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THE PUBLIC LIBRARY 
OF THE CITY OF BOSTON 
LONGFELLOW MEMORIAL 

COLLECTION- EM^Ma^ 
FROM THE YVND GIVEN BY 
MCTORINE THO^US ARTZ 



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FN670; 25; IM. 



^SOP'S FABLES: 

A NEW VERSION, CHIEFLY 
FROM THE ORIGINAL 
SOURCES. BY THOMAS 
JAMES, M.A., LATE HON. 
CANON OF PETERBOROUGH 



WITH MORE THAN ONE HUNDRED ILLUSTRATIONS 
DESIGNED BY TENNIEL AND WOLF 



'• Equidem omni cura morem servabo Senis 
Sed si libuerit aliquid interponere 
Dictorum sensus ut delectet varietas, 
Bonas in partes, lector, accipias velim.'' — Ph^edrus, 



LONDON 

JOHN MURRAY, ALBEMARLE STREET 

1911 






First Edition .... /uly 1874 

Reprinted iV/cy 1882 

Reprinted July i8gi 

Second Edition . . . May 1898 

Rep7-i7ited March 1907 

Reprinted October 1910 

Third Edition (i^.) September igii 




INTRODUCTION 

TO 

THE LIFE AND FABLES OF ^SOP 



IN the days of Croesus, King of Lydia, when Amasis 
was Pharaoh of Egypt, and Peisistratus lorded 
it over the Athenians — between, five and six hundred 
years before the Christian era — Hved y^SOPUS, no inapt 
representative of the great social and intellectual 
movement of the age which he adorned. 

Born a slave, with no outward circumstances of 
fortune to recommend him to the notice of the great, 
he forced his way by his mother-wit into the courts of 
princes, and laid the foundation of a fame, more 
universal, and perhaps more lasting in its influence, 
than that of all the Seven Wise Men of Greece, his 
worthy contemporaries. 

Up to this time, whatever wisdom from without had 
guided the councils of princes, had been derived from 
the traditionary lore of courts, or from the verses of 
bards, hallowed by time, or impromptued for the 
occasion. Writing was as yet only known in the 
inscription on the public marble, or on the private 
tablet. Religion and History were handed down from 
mouth to mouth, and, the better to be rememberec} 



Introduction 

were committed to metre. With the sixth century 
before Christ commences the era of Written Classic 
Literature. The great convulsion of the Eastern 
nations, and the first direct and sustained intercourse 
of the Oriental with the Grecian mind, tended to call 
forth all the latent energies of either people. New 
combinations of governments, and strange commix- 
tures of races, required new systems of politics, and 
more stringent and definite laws. Hence this is the 
age of Wise Men and of Prose. Even wealthy Croesus 
discovered that knowledge was power, and assembled 
around him from every nation all who had gained a 
reputation for superior wisdom. 

The flights of imagination began to give way to the 
serious business of life. It was an age of grave talkers, 
and inquisitive travellers, — -of gathering the works of 
the great poets to preserve the wisdom of antiquity, 
and of collecting facts for the use of the new order of 
things. Distinctions of birth and country were less 
heeded, and Wit was listened to even from the lips of 
a foreign slave. It was even able to emancipate itself, 
not only from the bondage of custom, but from actual 
bodily slavery, and /Esop came to the court of Croesus, 
from his old master ladmon, a free man — -working his 
way to fame by a more honourable road than that of 
his fellow-servant " Rhodopis the Fair," the celebrity of 
whose beauty and wealth at such a time, tells in a word 
how she had abused the one, and acquired the other.i 
^sop's fame had probably preceded him, but less as a 
Sage than as a Wit. He seems a stepping-stone between 
the poetry which had gone before and the prose that 
followed, making the politics and morals of the day 
his study, but clothing his lectures in the garb of 

1 Herod. II. 134, 135. 
vi 



Introduction 

Imagination and Fancy. There is no doubt that he 
quickly grew in favour with Croesus by the mode in 
which he imparted his knowledge. While Solon held 
the schoolmaster's rod over the philosophical monarch, 
yEsop conciliated alike his will and his reason by 
timely drollery and subtilely-conveyed advice.^ To 
this freedom from avowed dictation, was added a little 
well-directed flattery. He knew, that to be tolerated 
in courts, he must speak to please, or not speak 
at all ; ^ and when all the Seven Sages had given 
judgment, the Phrygian was sometimes set down as 
the best man of them all* 

If we should hence look upon him as little more 
than a court-jester, we shall be doing him great wrong. 
He came to amuse, but he remained to instruct ; and 
Croesus probably learnt more home-truths from his 
fictions,^ than from all the serious disquisitions of his 
retained philosophers. Wherever he went he lifted 
up his voice in the same strain. At Corinth he 
warned his hearers against mob-law, in a fable which 
Socrates afterwards turned into verse.^ At Athens, 
by the recital of " The Frogs and Jupiter," he gave a 
lesson both to prince and people.'^ His visit to 
Delphi seems to have had less of a political object. 
He was sent as a commissioner by Croesus to dis- 
tribute some payment due to the Delphians,^ and 
in the discharge of this duty incurred the displeasure 
of the citizens of that worlds-centre, — whose character 

2 ITai^aJV sv (TTTou^y. — Agathiae ^ ao<pols ixvOois Kai TXaafiaai 
Epigr. ap. Brunk. Kaipia Xi^as. Agath. Epigr. 

3 ujs vKirfTa fi u}s tj^iara.— ^ Plat. Ph?ed. c. 12.— IJioo^. 
Plutar. vit. Sol. p. 94. Laert. II. 42. 

^ fjiaWov 6 <t>pj)$. Suid. in ^ Phced. I. 2. 

voc — Apostolius Cent. XII. ^ Aristoph. Vesp. 1446,— 

^dag, Schol. ad loc, 

vii 



Introduction 

seems to have been at all times but little m accordance 
with the sacred privileges they assumed. Probably 
even more from fear of his wit than from displeasure 
at his award, — and judging from the event, without any 
plea of justice, — the Delphians raised against him the 
vulgar cry, too often successful, of impiety, and sacrilege. 
For once his ready weapon failed in its effect. He is 
said to have appealed to their reverence for the laws 
of hospitality, by the fable of *' The Eagle and the 
Beetle," the germ probably of the existing story : but 
he appealed in vain. Their craft was in danger ; and 
the enraged guardians of the temple of the great God 
of Greece, hurled the unfortunate fable-maker head- 
long from one of the Phsedrian precipices.^ 

He was not unavenged. Plagues cursed the scene 
of his murder, and the conscience-smitten Delphians, 
many years afterwards, seeing in their calamities, as 
well they might, a punishment for their evil deed, 
proclaimed, again and again, their readiness to give 
compensation for his death to any one who could 
prove a title to the self-imposed fine. No other 
claimant appearing, it was awarded at length to 
ladmon, the grandson of ladmon (son of Hephsestopo- 
lius), ^sop's old master.^ The proverb of " ^Esop's 
blood," in aftertimes gave warning to his countrymen, 
that murder will not cry to Heaven in vain.^ 

There are no further authentic notices of yEsop's 
life, but there are abundant proofs of the estimation in 
which his words were held by the Athenians for many 
generations afterwards. To be able to tell a good 
story of iEsop at the club, was an indispensable 

^ Babrli . frag. ap. Apollon. — "^ klaConnov nlfia. — Zonaras, 

Suid. V. ^aidpids. p. 9*^. 

^ Herod. II. 134. 

• • • 

vni 



Introduction 

accomplishment of an Athenian gentleman ; and he 
who had not got ^sop's Fables at his fingers' ends 
was looked upon as an illiterate dunce.^ Indeed, to 
such an excess did this fickle and news-loving people 
run after an yEsopean fable, that there is no weakness 
of theirs more severely lashed than this by their 
satirists both in verse and prose. His practical 
wisdom was, however, as much regarded as his 
caustic humour ; and the common tradition, that he 
appeared alive again and fought at Thermopylae, tells 
more for the honour in which he was held as a patriot 
than a hundred authentic anecdotes.* 

About two hundred years after his death, a statue 
of ^sop, the workmanship of Lysippus, was erected 
at Athens, and was placed in front of the statues of 
the Seven Sages.^ 

The ridiculous particulars of his life and person, as 
they are commonly given, are but a compilation, 
made in the middle ages, of sorry jokes borrowed 
from various quarters, with enough of older fact and 
tradition to give them a sort of plausible consistency. 
The whole has been attributed to the imagination of 
Planudes, a monk of the fourteenth century; but there 
seems little reason for believing that he did more 
than collect what he found already made to his hand. 

^sop's personal deformity and swarthy complexion 
have not the slightest testimony from ancient authority. 
The negative evidence, which in this case is strong, 
tells all the other way, though Bentley has carried his 
argument rather too far in trying hence to prove that 
he must have been remarkably handsome.^ The oldest 

3 Aristoph. Vesp. 1260. Av. ^ Pha^d. II. Ep. Agath. Epig. 
471- . „ , ^ Dissert, ^s. Works, v. II, 

^ §uid.vv. At<T(i)7roy — dva/3iwi/crt. p. 236. 



Introduction 

authority in which his person is mentioned speaks of 
his face and voice as contributing as much as his 
stories to the amusement of his companyj 

It is not to be supposed that ^sop was absolutely 
the inventor of Fable. ^ Under this form, more or 
less developed, the earliest knowledge of every nation 
— at ieast of every Eastern nation — has been handed 
down. Poverty of language would, in the first instance, 
necessitate the use of metaphor, and the simile would 
follow, not far removed from parable and fable. The 
more intimate acquaintance with the habits of wild 
beasts, natural to an uncivilised life, would also suggest 
illustrations to be drawn from the ways of the wily 
fox, the timid deer, the noble lion; while a closer 
intercourse with them, even though that of enmity, 
would be apt to attribute not only human passions, 
but motives and feelings, and hence speech. 

In later times, vyhen neither kings nor mobs would 
bear to look upon naked Truth, recourse to the style 
of primitive wisdom furnished an effective garb where- 
with to clothe it. It flattered, by its appeal to national 
antiquity, and by exercising, without tasking, intel- 
lectual acuteness. Thus fable was not, in those times, 
a child's plaything, but a nation's primer. Tyranny 
and rebellion were alike stayed by this only word of 
the wise that passion would listen to. Very different 
in its nature from the old Myth, it was not the result 
of profound contemplative philosophy in a popular 
garb, but it was the off-hand, ready-made weapon of 
a man of action, — one who united presence of mind 
with presence of wit, — who saw his opportunity and 
knew how to use it. 

The oldest Fable on record which we know to have 
^ Himer, Orat. XIII. ^ Babr. prooem II. i, 



Introduction 

been thus practically applied, is that of " The Trees 
and the Bramble," as found in Holy Writ.^ When 
the Israelites, discontented at not having an earthly 
sovereign, had allowed Abimelech, the base son of 
Gideon, to usurp a kingly authority over them, Jotham, 
whose better claims had been passed over by them, 
addressed them in the fable of 

THE TREES AND THE BRAMBLE 

The Trees went forth on a time to anoint a king 
over them ; and they said unto the Olive-tree: " Reign 
thou over us;" but the Olive-tree said unto them, 
" Should I leave my fatness, wherewith by me they 
honour God and man, and go to be promoted over 
the trees ? " And the trees said to the Fig-tree : 
" Come thou and reign over us ; " but the Fig-tree 
said unto them : " Should I forsake my sweetness and 
my good fruit, and go to be promoted over the trees ? " 
Then said the trees unto the Vine : " Come thou and 
reign over us ;" and the Vine said unto them : " Should 
I leave my wine, which cheereth God and man, and 
go to be promoted over the trees ? " Then said all 
the trees unto the Bramble : " Come thou and reign 
over us ; " and the Bramble said unto the trees : " If 
in truth ye anoint me king over you, then come and 
put your trust in my shadow; and if not, let fire 
come out of the Bramble, and devour the Cedars of 
Lebanon." 

No less effective was Nathan's parable of "The 
Ewe-lamb " addressed to King David, with its terrible 
application, " Thou art THE Man." ^ 

® Judges ix. 7. 1 2 Sam. xii. 7. 

xi 



Introduction 

In like manner Fables effected their work in the 
politics of Greece. The citizens of Himera were 
warned by Stesichorus against the encroachments of 
the tyrant Phalaris, by the recital of " The Horse and 
the Stag." 2 A timely lesson was given to Peisistratus 
and the Athenians by the fable of " The Frogs and 
Jupiter."^ The Samians, when they would have put 
to death one who had battened upon the public 
treasury, were checked by ^sop's introduction of 
" The Fox and the Hedgehog." * When the lonians, 
who had rejected a previous invitation of Cyrus to 
join him, sent ambassadors to him after his success, 
offering him terms, the indignant conqueror gave them 
no other reply than the story of " The Fisherman 
piping."^ Demosthenes turned the pliant mind of 
the Athenians when they were ready to betray him 
into Philip's hands, by warning them in " The Wolves 
and the Sheep," lest, in giving up the public orators, 
they surrendered the watch-dogs of the State. And, 
on another occasion, when the people would not hear 
him speaking on a serious matter of public business, 
he called them to an acknowledgment of their frivolity, 
and to a sense of their duty, by commencing the fable 
of '' The Ass's Shadow." ^ 

Roman history furnishes the celebrated instance of 
Menenius Agrippa quelling an insurrection by reciting 
" The Belly and the Members ; " "^ and Scotland sup- 
plies the character of Archibald " Bell-the-Cat." » 



^ Arist. Rhet. II. 20. ^ Herod. I. 141. 

3 Ph^edr. I. 2. ^ Vit. Demosth. ad fin. 

* Arist. Rhet. II. 20;— after- ^ Liv. II. 32. 

wards applied by Tiberius to ^ W. Scott's Scotland, Ch, 

the extortionate prefects of the XXII. 
Roman provinces. 

xii 



Introduction 

The present book of Fables is not, of course, put 
forward as the veritable words of ^sop. The date of 
his life, and the nature of the composition, alike forbid 
us to suppose that his Fables were committed to 
writing by the author himself Nor if such a work, 
as an authentic collection of them, ever existed, could 
the common Greek text lay any claim to that title. 
It would, however, be equally absurd to adopt the 
alternative usually given, that the whole or the greater 
part of the existing Fables are the composition of 
monks of the middle ages. 

The history of ^Esopean Fables seems rather to be 
this, ^sop was one of the first and most successful 
in adopting this kind of apologue as a general vehicle 
of instruction. Being striking in point, and easy of 
remembrance, his stories were soon bandied about 
from mouth to mouth, and handed down from gener- 
ation to generation, with such alterations as are ever 
attendant on oral narration. 

In later times, writers, equally with speakers, pre- 
serving the traditionary outline of the fable, filled it up 
in their own words ; while all the good stories afloat 
upon the surface of conversation became, naturally 
enough, referred to the great master in that style of 
composition. The popularity of ^sop's Fables among 
the Athenians soon became unbounded. We find 
them continually referred to in the works of the best 
Greek authors. Socrates relieved the monotony of his 
prison-hours by turning them into verse; Demetrius 
Phalereus and others followed in the same course ; and 
after a considerable interval, we have them presented 
anew in the Greek choliambics of Babrius, and in the 
Latin iambics of Phaedrus. Certainly Phaedrus, and 
probably the other older and later versionists, made 

• • • 



Introduction 

divers alterations, and sometimes inserted additional 
Fables of their own. 

From all these various sources the bulk of the exist- 
ing Fables is derived. This will account for the variety 
of versions, sometimes as many as six or seven, of the 
same Fable; while the late dialect of the Greek text, 
and the occasional obvious interpolation of Christian 
forms of speech and sentiment — though indications of 
the hands through which the Fables were last trans- 
mitted — need not drive us from the conclusion that we 
have, in the main, both the spirit and body of yFsop's 
Fables, if not as they proceeded from the Sage's own 
lips, at least as they were known in the best times of 
Greek literature. 

This collection of Fables — the most popular Moral 
and Political Class-book of more than two thousand 
years — it has been the object of the Translator to 
restore, in a more genuine form than has yet been 
attempted, into the hands of the present generation, 
from which the wearisome and otherwise objection- 
able paraphrases of the ordinary versions had almost 
banished it. 

The recent happy discovery of the long-lost Fables 
of Babrius, and their opportune appearance in this 
country in the excellent edition of Mr. George Corne- 
wall Lewis, suggested the idea that by a recurrence to 
the Greek texts, and by collating and sifting the various 
ancient Aversions, a nearer approach might be gained 
to the true ^sopean Fable than has yet been proposed 
in any English collection. 

In the present Version, however, no strict and definite 
plan of translation has been followed. Though the 
general rule has been to give a free translation from 
the oldest source to which the Fable could be traced, 



I?2troduction 

or from its best later form in the dead languages, there 
will be found exceptional cases of all kinds. Some 
are compounded out of many ancient versions: some 
are a collation of ancient and modern : some are 
abridged, some interpolated : one takes the turn of a 
Greek epigram, another follows the lively and diffusive 
gossip of Horace: some walk more in the track of the 
Greek verse of Babrius, some in that of the Latin verse 
of Phaedrus : a few adopt the turn given by L'Estrange, 
or speak almost in the very words of Croxall or 
Dodsley.^ 

This method of translation — wholly without excuse, 
i( applied to a genuine classic — will, perhaps, be deemed 
admissible for a popular volume of ^Esopean Fables, 
seeing that it is neither more nor less than has happened 
to them since the days when the Sage first scattered 
his Apologues on the wide waters of society, to be 
taken up and treated as suited the whim or purpose 
of subsequent recounters and versionists, from Socrates 
to Mrs. Trimmer. 

A greater liberty has been taken with those vener- 
able deductions which are usually appended in set 
form to the Fable, under the title of Morals, or Appli- 
cations; and in this, an essential departure has been 
made from the common plan of the English Fabulists, 
who have generally smothered the original Fable under 
an overpowering weight of their own commentary. 
Of course, when Fables were first spoken, they were 
supposed to convey their own moral along with them, 
or else they were spoken in vain ; and even when first 
written, the application given was that of the particular 
occasion, not of general inference. When in later 

^ A few modern fables, marked (M) in the Index, have been 
inserted. 

XV 



Introduction 

times, Morals were formally added, they were always 
brief, and mostly in a proverbial form. To this 
character it has been attempted to recall them, though, 
in some instances, they are incorporated with the Fable, 
and in others, where the story seems to speak for itself, 
omitted altogether. 

It would be quite unnecessary for the Translator to 
suggest, even in an age much less pictorial than the 
present, how much this Book is indebted for any value 
it may possess to the illustrations of the Artist; but 
he cannot close his own portion of the work without 
expressing how greatly the pleasure of the undertaking 
has been enhanced to him by having such a coad- 
jutor: — a pleasure which has arisen no less from the 
kindly spirit of Mr. Tenniel's co-operation, than from 
the happy results of his skill. 




XVI 




LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS 



THE FOX AND THE GRAPES . . . , , 

— FOX AND THE GOAT 

— WOLF AND THE CRANE . . , , . 

— VAIN JACKDAW . 

— MOUNTAIN IN LABOUR ...... 

— COCK AND THE JEWEL .... 

— EAGLE AND THE FOX ...... 

— OLD HOUND 

— FIGHTING-COCK^' AND THE EAGLE {Two Illustrations) 

— COUNTRYMAN AND THE SNAKE . , . . 

- MAN AND THE SATYR 

— DOG AND THE SHADOW 

— WOLF AND THE LAMB ..... 

— COUNTRY MOUSE AND THE TOWN MOUSE 

— LION AND THE MOUSE 

— HOySE-DOG AND THE WOLF ..... 

— OLD WOMAN AND THE WINEJAR .... 

— FROG AND THE OX . . . , , . 

— HARE AND THE TORTOISE .... 

— TORTOISE AND THE EAGLE ... 

xv«: b 



PAGE 
I 

3 

4 
5 
7 
8 

9 

II 

12 

13 

15 
i6 

17 
19 

21 

23 
24 

25 
26 



2^ 



List of Illustrations 

PAGt: 

THE SHEPHERD-BOY AND THE WOLF 29 

— FOX AND THE WOODMAN 3 1 

— CROW AND THE PITCHER 32 

— ONE-EYED DOE 33 

— BELLY AND THE MEMBERS ...... 34 

— TRAVELLERS AND THE BEAR 35 

— STAG IN THE OX STALL 37 

— COLLIER AND THE FULLER , 39 

— LION IN LOVE 40 

— WIND AND THE SUN {Tivo llhistyalions) ... 41 

— TREES AND THE AXE 43 

— ASS AND THE LAP-DOG 44 

— WOLVES AND THE SHEEP 46 

HERCULES AND THE WAGGONER 48 

THE FOX WITHOUT A TAIL 49 

— HARES AND THE FROGS 5 1 

— HUSBANDMAN AND THE STORK 52 

— ANGLER AND THE LITTLE FISH 53 

— BUNDLE OF STICKS • • 55 

— MAN AND THE LION 56 

— NURSE AND THE WOLF 57 

— HORSE AND THE STAG " , . '59 

— MISCHIEVOUS DOG , 61 

— HERDSMAN AND THE LOST BULL 63 

— OAK AND THE REED ........ 65 

MERCURY AND THE WOODMAN 66 

THE LION AND OTHER BEASTS HUNTING 68 

— DOG IN THE MANGER , . 69 

— THIEF AND HIS MOTHER . 71 

— CAT AND THE MICE 72 

— COUNTRY MAID AND HER MILK-CAN {TlVO I Ihist rations) . 73 

— TWO POTS .......... 75 

xviii 



List of Illustrations 

'AGE 

THE GOOSE WITH THE GOLDEN EGGS 77 

— DOG INVITED TO SUPPER 79 

— FROGS ASKING FOR A KmCj [TwO lilustra'ions) . . 8l 

— THIEF AND THE DOG ....... 83 

— LARK AND HER YOUNG ONES . . . . 85 

— TRUMPETER TAKEN PRISONER . . . . 87 

— BIRDS, THE BEASrS, AND THE BAT 89 

— TRAVELLERS AND THE HATCHET . . . . , 9 1 

— EAGLE AND THE JACKDAW ..,.,, 93 

— ASS AND HIS DRIVER ..,..,, 94 

— OLD MAN AND DEATH -95 

— HART AND THE VINE , 97 

— MISER . . -. .98 

— OLD WOMAN AND HER MAIDS ..... 99 

— LION, THE BEAR, AND THE FOX . , , . . lOO 

— BOASTING TRAVELLER I02 

— FOX AND THE MASK ..,,,., IO4 

— HEIFER AND THE OY. {T1VO Illlf^tvations) , . , I05 

— LION AND THE BULLS .,.,... I06 

— ARAB AND THE CAMEL ....... 1 08 

— JACKASS IN OFFICE IO9 

— FOX AND THE STORK ..,,,.. 1 10 

— ASS IN THE lion's SKIN Ill 

— ass's SHADOW {Two Illustrations) . , . , . 113 

— BULL AND THE GOAT . . . > . . . II4 

— QUACK FROG II5 

— HORSE AND THE LOADED \SS . . - . , . I16 

— VINE AND THE GOAT 1 17 

— MAN AND HIS TWO WIVES . . . . .1X8 

— STAG AT THE POOL I20 

— ASTRONOMER . . . . ... 121 

— SHEPHERD AND 1 HE SEA . . , . I23 

xix 



List of Illustrations 

THE GREAT AND THE LITTLE FISHES .... 

— WILD BOAR AND THE FOX ..... 

— THE BLACKAMOOR 

— ASS, THE COCK, AND THE LION . . . , 

— CHARGER AND THE ASS ...... 

— MOUSE AND THE WEASEL . . .  . 

— LEOPARD AND THE FOX , 

— OLD LION 

— W^OLF AND THE SHEPHERDS 

— FOX AND THE CROW ...... 

— BOY BATHING 

VENUS AND THE CAT . 

MERCURY AND THE SCULPTOR , , . . , 

THE MILLER, HIS SON, AND THEIR ASS {StX Illlistratioin) 




PAGE 


124 


126 


127 


128 


129 


130 


132 


133 


134 


136 


138 


139 


140 


142 



XX 



^>J# 



^sop's Fables 



THE FOX ^ ^ 
AND THE GRAPES 



FABLE 1 



A FOX, just at the time of the 
vintage, stole into a vineyard 
where the ripe sunny Grapes were 
trelHsed up on high in most tempting 
show. He made many a spring and 
a jump after the luscious prize; but, 
failing in all his attempts, he muttered 
as he retreated, " Well ! what does it 
matter ? The Grapes are sour ! " 



h <'' ' 



^i^. 






Sa 



(&S: 



r 



30- 



r 



j^ sop's Fables 



THE BOWMAN 

AND THE LION * ^ FABLE 2 

A MAN who was very skilful with his bow, went 
up into the mountains to hunt. At his approacli 
there was instantly a great consternation and rout 
among all the wild beasts, the Lion alone showing 
any determination to fight. "Stop," said the Bowman 
to him, " and await my messenger, who has somewhat 
to say to you." With that, he sent an arrow after the 
Lion, and wounded him in the side. The Lion, 
smarting with anguish, fled into the depth of the 
thickets, but a Fox seeing him run, bade him take 
courage and face his enemy. " No," said the Lion, 
" you will not persuade me to that ; for if the messen- 
ger he sends is so sharp, what must be the power of 
him who sends it ? " 

THE KITE ^ f ^ 

AND THE PIGEONS ? FABLE 3 

SOME Pigeons had long lived in fear of a Kite, 
but by being always on the alert, and keeping 
near their dove-cote, they had contrived hitherto to 
escape the attacks of the enemy. Finding his saljies 
unsuccessful, the Kite betook himself to craft : "Why," 
said he, " do you prefer this life of continual anxiety, 
when, if you would only make me your king, I would 
secure you from every attack that could be made upon 
you? " The Pigeons, trusting to his professions, called 
him to the throne ; but no sooner was he established 
there than he exercised his prerogative by devouring 
a pigeon a-day. Whereupon one that yet awaited his 
turn, said no more than " It serves us right." 

They who voluntarily put power into the hand of a 
tyrant or an enemy, must not wonder if it be at last 
turned against themselves. 







THE FOX ® 
AND THE GOAT 






FABLE 4 



A FOX had fallen into a well, and had been casting 
about for a long time how he should get out again; 
when at length a Goat came to the place, and wanting 
to drink, asked Reynard whether the water was good, 
and if there was plenty of it. The Fox, dissembling 
the real danger of his case, replied, " Come down, my 
friend ; the water is so good that I cannot drink 
enough of it, and so abundant that it cannot be 
exhausted." Upon this the Goat without any more 
ado leaped in ; when the Fox, taking advantage of his 
friend's horns, as nimbly leaped out ; and coolly 
remarked to the poor deluded Goat, "If you had half 
as much brains as you have beard, you would have 
looked before you leaped." 

3 




THE WOLF f 
AND THE CRANE 



9 



FABLE 5 



A WOLF had got a bone stuck in his throat, and 
in the greatest agony ran up and down, be- 
seeching every animal he met to reHeve him : at the 
same timiC hinting at a very handsome reward to the 
successful operator. A Crane, moved by his entreaties 
and promises, ventured her long neck down the Wolf's 
throat, and drew out the bone. She then modestly 
asked for the promised reward. To which the Wolf, 
grinning and showing his teeth, replied with seeming 
indignation, " Ungrateful creature ! to ask for any 
other reward than that you have put your head into a 
Wolfs jaws, and brought it safe out again ! " 

Those who are charitable only in the hope of a 
return, must not be surprised if, in their dealings with 
evil men, they meet with more jeers than thanks. 

4 




THE VAIN JACKDAW 



FABLE 6 



AJx^CKDAW, as vain and conceited as Jackdaw- 
could be, picked up the feathers which some 
Peacocks had shed, stuck them amongst his own, and 
despising his old companions, introduced himself with 
the greatest assurance into a flock of those beautiful 
birds. They, instantly detecting the intruder, stripped 
him of his borrowed plumes, and falling upon him 
with their beaks, sent him about his business. The 
unlucky Jackdaw, sorely punished and deeply sorrow- 
ing, betook himself to his former companions, and 
would have flocked with them again as if nothing had 
happened. But they, recollecting what airs he had 
given himself, drummed him out of their society, while 
one of those whom he had so lately despised, read him 
this lecture : — " Had you been contented with what 
nature made you, you would have escaped the 
chastisement of your betters and also the contempt of 
your equals." 

5 * 



j^ sop's Fables 



THE ANT ^ ^ ^ 

AND THE GRASSHOPPER ? FABLE 7 

ON a cold frosty day an Ant was dragging out 
some of the corn which he had laid up in 
summer time, to dry it. A Grasshopper, half-perished 
with hunger, besought the Ant to give him a morsel 
of it to preserve his life. " What were you doing," 
said the Ant, " this last summer ? " " Oh," said the 
Grasshopper, " I was not idle. I kept singing all the 
summer long." Said the Ant, laughing and shutting 
up his granary, " Since you could sing all summer, 
you may dance all winter." 

Winter finds out what Summer lays by. 

THE BOY ^ ^ 

AND THE SCORPION ^ FABLE 8 

A BOY was hunting Locusts upon a wall, and had 
caught a great number of them ; when, seeing 
a Scorpion, he mistook it for another Locust, and was 
just hollowing his hand to catch it, when the Scorpion, 
lifting up his sting, said : '' I wish you had done it, 
for I would soon have made you drop me, and the 
Locusts into the bargain." 



THE WIDOW % 

AND THE HEN ® % FABLE 9 

A WIDOW woman kept a Hen that laid an ^g^ 
l\. every morning. Thought the woman to herself, 
" If I double my Hen's allowance of barley, she will 
lay twice a-day." So she tried her plan, and the Hen 
became so fat and sleek, that she left off laying at all. 

Figures are not always facts. 
6 









•*1^F*& 




THE MOUNTAIN 
IN LABOUR 



.9 



^ 
^ 



FABLE 10 



IN days of yore, a mighty rumbling was heard in a 
Mountain. It was said to be in labour, and 
multitudes flocked together, from far and near, to see 
what it would produce. After long expectation and 
many wise conjectures from the bystanders — out 
popped, a Mouse ! 

The story applies to those whose magnificent 
promises end in a paltry performance. 

7 







' '" ^"'^ -y^XLI-il^'^ 



THE COCK ^ 

AND THE JEWEL ^ i^ FABLE 11 

AS a Cock was scratching up the straw in a farm- 
yard, in search of food for the hens, he hit upon 
a Jewel that by some chance had found its way there. 
" Ho ! " said he, " you are a very fine thing, no doubt, 
to those who prize you ; but give mxe a barley-corn 
before all the pearls in the world," 

The Cock was a sensible Cock : but there are many 
silly people who despise what is precious only because 
they cannot understand it. 



THE KID I 

AND THE WOLF 



I 



FABLE 12 



A KID being mounted on the roof of a lofty house, 
and seeing a Wolf pass below, began to revile 
him. The Wolf merely stopped to reply, " Coward ! 
it is not you who revile me, but the place on which 
you are standing." 








Ra-^ 



i1 



^.. 






s. 



.C' 



f< 



FABLE 13 

N Eagle and a Fox had long 
lived together as good neigh- 
bours; the Eagle at the summit of 
a high tree, the Fox in a hole at 
the foot of it. One day, however, 
while the Fox was abroad, the Eagle 
made a swoop at the Fox's cub, and 
carried it off to her nest, 
thinking that her lofty 
dwelling would secure her 
from the Fox's revenge. 
The Fox, on her return 







J-."^^' 




j^sop' s Fables 



hoiile, upbraided the Eagle for this breach of friend- 
ship, and begged earnestly to have her young one 
again ; but finding that her entreaties were of no 
avail, she snatched a torch from an altar-fire that had 
been lighted hard by, and involving the whole tree 
in flame and smoke, soon made the Eagle restore, 
through fear for herself and her own young ones, the 
cub which she had just now denied to her most 
earnest prayers. 

The tyrant, though he may despise the tears of the 
oppressed, is never safe from their vengeance. 

THE FAWN V 

AND HER MOTHER # # FABLE 14 

A FAWN one day said to her mother, " Mother, 
}'OU are bigger than a dog, and swifter and 
better winded, and you have horns to defend yourself; 
how is it that you are so afraid of the hounds ? " She 
smiled and said, " All this, my child, I know full well; 
but no sooner do I hear a dog bark, than, somehow 
or other, my heels take me off as fast as they can 
carry me." 

There is no arguing a coward into courage. 



THE FOX 

AND THE LION ^ % FABLE 15 

A FOX who had never seen a Lion, when by chance 
he met him for the first time, was so terrified 
that he almost died of fright. When he met him the 
second time, he was still afraid, but managed to dis- 
guise his fear. When he saw him the third time, he 
was so much emboldened that he went up to him and 
asked him how he did. 

Familiarity breeds contempt. 
10 




THE OLD HOUND ^ ^ FABLE 16 

A HOUND, who had been an excellent one in his 
time, and had done good service to his master 
in the field, at length became worn out with the 
weight of years and trouble. One day, when hunting 
the wild boar, he seized the creature by the ear, but 
his teeth giving way, he was forced to let go his hold, 
and the boar escaped. Upon this the huntsman, 
coming up, severely rated him. But the feeble Dog 
replied, "Spare your old servant! It was the power 
not the will that failed me. Remember rather what 
I was, than abuse me for what I am." 



THE HORSE m 

AND THE GROOM ^ * FABLE 17 

A GROOM who used to steal and sell a Horse's 
corn, was yet very busy in grooming and 
whisping him all the day long. " If you really wish 
me," said the Horse, " to look well, give me less of 
your currying and more of your corn." 

II 




THE FIGHTING-COCKS 
AND THE EAGLE ^ 



FABLE 18 



TWO young Cocks were fighting as fiercely as if 
they had been men. At last the one that was 
beaten crept into a corner of the hen-house, covered 
with wounds. But the conqueror, straightway flying 
up to the top of the house, began clapping his wings 
and crowing, to announce his victory. At this 
moment an Eagle, sailing by, seized him in 
his talons and bore him away ; while the 
defeated rival came out from 
his hiding-place, and took 
possession of the dunghill for 
which they had contended. 




_-» ^"■nrv^ 



:^'i''yr'^^,-^„^4ii,—; :^^ i'^ 



THE TWO WALLETS | | FABLE 19 

EVERY man carries two Wallets, one before and 
one behind, and both full of faults. But the 
one before, is full of his neighbour's faults ; the one 
behind, of his own. Thus it happens that men are 
blind to their own faults, but never lose sight of their 
neighbour's. > 

12 




THE COUNTRYMAN 
AND THE SNAKE 



9 



FABLE 20 



A COUNTRYMAN, returning home one winter's 
day, found a Snake by the hedge-side, half 
dead with cold. Taking compassion on the creature, 
he laid it in his bosom, and brought it home to his 
fireside to revive it. No sooner had the warmth 
restored it, than it began to attack the children of 
the cottage. Upon this the Countryman, whose 
compassion had saved its life, took up a mattock 
and laid the Snake dead at his feet. 

Those who return evil for good, may expect their 
neighbour's pity to be worn out at last. 

13 



j^sop' s Fables 



THE MOUSE ^ 

AND THE FROG ^ ^ FABLE 21 

A MOUSE, in an evil day, made acquaintance 
with a Frog, and they set off on their travels 
together. The Frog, on pretence of great affection, 
and of keeping his companion out of harm's way, tied 
the Mouse's fore-foot to his own hind-leg, and thus 
they proceeded for some distance by land. Presently 
they came to some water, and the Frog, bidding the 
Mouse have good courage, began to swim across. 
They had scarcely, however, arrived mid-way, when 
the Frog took a sudden plunge to the bottom, drag- 
ging the unfortunate Mouse after him. But the 
struggling and floundering of the Mouse made so 
great commotion in the water that it attracted the 
attention of a Kite, who, pouncing down, and bearing 
off the Mouse, carried away the Frog at the same 
time in his train. 

Inconsiderate and ill-matched alliances generally 
end in ruin : and the man who compasses the de- 
struction of his neighbour, is often caught in his own 
snare. 

THE FISHERMAN PIPING * FABLE 22 

A MAN, who cared more for his notes than his 
nets, seeing some fish in the sea, began play- 
ing on his pipe, thinking that they would jump out on 
shore. But finding himself disappointed, he took a 
casting-net, and inclosing a great multitude of fish, 
drew them to land. When he saw the fish dancing 
and flapping about, he smiled, and said, " Since you 
would not dance when I piped, I will have none of 
your dancing now." 

It is a great art to do the right thing at the right 

season. 

14 







THE MAN I 
AND THE SATYR 



I 



FABLE 2S 



A MAN and a Satyr, having struck up an ac- 
quaintance, sat down together to eat. The day 
being wintry and cold, the Man put his fingers to his 
mouth, and blew upon them. " What's that for, my 
friend ? " asked the Satyr. " My hands are so cold," 
said the Man ; " I do it to warm them." In a little 
while some hot food was placed before them, and the 
Man, raising the dish to his mouth, again blew upon 
it. " And what's the meaning of that now ? " said the 
Satyr. " Oh," replied the man, " my porridge is so 
hot, I do it to cool it." " Nay then," said the Satyr, 
" from this moment I renounce your friendship, for I 
will have nothing to do with one who blows hot and 
cold with the same mouth." 

15 




THE DOG ^ 

AND THE SHADOW # 



FABLE 24 



A DOG had stolen a piece of meat out of a 
butcher's shop, and was crossing a river on his 
way home, when he saw his own shadow reflected in 
the stream below. Thinking that it was another dog, 
with another piece of meat, he resolved to make 
himself master of that also ; but in snapping at the 
supposed treasure, he dropped the bit he was carry- 
ing, and so lost all. 

Grasp at the shadow and lose the substance — the 
common fate of those who hazard a real blessing for 
some visionary good. 



THE MOON f 

AND HER MOTHER ^ ^ FABLE 25 

THE Moon once asked her Mother to make her a 
little cloak that would fit her well. " How," 
replied she, " can I make you a cloak to fit you, who 
are now a New Moon, and then a Full Moon, and 
then again neither one nor the other ? " 

i6 







THE WOLF ® 
AND THE LAMB 



FABLE 26 



AS a Wolf was lapping at the head of a running 
brook, he spied a stray Lamb paddling, at some 
distance, down the stream. Having made up his 
mind to seize her, he bethought himself how he might 
justify his violence. " Villain ! " said he, running up 
to her, " how dare you muddle the water that I am 
drinking? " " Indeed," said the Lamb humbly, " I do 
not see how I can disturb the water, since it runs from 
you to me, not from me to you." " Be that as it may," 
replied the Wolf, " it is but a year ago that you called 
me many ill names." " Oh, Sir ! " said the Lamb, 
trembling, "a year ago I was not born." "Well," 
replied the Wolf, " if it was not you, it was your father, 
and that is all the same ; but it is no use trying to 
argue me out of my supper ; " — and without another 

17 C 



j!^ sop's Fables 



word he fell upon the poor helpless Lamb and tore 
her to pieces. 

A tyrant never wants a plea. And they have little 
chance of resisting the injustice of the powerful whose 
only weapons are innocence and reason. 

THE FLIES ^ ^ 

AND THE HONEY-POT ^ FABLE 27 

A POT of honey having been upset in a grocer's 
shop, the Flies came around it in swarms to eat 
it up, nor would they move from the spot while there 
was a drop left. At length their feet became so 
clogged that they could not fly away, and stifled in 
the luscious sweets they exclaimed, " Miserable 
creatures that we are, v/ho for the sake of an hour's 
pleasure have thrown away our lives ! " 



THE CREAKING WHEELS m FABLE 28 

AS some Oxen were dragging a waggon along a 
heavy road, the Wheels set up a tremendous 
creaking. " Brute ! " cried the driver to the waggon ; 
" why do you groan, when they who are drawing all 
the weight are silent ? " 

Those who cry loudest are not always the most hurt. 

THE BEAR 

AND THE FOX ^ * FABLE 29 

ABEx\R used to boast of his excessive love for 
Man, saying that he never worried or mauled 
him when dead. The Fox observed, with a smile, " I 
should have thought more of your profession, if you 
never ate him alive." 

Better save a man from dying than salve him when 

dead. 

i8 




.9 



THE COUNTRY MOUSE 

AND THE TOWN MOUSE :9 FABLE 30 

ONCE upon a time a Country Mouse who had a 
friend in town invited him, for old acquaintance 
sake, to pay him a visit in the country. The invita- 
tion being accepted in due form, the Country Mouse, 
though plain and rough and somewhat frugal in his 
nature, opened his heart and store, in honour of 
hospitality and an old friend. There was not a care- 
fully stored up morsel that he did not bring forth out 
of his larder, peas and barley, cheese-parings and nuts, 
hoping by quantity to make up what he feared was 
wanting in quality, to suit the palate of his dainty 
guest. The Town Mouse, condescending to pick a 
bit here and a bit there, while the host sat nibbling a 
blade of barley-straw, at length exclaimed, " How is it, 
my good friend, that you can endure the dulness of 
this unpolished life ? You are living like a toad in a 
hole. You can't really prefer these solitary rocks and 
woods to streets teeming with carriages and men. On 
my honour, you are wasting your time miserably here. 
We must make the most of life while it lasts. A 

19 



j^sop' s Fables 



mouse, you know, does not live for ever. So come 
with me, and I'll show you life and the town." Over- 
powered with such fine words and so polished a 
manner, the Country Mouse assented ; and they set 
out together on their journey to town. It was late in 
the evening when they crept stealthily into the city, 
and midnight ere they reached the great house, where 
the Town Mouse took up his quarters. Here were 
couches of crimson velvet, carvings in ivory, everything 
in short that denoted wealth and luxury. On the 
table were the remains of a splendid banquet, to 
procure which all the choicest shops in the town had 
been ransacked the day before. It was now the turn 
of the courtier to play the host ; he places his country 
friend on purple, runs to and fro to supply all his 
wants, presses dish upon dish and dainty upon dainty, 
and, as though he were waiting on a king, tastes every 
course ere he ventures to place it before his rustic 
cousin. The Country Mouse, for his part, affects to 
make himself quite at home, and blesses the r^ood 
fortune that has wrought such a change in his way of 
life ; when, in the midst of his enjoyment, as he is 
thinking with contempt of the poor fare he has for- 
saken, on a sudden the door flies open, and a party of 
revellers, returning from a late entertainment, bursts 
into the room. The affrighted friends jump from the 
table in the greatest consternation and hide themselves 
in the first corner they can reach. No sooner do they 
venture to creep out again than the barking of dogs 
drives them back in still greater terror than before. At 
length, when things seemed quiet, the Country Mouse 
stole out from his hiding-place, and bidding his friend 
good-bye, whispered in his ear, " Oh, my good sir, this 
fine mode of living may do for those who like it ; but 
give me my barley bread in peace and security before 
the daintiest feast where Fear and Care are in waiting." 

20 




THE LION f ^ ^ ^ 

AND THE MOUSE ? ? FABLE 31 

A LION was sleeping in his lair, when a Mouse, 
not knowing where he was going, ran over the 
mighty beast's nose and awakened him. The Lion 
clapped his paw upon the frightened little creature, 
and was about to make an end of him in a moment, 
when the Mouse, in pitiable tone, besought him to 
spare one who had so unconsciously offended, and 
not stain his honourable paws with so insignificant a 
prey. The Lion, smiling at his little prisoner's fright, 
generously let him go. Now it happened no long 
time after, that the Lion, while ranging the woods for 
his prey, fell into the toils of the hunters ; and finding 
himself entangled without hope of escape, set up a 
roar that filled the whole forest with its echo. The 
Mouse, recognizing the voice of his former preserver, 
ran to the spot, and without more ado set to work to 
nibble the knot in the cord that bound the Lion, and 

21 



j^ sop's Fables 



in a short time set the noble beast at hberty ; thus con- 
vincing him that kindness is seldom thrown away, and 
that there is no creature so much below another but 
that he may have it in his power to return a good office. 

THE DOG, THE COCK 

AND THE FOX ^ ^ FABLE 32 

A DOG and a Cock having struck up an acquaint- 
ance went out on their travels together. 
Nightfall found them in a forest ; so the Cock flying 
up on a tree, perched among the branches, while the 
Dog dozed below at the foot. As the night passed 
away and the day dawned, the Cock, according to his 
custom, set up a shrill crowing. A Fox hearing him, 
and thinking to make a meal of him, came and stood 
under the tree, and thus addressed him : — " Thou art 
a good little b^rd, and most useful to thy fellow- 
creatures. Come down, then, that we may sing our 
matins and rejoice together." The Cock replied, 
" Go, my good friend, to the foot of the tree, and call 
the sacristan to toll the bell." But as the Fox went 
to call him, the Dog jumped out in a moment, and 
seized the Fox and made an end of him. 

They who lay traps for others are often caught by 
their own bait. 

THE GULL 

AND THE KITE f# ® FABLE 33 

A GULL had pounced upon a fish, and in en- 
deavouring to swallow it got choked, and lay 
upon the deck for dead. A Kite who was passing 
by and saw him, gave him no other comfort than — 
" It serves you right : for what business have the 
fowls of the air to meddle with the fish of the sea ? " 

22 




THE HOUSE-DOG 
AND THE WOLF 



FABLE 34 



A LEAN hungry Wolf chanced one moonshiny 
night to fall in with a plump well-fed House- 
Dog. After the first compliments were passed 
between them, " How is it, my friend," said the Wolf, 
"that you look so sleek ? How well your food agrees 
with you ! and here am I striving for my living night 
and day, and can hardly save myself from starving." 
" W^ell," says the Dog, " if you would fare like me, 
you have only to do as I do." ''Indeed!" says he, 
"and what is that?" "Why," replies the Dog, "just 
to guard the master's house and keep off the thieves 
at night." " With all my heart ; for at present I have 
but a sorry time of it. This woodland life, with its 
frosts and rains, is sharp work for me. To have a 
warm roof over my head and a bellyful of victuals 
always at hand will, methinks, be no bad exchange." 
" True," says the Dog ; " therefore you have nothingr 

23 



^sop's Fables 



to do but to follow me." Now as they were jogging 
on together, the Wolf spied a mark in the Dog's neck, 
and having a strange curiosity, could not forbear 
asking what it meant. " Pooh ! nothing at all," says 
the Dog. " Nay, but pray" — says the Wolf " Oh ! a 
mere trifle, perhaps the collar to which my chain is 
fastened — " " Chain ! " cries the Wolf in surprise ; 
" you don't mean to say that you cannot rove when 
and where you please ? " " Why, not exactly perhaps ; 
you see I am looked upon as rather fierce, so they 
sometimes tie me up in the day-time, but I assure 
you I have perfect liberty at night, and the master 
feeds me off his own plate, and the servants give me 
their tit-bits, and I am such a favourite, and — but 
what is the matter ? where are you going ? " " Oh, 
good-night to you," says the Wolf; " you are welcome 
to your dainties ; but for me, a dry crust with liberty 
against a kings luxury with a chain." 




A^ 



THE OLD WOMAN 

AND THE WINE- JAR # ^ FABLE 35 

N Old W^oman saw an 
empty Wine-jar lying on 
the ground. Though not a 
drop of the noble Falernian, 
with which it had been filled, 
remained, it still yielded a grate- 
ful fragrance to the passers-by. 
The Old Woman, applying her 
nose as close as she could and 
snuffing with all her might and 
main, exclaimed, " Sweet crea- 
ture ! how charming must your 
contents once have been, when 
the very dregs are so delicious ! " 

24 







'ilf /';,' 



THE FROG 
AND THE OX 



^ I 



FABLE 36 



AN Ox, grazing in a swampy meadow, chanced to 
set his foot among a parcel of young Frogs, 
and crushed nearly the whole brood to death. One 
that escaped ran off to his mother with the dreadful 
news ; " And, O mother ! " said he, " it was a beast — 
such a big fourfooted beast ! — that did it." " Big ? " 
quoth the old Frog, " how big ? was it as big " — and she 
puffed herself out to a great degree — " as big as this ? " 
" Oh ! " said the little one, " a great deal bigger than 
that." " Well, was it so big ? " and she swelled herself 
out yet more. " Indeed, mother, but it was ; and if 
you were to burst yourself, you would never reach half 
its size." Provoked at such a disparagement of her 
powers, the old Frog made one more trial, and burst 
herself indeed. 

So men are ruined by attempting a greatness to 
which they have no claim. 

25 



j^sop' s Fables 



THE SICK STAG ® ® FABLE 37 

A STAG that had fallen sick, lay down on the rich 
herbage of a lawn, close to a wood-side, that 
she might obtain an easy, pasturage. But so many of 
the Beasts came to see her — for she was a good sort 
of neighbour — that one taking a little, and another a 
little, they ate up all the grass in the place. So, 
though recovering from the disease, she pined for want, 
and in the end lost both her substance and her life. 




THE HARE ^ 

AND THE TORTOISE * '^ FABLE 38 

A HARE jeer©d at a Tortoise for the slowness of 
his pace. But he laughed and said, that he 
would run against her and beat her any day she should 
name. " Come on," said the Hare, " you shall soon 
see what my feet are made of" So it was agreed that 
they should start at once. The Tortoise went off 
jogging along, without a moment's stopping, at his 
usual steady pace. The Hare, treating the whole 
matter very lightly, said she would first take a little 
nap, and that she should soon overtake the Tortoise. 
Meanwhile the Tortoise plodded on, and the Hare 
oversleeping herself, arrived at the goal, only to see 
that the Tortoise had got in before her. 

Slow and steady wins the race. 
26 




THE TORTOISE 
AND THE EAGLE 



^ ^ 



FABLE 39 



A TORTOISE, dissatisfied with his lowly life, 
when he beheld so many of the birds, his neigh- 
bours, disporting themselves in the clouds, and thinking 
that, if he could but once get up into the air, he could 
soar with the best of them, called one day upon an 
Eagle, and offered him all the treasures of Ocean if 
he could only teach him to fly. The Eagle would 
have declined the task, assuring him that the thing 
was not only absurd but impossible, but being further 
pressed by the entreaties and promises of the Tortoise, 
he at length consented to do for him the best he could. 
So taking him up to a great height in the air and 
loosing his hold upon him, " Now, then ! " cried the 

27 



j^sop' s Fables 



Eagle ; but the Tortoise, before he could answer him 
a word, fell plump upon a rock, and was dashed to 
pieces. 

Pride shall have a fall. 

THE MULE ^ ^ FABLE 40 

A MULE that had grown fat and wanton on too 
great an allowance of corn, was one day jump- 
ing and kicking about, and at length, cocking up her 
tail, exclaimed, " My dam was a Racer, and I am quite 
as good as ever she was." But being soon knocked 
up with her galloping and frisking, she remembered 
all at once that her sire was but an Ass. 

Every truth has two sides ; it is well to look at 
both, before we commit ourselves to either. 



THE CRAB _ 

AND HER MOTHER % 5? FABLE 41 

SAID an old Crab to a young one, "Why do 
you walk so crooked, child ? walk straight ! " 
" Mother," said the young Crab, " show me the way, 
will you ? and when I see you taking a straight course, 
I will try and follow." 

Example is better than precept. 

THE LAMB % 

AND THE WOLF % % FABLE 42 

A LAMB pursued by a Wolf took refuge in a 
temple. Upon this the Wolf called out to him, 
and said, that the priest would slay him if he caught 
him. " Be it so," said the Lamb : " it is better to be 
sacrificed to God, than to be devoured by you." 

28 



110'''' '^'"■-■■•^'-•-■■^■'■~^ 




^K,^y{iy^'.^^('^^/^:y^f§:M$^^ 



THE SHEPHERD BOY 

AND THE WOLF ^ ^ FABLE 43 

A SHEPHERD-BOY, who tended his flock not 
far from a village, used to amuse himself at 
times in crying out "Wolf! Wolf!" Twice or 
thrice his trick succeeded. The whole village came 
running out to his assistance ; when all the return 
they got was to be laughed at for their pains. At 
last, one day the Wolf came indeed. The Boy cried 

29 



^sop's Fables 



out in earnest. But his neighbours, supposing him 
to be at his old sport, paid no heed to his cries, and 
the Wolf devoured the sheep. So the Boy learned, 
when it was too late, that liars are not believed even 
when they tell the truth. 

THE HEN ^ 

AND THE CAT ^ I FABLE 44 

A CAT hearing that a Hen was laid up sick in her 
nest, paid her a visit of condolence ; and creep- 
ing up to her said, " How are you, my dear friend ? 
what can I do for you ? what are you in want of? 
only tell me, if there is anything in the world that I 
can bring you ; but keep up your spirits and don't be 
alarmed." " Thank you," said the Hen ; " do you be 
good enough to leave me, and I have no fear but I 
shall soon be well." 

Unbidden guests are often welcomest when they 
are gone. 



THE POMEGRANATE, THE APPLE 

AND THE BRAMBLE ^ FABLE 45 

THE Pomegranate and the Apple had a contest 
on the score of beauty. When words ran high, 
and the strife waxed dangerous, a Bramble, thrusting 
his head from a neighbouring bush, cried out, " We 
have disputed long enough ; let there be no more 
rivalry betwixt us." 

The most insignificant are generally the most 
presuming. 

30 




THE FOX 

AND THE WOODMAN f 



FABLE 46 



A FOX, hard pressed by the hounds after a long 
run, came up to a man who was cutting wood, 
and begged him to afford him some place where he 
might hide himself. The man showed him his own 
hut, and the Fox creeping in, hid himself in a corner. 
The Hunters presently came up, and asking the man 
whether he had seen the Fox. " No," said he, but 
pointed with his finger to the corner. They, however, 
not understanding the hint, were off again immedi- 
ately. When the Fox perceived that they were out 
of sight, he was stealing off without saying a word. 
But the man upbraided him, saying, " Is this the way 

31 



j^sop' s Fables 



you take leave of your host, without a word of thanks 
for your safety ? " "A pretty host ! " said the Fox, 
turning round upon him, " if you had been as honest 
with your fingers as you were with your tongue, I should 
not have left your roof without bidding you farewell." 

There is as much malice in a wink as in a word. 




THE CROW % 

AND THE PITCHER % ® FABLE 47 

A CROW, ready to die with thirst, flew with joy 
to a Pitcher, which he saw at a distance. But 
when he came up to it, he found the water so low that 
with all his stooping and straining he was unable to 
reach it. Thereupon he tried to break the Pitcher ; 
then to overturn it ; but his strength was not sufficient 
to do either. At last, seeing some small pebbles at 
hand, he dropped a great many of them, one by one, 
into the Pitcher, and so raised the water to the brim, 
and quenched his thirst. 

Skill and Patience will succeed where Force fails. 
Necessity is the Mother of Invention. 

32 




THE ONE EYED DOE ^ * 



FABLE 48 



A DOE that had but one eye used to graze near 
the sea, and that she might be the more secure 
from attack, kept her eye towards the land against 
the approach of the hunters, and her bHnd side to- 
wards the sea, whence she feared no danger. But 
some sailors rowing by in a boat and seeing her, 
aimed at her from the water and shot her. When at 
her last gasp, she sighed to herself : " Ill-fated creature 
that I am ! I was safe on the land-side whence I 
expected to be attacked, but find an enemy in the 
sea to which I most looked for protection." 

Our troubles often come from the quarter whence 
we least expect them. 

33 D 




THE BELLY ^ 

AND THE MEMBERS ^ ^ FABLE 49 

IN former days, when all a man's limbs did not 
work together as amicably as they do now, but 
each had a will and wav of its own, the Members 
generally began to find fault with the Belly for spend- 
ing an idle, luxurious life, while they were wholly 
occupied in labouring for its support, and ministering 
to its wants and pleasures ; so they entered into a 
conspiracy to cut off its supplies for the future. The 
Hands were no longer to carry food to the Moyth, 
nor the Mouth to receive the food, nor the Teeth to 
chew it. They had not long persisted in this course 
of starving the Belly into subjection, ere they all 
began, one by one, to fail and flag, and the whole 
body to pine away. Then the Members were con- 
vinced that the Belly also, cumbersome and useless 
as it seemed, had an important function of its own ; 
that they could no more do without it than it could 
do without them ; and that if they would have the 
constitution of the body in a healthy state, they must 
work together, each in his proper sphere, for the 
common good of all. 

34 




is 



1 



$ 



THE TRAVELLERS 

AND THE BEAR % FABLE 50 

TWO friends were travelling on the 
same road together, when they 
met with a Bear. The one in great 
fear, without a thought of his com- 
panion, chmbed up into a tree, and hid 
himself The other seeing that he had 
no chance, single-handed, against the 
Bear, had nothing left but to throw 
himself on the ground and feign to be /)/ 



^^ I 




35 



j^sop' s Fables 



dead ; for he had heard that the Bear will never 
touch a dead body. As he thus lay, the Bear came 
up to his head, muzzling and snuffing at his nose 
and ears, and heart, but the man immovably held his 
breath, and the beast, supposing him to be dead, 
walked away. When the Bear was fairly out of sight, 
his companion came down out of the tree, and asked 
what it was that the Bear whispered to him, — " for," 
says he, " I observed he put his mouth very close to 
your ear." " Why," replies the other, " it was no 
great secret ; he only bade me have a care how I 
kept company with those who, when they get into a 
difficulty, leave their friends in the lurch." 



THE LION, THE ASS ^ 

AND THE FOX, HUNTING f FABLE 51 

THE Lion, the Ass, and the Fox formed a party 
to go out hunting. They took a large booty, 
and when the sport was ended bethought themselves 
of having a hearty meal. The Lion bade the Ass 
allot the spoil. So, dividing it into three equal parts, 
the Ass begged his friends to make their choice ; at 
which the Lion, in great indignation, fell upon the 
Ass, and tore him to pieces. He then bade the Fox 
make a division ; who, gathering the whole in one 
great heap, reserved but the smallest mite for himself. 
" Ah ! friend," says the Lion, " who taught you to 
make so equitable a division ? " "I wanted no other 
lesson," replied the Fox, " than the Ass's fate." 

Better be wise by the misfortunes of others than by 
your own. 



3^ 




THE STAG IN 
THE OX STALL 



I ^ 



FABLE 52 



A HUNTED Stag, driven out of covert and dis- 
tracted by fear, made for the first farm-house 
he saw, and hid himself in an Ox-stall which happened 
to be open. As he was trying to conceal himself 
under the straw, " What can you mean," said an Ox, 
"by running into such certain destruction as to trust 
yourself to the haunts of man ? " " Only do you not 
betray me," said the Stag, " and I shall be off again 
on the first opportunity." Evening came on ; the 
herdsman foddered the cattle, but observed nothing. 
The other farm-servants came in and out. The Stag 
was still safe. Presently the bailiff passed through ; 
all seemed right. The Stag now feeling himself quite 
secure began to thank the Oxen for their hospitality. 
" Wait a while," said one of them ; " we indeed wish 
you well, but there is yet another person, one with a 
hundred eyes ; if he should happen to come this way 

37 » 



JEsop' s Fables 



I fear your life will be still in jeopardy." While he 

was speaking, the Master, having finished his supper, 

came round to see that all was safe for the night, for 

he thoucrht that his cattle had not of late looked as 

well as they ought. Going up to the rack, " Why 

so little fodder here ? " says he ; " Why is there not 

more straw?" And " How long, I Vv'onder, would it 

take to sweep down these cobwebs ! " Prying and 

observing here and there and everywhere, the Stag's 

antlers, jutting out from the straw, caught his eye, 

and calling in his servants he instantly made prize of 

him. 

No eye like the INIaster's eye. 

THE HARE ^ 

AND THE HOUND # ^ FABLE 53 

A HOUND having put up a Hare from a bush, 
chased her for some distance, but the Hare had 
the best of it, and got off. A Goatherd who was 
coming by, jeered at the Hound, saying that Puss 
was the better runner of the two. " You forget," re- 
plied the Hound, "that it is one thing to be running 
for your dinner, and another for your life." 

THE DOLPHINS 

AND THE SPRAT % % FABLE 54 

THE Dolphins and the Whales were at war with 
one another, and while the battle was at its 
height, the Sprat stepped in and endeavoured to 
separate them. But one of the Dolphins cried out, 
" Let us alone, friend ! We had rather perish in the 
contest, than be reconciled by you." 

38 



- P, V,'*'-^>. 




THE COLLIER AND 
THE FULLER FABLE 55 

COLLIER, who had 
more room in his house 
than he wanted for himself, 
proposed to a Fuller to come 
and take up his quarters with 
him. " Thank you," said the 
Fuller, "but I must decline 
your offer ; for I fear that 
as fast as I whiten my goods 
you will blacken them again." 



There can be little liking where there is no likeness. 



39 




THE LION IN LOVE f ^ FABLE 56 

IT happened in days of old that a Lion fell in love 
with a Woodman's daughter ; and had the folly 
to ask her of her father in marriage. The Woodman 
was not much pleased with the offer, and declined the 
honour of so dangerous an alliance. But upon the 
Lion threatening him with his royal displeasure, the 
poor man, seeing that so formidable a creature was 
not to be denied, hit at length upon this expedient ; 
"I feel greatly flattered," said he, "with your proposal; 
but, noble sir, what great teeth you have got ! and 
what great claws you have got ! where is the damsel 
that would not be frightened at such weapons as 
these ? You must have your teeth drawn and your 
claws pared before you can be a suitable bridegroom 
for my daughter." The Lion straightway submitted 
(for what will not a body do for love ?) and then called 
upon the father to accept him as a son-in-law. But 
the Woodman, no longer afraid of the tamed and dis- 
armed bully, seized a stout cudgel, and drove the 
unreasonable suitor from his door. 

40 




■^mi 



THE WIND ^ 

AND THE SUN FABLE 57 

A DISPUTE once arose be- 
tween the Wind and the 
Sun, which was the stronger of 
the two, and they agreed to 
put the point upon tliis issue, 
that whichever soonest made a 
traveller take off his cloak, 
should be accounted the more 
powerful The Wind began, and 
blew with all his might and main 



41 



j^sop' s Fables 

a blast, cold and fierce as a Thracian storm ; but the 
stronger he blew the closer the traveller wrapped his 
cloak around him, and the tighter he grasped it with his 
hands. Then broke out the Sun : with his welcome 
beams he dispersed the vapour and the cold ; the 
traveller felt the genial warmth, and as the Sun shone 
brighter and brighter, he sat down, overcome with the 
heat, and cast his cloak on the ground. 

Thus the Sun was declared the conqueror ; and it 
has ever been deemed that persuasion is better than 
force ; and that the sunshine of a kind and gentle 
manner will sooner lay open a poor man's heart than 
all the threatenings and force of blustering authority. 



THE FARMER 

AND HIS SONS # ^? FABLE 58 

A FARMER being on the point of death, and 
wishing to show his sons the way to success in 
farming, called them to him, and said, " My children, 
I am now departing from this life, but all that I have 
to leave you, you will find in the vineyard." The 
sons, supposing that he referred to some hidden 
treasure, as soon as the old man was dead, set to 
work with their spades and ploughs and every imple- 
ment that was at hand, and turned up the soil over 
and over again. They found indeed no treasure ; but 
the vines, strengthened and improved by this thorough 
tillage, yielded a finer vintage than they had ever 
yielded before, and more than repaid the young 
husbandmen for all their trouble. So truly is industry 
in itself a treasure. 



42 







THE TREES 

AND THE AXE ^ I FABLE 59 

A WOODMAN came into a forest to ask the 
Trees to give him a handle for his Axe. It 
seemed so modest a request that the principal Trees 
at once agreed to it, and it was settled among them 
that the plain homely Ash should furnish what was 
wanted. No sooner had the Woodman fitted the staff 
to his purpose, than he began laying about him on all 
sides, felling the noblest Trees in the wood. The Oak 
now seeing the whole matter too late, whispered to 
the Cedar, " The first concession has lost all ; if we 
had not sacrificed our humble neighbour, we might 
have yet stood for ages ourselves." 

When the rich surrender the rights of the poor, 
they give a handle to be used against their own 
privileges. 

43 




THE ASS 

AND THE LAP-DOG 



V3!^ 



\yp 



FABLE 60 



THERE was an Ass and a Lap-dog that belonged 
to the same master. The Ass was tied up in 
the stable, and had plenty of corn and hay to eat, and 
was as well off as Ass could be. The little Dog was 
always sporting and gambolling about, caressing and 
fawning upon his master in a thousand amusing ways, 
so that he became a great favourite, and was permitted 
to lie in his master's lap. The Ass, indeed, had enough 
to do ; he was drawing wood all day, and had to take 
his turn at the mill at night. But while he grieved 
over his own lot, it galled him more to see the Lap- 
dog living in such ease and luxury ; so thinking that 
if he acted a like part to his master, he should fare 
the same, he broke one day from his halter, and rush- 
ing into the hall began to kick and prance about in 
the strangest fashion ; then swishing his tail and 

44 



^sop^s Fables 



mimicking the frolics of the favourite, he upset the 
table where his master was at dinner, breaking it in 
two and smashing all the crockery; nor would he 
leave off till he jumped upon his master, and pawed 
him with his rough-shod feet. The servants, seeing 
their master in no little danger, thought it was now 
high time to interfere, and having released him from 
the Ass's caresses, they so belaboured the silly creature 
with sticks and staves, that he never got up again ; 
and as he breathed his last, exclaimed, " Why could 
not I have been satisfied with my natural position, 
without attempting, by tricks and grimaces, to imitate 
one who was but a puppy after all ! " 

THE BLIND MAN 

AND THE WHELP '# ^ FABLE 61 

A BLIND Man was wont, on any animal being put 
into his hands, to say what it was. Once they 
brought to him a Wolfs whelp. He felt it all over, 
and being in doubt, said, '' I know not whether thy 
father was a Dog or a Wolf; but this I know, that I 
would not trust thee among a flock of sheep." 

Evil dispositions are early shown. 

THE DOVE f 

AND THE CROW f f FABLE 62 

A DOVE that was kept shut up in a cage was con- 
gratulating herself upon the number of her 
family. " Cease, good soul," said a Crow, " to boast 
on that subject ; for the more young ones you have, 
so many more slaves will you have to groan over." 

What are blessings in freedom are curses in slavery, 

45 




omnii/f* 






THE WOLVES 

AND THE SHEEP FABLE 63 

ONCE on a time, the Wolves 
sent an embassy to the 
Sheep, desiring that there might 
be peace between them for the 
time to come. " Why," said they, 
"should we be for ever waging 
this deadly strife? Those wicked 
Dogs are the cause of all ; they 
are incessantly barking at us, and 
provoking us. Send them away, 
and there will be no longer any 
obstacle to our eternal friendship 
and peace." The silly Sheep 



^'^i//< 



listened, the Dogs were dismissed, and the flock, thus 
deprived of their best protectors, became an easy 
prey to their treacherous enemy. 

46 



^sop's Fables 

THE LION ^ 

AND THE FOX 'f I FABLE 64 

A FOX agreed to wait upon a Lion in the capacity 
of a servant Each for a time performed the 
part belonging to his station ; the Fox used to point 
out the prey, and the Lion fell upon it and seized it. 
But the Fox beginning to think himself as good a 
beast as his master, begged to be allowed to hunt the 
game instead of finding it. His request was granted, 
but as he was in the act of making a descent upon a 
herd, the huntsmen came out upon him, and he was 
himself made the prize. 

Keep to your place, and your place will keep you. 

JUPITER % 

AND THE CAMEL % % FABLE 65 

WHEN the Camel, in days of yore, besought 
Jupiter to grant him horns, for that it was a 
great grief to him to see other animals furnished with 
them, while he had none ; Jupiter not only refused to 
give him the horns he asked for, but cropped his ears 
short for his importunity. 

By asking too much, we may lose the little that we 
had before. 

THE ASS ^ 1? 

AND THE GRASSHOPPER f FABLE 66 

AN Ass hearing some Grasshoppers chirping, was 
delighted with the music, and determining, if he 
could, to rival them, asked them what it was that they 
fed upon to make them sing so sweetly ? When they 
told him that they supped upon nothing but dew, the 
Ass betook himself to the same diet, and soon died of 
hunger. 

One man's meat is another man's poison. 

47 



j^sop's Fables 



HERCULES AND 

THE WAGGONER FABLE 67 

AS a Countryman was carelessly 
driving his waggon along a 
miry lane, his wheels stuck so deep 
in the clay that the horses came to 
a stand-still. Upon this the man, 
without making the least effort of 
his own, began to call upon Hercules 




to come and help him out of his trouble. But 
Hercules bade him lay his shoulder to the wheel, 
assuring him that Heaven only aided those who 
endeavoured to help themselves. 

It is In vain to expect our prayers to be heard, 
if we do not strive as well as pray. 

48 




fi^ 



THE FOX 
WITHOUT A TAIL 



FABLE 68 



A FOX being caught in a trap, was glad to com- 
pound for his neck by leaving his tail behind 
him ; but upon coming abroad into the world, he 
began to be so sensible of the disgrace such a defect 
would bring upon him, that he almost wished he had 
died rather than come away without it. However, 
resolving to make the best of a bad matter, he called 
a meeting of the rest of the Foxes, and proposed 
that all should follow his example. " You have no 
notion," said he, " of the ease and comfort with which 
I now move about : I could never have believed it if I 
had not tried it myself ; but really, when one comes 
to reason upon it, a tail is such an ugly, inconvenient, 
unnecessary appendage, that the only wonder is that, 
as Foxes, we could have put up with it so long, I 
propose, therefore, my worthy brethren, that you 
all profit by the experience that I am most willing to 
afford you, and that all Foxes from this day forward 

49 E 



j^sop's Fables 

cut off their tails.'*" Upon this one of the oldest 
stepped forward, and said, " I rather think, my friend, 
that you would not have advised us to part with our 
tails, if there were any chance of recovering your own.'" 



THE OLD WOMAN 

AND THE PHYSICIAN # # FABLE 69 

AN old Woman, who had become blind, called in a 
Physician, and promised him, before witnesses, 
that if he would' restore her eyesight, she would give 
him a most handsome reward, but that if he did not 
cure her, and her malady remained, he should receive 
nothing. The agreement being concluded, the Phy- 
sician tampered from time to time with the old lady's 
eyes, and meanwhile, bit by bit, carried off her goods. 
At length after a time he set about the task in earnest 
and cured her, and thereupon asked for the stipulated 
fee. But the old Woman, on recovering her sight, 
saw none of her goods left in the house. When, 
therefore, the Physician importuned her in vain for 
payment, and she continually put him off with excuses, 
he summoned her at last before the Judges. Being 
now called upon for her defence, she said, " What this 
man says is true enough ; I promised to give him his 
fee if my sight were restored, and nothing if my eyes 
continued bad. Now then, he says that I am cured, 
but I say just the contrary ; for when my malady first 
came on I could see all sorts of furniture and goods 
in my house ; but now, when he says he has restored 
my sight, I cannot see one jot of either." 

He who plays a trick must be prepared to take a 
joke. 

50 




^lyi*-/ iriyios/^ 



THE HARES f 
AND THE FROGS 






FABLE 70 



ONCE upon a time, the Hares, driven desperate 
by the many enemies that compassed them 
about on every side, came to the sad resolution that 
there was nothing left for them but to make away 
with themselves, one and all. Off they scudded to a 
lake hard by, determined to drown themselves as the 
most miserable of creatures. A shoal of Frogs seated 
upon the bank, frightened at the approach of the 
Hares, leaped in the greatest alarm and confusion into 
the water. " Nay, then, my friends," said a Hare that 
was foremost, " our case is not so desperate yet ; for 
here are other poor creatures more faint-hearted than 
ourselves." 

Take not comfort, but courage, from another's 
distress ; and be sure, whatever your misery, that 
there are some whose lot you would not exchange 
with your own. 

SI 







't/-" 



\,,-"t^' C^^^^^^vvV'l - -■^^>^, 







'''fc^««^>;.^<V 



THE HUSBANDMAN 
AND THE STORK I 



^ 



FABLE 7f 



A HUSBANDMAN fixed a net in his field to catch 
the Cranes that came to feed on his new-sown, 
corn. When he went to examine the net, and see 
what Cranes he had taken, a Stork was found among 
the number. " Spare me," cried the Stork, " and let me 
go. I am no Crane. I have eaten none of your corn. 
I am a poor innocent Stork, as you may see — the 
most pious and dutiful of birds. I honour and 

succour my father and mother. I " But the 

Husbandman cut him short. "All this may be true 
enough, I dare say, but this I know, that I have 
caught you with those who were destroying my crops, 
and you must suffer with the compan}' in which you 
are taken." 

Ill company proves more than fair professions. 

52 




THE ANGLER AND 
THE LITTLE FISH 



FABLE 72 



AN Angler, who gained his HveUhood by fishing, 
after a long day's toil, caught nothing but one 
little fish. " Spare me," said the little creature, " I 
beseech you ; so small as I am, I shall make you but 
a sorry meal. I am not come to my full size yet ; 
throw me back into the river for the present, and then 
when I am grown bigger and worth eating, you may 
come here and catch me again." " No, no," said the 
man ; " I have got you now, but if you once get back 
into the water, your tune will be, ' Catch me if you 



can. 



A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush. 

53 



j^ sop's Fables 



THE MONKEY ^ 

AND THE CAMEL * % FABLE 73 

AT a great meeting of the Beasts, the Monkey 
stood up to dance. Having greatly distinguished 
himself, and being applauded by all present, it moved 
the spleen of the Camel, who came forward and began 
to dance also ; but he made himself so utterly absurd, 
that all the Beasts in indignation set upon him with 
clubs and drove him out of the ring. 

Stretch your arm no further than your sleeve will 
reach. 



THE MOLE f 

AND HER MOTHER W ^ FABLE 74 

SAID a young Mole to her mother, " Mother, I can 
see." So, in order to try her, her Mother put a 
lump of frankincense before her, and asked her what 
it was. " A stone," said the young one. " O, my 
child ! " said the Mother, " not only do you not see, 
but you cannot even smell." 

Brag upon one defect, and betray another. 



THE LIONESS I I FABLE 75 

THERE was a great stir made among all the 
Beasts, which could boast of the largest family. 
So they came to the Lioness. " And how many," 
said they, " do you have at a birth ? " " One," said 
she, grimly ; " but that one is a Lion." 

Quality comes before quantity. 
54 




THE BUNDLE 
OF STICKS 



FABLE 76 



A HUSBANDMAN who had a quarrelsome family, 
after having tried in vain to reconcile them by 
words, thought he might more readily prevail by an 
example. So he called his sons and bade them lay 
a bundle of sticks before him. Then having tied them 
into a faggot, he told the lads, one after the other, to 
take it up and break it. They all tried, but tried in 
vain. Then untying the faggot, he gave them the 
sticks to break one by one. This they did with the 
greatest ease. Then said the father, " Thus you, my 
sons, as long as you remain united, are a match for 
all your enemies ; but differ and separate, and you 
are undone." 

Union is strength. 

55 







c3t 

v3r 



THE MAN ^ 

AND THE LION 



FABLE 77 



ONCE upon a time a Man and a Lion were 
journeying together, and came at length to 
high words which was the braver and stronger crea- 
ture of the two. As the dispute waxed warmer they 
happened to pass by, on the road-side, a statue of a 
man strangHng a Hon. " See there," said the Man ; 
" what more undeniable proof can you have of our 
superiority than that ? " " That," said the Lion, " is 
your version of the story ; let us be the sculptors, 
and for one lion under the feet of a man, you shall 
have twenty men under the paw of a lion." 

Men are but sorry witnesses in their own cause. 



56 






' ~^/}h>^ ^^f.^rj'... r^xjt^-,. ^ 




THE NURSE ^ 

AND THE WOLF ^ FABLE 78 

A WOLF, roving about in search 
of food, passed by a door where 
a child was crying and its Nurse 
chiding it. As he stood h'stening he 
heard the Nurse say, " Now leave off 
crying this instant, or I'll throw you 
out to the Wolf" So thinking that 
the old woman would be as good as 
her word, he waited quietly about 
the house, in expectation of a capital supper. But 

57 



JEsop's Fables 



as it grew dark and the child became quiet, he 
again heard the Nurse, who was now fondling 
the child, say, " There's a good dear then ; if the 
naughty Wolf comes for my child, we'll beat him to 
death, we will." The Wolf, disappointed and morti- 
fied, thought it was now high time to be going home, 
and, hungry as a wolf indeed, muttered as he went 
along : " This comes of heeding people who say one 
thing and mean another ! " 

THE MONKEY I 

AND THE DOLPHIN I f FABLE 79 

IT was an old custom among sailors to carry about 
with them little Maltese lap-dogs, or Monkeys, 
to amuse them on the voyage ; so it happened once 
upon a time that a man took with him a Monkey as 
a companion on board ship. While they were off 
Sunium, the famous promontory of Attica, the ship 
was caught in a violent storm, and being capsized, all 
on board were thrown in the water, and had to swim 
for land as best they could. And among them was 
the Monkey. A Dolphin saw him struggling, and, 
taking him for a man, went to his assistance and bore 
him on his back straight for shore. When they had 
just got opposite Piraeus, the harbour of Athens, the 
Dolphin asked the Monkey if he were an Athenian ? 
" Yes," answered the Monkey, " assuredly, and of one 
of the first families in the place." " Then, of course, 
you know Piraeus," said the Dolphin. " Oh, yes," said 
the Monkey, who thought it was the name of some 
distinguished citizen, " he is one of my most intimate 
friends." Indignant at so gross a deceit and false- 
hood, the Dolphin dived to the bottom, and left the 
lying Monkey to his fate. 

58 







THE HORSE ^ 
AND THE STAG 



f f 



FABLE 80 



AHORSE had the whole range of a meadow to 
himself; but a Stag coming and damaging the 
pasture, the Horse, anxious to have his revenge, 
asked a Man if he could not assist him in punishing 
the Stag. " Yes," said the Man, " only let me put a bit 
in your mouth, and get upon your back, and I will 
find the weapons." The Horse agreed, and the Man 
mounted accordingly ; but instead of getting his 
revenge, the Horse has been from that time for\vard 
the slave of man. 

Revenge is too dearly purchased at the price of 
liberty. 

59 



j^sop's Fables 



THE WOLF ^ 

AND THE SHEEP ^ # FABLE 81 

A WOLF that had been bitten by a dog, and was 
in a very sad case, being unable to move, 
called to a Sheep, that was passing by, and begged 
her to fetch him some water from the neighbouring 
stream ; " For if you," said he, " will bring me drink, 
I will find meat myself" " Yes," said the Sheep, " I 
make no doubt of it ; for, if I come near enough to 
give you the drink, you will soon make mince-meat of 



me" 



m.. 



THE WIDOW s^ 

AND THE SHEEP ^ ^ FABLE 82 

THERE was a certain Widow who had an only 
Sheep ; and, wishing to make the most of his 
wool, she sheared him so closely that she cut his skin 
as well as his fleece. The Sheep, smarting under this 
treatment, cried out — " Why do you torture me thus ? 
What will my blood add to the weight of the wool ? 
If you want my flesh. Dame, send for the Butcher, 
who will put me out of my misery at once ; but if you 
want my fleece, send for the Shearer, who will clip 
my wool without drawing my blood." 

Middle measures are often but middling measures. 

THE DOG ^ 

AND HIS MASTER ^ ^ FABLE 83 

A CERTAIN Man was setting out on a journey, 
when, seeing his Dog standing at the door, he 
cried out to him, " What are you gaping about ? Get 
ready to come with me." The Dog, wagging his tail, 
said, " I am all right, Master ; it is you who have to 
pack up." 

6o 




^^ft:c^^£$^;'^ ./4ii. 



THE ^ f 
MISCHIEVOUS DOG 



FABLE 84 



THERE was a Dog so wild and mischievous, that 
his master was obh'ged to fasten a heavy clog 
about his neck, to prevent him biting and worrying 
his neighbours. The Dog, priding himself upon his 
badge, paraded in the market-place, shaking his clog 
to attract attention. But a sly friend whispered to 
him, " The less noise you make the better ; your mark 
of distinction is no reward of merit, but a badge of 
disgrace ! " 

Men often mistake notoriety for fame, and would 
rather be remarked for their vices or follies than not 
be noticed at all. 



6i 



j^sop's Fables 



THE BIRDCATCHER 

AND THE LARK ^ * FABLE 85 

A BIRDCATCHER was setting springes upon a 
common, when a Lark, who saw him at work, 
asked him from a distance what he was doing. " I am 
estabHshing a colony," said he, " and laying the found- 
ations of my first city." Upon that, the Man retired 
to a little distance and hid himself The Lark, 
believing his assertion, soon flew down to the place, 
and swallowing the bait, found himself entangled in 
the noose ; whereupon the Birdcatcher straightway 
coming up to him, made him his prisoner. " A pretty 
fellow are you ! " said the Lark ; " if these are the 
'Colonies you found, you will not find many immigrants." 

THE SWALLOW 

AND THE RAVEN ? ? FABLE 86 

THE Swallow and the Raven contended which 
was the finer bird. The Raven ended by saying, 
" Your beauty is but for the summer, but mine will 
stand many winters." 

Durability is better than show. 

THE FARTHING 

RUSHLIGHT % * FABLE 87 

A RUSH LIGHT that had grown fat and saucy with 
too much grease, boasted one evening before a 
large company, that it shone brighter than the sun, 
the moon, and all the stars. At that moment, a puff 
of wind came and blew it out. One who lighted it 
again said, " Shine on, friend Rushlight, and hold 
your tongue ; the lights of heaven are never blown 
out." 

62 










THE HERDSMAN 

AND THE LOST BULL f 



FABLE 88 



A HERDSMAN, who had lost a Bull, went roam- 
ing through the forest in search of it. Being 
unable to find it, he began to vow to all the Nymphs 
of the forest and the mountain, to Mercury and to 
Pan, that he would offer up a lamb to them, if he could 
only discover the thief At that moment, gaining a 
high ridge of ground, he sees a Lion standing over 
the carcase of his beautiful Bull. And now the 

63 



j^sop's Fables 



unhappy man vows the Bull into the bargain, if he 
may only escape from the thief's clutches. 

Were our ill-judged prayers to be always granted, 
how many would be ruined at their own request ! 

THE MAN # 

BITTEN BY A DOG # ^ FABLE 89 

A MAN who had been bitten by a Dog, was 
going about asking who could cure him. One 
that met him said, " Sir, if you would be cured, take a 
bit of bread and dip it in the blood of the wound, and 
give it to the dog that bit you." The Man smiled, and 
said, " If I were to follow your advice, I should be 
bitten by all the dogs in the city." 

He who proclaims himself ready to buy up his 
enemies will never want a supply of them. 



THE TRAVELLERS » 

AND THE PLANE-TREE ® FABLE 90 

SOME Travellers, on a hot day in summer, op- 
pressed with the noontide sun, perceiving a 
Plane-tree near at hand, made straight for it, and 
throwing themselves on the ground rested under its 
shade. Looking up, as they lay, towards the tree, 
they said one to another, "What a useless tree to man 
is this barren Plane ! " But the Plane-tree answered 
them, — " Ungrateful creatures ! at the very moment 
that you are enjoying benefit from me, you rail at me 
as being good for nothing." 

In<::^ratitude is as blind as it is base. 

64 




9 



THE OAK 

AND THE REED 



FABLE 91 



AN Oak that had been rooted up by the winds was 
borne down the stream of a river, on the banks 
of \vhich many Reeds were growing. The Oak 
wondered to see that things so shght and frail had 
stood the storm, when so great and strong a tree as 
himself had been rooted up. " Cease to wonder," 
said the Reed, " you were overthrown by fighting 
against the storm, while we are saved by yielding and 
bending to the slightest breath that blows." 



THE VIPER 
AND THE FILE 



I I 



FABLE 92 



A VIPER entering into a smith's shop began 
looking about for something to eat. At length, 
seeing a File, he went up to it, and commenced biting 
at it ; but the File bade him leave him alone, saying, 
'' You are likely to get little from me, whose business 
it is to bite others." 

65 F 



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■fete 



.^11 



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l^/.^'S 









^ ,.^ 



MERCURY 1^ FABLE 93 
AND THE WOODMAN 

A WOODMAN was felling a 
tree on the bank of a river, 
and by chance let slip his axe 
into the water, when it immedi- 
ately sunk to the bottom. Being 
' thereupon in great distress, he 

sat down by the side of the 
stream and lamented his loss bitterly. But Mercury, 
whose river it was, taking compassion on him, 
appeared at the instant before him ; and hearing 
from him the cause of his sorrow, dived to the 
bottom of the river, and bringing up a golden axe, 
asked the Woodman if that were his. Upon the 



j^sQp's Fables 



man's denying it, Mercury dived a second time, and 
brought up one of silver. Again the man denied that 
it was his. So diving a third tim.e, he produced the 
identical axe which the man had lost. " That is 
mine ! " said the Woodman, delighted to have recovered 
his own ; and so pleased was Mercury with the 
fellow's truth and honesty, that he at once made him 
a present of the other two. 

The man goes to his companions, and giving them 
an account of what had happened to him, one of them 
determined to try whether he might not have the like 
good fortune. So repairing to the same place, as if for 
the purpose of cutting wood, he let slip his axe on 
purpose into the river, and then sat down on the bank, 
and made a great show of weeping. Mercury appeared 
as before, and hearing from him that his tears were 
caused by the loss of his axe, dived once more into 
the stream ; and bringing up a golden axe, asked him 
if that was the axe he had lost. " Aye, surely," said 
the man, eagerly ; and he was about to grasp the 
treasure, when Mercury, to punish his impudence and 
lying, not only refused to give him that, but would not 
so much as restore him his own axe again. 

Honesty is the best policy. 

THE GEESE % 

AND THE CRANES ® ®» FABLE 94 

SOME Geese and some Cranes fed together in the 
same field. One day the sportsman came sud- 
denly down upon them. The Cranes being light of 
body, flew off in a moment and escaped ; but the 
Geese, weighed down by their fat, were all taken. 

In civil commotions, they fare best who have least 
to fetter them. 

67 




- jl',„ 






^m^M-^-"^ 



THE LION AND ^ ^ 

OTHER BEASTS HUNTING 



FABLE 95 



THE Lion and other beasts fornaed an alliance to 
go out a-hunting. When they had taken a fat 
stag, the Lion proposed himself as commissioner, and 
dividing it into three parts, thus proceeded : " The 
first," said he, " I shall take officially, as king ; -the 
second I shall take for my own personal share in the 
chase ; and as for the third part, — let him take it who 
dares." 

THE EAGLE ^ 

AND THE ARROW ^ f FABLE 96 

A BOWMAN took aim at an Eagle and hit him in 
the heart. As the Eagle turned his head in the 
agonies of death, he saw that the Arrow was winged 
with his own feathers. " How much sharper," said he, 
"are the wounds made by weapons which we ourselves 
have supplied ! " 

6Z 




^^^^RS^^-^'" '"^^ 



THE DOG IN 
THE MANGER 



# # FABLE 97 

A DOG made his bed in a Manger, and lay snarling 
and growling to keep the horses from their 
provender. " See," said one of them, " what a miserable 
cur ! who neither can eat corn himself, nor will allow 
those to eat it who can." 



THE GNAT ^ 

AND THE BULL ^5 ® FABLE 98 

A GNAT that had been buzzing about the head of 
a Bull, at length settling himself down upon his 
horn, begged his pardon for incommoding him ; " but 
if," says he, " my weight at all inconveniences you, 
pray say so and I will be off in a moment." " Oh, 
never trouble your head about that," says the Bull, 
*'for 'tis all one to me whether you go or stay ; and, to 
say the truth, I did not know you were there." 

The smaller the Mind the greater the Conceit. 

6g ^ 



^ sop's Fables 

JUPITER, NEPTUNE, 

MINERVA, AND MOMUS I FABLE 99 

JUPITER, Neptune, and Minerva (as the story goes) 
once contended which of them should make the 
most perfect thing. Jupiter made a Man ; Pallas made 
a House ; and Neptune made a Bull ; and Momus — 
for he had not yet been turned out of Olympus — was 
chosen judge to decide which production had the 
greatest merit. He began by finding fault with the 
Bull, because his horns were not below his eyes, so that 
he might see when he butted with them. Next he 
found fault with the Man, because there was no 
window in his breast that all might see his inward 
thoughts and feelings. And lastly he found fault with 
the House, because it had no wheels to enable its 
inhabitants to remov^e from bad neighbours. But 
Jupiter forthwith drove the critic out of heaven, telling 
him that a fault-finder could never be pleased, and that 
it was time to criticise the works of others when he had 
done some good thing himself. 

THE MARRIAGE 

OF THE SUN ^ ^ FABLE 100 

ONCE upon a time, in a very warm summer, it 
was currently reported that the Sun was going 
to be married. All the birds and the beasts were 
delighted at the thought ; and the Frogs, above all 
others, were determined to have a good holiday. But 
an old Toad put a stop to their festivities by observ- 
ing that it was an occasion for sorrow rather than for 
joy. " For if," said he, " the Sun of himself now parches 
up the marshes so that we can hardly bear it, what 
will become of us if he should have half-a-dozen little 
Suns in addition ? " 

70 







THE THIEF 

AND HIS MOTHER ^ m FABLE 101 

A SCHOOLBOY stole a horn-book from one of 
jt~\. his schoolfellows, and brought it home to his 
mother. Instead of chastising him, she rather 
encouraged him in the deed. In course of time the 
boy, now grown into a man, began to steal things of 
greater value, till at length, being caught in the very- 
act, he was bound and led to execution. Perceiving 
his mother following among the crowd, wailing and 
beating her breast, he begged the officers to be allowed 
to speak one word in her ear. When she quickly 
drew near and applied her ear to her son's mouth, he 
seized the lobe of it tightly between his teeth and bit 
it off. Upon this she cried out lustily, and the 
crov/d joined her in upbraiding her unnatural son, as if 

71 



^ sop's Fables 



_ fi 




bethought herself how 
might 



his former evil ways had not been enough, but that 
his last act must be a deed of impiety against his 
mother. But he replied : " It is she who is the cause 
of my ruin ; for if when I stole my schoolfellow's horn- 
book and brought it to her, she had given me a sound 
flogging, I should never have so grown in wickedness 
as to come to this untimely end." 

Nip evil in the bud. Spare the rod and spoil the 
child. 

THE CAT ^ 

AND THE MICE ^ ^ FABLE 102 

A CAT, grown feeble with age, and no longer able 
to hunt the INIice as she was wont to do, 

she 
entice them within 
reach of her paw. Thinking 
that she might pass herself 
off for a bag, or for a dead 
cat at least, she suspended 
herself by the hind legs from 
a peg, in the hope that the 
Mice would no longer be afraid 
to come near her. An old 
Mouse, who was wise enough 
to keep his distance, whis- 
pered to a friend, " Many a 
bag have I seen in my day, but 
never one with a cat's head." 
" Hang there, good Madam," 
said the other, "as long as 
you please, but I would not 
trust myself within reach of 
you though you were stuffed 
with straw." 
Old birds are not to be caught with chaff. 

72 



j^sop's Fables 



THE LION AND HIS 

THREE COUNCILLORS f FABLE 103 

^^HE Lion called the Sheep to ask her if his 
breath smelt : she said Aye ; he bit off her 
head for a fool. He called the Wolf, and asked him : 
he said No ; he tore him in pieces for a flatterer. At 
last he called the Fox, and asked him. Truly he 
had got a cold, and could not smell. 

Wise men say nothing in dangerous times. 



THE COUNTRY MAID 
AND HER MILK CAN 



FABLE 104 



A COUNTRY MAID was 
walking along with a can 
of Milk upon her head, when she 
fell into the following train of 
reflections. " The money for 
which I shall sell this milk will 
enable me to increase my stock 
of eggs to three hundred. These 
eggs, allowing for what may 
prove addle, and what may be 
destroyed by vermin, will pro- 
duce at least two hundred and 
fifty chickens. The chickens will 
be fit to carry to market just at 
the time when poultry is always 
dear ; so that by the new-year I 
cannot fail of having money 
enough to purchase a new gown. 
Green — let me consider — yes, 
green becomes my complexion 
best, and green it shall be. In 
this dress I will go to the fair, where all the young 

1Z 




j^sop's Fables 



fellows will strive to have me for a partner ; but no — 
I shall refuse every one of them, and with a disdainful 

toss turn from them." Trans- 
ported with this idea, she could 
not forbear acting with her 
head the thought that thus 
passed in her mind; when, 
down came the can of milk ! 
and all her imaginary happi- 
ness vanished in a moment. 




fl _ hill 11 I i t i 1 1 1 I 
1 



^ 



^^^ 



THE BEEVES 

AND THE BUTCHERS \^ FABLE 105 

THE Beeves, once on a time, determined to make 
an end of the Butchers, whose whole art, they 
said, was conceived for their destruction. So they 
assembled together, and had already whetted their 
horns for the contest, when a very old Ox, who had 
long worked at the plough, thus addressed them — 
*' Have a care, my friends, what you do. These men, 
at least, kill us with decency and skill, but if we fall 
into the hands of botchers instead of butchers, we 
shall suffer a double death ; for be well assured, men 
will not go without beef, even though they were 
without butchers." 

Better to bear the ills we have, than fly to others 
that we know not of. 

74 




THE TWO POTS 



FABLE 106 



TWO Pots, one of earthenware, the other of brass, 
were carried down a river in a flood. The 
Brazen Pot begged his companion to keep by his side, 
and he would protect him. " Thank you for }'our 
offer," said the Earthen Pot, " but that is just what I 
am afraid of; if you will only keep at a distance^. 
I may float down in safety ; but should we come in 
contact, I am sure to be the sufferer." 

Avoid too powerful neighbours ; for should there 
be a collision, the weakest goes to the wall. 






THE DOCTOR 
AND HIS PATIENT 






FABLE 107 



A DOCTOR had been for some time attending^ 
upon a sick Man, who, however, died under his 
hands. At the funeral the Doctor went about amonsf 
the relations, saying, " Our poor friend there, if he 
had only refrained from wine, and attended to his 
inside, and used proper means, would not have been 
lying there." One of the mourners answered him, 
" My good sir, it is of no use your saying this now ; 
you ought to have prescribed these things when your 
patient was alive to take them." 

The best advice may come too late. 

75 



j^sop's Fables 



THE MICE 

IN COUNCIL * # FABLE 108 

ONCE upon a time the Mice being sadly distressed 
by the persecution of the Cat, resolved to call a 
meeting, to decide upon the best means of getting rid of 
this continual annoyance. Many plans were discussed 
and rejected ; at last a young Mouse got up and pro- 
posed that a Bell should be hung round the Cat's 
neck, that they might for the future always have notice 
of her coming, and so be able to escape. This propo- 
sition was hailed with the greatest applause, and was 
agreed to at once unanimously. Upon which an old 
Mouse, who had sat silent all the while, got up and 
said that he considered the contrivance most ingenious, 
and that it would, no doubt, be quite successful ; but 
he had only one short question to put, namely, which 
of them it was who would Bell the Cat ? 

It is one thing to propose, and another to execute. 

THE LION ^ ^ ^ 

AND THE GOAT f f FABLE 109 

ON a summer's day, when ever}^thing was suffer- 
ing from extreme heat, a Lion and a Goat 
came at the same time to quench their thirst at a 
small fountain. They at once fell to quarrelling 
which should first drink of the water, till at length it 
seemed that each was determined to resist the other 
even to death. But, ceasing from the strife for a mo- 
ment, to recover breath, they saw a flock of vultures 
hovering over them, only waiting to pounce upon 
whichever of them should fall. Whereupon they 
instantly made up their quarrel, agreeing that iit was 
far better for them both to become friends, than to 
furnish food for the crows and vultures. 

76 




THE GOOSE WITH 
THE GOLDEN EGGS 



FABLE 110 



A CERTAIN man had the good fortune to possess 
a Goose that laid him a Golden Egg every day. 
But dissatisfied with so slow an income, and thinking 
to seize the whole treasure at once, he killed the 
Goose ; and cutting her open, found her — just what 
any other goose would be ! 

]\Iuch wants more and loses all. 






THE MOUNTEBANK 
AND THE COUNTRYMAN 



FABLE 111 



A CERTAIN wealthy patrician, intending to treat 
the Roman people with some theatrical enter- 
tainment, publicly offered a reward to any one who 
would produce a novel spectacle. Incited b}- emula- 
tion, artists arrived from all parts to contest the prize, 
among whom a well-known witty Mountebank gave 
out that he had a new kind of entertainment that had 

77 



j^sop's Fables 



never yet been produced on any stage. This report 
being spread abroad, brought the whole city together. 
The theatre could hardly contain the number of 
spectators. And when the artist appeared alone upon 
the stage, without any apparatus, or any assistants, 
curiosity and suspense kept the spectators in profound 
silence. On a sudden he thrust down his head into 
his bosom, and mimicked the squeaking of a young 
pig, so naturally, that the audience insisted upon it 
that he had one under his cloak, and ordered him to 
be searched ; which being done, and nothing appear- 
ing, they loaded him with the most extravagant 
applause. 

A Countryman among the audience observing what 
passed — " Oh ! " says he, " I can do better than this ; " 
and immediately gave out that he would perform the 
next day. Accordingly on the morrow, a yet greater 
crowd was collected. Prepossessed, however, in favour 
of the Mountebank, they came rather to laugh at the 
Countryman than to pass a fair judgment on him. 
They both came out upon the stage. The Mounte- 
bank grunts away first, and calls forth the greatest 
clapping and applause. Then the Countryman, pre- 
tending that he concealed a little pig under his 
garments (and he had, in fact, really got one) pinched 
its ear till he made it squeak. The people cried 
out that the Mountebank had imitated the pig much 
more naturally, and hooted to the Countryman to 
quit the stage ; but he, to convict them to their face, 
produced the real pig from his bosom. " And now, 
gentlemen, you may see," said he, " what a pretty sort 
of judges you are ! " 

It is easier to convince a man against his senses 
than against his will. 

78 







^~- •^-«*-'»'rrt- -.T'-^i'7tteue;g=a ai *->*: '   — . 






A 



THE DOG INVITED 
TO SUPPER ^ FABLE 112 
GENTLEMAN, having: 
prepared a great feast, in- 
vited a Friend to supper; and 
the Gentleman's Dog, meeting the Friend's Dog, 
" Come," said he, " my good fellow, and sup with us 
to-night." The Dog was delighted with the invitation, 
and as he stood by and saw the preparations for the 
feast, said to himself, " Capital fare indeed ! this is, in 
truth, good luck. I shall revel in dainties, and I will 
take good care to lay in an ample stock to-night, for I 
may have nothing to eat to-morrow." As he said this 
to himself, he wagged his tail, and gave a sly look at his 
friend who had invited him. But his tail wagging to 
and fro caught the cook's eye, who seeing a stranger, 
straightway seized him by the legs, and threw him 
out of window. When he reached the ground, he set 
off yelping down the street ; upon which the neigh- 

79 



u^sop's Fables 



bour's Dog ran up to him, and asked him how he 
hked his supper. " I 'faith," said he, with a sorry 
smile, " I hardly know, for we drank so deep that I 
can't even tell you which way I got out of the house." 
They who enter by the back-stairs may expect to 
be shown out at the window 

THE GOATHERD 

AND THE GOATS ^ ® FABLE 113 

IT was a stormy day, and the snow was falling fast, 
when a Goatherd drove his Goats, all white with 
snow, into a desert cave for shelter. There he found 
that a herd of Wild-goats, more numerous and larger 
than his own, had already taken possession. So 
thinking to secure them all he left his own Goats to 
take care of themselves, and threw the branches which 
he had brought for them to the Wild-goats to browse 
on. But when the weather cleared up, he found his 
own Goats had perished from hunger, while the Wild- 
goats were off and away to the hills and woods. So 
the Goatherd returned a laughing-stock to his neigh- 
bours, having failed to gain the Wild-goats, and 
having lost his own. 

They who neglect their old friends for the ' sake 
of new, are rightly served if they lose both. 

THE FISHERMAN ^ ^ FABLE 114 

A FISHERMAN went to a river to fish; and 
when he had laid his nets across the stream, he 
tied a stone to a long cord, and beat the water on 
either side of the net, to drive the fish into the meshes. 
One of the neighbours that lived thereabout seeing 
him thus employed, went up to him and blamed him 
exceedingly for disturbing the water, and making it so 
muddy as to be unfit to drink. " I am sorry," said the 
Fisherman, " that this does not please you, but it is 
by thus troubling the waters that I gain my living." 

80 




THE FROGS 

ASKING FOR A KING f FABLE 115 

N the days of old, when the Frogs were all 



I 



^y 



at liberty in the lakes, and had grown ^^^_ 
quite weary of following every one his own ^^^r 
devices, they assembled one day together, and ~~ 
with no little clamour petitioned Jupiter to let 
them have a King to keep them in better 
order, and make them lead 
honester lives. Jupiter know- 
ing the vanity of their hearts. 




8i 



G 



JEsoi)" s Fables 

J. 

smiled at their request, and threw down a Log into 
the Lake, which by the splash and commotion it made 
sent the whole commonwealth into the greatest terror 
and amazement. They rushed under the water and 
into the mud, and dared not come within ten leaps* 
length of the spot where it lay. At length one Frog 
bolder than the rest ventured to pop his head above 
the water, and take a survey of their new King at a 
respectful distance. Presently, when they perceived 
the Log lie stock-still, others began to swim up to it 
and around it ; till by degrees, growing bolder and 
bolder, they at last leaped upon it, and treated it with 
the greatest contempt. Dissatisfied with so tame a 
ruler, they forthwith petitioned Jupiter a second time 
for another and more active King. Upon which he 
sent them a Stork, who no sooner arrived among them 
than he began laying hold of them and devouring 
them one by one as fast as he could, and it was in 
vain that they endeavoured to escape him. Then 
they sent Mercury with a private message to Jupiter, 
beseeching him that he would take pity on them 
once more ; but Jupiter replied, that they were only 
suffering the punishment due to their folly, and that 
another time they would learn to let well alone, and 
not be dissatisfied with their natural condition. 

THE ASS % 

AND HIS MASTERS ® ® FABLE 116 

AN Ass, that belonged to a Gardener, and had 
little to eat and much to do, besought Jupiter 
to release him from the Gardener's service, and give 
him another master. Jupiter, angry at his discontent, 
made him over to a Potter. He had now heavier 
burdens to carry than before, and again appealed to 
Jupiter to relieve him, who accordingly contrived that 

83 



JEsop's Fables 



he should be sold to a Tannen The Ass having now 
fallen into worse hands than ever, and daily observing 
how his master was employed, exclaimed with a 
groan, " Alas, wretch that I am ! it had been bettei 
for me to have remained content with my former 
masters, for nov/ I see that my present owner not only 
works me harder while living, but will not even spare 
my hide when I am dead." 

He that is discontented in one place will seldom be 
happy in another. 




THE THIEF AND 
THE DOG ^ FABLE 117 

A THIEF coming to 
rob a house would 
have stopped the barking 
of a Dog by throwing sops 
to him. " Away with you ! " 
said the Dog ; " I had my 
suspicions of you before, but 
this excess of civility assures 
me that you are a rogue." 
A bribe in a hand betrays mischief at heart. 

83 



j^sop's Fables 

JUPITER ^ ^ ^ 

AND THE BEE ? ? FABLE 118 

IN days of yore, when the world was young, a Bee 
that had stored her combs w^ith a bountiful harvest 
flew up to heaven to present as a sacrifice an offering 
of honey. Jupiter was so delighted with the gift, that 
he promised to give her whatsoever she should ask 
for. She therefore besought him, saying, " O glorious 
Jove, maker and master of me, poor Bee, give thy 
servant a sting, that when any one approaches my 
hive to take the honey, I may kill him on the spot." 
Jupiter, out of love to man, was angry at her request, 
and thus answered her : " Your prayer shall not be 
granted in the way you wish, but the sting which }'ou 
ask for you shall have ; and when any one comes to 
take away your honey and you attack him, the wound 
shall be fatal not to him but to you, for your life shall 
go with your sting." 

He that prays harm for his neighbour begs a curse 
upon himself 



THE HUNTER 

AND THE FISHERMAN ^ FABLE 119 

A HUNTER was returning from the mountains 
loaded with game, and a Fisherman was at the 
same time coming home with his creel full of fish, 
when they chanced to meet by the way. The Hunter 
took a fancy to a dish of fish : the Fisher preferred 
a supper of game. So each gave to the other the 
contents of his own basket. And thus they continued 
daily to exchange provisions, till one who had observed 
them said : " Now, by this invariable interchange, will 
they destroy the zest of their meal ; and each will 
soon wish to return to his own store as:ain." 

84 



"■iD' 







THE LARK AND 

HER YOUNG ONES m^ ^# FABLE 120 

THERE was a brood of Young Larks in a field 
of corn, which was just ripe, and the mother, 
looking every day for the reapers, left word, whenever 
she went out in search of food, that her young ones 
should report to her all the news they heard. One 
day, while she was absent, the master came to look 
at the state of the crop. " It is full time," said he, " to 
call in all my neighbours and get my corn reaped." 
When the old Lark came home, the young ones told 
their mother what they had heard, and begged her to 
remove them forthwith. " Time enough," said she ; 
'• if he trusts to his neighbours, he will have to wait 
awhile yet for his harvest." Next day, however, the 
owner came again, and finding the sun still hotter and 
the corn more ripe, and nothing done, " There is not 
a moment to be lost," said he ; " we cannot depend 

85 * 



j^ sop's Fables 



upon our neighbours : we must call in our relations ; " 
and, turning to his son, " Go call your uncles and 
cousins, and see that they begin to-morrow." In still 
greater fear, the young ones repeated to their mother 
the farmer's words. "If that be all," says she, " do 
not be frightened, for the relations have got harvest 
work of their own ; but take particular notice what 
you hear the next time, and be sure you let me know." 
She went abroad the next da}', and the owner coming 
as before, and finding the grain falling to the ground 
from over-ripeness, and still no one at work, called to 
his son. " We must wait for our neighbours and 
friends no longer ; do you go and hire some reapers 
to-night, and we will set to work ourselves to-morrow." 
When the young ones told their mother this — " Then," 
said she, " it is time to be off, indeed ; for when a man 
takes up his business himself, instead of leaving it to 
others, you may be sure that he means to set to work 
in earnest." 

THE LION ^ 

AND THE DOLPHIN ^ ^ FABLE 121 

A LI ON was roaming on the sea-shore, when, 
seeing a Dolphin basking on the surface of the 
water, he invited him to form an alliance with him, 
" for," said he, " as I am the king of the beasts, and 
you are the king of the fishes, we ought to be the 
greatest friends and allies possible." The Dolphin 
gladly assented ; and the Lion not long after, having 
a fight with a wild bull, called upon the Dolphin for 
his promised support. But when he, though ready to 
assist him, found himself unable to come out of the 
sea for the purpose, the Lion accused him of having 
betrayed him. " Do not blame me," said the Dolphin 

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j^sop's Fables 



in reply, *' but blame my nature, which however 
powerful at sea, is altogether helpless on land." 

In choosing allies we must look to their power as 
well as their will to aid us. 



• r > ' 



i^Ji/y 










THE TRUMPETER 

TAKEN PRISONER -^ ^ FABLE 122 

A TRUMPETER being taken prisoner in a battle, 
begged hard for quarter. " Spare me, good sirs, 
I beseech you," said he, " and put me not to death 
without cause, for I have killed no one myself, nor 
have I any arms but this trumpet only." *' For that 
very reason," said they who had seized him, '' shall 
you the sooner die, for without the spirit to fight 
yourself, you stir up others to warfare and bloodshed." 

He who incites to strife is worse than he who takes 
part in it. 

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j!^^ sop's Fables 



THE BEES, THE DRONES, 

AND THE WASP ® ®; FABLE 123 

SOME Bees had built their comb in the hollow 
trunk of an oak. . The Drones asserted that it 
was their doing, and belonged to them. The cause 
was brought into court before Judge Wasp. Knowing 
something of the parties, he thus addressed them : — 
" The plaintiffs and defendants are so much alike in 
shape and colour as to render the ownership a doubtful 
matter, and the case has very properly been brought 
before me. The ends of Justice, and the object of the 
court, will best be furthered by the plan which I pro- 
pose. Let each party take a hive to itself, and build 
up a new comb, that from the shape of the cells 
and the taste of the honey, the lawful proprietors of 
the property in dispute may appear." The Bees 
readily assented to the Wasp's plan. The Drones 
declined it. Whereupon the Wasp gave judgment : — 
"It is clear now who made the comb, and who cannot 
make it ; the Court adjudges the honey to the Bees." 

THE LION ^ ^ 

AND ASS HUNTING -^ FABLE 124 

A LION and an Ass made an agreement to go 
out hunting together. By and by they came 
to a cave, where many wild goats abode. The Lion 
took up his station at the mouth of the cave, and the 
Ass, going within, kicked and brayed and made a 
mighty fuss to frighten them out. When the Lion 
had caught very many of them, the Ass came out and 
asked him if he had not made a noble fight, and 
routed the goats properly. " Yes, indeed," said the 
Lion ; " and I assure you, you would have frightened 
me too, if I had not known you to be an Ass." 

When braggarts are admitted into the company of 
their betters, it is only to be made use of and be 



laughed at. 



88 



fes3.BW 




■^^ 



y^-K. , 










THE BIRDS, 

THE BEASTS, AND THE BAT 



FABLE 125 



ONCE upon a time there was a fierce war waged 
between the Birds and the Beasts. For a long 
while the issue of the battle was uncertain, and the 
Bat, taking advantage of his ambiguous nature, kept 
aloof and remained neutral. At length when the 
Beasts seemed to prevail, the Bat joined their forces 
and appeared active in the fight ; but a rally being 
made by the Birds, which proved successful, he was 
found at the end of the day among the ranks of the 
winning party. A peace being speedily concluded, 
the Bat's conduct was condemned alike by both 

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parties, and being acknowledged by neither, and so 
excluded from the terms of the truce, he was obliged 
to skulk off as best he could, and has ever since lived 
in holes and corners, never daring to show his face 
except in the duskiness of twilight. 

THE FOX 

AND THE HEDGEHOG ^ FABLE 126 

A FOX, while crossing over a river, was driven by 
the stream into a narrow gorge, and lay there 
for a long time unable to get out, covered with 
myriads of horse-flies that had fastened themselves 
upon him. A Hedgehog, who was wandering in that 
direction, saw him, and taking compassion on him, 
asked him if he should drive away the flies that were 
so tormenting him. But the Fox begged him to do 
nothing of the sort. " Why not ? " asked the Hedge- 
hog. '' Because," replied the Fox, " these flies that 
are upon me now are already full, and draw but little 
blood, but should you remove them, a swarm of fresh 
and hungry ones will come, who will not leave a drop 
of blood in my body." 

When we throw off* rulers or dependants, who have 
already made the most of us, we do but, for the most 
part, lay ourselves open to others who will make us 
bleed yet more freely. 



THE WOLF 

AND THE SHEPHERD ^ FABLE 12^ 

A WOLF had long hung about a flock of sheep, 
and had done them no harm. The Shepherd, 
however, had his suspicions, and for a while was 
always on the look-out against him as an avowed 
enemy. But when the Wolf continued for a long 

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time following in the train of his flock without the 
least attempt to annoy them, he began to look upon 
him more as a friend than a foe ; and having one day 
occasion to go into the city, he intrusted the sheep to 
his care. The Wolf no sooner saw his opportunity 
than he forthwith fell upon the sheep and worried 
them ; and the Shepherd, on his return, seeing his 
flock destroyed, exclaimed, " Fool that I am ! yet I 
deserved no less for trusting my Sheep with a Wolf! " 
There is more danger from a pretended friend than 
from an open enemy. 




|ff^|||fe^ 




THE TRAVELLERS 

AND THE HATCHET ^ ^ FABLE 128 

TWO men were travelling along the same road, 
when one of them picking up a hatchet, cries, 
" See what I have found ! " " Do not say /," says the 
other, " but WE have found." After a while, up came 
the men who had lost the hatchet, and charged the 
man who had it with the theft. " Alas," says he to 

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his companion, " we are undone ! " " Do not say 
WE," replies the other, " but I am undone ; for he 
that will not allow his friend to share the prize, must 
not expect him to share the danger." 

THE MICE ^S 

AND THE WEASELS » * FABLE 129 

THE Mice and the Weasels had long been at war 
with each other, and the Mice being always 
worsted in battle, at length agreed at a meeting, 
solemnly called for the occasion, that their defeat was 
attributable to nothing but their want of discipline, 
and they determined accordingly to elect regular 
Commanders for the time to come. So they chose 
those whose valour and prowess most recommended 
them to the important post. The new Commanders, 
proud of their position, and desirous of being as con- 
spicuous as possible, bound horns upon their foreheads 
as a sort of crest and mark of distinction. Not long 
after a battle ensued. The Mice, as before, were soon 
put to flight ; the common herd escaped into their 
holes, but the Commanders, not being able to get in 
from the length of their horns, were every one caught 
and devoured. 

There is no distinction without its accompanying 
danger. 

o ^ 

THE BOY -^ 

AND THE NETTLE ^ ' ^ FABLE 130 

A BOY playing in the fields got stung by a Nettle. 
He ran home to his mother, telling her that 
he had but touched that nasty weed, and it had stung 
him. " It was your just touching it, my boy," said the 
mother, " that caused it to sting you ; the next time 
you meddle with a Nettle, grasp it tightly, and it will 
do you no hurt." 

Do boldly what you do at all. 

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j¥^ sop's Fables 



THE 

SICK KITE * ^ FABLE 131 

A KITE, who had been long very ill, said to his 
mother, " Don't cry, mother ; but go and pray 
to the gods that I may recover from this dreadful 
disease and pain." " Alas ! child," said the mother, 
" which of the gods can I entreat for one who has 
robbed all their altars ? " 

A death-bed repentance is poor amends for the 
errors of a life-time. 




THE EAGLE 

AND THE JACKDAW 



FABLE 132 



AN Eagle made a sweep from a high 
rock, and carried off a lamb. A 
Jackdaw, who saw the exploit, thinking 
that he could do the like, bore down with 
all the force he could muster upon a ram, 
intending to bear him off as a prize. 




'-^/v«rf^ 



93 



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But his claws becoming entangled in the wool, he 
made such a fluttering in his efforts to escape, that 
the shepherd, seeing through the whole matter, came 
up and caught him, "and having clipped his wings, 
carried him home to his children at nightfall. " What 
bird is this, father, that you have brought us ? " ex- 
claimed the children. " Why," said he, " if you ask 
himself, he will tell you that he is an Eagle ; but if 
you will take my word for it, I know him to be but a 
Jackdaw." 



THE ASS ® 

AND HIS DRIVER 



^ 



FABLE 133 




'-"'-4<t, 






N Ass that was being 



J^ Jl driven along the road 
by his Master, started on 
ahead, and, leaving the 
beaten track, made as fast as he could for the edge of 
a precipice. When he was just on the point of falling 
over, his Master ran up, and seizing him by the tail, 
endeavoured to pull him back ; but the Ass resisting 

94 



j^sop' s Fables 

and pulling the contrary way, the man let go his hold, 
saying, "Well, Jack, if you will be master, I cannot 
help it. A wilful beast must go his own way." 







THE OLD MAN 

AND DEATH ^ ^ FABLE 134 

AN Old Man that had travelled a long way with a 
huge bundle of sticks, found himself so weary 
that he cast it down, and called upon Death to deliver 
him from his most miserable existence. Death came 
straightway at his call, and asked him what he wanted. 
" Pray, good sir," says he, " do me but the favour to 
help me up with my burden again. " 

It is one thinsr to call for Death, and another to see 



him coming. 



95 



j^sof s Fables 



f& 



THE FALCONER ^ 

AND THE PARTRIDGE ® FABLE 135 

A FALCONER having taken a Partridge in his 
net, the bird cried out sorrowfully, " Let me go, 
good Master Falconer, and I promise you I will decoy 
other Partridges into your net." " No," said the man, 
"whatever I might have done, I am determined now 
not to spare you ; for there is no death too bad for 
him who is ready to betray his friends." 

THE ASS, THE FOX, 

AND THE LION ^ ^ FABLE 136 

AN Ass and a Fox having made a compact 
alliance, went out into the fields to hunt. They 
met a Lion on the way. The Fox seeing the impend- 
ing danger, made up to the Lion and whispered that 
he would betray the Ass into his power, if he would 
promise to bear him harmless. The Lion having 
agreed to do so, the Fox contrived to lead the Ass into 
a snare. The Lion no sooner saw the Ass secured, 
than he fell at once upon the Fox, reserving the other 
for his next meal. 

THE FIR-TREE 

AND THE BRAMBLE ^ FABLE 137 

A FIR-TREE was one day boasting itself to a 
Bramble. " You are of no use at all ; but how 
could barns and houses be built without me ? " " Good 
sir," said the Bramble, " when the woodmen come here 
with their axes and saws, what would you give to be 
a Bramble and not a Fir ? " 

A humble lot in security is better than the dangers 
that encompass the high and haughty. 

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j^sop' s Fables 



THE HART AND THE VINE 



FABLE 138 






A HART pursued by hunters concealed himself I \ 
among the branches of a Vine. The hunters | ii 
passed by without discovering him, and when he 
thought that all was safe, he began browsing upon the 
leaves that had concealed him. But one of the hunters, 
attracted by the rustling, turned round, and guessing 

that their prey was there, 
shot into the bush and 
killed him. As he was 
dying, he groaned out 
these words : "I suffer 
justly for my ingratitude 
who could not forbear 



/ 



^4 



f*? 






injuring the Vine that 
had protected me in time |j 



^ 
f 



^ 
"^^5^^ 







97 



H 







W^-rj'T^^f^-^'p^^'^-li^t^ 



THE MISER 



f I 



FABLE 139 



A MISER, to make sure of his property, sold all 
that he had and converted it into a great lump 
of gold, which he hid in a hole in the ground, and 
went continually to visit and inspect it. This roused 
the curiosity of one of his workmen, who, suspecting 
that there was a treasure, when his master's back was 
turned, went to the spot, and stole it away. When 
the Miser returned and found the place empty, he wept 
and tore his hair. But a neighbour who saw him in 
this extravagant grief, and learned the cause of it, said, 
" Fret thyself no longer, but take a stone and put it \xv 
the same place, and think that it is your lump of gold ; 
for, as you never meant to use it, the one will do you 
as much good as the other." 

The worth of money is not in its possession, but in 
its use. 

98 




THE OLD WOMAN 
AND HER MAIDS 



A 



FABLE 140 

THRIFTY old Widow kept 
two Servant-maids, whom she 
used to call up to their work at 
cock-crow. The Maids disliked ex- 
ceedingly this early rising, and deter- 
mined between themselves to wring 
off the Cock's neck, as he was the 
cause of all their trouble by waking 
their mistress so early. They had 
no sooner done this than the old 
lady, missing her usual alarum, and 
afraid of over-sleeping herself, con- 
tinually mistook the time of day, and roused them up 
at midnight. 

Too much cunning overreaches itself. 

99 



k^^M^^M^^T..^ 




THE LION, THE BEAR, 
AND THE FOX S 



FABLE 141 



A LI ON and a Bear found the carcase of a Fawn, 
and had a long fight for it. The contest was so 
hard and even, that, at last, both of them, Jialf-blinded 
and half-dead, lay panting on the ground, without 
strength to touch the prize that was stretched between 
them. A Fox coming by at the time, and seeing "their 
helpless condition, stepped in between the combatants 
and carried off the booty. " Poor creatures that we 
are," cried they, " who have been exhausting all our 
strength and injuring one another, merely to give a 
rogue a dinner ! " 



THE FARMER 

AND THE CRANES ^ ^ FABLE 142 

SOME Cranes settled down in a Farmer's field that 
was newly sown. For some time the Farmer 
frightened them away by brandishing an empty sling 

loo 



^sop's Fables 

at them. But when the Cranes found that he was 
onlysHnging to the winds, they no longer minded him 
or flew away. Upon this the Farmer slung at them 
with stones, and killed a great part of them. " Let us 
be off," said the rest, " to the land of the Pygmies, for 
this man means to threaten us no longer, but is 
determined to ";et rid of us in earnest." 



THE SICK LION ^ 9 FABLE 143 

A LI OX, no longer able, from the weakness of old 
age, to hunt for his prey, laid himself up in his 
den, and, breathing with great difficulty, and speaking 
with a low voice, gave out that he was very ill indeed. 
The report soon spread among the beasts, and there 
was a great lamentation for the sick Lion. One after 
the other came to see him ; but, catching them thus 
alone, and in his own den, the Lion made an easy prey 
of them, and grew fat upon his diet. The Fox, suspect- 
ing the truth of the matter, came at length to make his 
visit of inquiry, and standing at some distance, asked 
Ills Majesty how he did ? " Ah, my dearest friend," 
5;aid the Lion, " is it you ? Why do you stand so far 
Irom me ? Come, sweet friend, and pour a word of 
consolation in the poor Lion's ear, who has but a short 
time to live." " Bless you ! " said the Fox, " but excuse 
me if I cannot stay ; for, to tell the truth, I feel quite 
uneasy at the marks of the footsteps that I see here, al) 
pointing towards your den, and none returning out- 
wards." 

Affairs are easier of entrance than of exit ; and it is 
but common prudence to see our way out before we 
venture in. 

lOI * 







THE BOASTING TRAVELLER 



FABLE 144 



A MAN who had been traveUing in foreign parts, 
on his return home was ahvays braggir.g and 
boasting of the great feats he had accompHshed in 
different places. In Rhodes, for instance, he said he 
had taken such an extraordinary leap, that no man 
could come near him, and he had witnesses there to 
prove it. " Possibly," said one of his hearers ; " but 
if this be true, just suppose this to be Rhodes, and 
then try the leap again." 



THE WOLF IN 

SHEEP'S CLOTHING ^ ^ FABLE 145 

A WOLF, once upon a time, resolved to disguise 
himself, thinking that he should thus gain an 
easier livelihood. Having, therefore, clothed himself 

1 02 



j^ sop's Fables 

in a sheep's skin, he contrived to get among a flock of 
Sheep and feed along with them, so that even the 
Shepherd was deceived by the imposture. When 
nieht came on and the fold was closed, the Wolf was 
shut up with the Sheep, and the door made fast. But 
the Shepherd, wanting something for his supper, and 
going in to fetch out a sheep, mistook the Wolf for 
one of them, and killed him on the spot. 

THE WOLF AND THE HORSE FABLE 146 

AS a Wolf was roaming over a farm, he came to a 
field of oats, but not being able to eat them, he 
left them and went his way. Presently meeting with 
a Horse, he bade him come with him into the field ; 
*' For," says he, " I have found some capital oats ; and 
I have not tasted one, but have kept them all for you, 
for the very sound of your teeth is music to my ear." 
But the Horse replied : " A pretty fellow ! if Wolves 
were able to eat oats, I suspect you would not have 
preferred your ears to your appetite." 

Little thanks are due to him who only gives away 
Avhat is of no use to himself. 

THE BOY AND THE FILBERTS FABLE 147 

A CERTAIN Boy put his hand into a pitcher where 
great plenty of Figs and Filberts were deposited ; 
he grasped as many as his fist could possibly hold, 
but when he endeavoured to pull it out, the narrowness 
of the neck prevented him. Unwilling to lose any of 
them, but unable to draw out his hand, he burst into 
tears, and bitterly bemoaned his hard fortune. An 
honest fellow who stood by, gave him this wise and 
reasonable advice : " Grasp only half the quantity, my 
boy, and you will easily succeed." 

103 






>^v\ 




THE FOX AND THE MASK 



FABLE 148 



A FOX had stolen into the house of an actor, and 
in rummaging among his various properties, 
laid hold of a highly-finished Mask. " A fine-looking 
head, indeed ! " cried he ; " what a pity it is that it 
wants brains ! " 

A fair outside is but a poor substitute for inward 
worth. 



THE RAVEN AND THE SWAN FABLE 149 

A RAVEN envied a Swan the whiteness of her 
plumage ; and, thinking that its beauty was 
owing to the water in which she lived, he deserted the 
altars where he used to find his livelihood, and betook 
himself to the pools and streams. There he plumed 
and dressed himself and washed his coat, but all to no 
purpose, for his plumage remained as black as ever 
and he himself soon perished for want of his usual food. 

Change of scene is not change of nature. 

104 




THE HEIFER AND THE OX 



FABLE 150 



A HEIFER that ran wild in the fields, and had 
never felt the yoke, upbraided an Ox at plough 
for submitting to such labour and drudgery. The Ox 
said nothing, but went on with his work. Not long 
after, there was a great festival. The Ox got his 
holiday : but the Heifer was led off to be sacrificed at 
the altar. "If this be the end of your idleness," said 
the Ox, " I think that my work is better than your 
play. I had rather my neck felt the yoke than the 
axe." 




105 



-#=" 




THE LION AND THE BULLS 



FABLE 151 



THREE Bulls fed in a field together in the greatest 
peace and amity. A Lion had long watched 
them in the hope of making prize of them, but found 
that there was little chance for him so long as they 
kept all together. He therefore began secretly to 
spread evil and slanderous reports of one against the 
other, till he had fomented a jealousy and distrust 
amongst them. No sooner did the Lion see that 
they avoided one another, and fed each by himself 
apart, than he fell upon them singly, and so made an 
easy prey of them all. 

The quarrels of friends are the opportunities of foes. 

1 06 



^sop's Fables 



THE THIRSTY PIGEON * FABLE 152 

A PIGEON severely pressed by thirst, seeing a 
glass of water painted upon a sign, supposed it 
to be real ; so dashing down at it with all her might, she 
struck against the board, and, breaking her wing, fell 
helpless to the ground, where she was quickly captured 
by one of the passers-by. 

Great haste is not always good speed. 

THE GOAT -^ ^ 

AND THE GOATHERD -^ FABLE 153 

A GOAT had strayed from the herd, and the 
Goatherd was trying all he could to bring him 
back to his companions. When by calling and 
whistling he could make no impression on him, at last, 
taking up a stone, he struck the Goat on the horn and 
broke it. Alarmed at what he had done, he besought 
the Goat not to tell his master ; but he replied, " O 
most foolish of Goatherds ! my horn will tell the story 
though I should not utter a word." 

Facts speak plainer than words. 

THE HOUND AND THE HARE FABLE 154 

A HOUND after long chasing a Hare at length 
came up to her, and kept first biting and then 
licking her. The Hare, not knowing what to make of 
him, said : "If you are a friend, why do you bite 
me ? — but if a foe, why caress me ? " 

A doubtful friend is worse than a certain enemy : 
let a man be one thing or the other, and we then 
know how to meet him. 

107 



^ '^J><S^2^="~ ~C -^ 






VI >IK^^^'^ 




THE ARAB AND THE CAMEL FABLE 155 

AN Arab having loaded his Camel, asked him 
whether he preferred to go up hill or down hill. 
*' Pray, Master," said the Camel dryly, " is the straight 
way across the plain shut up ? " 

io8 



^sofs Fables 



THE JACKASS IN OFFICE ^ FABLE 156 

AN Ass carrying an Image in a religious procession 
was driven through a town, and all the people 
who passed by made a low reverence. Upon this the 

Ass, supposing that they intended 
this w^orship for himself, was mightily 
puffed up, and would not budge 
another step. But the driver soon 
laid the stick across his back, saying 
at the same time, " You silly dolt ! it 
is not you that they reverence, but 
the Image which you carry." 

Fools take to themselves the 
respect that is given to their office. 




P? * 



109 




THE FOX AND THE STORK 



FABLE 157 



A FOX one day invited a Stork to dinner, and 
being disposed to divert himself at the expense 
of his guest, provided nothing for the entertainment 
but some thin soup in a shallow dish. This the Fox 
lapped up very readily, while the Stork, unable to gain 
a mouthful with her long narrow bill, was as hungry 
at the end of dinner as when she began. The Fox 
meanwhile professed his regret at seeing her eat so 
sparingly, and feared that the dish was not seasoned 
to her mind. The Stork said little, but begged that 
the Fox would do her the honour of returning the 
visit ; and accordingly he agreed to dine with her on 
the following day. He arrived true to his appointment, 
and the dinner was ordered forthwith ; but when it 
was served up, he found to his dismay that it was 
contained in a narrow-necked vessel, down which the 
Stork readily thrust her long neck and bill, while he 

no 



j^^sofs Fables 



was obliged to content himself with licking the neck 
of the jar. Unable to satisfy his hunger, he retired 
with as good a grace as he could, observing that he 
could hardly find fault with his entertainer, who had 
only paid him back in his own coin. 




THE ASS IN THE LION'S SKIN FABLE 158 

AN Ass having put on a Lion's skin roamed about, 
frightening all the silly animals he met with, 
and, seeing a Fox, he tried to alarm him also. But 
Reynard, having heard his voice, said, " Well, to be 
sure ! and I should have been frightened too, if I had 
not heard you bray." 

They who assume a character that does not belong 
to them generally betray themselves by overacting it. 

Ill 



j^sofs Fables 



THE BALD KNIGHT ® FABLE 159 

A CERTAIN Knight growing old, his hair fell off! 
and he became bald ; to hide which imperfec- 
tion, he wore a periwig. But as he was riding out 
with some others a-hunting, a sudden gust of wind 
blew off the periwig, and exposed his bald pate. The 
company could not forbear laughing at the accident ; 
and he himself laughed as loud as anybody, saying, 
'' How was it to be expected that I should keep strange 
hair upon my head, when my own would not stay 
there ? " 

THE PORKER AND THE SHEEP FABLE 160 

A YOUNG Porker took up his quarters in a fold 
of Sheep. One day the shepherd laid hold on 
him, when he squeaked and struggled with all his 
might and main. The Sheep reproached him for 
crying out, and said, '' The master often lays hold of 
us, and we do not cry." '' Yes," replied he, " but our 
case is not the same ; for he catches you for the sake 
of your wool, but me for my fry." 

THE HEDGE f f 

AND THE VINEYARD ^ FABLE 161 

A FOOLISH young Heir who had just come into 
possession of his wise father's estate, caused all 
the Hedges about his Vineyard to be grubbed up, 
because they bore no grapes. The throwing down of 
the fences laid his grounds open to man and beast, 
and all his vines were presently destro}'ed. So the 
simple fellow learnt, when it was too late, that he ought 
not to expect to gather grapes from brambles, and 
that it was quite as important to protect his Vineyard 
as to possess it. 

112 




THE ASS'S SHADOW ^ 



FABLE 162 



A YOUTH, one hot summer's day, hired an Ass 
to carry him from Athens to Megara. At mid- 
day the heat of the sun was so scorching, that he dis- 
mounted, and would have sat down to repose himself 
under the shadow of the Ass. But the driver of the 
Ass disputed the place with him, declaring that he 
had an equal right to it with the other. " What ! " 
said the Youth, " did I not hire the Ass for the whole 
journey?" *'Yes," said the other, "you hired the 
Ass, but not the Ass's Shadow." While they were 
thus wrangling and fighting for the place, the Ass 
took to his heels and ran away. 




113 




THE BULL AND THE GOAT 



FABLE 163 



A BULL being pursued by a Lion, fled into a cave 
where a wild Goat had taken up his abode. 
The Goat upon this began molesting him, and butting 
at him with his horns. " Don't suppose," said the 
Bull, "if I suffer this now, that it is you I am afraid 
of. Let the Lion be once out of sight, and I will soon 
show you the difference between a Bull and a Goat." 

Mean people take advantage of their neighbours' 
difficulties to annoy them ; but the time will come 
when they will repent them of their insolence. 

114 




THE QUACK FROG 



^ I 



FABLE 164 



A FROG emerging from the mud of a swamp, pro- 
claimed to all the world that he was come to 
cure all diseases. " Here ! " he cried, " come and see 
a doctor, the proprietor of medicines such as man 
never heard of before ; no, not ^sculapius himself, 
Jove's court-physician ! " '*' And how," said the Fox, 
" dare you set up to heal others, who are not able to 
cure your own limping gait, and blotched and wrinkled 
skin ? " 

Test a man's profession by his practice. Physician, 
heal thyself. 

115 




THE HORSE ^ * 
AND THE LOADED ASS 



FABLE 165 



A MAN who kept a Horse and an Ass was wont 
in his journeys to spare the Horse, and put all 
the burden upon the Ass's back. The Ass, who had 
been some while ailing, besought the Horse one day 
to relieve him of part of his load ; " For if," said he, 
"you would take a fair portion, I shall soon get well 
again; but if you refuse to help me, this weight will 
kill me." The Hors<^ , however, bade the Ass get on, 
and not trouble him with his complaints. The Ass 
jogged on in silence, but presently, overcome with the 
weight of his burden, dropped down dead, as he had 
foretold. Upon this, the master coming up, unloosed 
the load from the dead Ass, and putting it upon the 
Horse's back, made him carry the Ass's carcase in 
addition. " Alas, for my ill-nature ! " said the Horse ; 

\i6 



^sofs Fables 



" by refusing to bear my just portion of the load, ! 
have now to carry the whole of it, with a dead weight 



into the bargain." 



A disobHging temper carries its own punishment 



along with it. 







THE VINE AND THE GOAT 



FABLE 166 



THERE was a Vine teeming with ripe fruit and 
tender shoots, when a wanton Goat came up and 
gnawed the bark, and browsed upon the young leaves. 
" I will revenge myself on you," said the Vine, " for 
this insult ; for when in a few days you are brought 
as a victim to the altar, the juice of my grapes shall 
be the dew of death upon thy forehead." 

Retribution, though late, comes at last. 

117 




THE MAN ^ ^ 

AND HIS TWO WIVES ^ FABLE 167 

IN days when a man was allowed more wives than 
one, a middle-aged bachelor, who could be 
called neither young nor old, and whose hair was 
only just beginning to turn grey, must needs fall in 
love with two women at once, and marry them both. 
The one was young and blooming, and wished her 
husband to appear as youthful as herself ; the other 
was somewhat more advanced in age, and was as 
anxious that her husband should appear a suitable 
match for her. So, while the young one seized every 
opportunity of pulling out the good man's grey hairs, 
the old one was as industrious in plucking out every 
black hair she could find. For a while the man was 
highly gratified by their attention and devotion, till 

n8 



j^sofs Fables 



he found one morning that, between the one and the 
other, he had not a hair left. 

He that submits his principles to the influence and 
caprices of opposite parties, will end in having no 
principles at all. 

THE ASS CARRYING SALT FABLE 168 

CERTAIN Huckster who kept an Ass, hearing 



A 



that Salt was to be had cheap at the sea-side, 
drove down his Ass thither to buy some. Having 
loaded the beast as much as he could bear, he was 
driving him home, when, as they were passing a 
slippery ledge of rock, the Ass fell into the stream 
below, and the Salt being melted, the Ass was re- 
lieved of his burden, and having gained the bank with 
ease, pursued his journey onward, light in body and 
in spirit. The Huckster soon afterwards set off for 
the sea-shore for some more Salt, and loaded the Ass, 
if possible, yet more heavily than before. On their 
return, as they crossed the stream into which he had 
formerly fallen, the Ass fell down on purpose, and by 
the dissolving of the Salt, was again released from his 
load. The Master, provoked at the loss, and thinking 
how he might cure him of his trick, on his next journey 
to the coast freighted the beast with a load of sponges. 
When they arrived at the same stream as before, the 
Ass was at his old tricks again, and rolled himself 
into the water ; but the sponges becoming thoroughly 
wet, he found to his cost, as he proceeded homewards, 
that instead of lightening his burden, he had more 
than doubled its weight. 

The same measures will not suit all circumstances ; 
and we may play the same trick once too often. 

119 







ESS^^^^S^*^s#i«ig^^p 



1 



r20 



JEsop's Fables 



While he was thus criticising, after his own fancies, 
the form which Nature had given him, the huntsman 
and hounds drew that way. The feet with which he 
had found so much fault, soon carried him out of the 
reach of his pursuers ; but the horns, of which he was 
so vain, becoming entangled in a thicket, held him 
till the hunters again came up to him, and proved the 
cause of his death. 

Look to use before ornament 



THE ^ FABLE 170 

ASTRONOMER 

AN Astronomer used to 
walk out every night 
to gaze upon the stars. It 
happened one night that, as 
he was wandering in the 
outskirts of the city, with 
his whole thoughts rapt up 
in the skies, he fell into a 
well. On his holloaing and 
calling out, one who heard 
his cries ran up to him, and 
when he had listened to his 
story, said, " My good man, 
while you are trying to pry 
into the mysteries of heaven, 
you overlook the common 
objects that are under your 
feet " 




121 



j^sofs Fables 



THE SWALLOW IN CHANCERY FABLE 171 

A SWALLOW had built her nest under the eaves 
of a Court of Justice, Before her young ones 
could fly, a Serpent gliding out of his hole ate them 
all up. When the poor bird returned to her nest and 
found it empty, she began a pitiable wailing ; but a 
neighbour suggesting, by way of comfort, that she 
was not the first bird who had lost her young, " True," 
she replied, " but it is not only my little ones that I 
mourn, but that I should have been wronged in that 
very place where the injured fly for justice." 



THE BOYS AND THE FROGS FABLE 172 

A TROOP of Boys were playing at the edge of a 
pond, when, perceiving a number of Frogs in 
the water, they began to pelt at them with stones. 
They had already killed many of the poor creatures, 
when one more hardy than the rest, putting his head 
above the water, cried out to them : " Stop your cruel 
sport, my lads ; consider, what is Play to you is Death 
to us." 



THE WOLF AND THE GOAT FABLE 173 

A WOLF seeing a Goat feeding on the brow of a 
high precipice where he could not come at her, 
besought her to come down lower, for fear she should 
miss her footing at that dizzy height ; " and more- 
over," said he, "the grass is far sweeter and more 
abundant here below." But the Goat replied : " Ex- 
cuse me ; it is not for my dinner that you invite me, 
but for your own." 

122 










THE SHEPHERD 
AND THE SEA 



FABLE 174 



A SHEPHERD moved down his flock to feed 
near the shore, and beholding the Sea lying in 
a smooth and breathless calm, he was seized with a 
strong desire to sail over it. So he sold all his sheep 
and bought a cargo of Dates, and loaded a vessel and 
set sail. He had not gone far when a storm arose ; 
his ship was wrecked, and his Dates and everything 
lost, and he himself with difficulty escaped to land. 
Not long after, when the Sea was again calm, and one 
of his friends came up to him and was admiring its 
repose, he said, " Have a care, my good fellow, of that 
smooth surface ; it is only looking out for your Dates." 

123 




S) 



THE GREAT 

AND THE LITTLE FISHES 



FABLE 175 



A FISHER MAN was drawing up a net which he 
had cast into the sea, full of all sorts of fish. 
The Little Fish escaped through the meshes of the 
net, and got back into the deep, but the Great Fish 
were all caught and hauled into the ship. 

Our insignificance is often the cause of our safety. 



THE FATHER I ^ 

AND HIS TWO DAUGHTERS 



FABLE 176 



A MAN who had two daughters married one to a 
Gardener, the other to a Potter. After a while 
he paid a visit to the Gardener's, and asked his 
daughter how she was, and how it fared with her. 
" Excellently well," said she ; " we have everything that 
we want ; I have but one prayer, that we may have a 
heavy storm of rain to water our plants." Off he set 

124 



^sop's Fables 

to the Potter's, and asked his other daughter how 
matters went with her. " There is not a thing we 
want," she repHed ; " and I only hope this fine weather 
and hot sun may continue, to bake our tiles." " Alack," 
said the Father, " if you wish for fine weather, and 
your sister for rain, which am I to pray for myself? " 

THE KID AND THE WOLF FABLE 177 

A KID that had strayed from the herd was pur- 
sued by a Wolf When she saw all other hope 
of escape cut off, she turned round to the Wolf and 
said, " I must allow indeed that I am your victim, but 
as my life is now but short, let it be a merry one. 
Do you pipe for a while, and I will dance." While 
the Wolf was piping and the Kid was dancing, the 
Dogs hearing the music ran up to see what was going 
on, and the Wolf was glad to take himself off as fast 
as his legs would carry him. 

He who steps out of his way to play the fool, must 
not wonder if he misses the prize. 

THE RIVERS AND THE SEA FABLE 178 

ONCE upon a time the Rivers combined against 
the Sea, and, going in a body, accused her, 
saying : " Why is it that when we Rivers pour our 
waters into you so fresh and sweet, you straightw^ay 
render them salt and unpalatable ? " The Sea, observ- 
ing the temper in which they came, merely answered : 
" If you do not wish to become salt, please to keep 
away from me altogether." 

Those who are most benefited are often the first to 

complain. 

125 







THE WILD BOAR 

AND THE FOX » ® FABLE 179 

A WILD Boar was whetting his tusks against a 
tree, when a Fox coming by asked why he did 
so ; " For," said he, " I see no reason for it ; there is 
neither hunter nor hound in sight, nor any other 
danger that I can see, at hand." " True," repHed the 
Boar ; " but when that danger does arise, I shall have 
something else to do than to sharpen my weapons." 

It is too late to whet the sword when the trumpet 
sounds to draw it. 



THE HUSBANDMAN 

AND THE SEA ;^ ^ FABLE 180 

A HUSBANDMAN seeing a ship full of sailors 
tossed about up and down upon the billows, 
cried out, " O Sea ! deceitful and pitiless element, 
that destroyest all who venture upon thee ! " The 

126 



j^ sop's Fables 



Sea heard him, and assuming a woman's voice replied, 
" Do not reproach me ; I am not the cause of this 
disturbance, but the Winds, that when they fall upon 
me will give no repose. But should you sail over me 
when they are away, you will say that I am milder 
and more tractable than your own mother earth." 




THE BLACKAMOOR ^ ^ FABLE 181 

A CERTAIN man bought a Blackamoor, and 
thinking that the colour of his skin arose from 
the neglect of his former master, he no sooner brought 
him home than he procured all manner of scouring 
apparatus, scrubbing-brushes, soaps, and sand-paper, 
and set to work with his servants to wash him white 
again. They drenched and rubbed him for many an 
hour, but all in vain ; his skin remained as black as 
ever ; while the poor wretch all but died from the 
cold he caught under the operation. 

No human means avail of themselves to change a 

nature originally evil. 

127 




THE ASS, THE COCK, 
AND THE LION 



0!^ 



m^ 



FABLE 182 



AN Ass and a Cock lived in a farm-yard together. 
One day a hungry Lion passing by and seeing 
the Ass in good condition, resolved to make a meal 
of him. Now, they say that there is nothing a Lion 
hates so much as the crowing of a Cock ; and at that 
moment the Cock happening to crow, the Lion 
straightway made off with all haste from the spot. 
The Ass, mightily amused to think that a Lion 
should be frightened at a bird, plucked up courage 
and galloped after him, delighted with the notion of 
driving the king of beasts before him. He had, how- 
■ever, gone no great distance, when the Lion turned 
sharply round upon him, and made an end of him in 
a trice. 

Presumption begins in ignorance and ends in ruin. 

128 




THE CHARGER AND THE ASS FABLE 183 



A CHARGER adorned with his fine trappings 
came thundering along the road, exciting the 
envy of a poor Ass who was trudging along the same 
way with a heavy load upon his back. '' Get out of 
my road ! " said the proud Horse, " or I shall trample 
you under my feet." The Ass said nothing, but 
quietly moved on one side to let the Horse pass. 
Not long afterwards the Charger was engaged in the 
wars, and being badly wounded in battle was rendered 
unfit for military service, and sent to work upon a 
farm. When the Ass saw him dragging with great 
labour a heavy waggon, he understood how little 
reason he had had to envy one who, by his over- 
bearing spirit in the time of his prosperity, had lost 
those friends who might have succoured him in time 
of need. 

129 K 




THE MOUSE AND THE WEASEL FABLE 184 

A LITTLE starveling Mouse had made his way 
with some difficulty into a basket of corn, 
where, finding the entertainment so good, he stuffed 
and crammed himself to such an extent, that when he 
would have got out again, he found the hole was too 
small to allow his puffed-up body to pass. As he sat 
at the hole groaning over his fate, a Weasel, who was 
brought to the spot by his cries, thus addressed him : 
— " Stop there, my friend, and fast till you are thin ; 
for you will never come out till you reduce yourself 
to the same condition as when you entered." 



THE EAGLE AND THE BEETLE FABLE 185 

A HARE being pursued by an Eagle, betook 
himself for refuge to the nest of a Beetle, 
whom he entreated to save him. The Beetle therefore 
interceded with the Eagle, begging of him not to kill 
the poor suppliant, and conjuring him, by mighty 
Jupiter, not to slight his intercession and break the 

130 



j^sofs Fables 



laws of hospitality because he was so small an animal. 
But the Eagle, in wrath, gave the Beetle a flap with 
his wing, and straightway seized upon the Hare and 
devoured him. When the Eagle flew away, the 
Beetle flew after him, to learn where his nest was, 
and getting into it he rolled the Eagle's eggs out of 
it one by one, and broke them. The Eagle, grieved 
and enraged to think that any one should attempt so 
audacious a thing, built his nest the next time in a 
higher place ; but there too the Beetle got at it again, 
and served him in the same manner as before. Upon 
this, the Eagle, being at a loss what to do, flew up to 
Jupiter his Lord and King, and placed the third brood 
of eggs, as a sacred deposit, in his lap, begging him 
to guard them for him. But the Beetle, having made 
a little ball of dirt, flew up with it and dropped it in 
Jupiter's lap ; who, rising up on a sudden to shake it 
off, and forgetting the eggs, threw them down, and 
they were again broken. Jupiter being informed by 
the Beetle that he had done this to be revenged upon 
the Eagle, who had not only wronged him, but had 
acted impiously towards Jove himself, told the Eagle, 
when he came in, that the Beetle was the aggrieved 
party, and that he complained not without reason. 
But being unwilling that the race of Eagles should be 
diminished, he advised the Beetle to come to an ac- 
commodation with the Eagle. As the Beetle would 
not agree to this, Jupiter transferred the Eagle's 
breeding to another season, when there are no Beetles 
to be seen. 

No one can slight the laws of hospitality with 
impunity ; and there is no station or influence, how- 
ever powerful, that can protect the oppressor, in the 
end, from the vengeance of the oppressed. 

131 




THE LEOPARD AND THE FOX FABLE 186 

A LEOPARD and a Fox had a contest which 
was the finer creature of the two. The 
Leopard put forward the beauty of its numberless 
spots ; but the Fox repHed — *' It is better to have a 
versatile mind than a variegated body." 



THE WOLF AND THE LION 



FABLE 187 



ONE day a Wolf had seized a sheep from a fold, 
and was carrying it home to his own den, 
when he met a Lion, who straightway laid hold of 
the sheep and bore it away. The Wolf, standing at 
a distance, cried out, that it was a great shame, and 
that the Lion had robbed him of his own. The Lion 
laughed, and said, " I suppose, then, that it was your 
good friend the shepherd gave it to you!' 

132 




THE OLD LION 



FABLE 188 



A LI ON worn out with years lay stretched upon 
the ground, utterly helpless, and drawing his 
last breath. A Boar came up, and to satisfy an 
ancient grudge, drove at him with his tusks. Next a 
Bull, determined to be revenged on an old enemy, 
gored him with his horns. Upon this an Ass, seeing 
that the old Lion could thus be treated with impunity, 
thought that he would show his spite also, and came 
and threw his heels in the Lion's face. Whereupon 
the dying beast exclaimed : " The insults of the 
powerful were bad enough, but those I could have 
managed to bear ; but to be spurned by so base a 
creature as thou — the disgrace of nature — is to die a 
double death." 

133 




THE WOLF ^ ^ 

AND THE SHEPHERDS ^ FABLE 189 

A WOLF looking into a hut and seeing some 
shepherds comfortably regaling themselves on 
a joint of mutton — "A pretty row," said he, "would 
these men have made if they had caught me at such a 
supper ! " 

Men are too apt to condemn in others the very 
things that they practise themselves. 

THE SEA-SIDE TRAVELLERS FABLE 190 

AS some Travellers were making their way along 
the seashore, they came to a high cliff, and 
looking out upon the sea saw a Faggot floating at a 
distance, which they thought at first must be a large 
Ship ; so they waited, expecting to see it come into 
harbour. As the Faggot drifted nearer to the shore, 

134 



j^ sop's Fables 



they thought it no longer to be a Ship, but a Boat 
But when it was at length thrown on the beach, they 
saw that it was nothing but a Faggot after all. 

Dangers seem greatest at a distance ; and coming 
events are magnified according to the interest or 
inclination of the beholder. 



THE DOGS AND THE HIDES FABLE 191 

SOME hungry Dogs, seeing some raw Hides 
which a skinner had left in the bottom of a 
stream, and not being able to reach them, agreed 
among themselves to drink up the river to get at the 
prize. So they set to work, but they all burst them- 
selves with drinking before ever they came near the 
Hides. 

They who aim at an object by unreasonable means, 
are apt to ruin themselves in the attempt. 

THE ANT AND THE DOVE FABLE 192 

AN Ant went to a fountain to quench his thirst, 
and tumbling in, was almost drowned. But a 
Dove that happened to be sitting on a neighbouring 
tree saw the Ant's danger, and plucking off a leaf, 
let it drop into the water before him, and the Ant 
mounting upon it, was presently wafted safe ashore. 
Just at that time a Fowler w^as spreading his net, and 
was in the act of ensnaring the Dove, when the Ant, 
perceiving his object, bit his heel. The start which 
the man gave made him drop his net, and the Dove, 
aroused to a sense of her danger, flew safe away. 

One good turn deserves another. 

135 






•i- 



C«»''\'.-5^« 



I'^S' 



^^ 






fei?i -<^ 



B' 



THE FOX ^ 
AND THE CROW 



FABLE 193 




A CROW had snatched a goodly 
piece of cheese out of a window, 
and flew with it into a high tree, intent 
on enjoying her prize. A Fox spied 
the dainty morsel, and thus he planned 
his approaches. "O Crow," said he, 
"how beautiful are thy wings, how 
bright thine eye ! how graceful thy 
neck ! thy breast is the breast of an 
eagle! thy claws — I beg pardon, thy 
talons — are a match for all the beasts 
of the field. Oh ! that such a bird 
should be dumb, and want only a 
voice ! " The Crow, pleased with the 
flattery, and chuckling to think how 
she would surprise the Fox with 
her caw, opened her mouth : — 
down dropped the cheese ! which 
the Fox snapping up, observed, as 













\%6 



j^sofs Fables 



he walked away, " that whatever he had remarked of 
her beauty, he had said nothing yet of her brains." 

Men seldom flatter without some private end in 
view ; and they who listen to such music may expect 
to have to pay the piper. 

THE BRAZIER AND HIS DOG FABLE 194 

THERE was a certain Brazier who had a little 
Dog. While he hammered away at his metal, 
the Dog slept; but whenever he sat down to his 
dinner, the Dog woke up. " Sluggard cur ! " said the 
Brazier, throwing him a bone; "you sleep through 
the noise of the anvil, but wake up at the first clatter 
of my teeth." 

Men are awake enough to their own interests, who 
turn a deaf ear to their friend's distress. 

THE FARMER AND THE LION FABLE 195 

ALIGN entered one day into a farmyard, and 
the Farmer, wishing to catch him, shut the 
gate. When the Lion found that he could not get 
out, he began at once to attack the sheep, and then 
betook himself to the oxen. So the Farmer, afraid 
for himself, now opened the gate, and the Lion made 
off as fast as he could. His wife, who had observed 
it all, when she saw her husband in great trouble at 
the loss of his cattle, cried out — " You are rightly 
served; for what could have made you so mad as to 
wish to detain a creature, whom, if you saw at a 
distance, you would wish further off! " 

Better scare a thief than snare him. 

n7 



ji^sofs Fables 



THE THREE TRADESMEN 



FABLE 196 



THERE was a city in expectation of being 
besieged, and a council was called accordingly 
to discuss the best means of fortifying it. A Brick- 
layer gave his opinion that no material was so good 
as brick for the purpose. A Carpenter begged leave 
to suggest that timber would be far preferable. Upon 
which a Currier started up, and said, " Sirs, when you 
have said all that can be said, there is nothing in the 
world like leather." 



A 



THE BOY BATHING ^ FABLE 197 

BOY was bathing in a river, and, 
getting out of his depth, was on 
point of sinking, when he saw a 
'farer coming by, to whom he called 
for help with all his might and 
main. The Man began to read 
the Boy a lecture for his fool- 
hardiness ; but the urchin cried 
out, " Oh, save me now, sir ! and 
^Jc. read me the lecture afterwards." 




138 




VENUS AND THE CAT 



FABLE 198 



A CAT having fallen in love with a young man, 
besought Venus to change her into a girl, in 
the hope of gaining his affections. The Goddess, 
taking compassion -on her weakness, metamorphosed 
her into a fair damsel ; and the young man, enamoured 
of her beauty, led her home as his bride. As they 
were sitting in their chamber, Venus, wishing to know 
whether in changing her form she had also changed 
her nature, set down a Mouse before her. The Girl, 
forgetful of her new condition, started from her seat, 
and pounced upon the Mouse as if she would have 
eaten it on the spot ; whereupon the Goddess, provoked 
at her frivolity, straightway turned her into a Cat again. 

What is bred in the bone will never out of the flesh. 

139 




MERCURY I ^ 

AND THE SCULPTOR 



^ 



FABLE 199 



MERCURY, having a mind to know in what 
estimation he was held among men, disguised 
himself as a traveller, and going into a Sculptor's 
workshop, began asking the price of the different 
statues he saw there. Pointing to an image of Jupiter, 
he asked how much he wanted for that. " A drachma," 
said the image-maker. Mercury laughed in his sleeve, 
and asked, " How much for this of Juno ? " The man 
wanted a higher price for that. Mercury's eye now 
caught his own image. " Now, will this fellow," thought 
he, " ask me ten times as much for this, for I am the 
messenger of heaven, and the source of all his gain." 
So he put the question to him, what he valued that 

140 



JEsof s Fables 



Mercury at. *' Well," says the Sculptor, " if you will 
give me my price for the other two, I will throw you 
that into the bargain." 

They who are over anxious to know how the world 
values them, will seldom be set down at their own 
price. 

THE FARMER AND THE DOGS FABLE 200 

A FARMER, during a severe winter, being shut 
up by the snow in his farm-house, and sharply 
pressed for food, which he was unable to get about to 
procure, began consuming his own sheep. As the 
hard weather continued, he next ate up his goats. 
And at last — for there was no break in the weather — 
he betook himself to the plough-oxen. Upon this, 
the Dogs said one to another, "Let us be off; for 
since the master, as we see, has had no pity on the 
working oxen, how is it likely he will spare us ? " 

When our neighbour's house is on fire, it is time to 
look to our own. 

THE HUNTER ^ ^ 

AND THE WOODMAN * FABLE 201 

A MAN went out Lion-hunting into a forest, where 
meeting with a Woodman, he asked him if he 
had seen any tracks of a Lion, and if he knew where 
his lair was. " Yes," says the Man, " and if you will 
come with me I will show you the Lion himself." At 
this the Hunter, turning ghastly pale, and his teeth 
chattering, said, " Oh ! thank you ; it was the Lion's 
track, not himself, that I was hunting." 

A coward can be a hero at a distance ; it is presence 
of danger that tests presence of mind. 

141 



^ sop's Fables 



THE MONKEY 

AND THE FISHERMEN ^ 



FABLE 202 



A MONKEY was sitting up in a high tree, when, 
seeing some Fishermen laying their nets in a 
river, he watched what they were doing. The Men 
had no sooner set their nets, and retired a short dis- 
tance to their dinner, than the Monkey came down 
from the tree, thinking that he would try his hand at 
the same sport. But in attempting to lay the nets he 
got so entangled in them, that being well nigh choked, 
he was forced to exclaim : " This serves me right : for 
what business had I, who know nothing of fishing, to 
meddle with such tackle as this ? " 



THE MILLER, HIS SON, 

AND THEIR ASS * # FABLE 203 

A MILLER and his Son were driving their Ass to 
a neighbouring fair to sell him. They had not 
gone far when they met with a troop of girls returning 




from the town, talking and laughing. " Look there ! " 
cried one of them ; " did you ever see such fools, to 
be trudging along the road on foot, when they might 

142 



j^sofs Fables 



be riding ! " The old Man, hearing this, quietly bade 
his Son get on the Ass, and walked along merrily by 
the side of him. Presently they came up to a group 
of old men in earnest debate. *' There ! " said one of 
them, " it proves what I was a-saying. What respect 




is shown to old age in these days ? 
idle young rogue riding, while his 
walk ? — Get down, you scapegrace ! 
man rest his weary limbs." Upon 
made his Son dismount, and got up 
manner they had not proceeded far 
company of women and children 



Do you see that 
old father has to 
and let the old 
this the Father 
himself In this 
when they met a 
" Why, you lazy 







143 



j^sop's Fables 



old fellow ! " cried several tongues at once, " how can 
you ride upon the beast, while that poor little lad 
there can hardly keep pace by the side of you ! " The 
good-natured Miller stood corrected, and immediately 







took up his Son behind him. They had now almost 
reached the town. *' Pray, honest friend," said a 
townsman, " is that Ass your own ? " " Yes," says the 
old Man. " Oh ! One would not have thought so," 




said the other, " by the way you load him. Why, you 
two fellows are better able to carry the poor beast 

144 



j^sofs Fables 



than he you ! " " Anything to please you," said the old 
Man ; " we can but try." So, alighting with his Son, 
they tied the Ass's legs together, and by the help of a 
pole endeavoured to carry him on their shoulders over 
a bridge that led to the town. This was so entertain- 
ing a sight that the people ran out in crowds to laugh 
at it; till the Ass, not liking the noise nor his situation, 
kicked asunder the cords that bound him, and, tumbling 
off the pole, fell into the river. Upon this the old 
Man, vexed and ashamed, made the best of his way 
home again — convinced that by endeavouring to please 
everybody he had pleased nobody and lost his Ass 
into the bargain. 




145 







INDEX 



■♦♦- 





PAGE 




PAGE 


Angler and the Little Fish . 


. 53 


Dog in the Manger 


69 


Ant and the Dove 


135 


Dog and his Master 


. 60 


Ant and the Grasshopper . 


. 6 


Dog and the Shadow . 


16 


Arab and the C^Aiel 


108 


Dog invited to Supper 


• 79 


Ass, the Cock, 5nd the Lion . 


. 128 


Dogs and the Hides 


135 


Ass and his Driver 


94 


Do phins and the Sprat . 


. . 38 


Ass, the Fox, and the Linn 


. 96 


Dove and the Crow 


45 


Ass and the Grasshopper 


47 


Eagle and the Arrow 


. 68 


Ass and the Lap-dog 


44 


Eagle and the Beetle . 


130 


Ass in the Lion's Skin . 


III 


Eagle and the Fox . 


9 


Ass and his Masters 


82 


Eagle and the Jackdaw 


93 


Ass carrying Salt .... 


119 


Falconer and the Partridge 


. . 96 


Ass's Shadow .... 


113 


Farmer and the Cranes 


lOI 


Astronomer 


121 


Farmer and the Dogs 


. 141 


Balu Knight .... 


112 


Farmer and the Lion . 


137 


Bear and the Fo.x 


18 


Farmer and his Sons 


. 42 


Bees, the Drones, and the Wasp 


88 


Farthing Rushlight 


. 62 


Beeves and the Butchers 


74 


Father and his Two Daughter: 


> . 124 


Belly and the Members . 


34 


Fawn and her Mother . 


10 


Birdcatcher and the Lark . 


62 


Fighting-Cocks and the Eagle 


12 


Birds, the Beasts, and the Bat 


89 


Fir-tree and the Bramble 


. 96 


Blackamoor ..... 


127 


Fisherman 


. 80 


Blind Man and the Whelp 


45 


Fisherman Piping 


14 


Boasting Traveller 


102 


Flies and the Honey-pot . 


. 18 


Bowman and the Lion 


2 


Fox and the Crow 


. 136 


Boy Bathing .... 


138 


Fox and the Goat . 


. 3 


Boy and the Filberts 


103 


Fox and the Grapes 


I 


Boy and the Nettle (M) 


92 


Fox and the Hedgehog . 


. 90 


Boy and the Scorpion 


6 


Fox and the Lion . 


10 


Boys and the Frogs 


122 


Fox and the Mask . 


. 104 


Brazier and his Dog 


137 


Fox and the Stork 


no 


Bull and the Goat 


114 


Fox and the Woodman . 


• 31 


Bundle of Sticks . . . . 


55 


Fox without a Tail 


49 


Cat and the Mice 


72 


Frog and the Ox 


• 25 


Charger and the Ass 


129 


Frogs asking for a King 


81 


Cock and the Jewel 


8 


Geese and the Cranes 


. 67 


Collier and the Fuller 


39 


Gnat and the Bull 


69 


Country Maid and her Milk-can (M] 


73 


Goat and the Goatherd . 


. 107 


Countryman and the Snake 


13 


Goatherd and the Goats 


80 


Country Mouse and the Town 




Goose with the Golden Eggs . 


• 77 


Mouse 


19 


Great and the Little Fishes . 


124 


Crab and her Mother 


28 


Gull and the Kite . 


. 22 


Creaking Wheels .... 


18 


Hare and the Hound . 


38 


Crow and the Pitcher 


3« 


Hare and the Tortoise 


. 26 


Doctor and his Patient 


75 


Hares and the Frogs . 


51 


Dog, the Cock, and the Fox . 


32 


Hart and the Vine . 


• 97 



147 



148 



Index 



PAGE 



Hedge and the Vineyard (l\r 


\l.'2 


Heifer and the Ox . 


. 105 


Hen and the Cat . 


30 


Hercules and the Waggoner 


. 48 


Herdsman and the Lost Bull 


63 


Hound and the Hare 


. 107 


Horse and the Groom . 


II 


Horse and the Loaded Ass 


. 116 


Horse and the Stag 


59 


House-Dog and the Wolf 


• 23 


Hunter and the Fisherman . 


84 


Hunter and the Woodman 


. 141 


Husbandman and the Sea . 


126 


Husbandman and the Stork 


• 52 


Jackass in Office 


109 


Jupiter and the Bee . 


. 84 


Jupiter and the Camel . 


47 


Jupiter, Neptune, Minerva, 


and 


Momus 


• 70 


Kid and the Wolf 


8 


Kid and the Wolf . 


• 125 


Kite and the Pigeons . 


2 


Lamb and the Wolf . 


. 28 


Lark and her Young Ones . 


85 


Leopard and the Fox 


. 132 


Lion and Ass hunting . 


88 


Lion, the Ass, and the Fox, hi 


nting 36 


Lion, the Bear, and the Fox 


lOO 


Lion and other Beasts hunting 


. 68 


Lion and the Bulls 


106 


Lion and his Three Councillors 


5 • 73 


Lion and the Dolphin . 


86 


Lion and the Fox 


• 47 


Lion and the Goat 


76 


Lion in Love 


. 40 


Lion and the Mouse 


21 


Lioness 


• 54 


Man bitten by a Dog . 


. 64 


Man and the Lion . 


. . 56 


Man and the Satyr 


15 


Man and his Two Wives . 


. 118 


Marriage of the Sim 


70 


Mercury and the Sculptor 


. 140 


Mercury and the Woodman 


66 


Mice in Council (M) 


. 76 


Mice and the Weasels . 


92 


Miller, his Son, and their Ass 


(M) . 142 


Mischievous Dog. 


61 


Miser .... 


. 98 


Mole and her Mother . 


54 


Monkey and the Camel . 


• 54 


Monkey and the Dolphin 


58 


Monkey and the Fishermen 


142 


Moon and her Mother 


, 16 


Mountain in Labour 


7 


Mountebank and the Countryn 


nan . 77 


Mouse and the Frog ''. 


14 



Mouse and the Weasel 
Mule 

Nurse and the Wolf 
Oak and the Reed 
Old Hound .... 
Old Lion .... 
Old Man and Death 
Old Woman and her Maids . 
Old Woman and the Physician 
Old Woman and the Wine-jar 
One-eyed Doe 

Pomegranate, the Apple, and 
Bramble .... 
Porker and the Sheep . 
Quack Frog .... 
Raven and the Swan . 
Rivers and the Sea . 
Sea-side Travellers 
Shepherd and the Sea 
Shepherd-boy and the Wolf 
Sick Kite .... 
Sick Lion .... 
Sick Stag . 
Stag in the Ox-stall 
Stag at the Pool 
Swallow in Chancery . 
Swallow and the Raven . 
Thief and the Dog 
Thief and his Mother 
Thirsty Pigeon 
Three Tradesmen . 
Tortoise and the Eagle 
Travellers and the Bear . 
Travellers and the Hatchet . 
Travellers and the Plane-tree 
Trees and the Axe 
Trumpeter taken Prisoner 
Two Pots .... 
Two Wallets 
Vain Jackdaw 
Venus and the Cat . 
Vine and the Goat 
Viper and the File . 
Widow and the Hen . 
Widow and the Sheep 
Wild Boar and the Fox 
Wind and the Sun . 
Wolf and the Crane 
Wolf and the Goat . 
Wolf and the Horse 
Wolf and the Lamb . 
Wolf and the Lion 
Wolf .and the Sheep 
Wolf and the Shepherd 
Wolf and the Shepherds 
Wolf in Sheep's Clothhig 
Wolves and the Sheep 



page 
130 



the 



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1779-1783. With a Description and Account of that Garrison from 
the Earliest Times. By John Drinkwater, Captain in the Seventy- 
second Regiment of Royal Manchester Volunteers. With Plans. 

THE LIFE OF JOHN NICHOLSON, Soldier and 

Administrator. By Captain Lionel J. Trotter. With Portrait and 
3 Maps. 

SIR WM. SMITH'S SMALLER DICTIONARY 

OF THE BIBLE. With Maps and Illustrations. 

A POPULAR HISTORY OF THE CHURCH 

OF ENGLAND. From the Earliest Times to the Present Day. By 
William Boyd Carpenter, Bishop of Ripon, Hon. D.C.L., Oxon. 
With 16 Illustrations. 

BIRD LIFE AND BIRD LORE. By R. Bosworth 

Smith. With Illustrations. 



WORKS BY MRS. BISHOP 

(Isabella L. Bird) 

HAWAIIAN ARCHIPELAGO. Six Months among the 
Palm Groves and Coral Reefs and Volcanoes of the Sandwich Islands. 
With Illustrations. 

UNBEATEN TRACKS IN JAPAN. Including Visits 
to the Aborigines of Yezo, and the Shrines of Nikko and Is6. Map 
and Illustrations. 

*^* Complete List of the Volumes in this Series will be sent post fret 

on application. 



London : JOHN MURRAY, Albemarle Street, W. 



Sazdl, WaUon & Vitiey, Ld., London and A]fie*intnf—8i65/ll.