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and notes. 




abs. = absolute, absolutely. 

ace. = accusative. 

ace. to = according to. 

act. = active, actively. 

adj. = adjective, adjectively. 

adv. = adverb, adverbial, adverbially. 

Aeol. = Aeolic. 

antec. = antecedent. 

aor. = aorist. 

apod. = apodosis. 

App. = Appendix. 

appos. = apposition, appositive. 

art. = article. 

Att. = Attid. 

attrib. = attributive. 

aug. = augment. 

c, cc. = chapter, chapters (when nu- 
merals follow). 

cf. = confer (in referring to a parallel 

chap. = chapter. 

comp. = comparative. 

cond. = condition, conditional. 

conj. = conjunction. 

const. = construe, construction. 

oontr. = contraction, contracted. 

co-ord. = co-ordinate. 

dat. = dative. 

decl. = declension. 

def . = definite. 

dem. = demonstrative. 

dep. = deponent. 

dim. = diminutive. 

dir. = direct. 

disc. = discourse. 

Dor. = Doric. 

edit. = edition, editor. 

editt. = editions, editors. 

e.g. =for example. 

end. = enclitic. 

Eng. = English. 

Ep. = Epic. 

epith. = epithet. 

equiv. = equivalent. 

esp. = especial, especially. 

etc. = and so forth. 

excl. = exclamation. 

f., flE. = following (after numerical 

fem. = feminine. 
Jin. = sub fine. 

freq. = frequently. -«^ 

f ut. = future. 

G. = Goodwin's Greek Grammar, ^ 
gen. = genitive. 

GM«f.= Goodwin's Moods and Tenses. 
H. = Hadley's Greek Grammar. 
hist. pres. = historical present. 

ibid. '^ in the same place. 

plpl. = pluperfect. 

id. = the same. 

pred. = predicate. 

i.e. = thati3. 

prep.. — preposition. 

pre8."= present 

irapi= imperfect. 

priT.= privative. 

imv. = imperative. 

prob. = probable, probably. 


pron, = pronoun. 

iudeL = inilefliute. 

prop. = proper, properly. 

indie. = indicative. 

prot. = protasis. 

iiidir. = indirect. 

quoL = quoted, quotation. 

ini. = infinitiTe. 

q.v.- ahich see. 

inlerr.= interrogative, Interrogatively. 

refl. = reflexive, rcflexively. 

intr.= Intransitive, intrausltively. 

rel.=relative, relatively. 

Introd. = Introduction. 

Rem. = remark. 

Ion. = Ionic. 

S. = Schmidt's RhyCAmic and SUtrU 

Kr.Spr. = KvOger'aSpraehlehre, Enter 

ic^ scilicet. 



Kr. Dial = KrUger'a SpracMehre. ZkH- 

sent. = aenlence. 

ler Tkeil. 

sing. = singular. 

I.T*.= «lllTiiKl- 

subj.= subject. 

ktA. = Hal Ti KoariL 

subjv. = subjunctive. 

Kiihn. = Kiihner's AuafJUtrliche Gram- 


subst. = substantive, HUbatantively. 

Lat. = Latin. 

sup. = superlative. 

L. «. S.= LiddeU and Scoll'a Lexicon. 

g.v.^ tub voce. 


Ut. = Uteral, Uterally. 

viz. = namely. 

v.l.^varla lectio. 

mid, = middle. 

voc,=: vocative. 

Ma., Mas, = manuscript, manuscripta. 

5, §§ = section, sections. 

neg. = negative. 

i'lurals are formed generally by add^ 

neut. = neuter. 


nom.= nominative. 
obi. = object. 

oba. = observe, obaervation. 
opp. to = opposed to. 

Generally small Roman numeral 
(lower-case letters) are used 
referrijig to the books of i 
author ; but A, B, r, etc, in reft 

opt, = optative. 

ring to tlie books of the niafi 

p., pp. = page, pages. 

part. gen. = partitive genitive. 

paitic. = participle. 

aud a, 8, y, etc. fn referring 
the books of tlie OOysa^, 

pasa. ^paasive, passively. 

pera. = peraon, personal, peraonally. 

authors and of their tvoita, t 

pf. = perfect. 

dell and Scott's List is geneis 








(01^ THE CEOWl^) 





Pbofbssor of Greek in Dartmouth Oolleob 

C ■• • * ■ . » \ — ^ *x n m «»■ >■ 

Boston, U.S.A., and London 


Entbbed at Stationers* Hall. 

Copyright, 1889, by 
John Williams White and Thomas D. Seymour. 

At.t. Biohts Reserved. 


• • i • •• 

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Typography by J. S. Cushino & Co., Boston, U.S.A. 

Presswork by Ginn & Co., Boston, U.S.A. 


Aeschines has gained more than he has lost by the fate which 
has associated him so intimately with the great rival who over- 
shadows him. While his orations have an interest of their own, 
that interest is greatly increased by the fact that in each of them 
he stands opposed to Demosthenes. 

The Oratio7i against Ctesiphon should be read as a companion- 
piece to Demosthenes On the Crown, This necessary connection 
has been kept in view in the present edition. 

The basis of the present edition is the German edition of 
Andreas Weidner, Director of the Gymnasium at Dortmund, 
who has kindly given his consent to this use of his work. His 
commentary has been freely modified to meet the needs of 
advanced college students in America. 

Weidner's text, which is the unique feature of his work, has 
been substantially reproduced. Suspecting wholesale interpola- 
tion, he has resorted to severe pruning. A summary of his 
method is given, and the main changes which he has made are 
noted in the Appendix, where some judgments upon his work 
are also cited. Of his own services he thus modestly speaks 
in the Jahrbiicher fur FhUologie, Vol. CXVII. (1878) p. 854, in 
reply to an attack which passed the bounds generally set for 
decent criticism: "Ich fiihle mich von fehlern und irrttimern 
nicht frei, aber ich bin mir bewust redlich fiir die verbesserung 
des Aischinestextes gestrebt zu haben, und ich bin tiberzeugt 
dasz, wenn schlieszlich meine ansicht fiber die tiberlieferung 
nicht durchdringen sollte, meine arbeit doch nicht vergeblich 
gewesen ist." 


So many references have been made in these notes to the 
following works that the author's name only has been used 
instead of the full title; — 

SchafeVy Demosthenes und seine Zeity 1st edition. 

Schomanny Greek Antiquities y Vol. I. Translated by Hardy and Mann. 
Rivingtons, London, 1880. 

Grotey History of Greece y 12 vols., Murray, London, 1884. 
Boeckhy Public Economy of the Athenians. Translated by Lamb. 

The references to the notes have been made with old style 
numerals for the sections, and ordinary numerals for the lines. 
Thus, 8. 4 means § 8, line 4. 

The editor cannot easily express his great indebtedness to 
Professor White for the close and kindly interest with which 
he has followed the work. He also acknowledges himself under 
renewed obligations to his friend and former colleague, Profes- 
sor Wright, who has read all the proofs and given helpful sug- 
gestions. Professor Goodwin and Professor Seymour, though 
occupied with other editorial work, have also kindly rendered 

Dartmouth Oollbob, August, 1889. 



Early Life of Aeschines. 

1. Aeschines was born in 390 or 389 b.c. ; for in his oration 
against Timarchus, delivered in 345 b.c, he speaks of himself as 
in his forty-fifth yeai\^ He was consequently five or six years 
older than Demosthenes. 

In regard to his parents and his early life, our only sources 
of information are the statements of himself and Demosthenes. 
The so-called authorities ^ draw their statements only from these 
sources, and we are, fortunately, better able to judge them here 
than in their accounts of the closing years of the orator's life, 
where they are drawing from sources unknown to us. It it nat- 
ural that these authorities should repeat those piquant details in 
which Demosthenes On the Crown (xviii.) and On the Embassy 
(xix.) abound. We even find the Vita Anonymi accepting it for 
a fact that Aeschines' mother was commonly called Empusa, the 
hobgoblin. But it seems almost a crime, when a modern writer 
accepts such statements as true.* 

2. The calumnies of Demosthenes are now so well understood 
to be without any basis of reality that they hardly call for refu- 
tation. On account of their persistent effect, however, it may be 
well to mention why the}- have been discredited. In his oration 
On tJie Embassy Demosthenes is sufficiently embittered against 
Aeschines to say the worst things at his command about him and 
his parents. There the father, Atrometus, is a poor schoolmaster 
who gets a living, to be sure, but is the last man to think of 

^ I. 49. chines ; Libanius, Hypothesis to Dem, 

^Decern Orat. Vit.; Aeschin, Vit, xix.; Photius, J5/6/. Ixi. 

Anon.; ApoUonius, Aeschin. Vit. ; Phi- « g^^ Westermann, Gesch. dergriech, 

iostratus, Soph. Vit.; Soidas, s. v. Aes- Beredsamkeit, § 68.- 


'• serving the state in any conspicuous way.' Aeachincs and his 
brother ore only ordinary fellows, roin rvxovra.^ arBpiawovi.^ The 
mother, Glaucothea, is accused of raiscoudiict in the management 
of a priesthood, perhaps not too reputable in itself, in oi^der to 
obtain money from tbe worshippers.' 

In the oration On the Crown the father has become a school- 
master's slave, and a bad one at that, bound with fetters to fteep 
him within bounds, rearing in tbe most oppressive poverty the 
future orator, who shares his menial employments. His real 
name is not Atrometus, but Tromes, until his upstart son puts 
two extra syllables to it.* 

The mother experiences a atill worse transformation. She now 
appears as a prostitute of the most shameless sort, for wliom it is 
a promotion to be taken in charge by the galley-slave Phormio.'' 

It would be far too charitable to suppose that Demosthenes had 
in the tliirteen years' interval heard from new soui'cea this more 
unfavorable gossip about Aeschines' parents. His own incensed 
soul is doubtless the source of it all. Aeschines had just taunted 
him with a Scythian origin,* and he wished to say something very 
bitter in reply. He probably achieved a temporary triumph, but 
at the expense of being placed for all time ou a ' bad eminence ' as 
an Aristophanes of the bema. He thereby ceased to be an author- 
ity on Aeschines' parentage, the manifest fiction of xviii.' throw- 
ing discredit on the otherwise not incredible statements of xtx." 

3. Aeschines' own account of his origin is given in ri. 147 ff. 
with a simple dignity that commands credence. According to this 
account, his father, Atrometus, was an Athenian citizen, belong- 

' Deni. XII, 249, 23l f. 

X ibid. 20D, 249, 2S1. 

* Dem. ivni. 129 f., 258. 

» §S 17' ff- 

' The name Tromes aelented for 
AcBchinea' father ta significant of tlio 
character of the nhole attack. This 
name, signifying 'Trembler,' would 
never be pven to a child; and if by 
Buy chance it got fastened to a slave, 

he would not. on becoming a citizen, 
assume such a uatiie as Atrometus, 
wliich wonld be a, continual reminder 
of the otiier. The grain of truth in 
the whole matter may be that Atro- 
metna whs familiarly called Tromes, - 
just as ' Zeuxippns ' was shortened to 
'Zcuxia,' and ■Lysanias' to 'Lyaias.' 
8 The whole case is fairly reviewed 
in Schiifer, Demosthenes und seine Zeil, 
I. pp, 194 ff. and Blass, Attiacht Bend- 
samhit, HI. 2. pp. 130 f. 


ing to a family of Bome distioction having access to high priestly 
offices. Born in 437 u.c.,' he grew up in the troubled years of 
the Pelopoiiiiesian War. In that war ho lost his property, at a 
time when good families in Attica were probably aa proud of tlieir 
poverty aa the French aristocracy under the Erst empire. In his 
early days he had aspirations to excel in athletics. From this cir- 
cumstance, aa well as from his long life, we may infer that be was 
gifted with that fine physique which appears in the nest genera- 
tion.' Banished by the Thirty Tyrants, he distinguiBlied himself 
as a soldier in Persian service in Asia Minor, and then took part 
in the expulsion of the Thirty Tyrants and the restoration of the 
democracy. All Aeschines' relatives on his mother's side, he 
aaaerts, were free-born Athenians ; and the few words which he 
devotes to her in ii. 148 show plainly that he feit that here was 
no cause for blushing.' In regartl to her priesthood we have no 
certain knowledge, for Aeschines makes jnst aa little reply to the 
early attack as to the later, and bis silence on this point may be aa 
justly constiTJcd favoraTily as the reverse. 

The poverty of Atrometns waa probably tbe basis on which 
the whole fabric of Demosthenes' slander rested. The position 
attained by Aeschines and his brothers was in striking contrast 
to their somewhat lowly origin. Though they had doubtless risen 
by native merit, Demosthenes seems to have wished to remind them 
that they d id not belong iii^the same station with those who had 
never been poor. From this point of view, to say nothing of tbe vil- 
est slanders hea[)ed upon tbe mother, one feels it hard to find woi'ds 
properly to characterize such passages as Dem, svin. 257 f., 16$. 

i. Should any one feel that Aeschines is not to be trusted even 
when he wears a seemingly honest face, and cherish a lingering 
suspicion that there was something disreputable about his origin, 
three considerations might be submitted. (1) Orations like those 

I He was 94 years nld a 
of Aeseliines' trial, US b 
147. He nppcura to hay 
the aeqnittal ot his son 01 
Bee on § 191.6, 

^ Tradition is constant ii 

thii excellence t 

Aeachines. Tlie 

brother Pliilochares aleo is spoken of 
tll. 149) fta it yviivairlais StarplBfr. 

* Aa an mlditional proof of Glaueo- 
thea's respectability we have (11. 78) 
the Btntement thitt her brother Cleo- 
bulus, the son of Glaucus of Aehar- 
Dae, WHS a general of lomu note. 



of Aeechinea, whatever their deficiencies ftnd positive tlemisheB, 
coulil hardly he the productions of a man who leaped from the 
gutter iuto the sennte-ehamber. (2) If Aeschiues, a slave by 
birth, had stolen citizenship, as Demosthenes frequently allies,' 
Demostlienes would have stopped his ti'oiililesome mouth with a 
suit easily conducted, rather than allow him to cut through so 
many of his own cherished schemea. (3) That three brothers, nil 
born slaves, should work their way into the highest offices of the 
8tat«, and become ambassadors, generals, and state treasarers,* 
caps the climax of incredibility. 

Unquestionably Aeschines lacked true greatness of soal, but of 
hia legitimate and respectable birth there is no reasonable doubt. 

5. There is abundant evidence that he had a good school edu- 
cation. I'robably his father taught him. Limited means doubt- 
less prevented liim from being elaborately trained in rhetoric and 
philosophy." So much the more does he pride himself on the inuSeOx 
that he has enjoyed, in a manner perhaps characteristic of those 
whose attainments are not great.* At any rate, his main educa- 
tion seems to have been that of the self-made man, which comes 
from mingling with affiiira. That he had natural gifts for ora^ 
tory, and thought well of them, appears from passages like ii. 41 '■ 
and III. 228. That bis natural gifts were supplemented by work \ 
appears at least from the care with which he revised his orations 
fQT publication. 

6. The flrat step in Aeschinee' upward career was taken in mili- 
tary service. After serving aa J-^/Sm his appointed two years, 
iu the home guard," he was engaged at the age of twenty-four in 
the akirmish at Nemea, where he so distinguished himself as to 
be praised by the general. Chares." This was an auspicious be- 
ginning, which he followed up in several more important engage- 
ments, winning his laurels iu the battle of Tamynae 330 b.c, 

1 Cf. Deni.xviH, 261. 

" 0/. Vem. XIX. 237. 

' The deBire to connect in some wa^ 
all illaatriaua con tempo rsriee, <!oubt- 
tesB accountB for reports making him 
the BCholsr of Isocrateg, Plato, iwd 
even of Socratos ! The Scholiast on 

II. I givea DemetritiB PbalereitB as au- 
thority for tliiB connection with Plato 
and Sou rales, but theScliol. probably 
confounded Sooratea with IsocrateB. 

* See 01 

» C/. r.. 




when lie was chosen by Phocion, as a reward of valor, to bear the 
news with one comrade to Athens, aud received a ci'owu on Ihe 
field and at Athena.' His frequeut canii>aigus in an age when 
most Atiieuians shunned military service are !i little sui'iJiisiug. 
The question may be raised, but not answered, whether it was the 
soldier's pay or the charm of the service that attracted him. At 
any rate he did not devote himself permanently to the profession, 
like hia older brother Philocharee, who became a general, and was 
serving his third consecutive year in that office in 343 b.c' In 
view of Aeschines' military services, it may be claimed that 
Demostlicnes never uttered a more inappropriate jibe than ftu;^- 
trlos CTTpaTLioTTii, <u ZeD." 

7. But long before his last Euboean campaign Aeschines had 
entered upon an emjiloyment which not only afforded a good sup- 
port, but was an excellent training for public life. He served as 
a clerk {ypafiiiarttK) , probably during a long period (with the ex- 
ception of an interval devoted to the drama) , passing through all 
the stages of tliis work, from the position of a sub-clerk {vTroypofi/xa- 
Ttus), or helper of petty magistrates' for mere pay, up to the hon- 
orable office of ypufi/wiTfus T$s PovXrji.' Demosthenes pours out 
his ridicule upon Aeschines for tjiis service, employing the woi-d 
ujToypa/i/ioreuW (xK. 70) of his functiooa even in tlie highest 
rank. He even makes it a matter of reproach that he thereby 
secured a living at the public table. ° 

If any chronology can be gathered out of the passages in Demos- 
thenes healing on this subject, it would appear tint Aeschines 
served in the minor gLades of cleikship before becoming an actor, 
and then failing in this, proceeded on the stienslh of his experi- 
ence as cub-clcLk to the highei giades confeiied h\ \ote of the 

' Cf. H. 169, 170. See on Syjin. 

* 0/. II. 149. He may dan.' lieen a 
general chosen for ahow ratlitr tlmii 
Berrice. Cf. Dem. iv. 26. 

"C/ Dm. XIX. 1.3. 

* Cf. Dem. iviii. 261, fcrTiptrtr^ to7i 
ifXaloii. XIX. 149. 

'For [he different cletluatAihenB, 

see Sehomann, Antiq, of Oreece, I. p. 
42!) f. 

^ Cf. Dera. XIX. 2OQ, 249. 

'' A complete hat of paassges in 
which thifl fanction of Aescbines is 
rtilicaled is Dem. xix. 70. 95, zoo, 
249, 3141 xviu. 127, J09, 261. 

1 S«e Suh&fer, I. p. 22U note. 



To tbe recommendation of Eiibnliis, who came into power on 
the downfall of Aristophon,' 354 b-o.*- Le probably owed this 
election. That in the earlier stages of his career he hud been 
helped by Aristophon appeai-s liitcly from Dem, xviii. 163 : poB- 
aibly he had been elected clerk of tiie Senate even under his admin- 
iBti-ation.^ To this experience in clerkships may be traced his 
enthusiasm for pnblic documents.* 

8. Tliis rise of Aeschinea seema to have carried the other mem- 
bers of the family along with him, Perliaps the military career of 
Philocharea was independent of it ; but Aphobetus was probably 
helped by Aeachinea, who was older and probably more gifted. 
We hear of A|)hobetus as associated with Aeschinea in the highest 
clerkship.' The chief distinction which he reached, however, was 
the appointment as state treasurer (o iwl ttjs BuHKjjiribyi) , the high- 
est financial officer in the state. ^ This office, though electircj was 
donbtlesa procured for him by Eubnlus, who, after serving as state 
treasurer for one term of four years, was precluded by the consti- 
tution from re-election, and secured himself in the control of the 
floances of tbe state by procuring the appointment of a man who 
would be tboroughly subservient to him. As this would make 
Aphobetiis' term of office extend over the eventful period of the 
fall of Olyntluis (350-346 u.c), it is possible that Demosthenes 
baa him in mind in III. 29, 01 fiiv ck ttui^^uiv irAoi!(rt(H yfyovairip. 

That Aphobetiis had also before 343 B.C. been sent on an em- 
bassy to the king of Persia' shows how much at home the family 
bad liecome in tbe high offices of the state. 

Meanwhile Aeschines himself had married into an excellent 
family. His father-in-law Philodenius was a man of inflnence in 
his deme, whose kind offices Demosthenes employed in securing 
enrolment among his fellow-d ernes men.*' His brotber-in-law 
Philou was a good boplite ° and a wealthy citizen '" of good repute, 

■.Seenn§ 139.4. < C/ gS 75. n- 

* Kor the fixing of lliis ciate, aee * Cf. Dptti. xix. 249. 

Schftfer, I. 177. » CX Ji. 149- 

*l*ss likely from tlie fact that ' C'/'. 11. i49. 

Dem. XI3. 349 speaks of this lining 

at the pulillc: expense as lasting only 


' Cf. ... ,50. 
'" In Dem. xvm . 312 AeschincB U 


GoniiectLOD with whom Aesehines is proud to cltiim. From this 
fortimate marriage Aesehines had, before 343 u.c, two sons and a 
(laughter, and he speaks like a maa thoroughly happy ia his family.' 
9. Aesehines' connection with the theatre, to which he Beema to 
have turned aside from his chosen calling, probably exercised a 
considerable influence upon his oratory, filling his mind with 
dramatic situations,^ and 4'iclmingiJlini_to_a_ pathetic styl_e.^ Tlie 
direct results of his acting were doubtless unsatisfactory to him. 
To assume that he was ashamed of this part of bis life, because 
he does not reply to the frequent taunts of Demosthenes on this 
point, would be unwarranted, since the orators prefer counter- 
thrust to refutation. Even the frequent tluuats afjout making 
base and petty gains from his clerkships elicit only the brief 

question (ll, 152) ^ Tc iriuTTOTC arrxfjiiov (VtKa ypt)fiariov irpaia^ \ The 

calling of an actor at Athens was not disreputable, and the best 
actors were ffted at home and courted by foreign potentates. 
Even only moderate success was nothing of which one needed 
to be particularly ashamed. Probably Aesohiues never attempted 
anything higher than the role of T/jiTayiuviar^s. But Demos- 
thenes himself* shows us that he was associated in that capacity 
with Theo<1orus and Aristodemus. Theodoi'us was the most cele- 
brated actor of his times.' Aristodemus was only leas celebrated 
than TheodoruB, and esteemed it an honor to take the second role 
with him. It was a distinction conferred upon Aesehines that 
these two illusti'ious actors should associate him with themselves 
as Tpirayuii'HrTifs. To play the role of Creon in Sophocles' Anti- 
gone to the satisfaction of these two great associates must 
have reqnired t-alents not at all contemptible. Had Aesehines 
remained on the stage he might not always have remained a 
TptraywvKmjs any more than he remained a inraypajifuxTiw- His 
fine form and that voice which so excited Demosthenes' envy ° were 

gaid to have ioheriled more than five 
talents from him. 

1 Of. II. 15a. 

^ See on § 109. 8. 

'See on §5 133 ■"•. 'SS''". 

* C/. Dem. XIX. 146. 

= Cf. Paus. i. 37. 3. 

" Cf. Dem. SIX. 337-340, ia6, 199, 
206, 208,209, 216,336; xviii. 127, 132, 
259, 2S0, 285, 291, 309, 313. See OD 
§ 228. 3, 



a capital out of which he was clever enough to profit largely, even 
if he had no enthusiasm for the actor's art, as Schafer (I. p. 225) 

There was a somewhat widespread tradition that Aeschines' re- 
tirement from the stage was caused by a most mortifying failure. 
This failure is described quite fullj^ in the Vita Anon, 11 f., and 
Demochares, Demosthenes' nephew, is named as authority for the 
story. According to this account Aeschines, while acting the title- 
role in Sophocles' Oenomaus, in chasing Pelops across the stage, 
fell, and had to be lifted by the chorus-master.^ It is not improb- 
able that we have here the details of the event twice alluded 
to by Demosthenes.^ That he simply alludes to it as something 
too well-known to need describing, instead of revelling in the 
details, makes him, in this matter, a credible witness. But that 
he appears to know nothing of it in xix. makes it a little doubt- 
ful. There the case is bad enough for Aeschines ; the audience 
is represented as not only hissing him off the stage, but as com- 
ing almost to the point of stoning him ; ^ but not a word is said 
about Oenomaus. In xviii. 262, where Demosthenes represents 
Aeschines as acting in company with two second rate actors at 
imminent peril to his life, under a shower of figs, olives, and other 
missiles, it is clear that we are in the realm of fiction.* 

Political Career of Aeschines. 

10. The fall of Olynthus, 348 B.C., brought Aeschines from 
his clerkship into public life.* For a few months after that event 

1 Such a fall would leave of a Greek 
actor little but a wreck to be picked 
up and carried off piecemeal. See 
Transact, of Am. Phil. Assn. for 1885, 
p. 52. 

2 Cf. Dem. XVIII. 180, 242. 
^ Cf. Dem. XIX. 337. 

* A list of the passages in which 
the acting of Aeschines is ridiculed 
is Dem. xix. 200, 245, 246 ff., 337; 
XVIII. 129, 139, 180, 209, 242, 262, 265, 
267, 313. 

^ The only reason for supposing 
that Aeschines had made his debut as 
a public speaker before this date is the 
unlikelihood that Eubulus would have 
trusted him to present an important 
case to the assembly, or could have 
secured his appointment on an im- 
portant embassy, without his having 
already achieved some sort of distinc- 
tion. But it may be said that Eubu- 
lus knew his man, and that the im- 
pression which Aeschines made with 


there was no peaee-partj ut Atheaa. Eubuhis was frightened ont 
of his lethargy, and, to avoid an irretrievahle fall, accommodated 
himself to the cLanged tone or public opiiiiou, putting forwwd hia 
prot^g^, Aeschiues, as his moutli-piece. The latter then uttured 
a epeecli before the assembly, full of the most fiery indignation 
agaiDSt Philip, and of the glorious past of Athens. Demosthenes 
may well have felt indignation on Bceiog him come forward and try 
to steal away bis i-ole, talking as if Philip's encroachments were a 
discovery of bis own.' The spce-cli was a preamble to a proposal 
not to take the field with all the male population, but to send am- 
bassadors all over the Hellenic world to secure a general combina- 
tion against Philip. Aesohioes himself undertook the nkisaiou to 
Arcadia.' But the Ten Thouaaud of Megalopolis, who a few 
years before had been snubbed by the Athenians, against the 
advice of Demosthenes,' in their request for help agaiust tlie en- 
croachraenta of Sparta, lent a deaf ear to his arguments. Hia 
was not that noble nature which pursues a high calling once 
assumed, in the teeth of ditliculties. His ardor soon cooled, and 
he entered with a will into tbe peace negotiations with Philip, 
whicb in 3i6 B.C., by a sudden revulsion of feeling, absorbed the 
interest of the Athenians. Tbe unfavorable answers which were 
returned to their appeals took away all thoughts of war from that 
degenerate generation, and a tide arose settiug toward peace, 
whieh swept Aeacbiues and his eurrouudioga, and even Demos- 
thenes along with It. That Demosthenes* should make Aescbi- 
nea' sudden change a proof that he was bought by Philip,' tends 
somewhat to discredit the other phases of the same charge so 
frequent in Demosthenes. Least of all did it behoove Demos- 
thenes to make such a charge, who had undei^one precisely the 
same change at the same lime. 


lirien speech was bo favorable eluded other Pelopi 

thai he was naturally t 
ambasBBdor. Tbe fact that Demos- 
^leoeB mentions no earlier appear- 
anee is more weighty than anj such 
a pyieri conBiderations. 

' Qf.'Dem.xix. 10,302 ff., .ill. 

^ It appears from 11. 79 that he iii- 

the sphere of his opcratioi 

» Of. Dein. XVI. 

* Of. SIX. 9, 300 ff. 

s Aeathinea makes in 11. 164 a 
perfcetiy valid defence against this 
charge by referring tn the altered re- 
lations in which Athens had found 


11. The year 346 B.C. was tbe great year of Aescliinea' political 
life. Now he emergea ioto real importance, and becomes a prin- 
cipal actor in one of the most moumfal chapters of Atbeuiao 
hiatorv. By hia actioua in connection witli the negotiations of the 
Peace of Pbilocratea lie stands or falls. Unfortunately the two 
rival orators, who from tliia time forth are inseparably joined, for 
a brief period in friendship, and then in deadly combat, bave done 
their best in two pairs ot orations ' to befog our judgment aa to 
their own and each other's motives and even actions in connection 
with these negotiations. It is to be regretted that these orations 
are our sole authority for this period. Had we a Tbucydides for 
it, or bad fortune granted us the aurvival even of the work of 
Theopompus, in place of the superficial work of Diodorua Sicnlua, 
we might have bad clear light where wo now grope in darkness.^ 

This peace was not only a turning-point in Athenian history, 
but alao a natural climax to the events of tbe preceding thirteen 

12. When Philip ascended the throne of Macedon, in 359 B.C., 
Athens was a state whose race was run. Some, like Demostlienes, 
refused to believe it, bat that did not alter the fact. The Pelo- 
ponnesian War bad not entirely crushed the life out of ber. Witr 
nesB the successful resistance to Sparta in the following century 
and the Second Athenian confederacy.' But a degeneration of 
Athenian life had come about. The death of Pericles marks an 
epoch. Had another Pericles immediately succeeded him ' to 
warn, to comfort, and command,' it is doubtful whether even be 
could bave checked the evil. But more than three -luarters of a 
century elapsed before another master-spirit appeared, and when 
he came it waa too late. Spasmodic activity Demoatheoes did 
produce, and be began to hope that he had called the old glorious 
Athena again to life. But what galvanism can call back the 
dead ? 

heraelf to various states in qnii^k sue- pains to reconetract liiiB period of 

ceBBion. Greek history, and deserve tbe thanks 

' Aesch. 11. ; iii. Dem. xix. ; imi. and constant attention of the student 

' GrotB (Hitt. of Greece, XI. C. 8S) who would arrive at satisfactory judg- 

and Schftfer (Demoilhenes and seine mtnts concerning it. 

Zeit II. pp, 165-305) have been at great * See on | 24J. 8. 


The citizens no longer regarded it aa a part of tlieir duty to 
in the Lour of need. They bad found a. more 
exceSlent waj, and mercenaries poorly paid' by the state, or not 
paid at all, did the fighting, wliile the citizens devoted themselves 
to the festivals " and law-suits. The system of trierarchiea ' was 
bad enough when patriotism stiU held sway. A generous and 
wealthy man was not always the best commander of a ship of 
war. But when it came to be a main object of a citizen's ambi- 
tion to thrust the furuisliing of a ship upon another citizen,* even 
the Davj-, , which had been Atbena' pride and glory, was affected 
with dry rot. 

13. Philip was a strong king of a vigorous people. Hia first 
year of sovereignty was not all speut in the arduous task of making 
his throne seeiire. lie also pushed back the barbarians pressing 
him on the north, and eiidea\'ored to secure a sea-coast. In this 
last undertaking he came in collision with Athens. Ainpbipolis 
was the point of contact. The war terminated by the Peace of 
Philocrates was called by the Athenians the War for Aniphipolis," 
its object being to take vengeance on Philip for seizing that an- 
cient possession of Alliens hy treachery, 357 B.C. The war begun 
with this high aim dropped to the ludicrously low plane of an 
inadequately conducted defensive one," not wholly by Athens' 
fault, unless under that term we include an evil iiiheriUince. 
Coincident with the beginning of that war, possibly as a result of 
Philip's manipulation, the Second Athenian confederacy fell apart 
like a rope of sand, and, by an attempt to coerce tiie malcontents 
in the Social War, Athens was brought, in less than two years, 
to the verge of ruin.' 

14, The whole Hellenic world now saw the weakness and inca- 
pacity of Athens. It was patent to all that the vigor, wealth, 
patriotism, and altruism which had once warranted her preten- 
sions to Hellenic hegemony were gone. But were hei' own eyes 
opened? It is a very difScult thing for a people with a great past, 

1 Cf. Dem. IV. 24. 

a Cf. Bern. it. 35. 

" See Bockh, Public . 

Atheniant, Booh: IT., ci 

* Cf. Dein. rv. 36. 

= Cf. § 54- 7. 

« C/ii.70ff.; Dera.1v.43. 

' Cf. lootr. VIII. 9 gl paisiiK. 




when brought down by its own fault or by others' power, to adapt 
itself to the altered condition of things, imd tix upon a consistent 
line of policy. Witness the faae of Ffiiuce. Generally such 
peoples vacillate between the desire for war and the desire for 
peace ; between resignation or despau- and a boastful and fantastic 
struggle for glory and power. So was it with Athens.^ 

The war was prosecuted with vigorous docrees and ridiculously 
inadequate armaments.^ Even in the seventh year Demosthenes 
hesitates to propose tiie modest beginning of a standing army of 
2200 men, of whom 550 shall be Athenian citizens.^ 

15. A war conducted in this way against such an antagonist 
forced Athens at last to face the question whether peace at any 
price was not her true policy. Barring obligation to allies, this 
policy did not seem to admit of question, uoleas a radical change 
in Athenian life might be looked for. But to what allies had 
she proved faithful? Olynthna had just had a sad experience of 
her lax support. But she had not yet descended to the lowest 
round on the ladder of shame. To one alliance she had remained 
faithful, the one made with the leaders of the Phocian mercenaries, 
the spoilers of the temple of Delphi, the antagonists of the The- 
bans in the Sacred War. Aeschines* and even Demosthenes' 
regarded these as allies of somewhat unsavory reputation, Demos- 
thenes indicating that this was the general feeling at Athens. 
Yet when Philip, in 352 B.C., practically annihilated the Pbocian 
army in Thcssaly, and advanced on Thermopylae, the Athenians 
sent out a force and checked him. His waiting may have been 
partly due to other causes, bnt the Athenian orators, with whom 
this is a stock subject of boasting, ascribe it all to Athenian valor.' 

The gravest question in the peace negotiations was whether the 
Athenians would now leave these allies also in the Inrch. Here 
Aeachines played his first great political role. 

1 For this churncterizatian npplied 

fl'p^^JV irpjTTJ,, 

to Athens at a still earlier date, =/, 

S™ iyafli ifil^ «« 

Andoc. m. 35, tfifTi repl ftir tbi- ItqI- 

» Cf. Dem. IV 

^ar Oftlv hro-ot-;^ tUttaTt <ul Suffxep"!" 

^ibhl. 21. 

nii', t4 8' oSk Svto KnyoraitTt is ^iTt.i' 


iiur irai/ia- air /liv ToXf^i.?!- Jt'ti, t^s 

' Of. Dem. sv 



16. We have seen how suddenly and strongly the current set 
towards peace, when the other Greeks failed to respond with alac- 
rity to Athens' invitation. After some attempts to save dignity, 
Athens yielded to olmoiis necessity, and sent ten ambassadoi's to 
Philip to sQe for peace. Philocrates, the mover of the nieaaure, 
Demostlienes, and Aeschinea, were of the number. Aeschincs was 
not so prominent as the other two in the preliminaries to the em- 
bassy, Imt there is no doubt that they all acted with substantial 
unanimity to its very end, when they were crowned on tte motion 
of Demosthenes, who happened to be a member of the Senate.^ 
Some silly hopes that Athenian diplomacy would secure from 
the rude barbarian what could not be won by arms were rudely 
dashed to the ground. Thilip roundly declared, with an elo- 
quence born largely from the consciousness of being master of the 
situation,' that he would make peace only on the basis of pres- 
ent possession. He was condesceudiiig enough to devote special 
attention to Aeschiues' ridiculous attempt in exlenso to argue him 
out of AmpUipolis. ,Vanity wasAes chines' weak point. Philip 
probably saw this, and was quick to win him with flattery. We 
may be sure that no money was required to make Aeschiues from 
this time forth behold the sal\'!itiou of Athens in the closest '. 
union with Philip. The latter, however, left no douht in the 
minds of the amhassadovB about his intention not to give up 
Amphipolis.^ Ue would hear nothing of the Athenians making 
nn ally of Cersolileptes, simply to save him from the conquest 
which he had projected, and waa on the point of carrying out. 
It is not at all likely that he entertained any suggestion of tj'ing 
his own hands iu regard to his old enemies, the Phocians. He 
arranged to send well-instructed plenipotentiaries to Athens to 
make the definite stipulations, agreeing in the mean time to refrain 
from attacking the Athenian possessions iu the Chersonese on his 
Thracian expedition. This was the only substantial concessioD 
gained. Besides this, Philip was profuse in professions of good 


thenes) U», 

'Afl^raf* Ti/iii »/kwp'tm 

Cf. u. 51. 

moJ (rT.^»o 

I lataKuKvlas 'AftiraJoi! 

Cf. nem. VI. 

7. PhllMtr. Til. 


A. ii. I, 14, Hi 

Er^ot (i".e. Oemos- 



will to Athens, mhicb, whether the ambassadors believed them 
or not, souaded very charming, when reported at Athens, and 
fiirnislied ii pretest for the silly represeutatiou to the sovereign 
DemuB that it was Philip rather than Athena who desired jieace.' 

17. In due time Philip's plenipotentiaries arrived, autl on two 
eventful days, the ISth and 19tli of Elaphebolion, the latter being 
the day of final decision, the terms of peace were agreed upon 
before the assembly.' The problem for the Athenian leaders, now 
practically unanimous except a few irreconcilables, of whom He- 
geaippus appears to have been the leader.^ ^as how f-" pprmrail n 
the people, withjlieir_exalted notions of the superiority of Athens, 
to accept terms which were practically those dictated by a con- 
queror. Antipater, the head of the Macedonian embassy,* appeared 
in the assembly, and spoke in no doubtful teims.' 

The bitter pill had to be covered with a sugar coating. Am- 
phipolis was not mentioned, in the terms which were drawn np by 
Philocrates and laid before the people. Its surrender was hidden 
under the glittering generality, 'Each party shall keep what it 
has.'" It was also stipulated that the treaty should include the 
allies of Athens, but no list of such allies waa given.' A clanse 
expressly exduding Phocis in the instrument as drawn by Philo- 
crates excited so much opposition that it was expunged,' but no 
doubt of the Macedonian understanding on that point ought to 
hnve been left in the mind of any iotelligeut Athenian, But the 
Atucedonian ambassadors were there with their terms. It was 
now or never. There was no time to wait for an ambassador from 
Cersobleptcs to take part in the oath, nor to wait for the final 
answers of the dilatory Greeks who had been invited to a grand 
cumpaign against Philip. 

Least of all was it the time to make great sacrifices for the 
Phocian mercenaries. Their leader, Phalaecus, had just sent 
home with a rebuff the Athenian general Proxeuns, who had been 

1 Tor this fletion still kept up three 
jeata later, e/ Dem. xix. i6o. 
* Qfi g§ 69 ff. 

» See Sehttfer, Demoslh. und seine 
Zeil, II. p. 200. 

* Cf- § 72. 

6 Cf. Dem. XIX, 321 f, 
' Cf. [Dem.] Til. 26. 
' Cf. Dem. XIX. 159,278, 
» C/.'Dom.xn. 159. 



despatched to co-operate with Mm,^ a circumstance which gave 
rise to a not unreasouable suspicion that he bod come to an under- 
standing with Philip. Aeschiues was doubtless willing to support 
Philocrates in expressly excluding the Phociana. 

A rather rirliculoualy wide-reaching proposal (said to have origi- 
nated with the delegates of the Athenian Confederacy), that it 
should be allowed au_v Greeli state whatever to enter upon the 
privileges of this peace by subaeribing to it within three months, 
appears not to have been much talked of after the first day, when 
the temper of the Macedonian envoys became understood.' Aeschi- 
ues is rather proud of having checked on that day a good deal of 
spread-eagle talk tliat began to prevail about Salamis and the 
graves of ancestors. His speech on that occasion, reproduced iu 
summary in ii, 75-77 (f/. Dem. xix. 15) does him credit aa a 
sensilile man thoroughly convinced of the wealineBs of Athens. 

18. Demosthenes appears to have thouglit it best to concur in 
the terms," with a gi'eat hope, however, in spite of former. failures, 
of still getting the better of Phihp, iu further negotiations, iu regard 
to both the Phocians and Ceraobleptea. Wheu he joined hia former 
comrades in a second embassy to Philip, he alone thought of not 
allowing Philip to ratify the peace in the Macedonian senae,^ 
Meeting naturally with a bitter iJieappointment in tliis matter, he 
fell out with his fellow-ambassadors, who were cold towards his 
sclieme. Here began the feud with Acschinea which was ended 
by the famous suit for the Crown. 

After a long delay, which Demosthenes calls criminal, in reaching 
Philip, the ambassadors administered the oath to him at Pella,' hia 
capital, with the express understanding that the Phociaus and Cerso- 
bleptes were not included in tlie pence. In order to keep things in 
an unsettled state, apparently, the Thessaliane were kept by Philip 
from taking their oath as his allies, until he, at the head of his forces, 

> Of. 11. 134. 

» Of- IS 69-73- 

' This doei Dot necessitate accept- 
ing the representation of Aesi^hines, 
IS Tl S.; II. 84, nhich mnkea Ileinoa- 
thenes responsible for all the haste. 

' The Athenians ratified the peace 
five dajs after the terms were agreed 
upon. The object of the second cm- 
hassy was to secure Philip's oath of 

' Cf. Dem. XVIII. 32. 


was well on his way to Thermopjlffi,' The rage of Demostbenes at 
this delay anil tliia yieldiug everything to Philip knew no bounds.' 
There is, to be eure, no sign that Demosthcncu had any device for 
tying Philip's hands, even if the ambassadors had reached liim in 
tlie midst of his Tliracian campaign, in case Philip refused to let 
them be tied. They appear not to have been empowered in that 
case to break oS the negotiations, though the language in Dem. 
xvTii. 30 is ^tfi'amed as to convey that impression.' Of course 
Demosthenes' nucorroborated atatementa in xvni. establish nothing. 
Even ten years earlier, he had the effrontery to say that when Philip 
took these Thracian towns lie had already sworn to the peace.* 

So far then Aeschiues appears to have done about all that 
1 one could expect from him. There is something absurd on the 
I face of the aupposition that, of ten representative Athenians, nine 
I were bought by a foreign king without dilfleulty. But just here 
I begins Aeschines' separate aud important role. We do not know 
I juat what Philip said to liim about the Phociana ; but it is clear 
that Aeschines undertook to lull the At'ienian conscience on that 
I point. This charge forma the gravamen of Dem. xix,, is referred 
I to in all Demoathcues' orations of that period, and is expressed in 
the most pointed form in xvik. 33, 35. Aesdiines gave out that 
he had an inside view of Philip's real intentions, which were favor- 
able to the Phociana. If Athens offered no obstacle to his passing 
Thermopylae, be would throw off the mask, and break with his 
burdensome allies the Thclians,* and. in the end do some great 
tiling for Athene, of which it was better not to talk now. _jAe6- 
chiues appears to have felt that he could do Athens no greater 

1 ty Dem. III. 158. 

^ Demnstlienes aescrtB tliat, seeing 
' Aescliines and all tlie olhcr ambaa- 
Mdani pracliaing treason, he tried to 
return separatelj and immediately 
to Athena (sis. 51, 323), and was 
hindered by Piiilip. But the atory 
hardly eompela belief ; if itwero true, 
it would show that Philip despised 
ei tiler Athens or Demosthenes. 

' iviii, 26, Saa T^s tiJAjibi rpoXdSot 

TBUTB flsflafuji Uny, eonveya a jusier 
idea of ilie lemper of the Alheiiians 
in regard to I'hi lip's coiiqiiesta in 
Tbraee aaa ground for breaking off 
the negotiations. 

* Of- Dem. n. 15, clfyfiiniii ylip hiia 

s Sep II. 136. Aesehines, without 
admitting hj» ghnre in creating sueh 
an expectation, asserts that it wai 
widespread at Athens. 




service than_to iudu.ce. Philip to liumble Thebea.' He pcrliaps 
tliotight tliat he had labored with him suecessrully on that point. 
To be Bure, he appeals to the talk of Phibp's eourtiers ratUer than 
of Philip himself.' The situation, however, soon became so clear 
that Aesehinea' csplauationa ceased. Philip iu those days pro- 
ceeded rapidly. In seven days after the ambassadors had made 
tlieir report in Athens, he was already witliin Thermopylae and 
master of the situation. The mercenai'ies had capitulated with the 
honors of war. Destruction soon fell on the FhocUn people, who 
liad had little share in the plunder of Delphi aud'in the Sacred 
War. Their cities were rutlilessly destroyed, and terrible suffering 
ensued.'^ Philip had invited the Athenians, as his sworn allies, to 
send a contingent to co-operate with him in aetding the Pbocian 
affair ; but now, cither too late or too early, they took fright, and 
gave ear to the an ti- Macedonian party headed by Hegesippus, with 
whom Demosthenes was now in full sympathy. They refused the 
co-operation on the gronnd that Philip intended to hold the Athe- 
nian contingent as hostages. This exhibition of distrust' practi- 
cally annulled the pence of about ten days' standing, which had 
expressly included an alliance. Athens was truly unfortunate: 
having found Philip an enemy with whom she could not cope, she 
was now led to treat him as an ally whom she could not trust. 

20. Acschines' ohtuaeness to nice points of political morality is 
shown by the fact that he nowhere in his published speeches, 
going over these events, expresse3~buriirng._iudigna!JiiiLa£^8t ' 
ITiilip for having deceiye_d liim.° He chooses rather to throw the' 
blame on those who broke the good nnderstanding with Philip, and 
forced him to throw himself into the arms of the Thebaus after - 
all." Nay, he even has the hardihood to excuse himself for parti- 
cipation in the jubilee which Philip held at Delphi over the ruin of 
Phocia, on the ground that Athens was still unharmed.' If every 
other Athenian could justify snch participation, Aescliines could 
not. His conduct becomes explicable, although not defensible, 

1 C/ll. 119. ' Sef on g So. 3. 



when we consider that bis contempt for the Fhocians waa ex- 
ceeded only by his hatred for Thebes. 

But the sensibilities of the Athenians, quickened by a feeling 
of danger which showed itself in the axtuayioyui, were not so dull 
as tliose of Aescbines. Bitter reproaohes fell on him and his fel- 
low-ambassadors.' Demosthenes, the one man who had protested 
against their conduct, rose to power at a single bound. Fhilip wus 
too absolutely master of the situation for any open hostility. But 
Demosthenes Dever lost sight of the goal at which he had aimed 
from the beginning. The peace, even if it had been made accord- 
ing to his highest hopes, would have been to him but an armistice 
to gain time and gather sti'ength by new combinations for the final 

21. The first measure of the newly established majority was to 
drive its opponents from public life. Philocratcs succumbed to 
an indictment by Hyperides and went iuto voluntary exile. The 
evidences of his SuipoSoKui were too palpable to allow any doubt of 
the issue of a trial. Aeschinea, however, fought a good fight in 
his own defence. Indicted almost immediately after the peace by 
TimarchuB, a tool of Demosthenes, he demolished him by a counter- 
attack on the score of a disrepntable life. The speech spoken by 
Aeschines on that trial, though wallowing in fllth, followed lines 
dictated by the nature of the case, and was well calculated to win 
the verdict. After Philocratea- had been successfully attacked, 
Demosthenes brought in 343 b.c. his suit against Aeschines for 
malversation on the second embassy. Aeschines met this attack 
like a man, and secured his acquittal by a narrow mai^in,' through 
bis most esceilent defence and by the intercession of Eubulna and 
Phocion. Considering that the peace-party was at this time in a 
decided minority, this acquittal has great significance. ° An aver- 
age body of SOO or 1000 Athenians refused to be convinced of 
the treachery or venality of a man [gainst whom public feeling 
ran high. 

^ See on § So, 6. bj ira7 of allasion only, in the orti- 

^ Ace. to Plut.ileni. 15, thirty rotes. tioiia ontlieCronn, to this earlier suit 

' It is strange that neitlier orator Tliia silence early led to the suepi- 

relers eKplicitly, anJ DemoalhciieB cion that the case never came to trial. 


22. How Demosthenes led Athens hy carefal steps to faoe again 
the war with Philip in 340 u.o. ia odc of the most intereating 
fltorieB in Greek history, but we are coucerued with Aeschinea. 
Though he had secured liis acquittal, he appears to havu thought 
it folly to attempt any political role against Demosthenes. He 
subsided,^ but not iuto absolute silence, for he attaeked Demos- 
thenes' trierarchic law when the tatter was at the height of his 

At length Ue emerged into prominence as a delegate to the 
spring-meeting of the Amphietyona at Delphi, 339 b.c. How he 
came to be elected, when Demosthenes was so influential, is a 
riddle. In 343 n.c., juat before his trial, he had been appointed a 
special commissioner to the same gathering to plead the cause of 
Athens in the suit between Athena and Deloa for the jurisdiction 
over the sanctuary at Delos. lint here the patriotic party rose 
and secured a vote of the Council of Areopagus rejecting him and 
substituting Hyperides.* Aeschiues may haye been looked upon 
as a sort of authority in Amphictyonic procedure. But Demos- 
theoea would not be likely to trust him any more in 339 than in 
343. The fact that Midias also, the old enemy of Demosthenes, 
was a delegate looks more like a tcmporaiy reverse for the latter 
than anythiug else.* 

Once more Aeachines essayed a i-ole of the lirst magnitude. His 
own story of the affair, §§ 106-136. is the finest part of the present 
oration. It is a narrative explicit and full, but it marches, and 
carries the reader along. The motives and consequences of his 
netion are there so well described that only a brief notice of the 
affair need be given here. The war with Philip, begun the year 
before, had opened gloriously for Athens. Her troops, led by 
Phocion, but sent out on Demosthenes' motion, carae to the rescue 
of Byzantium, which was besieged by Philip, and forced him to 

Of. Plut. ;. c. But the mutaal silence * Cf. Hem. xyni. 134. 

may be explained by Ihe fact that * This explanation, which is sng- 

DemoBthenes BufTereil a defeat, and gested by Dem. iviii. 308, ia certainly 

AeschineB barely escaped conric- more plausible than the explanation 

lion. ibid. 149, tliat there were ouly three or 

' (7/^ § 216 fin. four persona concerned in Aescbines' 

3 Sec on S 212. election. 



raise the siege. His attention was tlien immediately demanded by 
a campaign ngninst tlie ScytbiaoB, which drew him as far north 
as the moiLtb of the Danube. During this absence occurred the 
disturbance at Delphi which brouglit liim into Greece, and intro- 
duced the closing act in Athenian hiittory. The delegates of 
Amphissa, acting in the interest of Thebes, chained Athena with 
impiety. Aeschincs made a, counter-attack on AmphisEa, which 
swept the couQcil. After some immediate but inadequate meas- 
cres, a special meeting was voted to conaider the defiuitive pun- 
ishment of Amphissa. Athens and Tbebes refrained from send- 
iug delegates, ami so drifted into a war against the rest of the 
Amphictyous, among whom Philip, after acquiring Phocis' place 
in 346 B.C., was the most important. 

Demosthenes' charge is simple, as in the case of the embassy, 
viz., Philip hired Aeschines to create a disturbance at this meet- 
ing,' But bribery, or even collusion with Philip, is far less likely 
here than in the former case. Philip was far away, and could not 
have known long beforehand that Aeschines was to be a dele- 
gate. Indeed the election may well have surprised Aescliines him- 
self. Furthennore, Philip can hardly have desired a disturbance 
in the Amphictyonic league, which was already subservient to him. 
Possibly Thebes did not wholly enjoy his overshadowing pi'ox- 
imity, but as yet there was no note of discord between him 
and his old friends. It was simply a question of time when be 
would adjust his other difficulties and appear, with the united Am- 
phictyous at bis hack, on the borders of Attica. One might sup- 
pose him willing rather to pay something not to have a disturbance 
raised. Indeed it is not at all incredible that he subsidized the 
Amphissiana to bring the charge against Athens, tliat he might 
have a pretext for leading his Amphictyonic hosts against her. 
It is possible that Aeschines unknowingly cut into a train of cir- 
cumstances quietly laid by Philip. With the attack on Amphissa 
Thebes' course was in a measure pointed out for her ; from that 
moment it was likely, in case Philip stood by the decree of the 
Amphictyons, that Thebes and Athena would ultimately be driven 

' Cf. Dem. X 

I. 149, luoBaura 


to act together. When they both refused to send delegates to the 
special meeting, it was almost a certainty. Well may Thebes, 
indeed, have hesitated to break finally with the mighty conqueror, 
and cast in her lot with Athens ; well may it have required all 
the eloquence of Demosthenes to seal the bond. But it was the 
act of Aeschines, though he had no thought of bringing about 
an alliance with the hated neighbor, that pushed her forward. 
Aeschines is right in one thing : the logic of the situation was 
more cogent than the logic of Demosthenes.^ But neither does 
he lay claim to credit, nor does Demosthenes think of giving 
him credit, for creating the situation. Demosthenes, intent on 
getting in a blow at Aeschines, lacks the judicial temper to 
say what he may well have known, even if Aeschines' more 
obtuse mind failed to recognize it : ' That act of yours at 
Delphi, with no good intent on your part, was a real godsend 
to Athens; it threw Thebes into our arms, and made it possi- 
ble for us to wage an equal contest with Philip at Chaeronea.' 
Unfortunately the usual charge of bribery is more to Demosthenes' 

The Suit for the Crown. 

23. The battle of Chaeronea was suflSciently decisive. Philip, 
who for some time had had a Persian campaign in mind, now 
turned his attention to it in earnest. But it was a sine qua non of 
this expedition that Athens should be either crushed or conciliated. 
Philip chose the latter course, and made peace with her on very 
easy terms. When he had withdrawn from Greece, the Athenians 
began to think of a thorough repair of their walls. Demos- 
thenes, who still retained their confidence, introduced a bill in 
June, 337, proposing that this work be apportioned among the 
ten tribes, under the management of ten tribal commissioners 
(rcixoToiot) . Three or four days afterwards the commissioners 
were appointed, and Demosthenes was chosen by his own tribe 

^ cf- § 137. '- cy. §§ 27, 31. 




In order to do his part well, he gave, it was claimed, from his 
own money 100 minae,^ more than $1500 (really equivalent to a 
gift of $10,000 or $15,000 to-day) .^ 

Ctesiphon, one of Demosthenes' party-associates, a man of little 
note, seizing upon this circumstance, brought a bill in the spring of 
336, shortly before the close of Demosthenes' term of office, to con- 
fer upon him for his continued services to the state a golden crown, 
to be proclaimed in tlie theatre at the approaching Great Dionysi&.* 
The proposal passed the Senate without difficulty, and would prob- 
ably haVe passed the Assembly with equal ease, had not Aeschines 
raised an objection, accompanied by a declaration (vwo/ioo-ta) of his 
intention to bring before the proper court an indictment against the 
mover of the bill, which he declared illegal on three grounds : > — 

1. Demosthenes was not worthy of the distinction. 

2. His account had not yet been submitted for examination. 

3. The law forbade that a crown conferred by the people should 
be proclaimed in the theatre.* 

The punishment proposed was a fine, the amount of which we 
do not know. This was a matter of no interest to those who 
described the trial. Demosthenes and not Ctesiphon was felt by 
all to be the real defendant.* 

The motives which prompted Aeschines were probably more 
than a mere desire to prevent his old enem}' from receiving an 
honor. The crown was probably proposed as a political demon- 
stration. It might be construed as a blow, almost a conditional 
declaration of war, against Philip. Its effect, if not its intent, 
would be to make him hesitate about his Persian campaign. It 

' Of. § 17. 

2 It has been inferred from Dem. 

XVIII. 113 that he gave another gift to 

the city in this same year, as manager 

of the Theoric Fund, but this is quite 


* This explains Ctesiphon's haste. 
No such opportunity would occur for 
another year, and by that time the 
feeling of gratitude for the donation 
would have lost its warmth. 

^ On the trial Aeschines appears to 

have allowed the counts to stand in 
this order, while, in his plea, he re- 
served 1. for the last place. This 
neglect allowed Demosthenes to say 
(xvill. 56) T^v awT^v rovT(f vonjadfieyos 
rS>u yeypa/JLfievcov rd^ip vcpl vdvTcov ipw, 
in the face of the elaborate attempt 
(§§ 206 ff.) to make him follow the or- 
der of the plaintiff. The compiler of the 
document, Dem. xviii. 54 f., was fol- 
lowing, probably, a correct tradition. 
^ See on § 210. 


was, then, as a partisan of Philip that Aeschines interposed. 
Tlie illegality of the proposal probably interested liim very little, 
and his posing throughout the oration as a champion of the consti- 
tution has something hollow an<l unattractive about it. The fact 
that C'tesiphon is only the nominal defendant gives an uofortonate 
aspect of iu directness to the case. 

Aeschines must have known that hia chances for victory were not 
giwd. lie knew the favor iu which Bemosthenes stood, unshaken 
I\v Chaeronea ; he knew also Demostlienes' superior power as an 
orator, and tijat he could make an attack on himself seem like an at- 
tack ou the Athenian people ; Ue oiigb't to have known the Athenian 
people well enough to be sure that they would never, by condemning 
DemostbeneB, declare that he bad led them in blind submission over 
a way of fiis own. Perhaps he did not even hope for a victory. 
rfliB oration at any rate does not bear ou its face the assurance of 
victory which beams from every partpf Demosthenes' oration. But 
for the present he gained his point by the Mr<u/«w«i. This must 
necessarily delay the crowning until the case had been brought 
into court and settled, probably until after the Great Dionysia, 
and then perhaps the friends of Demosthenes would not think it 
worth while to press their proposal, at least not for another year. 

24. The case was not brought to trial for more than si.\ years. 
Why was this, and who brought it up after this long postpone- 
ment? Neither orator has a word to say on either of these points. 
If either could have blamed the other for this delay, with any 
effect, he would have been sure to do so. Aeschines had no 
reason to push the trial ; as the game stood he had won hia point ; 
if he forced the issue, he might well espect a reversal of the situa- 
tion. Demosthenes perhaps did not care for the demonstration iu 
his favor after the death of Philip, which followed close upon the 
preliminaries of the case.' After that, came great hopes soou 
blasted, spasmodic labors, care upon care, which hardly allowed 
him to think of the case. The gigantic strides of Alexander 
across Asia made all that was done in Greece seem petty. How 
petty then a suit for a crown I 

' In August, S^Ml. Sut on g atg. 4. 



In 330 Aeschinea had less reason than ever for opeoiog the case. 
Victory was, if anything, less likely than in 33C. Even the un- 
fortunate issue of Agis' revolution ' did not shake Demostbenee' 
liold on [jopular favor.' But the occasion for the trial must be 
sought some mouths bacJt of its actual occurrence in August, 330.° 
Such proceedings at Athens alwaya took time. A few months 
earlier the situation was big with hopes for the party of Greek 
independence. Alexander was almost beyond the limits of the 
babitable world : * in spite of his great cooquests, he might come 
to grief like the great Cynis. 

The revolution of Agis then looked formidable: SpartanB. in 
the field were expected to do something. Athens, to be sure, took 
no part in this affair,'' but was filled with the liveliest sympatliy. 
Demosthenes was in close correspondence with the rebel leaders, 
hut Chaeronea hod made him cautions, in this case too cautious, 
if the revolution was to swell like a rising tide. His sympathies, 
however, were well enough known. Antipatcr, indeed, sliortly 
afterwards demanded his presence for trial at the approaching 
Pytliia. as a disturber of the peace.' The reopening of the case by 
Hie friends of Demosthenes at this tiine was a |)erfectly motived 
political demonstration : it would show the Spartans the drift 
of public opinion at Athens, and give them at least something to 
liope for. 

As a Trpo^ovXtvim was null after the year of its passage,' the 
first step in reopening the case was probably a renewal of Ctesi- 
phon's motion before the /3otA^. A very natural time for this 
wonld be at the beginning of the official year in Ilecatombaeon, 
nearly two months before the date of the trial. Both speeches 
assume that the crowning will take place if Ctesiphon is acquitted." 

■Sfeon§ 133.8 

' Cf. 5 165. 

* The prosecution of Leocrates by 
I.jcurgug, which precedt's the trial of 
Ctesiphon hy only a month or two 
(''/■ I 252), shows that the patriots 

t Atlifi 

•Sre on§ 161. 7. 

' See Schoirann, Antiq. of Greect, 
I. p. 376. 

' Of. 55 153 ff-. 259; Dem. ivm. 
S5, 266. Blasa (_AII. Beredtamkeit, III. 
I. p. 305) thinks there wns no renewal 
of the motion, liut that it was well 
unflerslood that it would be renewed 
If the way to it was cleared by an ac- 


This rCDewal was a challcDge to AeschineB which he would have 
to accept, or suffer a penalty as great as that for the failure to 
secui'e oue-!ifth of tlie votes of the jmy.' One thing was changed 
in his favor iu the few weeks preceding tlie trial : Macedonian arms 
had ^aiu become supreme in Greece. Tbe Athenians had, indeed, 
already refused to allow Demosthenes to obey Antipater's summons 
to Delphi ; bat would they now dare to add to Ihat answer the 
crowning? The situation appealed to their fears, but the caution 
with wbicb Aescinnes uses this motive ' testifies that they had not 
become altogether abject. 
/ 25. The trial escitetl more interest than any other ever con-A 
ducted in an Athenian court. The court room was thronged with ' 
citizens and strangers.^ The two greatest living orators were>- 
cntering on a battle long ago annouucod. For Aeschincs it waa \ 
a last proud moment before he sank forever. A party-leader \ 
he had never been, though his vnnity had several times led him I 
to essay a controlling part. Th? mantle of Eubulus descended / 
not to him, but to Demades and PLoeion. After Chaeronea ho j 
had dixjpped to his natm-al level of a rptTuywwcmJs in politics. 
But now for one day with his one great gift of eloquence he was 
to divide attention with Demosthenes, and no one could tell in 
advance whom evening would call victor. In the only case in 
which they had already met, Aeschines had wou- 

26. Hut what of the actual course of the contest? Aeschiiies 
stood like Faust before the Erdgeiat which he had conjured up. 
lie needed not to wait for the verdict: he was annihilated, if 
oratory could do it, before Demosthenes had uttered half of his 
great defence, li he never realized it before, he surely did then, 
that Demosthenes was a giant and he a dwarf,^ Demosthenes 

quittal (soaUoGrote). Blase leave* it 
in doubt wliieh pnrly puslied the com 
in330. GroteaiidmostortlieEnglish 
nnthorities think it wae Aesi^hinea. 
Tlieir error consigta in ignoring Ihe 
faut tbat the impiilie far reopening 
llie caee must have come floms time 
before the actual trial. Bch&SuT (Dem. 

by Jebb (^All. Orators, II. p. 400). 
tubes the view indicated in the text. 

' Cr. [Dem.] Lviu. 6. 


^ See on | 56. 6. 

' The remark ascribed ta Aeschines 
in ill. Dec. Orall. 840 d, 'You would 

< Zeil, III. p. 207), followed, had heard Demoetbenca' speech,' ia 


carried the case up, and carried the jury along with him, into a 
region of thought where Aeachinea was uot a.t liome. The man 
who could make Chaerouea as glorious as Marathon was clearly 
maxter. But Aeschiues made a bad case worse by an error of 
character. A pro- Macedonian policy, it must be confessed, was 
not one adaptt^d to stir the hearts of an Athenian jury ; but Aes- 
chioes would have made a better impression had he planted him- 
self squarely on that issue, as Fbocion in his place would have 
done. ^Vhen he tries to make out that Demosthenes is guilty of 
favoring tlie Macedonian interests, the hollowiiess of hia talk is 
here again, as when he poses as the champion of the laws, unfor- 
tunately conspicuous.^ We may well believe that the jury, which 
gave the verdict under the spell of Demosthenes' great oration, 
was not divided ou party lines. The less than one-fifth of the 
votes ' — how much less we are not told — that Aeschines received 
cotild hardly represent the strength of the Macedonian party at 
XthcDB at that time. 

37. The loss of 1000 drachmas, attendant on the loss of the 
suit, was slight: the loss of the right to institute a similar suit in 
the future ° was more serious : but it was more than all the con- 
sciousness of an overwhelming defeat, of which the vote of the 
jury was only a feeble echo, that made Athens intolerable to 
Aeachinea. He probably left the city before the crowning, of 
which wo hear nothing : but what a crowning it must have been ! 
According to tradition, he spent some of the rest of his life in 
Rhodes, teaching rhetoric.' Epliesas and Samos are also men- 
tioned as his sojourning places. 

properly imderatood to represent what 
he, or any one else, atiglii to have Celt 
who had lieard both orations. 

1 Aeschines, probably feeling sure 
of tbe MaceJonian party, tried to 

catch also the anti-Macedonian votos. 
<if- §S 76, Sg, 162 ft. On the other 
hand gympatlij with tlie Mncedonian 
oauee appears in §§ 57, 66, 13? f., 15;, 


*See S(!h5mi 

I. Anliq. 0/ Gree, 

* Cf. authorities citeJ in note on 
Introd. S 1. The whole story may, 
however, have been invented to con- 
nect tlie Ehodjan BChool of oratory 
with Aeaehines. Ace. to the Vita 
Anon., when asked by the Rhodians to 
teaeh rhetoric, he replied that he did 
not know it himself. See SchSter, 
Dim. anil seme Zeil, III. p. 286, note. 


Present Form of the Oration. 

28. At some time durlDg this exile Aeschines subjected the 
present oration to a revision for publication, which if not very 
thorough was still quite wide-reaching.^ Fox (Kranzrede des 
Demosthenes, p. 214), indeed, maintains that we are fully justified 
in believing that in the two orations on the Crown, in their pres- 
ent form, we have not merely in the main, but in detail, the very 
orations prepared and committed to memory before the trial and 
delivered at the trial with the addition of a slight amount of extem- 
porized matter. Very few, however, have been able to resist the 
impression that § 189, anticipating Demosthenes' comparison of 
statesmen to boxers,^ and §§ 225 f., anticipating the comparison 
between the bad statesman and the bad physician,^ are more nat- 
urall}' explained as insertions made after the corresponding pas- 
sages of Demosthenes had been heard. A still more suggestive 
case is § 228. Extending the same supposition to this, it would 
seem that Aeschines had heard Demosthenes compare him to the 
Sirens. But no such comparison occurs in Demosthenes' published 
oration. The natural conclusion is that Demosthenes, when he 
published it, suppressed the illustration.* The labored refutation 
§§ 13-16, corresponding to nothing in Demosthenes' oration, may 
be a similar case. Dem. xix. certainly lost by revision a passage, 
of which the reply (c/. 11. 10) took cognizance. Schafer {Demos- 
thenes und seine Zeit, III, Beilage, pp. 72 ff.) has a discussion 
of the question of revision, maintaining that some considerable 
changes were made in editing, but that ' the two orations lie before 
us in the main as they were delivered.' He believes that however 
well the lines of each orator's argument might be known to the 

1 As the work was done in exile, he 
probably did not have before him the 
speech of Demosthenes as revised for 
publication, but was dependent on his 
recollection of what he had heard. 

2 Cf, Dem. XVIII. 319. 

* Cf, Dem. XVIII. 243. 

* Fox (p. 358) sees in this case an 

evidence of the conscientiousness with 
which Aeschines published every word 
that he had uttered before the court, 
retaining the reference to an odipus 
comparison to which he seemed pecu- 
liarly sensitive, even though he had 
made a bad hit in supposing that 
Demosthenes was going to use it. 



other, by gossip and by the points presented at the preliminary 
hearing (dva/c/owns) ,^ no anticipation of similes such as appears in 
§§ 189, 225, could really occur. This principle once established, 
one expects many other passages to be regarded as additions.* 
There were, quite as likely to be subtractions also from the spoken 
oration. Thus we are di'iven to confront the suggestion of a wide 
dixergeftce between this and the published form. 

Kirchhoff, in the article in which he so daringl}" dissects the 
oration of Demosthenes,^ is much more conservative in regard to 
changes in Aeschines' oration. Bruno Cammerer (De duplici recen- ' 
sione orationis AescJiinece contra Gtesiphontem) regards a large 
part of the oration as added in the revision.* 

The revision was, after all, done without that use of the * file * 
which marks Demosthenes. Many parts appear like patches of 
new cloth on an old garment. This is most apparent in the legal 
part of the oration, where sections prepared in 336 b.c. lie adja-* 
cent to others prepared in 330 B.C., with no reduction of the whole 
to oroauic unitv.* 

C7 V 

Characteristics of Aeschines.* Oratory. 

29. As an orator, Aeschines is.' a brilliant amateur/ He is a 
spiritual brother of Andocides, and seems to have recognized the 
kinship.* •As an amateur he touches topics on the surface, without 
feeling the necessity of searching them to the bottom. I A chain 
of argument with proofs at every step is something wTiich he 
hardly understands. It is nearly as diflScult to compare him with 

^ Of. Schomann, Antiq. of Greece, I. 
p. 483. 

2 The following passages have espe- 
cially fallen under the suspicion of 
various scholars : §§ 24-30, 35-48, 54- 

56, 84, 159-167, i77ff-» I97-I99» 200- 

^ Cf. Abhandl. der Berliner Akad. 
1875, pp. 64 ff. 

* It may seem strange that Aeschi- 
nes, in trying to parry so many of 
Demosthenes' thrusts by pretended 
anticipations, should not have touched 

on the foul abuse of his mother. See 
Introd. § 2. It may be set down to 
his credit, and as a not unimportant 
testimonial of character, that he with- 
drew from that challenge in silence, 
and left Demosthenes undisputed 
master in foulness. 

^ §§ 24-30 is a good specimen case. 
See on that passage. § 216 is added 
at the time of revision with no attempt 
to make it conform to the point of 
view of 330 b.c. 

6 See App. on § 1. 


Lysias, with a view to settling their relative rank, as it would be 
to compare him with some poet. With a great parade to cover 
the retreat, he has retreated from the characteristic docere of Attic 
oratory, and fallen back on the delectare. 

Like Andocides ^he tells a story welL and will never, if he can ^ 
help it, abpindon^najrativefor argument. Notable exhibitions of 
this talent are §§ i odffT and"nr#The"def ect that is ever present y 
with him js {ii Jack jof nobility of nature and exeEuiaroestpesa of ^ 
purpose . He seems to have all the equipments of an orator, but 
' keine Seele warmt die Eingeweide.' /Hence he has the misfortune 
^InaQst..aIways to try to appear more in earnest than he isA The 
pathos of the present oration is often of that character. When in 
I. he poses as a censor of morals, he deceives no one but himself. 
At the very end, he shows that his zeal is directed at Timarchus 
only, and not at the other sinners of the same stripe, by making 
provision, with one of the blackest proposals in Greek literature, 
that the very vice he has been castigating may go on. 

In II. alone he is genuine, because he does not try to appear 
greater than he is : he is simply trying to get off from a powerful 
and pitiless enemy. Even those who hold that in this oration he 
does not refute a single point of the attack are constrained to yield 
it high praise, as by far the best of his so-called ' three Graces.* 

It is perhaps a great misfortune for his fame that the present 
oration did not remain unpublished, in which case it would have 
been possible to suppose, in spite of the verdict of the court and 
tradition, that the attack was in some measure worthy of the great 
defence. His oration On the Embassy being superior, as a work 
of art, to Dem. xix., posterity might well have entertained exalted 
notions as to this his grandest effort. 

Aeschines^has decided merits which would make him a formid- 
able competitor for the second place among the Attic orators, even 
if the adventitious circumstance of his struggle with Demosthenes 
had not placed him there. Demosthenes himself gives ample testi- 
mony to his capabilities ; ^ and not altogether does Aeschines belie 
*iis report in the present oration. If carping criticism could have 

Cf. Dem. XVIII. 242 ; xix. 339 f ., to which should be added Aeschines' 
"ts, § 228; II. 41. 



won hia caae» he would have beeu victorious. .. His skill jm putting 
tiie worst construction on Demosthenes' acts, and making his dis- _ 
course^mtere^tingj wEUe enforcing each point with some brilliant 
epiphonema, has led^ Leopold Schmidt (Ethik der Ghriechen^ I. p. 
24) to call Mm ' eine diabolische Natur.' 

^^4xk^the legal part of the discussion, where he had the advantage 
of Demosthenes, he is not at ^ome. ' Here, he presents a fault 
alien to his nature : he lacks hicldity. The whole treatment is so 
labored that Demosthenes, with a keen eye to his own advantage, 
gives it the most withering answer possible : ' Neither, by the gods, 
do I suppose you understood his arguments, nor was I myself able 
to understand most of them.' ^ 

Among features fairly characteristic of the style of Aeschines 

ay be mentioned : — 

1. Diatyposis, or vivid presentation jof a picture^^^^ 

2. Apostrophes^ 

3. Inclination to digression,* which justifies the verdict of Quin- 
tilian (x. i. 77) : Plenior Aeschines et magis fusus et grandiori similis 
quo nimis strictus est; carnis tamen plus habet, minus lacertorum. 

4. Exaggeration.* 

5. A fondness for the figura etymologica^'^ his most striking 
superficial characteristic. 

In a less striking degree than Demosthenes he exhibits : - — 

1. The art of dramatic representation, i,e. the carrying on of a 
discussion with question and answer.^ 

2. The use of a pair of words to express a single notion,® mainly 
for the purpose of dwelling longer on the thought. 

He is not altogether indifferent to hiatus, and some transpositions 
in the natural order of words are made with a view to avoiding it.^° 

1 See on §§ 28-30 in. « Cf, § 212, 25. 8. 

2 Cf. Dem. XVIII. 11 1. 7 ggg on § 2. 4. 

8 See on § 153 in. 8 qf. §§ 20-22, 178, 186. 

* Striking cases are §§ 137, 152, 260. * This feature is reduced somewhat ^^ 
See on § 53. 6. by Weidner's pruning of the text, bi-/ 

* Of' §§ 77 f'* ^3^^'t 132-136. It may be seen in numerous passap Z*^ 
is difficult to find any thread of See on § 131. 2. ^ 
connection in the epilogue (§§ 177- 10 Sea Blass, Att Beredsamkf' 
260). 2. p. 204. '' 





369. Ace^ssion of Philip. 

357. Philip takes Amphipolis. War with Athens (367-346). 

Social War (367-366). 
355. Sacred War (356-346). 

Treaty between Athens and the Phocian mercenaries. 
354. Eubulus State Treasurer. 

Demosthenes opens his career before the assembly with the oration on 
the Sjmmories. 
362. Demosthenes' oration for the Megalopolitans. 

Philip annihilates the Phocian army under Onomarchus. 

Athenians cover Thermopylae against the approach of Philip. 
351. Demosthenes' First Philippic. 

Demosthenes' oration for the Rhodians. 
350. Expedition of the Athenians to Euboea. Battle of Tamynae. 

Aeschines' brother Aphobetus State Treasurer, continuing the regime 
of Eubulus. 

Failure of Apollodorus* proposal to divert the Theoric Fund to war 
349. Philip's campaign against Olynthus. 

Demosthenes' First and Second Olynthiacs. 
348. Demosthenes' Third Olynthiac. 

Philip destroys Olynthus. ^ 

Athens invites the Greeks to a general war against Philip. Aeschines 
goes as ambassador to Arcadia. 
346. First Athenian peace-embassy to Philip, on the motion of Philocrates 
(February or March). 

Philip takes many places on the coast of Thrace. 

Macedonian envoys arrive at Athens (April). 

Second Athenian peace-embassy to Philip (end of April) . 

Phocians under Phalaecus capitulate. Destruction of Phocian towns. 

Philip president of the Amphictyonic Council. 

Indictment of Aeschines by Timarchus for treason as an ambassador. 

Demosthenes' oration on the Peace. 
345. Aeschines' oration Against Timnrchns. 

Aeschines' brother Philochares Strategus (345-342). 
344. Philip's intervention in Peloponnesus. 

Demosthenes' Second Philippic. 
343. Philocrates, indicted by Hyperides, goes into exile. 

Athens' suit before the Amphictyons for jurisdiction over Delos. 

Aeschines indicted alft brought to trial by Demosthenes for treason on 
the second peace-embassy. Orations On the Embassij. 


342. Hegesippus' oration on Ilalonnesus. 

Philip's encroachments in Euboea. Cailias of Chalcis forms an alliance 
with Athens. 
841. Diopithes, the Athenian commander in the Chersonese, begins a desul- 
tory warfare with Philip. 
Demosthenes' oration on the Chersonese and Third Philippic. 
340. Philip besieges Byzantium. 

Athenians declare war against Philip, on the motion of Demosthenes. 
Demosthenes, as Overseer of the Navy, introduces thorough reforms. 
339. Aeschines appointed Pylagoras (March). 

Philip chosen leader of an Amphictyonic campaign against Amphissa 

Theoric Fund devoted to war-purposes by the influence of Demosthenes. 
Philip occupies Elatea. 

Demosthenes' embassy to Thebes results in an alliance between Athens 
and Thebes. 
338. Lycurgus State Treasurer. 

Battle of Chaeronea (Sept.). 

Thebes receives a Macedonian garrison. Peace of Demades secures 

terms favorable to Athens. 
Philip's Congress of Corinth and declaration of the programme of war 
against Persia. 
337. Demosthenes' proposal to repair the walls (June). 

Demosthenes chosen one of the commissioners for that work, also Over- 
seer of the Theoric Fund. 

330. Ctesiphon's bill to crown Demosthenes stopped by Aeschines* vrwfiocia. 
Assassination of Philip. 

335. Alexander destroys Thebes. 

334. Alexander opens his Asiatic campaign. 

331. Battle of Arbela. 
330. Agis revolts. 

Suit of Lycurgus against Leocrates. 

Battle of Megalopolis, in which Antipater defeats Agis, and suppresses 

the Spartan revolt. 
Orations On the Crown (Aug.). 

1 TrjV fLfv vapaa-Kevrin opare, w ai'Spes 'AOrjvaioi, teal 

T'^c TrapaTaim oa-rj ytyivyjTa.i, koL rds Kara Tr\v ayopav 

Exordium. ^ 1-8. The centriil 
thought is &v Sia'njpT}8itiirii' al vi^itt r^ 
iti\ti, aifitrat Ka\ t) Si^jjiKpaTla (§ 6). 
The particular point preased is (i- firo- 

pani/iur ypaipai (§ 5). " All the bul- 
warks of the democracf nrc awept 
Bvay except the xnpnvrj/iuv ypatp-ij, 
Saatain me lest that alao he loat." 

a) Perannal, of Ids antagonisl and 
Mmse!/. §1. The object ig red Jere 

3 1> 1. irofoinnvi^v «al impdro^v : 
prolepais for emphRais. A mililary 
metaphor, levy ami musltr. Without 
vapdra^ui the metaphor would not be 
felt, on account of the oralora' con- 
itant uae of irapuffKtvit in the aenae of 
intrigue, or careful preparationa of a 
cabal. Cf. §§ 3, 62. i. 193, k<i1 t),.. 

wapaffiieuili' Kal talis irvrrrr^P'"" "'tH' 
irapirrvptirf. Lyturg. 20, oi yip iyi.a- 

Bur dKte Til Sfiiati! -ray ilwravfLtvav. 
Dem. xtx, I raisea tgaiiist Aeechinea 
the same charge of attempting to in- 
fluence the jurj by an nrray of parli- 
sana, Btri] ftfv 5 apSpa 'ABiivatai tnroviij 
ifepi TDMTPf'l T^v i'yofva koI irapayytKta 
ytyove, axiSiy oTfiai wiii-rar i/iSt jfo-fl^- 
fffloii lapati-rat (fpri toIj gr' ^irATjpoSffflf 
ivox^obmo,j Mai rpoaiAnTas i^iTv. The 
Schol., comparing thia exordium with 
that of Dem. iix., cenBurea rapiiTa(f 

aa too tragic ; yet thia exordiam con- 
fornna better to the rule of simplicity 
than does thai of Dem oathenea' reply. 
This opening aent. wsa prob. auggested 
by Aodoc. 1. I, t))ii /liv Taparrufsiiiv kbI 
rt/y TrpaSufiiay rav ix^P"'- ^^^ ^PP- 
Similar ia Lya. xii. 2.— •! £vE|k« "ASi]- 
valot: the 6DD0 jurymen, drawn by 
lot each year from all citizcna over 
30 years old, were divided for aerTioe 
into diriaiatiB of 500. In an impor- 
tant case like this, pmb. at least two 
diviaions would sit together. Owing 
to the size of tlie jury, the form of 
address appropriate 10 the Bssembly 
is quite aa common a a the more 
strictly proper, S irISpf! SiKuirrai. See 

2. rds Kara ti]V dyopdv Srq<nii: 
a particular aspect of trnpat-NEu^p. 
Most of the iiKoirrlipm bordered on the 
ayapd, the centre of the city's life 
(see Schumann, Antig. of Greece, I. p. 
476), and it was there, naturally, that 
Demostlienea' partisans preaaed upon 
the jury. Cf. Thuo. yiii. 54, Jwu- 
txofflm atiTfp iT&yx,ayoy TrpArepov iv rp 
irihti olam M Sinai! «nl ipx<u!. The 
military words rapaairiirlsy atid wapi- 
Tofiv hint at such ii/mitiMrlai. The 
reference ia not merely to the iruvii- 
yapai, but to the whole faction which 
supported Demosthenes. Cf. i. 193 
quoted above. 


34 A12X1N0Y KATA KTHSI*nNT02 i, 2 

So^trei? ats Ks^TjvTaC Twes vTrep tov to, /xeVpia Kal <ruv- 
^07} fir] yiyviO'daL iv r^ iroXet ■ eyo) Se jrejrtoreuK&is 17KW 

B irpSiTov fih Tois ^eot?, iireira toT? I'd/ioi? Koi i/xtv, ■^ow- 
fj.evo'i ovhefitav au TrapatTKevrjv ji^llpv l<r^(.u> trap vfiiv 

3 Twv vofKDV Kal TWJJ SiKaitia^. e^ovXop-qv pev ovi', w 
Spes 'A^T^iiatot, Kal tj)v ^ovKtjv 701/5 TTO'Ta'focrtous 
Tas iKKkijiria'; inro raiv i^tTT-qKoroiv bpdSi'; SioiKtrtrl 

3. nWt: used sereral timcB in tbia 
oration, §§ 3, 5, 7, 58, 191, to refer in 
a diapltraging way to Demosthenes 
and hispftrty. — tA (HTpumalmjyiifh]: 
a single art. because the two adjs. 
farm one coDception in the speiikcr's 
mind. See an § 131. 2. Aescltines 
poaes througliuut the oration aa the 
cliampion of the estsblislied institu- 
tions of the state. On the gruund 
of such pretensions, Demosthenes 
takes him to task in xyni. 292, KsfToi 

aKOrta tpporrlCfiv, &sittp outdi m»l stK. 
"Demosthenes' clique has ambitions 
incompatible with that equality which 
belongs to a democracy" (cf. § 3. 10, 

rii iuroo 

and §g 170, 3Zo), "and will not hold 
itself ittbject to tile limitation a of the 
fair and ordinart/ course of justice." 
lifTpat, ai in i. idi, a synonym for 
Sfifaios. Cf. § 9. 1, fi-Tplun. Thuc. 
iv. 3f, iavritv Tapoo'x^'' i^KHioi/ hoX 

4. ^Y*^ ^' ' empliatic contmat to 

E. vci|ioi9 Kal vfLty : the spenker 
throws himaelf upon the jury. 'I'liia 
opening has a greater show of coo- 
fidenco than that of Demoatlieiiea' 

6. £v • ■ ■ Itrjciiiiv: fiif is necesgary 
because in dir. disc, the thought is 
not iV^KpoT^ptt trrl, but laxlioi !'>', i.e. 

would prove stronger if tried. For' 
the sentiment, c/ Dem. ra, 283, aWr 
iar D^»Aoi irAeoit flrii fi^ vtupt Arl 
to!.! {.SiKavyra) tx^i. -iti •r«A,T>f<u, ir 
^ frvy-fviblJ,!! Ktji rapnyytMa Tiiv riftl 

cbI commonplace before the courts, 
for which we do not need to hold 
Aeachinea particularly indebted 

b) Conceriiiiig the violeTice of lh» op- 
poiing pariij, which easts off all dtetm 
and acknoicletlga no ioimds. §§ 2-4. 

g S. 1. ^povXa')iT|V ^v ovv: fiiw 
corresponda to St, § 3, I. iBtu\ilai* 
without iv expresses a wish strongly 
felt at present, but already past real- 
ization. GMT. 49, 2, N. 3 c ; H. 897 b. 
CA Antipho, v. 1. iflouMi/njv /lA 
&iiSpc!, ftii' iivaiiiy tdC Xfftiy Kal rifr 
l/i^cipiai' Till jTpiLT^tiiTup II Iffo 
KaSfiTTdyai Tj; ts aufi/pop^ koI toTi i 
ToJi ■yi-ftrniihois. If the wish i 
pendent an a condition, fiv mn 
expressed. See. however, on § iij.S, 

2, Tois invT(iK<Mr£oi:4 ; added e 
getically to t))v SouX^v to diBtingidsIl 
it from Ti BouKii Ij it 'Apelou riyto, § 3ft 

3. rmi' iitKa-njiaiTiov: during I 
fora the arelionahip of Nauainicu^^ 
378-7 B.C. (see Goodwin, Transact. ?f 
the functions of the old tribal 11 
ms were limited so that they had lit- 
tle more to do than to call the i 


si. p. s 

Kctt TOWS cd/AOus oSs ivofioOeTTjcre %6k(ov vept rij^ rutv 
6 prqTaptiiv tvKo(Tjj,ia^ la')(veLv, Iva i$r\v Trpturov pev t&» 
irpecT^VTaTQi iSiv ttoKltSiv (r(i}(fip6vii><; iirl to (S'^/xa TrapeX- fi 
^di^n av£L> dopv^ov Kal rapa\[-^s cf ipvet.pia'; to. jSe'Xti- 
ora rp TrdXei trw^ySouXeveiv, Seurepov 8' ^8iy xat twi' 

ingB of the Eenate and the assembly. 
The presidenof in both bodies wse tx- 
ercised bv a committee of Dine scna- 
tora, callod ■rfi6ilpot, whom the presi- 
deot of Ihe npuriviis [d U Twr wpuri- 
rmv xK-npniiityos (TurTaTnt) at tlie 
opening of eai;b ftaBcmbly selected by 
lot from the nin^ tribes otiier tliBu 
hia own. From these nine TrpifSpai 
the Bctuftl preeiding officer for any 
giren day (i it tmc irpo^SpMf nK^ipoa- 
fitrat JTrisTilTni, not to be confounded 
with the rpurinfav i-wiaTdri}! jast men- 
tioned) was selected by lot. Tlie 
object of this complicated macliinery 
was prob. to prevent cheating through 
previons collasion with the presidiog 
officer. On the whole subject, see 
Schomftiin. Anlii. of aresce, I. p. 377, 
Journal 0/ Hell. Studies, III. p. 137. 

4. ovt 'va|u>Wn|n : like tv {tifuir) 
iw^oSETiionTf, § 14. The use of the 
Jigura et^molaglea of every variety is 
B favorite manneriBm of Acschines. 
(See Introd. % aO.) Thus we have 

T*!- tAIiY TliTTtffeBI § ^, fllX^'t tUxfOlLi 

S 1 8, ariUlI^a ivoBilHU §21, K-lip\jyfia 
■JlpBjB. SS 33, 154, irpa^iiffdi Tpo^nfff- 
(laiai § 24. ipxJj" "«"" §§ 25. 26, 27 ; 

I. 106, *FiSoAbI iTli^iWttl' § 27, KITIL- 

XiipoTOtlav itBTOx«'pDToi'fri' § 52, iaipo- 
JiMlni iupoSorilv § 5S, !^^irii> SfiaBai 
g 61 ; It. 43, ipBT^^OTa r^puTSy § 72 ; i, 
130, TpoiTBi TpiirfirBai § 90, nurrnyua 
ffWTjTTdv 5 95, irpB^dt wpiTTfiy § 96; 
I. 74, rpin-fldoi' jrpHfStiicy |§ 97. ' j8 J 
L. I30; II- Sz, 139, 14Z, fi/oy Auivi 

ijiMil^a iSiNc7i' § 145, -niiSifai' raiEi^iy 
S 148, xfipr/na irpoKjjpuTTHy g I49, 7pa- 
fai ypdipendtH §§ 212, 216, iyopdafuiTa 
dTopslf^Eiy § 223, Tfifpous ra^ptitiy § 236, 
TralUTilav jroKvTfitaeai § 7 I I. 5, ArSyoii 
X^Ttiy § 13; I. 81,93, ^Itby,!"! ^itiIt- 
Ttu' I. 3, 70, 76, 95, ifptwriivny lipitiFaaVat 

7ciXai I. St, aiiAprJitxn aftaprtly t. 88, 
Spftov iwwpKiiv 1. It5i fijarpi^i fitarpf- 
flfiy I. t21, t47, 149, Aoiloplai AoiJo- 
pirnflai H. 8, fiixv nuiifiaxitraaBai li. 
169, DTpaTtio! aTpoTtiisSai 11. tGij, 
orpaTtlat iriHrTpaTeiltffflai 11. 170, ri^- 
ycjv tI W^ub II. 87. This maoneriBin 
appears, Chen, least freq. in 11. — £j- 
Xwi.: ?/:§§ io8^n,2S7,6; 1.6, Con- 
sidering that Aeichines opeiii and 
closes his oration with mention of 
Solon, it is natural that Demosthe- 
nes ill the reply should bUo appeal 
to him, that he might not appear to 
belong to AeBchines as h patron saint. 
C/. Mem. xvilt. 6. 

6. (vKiKr|it(Li ; more particular in- 
formntion on this point i« given in t. 
23 ff. — i^v- see App. A purpose 
not attained depending on a wish not 
attained, iBouf.ip.'ny ; hence a secon- 
dary tense of the indie. G. 218, 3; 
n. 884. 

6. a'aii|>pdviin : finds its explanation 
in the following, tttv SopiBov nal tb- 
pB^fii, and its opposite, § 4. 7; and 
refers to the proper bearing of the 
orator as be comes to the bema in 
his turn without puahing his wajr 


St-p. M. 

bo TTepl €KdaTov yfwfiijv dirotftaivtcrOcLi. ■ ovT<a yap av fim 

BoKel '^ re iroXi? aptara SioiKcifrBai. al rt xpitrets eA.a;^t(rrai 

1 3 ytyfetr^ai. CTretS^ St -rravTa to. irpoTepov wp.oKoyrjp.a'a. 

9. Tiiv PiniXo)uv<iv: 
from the dat. to tlic ace. with the inf., 
facilitated here by llie great number 
of intorrening words, \s more common 
after ir/ioirtS«ei. Cf. Isocr. v. 1I7, vpoa- 
ii«(i Jt TBii fiiv iM-nti Imlr'ni' t V ^iKtv 
rripyti, h ^ rvyxi'O'^ri KaTonoCfTei, 
ff« K &inrffi iipfTBv ytyfPTjfXfVov Sirau'civ 
riin 'EM((flB TOTpHa i-g/iiffiu. — /v )l^- 
pit: i.«. one after another, as eacli 
one's turn cornea. Cf. Plato Froi. 
347 d, \^o«-di T. «al itoiioKTa. iy ^4- 
fiti iavTuv Koa^las. It in to be taken 
in close connectinn with Jtafl' i\\iiilav, 

ID. YVuHil* <>'''"'4>b'>'''>'^ - tbe omi^ 
sion of the act. perhaps marks the 
phraee bb a survival from the time 
when the art, had demonatratiye force, 
Cf. Xen. An.i. 6. 9, v. 5. 3. Dem.iv. 
1; XV111.189. ';. Altogether 
different is 1. 153, aKf^ne9c 3f rit 
yvt^fias Its ItTo^atftTai irotijTTi^. — oZrii 
^DpoLV; the same expression with the 
same separation of fiv from its verb, 
increasing the emphasis on oSru, is 
found in i. 8. See GilT. 12, 2, h. 

11. Giointa^ai: used of the con- 
duct of public buBinuas. Many law- 
«uits necessarily arose from the nnoni- 
aly that, at Athena, the responsihiliiy 
for obserranoe of the legal forma, 
rested not with the officer presiding 
ovtr the debate, but with the speakers 
who brought forward measures, oi iro- 
\iTiuifi,fvoi, Di /InTDpEi. Any looseness 
in method of procedure must lead to 
lawBuita. The immenae number of 
these at Athens is too well known to 
need comment. Cf. § 194. Ar. Nub. 
■,Ac. 41. See theplotof Ar. rtfsp. 

Aeschines was personally disinclined 
to engage in lawsuits (tf. 1. I, dM(» 
■Tail' o£V< ypaipiir ypa- 


«rl!<r«), . 

claims to have been drawn 
one only by the unbridled ezceasea of 
Demoathenea and liia party, who are 
making bavoc of the constitution. 
Cf. 5 ?■ The complete coinddence 
in time of the two infs. (for impf. 
ind. itidir.disc.),reproBenUngthe two 
cooaequencea of Che supposed reito- 
ration of Solon's law, is axpretsed 
by Tt' — Tf'=os — so. Cf. Thue, vi, 
34. 4, t S^ ^iftiffra iydi Tf ra/ilCa ftrf- 
Kaipojr, lijitri Tf tjiciiri" hy o£tBi i.tfturf*, 
Sfia! (ipfiiitTai. In point of fact, how- 
ever, the actual connection between 
the multiplication of lanaaits and the 
neglect of the orators to observe the 
order of seniority is hardly apparent, 
and the argument is weak. 

5 8. 1. The long and somewhat in- 
volved sentence, extending throngh 
§§ 3i 4i is characterized by Blus a* 
'bombast' because the conclurton, 
which does not begin till § 4. 3, nal- 
ynrai /ih eipressea only the same 
thing as the premise. The whole 
sentence, he asserts, might be ex- 
pressed thus: "Since all our good in- 
stitutiona ace gone out of use, and the 
completely without re- 

3 can do nothing 
s of the orators." 
ff,III. 2.p.205. If 
n advance in the 

t, all 01 

t of V 

Allische BtreJsamte. 

there not, however, 

thought from the arrogance of the 

orators to tnmnlla in the assembly. 


St. p. 6. 

KaXu; ej(etv pvvl KaraXeXuTai, koX ypa^ovai rtfes paSi'tos 
irapavofLov^ yvw/i,a? koI raO^ irepoC rifC? ra i^^ur/iara 
ivi'^^itflviTiv ovK CK ToS St)faiora70u rpdirov Xaj^di/res 
5 npo^Bpeueiv dXX' ck Trapao-Keu^? Ka^e^dfiej'oi, av Se 
Tis TWi' aXXtDi/ /3ov\£VT0H' oiT<ys Xa^Tj TrpoeSpeueti' Kai 
ras vfierepa^ j^ctpoTortas opOoji; di'ayopevr]. Tovroi^ 01 
r^v jToXirei'ai' ovk4ti. koivtjv aXX' 17015 lOt'oi' avTtav 
■^■yovjicvoL dn£i.\ova-tv cto'ayyeXXeti', (faraSouXoiJ/iecot rows 
10 iSi(i>Tas Kot Tiis SuvaoTEtas eavrois ir€pLTTOiavfi€voi, 


which no ordinnry safeguards 
check! I. 95 has a simila 
gation of claoses in a »inglc 
mivTa ri Tprfrtpov ktX. ; not only 
principles but itlso political institu- 
tions, as is shown hj iiaTax4\vmai, 
Tbe breaking up of old inBtitntions 
has been brought about by neglect 
rather thuii by new enactments. 

2. ^bof: tcmcre. 

3. Tvujuu: equiv. lo <l,ii^hiuna, as 
is shown by | 230; freq. so used by 
the orators. These measures are 
rapitntioi when they clash with ex- 
isting taws. If the irundTr)! refused 
to bring forward the motion for dis- 
cussion and to put it to Tote (yvii- 
fut ir^Tifliny, §§ II4, 12S; 11. 65), 
he might thus come into a conflict 
with the ruling majority. Cf. 11. 84, 
and the case of Socrates who was ^n- 
nriTJi! under the earlier arrangement 
of irpuTiii'eii, Plato Apol. 32 b. Xen. 
Hill. i. 7. 13-16. 

4. Jk tou GiKoioTctrou Tpo'irau : af (er 
the analogy of iK wanii rpifTroi.. The 
same charge of tampering with the 
lot, which seems to have been n ccim- 
raon practice, occurs in § 73, ™flefV'- 
vDi fiouAfurl)! trn it irapairiitvTJi, and 
§ 61, ii^avB' flafpxfrai <'i ri Sou\«ut^- 

X^', iAV i« impeiffif eufli irpwf^tKis. Still 
more explicit is the charge against 
Timarchus, 1. 106, bIik lartv ^vTirn -wii- 
ror' ois flpf"' ipxh") oi8*fiftt» ^axil■ 
nisi x"P''f''"l^'i'i i*^^ irifiTBt irapi 
Toil r6fioii!TTpiiiiti'as. On the method 
nf casting lota (or offleials, see Sthii- 
mann, I. p, 402. 

7. ava^opiv^ : used of the ofiioial 
announcement (renun^tiare) of the 
result of a vote by the presiding 

9. (I^raYYiXXtLV : tlaayytKla, a spe- 
cial form of indictment, was in tbe 
flrat Instance brought before the sen- 
ate or the assembly (see Meier and 
Sehiiraann, Alt. Proe. 2d ed. p. 323). 
and the party at the bead of affairs 
often greatly abused this method of 
procedure- Cf. Lys. xut. 22. 

10. IGiiirM : not in distinction from 
officials, but from orators, in whose 
hands lay the management of affairs. 
Cf. I. 7. The Bar 
plied in § 214. 2.— 

ccniritlling iitjlueitte m the slate. "This 
power, which properly belongs to the 
laws, a certain clique of oraton, with 
whom Demosthenes is supreme, arro- 
gates lo itself." This IvtatrrtU dis- 
turbs laotoiiia, iariyopla and rapf^aia. 
Cf Thuc, iii. 62. \. The word is 


Tos S' CK Twi' tlnj^wr^aTmc /ier' opyTJ^ Kpaiova-iv, crt- 

cCyrjTai fi€v to KaXXtarof Kat (rw^pofeoTaTOf K-^pvyfia 

t£)v iv -rf) TToXei " ris tiyopaJeti' jSoi/Xerat twi/ vwcyD 

P S TTGTqKovTa ert) ytyoi'OTCDU " »cai iraXii' «> /xe/aet Tw 

Kpareiv Suvawai ou^' oJ fofioi ov6' ol TTpvTdueL^ ovff" 

well cboseo to bring- odmm upun De- 
ino9tbene», appealing, m it doei, lo 
the deep-seated hatred of tyraniB, — 
JDVToIs: with the mid, roioe as in 

§ Sg, i^alperoy !' aarif TupoiPi'fJo n-fpi- 
iroioV'"'t- H.812b. (^Dem-xis. 
240, Xen. Jn. r. 6. 17, and theexBiu- 
plea giren by Rehdant^c on Ljeurg, 
70. With the act., aa in Iiae. tii. 6, 
mii'Ta fit foBTbc KpitTodio-H', the rell. 
pron. is much more comtnon. 

§4. 2. TOS SWk TUV <)ni<tu>'|ulTHv : 
if this does not refer to 110-077^x^^1* 
C§ 3- (')> it is an allusion to irregulur 
triaU before the assembly, like that 
of the generals at Arginusne. Cf'. 
Xen. ffell. i. 7. 13 ff. Constitutional 
Temedies through the courts, -ypofial 
wapafiiiom, were too slow and lame 
for demagogues who were consuiouB 
of the power to control the osaembly, 
in Bhich body, by stirring the popular 
passion, nrr' oprf^s, more ftriking re- 
Bulls conld be produced. Owing, how- 
ever, lo the large juries, the dema- 
gogic arts found some place in the 
courts also. Cf. II. 3, ATj^offflfVij! ou 
Xnfpti tmaimi ttSyais, akxi t<)v C>ic- 
riptv bpyiir iiiKaKiaaaSat ficSnu'X'tri.i. 
Demosthenes' great reply is a splen- 
did example of this feature in Attic 
legal oratory. For the excessive pre- 
Talen(^e of tiaaryytMai In Athens at 
tliis time. cf. Hyperid. Euxen. IB, 4aV 
lytryi Baviiiim, «' fit) TprxrfffTavTai ufiTv 

ai ToiaDrni lurayyiKtai ktX. — rcrlY<|- 
Toir BIbss. Alt. Bfred. III. 2. p. 199, 
sees in tliii word a trace of Aeachinea' 
familiarity with the dromn. See the 
other examples there given, 

4. tCs difopcvELv . . . ye^wTinv •■ this 
formula^ occurs also in t. 2J. «] 
■tSkir . . . 'Adjivaluv h here added bra- 
chy logic ally, so that two separate 
proclumnlions seem blended into laie. 
Elsewhere only the words rfi iYopedfiv 
Boikertu are cited as the regular for- 
mula. Cf. Dem. xviii. 170. Ar. 
Achar.ib; E<^cl.\30: Tliesm.370. II 
would, however, be unfair to conclude 
that there nas no such law of Solon 
as Aeschines here describes, but ODly 
that it had gone out of use, since the 
discusaioQ of public affairs fell more 
and more into the hands of profei- 
sional orators. The spirit of Solon's 
law may he recognized in the proceed- 
ings mentioned in 11. 25, 47. See 
Schol, on Dem. it. i, iyaaritrts T^p 
abraS Tpi twi' irptffSi'Tfpoji' fSwJX^P*"' 
vir nm, which is only an ohvions 
interpretation of tlie apology with 
which Demosthenes there opens his 
oration. C/. Isoc.i-i. i. 

6. ovKt'-rt Kpartlv Stlvavroi : the 
complaint is made in [Dem.] 



ot TTpoeSpol ovB' rj WpoeBpevovcra ^wXij, to ScKarop /icpos 
5 T^s TTQXetDs. TouTwi' 8' e)(6vTi>iv ovTo>%, KoL tCiv KaLpatv 
opToiv rj) iroXei tolovtwv ottoious rivaq aurow? v/ieis 
v'!To\afi/3a.i'eT€ iluai, ev UTroXetVerat juepos t^? TToXtretas, 
ei Tt Koyai ruy^afti) yiyvciXTKOjv, cu Toni TTapai>op.o3V ypo.- 

5 i^at. et 8e Kai Tai5ras KaraX-ucrere t^ rot! KayaXuoufrti' 
eVtT/jei/feTe, TvpoKiytu, on XtjaeTe Kara piKpov rijs 

6 TToXtreias rto-i TTapa^o)p-^<ravT£S- ev yap lore, £ dvBp^^ 
'A9i)valoi, OTi Tyacts cio'i TroXtT-etat irapa Traatf dvOpa- 

from this passage that the old irpurii- 
tcit still bad EOTnething more to do 
tlinn merely lo select an /iriaTi(Ti7i for 
the senate and the nssembly as px- 
plained in S 2. 3. See App. 

8. o[ irft^tEpCHr: i.t. the tTriariTti! 
Kith hia eight colleagues, who formed 
a board to assist him in keeping or- 
der, or to control him in case he tried 
to act Hs a pSirtisan for his own tribe. 
See Goodwin, I'ransu-^ioni of Am. 
Phil. jljsw/af<D.i for 1886, p, 168,— 
irpotGptvoucra. t^XiJ : act. to 1 . 33 i t 
was enacted about 345 b,c. that one 
entire Irilie, t<J S^Kxrav ^ipot t^i ri- 
Kt»is, should be selected by lot to 
assist the vfvrivtn and rp6cSfai in 
keeping order in the assembly. See 
App. Such extensive preparations 
for keeping order show that stormy 
limes were expected in the assembly. 
For Incidental mentinp of such scenes, 
cf. Dem. SIS. 46. Plato PtoI. 21S c. 

c) jVeMsaily aad imporlance of lie 
7fitt(i)] rapatifiMv. % 5. 

S &. 1. KnipM': nhliont, like tem- 
pora usually in nn unfavorable 

2. emCaus "nvoE: pred. after tlrai. 
tIi ninkes the rel. more indefinite. 
■'■About what you know them lo be." 
^Plato Fhi-fdo. til e. TrpeVc SiaiKo- 

leTl' JTlfil Tfll 4T0S)J(Illat Tfit iKri, 

oUnf9<i flra. 


of this, deGniteness, in the relative is 
espresaed by an appended ir/p. Cf. 
Horn. /;. yi. H6, olu Jrep (.liAABK y^re^, 
Toitj Si *tai itvSpiiv. 

4. «aY<i: f "m, aB well as Demos- 
thenes. See, however, on § 41. 2. — 
al Tuv itopavoiuov vpo4>o( - the point 
lu which all tho preceding leads up. 
" In this suit I stand as the defender 
of the only remaining safeguard of 
the state, the yptipii wapavifiwi' "- all 
the others Demosthenes and his party 
have overthrown." 

6. in Xiia-(T« . . . irapax*>p<)nM'T4t : 
Ihal, before you knom it, gov leill ham 
jtf i/cn Tip your consUitiiian Utile bg tittle 
to a conteraptitJe Jiiction. 

7. woXiT«tos: gen. of separation 
utter wapaxi'pi""^'!' — tw£; see on 
Si, 3. 

d) In n republic the freedom of the 
citizen is dependent on the mainlenanee 
n/lhelms. §6. 

§ 6. 2. Sn Tpitt iltn iroXintoi 
jtta. : this enlargement of the thought 
just expressed, viz. the republic ia 
slipping away, Aeschinea gives in the 
same form in i. 4, where he takes 
pains to disclaim the credit of having 
originated it. It is a virtual qnol. 



iroi5, Tvpavvlq KoX oXiyap^ta Kal SiffioKpaTia, 8io 

8' ai fikv TupaywiSe? Kal oXiyttp^Cai, to is rpoiTOis rwv 

6 i^efrTYjKOTiiiv, aX 8e TToXei^ ai Sfip-OKpaTovfieuat Tot9 fo- 
p.oi<i Tois KeLp.ivot,<i. /ii^Scts ouf vfiaiu tovt dyvofCrtu, 
dWa (ra<fiw'i CKaoTos i7n<TTd<T0o), on, oraf eicriT^ eis Stfca- 
CTTjfpioi' ypa<j>r)P irapavofiap Siwao-toc, ef Tavrr} rrj rjnepa 
[i€\\ei TTfU \prj(ftoi' (j>ep€LU irtpl ttjs eauToC irappTjcrCa?. 

10 Siowep Kat o vop.odeT7}^ tovto trpSiTov ira^eu iv ri) Twi' 
SiKaoTtoi' opK^ " \jtT}^iovpai Kara rovs vd/xous." iKtlvo 

from hocr. III. 132, ^Ti Hi $7j»t] rli 


"as, o\iryiipxf<"; Sw^ip" 

Cf. Plato flep. 338 d. 

not infrequently repeat theniselves 

(compare Dem. iv. 2 with Dem. ix. 

5), and borrow Ironi one another (eee 

on § I. 1). For further il lustrations, 

see Jebb, Alt. Or. Introd. p. bntii, 

7. jn, JTav; tlie Bsnie cacophanoua 
combination occurs in Lfs. 


elsewhere in the orators. 

9. iTafpT|<r(ii( : fretdom of speech , 
nDplyiog the whole range of politi- 
cal freedom. In Isocr. tu, 20, on the 
contrary, the word is used in a, bail 
Hense. That the argument is fair is 
proved by the fact that the first step 
in the usurpation of the Four Hun- 
dred was the abolition of the ypaipi) 
Trapatit^v. C/".Thue. viii. 67. 2, ^{trwii 
lih iCifuor ftfur ytiiitiy V &' '"< &<>'>■ 
AlJTOi ■ (v ti Ti! -rhy %hi&ma )| -ifiii/T\Ta.i 
Trapav4nti>y A HWffi riy rpirtfi S^i^, 
;U(7ifttti Ctfia! iriSiaay. 

10. J ya\LetiTt\t : Solon. 'So high 
waa the esteem in which Solon was 
held bj the Athenians as the founder 
of their social polity, that although 
many important reforms were effected 
St various periods, he still continued 

to he regarded as lie lam-giver (i niut- 
S*TT|i) and the wliolu body of Uwa 
passed undtr his name.' Smltli, Diet. 
0/ Aniiii. s.i: Nomothctes. Sea Scho- 
mann, I, p. 389. 

11. SiKiurruv £pKif: the formula 
for the jurors' oath seems to be cor- 
rectly preserved in all its esaenlial 
details in Dem. xxiv. 149 ff., where 
tiie words i^{pioSfxai Kari robt nf^ui 
Kii ri ^riflaiiara toJ S^^ou tbS 'Aflij- 
mdoB ical rfls fiouSijs tSr irtrraKoaltir 
stand at the beginning. Aeschines' 
TDUTo TpuTon IS, then, literally cor- 
rect. Cf. Dem. xnii. 2, lai. The 
judgment given in Lycurg. 3, as to 
what constitates the bulwarks of the 
republic, has an appearance of greater 
coniprehensiveness : rpla -ydp ^ori ri 

Sij^oifpttTlBf la! Til' : 

■! wdKen 


Tif{,!, Sfiri 


Toij TiiSiJc^^aTo vapoStSoZaa Hpliris. But 

diale purpose to lay great a 

one thing, the jurors' oath. 

this natural habit with Ihc 

•:/. Dem. xxiv, 4.) Then foltowe 

the natural dedaction, line 12, tm tm- 

■n]priBaiatv ol rifioi tJ irikti, o-ffftTni 

Kol TI SijHodpoTla. This cpiphonema 



r yc cu etSfus, on, an BiaTT}p7}0u)ai.if oi vofxoi ry iroXet, 

I 7 (TW^Ierai fCat 7) BrifioKpaTia. a ^pr/ Sia/j.i'yjp.ouivoPTa'; vp.a.s 

I p-iailv Tovs TO. vapa.vop.a ■ypd<j)ovra'i, Kat /jtjScc ijyeicrSat 

(jLiKpov eipai, t5>v TaiovTiav aSiKTj/J.arwi', dX)C efcaoToi' 

VTrtpp-iyeQe^ koX tovO' vp.S)v to StKatoi' pyjBdv iav av~ 

S uputTTOii/ i^ai,pf1<T6ai, fi.T)T€ Tcis ToJc (TTpaTrjyian trvirq-yo. 

pta.'it 0% eVi ttqXvv -ijBrj ^ofov (n)P7iyopovvT€^ tkti, Ttav 

^^^^arjTopoiV \vp.aivoina.i. Trjv TTokn^La-v, fii)T€ ra^ toiv ^iv<av 

^^^^Hijo^i;, o\><i^L^a^6fJ.evoi tlpc? eKi^evyovinv Ik Ttav 

clones the paragTRpli with <?cla[, nnd 
forms tlie olimaz of all the preceding 
argameiit. See on % tbjjia. 

e) Hrhortatiun to Ihe jntort la be firm, 
rtripf, aaii coascienlioHS. g§ 7, 8. 

§ 7* 1' SiC4tini|>ovEiS0VTas : Ki in § S. 
1, SuL —from beriinniag to end, i.e. not 
in a merely tranaitory way, 

2. rd irafMlvo|ia: g^neriu art,, us in 
SS 19'. '92' 

6, J(<up(C(rOiu : dcBoribes tlie activ- 
ity of ol 4(aiTit6iifVBi, § 196. — |ll]Tl 
•nis TW OTpaTTiTiwi' iruVT|Y<ip(ai : at- 
tached to fiTiScV' ii^piiirui> with a little 
irregularity of form for ^V* Toii 

because the orator is thioking of the 
(act rather than the persons. 

6. qTinj-yopoivrts ! see App. The 
generals of this time were very dif- 
ferent from those of the times during 
and immediately following the Per- 
sian wars. Then each general wus a 
citizen who was a general in the Geld, 
but a leading statesman in the assem- 
bly at home; and so had a double in- 
fluence and a double reaponsibilitj. 
Pericles was the most noted case of 
this. The geiiernls of this time, on 
the other hand, were obliged, for the 
most part, to belong to one of the 
i<ditical parties, relying on the orator 

of the party for protection at home 
during their abseni;e, and in turn pro- 
tecting tlie orator in the courts by 
their interncasion. Thus Chares and 
Charidemua were party aasotiates of 
Demosthenes, Phouion of Eubulus 
and AEschines. The orator in each 
party was its leader {r/. IJem, 11. zg, 
M''"? ^r^f^^il'' CKaT^pain, ma! o-TOOTiryJi 
tnrh TouT^), but the support of the 
general might be of the utmost im- 
portance to him. In the trial on the 
Embassy, Aeschines seems to have 
barely escaped through the inter- 
cession of Phocion. Cy. II. 1B4- Ou 
the relations between orator and gen- 
eral, cf, § ig6 and i. 133. 

7. \v|UilvavT(U Ti\v iroXtTclav: are 
making kuvoc n/ the ronstilution. Cf. 

t. 31. Lya. I 

in. 15. Act. 

iKi1K11trla.11. — rdt TM" ^VMV S<Tiirtw; 
the support of inHuentinl foreigners 
also was a source of safety. Cf. the 
case of Jason of Pherae and Timo- 
theus, Nep. Timoib. iv. 3. Perhaps 
Callias (_cf. § S6) is here intended. 

S, iu>Bpi.patotuv« ; used technically 
of a defendant bringing up friends 
to the bar to influence the jurors. Cf. 
Plato Apol. 34 d, i.KK S^Mi oia^v* ai- 
tUv Jeiifw ivaffiBaoifin'O! 8cii<ra/uu i/iAt 

r oiKt 


BtKaa-njpioii', Trapdvofiov iroXiT^lav vo\iT€V(Tafj:.a/ot • aW 

10 axnrep Sm u/itof eKaaTo<; ai(r;^w^£iij rrfv rd^tp Xtiretc f)v 

av To^O'y iv Tw TTok'ip.ia, oirrw Kai fui/ a[ir)(yv8rj7e fVXi- 

[ 8 SrjiioKpaTias ofres TTjiiSe t^v rjixdpav. KOLKelfo xprj Sta- 

1 p.inip.ovevtiv, on toict Trai^es ot iroXirot irapaKaTa6ep.€voi. 

I r^K TToXii- u/Atf Kat T^w TroX.tTet'ac SiaTnorevaatTes ol ^wi' 

I wdpeia-i Kat i-rraKovova-t T'^trSe t^s Kpta-^iwii oi Se an-et<rti' 

I 6 cjTt tSiv Ihiwv ipyaiu ■ o&? ala-)(Vp6fA,evoL Kat tcSi' opKOiv, 

■ ous o>iJ.6(raT€ pitfii/TjpievoL Koi to>v vofiiov, iav cfeXe'yftu- 

^^^^■AmifnTf fffoiraai, wliere Socrates ntludes civai. xpA Tofvuv jcal rairt tjjv i>iri rwv 
^^^^H'to the CQBlom of hringmg tip depc-iid- 
^^^^f tuit relalivee, as Aest^liinen brings up 

bis aged father ou the trial cunccrn- 

ing the Embaeiy. Cf. ii. 179. Deni. 

the orators are accustomed to re- 
fer to eiainpicB from moat recent 
timea without giving names. C/. 
SS 196, 352. Dem. Liv. 25. Dinartli. 
I. sS, 62. Provided the judgment of 
the orator ia not iu cooSict with iIiq 
verdict of the court in the case re- 
ferred to, names are given. Qf. Dem, 
III. 175-182; xsiv, i34,_>38. 

9. iroXiTilav iraXxTtiwaiuvaii : ust-d 
of tlie political actiriCy of the p^Toptj. 

10. T^v T(i£iv XimEv: prob, a aide 
thrust at Demoetheaes. Cf. § 159. 
Dinarch. i. 12, 71, Si repeat the stale 
charge of hmrra^la against Demos- 
thenes, If this compaiison was not 
an oratorical commonplace, Demos- 
thenes himself may be eaid to have 
furnished Aeschines with his weapon. 
Cf. Dem. XV. 32, ijfpf^t -yitp tV auT^ 
tX'" Sdyalai' Ifiai rwpi t^i it rff vaAi- 
'rtlif T([(eBi JitTTcp T<pi -nj! It mis ffT/m- 
Tilau Ix^t. Tl,„Bi,4<TTiKaSTn; i^,7s 
riy Kflwuvra TJ)* uitb Tol! trrfiaTTiyaS 

'poyiyy Tij.!- 1^1. T 

ToMTfilf TOpait- 

iy4yv- )>*(TO«aI 

sl Tta\nfuoii4rBus 

uXcyapjtufSt iTl/uiiis 

6p.h airaU >r<l»?n«ai 

For other exam- 

pies of this meUpl 

ur in the orators, 

see Westermann on 

Dem. 111.36. 

11. Tux^: forth 

subJT. Instead of 

the more regular opt 


12. ^"iXtMCts: cf. 

I. 7, Kol Tohvoi 

Toii yi^o-i! iyaypiH,-, 



13. tiJvSe ri\v ■ii^pay: with » 
what more stately effect tlian Hi/ttpBr. 
Cf. Plato Legg. 767 a, Hal ti»b Tfirat 
SpX"'' (iu'ajrT^j) "4 •i'''" foCXoi 7f7W- 

§8. 2. TrapiutoiToet|u VOL ; Immaijdt- 

poii'tfd, as In a bonk. Cf.i.-j (quoted 

(111 g 7. 13), 187, TJlv Tur yi^uy irapa- 

3. Bioirirrtvo-aVTts; Sii as in § 7. 1. 

Cf. 1. l88| ital ■'BVTif irepi Toir fieyltrail' 
diairiaiiiaa/ief ; Obs. the chiastic ar- 
rangement of tapaKOTaBeiityoi and Sia- 
iriBT»uifaVT(j. Ti)» noXiTtfaf, which 
with T^* TiiXii' is auperfluons, is put in 
only to round out tills arrangement. 

6. {{cU7£m|uv: Aeschines uses the 
pi. of himself again in § 50. 1, where 


fjttv KT7jcr(.</)iwtTa tat ■uapdvo^i.a y^ypatpoTa KaX xjievBij kqX 
d(TVfnj>opa T^ TToXet, Xvere, w auSpa 'A^iji/atoi, ras napa- 
u6p.ov<; yvaip.a'i, ^e^Satovre T^ TrdXei -j-^j/ BrjiioKpaTiav, 

10 KoXa^ere rous virtpai'Tio}'; Tow vo/noi? teal Tijl vfLerepa 
a-vfi^ipovTi TToXirevoyxeVoi;?. kcw ravTTjv cj^ocres T^i* Sia- 65 
cotac affovcnjre twc /i.^XXovrwi' prjOrjaea-dai koytov, ev oIS' 
oTi /cat Strata Kat euopKa koX crvfitjicpoi'Ta vfitv avrois 
\pr)<j)i€L<rd£ Kai irdaj) ry TroXet. 

9 Ilepl fikv oSi/ Tijs oXt^s KaTTjyo/Jios p.erpto)? fiot i\- 

trC^ia TTpoetp-qa-dai ■ TitpX Se txiirStv Totv vop-tov 01 kciktoi 

illils'a contraeted with i/uv, (lie jurors. 
Cf. II. 183, oujTi££oi irafl' i)ij.iir Kaniya- 

pllW. 1. 141, V (I'l^Tt Bll «b1 15^(71 Tl 

(jSi) i«(iiJffa>i(B Hal ffiiWD^H', \i(anir Ti 
■ol i5/it:j irtpi rai-roy. There is no 

certain case of this usage in Dum,, 
for in xsiii. 26, 61 the orator is not 
■peaking of hiniBpU nlone, as appears 

7 f. Tlie principal poitit of AeEchi- 
nea' oration is to prore that Clesi- 
phon's proposal confliets with exiet- 
ing laws, i.e. it conlaine iropcfvojia. 
Subordinate to this, hut in Aescliines' 
view very important, is the proof that 
the allegations of the hill are faUe, 
i^idGi], and that its pro;ioGal9 are con- 
trary lo (he best interests of the state. 
oriifi^opo. TMsenumeration supplies 
the place of the usual prothesia, which 
but for this, is entirely wantjog in this 
oration. See Blass. in. z. p. 183. 

9. pipaiovrt : since every encroach- 
ment on the constitution imperils the 
repubUc (cf. g 196. i U; Dem. kiit. 
■5)1 ti's jurors in opposing illegal 
bills are defending their own political 
freedom. • 

14. mur^ Tj irA«i: these last 
words, made emphatic by liypertiatoii. 
""" W theprooemium with strong effect. 

appealing: to the patriotism of the 
jurors as the highest principle. They 
retiiru to the key-note of the whole 
strain, presenting the speaker as a 
defender of the constitution and the 

The number of groups of two or 
three nouns strung together with 
Kal in this section is large enough 
(Ave) to constitute an inelegance of 
style. See on § 35. 8. Hermogenea 
(Spengel, RJittoret Oncef, U. p. 413), 
calls Aegchines i/ic\4irrfpi>s. 


First vtidvaner: Demoslhenes, at the 
lime vhen Clesiphoa brought foraiard hit 
fiitl, had not yet rendered hit aceount. 
S5 9-31. 

a) Origin o/Ike lav) against erouming 


§ 9> 1. Skrp: the indictment in 
general, contrasted with the aeparat« 
counts upon which the speaker now 
enters. C/.i.3,r. 

tos. For the same form of 

cf. Plato Phatdo, 111 c, ical (A-ui 



St. p. 
TTCpL TOIV V1T€vdvV(i)f, TtO-p OVS TO i|/ijt/>t{j-/ia Tvy)(avti 
yeypaifto)'; KTr](TLrj>o}i', Sta fipa^ioiv eiTreu' /SovXopai. 
6 w ya/) Tois iiinpaa-Sei/ xpouoi^ ap;^owe's Twes ras 
lifyCara's a/jj^as Kat ra? TrpotroSow? SiotKoOcTes. xat Swpo- 
SoKouvres TTt/it eKaara toutiup, TrpOCTXa^^afoi/res Tous T€ 
CK ToS pOv\eVTJ]pCoV pT)TOpa% KoX TOtI? CK ToC Si/yxou 
iroppcodtp TTpoKaTeXap^ayou ras ev^wa? CTratVots koI 

10 icripvypa<TLv, focrr' eV rat? eu^wcais «ts r^*" peyCoTrfv p-ei/ 
diropiov a.^iKv^(T9a.i Toil's KaTqyopov^, ttoXv Se cri //,a\- 

lOXov Tous SiKatrras. ttoWoI yap Tract; rwi' VTrevBvfwv cV 
avTO<f)(opM /cXeTTTat TtiJc Srjpo(riiui' j^pi^/xctTWi' oires cfc- 
Xey^OjLtecoi Sie^iiyyacoc e»c twi' Bwaa-TTjpicai'- et*corw5. 
■Qa-)(wovTO yap ol/xai ot StKaorat, et (fxtvijcriTai, avTO<; 

T V T^" ■ TiiiroBi y iv aiif fTi'iu irrA. — 
|UTp(u«i see on § i. 3. 

3. wBweu'vmv; a Tery adequate ex- 
planation of the word is given in tbe 
course of the diBcussioii. §§ 9-31. — rd 
ifif^iO'lia : his bill. Strictly only Tpo- 
eaikfiifia ae yet. Qf. g 23g, Before 
Aesuhinea began to apeak, the court 
listened to ilie reading of Clesiphon's 
bill, as well aa of the laws with which 
it was claimed to be ioconsiatent, and 
of Aeschinea' indictment, iripl ray 
iriMriiir would therefore be less 
abruptly introduced than might ap- 
pear to the mere reader. 

6 f. ctpxofTti . . . SuHKouvTtf: chi- 
astic arrangement. The parties, are 
attrib. up to jrpiiiT\ati,8ivovTis, which 
is circumstantia!. The collcctora of 
the revenue wonld of all magiatrates 
be most exposed to the temptation lo 
take bribes. The alllea of Alliens 
also fostered this vice by always aeek- 
ing to win politicians and party loud- 

B by gifts. — SupoSoKoiJvTii: an nl- 


lusion to the 

moat prevalent rot- 

tennoss in the s 

ate of Athena. The 

word is weariao 

mely freiiuent in the 

7 . irpCHT^aji^vavTt; : hi/ taking as 
partnira. ^ TDvt iK tou PovXivrriptou 
^'ropos: i.f- eloquent and inSuential 
memhera of the SduX^ (see Meier and 
Schiimann, All. Proc. 2d ed. p. 248). 

8. Tout (K Tou SifpAu : I'.i.theregnl&r 
orators, the parly leaders in tlie as- 

9. irpoiiaTt\ap.pawiv : anficipatt. Qf, 
§ 24S. '2. A aerioua investigation or 
prosecntion was no longer possible 
without making the people ridicnloiu. 

§ 10. 2. Svrn ■■ anppl. partic. after 
ii.\.yxi^iy«,. Cf. I. 113, <{<Myxftl 

3. Eu4>vYYavov; the ordinary legal 
term is h.llo^^^rftlv, ef. §§ 6z. 5, 193 f. 
(or a7r»^«y7df«i'. r/. Dem. ixill. 74). 
For the form ot the iwrb, cf. Kara^vy- 
yiiiTi, § 20S. 10. 

4. ]jo^svoin-o Yop : the real explana- 
tion of TToKh i' tn ijaKKov To]/i Sueoffris. 


6 dv^p en T§ aurp ttoXci, tu^ov Se Koi iv Tta avr^ 
ivtavT^, ■jT/janjc fxei/ trore ducLyopev6iJ.evo<; otl OTCi^a- 
vovrai aperi)^ iv€Ka koX SiKcuotrvin)'; imo tov S-^fiov 
\pixr^ a-T£<j)dvai, 6 Be auros dvrjp pLKpow iin(T)(iiv t^utjLp 
cV TOW BtKafTTTjpCov K^oTT^s eneKa rci? tvOvva'S tu<^X7ptc(u? • 

10 toore ^vayKa^ovTo Tr/v xpijipov i^epav oi ZiKatnai ov 
■nipX TOV vapovTQt; dhi.KijpaTO'i d\k' vnep r^s aia-)(yvy)i; 

11 TOV St^fjiov. KaTtBatv Se ti? ravra vopQderq<s Ti$7}<Ti v6p.ov 

§ 9. 11. The first thice lines of the 
pnrsgraph disturb the logical order. 
Though introduced by 711/1 they do 
□ot at nil explain the, perplexity (iiro- 
ptay) of the joTorE, and might better 
come at the end of the aeetion nith 
ffiirrt. The-Bhatne of the jurors would 
be partly explained by the fact that 
they themaelveB had constituted a 
large part ot the assembly that voted 
the crown. — d i^avrfiroVTai in-*.: a 

causal clause. Cf, §§ 14S. 0, 259, 3. 
GMT. 56; n. 926. Cf. Dem. tiu. 55, 
KBtrrn tyar/ iyaratrrH Kai tdSto, tl ri 

sBiietTai, tV S 'EAhiSa ^fMnrni apvi- 

6. Tvxo'v; perhaps. Ace. abs. G. 
278.2; H. 973. See App. 

7. aptrrjs Svma real EiKaionivi]t : a 
itanding formula for tnuias in the 
inscriptions {cf. CIA. II. lU A, 1- 
or fiknTiliiaz tytKit. Cf. iprrqi intita. 
Kol LvipayaBias, g| 41, 49. Cf. also 
§§ IJS. 246. 

8. i£(unv: more regular would 
be Hi^», Buppl. partie. co-ord. with 
krayafuiiitto!: consl. charged per- 
haps lo avoid the nccumulntion of 
pmrlicB. The sent, would hare shown 
more nervu with t^iimt ix tou iixanrn- 
flau omitted and A^Xqirior left as the 

o i,yarfapti6iitvos, "one 

day proclaimed, the next convicted." 
What is lost in vigor is gained in 
viTidness of presentation. 

9. KXairTJs fvcxa: a pointed con- 
trast to ipeTi?! triKo.. It is otherwise 
otiose, as the main point of the tu- 
Bivai was generally the question of 
K\oxii. See all the following discus- 
sion to g 32. — fuSu'vot li^Aiinit: c/ 
Andoc. I. 73, SnoiiBi tieiyai li'f'\av 
iipfavTct ipx^!- Perhaps formed after 
the analogy of the common legal 
phrase Jfin}v o^xelt. Common are 
<f^0il<'tti Solra, and tiBinti trixia- 
The penalty for appropriating public 
money was a fine of ten timet the 
amount stolen. Cf. Dem. xiiv. 112, 
(< ^/v Tii KAaitQs iy ToIi luBiyaii JiEXiu- 
Her Toury riff JtKBfXao-fo* filial. In 
case the money was taken as a bribe 
the penalty might be tlie same or 
death. Cf, Dinarch. i. 60, irfpl Hi tuv 

II. JirJp TTJs al<rx»VTit «tA. : lo tace 
the credit of the people, inrif and ittpf 
used almost interchangeably as in 
§ 165. 2 and often in Dem. Cf. Dem. 
I. 5. ah Tcpl tiini oiV bvipfiipous X^f 
Tokf^oiai,. Compare Dera. it. i with 
IV, 4J. 

III. 1. im[«ifltTiis:'-<- some states- 
man occupied with legislation whom 


Kal /AttXa Kakbtq e;^oiTa, tou SiappijSr/K avayopojoin-a tous 

vnevOvfov; fk^ ort^cwoCi'. koI rai^ra ovrot^ fv vpoicaT- 

eiXij^OTOs Tov vofj-oOijov evpyjVTat Kp€LTTOv<; rtfcs rtuv 

B v6p.(uv, ou; et yxTj ns u^tv e/jei, \-q(T€Tt €^aTTavyj6evT£<;. 

TOVTOiV yap [ticc?] twv tou5 vTTS.v6vvov<i orei^ctvoiJi^wf ot 

^ei^ t^vuu fi^Tptoi \_(.t(Tiv1, ei St^ 7ts p.eTpio'; rS>v to. -rrapd- 

vofia ypa^ovTiav, aXX,' oSi' Trpo^dWouTai ye n Trpo 

ttJs atcrj(ui'T7S- wpOTypdi^oviTi yap 7rpo5 ra >^ri^t(j-p.aTa 

<JT€<^ixvovv Toi' vireuOvvoi', iimBav \6yov koI tv9vva.^ rijs 

2 a.p^^'i Sw. »cat 17 ^cf 77d\is to ttrot' dSi'tojjua aStKeirat* tt^o- 

KaTaka.p.^d.vovTo.f. yap en-aiVots koi art<l>a.i'oi'i aX e.vBvva.1' 

o Se TO ijn]fjii.crii.a ypd^fxni^ iuS^CKvvrat toi? aKoi/'ouiTti' ori 

yeypai^ p.kv Trapdvojia, atcr^uveTat 8c e'l^' ots yf^dpTJ^K^, 

AeschineB does not see fit to name 
(cf. 5 44. 1) ; not neteassrily an o-b- 
acure person, but c er lain ly not Solon, 
who wnnld have been mentioned by 
name or called i voiiBBcn}!- See on 

2. Kal |uEXa xaXos fx"*'^"- ^^^ '"' 
§ 33. I. — Tiiv aira'yoptiiovTa : the art. 
would be jostifled by the considera- 
tion that the law had ju?t been 
read. See on ri ^fliii^o, § 9. 3. The 
existence of a law tuuh as AesuhineB 
here appeals to is ahowu by tbe re- 
mark in BD inacription coiitaining a 
proposal like Ctesjplion'e, Hal rtpl 
toiJtoi* Tirrar i-tii\f\iyiaT<u t^ Biafif 
Kol Ti? Sfiiiif, SfSmtf Si Kal rit (Mlliinf, 
CIO. No. 108. That this law was so 
often broken aa to he practically in 
abeyunce is shuitn by this section. 

3. vpoKBT(iAi|^Tot! made proeiiitn 
agaimt. Seeon »(ioH«T(Xi£>iBanii', Sg. I). 

4. nwif. see on § 1. 3. 

6. ode : with T.i'ti for antec., obj. 
of ipti. — \.ijr«T* j{(uran]D«'vT(t ; </l 

6. irT(i|KLVauVTuv : hent on t:rowuing ; 
pres. ot allempled action. G. 200, 
N. 2 ; H. 826, 

7. (tBt(: {/■mi;/j((H. 1037,4), uied 
to introduce an interjected limfting 
clause. C/§I55.S,eiSijNalDlroiiHifi. 
1. 51, d H r, T&. T«,a6Tuv i^i flhpin. 

8. cEMi' oSv: at teimt. H. 1048, S. 
Cf. § 86. 4, irpiSroM xp^roui oXV olt 
irpotrtmiaifi'&' vfuv flpoi ipi\oi. See App. 
— irpoPaXAeiTnL. . . (it(rx.iivi]S : cf. i. 74, 
o£to< ^fyroi Sraf irpii t^ dvtfyicp ra^p 

9. irpocryptu^ouri. : pul !n the addi- 

10. {iMiGoi' Uyov Kat (vSiivog Tijt 
dfxTJs 8^ ; not a Jir. qunt. .la in §5 31, 
203 — Uyov Kttl (JWvas : worda con- 
stantly ciiupled in this oration ; one 
used as the equivalent of the other in 
Dom. IV. 33. 47. Here the reference 
ia to the two boards before whom the 
accountj were presented, Xoymral and 
tBBwm. See Schumann, I. p. 407. 

§ 1S> 3= §9, 9 expressed paaai rely. 


Bt. p. 51 

VQ}i,ov Tov Trepi Ttuv inr^vOvvoiv Kcifievov koi Tfju irpo- 
tacrtv Tjv dpTt'cos wpouTTOv vptv avekwv, irplv \6yov ■npiv 
evOvvcL'; Sovfat, yeypa^^ pera^i) ^■qpocr6ivy]v ap^ovra 
13 Ae'fouo-i Se, Z di/Spe^ 'Adrjvaioi, irepov Tiva \6- 

yav vTrevavriov 7W dpTiati; ilprjpivf^, cos apa, ocra 7ts 
aiperh^ o>v irpdrrti Kara tjj7)<j)i<rpa, qvk eort javTO. dpyi) 
dW iiTipekeid ns icat SiaKoKi'a ■ dp^ds Se ^-qtrovcriv 

6. »irtfwrTi6i]Va» : used to paint the 
audacity of the defendant. Cf.§^ 200. 
8, 202. 2. Dem. iiiii. 73. The ordi- 
nary word would be vapaSatrtir. Cf. 
§ 194. 7, jtapaTnitTianar. 

7. wpU XoYDV itply (vtvvos Boiivcii: 
tlie single thought, Xil-yov xai tiBiras 
SouMii (c/ § 11. 10), is, for oratorii^Hl 
eSect, leparated into two members. 
Cf. I. 32. toiStbui oS» ;jf/p>« 4iri ToS 
ftS^WTot, Tofiropr 4Ta70pti(ei ni Bijutj- 
Topt:*. Cy. Comiflciui, It. 34, quae 
cjuBdera rerbi redintegratio 






8. ruTO^ii: though modifying 7^- 
ypefi (G. 227, n. 1 ; H. 976 a) is felt 
as nn xljunot of the partit. Iti aep- 
aralion from ipxarra makea it em- 
phatic. "In the very year of liis ad- 
DiinistTation," when Of course the 
giving an sccount waa an impoaai- 

b) Eefutation of the first tupposed 
evaaion ofikt defendant, i-iz. Ihiii De- 
nosthent^ offite VMS nol an ifxf), and 
lltal ht, therefore, waa not trtiBvras. 

a t3-A 

] 18> Since palpable illegality re- 

quires no proof, the apeaker turn 
once with the figure i-jKutaritXTii^i 
the posaibie or probable evaa 
{iFTifltVfiO of the defendant, 
cuiatio is confined to prac 
cupatio in the place of re 

1. l-npdv nva Xd^ov ' " different ex- 
planation, i.e. different from the gen- 
erftl exposition of the law just giren 
(t^ apritBS fipTiniy^^- Cf. I. 121, cte- 
poc G' iyd 0-01 JtirniBaUl \6yar. DemoB- 
thenes' line of defence ia not correctly 
anCicipated. He frankly conf eases 
himself ireievfus (cf. Dem. AViil. 
Ill), leaving this part of Aeschines' 
speech ' in the air.' 

2. opa: gives a tinge of irony. Cf. 
§ 54. 4. 

3. olptTot : x"P'>'^'>''Vr'>i aie oS.uiala 
chosen by the BBsembly of the whole 
people, oipcToI are officials chosen by 
each 'fii^Jj. Cf. g 30. The (iuAnJ were, 
in the preaent case, rcqueiled by a vole 
of the aasembly (vari ij^fmr^) to 
choose r(i;toiroial. Qf. § 27. Demoa- 
thenes was chosen by his tribe Fan- 
dionis. Cf. S S'- Ttixmroml were 
prob. chosen only for special occa- 
sions. See Woolaey on this passage, 
in Bibliutheca Sacra, VII. p. 429. 

4. dpx<w: prod, after eNbi. 



6 ixdvas T cTvai as ol Oca-fiodeTaL diroK\y}pova-iv iv tw 
d)j<rciQ», KaKEwas a? o Sijyxo? [j^etpoTOfet iv dp)^aipecriai^, 
aTparrjyovs koI linTdp)^ovs Kat tcL; fxerd tovtoiv a.p\d.<;, 
Tixs o' a^Aas rauras Trpayp.a.Tiia^ wpooTtTayfJiei/a^ Kara 
li^i}niTpa. iyoj 8e Trpos tows Xdyous 70U5 tovtoiv vofiov 
vfieTcpov -rrapi^opai., hv vp-cis ivofjuoOtTrfaare Xutreti- 
Tjyovpo'oi TO.'; rotauras Trpot^acreis, ew w hi^pp-qB-r)v yi- 
ypaTTTaf "ra? -^(i.i.poTOvrjTa.'i,' i^T^triV, "ap^as" diracras ect 

5 TT€pika^i>v ovofiaTi koI Trpo^nrinv dp\a.^ CLTrdiras elvai, 

as O &7jpOS )(€tpOTOV€l, '' KoX TOUS tVlO"TaTaS," ■^'JCTl, '' Tt5v 

5. /kiIvm: subj. of ilrai. For the 
gender, see H. 632 a. — toTuAirtu : 
six of tbe nine arclione, tqual to the 
other three in rank, but nut each 
marked bj siich special functioBB. 
See Schiimann, I. p. 410. — iiroKXTipov- 
oTiv: after tlie full developniout of 
the demouracj at Athena only a few 
offlcera, like tlie generals and the 
chief flnance-miniBter, were elemeil 
(Xfip'noi'TtTol) ; nearly all were desig- 
nated by lot (xKiipuToi). The draw- 
ing of the lota took place annually 
under the supervision o[ Che SianaSi- 
TQi in the Tbeaeum, where nil citizens 
who desired to he conatdered as candi- 
dates assembled for the purpose after 
handing in their names. See Schu- 
mann, I. p. 402. 

G. opxa^o-loM : ek»ioBS of magit- 
Iralft {i.e. the x*'/'"^'""'^''^' l)^'^ 
Dearly half a year before the time 
of their inauguration, which took 
place at the beginning of the Attic 
jear, the first day of Uecatombaeon 
(July, eoe on § a?. 5). Over the 
assembly where the generals were 
elected all nine arcbons presided. See 
Svbamann, I. p. 300. 

7. rds iiFrd, tmituv <ipx'^ ' subordi- 
nate to the QTpaTnyol and Tinrapxoi 

were the raiiafx" »"^ *i/Xiipx«. for 
infantry aad cavalry respectively. Cf. 
Dem. ly. s6, 

5. irpaY)uiT<ta( : pred. like i,px^ 
line 4. The word is chosen tike hrr 
^(Atm and tinvovla (line 4) to make a 
factitious contrast to ipX'A. iuii'ness v$. 

§ 14. 1. vo'iMiv ii|i^ripav: the jurors 
are skilfully arrayed against the de- 
fendants, with the sharp contrast, their 
tatk, your lain. The following tel, 
clause, with the cnipiiatic u^tti, makes 
the antagonism alill more explicit. 

4. i^irCv ; says lif, sc, the law-giver. 
Superfluous inaertiou after ^^t^tvo', 
exactly as in Deni, ix. 44, iW ir tchi 

$ijol "TtflvdrB." Cf. § ai. 2. A good 
parallel is the redundant use of Kng. 
'aays he 'by many story-tellers. — of- 
XM- equiv. to KpxoT*! snd co-ord. with 
liriatiTia (line 6), both being aubjs. of 
&PX'": § IS' 2. Ill' trrp^""- % IS- *■ 
E. irpOfiwBV; pronoancing at the very 
outset. Of. Dem. xxiii. 25, kbI vpoti- 
Triiw i SiUrhv pillar " iir itomeirt" 
Kpisir TifTral-nKfU iiuns. — ctp\M : pred. 

6. J'Twrarat: not to be confounded 
with the officers mentioned in the note 
on itptaTnuirat, § 2. 3. 


Bt. p. 65. 

Zj]fs.o<TUiiv epyoiv" iari, Se o ATjfioa-Bdur)'; ret^oTroios, 
ejTiCTTaTTjs ToO /lieyicrrou tZp epywu ■ " kcu irain-a^ otroi 
Sia^eipi^ova-t n tcov t^s TroXcM? TrXetc ^ rpia.Kov0' y)p.4- 

10 pa5, *cac ocroi \a[ifidpov(Tiy rf/Eixovia^ BiKaa-TvjpCwp ■" ot 66 
Se Ttoj/ epyosu iTTi.(TTa.Tat. TravTes rfyep-ovLa. ^^pwirai Si/ca- 

15 trrfjpCov ■ tl tootqu? kcXcuci Troierc ; ov StaKoveiK aXX' 

"ap^eiiV BoKi,p.a(r9ePTa.i; in t^ S tf n(rr7jpttu," eTTCtS^ Kai ai 

KXTjpairal o.p\al ovk dBoKip-auToi dXXd SoKLp.aiT9ei(TaL 

dpj^ovai,, " Kol \6yov koi evBvva^ €yypd.^€i.v Trpos rov 

5 ypa^paria koI 7ovs XoytcrTa^," KaOd-rrep koI rets aXXa? 

7. fm; note the pres. tense. See 
Inlrod. § 28. 

10. i]Y<|u>vCat Guiaim]pCi«v : this 
conBisted in the power to receive a 
complaint, to prepare the case for a 
hearing and to preside at the trial. 
See LQbker, Beallexikon des dasslschen 
Mifrthums. S.I'. in^^oyiu, 2, Of. Ariat. 
Pol. it. 16, 4, loTi ai D^SJ TdOxD tie- 
ptaai p4^ioy, xilai Sfi KaKiii' ipX<il- 
nAXiera B* &s airAop; tlvflv °^x^^ Kiif 

furSai T( iripl tivuv koI KpTj'oi Kal ^iri- 


§ 15> 1. ou StaKovttv clXXa : words 
of the speaker, put in to give pnint 
to ipxtii-. 

2. apx«v: the emplialic word to 
which the whole argument leada up. 
Prob. in the law to which Aeschinea 
refers, the atress waa on imti/ixseir- 
TBi, ipxitv being used loosely. He 
makes a shiliul but unfair use of the 
phraseology of the law. In alraining 
this point be weakena his case, for 
the other office of Demoathenes waa 
prob. indiapotably an 4p;(A- ^/- % H- 
4, t))» iri Tif flfiufJUif dpxV. — iv rif 
SiK(urn|plt|> : Saniinurla for [he higher 
jDftgiitrates took place before the 
'k where any citizen could object 

to the candidate (questions of birth 
anij character only being raised). The 
SinanTipm was then open to the ap- 
peal of the candidate or of the chal- 
lenger. For interior magistrates the 
whole matter was prob. settled in the 
SucairTitpiop. See Schomann, I. pp. 
403, 407. Meier and SchSmann, All. 
JVoc. pp. 236-248. JoKi^iairla, bb a pre- 
liminary, and iSSayBi, as a sequel, of 
a magistracy surrounded the Athe- 
nian civil service with theoretically 
perfect safegoardB. — ^irtkSi) . . . ipX' 
ovcri : apparently aenaelesa words. 
Prob. iio( a clause of the law loosely 
quoted. Aeschines aeema to be mak- 
ing the useless point that Sotriiiairla 
was as universal as cCButai, applying 
not only to the officials mentioned but 
even (naf) to the KKjipanal ipx'l. Pos- 
sibly the underlying thought here as 
well as g 29. Q is that Soxiianriit implies 
3.ipx''- ^/- ipx-i', ^ '4- i- 
5. YP°'H'I"''''*''^ ' I'l^- city -clerk, elected 
by the people, acting as comptroller 
of the XoyiffToJ and reporting to the 
aeaembly. The clerk of the ^071- 
fTTuI cannot be meant, for he would 
not be mentioned before the tknyi- 



St. p. a 
ap^ds. OTt Se aX.T)$rj Xeyw, rous vo/aou? vfitv av70u? 


'Orai* Toiwvy u> avSpeq 'Adr}va.ioi, ai 6 vofLoQtrq^ 
apj^as ovofid^^L ovtol irpocrayoptvoxri irpayfiaTeiai; Kai 
iiTipeXfiai;, Vficrepou CjOj^oi' eoric dirop.vrjfLoi'eveiu kcll 
dcriTaTTeiv top v6p.ov vpo'i Tr)i' Tovratv duaiSeiau kcu 
vTTo^dWeiv ourot?, on oil vpotrSe^io-de KaKovpyov dv- 
dponrov Kol (ro<ftt<rrr)v otofievov p-^fiairt Tov^ vopov^ dvai- 
pTjiretv, aX\' oirai dv rt? dp-eivoi/ Xe)^ Trapdvofia ye- 
ypa€J}ot^ TOtroiJTQ) fieC^ovo-i opyij^ reuferai. ^r/ ydp, ai 
ai'Spes 'AOrjvalot, to avTO <^94yyi(j6at. roe p-qropa KuX 
TOP i-d/xof OTav Se irepav ph/ (fjcoinjv dffifjj 6 v6po<; cTe- 
pac Be 6 p7}To>p, Tat Tou vopov Zixatta -)(pr) Si§dcai ttji* 
>ljrj())OP, ov T^ ToiJ XeyoiTO? dvai<T)(yuna. 

6. jn U Uym: formula in the ora- 
tors for introducing documentarf evi- 
dence: equiv. to Ira t' liS^rc in Xcyai, 

c/. s§ M, 184. 187. 

7. avUYViwriTaL ; sc. 6 ypaii/iarea!, 
the clerk of the court, C/. § 124 J?n. 
For the amlaalon of the aubj,, cf. Xen. 
A». i. z. 17. 

§ 16i 1. nlrm'- Introduces a logi- 
cal conclusion. Cf. gg 23, 40, 48; 1. 
51, 89; II. ao, 56, 85, 91, 171. More 
commonly need to introduce a aeti 
line of thought. Cf. §§ 19, 27, 32, 
77! >- 13. S3. 'O'. '06. '5°; "■ "*S. 
Sonietlmea slmplj' to continue a nar- 
ratWe. C/- §§ 69, 94; i. 145, 151 ; 11, 
47, 5S, 108, 

3. vfUTtpov fp^av JtrA.! cf. i. 176, 
aiiJrepov IF ffp-yoK TTpbi toCtb iiriKTii- 
X^u, which contains the same mili- 
tary metaphor. 

5. KOKOvpyov ovSpuiral' ical roilH- 

: c/. § « 

Otp^Ot fi^tf^Ul 

Kol TfX^fTIIV ^dyUP. g 172. 10, D&TOffl 

j ir(/jlep7oi nrI iruna^dtTT}!. I. 1 19, j 

115, tro^uTToS. 164, i oopii BJTO\»t. 
DemoBChenes' sophistical Etwimt is 
in each case intended. The orators 
praise the skill of an antagonist with 
the purpose of putting the hearers on 
their guard, t. 175 is an interesting 
case of tfiis device. 
6. miiacn: phrase,. Cf. §§ 92, aoa. 

9-12: a line sentiment, closing thii 
topic with eclat, giving the speaker 
an opportunity for an effective paase. 
Soe on § 6^'n. The dramatic form 
by wliich the rebuke ndniinistered to 
Demosthenes is put into the tnouths 
of the jurors, as in § 23, is very effec- 
tive. The whole section is in Aeschi- 
oes' best maimer. He is not contented 
with disputing his antagonist's post 
of the 

n regard ti 

le meaning o 


PI? npo5 Se S'^ Tov d<j)VKTOv X.dyoi', Of ^ijiTi Ai)/xo(T^c'- 

pyj^, ^pa)(ea ^oijkofJLaL TTpoeLTTEu; \e$€L yap ovraiq ■ "t«- 

■' ;(07roios eifit, ofJ-oXoyiu • a\X' eirtScSiyKa rp TrdXei ^ca? 
tKarov Koi to epyou /^ti^oi' i^^ipyacrrai. rtVo? oSc ci^i 
5 yTTCu^wi/o? ; el p.-q ns eVni' euvot'as tvOvpa.'^ Trpos S^ 
TaifTT^i' TT^v iTp6ij>a(TLP aKoviTaTe nov XeyofTO? (cat oiVata 
Ktti u/Liii' (Tvp-tpepovra. ec yap ravT^ t^ irdXet ovrais dp- 
^aty owtTT^ fat njXiKaurjj to piyi.Bo'i ouSets iimv awTieu- 
Bvvo'i tSiv Kai onaxrovp irpos ra Kotva irpocreKrjXvuoTdiv. 

■"OtA ifxh i^'-is's KOT kyutparfiu'). He 
puts the law and his antagonist in 
sharp tonirnst, to show the wanton 
lawlessness of the men who coulil 
attempt such an evasion. This con- 
Btilnlea iiiaTpoirfc jn9' hutpSahiJ!. 

e) RtJUtation of the second supposed 
evaiian of the defindant, vh. that De- 
moslhenfs, having trpendtd kia otcn moaei/ 
in the pablic serrice, ifios therefore not 

§ 17. 1. Jt^miETov XdVv: a refer- 
ence to the Bophietical art and confl- 
dence of Demos tlienes, Cf Plato 
Ealhi/d. 270 e, where the auphist says, 

— ov 4<)n Ai)|uirWvi]s ' as Demosthe- 
net catU it, sr. ipaKTor tlvai. Prob. a 
genuine case of anticipation of the 
argument actnallj used in Dem. tttii. 
Ill ff. The case ha<I been tnlkeil over 
■o much in the six years dnring nhich 
it had been pending, that each orator 
knew his opponent's line of argument. 
See Introd. § 28. 

2. X^£(ia(^k>t: the object of intro- 
ilacing the antagonist as speaking is 
not merely to lend Tiridness to (he 
argument, bnt rIeo to lot him »how 
an oReneiie boldness. It is a phase 

3. (l^l£: for tense, see on | 14. 
7. — cmScScAKa : have given orer and 
ii!iure the publio Rpproprintion. — |im( 
fKBTov: no account sliould be taken 
of the epuriouB docament in Dem. 
KVtu. ii3, acn. to which Dem. is said 
to have given three talents. 

4. |ut!;ov : i.e. more exlcnsive than 
the i^^^ur/ia demanded. 

6. TTfot S>i: a resumption of rpii 
Si if,, line 1. 

7. dpxal^ Kal TT|Xi,KavrQ : not mere 
laudator; epithets. "Here is a state 
that has innumerable magistrates, and 
yet the principle of nniversal accoun- 
tability has been in existence from 
time out of mind." The size and an- 
tiquity of Athens are a frequent boast 
with the orators. Cf. Isocr. iv. 13, 
4/i8Ao7(TTiu Tijr wAiJi ^/i£v apxamri-mr 
fhai mti ntyltTTT)" «bI rapi irSffi dvBfiii- 


■ 35. 

aey (sc. Theseus), ffiffr" In Kal pSy iw' 
iHflmu td3 xpiyoii lieylarity rSy 'EWti- 
ytSay tlyat. Attic writers prefer ttjAi- 
koEJtoi to toooEtoi in connection with 
/..Vft-i. Cf § 77. 1. De>n,_ IX. 67, 
Tfi^tta^TTjy ^yt'ivBta Tri\iy oiKuy vh 

AI5XIN0Y RATA KTH21*0NT02 i8, 19. 
18 SiSa^cu S' vfia^ TrpwTOP tVJ Ttui' napaBo^tDv, oTov tows 


I tepeis KO-i Tas lepeta? ujtcu^ui'ovs cli'at (ceXcuei o folio's, 

1^^^ Kat a-vWtj^Siju aTTovra^ icaX x<apU exaoroi/s Kara a-a>fj.a, 
^^^^B TX)us ra yepa /iofov Xa/^/Safoi^a; Kat Ta; Eu;^as uttc^ 
^^^V B u/iui' TTpbs Toi/? deov'i €V)(op.evov^, koI ov p,6vov Ihuf. 
■ a\\a *cat Koivjj to. yevy, Eu^oWtSas Kal K-qpvKO.'i koI 

I 19tou5 aXXouf aTTavra<i. trdkiv 7011? T/>t7?papj(ovs vnevdv- 

^^^^ i'ov5 slcai fceXeuet o fo^os ou ra fcoti'a Sia^^eipi'^otras 
^^^^L ovS' ixTTO Twi' vp-erepoiv ■rroWa fikv v<t>ai,povfia'ov<; fipa- 
^^^H j(ca 8e Karon^OTas, eVtSiSocat Sc ^da-Kovra^, diro- 
^^^B £ Si8d»a-a$ S^ v/xu/ TCI vpArepa, dX\* o^oXoyov/icvu; ras 


i 18. 1. iiA tA- h 

ra where you mould le 
olov:/or intlance. 

5. Kali <rv\Xi]p6i|v aira>Tai koI x^P^ 
^KooTovt KaTd<rB|UL: ind'ividuaUy and 

4. rotl« rd Yt'pa Xa)ipdvotTat : Iha 
expiaaalion of ^irl rar irapati^aiii. yjpa 
^ Itpriaim, perquisites. In some cases 
theee were by no means contemptible. 
See Sthiimann, I. p. 428. Since in 
many cases Ibe SipftaTUtir fell to tbc 
stale (see BSekli, Public Economy 0/ 
the Atheniaas, Bk. lU. e. vii./«,), the 
main object ol the investigation might 
be to ascertain vrhether the prieal bad 
purloined any of it- — rds «vx<>c: y*- 
I. 23, iireiSlw ri nBipviov mpitytxSi 
Kal i lijpui rii rarplavs eixis (KfTjTot. 

6. Td-yiifl]: appDS. to IfptT!. Prieat- 
cocporations orfamiliee in distinction 
from individnals : i.e. a repetition of 
the thonght of line 3. The Eumolpi- 
dae claimed descent from the mythi- 
cal son of Faaeidon or of Triptole- 
mus, EumolpuB, who after a victory 
established the Eleusinian mysteries. 
Tbe Ceryces claimed descent from 
Ceryi, a ion of Bnmolpiu, bat wor- 

shipped Hermes also as ancestor. Cf, 
PauB. i. 38. 3. 

5 19. 1. woXiv: furtliermDre. Cf. 
§§ 20, 21 ; I. 139, 151, 157. 162. De». 
m- 33.44. 64. 141. 

3. ov rd Kaivd. SLaxiLpCtavroc : an 
exaggeration, inasmuch aa the [rier- 
arclis, at this time, received from the 
state not only the ship and tackle, 
but also the pay for the crew. M 
Tuv TiBpv.i/t\mii would hardly apply to 
this case. See Schumann, 1. p. 426; 
B^ckh. Bk. IV. c. Ki. 

3. ov8a' : neg. extending to the four 
following concessive parties., of which 
two {ii^nxpovikivoo^ and ^d^HOvrar} 
might be taken .as subord. to the 
other two. And ailhoiigi Oity do not, 
while Jitdiing much, appls UltlB, and 
urkile ajftrmitiy that tiei/ are tnating 
Jou a present, merely give you baet 
your oii:n. Abundance of participles 
is characteriittic of Aeachiaes. Cf. 
5 149- 

4. KaTdTie^VTM : expend. Cf. § 13. 
8, Knidniai. — FtnSiBo'vai ; bitter 
thrast at Demosthenes. Cf. % 17. 3. 
— oirtiSiSoVTas : restoring. See on 
iiaiiluai, § Sj. 6. 

i warptaa' 


Trarpwa? ouirta? eis r^f Trpos vfj.a<; dvrjXoxoTa'i <J}I.\otl- 
TOLfVi' fiot'ot ol Tpi-qpap\Qi. aXka. Kai to. pi- 
ytora Ttav eV t^ iroXet aw^hpUDV vtto rijv toiv St/caonj- 
20pL0}v ip^tTai i/r^^oc. TTpMTOv pku yap rrfv jBovkrjv -njv 
iv 'A/aet'w ira.y(a eyypaijSeu' tt/jos tous Xoytoras 6 fo/xo; 
ifcXcuei Xdyoi/ Kai eu^Jva?, Toy aet a-Kvdponrov kcll rStv 
fieyLtTTotv Kvpiav aytnv vtto t^v vperepav tjirj^ou. ovk 

6. (It Ti]* TpDI u)tat i|iiXoTL)LCav : far 
lacM OHilag upon you. Thia if.i.' 
of Ihe trierarcha, conspituous in Ihe 
Peloponnesian war (c/ Thuc. vi. 31), 
was in tlie time of Demosthenes 
prett; nearl; a, thing of the past. 
The trierarchy was s duty wliich 
nearlj all lought to shirk. For a 
conepicuoua eioeption, cf, [Dem.] li. 

wSXir Toii Tpit)piipxai!, iyii iii" /k tSui 

aiS4v. — avi|X.UKOTai : obs. Ihe unu- 
Bual position, by which Ihe emphasis 
is reserved for tpiXannlav. 

8. Jird niv toy GiKa<m]pl(>v i|'ii4''"' ■ 
the chief auditing honrd, XoyiuTol (see 
on § II. ID), in case of a discovered 
deficit, instituted a suit against the 
delinquent; and, even in caee of a 
favorable issue of their auditing, 
were wont to appear iu the general 
assembly of Ueliasts, witli the mag- 
istrate rendi'ring the account, and 
invite any man who wislied to pro- 
test against its final ratiflcation. Cf. Dem. jcviii, 117, .Ttb ™- 
pAv^ trt p,t tlariyov ol huyitrrai, ob ko- 
Ttiyiptis; See Meier and Schomann, 
Aa. Proc. pp. 259 ft.; Stihomann, I. 
pp, 407 H. 

9, fpx<T<u: in agreement with the 
nearest subj. Cf. Dem. in. 4, roKKwy 
Si\iywricii\ 9t<fiBou Jiyy-iiivnu. G.135, H.607. 

§ 20. 1. niv PovXi^v Ttjv h 'Aptlv 
imyiii : this aneient council, estab- 
liahed by Solon with powers very 
similar to those of ttie Ephors at 
Sparta, of general oversight of the 
•constitution and the morals of the 
magistrates and people (see Scho- 
mann,I.p.332),hnd had a career very 
different from tliat of the Ephors. 
From the great curtailing of its pow- 
ers by Pericles and Ephialies dates 
perhaps its aecoun lability. See 
Buckh, Bk. II. c. viii. Along with 
the loss of its powers, it had abated 
no wliit of its andent gravity (cf. rir 
£e1 airoepiinrii'), which was now about 
all it liBiI left to distinguish it. Cf. 
the interesting narrative, i. Si-84. 
See Schfimann, 1. p. 34Q, and on 

3. Tiv o-miflpsHro* : see App. There 
is no reference to an affected or exag- 
gerated gravity, as in Ek, Matlk. vi. 16, 
Aesthines here, aa elsewhere, ipenka 
of this council in terms of great re- 
spect. Cf. I. 92, SiarfKti tdCto ri nvi- 
Spiat tiSoKifiovn ir Tp Tri\n. — TtW fltyl- 

this period. 

4 f. owe tCpOi o-rnfmviijfliio-fTai jtrA. : 
)■( it yuiag lo be a-owaed, thtn, is it not? 
Rhetorical questions, 90 common in 
Demosthenes' public harangues, are 
more sparingly used by Aeschines. 
C/ §§21, .74f., 178. 182. 186, 197. 


B a/)0 (rT€^a.vii>6"i}<TtTa.i ij ^ovXi) r) e'f 'A/aet'ou Trayov ; ovBe 

yap TTCLTpiov au70ts. ovk apa tjuKoTifiovvrat ; irdvv ye, 
aXk OVK ayaironXLv iav Tt? Trap avTot<; p-T) aSt*cp, dW 
eai' Tt5 i^''Q Kokatflvtriv • ol hi vp.(TepoL pijTOpe^ 
Tpv^Siui. irdXip T-rju ^ovX.ijy tou? Treiraffoo-tous vnevBv- 
\%\.t'Ov TTftToiqKev 6 vopooiTij'i. Kat ou7(i)! io^upws ci7rii7T«t 
TOis VTTfvBvvot^, auTT cvdv; dp^^optvo^ tS)v vopatv Xe- 
•yei- ^^ dp-)(rjv vTT£v6vvov" ^Tjat, "prj diroBrjpelp." Si 'Hpa- 
kXci?, VTToKdfioi dv Tis, on ■^/ifa pr) dTToSrjpijiTO} ; Tea ye 
5 pr/ Trpo\a0wv jfp-^para rrji ttoXcms ^ Trpd^ei.^ Sparrpw 

5 f. obSc Yap: neg. correBponding 
lo Eal yep in tifilrmatiye clauees, witli 
ellipsis of at aTeipai/ti!8^)ttTai, tlie an- 
swer to the question. See Kr. Spr, 
09, 32, 21. Cf. Plato Mmn, 80 e, 

aCTi t oUei' oUrt A /iii nlBti'. oBtj yip 
Kf^' 6 oTSi ftri.:- olSe^iip, ofif S /.il 

6. irarpiav : word cliosen (n eniphn- 
Bize the AreopagileB" regard for tra- 
dition and precedent. Cf. i. 83, ijf.ti'i 
/til- al 'A/>t<nra->rTa< o6t( icaTi7>0(>oiifiEi' 
Ti^ifipjyoif oCiTC &irii\ayo6m&a • oil ydip 
^//.tv virpiar, Tlie crowning of the 
Areopagites was prohibited by tlie 
mere fact tliat tliey were life-magia- 
tratea, and so had no sooner accounted 
for one year's doings than they were 
already reaponsilile for those ot the 
ensuing year. 

7C. /.e. they have aiobition en ougli, 
but it sliows ilaeU In this way; Clieg 
are no( eoHlealed \fom o/ihtir members 
conimils no crime, but thei/ punish kirn 
i/he makes a mitlake. 

9. Tpw^nrt: pal on oim. Cf. Dem. 
II. 4. avuBcBmfv Ik tovtok ^y (li* 
tais iitfy-rifflais Tpvpav Jcai iio\atti6fo3at. 
— Tovs iriiTTiitoo-Imu ; the senate ad- 
niinistered the greater part of the 

state's affairs, particularly its finance. 
They had the initiative in evetylliing, 
deciding what should be brouglit be- 
fore the assembly. See Schiimann, L 
pp. 371 ff, ; Biltkh, Bk. II, cc. i„ in. 
§ 21. 2, Tuv vo'iutv: I'.B. the laws 
concerniDg the accountability of mag- 

3. apxijv ilirnSwov : majislrati lia- 
ble to he mlleil to account. Cf.%31.6. 
See on 4pK«, § M- *. 

3. |i^ airaSriiuiv; for Inf. in lead- 
ing ciausee in laws etc., see GMT. 103. 
— ia'Hp<u[X«s^ cf, Suid. >.v. 'Hpdnfius, 
ax'TMaoTiti, <pui4- Witll tlufl oalU 
the orator gives hia speech a papular 
coloring. Cf. i. 49. Dem. ik. 31. 

4. |iii ir<roSTijit|V» ; avit would be 
eitpected but for tlie fact that the 
phra&e is an indignant taking up of 
the clause in the law y.), i-KaSiiiietr, 
what ! not go out af Ihc comtlry f — t*a 
■y«' : thai at ang rate. 

5. wpofttt: political intereiti. One 
who steals the funds o[ the state doe* 
it a less injury than lie who betrays 
its secrets to tlie enemy aa Aluibiadei 
did (Tbac. ti. 91). Cf. Dem. xa. 
'33i *iMn™i ii vo\4/iau irBioiiiti/oi 
tlfrfiiniii Topi rail' xorXoiiKTiBC ris ■pdfni 


f XPV^- T^f^^i-^ vTT€v9vvov oiiK CO, Trjp ovuloLV KaBupovv 
oySe duaOrjixa dvadelvai ovB' iKTroCfjTov yevea-ffai, owSe 
8ia0ea-6ai. to. iavTov ouS' dWa. iroWd ■ Cfl Be X6y(i) ive- 
^vpa^ei ra? ovtri'as 6 vofi.oOerrj'i ras Twv inrevOvytoy, Iwg 
33 Sf Xoyou airoSoJiTt t]j 7ro\ei. I'at aXX* ecrri 7(.s dvOptoTro? 
OS our' elkTjipev ovSei' twi' Srjfioa-Uay ovt dvqXoiKt, irpocr- 
7JX.6f oe TTpos Ti T&li' KOLviav. Kai Tovrof aTrofjiepeii 

KcKevtt \6yov Trpo? tolt? Xoytoras. 

I TTWS O ye /iT^I 


5 ka^aip p-fjB' tif aXtotras tiTroio'et Xoyoy rp TrdXei ; auTos S7 

vvo/SdWfi Kol SiStio-Ket 6 p6p.o^ a jf^pT/ ypdijitLV weXeuet 
ydp avTO touto iyypd^uv on ''ovt eXa^ov oySec twv 717s 
TToXews out' ai^'Xcio-a." auoi^yfoi^ Se Kal d^tjTTjTov ovBiv 
icTTi rSiV ev Tp TToXet. on Se aXij^ij Xe'ytu, avTwi' aKov- 
10 (TttTe r&if vofjLwv. 

6. mbrtav KaSupovv : prob. a whole- 
sale dedication of property to eacape 
Juit claims, not a pretended dedica- 
lioD like that ij whicli the Jews were 
wont to eicape sapportiog dependent 
parentB. Cf. Ev. Mallh. xy. 5. For 

, a case of dedicatioD of considerable 
property bj a will, see Newton, Essoi/» 
on Art and Archaeology, pp. 169 S. 

7. (inrdfa|Tav -ynrtrfai; a father 
could give hia own eon, proTided he 
WBi free-born, to nnj Athenian citi- 
zen for adoption. The aon was called 
<«»o£iiTDi with reference to bis own 
father, and ilirnetiirBt with reference 
to his adoptive father. See Meier and 
Schumann, j4r(,Proe. p. 541. The law 
provided that the adoption of a rich 
man's son by a poor man should not 
be uaed to deprive the state of the se- 
enrity which Ihe rich man's eatate gave 
it in case his eon proved a defiiuller. 

8. EuiS^ir^at : diipoie of. Cf. l8o:;r. 
IV. 42, nai roXAfli iireplai oBtmi ri 

V xpi, SiaBiaeai ri S" Meet 

fiaayayMai. — ivixupolfi : 'oitt in 

§ 23. 1. vaX iXXd: introducing an 
objection of the opponent or of a lis- 
tener. Cf. §5 a8, 84, 168. In Aeachi- 
nes' other two orations this formula 
lioes not occur, natural ai it would 
have been at transitions like I. 109, 
113, 125. Similar is Dem. xriii. 251, 

7. S-n: before s direct quot. Cf. 
% 120, 1. See An: Jour. 0/ I%il. V. 
p. 223. 

:i Hdt. i 

opp. t 

). Thuc. ui. 43. 4. On 
the contrary § 17. 8, iinnrfiSuto! used 
pers, Ptato has only irurfi8«tos al- 
ways joined with ipxi or ipx*"- Aris- 
totle uses both forma. Cf. Pal. ii. 9, 
20, iv. 4. 24. — ovS^v : a more sweep- 
ing siftlement than oitets. 

S. 5-ri Si oXi]flfj Uya: see on § 15. 

apeakerwithdraws his personality, and 



I S3 "OxoP Toiwv fLoKitrra Opao'virrfrai ^■qfio<T$^vt)'i Xe- 

ytov (as Sia tt[v iiriooui-v ovk tcrnv vneuvvvo^, CKeico 
avrw vtrofidk\fT€' "ovk ovv ^XPV" *^'' *" iiy/^oc^eves, 
iacrat TOf Tav XoytOTwi' lojpvKa KTjpv^ai to tra.Tpi.ov koX 
5 iwofiou K-qpvyp.a. tovtl ■ rt; 0ov\eTai Karrjyop€tv ; iatrov 
dp.<f>iiT^7jTT}(raC (TOi 7011 ^ov\6p.£vov rHiv TroXtTwf, ai« ovk 
iwiZtiiKa<i aXX' an-o ttoXX^i' Sk tjfcis eis r^f tuv tci;^^!* 
oiKoSopCau p-iKpa KaTcOr/Kai; ■ ^-^ dpnaifi TifV <f>iXoTLfiCcw, 
HJ)Be i^aipov tw BiKaaruiv ras >/it;^ous ck: twc ;^etpolc, 

I 10 ffjh' IjiTTpoa-Ofv Ttav vop-oiv aXX' vcnepo^ TroXtrevou. raura 
-yap opOol rijc SijpiOKpaTtai'." 

let» l}ie lawB plead the ease for liira. 
See oi.§ 14.1. C/.S37-1- The bsqic 
effect ha« Shale. Julius Caesar, m. 2, 
' Show yon iweel C»«ur't 




ftniive ahibilion o/Bpiaot. Cf. Plato 
Luch. lOT b, a i7b loAc;! ^3pc7a, ^7^ 
Spaffe'd miXw. Dem. ivin. 136, ti? 
nMuvi Spaauvo^^vti Ital -raW^ ^•'<'>^' 
^nff i^ifiy eix Inrcx'ipvin'- 

3- 'XP^ '"<"''" ' a natorsl inter- 
pretslion would be, ought you not la 
hare allaicfd? For tliie gignifiuiitioQ 
of the aor. with the iwpf. of a. verb of 
oblisalion, eeeG.222,N.a/n.; GMT. 
40. a. N. 3s. But in ^iew of (atiay (5), 
whkh implies that there U etill an op- 
portunity for an actounl, the proper 
iaterpretation would seem to be.DU^Af 
you not (0 alloiot Both eipression* 
refer to present time, and the point 
of Tiew of the wliole paragraph is 
336 B.C., while Bemostlieaes was still 
a magistrate. See Introd. § 28. 

4. T«v XafurTU' mjpiiKa ktX. ; see 
on I 19. 8. — iraTpu)» Na\ Iwofav: see 

on Ti M^Tpia till ffuMiftj, § 1. 3. The 
epithets, of course, have the weight of 
an argument. 

6. il(n|>iff-pi)TTJinu: nuiinJain I'noppo- 

7. aXX' gird iroWii* uv ^X"^ kt\.-. 
"that to say nothing of yom- gifts, 
you still hold some of the funds of 
Ibe city given you for the work on 
the walls." 

8. KaT(8i]Kas: see on § 19.4. — |i^ 
SfnttiXf Tijv 4"^0Tiipi(av ; do not grab 
honor. The violeniie of Demoslhene* 
is hit off, 

9. Tiav BiNturrM'; gen. of separa- 
tion. — ^K Toiv xiipu* : added to make 

10. iL-rfi' tiiirpoa-fkv kt\, ; perhaps 
a turning upon Demoalhenes of his 
utterance (iv. 39) about the true 
statesman being always (lixporBtii r&t 
Tfuxy/iinai: — Tavro t lliis eoarat of 
conduct ; tovto would be this principle. 

11. opflot Triv ST]^KpaT£av: see on 
tA ^cVpio Kat Tfi^^n, S 1 . 3, and on § 8. 


SI. p. t 

24 npo? fi.ei' oZv ras Keva^ irpot^acreis as oZtol -npo- 

f^aatovvTai. f-f)(pi Btvpo iXpiqaOoi fioi • on Se oi^ois ^v 
VTTeuOvvo'; 6 Aj^/iotrpei/rj; op outos citrijVeyKe to i|»tj- 
ij}i<Tfi.a, dp)(^ti}v p^v TTfv eirl T<j) OetapiKbi ap-jfrjp ap^tav Sc 
6 T^f Tttii' Tei^ovoiwp, ouSerepas Se ttco Tfuf apyjuv Tovrav 
Xoyov vpa> ovZ' evOvna^ SeStuKw;, ravT tjSti irtipdao- 
pai, vpa<i SiSatTKeif eV twv Stjjxoo'icoi' ypappaTtuv, Kai 
fi,OL avayv(D0L iwl TtVos ap)^oin-Q^ koI itoCqv pr)vo<i Kai 
fv Twi, T^pipa Koi h/ iroia eVKXtjtria ex^etpoToinj&t) Ai^po- 

lion {«* ra/>a0«J7^Taf} of the fi^irfcros 
x.iyas. But Aeschines is nol contetitcJ 
•rith tliis. He cbooaes rallipr 1o ?□- 
Inrge iin the importnnce of tlii! prin- 
ciple agaiost whii^h tlie excuse is 
arr&j'eiJ, niaking liis own effort ap- 
pear as put farth for tlic HLlvation of 
the state, closing the discussion of tlie 
topic, as usual, with a ringing aenti- 
ment. See on g 16. 9-12. The liabil 
of closing a topic with such a sentence 
itiBf bare been suggealed to Acschlnea 
bj stage acquaintance with Euripides, 
who employs it with effect. C/. Eur. 
AM. 409, 520, 575. 

d) Dncumentari/ evidence of Demoa- 
theiies' aerouatabiiiti/ at manager of the 
Theiirie Fund at the lime when Cleiiphaa 
bivugkt fomard hii bill. % 24. 

5 24, 1. otKHi ij!. Demostheoea 
and Cte siphon. 

3. ^'x]M BtSpo : Aeschines is yerj- 
earefu] to let the audience know how 
far he has got on with bis argument, 
f!f- f§ 9. -19. 

3. off ovToi ktK. : spoken from the 
standpoint of 330 ii.c. See Introd. 
f SB. At this time, DemoBthenes had 
passed the required test (c/ Dem. 

which fact did not, however, alter the 
illegality of Clesiphon's original bill. 
If, as is prob. (see Introd. § 24). the 
trial was brougtit on by a renewal of 
Clesiphon's bill, this part of the argu- 
ment is HI grossly unfair as the preced- 
ing, with its suggeslions of peculation. 

4. a|>x<"' ■ Aesi^hines wishes now 
to leave no room for Demosthenes' 
subterfuge referred lo in §§ 13(1., and 
seems to think the mere repetition 
of the words Spx"' ""d ^PX^' '■'I'^s to 
the streogth of liiscase. — t^v Jwl t^ 
OtupiK^ apx^'v: the method in which 
lhi£ item is introduced shows that it 
was an afterthought; the Tiixirwatis 
was amagistrate only by a sophistical 
construction of the law (see on S 15. 2, 
ifX*"). lit^ in fl'e silt years while the 
case was pending, Aeschines has he- 
thoaght himself that Deniosthencs 
was also i lui rf BiaipiK^, a magistrate 
beyond question, and works it unskil- 
fully into his new draft of the oration. 
See Introd. §28. Blass, HI. 2, P- '85. 
For the form, cf. Dem. rii:, 76; ix. 
i, ol M TO?! Tpifitatri. For the nature 
of the magistracy, see Schcimann, I. 
p. 430, and on § 25. 8 f. 

8. ^irl rtvoi apxavTOs: I'hrynichua 
was archon 01. 110, 1, .'137-0 B.C., 

AI2X1N0Y KATA KTH5I*nNT0i 24. ^S' 

Bl.p. W 

OvKovf el iJ.i)Zep en nepaiTepiu Set'fat^t, BiKaCai? av 
aXitTKOiTo Knjo-i^wi' ■ alpsl yap airrov oi;^ tj Karrj-yopCa 
■f} ifirj aWa to. Sij^dcrta 
P'25 ri/jorepoi' fLiv toIwi', S> dvSpe^ ' A-Or/valot, avrtypa- 

i^eus -^c x^^P<""°'"7^05 W ""oXet, o? fca^' iKdtrrrjv Trpvra- 
mai* aTreXoyt^CTo ras TTpotroSows tw Bt)p.b) • Sta Se 7:71' 
Trpo; Ey^SouXoi/ y^vapivr^v ■nirmv rjpXv 01 iiii to Beaipi.- 
I 6 (COV K€)(^lpOTOVf)p4l'Ol ^pX^OV pef, TTpXv TOl' 'Hyi^^oco? 
vop.ov yei/eiTuai, ttjv rav aiTiypai^e'dts ap^ijv ^pj(ov oe 
TT)v tSip a.TTo8eKT(iiv, Kal vempimv t tTrtp-iXovro koX o-kcuo- 
9y}K7)v (oKoSojUouc, ^(rav Se kcu oSottoioI koI o-jfeSof T^c 

Demosthenes' term of aervice; lii« 
eteclioa, however, would proli. fall in 
tilt' preceding Ailic: year while Chae- 
rondas nas arclion. See SchiLfer, III. 
p, 75. 

13 f. ov]( ■^ KaTi)Yop(aiiJ I|>i) «tA. : sec 

e) ?■*« importance of Ibis magislracy. 
§5 ZS. 26- 

§ 25. 1. inrt-tpa^-vt: 3C. T?t iiotKf,- 
3iU!, complToller of t/ie trensurs. See 
BJickh, II. c. Tin. Cf. Harpocr. i.v. 
tfTtypt^ti! : S.TTol (i.e. two principa.1) 

'^punOT^K'ni if 'ASijualuv wtKenla. 

3. TfliroXiiT dat. of poBscssion. — 
irpVTOiViCav ' <lie tenth of Che year, 
during which eneh tribal dplegnlion 
acted as a caniniittee repreaenting the* 

4. E{l^vXav: the great opponent 
of Demosthenes' foreign policy. As 
state treaaurer (gee Introd. g 8) dar- 
ing a period of sixteen years (364 
-33SB.c.).in>Tl>icbfall all Demoetlie- 

1' Philippic oratioua, he appropri- 

ated for pnhlic baildinga and festi- 
yftla the revenues which DeniostheneB 
would have converted into the sinews 
of war. See Sch'ifer, I. pp. 176 tf. 

6. irplv TOW 'H-yTipnTO* vo'|wv -ytW- 
rflot; it seems strange that Hegemon, 
who always appears in league with 
Demoathcnes' enemies, should hare 
worked for a reform which Demos- 
thenes so earneatly desired. Schafer 
(1. p. 189) thinks that Demosthenes' 
reforms, 340-39 B.C., had already put 
an end to the excessive functions of 
the overseers of the Theoric Fund, and 
that Hegemon'a iaw was rather an 
attempt to counteract those reforms. 

7. Tuv aircGiKTov : officers who took 
charge of moneys received sod as- 
signed them to the different depart- 
tnenls, Tliey were controlled by the 

~ -imann, I. p. 417, — 
lee App. 

[<^ "Tt'Wv ktA.: prob. char- 
■^ exaggeration. Cf § 20. 3, 

The separate offices here enumerated 
were, with Che possible exception of 
the intypa^tis, prob. not abrogated; 



260X.VJ1' hLOLKrjmu elj^oc t^s TToXEtu;. xat ou KaTT/yopSn' av- 
ran ov8' eni,Ti.fiuip Xeyw, dXX' eKelvo vfuv ivSei^aaBai. 
/SovXo/xat, on o ^ev uo/io^«Tj?, eai' 7is /xta? ap;^)7s tiJs 
i\a)(i(mj<; vTrevdwo"; jj, tovtop ouk ea irplv Slp Xoyou 

roi' <tuXX.-(JjQStju an-ctcras 7as ' A$y}VT]cri.i' dp;^ixs dp^oi/TO. ovk 

27 '11? TOLvuv KoX Tr/v tSiu telj^ottolwi/ apxijv VPX^*" ''^' 

oyro5 TO t}i'q(f)i(rfJia eypa\{i£, Kat to, oj/fLocria. j^pij/xara Ste- 
;^etpt^e »fat en-tjSoXds eVe^SaWe Kaddirep ot aXXot ap^fou- 
Tcs, TOVTcof ijitti' avTov Ar)[ioa6eini)i/ paprvpa TTape^o/jiat. 


but the treasurer (i tit! rji Jioik^hi, 
and ten mnnagers of the Theoric Fund 
usurped their functions, and superin- 
tended all receipts and disburse- 
menls. The mention of (fact's and 
nrKna! iu connection with the BiaipiKii 
apx4 is surprising; but Eubulus aimed 
not only to increase the Theoric Fund, 
but to hare n surplua for public build- 
ings and other improTemcnts. Cf. 
MuUer, Frag. Bkt. Grace. I. p. 400. 
(Philoehor. 135) AwryiaxWiii 'Axop- 
vtU [33e B.C.) : M ToiTBv Th, itif fpya 
Ti ir<pl Toiii i'i..ri>t«au; Hal rJlf <r<»UD- 

oaiTO eti-ai OTpaTiamifi Atj^oo-O^muj 7()[{- 
itarrot. Wliat Demosthenes thought 
of Eubulus' iutecnal improvcnieota 
is seen in Dcm, 111. ig, hqI K(rfjiai kqI 

§26. 1. ov KonrYop*)'' a censure 
of Demosllienes and his party for 
their continued carpinf; nt these ofS- 
ctale, or rather at the financial sys- 
tem of EilliuUiH, of which they were a 

3. povXaiiau instead of B'laMiLii'as 

fpr emphasis. See on ((tur,y, § lo. 8. 

^ imaa^ nis <>f>\a: dpxovTa ; ob- 

See on §§ 24. 4 and 25. 8. 

f) Documentary tvidenee of Vemaa- 
thines' accoanlabiliti/ as iiixirTalSi at 
the time of Ctesiphon'sbm. % a;. 

§ 37. 3. ^mPoXw i-ir^paXXi: wia 
imposing Jines. 

4. TovTMv J|il» «T\. ; DemostheueB' 
bill by wliicli he is made to bear wit- 
ness against himself, prob. conlaioed a 
simple proposal that tiie tribes choose 
Tn;(oiroio((liiie0). Aesehineshas al- 
ready endeavored to show that this of- 
fice is an ipx'i (see on ipxn', § iS.2), 
and now takes an opportunity to re- 
mind his hearers of the functions of 
magistrates, such as handling public 
moneys and imposing fines. The for- 
mer was generally implied in a magi- 
stracy, the latter was tlic prerogative 
of crerj magistrate who possessed the 
iiye/iotla, Sinaa-rnplou, § I4. 10. Cf. Lys. 

^oXcif fEoI eiffoyAfTiiv fir ri SittaaT^pior 
1,6k fieiK-qef jrapiioarai tdui rifuius. The 
maximum fine which each magistrate 
could impose without the sentence of a 
Heliastic court was fixed by law. See 
Meier and SchSmann, Att, Proc. p. 49. 


60 AI2XIN0Y KATA KTH5I*nNT02 37 

81. p. (t; 
6 iwl yap Xaipc'tphov a.p)(oifTo'i dapyj^Xiavo^ Sevr^pa <ji$i- 
voiTos €KK\y}(j-ia<; ouctjj? iypatjie A7)p.o(Tdefr]<; ayopav irovfj- 
O'at Tiiiv (jyvXaiu CTKi.poffjopLwvO'i Sevrepa ItrrafLevov koX 
TptTf), Kai eVe'rafev iv tw ipTjiftirr/jLaTL iKaarr)'; rSiv <f}v\S)v 
ekeadai tous iiTip.t\-r]<rQfj.£vov^ Ttof ipyoiv toiu TT€pl to. 

10 Tet)(T} Koi Tapias, koL fidXa op^tu;, If' yj iroXts ^01 vneS- 
0vva <TfiipaT(x, vap' wv cp-cWc Tuf avr/Xbipeumv \6yw 
aTToX-iji/feiT^ai. Kai pot Xe'ye ra ^^tfiiupaTa. 

5. Xaipiiv&ou: sPe on § 14. 8. — 
£pX<»'">S' i'. Arch on Epanjiiius, dif- 
ferent from Spxm'TH, liiie S.^Bofryi]- 
Xieivn: the dozenth month of the 
Attic year, which ueually begun with 
the first new niocn nfter the summer 
Bolstice. See Lubker, s.v. Jahr. For 
fuller iliitussion with exact dales, see 
Miiller, Hand},, dcf hiass. Alt. I. pp. 
6<IT-&81. — SnrrVpf i^lvovM: tlie 
month was dtviiled into throe decadea. 
After the first day of the month, which 
was naiaivia, the days up to the tentli 
were desiguated suL'ce&Birely ae sec- 
ond, third, etc., luraiiivau jofvii, tlmse 
from the tenth to the Iweatieth by 
the same ordinalii wilh the addition of 
till tixa or ^crrgurroi itriris, while for 
the last nine or ten days of tlie month 
the counting was in Roman fashion, 
reTereed, The last day but one was 
imripa <p6ho<nBi, the one before that 
Tplri) ipiWotnvi, and so on. Demosthe- 
nes' bill was brought forward on the 
29lh of Tiiai^elion, whirh in this year 
was a full month of 3d days. The 
alternating months of 29 days (koTXdi 
^gm) had no Siwipa •peirnvre!. See 
Muller, Handb. der kla». AU. I. p. 
604 f. In the same Auk year, the 
archonship of Chaerondas, 01. 110, 3 
(338-7 E.C.) had occnrred the battle 
of Chaeronea (on the 7th of Metageit- 
nioQ, the second month of the year] 

and liie ininieiiiately following peace 
with riiilip. Demoatheoea' year of 
office was from July 337 to July 
33d, anil Cleslphon'a bill was prob. 
brought forward in March 330, just 
before the great Diouysia. See In- 
trod. % 23. 

6. ^KicXT|<r£a9 ci{!a^s - gen. aha. of 
time. — aYopav: no longer as in Horn., 
a general asBembly, in which sense 
it had been supplanted by IxxKiiaia,, 
but an asgembly of each tribe. The 
pi. iryopai which we sliould expect 
iiere was rarely used. 

7. rKtpo^pLuvot ; the twelfth Attic 
month. Tlie proposed tribal meetings, 
then, were to be held after an inter- 
Tal of only three days. 

8. tKoimis: part, gen, 

9. T»v tpYBV TBv inpl ri Tftxi): 
even before tlie peace with Philip, 
Demosthenes had succeeded in get- 
ting a measure passed to repair the 
fortiflcatioQB of the city. Cf. Dem. 
iviii. 248, (itTo T^y tiixvy tiBbs It 
nuToii rui! Sunlit Kal ^oficpoTi at ri- 
ippoi, TO (I'l Ti Ttlxil xp^fiara, tii r&y 

10. TOiilos : {.t. subordinate treas- 
urers attached to magistrate a like 

TIIX^WBiot, iSoTOiot, iirt/xiKirral tS» 

ttuplmt, ttc, dependent on the state 
(J Tofilaj). See on EfflsH- 
15.4. See Biickh, Bk. U. c. T^ 



St. p. 57. 


28 Nal aXX* cu^tStaTrXcfcet tt/oo? tovto evdv^ o)? our' 
cXa^c TCt^oTTOto? ovT i)(eipoTovrjdy) vno rov Sijfiov. /cat 
irepl TovTov Arjfioo'Oevr]^ fieu kol Kt7)(TL(Jhov ttoKvv ttoitj- 
aovrai Xoyoi' • 6 Sc yc i/ofio^ iS/oa^u? Kal a'a(f>ri^ Kal ra^v 

5 Xvcjv ra? tovt(ov T€\vaq. fiLKpa Se vfilv vnep avrSp 58 

29 irpoenreLp fioyXofiai. ^oti ydpy S cu/Spe^ ^AdrjvaioLy rciv 
irepl Tas dp^as eiSyj r/ota, Sv €v fiev kol (f)av€pa}TaTOP ol 
KXrjpoyrol Koi ol ^€ipoTpv7jTo\ ap^ovre^, Sevrepou Se ocrot rt 
Staj^ct/ot^ovcrt Tciv rrj^ ttoXcg)? vnep rpiaKovra rjfiepa^^ 

5 rpiTov S' 0/ Tft) rd/io) yeypanraiy Kal et rti^e? aXXot at- 

/acTot rjyefiovCas hiKacrrqpidiv Xafifidvovci Kat tovtov^ dp- 

SO\€Lv hoKniaaOima^. ineiSdi/ S' d<f>4\ri rt? rov^ vno tov 

SjjflOV Ke)(€LpOTOV7)fl€l/OV^ KOL TOV? KklJpWTOlf^ dp^OVTa^^ 

KaraXeiTTOvTai ov9 at <f>vXal Kal at Tpirrues koI ol SrjfioL 

— Kol )ia\a dp6c0S : i.e. it was well that 
the matter should originate in the 
iKKkiiffla, for thus the accountability 
of the commissioners to the people 
would be clear. 

g) Second refutation of the antago- 
nists excuse that the reix^rotSs was not 
a regular magistrate, §§ 28-30. 

This is the most unfortunate part 
of the oration, awkwardly expressed 
in itself, and obstructing the other- 
wise clear order. A mere repetition 
of §§ 13-16, it falls particularly flat, 
as Demosthenes does not touch the 
point at all in his reply. §§ 29, 30 
seem to mean, "other persons are 
recognized as ikpx'*^^^^ besides ol k\ti- 
fWToi and ol xctpoTonjrof, and when we 
look for these other persons we find 
them just such tribal officers as the 
T€ixoitoiol" The argument is obscured 
by the elaborate threefold diyision of 

magistrates and the pompous sub- 
traction. See Introd. § 29. 

§ 28. 1. Nal aXXd: see on § 22. 1. 
— ovTiSiairXc'KCi : makes this tortuous 
reply. A metaphor from wrestling. 

6. vir^p avrwv : perhaps sc. rSov v6' 
ficoy, although the transition from 
sing, to pi. is rather violent. 

§ 29. 1 f . Twv ircpl rds apx<^ * curi- 
ous circumlocution for apxcoy or ip- 

3 ff. oo-oi Ti KT\. : cf. § 14. 9 ff. 

6. af>x<Lv: see on tpx^^v* § 15. 2. 

§ 30. 1. circiSdv 8* cuIk'X'q '' the same 
method of 'elimination by subtrac- 
tion' is employed in § 45. 

3. alrpiTTvcs: these were originally 
thirds of the four Ionic tribes. Cf. 
Harpocr. s.v. rpirrvs: rpirrvs iari rh 
rplroy fitpos rijs (pvKrjs • aSrr} ykp 5ijJ- 
prirai eis rpla fieprjt rpirrvs Kal tQyri ical 
ipparplaSy &5 <p7\crLv * ApitrrortKris iy tJ 
'Adrjyalcoy iroXire/^c. 'This division 



e^ auTwv aipowrat to. h-r}fji.6cna )(p-qiiaTa Bia)(€iptCeiv. 
B toSto Se yi-yverai, oray cutrTrep I'Oi' iTn.ra)(0^ Ti Tats 
tf>v\al<;, Tj Tot^povs i^epydl,eiTOai. ■^ Tpii)p€L<; uavirrjytladai. 
oTi Si dkyjdrj Xe'yw, ef avrSiv Twc voptov pa^ij creche. 


31 ' Afap.vr}a-6ijTc 817 7oiJs iTpoupy]ji.4vov<; Xdyovs, ori 6 

/i.ei' fOfioOe-n/'i tous eV Ttov ^uXW a.p\iiv /ceXeuet Sokl- 
jj.airBa'Tas ev riu SiKaa-Tr/pCa, ij Se ITai'Stoi'l! ^uX^ ap- 

6 6iot*fTj(7£to5 €15 Taura e;^£i piKpov i 

Seica, raXaiTa, cre- 
pos S' djTayopeuet co^os °^PXV^ VTr^uOvvov jxt^ rTTe<f>a- 
vovv, vp€L^ Be opaip-oKare Kara rot's vofiov; tprjfj>i€i<Tffai, 
6 oe pTJTOtp yeypa<f>t tov virtvOvvop oret^avoui' ou npotr- 

about which next to nothing ia known, 
waa probttbly retained ' (at the time 
of Clisihenes' reorganization of the 
state into ten tribes BncI one hnnrlred 
demea) ' for flnanciial and adminiatra- 
Ktb pnrpoaes.' WooUej. See Schu- 
mann, I. p. 371. See App. — Brjuoi: 

4. nlpoCirrai: the prop, word for 
the eleclion of liiM oflicera (oi(i»Tur', 
§ 29. 6), contrasted with ^ayxii'eiii: 
cf. xt^po-x-y'ly, § 28. 2. See on aipt- 

Tit. § 13. 3 

n the t. 

. i,>r. 

The laws which arc 

now read ap- 

pear to be the same 

aa those read 

ju»tftftet 5 15. 

h) Rtcapilulatiim. §31. "The law 
predicates ifx'" °i '''^ tribal officers : 
Demosthenea ia a tribal ofBcer. The 
law forbids the crowning of an ifix"' 
before he has passed his eUSanai. Cie- 
siphon has yiolated this law. The 
case is complete." 

g 31. 3. Sf-f^arra.: AescMnea Htilt 

clinga to tbie word aa for his 1 
See on tpxi'y, S 14. 4. This O' 
anxioua insistence upon tlie word 
gives peculiar point to the rC] 
Dcm. xviii. 112, DuS' ix tAii irrit 

4. iK -nil Bioiini^m ; from l/ie gtneral 

6. ix»: see Introd. § 28. — lucpoti; almost. Abs. inf. G. 2»8; H. 
950. Though the amount received 
by Demoslhenea is prob. given with 
appro^iimate currectnesa, eince Aes- 
chines would not allow Ibe defence to 
catch him in a lie on auch a point, 
yet it would not do to infer that each 
of the ten Tdxnroiof received nearly 
ten talents. — (Tipoi vd|wn: cf. $ 11. 

6. i ji^Tap •■ perhaps maliciously 
apoken, as ui.^o § 342. 3, au fiii, W 

^siv, for Ctesiphon spoke so rarely in 
the assembly that he hoped to paaa 
for an MiiiiTji. Cf. % 214. 2. gee on 
IBicirar, § 3. 10. 



8t. p. 68. 

OeU "cTTCtSai/ 8^ \6yov /cat evOvva^^^ iyo) Sc c^cXey^o) 
10 TO irapdvofiov fidprvpa^ dfia Toif^ vofiov^ Koi ra }lrrj<f>L- 
(Tfiara /cat roif^ avriSiKov^ 7rap€)(6yi€vo<;. ttcS? ow dv rt? 
irepi<f>aviaTepov imSeC^eiev dvOpoiirov napdvofia yeypa- 
<^dra ; 

32 ft? Toiuw /cat 7171^ dvdpprjcLV tov oT€(f>dvov irapavo- 
ficos iv Tft) \(rri(f>L(TfiaTL /ccXcvct yiyveaOai^ kol tovS" v/ia? 
StSa^o). 6 yap vojmo^ hiapprjhr^v /ccXevet, cai^ /le^ rti^a 
(TTe^avoL 17 fiovKijj a/ tS fiovkevrqpLO) dvaKTjpvTTeo'daL, 

6 cw Sc 6 S17/109, ci' r^ iKKKrjcTLa^y dXkodi Sc firjSafiov. /cat 

/iot Xcyc Toi/ vofiov. 


33 Ovro9 6 vofio^y & dvSpe^ * AOrjvaloLy /cat fidXa /caXS? 
cj(ct. ou ya/>, ot/iat, wcro Seo^ 6 vo[io6err)<; tov puJTopa 

9. ^IiXc'tx^ 'r<^ iropdvofiov: / am 

proving the illegality. The pf. might 
have been expected. 

11. dvTiSCKovs : cf. § 27. 4. 

Aeschines' proof on the first count 
in the indictment is generally con- 
ceded to be complete. Perhaps it is 
somewhat overdone. The reply, Dem. 
XVIII. I lo-i 19, is unsatisfactory. How 
weak Demosthenes himself felt Ctesi- 
phon's case to be, in a legal point of 
view, is seen by his desire to jump the 
legal discussion altogether, and make 
his own political merit the paramount 
and, in fact, exclusive question of the 
trial. The master sophism of the re- 
ply is contained in Dem. xviii. 58, rh 
8i IJL^ vpotrypii^avra "iireiSety tAs €v- 
^vai 9^ ** areffxiyovy, Koi iiviviruv iv rtp 
Otdrptp rhv <rr4<pavov KeX^vcrai,, KoivtcytTv 

fitvois, cfre &{i<^s eifii tov aT€<f>dyov Koi 
r^s iivappfficr€<os ry\s iv ro^rois elre koI 
/ifl. See App. 

Second irap<£vo|iOv : the proclamation 
in the theatre, proposed in Ctesiphon's bill, 
is contrary to existing laws. §§ 32-48. 

a) The law and its true significance 
contrasted with the proposal. §§ 32-34. 

§ 32. 1. ToCwv: transition particle. 
See on § 16. 1. — dvcif>pT|<riv : the public 
proclamation by the herald. The cor- 
responding verb forms are avayopeiuM, 
kvepSo, avcTirov, iiVfipriKa, avepp^Briv. 

6. dXXoOi 8c f&t|Sa|iov: the repeti- 
tion of these words §§ 34, 48 makes 
it certain that they are a clause of 
the law, and not, as some suppose, 
words of the speaker. 

§ 33. 1. Kal i&oXa koXws k\€\. : the 
same phrase with which the other 
principal law contravened by Ctesi- 
phon's bill is praised, § 11. 2. When 
the orators cite a law in their favor, 
they like to emphasize its reasonable- 
ness and excellence, adding the ratio 
legis. Cy. I. II, 14, 22, 24, 26, 28-30. 


(re/i.iwe<r^at Trpo<; tou? i^oiBa/, a\X' ayawav ev airr^ 
T^ irdXet TiiJ.(iifjLevQv vtto tov Siffiov koi fti) epyoXaffea' 
5 a/ rois ifr]pvyiiaai,v, 6 jikv ovv vofj-oBiTYfi ovrats ■ 6 Se 
KTT]<Ticf>wv ■TTco?,- OMayiyvQifTKf. TO \j)Tq<j}L<rfj.a. 


34 'AKOvere, at avSpe's 'A^iji/aioi, otl 6 /let- vofio9en]9 

KcXeuct cv T^ S'^/i.i^ if TIvKvl iv rjj eV/cXijo-i^ ava- 

KTJpVTTeiV TOV VTTO TOU OJ^flOV aT€<f>ai'0Vfl€l'OI/, aXXoOl 

5e ^T^Sdjiioi), KTy}iTi,<f)(iiv Se eV tw OeaTptu, ov tov% v6- 

5 /10U5 fiouoi' VTrep0a.^ dWa koI tw tottov p.eTevtyKuv, 

ovSe cVKXT^trio.^dvTCcH' 'AdrjvaCoti' aWa. Tpay(^<i>i' ytyvo- 

fievwv, ouS' iuavriov tov S»J/xou dW ivavTiov Ttav 'EX- 

erence Iti place (t^jtoi). A single 
illegality is by tliie artificial uopM- 
cfttion made to appear aa two. 

6.^ar yiyvoiu'vuv ; ffiayittij 
= rpayiflia, a cuircDt melonyniy, like 
gtadiatoribus for ludis gUdi< 
aloriie. Qf. §§ 41. 154. Dem. t. 7, 
Tpa7(ojoi5 iBfiaaaSf. 

7 f. DemoBthenes' reply (| i»), 
that it makeB no diflerence to the 
receiver of llie crown v^here it i* con- 
ferred, is manifeatly nnlrne. 

b) The exiatmce of another law alllM- 
ing, as the defindanta will dam, llu 
firoclamation in the iheatre, would IMpIf 
□n absurd contradiction in the constitU' 
tion. §§ 35-40. 

The pasaage, §§ 35-48, ia, like » 
3S-30, very labored and unfortniute. 
It has the appearance of being added , 
on the publication of the speech, aa 
a, reply to Deni. xvm. 121, wkiir Ut 
Tiras i iniias ti ii Sini\)i ^rtifilavrai. See 
Introd. i 28. It would have pro- 
duced a better oratorical eSect to let 
discuBBion as to the place of proclami- 
tion rest nt the cloBe of § 34, 

3. ToJt ffaScv I !.«, the great number 
of strangers who come to Athens at 
the time of the Great Dionysia. — 
iyairSn: cf. iy^rHn.^. § 20. 7. 

4. ^pyo^i^^i'- p!"!/ '^' conlractor, 
i.e. make proft. Schol., T™ 5ii -roi i, 
T(B Btdrptf oTf^afoiftrfai fxV *<"^# '■"ii 
irapijioirrai ret ^pJ^^Ta, its Svyanp Kal 
Ti)utiiiiiifi ir T^ Tri^H. AeBchineB UBes 
the word of the gains of Bophtets and 
rhetoricians, 1. 173, II. 112. Cf. § 150. 
2, lvepya\ii8fli,, 

6. wit: at the end of the clauae, 
balanced thus more cooapicuously 
with bStus. Cf. Deai. xxiii. 27, i ith 
tij rhv tdfiotf TiBtis B^Twit A ffcrft if^^jcr^a 
ypipay rust 

§ 34. 2. jvnuKvt; a specification 
of tIIbI importance to Aeschines, ex- 
cluding the idea of an iKif-jiaU held 
ie 7(^1 SiiTfHii. — ^v T^ iKiAijo-t^i ; time, 
^ i»'!\TliiaidrTwi' 'ABTiyaluw, line 0. 
The usual combination, iv t# Hi^V 


3. aX\o0i Gt ^T|Ea|joiJ 



iSXijvfoi', iv Tj^if (TuvetSwcrti' oioi-' a.vhpa TifiZfiev. ovto} 
roarvv ■7TepL^avw<; ircLpdvoiia yeypa^ws, irapaTa^Oel'i ^era 
iyqpo(r$evov<; inotaii Te)(va^ rot? ro/Aots ■ a5 iyii> STjXeJcrcu 
*fal irpoepw UjUic, tt-a ^li-^ \d9y)re i^aTraTT/OevTe';- oStoi 

6 ya/), tiis fief ovK a.TTo.yopeuova-i.i' ot v6p.oi Ton vtto tov 
Brjp.ov (TT^^avovfiivov p.r) KTjpvTTCiP efai t^s eK«XTj(rtas, 
ou;^ i^ovcTL Xeyctj', pEToiaoviri Se eJs ajToXoyiat' roc Ato- 
wdLO.Koi' vofiov, Kat ')^p~q<Tovxa.i tov vo/iov p.€p€i. twl 
36 KXeTTTofTes t^i- aKpoaa-LV vp-uv, xai nap^^ovrat j/ofxtiv 
ovSec irpoa-tjKOVTa TpSe 7^ ypafjiy, Kal ke^ovfrip tos cicri 

T^ TToXei SlJo VOpol, KeiptVOt, TTfpl TtUU Kyjpvypd.T(UV, £15 

yxo/, Of ctli' eyw trapi^opai, Zia.pp'qZ'qv aTTayopevcof tov 
5 UTTO Tou Z'^pov (TTEipavovpepou prj Kf^p'uTTecrdo.i e^w rijs 
«KX7jO"ias, €T€pov 8' etcat i/d/ioc tpyjaovai.i' ivaiTiav tov- 
T^ TOV SeSwKOTa f^ova-Cav Troietcr^at rtji' dvdppT)<rw toC 
aTetj>dpov rpaywSots eV tw ^earpco, e'av tpTjtjiiuTjTai 6 S'^/xos ■ 
Kara S'^ toutoi/ Tof vopov tftyja-ovcTi. yeypaipevai toi' Krijirt- 
S7<l>StPTa. iy<ii 8c Trpo; ras Tourwi' rej^i'as vape^opai aw- 
Tjyopov; Tou? j-o/ious tous u/jieTcpous, oirep StareXto 59 
(TTTOvSa^cov wapa. Tratrav ttjv KaTTjyaplav. el yap tovto 

the former parlie, denoles ft present 
■Ute, the latter a single act prior 10 
the action □( tb^ prini^ipai verb. 

3. J'rsCini.t a figure derived from 
B Biege. Cf. EUCh pliraaee as ^Tixaviti 
T)f Tdx'"*""-' iiruptptir. 

4. Xijh,T< i{a»aTi|Kms : c/ § 1 1 . 5. 

7. lUTofcroum; /Jfrrcr/. C^" §5 I42, 
193, zza. — TJv AuivvinaKdv vcip.ov: 
DemoBtbenea (xvm. izi) does refer to 
tliii law, not calling it b; Ibia nami?. 

8. KpX XPlil''<»'TaL TOV V0\U1V p'pfli 

nv( : DemoBtheneB ('.c.) malces the 
•ama complaint again at Aeachinea, 
a »liow of fairnesB/if §§ 35- 

4S of this oration were no 
The appending of lliree b 
elausea with ko! is a mark of carelesa- 
ness. Seeon§8^-n. 

§ S6. 8. Tpa-fi^b : dat. of time — 
-rpay^fSav ycfnuhay, § 34. G. — jdv i|n]- 
i^ta-qTaL d Sii|u>s : on this clause of the 
law Demoethenea (§isi) rests Ms case. 

§ 37. 1. nivil'vo'pew : pred. "I will 
let jonr lawa pleail my case." See 

on § 22. 9. 

3. ii«p SiaTtXa ktA. : a plain enmi- 
ciation of tlie principle (ollowed by 
Aeschinea with bo much Bkilt. 

3. irap^ : in the whole coarse of. Cf. 
§ ■«■ 8. 

1 66 


ItjTiv a.\-q9k<i KaX toiovtov e^os Tra/iaSc'SuKci' vfiiiiv cis 

E rT)v TroXiTetW wot' atojpous I'o/iovs tf Toi? Kvpioi<i aca- 

yi.ypQ.^9a.i, koX Zvo n€pl fiias -Trpafetos yn-ffairiou? a\- 

\jjXots, Tt ac en Tai/Tiji' eiTTOi Tts eu'at t^w TroA.iTCia;', 

€»■ 5 Tavra npoTTa.TTOva-i.v ot j/o/iot TroieiK koa. pr) itolslw; 

B^SSdXX' out' ^ei Tau^ our&ts, /a^J^' u/x€ts irore et<i rotrav- 

TQV ara^iav twv vopoiv ■trpa^a.trqTi, ovt ■^peXrjTai nepl 

To>v TOMVTwv 7W vopoB^TTj 76J T^f ByjpoKpaTiav Kara- 

cmja-avTi., aXXd Bi.apptjBijP TjpoaTsraKTaL rots 9€tTpo$erai<; 

6 tta^ iKo.o'Tov iviavTov SiopOovp ev tw Si^ptii tous fd- 


4. iropoSt EuKtv : Ais cTfpt in : met- insinunre. C/.Ttem. 

I- 79. ' 


B. dvayfYpdi^Biu ; technicul term 
for inscribing on tnblets of stone or 
metal, and setting up in a public place 
the enacted laws. C/. §§ 38, 39, 70. 

6. drnvavrlaw: for tlie i^onfiuiOD 
ariiing from contradictory lan«, e/. 
Dem. XX. 91, Tdooi^ai ^iv ol irttyrloi 
ff^fffiji airaii I'mi rd/mi, &im }("P'''">- 
y.W S^fJi loit BiaA^JovToi roit iraprious 
iiri ■rijiimKar fS-n XP^'"", "ol t& Tpay^ia 

whole passage, Deni, xx. 89-94, '* *■ 
good commentary on this distuBBion, 
wiijuh in some ways appears to hnve 
been auggoeted by lb at passage. 

7. t[ £v fri TauTT|v ittA, : a : 
liuctio ad absurdum like D. 
IVIII. 24, I'l-yifi i/tl7s ajui -relii jiit'EX- 
Xiivns cli Trd\ctiav raptnatttTTt, avrii 
■pij ilAiTTToi. rcpl rflt fyrfvij! TfiiirB' 
iTr4fLirtrt, E&pv&dToa tpnyfia, oit irJXfi 
?p7Di. aJSi XPI"'*" i'flpiJTwi' iidrpdr- 
T«rS(. The argument in each case is 
invalid. But Athenian pride would 
make it a perfeut argumenlum 

§ SS. 1- |iije' ipxtt KT\- : the inser- 

tion of Buch a deprecatory clause 
gives the impression of eai-nestaeM. 
Cf. 5 128. 4. Dem. xix. 149, V '* 
ToiavTO niv oifiJc ofr' ^i' fi^Ti ftintTQ 
TDu XoiTou. It gives this impreuion 
especially when put as here between 
two indie, ciauses. Cf. [Dem.] xxv. 
86, BSrf yip tdTi /ii}Te yiiiono tobto 
oUt' iyii ya^lCu. 

2. oLTofCav: military metaphor. Cf. 

WBpjT=f.r, § I. 2. 

3. voiioBi'ttj : dai. of agent. G. IBS, 
3; H.789. The word refers to e per- 
son different from the vafieBirai of 
§ 39. 3. Whether it refers to SotoD, 
Cliathcnes, or a law-giver at the time 
of the restoration of the democracj', 
403 B.C., does not appear from ibis 

Aeschines' knowledge of 
history was doubtleis in- 
enough (cf. II. 172 ff.) to 
allow him lo ascribe to Solon thli 
arrangement for an annoal revisicu 
of the laws, which from Dem. xs. gi 
(quoted on g 3;. 0) appears to bo of 
much later origin, though of quite 
long standing, ^i-t ri/nro\uv tfSi) xj>i' 
-sv. See Schiimann, I, p. 38fi. 

4. SKTiioS^Tait: see on Btg^aUriu, 
§ U 6- 

6. GiopSoCv: revite. So a reviaed 


AESCKfflES ON THE CROWN 38, 39. 6' 

fiov^, a.Kpi.0a>^ efeTatravTa? Kal crKetlfaficvov^ et Tis ava- 
ycypaTTTat evafTt'os irepto rj axvpo^ ec tois KvpCoi^, ^ it 
TTOV et(7t v6p.oi TrXet'ous evos a.vaytypap.p.fvoi. irtpi kKo.- 
39cmjs irpafctus- Kaf 7t Totouroi- €vpi(TKtii(rii', dvayeypa- 
0oTas £1' trauia-ii' iKTiOivai KeXevei irpocrOe T<av eiroivvpuv 
TOU5 Se TTpuTcivets TToicu' sKKXTjO'Cai' npoypaAfia.ura<i vo- 
p.oderat.%, tov S' eVtoraTrjv Toif npoiZpav Bia^^LpoTovCav 
5 StSdfat Tw StJ/^oi [«ai tous /iici' avaipeip tSjv v6p.inv, tous 
Se KaraXeiVeLi'], ottw? av efs g ifo^os Kal p.Tj irXewu? 
TTcpi etcaiTTT^s jrpa^ews. «ai /lioi Xeye rovs vo^ous- 

edition, «.j,, of the Homeric poenia, 
is called a SiJfSanris. The process of 
revision, which U here obscurely de- 
scribed, owing to eioeeaiTe brevity In 
§ 39- Si ^BS prob. &B follows : the thea- 
mothetse noted contradiction a in the 
laws and reported them in a regular 
asBembl; (^ir Tif Hitif), after post- 
ing them before the statoea of the 
EponTtni. The aasemblj then decided 
whether a revision was neceBinry. If 
it appeared necessary, a reTision-eom- 
mittee was appointed from the he!i- 
astae of that year, in a aubsequent 
regular aasembly. The work of this 
committee should have been described 
in S 39- 5, to make the case clear to 
one not already acqaainted with the 
details. See Schnmann, I. pp. 387- 
390. Woolsey, Bibliotheca Sacra, Vol, 
Vn. pp. 435 ff. 

S 89i 2. KiXiuti: EC, i renoBtrns. — 
vpo<itt THV {'ntnii^v: a formula in 
which T^tBi, the poetic form, ie 
always retained. Cf. Dem. xxiv, 18. 
For the locality in the kyapi. cf, Paul. 
i. 5. 1, raS BBuKtuTitploii nKi^irioi' StfXoi 
irtl HaMivufim. "nl eiowrl re ifravBa ol 
rfiirritfi! utti Tifii val ipyifnu THroiTj^tia 

'Aeuvafoii [CffT 


Sftura lirx»y 
al fxiAoI, I.e. the ten tipaiti iT<iyvnai. 

3. irpurdwts ; see on § i. 3. — Ik- 
KKT\vla,v: a regular meeting of the 
people, —irpoYpiIiliaVTcw; the pry tan a 
issued a -xpiypanfiii stating the ob- 
ject of a given /iiKKjiala. Cf. 11, 60, 
vpaypiil-ii Talis rpindyiit ^ic«Aijff((ii i6o 
Ka^a riy vifioy. — vofoBirwn \ for no- 
molhetae; a quotation from the rpi- 
ypap^fia. Cf. Dem. XtX. 185, irar g 
«;Spii£i Hal TpcsBtiai! vpoytyfia/iii^iin. 

,1t- {kk 

iWai- 1 

4, iicuTTaTJiv ruv irpo^Gpuv: see on 


B, See App. 

6, ovut &v <tt 'Q vo|wt; for Sr, see 
GMT. 44, 1, N. 3; H. 883. Jrvt tr 
with the subjv. is the almost eiclu- 
sire form for final clauses in Attic 
inscriptions of the classical period. 
See Meisterhans, Gram, der attischen 
Inachr. p. 212. For the subject-matter, 
cf, Dem. 31. 93, in' fh ^ Ttp\ Tir 
i^Tiny iitdiTTou yA/AOS Hal ^fr robs ifljc^ 

aM 1 

I, (wher 


§40. 1. d irapi TOvTwv Xoyo* : </■ 

1164.4; I.U6,iwapi^m\Syos, DetD. 
EI. 75, 1<m nai triu Toi! irep' ^^C \i- 


^40 Et rotwu, 01 aj/Spes 'A^T^i/atot, aXridfj'; 6 irapa tov- 

Toic A.oyo? Kol ^aav Svo uofioi. KeLii-ewot irepl rt^f lojpxry- 
ixdrcuv, ef ai^ayoj? otfxai. riitv fiev dta-fi.odeTbn' i^tvpovroiv 
Twv Sc TTpVTdv€eiiV aTToBoi^oiP Tot? VQp.o0iTat^ dv^prjT 
K'S &v 6 erepos reav v6fio>v, ^jroi 6 ttjv i^ova-Lav SeSfowois 
avetTretv ^ 6 airixyopeuoiv ■ ottote Se fnjhez' tovtwi' y^y^- 
u7)Tat, tjtavepSis 5tj ttov i^tK4y)(ovT(3.i. ov p.6vov t/ieuSiJ 
UXeyoyres aXKa Koi TrajTeXws dhwara yeveaOai. od^v 5e 
Si^ TO i/zeCSos TOVTO iiri({>epoviTi.v, eyat StSafw v/ias npo- 

■ytu: a phrase formed after (he anal- 
ogy of ri irnpi ToiTM* AeyiJ/if vo. f^. 
Dem. Till. 42, oliKauv godAFrai ('c. 


■0 T 

Ci*.e. the 

freedom which you nre ready to offer 
to all the other states). 

3. /J iva-yio]s : the argument is as 
f oILows ^ "If there were two coolm- 
dietory Iilws they nmst have been, in 
the annual reiision, found to be so. 
and one of thetn must have been 
abrogated; neither of these laws wne 
abrogated, therefore they may be 
harmonized." Inasmuch ae the thes. 
mothetae would be led to notice con- 
tradietions in the laws by erperience, 
Aeschines' more obviouB and effec- 
tive line of proof would have been to 
show, if possible, that no case of a 
civic crown being conferred in the 
tbeatrs had ever occurred. Bnt the 
hyperbole of Dem. ITI11. lao appears 
to rest on at least two aolual cases in 
which Demostheneg was honored by 
a proclamation in the theatre, like 
that which Cteaiphon now proposed. 
C/. Dem. Kviii. 83. 

4. irpuTCLVCMV (hroSo'vTUV : unless 
vptirinmv H looiely used for vpaiSpuv, 
or irulTdTOv ray wpoiSpay (ef. § 39. i), 


B. -qToi . . . ij: always in this order. 
The speaker indicates the former 
alteraatire as the more prob. Qf. 
Plato Prol. 331 b, ij-rm rairit im-i 
lixai6-riis AiTi^TiiTi tj Sri A/tBiiraTBy, 
where Socrates clearly inclines to 
identify the two. 

7. EH ™«: o/c^urs.. 

8. wavTfXus oBiu'vaTa ytvtvt^ : the 
reductio ad absurdum is closed 
with emphasis. For the phraseology, 
1^ n. 64, ^(ui^ Kil iSiraTa yti'Miu. 

c) Object ofiht Dionysiac law. %% 41 

Aeschines is not contented with 
proving that Ihe defendants are cheat- 
ing t he goes on to explain how it is 
possible for them to do so. 

§ 41. 2. 4'v«: the use of the first 
pers. pron. beyond any apparent re- 
quirement of emphasis is charactei^ 
iatic of Aeschines. Cf. %% 5, 54, iSa, 
1S6. In I. alone there are eighteen 
cases. The strengthened form fyayt 
is oflen chosen when it is apparently 
little called for.— SiBti4»: cf. Mar- 
celliaus (Walz, Bhet. Gr. IV. 510), 


aiTiav &v Q/eKa ot v6jj.oi, e7t'^Tj<rac ot trepl tSw iv t^ 
Bedrpat K-qpvyiJ.a.T(av. yiypoiifvoji' yap tuiv iv dcTTei rpa- 
6 yoiSai*' dveiajpvTTov Ttce?, ov ireCcrai'Ti'; tov Sij/aoi', 01 fikv 
oTt ore^acoui'Tat vtro rwc <j>vX€T(tit', irepoi S' on ijtto 
Twi' Si^/Liortoc ■ aXXoi Se rtves viroK-qpy^dpoioi tous avr^v 
otKeras d<f)U(rav i\(v64pov^, p.dpTvpa'; tov; KXKTjva^ 

i^Siroiovfievot, o S' ■^v iTTi,^9ovtisTarov, Trpofefiay tiW5 
€vpy))j.ivoL iv rate e^w iroXe(rt SteTr/JarToi/ro dvayopivtcrOat. 
OTi (ne^avot avToi)^ 6 8i)/io?, ci ovTcu tv^oi, o twi' 'PoStwi/ 
1^ Xtwi* ly Kttt aXX.7^? Tii'o? 7roXe(u5 aper^s fV€Ka Kai 

I 6 dvhpa.yadia.%. koX ravT inpaTToi^ ovx £uo"7rep ot utto t^s 

xph y^ii rfci- 1 

aUtlar vvftfiiw rhv ^opu. Tllil 
eBpeciallj necessary (511) i^y naiths 
f i riiios kbI oirSir ,ii\Kas rpii BVTni 
■J) TOir ivayrioxj ivrai Tit ^rjTbv ia/aytyvva- 

4. ruv Iv ao-nt Tpa'yi|iSan> : t'.f, the 
Great DionyBia. The proelamationa 
were made before the gpsnirg- of the 
theatrical exliihiticm. Cf. § 154. 

6. oi inbravTCS riv Efjiuii' : an 
eaaential adJitinn, sintc the earlier 
custom was not abrogated, but only 
limited by the proviso, Hi' i^Tj^/cnjTai 
S SQ^oi. For a similar formula, cf. 
At. Plat 940. otfre t)|» B'^Kh' Tiflii' 

&. a/^U<ra.v. manu nittebant, 
— ttjvfl^povs : pred. ndj, 
but usual addition. 

§ 1S> 1. Jiru^SevciraTav 
the prerioua UHses were, 
undue lo»e of oalenlation, 
wone for citizens of Atheni 
their hoDorB derived from some for- 
eign state, disparaging by implication 
those conferred by their own. Cf. 
% 43. 3. — irp<ii«v[as nvti ti)pTi|i(voi tv 

Toia f£« iroXwi: the reference is 
to certain Atlienians who acted at 
Achetii as jipi^tm of these other cities 
in such a way as to win their favor. 
See Hermann, Gr. Slaalsatlerlhiimer , 
§ 116. 7. Cf. Thue. n. 89. 2 (Alci- 
biades is speaking in Sparta), tuv i' 
i/iSiv irfioyii/0v riiv npn^ei'lat iiiut nari 
Ti fyitXij^a &TTiiw6yTwy abtis iyii TrftiB 
il'oAa^SiIl'Wl' iOf/linfuol' v/ia! &S\IL T( 
nai T-tpi tJjk Jk ni\ou {i^fn/iopiii, Kai 

'APijuiouI iioTaAAairffV*''' 

ifiaTs ixSpoTs Simfiiv, Si' iKtlvai' tpi- 

iavTts, iiioX Si aT,p.iav iiffu9ftf. 

2. BitirpdrTowTO ; carried through hy 
inlriguf. Cf. §S '79. 'So. The use 
of money is prob. included. See on 
§ 33. 4 ipyoXaaf'i', which refers to tlie 


same thing. 

3. (t ofi™ Tuxoi : for laslance. Cf. 

v: bad as 

I. Ep. Cor. 15. ST, Ti/pi-i* attat ti 


Tujfoi uItok ^tiuo[ tar \oiwur. — J TW 

it was far 

Ta&[u*: to And here an allusion to 

B to parade 

Demosthenes' oration hrip r^t 'PoSUn 

pould be venture- 

70 AISXINOY KATA KTH2I*nNT02 42-44- 

si. p.H 
^ovA.'^! T^; u/ierepa? (TTetjiavoviAivoL ^ ol inro toS Si//^ov, 
tnitravTf; vfias [(tai /xera \p7)ipicTfiaTo^^, -rroWfjv x^pi'^ koto.- 
$enevoi,, aXK' avTol npoeX.ofi.ei/oi. dceu Soy/xaTO! v^ieripov. 

43 CK 8e TOUTOi; Tou TpoTrou crui'e^an-'( tow? /xev 0eaTa5 Ktti 
Tous -)(opr)yo\)^ Kal tous aywptora? evo^Xcicr^ai, tou5 8e{XQ'ov^ iv Tw deaTpai yxei^ocrt Ti/iais TtjLtocr^at 
TWi' 1J770 ToS BijfjLov (TTi<^a.vovp.fvoiV. Tots /iCf ya|) dvehf' 

5 SetKTo rojros 17 iKKX-qa-LO, iv 7) )(pyji^ oTei^acoutr^at, Kai 
dTTeCptjTo aXXo^i /ii^Sa/tou KrjpvTTetrdaL ■ ot Se dvrfyopev' 

44ovTo ivavTiov andi'Tiiiv riov 'EXk-qvotv. o-uviSwy St^ tis 
raura vofioderrj'i tlBtjiti. vofiov ovhkv iTrtKObvuvovvra to! 
wc/31 Twi' VTTo Tov Si^/iou (m(j}avov[j.aj(uv vopai, ovre \v- 
tras efceii'oc ■ ou yap ij iKKX-rjcrCa ^vo^XeiTo, aXXa to ^ea- 

6 Tpov • owt' ivavTLOv tow trporepov KCt/xei'ois vofioti Titfcis ■ 
ov yap (^€<mv ■ dWa. nspl toiv dv€v i/nj(^i(r/xaTos vfiere- 

7. Nat |MT(l i|rT]^((r|xaTos : see App. 
— iroXXijti X'ipi'' >cttTofl((nvoi : hitoing 
tiloUifihtd a cliiim to great ifiilitarie 
on gour pari. Cf. Antiplio. v. 61, t6 
T( ISiav rb airoi SiaTpi(Ba6ai Kal rf 

MeDBDd. in Meineke, Cum. Frag., IV. 
679, i.-rix" '^', *'>^-'t. Topi <roS 
tJi* xip"" ' 'ruii^'i' yip aliriii/ Scfila itpii 

8. vpotXo'juvDi : having »eized tht 
honor for ihnmsehti heforekand. To 
these men, bo greedj of praiee, (he 
way Ihrough coDspieuous desert ia 
too hard and long. 

see on § 42, 1. For siiiiiliir pljra&ea 
cf. Isocr, IS. 57, a*Tots fri^ftcraj«» Tors 
ILfyiarats Ti^aTt. Lys. ixvi, 20, afrroftt 
A 3$f£i)5 TQiT fttylff^at'i "rifiaii TfrifrnKtf. 

6. ctXXoSi )Li|GapAv: see on g 32, S. 

g 14. 1, tU VDp>S^np^ a proof that 
Aeschines doea not regard Solon as 


the author of all tin 

Alliens. See on § 3S. 3. — oiliv ^ 

Koivuvovvra : cf. % 36. 

xavra, in the B 

3 S, oirn . . . oCn : the proof ot 
(?aoh nogatian (oUowg it im mediately 
sa in I. 179, t(ipx'<r^ '« '''•>' Bwoanj- 
/ifuv aili Top' Jr/pDLi SUTir eiAit^^is, 
offrf irapi ToS Karny-pau- ij^^i Tip 
■far' a^AL tii flcfloTfu ' o£r< Topi rov 
^-KOKoyou/itvoii - Tals yip a\kaTp(ait ai- 

6. ov yip l£«rnv : " the enactment 
of a ne» law contradictory to one 
already existing is not a supposable 
niethod of settling tilings." — ciXXd 
OTpl TiSv kt\. : tc. T(flijffi i^iiBv. Thi* 
19 llie contrast to kMv inKainttaiina 
iif ... ti^v.2 i. "This law haa noth- 
ing to do with the law conteming 
iliose crowned hy the people, but it 
is in regard to thoae crowned vi'dout 


St. p. 69. 

pov aT€(f>ai/ovii€i/a)v vwo t(ov SrjfioTiov koI irepl tS>v 
Tov? OLKera^ dmekevdepovvrdiv koX irepl twv ^eviKOiv 
(TTetfxivoiVy Koi hiapprjhiqv dirayopevei fiiJT oiKenqv dire- 

10 Xevdepovv iv tS dea/rpq) iirjff* viro t(ov (I>v\er5)v ri 8rj[io- 
Tiop dj/ayopevecrdaL arecfiavoviievovy ixrjS" in dXXov, (j>7)crLy 

4:5 fiTjSevo^y ^ drLfiov eh/ai tov KrjpvKa, orav ovv diroSeC^ 60 
Tot9 [i€v viro TYJ^ fiovXrj^ are(^avoviieuoi^ to fiovXev- 
TTipiov dvappn)dy\vaiy Toi<; S' vtto tov hijfiov [o"T€<^a- 
i/ovjLte/ot?] rrfv eKKX-qaiaVy roi^ S* vtto tcjv SrjixoToyv 

5 [oTc^az/ovfLCi'ot?] direCTrrf iiyj KiqpvTTecrdai rol<; rpa- 
ycpSolsy Iva [MrfSel^ ipavil^ayv CTecfidvov^ /cat Krfpvy- 
[laTa xjfevSr} (j>i.XoTiiiiav /crarat, TrpocraTreLTrrj S' iv t(o 
vofio) [iTjS^ VTTO dXXov firjSevo^y — orav Se ris ravra 
dtf^iXrjy ri to KaTaXenroiievov ecm ttX7)v ol ^eviKol crre- 

46^ou/oi; OTL 8' dXrjdrj Xeyco, a"r)fieiov vfilu tovtov i^ av- 

9. Kal SiappTiStjv dirayopevei: Aes- 
chines first gives the general scope 
of the law, and then enumerates its 
separate prohibitions. 

11. \krfi' vir £(XXov |jli]8€Vos: made 
by the argument in § 45 to refer to 
^fviKol ffT4<papoi. It is therefore the 
especially important item in this enu- 
meration : hence firfSf, and not fi-fire, 

12. TJ ari|iov ctvoi tov KifpvKa : the 
penalty was imposed on the herald, as 
the most effective means of enforcing 
the prohibition. — rj: otherwise (Germ. 
sonst), like ei 5c ^^, Ar. Ran. 629. 

§ 45* 1. diro8cC{^ : sc. vofioderris 
from § 44. 2, which is also the subj. 
of the following verbs iiireiirri and 

5. Tots TpaYfpSots : see on § 36. 8. 

6. ipavCHwv: spoken bitterly, beg- 

7. vpoo*ave(iq| : he puts in the addi- 
tional prohibition. 

8. [Ltfi* viro dXXov fitiScvos : see on 

§ 44. 11 ; a virtual quotation from the 
law. See App. If the law contained 
this general prohibitory clause, and 
then added, for a special case, the pro- 
viso, ^au \l/r}<f>l<rr}Tai 6 Srj/xos (§§ 36. 8, 
47. 7), it is easy to see how Demos- 
thenes and Ctesiphon might pervert 
it to make it cover their case. Aes- 
chines has good reason to omit the 
proviso at this point; he wishes 
first to make it absolutely clear that 
this prohibition must refer to ^eyiKol 
<TT€<f>avoi. — Srav 8€ kt\. : a mild ana- 
coluthon. The form of the sent, is 
changed to reduce the argument to 
the formula of 'elimination by sub- 
traction,' to which Aeschines seems 
to incline. Cf. § 30. 

§ 46* 1. vTi^ftov : cf. Anaxim. Bhet. 
12, fftifxeiov df iirri r6 ye udifffiivov yl' 
yueaOtu vph rod irpdy/xaros ff ifia T<p 
irpdyfMTi ^ /Acre^ rh irpay/jLa • irotei 8 J r&p 


rav TOiv v6fi,ti}v eViSetfuj. avTof yap top "yfivtrovv ini- 
^(Xfof, OS O.V Iv T&J dearpot t^ iv aurei dvapprfd^, tMpov 
elvaL T^! 'AdrifOL-i keXevci o vofio^, a^eXo/xevoy roc 
6 trretfiavoifJuevov. KaCroi Ti? av iifiav To\ft7j<T€ie to- 
travTtjv dviKtvdtpiav Karayvoivai ; ftr) yap otl ttoXis, 
aXX' ovB' av iSiwrT/? ouSe ets oiItws dyefi'ijs ywoiTO, 
ajore &w avTO'i eScoK£ a-Ti^avov a/xa dua.K-qpvTTeiv 
KoX d<l)CLi,peia9ai. aXX' oT/j,at Std to ^eviKov elyat tov 

10 (rreif>avov Kal rj Kadi^ptinjtt; yCyueTai, It/a /nijSets aXXo- 
Tplav evvoiav Trepl TrXet'ocos Trotouittecos r^s Trar/Ji'Sos 

47;^e[pwi' yo'TjTai t^i* xjjv^fiju. aXX ouK eKervow tow ec r^ 
(KK^rqa-ia a.vapp'qd4vTa ouSeis KaOiepot, aXX' efeort kckt^- 
<j9ai, tfa jLt^ p.6vov avTos aXXa koi ot ef ineivov, c^oc- 
TEs ef T^ otKi'a Tou^ vTT6p.injpa, /ii^SeVore xa/col t^v 

mjftttiey rh ftiv otraBat rh Bi tUtvai^ 

Si ri JJ{av tiSovuitiIttiv ^p7"C^^"^>'' 
The plain man la not always con- 
Tinced by l!ie most valid Bjllngisin. 
Therefore Aeschines (.'linthes his argu- 
ment with tlie more popular proof 
from probability. " It is not probable 
tbat the Athenians irould immediately 
t»ke away from the receiver a crown 
beatowed hy themselTes." It suits 
hi* purpose to ignore the fact that 
this consecration am! public ejtpo- 
Bition of thE crown was an added 

3 f. Upjv tlvoL kt\. : this statement 
ta corroboraCcd by inscriptions. See 
Biickh, Staatshaashaltaug der All\fn''r, 
3d Qermao ed., Toi. 11. pp. 136, 143 ff. 

6. ifiav: the jurors are treated as 
representing the eovereign people, 
for tbe effectiveness of this form of 
argument, see on § 37. 7. 

~i. Nara-yfiwai ; with gen. in&y, lo 

lay to jDiir rhargc. — |ii] . . . Jn: not 
to sail a state, not evtn a private in- 
dividaal H. 1036 a. Cf. i. 132, pJJ 
-,ip Sti fi iriTfiatral Ti ToiTo-y, iAA" ([ 
3oJ(6 iitiv xapas-X^ifffai! BfSmiJru, ira- 
paBlBtatfii Tifv tU ifi^urhif Ti/xigplav iwo- 
fmy^irturSiu rp jriiA« wphs Toii 'EAAij- 
tia. Plalo Apol. 40 d, ol^a, ir ^1) Iri 

lutipidii^rBv! ir tipiif flirJu rairrai 
xpii TJi! SXAm iiiiipa! ital mIkthi. 

7, ov&i til; culmination of the em- 
phatic negation : lut.not one. H.290a. 

11. Tift irarplSM: prob. a common 
brachylogy for the eacophonoua Tfli 
rij! irarpfSoi. C/. i 


§ 47. 1. oJK . - . ouScU; another 
emphatic negative. Cf. § 46. 7, 

4. itireVvnM'B': pred., as a remindtr. 
Cf. 1. 35, Toi^' tsTvi iri/tr'niia toi t^ 
irx^luaTat. PlatO 

Pkaedr. 249 c, 

fl Si 3); Tals^sIF iri)^ 


6 ^fiv)(r]V €is Tov S'tjij.oi' yiyfwvTau Kat Sia tovto TrpocreffjjKci' 

6 fo/iooeTTjs jLiTjSe Kr)pvTT£cruai tov aXXorpLou (TT€<fiavov, 
iav jir} ^<fiC<ry]Tai 6 Sij^o?, lu' tj 7rd\ts ^ ^ov\ofi4f7] nva 
Twi' vfL^Tepiuv aTC<f>avovf 7rpe'cr/3et5 Tre'/ii|*a(ra Bey/B-jj toS 
Si}iJ.ov, 6 Se KTjpvTToiJ.evo'; fL€i^o) X'^P'-" ^^^W ''"'^*' '''Te'^a- 

10 VOVVTfUV Vp.LV, 071 KTJpv^aL €TT€Tpe^aT€. OTl S' (iXtj^ 

48 'ETTCtSai' ToiVuv i^aTrarwPTe^ vpo.'; Xsyoya-LV, cits TTpotr- 

yiypa-TTTai. ec tw I'd/Aw i^clvai arcif) auoiii', cdc j}rr}<f)La~q- 
Tai o S'^/xos, o.TVopi'TjpovtvtTt auTot; viTo/3a.\\^tu ■ vaX et 
yc ere Tts dXXjj ttoXis <TT^^a.vot ■ et Se 6 Sij/ios 6 'AOyjvaLwv 
5 a,7roSe'Set»CTat o"ot tottos, ottoi/ Set toSto yCyveirdai, dtrei- 
pr)Tai troi eftu Tijs lKK\rj(Tio.<; jii) KrfjpvTT€a6a.i. to yap 

■tiXiB, 6y 

6. [iirfiii diif nof, introducing . 
tual quol. from tlie law. itripi/TT 
like thai, S 44. 12, is the ■ " 

7. ii>i |ii] iC^i^linjTai 6 ijifun: Bee 
on g 45. 8, fitif iwi S\\i>« iiiiSfv6!. The 
ulniue on wlik'h tlie whole argument 
turns ia at Inst brought in with an 
apparent carelessn^EB which il the 
higheat art. Aasuniing (in 3l\^I!Tplol') 
hii interpretation to be the only cor- 
rect one. Aeachinea appears now lo 
be simply explaining w/iy the provis- 
ional clause was addeil, 

9. T«v o-rc+ovou'vTBV : a lees cam- 
mon const, than ^ to?! irriipariiiiin. 
H. 6Mb. Of. T)eai. 111. 32, ^.(fu.^ 
^^ol fiXiflv Tfif TimriKiToiy. 

The principle liere enunciated 
ia parallel to our reprobation of an 
citizen receiving an order 

of nobility from a foreign tovereign. 

§ 48, 1. J{airaT<uvT(t ; pres, of at- 
tempted action. G. 200, ti. 2; H.825. 
Contemporary with Kfyuirir wliicli re- 
fers to fut, time, GMT. 61, 3; H. 
016. — irpoir(*'7paiTTai; note the force 
of the pre p. 

3. air(i)iVT|jMiv«iim ; hear in mind. 
Of. memento mori. Hdt. v. 65. 

Si Xa! ' 

M T^ I 


M T 

4. -yt: strengthens the modification 
introduced by ti. See on Uayt, § 21. i. 

5. EttroS^StiKnu . . . dvi^pTfrai: the 
asyndeton eeU the prescriptive and 
the prohibitory sides of the U(r 
shsirply face to face. 

6. Top; explains irclprirat ktX. 
Aeschines' whole argument rests on 
the use of the clause of the law, jtA- 
\aei Si ii.tilai.ioS. See on § 32. 6. At 

this point, Aeschinet uem> to pass 


" aWoBi. Se jUTjSa^ow " o n ftniv, oXv^f tt}v rjiiipav Xc-ye ■ 
ov yap aTToSeifcis, ws ^nvofxa. ovTO<i yeypa.^O'. 

"Ecrrt Se uTToXotTT-w /ioi /zepo? ttJs fcaTTjyopia?, ei^* u 
/iaXicrra (TTrouSa^oj ■ ToGro Se itntv r/ 7rpd<^a<ns, St* ^v 
avToi' dftot (rTe<f)apova$ai. \eyei yap ovtoi^ iv to» i/»J7- 
tfita-paTL' "fcat tou K-qpvKa avayoptvuv iv toj Otdrpf^ 
6 TT/Jos Tous "EXXijiias ori orei^aTOt aLfT-of 6 Sij/*os 6 
'AffvjvaUau dperfj? ecefca wral dvSpaya^ia?," Kai to ^e- 

from the aupposed words of the jury 
to an indignant utlernnoe of his own. 
B. o^Tot ! i.e. Cteaiplion, prub. 
pointed out with h gesture. 


SS 49-'76. 

1) IntvodHcllon. 55 49, 50. 

§ 49« 1. i^ ^ juiXicTTa inrovEa£of: 
Aeschines must havt been tonstioiis 
of a certain dulocss in liis oration 
hitherto, and may well have heaved 
a sigh of relief on entering npon 
a more congenial theme foe hie ora- 
tory. Tlie hope of forcing Demos- 
thenei to follow him in the same 
infelieitouB order wns doubllees a 
great consolation to him. 

Ancient rbetaricians are iodine d 
to regard the addition of Fart II. as a 
miGtake on the part of Aeschines. Cf. 
Sj-rianua (Wain, Bhel. Gr. IV. 206), 
Aiffx'"Jt f' '"f ""Ti KTTjffifioiPTOi alrK 
ipKtrBf\s Trapimnor Sti(n rh Ypai^l^c 
i^^^lir^a, a\Kik TpooBiii &s Bvii Gfrni 

TiBin^i Tfli Tur olnttiiiv irnKiTiviiirirv 
SiffiSBV Kixop^TVitr i^Bonv ■ ti Si 
rtpi fiifOv ftrnj rb Kpii'6fityoyr Barrnv 
a» tJ\f flii;ioffW^» Ti/iipxov. Tilis is 
a very superficial tIcw of tbe trial. 
Aoschines aimed not so niiieh at the 
coodemuatioD of Cteaiphon &a at the 

annihilatian of Demoathenea. In the 
condemnation of Timarchua he ee- 
cured a subetantial victory, gaining 
hit defensive battle. In this offen- 
sire battle anything abort of crush- 
ing his great rival must be a defeat. 

It was a blunder on Aeachinea' part 
to betray <Jis personal snimoaity in 
the first sentence of Part II. Hith- 
erto he has posed as the champion of 
venerable laws, letting them speak 
tbrongh him (seeon g 23. 9). When 
he again, §§ 202, 210, maintains that 
Demuslbonea is not personally inter- 
ested in the case, and has no right to 
speak, his disingenuonsneea is bare- 
faced enough aeriously to impair the 
effect of his oratory. 

Il may be added here that to com- 
mit the case to the jury without the 
addition of Part II. would have been 
fatal. Athenian juries were not vei'y 
ctosel}'' bound by legal considera- 
tions. The orator who most skilfully 
moved their pnsBiona won hia case. 

6. Kpii Tovt "EUiivas ; prob, not 
words of the ifJi^.u^a- but here given 
as if a part of it, in order to make 
Clesiphcni's inlonlion appear in a verj 
ndiuua light. The orators often in- 
dulge in such perversions in citations. 
Sec on 55 loi ,,!«,, 142.7. 

6. mipayaiHai: the decree prob, 
had tiniv. qf. CIO. No. 107, iftrflt 


8t. p. a 

yitrrov • " ort StareXei \eyoiv koX -npaTTtnv to. apitrra t^ 

508»/^iu." aTT^ovs 8^ TravTanacrii' 6 /xera ravTa ijfiti' Xoyos 

ytywETat, «ai u/iti- axoiJtratrt Kplvai tvjiaQi'j'i • Set yap Sjj 

TTOU roi* ^cf KorrjyopovJTa epe tov6' eTj-tSetKrnJ^ai, 

01? eto'ii' ot KCLTO. ^TfjioiTvivovi iwaiiroL i/jeuSets Kai cos 

[ 6 ovT rip^a-TO oure i-Ci' StareXet npaTToii/ to, avjiijiepovTa 

Tw Btjp<i), kov tovt cTTtSetfa), StKat'ojs St^ ttov 7^w 

yparfrtjv aXwcrcTat Krr/cn.cjiaii' ■ airavTe^ y^P o-irayopeuov- 

(TLV 01 I'djLioi pTjoeva. ^pevBrj ypdtfitLv ev 70ts STjjiiocrtois 

}py}'l>icrpaa'i,. Tw S' a.TToXoyavp.ivo} roiivavTlov tovtov SetK- 

10 reov ioTtv, v^aets S' t^/alc ^a-ttrd^ riau Xoyoat xpiTal. 

^ei S' OUTC09- 

51 'Eyti TOf ^61/ (Qt'oc toi- Ar/pocrBivov^ i^erd^ew 

SrtKa Hal (ii-olai IjV tx"'!' (toTiXfi 
irpii rill B^fioii. Aeachines Bubati- 
tutee irS^iaTa^lai ae eerTing to point 
a thriut at DetnoBtbcncB' coward- 
ice, a tlireadhare topic with him 
and Dinarchuo. C/. § 152. 4. Di- 
oarch. J. la, 71, 81. — to (u'ykttov: 
Bppoi. to the sent. G. 137, n. 3; 

7. fin 

r not to-orii, wiih 

§ fiO, 1, oitXavi; Himplidty implies 
tnitli. Cf. Cic. Off. i. 13, quod ve- 
rum est idem siraplcx. Eur. 
PAuen. 460, iir^oCj { ^Mdi t^j oAjj- 
Petot (^B. Dt-m. xxiii. 24, BtflffoirBf 
Si; Tpbi AAs ^i airXui vol Sucafui xp^ 
iro».oi r^ ^Jtv- Slittlt. J. C. iii. 3. 'a 
plain blunt man,' 

2, nijuiB^t: paae,, spoken hy way 
of encouragement to hearera prob. 
lomewhat muddled by the painful 
elaborateneKs of the argument con- 
cerning the Dionyaiac law. 

4. Kara; common with gen. after 
a and kindred wordi. C/. g§ 134, 

241. Dem, VI, 9; STill. 215. So 
freq. in Plato, 

7, airavTti o[ vofun, : had there been 
am BUch prohibitory law, Aeichioea 
would hare quoted it. The taUifying 
of public documents, which may well 
hsTe been made punishable by statute, 
was a very different thing from secur- 
ing; the pasEage of a bill with a false 
preamble, wliich is the only offence 
with which Ctesiphon is here charged. 
AeachineB ib joggling with words. 
Tlie fact that Demosthenes makes no 
attempt to unmask this trick shows 
Ikiw little BtresB Greek orators bt^fore 
a unurt laid on legal considerations, 
wlien personal considerations pressed. 

11, lx» S' ovnn : formula of tran- 
eition to a following thoDgbt. Qf. 
Xi:n. Ah. V. 6. 12. 

2) DemoslhtB 

II umcBrlhi/ of tht 
■a of his private lift. 

I 1. |Wv; correl. to it, § 54, 
I. — pCov: I'.e, tSiay fliov. Contrasted 



IKLKporipav \6yov ipyov ■qyovfiai eluat. ri yap bei 
vw Tavra Xeyetv, ■?) to. Trepi t^v rov Tpavp.aToz "YP"-' 
<f>r)v avTw a-vp^t^r/Kora, or iypdxjjaTo eis 'Apetov iri- 
6 ■yoi' A.-r/pope^T/i' roc Tiaiai'Lia dveijtibv ovra iavr^, 
SSfcal TT]!' rrj'i K€(j)a\-tj<; iTrvrop'qv ■ tj ra Tt€pi n}v Ktj^l- 
(ToSoTou (TTpaTTjyCcu/ Kal top Toiv vtSiv eKirkovv rov eh 81 
'EXXtjViTocTOJ', ore efs tot' t^u Tpiijpdpxon^ f ai ■nepidyatv 
Tov oTpaTTiyov Kal (rva-cnTS)u Koi trwOvtou Kat trvcrjre'c- 

wilh Twi' JiifiDfflav HucriiiiTiBr, g 54.. 1. 
The uEual form of contrast ia leen 
in 5 Z03. 2. 

2. fiaKporf pOB ; loo hag. — ifap; sc. 
"and I will not do it." ParaleipaiB 
lends itself readily to inainualioDs 
Bgainet the character of an opponent, 
ainte tlie rhetorical figure relieves one 
of the neCBBsitj ot accurate proof of 
the charge thrown out. C/. §§ 303, 
304; t. 3(1, /yii Y^ iaa liiy ra7i £r e!s 
rh a&fis T^ iaxjTOv yjudpT^Kev af ^77^1 - 

4. <1| 'AfHiov ir^YO*' cBeea of ae- 
sault with intent to kill, as well as of 
murder, came before this court and 
iuvotved 8ucli penalties as exile and 
conflictttion of property. See Sclio- 
mann, I, p. 311. The charge that De- 
moBthenes cut tiis own head in oriler 
to bring the suit i» made in § 313 
with clinracteriatic einggeration, ^u- 
pubii HaTarirHJilci. Cf. II. 93, TpSTf- 
pof S' brifLtirm lijy iTiffoXiir rfjs fiat- 
A^I TBI i( 'ApilDU irii7r>u ovK ^jriJiiK rp 
TUB rpav/inTO! 7)Mipp. h' i■^pi'^al Aij/"'/'^ 
Ail» rhr tlai^nJa if^urn (na, inntiiiir 
■riiv aairrtiS ittfaMii: A similar charge 
occart in Dem. xl. 32, ourot i/ial 
litri !tfttK'\loV! iTTiBovhiiiras kqI i£ 
ivTiAirylai Kal AoiSopfai -wXTtyas aucatf/d- 
litvB!, Iwereiiiiii riiv xepaAitf bStdS rpoil- 
fiaTOi fis^Apiioy vdyop fit irpOKoXfOarPt 
iii ^vyaSriaav in t^s v6K9<05. This 
auit (TpafJ) TptiiwQs (k rpotoiat) 

seems to have been a 
method of aanvfiiu'Tia. 

6. Ai||io)iAtiv : son of Demon, De- 
mosthenes' father's brother, and 
brother of Demophon who was en- 
gaged to Demosthenes' sister. The 
quarrel doubtless grew out of the liti- 
gation over Ihe inheritance. See 
Schaier, I. p. 271. 

§ fiS. 1. Kigi^urtiSifTBii ; leader of 
the fleet sent 369 e.c. against Chui- 
Jeinus, who was then with difficulty 
upholding the cause of Cersobleptes 
in Thrace. Cephlsodotus was oev- 
ertlielcEs forced by Charidemus to 
conclude a dishonorable peace. See 
Sehafer, I. p. 140. 

3. mpiiiYiiiv : the commander sailed 
on the ship of Demosthenes, 1 
the triorarchs. Cf. [Dem.] t. 53, V 
ainotpirap bt i KtfXXiTFOj ii)s »•** 
vfpiirjoi tir KaWttrrparBV. Dem- 
xxiii. 163 S. gives an eye-witneH* re- 
port ot this expedition. For the prea. 1 
parties, referring to time prior to that I 
of oiK «.^«r, SCO GMT, 16.2; H. 


4 f. DemoGthenes' crime is [tainted 
in the blackest colors, the strengUi 
of Cephisoiiotus' claipi on him beiDg 
emphasized by tlie thrice-used s ' 
composition, and tvTpmis. Demoa- ' 
Cbenes may, however, in I 
haveallowed tliepatriot witbinUmto I 


81, p. 81 

5 S(ui', Kttl TovTiov d^tw^els Stii to irarptKos aurw ^i\os 
eTi-ai, ovK tUfo^crci' air' ettrayyeXta? avTov Kpi.vo)J-ivov 
iTEpl Oavdrov KaTqyopo<i ycvfa-dai, ■ kol ravT tjSt) to. 
trepi MetStaj/ Kal tous tfocSuXou?, 0V5 eXa/Sei' eV rp op- 
XV^^P? X°PVy^^ ^''> '^^^ *"5 dneBoTo TpiaKOvra. pi/Siu dfia 

10 TTJf T€ etS aWOJ' V^piir Kal TTfV ToS SjJ^OV KaTOX^lpOTO- 

h^fia-v, r/v ec AtonJtrou »care;3(«poToi'*;cre MeiSi'ou. raCra 

suppresa the friend, as in cases referred 
to in §§ 77, 224. Moreover, the fact 
that Demoaiheot's furnished the best 
trireme prob. had aa muc'li to do wiih 
CephiaoiiDtUB' selecting his ship, as lie- 
reditary friendBliip. cy, [Dem.] L.5», 
E(i -rairiss ris tdrlm i Tiii6/iaxi>' (tlie 
admiral) oCk iitiyKai* viipaKait8i*'i' 
raOrar tV voDv, rri li Kal doi'Xj^M'oi 
atFT^r ji^irdaj t^ itt^J its Sptffra r\to6irjj. 

7- iTipl BavtiTou; on a cnpiW c/iavje. 
C/: Dem. IT. 47, tSk iTTpaTnyuv tua- 
oTOi 8I1 Kal Tpls (cpli/eToi rtfi iiHv ^tp\ 
BayiTBu, — KarrlYOpoi: prob. onlj as 
witness, Euthyeles, the friend for 
whom Demosthenes wrote the ora- 
tion against Aristocrates (xxin), ivaa 
□ne of the accusers. In this ora- 
tion, hatred of Charidemus prompts 
Demosthenes lo a compnratiTely 
mild judgment of Cephisodotus (ifcirf. 
S§ 167 f.). — Kal flBij: "no sooner do 
we pass one disgraceful topic than 
another presents itself," — rd vtpl 
MtiSiov; obj,of X^7(iv, 851. 3. This 
famous case of assault and battery, 
mentioned hy Aeschines with evident 
glee, was not at all discreditable to 
Demosthenes. Midias, cherishing nu 
ancient grudge, uommitled the aa- 
BBnlt upon him publicly in the thea- 
tre of Dionysus at llie Great Diony- 
sio, 350 B.C., when Demosthenes whs 
clad in the festal rohe of a chore- 

gas. On the following day, the 17th 
of Elaphebolion, the people, assem- 
bled in the theatre of Dionysus, ou 
complaint (^rpoBoKi) of Demosthenes 
passed a vote of censure (cnraxfifie- 
Toffa) against Midias. See L. and 
S. s.r., KBToxsvoTovJo, This prejudg- 
ment of the case allowed Demosthe- 
nes to go before the regular court at 
a great advantage. See Schumann, I. 
pp. 302 f, 

9. Am'SoTTi; 3dW. Dem, XXI, (^Aym'nst 
ifiJias) was prob, not delivered. 

10. niv TOS S<i|uni KaraxtipoTDvCav : 
Dem. is here represented as basely 
abandoning the people who shared 
the insult, and all tor thirty minael 
Demosthenes waa, however, at thia 
time, a man of little influence, Tlio 
rich and powerful Midias, the friend 
of Enbnlue, might secure an acquittal 
if the case were pushed. The vote of 
censure and the mere /act of a pay- 
ment by Midias, as a quasi confession 
of guilt, saved Demosthenes' honor. 
The words of the oration, xxi. 103, 

•pirrq! iKiTrm . . . tip' ^ flip infiuos 
ini^Kty aJnlv qui iirftt\ei.y, abif,uis 
tyay' Iti vpajStofiai SIkt,!, iX\- iKurhr 
Ix", contain a rebuke of another per- 
son who failed to follow up a com- 
plaint once announced, IC Is strange 
tlint Demosthenes did not suppress 
them in publishing the oration. 

11. iv AiQvm-m- ac.SciTpv- C/.u,6t. 


AI2XINOY KATA KTH21*nNT05 S3. 54' 

lj,fv ovv fioL SoKto Kal ToXXa TOi TovToi<i ofioia virep^rj- 
CTetr^at, ov irpoStSous vfia^ oOSe tov dycijua Kara^api^o- 
fia^os, aW €KtLvo (/io/3oujaa'os. jLtV Z^**^ "Tap' vfiSiv dirau- 
5 rjjoT/ TO hoK^lv d\T)9rj pkv Xeyew, dp^^ala 8e koI \itw 
op.oKayovfj.G't.. /caiVoi, (S Krr)<ri(fKi>i/, i(f>' ^ to. p-eyiara 

Tttil' alcXpav OVTO)^ i<TTl TTHTTO. Kol yvdpipa TOtS d,KOVQV(TlV, 

w(rT( row Kar^yopov fii) SoKelv i/ievS^ \eyeiu aXXa TToXcua 
Kal Xiav Trpo(op.o\oYqp.4fa, irorep' avTov Set ^pucrw otc 
10 (fxiuat iTTeij>avia0rjvai ^ \jj^y€CTdai ; Kai crt tov to. napd- 
vopa ToX^uura ypd(f)£iv vorepa ^i) KaTa<f>pov€tv rSiv Si- 
KarrTtjploiV rj BIkt^v tt) ttoXei SoCvai ; 
I 54 Ilepl 8e rwi/ Sij/ioiritoi' dhi.Kjjp.d7(av T!ti.pd< <Ta.- 

^itnepov cltTttv. koX yd.p pdWctv Atj^oct^c- 

S &3> 3. od irpoGiGoilf v|ut ; Aes- 

chinea artfully apologizea to the ju- 
Tors for treSiting Demos Ihenes bo 
tenderl}', — Narax.afilJpiiNii : ahnndon 
out ef favor (o Aim, Cf. Plalo Apol. 
36 c, jirl Tr^ KiiTBXtplifTea, tA Efxatn. 
4. dirovn]aTi : cf, i. 164, firtiT" ou 

e/ I, 44, Tipi ixty t£» 47^00 u,*.'*a.^ 
on^tii ita! TipaaiiKii ris iirii8<(f<i! a-oi- 
■Tcr^H rhr itaHiyi'lX'r, irrpl 81 rii* ifioXo- 
you/iiraip ob \iii¥ tyatyt fiJya fpyoi' ttfat 
miilia T^ Konrropf'''- Aeschinea uses 
this argument with great skill. See 

6. S Ettio-i^m' : apoBtrophe is com- 
mon in this oration. Cf. §§ 56, 131, 

163, 165, 200, 202. 24a «(c. — i+' .f: 

in Khosg rast. Cf. Soph. 0. C. 414, 
■bI Tavr' iip' jiiHy teiBas ilfHiKiis mipii. 

10. ^ytrttki-. the vox contraria 
to hm-Ty. Cf. Plato Oorg. 483 b, ol 
-riSi/iti-ai roll yi/iOBS irplt airoit Kal Ti 
airtis iniififoy Kol rabt iraiytvs jirai- 

nvffi Kal Toiii 1)1^701/1 ■^iyootir. — Kal 
iri : in hU vehemence against Demos- 
thenes the speaker must not forget 
that Ctesiphon is really on trial. 

This section is in Aesohines' best 
anil sliarpest manner. 

3) Frothesia of the succeeding irtrd- 
»fnlofl}ieiy,ti6jmitiitii^aTa. §§54-57. 
The prothesis is in place before the 
largest topic in the direct proof. 

§ 54. 1. W: see on ^ir. § 51. 1.— 
iTa^iimpov : more eiplklllg, i.e. than 
about liis private life. Cf 204. 10. 

2, Kftl fip- "■. "and I wilt be Ihni 
expliuil," H. 1050, 4 d, last clause. 
Lest this comprehensive review of 
Demosthenes' public career shall 
seem an ((tiBir \6yos (Dem, sviii. 9) 
in a Tapuviiiaiv ypaipi it is here af- 
firmed thai DemoBlhenea himself has 
already outlined the diacuaaion. More 
effective is Demos llienes' connter- 
thrnst (xviii. 4) that Aeachinea is lo 
blame for shaping the discussion so 
that he, the speaker, must apeak in 


vr]v, eVetSai' avToli 6 Xoyos diro^oSfjy KaTapifffiela-Qai. 
npos v(xas w? apa rg TToXet Te'rra/jey tJStj yeya/r/vTai. 
5 Kotpol ey ots av70s TreTToXtreurai. wf efa fikv koX ttiip- 
Toju ■npSfTov, (US eyoiye dtcoiSw, KaraXoyi^cTai iKtivov tov 
-)(^p6vov iv <o TTpos •StXiTTTTOi' uTTtp A/x^tTToXeMs inoXe- 
fiovfiev • TOVTOV S' a<j)opC^iTai tq ■yei'o/xc'i'^j eip-rjvri koi 
(Tvp-pa^La, rjv ^iKoKpavi)^ 6 'Ayvoucrtos ey/iai/ie koi auros 

vicrOai oc -t)yop,ev ^povoif ttjv tlprjvTjv, SijXov on p-^XP*- 

pntise of himself. — irwSavo|iai |u'X- 
X.iv; c/, §§ 189, 255. 

3. KaTapi(lp,(trS(u : used here and 
§ 55. T of a formtil and < 



4. lit WTTaptB TiTfi'viiVTai KOipol: 

this is not a genuine attempt at hh- 
ticipation. An arrangement which is 
very convenient for tlie speaker in 
breaking up for his hearers a lery 
long narrative, as a long journey is 
broken to the traTcUer by milestones, 
is ascribed by pure invention to his 
opponent. Ue thus ecores a point 
with the jury for kindly adapting 
himself to the plans of the opponent. 
Demosthenes makes no such formal 
division of liis publiu life. He fur- 
thermore, ignores Aeschints' fourth 
period, and claims that ths events in 
the flrst, ami in much of the second, 
ace irrelevant. 

6. avTos : representing the em- 
phatic i^6 of the dir. disc., lyii tit-m- 

6. M l-^uyt cLkowj : persistent hold- 
ing on to the idea expreesed in 2 f. 

7. \powv iv ^ ktA. : First Period, 
357-346 n.c. — jir/p: not esactly like 
ript (see on § 10. 11), but indicating 
that the abject of the war was the 
recovery of Amphipolis, vrhich the 

Athenians regarded as stolen from 
them by Philip. See Introd, § 13. 

8. ii4K.plJ(Tn( Tji 7fvo(i/vil (tpTl'vii: 
Schol. in-! Top /iixpi T^i -ytfoiiirtis (i- 
p^Jj'tli, aiiKXanSij'av ailTJ)!' T^ir ilp^r^v. 

9. ^lXonpcCttp : see Grote, XI. c. 68. 
pp. 175 ff. As Fhiiocrates has been 
convicted of taking bribes, both De- 
mos the nea (c/! 3t VIII. 21 ) and Aeschines 
falsely disavow all complicity with 
him, and charge this upon each other. 
Sixteen years have elapsed since the 
events here discussed, and a new gen- 
eration has arisen (c/ Dem. xviii. 50, 

fore whom the siteakers can be bold 
in their affirmations. In I., delivered 
34G B.C., before the impeachment of 
Fhiiocrates, Aeschines is not aniioua 
to disclaim complicity with him. Of. 
1. 174. ifV"' ('■»■ Dem.) tV t'/^-Ti^r^^ 
Si' ifiau Hoi ♦lAoHfiiiToui ytfirDntinjr. 

§ fiS. a. Sv XP"'""'- equiv. to riv 
XpJsin' Sr. 0. 15*; H. 905. Second 
Period, 346-340 B.c. — fl'YO(iwn]»it|nf- 
vii» : STtiii tlfrlirTir, keep a peace ; (xeiv 
sitrifVTiv^ have peace, BO far as the ad- 
versary is concerned, also graitl peace, 
after the analogy of airyyrtitiiii' Ix"* 
riri. The Mss. freq. confound theae 
phrases. — GViXov Snt cquiv. to an 
adv. H. 1049, 1 a. 


TT]5 r)ii€pa$ iKfCtnjs if ^ KaraXutras ttjv inrdp^ova'av e 
pijinjv Tp 7rd\ei 6 avros oSros prJTfup typa^e rov jrdXe- 

5 /lof ■ rptrov 8e oi/ eVoXe/iioS/iei' \p6vov p^XP^ "^^ amj^ia? I 
T^s ey Xatpwi/eta, rerapTov St ror vSc irapovra Kaipov. 
Tavra Se Ka.Tapi6p.T)<rdp€vo<;, cos aKovw, yie'XXei /xe napa- 
KaXelf /cai fTTtpoijav, ttolov toutwc toJc TeTrdpoiv aii- 
Tov Kixipiav KaTT)yop(ii koX Trdre avTov oi to. /SeXrwrra ^/ii 

10 r^ St^/xo* TreTToXtTeuCT^ai" Kctf /i,^ ^e'Xw diroKpCi'aa'&ai, dXX' 
iyKaKvirTtiipoLi kcll dirooLOpda-Kw, eVKaXw|»eu' ju,e ^ijtri 
TTpoCTcXpioi' Kat IXffiJ' eVi to ^rjpa Koi dvayKdauv iItto- 

3. Kai-oAviras: only instance of 
nflinAiie.v for ^liiic (t)]* ti/i^Mip). 

4, ^Tup^ i.f. not the eoldier to 
whom wars belong. Cf. S 148. 8.— 
f\pai|(i ; ill a passage (Dem, xviii. 
76) tlie lenor of wliioh it is diOicuU 
to harmonize with the rest of the ora- 
tion, Demostlienea denies that lie was 
the mover of this bill. But Philo- 
choTUR in Dionys, ad Am-ni. i. H ex- 
plicitly afflrma it, At)>iiw8(i'sui Tpoica- 
Kimvras 'ASTivaiovs tphs t>>i TiiKtfioii 

T^ip iikv ffT^Aiji' naSfhdv riiv npi rfii 
rpis */\iinroi' (Jjriimt sal O'lifinaxl"! 
ffToStiaav, vaZi ii Thi\poiii' Hal t^ i\Xa 
iftpyiir ri rov ■oA^iisu. The removal 
of the column, which was the formal 
declaralton of war, took place in HO 

6. Tpt™v: Third Period,340-33eB.c. 

6. n'Tii(>Tav: Fourth Period, 338- 
330 B.C. Unless Cteaiphon had re- 
newed in 330 hia bill first proposed in 
33a (aee Introd. g 24), any attempt 
to bring the time between 336 and 
330 into the case, would hare been 
so manifestly unfair that it would 
have operated agalnat Aeschines. He 
was too clever to fall into such an 

a-hat > 

[ou: Ren. of the thine after 
i as in 5 56. 8, Kr. Spr. 47, 
avTov : dependent on icufwii: 
! 0/ ikese fuuT periods ofhii I 

S. Kal Iran kt\. i this clause ii 
added to take up the very words of 

Cieaipbon's bill. 

or abame. — diroSiSpdB:i[B : favorite 

metaphor of Demosthenes. Cf. 
Dem. viii. 3, kbI pJh Tori ifpi Tar 

iKKtifv ffopiffots ttai rGi?T HurTtyoolau 
iwb TOVTUV ii-oSpivai. II. 74, iag. 
ipdaiaSiti T* rptty/iora. XL, 54, ir«- 
S.SpiaKi,r t),* 4A«e.,a^. — (kwA*- 
i)i€iv: apoken with reference to ^e- 
^iWru/wi. Thia and the two pre- 
ceding verba look like a quot. from 
the epoken oration of Demosthenes; 
but that Deiiiosthenca should actu- 
ally hare put such a question aa 
this after Aeacbinea had finished hia 
oration surpass ea belief. This ia 
prob. a part of Aeachinee' poor at- 
tempt at anticipatiou. See Introd. 

12. fX^iv Kal'yKairnv •■ charac- 
lerizLtip Demos thenea' arbitrary aad 
tyrannical manner. Cf. § 150.4 f. — 
TO Pn^: see on J 207. 8. 



Kpa/acrtfat. iv oivv fi-qff o5to5 liT)(ypLl,yyrai'; re 
7r/)oeiSijTe, eyw dfroKpCvofiai cvavrlov crot TtSe Sticacrrwi', 

I Aijjitocr^ei'es, koX tS>v aXXwv jtoXitw, ocoi ye c^tuBiv 
TTCpteoTStrt, fcat rfctc EWt^vwi-, otrots eTri/AcXes yeyovev 

I 6 iTraKoveif TiJtrSe rijs KpCa-fo}^ • opS) 8e owk oXtyous irapov- 
TO.!;, aW otTovs ovScis iTaiiTOTe fiefivrjrai. npo^ ayZva 
SrifiOtTLOV irapaya/opevov; ■ aTroKpLvo/iai Stj, oti aTravrwi' 

I 67twi' TeTTcipiuv KaipSsv KarqyapSt, oaov; crv Bi,ai.pci, k&v 
01 TC 0eot OeXoxrt Koi ot St/faorai ef iirov -rjfiav dKovoMTt 
Koyoj a.Tropmjp.avevo'ai. a crot. uvvoioa, irdw 
TTpocrSoKO} eViSeifetv tois Stxaorais r^s /icr aoiTTjptas Tp 

§ G6. 1. UrxuplSnTOi : laxufilCfal 

perba el importune, non n 
gumeDlorum pond ere, eeii st 

quidilaesaeasieverat.ut i 
.e pronunliet, et niendnc 

affirment Scerai, ad loc. C/.Tbuc . 
*ii. 49. ], A ^h Nmiai TKrauTa A^yuf 

2. diroitplva^ai ; see App. The an- 
■wer being lield in auipenae, the verb 
is repeated below with eniphasiB. 

3. I^mttv: i.f. outaide the lattice 
(Spifaxrei, cf. Xen. Eeli, ii, 3. 55), 
lepftmting Che court from the Tisitori. 
Cf,T>eai. xrui. ig(i,TolisTcpiirrniiiTat 

6. «jit JXlYOvt icr\- : Cic. De Opt. 
Die. Gen. 22, ad quod judi ' 

Quid , 


§ 57. Z ii l/rw. ace. to the heU- 
aalic oath: cf. Beta. xxiv. 151, iiipa- 
iirofiai ToD KatTty^iiou Hal Toi diTD^iryou- 
fiivau ifinlus i/ifotv. The oath ia par- 
tiully counted in 11. I, jtipai iitmnatid- 
rar Toiiy apr iS^Kbjy ifioteit ifupordpo}!' 

3. diro)ivii|M>v(v(rai: hy sucli phrEiaes 
the ormura assume the Hppearance of 
apeakinir extempore. There is atao 
an implication that Demoalhenei' 
Crimea are so nmnerous that it is a 
Btrnin upon the memory to retain 
them alt. — val: bj addressing De- 
mosthenes the speaker ia enabled to 
throw hia address to the jurors into 
Che third pers., and put the ques- 
tion of their fairnesa in the most 
respectful manner, — o^vatEo, : the 
word is akil fully chosen, implying 
(1) "you know it as well as I," (2) 
the knowledge of somcttting agaiait 
DenioBtheiiea, For Che laCCer impli- 
Ej<. Cor. 4. 4, aiSiii yip 

irpoD-Gaicw: UBually of things not 
md Eng. exped 



6 7roX,ei TOiJs Beoii^ atTt'ous yeyein/fiei/ovi koX tous ^ikav- ' 
BptoTTOi^ Kol fierpCai'; rots Trjs TrdXe&j; Trpay/iatrt \p7}<raii^- 
vous, TWi' §€ a.Tvxr)fi.iiT(iiv avdvrenv ^-qpoadivrjv. koI XPJJ- 
a-ofiai rrj ra^et raurp, ]j /cat ToSroi' Trvi/Bdi/o^at fidWfif, 
Xe^oi Se TrpbiTov nepl tou irpwrou Kaipov kol Sevrepov 

10 jrept ToS BevTcpov tcai rpCrov nepl toO Et^ef^s tat te- 
TapTov Trept Ttoc tajvl<rT7}K6T0iv TrpaypaTtov. Kal S^ 
Inavayoi ipavTov iirl TyjV elprprqv, rjv <TV Kal ^tXoKpd- 
njs eypdrjiaTe. 

58 'Tjitti' -yap i^eyiucT df, Si acSpe? 'A0T]vaiot,, t^i' Trpo- 

repay tlp'qvy^v iroitjiraiT^at /ierd *cotj'o5 trweSpiou twi* 

5. Kal Toils ^iXav4(M>inK ktX. : I'.e. 
Philip and Aleiander. C/.Polyb.y. lo. 
1, ♦/AiTirot wirfffot 'Aftiraloui t)j* i» Xai- 
pwiiff^ liixn'i "S toooBtoj' ijmffe Ji^ rar 
iwkuy iaav Sii T^i ^iritiii([Bt leal f>i\E>~ 
fl/Kuirfn! TBI' Tp6irar. Diodor. xvii. 62. 
T, 'ABnuuoi ixlf oZf Trapit iriii^as Tobt £a- 
Aoui 'EJAijiias iir" "AAifiti'Bpou irpiwijuii- 
^f I'D! TJiv ^o-i/xlaf ^yoi' (01. 1 12. 3,330- 
29 B.Q.). Philip had treated Athens 
with ipecial kindness becnuse lie knen 
that the cO'OpeTatton of the Athenian 
fleet in hla Asiatic campaign was of 

great importance t 
Athenian policy 
due to the influen 

ohim. Aleiander's 
vas perhaps partly 
e of Aristotle. 

with telling oratoricAl effect. Fur the 

view thill Demosthenes' policy was 

the bane of Athen 

.r/S 134.6. Arist. 

Rltel. ii. 24. 8, £[ d Aq^iEJSoi i-V AvficaSi- 

(ABfifidvci)' Plut. Dem. 16, 4 t) rav 
Ajj/iOffflt'i'oi'i iroXiTi/a fiartpik fiJii iS* In 

8. iiAXtLv: ac, xpitf<r6ai. 

9 ff. This apparently uncalled (or 
and flat enumeration may be intended 
to disarm suspicion of artifice. 

11. KalSTJ: accoTdingly, 

4) Dtntosthenes is responsible fir 
Peace of Philocrates. j§ 58-78. 

&) Inlroduclim. §§ 58-61, Aes- 
chines simply ignores the important 
period of Demosthenes' activity con- 
taining the First Philippic and the 
three Oljnthiacs. 

§ 58. 1. iii^vtT iv: v!ould have 
been altoKeii. Cf. Hdt. T. I05, & Z<E, 
iKyfyiaBm fuii 'hS^raiotis rlaa^ai. — 
T^v wporfpcv )Ipiiwi|v: tlie Peace of 
Philocrates, 348 B.C. After Chaero- 
nea, in 338 b.c, a second peace, the 
Peace of Demadea, was negotiated 
with Macedonia. 

2. vwcGplou: convenlion. This was 
to be held at Athens and attended 
by delegates from all the states of 
Greece, with a view to forming a 
alliance against Philip. Demosthe- 
nes is here, as in §§ &h 63, accused of 
forestalling the assembling o( this 
congress by rushing the peace-nego- 


'EXXtjwuv, et Ttwes u/^as etaa-av wept/xeu'ai rag rrpea-fieia^, 02 
as i^TC iKiKiTOfifj)6T€<; KaT iKeivov Toi- Kaipov ets T171' 
5 'EXXaSa, TropaffaXoOyTes errt ^iiXtTTTrof, Kai TTpa'i6vT0<i tov 
)(p6vov irap' iKOfTaiu rtuf 'EXXijVwf a.TTo\a^f1v rriv ■ijye- 
fLOvCav • Koi TovTiov a'iT€iTT€p-Q9r]Te 8id Ajj/iotr^ei^i' Kai 
^tXoKpdrrjv Koi ras Towrwv SciipoBoKia<;, as eS((>/>o8d- 

&9K0VIr (rUCTTttlTCS CTTl TO Sr/^iOCTlOf TO Vp.€TepOP. €1 OC TllTlI' 

vpZv €^ai<f>irrii; aKoutracrif aTTHTrdTepos irpoa-ireirrtiiKev o 

tintions through the Atbenian assem- 
bly before the Brrivnl of the dole- 
gates. Id it. 79 Aeschines admits that 
he himself ndvocated the peace be- 
cause he eitv Athens abandoned by all 
allies. Detn. xix. 16 accuftes Aeachi- 
nes of epetttiog outrageous words in 
llie presence of the delegntes, while 
Dem. Jtvni, 23 (the reply to this paa- 
snge) states that all (he Greeks had 
long before returned a negative an- 
swer 10 the invitation of Athens {ri- 
*«iir!£fT(i Vai'<f«\7jA<7#.^i.oi). This 
mutual oontradiction of the two ora- 
tors, as nell as tbeir incODsistencies 
with themselves, are discussed, nith an 
attempt to elicit the truth, by Grole, 
XI. c. 89, pp. 106 ft. Sohfifer, II. pp. 
200 ff. 

3. T.v.'»: see on 7-,v.'j, § 1.3. 

4. i]T( I inniTO|ii^Ttt : the compound 
form eniphaaizes the continuance of 
the reaall down to the time referred 
to. GMT. 17, 2, N, 2. 

6. imp' iKirrm \ a reminder of the 
Confederacy of DeloB. Cf. Thuc. 
L 96. 1, iri/iaAaiS^tTct Sc sC 'A^rarm 

rmr (u/if«ix*i' ktX. — oireXo^iv: co- 
ord, with TDiAaaffSai : recover, as of a 
rightful heritage. Cf. § 16S. i, iwo- 
\iQtT4 nap' aiTov KAyoty i.e, an account 
that U Jhb you. [Dem,] vn. 5, ^ftt 
S.V Tt Jiaflnr* fi" r' ajro\il- 

B^Tt. So also k-woliiitai, give what 
Is due. Philip's proposal, 'Af.iyi^aor 
Savroi, did not suit the anti-Macedo- 
nian party at Athens. They insisted 
upon the word iitoSoCi'iu. (Jf. [Dem.] 

6. Kal Tos TOVTMV iiupciSoKCat: with 
ni^arly the efliict of a rx^Mo "x^' ^'^•"' 
«nl Kari /i^pc,. Cf. Dem. Six. 335, 
5ii TDliTni/i iiriiAiuAE Kai rii' Touram 
tupoJoxtay, — JSupoSdnovv : irapf . be- 
cnuee the bribe-taking was going on 
at the time of the peace negotiations. 
For the frec^uency of such charges in 
the orations of Aeachines and Demos- 
llienes, Bee on SupoSoHoSyrfs, § 9, 6. 

9. mMTTiIvm.' c/. (TuffTij, § 60. 4: 
the proper word for the forming of a 
fflction. — TO SiirwrKiv : Ihi public in- 

§ 59. 2. ttat+rns: e/. i. 17, taas 

I. 49, Tva lAi, iial<t.<n,s ai-rit ISiin,, «<>i» 
lidmrTf. For sixteen years Demosthe- 
nes had spolien nothing but bitter 
words of the Peace of Philocrates, 
and constantly maintained the bear- 
ing of one who had never said a word 
in its favor. Meanwhile, the citiiens 
had forgotten his former Keal for the 
peace. In order, therefore, to gain aa 
impartial bearing for his represen- 
tation, th« speaker employs a strik- 
ing il lustra lion which Demosthenes 


TOun/rtK \6yoi, iKtivem; riji^ inroXoiTTOi' TTOir}tra<r0€ dxpo- 
a<rtv, wnT€p oraf iT€pl ')(pi}fi.o.T<iiV a.vrjkiafiei'cia' Sid iroWou 
6 ')(pofov Kaue^fafLeda. ipj^Ofieua Sij ttov i^cuoels oikoOq/ 
SoicLii €)(0PTis, aXX* ofiiii^ eiretSaK 6 \oyt(rfio<; frvyKetfta- 
Xauady, ouStts i^/uuf ovtco Suo-koXos r^f (ftvau; ooris 
ou>f a.iTep)(€Tai Tovff op.o\oyriiTai; aXijOe^ ctvat, o rt dv 
60a Xoyttr^o') atpg- ourtu loJi' 7^1/ aKpoaaiw iroi-qfraadt. 
et Ttccs u/iftif tV Twy ip.npoo'Oft' ^jiofotv T}Kovaiv OLKo6a> 
TOiaurrjv i)(OVT€S tt/v Sdfaf, w? apa 6 SrifiOfrOeirrj^ ovSev 

5 TOWS, — oirrts ouToi Stntcfirai, ^»)7' ajroyvwrw firfhof 
/iT/re KaTayv(oTO], TTplv ap aKovaij ■ ov yap StKuiof. aW 
iav ifiov Sta jSpa^e'wf aKouerjjTe v'iropifLvq<TKOVTO<; Tov? 

Ls againat 

(ivin. 227) deiCerousIf t 
iW author. — ■DrurroTlpM : loo mcreOi- 
blg. H. 849 a. — irpooTr^»T«Kcv: [he 
proper word for an nnexpecled stale- 
meot. Cf. Dem. lvii. la, tJ re irpa7fia 
&^v» TfKvircirTtf fl^rtUp 

3. Jxfnn ' in tlml fay, referring 
to the illustrntion Oravrn from eetlling 
something remote; 

, of a board or 
C/. Thuo. r. 55. 1, D-^rii 
)iiy ylip npt ilpiir^s ^oyKaS^irdal, Toiii G* 
'EiriSBifplDiii ^(f tir\str iitTiTiTixtiu.— 
Bi) vou: I'l maji 6t!. 

6. ovYKt^oXcuBAf : Greek headed 
up, Eng.fiioleJ up, 

7. GwkoXik: stubborn. Cf. Dem. 
VI, 30, \tfarTas ii ^^i ^lit 3!aip irf^ui. 

a^flptoroj. Arial. Elh. N. iv, 6. 9, 5 Si 
wSffi Suirx'P"'™^ eipvrai Sn Siiffepii sal 

9. atpj: prwfs ; so often in Plato, 
i \iyo! aipt'i. 

£ 60. 3 r. <lg difKi xta. : Aesehinea 
oonfeiae* that the mietaken notion 

that Demosthenes never co-operated 
with Pliilocrates ii wide-apread. De- 
mosthenes (xriii. 227) boldly per- 
verts this into an admission by hu 
adrersary, that the public judgment 
declares that Demo si hen ei a the 
patriot and Aeschines the traitor. 
For a good characterization of thia 
Bophistry, see Spengel, DemosthtRet' 
yeriheifligaitg dei Kitsiphon, pp. 67, 68. 
Aeschines is unfortunate enough to 
justify, in the words brhplnKliiroii, Hie 
indignant exclamation, Dem. xviii. 
294, ts yip Ifini ^iXiii'iaiUi', £ T^ Kol 
fltof, KBTiJTOpei, t( oErot oiiit liv (Tirei; 

5. Arris: the pi. rm's U resumed 
with the generalizing sing.; common 
const, in prose aud poetry, — iiipr 
aanyvioTu: aor. imv., rare in prohib- 
itions ; less rare in the third pers. than 
in the second. For examples, see 
GMT. B6, N. 1 b; H. 874 b. For a 
striking commingling of pres. and 
aor. imrs., cf. 1. 19, 20. 

7. io.v ktK. : prot. to the whole eond. 
sent, commencing line 9, of which 
the prot. is iA¥ i bvt^i ktA. (resumed 


KonpoiK Kai TO. yp-q<j>Ca-{J.aTa trap^op-ivov, a fiera. <l>tXo- 

KpctTous yiypa(f>e Ai)/iO(r^e'i^?, iav 6 awT^s t^s dXij^eia? 
Xoyttr/xos KaTakd^r) tov i^Yj^ocrSii'rjV Tj-Xetw /i€i' yeypa- 

<j)6Ta. tpTjtjiCtTpaTa ^/.XoKparov^ Trepl t'^? e^ dpxv^ (.lp'qi'T)<? 
il<cat crviJ.p,a)(Ca^, Ka9' vnep^oXijv Se aio";^w!'i)S KeKo\aK€v. 

KOTtt ^iXtfffl-ou Kttt Tous TTpeV^eis, oXtiov Se ytyovoTo. tw 

(raa-Oai. Tr)v ilpy)py)v, ckZotov 5e jreironjKora Ktptro^ke- 
5 iTrf)P TOJ' ©pa/cjjs /3a(rikea, duBpa rftiKoi' koX arvpp.a.\ov ry 
■jToXet, — av Tavo <ja.(f}Oi<i eVtSet'fw, o^ijcrafiaL vpav 
pETptav B^(TLV • eTTtceucraTe' /xoi Trpos l^ewi' toi* -npSiTov 
Ttiiv TeTTdpojv Kaipav prj KaXoi; aurov TreTToXirevcr^'ai. 
Xe'f(U Se o^ec paKia-Ta TrapaffoXou^jjereTC. 
'3 Eypai/je ^iXoKpdj'q'i e^eipai ^tXiTTTTo) SeCpo lajpvKa 

g 61. 6 on account of the length to 
whith it ie carried), the apod., S<i- 
ffo^m«TA. §61,6. 

8. ouTTJs Till dXTjOiCas ; perhaps an 
ironical allusioD to a favorite expres- 
lioQ of DeniostlientB. See Spengel, 
i'erlheid. dea Ktesiphon, p. 13. 

10. Xiryw-jMis: tlie (igure of §59j5n. 
is still maintaiued. — KarnXi^ : used. 
BB vosjudictalis both with .lad 
without the supplementary partic, 

equir. to i(cKiyxeir. 

11. TTJs tj opx^ ilpTi'm* : 'Ae origi- 
nal peace. See on § $&. 1. 

§ 61. 2. irp^o-^s : for specificB- 
lioDB, r/ § 75. 

4. ikEotov ktA. : in 11. S6, Aeachines 
in reply to Demosthenes' allegation 
denies having committed this crime. 
Now he has grown bolder by lapse of 
time, and charges it upon Demosthe- 
nes himself. 

in Bpite of this and the similar phrase 

ti. g, it is doubtful whether Cerao- 
bleptes was a fonnal ally of Athena. 
He appears not to have been repre- 
sented in the general congress (nuv^- 
S;i,at) of the Greeks. C/. § 73. Com- 
mon boatUily to Philip wsB prob. the 
only bond between him and Athens. 
See Scbafer, II. p. 187, 

7. Sirpr^v : see on Tobi xil^oiri obi 

responding to i^oAoT^irai, § 59. B. Cf, 
Hom. //. i. 623, f, ,r<i) kv^J^^iv V 
tppuiTi uSiTt Kpoytui', The opposite of 
trivtveiir, iraiitini', is not used by the 

9. X({u Gt Stiv futXurra irapaKoXjiv- 
6ij(r(Ti; cf. 11. II, ]5 S' rtjovfim tra^f. 
OTiiToui /UH Totc Arjyoui (maBai nai 
'yitapifxaut vfut/ fral Smaiovi, imvBtv 
ipianai. Aeschines afTects simplicity. 

b) DemosHieafi' diplomatic acticHs 
in l/,e intereal oflht Fmre. §S 6a-7a, 

$ 62> 1. lYpai|(( ^iXoKpiiTtit : tlii* 
bill, more fully described in II, 13 S., 

86 A15XIN0Y RATA. KTH2l*fiNT02 62, 63. 

Koi, TTpecT^Ct! TTC/iTTElV TT^pl clp-^VT)^ ■ TOVTO TO l/flfl^Kr^a 

iyptif^r) ■mipavop.tav. tjkou 01 rij? jcpitrew? ■)(p6voi' Karrj- 
yopet ^cv Aw»ctj'05, aireXoyeiTo Se 4't\o»cpaTT;s, oovaTT- 
5 eXoyeiTO 8e A.rjfioa'66'V}'; ■ airii^vyev 6 *iXo»c/)aTT;5. 
/lera raOra eTTjyet [xp''*'0'»] ©e/itoroKXiJ? dp^inv ivTav6' 
ilfripyeTox ^ouXenT^s ets to ^ovXiVTTJpwv AT)po(r9e- 
vTj'i, ovT€ Xaj^wf out' iiT t\a)(au, ixXX' eV ir a/) a ffKEinJ? 
Xe'yot Kai irpdr- 
' yap ere- 

irpia/xevo;, tv' ets viroBo^rjv airtivTa 1 
•3toi ^lXoKpaTe^, 015 auro eSeife to epyou. 

was brought fonrard before the de- 
stnictiQn ol Oljnthus, 348 b.c. QT. 
n. 15, tri iSi Toi-i owtovs nnipoiit 'OAui^ 
floiIjAB. SeeSchflfer.II.p.lBB. Grote. 
XI.o.BO, pp. 17Sf. — Btupo KtipiiKa «al 
irp^o-pMC irf|i'MW»' : the seizure of Ani- 
phipolig b; Philip was regnrded by 
the Athenians as a. crime, and the 
war agninst liim was hHipt^KTot. Of. 
II. 13, irpdripo- /iii- yip «al aWh toCt" 

AitTO iirrJ Tj 


I. irofavopAV ; gen, of the crime. 
G. 173.3; H.745. — iJkovktX.; notice 
the asyndeton in this pitasage, in 
which the main points of tbe trial 
are rapidly akctebed. 

4. irvvamXoYitTO : cf. 11. 14, ipfi- 
rrios y Ifxiu" i *iAo«pe£ti)s d«({A*o-ey 
aJW*^ trurfiyopov r&t A)7/La(r0^n]fj where 
^K^si'ti' implies Philocrates' own 
pleading. In other respects also the 
two deicriptions of the trial are in 

6. 6tpurrOKXi)i apxuv: app. to xf^- 
vK, which is prob. a glosB. The time 
referred to is raid. summer 347 n.c. 

7. sbrtpxirai pouXmnit <(« to 
pouXtvnjfHDV ; c/ 11, 17, tii i),» floi/AV 
ciVc^ff^p A7}/uvpc£Ti7F. In this phrase, 
expressing membership in the flouA^, 

flouXfuT^t is nnuBual. C/. giaj, tya. 
Ti. 33; xni. I. It is jualifledhere 
by tbe oSt* ^axitr oBt' iriXax^'. 
Demoalhenea waa a member of the 
j8ou\^ during two eventful yeara, 347- 
6 anJ 340-3B B.C. 

8. ovTt \ax<iv ovT smXaxA': al- 
Ihoagh he was neilher drawn IN the Jirst 
lot nor as a substilate, For hiKaxi^v, 
cf. Harpocr. s.v. im\ax'ie'- iK\-iifievrTo 
oi BoiXiiiir fl Kpx«>' ift^fttnii, trtira 
tKinTif TUf KaxiyTur iripai iTiXi^X'^ 
yev, Ty" 4iv & Tp^ras Kax^y itwoSoKtfid- 
(rSp fl TiXein-Arp, 4"' ^Kelvov y4n)Tm 
Boa\iuTi)i 6 iitiAaxi'i' air^p, — iit ffo- 
paa-Kmris irpLaiuvn : see on § 3. 4, also 
on Trapaaitfiritt, §1.1. Tapanpreuft, which 
often refera to the banding together 
of a strong faction, refers here to com- 
mon bribery. Demosthenes waa not 
yet a leader of the majority; hat hii 
Firat Philippic and his Olynthiac ora- 

ing power and influence. 

9. (Is luwoEoxii'v : ''" support, 
when Philocratea had spoken 


a to I 

ceed him with a speech or a motion, 
as the case might demand. 

10. lit TdfpYOW: c/§I4I- 

7 ; I. 40, Tru\f'iv airir irjjojjpB^/wi!, it 
airrl, TolpyoY «(,J,j.. 11. 13, it airt 


at. p. e: 
pov i/nj^iiT/ia 6 ^ikoKpd.TT)<;, iv w KcXeuet kXiadai. ZiKa 
Trpe'ujSeis, otni'es 6nf>LK6fieuot mi ^iXnriTQU d^iacroviTw 
avTov Sevpo TrpcV^Seis a.vroKpd.ropa,'; aTTOtrreXXeiv virep 
5 Tr\i ilp-^vT^i. TOVTWV ei? ^v ATj/iocr^ecTj?. KaKtidtv ivav- 
■qKcov iiratven)^ ^u t^s etp7;i^5, /cat raura roi; aXXoi; 
Tipia-fieaiv aTTT^yyeXXe, Kai /aoj^o? twi' ^oi'X.«i'tq1w iypaxjie 
a-jrcCtTacrdat tw iCQpvKi. Kat rots iTpecr0fiTi.v, aKoXovBa ypd- 
ificov 'PiXoKpa.T^i, • 6 /xeV ye t^i^ i^avaiav eScu«€ ToS Seupo 

Ti Trpafiia ISti^ir, Aeechines hus a. 
habit of appealing to 'the logic of 
ETents.' Dem. xviii. 20 is ii similar 

§ 63* 1. viK^ yctf fripov 4iiittir|>a: 

carries another bUL Cf. § 68. 4. Cog- 
nate acc., after the analogy of vikj)v 
<■>»•'. Cf. Thuc. iii. 36. 0, Kar-vnian, 

iKiaraii l\4yoyTO «al KAt'uf i ViKtaivi- 
TBu, SffTtfp Kal ri)v rporipay irtftKiKti, 
iraptMiiv aiBa txty'"' 

Z. <if- hy the oDiisaton of inl or 
trpit, i,! takes on tbe aspect of b prep. ; 
but otilj before namee of persons. 

4. avTONparapai : plenipolentiariea. 
— vWp : the peace is represented as 
an object of desire. See an § 54. T. 

5. roirav •!« ^v AigjiOcrSi VT)t : in 
this short sent, lies the pith of the 
argument. The argameiit is a valid 
one. The suspicion of prevaricn- 

i>( Aeschines' uncorroborated state- 
ments, in valid sting his inferences. 
But here Demosthenes' undoubted 
participation in the embassy proves 
that he wiiB in fBvor of the peace, 
lutleas we suppose the Athenian peo- 
ple guilty of the absurdity of elec^ 
ing a pronounced opponent of the 
peace to assist in carrying it through, 
Demosthenes at this time undonbt- 
edly worked with Philocrates, though 

animated by different motives. His 
denial, XVIll. at, ^iKanpiTiis i '\ytoi- 
aioif 6 trhif Alax^v^, Koivtay^tj oiix ' 
^^T, oiiS' ir trif tiappay^t i^njB6fitpaSf 
is good against Aesehines' falsehood 
of denying co-operation with Philo- 
crates, See on § 54. 9. It can hardly 
be called dishonest that Aeseliines 
does not here mention that he was 
also one of the ten ambassadors. No 
one of the jury was ignorant of that 

6. TCLvrd Toit oXXois irpcVpiinv ; c/". 
't. 45i 49 ^' I' w* on the sfcond 
embassy tliat Demosthenes quarrelled 
with his colleagues. 

7- lu'vos: it is certainly tio dis- 
credit to Demosthenes that he was 
the author of the motion to receive 
the Macedonian envoys, ivben Athens 
had already sent an embassy to Mace- 
donia to solicit peace. 

8. T<^ in]puKL : with the Greeks tbe 
lierald was equiv. to our bearer of a 
flag of truce. Cf. Dem. xix. 163, Sn 

(nrclniTai, — oKD^tniOa t/fMu^v 4iXo- 

Kptira; the corroboration of § 62. 9, 

9. Ti)v *£owrCav tSoKi m-k. : govt per- 
mission ikal the lifrald and ambaasadort 
lAight come. The verbs ItaiKt and 
ffinVJiToi are strongly put, as if De- 

88 AI2XIN0Y KATA KTH2I*nNT02 63-65. 

10 KTjpvKa KaX TTpia-^tLt; Tre'/iTreer^at, o hk tj) irpea-^eta tnrcv- 

GlSerat, to. Se ju,era ravra. -ijSyj (T<f)68pa irpoa-^'ETe. i-TTpdr- 
TETO yap ov irpo? tows dWov; TrpcV^eis Toii? iroXXa (tvko- 
<f>ai'r7}6evTa<i varepov etc p€Ta^o\yj^ vtto ATjpoa-Oeuov;, 
dWa. TT/Jos '^iXoKparrji' koI i^-qpoadivqi', eifco7W5, Tov<i 
5 a/ia /ici' ■7Tp£(T^evoi'Ta<;, a/ixa Se Kat ra \fjri<j>C<rfiaTa ypd- 
fjyovTa";, TrpHiTov p-kii OTTtu? p-T) TrepLpevetTe Toi"! Trpec^ets, 
ous T^T€ eKTrcTTo/x^ores irapafcaXoui'Tc? ejri <&tXi7nroi', tea 
^■^ jUtTa rwc 'EXXifwwc, aXX' iSt'a ■noirjij-qa-Ot rffv etp-qirr/v 0. 

BoSevrepoj' 8' ottws /i.^ pouov ilp'qvriv aXXa /cat ( 
\tav eu'at A}n}(}>iel(r0€ ir/30s ^tXiTTTTOi', ic' ei tikc? irpocr- 
c^otef T&J TrX-ij'^et tm vptripfu, ets riji' i(r)(drrjv ifLiTe< 

mosthenes and PhilocrateB rfiJ the 
deeds, iind not simply prot^ured llieir 
enactment by the people. 

I 64. 1. TdiUTdravra: adv., 
Cf- Plato Apol. 27 h, iud Ti> fvl td^^ 
ft iir6irpiyai, — ivpiTrtro : negotiations 
were carried on, ic. ivlt iixi-rtroti. 

2. irpcri: with. 

3. iKH4™poX.Jis; r/: § 79. 1. 

4. (iKOTut: a telling parenthEBis, 
implying "Philip eitw bJB man, and 
yMt can hare no duubl," 

E. fy.a, ytv — S^ja, H : stroDg corre- 
latives: otonn — atonee. — irpiD-^vov- 
Tiu: attrib. partic. 

6. oirws |ni htX. ; object clauBC 
after iTi«i,TT(T<t, For the tul. indie, 
nee G. 217 ; n. 885 a. 

7. '^Ti fKimro^L^'Tn: see an § 58. 

8. p*T<l T«v 'BXXiivMi" ; when other 
Greek slates ar^ cunCrasted nilb Atk- 
ens, AeBchtnes and, for the most part, 
Demosthenes, foIloviDg the usage of 
Isocrates, employ either dI Kaaoi or 
al 'EA\npfi. If they are contrasted 
with any other single state, ni lUAai 
'EAAtifft is the formula, Cf. 11. 79, 

aurlffTTiy 'A/jtoBm Kal Toiii tXXavs'EK- 

§ 65. 1, Ka.1 o^|t|»axCav : the pri- 
mary object of Philip's negotiationg 
ffBS ppace, not an alliance. The lat- 
ter became prominent as the negotia- 
tion a continued. An alliance with 
Athens and Thebes was essential to 
carrying out the plan of inToding 
Asia, which Philip nas probably jnst 
conceiving. The quot. from his let- 
ter, given Uem. xix, 40, reads lyypa- 
ipov 5* hp Hal Si^tp^Svjp lj\iNa ifias fZ 
iroi^ino, (I ti fiStiv ra! ■riji' irunnaxlar 
lim 7(i^aD/ic'vii>', The alliance \w 
fnrmed, but (lie revolution In the 
policy of Athens brouglit aliout by 
Demosthenes deprived Philip of ill 

2. Tpoirf'xouv : should gii-elieed. Cf. 

3. ri^ irXiiSii : for t^ icoivf con- 
trasted with the JfmiTTffB of Demos- 
thenes, See oil luvaiTTffa;, g 3. 10. 
The refcren<'e is to the eall (line 4) 
extended by Athens to the other 
Greek states to join in KM againit 



d.Ovii.icw op(iiine; vfi.a.% aureus /icc irapaKoKovvraii eVt 

5 Tov ■jToXep.ov, oiKoi Se fir) fiovov iXp-qvT^v aX\a. koX crvfi,- 
fLa.)(tav i^^tj^KTiiivov'; TTOi.ti(r6ai • Tpijov Se on-ws Kepcro- 
/SXeTiTT/S 6 %pa.Kjji; ^atrtXeus /i^ t<na.(. wopffos, piySe /i.€T- 
{(TTat jTjs a-ufJiixa\la^ koI r^s eipiftT^? airrui. iTa.p-qyyt\TO 

668' ett' avTov crTpaTcia. Koi Tav9' 6 /ter i^oivovptvoq 
ovK iJStKci, JTpo yap Ttot' opKtuv Kal twc (TW$y)KCiv dfepe- 
(TTjTov ^v aiiTQ) TrparTHv nx trvpi^ipovTa., oi S' ixTroSo- 
fiivoL Kal KaTaKoivQiv^aavTci; to. t^s TToXew; la-)(vpa. ptyd- 

6 ^t;? opyijs ^<rai' afiot. 6 ydp ptcraXe^auSpo^ i/vfl tftdcrKtov 
tluai Kal ToVe pt(ro^t'Xi,7j-T]-05, o t^v ^e-vlav ip.0L Trpo^epuc 
r^v 'AXefai'Spou, ypdi^^i. >/nj^t<j-pa, rows Katpous T'^s tto- 

67X.eti»s iKftaipovpa/os, iKK\-q<Ti.a.v' iroiav roii'i irpUTaceis rp 

4. avToiis : i.e. tbe Greeks, riciti. In 
dir. disc, the expression would lie V<'< 
j^i irapaiiiAf'iTi, — iirl tJv iro'X(|Uiv: 
more eiaotly is the objeut of tlie call 
given II. 57, Xya kdiv^ Ka! irDXe/inTcv, ii 


Kofji ai^^tpi 


6.Ktp(ropUirn|«:Beeong6l.&. For 
further details uf Deinosthenea' al. 
leged treachery toward Cereobleptes, 
cf, § 74. DemostheneB also holds that 
the Athenians were led against their 
will into a betrayal of Ceraobleptes ; 
but lie makes Aescbines and bis co- 
adjutors appear as the guilty agents, 
wlio purposely delayed ail minister- 
ing the oath to Philip until he had 
wrought the ruin of this nil; of Alh- 
enB. C/. Dem. xvin. 30 ff. ; xix. 1 79. 

8. wapiiyytXro : with this agrees it. 
8a, aayi^mi't i' are •H|i' wporipar irpfir- 
Ptiv/iiy rpeaSflay, ^^ol p^iy fitri riy 
ovfiirpiirRfw i^irUvai StvpOy ^iKtrr^ ^ 
M ep4xvy itVai. Tbe time nas tile 
■pring of 346 B.C. Gf. 11. go. 

S 66. 2. ovK^Ebui ktA.: a declaration 
perhaps inspired by the desire to cun- 

o-gko/ds. Cf. 

ciliale Aleiander and maintain pleas- 
ant relations between him and Athens, 
but certainly more truthful than the 
statement of Dem. uc. ij, tipftni* /lir 
Titp o^ibi/iciicd. See Introd. § 26 note. 

4. NaTaKoivuvtiTaiTn : elsewhere 
only in Dem. ixxii. 25, pV^To auris 
KcpSarai fl KttTBKOij'OJi'^oi Toirou ttjs 
liptKtiia minovs rotSirai liipWas. — 
[irxwpri: iniiresta; lit. 
Dem. XXII. 12, (ipitaei 
iVsjupii- iiKip roi Stpau nflfifror. 

5. iuo-aX^£avSpot : this word and 
fUffa^iAiirmt, perhaps both coined by 
Aeschines, are used by him with evi- 
dent liking. Cf. § 73. 6; ir. 14. 

6. irpo^puv : in the quot. of this 
passage in Dem. xtui. 51, this word 
is changed to ivfittC<"- 

8. u^Hupou'pwot : purloin. Note the 
force of the prep. Cf. §§ 145. 3, 
222. G, By the premature conven- 
ing of the iKK\tia(a the slate was de- 
prived of its chances (naifioui) of alli- 
ance with the other Greek slates. 

% 67- 1. (KK\ii)<rlav irouEv tdvs irpu- 


oySoqj urrofiotov tow eka>^0o\iw<K firfvo^, or ^v 'AaKXtf- 

Tfta 17 6v<Ti.a. (rat 6 irpoayotv, ec r^ wpa rfftep^ o jrpo- 

T€pov oiiSci; ixefimfTat yeyovo^, riva ■upo^xj^tv iToir){ra.- 

6 p.evo^ ; iva, '})T](Tci', lav TrapSxriv ol ^iXithtou TTpeo'^ti^, 

^ouXeutnjrat 6 S^/ioS tu? Taj(tOTa Trtpi tuw irpos ^tkiv- 

TTOV, Tois owrw irapovtri Trpe'tr^tcri vpoKaToKafiPavtav ttjv 

iKKXTftTiav Kal toiis jfpofou! v/icui' vnoTCfii'Ofia'iK koX 

rh trpayfjLa KaTaawevStoi', Tfa ^^ ^era t^u 'EXXiji'qj*' 

iiraiifkBovTOiv tuiv vp-tTiptav TTpta^toiP dXXa fiovoi novj- 

BtrrjirOi ttju dp-qirqv. /itrd raOro, w dcSpes 'A^catbt, 

^fow 01 ^tXiJTTTOu TrptV^cis ■ 01 Se vperepoi aTreSijfiovv 

TrapaKaXovvTCi tous 'EWiji-as eVl ^iXtTrTrof. hrrovff 

irepov PLK^ i/(7j(^icr^a Ar)ilo<rdarf)<;, Iv w ypa<^i fj.r) p.Ovov 

P.B vire^ r^; €lp-^vr)<; aWa. koi irepl <^ ^oukfvo'aa-dai. 

2. (a-ra|j.^vav : bgc on g 27. 5- 

3. vpoa^cav: Schol. fjiywiTo irpd 
TBI- (ityiiAiiv AtDi<ti<r[i(V V'p"'* ^Alynii 
IliwpoilStr it Tfj i^tfl^i KnAoujiiei'ifi rale 
TpayiiiSwP iyirr heI jirlicifii £r ^A\ouai 
SpafidTay ayafy(itff6ai iv T<f BtdTpqf- Cr 
t /tvm°°! rp^'yui' Ka\F?Tai. See Miil- 
[cr, ^UAneno/fcrfA tinier, p. 3S3. B«- 
eUcB beinj; the Tpodynv far the Great 
Dioiiysia of tliat year, the 8th ot Ela- 
phebolioD waa tho fefitival of Asrle- 
piua. — Up4 <|M^pt: added to empha- 
bIec the unfltneai of this fealal day 
for the [ranaaotion of bosinees. This 
featival naa not singular in tlist re- 
spect. C^Xen.Be/I,i.4.12,KaT/rlEi>- 
iriy (Alcibiadea) th rtir Utipata iinip^ 
^ n\uir7-Vitt il7*' ^ iriKit, Toij Wow 

K<KoXu(tjU/™u TTJt 'ASttfil, S TiVlt oiaiyf- 

foire irtxir^iiiiav thsi Kal airip no) Tjj 
•Ati- 'Afl?jPolaiy 7ilp oJJeJi ^f Tailrij 

4. tCmi irpo+anv irsiiTajuvos : for 

the dir. jnterr. need aa the obj. of a, 
partic. attaclied to the main verb of a 
declarative sent., ef. Ljb. tv. 19, 070- 
pouru i' tl S(4 Sai\t)ii iripuwor Tcpl 
tQv ^fyiinw lis xiyiurity HaSimjKOj 
tI Kaxiu liJirDTt t)|C wi^iy tipyairfL^ro! 
)| lis rtra Tut iraMTiiv innvr ^{afuip- 
■riv; Similar is the common t1 iiaSiv, 
ri ™fltf.', GMT. 100 N. 7 b. 

7- irpOKHToXimPayBV : c/. g 9. 0. 
DemoBtlienes' haate mas so great that 
he could not even wait for Philip's 
ambassadors to appear, before arrang- 

8. viranpii^iifvot = hamstring ia per- 
haps not too 1)o!d for the metaphor. 
Cf. § 166. 6. 

9 f . tva pii) }WTd rm ''Ekk■^v•'v mA. : 
repetition of § 64, 8 with variation!. 
— firavtXflo'vTMW irpiirp«uv: gen, atM. 
o( lime. 

§ 68. 2. airtSiiiuiuv: see on $ 5S. 2. 

E. -imp — mpl: c/ii. 53, 61, .See 


/i'^ Trepifj.eii/avTa'; tous vpea-fiti.'i Toiii u/xerepous, dW 
ev^us fiera Aiocucrta to. eV doret, t^ oySo^ Kai hiarj) 
eiri Se'«a. 07t S* olXtjOtj Xeytu, tcou i/nj^nj/xdriuv auruv 

69 'EffeiS'^ TOivw TrapeXijXu^ei ra Atovvtria, iyCyvovro 

8k al CK/cXTjcruxt, ep y^ tj} nporfpa. rwc iKKX-qcitup dve- 
yvdscrQjj Soyfia toiv uvp.jia.'^diP, ov to. K€<f)a.\aia Sia 
/Spaj^e'toc eyw TrpoepSi. irptaTov p.ev yap eypatpav virep 

5 ttpjjvT]^ UjuSs ii.6vov povkivaa-frdai, to 8e ri}s trvpp.a.^^Ca'S 
6vop.a U7r£pe'/37j(Tt«', ouk CTriXeXT^tr/xeVot, dXXa Kat t^i" et- 
p^vriu avayKaioTipixv f) koXXiw vTro\apfia.vovTf.<; ai/ai ■ 

7. <iiSvs: I.e. after an interval of 
three daja. In the blooming period 
of the drama, the Great Dionysia 
lasted from the lOtli lo the 15th of 
ElaphebolioB, See Scbomann, Gr. 
Alt., 2d Germ, edit., II. p.475fE. — rd 
[V Sirra: added to mark the Grent 
Dionysia in contrast to the Dionysia 
hot' iypois. — T^ <^ySl)^ Kal f voixji Jirl 
GcKu: eighleenlh and nineleenlh, M 
Sena being the equivalent of fuiiodr- 
Tos fi^vis. Cf^ 11. 6l, irapiynuBi 0^ fioi 
Kal Tb a^i/ioo-flfVoui if/iifiiiT/ia if ^ Ki- 

ll. 6o, rb Twy eiiriSpair SJ^^a. Philip 
finally acknowledged as allies of 
Athens only those states Chat were 
represented in the amiipiav (c/ g 58. 

4. irpci(p»: I.e. before ne have it 
rend, which occurs after g 70. The 
eame forestalling of the reading of 
(locanients occurs in 1. 49. — inrjp 

ctpTJVip «t\. : Cf. II. 61, Ks! t4 fit* TBf 

ay'l-Mx"!' t6y^a utKtiti. f ouMiir.I* 
Kai iyis AfiaXoyQ, ifTtip t^s tipfjPTji fi.6yoy 
ifiSi Bi'v\fiira(TBai, ^nip.oaBinis Si Kal 

ri i, turrii W tJ,„ iy Aio^iffoi. (see on 

7. OTOVXIMT^P*' A ""^^t" ■■ "««* 

§ 52. 11) il,K\T,ttal, irpaypi^^i Sio /k- 

sarn rather than honorabh. H. 046. 

ii\rialas, t)|k ^iy xf ^78^7, ^fI Bha, ri/y 

ii 1^ iviTj, Jir< Sc'ki, dpl^i^y liy xp<S<'<"' 

with the facta of the situation at 

Kal i-pffu^arpwi' Toi ixKKriiria! Jtply 4ti- 

Athens than the judgment delivered 

SvfAV'rai rail! iii raw 'EWiymt rpfVSf.i. 

in Dem. iii. :6o. St. oSk ip' i, tikit ^ 

It was cUBtoraarj to call two asaem- 

-ray •ABn-il-"' (Ittijto tv iroU/u,,, iMi. 

hlies in Bueh negotiationB for peace. 

*l\i^A! Itny 6 T^i tlpiyyts 4riiv^v 

Cf. 11. 61, Wfypi^/a, iK«Xi,irfos Siio Kari 

Hul i r4x\' lniiaxya''Htnis itls 'AftiKiI- 

riy vip.oy. This was the Case in the 

0.1 by Tix's r^i «W«ii, or in Dem. 

negotiations for an alliance with Cor- 

SVIII. 19, *i\iTiros ip.Xy niv ilpimiv 

ey ta, Thuc. i. 44, 1, 

iKdyi!! Si BoiSaai' ^•ni7T''AiiTo. See 

g 69. 3. Ga'^jia tww ffu(4ii£x"v: cf. 

Introa, § WJin. 

92 AI2XIN0Y KATA KTH51*nNT02 69-71. 

Bl. p. 63. 

£jT€LTa airtji/TTja'ai' 6p6w^ IcurofMevoi to Ajj^oct^G'ous Sti). 

7t)poB6KT}f2.a, Kal npoa-eypaypai' iv tw Soyfiart. i^einai T<i> 
jSovXo/ieVo) tCiv 'EWjjftoi' eV t/jutI ftTjalv tts t^i/ aur^v 
tTT-^Xrjv dfaypd<f>€(T0ai. /j,€t' 'Adrjva.ioiU Kal fiere^eiv twc 
opKUjv Koi Toiv awd'qKfui', hvo to. ^cytora TrpoKorakap.- 
6 ^dvovTfi, TrpwTov p.kv tov -^ovov tov tiJs rptp-i^vov toam 
Toiv 'EXXtJvwi' 7rpe(T/3eiats t'cai'Oi' vapayfuecrdai KaraaKevd- 
^oires, €JretTa ttjc Tfiuf EXXj^Vajf eijfotai' TJy TrdXei kto)- 
peuoi, Iv' ft TrapafiaCuoivTO at (Ti'j'^ijKat, /i,^ /xoi-ot /i>/S' 
diraponTKivoi TToXcp.^iraipii', o vvv rfplf Tradtlv (Tvv€^tj 

10 Sia £i7]p,o(r$€i'i}i'. on 8' iiXtj^'^ Xeyw, ef a^ToD tou Soy- 
/xaros ttKouo-ai'Tes p.adr)a^(r9^. 


71 ToiJtw tw Sdy^ian trweijreti' o^oXoyoi eyw (cat 

w acres 01 o' 7^ trpoTipq. Tdv iKKXTja-iuif htjp.rjyopovi'- 
TES ■ KoX 6 S^/109 aiT^X^e ToiaiJnjv two. Sofav ttXiji^fus, 

8. rd Ai])iMHIivovt EspoSanipA: aa 
a reply lo this, cf. Deni, sviu. sj, xal 

jtOii'tuvJai' ^jreTTpifeili /^i *iAl]Or»J| ffoJ 
ri »1JI o-iT^Tai Xoit^i' jji', iXXi Poay Sia- 

§ TO. 1. irpoo^^pailmv : note the 
force of the prep. Tliis additional 
proviEion is not mentioned in tlic de- 
scription of tlie Siy^a eufifiix"", "- 
60. AeBi:liinpa emphaaizps in each 
passage irliat suite liis purpose. 

4. Evo Til (UYurra: c/ §§ 84, I 

ffiuient to nrrire in 

Athens. Equir. 

iKwiv Ss-TC napay 

i..Vll«,. (j: Plato 

ep. 373 c, x<ipa i, T 

ir> U^), Tp^,!.. 

9. S vJv ij(i!w ToBtEv ffwPn: the 

coniptete isolation of Athens hoth 
before and after the ptacc of Philo- 
crates is attested by Dtm. t. 13 ff. 
Henee Demosthenes lays much stress 
on his securing an alliance with 
Tliebes, expressing iiimself in phrases 
which Aeschines ridicules in § 84. 
reference to lime, hut lig- 

— irpOKaToXofipivovrti : 1^. §§9, 

iFTu iniiri Dities actuality in c 

o. nil Tf>(|»]V<iv : sc. 

(Umil), Schol. Cf. Hdt. ii 
foiTa at Karl Ifvi fiupuiSa 
alfl tJii' TplftTjyoii Iriarrtr. 
6. iKavdv irofKiYiViirSaii 

124, ipyi- 
■ ii'Opi&wvy 

posed case. Cf. §§ 180, zoS. 

I 71. 1. ravTif TH So'YjjAn ttA. : in 
accord with 11. 6] and Dem. xii. 14. 

2. mivTft: liypecbole. Philoeratei 
at least proposed a different aiid.di». 
graceful kind of peace. Cf. 11. 63, 


, 72. 

5 6*7^ Sta TTjv Ttop 'E,\kijva}V irapaKhrjO-iv jSouXeuecr^ai, coTctt 
Se Kott^ /i€Ta TWf 'EXXT^i/oif airairoiv. I'i'^ e'y /lecra), Kal 
■7TapjJiJ.ev TT} vtTT€paCa. et5 t:^!' iKK\TjtTia.v. iinavOa 5^ 
Ajjp.oaBo'Tj'i TTpoKaTaXa^o)]/ to /Sij/xa, ouSeut twh aWtav 
TrapaXiTTOiv Koyov^ ovhen oi^eXos ei^ij rwi' e;^^e5 elpTjpevo)!' 

10 eti^at Xoytuv, £t rdu^' ot $tA.i7nrow ^■^ (rvpTT^UTd-^aovrai 
TTp4<T^€i.<s, ouSe yiyi'(iJ(7Keti' Ii^t; 757^ ilp-qirqv aTTOva~q<i avfi- 

72pa)(Ca';. ov yap ajiT} Sets', »cat yap 70 pTJ/xa [i.4p.vrjp.a.t 
eus elTTe Slo. rrjv d-qBCai/ tov Xcyot^o^ afia koX tov ord- 

4. firrcu: indie, retained for greater 
■viridneas, with rill in Bame const. See 
GMT. 70, 2, R. 1, In dir. diae. the 
ejlpreaaion would he drrai and itrrl, -— 
oAc a(uivov ; formula in which there is 
DO couip. forte, exeept aa each advan- 
tageouE course impliea comparison. 
Of. Thuc. i. 118. 3, iTTVfiiiTuf rbf Biby 

fi. ira(>aK\T|<riv ! cf, irapaiiiAuCi'Tci, 
§ sS. 6. 

5. ovStvl Twv fXXwv irapoXiiriilv Xo- 
■yov: Dem.iis. 15, 16, atcuaes Aeschi- 

1 of I 

a elo< 

1 this 

second day to the harm of Athens, 
Aeschines, in 11, 66, defends liiraself 
by denying that there was any speak- 
ing at all on that day. In the pas- 
sage before us he asserts that the 
eloquence which wrought the harm 
was that of DeniosChenea liimself. 
What each orator did on that day 
can hardly be ascertained. Aeschi- 
nes certainly lies ; but that does not 
proTB that Bemosthcnea tells the 
truth. Simcox, ad toe, attempts an 
explanation of Aeschines' contradic- 
tiop, suggesting that, in the sixteen 
years' interral, the informal conrer- 
sation which DeraoBthenes had with 

Ainyntor (11. 67, 6S) had grown ii 
Aeschines' mind (like Falslaffs ' mei 
in buckrara ') into a set speech. 

11. oiiSt 7iYV«ri«i»: e/. 11. 84, oM 
■yiyiiiiaiieii/ rUr ou^/iaxiSi' robs 



<if ir 

liar to Demosthenes were reproduced. 
For this sense of aii ilScniu, deter- 
minedly ignore, or have nothing to da 
with, cf. Dem. XTiii. 70, Ti)y U(irii,pi\9a\i 

oiS ,1 


§ J2. 1. f^^B:pA™«. 0/ § 11 
SfB/ka is used of a single word, as 
airappij^ai. The distinction is the 
SBine at in Plato Apil. IT b ^naal 
Tt kbI bri/taau'. The usage as gram- 
nialieal terms, ^^/la, ferb, Staiia, noun, 
is later. — |i^pn]|iu rrA-t "this is 
certaiuly lying with a circumstance, 
if no such speech was made either 
privately or publicly." Siracox, ad 

2. iafiiav ; odioueueas of the speaker 
lo Aeschines we can well compre- 
hend, hut the u'ord iTDpjj^fni, which 
excites all this ire, seems harmless. 
For other criticism of Demosthenes' 
language by Aeschines, <■/. § 166, 

i AI5XIN0Y RATA KTHSl*nNT02 7^, 75- 

St. ;.( 

/AflTos, anopprj^ai tj)v a-vfj.fia)(lai', ovBe to. rail' 'EXXt^i/oiv 
ai's/icvEif fieW-qfiaTO, aX\ t) iro\efji.tiv airrov^ i) T^f d- 
5 pijirrp' iZitj, TTOUio-dai. Kat TtXevrSii' iiri to firjfio. irapa.- 
KoKiuai; 'kmiTTajpov ipojr^fj.aT ijpwra, Trpoenrw*' pen a 
ipYjo-^Tai, TrpoStSafas 5c a. )(^pi) Kara. Tijs ttoXeoi? otto- 
Kpivafrdai.. K<u TeXos raiJT iviKo, rai pev Xdy^ tt/soct- 
^lao-apevov ^T)po(T$h'ov<;, to Se i|n^i^icr/Aa ypdipavTO'i 
73 'I'tXoK/aaTovs, o Se ■^i' u7rdXoiJ7oy aurots, KeptrojSXoTTT/i' 
»cal TOf eVl ^paK-rj^ tottoj' ckSotov Trotijfrat, teat tout' 
enpa^av €«rp ^^wocros Toy eXaqiT^jSoXtcouos ^uiji'ds, jrpli/ 
eVl T^f vuTepav airaipeif npeir^i.tav ripf iirt tous opKov; 

3. uirappTJJai ; lorcnM ojTJ ic. iri i-ni 
<l^ki]i. tipilirr}, ^iKla, and ^u/t^ax^a 
were uaually comljincd, but excep- 
tiooa occur. In the Peace of NicisB, 
the rif^vox'" w bruugbt about hy 
BBpurtite and later negotiatioDS. Cf. 
Thuc. ». 23. 

4. irofifvuv luXXiifiara: c/. § 163 
/in. Eur. /;i/i. a«/. 818, t4 t»., 'Atp^- 

B#f liii ni'air ^(AA^^iarn. — aurovt : 
for tkcmsthet. Equiv. to i!/n. 

6. * Avrdrorppv : of (he ambasaa- 
dors of PUlip, the number uf wlium U 
not givea, Antipater seems tu li&ve 
been the chief. Cf. Uiuarth. i. aS, toFi 
npiaBftt" TO?! fitr' 'AwiWrpou Utufi' 
^AfloSoii'. Aoc. to Dem. x:x. 69, Par- 

7. irpDSi.Ea£aE : this charge tbrowa 
suapicion on the whole stor^. 

8. TtKin ; ad». Cf. % 1^4. 8.— M™ : 
intr. Cf. Soph. Ant. 233, ri^os yt 
nimmStup' MitTiatt ^oXiTf. — irpoirpi- 
aavfivoui c/l g 93. 4. Deiuoithenes' 
eloquence forces through the bill 
whiuh Pbilocrstea had proposed. [See 
on g Gz, e.) Thug PemostlieneB is 
made equally responsible with Phiio- 
cralea for the consequencea. 

On this point of excluding the aJltei 
from the treat;, the reply of Demoi- 
thenes, xviii, 22, 23, 24, is r masterly 
oratorical stroke. The dilemma of 
g 24, which Aeachinea cannot evade 
without accusing the Alhenmns of > 
deed of Eurybntua, i« very eSectire. 

e) Bemoslhenes is rtsponsiblt Jbr tie 
fidusioR vf CfTSobleptei also. g§ 73-75. 

Uke the preceding point, this is 
something which Demosthenes in xis. 
charges upon Aeschinei, B)id which 
Aescbines, not content wiUi limple 
defence {cf. 11. 92), charges upon De- 
mosthenes himself both in his reply 
on that occaaion {cf. 11. 83 ff.) and in 
the present oration, contradicting hito- 
aelf badly in the two account* of the 
affair. Cersobleplcs' fate was prob- 
ably the result of Demosthenea' mie- 
calculntion. Sec Introd. g 18, 

g 73< Si- rdv (irV 6pfKi)t twitov: 
l7ie horiiera of T/trace. 

3, rKrQ «T\. : I.e. the 2Gth. See on 
g 27. 5. Between this date and the 
idiiiiv °^ "■ 9° fiere ia an irreuoncit- 
able contradiction. — irplv . . . aarai- 
fMV : (.f, 11, 8z, Hn ff iuSiv «x<ip»'''oni- 


t ^j)H.oa0€in)V 6 yap /itrjaXe'^ai/Spos Kal fiicroi^tXiTrjros 
vfuu ovToa-l pTjTQip Sis iTTpi(T^tva-€v ets MoKcSoi'taj', efoc 
/iTjSe ajra^, 6 lajfi fceXeuuy rail' Ma^eSdi'wi' KaTaTrnJetv, 
ets 6e TTjV €KKX7j<Ttai', TrfV rg Cfcr^ Xiyat, Ka0i^6/j.efois 
^ovA.eu7^s wv eK TrapacTKevij^, tfcSoTof Kepa-ofiXeTrrijv 

74/itTa •I'tXo'cpaToi's inotrjcre. XavBavti yap 6 fiev if tjrri<j)C(T- 
paTt ■7rapiyypd\jja';, 6 S' ein\jn}<j>L(ra^, "airoSoufat 8e tou; 
opKOVS 7015 TTpeVjSetrt tois ■Jrapa "JJiXtTTTJ-ou e'v TgSe t^ 
Tjfiep^ TOWS OTJ'e'Spous twv avppd^tDi/." wcLpa. Se Kepcro- 
6 ^KfTTTOv ovPiBpo'i ovK iKadr/To • ypai/fas 6e tous (nii'e- 
Spevoiras o/ifiSi'ai Tov Kepo'OySXeTm)!' ou (rweSpeiioi'Ta 

Toi^eKXriat rwy opKOiv. on S' aXT^^ij Xeytu, dvdyvoiBi pai, 
Tis ^i" 6 Taura ypd^oiv. 

fihity tii\ Tabs SjJKout, oBirni B' iimpii- 
TQjt, iKKKtiaia. yiyi'srai, if f Art^oirBtyiu 
\a.yxiyii ■-poeSpeieir. 

G. ^Vup: with floe irony — "this 
fellow who shows his hatred of PJiilip 
and Aleiander in words." Cf. § 55. 
4. — Gb iirp^a-poMv : since DemoBthe- 
Bes afflrms that Irom the second day 
of the great discussion the venality 
of Aeschines was clear as daylight, 
the question is certainly natural why 
he ever went on a seoond cmhaesy ag 
bis colleague. Denioatheucs' answer, 
that he went to ransom sumc Athe- 
nian prisDuers, xix. 172, canufit be re- 
garded aa wholly Batisfactory, The 
strong imprecation which he there 
utters, fjiiAiji BirDAoijiTIi- *o! TrpoiiXijr, 
betrays his sense of the weaktiess of 
his defense. — i^v ■■ se. irpeaStCctiii eir 
MaKeidfiiiv. Acc. abs. G. 278, 2; H. 

7. «iiToirrwi» : slrongeat expres- 
sion of contempt. C'f. 11. 23. Dero. 
xviii. 43, 200; XXI. 137, Dinarch. 

8. KaB(t;i>)uvi» tK T 
M Toii Bi/taros ; to lie joined also with 
ett T^v iKKKrialar. Demosthenes was 
presiding officer in the Ecclesia (^iti- 
/rrdTiji Tvp TpoiSpeoir). See on § 2. 3^ 
For the same phrase, ef. § 3. 6. For 
the frequency of the charge, see on 

§ J4. 3. «ap(YYP<^'l'<u : note the 
force of the prepa. Vf. 11. 76, 177.— 
S G' «ini|n]^l(rB5 : i.e. Demosthenes 
acting as presiding offlcer.^nwoGov- 
voi Gf : iu quoting aectionfl from a 
law or a document Si is often retained. 
Cf. § 44. 11- 

4-7. At variance with 11. 84, where 
DeniDBthenes is said to have tried to 
cxcludf the envoy from Ceniobleptei, 
but to have been coerced by the pop- 
ular clamor. 

§ 75> 2- o TaijTa YpcufittV : for the 
impf.particaeeGMT. lB,2:H.86aa. 
For a similar juxtu position of this 
with the aor. partic, cf. Dem. xix. 303, 
304, tIs S Toil ^Kpais Kiyauj Jij/iif 

! AISXINOY RATA KTH2I*nNT02 75, 76- 



KaXof, 5 avBpi^ *A6T}va.iot, Ka\ov rj twv Z'qfi.orTUtit^ 

Trpay/xarwj' <{tv\aK^ ■ aKtvrjTov yap cVn koX ov tru/x/neTa— 
TTiTTTei TOt? aOro^oX.ouo-ij' tV T^ 77o\tTeta., dXX aTreS&Hc^ 
TW SiJ/AW, OTTorai' ^ov\r)Tat, trui'tSetc tows TraXat (Lei^ 

10 TTovrjpQV'i Ik ixera^oXrj^; S' df loCiras etcai ')(p-qa-Tov!;. 

76 'TjroA.otTj-oi' Se /iot t^c KoXaKttai' Ste^cX^eti'. At^/xo- 

a-6iirq<i yap, ^ dvBpe^ 'Adrjvaloi., ei'tavroi' jSouXeucras ou- 
Sefiiaw <}>avrj(reTai irpta-^eiav ei? npoeSpCav KaXecras, dXXa— 


6. KaXov . . . KoXov : at the close of 
the argumeut on tliis point, the climax 
of wliic^h haa been th» reading of the 
documente, the feeling of triamph 
brealiB out in iTrinSUKmrn. The 
praiee of public documents closes the 
subject with a Tcritalile coup de ihiairt. 
It is a great iniproTement on the simi- 
lar praiae of public documentB in 11, 
89. For the gender of >i«\,Jf, see G. 138, 
K. 2 c ; H. SIT. Tills usage is particu- 
larly adapted to sententious phrases. 

7. ■wfa.-ifaTWf <^Viuit|: prfservation 
of the record, of ,taU transaction,, i.e. 
in the Metroon. See Schomiiiin, I. p. 
386. — mimMTavlirnt ! cf. Polyb. is. 
23, a^Tf Hul ri T&> ir6\tu,f SSt, rah 

8. Tail auTCiLoXovriil' : straight blow 
at Demosthenes the >tura coat,' anil 
Bide thrust at his \iitara^ia. See nn 
§275in.. — iirtB««: gnomic aor. Cf. 
Dem. XXIII. 56, td!is ix^pi iroiDUi^iii 
tV ix^P'" V'h" KBKiCeir k-KfiaKfv i 

B. rmninv: have insight i 
[Dem.] Lix. iS. Stivj) .pdait >.i 

"■ Cf 

10. u ruTo^oXni : qf- S ^- 3- 

d) Tlie bod diaracler of Demiaihinet. 

55 76-78. 

g 7tt. 1. KoXaKtCav: c/ g 61. I. 

3. irpaiSpIav : i,e. the ieatE of honor, 
directly in front of Uie orchestra. 
Places were here usually reserved for 
foreign B.inbasaBdors. Perhaps the 
reprehensible feature in Demosthenes' 
conduct was not leaving this to the 
Macedonian proxenus, who would 
usubII; attend to such offices for his 
guests. See Biickh, Bk. II. c. x»i. 
On the whole, this attempt to mag, 
nify what must have been a usual 
courtesy, possibly too ostenlatiously 
performed, into a grave offence must 
hare produced a poor effect. It ia ft 
cheap appeal to anti-Macedonian 
prejudice, coming wilh bad grace 
from Aeschines, who could secure 
respect only by planting himself 
squarely on a pro-Macedonian policy 
as the only wise thing for Athens, 
first, last, and always. He met the 


m. p. e- 
Tore wpioTov Kot fioi/oy vpia-^ei^ els irpoeSpCav eVaXeo-e 

5 Kal ■iTpo(rKe({ta.\ata. fOijKe koi ^owtfctSas irepteTrcVacre koI 
ap.a TQ ■r)p4pa. Tjyetro TOi; TTpetr^etTiu els to 64a.Tpov, 
oiCTTe Kai crvpLTTecruai oia ttjv^juj.oa'vi'rju. koI ot' 
airtja-av, ifj.i(T9a)ijaT0 clvtoIs rpia C^vyr} opiKci Kol irpov- 
Tre/ii^ev ets ©ij/Sas, KaTayeKaarov rffv ttoXic itolSii'. Tea 

8' cttI Tf)s VTToBicreojs ixeivo), Xa^e fioi to -mpl t^5 

77 OuTo; ToCvw S) dvBpes 'A^iyj^atot, 6 rrjXiKOuros to 

fieyedos fcoXaf TrpS>TO<; Bia tS>v KdTatTKonwp tS>v irapa Xa- 

uaual fate of those who try to ride 
Iwo horses. See Introd. g 26. 

DeiuoBlhenes givea, xviii. 28, xix, 
235, a perfectly adequate defense oa 
thia point. It mUBt, however, be con- 
fessed that, at the time referred to, he 
was manifestly not yet discontented 
with the peace, and probably enter- 
tained great eipettationa from the 
second embassy. See Introd. § 18. 

4. irpurov Kal jui'vev: see on § 77. 

5. irpOTKC^oXaLa : c/".ii. 111. — i^dl- 
viKiSoj: purple cloths spread ou tlie 
stone seats and under tbe feet. 

6. cL^ia Tg -^^'p^: on account of bo 
many plays being crowded into one 
day, the theatrical exhibitions began 
Tcry early. This is attested for come- 
dies in Xen. Oec. 3. T; for tragedies 
in Ar. jlu. 787 f. — ■q^ytlro; AeschineB 
displays a fondness for the impf. Cf. 
§§ 43. 72. 82, 86, 91, 96, 116, 123, 124, 
IS., 183. 

7. irvpltTto-Stu ; considering the 
livelineBB and freedom of nn Athe- 
nian audience, it nonld be strange if, 
in the excited condition of tbe public 
mind, something did not happen on 
the entrance of the Macedonian en- 

Toys that might give color to this 
charge. What nas intended for the 
bated Macedonians might, however, 
be maliciouBly eonetrued as applying 
to Demosthenes. 

8. Tpld Jtiryi| ; presumably the 
number of the envoys, as Demosthe- 
nes was on horseback. Cf. 11. iii, 
aufirapiiii if' lirrrov. Besides Anttpa- 
ter and Parmenio (see on $ 72. 0) no 
other name is given except in the 
untrustworthy second hypothesis to 
Uem. XIX., where we find the name 
of Eurylochus. 

10. Iva G' <irl i-i]! iimSt nuf fuhnt : 
with a similar phrase in §§ 176, 190; 
II. iiS, the speaker withdraws from 
the temptation to indulge in a discur- 
sive treatment of some detail. See 
Introd. g 20. 

S 77. 1 ff. The contrast between 
the excessive flattery bestowed on 
the living Philip and the anseemly 
joy at his death is intended to make 
Demosthenes utterly contemptible. 

2. Xtipi.t^\LOv : the typical merce- 
nary general of the time, bold, nn- 
Btable, at the service of the highest 
bidder. After making the Athenians 
alternately ptague and profit, from 


piStj/xov TTv66i>.€vo'i TJjv <I>tXiTnrou Te\evTT]v tUv fiev deStv 
a-vfi,TT\d(Tas (.avTca ivvirviov fcarci/ieutraro, &i? ov Trapa. 

& Xapio-jfiov TO TTpa-yfia TTerrvtrfj.efO'; aWa wapa. tov Aio; 
Kai, rfj^ 'A^iji'a5, oSs p-€9 rjinepav iiTLopKwjf pvKTtap ^7)- 
(Ttv eaurw Bia\fyiCT9ai koI to. [leWovra iirea-Oai irpoXi- 
yeiv, k^h6p.rjv 5' y^jtepav rrj<; OvyaTpO'i avTta rcTeXeuTTj- 
KVio-ii, irpiv fcat v€j/9rj(ra.i. Kai ra vopiilfip.€.va. Troi'^o'iit, 
10 ore^oi'wcra/iei'os koX X^vKrju ia-BiJTa Xa^Saic 4^ov6vt€L 
Kol, TTjV povrjv u Set\aios koX ■!ip<iiT7)v avTov 

about 362 B.C. he became permnnemlj' 
attached to their CHuae. His greatest 
ilistinction perhaps ia that he waa the 
occaaion of Dem. sxiii. (^Against Aris~ 
tocrates), which furnishes an interest- 
ing picture of this naniiering, law- 
leea pirate. After Cliseronea vie luae 
sight of him, except as he appears 
in Plut. PliBc. i6. The occasion of 
his being in the vicinity of I'liilip 
at the time of the latter'a deatli is 
Alexander certainly re- 
e of his most for- 
sts, far when he 
withdrew hia demand for the delivery 
of Demosthenes and the other anti- 
Macedonian oratora, he insittcd upon 
the banishment of Charidcmus. Qf, 
Arr. vln. i, lo. 6. 

ru^iirXluru JvuirVLOV: tf. Plut, 
'■fap iotpoiriit. Plutarch, 
Ix., repeals with speciflcations the 
story here given. 

6. sih: Obj. of iriopiiii', as well as 
nibj. of SuMyiaBai, — luS" ii|i.E'pav ■ ■ , 
vvKTap; c/*. Anlipho, v. 44, wAktoip ^ 
liiff Tlltipiw. — iwiopKiv: conceesive. 

8. JP&dVi]v: for the use of the ordi- 
nal, see Kr. Spr. 46. 3, I. 

9. invSTJriu : tlie usual time of 
mourning was 30 days. Cf. Lys. 1. 
14, Tail iJfX^oE TfBui^ai 067101 -rpui- 

garded hi it 

During this period the 
ore dark clothing, dis- 
pensed with all ornaments, ahatained 
from amnsemetits, and cut their hair. 
Cf. Isae. tv. 7. Lys. ini. 40. — xi 
vapld|uva : with especial reference to 
the ceremony of solemn sacrifice on 
the 9th day after the burial, which 
occurred the 3d day after death (cf. rk 
ft'STo, § 2^5- 7); including, however, 
the offerings made on the 30th day, 
TpiuiSet. See Quhl and Eoner, Lffi 
o/(he Grefka aud Ron,ans,p.2li^. The 
KpidfBn, the iKifapii, the x""^ ^^ ^he 
grave, and (he rplrs, Demosthene* 
had, of course, duty performed. 

10. tfioutvm: Solon forbade the 
sacrifice of oxen at funerals. Cf. 
Flat, Sol. 21, iyaylC"" a PiZr nbx ila- 
acv. Such sacrifices were associated 
rather with (he joyful feiCivalB. 

11. irapivafuii ; pregnant significa- 
tion. " He not only transgreaaea' 
Solon's laws but diaregnrds the laws 
of decency, the S^fmrra Koa^aK^ Bfwv 
nifiilia." Plutarch {Dem. 22), though 
censuring the act in other reapecta, 
approves this forgetting of domestic 
toss in considerations of atate. See 
on § 5z. 4 f. The parallel with Bru- 
tus is obvious. — )w>vT|V Kai irpwn|v: 

combiuatioD, eoiuetiiueB in 


W 'S ^rarepa TTpoaemova'ap diroXerra';. koX ov to SvaTV)(i)[jia 
I «c€tStX^, aXXa rov rpoTTov i^trat^to. 6 yap ^urorewo? *cat 

-Tmirrjpo^ TraTTjp oiiK dp ttotc yii'OiTO Z-qpayoryo^ ^^pTjord?, 
ouSe o Tct ^iXrara xai oiicetoraTa a-iopara prf aripyoiv 
ovhinoT av vpai; trepi voWov irotiJ<rairo tous dWorpt'ou;, 
owS otrrts eoTti' otKot ^avXos, ovScVor' ^f ei' MaKeSo. 
vuf. *caX.09 fcaya^d? ■ ou yap Tov Tpoirov aXKa rov Tonov 

ITd^ev ovv itrl t^v pera^oXriv ^\9e twv ■npaypdrav, 
oStos yap imiv 6 Scvrepo? Katpd?, /tai rt ttot' eori to 

inierted order. Of. § 76. Dem. t. 5; 

!. 302 ; 


The i: 

logii^alDess of the formula is ridicaled 
in Luc. Demon. 29, xai /■*», & 'Ayitei- 
lAftf, c£ /iiv irpitTOi ov ftivoi, tj Si t^dvol 

S 7a. 2. JvftSQM, i£rTc%»: the 
*««""* fuTor emphttaiMB the eonlrHBt. 
Cy. Lys. SIX. ai, Brni' ^Jt Kara rfti 

r iviyp. 

raWi T 

lUtn^TdcvM : joined with 

3. ST)|j.a7UYtis ' In afHvornbleBense. 
The aentinient here expreeseil, Ihnt a 
good record in private life h the hesl 
guarantee for a faithful adniinistra- 
tion of public affairs, is a frequently 
recurring one. Cf. i. 18, tt m, 061 
i( trail S*r Ti^j" Toti 9(0?!, eJi TOE^roi't 
*rrl ^aCAoj, t( irore fr' oiToD irtfirai'- 
mi aAXdrpioi Hal 4 mJXii. Soph. Ant. 
eei f., />■ tdIi yip oiKtIoioit Sirm iar' 

xaiDt &y. 1 £';>. Tim. 3. 5, ti' S/ tii 

4. <i |ii] VTi'p^uv: attrib. partic. 
wilh the (oree of a tond. rel. sent. 
G. 283. 4; H. 1025 a. Note the close 

the passage 
' beat sen- 

liniitaritj of tinea 4, 6 tc 

quoted aboye from t. aS. 

6 ff. One of Aeschinei 

before, he had uttered a similar senti- 
ment in his own defence. C/. u. 15a, 

06 70P 17 KancSavta Kalmiis 1) xfll'Tolf 
roii't, i\K' ii piiris. The present ap- 
plication is more effective in every 
way, except that the alluaion to Mace^ 
donia has a little the apjiearance of 
being ' lugged in.' The ellect is greatly 
enhanced by the paranomasia in rpi- 
Tov, ri^py {cf. g 212. 11), the effect 
of which might be reproduced in 
Eng. by " disposition, position, " The 
similar passage in Lycurg. 69, ou 
yip Ttif tJai* i(Jxiror iWi tIc r6mr 
^fT-ltKA.aiat, lacks the sharpness thus 

red her 




. Hor 


I familiar line. 

b) Second P4r!iiil. Df/noslhenta' pub- 
lic life during the ptace. §§ 79-loS- 

a) His change of purpose and iti eon- 
tegueiices. §§ 79-83. 

S 79. I. |UTii|loXifv ^ c/ 64. 3. Dera. 
xlS. 201, oKOvi* aurbr ipiiy, iis ip' tyii 


100 AI2X1NOY KATA KTHSl'I'liNTOS 79, 80. 

aLTLOlf, OTt ^iXoKpa.TQ'i fJ,€V OLTTO TlWV a.vT<ov TToXtTCU/ia— 

Tuv Ayj{j.o(r6ei'€i. <j)vyai; air' eiirayyAtas yeyevTjTai, Aij- 

SOpXTjjce, rai/r ijSij oia<f)f.p6i'T(0'i a^ioi' iuTW aKavaan. ws 

r eV ^tuKeOtrt ttoXcis ira/jaSdfoj; acao-rarous cirotTjo'e, 

©Tj^aious Se, w! rd^' u/j,tu eSd^et, nepaiTepoi tov Kaipov 

6 Kttt TOU vfxeTepou OTJp.<f)€povT0^ LfT^vpov; Ka.Teo'Kevaa'ep, 

u^ets S' e« TWf a.ypSiv ^o^i^^eWe? eVKeuaywyT^craTe, ec 

upbf yiyova 

. K-i <r 

Kal KcLrrryopSf. — irpa^iu^Tuv : political 
□ctiViCy ,' a Tnesiiing common m De- 
mosthenes, as in XVIII. 122, td7i rpi-y- 
fiaai icat toi! tuKit ti/iaai. For tliia 
meaning of Ihe veih irpihrtiy, c/l Dem. 

3. Tuv auTov TToXiTiv^ciTW : Aea- 
chinea himself repudiates tliis argii- 
ment in 11. 6, TrapdSo^os Se ftot nbjcttifos 
& ?v6yos iipdi'7} Kai Seiyas &StKat, SB^ iifias 
Iriipiira ti oUu t' iffrln it Tp auiy 
WAf£ ^t?LOicpdToi/i t^if SdvaTov Karafitt- 
^laaaBui, /^oii 5' iTro^i'uii'ai. Phiio- 
crntea was not pTosecuted for «'ii\i- 
Ttifiara but for iaipoSoxia. Of- T)em. 
III. 114. Hyperid. lii. 39, xM/"""" 

4. (br •ImyytXEos: tlie impeach- 
ment was set on foot by Uyperidee, 
343 B.a. FbilocratcB did not stand 
trial. Cf. II. 6. 

6, linim\ : came (suddenlg) forv>ard. 
C/.l. 114, ^iriffTit if Ka-nryapla. 

S 80- 3. irupoSo'^! i.e. contrary 
to the ill ns ion nliicli Aeachines had 
produced in the minds of the Athenian 
people in regard 10 Philip's supposed 
onti-Thehiin policy. Cf. Uem. xviii. 

35, 36. A little more indignation at 
Philip here would have been to Aea- 
chines' credit. Cy. Dein. xii, 109, 
tijir*: cf. 

^uv^ai, iirii TtLvTyjs ^70)7' aJrlty iroAf- 
ficiv ipt(oiiai. The I'liocisn nrmj 
abandoned the struggle in a conven- 
tion with Philip on the 22d of Sciro- 
phorion, six days after the report of 
the embasBy in Athena, The destruc- 
tion of the Phocian towns followed 
immediately. Cf. Bern. xix. 58-60. 
See App. 

4. ircpaLTipu TOV icaLpou: the old 
hatred of Thebes cherished by the 
Atheniana since the Persian war was 
intensified by the SBptt Ait/XTpiicii. Of. 
Dem. xvitl. iS, fi/tdt G' oShai titKtuiit, 
SxTTt tu,«4as fiiu floiiAfffflf aaSfimi, ei|- 
Balms !' irioSt Sf iitmaS^fai tiSouu-ii'. 

for the same formula, cf. 11. 139. 
Dem. XTiii. 36. The capitulation of 
the Phocian army and the severe 
meaaurea of Philip immediately set 
on foot against the Phocian towns, 
were tlie cause of this terror. In 
eleven daya from the announcement 
at Athena of the ratification of the 
peace, the Athenians in terror adopt 




-TTpeu^ivo'avnv, iroXii Se rtof aXXtov Sta^epoi^tus 4>t/.o-, 
*<pa.rr)^ Kol ^TjfiotTdev7}<; Bia to jxri fiovov Trp€Cr^^V€LV- _ 
L oXXa ital Ttt tpfjcftla-fiaTa. yfypa^fiepai,, crufe/Sij ei* Tois au- 
Tot5 ;^di'ois Bi,a<f)ep€cr6ai rt Ar)ixoa6evrjv Kai ^iXoKparrji' 
o^tSof uTTtp wii Kai u/icts awTOU! VTramT€V<jaT€ Sievt)(0T}- 
vai. Toiaun^s Se ip.trnrTovcrTj'i To-payy)-; h^to. toiw (Tvp,<pv- 
7(iiv vo(rt)p,a.Tbiv avri^ yjSr) to. fi.era. ravra. i^ovXevero Kai 

IjyiJO'aTO, et Tliii' <TVp.TTp€a^fv6vTtl>V Kai TOV ^iXtiriTOV 

icanfyopos dva<}>av€iT], top /acc <&i,\o/cpciri)i' irpoSijXco? 

these meBiurei which arc as good aa 
a new declaratian of irar. 

7. Tt/^V ilpfiVTiV irp«rp«viravTB ; for 
the same combination, r/l Deni. \ix. 
'34, 273- 

S f . Guu^povniif ATip^Hr6^vi)$ : pure 
fiction. Demoslhenea came easily 
into power by reason o£ Iiis protest 
against the conduct of liia fellows on 
the second embnasy. See Inlrod. § 20. 

§ 81, 1. aiiv(p>| : heginning of tlie 
prinvipal tlauso after in, § 80. 1. 

3. Insinuation of rivalry in brihe- 
Utking, the point of which is broken 
bj the clause inserted in the Mss. 
after iBeuftfifra line 5, bnt suppressed 
by W. See App. — virjp iJv: for 
Mp rtxtr^v <i*if> S.<. G.152iH.99G. 

4. TQpax'ns • distMrbing cause. Cf. 
lue. IT. 5, oHTUii TOfiexfi' iTI'.-yvoiiiviis, 
— (rv)j4vT0iv: innate; equiv. to f^i^a 
in Dem. xviii. 303, 4\A" obic Jiv mCra 
TBii lirt 'Mnnaloi! wirpia uiS' li-tKri 
«M' (ixpvra. Cf. Plut. Pe?o/i. 6, Tois 
'AB^raloi! wdTpior Kai eCtupurar rh (fiiK- 

odTsTt SciAla, The hertdilarii baseness 
of OemoBthenes springing from the 
taint in bis blood is here referred to. 
C/". § 17a. 2. An eqniilly unfavora- 
ble judgment of Demosthenes is found 

in Theopompus. Prng. 106, ABifiamv 
Tip Tp6ir<p yfyovdrai «al ji^re rpiyium 
fi^r' avflpiiTDii jroAlc XP^"" '''''' 

6. irup.irp«ff'p«uovTuv ! impf. partic. 
See on S 75. 2. The aor, is used g So. 
S with little difference of meaning. 
The represenlation that Demosthenes 
only turned on his colleagues when 
it was necessary in order to es- 
cape personal blame is contrary to 
Dem. III. 31-46, the circumstantial 
and interesting account of Demos- 
tlienea' denunciations of his col- 
leagues before the senate and the 
assembly immediately after the re- 
turn from Macedonia. If that de- 
scription is false, it is 'the lie cir- 
cumstantial.' Ace. to Dem. xix. 174 
Demosthenes did denounce his col- 
leagues still earlier, in Macedonia, 
but did not cefuse to join in the rati- 
fication of the peace. See Introd. 
§ iS. — Kalroij *iXIinTOu: an oiifortn- 
□ate combination, suggesting that the 
other ambassadors made common 
cause with Pliilip. 

7. *iXoK(KiTTiv irpoEijXios : Philo- 
crates' guilt was so little disguised 
that Demosthenes' accusation would 
be sure to ruin him. Actually Hy- 


■;aI2X1N0Y rata KTHSl*nNT02 ■ 

lafifos S' 6u5ofct/ti7 tret J' Kat TrpoSonj? r' tov Taiv <^tX(Uf 
',8B)cai TTOvqpo'i ttkttos ti^ Btjum (pavijcrea-Bai. KaTtSofTeg S' 
nurov ot TTpoa-iToXefiovi'Te^ Trj rrj^ TToXews r)iTV)(^La. dcrfia/ai^ ' 
■naptKoKovv im ro ^'^p-a, rof p.6vov dBotpoBoKTjToi' ovo- 
palpin^^ T^ TToXei ■ 6 Se Traptojv ap^a? iv^hiBov iroXefMov 
5 Kttt Tapa^rj^. oSrd? eVnv, w duBpe^ ' Kdrjvaiot, 6 TrpwTO? 
i^evpoiv 'S.eppi.op rei^o^ Koi AopCo-Kov koX 'EpyCa-/cf)i' Koi 
MvpTta-KT)!' Kol rdvo^ Kal TafiaSa, y^iupia. oiv ouSe ra 
ouojiara yZeifiiv irpoT^pov. Koi els tovto (f>dpo>v irept- 

perides and not Demoathenea was the 
aceaaer of Philacratea. But lliat Be- 
niostijenes had some port in the trial 
13 shown by Dem. xi3. Ii6 ff. 

8. NLvSuvttSirHV : lie pat in jsopardi/, 
Tliia aeema to be an alluaion to the 
trial on tbe Embaaay, 843 B.C., in 
which Itemoathcnes acuiiaea others 
besides Aeschines by implication and 
also in hia speech. See Introd. § 21, 

9, 10. For the same e^qjression of 
the absurdity of a scouiidrei in private 
relations proving a good pablic man, 
■ee on § 78. 3. Themmenei' uourBa 
is similarly described in Lys. iii. 67, 

Xtfiof ^lArciToyr ivT:i^ nitrip Kartjyop&if 

$ S2. ^. ot 7rp(KnroXi|iavvT(t t^ Tifi 
miXtut lin-uxlf^ an allusion to the 
war-parly led by Hegeaippus. See 
Introd. § 19. For the form of e*- 
preasion, cf. Pint. Nic. 9, oJ /iifXirjTa 

KA.^ff Kill BpaalSas iaai'. 

3. riv iiovDV aEupaS(iKi)Tov : with 
Btmiiar bitterness 11, S, /Aivor S' ir t^t 
\6yif palvfrai K^Sefiiiir t^i -riKtas A17- 

4. IviSffiou : -if/i! furmshing. 

6. tt/cv^liv icT\. : bold digpHragenjpnt 
of places, some of wbicli, as Doriscus 
(cf. Hdt. Yii. 59, 108), from Ibeir posi- 
tion on the Tliracian coast, nere of 
importance to Philip. For a reply, cf. 
Dem. XVIII. 17, where this disparage- 
ment ia fitly charttcterized with tbe 
word Siitfupt. Thftt Demosthenes was 
thoroughly impreaaed with the im- 
portance of these places appears front 
his namerons allusions to them. Cf. 
xvm. 29. 70; vni. 64; i\. 15; [tii. 
37]. Philip, driTing out the weak 
Athenian garrisons, oi-'cupicd thete 
places before his ratification of the 
peace. See Introd. § 18. The oce 
palian of these places rounded 
his conquest of the kingdom of the 
Tbracian Oersobleptcs. The Cher- 
sonese with the exception of Cardia 
waa left in the possession of AtheDs. 

7. MupTloTrqvi contemptnons tam- 
ing of MuprriFcl!, Dem, Kvm. 27, into 
a diminutive, aujigeated by t.Bplir*ov 
Koi 'Epylattrtr. — TaVtiiGa ; prob. a simi- 
larly sarcastic duplication of Tirot, 
as if one were to indulge in tbe con- 
temptuous jingle " Windsor, Pindaor, 

8. <^'paiir ; with verbs of motion 
implying impetuosity. Cf. gj 90, 143, 


AESCniN'ES OS THE CROWN 82, 83. 10 

^(rrqcre ra vpayfiaTa, ^ar ci fiei/ fLi} trefiirot jr/)c'erjSeis 
10 ^t'XiTnros, Karaippov^ti' clvtov e(fn} ttjs TrdXeos, ei 8e 

■ TTCfnToi, KaTaa-KOTTOv; TTtftTruv 


■ TT/MCT/Set 


€iriTp£Tr€iP iBdXoi irokct rtvl icrrj Kai Ofioia mpi Ttitu 
iyK\i)p.a.Tftiv, ovK eti'ai KpVTr^v luov rjpXu t<j>r) Kai, ftuXCw- 
7T0>. 'AkavfTja-ov eSt'Sou ■ o S' aTnjyopevG /ir) Xafi/Sdi-eiv, 
ci SiSdxTtf aXXa fir) aTToSi'Siutri, rrept crvWaficUp Sta^epd- 
fiwos. KOI TO reXevratov o-Tef/iavtucra? tovs ^€t' 'Aptoro- 
Sij/xov ets QeTTaXiai* Kdt Maytajtriaf irapa ras iTvvdr)Ka% 

146; I. 175; n. 63. Similttrly the 
mid. is used § 89. 3. Ildl. vii. 210, u; 
i' trurBy •pipiiin'oi is Toiii 'EAAijrai al 

10. KaTai|ipovitv : there wna prob. 
loo much truth in what served the 
war-party at that time as a railjing 
cry, " I'hilip is Irenting aa with con- 
Wmpt," Cf. [Dem.] vii. 17, tl /ii) 
ijiiiy fiiv KUTiuppiiytT, and Id, 29, iXX' oJ 
vpiipa tfatn-ntppointKivai. 

11. KaTiuriiiiircnis: possibly a refer- 
ence to Anaiinus. Cf. § 223. Dem. 

§88. 3. l<rB nclI fiul^: ftiUy im- 
partial. For tlie anme combination, 
cf. Thnc. i. 27. 1, iv. 105. 2, t. 27. 3. 
[Dem.] ixv. 16. Hdt. ii, 7, aumd.xoys 

3. (YkXi||i^twv : iii^ereiiefS,e\ich OB 
sprang up immeilintely after the 
pence. E.g. the Atheniani wished to 
amend the treaty itself, ao as to keep a 
elaini on Amphipolis, changing iiraTt- 
(wvi Ix'^y & tx'vnr to iKari/uV! fx"-' 

Ti JavrS^ Of, [Dem.] v:i. 18, 36.— 
■tpiT^v tony: the emaller atatea would 
not dnre to arbilrale against Philip. 

i. 'AX JvvT]irav • tliia island, being 
an iftxaia!/ nr^^a rSr 'ASiiyaliey, was 
atlooed by them to become and re- 
maio a pirs lea' nest. Philip cleared 

and occupied it with a garrison, la 
reply to tlie [oudly eipresaed grier- 
ances of the war-party at Athens, he 
offered to give it up to Athena, But 
the war-party refased to aeijepi it aa 
a gift, and insisted that Philip should 
use the word aioJouKai, making se- 
ll now led gm en t of wrong-doing. — ffit 
Gou : offirfd. G. 200, N, 2 ; H, 832. 

6, BTToBlSowi: reslnre, — wipl otA- 
Xapuv BiB^poyivot : this insisting 
upon the word iri aeemod to the 
comic poets of the lime a capital 
joke. Cy^Ath, vi,3. It served Aes- 
chines well to point a tlirust at De- 
mosthenes, hut an important point of 
international rights was involved in 
it, [Dem.] vn. treats the aubjett in 
erlenso. taking its tilie therefrom. 

6. T01DI \kn' 'AptrroGijiiov i refer- 
ence to au otherwise unknown free- 
booter. The incuraion waa prob, in 
connection with that of Callial of 
riiak-is referred to in Phiiip'a letter, 
5 5, KoXXfn! Toiroy 6 raf' ii/iaiy eTpa-nf 
tIi rij juiy »A(ri rii! iv rif nayaajr^ 
uJAiriti xnTOiKoafi^ya! haSt» iraaat. 
This getting Aristodemus crowned is 
put as the tinal act of hostility to 
Philip that virtually broke the peace. 
For Demoatlienes' splendid reply, cf. 
Dem. ivm. 70-73. 



KoX Tov TroXcfiov KarecrKevacreu. 

84 Nat ctWo, ^aXxoI? Kai aSa/icu'Tu'Ots reC^ecFLi', tti? I 

^Ui. aXX', 5 avhps^ 'A^Tjcatoi, ire/Jt ravra Tpi'a ra /ie- 

5 TreiK TTepl rrj'i Bavp^acrrrj^ crvp.^a)^La<; t^s TcSv &y)^ai(oi', 
Iv e'^e^s Xeytu, Trepi T(uv Ev^oewn irpioTov [ivj}<tQ^- 

'5 'tp.el'i yap, w ai-Spe? 'A^rjiiarot, ■n-oXXa /cat p-eydXa ^8i- 

Kr}p.€uoi VTTO Mv7)crdp)(ov tov XaXKiScoi?, tov KaXXiou Kat 

with Till jii\iitor, hgiKron proleron. 

b) Criticiini of Dtmosihenca' Evboean 
foliey. §§ S4-105. 

Demostlienea' reply, ivm. 95 fl., ia 
couched at if Aeachines had coupleit 
■ome attack on the Bj^zanliDes with 
this matter, prob. indicating some 
change here from the oration aa de- 
livered. On Eiiboean nliairs, see 
Grote. XI. l-. 83, pp. 14.? B. ScUafer, 
II. pp. 73 ft. 

84. 1. valiiWitC: c/. §22. 1. Here 
' the suppaued obJEUlion is made to 
appear aa a fooliati partiaan boast. — 
XoXkoIc Kol dSofLavrlvait : lit. bronze 
and ateel, inalead of tbu usual Kidoi 
■col tKIvBoi: here equiv. to no mere 
material walla. C/. Dem. xviii. 299, 

6olt iy^t a\?C iitif ritp ifihy rtLxtsfihv 
Bo6\ji Iixalus •riiBri7v, e5pi)<rii! H^rAa 
Hai v6Xfis Pfol T^iraff itai \ifiiyai itai 
fuSs na! iroAAoit Ittoui Kal Tout ujrJfi 
TevTuc ifiuvofi^mut. Aeat^hines may 
have choaen the form of hta exprea- 
aion after having heard the above 
pasaage. See Introd. § 23. 

2. rg 9T|Pa(uv rufiitiixlqi : Atheni 
after the I'eaee of Philocrates was 
more than ever isolated in Greece. 
See on § 70. H. How dangerous it 
naa in thia cnndition to pursue a 
course of hoalilitj to Philip, Demos- 
thenes prob, felt more keenly than 
the other leaUera of the war-party. 
His first endeavor was to secure »llie» 
by whom Athens should be covered 
as by bulwarks. Two luch great buU 
walks were Euboea and, most of all, 

4. (uiXurra iJyvoiJKaTt : gou have 
been in the highest degree eaUoas In it, — 
irirtiiSuv ktA.; attempt to put the 
jurors in a stale of expectancy of 
something better yet to come. Cf. 11. 
44. Dera. xviit. 11 e(c. The promiae 
is fulfilled in g§ 141 it. 

B. Saii)iaa-niE : the contempt with 
which Demosthenes' cliief eiploit aa 
a Btatesman ia here met in advance is 
as unbecoming aa Demoathenes' slur 
on Aeschinos' military service. Cf. 
Dem. XXX. 113, avrii olfiai BavitJteiiis 
aTpaii^T,,, £ ZcD. 

§ 85. 1. liSiKii^^voi 

3. Mvtto-dpx'"' = li" offence 


ei. p.65. 
Tavpoada^QV^ narpo';, oSs orros vvvl fiifrOhi^ Xa/Saiv 'AOj}- 
vatov<; etcat ToXfia ypd<f)eiv, Kat wd\iv vtto Qe/itVftii'os 
ToS 'EpeTpte'w;, os ij/xwy elp-qvf)<i ovtrrj'i 'Clpomov difieCXeTQ, 
TovTdJf eKOJTes iiTi\a96fL€vot, tVeiSij Sie^Tjaai/ ets Ev- 
i8otav Ph^jSatot KaraSoi'Xfoo'acrfJat 705 iTfLputfji€i/oi, 
iv TTone ij/xcpat? c^orj^jjaare aurois xal caucrt xal ire^^ 
Swa/tet, fcai wpip 7pid.Kov9' rjfiepas SukOelv viroa-iTou- 
3 Sous &r]ffalov^ dt^-qKare, Kvpioi. rij? Kv/3otas yevoi^cvot, 
Kdl Ttts re TToXets awrd^ fai ras TroXtreias aTre'Sore op^tos 
Kat SiKai'cu; rot? ■napaKaTa9fp.ivoi<;, ov^ i^yoiJ/ievot St- ee 
Kaiof eirat r^f opyrjv dirop.vrjp.ovevea' iv tw Trtarcvdrj- 

known. It was prior to tliat ol The- 
miion, and prab. Bubaeqneot to the 
battle of Lcuctra, wliicli uitroduced 
tllch confaaion into tlie Second Alhc- 
uian Cocfedar&cy. 

3. ojs oiTo% vuvl ktA.: Calljas and 
TaUTOstbenes, after followmg in tiie 
fimlBtcpB of their father, and ivorking 
RgainBt the Athenians in connection 
Rith the rcTolt of Euboea and the 
battle of Tam;nHQ, 3&0 d.c, caoie 
OTer to their aide, and hj tlie indu- 
ence of DemostlieneB received Athe- 
nian citizenihip, perhaps subsequent 
to Chaeronea when thej were eiciles. 
The entanglement of Euboean rela- 
tions gave a good opportunilf for the 
common charge of venality. Cf. § 86. 
Dioarch. i. 44, 

4. 6i|ilawas : tyrant of Sretria, 
who, in time of peace, 396 B.C., seiied 
OropoB from the Athenian I, and 
turned it over to the Thebaos. Cf. 
II. 164. Dem. iviii. 99. After Chae- 
ronea Philip restored this to Athtns. 
C/. Paul. i. 34. 1, KTvati^imi 3f oi 
nfiiTtpor B'Saias, rplv ^ 4'lAiinroi @ii- 
Bis <A^v UvKt cr^uiit. 

7. Oti^atM KT^,: the ThebaDs fo- 

mented party strife in the Euboean 
cities, and the Atheniana, wlien one 
pnrty invoked their aid, at the insti- 
galian of Timotheus, decided to inter- 
fere, and saved Eretria (Chalcis and 
Caryalua making common cause vith 
it). 357 B.C. Cf. Dem. vm. 74. T.^- 

is Be? eot(e«» lea! Tott EiBmias o^'feii'. 
8. iv nt'iTTS ijrupus: c/. Deiu. xmi. 
14, iff 6' tri TrpifTjw E^^OEE'iri itfiefmv 
rfiif iBo^Biira.Tf Kat 0t,BuIi<us hrBtnir. 
Sous iT(T<Vi*oT(. Such expreeaions 
resting OQ no defUlite computation 

find an analogy in ' The Seven Days' 
War' (of the war between Prussia 
and Austria in 18fl6). Demosthenes 
often points with pride to this eipe- 
dition. See Scliafer, I. p, 144. note 1. 

10. ii<|>iiKaTi : form rare in prose, 
— ■y(Vo'|uvot: concessive. The Athe- 
nians might have been expected to 
arrange Euboean affairs to suit tbem- 

11. airiEoTt : see on § Sj, 5. 

12. TrnpaKaTaBtiiivois : see on § S. 3. 


oiro^v^liovtviiv : 

equiv. to ^uTjoinautip, Dem. svui. 94, 
96, 99, llie brilliant passage in whieh 


^^1 106 

^^^1 86fa(. Kat Tr)\i.Kav8' v<f>' v/ioii' eZ TTa66vT^s ol XaXKiSei^ 
^^H ou Tas 6fLOta<; vfilv aTre'Sotrai' j^apiras, aXX' fTreiSij Ta- 
^^^1 -)(ttrra. StejST^TE et5 Eu/Soiai' nXourap;(&) ySoTj^oOiTcs tows 
^^^H jUcv 7r/3(07ous ;(pd(/ou5 a\X' oSc •jrpoireiroiovi'O' ii^'iv etvai 
^^B 6 f}>i\oi, inci Se ra^^iorct ets Ta^ufas ■rtap-qkdoji.of koX 
^^^1 TO KorvXatof ouofj.a.^ofio'op opo'; iwepe^dWofiei', ivravSa 
^^V KaXXias 6 XaXxtSeus, oc ATj/xotr^e'i'Tjs p.i.tT0a.pi'wv dveKto- 
l 87/i*io4ei/, opwK TO oT/jaroTreSof to t^s ttoXews ew Seu/a? 

Sucrj^oipias »caTafce«Xu^a'oi', oBo' firj I'lK-qcraat. fjid)(^r)i> ovk 
ijc dfa^wp-rjiTL^ ovBe l3oi}deta.<; cXttis ovt in yi); our' ck 
da\dm}<i, avuayeipa'i ef awaoT/s ttjs EujQoias orpaTOTre- 
5 Soi* Kou napd <i>i.KiTnrov SvvafiLU Trpocr^erajre/xT/ja'^ecos, 

Demostlienea is enlagizing Ihia aamo 
forbearance on the part of Atlicns. 

§ 86. 2. ria ep^los dm'Smrav: re- 
lumEd like for like, x'^l"'''" i^ unusual 
iu tliJB forniula. Cf. Udt. vi. 2i, ira- 

K irt'Soiroi' t)|» i/tolij* Su,8ii;i?Tafc iv. 


i. 02, ix. 78. 

), HXsvTtfpxi^ p(n]Oaiii>m: this ex- 
pedition, conducted hy Phocion, 360 
B.C., vraa higlil; discreditable to Ath- 
ene. Ftutarch was tjTBiit of Eretria, 
The popular party supported by Cal- 
liaa and Talirosthenes tried to eject 
him. When Plutarch appealed to 
Athens for help, Kubulua persuaded 
the Athenians to embrace this oppor- 
lunitj to secure the poHsession ot 
Euboea. The popular party aimed 
at absolute independence, and by their 
success the island would be loet to 
Athens. But how much better a sin- 
cere ally than an nntrustworthy de- 
pendent! Callias was a higli-niinded 
patriot, and the treachery of Plutarch 
waa B fitting reward lo the Atlieniaiis, 
Demosthenes justly taliea credit to 
himself for having opposed tiiis ex- 

pedition. Cf. Dem. V, j, itf&roi irol 
^rii-iit ■wapfWiiv imtiiiaf. In this con- 
nection he was assaulted by Midiai, 
Cf. Dem. iJti. no. nXoiTapxoi i roi- 
Tpu JfiiDi itn! fUoi, and 200, Medial 
nAoi^nJ/Jxo" -wpa^fvf!, tairippiiTa oISsi', 
ft t<)A« ourir ail x"!"'- 

4. dXX'o^v: BeeDniu-<;2v,§ii.8. 

6. Tap,iSvcM: cf. Harpocr. i.u. Ta/ii- 

T^ 'Epfrpmr al TafiSfcu, ffBa nal ltpb¥ 

7. Sv Ai|piiHrB^i>i|S |ucr4apvttv Ivtuat- 

|iCaJ(» : virtual repetition of § Sj-S, for 
ihe bestowal of citizenship would in- 
variably be accompanied by some hoD- 
orabk mention. By tlie omitiion of 
some such word as Strrtpai', the praise 
of Demosthenes ia maliciously spoken 
of as if contemporary with Callias' 
alleged treachery. It ia to be re- 
mnrlied, however, that CsUias was an 
open and honorable enemy of Athens. 
§ 87. 1. itt Uivis Swrxuptoc rf. 
Pint. P/ioc. iz, Kaf Tiva A6ipor xfi'^Pi 
Bn9ilif Tuv Tfpl rii TaiiiiKos iwiTiSuf 
iiioKpvirritxevoii KuraXapiit. 

5, irapd, *iWirjrou: Philip had for 



Thuc. i 

27. 5, f 


o t' dSeXi^os avTov TavpoadevTj^, 6 vvul Trcu'Tas npocr- 
yekwp, rows <^0}KtKov^ feVou? Sia^t/Sairas, ^\9ov i(f}' 

SSiJ/xas ws dpatpTj(JOPT€^. Kol et ^^ irpSiTOP p.kv 6t5>v T15 
ia'tDcre to crrpa707reSoc, iiruB' ot crrpaTLoiTat ot u^eVepot 
Kttl ol Tre^oi icat ot iTTirets oi'Spes aya^ot iyivovro Kal irapa 
TOP 'niTToZpoiLov TOP Iv Tafivvais €k irapaTa^ew? p-o-XV >^P'^~ 
5 njuai'Tcs wirocTTTovSou? a^iiuav tov<; iroXejiiwus, etfti'Su- 
vevcrev w ri 7ro\t? ra aifr^^iiTra ■naSiiv ■ ov yap to Suotu- 
\y)(Tai Kara TrdXe/xoi' eori SeifOTaToi', dXX' orai' rts tt/jos 
dcTayojcioTd? dua^iov; SLaKLvBvuevoiv dTroTv^yi, SiTrXa- 
(nav eiKoi icrnv eluai ttjv trvp^opdv. atOC 6p.<a<; vp€t% 

89ToiauTa nenopdoTe^ Trdkip 8beXv<raaffe irpos avTov'S. tv- 

Bome time been luiDglmg iiii]irectl7 a man, and not a womnn or child. Qf, 
ia the party strifes of Euboea to fur- 
ther his own interests in the islam!. 
Cf. Bern, xviii. 71. 

G. o t" dScX^x^t: added with appar- 
ent carelessness as an aftertliought. — 
irpowTcXw ; used Plato Rep. Tiii. 566 d, 
of the wheedling manner adopted hy 
a tyrant while gaining hie power. 

7. Toih ^uKLKoin £(Vaut: the trained 
soldiers of the period, who, in 3G3 B.C. 
had coped successfullj with Philip. 

8. lifios: first pers., as in § S5. 5 f., 
because Aesehines was present at tlic 
battle. Cf. 11. 169 f[. The impas- 
sianed utterance of a participant 
marks the whole passage. — i^ avai.- 
pijroVTCt: c/.-Xcn. Aa. iii. 2. 11, i? 
apavmiin-iiii/ aiBis rij 'Afl^cas. Id each 
passage &! hints at the disBppoioted 
expectations of the enemy. 

§ SS. 3. Kdl ol irt^ol xal ot Linrili : 
the more important is put first as in 
§ 140. 0. — fivSpts ii-ya9ol lytvovre: 
fortlter pugnassent. 
114, i voKifiapx" Ka^xlfiaxi's Bm^fl*!- 
pe-rai, iriip yinS^ei-oi d-yafliij. On the 
Other hand, ii/Jip ihat means to be 

4. JK iropaTofiug : after a aiubbom 
fghl in line o/ballle. Cf. § 151. DU 
narch. i. 82, toioCt-oj o£toi, if liif rail 
BojJriTilfeoi* iii«Biip6!, it Si Tols oIku 
fi^ouffi 7rp(iTB(W*l, ip Si Tort ifp(ffS«u- 
THii SparfTTis tarin. Dem. u 49, oiSti' 

6. ou -(if TO kta. : with this legitir 
mate climax contrast the artificial 
one, Dem. xviii 5, rinTUf ii.ii/ yip 
iiTriirrfpi7ii0ai Amnjpdi' iuTi Hat ;itnAf*-iJ», 
fiAAwj re «ftc iir' ^x^P"" '"f toSto irii>t» 

8. airoTiixn ; abs, i with gen., §§ 92, 
212. — SiirXarlav: i.e. defeat and dia- 

9. ihcoi : neat rhetorical turn, chal- 
lenging denial, like " I should sup- 

10. SuXu'irao-St : llie reconciliation 
and treaty nitli Euboea followed in 
343 B,c. C/. 11. 12. See Schafer, IL 
pp. 80, 155. Grote (XI. c. 88, pp. 
119 f.) regards the negotiations in 
343 B.C. as having proved 1: 


^faii/ Se (Tuyyviujj.Ji'i nap' vjiStv KaWt'a? 6 XaXKcSeu; /n- 
Kpov SiaXtTTWi' [xpo^O"] -naXiv ^Ki tfiepofievo^ eis t^c eau- 
TOW ^vdii', ^v/SoiKOP fjiiv T<u \oycu trvviZpiov €« XaXwiSa 
6 crvvaywu, ((T^vpai/ 8e ttjw Eu^otac e'"^' u/ epyw irapa- 
crjceua^fuf, i^aCperov 8' aurw TvpawiSa irepnToiovptvo^. 
KavTav9a iKiritfiiv a-vwaywutarffv ^ikLTnrov X'^^pecrBat 
airrjKdti' ets MaxeSoviav Kat Treptj^et /ieto, ^iXittttou Kat 
90r(5i' kraipav cfs (tico/xa^cTo. dSiKTjo"a,5 5e KaKtivov diro- 
Spa9 vtrd^aXef avTou <j>£p(av ©ij/Satots- KaTaX.tTTttB' Se 


fill, the strained relation a between 
Athena and Euboea continuing undl 
the general peace, 340 b.o. Aeachi- 
nes, after eraphnaizing the victory of 
Tamjnae, passes over the fact that 
the expedition ended in the loea of 
Bnboea, and in atter disgrace to 
Athens. The events of g§ 89, 90 
refer to a period after the peace, 
about 342 B.O. See SchSfer, II. pp. 
393 £f., 458. 

§ 89> I . Tux<^ Gi irvYYv»|i.i]s : Qrote 
(XI. c. 88, p. 147) tliioka that this 
reeoticlllatlon of Calliaa and Athens 
is a fiction of Aeachines to make 
peeuilarly black the eharucfer of the 
man whom Demosthenes afterwards 
oho»e as his prolig€. Cf. § 97. 2, ViaX- 
Xlsoi iirtpriqliiii. To the same motive 
may be attributed Aeachmea' silence 
in regard to Chtarclius of Eretria, 
who, if (he Schol. on Dem. v. 5 ia to 
be trusted, was the head of the move- 
ment against Plutarch us, 

2. |iiKpi3v GiaXiiTBv: cf, gg 217, 220. 

3. ^tpo'iuvn: see on § 82. S. C/. 
Lycurg. 59, ?(« (' Uat iir' /xi'ivoe rit 
A6yof <titp6tityoi. The word paints the 
irreaiatible power of his innate base- 

tics. GMT. 10, N, 2; H. 825. This 
attempt to unite the democracies of , 
Euboea under the leadership of Chsl- 
cis, a pet project of Demoathenes, 
was temporarily successful, but waa 
undone bj Chaeronea. — i^' d|ui : 
Aeechines' main perversion of the 
situation, which ia more fairly stated 
by Dem. xviii. 301, in iiir fla^irnjt 
Ti}t ECBomr npoBoKlaSai rpb i-Qi 'At- 
Tufls. Of. Dem. xviii. Si, By. 

6. nin-ip nipawCEa, inptirciuv]uvtit: 

derstood in apite of Dinftrch. i. 44 
(an echo of Aeschines) as an exag- 
geration, as is Sunaa-rtla, applied to 
Demosthenes, § 3. 10. 

8. inpiiin ; i.e. " look part in Philip's 
campaigns." We have no means of 
testing the truth of this and the fol- 
lowing statements. 

§90. 1. orroSpos: subafqnent to 
atiiciiaas ; icore closely joined with ' 
iniPoAfv, with which It ia practically 
coincident in time. H. 856 b. — J«V- 
PdXiv i|h'pbv: the prep, suggests KaAa- . 
Kela- Cf. §§ 116, i6z. Dem. xxin, 
8, iift^s si iiirip^foBat Koi drpaweZtif' 
The whole expression denotes the 
recklessness with which the turncoat 

threw himself ii 

} the 

B of n 


(cdweiVous Koi irXetows Tpaironevo^ TpoTras tov Evpiirov, 
Trap" Of loKei, cts jj-itrov ifj.ntiTT€L ttJi; re @y]^aio)i' e\Bpa'i 
5 *fal TJj? ^iXiniTov. diropSip 8' o rt j^prJcraiTo ayrw, Kai 
TrapayyeXXojLiei^s eV ai/rov i^Sij orpaTeta?, ^tac ikniSa 
XoiTT^c KaretSe traiTrjpCai; IvopKov \a.^d.v tov Sij/ioc toi" 
'A^jjfai'iui', irvp.p.a.)(ov 6uopaa-9ePTa, (8ojj^i)0"£ti', ei Tts tV 
avTov tot ■ o tt/joSt^Xoi' ^i' ia6p.Qiov, ei /i^ v^eis K(u\v- 

T\avK^T7)i> Kai 'E/i7re'S diva * 
3. Tpain>|uvos Tpoirds: aec on § 2. 

4. Cf. PlUt. ^Clfi. 33, ofUT^poI T()^ 

iro^^t'^i T/wxai ToS xa^i»»*^oM-oi. Plato 
%p, 406 C, i-atroT OTpo^ni OTpitpia^ai 
(used to designate tbe tricks eaiplojed 
bf a wily speaker to escape an un- 
fnvorttble verdict of the jury). — tw; 
Evplirau: the sudden turns in tbe 
Euripus are matter of common altu- 
Bion In Greek literature. C/. Plato 
Phacdo, 00 c, Trirra ri Wb i.7tx*S,! 
&irirtp in Evpirtp ifoj Kal Kdret tprptpe- 
TsJ nol xp^^^^ oitSfvn iv obitvX jiiyti. 
Arist, Elk. N. ix. 6, 3. iitrappf't &axep 
EKp.iroi. Hyperid. i, Fi-otf. v. (Blasa. 
Zd ed.), TD^oui (Calliaa and Tauros- 
thcnos) yip fypB^i AtifioirBinit 'A3ti- 
jiaioui thai Kal xC^toi roiiToit wdi^ay 
liifiiBTa. Kai oiSirSav/uurrii'- niSetnTt 
ylip oit^ai firl t»v atiruv fL^bwv 




B to 

nte prs 

4. irap' ov ^K« : this playful gco- 
((raphical jusIiScation of tbe com- 
parJBon slinrpens it to a point. — (t; 
iUirtv ktK.: Callias 'fdl belveen two 
stools.' Possibly geography is still 
runniDg in the speaker's mind. 

aTTooreWet SeCpo irpicr^wi 
taX AioBoipov TOV SoXtj^oSpo- 

5- luropHV 6* ^Ti xprjcrairo quti^: ex- 
pressing the extremity of despair. C/. 
Udt. vii. 213, iiroptuvTO! ji 0aai^.i9i, 
' '■' xi'^'"t"" '"f Toptiii'Ti TpiryfTi. 
There is also a suggestion of Callias' 
Eeekiiig another market fur himself. 

7. (vopKov XaPtIv : " trick into an 
oatb " ; appoB. to ^AitiSa. 

9. ini>XD<riuTi : fordlscnasion of Clio 
mood and reading, gee GMT. 74, 1 

§81. 1. itpiVPiis: at the same 
time (B.C. 342) ambaeaadors from 
Oreus and Erelria, now thoroughly 
BubserTient to Macedonia, appeared 
in Athens, and worked against Cal- 
lias. AeachlDes supported tbem, de- 
manding that no help be given Chal- 
cis except on the condition that it be 
enrolled as a memher of the Athenian 
Confederacy. Cf. Bern, xriii. 82, 0! 
•yip irap^ joij K\(iTiLpxao Kol tju 4iAj- 
ffriSav tJtc irpiff0tij Sfvp' &^LKyoifieyoi 
Top^ iTol itar^kuov, Alffx^f^, Kol au irpoh- 

il„., .s,s.. 

who had gained the prize for the 
UKix<" (aee Guhl and Koncr, Life of 
the Gretks and Romans, p. 217), per- 
haps several limes, he would be well 
known throu|;liout Greece like Phi- 
lammon, Cf. Deni. xviii, 319. The 
aor, implies that hie rictoriee were a 


A12XIN0Y KATA KTn2I*nNT05 91, 92. 


Ikyja-avTo., t}iipovTas tCi fihr S-^fiio ikm&a^, ^T}[io(r6eveL 8' 

apyvfiMU KoX Tol'i nepl avrou. rpCa. 8' ^v a S-y-a. i^&it- 

5 ueiTO, TTptiiTov p.ip pri Siao-t^aXiJi/oi jtJs wpo^ vpS.^ trvfi- 

fiajftas" ouScf yap ^u to piuou, £t /xtTjir^cis rwi' trpoTi- 

dXX' vTnjp)(a' avr^ ^ t^evytiv eV XaXtctSo? ^ Te^vavai 
eyKaTa\T)tj)$an-L • njXtKavTai Svvdpei'; in avTOP c'lre- 

10 CTTpdrevov. Sevrepov 8' tJjrep tou /a^ cruveS^eveu' 'AOtj- 
vTjai XaX.KtSea?, rpiTov 8* aicrre ([117 reXeic OTJtToE^ei?. 

93xai TovTwv twv ■npoa.i.piatoyv ou8€/xias aTrervj^e KaX\iay, 

dXX* 6 fiiaoTvpawoi; Ai^/ioa^e'i'Tjs, ws airos irpocniQi- 

cirai, ov (^Tjcri K.ttj<ti<^(uv to. ^ekria-Ta. Xeyeiv Kal TTpdr- 

T«ic, aTre'SoTo //.ef tol^s (caipous tous t^s irdXecus, iypoipe 

b S' ev T^ (rvppa)(tq. ^0T)9tiv T\pa.<s XaAKt8cu(Ti, pTJp.a fio- 



thing of the past. C/ Andoc. :. 47, 

tpiriXos i Ipxinriiiiinis. 

3. IXitCSm: iDBinustion Diat this is 
■bout all that ihe people ever gets 
fromDemoBthenei'policj. C/'. §§ 100. 
4, 223. 6. For the sharp antithesia, 
ef. g 7S. 7. In order not to blunt Ihe 
antitheBJa rait nepl atiTiv is allo-ned 
to come in apparently as an sftcr- 
thought. The latter, containing the 
BU^eition that Demosthenes was the 
bead of a clique, whs too good to be 
lost. Cf. Flut. Phoc. 17, Toii irtpl 

8. vnipxcv: relinquebatur. Cf, 
ThUC. Tit 63. 2, {nrifXf^ i' wl" *t. yvv 
yt rit Tr\fiig Tif rf^cp inKparii^. Hdt. 
Ti. 109, irdplit Toi t£» iyi, KUT^Affa 

9. TigXiKovTiu; pred. 

11. Tplrov: on artificial duplicat- 
ing of the second item. See on § 34. 
4. — iruv™{(is ; milder term employed 
under the seconil Athenian confeder- 
acy for the older, offensive pipas (,e/. 

§ 258. 1). Callias nimed to make 
Chalcis not a member of the Athe- 
nian ffuriSfnov, but an all; of Athens 
on equal terms (cf. tufi^xi" SS 9>. 
9'> 93)1 "hich wonld exclude all 
thought of contributions to Athens. 

§ 92. L vpeaifivtav: aims. Cf. 
Dem. xvin. 93, ^ -wpaalpfeu i i/tti Hal 
h voKiTiia, and ibid. 192, in a!i rj}v 

3. fi piXTirrtk KT\. : bitter allu- 
sion to the words of Ctesiphon's bill. 

Cf 1 49. ■?- 

4. Taut Koipo^ : c/I § 66. 8. No- 
tice the similarity of the first line* of 
this section to the last lines of § 66. 
The implication here is that Demos- 
thenes ought to have made capital 
for Athena out of the perplexity of 
Callias. But was Athena in no ; 
plenty ! 

6. o-unnax'^i Itrma of ilie allic 
— Ml** fovDV ktA,: the inainnation 
that Demoflthenea inaerted a mere 
phrase (^>ui), xal XnMiSeat ^B*i 


6t, p. ee. 
vov diTiKaTaWafa/xei'os £v0i?/J.ias ivcKa, Kal XaXKiSea? 

Kat Tas (7WTafeis e^ wy ia^ija-^ip 6 iroXe^os e/ieXA.o' 07 
aph-qv djreSoro, /caWtorots ovofiaaip atcr^Lo-ras irpdfeis 
ypa.<j)0jv Kai. T(o koyo) vpoa^i^d^iuv vfj.a.1;, ras /aei' ^ot^- 
5 ^et'as 015 Set 7'^i' irdXiv npor^pov Trotel(T0ai toI? del 
Sfop-evoK tSiv 'EWijcwv, ret? Se^^Ca'; virrepa^ /leTa 
ras eue^etrias. wa S' ev etS^re, ort dXTj^iJ Xeyia, Xa^Se 
/^o( Kat dvdyvojBi to ^T^^ia/xa. 

94 OuTTto TOU'vi' TOib-' eoTi Scti'di', ei Kaipol ttjXikovtoi 

TTETTpaiiivoL Tvyj^avovcTW, dXXa ttoXu tovtou Seti'OTt/ioi' 
i^o.cjjo'erai, o /xeXXtu Xeyew. cis yaya toCto irpo-^-^Brj KaX- 
Xtas /ACy o XaXwtSeus vjSpeco's Kai ■jrXeoi'efias, Aij/Aoo-^e- 

iit\., as a euphemism, ia rather farced. 
The terms of an ulliance generally 
expressed such mutunl obligation. 
Cf. ThUC. 1, 44. 1, ^irrjuax'"" Si '""'^ 

(TBITO Tg OAAI^XWW SoTje*''', ^iic Ti! trl 

K^pKupat f); 4 'Afi^i'ai fi robs Toiruv 
ttunnix"' t^nd the more detailed de- 
seriplion of the j-u^^uixf". '''- '• 47' 

7, PoT|S<LV: appoa. to fi^fta. 

§93. 1. <niviSpl<iS '<T^.: AeEohi- 
nea ia eimply going round and round. 

4. Tils paT|8(fiis: onipliatic by hy- 
pe rbal on. 

5. Tott dil S<op.Vvois Tuv 'EWtjvvv : 
id whatevtr Grafts needed it. Cf, 
§ 127. 4. In no way docs the supe- 
riority of DemostheneB become bo 
apparent ae in this attempt of his 
rival to vilify him. His thoroughly 
Hellenic policy ia nowhere better act 
forth. Were it not for this paasage 
one might think Demostbenea' report 
oi the narrow-minded utterances of 

Aeachinea, Dem. xis. 16, fajSefi t£c 
'EAA^i/wv Aftas SoTifltri', Bi ttf »ijj vpi- 
T(pD( BiBi''r)6'>)iiiis iiiiu j!, a Blander. 

6. irvfi|iaxCas : it seema that De- 
mostlienea regarded his present ar- 
rangement, uufiiiaxlf, 5 92. 5, as a 
moiius Vivendi, the definitive treaty to 
be arranged later. 

§ 94. 1. oiiino Tovr' itrrX Gtivov: 
similar to the Demosthenic formula. 
Cf. Dem. vin. 30, ko! ri ^iv Toirnv 

T.yis ifcot TOmiiTllUT Stifif hf ui Siii'6v 
iUTi. II. 55, Kat uix' ""•• TOVTO Slifip, 
Kflfrcfi iv Stii,6y. XXI. 72, ebSi tA ti^ 
TTTiffPoi id7( iktueipois iirrl StK^iv, un(- 
ircp bv Eiii'ifi'. This attempt to make 
a separate and larger crime out of 
the remiss ion of the tribute from 
OreuB and Erelriaia strained. Athens 
could not adopt a separate policy for 
each Euboean city. Besides, the tea 
talents revenue was a fiction. Noth- 
ing had come in since 360 e.c, Sec 
on S 88. 10. 


81. p. a; 
5 i^s 8e oi- iTratvei KTr)ai'f>S>v SwpoSoKias, wore riis e'f 
'fi/ieou cruirafeis /cat ras cf 'Eperptas, ret SeVa raXai^a, 
6piavTCi}v <l)poi'ovi'T(ov pXeTTOvTwv cA.a^o;' w/xtu^- ui^eXo- 
^ecoi, Kai 70U? eV twi- TrdXewi' Tovroiv (TVPeBpovs Trap' 
VfiSiU p.iv apiuTrfrrav, iraXiv Se eis XaXKiSa Kai to Ka- 

10 Xou/i€i'of Euj8oi*fbc (rvv^yayov. ov o€ Tpoirov Kai 01' 
otwi' KaKovpyT]fj.dTa>v, ravT ^Siy d^iov iaTw a.Kovuai.. 

d5a(f>iKP£'iTaL yap irpos u/i5s ovtceVi Si' dyyc'\a)i' aXX* au- 
Tos 6 KaWias, «at irapeXOaiu ets t^v eKKX-qcriav \6yovs 
StefijX^e KaT«TK£vacrp.ei'ov^ vtto ATj/iocr^eVous. eiTre yap, 
ws Tj/fot tK IIeXo;roi^*^(rou fecofrri cri^t^ay/Lia o'viral'as eis 
5 eKaTov ToXduTo)y TTpoaohov ivl ^lKiitttov, Kal ajrekoyi- 
^ero ofroi" eKctoTov? cSet (TUfTeXeii', 'A;^atov? ^ev jrai^as 
Kat Meyape'as k^Kovra TixkavTa, tixs S' o" ^v0oia jrd- 

SSXet? airairas TETTapttKowa ■ eV Se tovtwi' tup ^(prjfi.dTaiv 
vndp^eiv Kcd vavriKrjv xdi Tre£,r)v Bvpap.iv • etfat Se ttoX- 
Xoys aXXous tw;! 'EXXiji-aJV ous ySouXecr^at KOLt/otfeif Tijs 

7, dpMinw ^povov'vTHV PXcirtivTav: 

attEimpt to curer a wi'ak case with 
fervid rhetoric. •ppoi/aivrwir at the 
end would hare made b tlimas. For 
a Bimilar triple aHjndeton, e/. i. loS, 
yifituv tvTwv, Afiiv Aptiyraiy, ix^p^i' 
iipfffTTiKiTCiy, Dem. Till. 36, iW 
JkeThii nir uitHii oIkol /itr^yTvy, irxa/^hy 
a-yirrar, dyiaiyirray, Sio ly EiBoi(f 
naT/imtfftr rapdryaus. Like this pae- 
sage aUo in the relation of the parties, 
to Ibe principal verb is Dem. xix. 
177, tff i/iiv ip^rrav, ray not Tifojum 
KUflay BiTBi' «nl ToJyayrlov ifoXifffat, 
Toiai>Ta jTOiouoii'. — fXoOov : this in its 
natural phtce after f^iuf would have 
made a succeESion of seven short 

9. rd KaXav)i.(vov : with a slur at 
the in sigrii Seance of the Euboean 

council compared with the Athenian. 

11. ofuiv ttrnv oKOua-ai : in thia 
formula the aor. inf., never the pres., 
ia used. Cf. § 79. Isae. ::. i;. Dem. 
xxn. 8; xxiii. 65, 156; xxiv. 155. 
For similar combinations, cf. u, 1. 
Ljs. III. 5; xis. 59. Isae. viii. 5. 
Dem. iTiii. 6; xiTit. 3, 7. See 
Jahrb.fur Phil. SI (18G5), p. 616. 

§ 95. 1. Sl' KftOMy. with of- 
myt'nai, as slniilarly Thnc. i. 90. I, 
^a«t:SaIfl.iylal ^\Soii rfiaBtlif. Calliaa 
appears to have visited the Pelopon- 
nesian cities in compaay with De- 
mosthenea, 341 B.C., to stir them up 
to war against Philip. Hii vieit to 
Athens falls, then, in the flrst months 
of 340 B.C. See Schlfer, U. p. 454. 
Grote, XI. c. 90, p. 257. 

3. KaT<irKivaa-)i^vai)t ' fur a similar 



(Tuwa^ews, aJoTE oure xpTj^Laroiv ourc orpanwrcui' ecre- 

& (T^ai airopiav. kcu Taura /icv to. t^avcpa ■ ei^ij 8e Kal 

ir^afcis wpaTTeiv erepay St' aTToppyJTiDV, kol tovtoiv eJvaC 

Twa-i p.a.pTvpaii tSiv rfperdpoiv nakLTtjJi', Kal TeXevrHtv 

*'tl ovofiaoTi. wapfKakei ^■qpoa-Oan)v kcki cruyeiTrtti' r/^tov. o 

Se (Teppo)^ TTiivv ■na-pf.'K.doiv t6v t€ KaWt'av UTre/JCTTTj^ti 

TO T6 a-VopprfTOv irpoa-fJioi-'jcTaTo eiSeuaJ. ■ Trji/ 5' €K IIcXo- 

TTovvijcrov npecr^etaf ■^c lirpla^tvae koX rfp' ef 'A«ap- 

6 ^cu'ia; e^Tj ^ov\€(T0ai. vpiv aTrayytiXat. ^f S' aurw ke- 

^aXaiov TOW Xdyov Travras ^ef TleXoTrowijtrtous vTrdp- 

X^i-v, TTdvTa<; 8' 'Axapi^ai/as (rufTCTayjue'cous eVt 'I'tXtTnroi' 

V^' cauToS, etvat Se to (Tvv7a.ypa ')(p-qp6.T0>v jikv et5 

eKaTOV vewt" ra^ufauTouirwi' irXij^w/naTa /cat ets vre^ous 

BSoTpaTMiJTa? pvptov^ koI 'nrnia.<i ;^iXiou?, virdp^eiv 8e TTpos 

Tovrois toi Tas TToXtTiKcLs Swm/iet?, ck neXoTrotTiftrou 

Ghnrgc, (/. S 7a. 0. — tti« ^af> ktK.: 
with the following report of Callias' 
ipeeth, coloreJ with iron7, cf. Dem. 

; vrnf^tiv: 



SijSiifaii' >iT<rv rpAi 4>f\in-ar f^n- '^nl 
tI ne^tUotii h.iriffycK'Kt rphs tftas, Kal 

4. inivTa^|ia: equiv, to ffiyrofit, 
§§ 91. 93- 94- 

g 96. 3. ^vXdrfu: inf. by aisimi- 
lation. GMT. 02, 2, n. 3 ; H. 947. 

4. irwTafias : tirgaiiiiation, 

G. 81' ibrappiJTUV : by sfcret nfgoiia. 
lioai, Cf. XI. 120, Toiii >4p nutpBTo\t- 
loj ^o^<ri. Ti rill >i«f(fi'»i' Biriffipi/Ta. 
Deni. XXI- 20O1 tA arippTtra oTitf, it 

7. riMis: still keeping up the al- 
tetnpt to be myaterioue. 
g 97. 2. uwifMinivtt : eee on § S6. 7. 
6- dara'yV'^oi'- "xl^e 1 riporl on. 

!re rcoi/j (c/". Dem. 
IV. 17, ravra fxiu oT^uu StFr i^ctpiifeiv) ; 
to be supplied as copula for the iiejtt 

7 . 'Aiiapvavaf ; ef. § 25(1. In Dem. 
3VIJI. 237, the speaker omils the 
Acarnaniaas from his list of diplo- 
tutttio triumpha. Probabl? they dis- 
appointed liim. 

10, |ivpIoi;f: Dem. iviu. 237, giyee 
the nmiiljerH, after Tliebes had joined 
Ihe alliance, ae 16,000 {ekoi and 2000 
cavalry &ttu rur wsAitihuv Juvit^Fuv. 
Cf. % 146. B. 

§ 98. 2. Tlic WoXtTLKOC Suvoiuit: 

the ciiiiensaidierg, few in numbers com- 

here cslled (rrpaTiurai, as conatitating 
the bulk of the armies of this time. 
Demosthenes in it. 21, insisting upon 
500 citizens joining the expedjlion. 
speaks as if pruposing Buinetliing very 

^H^ 114 

AlSXINOy K.ATA KTHSI*nNT02 98, 99. 


Sc ere- 1 

pow5 Totrovrous ■ SeSocr^ai Se aiTa.i'Tti>v tovtiuv tj)v i}ye- 
5 fiovCav iifitv ■7rpa.)(6-qa-€(Tdai. Se Tama ovk ets [laKpav, 
dXX' 6ts T^f eKTr/v eVi ScKa toO afOdTTyipiStvo^ p/qvo^ ■ 
elftrjaOai. yap iu rats iroXeiriv vij}' eavTov koI irapTjyy^k- 
6ai, TTairas ^Keif (TureSpeutroi'Tas 'A8-rjva£_e ets ttJw iraj'- 
99(rc\Tjcov. Kat yap tovto av9pii>TTO<; iSiof koX ou koivop' 
iroiEt. ot p.kv yap aXXot dXa^di/es orav tl y^tvZaivrai, 
aopLora Koi dcrafl)7J TreipSifTaL Xeyeiv, ^o^ovpfvoi rbv 
eXeyj^ov ATj/tocr^e'ji)? S* orav aXa^ofein/rai, TrpojTOV pev 
5 fLeff" opKov (/jeilSerai, i^toX^iav iirapiopofo^ iavTW, Seu- 
repoif 8c a, oTSei' ovSe'jroTe iaopeva roKpa. Xeyetv ets 
oTTor' etrrai, Kai tuw ra crcapaTa ou^ ttupaKOf ouSet's, tou- 
Ttoi- Tci ovopara Xeyet, kKeTrrwv t^v aKpoaa-tv koI pipov- ' 

6. (Is iioKpcCv; r/. Dem. : 

t( ol, I 


' (Jf l}l, 

. 36. cy: ii 

/laKpir; Ar. F^sp, 4 
vcTOf ira^^v B£vT}ir, i 
See H. 022. 

6. all rnv tKTuv iirl Gi'iut ktA.: 
March », 340 b.c. See SchiLfer, II. 
p, 464, note 2. 

8. runSpavo-oVTDE : a coDgreaB like 
that CDntemplnlcil in § 64, 7 is here 
meant. Alliens is to be primue 
Intcpiar... C/ J,,,..!.,, lin. 4. 
— (ll Tiiv iravirVXi^vai' : eTenins of the 
14th of AntliesterioD. See Schsfer, 
Lr. Perhaps an interval of two days 
nai ailoved, far possible delays from 
accident, or from confusion of the 
calendar in diETerent cities. 

§ 99. 1. ^ponrat : contemptuous. 
Cf. § 135. Hem. IV. 50, ^x^P^' fivflp"- 
ms. xviii. 139. — tGtov Kal ei KOiviiv: 
cf. Plato Rep. 536 b, IBioi i\\' vO 
MOiii&i £r. This emphasis hy contrast 
is especially common in HeroiJotus. 

[ [5, rh irofia &! iari 'EAAijunJii 
KaX Dij Rip^npiMi. Id i. z6, di/ x-ibai 
oAAit Tp^ijv the nej;ative is put flrat 
with the same cKect. 

2, oE |if V -yap oXXol uta. : similar 
method of heightening a fault in 
IS II, 12. This passage was prob. 
more effective than that. Aeschi- 
nes brings against Demosthenes the 
a«me charge of Ij'ing with circum- 
stance in Ii. 153. — oXc^ovfj: see on 
g 21 S. 8. 

6. j£ia\(iav ttrapijfMvot : cf. I. 114, 

{sc. Timflrchtis). Aeschines may 
refer here to Dem. xix. 17a, i^Axits 
il-oAol^iji' Jtal TpoioAiji. Cf. Dem. 
xviii. 141, ir^i^ofj' Tuk 6^ya,ll&v A,v6int- 

7. Kol iSv rd TiJiuiTa ktK. : meationt 
the names of persona icho do not exist. 
Of 11. 153, «l TpoTTlB,,tiy S^a nyi, 
iroita r/iairditfiiot, ti It«x' ""ofit, fu- 
fioi/ityos Toil TaAnSS ^fyfvras. 


fievo'i Tous Ta^rjOr) Xeyowras- y Kal cr^oSpa a^tds iari 

10 fii(r^la-$fu, on Troiojpos wi' Koi to. ra>v xpijtTTwv a^fiela 

iOOSiarfid^tpet, Tavra. S' (tTrwy SiStuiru' avayvatvai i{nj<j>ia-fia 

Tftl ypafifiaret [laKpoT^pov /xev rijs 'iXtctSos, Kevorepov Se 

T&li/ Xoytitt' ovs elaide Xeyeif, teat roC (Qiou oi' ^€0L(i>k€, 

fj.f.cTTOi' S' tXTTtSojc ouK iaopei-aiu Kal a-TpaTOTTiBtof ov- 

S SeVoTC fruXXeyijcro/ieVwi'. aTrayaywi' S' u^as a,TT<a9€v djro 6 

T-oy KKep.paTO'i Kal avaKpendaa^ e« TWf eXTri'Swv, ec- 

-ravda Zr) a-V(TTpe\pa'i ypa.^i.i k\4udai •npicr^ti'i ets 'Epe- 

Tpiav, otTti'es Sei^crovTai twj' 'Kperpieoiv, itavv yap eSet 

SfT^S^coi, fiffKCTL BiBoi/ai rr]v (rvvra^w vpXv aXXct KaX- 

10 Ai'^ Kal TraXw €T€povs eis n/seof Trpo; tous 'ilpetras, 

9. j : K'Jsrp/ore. C/l i. 44. Thuc. i. 

10. Ta Tw xpifTT'^ in]futa Et(u^6((- 
pii: that, because Demosthenea per- 
jures himself vehemently and cir- 
cQiBBtantiallj, other men's aatba enn- 
nat be believed ia an 'irapolenl eon- 
clasion,' finding a parallel pechups in 
Ar, Ran. !0aO. iSr. ^d^Folas Bal yfii- 

Tifrp. aiaxifBiians Sd roCii uai>! B(\- 

§ 100. 2, iiaKpDTipov )ijv Tijs 'IXi- 
v&Qf- perhaps the i^ompiler of the 
(iocnment inserted in Dem. xvxii, 
iSi ff. took his cue from this passage, 
I( we had the actual bill here referred 
to, it is not anUkely that tee should 
■ee that Aeschines had here made one 
ol his best hits. Here would be a 
temptation to parade tqi ^irnrra^i^ifnui 

To^nt Sviri/iii! (Dem. IV, IQ) against 
ohich Demosthenes was hardly proof. 
6, dvoxpipAo-ai f K Twv JXirlSuv : rf. 
Dera. XIX. iS, impTu^iram i\Tiain l( 
iXwiiuiv. One cannot help admiring 
the deftness of this malicious stroke 
at the 'apostle of hope,' whose hopes 

were now seen to have belonged to 
it^rtSait oiK iroiiiKiy. See on § 91. 3. 

7, mwTp^'+M: intr.; prob. rox 
militaria. C/. Hdt. ii. 18, avffrpf- 

AiffTo. Here transferred to style it 
signifies coneiseness. After much pro- 
lixity Demosthenes came suddenly to 
the point. 

8. irdvu ^cip f 6» Sii)B))V<u ; for we 
had Id beg l/iem outrit/ht. This MiJ*( 
mean either that the Euboeans looked 
upon it na su much a matter of course 
that coEtribuliona were to be levied 
upon them, that it took persuasion to 
disabuse them of this Idea, or that 
Demo.sthenes had so craftily worked 
up the affair that they made a aliow 
of relurtante as a part of the faree. 
The Scholiast's explanation, however, 
that Aeschines is speaking ironically, 
ia prob, correct; rh ajti\oii8av dirtit 
7iVj S/STf tJvfmaxyifU avTQVs Tit^ty. & Si 
iirdyei wop' Orivoiav tar* tlpuifeiav- fait 
lea Birrotr irapaj<a\iiruiri fiif tpipny t-ri 
Toil! ipipoi/s A^Tf, aKKi TifT KoAAlf . This 
tallies well with the bitterneai of the 
whole passage. 




Bt. p. ta, * 
exOpou j 

otnves StTjtrourat tov avroi' 'A^ijvctiots (ftCXov 

}jtr)<j)ur[i,aTi Trpo? tw KXefifiaTi, ypdt^a.'i Kai. Ta TreWe 
Ta\ai^a tous irpia^ui a.^i.ovv tov'; 'Upeiras ^■^ u/^ti' aWa 

B xat ras Tpirjpn^ koX ras aXa^oi/eia? aivdypM0L koX avrov 

a.vBpmiTQ'?, ov <f)T}a-i K.Tr}(Ti(})av SiareXeu' Xe'yovra Kat 
TTpdrroirra to apurra. T(a Sij/i&> rw ' ^d-r)va.iaiv. 

Se fTviird^ei^ tS>v avp,p,d\o)V, to. SeVo Ta\ai'ra, epyij) dirw- 

11. TOW o^riw «ta.. : no longer 
ironical; regular (onnnU for m of- 
fensive and defensive alliance. Cf. 
Xen. ^n. il, 5. 38, topi aOrobs xal rfx' 
epoii M^iflji. Tiiuc. i. 44. 1, iii. 70. 6, 
iii. 75- !■ 

SlOl. Iff. SeeApp. 

2. vpDf Tip KU)i,)iaTi : c/, nKiitTaiy, 
§ 99. 8, K^iii-naTo,, 5 100. 0. For the 
coDBt., e/: Dem. xix. 127, ?«^piiji> V 

Hoi BAO! irpil T^p \^;ifUlTC Hal Tl? Siupo- 

SokV"'- ivm. 176, fip Tt/o-BrjT' ^/jol 
leal TpSi T(p oKinrtr* SAXi /jjj ^i\oye(it(i'c 
ir(pl 5p Sf \fyio 7tnjo-6«. 

4. T&v ini|Hrov Kal Tds JXatoviCos - 
ef. st^vit, % 97. 2. i\ofi.(.l.Tr.i, § 99. 
4. Same phrase § 337. 4. It is the 
grandiloquence with nhich Demos- 
thenes parades the empty proiuLses 
of the Oreitea to Athens, to cover up 
the alienation of the Sve talents from 
the Athenian Creasur}', whi^^h Aeschl- 
nea tries to iiit hard. The 

of the phrase line 6, Zv f i^ri Ktijo-i^w 
mX (ef. g 92, 3) shows that he felt 
that he had done it. See App. 

6. i i^CKrm: which he underhand- 
edli/ pracliced. S is cognate ace. 

8. T^ 'A{li|vaCav : added malieiouslj 
to the words of the bill (see on § 49. 
5) because forsooth the action of 
Dem OB then en resulted in profit to 
anybody rather than the Athenians, 
See App. 

g 103. An eptpbonema in Aeechi- 
nes' beat manner, to the effect of which 
Ti;i> TiayiiiKiiiioy contribntes not a little. 
Ab to the facts, even if nothing came 
of the projected congreBB on the Iflth 
of Anthedterion, the Euhnean alliance 
was a solid service to Athene, to which 
DemoBlheneB might well point with 
pride. Cf. Dem. xvin. 301, U itir 
SaAdTTTiI rity ECjEtaint rpaBa^isSai rpi 

rnt 'ATTi«9t. lUd. §S 230, 237, 340, 



I iO$ TwoXotTrov S enreti', ort XajScuc rpia raXavTa fii- 

j (rdov TT)v yvotji-qv Tavrtjv rypai^e ^ijfj.oaBemi';, TaXauTOK 

jiev e(c Xa\Kt5o5 trapa. KaXXiov, jaKavrov S' e^ 'Eper/aias 

Trapa KXttretyajfou toS rvpavvov, TaXaiTOf Se «f 'llpcoO, 

S 81' o5 Koi Karaijiavfi^ eyeVero, STuioKpaTovp.ei'Qjv rSiv 

ilptnufP Kal iravra irpaTTOPTOiv p.€Ta. \p7j'}}Ctrp.aTo<;. i^- 

aPTjkojfieuoL yap hi rw T7oXe/xw koL TT-ayreXtu? aTToptu? Sta- 

I Ket/[iei'ot TTep-TTOvcn irpo^ avrbv Vv(uaiSr)p.ov top Xaptyevov^ 

I vihv ToO SvuaiTT£v<ravT6^ irore iv 'Hpew, S£rj(T6iievov to 

[•-O nh/ ToKavTOv dt^eicat rij TrdXet, eTTa.yy€kQvp,evov S' au- 

|**4Tai ;^aXfCT5i' etxdca a-Ta6rj<Te<r9ai. iv 'ilpt^. o Se a,T7«/cpi- 

vaTo T^ rftotriST^/iw, 07i jToXXoO /Aec ;^pvtroO ^i^aXKoi) S' 

ouScj' Se'oiro ■ to Se raXcu^ov Sta tov KaXXt'ou ettreVpar- 

I rei'. ai'ayKa^Dpecoi Se ol 'Upcirai fcol owk eu7ropowT£5 

|§ 103 S. Here we hsre some- 
thing speciGa tnsteail of the general 
charges of briberj with which the 
oration is so thickly sown. It Beema 
strange that Aeaclunes should have 
bit upon so improbable an invention 
SB that DemoBtbenea took a present 
in the form of a mortgage (§ 104. 6). 
The whole matter is explained by in- 
icriptions. CIA. 11.804 B", 1 ff.; 809^ 
12 tr. There it is seen that certain 
Athenians became surety for money 
idTanced to the Chalcidiana la enable 
them to fumiah the contingent of 
triremes required of them by the 
terms of the alliance. Demostheni^a 
is named na one of these sureties oho 
had 1^ advance money. Dnubtleea 
lie became surety in the same way 
fnr the Orcitea, and in covering him- 
self look the morlgagc which Aesebi- 
Des uses as a handle against him. 
See Schafer, II. pp. 469 f. 

5. 6i}^Kp<iiri>H|i(VBii ktK. : Aesebi- 
nee shrewdly sttributea it to the nuto- 

crstic and underhanded management 
of the grants that Demosthenes' 
Tillany was not delected in Cbalcis 
and Eretria as well as in Oreus. 
Tlic tatter had been freed from its 
tyrant Philistidea in the foregoing 
year, 341 b.c. C/. Dem. iviii. 79, 
Tin in' 'npiif ffoSav. Charax, Frag. 31, 
'Aftji-aroi S^ XoAi.SiCffi Tori iy EIBbW 
!vams ell 'apfir 



i^fiBfpairar. (Quoted by 
Stephanos Byz. i.u. 'apfi!.) 

6. ^£avi]\u|i/vai : speni, Cf. Dera. 
sill. 27, ^(ai^MuiTai Bi oT re (Jioi iriit- 

11. xo^i"i* ■It^va : this statue 
was prob. to be erected to Demosthenes 
not BO much for his peuiiniary support 
in 341 as for his service as liberator 
in the preceding year. 

§104. 2 STiiroWeiKT\.: leeApp. 

3. tl/rJirpamv : allempled action. 

4. awaYKiiJoV«voi. ; i.e. by CalliaB' 


6 inredea-ap aurw tov ToKaprov ra; Si^^ocria? wpotroBovi- 

Kal TOKOV 7}V€yKau Spa^^i/ tov firjvoi; t'^s fiva.<;, cws to 

105 KE^aXaioi/ aTreSocrav. Koi javT i-rrpd^^dT} ^era i/nj^t'tr/na. 

Tos TOV Si^/xou. oTt Se diX.'ij^^ Xtyat, \a0d fioi to iff^ijua-jia 

Twu 'flpeiTwv. 


5 ToOr' e<7Ti to ijnjif)i.iTfJ,a, at avhpf; ' AOt^voloi., al(r)(vtrrf 

fj.kv T^s TToXeiw?, eXeyjfo? Se ou fXiKph'; rutv AijiiocrSeiiovi 
TToXtTeu/jaTwc, (j>av€pa Be KaT-qyopCa. Ktt^o-i^wi'tos • toi* 
■yap owT(D5 ala^pS)^ OotpodoKovuTo. ovk eiTTLi/ 
yovivai. a.ya.66v, o TeT6\p.T)K^v oStos ypdiftai. 
106 'EvraC^* t^Sjj Tera-XTai Kot 6 T/>iros TaJi" Katpaip, 

/iaXXot- S' o ndvTtov TiLKpoTo.To'i -)(^p6vo<i, eV w Atj^oirSe- 
vrj% aTTcuXecre to-s twi' 'EXXT^fdjf Kai rijs TroXe&i! irpd^et^ 
diT£^»)cra5 /iev tt? to le/joi" to eV AeXi^ois, aSiKoc 5e Kal 

5 oiSa^ws lOTjc T^y Trpos Ov^jSaiov; avpp.a)(tav ypd^a<;. 
dp^opat Se aTTO Twi' cJs tfeoiis TiX-qppeX'qpdTOiv Xeyeiv. 

■ r^- 

5. virfB«rav: maHgaged. 

6. EpaxH'^v '''DV pivcit ri]! |mw: 
twelve per cent, the usual rut? of in- 
terest at that time. See BSckh, F. E. 
Book I. c. n. 

§ 105. 5 ff. Epiplionemft closing 
the dieCQlsion of thia period, in which 
Demosthenee and Cteaiphon together 
are lield up to the jurors oa objeclB 
of acorn. 

6) Third Period If Dsmoslhenes' 
Political Career, 340-33B B.C. §§ I06- 

For Demosthenei' anawer, cf. Dem. 

§ 106, 1. 'BlToM 'n&I] TlTaKTOt 

ktK. : Iho epeakcr has come at last to 
the good thing held in reierve. See 
on inrc<^S<»v, g 84.4. 

2. |jl£XXov Si: lor tiila method of 
introducing a correction with rhetori- 
cal effect, cf. Dem. xrii:. 30, iniepmr 

Without aii7 such effect is § 1 13. 3. 
"This is no mere third period of De- 
mosthenea' political life. It is the 
biltereat period of Athenian his- 

3. ■n-p.Ji.w; see on § at. 5. 

4. do^Prjo-as yiv ktX, : the two great 
crimes of DemoBlhenea are intro- 
duced by iiltt and ti with two par- 
ties . chia^ticaily arranged. The 
omiasiDD of an; mention of the 
alliance with Byzantium and Ferin- 
thus which led to open war with 
Philip ii striking, Cf. g 256. The 
two great crimes are thus linglad out 
for emphaaia. 



St. p. 68. 

lOZI ''EoTt yap, 5 avSpes ^A07)vaLOL, to Kippcuov ireSCov 
KOL kifiriv 6 vvv i^dyLOTOs koI iirdpaTO^ cavofiaafiQ/os- 
ravrriv irork ttjv -^(opav Kar(iicq(Tav KLppaioi koX Kpava- 
X&aiy yiuri irapayofiojTaTaj ot cts to iepov to iu AeXc^oi? 
^ Kal irepi ravaOrJiiara "qcrefioWf e^iidpTcu/ov Se /cat cts 
T0V9 *Aii^iKTv6va^. dyavaKTrjcravTe^ 8* €7rt rots yiyvo- 
HepoL^ fidKiOTa fih/ cos Xeyerat ot irpoyovoi ot vfJierepoL^ 
CTTCtTa icat ot aXXot * KyL<^iKTv6ve^ fiavreCav ifxavTevcrai/To 
vapa T^ ^C6>, TU/L XPV TLficopCa rovs dvOpcjirovs rov- 

lOfirovs fierekOetv, /cat avrots dvaipei 17 TivOia iroXefjLeu/ 

§§ 107 ff. contain a most brilliant 
effort in narratiye, which was Aeschi- 
nes' strongest point. See Introd. § 29. 
The passage challenges comparison 
with Dem. xviii. 169 ff. For the 
facts, see Grote, XI. c. 90, pp. 274 ff. 
Scbafer, II. pp. 498 ff. 

§ 107» 1. Y^* ^^^ ^ similar use of 
ydp to introduce a narrative, cf. Hdt. 
iii. 31, ^yilfi'^ Sc avr^u &^e * ovda/xas 
yi^ i^Beffav ictA. — to Kippatov ircSCov : 
about four miles south of Crissa, 
formerly the principal settlement of 
the region, at the mouth of the Pleis- 
tus, lay the harbor Cirrha, which gave 
its name to the surrounding plain. 
See Bursian, Geographie von Griechen- 
land, I. pp. 180 ff. Strabo (ix. 3. 3) 
calls the same plain Kptaatov irehiov. 
Similarity of the two names made 
confusion easy; furthermore it was 
really the same plain which belonged 
to both cities. Strabo, /.c, gives the 
distance from Cirrha to Delphi as 
eighty stades, &^* ^s iudfiaais els A^A- 
4fOvs ^SoiiKovrd vov ffraSlofu. The 
actual distance by the usual road is 
not over seven miles. See Baedeker, 
Oriechenland, p. 133. This exaggera- 
tion alone would hardly, prove that 

Strabo had never visited Delphi. See 
on § 123. 6. 

2. d vvv cla'yurTos Kal cirTJparos: 
this name had now supplanted the 
regular name, Cirrha. i^dyiaros 
means consecrated to a god; so of 
places often equiv. to &$aTov. Of. 
Soph. 0.(7. 167, 676 with 1526. With 
consecratio an imprecation against 
transgressors was often coupled; so 
here ix-fiparos is added. Cf. Isocr. iv. 
156, Tohs "lavas &^iov ^TOivelv, S ri rS>v 
ifivpriardeuTtov Upav irnipdcavTO, cf tiu€s 
Kiirfiaeiav ff rd^iv cis T&pxcua KaTaarrij- 
(rai fiovKriOeTev. For the dp(£, c/! § 1 10. 
For the recurrence of this combina- 
tion, cf. §§ 113, 114, 119. 

3. KpavoXCSai: prob. an ancient 
Dryopian clan which officiated at 
Delphi as servants of Apollo. See 
Miiller, Dorians, I. pp. 47, 276. Schci- 
mann, I. p. 135. 

5. 4{ii|>Tov : cf. Strabo, ix. 3. 4, 
TTiKpcos iT€\<i>vovv Tobs iicl rh Uphv &<fk- 
LKVOVjiivovs KOiX vaph ret TrpotTTdy/xara 

TUP * AfX(f>lKTv6pCi>V. 

10. |tcTcXOcCv: an archaic expres- 
sion (cf. Eng. 'visit upon') taken 
from the days of the * aveoger of 
blood/ See Rehdantz on Lycurg. 116. 


KippaioK Kal KpavaKC&cu,^ ircivT rjiioja teat Tratray vvKTa^;, 
KoX TT)v ^topap airav kol ttju voKtv iKirop&Tja-avTa^ » 
avTovi a.vopaTToottjafievov'i afadeu/aL tw AttoXXiui'i, tw 8 
5 riu^iai Kal 'AprejUtSt Kal At^toT koI ^Ad-qva. XlpayaUj. i-m. 
-rrairrj a^pyia, Kal Tavrrjp Ti)v •^dspa.v p.j)T awrous ipya- 
^ea-Oai, p.-qr dWov eac. Xa^dt^es Se to;- xptjirpoi/ rovToif 
01 'Afi<j)iKTv6ve^ i\jrr](jiC(r(WTo SoAwfOS etTTOWOS ' Ka-qvaiov 
T^v yv<ap.r)v iTnarpaTeuf.iv i-iri tous ejiayeis Kara rrjv 
109 {lavTeCav tov 9eov' koX tTvva9poi<TavTi<i hvvap.iv 'TioiOi.'ifv 

Appropriate to the solemnity of trag- 
edj, vhcre with ^m^vai it is frequent. 
Cf. Time. ir. 6z. 3, ^irtirrts roh aJ.- 
KoSn-a!. Antiplio, I. 10, lifripx")"" 

5 108. 3. ircivT' T(|iaTa: trace of 
the poelic form in vrhitli tlic oracle 
was cielJTerei]. See Itawlinson on 
Hdt. iv. 163, 

3. iitiroplhi<TavTn.i : the execution 
of tliis commnnd forms tlie tontents 
of § 109. 

6. Kal 'ApTi'iuSi Kot ATjTot: Ar- 
temis and Leto were constantly asso- 
ciated in woraliip with Apollo. Of. 
Theog. 1-14. Hor. Od. i. 21. So 
also at Delphi. See Prellyr. Gv/t.'A. 
Af^th. I. p. 238. AtnoQB the temples 
mentioned by Paueaniaa (x. S, S) 
without giving names, may hare been 
one to each of thell« divinities. — 
'ABi|V9 UpovaCf.: cf. Hdt. i. 93, viii. 
37-39. To those approacliing Delphi 
by the Sacred Way, the temple of 
Athene lay before that of Apollo. 
Cf. Paul. Lc, Hence this epithet of 
the goddess, of Delphic origin. See 
Preller, Griech. Mi/lh. I. p. 161. Con- 
sequent upon a more ethical appre- 
hension of the goddess, came the 
change into npiyaia. See Bursian, 
Ofogr. Griich. I. p. 171. See App, 

For the absence of the art. compared 
with T^ 'Airif,>.uri tij? TlMrf, Bee the 
collection of examples made 'ly Reh- 
dantK on Lyturg. tsj. — iv\ inurii dip- 
yl^: aim or purpose. H. 799,2 c. 
The means of making this district to 
be forever urasle are slated in the fol- 
lowing clause. 

8. ZoXovMttinivTM; an the matim 
of Solon. For Solon's power in swar 
ing an aeaembly, cf. Flut. Sol. 8. 
Diog. Laert. i. x, 1 (case of Sala- 
mia). For the present ease, c/. Pint. 
Sol. 1 1, aSv /tif olf Kal ivi TD^nu* (r- 
Eo(ii! iy i liKut ixal ^iyas. iean/iiirSii 
Si kbI J.fSo^ftj ^ajiXop in Tori"EAMiff«, 
tiriiy Orip Tat) Upov Tou tv A*X^o7f, iia 
xpij Soi|fler» Kal (iJ) vtpiopiy Kippalout 
fioy^ ±\A«E wpaffa' 


7ip 6ir' iicfiyau, irpin rhy r6\tit 

CTBV Dl *Pkfi^WTv6ytif &S ^Xof Tt fUtfVif- 

poim col 'AriiiTTDT/\)|i ty rji t£v Tlii8iit- 
vu(£v Ityaypa,^, ^iKayi T^r yri/aiy 
ItyTiBft!. The orator intends to sng- 
gest the question whether Athens 
could afford to break with her tradi- 
tinnal policy towards Delphi, sanc- 
tioned by the name of Solon. Of. the 
appeal to Solon at the opening and 
1 of the oration, ^§ 2, 

S 109. 1. 



I Tw \ifi.iva f)(QKra.f Kal Trjv trokiv KaT£<TKaypav Kal ttjv 

J \(^pav KaOUptuaa-v kclto. rr/v fiavTeiav ■ koX inl Tourois 

S opKou ufiouai' iaxvpov fitjr avrol Tf)v Upav yrjv ipya- 

<T£tT0at p.i]T dWea iTnTpit^tai, aWa, fioT}6y)(reiv rw 0€^ 

j Koi Trj yfi TJ} Upa Kal x^'-p'' "^"-^ ^"^^ *"*' ^wiip teat Trao-^ 

4 XOSuca/tei. KoX oiiK a.TT4\p7)(r€v auroi; tovtov tov opKOV 

o/Lto(rat, aAAa Kal irpoaTpotniv koI dpav l(T)(vpaf vwep 

rovTiou CTrotTjo-aJ'To. yeypaTTTai yap ovrat^ eV 73 apa, "ct 

xt5 TttSe," tf)i]a-t, " vixpa^alvoi, -rj TToXt? ■^ iSttinj! ^ iOuos, 

S evay^s," tfyqaCp, " ccttw toO 'AttoXXiwcos fat ttJs 'A/>Te/AiSo5 

■*»1 Kat T^s AijToCs fcat 'A^Tjea? Dpovatas." tai c'7reiJ;^e7ai 

ntX. : description of the Firet Sacred 
"War, 695 b.c. Alcmneon was gea- 
«ral of the Athenian contingent. C'f. 
Plat. Sid. I.e., (11 Tt tdTc tuv &fKifwv 



Grote, UI. t. 28, pp. 476 S. 

6. -np fliif kal t^ YD- pPthaps u 
reminiBcenee of Soph. 0. T. 137 (ar 
253), y^ T^fli T£/u]pout^a T^ df^ C £^ia. 

7. Kal x"pl "fX.! for the same for- 
mnla, ^. § 120; 11. 115. Cf. Lycurg. 
ia7r Siofiaftiirtirf £" ^c ti^ li/TiipliT/jaTi 

>j(tH. Hal ^P7»i ical x"pl tal iM*»'> An- 



§ 110. 2. irpooTpomfv : the me 
■rom the ci 

binntion nith ipdy 

J log, 6. Antipho, ■ 

fudroffeoi SpKor rit ftiyiaToy Kai iax"' 

piraTov. There was something of tlie 

binding poner of magic in the Greek 

3. ■•(i'jfo.tmx: it is wrillen: with 
reference to a well known or venera- 
ble law. Cf.Ev.Slali/i.iv.iS. Dem, 
IX. 44. ^ tt TLS ToSl irapopolvOi : this 

form ratlier than iiv TapaBalyji is old- 
fashioned Greek. For a similar ef- 
fect, cf. Soph. 0. T. 219 f., ofosiiriv 
fi fuvt'cmoi ^f Toli i/LHit yivtiT' i/ioO 

4. <tn|irl : the repetition of this verb 
Lmprcsaes upon the hearer that the 
speaker is giving a faithful verbatim 
quot. from the documeut. Cf, Dew. 

6. (va'yijt: equiv. to Tjj ip tmx'i 
C§ 122. U); opp. to f4«B^,. Cf. 
§ 129. 8, 0. Thuc. i. 126. 11, Nfll iirb 
rouTou (j*.e. the affair of Cjlon) ita- 
yeis iral iAiT^pioi t^i fltoS. Impres- 
(ivenoas is gained by the repetition of 
this word. Qf. §§ 108, 117, 121. 132. 
Bimilnrly ^(ii7(irT0i wai itripaTos it re- 
peated. See on § 107. 2. The gens. 
'AiriKKayBi ktK. follow the analogy of 
the gen. with Upit. G. 181; fL 754 o. 

S 111. 1. *«iSx««": '<:■ ip-i- For 
a. similar imprecation, cf. Hdt. iii. 6j. 
Soph. O. T. 260 S., Kal murii tbT, ^i, 
SpHaii' tB^oHi" fleeut ^^i" iipoiDii airois 
y^! iui^mi Tiiii .u^t' oj/ii ^ovamoji' raiSoi. 
C^ Liban. Ep. 242, .Kx"/"" to?! BcbTi 
Tttffi Kal TTiiffali 7^* t' aiiTD?! KiftQr in 


yopcvtriv iotKora aX\a reyaora, jjLTjBe 0o(rK7JfiaTa Kara 
^v(nv yoms noiilcTdai, ^rrau Se fhai ttoXc'/xo" 'f'*' Sikwi' 
6 Kai ayopa.'i, xal e^wXets flfat /cat auToi's Kat oiKi'a? koX 
yevos tKtiiKov. "koX /ii^Trort," ^i^crt'i', "otri'tus ^ucretaf t^ 
'ArroWtoi't /xijSe rp 'AprqiiSi ^T^Se rp AtjtoZ ^tjS' 'Adrjvq, 

' 113 IT/SOf aiip, /Lii^Se Se'faitTO airrois ra iepd." OTt 8' a\ij^ 

^^_ \ey<o, avdyvwfft tjjv rot) deoO fiavreCav. 

^^^k MAI^EIA. 

^^^^ fOu TTplv Trjahe ttoXtjos ip€i\lteTe wvpyov eXovres, 

^^^H c TrpiV ye 6€ov rtp-ivti Kvauumiho^ ^ Ap.ffnTpCnj's 

^^^1 Kvfjba TTOTiKXvC'd KeXahovy lepala-ii' in aKTais.J 

^^^1 o.KOi'a'aT'e T)]; d/ia;. 

Ipar. LiliauiuB prob. had in mind 
tbia passage, which in turn may have 
been BuggcBted by Soph. I.e. The 
BUggealion of Hes. Op. 235, rlKriniBir 

throiigb tliem aU. For a caae of 
divine vengeance lilte that here hi- 
yoked, rf. ITdt. vi. 139. 

5. afopas: epiu for iira^iisias, A 
curse is to rest on nil their public 
delibemtionn. See on § 133. 4. Tbe 
three items selected cover the whole 
range of public life. Contrast nith 
this the minute specillcatlons of Ibe 
curse in Detaeroa. xxriii. 16 S. The 
gen. follows tbe annlogy of the gen. 
after the verb fiTTittaa. Cf. Plato 
Lfgg. 902 a JJttm ^tovm uni Xmriii. 
SeeKr. 5pr. 47,25, l. — ^JAf«!Dem. 
joins this strong word nith upa&Kiis 
in ivm. 324; XIX. 172. Cf. CIG. 
ni. p. 1130, h' Tii iSiK^ip t4 ^Kfl^a 

, i\i>..ei 

-W^Xfa «1jT ioTffk 

similar imprecstioDs upon family and 
posterity, ef. n. 87. Antipho, t. 11, 

crp 4f,ipiiL,,os. [Dem.] Ln. lo, iji^ 
AeiOf airip Kal y^ffi koI oJuif irafo- 
(nifievDj. Dem. liy. 41, tl i" iritpiii, 
^(iiX7(y iiroXoljUii* o4ti<j ts hbI rf tI ^i 
fori * j»AAh iaiaSni. Lja, ill. la 
Ar. A'an. 587 f. 

8. avrois: Gt'Eai ^di was the regular 
formula to fltcompany an offering or 
a YDW. Cf. Eur. Bee. 63fi, Jf'fa. ^"^ 

^d. TifoBf KijXjjTijplow. <5^ also Eom. 

//. ii, 186, S/{aT(( al aKijrrpoy. Od. »v. 

§'H2. 4tf. The oracle here given 
ia not genuine, bat waa inserted from 
PaUB. K. 37. 6. The original oracle 
muat, to judge from the connection, 
have enjoined punishment upon the 
oCfenders, not promised a victory to 
tile avengers. The sense of this ora- 
cle seems to be, " annei the land down 
to the sea to my temple domains, 
and I will help you take the ti 

rirrwn, — KaV oIkIoi koI i^nn\ lor address. 

i the chanze of 




Bt. p. 69. 


*Avaiivqa'07iTe t&p opKcop ovs vficiv ol irpoyovoi /Ltera 
iO rm *AiJL^LKTv6poiiP crvvtofioaav. 


13 Tavrri^ rrj^ apag icat t&v opKcjv [/cat rfj^ fiavreCa^ 

^a^/iitnrj^^ apayeypafifievcov ert koI iw, ol AoKpol ol 

A/iK^tcrcreig fiaXkov Se ol irpoecTTriKorei avrcov, duSpes 

irapavofioyraTOiy iireipyd^opro to ireBCop /cat top Xifiepa 

^ TOP i^dyiOTOP Kal iirdparop ndXip irei^icrap /cat avp(^- 
KLccLp Kal tcXtj Toifs KaTanXeoPTas i^eXeyop /cat tcop 
a^iKPoviiGfO}p cts AeX.(^ovs irvXayopcjp ipiovs XPTj/Ltacrt 

^^ZU^OeipoPy &p cts ^p Ar)fjioa0€P7)^. \eipoTOpy)6e\q yap 
wj}* vfi&p irvXdyopo^ Xayifidpei 8to';^tXtas Spaxfids irapd 

f 118« 2. dvaYrypaiiiUvttV : in Del- 
phi and in the oUier cities of the 
Amphictjonic League. — ol AoKpol ol 
'A|fc^iav<Cs : cf . Fans. z. 38. 1 ff., ^ 5e 
7^ 1^ AoKp&v r&y Ka\ovfi€vuy *0(o\cov 
vffOffexh' if ^oMclHi iirrl xarii r^v Kip- 
pay. AcX^dy d* h-woripw ara^lois tXKoai 
T6 KcU iKar6r itrriv "Afupurffa ixeyiffrri 
jcol dpofuuTTordrri ir6\is rSav AoKpav. 

3. luSXXov 8^: see on § 106. 2.— ol 
«pocvTi|M({rts : the fact that a respcc- 
tahle party in Amphissa (rohs St* evo-c- 
Betav 4>€^oyTas, § 129. 6) now opposed 
this occupation is hardlj consonant 
with Grote's yiew that it was an affair 
of long standing. This emphasizing 
of the guilt of the leaders may be 
t side thrust at Demosthenes. Cf. 
f 129 Jin. 

4. vapavo|i«raToi : cf, § 107. 4. 
These persons are held up as equally 
guilty with the old offenders. 

6. WXi| iffknyov: cf. § 119. 6. 
Strabo, ix. 3. 4, x^^P^^f ^vav irepl rovs 
l^rovf rwv iriKai Kpiaralcay. Aeschi- 
nes' charge was no mere fabrication. 

As to the harbor arrangements of 
Delphi between the First Sacred War 
and the occupation by the Amphis- 
sians we have no information. 

7. ivCovs xpr^cua-i 8u<^0cipav: this 
charge implies that the occupation 
was recent; otherwise the risk of 
punishment would not have been 
sufficient to require bribery. 

8. Aii|i,oo-O^VT|s : prob. in the spring 
of 343 B.C. Demosthenes was chosen 
irj\dyopos as a colleague of Hyperides 
(cf Dem. XVIII. 134). The important 
question of the right of Athens to the 
control of the temple of Apollo in 
Delos had been referred to that assem- 
bly of the Amphictyons. See Scha- 
fer, II. p. 350. When such an impor- 
tant case for Athens was pending, 
Athenian delegates would be likely 
to wink at an abuse, the mention of 
which would provoke discussion. This 
would furnish Aeschines a sufficient 
pretext for the usual charge of brib- 

§ 114f 2. irvXayopos: see on § 115. 

124 A15XIN0Y RATA KTH5I*nNT0S 114. 115. 

rSiv ' Afi^jii.a-credn' row /iT/Se/itai' fipela.i' Trepl avTwf iv toIs 

^ A(i<ftLKTv6(ri iToietcr^at. Siw/ioXoyi^^Tj S' airr^ Kal «ts 

6 TOJ/ \otTTou xpopou aTTOfTTaXija-ea'Saii. 'Adijfa^e rov iviav- 

)(pf)f/.dTOJv, i^' (uTf. f3oT)8TJcrei.i/ rots 'AixtftLcra-evtrii/ 'AB-qirqm 
Kara Trdfra rpoTTOv o6ef en jj-oWov 17 npar^pQV (rup,^i- 
^tjKev airrtu, otov av vpoiTa.}py)Tai. rj tSt&J70i/ ^ BvvdoTov 
10 ^ jToXecos h'qpoKpa.TOVjjJjn)';, jovTOiV indo'Tovs avtdroi'i 
116(rVjLi(^o/3ars 7re/3t^aA.Xetv. (TK^jjiairBe 8^ rot' SaCfiova kol 
Ttjv Tw^ijc ws iT€pi.£y€i/€TO TTj's Twu ' Ap.^i(T(T^o>v aat^eCai. 


3. — BiirxfcXtas EpoXH** "''*■ = another 
lie «ith circuinaUncc. Cy: § 103 in. 

3. Tov . . ■ iroubrSiu: inf. of puT' 
pose, uaeii for the most pari only with 
a iieg. GMT. 05, 1 ; H. 060. C/. Dem. 
XVIIT. 107, >iwpik ivaAuaBi tdS ^ft rh 
ilxaia ron'iy. Lycurg. 142, iwip &t 
Tou ^^ «aTa\i/d^pai x^^^°^ ^^v hrrr^puii 
ToKlraiy tv Xaipuvtiif tTtt-tiriiaav. Sec 
MorriR on Thuc. i. 4. The equiv. Lnt, 
const. IB the gen. of the gerundiTe in 
Tac. JtiB.ii. 59, Germanicus Ae- 
gjptnni proficiscitur cogno- 
Bi:endae antiquitatie. Tlie pur- 
pose here is to be referred to the 
minds of the givers. Tlie relation is 
not very diSereot from that expressed 
in line 7 by t^' ^rt 3mjS*ff"i>- See 
GMT. 99; H. 999 a. As ths price of, 
etc., would here be a fair eijuiv. fur 
each. The suggestion that Demos- 
thenes became the proxenus of Am- 
phissa with a fee too large for a con- 
plain Aeschines' minute charges. 

6. JS(V: i.e. from his venality. — 
ImWdv ^ irpoTtpov! his innate bad 
fortune was bound to bring a c:urse 
any way. Cf. Demoslheocs' noble in- 
troduction of the subject of rixi, 
352 B; in reply to this and 

§g 157, 158. The eameslneii with 
which Demosthenes takei up this 
point sliowg that Aeschines touched. 
a chord in the popular feeling with 
his thrust. See Schmidt, ElM der 
Griecien, I. p. 75. 

9. ISufTOu iq SwoiTTOv ktX. : climax. 

0/:§ 158-1- 

10. CLVUHOLS TV^L^paig mpi^AXM* ; 

cj: g 226. 1. 

§ 116< 1. TOV Sa[|u>va Kal Ti)V -ni- 
XV- c/. 157- 10. Dem. sviii. 303, 
fl Salnoi'6s TifDi fl Tilxfli tvxii. XLVm. 
24, (al KiiTi Titxnv Tiri ho) taiiitm. 
In this formula personification ia re- 
duced to a minimum, and no sharp 
distiuctiun ia made between Sal/iuu 
and Tiixi- So we have tiIx? iaf/iBwf, 
Find. 0. viii. 07. tiIx? fleoO.Pind. Jf. 
Vi. 26. Cj: Tennyson, ' Whereupon 1 
chanced divinely.' For a discussion 
of the Greek Idea of rixn, Bee 
Welcker, Grleehische GslterleJire, II. 
pp. 799 ft, Goethe (_Urwcrte, Or- 
]/hiscli) translates t6xv 1>7 ' Daa Zxt- 
ffillige.' Cf. Time. i. 140. 1/n. 

2. wEpu-yifvf TO : BUggests a battle. 
The aniB'ta of the Amphissians, diso- 
bedience to divine command, is a sort 
of challenge to the divine hotinesi 
and power. 

AESCHINES ON TH£ CROWN ii}, n6. 125 

St. p. BS. 

itrl yap ^€otftpa,<rrov ap)(ovTos iepop.vrjfj.ovo<i ovtos ito- 

s re iKeZvov rov Avayvpda-ioi', bv e^ouX-o/tijc at- ttoWZv 
ipeKa (,ijp, Koi @pa(TVKkea toi' e'f Otou fcai rpCrov S'^ 
ftera Tovrotf e/xe'. (rvvi^'q S' ^/xic dpTto)^ ficu ets AeX- 
^ou9 a^l^dai, napa^rjp.a Be top lepop.prip.ova. irvperTetv • 
TO 8' auTO TouTO (rvt'€n'€iTToJKet KoX tS MeiSi^. ot S' 
6a\Xot a-vpeKiiO'qPTo 'Ap^iKTvove^. i^yyeXTo S' -ffpip 70 
wapa tSip ^ovkopepiov evpoiap iphelKvvuOai rp iroKei, otl 
01 Ap,<jiia'<re'is viroTreirroiKoTei; ToTe Kai oeipois Oepavev- 
ojTcs Toys &7)0clCovs etaefjtepov Boyfia Kara rijs vp.eTepa<t 

3. GM>4(xw-nii> £pxovTot: i.e.340-33S 
B,(;. The aaBembl? ijescribed is tliaC 
a( the spring of 330 h.c. The discus- 
sion it> Grole (XI. c. 00, p. 285, note) is 
now rendered superfluoua bj the ac- 
knnnledged spuriouaness of tlie docu- 
ments inserted in Deni. xviii. — Upo^ 
r-v^^vot: Bee App. 

4. * Avo^tXiKrrlou: for the Attic deme 
liere referred to, see Bursian, Gtogr. 
Griedi. I. p. 357. Leake, Alhent and 
Demtt of Allii-a. II. pp. 25, 61, 50. — 
HnSlav: aee on tA irtpl Meiilar, | $2. T. 

5. JKtIvov: marks Midiaa aa well 
knovn. Cf. Dem, xtiii. 219, Ka\Ai- 
rrrm-ai /Ktivoi. Ar. .Viil>. 534, 'HA^v- 
TfBv KIT- iKtlwf. See Kuhn. 407, 13. 
— 'Avayvpturtov : aee Barak n, Genyr. 
Gricth. I. p. 358. Lenke, Athvis ami 
Dtma of Attica, II. p. 5a. — jpoiiXo- 
|Li|v£v: aee on § z. 1. The different 
meaning conveyed by ^BovA^/iiju wilb- 
out iy, inoiated upon by all gramma- 
lians (aee, in addition to those cited 
on § 2. 1, Kiihn. 302 b, 4), hHrdly ap- 
pears from a compariaon of the two 

7. lu'v : eo-ord. for the more uauat 
inbord. arrangement. 

8. irvpf-rrtiv : cf. Ev. Marc, l 30, ti Si 

§ Hit. 2. TW PiniXiiiu'vav KT\.: it 
is scarcely necessary to aeek for Mace- 
donian ayinpalhizera under this deaig- 
nation. It was an act of simple good 
will to Atbena, the far-reauhing con- 
sequeocea of wliich tlie informsDts 
did not aee. See Inlrod. $ 22. 

3. 01 'A|i4>urir<tt ; not merely the 
Hieromnemons and Pyl agorae, but the 
whole city represented here by tliem. 
— 0<pair(v'aPTCs : timch stronger word 
than fticoTtirriuirdTK, denoting the ut- 
most degree of subserviency. CfDem. 
IXIIJ. S, inripx'i'ea' irai Sfpanitif. 

4. flW^pov: represent* the prea. 
of dir. disc. GMT. 70, 2,s.2; H. 936. 
The direct form of the report which 
had been brought (i(iyT<*To) to the 
Athenians was tunfipauai liypa, Ikty 
propose la bring in a hill. Dem. XTiii. 
160, niStfi/ni' SiKTir Tur AoKpSr iicayir- 
TBiy ipjy KT^., asserts that tbe Locrians 
had no such intention, because a pre- 
vious summons would have been nec- 
essary before auch a matter could 
have been brought forward in Ihii 
formal way (5f«i>' rtKitrMiu). 



B JToXetos, ireimjKoyTa raXdirroi^ ^T)fj.i.w(rai tov Biffiov TOf 
'A^Tjvatoii', oTt ^^pucras acTTriSas ave6y)Kev wpos toc kki- 
coc vewi' TTpiy i^apdcTaa'0ai. *coi itriypa.^a' to Trpoa-iJKov 
imypanfia " 'AOr/vai-oi. diro MtJScov Kal &ri^aCwv ore 
javavrla. rots 'EWtjctii' ip.a.\ovTO." /i€Ta7r€^(/»ajuevos S' 
10 €/ic o IcpofU'^iJ.oiP rj^LOV ettreX^eti' ets to aweBptov Koi 
eivw Ti 77-pos TDUS ' Ajj.tfu.KTvova'; virep t^s TroXeto?, «al 
inauToc ourw Trporjp'qy.ivov. ap^^o/tevou Se ^ou Xeyeii* ical 
■rrpoBvpoTtpQv Tra^ eto-eA.ijXu^dros ets rb oin/e'Spiof, nSi* 
aXXwf TTuXaydptoc p.t0€a-T7]KQTti}v,^ai)iTa.<i Tis Tuc 'A/i- 

6. ifpo* ; the shields were prob. 
hung SB a votive offering on the outer 
wall of the irpdraoi. Cf. Soph. .dj. 108, 
Seflfii irpii Kin*' ipxtioa sTeyi]s (eqaiv. 
to irmilori SVos, ^0). 

7. irplv ^£apa(rar6ai : See App. — 
TO irpmriiitov ; wliatyvec may be said 
of the fltness of the flrat ioseriplion, 
the conspiuuous renewal of it Ht tliia 
time waa deplorable. It must be 
remembered, however, chat the long- 
standing hatred between Atbens and 
Thebea was still lively, though, thanks 
to the diplomacy of Demoetheoes, 
the nesl year aaw them standing tci- 
getber at Chaeronea. Aeschines 
Bpeake from the narrowest Athenian 
point of view. Charles Sumner's 
resolution to expunge from the regi- 
mental Saga the names of Federal 
Tictories and the opposition cry, tliat 
'treaion should be made odious,' is 
oar parallel U> the situation, except 
that in Greece the dan);er that called 
for hearty union against the foreign 
enemy was. already present. 

9. (UT(Mn)ii|iafLO'ot G' i\Lt : there is 
some mystery in Aeschines having 
■tayed away from a meeting wliere 
the other Pylagorae were present. 
Of. § IIS- 10. 5 117, 2. Thrasycles 

also appears to have been absent, as 
the news of the motion came from 
Weil- wishers of Athena, Qf. line 
1 a. It ia hardly likely that the en- 
forced absence of the Hieromnemon 
would be an occasion for the Pyla- 
gorae asaocialed with him also ab- 
aenting themselves. Besides, it ap- 
pears from line 12 that Aeachinea, on 
the receipt of the news, had already 
decided to go in and speak without an 
invitation from the Hieromnemon. 

§ 117. 1. ift\oiUvn . . ■ Kill • . . 
(((r(XT|Xu6i>Tot : careless co-ordination, 
giving the second partic. the appear- 
ance of an afterthought. 

3. dUvv: contrasted with /toi, — 
|uS(aTi)KDTav : liaeing a-ithdrama. Cf. 
|§ 122, 125, 129, 165. The Hieromne- 
mons, after the discussion and the 
withdrawal of the Pylagorae, were 

nea prob. came later than he had 
intended, and after the general dis- 
uiissinn upon the offensive motion. 
Whether his pressing in among 
the Hieronmemona was an irregu- 
larily to which his eiceaaive zeal car- 
ried him, or whether he was acting 
with powers delegated by Diognetus, 
neither the narrative nor our kDOwl- 



gitcrfre'a>c, avOpcairoi; dacXyeVraTos Koi tog iiJ.0L ifj)alvtTo 

T-ti/os i^afiapTauEiu irpoa.yojj.tpov, " apx^^ ^^' 7^' ^^^' " ^ 
cifSpes 'EXXtjccs, et eVw^pofetre ou8' at- oivop.a.l^tTe rov- 
'. t^o/^a Tou BijfJLOv Tou * A.d7)vatfiyv eV raitrSe tow r/fiepaL^, 
i*S «XX' (US ecayets i^tipytT av «V toG teyaoO." a^a 5e 
j ^fL€^TO Ttj^ TUiv <^toKe(i)v (rvp.(j.a^ia<; ^p 6 Kpof^vkos 
I cycew'os eypa^lie, kol aXXa TroXXa Kat Svcrj^e/)^ /cara ttJs 

edge of t)ie relations between the two 
sets of doU'gutL'B eiitLLIcs ub to dettr- 
snine. — tIi to* ' Aju|iurir^ut' : prub. a, 
disparaging way of referring to the 
.dmphisaixn Hieromuenion. See on 

5. oiiiS«|uiis iraiE((a« |UT«rXT|i[<ag : 
liow AcBchineB plomed himself an liia 
vaiSela TORj be beat seen from i. I4I B. 
where he prefaces a pedantic quota- 
lion of a good deal of puctrj with tbt 
remark !>■' iiJ^t* 8ti nuI iifitls n ^tij 
■itKoiat^fii Koi iiiASatitv. For a collec- 
tion of simitar paiEages, see Blass, III. 
a, p. 156, note. A review of these 
passagOB enables one to appreciate 
the wilbering reply of Demosthenes, 
xTiii, 12S. — to-ut Gi tax Soiiuivlcu 
Tivos "tA.: Greek lilerntiire is full of 
the idea, ' whom the gods would 
destroy they first make mad.' Cf. 
Lycurg, 92, dI ylip itai ouSiv vpiTtpar 
imioDffiii fi lii' irntripaii- irBpiiiraii/ tJjj' 
IdiFDiav Trapiyouri. Soph. Ant. 020 ff., 
ffo^t^ yap In Tov Kktifii^ fffo; ir^ipav- 
rni, Ti Kaniv SoittTi' but" i<rBkbi- rah' 
llijier Srip ^fihat Otis &yn irpii Srai'. 
Horn. /;. ix, 377, ix yap iZ VP^yai .1- 
Ktm /lyiTlira Ztis. AbOTe all, the 
quotation from Euripides in l.jcurg. 
92, i-rar yijj ipyii Jtai/iiriei' B^ijrrp 
Tiri, ti/vt' airh irpurai', ^faipaiptlTai 
t-ptray Tbr miv rir ia9\6v. t'ls Bi rhv 
X'lp^ Tpirti 7ni»i?jt, Tv' <<Bp /iijiii' iif 

aftepriyti. For the word Bai/iinoy in 

the same conuettion, cf. Dem. ix. 54, 

oAA' eii ToiJTii if i;(fl« /toipfat fl lopa- 
rofai I) ouK ^x" '''' A^w (iro\A<iiiu yip 
^^al iitf\fi\u9i Kai tovto foBtJaSui ni 
Ti Joifiiiriiiv ri irpiy^TH ^haili'ii). The 
word is chosen to express some ufitcure 
divine impulse. Cf, Socrates' Saifii- 
nav in Plato Apal. The alternatives 
in Aeschinea' mind are " the Ampliis- 
siau was inX^firroToi because either 
be lacked vtudtia, the main object 
of which WBB lo impart auippoiritiv, 
or his weiifia was nverruled by Bta- 
aAiSt'a." See Schmidt, Eihik der 
Gritchifi, I. p. 234 ff. 

. ^pxnv; adv. ace. always with a 

neg, G. : 

), 2; H. Tlfla. 

8. TatrS* Tols i^pifwis : 

§ 118. 2. Tiji Tuv ^un'uv irv|i|ia- 
xIck: for this alliance between Ath- 
ens and the Phocians in the Sacred 
War, ef. Dem. six. 61, 63. ft filr rairuy 
^''^PX* ^^p' ^p^y ttiirdii ((.«. tbe Pho 


r" iirri, ipiXia < 


Scttt. — d Kpu^iiXot iK<ivM : Top-knol,a. 
current nick-name for Hegesippus, 
an orator who surpassed Demosthenes ' 
in. anti-Macedonian zeal, the prob. 
author of the oration on Halonnesus. 
Tlie name originated in his ostenta- 
tious atfoctation of old fashion in 
wearing his hair dune up in a knot 



TrdXetus Sie^ei, a cyii outc tot' iKapTepovv aKovcaif 
5 ovre i^j/ ijSc'w! avTum. aKovaas Sc ourtu trapco- 
^f$r)v, 0)5 ouSeTTCOTTor ck tw e/xaurow ^tw. kui tov5 
/i€i' dXXous XoyoKS vvepfii^a'Ofiai.- Ittqh S' o5v /loi /xtT/- 
<r$^vai T^9 T&tc 'A/i(^ttr<r€a«' wapavoia';, kol avToOev 
ianjKw^ iBeiKWov rots 'AjU^itcrudrrtv ■ vTroKeirat yap to 

on the top of liis head. See MorriB 
on Tbuc. i. 6. 3. Schot. on i. 64. 71, 
imofi^SitBTi iis aiffXP^i ^^^ '^^'^ ''^^ *^p' 
Tck ^bmeifri 4/£aprT}ifi£T. — £k<lvoi : rein- 
forces the ridicule in KpaBif^t. 8ee 
Da iKi7nr, § 1 15. 5, This alliance nith 
the FhocianH was oue of whiuli Atli- 
eas looD became asliamtd. Cf. Dem. 
XVIII. l3, BV 5(llaia rsiDfrras dfiSi^tl. 
The sight of the despoiled temple of 
Apollo would be a aad reminder of it 
at every Amphictyonie meeting. It 
would hardly answer for AeEt^hinea 
to repreacnt hioiseU aa taking Bides 
with the jeering Ampliissian in this 
matter; but it was very convenient 
to insinuate that it nits i/ml Crihi/las 
who had put Athens in a position 
where an Amphissisn could revile 

Athens missed a great opportunity 
by becoming an ally of Phocie rather 
than a mediator between the contend- 
ing parties. See Schafer, I. p, 4&2, 

4. olrTi iKOpWpouv dKOiiov; heard 
antk no patience. Cf. §§ 166. 4, 241.8. 
Aescbines did not interrupt the im- 
pudent speaker, aa is alinwn by Si(J(fti. 

this paraleipsis invites the hearers to 
share the speaker's indignation. — 
avTMV; for the transition from the 
rel. to the dem., c/: |2ii.3.— ofl™ 
wapu{vv6r|v ktA. ; it wouli! take more 
confidence in the word of Demoa- 
thenes than it really warrants to make 
us believe that this outburst of in- 

dignation so graphically and naively 
described was entirely 'fictitious, and 
that the circumstances here given in 
explanation of it were also fictitioos. 
Could any one go so far'in his con- 
viction that this was a ' put up job." 
for which Aeschines was paid by 
Philip, as to believe that the impu- 
dent Aniphiseian was also bribed by 
Philip to play a part in it! See 
liitrod. § 22. 

6. {jiavTov: for the entravagaol 
use of the reflex. pron.,c/§§ 176, 182, 
191, 209, 217, 223, 224. 

7. fXXovf U^ovi ; I'j!. prob. a brief 
defence of Athens, But anger natu- 
rally led to the use of sharper weap- 
ons. Aeschines was in a frame of 
miud for attack, and the situation in- 
vited it.^iirgcL: impf. ratber than 
HOT. because there lies before Aea- 
chinea' mind a. lively picture of the 
whole affair. " The imperfect hu 
onij to do with the vision of the nar- 
rator." Gilderaleeve in Am. Joar, of 
Phi!. W. -p. 160.— oiv: laying particu- 
lar stress on this member of the sent. 
11. 1048, 2. C/. Dem. xviii. 213; mi. 
13. iBucr. XIV. 4t 

, irofavolas : 

.7. 5. 1»». 
gi Kfl! Sai^ovlou nrA. This is the ef- 
fect of SeoSAiiScia, and includes iai- 
Siia like the Biblical ' folly.' — a*n{- 
ttr im\K<it: from the very tpol tdiere 
I stood. Cf Horn. /;. xii. 76 f., ruin 
St Kal ^initat^ &iia^ ity^pui/ 'Ayofid/t- 
viav abriitv i^ %ip^-i. From the heights 



il9K.ippalov TTtBiov t^ lepm Koi icmu evaHfoirrov. "opaT," 
^<f>r)V iy(a, "w di/Bpe^ ' Ap.tftiKTVove';, i^eipyacrfidvov tovtI 

fx-qp-iva koX awXta ■ opare T049 oi^^oX/jote 7ov t^iiyi.(nov 

s Kat. iiraparov Xtyjo'a TiTEt^uxp-ivov ■ tore tou7ovs avToi, 

I *cal ovSec eT€po)v Seia^e papTvptov, rikij TmrpaKoraq 

I «aL ^jjpaTa XajU.(Sacowas eV tow [E^ou Xt/xeVo?." a^a 

Se dcaytyviwcrKeti' iK^Xivov avrol^ Tr)v pairrttav tov Otov, 

Toi' opKQV tS)v TTpoyovoiv, Trjv apav Tr)v yevopdnjv, koi 

'-^O Stojpi.^o/xTji' on "e'y&i pev inrep tov Bijpov tov ' AdT]va\.tiiv 

IKai TOV (rapo.TO'i Kat tSiu tskvcov koI oLKta; tiJs 4pa.v- 
ToG ^<njdS> Kara tov opKov koX t^ 9e^ /cat t^ yjj t^ 
lep^ Kal X'^''P'' '^"■^ TToSl Kal i^iOiv^ koi ■jrao'iv ots Sijfa- 
B ^ai, Kai TT^v ttqKiv tt)*' ■tjperipa.v to. rrpos tous 6eovi 

above Delphi on irhich the Btndium 
was located the whole vallef of the 
Pleiatus, down to the gulf, is plninl; 
visible (ilai.rorroi'). See Mnhaffj, 
Rambles in Qreete. p. 230. 

S119. 4. avXLa: cA Steph. Bf zan. 
i.V. ai/\^: al iy toIt iypats QiK^ffra aSfua- 
— Tott dit>6(iXfu>t(: combined nith tlie 
repetition rtt the verb this makes an 
impassioned form, calculated to stir 
ignation. Cf. 11. 14S, fc (Lr. my 
mother) i/vv l/toi irpt tiSi' S^oV"' 


, ^.pl . 

diiTiipia!, where the 
apire pity. 

5. to-rt T8VT011S avTol . . . tAtj m- 
TpoKoTos; many of the delegates, e.j. 
the I'eloponnesians, having come by 
sea, had doubtless been aubjectei! to 
the toll. 

6. avaYi^viMrKtiv Ix^Xtuav nrX. : It 
would be rash to conclude from this 
that Aeaohinea had planned this ap- 
ical beforehand. Cf. Bern, iviii. 

149. This very important Delphie 
document would surely be close at 
hand, and a. call for the reading of it 
would be natural eren iu the heat of 
an extern porized attack, nor wonld 
the production and reading of it cause 
delay enough to impede the effect of 
the speaker's fervid utterance. — av- 
Tols : ind. obj. of &niryiyniiiHiiv- For a 
correction of L.and S.'a assertion that 
stf.tiu sometimes takes the dst., see 
Am. Jour, of Phil. VIII. p. 120. 

10. SLUfHt<i|it]v : need of a most 
positive and explicit declaration. Cf. 
Dem. xviii. 40, ijtoifrf urr aa^us flijXoi 

§ 120. 4. Kal )i(ipl irrh.: quot. 
from the oath. Cf. § 109. 7. — micriw 
ott SvvapAL : ii'ilh all mypotetrs. Ei^uiv. 
to jrirp Suvil^H, 5 109. 7. Quite dif- 
ferent would be ofs 6p Siy<^,iai. It is 
no contingent and general assistance 
that the speaker proffers, but assisl- 

the E 


at. p. 
a^a(TL<o • vfiei^ 8' virkp v^SiV avroii' ^Stj ^ovXevea-de. 
iinjpKTai fi-en to, Kava, irapetjT-rjKe Se to, Biifiara, peXXere 

I I2IS' aiTelf Tov? 0eov^ rayaBa Kal Kotc^ Kat tSt'^. o-ko- 
jretre Troia i^wf^, 770ta ^'"XV' ''^oioi'; omxaa-L, two. ToKpav 
Krqo'cifjiei'OL rag t/fcretas iTon](T€<T&€ Trapevrei arLpoypij- 
Tows Toil? ex'ayets (cat raZs apai^ evoj^ou?. ou ya^ 81' 
5 alviyf>.5)v aW epapyax; yeypairrai ev t^ dpa Kara re 
TWf^ri<ja.vTiav a \pr) ira^etc awroug »fat Kara 7(3u 
iTTiTp£}po.vTOJi', KoX TO rcXeuTaiov cc t^ apa yeypanrat ■ 
p7)B' ocrt'ots, <jiTi(ri, Bvueiav ol pf/ Ttpoipowre^ T^ 'AttoX- 
Xcavi pyjhk TJj 'AprepiSi pTjBf T^ Atjtoi yxtjS' 'AOtjvS, 

1 122Hpovaia., /iiijSe Sefawro avrois ra lepd," Toiavra koX 
irpos Tovrots erepa. TroWa SiefeX^dcros ipov, eTretSiJ 
TTore dm^XXtiyyjy koI ptriai-qv Ik toS trweSpiou, Kpai/yi) 

6. dt^mrLw: dear the skirts. Of. 
Heajch. j.t. i^offiou*: KaBi^pnv. Cf. 
HdC. i. 199, iv. 154, nherc it is nsed 
of the fulfilment of a. vow. — t(Si] : 
marks the Impetnoslty of the speaker. 

7- iv^pKTiu: vox tocriJicaHs, are 
Ttadu for Ihe ifferiag, U. filled wilh 
the aacred barley (oJXdxuTai), Cf. 
Eur. El. 1H2, KacoOv S* iv^psrai Kal 
ifSifi^fVi) a^ayh. Iph. A. 065, Tixpoii! 

Xa( a ^i-Tis. Ihid. 1471, «oj3 »■ ii/- 
opX*'''* 'iij BiSiirBu Si nip jrpoxiTais 
KoBafielaiai ical rarJIp ipiis iySeiioiaea 
Bai/i6*. L. end S.'b translRtion would 
imply Bomtithing like Champlin's, 
" Suppose Ihem (1.6. the sacred rites) 
to have commenced." 

S. Kal KOLvg KD,l i&Uf. common 
formula, varied in Dem. xvill. S to 
KOii^ xitl iKdarv. 

S 121. 2. Aaynrieton and climas of 
Impassioned speech. — irolois : 
r/. Dem. mil. 201, xfo. !" o^SaA^Dri 

wph! Ai&i iapSiitf if rniis its T>ir irJAir 
itepiirnns a•tll«^ou|il^ovs. — TivaToXfiav 
KTi]<ri>fi(voi. : such bardihood cannot 
be a natural gift. -Similarly! '33- *!■ 
Cf. § 130. 2. The theology of the 
passage is notable. The conaeioua- 
ness of guilt for which no atonement 
]iHB been made, unfits one for every 
religiouB act. 'Leave there thy gift 
before the altar.' 

4. Si" atviYiioiv ; rf, i. Ep, Car. 13. 12, 
BkJvafiiv yap &pri Si' Mrrpov ty alvty 
For the form, cf. Ar. Ran. 60, 

- tx" 'Ppi"' 

» iroi Si' 

7: 'v T]i if^ \i-^fe.tmx: see on 

§ no. ii. An impressive repetition 
like apax*, § 119. 4, q.v. For the fol- 
lowing qnot., rf. § m.Jin. 

§ 123. 3. ytTiiTTtiv: aee on luBf 
dttjkJtwi', § 117. 3. Having ended 
his exhortation aa Pylagoraa, he with- 
draws, leaving the decision to the 




I ■rroW'^ Kat Oopv^o'; ^v ratv Xfn^iKTVovoiv, fcai o \oyos 

I 5 -^v avKeri TTf.pL rwi/ acnriSwi' as ■^/ifls dveOeftev, ak\' 
t^Stj Trept Tijs t(ui' 'A/xi^to'O'e'&H' TifioipCa.^- ^Stj Se iroppca 
ttJs ripipa-i; ovaTji; TrpotKdav 6 xyjpv^ avii-m, Af\<f)aiv 
ocroi €jrt Sieres -tj^Smti., kqX 8oi;\ous tal ikevOepovs, t^keii' 
«i5 avpiov i^oVTa^ a/j.a5 Kal StKe'Was Trpos to ©ifl-eloi' 
lo c«ei KaXovpcfov • *cat TraXii' o cturos Krjpv^ avayopevei. 
Tous le.popvrJiLova.'i Koi tous Tri/Xaydpous aTroi'Tas t]K€iv 
«iS TOf au70i' ToVoy ^o-r)8j}crovTa^ tm 0e^ koX ttJ yjj t^ 
lepa- "i7Tis 5' ac /i^ ^'^PV ^o^'?- etpfetai toO tepoS 71 
1^3 KOI ivaryrj^ iaTai Koi Trj dpa. efo^os." rp Se utrrepai'^ 
■^Ko/ie- «D(9ev eis TOi' wpoeip-jjfievov toitop koI KaTe^vjp.a' 
ei5 70 Kippaloi' TreSioi', Kat toi' Xt/LcVa *faTacrKai|iai^es 
Ktti Tas oiKt'as ifinp-^aavTi^ a.v€)((i>povfifv. koX raSra 
5 ^^^wi^ TTpaJTovToiV ol AoKpol ot 'A^f^nTcreK, I^kovto. 

4. iwt> 'Aii^HNTurfvuv : can hardly 
refer h) the HieronmsinonB. In the 
rapid narration, llie incausiderable in- 
lerrsl is ignored during wliicli the 
heat of llie speech, having: inflamed 
the executive bodj, communicalc-d 
itaelf to the Inrger bodj airaltinf; 
its decision without, — ical i Uyoj 
^* ouli'n NT\. : spoken in proud con- 
eciousness of an oratorical power 
nhich had so conipletel? ttirneil the 
tables upon the nggreBsive Amphia- 

7- ownp: unusual const, irrot 
would be reg., leaving iniipat, as 
UiuU, a part. gen. witii Wppw. Cf. 
PlitoProt.310e; Syt«y).217d. Gen. 
alw. of cause ezpiaining why the work 
of vengeance was deferred till llie 
next morning, 

8. iirUtrritiiPiMn: the snmc phrase 
occars in lane. viii. 31 ; k.12. Whether 
It designates the age of IS, 18 or 20 

years will perhaps never be known, 
AuthoriticB are hopelessly divided. 
We arc no' to understand that a detail 
waa here made of persons between IG 
and 18, or between 18 aud 20. This 
was rather a grand rally of all per- 
sons present (including even the 
slaves) from a certain age. whatever 
that be. up\Piirds. See App. 

9. Qunioi': prob. a place on the 
road from Delphi to Cirrhft. where 
the Amphictyona were wont to offer 
sacrifice. See Bursian, Giag. Gr. I. p. 
179. The curious passage, Harpocr. 
s.v, @imTiBv. Aiffxl'ilt Kari KTi/aniiir- 
Toi. irrfAit iari ffii Aira,^las, shows 
how much reliance is to be put upon 
the uncorroborated 

eof 0' 

' authn 

§ 123> 6, (fi|KovTa oTtLEia: cf. 
Pans. X. 38. 4 (quoted on § 113. 2), 
where the distance is given aa ISO 
stadia. Neither statement is exact. 



oTciSia dntodtv oiKovvTei AeXtftan/, ^kov i(fi' r/fiS.^ fieff 
oirXcoi' TraySijiiil • koI el fi,j) Spofiqt fioXi? e$e<f)vyoiJ,a' eU 
124AeXi^ous, eKi^BvpevaafLev av aTrokeadai. Ty Se iiriovirg 
T)[iepa K6TTv<f>o<; 6 ra? ■yviu/ 4TTiip7)<j>L^<i)v iKKkijaicv 
IttoUi Toip ' Xfi.<l>tKTv6v(iiv • [eK*fXT^(7ta»' yap ovop.a^ovo'LV, 
OTaj/ p.ri p,6voi^ Tou! iruXaydpous koI tous lepop.vijp.ova'i 
5 fTvyKoXicTaiTiv, oWa. Kai tou? ijvv9vov7a.% ko-i tous XP^' 

(TRUV KaTqyopta.1, ttoXus S' liraivo? Kara T^s ■i^/ieTcpas 

Each may, hoireTer, be regarded as 
approximatplj correct if one ii taken 
aa the bee-line, and the other as the 
winding road. See Schttfer, II. p. 
600, note. 

8. JKivSuvivimiuVi^ onroX^D-Oai: Eee 
App. C/. Dem. ivui. 151, irtpniirTBi' 
T«Jwv T^y x^l"^' '■"•' ' f'ti^iiTuiyiav 
■ari t)i» ifiirrv'" Ti)r toirov (Aea- 
chineB), upaaimiyTtt al AoKpol /impoS 
jranjitiJiTurBi' irarrai, Tirlis !i Kal in" 
tilfwaoav rSiv UpBiirniiivinv, News of 
the procltttnation liad doubtleaa been 
carried to Aoiphissa the preceding 
erening, and the march of ttie Am- 
phiasians was no more prompt tlian 
under the circumstances miglit hare 
been eipected. The work of destruc- 
tion waa already accomplialied, and 
the Amphictyons already withdraw- 
ing (iftxaipaufio') 10 Delphi, on their 
■rriral. In thie resietance to an Am- 
phictyonic decree the AmphiBaiana 
may have counted on the powerful 
support of Thebca. Aiaiatance from 
Athens, the olTeoded party, wlioee 
delegate had juat brought down the 
itorm upon tbem, must have laia be- 
yond their ho pea. 

jTn<|n|^l);«iv : c/:§ iig.T. The Thesaa- 
lians held the presidency and a con- 

trolling position in the Amphictyonio 
League. Temporarily deprived of 
this by the Fhouians in the Sacred 
War, tliey had been reinstated by 
Philip at the Peace of Philocratei. 

Cf. Dem, VI. 32, Thr t^v a.v\alar i.v> 
tiina. vin. 65, Toil Tupimiis tKBoKtlr 
♦(^urot auTori icol ■riiy IlvAoIav iimtov- 
«n. v.33;xix.3ia. See Schafer, II. 
p. 271, note. 

3. [^KKXi]o-lav v^ KTt..'] : see App. 
This body, maJe up as here de- 
acribed, was prob. related to the ruyf- 
Spiov much aa the oXln at Sparta waa 
related to ffpauala. Before thii body 
certain measures which had passed 
the avytlptty appear to have been 
brought up for ratification or rejec- 
tion. Discussion was prob. not en- 
tirely deluded, any more than at 
Sparta. The measure of two days 
before seems not to hare been laid 
before such a body. Now perhaps it 
was thought desirable to add the 
weight of their ratiHcation. Rejec- 
tion wonld, under the clrcunutaoces, 
hardly be possihle. 

6. raOi o-uvSiiovTiM kt\.: prob. only 
from alates belonging to the league. 

7, nari; cf, § 50.4. In which pas- 
sage, as well as Plato Haedr. 260 6, 
firaitoD KBTit Tov Syou, there is a SUg- 


r -77oX£(D5 • Te'Xo5 Se TTat^os ToO \6yov }jrr)'l)iCovTai ■^k€iv 

I -j-ous 'iepofifTJfiova<; irpo r^5 eVioutn^s irvXat'as e'f /Jt;t&) 

I lO ^povM £t? IluXa?, ejfoi^as Soy/xa xa^' o 7t 8Ck7)v Stu- 
I cToutrii' ot ' Afi<f>i<T(T€t<; inrep Stv eis rot- ^€oj/ koX r^i/ y^f 

' -x^i' tcpai' fttl rot's 'Afi^iKTv6va<; i^^fiapTOf. ort Se 

cl\t)0t} Xeyto, avar/vuiirtrai vpXv h ■ypofipaT^vi to i/ijj- 


t3S Tot) Soy/xttTOS tovtov aTroSo^eWos wi^' ■fiiiotv iv t^ 

^cvkjf Kat ttoXli' ip t^ iKKkijO'ta,, Koi ras Trpofets r/fittH' 
aTToBs^apevov tov S-qpov /cat r^s iroAcws aTTdtrr)^ wpoai.- 
povpiirq<; eutreiSetf, *tai ^"qpotrOevov^ vnep roii pea'eyyvr}- 

gestion of ' showeriog praUes'down 
upon, with irony. 

9. irpd TTJs ^moiid-Tis miXalot : the 
next meeting woald be io the autumn 
of the same year, 339 s.c. This extra 
meeting, in addition to the regular 
■emi-anmial meetings, ehnwa tlie lieat 
eTolved by the affair. Sacb an ex- 
tra meeting is without known prece- 

10. ixotrrat Go'Ytia: a bill for the 
punishment of the Aniphiaaians had 
ilrcady passed in ttie Delphic ^huAii- 
ultL. This was now to be laid before 
the separate states of the league by 
the Hierooinenions for rati (illation. 
Armed with this ratLfii:ation, the Hie- 
romnemoni were to appear at the 
extra session. C/. g 115 in. 

S li&. The aeenmulatiDn of par- 
tin, (see Am. J. of Phil. IX., pp. 148, 
US) with the constant repetition of 
■■1 Ib a mark of slovenliness. C/. 
ii 19, 149; II. 26 S, 

1. dira6o4/vTOf in\. ; the bill, pre- 
•amablyin the form of a written doc- 
oment, was presented sufeessivelj to 
the Boi/Kii and the ^KcAnvla for simple 

ratification. This raliflcation it re- 
ceived, unless Aeschinea ia juggling 
with the word ii-oStfa/i^Mu, which 
might mean either simply reteictd 
(like our parliamentary expression) 
or reueived with evident signs of ap- 
probation, i,t, approitd. Hot only 
does Aeschines, however, wish to 
convey the impresBion that the mo- 
tion passed the iKHK-riala, but Demos- 
thenes (xviii. 143, 144) aSlrma it. 
Why Demoathents ibid, saje nothing 
of his Bttbaequent move by which he 
checkmated Aeschines and gained a 
great victory in diplomacy may be 
explained by Aeschines' statement, 
g 135^1., iz6 in., that it was an un- 
derhanded proceeding. The phrase- 
ology seems to imply that the flovAii, 

I ways 

Doltr than the 


fuEeil to be stampeded like the latter, 
as in the case described in Dem. xix. 
17 B. 

3. vpoaiptiu^vT]^: icaa minded. Note 
the change of tense. 

4. «&r«p.:v : to MSI il> religious ob- 
lii/alions.'-'VKip Toil jmrf^fYif^HttTOt ; 


AI2XIN0Y RATA KTHSl*nNT05 1:5. ' 


evavTiov Vfiwv i^eXey^ovro'i, ctteiS^ Ik tov t^nf^pov ry)v 
TrdX-tf avdpwTTO'i ovk eSwfaTo or^^Xai, ettreX^w)/ cis to 
^ov\.(.vrqpiov, iieTa.(JTT](rdfj.tvo'i tov'; tSiwrag e.K^4pe.Ta.i 

TTpofiov\evii.a, irpocrXa^ 
126to S' avTo tovto koI iv 
(fiL(rOrjvat Kal yeveo-Qa 

TTiv TOV ypas^avTO'i a.TT€Lpi 

TTJ iKK^vja-Ca Sieirpd^aTO e7r»/»i;- 

Stj'juou \ji^(^L(rfia, antk7}\v96TO<; 

6. BiTiXi'yovTot : cf, Dem. xviit. 143, 
Kal t^t" tSflii ^^5 SiaiiapTapo/ihou Kal 
BaSyras In Tp ^KKATiiri^, " irii\(;tav Ei't 
TJJv 'ArTUrjfP eurctyeit, Aia';^fnf, xd^e/iojr 
'A;i^iKTii^fiiii'." DemOBthenes then goes 
on tn claim thiit he did not on thie oc- 
casion get a lieKring anj mere than at 
the notable assemblj wlien Aeschines 
and PhllccrRles pushed through the 
ratlBcation of the disgraceful Peace 
of Fhilociates : o! /ih in rapaxf.'lfata! 
atr/itiSiiiietoi aix clar m ^^k". 'w 

6, iffXiYx^VTOi : i.t. of venality. 
Thia etock bosat of both aratore ia 
nothing but empty woidi. Political 
consideratioQg doubtless turned the 
icale, Demosthenes had not yet led 
a majority of the Athenians to cpsse 
thinking of Thebea as an object of 
hatred. If Philip hovered on the 
horizon, Aescbines could represent 
him, greatly to their liking, as a real 
enemy to ThebcB and only a seeming 
enemy to Athens. C/: § 141. 5, De- 
ntoBthenea makes one remark x~viii, 
143, oi i" i9aiia.Cov vnl Kiyi,v aJiiai' Sil 
T^v liiiLr txSpao iriytiv ^i 6iri\dixBa- 
rav mr^, which shows Uiat he had 
not inspired impartial Atheninns with 
confidence in bis fairness. Thus he 
had impaired his own effltiency at 
this crisis. This little piece of unin- 
tentional contession is worth Tolumes 
of Aescliines" ' proofs ' in pulling down 
Demotlliencs from his 

7. avtpwiros: see on § 99. 1. 

6. |UTaij"n)Ta|uvot Toin tStifrrat : 

the ordinary diBcussiona of the BauX-ii 
were open to Tiailors (c/: Dem, iix, 
18, t!i yip BouXtirripior fuariiy Ify iSitu- 
Tut) who occupied a space separated 
by a railing from the members. Some- 
times in a matter of great importance 
like the present one a secret seisiOQ 
was called, and the public asked to 
retire- Our 'clearing the galleries' 
is the same thing. — /it^'prnu: cf. 
[Dem.] Lii, 4, i^iviym TpoSoiJAtu^ui 
fh rhr i^ii"'- Wbaterer bittemesa 
there is in the expression lies in the 
mid. voice. Was Demosthenes again 
. raMor i, ..,..«■«. (S 73. «) ' " 
so, why should he hide hiB hand in 
thismatter? If he was not a senator, 
but an iBiiiTjj!, and yet procured an 
order tor the removal of the other 
IdiuTui, would not A ea chines have 
made more out of this exhibition of 
SuvaaTiial Prob. he waa a atnnlor. 
9. irpoo-Xa^iiv . . , dmiplar^ Sofaol., 

•m„r^a (;.e. rpoSoiKfviia). Cf. Dem. 
11. 7, riji/ yAp iKd/TTUv iLyoiaf Sie\ ruM 
A-yvooCifTtvy abrhv t^aTrariiy Kai rpov* 

§ 126. 1. TO airi Tovra: t.*. rpa- 

2. yiviirtai, Gtjfitni <trT|'<turiLa : this if 
the real crime; a mere rpoBaiAcvua 
had no validity, aud (be mover of it 
was liable to he called to account for 


c/xov, ov yap av ttotc cVe'rpei/ra, koX toiv nXeitrrcav Br/ 
o.'^fip.ajaiv • ov to fce^aXatdi' eort "top upofj.vrjij.ova, ' <ftT](rC, 
*'top 'AdrfvaUov Kal tou? irvXayopov^ tous act irvXayo- 
povvra'i vopeveo'Sai £15 Hvka^ Kal tis AeXi^ou; ei- toTs 
Terayfievoi^ Xpovois vtto tS)v Trpoyovoiv, ' evTrpeirw'; ye 
T^ ovofiaTL dX-Xa tw ?py<a")(^pS)i; • KdtXuet ydp et? tojj 
<ryXXoyoi' toi' eV IluXats airairai', os €'!■ di'ay/ojs Trpo 70O 

it; bat a. i^^^iir^a was loniethmg for 
"Which the whole Athenian people 
Blood responsible. On the relation of 
a irpofloi;A(u><a tO a iH^'^fa see Suhii- 
mann, I. p. 3T5 S. Ctesiphon's bill to 
crown DcmosttioneB became a irpo- 
BoiiAtii^ at ance, bnt was prevented 
b; Aeschines' action from becoming 
a ■^ipi^iia though it is often callcil ao 
in this oration. Cf. §§ 9, 330, 236, 
337. — smXiiXvtaTiis ■ - ■ d^ip^'yoiv: 
for a similar charge of manipulating 
the asBembly, cf. Dem. ivfu. 149, 
where Aeschines ia aatd to have been 
chosen Pylagoroa, -rpi&ii () TtTripav 
XtipoTonitriivTasv. — ii(]HLjL^lwv ' skil- 
fnllj choaen to convey the impreealon 
of ■ qaasi diaaolution of the assembly. 
Bntas long as the presiding officer was 
present to put the vote (Sitrpiiaro 4iii- 
i^^S^vBi) there could be no actual 
dissolution. Naturally enoogh there 
would be much wandering ofi at the 
end of B long session, and it was diffi- 
cult either to get the citizens together 
or to hold them together, unless spicy 
buiineai was in outlook. Cf, At. 
Ach. 22 f., at y ir kycpS >aXaC<ri, (Svo. 

Tnntrar. Dem. sviii. 149, oSSti'ls Bi 
upeuSitot, altu", ''t' rpa-ytK' ouic itiuKdr- 

yiyytfBai, shows that this fact waa 
often taken advantage of for par- 
tiisn porposes. The allegations on 
both sides are prob. correct. Nothing 

but a trick could have sent Midias 
and Aeschines to nelphi when De- 
mosthenes was lea tier of Athenian 
politics. Nothing but a trick could 
have kept Aeschines from attendance 
at the inKXfiiria when his pet scheme 
of vengeance on Amphissa was de- 

6. roCi iA irvXaYOpavrat ; whofvtr 
way at tht time be serving as Pylagarat. 
Cf. Aesch. Pr. 937, Biwrt rht KpaTnvtr' 
ifl. The expression impliea that the 
Pylagorae were elected for each meet- 
ing. It is proh. from the absence of 
this phrase with rir Itpoiitifiona that 
the latter was expected to Imld his 
office at least till after the impending 
autumn meeting. See App, on § 115. 

7. TcraviiL^voLs xF"'ve't : cf Hyperid. 
Epitaph. Col. vii, p. flO (Eiass). 4^ 
iltraiiftnioi yip ol "EXAiji'tr Etbvto !Ii 
Toii Intmoi ,ls t^h nvAafa.-. Ench 
spring and each autumn the delegates 
convened at Thermopylae and ad- 
journed to Delphi for the really im- 
portant business of llie league. The 
wording of tliis clause of Demos- 
Ihenea' bill ia general, but it contem- 
plated this particular autumn meet- 
ing. — tvirptirus T^ ovojiari: because 
it was in form a resolution to follow 
the time -honored precedent. 

9. j£ ovdYKTii: ace. to the Am- 
piiictyonic resolution the eitra meet- 
ing, if it took place at all, was to be 
in advance of the regular meeting. 


81, p.' 

I 127 Ka9ijKovTo<; ifiekXe ^ofou yiyvea-dai. koX ttoXiv iv tw 
avTU) i/iTj^icr/iart ttoXu Kat CTa^eoTepof *cat iriKpoTcpov 

TTpocTTay/J-a ypdr^et "tou Upopi'Tjfj.ova" (jtTjfTi, "tov *A^- 

vaioiv Kat Tovi; irvXayopovi rov<; ad TniKayopovvTa.^ pi) 

6 p€T€)(CLi' TOi<i eKeZa-e o■v^.Xeyo//c'l'Ols /iij're \6yov p'^T€ €p- 

yov ptjre Sdy^aro? /atjtc wpafccos yxTjSe/xiS?-" ro Sc /[i'^ 

peTe^eiv tI tori; TTorepa rdXyjde'i ettria r) to ^Storoi' 

dfcoScrat; to oKfjOH tpo>- to yap del Trpos -^Sov^f Xc- 

■ycii' oiiTaxri tt)v ttoXic SiaTe'^ettfej/. owk id peppTjcrffai 

10 Twi' opKiav ov<i ripdiv 01 npoyovoi aipo<Ta.p, oiihk 7ij? dpS? 

ouSe TTjs Tov 6iov p.a.vTeia<;. 

1 128 'H/iets p.kv ovv, St dySpe'i 'kOrjvaXoi., KaT^peii/afiev 

Ota TouTO TO ^yjtjiKTpa, ol o aWoi ' AptftiKTVofe^ oTJceXe- 

yyjaav €ts IlwXas n-X^r /iitas jroXetos, ■^S t'yoi out' aw 

S 1ST. 6. (K)te^ ; (ioubtlesi pre- 
ceded in tlie bill of DeiiiOBthenea bj 
some (;lsuse referring to and prohibit- 
ing thia proposed extra meeting. 

7 f . iroT€po TAi|8Jt ktA. : for a 
eimilar attitude of hpsltatian ti> speak 
out unpleasant truth, c/i Dem. ix. 46. 
— irpdi ijEov^ \iyav nrh.: c/. Depi. 
III. 3f ip^Tt yap &s Ik tou vpbs x^^^ 
inianyoptiv iyiovs tit vaf xpotXiiXuBt 
lio'xB^piat TO rop6vTa. IX. 2; 1. I^; iv. 
3S, 51; viit. 34. Aeauhineaisprob.Dot 
canscioasi/ ' eCcaling Demastlienes' 
thunder.' This ciiarge of ' tickling 
tlie ears' of the people was a natnral 
theme for mutual recrimination. De- 
moathenes really did this no less than 
Aeachines. Aeachinea paixlereil to 
their aloth, Demoathenea fed their 
vanitj. Even rebukes apieed with 
Marathon and the hegemon; and the 


Cf. [Aeich.] Ep. J 

ii,Kirrru, ii X'^('K"'9<L, 

BtKarris i/iif tamir ourai xoi iul\iara 
vph$ f/Sof^v \fyaimj rijv inrh rpoffxh' 
^arj wappntr/al 63ir toS Kokamieiv iW- 
fifvot (composed perhaps with ref. to 

9. oils i4'- »■■■ »s Bubj. ftii /itri- 
Xt". " These words, ^)j n«T^x«>'i 

§ 12s. 3. irXiiv pas inthtiBt: 
i*.e. Tbehes. For the destruction of 
Thebes bj Alexander after ita revolt 
in 335 B.O., aee Grote, XL e, 81, pp. 
300 ft.; Schafer,IIL pp. 115 ff. Tiiii 
common refusal of Athens ajid Thebes 
marked them alreadj aa alliea, though 
it required Philip's occupation of 
Elalea aud the eloquence of Demas- 
tlienes to cement the alliance. — i|t 
4-ii air' ov Ti>£i«|ia rim>i|u: Aeachi- 
nea gives notice that his great effort 
in pathoa la coming. Bf this rhetori- 
cal expresaion the &^Bai S4, 0ijBa.i of 
§ 13J is made to show overmastering 



-rovvofxa eiTTOi/xt ^i-qO' ai (rvii,(j>opal TrapaTrXijo-tot y^oii'TO 

^TTia-TpaTtww ent tov<; 'A/i</n(rcre'as, teat arparq-yov eiXovro 
f^OTTVi^ov TOP tov rare ras ■yviiJ/xas e7rti/nj»^i- 
^OfTtt, ovK eViStj^owtos cV MaifeSoi'ta <I'i\i777rov, dW 
ouS' Of Tp 'EWaSi vapovTO^, dXV ec S^w^ats oifrtu }ia- 
3.0 t^pav ctTTOvTo? ■ ov avTWa /iaX.a, To\p-qa-ti. Xeyeti' Ar)po- 
^O crOem}!; oi^ iym im tous "EXXiji'as iir-qyayov. Kat irapiK- 
^oi^es 7^ TTpdny (TTpaTeCa koI pdXa p€Tpioj<; i)(p^a'ai'TO 
-roiii Ap.^i.<T<jf.v(TLV ■ acTt T'ct/' twc p.eyto'Tiap doLKijpaTwu 7 
-^p'^paa-iv avTOii'; itj-qp.toxrai'y Kai raOr' Cf /5i7Tai )(p6va) 
» irpoel-rrov rat 6c^ Karadftvai., nal toik; pkv ivayti<; teat 

4. |ii]6" a( (rii|i^pak Y'I^^vto : see 

8, JinSi)p«vvTM : more connnonly 
= sojourn, U9 in S 158. 6. Cf. Ljcurg. 
14, ru>u iftwiptvy rdit firLiTtnoviriv iKti- 
The inference is tliat from Macedonia 
intriguing whs easy. — ilXX' ovS' iv tq 
'EXXilGi: nai/, not sitit la JJfllas, Im- 
mediately after hia repalso from By- 
untiunl and Periathus in tlie spring 
of 339 B.C., Philip, to wliom activity 
*ru a Tital element, made an incur- 
sioD upon tlie Scythians living on the 
northern bank of the Danube. Per- 
bapB be thought that hia prestige, 
damiged by this repulee, might be 
repaired by a victory in a new quar- 
ter. That Ills withdrawal from the 
(ireek world was ' a blind,' (0 enable 
hii benchmen to work free from aua- 
[Hcion is unlikely, 

10. ov OiVr£Ka pAXa . . . cinj^^ov : 
it was easy for AeEchinea to see that 
lllis topio would form a part of De- 
mosthenes' oration ; not only does 
Demoathenes [xviii, 143) make this 
1, but affirms Cliat lie asserted 

in the InterTSl jiaBSLon liaii cooled. 
MJldcr i^uunsel than Aesdiiiios would 
have wished prevailed. This general 
statement wiih the following gpecifl- 
cations prub. gives the truth more 
nearly than DeraoBtlienes' inainuation 
(xvni. 151, o! (P if^Soyris oiSiv i-irol- 
our) of an intentinnal failure on the 
part of tlie Amphictyona. 

4. ^v ^T<p xp"'**?' "" exhibilion 
of leniency ; and yet the respite must 
have been brief, for at the autumn 
meeting tliey were treated as delin- 
quent. Cf, Dem. xviii. 151, 111 rJji- 
imoBaavnvAttlai'. Aeschines is dearly 
concerned to make this summer ap- 
pear as long as possible, Cf. line 10, 
iruAA(D xp^'f SuTipne. The revolution 
and counter-revolution in Amphisaa 
prob.took but a few days. The anli- 
Tlieban party rDuld not hold their 
position after the withdrawal of Ihe 
Amphictyonic contingent. 

J AI2X1N0Y KATA KTH51*nNT05 129, fjo. 

tSiv TTiTT pay fi.4vaiv aiTiov^ fxiTd<rr/}iTap, tov^ Se 1 
(Te/8eiac (fttvyovTa^ KaDJyayov, ejretS^ Se ovts to. xPV' 
fiaTo. i^erivop t&j ^tw tous t ivayei^ KaT-qyayov koX 
Tous £uire/3ti5 i^£0a\oi', ourtus ^Sij t^i- Sivrdpav <rTpa- 
10 reiaf iivov^<Ta.vro, iroWot ^pdew vaTepof, effai'eXTjX.u&dros 

■JllXlTTTTOU €K T^S CTTl TOVS SfoJ^a? OTpaT€iaS, TftSv ^Cf 

^ewv T'l^y r)y(.ixoviav Trj<; eucre^et'as VjLiiv Tra^aScScuKorciH', 
T^S oe Atj fiOtrOewov^ owpoSoKtas ifnroooiv ytyeirqp.iirrj';. 
\ 130 'AXX ou TrpouXeyoJ', oli Trpovaijp.aifoi' ol 6€oi <f>v\d- 

^atrOat, /idcoK ye oix auBpumoif tj)oiva^ ■jrpoo''oi. ; 
ovo€p.Lau TOL jTotjrorc eyinye ^ciWoi' ttoXw itapaKo. vwa 
ph' Toiv BtSiv a-Qil^opiv-qv, vito he tUv pTjToptDP ivunv 
5 aTToWvpivTjv. ov^ iKavov t]v to tois pvirTTjpioK <^a.vkv 

6. |UT(irTT|<rav : banishment was 
indeed mild, hut Aeechines Eoflens 
it Blill more by using thia word railier 
than iii\\imav. — rovt G J i<! (vnpfuxv 
^vTOvrati see on § 113. 3, 

10. iTmiAi^'MTtn i<Xlrrm : Pbilip 
wsa on hand, and made a vigorous 
campaign immediatelj' after Jiis ap- 
pointment at the autumn meeting. 
The occupation of Elatea, if not the 
deitcuction of Amphissa (§§ 146, 147) 
tooic place before winter. See Grotp, 
XI. G. 00, p. 299, note 5; Schafer (2d 
ed.),n. p. 544. note 3. 

§ 180. 1. The following impaa- 
Bioned amplifleation, intended to he 
pathetic, begins appropriately with an 
abrupt turu (iWi) and anaphora. 

2. )U)VOV 71 ovK ovSpwiruv ^uvi^ 
irpooTtTTiirajMvoi : aee On t/vo TiiA^af 
KTVTdt^ioo.. § 121. 2. Cf. Dem. t. 2, 
i irapiit xaipli! iiSror oJj(l A*7t( (pu^Sjc 
i^iifj. Cic. Cul. iii, iS, turn vero 

Prob. I 

nof t 

bus ope 

I nobis 


)uSt)iCav (ta.: this sounds like a 
reminiEi^ence of Dem. x.ix, 297, olircji 
at] ff^iamrt TJ71' TjAjy tdAA^ rmy rpo*- 
iTTDKiJrur tiotAor. The same theme 
is liandled at greater length in Dem. 
It. 1, a. Cf. 1. 108. Dem. xv. 12. 
This belief in a special providence 
for Athens was an article in the 
creed not of the orators only. C/. Ar. 
Nvb. 587 ff., ipiurl yap JuoBouAW -rfSc 

Bioo! Stt' Si' iiiiis lia/iApTJir' M -ri 
StKriBV Tpijriui. — ivImv: appOB. with 
the effect of an afterthought, correct- 
ing the loo sweeping ^ijT^paii', bj which 
the speaker carae near putting him- 
self in the same category with De- 
mosthenes. 0/. Dem. iviii. 12, Ti 
^Jb otn Korit70pi)fiei'o iroXAi, sal wtp\ 
Sr Irtaiu p-tyiXax xal Tni iax^" "' "i- 
^01 iiiiaai 'n^<eplas. 111. II, \^ reiFi 
irtp] Tuv efwpuc&y, ffn^iut tireavl, Knl 

5, TOis (ivo-TiipCoLs : i.e. 'E^twiffoii. 

-lESCHINES OX THE CROWN 130, tjt. 13! 

et. p. r. 
<rr)ft.eiov, ij rwc fjMOTuv TtKfvr^; ov irtpl Tovrotv 'Afi€i- 
vidBv}^ fLfv irpovkeytv ev\a^$ai Kai TTefLTreiv ets Ae\- 
«^oi/s iirepyjcrofj.ei'ov'i tqv 6f.hv 5 tl xpi] 'npd.m.iv, ATjp.o- 
<j'BevT]<; §£ dvT^Xiy^ <j>\,\t.inittfiiv ttjv TlvOLau ipdiTKiiiv, 
lO <xjTatSevTO! Siv Kal dTrokaviaf koI'o^ ttj<; 
1 '"1 SeSofteV>j! v<f> iipoiv clvt^ efoutrias; ov to reXeuTaioi' 
txdvTOJV Kai dKa.\KiepijT(i>u optwv twv lepSiu l^iiTe.pi^e 
Tous UTparicuTas eVi tov TrpoSrjkop klvSvpov; KaCroi 

6, 1] TiJv n«rTiilv TtXumj: Ihe re- 
mark of the Suhol., Af'-yo jc ^xclvo ri 

mj/a aAru^ rb fr7T0)!, IB prob. n rominie- 
cencG of Pliit. Phoc. 28, ;i.wrTTjf 5i 

m^thi irui'f'Aeflf, though the oucasion 
"vraa not the aame. — 'A|iuvui&i)t ; &n 
Athenian Eaothsuyer. 

9. ^tXiinrCtiLv : the cnrrcocy of this 
newly coined verb, trhich took the 
flaue of fiTiSlC'iv at a century and a 
Iialf before, apeaics eloquently of the 
'weakness of Greece before a foreign 
inrader. In tlita defiant EcepticJam 
TlemoBtlieneB may well have had be- 
fore Ilia mind neutor's eIf ataiyhi ipi- 

ffroc, i/iinaOai ircpl TdrpT)!, Horn. II. 

xii. 243. That he had more recent 

examples before him is seen in Flut. 

ijem. 20, A^fLoa6tviit hiytrtu "rots ran/ 

ttHaii iav wpovtxny oihs f^avretai &ico6- 
«», i\ka Kol tV nuflln» iiroroflt £is 
^AarrtCaiKrav, iwaftiiiirliiiiisiv "Kiraniriir- 
Igu Toiri enSalau: irsl ntpuiKiiiiis ralis 
•AitiniLlims, iis iKtTmi ri TDiavTa ItiAlal 
^tynifAei/oi vpti^daeii ij(j}U¥To roTs Ao- 
yia/io!!. Cf. Cic. tiiit. ii. 118. De- 
nostbeneB quidem ^'iXurrl- 
fov Pythiam dicebat. Hoc 

Fhilippo < 


10. [bralGnrrot^ see on § 117. 6.— 
(uroXaiiaiv : equiv. to ahuti. Cf. i, 56, 
%Kt Sfiipa ctiraAtAauK^; r^t iKtirov tbr}- 
Sflas. Dem. uciv. 52 ; xiii. 19. For 
a catalogue of iniiulgenccB exlended 
to DemoBtheiieB, aee §g 221, 12a. 

§ 131. 2. dBi^mv: cf. S 152. 2. 
The inclining ia illustrated by Soph. 

A'lt. IU06 a., i,C Si Bv^Tav 'KflUTTO! 

aiiK tXaiiVfV, dAA' M ottoJ^ jjuSokra 

K'qKist fiffpiltr itilKtTB lATWpt Kati-WTVt 

and AeBch. Ag. TO, aripan lipav, uii- 
accepted sacrificta, with Hesych., iri- 
pau^iSurm. Cf. Sim. Amorg. J. 50, 
Seuara (». I. UBinn.) i' Ipi waWdmi varc 
uBlti. — iicnAXMpi|Tiuv : merely synony- 
moua with aSuToii', farming with it a 
double exprcESLon like those bo freq. 
in Dem. As illustralionB of this in 
AeBchines, cf. §§ 77, 170, 174, 203, 
ao6, 214, 238, 239, 247. 

3. irpoSiiXoi' : an inference from the 
inauBpictous Bacrifices. AeachincB' 
ingisCence on titig word calla forth the 
reply, Detn. sv;ii. 196, ft /ii* yif 
^v aoi jrpiJJijAa ri liiWoiira, Ahtx^mJi 
tUvv Tuy tWuf, St' iBovf'tifff t> tiJAii 
irtpi Tsinaiv lir' tZti rpoKfysiv, and 
(the nobler part of il) 199, o' yap ^r 
fiiroffi ipiiSijAa TB fiiWavJa ytviiataSat 
Bui upa'jitsay irJiTtt, nal eii rpol/Kfyes, 




7rp(^v)v yd nore a.Ti(.TQ\^a \4yuv, on trapa. tovto OiXijt 

5 TTOS OVK TjX^ew TflMOIV 6771 T^f ^Otpai/, OTl OVK tJV avT^ 

KoXa TO. iepd. tIvo^ oZv (tv ^Tj/iia? afios Tv^elv, St rrjs 
'EXXoSos dXiTtfpce ; ei yap 6 pev Kparcjp ovk -^X^ei- ets 
TTjv TOJii Kpajovp4vtt>v -^tapav, on ou« Tjf avrw KaXa ra 
L£/]a, <Tv S' ouSey irpoetSws roll' /xeXXotrcDi' iireaffai, wplv 
10 KO^Aiep^o-ai tou? orpaTHwras efeVe/xt/ias, iroTepa ore^a- 
voviT^at tre Set ejri rat? T'^s TroXews aru^iais $ vwepoi- ! 

[ 133 Ti yap rot TWf izTrpoo'SoKTjTwy e'l^' -r^p-Htv ov yeyo- 

veu ; ou yap /3tW ye ij/tets a.vOpiinrivoi' ^€^i,, aXX' 
ets iTapaBo^o\oyCav rot? ^e^' ij/xas etftvpef. ovj( 6 ph/ 
rtSf nepcrcoi' (SaaiXeiis, 6 7ov "ABqi Stopufas, o TOf 'EXXiJtr- 

oCS- a 

» S^fT,, 

17 jrdA,. 


*4. airrroXiia: c/;§j6o.5. In both 
psEBages Ihe advereary'a words are 
Bkilfully turned against )iiui. — irapd 
TOvra: far Ms sole reason. Cf. Di- 
naroh. 1. 72, iropi t1 ultofls ris inl\n! 
rirt (iii> (i t<1t( St fmlAaij irpiiTTui'; 
oiJli' tup^ireTt iSAA.0 lAtji' irupi Toti 
ri'fijSaA^BiiiitalTgl's^ft/iiirai. Dtm. iv. 
It, dSSI 7ikp oJtoi TQ/Kl TJ]v atroB fiA- 
/ajv TOffovTOf iwTti^Tjrai Sffot rapd^ t^f 
ilitripa-v ifii\<iiiv. See Whiston on 
the Utter passage, 

7. iiXir)]pM : ef. iAtrrfp'O' rij! OioS, 
Thuc. i. 126, 11 [a atanding designa- 
tion o[ the Alcmaeonidac as con- 
cerned in the murder of Cjlon's ad- 
herents). Demosthenes also uses 
thii strong vrord of Aeschincs, xviii. 
159, I* aim &y iKviiaaiiii lyi^i iioii-ir 
tA-nipioK -ray ^itA Tavra BTroXuAlfTui' 

10. KoXiitprjo-ai : rf. otsAAifp^Toii', 
line 2. — iroTipa (rTii^avovo-fltu i-rh.: 

'/■ § 53' ^' Since the curse-laden 
criminal (iAir^pioiJ carries with him 
a utaa/iB, he should be separated IiTlng 
and dead from his home {iTipaptaSai), 
t1ie place of his evil deed. Qf. Dem. 
Ull. 2. See Nageisbach, iVocUiiiins- 
rische Thedogk, p. 358. Schmidt, Etltilc 
der Griechen, I. pp. 123-131. This 
question iHfing it upon the jury to 
decide between the two altematirea 
brings the exposition of Demoathenea' 
ia4B<ui and &8iiTi]s to a close. 

Sg 182-186. Impassioned digres- 
eion picturing the consequences of 
this aaJS"", as well as of iatBta in 
general. A comparison of thia pas- 
sage, ifhich is in Aeschines' best man- 
ner, with Dem. xvici. 270 S., which 
also treats of the universal disaster 
brought about by Macedonian su- 
premacy, justifies the verdict of Quin- 
tilian quoted Inlrod. g 29. 

§133. 3ff. See App. — drwlltp- 
<rwv Poo^Xciit: perpetua persona, 
including several individual fiaatAtU. 
The bonstful exploits of the Persian 


Bl. p. 7' 

B TTOVTOP ijeufas, o yrji/ »cai vBiop rou; "EXXt/cas atTwy, 6 
ToKfxSiv iv 70X5 eViCTToXaZ? ypd^etu ort Seo-irOTTjs e'oTti' 
ciTratTftM' dvOpanTtiii' d<})' -ffXCov dviovroi f-^XP'- Si/o/xei'ou, 
yuv ou ircpt tow Kuptos irfpof €wai dywci'^eTai dXX' tJStj 
wepi T^s TOW {7W/Aa70s aoyrrjpias ; Koi tous aurovs 6/3tu- 
10 fAQ/ T^s re Sd^s Tttiinj? icat t^s £Tt Toc llepa-tjiJ ijye/xo- 
I ISSt-ia? ^ft(u/iei'0L'5, ot koi. to te/joi- ^X«u^€/3tu(Tcij' ; &7jfiai 
Se, 0'^/3ai, TToXi? donryEtTOJi', /i.e^* ■^jiepau fitav efc ^e- 
OT/s T^s 'EXXdSos, ei /cai StKatws, jrepl twi* 

kings are eet over agaiDit the present 
humiliation ot Persia, not merely for 
thssakeof the eon tMst, but to remind 
the Atheniani at the same time that the 
outraBcons and sinful pride of the Per- 
■isn kings has met its righteous pun- 
ishment at the hands of Macedonia, 
and that Macedonia alone in the ser- 
Tice of justice and piety has attained 
honor and power. In the same rein 
the exploits of Xerxei are enumerated, 
partly in the same words, in Isoc. iv. 
89. [Ljs.] n. 29, Cf. Juv. X. 173 ff. 
G. in E«7ircin|t kt\. ; cf, the boast 
of Cyras, Xen. ^n. i. 7. 6, dAA" (aji 

Tfiit jii* utaiiiiBplav iiixp^ "S Sik naupji 
mb iivavTai o'lKtlr Svflpioiroi, irpii Si 
ipKTm nixpi oS iih xf'l^ya. 

B. oil in contrast with &\\' Iji-ri 
■nd subord. to ai>;t, which extends 
OTer the whole question, " Is it not 
true that the Icing is contending not " 
lie. ^.§§110,240. 

9. o-ii|uiros irarrTiplai ; the death of 
Dariui occurred 01. 112. 3, in Heca- 
tombseon (July, 330). C/. An. An. Hi. 
13.2. Theorationwaideliveredahout 
Aug. 1, before the news had reached 
Athens, Cf. § 254. 2. — tovs avraiii: 
the point of the whole picture to 
which attention ii eaiKcially directed. 

10. Tijs So'gi]t Tovrqs : this can 
hardly refer to anything so remote as 
5 isg, 12. It refers rather to the 
glory of overthrowing the Persian 
empire, and is nearly identical with 
what is added with xaC. This is one 
of the marks of general e&usireness 
found in the whole passage, Forsimi- 
lar expressions of regard for Mace- 
donia, cf. §§ 57, 66, 129, 157, (6i, 259. 

S 183. 1, e^Pai U, evi^L: see on 
S 12S, 3, Celebrated instance of ^r- 
aydxjj^i! or i^nJlirXBUij (e/. § 75, 6). 
The speaker wishes to arouse com- 
passion, Cy.§is6.6. Dem.xviii, 41. 

2, aimiytlTttv: neiglilicr lo our dig, 
Cf. the imitation of this passage, 
Dinarcb, I, 24. 

3. air^frmurrai : the sing, is not 
used by a grammatical figure ((rx^u"), 
but is due to the appos. Tsi\is. Sre 
Kr. Spr. 63, 1, 3. Volltmaon, liher. 
der OnecLuad Bem.p.S92. The fol- 
lowing parlies, arc a case of con- 

(t Kal EiKufuf . . . dXXii : " although 
Alexander's vengeance was just, yet 
it was no merely human affair." — thi' 
Auv; *«• vital inleretts. Cf. Dein. 
Xviii, 28, Ti ^iKpi rrufi^/poiTa T^i iti- 
XfBj ttti /it tjniKiTTtiii, t1 !" t\a, iatrtp 
stiroi, irtwpaxiraii 



oXtuf ovK 6p9Si% ^ovk^vcrdfievoi, dXXct ttjv yc 0eo^X.a- 
5 0eio.v Koi rrfu a^poa~6i>Tiv ovk oLpOpcoirCvtiii dWa Scufio- 
riiM5 Knjo'a^ei'ot. AaKeSai/^tdcioi S' ol raXaCiraipoi, Trpoa-- 
atjtdij.a'ot [lovov TOVTiuv Tn>f TTpayfJ.a.TO)v ef oip)(r}s, ol 
Twu 'EWijccitc TTOTe aftoOfxes i^ye/^wts tlvai, vvu opr)- 
ptvo'ovTis KoX TTJ-i a-vp-^opas iiriSeiiiv TTOLYja-opevoi, p4k- 
10 Xoucrtv li? ' AXi^ai'Zpoi' dvaTT^piTea-BaL, tovto Trenrd/iei-ot 

Kol aVTol Koi 7/ TTdTpl^ O Tl CtV CKClVw So^TJ, (fttl CJ/ T^ 

Tou KpaTowros fat irpovjhiKijiiei'ov p,£Tpi6T-f)Ti. KptOTjao- 
wlZipfi'oi, -f) 8' ijp.eripa. ttoXis, tj koi.vt) KaTaipvyrj twv "EX- 
Xtj^oiv, TTpos ^f di^iKi^Si^o TTporepov ck t^s 'EXXdSos ai 

4. ouK iptii pau\ncra|uvoi : the 
curse inToked by the Amphietyona 
(cf. % i:i. 6, i^opoi) waa upon tlieiti. 
The foolish rebellion waa ooly one 
conseiiuenee of the original departure 
from BtoaiBtia. — 6»^ap«La: see on 
S 117. 6, r<r»t ii val Jui^OFiau kt-A. 

6. iiTi)inIfuvaL : see on tIvo TdX/iBf 
KTi)aiffifvo<, § 121. 2. The partic is 
csasal, ai is also eauX(iii(i^ci<iii. The 
desire to form a. well-rounded period 
is here manifest. At least the words 
interTening between imB^Miiaf and 
vnifiiurm are padding. See on § 3 in. 
In agreement witli the rerdict of Bte- 
Bl^iBiia is Arr. An. i. g. 6, eix f(ta ti£ 
(I'ltifTiii fh lifjnf t)|ii i»4 Tou flelou inj- 
ii4x^- — TTpoo-mlniiMVoi |w>vov . . . «| 
d(i](iig : Sparta having been fined by 
the Amphictf ons acting under The- 
ban influence, for its seizure of the 
CadmcB in time of peace, refused 
pajrment, and lent secret support to 
Philomel us, which encouraged htm in 
the ipoliation of the temple of Apollo 
at Delphi. Cf- Diod. xvi. 24, 63. In 
the latter passage Archidaniua is 
spoken of as jtoTi tV "pii *uHfh aufi- 

8 IT, dfHipiiifrovm . . , Kpktiiin))UVDi : 
dftjjpfivofTfS and iron;c6ixfvat express 
purpose, rcurtf^Evoi and iipi6j!<riti(i'ai 
expectation. iva-wi/itituBaiis laiA. The 
sense of the passage is, "The Spar- 
tans are going to send up delegates to 
offer hostages and to make a display 
of their calamity, expecting to suffer 
and to be judged." Antipater had al- 
ready demanded hostages on the de- 
feat of Agis at Megalopolis in this sum- 
mer (330 B.C.). Cf. Diod. xyii. 73, 6 
flip oSp 'AiTlTraTpas ifi'hpo^s f\aSe rails 
iriijianaTiTBiis r£f STapricrrar ir«i^ 
■riinorra ■ 0! if Aavcisi^^niDi rpivfitu 
i^Jtfli.^'ar t!s t)jb 'Airlaii !t£<oSiT« alirait 
SoSi'ai anyyi'iitfrir iri rah fryi'ini/iii'ou. 

11. JV|X(Tpw'nrn: after the analogy 
Oi iv «^\ ■>:i«Tii iarl., C/.&T.Lgs.SO, 
S\-ns T^! 'EAAitBoi iy ToJi ywfuifli' tarir 

§ 184i 1. KoiVT) KaTiu)iuY^: com- 
mon topic with the orators, like onr 
Fciarth of Jiiiy phrase, 'refuge of 
the oppressed and down-trodden of 
mankind.' C/. Isocr. iv. in general, 
particularly g§ 29, 38, 54 ft. 


'TTpecr/Stio.L, Kara TToXets eKaaroi Trap TifiCiv tt/v ertunjpt'ay 

^vpT]crofi.€voi, vvv ovKert irepl Trj<; ratv E^X^vciiP ■fjyep.oi'la'i 
ayoivC^eTai aW ^Btj irepl tov rij^ Trarpi'Sos eSa^ous. 
*<al Tavff' y)jXLV <tvix^€0-i]K€u ef otov Arjuoa-Beinji; ets rr/p 
TToKiTeian napeX-^XvOtv. ev ya.p v€pl ratv toiovtiov 'Htrt'o- 
Sos 6 iTOiriTr]<; airoi^aiVerat, Xeyei yap wov waiSfvajf 
-ra ttX^Bt) Koi fJvp.j3ov\.cv<ov rats tt6\€<ti. tou? ■nai'rjpov'i 
* -rSiv 8r)iJ.ayti)yo>v pi) TTpotrSe^ea-dai. Xe'foi Se Kayo) to. 78 
^TTT}- Sta TovTo yap olpai ij/xa? iralSa? opTa^ Tas T&iw 
•vroi.TjTiii' yuapai iKpa-vOavtiv, iv' avSpe^ oire? ovrais 

TToXAatci S'^ $vpTTa<ra TToXis KafoO afSpos airQvpa, 
05 KW akiTpaiiq} Kal aTa-crdaXa pTjTLciaTai, 

6. fSo^ovt: AtlienB ehorn of her 
SloriouB galucy uf iIepond(>nciEa, i>ven 
X^aboes, IB now eoDleoding for that 
«acred soil from which her people 
sprung. The reeoUeetion of the nn- 
cient myth imparts a pnllioB lo this 


vrell II 

L Miter 

rfx^pi' ^*-P 'S "'''*■" «*' '"f '■'ii TilAeojt 
^Sif^ti. TliBl the fltruggle whb pushed 
%o each an eitreniitf Domosthenes 
aecribes to the malignitj' uf Pliilip, 
"nhile Aeachiiies here \nya It at the 
door of lier own Ltppaairt) in folluiving 
the lead of Demoallicnes. Cf. § 57. 

6. Kal TttvB' TJfitv ktA. : a fine csee 
of the argument, post hoc, ergo 
propter hoc. Cy. Arist. Mel. ii. 24, 

7. TTopAfiXuflcv; euggeeting under, 
handed procedure. The regular phratc 
nould be wpmiXSi'i 



8. dTo^afwnu : 

tdf. Cf.i. laS, 152, 153. SeeonJ: 
10, — Xi'yii Y((f) ireu: i.e. Op. 2*0 ff. 
The ftrat two verees of the pnesage 

Aeschinea had already applied lo De- 
mostheneB in it, 15S, 

S 135> 3, nU Tuv ironiTuv tvujibs 
injiovOcivtiv : Homer, Hesiod, Siuioni- 
des and Theognia ivere made the com- 
mon properly of Athenian achool- 
boya. (y.FIatoJVD(.316d; laocr.u. 
43. It can liardly he laclc of fami- 
liarity with Homer whieh prompts 
Aeachiuee in t. 14S S. to call for the 
reading of the passages from the 
Iliad by the elerk, while he quoted 
freely from Euripides without such 
assistance. Perhaps he wished to im- 
part to the Hnmeric pflsEage the for- 
mality of a document put in evidence. 
It is wortli noticing tliBt Lycurgua 
(juoteBfrom memory a!1 his selections 
from the poels, epic, elegiac, and 

5 ff. Verses 344, 245 are not in- 
cluded in tile quotation, because they 
irere aside from the speaker's pur- 
pose. —\vp^: mffrred HI from. Of. 
Aesch, Pers. 1)40, "iduBP jup iirijiipn. 
This sigtigf., which is later than Ham., 



TOto-tf 8' ovpav68ev fiiy' i-rrTJ-yaye vijua Kpovicav, 
KoL/j.oi' ofiov KOI Xtfiov, a.Troij>0a/ii$ov<TL Be Xaoi- 
^ Twu ye tjTpaTOP evpvf aTrtoKeaev ■^ o ye reij^os, 
10 ^ veaq ev -novri^ a.TTOTtvvja.i evpvoira Z€u<;. 
VAGeav wepieXovres tov ttoitjtov to p-erpov ras ■jTOj/ias e^- 
Tci^yjTc, olpai vpiv Sdfeti' ov iroi'^paTa 'HtrtoSov etvai, 
aWa ')^pri<Tp.ou ets tt^v Arjpo<T9evov<i TroXtreiav ■ Kot yap 
vavTiKrj Ktti ire^ri (jTpaTia Koi ttoXcis apSijc elaXv avqp- 
5 TTaa-fievac eV ttJs tovtou TroXtret'as. 
137 'AXX' ol/xat oiJre ^pvucovhai oiVe Eupu^aros ovr 

aXXo; ouSeis TTCOTTore toiv iraXat rroPTjpaiv Totouros fidyoi 
Kol yoT]^ eyeuero, os, 5 y^ /cat ^eol xai Sai^ovE^ Kal 
dvOptiiiroi, otrot /3ov\ea6e aKoveiv tolXtjOtj, toX/x^ Xeyeu* 

confidential agent, betrayed him to 

2. lUYK : this word of Peraian ori- 
gin fell early into disrepute, and wsa 
used BS nearly synonymoue nith yiiii. 
Cf. Soph. 0. T. 387, ifth ^iya, t«- 
6fti fiijxayoppiipoy. For Dvmtuthe- 
nes' protest against tlie appUoBtinii of 
thesu epithets to himaelf, cf. Dem. 
XTttt. 276, 5eithr kbI fiilTa Hal anfi- 

T-pirtpSs Tij ttrj) Til ir/HfJ^'f)' iaurf 
vcpl iwoa, Kal i)) Tuvft aSrui ^xbi^b- 

3. A : causal ; sc. otos oZtoi befoN 
it. — S Yf Kol Scot: common with 
DeniOBthenea. C/. xnii. 139, 158, 
204; XII. 311 etc.; a current form 
of asseveration una logo us to our 
' Heavens and earth ! ' Cf. tlie quot. 
from a comic poet in Ath. 674 d, 
<Ua' 'AX«Si<i!i!» Til- igpAv, 4 75 ifal 
Bvat, %v 71 AatfSoLif^wv ftoixiv hriBiiftfl 
KaBtiv. It is cbaracteriaUc of Ae»- 
cliiiips to enpand tbia appeal by the 
aildiCioD of SalfUtft Kol At^puTm. Cf, 

prob. arose from a confusion with 
similar forms of ^iraupfa-Ka/iai which 
had this signif. in Horn. Cf. It. i. 
410, Im tivTis iiradpuvTQi flnoiAflo!. 

g 186. 1. ircpuXa'vng ni fMrpov: 
but the oracles were promulgated in 
this same bexameter metre ! 

3. xp<|<nu>l': <:/■ Lycurg. g2, val tail 
JuKoCiTi rie ipxaiwi' iisft iroiiiTMi/ Sj-- 

IT raSE ra IB 

. The 

digreaaion, g§ 132-136, is now closed 
with Hue oratorical elfec 
§1S7. 1. d\VaI|uu: 
the illicusEion of the alliance with 
Thebes (§§ 138-151) which led to 
tile diaaater nt Chaeronea. — oStj 
^pwuvSoc oSti E!£p^paTDS : two men 
figuring in Greek literature aa pro- 
verbial icoundrels. C/. Plato Prol. 
327 dj Dem. xviii. 24. h'othing 
is known of what gave the Athe- 
nian Phrynondaa his reputation, but 
Harpocr,, s.i'. EupiBaros, atalos, giv- 
ing Epborua aa authority, Ibat Eu- 
rybalus, employed by Croeaua as a 


s /3\€JTtDV tt? ra iTp6a'<i)7Ta to. vfierepct, ai? apa ©rj^aioi 
Tr)v fTvp.fia)(iav iifuv «Voi7jiTa»T0 ov Sta toi' Katpoi', ovOe 
Sta Tov (fto^ov Tov TTepiaTavTd avrous, ouSe 8ta r^c v/ie- 
l 3S Tcpav So^av, aWa, Std ret? Arifioa-Bevov; Srjpyjyopiai;. KaC- 
TOL TToXXas /iec vporepou Trpecr^eia^ i-n-pea-^evcrav ets 0'>J- 

^patTv^ovXo'i 6 Ko\XuT€V5. avrjp cf f:*»jj8ats TricrTeu^ei? 
S fcj5 ovSels irepo^, TrnXtc Spda'aiu 6 'Epjfieu?, irpo^evo'; &v 

6, pX/iruv lit TD irpDironrci, ; >ign 
of impudence. C/l DeiD. iviii. 283, 
,Jra ail ipSiyrji jtoi flXfTfiK n'l ri tdu- 
T«|i wfiiim-wa Ti>\fi^s ; 

6 ff. Dv Sia riv Kaipov ktA. : dis- 
psragement of Demosthenes' influ- 

clear from the latter passage and 
D«ni.xrtii. 213,114 that the situation 
WBB not regarded at Thebes as com- 
pelliDg her to nn alliaoce with Ath- 
eni, and tliat this was onlj brought 
■bout through the mfluenco of De- 
mosthenes. Corraborative is Piul. 
Don. tS, iirr, nsI ^6Bot (ol Xoyur^ht 
■at xf^i* '«fl"A«i'v oiiToi.1 (i*.e. the The- 
baiii) /r8eijrTii»Tn! Irti toS \iiyau Tpii 
ri • . . . Jioiserffeai 91 rit ^KitAij- 
fffu axdirai vUh i\rroi' ir' iKili/au 
t6rt Tit BTiBala/t ft ris 'AS-ntalal'. 
There is, then, undoubted pertinence 
and justice in the reply to this earp- 
ing criticism in Detn. xviii, 213, tl ^h 
Ti ralr if6imr iirpixSTI, thy Kaipin, obk 
tfii ^mv alTisv ■yiiitfisBiu. Doubt- 
leas DemoBthenes lays too little stress 
on llie occasion, which, in Tien of tbe 
•Wad previously taken in the affair 
of Ampliissa (see on § 128. 3, irAi)" 
^i r^Atui), to those who could read 
OiB logic of it, pointed Thebes to 
Athena m her natural ally' Much 
mora sophistical i« the attempt of 
Aeschines to iliow that Athena was 

dragged into ibis war through the 
extreraily of Thebes and the Thehan 
policy of DemoslhcneB. Would he 
have his hearers forget Athena' dee- 
laration ot war (340 n.c) and tlie 
campaign around Byzantium and 
Peri n thus T 

S§138, 13». Curious a /orlrW ar- 
gument. " It these men with nalural 
advantages for pcrauaiiing 'i'helies 
failed, mneh more would Demos- 
lb en cs tail." 

g 138. 4. epoinlpoulLDi <! EdUv- 
Tivs: not to be confounded wilb 
the more telebratcd Tbrasybulus of 
Steira, wilb whom he was associated 
in llie oconpalion ot Pliyle and the 
Piraeus, lie had the misfortune to 
lose a aqundron in an attack by An- 
talcidns near the close of tbe Corinth- 
ian War. Cf. Xcn. Hel. v. 1. 2fl, 27. 
Tills was construed as treachery. Be- 
sides this he was acciued of over- 
turning the Theban constitution for 
money and depriving Athens of an 
allinntc with Thebes. Cf. Lys. sxvi. 
23 ff. He was, however, acquitted, 
and appears to have always Blood in 
pleasant relationa to Thebes. See 
Sehater, I. p. 129. 

5. epoo™*: c/;Dinarch.i.38, where 
Thrason ia menlioned in connection 
with Cephalus and others, who de- 
fended the independence of Thebes 


81. p, 

139 0»y/8aiois, AewSa/ias 6 'A\apvev^, ovx ^ttov Arjfj.oa-dei'ovs 
Xeycif Svud^Evo^ aW ifiotye koX ijSkoc, 'Ap)(eBT)fj.O'i o 
TIiJ\t]$, KOI SvvaTo^ tlTTeXv Koi iroXXa K^KLfdwevKO)^ iv 
Tij JToXtreta Sta ©T^ySat'ov?, 'ApiiJTO<f>(!)i' 6 'A^i^kicus, irXet- 
5 CTTOU J^'po^'ol' r^i" roG ^oitortafeti' uTro/AetVas at7tcu', HiJ/i- 
pafSpos o 'Ai'a^Xutmo;, Ss ert wat i-Ci' £jj. a\X' o/a&is 
ouSeis TiwiTOT€ avTOv^ iSvinjOrj TTpOTp£\l>a(T$aL ct? t^i' 
vjxeripai' <f>i.\iav. ro S' amoi' olSa p.4p, \eyfw S' ouoe:' 

AnrTTos a<^eA.o'^£uos NiVatav ©cTTaXoi? irape'Saxce, Kal toc 


KgainsI SpsrU. In the olliancG of 
AtEiena with Cetriporla. 360 b.o., there 
appears as a plenipotentinrj of Ath- 
ens [apdl-T^y ['EfU-'^!. CIA. II. 
66 B, p, 400; Ditienberger, Si/lloi/t 
I«!cr. Gruec. No. SO. 

6. Acu6(i|UH: cf. 1.69,111. Meo- 
tioned tn Dem. xx. 146 among the 

to Dec. Oralt. 111. B40 » CaeeiliuB 
makes him the teaclier of AeeciuneB. 
This is prob. a simple infcrpnce of 
CaeeiliUB from tbia complimenlary 
allusion to Leoilnmas, 

S 139. 2. liXX' f)u>i,f( Kal nSEwv: 
thifl ia not saying muoh for Leoda- 
maa. — 'Apx^ipw ' P^ob, idontical 
with the Arciiidamus of Plut. lie Gen. 
Socr,, 576 d, who BBfs Sit ifLoS fii)^ 


!1 fl^ Ko! V 

■I mn 

4. 'Apio-ro+iv: e/. Dcm.ivni. I 

BJljt i-rh T^! i/uuiraS yviiitTit fidrav to 
oa/i^i/pcir !nra\ttii.8irait, dAA' ti'S^i ' 
irrnf UVTB ks) T^tv EfflotAar rdyra 
Xpirot Bovhonlraii^ rpctfai TOiir);!' 
MIbx (.'.e. Tfjr irpii e-iBofoui). «l : 
>■ iro\Aijni 

See Scbifer, X 

6. niippavSpos : mentioned I. 84, u 
a digniSed member of the coDacll of 

the Areopagus. 

8. TO G' otnev : i.e. iBptt AciHiTpiitii- 
Cf. Dem. xriii. 18, tputbv fiiv S/uTt 
oltrai JitKtiffflf, fiffTt tuit^Bi /t)y floi- 
Xtffdat saSfjrai, B'nBal'"! f trictif if 
iipTiaS^ym irafloCffif off Tip (jTioci«" 
aaif iv XfiiHTpois, txii /HTpltet tKtxpili^o. 
A parliculnr exhibition of Ihi* inio- 
lence nas the destruction of Plalaea. 

§ 140. 2. o^HXn'iiivot KticEuav 8«r- 
TuXoW imp/EwKc Philip gained Ni- 
caen by the capitulation of Phalae- 
CU8, 316 B.C. This town, at the 
Locrinn end of Thermopylae, had 
been under the control of Thebes 
since the extension of Theban si 
prcmac; over LocriB. consequent c 
the victory of Leuctra. The tempo- 
rary occupation by the Phocians wis 
looked npon by the Thebans as niie 
of the chances of war. That Philip 
did not allow il to revert to them, 
but turned it over to the TheEsalians, 
extending the (errilory of tlie latter 
beyond Thermopylae, may welt have 
been looked upon by the Thebans a 
a grievance. SchSfcr, however. (11. 
p. 403J believes that it was the later J 



ir6\efiov oc TrpoTepov i^Ka<r€P e'/c 1^5 ^wpa? r^s Botairtu^, 
TOVTOV TTaXiv Tov avTov TToKefiov CTT-qyay^ Sea ■r>}s ^(okCSo<: 
S eV avrds ra? ©T/jSa?, «ai to TeXet/ratov 'EXaretai' tfOTaXa- 
^a>v i)(apdKtii(re Koi ^povpav tla-^qyayiv, evTavd' rjhr^, cVei 

TO ScifOV avTWC T^ITTCTO, p.^T€TT4fJ.\liaVTO 'A^TJI'CltOUS, Kai 

u/ACis i^i]\0€Te Kal eto"TjeiTe eis tcLs 07j/3a? Btea-Keuaa-fieuoi, 


dooian garriaon 342 n.c. wliicli allen- 
al«dIlieTbeban9 from Philip, and tbat 
Aeachinea is wilfuUy perverting the 

4. Tdv avTov irdXijiov: Aesehiiiea 
viahes to repreaeot Philip'a cruaude 
■gaiiiBt AmpbiasSi as a contiDuation 
of the Sacred War, in wlilch lie had 
put down the despuilera of tlie temple 
in Delphi. The form of the eipres- 
aion is nearly pnralleled in Dem, 11. 26, 
•M* oBtoii iyyaitiirias 'X^'"- ^o"'"* i." Siv 
in xpnTTuy ^oCAa TB irpi-y^ara ttJ! 
viheai yiyovtv, SA Ta&rvv ^Airlf.Tt 

Xf^uTi. ytriiveaBai : 

6. 'ESuiTtLav KaToXaPiiv : cf. Straho, 
ix. 3. 2, 'EAitTtia Si laaav jifylant Tay 
imZ&a nJAfut Ka] firuraipifeTdTTt iii 

tat Ti Thy 

fx^t^a TQi^T^i' ^x^'^ '''^ i/i$a\&s T&s 

,y *UKf Ja 


occupation of Elates waa prob. aub- 
aequent to Philip'a dee true tiou of 
Amphiaia and the annihilation of a 
detachment of Athenian and Theban 
mercenariea under Chrtrea and Froxe- 
Doa who appeared for ita defence. 
(y. § 146. 7. Dinarch. i. 74, ^ir! Si 
Tori {^11 rais th'A/upujirat ai'Miyt'im 
Opiityos 6 xpoSilTiit lyitito. Polyaen. 

B, *iK,m 

f ^1 1 

TTtfl irpmaTC^BiieTii, xal flu 
(■rai (tA. Plut. Dem. l&, *l\i 



pVc^o: c'l TJ)>< 'EX^TCiav {(alfvus iy(- 
Tcat. Demoathenea omits all men- 
tion of the affair at Amphisaa. He 
ia in1«reated in xvlii. 152 in proving 
that Amphiaaa naa only a pretext, 
and that Philip's advance on Athena 
waa as direut as posaihle. Aetchinea 
(§ 146) aeema to make it subseijuent 
to the occnpalion of Elalea. So both 
Grate and Schafer. But the fatuity 
of sending away 10,000 men to an out- 
post like Amphiaaa, when Philip nas 
in auch a threatening poai (ion, becomes 
GO great that we can hardly take it for 
a fact. Philip'a movements in this 
autumn and winter of 330-33B b.o. 
oere very rapid until he look Elalea, 
and awaited developmenta in Thebea. 
See on § izg. 10. Thia cooperation 
of Athens andThehea before the nego- 
tialion of a treaty ia indeed somewhat 

7. |imir/)i.i|iaVTo 'AB»ivatous ; can it 
be that Aescliines interprets the an- 
nouncement of the oecupation of Ela- 
tea, sent to Athena by Thebana of the 
anti-Macedonian parly, aa a aending 
for the Athenians? Bcmoathenes 
(xviii. 315) repreaenta the invitation 
aa coming only after a protracted dia- 
cusalon in the Thehan asaambly, in 
which he took a controlling part. See 
on § .37. 0. 

8. lUniHTi : Wfre marching into. The 
use of Ihe impf. is an endeavor to 
atretch the truth as far as poaaible. 
Perhaps Aeschinea refers to a move- 

i AI2XIN0Y KATA KTHSI*nNT02 140, i^i- 

Kal ol weCol KOI ot tTTTreis, irplv wfpl OTJ/i/xaxias fiCav 
14:\ fi6v7}v (TvWa^rfv ypd\pa.i A-fifjioa-0evr}v. 6 8' dadymv ^v 
vp.a.% eis Tas ©ij^a? fcatpo? Kai ^0^05 koa, xp^ta aup.- 
paj^ia'; aXk' oi ATj/Aocr^eVijs, cTTti irepC ye ravra? ras 
TTpofets rpta to. irdi/Toiv [LeyitTTa ATjpocrOevT}'; C15 u/iS? 
6 €^p.a.pT7}Ke, TTpbtTOv p.kv on 't'lXin'Trou rw /ici' ofo/<iaTi 
iroXcjUovi'To? u/Liti', Tw S' e/jyw itokv paXKov fucroviTO'; 
ST}0aiovi, at^ aura to. ■npd.yp.a.Ta SeSijXoiKC, koX tI Set 

ment of the AtbcDisn contingent as 
fur IS Bleusii at the suggestion of 
DemoBthenea. Cf. Dem, xtui. 177. 
The msTching of an Athenian army 
into Tliebes before an alliance waa 
formed would be incredible. That 
the succor rendered by the Atheniana 
nag aorprisinglj prompt is testiSed 
by Diod. iri. 85, ol ti BowtoI Rau^- 
eartts tJj» i^impa rfls tSiv 'kSrivaiav 
xnpoiiirfBi. — St«-KnHW|Wvoii : without 
the common addition At (iV p-i-x^" '■ <■'■ 
in military order, but aa friends. 

9. p,tav iio'vuv: exactly correspond- 
ent to Qur similarly emphatic 'ont 
ims?e sjUable.' C/^.J 192.8. Lycurg. 
67, xol ob TovTO Kor/it'iaBt (1 (I( tmi 
liiro! i Hfepawe!. Hom. Od. zxtit. 227, 

Slil. 1. 0' 8- tto-a'yoiv ktK.: tri- 
umphant Q. E.D, following upon, the 
reductio ad absurdatnto which 
Demosthenes' ati hh rht xatpir, g&Si 
ilk Thy fiB"" (§ [37. ft) has now been 

3. iml: illogical t what follows is 
m 00 sense a proof of the preceding 

4. Tp(a . . . (tt v\Lig J{i]|uipTi]iii : 
topic deferred at § 84 for the sake o£ 
t, chronological order. 

6. lep&TOv ^'v: before the correk' 
tive, tiirpor Sc, g 145. 1, there ia a 
striking recurreoce of ^f'v and Sc. — 

T<^ jvojuin : this could be lesa appro- 
priately said of the limesince 340 b.o. 
than of the long and desultory warfare 
that closed with the Feace of Fliilo- 
cratea. It ia proof enough of Aeachi- 
nes' perreraion of the facts that while 
Philip tried to win over the Thebans 
by ambaBssdora, we hear of no such 
attempt being made at Athena, unless 
Plutarch's (ipijinjiSt fx"""' ■""o" ♦'■ 
\(7nrDu (Phoc, i6j be 80 construed. 
See OD § 148. e. It is not unlikely 
tliflt an invasion of Attica lay in 
Philip's thoughts when he occupied 
Elates. On the other hand it must 
have been evident to the Thebans 
that their old status as independent 
allies of Philip must henceforth cease. 
If they cooperated with him further, 
it must be as subordinates. 

7. (ij aiM rd irpdnf^iaTa StSigXwKt: 
see on g 62 Jin. Philip's severer 
treatment of Thebes after Chaeronea 
may be accounted for hy the resent- 
ment felt towards old allies now 
turned enemies. His leniency to 
Athens after he had spent his wrath 
on Thebes is amply accounted for by 
the reOection that Athens was still a 
formidable naval power, and might 
remain so even after the destruc- 
tion of the city (as before the battle 
of Salamis), wliicli might have been 
no easy taslt. The destruction of 

I TO. TT? 


TO. TrXct'ot Xeyeiy ; ravra /xev to rfj\t.KavTa. to fj.iytBo'; 

■yevijo'eo'^at ou did to us Katpoug 

dXAa Siix Ttts awToS 
■npea-^eCa'; irparov p-kv (rvviTTUcn roc S'^/iOf /xyjKtTt ^ov- 
XeuecrSai eVl tiui Sei TroieZo-^at T^f <rvixfi.a.\ia.v, dW 
ttyaira;/ jiovov ei ytyverai, touto Se irpoXa^utv e/cSoTOf 
/ici' T^f BotwTi'ai/ aTTacrav eiroCyja-e 0T;^atot5, ypdi}ia<i 
<c TO* }jn)<f>i.a-fLaTi, eW ti? dt^ioTijrai jtoXis dn-o %-q^auav, 
fioTjOelv 'A9r}vaiov<; Botto70t? Tois eV Sij'^ats, tois oi/o/xatri 

Athens was doubtless farthest from 
the IhoughtB of Philip, which were 
DOW directed tawsrils the invasion 
of Feraia. Tlie coopemtion of the 
Athenian navj was well nigh essen- 
tial to the success of that enterprise. 
See Grate, XL c. 90, p. 313. 

9. dnKpv^iaTo : as if Demosthenea 
had a secret understanding of Pliilip'a 
plana which were prob. knnirn only 
la Philip himself. 

142. 2. y.i\Kin PoukivtrfoL (VI 
idn: cf. Dem. xvin. (78. jrw! xp^- 
ffdffflai T# itpifnten itbjjoi™,- jii 'ei- 
ffSoi eiiflalaiji iiTiSfv {aXrrxpii yip i tot- 
pis), i>,\' trayy4S.kfaeiii ^o'tfiietiv, 
iif icf\tiiaffti', a pnaaage which ebtnda 
out in grand contrast to potlineEs of 
the present utterance of Aesehines, 
and constitutes the chief proof of 
Demosthenes' claim that he acted in 
the spirit of the Athenians who fought 
■I Salaniis. See on § g^. 5. 

4. iidvov: aeems to have no proper 
lignificance unleas joined clOEely 
with the following, which would be a 
anique case. Analogous is the use 
with the imv. Cf. Plalo Gorg. 4B4 d, 
OX i.TBKii,i,u idsay. Eur. Cud 21t), 
liit *M KOTaTiris itiriiv, where it i a equiv. 
tpQe nnan nm/foreinmc/, — tovto; i.e. 

. . . &i|Pa(ois: a atrong Boeotia as a 
bar to Philip'a progress (parallel to 
'hig Bulgaria' as a bar to Russia) 
could only be Secured by a subordi- 
nation of the other cities to Thebea. 
This was a departure from the tradi- 
tional policy of Athens, which was to 
the independence of Thes- 
d Plutnea, on the same prin- 
n which Thebes in the day 
of lier power planted Megalopolis as 
ft ' thorn in the flesh ' to Sparta. Cr. 
Dem, VI. 30, where Demosthenes rep- 
resents his opponents as saying ^fXir- 
iTDi yjTTip tHiaiaff tit S^tU, fir rapj\- 
8ji, Ttpiiti, vol Btmriiis fiiv kqI flAa- 
Toids Tfix^fi, eijflafouj Si miirti Tijt 
SBiKoi!. That Aesehines tried to get 
PhUip to act in the line of this tradi- 
tional policy, as the latter was doubt- 
less only too ready to do, appears 
from 11. tig, ^yiyip »api tiMriri)! fih 

. 3ti 1 

e^Sal BoK 

' Sf«iui 

7. BouoTois T0E9 ^v ©ifPaw: this 
phrase of the bill was prob, intended, 
not as Aesehines insinuates, merely 
to put a fair face upon the action of 
the Athenians, but also to saggest to 
the really subjugated Boeotians (ipyit 


KkiTtTdiv KoX fi.€Ta^ip<iiv TO. TTpayiiaTa, winrep itcoOev, w? 

TOUS BottOTOUS CpyW KaKM^ TTd<r)(OVTa<i TtjU tSiU OVOflOTfiiV 

10 iruvQeaiv tSiv Arjfioirdevovs ayam^troi/ras, dW ov fia\- 
143 \of ei^' ots (caKws iTrevovOeaav ayavaK-rqirovTa.'; • SeiJ- 
repov Se niv ets toc TroXejLtoi' dfaXw^arwc ra p.€v Svo 
p-€p7) vpXv aviO-qK^v, ols ■^crac diroyTepu} ot Kt'i'Sv^'ot, to 
Se TpCrov fiepoi; ©i^^at'oi?, StopoSoKw:' €(/>' eKaorois tou- 
5 T<Dc, Kal T^c r/yejiOfCav rfjv p-kv Kara. daXaTTav eVoiijCTe 
Koii/jju, TO S' a.vaXiDp.a. cStoy vperepov, t^p Se KaTii y^f, 
et pi/ 8eZ Xi^petK, aphrju (jteptov dve5ij/c6 ©Tj^Satois, wo-re 

■riUBE ir(J0X''"'<><) ttiAt it ^'BB after all 
their brothers in Thebea who were 
leading tbeui on. It auggesta that 
Thebea ia now practically merged in 
Boeotia, The phraae diri SijiSaluv, 
which would counteract anj such ef- 
fect, can be no part oC the bill, but 
muBt be an addition of the speaker. 

8. <it ictA.: btcause, forsoolh, he 
thought the Beettians loovld be con- 
teitted leith, etc. Sis is to be taken with 
iryaTiioByTa.^ (acc. aba.. G. 273, 2. N. ; 
H. 974), and has the snme force as 
with other causal participles. G. 277, 
6, N. 2 a. 

&. Tijv T«v iSvo|uiTuv iriivBttnv ; i.e. 
the phrase. Bdi&itd?! tdTs iv e^Oait. 
Cf. Aeachines' description of Demos- 
thenes as (i hvaninay awyKilntiios &t. 
SpMTas, g 229. 8. 

$148* 1. SiVTtpov S^: correlntire 
with fiir in § 142. 6, 

2. rd Buo [u'p<|: for tbe art, <,vith 
nnmerala denoting a part of a whole 
number, aee H. 664. If Aeschinca 
here teila the Iculb, it would give es- 
pecial point to Demosthenes' allusion 
(xvui. 23S) to the Atheniana furnish- 
ing at Satatnia SinXJa-m tSiu liUuiv fit 

3, dWSiiNtV : prop, la^ a burden on, 

Of. Ar. Eq, 1D6Q, ml Kt yvwi, ifipo, 
ixdos, iwii Kir iriif itvBiln. Then of 
tbardeaofcare. Of. Ar. Nub. Ii52t., 
■tmrl Si' H^ai, 2 Nc^cAbi, ttt-rovS' lyA, 
5fiiy i.vaBtU Airarra rafiit irpd-ynara. 
Thuc. viii. Ex. 1, m-piiTnyiir alrri» (i.e. 
Alcibiades) tiBlis ttKotni kbI t^ Kpiy- 
^BTQ witra inTlBurav. Plut. Per. 33, 

7. it pii] Git Xijptlv : not to minci mat- 
ters. The same phrase occurs Dem. 
xviil. 297, except that /^i followa If?. 
See App. Similar yet not identical 
in meaning are Aesch. Pr. 504, /lii 
^iItt)v fJiiJnat S4Xur and Dem. Sviii. 
I5y, el fujSJc (uKa&rieeyTa riXijeJi tliteif 
S('di. — £p6i|v ^i'puv: the Atlieniana 
doubtless stipulated for as much con- 
trol of the joint land army as was 
conceded to the Boeotians in the case 
of the navy. Of a aubordinalion of 
Athens to the control of Tbehes tliere 
is not the slightest trace anywhere 
except here. It is not improbable 
that tlie stipulation as to the supreme 
command of the land army was 
drawn up as in Thuc, t, 47, 7, ij Jl 
tiJA.1I ii ^<Tiart/iitiBfi4rn TJji' iiyt/tvtiar 

ftv Si Toi Si(!i rail tAwc koikJ ffrpa- 

^^^^P AESCHINES ON THE CROWN 143-145. 151 

■ SI. p. 74. 

I Trapa. tov yeuo/xcvov iroXefiov /i'^ Kvpiov ytviuBai. %Tpa- 

I tokXco toc vphepov mpa-rT^yhv ^ovXeva-aaSai vepl t^s 

I 144r&Ji' (TTpaTLinTtiiv triuTTjpias. xal ravr' ovk eya p-ev KaTr/- 

I yopSi irepoi 5e TrapaKeCirova-iv, dWa Kayeii kdyco koI 

I Tj-atres iTTLTipaxri koX ipeiq (rvvta-Te Kal ovk opyilficrde, 

iKSLVo ycLp TreTr6v9cLT€ Trpos A7}poa-0euii)i' ■ (TvueiBLirSe 
5 t^Stj T6.8i,KijpaTa aurou aKoveiv, wore ov Oavpd^ere. Set 

Se ou;^ owTfDS, ctXX,' tiyai-a KTCif xai Tipoipfia-Oai,, el ^p^ 

Tli XotTTO, TTJ TToXet KaXw! ^x^iv. 
146 Aeiirepov 8e teal 77oXu rovTO jnei^oi' a.^iKTjpa. rjZiKrj- 

(Tfv, on TO (SouXeuTTj'pioi' TO Tijs TToXetDS Kai t^v Sijpo- 

KparLav apSijv eXaOtv {/(fteXopEvo? koX per^veyKev eU 

irio-aii Tari iriJXcirip. — av('OT|K< 61)^01 
OLC : gaina point by cuntrH^t witli 6^i 
ii'/a7|ic»i' line 3. 

8. irapa ; cf, § 37. 3. — ZTparaicXta ; 
Diad. ivi. Sj mentions Chares amJ 
LjEiclea as tlic Athenian generals 
But Polyaen. iv. 2. 2 mentionB Stra- 
tocles and ascribes to him the fol- 
loning words uttered in the drst 
cess of the AChenians, ail xp4 irasT^ym 

KaTaKkiiaunef els tSoKtSayliir. 

9. pouWdiurfai: dependent on icu- 
tHoi. GMT. 93, 1; H.952. 

§144. 1. ouK : covering the clauses 
introduced by fit't and St. /( is noi 
tnic Ihal I appear as an accuser while 
Blhcra fail to do so. Cf. Dera. iviii. 
288, nal oix i f^i' SWs "Stms, 01 BJ 

Tin T(T*XsilTIIK^TWV VaxipiS Nil UfApol 
i\\us TUS, I3(?). 179. 323; "I- 27 

and a full collection of examples in 
Rehdantz's Lycurg. 65. 

3. OVK jp7lt<^'= '•'■ yo'> aoiiuit 
him as often as ha is brought (0 trial, 
BeveisB side of Dem, xvrii. 249. 

4. vpos A'niU)o4i'vT]V ! usage hardly 

recognized hy the grammars and lex- 
icons, nearly equiv, to irpjs or Inr6 
with gen. Cf. Isocr. 11. 42, iXAi ir<- 
vMainr Sirfp ttpis Tabs roufliToEi'Tiit. 
Dem. iviii. 36, rJji. ^Jn iw^fl.ia* t!,.. 
irpit ©TjBa/oui xal etTToKoiis rf jtJAei 
7ti'tVeai. — D-wiCSurS) . . . oj Sa,ii)Ui- 
{(Ti : for the same representation of 
Demosthenea' faults as notorious, cf. 
§ S3, 175. Cic. Mil. 76 contains a 
similar description of Clodius, sed 



115. 1. AtuTtpoy Ei: see on irpv- 
Toji (ifji, § 141.5. Demosthenes' first 
crime waa the unfair terms of tJie 
alliance ; the second, his tyrannical 

2. n)v EiipdKparCav: recurrence of 
the keynote of the oration. See on 
§§ 1.3, 6. 13, 8. 14. 

3. IXoStv v<|»Xo'|uvot ; the supple- 
mentary partic. with \aiiSittiii has 
been hitherto used in the pass., of 
those who are Tictims of fraud, §§ 5, 
II. 35. The prep, intensifies the idea 
of fraud already expressed in t\a9fa. 





TT)u KaSfielav, rrff Koi.v<Dvtav twv iTpa.^&av tol^ Boiai- 

5 To.p^ai.<; (TvvOdfs.^o'i • KaX T-qXiKavrriv auro5 ouTal ^wa- 

imiav KaTecrKevaa-ei/, toor' -i)Br) irapiav iirl to ^rjfia wpe- 

tT^evcretv p.kv ti^-q ojrot. av avT^ ^oKjj, kov p-i] vp.^^ 

146 eK7rC||X7nj7€, ei Se rts avT<^ rwv a~rpa.Ty)yS}v avruTToi, kojo.- 

SouXou/iEfo? Tous ap^ovrai; koX (Tvvedit,iiv p7}8ev awr^ 

avTiXeyeiv SiaStKacriaf ei^ ypa\]ieiv t^ ^rjpari Trpo^ to 

Thuc. iv, 01, U. 

— <ttT^vKa£|M[<iv: hinting that thnt 
moBt extravagunt hope of theThebans 
■t the summit of their military po-wer 
woB DOW fulfilled for them by De- 
mogthenea. Cf. ii. io^,'EraiitinifSa!, 
aiX 4irD7rrft£ai Ti rif 'Afl^jvaiioii i(laiia, 
thi iia/ipitTir 4r Tf v>^ii$fi ran 8ii- 
Baim Sis St! ri t^i 'ABjIviilay iHpa. 
7r£\eais vpoiriXaia ftereviyKeiv eh T^r 

4. Tiiv KoiVBvtav ■ - . <rmBi\uvo9 : 
the proposal made by Demosthenes 
on the first appoiutmeot of arnhnssn- 
dora lo Thebes (c/ Dem. xvni. 178, 
^(t4 TttSra x"P'>T'"^'"^' ntAt6a B^ko 
rpiirBK!, "^ ToiflffBi Tolnaui Kupiatij 

^»7-i TUV 0T/JOTlJ'y»» Kal ToC TllTf J(7 

flaS/ftir «il(rii-c irol H? /{'Jaoi') looked 
loagrantingof special powers to sudi 
Hmbassadore. This would become 
more necessary after the campaign 
was aoluallj apened, Demosthenes 
was doubtlesa the controlling spirit 
among the ambaesailara. That he 
usurped some of the functions of the 
generals is not unlikely, lince he re- 
gariJed the whole enterprise as liis 
affair. Stanton's relations to Mc- 
Cleilan furnish a parallel situation. 

— Bounopxius ■ * council of thirteen 
members elected by the different 
Boeotian communities. Thebes fur- 
nished two of these members. Tlieir 
functions were prob. both civil and 
military. Tlie presidency appears to 
have been exercised in rotation. Cf. 

91, a. 2. 1, Tu. 30. 3. oi 
Iv e^flait ifixoyret, 5 151. 6, are prob, 
the same ofBcials. In reference to 
their military leadership, cf. Pollux, 
i. 128, atiBaiav Si rSiav aoianipxts Kal 
AaKeSai/ioylav BaaAfis. 

5. rvv9^|uv(n : concocting. Cf. Dem. 
xvni- 144, «B irpB7/ia mirrtSir SiitaSt. 
~- EvvmrTcUiv : see on riti SuvaiiTTdai, 
§ 3. 10. Ace. to Pint. Bern. iS, De- 
mosthenes controlled not only his 
feUow-ambiissadors and the generals, 
bnt also the Boeotarchs and the The- 
ban assemblies, i7rf)ptTeii' ii liii fiifor 

rat Ti rpoiTTiiTTifitiniv, i\Ai xal to6i 
BoiurifiX"!, Siomf'taBai Si rit /kk^ti- 
ain, aT<i<raI oiSiy frro.' Air' IxiIrM 
Tlfre Tctr ©nflafc.i' J| tJi 'AffTiraSur. 

6. irptirPiiiirEiv £irot £v airif Soxj; 
as it is not likely that Demosthenes 
ever Ulked to the Athenians in this 
way, it is prob. that Aeschines is 
giving a sinister interpretation to the 
fallowing reasonable proposition 
made by Demosthenes ace. to the 
Schol, iiTtixBoBiyrts roira l^tyir, Ira *IXnnroi padiiy Jti wpi<rBfis ri/i- 
jrofxiv VEfA^'^ Tohs ivT*po5iTC« leal inTt- 
irpicBlvaoiiti'au! ■ Boiko/tai KdBpa i/iSr 

S 146. 1 ff. «l K Tw 

. . t <|)i| -ypditiiv : Se is Correlative to 
i(V, § 145. 7, The two expressions 
hat are really balanced are vptaBfi- 
rtiy fxiy SipTj and SiaSirtatriav (*p^ ypi- 



Of. 1 


, w.^i>e,l> yip if 



Iv ■Ep,rpl, (.'™ 

^«<,t 7 

..V i(. 

iSv S-fxnMyti AoflfT 




oSIi;ial exaniiiier 




P a-Tparifyiov ■ ttXeuu yap vfia.^ ayada v^ eatrrov itftrj ttc- 

I e TTovBevai ■^ vno twv trrparTfySiv e« roO '7Tpa.rrjyi.ov, pL- 

uOo^opStv S' cc Tfti fej/iKM KcvaZs xmpai^ Kal a-TpaTLOiTiKo. 

)(pr)paTa KKl-nrmi', Koi tov<; p.vpiov<; fecous cV/xto^^wcras 

'A/xi^io"o"eOcri TroXXa BtapapTvpopepov koX a')(eT\i,d^ovro<; 

if Tais «'*£KX7jo"iaw e/xoS, Trpotrejatfe ^ipotv rov kCvBvvov 
14:1 airapacrKcvtii t^ TrdXet. T^ -yap ac oUirde <tC\i.TrTTOV eu 

4fiv, bolh inUaduced by Sarf. — roOt 
dpX**''^' - ^'■''' xiagUlrales. — GioSixa- 
rlav: tbis was a suit between riral 
clAimanti for an article which neither 
ot them had in poHseesion. Cf. Qek- 
ker, Anicd. I. 230, StaSucairdi - oix 
br/^ii irana Elct) SuiSuiaiila na>nirat, 

irrir, irif TpBg^Kii ftoAAov. See Meier 
and Scburoann, An. Proc., p. 471 IT, 
Snch a suit was that for nhich Lya. 
XTtt. was composed. From ' ques- 
tion of prior claim' to 'question of 
prior fault' (Deni, vTii.57) is an eosj' 
traDsilion. Here the 'question' in- 
volved ia one of Jurisdiction. — t^ 
Pi{)iaTL wpos To trTpanJYiiOV ; the otlier 
magislrndcs being silenced, it only 
remained to subordinate ' headquar- 
ters ' to the ' platform,' and the Tiipat- 
fli was coiQplele. 

4. irXilu "yilp . . . twv (TTpaniYM' : 
thii is hardly more than Dcmostlienes 
autually claims (xviii. 229 IT.). Bee 

6. nvatt x^^M - ^'''^ alleged re- 
porting (in collusion with the generals 
of course)of more men as present thnn 
were actually present, in order to in- 
crewe the ostensible pay-roll and put 
the surplus into his own pocket, may 
liave this basis of fact, thnt Demoa- 
tlieneg, in this crisiB, was not able to 
suppress, or even winked at, what wna 
doubtless a common custom in the 
merueoiirf armies of Athena at this 

suspected frnud, also sliured on occa- 
sions the profits of the 'ring,' the 
fault must have become well-nigh 
incurable. Similar corruption on a 
grand scale is said to exist in the 
Russian army at (he present time. 

7. TOvt |ivp[out {^vovt ^KpiUrSuirat : 
that little could be said in defence of 
this piece of strategy, which was prob. 
Demosthenes' own, is shown by the 
fact that no mention is made of it in 
his oration. The fact that this item 
ia mentioned after tile occupation of 
Elatea does not compel us to aban- 
don the chronology adopted on g 140. 
5 ; particularly as Acschines himself 
here puts it in a time when be had 
not given up the hope of a successful 
opposition to Demos 1 hen ea. 

9. ^^v: see on § 82. 8. — irpwrt'- 
^i{c Tov kIvSuvov t^ woX(l: inversion 
of Find. 01. i. 22, <ipiTn Si irptii.Vi£t 

10. liiirafKuriHvi)) : carries the main 
emphasis. '" Demoslhenea' reckless 
waste of the detachment of 10,000 
mercenarie.i left Athena without the 
proper force at the crisis," 

§ 147. 1. t[ ■yop £v Olwrft *anr- 
TTOv . - - (C^oirilai: form of demon- 
stration current since Homer. Cf. II. 

54 AI2XIN0Y KATA KTH51*nNT02 147- 

St. p. 

TOts ToT€ Kai/jois cv^acrdai ; ov xcopU /xfv jrpos rrjv 
TToXmKrjv Suva/All' j(iMpts Se tt/jos tous feVovs Stayui'i- 
rracrdai, a^u/xous Se tou? 'EXXT/vas XayServ TTjXttcavn^? 
6 irXijy^? TrpoyeysmjiJ.epy}^ ; Koi rt)\iKovTotv KaKwv amos 
■yeyei/i^/xo-os Aij/xocj^ei^s ou»c ayaTTo. et ^^ St'mji' SeScu- 
Kei/, aXX' El fi,-^ Ktti j(pv<r^ crTct^tu'tu OTt(j}avoi$T]iT€Tai, 
dyavaKTii- ouS' iKai'oi' eVtii' airw ivavriov vfiSiv lajpvT- 
T€(r6au a\X el fs/f) rHiv EXk-qviov ivavTiov di/appijOyjae- 
10 rat, T0C7' tjStj ciyai'aKrer, ourws, cIis eotfE, irovr/pa. 
^ucris /xeyaX');; e^ouo-t'as £iriXa^op,ivy) Sij/ioo-ias dircpyd- 
^erai trv/x^opas. 


L 256, i| «J| TJiP^rrai npfa/ioi npij/ioni t( 
iralifc. Dem. viii. 20, tW ft ArAisrot 
fcf etiaiTO ToIi fleor,, raSf flfiit T.fii 
itSiSi irpiTTBViTI' I XVIII, 176, irpdiTo* 

3. tdXitiici^v Gdvoiuv; ci'fuen sd- 
diers of Alhins. Cf. § 98. 2. Equiv. 
to oiKtfiuv OTpeTiwTwi', Dem. IV. 44 and 
^rpot Ti riKiat, iv. 45, The Athe- 
niauB were now tliorauglilj' aroused, 
BDd liHd adapted Demoatlieiies' sug- 
gestion (rf.sriit. 177) ot a wholesale 
anliBtment (Toit ir ^Amdj) though he 
had received many a rebufE before 
for Buggesting even the mildest form 
of personal military service. Tiie 
balancing of this phrase with -robs 
{c'voi'i would seom to imply that the 
whole mercenary force was in the 
affair at Amphissa, and only citizen 
soldiers in the Boeotian campaign. 

4. diBv')iavt : the reverse of this, 
Philip'B courage to seize Elatea and 
enter upon his groat aggrcBsive eam- 
paign, is ascribed by Plutarch (cf. 
I.e. on 5 140, 5) to this affair. 

6. irXtiyq!: the metaphorical use 
of the word is mostly poetic. 
6. d^airf : of freq. 

AeBcbines. Cf. §§ 20. 7, 141, 4, 10, 
160. 6. — ([ )jii] &(ici)v Ei'GgiMV: in 
irtually causal relation to i-yair^. 


The SI 

the two following prota. and iI iia- 
Aei^Moera., § 149. 4. Cf. laocr. XTi. 
49, iii\im' irl Toireis iyswaifra, *po- 
■nr ftii: (I TDuTfj Siiea Umir, SfiTtpar 

Tialai tih ixiya Sufi\atTai, iyii f tt 

10, tovt' -^Si] d^avaKTit: close of a 
must successful climai. "From barely 
escaping deserved punishment to de- 
manding an unheard of distinction it 
a giddy flight. But Demosthenes is 
indignant if he fails even of thia lait 
distinction." The repetition of irya- 
vaicTc7 contributes not a little to the 
effect. TouTD is the emphatic word. 
IjSil (rf. § I59_/Jn.) marks Demosthe- 
nes' haste as unseemly. Different ia 
Dem. iviii, 193, Kol -rir' fijij Kartryip" 
('then and not till then'). iyaramtTi' 
is a favorite word with Aeach. Of. 
§§142,144. — usImm; usually bitter 
(c/.§i52/n. Dem. ivin. 203): often 
ironical (r/, § 150. 2. Dem. ivin. 21a), 

11, G>]|w>r(as rv)i^pds: i.£. not 


TpiTov Se Kol Twc TTpoei.pTjfj.fvav ^eyttrroi' eortv S 
/leXXo) Xeyav. <t>i,\CTnTov yap ov Korai^pofouiros tZp 
'EXXt/ccoi', owS' a-yvooGfros, ou y6.p ^v arru^'eros, on irepi 
^S>v VTrap-}(6pT0>v dyaBuv if ■qp.ipa.'i piKp^ pipu Sia- 
-ywcteiroi, »ta,t Sia raCra fiQvkop.4vov TronjaaG-Oai tv)v 
tlpijvyjv Kai Trpeff/Qeias aTToarcXXeii' ^LtcXXowo?, wat twj/ 
ap^ovTOiv tS)v iv ©Tj'jSats <^ofiovp.4v(iiv top iniovra, kIv- 

merely the loss of the 1 
tut also llie public disgrace in- 
cnrred by crowning the unworthy 
man who had caused that loss. The 
preceding climai ia conatracted to 
lead up to Ihia aeulciilioua utter- 
ance which cloaca tlie topic in Aea- 
chines' usual manner. — dirtp^ott- 
Toi: a general sentiment, "aach li- 
cense always worka out audi liiaas- 

S 148. 1. Tpfrov: tlie third crime 
was the rash forciug of the combat 
when Philip hesitated. — ^yvmv : 
notice the climai in the three crimes 
(5 145. 1, S.i,ip«, /..Ifo.). rot all 
three are called iriii^flFi' fi^yurra at the 
outset (5 141. 4). 

3. omSvfTot: as Demoathcnea liked 
to represent him. 

4. jv i)|u'pai |UKpi^ |u'pai : mirrored 
in Plut, Dtm. zo, iy ^('^ei ixitpif ;iiar 
4>i^aT, where tuv uvo^^i^^'tup &.ya6uv 
are more nearly apecilled in t^i tit- 

6. pav\«|u'vau iro»j(r<X<r6aii niv flpi[- 
ni*: this deaire ia asL-nbed by I'lu- 
tarch to the effect of Dcmoatlienea' 
oratory. C/. Plut. Dem. 18, oStco 
ii fiJya Kol ^ativpiv iipdnj Tfj tdD 
Urapos tpyov, S/aTS t6v fiiif ^iKimiov 
fliBiit iiriiaifiiKiitirSal iiifi^yar elpij- 

and above tbe embnaay already 
aent to Thebes to induce it to Join 
in a campaign against dtliene, de- 
acribed Dem. xvni. 311 ff. The 
ward liiKKoyros would proTe, in spile 
of the passage jtut quoted from 
Plutarch, that the embassies were 
not sent. Aesehines wnulil not un- 
derslaK Philip's efforts in the direc- 
tion of peace. It is not unlikely 
that Philip insiiuiatfd that he was 
anxious for peace in order to in- 
duce the Athenians to make the 
first actiml overtures, repeating the 
ridiculous ailuation of 346 b.c. This 
supposition accords well with Plut. 
Phac. \f>, fipljl-wflj Ix^mas toS *iXfii- 
*Dv. It Philip had made a bona 
fide offer of peace, and had been a 
man in whose word Athens could 
truat, it would have been criminal 
for Demosthenes to open the cam- 
paign without a well-grounded confi- 
dence in the military superiority of 
the allies. All (his is assumed by 
Speiigel (^VeTthtidigKiig des Kteti- 
pkon, p. G3) though it is far more 
thsn even Aeachinea asserts. See on 
§ H'- 5. 

7. ^Ki^auii^Vfrn' : c/. Plut. Dem. iS, 
where one effect upon the Thebans of 
Demosthenes' speaking is given in 
the words Surrt tfiSBof inBa^iif. Dem. 
iviii. 213 gives the same picture of 
fear at Thebes. 

66 AI2X1N0V KATA KTHSI*nNT02 148-150- 

Swov, eiKOTdJS ■ ov yap p^Tcup a.a-Tpa.Tevro'i koi Xiiraiv 
T7}v rd^iv avTous ivovOiTrjiTti', a}X o ^(ukikos ttoX^^os 
10 Se«e77;s yeyocco?}U70v iraiZdav avrovs iitalhivt 

rous BoioiTtipxai; VTronrevaa'; /xe'Wetc elpy}vy)v iZi 
iiirdaL y^pvaiov avev auTOu vapa. ^iXimrov Xa^oi/ra?, 
afiiojTOi' ijyj^cra/ievos etwat et tivos aTToXai^^T^creTat Bo}po- 
6 SoKi'as, araiTTjSTjtras ei' Tij CKKX-ijcria, ouSeco; avOptoTToiv 
XeyovTos oii^' ois Sei ironLaBab itpijirfif ovO' ojs ou Set, 
aXX." ws K^pvyfid n tols Bo[(uTap;^a,is irpoKTjpvTTtnu dva- 
ISO^epeiv auT^ to. ^^^pTj rcoc kyjppaTtov, SiafivvTO ttjv '\$t}- 


8. (trnfrnt' Y<ifi: comnioii collocs- 
tion of llie orators. Cf. § 10, 3; 
Dem. Kviii. Z04, tldiiTHi- tls yip ook 
hv ayiiatiiT'i t5w itvipiav iitflvwf tt^s 
iptT^j; It ocoura nine timea in Ly- 
curg. (one oration). — (hJTWp dirrpd- 
TdJTOS tal Xiiriiv ttJv Tcifiv: fie* on 

5 'ji. I- 

9. ^KiKOt iroXiiutc : c/'. I'lul. Deia, 
iS, ^Ti T»*' iuKlnuy TpaifftiTiov teapoy 

10. iraiEtfav: see on § 2. 4. 
gl4». 4. dpiBTOv: TiDf worth liv- 

in'j. Abe. ai liere, Plato Rep. 407 a, 
ol iraynaiii^tyif i7r*xe<rflni iS/aiTov. 
In Bgreemeat witli Stas, Hem. 


■ fff.. 


poGoKlai: AcfichineB injuroB liia case 
by imputing impossibte motives Co De- 
roostltenea. The insiniiatiun against 
the Boeotarclis is prob. eqnBlly un- 
founded. If, lioweTer, the Utter, 
with an eye single to the interest of 
Thebes, were ahout to make a sepa- 
rate peace (>8ff), as Aeschinee asserts 
DemoBtlienea to have suspeeleil, the 
TehemencB of the latter needs no 
ampler justifieation. 

5. iv rg /iiKX,T|irl9 : a reference to 
S 3j6, 4 and Pint. Dem. I.e. on g 145. 6 
might eeem to make tbiB refer to the 
Tbeban aseembiy. It is bIbo clear 
lliat Pljilip was malting overtures of 
peate not to Athena but to Thebes. 
But aincG conduct like that described 
in § 15a. 4 i. would be impoBBible in 
ThebeB, the meaning of the pasgage 
proh. is that Demosthenes was Epeak- 
iug in the Athenian assembly, Imon- 
ing that the report of his speei^ti 
nould produce an immediate efFect 
iu Thebes. 

7. irpcKT||niTTNv ; of a public offl- 
uial command. Cf. Soph. Ant. 461, 
wnl (iij irl TpoiiK^pn^iii, ibid. 34, TaSra 
ToTai fiij ftSi^ir cro^^ irpomtpi^orra. 
The corresponding subst. is, as here, 
K^jHO-^o. Cf. Soph. Am. 8. The im- 
plii^ation is that the honest Boeotirchi 
misunderstood the order to divide 
the spoils, and ao the campaign be- 
gan, contrary to Demosthenea' real 

§ 150. 1. SiilfivvTa -ni* 'Ah|vdc: 
cf. Diiiarch. 1, 47, <jriwpKn«ii /ih rit 
if/ii-is fleni h 'Apflie Tiyv tnl Toit llA- 


vav, ^v ais cotxe ^etStas ivcpyoXa^elv €lpya(TaTo Kat 
ip€inopK€u' Arjfj.ocrdei'ei, ■^ fi.y]v et tis ipei at^ XPV ^po^ T6 
^C^iiTTrov elp-i]in]v TTOfqaaaOai. dird^uv eis to Z^tTpoyrq- 

tfiwvTos ■noXiTeiav, os cVt tow Trpoi AaKeSatpouCovi tto- 
Xe^liou, (is Xeyerat, t^c iroXtj/ aTrtiXetrcf. ws S' ou Trpoa- 
(iX^ov auTW 01 apj(0V7€i; 01 ev rat? ©Tj^at?, aXXa Kal tows 
trrpaTiaras tow? u/itrcpous TrttXti' dvearpaliai/ i^e\t]\v66- 

trriy. The prep, in the compound 
makes il a strong oath, prob. accom- 
panied by an imprecnlion of t^iiKua 
upon the speaker. See an § 99. &. 
For a similar use of tlic ace. of the 
divinity sworn by anil Itic following 
inf., ef. Xen. An. vi. 6. 17, ^'^vi/^i Sfovi 

AtCru i^tXiaBiii -riv ivSpa n^i iKXai' 

2. ^v 4ti5(iK tlpr^iraro: prob. the 
celebrated chryselephantine statue in 
the Parthenon. Yet it ia not unlikely 
thai the speaker had in mind the ref- 
erence of Dem, xix. 272, f the bronze 
Btalne of Athene Fromachos. — us 
(dlki: see on § 147- 10, — infrfoka- 
Palv: see on g 33. 4. Note the force 
of the prep, tv in this word and in 

4. (lirat«v: as a tnalefnctor caught 
in Jlagranle dtliclo. •• The term iira- 
yttyii was ftpplieii to the proseculion 
of criminals taken in the act and at 
once brought before the proper au- 
thority." Schiimann, I. p. 478. Cf. 
Hyperid. Euxen. Co!. 22, i-wayayTit (i(ia 
foul- ipxil -riiy trSiKi xnefrrvHf. 

0. EXm^ifKnit iro\iTt(av : rf, 11. 76, 


Tin Tpdx"*--'' 



latter passage, following the state- 
ment of his execution by the Thirty, 
iAA* ifio/s Kal 3ii tovs tojo^vi/i mpyl- 
{kiSi tdIi TpiiKoura, Sti ci Tan atimj- 
ttirvv tBiKa iAAit iiiiri ariaiv aiiToiii 
iTfKT(tni.v. This and the repealed 
jibes of Aristophanes (r/ Rnn, 870, 
1504, 1532) would not prove him to 
be more contemptible than Cleon, 
On the contrary, Lys. six. 48 speaks 
of him as a sort of Aristides or Ly- 
CUrgus : K.>^taipiivTa Si nimes Xart, 
in woKKi Cti) SifX'ipi" ■^ t^i rictus 

^^s ipxSi i'x*"'* SmSandToi !' auTov 
oSSa>ioD J^Ah ti xpVoTa, iAAi mil fli 
■]rpoirl\Kiivres inaXoymiitivias irJrtiTis <i- 
oiv. He was an impetuous man, and 
made the mistake, only discovered 
after the event, of rejecting the over- 
tures of peace made by the Spartans 
after their defeat at Arginniae, and 
ao bringing on the complete hamilia- 
tion of Athens in the following year. 
See Schol. on Ar. Ran. J533. The 
parallel between Demosthenes and 
Cleopbon would have lent itself to 
Aeschines' purpose wilhout prevari- 

8. ot£px°''">' '■'-^"•"■"ipx'"- 

9. irrpaTiuTM TOvt v^iWpovi av/- 
o-Tpntdv : rather remarkable contrast 
to the description of Dem. ivm. 



iravTci'rracn.p €K<f>pQ>v (yevero, koX TrapeXOtiiv iwl to ffTJfia 
wpoSoras Twp 'EKXyjvoji' dxefc<£\ei, tcai ypdilteii' €^jj t|»ij- 
(}) 6 Tots TToXe^iots ouSe7rcoTro7' di'Tiy3\e'>/'as jre/iTreif 
6 v^a; wpeV(8«ts eis Oij'^o,? atnjVoiTa? SioSov eVl OiXtTr- 
TTOf. vTrepat.a-)(yu6a'Ti<i Se ot ev ©i^/Sais ctpj^oiats /i^ 
Sd^tDO'ii' tus d\r)6w$ eZfat TrpoSorai Ttui- 'EXXjjV&jj', diro 
/i^v TTj! elpTJvr)^ drreTpaTTOVTO, inl Se t^i' napaTa^tv 
153 'Ec^a Si^ xat t5v aya.9uiv av8p(0f aftoi' i(mv im- 

p.vr)i70ijvai, ous outos d^uTtoi- Kai aKaWitpijTcuu ovrav 
rSiv iepwv e*c7re'/ii/(as eVl. 701* TrpoSi^A.oi' kiVSuvoi' eVoX/iTjo-e 
TOis SpaTTCTats TTOcrt Kot XeXoiTTOcrt t^v raftf di^a^Sd? 

{ 161. 2. fK^paiv ^Y^viTo: the 
fkcts being aa Aeschinea puis tliein, 
thia item nould be greatly to Demoa- 
theuea' credit, 

3. irpoGoTat ; prtd. ; ie, avTois, it. 
the BaeDtaruhs.--dir(Ka\»: for the 
impf., see on § 118. T. The prep, in 
this compound, meaning sti</mali!ir, 
bad originatl}' the same force aa >□ 
dir(TifAf>a, § 131. 4, withoal resei-ce. 

4. a Tolt iroXtnlow itX. : aee on 

! 17s ". 

6 S. vmpfLurxwSi'vTtt kt\. : so, 
even ace. to Aesiiliinpa' own repr«- 
sentatioii, it was Difmoatbenea' talk 
that produced the final result. Am- 
cbinea seems to have fallen out of 
the role which he took up at § 137, 
and played with euch cameatnese 
until he reached iwtl, § 141.3, (/.i: 
Sections :49-i5i produce the most 
unpleasant impression of any pari of 
the oration, and cannot have im. 
pressed the jury favorably. 

§§ 162-158. AmpliJicatiBn (like 
§5 130 ft.), doling the discuiiian of the 

third ptriod af Demoslheiitt' polilical 

§ 152. 2 f. oAvTw . . . KtvBwov; c/. 
S 131.2,3. The repetition of phrases 
is characteristic of Aeachinea. Com' 
pare S Hi- ^ with § 139. 6. A collec- 
tion of examples is given by Blau 
(_Atl. BeredEoiakeil, III. 3. pp. IW, 
195), accompanied by the remark 
"So schreibl kein Stilkiinstler." 

4. Gpatr^Tais : in prose mostly as 
subst, Cy. Dinarch. i. 82, h na 

TrpirSmaii JpaBfTiji iirrlf. Prob, CMT- 
rent in popular speech in its origi- 
nal adj, aigniflcation. Cf. Ear. Or. 
1468, Spardrrii, yip i^Jx^trTor ix M- 
^»y riia. The contrast with itittner 
apiT'iir is effective. On Demosthe- 
iipB- flight at Chaeronea, cf. Plut. 
~ liixjl loA^v aiSir 

3ui' JhoA 


oh .r« 

oiJt t)ji' iwiypo'l'iii' T^i icTrlBos, dii 


fjLeu TO. fieyoKa Koi crjrouSaTa rtoc irpay/jLaroip a-vOpioiratv 

o-xpT^cTTOTCLTe, wpo<i Se ttju iv rols Xdyots roXfjiav dav(i,a,- 

cteirare, e7rt^\eipTjcr«ts avriKa [idXa, ySXeVwi- €is to, tov- 

' TOtv Trp6(TQ}na, Xeytw tus Sei (re eVi rats ■nj'i irdXetus 

iO (rvfi^opali (jT€<j)ai'ov(rOai : dc o oiros X^^, u)x€t? uwo- 

|, ^evcire «ai cui'aTro^acetrai tois reXeunjaairif, wy coiKe, 

VS Kal V] vp-eripa. p.vqp.'q ; yiv^crd^ S*; /xoi piKpov xpovov r^w 

|l Sta»'' jLi^ ill Tw BtKa(rn}pl(ii dW if tw Oedrpo), koX 

vofiiaaS' opav wpo'iopTa TOf KiqpvKa koX ttjv ex tou >|n/- 

<^t(r/xaro? avdpp'qdiv p.^Wovira.v ylyvea-Oai., koI Xoyicra- 

The con Aden a e expresaed by the 
Atheaiana in electing Demoatfaenes 
to speak the funeral oration over 
the dead breaks the point of tlieee 
thrusts. Cf. Pint. Dem. 21. See on 

C. iKMlvav: remrtrkable case of 
transilion from rel. to dem. within 
Ihe same (clause. The transition is 
faeilitateii hj the length of the clause. 
Cf. Xen. liter, vi. 1, M/^-lial o-oi «i- 

jwrwi tymiiaif, alaSiwaiiai oTipJ^ti'Di 
WTsv. Different are the trnnsitions 
in §§ 1 18, 211. — ■! irpos . - . Siiv|MKrii- 
mrart! eSeutive A^aidrruror, cited 
inth admiration bj Alex. (Spengel, 
Rhil. Graee. IIL p. 36), kAtitikJi yip 
rriris At" ifipaHptiir r&y itiiAiiii' Tf- 
TaHToi. (^ ibid., pp. 160, 1S9. The 
Inller half is quoted by 1'luts.rch, 
I'^-m. 9. 
8. Ph(ir»v (It nr\. : cf. § 137. 6, 
13- I] J|MTipii piViT|n|: emphatic by 
position, closing the period irith De- 
moithenic effect. 

this figure, BiorilirBffii (see Spengel, 
Bhtt. Grofc. in. p. 25), is B favor 
ite with Aeichin«a. (Jf. §§ 157, 180, 
i86, 244, 157. It ia one feature 
of his pathetic style. Cf. §§ 133 ff. 

Volktnann (_Bhet. der Gritch, und 
Rom., p. 417] calls this appeal eido- 
lopoeia, not tlasBifying it as a figure. 
For the const, of iiiromr, cf. i. 179, 
nai Ttti ifuxii ^*' iTfpaif T^iirffPf. Dem. 
l:i, a, Hi/Si litS" iripuy t^v yninTiv yt- 
fifirmi. Thedat. is used in the same 

7. fiminouinv: used 
the poet. C/. § 204. 
farce of the prep. Ir!. 

8. d'YVU|UM)-uPi] : opp. of luyraim- 
autq, § 170. 7 ; not merely an Jntellec- 
luat but a moral fault, calloumeai. 
Cf. Dem. XTiJi. 207, Tf Tijs rdxris 

§ 154. 2. "EUigv : possibly a fling 
at Demos tbcneB, who is described, 
§ 172. 10, as iti T^i ^ijTpii 3<i6dtis, 
Bip3apB! (AA.Tji'lfon' Tp ^iSiTJ. — inuStv- 
ttU : see on aliSffuis TOiJtiai fLtrti^x^ 
His, §117.5. 

4. dkrnvp «!»(: the supposition of 
§ J53 is still kepi u[>. 

. 2 of 
te the 


leO AI2XIN0Y KATA KTH2I*fiNT0S IS3. "54- 

5 <TBt TTorep' outrBf tows olkeiou? tS>v TeKevrrjtrdi'Taiv 
ttXcwo SaKpva a^-qa-ctv ini raw Tpay^SCaii xal toZs 
TjpojtKoi^ irddccTi Tois p.€Ta. ravT ineia-iova-ti/ ^ iiri T^ 
ISlrijs TToXeeits a-yi/w/AOtrurp. Tt's yo,/) ovk ai' aXyTjo-etei' dc- 
BpniTTOi 'EK.Xtjv Kal TTatSfvdeli i\tv6epuit^, d^a/iioj creels 
o* TO) OetxTp^ iK^ivo ye, et firjBev inpav, ori raurp ttotc 
7^ 7}p,€p^ fj-eWoiTiov wfTircp vvui tS)V t pay utooyv yi/yve- 

5 a6aL, or' ^iuofitiTO fiaXkov 17 ttoXi? *tat ySeXn'oo't irpoaTO.- 
Tats i)(piJTo, irpoeXOajv 6 lajpv^ teal TrapaoTTja-dfia/o^ tow? 
op^auovs oiv ot TraT€p€'i rjaav iv tw 7roXc/i.&) TtTeXci/nj- 
KOTes, viavitTKov; navonXu^ Kf.Koup.rfpivov^, iK-rjpvTT^ to 
jcaXXicTTou K^pvyfia kcli irpoTptimKotTaTOv irpos apt-rqv, 
10 OTi rouo-St Tous veavt'cTKOus tov ot Trarepcs creXeynjO'ai' 
tv Ttp TToXep.(ir acSpes dya^ot yecd/iEfOt, f^^XP'' /*^ '^^t]'* 
6 S^/ios i&pt\ps, wifl Se KadonXicra'; rpSe rg TravojrXi'a 
d^tTjCTii' a.ya9^ ^"XO Tpeir^adai ivl to. iavrSif, kcu, KaXei 
from tliis care with JmpreesiTe cere- 


E. wpomiTcut : c/ Dinarch. 1. 76, ft(» 
hBtij ffiBTtlplo Hill irdAesji Ka! Wiiovi ^otI, 

iiroii JbIuc Ti/xfi')'> "here from the con- 
nection the word is equiv. to otjkitjj- 
7ii(. The meaning cAnwi/iion (cf. Dem. 

iMvSipiiLs), with an allusion to the 
daye when, before the present sys- 
tem of mercenary soWiers came into 
vogue, citizen fathers used to fall 
in battle leaving orphans, is tempt- 

7. dpi^avaiit; this care of children 
of citizens fallen in battle, said to be 
an ordinance of Solon (Diog. Laert. 
1-55), is mentioned by Pericles (Thuc. 
ii. 46), Hyperides (Stob. Fior, 124. 
36), and Plato (.Vftnei. 248 o). These 
wards of the stale on attaining their 
majority (see on § 122. 8) were at the 
succeeding Great Dionysia discharged 

a. -irpoTpinTLKUTaTov irpoc opcniv: 
cf. I. 191, Ti Tain yfaiv fii^iC^aTa tr' 
ipnijv itpoTp4'iaTi. Lycurg, 10, roit 

•iiTi. Aeschinea is fond of represent- 
ing eihortfttion to virtue as his affair. 
Cf. t, 117, where he calls his own 
speech irapcficXTjirii toSj- i-oAitcoi' ipii 

T^; ^toippatr&vjts raptSjcKTjffiy 5i& t^i tc^I 
Ti^ui/iXov Kpiafuii ici^t-Airrut ahraiis vs- 
pn«lit\T]Ka. This gives point to Dem. 
JCVIII. 127, ffol ii o/ifT^i, i xiSapiAa, 

11. vi\ft TiPn*' ^^"^ loosely in- 
eluding the two years of t'^TjB'ia.. See 

13. iytten TiixTI : vith <• ' Cod Wbm 
you.' Common motto, used as an in- 
scription on Demosthenes' shield nX 


St. p. Tl 

ISSeJs trpoeSpiau. Tore fieu ravT cKtjpvTTEv aXA' ow vvv, 

iWa irapatrrqa-dfi.euo'i Toy ttjs opi^acia? rot? waifTiv ai- 

nov Tl TToT avtpel; koX yap daw airra Steft'i; to. e« tov 

^^itr/iaro? vpoaTdypaTa, dW ov to y' ck t^s aXij^eta? 

actrifpoi' cr«ii7r»Jcrerai dWa. rdvavTia. Sofei t^ toO kt^- 

/ji/fcos rj>ii>vrj tjideyyefrdab, otl TocSe toi' ai'Spa, et S^ Kal 

OMTOS dfrjp, iTT€(f)ai'ol 6 S^/iOS o ' A.6rjV0.Liiiv dpeTrj? eviKO. 

, Toy KdKiiTTOv, dv^pa.ya9ta% tov dvavBpov koI XeXoiTrora 

fiGT^i/ rd^LP. pv] irpos Atos tcai ^ewc, cS oi'Spe? 'A^vjvaioi, 

' TpOTTOtoi' LtTTaTi d<ji' vp(i)v avrSiv Iv ttJ tov Alovv(TOV 

op^tjiTTpi^, ^fjS' at/jeiT€ napavoCa^ IvavTiov Tutv 'EWiyj'Qji' 

TOV ^TJiion TOV 'A67)vaCo>v, pyjS' VTToptpvijaKtTi. Tfov dvy)- 

I fi KeoTdiv KaKQiv Tov'i ToKaLTTiiipovi ©T/iSaiows, o£s t^uydtras 

" Sia TovToi' ujroSe'S6;^^€ rp TrdXet, cue tepa koI rcix') ''°-'- 

TO^ous aTTtiJX.eo'ei' 17 ^yjpoa-Oevovi BopoBoKta Kal to JSacri,- 

Chaeronea. Of. Plut. U 

Dem. III. 18, trepos ^^7.1 tii S'MI^i 
Tnira xoh^t" (170*17 ti>x5- — T(rfirMrOw 
fcrt Til ^avTuv: to delate iheniselcei to 
Ihiir ewn resourcea, 

14. irpo«Sp(av: ieeon§ 76. 3. Tliia 
was a distinction whicli tliey would 
neTer enjoy again except through 
merit. It was intended a$ a spur. 

S IfiS- 2. TJjt lipitiavlas bItwv : cf. 
Lya. iivi. 12, Btoi' IBanrir isripai'anf- 
tot Ka\ ApijHtptBt Kiipioi* ytyfyriti^vov, S>y 
jrlsii airhs dEthi t^! dpifiai'Ias oItioi 
fpyji-^irai. In the preEent paasage 
tlie sling is sharper. 

3. a-iri r& irfKHmiy)ia.Ta: Ihe nifre 

4. A\d: yet. ^ C/ g 157.2. 

G. Ttivavrta: i.e. while the herald 
ia aajing Aprr^i triKa Kai inSpayaBlai, 
the ihanieCul truth in louder tonea will 
thunder, -rhr KdniaTOf kbI rio Stoflpaf 
(a) AeAmrJTa tV TiJfii'. The former 

words are put aa a literal quotation 
from Ctesiphon's bill. Cf. § 49, 8. 

6. (tG<i: s<>eon§ 11. 7. 

§ 15(!. 2. i4' iy^ai-rAi: c/.Dem. 
SI. 78, oiy IffTiir DuSei'l r&r v/ifTipitv 
ixBp&v rpiiaioi/ oHfr ii)>' iimu nixtl- 
tBV, i^Tv t' iwi iroKK&y .roAAi ^stlrp.. 
(Chabrias) ffrpann'oSvToi, The un- 
derlying thought is the erection ot 
the trophy out of the spoils of the 
vanqiliahed. Cf. £ llC. 8. irh M^Iwv 
Koi STiSalut. In the same connection 
are used xari with gen, aud Ihe gen. 
dependent on rpiraiaii, Cf, Lys. xviii. 

iraia virip T^s 'ZWdSos tuv BapBifiui'. 

3. olptLTi irapavolaf : metaphor 
taken from Ilie procedure in the 
courts of law. The Hellenic world 
ia the jury. C/. §251.2. 

7. TO poa-LXiKdv xp^"''")' - charge 
more fully explained in §§ 239, 240. 



Ib'UXiKOV \pva-Lov ■ aXX' infiSrf TOis rTU>fianTiv oil napeyevea-de, 76 
aXKa Tat? ye Siai/otats air o0\.e\paT^ avTwv «? ras (Tu^- 
<f>opd'i, Kal voixitraff opav a,\LfTKOiJ.ivr)v rriv TToXtv, Tci')(av 
KttTatr/cai/ia?, e/j7rpTj<r£ts oIkiwv, ayo^evas ywaiKa^ Koi 
B TratSas cts Soi/X.eiai', Tipea-^VTO.^ dvOpiawov^, Trpecr^iiriSa? 
yuiiaiffas, oi/ie p,€Tapau$di'oi'Ta<; rffp eXevOepCav, KXai- 
owas, tKereuotra? vp.a<;, opyt^o/xewu? ou Tot? Tipapov- 
pei'Oiq d\\.a rol'; tovtihv aiTwi?, ejruTKJjVrovra? pT]Sevl 
TpoTTM Toy TYji; 'EXXoSos dkiT-qpiop (TTei^apow, dWa KOt 
10 -roK Sat'/;ioi'a /fat t^v ri)(r)V t^v tru^TrapaitoXou^oi'iTeti' TW 

l.jSai'^/KUTrw <{>v\d^a(T9at.. ovTf ttoXk our' iSitonjs ou8et5 

TTwirore KaXw? dtnjkXa^e ^r)iJ.oa9ei'ei <rvp/3ovK(i) ^py](rd- 

fievo^. u/i€ts S', &i dcSpe; 'A^Tjyaioi, ovk alir)(yveiT$e el 

enl fi€v T0U5 iTop6p.4a^ Tou5 eis SaXa/xtca TTOp6p.evovTa^ 

6 vo/tov f6e<T6', idv Tt5 ai™!* a/cui' cc t^ iT6p(o ttXoi'oi' 

5 157. dnolher vivid picture fol- 
lowing close upon tho Qrst (see on 
£ '53- ^) ^'^'' much more eSective. 
Tlie two are, however, mutually de- 
pendent, portraying in juxtaposition 
the ihsmeful crowning and the drend- 
fol deeds wrought by the man who ia 
lupposed to he crowned. Thia Smri- 
x-ruffii has been justly admired and 
copied. C/. Cic. Phil, xl 7. Dem. 
III. 65, IS ipJ7.oiJ li* ipSt Ti/i'r irdrTa 
ravTO, oMas KarfirKB/iji^iiBi, Tffxn npt- 

yiraai Si leal ira<Sil/)iii 6Mya xa! Trpiagi- 
Toi itBpiixoui oisT^oif I, furnished some 
of the maleriaU (or this picture. An- 
cient graininariang notice also the re- 
semblance to Hnm. II. ix. 683 f., icSpai 

liir intltomi, ■w6\ii' ii rt rup i/iaSivti, 

yvvixitat. Cf. Thuc. iii, 67. 3. This 
i« Doe of Ilie passages rvlluded to in 
Dem. ITIII, 41, olrit iariv 6 ri »rt- 

. irperpvTM ; 

fail rdSii Hal Su(ii>* 
Httnb. appoi. H. 

7. ou Tott Ti|iofMni|ii^voii HrK. : ei- 
travagnnt hyperbole. Aeschines is 
indulgent towards Alexander. See 
on 5 132 fin. 

9. dXiTiipiov: see on § 131. 7. 

10, Tov Saf^ofa icat niv ruXT)V : see 
on § 115,1. For DemoBtbenes' re- 
ply, I-/. Dem, xviu. 270, 271, "the 
whole world is involved in disnsler 
arising from Macedonian lupremacy, 
BO that it cnnnot be my fault that 
Athens suffers from it." On the dis- 
cussion of Deraosthenes' rix^ in gen- 
eral, <:/■, Dem, xvtti, 25211. 

16S. 1. avTt irtiXis avr' [6itki|t! 

3f. (tfSto'et . . , t'oo^T« : a similar ar- 
rangement of contrasted conditional 
clauses for expressing incongruity it 


dvarpeilq}, tovto) /X17 i^elvat 7raX,iv TropOfiei y£V€(T0ai, 
lua /jTjSets avTO(T)(^E8ia.^ri et? to. toiv 'EWy^rwi' cr<ofi,ciTa, 
Tov Se TVjv 'EWaSa Kal rfjv ■ir6\i.v apSrjv dvareTpoipoTa 
To5roc idtrert TrdXiv dv^vdvuciv to. Koivd ; 
159 "Iva 5' eliro) Kal irept tov TtTapTov Kaipov Kat rSiv 

wvt, Ko.aeo'TTjKOTO}!' ■trpa.yp.aTdiV, eKtivo vp.d^ vnofij/yjcrai, 

vov rd^iy eXtTrer, aWa Kal rrjv ck r^s ■jroXetiK .... rpi- 
B ^pTj irpocrXa^cjv vp.a>v, koI tous "EXXT^va? ■^pyvpoXoyT/o'e. 

eiceedinglj commciii in Greek. For 
examples, see Morris on Thuc. i. izl. 
6 m. The aecond member ie.for ora- 
torical effect, here made interroga- 
tWe. exHctlj as in Piato Ajiai. 37 d. 

7. avTatrxiGutti] : practice wil/ioul 
auilMe preparation. So prop, desig- 
nation of estempore epeecli. Used 
Athen. 589 b, e.htoirxiii,iioii(riv oZy a! 
\iyoiTts oSt^j- iv KopiyBf TtSAjiflai 
uphi Tcf KpaVflif, of a made-up 

8. fip6T]v; favorite word with Aesch. 
Of. %% 93, 136. '43. 145- — <i»''i"Tpo- 
ifin: vox propria of overturning a 
ship, Cf. Dem. tx. 69. For this 
comparison of the state to a ship, cf. 
ibid, and Dem.sTiii. 194. The argn- 

7) Fburth ptriod of Demostheyia' po- 
liiieal career. §§ 159-167. 

The events of this period, which De- 
tnoathenes hardly touches, formed no 
legitimate part of the accusation, for 
they were subsequent lo Clesiphon's 
bill and his indictment by Aeschines. 
To introduce them was. however, just 
as legitimate in 1)ie accusation as it 
was for Demosthenes in the defence 
C»Tiii. 117) lo mention that he had 
itaiB, in 330 B.C., passed in hii ac- 

counts, and made the second count 
in the indictment void. 

5169. 3. dird: the verb of the 
sent, implying removal, iri and Ik 
are used when ir would express the 
proper relation. H. 788 a. Cf. S§ 153. 
3, 97. 3,4. — ou fJivav vdjiv itivwtv: 
is it possible that the astonnding 
statement, Dinaruh. I. 12, atii, iAAi 
l\i»n /iiiios airij t)|ii Ikii lifii', is a 
stupid misconstruction of tliis pas- 
sage 1 The relation between the two 
orations is enough to suggest, if not 
to justify, such suspicion. 

4, T^v IK rip iroKtu% : see App. 
Demoslhenes is fond of referring to 
his political station as a poit (ri£{ii>). 
Cf. Dem. iviii. 173, piro, r&v \tyir- 

(undoubtedly n reply to this thrust). 
Ibid. 62, 304. — TpkijpT) irpoa-Xa.pih' 
illiiav: after Chaeronea, Demosthenes 
returned to Athens and superintended 
all the arrangements for the defence 
of the city. Cf. Dem. xviii. 248. A 
part of his duly was to secure pro- 
visiong for the city. Cf. ibid., alpoi- 
/ityot iIiTiir7)y ix rdrruv ipt rfx*'("''^ 
pTw<v t BS/ioi. Prob. in this capacity, 
as grain-commissioner, he took a tri- 
reme for an official visit to the allies. 




Karayayovo^s S' airrov tit tt)v ttoXii' t^s airpoaZoKriTov 
aoiTTjptat Tovs fiev TT/jtSrous ;^poi'ous viroTpojj.o'; ^v au- 
9p<ifrTO%, KoX naptwv 7}p.iOi'i)<; ivl to f3rjp.a elp-qvo^vKaKa 
vfia.'i eVc'Acve \€LpoTOV£iv • vfiei! Se Kara fj.fv tous Trpia- 
10 TOVS ^povous ouS' €jri Tci ^liT^cftifTpaTa etare to ATjfioaBe- 
vovs iTriyp(i(j>£i.v ovofxa, aXka NaucriKXei touto irpoo'tTa.T- 

ert^ti/njcr* o /xev <i>iXt7nros, 'A\e$av8po% S' et5 t^i* dp- 
;^^v KoT«m;, TToX.ii' aS Teparevofievo^ Upa fi^v i^pva-aTo 

To this errand Aeschines maliciouBlf 
applies tlie words roiis 'E^Aqvai furfu- 

6. dnpairSainiTeu irunjplat : i.e. the 
peace oegotiated by DemadeB, Aes- 
chines, and Phocion. Cf. § 117. 4, 
iwptaBiioti't- Deal, xviji. 282, ti 
(Aeachinei) «u8^bii ^jtI t)j» ndxui' 

«■),! <T<I 

ftfiliyTir. Suidas J.u, Aij>irie:jtr it Xai- 

(o) irpffffltvrit iirij) Tau oi'xf oAiItwc 
iitoTdAu. Plut.PAoc.i;. The favor- 
able terras secured may well be said 
to ha»e been unexpected. Philip, 
howerer, had suffltient motive for his 
course. See on § 141. T. 

a liiiiOni* : c/. Ar. Mb. 504. For 
a Bimiiar fling at Demosthenes, e/. 11. 
34, t4 9npiov ToCio Tf$Tiriihs 3tiMf. — 
■I|>i]iPa^X(U(a : cf. Xen. Vect. v. i, Jp' 
oJit SfiOf val tJinii-OipilAoBiis imfl.rrTifi'iii. 
Little is known of any such function.. 
ary. See App. 

10. ovS' (tan: AcscMncB ascribes 
to the indignation of the people what 
Plntarch, doubtless more correctly, 
aicribea to Demoathenea' timidity and 
distrust of hiB fortune. C/.P\ut.Dem. 
21, rhr iiiv nir \4yor fhtr i ArmoaBi- 
nji, ToTi SJ ^TjipWiiaaiv ovx iain6y, ifA' 

if fiipn t£ii pDiuv Ivoirrov iriypa^w 

''^X^'i *" oMir iriSippriiri ♦lAdrTon 
rtXtirtaarro!. For lolcena of the 
Athenians' confidence in Demos- 
thenes, rf. Dem. xviii. 248. 

11. NavtriicXtC : leader of the fa- 
mous expedition to Therm opjcjae, 352 
B.C. {cf. Diod. xri. 37) ; formerly a 
friend of Aeschines {cf. 11. tS, 1S4), 
now a friend of Demoathenes. He 
had been frequently awarded a crown 
for distinguished public aervicea. Cf, 

12. oTf^avovrtaL : Aeachlnes does 

not suffer this fundamental thought 
to be long abaent from the minds of 
the jury. Ita recurrence ia rather 
loo frequent. 

§ 160. 1. (irtiEii G* inktvnfn kt\. : 
c/ Xen. An. i. i. 3, ^el Si iTf*.i&niat 

t),.. I 


'ApTa^lp^-r,!. That Demoatheiies <rat 
not absolutely abut oat from public 
life is ahown by Aeachinea himself. 
Cf. § 27- 

3. iraXkV av: "back to his old 
habits he goes." Common redundant 
combination in Att. ^ TtpaTOMi'iuvoi : 
common in Aeach. of Demosthenes sb 
indulging in braggadocio and affect- 
ing the porlentouB, aain § 167. 3, M- 


Hava-aviov, Ets alriav Se rrjv 'A^ijvaiwc ^ovXtji" kolt^- 
5 tmjaev, iTrojvvfiCav S' 'AXefacSpw yiapyirr^v ert'^eTO, ctTre- 
ToXfia Sc Xeycii' ti»s ou Ktto^f^TjtreTai eV MaKcSoftas • dya- 
nav yap avTov e^-q if HeW-ri TT^piiraTovvTa koX to. 
(T7T\.d.yy(ya K^vkdiTOVTa. KaX TavTa Xeytw ii^-q ovk ebKO.- 
^(i)v, aW atf/at/Sws etSdjs on at/iaTos ia~nv r) aperyj ott/ia, 
10 auTos OVK i^oiv alfLa Koi detiipaiv tov 'AXe'facSpoi' ovk 

/lOTa tl Bai/ijiTii: Cf. i 




I A?|fiDr7. 

- 49, 
, .al 
Tipaieivditevo! Hiniip dufle t^ irx^f"'Ti 
itol T(iIi|in(rJif Kf^oAV- 11-98. Used of 
AeschylDB, Ar. Ran. 833 f „ iTDff^^n'cfi- 
rai ipBTOi', fiirep iitoffTriTf ^i/ tbi! t/jo- 
7(,!faiffiip iripaTeieTO, — Itpd tSputraro : 
in the light ol Flut. Bern. 22, ittc^xi- 
voSi- ^ipfoavTo Tlautraviar, this seems 
to refer to the establish men t of hh 
altHF with a crowned statue of the 
slain Fausaniae, as was done in the 
case of Harmodius and Aristogiton. 

4. IlaiHravlou: Philips' Assassin. 
Cf. Dind. jitI. 93, 94. — ilt atrlav Tiiv 
PavXi|V xaTiirrriirflv : Schol-, ^vctS^ 

6tois, x^<^ AfioKoyoiiirfi intip rou ^(A^r- 
mu SftfiiToi'. ^(«a Torirou ■Afti.alDiI 
BiTTfpoi- iiri»-T^A.A.tii- 'AA^Joi'Sfiot dBtbii 
?7/iB^H' " 'A\i(,LrSpos Tl? niy Sifirf ^of" 
puj", Tp BJ Soi'Ap »"*•'•'." Phocion cen- 
sured tills levitj of the Atheninns. 
Cf. PluE. flioc. l6,4>iAl7rirDV r airoAiviJi- 
Toi, EbsYy^Aia iinr rhy S^»iot d£k (fa- 
Kol Tip iyt^i-it eli-ai ^ixi'p"*'' "o' ^V 
^v Xa^porifef^ rapaTa^ap^yTjy rphs aiirabs 
B^yaftiy iyl ff^ftaTL fiiyuy i\ii-rraj ytvi- 

5. MapYtTTjv : liero of the mode- 
heroic poem of tliBt name passing io 
antiquity under the oame of Homer. 
Qf. [Piato] -<i;ci6. II. 147 c, Ixttyo, 
(i'.*. 'O>iiipoi) yip iirri-y b Xiyair rip 
MapyiTTtv irci\Aa ftiy i 

(, <pr}a[, 

s Mitt 


of Achilles. Demosthe- 
nes asserted, then, that Alexander in 
his aspiration to be a second Achilles 
would never get farther than to be- 
come a caricature of him. So little 
impression had Alexander's appear- 
ance at Chaeronea made ! See App, 
7. Tr»pnniTo«vTa ; as a loyal school- 
boy, the pupil of Aristotle, the father 
of the Peripatetic school of phlloao- 
phy. — Td trirXii'yxva i^uXaTTavTa ; i.e. 
undecided and superstitious. Cf. 
Verg. Aen. iv. 63, pecndumiiue 

chines would doubtless suggest tliat 
this sneer ill became tlie nmn wliose 
contempt of omens hnd brouglit the 
disasters of Chaeronea, Qf. § 131. 

9. ai(iaTM ; gen. of price. "Tliere 
is no valor without blood." 

10. OVK <x.<°v <il|ui: of a piece with 
the taunt of 1'hilocrs.tes mentioned in 
Dem. KIK. 46, oStdi i^h yip tSup iyS 
Si ohoB xlya. — dvK ix TJfi 'AX(£iMiGfMlv 
^vo-tm ktX. : a base man lacks the 
proper point of view for judging a 
hero, Demosthenes defends himself 
against this charge of , 

■ =4S. I 

t riy 

I! tMim 

ffflai; That was a valid answer li 
Aeschines, and yet Demosthenes i 

AI2XIN0Y KATA KTHSI*nNT02 160. 161. 

61. p. n 
iK T^s 'AXcfofSpov ^ucrccus aXX' e»f ttj? avrov avcwSpia^. 
\ IBI^Stj S' eifrrirliLcrfiei'im' &eTTa\S)v iina-TpaTeveiv eVt r^i* 
■fffierepav ttoXii', koI tov vfonicTKnv to ■jTpS>Tov irapo^vv- 
divTO'i (.Ik6to}i;, eTreiSij Trepl %-qfia.'; ^c to orpaTOTreSov, 
irpeu^evTTjq u^' u/iWf ^^ipoTovrjdti^, diroSpa? tV fietrov 
e roC Ki^aipwi-og ^'•rei' inro(rTpe\jja^, ovt ev etp^v^ ovr' 
ev TToKefKi) xp-^trip-ov iavTov irapi^nnv. Kot to irtUToii' 
Seii'oraToi', v/x£is toStoi' ov npovBoTe, ovB' tlaffare 
KpiBTjvai iv Ta toiv 'EWij^cdv (ruveSpio), o5to5 8' vp.S.t 

fairly liable to the charge of nnder- 
raling his opponentB, both Philip and 
Aleiander — a fnuh of an oversan- 
guine diepoBitioD. Cf. Dem. 11. 10; 
tv. 23.; IX. 31, Du fidrar su^'EAAnvar 
iii'Tot D&ti rpoaiiiiarToi oiJSii' tii;i *EA- 
AtlD-i, &U' ovt) Bap^ifov irrtvBty SSiv 
KQAif tInTi', AAA' A^a^f MMc!(i>^T, 

§ 161. 1. ecrTaXm: the Thessa- 
lians joined heaTtil; in Alexander's 
first eitpedition into Greece. Of. 
Died, jcvii. 4. — iirl tijv Tiiitripav ird- 
Xiv: Athens wae the centre of the 
wide!; extended plant for a riiiag 
Against the young king. Demosthe- 
nes iras again the actjre ambassador. 

2. vtavCrKov: Alexander was at 
thli time, 336 b.c, twenty years old. 
— iropofuvflt'lTai ; cf. % iiS. 5, irapw- 
iif«i,r. Diod. iTii. 4, f, Tip ii^Tjji 
TO 6 nariiTKov ii^wMtm. 

3. ilKdrMt: see on § 131 jfn. — inpl 
etfpof: the sudden appearance of 
Alexander in the neighborhood of 
Thebes eansed the immediate coliapse 
of the rebellion. Athens hastened to 
send an embassy for peace. 

4. dvoCpdc iK lu'rou tov K»0ak- 
pAiot: prob. because Alexaniler re- 
fused to receive him or give him safe 

conduct. It was a strange choice for 
the people to make. And Demos- 
thenes would have shown more tact 
than they, had he declared aa Dinar- 
chns (I. S2) reports, iirttSii ik wpt- 
aBfit'v »(! iripi Tiii eipim, siVjc &» 
tfaaittt /k t^s riKcio! i^iKBtiv «ill 
Tip tTcpar T6iit. Both Grote and 
Thirlwall ascribe his election to ths 

6. oj!t tv itprivT] ktA.! for onoa 
Din arch us has the superiorly in 
piquancy. Cf. Dinarch. t. Sa, it /ikp 
Tari rapaTdiiaiv ntKovpis, ir Bi rolt 
oIkoi liivoaai xptirBtuT^i, it ii Toir 
rptirBuTaU Spawiryfs iarlr. 

6. ri EfivdraTov: nppos. to sent. 
G. 13J, N. 3 ; U. tt26. See on § 240. 8. 

7. TOvTOv ov irpoS8on : after the 
destruction of Thebes, 336 B.C., Alex- 
ander demanded (he surrender of the 
prominent Athenian orators and gen- 
erals, including Demosthenes, Lycur- 
gUB, HyperideB(n. as no Ices re- 
sponsible for the Theban revolt than 
the Theban agitators theinselTes. Of. 
Flat. Phoc. 17. Dem. xviu. 41, fyi 

Arr, An. 


For a full discussion of the affair, see 
Scbiifer, III. p. 127, note. — oir tli- 
o-an KpiB^vu in-X. : see Introd. S 2ijiii. 


IGSinwt TrpoSe'SwKef, fiirep aXfjOi) iariv a Xeyerat. ais yap 
^acriv oi UdpaXoi Kal ol irpeiT^evcrai^es Trpos 'AXe'fcu'- 
Spov Koi TO Trpay/ia. EtKorco; ■n-ioreiJerat, ecrrt ns 'Apt- 
(TTiav IWaTaiKO^, 6 tov ' ApicrTo^ov\ov tou (fiapp-aKOTrai- 
6 \ou utd?, et 719 apa fcai vp-Siv yiyubxTKH. oj/rds iroTe 
vtaviiTKO^ trepcoc 7^1- di|(iw Si.a<f>^pwv MK-qcre ttoXvv 
J(|pdi/0JJ ei' T^ A-rjp.ocr0epov<; oiKLO. • o 71 8e Trpdrrav, ap.- 
^ijSoXos 17 atria Kai to irpaypa ouSapu? evirxVI^^^ ^/^o^ 
1, ^B. i. 4. 7, ni JT ^itT»(jii»i, (I 

C/". Dem. XTIII. 322, 'AfupiKTvoyiit/ii 8i- 
«ai iiroTJi'Ta,!'. These Ampliiolyoniu 
Bails are referref! by other aulliorities 
to an earlier dale. 

9. icpaiiiaKtY : pointed reference 
to irpofiJoTt, line 7. — dXi'YtTOit Apb- 
baelt on weak liearsnj 


163. 2. ol n.<ifeXai-. crew of the 
sacred galley Faralus ; all Atheniaii 
citizens; sometimes employed in di- 
jilomalic serrice. Cf. An. An. iii. 6, 
2, ^rroCSn (to Tyre) ipmnTTui rap' 
atnit ii 'Mrlraii 7] ndpa\B! rpinSfis 
Ayovaa Aii/panrai' ml 'A^iAA^a' {utc- 
TtpiaBtuor V airois «>l of nipaKoi £i^- 

TOKTCT. TIlUC. Tlii. 73. 6, To6t T\api- 

AoM, Ari/ja? 'ASnvalout T( Kal JXiuB^. 
povt irtfi'Tas ^i* T^ t^l irA^0pTas vol i»t 
B^ jfOTt oKiyapxiif "ai ^i irnfouinj <»!■ 
KHfLiyous. The preaent embassy eon- 
gratuliting Alexander would natu- 
n.]iy be hostile Id Demosthenea. 

3. 'Apio-riHV nXoraiKa't: ef. Har- 
pocr. »,!i. 'ApiffTtoit: ■TBep.ISiji xaTi 

AllJlOO-fl^VOUI ■ oStDI JlffllOf (((V /o-Tll' fl 

IHioraHu!, ill ^itiKXit pfliii', ^ic jitifo- 
miAAlou !' 4To;poi ATjjinirSfuoui, iviuip^if 
V mr" H&Tdu irpii 'HifiaHrT/ura eticKa 
iuOtXayan, Sis ipTiiri Mnpo "AJltfai'Spov. 

6. d Tit apa Kol v)iwv -yiYVioirK 
CDDTereational tone, marking a f 
and Easy handling of the luhji 

4 tUv 

6. irifuv Tiiv f fikv Gtoi^'puv : rf. I. 

75, ^(ipiKloy 

'■ 133. ■■ 

itifinv Staifiipiv, 


nlax^^ irpif ^iKiwBov tTrtn^tv- tt 84 
Tii Sir ip' AXidlo! Mpou BttiTlaiy t))* 
ilf'ai', ^Jj irpDiSVti'oj t9,>. *f ;«((«!. Tfii 

TaCra ^XP^"''"''' fl'f't toStoji iil utirop- 
trif^/car ■r^Kpivci'. TIlis suapicion, ID 
readily attaching to physical beanty, 
is the dark side of the homage paid 
to it in Greece. 

7. S TL El vpaTTOv ktX. : this insinu- 
ation would not he amhignotii to the 

8. ouSap,i«s fj!irxii)M>v i\iB\ Xc'-yiiv: 
■ffectation of nicety in such matters 
is a characteristic of Aeschines. Cf. 
I. 55, i 7Jp oJrras fpy^ irpiTrar oiii 

tlviio BVH iy iSffiii-nv C^y. Of. also 
ibid, 37 f., ;a, 70, 76. For other 
charges of (he same nature against 
Demostlienea unsupported by any 
proof, cf. §S 173, 174; n. 33, 88, 127. 
The scandal-mongera enlarged these 
itiaiountlons in the direction of piquant 
details. Cf. Ath. 5S2 e. Idomeneus 
of Lampsacos, a pupil of Epicurus, 
whose work was full of malicious 
scandals about the orators of Greece, 


AI5XIN0Y KATA KTH2I*nNT02 162, 163. 


Xeyeiv. ovtos, ws eyw oLkovw, ■^yi'OTj/ieVos ris ttot iari 
Koi TTWS ffe^uitxai;, rof ' AXe^avSpof inTOTp€)(€L koI itXt]- 
cria^ei iKelvat. Sta royrow a 7re/xi/<as lis 'AXe- 
^avSpov aSetaj/ rtua eupT^Tat /cat KaraWaya? Kal TroXXr^i' 
Ir^w KoXaKtiau ■miroiifTai. iKeWeu 8e 6e(i)p^<raTe w? 
0/101,01/ e'oTt TO TTpa.yp.a ry cttTi'^. et yap roi ovtojs ((ftpo- 
vei Kal TToXe/xiKtos elx^ a>an€p Koi <l>T)crl irpos 'AXefaj*- 71 
Spov, rpei? aurw Katpol KciXXioTot 7ra/>ayeydj'a(rti', tav 
ovSevl (ftau'eTai. K€)(p-rifJi€VO';. et? p-ev 6 Trpwros, OT £is 
TTfV o-PXV" "^ ndXai Ka,^eoTTjKa>? 'AXe'fai'Spos airapa- 
(TKeviiiV auTw rwv oIkcuov ovtcuv eis r^f 'Acriav Sie^i), 
i}KiJ:.a^€ 8' o Ttuv ITepcrwi' ^ao'tXeu? Kal wauo-t /cat ^^/latri 

ii mentioDed by Atlienaeua (ibid,) hb 
aathorilj, and ie prob. responaible for 
most of tiie detAiU. 

10. vavrpi\n: worms himself into 
the confidence of. Of. irJpxtneai, foro- 
Biettat, tWDirfTj-nv. — irXiIcniiI«i; coii- 
jorl un'lA, Of. Soph, 0. T. 1136, irJ.iiirl<x- 

Hiui. IlOCr. XV. 1S6, et ii(\0oifii Til 
fcroirxii"" "' iroioiijiEfla irjiit to6i irXij- 
<rijf.u' V fl""*"^^"""' (sa pupQs). 

§ 188. 1. intOtr: front the foUow- 
'"ff- Gf. § 19s. 1- Dem. xviii. 150, 
ytiimaBt S iKflBit. Similarly tKtlinas, 
§ 16S. 4, and ^KfTvs repeatedly in 
Dem., e.g. xiiii. 144, tv ff S^i» iittiv' 

2. d|unoV itrri. to irpayiia rn alT^. : 

IhefacU taily with the charge.. Cf. Dem. 

irou|«ii», i^oADytlTD b.v n foTijyo/i/tt 

npod. implied in ^w oujtrl i/fXPVf^^'"'!- 
GMT. 63, N. 2. 

4. Koipol KtEXXuTToi: Aesclimes is 
playing with oQgi^d tools. One miglit 
ask why hr did not epcalt, if lie loted 
Athene. — ■ra.po.yi.yivajriv : hiive come 

to him (i.e. tritbont any effort on his 

6. (It iijv d irpuTDt ; cf § 54. 6. 
"First the one wliich Immediately 
tlirust itself upon him." To tli fil» 
oorresponda 4XX' ^reiSjj — oW inrnuSx, 
§ 164. itirfpov Sc would be expected 
asin§55. 1. Dem. xxra. 18; 1.T1, ai. 

— «ts Tiiv ttpx'n" ""*.. ■ 'f- § '^, 2. 

7. Twv olinW : 1.9. Macedoniui 
affairs, inoluding also relations with 
tlieGreeka. 0pp. to tA iAAifrpifl. That 
Alexander ran a ^eat risk at this 
time DO one doubts. To call it the 
during of genius does not hide the 
fact. But the capacity of Philip and 
Alexander for appearing suddenly on 
the scene even from remote distances, 
and the terrible example recently 
made of Thebes, kept the disaCfected 
Greeks quiet until the crisis was 

8. V[KtiaI); "Since the reconqnest 
of Kjcypt and Flioenicia, about eight 
or nine years before, by the Persian 
king Ochua, tlie power of that empire 
had been restored to a point equal to 
nny anterior epodi since tlie repulse 



St. p. 77. 

10 TTpocehc^aTO 8ta rou? iTn(f>€pofi€vovs auroJ /cti^Sui/ovs. 

ctTra? Tw^a ivravOa Xoyov, ^rjiioo-dei/eSj ^ eypaxfjois tl 

%lfrjif>ia'iia ; ^ovKei ae 6(o (fio^rjdrjvai /cat ^prjcraadai tco 

<TavTov rpOTTO) ; Kairoi py]TopiKy)v htikiav hiqiioaio^ Kaipo^ 

164-ovic dvafievei, dX\* cttciSt) irdcrri rfi Swdfiei Aapeios 

McarefiefiiJKeL^ 6 8* ^AXe^avSpos rjv aTreLXrjfiiiepos iv KtXt- 

Kiif, irdvroiv ivhenj^y cos €(f>7jada crv, avrt/ca [id\a 8' c/xcX- 

Xcz^, (05 ^1/ 6 napd crov \6yos^ (rvfiTraTrjOTJaeo'daL vtto 

S -nj5 ITcpcrt/dj? tTTTTov, ttjv 8e crfjv drjSiap rj 770X19 ovk 

e^copct /cat ras CTTtcrroXas rti^as iirjprqfio^o^; e/c rSi' 8a/CTi;- 

Xo)z^ TTcptTjct?, iiriSeiKj/vcDV Ttcrt to ejtxoj^ irpoaconoj/ co? 

of Xerxes from Greece." Grote, XI. 
c. 92, p. 400. 

12. PovXci (TC 6m: question of doubt. 
GMT. 88 ; G. 256 ; H. 866, 3 b. 

13. ^TOfHKiJv SciXCav 8T||u>(ru>s Kai- 
pos OVK dva|ic'vci : see on § 72. 4. Cf. 
Dein. IV. 37, 04 5^ T&y irpayfjidTtcv oif 
ftfvovtn Kaipol r^v rificTtpav fipadvT^ra 
Koi eipwvtiav. The present passage 
has the more exact antithesis which, in 
this case, is not without effect. In the 
imitation of the passage from Dem. 
in Liv. xxxi. 48, non expectare 
belli tempora moras et dila- 
tiones imperatorum, the im- 
ported antithesis is somewhat frosty. 

§ 164. 2. KarcPcPriKCi : i.e. from 
the interior down to the Cilician 
coast. Aeschines is describing the 
preliminaries to the battle of Issus 
for which Darius had assembled his 
whole land army (ircCo-p rg ^wd/xti, in 
distinction from the small force at 
the Granicus). He had let slip the 
golden opportunity of checking Alex- 
ander at the mountain passes into 
Cilicia (^^fiiixavos eiaeKdfiv a-TpaTf^ixan 
cT Tis 4K<&\v€Vt Xen. An. i. 2. 21). C/. 

Arr. An. ii. 4. 3 f. Yet by now throw- 
ing himself in his rear (c/. Arr. An. ii. 
7. 1, Koi iy4y€T0 KarSviv ^AKf^dvdpov 
\aB(i)v), he put him in a position of 
great peril. 

4. irapd «rov : see on § 40. 1. — <rv|i.- 
iraTTjOTjo-co^ai : cf. Arr. An. ii. 6. 5, 
KaTaTraT'f}ff€iv tt) ^inrci) tup MaKc^Svuv 
(TTpanhv &\\o5 liXKodev avT^ (Darius) 
iiralpovres MXeyov (the courtiers). 

5. dT|8(av: cf. § 72. 2. — tj iroXis 
OVK i\iapti : the city was not big enough 
for. Cf Dem. XXI. 2CX), ^ Tr6\LS avrhv oh 

Xwpc?. IX. 27, otjO" ri 'EWcis oUS' 7} $dp- 
fiapos tV irXeove^lav X^P^'i Tavdpdnrov. 

6. Tos cirio-ToXos rivas kt\. : mak- 
ing a great show of his foreign corre- 
spondence. Cf Dinarch. i. 35, kuI 
irop' ouT<Sf> ypd(f>CDV ivLcrToK-fiv, iK tS>v 
^aKTvKoiv avaxl/dfifpos TreptcTropetJcTo, a 
clumsy reproduction of this passage 
with the addition of irrelevant details 
like * the Sedan chair ' and ' flaunting 
wealth in the face of honest poverty.' 

7. lus : giving to the following cau- 
sal parties, a subjective force. GMT. 
109, 8, N. 4 ; H. 978. " My terror was 
all in the fancy of Demosthenes." 


TT\y}y^L4vov Kai auvfj-ovvTO^, /tat y^pvcroKiptov dirorca- 
\(iiv Kai KajiCTT€<j}9ai. fjida-Ktav ei Tt 77Tartr/*a trv/i jSTjtrerat 
10 'AXefafSpw, ovS' ipTuvda eiTpafas odSef, aXA' et? TU'a 
165Ka(p()i' avf^d\ov KaXKCoj. u7rep/3a5 Totwu ananTa ravra. 
iiirkp Tuiv i/vfl KadetmjKOTtov ke^m. AaKeSat/j.di'ioi ficv 
Ktti TO ^evLKOf iTT€TV)(ov /i^X?/ "'^^ Ste'i^^eipai' tou? Trepl 
Koppayov trrpariwra^, 'HXetot 8' aurol? crvyx^eTe^SaXotTO 
'A^atot TTttiTes ttX^i' IleXXTji'E'ajv *fai 'A/)K:aSta Tratra 
ttX^i' MeyaXj^s TroXeois, aw-Tj Sc i-rroXiopKelTo koI Koff 

8. xpv<rciKf pMV ; figure taken from 
of gilding the horniaf the 

idcriflcial ' " 

436 ff., yipsf S linrvKira Nitrri^p xpu- 

rir fS»x'- i i' trtna Soil n^pooii' "(pl- 

9. KaTfvW^Soi : Apachinee is etill 
compared witli the victim, wliiuh -was 

lally decked Willi garlandx. Just 
before Fhilip'i death the Pythia im- 
parted to him the following oraule, 

i Biir<at. Cf. Diod. xri. 91. PauB. 
Tiii. 7. 8. 

g§ 166 £E- DemoBthenei' third op- 

portnnity. Cf. §§ 163, 5, 164 in. 

5 165. 2. vTT^p; =Ttffi(.— xivMivl 

: the suppressioD of tbe 

Spartan rebellion wae accuoiplished 

n July, one month before (lie present 

3. TO {(viKov: from the battle of 
IisQB, 333 B.C., 8000 Greek mercena- 
ries escaped to Greece aod took ser- 
rice with Agit, king of Sparta. Cf. 
Diod. xvii. 4S. Curt. iv. t. 39. 

4. KoppaYOv: Macedonian general, 
hardly the tame person aa tlic Kipayas 
■aentioued in Diod. xvii. 100, na with 
Alexander in the Indian campaign. 
— 'HX<toi G' avTots o-upiuTtpoXovTo 

KT\. : the Eleana and Arcailiani had 
been hitherto enemies of Sparta, and 
ataneb friends of Plulip and Alei- 
ander. C/. Diod. xvii. 62, "Afcii-aro. 


Fial K 

»l r 
I infypi^ar 

\.£av ffi 

Tiv w6- 

^M-y. )" 

II iT(pi Surxihloaj. Had Athena joined 
this new alliance instead of dashing 
her forces almost alone against this 
same Antipater seven years later in 
the disastrous Laiiiian War, the re- 
sult might hav^been different. Bat 
the old Macedonian policy ' divide 
et i m pera,' was even hereeffcctive. 
Cf. Diod. I.C.. 'AfufoToi ^ir atv. ntfi 
irdvTaj To^I SXXoui "EAAtjku ft*' 'AA*- 
iitipau irpnr»i>iiiii/ai, riir ^aiixla* iyer. 
A gie was defeated at Megalopolii, and, 
by his heroic death, testified that the 
ancient spirit of Sparta still lived in 
her kings, /hid. 6j. ayMrurifum 7^ 
Xanrp&s, Kai ito\A.oTi tpavfutrit irar- 

6. wXiiv Mt'V'^l' wo'XwM : a nota- 
He exception. Thia city, planted by 
Rpaminondaa as a ' thnra in the 
fieah ' to Spartn, thrown upon the 
protection of Philip by the unwise 
rejection of her by the Athenians in 



iKatmju r)fj.epav eVtSo^os ^f aXwvai, 6 S* 'AXc'facSpos 

efot T^s apKTOv KoX rijs oJfcoUjLie^s oXiyou Setv Tracnjs 

fj.t8fi(rTT]K€i, 6 Se ^AvTiirarpoi iro\vp XP^""" o'W'^ye orpa- 

10 roVeSoi', ro 8' icropefov aSr/Xoc ^v. ivTavO' r/plv aTro- 

Sctfiu iroCi}crai rt ttot ■^v a ejrpafas ij rt ttot' ^c a 

cXeyes ■ fat ei (SouX.ei, Trapax^aip^ troi toG /3-^fiaTo^, «t»5 

166 0.1/ eijrgs- CTretS^ Se trtya?, OTt jutf airopets, uvyyvaip'qv 

f)(co <roL, a Se roV eXeyc?, e'yoj fu;-! Xe'fw. ou pdpvrjaOt 

avTOv TO. piapa koi awCBava pT]p.aTa, a irws irad' vpeli;. 

Si (TiBrfpoi, iKapTepeiTe aKpotafievoi. ; ot e<j>T} napeXBaiv 

6 " dpiT€\ovpyov(Ti Tti^5 TV)v ttoKlv, ocfareTjin/fcatri tiv€<; ra 

Bpite of the protest of Demoatlicnea 
(c/l Dem. XVI.), remaioed true to hei 
ualling and her brief liistory. 

7. ^irIGo£og : with aor. iuf., as here, 
Isocr. VI. 8, ^IJoJot it Tvxfly. The 
fut. inf. is more usual. 

8. ((uT^sJ^KTOichyperbole. Alex- 
ander was in Bactriu, io pursuit of 
BesEui. C/.An.An.i[[.2&fS.-i\.lyov 
Silv: almost, inf. abs. GMT. 100, n. 1; 
H. 958. 

9. iraXuv XpovDv: Anlipater waa 
suppressing the rebellion of Memnon 
in Thrate. QT. Diod. ivii. 62. Prob. 
the delfij was not very great. Cf, 
ibid. 63, ri» /r Tp 0>>^«p irrSXt^*, 5s 
tot' jj** ivyar^Vf Sif\vfffv. 

11. tI itot" .. .(\ry<s: "youraclious 
and your talk amounted to nothing. 
The sickening metaphor 

e than 

o talk." 

12. irapax<iip>° itdi tou Pi)|uiTOt : cf, 

Dem. iviii. 139, (1 SfipJiai, vSr Bujiro) 
iv rv i^v «■"■,. XIX. 32, 57; L. 2. 
Doubtful is II. 59. That the orators 
eipecled these seemingly liberal oflera 
to be accepted is not likelf. It is only 
a rhetorical figure by which they in- 
tend to say " Even my aotagoniat could 

not state thia niore favorably to him- 
self than I am now doing," Dem. 11. S 
containa a general challenge to any- 
body in the assembly to come forward 
and interrupt. Very different from 
this are cases in court in which provis- 
ion was made for questions being put 
to the antagonist. Cf. Lys. xii. 24 f., 
vrhcre the answers of the defendant 
are incorporated into the oration. 
Plato's apology of Sotrales baa too 
many elements of fiction to be taken 
as evidence of court procedure. 

§ 166. 3. (uapd kqI on-tSava: rather 
strong epithets [or the following met- 
aphors. See on I 72, 2. — ^juitb : 
.ra on § 72. 1. 

4, Z <nSi|pot: mock solemnity. 
" Your powers of endurance most 
have been Herculean." Cj', Simon. 
8 (Bergk), aiSipiav ■AA.i.^ai t.Voi, 
So also Lai. ferreua, Cf. Juv. i. 

neat se (where it forms a climax 
Ihpaliens); vii. 160, ferret 
c 1 ra. — ^KapnptlTi : see on £ iiB. 

}, ujLniKov(ir^va\ :are stripping, wiHi 

72 A12X1N0Y KATA KTHSl-fliNTOS 166. 167- 

K)LT^fj.aTa. TOW St^/xow, viroTiTfi-qTO-i to. vevpa tuiv TTpayfid- 

T(i}v, f[>opiJ.oppa(j>oviJ.^6a, iirl to. cnevd Ttves irpStTov <5ct- 

I 1677rep Tcis ^t\6i>a<i SieCpovo-i." raOra Se ti iariv, 5 Kit-a- 

Sos ; p-qpaja. Tj 9avpaTa ; Koi iTd\.tv ore Ku*f\w irepiSiyttiv 

reference to the aeeminglj savage 
nork of the Tine dreaier. — ovairrpiTi'- 
KiMTi : formmg vitli iiiTtKoufryiii/ai a 
elimax, aye, Ikry hasf. topped off. — 
Tivi't: in Aeschlnes' own maiiner. 

6. KXiiitora: I'l'"* sionls. — JirOTi'- 
TpTjTfu TO vtvpa: sufficiently Loll! 
metaphor. See on § 67. 8. Dem. 



Dem. XV 

11. 24a. . 


. £ Sf- 




i ao 



al iravra 

X.(fl« Sir 

>cai *.- 


o»- toDt 

» xal 




<i*i^>' ^ir 

7-(». Ibid. 



1. 99 


0, kI-uSo, 

from Soph 


r B- ;«t 

yi)<rSt. Against tlie cliarge, SinpirdfEtv 
Titij Ti xp^^iTa ^ouXdrrai, Demos- 
thenes himself has to defend him- 
self. VIII. 52 f. 

7. ^opfioppii^av^a : seiced together 
lite a Tuah mill, i.e. luimpered. Cf, the 
metaphor of Demoathenes in li. 21, 
Toiat/ra Iptiif (^tj, S?tc iLiropiHi'ptii' rh 
*iAtinrou aritia iKoffx'^'V ^BpixV' — 
iitl Ta (TTtvii . . . Eiifpovo-L; obscure 
passage, perhaps best translated, cer- 
tain persons are drawing ms first like 
needles into tight places, parallel to Eag. 
'draw through a knot-hole.' HeeApp. 

§167. l-TaCraGiTUvTiv: gliglitly 
different from the same phraie uacd 
so often in Dem. (e.p. 11. yj) &s a 
rhetorical question. — kIvoGos: Blaaa 
(_AU. Bered. lit. 2, p, 108) aays, 
"In reviling Aeschines lacks the 
originalitj of his opponent. He 
onlj gets so far as designations 
like Klyuios, ivSpiyvmj, KfvaiaT, erf 
plot." KtynSo!, which IB no more 
peculiar to Aeach. than auKoipii'Tti! 
and SupolDKoi, is perhaps the bit- 
tereal word which the orators handy. 

Aj. 103. 

2. piiiJaTaVi SaupATO: translated in 
Cic. Or. 26, verba an portenta. 
The metaphors are after all not much 
bolder than tlioae used by Aeschines 
himaeir, §§ 156, 207,* 25 3- That they 
are quota, from DemoatheQes appears 
from the lack of a diaclaimer in Dem. 
xvni. 126, Xdyoui rlvas tiiaipii, alrrht 
(tpTJH^r A ris oiftt hv liKnjtTI tmv ItVt' 
pia* irBpiintiiip ipeJy^aaBat ; Ibid. 232, 
vAyu yip irapi Tavro, oitx &p£s ; y4yoyf 
tA Til- ^S.^\i|t■Blll, ti tbutI ri jSg/io iMi 

ji)) toutI SifkixOvr iyii. This mutual 
criticism of atjle in a life and death 
struggle between orators would not 
make a favorable impreeaion on a 
modem jury. See Jebh, Altic Orators, 
Introd., p. Ixxiii, — kiikXcji it^hSivb* 
... lit <i,vTL'irp(lTTav : Demosthenes 
was ' auiting the action to the word.' 
For a reply, cf. Dem. i.e., ical axii^- 
TQ nituiiiitros, and tl Stupl tj)v Xt'P' 
fU.\A ni] Bivp\ TTiipiiBiyKa. That De- 
mosthenes was, in distinction from the 
older orators and most of his con- 
temporaries, first, last, and always an 
actor on the platform (as Beecher in 
the pulpit) is abundantly testified. 
Cf. Cic. Bnit. 142, Dei 

nt I 
lid pri 


et i 



BpOi "ofiokoyS) TO. AaKoiViKa mjOT^o-ni, o/ioXoyw f-jerTd- 
5 Xou? KQi Tlippai^ov^ a<f)i.(ndvat. ' trv ydp ctf Kaip.Tju 
djrooTTj(reias, uu yap ac Trpocre'X^ot? juij ort tt/jos iroXtv, 
dXXd 7r/)os olKiav on^ou icti'Sui'o? Trpocreiniv ,- dW et /iO' 
TTOV ^p'^p.ara duaXCiTK^Tai, TTpoaKadi^-qa-ti, npa^ip Se dv- 
0/309 ow TrpagCL^ ■ iav S avTOfj-aTw tl (rvji^rj, TrpomTOLi]- 
(r€i Kat (TavTov ctti to yey€v7]p.evoy eVtypcii/ftts ■ ay S' 

Longin. iUef. (Spengel, 
Rhl. Grace. I. p. 310), liKirit! i Awo- 

ifyr, wal iroWh xari r^s Sui/ii^fui rai^ 
T)J1 (IjlTJPrsv iymillia, Tp!l ^Jf xtpl 
aOrflj ipiiTTiSfls, Tpi»X5 Si nuTJj Jdui 

Jein-epoi' Hal TpfT-Tji'. Aeschineg, on 
the contrary, aimed at tlie atatelj 
reposeful bearing of Solon and Peri- 
clei. Cf. 1. 25 f., luiivtH >ifV yt 

7.11-. Of Hjperidea. (■/ Cec. Orn«. 
P7r. SSOa, K^erai f fivcu iraHplsKi! 
Siiu-rrrapiiaai.. To this twitting of De- 
rnuBthenes on his oyer-aniniat«d de- 
livery the Iftlter's twitting of Aenehi- 

1 bis B 

a tbe c 

Itinut. Bee Introd. § 0. 

4. oiHrriiiru: arranged. If DeniOB- 
thencB arranged the revolt of Agle, 
it was strange policy nyt to throw 
AtlienB* weight into the scale. See 
on § 165. i. Cf. Plut, Dem. 34, ki^ou- 

iriirtiiirliSTi (jc, DeulDstlienes) jrikii', 
tfr" (rTTi(f, tCp iLir 'Ae>ital<cf oil aur- 
• i' 'A71I0! ricSr- 

•cal 1 

5. (ii|iiOTtJ«n : Dm id'rr/nj 
revnll; different from aor. inf 
aat of an Bccompliahed fact, 
Tbessalians remained true 

6, (11] oTi . . . oXXii; nan dicam 
. . . Bed. H. 1035 a. 

7f[. <( f^v irov (tA. : a goad counter- 
tbruBti corresponding in form and 
immennely lUperior in effect, is Dein. 
xviii. 198. The best answer to tbe 
taunt of cowardice is Dent, ivul x62, 
where, after describing llie rclentleis 
warfare waged upon Aescliines, the 
actor, by the spectators, the speaker 
adds with keenest sarcasm, lap' Sv 
itcjAAA Tpa6fiar' •iXr^^ii tiHrfroir Tohj 
&vftpovi riv ToiDVTtffi' Ki^Svpctfv cLs Bji- 

8, irporKaSitifiriL : be on tht violch. 
Cf. Plato Afol. 31 a, tJh- i,^^pav B^w 
nacraxoi^ Tpa(riia0liuy. L. and 8. er- 
roneously glre for the present paa- 
Hage tbe meaning, sit idle. Tlie 
peralitent presfnce of Demos tlienes 
wbere money is being paid out is 
the point. Cf. § 149. 4. — vpo^iv Si 
iIvSpos: e/' § '55- ^' '^ 'i "o' o^roi 

9, <dv G' avTSiuiTdv n <n^Pj: i'.<. 

ae in the case of t^ Aaxtuniti, above, 
with a more remote reference to the 
cases mentioned in § 256. 

10, trauTJv (wl rd YtYcmjiUvDV iwt- 
ypa.'^tit '■ yi '"'It inscribe your name on 
the accomplished fad. 

I 174 

AI5XIN0Y KATA KTH2I*nNT0S 167, 168. 

Se dapp^ffoifitVy 8(itp€a^ 

e\0j) (^d/3os rts, airoSpatrei ■ 
aiTTjo-eis Kal )(pvirov'; areeftdpov;. 

8 Nat aWa Sjjjii07t»cd? iiTTiv. av /xey TOtW:' ets t^w 

tv^rjjiiav twi' Xoyoip aTrojSX-eVijTe, i^a.TraTT]&T](Tecr6f a><nT€p 
KoX irpoTepou, av 8e Kal ets T^i' (j>vaip Kai. eis T^f d\^- 
petav, ov*f i^a.Tra,T7}0^a'e(r6€. eVeij'tos Se aTroXajSere Trap' 

5 auTou Xdyof. (y&) /iei^ /*€^' u/iwu XoytoO/ioi, a Set vndp- 
^aL iv rrj ipv(r€t tw Bij/toTLK^ acSpt Kot a-dnfipovi, koI 
irdXiu airnd7]<T(D, ttoiov thjo. £Ik6<; iariu eu'at tov oXiyap- 
^LKOf av6p<iiTT0v Kal (jiavXou ■ w/iti? 5 aj/TideiTe^ €Ka,- 
T€pa TOVTtnv d^uyp-qcraT amav, /mtj oTTordpov tov koyov 

11, £v Gf Bappiiruiuv: nonrgumcnt 
can be drawn from this form of cond. 
thnt the prospects of the Spnrtan re- 
volt vere still hopeful at thu time of 
the trial. The cond, is geceral, like 
all the others in the same paragraph. 
In fut. conds. there are no separate 
forms for general and particular sup- 
positions. GMT. 48, R. 1. Though 
the case was reopened by the friends 
of Demosthenes while the rebellion 
was hopeful, the suit did not come 
on until after its suppression. See 
on § 165.2. Introd. § 24. 

13. rrf^vovt: see on § 159. II. 
This portion of the ara.tion, i:1(iBiiig 
nith the usiinl epiphonemn, ia the 
end of the direct proof, canjirmalio. 
The rest is confutatia. The tan Iwo 
secliong (§§ 166, 167) are a bid for 
applause to crown the main effort of 
the prosecution. 

DlORESsios I. Demoathenea tacks oil 
the Tequlsiles of a true friend 0/ the 
people. §§ 16&-176. For the reply, 
c/. Dem. xvio. 122 ff. 

§ leS. 1. Nal oXXi: see on § 2Z. 
1. The form of iwSt^v^n eerves to 
introdnce characteristics of Demos- 

thenes entirely foreien to the indiel- 
ment. but of the utmost importance 
for the speuker, whose main task is 
to Bhow the thorough unworthiness 
of Demosthenes, 

2. iv<|>T)|tlav Tvv \iyitv:fair talk. 
Cf. I g3. 6. In good sense, 1. 169, 
i-lKinron St kuv piv S<ft tV Aifyuv ft- 
ifij^ftti' fTnii'Sf, — f£a'tra'n)STJ(r«r4s mr- 
irtp Kal irpoTipov: (f. Dem. xviii. 142 
(similar warning agnjnst dnieit by 
Aeschinea), a-rep ir;n(rtpo» rvr40ii. 

3. oXrifltLav: in sharp contrast to 
DeTDOslhenes' tbip7)iJa. 

4. JKibrut: see on J 163. 1. — an- 
\a^T( . . , Xs-yov: Uike nn ticrounljroiu 
Iiiiii, as the \oyiirrai are wont to do. 

Cf. S 27. 11. 

G. (Tw^pDVi: as the oligarch is iPfF 
aTiK6s by nature, so the tmc democrat 
is of course modest and temperate. 
These two characteristics are as- 
sumed rather than asserted by the epi- 
thets iriiippaH and faSXct, The latter, 
a general depreciatory epithet, would 
perhaps be more naturally used by 
urjatucrnts of their opponents. It 
must here be interpreted as the oppo- 
site of aiiippiin. 

9 f. Same thought as tinel 1-4, 

^fESCHINES ON THE CROWN 169, 170. 17 

Si. p. 7' 

J69a\X' OTTorepov tov 0iov ifrru'. olfiai Totwv ciTrai/ras av 
ofioXoyrja-ai rdBe Self virap^ai tw 8rj/ioTiKttJ, itpwrov fiev 
eX.ev9ipoi^ tlfat koI vpo<; iraTpo^ <cat 7r/>os /iT^rpd?, ira 
fj.ri Sta TTip irepl to yeVo? d.rv)(iap Bva-n^in]^ p rot? ro- 
6 /iots ot o-w^oucrt T^J* oij/', SevTepou o aTTO Toif 7 
■nporyovotv fiiepyecriai' riva. avrw 77/30? toc Bijixov irrrdp- 
^fctf, -^ TO y' dvayKatorarov pyjSepiav i^dpav, Xva. /itj 
^ori$u>v Tots Twi* TTpoyovdiv d.Tv)(^pa(TL xaKoi'; iTn)(eip^ 
l'3'Oj70tetf TTjv TToktv. TpLrov trtinjipoi/a koI p-irpiov xpij ire- 
^vKivai avTov -npos ttjv KaO' rjpfpap BIohtclv, ottw? t^if 
8(a rrjp d(T£\y€iav rtj<; SaTrafTjs BwpoBoKrj Kara tow Stj- 
/lou, T^rapTOV €vyvmpova. koX Sucarof eiTrctf ■ Kokov yap 

nltli slight verbnl alterrttinns. Tlie 
repeated aitlithesiB is int^ni^cJ Id 
hammer tbe iliouglit in. — toC Xo- 
"fou; pred.gen. of fharaeteriatii^. H. 
732(1. In such toinbinatioiis tlie nrt. 
B regularly used. Kr. Spr. 50, II, 


g 169. 3. i^mlpfoi: Dem. :tTni. 
BuliBtituteS TpoiTfiVoi, — irpwrav 
|uv: AeechtneB is. fond of seriel. Cf. 
5S54ff-.9". I4»ff. 

3. Nal vpjg jti)Tpiit : the point of 
especial significance in this cmc. 

scale of the balance is now 
bfing weighted. Inlo tbe other tlie 
weight' Demnsthenes is Boon 
! placed. Aeaehines himself 
(tress on this side of his own 
pedigree in ji. 14S, iKtoBipam Si iu>i 
(tvnRiST\<tii tlnai iml toJji npis iiriTfAs 

4. ToEi raiuHi : particularlj the 
lawg restricting tbe citixenship, buE 
designedljmadegeneral. Thebreaker 

nr law ts a law-breaker, 

np^owri n]V ET)p.oKpaT(av : rf. 
% 6 Jin. — aini tow TTpOYomuv iwpYt- 
for the Barae appliealion of 

nobtetse oblige, cf. Andoc. it. 26, Sar" 
tfioiyt «ni lid ri rir wpoyirar Ipya •!- 

oA*.i niif yi ifppovii- Tvyxirai. Per the 
application of the opposite case to 
the younger Alcibiadcs, rf. I.ys. sit. 
39 f., Hare vSy xph Jtyva^iyif! itbt/m- 
H^v ix0piiv roVrav cftaj t^ irJ\ri fcara- 

7. -rd ib'a'yKiuJTarov : Bee on g 161. 

§ 170. 1. (Tv^pova; already 
' begged ' in Ihe epithet r^pin, 
g 168. O. — fJrptnv: see on fiirpia, 

3. GvpoGoK'Q : important ilem. See 
01, §9 St. 

4. (uYkviliova,: tike fiyna)ioa6nir, 
line 7, § 174. 1, more moral than in- 
tellectaal, like the Homeric iv^povimr. 

I § >S3 >■ Cf. Andoo. 1 

pfTfT* &v ^vtfift fuyvwiui 


iolentlj joined with Surarhr rhntr as 
forming a single quality. The necet- 
sitj of dlHcriniinatln); between them 
is immediately recognized in the fol- 
lowing, where trpoaiptTaBai ri fltX- 
ibyriftofa, aod v((- 

A12XIN0Y RATA KTH2I*nNT02 170. 171. 

6 r^w fj.ev Sidi/otaiJ irpoaipeurOai to. /Sekntrra, rijv Se Trai- 
Sci'af rijf ToC p-qTopo'; koa. tqv \6yov tt€(0€w tovs 
ot^as- el Se p-q, Tqu y' eiryvuipoiTuvrfV aei iipoTa.KT€ov 
roD \6yov. TrdpTTTOw afSpfiov elvai rrju ipvj^iji', u-a pij 
wapa, TO. Seica eyKaTakiwn tov S^/xoc, TOf S' oXtyap;^t- 
1 10 »(6l' navra Sei TavavTia. tovtoiv ex*"' ' '"^ y^P ^^^ naXw 
Sufie'cai ; a-Keij>acr$e 8i) tl rovrav virdp^ei. A-qp.otrdivii • 

|171 TovTw fraTrip ftiv ^u Arfpotrffeirqi; 6 naLafccu;. eu^p 

i\ev0tpo$ ■ ov yap Sei i/iewSeu^ai • ra S' airb rijs prjTpcK 

6. tidvOMV: like roiitfu and a6- 
■ft, NOV. of ivipect in a very unuaiul 

7. <l ii |l^: ftiri 1/ n eamal have 
MA. UMT. Ga, I, N. 3; U. SOU. 

8. In |»i J^NamXtvii tov StjiMv : a 
vuDipurieuQ with llio Gou<l Shtpliurd 

10. «iun« Sit iwurrfd tovtmv 
Ixnv: must the oligarfh theu be a 
coward 1 In his hasto tu make a 
lotal contraat the spcnkcr forgcU 
what liei nearcBl. 

12. j«l wim iueotaut : in aervrd- 
aiue tnlh Che tiriclesi dennnds »/ jms- 
tice. For the same plirase, rf. I. ijS. 
Detn. vm. 9; n. 88. 

$171. 3. o* Yop Si! i|>nS«ff«w; 
show of candor to inspire iruit. The 
elder Demoethenes was tloabtless a 
weahtiy citizen of whom it could be 



lit bei 

U there bad been Hii;tbiiig 
wrong about him, Aeichines would 
nol hsTt omitted to mention it, to »ay 
nothing of Dinarchus and Hyperi- 
dei. Il suila Ludan {Sum. t2, W»i 
vlir Srra) to talk ambiguously of 
ihe orator's lowly origin; bnt tIi™i 

may refer to the mother. C/., how- 
eier, Jut. x. 130, pater ardentis 
maBsae fuligine Hppus. — rd 
■iini Tiis iiip-pv't: c/. Vint. J)fm. 4, & 
S" Aioxii'Tjt tJfniKf rtpi T^i ii.i)Tp6s, Sit 
tK r6\ui,is Tryot i-w' ahiif itpoSofflnt 
ifvyimi! I'J SffTEwi ytyiJiioi aal Biv 
Bifov yuiaixis, oIik txa)"' 'hrfU elV' 
a\i)9i)t itpTiKfv the ff\iia^fmr Hal 
xaTaitvt6^fta!. Beyond this the 
best modern atitharitiea catinat go. 
Both Grole (XI. c. 87, p. 68, note) 
and Schafer (I. p. 241), howeyer, 
conclude that Gylon'a wife was in all 
probability a Greek. It waa much 
easier for Demosthenes, aj well as 
more palatable to an Athcntaii jury, 
to mnlcli this thrust by an Dgly 
retort («/. ithi, tag ft.), tlian to re- 
fute it elaboralely. It was a Ticioos 
I'ustoni at Athens to insinuate ille- 
gitimacy of opponents. Cf. Dem, 
im, 68. floi» (sc, Androtion] ir rait 

■di it BovAttv jcoXcpp iavToS 0t^Tieiu 
■at i* B'^Tiiimr, ifHtrat e! /idrn* rh 
tiaiurriiMir (JjcoJo/iWij. Lys. un. iS; 
ixx. z, 27. Il is not unlikely that 
many passed as Athenian citizens 
whose claims would not bear a 





Kai TOW iraTTirov tov Trpo? fiTjTpb^ ttws e^ei aurw ; Vvkiov 
^v ix Kepafieayv oSros trpoSovs Tois TroXtjUiots Nu/a- 
5 ^atOf TO «V IloiTM, Tore r^s irdXecus i^ovai)-; to ')((iiptov 
ToOro, (f)vya.<; dn eiaayyeXia? tV rij? TrdXews eyevcTO, 
TT^v KpLO-tv ovx^ VTTOfif.tva'i, Kol dif>tKP€iTai €1? BdcrTToyaov, 
Kaiftt \ap.^d.veL OQipeai/ trapa TtSv Tvpdi/vaiif Toii^ wvo- 
nSpatjp.evov; K-rjirovi, Kctt ya^ei ywaiKa jrXovcriav /xev i^r 
At'a Kai ■)(pv<Tiov eTiif^tpopiirqv iroKv, "ZkvOiv Se to yc- 
cos, ef ^S ytyvovT at Ovyajipii; Suo, as etfeivos SeOpo 

3. FvXbiv 1]V (K Kipajituv: as if 1>e- 
^nning; an important etor;. Cf. Xen. 
An. i. 1. fl, KKiapx'S AaKtBaifidruis fu- 
7^1 t|v. CeramicuB was one of tbe 

4. irpoGe^ Tolt iroXipiCaLs NiSft- 
^ouv: Nynipliaeum wae a harbor 
just n few miles south of Paiitica- 
pueum (modern Kertsch), the prio- 
eipal oily of Che Tauric Chersonese, 
which was thickly dotted with Greek 
cities, qf. Strabo vii. 4, xi. 2. See 
App. The charge of betraying it to 
llie enemy prob. arose oat of the fact 
that iu the doting years of the Pelo- 
ponnesian War, when Athens in her 
weakness could not hold her distant 
possessions, Gylon was her agent in 
turning over to a friendly power what 
was already slipping from her gmap. 
It seems that even Demoslheiiea' guar- 
dians alleged no more than that Gylon 
was fined. Cf. Dem. xxviil. I, tWi 
(sc. Aphobus) yip ii! b TiliiTai Siif'eihc 
T^ iiifiotriif, Hal iiii TtLoff & Trarijp ovk 

XfKino Ti itpis Ti)v riMy. 


bly, then, Gylon spent Ih 

latter pari 

of bis life in Athens. 

G. tA xuplov Tdvro: 

r.e. Nym- 


6. M .lo-ayiAloj: see 

on § 3. 9, 

a.ui App, 




Toi rairrtiv, In 3" /KpeiKav i-reKfirqair 

Denioithenes then ijnmediatply pro- 
ceeds to prove that Ihia fine wna paid 
before Gylon's death. Cf. ibid, a, iit- 
i(ff9i) Ta xp^fiam Ha.) irtti-r' ailr^ Sic- 

9. Kiiiravs: colony of Miletns near 
Phanagoria, tlie principal city on the 
Asiatic side of the Cimmerian Bos- 
phorui. Cf. Strabo, li. 2. 10. Noth- 
ing further is known as to this charge. 
In a temporary enforced retirement 
from Athens, Gylon wonld naturally 
And a friendly reception with the 
prince with wbom he had had pleas- 
nnt business relations. 

§ 172. 2. tm+tpoiJviiv : vox pro- 
pria of the property which the bride 
brings with her. Cf. Lys. xix, 14, 
tiiy ifiiiv jiTjT^pa (\a8fp oiiSlf ^ri^fpa- 
HfrqK. The corresponding word for 
the head of the family tiho furnishes 
the dowry is 4aiSoSnii. This dowry 
laid the foundations of tliat fortune 
over ivbieh Demosthenes struggled 
with Ilia gusrdiRna.—Sici'etv: see on 
§ lyt. 2. Cf. II. 78, iK t£„ ro^iSui, 
SKii9wy tJ) -rpht: /ijiTphs yiyas &v. Di- 
narch. I. 15 in nothing but an echo of 

AI2XIN0Y KATA KTH2IW1NT05 172. '73- 

riatncteiJs, ef ^s vf^lv ovTocrl 6 TT(.pUpyii<; Kal 

flfTO. TToWwC XPW 

6 iripa-v oTtoSi^TroTE, 
iripav iyjjfie wapi 


(TVKo^a.i'TTj'i yeryevrjTaL. ovkovv awo p.ef tow iraTnrav ttoXi 

^t09 ctf etTj Tiw Sfj'/iw, ^aj/aTov yap avToD (caTeyvwrc, ra 

10 8' affo Tijs jirfTpo^ %Kv6j)<i, ^dp^apo^ ikXrjvttfiiV t^ ^lavjj • 

nSodev Kal TYiv TtovTjptav ovk eTTi^wptds iart. irepl Be -njc 

Kaff T)p.epav SCairav Tt's ioTiv ; ck rpiTjpdpxov \oyoypd.- 







>. Tfl* i^V! 



6. irofHiiaf ToO» vojiout ; disregard- 
ing, etc. Cf. § 250. 2, Marrying a 
foreign wife And taking the conie- 
quHnces of illegitimale children would 
not make a law-breaker. But as Dc- 
masthenes waa born in 381 B.C., it ia 
not improbable tliat his mother was 
born before 403, the date of the en- 
actment of tlie law in question. See 
SciiuDianu, I. p. 3G8. She was, Id that 
case, Gy lull's legitimate daughter. 
Had tliere been anj question of the 
oralor'g legitimacy, it would undoubt- 
edly hare been raised in the Ittigation 
with his guardians. 'Aesthines here 
anil elEPwhere carries the effect of a 
law of his own time farther back than 
the time of its enactment.' Wool- 

7. iMpUpYOt : biisi/bodg. Cf. Dem. 
IVllI. 72, irtp«[p7oa/«ii ti-tv iyii iripl 

i irtiffOtiaa i>i>f. Quint, viii. 3. Gfi, 

8. woX^^ios Ttf St|^ : on (be priii- 
ciple of I .69. 7, 

9. Savarov: see on § 171. 4. 

XI. njv iravitplav oiix ^inx<><P">« = 
" barbarian vices " makes a capital 
turn to the story for an appeal to the 
jury, but it oTerlaps the followinB 
member of the aeries. The first two 
members bBTe likewise not been kept 
~ ilar charge, c/". u 


■1 ydp JT 

I r^. , 

' >-h 

§173. 1. inpl StoiTau: cf. § 174 
i*n. ,- for the more usual ncc. of re- 
spect. Cf. S 172 Jin. 

2. JK TpiTipapxou XffyoYpci^ : " be- 
ing a spendthrift, he lost his property 
and had to go to writing speeches for 
B living," a very malicious turn to 
gire to the loss of his property 
through the fraud of his guardians. 
There is gleeful triumph in tiie word 
Tpnipipx'"- Id the midst nf the en- 
tanglements of the suit with his guar- 
dians a trtcrarcliy was forced upon 
him by their machinations. Miditu, 
at whose drubbing of Demosthenes 
the samo glee is expressed in § jz. 6, 
was one of the instruments of the 
guardians in this matter. Cf. Dem. 
ixi, 7S-80. Still Demosthenes was 


^os aiic<}>di>7}, KarayeXdoTd)^ to. ira/rp^a irpoefio'O'; • avt- 
OT05 Se KOI irepl raura Sofa? «i/ai, Kai rovs Xoyous 
' €Kif)€piov rot? a^TiSiKot?, dfeTnjZyjero' itrl to (Sijfia ■ jrXei- 
OTov S' e/c T^; iToXtretas clXtj^ws dpyvpiov iWd^iara 
irepienonja'aTo. vw p.€VTOi to ^a.<Ti\i,Kov j^pvaCov iiri- 
K€KkvKe rrpf Sawdvrjv airov, corai 8' ouSe tov^ iKavov 

-wealthy enough to be n Yolunteer 
trierarch again in the Enboean war, 
357 B.C. C/. Bern, xviii. go, rUr iOi- 
KonSiv riri TpiitpApxav rpSroi' yero- 
liimr if ri\ii, £>> ih iv iy,i. At this 
TSTj time he nsB engaged in his career 
of Aoyoypi^i, so that the aDtitheais of 
the present passage is merelj' rtietori- 
cnl. That the work d( a lioyaypd^io! 
was not disgraceful is attested by the 
fact that Antiphon, Lyaiaa, Isocrates, 
laaeuB, UypcTides, and Dlnarchus all 
engaged hi it. The practice of the 
Athenian courts, requiring contest- 
ants to speak in person, made this hon- 
orable occupation aUo very lucrative. 

3. KaTa^tXaoTus : disrepulnhh/, Cf. 
I. 31, 43, ;6. — -ni iraTfHiia irpo/fifvos; 

tf. I. 170, iv€,Ai, tJjC TTOTp^DV oJofav 

4. Kol inpl Taura: in this also, aa if 
he had already been a bad trierarcli. 

5. ^K4i^pav: difulging, explana- 
(ory of the preceding. On the 
charge, ef. II. 165, rit St ix ipiirtu! 
■wpotinit rii! xpJ) esaipfTii; cux ii ni 
To7i ^^TByxilmtiiri idol r^meirram k(- 
Xpijffai, Kiyom «is iwaoT^pia ^piifopTn 
liurBov TBiimus iKi^ipeii- tuIs imSUon : 
fypa^ias Xiyay ^op^itori j^ TpartiWy 
Xpiimra JiaB<ir ■ roin-oii i(iii/tyKas 

ravTi topuiuva. This was a charge 
to which one composing speeches on 
opposite sides in the same affair 
would be liable. Schafer (III, Bei- 
lagB v. p, 178) coneeilea that Aeschl- 

nes may hare had some reason for 
making the charge. Demosthenes 
prob. maile no secret to Apotlodorus 
of all that be was going to urge 
against him, and, to bring the family 
troubles to n peaceable solution, ac- 
companied this communication with 
advice to compromise the suit. All 
this might be done with no disad- 
fantago to Phormio. For a similar 
perversion of a fact, see on g 103 in. 
— aViin{Si|(rtv tirl TO prjfici: with ref- 
erence to nemoslhenea' impetuous 
manner. Cf. S 149. 5. But r/ § 97.2, 

tion that politics was the last resort 
of one who had eshausted every other 
chance is one which Demostlienes re- 
torts. Cf. Dera. :<vni. 263. iruSi 
iroT« Kol Tofr' iryjKSe aoi iroi^ai. 
/I:ld, 130 (slightly diilerent), xBis tnl 
•Kp'^t^v &fi' 'ABTtfoios Kol ^Tup yiyoyr. 
Demosthenes' first Jij/iijTopfa was the 
Oration on the Sjmmories, 364 B.C. 

6. Jk Tip woXtTtfat ilXii^ui ifTfi. 
piov : put as a matter of course, tlie 
main stress falling on the fact that 
he has been such a spendthrift as to 
aavi nothing of all this. 

7. poinXucDV Xfxn'lov: <f. S§ 156 
fin., iogjia., 239 f. Dioii. xvii. 4, xaWi. 
yip xjrIiiiaTA ijiaaiv nfrrii' (iXij^^Mu rapi 
ntpaar, T™ ToAiTnJi)Tei icari MaK»W- 
Bwy ■ Trip) Zf Kal rhy Alir^fi^ii ^atr, 

f.6yay Tiiv SupaSuKlay, tlriTy vvv /lit- 

BvV ir.. 

y airoS 




ovScts yap irwroTc ttXowtos Tp&irov TTepixyiveTo ■ Kai to 

10 KttfuiXaiov, TOJ' 0lov ovk ck twv Ihttov irpoaohmv iropt^e- 

74Tat aW ex TWf vjieTepo)!' Kip&vpoiv. irepl S' fvyvatfioav- 

vqv KaX \6yov hvvapiv ttw? n£<j>VKe! Sttvo? Xeyeiv, kako; 

^luJi/ai. ouTw ya/J Kf)(pr}rai. Koi tw iavTov o-tofian Koi 

iraihoTTOua. <u<tt ifie pr/ ^lyvKsaOai Keyeiu a roilra* ire- 

& npaKTat ■ i^Sr/ yap Trore elSoc ^tcnj^ei'Ta? tou; ra rwi/ 

ttXtjitioi' aio"j(/>a Xiai' (ra^w; Xeyovra^- eTretra Ti tru^- 

^ai'fti rp TToXft; oi ^ec Xdyot xaXot, to. S* epya <|>ai)Xa. 

KriTrp^s S^ dv&plai' jSpa^us ^ot XeiVertw Xoyos. et pep yap 

>;/'. I'lul. />e»i, 14, KoraKcxXuff^^vat (in 
tliP ■iiinn I'nnncctinn). Tlic immense 
wvhIiIi ut I'erain in like an oierflon 
of tliD NUo- 

9. «iM» lAovToi rpimv wtpM- 
yi*m: ef. %% 78 .«.,.. siS. 5. The 
*]wniltlir)ti'i difflculty ii radical, a 
fault of uliaractcr. 

9 174, 1. tif'tt^^'ivn*: r/". g 170. 
4. Wc now >vD how nriitldat anJ at 
ikmv time how iionrly obterved i* ilie 
claailflcMtiun of qualitios made in 
31 i6g. 170. Aa llie speaker miut 
mncvite that l>«maithcncs to fcirii 
^t)*tr, all that is left for ilisroMton 
untlvT th« (ourih quallAcatlon to i^ 
yrwariW a matter of citaracter, in- 
tf parablp ttnm tbc third qualiflcalian. 
$ 174 vuiitaln* iiu snbttaiiiial adrariM 
u|ii>n ihn- thiiught of S 173. 

3> •4*« f4^ M']^ni«t i[*X. : for an 
«<hik »f ihii and 11. i^ijk ^. Ath. fi9S *. 

■(•.tKrvnt 'ltMi»*^rrA. BnttlMM 

aud lb* xuAUj otlKT v«ic«* U>M kw 
nWHtlM vitt Umw ar* uM Mttroti- 
lilt. Sm «« S 16a. I!; ir htuMtjr 
•vMwMf tl tal wilw, tbr otWr bott^ 
■wilM- <MMk*r.' aMl '«Mk«r b; 

with the severe features o( the por- 
trait BtHtaes of Demostheuea. See 
Schafer, I. pp. 305 f£. and on g 255. 0. 
Stilt it appears that no chscges of 
licentiouanesi were ever made against 

4. wrf if.i )ii] ^i!X«r4ai Uy(iv: 
calculated to convej the impression 
Ihnt there was something worse in this 
case than ordinary debauchery. Cf. 
I. 13), ii amylplai <ial mrailfai irffKa- 
fitrat Totniw. (i.e. BstoAdi). n, 99, 
For a similar charge, coupled with 
the same insinoalion of something 
too bad to tell, we on § t6z. 8. Such 
innuendoes are more effectiTe than as- 

6. Vm mi: mang lima alreadj. 
Cf. Eur. Hi,./.. 375, fl., inr" iMw 
nwrtt tr fivifiif xP^rr- parodied Ar. 
AaJL 931. There is hardly a special 
r«f«r«iK« here to iiis own experience 
in the suit agMoat Timarchn*. It to 
ntlbtr a gtnaal icflection, alUiougfa 
Um B»uaie dcnent to not rerj promi- 

: inftveUtalftofafcirtiX^ 

yta, «rii <J«M. TW only kdrsMe 

(nun ihat ckaif atithLaii to KaiM^ 

bT pMttiag tin naphiw wa tj wAn. 

£ ITS. \. awiryi^ V<«~ "*■■■ 



6 \oyos dv /iot irapu)(€.v • cVetSi) Se Kat avros 6/ioXoyet 
cv Tats lKKK-q<Tiai<; Kol Vfj.el'i irwiaTS, \olttov vTTop.vrj(Tai 
5 Tous Trepi. TOVTiov Ket/iO'ous I'd/ions. 6 ya^ SoXwi- o 
jToXaios vojioBerv)^ ip tois aw7ors iinTi.pLOL'i meto Sctv 
ivi^ea-dai top da-rpdrevTOP Koi top XeXoiiroTo. Tiji" Tti^in 
Kol TOP BetXov 6/XOICU5. KaiTOL Bavp-dcreLev dp Tis vpSiv, 
€1 et(Tt ({tvcreaxi ypa^ai. eto-tV. riVo; eceKa ; ii- e*(aoTOS 
10 yfpSip 70,5 e/c Twi' popajp ^■yjp.ia<; <^oj8oiJ/xei'05 yxaXXov 17 
Tou? TToXefAtou? dptipuiv aywvioT^s vrrep ttjs TraT/3iSo5 

74, ouTDi TiliTf t (JTifUji inia ri trii^utTn, 
Ti Si xp^finra flx"")' — i?«To8ttv: the 
same phrase 19 also need of Solon in 

7, lvt'x«rtai: similar const, with 
(lat.withoiit<^,Deni.L:. ii,to?i iaxi- 
TOH ir.r,^l<.., ivi(,T<u. Of. § 121. 4, 

Taw ipa:! Mxa"'- Lyonrg, 78, 97.— 
Tov oDTp«iT«uTOV ktK, = uot & merely 
rhetorical tripling of a single fault, 
Gf' Lys. XIV. 7i irjotPM^^ ^^V "''V p'J^v 
fx6you aJnhv (vo'j(^op tlxtjn • iunpaTfla\ 
fifv y&Lp SiK^iut hy airrhy oAwvcu, Zrt 

aliK i-refiiKBt /iff Sliar arpaToreSeiiS- 

this charge, 1 
(c/ §§ 148,152. 155. '59. ■63, 176,181, 
1S7, 2z6, Z53), ia non, after the fash- 
ion of both rival orators, put as some- 
thing too well known to need comment- 
's'^ S§ S3. 7, 144- 4- Dem. xviit. 50. 
Furthermore, for extra piqnancy (c/. 
Dem, IX. 54), Demosthenes himself is 
represented as freely confessing it. 
For a valid defence on the main 
point, cf. Dera, iviii, 245, Prob. the 
story, Aul, Gell. ivii. 21, 31, cum 
Domoslhenei, quod fugerat 
probrose objice 



i^V 6 
IS fiction 

pare and simple, like the story of his 
saying to Ihe hush that caught his 
cloak, iiiypii (Dec. Ornlt. Vil., p. 846). 
An earlier charge of AwoTofla (ii. 
148) resled simply on the fact (hat, 
during the Euboean campaign, De- 
mosthenes went home to perforin the 
*(iToi'p7(a imposed upon him. See 
Scbiifer, II, pp. 95 B. 

5. £oX»v: see on §2. 4. 

6. imnfilaii ; neut. Tlie penalty 
consisted in being excluded from the 
deliberations of the ixKiiiala (i. 29; 
Dem. IV, 32 ; Ly». x, i), without 
confiscation of property (Andoc. i. 



The same threefold division occurs 
Andoc. I, 74, 

8. liiMCut : nearly otiose with toJi 
hSto7[. — Baufutouv dv tij : r/^ 1. 1 7, 

ft .liW: causal. See on § 147. 6. 
— <^iiT«us Ypiu^aC: indictments Jbr rx 
natural I'n/irwily. 

10. 4>oPoii|Uvo« |iaUov ; i.e. fear is to 
cure that very constitutional defect. 
For the same idea of the office of 
punishment, c^ Lycui^, 10; Xen, j4n, 
ii. 6. 10 (Clearchus' iilea), it iJoi riv 
UTp^riiiTTii' ipaBtTirdai fM\Kov tAv ip- 




AI5X1N0Y RATA KTHSl*nSTOS 176. 177. 

I 176yt')TijTa[, o fifv toiitji' vofLo$^n]^ tou a.(Trpa.T€VTov koX 
TOP SetXof Kal Tov Xuroira r^c to^lv €^10 tSiu trepLppav- 
Tqpiom T^s dyopai; i^eCpyei ■ ovk oSf ea crreipca'ova'Bai 
ov5' ettrieVai eis to. lepei rci B'qp.or^XTJ • av Se tok darc- 
5 (j>di'(iiTov tK Toyf uopa)f (ceXeuet; ij^a; a~T€<^a.vovu, (cat r^ 
crauroG iprfrftLaiiaTi rov ov irpocrqKovTa ^laKaKtt'; tois 
TpayaiZoi'i €is t^v 6p)(^<npa.v, €is to tepoc tow Aioi'vcrov 
Tov Ta tepa Sta StiJu'ai' TrpoSeStoKoTO. 

"Iftt Sf pi) airOTrXacoi ujua? ixTro ttjs VTro^eVetos, CKCii/o 

10 pfpvTjtrO^ OTO-v <{>y S-ij/iOTtKOS eli'ai ■ dtutpiiT avrov pi} 

TOP X-oyov aXXa TOf ^I'of, xat trxoTreiTc fi^ rt's ([>7)o-tv 

flvai aXXa Tts farai. 

I 177 'Kiret Se (TTi^dj/<av dftpv^aOrjv Kal Swpewv, etos ert 

T1X1] ; aoe Beklter, Antril. I. p. 240, t* 

176. 2. «pippBVTi|plsl' : 3/w« eon- 
stfultd iy spriatlrHg. PuriScatory 
odertaga were la camman with tbe 
Greeks m with the Jeira. Before tbc 
openiog of the basiness procenliiigs 
in the ixn^itaiiL, & prieet caninl Broimd 
& suckling pig Bud ipriakled llie place 
with iu blood, performiDg thus n con- 
secratian. See Schomana. Aniig. of 
Grtf^, L p. 382; Aammblies of tht 
Athtniant, Chap. viii. Cf. 1. m. 

3. iiYopai:not theinar1[et-p]Hee,but 
theiu»inMj/. See on § 111. □. — ovk J$ 
o-n^vavff4(u: ii is not likely that nny 
lawforbade the criiwningof anSri/iot. 
Tlist would go without saying. Aesr 
chines, in his desire to bring in his main 
point (sea on { 159 /n.), is putting in 
a little innocent interprelRtion o[ tbe 

pDi i ipx'ii wliere, however, the inter- 
prets tion is kept dlitinct (mtn the Uw. 

4. .tcrWvEii »rA. : c/. 1. 1S3 = [Deni.] 
LIX. 85-87, ip- iT yip l* ^oixii a\v 
yiiyatitl. uix^r' tiiarir airrf iKBiTr tit 
aith Ti/r iifiSiv rSir 8i|,uoTtAaJ*, — Sthu- 

7. Tpai>p£oW: <lBt. of time. See 
on §§ 34. 0, 36- 8- 

6. T^v ToL i(p«l irpoEcSwiniTa ; ncc. to 
tbe Btrnined construction of r..vcurg. 
78, Ti yltp Toerea )iipas iK\t\tifitiiir/i 
(/.B. ^ TaTpIs) tdTs imKenliiis {nroxflpiit 
toTiy. Cf. id. 17, 45, 97, 144. Ly. 
curgTis' recent plea (see on § 251 /«.) 
may have furnished Aeschines with 
tliis suggestion. 

9, Iva %i |i^ dvovXaiw ktK. : = § 190 
in. See on § 76 Ji«. This is a phrase 
peculiar to Aeschinea. 

DiaiiESSiON II. On lie hmor! am-- 
feirtd b'l (Se stale and mi ike roniHtion of 
the alale in old times. §§177-190. For 
the answer, cf. Dem. XFllt. 314 ff. 
Blnss (An. Btnd. in. 2. p. 100) re- 
gards [he epiiogae in the widest sense 
as beginning at this point rather than 
at § 230. 

AESCHINES ON THE CROWN" i??, 178. 18. 

(lefivrjiiai., TrpoXe'yw vfji.iv, Z dcSpes 'A^iji'aZoi, et fiT) Kctra- 
kvaere ras ai^Oovov; Scitpea; koX tous eiK^ StSo/xeVous 
(TTeifxivov^, ovff 01 TtfLMiiepQL X'^/"" '^j^^'' etcroi^ai oute 

B 7a 71)? iroXews vpa.yfLa.Ta. ttot eTTa.vop8ti}ffi)<TeTat. on S' 
aXT/Brj Xeytu, peydka rovrotv ot/tai, (njnela Sei'^eic u^tv. 
178£i yap Tis ufias epioTyjtrete iroTepou Vfilu efBo^oripa 
aoKfi Tj TToXts elyai, ctti. 7wj' I'uct Kaipwu tj iiri twu 
TT/Joyofcof, anaPTii av 6po\oy7)iTaLT€ otl eVt raJf Trpo- 
yovdif. dcSpes 8e iroT^pov Tore d/:Aeti'ou5 ^(rav ^ uufi; 

6 707e pkv oi.a<f>epoiT€s, wvi. ok ttoXXw Ka7a5ee'crTepot. oat- 
peal Bk Kal (TTdfftavoi. Koi icijpvy para Kal (TtTijcrei^ ev 
■7TpvTai'cC<^ TTOTtpov 707e TrXei'ous r) wpi; rort pkv ^v 
OTrdcia TO. Toiavra irap' vplv koX to r^s dpETiJs oi'Oju.a 

§ II!. 1. tm In. |iM'|iini|uu : the 

speaker nims at the appearance of 
Bpeskmg extempore. See an § 57. 3. 

the artijiavaiiaBai, etc,,ot § 1 76)11 11 stead 
of being lugged in, had oceurred to 

2. irpeU-yu: c/. § 5. 6. The lack 
of in here ie noticefthle. It is as if 
5ti, not being put in at the prop, 
place for it, were forgotten after the 
condit. sent. With an opposite result, 
though the principle is similar, Sri is 
sometimes repeated- Cf. Xen. An, 
vii. 4. 5, (\i-yiv, Sti, (J ^i) HtTaBiaor- 
roi, St, xarsxct^c. t&, K^^a,. 

3. GwpiDs: always used for the hon- 
orable gifts from the state, dupov 
had sinialer associations. Cf. SupoS6- 
inma, iiifiur ypaipi. 

4. oiie" Di TifiBiMvoi : there seems no 
doDbt that llie Athenians had cheap- 
ened these honors very much, and Chat 
AeschineB is making a capital point 
here. The whole topic, however, 
seems an echo of Dem. xxitr. \g6 ft. 







c/. Den 

oritic'ir rather than Ttx/iiipiair, as some- 
thing ' plain for all folks to see.' 
Usual in the combination aT)/ifiBr S4- 
yip. Cf. Deni. XVIII. 285. 

§ I7S. 4. £vSpcg El iroTtpov ktX.: 
Aeachines sometimes uses a series of 
questions and answers willi efiect. Cf. 
§§ 20, 186; I. 28, 154. Because he 
does tills BO much less than Demos- 
thenes some ancient critics, as Her- 
mogeaes, fouii<l him jnouolonouE and 
drowsy. See Biasa, All. Hired. III. 
2, p. 213. 

5. &La^'poyrai : i^iiiiiipnl ; ahs. use 
already freq. in Is oc rates. 

6- iriTiffrfis iv vpvTDiVi(y: see on 
§ 196- 2. 

8 ff.-TDTt |Uv ii» o-miviii itA. : for an 
:f. Nep. Mil. 6, uC enim 


■ Rom 


: fuis 

c olir 

apud Athe; 


elaborate balancing of clauses is Ieo- 
cralio. GJ. § 179. 4. 

9. KOiTiiWirXvTiu : washed out, more 
speaking nielaphor than Nepos'equi v., 
obsoicti. The prep. 
— TO vpaYtMi; opp. to 

10. ii n 

,5 contrasted with /k 
o.;«p, § 177.3. 
iiv £™rov ■.'/.§242. 
turn, of. SS 2JO, 244, 

4. For a s 
2SO, 25S. 

2. SLaXeYi^aji^mt : when ive refleel, 
dflt. of interest in loose relation. G. 
184,6; H. 771a. 

3. ttval: Bubj. of StottJ* ((Vrr). 

6. j-y<l TDvO' V|uic tirix<H>^<r« SiGo- 
rKiiv : " it is absurd, but 1 tvill try to 

6. tiravKtlv: competilora in the 
Olympic games were obliged to show 
that the; bad been in regular train- 
ing for ten monlbs. See Guhl and 
Koner, Li/e of the Crrelrs and .RoninNS, 
p. 216. Cf. 1. Ep. Cor. ix. 2G, •Sr H 6 

7. lis: /•"'• — iTTf+aviTiiv ayiiueni: 

the four great national game* of 
Greece with their well-known crowns 
of leaves. Cf. Arist. Rhtl. i. 2, oTor, 
Srt Aeopitbs trTt^virriv hrfwutL rtifiitJi- 
Ktf, iKoi'hi' fiTflt in 'OxiifLrut tftptrnt- 
Mcr. Ljcurg. 51. Games in which 
prizes of iaCriDsic value were awarded 
belonged not only to the Homeric 
age and the later dajs of degencracj, 
but also to the best dajs of athletics 
in Greece. For a partial list, cf, 
Find. 0. vii. 83 S. Even in the tour 
great games valuable gifts followed 
tlie Ticlore, over anil above the costo- 
mnrj crowii. Cf. Dem. xx. 141, /icyl- 
DTai BlSoTt Ik iravrbc tdu jjiiiiou Suptks 


8, ira-yicpdTiov : cognate acc. G. 
150, R; H. 710 a. Of. Hdt. vi. gi, 
itdTat'SXop iwairit^eas. ix. 105, irifp 
■nrrfipiriov iTtiu!ii1)iras. This was re- 
garded as the direst contest, t1 Twf 
Bapv'P"" StaoJi'. Cf. Xenophanei, ii. 
5, T* Beii'ii' fitfl^Di' t -raryniiiTUiv (bAibv 
<r<v. It waa introduced 01. SS (648 
n.c.). Sec Gulil and Koner, £i/e ef 
Ihe Brents and Romans, p. 326. It 
consisted of a combination of boxing 
and wrestling, subject of coarse la 
some regulations to prevent it from 
becoming 0. rough and tumble flght. 



Tifitov ' vwl S' j}Sti KaTawdnXvTai to irpayfia, kcu. to 
I 179 orei^ai'oSi' ef edov<; aW ovk ix irpovota.'i TToieLirOe, ovk 
oZv aTOTTOv oi/rottrt StaXoyii^o/ieVots Tas fitv hoipea.^ vwl 
TrXeious cluat, 7a Se TTpdypaTa rijs TroXeais totc ^aXXov 
iff^uetc, Kcti T0U5 dfS/jas vvv piv ■)(cCpov<; eicai, Tore S' 
5 dp-cifov^ ; ey(i> rovd' vpa<; ini.\eipy}<T<ii StSacrKeiv. oietrff' 
av TTOTC, w aiiSpes 'A^ratot, e^eX^trai Tiva iiraa-Ktiv 
€ts Ta 'OXvpTTia Tj €15 aXXoi' riva twc a-Tei^avnwi' ayw- 
v<av TTayKpoLTiov tj koI clXXo ti rav ^apvripoiv aOXtav, el 

I 6 trretftavo'i eStSoro fji/f) tw KpaTiaTtit a\Xa toi htawpa^a- 

ISOfiof^; ouS' c's av ttot ■q6i\-q(7£V. vvv S', Std to 
a-jrafiou Kai Trfpipa^TOv kcll koXov k<u a.^ip.i'jjiTTov eivat 
TO viKav 9d\ov<TL Tifts TO. a-at para irapaOe^i.t^'ot Kat 
Tas /xeyt'oras TaA.at7rcopias wo/xeu' aires SiaiftvSui'euea'. 
S wTToXajSere roLuw v/ia.'; avroi"; elfai ay (i)Vo6 era's ttoXi- 
TtK^S dptTT}^, KaKiiv' iKkoyCtraaOe, otl iav pAi/ ras Stu- 
pea? oXtyois teal d^ioi.'i koX Kara Toin; vofiovi StSwre, 
TToXAou! aydji'tcrrii? efere t^s aper^s, eav oe tq> jSouXo- 
^o-ft) Kal row Stairpafa/xeVo« \apll,ria-0€, Koi ras iintt,- 

p^lfceis <}>v<Tti,<; SiA^de/jEire. ort 8e op6^% Xcyw, crt fJn,Kp^ 


(7/ Aritt. Mei. i. 6, d Suyi/itvo, tA 

miKTiKdtt 6 i* aft^Tfpoti Tpi^on iiiLy- 
KpaTiairTix6t. Luc. Demon. 49. Fhi- 
lostr. Imag. ii. 6. 

9. T^ SuLirpa£a|uV(p : to our who has 
cheated Aia wai/ ihrvitgh. Cf. %% itto 
fin., 232 Jin. Time, i, 131. 2, vul /, 
H<y tJjc ((/htJji- ^oirJuTti (sc. Pauaa- 

HioTfiafiJ^tvot E«TC|]oi' J£^A#(v- Schol. 
ibid,, ri ir/'aaaSat ri rapi roit fyxoiai 
liair|Kl{ai7Sai A^ycroi. Of the striut 
fsimeaa with which the Olympiu 
gHinea were managed the importance 
of the office of 'EAAuaSfxiii (cf. I'aua. 
t. 9. 4 I.) and the great number of 
atatDCB of Zeus erected at Olymiiia 
[ram finea imposed upon orFenilcrs 
igainst Ihe rulea of the games (r/. 
PaoB. V. 21. 2) are proofa. 

ISO. 2. <Twi»vev: the main point 
of compariaon, yet the climax is effec- 
tive. — (i<l|iti]<rniv : favorite word wilh 
Aesch. C/.§t4&_fin.;u.tSo, — thai. 

3, *apaS<')i(M>L ; hazarding. Cf. the 

Hotaeric phraee, ^uxcti Tapf>V '>'<>< 

cHJtr iXKoioMoiai ^('parrti. Fatal re- 
sults from boxing were not unkoown. 
Cf. Pau8. vi. g. 3. 

4. ToXaiiruplM ^ nims is a promi- 
nent element of tile games in Pindar. 
Cf. 0. V. 15 ; I. i. 42 ; y. 10. See on 

S 179- e. 

5. JiroXaPfT( ktA. ; see on § 153. 
I. — afuvoStTas; primary meaning, 
,,iU.l^r or dirccf^ of gu^e>. Cf 
Dem. V. 22, tA niffia Btivai (of I'bilip). 
IX. 32, riBijat nir t4 HiBia, Itht Hurii 
/ih rapp, Toiit Soiftoat (tYurrftT^aoprns 
WfiTd. In common uae, andperhajis 
here, equiv. to iBAoBtrii! and BpaPtin. 
judges, iuoiiai the 'ZMvuiiKai. Willi 
tbAitik^i ipcrQs the vord nakeE r 
fine metaplior, wbith tlie speaker Is 
reluctant to drop. Cf. line B, § 232. 9. 

S, ry pDvXoiu'vv: i.e. mere desire 
unaccompanied by ileseria establishes 
no claim for a pri£e. 

g 181, Maraliion and Salamii were 
□n ererj Athenian orator's tongue, 
and the allusion comes in here very 
naturally. But it was destined to gire 
a singular appropriateness to the in- 
comparable climax of the great reply. 


AI2XIN0Y KATA KTH2I*nNT05 181-183. 

rra^ea-Ttpou vfias ^SouXo/iai StSafot. -norepov vfilv afi.a- 
vwv avrjp ctvai SoKei 0eju,iiTroKX^? 6 UTparqyqcra'it o^"' 
ev T^ TT€pi "^aXaplva. vavpa,^ta. tov Hiprrqv ipLKare, 

5 Affpoa-defrji; 6 vvul r^f rd^n' \ni<av; MiXnaSi^? Se o 
Ti)u ei* VLnpaBfuvL p,a.^v HKTjyas; eTt S' ot airo C>uX^s 
ij)€vyovTa Tov Bijixov KaTayayovrt'; ; 'AptoTet'Si^s 5' 6 r^v 
Q.Sidv6p.oiov e^&if iiravvfiiav Arjp.oo'Bei'ei ; aXX' eytoye yxd 
TOWS Beov^ TOWS '0\w/iTn'ovs ouS' ei' rai? airats J)pApai.% 
d^LOP p.€p.vTJa-Oai tov Oi^piov tovtov KaK^ivatv 
rSiv avSpaii. iTTiBet^dTOi tolvvv AvjiioaOev-rj^ iv tw av- 

B TOV Xo-yco, ei ttov yeypaTTTaC Ttca tovtcoc rwy avSpStv 
aT€if>ai'Si<rat. a.^d.pitno'i dp' ^v 6 S^/xos ; ovk, dXXa p.f.ya- 
\6^ptiiv, KOLKfwoi ye t^? xoXeois aftot ■ ov yap woito Set 
a* Tots ypappaci TLpatrSai aXX eii t^ p-in^p-Q twu €v 
TreiTOfBoTcov, ■^ aTT* efceipou roO ^dfov p-^Xpf- TJjfrSe t^s 
10 yjpepas dddva,TO<; oScra Sia^ecet. Siu/^cas Se Ticas iXdfi- 
^avov d^Lov iiTTL p.Vfj(Tdy}i'ai. 
^183 'Ho-oi' Tives, ai afSpes ^Adrjvaloi, koto. tov5 totc KOt- 

Dem. XTiit. 308. In the maalerlj turn- 
ing of this allusion, ev^n more than 
in the verdict of the jurj, Aesuhincs 
mnst have fell his own inferiority. 

6. ol «ri ^vX.ij« «iA. : see on § 1S7. 
II. Among tliese new founders of tlie 
democracy after Ihe Thirty Tyrants, 
ThrBBybului does not appear to have 
attained the individual distinction 
assigned to Miltiadea, Them is lodes, 
and Aristides. Cf. the constant deaig- 
naUon oi ir niipait'i, Lys. xii. 64 ff. 

7. 'A|xrT(lSi)i bta. ; c/. i. 25, 'Api- 
ffT(/3i;t 6 tJi^ iri/iOiBr Ivai'iiiilai' Ix"" 
TifiipXr rairip. Some more piquant 
epithet tban tiSwa; lies in the speali- 
er's mind, such as SapMxos, (runs^cd'- 
T7|! or bJto^o!. C/- u. 99. 

§ 182. 3. anpCov: e/. 11. 30, rapa- 

nt^sifBPo/ M^ ^w o4t¥ &rw[ ri 9i^ 
ofor' Irpiv^ ipn\ii^ofiff, Thv ^L^OitpaTity. 
Tlie opitliet ia applied to one whose 
wofTipiii ha.B suppressed all seme of 

it; Af 

piitSi] ubI +UX*!'' KoTBpToi' (i>. if I had 
no regard for my parents). It is 
liberally bestowed by Demosthenes 



qaile free with it 
in speaking o( Demosthenes. Cf. 

Dinarch, I. 50, & iiia/Ar irb Siiploii, 
183. I. Toiit Ton KBipaiit: while 
still lonked for their honors 

only iv 

^e^|fiJ| ■ 


poiJ?, ot TToKitv TravQV UTro/ieiVaETes koX peyaXous Kivhv- 
rau! ciri tw Srpu/xdi't Trora/xw tviKtav f^axofievoi Mij'Sovs' 
ouTOi ocOpo a,<j)LK6f).ei'Oi Tov orjfLov ■grtjcrai' ootpedf • cooi- 
5 KO" auTots o Sijjiios'i jMeydX.a'i, (is tot' eSoVet, Tpeis 
At^iVovs 'Epjuos OT^trai ev r^ trroa tij TWf 'Epfiwu, e<}>' 
aire ^17 iiriypd<f)€iv rd oco^aTO. to, eai^rtSi', ix/a ^^ tcoc 
'"4oT/)aTr;yiSi' aWa tov Sij^ou 8ok^ eicai to inCypafxiJia. on 
o' d\Tf6rj Xeym, i^ avrSiV tS>v TTon^jidToiv yvacreaOe. i-rri- 
yfypaTTTai. yap irrt tw pku tt/dwtoj tcui' 'Epjuwv 

3. ^nl T(^ £Tpu|M>vi iraTa|u^: first 
Campaign of [lie Greek fleet under 
the liegEiuoiiy of Athens, in whicli, 
commnnded by Cimon, it forced the 
Surrender of Ejon, near the mouth of 
the Slrymon, 476 a.u. (?)■ C/. Thuc. 

i. 9S. 1, wpoTor nir 'HliJvb t^ ^tI Srpu- 

^i^BpairiJBioav Kt/unKis to5 MiAtuWou 
o-T^TiiTouM-o!. Q^ Pans. Tiii. 8. 5, 
The heroic defence of tin? Fcrainn 
g&rrison under Boges is related Hdt. 
vii. 107. C/. Pint. dm. 7. From the 
two latter passages and Hdt. Til, 106, 
It appears that the first j'ears of the 
Atlii'nian hegemony, which Tliucydi- 
dea hardly touches, were filed with 
the arduous and partially ubbucc^sb- 
f ul labors of pressing hack the Fer- 
Bians from Europe. See Grotc, V., a. 
45 1*1., p. ISO. This Tictory pared the 
way to the settlement of Amphipolis, 
and Ul an extensive Athenian suprem- 
acy along the coast of Thrace.- — Mtj- 

the height of the human figure, the 
upper part cat into head, face, neck, 
and bust] the lower part was left as 
a g^uailrangular pillar, with the signif- 
icant mark of the male sex in front. 
They were distributed in grent num- 
bers throughout Athens, and always 
in the most eonspicuous sitaations." 
Grole, VII., c. 68 if... p. 4 (in speak- 
ing of the famous mutilation of the 
Ilermae). — -rn irro^ Tj Twv "EpiiBV: 
niao called simply of '£p^a!, a portico 
deukcd with Hermae, bordering on 
the north aide of the Agora. Cf. 
Dem. XX. II2, (frri toIvub rit vp6- 
X^'P"! ^iyoi, its &pa nai rixfi TJt^v M 
Tue iipoy6fwv ir6K\' oyiiS' tiiryair^itoi 
TivJi oiStvi! ^{oCtTO Tamirav, ihX' iyor 
irijTii (an/;/ loo gladti/) Itiypiti/iaTO! 
if lart -EpfiaU iTuxor. — i^' ipri: see 
on §114. 8. 

8. dXXd TOW Siiiiou : r/. [Dem.] 
II f., Sf^iffTOKAtfl na! MiATiilB 

Sous: after the i 
Thuc. the source 
Wrch (am. 7.) 1: 

of Hdl. I 
of the atory. Plu- 

ot,th I 


: asyndeton. Seeoii§6z. 

uiF (iTTir oiSfii 80T1 
i\V 'Aiittaliep, oiiSi riiv ir MapaBSi 

§ 184. 4 ft. These inscriptions art 
foand also in Fiut. Oim. 7. For a 
their genuineneai, 




Of TTo6' "O/nijpos t<^7j Aofacui' TruKa j^aA./roj^tTtuiicoi' 

Koa-iJLyirrjpa /J-axV^ ^$0x0" o-v^po. /ioXeic. 
ouTius ouSei' a,«(fes 'A^jjcatoiai (caXetcr^at 

■^v dpa traKetvoi raXaKa/iStoi, ot ttote M»jS(tif 

iratcriu ejr' 'Hiovi, "ZTpvixovoi; dfiipl pod^, 
Xifioy T aWtai/a Kparepov t litdyovres Apjja 
5 wpSiToi hvap-tvitav tvpov d/j.T^^oviTj;'. 

tVi Se rw 7/)tTijj iiTLyeypaiTTai 'Epfi-Q 

lyye^dctcro-t 8e p.t.(ydov 'AOy^vaioi raS' cSatKav 

dfT evepyea-iYj'; kol p.eydXrj'i dperrj^. 
juaXXoc ns rdS' tSftic Kat eV iuuop.ivfav e^eXiftrei 
10 d^^i fwoiat irpdyp-acTi. [tox&ov c;^eti'. 

sep Rosenborg, Jahrb. fur FiiiMngie, 
1870, pp. 530 ff. Kirchhoff, i/er- 
wes, V. pp. 48-60. For Bimilttr cit- 
ing of cpigmphic msterisl, cf, Dem. 
iviii. 289. — M«v«*iis; cf. Horn, II. 
ii. G52, Tiy alB' vy^i^'cu' «''is ntreAo 
MerfffBtds. if S" of irii ris iiinios iri- 

xo! £»| 

: old form of 3d pi. 
Cf. Ht'S. Thcog. 321, t^! S" J[» rptrt 
irfpaXal. 825, flv f-tOTji' Kt^Aal 6f lot. 
See Mpyer'ii C'FEci. Gram. § 483, 
where the form la explained as Doric, 
from (^•' for hoy. Kr. Dial. 83, S. 4. 
4. \i|>(>v ntSotva: cf. Cailim. Co-. 
67, £7^1011 (fxBa^s Mfiivt B,J6ttva, TpaTe- 
p6y. The Eng. phrase ' burning thirst' 
leemB more rntiotial. Perhaps not 
without reason ia this item put be- 
fore KpareiAy 'Apjja. There Wa» more 

BtarvatioD tban fighting, Cf. Plut. 

Ci'm. 7, (irtiTa Tobi £irip iTpv/tSra Spf- 

Kiu Mbp auToii ^^o(tb ffiToi, ii'airrttroiit 
7rDi£i', (It ToiauTflt i«iipiai' roij iroAiop- 


8. 5 ascriliea ttie taking of the towa 
to Cimon's turning the course of th« 
Strymon against its walla. 

5. irpsroL ktA. : the^ leere Ihejirtl to 
reduce the enemi/ to denpair. Perhaps 
justiSed by the suicide of the garri- 
son (c/. Hdt. Tii. 107), hut bcttec 
taken as comuion epigraphic exag- 
geration by which Flataea ia ignored. 
For a similar exaggeration, cf. Dem. 
XV111. 2S9 (epitaph of the Athenians 
who fell at Chaeronea), BtrnriiAiui' 
VBptu iirffTK^Saaay. Poiiibly tidt. ti. 
112, irpiTO. y iviex'T" i'Onri t. 
Mi(6u(J(i' ipinyrts xai rubs tirSpas raf- 
Tijv *(iflitn*Voiii, may he an adaptation 
of some aimilar epigraphic praise. 

10, i^u|il fweto-L irpdYfLacrt: Jor tin 
coBiiuonireatlk, Tlie last inscription 
has simple granc3eur, and as it con- 



si. p.a 
TTou TO Tti>v (TTpaTf^yfov ovo/jia ; ovhafj-ov, a\Xa to 


ISG UpoeX&eTs Br) tJj SiauoCi^ Kat eh ttjv aroav t^;/ 

TTOiKCkrjv ■ aTravTinv yap v^Xv tu)v koXSiv epyoiv to. vtto- 

p-vrfpara iv tjJ dyopa ava/ceiTai. tC oZv irrriv, St a.vhp€% 

'A^Tjuatot, o tyw Xeya; ii^avOa -fj iu MapaOSiui po-Xt 

S yeypairrai. tis ouc ^k o orpaTT^yds ,■ ovtoktI pev epca- 

TT}9a/Tt^ airavrei anoKpivaia-di a.v oTi MiXTtaSTj?, exei 

hk ovK iiTiyeypaTTTai. Trws; ovk jJTrjac t^v Bcapedi' ; ^ttj- 

(ref, aW 6 S^^os ovk eSaiKep, aX\' aurl tov opoparo^ 

I (Tvve)(aipT)<Ta' awT&I ypa<fiTJvai, napaKakowTa tovs oTpa- 

■*S"37t(0Tas. ev roti-uf' tw p-qrpdKa, r)v tBore Saipeov tois 

tains the point wliicli Aeschinea in 
raakiiig (c/. g 183^11.) be would have 
no eense for the strenetli of hig quo- 
tation! if he did not close with this. 
See App. 

1S8. 1. rn Siaml^: see on 5 153 
I'n, — ^o-rodv niv iroiitlXiiv ; the largo at 
and finest of the porticos surround- 
mg the agora, sometimes called n 
liUKpd, bnl more commonly as here, 
on account of the magnificent histori- 
cal paintings by Polfgnotus, MiCDn, 
and Panaenua, which covered its 
walla. Jt was on tbe west side of the 
agora. Cf. Paua. i. 15. See Leake, 
Topographs of Attica, p. I5d. Bursian 
Gtogr. Griech. I. p. 286. The Stoic 
philosophj derived its name from the 
fact that Zeno itB founder began his 
leaching in this porch. 

3. (V TQ (cyop^: as this nas the cen- 
tre of the city's life. Of. Dem. itiii, 
68, icaTi tV iiiifpnii ixaaTijr iv ram 
nl kiyois Kal Bempfniiiiri t^! t»c irpo- 
yitar ipeTSs iri/tviiftii Siupavai. 

4. X('yh: f mean. 

e. in : c/ 1 io8. 3. So often, eqoiv. 

to our sign of quot. See Kr. Spr. Ob, 

7. mil: lee on § 178. 4; question 
of astonishment like rUt ti and t£i 
7i£p in Piato. — iJn|ir>v: it seems that 
Miltiadea did ask, bnt that the people 
refused. There is no hint, § 183. 1, 
that Cimon did not get all that he 
asked for. Perhaps hts father's fail- 
ure had made him wiser. Conon re- 
[^eired what was here denied. Of. 
Dem. sx, 69, toSt" ir Tp (TTJiAjj 7^- 
■Ypairrai ■ iwfiSii Kimr, t^italv, f,\tii«i- 
paiai Teiii 'ABijtofoi* avundxovs. 

9. YP<"^)™<' ' distinguished from 
iriyJyparrai. Cf. Nep, Milt. 6, haic 
Miltiadi talis honos tributui 
est in porticu quae Poioila 



nago poi 

1. |Li|Tp<Bip: temple of Cybele 
near tlip Bauheurlipior, built by Phid- 
ias, used as a depository of stale 
archives. C/. Faus, i. 3. 4. Dem. 
^11. 129. 

90 AI5X1N0Y KATA KTH2I*nNT0S 1S7, 188. 

ixTro <l>v\.Tj^ i^ivyovTo. tqv hr)jj.ov Karayayoxicnv, eorw iSctc. 
rjv fiev yap 6 to ilnj<^L(Tfj.a vtKrja-a^ 'Ap^^ilfos 6 e'fc Kot- 
\t)S, e?? tS>u KarayayovToiv top Sij/ior, eypaxjte Se npat- 

5 Toy pfu €15 dixrCav koI duaBtjpaTo. Boin/ai. ^tXt'a? 5pa;^as, 
jfal 7 out' effTU' eXaTTOi* ^ Sexa h palpal Kar avZpa, 
iiTCLTa (ceXeuet (TTec/iaccoirat ^aXXoO (rre^ai'tu aiirwv eica- 
OTOv, aXX' ov )^pva-ai ■ Tore /ao' yap ■i^^' '^'^^ ° ''"'^" ^aXXoO 
(7T«^aco5 Tt^tos, cuct Se Kat 6 ^pviTov^ KaTair€(f>p6in)Tai. 

«at ouSe TouTo ^Ikj} npa^at KcXcuet, dXX' aKpi.^iu'; rfjv 
0ov\r)p (TKV^ap4irqv otrot irrl "^X^ iTToXiopKTJdrjaaf, ore 
AttKeBaLpouLOL kclI ol rpidKoma TrpoaejiaWoi', ou;^ ocrot 
T^V Tii^w eXiTTou jSm iroK^pCwv iinovTOiv, oTl 8' d\l)6^ 
Xiytii, dpayvtiUJixa.!, vpXv to i/iT^i^MTyxa. 


§■188 ^a.pav6.yv(ii6i Zi) Kat o yeypatfie KTrja-iiftav h.i)po(r6i- 

v€i T^ Ttoi' peyC<jT(av alriqi kukSiv. 

3. 'Apxtvoi : joint loader with 
TlirasybuluB m the Gxpulsiou of the 
Thirty Tyrants. €/. g rgs ; il i 76. 
Dem. niv. 135, 'Apxivoa toC *u^V 


BiVlBTiiTou Si-ro! T^i HaBiiov Tip Siiiiii 
leal SAAa iroAAa Kal KnAi xeTO\ITe«- 
^/■su nel (irTpaTijTTjJcJToi iraAAiiiHi. — 
Ka(Xi]s: deme !□ Ihc southwest of 
Athens by the Meliliaii gote, named 
from its lying in a hollow. C/. Hiit. 
vi. 103, riBaTrrm Si K(#.aif rph to3 
fioTtai, iri'pTiv T^i Srs KaUiii KaA-fo/ii- 
n)T dSai:. 

7. eoXXdii: like the victors in the 
great games. See on § 179. 7. 

10. •lieii: cf. 5 177. 3; opp. to in 
irpnrafet, § 173jSn, — Tiiv ^ovX1^v a-|«- 
4ra|Uiiiv t sc. 7-oCro irp5(ai. 

11. M *v)ln; 'on Phyle's brow' 

(Byron). Cf. Lye. in, 52. Phyle 
wiLB a mountain forlrcaa 100 stadia 
froio AttiEns towards Boeotia, on the 
spurs of Ml. Parnea, See Bursian, 
Geojr. Grieck. I. p. 3S3. Mahaffy, 
Rambles in Gretee, pp. 157 S.—Sr* 
. . . vponpoXXov: for the account, 
eee Xen. Hdl. ii. 4. 2 ff. 

12. ovx f^ii KTt..: Schol., ruin's 
Trap' tmivBtay. Sfor yap ir«pl fan tJt( 
Ti (iVerip (ij Tie ATj^oo-e/tTji- Blcirrrf- 
^(i-Di oEtut ^T^i'iyver. One of Aes- 
chines' happiost thrusts. 

§ 188. 2. KBKDir ; emphatic sr- 
rangemont worthy of Demosthenee. 
In contrast to the long list of glorious 
acbievcmonta, this word freighted 
with aad mcniortes n left with the 
jury while the -^ii-piiriia is being pro- 
d uced. 



TovTtft rat \jni<l}C(TfiaTt cfaXei'^tTat ij tcoi' Karayayov- 8 
Tiav Tov Brffiov Bwped. el TOVT ^et tcaXo)?, exewo ai- 

m oTc^ovoGrai. 
ISi) Katrot irwdduofial y' avTov fieWeiv \eytiv, tos ou 

SiVaia TTotw Tiapa^dWuiU avra ra Ttoe ■npoyovwv epya. • 
ouSe ya/3 <J>t\o/A/xtui'a toi- TWKrT)v 'OXw/iTTtairt trTE^acw- 
ft^i/at VLirjaai^a FXavKou rbu TraXatoi' eVerfoi' ttvkttjv, 
6 aXAa TOWS kci^' eavToi' aywi/ioras, aKnrep v/xas ayt'ooOi'- 
Tas 07t Tois /xev TTUKTat? eoTic 6 ayaii' Trpos oAXi^Xous, 
Tois S' d^iovTi aT£if>ai'ova'9ai irpos avT^v ttjv dpenjv. 

3. 'J'H^ISMA ; the formal read- 
ing q( Cleaiplion's bill ia rqH.>nlpil at 
Uiia point with good effect. Witii HO 
inch oratorit^al effect the same doeu- 
mept is called for Dem. iviii. iiS. 

4. f£aX((^Tai; the same form of 
argument iu § 244. 3. 

6 f . it TOVT* t\a koXhc kt\. : Scllol., 
afri) lirrii' ii SufAAqAoi Scrfii. Qilder- 
ileeye. Trans. Am. Phil. AsstK., 1876, 
p. 6, cbIU this 'logical condition.' 

S 189. 1. TTwedmiLai e.iriv ytTAttv 
Ufiiv: formula for introducing into 
the published oration a pretended 
anticipntion. Cf. §§ Z15, 22S. That 
AeschineB should here anticipate the 
One comparison, Dem. xnii. J19, is 
not iniposBible, particular 1; as during 
the seven years while the case hod 
been pending, its variom points had 
been matter of uommon talk with 
friend* on either side. But the ap- 
parent disturbance of the sequence 
of thought by the insertion is noticed 
by Schafer, ni. Eeilage, p. 75. Then, 
too, Demosthenes would hardly have 
giren the illustration unaltered with- 
, if Aeschines hnd actu- 

ally anticipated it in detail. For 
further diseuasion, see liitrod., § 29. 

3. #iXa|ii.juava : Schol., ituiitt)! itibrir 
^01 - irlin}irci' ixaTainf n'^irrji 'OAu,m- 
tii«i(360b.c.). Cy. HarpDc, <.w. *iAivt- 
Hur: T^v 'A^ra^Di' Tiicntr. He was 
doubtless well known to the hearers. 

dir. diae. C/. § 98. 7. 

4. r^,avKoy : the ploughboy of 
Carystus in Euboea, who, in still 
earlier times, appeared aa a boxer 
in nil the great national games, and 
surpassed all contestants, becoming 
a famous itciiibSiivIki}!. Cf. Faus, vi. 
10. 1 ff. 

5. iSsTTip v|ias (iyvooiivTas ; ace. abs. 
G. 278, 3, N.; 11.(174. 

7. TTpds avTiiv niv optniv: icith ex- 
cellence jii^r se, t.e. a hi^jh standard of 
eKcelleuce is a virtual competitor. 
The point is wel! taken. If the her- 
ald proclaims the crowning irSpaya.- 
etai iiitKa of B man who notoriously 
does not possess that quality, the 
herald, and through him the people, 
will seem to be lying. On the other 
hand, a very moderate boxer can be 

AI2XINOY KATA KTH5I*nNT05 189-191, 

Sa yap t'qv K-qpvKa ai/ieuSeic, otov t^v dvdpprjcriv iv 
TO) OeaTpoi 'iToiy)Tai Trpos Tov'i "EXXijcas. p.r) ovv 
10 fcis naTattcwDi-os dfieivov ireTToXireutrai Sieft^t, aXX* 
Ko/ievos r^s di'hpa-yaffCa.'i ovTO} raij j^aptras TOf Syjixov 

190 'Ifa 5e fir) d.TTOTrXai'w u/xa? aTro t^s uiro^eVeius, dva- 
yi'iucrerat w/xtv 6 ypapp^artv; ro fTrCypafxpa o cViycypa- 
Tirat Tots airo ^uXr^s roi' 8^//oi/ KaTayayowctv. 


6 ToutrS' ap€T^s h/^Ko. crre^dvoi'; eyepaipe Tra\ai^6(ov 

S'^/ios 'A^Tji'aiwi', 01 TTOTe tous dSt/cois 
^ecr^ois dp^avra^ 77o\io? iTpu)Toi KaTanaveLv 
^p^af, KLvSwov a-i^paiTW dpdp.€VOi.. 

191 "On rows -rrapa tou? vo/aous dp^avra^ KaTi\v(rav, Sid 


proclnimed victor over a atill poorer 
one without the slighleBt affeace to 
tbe public, 

10. naraiKCievot ; Schol,, d^oi iSv 
nX^nrni, Suid. i,r, nsTomfiui': ovJipiTi 

(Aanl-s, i,«, jour deserts. H. 667 b. fy. 



Biiy Tnic 


H». The connectioD woald lead 
ns rather to think thai be was a poli- 
tician of the worst sort. Doubtless 
like Pbiiammnn, Glaucus, Phiynoii- 
das, and Eurybatus, bo well known 
(in this CBBc through conleraporarj 
comedy, cf, Suid, l,e,) as to be prover- 
bial. Cf. Mich. Apost. xiv. 13, narai- 
icIbii>di ruKiiipayTiKiirtiiii!, This part of 
tlie iniertion is perliaps a little unfor- 
tnnate for Aeschiaca ; for a a Demos- 
thenes had ehttllengod comparison 
with kini, the reader's thouglit is 
likely to couple Aeaetiines and Patae- 

190. 1. Iva |i^ dirovXaiw kiA.: 

tee on § j6jin. 

6, tyipaipt; distingaiahed, i.e. with 
Ihe yfpas. Cf. Horn. II. vii. 321, yii- 
TDiiri S' AfavTa SiTinv/dnri ytpaiptv. — 
iroXafxemv r = abrixBeiy. The AHie- 
iiiana prided (llemselves especially in 
being aborigines. Cf. Isocr. iv. 24 f. ; 
XII. 124, itnaj Si >i4ti fiiyiUaT ri^r' 

'EXAVw, Aeacil.Theb.\05,wiihuixfmr 
'A/HT!, lays claim to Ares as an aborig- 
inal god of Tbehea, 

7. irpwroi; pleonastic with ipfar; 
go commonly in Time, See CUeaen 
on Thuc, ii. 36. 1. The phrase doei 
not reduce tlie eiploit lo a simple 

bcginaing. Cf. rparoi, | 185. 6, 





r rovT avrous ijyr}<ri.v 6 ttomjt^s TLfiv/OTJuai.. eJauXoc yap 

^v «Tt T07C irafTLV on rrjvi.Ka.vTa. 6 Sijfj.o'i KareXvOi), 

eTreiSjj Ttves ras ypatfja^ ratv irapavoiLiav aviiXov. koX 

5 yap Tot ftos iyo) tov Trarpos toS ifiavrov iTrvfOavo^i.t^v, 

oq iry) ^lous ^vtv^Kovra koI TrevTe iT€.\€vT-t)(T€v, olttov- 


€p,e Siefpei inl axoivfj?. itfrr] yap, ore dpriius KaTeX.>j- 
Xu^ei 6 Sij^os, «' Tis fio-LOi. ypaij>T) Ttapav6p.<jiv et? 8t«a- 
^-O fTTrjpiOi', ilvai Ojioiov to oco/ia Kat to epyoi/. n yap 
eariv a.vocri.iu7epou avSpos Trapdvojia XeyocTOS »cai Trpdr- 
1®2to»tos; KOI ■njv aKpoaaiu, ws exeii'os an'T^yyeXXej', ou toc 
auTov TpoTTOv iiTOLOvvTO uKTwep vvp ylyve.Ta.1, aXX' ^(rav 

at the hands of j'lrieg it 
now. 51 191-200. 
§191. 2. tvavXev: 

i ^^^--v 

4. nviS rdi ^pa^ds ktA. : natural 
return tu the keynote o£ the exor- 
dium. Aeichinea ia noC alone in lay- 
ing great stress on lliis feature in 
the tyranny of the Thirty. C/. Thue, 

i, 67. 2, kbI iaiii'iyHiw al (iTypB 



, .'£.?. 

6. uui't: attrib. appos. nith pecQ- 
liar tffecl. " I learned bb a son wonld 
naturally learn of a father." With 
still more tenderness he speaka of liis 
father as his souree of information in 
II. 77t '*^ y^P napik To/y aWojpiwv dAAc^ 
iroEp^ Tau tAv v^j/tw aiKtioTiiTav Tavra 

6. ^vnnjKDvTB Kal nVvrc at the 
lime of the trial on the Embassy, 
343 B.C., his father was already 94 
years old. Cf. l'. 147. — airnvTMV Si 
lUTorxilv ktA. ; c/, n. 147. aviiBeB^mr 

Sou^rjTni ■ Ifv if Til t4* tiwirra ypi- 
^IjToi Trapav6ftiay ^cydXai fntifot iriSf- 
ray. Demosthenes himaeU is no leas 
fmphatio. Cf. Dem. ixiv. :54; lviii. 
34, irar al tur iropanJ/toii' ypailial ipai- 
piiaaiv, i i^fu)! KaraKitTai, — Kal yap 
TOi; anJ indeed; introducing a piir- 
tictdar illuatration of the implied con- 
sequence of the restoration of the 
democracy, i'.e. that the people prized 
their Tspayin^y -ypm^ai When they got 
them back again. 

u M tI 

n Si M rS 

; iSXiTt 

ore^eir f iy 
' a Thy ISi- 


fxoy. See Introd. g 3 

10. J|UU1V TO fifOJl 

" the ypaijiii iropai'oVa 
merely in name hut in fact." 

11. X^-yovTOS Kal irparrovTOf : not a 
parallel antithesis to t^ Syafia Kal t& 
Ip-yoy. irpdTTon-o! is addeJ to give 
greater fulness, after the maonet of 

g 192. 2. Armpviv: </ § 1^3 i- 

A12XIN0Y RATA KTH5I*nNT02 192- 

TToXu j^aXefftilrepoi ot SiKdorai toIs to. Trapdvo/xa ypd^v- 
(Tin avTov Tov KaTT)y6pov, Kcu 7roA.\ai(t5 dveiroSi^ov tov 
5 ypa/x/xare'a Kat eVeXeuoc TrdXif dvayir/vo>iTKti.v tous vd- 
/ious ffal TO i/iTj^to-jLta, Kai. yjklaKovro ot 70. irapdvo^a ypd- 
jiOVTt'; ovK d Trdi/Ta<; TrapiTnjhTJo-eica/ tovs i-o/xous, a\X' 
et /it'af fLovov o-vWafirji^ Trapa\Xd^€tav. to 8c vuci yiyi/6- 
pQiQv TTpa.yp.0. VTTepKaTayiXacrrou ioTiv 6 fikvyap ypafj.- 
10 /LtaT€us di/ayi-yecoa-Kei to vapdi/opov, oi 8e StKaorai acrwip 
en"wS^f '^ dX.Xorptdi' ti irpa.yp.a aKpowp-et-oL jrpo5 eTcpw 
IOStii'I t^i" ypfup.yfi' e^ova-iv. tJBt) S' eV twv Tf.)(y(i>v Tuiv 
ATjpotrOepov^ at<T)(phu e^os cf tois StKa<rTriptoL<; irapa- 
Sex^irde. (itrevyjveKTai ydp vpiv to. t^s TroXecus StVata ■ 
o p.kv ydp KaTTjyopo? dTToXoyeZrai, 6 8c <}>evyo}v rrjv ypa- 


4. dixiro'Silov TOV YP°'H'H'''^o = ''t- 
«iDrfe Aim slep back. Gf. Poll. ii. 196, 
ii'eiriiSifoi' rii- 7pa»ifuiT^o AioxW' ^ 
firnip ifTi ini ToD viMr imytyeliirKiLr 
iwolout, Koi ipairoSiCifitva 'Auriitiiv ri, 

7. wiipoin|6ii<r*miV ; cf. i)ff(Hn)S^ffnt 
in g§ 12, 200, 202. The word exprcBscs 
a more reckless TiotntioD of law tban 
tlie regal ar irapaBttirfir. 

8. |ilav fdvov ruXXo^v: q/^ S '4° 
^n. ( liyperbole to increnae the con- 
Iraat. Cf. Ev. Maith. v. 18, iira t, fl 
fda Kepata ob fiij Trap4\6ti BLrh Tau vAfiou. 

9. vfrifucaTay Aaittov : cf. Dctn. iv. 
25. iMti siy yt yiKu! (<jff i,s xP^f"Sa 
Tors rpiyt^Miv. 

11. (irtpSijv; niai7ic/orniu?a,iawhiuh 
□na doea not look for any regular 
Bigiiificani:e. It is the inattention not 
to the pleading, but to the reading 
of the lans which really ouyht lo 
decide the whole case, whii^h Aeachi- 
nes here cenaurca, — irpdt irifHf ktA. : 
eqoir. lo the more usual irpaefx'i'' 
Tif! tV 7»^„.,i. or liv toDc, Cf. Thucr. 

i. 95- 2; Deal, xvni. 147, aiStif &v 
^7(rT0 jrp(w»J(ii' airv rhr muy. 

§ 193. 2. tUirxpDi' -EBot . . . ■mpaSi- 
XiirSi : the eame complaint oeuura 
already in I. 1 7S, /y rali /KxXiiirlai! mi 
Ttjis tiiraimjptaii toKaAkis i^^fityoi Twy 
*ir aitri rb rpayfia k6ywv &iri T^t axdt- 
-rm «al T&y iAafoKO^TOit tiiiyiffSe 
kbI rli^ru,y iSmiirrtToy leas fU Tai» 
Ityumo! mfiaSix"'^'- 

3. |HT(viiwKTak: refen to the mu- 
tual shifting of the pogitiooa of plain- 
tiff and defendant. Cf. § 207. fl.— 
d^Clr: studied ambiguity; dit. of agent 
or dat. of interest. — Sdcaia: mode of 
kya! procedure. Cf. 1. 166, ft Si t^iiBf* 

81*010, M ToiiTois Sftriy timr ipyxaBTJ- 
mi. irff\ii ^iJ* 7ip 4 ♦(Aiirwoi forai, 
ii'i^iX^TCTOi 3i Kol Ti TSv railbi 

4. i! Sj 4i*<'y<*v KaniYopat ; the same 

ciiniinoni)lftt;e is more cleverly ap- 
plied Dem. XIX, 213, where the situa- 
tion was reversed, ihKi fi^* ^ yi ti 
ffui T^i irpffffltfo! fl*Hir^))»i5 ir«pl J,iiiiS, 



ifirjv KaTTjyopeX, ot Sc BiKaaraX h/iore Siv fxiv citrt KpLTal 
imXapOdvovTai,, S)v S' ovfc ettrt -rr^pX tovtcov dfayKa^ov- 
Tai Tr/i' ^<l>oi' i^epew. Xeyet Se 6 i^evycuv, ac apa tto^ 
mlrtjrai. tov tv pay para's, ovx ws a/vopa yeypatjiei; aXV ws 
^Si; TTOTC /*at TTpoTepov erepot roiavTa ypd\pa? a.TT£<jivy€v. 
'W4re^' ti) (cat vufl p^yo. rjipoveu/ aKovio K.TfjTt.^Sn'Ta. CToXpa 
S' o* y^uli' i707e a^fi.vm'i.a-Ba.i ' \pi(TTO<^o>i' ixv-vo^ 6 'A^i/- 
i/ieus \ey(iiv on ypa.^a.'i dTrit^vyiv e/SSo^ij- 
KovTa A-ai TrePTe. dW ov)(l 6 Ke'i^a\o; 6 TraXaio; cVeu/os, 
6 SoKoJf Stj^oTttcfuraTos ■ycyoi/ei^ai, ou;^ o^w?, aX\' iirl 
Tots eVaiTtots e<^tXon/AeiTO, Xeytof on TrXertrra iravTotv 
yiypa^jii)^ }^rjtf>tirpa.Ta ovBefxCav ttmttotc ypatfiriv e^vye 
T!apai'op<i)v, K-aXdJS ol^ai aepi/vvopevo';. iypatjiovTo yap 
dXXijXous Trapavofioiv oi p.6vov ot StairoXtTeuo/iei'ot, aXXa 

Tair^ oh y^ iyii Kpii/ofiiu rfifitpoy out' 
iTX''' I'crt rauff SSup aittli i^oL tIbIv 
/efti ravra t\V Imalui' X6yuv liropla; 
tIi yip iv KOTTiyoptif (AoiTD tpi.y6)Leya!, 
Ix-y S Ti iToXoy^fftTa,; Cy: Ly».Ki3. 7. 
B. i4 Si SLKorral utA. : almost ver- 
bal repetition of 1. 175, which ia the 
■ource also of the rest of this section. 

3. dXX' ih i^Si| lerA.: outliaei tlic 
onlj pnssible ilefence on tho teclini- 
cal points of (tie indictment. Demos- 
Ihenes does iudced make something 
nf this nrgament from precedents. 
Cf. Bern. xnii. 114, 120, 222-224, I' 
is not anlikely thst Cteaiphon in liia 
brief defence, preceding the oration 
of DeiDosthcnes. cuiifitied himself 
mainly to this matter. C/. line 10. 

§ 194. 2. 'ApuTTo+w : see on 

4. Q KtrtiaXnt : mentioned with 
honor in connection with Arcliinus, 
Dinarch. 1. 76. Demoathenes (xv:::. 
!5i) endorses the praise liere he- 

gtowed, but claima no less praise for 
Aristophon. The most that be claims 
for liimaelf is (Jbid.) /tiaSiv that tbE 
Kiipdxou xtipB" itoaIttk, The epithet 
iri^aim dues not signify antiquity, a* 
in the case of Solon (§ 175. 6) and 
Minoa, for Cephalos lived in the times 
Bucceeding the Thirty Tyrants, but 
rather aged, or, with a toucli of ten- 
dernesa, venernlJe. 

6. Si]ii9TiKiiTaT0t : Juat what, ace. 
to the view ot Aeachinea, Demoa- 
thenes ia not. Cf. g§ 16S ff. — oOx: 
repetition vith added emphaais. Cf. 

Sopb. Aal. 6 f., iirorav oi tuv aur Tf 
n^^iSr oiit uroiir' iyii KOKur. See Kr. 
Spr. 67, 11, 3. 

8. iffo^vTo yip kt\. : the reaEon- 
ing is: "The boast waa all the more 
si[;nificaut, the more strenuoua auch 
com plaint a were in those timet." 

9. [iiaini\iTcuo')uvaL : the distinction 
made hy L. and S. between thia and 
ii^iwBMrtiiiy is hardly aupported hy 
the paasages cited. 


195EKetda' Be tovto yvoxTea-de. 'Ap;^it'os yap 6 e*c KoiXij; 
iypdijiaTO -napavoiimv Spa(Tvj3ov\op tou Sretptea, tva toiv 
avyKaTeyOovToiv, Koi ef\e I'ewari y^yanjfLet/tui' air^ riav 
fv€pyi<TiSiv, S5 ov\ vwe^oyia-avTO ot Stxaorat ■ rjyovvro 
5 yap, axTTrep tote awrou; ((ievyotra? airo "Jii/X^s ©paoiJ- 
jSouXos KaTrJ-yayec, 01I7W i-Oi' ware X 60 was i^eXaweiv, 

196aXX' ou vvc, aXXa ttciu Tovva.vrioi' ytyv^Tai- oi yap tiya- 
dol iTTpaTqyol vpXir koX twi' ra? triTijo-ets tii-cs eup?^- 

Ip.iv(iiv i^aLTOvvTai 7as ypai^a? twi-, ous u/xeis 
d^aptcTTOvi elvaL BtKaCr-i^ ac inro\a.p.0dvoLT£ ■ el ydp ti? 
E ev hrjfi.oKpa.Tia. Tenp.rjp.ivo^, iv toloutt) noXtTeiq, rjv ol 
0eol Koi ol v6p.0L (T^^outrt, ToX/L(,a 0o7)6€iv toi? ra irapa- 

§ 195. 1. 'Apxtro* ; lee on § 187. 3. 

2. 0p<ur>PauXov tJv Zrupu'a: see 
□a S 181. S; diBlinguislied from i 
K«\A«-.i., § 138. 4. On the restora- 
tion of the democracy, Tlirasybulus 
had immediately propost'd tlie con- 
ferring of the citizenship upon Ly jias 
for his important serrioea. The pro- 
posal passed the iitiit^naia. Since, 
however, no 0Bo\i, had at tliat time 
been formed, Archmua indicted ttie 
BO-olled ^^xTfin as illegal because 
it lacked the conaiitutioaally requi- 
site irpuflDi/Atu/iii. There was nothing 
to^do bnt declare the proceeding null. 
To the disgrace of Athena the matter 
was not bronght up de novo, and 
Lysias remained a metiu of the moat 
favored class, an isoleles. For a full 
and inleresting description of tlio 
case, see Schol. Laur, ad toe. 

4. dt ovx ihnXoYla-ciVTa ol Siicaa-ral : 
for the bitter reproach uttered by , 
Thrasybulus, c/. ibid., &&it,r^ ti^-*g 

196. 1. oU' ( 

2. v|itv: ethical dat. Cf. % 73. 6. 
Dinarchy i, 1, 53^ ^ Sir^'ytf^^f ^luv.^^ 
Tot oaTijims: for the custom at 
Aihetis of conferring entertainment 
at the public table in tlie Prytaneum 
on those who had done the state some 
conspicuous service, see Schomann, I. 
p. 44S. The custom is made memo- 
rable to us by the words of Socrates. 
Cf. Plato Apot. 30 d. Cf.% 178. 6; 

3. (|iurovVTiu : Aeschines himself 
liad been saved by the intercession of 
Phocion and Eubulus. Cf. a, 184. 

4. ([ Yiifi Til KT\. : see on 5 188 /n. 
6. TOiavrg ^Iv; Is instead of olai is 

common in such connections. Cf. i. 
146, 172. Lys, Kill. 13. jJAfft (te. 
Theramenes) ^ipmv eipitntii ramiriir. 


' ((TV, 



I ■ASnitiloi, 

i tTralma. 


Hi. p. s; 

vofia ypd^ov<TL, KaToXuet ttji/ -rroKiT^lav vifi' -^s T€Ttfnj- 

197 Tdi. Tis oZu d.Troo£oeiKTa.t Xo-yo? avopi, Sixatw (rvvrj- 

■yopfi) ; iyo) Xd^eu. ets Tpi'a fifpy] StatpetTai ij VH'^P'^^ orav 

eltTLrj ypatjiri wapavoixaiv eis to StKatrnj/Jiof, ey')(a,Tai. yap 

TO /lei/ TTptaTOv vhtDp Tw KaT-qyopcii koL rots vop.oL'; koI 

5 T^ Br}p.oKpaTia, to Se Seilrepof tqI T-^f ypa<f)f)i' <j>evyoi^t 

Kat Tots as auro to vpaypa Xeyovaw • ivuSap Se t^ 

TTptoTTj ^i}(l>(i> fj.y) \vd-g TO ■napa.vop.ov, r/br} to rpiTov vooip 

ey^eiTai rfj Ttfi-rjcrei 

ISSTtpas. ofTTts /Aci' ovt 

cat Tw peyiOei ti^S opyrj'i tt^s u^e- 
eV T^ TifLTjati Ti)P \lirj(f>ou atTei, tt/i' 

§197. l.owi]Ydp¥:pred.(H.01S), 
equiv. to a clause, tfheu lie is to apjiear 
as ouMJ^ofioi, I'.e. in the capacity indi- 
cated in § 196 in. See on § 7. 6, 0. 
DeiDosthenes nas a auvfryopin in the 
present ease. 

4. T(p KaniYo'pv "t^- : IdeiitiQcation 
of himself willi the laws and llie 
democracy. Sue on J 22. 9. 

6, «ls airi to irpayjia: {a the point, 
Cf. % 2o5. 7; I. 17S, ip^ntmi tBi- th 
aiirb ri Tpa-rfta aJ>wi'. The speaker 
cbUb for the eicluaion of autirfopoi 
who will not confine themselyes to 
the subject under discussion. De- 
mosthenes will try to introduce larger 
issues and mix up a good deal of 
Philip and Aleiander with a simple 
ypaipii 'rapav6iiar. Cf. I.e. on § 193. 3. 
But Aescbines himself had gone be- 
yond the limits of a strict Tapari/uui' 
^pscfi^ in his attack on Demosthenes' 
public life. See on § 49. 1. It was 
he who threw ilown the gauntlet, and 
ha now presents the aspect of trying 
to prevent his antagonist from pick- 
ing it up. Tliis must hare produced 
an unfavorable impression on the 
jury. It gave Demosthenes an oppor- 
tunity to open the battle with an 
indignant protest (zviii. G) which 

could iiacdly fail of a response in tlie 
mindsof the jury. ThatAeschines had 
no hope of success in this riUaiir/ta 
iiKaimifitau appears from § 203. 8. 
Indeed, the audience was assembled 
for the very purpose of hearing De- 
mosthenes. — T^ irpBTji ijiij^ip: the 
Athenian jury flr^t voted on tlie ques- 
tion of guilt or innocence, and subse- 

^ntly, ii 

eof c 

'^9 izf- S 305. 8), upon the pun- 
ishment, if that was not already fixed 
by law. See Scbomann, I. p. 4SS. 
The must memorable case illustrating 
this is tliat of Socrates, who after 
being i^ondemned by a small majoiity 
treated the question of penalty in 
such a way as to aujjer the jury 
(Plato Apol. SG ff,) and to cause them 
to choose by a large majority the 
dealh penalty proposed by McletusT 
In Lys- xsvu. 16 oeours the same 
balancing, KOTai^ij^iffctutwii — ir Tif ti- 
^^fiari, and iv ^iv rp i^tptf — fv Bi rif 
T<^^^aT.. In [Dem.] xxv. 83, dStoj 
SaniToii iTifiHro irpW riiv irpiiriii' i(^oi< 
Sitrex^'"^' 18 given as a case of eitrar 
iuditial procedure. 

8. TLpit|<ru: on the question of the 
latitude allowed the jury in this mat- 
ter, see Schiiniann, I. p. 488, note. 




opyrjv TTjU vfA-erepau irapaiTetTai ■ octtis S' cc tw wpcaray 
Xoy^ rf)v ijf^ff)oi' atrei, vofiov ctiTCt, opKov at7et, Sr^/io- 
Kpariav at7€t, tuv oure aiT^<rat ouSev otrtof ouSei'l our' 

5 alvqBei^a ircpto SoGcai. KeXeuirare oSv avrou?, idfrav- 
7as 7^1' TrpdiTTjv \jr^<j)OiJ Kara tous i-d^ous oieveyKcTi', 
19!) aTratrae «s t^v Tip-quiv. oXw? S' eytuy^, S> ofSp^^ '\9i)- 
foioi, oXt'you Seal ecTretv, wq Kal co/j.oj' Sei reBrjuai iirl 
Tai5 ypa<l>ai'i /^ovat? rats Tiuic ■rrapo.vopdii', p-r} i^ciuai 
prjTt rw KctTTj-yopcii irvvrj^yopov^ Tvapairx^a-Oai p-rjre rS t^c 

5 ypatfiiji/ <l)£vyoPTt, ov yap aopioTov imi to St'tfaiov, aXX' 

5 198. 2. iropaiTrt-nu ; begi for the 
mitigulion or remission of. Cf.n. 19, 
otrtyei Js-ifi hStoS irnjiBtTrto-oiiTai Tns 
ft/jloi (I'.fl. beg for the remission of 
fines inc^urred b; Aristodomus bj foi- 
feiting his Ibcalricnl engagements to 
takii part in tbe embnssy}. i^aemtir- 
tia, S 196. 3, is not esaenCiall^ differ- 
ent; nor axTtt, line 3 S., except the 
Srst time. TbJs entreaty, in contrast 
to the following, is treated as some- 
wbnt venial and natural. 

3. ttV tlrrii^ : the TOte on the main 
qneationoi guilt or innocence. — d[t(E: 
in each case, except the first, tlie exnct 
equivalent in Eng. would be, asks Ike 
sarreailer of. Blass (_Att. Beretl. 111. 
2, p. 210) finds this repetition of ahii, 
■intiBlrophe (cf. Alexand. inpi rx-^fii- 
™», Spengel, Bket. Orasc. UI. p. SO), 
carried ad nauaesm, and lilcetjr to 
break the force of the really splen- 
did similar passage so soon to follow, 
§ 202, Most nearly parallel to tbis 
in Bern, is tlie threefold flixp' Toirov, 
XViii. 49, at the beginning of succes- 
sive clauses (technically so-called 
anapJiora). For a free copy of 
this passage, cf, [Cic], Heitnn. iv. 


le lit 
It is . 

likely that tliis sent., to the empba- 
sia of vtiich the asyndeton and lack 
of the art. contribute, was much more 
eSective than Blass supposes. See 

5. aOniiiS! I.e. roiii iivrTiyipaus. 

S. GifVtYKitv : the prep, refers to 
tliB division of tlie voles. C!f. Dem. 
/.<:. on§l97.6>., 8,<«x(^™.. 

T. airaVTSv: put I'n an appearance. 
Cf § 69>. 

§ 199. 1. SKui U : favorite transi- 
tion with Aescliines. ^.§210; 1.170, 

3. pi'vats: in keepingwith theeiag- 
gorated importance hitherto aacribed 
to tlie ypo^jj irapayA/iiii!' ; at the same 
time the speaker rather skiifnlly in- 
sinuates that what he is about to 
ask, the exclusion of Demosthenes 
from tlie case, should properly have 
been rendered unnecessary long ago 
by the proper legal enactments. 

S. ou -ydf lUpurTDV ^cTTL ri SUuev: 
for right is nut indejmite, i.e. the ques- 
tion of guilt or innocence, Cf. Dem. 
IV. 36, eV TOi! jrtpl Tov iro\Jiiau iraipia 
&.SiAp8uTa &Apitprti fiirnt^a. 


(apuTiievov tols voixots rot? w^erc/jots. (Dtnrep yap ev t^ 
TfKToviKjj, OTap etSecai j3ov\iip.£9a to opdov /cat 76 /xtJ, 

flroK Kai'oi'a ■n-poa^tpott-tv oi SLayfyutitrKeTat, owrw wat iv 
rats ypai^ats rais twv Trapavop-oii' irapaKetTai, koluqiv tov 
SiKaCov TovTi TO (Tact'Stof, TO ^■q^i.a-p.a. kox ol ira-payt- 
ypajxiievoi. fo/xoi. ravTa crvfJ.fliOifovi'Ta aXXTjXois eT7ioet- 

5 fas «a7a/Sati'€ ■ »cal Tt Sci ae ArjuocrOa'yjj' TrapaKa^du ; 
oTdv S' vTr€pTrrjh'q<Ta<; Tr/f ZiKatav a.TTo\oyi.av TvapaKa.\^% 
KCLKovpyov a,v9p<i>TTQV Koi T€)(i'iTr}v \6ywv, KXeVrei? TrfV 
aKpoaa-iv, ^\dnT€is TrfV TrdXtf, KaraXveis rijc Sij/i-o/rpa- 

11 Tw ow iariv diroTpo-rn] tSiv toiovt<ov Xoyatv ; iyot 

trpoepa. iTreiSav TTpotXSeov etrau^oi KTT)(ri<fiSiv Siefe'X^jj 

6. afainp rrX. : the simile it in 
Aeachines' best manner, luperior ta 
II § 59 for simplicity, point. 

such appearance of e 



!. tovtX to aovtSwv: cf. 
§ 39. 2. In the ypa<p>l wapati/iai', the 
plain lift was obliged to BppetiJ to his 
indictment the laws which he ftBserted 
were contravened by the wapimiuiv 
which he nttaeked. It was the dnty 
cit the presiding officer of the court 
(see on g 14. 10) to post theae three 
ilema on a tablet near bis ofltce. In 
tlie present case tbe tablet would 
seem to have been brought into the 
court-room. ly. Dem. xvm. Ill ; sx. 
98; istu. 34; xxii:. 51.63, 115. See 
Meier and Selmmann, Alt. Proc.pp. 
801 If. 

4. TovTS irv)u^vovVTa kt\. : the 
speaker represenls llie proper proced- 
ure as so simple that the appearuuce 
of an orator in the caae should seem 
an impertinence. It appears from 
this and § 202. S Iliat it reeled with 
the jury whether they would allow 

5. Kill t( 6it T* Ainioa-Si vi|V irupo- 
KoXttv : on the attempt to exclude 
Demostlienes, see on § 197. 0. 

6. uwfpini&Tiiras : sec on § 192. 7. 

7 S. K^JirrMf . . . pXiiimic: the 
SiiiiioTi\fvTov gives Bomewlmt the ef- 
fect of anaphora. Sec on § ig3,3. — 
KUToXitn rqv Si])u)KpaTlav ; closing 
the climax with the crime of crimes, 
as in g 198. 3. Here it would be left 
ringing i[i the ears ot the jury (see 
on § tSS. 2) in the panse which en- 

Sfeans of avtrling an itlegal di/enee; 
characleriialion of Demostkena' rhelvri- 
cn; rft^i.™. §§2ol-ziz. 

g 201. 1. airorpcnn) Xo-yow : cf. 
Isocr. XI, 12, Toiv tifWimiii Ha- 
Koit iiraTporl]!/, stronger than iiraX- 

2. ivravflol: with a gesture towards 
the SSmb ■'^ f"!! ^tiyarret. See on 

§ 207>. 


Trpos vfiw; TOVTO bij to (TVVT€Tay{i€vov avrcj) trpooi.inov, 
enei,T cfStarp^p Kai firj airokoyTJTai,, vTrofiv^craT airrov 

5 avtv dopvfBov TO traviBtoy Xa^eu' «ai tous vo/xovi 
i/n^^t'tr/ictTi napavayi'iiii'ai- eav 8e /a^ irpofTTTOt^Tai 
u/xwf o.KoiJei.i', /XTjS' v^ets eKeCi/ov ou yap twc 0eu- 
■yoi'TCDi' Tas SiKai'as ciTroXoytas €i(re\T/Xw^aTe aK/joatrd/ie- 
[O'^Ie/ol, aXXd Twc ideKomaiv BiKaio)'; airokoyelaOai. iav S' 
TJTTcpn^ST/crns r^f Sticatctv aTroXoytac vapaKaXjj Ar/^o- 
aBanji', fiaXima. fxev fir) npoa^^cadi, [^olonevov p-qp-o-tji 
TOUS vo'/ious acatpij'uttv], ^TjS' ei' aptr^ Tovff vfiwu fiT)- 

5 Sets KaTaXoyL^eaOoi, os af i-rra.vcpQp.evov KTr]iTL<{>covTO<s 
ft (caXe'oTJ i^i)p.oa-6ivr]v tt/jwtos dva(3o^ar[) "Ka.\€i, KciXei" ] 

3, ravro Eij : " aiinpl? this and 
nolhing more." — irwTtra-ypJ'wjw : the 
aesuroption that DemosthoncH ar 
ranged what Cteelphon ehould say ia 
doahtlesB correct. — irpiwlriiov: that 
Mm speech was nothing but a sort 
of proem to vtliat Deiuosthetiei would 
say is also prohaLle. Sec on § 193^11. 

4. JvGtnTpiPn : kills limt, i.e. not hy 
really stopping, but by trying to pro- 
long his insignifitant remarks to give 
them the appearance of a set speech. 
Cf. Dem. XLViit. JO, iTttSii C irSii- 

6. Aixu SopiSPou : could be joined 
with \aBilr, since BipuBos is Used of 
brow -beating orators in 11. iSi, ii6ros 
Wa/uivo! rir -riv avuotparrSiv UpuBov, 
hut, in TJew of the prevalent techni- 
cal use of the word, is more properly 
joined with Sro/ii^irnre. The jury 
are asked to gire (heir order calmly, 
without the bo much dreaded 86puBoi. 
Cf. Piato Apol. sac, iLh eopvSf^Ti. 
if Ctesiphon refases to obey, then 
they are to silence him with eipuBos 
(pij!" i/itXt tKrivov). — Tif ilfTiiJiffffiaTi : 
dat,, as here, also in IsDcr. xii. ty. 

6. irapavoKViBvai : cf, Dem. xtiii. 

267, i-np' 61 irttpiU'if^i'iofli ■«] ffir Til 
^OK! &i iKu/iaini; — irpcKnraLiJTH : It 
might be no mere pretence on the 
part of Ctesiphon that he did not 
understand an order given ever so 
calmly by 1000 jurors who would 
proh. not be unanimous in tbeir cry, 

7. 4<vYi)VTtgv^ shunning. 

§ 303. 3. luAurra |u'v : introduc- 
ing an alternative far preferable to 
that introduced at line 8. Cf. Dem. 
xv:t(. 103, 278. — 'vpoaSf'x.coft it*.: c/. 
§ 16. 6, nhence perhaps the addition 
loUnirar . . . ajpiirtiri was borrowed. 

4. iv dptrg ; (0 the credit of your 
utat/naaimitij. See Morris on Tbuc- i. 
69. 1, and Id., Introd. p. 3fl. 

G. vp^Tot : it is this word, rather 
tlian the repeated Kot-tt, thstindicates 
the tension of feeling on the part of 
the jury and the impatience with 
which Ihey awaited the appearance 
of the great orator. A great oration 
from him was no less a treat to the 
public of that day than a new opera 
of Wagner to a German audience of 
r,™.,l imi... Cf. i .93, 



«Vi cravTov Kttkel';, cVt Toiis t'o/ious KaKel^, em T^c hij- 

fioKpariop KakeZq. av 5' dpa vfiXv Sofp aKovtiv, afico. 

(rare tou ATj/iocr^evTju roi' arroj' rponov aTToXoyelirOai. 

ZOSovirep Kayit KaTtjyopTjKa. tyai 5e ttws KarrjyopTjKa: ii'a 

(cal To{i^' inTofi,vi}(r(i> u/liSs, oilre toc iStoi' /Sioc tov At/- 

fioaffeyovi; irpOTtpov Stef^A.^of oiVe roic a.hiKjjp.a.7aiv 8 

Tui* Br)p.o(rio)P owSei'os Trporepov iixvq<r6ip', a.(p6opa Stproi.' 

B irai JToXXo ix_(i)i', tj Ttai'Totv y av tl-r]v affo/itiraro; ■ dXXa 

VpSiTov pen Toiif i'd/iov5 eVfSeifd aTrayopeiJoiTa? /x'^ 

ore^avoSi' tou; vtrevOvfovi, eV^tra 7011 pijTopa ef»)Xeyfa 

■ypd^avTO. ^rjporrOiirrjv virev8vfov oiTa oref^acoOy ouSei" 

npo^akopevov ovSf Trpotrypayliapra "eVctSac Sw ras ei- 

10 ^ilfa?,' aXXa Traj/reXw? jcai ufiwv xat 7tiif vopan Kara- 

TrefftporrjKora • koi ras e'cro/xeVas Trpo? rauTa Trpo^acrtis 

204eTn'oi', as a^iw wat u/aS? Siapvrjpopfveiv. Seu7*pof S' 

v/iti" Su^rjXdou Toiij TTepl rSiv Kfipvyiiajoiv v6pov<;, cv 

ois hiappijSrju dwtipTjTai. Toy vtto tov Bijpov cm(f>avov- 

pivov pT) KT)pvTT£(Tdat cfoj TTj'i efCKXTjfTias • 6 Se pyjTtop 

6 6 ^euy(i}v TXjv ypaijyj)^ ov tovs fopov; pot'Of Trapa^efiyjKei' 

a.K\d Kai tov Kaipov 7^5 dvapprjaeoi^ koX tov 701T01', (ce- 

7. KoXtEs^TA.: seeong 19S. 3. 2, riv tSiov piov: §§ 51-53 are 

9. Tof nviflli Tp<nrov ■■ IhU allcmpt ignored ae a case of paruleipais. Tlie 

lo preicribe an order to Demosihenes boaat, Lycurg, 149. aUrf tIh SaAov 

CMt Aeschino* dearly. Tlie objection Toirau Biav imSoKiiy oOt" fjai toS irpit)" 

lo i(, Dem. xviii. 2, ivua 10 reaaoim- narot oMii' KaTijyop^ffo!, is aiutli more 

ble that it allowed a good starting- comprchenaive. 

point for Itie defence. See Introd. 4. S^ova vteX iraXXd^ tlie former 

S 23. epitliet n-ndere the latttr auperfluoiu. 

§ 203. 1. «Y^ U iras KaTtiYopiiKa : Tliis is an inrersion of the more coni- 

Dstnral introduction to a recapitula- mon order. Cf. Xen, An. t. 6, 25. 

tion of tlie puinta of tlie indictment, Hes. Op. 118. For the nae of pairs, 

The recapitulation is not intrudaced see on § 131. 2. 

for its own sake, but to aerve sa llio 9. vpo^o'iMvov : see on g 11. 8. 

baiia for an appeal. — tva iroy-v^vu : § 204. G. dUil ital rdv Kaipdv 

with ellipais of ttie tnain clause. H. ktA. : the art of making two ofTences 

8S3. Gf. 5 172. 6. out of one is culIiTHteil so nasiduoualf 

20-2 AI2XIN0Y KATA KTHSl^HNTOS zoA-^a6. 

SLp, S3 

\(V(Dv ovK iv rp iKicX'Tjattf dXA.' o* tw dedrp^ rfjv dvdp- 

pyjuiv yiypeo'Bai, oiS' eK/cX^jtria^oi^cof 'A^yjvaiwv dXA.a 

/ieXXdiTwi' Tpayoihiiiv elcrievat. Taura 8' ctTTwi/ fn-Kpa, pkv 

10 TTt/Jt Twv tSt'div etTTOi', TCI Sc TrXeitTTa 7r€pl ruiv BlJp.OO'ibit' 

205 aStKTj^aTtDC Xeyoj- outw S^ koI top ATjpoa-deirrju d^iio- 
(Tan a.TTo\oytia-da.L jrpo? tov tSiv inrevOwtav vd^oi' TrpS}- 
Tov, Trpos Toj/ J7€pl Tcol' KTjpvypaTcov Seurepof, rpirov he 
tos ouSe acafids sort T^s Swpeas. caf 8' S/awc Ser/rai 
6 <rvyx(opTJ<Tai avT^ Trept 7J7S Tafe&i? toG Xd-you, Ka.TiTTa.y- 
yeXXdjUoi/o? tus cJ^i t^ reXeuTjJ t^s djroXoyt'as XiJcrei to 
irapdyopov, pr/ (niyj^w/aetTc, /xtjS' dyvoei^' oTt TrdKaicrpa 
TovT ioTi BiKaarvipiov ■ ov yap €la-av6i<; woTe tt/jo? to 
irapdpopov diTo\oyeio-6ai, dX\' oySev e';^;(Oi' SiVatoc tiTreZc 
10 eTepuju TTa.pep0oky Trpaypdroiv ft? \.y)dr^v vp.d<; /SouXerai 

206t^? KaTQyopia'i ipfiaXilu. wa-irep ovu iv toli yvpi'i.Kot<; 
dyatrw opa.Ti tov<; irvKTa's irepi ttj<; oroo'ews dWTjXois 

that it U carried eren iDto the reca.- 
pituUtion. See on § 34. 4. 

9. «l<ru'vai; see on g 153. 7. 

20&> 2. Twv uirtuSiivav: obj. gon. 
equis-. to w.,.1 Til- inrtyei^a,^. Of. 
AntipliO, V. 9, T»r TMV najtoiipyiiji' pd^^r. 
Lye. I. 36, T0I/S r6/i.iius r^t /lax^flat. 
Deni. III. 35, 4 rflj SmIStii i-dj^oj. for 
whith, I'fcirf. 43, oi TTf/i! t^i S>^i87is 

3. Tplnv Eh': cmpliasis ia Bdcled to 
tills member of the numerical aeries 
by dropping the asyndeton and hj 
the ebiastic orrflngement. 

6. iirl T^ tAcut^ ktA, : Demostlie- 
nes does not aak tliie degree of for- 
bearance. The matter in question 
cornea In the flfit half of bis oration, 
S5 110-121, and he follows ■ perfectly 
natural order. See Introd. § 23, note, 
— TiJ irapilv0|»ov: i.e. the two techni- 
cal counts of the indictment. 

7. miXu(r|ia: fine figure developed 
§ 206. 

9. diroX.aY<to4cu: dependent on fio^ 
JieTni. See A pp. 

10. wa|>«|i,poXf ; cf. I. 166, oAV inM 

rairs tlifitBiiaoirrai.. Closely parallel to 
the present passage is Dem. xl. 61, 

^^t' &Kho iritrrity fitjist, irtpovs irRp»^- 
griAAij Kiyoiit Mwcaufryuif Hat Sof *al 
irxiTKuiiji (iiiSiK irpii t4 rpaj/ia, /lii 
iTiTpirtTt airf. 

§ 206. With this admirable limile 
cf. Dem, IT. 40, for a Bimile taken 
from the aame sphere. 

2. irfpl nis rraiTftt: c/l Quint iU. 
6.3, videtur Aesehines quo- 
que in oralione contra Ctesi- 



SiayiuvL^ofiEfov^ ovto) Kai u/xets oXijv TJjf Tj^ipav inrep 
TT)s Tj-oXews irepl T'^s rafetus tov koyov p.d^to'Bt, /cat /xij 
5 Eore aurof et? tous e^w toC TTiipa.v6p.QV \6yov<; irepuoTa- 
adai, aXV lyKad-qptvoi koX iueBptvovre? elcreXaweTe av- 
Toc Ets Toiis Tou TTapfWopov Xoyous, Kal ras iKTpoTras 
307aurou itrLTTjpdTe. aW a Bi) (rv/j^ijtrerai v/irf, e'cii' ^1^ 


^817 Si'/fatds ei;:^! TrpoenriLV. iirenrci^ei. yap Toi/ yojjTa 
Kcu /SaXai'Ti.oTOfi.av Kat hiaTerpyjKOTa rrfi' irokn^iixv. oSros 
5 /cXctei pkv paov rj ot aWoi y^ktaaLV, eVtopKei Se irduTwu 
TTpoj^etporaTa ■ ou»c Ai/ 0avpci<raLpL 8e et ^era^aXXdjueco? 
rois e^coBef TreptctrTTjtcdtrt XotSo/ay^creTat, tfxia-Ktau Toits p-^v 

no Demostheni permittant with natural laughter. While the 
bvagari, sed euni dicere de weeping element is not promment in 
ipao causae statu cogant. Demosthenes' reply, and his Fhiiip- 
QulDtilian appears to hare overlooked pies are hj □□ means Jeremiads, yet 
the serious features of the Vatican 
Btatue suggest a man more inclined to 
tears than laughter, and reveal a pro- 
priety in this thrust. See A. Michae- 
liB, Blidnisse lies Dfrnoslheass, incor- 
porated into Suhifer (2d ed.), III. 
after p. 400. See also on § 255. G.— 
/mopint: like a Jesuit, a common 
charge in the orators. C/. § 208. fi. 

6. ovK av Bau|i(I(riu)u kt\, : attempt 
at anticipation. See on § 189 I'a. 
There is no corresponding turn in 
Demosthenes' reply. — pjTiiPaUa- 
luvot: wheeling about, vox milita- 
ris. (y Xcn, Cjr. vii. 5. fl. Demos- 
thenes will turn defence into attack 
by raising the cry of oligarchy, identi- 
fying loyalty to hia party with loyal^ 
to the state. Cf. § 193- 2 ff. 

7. Tois •-{uStv : cf. S 56, 3. Unless 
a respectable number of the by- 
standers appeared to hold with the 
plaintiff this tluust would have no 

,0 have overlooked 

6. tloiXavvtn: cf. 1. 176 (difCerent 
figure for the same situation), i/it- 
Ttpov J" tpfoy Tphi TBiiTa avTiTtrixBat 
Kal iratraxp irapiu(oADufluD»Tiit nijSafiij 
TTOpfKisHtfiv airht iar >iij5f roTt t(,a 
Toi! oySfOS \i-/oa SiiaxipK^iSai, iAA' 
Hffwfp if TaTi iiriraSpotxiatt fts r^y Tou 
updyiiaras Spi/iov I'uiiXavvtTl. 

§2I}7. 3. irponwttv : Acflchines is 
really about to give a picture of the 
eharacter of Demosthenes as well as of 
his rhetorical devices. See on g 213 
i«.-U*«rify^: BOO on § 153. 7.- 
Yi{ipv: mouatebank, refers to rhetori- 
cal devices; BaKavTioTiiuiv, to ava- 

bad judgment in statesmanship. For 
the last combination, an Siroj tiini/tt-^ 166. &. For a protest against 
this attempt to prejudice the jury, cf. 
Dem. XVIII. 376. 

5. KXin ~ - 

of the "> - "« contrnsii'd 

204 AI5XIN0Y KATA KTH5I*nNT02 207, 208. 

et.p. Bi 
6Xfyapj(t«ot's vn' avrfj^ rijs aXr/SetcL^ SLijpiBjivifi.ei'ovs 
rjKebv irph^ to tov KaTr)y6pov /BTJfia, Toil's 8e 8)j/ion»cous 
SOSTTpos TO TOV (ftevyoi^os- oraf S^ to. rotaGra Xeyg, vpo^ 
pkv rows orao'tacmKows Xoyous cVeivo auru w7roj8aX.XeTc, 
on "St Aij /id IT Seizes, Ci croi ^cray o/:toiOL 01 airo ^X^s ^eu^ 
yovTo. TOV SijfLOV KarayaydcTes, ouK dv tto9' t) Sijfio- 
6 KparCa KaTe'trr*;. w)f 8e eVeivoi plv fieyoKwv ko-k^v cru/i.- 
jSatTwi' eiTM(Ta.v ttjv ttoXii' to tcaWioroc ck TrcuSci'a; prfta 
tpdey^dfieuoi., iir/ pPTjaiKaKiiv • <tv Zk e\KOTrot«s, Kai p.aX- 
\6v (TOi. pt'Xet Twi^ avOrjpepov Xoyo)!' ^ rijs (TfUTTjpias tts 

TToXcCUS-" OTaf 8' tTliopKOK SiV eis TTJC Sia TW)^ OpKtiiV 

10 TrttTTLv Ka.Ta(})vyyduy], iKeiuo'€v<raTe atirqi, on 
T^ TToXXaKts pkv iTn-opKovuTL, del Se peO' opKOiv d^iovvTt 
(rffat Suoii' ffdrepov v-rrdp^ai. 8et, [tof ovBerepov 

llie noied springing from oulture, and is con- 
trasted wilh tbe undying feuda of 
those who lack sucli culture. Cf. 

7. (ivi|B^KaKrtv ; e/. 'Ari«t. Elh. N. 
iv. 3. 30, uv5» /tnyffiKoKOi ■ ol ^Sp fitya- 

tlienea i» fond of repreeenting bim- 
self and Atheui as incapable of thii 
ungeneroai feeling, C/. Dem. stiii. 
94, 96, lot. — iXicamHtii: prob. pro- 
verbial, /ear o;ifHo/(/sor«. (y, Bekker. 
Alter, I. p. 248. jrepm/tia lirl T«v ri ffSn 

8. aMiftupov : e/. Poll, i. 64. ri 8i d>ii 
^iBi iiiifpai Ttpax^^" aiHlt'fio'- Momtn- 
targ oratorical euccesB is contruted 
(Tith tlie abiding Bafetj of the «tate, 

9. KOTo+uyyai'ji : only bere and 
Hdt. vi. 16, Karaipirtydniuifi Tpii r)ir 

10. airQp,vi|)iovtvcraT( : equiT. to 

12, [iv , . , virdpxov] ■ Bad neabeD- 

ing of an nthemise fine dilemma. 

truih, which is stronger than profcs- 
gion» and decUntionB, Cf. Plato Hep. 
610 a., a «at ieikoii hv airil ipiyat Siji- 
priaBai i.\i)Stl'j. Tt Kil p.-if, &! tI Sofi- 
tnhv wpbi rh yraaT^i/, oStu t^ itimtiittv 
Tpiii rh ^ iaiiiiiiiSti i 

9. TO TOV icaTij-yifflOU Pi^|ia: for this 
cilBtom of assigning a tepa.rate SQ^a 
to each of the two contestants, cf. 
Dem, XLVIII. 31, 'OKuiirtiSapoi iyniyi- 
ftro wpBTos, iiiyii maxf ^Kafi^fi^iB ^itl 
ToS Mpau ^iifULTat. Schol. on Dem. 
XIX. izo. For a similar custom in 
the court of the Areopagua, cf. Eur. 

/. T. ee2 fc., iyi, ^iv edTip^y \ 

BiBpnn, t43' 6K\o irpiaBtip' firrp ^r 
'Epiriiir. Paus, i, 2S. 5, 

5 207. 8. - - iliropoXXm t cf. § 48. 3. 

8. Sn: c/. § 178. 3, 186.6. 

6. vwE^: see on § 70,6. 

6. U niBitos: see on § 117. S. 
Here mutual toleration which makes 
ciyil life possible is regarded as 


Bl. p. 83. 

eoTi AfjiioTOeuet {nrdp^^ov^ ^ rows deov^ Kawoij? r) rows 
209aK:/)oara5 /at; tow? awrous. nepL Se twv SaKpvo)P koI tov 

TOUOV T7J5 tfxuirrj'i, OTttK U/XOS €TT€p01Ta. " tTOl KaTa(j)VyO), 

Si avhpt'i 'AOyjfaiOL ; Tre/Jteypai/fare ^e ■ ouk iuTiv ottoi 
OLi'aTrTTja-ofJ.a.i" a,v9viro^aX\^T^ aurw "6 Se Zrjp.o'; 6 'A9ij- 84 
5 I'aitui' JTOi Karafjivyii, Ai]p.6a'6evt'i ; jrpos irotac (rvfifid' 
^otv irapaa-Keviji' ; wpo? woTa, ■^(^p-qfio.Ta ; tC TrpofiaWofitvo^ 
virep TOV B-t]p.ov tI TreTToXiTeucrai ; a, /xeK yap v-nkp aav- 

13. Tovs Sious KQivov's: since the 
gods of the popular mythology saw 
and punished perjury (cf. Lyturg. 79, 
Tovi feo!'! oCt' &1' hnopiciiniu TIS Ari^Di 
oCt' ill iK^iyoi r)iv i-r' aiirar rifHopIav), 
the perjurer must be an atheist Cf. 
Eur. Mtd. 402 S., D^xui' ti ^/jouSi; 

rail! rrJr' aS« (!/)x(ix in, tirt\ (ipoiaad 
7' (II t/t fix fBapiBi £v. But there is 
an element of piquancy in charging one 
willi having new gode which would 
not lie in the simple charge of athe- 
ism. Cf. the famoUB indictment of 
Socrates, and the taricature of Euri- 
pides, Ar. Ran., 889 f., ETT. srtpot yip 



u 0(01. Al. : 


Gritchtn, I. p. 75. 

14. TOOS aVTOlJi; MpOOTjj 

would not have been Greek, 
tyepiiiro,. Pint. Cut.Maj. 1, is 
a translation of novua homo. 

S 209. 2. To'voti rqi ^BVijl : so also 
in § aio. 2. Demosthenes appears to 
have had a bad voice, which in liis paa- 
sionat« delivery (see on 5 1 67, 2) would 
strike a litgh key. C/.u.i$i,/yTtivi/it- 
wt rairiii' rJif i^tiav Kat ii'ifiriDi' ^v^t. 

3. wipttypdi^art pj ; you have ciV- 
cumscriierf me. See App, Demosthe- 
nes will claim that his self-sacriflcing 
efforts for the good of Athens have 

procured personal enemies for him 
on every tide. By these he is shut in 
as a, bird in a cage. (That this is the 
figure in mind is shown by inrHiffoiuu 
in the next line.) The situation is 
analogous to that which confronts Me- 
deit, ai set forth in Eur. Med. 502 ff., 
vSii imi Tpdxufuii itTA. ,- Perhaps there 
is a sort of reminiscence of the stage 
running through this passage, betray- 
ing itself in the form of the followinf; 
questions as well aa in Btahs Kairoii, 
S Z08. 13, See Introd. § I). 

4. wBinraPoXXiTi ; oTsf iipTi/tiriir, 
Note the force of the first prep. Cf. 
&„oB<l>^\iie, § 48. 3. _<! El Giiiun . . . 
KaTo^UYg : fine rejoinder, silencing 
Demosthenes' personal grievances 
with the paramount question of the 
safety of the Athenian people. 

6 ff. For an answer to these quea- 
tions, cf, Dem. xviii. agg ft. For a 
fine personal retort, cf. ihid. 311. — - 
voCav, ircla: mare piquant than Tin. 
— t( wpopaXXo'fuvw: cf. Dem. xviii. 
300, Tflvra irpav^oAEi^ipjf iyii ir/ib r^i 
'ATiii.flt. See on 584.1. The double 
rf with finite verb and partic. is com- 
mon. Cf. Dem. IV. 36, ikJt( jkoI irapi 

haSat. — vWp TOV htX.! forthesama 
comhination with raXirfieeBai, cf. 
Dem. II. 4. XVIII. 138 is different. 



Tou /Se^SovXeuo-at, iracres 6paifj.ev. iKXnruiu /xo* to doru 

oufc oIku<;, oi<; Sokci?, ev netpatet, dXA.* tfopjuets e/c r^s I 
10 TToXews, i<f>6Bia Se Trenopia-ai rfj traVTOv avavhpia. to 
■JIOySacrtXtKoi' -)(pvcrtou koX to. Bfjiioaia BwpoBoKtjfiaTa." oXcu; 

Se rt ra Saxpua ,- n's 17 xpavy^ ; Tis o rovos r^s ^y^s ; 

ovx o jiev TT)v ■ypa<f>rii/ <jievy(av iarl Kttjo"i^wv, trv S' 

oifre irepi tou o"<o/iaTos outc Trept ttjs eVirt/xias aytoi'i^ci; 
6 dXXa Trepl ti'i'os eo-Tii- avT^ 17 (nrovBij ; Trepl •^(^pvtTtiiv are- 

(jidvciiv Koi K-qpvyp.a.TOiv iv tm OcaTpio irapa Toiiii v6p.ov? ■ 
811 Of ^XPV^< *^ '^"■^ p.apel'i 6 S^/xo? rj 7u>v KaO^anjKOTfov iin- 

Xe.krjo'p.evoi; eVi tomvt7j<s a.Kai.pla'i ij^ovXcTO art^avovi/ 

9. olMlt: erophstic.contraEtednith 
/(n/ilifis. " Toot house in the Foiracus 
is not, M jou would have us suppose 
(iLi tvKfts), ft daeUing ; it ia an uncbor- 
age trom wliich 70a are ready to slip 
cable and depart." — JvIInpaut: for 
Demosthenes' house in the Peirucus, 
cf. Dinarch, I. 69, airis tlatvfyitiiiy 
ireiTl)KOVTa Spaxn^s iirl -rtjs oinlal rfis 
ii- nf.pB«? ™l T^i ^i- SoT.i. Ibid. 35. 
— i£op|ME» : yirtuttlly a perf. of lit»y.i- 
CfcSiu- Cf. Lycurg. 17, Af«Kfii(Tiji Ji 

alxtTmr M -rlv K^^Boy uttTtxi^ire, i^i 
ri^T IJBti irtpl tV Akt*,!. ;£DpM"i>'")I- 

10. Ii|>aSui. . .diwSpCf ; oxymoron, 
" Demosthenes' campaign of coirnrd- 
ice is made with abundant provision." 
Cf. Dem. III. 30, tl\iTrror i' iSy ri^ta 
'EAMlllSat iySpairaSl^firBai Si' irapiar 

11. pao-iXiNciv xpi><r(ev; cf.^^ 23S, 
9. See on § 173. 7. — Kal m «tA. : 
magnifying a single crime into two. 
See on § 34. 5, 204. 6. 

§210. 1. Skm: after all. 

2. Tt: i,e. "WTiat do they amount 
to V In the two following questions 
tIj agrees with the subj,, but the 

I the e 


See Kr. Spr. 

3, 4. See App. This is disingenu- 
ous. Everybody koew that Ctesi- 
plion'a interest in tlie trial «a« only , 
nominal compared with that of De- 
mastiienes. See Introd, § 23, and on 
§ 197.8. — JwiTiiiIos: "The undimin- 
ished possession of the rights which 
by the constitution belonged to the 
citizens, ia denoted by the expression 

imr^AU, which we may t 

anslate by 

'possession of civic rights, 

though its 

opposite, iTifJo, by no me 

ans always 

answers to what we call distranciiise- 

mcnt. There were, on tli 


diHerent grades nf Ati^b 

as certain specified rights 

of citizen- 

ship were withdrawn from 

all without exception, and, again, ac- 

cording as this was done 

for a time 

or forever." Sclitimann, I 


5. ,i<nnro8i]': c/Dem.x 


!■ S/ini wirras iv i/inKoyfjirai 

KOU-i* (l™. 

§ an. 1. it kbI nawls "A.: see 

Inlrod. g 24 >i. 

3. dKaiplas; explained by lines (fi. 


avT6p, trapeXdovTa ei5 ttjv iKK\T](rCav eijrcit' ■ "avSpes 
'N6T}patoi, Toi- /lev aretftafov Se;^o/j,ai, roc Sc Katpop airo- 
5 SoKifid^d), €f (1) TO Krjpvypa. ytycerat ■ ov yap Sti e^* 
ols Tj TToXis iK€tpaTo, CTTi TovTot? «/ie aTt'f>avovcr9at. ' 
aXX.' ol^ai., TaCra /i-ev ai' etTTOi dpr/p oi^ws jStyStoiKiis /xer' 
apcTTJ^' a Be a-v Xe'fets, ttTrot ac Kadapp-a. ^7/\o7U7rowi' 
SlSapen/i'. ou yap S^ ^a toi' 'HpaicXea roDro yc u/j,coc ou- 
8eis (fio/3-ij(rerai, pri Aij^otr^e'i^?, ac-^p /ieya\oi/;u;^os Kai 
7a 7roXe/ni*ra Stai^e'pwi', aTToru^iii' twc dpL(mio>v i-jravek- 

3 ff. Tjie effect of putting into tlie 
mouth of Uemostheuea norJa no fit- 
ting and just, and yet in EUch striking 
contrast to tliose which he wiis really 
going to utter, is line, and is one of 
the best liila of the oration. — diro- 
ioKijiola: diclare unfit. Cf. Hdt. rl. 
130 (ClisChenes to the suitors), /i^t' 

ToOi \oiiroui BiotoicijiKtfaiv, — tiJ kt]- 
pv(|La: it waa in the pruclnniatinn 
that the inopportuneness of the gift 
was especially manifest. It would 
proclaim to the world that Aliiena 
wished to affront Alexander and honor 
failure. — it^' <fy i) noXic cKtlparo : 
the gloss iTfrthtai makes Uiipiao re- 
fer to cutting the hair as a aign of 
mourning. For the same word ueed 
metaphorically cf. Paus. is. 15. 6 
(inscription on a statue of Epami- 
nondas), ij/«Tepaii BouXais IvipTri fiin 
intipaTo Uffly. The reference here is 
to the battle of Chaeronea, or rather 
tlie policy of Demosthenes which led 
to it. For this he is to be crowned : 
liie lervices rendered as Teixo-ntis 
are only a side issue, a preteit rather 


; of ™h™. Cf 

IT OptTTJS; apfl-li 

is perinnifled, So we lay of a person 
that he ia "conversant with virtnc." 

8. KoSopiia: scum = TrtpuiiSiLpiia, 
\ Ep. Cor. 4. 13. Cf Dem. iviu. 
138, ool a' ipiriis, i Kieap/ia, fl Toti 
cro?! tIs fifTnuala ; (Demostlienes profa. 
had the present passage in mind). — 
[ilXoTiflrovv (iptnjv: the aharp con- 
trast, with the repetition of iptrii, is 
similar to § 209. 2-5, hut sLill more 
effective. fif^irrinrDui', used also 1, 5S, 
CDrrespondstairpairTaiDu/i^i'aiiof Dem. 
XVIII. 128, The interpretation, Har- 
pocr. 3,p. fjjA.diuiroBi' J ii-rl Toi itiaoSn, 

§313, 1. 'yap: explaining the nn- 
derlj-iug thought, i.e. Demosthenes is 
a JtiWopina. Tlie proof is that he does 
not, like some liigh-spirited AjBX, on 
failing of his high ideal, commit sui- 
cide. The ultimate suicide of De- 
mosthenea (cf Pint. Dem. 29) wns 
prob. prompli'd more by fear of suf- 
fering indignity as a prisoner than by 
disappointed hope. 

2. ^npH^Toii: the mid. and pass. 
of this verb have grown ao far away 
from the act. as to have virtually a 
deponent force with the meaning /ear. 
Cf Xen. Aa. ii. 6. 10. 

3. Sia^i'puv: without rSt HUur, as 
in § 17S, 6. $ 162,0 is diEtercnt.— 


SI. p. I 

Ooiv oixaSe iavTov Sta^joifcnjTai • o? toctoutoi' xarayeXa 

T-qv KtCi vnevOviov, ^v ouros trtxpa. ndfTa^ tous v6p.ov% 
yeypa.(j)€ (TT€<fiai^ai<Tai, p-vpiaKi^ KaraTeTpr/Ke koI tovtiuv 
piO'UQVi etA.i^(^e Tpavparo'i ck Trpocot'as ypatfta^ ypa(f)6- 
pevo^, KoX KaTaK€Kov8vkuTTai,, oiart avTov oiipaL ra rwv 
10 Kovhvkmv Ixyr} t(ov MeiStou ex^if in rfxivepa ■ 6 yap 
avdpoiiTO? oil Ke<f)a\7)v dWa TTpoa-oSoi' KeKn/Tai. 


iirwHKtttv otKoS* : the home is the 
place for cool refleulion (r/ § 246. 8; 
1. 1S6, Tira i' fx"' fUBCTos uiiar '/v&- 
m' ttl'tiSi" otiiaSc tK Tof JicsriTTipfai/) 
■8 well Ba for bilter afterthoughts. 
C/; Arehil.eO (Bergk), /.frrt iMtfiils iv 
ohv irarar^r^y hSipta. 

4. ^Birrdv Siaxp'io^F'" ■ ^^'^ Schol. 
SESB here an allusion to the death of 
Midias, ^ird i KciStas iroXt^irTJiT ijv, 

S 115. Others might see an alluiion to 
the Buicide of Timarchns. C/. Dem, 
XIX. 3, rbt fi» iu^piiHt. But ii.t'rax6- 
if'i'Xoi and Tuv ipuTTilui' nould seem to 
indicate that the case of Ajax was in 
hie mind. So we prob. have another 
reminiscence from the stage. See on 
gao9. 3. — KaraviXf: moet. C/.Sca. 
An. i. 9. 13, ti iiir til Duii roln-' Hv Tu 
^rxDi tlr Tolii xtumipyoiJ! lal UUoui cfa 

6. irpos : see on § 144, 4. — 4"^"''^- 
|i(av; honor. Cf. g 45. 7 ; Dem. x.t. 
69, IffTi !f ioBto ri y/iBjUfiB imlfy 
/iJii (pAoTi^tii Tiphi afias aliTois, ijirf 
Si i-pii iriijTii! Toil "EA\i!™i. — |ua- 

piv: everything about Dem. is /ua- 
pis. Cf. 55 79. e, 166. 3. The feel- 
ing is reciprocal. Cf. Dem. xi-iii. 

been audited. But each orator withes 
lu use both the situation at the lime 
of the indictment and the situation 
at the time of the trial. See on § 159 
m. — iruTCif; in keeping with Aeachi- 
nes' spirit of exaggeration, (^. § 50. 
7. See App. 

7. iivpuins: in Dem. stui. 130 
ToWitis = tmire I here nuptauis = ORCi, 
for the single case of § 51 jIn. i« 
prob. all that the speaker has in 
mind. It is another case of 'men in 
buckram.' See on § 71. 8. 

9. KaroiccNovGiiXAirTiu : Btriking 
phrases characterize the B-^Sp^iji 
of the speaker. Cf. 5§ 307, zo8, 
209, 253. 

10. KavGuXu* . . . MiiGfaiu : see on 
5 52. 7. Tlie assault occurred twentj 
j'eara before. Midlas had 'marked 
him for life.' 

11. 01 kc^oXtv mA. : see App. On 
the two occasions mentioned, Demos- 
thenes is represented to have endured 
disfigurenient of head and face for 
the sake of money. 

13. K«icTi]Tai.: tquiv. to vulgar Eng. 

CharaclerizationofClesiphon. §§113, 

Inasmuch as the warning in regard 
to Demosthenes' rhetorical device) 
has gradusllj run over into a picture 


r 213 Htpi 8e Krjjtri^cuj'Tos tov ■ypa.xjtaiTO'i rrjv yvtafiyju 

I ^pa)(4a ^ eiTrtli', to. Se TroXXa in-ep/Sijcro^at, tva 

(cai TT^pap XtijS&J, et Swao^^e tows (Tij)6Bpa iiovripov<;, Kav 

p.-q Tis vpoUTT-Q, StayiywcocTKeti' ■ 6 S' ecrri koivov koX 

6 St'tcaioi' /far' ap-tjiOTeptDV avrStv d-rrayyelXai 7r/30S vjj.a^, 

\ TovT ipai. ■7r€pi€p)(Ov7ai yap Kara, rriv dyopav aXij^eis 

KdT d)i.\rj\ttiv i)(oin'€<i Sofa? «at Xoyous ov i^cuSets Xe- 

214yo[Te?. 6 /tef yap Krijuti^wi' ou 70 Ka^ aurou ^t/o"i 

<j>ofieiiT8ai, eXTrtXetK ya/> Sofeii' iSitinjs etifai, aXXa Trjv 

Toi) ATjpofrOevovi; iu rfj TroXtTtta StupoSoKt'ac ^Tjai. <f>0' 

^(2a-$at Koi TTiv ffnrXij^iav Kal SeiXutv o 8e A^fj.ocr$ep7}i; 

5 ei? auToc /xev a.-jToj^Xeiroa' dappein ^Tja-iv, xijv 8e tov 

jnjiTi.fftwvTO'; TTornipiav kox TTopvo^oaKlav ItrxvpCts Se- 

'Ida character (see on § 
this short di 
DBtDTal and easy. 
i 818. 2. nl iroXXii i 


n man may hope for indul. 
It the hands of the jury 


Des was not mtereated m proving 
Ctetiphon n scoundrel, and the audi- 
ence would be pleased to hare some- 
tbitig left entirely to their own die- 

4. Koivo'v: Clesipbc 
speaker only as connected with De- 
mosthenes. Tlic only item here 
brought forward, that each is ashamed 
of hia partner, is introduced simply 
nith reference to tlic latter. 

6, KOT oji^ioTi'puv : modifies hoth 
Keltic and Sinauir ira'nerXiii -rphs 
il^f. Kari with gen. has not neces- 
sarily a bad signification. Cf. i. 157, 

;» ^i, tQKii Th, haiVHy B.piTlt'} Tiv] 

xar" abrav rniturSai ; but it readily 
lends itself to the suggestion of blame. 
Cf. Plato Apot. 37 b, mt' i^vroi iptlu 

~ S2H. 3. IBi-iryts: see on §3,10. 

■njw: by a single art. the two 
nouns are bound together, forming a 
single notion (^rf, line G). JcupuGaKlai' 
.since it carries if t^ iraAtrf ^f had to 
receive a separate art., and is thereby 
at the same time made more promi- 
nent. In both cases the art. refers 
to the thing as well known. — iikirXi)- 
glav: JicUeneaa. Cf. 11. 164, iiviiSiaas 
S/ itai Hal TDXiTftas ilitkYt^lai; cl 
irnrpiaBtuKii! Trpht 4>l\i»irDi' Trpirtpoy 
■rapiKi\ouf iir' iK<7ni' td^i "EXAiivsi. 
In riew of passages like § 79, it 
seems hardly necessary with L. &, S. 
lo assign the word a different mean- 
ing here. 

7 f. Tovf KaTryvuKoras aXXiiXotv 
KT^. : though the speciflcatioDs are 
prob, fictitious, note the skill with 
which the speaker works up to the 
conclusion, "it were a shame to 
acquit a pair of knaves who have 
condemned each other." — koivoI : 


AI2XIN0Y RATA KTHSI*iiNT02 214-216 


SUvai. Toiii Sly Kareyi'ttiKoTa! dW^Xtop dSiKctv fi-qBafiSii 
u/iEi; ot KOLVol KpiToX Toiv iyKXijfJiaTcov aiTokvaijTe. 

215 Uepl 8e run' ets ifiavrov XoiBopiSiv ^pa\ea /3oiJXo/xat 

irpO€LTT(Li'. Truvdd.vofiai yap Xefetv iiTip-oaBiar^v tos ^ 
iToXis ^tt' awroO juev otfjxKTjTat iroWd, vtt' ffiov Se Kara- 
^CjlSXaTrTat, Kai tov ^iXtTnroi' koX tov 'AXe^ophpov koI 
6 Ta^ alio TOVT<i)p atTias acotireti' err e/ic. otirw "yn/i eorti', 
ois eoiKe, Setcos Sij^toi/pyos Xoycoi', lucrre ou*c diroxpt) 
avTw. ei T[ 'JT€TTo\iT€ nap' vp-lu eyw ^ a rti'a? S»j/iTj- 

316yopias etpTjKa, tovto)^ KaTTjyopeiP, dk\a koI n}v i/otj^iW 
/now ToS ^I'ou Sta/3a\\et teal t-^s crtaiii-^? /iou KoTf^yapu, ti-a 
/i,7/ScLS auTo) TOTTOS d<TVKo^dvrqTO<; TrapaXeiinjTai., Kot ras 
cV TOL'i yu/icacrtots /iera twi^ veayTepeup fiov Biarpi^aq 
6 Kara/ie/ii^erat, fcat Kara T^trSe 7^5 KpCcreoi^ evdvi; dp)(6- 
fi€voi; TOV \6yov ^4p(.i rtva ain'ai', \iy<ap oj? cy&i r>;v ypa- 

coramon. "Ton can ratify the con- 
ttemnatioii irhich ench has already 
passed on the other." Koniiv, S zi,'^. 
4, liBS not j'Gt pa9SE!(i out of the speak- 
er's mind. — KptraC: applieil to (lie 
jury bUo at § 50 /'n. 

lUfulaiian ef probable attaets of De- 
TanstheaES ujion the person of the speaker. 

§S ![lS-229. 

§ 215- 2. irwtavajiaL Xi'^iv At]|>a- 
o-Wvijv: see on § 189. 1. 

4, 5. HenrliftiJj's. — TOS ciini Tovrmv 
otTlot: r^f. Deni. xvm. 283 f. 

G. BijpiMiwpYiis \o-ywv: Tnunipalator 
o/wuF'f/i. C/. § 200. 7, Ttx-ffijB A^-yoiv. 
1, 170. 

7. &i][ii[Yop(asr none of these are 

§ 216. 1, Kal Ti|V ijirvxlav |uni 
ktA.: p/'-Dem. XVIII.*.; proh. 
a geunine ease of anticipation of De- 
nmstlienea' point. See on § 189. 1. 

3. toitk: topic. 

4. fLov GiaTp^cb: the reference is 
not to aueh altauks as Dem. xviii. 
258, concerning AescliineB' menial 
employments in the schoolroom, but 
rather to such a charge as is antici- 
pated in I. 135, KiyraiBa Bfl tii« «iTa- 
Spofiijp, Sii iLKa&aff fieWei iroifia&ai ijtf 
pbTuy, tl aiiH aiiTx^^ofiax aiirhs fiir if 
Torj yutitarlois ix\r}pis i'V ebI wAtf- 
trrw ipafrrijs ytyov^t, ri Sf irpayna tli 
imSos Kd! IrirSitou! KaSiirrii. In the 
present case, the anticipation fails to 
hit the marie. 

5. Kara^ see on § 213. 6. — <>PX<^' 
)UVM Tou Xdfov ^pii (T^.: something 
of the sort llemosthenes does intro- 
duce in xr:it., not at the heglnning, 
however, bnt in g§ 197, 279-284 ; and 
even then not openly and deflnitely. 
The pres. tense is a clear trace of 
revision after hearing Demosthene*. 
Sec Introd. g 28. 


^yjf o^X ^^^P ^^5 7Td\((os iypaL\jja[i.rji' aW iwoaKvyfievo^ 
ilT We^dvBpt!) Sta TTjv tt/jos avrov €)(0pap, koX vr] ^i',Oi<;iyi 
TTwOdvopai., /xe'XXet pe dvepwTav, Bia rl to [leu Keif>d\ai.Qv 
aiiTQV TT^? TToXtTCta? y^iyoi, to. 8e KciO' ^KUfnov ovk ckw- 
Xvop ouS' e-Ypa.ij)6pT)v, dWa StaX.n7aii' Kat Trpo? 7i]c ttoXi- 
6 Tciav ov TrvKva TTpo(n,b>v dir-qvf.yKa ttjv ypa^jjV. eyw 8^ 
ouTc Tct^ Ay)po(rd€Pov<; SiarpiyScis e^TjXajKO, out' ctti rais 
e^aUTOu ai(7^vco/iot, oure rous etpij/ievows ei/ v/itc Xoyous 
ipavTo) apptJTov^ ai" etvai ^ov\otfi.rjv, ovtc 7a aura ToiJrw 


7. tvBiiKvvfuVH : fourt. C/! Dem. 

XIX. 113, ivid-cuS/Ktoi Tolt TpeirBfTi 
ToTt iropi ToC *iA/irirou jtb/whcti, Q/! 
§ aig. 3. 

8. -nji": referring to AleiFinder'B 
liatred, is doing stronger passt^esivc 
work than uiual. G. 141, n, 2; H* 
G58. — irpdi airev: for rpis i^ii m 
the direct statement of Demuithenes. 

§ 317. The charge here referred 
to ii tlie grayest one which DemoB- 
thenea brings against AeecMnes. C/. 
llie conBtunt iteration in xviii., §§ 13, 
12, 117, 124, 188, 191 f., 196, 222, 239, 
242, 273. It is said by an ancient 
commentBtor to occur seventy times in 
the oration. Demosthenes liimseif 
had often been confronted with a. 
similar eharge. and had pointed out 
the proper aniwer. O/.^ii.. 25; xiin. 
1S7 /. Acsehinet brings in a valid 
plea of hindrance for the moat im- 
portant period. Cf. §5 223, 226. But 
his reply, g 221 /., that he had at- 
tacked Demos til encs all along the line 
is a more satisfactorf defence. 

2. Ki^<Skau>v: Slim lotal. Aeschincs 
liungles a little in etnting the charge 
of Demonthenei. The latter does not 
mftke the contrast between ri neipd- 
» ud Tck KoS' fKunT'it, but between 

vvr and litt. Cf. Dem. iviii. 190, 
191. 'The contrast is not between de- , 
nouncing offeucea singly and in the 
lump, but between denouncing perni- 
cious counsels, or suggesting better 
ones, at the time of action, and mak- 
ing criminal charges irhen the time 
for action is past' Simcox ad lor.. 
StLil the fault is mainly verbal. Had 1 
Aeachines seen the final revisioi 
Demosthenes, he might have inserted | 
vvit and rirt. As it is, his anc 
proceed! as if the charge lay in 
mind in that form. Lines 4 and 5 
give that form even to the charge. 

4. SinXwrciv: K-xpiyv. (y. § 89. 3. 

6. GtaTpLpot: with a reminiscence 
of JinTpifliii, g 216. 4, carrying with 
it whatever unfavorable associations 
might attach to that. 

8. ^G(£iijii)v £v \^: cond. contrary \ 
to reality in past lime. "I wonld | 
long ago have made away with my- 
self." Aeachines is fond of assert 
ing tlie wotthlessness of life without j 
honor. Cf. 11. 5, tlyip tii tltturtia 
Sis iyii ToiavTBt ti nirpayiuu, iBlaror 
(Ira. 1x0, Tip Uarhr Slov vaiiliu. I. 55 
(rather overdone), & olnos tpyif vpir- 
Tuv aliK rlaxi'tra, toOt' ijii kiyqi ffo- 



w Ajj/ido-^eve?, -f) roi) /Si'ou jxerpiorr)^ irapeaKevacrev • dp- 
icei yap fiai jxiKpa Kat p^ei^ovoiv altTxptiii ovK i-mBvpoi, 
(uoTe KoX (TioinS} koX keyoj jSouXeutra/ituos, ovk ovayKa- 
6 ^d/xevos VTTO ttJ? if rp i^iiuet Sairai^s. trv S' o^ai 
\a0iup fikv (Ttya?, avaXwcras Se Ke'«payas. Xeytt'i Se ov;i( 
oTTOTcii' crot SoK^ ouS' oil/ ^ovkjj, aW orav ol purOo- 
Sorai (Toi TrpotrrdTToxTiv • ovk oitrjfui'ei Se aXa^oceud- 
S19/i«'05, a vapaxpTJpa efeXcyj^ei i|i£u8d/*ei'05. aTnjv^^Tj 
■yap 17 Kara rouSe toC xlnj<l>ia-paTO<; ypa^rj, ^v oix vnkp 
T^s TToXews aW wire/j r^s tt/dos 'We^avSpov S'Set'^'etis ^e 
i^^s ttTrefeyKeti', eVi <&iXi7rjrov fjwi^o?, tt/ju' 'AX^^cwBpov 


clflims to be ■ living enftmple of that 
moderBlLoQ wbicli he itreououBlj de- 
mands of every citizen. C/, g§ 1, 9, 
170. Doubtless there was a /ifpiirtit 
imposed upon him by the limitations 
of his nature. For thig beichrSnkUr 
Oeitl to vie with Demosthenes was 
like ' Llia crow vying with the diviDe 
bird of Zeui.' He made a. virtue of 
necessily. Without this alluwitnoe, 
this part of his answer would be 
highly ungalietactory. 

3. ^op: explaining niTpiinis. 

B. ir TQ ^tiirti: substitute for the 
adj. pu<riK6s, which in the sense of I'li- 
nate was not uommon until Aristotle. 
— Sairt(vr|t : cjl g 173. 8. — o-u S' olpju 
■ctA. : that this smart retort took effei^t 
better than argument appears from 
the somewhat impassioned reply in 
Bern. svm. 82, S flAafr^fiuv npl Ifi-iiu 

Ka^ \iytey Sit triwv fiiv Ka^iin, $ov B" 

8. aXatovniofuvoi •■ cf. ^ gg. The 
main idea is the imposture of a char- 
latan, described in Arist. ElL N. iv. 7. 
bat bragging is connected with such a 
tharlatan's talk. Cf. iXaiattUf, § 237. 

4, ixaCiyif^ g 338. 1. At. Ran. SBO. 

iKaC«"if^. l™ <poPit$,ln- iyd. Here 
it marks the brazenfacedoess which 
does not hesitate to lie when immedi- 
■ 1, lon.iotloi. 1. .UK. C/. .1. 130, 
a\A' i/tnl ye ri) rolls fltoit oSrnffi Jon*? 
ToCie /iinor Kiiyliiir$ai, 8»«I /if iKWil 
Kffay eutaKvVc' <' B' /i'Kpiy iwiaxir 
Si(n Tayr\p6Tariii tir 'EAM^tar ifrai, 
suit umphii ippvvrlici. A somewhat 
similar recklessness in talking for 
immediate elfect is charged npon 
Aeschines in Dem. xTiu. 226, 280. 

S 219. One of the weakest parts 
of the oration. As if it made any 
difFerencu to Demosthenes whether it 
was Alexander or Philip to whom 
Aeschines was paying court I Then, 
too, Aeschines chose {^iibjat.") his 
own form for this charge which he is 
now so elaborately refuting. 

4. fn ^iXfmrev ttwTDt : Philip was 
assassinated by Fausaniaa at Aegae, 
at the marriage of his daughter Cleo- 
patra (□ Alexander of Epirus, in July 
or the beginning of August, 330 b.o. 
Cf. §§ 77, 160. Cteaiphon's proposal 
to erown Demosthenes vras prob. 
made before the Great Dionysia 



B eis ■njc np;i(^i' KaTatrrijpai, ovnto trov to Trept Ilauo-aciai' 
hnhrvLov eoipaKoro'; ouSe 7rpo5 t^v 'ABtjvov /cal t^v 
'Hpa;- vvKTuip hi.tiKvyy.4vov. iron av oSf cyco trpoeve- 
Bii,KvvpT]v 'AXe^avS/niJ ; «i ye ^^ TavTov Ivvitviov eya 

(OKal AfipocrOivij^ etSojUei', eVtn/icis Se ^ot et /j.^ awe- 
j(c3s dXXa StaXciTTCDi' irpos Toc S^/xoy ■rTpo(r4p)(oiLai, koX 
rr)V a^CoxTLP ravrqv oiet \av66.v€iv fieTa<p€pa}i' ovk 4k By)- 
pOKparia^ a\A.' ef iTipa<i TroXtrewis. ei' /aey yap rals oXty- 

6 ap^i'ats ou;^ 6 ^ovXop.tvo'; aXX' o Sui'ao'rtuwi' Bijpijyop^i, 
4v Se Ttti? ^poKpariaiq 6 ^ovk6p.€vo^ Kal oTau avT^ 
8oK^. Kal TO /xei' Sta \p6vov keytiv a-Tjpelov ia-riv iirt 

TaV KUlpSiV KOX TOV (TVp.^4pOVTO'i avBpO<i 1To\l.T^V0p4vQV, 

TO Be prjSepiav vapaketvetv ■f]^4pa.v 4pyat^op4vov kpX 

(April) of the same year. See In- 
trod. g 23. 

6. JvvTviDv: cf. § 77, nliece, in- 
iteadof Hera, ZeuE appears. Possibly 
in the combiDiition spiii tj|v 'k9i\<iav 

KtX tJ)* "Hpa* 

: alias 

may lie hidden. 

In Att. prose. rp6 — in uilcuiu-e, i.e. 
before Alexander bei^nnie king. 

8 f. tl 71 |»] . . . [tSopv: wenk at- 
tempt to extort a laugh from the jury, 
a fitting cloBe to the trivial itrgument 
of the paragraph. 

S220. 3. 4'°^'>" maxim. The 
word has gone througli much the 
ume histury as i^laiiia. — otiii XavBo- 
mv: c/'.§J37>n. — tuTO+ipm*: (rnns- 
fir, and so misapply. Cf. §§ 35, 7, 
142. 8, 193. 3. Dem. xx. 126, rh Twr 

4. iripws vaXtrtlat: oligarchy is 
diametrically opposed lo democracy. 
Cf. Lys. 1. 2, Tffil Toirav fiimii rav kZi- 
rt^utras (i.e. adultery) nal it iiuioxpa- 

rlf <ral iKiyapxl'i 
Hence the euphemisms Iripas inBu- 
fitiv TToXiTiSas and frJpar l-rSuftfir 
wpay/iiruy, for the longing after an 
oligarchy. C/'. Lys. xi. 4; nv. 11, 
12. Isocr. IV. 317. 

6. Smfurmidtv : to eee in this nn 
alloBJon to Demosthenes (cf. § 3J!n., 
BvvaaTiias) 78 not inconsialent with 
the prop, interpretation of § 21S. 7. 
One might be a tyrant Bf Athena, and 
yet Bubservient to a foreign poten- 

7. Gul xpdvou: ~ SioKtlniiiv, line 2, 
§217.4. — itr\ rAf Kaifav itK.: ander 
the a/iw of great uccaaiona and profit (to 
the state). Cf. Thuc. vi. 34. 9, bs ir\ 

9. TO &j |iiiG>|ilav ktV ; si nister allu- 
sion to the reetlesa activity in which 
Demosthenes tahea euch pride, xviit. 
236, 24S. — Jp^ato|u'Mlu : equir. to 
iripitpyov. Seeon§i72.7. Fred. ger. 
of connection. H. 732 c. rvti'^o" 
with the flrat member suggests the 
prob, origin of this u 


I i'HiiurdapvovvTo^. nepl S« 
ifj-ov /xyjZk rSiv ahiK-qfLo,-, 
tfaTa^euyijS «Vi tows tolovtoxx; Xoyoi;?, tj tov<; aKovovTa<; 
iiriX'qa-popa.'i vTToXa/xjSai'et? ij cravrop TTapaXoyi^cL. to. pev 
5 yap TTcpi row? 'A/i^io'creas ■^<je^rjp€i'a croi Kat to. nepi 
T'lju Eu^otac SMpoBoKTjd^vTa, -)(p6vQ}v iyyeyevTju^i'ov iv 

I 22'iapvr}fj.oi'e'tp- to. Se Trept ra? rpnjpei^ koI tov? rpirfpap- 
^ous apndypaTa Tis ctf ixT]-o»fy5iJi/(at ^/Jocos Suvair', ot€ 
vopo9eTi}<ras TTtpX Totv TpiaKOdiaiv koX crai'Toi' ireitra? 

§231. 4. ^mXijiriiovcK; the i)ra- 
lors depend much on the forgetful- 
ness of Ilie people. See on § 59. 2. 
— irOfoXo^llil : t/. I. 117, airitTF Tlv\ 

(al ^iyd\a 

y rikit 


107 H 

inpl ToJs 'A|i^inriai : ef. 

mpl niv SuPoLCkv : ef. ^§ 85 ff. 

6. xpovwv t-yYiYtviiiitviuv; (line hiiv- 
imj elajiaed. Cf. Tliuc. i, 113. 1 ; iv. 
MI. 2; viii.g.2. — ittoU: "nee. 

7. 4ia«i|Mt itAJyX<»>: cf. % 125. 
This 18 the yitfti point of the reply. 
Sec on § 217 m. Dcmaethenes con- 
fesses to have met with some serioiu 
check in tlie afFair relating to Am- 
phtsea. Cf Dem. XTiii. 143, 144. 

£ 323. 1 tl. Concerning the four 
different forms of the trierarcliy, see 
Biiekh, Public Economg nf lie Alhe- 
nians, Book IV. chaps. li.-xiv. (epito- 
mized in D'Ooge on Dem. xviii. 102). 
In 340 B.C. Demosthenes was ^mTiTiis 
ToD rauTiKoB (I 222), and secared at 
th»t eriaia (the reopening of the war 
with Philip) the passage of a law in- 
nngurating the fourth form of the 
trierarchy, ace. to which each cjiizeo 
contributed pro rata. Tliat much 
money was oj'ereil him on that 

sion to persuade him to drop or modify 
his tatr he tells us himself in xviii. 
103. That lie actually look some of 
it is insinuated by Dinarchus, who 
it, as usual, prob. only cehointj! Aes- 
chines. Cf. Dinarch. t. 14Z, dal rifti 
iv T^ Stttaimipiii^ Tmr iv tois TpiaKtHrtoii 
yeytvyjfifvw, 5f oZTot irtSii Tip vtpi 
T&v TpiTtpdpxify y^fxor. aii ^pdtrtTf Toii 
tAt^Iov £ti Tpla TcfXojTa Kafii/p ^ctf- 
■ypaipt Kid fiiT<iTxriaCe rbv piiutf Knfl' 
€JtirT7j» iKKKnalar, no! tI ^Jv iiri\a 
&v fiK'ljipei ri/v rtju^fi ri ij* AwDii/ittfar 
o!iK4BfMou! The specifications make 
this more piquant than Aeschines* 
indefinite charge. That aneh a law 
nronld have to meet some modifica- 
tions in its passage is not unnatnTaL 
Dem. sTui. 312 appears to assert this, 
SiTifAoi^of S' eT^er fptwoy Btept^ wapit 
THji iiyfij,iniv Tar eiiJ^optSir i^' ch iXir 
liiriis rif Tpiripapx"<>" f^fi'i: All lliia 
is far from proving bribe-taking on 
the part of Demosthenes. See Grote, 
XI. c, 90, p. 270 ; Sobater, U. p. 492. 
For his trial and acquittal on thii 
piece of legislation, rf, xvui. 103. 

3. rptanorlnv : cf Dinarch. l,e, 
Dem. will. 171. The equivalent ii 
fotjnd ibid. 31^1 Tiyt/tApt^v Tdf cvfLft^ 


'ABijvaCov^ iTTttTTa.TTji' Ta^at Tov vai/TLKov, i^^fy^Orji vn' 

5 ijiov i^^Kovra koI Tre'tre veiav Ta^vvavTovaoii' Tpt-qpap- 

)(ov<; vi^-Qp-r}p.€vo'i, TrXetoi' 7^S TroXecu? at^avtCfav vomtlkov 

ri 6 TTOT^ 'A0r}i'a.loi Tr/v li> Nd^ut vavp.a\Cav Aa/ceSai- 

i'iH/iOfious Kal IIoWip ivlKr/aav ; ovto) Be rats amais eVc- 

tj}pa^a^ Ta5 Kara cavTov TifJ.tapCa';, aurre tov KLfByvov 

eu/at fiT) (Tol Tw aSiKT/crcwn aXXa rots iwe^Lovcri, irokiiu 

fi€p TOV 'AXe'fai'Spoi' Kal tov 'J'tXtTnroi' iv rais Sia^SoXais 

5 ^eptiiv, amto/Aci-os Sc nvas efiiroSt'^eti' rovs r^s 7roXeiw5 

Kat/jou;, (iei to Ttapov kvpaip6fievo<;, to Se [leWov KaT€Tr- 

4 fE. ({lU-Yx^ ■ ■ ■ ii+npHIJ^iw : if 
we were Blire tliat tliil boast were line, 
it would support Biickh's view thftt 
nn attack on the law afier Its passage 
IB meant. No proof of fraud could 
well he delivered until tlie working of 
the law had been seen. But with Aea- 
cbines a cliarge might easily rise to 
the magnitade of a proof. The hill 
prob. raised the minimum flgurc for 
porsona liable tocantrihute,sotbat the 
aggregate number of such persons 
was diminished (see Grote, XI, e. 00, 
p, 269) ; BO, though everytliing 

§ 223, 1, atrkts ^v<^pa£as ; hedged 
u^itli recriminations, military metaphor. 
Cf. Thuc. Iv. 8. 5, Toii rff»Ao«, ToC 
\iniros ifiippiitu. Common metaphor, 
Cf. tycurg. 124, tariaa! rii ASabs tUt 
iZiK-nnitmr irifpafxr. Recrimination 
seems to have been more character- 
istie of Athenian public life than 
refutation. Of. Dem. viu. 57, nal 

KaTftyopairiv a^oi, f^ij diicTjv S&inp ^r 
'. Tos Nanl travTov Ti|iidplas: for 


1 of 

%ri with 

e mat 
1)0 OS- 
night be 

the hill was directed 

strengthening of the navy, 

he easy to point out in adv 

from property now about 

euipted sixty-five triremes 

equipped. To some charge 

nile as this the numeral seems to 

7. S iroTt 'ABijvatoi Tf\v iv Nii£i|i 
wiu|iaiX'B*- '^^ ^PP- ^°' ^■^^ double 
ace, see G. 159, n. 4 ; n. 725. For this 
victory, gained by Chahriaa in 376 
B.C., by which the power of Sparta, 
supreme in Greece since the Pelopon- 
nesian War, was thoroughly broken, 
see Grote, X. c.77, pp. 348[f.; SchSter, 
I, pp. 30 ff. 

the gen. after Tinupta, cf, Dem. sviii. 
274; SIX. 272. Lycurg. 140. Dinarch. 
1. 47. — tSo-n TOV kCvGuvoV inA.: for 
turning a defence into an attack, see 
or § 207. 6. 

3. finfuiuri : of the prosecutor in 

court. Cf. Dem. ijti. zi6, 8i™j M^fi 

tap^. Sometimes ypaipf 

A added 

Cf. I 


t iT,i,Av 

;, Tiy-AXiicytp^v^rK: cf. §215. 

'. KaTnrayYiUo')uvss ' </. S 205. !>', 
;i7, 173. DL'm. xiiii. 11. The 
p. Jcard seems to carry llie idea 
a sinister or detrimental prom- 
On Demosthenes' hopes, see on 


AJ2X1N0Y RATA KTH2I*0NT0S 223. 224 

ayyeWoiJ.evo';. ov to TeKevralov fl(rayyeK\.ea6aL fiiWaw 
vir ifiov Trfu 'Ava^lvov cnJXXij^ti' tov 'ilpeirov /raTCtriccua- 
I 324o'a<;, tov ra ayopdcrfJiaTa 'OXyfim-dSi dyopd^ouTo^ ; Kal tov 
avTov aeSpa BiaaTpe/3\(o<ra'; Ty (ravTov X^'P^' yP'^'po-V 
avTov Baudrtft ^Tj^iwo-ai, irap" w «ai itot iv 'ilp€^ Kanj- 
ydyov koX diro 717? aur^S T-paTrc'^T/s e<f)aye^ «ai cTTies 
5 Kal ea-neLO-a^ Kal rr)v St$ia.v ivd^aXe^, tovtov ajre*cr«vas. 
Kal Trepl rovrwv h/ airaa-iv 'A^Tjcatots i^)iey^0€is vir 
ip.av Kal fcXij^eis ievoKTouoq ov to dtrc^ij/xa -^pv^iTtii,- 

7. ttiraYYAXtaflak (ic'XXuv : no 


stale nifn 

a of what he wa 

8. TTiv 

Dem. XVI 

0. 137, ■ 

A«l£(tV T^ (COT 

Eviurat: used . 

103, A.TP 

§ 95. 3. G/. Dem. xji 
a(!ov ypaifiiy «aT taxtiair 
Xen. CjP. ii. 4. "7. Tpd*o 

S. 'OXv)iirLaSi; Philip's queen Olym- 
piKB. The unsolved question about 
AnHxinns is whether, under cover of 
miikiDg usual jiurchaseg for Olym- 
pina, he was acting the part of a spy 
for MBCeJooia, Demosthenes (xviii. 
137) Hssutnes this, and makes com- 
plicilj with liira damaging proof 
against Aeschines. It appears from 
this passage that the evidenee was 
strong enough for Demoslhenes to 
ptoenre the conviction of Anaxinns 
and to make it appear desirabla lo 
Aeschines to drop any prosecution 
which he had in mind. Bnt passions 
were high at that time (340 B.C.), 
when war was just breaking out with 
Macedonia. A minimum of proof 
probably sufficed. 

§33i. t KalTiSva^TiSv^vSpo: in 

2. TQ <ravn>v X'V' ■ ^^^ words can 
mean nothing else than that Demos- 
thenes worked the rack himself, but 
Aeschines hardly expected his hearer* 
to believe tliat. Perhaps we are jus- 
tified in believing that Demosthenes 
wai present and presided at tl 

3. KaTtiyiyov : lodged. The second 
Athenian embassy in 346 o.c, 1* 
one for securing Philip's ratificatioa 
of the treaty, proceeded by way ol 
Oreua, Cf. Dem. six. 155. Probably 
Anaxinus was at that time Athenian 
proxenus there. 

6. iripl TOVTuv iUxxfiiit: it 
strong case for an appeal 1 
humane feelings of an Athenian audi 
enoe, and Aeschines would be the 
t up and make the most 

of i 

Tlie e 

I the iKK\Tiala {cf. 
ne S), and when Aeschi 
et entirely hushed. 
TTovot: the crime of tern- 
iporla was ascribed to monster 
Busiris, Procrustes, and the Cyclops, 
ty laocr. XI. 36. Horn. Od. a.271ft. 
Eur, IiA. T. 53. 

7. J«, 


St. p. 85. 

dXX' an€KpCv(o iff}* ^ koI 6 Sfjfio^ dve/Sorjo-ev /cat ocroi 

^ei/oi irepiioTacrav. cffyrjcrda yap tous ttjs ttoXco)? aXag 
iibnepl irXeCovos noietcrdaL ttJ^ ^epiKrjs rpaTritpq^, cttictto- 86 

Xa? yap (7ty5 i/fcv8ct9 koX KaraaKoircou avWyjiffeLS Kal 
^ Pacraj/ovs in atrtat? dyci^Tot?, a»s ifiov iierd tu/cov 

vearrepCt^eLi/ Povkofiivov, ctr* iTrepcordi/ fie, a»9 cyo) 
5 TTwddvoiiai^ /LLcXXct, rts ai^ en; toioGto? iarpo^ ocrrts 

8. dvcPoT|<rfv: of the shout of an 
excited populace. Cf. Ar. Ran, 779 f ., 
&XA* 6 5^/iOs iiy€$6a Kplaiy ttoiuv SttS- 
Ttpos ctiy •H^i' r4xvriv aoifx&Ttpos, 

9. Tovs riJB iroXcMs £Xas : a favorite 
phrase of Demosthenes. Cf, 11. 22, 
Tous rrjs Tr6\€0>5 &\a5 Kod r^v drifioaiap 
Tf^ic^^ap vc/>2 Tr\€ltTrov Bii tpriiri voict- 
ffOcu, Dem. XIX. 189, wov d* &\€s; 
wov rpdireia; irov airovdal; ravra yap 
TparytfBei -rtptt^Vf SHrirtp ovyX rohs &di- 
Kovvras ro^oty Syras TrpodSraSf dAA.eb 
Toifs rh Blxaia roiovyras. For similar 
phases of an austere patriotism that 
subordinated all other ties to love of 
country, see on §§ 52. 4 f., 77 Jin. 
It should be noted that the brief 
allusion to this case of Anaxinus in 
Dem. xYiii. 137 looks so little like 
a reply to this as to suggest the pos- 
sibility of a late insertion of this pas- 
sage. See Introd. § 28. 

§ 225* 1-4. Transition, suggesting 
a richness of material which the 
speaker does not care to use. 

1. {irurroXds ^'CvScts: Schol., 5t< 
cuKOi^avruv tXKri^ev kUrx^vov ivKTroK^s 
M vpodofflef, • iTuoTcS) oZv irrKTroKas ^tv- 
Ztis. These letters are not mentioned 
elsewhere. They were prob. letters 
purporting to be written to Aeschines 
showing guilty collusion with Mace- 
donia. Forgery of letters purporting 
to be written hy Aeschines would be 
more dangerous. 

2. Karao-KoirMV o-vWij^cis Kal Pa- 

(rdvovs: besides Anaxinus Dem. xyiii. 
132 f. mentions Antiphon. Aeschi- 
nes' silence as to this case may indi- 
cate fear of a revival of the charge 
of complicity in the latter's graver 

3. oycvrfrois: peculiar case of in- 
exact expression. Strictly speaking, 
it is not the atrial, but the grounds 
of the alrlai, to which the adj. would 
apply. In this connection the adj. 
signifies groundless. Cf. Alciphro, 3. 
68, SiafioKas ayevvels. — «os ^|«>v kt\. : 
in the case of Antiphon, 344 b.c, 
Demosthenes may have been mainly 
working towards the attack on Aes- 
chines which culminated in the trial 
on the Embassy in the following year. 
In the case of Anaxinus, 340 b.c, 
it is not unlikely that Aeschines was 
still the main object of attack, as he 
was an obstacle to the definite policy 
of war with Macedonia on which De- 
mosthenes* energies were then con- 

4. vcMTcpC^civ : this is so noble a 
word with which to characterize mere 
irpo^oala, that it is strange that De- 
mosthenes does not let loose his scorn 
upon it, as he does upon r^v *AXc|(£»^ 
Spov ^eviap (xviii. 51). — fir circpordv 
Kr\. : attempt to parry one of the 
most telling comparisons of Demos- 
thenes. Cf Dem. XVIII. 243. Prob. 
inserted on revision. See Introd. 

P 218 



70) voa-ovvTi fif.Ta.^v fiep dirOevovvTi /XT^Se*' (rvfi^ovXevot, 
TcXeurijcrajTos Se iXdoiv ciy ra cvara 5te|'ioc f/jo? tovs 

Goifceiows aTT au i-mnjSevcra^ iyirj'i iyevero. (ravTov S' 
ovK aPTcptoTas, tCs o.f cti; Bijuayoyyo^ toioutos ooTts 
Tou ^iku hrjiiou doiTTtvcrai hvva.iTO, tov5 Se Kaipov^ h> 
oTs ^f (ToJ^etr^at r^t- TrdXtc d;To5ot7o, Tovs S* e5 ^po- 

B uoSiTa? KcoXuot SiajSaWftJi' cru^iiySouXeueti', aTToSpas S' i.K 
Twv KivBvfoiv Kal TrfP ttoKiv atnjKetTTOL^ (TvfujiopaL^ irepi- 
paXav d^LoiTj m^^avovadai. in aperfj, ayaOov fnjSiv 
TTCTTOtTjKiys, TiiivTOiv Sc TUiv KaKutv atnos yeyorcos, iTTipamur} 
Se TOVS (TVKoipavryjdei^a^ eV r^s TroXtreta; in c'kci- 

i/wi' Twc Kaipwv or ifTJf (Tatf.iT9aL, Sta Ti avTOf OVK 

1227 eVtuXno-aj/ efa/iaprafetc, an-0K/>u7J-T0tTo Se to jrai-Tcoc re- 

XcuTetioi', oTt TT^s pa^Tj<; eViyei'o/ieiojs ou*c ia^oXd^oficp 

ir€pi TTjv (7y)v elcat Tt/ieuptai', a\X.' uTrep T^s atar/jpui'; 

Of. § 148. DemoBtliencB givea no 
hint of SI1J' such sitiialiaii. 

4. TOv« ri ^(KivoTivTas: primnrily 
the speaktr liimaelf. Cf. § Z33. 2 ff. 

5, KwXvoi: the inain point af the 

7. <rup^pau vfpipaXifv: cf. % m 

Kr. ,' 

'. 47, i 

S 77- e. 

B. &»: with ij4rtTi>, contrsr; to 
fact. The prot.ii caDtamed in Itctt)- 

236. 2. DvnpuT^: cf.Vlato Euihi)d. 
2S5 b, out aiVx>'>'<>, £ Sisparts: tpa- 

Tli/llfO! in^t/JBTJl; Notiw the iTTO- 

oTjM^^. — t£s av til] &i]|MiKUT^ ktA.: 
Spengel {Demosthenes' Vert/ieidir/ang 
dts Ktesijikon, p. 60) regards tliii com- 
parison as a most successful rcpt^ to 
that of Demosthenes. 

3. flrnnCoWi: vol propria of a 
parasite. Cf. Plato fl?p. 663«, BiSa- 

S<Ttu (ill ?»*(£«, foirnTal T( iiiotTKit 

\UV 0Xl7<4lp9U(riF, — TOUI KIUpDtrf - . ■ 

tHreBoCTO : ix. the opportunity before 
Chfleronea, when Philip, according 
to Aesohinet, was anxious for peace. 

9. miNo^avTi)$('vTas ik Tijt mhf 
Titos; thy bold combination imparts 
a little life to the somewhat worn oat 

§ 327. 1- airaicpvirrviTa 8^: the six 
optatives introduced by Jutii with the 
uniform connective ti prodnce not 
so much tlie impression of monotonj 
as of restless haste to reach the end 
of a series of disgraceful items. — tJ 
intvT«n< TtXroTdtav ; irith the eSect of 

3. viplx^v vi^v (Ivu nfuapfav: cf. 

I. 43» Tiept T^y iWity irapaffKtvij¥ ixi- 
TPifloi'. In Buch a combination elm 



St. p. 86. 

TTJs nokect)^ iTrpeajSevofiep ; eTTCtS'i) Sc ovk anexpy] crot 8C- 

6 KTjif firj SeScufCO'at, dXXa koI 8a}pea<; atrct? KaTayikaarov 

€v Tot9 '^EXX'jycrt Tqv ttoKiv TroiSiv^ ivravd^ ipearrjv Kol ttjp 

ypa(f)rjv ainjveyKa. 

228 Kat vfj roifs 0eov<; tovs ^OKvfiTriovs, cop iyo) Trvvda- 

voyLai Arfiioa'deirrjj/ \4^eiv^ c<^* w wvX fieWo) Keyeiv a^iov 

KoX iiakiCTT ayavaKTeiv. dcjyofJLOLOi yap fiov ttju ^vaii/ rats 

^eiprjcTLU, /cat yap vtt iK€LP(op ov KiqXeio'dai (^rjcrt tov^ 

6 aKpo(oii€i/ov<; dXX' dirokkva'd ai, StoTrep ovS* evSoKifieu/ 

rrju T&v ^^iprjvmv fiovo'Licqv • Kal Srj Kal rrjv ifiTreipCav 

is more general and vague than dta- 
Tpl$€ip* The point is not unskilfully 
put. The implication is that nothing 
but pressure of other business could 
have kept the people from punishing 

4. OVK dircxp^l • • • oiXXd xaC atrcts : 
for the same turn, cf. § 147. 6 ff. 
See on ibid, 10. 

5. Kara^AooTOV . . . iroicSv: for 
the dignified reply, c/I Dem. xviii. 

6. IrravOa : emphatic, marking the 
breaking of a long course of silent 
forbearance. — ivim\v : / stepped in, 
i.e. interposed. So in Polyb. and Plut. 
of the action of the Roman tribunes. 
Different is Mcrrrit § 79- 5. 

§ 228. 1. vi) Tovs Ocovs rovs 'OXvfA- 
vCovs : the solemnity of this ponder- 
ous oath, comparable to that with 
which Demosthenes (xviii. 141) ap- 
proaches the gravest part of his 
speech, the matter of Delphi, seems, 
in view of the not very startling 
comparison which follows, to be so 
overdone as to border dangerously on 
the tragi-comic. This effect is en- 
hanced by finding in the reply no ap- 
pearance of the so much dreaded com- 
parison. — «v . . . i^ ip . . . aYavaK- 

Tctv : cf. Lycurg. 25, &^iov 8* ia-rlv i<f>* 
dts fi4\\af xiyeiv iryapoKTijcrai. Both 
rels. are assimilated to the case of 
the omitted antecs. G. 163, n. 1 ; H. 
996, 2. 

3 ff . o^ofioioi yap kt\. : see Introd. 
§ 28. The comparison may once have 
stood in connection with some of the 
passages in Dem. xviii. where Acs- 
chines* fine voice is ridiculed, e.g. 
§ 280 or § 285. 

4. DcipTJo-iv : cf. Hom. Od. xii. 165 ff. 
Common brachylogy for rp (pj^aei iwv 
^eipiipcopf — Kal yap . . . ov KT)XckrO(u 
kt\. : see App. 

5. cv8oKi|j[.civ : see on § 96. 3. 

6. Kal St] Kal: adding a specifica- 
tion with emphasis. H. 1042 c. Com- 
mon in Hdt. but not in the orators. 
— n)v cfi'ircipCav Kal ti]v <|>vo-iv: the 
combination is equiv. to ^eipSrris. Cf. 
Dem. XVIII. 277, kclkcTpo tl els', fin 
T^p ifx^p ddpSTtiTa — (area ydp. Even 
there, as the speaker resumes, he uses 
4fiv€tpia» The orators try to conceal 
their oratorical powers from the jury, 
but if they must confess them, they 
prefer to represent them as simply 
the result of long experience and 
training. In adding Kal t^p ipiffip, 
Aeschines abandons this practice. 


AI2XIN0Y KATA KTH2I<l>nNT02 228. 229. 


Koi rf)v tftvaii/ fiov yfyevrjirdai cVt ^Xd^jj twv dKovov- 

t<j3V. KCLiToi TOP Xoyov TOVTOf oXws fihf eyatyc. ovScfl 1 

TTpfTTtiP rfyovfiai vepi ifj.Qv Xe'-yeic ■ tjJ? yap atrias ai- 

I 1229(r;yjoi' rot- airioJ/xei'oi' to ipyov fiTj e)(it.p i-mScl^ai- et 

S' ^c dvayKoiOV pTjdijvai, ov Atjfj.otT94vovs ^f 6 Xoyos, 

aW dcSpo? OTparrjyov fieyaXa fieu ttjv ttoKo/ arfoff flp- 

yaafiipov, Xeyeti' Se dSwaTou koX ttjv tSiv dcTtStVtoc 

5 Sid T0U70 c^ijXtuKOTOs (jtvo-iv, 071 CTui'OtSei' eavT&t pev 

ouSei' 0)11 oiaTTeTTpaKTai ovvapLefO) t^pdcrat, tov Se kot^- 

yopop ops. Bvvdp.fvov koI to. fj-r/ irtirpixyp.^i'a. ixf avTov 

napifrrdvai rois aKovoverip ais BiaKTjKev. oraj/ S' cf oco- 

p-drtav crvyKetpevo^ avaptaiio^, Kai rovrtuc iriKptov Ktu. 

10 TrepL€py(i>v, cTreira eVt r^f OTrXorr^ra, Kal tsi cpya. Kara- 

9. Ti]! atTlot: di?|>cDilenC on rft 
fpynr, which really d^BervEB the em- 
plistlc poBiliau given la t^i biVIbi. 
The orileT of words ia uuusiinlty and 
unneceBBarilj involved. The natural 
order would be, alaxp^r tip (^o-tO tIw 

g 289. 1 f. it E' V[v avsYKatov ^»n- 
v<u, ov Ai||ioa-BiVOvs ilv c Xo'-Yof : i'/' iV 
uvre bcuad Id Ac la.'i/.Z'e'nbslAenes unnili/ 
n"t ft the man to sai/ it. For this form 
of the npod. of a cond. contrary to 
reality,eceGMT.40,2,H.3a; H. 807. 

3. avSpos (rTpOiTijYQ^' ^^^ aome- 
what detiiiled description Becms to 
ili'IicBte lliat the Bpeaker has Bome 
iridividunl in mind. Is tticrc a hint 
in § 196 i*n. of a general among llie 
(Tuvfryo/Mt of Cteeiphoii ? More likely 
Fliocion, tliG man of deeds, vrho waa 
often liard beset by tonguey detnn. 
goguca, sat for Che picture. 

B. il^iXoKOTM: Schol, iw! ToS ;,a- 

7. Koi TO |ii] inirpaYpVva : note the 

force of Ksf, enhancing the contrasl. 
For ^4 imparting to the attrib. parttu. 
the forte of a cond. rel. clause, lee 
G. 28;l, 4 ; H. 1025 a. Emphaiia is 
gained by the prolepeis. 

8. 1^ 8uii'iciiiav: thai lie liai acam- 
pfishedf sCm rit ^j] trcTpayfjktfOL ^* aireu. 
The alliision may be to the claims of 
DemoBthanea in regard to the Tbeban 
alliance. C/. §§ I37ff- — fj dvQ|yi™, 
ruYKi^iuvot : one of Aeschincs' really 
good metaphore. Cf. ' Of imagination 


9. VKpaf : Dem. KViii. is the best 
vindication of this epithet. For this 
feature construed ai a merit, c/. Dion. 
H. de Dem. 65, li ^1> 7^ rtitpatirtiit 
rJif Sid/ifHTBr, Srar iituTSirii- of iraipol, 

Tol! TttBiiTiicoEr rSit /wiXfipVI^'""', fj- 

10. mpi/pYuv: see on § [72. 7.— 
StraTo.: after all. — ttJv CLvXa'Tifra not 

ti Ipyix: antithesiB to ifoiiirao. To 
exclude Demosthenes from simplicity 
and facta is an ambitious underloking. 


St. p. ei 
tfievyy, ris av ai'ct(r;^o(TO ; o5 ye t^v yXwrrac wairep rStv 
avKdv idv ns a^ik'Q, to \onrov oiSev ia-Ti.v, 
230 0au^c[^£o 8' eyiaye vfi.aiy, S> avBpe^ 'A-d-qvaioi, koX 

^TjTiw, TTpos ri av aTTOjSXei/iai'Tes aTTOi/nj^tVaicr^e r^t" ypa- 
^jjj'. TTorepov ti»s to i/iij^to'/xa eVrtf a'vop.av ; dW ouSe- 
^la nunroTe yuaifs.T/ ■na.pavop.taTipa. yeyevTjTai,. dW ws o 
6 TO i()ij(l>L(rfia. ypd\\ia% oi)K eTTiTTjSetds eori Stfoji' Souvat ; 
ouK ap' eftrl Trap' u/iu/ eu^v^'at jSt'ou, et toCtoc d<f>^(r€Ti. 
€K€ivo S' oi XvTTTjpoP, et TTpoTepoif pev ifeTTLpTrXaTO -f] 
opx^fTTpa yjivtroiv uT^i^dva} cots o S^pos etrTtf^afouTo 
wiro TMc 'EXAt/cwc [Sta to fee ikoZs ord^ai-ois Taun^i' aTro- 

11 f. oj ■yi niv ■yXuttov ktX. : Dema- 
des is Bsid to hare applied this com- 
parison to the Athenians. Cf. Stab. 
FloT. 4. 69, AUM^iti Tuit "AOnrafrjui 
tllcafcv au\oi'i, 2v il Tli ^('Adi ri^v 
7A£TTai', ri Mtvlr otttiv iariy. For 
an echo of this, cf. Liv. xxxi. 44. 9, 
Atheniensei quidem literie 



s I'hilip- 


Epilogue, §§ 230-260. 

The transition is very abrupt. See 
Bl»Bl. III. 2, p. 227. Schafer (lU, 
Beilage, p. Id} regards the whote pas- 
Bage |§ 221-229 as inserted by Aea- 
chines in liis revision, to meet Dem. 
iviLi. 133-137. 

g 230. Tlie rhetorical form is 
shaped M if the speaker were eon- 
ducting thu investigation nith the 
jurors point by point (r/ioKaTiUij^is), 
A flue e::(ample of the same form is 
Dem. viii. tj, xt TTOi^Dfiei' fif M X*/>- 

kbI t1 ri vfiiyimTa larat Bf\Ti«i : iiAA' 
hatvi' iv BaiHcaiiiii' ainal. fiv S' inb 

Af DUX !{»'■ ""i Tfi (yyinjrti ^ffTi 
TouTDv; Very aimilar in form areLys. 
Ltx. 26. Isae, V. 45. Lycurg. 144. 

4. ■(V"|i'l ■ *■' * synonym for i((^- 
*,B»«. C/.§3.3._ 

5. iinTif6<u)s Sovvol: c/. Dem. Ii. 
61, Till !' ^ff.TjjSe.oj' TaiiTii raStw 1^. 
Similarly inwiriiSfUii for ii^iot, Lyi. 

6. )uBuv(u piou: the word fji^m 
was so much more commonly used in 
connection with ofGcial accounts (^cf. 
§§ 9 fi.) that here it has almost the 
effect of a metaphor; yet cf. Plato 
Frol. S2GA,U S' &v iiri! ^alrji raih-ur, 
Kokiiet (sc. i5 iniAij), nuI im/ia rg KoKdr 
i/fi Tai^jj Hul rap* bp^r Kal &JiXodi woK- 
Aaxoii is tuSuiiDilcnii i^t itfioi!, (BSumi. 
For Ctesiphon's irregularities of life, 
cf. § 214- O- 

7 Q. it vpciTtpov ^v ktA. : some- 
what stately period, in which to the 
main contrast with /liv . . . ii a tab- 
oTiI. contrast ii4r ... S^ is adBched. 
Otherwise the ejcpreasion is like § ij8. 

8. [Bui . . . nlv ^[Mpav] : see App. 
If the reading is correct, the speaker's 
rointi outruns his words, and oontem- 

222 AI2X1N0Y RATA KTH51*nNT02 23°) =3' 

fidroyv Vfiet^ jxcu doT^^avwroi, koI aKijpVKTOi, yLyv€(rde, 

SSlavTo; Sc icqpv^6r]a€Tai. ; Koi ei ^ey 7i5 toiv TpayiKmv^ 

woLTfTaiv Toiv fiera ravra cVeKraydiTui' TTonjaeiei/ cV rpa- 

yatSCa rov ©e/JcriTTji' utto Twy EkXiji'an/ aTe<l>avovp.ePOV, 

ovSels av u^oJi' inroficivcieify ori ^ija-iv 'Ofnjpo's a.vavhp(»' 

5 E^at: Kai trvKotjidvrr}!' ■ airol S' orav toi/ Totovroi' dv- 

BpwiTOi' aT€<f>avS>Te, ovk oL^o-de iv Tot^ rwu 'PXXTJi-tuv 

Sofai; o-vptTTitrOat ; oi pev yap Trarepc? vpayv rd iiSo^t 

Kal \apirpd tmu wpayiidTiup dvfnOftrav 7W Si^'/iw, ret 

Se TttTreiva Kal KaTaSee'arepa ets Tovs ptJTopa^ tov? i^u- 

10 \ov5 erptvov • K-nja-itfiiiii' S' u/ia? oterai Seu- ai^eXdi'- 

7as T^v dBo^Cav dtro Ajipoa-Odvovs ireptOeTvaL tw StjjU^ 

plalEs the great day on which it had 
bceo proposed tti enBCt the disgrace- 

§ 231. 2. Jtriurio'tTuv ; see on 
S -53. 7. 

3. e<p«rt-niv : c/. Horn. /;. ii. 246, 
Btpair' ixpnS/ivBi, \iyii rtp iiiii a-yo- 
pijTi(t. Somewhat more complimen- 
tsry to Thersites ia Soph, Pliil. 430 f., 
ra^lau flit ^BTii i^ipiiirafiai, 7A(iff(rp 

Si i.ic 

he ia the mao of viorilB riitlitr tlinn of 
deeds. The point of view is different 
in tbe utterSiDCG of Demadea lo Philip 
after Chaeronea, Diod. xvi. S7, Saat- 
Asii, T^! rixvt "'I rfp'Scl<n)s xpiinon-ov 
'AyaiL/iinniias, auths dIik aSax^'i' rpiir- 
Ti»» Ipya SipalTouj That Aeauhines 
takes the latter poiot of view rather 
than the former, wliich wbi admirably 
adapted to his purpose (rf. g 229. 9), 
Eeems due to liis umrillingncBS to 
abandon the favorite (ruKo^atTi;^. 

7. (TvptfTtrfai i c/ § 76. 7. The 
word ii BDniewhat strained. For 
the same appeal more eimply put. 

c/. Deio. xuc, sag, t(i fona }.iytf 
repi ifiui; ti Toirrav i^iaiTt. Thtl 
appeal to what the neighbors will say 
ia common in Greek from Uonin 
down. Cf. Horn. Od. ri. 273, 

aKtttfU ^VHt¥ iJifVlf*ILj pJt T£I DxflTffW 

laaittiii. — ol pivTilfi ■m.tipti : AeBcht' 
ncs drops into hia rolo of laud 
temporis acli. C/: §§ 2, 154 

8. livcTlStow : used in good ni 
as bad sense. Cf. § 237.8; laoci 

9. «li toiIt ^ifrepas ravt ^avXmit 
(rptirov: "they made acape-goala of 
the bad oratora." For the effect oT 
Tu6r ^ilAoui, see on § 130. 3 f. 

11. oirj Aii|iOff4(»iif : graphic. 
" Cteaiphon wiU take fiom tke ktad 1^ 
Demosthenes the crown of disgrsM 
which now surrounds it, and plfti 
on the people of Atlicns." — frtpilcl- 
VOi: (■/ g 237 fin. Prop, pal 
crown; here metaphorically of a c 
of disgrace, Cf. Isocr, v, 78, U«ei 
also of a crown of gloiy, ibid. 149.. 
Thuc. i«. Sjjin. 


St. p. 87. 

232fcal <l>aT€ fikv €VTV)(€is eli/at, a»9 Kat icrriy koKS^s ttoiow- 87 
T€9, %lrrj€J>ieia'6€ 8' inro fih/ r^9 tvx^^ eyicaraXcXctc^^ac, 
VTTO Arjiiocrdcpovs 8c ev ireTTOvdei/ai ; koI to iravrtov 
aTOTrwaroVy h/ rot? aurot? 8tfcacrr>;ptot9 rovs iJih/ ra? 
5 T&v S<opa>v ypa^as oKicrKoiievov^ artftovrc, ov 8' avrot 
liKrOov Tro\iT€v6iievov crvi/torc, crrcc^ai^cwcrcTC ; fcat tous 

ftO^ KpLTOLS T0U9 CfC ^lOVUcioiVy OLV flTj SiKaCcO^ TOV^ KV- 

kKlovs Xopovs KpivciiO'Ly ^rfiiLovTe • avrot 8c ov KpLral 

§282. 1. ci&ruxcts: the belief that 
Athens inherited good fortune and 
the favor of the gods was a cardinal 
point in the Athenian creed. See on 
§ 130. 3. Cf. Solon 4 in. (Bergk), 
ri/i€r4pa 5i r6\i5 Karti ii\v At^s ofi iror* 
oAetrai alfftuf koIX fioucdpwp Stay ipphas 
aBavdretp. "Will you/' the speaker 
asks, "keep on saying that fortune 
fayors you, but pass a vote which can 
only mean that fortune has ruined 
you, while Demosthenes has done his 
best to save you ? " — c&s Ka\ iirri : 
**it were impiety to deny it." De- 
mosthenes also, XYiii. 253 f., is no 
less emphatic on that point, but is 
forced to admit that Athens is now 
taking her share of the prevailing 
bad luck of all the world. — koXms 
voiovvris: happily. Cf. Dem. xviii. 
231, d/Acts KoK&s rotovKTes robs Kaprobs 
K€K6fju(r0t. Kr. Spr. 56, 8, 2. 

2. i|ni|^t(rdc vird rfjs rvxtis ^YKaro- 
XfXct^^Oiu: Demosthenes, xviii. 207, 
admits this purport of a vote praising 
him, but is adroit enough so to iden- 
tify himself with the people that an 
adverse vote will be a censure to 
them. And yet he elsewhere includes 
Hxt among the things for which the 
aififiov\o5 holds himself responsible. 
Cf. Dem. XVIII. 189, Koi BlBwriy (sc. 6 
<r6fifiov\os) a^hu (nr^iBvvov rois iret- 
o^euri, tJ riJxpi ^y Kaip^, r^ fiovXa- 

fi4p^. VIII. 69, 8(rris tV roiaOrriv "koXi- 
r^iav trpoaipelraif iv f irXetSycoy fi r^xv 
Kvpla ylyytrai ^ 01 Koyiafxoiy ro^uu 5* 
&iJxl>or4p6»v iavrhy {hrt^tOuvoy (tfiiy Trape- 
X^h oZr6s iffr* ^LvUpeTos, koI xP^^^M-^^ 
iroKlTris S toiovtSs iariv, 

3. TO irdvTMV droiruraTov : see on 
§ 161. 6. 

4. rots avTois: emphasizing the need 
of consistency. Cf. §§ 10. 4, 224 in. 

5. Ypcu^as : cognate ace. with pass. 
See Kr. Spr, 62, 4, 7 ; H. 725 c. 

6. \Lur9ov iroXiTcvofAfvov : the argu- 
ment is a compound a fortiori. " If 
you deprive of civic rights those con- 
victed of peculation in single cases, 
and by the doubtful sentence of a 
court too, much more must you at 
least withhold reward from one whose 
whole public life is venal, especially 
when you know it." 

7. ^k: penalties for offences com- 
mitted at the Great Dionysia were 
imposed at an assembly held imme- 
diately after the festival. See on 
§ 52. IJin. — Tovs kvkXiovs x^'P^^vs : the 
dithyrambic choruses. Cf Ar. Nub, 
334; Pax 829. Schol. on Ar. Av, 
1403, rhy KVK\ioBiddffKa\oy • &yr\ rod 
di9vpafifioiroi6y. Why Aeschines does 
not mention the dramatic judges is 
inexplicable. See App. 

8 f . ov . . . xop<)^ aXXd ict\. : argu- 
ment a fortiori. 


AI2XIN0V KATA KTHSI*fiNT05 232-334 

XOp<av KadecrrfjKOTe^ dkka vojiau Kal ttoXitik^s dpenj'i, 
10 Ta5 Stupeds oil Kara, tous vo^ous ouS' oXiyoi? wai rois 

Tov Si.Katmjptov 6 rotouros KpiTrjs iavrov pep daBevij 

weiroi.TjKw^, ter)(ypov Sc tov p-qropa. dvijp yap iStwnjs 

cf TToXci Z'qpoKpaTovptf'Q vopta koX i/nj^w ySatTtXciJci • 

B 6to.v S' €T€pu) TovTa irapaB^, /caraXeX.uKei' t'^v auros 

auToO Svi'acrretaj/. ineiff" 6 pkv opffos, ov 6pMpoKOi% 

StKtt^et, crvpirapaKoKovOoiV avrov XvrreL- t) Se X°-P^^ TTpo^ 

OK i^apC^ero aSiyXo? ytycirqTo.i. 

I 834 AoKo{//i«j S' e/iotye, w di'Spe? 'A^vaioi, dp.if>6npa 

teal KOTopOovv Koi ets t^c TroXireiav 

ou aoii^povowTei;. otl pkv yap ivl tSiv imvi Katpaiv 01 

jToXXoi TOW oXt-yots TTpottade to. r^s BrjpoKpa.TLa'i lfr)(vpd, 

6 ouK tVatfol ■ on S' ou yey4p7)Tat, ^opa p-qropoiv roXpn]- 

10. Tds Suptos itT\. : cf. g iSo. 6. 

S33. 1. finiTa: tike the Homeric 
use after a cond. C/. Horn. 7/. tU, 
360 f., fi G' ireir i>i Tsi^sv ^Trii ffirou- 
i^i a-yope6u!, ii ipa Si im ^xtii-o e,o\ 
ifpivas fiAtiToii auTol. In the present 
ca«e the coud., really contaiQed in 
the indignant question preceding, ia 
BUggeslcd by romCrus. 

4. voVv Kol ilxi^iV- COliBt. with. iSn- 
aiXfvu. "Law and the franthise 
moJie the eilizen a icing." 

6. irapaG^ : snrTetider, vox ro i i i- 

tariB. C/: 5 240. 2. 

7 f. See App. — iru|i'irafaKoXavB»v : 
'/ § 157 J*n. The Tiolated oath rises 
tike a spectre that 'wilt not donn.' 
Cf. Xen. Hier. vi. 6, i ^i$os ol ^mi. 
aurhs ir&y rail ^ux"^' AurJIpdi ^oTi)', 
dAAct ifal itdifTOfV T&v Tjiiwy avuirapa- 

ktA.: weak reinforcement uf the 
strong point just made. Perl^aps, 

howCTer, the consideration that hii 
faToritism conld not be known, and ^ 
conBequcntl; must go unrewarded, 
was more nearly level with the eye 
of the average juror. 

§ 331. 1. dji^sVipa: see on § 161. 
6. Cf. Horn. //. iii. 1T9, i^ipirfpnt 
BaatKcit t' ayaeis tpaTcpis t' alxMW^t' 

2. ([j T^v iniXiTtlav ; modlGes bath 
the preceding infs. and the folloiving 

3. ov trtt^'poi'ovVTCt : emphatic. 

"Thire is no political wtsilom shown 
either in our success or in our failure." 
— 5ti piv KT\. : illustrating Karofiavf 
and irapaicii'Iui'tutiv in inverse order, 
with a peril that has come through 
folly, and ft blessed escape tliat bfti 
come by mere good luck. 

4. Til Tiis . . . Urxvpa ! c/ 8 6 jin. 

5. ouK (iraivu: litotes, tOQiag- down 
the rebuke. — +op<i: crop. Cf.Dem. 
iviii. 61, rapi Toit "EAAijffi ipBpiii rpa- 


St. p. 87. 

pZv aifia Kal irovriptovy €imr)(ovii€v. nporepov fikv yap 
rotavra9 <^v<7€ts rjveyKe to Srifiocnov, at pahto)^ Kar- 
(kvcraj/ Tov Srjfiov €)(aip€ yap icoXaiccuo/xei/os, ineiT 
avTov ov\ OV9 i<l}ofi€LTO, aXX* ot? eavTov ipexeipt^ey 

SSSfcareXvcai/* €piol 8c avrSiv koL tcov TpiaKovra eyivovro^ 
ot 7rXctbv9 rj ^cXtovs Ka\ TremaKoaiov^ tcov ttoXltcov d/cpt- 
Tov^ aw€Kreivav irpiv koX ra? atrta? aKovaai i(f}* at? 
cfieKkop airodviQa'K^iVy ical ovS* cVl ra? Ta<^a9 Kal €fc- 
6 ^opa9 rail/ TcXcvnycraiTO)^ cwwv tou9 TrpocrrjKovTas wapa- 
yiyvecrdai. ov\ vif> vpHv avrois €^€T€ tovs voXiTevofie- 
vov^ ; ov Tanewdcrai/Te^ aTroTrefiijfeaOe rovs vvv iirrjp- 
Ikei/ov^; ov ii€[ijnjcrea'0^y ort ouSct? Trconore eireOero 
TrpoT^pov tQ tov Sijiiov /caraXvcrct, irplv fi^tfiv tS)v 

10 SLKaarripUov tcT^Scrat; 

9oT&r ircU ^poS6Kuv Ktd 0€o7s 4x^P^^ 
MfAww avp€$ri ycvMcu* — ToX|iT|- 
pwy: "the element which is luckily 
lacking in Demosthenes." 

6 ff. irpoTipov |Uv ^op kt\. : " it is 
all good luck, for formerly the same 
indulgence brought disaster." 

7. 4 vryKf : yielded. Cf. (popd, line 5. 
— T^ 8T||&ao^oy : the state. Cf. § 58 ^n. 

8. ^X^P* Y^ KoXoKcvo'iif vos : cf. 
Ar. Sq. 1111 ff., & A^/ue, tiirapdyooyos 
cT, 0wwtv6fiep6s r€ x^P^*^ K&|airaTfi6- 


§ 235* 1. TMV Tpuucovra: pred. 
part. gen. 

2 f . ot . . . cbcpCrovs dirf KTcivav : cf. 
Isocr. Yii. 67, vevraKoalovs ixkv Koi 
Xi^iovs r&p TToXir&p iucplrovs &ir^fcrci- 
ray, cis 9h rhp Ilcipata ipuytiu xK^iovs fj 
veyraxiirxtA^^ovs llpdyKaaap. Lys. xii. 
17, no\€fidfixV ^^ xofyfiyyttXap ol rpid- 
fcorra rh ihr* iKtlpetp tlOuriiipop rapdy- 
yt^fM, vtpeip K^ptiop, vp\p T^v airiap 
thrtip 81* ^prtpa H/xcWep iwoQaveTtrOai. 
Por a general review of the excesses 

of the Thirty Tyrants, see Grote, 
VIII. c. 65, pp. 30 ff. 

3. irplv dKOVfrai: sc. rohs kTroBvrji- 
(TKovras. Cf. Lys. I.e. 

4 f . ov8' c'lrl . . . iropaYCYVccrOai : cf 
Lys. XII. 87, 5<ek 5^ 'EparoMv^v koX 
Tohs (Tvpdpxovras avrov Btivhp ^p Koi 
rav r^Bpetintop irr* iK<f>ophp iT^tTp. — 
rou^ Kal ^K<^pas : see on § 77. 9. 

6 ff. The series of questions is 
rendered more passionate by asynde- 
ton. Cf § 253. 5. Similar in general 
effect is § 130. 

7. diroirc livccrOc : perhaps there is 
a tinge of the sacrificial meaning, 
drive away with imprecations. Cf 
Isocr. V. 117, robs 5* oih* ip rais 
evxoiiS oUt ip Bufflais Tifica/jitPovSf &W* 
inrotrofi'irhs ahrS>p ri/xas Troioufiipovs 
(<Jp«). Eur. Eec. 69 ff., rl wot* aXpo- 
fiai ippvxos oStq), delfiaffit ipdvfxatrips & 
ir6TPia x^^^i fieXapoTrrepirycop fiarep 
opflpap, &rov4fiiroiJun ^ppvxop 6^ip. 

8 ff. din ovScls . . . Urxvo-cu • the 
conspicuous crime of the Thirty 


A12XIN0Y RATA KTHSI*nNT02 236, 237> 

236 'IlSews S' av eyinyE, St avhpK 'kdi^vaXoi, itxunlov 

v/iwv apaXoyitraijXTfv Trpos tov ypdipavTa to ^-q^KTfia, Sta 
TTOias evepyarta'i a^iol l^T)jj.o<T9iirqv a-T€(l>avovcTdai. el fikv 
yap X.c^£ts, odev TJjf ^PXV'" '^°^ ^rj^icrp.aTO'i iTTOi-qtrta, 
5 oTi ras rd<}>povs to.? Trepl to. tcC^ koXcos eVai^peucrc, 
Oavp.a.t,(ii uov. toG yap raur' i^cipydaOai. kclXS)^ to yeye- 
vijcrBai TovToiV airiov ptiC^i KaTTjyopLav €\u • ov yap jrepf 
yapaKiiia-avra \py) to. t^^xtj ovBe roii'i 7a^ou5 aueXovra tov 
6p0S)^ TT£TTo\iTevp.a'OV Sojpea? atreic, aXX' dyaOov ncoy 

'i^Tatrtov yeyemjfxeirov ry -rrokei. et 8e rj^^i^ iwl to SeuTepoi" 

Tyranto, ace. to Aeschines, was the 
abolition of the ypaipai wapai'6iiuy. 
See on g 191. 4. The insinuation 
that it was one oi the steps toward 
their acquiring power involrea & h^s- 

It r 


cating the possession of pouer. The 
epiphonenia conaistiug of a eulogy 
on trial by jury as tbe basis of de- 
mocracy allowed here an efFectire 

g S3S. 2. avaXoYuralfiTiv : traald 
reetonnp. C/. Plato Hep. fll8c,d.,a- 

The speaker institutes a duel for the 
pleasure of the jury as spectators.— 
Bid irolat ktA. ; Dem, XTiii. 2gj, tiri 

aBm; adroitly changes art^tnoiiaBBi 
to TifiinSat, and introduces an answer 
pitched in almost the highest key of 
tbe great oration. 

5. Tds To+povj KT^. : liowfar above 
ditches the answer of Dcmosttieoea 
soars! Of. Dem. xyin. 299, ™1 t^v 
rappflav Sfia juJ* xipiTn! tiai iicalvBii 

h-i. • 

M 1 

6, TOV siupyiiTiai. : gen. after tbe 
comp, /ififw, — TO YTYiWia^u; tu\ij, 

8. ravi To^iovG dvaXo'vra : in 
haste to fortify Athena after the 
battle of Cbaeronea, the tombgtc 
a.flDrded most convenient maCeriftL 
C/. Lycurg. 44, kbt' itclmvs tuOi xpi- 
roas ouif turn' flrii ^Autla oS rafi4axir* 
laurijy cli t^ Tfli ni\fas ffocnjpfai 

Si riri\iirrJit6Tis rat S^kst. The sjta- 
alion was analogous to that when 
Themistocles, under the jealona eye 
of Sparta, was urging on the fortift- 
cation of Athens after the Persian. 
War. ty. Thnc. i, 90. 3, TiixiC' 
Si rdrras ffafSij^tl Talis i* rp ■w6Ku «. 

jULTO! Uty Tii uffKia ffrriti is -ri, Ipyor^ 
aKKi naSatpiiBi'Tai inbrB, llii'd, 93. 1, 
raWai rt ajTjKai dxr) tn}ptiraiv koI \i$ot 
tlpyaatiivai lyxaTtf^lyrirat. 

§ 237. 1. -rd Sfiinpov p^'pof : Clesi- 
phou's bill mentionci! first the par- 
ticular service of Demosthenes {cf, 
% 23G. 4 f.), and then his general ex- 
cellence. From g 49. G S. we shonid 
get no idea that tbe former was vaenr 
lioned in the bill. 


fitpo^ Tov tprff^LCfiaTO'!, if tj> Tt7okp.T)K<i.<; ypaifxiv, ws 
iarnv ain/p dya^os fcat StaTeXet \eyoyv koI TTpd.TT(av to. 
apitrra t^ Stj/^^ tw ' AOr/vaian', d<ji€\aiv rr/p akaCjOvelav 

S Kal TOV KopTTOv TOV i/»j;i^io-/AaTos a\jjai twv ipyoiv, eVi- 
Setfoi' Tjju.ri' o Ti Aeyets. ra? ^ec Trepi tov^ 'A/ii^itrtreas 
*ccii Tous Ev/3o€as Stu/JoSoKi'ay TrapaXeiirw • orav Se t^s 
irpbs 0Tj/3atous iTvppa)(iai; Ta<; ain'a; wan^jjs Atj^o- 
(fBivii., T0V5 /io* dyfoowra? efaTraras, tous S' eiSoras 

jcai aluOavopdvov; v^pil,ii<;. onft^Xiiv -yap toi- Kaipov 
KoX Tr/u Bo^ai' Tyju tovtidu, St' ^t- eyevcTO r/ (Tvppa^ia, 
Xavddveii' oiei ly^as To t^s JidXcfos d.^C(op.a Arj/iOtr^ewi 

i8 7repirtl9€ts. •q\i,KOv S' eori to dXa^oi'eu^a toSto, eydt 
TTCLpdcoiiai. //.eydXijj cnj/icioj StSd^ai, 6 yap Toii' IlepCTCoc 
jSatriXeus ou ttoXXw xpoi/o) npo rij? 'A\efacSpou Sia/Sa- 
cecu? 6t? T^c 'AcrCap KareVepi/ie tw Btjpco Kal pd\a v^pt- 

Similarly irepK^iivTfi, 
I 136, 1, of atripping o£E a disguise. 
TbiB if^A^rr implit^B a irpoirdcTKii on 
the part of Cteaiplion. C/. Thuc. 

6. iVCG(i{av : asyndeton. See on 
§ 235. G- 

6f. 'Ay.^iavdat koI Ev^^at: tor 
these topics, cf. §g 114, "=5 ('A^^iff- 
<>■.'«), 85-105 (Eifl«'«). 

7 fE. Srav U Tip -.r*. : Banie lieat- 
ment of tile same subject aa in §§ 
137 ff. 

8. iw-nfln'!: aee 005231. 8. 

9. ofvaoviTiij : vninfurmed ; largely 
those loo young to remember the 

; prop, i 

10. oMIavciMvovs : stronger than 
tiSfcoi,aignifyiiiBnien of real inaight. 
y. Thnc. i. 71. 5, odTf rpit Sfir rSy 

ipKlar olh-t tpit iyip^nr t<vi> aio-Saro- 
fiivaiy. T. 26. 6. Xen. Wem. it. I. 1. 

11. Safnv Toirnti': demagogic ap- 

12. XavOciviiv ot« ; cf. § zso. 3. 

13. mpiTiBiij: cf. § 23[ >«. ThU 
Iiints at a surreptitious crowning of 
Demosthenes with a far luorH glorious 
crown than the one now propoaed. 

§ £88. 4. KaTiin|j.4(( : from the in- 
terior of Aaia, down lo the sea. C/. 
g 239. 3. So iviBaais ia the common 
designation of expedittona into the 
interior of Aaia. When the demand 
here referred to waa made it ia im- 
Jiosaible to tell, nnleaa it be a refer- 
ence to the Bomewliat remote caac 
before Chaeroneu. See Schifer, II. 
pp.451fE. C'f.Dem.ii..^l,iKTifntaiiit 
xp/ff^Hl (f.i. iTttHToxor, (fl ntKorSr- 
rriaor, f!s 'PiSor, eii xCav, £1 BiuiiKia 
A«7w), lua iv nif irel(rqTi, noitairolis 


^^^H G <rrtKr)v koi ^ap^apov tVitrroX^v, in y to, t£ S^ aX.\a »fal 

^^^H fid\' aTratSevToi; SiEXc^d?^, teal iirl T^Xevrfj^ iueypaijiev, & 

^^^B " iy<i," ^rjcrCv, " iifUf xp^o-^ou ov B(u(r(i> ■ fi.i) p^ alrure- oil 
^^^^B39yap XtjxjtfirOe" outos toCvw 6 auro? eyKaTa\T)tfidfi^ viro 

^^^B Tatf wi'l TrapovTotv airiZ Kwhvfdjv, oiiK alTovPToiv 'AOr/- 

^^^H vauoVy avToi iKotv Karcn-eyx^E rputKoa-ia ToXavra. to) 

^^^V Stj/xo), S? a'tiKf>povtiiv ovK eSe'^aTo. o Se Kopitfiiv ^v to 

■ 6 ^pvo'tov (catpos (cai i^o/Sos Kal XP^^^ (rvpp.a.x<fv. to 8e 

I' auTO ToOro kqi t^i/ ^^aCiou a-vp-p-ax^af efeipyatraro. tru 

Se TO /xev Tiv %T]^aifitv otiopa t> 

juItui'. TheSuhol.aiipporlB this view, 
iTtijitoi' xpuffii' ^iri *(\iinro*, ^itri rfji' 

^of^rs- ou roAXw XP^^'V ktK,, line 3, 
is no insuperable objection to this 
TJew. Of, on tlie contrary, voU,^ 
XpiSfy, § 129. 10, of a few days. 

6, diraiSivTwi: see an § 117. 6, 
ftitd, in connection with BifiBapav, on 

7 f. Asyndeton augments tlie diota- 
tortal insolence. Such answers to 
eimilnr requests for money were prob. 
freq. enough to be proverbial at 
Athens. Cf. Ar. Achnr. 104, oil Aflif, 
Xpo'i. xnn-rfr/jaiKT' 'laovaS. — ^a-iv '■ 
tee on §14. 4. _ 

§ 289i I. -ram wv\ irapo'vTuv kivEu- 
V*; Beeon§:32. B. 

3. airit tKuv : added to suit akaiv- 
Tvr "Aeijfu/ii'i' because of the speaker's 
desire to emphasize the king's change 
of heart. — rpiaKoiria ■nSXa.vm rif 
6ii|tip : this was prob, at llie first gath- 
ering of the storm which was pie- 
rented from breaking upon the king 
■t once by the Thehan revolt. It 
seems to have been offered directly 
and publicly to the people. Refused 
by them out of timidity, it was prob. 
taken by Demosthenes for judicious 

t TO T1)S 0UOTU;^eOTaTT;5 

distribution. Plut.Dem. 30, represents 
it as sent directly to him, adding that 
Aleianiler discovered letters at Sar- 
dis, exposing the whole transaction. 
Aesohines does not here assert De- 
mosthenes' appropriation of the whole 
amount, hnt only of seventy talents. 

c/. is IS', m- 

4. irai^pavM'^ fine constmction of 
the motives of the Athenians. — 
D E>i K0)i££»v (tX. ; cf. § 141 in. In 
both cases the use of the masc. per- 
eonilies : " The bringer of the money 
wag not Demosthenes, but the emer- 
gency, etc." 

6, ({(ip^iiiraTO : cf. g 236. 6, where 
the word has ita primary signiflcition 
of finishing a piece of handiwork. 
For the same transfer as here, cf. 
Dem. XVIII. 140 (of Aeschines' mis- 
cbievouB interference at Delphi) It 
y iwi(tipyiaaTii toioSto* * «a<ri Tr>ri 
jrjjoTt'/joit IhHtiks Tt'Xdj. — iri ri |ijv 
TBV 9T]Pa[uv Jvo)ia htX. : "you an- 
noy us witii your everlasting prating 
about that most ill-fated alliance with 
Thebes, but we hear very little about 
the money of which you afterwards 
defrauded Thebes to its ruin," — ri : 
hitherto (since % 236 in.) Ctesipbon 
has been addressed. — irpoXaPwv : the 


Bt. p. Si 

(<; two^Xeis det \eytiii', to. 8 epdofi^KOvra. Ta- 
Xavra urrocriwTra? ci irpoXafimv tov (SautXtfcov j(/>utr«)i; 
240aire(7Tc^ijKas. ou St' ci'Seiaf \pT}fidT{ap Ecexa ^et* nevTe 
ToKavTOiV ot fB/Qt rfyi' dxpav ov irapthoaav ; Sta Scfca Se 
reiXai/Ta afyyvpiov 'AptcaStuc eftXTj^u^oTtDW Kai 
rStv rfYip.6v<ov croi/ituf ovrtup ^orjOfXP -f} wpa^fi ov ye- 
fi yeVrjTat ; ori 8e TrXourers Kal rai? ijSof ats ral? crauTo!) 
^^opij-yei?. Kttt TO K€<f)a.\ai,oi', to p.h/ ^acnXiKou )(pva'tov 
irapa rovrtit, 01 Sc jftVSwot Trap' ■^/tu'. 

prep, implies gailty haste. (^ $ 142, 
4. Perhaps also that Deraoiihent's 
'prerented' the Thebans in the funds 
destined for theio. — tov pno^iKov 
Xpuo-fov: doubleconst. Seeoti§234.2. 
§ 240. 1. tvna: preuediag its 
ciae. Cf. II. 150, frtxa toD B'^^iiirTau 

2, oI{<vai: the MaceilODitn gam- 
son who held the Cadmea (tj)>' ttpai'). 
Perhaps hopes were entertained that 
they would gnrrendeT ; possibly some 
neeotiationi to that effect were en- 
tered into. See Grote, XI. c. 91, p, 
368. Schafer (III. p. 110. note) lays 
of Aeschines' preient statement, ' Das 
sind drei I.iigen in einem Ateni.' — 
oJ wnp^Emrm: fail to aurtender. The 
second au is suhord. to the Qrst, vrbich 
is inlerr. See on § 132. 9. 

3. 'ApKoSsv ittXTiXuSoTav ; Dl- 
nareb. 1. iS B. describes tliis case in 
detail as foUons: The Arcadians had 
rejected an embassy of Anlipater and 
received one from the Tliebaiis, there- 
by showing willingness lo help them. 
They marched out, to besure, asaoxil- 
i&riei of Alexander (utri 'AXif^rR/isu 
iitXoiiSfir ^^tt-yniifrjiwo) . Their leader 
Astylns was ready to lead his troops 
over lo the Thebana for ten talents. 
Demosthenes lieBilHttd to pay the 

required sum. The Arcadians' price 
was readily paid by Macedonian emis- 
aarlee, and they were lost to the cause. 
Dinarchus appeals (req. in the course 
of his narraCiTe to SCratocles as s 
voucher for tlie details of the oRair. 
The truth prob. was that the Arca- 
dians were divided as to the proper 
coarse to lake, when the sudden ap- 
pearance of Alexander removed their 
doubt. C/; Arr. -In. i. 10, 1. 

4. OS Tf*Y«'*'F'"' - *"* come (o naught. 
The clmnKe from the aor. is not easily 
ac-counted for. The whole affair was 
five years past. 

6. XopnV^^ ""*'"""■'''■ C/. 1. S4, 
<i X^iJ((Tai xipvyir Tj BSfXvplif rp Jaw 
TOB. II. 79. fnirSpur X'tf^' ■""> "^ 

fiirat. Dem. tX. 60, xopTT^' fx"!^" 
tlXirroy. xiA. 216, ♦i\lxir^ X''f>yv 
Xpiiiitrat. Tlie idea of laviali outlay 
waa of course inseparable from the 
word. See on § 173. 7. — tiJ at^- 
Xaiov. for this favorite word with 
Aeachines, cf. §§ 104 ^n., 126, 173. 
For the appos. to the sent., cf. §g 161, 
'^1 i73> 227, 232, 245. With this 
the speaker turns from Demosthenes 
lo the jury in a confidential way 
(^^?>'), closing the topic with an epi- 
piionema that it would be difficult to 

AI2XIN0Y RATA KTH21*nNT0S 24'. 242- 

It. p. if 

I 841 Aftow Se Koi Trju dnai.BevcrLai' o-vtSiv Oituprjcrai, 

yap TflX/iTjcrei KrT^crt^&Ji' fieu Arnioij9Q'-r)v ■napaKoKiiv, 
o5tos S' afa/3a; kavrov eyKoipid^ei.i', /3apvT€pow rSiV ep- ^ 
ymv 0)1/ TT€iT6i'Bap,€i/ TO oLKpoafia ytyi^erai. ottou yap 
5 Tous /[isy oiTiys afSpas ayadov<;, ols TroWa Kai KaXa 
<rvi/i,crfi€p epya, tov^ Ka.6' eawrwi' cVatVous eav Xeyoitriv, 
ov <j>epopef ■ OTav Se a.vOpunro'i alcrxvvrj r^s TroXeai? ye- 
yo;"!!!? eai/roc iyKoifitd^ij, Tt? Aw ra rotaOra KapT£p^<r€La/ 

f 242 'Ajto fieu ovv ttjs d^'ato^M■ou irpaypaTcCas, iav irof 

(jypov^^, aTTocTTijo'ei, TToiTjtrei Be, Z K-rqatf^iov, Std cravroS 

7^^ aTToXoyicw, ov yap Stj ttov tovto ye crxTji/fei, wy ou 

SucaTos €1 XeyEtu. wal yap av aTOTTOv aoi avp^alvoi, ei 

5 Trp^r/v p.€u TTod' imip.ewa'i irpea^evTri^ ws KXeoTrarpov 

improve. Hera, inii. 312 eervc-s in 
a measnre as a countertlirust to this 
matter of refuebig to paj out tbe 
king's money. 

241. The transition ie liere marked 
by B)asi as abrupt. See on g 230 in. 
Perliaps in this nondeaeript seciion, 
as much as anywhere, we see the fail- 
are of the epilogue to eonform to tbe 
print'iplei of llie highest art. 

1. MTuScvo-lav: c/. §§ 117, 154, 
208, 260. See on § 117. 6. 

2. £n\\uiir1ltvi\ii iropaKaXttv : c/. 

3, papVTipav tuv fp^uv fi aKpaaf,a 
•^iymoi: because it is adding; io- 
aiilt to injury. For a similar exag- 
geration, ef. § 157. 7. 

4. ff. fimm . . . iutv . . . Jthw M ictX. : 
the apodosis, being emphatieally op- 
posed to the protasis, is introduced 
by 8.'. GMT. 67. The use of both 
liir and 5t makes the co-ordination 
and contrast rery clear. The aent. 
is, howcTer, complicated by the addi- 

tioD of a Bubord. hypothetical clause 
to the main clause of both protasis 
and apodosis. Otherwise §Z3j.3fi., if 
iTTOvfiii/vieTe inserted before ^v, would 
be exactly parallel. The form of the 
nrgunient is similar to thatof § 15S.S. 

6. TDvs KaS" VavTsv (iralvovs ktA. : 
Demosthenes is fully nlire to this pro- 
pensity in human nature, to>i Irai- 
viiu<riv lATofi; i;i9iirSai, and meets it si 
bis chief danger,almoBt with his open- 
ing words. C/. Dem. mn. 3. How 
futile this effort of Aeschines to dam 
up that flood of magnificent egotism! 

8. ■dprtprfo'iin' dKoiiM': see on 

5 118.4. c/: § 166.4. 

§342. 5. KXiovaTpav; Alexander'* 

sister, at whose wedding Philip wa* 
RssRssinaleil. See on ^ 319. 4. Her 
husband Alexander of Epirns, who 
was also her uncle, was killed in a 
campaign against the Bcuttii in aid 
of the Tarentines, in the spring of 330 ' 
B,c. SeeGrote,xn.c.e7i*n..pp.217f. 
Scliafer, III, pp. ISOff. Ctesiphon was 


Tr/v ^iXCirnov dvyarepa yiLpoTovticrBai trui'a.j^Q^cyofx.^i'o^ 
iirX T^ ToS MoXoTTwc jSa<riX«DS 'AXe^dvSpov TeX^vrjj, 
vvui Se ov <^TjTets Bveatrdai,. i-rr^iTa ywatKa fJi€v aA.\o- 
TpCaf ■n€i'9ov(rav hvva<Ta.i TrapapAjBiiaQai, ypdifia<; Se 
'HZp-LO-dov ^■q^t,<Tpa. ovK ttTToXoyj^uet ; t) toioOtos l<mv ov 
y€ypa<j>a<; (TT€(f>avova-dai, otos p.^ ytyvaxTKecrOai vtto tCh/ 

€U TTiTTOvBoTdlV, aV p'q TtS trW^LlTrj ; iTTtp<!iTrj<JOti St] tous 

otwaoras €i iytyvdiCTKav Xa^/Jt'ai' /cai 'l(f>i.Kpdr7}i' kuI Ti- 
6 p-oOeov, Koi iTv9ov Sta Tt ras Swpeas auToi; eSocrac Kai 
ras eiKoca? etrrijirai'. an-aires yap a/xa aTTOK-ptvoucTat 
OTi Xa^pla fikv Sia t^c ttc^i Na^ov va.vpa)(!.Q.v, 'l<fn,Kpd- 
Tei Se o7i popau AaK^haipoptoiv dv&Xe, TipoOeot 8e 

delegKled to express to the nidoir Ihe 
condolence of the Athenians, 0DI7 
two or three months before the date 
of (he present trliil. See on § 132, 0. 
Thos rpiftiu is Amply justified. 

6. irDVaxS«rop<v(ii : c/, Isocr. vi. 
103, TSli irneoMi avirnxSiaen-ray. 

8. GiiviurOiu: the omission of Apytiv 
■dda piquancy. 

9. iTa4>a|HiSiIa-S(iii : related in mean- 
ing- to trwaxSeiriiifViis bb caasole to 

10. pMrfov: as if the whole atmos- 
phere about DemostliencB were so 
infected with reniility that no other 
modve finds place in it. 

§243. 2. aim r») yiyviivKlv^iu: 
for oro! with inf. instead of the more 
nsaal Scte, cf. Dem. 11. 19. TDiDitram 
ivef^Btt!. oToui n(dt,t0JrTa! opxiTffBai. 
GMT. 93, 1. N. I ; H. 1000 ; Kr-Spr. 
66, 8, 6. oldi Tf is more comn*n. 

3. &> n^ -n, inwiiTi: s--. avf,". 
Thus even the speecli of Ctestphon 
ii mkde to appear superlluous. 

7.Xaft>l»«TA.: see on J 2M >. 
— l^iKpiiTti ktk. : this deed, 392 b.c, 
usaall; joined with tlie other two 

here mentioned, is a common theme 
with the orators. C/. Dem. iv. 23; 
nil. 2Z; :uiii. 19S, Dinarch. 1. 75. 
For a narrative of tlie affair, cf. Xen. 
Hfll. i». 5. 11-17. For i^.?Af nsed 
lu Dbiarth. I.e. aarJio^t is the usual 
word, indicating tlic sileged utter 
extinction of this body of Spartan 
troop*. See App. Tlie uipa was a 
nnit of the Spartan army-organiza- 
tion comparable to our 'regiment.' 
After the close of the Peloponnesian 
War the whole force of Spartan hop- 
lites was divided into Bix ^.dpu. The 
number of men included in a iiifa 
ap[)ear8 to have been variable, and is 
given by diiferent authorities at from 
6D0 to 1,000. See A. Bauer in Mlil- 
ler'B Handbach der All. IV. pp. 247 f. 
Gilbert, Gr. All. U. pp. 76 f. 

8. TiiuiWy Eld riv mplirXow : the 
first ambitious use which the Athe- 
nians made of the riclory at NaxoB. 
Tiniolheus, the son of Conon, was 
chosen to inaugurate this new mari- 
time supremacy, 370 b.c. For a nar- 
rative of thia erent. c/ Xen. Bell. 



Sia Tov TreptTrXow tqv ets KepKvpau, koI aWoLS, Siv 
10 eKdiTT(ii ■JToXka Koi xaXa Kara noXepov ipya mnpaKTai • 

Hi ^rjpocrdevei, Be 8ta ri; on 8(upo8d»cos, on SetXos, on ttjp 
ra^if eXiTTC. Kal nor^pov tovtov Tt/XTjcrere, -i) u/xas au- 
T0U9 dTtp.dtTcr€ Kal Toi/'; virep vpuiu if Trj p-d.-)(rj reXcun/- 
<rai'Ta5; ovs i/opicrad opau crj^erX-ia^orrcts « ouros ore 
6 ^afbiOrjO-erat. koi yap ai/ euj Seii-ot', w dvZpc'i 'ABijvouol, 
tl TO. pa/ ^vKa Kal tovs \C6ov^ Kal rof aiS-ripov, to. 
a<j>o>va Ka.1 ayvdtpova, eac rw ipnetrojfTa airoKTeli/^, vwep- 
o/Ji^o/itf, Kal idu Tts avTov Si.a^p7}(rr}TaL, t^c X^^P"- 

SiSrTJc Towro TTpd^acrai' ;i(iDpt5 toC trfu/iaros BdvTopa/, Aij- 

The three men here nanierl are the 
three (^at Athenian generals of the 
age bctveen the Peloponnesmn War 
and [be period of Demosthenes. With 
the name of each is coupled the event 
forming liis principal claim to <]is- 

9. oXXois iSv itmirtif ktK. : inconse- 
quent. Regular would be ii^Aoii iti 
wohKk . , . ^(lya a iniiirTif, ireirpiiltToi. 

$244. 1. Aii|ia<r4/v»G£GHlTl: cf. 
§ 33- 6. Reductio ad absur- 

4. ous vo)iCiraR dpov rxtr^M^oVTat : 

dialyposia. Of. §§ 153, 157, 257. 
See on § 153 in. For the word axt- 
T>t.iiC"'' °^ inilignant proteit, c/. 
§§ 146.258; 11.154. 

5. Sv rfi) Snvo*, ktX.: for this apod, 
witli ill two prots. of different forms, 
c/. Plato Apol.2S«,iy^ Jetva in tUi' 
tlpyairfiivBs, tl tiSti /lir tufvon, rai !i 
Tdu e«iv tiIttovtoi, Klvai^i TJfV TOflV. 

Regularity of form would here re- 
quire rip.iiiiaxTf, but this is sacriSced 
lo viTidnees. See GMT. 54, 1 b. 
The two pres. general conds. intro- 
duced by iir, subord. to the main 
COnd,, ci . . . inrifiopliii^fr . . . (a) , . . 

WiTTo^ei', complicate the sent, some- 
what. SeeoD SS 158.3,241.4. 

6. fiiXa Kal \(Scvs Kal irCSripav: for 
the custom here referred to, cf. Pans. 
i. 28. 10, vi. II. 6. Dem, xxut. 76, 
Plato i*ss,BT3e. Poll.viii. \30,<pvKo- 
BamKtls, o&i tSii rb 4)irte^ii A^uxov 
iirtpopSirai. This was a natural pro- 
ceeding with a people who saw per- 
sonality in everything. 

8. n)v X'^ - ' ' Bbwth^ : suicide, 
when not justified by circum stances, 
required in the eyes of the Greeks 
purification, like any other violent 
death, and burial apart in unliallowed 
ground. Cf. Pint. Them. 22, Plato 
Le;i<!. 873 d. Arist., Eth. N. y. it. 
1-3, seems to indicate an etliical con- 
sideratioQ in this treatment. The 
state, as the injured party, takes 
cognizance of the crime. Joseph. 
BtU.^uti. iii. 8. 5, mentions the cus- 
tom nere referred to, giving the senti- 
mental reason that the hand was re- 
garded as alien to the body (KaBirif 

T*n ; " 

n of t 

„). In§2.2.ui- 

s a prerogative of 


SI. p. 81 

fi.oa-64vj)v Se, w acSpe? 'A^Tjfaiot, rov ypa^avra fih' 77)^ 
itfwvuTaTTjv efoSoi', trpohovTa Se Tous orpantiJTa?, roD- 
To*" u^el? Tifj.y]iTeT€. ovKovp vfipitfiUTai. [ih/ ol TtXeuTJj- 
5 trairre^, ddv/MOTepoi Se ot ^coitcs ■yiyvovra.i. opwcTes 7175 
dperfj^ aOXoir tov Odvarov KfCp-ivof, ttjv 5e p.vTJp,j^v eTTt- 
XaTTOinrav, Kai to pLeyiuTov, eiripojTSiatv v/xa; oE vew- 
TEpoi, T3-/J05 oTTOtof ^^p'^^ii.yp.a. aurows to^ (St'oi* 
346Trotetcr^at. e5 yap i(TTe, at dvBpe'i 'ABrjvaloi., on ov^ ai 
TraXattrrpai ouSe ret StSaiTKaXeZa ouS' ■^ /towutK^ p.6vov 8 
TratSeuei tou? ceous, aXKa. ttoXv fidWov ra Sr^/noirta. /fjj- 

§ 245i 3. irovwrniniw ; poelic, 
equiv. to fatal. Of. Soph. Track. 874, 
8('B7|m AgifUeipn T)|t ■on/rrrdTTii' Jfiav 
iirooii.r. AnI. 807. Eur. J/c. UIO.— 
vpoUvra U TSUI vrpnnwrot : for the 
same chsrgG, c/ §§ IJI i"n., 151 in. 

5. iBv\MTtpoi si rrA. : for a similar 
Btitement, c/. § i8o,^ji. 

6. |iviipiT|v /iriXitirouirav : cf. § 152 
Jin. Tbat any one eliould be willing 

to propose the crowti is taken as a 
sign that memory of Ihe dead, which 
ihoulii be aSi{«TO!,ia itself dying. Cf. 

7. T^lif-VWTOV! see on § 240.6.— 
Jin|wriM-iiV ol wtinpaL irT\.: for Aca- 
chinea' apparent anilety about the 
effect of judicial sentences upon the 
rietng generation, cf. t. iSG, rh ipfyBai 


>. TaStt 

S46. S. iroXalo-Tpai,, 8i6aa-KaX(Ia, 

(lowriKTi ; reference to the three 
bra ne lie a of Greek education, -yu- 
liyaUTinii, v/id^wiTa, /lauvinii. The lat- 
ter ia not here to be taken in its 
broad eenae of all mental training, 
coniraated with bodily {cf. Plato Sep. 

S' tir\ ij-uxp /tuirBiHi). It rather di- 
vides the mental sphere with 7p4"- 
f.oTa {cf. Arist. Pol. viii.3), though it 
always includes more than the mod- 
ern term music, notably the rhythmic 
recitation of the poets, which made 
so large an element in the Greek 
boy's eiloeation. Cf. Ar. JVh6. 065 B. 
Under ypiu/aiTa the reudiag and com- 
mitting to memory of the poeta ia 
included. See Becker, Charida, 
pp. 231 ff. Mahaffy, Greek Ed«ca- 
lion, p. 46. The locus cUissicus on the 
subject is Plato Prot. 326. 

3. dXXd iraKi imAXov ni, &i])uio-ui ; 
with tills verdict on public life aa an 
educating influence, rf. Lycurg. 10, 
«S d* XiTTe, it tipffpcT, Stl oh fiivov tovtop 
iuy aoXiirtTt KaTt^furiiinoi, dWil kdI 
Toll yfwTipoa! Ar' opeT^jB irporp/iJ'tTt. 
iia yip inTi tJ wiuttBorTa, tbbi i-^out, 

)j TE tSji iilKOttl'TliJI' Tl^Bipla Kal 4 TOtI 

ii^Spdm Toil iTaflori Jiao^.'nj Sorpeit. 
Posaibly the last words of the quot. 
may contain a friendly allusion to 
Demosthenes in the great suit then 
pending (c/. irpr^n* § 2sajin.).— 
KripvTTtral rn htV : the balancing 
of clauses is like tbat in Dem. xtlu. 


■234 AISXINOY KATA K.TH2I*nNT0S 24^348. 

pvTT€Tat Ti? if T^ Bearp^ on (m<l>avovTaL aperrji; 

5 df^pwTTOs d(r)(T}iiovo)u tw ^tw* o Se yc i^ewrepos TauT* 

iSiui' BUtjyBaprai. SiKijy Tt5 BeBatKe Troptjpo'; Koi vopva- 

j8o(rK05 cacnrep Krrjo'uftiiii' ■ ol Se ye aXXoi TrCTratSewrat. 

Ktti'aiTia Tts i/nj^KTCtjuefos 7oii' KaXwi' /cat Bi.Kato)v ewaveX- 

^lur or^aSe TTaiSetJci row utdf o Se ye eiKoTws ou 17■e^- 

10 ^erat, aXXa to vovBtTtiv evo^Xfif rjBi) SiKatoi^ 6vop,d^c- 

347Tai. ws odv p-Tf poifov KpivovT^<; aWd koX BeMpovpt- 

VOL, ovTto TTjv i//^(^of ^iptT€, cts anoKoyLupov rots vuc 

jxec ou TTapovcn Ttuv ■ 

eVepTjcro/xeVoLS Se 

v/ias Ti 

eSiKa^ere. eS yap lore, oi avhpe^ 'A^T^vaiot, OTt Totaunj 
5 So^L ij iroXts elfoi, ojTotds tis ai* ^7 o KrjpvTTop^uo^ • 
eaTi Se ofeiSo? /i^ toZ? npoyovoi.'i iipa.^ dWa Ty ^7}po- 
2i:S(r9evov'i dvavBpia vpoa-eiKa.aB-iji'ai. ttcos oSc ai' Tts r^c 
Totaur*/!' ai(r;^iJcrjv eVi^iJyoi ; c'av Toiis irpoKaTaXap^dvou- 
Tas Ta Kotfa teat ^iKavupdiita, rSm ovopdroiv, airtorows 


5. wrxni"')'*'*' '''? 

6. irovi]pdt Kill vopvoPocKo't : c/, 

5 114. 6- 

9. iraiGctiii: of the home-trHining 
nliicli the schoalinaeter never sup- 
planted. I'res. of attempted action. 
GMT. 10. 1,N, 2; H. 826. 

10. vauBiTiiv 'vox^itv : the inaioTt- 
Aeutof helps to enforce the identity 
of the Iwo things. Edncatiaa it va- 
ation would nearly reproduce the 

tion, U. a \ayis^6! (c/. § 50, 6) that 
will clear you, — toIs viv )Uv ouira- 
povn TMV ■mAiTuv : " in a case of this 
magnitude even the absent citizens 
have rights that 
entrusted to the jurors' hands 

they will one day ask how that truit 
was kept." Cf. § 8. 2 ft. 

7. irpoo-ctKafffrrjvtti; possibly there 
lurks in this a confession of the suspi- 
cion that Demosthenes was the great 
man of the generation, by whom the 
generation might in future times lie 
judged. It would have been well for 
the Athenians of that day if they 
had been able to stand that test. 

S S48> 2. wpoKaTnXa|l^dM>VTat r 
pTt-occMpi/ing, i.e. ti!oni>i>cli:ing. See on 

3, Kotvii Kill 4i'UvBpanra Tuv dwqia- 
Tav: the reference is to DeraoBthenes 
and his friends monopolizing such a 
Swot^dI (c/: §S 168 S., 


i the 

ApiiTTa rpiTTOtf, avtptiyaSta^ fte, 
often asserted in the course of 
trial to belong to Demosthenes, 
the idea that the people are ei 

AESCniNES OX THE CKOWN ;48. 249. 23 

Bt. p. 8' 

oiTttS TOi? ■^^ecTi, (jyvXa^ade. ij yap evvota kclI to ttJs 

5 hrffioKparia^ ofo^a Kelrai fLCV ev fieVo), tjtBdvova-t S' 
eir' aurd Kora.^f.vyovTt'i t^ Xoyto ai? eTn ttoXw ot toi? 

2-19epyois iT^el<rTou aTre^oiTes. oto.J' ovi' Xd^tjTe p-^ropa are- 
<}ta.viiiv Kol Ky/pvyfiaTtop iin6v[j.oiii'Ta, i-rravdryea' avTov 
(ceXeuere roc Xaryov, toawtp koI to.? jSejSatwtrets riav ktt]- 
[laTiop 6 1-0^05 KcXevei Trotettr^ai, et? yStov d^io^ptav koX 

6 rpoTTov (TOK^poua. orta Se raOra /x^ papTvpelrai, pr/ jSe- 
auTw 70VS CTraw'ou?, ffai t^5 hf)p.OKpaTta.'i ijn- 

Mjoled with mere 


n...,, r/-. 


V. .56, ,lp. ToCr 

. -iw 


-d^D« ,ar,Awo., 

Tm TiS 



S Ti T^J ffwTIJpi 


.-^' fv-i 



aZ.' T»E £f<<><iiT., 


«•, Sti 


7,.. il. ^dKif<Tll 



6, MlTot fv ^u-if. of a prize put 
np before the conieBlttnls to spur 
their zeal. For the same metaphori- 
cal use as here, r/. Dem. iv. 5, fJStr 

Emwra rit X^P^'^ iSKa rob iro\(f*ov Hti~ 
f<»a if iiiav, lien.A».\\i. 1.21, it 
fiia^ yip 4fflij Ktirai rafrra Tck i-fodii 
&&\a, AifATtpoi hv Tjfiuv &ifBpts ifxttvova 
inr, "It remains to be proved by 
acta wbo has the beet elniin to tlieie 
noble titles, and it nill probably turn 
out that those who are in Eueh hnste 
to monopolize them (_wpi>Ka'taXaixBii- 
eaerai) are siniply fleeing to them 
inBTa^tiryorTts) to hide in them their 
Btler lack of deaert." The sulijs., 
cEvoii and Sq/ianpnTfaf Sva/ia, simply 
repeat Koivii and f^i^tjrSpwira in in- 
verted order. 

e. it h\ iroXu: if. Xen. An. iii. 
I. 42, ToiTBus i,s M Ti jroXii of ir-. 
rfpi ti Kx"*^"'' ^Of 'fiB attenuHied 
meLning of in, cf. Kr. Spr. 80, 

7. inixoyrv: intr. Cf. 1. 17. Plato 

Farm. 146 b, rb ^isar iuay tS* lr)(.i- 

§ 249. 1. XoPtrrt : '■'•t'-f'- 

2. ^itavaYiLV : "bring bacli as to a 
baee of operationa." C/tg 57^11. Xen. 
Wem. iv. 6. 13, flTii ovTif irip/ rot iiri- 
A^70i fiTiBiii ^x*'' ffo^if A^eij', ^ul t))» 
viriJfffiTiv iirav^ev ttn irAero^ liti/ hAyov 
£3^ Has. A worthy life and an honor- 
able character are here poatulaled as 
indispcaaable qualities in a speaker. 
It ia a noble tilterance, but if we be- 
lieve half that the orators say of one 
another,* no speakera of the time ex- 
cept Lycurgua and Phocion had any 
Bueh i^laira to a hearing. 

3. ptpouKnit Tuv KTT|p^T«v: one 
who Buld or rented a piece of prop- 
erty was often called npon to de- 
clare publicly that he had taken the 
responsibility for the sale or renting. 
This H'as called BtStiwris. See Meier 
and Rchiimnnn, AH. Proc., pp. 720 tf. 
Aescliinea' idea is that one ahould 
scrutinize claims to pablic praise as 
rigidly B» claims to property. 

6. a-uTis: resumes tlie indef. Sry 
with emphasis and suggesta a definite 
individual lurking in the niiod of the 
speaker. — {nutOKporCas 4[Si] Euuficv- 
■yoiIoTis vjios: f/ § 6/b. 

•236 AI5XIN0Y KATA KTHSI*nNTOS 250, 25'- 

St, p. a 

2bOfitkT]0r)T£ rjBf) Stai^ei/youoTjs v/xa?. t} ov Buvov, oti to 

fih/ ^ovkevr^pLOP (cat SiJ/xos irapoparai, at S' iiriirro- 

\al Kai at Trpeir^eiai dtjuKvovvrai ets iStwTtfcas otKia;, 

ou napa tSiv Tvxovrofv dvdp(i>Tvwv aXXa irapa tuip npoi- 

5 TtvovToiu Iv TJi 'Atria icat r^ KvpwTrv) ; koI iij) ots iartv 

■ff t,, raura rtces ovk i^apvovvran. irpar- 

7iiv aXX' op.o\oyovcnv Iv ra Si^/ico, Kai ras eiriiTToXas 

aXAt/Xois TrapavayL-yptita-Kova-iv, koX vapaKeXivovrat ol 

fjifu fiXewtiv ets ra iavrwf irpoa-atrra w? ^uXaKt? r^5 

10 ByifioKpaTia";, erepoi S' atroOert Swpea? we trtDVrjpt^ t^s 

25l7rdXe(u5 oi^es- o Sc S'^/i.os ck t^s d0Vfiia<; rStv avp^€- 

^rjKQTtov aa-ntp TTapayeytjpaKoi^ tj TrayDai'oiae caXwKtos 

§ ago. 2. pDv\(vTi]pu>i> : more 
graphic than fiouX^. C/: § 246.2.— 
vopopuroi: i^ g 172. S, rspiGai' Tofii 
vd^Dvi. Bolh the senate and the ss- 
aembly are treated wit!) i^ool con- 
tempt. For the sing, witb two subje., 
aee 0. 135. 3, h. 1 ; H. 607. 

4. TBV TUXo'vTfflw ; ordinary people. 
Of. ii. S, M* l"^'"' «'! i^'Htpoi- eS-l^, 
aXKi. ical di ri tuxJv. DeiD. XVIII, 
iSo, fipua rir tuxi^fto. lnoit, X, 21, 
cl d laSrra «(nifat iTj ^f tu* TujfiJjTiiri' 
aA\i ^)i TMi' irD\i tiiKyK6rTav. — vpu- 
■wuo'ln'tn' /v Tfl 'Airff Kai Tfl Evpiiiri] : 
Ue moat hen ea had becii in correepond- 
enL'e not only wtlli Agia (see on §165, 
4], but also nitb Memnon and the 
Pfrsian a a traps. 

fl. li hiila BdvaTOS : cf. Plato Pi-ot. 
326 b, i^' 4 V Clflc 6dra.Tai, Jc, ^ fic Tit 
ri<fi(»v.~-ow jfapvavvnu . . . dXX' d|ui- 
X<r>foiMrtv: su tliat tLe case needs no 
diacuBsion, C/. § 175 t". For a simi- 
lar redandancv, c/. Eii, Joh, i, 20, lul 
ilfi.a^i^p|<Ttl' Kai oiK ^pi^aoTO, Kol ifto- 

7. rdc jiruTToXat irafmva'yiYViw-aau- 
(nvr y, g 164.6. The pi, concedes 

thftt others beaidea Demoethenes were 
carrying on this illegal eorrespon' 
dence with foreign patents tea, 

8, ol fir : after the verb, as if pre- 
paring the way for oi S' iaaroii Suptii 
Sii6iiai, which IB rejected for a more 
independent Conat,, (rtpoi S' airauri, 
co-ord, with napaufKiiorriu. See on 

§251. 2. 


irapa-ytYTipaKHt : 
roll. 11. 10, ae one of the Kn/uhi Buin- 
liara. One Cannot help thinking of 
the figure of Demus in Ar. Ey.. which 
prob. lay in the mind of the speaker. 
— irofavolcK JoXukdi : cf, § 156. 3. 
Suite against old men supposed to be 
in their dotage were doubtleu often 
brought at Athene by impalient heirs; 
but the famous cnae of Sophocles 
( n. Aaon., Weetermann, lines 65 ff.) 
lying presumably in the sphere of 
Aeechinea' traditions, may have sug- 
gested this comparison. These strong 
pbraees suggest a later addition here. 
■npimatx was, to be sure, not excluded 
from the courts, as, according to the 
complaint of Demosthenes {ix, 3), it 
had been from the juvAqala. But in 


et. p. a 

avTo fiovov Tovuofia ■nj'i hrjfiOKpaTLa^ TrepLtroieiTat, rwu 
8' ipyoiv erepoi?,Kf.^(!>py)K€v. eireir' diTtp)(£a-6€ ck 

5 tSju iKKKrjtTiiiiv ov povXevira.p.ei'OL, aXX (iKnr^p ck tSc 
\52ipdvo}v, TO. vepiovra vupdp.o'oi.. on S' ov Xijpai, ckci- 

^ev Tov Xoyov deapTJiraTe. iyiv^To Ti?, ci^6op,ai Se iro\- 
XaKts ptfj.vtjp.o'Qq, aTv^La. t^ ttoXci. IvTavd" dvT)p iSiw- 
TTjS e/CTrXeif /iaoj'OI' eis 'Xdp.ov eTrt^etpT^cras ois TrpoSon^^ 

6 T^s Trarpt'Sos avBr/ficpov i/vo rtj^ e'^ 'Apeiov irdyov jSou- 

g 252. 1. «K»Sfl»v: from this pnini 
cm. Seooti § 163 III. 

2. tIs KTuxfat Ihe reference to 
Chaeronca i» eupliemtBlic in its indefi- 
nittncES. — £x^l*" W toXXokli irT\.: 
Bervea not only as a rpotiipSairis {ef. 
Lys. nil. 43, iriSifUu ira/ii/iriiiritvr rai 

y^tfTljpJ, but also as a reproach of the 
guilty cttuse oE the diEdsler. Cf. Ly- 

Curg. 16, ie'ojuai J* £/ialv ixouiiat iiou, rbI 
fi)) Ix'"'^^' ^^* ipiufiai iith TSt T$ 
tJX(i Tifrf cri'^ijftivTaii', AUii Tori aiVIoit 
ipySifirffu Kttl Bi" oti ii/ayiti(iitim. rvr 

3. dv))p tGiiin]s: this u generally 
understood to be Autolycus men- 
tioned in Lycurg. jz. But he wm 
sentenced not by the Areopagus, but 
by an ordinary Heliastic court. Cf. 
ibid., biitit KOTf^piiraaet. In the 
snme conaection T.ycurgus speaka of 
the Areopagus aa having condemned 
many men to death a,fler Chaeronea, 
on the charge of cownrdice: and 
a shudder runs through his audi- 
ence at the mention of thia sever- 
ity. Furtliermore, Autolycus ia only 
charged with having conveyed away 
his wife and children, while it ii 
recorded to his credit that he liim- 
aelf stayed and faced the peril like 
a man {/uiraytos butov ly tbU icifid- 

addressing a jury even Demoslhcnca 
often apologizes for saying aomeihing 
severe of the Sij^as. Cf. Dem. lut. 
217, ^7^1 Hi ^piga, (ifiw Si u-nSiv 
Sx9«r9al *«n Kiy""! ToAijfl^. That 
Aeichinea, who is usually more sub- 
servient to the jury, should score 
them, as a portion of the Sn/ios, 
without an apology is striking. But 
after defeat and in exile he might 
naturally do it. 

4. iropoKfX-fuJMv:'/- S sJ'"- 

5. olmtp in TBV (pdviiv: the Ipamis 
was a very modest repast. Cf, Horn, 
Od. i. 276, i-wi\ <iJ« ^p^oi riSi y' lar! 
(cODtraeted with tiXawivTi, banquet). 
Its characteristic feature was that it 
was supplied by contribution a, like 
our picnic. Cf. {p<>yi(uy, § 45. 0. 

6. Tit wtfMifvTa niiuifuvoi •■ afler dis- 
triballng the leavings antoiii/ i/ourselves, 
Biass (III. z. p. 196) censures this 
phrase as obscure, leeing in it a pos- 
sible reference to the distribution of 
the Theoric fund. But in this con- 
nection such a reference seems im- 
poBsible. The meaning can only be 
that the orators, like young and push- 
ing heirs taking the inheritance, have 
arrogated to themselves all the power, 
while the J^^oi is left to content itself 
with names and forms, as the dispose 
aeased dotards enjoy the crumbs given 


AJ2XINOY KATA KTH51*nNT0S 352-254 

X^S i^7]fn,to07}. erepo^ S' e*cjrXeiitras eis 'PoSi 
ort Toi- i^ofiov dtjdvhpos -ijveyKe, Ttpa-qv ficv iroTC eurrjy* 

SoS-yA^T/ • et 8e /it'a 1/1^1^05 jieTeTTtcrev, virepfapia-T ay. dvri- 
OSip-cu Br) TO iTJvt ■yiyi'd^H'oi'. ctK^p pi^rmp, 6 TiavTdiV 
Tii>u KaKf^u arrtos, eXnre /xev r^y airo OTpaTOTreBov rd^w, 
dneSpa S' etc ttJs JroXew? • ouros oret^ai'ouo-^at aftoi ictu 
5 icr}pvrTe(T0ai oterai Seu*. oujc aTroir^pxjftaG^ TOf dvOpoy 
vov ttjs KOtvTji' TQJf 'EXXtj^oji' OTjp^opdv ; r} trvWa^ovre'i ai<; 
Xptrnjv Twc iTpaynariof, eir ovopaTijjv oio. ttJ'; TroXireias 

254 n"Xeoi'7a, Tip^oiprjatuOt ; koX tov Katpoi/ €Vt/xi^tr?7^TC ev 


6. (Ttpos ; Leocrates, whom Ljcur- 
gu8 hnd tried to uonvict ouly a few 
monlliE before. The exlant speech 
of Lycurgus is a text-book of Athe- 
nian patriotism. 

Philip's atlatk on Athens, — irp^'i|v: 
€/. § 242. 5. — (Unin'''fti : ace on § 3, 
9. It is to be remarked, boweyer, 
that aft«r the people bad inveatig-aled 
a case referred to tlieni, they might, 
and this was the usual procedure, re- 
fer it to a HeliaBtic court for declBion. 
See Schomann, I. p. 395. Busolt in 
Mailer's Hundbuch der Mtertuaisais- 
seasciaji, IV. p. 187. Such was the 
procedure in this caee. Xycurgus' 
oration was addressed to a jury. 

8. it a |Lta <|nii^ juWiru'iv : It 
must have been a tie vole. See Meier 
and Sehumann, Alt. Froc., p. 038. — 
(SnpMfHffTo: c/. S§ IJI-J^"'. 34^Ji"- 
Here the word seems to mean more 
than mere banislitnent. See on §. 131 
^n. The speaker sccma to imply, 
what was of course far from being 
the case, Ihat in the event of convic- 
tion the penalty of a traitor's death 
proposed by Lycorgus would cer- 
tainly have been adopted by the jury. 
C/. Hyperid. Z^c. 16, nn-Junion-i oS 

wipi enrira 

nrpISi ■ 

HI. Xen. Hell. i. 7 


§ 368. 3. oviip ^TUfi! opp. to iir^ip 
iiui-nis above. Aeschtnes represents 
the fi^iTopt! as having arro(;ated b 
themselves all the power in the state. 
("/■ §5 3. 4- 

3. {\i-ni Tiiv To^W : see on I 175 in 

4. oTT^Gpa ^K -njs iroXiBi ; cf, § 159, 

6, iiromV+ttrei; see On % 235. * 
For the asyndeton, see ou § 235, 

6. KOLvi^v rov 'EXXifni* im|i^afMui : 

»/: s I3I. ». 

7. ^]j(m)v TM' irpaYiutTuv : a jiirait, 

pregiiii/ upon tie rights n/the atali. Cf, 
Soph. O. T. 635, An<rTJ)i iyapflii 
iH^! Tvparrlaos. The a^pints ol the 
speaker carries him inla bold n 
pliors Cseeon§ai2.B). He repeats la 
this sent, the substance of § 248, bnt 
how much more piaturesgue is (hi 
suggestion of a bold pirate sailing 01 
names through the republic, and pil- 
laging its affairs 1 

S 2S4. 1. Tov Kupdy: " this c 
cal time." See on | 132.0. 



St. p. 89. 

^ Trjv ^(l)OV (f>€per€. rjiiepcov fikv okiytav /xeXXct ra IIv- 
^ta yiyv^cdai /cdl to (Twihpiov to tS)v ^^Wrjvcav (TvWi- 
y€a0€U • SLaJScjSXyjTaL 8* 17 ttoXi? c/c tcjv Arjfioo'dQ/ovs 

6 7ro\iT€viiaT(t}v irepl Toifs vuvl Kaipovs' So^ere 8', iai/ 
yuev TOVTOV (rT€(f}ap(o(rr)T€, oyioyvmyiov^s, eu/ai toZ^ irapa- 90 
fiaivovai trjv KOLvfjv eiprjvrjv, iav 8c TowavTiov tovtov 
Trpd^T€y dirokvo'ere TOP hrjfiov tSiv alTi&v, 
55 M^ ovv a»9 ttc/oI dXXor/ota?, aXX* (09 vTrep ot/ceta? 

rq^ TToXcoi? jSovXcvccr^c, Kal ra? (f)iKoTi[XLa<s firj P€fi€T€ 
dXXa KpCv€T€y Koi TOLS Soi/oca? ct9 jSeXrto) (rco/Liara Kal di/- 
8/9a9 d^Lo\oy(OT€povs diroOeaO^y koX [irj p^ovov toI^ ojcrlv 

6 dXXd Kal Tot9 opixacL 8iaj8Xei/fai/r€9 et? v/xd9 avrov? )8ov- 
Xcvcracr^e, tu/€s vyimv eicLv oi fioridijaovTe^ AT^/xocr^cVct, 

2. liAXci Tcl IlvOia ^("yvccrOcu : the 
Fythia were held about September, 
in the third year of each Olympiad. 
The assembled delegates would be 
called upon to pronounce judg- 
ment upon the plotters of the Fel- 
oponnesian revolt. See Introd. 

5. irtpl TOiSs vuvl Kcupovs : in connec- 
tion with the present troublous times. 
The idea of danger is easily asso- 
ciated with Kaip6s. Cf. Lycurg. 36, 
iy ols Si Koupoh Koi ri\lKots kiMpois 
T^p w6\iv odirav AecoKpdriis irpoBeHooKeyf 
itpufiv^ffai 6fjMs fio^\ofiat. The point 
made in § 254 is one of the most im- 
portant in the oration. It was a dar- 
ing thing to crown the enemy of Alex- 
ander then. The words of Aeschines 
convey a threat. See Introd. § 2^ Jin. 
The prayer with which Demosthenes 
closes his oration, iifiiv 8i roTs XoaroTs 
T^p raxiff^v iiroAActT^F rap itrriprri' 
fUpttp ^ficop 8((t€ koX ffwrriptap iL<r<f>a\^, 
shows with what terrors the atmos- 
phere was surcharged. 

§ 255* 1. aXXoTpCas. . . . oIkcCos: 

cf. § 78. 4. 

2. <^i\ori)jiCas : honors. 0/! § 45. 7. 
" The proper function of the court is 
not to distribute favors, but to judge 

3. o-tt|U&ra : c/*. § 78. 4 ; i. 77, vtpl 
rod (T^fiaros Sffris *A07ivaios 6vr(os iarl. 
These passages show how far adfiara 
is from bearing in itself any con- 
temptuous meaning. Yet it is a con- 
venient word for leading up to the 
disparaging remarks which follow. 

4. diroOccrOc: defer, reserve. Cf 
Dinarch. i. 30, els toIov yhp Kaiphv 
hvoeiiffiffBe ; Lys. Frag. 31. 3 (Bek- 
ker), ovK els rohs -iraibas &vorl0€vrai rtis 
rifiaplas, &XX* ahrohs KaKas diroXAi^ovcn. 

5. SiapXf'^lravTcs : note the force of 
prep., sharply. "This is a case for 
sharp use of your ei/es. Do not take 
your estimate of Demosthenes from 
his talk." Note the zeugma. — cts vftds 
avrovs : const, with Biafi\^avr€s. " A 
review of your own fellow- jurors will 
open your eyes to the nature of De- 



TTOT€pov 01 fTvyKVPffyerai r) oi crvyYVf/.vaa-Tai avrov, ot 

■ijv iu r/XiKLq.. dKka ^a Tov Aia rov 'OXv^ttiop ovx vs 

aypiovi KvvfjyeTSiV ouSe ttJs roO crtu^aTos eueft'as eVt- 

10 ficXofievo^, dW Inau-Kotp re'^^i'as eirl rous to? outrias 

356 Kejcnj/itVow? Sta-ycyei^rat . . . aW tt? T^f aXa^ovetav 

moathenes' frienJs." A bold iittempt 
to diride tlio jury. 

7. o-i)Yyu)tvwrTBl ; an gymnnelic 
training for Atiienian foath, see on 
§ 246 in. ; as en important element 
in true manlineBS, cf. Ar. San. 727 H., 

uul ff^rppoi*as &vSpa5 Rtrras Ka\ Vilcaiovs 
Kill Kottois If xiyaSuis, Hal Tpa^wai 
ir imXufsTpais Hul X^P"'' ''«! naaaui^. 
Xen. Zilep. J/A. i. 13, ujarks it as one 
of llie Bigiis of tlie deep degeneration 
of the times, tbaC g^mnaBlic training 
hat fallen into disuse. 

8. lit tLyp'out KuvTifcngv : liunting 
was a favorite amusement with the 
Greeks from Mel eager down. C/. 
Xen. Fjji. i, 1, ri (Bpij^ fffmr, B^pai 
JtaJ aiffS. Ihid. iS, iyii Ttafiaii'u Tois 
rials /til KuTaippai-fir Kuynytaltii' /t,TtSi 

9. TOV rufMiTot (vc^faK : cf. 1. iSg, 
T061 yuiivaCo/iiraus lis rij ihiJIos airSi' 
iTai3\t'irovT» 7171^1111 nfiei-. Tradition 
pointa to Iiodilj infirmitj' in Demoe- 
thenea. Cf. Liban.I7(, Dem. (Weater- 
mann, lines 29 ff.), iaStriis rf tnijiaTi 
Kai ifQir^Sitr, &irTf /aiZ' tli raAalarptiif 
^DiT^iTai, Kodiiircj] irivTts ol tuv 'A^n- 
yaimr mrSi! I'Mcaar. With this coin- 
cide the sneers of Aesciiioes. Cf. par- 
Uculsj-ly the famous Batalua sneer, 
II, 99. The Vaticao statue (see on 
S 207. 5) with pinched features, 
narrow chest, and conspicuous lack 

of embonpoint, is strongly corrobora- 
tive. Finally in the epitaph written 
by liiniBclf, ftiriji r<n|v fiw/itir ytiiiijlt 

fp(tt 'Apm KakiSiiv, Plut, Dem. 30, 
one miglit be tempted to see a con- 
feaaion to the same purport. 

10. iinuTKav T^x'"'* "tA. : refer- 
ence to tlie trouble of Demostlienei 
with his gaardians (cf. 11. 99, and Be« 
on § 173, 2), or to his macliitiationi 
in connection with his trierarchic law. 
See on § 212 in. Fur a charge of 
still mors disreputable practices in 
the same line, with apedllcatiODs, e/. 
I. 17011. 

11. Sui'Y'Y'viitiu : his lived through, 
i.e. conliniiouKli/, Cf, i. 24, ri -r^pai, itt 
i ttJiirrts i^ifiiLfSa, fit Ipa Siayttiifi.eea. 

§ S56. 1. See App. — Aatrnfav: 

2. Bi^avrUivi i{(Xiir4ai: .;/'. Dcm. 
:cviii. 87 S. For a treatment of llu». 
topic niueh lesa creditable to Demo*- 
thenes,<y:Plut,PW. 14. SeeSpengel, 

Verllieiitigang da Sieii'iihon, pp. 29 S. 

3. ATowTijiriu 'AKapvavus : ife on 
§ 97. 7. The natural place for tbil 
mention would be Dcin. xtih. 
wlierc Leucadians and Corcyraesns 
are mentioned in a catalogue of the 
peoples whom Dem ost hones arrayed 
on the aiile of Athens in the campaign 
of Cliaeronea. Tor the form of 
presaion. -y; § 167.6. 



St. p. 90. 

TrX-^^at 8^ 0iyj8aibv9 hTnirjyoprjo'a^ • olerai yap v/jlols ct9 

6 TOfrovTov evrjOeia^ 7J8r) Trpo/Se/SriKeuaL alore kol ravra 

avaTT^KrOrjO'ea'd ai^ ojcnep ITct^o) rp€(f)0VTas dXK* ov ov- 

2&7 KOifxivrriv avOpcairov iv rg ttoXci. orav S* inl Tekevrrj^ 

rjBrj Tov Xoyov (ruvriyopov^ Toij^ kolvcjvov^ T(ov hojpoSo- 

KrjiidTtov avTca irapaKoKyy inroXafijSdpere opav em tov 

• Prifiwro^^ ov vvv ccrny fca>5 cya> Xeyco, az/TtTra/oareTay/xc- 

5 vov^ irpo^ Tfjv TovTCJV daeKyeiap tov^ rrs iroXeco^; evep- 

yera9, SoXcoi/a /lep tov KaXXtcrrot? voyioi^i KocTfirja'avTa 

rrjp hrjfioKpaTtoLVy a'(o<f>p6v(o^ heofxevov vfxcov p/riSevl Tpo- 

TTO) Tov^ Ariiioo-0€vov<; koyov^ irepl irXeCovos Trovrjo'aa'O ai 

258x0)1^ opKtav koX tS)v vofxcov, ^ KpiaTeihriv Se tov rov9 <f>6- 

povs Td^avTa rot? ^EXXt^o-iv, ov reXevrTjcrcu/ro? ra? 6vya- 

4. licirXi{Eai 8i|PaCovs : cf. Dem. 
xviii. 211 ff. See on § 145. 5. 

6. «fcnrf p IIciOm rp^^vros : if they 
believed these three stories they must 
believe this. Feitho is the goddess 
who turns the hearts of men. Cf. 
Sappho, i. 18 (Bergk), riva SryJre Tlii- 
$€0 /juus ^'piv is ahv 0tX(^raTa. Hdt. 
viii. Ill, wpoiax^f^^^^^ SefiiaroKK^os \6- 
yov r6vliff as fJKoiep *A$riva7oi vepl Icdv- 
Tohs ?x***^** ^^** Beohs fieyd\ovSi UeiBca 
re Kol 'AvayKairiv. Isocr. xv. 249, r^y 
H^M itiav rSov Beau vofii(ov(nv elvai, 
KcA rijy Tr6Kiv Spwri Kaff* %Kaarov rhv 
iviavrhv 0v<riav avr^ voiovfieuriv. Per- 
haps this yearly offering suggested 
rp4<peiv which is here used maliciously, 
suggesting that Demosthenes lived at 
the expense of the state. The sug- 
gestion of this comparison seems, 
however, to have come mainly from 
Eupolis, who in his comedy A^fioi, 
spoke of llciBdo as sitting on the lips 
of Pericles {•KfiB<a ns i-KCKdBiC^v ivl 
roTs x«^eo'«i', Eupolis, Frag. 94, Kock ; 
cf. Plato, Phaed, 91c). The insinua- 

tion, then, is that Demosthenes is 
trying to ape Pericles. 

§§ 257-259. The natural perora- 
tion. This passage has been justly 
much admired. Lord Brougham 
says, ' So fine a peroration is perhaps 
not in any language to be found.' 
Works, VII. p. 184. 

§257* 3. viroXafiPdvcrc opdv: see 
on § 153 in. 

4. Prifjiaros: see on § 207 Jin. — 
dvniraparcra'yiic'vovs : drawn tip in 
line, as if to do battle. Cf. § i. 1, 
irapdra^iy. 1. 1 76, vfi^repov 5' ilpyov iar) 
vphs ravra ^vrireTdxBai. 

6. SoXttva: see on § 2. 4. 

7. cro»<|»pov<os : opp. to the atreKyriav 
of Demosthenes' clique. 

§ 258* 1. 'Apio-rcCSriv tov rovs <to- 
povs Tofavra: the establishment of 
the Confederacy of Delos was effected 
largely through the confidence which 
the Greeks felt in Aristides' honesty. 
Cf Plut. An'st. 24. Dem. xxiii. 209. 

2. 01J TcXivrrjfftivTos rds 6vyaTeptt« 


Tipa<i i^ihtuKtv 6 S^/ios, fj^erXta^oiTa ivl t^ t^s Si»cato- 
(TvvT}^ TTpoTTJ)\a.KiiTfi.<u, Kox i7r£po)Tii)vTa £t ovK ala^vviai 
6 €1 ol fi^f irarept^ Vfiuu ' Ap6p.i.ov tov ZeXetViji' wro^icrawa 
ets TTjv 'EXXciSa to €k Mj^Sw^ ^pvfrlov, iTTiByjpijaain-a ets 
Tf}V TToXii/, irpo^fvov ovra tov Sijpov tot) ' ABy^vaicoi', Trap' 
ovSkv fiev ^\$ov dn'OKTtii'ai, i^eK-qpv^an S' etc rijs iro- 
Xe((>9 Kai ef dij-aiTT^s ^? 'A^ijvatoi a.p-)(ova-i,v, ujuei? 
2a9A-r}p.O(T6epTjv, ov KOjiiuavTa to e« Mt/Soii' ^(pva-tov aXKa. 

BoipoBoK-quai'Ta KoI €TL KOI fUV K€KTr)p€VOV, )(pV(T^ OT€- 

jfi'SuKvo fi'niiO!; this proof of probity 
is more important to tho sptuker than 
•p4paus rdiaina. Ilic snmG theme ia 
enlarged upon, I'lut. Aiial. 27, ril^t 

^v!" irriipia KinaXtirirTi. Id, 6, iviip 
^h-ns <c»l SufiOTinii ^KT^ffOTfl tV BaoiXi- 
i€vrdT7iif Kol BtioTiiTiji' vpoaTiyopiaif rii* 
AUami'. Nep. A'ist. 3. The reporta 
of hill extreme porerly, which one 
ficila in late writers, are liaj-dly con- 
sistent nith the fact tlmt he is al- 
nafe mentiooed as a repreeentaliTe uf 
the ftriatoeraoj. For a more nearly 
contemporary testimonial to his prob- 
ity, cf, Eupolis, A^iKii Frag. 01 
(Eock}, NIKIA3. irut yiip iyiyov Sf- 
xaini; AP13T. ^ fiiv pixa ri iiiynrTim 
if, (wcira Si xiyii vpoSiium Tp fiati. 

3. oTterXtotovTii : see on § 244. 4. 

4. irfHiin|XaKurp^ : cf. Dem, xviii, 
12, To associate JuEtice with De- 
moatlienes ia in the speaker's view 
to throw her in the mire. 

6. i( atiriLTCptt iit:^.: see on § I5S. 3, 
179, r'n- — "Apflniov: Arllimius from 
Zelea in the Trond was at the time of 
Xerxes' invasion a temporary resi- 
dent (friETi^AaiifTii) of Athena and 
had formerly been honored by an 
appointment as Atlicnian proxenlis. 
He waa, however, delected in con- 

veying money from Xeries I 
Spartans for purposes of briberj. 
He waa declared an ontlaw c 
motion of Themistocles, Cf. Plut 
ThtHi. 6. The decree mauribed OB 
a column waa set up on the AcrnpoU* 
to make the case an everlasting ex- 
ample. The orators make it a stoc^ 
iilustration of patriotism. Cf. Tieta. 
i\. 41-45; XIX. 271. Dinarch. t 

7. *ap' avGtv iJXBov : one degrea 
stronger than rap' fKix-^Tor ^XH. 
(Thoe, viii. 76. 4), starting wit! 
fuKpiv. Lit. came within nalhing 
of killing him. Eog.carne a-'itki 
Id nothing, etc. Why they did m 
him, none of the writers any. 
haps they failed to catch him. 
vpa^ttla did not render hia peraolt' 
inviolalile, tor the proclamation ii 
mediately issued offered immonity 
any one who killed him or any mei 
her of his family. Cf Dem. a. 44, 
KaBap^f T^¥ To^iiip Tifk Aitokt 

9. j£ iiirti(ri]s ^S 'A(h]vaCai fipXOB' 
<riv: (/. Dinarch. 11.25, "Apfl^Mo* toX^ 
Hior clmi mi Simav wal rS,y (ruptiix"* 

§ Sa9, I. ov KO|iCiravTa dXXi: tli« 
point of the contrast seems to I 
" not CBTioei/ing i*( as Arlhmiua did, b 
taking it as a bribe, and atill holdini 


(fidpqi fiekXere <jT€i^avovv. (^efiurroKXia Se koI tous €c 
Mapado>vi TtXevr^aavTai; fcai tous n* nXaratais (cat 
5 avroi^s Tovs rdtjiov^ tous twc Trpoyovotv ovk oie<r0e orc- 
ud^ew, et 6 fieTo. Ttav ^ap^dpoiv OfioXoySiv tois EXXi^o"ti' 
duTiTrpdrreii' oret^ai'tofj^treTat; 
260 'E-yw pep odv, & yrj koI t]\l€ Kal aperr/ *cat truvetrix 

Kal iraiSeta, -g ^i.ay\.yv(! to. koKo. Kai ra al<r^pd, 
^e^Q-qB-qKo. Kal etpTjKa. koI el p-hi xaXws Kal d^Liu'; rov 


3. |u'U(T( a-n^oMovv : see Introd. 
§24,notc*8. — et(i,MjTOKX«'o; tomplet- 
ing the trio prominent in the reuiuli 
history of Athens, who call for a 
higher flight of oratory tban 
more recent trio of S 243. 

4. MapaSuvi koI nXarctLalf: 


□iDBt (langerous lliglit, which coulJ 
jiutifj itself to the audieocc only 
if they believed that Aescliinee really 
thought Demosthenei aa had as he 
chose to repreaent him. (y. Webster's 
'The very walls will cry out in its 
Bitpport.' That Deniostlienes also 
mentions (ivin. 208) • the public 
tombs' seems to show that he had 
this passage distinctly in mind when 
he shaped that part of liis reply. 

6. Tots "^UinfTiv: identification of 
Maeedoninne with Greeks. See In- 
trod. S 2fl. 

§260. Unnatural and mti/icial pei-o- 

In the judgment of lODst critics, 
this final section ruins the true per- 
oration. Lord Brougham calls it 'a 
total failure -~ one oE the most re- 
markable in the history of rhetoric' 
Wo'-ta, VII. p. 185. It cannot be 
claimed that the Attic orator was 
bound by any cuatom to tone down 

an oration by some commonplace 
passage at the end. Demosthenei 
acknowledged no mch law. For 
even if ill. and iv. conform to such 
a, requirement, v. and vi. close in 
full night. DemoHthenes' reply be- 
fore the same jury sustains itself to 
the very last word. Blass' judgment 
(III. 2, p. IBS) is 'that tlie heroic 
mask of the patriot fitted Aeschinea 
so badly, however carefully he had 
adjusted it, and however carefully he 
had kept it in place up to this point, 
tLat now it dropped and the actor 
was revealed.' 

_ 1. i-yn: see on § (37. 3. -^w Kal 
eLp<ti] ical irvvtm KalinuScLa: when 
AeachineB has left the beaten track 
of oaths at ))Xit, one feels that he is 
wandering, and wonders where he 
will come out. At last he seems to 
stumble upon TtaiSila, about nhlch 
he had an unfortunate propensity to 
boast. See on § 117. 5.^o-»wirw: . 
this word reminds one of Euripides' 
new goddess aivfffis, Ar. Baa. 893. 
The speaker will suggest that iptri, 
a-irtais, and *a(Sc!a, are offended St 
the honor proposed for Demosthenes. 
For the censure bestowed by De- 
mosthenes on this oath, cf. Dein. 

3. Kol tt piv KoXus ktK. \ had the 
oration closed without the following 



St. p. 90. 

8ccoTC/)a)9, C09 ihvvdfJLrjv. vfiels 8c /cat ck rail/ clprjfiivoK/ 
\6ycDV Kol CK Ta>i/ wapakekeifiiJLei/aiv avTol tcl Sc/cata /cal 
ra avii^ipovra vnep rfj^ TroXecjs \jni(f)[a'aa'0€. 

bathos, the effect of the oath would 
not have been so damaging. 

6. ^K rwv iropoXcXcimiVvttV : it suits 
the orators to indicate a f uhiess of un- 
used material. Cf. Lys. xiv. 47, ^fieTs 
oZv Kctl T^ €l(n\fi4va koX rk wapaKeXei/j.- 
fx4ya ityaXoyurdfievoi, wo\h fia\\ov avTov 
KaTa^^<raa$€, Id, xxxi. 34, iKavd /jloi 
vo/xlCo» up^aBatf Kalroi iroAAcC yt ttapaXi' 

abrohs rh trvfijip4povTa r^ ir^et yv^ff^' 
ffOai. Aeschines in particular affected 
this fuhiess. Cf, §§ 53 in., 203. That 
he had not said all that he wanted to 
say, and that he had deep thoughts 
reserved because the Athenians were 
not able to bear them, is, however, a 
very unreasonable supposition. 




There are many manuscripts of Aeschines extant ; and although few 
of them date back of the 15th century, they are judged by good authori- 
ties to afford a reasonably satisfactory text. Many of these contain 
other matter besides the orations of Aeschines, and many do not contain 
all of the orations. Schultz describes 27 of these Mss. in his preface, 
pp. XXII. ff. The following is an abridged description of a few of the 
best in his list. The designation by letters is that introduced by Bekker. 

I. (e) Venice, Library of St. Mark's, append, class. 8, cod. 4 : parch- 
ment, of 209 leaves of square form. It contains, besides Aesch. u. and 
III., Demosthenes' Philippics and On the Crown, 

(k) Paris, National Library, 2998: cotton paper (bombycina) folio, 
of the 14th or 13th century, of 389 somewhat small leaves, spotted and 
worm-eaten. It contains, besides Aesch. iii., Dem. xix. and some other 
matter. It has also scholia in various places. 

(1) Paris, National Library, 3002 : linen paper (chartacea) folio, of 
the 15th or 16th century. It contains the three orations and twelve 
spurious letters of Aesch. and some other matter. 

(h) Paris, National Library, 2947 : linen paper folio, of the 15th cen- 
tury. It contains the three orations of Aesch., with a life of the orator 
and Libanius' introduction to Dem. xix. 

It is now customary (after the example of Weidner) to designate the 
first three of these Mss. (e, k, 1) by A. With these, which are near 
enough related to constitute a family, h is closely allied, particularly in 
in., from § 112 to the end. 

n. (a) Rome, Library of the Cloister of San Agostino (Bibliotheca 
Angelica), class. 3, 11 : cotton or linen paper, of very large size. It con- 
tains, besides the three orations of Aesch., 36 orations of Aristides. 
Scholia are given only in the first part of i. 

(g) Paris, National Library, 2930 : linen paper folio, of the 15th cen- 
tury. It contains, besides the three orations of Aesch., with very full 
marginal scholia, several orations of Isocrates. 


^^^H (m) Paris, National Library, 3003: linen paper folio, of the 15th cen- 

^^^H tury or later. It contains, besldea the three orations of Aesch,, with 

^^^H scholia as far as uj. 19, and the twelve letters, two lives of the orator 

^^^H (that of Apollonius and the Anonymous life) and introductions to each 

^^^^^ of the orationa. 

^^^H (a) Paris, National Library, SOOl ; parchment folio, of the 16th centiu-y. 

^^^H It contains Aesch. ni., with an introduction, and Dem. zvni. 

^^^H This group of Mss. (a, g, m, □), also closely related, is now designated 

^^^f by B. Other Mss. seem nearly related to B, notably two : — 

^^H (b) Rome, fiarberini Library, 263 : of 304 leaves of squnre form, of 

' which 66 are parchment, the rest haen paper, written by four different 

hands. It contains much besides Aesch. Bekker read through i., and, 

noticing the resemblance to (a), omitted the rest, It belongs to the 

15th or 16th century. 

(p) Helraatadiensia, now in Wolfenbiittel, enthusiastically admired by 

Eeiake, a beautiful and clear parchment Ms. of the 15th century, to which 

ithe scribe has appended his name, TtiupyuK ytypaijitv b ^(pviroKOKinfi. It 
contains the three orations and twelve epistles of Aeach. and some other 
Another Mss. (f or F), Library at St. German (Bibliotheca Coialin- 
iana), 249, deserves meution on account of its supposed greater age. It 
is a parchment Ms. of the 10th century. It contains the three ora- 
tions of Aesch., with scholia, the epbtles, introductions, and life of the 
There has been much difference of opinion as to the relative value of 
A and B. Bekker gave the palm to A, but most editors and critioa 
have till recently inclined to B (Franlie, Schultz, Baiter and Sauppe), 
Cobet, Weidner, and the younger generation of critics have in general 
gone back to Bekker's preference. 
A fragment of papyrus recently discovered in Fayum, in Egypt, con- 
taining Aesch. III. 178-186 in uncial letters, representing apparently a 
text of the Alexandrian period, is a most valuable criterion in this mat- 
ter. This fragment not only gives us a guarantee for the general trust- 
worthiness of the Mas., which are all so much later, but shows the greater 
faithfulness of A to the Alexandrian teit. See Hartel, Ueber die Grie- 
chitiAm Papyri Erzherzog Rainer, Vienna, 1886. 


Omloret Oraeci. J. J. Reiste. Leipzig, 1770-75. 12 vols, This was a, 
great work for the time. It includes the commentaries and critics 


of Wolf, Taylor, and Markland, and is equipped with indexes. Isocrates 
is not included in it. 

OrcUores Auici et quos sic vocant Sophistae. G. S. Dohson, London, 
1828. 16 vols. A Latin translation forms part of the work. 

Oratores AtHci ex recensione Immanuelis Bekkeri, Berlin, 1823-24. 
5 vols. Oxford, 1823-28. 10 vols. This is accompanied by critical 
notes and indexes, and like everything of Bekker's is still valuable. 

Oratores Attici. Recensuerunt aique adnotationes criticas addiderunt 
/. G. Baiter et H. Sauppe, Zurich, 1839-50. A quarto of somewhat 
less than 1500 pages, in 2 parts. Part 1st contains the text, with 
critical notes, Part 2d fragments, scholia, and an index of names. 
This, often bound in a single volume, is the most serviceable and most 
widely used of all the editions. It may be looked upon as the text us 

Oratores Attici, C. Mvller. Didot. Paris, 1846-47. 2 vols. This is 
the text of the preceding edit., omitting Demosthenes, with the addition 
of a Latin translation revised by the editor. 

Of critical editions of Aeschines the following may be mentioned : — 

Aeschinis Orationes, W, Dindorf, Leipzig, 1824. 

Aeschinis Orationes, F, Franke, 2d edit. Leipzig, 1860. 

Aeschinis Orationes e codicibus partim nunc primum excussis edidit, scholia 
ex parte inedita adjecit F, Schultz, Leipzig, 1865. This is in many re- 
spects the best edition of Aeschines. The account of the Mss. in the 
preface is very full and satisfactory. The different readings are given 
with a fulness and accuracy not fovmd in either Weidner or Simcox. 
The collection of scholia is much larger than any other published. The 
preface also contains several pages of illustrations of Aeschines' use of 
elision, — a matter in which the Mss. vary greatly. 

Aeschinis Orationes, Recensuit Andreas Weidner, Berlin, 1872. 

Aeschines^ Reden Griechisch und Deutsch. Uehersetzt und erkldrt von 
Gustav Eduard Benseler. Leipzig, 1855-60. The introductions and exe- 
getical and critical notes are brief, but good, and the translation is for 
the n^st part admirable. 

Aeschinis in Ctesiphontem Oratio, Recensuit explicavit Andreas Weidner, 
Leipzig, 1872. This has Latin explanatory notes and critical notes on 
the same page with the text. This book marks an epoch in the text- 
criticism of Aeschines. The principles of text-criticism followed by the 
editor are given in prolegomena covering 37 pages. These principles 
will be summarized and illustrated below (pp. 251 ff.). 

The Orations of Demosthenes and Aeschines on the Crown, G, A, and 
W, H, Simcox, Oxford, 1872. This contains several introductory essays 




and English expl&natoT; notes and Latin critical cotes 01 
with tlie text. 

The three editions last mentioned are valuable both critically and exe- 
getically. The following may be mentioned as exegetical h«lpa. 

Lysine el Aeichinii Oratione* seleclat (containing Aeach. iii.). J. II. 
Breni. Gotha and Erfurt, 1826. With Latan notes, mainly exegetical. 

Aeschines m CUsiphoniem el Demosthenes lie Corona. J. H. Bremi, 
London, 1837. This is the preceding, nith Bremi's notes translated into 

Aeschima Oralio in Cleiiphontem commentario in usum tcholarum 1 
strucia. J. H. Bremi. Gotha, 1845. 

Tlie Orations of Aesehines and Demoaihenet on (he Crown, with Modem 
Greek prolegomena and English notes by Alexander Negri). Boston, 1S3S 
and 1838. Tliia was edited by a Greek living in America, and is a. cnri 
osity rather than a help. 

The Oration of Aesehines against Ctesiphon, v)ilk notes. J. T. ChampUn 
Cambridge, 1850, The first edition contained uumeroua errors. Many 
of these were corrected in a 2d edit., Cambridge, 1868, after a review of 
the Ist edit, by President Wootsey in the Bibliolheca Sacra for July, 1850. 

The Oration against Clesiphon, vjith short English noles for the use of 
schools. Oxford, 1869. 

7^ Orations of Demosthenes on the Crown and Aesehines against Ctesi- 
phon. B. Drake. 5th edit. London and New York, 1872. The intro- 
duction and not«s are brief, but very good. 

Aesehines Rede geyen Kienphon erklUrl mn A. Weidner. Berlin, 1878. 
This has a critical appendix of foor pages, containing little more than a 
list of variations from the Latin edition of 1873. Other critical apparatus 
is lacking. The explanatory notes at the foot of the page and the long 
introduction are in German, as in the other volumes of the Weidraann 
series. On this edition the present one ia based. 


The discussion of the orations and life of Aesehines is so bound up 
with that of the orations and lite of Demosthenes that nearly every work 
ou Demosthenes touches Aesehines also. This remark applies pre-emi- 
nently to the two following works, the former of which is »o often 
referred to in the notes of tlie present edition. 

Demosthenes und seine Zeit. A. Sehdfer. Leipzig, 1856-58. 2d edit., 
1885-87. The 2d edit., though improved in many respects, unfortunately 
does not contain the several valuat)le appendixes (Beilagen) of the Ist 
edit. In the notes of the present edition the referenoes are to the pages 


of the 1st edit., the page numbers of which are retained in the margin of 
the 2d. 

Die Attische Beredsamkeit. F. Blass. Leipzig, 1868-80. A 2d edition 
is in preparation. 

Minor helps are the following : — 

Literary and historical: Demosthenes Vertheidigung des Ktesiphon. 
Leonhard SpengeL Munich, 1863. This is exceedingly severe against 

Ueber die Beweisfuhrung des Aeschines in der Rede gegen Ktesiphon, C, 
von Halm, Munich, 1875. This, without being such in name, is really a 
reply to Spengel. 

Kirchhoff. Abhandlungen der Berliner Akademie. 1875. pp. 64 ff. 
This treats of the revision of Aesch. iii. See Introd. § 28, note. 

De duplici Recensione Orationis Aeschineae contra Ctesiphontem hahitae, 
B, Cdmmerer, Arnstadt, 1876. 

Observationes in Aeschinis usum Dicendi. V, Trentepohl, Strassburg, 1877. 

Die Beweisfuhrung des Aeschines in der Rede gegen Ktesiphon, H. W, 
Reich, Nuremberg, 1st half, 1884 ; 2d half, 1885. This is a thorough 
discussion of the matters at issue in the trial for the Crown, but the bal- 
ance is always struck in Demosthenes' favor. 

Textual criticism : 

Observationes in Oratores Atticos, C. Scheibe. Halle, 1836. 

Corriguntur nonnulla in Aeschinis Ctesiphontea. J, Bake in his Scolica 
Hypomnemata, TV., pp. 315-334. Leyden, 1852. 

Herwerden in Mnemosyne, V. (1856) pp. 192 ff. 

Hamaker in Mnemosyne, VIII. (1859) pp. 1 if . 

Lectiones Aeschiniae, F, Franke in Philologus, I. SuppL (1860), pp. 

Questiones de Aeschinis Oratione contra Ctesiphontem, G, Roemheldt, 
Marburg, 1869. 

Variae Lectiones, G, Cobet. Leyden, 2d edit., 1873. The part relat- 
ing to Aeschines is pp. 478-504. 

Andreae Weidneri de Aeschines emendatione ad Cobetum epistula, Gies- 
sen, 1874. 

Zur Kritik von Aeschines Ctesiphontea, E, Rosenberg. Leipzig, 1878. 

Questiones Aeschineae de Codicum Aeschinis generibus et auctoritate, R, 
BiUtner. Berlin, 1878. 

De Additamentis quae in Aeschinis Orationibus inveniuntur, P, Papst, 
Weimar, 1880. 

De Codicibus Aeschineis. J. Adam, Berlin, 1882. 

Kritische Untersuchungen zu Aeschines* Reden, H, Ortner, Munich, 1886. 

250 APPENDIX. - 

Scholia : 

Scholia Gratca in Aeachinem et liocrafem. W. Dindorf. Oxford, 1852. 

Die ScholUn za Aeschinei. F. Schultz in JaArbSrher fir PhiMogie, XC. 
(1866) pp. 289-315. 

Questiones de Sckoliorum Aeschintomm Foiilibus. J. Frei/^r in Leipxiger 
Studien, V. (1882) pp. 239-392. 

The newest iCngUsh translation of this oration is, The Two Orationa on 
the Crovm. A new translation, hy G. W. Biddle. Philadelphia, 1881. 


Introdvclor^. The main purpose of these notes is to state and in part expiain 
the pctulinritiea of the text of Weidner's German edition, vfliich has been 
taken as the text of tlie present edition. A few exeyetical nolea liave been 
added. These, in the main, are notes which seemed loo long to be inserted 
under the text in tlie body of the hook. W.'s text has been changed materiall; 
only in §g 3, 34, 46, So, 101, 146, 1S2, 207, zoS, zta, 3Z2, 226, 334, 247. Theae 
changes will be mentioned in their plaues. W.'s text is Slled with bracketed 
words, wMuh it ia- quite likely that he would prefer to expunge rather than 
retain without brackets. But in the present edition these words have for the 
most part been given without brackets, from a eoOTietioa that most of thera 
are genuine, and from an unwillingnesa, even in deference to W.'a aulbaritf. 
to retain so many brackets to the disQgiirement of the printed text. 

The following are the cases of nimDval of brackets : § 3, ri iJ/ij#fo->iaTii, 
wpofSpcitiy. § 4, Tolv . . , vi\ii- 5 7, tlrai. § lo, iK riiv SiKWTiliita,-. £ II, 
it(ii! i4 ^fifff^iartt. § I3, ffitlouaiy. § 15, is-tiHj . . . ipx"""' § ^I, A^h, 
iwtievvoi: § 23, fidXuni, iK rSt x^P"'- § =9. alf'Tnl. § 33, oJi'. $ 36, ^f 
•rauirii'. § 38, ri/tai. § 39, m! . . . KaToAtdrti*. § 42, fl . . . wiXiais, Jtal . . . iH- 
^laiiBras. § 44, vifion, 6wi . . . !ii>iorfii', iciil . . . imfirur. § 48, ml. § 52, 
■al before rairaiP. § 62, xp^rot. | 63, tdB . . , rt^wweai. % 70, ^et" 'AOriralwr. 
§ 72, naii . . . irJAtci. § 73, floi;A,(L.TV fiv. § Si, o-i-*nrp(Vfl«i. § 86, x"*?"-"'. 
ToxiiTTo. § 88, /iix^. § 89, i XaAiiSch, xp^'B'- S 90, Mai before xaporyfAAo- 
)ifrvs. g 92, tmiwvBfinii. § 93, nal i^JyuioA. § 94, 4 XnAKtSdJi. | 103, ui'iii'. 
g loS, na! TJir irrj^ir, ical . . . £v3pairaiiira^(VDi;i. 'AEhjialov. § tl3, kbI . . . yttHi- 
Utrjls. 5 114, Snt^iparovti^ni!. § I17, /k. § 121, ir . . . yiyparriu. § I23, 
A(\^v. § 124, -rarrhs tou XJ^oi", J ypa/ifiaTiis, § 128, 4a\', § ijo, koI ift- 
TiiiitKifttnt. § 139, Kal SvyoT^i . . . noI. § 141, (I'l rii e^iSai, Aq^mreEVTii. 
§ 142, /.rfyol'. §152, Mli™il,A,»pfrr«J., .cal...Tclj.*. § I57, <ii Soi'X.fiii'. §159. 
kotI . . . XP^*""'- S 163, i t/lm-oi, g 166, iraTfTnilmai . , . Siiiav. 5 168, it 
Tij piaii. § 173, val before Tott Ailyoi/i. § 181, (T-fi. § 195, e/)affHfioi.\oi. 
S 2D2, oUiityov . . . avaifiiiativ. § Z03, rii* iSiint^Ta.i'. § 204, itvstiniitir. 
I 212, Tiiy M.i8(db. § 213, KOTi rJit iyopit. J 214, ifncrl ^oB.roflai. g 216, 



eifOhs . . . \6yov, § 230, icol Cnrw, § 235, ra^ebs icof, Tp6rtpov, § 236, A^|cis. 
§ 250, irpdrTtiv. 

Franke, and Baiter and Sauppe, had expressed discontent with our Mas., the 
latter declaring in their preface, p. ii., Hi codices ut inter se diver- 
sissimi sunt, ita a yeritate et integritate omnes longissime 
absunt. But Weidner was the first to lay down certain fixed principles for 
adjudicating between the different Mss., and to make an attempt to put an 
end to the subjective arbitrariness which had hitherto prevailed. If he has not 
always avoided this himself, he has at least fairly won the praise bestowed on 
him byCobet (V. L., p. 483),edidit vir egregie doctus et acute cer- 
nens Andreas Weidner, qui longe maximam r&v irapt/i$€0\ri/itv»v 
partem expunxit, complura feliciter emendavit et de Codi- 
cibus sanum ac prudens judicium t u lit, and echoed by Blass, Her- 
werden, and Blittner, the latter being one of his keenest critics. 

Weidner's starting-point is the proposition: omnes Ctesiphonteae 
codices qui adhuc innotuerint ex uno eodemque fonte tam- 
quam capite fluxisse. Omnium igitur unus et communis 
habetur archetypus. That this archetype had lacunae he makes proba- 
ble by the fact that the lacuna of § 159 is common to all the Mss. Interpo- 
lations like roi&rovs aiperohs Hpxovras elvai, § 30 ; irar^ t^v irpfcfitTav, § 'jS ; /lerii 
, . . (ri\oTVTrlaSf § 81 ; ^ yiip ^l^^^os ii^cuf^s <f>4p€Tcu, § 233, common to all the 
Mss., show that the archetype was interpolated also. It had also locos pra- 
vatos, to judge by common corruptions like those in §§ loi, 166. 

From this archetype, through two separate, no longer extant copies, our 
two groups of Mss., A (e k 1) and B (a g m n) have come. W. tries to make 
clear the relationship between these groups by the following diagram. 


M, a mixed group including all Mss. not in A and B, he supposes to be 
made up from the other two groups, and so to have little or no weight in 
determining the true reading. (If the line between archbttpb and z in 
Weidner's diagram were omitted, the diagram would express more clearly 
this dependence of M upon the originals of A and B.) 




A omits manj'thingi that are contained in B,m rir xp^nr, J 54; Br(iod;urai 
nal. § S7, in nhiuh A SL-cms lo give- the more correct reading. On the other 
hand, A ahowa gaps tlial seem tu have come by cnrelessnesB, u in § 95, where 
TBI ■ ■ . TtTTapiicaMa IB omitted, and particulnrlj in $ 31, where two line* 
oT^^uov - . . iwtiBiii/aii are omitted, the icribe's e^e Blippin^ on from one 6wt6- 
Birrtif to anotlier. 

Fram B consideralion of many passages, Weidner establishes the principle 
that the scribe of A's original was somewhat careless, hut withal true to the 
tirchetypi', while the scribe of B's original was something of a grannnaiian, 
who imported a little of his art into Ma copying. The additious, which b«Te 
generally been supposed to be somewhat numeroua in our Msa., probably came 
into the text in the usual way, viz., by being first written as a comment either 
on the margin of the page or betiveen the lines. A passage in § 31 illustrntes 
the problem which confronted each scribe, and how each solyed it. In the 
archetype stood 

TQirt^f 1 

'V ^Jilxoadfv1]v fiiprvpa irnpt^ot/a^. 

The scribe of A's original, in his desire to reproduce all that he found, 
simply brought down the comment xot Kniirifiuirra, aad wrote roimiv C^it airrim 
tk-nnovSirnv liifiTirpa Kai KTT}iri<pArra x-spefa^ai. While the scribe of B's original, 
beins unAillIng to leave a sentence so coniuecil, wrate rairay u/iir a^T&r Aiifioir- 
BJirnr kbI Knjui^ioiuTa liipTupas itoptfofiai- 

So in § 100 the archetype had ivrauBa I)) iruffTp/ifat fpd^ti ^AcVdni trpcaB'n 
th 'LptTpiar. The scribe of X simply wrote ypiipti wat ntKiiti. but the scribe 
of y, wishing to join bis words more compactly, wrote ypi^ti nfXtitiy i\i- 
aSai. Weidner draws the following conclusion : Demonstrarisse mihi 

n. (B) 




,s (A) i 


:it. Son 

. nulls 

obducta esse, ut nihil profile 

e that in A the additions were mostly worked 
into the text to the right, and in B to the left, where they were often better 
woTen into tho texture of the sentence. Thus, supposing in § 72 t^i clpji^i 
to be a gloss between the lines and over irvii^axio.i', the scribe of x transcribed 
rilv fru/i^axlav t^i Eip^rrii, hut the scribe of y t^i ti^-^i^i t^v iTu;i>iBx'av. In 
§ 130, in the same wny, A has t& Sugars toIs Baiio'i!, while B has toIi 3v>isii 
ri SiiiuaTo. This is the canon which Weidner applies for the detection of 



gloBsea : Tar/ing oilier of words Implici the preaence of a, glou. He does 
not nlirsyB apply his rule, but no one will conipUm that lie does not do lo with 
sufflcietil freedom. 

When a different word appears in A from lliat wliich appears in B, Wfid- 
ner often rejects both as gloeses, anil gets bnuk to the archetype. Thus in 
S 170 he rejecU both koI -roh KitSiirDui A, and mal tow nohi^Qus B, as glosses 
explaining ri Stivi. So in § 206 after irctptinims, A ir rf imtXjjirlf, B ivr^ 
ixpa^ti: in § 246 after ra En^^io, A Efudim, B iiTjpiy)i<iTa. But Ihts ruU for 
detecting glosses is applied more sparingly thin the other. 

Without further illuairation of Weidner'a principles here, in the following 
natet a list of the passages wtil be given in which ho has made the most signifi- 
cant changes, and of those in which he has left out words which one accui- 

tomed tolhe teitus receptus would misH a 

3 an essential part of the teit. 

Minor cases of excision and change many times 

more numerous will be passed 

by in silence. 

The abbrBTiations used are as follows : ~~ 

BS- Bailer and Sauppe. 

Bckk. Bekker. 

Bens. Benseler. 

Cob. Cobet, Furioe Lectiones 

pp. 478-504. 

F. Frankc. 

R. Reiske. 

S. Bcbultz. 

W. 1872, Weidner'g Latin edit. 

W. Weidner-s German edit 

of 187B. 

§ 1. 1. d £vGpfs 'Ah]vat«. All tlie Uss. except A have, as itsual in thli 
formula, i 'AhivatoL, wliich is adopted by most editt. Trentepohl (pp. 69 f.) 
gires a list of all the passages in Aeschines in which this formula occurs, and 
ice of the shorter fartn (01 undoubted ca«ei, 
' of the longer form alone) for its restoration 
In Demosthenes, on the contrary, there is bal 
more than a thousand cases of the longer. — 
!Sted by his borrowing Andoc. ili. 
ir a discussion of Acschines' in- 
debtedness on this point, see Cobet, W/«e lecllout-s, pp. 550 ft. 

2, G. '^v. Dobson, following n suggestion of Bekk., has this reading. So 
alto S. and Simcox. Most editt., following the Mas., hare «^, a aolecism 
arising from the carelesaness of scribea, who put Iho aubjr. after In without 

argues from the vast prepondt 
22 in which tlie Mas. Tary, not 
in all cases when the Msa. differ, 
one case uf tiic sliorler form t 
Acschines' faroiliarily with Andociiies 
3 tl. and incorporating it into 11. 176 ff. 

2. 6, Between xaAiTwr and criii,^pi!rui the Mss. and editt. have thrrtp et ri/uii 

8. 6, After xdxTJ ^- '^72 has with Mas. and editt. lAnptiiAimi, of wliich 
Cob, says, putidum einbloma et auribus molestum. 


3. 9. tto^YY^UiLV : W. and S. with no M«s. livayye^eTr. This waa a sngges- 
tion of K,, seconded by Hain»ker. Tlie connection does not require tlie fut. 

i, 7, ol irpuTcivtti : aa a standing commillee, the pryCaQR formed, aa il 
were, the visible aod tangible goremnient. Anj important matter such as the 
seizure of Elalea by Philip, wM reported to tliein. Cf. Dem, xviii. 169. They 
are said to officiate aa police not only ia the present passage but also in the 
Argument to Dem. xxv. See Hermann, Gr, Sliiatsuit., § 127. The word 
Xp)|fu<Tl(<ii', need of the preparation of public business for the assembly, which 
in I. 23 is predicated of the rpitSpai, is in the docament inserted in Dem. xx.i. 
8 predicated of Ihe rpirrdrns. 

I. 8. ^ irpotGptiiavira i^uXij; mo»t writers hare liesitatcd to lake the plain 
interpretation of tliese words which Acschincs gives, ri ScKaTov ^tpas t^i wi- 
X-tait (these words are rejected by Herwerden). probably thinking that to array 
one-tenth of the citizens against tbe rest would be to inaugurate a civil war 
around the presiding officer. 80 they have fallen upon the idea of a committee 
repreienling the tribe. See Schomann, I. p. 383, " A num1)er of citizens from 
each Phyle, determined on each occasion by lot," " etner Anzahl von Biirgem, 
aus einer jedesmal durchs Loos beatimmtcn Phyle." 

Schafer in his 1st edit., II. p. 291, thought it meant a "Phyle des Raths." 
But in the 2d edit., TI. p. SIO, he has come bock to Aeschincs' plain statement, 
"Einc Pliyle, also dcr zehnte Theil der Burgerachftfl." 

7i 4. Ian: W. adds after Askew and Reiske. Tbe reading of the Mas. and 
edttt. rattier awkwardly co-ordinates {(nipiiaffai witli ^lo-ifv and iiyfTrSai. with 
a change of subj. 

7* 6. ann>Tp|opoiivTts : W. fotlowa A against the other Mss. and tbe editt., 
which have ai/rcpyaums. W.'s reading conforms to Aescbines' fondness for 
expressing the idea of the verb in a noun of kindred form. See on § 1. 4. 

8. 3. Kol njv woXiTitav GiawumviravTn ; as this repeats the idea of ira^M- 
HrraBi/itriH t^v viiXir, Cob. says, Hujus loci prior pars AthenJs 

8. 10. Tott v<i|u»t Kol Tip ii|UTipi|i oTi\ii^pmm : W. with A. S. has tbe same 
witli tiie slight varialion t^ avuptpoyri t^ ifitripv "^^^ other editt. have 
with 5 T^ i/6fitp Kal T^ ri\ti Ka\ Tip avfi^fpoyTt Tip ifLtripip. 

10, S. iv\iv . . . JviavT^ : contained in all the Mss. and editt. The diffl. 
cully of interpretation is insurmountable. Tlie distinction here spoken of is 
one that mast have been conferred within a year of the magistrate's tWurai, 
Cob. rejects the words as a ridiculO'Ug addition. 

11< 1. vo|uiS<Tf|t: this is one of a few ca 
gard tor the Mss. tlian W. 1872. Thougli I 
tained by Cob., he has restored it. 

II. 6 f. l-nvii], [iLrt»] : here also W. is more conservative than usual, in 
bracketing latlier than rejecting, nri'i certainly makes a barsh reading when 
joined with si /iit. In the Eji. od Cob. p. 24, W. speaks of Cob.'s rejecUoD of 
these words as palmaris emendatiu. 


16. 5. KOKevpYov JtvOpwirav Kal ro^tmiv; W., contrarj' to his habit of 

nbridgiiig Ihe Mss., has here, perhnpi loo inuch infliieQued by § 200. 7, added 
lEvfipanroii. Kal IB found io e 1, 

20< 3. fuSuvotiTov oil cricvfparirav kqI tm> (iryfimiiv mipiov cCtav: BS. liSiyas 
Iilifi'iu xal rill' ^icr 0<iu0puirJFP . . . Hyti. Tlie Msa. Imve JilJi'ai and iyrir. B t£v 
^((T fKvSpvrwy. A omiU all between Siiirai and iirit. Bekk, ntv for riv. 

23. 8. dvivBwDV hi Kal a^iirq-rav: BS. and most editt,, following B, bate 
AvfAHiiiisi' tc Kal initVoiiTDw val iCir^Tau. Bocauae l>'»£«TaffTo» and if(ir»|Toip 
stand in itirerse order in A and B, W. omits irtih-aarav, disregarding the 
fondseu of the Greeks for accumulation of adjs. with alpha privative. Bekk. 
tollowi A, 

23. S. After m4en*iu the Mu. and editt. hare Sita nfAarra «ti raura Ik rij! 
w6\fai! (lAii^iii. W. ia alone in rejecting this, regarding it •« a glass from 

S4. 11- VH»IZHA : e alone hai this. The other Mbs. give no title except 
that k 1 have on the margin AlAAOnlMOZ TUN HMEFUN, whioh most editt., 
following Bekk., adopt. 

S&. 7. vtuplBVT i-m^iXom: BS.,F. rtiipiiy. Mss., Bekk., Bens., S., fCKiDfaiK 

27. i. After &pxam! II1P Mbb. and editt. have ;cbI SiKaarvptwr iiytfaitltti 
«i^iB«p(. — Aiifuwflt'vTiv jHipni|ja; editt. with B have AijjUoirWciti' ical KrTjirc- 
fSrra fiiprupas, A hsE AjifLoirdfy^r /nifiTupa Hal Krqirif »n-B. A comparison of 
A and B ace. to W.'s principle eliows xal KrigirifuvTa to be a gloss. The pi. 
VH^ISMATA following (§ 28 in.), causes difficulty. This, however, can hardlj 
refer to Cleaipbon's proposal, which ii read later, after § ^3. W. 1872, p. VIII., 
undergtands the other document to bo the role of the tribe of Paodionis 
appointing Demosthenes TtixoToi^t. This iil. misonderstood tnaj have been 
the occasion of the gloss in question. 

SO. 3. oEtplttuh; the description of the old rpiTTdti, Poll. viii. 111, Sri iiii- 
rot r^TToptj ^ETay cu ipu\at, tls Tpla fi4pT} iKd^n) Si^pTjro, itai rb ft(pQ% touto tirar 
XtiTB TpiTTJ'i ibI i9yos xal ippaTpia is siDgulnrly like that of Harpocr. in the 
relation of /tipos (fipn) to the following nouns. Under the later division into 
ten tribes the rpirriet appear in a classification for military purposes in Dem. 
iir. 23. Cf.' Ri-p. AlhA,hi, lii) srpafti-ifisai iuvuxrai TpiTTi;apx°'''"<"here 
the TpiTriapxos would acem to be a subordinate military officer contrasted 
witli the highest, i'oc the same officer performing financial functions, r/. 
CIA. II. 297, 20 a., tli Si rhv trrfpa^i' tSi ttrhf-nt ioini. rix ^£rrr«rr),c koI tobt 
rpemifix''^' AA tpaxjiis. On the union of several adjacent demes into a tfit- 
tit, see Ross, B!e Demen van AtHka, p. 8, "Die ■Eira^ptrs bildelen nach einer 
Inachrift dec Akropolis eine rpiTTis" 

80. 4. After Siax'^pli'iy Mas. and moat editt. hare rovrout aiptrals ipxii^as 
(Ifai. S. and Cob. omit. 

SI Ji"- Halm (p. 3) accuses Aeschines of spicing his arguments with soph- 
isms, notably in regard lo Ilogcnion's law and the distinction between apxi 


Bud iniUKtta. Speagel, hoi 
being al>Ie lo liandle (lie cbm 
clscing apropos of Deni. xvi 

it til) 

that Demoslhenei, i 

r\j, feigaa BBtomslim(?ut and indignation, i 
■ 9, 5 ^a.^ir^ciln^poi ii'9paiwai Hal BtiHS i\Bphs t 
ipli dciiv! abx i tdioPtoi; "Man wird Dicht 

, wenn man iiberliaupt uberall, wo die Redner nnr BKLmihen u 
, die Ureaelie in dem Mangel nirliliche Grlinde Torznbringen 


Tliere is some injustice on this paint in each oTatian.i The tucl that De- 
mosthenes had at the time of the trial passed the f6$uvai, though not annul- 
ling the illegality of Cteaiplion's proposal, as Dcmotthenea would aEBume, had 
reallj changed tlie situation. This Aeschines refuses to recognize. 
Binuation that Demosthenes mnj still tail to pass the (Muvai (§ 23) has raised 
the most unfarorable criticism. See Heich, 1st half, p. 2G. This would seen 
to be downright chicanery rathi?r than mere carelessness of revision. Sei 
Introd. § 28 ^B. Sittl (Rfinci. dur Or. Lil. U. p. 261) explains tlds by assum 
lag that AeBt'liiiies himself did not gire the oration its present form. 

Demosthenes could have made a fair defence by waifing the discussion ft 
to tlie legality of the proposal, and planting hxmseU squarely on the fact tliat 
preccdL'nt had so sanctioned sui^h propu^nts that tlie PovKli had not lieaitated 

34. 4. After tirwip^' ti W. adds with no Mss, au* in Hiwrt Ua'. Cob. ia 
SttiisBed with (his addition, but would omit it rf t<i<i\-nai<f of line 2, which W. 
in Ep. ail Cab., p. 20, defends. 

84. 6. -Yiyvaii^VBV : W. follows A. Otber Mss, and most editt bsTe i 

S9. 5. [koI tdvs |j^v ovaLpitv . . . KBToXchnLv] : in all Mss. and edilL 

Bracketed by W. with Ilamaker. The diffiuolty is to find a sobj. for the Infl. 
If the clause is a part of the text, the subj. must he supplied from r^ *)«>, 
referring to the Nomothetae, 1000 in number (Poll. vlii. 101). representing 
the sovereign people, Tlie verdict of tlie Nomothetae in the time of Demos- 
thenes was ultimate when (be decision (iiaxfipirofUy) in regard ti 
law was put into their bands. The case was not referred back to the iKK\^ir{a. 
The only resort remaining was a napawinuiv ■y^aiSAi. See Tarhell in Am. J. of 
FlUt. X. (188U), p. 82. Schilmann, I. pp. 387 ff. Hermann, dr. SlaaUalt., g 131. 

42. 7. [aal [wra 4n|i^[<r|ianic] : in all Mas., and balancing well with Srei 
Siy/iaTos, but tlic latter is sufficiently balanced by irtt<raiTts i^as, and Knl/MTik 
•I'TliplirfiaToi is not unlike a gloss. W. 1872 does not suspect It. 

43i T. ivayriev: S. and Cuh. Most editt. with the Mss. hare tnirai 
After 'EAAi^vur Mss. and editt. have Kavcrmi ^it /itrii ^vi^ltryaTa, rilaarrt 
l/tms, oStoi S" inu ^ijij/fffmros. Cob. also omits. 

45< 3. [irT€iJ>avou>i^vow] : Cub. omila tliis as well as ff-n^i'iiu^^fim in G 
If retained with M«a. and editt., it is an example not only of Aeschines' em 
henint eipression, but of his desire to keep repeating the word on which the 


45* 8. Between fi,iii€p6s and Brav BS. and most editt. with Mss. ayaiaipvr- 
TtffBai, iiwoiai^s fiovk^s letd IHiftov Koi <pv\€r&v Ka\ Srifxor&v. S. also rejects this as 
a gloss, except iufoxrip^TtirOcu. If made a part of the text it would take away 
the semblance of a qnot. from the law. 

46* 6. After Karayv&vai Mss. other than A and most editt. have rod 8^/aov 
Tdy *h0ft¥ai<»v, W. rejects because in A these words come before Karayvuyou. 

46* 8. After Zy W. alone has, on the authority of e only, &y. The const, 
is unprecedented, and the reading doubtless an error of e. 

46. 9. After iufKupfTaOai the Mss. and editt. have xal KoBiepovv. W. 1872 
brackets. Cob. also omits. 

47 • ^ After vri^vov Mss. and editt. iv T<p Oedrptp, 

48* 8. o^TOt Y^'ypo^cv : oZros is an addition of W. This is not necessary 
to bolster up the reading y^ypa.<^v of A. The other Mss. and editt. have 

45* 12. IX{iiv : Mss. except 1, which has a^^eiv, and all editt. have i^eiv. 
Cob. (Mnemosyne, YIII. p. 161) proposed the present reading. 

Mm 2. ^71^ oiroKpCvo|uu : Mss. and editt. show a variation here and in line 7 
between iiiroKplvofuu, iiroKplvu/iai and itnoKpiyovfiai, 

. 57* 7. After Arifioir$4vriv W. omits with S. aXrioy yeytvrjfieyov, supported by 
varying order in Mss. 

58* 5. After ^(Xititov W. with S. omits fxercurx^'iv 'EWrfviKov ffvvcdpiov of the 
Mss. Cob. would omit also el rives . . . ^iXimrovt as imported from § 64. 

59. This section affords a good exhibition of W.'s pruning of the text. 
After KoBeC^^Ba he omits itrX rohs Koyifffio^s : after olK60ev, ivlorc : after ^x<>*" 
Tcf, learit r&y Xoyuryi&v : after ^juo^v, 4<rrlv : after 6fioKoy4)(r<is, koX iirivedffas (with 
A) : after tv, ahr6s (with A). 

62. 4. After Amkivos W. omits & ypw^ifitvos. - 

72* 3. After &iropf>^|ai W. omits t^s eipiivris, because in A it comes after 

74* 1 f • After 6 fi^v W. omits ^iXoKpdrris : after ^nfpiafiariy fxerh. r&y &K\wy 
ypa/ifxdTctv : after iiri}lfri<l>l(ras, ArifioffdevriSf iv ^ yeypaicTai. 

78* 5 ff. After hXKorpiovs W. omits ov^4 ye 6 lUtf iroyriphs ovk h.y yeyoiro drj- 
fioffie^ XPV<^^5. After MaK€Bovl<i^ W. omits with Bekk. and S. kut^ r^y irpefffieiay 
contained in most Mss. and editt. 

80* 3. After ^M/reGo-i W. adds Koi rh.s iy BoiuroTs. But even if it is true 
tliat the fate of the Phocian towns was also visited upon some of the Boeo- 
tian towns, this need not be mentioned by Aeschines. 

In the decision of the Amphictyonic Council, which was ratified by Philip, 
in regard to the Phocian towns, it was provided (Diod. xvi. 60) ^x^iy ^wKiis 
r^v X^pttVf Kal <p4p€iy Kar iyiavrhy r<^ $€<p <p6poy rdKayra e^'fiKoyra, /a^xP^ ^^ 4ktI' 
cttat rik huroypcupeyra xjyfifiaTa Karh, t^v UpoavXiav, As over 10,000 talents had 
been taken from the temple (jof. Diod. x. 56, virepfidkKety rek fi^pia rdKayra), the 
payments would last till 180 b.c. Inscriptions recently discovered at Elatea, 
and described in the Bulletin de Correspondance Ilell^nique XI. (1887) pp. 318- 

3'ltl, corroborate Dioii. in an intcreatii 
of in these inscriptionB as paying 3( 
Hitnjslily the puynients vera Etrtni-sii 
at the fall Pylaca. The dale of thi 
Chaeronea, hecaase thi 


nantier. The Phociang are epoken 
lenti at the spring I'jiaea. Pre- 
, the other 30 talents being paid 
acriptions is uncertain : it is after 
Bs a KiHf6n. Paul. i. 3. 3 reporla 
llittt tlie Atlieniana and Thehans restored the Piiocians to their citiee j 
before Cbaeronea. After liii vjctorj Philip would have no reason to nndo 
tliis act. The Gne troa not remitted even then, nor when, in 279^ B.C., 
Amphictfoniu rotes were given M the Fhoc;ians as a reward of their gallant 
defence of Delphi against the Gauls. Cf. Paus. i. 8. 3. CIA. II. No. 551. 
It ia argued that the inBcriptiona are prior to the 2d century o.c, bet^anse 
Delphic arcliona named in them do not appear in the liat of Delphic archon) 
preserved for the years since 196 n.c. 

81. 6. After MouAfiifm W. omits, with Seheibe, Bake, and Hamaker, /itri 

8S. 6, X^TT<iJ<riiVT« : A Tjno-fleiootrfi. Otiier Mse. iTrirTpaTrirarm, 
wliich is followed by most editt. W.'« emendation leems t* tack good 

89. 2. imp j)tiw: in B before iruyyud^vf. W. 1ST2 says fort, delen 
dnm. £p. ad Cob,, p. IB, rejecta unqualified iy. The present rending is a 
abandonment of W.'a principle, for which he is taken to task by Rasenberg 
(p. S). 

91. 10. After i-reaTpirtvoy W. omits ^ rt «i\finroi' <cal 17 Si]B<di"- Brack- 
eted in W. 1872. After itirfpor f W. omits S«o» 0! >«rrflol t# ypi^wTi r^r 

ftS. 3. Kal vpaT-mv : W. adds contrary to his wont. 

93. 8. After not W. with Uamaker omits ri/r Ka\Klau ypa'p>}v hbI tJiv irv^. 

94. 1 f. TT]Xutoi)Toi ir(irpii[i^wii niyx'""''''^'' ■ ^'^^ "'*'' ^ ^"^ rirfiar^ai itjAi- 
koDtdi of B and most editt. After riryxiii'oi'oi'' W. with Hamaker omits ul 
avyflplai (tal ffUBTtJEfii. 

99. 6 t. After A^ytii- must editt. have ip,S^S,y, not in A nor B (except a). 
— ovx '<^K(v ohB(Ii : Mss,, W. 1872, and editt. hare uix iap^tf- Cob. oiStli 
iSpoKt. — 'S: W. and Cob. with Stob. Flor. 11. 48, tor iiiS of Mss. and editt — 
ir^SfHi : W. with A for fiSKurra of B and moat editt, 

100. 3 ff. W. has pruned the text in numerous places witliout omitting any 
very significant wiiriis. 

101. 1. KOinvvB' (tvo^alvtriu irtpl iravr iSv tv ti^ i|ii)^1o-)ibti ■wpit Tif KXt^ 
(in-n : W. has irii^a rUr, BS. Irc-ra iratpali'i-rai irtp! Eirnvr" fif kt>.. So P„ Bens., 
and moat editt. S. Irtii' ifafainfrm wihiv Snat &v xt^. Of the Mas. A has 
Titraiy, B ariyruy. The Mss. reading hsa been considered incapable of in- 

101. 6. KuX rig Tpi-qpfis: W. omits, deatroying the point of tiie expression. 


101. 8. T^ 'Ah)va(Bn>: Met. nnd cditL have rir 'AAnvafuv. In the aeveral 
pnssages where Ihe Msb, varj between i SiJ^i i 'Miiniuy and 6 iTJiiat rSr 
'Affjivalair Trenlepohl, p. 01, concluclea that the furtncr is used only when par- 
ticular cmphaaiB is intended, at in |§ 48, 49, jog. 

104* 2. mXXov p^v XC""'^ xaXtoi S' : \V. has changed on weak grnund* 
the reading ot the Mss., iKaxi'-rov xa'>«oS. The enpreBaion is much more 
forcible with the antithesis to x"^""'' '^^t to the imagination. 

108, 6. npovaEf : whether Aeschinea ActuaJlj wrote nparaiif or nparolif, we 
cannuC tetl from oar Mas., alt of which hare the latter. When thia superaeded 
the former in later antiquity, critiea and uopjiata would be liliel/ to subatitule 
it ererynhere for the former. See K. O. Miiller, Klcim Deultche Srltriflen, II. 
pp. 195 ff. If Dem. ixv. were genuine, the contrast, ibid. 34, between n^tnfai 
and irovahii would be evidence na to the usage of thii time, which it ia not 
unlikely waa the turning point. 

lOS, 9. After yvi^im Vf, omita ii,Ipit «al ra^sfltrniTa. JuraToC kbI irtp! rslq- 
sii' ical ipi\i»raijilar (a aofitay') 3iaT«Tp[^rJrgt. Cob. would omit not only thia 
but also 'A^vafou tV yytiftriy. 

llo. 3. The relation between Itpa/iriiiarti and wuKarripat is fully diacuiied 
by BiJrgel, Die p^laisch-delphiachi Amphiklyonie, pp. 109 S. See also Gilbert, 
Gt. Staatiall., II. p. 413. rvXtyipa, ap]K'ars lu be the older name for the 
whole body of delegatea, coming down from a time when the Amphictyons 
aaaembled only at Thermopylae. Thia uaage aeema to have anrvived in Hdt. 
vii- 3X2, ^i Tvy Trv\ayipigy T&f 'Aufput-rvAn^v its rijy iri'Aa[a»' avKKtyo/iitvy. 
But at the time when the Amphictyona took charge of the sanctuary of Bel- 
phi (proh, after the First Sacred War) the delegates took the formal title, 
Upa)iriiitiin!. Now aa theae 21 delegatea of the 12 peoples {iBmi) forming the 
league could not adequately repreaent every city, a new class of delegatea 
called ru>iiiyipoi came to have a place by tlicir aide lepreaenling the different 
ciiies (i-rft(ii), but for a long time with no voting power. Tliey were an 
avenue of communication between the counql and the different cities forming 
the peoplea therein represented. They prob. came to have more and more in- 
fluence aa an adviaory body. Already in 380 n.c. (cf. § 124] they were called 
in to help the Hieromnemona in the deciaion of an important matter. But 
nt this elate tliey appear to have withdrawn after giving their advice, leaving 
Ihe decision to the Hieronnemone. At a time designated by Bilrgel and Gil- 
bert as about coincident with thia tatter date, though Dittcnbcrgcr makes it 
nearer the close of the 3d century, Delpliic decrees which had formerly begun 
tloit TDri ttpany^i/iosi, begin to take the form ISoit rsFi Upofiyifuiirt kb] toJs iyo- 
paTptU. See Dittenberger, Si/lloge Inacrip., Nob. 184, 185, 188. The name 
iyepnrfal ia taken by Dittenberger to be a now name for rvKayipn, Coming 
into vogue at the time when they asaumed voting powers. The word xuXo- 
70^1 never appears in decreea. Acachines' iiiii\i]irla (S 124) corresponda to ri 
Koirir iriiv4ipiov of tlie decrees, wliicli must therefore be diatinguiahed from rh 
furiipitr of §§ 116. 12, 1 17. 2, which clearly refera to an aaBembly of the Hie- 


IS onlj. At Athena the KJEramaemon appears to bsve held office for 
two seaaiona of the Tv\aia, being chosen bj lot before the beginning of ench 
year, at the aunie time nith the urcltnjis. Cf. Ar. Niib. H23, atB- Z» Aax&> 
'TitpjBsXoi T^Tit Ifpofitninarf'iii. So the lut might tall upon s mao of no great 
experience in public aSaira. C/. Dcm. xrm. 149, Mptimavt iirtipavi \iyirr mi! 
ri fiiWoy 01) rpaopa/i^rous. The irir\ayii>in, on the otiier liand, were voted for. 
Of. 5S 114. 1, tij, 4. They were chosen for each xuAa/a. For this difference, 
cf. § 115.4,6, lipn/ii^/ioyoi ifTas~~ini\ayipous eihfaSf. In other states than 
Atliena different regulationa aeem to have prevailed. In some the Uiuromne- 
mona were elected by vote, and in some toe eacli iruXnla. The different dtiea 
of the Boeotiana doulitleaa would have been discontented to have (lie impoi^ 
tant Dffive remaJn long with a single city. See Biirgel, p. 117, note. Athena 
appears to have had, as its regalar quota, one Itpo^iv^^wr and three wii^ayipm. 
The other Ionic cities, with tlie exception of Ihoau uf Euboea (which collec- 
tively had a lifm/ii^fiui.) , had to be contented with xuAiryitpoi simply. 

116. 7. vplv j£apclrcur6ai : the exact nature of the Athenians' delinquency 
is hard to determine from the words of Aescliinea. Shielde with euch inacrip- 
tiona would naturally have been set up immediately after tlie Persian War. 
In that case, it would now he rather late for Thebes to take up the grievance. 
The Schol. understands xaivhr ttdr to refer to the temple built by tlic Alcmae- 
onidae nearly two centuries before ; coAei 3< airbt xa-ifit, *a9)i rkt wa\mhr 
lli.iifiia94ina Ir^totifi-riiiay ol ' k-ii^urriortt. Cf. lldt. T. 6s, imaZBa of ' AKKiittni- 
Joi wap' 'k)iipiKTii6niir Thf riiir lunBevrTu riiv ir AfK^'im rir rir Ur^a rirt 3l 

Grote (XI. e. 90, p, 275) thinks tliat we have here a reference to a restora- 
tion of an offering Grst made by the Athenians immediately after the battle of 
I'lataea, and that these ahielda haring been stripped of their gilding by the 
Pbocians in the last Sacred War, were now regilded and set op in a new 
ehapel (_itairiir rtiit), "reviving historical recoilectionB highly oSonsive to the 
Thebans, and to the Amphiisian Lokrians aa friends of Thebes." Some in- 
signiflcant omission, he thiakB, io the dedicatory formula was made a handle 
of by the latter against Athena. . If we reject tliis explanation, we have to 
suppose either that the offence was one a century and a half ol<l (Bcnseler, 
Woolsey), or that the temple of Apollo had not yet been dedicated (Schol.). 
Schafer, who in hia 1st edit, thouglit that tlio offence was the flrat dedication, 
has in his 2d edit. II. p. 53d adopted the view of Grote. So also Beicli, 2d 
half, p. 13. 

123. 8. ia-M jwl £Ut(s liPiarL: pnasagcs bearing on this subject are i. iS, 
Lycurg. 76, Pollux, viii. 105, Stoh. Fhr. xliii. 4S, Ilarpocr. a.D. itiSitrei. 

The points to be settled are (1) at what age the two years began ; (2) what 
were the duties required of the young men in thaac years ; (3) nhellier the en- 
rolment as citizens came at the beginning or at the end of the period. 

(1) Hermann, Gr. Priiialall., 'p. 322, and Dittenberger, Be E}ihehl<i Altias, 
p. S, leave it doubtful whether the fipiiBtla designated by this phrase began 



[ the beginning or tlie completion ot ilie eiglileenth ypar. DumonC, Sar 
I'SphtbU Aui'/ur, p. T, luxlerslaniia it to bc^in on tlic completion of the eigh- 
teenth year, " h dli-huit ans." See also p. 22. " L'expreBsioo iriiierii ^Biiaat, 
. qui eat fre'qucDtc pour indiquer qu'on eiitre dnn* V&ge ifph^bique, ligniSe au 
pTopre BToir paes^ de deni anni^ea I'ELge d'adoleacence ; or I'adolescence Mgals 
k Atbiinea Snissnit k seize ana." On the other hand, Schijmann (I. p. 369) 
and Schiifer (III. Beilage II. p. 3Q) undersUnd it to bugin at Ihu beginning 
ol the eighteenth year. Schatvt ilidulari'S also that Viimol, who formerlj held 

the appDiit« view, stated to him that h< 
that view. UnneceBBary confusion ha 
confounding the two years of Ijflii with 

(2) It aeema likely that the r#.|flet 
period to perform service as TipfituADi, 
Aristotle for a voucher). C/. Aesch. i 

(3) The enrolment as a citizen, iyypi-p< 
proh. occurred at beginning of the pci 

id come to doubt tlie correctness of 
een introduced into the matter by 
two of iipriB'la. 

I required during both yeara of tbs 
pite of Harpocr. s.b, ripln^ai (witli 
67. Pollux, l£. 

spite of Pollux, I.e., and Har- 

pncf./.e. See Dittenberger, p. 9,BndDuiiioQt,p.23fl. At this time tbefamoue 
ephebic oath was taken. C/, Pollux, I.e. Lycurg. 76, fimv Spimi, tr Hfivusmri 
TfirTts ol to^.7tiu intiSir tii rb Kfj^uLpx*'^^^ ypaftttaTtiof ^T^pafwiri*' Kai I^T^fiVi 
yivurrai. A part of the investment ndLh rights of citizenship ia the scene 
described in § 154. The institution of ^^Siio, in times after the period of 
the orators, passed through changes which it ia not necessary to discuaa here. 

138> B. JNivGw>vra|uv ov : Sv is contained in A h, and is retained by B8., 
Bekk,, R., 8. It U rejected by F., Bens., Simcox, H. Frohberger in Philolo- 
yur, XXIX. p. 632 argues for the omission of ir in this and all similar passages, 
as Thuc iii. 74, in whiuh it is implied that the danger was already present, and 
itia only tiie event expressed by the inf. that was contingent. Different is § SS, 
where the danger was contingent and Sv is properly used. C/. Xen. Uelt, it. 
3. 23, V. 2. 41, vi. 3. 23. See GMT. 49, 2. n. 3 d. 

124. 3 ff. The clause bracketed by W. could hardly be necessary to an 
Athenian audience. 

126* 3. After ^pitifio. the editt. generally liave with B <|Iii tntaarimit 
T^s imiAijo-iai. A h have In' 6,vaaTian rfli iMAijirloi. 

I3S, 5. avSis : the reading nuroii of 1 made TV. distrustful of a^rqi in the 
other MsB. 

139. » f. After lictSth W. omits K.iT4\»iini> Sih. r&y -ti^fuiTviywy. e k 
have Kill KaTiKSArrft kt\. — o-rparilav (iroiii'iravTO : W. omits i-wl roij 'A^^cfl- 
rrtni, which stands in A before rrrfUTclav, jn 1! after it. 

138. 3 B. The question may he raised how tar the force of nix extends, 
and where the sent, beeomea declarative. The punctuation adopted is that of 
nearly all editt. R, continues the question as far as ^Giifaii), § 134. G. Uob- 
Bon mokes it atop with auritptat, § 132. 0. Drake has no interrogation point 
It all, which is probably a misprint. If the interpretation of II. be adopted, 
Iwpa there should be but one interrogation point, and that after jSii^ovi. 


^^B 133. 7. After ii ipx^t W. omiii rtpl tt,, T>e tipoC ■sr.fAn.f,*, which W. 18T3 

^^H brackets. 

^^^^ 148. T. (t |i^ S«t Xi]p>[v: k 1 h have ><»>, whioh showi how carelesiljr the 

^^^^1 icribeg gomeliineB copied. 

^^H 146. 4 1. After ff"i W. cimili i>ri r.C S^u-Tot of Mfi>. (B iri BiiM^TO!) 
^^^U Kud e<litt. Before tuf arparTiyAir he inserts ntio-Hi', with Cohet, A'oL'cir Lectiones, 
^^^B p, 229. He also omits it toD oTpaTij^iou, whicli ia in A and B, except g, which 
' hni, witli several of M, BTfaTriyiiaa. 

146. 9. After •pfpuv W. omils i.rapiiBiseiinM¥ t£i> {^hiv of most Mu. ; A has 
U T»v ^ri^nroa^ii^vi' ft'niiv. The editt. retain the reading of B M in prefer- 
ence to that of A, which eecma forced. 

149. 1. B^. Thisreadingof all not conlained in Ah and some olLer 
Mm. The omiaaion would make the clause more effective as a resumption of 
all the itcmi preceding. Perhaps Hi ii the correct reading with a aituilar 

149. 6 f. After T«(?r7«u the Msa. except a, anil all editt., have irpht *1\it- 
war. a puts this after ti/rlirriv.^iiX ut iCT{pvy^Ti: most Mss. except A have 
4a\' ut v'fTO, ToSro Ktipiiytii ti. This is followed by the editt. n has nitpiyiiaTi. 
A h have mjp6yfia-Ti Toirrif. 
, 155. 3. After ivtpc; W. omits 4 rf fiiyitTai: K\fms on the slight vaHa- 

1 tion in the Mss. (A h, ft t( wort ffl/yftTn.), the fact that •pdiyy"^'" occuri 

three linca faniier on, and the opinion of Cobct on Hyperid. Epitaph., p. 48. 

I56i 1. After 9fiiv most editt. have litntia dims, which staodg in A h after 
'KBityaioi. W. understands this to have ariaen from a glosa IntTtin, inserted 
above the line. 

159. 4. -niv ix tTft woXfttf . . . Tpii{pT] : there is no variation here in the 
Mas., except that the so-called srMdan Scrimj/eri (B leaves of a Ms. of Aeich.) 
Avoids a lacuna hj reading ipyupaXirfiiaas in line 6. See C. Troost in Jahr- 
JficAer >> Phil., CXXIX. (1884) p. 101, The editt., beginning with R., have 
generally recognized a lacuna. BS., Bens., take no note of it. Others, as 
Bekk., F., do not indicate it in the text. S. suggests t^v [&t& t^t riXfais . . . 
ir^Spa 7^] in tQi rixnii Tpr^pt, leaving still a lacuna. Cob.'s emendation is 
holder, rijp [ircr^fSa iynaT4\iTt • ytyofi^rrji y&p t^s ffufiipapax tvBiit ipx^'^' itnuy^ 

159. 8. itpi|vo^vXaKa : perhaps it was proposed to clothe Nausiclea, a man 
of influence at the time, with some special powers for the securing of a good 
undcratanding with Philip. If aliTir (editt. aOriy), the reading of the Mss., 
though aome put it before and others after iKtAtm, be retained, fiptvoi^^Xaiia 
teems like a mere piece of sarcasm aimed at the hitherto ao warlike, and now 
BO peaceable, Demoatbenea. 

O. Leae (PAiVo/ojuj, XLII, pp. 60S ff), comparea this pasaage with Dem. 
ivii. 16, robs M if Koii'^ ifiu\iuip T(Ta7;tecDut, malting Koitp ^uAoup of tile latter 
passage equiv. to fuKani! r^t koii^i flpTjvijs, referring to a board of peace-com- 
B understands that Demosthenea wished to secure an appoint- 



merit on such a board of uominiBsi oners, that tlic board might not be ' captured ' 
by the Macedonian party. 

160. 4. ih atrlav H niv 'ASijvaluv ^ovViiv KaT^im)n: A (except 1) Ii, ili 
oiT-fai' Si iia77t\laj» fluaiai rfcy opx^I"- faTt'o-Tricre. The other Msi. mostly have 
Hiv ^ouA^v in place of rjif ipx^'' S° ^^^ editt, 

leO. 5. Map(CTii]v. Frejer {Lfipzkja- Stadien, V. p. 310) suggeata that 
tbe nkknaine wna bestowed with some reference to Alexander's reported in- 
dilTercnce to nomen {rf. Allien, x. 435a). IIiIb being a cardinal point in the 
popular picture of tlie booby Margiiea. 

166. 7. ftr! Ti nrtri tim! tpinBt &<ntp tit BiKiru iitlpami. Thia passage 
is prob. corrupt. Bekk,, Bens., F., Simcox, join irl ri rtmi witb the preced- 
ing. The lack of an obj. to Siefpgwi makei it difficult to determine the figure 
in the epeaker'a mind, npiirat, which seeoiB obscure, and is omitted by BS. 
and S., Dobaou changes to hjudhtiIii. The usual interpretation, which the text 
hardly sustains, ia either, are draming us through needlei, or are draioing netdlea 
through us. 

167. 2. Bionyaiua {Z3e adis. vi die. in Dfm,, 56) belierei the phrases to' be 
iuTentions of Aeschincs. His words ouSib yip fiplara TniTam tapi ATtfuiaBiiiii 
Ktip-ttet look as if he sought for these identical phrases in the published orsr 
tiona of Demosthenes. In regard to the adilitional statement, abSi 7' iiKXa. ritk 
i^iipTtiA Kal i-rihT) hvijima ir buSibI Tvr AjiitoirSiviivs Xi-ycir ciprTr SiSii^ltal, it 
may be aubmitled whether this judgment, endorsed by Blass (Alt. Sered., III. 
I. p. 88), pays enough attention to auch cxpreasions as Dem. xtui. jo, Sorip 
iuKoKptxrlar Tivil /Mu T^t irarTiptas t^t laaroS KarairKiSiiiias, At the time ia 
question Demosthenes mas doubtless at a white heat of excitement and tiilk- 
ing ex tf.mpoTt. 

171< 4. Nvit^auw: Nymphaeum paid a yearly tribute of a talent to Athens. 
Of. Harpocr. s.v. Kiitfaiov. Satyrus I., of the Hellenic line of Spartocidae, 
who styled themselves princes of the Boaporua, appears to liave been reigning 
at the time of Gylon's transaction (j-f. Lys. xvi. 4, ^/loi yip i nariip wpi t^i Jr 
'E\A-iiair^i-f»p aofupapis is S,iTaptir t4c is Tl6vTif Siainjiiapiyavt ^(sire^iirt), and 
was, like others of his race, moat friendly to the Atheniana. Cf. Dem. xx. 33, 
ta' tlitpyiniKcr &/ia! aLros ari/p (iji. Leucon, the then ruling Spartocid) xal 
airh! kqI -rpSyovoi, and Isocr. xvii. 5, g. 47, in which passages the representn- 
tioa is that the relatione between Athens and Satyrue are so close that he may 
depend upon his wishes being respected at Athena. CIG. No. 107 is an hono- 
rary decree in regard to Spartocua IV. On the Spartocidae, see Clinton, Fasti 
EelUnid, n. pp. 330 fl. 

Aa Nymphaeum was only reverting, in the wcakneaa of Athens, to its ni 
nil and original anbordinntion to the pnncea of the Bosporus, It could ca 
no international unpleasantness, though it might furnish a handle against the I 
agent in the transfer. ITor traces of Greek life in (iiis region, sea L. Slephani 
in Compte-ReadH de la Commimoa Aref.iolo<f!que, St. Petersburg, 1869-1681. 

171. 6. H i((r«YY^'<K: not in B and some other Mss. Rejected by BS., 



R., F,, Bens., Simcox. Relained by Bckk., S., Bicmi, Champlin. — After iy^ 
rtro W. with S. omits ea'drov KUTayyaaOiinos aSiToi (e, aaviraj. 

176.8. Aft^r i^ol«i W. omiti tCrl yip koI StiAlai 7pa4>ul, in all Uu.aiid 
eilitt.. except that e 1 hare H for yip, and 1 omits mal. 

177. 5. After ixarBpBwBitsiTiit W. makes his largest excision. All Mm. 
and editt. with trifling variations have toiii /<(> y&p woritpniii ai ^'4 norf jiArlout 
■Mi^o-iTt, roij >i xpijoToli til rij)' iox'^'"''!'' oflu^foy ^pfinAttTt. A and B (except 
a) lack Tilp. W,'s objection to tlie paHsagi? is that it breaks the connection in 
tho argument, whereas the same thought is expressed appropriatetj at | l3ci_^n. 
But tliia objection rests upon tlie a^Bsumptioa that Aeschines never added 
irrelevant remarks. 

ISO. I ff. TJ imtit'iov . . . viKav; the Fayum Frag, is against this reading 
of W. and Cob., and in favor of tlie Msa. and erJilt., which have the arL before 
each sdj. and in t^s rtxTis fur thai rb vntar. It is bUo against W.'s omission 
nf liraaKtJy after 1i9i\iiafi; § tjgjin. Its own credit is somewhat weakened bj 
the retention of nari in rap^Karaeenfrai of the Mas., editt., and W". 1872. 

181. 4. SoXariEva: B., Sa\an7ri. The Fayum Frag, give* the curioua com- 
prnmise SAAAMINAI. 

181. 6. W. omits TBit PapSip"'! because in A h it stands after, and in B 
before viniiaas. He oUo omits S oStoi after wn^oo!. The Fajuin Frag, has 
both these, being in the former case against W.'s favorite canon. The same 
authority is against W.'s omission of 6 tUauit xaKoi/iteat after *A)9iirTcISt|t S' in 
line 7. It agrees with A, iriKa\oiiitm. 

183. 11. ^\a(i.panv JfLov ^im iivio-e^voL : this reading of f and some other 
Mas,, though defended by F. in his preface, and Cobet, on Hyperid. Epitaph., 
p. 36, has found a place in none of the editt. except S. and B. The usual 
reading, followed by W., is iXatiBarav ,- In &idv ian ^jjoflSriu, The Faynra 
Frag, sustains the reading of the text with the omission of iirti. 

183. 1. The Fayum Frag, agrees nith A h and W. in retaining £ taiSpit 

184, 18&. The usual order of these epigrams in (he Mss. and editt. of both 
Aesch. (including the Fayum Frag.) and Plul. Cim. 7, is Ist ^v Spa «tA., 
2d iiyi/iSrtna, Si ktX., 3d (k toti htK. See E. A. Richter in Jahrb. XC, (1866), 
pp. 30-3i. 

186. 9. n-irif ^po^ijvai; here W.'s canon is brilliantly justified by the 
Fayum Frag. A h have yprufT)vai rptirre, B ipcSrv -ypa^Mi. W. omits, of 
course, rpir^- The Fayum Frag, omits this as well as air^. Nepos, Mill. 0, 
prima, favors the retention of TipiT^. Pliny, N. B. xxxv. 34, mentions other 
generals in the picture. 

187. 1. After ^i)Tp^if W. omits nith e 1 and S. Trapl ri SaaMuTitpia-. 
187. 12. After irpHrt'daAADpW. omits with Ilamaker to7i KaTaXaPni'ii 1io\4ir. 

Adam, p. 43, would omit also Stc . . . vpoTiSaXKof. 

189. 7. After iptrir W. omits ^r «b1 ."i-.™ ffTf^a.oB^i^. A h n 


196. 2 f. After IrtiiHia W. omit» with 8. Tpd^f^arri n (not in A b) npi 
Tsiii yi/tout. A and B contain slso DTE^urauv bi^fcire rut, but this la rejected 
by RioRt editt., bracketed by Bekk., Bremi, retained bj R. Before m/yica- 
TeAfldyTBj' elh hare i»i ^uXiji omt^. B k have airif aii #i;*.Si if'*'' iriryxttrtk- 
Oirrar, which ie adopted by tlie editt. All except R., Bekk., and Dobioa 
change auT^ to ainf. 

195. 6. KOTiXWvnis i W. for ^/pouqj of Mas. and editt. After liiXaimi' 
A h hare yfidipovrd tj iraph -rovi »r{^ai;r. B hafi napa rahs tifiout ypdpamii ti. 
W. omits. The other editt. except Bekk. follow B, Cob. agrees to all of W.'b 
omissiona in tbia acction, and would omit also in . . . <nyicaTt\86traii and 

190. 3. After tipufiUmf W. omits ir tie npurarrlif. 

19T. 1, ELKal^ <ruvT)Y<>PV' ^V' retains Smalf with A b, thoagh gma bare 
rurTTfipv Jikhi^p. W, omita with A h «al a^pon, contained in the other Msi, 
after Jualy. The editt., except R., Bekk., Bretni, and Champlin, read rainrripv 
Vttedif Kal oii^povi- 

197. 7. |»i : retained by W., though not contained in A h. Adam, pp. 28 ff., 
arguea at length for the correctneaa of A h, taking hieir rh itapivoiiav of the 
action of a jury in putting a atop to illegal measures by a condemnation, as 
in § 8. 8. 

198. 2 f. e omits riir apyiiii . . . i^^ot airt'i, which is clearly a carelesaness 
that spoils the meaning of the pasaage. B and some other Maa. omit tptnr 
airti. The editt., which all retain it, put it before tiiiair bxtii, inverting tlie 
order of A. This seems necessary in order to preserve the climax. 

198> 3. For a collection of caaca of anaphora and antiatrophe in Dem., see 
Rehdantz, Drm. Inder, I. p. 168. 

801. 7. After iK>lv„» W. omits iBiXt-rt a.«.).ir. W. 1872 retains WKrrt. 

S02. 3. After TrpoaiixfBi A h have a-nfiiaTAv, B Kaiavpyot &r9pimroy, which 
is followed by the editt. — iflofi«*ov . ■ ■ dviupTi'irHiV : W. has followed the sug- 
gestion of Bake and Cob. ao far aa to bracket. The repetition from § i6 was 
the canae of suspicion. Theae critics do not believe that the repetition of 
phrases is characteristic of Aescbtnes, but has been foisted upon him by bun- 
gling or unscrupulous copyists. To eradicate this feature, tiowerer, they must 
go farther than they bare yet done. Line 2 is like § 200, R. Line T like § ig%. 
3. § loi. 4 is like § 237. 4. § (41. in. like § 239. 4. g 214. 6 like § 246. 6. 
g 179 Jjn. like §232>H. 

SOS. 9. airo\oY<t(rfai ■■ the const, is complicated by W.'s dropping of B'i- 
Ktrtu B, SouAdit' ttf A h, after ri-rf. Cob. retains RoiK^ai, but rejects Boi- 
Xnai in line 10, with the remark, Quis in tali verhorum campoai- 

207. 1. a . . . Tavff ! W. * . . . Toiff. A h have toW, which led W. to 
change S. also to sing. This is prob. one of tlie careless errors so common 
in A b. Greek usage favors the pi, W. 1ST2 follows all editt. in having 
the pi. 


20S. 3. (I r«l ^rav S^uti. : W, ,1 „Ut gli iaM. W. 1873 follows the editt. 
n the resdiog of tlie text. The odIj Mb. Tuiation ii that A h hare tl S^oioi 

W. with h k. el give the cnrioiia form « 
i-rpii^are and the additioD in r^t To\iTtfai. This ii 
eicept R., who has, on very weak Ms. authority, ( 

209. 3. «pitYpiu|H 
lowed by all editt. 

210. 3. After KTijiri^ur W. omitB 6 3' iyi,r oiiK irliiriros. 
interr., tin being controlled hj the previous oi;^, as in § 132. i 
Ti^TjToi, I.e. one in which the penalty was to be fined by the jury. W. renmrk* 
that one would hardly say aix 6 iyiir ou« inl/mras, and that tlie faut expressed 
hy the words is utterly irrelevant. Both these statements are disputable- 
All editt. retain the phrase. W. also omits oikt kc/iI t^t ouiifai, which B plac 
after ou 3", A h after inri^ias. The editt. follow B. 

212. 6. viirnu: W. with B., Bekk., Dobaon, Bremi, Champlin. It it lack- 
ing io the other editt. and in B. It is, however, in thorough keeping with 
Aesohines' spirit of eiaggeralion. 

212. 11. OH >(«|nXi]V oUd *po'vi)8ov: W, hag oi Mc^nXJir iU.k Ktifi\auiv, 
aiiSi Tp6'jmtav iMti, rpiffoiow, following a suggestion of Westermann. 
says, "Of Weslermann's reading the only thing one can say is thai it ia a 
great pity that Aeschinea did not write it." But docs not the Mas. reading 
express more forcibly tlie same idea as the conjecture? 

222. 7. S WOT.: Adam. W. has 4 irore; A h, iir-Tt; B., Ste; Cobet, Bry. 
Stdtc and 3tc leave the deacription too indefinite. In if hbti and trf the 
dative is objectionable, as the comparison should be made with the Latede- 
moniaa ficet, whieh was the one blotted out. To this also the number ' sixly- 
Sve' seems to point. Diod. iv. 34 gives this aa the number of Lacedemonian 
ships, while the Athenians, ace. to hia account, bad eighty.three. Cobet feels 
this difBculty, and inlercliangea i^4iKovTa and otSo^vdi^s in Diod. In the 
present reading which differs from A h only in the spacing of Da-arc, Aoiiiiaifio- 
rlevi Kol ni\ku, though an unusual CBse of appos., seems required to make S, 
the obj. of the verb, more definite. 

224. This section affords an unusual number of differences between W. and 
the textus receptus. Giurrpi^XHi 
typa^ai. — irap i^ Kal wot* cv "Q.fn^ waTq^difav: BS. wai vo^p^ ru aur^ iy 'npef 
tuTfiyau. After iviBaf-fs BS. have SvSpa ■pi\a>- Kal iiroy naiaii^iya,. k(J. After 
TtfHc'irrairaii B8. have t^b iiKX-tirtav. W. makes the omission in line 6 because 
A h have hot' ifipb! •pi\ov na) (Jyev. 

226. 8. DYoSov |j.i)EJv inwai,i]Kin : W. i-yaSoS /liv ^T|i' iris. A h have ^uigtiv 
xtToiJjiciij, B irfToiTjJtAi ^ijBfV. W. 1872 simply changed the reading of A h 
to fitiS' tr. His reasons for the later change are not diaeerniblc. 

228. 3. S^Mv Kol hAwt' iyavwcrfSv : W. 1872 has e« instead of ti^-v. W/a 
only reason for differing from the vulgate, kyanuerui /inAioTo, is the following 
slight variations in the Mas. 1 /d\iina iyavanTi, c k h i^iXunn iya-'aicTvr, 


B dyanufTBi' tii\uTTa. The rtading uf ] (the question of order spftrt) Beemi 
to be BulMtantiated by comparisoa nilh tbe other Mas. 

228. 4. vir' JkiIvkv oO in]\<to4a( •tii|cn : W. /Kciyar <pa,yi au icDAeliraiu. W. 
1872 has ixeiyiiti ifialt -p^aiy oi Kn\f',a-e<3.\. The reading licre adopted ia that 
of B and the edill. The reading of A h, inttxas ^loli' o6 KnKf'n; does not join 
well with the mid. airiWuaBai. 

330. 3. niv niXiv oLyoB' ilfryt^Vou : W. 1672 keeps the vulgate, except 
that tJjf tJAii', tiie reading of A h, ia preferred to Tjj riku of B. Cob. declares 
that ipyiifoitki and not KaT(frTiJf*ir0H is necessary in sucb combina lions, and 
that hyaBi or *a«cl is also necesaarj to define the verb, W. accepts this, 

880. 9. [Eld . . . ii|u'pav] • Herwerden, Mnemos.. V. p. 194, agrees with W. 
in regarding this as a gloss. It is contained in all Mss. and editt. 

232. 7. KvitXbivt \6pvi» : wliile tbe dithyramlilc cborus retained the original 
circular form, the dramatic chorus wne clianged to an arrangement hj ranic 
md file, with a view to certain evolutions. See A. Miiller, BUhr\raaliertiimer , 
in Hermann's Gr. Aaiiq., pp. 202 tf. Cf. Toil. iv. io8 f. 

28S. 7 (, After AratrW. omits Si' aiirhf yip olfuu yiyam ri i^ifriiiiii of the 
Msa. and editt. After ytiiyiiTst he omits ^ yip i^^si i^mtiis c;)^p(Tai, also 
contained in all Mbb. and editt. Both phrases seem to be of the nature of 

284. 7 fl. Ksn'Xiio-av : W. <iaTtKiiM<""- W. 1872 gives the same reading 
with the note "Ah KoniKwav" (really ace. to S. and Bekk. KxTlKttiaar). So 
other edit, even mentions W.'s reading as in any Mss. — tv<x<(p>'&: W. <■>•«- 
Xtlpii', which he himself bas confessed to be a lapaus calami (Jahrh. 
CXVII. 1878, p. 853). 

248. 8. oniXt: all Mss. and editt. have ircvTctc, which, differing from the 
Dsnat word iirt'icoifK, has given some question. F. in his preface noted Bake's 
scruples with approval. W. 18T2 has liiipdnpt. 

246. S f. STipfcna: A h liave Sii^iJiria SUain, B and all editt. S^/tiaia unpu- 
•fliixTa, By tbe disagreement of (lie Mss. and the appli<;ation of W.'a method 
(see Introd. to critiual notcE) the gloss stands revealed, and the original ex- 
preaaion gains eomprehensivcneBB nnd force. — ipsTi^s Imxa,: W. with A h. 
It and all editl. add ,ai lu-ipayaBiat nal fiontas. 

247. 1. 0((iipav|uvoi, ovTut W. with Ah Bt^pavrnt . . . oSrv, understand- 
ing a lacuna. The reading of the text, that of B and the editt., closes the 

250, 1. After tawir A h have upti' ilru SottT, B SsKtl iyTv thai. All 
editt. contain it in one order or another. — Sti; most editt. with a g m have 
•I. a in this case agrees nilb A h and is followed by W. and Bckk. ei, how- 
erer, teems more in keeping with Aeschincs' usage in this combination, which 
Is a favorite one with him. Cf. §§ 158, 230, 242, 244, 258. 

2fi2. 2 ££. ix^o/iai . . . iKt\t7<'. W. with A h. The editt., following B, give 
SX^ofoi ji ro\xdKis ii.iiinip,ivBS riji aTuxtas tiji WAeogt, /rraif iyi/f Jtidn)!, tj 
iKwMTv, usually (ix^oMoi . . . irdAiuri), 



252* S, After tUrayy^Mhi A h have Ktd laou ahr^ ai ^^ iyipom, B mI 
Uai ai 4^^ ain-ip tfivorro, Oa account of this yarying order W. omits. 
After /Ja the Mss. and editt. have tJi6vov, W. follows Harpocr., s.v. ivu ^ol 
After &y W. with S. omits ^ kir49avtv, contained in Mss. and editt. except Bens., 
who following Harpocr., /.c, has koL itir^Bwtv, 

256* 1. Most editt., while repeating the remark of F., nonnulla exci- 
disse ridentur, do not make the lacuna evident in the text r 

257* 7. After hnjuncpartav W. with S. omits &ydpa ipiXSiro^ov ncol ¥Ofio$ini9 
ity906p at a gloss. After ffo»^p6y»s W. omits &s trpov^Ktv ahrf. 





t - 


The reference! W Ihe Introdoctlon nre by page* ; other r*f 

ren=e. -re 10 »e=Uon «d line 

Dcei st^nerally ladlcaW Ibsl tbs 

Ibe IKitu; but wme vords s 

nd phnuK. ot freguent occum 

UlmUmU Amchlnca' lOCHbala 


dyoOD^ixil. 'Sl-ia- 

oiTijs nij! dXijetlot, 60. 

dwiiniSdv, 149. 5, 173. 

9, 207. 8. 

ll. 144. 8. 147.8. 10. 


auTDirxtEK^iLV, I5S. 7. 

AYa«i»., 142. 

dfamSflnv, igi. 4. 

4, 10, I47. 6. 160. 6. 

d»oppno-«. 32- 1- 



•LvanVwiv. i66. 5. 

i^opi 27. 6, HI. 6, 

.76. 3. 

oua of Demoslhe- 

dV-voUTip. iSo-S. 

nesj. 99. 1. laj. 7, 

alt with attributive par- 

157. U, ai2. 11. 


tip, ,93. 5.136.5,127.4. 

8, 240. 8. 

iii(|iV<1irnM, 148. 10, 

iCO-ixa. J37. 12. 

iSo, 2. 

fiiu-Tus, 220. 3. 

£ftuTM, 131.2. 

airo8<KTOi, 35. 7. 

137.5, 152,8,250.9. 

alptlv. 59. 9. 

iiroS.'x«re(w, 125, 3. 

aiptns, 13.3., 19.4. 83. 5. 

ipo«XoVT,»dy, 1.5.5. 

airoEoiti|iiil(iv, 211.4. 


■,.'pa. 18. 4. 


atroXoyurfuii, Z47' 2. 

YtpalpiLV, 190.6. 

256. 1. 

dirDW^inirSai. 235. 7, 

•H*"^!. 230. i- 

«W«. 99. 2. 

253. B. 

Tfo'ns, 137- 3, 207. 3. 

d^ppflai, 72. 3. 

218. 8. 


ipSlv,93.3.'36.4, 143. 

■ 5?. 10. 

aX« H]s iriiXtw. 224, 0. 

7, 145.3. 158.8. 

8atpi««-, 117,5. 

lUinifKos, 131.7,157.8. 

dp«rT<Co, 212.3. 

SiiMivd, 244.6, 250. 1. 

aXofli ,i.,Ga|»>v, 32. 5, 

apX.Lv, I5.2,24■■^■ 



'ipX'i. 13 ff. 

dj«T|tw»re«i», 208. 10. 

dpxiiv fipx"*. 26. 0. 



incniMiinivn, 7&' ■?■ 


1 6, 39. 1,70- 3. "3- 2- 








(UoTUt- >op. 'o- 3. 

197. 5, 198. 3, aoo. 8, 


14. 10, 29. 6. ■ 

201. 7, 208. 4, 220. 3, 


irpiisijGoviivWTfi'V, 127- ■ 

6. Z48. 6, 249. 6, 250. 




,[,ra-nAX..y, 3. Q, "3. 

,i- for ,[«'. '85.2. 1 

7, 252. 7. 

T^r»xla, 216. 1. J 




TiSniiJoia, 22.2,27.2. 

171. 8, and App. 


insi^ttv, 163, 1, 194. 11. 

e«l K<uvo£, 2o8. 13. 

IkiIvos, 59. -I, 16S. 4. 

e«nio«Tai, 13- 6, 38. *. 

6, 207. B. 

tiMrotilTOV ytviirioi, 21. 

40. 3. 

GuLStKOd-Io, 146. 3. 


Tri e<«p^K0'v, 24- 10. 

Siaet<r«<u, 21, 8. 

eriplov. iSz. 3. 

E.<w«mSy. 15. 1- 

i|.itt.piq., 228. a. 

£vc« Bopjpo«, 2. 7, 201. 

Gi«o*(a, 13.4. 


BKHroXiTivHreav, I54. 9. 

■vara, 225. 7. 

ein-.lQV. 122.9. 

d Giairpa{a|uvof , 179, 9, 

iSo. 0, 232. n. 


fSuinji, 3. 10, no. t. 

31. 3, 36. 4, 58. *, 44. 

Wx.rf<u, 175. 7, 

(14-9. US' 8, 158- 1. 

e. 204. 3. 

.njpitTai, 120. 7. 

214. 2, 233. 3. 232. S. 

Guix<4>»to*(b> 39. *■ 

o[ (e«e.v, 56. 3, Z07. 7. 

Iva )iii ainnrXaVB il|iat 

&Ki TTJs wiro9<tn»«, 

i£A€w, 111.5. 

176. fi, 190. 1. (^ 

GpaW-ni*. 152-4- 

«Vl6liT.B ^P&v. 122.8, 

76. 10. 

Gworrila, 3. 10, 143. 6, 

and App. 

toT, Kal diwl^i, 83. 2. 

'33- 6- 

iir^PoXw .'mP<iXX..», 

loTt«ptl.rfa^. s6. 1. 


GvVKa\of , 59. 7, 

KiiipoVS' 1.54.6. 55-6, 

.•m,»'\.ua, 13. 4. 

B, 56.8, 57.9, 58.4, 

105.8, 143.4, 170.3, 

(TTMrniTiii, 4. 8. 

60. 8, 56. 7, 79. 2, So. 


JmnfiCa und driiila, 

4, 92. 4, 94. 1, io6. 1, 

210. 4. 

137.6, 141- 2, 142.1, 


(irufr«'p«rfi«, 172.2.,13,164. 

Jir^H 192. 11- 


129.1.9,149.4, 156.7. 

Vvtleiv, 45- 1- 



/paws, 251, 6. 

6, 226. 3, 10, 237. 10, 

JPY<A«P«1>. 33- *■ 

239. 5, 254. 1, 5. 

.'Ti'pa iroXmla, 220. 1. 

KiSap^, 211.8. 


aU^^. 170.1. 

5, 200. 7. 

.IjiTiG.SXnpth', 143.7. 

if ^T., 114.7, 183.6. 

Kavo, 120. 7. 

tlKOTI^, 64. i, 161. 3, 

346- ». 

1. C/. 166. i. 



F Kara with gen., 213. 5. 

|MTpio-n]t, 133. 12, aiS. 

muB^to, 117. 5,14s. 10, 1 


170. 5, 208.6, 260.2. 1 

I KonutovSuXt^tiv, 2og. 9. 

ira.6€Wlv, 134. 8, I4S. 1 

1 . xarairXamv, 17S. 9. 


10, 154.2,246.7,9. 1 

1 KKTOMrinv, 73- ^- 

Il-i ir. . . . riXXri, 46. 6, 

167, e. 

f KaTax«'poTo»la, 52. 10. 


Xap^v, 14a 9, .92-8. 

iraXaicrfia SiNairTTipIwv. 


fxapii.jg.Q, 101.6,166. 


3, 212. 5. 

.irop- oiBiy iXhty, 258. 

k 104.7,126.4,173.10, 

^ll(, 86. 7, 220. 


1 217.2,240.0. 


|iLtr8oGa'Ti]5, 21S. 7. 

irapaSofoXoYta, 132.3. 

HiiraXi'iavBiwj, 66. 5, 

™pae.-o8aL, ISO. 3. 

r 8, ftna App. 


KOkVQ- teal [Glf, I20. B. 

^uroTvparvos, 9:2. 2. 

8S- 12. 

. Kotvwvla, 145' *■ 

[iuj-oi|iDLnnros, 66. C, 73. 

ndpoXoi, 162, 2. J 

Kp«pJXM. u8.2. 


KVuXwlXOpO'. 232'''' 

piVllVLKIUUtV, zoS. 7, 

251. 2. 
irap<i,»d|«.v Ypo+ii. 5 K-- 

vat, 48. 3. 

199. 3- 

mentary partic, 5. 6, 

val dXXd, 22. 1, 23. 1, 


34. 1. (68. 1. 

S, 220. 3, 237. 12. 

«Jpio», 25. 7. 

Xuo-nit T£»irpaY|«iT«y, 

wuTipCItiv, 225. 4. 

8, 73. 8. 


«twe^Ti]t, 6. 10, II. 1, 

irafKLTofii, 1.2,88. 4. 

4, 16. 1, 20. 10, 26. 3, 



31. 2, 33., 

■■"Pfw"*. 17Z. 7, 229. 

Xi,^a(v,Tfl<u, 7. 7. 



ov Xvin](><iv (1, 230. 7. 

0, 176. 1. 

mpnriiTtty. 160. 7. 

vo|ioWTai, 39. 3, 40. 4. 

twYo*, I37. 2. 

iroXiTiKni £iiva,ii», 98. 2, 

(uiXXov U, io«. 2, 113. 

147. 3. 


<SX>Yapxucos, 168.7, 170. 

irfmY|«iT(ta, 13.8, i6.2. 

0, 207. 8. 

irpodYuv, 67. 3. 


AwW, 199. 1.210. 1. 

.,rpoPov'Xo.K<i,p.24, 125. 


fmni i^v ■ . . orav It. 


(MOTryinlno, 125. 4. 


Smts &¥, 39. 8. 

<tHr|ia, 126. 2. 

in before dir. quot.. 

irp<«6pta, 76. 3, 154.14. 

10. C/79. 1. 

22. 7, I2Q. 1, 186. 0, 

irpd.Bpol, 2. 3, 4. 8. 

IMTlXflltv, 107. 10. 


irpo.Sp<.^)wra ^ij, 4. 

(rfTpiOl,!!. 7,61. 7,170, 

oi con I rolling another 


r 1- 

oJ, 240.2. (^144.1. 






11.3, 12. 1,67.7,70. 

<r£4«mis, 16.6. 

Oi TpiOKo'o-Wl, 222. 3. 

4, 71. 8, 24S. 2. 

ffTOo-w, 206. 2. 


npova^o. 108. 6, and 

■rT<^viTM irtmin. 179. 

TVX1, 232. 2. 



TUXO'W, IQ. 5. 

irpo|<«'a. 41. 1. 

<rTpaTTi\.ov, 146. 4, 5. 

<n,t<t<^<xkau,vv. 59. B. 

250. 4. 

irpo'i "ith acc, 144. 4, 

212. 5. 


™p=,^, .0. 11. 

wpOTpOmKlJv TfAi 0(H- 

5, 256. 0. 

JiTipoptlHrBBi, 13J. 11, 

"tv, 154. e. 

(uru>co<^VTi|Tos, 216. 3. 

244. 7, 252. 8. 

TJ (Twt'Spiov (uf the 


AmphictjoDB), 116. 

202, 2. 

10, .17.2,254.3. 

vwiufcivos, 9 ff. 

wpiJrtH KcU fio'vos, 76. 4, 

77. U (inTerted). 

Atheiikn allies), 58. 

liiroWiiwiv, 67. 8, 166. e. 

2. 6:. 3. 

Jir»,|«Hr[o. p. 32. 

|u.o*'vi]v. 54.2,57.8, 

ruvco-it, 260. 1. 

189.1,115.2,217. 2, 

225. 6, ai8. 1. 

OWTlVpOS, 37. 1, 197. 1, 

4.^()«v, 82. 8, 90. 2, 146. , 

.99. 4. 


Mriip (usually u > 

(ni'vTolis. 91. 11. 

4n]irl interjected iato ■ 

terra of disparage- 

(TXirXidtuv, 146. 8, 244. 

tl,e8ei.t.,.4.4,i:o.4. ■ 

ment), 2. 6, 4. 6.7.7, 

i, 258. 3. 

ct>iXtinr(t«v, 130. 0. ■ 

9. 8. 16. e, 11,20.8, 

^iXin-tluto^tu, 20. 6. B 

3". 8. 33. 2, 55. 4, 73. 

TO|i(a«, 27. 10. 

<|KX«i^fa, 19. 6, 23. 8. ■ 

6, 130.4, 170.6. 204, 

ToJlB Xiwitv, 7. 10, 152. 

4, 155- 4, 175. T. '76. 

45.7,212.5,255.2. ■ 

4, 253. 

' 2. 

2, 181. 5, 244. 2, 253. 

inSilpoI, 166. 4. 

T€ixo*o">», J3- 3. 24. 4. 

Xiip'v ttSt'wu, 47. 9, 

1 D-KniiiYBryttv, 80. 0. 

TipaTiOfi-v. :6o. 3. 

X<if)i.v KaraSiir^ai, 42. 7. 

^K(voVT|in], 25. 7. 

TfX»'TTls Uyuv, 200. 7. 

Xopw x^fl'Tat, 333, 8.. 

[ S«hi», 172, 10. 

Tt^Htrw. 197, 8. 

XopTi-yrtv, 240. 0. 

^^^ SK«L,.i72.a. 

TLV^S, I. 3, 

X«(^Yo's. S2. »- 


The references to pages are to the Introduction and Appendix. 

Acamanians, 97. 7, 256. 

Actors at Athens, p. 

Adoption at Athens, 21. 

Aeschines acquitted of 
treason, p. 18. 

actor's career, pp. 7, 

age, p. 1. 

Andocides, indebted- 
ness to, I. 1 and 

anticipation of De- 
mosthenes' points, 
p.27, 13. 1,17. 1,55. 
11, 189. 1, 216. 1, 4, 
225. 4, 228 in, 

argument on the 1st 
count of the indict- 
ment, 31 Jin. and 

attack on Amphissa 
extempore, 119. 8. 

authority in Amphic- 
tyonic matters, p. 

boasts of having con- 
victed Demosthe- 
nes, 125. Q, 221. 7, 
222. 4, 224. 6. 

bolder with lapse of 
time, 61. 4. 

brothers, p. 6. 

capabilities, p. 29. 


champion of law and 
democracy, i. 3, 8. 
14, 22. 9, 37. 1, 197. 

citizenship, p. 4. 

clerkship, p. 6. 

commissioner to Del- 
phi, p. 19. 

contradicts himself, 

73 iw. 
conversion to the 

peace-party, p. 9. 

defeat in the suit for 
the Crown, p. 26. 

delay in attacking De- 
mosthenes, 217 m. 

demagogic art, 239. 4. 

drama, familiarity 
with, 4. 2, 23 Jin., 
109. 6, 209. 3, 212. 

editions of, pp. 246 ff. 

education, p. 4. 

education, pride in, 
117. 6. 

Embassy, Oration on, 
pp. 18, 29. 

embassy to Pelopon- 
nesus, p. 9. 

epilogue, 177 in. 

exaggeration, 25. 8 f., 

51.4, 150.6, 2I2.6ff. 

father, pp. 1-3, 191. 6. 
Fayum fragment, pp. 
246, 264. 


feud with Demosthe- 
nes begun, p. 15. 

hopes of victory, p. 

ignores Demosthenes' 
Olynthiacs and First 
Philippic, 58 in, 

illogicalness, 99. 10, 
134. 6, 141. 3. 

inaccuracy in history, 

inconsistency, 76. 3. 

indictment of Ctesi- 
phon, p. 22. 

indignation at Delphi, 
118. 6. 

indignation against 
Philip, lack of, 80. 
" insincerity, pp. 23, 26, 

life without honor, as- 
serts the worthless- 
ness of, 217. 9. 

Macedonia, leaning 
toward, p. 17, 66. 2, 

manuscripts, pp. 246 f . 

marriage, p. 7. 

military career, p. 4. 

mistakes, p. 26, 49. 1, 
202. 9. 

mother, pp. 1-3. 

motives in the suit 
for the Crown, p. 22. 



Aeschines' stjle. 

Aeschines' style. 

originality in reTiling, 

<i»aS(irXu(nt, 75. 6. 

double expressiOD, 

lack of, 167. 1. 

'33' 1- 


party leader, never, 

anaphora, 198. 3. 

dulness, 49. 1. 

p. 25. 

antistrophe, 198. 3, 

202. 7. 

gle offence, 12. 7, 

3. 11. 

apostrophe, 53. 0. 

34. 4, 91.11,94. 1, 

appos, tosent.,49. 6, 

204. (i, 209. 11. 

p. 3. 

124. B, 161. a, 169. 

prai«e of old times, 


elimination by sub- 

231. 7. 

0, 245. 7. 

traction, 45. 8. 

preacher of riehteoas- 

srgunient a fortiori. 

aesi. 154- S. 

.38 f.,2. 

prof eases to know 

argument from pre- 

I'hilip'B intentions, 

cedcDtB. 193, 8. 

fervid rhetoric, 94. 


asyndeton, 62. 3, 94. 


prndery, 162.8,174.1 

7, .ai. 2, 235. 6, 

gnomic element, 78. 

teserration of deep 

237. 5. 238. 7. 

«, 174. 6. 

though Is, 260. 6, 

imperfect, use of. 

retiiion of the Ora- 

35. 8, 125 .n., 174. 

118. 7. 

tion against Clesi- 


Mo«, pp. 27,28. 24. 

flearneaa, lack of, p. 

homoioteleuton, 78. 

4, 3:. 5 and App., 

30, 28 ff., 251.6. 

2, 200. 7. 


cliniai, 121. 2, 147. 

insinuation, 31 App., 

skill, p. 30, 16. a B., 



H- 13. 53- B. Si- i. 

cognate ace, 2. 4. 

irregularity of const,,213.2, 

condition, logical. 



188. 5. 

labored, 35 £1. 

conditional clauses 

litotes, 234. 6. 

7, I37.6.i38f.,a35. 

contrasted, 158. 3, 

metaphore, i. 1, 35. 


230. 7, 24!!. i, *44. 


specific charges of 

5, 258. 6. 

8, 248, 5, 253, 7. 

venality against De- 

conditional sent., 

narrative, p, 29, 107 

mostheneB, 103 f„ 

apod. contrasted 



with prat., 241. 4. 
construction Kori 

oaths and exclama- 
tions, 137, 3, 228. 1, 

style, p. 30. 

irtvBnv, 133. 3. 


addrese, change of. 

oxymoron, 209. 10. 

1 239. S- 

162. 5. 

1 affectation of siui- 

dangerous flight. 

19. 3. 125 l"n. 

1 pticity, Gi. 0. 

259. 5. 

paraleipsis, 51,2. 

1 aggregation of claoB- 

Si«tJ«ww, 153. 1, 

■ es, 3. 1. 

157 in., 18a 5, 186. 

peroration nnnecea- 

1. 244- 4. 

earily flat, z6o in. 



Aeachines and DemoB- 

Arcadians as llieban 

perorfttioa, Broug- 

thenes contradict 

allies, 240. 3. 

hiim's Judgment of, 

each other, 58. 2, 

Areopagus, council of, 

257 in.. 260 m. 

71.8, 140. T. 

p. IB, 20. 1,8,51. i. 

knowledge of each 

207. 9, 252. 3. 

proof [rom prob»bil- 

ities, 46. 1. 

in advance, 189. 1. 

ArohinuB, 187. 3. 

mutual criliciBm of 

Aristides, 181. 7, 25S. 1, 

20. 4. 

style, 167. 2. 


quea lions and an- 

untrustworthy as 

Ariatodemus the free- 

Bwera, series of, 1 78. 

Bourcea of hiatoiy, 

booter, 83. 0. 


p. 10, 


Agia, p. 24, 165.31. 

194. 2. 

152.2,159.12, '93. 

Alexander, dangeratthe 

Army, corruption in the. 

5, X03. 3 App. 

opening of hia Asi- 

146. e. 

■imileB, 59. 2, 199. 0, 

atic campaign, 163. 

Atthmiua, 258. 5. 

zoj. 7, Z06. 2,229. 


Assembly, difficulty of 

11, 251. 2. 

dcmanda the surren- 

transition abrupt. 

der of Demosthenes 

241 IB. 

and other orators, 


161. 7. 

Athenians, offering at 

todem., 152.6. 

Alexander of Epirus, 

Delphi, 116.7 and 



superficinlitj, p. 28 f. 

i^mphiotyonic Council, 

Atliens, distrust of 

taking the jury into 

126. 7. 


hii confidence, 240. 

Amphiclyonic ^kkXi]- 



q^£a, 124- 3. 

fortifled after Chaero- 

Thebea, hatred of, pp. 

AniphipoliB, p. 11, 62. 

nea, 236. 8. 

17 f.. 125. 6, 142. 


iBolation of, 70. », 85. 


Amphiaaa, attack on 


Athens, p. 20, 116. 

special pro ri dence for, 

p. 25, 254. 5. 

battle of, and loss of 

130. 3, 232. 1. 

nnfairneas, 31 App., 

Athenian merce- 

Atrometua, pp. 1-3. 

159, in.. 210. 3 ft., 

naries, 140. 6. 

212. 0. 

resistance of, to the 

Bern a, separate for 

unfavorable impres- 

AmpbictfODB, 123. 

plaintifT and de- 

sion. 151 >.. 197. 


fendant, 207. 9. 


AnaiinuB, 223. Bf., 225. 

Boeotarcha, 145.4, 149. 

untruthfulness, 240. 




Anlipater, pp. 14, 24, 72. 

Boeotia untied, a bar to 

Tanity, p. 13. 


Philip's progreaa. 

Toice, 167, 2. 


142. 4. 

^^^WBftkness, i. 11, 219 w. 

Antiphon, the spy, 225. 

Byzantium, p. 19. 256. M 

^^bgrdioess, 3. 





r Calendar, 27. 5. 

Bemosthcnea, accession 


1 Callia., 8s ff. 

to power, p. 18. 

hospitality to Ibe 

^^^^ Cephalus, 194. 4. 

ander after the de- 

Toy«, 76. 3. 

^^^H CertoblepteB, pp. 13 S.. 


hoiue io Peiraeus, 

^^^P 65. 73 

161, 4. 


^^^ 74. 4-7, 82. e. 

barbarian Ticee, 81. 4, 

licentiouaneBB, 174.3. 

Cerycea, 18. 6. 

172. 11. 

Chabrias, 222- 7, 243. 7. 

eon fide nee o£ the 

151. 4, IS9. 4. 

Atheniana in, 152. 

4, 159, 10. 

longbiUs, 100. 2, 

Cimon, 183. 3. 

crowned twice before 

member of the pouXij 

Cirrha, 107. 1. 

the present suit, 40. 

twice, 62.7, 125. 8. 

^^ CiUtioni bj the oraton, 


metaphors quoted, 

^^^L perversions in, 49. 5. 

167. 2 and App. 

^^^H Cit;-c!erk, 15. 

denunciation of Ms 

mortgage from Ore us. 

^^^f Cleopatra, 342. 6. 

fellow ambaasa- 


^^^^ Cleophon, 150, 6, 

dora. Si. 6. 

mother, 169.3, 171.2, 

r CorraguB, :6s. 4. 

172. 0. 

I Craufllidae, 107. 3. 

167. 2. 

notoriotis and sclf- 

^^^ CriaB», 107. 1. 

disfigurement for 

confesaed crime s. 

money. 51. 4, 212. 


^^H note, p. 22, 


oratory, a treat to the 

^^H Ctesiphon'B bill, p. 22. 

disparagement of 

audience, 202. 6. 

^^^H renewed, 14. 3. 

Alexander, 160. S. 

^^^H read twice, 33. T, iSS, 

Erabaasy (second) , 



member of, 73. 6. 

^^^H Cteaiphon's Bpcech,20i. 

<ir«rTaTi]s toS voun- 



KoiJ, 222. 1. 

Persian money, re- 


Euboean policy, 84- 

ceiver of. 239. 3. 



policy mistaken. 167. 

father, 171.2. 




portrait statues, 207. 

^^^H BedicHtioD of properlj, 

foreign correapond- 

6, 2SS. 8. 


ence, 250. 4. 

public life, reaponsi- 


forged letters, 225. 1. 

bility tor Introduc- 

^^^H Delphi, diaturbanee at, 

Uonof, S4-2, 197". 


public life, four peri- 

^^H Philip, p. 

great man of his gen- 

ods of, 54. 4 !f. 

^^^H Demadea, Peace of. 159. 

eration, ^47. 7. 

reticence, 125. 1. 


Hellenic policy, 93. 6, 

BcepticiBm, 130. 0. 

^^^P DemagogicartB in Attic 

142. 2. 

self-praise his danger. 

^^^B oratory, 4. 

hopefulnesa. p. 10, 91. 


3, 100. 6, 223. 8. 



skill, *j2jin, 
sophistry, 60. 3. 
spendthrift, 173. 2. 
statue at Oreus, 103. 

strategy poor, 146. 

suicide, 212. 1. 
superiority to Aeschi- 

nes, p. 25, 218. 2. 
TCixo^rotos, p. 21. 
Theopompus* unfav- 
orable judgment of, 

trierarchic law, p. 19, 

222. 1, 255. 10. 
trierarchy, 173. 2. 
Tvx^f discussion of, 

114. 8. 
untruthfulness, p. 2. 
voice bad, 209. 2, 

210. 2. 
weakness of body, 

255- 9- 
Dinarchus for once 

more piquant than 

Aeschines, 222. 1. 
Dionysia, Great, 41. 4, 

68. 7, 232. 7. 
Dionysiac Law, 35. 7, 

41 ff. 

grades of, 210. 4. 
Dithyrambic chorus, 

232. 7 and App. 

Education in Greece, 

135. 2, 246. 2. 
ctf>Tivo<|»v\aKcs, 159. 8 

and App. 
Elatea occupied by 

Philip, 129. 10, 140. 


Embassy to Macedonia, 
first, p. 13. 

Embassy to Macedonia, 
second, p. 15. 

Embassy, trial on the, 

c<^PcCa, 122^8 and App. 

Epigraphic exaggera- 
tion, 185. 6. 

Epigraphic material, ci- 
tation of, 184 in. 

Eponymi, 39. 2. 

Eubulus, pp. 6, 9, 18, 
25. 4, 8 f., 196. 3. 

Eumolpidae, 18. 6. 

Euripus proverbial for 
sudden changes, 
90. 3. 

Eurybatus, 137. 1. 

Eurylochus, 76. 8. 

Fines imposed by mag- 
istrates, 27. 4. 

Formula for public 
praise, 10. 7, 42. 4, 
49-6, 155-7, 189.11. 

Generals, 7. 6. 
Glaucus, 189. 4. 
Gylon, 171. 3 ff. 
Gymnastic training, 
246. 2, 255. 7. 

Halonnesus, 83. 4. 
Hegemon*8 Law, 25. 5. 
Hegesippus, p. 17, 82. 2, 

Hermae, porch of the, 

183. 6. 
Hesiod, quot. from, 135. 

Hieromnemons and Py- 

lagorae, 115. 3 and 

App., 116. 9, 122. 

3 f., 126. 6. 

Honors cheapened at 
Athens, 177. 4. 

Hunting, 255. 8. 

Hyperides, pp. 18, 19, 
79. 4, 81. 7, 113. 8. 

Idomeneus of Lampsa- 
cus, scandal-mon- 
ger, 162. 8. 

Infinitive in laws, 21. 3. 
by assimilation, 96. 3. 
of purpose, 1 14. 3. 

Illegitimacy a frequent 
charge at Athens, 
171. 2. 

Iphicrates, 243. 7. 

Issus, battle of, 164. 2. 

Juries at Athens, x. 1. 
Jurors' oath, 6. 11. 
Jurors addressed as sov- 
ereign people, 46. 5. 
Jury, corruption of, 

233- 7. 
method of procedure, 

X97. 6. 
tie vote, 252. 8. 

Lawsuits numerous at 

Athens, 2. 11. 
Leocrates, 252. 6. 
Leodamas, 138. 6. 
XiiroTa£Ca, penalty for, 

175. 6. 
Logic of events, 62. 10, 

X4X. 7. 
Lycurgus, Oration 

against Leocrates, 

252. 6. 
Lysias, citizenship, 195. 


Magistrates, drawn by 
lot, 13. 5. 
elected, X3. 6. 


Marathon and SalainU 



1 and PUtaea In the 

offer to make way tor 

contempt for Athens, 

L orators, iSi in., 259. 

opponents, 165. 12. 

p, IG note. 3z. 10. 

party leaders. 7. 6, 

desire fur alliance 

1 Hu^tM. 160. 6 and 

prefer recrimination 

with Athens and 

I App. 

to refutation, 233. 1. 

Thebes. 65. 1. 

quote from poets, 





tarj ijilem of 

lepetiUon, 6. 6. 

offer of pence to Ath- 

Greece, p. 11. 

wish to appear to 

ens before Chaero- 

Melrofin, 75. 7, 187. 1. 

speak extempore. 

nea. .48-e. 

MidiM, 52. 7, 115. *, 

57. 3, .77. 1. 

ratiScBtion of peace 

312. 10. 

Order of speakers in the 

of Fbilocrates, p. 

MiUtarj- seryice at Ath- 

aaseaibly. 2. 11. 


ens, p. 11, 147, 3. 

Orphans of soldiers 

Scythian campaign, 

Miltiadea, tS6. 7. 

wards of the State, 

p. 20. 128. 6. 

Mora of the Spartan 


TheriDopflae, ad- 

army, 243. 7. 

vance to, p. 12. 

Pancratium, 179.8. 

Pliilocbares, p. 6. 



Nicaea giTCn to Tlies- 

Thirty Tyrants, 


aaly by Philip, 140. 

191. 4, 235.8. 



Parmenio, 76. 8. 

Philon, p. Q. 

PataecioD, 139. 10. 

Phodan alliance, llS.2. 

NsTy of Athena formi- 

PaQsaniaa, Philip's as- 

Phocian towns de- 

dable to PhUip, 141. 

■asain, 160. 4. 

stroyed, p. 17, So. J 


Peace negotiations in 

3 and App. 

NaioB, Little of, 222. 7 

two agseraWies, 68. 

Phocians abandoned by 

and App. 


Athens in the peace 

Komothelae, 39 and 

Peitho, 156. 6. 

negotiations. pp. 


Pericles, p. 10. 256. 0. 


Nymphaeum, 171. i and 

Perjury equal to athe- 

PhocioD. general at By- 


ism. 2o8. 13. 

zantium, p. 19. 

Oaths. I la 2. 


chines, p. 18, 196. 

Olympias, 22^. 9. 

strength of, 163. 8. 


Olympicgames. 179. S. 

Fhalaecus, p. 14. 

Phormio, p. S. 

OlynthuB, p. 8. 

Phidias, ISO. 2. 

Phyle, 187. 11. 

Orators, aasume appear- 

Phiynondas. 137. 1- 

ance of fnlnesB of 

Philip, accession to the 

Plural of the speaker 

material, 260. 6. 

throne of Macedon, 

only, 8. 6. 

conceal their powers, 

p. 11. 

Plutarch of Eretria. 86. 

ziS, 6. 





Politics a harbor for 
those who had 
failed, 173. 6. 

Prizes for athletic con- 
tests, 179. 7. 

irpo«Spc vov<ra <|»v\t(, 4. 8 
and App. 

Prothesis, 8. 7, 54 in, 

Proxenus, p. 14. 

irpvrdvcis, 4. 7 and App. 

Prytaneum, honorary 
support in, 178. 6, 
196. 2. 

Public documents, 

praise of, 24. 13, 

Public life an educa- 
tor, 246. 3. 

Punishment deterrent, 
175. 10. 

Pyrrandrus, 139. 6. 

Pythian assemblies, 254. 

Reyision of laws, 38. 

Sacred war, p. 12. 
Senate (Pov\t{), secret 
sessions of, 125. 8. 

Sirens, 228. 4. 

Social war, p. 11. 

Socrates, 3. 3, 197. 6, 
208. 13. 

Solon, 2. 4, 108. 8, 175. 
5, 257. 6. 

Sparta, share in the 
spoliation of Del- 
phi, 133. 6. 
humiliated, 133. 8. 

Spartan rebellion sup- 
pressed, 165. 2. 

Stoa Poecile, 186. 1. 

Stratocles, 143. 8. 

Suicide in Greece, 212. 
1, 244. 8. 

Suits for iropavoCa by 
impatient heirs, 

Suit for the Crown, pub- 
lic interest in, p. 25, 
postponement, p. 23. 
renewal, p. 24. 

Taurosthenes, 85 ff. 

Theban alliance, indi- 
rectly due to Aes- 
chines, p. 21. 

Theban alliance, 
terms of, 143. 7. 
work of Demosthe- 
nes, 137. 6, 145. 4. 

Themistocles, 236. 8, 
258. 6, 259. 3. 

Theoric Fund managers, 
25. 5, 8. ^ 

Thersites, 231. 3. 

Thessalians adherents of 
Alexander, 161. 1. 

Thirty Tyrants, 235. 2, 

Thracian towns taken 
by Philip, 82. 6. 

Thrason, 138. 6. 

Thrasybulus (KoXXv- 

(Srfipuvs), 181. 6, 

195. 2. 
Timarchus, p. 18. 
Timotheus, 243. 8. 
Trierarchies at Athens, 

p. 11, 19. 6, 222. 1. 
TpiTTvfs, 30. 3 and App. 

Weidner's principle of 
text-criticism, pp. 



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Hy Clinncfllor Irving J. ManaH. Ph.D., LL.D., of the Univernty ofNcbnuta. 

Text Edition : UW pp. Paper, 20 (.-t*. 

Edition with Text and Notes t 300 pp. Cloth, (1.66. Paper, S1.35. 

Tlte /(Aiowing Volumes are in j>rei>iii-ation : 

A^soblars, Against Ctesiphon ; Avechylua, Fersiana and Promst/iwia ; 
Andoi'Idefi; Artstophnnes, Bi'ri/s and Knights: Euripidcfl, Alceatla nnd 
Iphigania among the Taurians: Hcrfdotua; Homer, /Had ami Od/ssef; 
Inu'liin, SflacM Dialogues : lij-curRun ; Iiyalns. Selected Orations : Pinto, 
6«rgias. Protagoras. Laelies and Suthyphn; Pliitarcb. Selected Lives; 
Thporrltus; Thurydldc*; Xpnopbon, Kamorabilia : New Teatamenl^ 
The Gospel of Joha anil Acta of the Aposllea. 
Boston, March. 1S88. 

CINN & COMPANY. Publishers, 

BosioH, New Yokk, 

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