, subject to any observations made on this 
subject by the Government of Great Britain. 

8. The fee charged will be 7 rupees. 

9. No answer. 

10. Agreed. 

11. The fee charged will be i rupee. 

— 35 — 



The Italian Government accepts, as a whole, the various 
measures proposed (some of which are already in force) 
with the following reservations: 

I and 2. Ordinary passports. — The passport is the 
only effective means at the disposal of the Government 
for regulating emigration, and preventing immigration 
into countries where it is impossible to procure work; 
if extended from one to tv/o years, the duration of the 
validity of the passport will diminish the effectiveness 
of this control, which is necessary, not only in the interest 
of Italy, but also in the interest of the countries of desti- 
nation. Further, the passport service is connected with 
the preparation of statistical information with regard 
to emigiation and immigration, which must be published 
annually with the greatest possible accuracy. There 
seems to be no disadvantage in leaving it to each country 
to fix the duration of the validity of its passports; never- 
theless, if, with the object of attaining the uniformity at 
which the Conference aimed, it is considered that a normal 
period of two years should be agreed upon, the Italian 
Government will accept this proposal even as regards 
its own passports, at least for emigration and repatriation, 
but will limit to one year the validity of passports for 
persons leaving the Kingdom. 

3. The sum of Ft. 10 gold is considered too high for 
emigrants, especially when the present rate of exchange 
is taken into account. It is thought that the countries 
of destination should pay the fees for visas, since these 
countries benefit by the labour of the emigrants. 

4. Italy prefers to keep the present type of passport 
in two forms (large and small), drawn up in Italian and 

— 36 — 

containing a photograpti, if this is also demanded by 
other countries. 

The Italian Government desires that other classes 
of persons should have a right to diplomatic passports 
(the Government has provided a list of these additional 
classes) . 

Note. — It has since been pointed out that exit visas 
for persons other than nationals were abolished as from 
May ist, 1921. Further, entrance visas valid for one year 
will be granted to nationals of States which will guarantee 
reciprocal treatment for Italian nationals. 


14. Already in force. 


{g) International stations. Italy admits the advis- 
ability of adopting measures in the direction indicated, 
but would also point out that it is desirable that Customs 
formalities should take place on the national territory. 

{h) The Government agrees to this measure. 

[i) This measure is already in force. 


16. The system in force for tickets on the Simplon- 
Orient Express line is based on the adoption of a common 
monetary unit, the French franc, for transportation 
charges. This system cannot be adopted for all the 
through international services, already existing, or planned, 
in connection with the Italian railways, for it is not ap- 
plicable to these services nor always convenient to adopt. 

To improve this system it would be advisable that 
transportation charges should be always indicated in the 
national currency of the administration which issues the 

Further, in the Simplon-Orient Express tickets, the 
charges for that part of the journey which falls within 
territory other than French are converted into French 
francs. Charges for those parts of the journey which 
occur on the lines of States other than that to which 
the administration issuing the tickets belongs, should 

- 37 - 

be converted into the national currency of that admi- 


The adherence to this proposal must in no way pre- 
judice existing agreements and the advantages which 
accrue to Italy under those agreements. 

In the interest of the communications which the 
Conference is trying to develop, the Italian Government, 
in conclusion, desires to make certain special reserva- 
tions in connection with particular agreements which 
Italy might conclude with other countries, particularly 
with neighbouring countries, with the object of securing, 
on the principle of reciprocity, special facilities for their 


38 — 



1. In principle the Imperial Government sees no 
objection to the estabhshment of a uniform type of ordinary 
passport, but it ventures to point out that the difference 
of character and custom in Europe and America are 
likely to prove an obstacle to the desired uniformity as 
far as Japan is concerned. The fixing of July ist next 
as the date for the issue of the new passports clearly affords 
Japan insufficient time to make the necessary changes 
in procedure and to print and prepare the new forms. 
Under these circumstances, the Imperial Government 
is obliged to ask for a delay of at least a year. 

2. Duration of validity of the passport: 

{a) Passport issued for a single journey; 

{b) Passport issued for two years. 
With regard to the subdivision mentioned above, the 
Imperial Government, with certain reservations, approves 
of this measure. 

3. The fee prescribed for the issue of passports should 
be as low as possible, and should be levied uniformly 
without discrimination between aliens and nationals and 
between the various ahen nationaUties. 

It is agreed that the fee levied should not depend on 
the nationahty of ahens, but, as ordinary passports are 
not granted to ahens in Japan, the provision in question 
will not apply in that country. 

With regard to the charges made on the issue of pass- 
ports exclusively for the use of nationals, the Japanese 
Government desires to reserve the right to collect them 
at its discretion and according to circumstances. 

4. Agreed. 

5. Agreed. 

— 39 — 

6. Not required. 

7. The Imperial Government agrees that as regards 
passports vahd for a single journey the duration of validity 
of the visa should be the same as that of the passport. 
Moreover, it is suggested that these passports and visas 
should remain valid as long as the holder stays in the 
country of destination. With regard to passports valid 
for two years, the Imperial Government sees no reason 
why visas for one 3^ear should not be issued; nevertheless, 
it hopes that such visas would be considered valid for 
an indefinite period. The Imperial Government also 
accepts the other proposals in this article. 

8. Agreed. It is to be noted, however, that the 
reciprocal adoption of differential tariffs for visas issued 
to the nationals of the various countries seems inconvenient 
in practice. The Government therefore intends to levy 
an equal charge for visas to the nationals of all countries 
at a fixed charge of less than 10 gold francs. 

The Government gives its approval both to the aboh- 
tion of individual reductions of the fee and to exemptions 
from visa charges in the case of certain categories of 
persons, provided such exemptions are expressly subject 
to the conditions of equality and reciprocity. 

9. Owing to special circumstances, the Japanese 
Government cannot agree to the transit visa, having 
regard to the fact that this visa would, unless for excep- 
tional reasons, be issued at once without enquiry solely 
on production of the entrance visa for the country of 

10. As regards the duration of validity of the transit 
visa, the Government has no objections to make; never- 
theless it takes the same attitude here as indicated in para- 
graph 7, that is to .say, that the period of validity of the 
transit visa should be the .same as that of the entrance 
visa for the country of destination. Further, it accepts 
the reservation according to which the transit visa author- 
ises one or more journeys across the territory, each 
of normal duration without voluntary interruption of 
the journey. 

11. It agrees that the maximum fee charged should 
be I gold franc. With regard to the remainder of the 
paragraph, reference should be made to the statcmciil 
in section 8. 

— 40 — 

12. It agrees that the preceding provisions should 
be apphed to family passports as they are to individual 

13. The fees for visas on collective passports for 
emigrants will be fixed in conformity with the above- 
mentioned provisions, and will be collected without 
any discrimination based either upon the nationality 
of the holder or the points of entry into or exit from the 

Even in the case of collective passports, the Govern- 
ment suggests that these passports should be valid for 
an indefinite period in the country of destination; that 
each of the States which, as in the case of Japan, issue 
passports exclusively to its nationals, should be left com- 
pletely free to determine the amount of the fee charged; 
that the period of validity of the entrance visa should 
be determined with due regard to the point of view ex- 
pressed in paragraph 7, and, finally, that the visa fee 
and other matters should be determined in conformity 
with the proposal submitted in the section dealing with 
individual passports. 


(a) Agreed. 

{b) Up to the present, there has been no visa of this 

(c) This visa, like that mentioned in the previous 
section, has not, up to the present, been required in Japan. 

(d) Agreed. 
{e) Agreed. 
(/) Agreed. 


14. Agreed. 

15. Agreed. The date from which this measure is to 
be put into force will be communicated later. 


16. No answer. 


17. Agreed. 

— 41 — 



1. Agreed. 

2. Agreed to extend the validity of passports to two 
years, and to provide for extending their validity at the 
conclusion of each period of two years. 

3. The present fee of ten francs (Luxemburg) for 
passports vahd for one year only will be maintained for 
the two-year passport. 

Agreed, together with the other proposals in this 
paragraph . 

4. Agreed. 

5. Not required. 

6. Neither the passports of nationals nor those of 
aliens are vised on exit. 

7. Agreed to a general extension of the vahdity of 
entrance visas to one year. By agreement between the 
Governments of the three countries, nationals of Luxem- 
burg proceeding to France or Belgium, and French and 
Belgian nationals proceeding to the Grand-Duchy have 
been exempted, not only from the obligation of obtaining 
a visa for their passports, but also from that of holding 
a passport. They need only possess identity papers, 
which are exempt from visa. 

8. The Grand-Ducal Government has only charged fees 
for passport visas since December ist, 1920. Reciprocity 
is the determining factor in hxing the fee charged for the 
issue of a visa to an alien. The Government agrees to 
the other proposals in this article. 

9. 10 and II. The transit visa does not exist. Once 
the traveller holds the entrance visa of the country of 
destination, he may traverse the Grand-Duchy without 
the Luxemburg visa. 

12. Agreed that the family passport shall correspond 
in every respect to the individual passport, particularly 
in the matter of fees. 

— 42 — 

13- The Grand-Ducal Government agrees to the 
proposals in this resolution, subject to the observations 
set forth in the preceding number, and on condition of 
reciprocity, which forms the basis of the Luxemburg 


{a) The Grand-Ducal Government has exempted the 
inhabitants of numerous districts in the three adjacent 
countries from passport and visa. These inhabitants 
need only be provided with a frontier card. The frontier 
card is issued for a fee of Fr, 1.50. 

{b) An entrance visa to the Grand-Duchy is not re- 
quired of nationals. 

(c) An exit visa is not required of nationals. 

{d) The Grand-Ducal Government will be glad to 
follow up any suggestion which may be submitted to it 
with a view to agreements on this point. 

[e) Agreed. 

(/) Agreed. 


14. Agreed. 

15. Agreed. 


(g) Agreed. 
(h) Agreed. 
(i) Agreed. 
(j) Agreed. 
{k) Agreed. 

16. Agreed. 

17. Agreed. 
(/) Agreed. 



(w) Agreed. 

— 43 



1. Not practicable; prefer to retain the present type 
of passport. There are at present two kinds of Nether- 
lands passports, — one, of a bulky description, for the 
use of persons obliged by their calling to travel frequently, 
and the other, thinner in bulk, for the use of persons 
travelling for pleasure. 

2. There are practical objections to the issue of pass- 
ports for a period of two years. Passports have hitherto 
been issued for a period of one year with the possibility 
of an extension of the period when the holder is abroad. 
A bill has been passed by Parliament making it possible 
to extend the validity of a Netherlands passport in that 
country itself. 

3. The passport fees are only slightly higher than the 
cost of production and stamping. There is no discrimin- 
ation of the kind referred to in the resolution. 

4. Agreed. 

5. Preliminary visas are not required. 

6. Exit visas are not required either for Dutch nationals 
or foreigners. 

7. Owing to the housing and unemployment crisis, it 
has, up to the present, been necessary in several cases to 
reduce the period for which visas are valid. Notification 
to the Secretariat of the number of visas issued would, 
in view of the visas given by Dutch representatives abroad, 
entail administrative difficulties and expense which appear 
to be out of proportion to the utility of the measure pro- 
posed. Visas are valirl for all jjlaces on the frontiers by 
which travellers enter. 

— 44 — 

8. A Bill has also been passed to make the fee for 
Netherlands visas correspond with that named in the 
resolution. This bill further provides for fixing the visa 
fee for the various countries on the basis of reciprocit}^ 
As soon as this bill has been submitted to the Dutch Par- 
liament a copy will be transmitted to the Secretariat of 
the League of Nations. 

9. The transit visa is abolished altogether, except for 
subjects of States not recognised by the Netherlands, 
and for Polish, Lithuanian, Finnish, Esthonian and 
Latvian subjects. 

10. As a rule transit visas are granted for a single 
journey only to the subjects of countries not recognised 
by the Netherlands. 

11. The above-mentioned Parliamentary bill fixes a 
fee for transit visas corresponding to that named in the 

12. Collective family passports may be granted; such 
passports, however, must be provided with a double 
stamp, and the fee is accordingly higher than in the case 
of an individual passport. 

13. In the case of emigrants no visa will be required. 


{a) The Dutch Government is of opinion that it will 
prove very difficult to give effect to these recommendations. 
For local frontier traffic there are numerous classes of 
foreigners — subjects of neighbouring countries — who 
are not under compulsion to procure passports. It will, 
however, give this point fuller consideration. 

{b) and (c). The visas mentioned under (b) and (c) are 
not required. 

{d) The Dutch Government raises no objection to 
granting visas for passports which are not issued for the 

(e) In favour. Compulsory notification by foreigners 
to the police of their arrival and departure will shortly 
be abolished. 

(/) The Dutch Government has already entered into 
negotiations with the Governments of adjacent countries 
as regards first paragraph. The Government is of opinion 

— 45 — 

that the regulations recommended in second paragraph 
are impracticable. The regulations contemplated in the 
third paragraph have already been put into effect. 


14. In favour. 

15. In favour. 


{g) In favour. 

(/?) In view of the temporary aboHtion of almost all 
export prohibitions, measures have been taken to reduce 
to a minimum the examination at frontier stations of 
registered luggage on the great international hues. 

Apart from the fact that the examination of passengers' 
outgoing registered luggage at the point of departure in 
large railway centres would present difficulties, the Dutch 
Government is of opinion that the travelling public would 
be seriously inconvenienced by a measure such as has been 
recommended under (h), because the formahties at the 
point of departure would occasion a still further delay, 
while the formalities to be complied with at the Customs 
frontier (which cannot be completely dispensed with on 
account of non-registered luggage) would not be appreciably 
accelerated or simplified. 

(i) It is possible even now to have incoming registered 
luggage examined at the place of destination when the 
place in question has been marked as a station where 
import duties are paid, provided passengers do not have 
such luggage examined at the frontier station. At present 
recourse is had to this right only in cases where the pas- 
senger is not present on the arrival of the luggage at the 
frontier station. 

(;■) In the opinion of the Dutch Government, there is 
no objection at present to the examination of hand luggage 
on the train in frontier stations, cither on entering or 
leaving the country. It was, moreover, decided some time 
ago that at a number of frontier stations the examination 
of outgoing registered luggage might be carried out on 
the train during the stop. There arc, however, objections 

— 46 — 

to the examination of incoming registered luggage on the 
train at frontier stations, and also to any examination 
during the journey. 
{k) In favour. 

(/) In favour. 

(w) In favour. 

— 47 — 



1. Agreed. 

2. Agreed. 

3. Agreed. The fee required for the issue of a passport 
in New Zealand is 10/-. 

The Government of New Zealand agrees with the 
recommendations of the Imperial Government to the effect 
that passports should not be issued to persons other than : 
(a) British subjects. 

(6) Persons, the protection of whose interests abroad 
have been entrusted to His Majesty's Government 
by a Mandate of the League of Nations, 
(c) Bona fide natives of British Protectorates and 
British-protected States. 

4. Diplomatic passports will not be issued by the 
Government of New Zealand, but the status of diplomatic 
persons will be authenticated by special visa. 

5. Prehminary visas are granted in New Zealand free 
of charge and this practice is to be continued. 

6. Regulation No. 2 of the Second Schedule of the 
War Regulations Continuance Act, 1920, provides that no 
person over the age of 15 years shall leave New Zealand 
for any place beyond the seas save in pursuance of a 
written permit. The permit to leave New Zeahmd is 
granted in the form of an exit visa to passport holders, 
and must therefore remain in force until the above- 
mentioned regulations arc revoked or amended. 

— 48 — 

7- Agreed, subject to the observations made with 
regard to this paragraph by the Government of Great 

8. Agreed. 

9. Agreed. 

10. Agreed. 

11. Agreed. 

12. Agreed, subject to the observations made on this 
subject by the Government of Great Britain. 

13. Agreed. 

— 49 — 



The Norwegian Government would be quite willing 
to carry out in a general manner the proposals of the 
Paris Conference, on condition, however, that similar 
measures were adopted by a considerable majority of 
other countries, and subject to the restrictions and modi- 
fications enumerated below. 

The measures in question might, if adopted, be put 
into force in Norway as from October ist, 192 1, pro\dded, 
however, that the final drafting of the necessary provi- 
sions and their promulgation can be effected before that 

The special reservations which the Government feels 
bound to make with regard to the resolutions adopted by 
the Paris Conference are clearly set forth below: 

I. The Norwegian Government has no objection to 
the suggested establishment of a uniform type of ordinary 
passport (" international type "). It is, however, of opinion 
that each country should exercise its discretion in the 
choice of the quality, the colour, the watermark, etc., of 
the paper used for its passports, as these are characteristic 
features which may constitute a means of recognising the 
issuing country and preventing forgeries. The uniform 
type of passport should be employed not only by the 
central authorities, but also by consulates and legations. 
However, before using the new type, we reserve the right 
to exhaust the stocks of passports of the form at present 
in use. 

It is desirable that the passports of the new type 
issued for journeys between Norway, Sweden and Den- 
mark should not contain more than eight to sixteen pages. 

2 and 3. The Norwegian Government has no observa- 
tions to make with regard to the provisions deahng with 
the duration of validity of passports and the fee charged. 

— 50 — 

4- According to the provisions of Annex II to the 
resolution, only the high officials of the household of a 
Head of State, excluding the subordinate staff, would be 
furnished with diplomatic passports. The Norwegian 
Government finds this provision too Hmited. It considers 
that when members of the Royal Household travel abroad, 
all persons accompanying them should be furnished with 
passports of the same form. It has always been the 
custom in Norway to issue diplomatic passports to such 
persons. The Norwegian Government has no observa- 
tions to make with regard to Nos. 2, 3, 4 and 5 of Annex III. 

5. The provision concerning prehminary visas calls for 
no remark on the part of the Norwegian Government. 

6. Not required. 

7. The Norwegian Government presumes that in each 
country the authorities entrusted with the granting of 
visas will be entirely free to pursue any enquiry which 
might appear justified by the request for visas submitted 
to them. The authorities of each country should, more- 
over, reserve discretionary power to refuse the visas 

The Norwegian Government hesitated somewhat in 
adhering to the proposal of the Conference, according to 
which visas shall, as a general rule, be granted for one 
year. It only adhered subject to the express reservation 
that the competent authorities shall remain entirely free 
to intervene in the case of any persons whose sojourn in 
the country is considered incompatible with national safety. 

Under this heading the Norwegian Government would 
refer to the provisions of letter {e) of the recommendations 
of the Paris Conference. It is, moreover, laid down that 
each State shall every six months furnish certain inform- 
ation to the Secretary-General of the League of Nations. 
Not agreed : the Government considers that such commu- 
nications would entail a large amount of unnecessary work. 

8. The Norwegian Government has no observations 
to make on the proposals drawn up by the Conference 
with regard to fees charged for visas. It presumes, how- 
ever, that these provisions wiU not apply when a visa is 
requested by nationals of States which have not adhered 
to them. In such cases, the Norwegian Government 
proposes to continue to determine the fees charged on 
the principle of reciprocity. 

— 51 - 

9, 10 and ii. As regards the provisions concerning 
transit visas, the Norwegian Government, while it hesitates 
to agree to the immediate issue of these visas without 
enquiry solely upon production of the entrance vdsa for 
the country of destination, would not oppose putting 
these resolutions of the Conference into practice, provided 
they are unanimously approved by the adhering countries. 

12. Agreed. 

13. The provisions dealing with collective passports for 
emigrants call for no remark on the part of the Norwegian 


{a) The passport exemptions contemplated in the first 
of these recommendations have already been put into 
practice between Norway and Sweden under agreement 
between the two Governments. Foreign sailors in pos- 
session of identity cards are similarly exempt from pass- 
port formahties in Norway. The Norwegian Government 
will consider the question of granting passport exemptions 
on a still larger scale in accordance with the recommend- 
ation of the Conference. 

{b) No entrance visa is at present required in Norway 
for Norwegian nationals. 

(c) An exit visa is not at present required in Norway 
either for nationals or aliens. 

(d) The measures recommended by the Conference 
with regard to the entrance visa for passports not covering 
all destinations are already generally carried out by the 
Norwegian authorities who issue passport visas. The 
Norwegian Government entirely approves of this practice. 
But it is of opinion that it is neither necessary nor expedient 
to conclude special agreements for this purpose with 
foreign States. 

(e) The Norwegian Government adheres in principle 
to the recommendations of the Conference as regards 
facilities of sojourn. It considers, however, that each 
State should remain completely free to take any stejjs it 
may consider necessary to this end. 

(/) The Norwegian Government is of opinion that tlu; 
measures recommended by the Conference with regard to 
the simplification (^f passport formalities should, as far 

— 52 — 

as possible, be carried out. It wishes, however, to make 
certain reservations concerning the proposal that author- 
ities issuing a visa for the country of destination should 
undertake the formalities necessary for the obtaining of 
other visas, as, for example, transit visas. This provision 
appears inevitably to impose on the authorities issuing 
visas a task which falls naturally on private individuals 
who desire to obtain a visa for their passports. 


14. Already in force. 

15. The Norwegian Government has no observations to 
offer with regard to the proposals concerning passengers 
in transit with money and scrip. 


ig) The Norwegian Government has no objection to 
the suggestion that adjacent States should conclude agree- 
ments among themselves for the establishm.ent of inter- 
national stations in cases where local conditions render 
this desirable. 

(^0' (*)> U) The examination of luggage by Customs 
officials is already carried out in Norway in conformity 
with the recommendations made by the Conference. 

(k) The question of the limitation of luggage calls for 
no remark by the Norwegian Government. 


16. Does not affect Norway. 


17. The Norwegian Government has no remark to 
make with regard to the recommendation of the Conference 
that the League of Nations should periodically obtain from 
the governments and publish any information of practical 
value concerning the passport system and Customs form- 
alities in force in the various countries. 

On the other hand, as regards the publication of 
information concerning passenger traffic, the Norwegian 
Government desires to point out that the matter of 

— 53 — 

establishing new international tickets has, up to the 
present, been dealt with by the establishment of railway 
federations grouping the railway administrations of the 
various countries interested. 

According to the organisation adopted by these 
federations, one of these national administrations per- 
forms the administrative duties of the federation and, 
in agreement with the other administrations belonging 
to it, publishes the new tariffs for journe3's between the 
States concerned, together with an}^ measures called for 
by the establishment of new communications between 
various countries, changes in the price of tickets, etc. 


(/) The recommendations of the Conference with regard 
to the estabUshment of direct international services calls 
for the same observations on the part of the Norwegian 
Government as the recommendation of the Conference 
set forth under the heading " IV — General Publicity, (17) 
Periodical Information." 


(w) The recommendations of the Conference concern- 
ing the transport of emigrants do not appear to have 
any practical bearing on Norway. 

However, it need scarcely be said that the Norwegian 
Government will always make every effort to ensure that 
emigrants passing through Norway shall enjoy the same 
facilities as those accorded to emigrants by the countries 
whose transport services compete with the Norwegian 
navigation companies. 




1. Agreed. The Polish Government cannot, however, 
at present fix the date for the adoption of the new form. 

2. In view of the necessity of definitely establishing 
the nationaUty of the present holders of Polish passports, 
the Government considers it desirable to retain for the 
time being the passport vahd for one year. 

3. The condition of the Polish Exchequer renders it 
necessary to retain for a certain time the fees now levied 
on the basis of the general Consular rate. 

4. The Polish Government has already taken, or will 
take in the immediate future, measures on the lines laid 
down in this proposal. 

5. The Polish Government has already taken, or will 
take in the immediate future, the steps necessary to ensure 
that preliminary visas will only be required by its agents 
in cases where the validity of the passport and the visa 
is subject to doubt. Such visas will always be given 

6. The Polish Government feels obliged to retain the 
exit visa both for its nationals and for aliens, this visa 
being essential for the lists of persons proceeding abroad. 

7. The PoUsh Government has for some time been 
considering the introduction of visas valid for several 
journeys to Poland. Present conditions, it is true, render 
it impossible to carry out this scheme to the extent desired 
by the Conference; Polish representatives abroad, however, 
will be authorised to issue visas for one month, valid for 
a single journey, and visas for three months valid for 
more than one journey. 

8. The condition of the Polish Exchequer renders it 
necessary to retain for a certain time the fees now levied 
on the basis of the general Consular rate. 

9. Measures in accordance with Article 9 have already 
been adopted by the Polish Government. 

— 55 — 

10. Polish representatives abroad issue transit visas for 
one month vahd for a single journey, and similar visas for 
three months valid for more than one journey. 

11. The condition of the Polish Exchequer renders it 
necessary to retain for a certain time the fees at present 
levied on the basis of the general Consular rate. 

12. The Polish Government has decided to introduce 
family visas. However, until further arrangements have 
been made, the name of the wife of the traveller will be 
inserted in the common passport only on payment of an 
additional fee. 

13. The Polish Government has already taken, or will 
take in the near future, measures on the lines of this pro- 

Recommendations . 

The gradual restoration of normal international rela- 
tions will enable the Polish Government to adapt its 
regulations to the proposals contained in these paragraphs. 


14. Agreed. 

15. Agreed. 


ig) Agreed. . 

{h) Agreed. 

{i) Agreed. 

(j) Agreed. 

(k) Agreed. 


17. Agreed. 


(/) Agreed. 


(w) Agreed. 

56 — 


The Roumanian Government approves of the pro- 
visions contained in the first part of the Resolutions of 
the Conference, i.e., the provisions dealing with the type 
of passport, its issue and the granting of visas. 

The provisions of the second part, which were not 
considered to warrant definite invitations, i.e., the 
provisions grouped together as recommendations under (a) 
to (/), cannot be accepted by the Roumanian Government, 
owing to the special circumstances of its present position. 

The Roumanian Government has expressed no opinion 
with regard to the resolutions and recommendations 
on the subject of Customs Formalities and Through 

— 57 — 



The reply of the Serb-Croat-Slovene State supplies 
no information on the subject of passports. 


As regards Customs formalities, the Serb-Croat-Slovene 
Government has forwarded the text of the Customs 
Law with regard to examination of luggage in transit. 

As a result of the exchange crisis, frequent modifications 
must be made in the provisions regulating trade and the 
circulation of foreign currencies. For this reason tra- 
vellers who have in their possession foreign money must 
be subjected to measures adopted for the purpose of 
preventing the export of capital. The Minister of Finance, 
however, has granted facilities to travellers in transit 
through the Kingdom by issuing to them at the frontier 
station by which they enter certificates mentioning 
the amount of money in their possession, and permitting 
them to take with them, on their departure, the amount 
mentioned on this certificate. 


As regards through tickets, the Serb-Croat-Slovcne 
Government states that it approves of the paragraph 
dealing with that question in the resolution of the Con- 
ference on Passports. 

58 — 


The Siamese Government has accepted all the pro- 
posals in the resolution and they will come into force 
on July ist next. 

— 59 



1. Agreed. 

2. Agreed. 

3. Union of South Africa passports are issued only to 
British subjects. Emergency certificates are issued to 
persons who are not British subjects when such persons 
are unable to obtain a national passport, owing to the 
absence of a Consular representative in the Union, or in 
cases where a person has lost his original nationality, 
without having acquired another. No distinction is made 
between nationals and non-nationals in regard to the fee 

4. This type of passport is not issued in the Union 
and so far there has been no occasion to issue one. 

5. Preliminary visas are not granted in the Union of 
South Africa. 

6. Exit visas are necessary to leave the Union of South 
Africa and, as they form a useful record especially for the 
police, it is not desired to abandon the practice. 

7. As the Union of South Africa has no Consular 
representatives abroad and as admission to the Union 
depends on the ability of the intending entrant to meet 
the requirements of the Immigrants Regulation Act 
(No 22 of 1913), entrance visas for the Union are, strictly 
speaking, not granted, but visas to travel to the Union are 
granted by His Majesty's Home Government and its 
Consular representatives abroad, as well as by the pa.ssport 
authorities of the British Dominions and Colonics. Any 
visas granted in the Union are, however, valid for the 
same period as the passport. 

8. It will be obvious from the preceding remarks that 
the Union Government does not regulate the charge for 
visas to travel to the Union, but with regard to visas 

— 60 — 

granted in the Union to travel to other British territory, 
the Union Government has adopted the principle of reci- 
procity, i. e. the nationals of each State are charged a 
fee equivalent to the fee charged a British subject by the 
Government of the State in question for a similar visa. 
9. The remarks under No. 7 apply also in this case. 

10. Ditto. 

11. The remarks under No. 8 apply in this case. 

12. This system is at present in force in the Union of 
South Africa. 

13. This does not apply to Union conditions. 


{a) This does not apply to South African conditions. 

{h) As British passports, unless otherwise endorsed, are 
valid for travel in any part of the British Empire, entrance 
visas to the Union of South Africa are not necessary in 
the case of nationals. 

(c) Holders of valid British passports leaving the 
Union for other British territory do not require a visa. 
(See {b).) 

[d) The Union Government is in favour of this principle. 
{e) There are no formalities in regard to sojourn in 

the Union of South Africa as far as persons who are able 
to meet the requirements of the Immigrants Regulation 
Act (No. 22 of 1913) are concerned. 

(J) Conditions in South Africa are such that the 
adoption of this recommendation in so far as the Union 
is concerned would not be necessary. 


Paragraphs 14 and 15. (Abolition of the examination 
of registered baggage in transit, and passengers and 
valuables in transit.) 

In connection with the resolutions on these two subjects, 
the Union Government of South Africa, while being pre- 
pared to grant such facilities as far as possible, wishes to 
state that the circumstances are somewhat peculiar in 
South Africa, and this being so, such transit facilities can- 
not always be given, for instance: 

[a) Basutoland, Swaziland and the Bechuanaland 
Protectorate do not form part of the Union ; nevertheless. 

— 61 — 

the Customs duties on goods intended for consumption 
therein belong to the Union Treasury, and must be col- 
lected at a Union port, for there are no Customs stations 
in those territories on the Union borders thereof. 

(b) The Union has Customs agreements with Southern 
and Northern Rhodesia under which goods could not 
pass in transit, say through the Union to Southern Rho- 
desia, for the first-named is responsible for the collection 
and the payment over of Customs duties to the Govern- 
ment of the territory of actual destination. 

The only exception under {b) would be that passengers' 
baggage may be consigned in bond to warehousing stations 
in Southern and Northern Rhodesia, but, of course, they 
are only to be found in the larger centres of population 
where such trade facilities are required. 

The remarks under [a] and {b) apply to the transit 
of valuables being, of course, the personal property of 
passengers and not for the purpose of trade. 

Recommendations . 

{g) As will be gathered from the foregoing remarks on 
Customs Formalities, the only bordering State South Africa 
has from a Customs point of view is the Portuguese Province 
of Mozambique, and, if desirable, there should be no diffi- 
culty in arranging for a joint Customs examination, say at 
Komati-Port. Legislation would, however, be necessary 
to give the Portuguese authorities jurisdiction to enforce 
the collection of their Customs duties within the Union 
of South Africa territory. 

(h) This recommendation does not apply to conditions 
prevaihng in the Union. 

(i) This can only be applied to a very limited extent 
in the Union, for the only Customs stations away from the 
ports are Kimberley, Pretoria, Johannesburg, Gcrmiston, 
Bloemfontein, Pietersburg, Middelburg, and Pictcrmaritz- 

(y) The Commissioner of Customs and Excise cannot 
agree to the principle of examining baggage on trains. 
If smuggling is contemplated, the articles to be smuggled 
are usually contained in accompanied baggage or secreted 
about the person, especially females, and the examin- 
ation of the persons of passengers could not be carried 
out in a train. 

— 62 — 

{k) This is inapplicable to passengers coming into 
South Africa. 

The Union Government Notice No. 1084 of 1914 deals 
with the baggage of tourists thus : 

"A refund of the duty originally paid will be made 
on all articles not intended for consumption in the Union 
imported by bona fide tourists for their use, convenience 
or comfort, while in the Union, under the following con- 

"{a) The goods or articles must be re-exported within 
a period of six months from the date of importation. 
"{h) Due notice must be given to the Collector of 
Customs at the port of shipment of the intention 
to re-export the articles on which a refund of duty 
will be claimed, and at the same time the owner 
must produce proof of the original payment of 
"(c) A certificate must be produced from a proper 
officer of Customs that the goods referred to 
therein have been duly shipped. " 


This item appears particularly to concern States 
participating in the operation of the Simplon-Orient 
Express. There through bookings made between 
Europe and South Africa, and it is unlikely that arrange- 
ments will be considered to bring such a system into 
operation until normal times are restored. 

The establishment, however, of a Publicity Branch for 
the Union of South Africa in the High Commissioner's 
Office is a step leading in that direction, and the matter 
will doubtless receive consideration when the time is ripe 
for such a course to be given a trial. 


All long-distance trains are composed of corridor 
saloon stock throughout the Union of South Africa. 

63 — 



1. The new type of passport corresponding to that 
recommended by the Conference has been issued. 

2. Agreed. 

3. Agreed. 

4. No answer. 

5. No answer. 

6. No answer. 

7. Agreed on condition of reciprocity. The diplo- 
matic and consular representatives of Spain abroad 
have received instructions to carry on the provisions 
of this paragraph. 

With regard to the other resolutions and recommend- 
ations of the Conference, a reply has not yet been received 
from the Ministries concerned. 

— 64 — 



The Swedish Government states that some of the 
measures proposed b}^ the Conference on Passports have 
already been apphed by the Swedish authorities, but 
that certain other proposals will not at present be put 
into force. There would be considerable risk in allowing 
a number of persons whose presence is incompatible with 
the interests of the country to extend their stay in 

As regards the proposal to fix a maximum for the 
fees which may be charged for the visa, the Swedish 
Government is perfectly ready to take part in a discussion 
on this question, if the other Governments concerned 
are disposed to do the same. 

The Swedish Government considers that the establish- 
ment of a uniform type of ordinary passport would encou- 
rage forgery and fraudulent reproduction. The Swedish 
Government, however, would also be willing to discuss 
this point. 

The Swedish Government has expressed no opinion 
with regard to the resolutions and recommendations 
on the subject of Customs Formalities and Through 

65 — 



I and 2. The Swiss Government will forward its 
decision later. 

3. Agreed. 

4. Agreed. 

5. Agreed. 

6. Agreed. 

7. Agreed as regards passports valid for a single 
journey. In the case of passports valid for two years, 
it admits that the visa should be vaHd for one year in 
all cases where special agreements are entered into with 
other States. This is already the case as regards France, 
Great Britain, U. S.A., Belgium and the Netherlands. 

8. The Federal Council gives its adherence to the 
proposed maximum fee of 10 francs (gold) for the visa 
issued by its representatives in European countries 
entitling the holder to make a single journey. 

As regards ordinary visas for one year granted by the 
Swiss authorities to nationals of States with which special 
agreements have been entered into, a fee of 10 francs 
(gold) will be charged on condition that these States do 
not impose a higher charge. 
9. Agreed. 

10. Agreed. 

11. The Federal Council will alwlish tlie present 
fee of 5 francs and will in principle adopt a fee of i franc 
(gold) for transit visas. 

12. Will forward its decision later. 

13. The Federal Council will only recognise colUrtive 
passports for emigrants in transit in the exceptional 
cases of convoj^'s of emigrants. Emigrants travelling 
with collective passports will pay the vi^^a fees in accord- 
ance with the rules laid flown for ordinary piussengcrs. 

— 66 — 

All that has been said in reply to the various resolu- 
tions enumerated in this proposal applies also to emigrants 
in possession of collective passports. 


(a) In favour. 

(b) In favour. 

(c) In favour. 

{d) Not in favour. 

(e) Switzerland has for a long time granted holders 
of passports provided with regular visas all such facilities 
for sojourn as are compatible with her health regulations, 
economic situation and the interests of her national 

(/) The Federal Council regards as impracticable the 
conclusion of agreements to enable the authority issuing 
a visa for the country of destination to undertake the 
necessary formahties for obtaining other visas, as for 
example transit visas. 

Switzerland is endeavouring to give ever -increasing 
travelling facilities to foreigners entering or leaving her 
territory. A very large number of measures have already 
been adopted to secure this object, and agreements have 
been reached with adjacent States whenever new arrange- 
ments could be made without prejudice to the political, 
moral and economic security of Switzerland. 

The Pohtical Department adds that in Switzerland 
the Customs and passport formalities generally take place 







In favour. 


In favour. 


In favour. 


In favour. 


In favour. 

— 67 — 

17. Agreed. 


(/) In favour. 

(m) In favour. 



1. Agreed. 

2. No answer. 

3. No answer. 

4. Agreed. 

5. No answer. 

6. No answer. 

7. No answer. 

8. The fee for a visa is 10 bolivars. This fee must 
be paid on entry into the territory of the Republic and 
is proved by stamps affixed to the document bearing 
the signatures of the parties concerned. 

No charge will be made for the visa on passports 
in the case of persons who come as emigrants to take 
up their residence in the country. 

The Venezuelan Government has expressed no opinion 
with regard to the resolutions and recommendations 
on the subject of Customs Formalities and Through 

— 69 — 


The necessity of a visa has been abolished for their 
respective nationals between: 
Belgium and China, 

,, ,, Great Britain, 

„ ,, Netherlands, 

,, ,, Switzerland, 

,, Uruguay. 
Denmark and Norway, 
,, ,, Sweden. 

France and Great Britain, 
,, ,, Netherlands, 
,, ,, Switzerland. 
Norway and Sweden. 
Netherlands and Italy, 
Netherlands and Switzerland. 
Switzerland and United States, 
,, ,, Lichtenstein, 

,, ,, Sweden, 

„ Uruguay. 
Moreover, the Belgian Government has abolished 
the necessity of a visa for the nationals of Italy, Japan, 
and the United States. 


The necessity of a passport has been abolished for 
Belgian, French, and Luxemburg nationals between 
Belgium, France and Luxemburg. 

— 70 — 

Results of the Graz Conference. 

The following proposals were adopted by the Con- 
ference : 

(a) Uniform type of passport — The duration of vaH- 
dity of passport shall be at least one year, save in excep- 
tional cases, when issued for a single journey. — The fee 
charged for the issue shall not be of a fiscal character. 

(b) Preliminary visas shall only be required in case 
the vahdity of the passport is subject to doubt. Such 
visas shall always be given free of charge. 

(c) Abolition of exit visas. 

(d) Entrance visas shall in principle be valid for the 
same period as the duration of vahdity of the passport. — 
The fee charged for an entrance visa valid for one year 
shall be ten gold francs. 

(e) Transit visas shall be issued as a rule without 
enquiry and shall have the same validity as that of the 
visa of destination. — The fee charged for a transit visa 
shall be one gold franc. 

These various decisions, together with a certain 
number of others of the same nature, were made the 
subject of a Convention between the Succession States 
of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy. 

In the case of certain States, it is provided that ratifi- 
cation should take place in the near future. Provision 
is further made for the subsequent adhesion of other 





March-April, 1921 
English text, 328 pp 10/- 







SEA-COAST — March-April, 192 1 

English text 15/- 





English text lo/- 


Professor Tajani 

English text (2 vols.) i' r 



om On) 



Authorised Agents for the Publications 
of the League of Nations. 



















Australasian Publishing Co., Ltd., 

229, Clarence Street, Sydney. 
Rikola Verlag A. G., 

Ill, Radetzkyplatz 5, Vienna. 

Librairie de la Lecture Universelle, 
86, rue de la Montague, Brussels. 
Librairie F. Topic, 

II Narodni, Prague. 
V. Pios Boghandel — Povl Branner, 
13, Norregade, Copenhagen. 
Editions G. Cres & Cie., 

21, rue Hautefeuille, Paris. 

Constable & Co., Ltd., 
10/12, Orange Street, London.W.C 2. 
Ferdinand Pfeifer (Zeidler Bros.), 
Kossuth Lajos-Utca 7 SZ. 

Budapest, IV, Ker. 
Oxford University Press, 

Bombay, Madras and Calcutta. 
Libreria Fratelli Bocca, 

Via Marco Minghetti 26-29, Rome. 
Maruzen Company, Ltd. 
(Maruzen-Kabushiki-Kaisha), 11 -16 
Nihonbashi Tori-Sanchome, Tokio. 
A. Gulbis, PubUsher, 

14, Souvoroff Str., Riga. 
Martinus Nijhofif, Boekhandelaar- 
Uitgever, Lange Voorhout, 9, 

Olaf Norli, 

Universitetsgaten 24, Kristiania. 
Editorial "Saturnino Calleja" S. A., 
Calle de Valencia 28, Madrid. 
C. E. Fritze, Hofbokhandel, 

Fredsgatan 2, Stockholm. 
Editions Fred. Boissonnas, 

4, quai de la Poste, Geneva. 
World Peace Foundation, 
40 Mt. Vernon Str., Boston 9, Mass. 

For OTHER COUNTRIES apply to : 

Publication Department, League of Nations, Geneva. 


AA 000 520 761 8 

For Reading Room Only 

For Ker^'i Room Onif 


jf " %