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One tof a itirpe ptnntaa 

Prima tnlit teUufr 

Antiqiiam aqmnte matmni ■ Vi>a. 




jj^rinteO at tU (Otnltierietfts j^rejsdf ; 




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; • . 







K A B 

Add to introductory remarks on the letter K, 1» 

19, after S.B. ; 

It seems^ however not to have been restricted to 

diminutives^ but to have been used in the formation 

of nouns of a general description. Thus renk, rink, 

a race, was probably from rinn~an to run. It has 

the same general use in German. 

KABBELOW, s, 1. Codfish, &c.] Add; 

% The name given to cabbage and potatoes mash- 
ed together, Loth. 

KABE, s. A thowl, or strong pin of wood for 
keeping an oar steady, Shetl. 
Perhaps from Dan. Icieb, a stick. 

To KACKY, V, n. " To dung,"* Gl. Shirrefs 
and Picken. V. Cackie. 

To Kacky, Cackie, v. a. To befoul with or- 
dure, S. 

Out at the back dore fast she slade. 
And loos*d a buckle wi' some bends ; 
She cackled Jock for a' his pride^ &c. 

Country Wedding, Herd's Coll. ii. 90. 

E ADES, 8. pi. Given as the designation of a dis- 
ease of sheep ; CampbelPs Journ. i. 227. V. 

To KAE, V. a. Expl. " to invite.'' 

" Kae me, and 111 kae you," S. Prov. ; " spoken 

when great people invite and feast one another, and 

neglect the poor." Kelly, p. 227- 

I am not acquainted with this word. It may have 

been used atter the S. form Ca\ in the same sense 

with £. call, as it occurs in Luke xiv. 12, 13 ; 

^* When thou makest a dinner or a supper, caU not 

thy friends : — ^but — call the poor," &c. I suspect, 

however, that it is a vitious orthography. 

KAE, interj. Pshaw ; tush \ expressive of dis* 
approbation or contempt ; pron. like E. Jair^ 
Angus, Mearns ; as, " Kae wi' your haivers,^ 
away with your nonsense ; Kaighj Fife, id. 

Vol. II. 

K A I 

It is equivalent to Get away in E. As Kewaa, 
(pronounced so rapidly that the eis scarcely heard,) 
is pretty generally used for Gae aroa, i. e. go away ; 
kae seems merely a further abbreviation. Teut. ke 
however is rendered, Interjectio varios affectus ex« 
plicans, Kilian. 

KAID, 8, The sheep-louse. V. Kid. 
KAIF, adj. Tame ; also familiar. V. Caif. 
To KAID, V. a. To desire the male ; applied 

to cats, Dumfr. V. Cate. 
Kaidikg, 8. The state of a cat deeiring the 

male, ibid. 
Kaidikg-time, 8. The period during which cats 

are thus inclined, ibid. 
KAIKB AIKAR, 8. A baker of cakes. 

" The kaikbaikari8 wer conwict for the selling of 
penne kaikis." Aberd. Reg. A. 1541, V. 17. Caik^ 
baxteris, ibid. 

KAIL, Kale, 8. 1. The herb in E. called cole- 
wort.] Add; 

'' The village was more than half a mile Ions, 
the cottages being irregularly divided from eadi 
other by gardens, or yards, as the inhabitants call 
them, of different sizes, where (for it is Sixty Years 
since) the now universal potatoe was unknown, but 
which were stored with gigantic plants of kale or 
colewort, encircled with groves of nettles, and here 
and there a large hemlock, or the national thistle, 
overshadowing a quarter of the petty inclosure." 
Waverley, i. 104* 

Wedderbum has been at pains to distinguish the 
different kinds of colewort commonly used in his time. 
^^ Brassica, great kail, unlocked. Brassica capi- 
tata alba, white locked kaiL Brassica crispa, friesled 
or curled kail, Brassica minor, smaller A;ai/.— ^aulis 
a kail-stock" Vocab. p. 18. 
2. Broth made of greens, but especially of cole- 
worts, &C.1 Add; 


K A I 

K A I 

'' A.Bor. cole, heal, or kail, pottage or broth made 
of cabliage ;" Grose. The learned Lhuyd mentions 
Arm. kawl, id.; adding, that ''this word runs through 
many languages or dialect8> and is nothing but the 
Latine Caulis, a synonyme of brassica, called thence 
Colewort." Ray's Collect p. 124, 125. 

I hesitated for some time^ whether the generally 
received idea, that the name of kail is given to broth 
in S. as always implying the idea of its being made 
With vegetables, and especially with coleworts, was 
altogether well-founded. The ground of hesitation 
was the circumstance of C.B. cawl being given by 
WiUiam Richards as the general name for porridge 
or pottage, and also for broth ; and leek-porridge be- 
ing rendered carvl cennin, where the sense of the ge-. 
neric name appears as Kmited by the addition. But, 
on further examination, I find that the term cawl not 
only signifies " any kind of pottages or gruel, in 
which there is cabbage, or a mixture of any other 
herbs, a hodge-podge," but also cabbage, colewort, 
&c., in their natural state ; and Owen seems justly 
to have given the latter as the primary signification ; 
whereas Thomas Richards has inverted this order. 
Carvl, in A.S., is confined to the sense of Rrassica, 
Caulis, '' coles or coleworte," Somner. It also as- 
sumes the forms of caul and carvel, Lye. 
^. Used metony mically for the whole dinner ^ as 
constituting, among our temperate ancestors, the 
principal part, S. 

Hence, in giving a friendly invitation to dinner, it is 
common to say, " Will you come, and tak your kail 
wi'me?" This, as a learned friend observes, resem- 
bles the French invitation, Voulez vous venir manger 
la soupe chez m6i ? 

" But hear ye, neighbour,— if ye want to hear ony 
thing about lang or short sheep, I will be back here 
to my kail against ane o'clock." Tales of my Land- 
lord, p. 31. 

BarefiT) or Barefoot kail, broth made with- 
out meat, Loth. ; the same with Water-kail, S. 
The allusion is evidently to a person who is not 
encumbered with stockings and shoes. 
To GiE one his kail throw the reek, 1. To 
give one a severe reproof, to subject to a com- 
plete scolding-match, S. 

** They set till the sodgers, and I think th^y gae 
them their kale through the reek ! Bastards o' the 
whore of Babylon was tlie best words in their wame." 
Tales of my Landlord^ iii. 12. 
% To punish with severity, including the idea of 
something worse than hard language, S. 
'^ If he brings in the Glengyle folk, and the Glen- 
finlas and Balquhidder lads» hemay come to gte you 
your kail through the reek" Rob Roy, iii. 75. 
To Get one^s kail throw the reek^ 1. To 

meet with severe reprehension, S. 
2. To meet with what causes bitterness, or tho- 
rough repentance, as to any course that one has 
taken, S. 

In allusion to broth being made bitter and unpa- 
lateable in consequence of being much smoked. 

||[ail-bell, 8. The dinner-bell, S.. 
But hark ! the kail-bell rings, and I 
IAaud gae link aff the pot ; 

Come see, ye hash, how sair I sweat 
To stegh your guts, ye sot 

Watt If and Madge, Herd's Coll. ii. 19^. 

From time immemorial, one of the town-bells has 
been daily rung, at a certain hour, on, every lawful 
day except Saturday, to remind the good citizens 
of Edinburgh to repair to diimer, lest they should 
be apt to forget this necessary part of the work of 
the day ; or periuips to give a hint to customers, who 
might be so indiscreet as to prolong their higgling 
at a very unseasonable time. At this summons, half 
a century ago, shops were almost universally shut 
from one to two o'clock, p. m. 

" In 1763 — it was a common practice to lock the 
shops at one o'clock, and to open them after dinner 
at two." Sut. Ace. EdiYi. vi. 608. 
Eail-blade, s. a leaf of colewort, S. 

" Zachariah Smylie's black ram — ^they had laid 
in Mysie's bed, and keepit frae baaing with a gude 
fothering o£ kail-blades.*' R. Gilhaize, ii. 218. 
Kail-castock, s. The stem of the colewort, S. 

— " A beggar received nothing but a kail-castock !* 
&c. £din. Mag. V. Pen, & 2., and Cxstock. 

Kail-pat, Kail^pot, s. A pot in which broth 

is made, S. 

" Set ane of their noses within the smell of a /tai/- 
pot, and their lugs within the sound of a fiddle, and 
whistle them back if ye can." The Pirate, i. ^56. 

" Kale-pot, pottage-pot. North." Grose. 
Kail-seed, s. The seed of colewort, S. 

'^ Declaration, containing a description of the me- 
thod of raising kail-seed, from burying the blades in 
the earths Transmitted by the Lord Colvil." Max-< 
well's Sel. Trans, p. 269. 

Kail-seller, s. A green-man, one who sells ve- 

Among those belonging to Aberdeen, who were 
slain in a battle with Montrose, mention is made of 
•" John Calder kail-seller there." Spalding, ii. 241.. 

This profession, even so long ago, was distinct fVom 
that of fruiterer; for in the same List we find ''John 
NicolsonyrttiVwfln there." 

Kail-wife, s. A green-woman.] Add; 

*' The whole show — came into the Hall ; a stately 
maiden madam, in a crimson mantle, attended by 
six misses carrying baskets of flowers, scattering 
round sweet-smelling herbs, with a most majestical 
air, leading the van. She was the king's kail-rvife, 
or, as they call her in London, his Majesty's herb- 
woman." The Steam-Boat, p. 215. 
Kail-woum, s^ L The vulgar designation of 

a caterpillar, S. 
S. Metaph. applied to a slender person, dressed 

in green, 

'< I heard that green kaiUfvorm of a lad name his 
Majesty's health." Tales of my Landlord, ii. 77» 

Dan. kaalorm, id., orm signifying vermis. 

Kail-yaed, 8. A kitchen-garden.] Add; 

'' I was told, that wKen any of those houses was 
grown old and decayed, th^y often did not repair it, 
but, taking out the timber, they let the walls stand as 
a fit enclosure for a Cale-Yard, i. e. a little garden for 
coleworts, and that they built anew upon another 
spot." Lett from a Gentleman in North of S, i. 33, 

K A I 

To ca' out o' a Kail-tabd. v. Call, Caw, v. 
Kailie, adf. Produdng many leaves fit for the 

pot; a term applied to coleworts, cabbages, &c., 

Kailkennik, s. Cabbages and potatoes beat 

together or mashed, Lanarks. 

This has probably been originally the same with 
C.B. cawl-cennin, leek-porridge. 

KAIL-STRAIK, s. Straw laid on beams, an- 
ciently used instead ofiron, for drying com, Roxb. 
Kaih, 9. A comb.] Add; 

This term bears a figurative sense in a proverb com- 
mon in Teviotd. ; " Ye hae brocht an ill kaim to 
your head ;" signifying that one has brought some 
mischief on one's self. 
Kamyng clayth. 

" Item, ane hamyng claylk sewit with blak silk> 
and ane buird claith thairto. — Item, ane kais ofkamys 
of grene velvot" Inventories, A. 1579* p. 282. 
' This is part of '' die dething for the kingis Ma- 
jesty," while a btnf. The use of the combing cloth 
will be easily conjectured. V. Kaim, Kame, v, 
EAIM, 9. 1. A low ridge.] Add; 
% This term in Ayrs. is usea to denote the crest 

of a hill, or those pinnacles which resemble a 

cocVs comhj whence the name is supposed to 

have been ^ven. 

The term has a similar application in Shetland. 

'* Kaim is a name generally given to a ridge of 
high hills." Edmonston's Zetl. Isl. i. 139. 
8. A camp or fortress, S. 

^' The three lairds were outlawed for this offence; 
and Barclay, one of their number, to screen himself 
from justice, erected the kaim (i. e. the camp, or for- 
tress) of Mathers, which stands upon a rocky, and 
Almost inaccessible peninsula overhanging the Ger- 
man ocean," Minstrelsy Border, ii. 378, N. 

*' His rout, which was different from that which 
he had taken in the morning, conducted him pasi 
the small ruined tower, or ratJier vestige of a tower^ 
called by the country people the Kaim of Dem- 
cleugh." Guy Mannering, iii. 123. 

It is said of one in the Parish of Newton, a few 
miles South-east from Edinburgh : '' It is evident- 
ly altogether artificial. The people of the coun- 
try have always called it the kaim, supposed by some 
to be a corruption of the word camp, but which in 
the Scottish dialect is of the same import with the 
English word comb. What is here called the kaim, 
has no resemblance to a Roman camp, or to the rings 
already described, as existing in mountainous dis- 
tricts. It must have been a work of great labour, and 
resembles more the rampart of a city than any infe- 
rior object. Throughout all Scotland, small ridges, 
though evidently, or at least apparently, formed by 
nature, receive the appellation of Kairnt." Beauties 
of Scotland, i. 329. 

" East from Mortonhall are the two Kaims, in 
which there have been various fortifications. And 
these are the origin of the name ; for Kaims, in our 
old language, signifies camps or fortifications." Ace 
P. Liberton, Trans. Antiq. Soc. i. 304. 

Perhaps it may deserve to be mentioned, that Du 
Cange gives a similar sense to the Fr. word combe. 

Agrum fossa seu terra in tumuli modum elevata mu- 


K A K 

nitum. Combe alicubi vocant V. Tumba, 2. coL 1 337. 
4. Kaim^ as occurring in the designation of a place, 
has been explained ^^ crooked hill.*" 
'' In the middle of these appearances is the Hole« 
haugh-knowe; — and a little way above them Dun 
Kaim, originally Dun Cam, the fort on the crooked 
hill, from Dun, a fortified hill, and Cam, crooked." 
Notes to Pennecuik's Descr. Tweedd. p. 122. 
To KAIM dawn, v. a. To strike with tlie fore- 
feet, applied to a horse. When he strikes so 
as to endanger any one near him, it is said, / 
ihouaht he toad hae kavnCd him down ; Selkirks. 
KAIBDIQUE, 9. Corn from Quart ^ecu, a 
Fr. coin, in value 18d. sterling. 
'' Ordaines the spaces (^spedesl of money to passe 
in the kingdome for the availes anerspedfied; — The 
Rose Noble eleven punds, the Kairdique twentie shil- 
lings." Acts. Cha. I. Ed. 1814, VI. 197. 
EAIRD TURNERS, '' small base money made 
by tinkers ;^ Gl. Spalding. 
*' The kaird turners simpliciter discharged, as false 
cuinyies." Troubles, i. 197. V. Cairo and Turner. 
KAIRNEY, e. A small heap of stones. 
I met ayont the kaimey, 

Jenny Nettles, Jenny Nettles, 
Singing till her baimy, &c. 

Herd's CoU. ii. 60. 
Apparently a dimin. from Cairn, q. v. 
KAIR-SEYN,#. Acairsskin. 

^' Ane half hunder lam skynnis, xx kair skynnis." 
Aberd. Reg. A. 1551. 

To KAITHE, V. n. To i^pear, to shew one^s self. 
Be blaithe, my merrie men, be blaithe, 

Argyll sail haue the worse, 
Giue he into this countrie kaithe. 
BaUdl of Balrinnes, Poems l6th Cent, p. S49. 
Not " come," as in GL It is merely a vitiated or- 
thography of Kithe, q. v., as blaithe is put for blithe. 
KAITHSPELL, Caithspell, e. 

'^Oure souerane lord — ^vnderstanding that the hous- 
sis, biggingis, gimellis, orcherdis, yardis, doucattis, 
kaithspeU, cloistour, and haill office cituat within the 
boundis — of the priorie and abbay place of Sanctan- 
drois, — isforthemaistpairtalredc^edecayit — grantis 
full powar and libertie to—- Lodouik Duik of Leve- 
nox*>to sett in fewferme— quhatsumeuir particular 
pairt or pairtis of the place within the said precinc- 
tis, — ducait, kaithspeU, cloister and grenis, and haill 
waist boundis," &c. ActsJa. VI. 1 597, Ed. 1 8 1 4, p. 1 55. 
In the same act it is written CaithspelL 
This most probably should have been Kaichspelt 
and Catchspell, a tennis-court, or place for playing 
at ball ; Teut. kaets^spel, sphaeristerium locus exer- 
citio pilae destinatus. V. Cache-pole, Catchpule. 
Kay-witted, a(y. Hare-brained.] Add; 

" That kae-wiUed bodie o' a dominie's turned his 
hams a' thegither." Campbell, i. 329. 
KAIZAR, 8. A frame in which cheeses are sus- 
pended from the roof of a room, in order to their 
being dried or preserved in safety, Fife. 
KAKERISS, s. pi. 

" The geir vnderwrittin, viz. ane spinyne quheill, 
ii d. kakeriss, tua d. burdis aik & fir, als mekiU gra- 
thite burdis as wald be ane kist" Aberd. Reg. V. 
16, p. €51. 

K A T 

K £ A 

Can thia denote cheaa-boarda, from Fr. escheqmer, 
a checker^ or LJB. scacar'iutn, id., the s» being thrown 
EALLIVER, s. That apecies of fire-arms called 

a caliver. 

" Thia day, or a day before, Jhone Cockbumis 
schip come in out of Flanderis, wherin was thrie 
kistis of kalliveris ; in ilk kist 30 or 24 ^40^ peices ; 
four or fy ve last of poulder, with some money in fir- 
kinis." R. Bannatyne's Transact, p. 237. 
KAMING CLAYTH. V. under Kaim, s. 
KAMSHACHLE, adj. Applied to what is dit 

ficult to repeat, South of S. 

^' But then the dilogue [^dialogue] comes in, and 
it is sae kainshachle I canna word it, though I canna 
say it's misleard either." Brownie of Bodsbeck, i. 
217. V. Camshauchled. 

KAPER, 9. A piece of cake, covered with but- 
ter, and a slice of cheese above it. V. Capes, 
KARRIEWHITCHIT, a. A fondling term 

for a child, Ang.] Add ; 

CartviCchei is usea by Ben Jonson to denote the 
humour of a low would-be wit ; as if it were a parody 
of crotchet, as signifying '* a perverse conceit." 

" All the fowle i' the Fayre, I meane, all the dirt 
in Smithfield (that's one of Mr. Littlewit's cartvitchets 
now) will bethrowneat our banner to-day, if the mat- 
ter do's not please the people." Bartholmew Fayre, 

p. 69. 

KARTIE, Kertie, 8. A spedes of louse, in 

form resembling a crab> whicn freauently infests 

the pubes of some of the lowest classes, S. 

£. Crablouse ; Pediculus Inguinalis, or Pubis of 

In Teut. it is denominated platlui/s, in Sw. Jlat- 
lus, from the flatness of its form, as Kilian observes ; 
Vulgo, pediculus planus, a planitie et latitudine cor- 
poris ; ItaL pialloie. 

Teut kerte is expL crena, incisura, also podex, cun- 
nus ; and kert-en crenare, subagitare ; I si. kartin is 
rendered remordens, G. Andr.; pungens, Haldorson. 
The latter gives karta as signifying scabrities, also 
aculeus, a small nail. 
To KATE, V. n. To desire the male or female ; 

a term used only of cats, S. V. Gate, Gait. 

This must be radically the same with O.E. " Kew^ 
iyn as cattys. Catello.— £efi^/t;ige as cattis. Catilla- 
tus." Prompt. Parv. 

KATE, Katie, s. Abbrev. of Catherine, 
KATY-HANDED, adj, Lefuhanded, Ayrs. 

" The Doctor and me had great sport about the 
spurtle-sword, — rfor it was very incommodious to me 
on the left side, as I have been all my days A-a/y*- 
handed" The Steam-Boat, p. 191. 

Evidently a word of Celtic origin. Gael, ciot-ack / 
Ir. kitach; C.B. ckwUh, ckmihig, id. 

KATIEHUNKERS, adv, A term used to ex- 
press a particular mode of sliding on the ice, 
especially where there is a declivity. The per- 
son sits on his or her hams ; ana in this atti- 
tude is either moved onward by the first impulse 
received, or is drawn by a companion holding 
each hand, Loth. 
It may be conjectured, from the use of the abbre^ 


viation ^f die name Catherine, that this mode was at 
first confined to girls. For the last part of the word, 
V. Hunker, v. and Hunkers, s. 
KAUGH (gutt), e. Great bustle, oonfusioD, per- 
turbation, Gall. 

'' To be in a kauch, to be in an extreme flutter ; 
not knowing which way to turn ; over head and ears 
in business." Gall. Encycl. 
It seems to be the same word that is used as a v. 
Sae laughing, and kauching, 
Thou fain would follow me. 

Aidd Sang, ibid. p. 349. 
This must be viewed as the same witb Keach, 
Dumfr. ; and most probably with Caigh, denoting 
anxiety, Renfr. Isl. kiagg expresses a similar idea ; 
Vagatus difBcilis sub onere ; kiagg-a, aegre sub onere 
procedere; Haldorson^ 

To KAVE, V. a. ** To clean ; to leave the com^ 
to separate the straw from the corn;^' Gall. En- 
cycl. V. Cave, and Keve. 
KAVELLING and DELING, dividing by 1:0. 

vel or lot. Act. Dom« Cone. V. Cavell, v. 
KAVEL-MELL5 s. A sledge hammer, a ham- 
mer of a large size used for breaking stones, 
&c,, Loth. 

This is apparently allied to Isl. kejU baculus, cy-. 
lindrus ; item palanga ; Haldorson. V. Cavel. 
K AWR, s, pi Calves, Banffs. 

Whan left alane, she clean t the house, 

Pat on a bra' fire i' the chimly. 
Than milkt the kye an' fed the kawr. 

Taylor's S, Poems, p. 71. V. Caure. 
KAZZIE-CHAIR. V. under Cas&ie. 
KEACH, Keagu, s. Uneasiness of mind, ari- 
sing from too great anxiety about domestic af-^ 
fairs, or hurry and pressure of business of any 
sort ; bustle, anxious exertion ; Dumfr. This 
is only a variety of iTat^A, q. v. 
KEAGE, Keyagx, s. Duty pidd at a quay. 

^' The office of coUectory of the keage off the peir 
[pier] & duety tharoff." Aberd. Reg. " Semblable, 
the office of keyage" Ibid.. 

O.Fr. quaiage, quayage, droit que le marchands 
payoient pour d^poser leur marchandises sur la quai 
d'un port ; Roquefort. 
KEAP-STQNE, s. A copestone. 

^* One James Elder, a seaman in Dysert, being att 
Leith, by the fall of a keap'Stojie or 2 of* some lod- 
ging, his head was bruised into pieces, and [he] ne- 
ver spake after." Lamont's Diary, p. 246. 
To KE AVE, ». a. To toss the horns in a threa- 
tening way, a term properly applied to homed 
cattle ; to threaten, JEttr. For. 
— Claw the traitors wi' a flail. 
That took the midden for their bail. 
And kiss'd the cow ahint the tail. 
That keav'd at kuigs themsel. 

Jacobite Relics, u. 40. 
This does not seem to be different from Cave, Keve. 
Ec AViE-CLEEE, s. A crookcd piece of iron used 

for catching crabs, Fife. 
KEAVLE, s. " The part.of a field which falls 
to one on a division by lots ;^ GI. Surv. Moray. 
Y. Cavel^ 

K E B 

K £ £ 

KEAW, s. A jackdaw, Gall. 

Auld famyear stories come athwart their minds^ 
Of bum^bee bykes, pet pyats^ doos^ and keaws. 
Davidson's Seasons, p. 5. V. Kay. 
KEB, ». An insect peculiar to sheep, the tick or 
sheep-louse, Aberd. This also is the only name 
for it in Orkney ; synon. Ked^ Kid, and Fag. 
** Tabanus^ a cleg. — Accari, mites. Reduvio^ a keb." 
Wedderbum's Vocab. p. l6. 
To Keb, v. n. To cast a lamb immaturely.] Add; 
" The legend accounted for this name and appear- 
ance by the catastrophe of a noted and most formid« 
able witch who frequented these hills in former days^ 
causing the ewes to kehy and the kine to cast their 
calves, and performing all the feats of mischief a- 
acribed to these evil beings." Tales Landl. i. 41. 
2. A ewe is said to keby when she has abandoned 
her lamb, or lost it by death, or in whatever 
way, Ettr. For. 

I am assured, as the result of accurate inquiry, 
that this is the sense of the word in Selkirks.^ Pee- 
bles^ and the upper part of Dumfr. It would seem 
to be the sense also in Galloway. V. Keb, s» 
Keb, ^.] Dejme ; A ewe that has lost her lamb, 
in whatever way, Ettr. For.] Add ; 
*' Keb-efves, ewes that have lost their lambs, so 
fattened for butchers." Gall. Encyd. 

The late ingenious Dr. Leyden, in his Compl., has 
said that " a kebr-lamb is a lamb the mother of which 
dies when it is young." Yet it is denied by shep- 
herds of the south that this phrase is in use among 
them. I have reason, however, to believe that^ in 
Roxb., the phrase ^' hebbit lamb" is applied to a lamb 
that has been bom immaturely. 
% A sow-pig that has been littered dead, Roxb. 
This may have been the original sense ; as most 
nearly approaching to that of the Teut. word. V. 
et3rmon under Keb. 

KEB, 8. " A blow ;'' Ayrs., Gl. Picken; id. Gall 

C.B. c6bx a knock, a thump ; cob^iaw, to thump ; 
Armor, coup^ a stroke. 
KEBAR, s. 

Weel, tak' thee that ! — ^vile ruthless creature ! 

for wha but hates a savage nature ? 

Sic fate to ilk unsocial kebar. 

Who lays a snare to wrang his neighbour^ 

The Spider, TannaUlTs Poems, p. 1 36. 
Perhaps a figurative use of the term Kebbre, caber, 
a rafter, a beam, like Cavel and Rung. Gael, cabaire, 
however, signifies a babbler, and cabhar any old bird., 
To KEBBIE, V. a. To chide, to quarrel] Add; 
To these Gael. ciapaUam, to contend, to quarrel, 
is most probably allied. 

Kebbie-lebbie, s. Altercation, especially as 
carried on by a variety of persons speaking at 
oQe time, Ang. 
A while in silence scowl'd the croirdx^ 
And syne a kebhy-debby loud 
Gat up, an' twenty at a time 
Gae their opinions of the crime. 

Tlie Piper ofPethUs, p. 15. 
KEBBIE, Kebbie-stick, s. A staS^or stick with 
a hooked head, Roxb.; Crummie'Staff^ synon. S. 
" Ane o' them was gaun to strike my mother wi' 


the side o' his broadsword. So I gat up my kebbig 
at them, and said I wad gie them as gude." Tales 
of my Landlord, iii. 11. 

Isl kepp-r fustis, rudis, clava; Su.G. kaepp bacu- 
lus, whence the diminutive kaefle; Dan. iaep, id., 
kieppe slag, a cudgelling ; Ital. ceppo, id. ; Moe8.G. 
kaupat'jan verberare. 
KEBBUCK, Kebbock, s. A cheese, &c.] Add; 

In the south of S. this designation is impropriated 
to a cheese made of mixed milk. 

^' A huge kebbock (a cheese that is made with ewe 
milk mixed with cow's milk), and a jar of salt but- 
ter, were in common to the company." Tales of my 
Landlord, ii. 170. 
KEBRITCH, *. Very lean meat, Roxb. ; the 

same with Cabrochj q. v. 
KEBRUCH, s. Meat unfit for use, Fife ; the 

same with KebrUch^ also with Skeebroch, 
KECHT,*. "A consumptive cough;'' GallEnc. 

TeuL^icA, asthma; kich-^en, leviteratque inaniter 
tussire. V. Kioh. 
To KECK, V. ». To draw back in a bargain, 

to flinch ; as, " IVe keckH,"^ I have changed 

my mind, and decline adhering to the offer I 

formerly made ; Roxb. 

Teut kecke, fallacia, dolus ; Isl. kak-iaz, recurvari. 
To KECK, V. n. To faint or swoon suddenly, 


Isl. heik'ia, supprimere, heik-iaz, deficere, are the 
only terms I have met with which seem to have any 
To KECKLE, 77. n. 1 . To cackle as a hen, S. 

" Crocio, vocifiero ut corvus, to crow, to crowp. 
Glocio, to keckle, Cucurio, — to crow." Despaut« 
Gram. £. 7, b. 
2. To laugh violently, S. 
KED, s. The louse of sheep.] Add / 

" The ked (hippobosca ovinaj molests aU sorts and 
ages, but particularly hogs or young sheep. It har- 
bours in the wool, bites the sheep, and sucks their 
blood :"^The ^ck (acarus reduviusj^ is a distinct 
species of vermin, harassing the lambs and trembling 
sheep in spring." Essays Highl Soc. iii. 435. 
To KEDGE, V. n. To toss about, to move a 

thing quickly from one place to another, S. V. 

Cache, Caich, Cadge. 
KEDGIE, adj. Cheerful, &c. V. Caigie.] 

Add to etymon ; 

There can be no doubt that 0.£. kyde has a com-^ 
mon origin. " Kyde or ioly, polly]]. Jocundus. 
Vernosus. Hilaris." Prompt.. Parv. 
KEECHIN, s. In distillation, the liquor after 

it has been drawn from the dr (iff or grains, and 

fermented, before going through the still, Fife. 

After passing once through the still, it is called 

Gael caocAaii,whi8ky in the first processof distillation. 
To KEEK, Keik, v. n. 1. To look with a pry- 

ing eye.] Add ; 

" Kekyn or pryuely wayten. Speculor. Intueor." 
Prompt. Parv. 

g. To look by stealth.] Add; 

It is understood as signifying, '' to look sudcienly 
9nd slil;^ into any place," Dumfie. 

K E E 

K E E 

8. To make the first appearance ; applied to in- 
animate objects, S. 

The fowk were in a perfect fever, 
'—Turning coats^ and mending breeks, 
New-seating where the sark-tail keeks. 

Mavn^s Siller Gun, p. 1 1. 
Keek, s. A peep, a stolen glance, S.] Add; 
He by his shouther gae a keek, 
And tumbl'd wi' a wintle, 

Out-owre that night Bums, iii. 154. 
Keek-hole, s, A chink or small orifice through 

which prying persons peep, S. 

Dan. fetghtd, a peep-hole. 
KEEL, Keil, s. Ruddle, S.] Add; 

Gael, oil, ruddle ; Shaw. 
To Keel, Keil, v. a. 1. To mark with ruddle, 

S.] Add; 
2. Metaph. to mark any person or thing; as ex- 
pressive of jealousy or dissatisfaction, S. 
KEEL, Keill, 8. A lighter, Aberd. Reg.; Keel 

id. A.Bor. 

" Accatium^ a keel or lighter." Wedd. Voc. p. 22. 

A.S. ceole, navicula, celox, '' a small barke or other 
vessel ;" Somner. But Du Cange observes that it 
raiher signified a long ship, ceol being distinguished 
from navicula, and paying fourpence of toll, when 
one penny only was exacted for a smcdl vessel. It 
was in such keels that the Saxons found their way to 
England, when they invaded it. Malmesb. de Gest 
Angl. L. 1. 

KEEL, 8. A cant term for the backside, Aberd. 
KEELACK, 8. A pannier used for carrying out 

dung to the field, Banffs. ; the same with KeU 

lachf q. v. 

Hence the proverbial phrase, " The witch is in the 
keelack," used when the superiority of theproduce, on 
any spot of ground, is attributed to the dung which 
is carried out in the keelack or pannier ; i. e. '^ the 
charm lies in the manure." 
KEELICK,^. % A hloyr.] Add; 

Keelick, as used in this sense, seems radically the 
same with A.Bor. " kelks, a beating, blows. I gave 
him two or three good kelks" Gl. Grose. 

This may be allied to Isl. kiaelke the cheek, as 
originally denoting a blow on the chops, like Teut. 
kaeck-slagh, alapa, colaphus, a stroke on the c)ieck ; 
and Su.G. kindhaest colaphus, from kind the cheek: 
or to Isl. kelk'ia, adverso fumine [jr. numine^ nitor, 
obnitor; G. Andr. p. 141. 
KEELIE, 8. A hawk, chiefiy applied to a young 

one, Loth., Teviotd. 

'^ A combination of young blackguards in Edin- 
burgh hence termed themselves the Keelie Gang." 
Sir W. S. 

Can this be corr. from Fr. ctUier-faulcon, a seeled 
hawk } Isl. keila is expl., foemina animalium rapa- 
cium ; Haldorson. It is, however, more probably 
allied to C.B. gwalch, or cidifU, both which terms de« 
note a hawk. 
KEELING, Keling, &c. 8. Cod of a large size.] 


Kelyng in O.E. denotes a fish. Palsgr. expl. it by 
Fr. aunon ; B. iii. F. 42. Cotgr. also renders Aunon, 
" a keeling (fish)." 

According to Haldorson, Isl. kala is Gadus dorso 

monoterygio minor. This seehns to be the Gadus 
Aeglefinus of Linn., which he says is in Sweden 
called kolja. The northern name keila may have 
passed, in the inaccuracy of fishermen, from the had- 
dock to the cod. 
KEELIVINE, 8. A black lead pencil, S.] Add; 

" Put up your pocket-book and your kedyvine pen 
then, for I downa speak out an^ ye hae writing ma« 
terials in your hands — they^re a sCaur to unlearned 
folk like me." Antiquary, iii. 187^ 

It is observed by one literary friend, that keelivin^ 
pen is a pen of keel, or black lead, in a vine. 

It has been also suggested to me, that perhaps the 
word keelivine may rather have been imported from 
France ; as, in some provinces, the phrase cueill ie 
vigne is used for a small slip of the vine, in which 
a piece of chalk, or something of this kind, is fre« 
quently inserted for the purpose of marking. It is 
believed, that the other end is sometimes formed 
into a sort of pen. 

It has occurred, however, that it may be guiUe de 
vigne, from Fr. guille, a kind of quill. 

It would appear from a letter of the Tincklatian 
Doctor Mitchell, A. 1720, that i^ his time keeUviite 
was cried in our streets for sale. He mentions an* 
other kind of pencil that had been sold by the same 

*^ If God's Providence were not wonderful, I would 
long since been crying Kilie vine, and Kilie vert, con- 
sidering I began upon a crown, and a poor trade." 

KiUe-vert seems to have been made of a green mi-> 
heral. Fr. verd de terre, " a kind of green minerall 
chaulke or sand ;" Cotgr. He gives vert as the same 
with verd. 
KEEL-ROW, 8. " AGallovidian country-dance; 

the Keel-row is in Cromek's Nithsdale and Gal« 

loway Song;'' Gall. Encycl. 
To KEEP Land in, to crop it, Dunbartons. 
To Keep Land out^ not to crop it, ibid. 

'* Strange as it may seem, there are instances, even 
in Dumbartonshire, where tenants are bound to keep 
their lands three years in and six years out, i. e. to 
take three white crops in succession, and then leave 
the exhausted soil to recruit itself, as it best may, 
for six successive years." Agr. Surv. Dunbart. 
p. 5a 

KEERIE-OAM, 8. A game common in Perth. 
One of the boys, selected by lot, takes his sta« 
tion by a wall with his face turned to it and 
covered with bis hands. The rest of the party 
run off to conceal themselves in the closes in the 
neighbourhood ; and the last who disappears 
calls out, Keerie-oam. The boy, who has had 
his face at the wall, then leaves his station, and 
searches for those who have hid themselves; 
and the first whom he lays hold of takes his 
place in the next game, which is carried on as 
the preceding one. 

If we shall suppose that this species of Hide and 
Seek has been introduced from the Low Countries, 
we may view the term as derived from Teut. keer^en 
vertere, and om circum, in composition omkeer^en ; 
as it is merely the call or warning given, to him who 
has his face turned to the wall, to turn about and be* 
gin the search. 

K E E 


KEERIKINy s. A smart and sudden blow which 
turns one topsy-turvy, Fife. 
It may be a diminutive, by the addition of kin, 
from Teut. keer-eti vertere, also propulsare ; as sug- 
gesting the idea of overturning. 
KEEROCH, s, A term used contemptuously to 
denote any strange mixture ; sometimes applied 
by the vulgar to medical compounds, Aberd. 
Thus they speak of " the Tceerochs of thai Doc- 
tors.'* Apparently synon. with Soss, 
Perhaps from the same origin with Keir to drive, 
often applied to a mess that is tossed, in the vessel 
containing it, till it excite disgust. 
EXERS, 8. A thin gruel given to feeble sheep 
in spring, Ettr. For. 

As gruel corresponds with Lat jus avenaceum, 
this word is most probably a rqmnant of the Welsh 
kingdom, which extended to Ettr. For., and includ- 
ed at least part of it. C.B. ceirch signifies avena, or 
oats; ceirchog, avenaceus. W. Richards renders Oat- 
meal-grout, rkynion ceirch. Corn, kerk. Armor, kerck, 
and Ir. koirke, all signify oats. Owen derives ceirch 
from cair, fruit ; berries. The learned and ingenious 
Rudbeck asserts, that the Goth, name of Ceres, the 
goddess of corn, was Kaera ; Atlant ii. 448. 

KEESLIP, s. 1. The stomach of a calf, used 
for curdling milk> Teviotd. ; synon. Eamirij 
Yeamin. Keslopy id.. North. Grose. 
Teut. kaeS'Ubbe, coagulum ; kaese signifying cheese, 

and Uhhe, lebbe, belonging to the same stock with our 

Lappered, coagulated. Isl. kaesir, coagulum ; A.S. 

ctfslib, id. 

2. This name, or that of KeesKp, is given to an 
herb, which gi*ows in gardens, nearly resembling 
8outhern.wood, Loth. 
The Galium is called cheese rennet in E., as it is 

used both there and in S. as a substitute for reimet. 

KEEST, *. Sap, substance, Roxb. Hence, 
Keestless, Kystless, adf. 1. Tasteless, insi- 

pid» ibid^ 

<' Kifstlessi tasteless ;- ' Gl. Sibb. 
2. Without substance or spirit, ibid. 
S. Affording no nourishment; pron. Kizless^ Ettr. 

For. ; FizzenlesSy synon. Both are generally 

said of hay and grass. 

Probably akin to Teut. keesi, the pith of a tree ; 
Medulla, cor^ matrix arboris; keest-en germinare, 
puUulare, u e. to send forth the pith or substance ; 
applied also to the sprouting of com. C.B. cys sig- 
nifies torpid, void of feeling ; and cysgva numbness. 
KEEVE, s. Used as synon. with tub^ E. 

^' As £br the bleaching-house, it ought to be fur- 
nished with good coppers and boilers, good keeves or 
tubs for bucking, and also stands and vats for keep- 
ing the several sorts an4 degrees of lyes." Maxwell's 
Sel. Tcans. p, 3^3, 

Thia is evidently the same with Kive, in Dict., 
although expl. by Kelly a masking-vat. Mr. Todd 
refers to' this article;^ and remarks that Kive appears 
to be of English usage, and by an old author of great 
credit. This is Sir W. Petty, in his History of Dyeing. 

Mr. Todd is certainly right in viewing this as an 
old £. word ; and had he looked a little farther, he 
would have found it, according to the orthography 


here given, in Kersey's Diet Anglo-Brit, and also 
in his edition of Phillips, in the very same words. 
" Keeve or Keever, a brewing-vessel, in which the ale 
or beer works before it is tunn'd." Grose also men- 
tions it as a local term. " Keeve, a large vessel to fer- 
ment liquors in. Devonsh." 

All these lexicographers have been silent as to the 
origin of this term. There can be no doubt that this 
is A.S. e^, c^ffe, dolium, cadus, a " tonne or barrel ;" 
Somner. It would appear that this learned writer 
was not acquainted with the O.E. word. Teut. kuype, 
dolium, as well as Lat. cup-a by which it is expl., 
seem allied; to which we may add Alem. cuphe, and 
Dan. kube, id. Ihre observes, vo. Kypare, that in 
Gothland kyp-a signifies, to draw water with a pit- 
cher, or any other instrument. 
KEEZLIE^cr^V Unproductive, barren; applied 

to soil that is good for nothing, or that scarcely 

brings any tiling to perfection, Ayrs. 

KeezUe knowes, knolls where the soil is like a caput 

Perhaps from Teut kesel, keesel, a flint ; Germ. 
kiesel, id., also a pebble ; kiess, gravel. 

KEFF, s. One is said to he in a gay heff^ when 

one'^s spirits are elevated with good news, Ayrs. 

Isl. aktife and akefd signify fervor, praecipitantia; 

hjf-^ contendere ; Idf, kt/f, lis, contentio ; Dan. kiv, 

id. Or shall we view it as a variety of S. cave, a toss? 

KEY, 8, The seed of the ash. V. Ash-keys. 
KEIES,KEYi8o^i^A^ Courty a phrase metaph. ap- 
plied to certain office-bearers in courts, of law. 
'^ Al courts by and attour the ordinar persons of 
the judge, the persewer & the defender, suld haue 
certane vther persons & members, quhilks ar called 
claues curiae,, the keies of the court, that is, ane lauchful 
official or seriand," &c. Skene, Verb. Sign. vo. Curia. 
'^ The keyis (^ court are thir, viz. 1. Ane Justice 
that is wyse, and hes knawlege of the lawis," &c. 
Balfour's Pract p. 273. 

Besides the Justice he mentions a Schiref, Coroner, 
Serjandis, Clerk, and Dempster. He adds an Assise 
and Witnesses, not in Skene's enumeration. 

According to the Lat. version given of the figure 
by Skene, it seems to convey the idea, that the court 
could not be regularly opened without the presence 
of the office-bearers mentioned. Whether the idea 
has been borrowed from the phrase Ctaves Ecclesiae, 
as denoting ecclesiastical power, I shall not pretend 
to determine. 

Cowel renders Keyus, Keys, a guardian, warden> 
or keeper ; conjoined with seneschallus, constabula- 
rius> ballivus. See. in Monast. AngL ii. 71. He adds, 
that in the Isle of Man, the'24Commoners, who are 
as it were the conservators of the liberties of ^e peo- 
ple, are called, the- Keys of the island. According to 
Camden, the number of these is twelve. Brit iv. 504. 
Du Cange also mentions Cei as signifying Judicatures* 
But the term, as used by our writers, seems to have 
no connexion. For it includes the inferior officers of 
a court as well as the judges^ 
KiNG^s KEYS. To mak King^s Keys^ to force open 
the door of a house, room, chest, &c. by virtue 
of a legal warrant in his MqjesUfa name, S. 
'^ And what will ye do, if I carena to thraw the 
keys^ or draw the bolts, or open the grate to sic a. 

K E L 

damjamfrie ?' said the old dame scoffingly. ' Force 
our way wi' the king's keys^ and break the neck of 
every soul we find in the house," &c Tales^ Black 
Dwarf, p. 173, 174. 

This is an old Fr. phrase. FairelaclefleBqy, ou- 
vrir les clefs et les coffres avec des instruments de 
serrurier; Roquefort. 

To KEIE, V. n. To pry. V. Keek. 
KEIE, Eeig,«. a sort of wooden trumpet, long 

^nd sonorous, formerly blown in the country at 

5 o'clock p. M., Aberd. In some places they 

still blow a horn at this hour. 
KEYL, s. A bag, or sack. 

*' Ane keyl full of eldin," i. e. of fuel. Aberd. Reg. 
A. 1535, V. XV. 59^. 

This is most probably the same word with Isl. ki/ll, 
cuius, saccus, G. Andr. ; uter, mantica, Haldorson ; 
expl. by Dan. ktedersaek and taske, both denoting a 
leathern sack or bag ; Kyi, saccus, pera ; Verel. Ind. 
Kuilla, Tatian, id. V. Ihre, vo. KU, sense 4. To 
these we must add A.S. cylle, uter, cadus, lagena ; 
'' a bottle, a barrell, a flagon ;" and cUle ascopera, " a 
leathern bag ;" Somner. 
KE YLE, s. Ruddle ; S. keel 

*' Thelordis assignis to Thomas Symsoun — ^to prufe 
that the gudis that he distrenyeit for the larde of 
Femyis dettis — ^war one the lard of Femyis avne 
iandis, & had his keyle & his mark." Act Dom. Cone. 
A. 1480, p. 57. V. Keel. 

KEILL, 9. A lighter. V. Keel. 

To KEILTCH, v. a. 1. To heave up ; swd of 
a burden which one has already upon the back, 
but whicli is falling too low, Ettr. For. 

2. To jog with the elbow, ibid. 

Perhaps, notwithstanding the transposition, from 

the same fountain with Teut kUds^en, pulsare, pul- 

tare, kluts^en, quatere, concutere ; or kkts, ictus re- 

sonans, klets^en, resono ictu verberare. Or shall we 

prefer Su.G. kill-a, upkili-a, Dan. kilt^er op, to truss, 

to tie or tuck up ? 

Keiltch, s. One who lifts, heaves, or pushes up- 
wards, Ettr. For. 

KEIP, *. Heed, care. V. Kepe. 

Tak keip to my capill that na man him call, 
i. e. drive away. Raiif Coilyear, C. iij, a. 

KEIPPIS, 8. pi 

" Siluer wark, brasin wark, kdppis and omamentis 
of the paroche kirk." Aberd. Reg. V. 24. Copes ? 

KEYSART, s. A hack, or frame of wood, in 
which cheeses are hung up for being dried, Fife. 
Teut. kaes^horde, fiscella, fiscina casearia; from kaese, 
ktse, a cheese, and horde a frame of wood. This is 
evidently the same with Kaisart, although different- 
ly used in the different counties ; as Kaisart in Angus 
denotes the cheese-vat. 
KEIST, pret. Threw. V. Kest. 
KEITH, ^.] Define ; — A bar laid across a river 
or stream, for preventing salmon from getting 
farther up, Perths. 

KEIT YOU, Get away, Aberd. V. Kit ye. 
Keeling, s. The act of cackling, S. 

" The crowing of cocks, kekling of hens, calling 
of partridges." Urquhart's Rabelais, B. iii. p. 106. 

Add to etymon; — ls\, gaukl-a, glociregallinarum» 


K E L 

KELCH YN, Kelten, s. A mulct paid for man* 

slaughter.^ R. the last sentence of etymon thus; 

KeUen, which occurs only in the Index to the trans- 
lation of Reg. Mag., and in the Notes to the Lat copy, 
is mentioned by Skene as a various reading. 
KELING, ^. Large cod. V. Keeling. 
KELING TREIS. " Knappel Sckelinfftreis;'' 

Aberd. Reg. 

As, in our old writings, foreign wood is generaUy 
denominated from the country, district, or sea-port, 
whence it had been brought ; this may be wood from 
Kiel, a town of the dutchy of Holstein, situated on 
the Baltic Or shall we view it as denoting wood fit 
for making keels; either for the formation of the keel 
strictly so denominated, or for ship-building in ge- 
neral? A.S. caeU, ced, carina, Teut kiel, Su.G. koel, id. 
KELL, 8. 1. A dress for a woman^s head.] Add ; 
Then up and gat her seven sisters. 

And sewed to her a kell; 
And every steek that they put in 
Sewed to a siller bell. ^ 

Ballad, Gay Goss HifvL 

tt has been suggested to me, that up and may be a 
corr. of some old form of the adv. up. And it is by 
no means improbable that it may be a relique of A.S. 
uppan, supra. This, however, is used as a prep. 

*' Kell. Reticulum." Prompt. Parv. 
8. Thejiirfur, or scurf on a child^s head, Ayrs. 

'* But foul as the capital then was, and covered 

with the leprosy of idolatry, — ^they so medicated her 

with the searching medicaments of the Reformation, 

►that she was soon scrapit of all the scurf and kell of 

her abominations." R. Gilhaize, i. 271. 

Isl. kal and qwol signify, inquinamentum, kal-a in- 
KELSO BOOTS, heavy shackles put upon the 

legs of prisoners ; by some supposed to be & 

sort of stocks, Teviotd. 
KELSO CONVOY, an accompaniment scarcely 

deserving the name. South oi S. 

" Ye needna gang higher than the loan-head — it's 
no expected your honour suld leave the land — ^it's 
just a Kelso convoy, a step and a half ower the door« 
stane.' ' And why a Kelso convoy more than any ' 
other?' — ' How should I ken? it's just a bye- word." 
Antiquary, iii, 5. 

This is rather farther than a Scotch convoy, which 
is only to the door. It is, however, expl, by others, 
as signifying that one goes as far as the friend whom 
he accompanies has to go, although to his own door. 
KELSO RUNGS, generally classed with Jed- 

dart Staves^ but oUierwise unknown, ibid. 
To KELTER, v. n, 1. To move in an undu- 
lating manner.] Add ; 
% Often applied to the stomach, as expressive of 

the great nausea felt before puking, S. 

3. To tilt up ; as, a balance is said to keUer^ when 
the one end of the beam mounts suddenly up- 
wards ; or when a cart, in the act of unyoking, 
escapes from the hold, so that the shafts get too 
far up, Lanarks. 

4. To tumble or fall headlong. South of S. 

The twasome warsel'd here and there. 
Till owre a form they kelter^d, 

A. Scott's Poems, p. l6. 

K £ M 

K B M 


5. To struggle violently^ -as a fish to release itself 

* from the hiook, Perths. 

To Kelteb, a. a. To overturn, to overset, Fife, 


C.B. chfvyldrm^ to revolve^ to whirl, chwyldtxk, a 
circalar turn ; from chwyl, and tro, both signifying 
a' turn: Su.G. kuUr-a, in orbem ferri, in caput prae- 
ceps ferri, from hdl vertex. 
Kelteb, s, a fall in which one is thrown heels 

over head, a somerset, Ayrs. 
EELTIE, s. A large glass or bumper, &c.] Aid; 

It is a singular fancy that the ingenious Sir James 
Foulis throws out as to the origin of this custom. 
When describing die manners of the ancient Alba- 
nich of Scotland, he says : 

** A horn Was twisted so as to go round the arm. 
This being filled with liquor, was to be applied to 
the lips, and drunk off at one draught. If, in with- 
drawmg the arm, any liquor was left, it discovered 
itself by rattling in the windings o£ the horn. Then 
the company called out comeigh, i. e. the horu cries; 
and the delinquent was obliged to drink keltiey that 
is, to fill up his cup again and drink it out, accord- 
ing to the laws of the Kelts, for so ought th^ word 
Celt to be pronounced. We have from hence a clear 
proof that they were jolly topers." Trans. Antiq. 
Soc S. i. 23. 

But the good Baronet should have told us^ whe- 
ther the term originated with the Romans, or the 
Picts, or what other nation ; for it was never form- 
ed by the people to whom be refers. They never 
designed themselves either Ceks or Kelts, but Gael, 
it is not likely, at any rate, that they would borrow 
from themselves a name for this custom. 
Eeltie aff. Cleared keliie o^ a phrase used to 

denote that one^s glass is quite empty, previous- 
ly to drinking a bumper, 3. 

" Fill a brimmer — this is my excellent fWend, Bai- 
lie Nicol Jarvie's health— I kand him and his father 
these twenty years. Are ye a' cleared keUie afff Fill 
anither. Here's to his being sune IVovost"^ Rob 
Roy, iii. SS. 
KEMESTER, s, A wool-comber, S/| Add; 

Balfour writes Camesteris ; Praeticks, p. 74* 
KEMMIN, s. A term commonly used in Upp. 

I^narks. in reladon tochildren or small animals, 

to denote activity and agility; as, ** He rins like 

a kemmin^ he runs very fast ; " He wirks like 

a kemmin^ he works with great activity ; *^ He 

fechts, i. e. fights like a kemmin^ &c. 

This term, belonging to Strat-Clyde, is very pro- 
bably of Welsh origin. C.B. cammin, a peregrine 
falcon ; or ccimmyn, one that strives in the games. 
Kemp, s, 1. A champion.] Add; 
S. One who is viewed as the leader of a party, or 

as. a champion ip controversy. 

" I exhorte ye cause ygur prpphete Johne Knox, 
and your Superintendant Johne Spotiswod, to im- 
jHreve Sanctis flierom and Augustine as leand wit- 
nessis in the premissis. — Bot peradventure albeit 
thh" twa your Ketnpis dar not for schame answeirin 
this mater, ye wyll appeill to the rest of your lernit 
theologis of a gret numbir in Scotland and Geneva.'*' 
N. Winyet, Keith's Hist. App. p. 217. 

YoL. II. 9 

Kempeb, e. 1. One who strives on the harvest- 
field.] Add; 

" Mark, I see nought to hinder you and me from 
helping to give a hot brow to this bevy of notable 
kempers.** Blackw, Mag. Jan. 1.82 1 , p. 401 . 
Add to etymon ; 
This class of words had been also used by the Celts. 
C.B. camp, a circle ; a feat ; a game ; also the prize 
obtained in the games; camp-iaw, to contend at 
games ; catnpiivr, one who contends in the games ; 
Owen. Gael, campur, a champion. Whether C.B. 
camp, as denoting a circle, or Lat. camp-us, be the ra- 
dical term, I shall not pretend to determine. 

Eemfin, EempinGj, «. 1. The act of striving.1 

Add ; 
2. Used to denote warfare, or a ^struggle for su- 
periority in whatever way^ S. 
'^. Is nae there the country to fight Tor, and the 
burnsides that I gang daundering beside, and the 
hearths o' the gudwives that gie me my bit bread, 
and the bits o' weans that come toddling to play wi* 
me when I come about a landward town ?'^— He con- 
tinued, grasping his pike-staff with great emphasis, 
' An I had as gude pith as I hae gude-will, and a 
gude cause,, I should gie some o' them a day's kemp>^ 
ing," Antiquary, iii. 826. 

'' I wad hae gien the best man in the country the 
breadth o*' his back, gin he had gien me sic a kempm 
iyig as ye hae dune." Rob Roy, ii. 2^60. 

Kemp, s. The name given to a stalk of Ribgrass, 

Plantago lanceolata, Linp. ; Teviotd., Loth. 

2. A game thus denominated; also in^l. KempSy ib. 

Two children, or young people, pull each a dozen 

of stalks of rib-grass; and try who, with his kemp, can 

decapitate the greatest number of those belonging 

.to his oppon^. He> who hafi one remaining, while 

• all that belong to the other are gone, wins the game; 
as in the play of Beggar^nuf-neigkhour with cards. 
They also give xKe name of soldiers to these stalks. 

'* Says Isaac, with great simplicity, ' Women al- 
ways like to be striking kemps with a handsome and 
proper man." Perils of Man, iii. 318. 

As this stalk is also called Carldoddy, from its 
supposed resemblance to, an old man with a bald 

* head ; it seems to have received the name of kemps 
for a similar reason, because of its. fancied likeness to 
a helmeted head; or perhap from the use made of 
the stalkaby young people, m tlieir harmless combat. 

I have elsewhere had occasion to remark it as a 
singular circumstance, that many of the vulgar names 
, of plants, in our country^ are either the same with 
those which are given them in Sweden, or have a 
striking resemblance. Sometimes they seem merely 
to have passed from one species to another. This is 
the case here. The Sw. name of the Plantago media, 
or Hoary Plantain, is in pi. kaevipar, Linn. Flor. 
Suec. ; literally, warriors,* champions. V. Kemp. We 
learn from Kilian, that, in Holland, clover or trefoil 
is called kemj). Jleadow Cat's Tail, Phleum pratense, 
is in Sw. called ang-kampe,. q. the meadow*champion; 
and Phleum alpinum JiUeli-kampe, the chieftain of 
tlie fells ox. mountains; Linn. Flor. Suec. N. 56, 57. 

Kemp-seed, s. 1. A variation of the name givea 
to Bib-grass,. Ettr. For. 




2, The seeds of oats, when mdal Is made, or the 
reevngsodhe sieve, are called in pi. kemjy^aeeds, 
Kemp-stane, J. A stone placed as the bound- 
ary vhich has been reached by the first who 
hemps or strives at the, PutHnff-^tone, He who 
throws farthest beyond it is the victor ; Fife. 
V. Putting-stone. 
KEMSTOCK, s. A nautical term, used as if 
synon. with Capsiane. 

*' With this Panurge took two great cables of the 
ship^ and tied them to the Jcernsiock or capstane which 
was on the deck towards the hatches^ and fastened 
them in the ground/' &c. Urquh. Rab. B. ii. p. l64. 
To KEN, V. a. 1. To know, S.] Del what is 

given as sense 6. and Insert; 
6. To ken a widow to her terce^ to set apart her 
proportion of the lands which belonged to her 
deceased husband, to divide them between her 
and the heir ; a |^rase still used in our courts 
of law, S. 

*' The Schiref of the schire sould ken hir to hir 
thrid part thairof, be ane breif of divisioun> gif scho 
pleis to rais ony thairupon, or be ony uther way 
conform to the lawis of this realme." 1 7 Nov. 1 522. 
Balfour's Practicks^ p. 106. 

*' The widow has no right, of possession^ and so 
cannot receive the rents in virtue of her terce till 
she be served to it ; and in order lo this^ she must 
obtain a brief out of the chancery, directed to the 
Sheriff, who calls an inquest, to take proof that she 
was wife to the deceased ; and that the deceased died 
infefl in the subjects contained in the brief. The ser- 
vice or sentence of the Jury, finding these points 
proved, does, without the necessity of a retour to 
the chancery, entitle the wife to enter into the pos- 
session ;— but she can only possess with the heir 
pro indiviso, and so cannot remove tenants, till the 
Sheriff A:e«* her to her terce, or divides the lands be- 
tween her and the heir." Erskine's Princ. B. ii. Tit 9. 
sec. 29. 

This use of the term would seem to claim a Go- 
thic origin. Su.G. kaenna is used in various cognate 
senses ; as, cognoscere, sensu forensi. Kaenna malii, 
causani cognoscere. Also, attribuere ; Kaenna kongi 
baedi ar ac haUaeri ; Regi tarn felicem quam duram 
aiinonam assignare; Heims Kr. i.54. (Ed. Peringsk.) 
Kaenna aet sigj rem quandam sibi vindicare ; whence 
in the Laws of the Westrogoths sankaenna and raeU 
kaenna, rem quandam furto ablatam, ut vere suam, 
vindicare. Opposed to kaenna aet sig, is qfkaenno 
iin^, a phrase used when one appears in court and 
{jolemnly renounces his right to any heritable pro- 
perty. V. Ihre, vo. Kaenna, 
To Ken d one's sell^ to be aware, Aberd. 
Kkxxix, *. 1. Acquaintance.] Add; 
5. Ac kennin^ any thing so small as to be merely 
perceptible by the senses, S. 

I wonder now, sin' I'm in clatter- 
How ships can thro' the ocean squatter 

For siccen stuff. 
That ne'er maks fowk ae kennin better, 
W a' their buff. 

Picken's Poetns 1788, p. 63. 

6. Kenning be kenning^ according to a propor^ 

tional gradation, regulated by the terms of a 

former l)argain. 

" Gif the master of ane sliip hyris marineris—- to 
ony heavin or town, and it happin that the ship can 
find na fraucht to go quhair scho was frauchtit to, and 
£wa is constranit to go farder ;— -the wages of thame 
that wer hyrit upon the master's costis sould be aug- 
mentit, kenning he kenning, smd course be course, efter 
the rate of thair hyre, until thay cum to the port of 
discharge." Ship Lawis, Balfour's Pract. p. 616. 
KENDILLING, s. Perhaps cloth of Kendal in 


*' Ane coitt of grene kendilling,Biie galcoit." Aberd. 
Reg. V. 16. 

" Ane grene kendelying cloik." Ibid. 

*' Kelt, or kendall freese," is mentioned among the 
cloths imported; Rates, A. I6II. 

To KENDLE, v. n. To bring forth ; appUed to 

When* man as mad a kyng of a capped man. 
When mon is levere other mones thyng than is o wen. 
When londe thouys forest, ant forest ys felde. 
When hares kendles othe herstoti, &c. 

i. e. on the hearth-stone. 

Prophecy ascribed to Thomas ^ Ercildon, 
Maitland Poems, Introd. Ixxviii. 

Skinner gives E. kindle, parere, which he ob- 
serves, is used conkreming rabbits. In the book of 
St Albetis, the s, is applied to the feline race : *^ A 
kyndyll of yonge cattes." E. iiii. Of Hawkying, &c. 
" Kyndlyn or bringe forthe. Feto. Kyndlyd as in 
forthe bringinge of bestis. FetaXxLS,-^Kyndlinge or 
forthe bringinge of yonge bestis. Fetura. Kinlinge 
or yonge beest. Fetus." Prompt. Parv. 

Apparently from Germ* kind a child, whence kin* 
del-bier, " the feasting upon the christening of a 
child," kindeUtag, '* childermass-day ;" Ludwig. The 
radical word appears in A.S. cyn propago, or cenn^an 
parere, *' to bring forth or bear," Somner. Verste- 
gan observes ; " We yet say of certain beasts, that 
they have kailed, when they have brought forth their 
young. Vo. Acenued. Alem. chiud, soboles. Notker 
uses this term in the sense of foetus animalis, in re- 
lation to lambs. Bringent hno diu ckint dero uuidero, 
Afferte Domino filios arietum ; Psa. 28. i. 
To KENDLE, v. a. To kindle, S. 

*' Considdering— how diligent thair adversaries 
wilbe — to kendle and interteine factiounes," &c. Acts 
Cha. I. Ed. 1814, V. 318. 


This word undoubtedly signifies, moved or stir- 
red. Kenely kenered, q. " keenly excited himself;" 
from C.B. kynnhyrv-y, cynhyrv-u, to move, to stir j to 
raise, to trouble or disturb; Lhuyd and Owen. Co- 
nerde, however, occurs in Edit. 1822. 
KENGUDE, s. A lesson or caveat j warning got 

by experience ; as, " That '11 be a kengude to 

ye C q. that will teach you to know good from 

evil, Teviotd. 
KENYIE, s. PL ke7}yies^ *• fighting fellows;^ 

Gl. Aberd. 

Up the kirk-yard he fast did jee, 
I M'at he was na hoilie> 


K £ R 

And a' the kenjfies glowr'd to see 
A bonny kind of tulyie 
Atween them twa. 
Chritlmas Ba'ing, Skinner's Misc. Poet. p. ISl. 
This is substituted for Ahlachs, Ed. 1805. 
Allied perhaps to Su.G. koen^ kyn, ferox, audax. 
Ihre mentions Isl. kioen as having the same meanings 
and oktaen as signifying ignavus. Or shall we trace 
the term to Gael, ceannaich strife } 
KENLING, 8. Brood. 

" Fra the confortable signe of the croce contenit 
in the vi. Questioun following^ thai abhorre na les 
than dois the auld serpent^ and his poysonit kenling 
Juliane the Apostate did." N.Winyet's Quest. Keith's 
Hist- App. 246, N. 

It is evidently the same with Germ, kindlebi, a 
baby or young child. V. Kendle> t>. to bring forth. 

KENNAWH AT, s. A nondescript, S. ; from 

ktn to know, na, the negative, and what, 
KENNES, Kexs, s, pi. The same witli canis^ 
customs in kind. 

— " Fewmales, fermes, kenties, customes, annual 
rents/' &c. Acts Ja. VI. \6l2, Ed. 1814, p. 475. 

— " Approvis the signatour, &c. of the fewmail- 
les, fcwfermes, kennes, customes — fewfermes^ kens" 
&c. ActsCha.I.Ed. 1814,V.449. V. Cane,Kain, *. 
KENNET, s. Some kind of hunting dog. 

" Kennetis, hounds; perhaps a diminutive from 
Lat. cants" Gl. Sibb. 

I know not whence Sibb. has quoted. But tliis is 
an O.E. word. " Kenet, hounde.Repararius." Prompt. 
Parv. I have not met with either the E. or Lat word 
in any other dictionary. Kenct is evidently from 
O.Fr. chiennet, petit chien ; ckenet, en has Lat. die* 
netus ; Roquefort. 

KENS, pi. Duties paid in kind* V. Kennes. 
KENT, 9. 1. A long staff, &c.] Add; Hence, 
To Kent, v. a. To set or put a boat, by using 
a long pole, or henty South of S« 
'* They will row very slow', said the page, ' or kent 
where depth permits, to avoid noise." Abbot, iii. 261. 
2. " A tall person (^ Gall. Encycl. 
KENZIE, Kensie, s. 

Then Robene Roy begouth to revell. 

And Towsie to him drugged ; 
Let be, quo' Jock, and cawd him Jevel, 

And be the tail him tuggit. 
The kenzie clieked to a kevel 
•^ wots if thir twa luggit. . 

Christ's Kirky st. vii, 
Callender renders this, *' the angry man," from 
A.S. kene, kene wer, vir acer, iracundus. Anc. Scott. 
Poems, p. 1£7* As it is Roy, a highlander, who is 
called the kemie^ perhaps there is an allusion to his 
clanship in this term. It does not indeed bdong to 
the clan Macgregor, being the designation of that 
of the MackenzieSf or family of Kenneth. But it 
might be a sort of soubriquet, used in tjbe time of 
James L, for a clansman in general. 

I suspect that it is the same word, that occurs in 
the following passage : 

Curris, kefueis, and knavis, 
Inthrang and dansit in thravis. 

Colkelbie Sow, F. i. v. 302. 

The proper pronunciation appears to be Kenyie, 
q. V. 
KEOCH (gutt), 8. A wooded glen, Fife ; pro* 

nounced as a monosyllable, q. kyogh. 
To KEF, Kepp, v. a. 1. To catch, to intercept.] 

It often signifies to stop the progress of any ob* 
ject ; as, *^ Run and stop the road, kep that horse ;" 
** Stand ye there and Arep the sheep,I'll wear them;" S. 
8. To receive in the act of falling.] Insert, after 
proof from Descr. Alb. ; 
Infekit watter sowllit thame, cheik and chin : 
Persauing that, sorrow nuiir thay socht it, 
Bot keppii standfuHs at the sklatis thair in. 
Sege Edinh. Castd, Poems \6th Cent. p. 290. 

5. To meet accidentally, S. 

6. To Kep o^ to wara off. 

7. To THzvbackj to prevent from getting for- 
ward, S. 

8. To Kep in, to prevent from issuing out by 
guarding the passage, or rather by suddenly op- 
posing some barrier to what is issuing or endea- 
vouring to do so, S. 

9» To Kep out^ to prevent from entering by sud- 
denly m)posing some obstacle, S. 
The difference between the v. to kep and to wear 
consists in this : Wear denotes that the action is coiw. 
tinued for some time, and does not necessarily im- 
ply the least degree of difficulty or agitation ; where<«> 
as kep always signifies that the action is sudden, the 
opposition being quickly interposed, and generally, 
if not always, implies some degree of difficulty and 

10. To Kep up the hair, to bind up the hair, 
Meams, Lanarks. 

The Lord's Marie has kepp'd her locks 

Up wi' a gowden kame. 
And she's put on her net silk hose. 
An' awa' to the tryste has gane. 

Swig, The Lards Marie. 
Kepping-kaim, 8. The large comb used by wo- 
pien for tucking up the hair on the back part 
of the bead, ibid. 

It is sometimes called a buckling^kame. 
KER, C AE, o^/, 1- Left, applied to the hand.].^c^; 

2. Auk ward, Galloway. 

3. Wrong, in a moral sense, S.; like Lat^ and £« 

KERBIT, adj. Peevish, Mearns. 

It has been supposed that this may be a corr. of 
Crabbed^ Another might view it q. Care-bit, q. bitten 
by care* 
KEREFULL, s. As much a& fills a sledge or car. 

'•' That Michell M'Adam sail restore — for xij kere 
full of hay, vj." &c. Act. Dom. Cone. A . 1 405, p. 3^3. 
To KERF, V. a. To carve, Doug. Virg. 
KER-HANDIT, pari, adj. Left-handed, S. 

V. Car. 
KERNE, s. 1. A foot soldier,, armed with a dart 

or a shean.^ 
Then ne'er let the gentle Norman blude 
Grow cald for highland Kerne. 

Antiquary, iii. 324. 

K B T 

K E U 

It ia used in a similar sense bjE. writers in re- 
ference to the Irish. 
2. A vagabond or sturdy beggar, S. 

For the origin of the word> V. Galloglach. 
EERS9 Kebss, s. Low lan.d, adjacent to a river.] 

- Under Cause I have mentioned A.Bor. Carrey ^^a 
hollow place in which water stands," as probably a 
sjrnopyme. It is undoubtedly the same word that 
obcurs, under a different orthography^ in the most 
ancient specimen of English Lexiography. " Ker, 
where trees growe by water or fen. Cardetum. Ker 
for alders. Alnetum." Prompt. Parv. Cardetum is 
expl.^ Locus carduis plenus ; Du Cange. 
KERT, s. A seaman's chart. 

— Practing no thing expert 

In cunnyng cumpass nor kerl, — 

Cackelhie Sotv, F. i. v. 98. 

Teut. kaerte, id. 
To KERTH, ». n. Apparently, to make demon- 
strations, to assume a bold appearance. 

" Therfor since evening was approaching,-— wee 
could without being seen of them, or suffering our 
sogers to see them, put a great hill betwixt them and 
us, and let our horses be kerihing in their view, till 
the foot were marched an houre ; and then cdme off 
another way by help of guides wer there." Sir Pat. 
Hume's Narrative, p. 62. 

Allied perhaps to Fr. cartSe, a letter of defiance, a 
challenge. It may^ however^ be an error for keith, 
i. e* ki^the, show themselves. 
KERTIE, s. A species of louse. V. Kartie. 
KERVOUR, s. Carver. 

— '* Apprevis the gift maid vndcr our souerane 
lordis gret sele to Hary Stewart^ maister kervour to 
our souerane lord, of the office of directour of the 
chancellary," &c. Acts Ja. V. 1524, Ed. 1814, p. 
387 ; i. e. " principal carver." 
KEST, Kbist, pret v. 1. Threw J^ Add; 

" With these words the herald in Haddo's own 
face rive his arms, and keisl them over the scaffold." 
Spalding, ii. 219- 

4. Turned to a particular course or employment. 
^^ He heist himself to merchandice ;^ Reg. 

5. Gave a coat of lime or plaister, S. V. Cast, v,a^ 
To Kest, to cast ; Cumberland. 

KET, s. Carrion, &c.1 Add; 

It seems more nearly allied to Isl. kad foetus re- 
cens, faetuum infantia prima, item eorum imbecilli*^ 
tas et sordes. 
KET, Kett, s. a matted fleece, &c.] Add; 

C.B. caetk, bound, confined ; Ir. caileack a mat, 
caUi9i shag; Obrien. 
KteT, Kett, s, 1. The weed called quick grass, 

S.A.] Add; 

2. A spungy peat, composed of tough fibres of 
moss and other plants, Upp. Clydes., Dumfr. 

3. Exhausted land, what is reduced to a caput 
mortuum, Clydes. 

Ketty, ad;, 1. Matted, &c. S.A.] Add; 

2. Applied to peats of the description given above, 

Upp. Clyded. 
KET, adj. Iraficible, Galloway, Dumfr. 


Shall we view this as an oblique sense of Su.G. kaei 
lascivus, as animals when hot, are easily irritated ; 
or as allied to Isl. kit-a, kyU-az, litigare, altercari, 
whence Ari/iiig-r.contentio? Fenn. kyt-en is rendered, 
foveo in me ignem ; Juslen Lex. 

My worthy old friend. Sir Alexander Seaton df 
Preston, viewed this term as signifying tennis-play- 
ers.- Katch spiel, in Linlithgow, he observes, denotes 
the tennis-court. V. Cache-pole. 
KETHRES, 8. pi 

Dominus Duncanus de Carrie, A.D. 1225, grants 
certain privileges to the clergy of Carrick, and among 
these, '^ Corredium ad opus servientium suorum qui 
Kethres nuncupantur a clericis noki exiget memora« 
tis." Ecc. Glasg. Regist. Vet. f. 48. 

Gael, caihfir signifies warriors, ceatharh, a troop ; 
whence ceatkamach a soldier. V. Catheranes. 

^' The king ordered 6,000 footmen to meet him 
armed with a keton, a sallet and gloves of mayle.** 
Cox's Ireland, i. p. 100. 

This must certainly be viewed as an abbreviation 
of Fr. hoqueton, O. Fr. auqueton, a soldier's cassock. 


To KEUCHLE (gutt.), v. w. To cough, Upp. 

Keucule, S. a cough, the act of coughing, ibid. 
Formed as if a diminutive from Teut. kuch-en, 
Belg. kuchg-en, tussire. 

KEULIN,^. Perhaps thesamewithCa/^n,Aberd. 
But i' the mids o's windy tattle, 

A chiel came wi' a feugh, 
Box'd him on's arse wi' a bauld brattle. 
Till a' the keulins leugh 
At him that day. 
Skinner's Christm. Ba'ing, First Ed. st. 1 5. 
It may denote young people in general ; Su.G. 
kull, proles. 

To KEVE, V, a. V. Cave. 

Kevins, s,pl The refuse separated from grain, S. 

KEVEE. On the Jcevee^ possessing that flow of 

spirits that borders on derangement, having a 

Dee in one^s bonnet, Stirlings. 

Fr. etre sur le qui vive, to be on the alert. 
To KEVEL, V. n. To scold.] Add; 

Alain, hfffel-n, Isl. kyf^a, Su.G. kif-tva, kaehbl^a, 
rixari; Su.G. kif, strife. 
KEVEL, 8, A lot. V. Cavel. 
To KEVEL, V. a. To wield in an auk ward man- 
ner, Ettr. Fork 
KEVER, 8. A gentle breeze, so as to cause a 

slight motion of the water; a term used on the 

coast in the eastern part of Ayrshire. 

Perhaps a^ derivative from Ke^e, Cave, to toss ; q. 
what moves or tosses the b(>at. 
To KEUILL with^ to have intercourse with, 


^' I airghit at keuUlyng withe hirr in that thraward 
paughty moode." Hogg's Winter Tales, ii. 41. 

As keul signifies a lot, corrupted from cavU or kavil, 
the term seems to refer to the mode bf settling a mat* 
ter of dispute by lot. Teut. kaixt-^en, sortiri. 
KEUL, 8. A lot, Roxb. 

K. I F 

K Y L 

'' CaptUisy now commonly pronoiuced keult, loU." 
Q\. Sibb. V. Cavkl. 
KE W, s. Expl. " an overset,^ Ayre. ; probably 

denoting too much fatigue. 

Su.O. kufrv^a supprimere. 
KEWL, 9, One who ridesr a horse, that is not 

under proper command, with a halter, lyhen he 

brings the halter under the horse's jaws and 

makes it pass through his riiouth, is said to put 

a kercl on, Boxb. 

C.B. ckfvyl, a turn ; or corr. from E. coil 
KIBBLING,*. A cudgel. Gall. '* Kibbling, & 

rude stick or rung C Gall. Encycl. 

Gael, cuaill denotes a staff or pole. But this seems 
varied from what is perhaps the*oriein of Kibble, It 
is probably a dimin. from Cavel, Kavil, 6cc. a pole^ 
a long staff; Isl. kefli, baculus^ cylindrus; palanga. 
KICHE, *, Apparently q. kitchicj the name 

given to a kitchen^ S»B. 

'' Hes skaythit the kiche of the inland of the for- 
said land in the distroying, byming^ & away taking 
of the caberis^ treis^ & tiiaik [thatch^] of the said 
kicker Aberd. Reg. V. l6, p. 134, 135. 
Kicky, ad/, 2. High-minded.] Add; 

Lancash. " keck, to go pertly/' seems allied to Kicky 
in sense S. But I have remarked an IsL term whi<£ 
seems to g^ve a more natural etymon than that for« 
merly mentioned. This is keik^r, erectus animo et 
corpore, Haldorson ; analogous to Dan. kick, daring, 
hardy^ pert. G. Andr. raendons keik^est, retrorsum 
elatus ffector. 
KICK-UP, *. A tumult, an uproar, Roxb., A- 

berd.; from the vulvar phrase, to kick up adusU 

KID, Kaid, Ked,*. Thelouseof sheep, S.] Add; 

"Ticks or keds, the hippobosca ovina." Agr. Surv. 

Pecb. p. 891. 

Called also Sheepdaids in Clydesdale. 
KIDDET, part, adj. In a state of pregnancy, 

with child, Ayrs. 

This might seem allied to Kid, as denoting a spu- 
rious child. V. Kilting. But the term there used 
seems rather to contain an allusion to one who has 
stolen, and wishes to conceal, ayoung goat inher lap. 
This is most probably a word of great antiquity ; and 
may be allied to Moes.G. quitkus, Su.G. qi^ed, Alem. 
quUi, IsL qtvid-ur, uterus ; whence Isl. qwidog praeg- 
nans^ qtvid'O ventrem implere. It seems^ indeed^.to 
have a common origin with fCifte, the belly. It has, 
however, strong marks of affinity to the Welsh. For 
C.B. ci^d-io signifies coire, copulare ; and cyd coitus, 
copula, coi\}unctio. 
KIDDIE, a4/. Wanton, Aug.] u<ii; 

O.E. ki/de. ** Kifde or ioly. Jocundus. Vemosus. 
Hilaris." Prompt. Parv. 
KIDGIE, adf. Lovingly attached, Ayrs. ; the 

same with Caigie, Caidgy, <\, v. 
KIED,par^pa. Detected, discovered, Shetl. 

It seems a corr. of kythed, ({. made known. 
To KIFFLE, V, n. To cough from a tickling 

sensation in the throat, although not proceeding 

from cold, Roxb. 
KiFFLCi «. A troublesome or tickling cough^ 



KiFFLiK^-couGH, s. A slight oough, cftosed as 

above, ibid. 

This seems merely a variation of Kigkle, used to 
denote a ^ort tickling cough. Teut. iSch, spirandi 
difficultas, kich^en, difficulter spirare, leviter atque 
inaniter tussire. 
To KIGHLE (gutt.), v. n. To have a short 

tickling cough, S. ; the same with Kighy v* 
KiGHLE, s, A short tidcling cough, S. 
KIGHER, s. The same with Kigkle, Ang. 
KiGHER, KicKEK,^. Arestraiucd laugh, atitter, S. 
KYIS, pi. Cows. 

Preists, take na ki^is. 
The vmest claith ye sail quite claime ; 
Fra sax pure baimis with their dame, 
A vengeance on you cryis. 

Poems l6tk Cent, p. 183. 

This refers to the exactions of the priests, during 
Popery, after the death of the head of a family. 

This form of ^e word is anomalous. V. K y. 
Ky-hseo, s, a cow4ierd, Lanarks. 
To KILCH (hard), v.n. 1 . To throw up behind, 

applied to a horse, espe<xally when tickled on 

the croup, Roxb. 
S. To kUch up. A person, seating himself on one 

end of a board or form, when, by his weight, 

he suddenly raises up the other, is said to make 

it kilch up, ibid. 

Most probably from the v. to Kilt. 

KILCH, s. ** A side blow ; a catch ; a stroke got 

unawares;'' Gall. Encycl. 

Transposed perhaps from Teut. kliss-en, which sig- 
nifies bpth adhaerere, (the idea suggested by catck, 
whence Belg. kUssen, bur), and affligere. 
KILCHES, s, pi. The name given to tlie wide- 
mouthed trowsers or pantaloons worn by male 

children, Stirlings., Upp. Clydes» 

As this dress immediately succeeds the kilt, it 
might seem that the name had been formed from the 
latter term, as if softened from kilt^kose. Fr. ckausse, 
however, denoting breeches, may be the origin of the 
last syllable. But I can scarcely view it as composed 
from two languages. Hauli de ckausse is a Fr. phrase 
for breeches; and calsons for short and close breeches 
of linen. 
KYLE, s. A sound, a strait, S.] Add; 

''After the battle of Largs, in 1203, in which the 
invading army of Haco, king of Norway, was de- 
feated ; — ^the king was overtaken in the narrow pas- 
sage which divides the island of Skye from the coasts 
of Inverness and Ross, and, along with many of his 
followers, he himself was killed, in attempting his 
escape through the channeldlvidingSkye from Loch- 
alsh. These straits, or kyles, bear to this day appella* 
tions, commemorating the events by which they were 
thus distinguished, the former being called ^/e/^Aee, 
or the Kings Kyle, and the latter Kyle Haken." Min« 
strelsy Border, iii; 371* A<id to etymon ; 

Belg. kil, a channel, de kil eener riviere, the channel 
of a river ; Sewel. Teut. kille, kiel, kiele, locus in li- 
tore sinuosus, sinus; Kilian. Sw. kU, sinus; Seren. 
KILE, Kyle, 9. A chance.] Add^ before the 

second quotation ; 

K I L 

K 1 L 

Hence the proverbial phrase^ Kyk about, an equal 
chance ; or, one good deed for another^ S.B. 

KYLE OF HAY, a hay-cock, the small heap into 
which hay is at first gathered when it is raked 
from the ground. South of S. ; CoB^ Ang. 
This has been deduced fromFr. ciieUUir, to gather. 
To Kyle, to Kyle hay, to put it into cocks, ib.l 
KILL, s. A kiln, S. 

Than he bear kendling to the kill. 
But scho start all up in a low. 

Wife of Auchtertnuchiy, Bonn, Poems, p. .2 1 8. 

The £. word kiln retains the A.S. form of cylne, 
which seems an abbrev. of cylene, id. Kill, however, 
had also been used in O.E. ; as Somner renders the 
A.S. word, " a kill or kilne" But I do not observe 
a single cognate term in A.S. ; and am therefore in- 
clined to give considerable weight to what is said by 
Ihre concerning the Su.G. 83mon. Koelna, also under 
Kol. He remarks that Su.G. kyll^ signifies to kindle 
a fire, ignem accendere, also written quUl^a ; and in 
West- Gothland kylle denotes dry wood, ligna arida, 
quae ignem citius arripiunt. He views Lat. coHna, or 
culina, as originally the same with Su.G. koelna, a 
kill ; observing, that this term did not properly de- 
note a kitchen, or place for cooking, but according to 
Nonius, p. 1248, a place, ubi largior ignis colitur. 

C.B. cylyn signifies a kiln, or furnace. This Owen 
traces to cyl, used in the same sense. But he gives as 
its primary meaning ; " What surrounds, incloses, 
or hems in." 

Under the word Kol, Ihre mentions a phrase used 
by the ancient Icelanders, which I would have quot- 
ed in illustrating the S. phrase, A cauldcoalfo blow, 
had I observed it sooner. This is, Brenna at koldum 
kolum, incendio penitus delere, ut nil supersit prae- 
ter carbones ; Ol. Tryggv. S, It seems literally to 
signify " to burn to a cauld coal." V. Cauld coal, 
under Cald, adj, 

KILL, s, 1. The kilTs onjire^ a phrase used to 
denote any great tumult or combustion, S. 

2. To Fire the Kill^ to raise a combustion, &c.] 

" The kiln's onjire, the kill's onjire, 
The kiln's onjire, she's a' in a lowe. 

"He was pleased to inform me, — that theHielands 
were clean broken out every man o* them." Rob Roy, 
iii. 271. 

The same idea is also thus expressed. The kiln was 
in a bleeze, S.; i. e. every thing was in a state of com- 

" Sae then the kiln was in a bleeze again, and they 
brought us a' three on wi' them to mak us an ex- 
ample as they ca't." Tales of my Landlord, iii.l2. 

3. To Set the Kill onjire, &c. 

— '* Confound him,* said Montrose,—' he has con- 
trived to set the kill on Jire as fast as I put it out " 
Leg. Montr. Tales, Sd Ser. iv. 262. 

To Set the Kill a-low, is used in the same sense, S. 

'' The Captain's a queer hand, and to speak to him 
about that or any thing else that crosses the mag- 
got, wad be to set the kiln a^low" Heart Mid Lo&. 
iv. 179, 180. 
KiLL-FUDDiE, s. The aperture by which the fuel 

is put into the kiln, Mearns. 


This is difib*ent from the KiUogie, as the kUUfud" 
die is in the interior part of the killogie, immediately 
forming the month of the kilL 

Fuddie may be allied toTeut voecl-en, vue<i-en,alere, 
nutrire, q. the place by which the kiln is fed or sup- 
plied. IsLjiid^r, however, signifies calor, heat ; and 
Gae\,Jod,J{nd, a turf, a peat. 
KiLL-LOGiE, EiLN-LOGiE, s. A vacuity before 

the fire-place in a kiln, S. 

'' This night he was laid in the kiln-logie, having 
Leonard Leslie—upon the one arm, and a strong 
liramar called M'Griman on the other." Spalding's 
Troubles, i. 38. 
Killman, s. The man who has the charge of the 

kia, S. 

'* Killman, the man who attends to the kiln in a 
mill." Gall. Encycl. 
Kill-meat, s, A perquisite or small proportion 

of the shilling ov sheetings of a mill, which falls 

to the share of the under-miller, Roxb. 
KiLK-uoGiE, s. Shetl., the same with S. Killogie. 
KILL OF a STACK> s. The opening to that 

vacuity which is left in a stack of corn or hay, 

for the admission of air, in order to prevent its 

being heated, Roxb. 

Probably from its resemblance to the opening in 
a kiln for drying grain. Teut kuyl, however, signi- 
fies fovea, fodina, specus ; viewed as allied to Greek 
itdFA-df, hollow. Germ, kule, foramen in terra. Belg. 
kuyl is expl. by Sewel *'a hole, cave, den, pit;" Su.G. 
knla antrum, specus. These terms must, I think, be 
viewed as originally the same with Ir. and Gael, ct//, 
ceill, ceall, a cell or hermit's cave i Lat celUa ; and 
C.B. ail, a recess, a comer. 
KILL-COW, s. A matter of consequence, a se. 

rious affair ; as, ^^ Ye needna mind, I^m sure if s 

nae sic great kiU-cow ;" Teviotd. 

In reference, most probably, to a blow that is suf- 
ficient to knock down or kill a cow. 
KILLICK,*. 1. « The flue of an anchor ^ Gall. 

Encycl. This must denote the flook. 
2. *' The mouth of a pick-axe ;^ ibid. 

Allied perhaps to Isl. hUck-r curvamen, aduncitas; 
q. Cleikt S. 

KILLIE, s. 1. An instrument of amusement for 
children. A plank or beam is placed on a wall, 
so that one end projects a good way farther than 
the other. A child then places himself upon the 
long endjwhile two or three press down the short 
cno, so as to cause him to mount, Roxb. 

2. An act of amusement in this way, ibid. 

To KiLLiE, v.a. To raise one aloft in the man- 
ner above described, ibid. 

KiLLicoup, s. A somerset, Roxb. ; from iillie^ ex- 
plained above, and coup^ a fall. 
" That gang tried to keep vilentleasehaud o' your 

ain fields, an' your ain ha'^ till ye gae them a AreV//- 

coup." Brownie of Bodsbeek, i. 286. 

There is an Isl. term, whicli resembles this in its 

formation and sense ; Kyllijlat-r, ad fundum pros- 


KILLIEMAHOU, s. An uproar, a confusion, 
Ettr. For, 

1L I h 

K I L 

KILLYVIE, 8. A state of great alertness or ex- 
citement, West of S. 

" Since they were on the kilb/vie to sec the King^ 
a pound or two> mcve or less, a hundred years hence, 
would never be missed. " Bl. Mag. Sept. 1 822, p.3 1 5. 
Fr. qui vive ? De quel parte etes-vous ? Dict.Trev. 
Perhaps q« Qui Id vtve, who lives there ? 
KILLY-WIMPLE, «. A gewgaw, a fictitious 
ornament ; as, She has o'er mofty kUhf-ioifnpks 
in her singing ; she sings with too many qua- 
vers and affected decorations ; Loth. 
KILLMOULIS, *. The name ^ven in Roxb. to 
a hobgoblin represented ashavingno mouth. He 
is celebrated in some old traditionary rhymes. 
Auld Kilmoulis, wanting the mow. 
Come to me ye now, &c 
C.B. gwyll, a goblin. The latter part of the designa* 
tion seems to be mowless, i. e. without a mouth. 
To KILLOGUE, v. n. To hold secret and close 
conference together, as apparently laying a plot ; 
synon. with Cognosty Clydes. 
This seems merely a corr. of the obsolete E. v. to 
Colleague, still used in the sense given above. John-* 
son seems to view this v. as formed from Lat. coUega, 
But the origin rather s.eems to be co2%-ar«,tobe con- 
federate. KUhgue may, however, be corr. from the 
low E. v. to coUoque, to wheedle, to decoy with fair 
words ; deduced from Lat. colloquor. 

KILLRAVAGE, s, Expl. « a mob of disor- 
derly persons ;'' Gall. Encycl. V. Gileavage. 
KILMARNOCK WHITTLE, a cant ohrase 
used for a person of either sex who is already 
engaged or betrothed, Roxb. 
KYLOE, s, 1, The designation given to an in- 
dividuflJ of the small black cattle brought from 
the Island of Sky, S. 

" Would it not be a subject of regret, that the beau- 
tiful varieties of Kyloes, such as are bred in Sky, and 
the fine cattle of Argyleshire, should disappear in the 
English markets .^^ Essays Hi^hl. Soc. iii. 548. 
5!. Applied to Highland cattle withoutdistinction,S* 
'^ We may suppose these to have been ki^loes or 
highland cattle, as Cardrbs was at the entrance into 
the west highlands." Kerr's Hist. Rob. I. vol* ii. 497. 
" Killancureit talked in a steady unalterable dull 
key, of top-dressing and bottom^dressing, and year- 
olds, and gimmers, and dinmonts, and stots, and runts, 
and kyloes, and a proposed turnpike." Waverley, i, 

I have at times thought that the term might be 
traced to GaeL coUach, " a fat heifer," Shaw, Some 
might object to this, indeed^ that tlie quality speci- 
fied is seldom to be found in cattle of any kind, as 
imported from the Highlands. Armor, keul, and Com. 
kehtey denote a cow with calf, and Ir. coUaid, a hei- 
fer of two years. But perhaps these cattle have ori- 
ginally been denominated fVom their passage across 
the Kyle, or strait, which separates Sky from the 
main land, or the coast of Glenelg; especially by re** 
son of the mode of transportation " over this sound,'* 
where the velocity of the current is said to be equal 
to nine knots an hour. " The black cattle from Sky, 
and part of the Long Island, are made to swim; and 
though the current is so very strong, yet very few 


accidents happen." Stat Aec. xvL 270. Thus they 

are said to be " ferried over the Kyle." Index, vol. 

xxi. vo. Cattle. 

Kyloe, adf. Of or belonging to the description 
of cattle called Tcyloes ; as, " a kyhe ooyr^"^ a 
highland cow of a small size ; ^^ a kyloe stot,^ a 
bullock of this description ; ^^hyhe beef,^ &c. S. 

To KILSH, V. a. To push, Dumfr. Hence, 

KiLSH, 8. A push, ibid. 

Perhaps of Welsh origin ; C.B. cilgnth signifies a 

push, cilgfvth'-iaw, to drive back, to repulse. 

KILT, Kelt, s, A loose dress, fee] Add; 

As the Goth, term denotes that part of the gown 
which is above the girdle, it deserves remark, that, 
among the Highlanders, the HU seems to have been 
originally formed by folding and girding up the lower 
part of the mantle or plaid. 

It has also been written Ciuelt. 

" Those among them who travel on foot, and have 
not attendants to carry them over the waters — vary 
it Qthe Trouse] into the Quelt, which is a manner I 
am about describe. 

— »" A small part of the plaid— is set in folds and 
girt round the waist to make of it a short petticoat, 
that reaches half way down the thigh, ana the rest 
is brought over the shoulders, and then fastened be- 
fore, below the neck^ often with a fork, and some- 
times with a bodkin, or sharpened piece of stick." 
Letters from a Gentleman in the N. of S. ii. 184--5* 
Kilted, part, adf. Dressed in a kilt, as distin- 

guishea from one who wears breeches, S. 

'^ The shepherd^— received from the hands of some 
kilted menial, his goan and his cake." Blackw. Mag. 
July 1820, p. 875. 

Kiltie, s. One who is dressed in a kili, Clydes. 
To Kilt, v. a. 2. To elevate or lift up any thing 

quickly, Ang."| Add ; Aberd. 

She has na play'd wi' me sic pranks. 
As raise me up just wi' a bla' 
Syne wi' a vengeance lat me fa'. 
As many ane she's kiltet up. 
Syne set them fairly on their doup. 

Cock^s Simple Strains, p. 69. 
8. To kiU awd wF^ also to kilt out o\ to carry off 

quickly. South of S.; apparently an oblique use 

of the V. as signifying to truss, as it is said to 
' pack off with a thing. 

^* He's a clever fallow, indeed ! maun kUt ana* fvi 
ae bonnie lass in the morning, and another at night, 
less wadna serve him ! but if he doesna kilt himself 
out o* the country, I'se hU him wi' a tow." Tales of 
my Landlcnrd, 1st Ser. i. 341. 

In the last phrase, the v. is evidently used in sense 2 . 

Hence, as would seem. 
Kilt, s. 1. The slope of a stone, especially in the 

erection of a Staircase; a term in masonry, Loth. 
- Dan. MUe, a taking in. 
S« Applied, 111 a figurative sense, to an unnatural 

or ungraceful elevation of the voice in music. 

To KILT, V. a. To overturn, to upset, Roxb* 
Kilt, 8. An overturn, the act of overturning, ib. 

As the V. to Kilt signifies '' to lifl up any thing 
quickly^" this seems merely an oblique use of it nearly 



in the same sense ; as suggesting the idea of aat ob« 
ject being suddenly lifted up in the act of overturning* 
To Kilt oV, v. a. To turn over, rather by slight 

than by strength ; as, *^ See gin ye can kiU tnat 

stane o*ery'*^ South of S. 

It is synon. ivith Cant, Cant o^r ; apparently im- 
plying that the help of an angle is taken in the ope- 
ration^ if it can be had. 
KILT, s. The proper mode of management. Gall. 

" Kilt, proper mettiod^ right way. — We say of such 
a one that is not properly up to his trade> that he ha^ 
not the kilt of it^ and of those who well understand 
what they are doing, that they have the kill oX" 
Gall. Encycl. 

Macta^art seems disposed to view this as a secon- 
dary sense of kill, a loose garment; as used in regard 
to tiiose who were, or were not> of the same clan. It 
would have been preferable^ surely, to have referred 
to. the cognate v., signifying to tuck up, to truss ; as 
intimating that one was either qualified to do a thing 
neatly, or the reverse. But it rather seems allied to 
Kilt, as signifying to turn a thing quickly over, by 
first setting it on its end or on a corner. 
KILT£R, s. Cheer, entertainment.] Add; 

" A-Bor, keller, frame, qrder^ condition." Gl. Grose. 
KILTIE, s. Expl. " a spawned salmon C Gall. 
. EncycL T^is must signify, one that haa been 

spawning. V. Kelt, id. 
KIM, adf. 1. Keen, spirited, Aberd.^ Mearns. 
And ne'er shall we a better story hear^ 
Xhan that kirn banter with the brigs of Ayr. 

W. B^atUe's Tales, p. 47. 
8. Spruce, Aberd. 

Isl. kim-a deridere ; kiminn derisor, kimbi subsan- 
nator, kimhing }oc}X8 invectivus, Haldorsoii. Eg kyme 
jocor, fi^cetias fundo, kyme facetus jocus, kiminn fa- 
cetus, kymeleg-r. jocularis^ G.ABdr. The latter ren- 
ders the eognate termi» in a more i&vourable sense 
than the former. It is probable, that our adj. had 
been originally applied to mere jocularity^ It is not 
used in the sense of bantering or derision. 
KIMMER, s. 1. A gossip. Y. Cummer. 
2. Used as denoting a married woman, Gall. 

" dimmer, a gude-wife ;" Gall. Encycl. 
To KiMMEB^ V. n. 1. To^ssip, or to meet for 

gossiping, South of S. 
At times when auld wives kimmer thrang^ 
And tongues at random gUbly gang. 
Oft hae I seen thee bide the bang 
Of a' was there :— 
Address to Tobjocco, A. Scott's Poems, p. 31. 
S. To bring forth a child, Lanarks. ; a ludicrous 


This might seem to be corr, from Belg. kinder^en, 
^' to be in child-beaiing," Sewel. But perhaps it is 
rather from O.Fr. commer^sr, " to gossip it, to play 
the gossip," Cotgr. ; as originally denoting the assis- 
tance given to a woman in childbed ; as Cummer, or 
Kimmer, not only denotes a gossip in general, but in 
Shetl. a midwife. 
KiMMEBiN, 8. An entertainment at the birth of 

a child. Gall. 

•' Kimmerins, the feasts at births. These the Kiiin- 
raers, or gude-wives, have to themselves ; no men 
are allowed to partake along with themi"Gali.Encycl. 


KIMMEN, Kymmond, s. 1. A milk-p^^ S.O. 

2. A large shallow tub used in brew-houses; Upp. 

** Ane quheill, ane gryte kymmond;" Aberd. Reg. 
A. 1588, V. 16. 

3. A small tub, Angus. - 

Gael, cuman, "a. skimmer^ a sort of dish, a pail;** 
Shaw. C.B. cftnnan, " a large wooden vessel, a tub; 
a kive, or brewing tub ;" Owen. 

A.Bor. Kimlin may perhaps be viewed as a dimin. 
from these. Both ^t and Kimn^l denote " a powder- 
ing-tub. North." Grose. 
KIN> s. Kind, S. Ony kyne,'\ Insert ; 
Than, bwt ony kyne remede 
Thir myis pwt this. Lord to dede. 

Wyntonn, vi. 14> 118.. 
Folow, in-til successyown 
In onti kifne lyne down cummand. 

Ibid, viii. 4, 23. 
It has been elsewhere observed that diminutives 
arp formed by the addition of k, V. the letter K. 
But it se^ms to have been rather overlooked, that 
not merely k and ke are used ais marks of diminution, 
but ken, or kin. Thus we have £. mannikin, *' a lit- 
tle man, a dwarf;" which Johns, erroneously derives 
from man, and klein little ; ^' tambkin, a little lamb ; 
pipkin, a small earthen boiler ; kilderkin, a small bar- 
rel ;" which he still more strangely deduces from 
Belg, kindekin, ^' a baby," instead of deriving it from 
the word of the same forita signifying a small vessel. 
The TeUI., indeed, points out the true origin of 
thiS' termination ; for it frequently occurs in this lan- 
guage ; as in kinneken, parvum mentum, a little chin, 
from kinne mentum; kistken, a little chest, from 
kisle cista ; kuUeken tuguriolum, from hutte taguiium, 
&c. &c. Belg. kindeken, a little child, from kind, kinde 
a child. I am satisfied, that this diminutive lias had 
its origin from kind, or the cogiikte terms in other dia- 
l^cts^ denoting a child. Thus £. mannikin is merely 
a chUd'man, i. e. a dwarf; kindeken, a chUdnchild, or 
a little child ; a lambkin, a lamb in its earliest stage. 
This word, as denoting a child, must be viewed as 
originally the same with that which, signifies genus 
or kind^ as well as with kin, kin(b*ed. Thus, A.S. 
cy,n or cynn signifies not only semen^ progenies, but 
cognatio, and also genus. Su.G. koen, anciently kyn, 
signifies generatio, cognatio, and genus ; IsL kyn ge- 
nus, gens, familia, kynd soboles ; Alem. chind, kind, 
chunn, chunne, kunni, filius, infans, puer ; semen, ge- 
nus, familia. Germ, kind proles, foetus animalis ; 
kunn, genus^ gen^atio, cognatio; Moes.G.tongenus^ 

Nor is it surprising^ that the same term should ori- 
ginally denote children or relations, and kind. For 
what is kind, as predicated of any animal, but the 
closeness of its relation to others thatpossessthe same 
distinguishing qualities^ or to those that are of one 
bloAd, originally sprung from one stock? Even as 
eXptended to vegetables^ it denq^&that affinity which 
proceeds from the same seed^ Thus it is said; ** The 
earth brought forth grass, h^rb yielding seed after his 
kind, and the fruitrtree yielding fruit after his kind, 
whose seed is in itself." Gen. u 12. Seo eorthefor^ 
thateah gronende tvirte []wort] attd saed berende be 
hire cinne. andtreow-^gehwllQ saed haebbendcaejter his 
biwe; A.S. Vers. 

K. I N 


From the affinity which can be distinctly traced 
in some languages or dialects, we may venture to 
conclude that all the terms of this form, denoting 
both relation by blood, and by kind, have originated 
from verbs expressive of generation or birth. A.S. 

2fn is undoubtedly from cenn^an parere, pkrturire ; 
so generare ; Germ, kind and kunn are both from 
kenn^en parere, gignere. Gr. yhf progenies, famiUa, 
also genus, as opposed to species, is from yfyv^^ gene- 
ro, progigno, or ym/M^i, yfyfofim, nascor, gignor. As 
the same A.S. v, which signifies to beget, also signi« 
fies to know ; besides the verbal resemblance be- 
tween yiftfiM and ytfanrKii, ytyfttnu*, to know, it de- 
serves observation, that one of its oblique senses is, 
coeo cum aliqua, a sense of the term know retained 
in E. I need scarcely add, that Lat. genus, as it has 
all the three senses of kindred, offspring, and kind, 
is evidently formed from the obsolete v. gen-o, whence 
genui, id., I begot, andgf^^io, retaining the significa^ 
tion of the ancient verb. 
KiNBOT, **. The reparation to be made for the 

sudden slaughter of a relative, &c.] Add; 

Besides the compensation in money or goods, 
required by the kindred of one who had been slain, 
(V. Cro), a sort of public penance was at least occa- 
sionally demanded of those who had been concerned 
in the slaughter. We have an interesting account of 
this ceremony, in one of our old Acts. It respects 
the slaughter of John the Bruce of Airth, by Wil- 
liam of Menteith, of the Carss, Knycht, his brothers 
Archibald and Alexander, and kindred. 

"It is appointit, aggreit, &c. anent theded [^death]] 
& slauchter of vmquhile Johne the Broiss, faider to 
the said Robert, & for «nieiidx%,kynhiUe, & frendschip 
to be & stand betuix the saidis pardis in tymetocum, 
in maner as folowis. In the first, the said Archibald 
Menteth & sa mony personis as ar now one lif, & 
present in this toune [^Edinburgh^, that were com- 
mittaris of the said slauchter, sail apoun Twisday the 
XX day of the said monethe now instant cum to the 
merkat corss of Edinburgh in thair lyning pinen^ 
claithis, with ber p)are]] swerdis in thair handis, & 
ask the said Robert & his frendis forgeuance of the 
deth of the said Johne, as the maner is vsit tharof, 
& to remitt to thaim the rancour of thair hartis ; & 
sail for the saule of the said Johne seik or ger seik 
the four bed [jprincipal^ pilgramage of ScoUand, & 
thare say mess for the saule : and forther, the said 
Robert the Broiss sail within xx dais nixt tocum 
enter ane prest to signe Csing^ in the kirk oi Arth 
for the space of twa yeris, the said Robert payand 
the tanhalf of his fee, & the said Archibald of Men- 
teth the tother half; the quhilkis twa yeris beand 
past, the said Rob' sail ger ane prest signe in the sa- 
myn kirk for the said saule.'' Act. Dom. Cone. A. 
1490, p. 153. 

This is also written kynhule. 

*' That Walter Blare sail— pay to Robert of Car*. 
gill — ^xxv mercis, for the quhilk he is bundin to the 
said Walter be ane obligacioune schewin—- before the 
lordis for a ki/nbide : — alss for xx merkis that the said 
Robert pait to a preist that sange for the man that 
was slayne." Act Dom. Cone A. 1478, p. 9* 
KINCHIN, s. A child in cant lan^age. 

This is one of the very few terms of this descrip* 
Vol. IL 17 

tion that can be traced. It is undoubtedly a corrup- 
tion of Belg. kindeken, a little child, a diminutive from 
kind a child. 
KiNCHiN-MOBT, J. A young girl educated in 

thieving ; a cant term. V. Grose^s Class. Diet. 

'^ The times are sair altered since I was a kinchin 
mort." Guy Mannering, ii. 97. 

Kinchin'morts is also expl. '^beggars' children car- 
ried at their mothers' backs in sheets;" Grose. From 
kinchin a child, andmor^ a woman, i. e. a female child. 

KIND, s, Noi their kind, not belonging to them ; 

or, not proper or natural for them. 

'* They tooK one of the town's colours of Aber- 
deen, and gave it to the town of Aberbrothock's sol- 
diers, because they had none of their own, and whilk 
was not their kind to carry." Spalding, i. l63. 

This singular mode of expression is an A.S. idiom. 
For cyn propago, also indoles, has a similar applica* 
tion, as signifying, oongruus, condignus : Swylc cyn 
sy : sicttt congruum sit ; Leg. Inae 42. Stoa cyn 
woes ; uti condignum fuit ; Boet. 35. 4. Gecynd is 
synon., being used as an adj. in the sense of naturalis, 

KIND GALLOWS, a deagnation given to the 

fatal tree at Crieff. 

** Kindgallofvs. The gallows at Crieff was so called, 
but why we know not.— It stood till within the last 
twenty years, and was jocularly said to be greeted 
by the Highlanders as the place 'where her nainsell's 
father and mother died, and where she hoped to die 
hersell." GL Antiquary, iii. S65, 

I can conceive no reason for this singular designa- 
tion, unless we should suppose that the good people 
of that district, from a certain degree of conscious* 
ness, wished as far as possible to bespeak the favour 
of this rough friend, in the same manner as they 
were wont to protect themselves against injury from 
fairies and witches by calling them good neighbours, 
Kyndlie Rowme, or Possession, the land held 

in lease by a Kindltf Tenant, V. Kyndlie 


-— '' His kin and friends of Clanchattan-^began to 
call to mind how James earl of Murray, their mas- 
ter, had casten them out of their kindlj^ possessions, 
whilk past memory of man their predecessors and 
they had kept for small duty, but for their faithful 
service, and planted in their places, for payment of 
a greater duty, a number of strangers and feeble per- 
sons, unhabile to serve the earl their master, as they 
could have done, by which means these gentlemen 
were brought through necessity to great misery," &c, 
Spalding's Troubles, i. 3. 

-»'' Hir hienes with auise of the thre estatis in this 
present parliament hes statute and ordanit, that na 
kyndlie, lauchfull, possessour, tennent or occupy ar of 
ony of the saidis kirk landis be removit fra thair 
kyndelie rowme, steiding or possessioun be the allegeit 
fewaris or takaris of the samin in lang takkis," &c. 
Acts Mary 1563, c 12, Ed 1566. 
KiNDLiE, s, A man is smd to have a kindlie to a 

fann,or possession, which his ancestors have held, 

and which he has himself long tenanted, S.O. 
Sixty or seventy years ago, if one took a farm over 
the head ef another who was said to have a kindlie to 




ity It was reckoned as unjust as if he had been the 
real proprietor. 

Kyndlie tennents, a designation given to those 
tenants, whose ancestors have long resided on the 
same lands, S. 

" Some people think that the easy leases granted 
by the kirk-raen to the kindly termants, (i. e. such as 
possessed their rooms for an undetermined space of 
time, provided they still paid the rents), is the rea- 
son that the kirk-lands throughout the kingdom were 
generally the best grounds." Keith's Hist. p. 521, N. 
Kyndnes, s. Apparently, the right on which a 
man claimed to retain a farm in consequence of 
long possession ; the same with Kindlie. 
— " To vesie and considder the infeflment & con- 
fii*raatioun to be past to the said erll of the saidis 
landis, and or thai pass the samin to sie that the saidis 
kyndlie tennentis be satisfeit for thair kyndnes ; and 
quhill the samin be done dischargis," &c. Acts Ja. 
VI. 1578, Ed. 1814, p. 112. 
KINDNESS, s. The name given to a disease 
which prevailed in Scotland, A. 1580. 
" Upon the 25th of June, being Saturday, betwixt 
three o'clock afternoon and Sunday's night thereafter, 
there blew such a vehement tempest of wind, that it 
was thought to be the cause that a great many of the 
inhabitants of Edinburgh contracted a strange sick- 
ness, which was called Kindness : It fell out in tlie 
court as well as sundry parts of the country, so that 
some people who were corpulent and aged deceased 
very suddenly. It continued with every one that 
took it, three days at least" Moyes' Mem. p. 43. 

The only conjecture I can form as to this name, 
which appears so ludicrous as given to a disease, is 
that it may have been the vulgar corruption of the 
technical term for a tumid inflammation in the throat, 
squinanctfy (now quinsy), or perhaps rather of Fr. 
squinance, id. 

KINGLE-KANGLE, s. Loud, confused, and 
. ill-natured talk, Fife ; a reduplicative term 

formed from Cangle^ q. v. 
KING-CUP, 8. The common species of Meadow- 
ranunculus, Loth. 

" She thought she wad be often thinking on the 
bonny spots of turf, sae fu* of go wans and king^cups, 
among the Craigs at St. Leonards." Heart M. Loth, 
iv. 102. 

KING OF CANTLAND, a game of children, 
in which one of a company being chosen King 
d" Caniland^ and two goals appointed at a con- 
siderable distance from each other, all the rest 
endeavour to run from the one goal to the other; 
and those, whom the king can seize in their 
course, so as to lay his hand upon their heads, 
(which operation is called winnijig them), be- 
come his subjects, and assist him in catching 
the reminder, Dumfr. This play, in Roxb., 
is called King's Covenanter. 
This game is in Galloway, denominated King and 
Queen of Cantelon, '' Two of the swiftest of 
the boys are placed between two doons. All the 
other boys stand in one of these doofis, when 
the two fleet youths come forward, and address 
them with this rhyme—- 


King and Queen o' Cantthm, 
How mony mile to Babylon ? 
' Six or seven^ or a lang eighty 
Try to win there by candle-light' 

'' When out, they run in hopes to get to Babylon^ 
or the other doon ; but many of them get not near 
that place before they are caught by the runners.** 
Gall. Encycl. 

A conjecture is thrown out^ that thiis game con- 
tains an allusion to ''the time of the Crusades." This 
is founded on the mention of Babylon. Cantelon is 
fancifully supposed to be changed from Caledon. 

As Teut karit signifies margo^ ora, could this play 
be meant to represent the contentions about the Z)e- 
hateahle Lands on the border ? Or^ as it is the same 
game which is otherwise called King's Covenanter, 
shall we view it as a designation invented by the 
Tories, to ridicule the cant which they ascribed to 
the adherents of the Covenant ? 

KING^S CLAVER, s. Melilot, an herb ; Meli- 
lotus officinalis, Linn. ; synon. WhuttlegrasSj 
Called claver, or clover, as being a species of Tre- 


KING'S COVENANTER, a game of children, 

Roxb., Loth. 

One takes possession of the middle of a street or 
lane, and endeavours to catch those who cross over 
within a given distance ; and the captive replaces 
the captor, as in Wdlic-JVaslle* ^'King's Covenanter, 
come if ye dare venture," is the cry made. 

This game has had its origin, it would seem, dur- 
ing the troubles under Charles I. 

KING'S CUSHION, a seat formed by two per- 
sons, each of whom grasps the wrist of his left 
hand with the right, while he lays hold of the 
right wrist of his companion with his left hand, 
and vice versa^ Loth. 
This is properly a sort of play among children, 

who while carrying one in this manner, repeat the 

following rhyme ; 

Lend me a pin to stick i* my thumb. 
To carry the lady to London town. 
It is, however, oflen used as a substitute for a 

chair in conveying adult persons from one place to 

another, especially when infirm. In other counties, 

as in Fife, it is called Queen's Cushion, and Queen 

Chair; in Loth, also Cat's carriage. 

" He QPorteous] was now mounted on the hands 

of two of the rioters, clasped together so as to form 

what is called in Scotland the King's Cushion." Heart 

M. Loth. i. 168. 

KING'S ELLWAND,the constellation properly 
called Orion's Girdle, Roxb., Clydes. 
" Yonder the king's ellwand already begun to bore 

the hill ; ay, there's ane o' the goud knobs out o' 

sight already." Perils of Man, i. 26l . 

KING'S HOOD, KiNG-HooD, s. 1. The second 

of the foiu: stomachs, &c.] Add ; 
2. It is used to denote the great gut, Gall. 
-^Right o'er the steep he leans. 
When his welUplenish'tl king-kood voiding needs. 

Davidson's Seasons, p. 3. 
This is a Teut. designation. Koningkshoqfd, ven- 



tricult bubuli pars posterior ; Kilian. This literally 

signifies^ '^ the king's head." 

KING'S KEYS. V. Keys. 

To KINK, V. n. 1. To labour for breath.] Add; 

5. To puke; an oblique sense of the term, as in 

the chin-cough what is called the kink often 

produces vomiting ; Dumfir. 

Now, Gibby coost ae look behin', 

Wi' eyes wi' fainness blinkin. 
To spae the weather by the sin. 
But couldna stan' for kinkin 
Rainbows, that day. 

Davidson's Seasons, p. 18. 
Kink, s. 1. A violent fit of coughing, &c.] /n- 

sert^ as sense 
2. A regular fit of the chin-cough, S. 
S. A convulsive fit of laughter.] -idd/ 

" I gae a sklent wi' my ee to Donald Roy Mac- 
pherson, and he was- fa'n into a kink o' laughing." 
Brownie of Bodsbeck, ii. 24. 
4. A faint, a swoon, Ettr. For. 

— " With his eyes fixed on the light, he rolled over, 
and fainted. — * My masters, it is nae for naething 
that the honest man's gane away in a kink; for, when 
I held up the bonnet, I saw a dead man riding on a 
horse close at his side." Perils of Man, i. 310, 311. 
To Gae in ae Kink, to go at once like one who 

goes off in a convulsive laugh, Ettr. For. 

" Belt on bow, buckler, and brand, and stand for 
life, limb, gear, and maidhood, or a's gane in ae kink." 
Perils of Man, iii. 203. 
KiNK-HosT, s. The hooping-cough, S.] Add; 

The inhabitants of Galloway have a cure which 
seems peculiar to that district. 

" Kenkhoasi, the chin-cough. To cure this, the 
mothers put their children through the happers of 
mills, when they fancy it leaves them." Gall. Encycl. 

KINK, s, 1. A bend in the bole of a tree, Ayrs. 

2. In a general sense, a bending of any kind, ibid. 
This must be originally the same with Kinsch, 

Kinchy as denoting the twist or doubling given to a 

rope ; Belg. kink, a bend. 

KiNKiT, part. pa. When two ropes, or the 
different folais of one rope, which have been 
firmly twisted, are let loose, so that, in conse- 
quence of the spring given in untwisting, knots 
are formed on different parts of the rope or fold, 
it is said to be kinkit ; Fife. 

KINKEN, s. A small barrel, a cag.] Add ; 

This measure, I am informed, is in Aberdeen equi- 
valent to a peck. 

The unquestionable origin is Teut. kindehen, kin^ 
neken, vasculum, octava pars cadi. Kilian refers to 
E. kylderkin. Thus the term originally denoted the 
eighth part of a hogshead. 
KINKYNE, *. Kind, S. V. Kin. 

The reduplication seems used for emphasis. Thus 
aw kin kind seems properly to signify, " every kyhd 
possible," or " imaginable ;" nae kin kyne, no kind 
whatsoever; q. every,— or no, — sort of kind. 
KINSCH, s. Apparently, kindred.] Add; 

In an edit, of The Cherry and the Slae, modernized, 
&C. by S. D. Aberd. 179^, kinsch is expl. ** cow-cat^ 


tie." But whether the word is, or has been, used in 

this sense, I know not. 

KINSCH, KiNCH, s. 1. The twist or doubling 

given to a cord or rope.] Add; 
S. ^^ A cross rope capped about one stretched 

along, and tightening it ;^ Gl. Surv. Moray. 
8. Used metaph. to denote ^^ an advantage unex* 
pectedly ootained ;^ Ibid. 
This is evidently the same with £. kenk, a sea- 
term. *' Kenks are doublings in a cable or rope, 
when it does not run smooth when it is handed in 
or out ; also when any rope makes turns," &c. Phil- 
lips. Sw. kink, id. 

We may add that there are several Isl. words which 
seem allied; Aeitg-r curvatura, king-r id., king^ia in- 
curvare. Ad kippa kings, curvum ad se raptare ali- 
quem. This, although differing in sense, is nearly 
fdlied in sound to our phrase, to hep kinsches. 
To KiKscH, V. a..] Define; — 1. To tighten a rope 

by twisting it with a rack-pin, S.] Add; 
2. To cast a single knot on tne end of a piece of 
cloth, or of a web ; a term commonly used by 
weavers in the northern counties of S. 
To Kep kinches, a metaph. phrase, signifying 
to meet any particular exigence; to manage any 
thing dextrously, when the conduct of one per- 
son ought to correspond to that of another, or 
when the act is exactly fitted to the peculiar cir- 
cumstances ; as, I canna kep kinches wP him, 

The phrase seems borrowed from a work in which 
two persons are engaged that the one may assist the 
other ; as, in packing a bale of goods, or perhaps in 
twisting ropes. 

KiNscu-PiN, 8. A pin or stick used in twisdng 
the ropes which bind any thing together, to 
(^make tnem firmer, S. ; Rack-pin synon. 
KINSH, s. A lever, such as is used in quarry- 
ing stones, or in raising them, Roxb. ; synon. 
Pinch, Punch. 

This term has probably had a C.B. origin. As £. 
lever is from Fr. lev-er, Lat. lev-are, to lift up, to 
raise ; perhaps kinsh may be allied to cwn-u, to arise, 
transitively used as signifying to raise. Or it might 
be traced to cynnwys compressus, cynnhwys-o com- 
pingere ; although I am disposed to prefer cyn, cu- 
neus, a lever being used nearly as a wedge. This in 
Ir. and Gael, assumes the form of gin, ginn. 
KINTYE, s. The roof-tree, Fife ; a term used 
by those who are of Highland descent. 
Gael, ceann, the head, and iighe, genitive, of the 
KIP, s. Haste, hurry, Ettr. For. 

This may be allied to Isl. kipp^a raptare ; or Dan. 
kipp-er^ to pant, to leap. 

KIP, s. " Ane litill kip;"" Aberd. Reg. A. 1535, 
y. 15, p. 82. 

Kip denotes a hook, also, a jutting point, Ettr. For. 

KIP, Kipp, s. 1. A sharp-pointed hill, Tweedd. 

** The Kipps, above this, are remarkably steep and 

pointed hills." Armstrong. V. Notes to Pennecuik's 

Descr. Tweedd. p. 228. 

** I hae sax score o' Scots queys that are outlyers. 

K I P 


If I let the king^s ellwand ower the hill, I^ hae them 
to seek frae the kips o' Kale." Perils of Man, i. 26l. 

*' When I saw tne bit crookit moon come stealing 
o'er the kipps of Bower-hope-Law, an' thraw her 
dead yellow light on the hills o' Meggat, I fand the 
very nature and the heart within me changed." 
Brownie of Bodsbeck, ii. 35. 
2. Those parts of a mountain which resemble rouud 

knobs, jutting out by the side of the cattle-path, 

are called kipps, Avrs. 

Isl. kipp~r signifies interstitimn loci ; but in sense 
our term seems more allied to kepp^r tumor, extu- 
berantia, q. a tumor on a hiU. C.B. cefn, a hill. 
KiPPiE, s. A small hill, South of S. 
To KIP, V, n. To be turned up at the points ; 

spoken of the horns of cattle, Clydes. 
To Kip np, v, a. To turn up ; as, the side of a 

hat or bonnet. A kipped up nose, a nose cocked 

up, Roxb., Mearns. 
KiPPiE, KippiT, adf. A kippie cow, a cow with 

horns turning upwards, ibid. 

Isl. kipp-a upp, in fascieulos colligere. 
Kip-NEBBiT, adj. Synon. mthKip-nosed, Ettr. For. 
KiP-NosEJ), adj. Having the nosed turned up at 

the point, S. ; having what is called in vulgar 

E. a puff nose. 
KIP, J. A term denoting any thing that is beaked. 

V. Kipper. 
KIP, s. A cant term for a brothel, Clydes. 

It may, however, be corr. from Belg. kuf, id. 
To KIP, V, a. To take the property of another 

by fraud or violence.] Ada; 

" Kyppinge or hentinge. Raptus." Prompt Parv. 

C.B. ctp-iaw, to snatch, to take off suddenly; cfp, 
a sudden snatch. 

KYPE, s. 1. A small round hole made in the 

ground by boys, in one of their games at mar^ 

lies or taw, Aberd. 
S. Transferred, as a name, to that particular game 

which requires this hole, ibid. 

Teut. kip, decipula ; as perhaps being originally 
meant for a hazard or snare. Isl. kipper, inter sti- 
tium loci. 

KYPIE, s, A man who uses his left hand in- 
stead of the right, Lanarks. ; corresponding with 

Lat. scaevus. Corr., perhaps, from C.B. chzviih* 

PPAGE, s,] Insert, as sense 
1. The company sailing on board a diip, whether 

passengers or mariners. 

" That the provest, baillies, &c. vesie and consid-i 
der diligentlie how mekill flesche may serve euerie 
schip and thair kippage for that present veyage, and 
according to die nowmer of the kippage & cumpanie 
appoint to euerie schip sa mony barrellis or puntionis 
[[puncheons]] as for tiiat present veyage sidl suffici- 
ently serve thame to the first port thay ar frauchtit 
to." Acts Ja. VI. 1578, Ed. 1814, p. 104, Equips 
paigCy Acts printed A. 1579- 

Kippage and Keippage occur in Aberd« Reg. ; but 
no hint is given as to the connexion. 

This is not from the £. word, which is not used 
in a similar sense^ but from Fr. equipage £un navire, 


" most properly, her mariners, andsouldiers ;** Cotgr.. 
i. e. those on board a vessel. 

The use of this term in our records, especially as 
expl. by the Black Letter Acts, shews how kippage 
had come to be applied in the sense which it stdl 
bears. This has undoubtedly been by an oblique- 
use of the word in its more general sense ; as de- 
noting the bustle or disorder caused in a house by 
the arrival of some person of distinction with a great 
equipage or retinue. 
S. Discorder, confusion, S.] Add ; 

** We serve the family wi' bread, and he settles wi' 
huz ilka week^-only he was in an unco kippage, 
when we sent him a book instead of the nick^sticks." 
Antiquary, i. 321. " Turmoil," Gl. 
3. It often denotes the expression or symptoms of 

a paroxysm of rage. 

'' The Colonel's in an unco kippage, said Mrs. 
Flockhart to Evan as he descended ; * 1 wish he 
may be weel, — ^the very veins on his brent brow are 
swelled like whip-cord." Waverley, iii. 77. 

It may also bear this sense in the following passage. 

" Only dinna pit yotursel into a kippage, and ex-, 
pose yoursel before the weans, or before the Mar-, 
quia, when ye gang down bye. — The best and warst 
is just that the tower is standing hail and feer, as 
safe and as empty as when ye left it" Bride <^ Lam-< 
mermoor, ii. 289. '^ Kippage — ^passion," GL 

To be in an unco kippage, to be highly offended 
or displeased. South of S. 
KIPPER,*. 1.] Add; 

I find that the term kipper, as used by fishers, pro» 
perly denotes the male fish. South of S., Annandale. 
This fact is unfavourable to the idea of the term h^^ 
ing derived from Teut kipp-en to spawn ; as from 
the act of spawning the female is denominated a 
Shedder. Another etymon is assigned for the first of 
these terms. Kip is. used in the South of S. to de- 
note any thing that is beaked or turned up.; and I am. 
assured, by Siose who have paid attention to the- 
subject, that every full-grown male salmon has a 

Kipperm&y therefore literally signify, " a beaked 
fish." Kip has a similar sense in S. V. Kip-noseo. 
Isl. kipr^a is to contract. But it rather seems allied 
to Germ, kiffe, kippe, summitas, extremitas, promi*^ 
nentia cujuscunque rei, Wachter. 
KippEB-KosE, 8, A beaked or hooked nose, Ettr. 


*' This scene went on-~the friar standing before 
the fiame, and Tam and Gibbie, with their long kip' 
per noses, peeping aver his shoulder." Perils of Man, 
ii. 50. 

This application is understood to be borrowed fronit 
what is properly called the kipper or male salmon* 
often, especially during the spawning season, having 
his nose beaked down like a bird's bill. 

^ Item, ane long fishing Ijrne, mounted for dry ves, 
and three kipping fynes*" Depred. on the Clan Camp* 
bell, p. 104. 

Perhaps from Teut kip decipula, as denoting a 
grin for catching fish. Dryves may signify that the 
line was meant for floating ; Teut drifv^n fiuctuare* 



KIPPLEi s. A rafter, Roxb. V. Couple. 
To EipPLE tOj V. a. To fasten together, to cou- 
ple, S.O. 
Yer bonny verses, wi* yer will, 

Hae hit my taste exactly ; 
Whar rhime to rhime, wi' kanny skill. 
Ye kipple to compactly. 

Picken's Poems 1788, p. 75. 
KiPPLE-FiT, s. Thejbot or lower part of a raft- 
er, S.O. 
The cloken hen, when frae the kipple-Jit 
She breaks her tether, to the midden rina 
Wi' a her burda about her, fyking fain 
To scrape for mauks.— 

Davidson's Seasons, p. 5. V. Couple. 
KiPPLE-HOE, «. A straight piece of wood laid 
across the top of the coiiple or rafter, the top 
being covered with^oZ so as to form the angle, 
Roxb. V. How, Hou, s. 
KIR, ad/. 1. Cheerful, &c.] Add; 

" Kirr, blythe, cheerful, &c. ,- a person so inclined 
is said to be a Atr body." Gall. Encycl. 

Olaf III. king of Norway, A. IO67, was surnamed 
Kyrre, or the Peaceable. V. Pink. Enquiry, ii. SSQ, 

Germ, kir, tractable, mild, kirr^en, kirr machen, 
to assuage, to mitigate; Isl. ktfrr, tranquil^ placid, 
kyrr^a pacare, kyrr^az mitescere. 
%. Fond, amorous, wanton. Gall., Ayrs«, Dumfn 
— — Syne, at his heels, in troops' 
The rest rin brattlin after, kir and crouse. 
Like couts an' fillies starting frae a post. 

Davidson's Seasons, p. 25. 
There is no evidence, that the term, in other nor« 
them languages, has been used in a bad sense. 
3. Conseauential, Dumfr. ; as, ^* He looks as kir 
as a rabbit.'^ 
The journeymen were a' sae gaucy, 
Th' apprentices sae kir and saucy,— 
Th' applauding heart o' mony a lassie 
Was stown awa'. 

Mayn^s Siller Gun, p. 23. 
C.B. cirUaw signifies to cherish. 

KIRK, KiRKE, s.] 1. D^ne ; — The true catho- 
lic church, including ail on earth who hold the 
fundamental doctrines of. Christianity. 
" It is ane thing maist requisite, that the true IGrk 
be decerned fra the filthie synagogues," &; inDicx. 
*' The Kirk of God is sumetymes largelie takin, 
for all them that professe the evangill of Jesus Christ, 
and so it is a company and fellowship not onely of the 
godly, but also of hypocrites professing al wayis out- 
wardly ane true religion." Second Buik of Disc. c. i. 
2. The church invisible, consisting of all who are 
true believers, to whatever society they belong ; 
or whether they be in heaven or yet on earth. 
— " Sa do we maist constantly beleeve, that from 
the beginning there hes bene, and now is, and to the 
end of the warld sail be, ane IRrk, that is to say, ane 
company and multitude of men chosen of God, who 
rightly worship and imbrace him be trew faith in 
Christ Jesus, — quhilk Kirk is catholike, that is, uni- 
versal, because it conteinis the elect of all ages, of 
all realmes, nations and tongues :-— out of the quhilk 
Kirk there is nouther lyfe, nor eternall felidtie.— Thi3 


KSrk is invisible, knawen onelie to God, quha alane 
knawis whome he hes chosen ; and comprehends als- 
weill — ^the elect that be departed, commonlie called 
the Kirk Triumphant, and they that yit live and fecht 
against sinne and Sathan, as sail live hereafter." Scots 
Conf. of Faith, c. 16. 

'^The JGrk is takin in three different senses.-— 
Uther tymes it is takin for the godlie and elect onlie." 
Second B. of Disc. c. i. § 1. 
8. A body of christians adhering to one doctrine, 

government, and worship. 

" The notes therefore of the trew Kirk of God, 
we beleeve, confesse, and avow to be, first, the trew 
preaching of the worde of God.— Secundly, the right 
administration of the sacraments of Christ Jesus.— 
Last, ecclesiastical discipline uprightlie ministred« 
as Goddis worde prescribes. — ^Wheresoever then thir 
former notes are seene, and of ony time continue,— 
th«re, without all doubt, is the trew Kirk of Christ." 
Scots Conf. of Faith, c. 18. 

4. The church of Scotland, as distinguished from 
other reformed churches, or from that of Rome. 
'« We believe with our heartis, — ^that this only is 

the trew christian faith and religion, — quhilk is now 
—received, believed and defendit by monie and sun- 
drie notabil kirkis and realmes, but chiefly be the 
Kirke of Scotland.~^And finallie, we detest all his vain 
allegories, ritis, signes, and traditions brought in 
p. e. into] the kirk, without or againis the word of 
God, and "doctrine of this trew reformed Kirk," Ge-« 
neral Conf. of Faith, A. 1580; Dunlop's Coll. Conf. 
ii 104., 106. 

" Therefore it is^ that in our Kirk our ministers 
tak publick Sc particular examination of the knaw- 
ledge and conversation of sik as are to be admitted to 
the Table of the Lord Jesus." Scots Conf. of Faith, 
c. SS. 

" The 6 Act Pari. 1, &c. declares the ministers of 
the blessed evangell, &c. and the people that pro- 
fessed Christ as he was then offered in the evangell, 
-—to be the true and holie Erk of Christ Jesus 
within this realme." National Cov. A. 1638. 

" Therefore it is that we fiee the doctrine of the Pa*, 
pistical ISrk in participatioun of their sacraments." 
Scots Conf. c. 22. 

The latter is also denominated the Pop^s Kirke. 

" Act 46, &c. doe condemne all baptism conforme 
to the Pope's Ktrke, and the idolatrie of the Masse." 
Nat. Cov. ut sup. Coll. of Conf. ii. 126. 

5. A particular congregation, assembling in one 
place for the worship of God, as distinguished 
from the whole body of the church,, S., 

" The minister may appoint unto him a day when 
the whole Kirk convenes together, that in presence 
of all he may testify his. repentance," &c. First B., 
Disc. c. 9, § 4. 

" Every several Kirk must provide for tlie poore 
within itself." Ibid. c. 5, § 6. 

'Mil. Assembly, March 147|- Sess. 6. ordains all 
and sundrie superintendants and commissionars to 
plant Kirks," ice. Acts, CoU. of Conf iL 750. 

" There— is the trew Krk of Christ— Not that 
universall, of quhilk we have before spoken, bot par- 
ticular, sik as wes at Corinthus, Galatia, Ephesus, 
and other places, in quhilk the ministrie wes planted 


K I R 

be Paull, and were of himself named the Kirks of 
God; and sik Kirks, we the inhabitantis of the realme 

of Scotland ^professis our selfis to have in our cit- 

ties, townes, and places^ reformed, for the doctrine 
taucht in our Kirkis, conteined in the writen worde 
of God," &c. Scots Conf. c, 18. 

Hence, in the Notes, the version of the New Tes- 
tament then in use, is quoted in the different places, 
— 1 Cor. i. 2. and 2 Cor. i. 2. " Unto the congre- 
gacyon of God whych is at Corinthus." — Gal. i. 2. 
Unto the congregacyons of Galacia. Acts xx. 1?. And 
from Myleton he sent messengers to Ephesus, and 
called the elders of the congregacyon" 
6. The term Kirk is frequently applied to ecclesi- 
astical judicatories of different denominations. 
1.) It sometimes denotes those who hold ecclesiasti- 
cal office in any particular congregation, collectively 
viewed, in contradistinction from the congregation 
itself, and from all who are only private christians. 
This use of the term is coeval with our reformation. 
" The Kirk of God — is takin sumtymes for them 
that exercise spiritual function amongis the congre- 
gation of them that professe the truth. The Kirke 
in this last sense hes a certaine power grantit be God, 
according to the quhilk it uses a proper jurisdiction 
and govemement, exerciseit to the confort of the 
hole Kirk." Sec. Buik of Disc. c. 1. 

" The first kynde and sort of Assemblies, although 
they be within particular congregations, yet they 
exerce the power, authoritie and jurisdiction of the 
Kirk with mutuall consent, and therefore beir sum- 
tyme the name of the Kirk," Sec. Buik of Disc. 

c. 7« 

" The quhilk day the Kirk p. e. the Session] or- 
danis the officer to warne bothe the Aide Kirk, and 
also the New, to be present the next Setterday." 
Buik of the IGrk, for Session] of Cannogait, April 
21, 1566. 

A. l6l3, June 18 and 19, the Auld Session of Ca- 
nongate is required to meet with the New on the 
20th ; and when they actually meet» the Minute 
begins thus : " 20 June l6l3. The quhilk day the 
Session ressavit the answers of the Auld Kirk," &c. 

The phraseology, Auld Aud New Kirk, signifies the 
Old and New Session ; as the language refers to the 
custom which then prevailed of electing the session 

In the record of the Session of Edinburgh also, 
the phrase, Auld Kirk, is used to distinguish the Ses- 
sion as it was constituted during the preceding year, 
with particular reference to the elders and deacons 
who had vacated their seats to make way for others : 
and, on questions viewed as momentous, they were, 
at least occasionally, called in as assessors. 

'* The Ministeris, eldaris and deaconis of the Par^ 

ticular Kirk, ane greit number of the brether of 

tlie Auld iiCir^,— eflir long ressoning had thairin, 
the said Kirk and brethering concludes and decarnis," 
<&c. Buik Gen. Kirk. 

The reason of this practice is obvious. It being 
declared that " eldaris, anis lawfully callit to the 
office, — may not leive it again," the change of per- 
sons was chiefly meant that one part of them might 
" reliefe another for a reasonable space." Sec. fiuik 
of Disc. c. 6, J 2. 


2)) These Sessions were origitially denominated 
Particular Kirks. 

'' Assemblies ar of four sortis. For aither ar they 
o£ particular Kirks and congregations ane or ma, or 
of a province, or of ane hail nation, or of all and 
divers nations professing one Jesus Christ." Sec. 
Buik Disc. c. 7, J 2. 

From the passage quoted from the Sec. Buik of 
Discipline, a little above, it would appear that the 
designation, particular kirks, came to be applied td 
Sessions, because these were the courts which im- 
mediately possessed ecclesiastical authority " within 
particular congregations." 

It should be observed, however, that the phrase. 
Particular Kirk, was not so strictly understood as 
Session or Kirk-Session in our time ; as the latter al- 
most universally denotes the office-bearers in one 
particular congregation. Our reformers did not 
make any absolute distinction between the particU" 
/ar kirk in reference to a single congregation, and 
that which had the oversight of several congregations 
adjacent to each other ; or in other words, between 
a particular elderschip and what we now call a Pres-^ 
hytery. For they say ; 

" When we speik of the elders of the particular 
congregations, we mein not that every particular 
parish Kirk can, or may have their awin particular 
Elderschips, specially to land wart, bot we think thrie 
or four, mae or fewar particular Kirks may have one 
common Elderschip to them all, to judge their eccle- 
siasticall causes. — The power of thir jMir^tcv/br Elder^^ 
schips, is to use diligent labours in the boundis com- 
mittit to thair charge, that the Kirks be kepit in gude 
order," Sec. Sec. Buik of Disc, c 7. § 10, 11. 

As the Session of Edinburgh is often called the 
Kirk, BO also the Particular Kirk, as contradistinguish* 
ed from the General Assembly, denominated the Ge- 
neral or Univetsal Kirk. 

" Johnne M'Call, &c. gaiff in their supplicaciounes 
befor the Minister, eldaris Sc deaconis ; — and thare« 
for wes content to ressaue the iniunctaones of the Kirk, 
of the quhilk the tennor followis." Buik Gen. 

" Crystiane Oliphant vedow being ordanit be the 
examinotiris of the quarteris for the tyme to comper 
this day befoir the particular kirk to answer to sic 
thingis as suld be inquyrit of her, quha compeirit,'* 
&c. Ibid. 

" The said day the haill brethering (i. e. of the Ge- 
nerallAssemblay), being conuenit in the saidtolbuith, 
the particular kirk being also callit and compeirand,'^ 
&c. Ibid. 

Compeirit Masteris Johnne Spottiswod superin- 
tendj^ant of] Laudiane, and Dauid Lyndisay minis- 
ter in Leyth, and Johne Brand minister of Haly- 
rudhous, as commissionaris send from the Generall 
Kirk of this realme, and offerit them reddie to ad- 
ioyne with the Ministeris, eldaris and deaconis of 
Edinbufrgh^ for taking off tryall and cognesioun of 
sclander," &c. Ibid. 

The Session of Edinburgh is also sometimes called 
the Particular Assemhlie. 

" Anent the mater of Robert Gurlayis repentance, 
— the modificatipune thairof being remittitbe the Gfe- 
neral Kirk to the Particular Assemhlie of the Minis* 



teris^ eldaris and deaconis^ thay all in ane voce^" &c. 

There'was a deviation from this phraseology in the 
practice of Edinburgh^ whether from a claim of su- 
periority as being the metropolis, or from the great 
number of members^ does not appear. As the mi- 
nisters and elders of the different parishes have still 
formed one collective body, now called the General 
Session, the name. Particular Kirk, seems gradually 
to have given place to that of the General Kirk; and 
their record was hence called the Buik of the Ge-* 
neral Kirk, The designation, however, which they 
take to themselves, in this record, is either that of 
the Kirk, or the Kirk of Edinburgh. This alternates 
with " the Ministeris^ eldaris and deaconis." 

3.) The term very often occurs, as by way of emi- 
nence denoting the General Assembly of the Church 
of Scotland. 

*' Assembly, Aprile 1581, Sess. 9. Anent the Con- 
fession laitlie set furth be the Kings Majesties pro- 
clamatione, and subscribit be his Hcines ; the Kirk, 
in ane voyce, acknawledges the said Confession to be 
ane trew, christian, and faithfuU Confession," &c. 
Coll. Conf. ii. 101. 

" For thir causes, the Kirk presently assera- 

blit,hes statute and ordainit, that all sic offenders sail 
be called hereafter, be the superintendants, — to com- 
peir before them in their synodal conventions." Act 
Ass. 1570-1. Coll, Conf. ii. 75 i. 

This term is used as equivalent to Assembly, which 
is sometimes conjoined with it as explanatory. 

" The Kirk and Assembly present hes enjoynit 
and concludit, that all ministers and pastors within 
their bounds — executthe tenor of his Majesties pro- 
damatione." Acts Ass. Oct. 1581, Sess. 5. 

The General Assembly early received the name of 
the Universal Kirk of Scotland, Hence their records 
are denominated the Buik of the Universal Kirk of 
Scotland, At times they take the designation of the 
haill Kirk ; although I hesitate, whether this is not 
rather to be viewed as in some instances regarding 
their unanimity in the decision, than the universal 
authority of the asssembly. 

There is one passage, however, as to the meaning 
of which there can be no doubt. 

" The nationall Assemblie, qnhilk is generall to us, 
is a lawfull convention of the haill Kirks of the 
realm or nation, where it is usit and gatherit for the 
common affaires of the Kirk ; and may be callit the 
generall elderschip of the haill Kirk within the realme." 
Sec Buik of Disc. c. 7> J 21. 

" Anent the mareing of the queen with the Earl 
Bothwell be Adam callit B. of Orkney, the haill Kirk 
findis, that he transgressit the act of the Kirk in 
mareing the divorcit adulterer. And tharefore de- 
pry ves him fra all functioun of the ministrie con forme 
to the tenor of the act maid thairupon, ay & quhill 
the Kirk be satisfeit of the sclander coramittit be 
him." Buik of Univ. Kirk, Dec. 30, 1 567. 
7. The church viewed as established by law, or 

oSl legally connected with the state, S. 

^ Declaris, that there is na vther face of Kirk, 
nor vther face of religioun, then is present! ie, be the 
fauour of God, establishit within this realme, and 
that thair be na vther iurisdictioun ecclesiasticall ac- 
knawledgit within this realme vther then that quhilk 


is and salbe within the samyne Kirk:* Acts Ja. VI. 
1579, Ed. 1814, III. 188. 

— '* The renewing of the National Covenants and 
oath of this Kirk and Kingdom, in February I688, 
was most necessare." Assembly Glasg. Sess. 26. 

— ^" There resteth nothing for crouning of his 
Majesties incomparable goodness towards us, but 
that all the members of this Kirk and Kingdom be 
joyned in one and the same Confession and Covenant 
with God, with the Kings Majestic, and amongst our- 
selves." Act Ass. Edin. I639. Coll. Conf. ii. 115. 
Give^ as sense 

8. A house appropriated for public worship, S.] 
Add; Kyrlc, A.Bor. 

" We detest and refuse — his canonization of men, 
— worshipping of imagerie, reliques, and crocis ; de- 
dicating of kirkis, altares, dayes." Gen. Conf. of 
Faith, A. 1580. 

*' The principall and maist commodious Kirks to 
stand, and be repairit sufficiently ; — and the uther 
Kirks, quhilk ar not fund necessar, may be sufierit 
to decay." Sec. Buik of Disc. c. 12, § 3. 

9. The term had been used, in connexion with 
another, at the time of our Reformation, to de- 
note what is usually called a conventicle, or 
private meeting of a religious society. 

" Of the principalis of thame that wer knowne to 

be men of gude conversatioun and honest fame in the 

privy Kirk, wer chosen elders and deacons to reull 

with the minister in the publike kirk." Ordour of 

the Electioun of Elderis, &c. Knox's Hist p. 267. 

Ki RK and Mill. " Ye may mak a kirk and a mill 

d't,'^ a phrase very commonly used, to express 

the indifference of the speaker as to the future 

use that may be made of the property of which 

he speaks, S. 

'* Make a Kirk and a Mill of it ; that is, mako 
your best of it." S. Prov. ; Kelly, p. 252. 

But now at least, it is not used in the same sense. 
It oflen expresses indifference bordering on con-» 
tempt. ** Do with it what you will; it is.of nocon<« 
sequence to me." 

'^ The property is my own conquesting, Mr. Keeli- 
vin, and surely I may mak a kirk and a mill o'i an I 
like." The Entail, i. 147. 

It is more fully expressed in some of the northern 
counties ; '' Mak a kirk and a mill o*t, and twa giiin 

I can form no satisfactory conjecture as to the ori- 
gin of this phrase. It would seem, indeed, to have 
originated with one who thought many things more 
necessary than either kirks or mills, who had perhaps 
felt the burden of both erections. One difficulty 
occurs, however. The whole phrase does not seem 
applicable to the same individual* For while the 
building of a kirk was often severe on the proprie- 
tor, the oppression pf the mill fell on the tenant. 
Kirk-bell, s. The bell which is rung to sum- 
mon to churcb, the church-going bell, S. 

KiRK-DORK, EiAK-DUiii, 8, Tile . door of a 

church, S. 

'^ The said Kirk concludis and decernis the saidis 
person is — sail present thameselffis vpone Son day 
nixt to cum, at the eist kirk duir-^in saccloth, — baijr 
heditj thair to stand quhill the prayar and spalme 


K I R 

(sic) be endit^ and thaireftir be brocht in to the pub* 
lict place of repentance to heir the sermound, and 
eflir the sermound be endit— -brocht agane to the 
same kirk duir be tua of the eldaris of the Kirk^ 
quhair thai sail stand and requir the haill brethering^ 
tiiat sal happin to cum in and pas furth^ to pray for 
thame, that thai mycht be remittit off thair vekit of- 
fence and disobedience^ and to declair to thame thair 
said offence." Buik Gen. Kirk^ A. 1574. 

" To do a thing at the ktrk-dore," to do a thing 
o])enl7 and unblushingly^ Lanarks. 
KiBKix, EiBKiKG, s. The first appearance of a 

newly married couple at church, S. 

" On Sunday comes the kirking. The bride and 
bridegroom^ attended by their office-bearers, as also 
the lads and lasses of the village, walk to the kirk, 
seat themselves in a body, and, after service, the pa- 
rishioners rank up in the kirk-yard to see them pass." 
£din. Mag. Nov. 1818, p. 414. 

Kirk-ladle, s. An instrument somewhat resem- 
bling a &i£{2^, still used in some country-churches 
for receiving the money given for the support 
of the poor, or for other pious purposes, S. 
*' Kirk- Laddies, the laddies or implements elders 
use in rustic kirks,— to gather— for tie poor." Gall. 

EiBKLAND, s. Land belonging to the church, S. 
— <' With all manssis, gleibs, kirklands/' &c. Acts 
Cha. I. Ed. 1814, vol. V. 128. 
KiRK-MAiST£B,9. 1. Adcaconinthechurch.] JcZd; 
2. It was also used to denote a deacon of any in- 
corporated trade. 

'* Compeired— in the tolbuith of the said burgh, 
the Kirk Master, and brether of the Surgeons and 
Barbaris within the same," &c— " Your dayly ser- 
vitors the Kirk Master and brether of the surgeons," 
&c. A. 1505— Blue Blanket, p. 52, 53. 

'' Deacon, or chief master of the incorporation," N. 
It is evident that this is a secondary and improper 
use of the term. 

KiRK-MA^, 'S, 1. One who has an ecclesiastical 
function, or an ofBce in the church, S. 
'^ It is agreed, &c. that if ony Bischopis, Abotis, 
or ony uther Kirkmen, sail plaint or alledge thame to 
have receaved ony injuries,-— the plaint sail be sein 
and considdered be the estaits in the said conventioun 
and parliament," &c. Artiklis agreed on by the B. 
of Vallance, &c A. 1560, Knox's Hist p. 233. 

" Thereby the Five Articles of Perth, and the 
government of the Kirk by Bishops, being declared 
to be abjured and removed, and the civil places and 
powers of Kirkmen declared to be unlawful; we sub- 
scrive according to the determination of the said free 
and lawful General Assembly holden at Glasgow." 
Act Assembly, A. l6S8, Coll. Conf. ii. 115. 
2, A member of the Church of Scotland, as con- 
tradistinguished from one who is united to some 
other religious society, S. 
Kirk-mouse, s. A mouse that is so unfortu- 
nate as to be the tenant of a church ; a term 
which occurs in a Prov. commonly used to con- 
vey the idea of the greatest poverty, ** I'm as 
puir'^s a kirk-mmise^ S. 
Kirk-rent, s. The rent arising from ecclesias- 
tical lands. S4 

" As for the kirk rents in generall, we desyre that 
order be admittit and mentainit amangis us, that 
may stand with the sinceritie of God's word," &c. 
Sec Buik of Disc. c. xii. J 12. 
Ki&K-sxAiLiKG, s. The dispersion of those 

who have been engaged in public worship at 

church, S. 

" When the service is over at any particular place 
of worship— (for which moment the Scotch have in 
their language an appropriate and picturesque term, 
the kirk'Skailifig)'^ih(d rush is, of course, still more 
huge and impetuous." Peter's Letters, iii. 265. 
KiRK-sTYLE, s. 1. The gate of the inclosure 

around a church, S. 

" Ther was no money gathered att the tabells, 
both |l)ot ?] at the kirke stifle and at the doore, and 
at the k. doore onlie aftemone." Lamont's Diary, 
p. 47. 
2. The steps in the wall of a church-yard by which 

persons pass over, S* 

" Kirk-^tiles, the stepping stones people walk over 
church-yard dykes on." Gall. Encycl. 
KiRK-suPFER, B^ The entertainment afler a ucwly 

married pair have been kirJcedy Galloway. 

" The applause at a country wedding, at a Kim 
dancing, at a Kirk^supper after a bridal, satisfied the 
bard's vanity." Rem.ofNithsd.Song, xviii. 
KiRK-TowN, 3. The village or town in which the 

parish-church is erecteo, S.l Add; 

*' Often, during the days in which he leisurely wan* 
dered through this pastoral country, would he dis- 
mount on reaching a remote Kirk-town, and gaze 
with soft complacency on the house of God, and the 
last dwelling of man." Clan Albin, ii. 247. 

KiRK-WERK, s. The reparation of churches. 

*' At na drink siluer be tane be the maister nor his 
doaris vnder pain aboue writtin, & atone Qtun^ fraucht 
to the kirk werk of the toune." Pari. Ja. III. A. 1467, 

ActsEd. 1814,p. 87- 

Teut. kerck'Tverck, opus solidum et firmum : quale 
solet esse templorum ; Kilian. 
Kirk-yard, s. The church-yard, S. 

" They took up the town of Turriff, and placed 
their muskets very advantageously about the dykes 
of the kirk'^yard," Spalding, i. 107* 

'^ She was to be frozen to death — and lie there till 
the thaw might come ; and then her father would 
find her body, and carry it away to be buried in the 
kirk-yard." Lights and Shadows, p. 117* 

It is used by Ben Jonson, in his Sad Shepherd, as 
a word common in the north of £. 

— Our dame Hecat 
Made it her gaing-night, over the kirk^yard. 
V. BuNEWAND, Suppl. 

KIRKSETT, KyrksiSt, a. A term occurring in 
various forms in our ancient MSB. 
At first view 6ne might be disposed to consider 
this as a modification, or a corruption, of Hvrsett, 
q. V. But from any idea that I have been able to 
form on the subject, I am much inclined to think 
that Hyrsett is itself the corruption, from the error 
of some copyist who had mistaken XforH/ and also, 
that as Skene had most probably seen it in no other 
form, he had been thus led to misapprehend its sig* 

K I & 

toificaticA. 1 . In ten diferent exampks^ with which 
I have been furnished by the kindness of my learned 
friend, Thomas Thomson, Esq. Deputy Clerk Regis- 
ter, it is found only twice with the initial H ; and 
boUi these occur in one MS., that of Monynet ; — 
Hyreseil, and HyreseL In others, it appears in the 
varied £ormso£ Kirkseit, Kyrkset, KyrsH, Car set, Ker- 
set, Kersetk, Kirkett, Kyraset 2. In an old MS. of the 
Leg.Burg. in Lat, the work which Skene himself pub- 
lished, and which he afterwards translated, where he 
writes Hirset, it is Kirksett. 

Qtticunque factus fuerit novus burgensis de terra 
vasta,et nuUam terram habuerit ho8pitatem,in primo 
anno potest habere Kirkseit, Drummond MS. 

3. Thei?e seems reason to suspect that Skene has 
mistaken the meaning of the term. — " He may have 
respit, or continuation for payment of his burrow 
mailes for ane yeare, quhilk is called hyrseil" In 
explaining Hyrseii, I have understood Skene as ap- 
plying this word to " the payment of burrow maUs 
for one year." It is possible, however, that his mean- 
ing is, that the respite is called htfrsett It would ap- 
• pear, indeed, that this, whatever it signify, denotes 
the possession of a privilege. In one MS. it is thus 
expressed ; Potest habere respeciuaiionem que dicitur 
kifroset. MS. Jac. V. c. 18. In another ; De novo 
burgense kirkset habente. In primo anno potest ha- 
bere kyrsel vel cartd. Id est terram suam inhospi- 
tatam. MS. Cromarty, c. 29- 

In the first of these, it is evidently mentioned as 
equivalent to respit, i. e. respite. The sense of the 
second is more obscure. In a third MS. it is again 
exhibited as a privilege or exemption. — " Of kirk set 
and waist land not biggit. Gif ony man be maid new 
burges of waist lande, and haf kirk set, and has na 
land biggit. In the first yer he may haf that kirk set, 
and eftir that yer he sail big that lande," &c. Au- 
chinl. MS. Adv. Lib. W. 4. ult. fo. v. 134. 

It cannot well be doubted, that it is the same with 
the term Ckurchesset, Chirset, or Curcscet, in the O.E. 
law, tnodified from A.S. cyric-sceat, " ecclesiae cen- 
sus, vectigal ecclesiasticum ; church-scot ; a certain 
tribute or payment made to the church." Somner. 
This Ingulphus writes Kirkset, others CiriceaU It is 
agreed on idl hands, that this denoted a revenue due 
to the church, i. e. the tithes, as Lambard explains 
it Some view it as compounded of cyric and saed, 
semen, q. the seed or first-fruits to be offered to the 
church : others, with greater probability, oi cyric and 
sceat, vectigal, in modern E. Scat, 

What, then, is the sense of the term, as used m our 
old laws ? The only idea I can form is, that the per- 
son who possessed wasle or uninhabited property, 
might for the first year be permitted habere kirkset, 
to retain the usual tithes, or be exempted from that 
contribution to the church which would have been 
claimed, had the land been in a better state ; with this 
proviso, that he should build upon it and cultivate it 
the next year. V. Spelman^ Lambard, Dec. Script, 
Cowel, Du Cange, Roquefort, vo. Kyric-seat, &c. 
Kirn, *. 1. A churn, S.] Add; 

Miss Hamilton, in her useful work meant for the 
instruction of the peasantry, introduces, on this sub* 
ject, a singular superstition, which is directly at war> 
with cleanliness. 

Vol. II. 86 


'^ But do you not dean the chum before ye put ^l 
the cream ?'-— ^ Na,na,' returned Mrs MacClarty, that 
wad no' be canny, ye ken. Naebody hereabouts 
would clean their ^m for ony consideration. I never 
heard o' sic a thing i' my life.'—' I ne'er kend gude 
come o* new gaits a* my days. There was Tibby Bell 
at the head o' the Glen, she fell to cleaning her kirti 
ae day, and the very first kiming after, her butter 
was burstet, and gude for naething. — Twa or three 
hairs are better than the blink o' an ill ee." Cotta- 
gers of Glenbumie, p. 201, 26l, 262. 

KiBNAN-BUNG, s. The instrument employed foi 
stirring the milk in a chum, S.O. 
— Gin ye please our John an' me^ 
Ye'se get the kiman rung 
To lick, this day. 

A. Wilsm*s Poems, 1790, p. Sg. 

EiBN-STAFF, s. The same with the preceding 

word Kimanr-Rung. 

" Kim-^taff, that long staff with a circular frame 
on the head of it, used anciently when upstanding 
kirns were fieishionable." Gall. Encycl. 

KiBN*sw£E, s. An instrument for facilitating the 
churning of milk. It is composed of an axis 
moving between two joists — into which axis are 
mortised two sticks at right angles, the one a 
great deal longer than the other. The chum* 
staff is attached to the shorter one, and the 
longer one is held in the hand, and pushed back- 
wards and forwards, which greatly lightens the 
labour of churning ; it being much more easy to 
move a vertical body from side to side than up- 
wards and downwards, S. 
" A gentlewoman in the vicinity of Edinburgh, 
who has been much accustomed to the management 
of a dairy, states, that she has always been used to 
chum the whole milk in a plunge chum, with a swee, 
a lever applied to the end of the churn-staff." Agr. 
Surv. Mid- Loth., p. 148. 

EIIIN,«. 2. The last handful of grain, &g.1 Add ; 
'* The Cameronian — reserved several hanoAils of 
the fairest and straightest com for the Harvest ittm.'* 
Black w. Mag. Jan. 1821, p. 400. 

To Cby the kirk, after the kirn is won, or the 
last handful of grain cut down, to go to the 
nearest eminence, and give three cheers, to let 
the neighbours know Uiat harvest is finished, 
TeviotdL, Loth. After this the ceremony of 
throwing Ihe hooks takes place. V. Hook. 

To Win the kirn, to gain the honour of cut- 
ting down the last handful of corn on the har- 
vest-field, S. 
^' I shall either gain a kiss from some fair lip for 

ninning the kirn, or some shall have hot brows for 

it." Blackw. Mag. ut sup, 

KiHN-cuT, s. " The name sometimes given to 
tlie last handful of grain cut down on the har- 
vest field f South of S. 

" From the same pin depended, the kirn cut of 
corn, curiously braided and adorned with ribbons." 
Remains of Nithsdale Song, p. S60. V. Maiden. 
'' If thou wilt be my partner, I have seen as great 



a marvel happen as the kim^cut of com commg to 
as sackless hands as thine and mine." Blackw. Mag. 
Jan. 1821, p. 400. 

KiBN-DOLLiE, s. A sort of female figure made 
of the last handful of com that is reaped in the 
harvest-field, Roxb. ; the same with Maiden^ 
and Loth. KimJ)aby, V. Kien, sense 2. 
DolUe is a dimin. from E. DoU, a little girl's pup- ' 
pet. This is perhaps allied to Isl. doeU nympha, if 
not to dole, ddi, servus. 

KIRN IE, s. " A little pert impudent boy, who 
would wish to be considered a man;^ Gall.Enc. 
C.B. coryn, a dwarf or pigmy, fh)m car^ id. Lhuyd 
writes it 1torryn» 

KIRRYWERY, Caeriwary, s. A sort of bur. 
lesque serenade; the noise of mock-muric, made 
with pots, kettles, frying-pans, shouting, scream- 
ing, &c. at or near the doors and wmdows of 
old people who marry a second time, espedally 
of old women and widows who marry young 
men, W. Loth., Fife. 

Fr. charivaris is used exactly in the same sense. 
'^ A publique defamation, or traducing of; a foule 
noise made, blacke Sanius rung, to the shame and 
disgrace of anodier ; hence, an infamous (or infam-* 
ing) ballade sung, by an armed troope, under the 
window of an ol d dotard married, ^eday before^ unto 
a young wanton, in mockery of thenx both^ — The 
carting of an ixifamous person, graced with the har- 
mony of tinging kettles, and fiying-pan nmsicke ;" 

L.B. charivarU'Ufn, ludus turpis tinnitibus et da- 
moribus variis, quibus illudunt iis, qui ad secundas 
convolant nuptias. Du Cange, in vo. The council 
of Tours, A. 1445, prohibited this absurd amuse- 
ment under pain of excommunication. A particular 
account is given of the irregularities denoted by this 
term, in the statutes of the Synod of Avignon, A. 
1337 • When the bride reached the house of the 
bridegroom, the rioters violently seized part of the 
household-goods, which they would not give up un- 
less redeemed by money, which they expended in 
themost dissolute manner; making such odious sports 
as, say the good fathers, cannot be expressed in de- 
cent language. Id. vo. Chalvaricum, Chalvarilum* 
The term is also written CheUvdUsU 

We learn, from the Diet. Trev., that this uproar 
was made on occasion of great inequality of ages be- 
tween the persons who were married, or when they 
had married a second or a third time. The^ origin 
of the term is totally uncertain. It has given rise to 
a good deal of controversy among the learned. 
To KIRYAUW, V, n. To caterwaul, Fife. 

We might suppose that the first syllable were al- 
lied to Teut. karr^en, kerr^en, strepere, cdncrepare, 
Kilian ; q. to make a noise in concert ; did it not seem 
most probable that the last part of the word has been 
formed from the sound. 

To KIRSEN, V. a. Tobaptise> S., Westmorel. ; 
kers'n, Lancash. ; corr. from E. cAm^en/ a term 
iis^ improperly, in whatever language, as pro- 
ceeding on the false idea, that the diildren of 
church^members are not to be accounted Chris^ 
tians before baptism ; although their right to 



baptism arises from their hemg bom within the 
pale of the church. Hence, 
EiESNiK, s. Baptism, S. 

KIRSP, s. Fine linen, or cobweb lawn. 
" Item iiii pecis ofkirsp," Inventories, A. 1 5l6, p. 25. 
— -'' Ane stik of kirtp, contenand xxij eln Flemis, 
*— twa stikkis of kirsp/* &C.. Act Dont Cone. A. 
1494, p. 199. 

EIRST, s. Viewed aaan abbrev. of the female 
name Christian ; Cbr. Kirk. 

K YSLE-STANE, Keisyl-stane, s* ^ A ffint 
stone. Teut. kesel^sieeuy silex ;^' Gl. Sibb. V. 

KISLOP, ^. I. The fourth stomach of a calf, 
containing the substance which has the power 
of coagulating milk, Ettr. For. ; Reid, synon. 
The same virtue is here ascribed to the stomach 
of a lamb. 

S. The bag which contains rennet, ibid. 

To KISS the cap, to ^^ put the cap or mu^ to the 
mouth, a phrase for drinking,^ S., 61. Shirrefs. 
" I wadna kiss your cap," I would not taste your 

drink, S. " I wadna kiss caps r»i^ him," I would have 

no fellowship with him in drinking> S. 

KIST, s, 1. A chest] Add ,^ 
8. Used to denote some kind of cruiv&y or pen. 
haps what is otherwise called an. arAr, for catch- 
ing iisb. 

*' Togidd^r with privilege— of thrie kistes within 
the said water wrack as vse is, with all (he kistes, prof- 
feittis and commoditeis thairof." Acts Cha. I. £d. 
1814, V. 629. 

KjsT-NOOK, s. The comer of a chest, S. 
Her blankets air'd a' feil and dry. 
And in the kist^nook fauldit by, &q^ 

A. Sixfti's Poems, p.. 86. 

EISTIT, a(^. Dried up, withered, without sub* 
stance, not having its proper distinguishing q.u&- 
lity, Clydes. ^ Foisonless, synon. 
Teut. keest must have had a similar sigm'iication^ 

as Kilian renders keest-haeu, gallina steriJis, infoe* 

cunda. Quist also signifies tritus, from quist-en terere, 


KYSTLESS, adj. Tasteless, Roxb. V. Keest- 


♦ KIT, s, A wooden vessel or pail in which 

dishes are washed, Roxb. 

This is different from the sense in which the word 
is used in E. 
To Kit, v. a. To pack in a Art/, S. 

'< Until the last season, the Thurso salmon were 
all boiled and kUtett&t Wick, after being carried 20 
miles over land on horseback/' Stat Ace. xx. 523, 

KITCHEN, KiTCHiKO, Kiciiing, s. 1. Any 

thing eaten with bread.] Add i 

In Loth, kail is opposed to kitchen. Thus one says, 
'^ I've gotten my kail, but I had nae kitchen.'* 
3. It was applied to solids as contradistinguished 

from liquids. 

'^ Gif ony ship happens to be at Burdeaulx, or ony 
uther steid, the shipmen may bear furth of the ship 
sic kilching as use of the ship is, vix«-— ane mess^ or ane 



hilf mess of meit that is cauld^ with als meikle bt^d 
as he may gudelie eat at anis ; bot he sail not heir 
furth of the ship ony drink.'* Ship Lawis, Balfour^s 
Fract p. 616. 

The term occurs id the same sense in the £» x>f 
Mar's Houshold Book f«r 1567. 

^ The kicking for the maisteres aiutrix^ rokltaris> 
ice* Kicking to the Yiolaris : Item> ij quarteris of 
muttoun ; ij povterie^ with potagis» and fische> && 
Kicking : Item, in the flesaie-&y^ ane quarter of 
mouttoun," &c. Chahaers's Mary, i* 17& 
To KtT<:H£)>7, V. a. To serve as kitchen.] Add; 

to any other food, S. 
2. To save, to be sparing of; synon. with Hain^ 
Tape ; as, " Kitcken weel,*" make your kitchen 
last, Ettr. For. The idea evidently is. Manage 
this so carefully, as to shew that you view it as 
kitchen^ or as something partaking of the nature 
of dainty food. 
KITCHEN-FEE, e. The drippings of meat, 

&cj JM; 

** Mr. G. L. W. S. said the managers were satisfied 
that £it drippings and kiicken^ee were preferable to 
the proposed substitute." Caled. Merc Nov. 24, 1823. 
KITCHY, s. The vulgar name for the kitchen^ 


'* Ye'll ken the road to the kiicky, uncle Kenny, 
though ye hlnna seen it this monie a lang day." St. 
Kathleen, iii. 15& 

KYTE, e. 2. The stomach, S.] Add; 
111 guidin sure maks wather cawl. 
An' hungry lyies mak beasts leuk auf. 

Tarras's Poems, p. 52. 
KTTB«<CLnN«, adf. Having the belly shrunk from 
hunger, S. 
Douce wife, quoth I, what means the fiss. 
That ye shaw sic a frightfu' giaz 

Anent a kyie-cbtng poet? Ibid. p. 107. 
KiTE^FOw, Eyteful, s. A bellyful.] Add; 

'' Heh, Sirs, what a kyiefnl o' pride's yon'er !" 
The Entail, i. 9- , 

Kttie, adf. Big-bellied, or corpulent, especially 

in consequence of full living. Loth., Lanarks., 

Clvdes. V. Kyte. 

KIT YE, a phrase used Ayrs.^ as cngnifying, 

** Get you ^it of the way.'' 61. Surv. Ayr8.> 

¥. 690. Also pron. Kiitie. In Aberd. KeU-ye. 
his is traced to Fr. quitt^-er, to void, to withdraw 
from, to quit ; imperat. quittez. 
KITH, ^. 1. Acquaintance. Kith or kin.^ Add ; 
This phrase is aho used in Ireland. 
*' Ever since he had lived at the Lodge of his own, 
he— was grown quite a gentleman, and had none of 
his relations near him — no wonder he was no kinder 
to poor Sir Condy than to his own kitk and kin,** 
Edgeworth's Castle Rackrent, p. 111. 
To Kythe, fcyiTH, v.n. l.To appeiur, iic.]Add; 
It is the same word which is disguised by an«iuk« 
ward orthography, in the Battett cfBdlrinnes, 
Be blaithe, my mirrie men, be blaithe, 

Argyle sail haue the worse, 
Gine he into this country kdUke, 
I houpe in God's cross. 
R. Godist^orss. Poena l6tk<!eniury, p. 3^9* 


It does not ptoperly vigiiify ** oome,^' as in Gl. ; 
but '^ make his appearance." 
8. To come in sight, to appear to view, Roxb. 

One of the senses of A.S. cyik^dn is, ostendere. 
8^ To appear in proper character, S. This is the 

established acceptation of the term in S., as re- 

specting a person or thing not fully known as 

yet, or not seen in its true light In this sense 

are we to understand the Prov. *^ Cheatrie game 

will ay kythe.'^ 

Thus It has been well expl. by Picken. '' Kytke, 
to appear in one's own likeness, to make a discovery 
of one's self." Ol. 

** He'll hftke in his ain colours, he'll appear without 
disguise, he'll be known for the man he is." GL Shir. 

This exactly corresponds with one sense given of 
A.S. cyik'on, notumfacere, probare, to make known, 
to prove ; Somner. 
4. ^* To keep company with,^ Gl. SpaliUng. 

" The lord Abojm upon his own reasons caused 
break -up his army ;— and to his majesty goes he. 
His departure was jbyful to his enemies, and sor* 
rowful to his friends, who had kytked with him, es» 
pedally the lairds of Gight, Haddo, Foveran, &c. who 
had followed him after they had subscribed the co« 
venant." Troubles, i. 148. 

Perhaps rather, to be in a state rfmtimac^ ; as A.S. 
cytkike signifies, familiaritas. 

Kythe, s. Appearance, Aberd. 
But nature, thy feature. 

An' mien o' various kutkej 
Tho' dour-like, or sour-like. 
Ye make me knief an' blythe. 

Tarras's Poems, p. 32. 


Still be it mine, i^ pensive mood 
The haleseme breeze to meet ; 
Ati' bly thsom, an' kyihsome. 
Enjoy a duider sweet 

Sinclair's Simple Lays, p. g. 
B^ihsome and kythsome is a conjunct pnrase used 
in Perths., as signifying, '^ happy in consequence of 
having abundance of proper^ in cows." The word 
must thus have been formed from Ky cows, with the 
addition of some as denoting conjunction, or at times, 
as would seem, abundance. V. Sum. 

KITT, s. Expl. as denoting a brothel, Ayrs. 

" Kitl, a bawdy-house;" Gl. Picken. 

Perhaps an oblique use of A.S. cyte, tuguriolum ; 
As Fr. bordeau, whence £• hrotkel, is from horde, " a 
little house, lodging, or cottage of timber, standing 
alone in the fields ;" Cotgr. 

To EITT, V. a. To relieve a person of all his 

readjr money at play. Kiit^ part, pa., plucked 

in this manner, Roxb. 

It is often thus used ; " 111 either be kilt, or a gen« 
tleman ;" i. e. I will either go away without a penny 
in my pocket, or carry off something handsome. 

This may be fVom Fr. quUti, fVeed, released; 
O.Fr. kit-er, laisser, abandonner; Su.G. gaa ijuill, 
privari, bonorum jactaram facere ; in imitation, Ihre 
thinks, of the French, who say, toe quiite de quelque 
Chose. Isl. ktfeiUa sigm*fiefl|, violentiSr jactare et dis- 
jicert invitum. 



To EITTER, V. n. To fester; used concerning 

a sore ; to inflame, to gather as a boil does, 

Ettr. For. 

C.B. cmthyr signifies an excretion, an excretory ori- 
fice ; cythr^u, to ejects to cast off. Isl. kylr^a, in an« 
gulo latere^ has perhaps as much appearance of affi- 
nity. In the same21anguiige kyte signifies, ulcus, a- 
KITTIE, s. A name given to any kind of cow, 


^^ Kiltie, a common name, or rather an universal 
one, for all cows." Gall. Encycl. 

This seems merely a corr. of Cowdy* V. Cow da, 
and CowDACH. 
KITTIE-CAT, 8. A bit of wood, or any thing 

used in its place, which is hit and driven about 

at Shintie and other games, Roxb. V. Hobnie- 


KITTIT, part pa. Stripped of all that one pos- 
sessed, bereaved of one^s property, whether by 
misfortune or otherwise, So. of S. V. Kitt, v. 
To KITTLE, r. a.] Insert as sense 1. To litter. 
Conjoin as proofs the extracts from Minstrelsy Bor- 
der, Maitl. Poems, and Palsgrave. 
2. To bring forth kittens, S.] Add ; 
To Kittle, v, n. To be generated in the ima- 
gination or affections, Ayrs. 
— '^ Down fell the honest auld town of St. Ronan's^ 
where blythe decent folk had been heartsome eneugfa 
for mony a day before ony o* them were bom, or ony 
sic vapouring fancies kittled in their cracked brains." 
St. Ronan, i. 52. 

" I would be nane surprised if something had kit- 
tied between Jamie and a Highland lassie, ane Nell 
Frizel." The Entail, ii. 282. 
Kittling, s. A kitten.] Add ; 
%, This word has formerly been used as a con- 
temptuous designation for a child. * 
—*'' Calling of him theiff, geytt, howris geyt, preistis 
kitlyner Aberd. Reg. A. 1541, V. 17. 
" Kytlinge. Catellus. Catunculus." Prompt. Parv. 
" Catulus, — kyitdynge," Ort. Vocab. 
To KITTLE, V. a, 1. To tickle, S.] Add; 

This word occurs in a curious passage in our old 
laws, from the Book of Scone. 

^' Gif it happin that ony man be passand in the 
King's gait or passage, drivand befoir him twa sheip 
festnit and knit togidder, be chance ane horse, hav- 
and ane sair bak, is lying in the said gait, and ane 
of the sheip passis be the ane side of the horse, and 
the uther sheep be the uther side, swa that the band 
quhairwith thay ar bund tuich or kittle his sair bak, 
and he thairby movit dois arise, and caryis the said 
scheip with him heir and thair, untill at last he cumis 
and enteris in ane miln havand ane fire, without ane 
keipar, and skalteris the fire,quairby the miln, horse, 
sheep, and all, is brunt ; Quaeriiur, Quha sail pay 
the skaith : Respondetur, The awner of the horse sail 
pay the sheip, because his horse sould not have been 
lying in the King's hie-streit, or commoun passage; 
and the miliar sail pay for the miln, and the horse, 
and for all uther damage and skaith, because he left 
ane fire in the miln, without ane keipar." Balfour's 
Practp. 509, 510, 


'' He took great Uberties with his Royal Highness,— 
poking and kittUng him in the ribs with his fore- 
finger." The Steam*Boat, p. 250, 
5. Used ironically as denoting a fatal stab, S. 

" Had I my race torin again, lass, I wadnaedraw 
my dirk in the dark, as I have done, at the whisjp^ 
o' a Morison ; I wad kiUle the purse-proud carles un- 
der the fifth rib wi' the bit cauld steel for myself 
lass." Blackw. Mag. July 1820, p. 886. 
Add to etjrmon ; 

Perhaps the root is Isl. itii-a, molliter fricare. 
To Kittle, v. n. A term used in regard to the 

wind, when it rises. " It's be^tnnin' to kitties'*^ 

i. e. It is beginning' to rise, Fife. 

To Kittle up, v, n. Applied to the wind, when it 
rises so as to blow irregularly with conaderahle 
violence, Fife. 

Kittle, adj. 1. Ticklish, easily tickled, S.] Iiu 
sert^ as sense 

2. DifRcult, in a physical sense ; as, when applied 
to a road which one is very apt to lose, or in 
which one is in danger of falling. This is said 
to be a Mule gait^ or to have kittle Haps in it, S. 
^' He'll maybe no ken the way, though it's no sae 

difficult to hit, if he keep the horse-road, and mind 
the turn at the Cappercleuch, and dinna — ^miss ony 
o' the kittle staps at the Pass o' Walkway." Tales of 
my Landlord, ii. 259. 

3. Difficult, nice ; used in a moral sense, like E. 

4. Not easily managed ; as, a kittle horse^ S. 

'^ This year riding up to Cambie — ^upon a kiltie hot 
ridden horse, — he cuist me over on the other bank, 
with the sadle betwixt my legs," &c. Mellvill's MS. 
p. 183. 

5. Not easily pronounced or articulated. Thusitis 
usual to speak of kittle words or kittte nameSy S. 

He was learned, and every tittle 
E'er he read believed it true ; 

Savin' chapters cross an' kiltie. 
He cou'd read his Bible through. 

Hog^s Mountain Bard, p. 154. 

6. Variable, applied to the weather, S. 

Kittle weather, ticklish, changeable or uncertain 
weather. South." Grose. This term is also used, 
A.Bor. " Uncertain, doubtful ; as when a man knows 
not his own mind ;" Ray. 

7. Nice, intricate, in -a moral sense ; as, a kittle 
question^ O.S. Under this insert the proof from 

8. As denoting a nice sense of honour, S. 

* ^' I'll stand on mine honour as kittle as ony man, 
but I hate unnecessary bloodshed." Rob Roy, iii. 24. 

9. Squeamish, applied to the conscience, S. V. the 
proof from Spotswood. 

10. Vexatious, implying the idea of danger, S.] 
Add to proofs from Beattie and Ramsay ; 

Syne you must cross the blasted heath 

Where fairies oft are seen, 
A vile uncanny kittle gate 
To gang on Halloween. 

Train's Mountain Muse, p. 50, 51. 
*^ And now, gudewife, I maun ride, to get to the 

K I V 

K N A 

Liddel or it be dark, for your Waste has but a kitik 
character^ ye ken yoursell." Guy Maunering^ ii. 13. 

11. Likely, apt. Bums. 

12, Sharp ; as applied to an angle, Aberd. It is 
not used, however, in the strict mathematical 
sense of acute; for an angle may be obtuse, and 
yet (as is expressed) orore kittle. 

EiTTLB-BREEKs, s, pi. A term applied as a nick- 
name to a person of an irritable temper, Aberd. 

KiTTLE-STBiPs, s. fl. A rope With a noose at each 
end, into which the feet of a person are put, who 
is placed across a joist or beani. His feat is to 
balance himself so exactly, (and it is rather a 
kittie attempt), as to be able to lift something 
laid before him with his teeth, without being 
overturned, Roxb. 


It is the same game that in some parts of the coun« 
try is called KittUe-korv. All the play ers, save the per- 
son who hides^ shut their eyes till the handkerchief, 
glove^ or whatever is used^be hidden. When the task 
of hiding is finished, the hider cries, KUtlie^kotv, or 
Kiillie'Cout. Then every one attempts to find it. The 
only information, that is given by the person who has 
hid it, is that he cries CM f when the seeker is far oft 
from the thing hidden, and Hat ! when he is near it. 
When very near, it is often said Ye' re blazing! q. burn- 
ing-hot . 

'^ The terms of hot and cM, used in the game of 
KittHe-coiU, &c. as they are often heard in the play- 
grounds, must awaken the most pleasing recollec- 
tions in the minds of those who have formerly enjoy- 
ed these pastimes." Blackw. Mag. Aug, 1821, p. 37* 
KiTTiLL TO scHo BEHIND, uot to be depended on, 

not worthy of trust. 

— '^ Lat nather ony knawlege come to my lord my 
brotheris earis, not yit to Mr. W. R., my lordis auld 
pedagog ; ffor my brother is kiitiU to scho behind, and 
dar nocht interpryse for feir, and the vther will dis- 
suade ws fra our purpose with ressones of religioun 
quhilk I can nevir abyd." Lett Logan of Restalrig, 
Acts Ja. VL 1609, p. 241. 
KiTTLiE, adj. Itchy, S.l Add ; 
2. Susceptible, sensitive, S. 

" Mrs. Gorbals — seemed to jealouse that I was 
bound on a matrimonial exploit ; but I was not so 
Idttfy as she thought, and could thole her progs and 
jokes with the greatest pleasance and composure." 
The Steam-Boat, p. 155. 
Kittling, s. 1. A tickling, S. 

'' On the hill o' Hawthomside — I first saw the face 
o' an enemy. There was — a kind o' kiitUng, a sort 
o' prinkling in my blood like, that I fand wadna be 
cured but by the slap o' a sword or the point o' a 
spear." Perils of Man, ii. 234. 
2. Something that tickles the fancy, Ayrs. 

*' Luk up,Tuk up, can yon be booits too ?' and she 
pointed to the starns in the firmament with a jocosity 
that was just a kittling to hear." Steam-Boat, p. 264. 
KITS, The name ^iven to the public jakes 

of the Grammar-school, Aberd. 

Fr. quUt-er, to void? 
KIVAN, 8. " A covejr, such as pf partridges i^ 

Gall. Encycl. V. Kivin. 


To KIVER, V. a. To cover, Lanarks. 

This word occurs in the Lyfe afFirgilius.- " And 
as he was therein, Virgilius kyverd the hole agayne 
with the bourde close." 
KiVER, 8. A covering of any kind, ibid. 
KIVILAIVIE, 8. A numerous collection, a 

crowd, properly of low persons, Lanarks. 

This word has obviously been left by the Strat- 
clyde Welsh of this district. C.B. cyveilliaw, to join 
company. Cyvaill in like manner denotes a friend, 
an associate; cyvail, matched, or joined together; cy- 
vallen, to match or connect with; cyvalUuiw, toxnake 
co-equal ; cyv^aw, being uttered in concord : from cyv 
a prefix in composition, equivalent to £. cam and dm, 
in compare and connect. The latter part of the word 
may be from Uian>, to cause to flow, q. to cause to 
flow together; or allied to lUaws a multitude, a great 

KIVIN, 8, A collection of people, a crowd pro- 
miscuously gathered together for amusement, a 

bevy, Teviotd. 

This seems merely a corr. of Covyne, a convention. 
V. under Conuyne. It must be originally the same 
with O.E. covin, covine, " a deceitful agreement be- 
tween two or more," &c. Covyne, as used by our 
writers, is evidently, from O.Fr. covin, convention 
secrete, concert; Lacombe, Suppl. p. 118. 
To KIZEN, Keisin, v, n. To shrink, especially 

in consequence of being exposed to Uie sun or 

drought, Ayrs., Renfr. 

The grave, great glutton, swallowjs a' 

But ne'er will swallow me ; 
My kizning corps must dangling hang 
Upon a gallows tree. 

Train's Poetical Reveries, p. 95. 
Trust me wha'm grown auld and keisint. 
Poems in Engl. Scotch and Latin, p. 108. 

'* Kizend, dried up. North." Grose. V, Geizb. 
KL ACK, 8. The denomination of fishing ground 

that is near the shore, Shetl. ; as opposed to ZTo^ 

which denotes that which is distant. 
KLEM, adj. Unprincipled. V. CtEM. 
KLINT, 8. A rough stone, an outlying stone, 


Isl. klett-ur, rupes man imminens, Verel. ; rupes^ 
scopulus, G. Andr. ; Su.G. kUnt, scop ul us, vertex 
montis excelsioris; also klett, which Ihre views as the 
original form of the word, the Swedes having in« 
serted the letter ». 
To KNAB, V. a. To beat, Selkirks. ; the same 

with Nab, 

I care not for his sword ; 

I'll smash it all to pieces, thus \ O how 
I'll knab him. Hogg's Dram, Tales, ii. 52. 

Knab, 8. A severe stroke, Ettr. .For. 

" Sure am I that I never gae sic a straik sinsjrne, 
nor ane wi' sic good will. I dinna think that I clave 
his helmet, but I gae him sick — a knab on the temple, 
that he was stoundit, and fell as dead as a stane at 
my horse's feet.'* Perils of Man, ii. 241. 

This seems to be the same with Knap, although 
the latter is generally used to denote a slight stroke. 
The word most nearly allied is Su.G. ktiaepp. Duo 
denotat, ictum nempe e^sonitum ictus; ut sclent haec 

K N A 

K N A 

duo saepe in una voce conjungi. Knatpp-a reaonar e 
et ferire ; Belg* knapp-^n ; Ihre. 
Kkabby, KNAfiBisHy odj. PoBsessing independ- 
ence, &C.1 Add; 

The heirds o' mony a knabbie laird 

War tridnin for the shambles ; 
An' browz'd the hardly springan braird 
'Mang ruthless thorns an' brambles. 

Picken't Poems 1788, p. 178. 
It is to be observed that Knob, as a 9,, is used in a 
derisive way. 

Knabrie, #. The lower class of gentry, properly 
such as cockJairds who cultivate their own pro- 
perty, or who live on a narrow income, Ayrs. 
'^ The swaping o' the court, — and the peetiefu' 
gait whilk the fouk spak thereawa, soon gart our 
knabrie tyne a' that auncient greeshodi whilk they had 
for their forbears." Edin. Mag. Apr. 1821, p. 851. 
KNABBLICK, a^^. ExpL " sharp-pointed," 
61. ; applied to small stones or pebbles that have 
several angles, and which either start from un- 
der the foot, when one treads on them, or bruise 
it, S.B. 

— — O'er a knahblick stane. 
He rumbl'd down a ranunage glyde. 
Christmas Ba'ing, Skinner's Misc. Poet, p. 127* 
V. Knibloch. 
Td KNACK, Knap, r. a. Totaunt,tomock.]Jdtf; 

" Knacket, sneered;" Gl. Westmorel. 
To KNACK, V, n. To make a harsh sound with 
the throat, somewhat resembling the clinking of 
a mill, S.A. 
Knack, s. The sound described above, as made 

by the throat, S.A. 
KNACKY (prom nachy)^ adj. 1. Sharp-witted, 

S.] Add; 
4. It is used in Berwicks. in the sense of cunning, 

Kkacksy, adj. The same with Knacky^ Perths. 
Brawlie can the calland gii 

A knacksy joake, wi' mirth an' gl^^> 

In prose or rhyme. Duff's Poems^ p. 35. 
Kkackuz, 8, " A person who talks quick, snap- 

Sish, and ever chattering;" Gall. Encycl. V. 

KNAC, 8. A knob, &c.] Add; 

Ir. Gael, cnasy a knob, a peg. 
KNAG, 8. The name given to a certain bird in 

'' In these forrests, and in all this province, ther 
is great store of— dowes, steares or stirlings, lair* 
igigh or knag, which is a foull lyk vnto a paroket, or 
parret, which maks p]lace for her nest with her beck, 
in the oak trie." Gordon's Geneal. Hi»t. Sutherl. p. 8. 
The woodpecker is most probably meant, from Su.G, 
gnag-a, to gnaw, or Dan. knaeck^er, to crack ; as it is 
m Sw. called kack-spik, from hack-a secare, because 
it cuts the bark of trees with its bill. 
KNAG, 8. Apparently synon. with E. Keg or 
Kag^ a small barrel, Aberd. 
—To slock our drouth's a kn(ig o* berry brown, 
Which Symmie coft last glomin i' the town. 

Tarras's Poems, p. 8« 

" Ane knag of vinacar [[vinegar]] impute in th« 
schip." Aberd. Reg. Cent. l6. 
Knag6I£, 8, A cag, a small dask^ Aberd.] Add; 
2. A small wooden vessel with a handle, Ettr. For. 
KNAG, 8. A knob, a pin on which any thing is 

hung, S.] Define; — A woodeti hook fixed in the 

wall, on which clothes, &c. are hung. It is very 

often one of the upper growths of the Soottisn 

pine, which is fastened to the joist of a hut, the 

branches serving as so many pegs. 
Knaggie, adj, 1. Having protul^nmces.] Add; 

*' Knaggtf, knotty ;" Lancash. T. Bobbms. 
KkaGlik, adj. Used in the same sense with 

Knaggie^ having many protuberances, S. 
KNAP, 8. I. A knob, a protuberance, S. 

'^ It is a good tree that hath neither knap nor gaw;" 
S. Prov> " There is nothing altogether perfect*** 
Kelly, p. 218. 

Teut. knoppe, nodus. 
S. A hillock, Aberd. 

Ilk knap and brae smiles sweet in simmer dead. 
An' a' the birdies lilt in tunefu' meed. 

Tarras's Poems, p. 2. 
8. Knap ofthe causey ^ the middle stones in a street. 

Aberd. To keep ike knap of the caustyy used 

in the same metaph. sense with keeping the crown 

of the causeyy ibid. 

Isl. knapp'r, knopp^r, globulus, caput. 
• To KNAP, V. n. To break in two, Ettr. For. 
KNAP, *. Some sort of wooden vessel, S. 
But stoups are needed, tubs, and pails, and knaps^ 
For all the old are gisand into staps. 

Village Fair, Blackw. Mag. Jan. 1821, p. 432. 

Su.G. Isl. knapp, globulus. 
KNAPE, 8. 1. A servant. S. Used contemptu- 

ously, &c.] Add; 

This term seems to be still retained by the boys of 
the High School of Edinburgh ; as they call one " a 
queer nop'* or " knap," who is a sort of quizz, or in 
low E. " an odd fish." 

Knapparts, 8. pi. Wood or heath pease.] Add; 
The best of liquorice other soils produce. 
Is far inferior to the kuapperf/ juice. 

Don, a Poem, p. 18. 

'' Knapperis is a root that tastes like liquorice, 
but is much sweeter." Note, Leyden's Scot De» 
script. Poems, p. 119* 

As these are much dug up, hence the proverbial 
phrase, " I'll gar your niz [^nose] hole knapparts," 111 
knock you down on your nose ; Aberd. 
KNAPPEL, 8. Staves of oak brought from 

Memel, &c.] Add; 

'* The great hundreth knappie, contenand zxiiii. 
small hundrethis, is twa last. Item, ane hundreth 
wanescot, contenand sax score, is twa last." Balfour!s 
Practicks, Cristumis, p. 8B. 

Knappie would seem to be applied to staves, and 
wanescot to planks. 

KNAPPERS, 8. pL Expl. as denoting the mast 

of oak, &c. 

" Glandes, knappers." Weddcrb. Vocab. p. 19^ In 
a later £d. knappers. 

Perhaps from Teut inapp-en, to crack, from the 

K N A 

noise they make ; or Sw. knapr'a, to gnaw, as chil« 
dren are fond of eating them. 
KNAPPING HAMMER, a hammer with a 
long shaft, for breaking stones into small pieces, 
cfaiefiy used to prepare materials for making or 
mendmg roads, Loth.; from E. knapy to strike 
KNAPPING-HOLE, s. A term, in the game 
ofShintiCf used to denote the hole out of which 
two players try to drive the ball in opposite di- 
rections, Dumfr. 

From Knap, v., as signifying to hit smartly. 
KNARLIE, adf. Knotty, Lanarks. 
-*Tbe crashan' taps o' knarUe aiks 
Cam doupan' to the gnin'. 
Ballad, Edin. Mag. Oct. 1818, p. 328. V. Knorry. 
KNARRIE, s. A bruise, a hurt, Aberd. 

Isl. gner-a, aflricare, to rub, Verel. ; q/a hurt pro- 
duced by friction. 

To KNASH, V. a. To gnaw.] Add; 
2. To strike, Upp. Clydes. 
KNASHIP, s. V. Knaveship. 
KNAVE-BAIRN, a. A male child. South of S. 
" Wha durst buy EUangowan that was not of Ber- 
tram's blude? and wha could tell whether the bonny 
knavt'-baim may not come back to claim his ain }" 
Guy Mannering^ ii. 15, 1 6. V. Jimp, adv. 
KNAVESHIP, Knaship, s. A small due, in 
meal, established by usage, which is paid to the 
under-miller, S. V. under Kkaw, Knaif, a. 
*^ Produce wytnes in jugement for prewing of the 
auld statutis & vse that thai hed wownt to hef of the 
multur of ilk boll, & quhat knaschip." Aberd. Reg. 
To Knaw apone, V, a. To use judicial cogniz- 
ance of, to judge. 

^* The caussis that the lordis of the Sessione sail 

hiaiv apone. In the first all spoliacioune^ &c the lordis 

of the Sessione haifande na powere to knarv apone 

thame eftir that the said yere be outrunyn." ParL 

Ja. II. A. 1456, Acts Ed. 1814, p. 47. Sit vpone, Ed. 

1566, where first used above. 

KNAW, Knawe, Knaif, «. 2. A boy,&c.]^def ; 

A man^ who hes ane oyne f oven^ of his awin,— 

sail not hald ma servandis nor four, viz. ane maister, 

twa servandis, and ane knaive." Leg. Burg. Balfour's 

Practicks, p. 69* "Ane boy;" Skene, Burr. Liawes, c. 66. 

Knawlege, *. 1. Knowledge, S.B., Upp. Lanarks. 

S. Trial, examination, scrutiny. To oide Jcnaw^ 

lege, to bear investigation, applied to persons in 

regard to conduct or integrity in management. 

im^" He sail cheiss lele men and discret.; and sik 

as he will answere for, the quhilkis sail bgde kfiatv^ 

lege befor the king gif thai haif done thair deuoir at 

the end of the taxacione." Pari. Ja. I. A. 1 424, Acts 

Ed 1814, p. 4. 

ToKN AWLEGE, v.n. To acknowledge, Aberd. 

— '' The said princess — has considerit and ibuzip- 
legis that quhat thing the said personis did in that 
matter touching hir, thai dide it of gude zele and mo- 
tife, and of grete truth and leaute," &c. ParL Ja. II. 
A. 1439, Acts Ed. 1814, p. 54, c. 3. 

KNEPNEUCH {ch gutt), s. A peculiar taste 


K N I 

or smell ; chiefly applied to cUd meat or musty 

bread, Fife ; synon. Knaggim^ S. 

GaeL cnaMh-tam, to consume ? 
To Knee, v. n. To bend in the middle, as a nail 

in being driven into the wall, Aberd. 
Knee, a. The instrument in E. called cranky 

*^ ttie end of an iron axis turned square down, 

and again turned square to the first turning 

down,'^ S. 

KNEE-BAIRN, a. A child that nts on the knee, 
as not being yet able to walk, S. 

KNEEF, Kneif, adi. 1. Active, lively, brisk, 
S.] Add; 

The term is very often applied to persons as re- 
covering their animation after severe illness, 
S. Intimate, synon. with Coah. Cter h^eefsug-- 
gests the idea of criminal intercourse, Fife. 
Haldorson expl. Isl. knaef^r fortis, acer, and naef^r 
aicutus, acer. Giii(i^r,prooeru8, is radically the same. 
Kneifly, adv. With vivacity.] Add; 
— — - My pouch is plackfess : 
Which gars them compliment some chiel, 
Wha kndjly kythes in snugger biel. 

Tarraa's Poema, p. 24. " Briskly ;" Gl. 

KNELL-KNEED, adj. The same with JSTi^ 

Jcneedf q. v., Ettr. For, 
To KNET, V. a. To knit timbers ; as, «' to knet 

cupples,^ S.B. 

'* Paid to ane wrycht for kneiting of the tymmer 
thairof."— '' Knet the tymmer." Aberd. Reg. 
ToKNEVELL,t?.a. To beat with the fists, giv- 

ing the idea of a succession of severe strokes, S. 

.— '^ Twa landloupers jumpit out of a peat-hag on 
me or I was aware, and got me down, and knevdled 
me sair aneuch, or I could gar my whip walk about 
their lugs." Guy Mannering, ii. 59. V^ NEVCi.L, 
under Neivk«. 
KNE WEL,. Knool, a.. A wooden pin,&c} Add ; 

Knewely however, may have been originally the 
same with Isl. knappheUda, compes equorum, sive 
vinculuQi globulo et laqueo connexum ; from knapp 
a knot, and helld, kalld^ to hold. 
KNYAFF, a. A dwarf, i^very puny person, Fife. 

From this Neffit is formed, q. v^ 

Isl^ knip-'T, curvum et contractum corpus, knippin 
curvus; Haldorson, 

KNIBLOCH,Knxbi«acu, a. Asmall round stone, 

&c.] Add; 

^' Laneash.ii:n«i/(0cA:#,littlelump8 of coals about the 
sixe of eggs; knobUnga, knaplinga," id. Gl. T. Bob- 

KNICKITY-KNOCK, adv. To/a' hnickUy^ 
knock, to fall in the way of striking the head, 
first on one side, then on another, Ayrs^ 
" No to let us just fa^ knichity knock, trwe side to 

side, till our hams are splattered at the bottom o' the 

well o' despair, — I'll gi^ you a toast." Entail, iii. 77. 
A word meant to represent the sound made by such 

a fall, and formed from E. knock. 

To KNIDDER, v. a. To keep under. 
O R — n ! thou prince o* lear ! 
(Tho' for't you've a gude fee got) 

K N O 

K N O 

I wat you knidder^d gay and sair 

Ilk canting^ cappit bigot. 
The General Assembly y Poel, Museum, p. 374^. 
The same with Nidder, q. v,, which is the common: 
and the preferable orthography. 

KNIDGET, s. A malapert and misc||ieyous boy 

or girl, Meams. 

Shall we view it as allied to Teut knodsen, knads- 
en, to beat^ or Dan. -knid-er, to rub ? 

KN YFF, Knyfe, s, A hanger or dagger.] Add; 

The term occurs in tliis sense in our old acts. 

'' Bot vthir yemen — ^salbe sufficiandly bowjt Sc 
schaffit, with suerde^ buklare^ & knyfe*' Pari. Ja. I. 
A. 1425, Acts Ed. 1816, p. 10, c. 1?. ■ 

The term has the same sense in Su.G.j as denoting 
a short sword. 

Foere swaerd ok knif war jamstort fall : 
Enses sicaeque aequam stragem edidere. 

Hist Alex, M. 

Ihre derives the term from Su.G. knip-a scindere, 
secare ; Wachter from Gr. xfu^ seco. Hence the 
Black knife, a small dirk, Perths. 

This is a literal translation of Gael, skian dubh, the 
denomination given to this weapon by the High- 

KN YP, *. A blow ; as, " I'll gie ye a kn7/^p o'er 

the head," Aberd. 

Teut. knip talitrum, crepitus digiti, a fillip; knipp* 
en, talitro ferire, Su.G. ^nae^denotat ictum,et soni- 
tum ictus ; knaeppa, resonare, et ferire. Isl. knippa, 
KNIPSIE, 8, A malapert and mischievous boy 

or girl, Meams ; synon. Kmdget. 

Expl. as signifying " a little malapert person," 

Did we suppose that this termhad originated from 
the puny appearance of the person, it miglit be traced 
to Isl. knip'T, curvum et contractum corpus, knipp^a, 
kfiepp-a, curvare ; if from the pert conduct of such 
a person, perhaps to knapi, puer pedisequus. 
KxiTCHELL, 8, A small bundle.] Add; 

In Isl. we find not only knyti fasciculus, but knytil, 
id., both from knyt-a nodare. 
To KN YTE, v,a. To strike smartly. V.Knoit, v. 
Kx\'YTE, 8. A smart stroke. V. Knoit, s. 
KNIVELACH, 8. ** A stroke which raises a 

tumor;'' Gl. Surv. Moray. 

This is perhaps the same with Knibloch, q. v. sense 
8. It might, however, be deduced from Su.G. naefrvey 
knaef the fist, and laeg-a to strike, or lag a blow. 
KNOCK, 8, A clock, S.] Add; 

I am content on Sounday nixt to cum afoire none 
att ten houris of the knoke, to cum till ony lugene 
within the town of Ayr, and bring with me twelf 
resonable and honest men to be auditoris for my 
pairt, he [[Willok] bringand twelf sicklike ; provid- 
and always that there be na ma bot 24 personis 
allannerlie for baith the sydes," Sec. Kennedy's Cor- 
respondence with Willok, Keith's Hist App. p. 

KNOCK, 8.. A hill, a knoll, S. ; evidently from 
Gael, and Ir. cnoc^ which Lhuyd, Shaw, and 
Obricn simply render '' a hill." 


Round the rock, 
Down by the knock, 
Momauchty, Tunnachty, Moy and Glentrive* 

Jacobite Relics, ii. 148. 
*' It proceeded till its extremity was over the knock, 
an insulated hill behind the church." Glenfergus, 
i. 108. 

This Gael, term is understood as exactly corre- 
sponding in sense with E. knoll, S. know. 
KNOCK, 8^ A wooden instrument, used by the 
peasantry for beating yarn, webs, &c. common- 
ly when bleaching, Roxb. It resembles abeetle; 
but is longer, and flat on both sides. 
A.S. cnuc'ian, tundere. 
KNOCK of a YETT, " knocker of a gate T Gl. 
" Ilk ane had in his cap or bonnet a rip of oats, 
whilk was his sign; our town's people began to wear 
the like in their bonnetts, and to knit Siem to the 
knocks of our yetis, but it was little safeguard to us, 
albeit we used the same for a protection." Spald» 
ing, ii. 239. 

KNOCKDODGEL, adj. Short and thick, Fife. 
As the V, Dodgel signifies to walk in a stiff* and hob- 
bling way, perhaps knock is prefixed as denoting the 
striking of the knees against each other. Teut. knoke, 
however, is the ancle. 

KNOCKIN-MELL, s. A mallet for beating the 
hulls off barley, S. 

'' This was in a very rude manner in a stone-mor- 
tar with a wooden mallet, (called the knocking-stane 
and kttocking^mell,) almost every family having one." 
Agr. Surv. Mid-Loth. p. 101. 
KNOCKIN-STANE, 8. A stone-mortar in 
which the hulls were beaten off barley with a 
wooden mallet. The hole in the stone was like 
an inverted hollow cQne, knd the mallot was 
made to fit it loosely, S. V. Knockin-meU. 
KNOCKIT, 8. A piece of bread, eaten at noon 
as a luncheon, Dumfr.; TwalUiows syuon. In 
Galloway Nacket. 

Most probably from the size of the piece of bread, 
Su.G. kneck globulus. V. Nocket. 

The pure men plentis that duellis besyde him. 
How ^l^ej creipis in a hoill to hyde him,— 
' When they come there to crave their debtis ; 
For kaill, candle, and knocked beir, 
Herbis to the pot, and all sic geir. 
He never payis ane penny he takkis. 
Legend Bp. St. Androis, Poems l6lk Cent. p. 323, 324. 
KNOG, 8. Any thing short, thick, and stout ; 
as " a knog of a chield,'' " a k?iog of a stick," 
&c., Clydcs. 

This is evidently the same with Knag, q. v. 
To KNOIT, &c. V. a. 1. To strike with a sharp 
sound, S.] 

Etymon, 1. 3, after — Worm. Liter. Insert ; 
— ; aJlidebatur, verb, irapersonale^ GL- Lodbrokar- 
Quida, p. 77; knyt-a, verberare. 
Knoit, 8. A smart stroke.] Add; 
My vera flesh an' saul ar gnawin. 
To see ye gruntin,' soughin, blawin, 
. An' whiles yir heavy noddle fa'in, 

Wi' lazy kftyte. Tarras's Poems, p. 99 

K N U 

To KNOOFF, V. n. To conrerse famaiarly. V. 

KNOOP, s. 8. The knoap of a hUl.] Add; 

iTnopisusedinthesameseiifeinShedand. Brand 
introduces it, when giving an account of a very sin^ 
gular mode of fishing, which^ it may be supposed^ 
is now unknown in these islands. 

" About a mile from Tingwal to the North, there 
is a hill called the Knop of Kebister, or Luggie'f Know, 
nigh to which hill there is a house called Kebister 
where a varlet or wizard lived, oomonly designed 
Luggie, concerning whom it was reported, that when 
the sea was so tempestuous, that the boats durst not 
go off to the fishing, he used to go to that hill or 
know, wherein [was] a hole, into which he let down 
his lines and took up any fish he pleased, as a cod, 
or ling, &c which no other could do but himself: 
Also when fishing at sea, he would at his pleasure 
take up any rosted fish with his line, with the intrals 
or guts out o£ it, and so ready for his use." The 
writer very gravely adds; '' This was certainly done 
by the agency of evil spirits, with whom he was in 
compact and covenant." Descr. of ZetL p. 110, 111. 
Add to etymon ; 

Isl. gnop prominentia. 
KNOP, ^. A protuberance, a knob. 

'[ Item ane pair of bedis of gamettis, knoppit with 
^old, and within the knoppis ane of the said bedis.** 
Inventories, A. 1542, p. 62. 

" It was a well-wrought piece, having three crowns 
uppermost, and three other kind of crowns beneath, 
well carved with golden knops'' Spalding, ii. 6S. 
'K'SOVFiTy part, pa. Having knobs. 

" Item ane pair of bedis, blew, knoppit with gold." 
Inventories, ut. sup. V. Knop, 9, 
KNOOST, Kndist, *. A large lump.] Add; 

Sicanib.noe^,Belg. knoest, nodus in arbore ; Kilian. 
KNORRIE, NoRBiE, s. A wheal raised by a 

blow, Aberd. ; the same with Norlick. 
KNOTLESS, adf. Not having a knot; usually 

applied to a thread, which, instead of keeping 

hold, passes through the seam, S. 

This term is used metaph. <^ one who disappears 
from a company without being observed, or without 
giving any previous intimation : ^' He slipt awa just 
Jike a knotless thread;" S. Prov. 
KNOTTY TAMS, a cant desijrnation for the 

knots skimmed off oatmeal porridge, before they 

are completely made ; used as a dish in Renfr. 

In makmg the porridge, these should be bro- 

ken, when it is not meant to use them by them- 
selves. KiioUy Tammies^ id., E. Loth. 
KNOUT, 8. The ball or bit of wood that is 

struck in the game diShiniy^ Fife; synon. Doe^ 

and Nacket. 

IsL knud^r signifies nodus, globus; also knui^r, 
Verel.; knotl-r pila, globus, knud-r tuhtr, Dan. knude, 
Su.G. knui, nodus. IsL hnatt^leikr, ludus pilae lig-p 
neae super glaciem, o. the knatt-plav, or ibiOK^-play. 
Knowik, adf. Full of knolls, Clydes. 
KNUDGE, s. A short, thick, hard-grown, and 

strong person or animal ; as, " H« s a p^ect 

knudgc^ Dumfr. 
Vol, Ii. 33 

K N U 

Teut. knodse, knudse, dava nodosa ; knoal, nodos 
arboris. Isl. knettin signifies rotundus^ compactus. 
Knudgik, a(h\ Short, thick, hard-grown, aod 

strong, ibicL 
To KNUFF, v.n. To converse familiarly.] Add; 

*' But scho skyrit to kmtife lownly or siccarlye 
on thUke sauchnyng." Hogg's Winter Tales, ii. 41. 
KNULL, KiiuLs, s. A bit of wood tied in the 

end of a rope, which enters into an eye in the 

other end of it, for fastening a cow or any other 

animal, Fife ; Aberd. 

This is evidently the same with Knewd, q. v. Teut. 
knoUe, globus ; knovel, nodus; Su.G. kmUa, tuber. 
Knul'o, part. adj. Henpecked, Fife ; synon. 

SmiTd. V. Snool. 
To KNUSE, Knoose, v. a. To bruise.] Add; 

A.S. cnyS'On, cnyss-an, premere, concutere ; con- 
tnndere; " to hit or dash against, to overthrow;" 
Somner. Ge-cnysed, « beaten, bruised ;" id. 
Knusky, adj. Thick, gross ; applied to persons ; 


Knusk Y, 9. " A strong firm boy;'* Gl. Surv. Ayrs. 

J). 692. 
si. knusk^a, knusk^, contundere, q. well put to- 
gether ; knu9k^r tuber, exnl. by Dan. knude, a knot. 
KNUSLY, adv. Snugly, comfortably, Pertbs., 
Stirlings. ; pron. Kntissly. 
A clear peat ingle bleez't on the hearthstane, 
Foregainst whilk Bawty crap, wagging his tail, 
Turn'd him about, and laid him knusly down, 
Thinkin' of neither bogles nor the storm. 

The Ghaist, p. 4. 
Isl. hni99e apparo, adomo, compono ; knissin, com- 
posite adomans supellectilem vel res domesticas; G. 
Andr. p. 117 ; q. putting things into proper order. 
Perhaps knusly refers to the pains taken by a dog to 
lay itself down, so as that it may recline with ease; 
eq>ecially as the words, Turn'd him about, respect the 
caution with which be proceeds* It is well known 
that in Isl. hn and kn are constantly interchanged. If 
we suppose the term properly to signify sqftly, gent- 
ly, as descriptive of the manner in which a dog lays 
himself down ; it may seem allied to A.S. hnaesc, 
hny9c, mollis, soft, tender, delicate, nice, dainty. V. 
Somner. The Moes.G. synon. is knasuga, mollis. 
Hfiasugaim va9tJQm ganandai, " Clothed in soft rai« 
ment ;" Matth. xi. 8. 

To KNUT, V. n. To halt slightly ; especially 

used to denote the unpleasant jerk which ahorse 

sometimes gives on his pastern, when he sets his 

foot on a round stone, Stirlings. 
Knut, 9. A motion of this kind, ibid. 

This seems the same with the v. KnoU, Knite, sense 
2», differing only in provincial pronunciation. 

Isl. kniol^a, (pret hnaut) signifies to stumble. 
To KNUTLE, v. a. 1, To strike with. the 

knuckle, Renfr. 

Isl. knota, .knuta, nodus artuum ; knitla, paululum 
pungere, Awttdto digitis prensare. Su.G. knut,BA signi^ 
fying a knot, gives perhaps the primary idea ; as the 
joints are as it were the knots between the bones, 
a. To strike with feeble blows frequently r^>eat«. 

ed, Roxb. < 



To KNUZLE, V. a. To squeeze, to press, pro- 

perly with the knees, Teviotd. V. Noozle. 
KOAB, QuoAB, 3. A reward ; a gift, a bribe, 

Shetl. ; as, " I'se doe what du wants me, bit 

fath I maun hae a gud Koab!^ 

I see no nbrthem term which can be supposed to 
have any affinity, unless perhaps Isl. qwabb, molesti 
petitio seu rogatio, qwabh^a, kwabb-as, rogitare, pe- 
titare; q. what is obtained in consequence of conti- 
nued solicitation. It is singular that it should per- 
haps more nearly resemble C. B. givobr, which sig- 
nifies both a reward and a bribe. 
KOFF-CARYLL, s. A contemptuous designa. 

tion, q. *^ old pedlar.'' 

" Convickit for the trublanee of him in wordis, 
calland him koff-car^U one the oppin gait." Aberd. 
Reg. Cent. l6. 

^o^'had been always accounted a contumelious 
term. V. Coffe^ and Carl. 
To KOOK, V, n. To appear and disappear by 

fits ; the same ^with Cook, v., Ayrs. 

" I was of a firm persuasion, that all the sculdud^ 
dery of the business might have been well spared 
fron^ the eye of the public, which is of itself suffici- 
ently prone to keek and kook, in every possible way, 
for a glimpse of a black story." Ayrs. Leg. p. 271. 

These terms are conjoined, to denote that the at- 
titude is frequently changed in the act of prying. 


that a more minute view of die object of scrutiny 
may, if possible, be obtained. 

KORKIR, s. A red dye, S.B. 

'' With t^e top of heath they make a yellow 
<;olour; with a red moss, growing on stones, and 
called korkir, they dye red ; with the bark of the 
alder or allar-tree they dye black." Shaw's Moray, 
p. 156. 

This is probably the same with what is called cor^^ 
colet in Shetland. Gael, corcuir, '^ red, purple, a red 
dye;" Shaw's Gael. Diet. 

ToKOWKjV.n. To reach from nausea. V.Cowk. 

KRINGLE, Cringle-bread, s, A kind of 
bread brought from Norway.] Add; 
" Those who commonly frequent this country, and 
trade with the inhabitants, are Hamburghers, and 
sometimes Bremers, and others, who^-set up booths 
or shops, where they sell liquours, as beer,' brandie, 
&;Cv and wheat-bread, as that which they call Cringel 
bread, and the like." Brand's Zetland^ p. 131. 

KuEDE, adj. Harebrwied. V. Cude, Cuid, and 


KUSTRIL, KoosTRiL, s. A foolish fellow. V. 


To EuTER, Cuter, r.n. To converse in a clandes* 
tine way, with appearance of great intimacy, S. 
" To cutter, to whisper ;" A.Bor. Grose. 


L, after broad a, as occurring in E. words, is changed 
into silent u, or tv ; as, tnaut, taut, for malt, salt, &c. 

To LAB, V. a. To beat, Loth. To lam is used in 
the same sense in vulgar E., which Mr. Herbert 
properly deduces from Isl. lamd-i, slaughtered. 
C.B. llab-iarv, to slap, to strap, to rap. 

Lab, s, a stroke, a blow, Ang.] Add ; Loth. 
C.B. Uab, a stripe, a whipping, a stroke; Owen; 

lab, ictus, Lhuyd. 

To LAB, V. a. To pitch, to toss out of the hand, 
This term expresses the act of discharging any 

thing, by bringing the hand suddenly forward, and 

keeping the arm in a vertical position ; the swing be« 

ing similar to that of a pendulum. 

Gael. lamh*a%gham, (pron. lav-) to throw, from lamh 

the hand. C.B. Uav, *' that extends, or goes out ;" 


Lab, s. The act of throwing as described above, 
ibid. Penny-staneSy quoits, &c. are smd to be 
thrown with a lab. 

To LABBER, Lebber, v. a. To soil or bespat- 
ter. A child is said to labber itself, when it does 
not take its food in a cleanly way ; Loth. 
It seems to claim the same origin with £. slabber, 

with which it is synon. 


To LABE, Lave, v. a. To lade, to lay on a 

burden ; terms used in Leadhills. 
L ABEY, 8. The Jlap or skirt of a matfs coat, 

To him his tails he quickly pu'd, 
Wi' as great haste as may be ; 
But in the trough, the cou'ter thro't 
Had burnt his new coat hbey. 
Country Smtddy,. A, ScoU's Poems, p. 68. 
V. Lebbie. 
To LABOUR, Laboure,. v. a. To plough the 
ground, to ear, S. 
" That the tennandis sail laboure & manure the said 
landis quhil the said tyme, 8t thareftir pay thar malis 
to the partijthatoptenis the landis." Act.Dom.Conc« 
A. 1479, p. 44. 

" They keeped the fields in their highland weed 
upon foot^ with swords — and other highland arms, 
and first began to rob and spuilyie the earls tenants 
who laboured their possessions of their haill goods, 
gear, insight pleni^ng," &;c. Spalding, L 4. 

" With power-^to the saidis Bailleis, counsall and 
commwnitie, to laubour and manure sic pairtis & 
portiounes of thair commountie as they sail think 
expedient," &c. Acts Cha. I. Ed. 1814, V. 576. 

This sense of the term had formerly been com- 
mon in £. 



^Itabmtre the yerthe as plowemen, or gardayners, 
or thay that haue vynes do.— TuUye prayseth the 
pastyme to labour the yerthe aboue all other exer- 
cyses." Palsgr. B. iiL F. 274^ a. 

It is a Fr. idiom ; Je laboure la terre. Ibid. F. 
128, b. 

Labouring s. Insert, as sense 1. That part of 
agricultural work which denotes the prepanu 
tion of the soil for receiving the seed, S. 

Lawboeable, adf. In a state fit for being plow- 
ed ; Fr. labourable. 
— ^' That the said four husband landis offerit, to 

hir in Gulane, wer ourdrevin with sand, and nocht 

arable nor lawborabky hot barane & waist.*' Act. 

Dom. Cone. A. 1492, p. 293, 294. 

LACHT, s. A fine or penalty ; Aberd. Reg. 
passim. V. Unlaw. 

LACHTER, s. 1. Lachter of a fowl, &c.] Add; 

Laughter, I find, is expressly given as a load term 
in E. " Laughter, laying ; as, a hen lays her laugh* 
ier, that is, all the eggs she will lay that time." Ray's 
Lett p. SSI. 
2. It is smd metaphorically of a female who goes 

beyond truth in narration. She'*s teWdane more 

than her latichter, i. e. she has made addition to 

the story C* Roxb. 

LACHTER, Laicht£b, Laucbtsb, s, 1. A 
layer, &c.J Add; 

It is used m the same sense in Galloway. A lachm 
ier of com is as much as the hand can hold. 

''I wish — the lad bairn wad tak counsel, and no lose 
time by keeking ay in the maiden's face ilka lauchter 
he lays down." Black w. Mag. Jan. 1821, p. 402. 
S. A lock ; as, a lauchter of hair, S. 
He gae to me a cuttie knife^ 
And bade me keep it as my life ; 
Three lauchlers o' his yellow hair. 
For fear we wad ne'er meet mair. 

Remains of Nithsdale Song, p. 206. 
A' that he gied me to my propine. 
Was a pair of green gloves and a gay gold ring; 
Three lauchters of his yellow hair. 
In case that we shou'd meet nae mair. 

BothrveU, Herd's Coll. i. 84. 
LAD, s. 1. One in a menial situation, S.] Add; 
" Lcui or knaue. Garcio." Prompt. Parv. 

2. A sweetheart, S.] Add, as sense 

3. A young man who is unmarried ; as, " He's no 
married yet, he^s only a tad,'^ S. 

AuLD LAD, an old batcnelor, Angus. 
LAD-BAIRN, s. A male child, S. 

When forty weeks were past and gane,^ 
This maiden had a braw lad bairn. 

HertTs Coll. ii. 149- 
" I noticed, in the course of this year, that there 
was a greater christening of lad bairns, than had ever 
bfeen in any year during my incumbency ; and grave 
and wise persons — said, that it had been long held 
as a sure prognostication of war, when the births of 
male children outnumbered that of females." Ann. 
of the Par. p. 1 80. 

To LADDER, Leddee, v. a. To apply a lad- 
der to, for the purpose of ascending, S. 
" His friends came rushing forward to ladder the 


walls and rescue him." Pitscottie, p. 191. Ed. 1814, 


LADE, Lead, Leid, Mill-labe, s.] Add; 

" Gif ony man happenis to destroy or cast down 
ane uther man's miln-dam or leid, — ^he sail be com- 
pellit to pay the awner thairof tie damnage/' &c. 
Balfour's Pract. p. 494. 

This learned lawyer seems to use the term as un^ 
derstood in his time to signify the passage which led 
to the miln. For he speaks of " ane water passage," 
which '^ cmnis, leidand and conduceand the water fra 
the dam to the miln." Ibid. p. 49S. 
LADE-MAN, Laib-man, s. 1. A man who has 

the charge of a horse-load, or of a pack-horse. 
The laid men, that persawyt weill^ 
Thai kest thair ladys doun in hy ; 
And thair gownys deliuerly. 
That heylyt thaim, thai kest away. 

The Bruce, vi. 466, Ed. 1820. 

Lade-men, Ed. 1620. 
2. The servant belonging to a miln, who has the 

charge of driving the loads to the owners, as 

well as of lifting them up, S. 
To LADEN, Laidik, v. a. To load, S. 

-— '' With power to pak and peiU,— and alss to 
lai^n and disladin the saidis merchuidice and guidis." 
Acts Cha. I. Ed. 1814, V. 580. 

Sair laidint, heavily loaded, S. This is not the 
part. pa. of the old v. Lade, for this would be laden* 
The latter, however, seems to be the root of our verb. 
V. Lodnin. 
LADENIN TIME, the time of laymg in winter 

provisions, S.] Add; 

It seems doubtful whether we ought not to derive 
this from^another Scandinavian word, which was most 
probablv of general use. Magnusen has observed that 
IsL hlada, in the most ancient speech, signified to 
slaughter or fell men or beasts. Forsbg til Forklar- 
ing over noglesteder af Ossian's Digte, p. 14. Thus 
ladenin time might be originally the same as slaugh^* 
tering time. 

• LADY, s. The title universally given, in for- 
mer times, to the wife of a landholder in Scot* 

land. It is still used in some parts of the coun« 


*' The lard, or laird, was designed from his estate- 
and his wife was lady by the same designation even 
down to modem times." Pink. Hist. Scotl. i. 35g. 
LADY-BRACKEN,*. The female fern, Dumfr., 


" Amidst the deep solitude of the moor I found 
one or two of the martyrs' grave stones, and having 
removed the heather and decayed leaves of Wy« 
bracken which covered the inscription, and having 
recited aloud ' Satan's Lamentation for Grierson of 
Lagg,' I renewed my journey." Blackw. Mag. June 
1820, p. 278. V. Bracken. 
LADY-DAY. V. Marymess. 
LADIES-FINGERS, Woodbine or Ho- 

ney-suckle, Roxb. 

In £. the name Lady'S'Finger is given to Kidney^ 
vetch, Anthyllis vulneraria. 
LADY-GARTExN-BERRIES, sipl. The fruit 

of the bramble, Teviotd. 

In Sweden the stone«bramble is denominatedyi/ii^« 

L A F 

fruhaary or Yoang Lady's berry^ and Mariahaur, or 
the Virgin Mary's berry. 

LADY-PREIN, s. The same small kind of pin 
in E. called Minikin^ Loth. ; evidently as being 
of no use but forladies in the nicer parts of dress. 
LADY'S (OUR) EL WAND, the vulgar desig. 
nation of the constellation called Orion s Girdle, 
S.B. V. Elwand. 
LADY'S (OUR) HEN, a name given to the 
lark (alauda) in Orkney. 
" There is one day in harvest^ on which the more 
iffnorant, especially in Rousa^ say, if any work the 
ndges will blood Qbleedj]. The Lark some caU Our 
Lady'f Hen, And some such Popish drc^s are to be 
found." Brand's Orkn. p. 6l . 

I need scarcely add, that this name has been con« 
ferred in compliment to the Virgin Mary. V. Lan- 

L ADRONE, Laydbon, Lathebin, s. A lazy 
knave, S.] Add; 

But Maggy wha fu' well did ken^ 
The lurking lathering meaning. 
Put a' the lads upo' the scent. 
An' bade them stanch their greening. 

Davidson's Secuons, p. 90. 
LADYLOVE, s. A name given by the coun- 
try girls in Aberdeens. to Southernwood. V. 


LAD.W£AN,«. A man-child, S. 
I hae nocht left me ava, 
Ochon, ochon> ochrie. 
But bonny orphan lad-weans twa^ 
To seek their bread wi me. 

Jaoobite Relics, il. 175. 
LAFF Y, adi. Soft, not pressed together ; as, 
Ic^ hay, hay that has not been trodden into a 
compact mass; a Iq^feaiheT bed, &a, Lanarks. 
Teut. /!^flaccidu89*Kilian. Isl. Iqfe denotes what 
is loose in a certain sense^ being applied to what hangs 
in this state; pendulus lacer sum; whence heflif* 
ciniae pendulae ; G. Andr. 
LAFT, s. A floor, always as distinguished from 
the ground floor, S. 
Mair elegant than thine my Iqfis are found. 

A. Soottf Poems 1811, p. 11. 
3. A gallery, S. 

<« I-^observed a peeress from her seat in the front 
of the Iqfi opposite to me, speaking vehemently to 
a fat lord at Uie table below." Steam-Boat, p. 220. 

Su.G. Mi, superior oontignatio; C.B. 11^, id. 
LAFT, Loft, s. The fitness of any soil to re- 
c^ve one species of seed, or produce one kind 
of grain, in preference to another ; the actual 
state of ground in relation to agricultural pur- 
poses ; as, ^^ That land^s in fine Iqft for aits,^ 
1. e. oats ; Loth. Tid and Phf may be viewed 
as synon. terms. 

In one of the oldest copies of Tak your auld cloak 
dboui you, the sixth verse is thus given : 
It's ilka land has its ain Iqjft, 

Ilk kind of com has its ain hool ; 
I think the warld be gane daft. 
When ilka wife her man wald rule. 
In Thomson's Select Collection, vol. iii. laugh is 
the word used; in Pinkerton's Comic Ballads ii« 110^ 



lough. In both the third line does not rhyme with 
the first ; 

I think the warld is a' run wrang. 

If lajl be not the original word, lauch seems to 
have die best claim, as signifying law or custom* 

Dan. Utv^ aptare ; saette i lave, componere, dispo- 
nere; Baden. 

LAG, ad/. " Slumsh, slow, tardy. It is out of 
use, but retainedin Soothtnd ;^ Johns. 
Sinkin wi' care we aften fag ; 
Strummin about a gill we're lag. 
Syne dtowny hum. 

Tarras's Poems, p, 132. 
LAGAB AG, «. The hindmost or last, Fife ; 

apparently from lag and aback. 
LAGENE, Laogen, s, L. The projecting part 
of the staves, &c.] Add to etymon ; 
IsL hegg is defined in the same manner ; Termi- 
nus fundi, seu incisura, qua fundus cum corpore va- 
sis constructi coit; G. Andr. p. l60. Margo, vel in- 
cisura vasis lignei a fundo ; Haldorson. 
To Lagen, Laggen, v. a. To repair the laggen, 
of a vessel, CI ydes. 

Isl. lagg^, fundum per incisuras aptare vasi lig- 
neo; Haldorson. 
Lagen-gird, s. a hoop, &c.] Add : 

— " Bodie I' addressing the fiddler, ' ye'U souk the 
laggen'gird off the quaigh, and mar your minstrelsy 
and our mirth." BUckw. Mag. Jan. 1821, p. 407. 
LA6GERIT, /)ar/.p». l.Bemired,&c. S.J Addi 
This word oppears m a more primitive rorm in 
O.E. '' Lagged or bedrabelyd. Labefactus. Paludo- 
sus." Prompt. Parv. 

LAY, #. The slay of a loom, S.] Add; 
His loom, made o' stout aiken rungs. 

Had sair't him saxty simmer, 
Tho' his lang lay, wi' fearfu' Amgs, 
Shook a' Uie roofing tim'er. 

A. Wilson's Poems 1790, p. 200. 
To LAY, V. o. To smear or salve sheep with a 
mixture of tar and butter, Stirlings., Roxb. 
'^ It was, till of late, the almost universal practice 
tolay or smear the whole stock with an ointment com- 
posed of butter and tar." Agr. Surv. Stid. p. ^95. 
Laying-time, s. The season when shepherds 
besmear their sheep with butter and tar, to guard 
them agiunst the cold of winter, Roxb. 
This is about the beginning of November. The 
term is formed, I suppose, from the circumstance of 
their laying this mixture on the skins of the sheep. 

To LAY BY, V. a. This »., indeed, is used in 
two forms. " He has laid himsell by wi' o'^er 
muckle wark,^ he has so overdone himself by 
improper exertion, that he is laid up.*" *^ He^s 
lata by^ he is confined by ailment, S. 
To LAY DOWN, to sow out in grass, S. 

*^ It is a prodigious error to overcrop ground, be- 
fore laying xKdown with grass-seeds." Maxwell's Sel* 
Trans, p. 52. 
To LAY Gowj), to embroider. 

And ye maun leam my gay goss hawk 

To weild baith bow and brand ; 
And I sail learn your turtle dow 
To lay gowd wi' her hand. 

Pause Foudrage^ Minstrelsy Border, ii. 85. 



To LAY IN, V. a. To throw back into the state 

of a oommon, to put into a waste state. 

m-^." Ordinis thatt all persones quha hes teillit, lau- 
bourity sawin^ parkit^ &c. ony pairt or portioun of 
his maiesteis commoun mures or vtheris commoun- 
tei8,«*within yeir & day eftir the said tryell laif in 
the samyn commounteis agane." Acts Ja. VI. 1600^ 
Ed. 1814, p. 228. 
To LAY ON, V. a. To give blows.] Jdd; 

" Gif the master [of a ship]] layis on his men, and 
gevis ony of thame ane buffet with his neif* or with 
his palme, he sail pay vii d. Bot gif he strikes him 
mair, he that is strucken may turn and strike agane." 
Ship Lawis, Balfour's Praet p. 627- 

It was^ however, anciently used in £. in the same 
manner. '* I lave vpon one, I beate hym or bunche 
hym.— -^he layaevpon hym lyke a maulte sacke, and 
the poore boye durste nat ones quytette." Palsgr. 
R iii. F. 274, b* 
To LAY ON, V. impers. To rain, to hail, to snow, 

heavily ; as, " It's lavin^ on d* mawi^ S.O. 
To LAY TILL one^ to allot, to ordain. ** La/id till 

her^ fated that she should *" Gl. Antiquary. 
To LAYCH, V. n. To linger, to delay.] Add; 

^'Latche or tariynge. Mora. Tarditas." Prompt Parv. 
LAICH, Layche (gutt), ad/. Low ia situa- 
tion. V. Laigh, adf. 
Laich, s. a hollow. V. Laigh, s. 
LAICH of a coU. 

" Item, fy ve ellis and thre quarters of frent daith 
of gold reinyeit with blak, contening in the haill to 
fy ve litle peces, a half of the laicA of a coit thairin 
contenit, figurit with scaillis.— The cUith of gold wes 
employit Feb. 1566, and the kiich of the coit deli- 
verit in Jan. 1566." Inventories, A. 1561, p. 149* 

JLaich seems to be the san^e with Laik, q. v., as here 
signifying cloth in general. Halfoftfie latch of a coit, 
''half as much doth as is necessary lor making acoat."' 
LAID, 8. People, the same with Leidy Lede. 
Gif thow meitis ony laid lent on the ling. 
Gar thame boan to this burgh, I tell th6 mine 
intent Rauf Coifyear, B. iij. 6. 

Those writers, who were so fpnd of alliteration as 
the aujthor of this tale, often paid little attention to 
die sense of terms which they used. The phrase fol- 
lowing, lent on the ling, may however signify, dweir 
ling, or tarrying, on the heath. 
Laidgallon, a vessel for containing liquids. 

" The air sail haue— the best brewing leid, the- 
mask-fat, with tub, barreUis, and laidgtdlon." Bal«. 
four's Practicks, p. 234, also 235. 

Although this term seems to be now quite obso-. 
lete, it is evidently given by Balfour as the tran^k^- 
tion of Lagenamy the word used in our Leg. Burg, 
c 125. $ 1. It denotes either fi flagon, or a measure 
of four sextarU, i.. e. six pints. It may perhaps be 
allied to Germ, and Dan. lade, Su.G. Icida, area, ds- 
ta, theca. LB. lad-tis is expL, Spedes vasis^Du Cange.^ 
Laid drain, a drain in which the stones are^ 

80 laid as to form a regular opening for the. 

water to pass, S. 

" If a stream of running water, or small fountain, 
enters at the top, and runs along the whole course of 
the drain, it is generally found adviseable to use a 
laid drain, i. e. a row of -stones laid on Q|ch side, with^ 


an opening of from sue to ten inches between them, 

and -a course of flat stones laid above these." Agr. 

Surv. Aberd. p. 426. 

LAIDIS, s. pi. 

But he may ruse him of his ryding. 
In London for his longsome byding. 
Thair Holieglas begane his gaidis. 
As he was learned amangis the laidis. 
LegendBp. St. Androis,Poemsl6th Cent. p. 329. 
Either, among the people, for Jedig ttom Leid ; or, 

in the languages^ as Leid also signifies. V. Leid, s., 

2. and 3. 

LAID-MAN, s, V. Lade-man. 
LAIDNER, s. 1. A larder, S. V. Ladxaire. 
2. A winter^s stock of provisions, East of Fife ; a 
secondary use of the term. 

LAIDNING,*. Ladinff, freight, S. Aberd. Reg, 
L AIFF, Laypf, a The remainder. V. Lafe. 
LAIF SOUNDAY, Leif soukday, Law son- 

*' And becaus thai half bene sa lang out of vse of 
making of wapinschawing, it is thocht expedient that 
the samin be maid thrise for the first yeire : And the 
first tyme to be one the mome eftir Laif Soundittf nixt 
tecum." Acts Ja. V. 1540, Ed. 1814, p. 362. 

*^ And becaus it is vnderstand that thir wapnls 
& hames may nocht be completlie gottin at the first 
wapinschawing, that is to say, cme the moi-ne eftir 
li^ Sounday nixt tocum, th^rfo^ it is dispensit be 
the kingis grace at thai mak thar schawingis & mon* 
stouris with sic harness and wapnis as thai half," &c. 
Ibid. p. S6S. 

In both passages Law Sonday occurs in Ed. 1566, 
foL 130, b. 131, b. Law Sunday, Skene's Ed. 

This term must have been still more obscure than 
it is, had it appeared merely, as in old editions. Law 
Sonday. Even the form of Leif Sounday would scarce- 
ly have led to the origin. It would seem that the edi« 
tors of £d. 1566 had taken a liberty very common 
with their successors in Andro Hart's time, of sub«. 
stituting their own conjectural emendations, when 
they did not understand a MS., or of using a term,, 
which they supposed might be more intelligible, in*, 
stead of one nearly obsolete. Leisom, A.S. ge-'leafium, 
aqd le^ul, being often used as equivalent to lawful; 
they had thought proper to convert LqfSounday in 
MS. into Law Sonday, as well as monstourismXjo moU'^^ 

Laif Sounday is undoubtedly q. '* Loaf-Sunday." 
A considerable difiiculty remains, however. The 
name would correspond with that oi Lammas, in A.S^ 
hlqf-maesse, festum priraltiarum, panis vel frumen* 
tationis festum. V. Somner, and Hickes Thesaur. 
i» 2 1 0. But this does not quadrat^ with the times ap- 
pointed for these weapgntakes. 

Another passage in the Records, in which the term 
appears in the form of Law Sonday goes further to 
fix the time. 

— " Vpoun the quhilk sevint day of Januar thay sail 
sitt down, and sittdaylie, except vpoun the Sonday, 
but ony vacance at Fasterisewin, quhill Palme*son-. 
day ewin indusiu^, and than ryiss and haue vacance 
quhill the nixt Mononday efter the Law Sonday, vp- 
oun the quhilk Mononday thay sail siU doun, and sitt 
daylie, e}(ce]gt on the Sonday, without ony vacance 



at WitBonday^ quhill the said tent day of Julij." Acts 
Ja VL 1578, Ed. 1814, p. 104. 

Palme Sonday is the Sunday before Easter, which 
is the Sunday after the first full moon that follows 
the 21st of March. Law Sonday must therefore be 
between the end of March and Whitsunday. 

The first Sunday after Easter, or Dies Dominicus 
in Albis, is called by the English Law Sunday ; Ma- 
reschall, Observ. in Vers. A.S. p. 5S5, This circum- 
stance, indeed, can throw no light on our subject, un- 
less we could suppose that the reading of Ed. 1566 
were the genuine one. But the origin of the £. de- 
signation seems as obscure as that of Laif Sounday, 
A.S. hlaerve, E. low, loo, are expl. by Somner, after 
Dugdale, as denoting the " heaps of earth to be found 
in all parts of England," and pointing out the " way 
of buriall used of the ancients." But we cannot sup- 
pose that this day had originally received its name 
from the circumstance of our Lord's having left the 
grave, because this was not on the Jlrst Sunday after 
Easter, but on Easter itself. 

LAY-FITTIT, adj. Having the sole of the 
foot quite plain or flat, without any spring in it, 
and also much turned out, Fife, Loth. Sdeetin^ 
Jittit^ Caithn. 

This is viewed as corresponding with E. Splay^ 
footed, as given by Bailey, " One who treads his toes 
much outward." 

The superstitious view it as ail evil omen, if the 
first ft, i. e. the first person who calls, or who is met, 
in the beginning of the New Year, or when one sets 
out on a journey, or engages in any business, should 
happen to be lay-fttit. 

To LAIG, V, n. To talk loudly and foolishly, 

Isl. legg'ia ^, veredice aut fatidic^ imprecare. But 
it maybe allied to liue^a menttri; or to leik^a illudere. 
LAIG AN, s. A Targe quantity of any liquid, 

Gael, lochan, C.B. laguen, alittlepool or lake. V. Locr. 
LAIGH, Laich, s. Flat, low part, S.B.] Sub^ 

stitute; — 1. A hollow, S. 
2. A plat of low-lying ground, S. 

'^ The faughs (here including low wet lands, called 
laighs, and burnt lands,) vary from four to ten shil- 
lings, in new leases, and are perhaps eight shillings 
at a medium.'* Agr. Surv, Aberd. p. 172. 

A burn ran in the laigk, ayont there lay 
As mony feeding on 9ie other brae. 

Rosses Helaiore, p. 47- 
*' All the low fields that have been taken in, either 
from mosses or marshes, go under the general name 
of laighs." Surv. Banlfs. App. p. 72, 73. 

In an account of marches, this term occurs about 
1 450. 

— " Swa passand eist downwart to the greyn laigh 
to Gemylis myr, and fra that passand down our awn 
landis, the laif beand in commohe." Chart. Abet- 
broth. Fol. 79- 
ToLaicheXjI^.a. Tolower,in whatever way, S.O. 

Teut. leegk^en demittere, deprimere. 
Laighness, 8. Lowness, S. 
LAYIS, s. The alloy mixed with gold or sil- 
ver.! Add; 


The correspondent term in L.B. is lig-a, which Du 
Cange defines, Monetarum in metallo probitas a lege 
requisita ac definiu. Gall, loi, aloi, Ital. lega, — Quod 
fierent denarii, — sub forma & ctinho ac remediis ligae 
& ponderis sibi concessis in opere monetarum. Corn- 
put A. 1 SSg. This definition, however, does not give 
a clear idea of the meaning of the word. In the 
quotation, the phrase Remediis Ligae is equivalent to 
our Remeid, q. v. 

Lex, in the Lat of the middle ages, was used in the 
same sense. It is expl. in the very same terms as 
I^ig^s by Du Cange. V. Lex, col. 158. 

LAIE, Laike, s. 1. A stake at play, S.] Add 
to etymon ; 

To the same origin must we trace the v. " to Lake, 
to play ; a word common to all the North country/' 
Ray's Coll. p. 42. This v. Skinn. deduces, without 
any probability, from A.S. plaeg-an ludere, or Belg. 
lach-en ridere. Ray more properly refers to Dan. 
leeg-er to play. This is radically the same with the 
Isl. etymon already given. Hence leeg play ; Wolff*. 
Laykyng, s. Play ; applied to justing. 

Ramsay til hym coym in hy. 

And gert hym entre. Swne than he 
Sayd, ' God mot at yhoure laykyng be !' 
Syne sayd he, ' Lordis, on qwhat manere 
' Will yhe ryn at this justyng here ?' 

Wyntown, viii. S5. 7<5. V. Laik, s. S. 

LAIK, s. 

-i-" All & haill the salmond fischeing — within the 
watter of Annane — with all vtheris garthis, puUis, 
haldis, laikis, and nettis, &c. The salmond fischeing 
— of Cummertreis — with all vtheris skarris, drauch- 
tis, hauldis, laikeis, and nettis within the boundis 
abonewrittin." Acts Ja. VI. I6O9, Ed. 1814, p. 432. 
LAYME, Leem, adj. Earthen. 

" As the fyire preiffis and schawls the layme ves- 
sellis maid bfe ane pottar, sa temptatioun of troubil 
preiflBs & schawls iust men." Abp. Hamiltoun's Ca- 
techisme, Fol. 1 87> b. In definition del. ware. 

"Are we not God's leerh, vessels ? and yet when they 
Cast us over an house we are not broken in sheards. 
Ruth. Lett. P. i. ep. 48. 

** Item the figure of ane doig maid quhite laym. 
Inventories, A. 156l, p. 158. 

'* Next that heauenly treasure the gospell, that is, 
the vnsearchable riches of Jesus Christ, care (I say) 
should be had of the Udme vessell, wherein it is cort- 
tain^d. 2 Cor. 4. 7. A man is but a laime vessell, 
iVherein the Lord puts so rich a treasure." Rollock 
on 2 Thes. p. 121. V. Lame. 
LAYN, 8. 

" Item ane bed of layn sewit with silk of divers 
buUouris garnisit with thre curtenis and with thi'e 
uther litle peces and the heidpece of the same." In- 
ventories, A. 15f)l, p. 150. 

Fr. laine denotes wool. But the bed here described, 
as belonging to Q. Mary, would scarcely correspond 
^vith tliis idea, for it was deemed of such value, as to 
be kept in a coffer of silk. V. Cammes. I therefore 
view it as signifying lawn ; the same with Layne, q. v. 

LAING, 8. A small ridg-e of land, as distin- 
guished from Skjfiy which signifies a broad 
ridge; Orkni 



L A I 

To LAING, V. n. To move with long steps, 

Fife ; the same with Lingy q. v. 
LAY-POKE, s. The ovarium of fowls, S. ; sy- 

non. Egg-bed. 
LAIR, Lar£, s, a mire, a bog, S.; Hence^ , 

springs where one is apt to sink, Perths. 
Saw you my ewes ? How feed they ? weel or ill ? 
Did ony, in a far-fetched winding turn, 
G>me near the lairy springs, or cross the bum ? 

Donald and Flora, p. I9. 
LAIR, s. A laver, corruptly for lawer^ with 

which it is evidently the same. 

" 1 basing and lair, with aipis, wormes, and ser- 
pentis.— Twa brokin coveris in form oflan>eris. Five 
platis. Ane latver gilt. Ane lawer with a cowp and 
a cover of copper ennamallit.*'' Inventories, A. 1562, 
p. 158. 

LAIR, 3. Learning, education. V. Lare. 
LAIRACH (gutt), s. The site of a building, 

Banffs. V. Lerroch. 
LAIRBAR, Labbar, «.] Add ; 

Isl. lar^a debilitare. 
LAIRD, Labde, s, 1. A lord, &c.] Add; 

Mr. Pinkerton also observes ; '' A lord and a lard 
are the same, and the Latin only admitted dominus 
far either. 

'' The lesser barons or lairds, corresponding with 
the English lords of manors, form such a singular 
and amphibious classs, in the Scottish parliament, 
that they excite curiosity and disquisition."^-^' In 
England the baron was a lord, a peer : in Scotland he 
was only a laird, a man of landed property." History 
of Scotland, i. 359, 363. 

Wedderburn in his Vocab. knew no other Lat. word 
corresponding to ours. " Dominus, a Laird;" p. 11. 

Lord and Lauerd are used, &c. 

Insert before etymon, col. 2. after 1. 39 ; 

In confirmation of what has been said in regard to 
the restriction of this term to one who held of the 
crown, we may quote the authority of Sir G. Macken« 
zie. *' And this remembers me of a custom in Scot- 
land, which is but gone lately in dissuetude, and that 
is, that such as did hold their lands of the Prince were 
called Lairds; but such as held their lands of a sub- 
ject, though they were large, and their superiourvery 
noble, were only called Gwd-men, from the old French 
word Bonne homme, which was the title of the master 
of the family; and therefore such fews as had a ju- 
risdiotion annext to them, a barrony, as we call it, do 
ennoble: for barronies are establisht only by the 
Princes erection or confirmation." Science of He- 
raldry, p. 13, 14. Add, as sense 
4. The proprietor of a house, or.of more houses 

than one, S. 
Laibdship, s. An estate.] Add; 

Sir Thomas Urquhart by Uiis term expl. Fr. cAa^' 

" We have with the help of God conquered all the 
land of th&Dipsodes. I will give thee the chastelleine, 
or lairdship of Salmigondin." Rabelais, B. ii. p. 214. 

" Mr. Andrew Murray, minister of Ebdie, having 
been, by David viscount Stormont, preferred to the 
lairdship of Balvaird ; and afterwards, in the year 



1633, knighted by his majesty, was now maid lord 
Balvaird." Guthrey's Mera. p. 105. 

" A lairdship is a tract of land with a mansion 
house upon it, where a gentleman hath his residence ; 
and the name of that house he is distinguished by." 
Defoe's Journey through Scotl. p. 4. 

This sKort passage affords different proofs of the 
inaccuracy of the ideas even of those who are near 
neighbours. For an estate is called a lairdship, not 
only when the proprietor is non-resident, but though 
there should be no mansion-house on it ; and often 
the name of the estate is quite different from that of 
the mansion-house. 
Laiedie, s. a small proprietor ; a diminutive 

from Luirdy S. 

— r " Our norland thristles winna pu'. 
For a wee bit German lairdie. 

Jacobite Relics, i. 84. 
LAIR-IGIGH,*. The name of a bird, Sutherl. 

" Ther is grqat store of — dowes, steeres or stir- 
lings, lair-igigh or knag (which is a foull lyk vnto a 
parroket, or parret, which maks place for her nest 
with her beck in the oak.trie,)duke,draig, widgeon, 
teale, wild gouse, ringouse, routs, whaips, shot- 
whaips, woodcok, larkes, sparrowes, snyps, blak- 
burds or osills, meweis [[mavice]]L thrushes, and all 
other kinds of wildfoule or birds, which ar to be 
had in any pairt of this kingdome." Sir R. Gordon's 
Hist. Sutherl. p. 3. 

The description of this bird resembles that of the 
Woodpecker. This term, in a quotation from the 
same work, Agr. Surv. Sutherl. p. I69, is undoubt** 
edly misprinted Lairjligh, 
LAIR-SI LUEtt, s. Apparently, money for 

education ; Aberd. Reg. A. 1543 ; or perhaps 

the dues paid for a grave ; ibid. Cent. 16. 
LAIR-STANE, s. A tomb-stone, Aberd. 

From Lair, sense 3. a burying place. 
LAIT, Layte, &c.,tf. 1. Manner.] Add; 

3. Lait is still used to denote a pracUce, habit, or 
custom, Border. lU laits is a common phrase 
in Angus for ^< bad customs."^ 

Thus gaed they on wf deavin din,— 
Coost up auld hits o* kith an' kin. 
An* did like gypsies cow ither. 

A^ Scott's Poems, p. 15^ 
But if for little rompish laits 
I hear that thpu a pandy gets, 
Wi' patience thou maun bear the brunt. 

Ibid. p. 12. 
^ Addy as sense 

4. A trick. It is used in this sense in the South 
of S.,^nerally with ^ adj. prefixed ; as, ill laits, 
mischievous tricks. 

To Lait, v. n. To personate.] Add ; 

Isl. laet'a is used preci9ely in the saoie sense ; si- 
mulare, Haldorson. 
Laitless, adj. Uncivil,, unmannerly, unbecom* 

ing, Ettr. For. 

*' Richt laithe to lay ane laitless finger on her, I 
brankyt in myne gram." Hogg's Wint. Tales, ii. 42., 

From S. Lait manner, and the negative less. 
To LAIT, V. a. To allure, to entice ; an qld 

word, Teviotdale. 



Isl. lei-'ia dissuadere^ dehortari ; iad^a, allicere^ 
Olav. Lex. Runic* 
To LAIT, V, a. A term used to denote the mode 

of reducing the temper of iron or steely when it 

is too hard. This is done by heating it, S. 

Isl. lai flexibilitas. V. Late^ Leet> f . 
To LAITH ai, v. a. To loath, to have a dis- 
gust at, Fife ; synon. Ugy Scunner^ S. 

A.S. lath-tan, detestari. 
Latth, Lathe, s, A loathing, a disgust ; a word 

of pretty general use, S. 

A.S. laeihlke, odium, ''hatred, envy, loathing," 
Somner. La/A^inimicitia; Lye. Isl.Zeu/e,fa8tidium; 
Sw. leda, loathing. As A.S. lath primarily signifies 
malum, and only in a secondary acceptation inimi- 
citia ; the same thing may be observed of Germ, leid, 
deduced from leid-en, laedere, to. injure. Hence 
Wachter observes ; A leid fit leiden pati malum, et 
leiden aversari malum. The connexion is very strik- 
ing. For what is disgust, but aversion from some* 
thing that either is, or is supposed to be, evil ? 
Laitheakd, cuy. Detestable, loathsome. 

*' Tliocht nathing apperit mair sikker than haisty 
and dangerus weris approcheand be' the Tarquinis; 
yet the samin wes mair laitheand than it semit" Bel- 
lend. T. Liv. p. 1 10. Id quod non timebant, Lat 

A.S. lailuvend, odiosus, infestus, invisus. 
Laithfow, o^'. 2. Shy of accepting an invita- 
tion to eat, &c.] Add; 

It may be subjoined, that laithfow includes the ides 
of great abstemiousness in eating, after an invitation 
has been accepted ; lest one should seem to abuse 
discretion^ or, (to use the term contrasted with it,) 
seem to be menseless. 

1 hesitate much, whether Bums did not use the 
term in this very sense, in the passage quoted above 
under sense 1. as this acceptation is very common in 
the West of S., and as the passage refers to their sit-' 
ting at table ; for it follows : 

The cheerfu* supper done, &c. 
S. Disgustful, loathsome, Moray. 
Laithly, Laidly, o^'. 1. Loathsome, kc,']Add; 

A lascivious person is commonly designed " a 
laidlif lown," Ang. But it seems very doubtful whe- 
ther this be radically the same word. 
L AITHERIN, parf . 2?r. Lazy, loitering, Perths.; 

apparently the same with Ladrone, q. v. 
LAITHLOUNKIE, adj. A term applied to one 

who is dejected or chopfallen, Ayrs. ; synon. 

DowTV-t-the-mouth^ S. 

The origin is quite uncertain. Lailh may here 
have its ordinary meaning, like £. lalh, Teut. lonck" 
en signifies, retortis oculis tueri, q. to look askance. 
To LAI VE, V, (U To throw water by means of 

a vessel, or with the hand, S. 

Tliis is very nearly allied to one sense of E. lave. 
But it properly signifies to lade, to throw out what 
is useless, redundant, or threatens danger. This, 
however, respects the terminus ad quern ; as in /aiv- 
ing water on linens that they may be bleached, laiv" 
ing it on the face to recover from a swoon, &c. 
* LAKE, 8, A small stagnant pool, Roxb.; Lock 

is always used in the same district, to denote a 

large body of water. 


This corresponds with the general sense of A.S. 
lac, laca, as signifying stagnum, " a standing pool ;" 

To LAKE flrf, v.a. 1. Expl. « To give heed 
to ; used always with a negative, as. He never 
lakit at ity He gave no he«l to it ;^ Orkn. 
2. « To give credit to, to trust ;'' ibid. 

There must be some obliquity in the use of this 
phrase, or a deviation from the primary signification 
of the radical term. It may probably be conjectured 
that at first it was used in a positive form. " He 
lakit at it ;" as allied to Isl. laeck-a deprimere ; Teut 
laeck-en, cHminuere, detraherealicui; Belg. laak-en^to 
slight, to despise : q. '' so far from giving credit or 
heed to it, he treated it Ughtly." 

LAKIE, s. Irregularity in the tides.] Add; 

Probably allied to Isl. loka^raum, minimus ae9« 
tus maris, q. a very small flow, a neap-tide. 
LALIE, s. A child's toy, Shetl. 

Isl. lalle puellus, a boy, when making his first at- 
tempts to walk out ; G. Andr. 

LALL, s. An inactive, handless person, Ayrs. ; 

viewed as carrying the idea of incapacity for 

work farther than Taxopie. 

Isl. lall-a, lente gradi, G. Andr. ; aegre ambulare, 
Haldorson. Hence, lall, the first use that children 
make of their feet ; lalli, one who walks about in a 
tottering way. Su.G. loUa, femina fatua, inepta. 
Ihre remarks the affinity of Gr. Barb. Xttx-lt, stolidus. 
The £. v. to loU seems to have a common fountain^ 

LALLAN, adf. Belonging to the Lowlands c^ 
Scotland, S. 

Far aff our gentles for their poets flew. 
And flcorn'd to own that Lallan sangs they knew. 

A. Wilson's Poems 1816, p. 40. 

To LAMB.] Add; 

" As for the sheep, I take them to be little less 
than they are in many places of Scotland ; they lamb 
not so soon as with us, for at the end of May their 
lambs are not come in season.** Brand's Zetl. p. 7^- 
Lambie, Lammie, s. 1. A young lamb, S. 

2. A fondling term for a lamb, without respect to 
its age, S. 

For tweesh twa hillocks the poor lambie lies. 

Boss's Helenore, p. 14. 

3. A darling, S. 

I held her to my beating heart. 
My young, my. smiling lammie ! 

MacneilTs Poems, ii. 84. 
LAMB'S TONGUE.] R. Com mint, S. Mentha 

arvensis, Linn. 
Lame, adj. Earthen, &c. S.] Add; 

** Capedo, capedinis, a lame vessel." Despaut. 
Gram. B. 8, a. 

To LAME> V. a. To prepare wool by drawing, 

1st l^^t segmen semifractum, laum lamina ; G. 
Andr. Lam^a debilitare, frangere. 

LAMENT, s. 1. A sort of elegiac composition) 

in memory of the dead, S. 

Hence the title of one of Dunbar^s Poems, " Lm* 
fnent for the Deth of the Makkaris." Bann. Poems, p.74. 
Sr, The music to which such a composition is set^ S* 



" They delighted in the warlike high-tcmed notes 
of the bagpipes^ and were particularly charmed with 
solemn and melancholy airs or Laments (as they call 
them) for their deceased friends." Col. Stewart's 
Sketches^ L 84. 
LAMER, *. A thong, Teviotdale. 

O.Teut. Uimme, /bnmer^impedimentum^might seem 
allied, a thong being used as a mode of restraint. 
LAMITER,*. A cripple.] Jdi ; 

" Though ye may think him a lamUer, yet, grippie 
for grippie, friend. 111 wad a wether he'll gar the 
blade spin frae under your nails." Tales of my 
Landlord, i. 338. 

" The Z>«9im/^« of Edinburgh and its vicinity are 
respectfully informed that a festival will be cele« 
brated by Uie Ready-tOi^alt Fraternity, at McLean's 
Hotel, FVince's Street, on Thursday next, the 14th 
ai September. All such Cripples and LamUers as 
wish to consociate and dine together will please give 
in their names at the Hotel before the 1 4th instant. 
No Procenkm. W. T. Secretary. 

Caledonian Merc. S^^ 9, 1820. 
Laxiter, adf. Lame, Ayrs. 

*^ What few elements of education— she had ao« 
quired were chiefly derived from Jenny Hirple, a 
iameter woman." The Entail, i. 95. 
LAMMAS FLUDE or SPATE, the heavy fall 

of rain which generally takes place some time in 

the month of August, causing a swell in the 

waters, S. 

'' Lamtnas Spates, those heavy falls of rain, com- 
mon about Lammas." GalL Encycl. 
LAMMER, Lamer, s. Amber, S.] Add; 

" Bedis IHbeads] <^ correll & lammer" Aberd. 
Reg. A. 1548, V. 20. 

As amber, when heated, emits an agreeable odour; 
the custom of wearing a necklace of amber, which was 
finrmerly so common, and is not yet extmct among 
old women — in our country, is attributed to this cir- 
comstance. In olden time, the present made by a 
mother to her daughter on the night of her marriage^ 
was a set of lammer beads, to be worn about her 
neck, that, from the influence of the bed*heat on the 
amber, she might smell sweet to her husband. 

It is not improbable that it was originally used as 
a charm. The ancients, at least, viewed it as effica^ 
cious in this way. Though Pliny takes no notice 
of its connuhial virtue, he admits its agreeable odour ; 
observing that '^ the white is most redolent, and 
smels best" A little downwards, he adds ; " True 
it is, that a collar of ambre beads wome about the 
neck of yong infants, is a singular preservative unto 
them against secret poyson & a countercharme for 
witchcraft and sorcerie. Callistratus saith, that such 
collars are very good for all ages, and namely to 
preserve as many as wearethem against fantasticall il- 
lusions and frights that drive folke out of their wits." 
Nat Hist B. 37, c. 3. Transl. by Holland. 
Lammer, Lahour, adj. Of or belonging to am- 
ber, S. 

** Dinna ye think puir Jeanie's een wi' the tears in 
them glanced like lamour beadsi" Heart M. Loth. 
L 332. 

A learned friend suggests that S. Lammer may be 
from Fr. f ambre, id. 

Vol. I. 41 

Lammer-wiks,^. Amberwine, Clydes. 

*^ This imaginary liquor was esteemed a sort of 
elixir of immortality, and its virtues are celebrated 
in the following infallible recipe. 

Drink ae coup o' the lammer'fvine. 

An' the tear is nae mair in your e'e. 
An' drink twae coups o' the lammer- wine. 

Nae dule nor pine ye'll dree. 
An' drink three coups o' the lammer-wine. 

Your mortal life's awa. 
An' drink four coups o' the lammer-wine, 

Ye'll turn a fairy sma'. 
An' drink five coups o' the lammar-wine, 

O* joys ye've rowth an' wale. 
An' drink sax coups o' the lammer-winci 

Ye'll ring ower nill and dale. 
An' drink seven coups o' the lammer-wine. 

Ye may dance on the milky way. 
An' drink aught coups o' the lammer-wine. 

Ye may ride on the fire-flaught blae. 
An' drink nine coups o' the lammer wine^ 

Your endday ye'U ne'er see ; 
An* the nicht is gane, an' the day has come 
Will never set to thee." 
Marmoiden <f Clyde, Edin. Mag. May 1820, p. 452. 
Among all the properties, according to Pliny, as* 
cribed by the ancients to amber, this of conferring 
immortality seems to have been totally unknown. 

LAMMERMOOR LION, a sheep, Loth. 

" You look like a Lammermoor lyon," — S. Prov. 
**Lammermoor is a large sheep walk in the east of Scot- 
land. The English say. An Essex Lyon." Kelly, p. 380. 
Lammie. v. Lambib. 
Lammib sourocks, the herb sorrel, Teviotd. 

Analogous perhaps to the £. name of Sheep's-sor- 
rel, given to the Rumex acetosella ; q. Lamb's-sorrel. 

This is in fact the IsL name, lamba^'Surat rumez 
foliis acutis ; Haldorson. 
L AMOO, e. Any thing that b easily swaQowed, 

&c.] Jdd; 

It may be doubted, whether this phrase has not4i 
reference to Lamb's wool, in another sense than that 
which would occur at first sight '' The Waeeei 
Bowl," says Warton, ^^ is Shakspeare's Gossip's BowK 
The composition was ale, nutmeg, sugar, toast, and 
roasted crabs or apples. It was also called JjEunb's 
Wool" Edit of Milton, 1785, p. 51. PolwhiU, in his 
Old English Gentleman, p. 11 7i speaking of the bowl 
drunk at the New Year, says ; 

It welcomed wiiti Lamb's Wool the rising year. 

Valiancy, in his usual mode, gives this an Irish. 
origin. " The first day of November was dedicated 
to me angel presiding over fruits, seeds, &c., and was 
therefore named La Mas ribhdl, that is, the day of 
the apple fruit, and being pronounced Lamasool, the 
English have corrupted the name to Lamb's^WoolU* 
Collect De Reb. Hib. iiL 459. 

To LAMP, V. n. To take long steps.] Jdd ; 

" It was all her father's own fault, that let her run 
lamping about the country, riding on bare-backed 
nags, and never settling to do a turn of work within 
doors, unless it were to dress dainties at dinner*time 
for his ain kyte." Monastery, iii. 205. 
Lampin Tibbie Deemster saw us 
Tak a kindly kiss or twa ; 




Syne awa she bang'd to blaw ub, 
Mummling what she heard an' saw. 

Remains Nilhsd. and Gall, Song, p. 104. 
Fowk frae every door came lamping, 
Maggy curst them ane and a'. 

A. Wilson' t Poems 181 6, p. 9- 
Lamp, s. A long and heavy step, Lanarks. ; sy- 

non. Bladj Dumfr. 
Lamper, s. One who takes long and heavy steps, 

LAMPEft EEL, a lamprey, Galloway. 

'' Lamper eels — common in spring wells during 
summer." Gall. Encycl. V. Rampar eel. 

LAMPET, Lempet, 8, A limpet, &c.] Add; 
« He — stuck like a lamp^ to a rock — a perfect 
double of the Old Man of the Sea, who I take to have 
been' the greatest bore on record." St Ronan^ iii. 106. 

LANCE, s, A surgeon^s lancet, S. 

LAND, s. A house consisting of different stories, 

&c.] Add; 

*' In the actioune — aganis Wilyaim Fery for the 
wrangwiss occupatioune of diuerss housis, that is to 
say, a hal, a chavmir, a kychin, twa lofUs, twa sel- 
laris, ane inner houss, with a loft abone, & ane vnder 
sellar, lying in the brugh of Edinburgh, on the north 
side of the strete, — betuix the land of Johne Pater- 
son & the land of Nicol Spedy on the est." Act Au- 
dit A. 1482, p. 107. 

^' That — the annuellar, hauand the ground annuell 
vpone any brint land, quhilk is or beis reparellit,— 
that makis na contributioun to the bigging of the 
tomin, sail want the saxt part of the annuell," &c. 
A. 1555, Ed. 1814, p. 431. 

— " Gif thair beis ony coniunct fear or liferentar 
d^ ony brint land^* &c. Ibid. 

The act indeed is entitled, " Of the Articles— 
twicbing the brint landis and tenementis within the 
Burgh of Edinburgh and vthers burghs and townis 
within the realme of Scotland, brint be the auld ini- 
meis of Ingland." 

— " By the way, they call a floor a hontse ; the whole 
building is called a land ; an alley — ^is a mynde ; a 
little court, or a turn-again alley is a class ; a round 
8tair*case, a turnpike ; and a square one goes by the 
name of a skale-stair/' Burt's Letters, i. 6S. 

The definitions here are not quite correct The 
term chss is indiscriminately applied to an open and 
to a blind alley. The former is sometimes more par- 
ticularly denominated, ^' a throughgang close" Y. 
To LAND, V. n. To end, S. Callander's MS. 

Notes on Ihre,vo. Zae7?d!Z,appellere; pertinere. 

But our term is merely a metaph. use oi the E. v., 
from the idea of terminating a voyage. How did ye 
land ? How did the business terminate ? q. How did 
ye come to land 9 
LAND, Landin, Laij'e!^, *. That portion of a 

field which ^ band of reapers take along with 

them at one time, Loth., Dumfr. ; synon. Winy 


Of Gath'rers next, unruly bands 
^ Do spread themsels athwart the Lands ; 
And sair they green to try their hands 

Amang the sheaves. The Har^si Rig, st 25. 

" Lan^en, the end of ridges ;" Gall. Encycl. 


The complete sameness of idea with that convey* 
ed by Win obviously refers us to Isl. landwinna, ope« 
ra rustica, as the origin. Teut landwin, landnnnner^ 
agricola, landwinninghe SLgricu\t\ir& ; from land&ger, 
terra, and ioiniuen, colere agrum, A.S. ninn-^tn labo* 
rare, used in the same sense ; win labor. Isl. mnn-a 
laborare, winna, opus, labor. 
LANDE-ILL^ 8. Some species of disease. 

" And alss the lande ill-^waa so violent that thar 
deit ma that yere than euir thar deit ouder in pesti- 
lens or yit in ony vthir seikness in Scotland." Ad- 
dle, to Scot Comiklis, p. 4. 

Perhaps a disease of the loins; Teut lende lumbns. 
LANDERS. Ladg/ Landers.] Add; 

She added, laughingly, ^' And so ye thought I was 
marvelling at the red mantle o' the kddy^launnersT^ 
Spaewife, ii. 8. 

The rhyme, as used by children in Clydes., is thus 
given more fully* 

^^ When any of our children lights upon one of 
these insects, it is carefully placed on the open palm 
of the hand, and the following metrical jargon is re- 
peated, t!ll the little animal takes wing and flies 
away :— 

Lady, Lady Lanners, 
Lady, Lady Lanners, 
Tak up your clowk about your head. 
An' flee awa to Planners. 
Flee ower firth, and flee ower fell. 
Flee ower pule and rinnan' w^, 
Fl^e ower muir, and flee ower mead. 
Flee ower livan, flee ower dead, 
' Flee ower corn, an' flee ower lea. 
Flee ower riVer, fl^e ower sea, 
Flee ye east, or flee ye west. 
Flee till him that lo'es me best'' 

Edin. Mag. Oct 1818, p. 32& 
As the ingenious writer of this article has observ-* 
ed, it appears that '' this beautiful little insect, — still 
a great favourite with our peasantry," had formerly 
been '^ used for divining one's future helpmate," 
though not now, as far as he can learn, viewed as 
subservient to this purpose. 

This insect is also Cidled the King, and King Col" 
owa, Meams, Aberd. 

When children have catched one, which they be* 
lieve it would be criminal to kill, they repeat these 

King, King Colowa, 
Up your wings and flee awa',, 
O'er land, and o'er sea ; 
Tell me whare my love can be. 
LAND-GATES, adv. Towards the interior of a 
country ; q. taking the^oi^or road inland^ S.B. 
And she ran aflT as rais'd as ony deer ; 
Landgates unto the hills she took the gate,. 
After the night was gloom'd and growing late. 

Ross's Helenore, p. 9^. 
In signification, this term resembles Landmart, 
LAND-HORSE, s. The horse on the plough- 
man'^s lefl-hand ; q. the horse that treads the 
unploughed land^ S.B. 
LANDIER, 8, An andiron, Fr. 

" Brasen worke, sic as Landiers, Chandeliers, Ba- 
sons," &c. Rates, A. 1611. 




2. A march or boundary of landed property, Aberd. 
To Ride the Landimeres, to examine the marches^ 
ibid.^ Lanarks. 

Once in seven years the magistrates oF Aberdeen 
have to this day been in use to go roand all the li- 
mits of their burgage and country lands to the ex- 
tent of many miles. This is called Riding the Lan-^ 
dimeres. In Lanarks. this is done every year. The 
day in which the procession is made is called Lan- 
dimere's day. When they come in their progress^ to 
the river Mouse, every one in the procession who 
has not passed tibis way before, must submit to a 
ducking in the stream. This is also called Land*-* 
mark Day, q. v. 

LANDING s. The termination of a ridge ; a 
term used by reapers in relation to the ridge on 
which they are working, S. V. Land, Lani>in\ 
LANDLASH, ^. A great fall of rain, accom- 
panied with high wind, Lanarks.; q. the lashing 

of the land. 
Whan comes the landlash wi' rain an' swash, 

I cowd on the rowan' spait. 
And airt its way by bank an' brae, 

FulfiUan' my luve or hate. 
Marmaiden of Clyde, Edin, Mag. May 1820. 
LAND-LOUPER, *. A vagabond, &c.] Add; 
This word occurs in O.E. 

'' Peter Warbeck had been from his childhood 
such a wanderer, or (as the king called him) such a 
land-loper, as it was extreme hard to hunt out his 
nest and parents. Neither could any man by com- 
pany or conversing with him, be able to say or de- 
tect well what he was, he did so flit from place to 
place." Bacon's Hist. Hen. VIL Works, iii. 448-9. 
Land-loupiHg, adf. Rambling, migratory, shift- 
ing from one place to another, S. 
" Yea, the laws of our own land, defective as they 
are at present, have declared these land-kmping vil- 
lains impudent sturdy beggars, and idle vagabond 
rascals." Player's Scourge, p. 1. 

'* I canna think it an unlawfu' thing to pit a bit 
trick on sic a land-louping scoundrel, that just lives 
by tricking honester folk." Antiquary, ii. 293. 
LANDMAN, s. An inhabitant of the country, 
as contradistinguished from those who live m 
burghs ; or perhaps rather a farmer. 
'* The tounne is hauely murmowrit be the land^ 
men, that the wittell byaris of the merkatt scattis 
thame grytlie," &c. Aberd. Reg. V. Scatt, v. 

A.S. iand-'man, terrae homo, colonus. Teut. id. 
agricola, agricultor ; Su.G. Umdzman, ruricola ; Isl. 
iandzmadur, incola. 

L AND-METSTER,*. Land-measurer, Argylls. 
*' The Moderator — administered the oath dejideli 
to— John Currie, land-metster, and instructed said 
John Currie to measure out one half acre, in the 
meantime, on a field called Faslin, — as site for manse 
and office-houses." Law Case, Rev.D.Macarthur, 1 822. 
LANDRIEN, adv. In a straight course, di- 
reotly, as opposed to any delay or taking a cir- 
cuitous course, and as implying the idea of ex- 
pedition ; £{e came i-innin la/ndrien^ He came 
running directly. / cam landi-ien^ I oame ex- 
pressly with thisor thatintention^Selkirks. Roxb. 


It might seem to be an old Goth, word, allied t6 
Isl. land terra, and renn^a rumpere, ; as alluding to 
waves breaking on the shore, (like Land-birstyq. v.), 
or rinn^a, currere,q. to nm to land, a term borrowed 
from the sea-faring life. But as it is occasionally pron. 
landrifn, and as snow is said to be land-driven or land* 
driven, when drifted by the wind after it has fallen to 
the ground, I have no doubt that the idea is borrow- 
ed from the violence of the drifl; especially as in the 
southern counties driven is the vulgar pronunciation 
of driven; and the phrase, "like drift land drien" is 
often used to denote velocity of motion. Ihifl is a 
common metaphor through S. He lees like drift ; 
He tells lies with the greatest volubility. 
LANDSLIP, s. A quantity of soil which slvps 

from a declivity, and is precipitated into the 

hollow below, Mearns. 

" In general, through the whole extent of this 
course, springs of water ft'om the circumjacent 
grounds were continually oozing to the banks, and 
forming into marshes and quagmires : which, from 
time to time, burst, and were precipitated by landr 
slips, into the river." Agr. Surv. Kincard. p. 524. 

LANDSMARK-DAY, the day on which the 

marches are rode, Lanarks. 

*' The other {[custom]] is the riding of the marches, 
which is done annually upon the day after Whitsun- 
day fair, by the magistrates and burgesses, called 
here the Idndsmark or langemark day, from the Saxon 
langemark." Stat. Ace. P. Lan. xv. 45, 46*. . 

The A.S. word referred to must be land-gemercuj 
the same with land-mearc, terrae limites, fines. 

A similar custom is observed in London. The 
boys of the different charity schools, accompanied by 
the parish officers and teachers, go annually round 
the boundaries of their respective parishes, and, as 
it is called, '^ beat the bounds" with long wicker 
LAND-STAIL, s. That part of a dam-head 

which connects it with the land adjoining. 

<^ Sir Patrick craved power to affix the land^^taU 
of his dam-head on the other side of the river, where^ 
of Linthill has either right or commonty." Foun- 
tainh. i. SIS. 

Land and A, S. stael, Sn.G. staelle]ocnB,'place. 
LAND-STANE, s. A stone found among the 

soil of a field, Berwicks. 

" In all ftee soils, numerous stones, provindally 
termed land-stones, are found of various sixes, from 
the smaller gravel up to several pounds weight, and 
often in vast abunduice." Ag^. Surv. Berw. p. 35. 

LANDTIDE, s. The undulating motion in the 
air, as perceived in a droughty day ; the effect 
of evaporation, Clydes. Summer-couts synon. 
They scoupit ower a dowie waste, 

Whar flower had never blawn, 
Wharthe dew ne'er scanc't, nor ihelandiideiBSic'd, 
Nor rain had ever fawn. 

Ballad, Edin. Mag. Oct. 1818, p. 328. 
Q. the tide that floats on the land or ground, froni 
th% resemblance of the exhalations to the motion of 
the waves of the sea. 

LAND WAYS, adv. By land, overland, as opt. 
posed to conveyance by sea. 
*^ He lists a number of brave gentlemen to serve 



in the s&id goarcb, well, horfled, and he has them 
iandways to London, and from thence transported 
them by sea over into France." Spalding, L 90. 
Teut. land'wegh, iter terrestre. 

LANDWABT, a^.^ Insert, after the extract 

from Sir J. Sinclair's Observ. ; 

The term landwart, however, as used by itself, 
has no reference to the sea-coast, but merely to the 

A literary friend remarks that being opposed to 
a town or burgh, it hence signifies rude or unpo- 
lished ; as in Lat. ctvilis from civis, ruHkus from rus ; 
and in Gr. «rMM(, urbanus, civilis, sdtus, from «rv, 
LAND-WASTER, s. Aprodigal, a spendthrift, 


LANE, *. Loan.] Add ; 

'^ That nane*of his liegis tak vpown hand — to tak 
ony greittar proffeit or annualrent for the lane of mo- 
ney — ^bot ten for the hundreth." Acts Ja. VI. 1597, 
Ed. 1814, p. 120. 
LANE, part. pa. 

*' Grantit be vmquhile king J[ames the secund-— 
to the said burgh of Kirkcudbright — power to by 
and sell lane skynes, hydes, and all vther kjnd of 
merchandice." Acts Cha. I. Ed. 1814, v. 524. 

This, I apprehend, has the same signification with 
laid, as now used. Skinners call those laid skins, that 
are bought with all the tar and grease on them, with 
which they had been besmeared for the defence of 
the sheep through the winter ; q. lain. 

LANE, s. 1. A brook, of which the motion is 
so slow as to be scarcely perceptible, Galloway, 
Lanarks, Expl. ^^ the hollow course of a large 
rivulet in meadow-ground,^ Durofr. 
2* Applied to those parts of a river or rivulet, 
which are so smootn as to answer this descrip. 
tion, Galloway. 

Isl. Ion intermissio, also stagnum; ^-astagnare; 
hlan^ tepescere, tabescere. But perhaps it is still 
more nearly allied to laena, locus maris vel stagni, 
a tempestate immunis, ob interpositos et objectos 
montes ; Haldorson. Biaerglaena is used in the same 
sense ; Siaelon, a pool of this kind in the sea->shpre. 
A literary friend refers to Gr. A«p-«f> lacus, canalis. 
LANE, adf. Lone, alone.1 Add; 

By a peculiar idiom in the S. this is frequently 
conjoined with ^e pronoun ; as his lane, her lane, my 
lane; sometimes as one word, himlane; 
He — quait, aside the fire himlane, 
Was harmless as the soukin' wean. 

Pichen's Poems, L 8. 
Gawin Douglas uses myne alane. V. Alane. 
Hence the phrase, // lane. This is the idiom of 
Angus for its lane in other counties. 

Then Nory says, I see a house it lane, 
But far nor near of house mair' spy I nane. 

Ross's Helenore, p. 75. 
Lakbly, adf. Lonely,* South and West of S. 
The hares, in mony an amorous whud, 

Did scour the grass out-through. 
And far, &r in a lanefy wood, 
I heard the cushet coo. 

T. Scott's Poems, p. S76. 

'^ Being a landy widow-woman, I was blate amang 
strangers in the boat." The Steam-Boat, p. SB. 
To court the Muse's help in sang. 

Wad gi'e me fouth o' pleasure ;— 
Or, in some lanely rustic bower. 
To tune the lyre unseen. 

Picken's Poems 1788, p. 56. 
Lakslikess, s. Loneliness, S.O. 
Lanerly, adf. The same with Lanely, Ayrs. ; 
apparently from an improper use of Alanerly. 
— ^' Purposing — ^to devise — ^in what manner she 
should take revenge upon the profligate prodigal for 
having thought so little of her principle, merely be« 
cause she was a lanerly widow bent with age and 
poortith." R. Gilhaize, ii. 202. 

The same use of the term occurs ibid« p. 265^ 
Lakesome, a^. Lonely, S. 

'' Stately and green in your bonny bonny ranks-^ 
green wi' yere simmer livery were ye whan I firstsaw 
Uiis lonesome glen." Blackw. Mag. June 1820, p. 283. 
'^ I wud like to die here, up in my ain bit garret, 
for a' my freens are now dead, and I am a lonesome 
body on the yerth." M. Lyndsay, p. 282. 
LANG, Lange, a^. Long.] Add ; 
8. Continual, incessant ; as, ^^ the lanff din o^ a 

schule,^ i. e. school, Aberd. 
Lang days. A/bre lanff datfs, ere long, Ang. 
We's hae you coupled then qfore long days. 

Bass's Heknore, p. 39. 
Here Lang is used in the sense of remote. 
Lang, used in different forms as a «. Mony a 
lang, for a long time, Ang. , 
— ^— Was ye a^field that day. 
Fan the wild Kettrin ca'd your gueeds away ? 
Na, na, she says, I had na use to gang 
' Unto die glen to herd this many a long* 

Ross'^s Helenore, p. 81. 
At the long, at length. South of S. 

'^ At the launge, I stevellit backe, and, lowten 
downe, set mai nebb to anegell in the dor." Hogg's 
Wint Tales, ii. 41. 

L ANGBOA&D, s. The long table used in a farm, 
house, at which master and senrants were iront 
to sit at meat. Loth. 
•—A' the langboardnow does grane^ 
Wi' swacks o' kale — 

The Har'st Rig, st IST- 
They a' thrang round the lang board now. 
Where there is meat for ilka mou'. 

Farmer^s Ha', st. 62.. 
Lang-bowls, A game, much used in Angus,, 
in which heavy leaden bullets are thrown from 
the hand. He who flings his bowl farthest, or 
can reach a given point with fewest thraws, is 
the victor. 
To Langel, v. a.} hhseriy, as sense 
1 . Properly, to tie together the two legs of a horse, 
or other animal, on one side ;. as, ^^ to langel a 
horse,'' Aberd. 

Langelyn, i. e. io tangle, is an O.E. v. 
" Langelyn or bindyn togeder. CoUigo. Compe- 
dio." Prompt Parv. The latter Lat term shows that 
it has been used ta denote the act of tying the feet 


Lakgxt, Lavgxll, 9. A rope, be] Add ; 

This is LangUt, or LangeU, in Roxb. ; whence 
Langletit, part. pa. Having the fore and hind 

legs tied together, to prevent running, ibid. 


'' Ane compter rowndell, compter dayth with twa 
langfaiUies:' Aberd. Reg. A 1538, V. l6. 

Teut. and Fr. falie signifies a large vail, or long 
robe worn by females. 

LANGER, Langoure, s. 1. Weariness, &c.] 
Add to etymon ; 

It oaght to be observed that to Langure is an O.K 
V. to which Mr. Todd has given a place in the £. Die* 
tionary. Not only does Huloet use it ; but it occurs 
in Prompt. Par v. **Langutyn in sekeness. Langueo." 
LANG HALTER TIME, a phrase formerly in 
use, in Loth, at least, to denote that season of 
the year, when, the fields being cleared, travel- 
lers and others daimed a common right of oc 
casional pasturage. 

" The country was very little inclosed. — ^At Dal- 
keith fair, when the crops were off the ground^ it was 
called— Jong holier tinte. The cattle during the fair, 

£»t leave to stray at large." Niool's Advent p. 203. 
ANO-KAiL, #« Coleworts not shorn, S.] Add; 
She wadnae eat nae bacon. 
She wadnae eat nae beef^ 
She wadnae eat nae lang^kaU, 
For fyling o' her teem. HerdTs CoO. ii. 213. 
The Icelanders use the sameword,but as denoting 
chopped coleworts ; kmgkal, minutal oleradum. 
L^LKG-HBADiT, adf. Having a great stretch of 
understandings having much foresight, S. 
" Then he's sic an aula-fkrran lang^headU chield 
as never took up Uie trade o' kateran in our time.* 
Rob Roy, ii. 889. 

He's a langheadii ftllow, that Hector MacNeilL 

Picken's Poems, ii. 151. 
Lako-luoged, a^. Quick of hearing, S. 

-*'' 111 tell ye that after we are done wi' our sup- 
per, for it will may be no be sae weel to speak about 
It while that &iiig-/i^ecf limmer o' a lasa is gaun flisk- 
ing in and out o' the room." GuyMannering, iii. 1(X1; 
Lako-kebbit, adf.. Having a long nose.] Addi 
To shaw their skill right far nae hame> 
Many lang-^nMed carlins came. 
Some set up rown-tree in the byre> 
Some heaved sa't into the fire. 
Some sprinkled water on the floor» 
Some figures made amang the stoon 

TrtUn's Poetical Reveries, ^ 23.. 
2^ Acute in understanding, Fife, Perths.;. synon* 
with Lanff-keadii ; q. piercing far with his oeak^ 
9. Prying, disposed to criticise, S^ 
O ye lang'fkebhit pryin' race> 
Who kitUe words an' letters traee> 
Up to their vera risin' place, &c. 

RuiekMs Addreu to Critics, pw IM: 
4. Apfdiedtoastaff; respecting its|?ro^ or point, 
Ettr. For^ 

"^ He had a large lang-nebbit staff in his hand, 
which Laidlaw took particular notice of, thinking it 
would be a good help for the young man in the rough 
vayhehadtogang." Black w^Mag. Mar. 1823, p. 3 17. 



5. Used to denote preternatural beings in:gene-> 
ral, Ayrs. 

" O, sir, Hallowe'en among us is a dreadful night t 
witches and warloiks, and a' langnebbit things, hae 
a power and dominion unspeakable on Hallowe'en.'* 
R. Gilhaize, ii. 217. 

6. Applied to learned terms, or such as have the 
appearance of pedantry. What a Roman would 
have denominated sesquipedalia verba, we call 
lang-nebbit words, S. 

'^ He'll no be sae lang-nMii wi' his words the 
mom at ten o'clock, when a' the Cardinal's gude Ca- 
nary's out o' his head." Tennant'sCard. Beaton, p.^. 
Langous, prep. Alongst V. Lanois, id. 

" Als gud hagyng throucht the cloiss, & langous 
the hous syd." Aberd. Beg. A. 1 535, V. 15, p. 6^9. 
Lang-saddill bed. 

" Item ane UtngsaddiLMl." Inventories, A. 1566, 
p. 173. 

This is a vitious ortibtography o£ Latigsettil, q. v.^ 

We find the phrase Latigsadilljorm also used. ''Ane 
iangsadiUJorm of fyr ^firj worcht iiij sh." Ibid. V. 17» 
Lanosaild BEn, perhaps an errat. forLangsaddU. 

It is also written Lofigsald, ibid. V.. Lang* 


'' Ane langsaild bed, ane compter^ ane cop alm^ry, 
and candill kyst," &c. Aberd. Reg. V. l6. 
Lang sands* To Leave one to the Lang Sands,, 
to throw one out of a share in property, to which 
he has a just claim. 

" There was an -express quality in the assignation 
in favours of Pitreichy. — Notwithstanding of this 
dog, it would appear Udney transacts for the haill, 
pays himself, and leaves Pitreichy to the lang sands/' 
Fountainh. Dec. Suppl. ik 539^ 

A singuJar metaphor, borsowed from the forlorn 
situation of a stranger, who, deserted by others, is 
bewildered, in seeking his way, among the tractlecs 
aands on the sea-shore. 

Lang-seat, s. The same wtihXafig*-^^^, Aberd^ 
'' The master commonly Z^t"} on a kind of wooden 
sofa, called a Umg-seat ; from the back of which a 
deal or board of wood, three feet long and one foot 
broad, fixed by a hinge, was let down at time of 
meals, to supply the place of a table." Agr. Surv^ 
Aberd. p. 130« 

Lang-settle, Lang-s a]>ih<b, s. A long wooden 
seat^ resembling a settee, which formerly used 
to constitute part of the furniture of afarmer^s 
house ^ it was placed at the fireside, and was ge- 
nerally appropriated to th^ gudeman. South. 

'' The air sail laL^»9S%^laHgsettil bed with aae arraa 
work, ane mantle> ane napsek, ane ruif of ane bed, 
ane pair of bed-courtinis." Balfour's Pract p. £54. 
Qu. a settee-bed, a bed made up as a seat in the day<^ 
time i^ A.S. lung long, and sed a seat ; heahsetl^ a high 

An^ ' Let us pray,' quo' the gude eld carl^ 

An' ' Let us pray>' quo' he ; 
But my luve sat on the brng-^ettle, 
' An' never a knee bent he. 

Remains ofNithsdale Song, p. 25* 
" Lang^Hiik, a bendi like a settle;. NorS^" Groac 



Lanosuh, Lanosome, adf. 1. Slow, tedious, S.] 
Add to definition ;*-4n a general sense. 
'' That efter the tedious, chargeable and langsum 
persute in obtening of thair decreitis, — the execu- 
tioiin of the decreitis gevin be quhatsumeuir Jugeis 
^-althocht obtenit be ihaist langmm proces, wer al- 
togidder fhistrat/'^ &c Acts Ja. VI. 1384, Ed. 1814, 
p. 300.1 Add, as sense 
S. Tedious, in relation to time, S. 

Hegh hey, she says, as soon as she came near. 
There's been a langsome day to me, my dear. 

Ross's Helenare, p. 66. 
S. Denoting procrastination ; as, ^^ YeVe ay lang- 
sum in comin^ to the schule,^ S, 
4. Used to denote tediousness in regard to local 
extension ; as, a langsome gak, a long road, S. 
But yet nae country in her sight appears. 
But dens an' bums, an' bare an' langsome moors. 
Rosses Helenare, First Ed. p. 54. 
Lanosumlie, adv. Tediously, S. 
Langsumness, s. Tediousness, delay, S. It is 
sometimes improperly written as if an E. word. 
*' We — ^must entreat your favour, both for our 
shortness in the abrupt abridgment of our answer, 
and for our kmgsomeness in sending." Society Con- 
tendings, p. 289* 
LANGSPIEL, s. A roecies of harp, Shetl. 

— ** A knocking at the door of the mansion, with 
the sound of the Gue and the Langspiel, announced, 
by their tinkling chime, the arrival of fresh revel- 
lers." The Pirate, ii* 40. 

Isl. spil, lusus lyrae ; spil^a, ludere lyra, G. Andr. ; 
spily fidium eantus, spil-a, tibia canere, spilamadr, 
tibicen, Haldorson ; Su.G. «pe^ ludere, spelman au- 
loedus, tibicen. The word, I find, is Norwegian ; 
Langspd, laangspel, defined by Hallager, *^ a kmd of 
harp, on which country people play." 
Lakg-t axled, Long-tailed, pari. adf. Prolix, 
tedious, S. 

^ It is said this hng'tailed supplication was well 
heard of by the brethren of the General Assembly." 
Spalding, ii. 9^ 

Lang-tokgued, adf. Loose-tongued, too free in 
conversation, S. 

'^ The foul fa' you, that I suld say sae,' he cried 
out to his mother, ' for a lang-tongtied wife, as my 
father, honest man, aye ca'd ye ! Coudna ye let the 
teddy alane wi' your whiggery ?" Tales of my Land- 
lord, ii. 154. 
LANG-WAYES, prep. Alongst. 

— -'' Or ellis to grant powers— to sett> impose, and 
rplift certane new custumes for a certane space of all 
scheip, ky, oxin, horssis, seckis of wool, hydis, and 
sic vtheris that passis lang wayes the said brig to the 
effect abone writtin." Acts Ja. VI. ] 587, Ed. 1814, 
p. 5 1 9. The s^me in the Act immediately following. 
I have met with no term exactly similar. Sw. lang- 
vaega signifies from a distance, from abroad; Wideg. 
LANNIMOR^ s. A person employed by con- 
terminous proprietors to adjust marches be- 
tween their lands, Ayrs. 

This is evidently a corruption of the legal term 
Landmer, q. v. 

XiANT> s, Commotion, confusion, Aberd. 


LANT, s. The old name for the game at cards 

now called Zoo, S, Hence perhaps, 
Lantit, part. adf. Reduced to a dilemma, Ettr. 

LANTEN-KAIL. V. Lentrin. 
To LAP, V. a. 1. To environ — in order to a 

siege.] Add; — It has the prep, about added. 

** Monseoor Tillibatie — ^forced thame to tak ane 
peill hous in Linlithgow, for saiftie of thair lyves* 
— Bot this noble regent lap manlie about the hous, 
and seidgit it evir till he constrained thame to ren- 
der the same." Pitscottie^s Cron. p. 306. 

*' Se&ng him so few in company, they followed 
hastily, being under cloud and silence of night, lap 
about the house, and tried to tirr it" Spalding, i. S(h 

As lap about is also used as the pret. of the v. to 
Loup, it is at times difficult to ascertain to which of 
the verbs this phrase belongs. V. Loup, n. 
* LAP, *. Metaph. applied to the extremity of 

one wing of an army. 

" With him the kird of Cesfoord and Famihurst, 
to the number of fourscore spears,—- set on freshly 
on the lap and wing of the laird of Buccleugh's field, 
and Portly bure them backward to the ground." 
Pitscottie, FoL £d. p. 136. In £d. 1814, '' Sett on 
freschlie on the vtmost wing," p. 5£1. 

A.S. laeppa not only signifies fimbria, but in a ge- 
neral sense, pars^ portio, cujusvis rei. It is some* 
times applied to ground. 
LAPIS. Blew lapis. 

** A chayn of blew ktpis gamist with gold and perH 
contening xxxiiii lapis." Inventories, A. 1 578, p. 26S. 

Can this mean Lapis^ LaxuU? I scarcely think that 
the sapphire is re&nred to, this being mentioned by 
its proper name in other parts of the Inventory, as 
in p. 294 ; whereas the bUw lapis occurs again in p. 
289. It may also be observed that £. azure, through 
the medium of Hisp^ lazur, id., is deduced from Arab. 
lazuli, a blue stone. V. Johns., vo. Azure.. 
LAPLOVE, s. 1. Com convolvulus, (C, ar- 

vensis) Teviotdale. 
S. Climbing buckweed, ibid. 

In Smalandia in Sweden the Convolvulus Poly*- 
gonum is called loef^binde^ from loefsL leaf, and bindu 
to bind. 

To LAPPER, V. a. Used as signifying to be- 
smear, or to cover so as to clot. 

— ^' Sic grewsome wishes, that men jshould be 
slaughtered like sheep— and that they should tapper 
their hands to the elbows in their hearths blude !" 
Rob Roy, iik 73. 
L APRON, Laproun, s. A young rabbit; GH. 

Sibb. FV. laperau^ lapreau. 

" Item the cunihg ^9, vnto the Feist of Fas* 
temiseuin nizt tocum, and fra thine furth xijd. 
Item the laproun ^d.'*^&c. Acts Mary 1551^ Ed. 
1814, p. 484. Lapponis, pi., ibid. p. 486. 

" Forsamekill, as the derth of scheip, cuningis, 
and wylde meit daylie incressis, & that throw the 
slauchter of the young Lambis, Lapronis and young 
pouds of pertrik or wylde foule r—^that na maner of 
persoun tak vpone hand to slay ony Lapronis or 
young poutis, except gentilmen and vthers nobillis 
with halkis;' &c.. Acts Mary 1551, c^ S4« Ed 156£. 



Lapnm, in E. Loth., as I bm informed, denotes a 
ywing hare, as synon. with lewet. 

One would almost suppose that the Fr. term, 
whence ours seems immediately to originate, had 
been formed from Lat. ien^us, ttris, as if the coney 
had been viewed as of me same species with the 
hare. It certainly has more affinity to the Lat. term 
than Uevre or levraut Du Cange conjectures that 
L.B. lepora may have aignified a'young female hare; 
when quoting a curious passage in which a com- 
plaint is made that some, whether churchmen is not 
said, as soon as morning blushed, listened with 
greater promptitude to the huntsman's horn than to 
the priest's bell, and heard with greater keenness 
voeem Leporarum quam Capellani. 
LARACH, s. The site of a building, in S. stance. 

— *' A very honest and respectable family of far- 
mers date their introduction to this parish &om that 
period; and — amidst the various changes and revo- 
lutions of time and proprietors they have continued 
in the same possession, and on the self-same Larack; 
and their antiquity is such as to become a proverb, 
so that when people speak of a very remote circum- 
stance, it is a common saying amongst them. It is as 
old as the Lobans of Drumderfit" Stat Ace. P. 
Kilmuir Wester, xii. 273, N. 

*^ The site of those round houses is denominated 
by the people Larach tax Draonaich, the foundation 
ofthe house of a Draoneach.— Lar signifies the grotiml 
upon which a house is built, and is also applied to the 
^^aor of a house : hence the Lares or familiar deities 
of t)ie Romans." Grant's Origin of the Gael, p. 1 74. 

Gael, lailhreachf ruins of an old house ; Shaw : Ir. 
lailhreacha, id. Lhuyd. 
LAABALy adj. Lazy, sluggish, A3nr8. 
I«AR£, Laik, Lbae, Lkke, s. Education, &c.] 


^^ Lare, or lakr, learning, scholarship," A.Bor. 
Ray; Grose. 

'' Ye see, Ailie and me sate weel to pass, and we 
would like the lassies to hae a wee bit mair lair than 
ooraells, and to be neighbour-like— that would we." 
Guy Mannering, ii. 321. 
LARE, s, A stratum ; corr. firom E. lasfer. 

^' Lay in a /are of the beef, and throw on it plenty 

of suet with more spice, salt and fruits, do so lare 

after lare^ till it be full." Receipts in Cookery, p. 1 1 . 

LARGES, Lekgss, s. S. Liberality in giving.] 

. Add; 

Ray, in his East and South Country words, p. 1 04, 
shews that this exclamatioa continued to be used in 
his time. 

'' A largess, largitio; a gift to harvest-men par.* 
ticularly, who cry a Largess so many times as there 
are pence given. 
LARICE, s. The larch, a tree, So. of S., Renfr. 

Lat. laruc, which name it also bears. 
A planting beskirted the spot. 

Where pilches an' laricks were seen ; 
An' the savoys to season his pot. 
At the back of his dwallin, green. 

A. ScotCs Poems, p. 197- 
Lasabtt, part. pa. At leisure. 

'^ We hartelie tnanke you of this your liberalitie, 
•—so the present necessitie compelleth us to accept 
the same, but hes postponit to this tyme, till this 


present berer, Mr. Whitlawe, myght be lasaryL" E. 
of Arran, Sadler's Papers, i. 706. V. Lasare. 
L ASCHE, adj. Relaxed,! Add ; 

Isl. hUssa, onustus, feesus, from hksse onero. Un« 
der this adj. insert 

To Lash ow/, v. n. To break out, to be re- 
laxed in a moral sense. 

" O shelter mee and saue me from the vnsound- 
nesse of a deceitfull heart, that I lash not out into 
the ^xcesse of superfiuitie of wickednesse." Z. 
Boyd*s L. Battell, p. 8S6. 

MoesG. laus-jan, Su.G. loes^a, liberare, solvere. 
* To LASH, V. n. To fall or be poured down 

with force ; applied to rain or any body of wa« 

ter ; as, to lash on^ to lash downy S. 

-— Wi' swash an' swow, the angry jow 

Cam lashan* down the braes. 
Marmaiden of Clyde, Edin. Mag. May 18S0. 

'\ A neuter verb, expressive of the pouring of an 
irresistible torrent; as, a lashan' rain, a lashan' spait." 
Ibid. p. 452. 
Lash, s. I. A heavy fall of rain, Lanarks. ; 

synon. with Rasch. 
% Lash ^ water, a great quantity of water thrown 

forcibly, S. 
To Lash water^ or any liquid, t6 throw forcibly 

in great quantities, Lanarks. . 

It is often used impersonally ; 
It^s L ashin* ok, it rains heavily, S. It evidently 

owes its origin to the idea of the rain lashing 

the ground, or producing a sound resejnbling 

that made by a lash. 
LASS, s. 1. A sweetheart, S.| Add; — To gang 

to see the lasses, to go a-woomg, S« 
2. A mfud-servant, S. 

'' As far as the lass has <»8h or credit, to procure 
braws, she will, step by step, follow hard after what 
she deems grand and fine in her betters." P. Glenor- 
chay, Stat» Ace. viii. 350. 

" — It will may be no be sae weel to speak about it 
while that lang-lugged limmer o' a lass is gaun flisk« 
ing in and out o' the room." Guy Mannering, iii. 101 . 
Lass-bairm, s. a female child, S^ 
Lassie, s. 1. A young girl ; strictly one below 

the age of puberty, S. 

" It was a common remark,-— that the lassies, who 
had been at Nanse Banks's school, were always well 
spoken of, both for their civility, and the trigness of 
their houses, when they were afterwards married." 
Ann. of the Par. p. 29. 

My love she's but a lasssie O ! Old Song. 

Sometimes, to mark the inferiority of age more de« 
terminately, bit is prefixed, S. 

" Her bU lassies, Kate and Effie, were better off." 
Annals, ut sup. p. 28. 

" The lassie weans, like clustering bees, were 
mounted on the carts that stood before Thomas BirU 
penny the vintner's door." Ayrs. Legatees, p. 282. 
k. A fondling term, S. 

It has been observed that the S. has often three 
degrees of diminution, as besides Lassie, Lassock is 
used for a little girl, and Lassikie, lassikin for a very 
little girl. On the same plan, we have lad, laddie, 
laddock, and taddikin or laddikie ; wife, wifie, wifoek, 
and wifockie. 

L A T 

L A U 

LA88OCV9 s. A dimin. from £. lass^ West of S. 
'' I wadna for ever sae muckle that even the /!Ar« 

90ck Mattie kenn'd ony thing about it, I wad never 

hear an end o't." Rob Rov, iii. 267* 

LASS-aoEANy 8. A female servant, rather a con- 
temptuous designation. West of S. 
'^ It's my rule to gang to my bed — precisely at ten 

o't;lock ask the lass^quean there, if it isna a fun* 

damental rule in my household/' Rob Roy, IL 195* 

Lass-wean, s. A female child, Fife. 

LAST, s. A measure used in Orkney.] Add; 
This seems to be from Isl. hlas, quantum portat 

traha vel currus, q. a carriage-load ; from hlcsi^a 

onerare, to load ; G. Andr. 

LAST, 8. Durability, lastingness, S. 

Lastie, Lasty, o^jf. Durable, E. lasting^ S. 
*' If you be hasty, youll never be fe*(y/' S. Prov. ; 

'^ spoken ironically to lazy people." Kelly, p. 210. 

LASTER (comp.), adv. More lately, Aberd. 

Lastest (superl.), adv. Last, ibid. 

LAST LEGS. A man is said to be on bis last 
Ug8^ either when his animal strength is almost 
entirely exhausted by exertion, a^, or disease, 
or when he is supposed to be on ue borders of 
bankruptcy, S. 
The phrase seems to be borrowed from a beast, 

which although still able to move about, is totally 

unfit for labour or exertion. 

To L AT, V. a. 2. To lai be, to let alone.] Add : 
This is O.E. '' I let he, I let alone. Je laysse.— 

Let he this nycenesse, my frende, it is tyme, you be 

nat yonge." Palsgr. B. iii. F. 279> a. 

In compagnie we wiln have no debat : 
Telleth your tale, and let the Sompnour he. 

Chaucer, Frere* Prol. 6871. 

k. To Lai Gae^ to let off, to let fly, S. 

'Twas then blind Cupid did lai gae a shaft. 
And stung the weans, strangers to his crafl. 

Ros/e Hdenore, p. 14. 

& To Lai Gae^ to break wind, S. 

6. To Lai Gae, to lose the power of retenticm, S. 

7. To Lai Gae^ to raise the tune, S. V. Let, 9. 

8. To Lai (Ter, to swallow ; as, ** She wadna lai 
ffer a single drap,^ S.B. Hence, 

Lat-o^eb, tf. 1. The act of swallowing, S.B. 

8. Appetite, ibid. 

9. To Lai Wf, V. a. and n. To yield to, not to 
debate or contest with, Aberd. 

10. To Lai W7y v. a. To indulge; as, a child, ib. 
LATCH, 8. 1. A dub, a mire, Roxb.l Add ; 

If we were ance by Withershin's laidh, the road's 
no ne'er sae saft, and we'll show them play for't.-— 
They soon came to the place he named, a narrow 
channel through which soaked, rather than flowed, 
a small stagnant stream, mantled over with bright 
green mosses." — " Dumple, lefl to the freedom of 
his own will, trotted to another patt of the latch,'* 
Guy Mannering, ii. dO, 81. 
♦ LATE, adj. At late, at a late hour, Ang. 
The mom at late, that dreary hour. 
Fan spectres grim begin their tour. 
An' stalk in frightfu' forms abroad, && 

Piper of Peebles, p. H. 

LATHERON, s. 1. A sloven, S. V. Laddxoke. 
2. It seems used as equivalent to Limmer, Ayrs. 

" We then had the lalhenm summoned before the 
session, and was not long of making her confess that 
the father was Nicol Snipe, Lord Glencaim's game* 
keeper." Ann of the Par. p. 61. 
Lathbon, Latherin, a^. 1. Lacy, Fife. 
8. Low, vulgar, Ayrs. 

" She had a genteel turn, and would not let me, 
her only daughter, mess or mell wi' the lathrm lasses 
of the clachan." Ann. of the Par. p. 221. 
LATIENCE, *. Leisure ; a word mentioned by 

Callander, MS. Notes on Ihre, vo. JLi^-a, mora, 


This seems the same with S.B. Leeshins, id. V. 

LATINER, 8. One who is learning the LaUn 
language, Fife. 

^ This can hardly be traced to so respectable an ori* 
gin as Fr. Laiinier, L.B. jLa^'mir-tW, a dragoman, an 

LATRINE, Latbox, Latboks, s. A privy ; 

Fr. latrine. 

'' The kOfxme of the mitc^e of the hospitalL" 
Aberd. Reg. Cent. 16. 

'' 1628 and l629> the publick latrones (removed 
from the north gavel of the great hall) were built 
where now they stand." Crauf. Univ. £din. p. 1 50* 

'^ He also tirred the latrons in the college, where* 
by the students had not such natural easement as 
before,'* &c. Spalding, ii. 47. 

'' —The sea — ^is the latrons and receptacle of the 
universe." Fountainhall. V. Dimit, v. 

LATTER-MEAT, Leateb-meatb, s. " Y\c^ 
tuals brought from the master^s to the servants* 
table," S. 

Anes thrawart porter wad na let 
Him in while UUler meat was hett ^ 
He gaw'd fou sair. 

Ramsa^s Poems, i. 237* 
'' Johne Paterson,* meason in Auchtermonchtie, 
strake throw new doores in the leater meaie roume." 
Lamont's Diary, p. 156. 

LATTOUCE, 8. The herb lettuce. 
He mycht weill serve for sic a cuire. 
Sic lippis, sic latiouce, lordis and lownes ; 
Auld creased workis payit with crackt-crownes. 
Leg. Bp. St. Androis, Poems i6th Cent. p. 322. 
" Like lips, like lettuce. This is in the old colleo* 
tion from tne Latin. Similes habent labra lactucas." 
S. Prov.; Kelly, p. 241. 

L ATTOUN, ^. 1. A mixt kind of metal.] Add; 
It is singular, that this term had in O.E. signified 
a brazier. '^ Laten or LaUm. Erarius. Auricalca«r 
rius." Prompt. Parv. 

LAUANDER, Latandeb, s. Laundress ; Fr. 


*' To the lavander iij gret bred," &c. Chalmers's 
Mary, i. 177. 
Lauakdrie, 8. The laundry. 

'' Lauandrie; Margaret Balcomie, lauander.** Ibid. 
y. Latndar. 

" Lauender wassher. Lotrix." Prompt. Parv. 



Launder is used both as the masculine and femi- 
nine. *' Launder. Lotor. Lotrix." Ibid. 
LAVATUK, s.. A vessel to wash in, a laver. 

" Item, ane gryt clam shell gilt for the lavaiur," 
Inventories^ A. 1542^ p. 58. 

Fr. lavatoire, id., L.B. lavator-inm, the name given 
to the vessel in which monks washed their hands be-i 
fore going to the refectory^ or officiating priests be- 
fore performing divine service. 
LAUCH,L AUGHT,*. 1. Law.] Insert^ after 1.16; 

This is more emphatically expressed ; '' Ilka land 
has its ain lauch" Antiquary, ii. 281. 
To LAUCH (gutt), V. n. To laugh, S. Pret. 

letichy part. pa. leuchiny Clydes. 
Lauch, s. A laugh, S. 
Laugher, s, A laugher, S. 
LAUGHTER, s. A lock. V. Lachter. 
LAUDE, s. Sentence, decision, judgment. 

" Dauid Wod, && and all vtheris haifand interes 
in the mater vnder specifeit to here and se the de- 
Crete, laude, and sentence of forfaltour gevin in our 
souerane lordis parliament/ &c. Acts Mary 1542, 
£d. 1814, p. 416. 

f '< Sentence, laude & decrete of forfaltoure, allegit, 
led, gevin & pronouncit/' &c Ibid. p. 41 ?• 

— " Thai & ilkane of thaim to be restorit,— as thai 
— war befor the geving of the said laude and dome 
of parliament" Ibid. 

L.B. Laud-urn, sententia arbitri. Rex Angliae dio 
to eorum (arbitrorum) et laudo sub certa obligatione 
se submittet Trivet A. 1 293 — Omni laudo arbitrio, 
dito, diffinitiono, Sc pronuntiationi ejus. Chart A. 
1 345. Hence Laxid-are, arbitrari, arbitrii sententiam 
proferre; and Laudator, arbiter. DuCange. Laudum 
18 expl. by Kersey or Phillips, ^' in ancient deeds, a 
decisive sentence, determination, or award of an ar- 
bitrator, or chosen judge." 

Laudare seems to have received this oblique sense 
in tlie dark ages, in consequence of the legal use of 
the term by Roman writers in regard to the citation 
of a witness. In this sense it is used by Plautus. 
This may have been the reason why it properly de- 
notes the deed of an arbiter, rdXhet than of an ordi- 
nary judge ; an arbiter being one as it were called or 
died, by one or both parties, to determine. 
LAUDE, adf. Of or belonging to laymen. V. 

LAVE-LUGGIT, adj. Having the ears hang- 

ing down, Roxb. 

C.B. la»; " that extends, or goes out ;" Owen. 
LAVENDAR, 8, A laundress. " The King's 

laveniar r Treasurer's Acts. V. Layxdar. 

L.B. lavendeT'ia, lotrix. Lavandar-ius, fullo ; Du 
LAVEROCK, s. The lark.] Add ; 

" Alaoda, a laverock." Wedderbum's Vocab. 
p. 16. 

There is an old traditionary adage, illustrative of 
this term, which contains good counsel* ** In order 
to be healthy, gang to bed wi' the hen, and rise wi' 
the laverock," S, V. Lift, *. 
Lavebock-hiech, adf. As high as the lark 

when soaring ; apparently a proverbial phrase, 

Voi« II. 49 

La Pen* in a string should lav'rock hich hing. 
Till his banes be weel pick'd by the crows a.' 
♦ La Pena, N. A. Scoll's Poeme 1811, p. ISO. 
Laveeock^s-lint, s. Purging-flax, an herb, Li- 

num Catharticum, Linn. ; Lanarks. 
LAUGH, s. Law, V. Lauch. 
LAUGH,*. A lake, Selkirks. V. Loch. 
LAUIT-MAN, 8. A layman, one not in cleri- 
cal orders. 

'f The said officiall considering that the said Harlo 
had na commissioun to mak sic preaching, hot Qwes^ 
an ^f/-man,— required him, of quhais authoritie, 
and quha gaif him commissioun to preach, he being 
ane lauit*inan, and the Quenis rebald, and excom* 
municate, and wes repelled furth of uther partis for 
the said causis." Keith's Hist App. p. 90. V. Lawit. 

• To LAUREATE, v. a. To confer a literary 


" Af\;er Dr. Rollock had laureat the first classe, he 
betook himself to the general inspection of the col* 
lege, under the title of principall and rector." Crau- 
furd's Hist. Univ. Edin. p. 45. 
To Laureate, v. n. To take a degree in any 

faculty, S. 

'' It is — certain that laureated was originally ap- 
plied to those who took their degrees in Scotland.** 
Bower's Hist Univ. Edin. i. 42. 

The author thinks that the phraseology originated 
^' from the laurel which, from the earliest antiquity, 
formed the chaplet of the victors in the games." 
Laubeation, 8, The act of conferring degrees, 

or the reception of them ; graduation. 

'' At the very time when Rollock had given the 
most substantial proofs of his ability in instructing 
the youth at St. Andrew's, in consequence of the re* 
markable progress of his pupils, and the public ap- 
plause which he received at their laureatian, the pa- 
trons of the university of Edinburgh were — anxious- 
ly looking for a person of his description." Bower's 
Hist Univ. Edin. i. 79* 
LAUREW, 8, Laurel. 

— " He wald not ressave the croun of laurew, to 
have the samin deformit with the publick doloure." 
Bellend. T. Li v. p. 181. Lauream, Lat 

" As to the phrase and dictioun heirof, guid it 
war to remembir, that the plane and sempill trewth 
of all thingis requiris only amangis the lautefuU and 
faithfull peple, plane, familiar, and na curius nor af^ 
fectat speche." N. Winyet's Fourscoir Thre Quea- 
tionis, Keith's Hist App. p. 223. 

Apparently, yw// of lot/ally, or truth. V. Lawta. 
LAW, adj. Low.] Add ; 

•— " The lord Oliphant for the latv land of the schir- 
refdome of Perth, Strathebravne, and the bischoprik 
of Dunkelden. The lord Gray, the lord Glammys, 
the Maister of Craufurde for Anguss hie land and law 
land." Acts Ja. IV. 1488, Ed. 1814, p. 208. 

This obviously points out the origin of the term 
Latvlandis or Lowlands, 
LAW, 8, 2. The tomb, grave, or mound.] Add; 

It must be observed, however, that when Ulphi- 
las uses hUarv for rendering the Gr. word denoting 
a monument, he must be viewed as using it because 




the Goth, language had no other term for a monu- 
ment but that which properly signified a mound. 
To Law, v, a. 1. To litigate, to subject to legal 

investigation and determination, S. 
2. Transferred to the legal defender ; as, " Fm 
resolv'd Fll law him weeljbr't^ " I will take 
every advantage that law can give in this busi- 
ness,'' S. 
LAWAINE, s. The eve of All-hallows. 

Wide, wide abroad were spread its leafy bran- 
But the topmost bough is lowly laid ! 
Thou hast forsaken us before Lawaine * 

Coronach of Sir Lauchlan, Chief of Maclean, 
Lady of the Lake, Notes, Ixii. 
• Halloween. 
This does not appear to be a Gael, or Ir. word, but 
merely a poetical abbreviation of the designation 
used in the low country. 

LAWAR, Lawaae, s. A laver, or vessel to 
wash in. 

" Basun with lawar ;" Aberd. Reg. A. 1558, V. l6. 
'' In the first, ane basing and ane laware of gold, 
with thrissillis and lilleis round about the samyne." 
Inventories, A. 1542, p. 110. 

LAW-BID AND, Law-biding, part. pr. 1. 

Waiting the regular course of law, as opposed 

to flight ; a forensic term. 

^' Gif the vassall is fugitiue for slauchter, and not 
laW'bidand, the superiour may recognosce the land 
halden of himselfe, sa lang as the felon or manslayer 
happenis to Hue." Skene de Verb. Sign. vo. Recog" 
Kt/ton. V. Bide, v, 
2. ^^ Able to answer a charge or accusation ;^ 61. 


'^ The soul is pursued for guilt more or less, and 
is not law-biding ; Christ Jesus is the city of refuge, 
and the high-priest there, during whose lifetime, and 
that is, for ever, the poor man who wins hither, is 
safe." Guthrie's Trial, p. 112. 

LAW-BOARD, s. The board on which a tdlor 
irons his cloth, S. 

*' Jock, a little hump-backed creature, brought the 
goose behind him, bearing the latv-hoard over his 
shoulder." Sir A. Wylie, i. 51. 

LAW-BORROIS, Law-borrows,] Add; 
Bp. Burnet gives a ludicrous account of the ori- 
gin of this term. 

*' When all other things failed so evidently, re- 
course was had to a writ, which a man who suspects 
another of ill designs towards him, may serve him 
with : and it was called Law-borroughs, as most used 
in borroughs," Hist, of His own Time, ii. 185^ 
To LAWE, V. a. To lower, South of S. 
But yet tho' poverty should worrie. 

Or starve us quite. 
To lane their price they will be sorry, 

A© single doit. J. Scott's Poems, p. 338. 
LAWER, s. A professor of law. 

'' That the larver and mathematiciane of befoir in 
the new college sail now be in Sanctsaluatouris col- 
lege, and haue thair stipendis and buirdis vpoune the 
fruictis thairof." Acts Ja. VI. 1579, Ed. 18I4,p. 180. 


LAWER, Si A washing vessel, E. laver. 

" Tuo new basines worth eight merks the peice, 
ane lower worth four merks." Acts Cha. II. Ed. 
1814, VII. 61. V. Lawar. 

LAW-FREE, adj. Not legally convicted or con- 

" The earl answered, he would prefer him to his 
good-brother Frendraught; but to quit him who had 
married his sister, so long as he was law-free, he 
could not with his honour." Spalding, i. 17. 
Lawin-free, adj. Scot-free, excluded from pay- 
ing any share of a tavern-bill, S. 

She took me in, she set me down. 

She hecht to keep me lawin-Jree ; 
But wylie carlin that she was. 
She gart me birl my bawbee. 

Song, Andro wi' his Cutty Gun. 
I'm no for letting ye, ye see, 
(As I ware rich) gang lawinfree. 

Poems, Engl. Scotch and Latin, p. 103. 
V. Lauch^ s. 1. 
LAWIT, adj. Lay.] Add; 

" Ordanis that our souerain lordis lettrez be writ- 
tin chargeing the said James Straithauchin to haue 
na dale nor intrometting witht the said benefice of 
Culter in hurting of laude patronage Sc the uniuer- 
sale gud of the realme." Act Dom. Cone. A. 1489]; 
p. 123. 

LAWLAND, Lauland, adj. Belonging to the 
hw country of Scotland, S. 
" That Ergile, with the bondice pjounds] & the 
Justice tharof, sit & hald the Justice are tharof in 
Perth, quhen the kingis grace plesis, sa that euirilk 
heland man ft lauland mane may cum & ask & have 
Justice." Acts Ja. IV. 1503, p. 241. 

— *' Two hie-land regiments; — the other five fafp- 
land regiments." Acts Cha. I. Ed. 1814, VI. 242. 

Lawlands, Lawlans, s. pi. The plain coun- 
try of Scotland, as distinguished from the High-« 
lands ; pron. Lallans. 

9.. The language of the low country, as opposed 
to the Erse or Gaelic^ S. 

LAWRIE, s. A designation for the fox, S. 


LAW SONDAY. V. Lkif Sounday. 
Lawtifull, adj. Most loyal, full of loyalty. 

— '^ And allowing thame, and euerie ane of thame, 
in thair reparing and abyding with his Maiestie, to 
haue done the dewtie of maist loving and lawtiJuU 
subiectis to. thair souerane loyd." Acts Ja. VI. 1584y 
£d, 1814, p. 327, concerning the Raid of Ruthven. 
V. Lawta, &c. 

LAX, s. A salmon, Aberd.] Add; 

'^ In the accioune persewit be James of Douglas 
chaumerlane of the lordschip of Murray aganis James 
Innes of that iike, for the wrangwis occupaciounq 
of oure souerane lordis fisching of the watter of 
Spey, — decrettis — that the said James sail — content 
S: pay to the said James of Dowglaa the preffitis of 
the sade fisching of xx yeris bigane, extending yerely 
to ix"^ of salmond laxis takixy vp be. him, as wes sufn 
ficiently prefijt before the lordis." Act Dom. Cone, 
A. 1488^ p. 89. 



^^Ane half barrell of salmound or xij Sufficient lax" 
&C. Aberd. Reg. A. 1538, V. l6. 

'^ He askit at him tua Sondais laxis" &c. Ibid. 


A myddle-laxy a saknoti of a middle size. " The 
baiUiea decernit him to pay ane n^ddHl lax for him- 
self/' Ibid. 

Lax-fisher,^. A salmon-fisher, Aberd.] Add; 
** Upon the 1 1th of May there was wonderful high 
tempestuous winds, marvellous in May, whereby sun- 
dry persons died, and a /fla;-^j^c7-Qwas] drowned pn] 
the water of Don, and a ship going with victuals to 
Dumbritton likewise perished." Spalding, i. 2 10. {9,^) 
" He also by direction frae the General Assembly, 
charged the masters and iax-Jishers of Dee and Don, 
—to forbear fishing upon Sunday, viz. frae Saturday 
at midnight till Sunday at the same time. — This as- 
sembly got some obedience with great difficulty, for 
it was thouglit no sin to fish upon the sabbath-day 
before." Ibid. p. 299, 300. 
LAZY-BEDS, A plan of planting pota- 
toes, formerly much in use, according to which 
the root was laid on the ground undressed, some 
dung bekig spread tinder it ; the seed and ma- 
nure were then covered with ^arth dug from a 
sort of trench which surrounded the bed^ S. 
'' In ley ground, they are commonly, in Scotland, 
planted in Lazy^heds, as they are called, thus : Af- 
ter the ground is marked out into beds, which can- 
not conveniently be above two yards broad, the same 
is covered with dung and litter," &c. Maxwell's Sel. 
Trans, p. 159. 

'' Lazy-beds, a mode of dressing land peculiar to 
some parts of the highlands. It is most appropriately 
named." Saxon and Gael, iv. 59> 
LE, Lie, &c., s, 1. Shelter.] Add; 

^ The Ue of the hill," is a common phrase for the 
shelter afforded by a rising ground, S. 
LE, LIE, a sort of demonstrative article often 
prefixed to the name of a place or thing, in our 
old deeds, signifying (he, 

" hit my Ine clap and happer ;" Cart. Priorat, Plus- 
carden, A. 1553. V. Leid. JSremng Leid, 

It seems to be merely the Fr. article, le, *^ the, the 
said, the same ;" Cotgr. This, although properly the 
masculine pron., and declinable, in one of its uses is 
indeclinable, and used both as masculine and femi- 
V. Diet. Trev. 


To LEA, Lee, v, a. To leave, Aberd. V. Leed. 
To Lie lea, to remain sometime without being 

cropped, S. 

'^ It [the exhausted land]] was then left to nature 
to recover verdure and fertility, by a number of years 
pasture without the aid of any artificial grasses. This 
was called allowing the ground to Re lee" Agr. Surv. 
Berwicks. p. 210. 

LEAD, A. The name given to the course over 
which the stones are driven in curling, Ang., 
Stirlings., Clydes. Hence, to gae to t/ie leads, 
to go a curling ; Ang. 

In Loth., Ayrs., and some other counties, this is 
called the rink. Some curling societies have an office- 
bearer who is called Master of rinks, it being his pro- 
vince to see that the course be properly swept, and 
tliat the rules of the game be observed. In LanaVks. 


the course is called the rack, although the term rink 
be also used. 

The name Lead may have originated from the first 
player taking the lead in the game ; and he is still 
said to lead. 
Leader, s. In curling, one who takes the lead 

in the gajne, who first lays down his stone, S. 
Next Robin o' Mains, a leader good. 

Close to the witter drew— 
Ratcliff went by, an' cause he miss'd, 
Pronounc'd the ice untrue. 

Davidson's Seasons, p. l66. 
LEAD-BRASH, j. A disease to which brute 

animals are subject at Lead/iills. 

*' Fowb of any kind will not live many days at 
Leadhills. They pick up arsenical particles with 
their food, which soon kills them. Horses, cows, 
dogs, cats, are liable to the lead-brash. A cat, when 
seized with that distemper, springs like lightning 
through every corner of the house, falls into convul- 
sions, and dies. A dog falls into strong convulsions 
also, but sometimes recovers. A cow grows perfectly 
mad in an instant, and must be immediately killed. 
Fortunately tliis distemper does not affect the human 
species." Stat. Ace. App. xxi. 98. 99- V. Brash. 
To LEAD CORN, to drive corn from the field 

to the corn-yard, S. 
LEAD DRAPS, small shot, used in fowling, S. 
LEADEN HEART, a spell, not yet totally dis- 

used in Shetland, which was supposed to restore 

health to those whose ailments could not be ac- 
counted for, 

'^Norna knotted the leaden heart to a chain of gold, 
and hung it around Minna's neck ; — ^a spell, which, 
at the moment I record these incidents, it is known 
has been lately practised in Zetland, where any de- 
cline of health, without apparent cause, is imputed 
by the lower orders to a demon having stolen the 
heart from the body of the patient" The Pirate, iii. 
23, 24. 

The lead, in a state of fusion, must be cast into 
water, receiving its form fortuitously, and be pre- 
pared with a variety of incantations. 

'* Proclamaconis wes maid the tent day of the said 
moneth (Feb. 1591) to all noblemen, baronis, and 
vthetis, within a great number of schirefdomes, to 
ryse in armes with twentie dayes leading." Belha- 
ven MS. Mem. Ja. VI. F. 50. 

Provisions are undoubtedly meant But the term 
would seem strictly to signify as much as one can 
carry at a laid or load. 

LEADIS, s. pi. Languages. V. LIeid, s. 
To LEAGER, v. n. To encamp. 

*' The army leager'd at Pitarro." Spalding. 

Teut. legher-en castra metari ; Sw. laegr-a sig, id. 
Leaguer lady, ^' a soldier'^s wife ; a campaign- 
er ; a camp-trotter," S. ; Gl. Antiq. 
LEAL, adj. Loyal ; honest, &c. V. Leil. 
LEA LAIK, a. A natural shelter for cattle, 

such as is produced by glens or over-hanging 

rocks, Ayrs. 
Lealaike-gair,«. Well shclteredgrazingground; 

sometimes applied to the place where two hills 

join together, and form, a kind of bosom j Ayrs. 


L E C 

If the first part of the word is not merely lea like, 
i. e. like lea ground^ it might seem allied to I si. kUae, 
umbra, and /Uaka aer calidus, q. a warm shelter ; or 
to C.B. Uech, what lies flat; a covert V. Gair, 
Gare, s. 2. 
To L£ AM, V, a. To take ripe nuts out of the 

husk, Roxb. 
Leameb, Leemeb, s. a nut that separates ea- 
sily from the husk, as being fully ripe, ibid. 

'^ Leemers, nuts which leave their husks easily ;" 
Gall. Encycl. 

A.Bor. "laem,Xo free nuts from their husk8;"Grose. 

Flandr. leme, acus^ palea. Isl. lim^a, membratim 
dividere; Dan. soender^lemm'ery id. 
To LEAN DOWN, ». fi. To be seated ; also, 

to lie down, to recline ; often with a reciprocal 

pronoun, S. 
To LEAP OUT, r. n. To break out in an iU 

legal or disorderly way. 

'' He^ in all this time grieving that he had not 
that power in court that he thought his birth and 
place deserved, leapt out, and made sundry out'reds 
against the king ; one in Falkland, and another near 
Edinburgh." Scot's Staggering State, p. 153. 

Sw. loepa ut to run out; Beig.utfiloop-entohreak out. 

LEAPING ILL, the name given to a disease 

of sheep, Annandale; the same with Thorter 

lU^ q. V. 
LEAR, adv. Rather ; i. e. liefer, 

I tear by far she dy'd like Jinken's hen. 
Or we again met yon unruly men. 

Ross's Helenore, First Ed, p. 88. 

Loot, Ed. Third. V. Lever. 
LEASE-HAUD, ^. Possession; q. holding hy 

a lease f Sel kirks. 

" That gang tried to keep vilent lease^hmid o* your 
«in fields, an' your ain ha', till ye gae them a killi- 
coup." Brownie of Bodsbeck, i. 286. 
LEASH, adj. Clever, agile, S.A. 

'^ She replaced the hares on the floor, evidently 
affected by their association with her lover, and his 
favourite pursuits. — ' Even take some of the ripest, 
and greet about his gifts again, and get another ; he 
was a le<ish lad and a leal." Blackw. Mag. May 
1820, p. 160. 

LEASING-MAKER, Leasing-makino. V. 

Leasumlie, adv. Lawfully ; a term used in our 

old laws. 

** Gif ony man hes sum landis pertening to him 
as heritage, and sum uther landis as conqueist, he 
may leasumUe give all and hail his conqueist landis, 
or ony part thairof, withdut consent of his eldest 
sone, to his secund or ony uther eder born sone, to 
remane with thame perpetuallie in all time cuming." 
Leg. Burg. Balfour's Pract p. l62. V. Lesuh. 
LEATER MEATE. V. Lattee-meat. 
LE ATH, s. The lay of a weaver^s loom. 

^* The weaver should hold his foot firmly and 
strongly on his treddles whilst he weaves, and like- 
wise be careful each time he throws the shuttle, that 
he draws the thread straight and light C^ght?^ to 
the cloth, before he strikes with the Uath, or removes 
his feet." Maxwell's Sel. Trans, p. 842. 


^ Evidently the same with Teut laede, pecten, men* 
tioned under Lay, q. v. 
To LEATH, V. a. To loiter. 

'' The earle of Angus cam haistilie to Edinburgh, 
to the governour, shewing him, if he leathed still at 
home, vsing the counsall of the preistis and cardi- 
nall, he would tyne all Scotland." Pitscottie's Cron. 
p. ^S6. V. Leit, «. to delay. 
To LEATHER, v. a. 1. To lash, to flog.] Add ; 

2. To batter soundly ; transferred to battle. 

" I cam to a place where there had been some clean 
leathering, and a' the puir chields were lying thare 
buskit wi' their claes just as they had put them on 
that morning." Tales of my Liuidlord, iii. 199. 

3. To tie tightly, Ettr. For. ; q. to bind with a 

Leathebin, 9. A beating, a drubbing, S. 

*' There was a wheen chaps here speerin' after 
you, an' they're gaun to gie you a leatherin'.' ' A 
leatherin', friend!' said I, * pray what may thatmean?' 
' 'Tis what we ca' threshin' ane's skin i' some places ; 
or, a drubbing, as an Englishman wad ca't,' return- 
ed he." Hogg's Winter Tales, i. 262. 
To LEATHER, v. n. To go cheerfully, to 

move briskly, S. ; a low word. 

An' shearers frae the hamlets roun' 
Wi' souple shanks war leatherin. 

Rev. J. NicoFs Poetns, i. 1 42. 
* LEATHER. Looseleather. V. under Louse, v. 
LEAU6H, adj. Low ; Selkirks. V. Leuch. 
To LEBER, Lebber, v. a. To bedaub, tobe- 

slabber ; as, ^' Thai bairns has leberH a^ the ta* 

ble ; leberinffy the actof beslabbering, Teviotd. 

Isl. lap, Dan. Udten, sorbillum. V. Labber, v. 
Lebber-beards, s. pi. Broth, used b^the pea* 

santry, made of greens, thickened witli a httle 

oat.meal^ Roxb. 
Lebbers, s. pL Droppings from the mouth, 8sc. 

in eating or drinking, ibid. 
To LECHE, V. a. To cure, to heal] Add ; 

" To leich Ike sare, Scot" Callander's M.S. Notes 
on Ihre, vo, Laek a, mederi. 
Lech, Lecue, Leiche, s. 1. A physician, &c.l 


" Leche," says Strutt, " was the name by which 
all professors of surgery and physic were anciently 
distinguished ; and in some parts of the kingdom to 
this day, a cotv doctor is called a goto leche.*' Angel- 
cynnan, ii. 20. 

S. Leicht occurs Aberd. Reg., as denoting a. bar- 
ber ; as surgeons and barbers originally belong-^ 

ed to one incorporation. 
Leiching, Leicument, 8. Medical aid. 

" Assoon as the said preist saw the king, he knew 
him incontinent, and kneeled down upon his knee, 
and speired at the king's Grace, if he might live if 
he had good leiching." Pitscottie, Fol. Ed. p. go, 
Leichment, Ed. 1814, p. 221. 

'' Nicolas Pirotus — sett his whoU studie to abolich 
the old rud maner of leichment, and to gamisch and 
teach the youth with eloquent language, in all kyndis 
of sciencies." Pitscottie's Cron. p. 1 64. 
LECHEGE, s. Leakage. " His defalt & kch^ 

ege of the wyne," Aberd. Reg. A. 1545^ V. 19, 



LECK» s. The name given to any stone that 

stands a strong fire, as greenstone, trapp, &c. or 

such as is generally used in ovens, Fife, Loth. 

'' These [[trap, whinstone, and amorphous basalt] 
often graduate into each other, and are often inter- 
mixed, in their imperfect, irregular, and troubled 
stratification, with a half lapidified tough and com- 
pact clay, called leek by the quarriers." Agr. Surv. 
Berw. p. 41. 

This, perhaps, is the same substance which, in 
Ireland, is called lacJc'cUxy. 

** Immediately under the moor, is a thin stratum 
of what they call lack-clay, which is like baked clay, 
the thickness of a tile, and no water gets through it. 
Under it lime-stone gravel/' Young's Tour in IreL 

LEDDYR, s. Leather. ^^ InsuiScient schone 

& leddyrr Aberd. Reg. A. 1538. V. 16. 

" To quyt thaimselfis for the bying of rocht Uddyr 
on the get and in landwart ;" i. e. buying wrought 
leather on the way to the town. Ibid. 
Lkdderane, LEDD£aiKG,a(^'. Made of leather, 


'^ Four sarkis of holand lynning worth liij lib., ane 
Ifdderane coit worth tua crovnis of the sone, xlij 
Flemis ell of Sandeill the price sax lib., & ane stik 
of Colyne silk for beltis 6c gartanis the price viij sh. 
grit." Aberd. Reg. A. 1545. V. 19. 

Ane ledderane coit must here mean a buff coat, or 
hoqueton, used for defence. 

'' Item in a leddering purs beand in the said blak 
coffre, tuelf score & xvi salutis." Inventories, p. 12. 
LED FARM, a farm on which the tenant does 

not reside, S. 
LEDGIN, a* A parapet, that especially of a 

bridge, S. 

'' He raise up, an' gied a glower as gin he faund 
the tow round his neck ; an' syne, wi' a yell like a 
fiticket bull, loupit richt ower my head, far beyont 
the ledgin' o' the brig." St. Kathleen^ iv. 143. 
LEDINGTON, s. A kind of apple, S. 

*' Apples. W/iiie Ledingion, Green Ledington, 
Grey Ledinglan*' P. Carluke, Stat. Ace. viiL 125. 

''We have also— -for the kitchen the Codling, Lid-- 
ingtarvn, and Rubies." Reid's Scots Gard'ner, p. 121. 

This has evidently received its name from Leding- 
ton, or Lethington, in the county of Haddington, for- 
merly a seat of the Lauderdale family, now, under 
the name of Lennox-Love, the property of Lord 
LEE, ^. LiUU Lee^ apparently slender means of 

escape. To set ai little lee^ to leave scarcely any 

means of shelter. This phrase I have met with 

only in one passege. 

Then Hobbie Noble is that deer ! 

I wat he carries the style fu' hie ; 
Aft has he driven our bluidhunds back. 
And set ourseltes at Utile lee. 

Hobby Noble, Minstr. Border, i. I89. 

Dan. he shelter ; A.S. hleo, kleorv, umbraculum ; 
asylum, refugium. V. Lk, Lib. 
LEE,*. Shelter. 

Lkk, (xdj. Sheltered. V. Le, Lie, &c. 
LEE AR, s, A liar, one who utters falsehoods, S. 


Lee-like, adj. Having the appearance of false- 
hood ; as, " It was a very lee-like story," S. 

To LEECH, Leetch, v. a. To pin or splice 
two pieces of wood together. Thus, when the 
shaft of a cart is broken, it is said to be leetchedy 
when spliced with a piece to supply the place 
of that which has been broken oft*, Roxb. 

Leech, s, A piece of wood nailed across the 
broken tram or shaft of a cart, or any kind of 
wooden utensil for supporting it, Selkirks. 
There can scarcely be a doubt that this is merely 

a metaph. use of Leech as signifying to act the part 

of a physician ; q. to cure, to heal. V. Leche, v. 

LEEFUL, Leefou-heartit, a^. Compassion- 
ate.] Add; 
—Ane leifu mayden stude at her knee, 
With ane sylver wand, and melting ee. 
—The leifu mayde with the raeltyng eye, 
Scho droppit ane tear, and passit bye. 

Queen's Wake, p, I76. 

LEEFOW, adj. Wilful, obstinate, Teviotd. 
As A.Bor. leefand leeve, (E. lief J signify willingly, 

this term may be analogous to wilful, q. ^'fidl of one's 

own will." 

LEEM, adj. Earthen. V. Lame. 

LEEMERS, 8. pi V. Leamer. 

To LEENGE, v. n. To slouch ; as « a leen^n 
ganger,^ one who slouches in his gait, Roxb. 
Su.G. laeng-a retardare; or corr. from £. to lounge. 

LEENGYIE, adf. A weaver**s web, when it is 
of a raw or thin texture, is said to have ^^ a leen-* 
gjfie appearance,^ Ayrs. 
' A.S. ia«//^ fragilis ; macilentus, tenuis; frail; lean, 

thin ; from laene, id. Somner. 

LEENO, Leenon, 9. The name given by the 
common people to the fabric called thread gauze, 
Loth., Fife. 

hinon is the Fr. term for lawn. This, however, 
is synon. with linomple, defined by Cotgr. '^ a fine, 
thinne, or open- waled linnen much used in Picardie 
(where it is made) for women's kerchers." 

To LEEP, V. a. 1. To heat. Leepitf parboiled, 

V. Lepe. 
2. " To burn slightly ; to scorch the outside of 

any thing roasted, while it is raw in the middle;'' 

Gl. Surv. Moray. 
To LEEP, V. a. To cozen, to deceive, S.B, 

" Leep, to cheat one in a bargain," GL Surv. Moray. 

This is given as if it were an oblique sense of the 
V. signifying to heat ; to bum slightly, &c. But I 
am convinced that it is radically different. It seems 
to claim the same origin with Teut. leep crafty ; cal- 
lidus, versutus, vafer, subdolus ; Kilian. 'This he 
views as an oblique sense of leep, lippus, blear- 
eyed ; because, he says, those who are blear*eyed, 
blind of one eye, or pink-eyed, are generally crafty 
and deceitful : Sunt enim lippi, lusci, peti plerum- 
que versipelles, vafVi, subdoli. Leep-en lippire ; lee^ 
pigkeyd, lippitudo et calliditas, astutia ; leepaerd 
petus ; et homo callidus. Belg. leep is still used iu 
both significations. 
LEEPER FAT, adi. Very fat, S.A.] Add; 

If not corr. from Isl. lyrefeU-er, hlyrfeU'r, prae- 
pinguis ; or hleyp^a, coaguiare, q. to curdle, like wlut 



is lapper^d ; perhaps from C.B. Hcipyr^ flaccid^ glib, 

smooth, as we say vulgarly, that one's skin is lying in 

lirks fvi'fat, S. S. type itself signifies a crease or fold. 

LEERIE, s. The designation given by children 
to a. lamp-lighter, Aberd., Edin., Lanarks. 
Probably of Welsh extract. C.B. llcrvyr radiance, 

Ucwyr-aw to radiate ; lleivyrch illumination. Isl. Uori 

signifies a window. 

LEEROCH, s. A term used in Ayrs. and bor- 
ders of Galloway, to denote a peat-moss. " Will 

. ye gang a day to the Leeroch f^ Will you go 
to tne moss and cast peats for a day ? 
I can find no proof that this word is of Celtic ori- 

.gin. Isl. leir signifies argilla ; lutum, coenum ; /ei- 

rug-r lutulcntus ; leirg-a collutare, lutulare. 

LEEROCH, s. L The site of an old house, or 
the vestiges of ancient battlements, Renfrews. 

2. Local position, Ayrs. ; the same with Lerroch^ q.v. 

To LEESE, V, a. 1. To pass a coil of ropes 
through the hands in unwinding it, or in ga- 
thering it again after it has been unwound, 
Ettr. For. 

2. The term is also used to denote the act of ar- 
ranginganumber of entangled bits of packthread 
by collecting them into one hand, ibid. 

3. To gather any thing, as straws, or rushes, neat- 
ly into the grasp of the hand, Roxb. 

** To Leese, to arrange, to trim, to sort ;" Gall. Enc. 
To Leese out^ v. a. To be prolix in narration. 

One who, in telling a story, makes as much of 

it as possible, is said to leese it aiit^ ibid. 

It is given assynon. with thev./o Tome, or Tmtm,oui. 

A.S. les-an liberare, solvere. Of this v. we have 
a vestige in O.E. "Lesittge or losinge of thinge bown- 
den. Sol utio." Prompt. Par V. Isl./^^^j-a^id.Moes.G. 
A.S. lis-an colligere, congregare ; Alem. Belg. les-^n, 
id. Indeed E. lease signifies to glean. 
To LEESH) V. n. To move quickly forward, 


She sees him leeskin* up the crafl 
An' thinks her whittle's i' the shafl. 

W. Beanie's Tales, p. 3U 
Probably from the idea of applying the leash or lash. 
LEESOME, ad;. Easily moved to pity, Tweedd. 

V. Leissdm. 
LEESUM, adj. Speaking in a lying or hyper- 
bolical manner ; as, ** If it's nae lee, it's e'en 

unco leesum like ;'' Roxb. V. Lee, s. a lie. 
LEET, s, 1. One portion of many, a lot.] Add; 

This term is used to denote a division in an oblong 
stack of grain or pulse which may be taken down 
and thrashed at one time, without exposing the stack 
to be injured by the weather, Berwicks. 

'^ Sometimes, however, they Qbeans] are built in 
oblong stacks, having interruptions without spaces, 
dividing them into portions of convenient size for 
being thrashed at one time. — These long stacks are 
provincially called Sows, and the separate divisions 
are termed leets" Agr. Surv. Berw. 
To Leet, Leit, v. a. To put in nomination, in 

order to election, where there are more candi* 

dates than one, S. 

*' And to present ane leit to my Lord aucht per- 


sounes :— -and to leit and present twa persounes with 
the auld thesaurar to the thesaurarie of the said cie- 
tie." &c. Acts Ja. VI. l6 12, Ed. 1814, p. 518. 

" Mr. David Calderwood — has pressed so a new 
way of leeiing the Moderator for time to come, that 
puts in the hand of base men to get one whom they 
please, to our great danger." Baillie's Lett. ii. 26l. 
To LEET, V. n. To pretend. V. Leit. 
To LEET, V. n. To ooze very slowly by occa- 
sional dropping, Fife. 

C.B. llaidy a humid state ; leilh-iaw, to dissolve, to 
become moist. 
To LEET m, V. a. To attend to, Fife. 

" Do ye think I was na bred wi' Mr. Doig, at 
Falklan school, wha could hae learned the very kaes 
that biggit in the auld palace to speak Latin, as my 
auld granny said, gin they had only leeied till him V 
Edin. Month. Mag. May 1817, p. 138. 

Su.G. lyd-a iili, Isl. lUyd^a, audire, aures adver- 
tere; lytki auditus. Hence O.E. iith, lilhe, lythe. 
Now lilh and lysten, gentlymen, &c. 

Adam Bell, Percy's Rel. i. 114. 
LEETHFOW, adj. Sympathizing, Roxb. 
A corr. of Leeful, compassionate, q. v. 

LEEVIN LANE, quite alone. 

" I have been,' said she, * o'er the sea, by my lee* 
vin lane, for nae ither end — but to see the place where 
the great battle was fought and won." The Steam* 
Boat, p. 37' 

This may be a provinciality in Ayrs., but certain- 
ly anomalous. Leeforv lane is undoubtedly the pro* 
per phrase. 
LEFT) pret. Remained ; used in a passive sense* 

V. Leve, V, n. 
LEFULL, LEiFUL,flr(f/. Lawful.] ^cU to proof 
from Wiclif ; 

" Lefull, [Fr.] licite ;" Palsgr. B. iii. F. 90, a. 
To LEG, V. n. To run ; a low word, S.] Add; 
Some spunkies, or some same-like ills. 

Fast after him they leggit ; 

An' mony a day he ran the hills> 

He was sae sairly fleggit. — 

Tarras's Poems, p. 70. 
To LEG awat/j v.n. To walk clumsilv, Berwicks. 
Perhaps from a common origin witn £. Lag, to 
loiter; Su.G. lagg, extremitas. 

LEGACIE, s. The state or oflSce of a papal le- 

" Thisprior Johne Hepburtie — shew how bischope 
Forman had gathered all the substance of Scotland 
be his legacie" Pitscottie's Cron. p. 296. I^gateship, 
Edit. 1728. 

LEGAGE, 8. Supposed to signify leakage of a 
ship, &c. Aberd. Reg. A. 1535, V. 15, p. 26. 

The language is still retained in France, or was so 
till very lately. It is applied to counsellors, legates, 
cardinals, &c. Un tel ev^ue est Conseiller-»^ d'un 
tel Parlement — un tel Prelat est Legat-ni du S. Si6ge. 
L'Abb^ de Venddrae est Cardinal-n^, a droit de por- 
ter un chapeau rouge aur ses armes. Diet. Trev. vo. 
Nailre. The idea obviously is, that the person refer- 
red to has, from his office, the same right which ano- 
ther has, in a different respect, by his birth, . 


LEG-BAIL, s.] Add; 

The phraseology is occasionally varied. 
" Daune Market. — There were some notorious cha- 
racters, who, upon a general search, gave leg bail for 
their honesty : but these faithful constables— expect 
that some of them will return to the ensuing mar- 
ket, when they will be better recognised, and may 
depend upon free quarters," Edin. Correspondent, 
Nov. 10. 1814. 
LEG-BANE, s. The shin, S. Callander's MS. 

Notes on Ihre, vo. Laeggy os. 
LEG DOLLOR, perhaps a dollar of Leige. 

** Taken away— of money tuo leg dollars" De- 
pred. on the Clan Campbell, p. 81. 

We find, however, the phrase " ane leggit doUor ;*' 
Ibid. p. 100. 

LEGGAT, Legget, Leggit, s, A term used 
in play. A stroke at handball, golf, &c. which 
is not fair, or which, on account of some acci- 
dental circumstance, is not counted, is said to 
be leggat, u e. null ; Loth. 
LEGGIN, s. The angle in the bottom of a cask, 

or wooden vessel, S. 
To Lip and leggin. A phrase applied to drink 
in a vessel. The person to whom it is offered, 
holds the vessel obliquely, so as to try whether 
the liquid contmned in it will at the same time 
touch the leggin^ or angle in the l)ottom, and 
reach to the hp or rim. If it does not, he re- 
fuses to receive it, saying, " There^s no a drink 
there, it 'ill no lip and legging Fife. V. Lagen. 
LEGGIN S, s, pi. Long gaiters, reaching up 
to the knees, S. ; evidently from E. leg, 
" Strong clouted shoes, studded with hobnails, 
and gramoches,.or teggins, mad^ of thick black cloth, 
completed his equipment." Tales Landlord, Ji. 14. 
LEG-ILL, s. A disease of sheep, causing lam&i 
ness, called also Black leg. South of S. 
" Black leg, Mr. Beattie. Leg ill, Mr. Scott," 
Essays Highl. Soc. iii. 481. 
LEGIM, adv. Astride. To ride teginiy or on 
legim^ to ride after the masculine mode, as op- 
posed to sitting sideways, Roxb. ; synon. striae" 
legSy S. 

Su.G. laegg, Isl. legg-r, crus, the leg-bone ; per- 
haps q. laegg om, having the '^ leg around" the horse. 
LEGITIM, *. The lawful portion of moveables 
to which a child is entitled on the death of a 
father; a Jaw terra, S. 

" No legitim can be claimed by children but out 
of the moveable estate belonging to their father at 
the time of his death." Ersk. Inst. B. iii. t 9. § 1 7* 
Fr. legitime, L.B. legititn-a, pars haeriditatis legi- 
bus constituta, Du Cange. 
LEGLIN, s. A milk-pail.] Add; 

IsL leigill, ampulla, seria, assumes a form still 
nearer in dat. pi. letglinnm. Her gutlar d lesUnum, 
" It chinks, or guggles in the leglin" V. Haldorson, 
vo. Gutla. 
LEG-0'ER-IM, adth Having one leg over the 

other ; or, as a tailor sits on his board, Roxb. 
LEG POWSTER. " Ane testament maid be 



vmquhill Alex' Kay baxter in his leg powster.'" 

Aberd. Reg. V. 24. 

A ludicrous corr. of the forensio phrase Liege 
Pouslie, " a state of health, in contradistinction to 
deathbed. A person possessed of the lawful power 
of disponing the legitima potestas is said to be in liege 
pouslie." Bell's Law Diet. 

LEICHMENT, s. Cure of diseases. V. under 
Leche, v. 

LEY COW, Lea Cow, a cow that is neither with 
calf nor gives milk, as distinguished from a 
Ferry cow^ which though not pregnant con- 
tinues to give milk, S.B. ; pron. q. lay cow. 
Supposed to be denominated from the idea of 

ground not under crop, or what lies ley. 

LEID, s. People.] Add to etymon given under 

Leidy a man ; 

This word seems to have been of general use 
among both Goths and Celts. For besides the C.B., 
Ir. Gael, luchdy folk, is defined as corresponding with 
Lat. gens : and Ir. liachd, '* a great many, a multi-t 
tude," is probably the same term a little varied. Ir. 
Gael, sleachd, or sliocht, a tribe, may be merely liachd 
or luclid, with the sibilation prefixed. 
LEID, Lede, Leed, Leet, s. 1. Language.] 

Add; It also assumes the form of L^odand Leed. 

'^ Also they could speak sundrie leadis." Pitscot- 
tie's Cron. p. 247. languages, Edit. 1728. 

'Twas that grim gossip, chandler-chafled want, 

— Gar'd him cry on thee, to blaw throw his pen, 

Wi' leed that well might help him to come ben. 

Ross's Heknore, Invocation. 
LEID, s. A load, Aberd. 
LEID, s. Lead (metal), Abefd. Reg. 
LEID, 8. 

The Regent then gart mak ane tioun, 
To leue the spuilye vnder pane of deid : 
He curis for na thing hot the kingis munition ; 
Aa for the laue, thair was hot lytill kid. 
Sege Edius CasUl, Poans l6th Cent. p. 295. 

The sense seems to be, '* as for the rest, there was lit- 
tle concern." But I kngw of no similar word, which 
can bear this sense. It is, therefore, probable, thaf 
the author had written heid, i. e. heed, attention. 
LEID, s. A mill-race. V. Lade. 
LEID. Brewifig Leidy an implement formerly 

used in brewing. 

" He that is richteous air — ^may, be ressoun of air- 
schip, challenge — the best brewing leid, the mask 
fat, with tub, barrellis, and ]aid-g^on^" 8(Q. BaU 
four's Pract p. 234. 

This is the translation of — Melius plumbum cum le 
mask-fstl, cupam, barrellam, lagenam. Leg. Burg. c. 
125. § 1 . Whatever was the use of this vessel, it has 
evidently been of lead, 

" Ane mekill kid, ane litill leid, tua litsaltis, tua 
cruikis, & ane schuill." Aberd. Reg. A. 1545, 
V. 91. 

It seems doubtful, whether it has been denomi- 
nated from the metal of which it was made, or from. 
Teut laede, Germ, lade, Su.G. laada, cista, theca, 

LEIF, Leii^f, 8. Leave, permission.] Add; 

L E I 

L E I 

To Give a servant Leif^ or Leave^ to dismiss or 
discharge from service ; a phrase still common- 

ly used, S. . 

*^ Sche dischargit hir of hir said seruice and gaif 
kir hir Idfr Aberd. Reg. A. 1540. V. 20. 
Leif, 8. Remainder. 

— '* The foirsychtis cramasy sating, and the leif 
with reid taffate." Inventories, A. 1542, p. 100. V. 
To Leif, Lyf, v. n. To live.] Add; 

A.S. he-lif-an signifies superesse, to be left, to re- 
main; he-lifiend, vivens, superstes, remanens, living, 
surviving, remaining ; Somner. 
LEIFSUM, adj, 1. Proper, desirable.] Add^ 

as sense 
8. Easily moved to pity, Tweedd. 

Ye wives ! whase leesome hearts are fain 

To get the poor man's blessin. 
Your trarapit gimels dinna hain^ 
What's gien will ne'er be missin. 

Rev. J, NtcoVs Poems, i. 27. 
LEIFU', adj. Discreet, moderate; Selkirks. 

" The ewes had been very mensefu' that night, 
they had just comed to the merch and nae farther ; 
sae, I says, puir things, sin ye hae been sae leifu\ 
we'll sit down and rest a while, the dog an' me, an* 
let ye tak a pluck an' fill yersels or we turn ye back 
up to your cauM lairs again." Brownie of Bodsbeck, 
i. 141. V. Laifhfow, of which this seems to be 
merely a corrupt pronunciation. 
LEIL, ad;. 5. A Ml stroke.^ ^cH; In this sense, 
although figuratively, it isapplied to maledictions. 
This phrase also signifies a smart or severe stroke, 
what is often called a '' home stroke," S.B. 
An' on that sleeth Ulysses head 
Sad curses down does bicker ; 
If there be gods aboon, I'm seer 
He'll get them leel and sicker. 

Poems in the Buchan Dialict, p. 6. 
With that stepp'd forward Tulloch— 

An' (saying, to hit he'd try) 
A leal shot ettled at the cock. 
Which shov'd the winner by. 

Davidson's Seasons, p. I67. 
Leil share has been expl. full share. But it seems 
properly to signify due proportion, as belonging to 
sense 4. 

" I have had my leal share of wrongs this way." 
Peden's Life by Walker, p. 134. 
Leil, adv. Smartly, severely, Aberd. 
Lelely, Lelily, adv. Faithfully. 

Thair frendschip woux ay mar and mar ; 
For he serwyt ay lelely, 
And the tothir full willfully. 

Barbour, ii. 171> MS. 
" The said William tuk apone him & maid faith 
to minister lelUi/ tharintill as efferit of law." Act. 
Audit. A. 1489, p. 135. 

This had evidently been pronounced as a word of 
three syllables. 

LEILL, s. A single stitch in marking on a sanu 
pier. A double kill is the going over a single 
stitch, which makes it more lasting, Mcarns. 
To LEIN, V. n. To cease. 


It occurs in a curious attempt at wit, at the ez« 
pense of Lauderdale and Rothes. 

But Scotland's plague's, a plague of Dukes : 

But they're such Dukes as soon do tyre 

To plash together in one myre. 

And so the one the other out pakes. 

Which makes folk think they 'reall but Drakes^—* 

For pareing time, and all the year. 

Is one to them, they never lein; 

Harvest and Hay time they're as keen 

In their debating, as it were 

After the last of Januare. 

Cleland*s Poems, p. 96. V. Leen. 
To LEIND, &c. V. n. 1. To dwell, to abide.] 
Add to etymon ; 

I prefer, however, tracing this term to Isl. lend^, 
sedem sibi figere; a secondary g^nse of the v. as pri- 
marily signifying, navem appellere, to land. 
LEINFOU, Leixfou-heartit, adj. Eind« 
hearted, feeling, compassionate, Aberd. 
This may be allied to Belg. leenig, tractable, soft ; 
Su.G. len mollis; Dan. lind, soft, mild, gentle, ten« 
der, compassionate ; Isl. hlynna, favere, bene velle ; 
lin-a lenire; whence Unkind, also hlinkind, dementia, 
benevolentia ; propitiatio. 
LEINGIE (g liquid), s. The loin, Clydcs. 
Leimgie-siiot, s. Having the loins dislocated; 
spoken of horses, ibid. 

Teut. loenie, longie, lumbus vitulinus. Shot is here 
used for dislocation, in the same way as Su.G. skint-^ 
is applied to any thing that is extruded from its pro« 
per place ; Quod loco motum est, et prominet, Ihre. 
To LEIP, V, n. Apparently, to boil. 

Myn wittis hes he waistit oft witli wyne ; 
And maid my stomek with hait lustis leip. 
^ King Hart, ii. 62. V. Lepe, v, 
LEIPPIE, J. The fourth part of a peck, S. V. 

LEIRICHIE-LARICHIE (gutt), s. Mutual 

whispering, Mearns. 
To Leibichie-laeichie, v. fi. To speak in 

mutual whispers, ibid. 

Teut. laeri-en signifies ineptire, nugas ineptiasque 
dicere aut facere, instar vanae mulieris; from Laerie, 
mulier vaniloqua. 
LEIS, s. Perhaps a load. ** Tua leisis of tal- 

lowne.*" Aberd. Reg. V. 25. 
Su.G. lass, Isl. hlas, vehes. Last, onus, a load, ac- 
knowledges the same origin. A.S. hlaesie, navis onus. 
LEISE-MAJESTY, Leiss-maiestxe, Lese- 
majesty, 8. 1. The crime of high treason; 

Fr. lese-mqjesiL 

" I'hat quhat sumeuer persoune or persounis in 
ony tyme tocum takis ony bischeppis places, cas* 
tellis, or strentliis, — sail incure the cryme of tre- 
soune & leiss maiestie" Acts Ja. V. 1 526, Ed. 1814, 
p. 310. 

Fr. les-er to hurt, Lat. laed-ere, whence laes-io, a 
hurt or injury. 
2. Used, in a religious sense, to denote treason 

against Jesus Christ as Sovereign of his churdi. 
— " The men are really breaking down the church- 
in coming to bow before, and beg and take from, and 
render thanks too unto the usurper, — ^\^'hile doing 

L S M 

L E N 

that which makes him guiky of Lest^MajeHiff*' &c. 
M*Ward'8 Contendmgs, p. o. 

" A faithful minister— -considering the hazard the 
subjects of their blessed King are in, to be seduced 
into acts of high.disloyaltj and lese'tnafesttf, must set 
himself^ with an open*mouthed plainness,-— to wit- 
ness and testify against both-^the indulging usurper, 
and his indulged*" Ibid* p. 271* 
LEISH, adf. Active, clever. V. Liesh. 

^ I's be even hands wi' them an'mair, an' then 111 
laugh at the ieUhesi o' them.** Perils of Man, i. 325. 
Leishin, pari^ adj. 1. Tall and active, applied 

to a person of either sex, Lanarks. It differs 

from StrappiufCj as not implying the idea of 


2. Exten^ve, as applied to a field, farm, parish, 
&c., ibid. 

3. Long, as referring to a journey, ibid. 
Leisheb, «. 1. A tall and active person, ibid. 
2. An extensive tract, ibid. 

Sw A long joumeyi ibid. 

The idea seems borrowed from that of let^g loose; 
Isl. Im^, Uys^a, solvere, expedire ; q. that which ex« 
pands or extends itself in whatever way. 
LeISOME, adf. Warm, sultry; GL Shirr. V. 


LEISSURE,. Lizzmux, #. Pasture betweeo two 
com fields; sometimes used, m<»e geiieraUy,for 
ainr grazing ground, Ayrs. Y. Lesubes. 
To Leistxe, v. a. To strike with a fish^spear^ 
StiriiJigs., Ayrs. V. Leibteii, Listeb, s. 
^' The messenger was ably supported by his first 
prisoner, who^akhonghheoouldnot understand upon 
what reasonabls pounds « man should be placed in 
fetters for Uesierin' ^. salmon, his duty to assist 
the constable in the detection of theft." Calad. Merc 
Dec 11, 1823. 

To LEIT, to Let ok, sense 1.] Add; 

** While I pray, Christ lOidk not an hmn that he 
nther heareth or seedi me.'' Z. Boyd's L. Battell, 
p. 315. Add to sense £ ;. 

But they need na Itf a» that he's cruie. 
His pike»staff wuU ne'er let him fa'. 

/{eo. /. Nieots Poems, ii. 157. 

To LEIT, v. a. To put in nomination. V. Leet. 
hV:iT, pret. y.'LEToi. 
LEIT, s. A link of horse hair for a fishing line, 
Upp. Clydes. ; synon. Tippet^ Snoodj Tame* 

To LEYTCH, v. n. To loiter, Tweedd. 

Su.G. laeU'jcu pigrari^ otiari ; lot piger ; Alem. lat, 
£. lazy, 

LEIWAR, $. Livfer, survivor. 

'^ And to die langest Idmar of thame twa in lyfr 
rent,** &c AcU Cha. I. Ed. 1814, V. 558. 
LE-LANE, be quiet, give over, Roxb. ; appa* 

rently abbreviated from the imperative phrase^ 

Let alanej or q. lea [i. c leave] o&me. 
LELE, adf. Loyal, fiutliful, &c V. Lsil. 
LELBLY,LBLiLY,aJi7. Faithfully. V. under Leil; 
Lemaneye, «• Illicit love ; an amour. 

" It is entitled, Ane speetshand defens maide by 
Normaund Hnntyr of Poomoode on ane wyte of rojet 

Vol. IL 67 

and lemanrye with £lenir Ladye of Hume." Hogg's 

Winter Tales, ii. 40-41. 

To LEME, i;. w. To blaze, &c, S.] Add; 

" Lemyn as lowe of fyre. Flammo." Prompt. Parv. 
Hence the Ml s. *^ hawjngt or lemynge of fyre. 
Flammacio." Ibid. 
Leme, s. Gleam<] Add ; 

" Leme or lowe. Flanuafta." Prompt. Parv. 
Lek, Leane, Lend, s. A loan, S.] Add; 

" The Marquis of Huntly was advised to dwell in 
New Aberdeen ; it is said he wrote to his cousin the 
Earl Marischal for the lend of his house in Aberdeen 
to dwell in for a time (thinking and taking Marischal 
to be on the king's side, as he was not), but he was 
refused." Spalding's Troubles, i. 104. 

Balfour writes lettne, ^* Quhat is ane lenne, and of 
the restitution thairof." Pract p. 197> 

Lane, id. Yorks. *' For tK lang lane is when a thing 
is borrowed with an intention never to be pay'd a« 
gain." Clav. p. 106, 
LENDINGS, s. pL Pay of an army, arrears. 

-~'' He thought it was then fit time to make a 
reckoning with the armie, for their by-past lendinge, 
and to cast some thing in their teedi, being much 
discontented. To satisfie our hunger a little, we did 
get of by«past tendings three paid us in hand, and 
bills of exchange given ua for one and twentie letuU 
ings more^ which should hare been^paid at Ausburg." 
Monro's Exped. P. II. p. 131. 

Belg. leening, " soi^ldiers pay ;" Sewel. Germ. 
lehnung stipendium, aes militare ; Wachter. Leh-' 
nung primarily signifies concessio fundi, from lehn 
feudum. For, as Wachter observes, a gift of land 
was originally the stipend of soldiers. Afterwards, 
though the manners were changed, the ancient term 
was retained. 
To LENE, V. a. To give, to grant. 

Sythens scho ask, no licence to her lene. 

King Hart. V. Sythens and Lenit. 
LENY, *. The abbrev. of Leonard. " Leny 

Irving C" Acts iii. 898. 
LEN YIE,Lenye, od/. l.Lean.] AddXoeiymou\ 

To A.S. laenig, I apprehend, we may fairly trace 
Lancash. '^ knnockf^lendeT, pliable;'* G1.T. Bobbins; 
and A.Bor. *' Ungey, limber ;" Ray. *^ Leeny, alert, 
active," (Grose), seems originally the same with the 
latter ; as those who are limber are generally most 
alert in their motions. 
LENK, s. a link of horse-hair which connects 

the hooks and line in angling, Clydes. 

The same with £. filter, only pronounced like Su.Q^ 
laefdc^ lenk, id. 
LENNER, s. Lender. 

" Ordaines th6 tenners to pay the same yeirlie and 
tterralie.'^ Acts Cha. I. Ed. 1814, V. 40. 


" With the only power — to have and make are* 
holes [airholes^ sinks, levells, tenskers, aqueducts, 
waterdrawghts, water workes, and vthers vsefull and 
lieoessar for winning aiid vpholding of the saids 
coalls and coallhewgh8,"&c Acts Cha. II. viii. 139. 
LENTHIE, adj. Long, S.O. 

It wad hie right some ane wad tak 
A tenlkk stout horse tether, 


L E R 

Fatdd yoDt yer luiuns ahint yer back. 
An' bind them finn thegidier. 

Picken's Poems, I 108. 
LEST, ad;. Slow. 

" The last trick they have fallen on to usurp the 
magistracy, is^ by the diligence of their sessioners to 
make factions in every craft, to get the deacons-f- 
created of their side. But this UrU way does not sa* 
tisfy. It is feared, by Wariston's diligence, some or« 
ders shall be procured by Mr» Gillespie, to have all 
the magistrates and council chosen as he will." 9ail- 
lie's Lett ii. 435. 

Fr. ient, Lat letU-tu, id. This is perhaps to be pre- 
ferred, as the or^in ofLenUfire, to &at given in Dicr. 

In proof of this being the true origin, we may also 
refer to another use of the same term. 

" Sir James Balfour says he died of a lent fiver,*' 
Keith's Hist p^ 22. 

LENT, s. The pme at cards in E. called Loo ; 

})erhaps from being much practised about the 

time of Lentf Gall. 

'^ That Scottish game at eavds, called Lent, is ge« 
nerally played at for money." CralL Encyd. p. 36. 
V. Lant. 

Lentxd, part. pa. Beat in this game, looed, Gall. 
** One of the gamblers— is tented, which is, out- 
played," &c. Ibid. p. S7. V. Lantit. 
Lentrenvase, s. a denomination of skins; 
those of lambs that have died soon after being 
dropped ; still called LenirinSf S. ^ q. diosethat 
have died tn Lentron or spring. 
— *• SkynnJs underwrittin, calGt in the vulgar 
toung scorlingis, scaldingis, futefkillis, lentrenvare,*" 
6ec Acts Ja. VI. 1592. V. Scorling. 

*' Lentrene veyr skynnis;" Aberd. Reg. V. Futfaill. 
Lemtein kail, Laktek kail, broth made of ve- 
getables, without animal food, S. ; denominated 
from the use of this meagre dish during Lent. 
O lentrin £at/,.meed of my younger ^ys, 
A grateful bard no feigned tribute pays. 
—-Welcome thy wallop in my hiunble pot,. 
Thouhealthsome beverage of the poor man's lot 
lly chief constituent, water, free to all. 
The poor man shares, nor deans that blessing 

Recumbent o'er the scanty btase, thou leans 
Thy simple adjuncts, barley, salt, and greens. 
In thee no lunch pops peeping to the brim. Arc. 
Lentrin Kailj A. Scott's Poems, p. 3940. 
'The bowl that warms the fkney 
An^'promps the tale. 
Must mak, neist day, my lovely Naney 
Sup lentrin kail/ 

Rev. •/« Nicofs Poems, i. Ir82. 
" We are in the mood of the monks, when they are 
merriest, and that is when they sup beef-brewis for 
lanten4[aiL" The Abbot, i. d92. 

This, I am informed, l» more properly defkied, 
according to the use of the term in Roxb., Cabbage 
first boiled in water ; which* being dsained off, has 
its place supplied by milk. 
LEGMEN, s. A leg, Aberd.] Add; 
2. The bough of a tree, ibid. 
Lepit peats, peats dug out of the solid moss, 
without being baked, Koxb. 


L E S 

LERD, s. Lord ; Aberd. Beg^ 
LERROCH, Lairach, Lairoch, (gutt), 0. 1. 
The site of a building, or the traces of an old 
one ; Gael, larachf id. 
S. A site of any kind, Loth. 

In its auld lerroch yet the deas remains, 
Whare the gudeman aft streeks him at his ease. 
Fergusson's Poems, ii. 58.|V. Deis. 
8. The artificial bottom of a stack, made of bnisiN 
wood, &c., Stirling ; stack-biroch^ id. Perths. 

4. A quantity or ccNlection of any materials ; as, 
" a lairoch o' dirt," Lanarks. 

5. It is also used in a compound form ; as. Midden* 
lairach^ the site of a aungbill ; BanflPs. 

LERROCK-CAIRN, s. This term is used in 

a proverbial phrase, common in Ayrs. It is 

said of any thmg that is rare, or that does no,t 

occur every day, that *^ \C% no. to be gotten at 
• ilka lerrock'Caim.'^ 

Although at first view this might seem to refer to 
the seat of a lari^k or lark ; I prefer tracing it to 
Lerroch, the site of a building. 
LES, coni: Lee na^ les nor^ unless.}* Add; 

^' Na sau na state be gevih to hir—- of the fVankten^ 
nement of the saidis landis, quhill xz dais efter that 
Dauid Hering— decess ; And nocht than les na the 
said James will nocht giff to the said James and Cris- 
tiane twentj pundis worth of land liand in Tulybole 
& the barony of Glaadone." Act.Dom. Conc«. A. 
149a> p. >94. 
LESH FUND, Leispund, Lispund,^. A weight 

used in the Orkney islands.] Add; 

The following comparative statement may give a 
more accurate view of this weight. 

'^ 24 Marks make 1 Settin or Lispund, Fund, Bys* 
mar or Span. 

" 6 Settins, &c make 1 Meil. 

'* 24 Meils make 1 Last or the Bear-Fundler. 

*' S6 Meils I Chalder or the Bear-Pundler. 

<^ A last and chalder, ure always applicable to the 
bear pundler only." Agr. Surv. Orkn. p. 159* 

** About 7^ stones make a bearkpundler meil, and 
11^ stones a malt*pundler meil; each stone being 
1 7f lbs. and. l6 oz. to the lb." Ibid. p. I60. 
LESING-MAKARE, Leasing-make^ s. One 

who calummates the king to his subje<^^ or 

vice versa^ 

** It is ordafiyt — ^tjiat aUksinffs makaris-k, tollaris 
of thaim, the quhilk may ingener discorde betuix 
the king & his pepill, — salbe challangit be thaim 
that power has, & tyne lyff & gudis to the king " 
Acta Ja. I. 1424, £d. 1814, p. 8. Lesing makerris^ 
Ibid. Ja. V. 1540, p. 86O. There it is declared; 
** that gif ony maner of^persoune makis ony ewill 
informad^une of his hienes to hisbaronis and liegis, 
that thai salbe punist in sic maner, and be the samin 
panis, as thai that maHs tesingis to his grace of his 
lordis, baronis, and liegis." 
Leasing-making,^. The crime of uttering false* 

hood against the king and his counsellors, to the 

people, or against the people to the king or go- 
vernment ; a forensic term, S. 

^ Verbal sedition, which in our statutes geta the 
lyune of kasing-making, is inferred from the uttering 


of wMrdd letidifig to s^don^ or the breeding of ha« 
tred and discord between the king and his people." 
Ersk. Inst. B. iv. T. 4. § 99. ' 

LESlONE) LtssiouN, s. Injury ; Lat. laesio^ 

-fiM, Fr. lesionj id. 

'^ His Maje8tie--reiicind8 aU in^ffments &c. maid 
by his Majestie oiv— father«*in thair minoritie to 
thair hurt and/eifbn^" Acta Cha. I. Ed 1814, V. 24. 

*' The earle of Moirtoun— <lirectit sum men of his 
to the lands perteining to the capitane of the castell 
6f Edinburgh in Fy ffe, quha brunt and distroyed all 
his oeirnes and housses, to his great enorme letiaun." 
Hist James the Sezt, p. l6l. 
LESS, coty. Unless. 

• ** I hop in etemall God that he will nocht suffer 
us to be swa plagit to tdc if& us sic ane princes, 
quhilk gif he dois for eur iniqmtyis, we Ink for na« 
thing hot for gryt'troubill in thir partis, less God in 
his gudenes schaw his mercy upoun us." B. of Ross 
to Abp. of Glasg. Keith's Hist App. p. 1 35. V. Les. 
LESSIOUN, s. Injury, loss. Y. Lesione. 
LESURIS, s. pi Pastures.] Add; 

" Lizar, pasture ;" Gl. Surv. Ayrs. p. 692. 
LET- ABE E, caiy. 1. Not to menuon, not call- 
ing into account, S. 

** I hate fords at a' times^ let ahe when there's thou* 
sands of armed men on the other side.** Brid^ of 
Lammermoor^ ii. 246. 
2. Used as a «. denoting forbearance ; LeUabefor 

let^be^ mutual forbearance, S. 

It occurs in a S.Prof .which is improperly given by 
Kelly; ^'Le^a/iEmemakesmanyaioWn/'p. 233. But 
the more common form is> *' Let ahe maks mony a 
loon." Itdenotes that forbearance increases thenum- 
ber of rogues. 
To LET o^, to giv6 a stroke, to let drive at any 

object, S. 

Rob Roy, I wat he was na dull. 

He first leit at the ba*. 
Christmas Ba'ing, Skinner's Misc. Poet, p. 124, 
To Let gae, or go, v. a. To shoot, S. Letgo^ 

part. pa. shot. 

— '' At the delivery of thir keys, there was a sud- 
den fray among them, occasioned by a shot rackless- 
ly let go in the same house, where the govemour and 
lady with others were together." Spalding, i 125. 

The E. say to let off, in this sense. 
To Let lichty v. a. To admit, to allow ; as, '* I 

ay said the naig was shaken i^ the ahouther ; 

but he wadna let it 2icA/,^ S. 

This se^ms merely a peculiar use of the £. v. to 
Ughl, as signifying to fall or descend ; q. to prevent 
from falling on any person or object 
To Let o'er, v. a. To swallow, S. V. LaT. 'v. 
To Let one to mi, to give one to know ; to give 

formal intimation to one, S. 

Formerly, in many towns in Scotland, the invita- 
tion to a funeral was given by the bellman, or pub- 
lic crier, who went through die streets, ringing his 
bell, and giving this notice ; *^ Brethet and Sisters, 

/ lat you to wit, that is dead, at the pleasure of 

the Almichty, and is to be buried— at" such a time. 
When he came to these words, '* At the pleasure of 
Sec." he, in token of reverence, lowered his voice, and 
lifted off his bonnet 



T^ Lei* Hani, v. a. 1. To suffer any thing to 

remain in its former state^ not to alter its poei* 

tion, S. 
2. Also, not to meddle with ft particular point, in 

conversation, as to avoid controversy, S. 

1 have not observed that this is used in E. It is 
evidently a Teut idipm. Laelen staen, relinquere,de« 
sinere; Kilian. — " To let alone ; to leave off;* SeweL 
LETH, 8. A channel or small run of water. 

-*— " Swa thence descendand down the hillsyde till 
a moss, and swa throw that moss — ^til it cum to the 
bume of Tuledesk, quhar it and the lethis of Pittolly 
metis togidder, and swa ascendand that leth til it cum 
til a ieth laid on ilke syde with mannys hands, and 
swa ascendand a mekil leth to the hede of it on west- 
half the Stokyn itftane," &c.— >'^ And swa ascendand 
that bume til it worth [[wax, or become! a leth, and 
swa ascendand that leth til it cum to the Karlynden." 
Merches of Bishop Brynnes 1437, Chartul. Aberd 
FoL 14. M'Farl. M.S. 

O.Teut lede, leyde, also water^leyde, aquae ductus, 
aquagium. A.S. lade, fluentum, canalis ; from lad-ian 

LETHIE, s. A surfeit, a disgust, Loth. Y. 
under Forleith, v. 

LETT, 8. Lesson, a i»ece of instruction ; gene* 
rally conjoined with an adj^ expressive of vitu« 
peration, Aberd. 
Ir. Gael. Uachi, C.B. UUh, a lessolL 

LETTEN, part. pa. Permitted, suffered, S. ; 
from the v. to Let. 
^' All this he behoved to suffer for the king^s cause, 

who was never letten to understand the truth of this 

marquis^ ^Huntly's^ miseries, but contrarywise by 

his cruel and malignant enemies, the king was in« 

formed that the marquis had proved didoyal," ftc. 

Spalding's Troubles, i. l6l. 

Letten fa\ let fall, S.B. 

A clear brunt coal wP the het tongs was ta'en, 
Frae out the ingle-mids fu' cleat and dean. 
And throw the corsy-bdly letten fa\ 
For fear the lireeane should be tane awa'. 

Ross's Helenore, p 13. 

LETTER, s. A spark on the side of the wick 
of a candle*; iso denominated by the supersti- 
tious, "who believe that the person to whom the 
i^Nurk is opposite will soon reodVe BCfme intelli- 
gence by letter, S.B. 

LETTERON, Letteon, s. 1. 1'he desk, &c.] 


" Letron or Uclnm or deske. Lectrlnum* Lec« 
torium. Pulpitum. Discus." Prom{>t. Parv. 
2. A writing desk, &c.J Add; 

'* He was bred to the Leltron." He was bred a wri- 
ter ; « phrase still used by old people in Edinburgh. 
8. This formerly denoted a desk at which females 

wrought, in making embroidery, &c. 

*^ Deskes or lettems for wemen to work mi, co- 
vered with velvet, the peece vi 1." Rates A. l6l 1. 
4. A bureau, scrutoir, or cabinet. 

" The erle of Huntlie beand deid,— Adam imme- 
diatelie causit beir butt the deid corps to the dial- 
merof davice,and causit bier in to the chalmer, whair 
he had lyen, the whole cofferis, boxis, or lettromis, that 



the erle him self had in handling, and had ony geir 
in keping in ; sic as writtis, gold, siluer, or golding 
worke, whairof the key is was in ane leitrone." Earl 
of Huntly's Death; Bannatyne'sJourn. p. 486. 

" The whole expenses of the process and pices of 
the lyble, lying in a severall buist by themselves in 
my letiron, I estimate to a hundred merks." Melvill's 
MS. p. 5. 

LETTERS. To Raise Letters, to issue an or- 
der from the signet, for a person to appear with- 
in a limited time before the proper court 
" The committee resolved to raise his [lord Na« 
pier's]] bones, and pass a sentence of forfaulture there* 
upon ; and, for that end, letters were raised, and or^ 
dained to be executed at the pier and shore of Leith, 
against Archibald lord Napier his son, then under 
exile for his loyalty, to appear upon 60 days' warn- 
ing, and to hear and see the same done." Guthry's 
Mem. p. 250, 

LETTIRMAREDAY, s. The day of the 

birth of the Vir^n. 
*' " The nativite of our Lady callit the Ldtirmare* 
day nixt to cum." Aberd. Reg. A. 1541, V. 17* 

This, according to Macpherton, is the 8th of Sep- 
tember. Wyntown, ii. 524. It seems to be thus de* 
nominated q. latter, because preceded by Lady day, 
or the day of her assiunption, which falls on Aug. 1 5. 

There is an incongruity between this and what is 
said in another place, where it is called the day of 
her assumption. '^ At the assumptioune of our Lady 
callit the letter Mareday." Ibid. V. 15, p. 617- 
LETITIS, Lktwis, *. A species of fur. 

^' In primis, ane gown of blak velvott lynit with 
quhjrt taffate, quhairof the slevis has bein l3mit with 
letuis, and the samyn taiA furth." Inventories, A. 
1542, p. 100. 

" Furres callet letnns tawed, the timber cont. 40 
skins — ^iiii 1." Rates A. l6ll. 

Fr. letice, "& beast of a whitish gray colour;" Cotgr. 

LEUCH» Leugh, pret. Laughed, S. 
The lordis, on the tother side, for liking thay leugh, 

Gawan and GoL iv. 6. 
" Then all the bischcpe's men leugh, and all the ear* 
dinallis thamselffis ; and the Pope inquyred quhair- 
at they kugh ;•— quhairat the Pope himselfiT leugh 
verrie eamestlie." Pitscottie's Cron. p. 255. 

A.S. hleoge risisti, hloh risit 
LEUCH, Leugh, arf/. 1. Low in situation ; 
synon. with Laigh, Loth. ; Leucher lower, Roxb> 
I heard a horn fu' stoutly blawn> 

By some far distant swain ; 
A lilting pipe, in the leugh lawn. 
Did echo back the strain. 

r. Scotfs Poems, p. S75. 
—The moon, leugh i' the wast, shone bright. 

A. Scott's Poems, 1811, p. 8. 
Wad they mak peace within a year. 
An mak the taxes somewhat leucher, 
I'd rather see't than faiTn the Deuchar. 

Ht^gs Scot. Pastorals, p. 19* 
2. Not tall, squat, ibid. 
Leuchlt, adv. In a low situation, ibid. 

Auld Reekie stands sweet on the'east sloping dale. 
An' leuchly lurks J^eith, where the trading ships 
sail. A, Scott's Poems 1811, p. 144^ . 




Leitchmess, Leughkess, s. L LownesB of n* 

tuation, Roxb. 
S. Lowness of stature, ibid. 
To LEVE, V. n. To remain, to tarry behind, 
to be left ; Left, pret, remained, tarried* 
It is the layndar Schyr," said ane. 
That hyr child ill rycht now baa tane ; 
" And mon leve now behind ws her : 
'' Tharfor scho makys yone iwill cher." 

The Bruce, xi.d75. Edit 1820. 
The editor of l620, from want of attention to an 
ancient idiom in S., has changed the language in or«^ 
der to give it something l&e an active form. 
** And mori leaue now behind you here." 
In Edit. 1714, a still more ridiculous change is 
made, evidaitly for the same reason : 

** And mon deve now behind us here." 
Bot thai, that lefl apon the land, 
War to the king all obeysand*. 

Off Ingland to llie chewalry 
He had thar gaderyt sa clenly,.. 
That nane left, that mycht wapyimys weld. 

Ibid. viii. 99. 
Were is inserted in both places. Edit 1620, p. 
186, 210. 

LEVEN, s. A lawn, an open space between 
woods. LUy levfin, a lawn overspread with lilies- 
or flowers. 
And see not ye that braid braid road. 

That lies across that lily leven f 
That is the x>ath of wickedness, 

Tho' some call it the road to heaven. 

Thomas the Rhymer, Bord, Minstr. iL 271* 

Leven gives nearly the sound of the first part of 

the word in C.B. wluch signifies planities. This ia 

llyvndra. Llyvti signifies planus. Dra is^an affix in 

the formation of nouns. 

To LEVER, v.a. To unload from a ship. V. 

*' For beside that they might fall on us at sea, and 
sinke us all, we could not get time for them to lever 
and take out our store." Sir P. Hume's Narrative, 
p. 51. 
LEVER, Leib, &c., ad;\ Ratlier.J Add; 

« Leer, rather ;" Gl. Sur¥. Ayrs. p. 692. 
LEVIN, s. 1. Lightning, a flash of fire.] Add; 
O.E. " Leuyn. Coruscacio. Fulgur. Fulmen. Ligh« 
tyn or leuennyn, Coruscat*" Prompt Parv. " Fulgur,, 
kuenynge that brenneth rburns]." Ort Vocab. 
LEUG, s. « A tall iU-kx)king fellow;" GaU. Enc. 
Gael, liug, ''a. contracted; sneaking look;" Shaw 
LEUGH, oA". Low.. V. Leugh. 
LEUYNT>. Levint, a^\ Eleventh. 

'' And sa endis the let^ buke of thir Croniklis.'* 
Bellendyn, K k, 4, b. 

Cokobenar ihe levint his mark thay call. 

To LEUK, V. a. To look, S.a 

Just leuk to the fibcks on the lea> 
How sweetly contentit they stray. 

Picken's Poems, I 17- 
Leue^ s. a look, S.Q. 

I ken, tho' leuks I wadna niffer, 

I didna mak mysel to differ. Ibid. p. 66., 



LEURE, 0* A gleam ; as^ ^^ a kure d" licbt,^ 
a gleam, a faint my, Ayrs. 
A.S. Uor-an, Uor-an, transire, Isl. leori, foramen 
pinnaculi domus, the place through which light is 
admitted. OaeL Idr signifies sight, leur seeing, and 
iatmuir gleaming, splendour. 
LEW, s. The denomination of a piece of French 
gold coin formerly current in S. 
— *' That the money of vther realmis, that is to 
say, the Inglis Nobill, Henry, and Edwart with the 
Rose, the Frencbe Crowne, the Salute, the Lew, and 
the Rydar, sail haue cours in this realme of our 
money to the valew and equiualence of the cours 
that thay haue in Flanders.— The Lew to xv. s. vi. d." 
Acts Ja. III. A. 1467^ c. 22, £d. 1566. 

This, I think, must be the same coin that is else- 
where called in pi. the Lewis. The name had been 
softened into Lew in imitation of the French mode of 
pronouncing it. 

'' Item tuelf Lewis." Memor. A 1488. Inven-^ 
tories, p. 1. 

" Item, in a purs of ledder in the said box four 
hundreth tuenti & viii Lewis of gold, and in the same 
purs of ledder of Franche crounis fyve hundreth thre 
score & sex, and of thame twasalutis and four Lewis.** 
Ibid. p. .13. 

This seems to be the same coin that is still deno« 
minated Louis d^or. Whether it received its name 
from Louis XI«, who was contemporary with James 
III., or from one of his predecessors of the same 
name, I have not been able to find. It is obvious, 
however, that the coin has been denominated in the 
same way as those called Dariuses, and Philippic and 
in latter times, Caroluses, Jacobuses, &c. 
L£ WANDS, s. pi Buttermilk and meal boiled 
together, Clydes. ; synon. Bleirie. 
Probably firom S. Lew tepid, or Isl. hfyu'-a cale- 
Lew, s. a heat. Gall. 

" Stacks of com are said to take a Afir, when they 
heat," in eonsequence of being built in a damp state. 
Gall. Encycl. V. the adj. 
LEW ARNE BORE. Leg. Tew, iron har- 
dened with a piece of cast-iron, for making it 
stand the fire in a forge, Roxb. 
Wi' diort, wi' thick, an' cutting blast 

As he did ply them sore ; 
Thro' smeekie flame they him addrest,, 
Thro' pipe and lew arm bore. 
Smith and Bellows, A. SooU's Poems, p. 144. 
V. Tew v. 
LEWDER, s. A handspoke for lifting the mill- 
stones ; the same with Lowder. 

Appear'd a miller, stem and stout,— it 
And in a rage began to swear ; 
— I wish I hang, if we were yoked,. 
But I shall neady tan your hide 
So long's my lewder does abide. 

Meston's Poems, p. 211. 
LEWDER,, a. A blow with a great stick ; as, 
** I'^se gie ye a lewder^ Aberd. 
Perhaps origioally the same with Lewder, a hand« 
spoke, &C. as denoting a blow with this ponderous 


LEWER, s. A lever, Roxb. 
LEWRAND, part. pr. Expl. « lowring ;^ ra* 
ther, lurking, laying snares. 

The legend of a lymmeris lyfe, ■ 
Ane elphe, ane elvasche incubus, 
Ane lewrand lawrie licherous. 
Legend Bp. St. Androis, Poems l6tk Cent. p. 30g. 
It is merely a different orthography of Loure, v. q.v. 
The sense given is confirmed by the junction o£ih.eadfm 
with the s. lawrie, a crafty person ; as the passage 
contains a fiirther illustration of Lowrie, id. sense 2. 

LEWRE, s. Expl. " a lone pole, a lever ;" 

Gall. Encycl. ; the same with Lezoer. 
LEWRE. s. 

'' The Kynge cam arayd of a jackette of cramsyn 
velvet horded with cloth of gold. Hys lewre be- 
hinde hys bake, hys beerde somthynge long," &c. 
Fyancells of Margaret, by John Younge, Leland's 
Collect, vol. iv. 283. 

** His lewre, apparently a kind of hood hung be« 
hmd his back." Pink. Hist Scot ii. 433. 

I can find no proof that this signified a hood of 
any kind. It seems to have been a piece of oma« 
mental dress, worn only by Sovereigns and persons 
of the highest rank ; the same, pertiaps, with L.B. 
lor^um, vestis imperatoriae et consularis species ; Or. 
Atf(«y. It is described as — Superhumerale, quod hn* 
periale drcundare assolet collum; Du Cange. It 
was ajascia, or fillet, which, surrounding the breast, 
fell down flrom the right shoulder to the feet, then 
embraced the left shoulder, and being let fall round 
the back, again surrounded the breast, and enwrap- 
ped the lower part of the left arm ; the rest of it 
hanging loose behind. This, in later ages^ was adorn- 
ed with precious stones. Its form was also occasiorw 
ally varied. It was worn by P«ter IV. of Arragom 
Hoffman, in vo., gives a very particular account of it 

LEWS, s. pi. Watson's CoIL i. 27. Dele what 

follows the extract,, and substitute ; 

—This is a corr., of Lewes or Lewis, an island on 
the western coast of Scotland. In consequence of 
the bloody contentions among the Macleods, with< 
respect to the succession to this island, a grant was 
made of it by James VI. to a number of proprietors 
in Fife. There is a. pretty fhll account of this 
business in the History (^ the ConJUcts among the 

''The barons andgentlemen of Fift, hearing these 
troubles, were enticed by the persuasion of some 
that had been there, and by the report of the ferti-^ 
lity of the island, to undiertake a difficile and hard 
interprisCi They conclude to send a colony thither, 
and to. civilize (if it were possible) the inhabitants 
of the island. To this effect, they obtain, from the 
King, a gift of the Lewes, the year of God 1599^ or 
thereabouts, which was alleged to be then at his Ma*, 
jesty's disposition." Conflicts, p. 76, 77« They were 
therefore called the undertakers, ibid., and hence said, 
as here, to take the LewsL, 

Moyses designs them ''the gentlemen enterprisers 
tp take the Lewes ;*' and speaks of their " undertake 
ing the journey towards the Lewes in the end of Oc-%. 
tober that same year ^15991/' Memoirs, p. 260, 263«. 

It is also written Lowis^ 



''That the act— madeof before — anent the fisching 
8t making of hering & vthir fisch at the west sey 
and Lawu, be obseruit & kepit^ in tyme to cum as 
wes ordanit of before be the parliament.^' Acts Ja. 
III. 1487, Ed. 1814, p. 183. 
LIAM, s. A string, a thong.1 Add; 

This word is still used in T weedd. for a rope made 
of hair. 
LYARDLY, adv. Sparingly. 

*— '' And the peple are to be desyred to be help* 
ful to sic as will give themsel to any vertue, and as 
for.uthers to deaJS lyardfy w* them to dryvethem to 
seik efler vertue." Rec. Session Anstruther Wester 
1596, Melville's Life, ii. 498. 

Fr. liard-er, " to get poorely, slowly, or by the 
penny ;" from liard, a small coin, " the fourth part 
ofa Jo/;" Cotgr. 
I.YARE, s. 

" Item, ane li/are of crammesy velvett, with twa 
cuschingis of crammesy velvett, bordourit with tressis 
of gold. Item, ane fyare of purpure velvett, with 
twa cuschingis off* the samyne," &c. Inventories, A. 
1 530, p. 48. 

Apparently, from its being still conjoined with cu* 
Mans, a kind of carpet or cloth which Uuf on the floor 
under these ; used only perhaps at the hours of de« 

Teut legh-'WerckiA expl. aulaea, stragula picturata, 
tapetum, textura ; Kilian. It may, however, denote 
some kind of couch : Teut laegher stratum, Belg. 
l^ger a bed. 
Li ART, Lyaet, adj. 1. Having grey hairs, &c.] 


It is applied to a horse xsi a grey colour. " Ane 
liart hors;" Aberd. Reg. Cent 16. 
8, Spotted, of various liues, Galloway. 

Hail, lovely Spring ! thy bonny lyart face. 

And head wi' plumrocks deck'd bespeak the sun's 

Return to bless this isle. Davidson's Seasons, p. 1 . 

Into the flood 

Of Berv frith the lyart gear is cast 
And addled eggs, and burdies without doups. 

Ibid. p. o. 

This is what is designed " spreckled store" a few 
lines before. 
LYART, 8. The French coin called a Hard ; 

Aberd. Reg. 
LIBART, LiBBSRT, s. A leopard.] Add; 

0.£. '^ Lebbard. Leopardus." Prompt Parv. 
To LIB, LiBB, V. Ow To castrate, to ^Id, S. 
Bow-LiBBER, s. A aow-gdder, S. 

Teut lubb^en castrare, emasculare; lubber castra* 
LIBBER, 3. « A lubbCTly fellow ^ 61. Picken. 

Merely a slight change of £. lubber. 

—Twa men, and ane varlot at his bak $ 
And ane Ubberfy ful lytil to lak. 

Priests ofPeAles, p. 1 J . 

This is expL to me by Sir W. Scott, as signifying, 
" two serving men and a boy in one UveryJ* 
LIBELT, #. A long discourse or treatise, Ettr. 

Por. ; merely, as would seem, a corr. of E. ft*. 

iel^ if not from L.B. HbeUat-icum. 


LY-BY, e. LA neutral, a. one who lies aside* 
" I appeal in this matter to the experience and db« 
servation of all who take notice of their winr ; and 
how little they trouble others, their master |_Satan3 
fearing little, or finding little damage to his domi- 
nion, — by these lazy /y-6ie»andidleloiterer8." Postscr* 
to Ruth. Lett p. 513. 

'' Such an heroick appearance, now in its proper 
season, would make you live and die ornaments to 
your profession, while ly^bys will stink away in their 
sockets." M'Ward's Contendings, p. 354. 
S. A mispress, a concubine, Fife. 

This is analogous to old Teut bij4iggher, concu« 
binus, from bif-Uggkeu concumbere. 
To L Y or Lie outy v. n. To delay to enter as heir 
to property ; a forenac phrase* 
*' A man is married on a woman, that is apparent 
heir to lands. — She, to defraud her husband either 
of the Jtis tnariii or the courtesy, lies out and will 
not enter." Fountainh. Dec. Suppl. iii. 146. 
Lying out, not entering as heir. 

^' Anent lying out unentered." Tit ibid. 
To LY to, V. n. Gradually to entertain affec« 
tion, to incline to love, S. 

—I dq like him sair. 
An' that he wad ly to 1 hae nae fear. 

Boss's Helenore, First £d. p. 79* 
And that he wad like me I hae nae fear. 

Ed. Third, p. 85. 
For what she fear'd, she now in earnest fand. 
About this threap, was close come till her hand; 
And that tho' Lindy, may be, might ly too. 
The lass had just as gueed a right as she. 

Ibid. p. 86. 
Too is here undoubtedly meant to express the S. 
pronounciation of to ; but improperly, as this cor« 
responds with Gr« v. 

Teut toe^leggh-en, animum applicare. 
To LY iOy V. n. A vessel is said to ly tOy when 
by a particular disposition of the sails she lies 
in the water without making way, although not 
at anchor, S. 

I find this word in no Dictionary save Widegren's. 
LICENT, part. aty. Accustomed ; properly, 

'' Becaus thay wa:r compianyouns to Tarquinis, 
thay war licenf, during the empire of Kingis, to fre- 
quent thair lustis with mair opin renyeis." Bellend. 
T. Liv. p. 110. Assueti, Lat 
LIGHT OP DAY. •* She canna see the UcJU o' 
day to him,^ she cannot discern a fault in hitn, 
S. ; q. *^ day-light has no brightness in compa« 
rison with him. 
LIGHTER, ad^. Delivered of a child.] Add ; 

At this word I find the following marginal note by 
one whose good taste will not be called in question ; 
^* This is a very elegant phrase." Sir W. Scott 
Of these lines, — 

O ! is my com a' shorn, he said ; 
Or is my tours a' won .^-i— 
he gives a different recitation, which is undoubtedly 
preferable : 

O ! is my bams broken, boy ; 
Or are my towers won ? 



The same mode of expression is used by Sir James 

" Quhen scho is lickler of hir births or quhen the 
time thairof is bypast, scho sail be justifyit and de- 
manit for hir trespass, as ane woman not beand with 
bairn." Pract p. 550. 

To LicHTER, LiGHTEB, V. a. 1. To Unload, S. 
It. To deliver a woman in childbirth, Aberd. 
To LICHTLIE, &c. v. a. To undervalue.] 

8. Applied to a bird, when it forsakes its nest. It 

is said to lichUie its nest, S, 
To LiCHTLiEFiB, Lyghtlefye, V. o. The same 

with Lichtliey to slight, to undervalue, Roxb. 

" Mucht it pleic mai sovra3me lege, not — to fycht^ 
Isfye myne honer sa that I can ill bruke." Hogg's 
Winter Talcs, ii. 41. 

It occurs idso in a proverbial expression common 
in Dumfr. '' When the Laird lightllfies the Lady, 
aae does a' the kitchen-boys." 

LICE, s. As sates Uck^ a phrase used in S. to 

denote any thing that is very salt. 

The word may originally have signified a lye made 
from ashes ; as being the same with Teut hdte, lixi- 
vium excoJatum k dneribus ; AS. hag, id. Or it 
may be allied to Sax. lake, muria, salsugo ; Kilian. 

LICEIE, s, A small piece of wire hooked at 
one end, used for drawing the thread through 
the hacic (or eye of the iron spindle on which 
the mm is placed) of a spinning-wheel, Upp. 

LICK OF GOODWILL, a small portion of meal 
given for grinding com, in addition to the fixed 
multure. This hi^ been at first entirely gratui- 
tous, but came afterwards to be cliuroed as a 
part of the payment for the work done at the 

mill, S. 

— '' George Smith depones, diat the multure paid 
is 1| pecks of sheeling out of every 18^ pecks, with 
one half peck of sifted meal, by weight, for the boll 
of sheeling, as a Uch qfgood-wUl, but claimed as due." 
Abstract Proof respecting the Mill of Inveramsay, 
A. 1814, p. 3. 

— " P. Wilson depones, that he did not measure 
or weigh the Kck qfgpodrwill" Ibid. p. 9. 

This is paid to the under miller, not to the tacks* 
man of the mill. 

^ That he paid the 17th peck to the tacksman of 
the mill, as multure : That he also paid a Uck of good' 
•itf to die miller, and the quantity was according to 
his deservance." lbid< p% 87- 

The term Uck seema meant to express a small qtian- 
tity, as if only as much were demanded as one would 
lick up from one's hand at a time. It b apparently 
the same which is otherwise called lock> 

" The sequels are the small parcels of corn or meal 
ffiven aa a fee to the servants, over and above what 
IS paid to the multurer ; and they pass by the name 
o( knavesUpt'^-'mi oibannock,&nd lock, or gowpen. As 
the quantum of these ia not usually expressed in the 
constitution of the right, it iareguUted by custom." 
Erskine'a In^tit p. 314. 

LICKUP, *. L A bat of iron which prevents the 


eikends from slipping off the swingletrees in a 

plough, Clydes. 
2. A martingale for a horse, Ettr. For. 

Isl. likkia, a fibula, a clasp, A/lec^-r achain ; hleik* 
ia, vinculis nectere. 
S. A scrape, a difficulty, Clydes. 
LIDDER, LiDDiB, adi. 1. Inactive.] Add; 

This is undoubtedly allied to the 0.£. v. " LUen 
or longe tariyn. Moror ;" whence ** Lyiinge or tary- 
inge. Mora." Prompt Parv. 
LiDDEEiE, adf. ^^ Feeble and lazy ;^ GalLEncyl. 

In the sense of feeble, this word might seem al- 
lied to O.E. '' Z^^^ or weyke. Flexibilis." Prompt 
Parv. V. LiDDER. 
LIDDISDALE DROW, a shower that wets an 

Englishman to the skin, Selkirks. Y. Dbow. 
To LIDE, v.n. To thicken, tobecomemellow; as, 
*^ the kail haena had time to tide yet,^ Aug., Gall. 

" lAded, mixed, thickened," &c. Gall. EncyL V. 
LiTHi, V. id. 
LIE,«. The relative position ; applied to ground; 

as, ^^ It has a warm lie^ Ang. 
LYE, s. << Pasture land about to be tilled,* 

Gall. Encyl, V. Lea. 
LYE-COUCH, jr. A kind of bed. 

** In his chamber a fye-couch^ or bed." Orem's 
Descr. Aberd. 
LIEF, Leef, s. The palm of the hand, Aberd. ; 

for Lufe^ q. v. 

Come near me, Nell, let's kiss thy cheek an' lief. 

Tarras's Poems, p. 121. 
LIEFU', adf. Lonely, solitary. V. Leefow. 
LIEGE, s. A subject, S. 

** It was concluded, that the king^ letter should be 
printed and published, that thereby h might come to 
the knowledge of the Ueges^"^ Guthry's Mem. p. 124. 

This word is not used as a a in £. In O.E. we 
find " Lyche man. Ligtua. Lyche lord. Dominus 
ligius." Prompt Parv. 

Fr. liege, lige, vassal; used, however, as an adj. with 
komme, man. L.B. Ug^ius, qui domino suo ratione 
feudi vel subjectionis fidem omnem contra quemvis 
praestat ; Du Cange. It is derived from Lat i^-altwy 
bound ; whence also Ugjia, confoederatio, foedus. 

On Liege adj., as signifying sovereign, Dr. Johns, 
has observed, ** This signification seems ta have ac- 
cidentally risen from the former, the lord of liege men, 
being by mistake called U^ge kri," 

But it cannot well be thought tbajt this has risen 
" accidentaUy" or *' by mistake." Foe we have seen, 
that the phrase is used by one whamay be supposed 
to have known the language of England as well aa^ 
any man in his time ; and this in a very early period. 
Fraunces, a preaching Friju", having compiled the 
Promptorium, A. 1440. V. Langtoft's Chron. ii. 624, 
625. Tyrwh. Chaucer, 4to, ii. 536. It has obviously 
been introduced as a metonymy very common, in lan- 
guage. Nor has it heen confined to Britain. The 
phrase Dominus Ligius, used by Fraunces, had pro- 
bably been borrawed from the continent Carpentier 
has quoted two charters in which it occurs, the first, A. 
1205. Ego Hugo castellanus Vitriaci notum facio— « 
quod ego in plegiam misi dominam meam Ligiam 
Blanchion illustrem comitissam, &c. It is found in 

L I F 

L I F 

another of the year 1221. Veni ad fidelitatem Jo- 
minae roeae Ligiae Blanchae comitissae^ Trecensis 
palatinae^ et domini mei Ligii Theobald! nati ejus^ co- 
mitis Campaniae et Briae Palatini^ & eisdem feci ho- 
magium ligium. It occurs also in an arret of Philip of 
France^ A. 1269 ; Quidquid tenetur de domino iJgie, 
&c. Du Cange, vo. Ligie Tenere. 
LIESHyO^^'. Tall and active, Boxb. V.Leishin'. 

*' When I came to the brow^ what does I see but 
twa lang liesh chaps lying sleeping at ither's sides, 
baith happit wi' the same maud ?" Brownie of Bods- 
beck^ i. S^, 
LIESOME, adj.] Add; 

This, which is rendered in ShirreTs GL *' warm, 
aultrv," is, I am assured, merely the Aberdeen pro- 
nunciation for Lusome or lovely. 
LIESOME-LOOKING, adj. Having the ap- 

pearance of falsehood and lies. 

*' I never thought I would have remembered half 
o' the Uesome looking lines o' the auld ballad.^' Blackw. 
Mag. Aug. 1820, p. 518. 
LIETHRY, s. A crowd. V.Xithhy. 
LIEUTENANTRY, *. Lleutenantship, lieu- 

— '' He went to the chancellor's lodging, and in 
his presence laid down his patent under the great 
aeal of his Ueutenantry*' Spalding's Troubles, i. 19. 
LIFEY, adj. Lively, spirit^, S. ; Callander's 

MS. Notes on Ihre. 

commonly used, in ur^ng a regular settlement 

of any business, from the consideration of the 

uncertainty of life, S. 

" But— -we are a' Ufe^like and d€aik4ike, Elshie, 
and there really should be some black and white on 
this transaction." Tales of my Landlord, i. 209. 

The idea is,— -'^ How healthy soever we appear, 
we are in common with others liable to death ; and 
this may take place without previous warning." 
liYF, Lyff, 9. Life. On lyf<^ alive, Aberd. Reg. 

An A.S. idiom, Tha he on life fvaesj Quum ille 
in vita erat. Matt xxvii. 63. V. On LVFf. 
L1FJE-THINKIN6. If one proposes the query,-^ 

^* Is suchaone living yet P"^ it is a common repiy, 

'^ Aye, he^s leetmi^ and li^thinkin\'" Angus ; 

having no expectation or appearance, but of the 

continuance of life, i. e. in a vigorous 8tate% Lee* 

vifC and lifelike^ in other counties. 

Kelly mentions it as a coUW/e answer given to the 
question. How do you do.>-^*' Living and life thinks 
ing ;" Prov. p. 400. 
LIFT, Ltft, s. Thefirmatnetit, ko.] Add, after 

1. 12. ; 

A proverb is commonly used in Holland, which is 
perfectly analogous. AU de higi vail zyn alle de leeu^ 
wrikken dead; literally, « When the lift falls, all the 
lavrocks are dead." 
^To LIFT, V, a. To ctay off by theft, S.] Add^ 

after 1. 6. ; 

This term had been commonly adopted in the lo^ 
-country, even so early as in the beginning of the se* 
Venteenth century. 

*' In September there came a company of High^ 


landers, and lifted out of Frendraught's ground a 
number of goods ; but Frendraught himself, with 
some horsemen, followed sharply, and brought back 
his haill goods again, without straik of sword.'' Spal« 
ding's Troubles, i. 82. 

•— '^ A highland gentleman*^told me, that a oer^ 
tain chief of a considerable dan, in rummaging late* 
ly an old charter chest, found a letter directed by 
another chief to his grandfather, who is therein bb^ 
sured of the immediate restitution of his lifted, that 
is, stolen cows; for that he (the writer of the letter) 
had thought they belong'd to the Lowland Lairds of 
Murray, whose goods and effects ought to be a prey 
to them all." Letters from a Gentleman in the North 
of S. ii. 93. 

'* The gathering in of rents is calVd uplifting them, 
and the stealing of cows they call lifting, a soft'ning 
word for theft ; as if it were only collecting their 
dues. The principal time for this wicked practice is 
the Michaelmas moon, when the cattle are in condi» 
tion fit for markets held on the borders of the Low-^ 
lands.'* Hence, he observes, the *^ malicious saying 
of the Lowlanders, viz. That the Highland lairds tell 
out their daughters' tochers by the light of the Mi^^ 
chaelmas moon." Ibid. p. 229-S31. 

It is to be observed, however, that the Highland 
ders generally applied the term to the act of driving 
ofif a considerable number of cattle; viewing him 
only as deserving the name of a thief, who did his 
business in a piddling way, contenting himself with 
a single carcase. 

'' But to be the daughter of a cattle-stealer,— a 
common thief?' — ' Common thief! — No such thing ; 
Donald Bean Lean never lifted less than a drove in 
his life. — He that steals a cow from a poor widow> 
or a stirk from a cottar, is a thief; he that lifts a 
drove from a Sasenach laird ia a geamtleman drover.'' 
Waverley, i. 571, 27^ 

The English writer quoted above, adds ; " It has 
—often occurred to me, that we have the word shop^ 
lifting, in the sense of stealing, which I take to be 
an old English compound word." Lye, indeed, when 
explaining the Moes.G. word, says ; '^ Hence, our 
l^eTyin nearly the same sense, chiefly in compounds, 
however, as *Aop-lifter," &c. But even although the 
latter should be allied to the Moes.G. term, it is 
scarcely supposeable that the word used in S. should 
have Itiid an origin which would acknowledge that 
very guilt which it is meant to veil. 

Lifter, s. One who fbrciUy drove cattle as a 

booty, S. 

" Ye needna ask whae fiob Roy is, the reiving /i/}^ 
that he is." Rob Roy, lii. 41. 

" Why, man, the lads of Westbnmflat^ for ten lang 
descents, have been reivers and lifters" Tales of 
my Landlord, i. 126. 

* To LIFT, r. a. Tp remove from one place to 

another ; synon. Ftit. 

*^ The marquis lifted his household ahd flitted has« 
tily to Strathboggie." Spalding, i. 68. 
Lifting, s. Removal. 1. At the lAflvngy just 

about to remove ; used in an active sense. 

'' This army, by and attour 10,000 baggagemen, 
is now at the lifting*' Spalding, i. 252. 


S. Ai the mUftffy in a very debilitated state, ap- 
plied to either man or beast, & ; used in a pas- 
sive sense. 

It seems to have been originally used in relation 
to a brute animal^ so enfeebled by severe exertion^ 
or by disease^ as to have fallen to the ground^ or to 
be unable to raise itself after lying down. It may 
have been borrowed from the pastoral life, as pri- 
marily applied to an awaU sheep. 

To LIFT, V. a. To plow or break up ground, 

Ayrs. ; an old word. 
Lift, s. The first break or plowing, ibid. ¥• 


I have met with no vestige of this idiom in any 
other language. 

*LIFT, «. 1. A heave, the act of heaving, as 
applied to the chest, expressive of great diffi- 
culty in breathing, or oppressive sickness. '^ He 
has an unco lift at his breast,^ S*. 

2. ^^ Lifi^ in Scotland, denotes a load or surcharge 
of any thing C^ Johns. 

This is accurate. It is a common expression, *' She 
has had Ung a heavy lift o' a sick man," S. 

Dr« Johns, adds ; ** If one be disguised much with 
liquor^ they say> He has got a great lift." For this 
I know of no authori^. 

3. A trick at cards, Lanarks., Meams. 

To Gi£ on€ 9, X'lf T, lo aid one^ to give one ef-^ 
fectual assistance, either lit^ally, by bearing 
part of a lieavy burden, or metaphcMnccdly) S. 
** Now the pnneipal thing in hand just bow— as 
this ^b of Porteeus's ; an ye can gftf us a i^,-^why,, 
the mner turnkey'^ office to begin wi'^ and the cap- 
tainship in time." Heart M. Loth.^ ii. 85. 

To LIFT, V. fK A terra signifying that the 
couinany at a fiiiaeral are beginning to move for-i 
ward to the plaqe of interment ; a»» « The bu- 
rial will lift at twall o'clock,'' that is, the proces- 
sion will commence at that hour, 8. 
^' lAft, a term much used at rustic funerals ; let 
us lift, say those people at these occasions, when they 
have had five or six services," &c. Gall. Encycl. 

This use of the v. originates from the solemn cere* 
mony, performed in some parts of the country, of 
the nearest relations of the deceasec^ with their heads 
uncovered, lifting the coffin in which the corpse is 
contained, and placing it in the hearse, called in 
Lanarks. a paiL 

To LIFT, V. a. ''ToLi/ia Brae, to ascend a 

brow ;" Gall. EncycL 
* LIFTED, part. pa. In high spirits, trans- 

ported, elated, Aoerd. 
LIFTER, «. A shalk>w broad wooden bowl in 

which milk is put for casting up the cream, 

LIFT-HAUSE, s. Swd to be an old term, de- 

noting the left hand, Roxb. I strongly suspect, 

however, that it is a cant or Gipsey designation. 
J-IFTIE, ad;. Applied to the dirt on the streets, 

when in such a state of consistency, as to adhere 

to the feet, q. apt to helifted; alow word; Roxb. 
Vol. II. 65 

t I G 

To LIG, LioGR, V. Ik To lie, to recline.] JMj 
Tliou sonsiest, hamart^ auld, day biggiQ,^^ 
— Shapeless, on the grun' tibou's Uggin', 
O grief, an' dool ! 

Picken's Poems, 1788, p. ISO. 
8. Used as equivalent to lodge^ q. to resioe during 

'I He— would Ugge in pure menis houssis aa he bad 
beine ane travellour through the oountrie, and would 
requyre of thame quhair he ludged, quhair the king 
was, and quhat ane man he was," &c» Pitscpttie'a 
CroD. p. S4d. Lodged, £d. 1728, 
8. To have carnal knowledge of, Clydes. 

A.S. lig'^an dearnunge, xxioechaii;f4>rhgan fomioari. 
LIG, s. A league, a covenant; Fr. Ugue, 

" All Schireffis sould have ane clerk deput to 
thame be the King ; the quhilk sail have na lie nor 
band, or ony wayb be bund and oblist to the Scfairef, 
hot to the King allanerlie." £x Lib. Sconen. Bal- 
four's Practicks, p. IQ, 

To LIG, V. n. Tq fall behind ; corr. from E. to, 

lag, JBiUchaD* 

" Lig— to fall bdund ; %g»»,--fidling behind ;" 
To LIG^ V, n. To briag forth. £w€»s are said 

to be Itgging, South of S. 
LIG6 AT, s. A gate.] Define /-r-A gate, so hung 

that it may shut of itseif. Gall., Dumfir. 

A.S. hUd-geat signifies p8eudothyrum,''afidsegate, 
1^ postern gate, a ba^sk door ;" Somner. But I su»^ 

Eect that Lye gives the meaning more truly, when 
.e renders kUd-gata and hUd-geai, valvae, i. e. fold* 
ing doors* JB^^on A^-g<a^, prae foribus. Theterm 
seems to be formed j(rom hlid^n operire ; or hJtid 
opertorium, whence E. lidj q. s^gate wi^ Uds» 

Mactaggart, however, explains '* Liggett a reclin-. 
ing gate, from Ug to recline, and gale." GalL 

To LIGHT, V. flk To. undervalue, Ayrs. 

" If your worthy fiMliev ha4 been to the fore, ye 
would na daur't to hae q>oken wi' sic unreverence 
to me. But — when the laird ligfUs the ledify, so 
does a' the kitchen boys.'* The EnSail, iii. 81. 

A.S. light-an levare. The common S, ». is LichlUe. 
To LIGHTLIEFIE, v. n. «* To despise C GL 

Picken. V. under Lightlie. 

LIGHTING JN.ELDIN,smallbru8hyfuel,such 
as furze, thorns, broom, &0w ; thus denominated, 
because it must be constantly attended to, so as 
to be stirred, to prevent its dying out, Roxb. 

LIGLAG, JL L A confused noise of tonflrues.1 
Jdd; * -■ 

& LigJag is often used to express the idea which 

one has of a strange language, or of unintelli- 

ble discourse, S. 

Such is the term which a lowlander applies to a 
conversation in Qaelic ; Sic a Ug-lag as Uiey had. 
LIG NATE, s. An ipgot or mass of metal which 

has been melted. 

" Thir persons were executors to one Hoyll, who 
was copper-melter to the defenders, and had of them 
a bond for some lignates of copper ftimished by him 
to them." Fountainh. Dec SuppL ii. 477. 

L I L 

L I M 

Fr. lingoi, id. Menage derives this word from Lat. 
lingua, q. "a tongue of metal;" others from its dimin. 
iingula. V. Lin oat. 
LYING-ASIDE, s. The act of keeping 


'' 5thly^ For absolving, fVom the jtist imputation 
of disloyalty and unfaithfulness to Christ, our un- 
hallowed and cause-destroying and betraying Z^- 
ingS'^uide from testimonies, in their proper season," 
M'Ward's Contendings, p. 82. 
LIK, s. A dead body.] Add to etymon ; 

To the same origin are we to trace Exmore leech^ 
way, " the path in which the dead are carried to be 
buried/' (Grose). O.E. " Lyche or dede body. Fta- 
nus. Cabaris." Prompt. Parv. 
♦ LIKE9 adv, 1. About ; as, " Like sax fouk C 

" Like three ouks,^ S. 
2. As if, as it were ; sometimes prefixed, at other 

times affixed, to a phrase, S. 

" The lady, on ilka Christmas night slb it came 
round, gae twelve siller pennies to ilka puir body 
about, in honour of the twelve apostles liie" Guy 
Mannering, i. 96. 
L1KIK6, LiKYNG, s. S. A darling.] Add ; 

In this sense leiMin is given by Ray as a Northum* 
brian term ; amasius, amasia. 
LYKS AY, cidv. Like as. ^^ Lykmy as he war 

present hymself ;'^ Aberd. Reg. Cent. 16L 

A.S. lie similis, and 9wa sic. 

LYK-WAIK, 8. The watching of a dead body, 

&C.] Add; 

Customs had prevailed, in some parts of the coun« 
try at least, that were more analogous to the occa- 
sion of meeting. The reason why these were dis« 
charged, by the covenanters in the reign of Charles 
I., it is not easy to conceive. 

'' Reading of holy scriptures, and singing of psalms 
were discharged at lykervakes, by act of the town 
council of Aberdeen, by persuasion of this Cant and 
hisfellows. — Yet they could not get singing of psalms 
andreading at Ziitcwaie* altogether suppress Spald- 
ing> ii. 68, 69. 
LILY, s. The aphthae^ a disease of children, S. 

LILY-CAN, 8. The yellow water-lily, Nym- 

Ehaea lutea, Fife., Perths. 
denominated perhaps, q. " th^ lily in ih^ form of 
a cup or can'* 

LILY LEVEN. V. Levek. 
LILY-OAK, 8, The vulgar name for the flower- 

ing shrub called Lilachy S. 
LILL, 8, The hole of a wind instrument.] Add; 
" He — could play weel on the pipes; — and lie had 
the finest finger for the back-till between Berwick 
and Carlisle." Redgauntlet, i, 227. 
LILLILU, 8, Lullaby, Selkirks. 

Nae mi^r the dame shall young son rock. 
And sing her UUi-lu the while. 

Hogg's Hun^ of Eildfln, p. S2S. V. Balow. 

To LILT, V. n. 3. As denoting the lively notes 
of a musical instrument, S.] Add ; 
But wha's he liliing i' the rear, 
Sae saft, sae tunef\i', and sae clear ? 
It's Dingwall, to the Muses dear 


—Aft, when the Waits were playing byj 
I've mark'd his viol with a sigh. 

Mayn^s Siller Gun, p. 44. 
" Playing— softly ;" Gl. ibid. p. 151. 
In Lancashire there is a similar use of the temu 
" Lill, lilting, to do a thing cleverly or quickly." 
Gl. T. Bobbins. 
Lilt, 8, 1. A cheerful air.] Add; 

2. Used in the sense of lay or song. 

I dinna covet to be reez'd> 
For this feel lilt. 
Skinner's Miscellaneous Poetry, p. 111. 

3. It is at times used for a mournful tune ; but, I 
apprehend, improperly. 

Quo' I, " My bird, my bonny bonny bird^ 

Is that a tide ye borrow ? 
Or ist some words ye'Ve learnt by rote. 
Or a ^ o' doel and sorrow ?'* 

Jacobite Relics, ii. 195. 
LILTING, part pr. Limping, S.O., synon. 
Biltinff, Perths.; allied to Isl. laU-a lente gradi; 
hence a little boy is denominated laUe from the 
slowness of his walking. Isl. loll-a is synon. 
with Zolta. 
♦ LIMB, 8. A mischievous or wicked person ; 
as, " YeVe a perfect Zwwft," Roxb. 
This is an elliptical expre8sion> used' for a '* limb 
of Saton," or a " devil's limbr 
LIMEQUARREL, 8. A lime quarry. 

— " To haue & win lymestaneis in the lymequoT'' 
relUs, pairtis & boundis of the toun & landis of Pais* 
ton," &c. Acts Cha. I. Ed. 1814, V. 540. 
LIME-RED, 8. The rubbish of lime walls, S. 
" When sold it fetches less than half the price that 
is paid for the lime rubbish, provincially Ume red, o^ 
Aberdeen." Agr. Surv. Aberd. p. 437. 

LIME-SHELLS, 8. pi Bunied lime before it 

is slaked, often simply sheUs^ S. 

** With this firlot we measure both sheUs, or burnt 
stones, aiid slacked lime. — SheUs will weigh about 25 
stone weight the bdl." Mazwell's-Sel. Trans, p. 19I. 

** To strong land they give from 40 to 70 bolls of 
/tme f Ao^ to tibte Scotch acre." P. KinnefF, Stat. Ace. 
vi. 202. 

LIMESTONE^BBADS, 8. pi The name given 

by miners to the Entrochi^ Lanarks. 

" The Entrochi — ^by workmen in Kilbride are- 
called lifneslone^beads." Ure's Hist Rutherglen, p., 
SI 9, 320. 
LIME- WORK, LiME-wAKK, 8. A place wharo 

limestone is dug and burnt, S. 

'' Lime is much used in the district of Urquhart, 
which is disposed of at Gartaly, a Ume-foork belong- 
ing to Sir James Grant of Grant.!* Agr. Surv. In^ 
vem. p. 41. 

LYMFAD, 8. A galley. V. Lymph ad^ 
LIMIT0UR.1 JtW;--Tyndale gives a differ. 

ent view of the meaning of this word. 

** Howbeit suche maner send3mges are not worldly, 
as prynces sende theyr Ambasadours, no nor as freres 
send the5rr lymyters to gather theyr brotherhedes 
whiche muste obeye whether they wyll or wyll nolU'^ 
Obedyence of a Crysten man, F. 50, a^ 

L I N 

LIMM, 9, Sjnon. with lAmmer^ as applied to a 

female; generally, a wUd limmj Upp. LaDarks., 

S.A. V. Limb. 

LIMMAR, LiMMEii, *. 1. A scoundrel.] Add; 

Ben Jonson uses litnmer lofone in a similar sense, 

in his Sad Shepherd. 

— Hence with 'hem, limmer l&nfne. 
Thy vermin, and thy selfe, thy felfe {sic) are one. 
Dan. lummer denotes •' a long lubber, a looby, a 
booby ;" Wolff. In a similar sense we call an idle 
indolent woman " a lazy limmer'' 
ft. A woman of loose manners.] Add; 

*' Kate and Matty, the limmers, gaed aff wi' twa o' 
Hawley's dragoons, and I hae twa new queans in- 
stead o' them." Waveriey, iii. 216. 
8. Limtnery however, is often used as an oppro- 
brious term, expressive of displeasure, when it 
is not absolutely meant to exhibit the charge of 
immorality, S. 
LY MM ARIS, s. pi. Traces for drawing artillery. 
** Item, als thair ane singill falcoun of found, 
mountit upoun stok, quheillis, aixtre, and lymtnaris 
gamissit with iron," &c Inventories, A. 1566, p. 
167. V. Lymouris. 
LIMMERS, *. pi. The shafts of a cart, Te- 

viotdale. V. Lymouris. 

The shafts or trams of a cart are still called the 
limmers, Teviotdale. 

LYMPHAD, Lympad, s, " The galley which 
the family of Argyle and others of the Clan- 
Campbell carry in their arms." 
^* Our loch ne'er saw the Campbell lymphads;' said 
the bigger Highlander. — ' She doesna value a Caw- 
mil mair as a Cowan, and ye may tell Mac-Callum- 
more that Allan Iverach said sae." Rob Roy, iii. 44. 
** The achievement of his Grace John Duke of 
Argyle, — a galley or Ufmphad, sable." Nisbet's He- 
raldry, i. 81. 

** Appointis thrte of the baronis— to meit with the 
erle of Eglintoune, — ^to take to thair consideratioune, 
be Way of estimatioune or conjecture, the nomber of 
boittis, or fymfadis, within the pairtis of this king- 
dome lying opposite to Irland, may be had in readi- 
ness, and what nomber of men may be transported 
thairin." AcU Cha. I. l641, Ed. 1814, V. 442. 
Apparently corr. from Gael, iongfhada, a galley. 

LIMPUS, *. A worthless woman, Mearns. 

IsL limp-iaz, deficere. 
LIN, Lyn, Lynn, s. 1. A cataract.] Add; 
8. The face of a precipice, Selkirks. 

" After much labour we completed this cave, 
throwing the stuff into the torrent below, so that the 
most minute investigator could not distinguish the 
smallest difference in the Unn, or face of the pre- 
cipice." Brownie of Bodsbeck, ii. 70. 
4. A shrubby ravine, Roxb. ; Clench synon. 

This is only a slight variation from the preceding 

Delete the four last lines in DiCT., and add; 

This is obviously the sense of /^n given by Sibb., 
" two opposite contiguous cliffs or heughe covered 



with brushwoods" It indeed denotes any place where 

there are steep rocks and water, though there is no 


To Lin, v. (u To hollow out the ground by force- 

of water, Roxb. 
LiN-KKEPEB, s, A large fresh-water trout, which 
is supposed to keep possession of a particular 
pool or linny Kinross. 
LiN-LYAR, 8. The aame with Lin^Keeper^ Fife. 
To LIN, Linn, i^ a. To cease.] Adid; 
For th' uncle and the nephew never /tii. 
Till out of Canaan they have chac't them clean. 
Z, Boyd^s Garden qfZion, p. S6. 
" Never Un, signiies not to tire or give over." 
Clav. Yorks. 

This term is still used in the same sense, Ettr. For. 

** Weel, the gled, he fand them sae fat and sae 

gusty, that he never Unned till he had taen away 

every chicken that the wife had." Perils of Man, 

i. 238. 

LIN, Line, s. Flax, or what is elsewhere called 
linff Dumfr. 

This, although provincial in S., is given by Junius 
and Johns, as £. It seems to have been formerly the 
general pronunciation in S., as far as we may judge 
from the composite term Lingd or Lin^seed. A.S. 
/in, C.B. llin, Belg. lijn, Fr. lin, Lat /ta-Kjit, id. 
LINARICH, s. A sca^plant, 

*' They use the sea-plant Linarich to cure the 
wound, and it proves effectual for this purpose, and 
also for the megrim and burning. — ^The green sea- 
plant Linarich is by them apply'd to the temples and 
forehead to dry up defluxions, and also for drawing 
up the tonsels." Martin's West Isl. p. 77* 

Then did the elders him desyre 
Vpon the mome to mak a fyre. 
To bume the witches both to deid : 
But or the mome he fand remeid.— - 
Laich in a lyncbw, whair thay lay. 
Then Lowrie lowsit them, long or day. 
Legend Bp. St Androu^ Poems l6th Cent. -p, 3^6, 
*' Bush," Gl. But the sense requires that we should 
understand the term as denoting a jail, or place of 
confinement; as they are said to be latch or low in it, 
probably under ground. It seems necessary, there- 
fore, to view this as an errat for limhus; as it is still 
vulgarly said, in the same sense, that one is in limbo. 
That this must be the case, is evident from what 

Yet with the people he was suspected. 
Trowing the teallis [[tales]] befoir was 8pocken> 
Becaus they saw no presone brocken. 
To LINCH, V, n. To halt, to limp, Ettr. For. 

Su.G. link^a. Germ, linck^en, claudicare. 
LINDER, s. A short gown.] Add ; 

This garment, which is generally made of blue 
woollen cloth, sits close to the body, and has a num- 
ber of flaps or skirts all round, hanging down about 
six inches from the waist The tradition in Ang. is, 
that it was borrowed from the Danes, ahd has been 
in use since the4>eriod of their invasions. 
LYNER, 8^ One who measures land, &c.] Add; 



'' The Bailliet ordanit the fynaris to pM8 to the 
ground c^the said tenement, and lyne and marche 
the same/' &c. Aberd. Reg. A. 1541. V. 17- 
LING, s. 1. A species of gra^, Ayrs.] Inseriy 

as sense 
J. " Draw lingy Scirpus oespitosus, Linn.'' Agr. 

Surv. Ayrs. p. 485. 
8. Pull Ivngy &c.] Add to etymon ; 

This seems indeed the primary and proper sense. 
Isl. Ung erica, parva virgulta proferentia baccas ; G. 
Andr.^p. 16?. Lingy in Berwicks.> denotes heath of 
die first year, when it has the form of a thin long 
grass. Afterwards it is called heather. The shep« 
herds speak of ^' heather-bells, bent and Ung" in 
distinction from each other. 

LING AN, 1. Shoemaker's thread, S. V. Lingel. 
2. A lash or taw to a whip, Fife. 

This corresponds nearly with the Isl. term men- 
tioned under LingeL 
LINGAT, s. An ingot ; Fr. Ungoi. 

" Item twa lingattis of gold." Inventories, p. 10. 
To LINGE, Lynge, v. a. To flog, to beat, Gall. 

*' Linged, lashed, beaten." Gall. Encycl. 

I know not if this can have any connexion with 
O.Teut. lenss^en, lentS'en, solvere ; as we use the v. 
to Pay metaph. in the same sense. 

LINGEL, LiNGLK, 8. 1. Shoemaker^s thread.] 


In the same sense it occurs in O.E. ^ LyngeU 
that souters sowe with, [Fr.]] diefgros^ lignier;" 
Palsgr. B. iii. F. 45. Add to etymon ; 

lA. lengia lamina, ssepius coriacea oblonga; Hal- 
To LiNGEL, V. a. To bind firmly, as shoemakers 

do leather with their thread. 
Come like a cobler, Donald MacGillavry, 
Beat them, and bore them, and Zinged ^em devedy* 

Jacobiie Relics, i. 102. 


'^ The same day th0y spoiled my lord Regentis 
ludgene, and tuik out his pottis and panes, &c. his 
linger about his hous with sum canabie beddis^ al- 
beit they were of little importance." Bannatyne's 
Journal, p. 145. 

Apparently the furniture, q. what hehngt to the 
house. Teut. /a»gA-«n promer^ suppeditare; ver* 
langh, res necessaria. 

LINGIS, Lings, term.] Add; 

According to Johnstone, Gloss. Lodbrok, p. 59> 
Isl. ling is a termination corresponding to iUs, in Lat 

It would seem, however, in Isl. sometimes to con- 
vey the idea expressed by alongsi, S. alangis, q. by 
the length of the object refeired to. Thus baklengis 
signifies backward; retr<Mrsum, Verel. S^grufelyngis 
appears to suggest the same idea; q. extended at one's 
full length on the belly. 

In common pronunciation what was formerly writ* 
ten lingis, or lings, is softened into line. 

In Dan. it assumes a different form ; Baglaends, 
backif/ards. At gaae baglaends, to go backwards, to 
retreat, Wolff*; Baden expl. baglaends recessim ; and 
also by liggende paa ryggen, reclinis ; supinus. The 


termination bunds thus seems to be formed firom 

laengde longitude. 

LINGIT, adj. 1. Flexible, pliant] AM; 

This term includes a variety of ideas., length or 
tallness, limbemess^ and agility> South of S. 

" Hout,' — said auld John, * try him, he's but a 
safl feckless-like chiel ; I think ye needna be sae 
feared for him.' ' It is a' ye ken,' said another ; * do 
nae ye see that he's Ungit like a grew [greyhound]], 
«-«nd he'll rin like ane ; — ^they say he rins fasted 
than a horse can gallop." Anecd. Pastoral Lifi^, 
Edin. Month. Mag. June 1817« p. 248. 
8. Thin, lean, wanihriven ; especially applied to 

an animal that is very lank in the belly ; as, 

^' the Ungit cat.^ ^^ She^s just like a Ungit 

haddo;^ Roxb. 
LINGLE^BACE, s. << A long weak back ;"" 

Gall. Encyd. 
Ltnyng, s. The act of measuring land, or of 

fixing the boundaries between contiguous pos- 

The aocioim— persewit be Johne of Redepetih 
4^ain the peraonis that past apone the lynyng betuix 
the said Johne & Patrik of Balbimy is remittit & 
referrit to the lordis," &c. Act Dom. Cone. A. 
1484, p. 14. V. Lyne, Lyn, v. 
To Link, v. n. To walk smartly, &c] Add; 

The part Unking is used in the sense of active, 
agUe, S. 

^— '^ A man that can whistle ye up a thousand' or 
feifteen hundred linking lads to do his will* wad 
hardly get fifty punds on his band at the Cross o' 
Glasgow." Rob Roy, iL 291. 
S. To do any thing quickly ; very commonly used 

to denote diligence in spinning; as, '^ She^a 

Unkin" awa' at the wheels So. of S., GK SibU 
To Link «^ v^ a. To do any thing with clever* 

ness and expedition, S. 

— -'' She cloutet a' our duds till they leiikit like 
new frae the steek, imd Unldl affher twa hasps every 
day." Saxon and Gael, i 109. 

The verbs to lamp, to Ung or laing, and to Unk, all 
denote ^e action of the body in walking, but in 
different respects. Ta lamp is to walk rather in a 
prancing mann^, lifting the feet high. To Ung, or 
laing, is to take long steps, to move with a sort of 
swing, synon. with the phrase naigin aimd. To Unk, 
which is apparently a frequentative from Ling, is to 
walk with short and quick steps. 
To LINK, t7. n. To walk arm in arm, S. 

" Ltn^eci— Persons walking arm in arm, are said 
to be linked or huiked," i., e. hooked. Gall. Encycl. 
LINK, s. A division of a peat stack. Gall. 

" Links 0' IVo/i.— »£ach division-— is called a £fii(A* 
so the stack is made up of UnksJ* Gall. EncycL 
LINKIE, adj. Sly^ wagg^ ; as, ^^ a linkiie loon/^ 

LiNKiE, s, 1. A roguish or waggisli p»:soD^ one 

much given to tricks, RoxK 
S. A deceitful person, one on whom there can be 

no dependance, SvA. 

This may be firom E. Umk ,- as the term is often iU 
lustrated in this manner, '^ There are o'er mony links 

L Y O 


in hit tiil.^ But Daa. Unka, smister^ is also used in 
the Mote of sljr, dexterous, crafty;" WolE 

LINKS, s. fl. Used as signifying locks. 
Her twa rosy lips are like kamedrappit hinney. 
Her twa laughing een amang lads are uncanny ; 
Her Unks o' black hair owre her shouthers fa' bon- 
nie. Rem. Nitksd. and Gali. Sang, p. 93. 

LINKTJM-TWINE, s. Packthread, Aberd. 
'' His hose were llnkwrn-tmne." Old Song. 

Perhaps originally brought from Lincoln, like 
lAncwn green. 
LIN-PIN, LiNT-Piur, *. The linchpin, S., Lan- 


Stt.G. btnta, paxillus axis, Belg. londse. 
LINS, a termination common in S. as halflins, 

UindlinSf &c V. Lingis. 
To LINSH, V. n. To hop, Dumfr. Hence, 
LiNSH, «. A hop, ibid. V. Linch, v. 
To LINT, V. a. To lint one's haughy to sit 

down for a little while, ShetL 

Isl. lend-a, sedem sibi figere, pret. lendti ; from the 
idea of reaching land, a figure borrowed from a nau- 
tical life. Dan. lent-e, v. n. signifies to stay, to tarry. 
To LINT, V. n* " He wadna let me lint or I 

did it \" he would not let me rest, or he would 

B've me no peace, Mearns. 
L Su.G. Iuf»«a, Und^a, cessare, desinere. 

LINT-BELLS, s. fl The blossom or flower of 
flax, when growing, S. 
The Uttle wifie garrulous could tell. 
It was a towmont auM when Unt was in the hdL 

LiVT-90(W8, s. The pods containing the seeds ot 

flax, S. V. Bow, s. 2. 
LiMT-BRAKE, s. An instrument used for break'^ 
ing or softening flax, in place of the fluted rol- 
lers of the flax-mill, previous to the operations 
of rubbing and swingling, Teviotd. 
LiNT-RiPPLS, s. V. Ripple. 
LiKT-sTBAiK, s. ^' A head or handful of new 

dressed flax ;^ Gall.. Encycl. 
Lint-tap, s.. As much flax as is usually l^dd on 

a rock for being spun ofl^, S. 
LYNTH, s. Length ; Aberd. Reg. passim. 
LINTIE, s. The linnet, S. 

'^ She wrought like a negro, sang like a Untie, waa 
always contented and cheerful." Campbell, ii. 75% 
LYON, s. The name of a gold com anciently 
struck in S. 

'^ That thair be strikin ane new penny of gold callit 
a Lymi, with the prent of the Lyon on the ta syde 
and the image of the Sanct Androw on the tother 
syde, with a syde coif euin to his fute, balding the 
samin wecht of the half Inglis nobilL— And that the 
said new Lyon fra the day that it be cryit haue cours 
and sail rin for vi. s. viii.d. of the said money, and the 
half Z'^on of wecht-— haue cours for iii.. s. iiij. d. Acts 
Ja. XL A. 1421, c. 34, Ed. 1566. 

This is obviously designed the new lyon, because 
a coin nearly l^e same had been in currency from 
the time of Robert II. There is this difierence, how« 
everj that on the coins of the preceding kings^ St. 


Andrew appears extended on the oxo^s, here he only 
holds it in his hands. They differ also in the legend. 

According to Cardonnel, this coin, because of the 
device, was also called the St. Andrew ; Numism.. 
Pref. p. 28. 
To LIP, V. a. To break pieces from the face of 

edge-tools, as ; " I've Uppit my pen-knive,^ 

S. ; evidently from E. Zip, s. 
LYPE, s. A crease, a fold, S. In lub^ id. 
Lypit, part. ad}. Creased, Aberd. 
LIPPENING, part. adj. Occasional, accidental, 


** I aye telled thegudeman ye meant weel to him ; 
but he taks the tout at every bit Uppening word." 
Bride of Lammermoor, i. 312. 

This has no proper connection with Lippin, Lippen, 
to expect. It indeed conveys an idea rather directly 
the reverse. Shall we suppose that it has originated 
from A.S. hleapende^ saliens, exsiliens; q. a word 
leaping out without previous intention ? IsL hUop is 
used to denote precipitancy, from klaup^ currere. 
LIPPER, a term used as forming a superlative. 

Thus cattle are said to be Upper Jat^ when very 

fat, Roxb. 
LiPP£R, adf. 1. Leprous.} J^M^r^, as s^ise 
S. Still commonly usecl with respect to those whose 

bodies are covered with the small-pox, measles, 

or any general eruption ; Fife. 

Lyper is the orthography of Aberd. Reg. It ia 
conjoined with its synonyme meseU. 

''The quhilkswinewes fundin Zypermesell." V. 15. 
LIPPERJAY, 8. A jackdaw or jay, Dumfr. ; 

perhaps q. leaper^ay^ from its perpetual skip- 
LIPPY, 8. A bumpw, Ayrs. 

" I'll gie you a -toast, a thing which, but on an oc« 
casioQ, I ne'er think o' minting, and this toast ye 
maun a' mak a lippy" The Entail, iii. 77> 

'' He then held the glass to the mistress, and she 
made it a lippu." R. Gilhaize, iii. l60. 

Full to the Up of the vessel, like £. Brimmer, from. 

LIPPIE, s. The fourth part of a peck.] Add ; 

Synon.. Forpet. 

The usual way of reckoning grain in by Lades^ 
Bolls, Firlots, Pecks, and Ldppies. 

This is also written leippie in the oldest example 
of its use, as far as I have observed.. 

— " Of quheit nyne bolls, tua firlotts, tua pecks, 
lua Uppies, half leippie, and four quarters of ane half' 
hippie," &c. Acts Cha. I. Ed. 1814, V. Il6. 

*^ Give each beast twice a day, morning and even* 
ing, — a Uppy and a half [[f of a peck^ Linlithgow 
measure, of the best oats, mixed with half the quan*. 
tity of the bruised peas." Maxwell's Sel. Trans, p.. 
572. Insert, after extract from Wiclif ; 

^' Lepe or basket.. Sporta. Calathus. Corbis^ Ca-^ 
nistrum," Prompt Parv. '* Lepst or a basket, f Fr. J 
corbeille ;" Palsgr. B. iii. F. 44, b. Lepe had been 
also used to denote a sort of fish-net. *' Lepe for- 
fisshe takyng or kepinge. Nassa." Prompt Parv^ 
*' Nassa, a pyche or a fysshe kpe." Ort Vocab. 

To LIPPIN, LXPPYK, LttPKN-l Read,, v. a.. 

L I R 


1* To expect, to look for with confidence. 

Conjoin with this sense the extract from Wyn- 
town, vii. 4. 138. 

'^ Quharefore^ I require you, in my maitt haftlie 
maner, to send to me your resolut answer thairunto 
in writ with this berar, that I may perfitlie under- 
stand quhat I may fyppin." Lord Hume> Sadler's 
Papers, i. 599. 
Lypnyno, g. Expectation, confidence.] Jdd; 

This was afterwards corr. to Lippinine, as appears 
from an autograph letter of Q. Mary, l6th July 1565. 

*' This we doubt not hot ye will do according to our 
Uppinins with all possible haist." Keiths p. 299* 
LIPPING, LippiN-Fow, adj. 1. FuU to the 

brim, or lips of the vessel, Roxb., Gall. 

'' Lippin-fu, brimming full to the lips." Gall. Enc. 
S. A river when flooded, is said to be lipping^ 

To LIRB, V, a. To sip, Aberd. 

Isl. lepra, sorbillum, might seem allied ; or corr. 
from Dan. lU>ber ill, delibo^ degusto. 
LIRE, Lyr, Lyre, s. 1. The fleshy or mus* 

cular parts, &c.] Add ; 

The latest instance I have met with of the use of the 
phrase, bene and lyre, is in Spalding's Troubles, when 
he gives an account of that melancholy event, the 
blowing up of the Castle of Dunglass, i. 258. 

" Haddington with his friends and followers, re- 
joicing how they defended the army's magazine frae 
the English garrison of Berwick, came altogether to 
Dunglass^ having no fear of evil, where they were all 
suddenly blown up with the roof of the house in the 
air, by powder, whereof there was abundance in this 
place, and never bone nor Ij/re seen of them again, 
nor ever trial got how this stately house was blown 
up to the destruction of this nobleman, both worthy 
and valourous, and his dear friends." 
3. Lyre signifies the lean parts of butcher-meat, 

Ettr. For. 
1 i YRED, part. adf. Having some locks of hair of 

a lighter colour than the rest, S.B. V. Liabt. 
LYRE, s. The Shear-water.] Add; 

Brand gives the same account, as that already quo< 
ted, of the fatness of this bird. 

'* The Lyre is a rare and delicious sea-fowl^ so 
vertf faf, that you would take it to be nhdbf fat" 
Descr. of Orkney, p. 22. 

This quality being so very remarkable, as to be 
apparently characteristic of the animal ; may we not 
derive its name from Isl. lyre, q. the Jal fowl f V. 
the etymon of Lire, Lyr. 
LIRE, s. The udder of a cow, or other animal, 

Aberd. V. Lurk. 
LYRIE, s. One of the names given, on the Frith 

of Forth, to the Pogge. 

'^ Cottus Cataphractus. Pogge or Armed Bull- 
head ; Lyrie," Neill's List of Fishes, p. 9- 

Isl. hlyri is defined by Haldorson^ Anarricha marina, 
inter lupos marines pinguissima. He adds in Dan. 
*' a kind of Stenhider" Now^ the Pogge is denomi^ 
nated in Germ. Slein-bicker ; Schonevelde. 
To LIRE, v.n. To contract, to shrivel.] Add; 

'^ It £the elephant^ has no hair upon the skin of 
it but a rough tannic skin, and lirking throughout 


all its body ; the trunk} of it Hrks, and it contracts 
ity and draws it in, and dilates and lets it ott^ as it 
pleases." Law's Memorialise p. 176-7. 
LiRK, s. 2. A fold, a double.] Add; 

The mare^ who look'd both fat and plump. 
And had no lirk in all her leather. 
More than what's in a full blown bladder/-** 
— The mare, 1 say, when wind got vent, 
Look'd lean like butchers dogs in Lent 

Meston's Poems, p. 145. 
Inserty as sense 
S. Metaph. a double, a subterfuge. 

" It is the Lord we have to do with, who knowA 
how to seek out the lirks of our pretences." M'Ward's 
Contendings, p. 307. 

LiRKiE, ad;. Full of creases, wrinkled, S. 
L YSE-H AY, s. " Hay mowed ofi^ pasture-ground ;'' 

Gall. Encycl. 

Lyse is undoubtedly the genitive of Ley or Lea, 
pasture ground. 
LISK, Leesk, s. The flank, the groin, S.] Add; 

O.'E. " Leske. Inguen." Prompt. Parv. " L€ske,hj 
the belly ; QFr.] ayne, i. e. the groin ;" Palsgr. B. iii. 
F. 44, b. 
LISLEBURGH, s, a name said to have been 

given to the city of Edinburgh. 

*' About ten or twelve days ago, the Queen at our 
request came to this town of Lisl^urgk, to give hep 
orders about some affairs of state, which, without her 
personal presence, could not be got dispatched." Lett, 
from Privy .^Council of Scotl. to the Queen.*mother of 
France, 1566, Keith's Hist p. S48. 

" By many and incontestable evidences, I now see 
that Lisleburgh was the French appellation for Edin- 
burgh ; but why they came so to call it, I know 
not." Note, ibid. 

Could the French think of giving this name to our 
capital, q. /* isle bourg, the island-city, because in an- 
cient times, from the loch on each side, it was nearly 
in an insulated situation ; or from any supposed re- 
semblance to Lisle, a fortified city in Flanders, de- 
nominated from the streams with which it was sur- 
rounded } V. Lisle, Diet. Trev. 
LISPUND, s, A weight commonly used in Orkn. 

and Shetl. V, Leshpund, Leispuvd. 
ToLISS, r. n. To cease, to stop. It never lisseSy 

it never ceases, Roxb. 

Allied to Isl. leys-a, A.S. lys-an, solvere; Dan. fil- 
er, to ease, to help, to relieve ; lise, ease, relief^ com- 
fort. But the affinity is more evident from the A.S. 
noun, from which our v, might be formed. lAsse, re- 
missio, relaxatio, cessatio; a '' a slacking or loosing, a 
ceasing," Somner. Hence lysing, lesing, lesnesse, li- 
beratio, ** a loosing." 

Liss, s. 1. Cessation; a state of quietness, Roxb. 
S. It most commonly denotes an interval in the 

time of sickness, ibid. 
LissENS, s. Release, an interval from trouble ; as, 

*^ He has nae lissens frae the cough ;^ he has no 

cessation in coughing ; the cough harasses him 

without intermission ;^ Loth. Leeshins, S.A. 

I was at first diposed to view this s. as the same 
with £. license. But, in consequence of becoming ac- 
quainted with the use of the v,, I am satisfied that 



they must be viewed as havmg the same origin. The 
Lat V. indeed^ Uc-ire, whence Ucentia, would seem 
radically the same with leys^a and Us^an. 
LIST, adj. Agile. 

'' When any of his disciples were not just so Usi 
and brisk as diey might have been-— he thought no 
shame, even on die Golf- fields, — to curse and swear 
at them, as if he had himself been one of the King's 
cavaliers." R. Gilbaize, ii. 130. 

Chaucer Ussed, eased, relieved, is the only term I 
have observed, which may perhaps be allied. 
LIST, s. Apparently for Lasty as denodng a 

certain quantity of fish. 

« viij /«/ of fysche ;" Aberd. Reg. A. 1535. V.15. 
To LIT, V. n. To blush deeply, to be suffused 

with blushes ; as, ^< Her face liUit ;"' Fife. 

IsL Ut-ati tingor, colorem muto, V. Lit, v. «. 
Lit, LiTT, «. 1. Colour, dye, tinge.] Add\ 

2. Dye-stuffs, S. 

" Lit called orchard fi/, the barrell— xx 1." Rates, 
A l6ll. 

Perhaps we have the root in C.B. Uvrv color, whence 
Uitvydd tinctor, our liUtar, 
LiTSTAR, LiTSTER, s, A dvcr, &c. S.] Add; 

This, I find, is also O.E. *^ JLilstar. Tinctor. LU'» 
tinge of clothe. Tinctura." Prompt. Parv. The v, 
was also in use. " Litlifn clothes. Tingo." Ibid. 
LiTTiNG-LEiD, 8, A vcssel uscd by dyers. 

*^ Ane gryt Uiting kid price tuenty poundis, ane 
litill lilting Ldd price sax poundis, ane masar of sil- 
uer." Aberd. Reg. A. 1541, V. 17. 

At first view one might suppose that this had been 
called a leidjLS being formed of lead. But this origin 
seems very doubtful, as Teut. laede signifies capsa, 
cista, theca, loculus» arcula. 

•LITANY,*. Along unmeaning effusion, Aberd. 
To LITCH, w, a. " To stnke over;'' Gall. 

Encycl. Perhaps corr. from E. Leash. 
To Lyte, v.n. To nominate, to propose for elec- 

tion ; the term always implying that there is an 

opportunity given of preferring one to another. 

" The saidis provest, baillies, and counsell fsall^ 
nominat and li/te thrie personis of the maist discreit^^ 
godlie, and qualifeit personis of euerie one of the 
saidis fourtene craftis, maist expert hand lawbora- 
ris of thair aw in craft ; — and euerie craft be thame 
selfBs furth of thir names sail elect a persoun quha 
salbe thair deacone for that yeir.** Acts Ja.VI. 1584, 
Ed. 1814, p. S62. 

LITE, s, Synon. with Sfuirn, Aberd. V. Loit. 
LITH, *. 1. A limb, S.] Add; 

Lyth or lyrome. Membrum. — Lythfro hfth. Mem- 
bratim.'^ Ptompt Parv. 

3. A division in any fruit ; as, ^' the lith of an 
Granger,'' — " of an ingan," &c. S. 

4. The rings surrounding the base of a cow's horn, 
M. Loth. 

" The horns of the Mysore cow are without an- 
nulets, or litks as we cdl them." Agr. Surv. M. 
Loth. p. 155. 
To Lith, v. a. To separate the joints, &c.] Add; 

Isl, tid-a, articulatim dividere, deartuare. 
To LITHEj^ v.a. 1. To soften, &c,l Add; 

I am inclined to think, that this is tne original 


idea of A. Bor. kalh^ '* ceasing, intermission ;" espe- 
cially as Ray gives this example, "no leath rfpaiti;" 
i. e. I apprehend, no mitigation. He very unnaturally 
derives it from the word " leave, no leaving of pajn.** 
Coll. p. 44. This may also be the origin ojf " Lathe, 
ease or rest," ibid. p. 43, which, with more verisimi- 
litude, he deduces from A.S. latian differre, tardare, 

3. Applied to water, when thickened by mud. 

" Old colliers and sinkers — ^report that the pro- 
gress made in sinking through hard stone was so very 
slow, that the coalmaster frequently inquired if the 
sinkers were lything the water, that is, making it 
of a thick and muddy colour by their operations." 
Bald's Coal-trade of S. p. IS. 

Lythe, adj. Of an assuaging quality.]] Add; 

" Lythe, soft in felinge. Mollis. Leuis." Prompt. 

Lythie, (zdj. Warm, comfortable, S. 
There, seated in a lythie nook. 

You'll tent my twa-three lammies play ^ 
And see the siller burnie crook. 

And list the laverock's sang sae gay. 

Campbell, ii. 68. 
Lythie, Lythy, adJ, Thickened or mellowed ; 
as applied to broth or soup, Teviotd. V. Lythe,^ 
V. a., to soften. 
This is the how and hungry hour. 

When the best cures for grief^ 
Are cogfous of the lythy kail. 
And a good junt of beef. 

Watty and Madge, Herds Coll ii. 1 98. 
'' I am a bit of aleech mysel : He maun be cockered 
up wi' spice and pottages, strong and lithy" Tour- 
nay, p. 289. 

LiTHiN, s. A mixture of oatmeal, and sometimes 
of milk, poured into broth for mellowing it, S. 
LITHE R, ad/. Lazy, sleepy, Ett. Fpr. 

Su.G. lat, Isl. latur, piger. 
LiTHERLiE, adv. Lazily, ibid. 

" I hurklit liiherlye down, and craup forret alang 
on myne looffis," &c. Wint. Tales, ii. 41. V. Lidder^ 
LITHER, adj, A llther sky^ a yielding sky, when 
the clouds undulate, Roxb. 
Perhaps merely the £. adj., as signifying pliant 
LYTHOCKS, s. pk " A mixture of meal and 
cold water stirred together over the fire till they 
boil ; applied to tumours, Ayrs., Gl. Picken. 
This may be formed from Lythe, to soften to mel- 
low, q. V. with the addition of the termination ock, 
so common in the West of S., as expressive of dimi- 
nution. It however nearly resembles the A.S. v. 
lithewaeC'Un, to become mellow. Lithewac is used 
as an adj., signifying pliant, flexible. 

LITHRY, s. A crowd.] Add ; 

This seems originally the same with Ladry. 

As this term is also pronounced Leiihry, and is. 
much used in Aberdeenshire, it has been said that 
it was '^ originally derived froi» Leiih of Hart^ 
hill, and his clan, who were a very violent, rude, an 
quarrelsome people." But according to this rule of 
derivation, n\any other northern clans must have 
given rise to terms of a similar signification. 
•LITIGIOUS, adj. 1. Prolix, tedious in dis. 



course ; a metaph: use of tlie tertn^ among tbe 
volgar, borroired from the procrasdnatiioa of 
courts of ]a!Wj Lotfa. 
S. Vindictive ; also pron. Latigiom^ Aberd. 
LITIS, s,pl. Strifes, debates ; Lat. lites, 

— *' That the kingis hienes gar wryte his lettrez 
to baith the said prelatis, exhorting and praying' 
thame to leif thair contentiounis^ litis and pleyis con- 
trare till vtheris now mouit^ and dependand betuix 
thame in the court of Rome." Acts Ja. IV. 1493, 
Ed. 1814, p. 232. 

LiTiscoNTESTATiouNE, s. This term properly 
ngnifies that state of a case, in which both par« 
ties having been fully heard before a judge^ it 
is understood that l>oth agree that he should 
give a final decision. 

'^ Jame Spark protestysthatRechert Watsounbe 
exemmyt or liliscontestatioune be maid in the said 
causs." Aberd. Reg. V. 16, p. 601. Or, before. 


^' Ane mekill leid, ane litill leid, tua litsaltis," &c. 
Aberd. Reg. A. 1545, V. 1 9. 

Perhaps it should be read litfallis, or UtfaUii, q. 
Jots for lit, or dye-stuffs ; as the phrase, " ane Ui 
Jait," occurs elsewhere. V. 21. 
JLYTT, s. A list used in the nomination of per- 
sons with a view to their being elected to an 
office ; the same with Leei^ q. v. 
*' Anent the lytU to be Baillies, they sail not be di- 
videt nor casten in four ranks, — ^bot to be chosen in« 
differently, ane out of the twelff lyiU," &c. Blue 
Blanket, p. 114. 
To Lytt, v. a. To nominate. 

** That nane have vote in lytting, voiting, electing^ 
&c., but the persons hereafter following. — There- 
after the saids Provest, &c. shall nominat and lytt 
three persons of the maist discreet, godly and qua* 
lified persons — of the saids fourteen crafts." IbidL 

E114. 116. 
ITTAR, 8. 

'^ Item half a Uttar of crammosie velvot freinyeit 
with gold and silk." Inventories, A. 1561, p. 146« 

Apparently a sort of bed carried by horses, a horse- 
litter for travelling ; Fr. Uiierey Uctiere, from Uet^ a 
bed, Lat. lectins. 

LITTERSTANE, s. A stone shaped into the 
form of a brick, about two feet in length, and 
one foot in other dimensions, Aberd. 
** The stones are called litter stones, because, be- 
fore the roads were formed, they used to be carried 
in a Utter to the builders, and were sold at fourpence 
each, delivered at the foot of the wall ; Agr. Surv. 
Aberd. p. 57. 
LITTLEANE, a. A child.] Add ; 

Hamilton writes this as a compound term ; ** The 
declaration— of thy wordis lichtens, and^ewis trew 
intelligence to the lyiil anes" ' Facile Traictise, 

p. eg. 

LITTLE-BOUKIT, ad/. 1. Small in aze,&c.] 


The carlings Maggy had so cleuked— 
They made her twice as little bouked, 

Farbes's Dominie Deposed, p. S7* 


L I V 

LnTLEJ[>INNER, s. A moniel takeain the 

morning before 0oiiig tawork, Teviotd., Loth. 
LITTLE.GUDE, J. The devU, Ayrs. 

^-*^ The mim maidens nowadays have delivered 
themselves up to the LUtie^gtide in the diape and 
glamour o' novelles and Thomson's Seasons." The 
Entail, ii. 284. 

^ The LitOe^gude was surely busy that night, for I 
thought the apparition was the widiow." The Steam* 
Boat, p. 301. 

'' Neighbours began to— >wonder at what could be 
the cause of all this running here and ridkig there, 
as if the litllegude was at his heels." Asnab of the 
Parish, p. 384. 

LITTLER, comp. of Little ; kss^ S.B. 
Littlest, superl. Least, ibid. 

LITTLE WORTH, adj. Worthless ; a term 
often applied to a person who has a bad charac- 
ter, and is viewed as destitute of moral princi^t' 
pie, S. He's a littletoorth body or creature. 
*' He returned for answer that he would not come 

to a stranger. — He defended himself by saying, * He 

had once come to a stranger who sent for him ; and 

he found him a Uttle worth person." Boswell's Jour« 

nal, p. 62, 65. 

The phrase, though not used in a composite form^ 

occurs m E. Hence it is said, Prov. x. 20. *' The 

heart of the wicked is UttU worth.** 

LiTTLEwoBTH, 8. This term is used substantive* 
lyin Dumfr.; as^He'salittlezporffu V. Muc^ls- 


LITTLIE, adj. Rather little, Loth. 

It is not sJways used in this sense. For the ex<« 
pression, unco littlie, is sometimes used. 

Perhaps formed ^om the A.S. v. lytUg-^an^ to A%* 
crease. That ic hftUge, ut decrescam ; Lye. 

To LIVER, r. a- To unload.] Add; 

" If any of that victuall shall happin to be Uvered 
within their bounds— that they also detaine and sease 
the victuall," &c. ActsCha. II. Ed. 1814, VIII. 6l. 
LIVER, adf. Lively, sprightly, Teviotd. ; the 

same with Ddiver. 
LIVER-CRUEE,Liv£B-cBooK, s. Aninflam. 

mation of the intestines of calves, Roxb. 

" Calves, during the first three or four weeks, are 
sometimes seized with an inflammation in the inte»- 
tines, provincially caUed livcT'Crook or ttrings. It 
is attended with a strangury, and seldom cured." 
Agr. Surv. Roxb. p. 149. 

LIVERY-MEAL, s. Meal given to^servants a» 

a part of their wages, S. 

*' About the time of the Union, the common day's 
wages of a labourer were from 5d. to 6d. per day. 
When Itvery^meal was given, ft pecks or l6 lb. weight 
per week, seems to have been ^ ways the fixed quan- 
tity. Those ploughmen, who did not live in the far^ 
mer's house^ had, besides their liverv'meal, 6^ bolls 
per annum, and 4d. per week> unaer the name of 
kitchen money .** P. AUoa, Stat. Ace. viii. 6S6, N. 

Fr. livr^e, the " delivery of a thing that's given ; 
and (but lesse properly) the thinff so given.-— J^ 
lAvrSe des Chanoines, their«-daily allowance in 
victuals, or in money." Cotgr. Hence L.B. Uvraa 

L O A 

used in a similar sense. Uber^a, pnebitio, is sjr- 


LIXIE, s. The female who, before a Fenny- 
bridal, goes from place to place borrowing all 
the spoons, knives, forks, &c. that may be ne« 
cessary for the use of the company, Ang. She 
is entitled to her dinner gratis, as the payment 
of her services. L.B. lix-are^ mundare? 

LIZ, Lizzie, Leezie, $. Abbreviations of the 
name Elizabeth^ S. 

LOAGS, 8. pi. Stockings without feet, worn by 
the labounng classes during summer, Stirlings., 
South of S. ; LogSf I^th. ; synon. Hoeshins, 

H^'re gaun withouten shoon or boots^ 
But slorpin loags about your coots. 

Hogg's Scoi. Pastor alt, p. 17* 
LOALLING, 8. Loud mewing, Teviotdale. 

— ** They were agreeably surprised with the hal^ 
ling of cats ; which^ upon making their appearance 
OD the floor^ were all transmogrified into women." 
Edin. Mag. June 1820, p. bS^. 

A word perhaps transmitted from the Danes of 
Northumbria ; Dan. laU-er, " to sing, as a child go- 
ing to sleep, to sing lullaby/' Wolff; also hiUrcr; 
IsL lalUa, id. Lat lall^re. V. the etymon, of Lilt. 
LOAMY, adf. Slothful, inactive, Loth. Synon. 

lojfy S.B. 

Old Belg. lome, tardus, piger ; Kilian. Perhaps 
both this> and Teut loen, nomo stupidus, insulsus, 
have a common origin with Loy, q. v. 
LOAN, Lone, Loaking, 8. 1. An opening be- 

tween fields.] Add; 

Hence the pmrase a hale loan of kye^ i. e. all the 
cows belonging to a farm, S. ; all the mOch*cows be- 
ing assembled in the loan, 

Kimmer can milk a haU loan qfJcT^e^ 
Yet sit at the ingle fii' snug an' fu' dry. 

'' She possessed a sympathetic milking peg which 
could extract milk from any cow in the parish." Re- 
mains of Nithsdale Song, p. 291. 

Mr. Cromek here gives an account of the means 
used for restoring milk, when '' the sly Guidwyfe 
compounded with the mother of cantrips for her fude 
loan qfkye*' 

Cumb.Xffc^nm is rendered^e; Gl. Relph. "Looan^ 
or looamn," id. Grose. 
LoAKiNG-DYKE, 8. " A Wall, commonly of sods, 

dividing the arable land from the pasture;^ 

Agr. Surv. Caithn. p. 148. 
LoAN-soup, 8, A draught of milk given to a 

stranger who comes to the place where the cows 

on a farm are milked ; milk fresh from the oow,S. 

'^ You are as white as a loan soup," S. Prov. ** Spo- 
ken to flatterers who speak you fa4r> whom the Scots 
call WhiU Folk." Kelly, p. 371. 

** Milk given to strangers when they come where 
they are a milking," N. ibid. 

'^ In the mutual declarator of property between 
Mr. George Wilson of Plewlands and George Dun- 
das of that ilk, concerning the right of a loaning, — 
found Dundas's disposition to Plewlands, being of 
the same tenantry, lying on the east and west side 
of the loaning, it could not include or comprehend 
the same." Fountainh. SuppL Dec. iv. £d€* 

Vol. II. 73 


8. In some towns it is used to denote a narrow 

street, S. like E. Lane. 
LOAN, Lone, 8. Provisions. 

" It concerns his Majesty's lieges — to repair when 
and where he thinks fitting, upon 48 hours adver- 
tisement, with 15 days lone. These are therefore to 
require and command you, — to be in readiness, and 
prepared with 1 5 days provision." — " Ilk heritor to 
furnish his prest men with 40 days loan, and arms 
conform." Spalding, i. 115. 248 ; also 1 16, ii. 2S4« 

Spalding elsewhere gives us a curious and particu- 
lar account of the equipment of the troops raised, in 
Aberdeen, as part of the army of the covenanters, 
who went to join General Lesly in £ngland, A. 1644. 

" Ilk soldier was furnished with twa sarks, coat, 
breeks, hose and bonnet, bands and shoone, a sword 
and musket, powder and ball for so many, and other 
some a sword and pike, according to order ; and ilk 
soldier to have six shilling every day for the space 
of 40 days, of loan silver ; ilk twelve of them had a 
baggage horse, worth 50 pound, a stoup, a pan, a 
pot for their meat and drink, together with their hire 
or levy or loan money, ilk soldier estimate to 10 dol- 
burs." Troubles in S. ii. 150. 

It seems properly to signify wages, pay ; Germ. 
lohn, id. Teut loon, Su.G. loen, merces, from laen^, 
to give. V. Laen, Ihre, p. SO. 

To LOAVE, v.a.l. To expose for sale, Lanarks. 
This is probably an old Belgic word in our coun- 
try ; as it exactly corresponds to mod. Belg. loov^en, 
*' to ask money for wares, to set a price on goods, to 
rate ;" Sewel. Teut. lov^en am te verkoopen, (i. e. with 
a view to sale,) indicare, aestimare, pretium statuere 
rei venalis. Kilian views it as an oblique sense of 
lAm-en, laudare ; as, according to Horace, he praises 
his goods, who wishes to dispose of them. Hence 
looer, Belg. loover, " an asker of money," and heving, 
" asking of money for wares." 
2. To lower the price of any thing in purchasing, 
to offer a smaller price than has been asked ; as, 
" What did ye mak bjloavin^ my beast?^ Loth. 

LOBBA, 8. The same with Lubba, q. v. 

" On the berry heather and lobba pastures they 
f sheep^ are at their prime from five to seven years 
old." Agr. Surv. Shetl. App. p. 46. 

LOBSTER-TOAD, the Cancer Araneus. V. 

To LOCAL, V. a. To apportion an increase of 

salary to a minister among different landhold- 

ers, S. 

— ^'^ And anent thair prouision, to bcall sufficient 
stipendis, and augmentatioun of thair present sti« 
pendis, and assignatioun furth of the thriddis be the 
takkismen of teyndis," &c. Acts Ja. VI. 1593, Ed. 
1816, p. 34. 

^-'' Where that quantum is — locaUed or propor« 
tioned among the different landholders liable in the 
stipend, it is styled a decree *' of modification and 
locality." Erskine's Inst. B. ii. T. 10, § 47. 

'^ Worthy Dr. filattergoul was induced, from the 
mention of a grant of lands, — ^to enter into a long ex- 
planation concerning the interpretation given by the 
teind court in the consideration .of such a clause, 
which had occurred in a process for locaUing his last 
augmentation of stipend." Antiquary, ii. 93. 

L O C 

L O C 

Locality, s. 1. The apportioning of an increase 
of the parochial stipend on the landholders, ac- 
cording to certain rules, S. 
" The whole tithes of the parish out of which the 
stipend is modified^ are understood to be a security 
to the minister, till, by a decree of locality ^ the pro- 
portions payable by each landholder be ascertained. 
—After a decree of locality, no landlord is liable in 
more than the proportion that he is charged with by 
that decree." Erskine's Inst, ut sup, 
2. Used also in relation to the liferent of a widow, S, 
" The term locality is also applied to such lands as a 
widow has secured to her by her contract in liferent. 
These are said to be her locality lands." Bell's Diet. 
LOCH, LouGir, s, 2. An arm of the sea, S.lAdd; 
** There are, in several parts of the Highlands, 
winding hollows between the feet of the mountains 
whereinto the sea flows, of which hollows some are 
navigable for ships of burden for ten or twenty miles 
together, inland : Those the natives call locks or lakes, 
although they are salt, and have a flux and reflux, 
and therefore, more properly should be called Arms 
of the Sea." Burt's Letters, ii. 206, 207. 
Add to etymon ; 
E. Lave, to throw out water, or to throw it up, has 
been derived from Lat. lav-o to wash. The v. to lave, 
as used in S., properly signifies to throw water, in the 
way of dashing it on the face, or any other object. 
It includes the idea, both of copiousness, and of force; 
and is most probably allied to Isl. laav-ar, fluit, flue- 
titat ; as denoting the motion of the waves, or their 
dashing on the rocks. Ecke laav-ar urn steinin ; Non 
adfluit unda scopulo. Hence Laug-r primarily sig- 
nifies liquor fluens. Hence also laug^a lavo, abluo ; 
lat^, lavatio^ ablutio. The term loch, lough, as ap- 
plied to an arm of the sea, may thus have originally 
meant a body of flowing water. 

LOCHABER AXE, s. A sort of halbert of a 
large size, having a strong hook behind for lay- 
ing hold of the object assaulted, S. 
" That they be furnisched with halbert, Lockwaher 
axes, or Jedburgh staffes and swordis." Acts Cha. 
I. 1642, Ed. 1814, VI. 43. 

" Our hero set forth, — accompanied by his new 
friend Evan Dhu, and followed by the gamekeeper 
aforesaid, and by two wild Highlanders, the attend- 
ants of Angus, one of whom had upon his shoulder 
a hatchet at the end of a pole, called a Lochaber axe" 
Waverley, i. 238. 

** I have had great loss on the death of my wor- 
thy auld friend, Serjeant M'Fadigen, of the town- 
guard, which is all destroyed, with it's fine Lochaber^ 
fljref, which, sure enough, was a great ornament to the 
city." Saxon and Gael, i. 89. 

It is evident that in Moray this is viewed as a Da- 
nish instrument. For Mr. Douglas, town-clerk of 
Elgyn, in 1643, asserts that — there were only aucht 
score — able bodied men — in the town; — and of these 
only fourscore could be furnished with muscattis 
^muskets^, pickes, gunnis, halberds, Densaixes or 
Lochaber aixes" V. Statist. Ace. V. p. 16, N. 

The opinion of the inhabitants of this province is of 
considerable weight ; as it may be supposed that the 
fact had been handed down, from the time that the 
Danes had a temporary settlement in their country, 
that their invaders used weapons of this description. 


The name of this instrument has been varied in 
different countries and ages, according to the fiuicy 
of the people, or their ideas as to these who first used 
it. In Iceland it had been viewed as of Roman ori- 
gin. For Gudra. Andr. explains atgeir, securis Ro- 
mana, adding in Sw. ein hellebord, a halbert This 
name is formed from geir, a sort of hooked sword, a 
scimitar, also a spear, and at^a tingo, colores induco, 
properly cruenio ; as denoting the execution done by 
this weapon, q. a weapon died with gore. A.S. aetgar 
is undoubtedly the same word ; defined by Lye, ge- 
nus teli, also framea. Somner calls it a javelin or 
short kind of spear. 

It must certainly be viewed as properly a Goth, 
weapon. It might receive its vulgar name, as having 
been borrowed, by the inhabitants of Lochaber, from 
the Norwegians who settled on the north-west coa8t> 
or from the Scandinavians while they possessed the 
Hebudae. But the weapon itself does not' seem to 
have been Celtic. 

'^ Gildas mentions that the Picts had a kind of 
hooked spears, with which they drew the Britons 
down from the battlements of the wall of Gallio. 
Such spears were used among the Scandinavians ; 
and Bartholin gives us a print of one found in Ice- 
land. Sidonius ApoUinaris, describing the Gothic 
princes, says, Muniebantur lancets uncatis" Pinker- 
ton's Enquiry, i. 374, 375. 

The drawing referred to as given by Bartholin^ 
faces p. 364 of his Antiq. Danic The hook strongly 
resembles that of the Lochaber axe, but the side, cor-^ 
responding to the hatchet, does not project sufficient- 
ly. V. Densaixes. 
LOCHAN, s. A small lake. Gall. 

The rumour spreading round the lochan. 
The cause could not be told for laughin, 
How brithers pingled at their brochan. 

And made a din. Davidson's Seasons, p. 36. 

'' In the depth of the valley, there is a lochan (the 
diminutive of lock), of superlative beauty." Mrs. 
Grant's Superstitions, i. 266. 

Corn, laguen, a lake ; Ir. lochan, a pool. 
LOCHDEN, s. The name given to Lothian. 

The vulgar name is Louden. 

" Nixt to the merches Pichtland bordereth, now 
termed Loc/zderi.— The same river devydeth againe> 
from Lochden, a countrie quhair ar many tounes, as 
Dumfermling, Coupar," &c. Pitscottie's Cron. In- 
trod. xvi. The word may have been written Lotkden, 
LOCH-LEAROCK, s. A small grey water- 
bird, seen on Lochleven; called also a Whufikr. 

This seems equivalent to the lavrock or lark of the 
LOCHM AW, s. A species of mew. 

** Larus, a lock-maw." Wedderbum's Vocab. p. 16. 
LOCE9 ^. A small quantity, &c.] Add; 

" The expression lock for a small quantity of any 
readily divisible dry substance, as com, meal, flax, 
or the like, is still preserved, not only popularly, but 
in a legal description, as * the lock and gowpen,' or 
small quantity and handfiil, payable in thirlage cases, 
as in town multure." Heart M. Loth. ii. 2S, N. 
LOCKANTIES, Lockintkb, ifUerj. Expres- 
sive of surprise, equivalent to ** O f strange [^ 

Ayrs. ; perhaps q. lacJc-a-day. 

*' Lockanlies ! that sic guid auld stoops o' our kin« 



tra language sould be buriet" Edin. Mag. Apr. 1 82 1 > 
p. 35^, 

'' Lockintee I -O strange !" GL Pickcn. 
LOCKER, s. A ranunculus, Tweedd., Selkirks. 

The name of the Ranunculus nemorosus in Scania, 
a province of Sweden, is luck. In West-Gothl. it is 
called Hiot//ocW ; perhaps from lock, v. Su.G. lyck-a, 
as ''the flower, during rain, is carefully shut;" Linn. 
LOCKERB Y. A Lockerby lick, a severe stroke 

or wound on the face. 

" A great number were hurt in the face, which 
was called a Lockerby lick, especially the laird of 
Newark : Maxwell was all mangled in the face, and 
left for dead." Moyses' Mem. p. 221. 

If the phrase was not formerly in use, it must 
have had its rise from the circumstance of the action 
referred to taking place in the vicinity of Lockerby. 
LOCKERIEyO^/. Rippling; applied to astream, 


I know not if it be allied to Isl. hlick^ curvamen, 
q. forming curves ; or to Dan. lok^ a curled lock. 

LOCKET, s. The effect of belching, what is 

Ben ower the bar he gave a brocht. 
And laid about them sic a locket ; 
With eructavit cor meum. 
He hosted thair a hude full fra hira. 
Leg. Bp. St. Androisj Poems \6th Cent. p. 313. 
At first view I was disposed to render this by the 

common S. phrase a lock o*t, a *^ quantity of it" But 

I find that it must be an old A.S. word, from UKcet" 

an •eructare; Lye. 

LOCKFAST, LoKFAST, a^. Properly secured 

by bars and locks. 

" In respect the said gudis was in a lockfast house, 
so that the oBBcaris could not cum at them, ordanis 
the four Baillies, &c. — ^if need beis to make open 
doors, and take out the same gudis." Acts Town- 
Counc. Edin. A. 1560. • 

Lockfast Irvmes, instruments of whatever descrip- 
tion that are under lock. 

" And gif neid beis, to make oppin durris and 
vther lokfasi Iwmes, and to vse his Maiesties keyis 
to that effect" AcU Ja. VI. 1 592, Ed. 1 8 1 4, p. 56l . 
LOCK-HOLE, s. The key-hole, S.B. 

The lockin* tree wyne he did fiing. 
And owre the bam did throw't 

D. Anderson's Poems, p. 79* 

Qu. if the rung used as a bar for the door ? 
LOCKMAN, «. The public executioner.] Add^ 

after 1. 16.; 

" The Provost and Baillies of Edinburgh, as She- 
riffs within themselves,-^do judge Alexander Cock- 
bum their Hangman or Locksman within three suns, 
»-for murdering in his own house one of the licensed 
Blue-gown beggars," &c. Fountainh. i. I69. 

" £ockman — hangman, so called from the small 
Quantity of meal (Scotticd, hck) which he was enti- 
tled to take out of every boll exposed to market in 
the city. In Edinburgh the duty has been very long 
commuted ; but in Dumfries, the finisher of the law 
still exercises, or did lately exercise, his privilege, 
the quantity taken being regulated by a small iron 


ladle, which he uses as the measure of his perqui- 
site." Heart M. Loth. ii. 23, N. 
LOCUMTENENT, s. Lieutenant 

— **' The furnissing of thei fy fty men that suld pas 
to the locumtenent to Elgene for resisting of the Ilis 
men." Aberd. Reg. A. 154-3, V. 18. 

— '^ That passis to Innemess to the locumtenent 
for the tyme." Ibid. 
LOCUS, s. Ashes so light as to be easily blown 

about, Dumfr. 

C.B. llrvch, dust or powder, from llw, that which 
has aptitude of motion; Owen. 
LODDAN, s. A small pool, Gall. 
*' Loddans, small pools of standing water." Gall. £nc. 

This is evidently Gael, lodan, '' a light puddle," 
Shaw ; a dimin. from lod, a puddle, whence lodaigh' 
am, to stagnate. Isl. Ion signifies stagnum, lacunar, 
and lon-ar stagnat, vel stagni scatet, G. Andr. ; but 
I do not suppose that there is any affinity. 
LODISMAN, s. A pilot V. Ledisman. 
LODNIT, Ladnit, pret. Laded, put on board. 

" That — thair be takin be the customer of the 
porte wheir the goodis &c. ar embarkit, ane bond or 
obligatioun — ^by the maister of the schip and the fac- 
tour or pairtie that hdnit the goodis. — ^We the foir- 
saidis^-hes schippit and ladnit at the porte of Leith," 
&c. Acts Ja. VI. 1607, Ed. 1814, p. 370. 
To LOFT, V. a. To lift the feet high in walk- 
ing, Ettr. For. 

Dan. hefi-er to heave or lift up. 
LOFTED HOUSE, a house of more stories than 

one, S, 

" The chief and his guest had by this time reached 
the house of Glennaquoich, which consisted of Ian nan 
Chaistel's mansion, a high rude-looking square tower, 
with the addition of a Iqfied house, that is, a building 
of two stories, constructed by Fergus's grandfather, 
when he returned from that memorable expedition, 
well remembered by the western shires, under the 
name of the Highland Host." Waverley, i. 298. 

This seems to have been anciently denominated a 
Iqflkouss, as in Aberd. Reg. A. 1538, V. I6. 

Loft house, Aberd., still denotes the upper part of 
any building, used as a warehouse ; or the whole 
building, the loft of which is thus appropriated. 
LOGAN, 8. LA handful of money, or any 

thing else, thrown among a mob or parcel of 

boys, so as to produce a scramble, Aberd. 
2. The act of throwing in this manner, ibid. 

Isl. hgan signifies abalienatio, from loga alienare, 
to give away, to part with. 

But perhaps we should rather trace it to Gael, la* 
gan, the hollow of the hand, or lamhagan ^vaganj^ 
handling, groping; CB./Zafv, lamv, the hand, whence 
fcw-f, to handle, and gan capacity, gan-u to contain. 
To Logan, v. a. To throw any thing among a 

number of persons, for a scramble; to throw 

up any thin^, which is kept as property by him 

who catches it, ibid. 
LOGG, adj. Lukewarm, Gall. 

" Loggwater, lukewarm water." Gall. EncycL 

Gael, luighe signifies a cauldron, a kettle. But it 
seems to be rather a corr. of the first syllable of the 
£. word. y. Lew. 

L O K 

L O N 

To L06GAB, V. n. To hang loosely and large- 
ly, Dumfr. V. Loggabs. 
L0G6ARS, Stockings without feet, tied 

up with garters, and hanging down over the 

ancles, Dumfr. V. Loags. 

C.B. llodrau host, Uawdyr trowsers. - 
LOGGERIN\ adj. Drenched with moisture, 

Dumfr. Locherin (gutt.) id,, Upp. Clydes. 

Originally the same with Laggery and Laggerit. 
IsL laugur thermae^ baths. With the ancient Goths 
Saturday was denominated Laugurdag, because they 
were accustomed to bathe on this day. 
LOGS, J. ph Stockings without feet. V. Loags. 
LO Y, adj. Sluggish.] Add ; 

This is merely Sicamb. toy, &c. 

It has the same sense in Shetl. signifying lazy. We 
may add Wthe etymon^ Isl. lui lassitudo ; Haldorson. 

LOICHEN (gutt), 9. A quantity of any soft 

substance, as of pottage, flummery, &c., Ayrs. 

Gael, lochan, a little pool^ or lake ; leaghan, liquor; 
Uf^, a marsh ; and lagan, flummery ; may all have 
had a common origin^ as denoting what is in a state 
of moistness. 
LOYESTER, a, A stroke, a blow, Buchan. 

Isl. loslinn, verberatus^ percussus. This is the part 
pa. of liost^a ferire^ verberare. Hence^ lysterhoegg, a 
stroke with a stick given from above. 
LOYNE, 8. Used for S. Laany LonCy an opening 

between fields. 

— ->'' And all and sundrie mures^ mossis, waist 
ground, comoun wayes, loynes, and vthers comoun- 
ties," &c. Acts Cha. I. Ed. 1814, Vol. V. 94. 
LOIT, 8. 1. A spirt of boiling water, ejected 

from a pot by the force of the heat. Gall. 

" LoUs, those— drops which leap out of pots when 
they are boiling, and «ca«c7 those persons seated round 
tlie ingle" Gall. Encycl. 

C.B. llodfv, spirting or squirting, Uodtvy, a spirt, a 
squirt; Utvd, ejected. 
ft. Any liquid suddenly thrown out by the sto* 

macn, and falling on the ground, Dumfr. 
LOKADAISY, inteiy. Used as expressive of 

surprise. Loth., Berwicks. 

It is merely a corr. of £• alack^a^-day. Johns, views 
alack as a corr. of ala8. I can offer nothing more 
satisfactory. Junius, vo. Ala8, gives Belg. ey-lacey. 
But I suspect that it is an erratum y as I can find the 
term nowhere else. Roquefort derives O.Fr. las, lasse, 
alas, from Lat lass-us, fatigued. 
LOKE, interj. Used both as expressive of sur- 
prise and of gleesomeness, Loth., Clydes., Roxb» 

This might be viewed as changed from E. aUxk, 
were it not frequently used in the form of an irre- 
verent prayer. Lake keep me, &c., which plainly shews 
that it is a corr. of the divine name Lord. It is cu- 
rious, that those who have introduced this mode of 
expression, should have accidentally hit on the name 
of one of the false deities of our Gothic ancestors. 
This is Loke, whose attributes nearly resemble those 
of the evil principle of the oriental nations. He pro- 
duces the great serpent which encircles the world, 
viewed by some as an emblem of sin. He is also the 
parent o^Hda or Death, and of the ^olfFenris, that 
is to attack the gods, and destroy the world. V. 
Mallef s North. Antiq. 76 

LOKFAST,a<^'. Secured by a lock. V.Locxfast. 
LOLL, 8. 1. An idle inactive person, a slug- 
gard, Aberd. 

Ere he could change th' uncanny lair. 

And nae help to be gi'en him. 
There tumbled a mischievous pair 
O' mawten'd Mis aboon him. 
Christmas Ba'ing, Skinner's Misc. Poet. p. 150. 
This is undoubtedly allied to the £. y. to loll, to 
lean idly, which Johns, oddly inclines to trace to the 
reproachful term Lollard. Serenius refers to Sw. 
luU-a as synon. with the £. v., rendering it by Lat 
inniti. Su.G. lolla signifies foemina fatua ; Fenn. 
Udli impolitus, Gr. Barb. AivA-a< stolidus. Isl. hlUa 
lente moveri, loll motus remissus ; G. Andr. Hal« 
dorson renders the latter, segnities, tardatio ; loil^-a 
segniter agere ; and lollari ignavus, mentioning £. 
Lollard as a cognate term. 

2. In the West of S. the term loO is applied to 

human excrement. A great lolly magna merda. 

To LOLL, V. n. To emit a wild sort of cry, as a 

strange cat does ; to mew loudly, to caterwaul, 

Roxb., Berwicks. 

*' To Loll, to howl in the manner of a cat." Gl. Sibb. 


LOME, Loom, 8. 1. An utensil or instrument 

of any kind, &c.] Add; 

Thus it is used to denote a head-piece. 

" Ay, ay,' answered Lord Crawford ; ' I can read 
your handwriting in that cleft morion — Some one 
take it from the lad, and give him a bonnet, which, 
with its steel lining, will keep his head better than 
that broken loom.'* Q. Durward, ii. 107. 
2, A tub or vessel of any kind, &c.1 Add; 
The tott'ring chairs on ither clink,-— 
The ^0001^, they rattled i' the bink. 

Piper of Peebles, p. 15; 
LOMON, 8. A leg, Aberd. ; pron. with a liquid 

sound, q. Jyomon. V. Leomen. 

Isl. himma, magna et adunca manus. 
LOMPN YT, part. pa.l Add to etymon ; 

It is singular, that the Gael, retains the same word 
with that in Isl., only with a slight change of the 
vowel : Lonn, timbers laid under boats in order to. 
launch them the more easily, Shaw. 
LONE, 8. An avenue, an entry to a place t>r 

village, S. 

In this sense it nearly corresponds with £. lane, 
*' a narrow way between hedges." In S., however, 
the lone is often broad. V. Loan. 
LONE, 8. Provision for an army. V. Loan. 

• To LONG, V. n. This v. occurs in a sense in 
which I have not observed it in E. ; to be- 
come weary. 

*' Galat. 6. chap. 9. vers, he speakes this matter 
more planely. Let vs not wearie in doing good, and 
he addes to the promise, we shall reape the frute of 
our good deeds in our own tyme, if we long not, but 
go forward ay to the end." Bollock on 1 Thes. p. 297^ 

I have not met with this use of the v. except in 
Dan. laeng-er; " to be weary, to be tired ;" Wolff. 

• LONG, adv. An elliptical form of expression 
occurs in Scottish writmg, which I have not ob- 
served in E. This is hng ioy evidently for^ 
'^ long to the tkne^ referred to. 

L O N 


" All this telles vs in that great day what glorie 
and honour the faithfullministerB of Christ shall haae, 
for they shall shine as starres : byde a little while^ 
it is not hng to." RoUock on 1 Thes. p. 34. 
To LONGE, V. n. To tell a fair tale, to make 

a flattering speech, Ayrs. 

C.B. Uun-iaw, to fabricate. 
LONGEIT, pret. 

One aliane come frome beyond the s6 
-^LongeU with me suppoiss that I be peur. 

CMelbie Sow, v. 527- 

If this be the reading, it signifies, tarried, sojourn- 
ed ; A. S. long'tan taedere, or rather leng-ian prolon- 
gare. But it may be read hugeit, lodged ; Fr. log' 
er, O.Fr. huge, barraque de planche, Roquefort. 
LONGIE, *. The Guillemot, Shetl 

" CoUymbus Troile, (Linn. Syst.) Longie, Lom- 
givie of Pontoppidan, (Nat Hist. P. 11. p. 82.) Guil- 
lemot. Foolish Guillemot, Sea-Hen." Edmonstone's 
Zetl. iL 276. 

Evidently a corr. of the Norw. name. In Norw. 
it is also called Langivie, Penn. Zool. p. 410. 

LONGUEVILLE, s. A species of pear, S. 

** The IjongueviUe is very generally spread over 
the northern part of Britain, where aged trees of it 
exist in the neighbourhood of ancient monasteries." 
Neill's Hortic. Edin. Encycl. p. 211. 

Old Reid writes it LongamL 

" D warfe pears on the quince : but no pear holds 
well on it that I have tryed, save Red pears, Achans, 
and LongaviL" Scots Gard'ner, p. 88. 
LONYNG, s* 1. A narrow inclosed way, S, 

I find the word lonyng, used in this sense, so early 
as the year 1446. 

" Thai — ^gaf furth the marchis and meris betwix 
the said lands debatabile, in maner as folowis, that 
IS to say, A hnyns lyand throw the mur betwix twa 
aid stane dykes ; begynnand at the merkate gate ly- 
and to Aberdene, and extendand to the hicht of the 
hill at the south end of the der [f. deer] dyke." 
Cartul. Aberd. Macfarlan's Transcript, p. 8. V.Loan. 
S. The privilege of having a common through 

which cattle pass to or return from the places of 

pasture, S. 

— '^ Alse to appoint manssis and gleibis — ^with pas- 
turage^ ^oggage, fewall, faill, devet, lonyng, frie ische 
and entrie." Acts Cha. I. Ed. 1814, V. 400. 

LONACHI£S,LoNNACHs,«. jp/. 1. Couch-grass, 

Triticum repens, Linn., S.B. 

" Couch-grass, (here called Lonachies), in several 
varieties, is very apt to introduce itself into the ge- 
nerally free and gravelly soil of this county," Agr. 
Surv. Kincard. p. 376. 
2. Used also to denote couch-grass, as gathered 

into a heap on the fields, for being burnt ; synon. 

with WracJCj Meams. 

As this is also called Dog^s-grass, allied perhaps 
to GaeL luan, a dog, a grey-hound. We might con- 
jecture that the latter part of the word had been 
fonned from acais poison, because eating of this plant 
makes dogs vomit. 
LONKOR, s. << A hole built through dykes, to 

allow sheep to pass ;^ Gall. EncycT. 

Most probably from C.B. Unmd also Uwng, the 


gullet Llong^ from the same fountain, signifies, 
'* opening a passage ;" Owen. 

To LOO, V. a. To love. V. Luf, v. 
LOOF, 8. 1. The palm of the hand; pi. hoves, V. 

LUFE, LuiF, s. 
LooF-BANE, s. " The centre of the palm of the 

hand ;" (Jail Encycl. 
Outside of the Loof ; the " back of the hand ; 

i, e. rejection and repulse ;*" Gl. Antiq. 
LooFY, s. A stroke on the palm of the hand, 

S. V. under Lufe, Luif, s. 
LooFiE, s. A flat or plane stone, resembling tlie 

palm of the hand. Gall. 

'' Loofie Channel sianes. When curling first be- 
gan, it was played by flat stones, or loqfies ; these ar^ 
yet to be found in old lochs." Gall. Encycl. 
liOOFiEs, 8,ph ^^ Plain mittens for the hands ;^ ib. 
LOOKIN'-ON, j?ar^.jpa. Waiting the exit of one, 

of whose recovery there is no hope ; as, "How's 

John, ken ye?'' " Deed, he's sae vera bad, they're 

just hoktrC on 'im," Teviotd. 
A.S. on-loc'ian, intueri. 
LOOKIN'-TO, s. A prospect, in regard to what 

is future^ Roxb. ; synon. To-look, S. As " a 

gude hokirC'io.'^ 
To LooL, V. n. To sing in a dull and heavy man. 

ner, Ettr. For. 

This is nearly allied to the K ▼. to LuU, V. the 
etymon of Lilt, r. 
LOOM, s. Mist, fog, Gulloway. 

" This word [^Jjumtning'^ and loom, a mist or fog, 
are of kindred." Gall. Encycl. V. Lummino. It haa 
been conjectured, however, that the adj. may be al« 
lied to the £. sea-phrase, to Loom, to appear large at 
sea ; or Loom-gale, a fresh gale. 
Loomy, adj. Misty, covered with mist, Galloway. 

This, I suspect, is not a word of general use. 
-—Whiles glowrlng at the azure sky. 
And homy ocean's ure, & c. GalL Encycl. p. SSS. 
LOOP, 8, 1. The channel of any running water, 

that is left dry, when the water has changed its 

course, Upp. Lanarks. 

This term is of very ancient and general, use as 
denoting the course of a stream ; Isl. hlaup, Dan. h- 
ben; Teut loop curs us, from loop^en, currere, fluere; 
hop der Hvieren, alveus fluvii, fossa per quam labitur 
fliimen; Kilian. 
2. Pi. Loop8f the windings of a river or rivulet, 

Lanarks. ; synon. Linksy Crooks, 

It seems to be used, in Galloway, in the same sense 
in the singular. 

'^ He frequented the hop of a burn much ; this 
was an out-of-the-way nuik." Gall. Enc. vo. Heron. 
LOOPIE, adj. Crafty, deceitful, feci Add ; 

*' When I tauld him how this loopy lad, Allan Fair- 
ford, had served me, he said I might bring an action 
on the case." Redgauntlet, iii. £06. 
LOOSSIE, adj. Full of exfoliations of the cuti- 
cle of the skin ; applied to it when it is covered 

with dandriff*, Roxb., Peebles. 

Evidently from Luss, although differently sounded. 
LOOT, pret. Permitted ; S. from the v. to Z^ ; 

« Zroo^, did let j'' Gl. Shirr. 



LOOTEN, part, pa* of the same v. V. Luit. 
LOOTIN 0\ i. e. o/J esteemed. HeHl be nae mair 
lootin o\ he will not henceforth be held in esti- 
mation, Lanarks. V. Let, v, n. To reckon, &c. 
LOOVES, tf.pZ. Palms of the hands. V. Lufe. 
" The spirit o' mortal life — has been departed frae 
her carcase this slrickin hour. The foul fiend has 
entered into the empty tabernacle, and is e'en worlu 
ing a' the wicked pranks whilk we now witness, sic 
as the spreading o' looves, and tlie rowing o' een, and 
these mute benedictions whilk pass wi' simple fowk 
for certain signs o' holiness." Black w. Mag. Aug. 
1820, p. 513. 

This refers to the strange superstition which pre- 
vails in some parts of S., although it assumes diffe- 
rent forms. For, while it is here supposed that the 
devil may for a time be permitted to animate the 
corpse of one newly dead, others believe that the spi- 
rit of the departed may be recalled by the immode- 
rate grief of the survivors. This is viewed as not 
only causing great suffering to the departed, but as 
exposing the disobedient mourners to danger of bo- 
dily harm from the person recalled. 
To LOPPER, V. n. To coagulate. South of S. 

V. Lappeb. 
LOPPER-GOWAN, s. The yellow Ranuncu- 
lus whicli grows by the sides of streams, Clydes. 
Whether this name has any relation to the plant 
being ever used as a substitute for rennet, I cannot say. 
LORN, 8. The Crested Corvorant, Shetl. 

" Pelecanus Cristatus, (Linn, syst.) Lorn, (Huid- 
laaring of Pontoppidan) Crested Corvorant." £d- 
monstone's Zetl. ii. 250. 

Lorn may be a corruption of the latter part of the 
Norw. name given by Pontoppidan. 
To LOS, Lois, r. a. To unpack ; applied to goods 
of merchandise. 

^' The conseruatour sail not — admit onye cocquet, 
—except the mercheandis, &c. euerieane of thame, 
befoir the lousing of onie of thair gudis, mak faith — 
that he hes na forbiddin gudis, &c. And gif thai los 
onie gudis and geir cumand frome Scotlande befoir 
the geving of the said aithe, — it salbe lesum to the 
conseruatour to arreist the said schipe.'* Acts Ja. VL 
1597, Ed. 1814, p. 137. V. Loss and Louse. 
LOSANE, 8» A lozenge or rhomboidal figure. 
-*'' On the vther syde ane losane with ane thrissill 
on euery nuke in forme of a croce, with this circum* 
scriptioun, Oppidum Edinburgi." Acts Ja. VI. 15^3, 
Ed. 1814, p. 48. 

" Item ane uther dyamont, ground oure with /b- 
sanU, ennamelit with the freir knott." Inventories) 
A. 1542, p. 66, 

This is the same with the vulgar term Lozen, q. v. 

To LOSE THE HEAD, to suffer a diminution 
of strength, South of S. ; a metaph. apparently 
borrowed from the vegetable world. 

L0SEL,J. ExpL "idle rascal, worthless wretdi."] 
It is apparently used in a softer sense, by a Scottish 

writer of the 17th century^ as if equivalent to £. lout 

or clown. But perhaps he uses it improperly. 
^' If Cnichi, or Knight, in our old Saxon English, 

be interpreted a servant, as James and S. Paul were, 


6f God and Christ, how soon might the rude swahie, 
the country lossel, the clownfsh boor, the whistling 
plowman the earthy drudge, 6nd out a way for no* 
bilitating his family, and gentilizeing of himself, in 
observing the rules and orders belonging to the badge 
and profession of the gospel ?" Annand's Mysterium 
Pietatisj p. 94. 

LOSH, a corruption of the name Lord; some- 
times used as an inter), expressive of surprise, 
wonder, or astonishment, and at other times ut- 
tered as an unwarrantable prayer for the divine 
keeping, S. 

Losh man ! hae mercy wi' your natch. 

Bums, Epistle to a Taylor. 
It assumes a variety of forms ; as, Loshie, LosMC" 
me, Loshie-gosfiie, Lostie, Aberd. 

" St. Andrews. — Our citizens have long been cele« 
brated for loyalty. Not content with the festivities 
of St. George, the 12th of August is also observed as 
the birth-day of our liege Sovereign. * Zosk/ quoth 
a clown in the fair, as his astounded ears were sa- 
luted with the din of bells, • wha ever heerd o' the 
like o' a man born twice in a'e year ?' * Whisht 
man,' quoth his companion, * ilka man's no a king." 
Dundee Advertiser, Aug. 14, 1823. 

LOSH-HIDE, perhaps the skin of a lynx. 
*' Losh hides the piece — S, s." Rates, A. I67O. 
Sax. losse. Germ, lucks, lynx, lupys cervarius. 

LOSIN, part. pa. " Ane new sark losin with blak 
werk ;*" Aberd. Reg. V. 16. 

To LOSS, V, a. To unload, applied to a ship. In 

the same sense it is now said to liver^ S. 

" All horsemen and footmen went furth doun to 
Leyth to the tossing of the said bark, which incon- 
tinent was broght vp to the castell efler their loss* 
ifig." Bannatyne's Journal, p. 147. 

Belg. loss-en to unload. Geduurig Idssen en laaden, 
to unload and load continually ; Sewel. From the 
form of the word, it seems originally the same with 
that which signifies to loose. But in Su.G., Uus^a is 
to load, lassa of, and af-lassa, to unload, from lass, 
vehes, a load; Isl. hlas, id. whence hless-a onerare. 
I suspect, however, that the Belg. term is radically 
LossiKG, s. The act of unloading. V. the v. In 

the passage quoted above, the 8, also occurs. 

— " Went furth — to the tossing of the said bark." 

LOSSIEjflrd;. Applied to braird.ov thefirst shoot- 
ing of gram, fields of grain, pulse, &c. in which 
there are vacancies or empty spots ; as, ** A 
lossie braird ;*" ** The corn-Iatf is unco losste tlie 
year;*" Clydes. 

LossiKEss, s. The state of being lossie^ ibid. 
C.B. lloeS'i to eject, to throw out, Itoesawg, having 

a throwing out; Teut. los, loos, vacuus, inanis. 

* LOT, s. A certain quantity of grain, generally 
the twenty-fifth part, given to a thrasher as his 
wages, S.A. 

*' Where the allowance to the thrasher was either 
a proportion of the produce, known by the name of 
lot, generally a twenty-fifth part, or when he was 
paid in money, at so much per boll, the temptation 
to do work in a slovenly manner was so great, that 

L O V 


a quantity, perhaps double of what was required for 
aeed, was lost" Agr. Surv, Ro&b. p. 75. 
To LOTCH, V. n. To jog; applied to the auk- 
ward motion of one who rides ungracefully, 
South of S, ; Hotchy synon. 
Flandr. Ints-en is given by Kilian as of the same 
signification with loier^en, which he renders, vacil- 
lare, to wag from side to side. 
LOTCH, LoATcif, s. A corpulent and lazy per- 
son ; as, a muckle lotcJi, Lanarks. 
" Loatck, corpulent person." Ayrs. GL Surv. p. 692. 
This seems nearly allied to £. lout, '* a mean auk- 
ward fellow ; a bumpkin ; a clown ;* Johns. O.Teut. 
loeU, homo agrestis, insulsus, bardus, stolidus. Teiit 
hUs-en signifies to loiter. Su.G. heisker, tardus. 
LoTCH, o^^'. Lazy, Ayrs. 
LOTCH, *. A handful or considerable quantity 
of something in a semi-liquid state; as, " a lotck 
of tar,"* Ettr. For. 
LOUCHING, ©ar^.^r. Bowing down] Add; 
Isl. loek-a signifies demittere. Thus loeka halan is 
applied to a dog when hanging his tail. 
LOVE-BEGOT, s. An illegitimate child, S.A. 
" Down came this Malcolm, the love^begoi," &c. 
Antiquary. V. LouN, adj, sense 6. 
LOVE-DOTTEREL, s. That kind of love 
which old unmarried men and women are seized 
with. So. of S. ; from Dotter^ to become stupid. 
LOVE IT, LoviTE, LoviTT, a forensic term used 
■ in charters, dispositions, proclamations, &c. ex- 
pressive of the royal regard to the person or per- 
sons mentioned or addressed, S. 
It is properly the part pa,, signifying beloved ; 
but it is used as a 9, both in singular and plural. 

" To his Majesties Lm^itt m' Alexander Belsches 
of Toftis," &c. " To his hienes louUtis schir Alexr 
Leslie now of Balgonie kny^ — and dame Agnes 
Renton his spous/' &c. Acts Cha. I. Ed. 1814, V. 
532. 538. 

'' We — ^haue in fauouris of our Louittis the prouest 
and maisteris of Sanctandrois for ws and our sue- 
cessouris perpetuallie declarit/' &c. Acts Ja. VI. 
1578, Ed. 1814, p. 106. 

A.S. lufad, ge-lufad, dilectus. 
LOVENS, LovENENs, inter}. An exclamation 
expressive of surprise ; sometimes with eh pre- 
fixed, as. Eh lovenSy Roxb. 
LovEAKEKDiE, ifiterj. The same with the pre- 
ceding term, Galloway. 

^ LaveanefuUe/ an exclamation, O ! strange." Gall. 

Lovenentu is used in the same sense, Ettr. For. and 

It may perhaps be a relique of A.S. Leofne, Do- 
mine ; or allied to leof trend, gratus, acceptus, q. leqf' 
wend us, " make us accepted." In the latter form, it 
might seem to conjoin the ideas of life and death ; 
from A.S. leof-an vivere, and ende daeg, 'dies mortis. 

LOVERIN-IDDLES, inferj. Viewed as a sort 
of minced oath, similar to Losh! expressive of 
astonishment at any thing, Roxb. 
A.S. hlqford in hf/deU, q. Lord, have us in hiding! 


LOVERS-LINKS, s. pi. Stone-crop, Wall pen- 

nywort, Kidneywort, an herb, Sedum, Roxb. 
LOVE-TRYSTE, s. The meeting of lovers, 


" All things change that live or grow beside thee, 
from these breathing and smiling and joyous images 
of God running gladsome on thy banks to the decay- 
ing tree that has sheltered beneath its green boughs 
the love-trystes of many generations." Blackw. Mag. 
July 1820, p. 874. 
LOVITCH, adj. Corr. from E. lavish, Fife, 

LOUN, LowNE, LowEN, a^, % Sheltered.] Add; 

'^ See ye not the well-affected people seeking the 
lee and lotven-side of the house, and drawing to it 
with all their might?" M. Bruce's Lectures, p. 12. 

Hence the substantive used. West of £. '^ Lun, 
under cover or shelter. Under the lun or Utve of a 
hedge." Grose. Lewe is completely synon., being 
merely A.S. hleo, hleow, umbraculum, apricitaa; also, 
asylum, refugium; and corresponding to our Le,Lib^ 
q. V. Le and Lewe more nearly resemble the primi- 
tive word; while Laun and Lun are formed from the 
derivative ; as will more fully appear from the ety- 
mological part of this article. Give, as sense 

5. To be hwn,] Add; 

6. Used in relation to concealment, as when any 
report, or calumny, is hushed, S. ^^ Keep that 
lown^ be silent about that matter, do not di- 
vulge it to any one, Dumfr. 

" Sir Richard wi' the red hand, he had a fair oflR- 
spring o' his ain, and a' was hmnd and quiet till his 
head was laid in the ground. But then— down came 
this Malcolm, the love-begot, wi' a string o' lang^ 
legged Highlanders at his heels, that's aye ready for 
ony body's mischief, and he threeps the castle and 
lands are his ain as his mother's eldest son, and turns 
a' the Wardours out to the hilL" Antiquary, ii. 242. 

I have some hesitation, however, whether the word, 
as used in tliis sense, be not radically different. It 
has great appearance of affinity to Su.G. loen-a occuU 
tare, which. Hire informs us, anciently was written 
hlaun^a, synon. with laegga a hen, also signifying to 
conceal. This must be a very old word, as Ulphilas 
uses analaugn in the sense of hidden, and galaugn" 
jan to hide. 

7. Metaph. applied to tranquillity of state, habits, 
or mode of life. 

'' But do you think your brother will like Nether- 
place ? It will be oure Unon for him.' * The lowner 
the better for one who has led his life/' M. Lynd- 
say, p. 270. 
To Speak lowne, to speak with a low voice, as 

in a whisper, Galloway. 

I rede ye speak lowne, lest Kimmer should hear ye ; 

Come sain ye, come cross ye, an' Gude be near ye. 

Remains ofNilhdale Song, p. 60. 

*' Do not mention his name,' said the widow, press- 
ing his lips with her fingers, ' I see you have his 
secret and his password, and I'll be free with you. 
But — speak lound and low. — I trust ye seek him not 
to his hurt." Tales of my Landlord, iv. 278. 
LouN, LowN, s. 1, Tranquillity of the air, S, 
2. Tranquillity in a moral senses S* 



'' But the hwn of that time was as a het day in 
winter." R. Gilhaize, iii. 6S, 
S. A shelter ; as, ** the lozon o' the dike, S. 
LouNLiE, LowNLY, odv. 1. In E sheltered state, 
screened from the wind ; as, " Well stand braw 
and lownly ahint the wa\^ S. 
S. Under protection, used in a moral sense, S. 
His todlan wee anes, risan fair^ 

Heght ilka joy that's gude, 
Nurs't Umnly up aneath his care. 
On solid kintra food. 

Picken's Poems, 1788, p. 56. 
8. Softly, or with a low voice, S. 

'^ But scho skyrit to knuife lorvnhf or siccarlye on 
thilke sauchning." Hogg's Winter Tales, ii. 41. 

IX)UN, LowNE, &c. s. A rogue.] Add ; 

** Sundry honest mens houses in Aberdeen were 
robbed and spoilyied, and the people grievously op« 
pressed by l&rvns and limmers that came here at this 
time, and were hlythe to be quit of them," &c. Spal« 
ding's Troubles, i. 142. 
S. Used as equivalent to whore. 

I hae nae houses, I hae nae land, 

I hae nae gowd or fee^ Sir ; 
I am o'er low to be your bride. 
Your town I'll never be. Sir. 

Herd:s CoU. ii. 7- Then Add; 

The term loun^queyn, &c. as in Dict. 
LouNRiE, LowNEY, s. Villany.] Add ; 

*' Againe when thou art so fixt on the things of 
this world, yea even in thy lawful exercise (for in thy 
lownry thou cannot haue an eye to God) that thou 
cannot get a peece of thy hart to God, it may be 
that thou haue a camall and false joy ; but true joy 
and comfort hast thou not." Bollock on 2 Thes. 
p. 114. 

LOUN, LowN, 8, A boy, S.] Add; 
2. One in a low or menial station, an adherent to 

a superior. South of S. 

" I'll be his second,' said Simon of Hackbum, * and 
take up ony twa o* ye, gentle or semple, laird or loon, 
it's a' ane to Simon." Tales of my Landlord, i. 239. 

An O.E. writer gives an erroneous orthography. 

" Anoother and not the meanest matter was, ^eir 
armour among theim so little differing, and thair ap- 
parail so base and beggerly, wherein the Lurdein was 
in a maner all one with the Lorde, and the Lounde 
with the Larde: all dad a lyke in iackes coouerd with 
whyte leather, doublettes of the same or of fustian, 
and most commonly al white hosen." Patten's £x« 
pedicion D. of Somerset, p. 6Q. 

" A Larde with them (I take it) is as a Squyer 
wyth vs. A Lound is a name of reproch, as a villain, 
or suche lyke." Ibid. Marg. This relates to the £Eital 
battle of Pinkey. 

LOUND, ad;. Quiet, tranquil. V. Loun,Lown. 
LouNDE&iNG, LouNDERiN^ s, A drubbing or 

beating, S. 

— '' Her daughter had never seen Jock Porteous, 
alive or dead, since he had gi'en her a loundering wi' 
his cane, the niger that he was, for driving a dead cat 
at the provost's wig on the Elector of Hanover's 
birth-day." Heart M. Loth. ii. 148. 

" Weel, here we're met again, lads^ for some braw 


wark ;—mair chappin and hundrin', I houp, ere we 
gang down to the coast." Tennant's Card. Beaton, 
p. 153. 
LouNDiT, beaten.] Add; 

Isl. hloemm denotes a club, also a beating; but this 
would require a change of m into n. Fenn. fyon is 
rendered ferio, verbero, caedo. The consonant is 
changed, however, in the s, ; li/oma, verber, laesio. 
LouK-iLL, s. Pretended sickness^ or that to 
which servants or working people are occasion- 
ally subject, when seized with a fit of laziness^ 
S. V. LouN, *., a rogue. 
To Loup, V, n. 1. To leap.] Insert^ as sense 
S. To run, to move with celerity. 

" But it's just the laird's command, and the loan 
maun loup : and the never another law hae they but 
the length o' their dirks." Rob Boy, ii. 274. 

" It is said that the natives lap to arms, about 
20,000 men." Spalding, i. 331. 
It still bears this sense, S.B. 

This made my lad at length to loup. 

And take his heels. 
Forbes's Dominie Deposed, p. 27. Hence, 
Lano-louper, q. v., q. one -who Jlees the country. 

In most of the Northern languages, this is the pri- 
mary sense. Ihre gives currere as the most ancient 
sense of Su.G. hepa. It seems to be that also of 
Teut loop-en ; as well as of Alem. looph-en. Germ. 
lauff-efi, Isl. leip^a, Dan. Idh-er, to run. Su.G. lopp, 
cursus, loepare cursor. 
8. To burst open.] Add; 

Of any piece of dress that is too tight, if it burst, 
start open, or rend, it is said that it has luppin, SA. 

4. To give way ; appUed to frost, S, 

5. Applied to a sore when the skin breaks, or 
when this is the effect of swelling, S. 

In a sense nearly similar, it is said of one who has 
over-heated himself by violent exertion, his face is 
like to hup; i. e. it appears as if the blood would 
burst through the skin, S. 

6. To cover, S. Used in the same sense with 
Su.G. loep-a^ &c. 

7. To change masters, &c.] Then Add; 

8. To Loup about, to run hither and thither. 
— " James Grant — presently bends an hagbutt, 

and shoots him through both the thighs, and to the 
ground falls he ; his f Macgregor's^ men leaves the 
pursuit, and loups about to lift him up again ; but 
as they are at this work, the said James Grant, with 
the oUier two, loups frae the house and flees, leaving 
his wife behind him." Spalding's Troubles, i. 31. 

9. To Loup bacJc^ suddenly to refuse to stand to 
a bargain, Clydes. 

10. To Loup down^ suddenly to refuse to give so 
much for a commodity as was at first offered, ib» 

11. To Loup homCy to escape to one^s own coun- 
try ; apparently implying the idea of expedi* 
tion, q. to *' run home.'" 

'^ The king of Scotland said to thame, if they came 
againe in sick forme to perturb his coastis, that it 
might be they would not be so weill intertained, nor 
loup home so dry schod." Pitscottie's Cron. p. 245. 
Explained Ed. 1723> so as greatly to enfeeble the 
language,-—'^ nor escape so well in time coming." 

L D V 

L O tJ 

TheSw. phrase^ Han hppin i husei, *' he ran into 
the house/' nearly resembles this. 
IS. To Loup iuy to make -a sudden change from 

one side or party to another. 

*^ Seaforth — for/y^etting his great oath before God^ 
his duty towards his prince^ and this nobleman his 
majesty's general, he lap in to the other side." Spald-* 
mg, ii. 299. 
1& To Loup on^ to mount on horseback, S. 

*' The marquis— ira/if on in Aberdeen. He lap an 
-— aboiat COhoFse with him." Spalding, i. 107* 

The prep, is sometimes inverted. " At his onlouping 
the earl of Argyle— bad some private speeches with 
him." Ibid. ii. 9I. 

14. To Loup 00, v. a. To mount, or perhaps to 

'' ritcaple hup* an about 80 horse in jack and 

• Bpear, (hearing of Frendraught's being in the Bog),-^ 

aiid came to the marquis, who before his coming had 

discreetly directed Frendraught to confer with his 

lady." Spalding, i. 9. 

15. To Loup outi to run (or spring) out of doors. 

When gentle-women are convoy'd. 
He soon hups out to bear their train. 
Many*s Truth* s Travels, Pennecuik's Poenw, p. 104. 

16. To Loup up^ suddenly to demand more for a 
commodity than was at first asked, Clydes. 

17. To be like to Loup out d* one's sJcin^ a phrase 
used to express a transport of joy, S. 

There is a similar one in Su.G., with this differ- 
ence, that it seems far more feeble, the comparison 
^l^eing borrowed from creeping, Krypa ur skinnet, li- 
' terally, '' to creep out of the skin." Dicitur de iis, 
qui prae gaudio luxuriante sui quasi impotentes sunt ; 
"Ihre, vo. Krypa, 

■To Loup, v, a. To burst, to cause to snap. 

Our ladiedow do nought now but wipe aye her een. 

Her heart's like to hup the gowd lace o' her gown. 
Lament L, Maxwell, Jacobite Relics, ii. S5, 
X4OUP, s. A leap, a spring, S,] Add; 

^^ At the sound of these words, Winterton gave a 
hup, as if he had tramped on something no canny, 
syne a whirring sort of triumphant whistle, and then 
a shout, crying, ' Ha, ha ! tod lowrie ! hae I yirded 
ye at last?" R. Gilhaize, i. 159. 
Loup,^. A cataract] R. 1. A small cataract, which 

fishes attempt to leap over ; generally a sabnon- 

loupj West of S. 
2. A place where a river becomes so contracted 

that a person may leap over it, Lanarks. 

Thus there is a hup in Clyde about half a mile 
above the Stonebyres Lin. 

Loveb'^s LOUP, 1. The leap which a despairing 
lover is said to take, when he means to termi- 
nate his griefs at once, S. 
2. A designation given to several places in Scot- 
land; either from their appearance, or from 
some traditional legend concerning the fate of 

Yonder the lads and lasses groupe, 
To see the luckless Lover's hup, 

Maine's Siller Gun, p. 60. 
^' The name of the lover's hup, or leap, is fre« 
Vol. IL 81 

quently given to rocky precipices," N. Ibid. p. 134. 
LoupxKG, ^. The act df leaping, S. 

" Saltus, — huping." Despaut Gram. C. 8, b. 

This term was also used in O.E. *' Loupinge, at 
skyppinge. Saltus." Prompt. Parv. 
LouPEN-sTEEK, s. 1. Literally a broken etitch in 

a stocking, S. 
2. Metaph., any thing wrong. Hence. 
To Tak up a Loup£N-sT££K, to remedy an evil, 


— '^ I hae nothing to say, but to help to tak up the 
hupen^sieek in your stocking wi' as much brevity as 
is consistent wi' perspicuity." The Entail, iii. 27. 
LoupiN-iLL, LoupiNG-iLL, s. A discasc of sheep^ 

which causes them to spring up and down when 

moving forward ; by some, supposed to proceed 

from a stoppage in the circulation, by others, 

ascribed to some defect in the head, Teviotd. 

*' There is a considerable loss of lambs by what is 
called the huping ill, which is an affection of a paraly* 
tic nature, sometimes lingering, sometimes so speedy, 
that they are often dead before the disease is suspect- 
ed." Prise Ess. Highl. Soc. Scot. iii. 352. 

" Though he helped Lambride's cow weel out of 
the moor-ill, yet- the huping^ilCs been sairer amang 
his sheep than ony season before." Tales Landl. i.200. 


** He-»sallied forth from the Golden Candlestick, 
followed by the puritanical figure we' have describ- 
ed, after he had, at the expense of some time and 
difficulty, and by the assistance of a huping^on'Siane, 
or structure of masonry erected for the traveller's 
convenience, in front of the house, elevated his per- 
son to the back of a long-backed, raw-boned, thin- 
gutted phantom of a broken-down blood-horse, on 
which Waverley's portmanteau was deposited." Wa- 
verley, ii, 113. 

" On each side of the door stood benches of stone, 
which — served as huping-on'Stanes." Blackw. Mag, 
Nov. 1820, p. 149. 
Loup-THE-BULLocKs, s. The game in E. called 

Leap^Frogj Galloway. 

" Loup'the-'Bulhcks.^-^Young men go out to a 
green meadow, and,<— on all fours, plant themselves 
'in a row about two. yards distant from each other. 
Then he who is stationed farthest back in the bullock 
rank starts up, and leaps over the other bullocks before 
him, by laying his hands on each of their backs; ami, 
when he gets over the last, leans himself down as be- 
fore, whilst all the others, in rotation, follow his exam- 
ple; then he startsand leaps again," &c. Gall. Encycl. 
Loup-TH£-D YK£, odf. Giddy, unsettled, runaway, 


" I'll — make you sensible that I can bring mysell 
round with a wet finger, now I have my finger and 
my thumb on this hup^ihe-dyke loon, the lad Fair- 
ford." Redgauntlet, iii. 295. 

" She jealouses that your affections are set on a 
hup-the-difke Jenny Cameron like Nell Friael." The 
Entail, ii. 276. 
Loup-THE-TETHER, odf. Breaking loose from 

restraint, rambling ^ nearly synon. with Land* 

louping^ South of & 

" IhinK of his having left my cause in the dead- 




thraw> and capering off* into Cumberland here, after 
a wild loup-the-tether lad they ca' Darsie Latimer." 
Redgauntlet, ill. 307. 
LOUPEGARTHIE, s. The gantlop or gantlet. 

" Other slight punishments we enjoyne for slight 
faults, put in execution by their comerades ; as the 
Loupegarthe, when a souldier is stripped naked above 
the waste, and is made to runne a furlong betwixt 
two hundred souldiers, ranged alike opposite to 
others, leaving a space in the midst for the souldier 
to runne through, where his comerades whip him 
with small rods, ordained and cut for the purpose 
by the Gavilleger ; and all to keepe good order and 
discipline." Monro's Exped. P. I. p. 45. 

Apparently from Su.G. loep-a currere, and gaard 
sepimentum ; q. to run through the hedge made by 
the soldiers. The Sw. name for this punishment 
is Gatttlopp, which Ihre derives from terms of the 
same signification. For in explaining Gata platea, 
he gives this as one sense : Notat ordinem hominum 
duplicatum, qui relicto in medio spatio sepis in mo- 
dum consistunt Gallic^ haye. Est hinc quod gatu^ 
lopp dicamus, ubi ad verbera damnati per similem 
sepem viventem et virgis armatam cursitant. 

At the Loup-hunts, is a phrase used in Aberdeen- 
shire, intimating that one goes out as if a-hunting^ 
but in fact on some idle errand. 
LOUR, 8, 

— A japer, a juglour ; 

A lase that lufis bot for lour,^-^ 

Colkelbie Sow, F. i. v. 81. 

'' A lass who pretends love merely as a lure," 

LOURD, cuy. Dull, lumpish ; Fr. id. 

" The first viall is powred on the earth. — It must 
be taken, as the order of arising degrees in compa- 
rison requireth, for the firste and lightest degree of 
judgment, as the earth is the lowest and lourdest of 
elements." Forbes on the Revelation, p. 150. 
2. Gross, stupid, sottish ; applied to the mind. 

" If I had but put these wordes for all (seeing out* 
ward ordination serveth hut for ouiwarde order J, they 
might, with any honest hearted reader, have freed 
me from all suspicion of so hmrd an absurditie." 
Forbes, To a Recusant, p. 22. 

" Well ! this is his least, al-be-it even a lourd error." 
Forbes's Eubulus, p. 23. 

Isl. lur ignavia ; lur-a ignavus haerere ; Haldorson. 
LouRDLY, adv. Stupidly, sottishly. 

'^ Howsoever both he and the Easteme churches 
with him might have fallen so lourdly, yet would all 
the Westerne churches and the Bishoppes of Rome 
-—have not only beene silent at so sacrilegious a de- 
rogation of the faith ; but also have keeped still com- 
munion with Nectarius and the Easterne churches." 
Forbes, Discoverie of Pervers Deceit, p. 9- 
To LOURE, V, n. To lurk.] Add; 

The term seems to be still used in this sense^ Fife^ 
as in A. Douglases Poems, p. 141. 

Kate had been hinniaist ay before^ 
An' in her bed lang lourin. 

LOURSHOUTHER'D,ad/. Round-shoulder- 
ed, Ettr. For. 

Fr. hurd, " lowtish, clownish," Cotgr. IsK lur, 


ignavia ; lur-a, ignavus haerere ; luri, homo torvus 

et deformis ; hirg-r, tergum bruti hirsuti. 

To LOUSE, LowsE, v» a. 1. To unbind, S. ; the 

same with E. hose^ in its various senses. 
2. To free from incumbrance in consequence of 

pecuniary obligation ; a forensic term. 

'* The said William sail half of his fader alssmekle 
land & annuell rent in life rent as he had of before 
of him, or Qbefore^ the landis war lowsU quhilkisare 
now lowsit, of the quhilkis landis the said William 
wes in liferent before the hrosing** Act. Dom. Cone. 
A. 1494, p. 361. 
8. To take out of the hold of a ship ; the reverse 

o( stow^ and synon. with S. liver, 

" The king's ships are daily taking our Scottish 
ships, to the number of 80 small and great; they are 
had to Berwick, Newcastle, Holy Island, and such 
like ports, their goods loosed, and inventaried and 
closely kept" Spalding, i. 229. Here the ortho- 
graphy is improper. 

4. To release ; as, to louse apawuy to redeem a 
pledge, S. 

I do not know that any one of these significations 
is found in £L They are, at any rate, overlooked by 

5. To pay for ; as, " 6ie me siller to louse my 
coals at the hill," Fife^ Loth. 

" As for the letters at the post-mistress's — they 
may bide in her shop-window — ^till Beltane, or I loose 
them." St. Ronan, i. 34. Here it is rather impro- 
perly printed after the E. orthography. 

This use of the term is apparently borrowed from 
that denoting the redemption of a pledge or captive. 
Su.G. loes-a, pecunia redimere. Loesa sin pant, 
pignus data pecunia recipere, quod jurisconsulti Ro- 
manorum ^xnerMnX, pignus luere ; Ihre. Teut. loss-en 
liberare ; lossen den pand, luere pignus ; los-gheM, 

LowsE LEATHER. 1. A phrase used to denote the 
skin that hangs loose about the chops or else- 
where, when one has fallen off in flesh ; as ** He^s 
a hantle hwse leather about his chafts," S. 
Su.G. loes notat id quod moUe et flaccidum est, 
opponiturque firmo et duro.-<— Loe^^ hull, corpus flac- 

2. Tran sferred to those who set no guard on theirtalk* 
" You have o'er miekle lose \r, hose or lowse'^ 
leather about your lips ;" S. Pro v. ; " spoken to them 
that say the thing that they should not.'* Kelly, p. S3. 
LowsE siLLEA, change, as distinguished from 
guineas or bank-notes, S. 

Sw, loespengar, change, small money. Har du nagot 
loesthosdig; Have you any change about you? Wideg, 
To LOUSE, V, n. To give over work of any 

kind, S. 
To Louse, Lowse, Vi n, A cow is said to be 
loxvsing^ when her udder be^ns to exhibit the 
first appearance of having milk in it, Ayrs. 
To LOUTCH (pron. lootch), r^, n. 1. To bow^ 
down the head, and make the shoulders pro* 
minent, Fife. 
S. To have a suspicious appearance, like that of 
one who is accounted a blackguard, ibid^ 



S. To gang hutching about, to go about in a loi- 
tering way, ibid. 

Either from old Belg. loete homo agrestis^ insulsus^ 
fiordidus; or a deriv. from the cognate v. to Lout, q. v. 
LOUTHE, s, AbuTidance, Nithsdale. 

*' r the very first pow I gat sic a huthe o' fish that 
I -carried till my back cracked again." Remains of 
Nithsdale Song^ p. 286. 

Allied perhaps to Isl. Idd (pron. hud), proventus 
annuus terrae^ ut pote gramen^ &c. Haldorson ; usus- 
fiructus territorii, fructus quern tellus fert annuus^ 
cum omni usufructa ; G. Andr. 
To LOUTHER, v. n. 2. To walk with diffi. 

culty, &C.1 jtdd; 

This term is used in Fife^ and expl. as signifying 
^' to move in an aukward and hobbling manner^ ap« 
parently in haste, but making little progress." 

Isl. ixdurmanlega, impotenter ; and Uedurmenska, 
defectus fortitudinis ; Haldorson. 
LouTHEKiNG, joar^. ad), A louthering hizzie, or 

/hUow^ one who does any thing in a lazy and 

aukward manner, Fife. 
LOUTHER, s. A good for nothing person. 
Their claes maist leisurely they cast 

About their shouthers ; 
The master calls, Mak' haste, mak' haste. 

Ye lazy kmthert. The Har^st Rig, st 1 1 7- 

Teut. ladder, scurra ; nebulo ; Isl. loedurmenni, ho« 
muncio vilis, from hedr spumk ; loddare, impurus et 
invisae notae tenebrio, G. Andr. ; loddari, nequam, 
tenebrio. Probally allied to Lout her, v, 


Having shoulders bending forward, S. 
2. Metaph. applied to a buildintg, one side of which 
is not perpendicular. 

"** It has been a sore heart to the worthy people of 
Port- Glasgow to think it is a received opinion,—- 
that their beautiful steeple is loui^hotddered, when, 
in fact, it is only the town-house that is lap-sided." 
The Steam-Boat, p- 119- 

LOUVER, *. The lure of a hawk ; Fr. leurre. 
»-Out of Canaan they have chac't them clean. 
Like to a cast of falcons that pursue 
A -flight of pigeons through the welkin blew ; 
Stocking at this and that, that to their louver, 
(To save their lives) they hardly can recover. 
Z. Boy^s Garden of Zion, p. 26. 
To LOW, V. a. To niggle about a price, Loth. 
To LOW, V. n. To stop, to stand still ; used in 
a negative sense; as, ^^ He never laws frae morn- 
ing till niglit,^ Dumfr^ 

This seems equivalent to the vulgar pbrase, '^ bend* 
ing a hough," S. 

Su.G. log, humilis. I &d the v. only in Teut. leegh^ 
en, submittere, demittere ; and in 0.£. low to sink. 
** Lofvyn, or make lowe & meke. Humilio." Prompt. 

To LOW, V. n. To bum, &c.] Add; 
& Used to express the parching effect of great 

thirst, S. 
Wi' the cauld stream she quencht her lon>an drowth, 
Syne o' the eaten berrys eat a fouth. 
That black an' rype upo' the bushes gr^w. 
An' were now water'd wi' the evening dew. 

Boss's Helenore, First Edit p. 58. 

Add to etym. ; Dan. lue, to flame; Isl. logandi ardens. 
Low, Lowe, s. 1. Flame, blaze, S.] Add; 

This term occurs in a S. Prov. often used by eco* 
nomical housewives. 

There's little wisdom in his pow, 
Wha lights a candle at the lofv. 

Maifne's Siller Gun, p. 75. 
More commonly; "There is littlen^tV in//jepow,"&c. 

O.E. lowe. " heme or lowe. Flamma." Prompt. 
Parv. "Low^ngg or lemynge of fire. Flammacio." lb. 

This word evidently enters into the formation of 
A.Bor. Lilly-low, " a Bellibleiz, a comfortable blaze;" 
Ray's Coll. p. 47. The origin of lilly is not so ob^ 
vious. But it is most probably q. Ugly, from A.S. 
lig flamma, in pi. fulgur, lightnings ; and lie similis. 
Liglic would thus be, flammae, vel fulgurl, similis. 
This etymon indeed makes the term redundant. But 
this is very common in composite terms. 

Laye, East and South of £., seems the relique of 
A.S. lig, Ray expl. it ; '^ as Lowe in the North, the 
flame of fire." Ibid. p. 104. 
To LOWDEN. 2. To speak little, &c.] Add; 

I am now satisfied that this word, though synon. 
with Loun, is radically diflerent ; as Isl. hUodn-a sig« 
nifies tristari, demittere vocem ; and kliod^r is taci- 
tumus ; Haldorson. Tola i hUddi, submisse loqui, 
ibid. It is singular that this should be an oblique 
use of hlidd, sound. 
LOWDER, LouTHES-TREE, 8. A handspoke, 

&cj Add; 

In Stirlingshire looikrick, as it is pronounced, and 
lowder in Moray, signify a wooden lever. It is, be- 
yond a doubt, originally the same word. 

In the old GrottO'Saungr, or Qtiem-Sang of the 
Northern nations, luthr signifles a hand-miln. Thaer 
at luthri leiddar vara; " They were led to the quern." 
In genitive it is luthur; as in the next stanza. 

This is also written Lewder, q. v. 

2. This, pron. lewder^ or lyowder, is used to de- 
note any long, stout, rough stick, Aberd. 

3. A stroke or blow, Buchan. 

LOWIE, 8. A drone, a large, soft, lazy person, 
Roxb. ; evidently from the same ongin with 
Z%, q. V. 
LowiE-LEBBiE, 4. One that hangs on about 

kitchens, ibid. 
LowViKG, part. adj. Idlings lounging, ibid. 
LOWINS, 8. pi. Liquor, auer it has once passed 
through the still, Fife ; either a oorr. of the E. 
phrase low wines ; or, as has been supposed, 
because of the lowe or flame which the spirit 
emits, in this state, when a little of it is cast 
into the fire. 

Twa pints of weel-boilt solid sowins,— 
Syn't down wi' whey, or whisky lowins. 

Before he'd want. 
Wad scarce hae ser't the wretch.— 

A. Wilson's Poems 1790, p. 91. 
LOWIS, 8. The island of Lewis. V. Lews. 

" Item, xxj elnis of blak velvott of Ijowkis." In- 
ventories, A. 1 542, p. ] 02. 

This seems to be meant of Lucca, the capital of 
the small republic of the same name in Italy; Fr. 
Lucques. The republic is denominated Lucquois. It 



18' celebrated for the great quantity of stuffs of silk, 
which are made by its inhabitants. V. Diet. Trev. 

LOW-LIFED, adf. Mean, having low propen- 
sities or habits, S. 
LOWRIE,Lawrie,*. 2. a crafty person.] Add; 
The legend of a Ijrmmeris lyfe 
Our Metropolitane of FyfTe ;— 
Ane lewrand larvrie licherous ; 
Ane fals, forloppen, fenyeit freir, &c. 
Legend B. Si. Androis, Poems 1 6th Cent. p. SOQ. 
LowRiE-LiKE, adj. Having the crafty downcast 

look of a fox, Clydes. 
LOWTTIE, adf. Heavy and inactive ; as, ** a 
larcttie fallow,*^ Fife. 

E. lorvt^ O.Teut. loete, homo insulsus, stolidus. 
LOZEN, s. A pane of glass, S.] Add; 
— Spider webs, in dozens, 
Hing mirk athort the winnock neuk8> 
Maist darkening up the lozens. 

A. Wilson's Poems 1816, p. 88. 
LUB, 84 Any thing heavy and unwieldy, Dumfr. 

C.B. llob, an unwieldy lump. 
LUBBERTIE, adj. Lazy, sluggish, Loth.; 
Lubberly, E. 

Junius derives E. lubber firom Dan. tubbed, fat, 
gross. (The word, however, is Ittbben.) Haldorson 
gives the E. term as synon. with IsL lubbi, which 
primarily signifies hirsutus, shaggy like a dog ; and 
in a secondary sense, servus ignavus. 

LUBIS^ LuBYEs, LusBis, adf. Of or belonging 

to LiAec, 

*! Ane thousand luhtfes stok fish is ane last. Item, 
Twentie four hering barellis full of com is ane last, 
and auchtene bollis in Danskene" Balfour's Fract. 
Custumes, p. 88. 

Stock fish caught in the gulf of Xu^ec, which forma 
part of the Baltic. 

** xij Lubbis sh." Shillings of Lubec; Aberd. Reg. 
Cent. 16. " XX merkis Lubis." Ibid. 
LUCE, s. Scurf, Ettr. For.; the same with Luss. 
Generally used in relation to the head; but, accord- 
ing to M'Taggart, applied differently in Galloway. 

'' Luce, a blue matter which is scraped off* the face 
in shaving ;" Gall. Encycl. 
LUCE, s. Brightness, Ettr. For. 

This is undoubtedly allied to Fr. lueux, lueux, bright, 
shining. But perhaps it ought to be traced to Isl. 
lios, Su.G. Uus, lux, lumen, of which A.S. lias, flam- 
mae, is evidently a cognate. 

LUCHKT AEH, s. The name given to the body- 
guard of a chief in the Hebudae. 
*' There was a competent number of yoimg gen- 
tlemen call'd Luchkiaeh, or Guard de corps, who al- 
ways attended the chieftain at home and abroad. 
They were well train'd in managing the sword and 
target, in wrestling, swimming, jumping, dancing, 
shooting with bows and arrows, and were stout sea- 
men." Martin's West. Isl. p. 103. 

The Gael, exhibits several terms which seem al- 
lied ; luchd, folks, people, equivalent to Fr. gens ; 
luchairt, retinue ; luchdr-coimkaidachd, id., servants in 
waiting. Of the latter luchkiaeh seems a corruption. 
Especially as there are several quiescent letters in 
luchd- coimliaidachd, in pronunciation it would seem 


to the ear of a stranger q. hichkatach. It may be 
observed, that luchd is obviously from the same foun- 
tain with Isl. Hod, lid, lyd, populus, comitatus, mili- 
tes ; whence most probably Su.G. lyd-a to obey, fyd-* 
achtig obedient, in a state of subjection. V. Leid, s* 

LUCHT, LuGHT, s. A lock of hair, Ettr. For. 

'' Hout fie ! Wha ever saw young chields hae sic 
luchts o' yellow hair hinging fleeing in the wind ?'" 
Perils of Man, iii. 204. 

Su.G. lugg villus, floccus quicunque; crines sin- 
LUCHTER, s. " An handful of corn in the 

straw;'' Gall. Encycl.; merely a variety of Lach^ 

ter or Lochter. 
LUCK, s. Upon luck's head^ on chance, in a way 

of peradventure. 

'^ Therefore upon luck's head, (as we use to say) 
take your fill of his love." Ruth. Lett. P. II. ep. 28. 

To LUCK, V. 71. To have good or bad fortune, 

S.] Add; 

The V. occurs in an active sense in O.E. " I lucke 
one, I make hym luckye or happye. — He is a happy 
person, for he lucketh euery place he cometh in ;— 
II heure toutes les places ou il se treuue." Palsgr. 
B. iii. F. 285, b. 

LUCKEN, ^ar^. j7a. 1, Closed, shut up, con- 
tracted.] Add; 

Nelly's gawsy, saft, and gay. 
Fresh as the lucken flowers in May. 

Tibhy Fowler, Herd's Coll. ii. 104. 

The term is retained in Yorks. '' Lucken^hrofo'd, 
is hanging knit brows." Clav. Dial. Insert, as sense 
g. Webbed, &. 

The teal, insensate to her hapless fate. 
At setting sun, amidst the loosen'd ice 
Her station takes. The lapper'd ice, eremorn> 
Cementing firm, frae shore to shore involves 
Her lucken feet, fast frozen in the flood. 

Davidson's Seasons, p. 156. 

In Judg. iii. 15. we read of ^' a man left-handed/^ 
In Heb. it is,. " shut of his right hand." 
Lucke N-GOWAN> the globe flower.] Add ; 

The blossom of the globe-flower or lucken^gowan 
expands only in bright sunshine. In dull or cloudy 
weather, it remains closed, and forms a complete 

This might seem to receive its name from Teut. 
luyck^en claudere, to shut up, q. to lock ; in the same 
manner as the Wood Anemone, A. nemorosa, is in 
some parts of Sweden called Hwitlockor, and in odicrs 
Luck, because it shuts its flower during rain. Flos 
sub pluviacaute clauditur; Linn. Flor. Suec. No. 485. 
To Lucken, v. a. 1. To lock.] Add; 
8«r To gather up in foIds> to pucker ; iq^plied to 


** Haddo prepared himself nobly for death, and 
caused make a syde hoUand cloth sark, luckned at the 
head, for his winding-sheet." Spalding, iL 218. 

" Luckned, galhered, applied to garment{[s3." GL 
To Lucken, v. n. To adhere, to grow closely 

together. A cabbage is said to lucken, when 

it grows firm in the heart, Ettr. For. 
LucKENj $. A bogj Ettr, For. 

L U F 


LucEEN, s, *^ An unsplit haddock half diy ;^ 

Gl. Surv. Moray. Luck&f^haddocky id. Aberd. 

It seems to be called lucken, as opposed to those 
that are split. or opened up. 
LncxBN-BROW^D, adf. Having the eye-brows close 

on each other, Loth., Yorks., id. 

It is reckoned. a good omen^ if one meet a person 
of this appearance as the jfirst foot, or first in the 
LUCKY, adj, f. Bulky, S.] Add ; 

2. Full, extending the due length, S. 

^^ The sun has been set a hicky hour, and ye may 
as weel get the supper ready/' R. Gilhaize, ii. 815. 

3. Superabundant. Lucky measure^ that which 
exceeds what can legally be demanded, S. 

LUCKY-PROACH, s. The Falherlasher, a 

fish. Frith of Forth. 

" Cottus scorpius. Fatherlasher, or Lasher Bull- 
head ; Luchf'proach" Neill's List of Fishes, p. 9* 
LncKi£''s-MUTCH, 8. Monlcshood, an herb. Acq- 

nitum Napellus, Linn. ; Lanarks. 

Evidently denominated from the form of the flower, 
whence it has also received its E.^ and also its Swe- 
dish name. For it is denominated Slormhatt ; Linn. 
Flor. Suec. No. 4>77- 
LUCKRAS, 8, " A cross-grained, cankered 

^dewife ;" Gall. Encycl. 

The term is also used in the same sense in Perths< ; 
and is understood to be a contemptuous change of 
the word Luckie, as applied to a woman. C.B. luch^ 
vryt and luckrvrex denote ardent heat^ violent passion. 

To LUCRIFIE, V. a. To get in the way of gain, 

to gain. 

'^ Peter — exhorting the wyues to be obedient to 
their husbands, say es. They /ticrt/£e soules vnto Christ, 
by their lyues without any speach. A woman will 
wiime soules by her life, albeit she speake not one 
word." Bollock on 2 Thes. p. 144. 

From Lat. lucrifi-eri, understood in an active sense. 
LUDIBRIE, 8» Derision, object of mockery ; 

Lat. litdibrP'Um. 

" By Popish artifice, tricks and treasure^-the most 
renowned court in the world is made the ludibrie and 
laughing-stock of the earth." M'Ward's Contend- 
ings, p. 346. 
To LUE, V. a. To love, S. 

Auld Rob Morris is the man ye maim lue. 
Auld Rob Morris is the man I'll ne'er lue. 

Herd's Coil, ii. 12. V. Lup, v. 
LUELY, ctdv. Softly, Perths. ; most probably 

from the same origin with L(M/y q. v. 
LUELY, s. A fray, Strathmore. 
LUFE, Luir, &c. The palm.j ^dd to etymon; 

C.B. liovii to handle, to reach with the hand, is un- 
doubtedly allied. Owen writes not only llarv, but 
Ihfvv, as signifying the hand ; the palm of the hand ; 
pi. Uovau, 

LuFFiE, 8, 1. A stroke, &c.] Jdd; 
S.. A sharp reproof, or expression of displeasure 

in one way or another, S. 

" I'm playing the truant o'er lang ; and if Mr. 
Vellum didna think I was on some business of Lord 
Sandyford's, I wouldna be surprised if he gied me a 
loqfy when I gaed hame." Sir A. Wylie, ii. S60. 


LUFRENT, *. AiFection, love. 

" The said gudis war frelie geivin and deliuerit by 
him to his said dothir for dothirlie kindness and liifs" 
rent he had to hir," &c. Aberd. Reg. A. 1543. 

Perhaps from A.S. leof dilectus, and raeden, law, 
state, or condition; corr. to rent, as in Manrenl, 
Rent, however, in Norm. Sax. signifies cursus, also 
redditus. V. Dothirlie. 
LuFsoME, LusoM, adj. Lovely, S.] Add; 
Behald my halse lufoum, and lilie quhyte. 

Ckalm. Lyndsay, i, 375. 
LUG, 8. 1. The ear, S.] Add; 

Ben Jonson uses it in his Staple of Nerves, p. 6d* 
Your eares are in my pocket, knave, goe shake 

The little while you have them. 

A fine round head, when those two lugs are off. 

To trundle through a pillory. Insert, as sense 

2. The short handle of any vessel when it projects 

from the side ; as, " the ln^s of a bicker, — of 

a boyn,** &c. The " lugs oi a pat^ are the little 

projections in a pot, resembling staples, into 

which the houl or handle is hooked, S. 

^' Ansa^ the lug of any vessel ;" Despaut* Gram. 

B. iv. a. 

6. To Hingy or Hang hy the Lug of any thing, 
to keep a firm hold of it, as a bull-dog does of 
his prey; metaph. to adhere firmly to one^s pur- 
pose, or steadily to observe one course, S. 

*' Since the cause is put in his hand, ye have ay 
good reason to Jdng by the lug ^it." Mich. Bruce's 
Lectures, &c. p. 54. 

7. He has a Flea in his L%igy a proverbial phrase 
equivalent to that, ^' There'^sa bee in his bannet- 
lug,^ i. e. he is a restless, giddy fellow, Loth. 

8. To lay one^s Lugs in, or amangy to take co- 

Eiously of any meat or drink, S. ; a low phrase, 
orrowed perhaps from an animal, that dips or 

besmears its ears, from eagerness for the food 

contained in any vessel. 
To Lug, v. a. To cut off one's ears, Aberd. 
LuG-BAB, s, A ribbon-knot, or tassel at the ban* 

net*lugy Fife. V. Bab, *. 
LuGGiT or LowGiT DiscH, a wooden bowl or ves-i 

sel, made of small staves, with upright handles; 

q. an eared dish. 

" The air shall haue — ^ane beif plait, ane htggit 
disch," &c. Balfour's Practicks, p. Q85. 

" Item, ane li^git dische without ane cover." In- 
ventories, A. 1542, p. 72. 

Here the terra is used in reference to silver work. 

*' vj lorvgii dischis of pewtyr, vj chandlerris, ane 
quart of tjne, tua gardinaris^ vj gobiilattis of tyne, 
iiij plaittis, iij compter futtis, ane sauser, v trun* 
chouris of tyne, ane keist [^diest^." Aberd. Reg. A. 
1535, V. 15, p. 674. 

This denomination seems to fix lug, the ear, as ex- 
clusively the origin of S. Lu^gie, q. v. 
Lug-knot, s. A knot of ribbons attached to the 

ear or front of a female^'s dress; Bynon. Lug-ieA. 
And our bride's maidens were na feu, 
Wi' top-knots, lug-knots, a" in bleu. 

Muirland Willie, Herd's Coll. ii. 76. 
Luo-LAGH£T9 8. A box oD the ear, Aberd. 

L i; M 

LuG^MARK, s. A mark cut In the ear b(a sheep, 

that it may be known, S. 

*' They receive the artificial marks to distinguish 
to whom they belong ; which are, the farmer's initial 
stamped upon their nose with a hot iron, — and also 
marks into the ear with a knife, designed lug-mark." 
Agr. Surv. Peeb. p. ipl- V. Birn^ Birne. 
To LuG-MARK, v,a, 1. To make a slit or notch in 

the ear of a sheep ; as, " a hig-markit ewe,*" S. 

When the wearing of patches Came first in fashion^ 
an old Angus laird, who was making a visit to a 
neighbour baronet, on observing that one of the 
young ladies had both earrings and patches, cried 
out in apparent surprise, in obvious allusion to the 
means employed by store-farmers for preserving 
their sheep ; " Wow, wow ! Mrs. Janet, your father's 
been michtilie fleyd for tyning you, that he's baith 
big-markit ye and tar-mar kit ye." 
2. To punish by cropping the ears, S. 

'' We have — the fury of the open enemy to abide, 
who are employing all their might, — in imprisoning, 
stigmatising, lugg-marking, banishing, and killing." 
Society Contendings, p. 181. 
Lug-sky, s. The same with Ear-sky^ Orkn. V. 

Sky, 8. 1. 
LUGGENIS, 9. pi Lodgings; Aberd. Eeg. 

Cent. 16. 
LUGGIE, 8. " The homed owl \^ Gall. Enc. ; 

evidently denominated from its k>ng ears. 

'^ Its horns or ears are about an inch long, and coYi- 
^st of six feathers variegated with yellow and black." 
Penn. Zool. i. 155, 156. 
LUGGIE, adj, 1. Applied to corn which grow« 

mostly to the straw, S.B. 

2. Heavy, sluggish, S. 
LUGHT, s. A lock. V. Lucht. 
LUGINAR, 8. One who lets lodgings. 

'' That all prowest & balyeis within ony burghe 
or tovne — aviss with thar luginaris Sc hostillaris with- 
in thar bondis anent the lugin, the honesty tharof, 
8c the price that sail be pait tharfor." Acts Ja. IV. 
1503, Ed. 1814, p. S4d. 

LUGIS. Inventories, p. 366, V. Hingare. 

LUIFE, 8. Luife and lie^ a sea-phrase used me« 

— This hes drowned hole dioceis, ye sie. 
Wanting the grace, when he shuldgydethe ruther. 
He lattis his sckcip tak in at luife and lie. 

l^eg, Bp. Si. Andrmsy Pref. p. 307* 
As ruther means rudder, scheip is certainly an 

errcU. for schip, ship. This is said to tak in, or 

leak, both on the windward and on the lee side, 

both when the mariners luff, and when they keep 

to the lee. 

LUIG, 8. A hovel, Strathmore. Belg. &g^, a 
mean hovel. V. Luggie, and Logs. 

LUM, LuMB, 8. 1. A chimney, S.] Add; 

3. The whole of the building appro]:Niated for one 
or more chimneys, the stalk, S. 

^' David Broune did point the low*-gallery totally 
on the backsyde and fVom the yeate to the iunmi only 
on the foresyde." Lamont's Diary, p. 174. 

C.B. Uumon a chimney ; w,hich Owen deduces from 
Uum, that which shoots up, or ends in a point. 


L U N 

LuM-PiG, 8. A can for the top of a chimtiey, S.O* 
The doors did ring — lum-pigs down tumFd, 
The strawns gush'd big — ^the synksloudrumrd« 
TannahilTs Poems, p. 126. V. Pio, 
LUMBART^ 8. Apparently, the skirt of a coat. 

" Item, the body and lumbariit of ane jomay of 
velvott of the coUour of seiche skin." Inventories, 
A. 1542, p. 99. 

Fr. lumbaire, of or belonging to the flank or loin ; 
Lat. lumba. 
LUMMING, adf. A term applied to the weather 

when there is a thick rain, Galloway. 

'' The weather is said to be lumming when raining 
thick ; a lum o' a day, a very wet day ; the rain is just 
coming lumming down, when it rains fast." Gall. Enc. 

I have met with no Cognate term. V. Loomy. 
LUMPER, 8. The name given to one who fur- 
nishes ballast for ships, Greenock ; apparently 

from its being put on board by the lump. 
LUNGIE, 8. The Guillemot. 

*' I was a bauld craigsman — -^nce in my life, and 
mony a kittie wake's and lungie's nest hae I harried 
up amang thae very black rocks." Antiquary, 
i. I6l, 162. V. LoNGifi. 
LUNYIE, 8, (pron. as if lung^ie.) A wallet. 

'' Here's to the pauky loun, that gaes abroad with 
a tume pock, and comes hame with a fow lunyie." 
V. Humphry Clinker. 
LuNYiE-JoiNT, 8. Thejoifit of the loin or hip» 

LuNYiE-sHOT, ad^ Having the hip-bone dis« 

jointed, S. 

*' LunieshoU — ^the loin bone gone out of its socket." 
Gall. Encycl. 
LUNKEHOLE, *. A hole in a stone wall for 

the conveniency of shepherds, Ayrs. 

Perhaps for the purpose of taking a peep at their 
flocks. Teut. lonck^en, limis obtueri. 
LUNEIE, 8. An aperture in a dyke, Ettr. For.; 

synon. Cundie. Evidently the same with the 

preceding word. 
LUNKIE, ac^'. Close and sultry, denoting the 

oppressive state of the atmo^here before rain 

or thunder, Stirlings. 
LuKKiENEss, 8. The state of the atmosphere as 

above described, ibid. 

Dan. lunken lukewarm, iunk-er to make luke« 
warm i IsL iunkcdeg-r calidus, blandus ; Su.G. Uum 
tepid us. The radical word is Su.G. lu, id. 
LUNKIT, adj. Lukewarm.] Add; 

LunkU s&wens, sowens beginning to thicken in 
boiling. Loth. 

LUNNER, 8. A smart stroke, Dumfr. 
Yet, hopes that routh o' goud he'd find 
O'er's love did come a lunner 
Right fell that day. 

Davidson's Seasons, p. 18. 

This is evidently a provinciality fait Launder. 
LUNT, 8. 1. As in £. a match.] Insert, as sense 
2. A torch. 

'' The said Captane passed furth with his men ot 
warre, as though they went to see some men that 
was going upon the croftis with UmUis*' Bannat^e'i 
Journal, p. 132. 

L U R 

L U T 

8. A piece of peat, or purl (hardened horse or cow 
dung), or rag, used for lighting a fire, Loth. 

4. The flame of a smothered fire which suddenly 
bursts into a blaze, Teviotd. 

To LcTNT, i^. n. 1. To emit smoke in columns, 

S.] Add; 
I To 

2. To blaze, to flame vehemently, South of S. 

" If they bum the Custom- House^ it will catch 
here^ and will lunt like a tar barrel 'a' thegether." 
Guy Mannering, iii. 173. 

To Lunt arvaj often used in the same sense ; ge- 
nerally applied to the smoking of tobacco ; as, 
•* She's luntin awa wi* her pipe,'' S. 
To Lunt, v, a. To emit smoke in puffs, S. 
The luckies their tobacco lunted. 
And leugh to hear. — 

Davidson's Seasons, p. SQ, 
Auld Simon sat hinting his cuttie 
An' loosing his buttons for bed. 

A. Scott's Poems, p. I90. 

To LUNT, V. n. To walk quickly, Roxb. ; to 
walk with a great spring, Dumfr. 

Up they gat a greenswaird mountain ;«— 
This they clam^ the twasome luntin* 
To keek oure the stretching dales. 

A. Scott 's Poems, 1811, p. 174. 
♦ Luntin — " Walking at a brisk pace," N. ibid. 
Most probably an oblique sense of Lunt as denot- 
ing the sudden rising of smoke. 
Lunt, s. *^ A great rise and fall in the mode of 
walking,'* Dumfr. 

LUP, Lupis. Lup schillingy apparently a coin 
of Lippe in Westphalia; Lat. Lupia, 
" Aucht daleiris & tuelf Lup schillingis" Aberd. 

Reg. A. 156s, V. 25. " To pay x sh. for ilk mark 

iupis that he was awand." Ibid. 

LURD, s, A blow with the fist, Aberd. 

Isl. lur^a signifies coercere, and lurad^r quassatus. 

LUBDANE, LuRDOKj s. 1. A worthless per- 
son.] Add; 

" Upon Yool-even James Grant goes some gate 
of bis own, leaving Balnadallach in the kiln-logie 
betwixt thir two lurdanes," &c. Spalding's Troubles, 
i. 38. Gl. " lurdane, a vagabond." In the preceding 
sentence, the same persons are called ** lymmers." 
Insert, in etymon, 1. 4. before — Bullet ; 
Palsgr^exp]. lurdaynehyYr.lourdault; B. iii. F. 46. 
Elsewhere he gives the following phrase ; '' It is a 
goodly syght to se a yonge h.urdayne play the lorell 
on this facyon : II fait beau veoir vng ieune lourdauU 
loricarder en ce poynt." F. 3 1 8, a, 
LuBDEN, ad). Heavy ; as, ** a lurden nevvU^ 
a heavy or severe blow, Berwicks. V, Lua- 


LURE, s. An udder.] Add ; 

Both Lluyd, in his list of Welsh words omitted by 
Davies, and Owen, mention U^r, Ih^r, as signifying 
an udder.. 

LUSBIRDAN, s. pi Pigmies, West Isl. 

** The Island of Pigmies, w, as the natives call it, 
the Island of Little Men, is but of small extent There 
lias rhavel been many small bones dug out of thQ 


ground here, resembling those of human kind more 
than any other. This gave ground to a tradition 
which the natives have o1^ very low-statured people 
living once here, call'd Lushirdan, i. e. Pigmies." 
Martin's Western Islands, p. 19. 

This term might seem to have some resemblance 
of Gael, luchurman, which signifies a pigmy. But I 
suspect it is rather of northern origin. In Isl. Uufiing 
is an elf, a fairy, a good genius ; Daemon mitis, says 
G.Andr. p. I68. But it may have been formed from 
Su.G. Isl. /inflight, also clear, candidus, and hirting 
manifestatio, from hirt^a roanifestare ; q. appearing 
bright. Biriing, persona vel res albicans; Haldorson. 
Or perhaps from by rd genus, familia, q. "the white," 
or *' bright family." 
LUSCAN, s. Expl. " a lusty beggar and a 

thief r Gall. Encycl. 

O.Flandr. luyssck^en. Germ, lusch^en, latitare; in- 
sidiari. Su.G. toesk, persona fixas sedes non habens. 

" Item ane pair oF slevis of luservie flypand bak- 
wart with the bord of the same." Inventories, A. 
1561, p. 128. 

Perhaps for lutervie. This might be a corruption 
of Fr. Umtrevive, live otter. But I know not how the 
designation would be applicable. This must be a 
speciea of fur ; for the title is Furrenis, i. e. Furrings. 

" The setting, lusting & rasing of the said fysch- 
ing." Aberd. Reg. A. 1538, V. I6. 

Can this mean invading; as allied to Su.G. lyst^a, 
Isl. liost-a, percutere. 
LUSTY, oi/. 2. Pleasant, delightful.] Add; ' 

The term occurs in this sense in a song, the first 
verse of which is quoted in The Complaynt of Scot^ 
land, printed A. 1548. 

O lusiie Maye, with Flora queen. 
The balmy drops from Phoebus sheen, 
Prelusant beams before the day, &c. 

Herd's CoU. ii. 212. 
LUTE, pret. Let out 

— " The personis quha lute thair money to proflTeil, 
— ^Iies corapellit the ressauearis of the money to pay 
in tyme of derth the annuelrent of tua, three, or four 
bollis victuall yeirlie for ilk hundreth raarkis money." 
Acts Ja. VI. 1597, Ed. 1814, p. 120. V. LuiT. 

" Item ane gowne of purpour velvot, with ane 
braid pasment of gold and silvir, lynit with luterrU, 
furnist with buttonis of gold." Inventories, A. 1539^ 
p. 32. Luterdis, p. 77- 

Fr. loutre, Lat lutra, L.B. luter, an otter. Luterris 
here evidently denotes some fur used as lining ; and 
we find loutres conjoined with ermines, in the Catalan 
Constitutions, in a statute of James I. king of Aragon. 
Nee portet— nee erminium, nee lutriam, nee aliam 
pellem fractam, nee assiblays cum auro vel^argento ; 
sed erminium, vel lutriam integram simplicem solum* 
modo in longitudine incisam circa capuciam capae, 
&c. V. Du Cange, vo. Luier, and CuUellare. 
lAJTTEN 9 part. pa. Let, suffered, permitted, S 
I*d — syne play'd up the runaway bride. 

And lutten her tak the gie. 
Rmumoif Bride, Herd^s C6U. ii. 88. V..Luit.. 



LUWME, LwME, s. A weaving loom. 

This orthography occurs in conjuction with vari- 
ous correlate terms not easy to be understood. 

" The t3niimer of ane tvoune lurvme, ane lyning 
Iwme, twa fidis^ ane warpein fat^ ane pyry quheill. 

ane pair of warpein staikis." Aberd. Reg. A. 1545, 

V. 19. 

Wcune seems to be for woollen^ as lining is for linen. 
Pyry quheill, probably small or little wheel. FidU 
may be treadUes, from^^ the foot^ q.JiUies. 


MA, pron. poss. My, Tweedd. 

*' I shuck ma pock clean toom— -at twalhour's 
time." Saint Patrick, i. 71. 
MAA, Maw, s, A whit, a jot, Loth. Ne^er a 

maa, never a whit, Lat. ne hilum. 

In the same form, this word is also preceded, 
(doubtless under the idea of greatly increasing the 
emphasis), with the favourite terms, few/ Fiend, DeiL 
MAAD, Mawd, s, a plaid, &c. V. Maud. 
MAADER, iniery, A term used to a horse, to 

make him go to the left hand, Aberd. 
MABER, s. Marble, perhaps an erratum for 

marbery from Fr. marbre. 

*' Item, an figure of a manis heid of maher'' In- 
ventories, A. 1561^ p. 158. 

MACALIVE CATTLE, those appropriated, ^ 
in the Hebrides, to a child who is sent out to * 
be fostered. 

*' These beasts are considered as a portion, and called 
Macalive cattle, of which the father has the produce, 
but is supposed not to have the full property, but to 
owe the same number to the child, as a portion to the 
daughter, or a stock for the son." Johnson's Journey, 
Works, viii. 374. V. Dalt. 

This term seems of Gael, origin, and comp. of mac 
a son, and oileamh-nam (oileav^natn) to foster, q. the 
cattle belonging to the son that \s fostered. 
MACDONALD'S DISEASE, the name given 
to an affection of the lungs, Perths. 
*' There is a disease called Glacach, by the High- 
landers, which, as it affects the chest and lungs, is 
evidently of a consumptive nature. It is called the 
Macdonald^s disease, because there are particular 
tribes of Macdonalds, who are believed to cure it with 
' the charms of their touch, and the use of a certain set 
of words. There must be no fee given of any kind. 
Their faith in the touch of a Macdonald is very 
great." Stat. Ace. P. Logierait, V. 84. 
MACER, Mas SEE, Masar, s. A mace-bearer, 
one who bears the mace before persona in au- 
thority, and preserves order in a court, S. 
— " Of late yeiris there is enterit in the office of 
cirmes sindry extraordiner masseris and pursevantis," 
&c. Acts James VI. 1587, c. SO, p. 449, Ed, 1814. 
Maissers and Maisseres, Skene. 
*' That our souerane lordis thesaurair, and vth^is 


directaris of sic lettres, deliuer thame in tyme cum^ 
ing to be execut be the ordinar herauldis, and pur- 
seuandis berand coittis of armes, or masaris, to be 
vsit be tharae as of befoir." Ibid. A. 1592, p. 5^5* 

— " The nomination of the macers hath, for two 
centuries past, been either in the crown, or in private 
families, in virtue of special grants frcxa the crown." 
Erskine's Inst. B. i. tit. iv, $ 38. 

L.B. masser-ius, qui massam seu clavam fert,~- 
aerviens armorum, nostris olim Masser, vel Sergeant 
d masse, nyxTkQ Mossier ; Dm Cvxkge, lXsl,mazziere ; 



MACHCOLING, a, V. Machicoules. 
MACHICOULES, s. pi The openings in the 

floor of a battlement. 

*' I have observed a difference in architecture be« 
twixt the English and Scottish towers. The latter 
usually have upon the top a projecting battlement, 
with interstices, anciently called machicoules, betwixt 
the parapet and the wall, through which stones or 
darts might be hurled upon the assailants. This kind 
of fortification is less common on the south border." 
Minstrelsy Border, i. Introd. Ixxvi. N. 

K. James V. grants to John Lord Drummond the 
liberty of erecting a castle at his Manour of Drum- 
mond — " fundandi, &c.— castrum et fortalicium mu-» 
ris lapideis et fossis, ac cum le fowseis et barmkm 
fortificandi, et circumcingendi portisque ferreis et 
clausuris revocandi firmandi et mumendi, ac cum le 
machcoling, batteling, portculids, drawbriggis, et 
omnibus aliis apparatibus," &c. Apud Edin. Oct. 20, 
1491. — Orig. in Charter-room at Drummond Castle. 

Fr. jnachecoulis, maschecoulis, used as a s. singular, 
" the stones at the foot of a parapet (especially over 
a gate) resembling a grate, through which offensive 
things are throwne upon pioners, and other assaiU 
ants ;" Cotgr. It is compounded of maseh^er, to 
chew, to champ, to grind, and coulisse, " a poftcullisj 
or any other door, or thing, which, as a portcullis^ 
falls, or slips, or is let, doune ;" ibid. This is evi-* 
dently from couUer to slide, to glide. The idea, con«* 
veyed by the c<Mnpound termj seems to be, soime- 
thing that is let fall or gUdes down for the purpose of 
gritting the assailants. 

OkFr. msiehe*amles, mache^'ixmUf, &c« is described 



by floquefiiH as a projecting parapet on the top of 
towers andcastles^ from which the defenders showered 
down perpendicularly on the besiegers stones, sand, 
and rosin or pitch in a state of fusion. 

Rabelais uses the term in the form of machinolis, 
Prol. B. iii. This is rendered by our Sir T. Urquhart, 

The ancient kings of England, when they give a 
right to build a casUe, mention this as one of the pri- 
vileges granted, imbattellandi, kemillandi, MacAzco^ 
landi Hence Du Cange gives MachicoU-are as a L.B. 
t;. formed from the Fr. s. MachacoUandura occurs in 
the same sense with the term under consideration. 
Spelman deduces the word from Fr. masccl or ma- 
c/it7, mandibulum, a jaw-bone, and coulisse a cataract; 
either because it projected from the wall like a jaw- 
bone, or because it crushed the assailants as our jaw- 
bones do meat. 

MACHLE (gutt.), V. a. To busy one's self do- 
ing nothing to purpose^ to be earnestly engaged 
yet doing nothing m a right manner, Perths. ; 
" Yell nHichle yoursell in the mids of your 
wark ;'' — ^perhaps a variety of Magil^ q. v. 
MACHLESS (gutt), adj. Feeble. This is the 
pronunciation of Loth. It is generally used in 
to unfavourable sense ; as, ^* Get up, ye tTtocA- 
less brute T V. Mauchtless. 
MACK, Mas:, adf. Neat, tidy ; nearly synon. 

with Purpose4iJce^ Roxb. V. Macklike. 
Mackliee, adj. 1. A very old word, expl, tight, 
neat, Ettr. For. ; synon. Purpose-like, 
^^ We had na that in our charge ; though it would 
be far mair mackAike, and far mair feasible,— -to send 
jon great clan o' ratten^nos^d chaps to help our mas- 
ter, than to have them lying idle, eating you out o' 
house and hauld here." Perils of Man, ii. 70. 

Teut. mackdicky ghC'-mackeUck^, commodus, facilis, 
lentus, lenis. Gke-mackeUck mensch, homo non dif- 
ficilis aut morosus, tractabilis, facilis. Belg. makUk, 
leasy ; from Teut. mack commodus, fielg^ mak, tame, 
gentle. The term in its simple form corresponds 
with Su.G. mak commoditas, Isl. mak quies, whence 
fnakUg commodus. These words in Dan. assume the 
form of mag ease, comfort, magelic commodious. 

Macklike must be viewed as originally the same 
with Makly, adv. evenly, equally, q. ▼. The transi- 
tion firom the idea of easiness or commodity to that 
of neatness is very natural ; as denoting something 
that suits the purpose in view. A similar transition 
is made when it is transferred to a person. 
52. Seemly, well-proportioned, S.A. 
M ACKER-LIKE, odf. More proper, more beseem* 
ing, or becoming, Ettr. Fpr. 
This is merely the comparative c^ Macklike, the 
mark of comparison being interposed between the 
component parts of the word, eupkofUae causa, in the 
B&me manner as Tkiefer^Hke, &c« 
MAD, Maup, s. a term, used in Clydesdale, to 
denote a net for catching salmon or trouts^ fixed 
in a square form by four stakes, and allowed to 
stand some Ume in the river before it be drawn. 
C.B: iraan^,— that is open, or expanding. 
Madder, «. a yessd used about mrnis for 
Vol. IL 89 

holding meal ; pionounced maiderj like 6r. « ; 

West of S. The southern synon. is Handie. 

C.B. meidyr, medr, a measure, math ar vesyr, mo- 
dius, a bushel. Sicambr. and Mod. Sax. fnalder, maU 
ter, mensurae aridae genus; synon. with Teut. mudde, 
modius. In L*B. this term assumes the forms of 
Maldrus, Maldrum, Maker, Malira,Mallrum, &c. de- 
noting a measure of four modii. But the extent is 

MADDERS^-FtJLL, asmuch as would fill the com- 

measure called a madder^ S.O. 

*' The prosecutor again implored his Lordship to 
make the young fuan marry his daughter, or free 
her to the session, which sure enough was not easy, 
seeing she had oaths of him ; and was there at home 
crying out her eyes madders' full, fit neither for mill 
nor moss." Saxon and Gael, i. 2. 
M ADD IE, 8. A large species of muscle, Isle of 


" About a league and a half to the south of the 
island Hermetra in Harries, lies Loch-Maddy, so 
called from the three rocks without the entry on the 
south side. They are call'd Maddies, from the great 
quantity of big muscles, called Maddies, that grows 
upon them." Martinis West Isl. p. 54. 
Gael. matd!0o^,theshell called Concha Veneris; Shaw. 

M ADDIE, 8. One abbrev. of Magdalen^ S. V. 

MADGE, 8. 1. A designation given to a female, 
partly in contempt and partly in sport, Lanarks. 
Synon. Hussicj £. Quean, 
''That glaikit madgeheddy Sibby's aff to the balf- 
merk wi' the Count ; but after a' its neither stealin 
nor murder." Saxon and Gael, iii. 106. 
2. An abbrev. of Magdalen^ S. 
MAD-LEED, arf;. Expl. a " mad strain,** Gl. 
Tarras. It is occasionally used in this sense ; 
Whare will ye land, when days o' grief 
Come sleekin in, like midnight thief. 
And nails yir mad-leed vauntin ? 

Tarras* s Poems, p. 17- 
Q. the language of a madman. V. Leid, language* 

-MADLINGS, adv. In a furious manner. 

'' Satan-— being cast out of men, he goeth madUf^s 
in the swine of the world :— putting forth bis rage 
where he may, seeing he cannot where hee would." 
Forbes on the Revelation, p. lOS. V. Linois, term. 

MADLOCKS, Milk-madlocks, 8. pi. Oatmeal 

brose made i^ith milk instead of water, Renfr. 

Should we view this as mat-hcks, it might be traced 
to Isl. mat cibus, and lock^a allicere ; q. '' enticing 
food." But any derivation must be merely conjecturaL 
MAE, 8. A bleat, S.] Add\ 
2. A name used to denote a sheep or lamb,DumfV» 

This has probably been introduced by children, 

if not confined to them. 
MAE, adj. More in number. V. Ma. 
To M AGG, V. ov To defraud a purchaser of 

coals, by laying off part of them by the way. 


'^ They were a bad back-^Steal'd meat and mault, 




and loot the carters magg the coals." Heart of Mid 
Lothi iv. 115. 

MAGGIE, Maggy, 8. A species of till, a term 
used by coalliers, Lanarks. 
" The most uncommon variety of till, in this coun- 
try, is one that by the miners is called Maggy. It 
is incumbent on a coarse iron-stone." Ure's Hist. 
Rutherglen, p. 9.53. 

MAGGIE FINDY, a designation given to a fe- 
male who is good at shifting for herself, Roxb. 

V. FlNDY- 

MAGGIE MONYFEET, a centipede. V. 


MAGGIE RAB, Maggy Robb, 1. A bad half- 
penny, S. 
2. A bad wife ; as, " He's a^ very guid man, but 
I trow he's gotten a Maggy Rob cf a wife ;'' 
To MAGIL, Maigil, Maggle, v. a. To 
mangle.] Add; 

^' They committed it [the work of reformation] 
to you whole and sound at your door ; and what a 
maggled work you have made of it now, the heavens 
and the earth may bear witness." Mich. Bruce's 
Soul Confirmation, p. 21. 

MAGISTRAND, Magestrand, s. 1. The 
denomination given to those who are in the 
highest philosophical class, before graduation. 
It is retained in the University of Aberdeen ; 
pron. MagiMraan. 
2. The designation given to the Moral Philoso- 
phy Class, Aberd. 

" The Magestrands (as now) convened in the high 
hall ; which was also the solemne place of meeting 
at publick acts, examinations and graduations." 
Crauf\ird's Hist. Univ. Edin. p. 24. 

** Magistrand C/oj*.— The science of astronomy 
employs the beginning of the fourth year, and com- 
pletes the physical part of the course. Under the 
term moral philosophy, which forms the principal 

Eart of the instruction of the fourth year, is compre- 
ended every thing that relates to the abstract sci- 
ences," &c. Thorn's Hist Aberd. ii. App. p. Sp. 

L.B. magislrari, academica laurea donari. Magis- 
irand would literally signify, " about to receive the 
degree of Master of Arts." 
MAGNIFICKNESSE, s. Magnificence. 

"^^ I look upon it ^Lyons^ as one of the best and 
most important towns in France, both for the magnU 
Jicknesse of the buildings, [and^ the great trafique 
it hath with almost all places of the world, to which 
the situation of it betwixt two rivers, the Soaneand 
the Rhosne is no small advantage." Sir A. Balfour's 
Letters, p. S6. 
MAGREIT, 8, The designation given to one 

of the books in the royal fibrary, 

'* The magreit of the queue of Navarre," Inven- 
tories, A. 1578, p. 245., 

This must have been a misnomer of the person 
who made the catalogue, or who pretended to read 
the titles of the books to him. The work undoubt* 
edly was the qelebrated Contes et Nouvelles de 
MarguerUe, Heine de Navarre. But the name of 


this princess has been mistaken for that of the 


MAKERS, "A tract of low, wet-lying land, 

of a marshy and moory nature ;"" Gall. Encycl. 

Gael, machmre simply denotes *' a field, a plain ;" 
Shaw ; from magh, a level country. C.B. mar, what 
is flat ; whence maran, a flat, a holme. 

MAY, 8. Abbrev. oi Marjorie^ S. V. Mysie. 
* MAY, 8. The name of the fifth month. This is 
reckoned unlucky for marriage, S. 
" Miss Lizy and me, we were married on the Spth 
day of April, with some inconvenience to both sides^ 
on account of the dread that we had of being mar-^ 
ried in May ; for it is said. 

Of the marriages in May^ 
The bairns die of a decay." 

Ann. of the Par. p. 66, 
^' As a woman will not marry in May, neither will 
she spean (wean) her child in that month." Edin. 
Mag. Nov. 1818, p. 410. 

The ancient Romans deemed May an unlucky 
month for matrimony. 

Those days are ominous to the nuptial tye. 
For she who marries then ere long will die ; 
And let me here remark, the vulgar say, 
' Unlucky are the wives that wed in May.' 

Ovie^s Fasti, by Massey, p. 278. 
May-bird, 8. A person born in the month of 
May, S. 

The use of the term bird, in relation to man, is 
evidently borrowed from the hatching of birds. 

It would seem that some idea of wantonness is at- 
tached to the circumstance of being hatched or bom 
in this month. Hence the Prov. " May-birds are ay 
wanton," S. 

MAICH, Mach, (gutt.), 8. Son-in-law.] Add; 
" itfau/* denotes a brother-in-law, N. of E." Grose. 
This is evidently a corr. pronunciation formed from 
A.S. mcteg, mag, the guttural sound being changed 
into that offy as in laugh, &c. It is merely a variar 
tion of meaugh mentioned above. 

MAICHLESS, adj. Feeble, wanting bodily 

strength, Fife. V. Mauchtless. 
MAY-BE, adv. Perhaps, S. 

'^ Your honour kens mony things, but ye dinna ken 
the farm o' Charlie's-hope — it's sae weel stocked al- 
ready, that we sell maybe sax hundred pounds off it 
ilka year, flesh and fell thegither," Guy Mannering^ 
iii. S24. 
MAID, 8. A maggot, S.B.] Add; 

O.E^ *' Mathe worme" is given as synon. with 
Make; Prompt Parv. 
% In Galloway, made^ obviously the same word, 

is restricted to the larvae of maggots. 

" Mades, the larvae, or seed of mawks ; maggots aa 
laid by the blue douped mawkingflee, or maggot fly, 
on humph'd or putrid flesh." Gall. Encycl. 

Add to etymon ; — C.B. magiad, a worm. 

MAID, Made, adj. Fatigued, Aberd. V. Mait. 
Maiden, 5. An instrument for beheading.] Add; 
We learn from Godscroft, that Morton had caused 
this instrument to be made " after the patteme whicb 
he had seen in Halifax in Yorkshire;" p. $56* 


MAIDEN, s. 1> The name given to the last 
liandful of corn, &c.] Afler quotation from 
Douglas, Insert; 
His young companions^ on the market-day, 
Now often meet in clusters to survey 
Young Gilbert's name^ in gowdeti letters grace 
The largest building in the market-place ;— 
And if they have a trifle out to lay. 
To put it in a former neighbour's way ; 
—Who had with them for wedding bruises run^ 
And from them oft the harvest maiden won. 

Train's Mountain Muse, p. 95. 
The natives of the Highlands seem to have bor- 
rowed the name from those of the Lowlands. For 
they call this last handful of corn Maidhdean-buain, 
or Maidhdean^puain, i. e. the shorn maiden. When 
expressed literally, it is denominated mir-garr, i. e. 
the last that is cut. 

I am much disposed to think that the figure of the 
Maiden is a memorial of the worship of Ceres, or the 
goddess supposed to preside over corn. Among the 
ancients, ears of corn were her common symbol. Rud- 
beck has endeavoured to shew that the very name of 
Ceres is the same with Kaera and Kaerna, the desig- 
nations given by the idolatrous Goths to the goddess 
of com. v. Atlant. ii. 447. 449- It is remarkable, 
indeed, that the name of kirn-babi/, or kem-babi/, 
ihould still be given to the little image, otherwise 
called the Maiden, Fancy might suggest, that the 
struggle for this had some traditionary reference to 
the rape of Proserpine, the daughter of Ceres. 

" At the Hamhie, as it is called," says a learned 
traveller, " or Harvest-Home pn the city of Cam- 
bridge^ I have seen a clown dressed in woman's 
clothes, having his face painted, his head decorated 
with ears of corn, and bearing about him other sym- 
bols of Ceres, carried in a waggon, with great pomp 
and loud shouts, through the streets ; — and when I 
inquired the meaning of the ceremony, was answer- 
ed by the people, that '* theif were drawing the Har- 
vest-Queen." Clarke's Travels through Greece, &c. 
p. 229, N. 

O that year Was a year forlorn ! 
Lang was the har'st and little corn ! 
And, sad mischance ! the Maid was shorn 

After sunset • ! 
As rank a witch as e'er was bom, 
They'll ne'er forget ! 

The Har'sl Rig, st 142. 
• " This is esteemed exceedingly unlucky, and 
carefully guarded against." N. ibid. 

As in the North of S., the last handful of com for- 
feits the youthful designation of Maiden, when it is- 
not shorn before Hallowmas, and is called the Car** 
Un ; when cut down after the sun has set, in Loth, 
and perhaps other counties, it receives the name of a 
mtch, being supposed to portend such evils as have 
been by the vulgar ascribed to sorcery. Thus she 
makes a transition from her proper character o£Kaer*> 
na, or Ceres, to that of her daughter Hecate or Pro- 
Add to etymon, penult 1. after Verel. Ind. ; 
Rabelais alludes to a similar custom, of being li- 
beral to brute animals, at the beginning of the new 
year which has formerly prevailed in France. He 



speaks of those "who had assembled themselTe8,-i>^ 
goa handsel-getting on the first day of the new yeare, 
at that very time when they give brewis [>rose] to 
the oxen, and deliver the key of the coales to the 
countrey-girles for serving in of the oates to the 
dogs." Urquhart's Transl. B. ii. c. xi, p. 75. 

MAIDEN, s. « An ancient instrument for hold- 
ing the broaches of pima until the pirns be 
wound off r Gall. Encycl. 

MAIDEN, s. A wisp of straw put into a hoop of 
iron, used by asmith for watenng bis fire, Roxb. 
This seems to be merely a ludicrous application of 

the term used to denote the last handful of grain cut 

down in harvest. 

MAIDEN, s. A sort of honorary title given to 
the eldest daughter of a farmer, S.B. She is 
called the Maiden o^such a place, as the farmer^s 
wife is called the Goodwi^ qf the same place. 

Ha^-maiden, s. a fanner s daughter who sits ben 
the housey or apart from the servants, Berwicks. 
A phrase introduced when farmers began to have 

a but and a befi. Hence the proverb ; " A ha'-maiden, 

and a hynd's cow, are ay eatin'." 

S. The bride^s moid at a wedding, S.B. 

3. The female who lays the child in the arms of 
its parent, when it is presented for baptism, 
Lanarks. V. Maiden«kimmeb. Hence, 

To Maiden, v. a. To perform the office of a 
maiden at baptism, ibid. 
The phraseology is, To maiden the wean. 

Maiden-hair, s. ** The muscles of oxen when 
boiled, termed Jix^aux towards the border ;** 
Gall. JEncycl. 

Maid-heid, s. Virginity ; maidhood, Shakesp. 
Yet keepit shee her maid-heid vnforlome. 

Poems l6th Cent. p. 136. 
A.S. maeden'had, maegden-had, id. 

Maiden-kimmer, s, " The maid who attends 
the kimmer ; or matron who has the charge of 
the infant at Tcimmerings and baptisms ; who 
lifts the babe into the arms of its father,^ &c. ; 
Gall. Encycl. 

Maiden-mylies, Orach, an herb.] Delete this 
article, as the name is given erroneously; trans- 
ferring the etymon to Mtdden-mylies, 

Maiden-skate,*. The name given to the Thorn- 
back and Skate, while young. Frith of Forth. 
'^ The young both of the thomback and the skate 

are denominated Maidet^^skate." Neill's List of 

Fishes^ p. 28. 

This observation is also applicable to Orkney. V. 
Barry, p. %g6. 

MAID-IN-THE-MIST, s. Navelwort, Cotj. 

ledon umbilicus Veneris, Linn., South of S. 

Skinner supposes that it receives its botanical and 
E. names from its having some resemblance to the 
navel. Perhaps it has the S. name for a similar rea< 
son ; as well as that of Jack-i'^the^Bush. 

MAIGS, more commonly Mags, s. pi. The 
hands ; as, " Haud afF yer maiffs, man,^ Roxb. 
The hands bi.lng the principal instruments of 

power, this term might perhaps be traced to A.S. 


mage potens^ fnag»an, Su.G. mag-a, posse; Teut. 

maeght vis^ potentia. But as GaeL mag denotes the 

paw^ (MacFarlan's Vocab.) this may be viewed as 

the origin. Shaw gives mag as a term corresponding 

with hand. It is singular^ however^ that there is no 

similar term in any of the other Celtic tongues. 

To Maig, V, a. I. To haudle any thing keenly 

and roughly, especially a soft substance, so as to 

render it useless or disgustful; as, " He''s maigit 

that bit flesh sae, that 111 hae nane o^,^ Roxb. 

The term is often applied to the handling of meal 

in baking. 

S. To handle, as continuing the act, although not 
implying the idea of rough treatment ; as, 
*^ Lay down that kitlin, lassie, yell maig it a^ 
away to nai thing,'' ibid. 
MAIGERS, prep. In spite of, Mearns. 

Fr. malgri, id. 
MAIGHRIE, s. A term used to denote money 
or valuable effects. Of one who has deceased, 
it is said, Had he ony maiffhrie^ The reply 
may be, No, but he had a gvde deal ofspraich* 
rie ; the latter being used to signify what is of 
less value, a collection of trifling articles. This 
old term is still used in Fife. 
Isl. mag-a acquirere> perhaps from Teut maeghe 
cognatu8> A.S. maeg, id.^ and ric, potens ; q. denoting 
the riches left by one's kindred, 
MAIK, s, A match, mate, or equal.] Add; 
This term is used by Patten. 
" Touchynge your weales nowe, ye mynde not, I 
am sure, to ly ue lawles and hedles without a Prince, 
but so to bestowe your Queue, as whoose make must 
be your Kynge." Somerset's Expedition, Pref. .xv. 
Also by Ben. Johnson. 

Maides, and their makes. 
At dancings, and wakes. 
Had their napkins, and poses. 
And the wipers for their noses. 

Works, if. 127* Add, as sense 
2. The maik, the like, the same. 

'' Gif euir scho dois the maik in tym cumyng,*' &c. 
Aberd. Reg. V. l6; and so in other places ; whence 
the phraseology seems to have been common. It is 
also written Mack. 

" And gif euir he dois the mack to hir, or to ony 
siclik burgess," &c. Ibid. A. 1535, V. 15. 
MAIL, Malk, s. A spot in cloth, &c.] Add; 
And all the waters in Liddisdale, 

And all that lash the British shore. 
Can ne'er wash out the wondrous maek ! 
It still seems fresh with purple gore. 

Hog^s Mountain Bard, p. 144. 
The ingenious author, as in many other instances, 
has here adopted an arbitrary orthography, which 
makes his terms occasionally assume a more antique 
form than is necessary. The diphthong ae seldom 
occurs in Scottish. 

MAIL, MalE) 8. S. Rent paid for a farm, &c.} 

" The lordis— ordanis that oure souerain lordis 
lettres be direct to distrenye him for the said fy ve 
pund of male, and to mak the said Sir Robert be pait 
tharof." Act Audit A. 1467, p. 8. 


M A I 

8. Rent paid for a house.] Add,* 

'^ There followed shortly the uplifting of— the tenth 
penny of ilk house maill within the town,— reserving 
the bigging where the heritor himself dwelt free, al- 
lemarly." Spalding, i. 290. Add, as sense 
4. To pay the maily to atone for a crime by suf- 
fering; used metaphorically, S. 
My sister, brave Jock Armstrong's bride^ 

The fairest flower of Liddisdale, 
By Elliot basely was betray'd ; 
And roundly has he paid the mail. 

Hogg's Mountain Bard, p. I99. 
To patf the cane, synon. 
FoRMALE, 8. Apparently rent paid per advance^ 

q.Jhre-maley i. e. paid before. V. Male-fee. 
FoRMALiKG, 8. Injormalingyixi the state of pay* 

ing rent before it be due. 

*' Quhilk land he had in formating to him & his 
airis." Aberd. Reg. A. 1551, V. 21. 
Mailler, Mealler, 8. A cottager of a parti* 

cular description, Aberd., Ross. 

'^ The great body of the people is divided into two 
classes, tenants and cottagers ; or, as the latter are 
called here, maiUers. The maillers are those poor peo-. 
pie who build huts on barren ground, and improve 
spots around them, for whidi they pay nothing for 
a stipulated term of years." P. Urray, Stat Ace. 
vii. 253, 254. 

" The number of inhabitants has of late been much 
increased by a species of cottagers, here called meaU 
lers, who build a small house for themselves, on a 
waste spot of ground, with the consent of the pro* 
prietor, and there are ready to hire themselves out a* 
day-labourers." P. Rosskeen, Stat Ace. ii. 560. 

Mailer is undoubtedly the proper orthography. 
V. Mail, tribute. 
Mail-garixen, 8. A garden, the products of 

which are raised for sde, S.l Add; 
" The chief of these are the mail gardens around the 
city of Glasgow, from which that populous place is 
supplied with all the variety of culinary vegetables 
produced in this country." Agr.Surv.Clydes,p.lSl. 
MAILIE, 8» A pet ewe, Dumfr. V. Maillie,. 
MAILYIE, 8. The denomination of an old 

French coin. 

" That na deniera of France, cortis nor mailyeis 
be tane, nor brocht hame." Balfour'^ Pract p. 521. 
V. Cortes. 

Fr. maille, " a (French) halfpenny ; the halfe of 
a penny ;" Cotgr. 

L.B. mailUd, malUa. Du Cange gives the same 
account of it, saying that it is the half of a denier or 
penny. He views it as contracted from MedalUa >- 
and considers the latter as itself a corruption of Me* 
tallum, a word which was inscribed on some of the 
silver coins of Lewis the Pious and Charles the Bald., 
V. vo. Medalla* 

MAILLIE, 8. An ajBTectionate term for a sheep,. 

Gall. V. Mactaggart. Mailie, Dumfr. 

He derives the term *^ from Mae the bleat of a 
sheep ;" but it may be deduced from C.B. mal, fond, 
doating; or rather from Gael, metflaich, Ir. maileadh, 
fne%A-am, bleating, meilaicham, ''to bleat as a sheep." 
Hence> aa would seem, meUnach, a ewe^ 

M A J 


From Burns's " Death of Poor MaiUe,'* it would 
appear that the term is used in Ayrs. also« not merely 
as an arbitrary denomination for an individual^ but 
as that of any pel yorne* 
MAILLIE, s. The same with Mdly^ used for 

Mary^ Aberd., Gl. Shirr. 
MAILS, s. pi. An herb, Ayrs. 

*' Chenopodium several species, Goosefoot, wild 
spinage, or mails" Agr. Surv. Ayrs. p. 675. 

Undoubtedly the same with Milds, Miles, Loth., 
and Midden MyUes, q. v. 
MAINE BREAD, Matn-beed, s. Apparently 


"Farder thair was of meattis, wheat bread, maine 
hready and ginge bread, with fleshis beiff and mut- 
ton/' &c.- Pitscottie's Cron. p. S^5. Mainbread in 
other editions. 

*' The bread of mane/' says Mr. Pinkerton, '* seems 
tohave been enriched with spices." Hist Scot. ii. 433. 
V. Mane. BreidqfMane, 

MAINLIE, adv. Apparently for meanly. 

" After they were apprehended, they were all put 
uito English ships, and hot mainlie used." Lamont's 
Diary, p. 41. 
MAIN-RIG, adv. A term applied to land, of 

which the rid^s are possessed alternately by 

different individuals, Fife ; exactly synon. with 


This term has every appearance of being very an* 
dent, as compounded of A.S. ma^e, Su.G. men, Alem. 
meen, communis, and rig a ridge. The A.S. term is 
often used with the augmentative prefixed, ge-maene, 
as Teut. ghe^meen ; q. " ridges held in common." 
Thus A.S. gemaene laes is rendered compescuus ager ; 
MAIN'S MORE,*. Free grace or goodwill, Ayrs. 

'^ Some thought it wasna come to — ^pass, that ye 
would ever consent to let Miss Mary tak him, though 
he had the main's more." Sir. A. Wylie, iii. 221. 

This, I am informed, is a Gael, phrase. Maikamh" 
nas more, pron. maanUh more, great grace, complete 

AIN SWEAT, the phrase used by the vulgar 

to express that violent perspiration which often 

immediately precedes aeatn, S. 

Perhaps from A.S. maegn, vis, robur, q. that by 
which tne strength of the body is evaporated. 

It is also called the Death-smeat. 
MAINTO, Mento, s. To be in one's matnto^ to 

be under obligations to one ; Qui d" one's mento^ 

no longer under obligations to one, Aberd. 

To MAJOR, V. n. To prance about, or walk 

backwards and forwards with a military air and 

step, S. 

-— '^ Mr. Waverley's wearied wi' majoring yonder 
afore the muckle pier-glass." Waverley, ii. 290. 

" He cam out o' the very same bit o' the wood, 
majoring and looking about sae like his Honour, that 
they were clean beguiled, and thought they had let« 
ten aff their gun at crack-brained Sawney, as they 
ca' him." Waverley, iii. ZS%. 

*^ Then in comes a witch with an ellwand in her 
handj and she raises the wind or lays it, which ever 


she likes, majors up and down my house, as if she 
was mistress of it," &c. The Pirate, iii. 53. 

I am at a loss to judge, whether this idea has been 
borrowed from the gait of a major in the army, or 
of a £frtim-major. When viewing the state of the lat- 
ter, one would rather suppose that he had originated 
the term. Or it may be traced with equal propriety 
to that important personage a major-domo. 
Majoe-mindit, adj. Haughty in demeanour ; q. 

resembling a military officer, who has attained 

considerable rank, Clydes. 
MAIR, Maire, Mare, g. 1. An officer attend- 
ing a sheriff, &c.] Jdd; 

This is conjoined with Messetiger as synon. 

'^ It were absurd to make either the Sheriff or Lyon 
accountable for the malversations of their mairs or 
messengers; but here the sheriff-officers were only 
brought pro more." Fountainh. Dec. Suppl. iv. 564i. 
2. Maire offee.l^ Add^ col. 4, 1. 14 from bottom ; 

This assertion of Obrien, that among the Scots 
Maormor was anciently the same with Earl, is con- 
firmed by what is said by Sir Robert Gordon. 

" The Earl of Southerland — is yet to this day call- 
ed in Irish, or old Scottish language, Morwair Cat* 
tey, that is, the Earl of Cattey, so that the bishoprick 
took the denomination rather from Cattey, (which ia 
the whole), then from Cattey-nes, which is but a 
part of the dyacie." Hist Earls of Sutherl. p. 434. 

Mormhaor, as the term is written by Shaw, is pro- 
nounced Morvair. 
MAIR, adv. Used in the sense of moreover, or 

S. mairaUour^ q. ^^ in addition to what has been 

already said.*" 

" Item, ten pece of caippis, chasubles, and tuniclea* 
all of claith of gold." — Marg. " In Merche 156? I 
deliverit thre of the farest quhilk the Q. [Queen]] 
gaif to the Lord Bothuil. And mair tuke for hir 
self ane caip, a chasable, foure tunicles, to mak a bed 
for the king. All brokin and cuttit in h^ awin pre- 
sence." Inventories, A. 156\, p. 156. 

This bed seems to have been made for the prince 
James, acknowledged as king when the marginal notes 
were made. This gift had been made to Bothwell 
in the month following that in which Damley waa 
murdered. For in the preceding page, it is said of 
another article, in Marg. " In Feb. 1567 sex pecea 
wes tynt in the K. chalmer." 

" Item, mair Mr. Johnne Balfoure deliverit ane 
mytir to Madam mosel de Ralle. quhilk mytir wes en- 
rychit with sindrie stanes not verie fyne, all the rest 
coverit with small perils." Ibid. p. 157. 

Mair is evidently synon. with Item, which ia 
generally used in these curious Inventories. V^ 
MAlk BY TOKEN, espe<»ally, South of S. 

" Ane suldna speak ill o' the dead«— matr by token^ 
o*ane's cummer and neighbour— 'but there was queer 
things said about a leddy and a bairn or she left the 
Craigbumfoot." Antiquary, iii. 237. 

The import of the phrase seema to be^ ** the more^ 
to give an example." It is allied in signification to 
the phraseology used in Angus, To the fnair m$en taU> 
kin. V. Takin* 

MAIS, cmj. But; Fn] Adda 


M A K 

Candour requires that I should insert the follow- 
ing marginal note on this word by Sir W. Scott. 

'^ Dubious. The instance seems to be an error of 
a transcriber for maist gent." 

MAISCHLOCH, *. Mixed grain. V Mash- 
LIN. The article might properly be transferred 
to this orthography. 

A learned friend remarks: '* Perhaps from its va- 
riegated or spotted appearance^ when made into 
breads it may be derived fVom Su.G. tnaslig scabio- 
sus^ from mas macula ; whence Measles, &c." 
MAIS'D, part adj. Mellow ; as, " a maUd ap- 
ple,'^ one that has become mellow, Fife. 
Evidently the same word, used in a literal and 
more original sense, with Meise, Maise, to mitigate, 
q. V. See also Ameise. 

MAISER, s, A drinking-cup. V. Masar. 

MAISERY, s. Corr. of the name Margeri/y 
or Marjory y Moray. V. Sarbit. 

MAIST, adv. Almost, S. 

'^ Maist dead seldom helps the kirkyard," Ang. 
It is thus expressed in Lanarks.; '* It's lang erega'in 
to die fill the kirkyard." 

Ye may speak plainer, lass, gin ye incline. 
As, by your mumping, I maist guess your mind. 

Shirrefs* Poems, p. 9^?. 
Maistly, adv. 1. For the most or greatest part, 

S. MaisilieSy Ettr. For. 
2. Almost, nearly, S.B. 

An' lusty thuds were dealt about. 
An' some were maistly thrappl't. 

Cock's Simple Strains, p. 136. 
MAISTER, s, 2. In composition, &c.] Jdd; 

Maister-^man is also used as equivalent to Dekyn, 
i. e. the deacon of an incorporated trade in a royid 

" That in ilk tovne— of ilk sindry craft vsyt thar- 
in thar be chosyn a wyss man of thar craft, — ^the 
quhilk Sail be haldyn Dekyn or maister man oure the 
layff for the tyme till him assignyt till assay & go- 
uerne all werkis that beis maide be the werkmen of 
bis craft, sua that the kingis liegis be nocht defraud- 
yt & scathyt in tyme to cum as thai haue bene in 
^me bygane throw Vntrew men of craftis." Pari. 
Ja. I. A. 1424, Acts Ed. 1814, p. 8. 
S. A designation given, by the courtesy of the 

country, to the eldest son of a Baron or Vis- 
count, conjoined with the name from which bis 

father takes his title, S. 

*^ About this time the Lord Banff and Master cf 
Banff's grounds were plundered, and the master (his 
father being in Edinburgh) unhappily hurt a ser* 
jeant" Spalding, ii. 9.63, 

Mr. Pinkerton, speaking of the Laird, says ; '' His 
tenants indeed called him Master, not landlord, but 
this was a slavish relique of the days of villenage : 
and hence apparently the Scottish phrase of Master, 
for the heir apparent to an estate, thus Master of 
Huntley, of Darnley, and the like, frequent in our 
history and records, and still retained where there 
is no second title." Hist. Scotl. i. S66. 
4. The designation given to a farmer by those 

who are employed by him, S. 


Upon the mom the master looks 
To see gin a' his fowk hae hooks. 
— ^When they ha'e a' their places ta'en. 
The master gangs frae ane to ane. 

The Har'st Rig, st 17, 20. 
Maisteefullie, adv. Violently, with the strong 

" Gif oUy man maisterfulUe takis ane uther, and 
haldis his persoun in captivitie, until the time he ob* 
tene any contract, — the samin is of nane avail, force, 
nor effect." A. 1516. Balfour's Pract p. 182. 

" Maisterfullie brak wp the durris, & theifteouslie 
sta & tuk away gudis," &c. Aberd. Reg. 
Maistebschip, s. a title of respect formerly 
given to the Magistrates of Aberdeen. 
— *' Ane abill conwenyent discreit man to be mais^* 
ter of the Cramer SkouU, beseikand thair Maister^ 
sokippis & the haill towne to ressaue hym thankfully 
for sic steid & plesur he mycht do thaim." Aberd: 
Reg. V. 16. 

"Quhairfor I beseyk your Maisterschippis ye wald 
compel be justice," &c. Ibid. V. 17. 
MAISTER, Master, s. Urine, &c.] Jdd; 

*' Take near a tub-full of old master or urine 
[[chamber- lye], and mix it with as much salt, as when 
dissolved, will make an egg swim.— Put therein as 
much of your wheat you design to sow as it can con- 
veniently hold," &c. Maxwell's Sel. Trans, p. 262. 

I find that Gael. Toaister signifies urine. 
Maister-can, s. An earthen vessel used for 
preserving chamber-lye. 
She's dung down the bit skate on the brace. 

And 'tis fa'en in the sowen kit ; 
'Tis out o' the sowen kit — 

And 'tis into the maister-can ,* 
It will be sae fiery sa't, 

'Twill poison our goodman. 

Wallifoufa' the Cat, HercTs ColL ii. 139. 
MAtSTER-TUB, s. A woodcn vessel used for pre- 
serving chamber-lye, S. 
MAIT, Mate, adf, 1. Fatigued, overpowered, 
&c.] Add; 

Mate occurs as a v. in OuE. " I mate or overcome: 
[Fr.] Je amatte." Palsgr. B. iii. F. 299, a. 

MAITH, s. Son-in-law. 

" Quhen king Terquine had socht in sundry partis 

quhare ony persoun micht be wourthy to haue his 

dochter in mariage, thare wes nane fund as wourthy 

to be his maith as the said Servius." Bellend. T. Liv. 

p. 71 . V. Maich. Perhaps this is the true reading here. 

To Mak, v. n. S. To counterfeit.] Add ; 

4. To become fit for the peculiar purpose for 
which any thing is intenaed ; applied to sub- 
stances undergoing some kind of fermentation 
or chemical process ; as, ^^ Muck maun be laid 
in a heap to mak^ Clydes. 

6. To Mak qff^ or To Mak affwi one^s ^e-^ v.n. 
To scamper off, S. 

6. To Mak o^, v. n. To aim a blow at one ; as, 
* He maid at me wi"* his neive," C y des. 

7. To Mak douUj v, a. To dilute, to reduce the 
strength of spirituous liquors, S. 

& To Male doun a bed, to f<^d down the bed- 

M A K 

M A L 

clothes, so as to make it ready for being entered, 
S. This is opposed to making it up^ when a 
bed-room is put in order for the day. 

9. To Mak for J V. n. To prepare ; to take pre- 
paratory step; as, ** He's no up yet, but ne's 
makirCfor nsin','' S. 

10. To MakJot, v. a. To prepare for, as cer- 
tainly laying one's account with the event re- 
ferred to; an elliptical phrase, equivalent to 
" make ready for.'' 

" So the force of the argument is^ — that they be- 
hoved to make for trouble, as being Inevitable, con- 
sidering they are not of the world/' Hutcheson on 
John XV. 10. 

11. To Mak in wP one, v. n. To get into one's 
favour, to ingratiate one's self, S. 

12. To Mak outj v. n. To extricate one's self, S. 
IS, To Mak throw n^, v. n. To finish, to come 

to a conclusion, after surmounting all difficul- 
ties ; as, ** He maid throw w¥ his sermon after 
an unco pingle," S. 

14. To Mak wp, v, a. To raise with difficulty, 

15. To Mak trp, r. n. To rise with difficulty, S. 

16. To Mak up^ v. a. To be of availment to. 
Thus when we receive any thing useless or in- 
adequate to our expectation or necessities, it is ironi- 
cally said, " Ay ! that will mak me up !" or serious- 
ly, *' Weel, that winna male me saxr up" S. 

17. To Mak «p, to remunerate, to enrich^ S. 
His tabernacle's without the camp. 

To join them go you thither ; 
And though you bear the world's reproach, 
He'U make you up for ever. 

Scotland's Ghry and Shame, p. 2. 

18. To Mak «p, v. a. To contrive, to invent, S. 

19. To Mak wp, v. a. To compose ; as applied 
to writing, as in sense 1. without the prep., S. 

20. To Mak i//?, v. a. To fabricate ; regarding 
a groundless story, S. 

81. To Mak up till one, v. a. To overtake one, 
implying some difficulty in doing so, S. 

To Mak, v. a. as conjoined with nouns substan- 

1. To Mak fore, v. n. To be of advantage ; 
as, ** Dearth frae scarcity maks nsie Jbre to the 
farmer," Clydes. V. Fobe, s. 

2. To Mak herikg, to cure herrings. 

*' The haill burrowis of the west cuntrie — ^hes 

Eirlie in all tymes byganeresortitto the fisching of 
>ch Fyne and vthers Lochis in the north His for 
making of hering. — Nottheles certaine cuntrie men 
adiaoent— hes rasit ane greit custume of euerie last 
o£maid hering that ar tane in the said Loch," &c. Acts 
Mary, 1555, Ed. 1814, p. 498. 
8. To Mak penny, to sell, to convert into money. 

" The prouest, &c. chargit the officiaris to mak 
penny of the claith prisit," Aberd. Reg. Cent. l6. 

This is equivalent to the Belg. phrase ids te gelde 
maaken, and indeed to the'E. one, corresponding with 
this, '' to make moneys of a thing. 
4. To Mak steai), to be of use ; E. to stand in 



** Such cattle as would not drive they houghed 
and slew, that they should never make stead" Spal- 
ding, ii. 269* 

This might seem at first view to be an anomalous 
use of A.S. sted locus. But as Teut. staede signifies^ 
not only statio, locus, but commoditps, utilitas, our 
phrase is analogous to staede do-^n, usui esse,prode8se, 
commodo esse. The Teut. also supplies one exactly 
correspondent with the E. phrase. This is given as 
synon. with the other ; in staede stamen, 
MAKE, s. Abbrev. of Malcolm, Aberd. Reg. 
MAKER-LIKE, ad;. V. Macker-like. 
MAKL Y, €uiv. Evenly, equally.] Add ; 

O.E. " Machf apte." Prompt. Parv. 
Makly, adj. Seemly, well-proportioned ; Gl. 

MAL-ACCORD, s. Disapprobation^ dissent, re- 

— " Wherefore we heartily desire your subscrip- 
tions and seal to thir reasonable demands, or a pe« 
remptory or present answer of bon-accord or mal^ 
accord" Spalding, i. 2l6 (2d). 

Fr. mal evil, and accord agreement. I question if 
either of these words has ever been properly natu- 
ralized. They are used by Colonel Monro, of the 
worthy Scots Regiment, who employs a good many fo« 
reign terms in his diction. 
M ALAPAVIS, s, A mischance, a misfortune, 

Upp. Lanarks. 

Perhaps from Fr. mal evil, and pavois-ier, to de- 
fend ; q. ill-defended, (V. Pauis) ; or from Pavie. 
MALARE, Malar, s. One who pays rent for 

a farm. 

— " Anent the keping of the said Margret scaith- 
les & harmeles of the malis & fermes of the landis of 
Dalquhillray of X yeris bygane, takin & resavit be the 
said Donald & his spouss fra the said vmquhile James 
the malare," &c. Act. Dom. Cone. A. 1479, p. 83. 
2. One who rents a house in a town. 

" It is nocht the vss nor consuetude within this 
burgh to ane malar to byg & reperall ony thing that 
is yerdfest or nallt fest with the hous." Aberd. Reg. 
A. 1535, V. 15, p. 638. V. Mailer. 
To MALE, V, a. To stain. V. Mail. 
M ALE- A-FORREN, s, "A meal of meat, 

over and above what is consumed ; a meal be* 

fore hand ^ Gall Encycl. 
MALEFICE, s. A bad action, Fr. 

I find this word only as used by Kelly, in explain- 
ing the Prov. Before I ween'd now I wat ; " Spoken/' 
he says, " upon the full discovery of some malefce, 
which before we only suspected." Prov. p. 6^. V. 

MALE-FRE, adj. Without rent ; synon. RenU 
Jree^ S. 

'^ That the said Johne of Blackbume sail brouk & 
joy se the tak of the saide landis of Spensarfelde for the 
termes contenit in the said letter of tak made to him 
be the said Alex' Thane, & male-fre for the formale 
pait be him to the said Alex% ener the forme & te-i 
nour of the samyn letter." Act. Audit. A. 1471, p. 10. 

It is also improperly written mealftee^ 

" But the truth is, that many of you, «id too many 
also of your neighbour church of Scotland, have been 
like a tenant that sitteth meal-free^ and knoweth not 


his holding while his rights be questioned." Ruth. 

MALEGRUGROUS, od;. Gnm-l Add; 

Often pron. maUagmgotis. It may be of Gael, ori- 
gin, from mala, mullach, primarily denoting the eye- 
brow, and hence applied to knotted or gloomy eye- 
brows ; and Gruagach, a female giant, also a ghost 
supposed to haunt houses, called in Scotland a Brow- 
nie (Shaw) ; q. the ghost with the gloomy eye-brows, 
synon. with Bo-mullach. V. Bamullo. 
MALESON, Malison, s. A curse.] Add; 
2. Harse-mali^on, a person who is cruel to his 

horse, Clydes. ^ 

MALGRACE, s. The opposite of a state of fa- 

vour.] Add; 

" The lord Gordon lodged in TuUiesoul and staid 
no longer there, only exhorting the Strathboggie men 
to be ready upon their own peril, and so rode his 
way, being in malgrace with his father, and returned 
to Aberdeen." Spalding, ii. 123, 124. 
MALGRATIOUS, adj. Surly, ungracious. 
— A forfarn falconar, 
A malgratims millare. Colkelbie Son, F. i. v. 04. 

Fr. malgrace, disfavour, displeasure. 
To Malignne, v. n. To utter calumny. 

" Seing the said slanderous, seditious, and fals 
brute altogither ceissis not in sic as malignne aganis 
the treuth, I can not now, quhen your maiestie hes 
your nobiletie & estatis of parliament conyenit in sa 
full nowmer, abstene fra my complaint." Erie of 
Mortoun's Declaratioun, 1579* Acts Ja. VI. Ed. 1814, 

Malicefu', adj. Sickly, in bad health, Orkn. 

V. Malice, Male-eis. 
MALIFICE, s. Sorcery, witchcraft ; Lat. ma- 

lefic'iumf id. , ^ i i ^ 

'' There was also Bessie Weir hanged up the last 
of the four, one that had been taken before in Ire- 
land, and was condemned to the fyre for iwa/i/fce be- 
fore." Law's Memorialls, p. 128. 
MALIGRUMPH, s. Spleen, Roxb. 

Perhaps a corr. ofMolligrubs or MolUgrant, q. V. 
MALL, Mally, s. Abbrev. of Mart/,S. 
MALLEURITE', s. The same with Malhure. 

''The Veanis lamentit hevelie in thare counsellis— 
dredand the same chance and malleuriU to fall to 
thare toun of Veos as was now fallit to Fidena." BeU 
lend. T. Liv. p. 345. 

Fr. malheureU, mischance. 
» MALT, s. Malt ahune the meal. V. MAtrt. 
MALVERSE, s. A crime, a misdemeanour, 

Clydes. ; Fr. nudvers-er^ to behave one's self ill. 

^' If any skaith was done, the sheriff and his offi- 
cers must be answerable for it, who, by the Acts of 
Parliament, are entrusted with the execution of ejec* 
tions; and so, if any malverse was committed, he must 
be countable." Fountainh. Dec. Suppl. iv. 563. 

" He often deprives them for no malverse m their 
office, but only fot not paying in their dues to him.** 
Ibid. p. 71 6. 
MAMENT, *. Moment, Ang., Fife. 

" Ay, there's news for you, Janet It's just the 
haill town's clatter at this mament." Tennant's Card. 

Beaton, p. S4* 



Caitoie mament. v. Cankie. 
MAMIKEEKIE,*. A smart sound blow, Roxb* 
This is perhaps a cant term ; but the latter part of 
the word seems allied to Teut. kaecke, the cheek, 
Isl. kialki, id.> as if it had originally denoted a blow, 
on the chops, like Teut. kaeck-slagh, alapa. 
MAMMONRIE, s. Idolatry. 

Quha does adome idolatrie. 
Is contrair the haly writ ; 

For stock and stane is Mammonrie. 
Poems of the Sixteenth Century, p. 68. 
Christians, from the time of the crusades, either 
from ignorance, or from hatred, accused the Moham« 
medans as idolaters, because of their belief in the false 
prophet. V. Mahoun. 

To MAMP, v.a. 1. " To nibble, to mop, to eat 
as a person who has no teeth C Ayrs., Gl. Picken. 
E. mumpy id. 
8. " To speak querulously ;" ibid. 
A' the day I greet and grummlci 

A' the night I sab an' cry ; 
Whiles my plaint I mump and mummle, 
Whar the bumie todies by, 

Picken' s Poems, i. 188. 
This is merely a variety of the E. v. to Mump. Se- 
renins gives Sw. mums-a as exactly synon., which he 
derives from mun os, q. muns-a, ore laborare, to work 
with the mouth. This derivation is greatly confirmed 
by that of Teut. mcmpeUen, murmillare, mussiure, 
emutire, of which the primary form is numdpd-en, 
from mond, the mouth, 

MAM'S-FOUT, 8. A spoiled child, Teviotd. 
Teut. mamme matef, and S.fode^fnfde, brood. V. 


MAM'S-PET> s. Synon. with ManCs-Fout. 

" He has fault fgi^eatly feels the want] of a wife, 
that marries AJam's Pet:* S. Prov. " Maids that 
have been much indulged by their mothers, and have 
had much of thehr wills, seldom prove good wives." 

Kelly, p. 153. 

To MAN, Maun, v. a. 1. To accomplish by 

means of strength, S. Maunt^ man% pret. 

" Man, to effect, to accomplish by much exertion.'* 

Gl* Picken. 

Death's maunt at last to ding mc ourc. 
An' ril soon hae to lea' ye» 

A. WiUon'e Poems, 1790, p. 201. 
But out at last I maunt to speel ; 
Far mair than e'er I thought atweel. lb. p. 225. 

■ ■ I gied an unca draw. 
An* man't to rive mysel awa. 

Picken* s Poems 1788, p. 42. 
He'U no man't, spoken of any thing which, it is sup* 
• posed, one cannot effect " PU ergh eneuch man't," 
I'll hardly accomplish it, Lanarks. 
2. To effect by whatever means, S» 
Sud ane o' thae, by lang experience, man 
To spin out tales frae mony a pawky plan,— 
And should some stripling, still mair light o* heart* 
A livelier humour to his cracks impart, — 
Wad mony words, or speeches lang be needed. 
To tell whase rhymes were best, were clearest 

headed ? A. Wilson's Poems 18l6, p. 46. 
The first by labour mans our breast to move. 
The last exalts to extasy and love* Ibid. p. 47. 



Isl. manrt'-aZfin virum evadere: A.S. Moe8.G. mag^ 
«n posse ; valere,prevalere. Ne magon; non potuerunt 
Or perhaps rather from the s. maegn, Isl. magn, \is, 
robur ; magn-^ vires dare^ magn^as, corpus facere 
adolescere. Some, indeed, derive the name expressing 
our nature from tnaa or mag^a, posse. V. Maun. 
M AN-BOTE, 8, The compnsation fixed by the 

law, for killing a man. V. Bote. 
MAN-BRO W^D, adj. Having hair growing be- 
tween theeye-6rcnr^,Teviotd. Hereit isdeeuied 
unlucky to meet a person thus marked, especially 
if the first one meets in the morning. Elsewhere 
it is a favourable omen. 

The term, I should suppose, had been primarily 
applied to a woman, as by this exuberance indicating 
something of a masculine character, q. having hrvwf 
like a man. V. Lucken-brow'd. 

MAND, s. Payment.] Add ; 

On this term Sir W. Scott observes ; " It is simply 
amende, and nothing more. The word, spelled amand, 
IB daily and hourly used in the Court of Session to ex- 
press the penalties under which parties are appointed 
to lodge written pleadings against a certain day." 

MAND, Mauxd, s. A kind of broad basket, in 
the shape of a corn-sieve, generally made of straw 
and willows plaited together, Aberd, Mearns. 
The guidwife fetches ben the mand, 
Fu'o' guid birsled cakes. 

Bumesf's Poems and Tales, p. 184. 
Goodman, hand me in o'er the maund 

Yonder, anent ye. W, Beaiiie's Tales, p. 7. 

£. maund, for which Johns, gives no authority, and 
which seems to be properly a north-country word, 
denotes " a hand-basket with two lids ;" Grose. AS. 
tnand, corbis, " a coffer, a basket, — a pannier;" Sonv* 
ner. Tent. Fr. mande, id. 

To MANDER, v. a. To handle ; to deal ; Loth. 
HANDILL, s, A loose cassock ; Fr. mandil. 

** Item, ane pair of breikis of blew velvott, with 
ane mandill diairto broderit with gold." Inventories, 
A. 1579, p. 281. 

In O.E. called a mandUion ; Phillips. 
MANDMENT, s. An order, a mandate.] Add; 

" Sarvais wrait to me, gif I wald he suld send the 
movables to my hous, and gif my recepisse of it con* 
forme to the Quenis and Regentis mandment, quhilk 
I wes content he did." Inventories, A. 1573, p. 185. 
MANDRED, Mandset, s. The same with 

Manrentj q. v. 
MANE. BaEin ojf make.] Add ; 

Since writing this article, I have observed that the 
term was not unknown to Palsgrave. He raiders 
oa^fie mayne by Fr. pa$fn de bomcke; B. iii. F. 52. 
This Cotgr. gives as 83mon. with pain moUet, which 
he ezpl., '^a very light, very crusty, and savoury 
white bread, full of eyes, leaven and salt." 

Breid of Mane is one of the articles of entertain- 
mentatthe upsiliingjeast of one of James the Fourth's 
mistresses, stated in the Treasurer's Accounts, 150S. 
'* The hady,** as she is called, had been on the straw. 

MANERI ALLIS, s. pi. Minerals. 

'' Our said souerane lord — ^hes sett, grantit, and 
disponit-*to the said Eustachius C^oghl See. the 

Vol. II. 97 

haill goldin, siluer, copper, tin, and leidinm3mes and 
maneriallis within this realme of Scotland," &c. Acts 
Ja. VI. 1584, Ed. 1814, p. S^Q. 
HANG, s. To mix one^s mang,^ Add; 

Sweet was the sang, the birdies plaid alang. 
Canting fu' cheerfu' at their morning mang. 
An' meith ha fown content in onie breast, 
Wi' grief like her's that had na been opprest. 
Ross's Helenore, First Edit. p. 58, 5Q, 
This undoubtedly signifies ^'morning meeting," i.e. 
the state of being mingled together in the morning. 
It is used also in a different form, Angus. 
Amo' the bushes birdies made their mang. 
Till a' the doughs about with musick rang. 

Ross's Helenore, First Edit. p. 20. 
This, in Edit Third, is changed to 

Upon the busses, birdies sweetly sang, &c. 
Makgler, «. One who smoothes linen with a cal- 

lendar, S. 
MANGLUMTEW, 8. A heterogeneous mix- 
ture, Clydes. 

Teut. metigeUen, (E. mingle), TVn^ may here sig- 
nify taste ; q. having the taste of substances quite 

MANHEAD,*. Bravery, fortitude; E.wwnAood. 
'^ The said Sir Andrew Wood prevealed be his sin- 
gular manhead and wisdome, and brought all his 
fyve schipis to Leith as prisoneris." Pitscottie's 
Cron. p. 240. Id. p. 244. 

The termination is the same with Belg. heyd, and 
nearly allied to Germ, heit, denoting quality, person, 
state, &c. 

MANI ABLE, ac^. That may easily be handled 
or managed. 

— *' The little booke, being eaten, giueth to the 
eaters a faculty to disceme the true church from the 
false ; — and this is by applying the rule and measure 
thereof, sound and straight as a reede, strong, apt, 
and maniable as a rod, and as Aaron his rod, which 
deuoured the rods of the enchanters." Forbes on 
the Revelation, p. 88. 

Fr. id. ''tractable, weildable,handlftable,**to. Cotgr. 
Makyied, M AivTiEDjjpor/.jMK. Hurt,&c.] Add; 
Mayne occurs in the same sense in O.E. *' 1 mayne, 
or I mayne one, I take the vse of one his lymmes from 
hym. — Je mekaigne,^^Bvit Mehaigner is Normante." 
Palsgr. B. iii. F. 286, b. 

MANITOODLIE, 8. ^ An affectionate term 
which nurses give to male children;'' Gall. Encyc. 
Teut. totel-manneken is the name given to those 
grotesque figures which form spouts in some old 
buildings. But this seems to be rather from "Mannie 
a dimin. from Man, and S. Toddle, a term applied to 
the motion of a child. 
To Mank, v. ». To fail, Aberd. * 
His cousin was a bierly swank, 

A derf young man, hecht Rob ; 
To mell wi' twa he wad na manh 
At staffy-nevel job. 
Christmas Ba'ing, Skinner^s Misc, Poet, p. 128. 
Teut. manck-en, deficere, deesse ; Kilian. 
Manx, adf. 1. Deficient, in whatever way, &c.] 

" Mr. Wodrow in his large^ but mank and partial 




History^ hath given the world to believe^ that these 
who disowned those tyrants authority^ and withdrew 
from the Indulged and their abettors, were not Pres- 
byterians, but as a sect of seditious schismaticks, &c. 
making their actings and sufferings to be a reproach 
to Presbyterians." M 'Ward's Contendings, xii. 
MAN-KEEPER, s. A designation ^ven to the 
newt, or S. esk^ by the inhabitants of Dumfr. 
and Roxb., because they believe that it waits 
on the adder to warn man of his danger. This 
may be supposed to originate from the great at- 
tachment which has been ascribed to this animal 
to the human race, and their antipathy to ser- 
pents. V. Hoffman, Lex. vo. Lacerta, 
To MANKIE, V' n. To miss, to fail, Meams. 
M AKKiE, s> At the game otpearSj or pearie^ when 
a pear misses its aim, and remains in the ring, 
it is called mankiey ibid. 

TT.manqU'er, to fail, to be defective; manque ^ defect. 
MANKIE, 8, The general name of the stuff 
properly called caUimanco, S. 
" Mankie, an ancient kind of worsted stuffy much 
glazed, worn by females." Gall. Encycl, 
MAN-MERROUR, s, A waster of men. 
— And a man^merror. 
An eviU wyffis mirrour. 

Colkeibie Som, F. i. v. 83. 
A.S. man'fnyrring, hominum dissipatio, jactura ; 
from man, and myrr-an, merr^an, dissipare; whence 
£. to marr, 
MAN-MUCKLE, adj. Come to the height of 

a full-grown male. Loth. 

. *' Item,a mannach of silver." Inventories, A.l *88> p'6. 
Perhaps a puppet^ or little man, xnade of silver ; 
q. Fr. mannequin. 

To MANNER, v. a. To mimic, to mock, Dumfr. 
Manmerin, 8, Mimicry, mockery, ibid. 

As would seem, from ttke E. or Fr.. noun ;^ q. to 
imitate one's manner, 

Then Androw Gray, wpooe ane horss, 
Betuixt the battillis red, 
Makand the signe of holy cross. 
In mannuf iuas he said. 

Batiell ofBalfinnes, Poems l6ih Cent, 353. 
For, he said. In manus iuas ; referring to the lan- 
guage of the Psalter, Psa. xxxi. 5. ^' Into thine hand 
I commit my spirit." 
MAN-MILN, Makn-hii^n, 8^ A hand-miln for 

' ^' Item, ane mann-miln for making of pootder, with 
thre mortaris, nyne pestellis wanting the kapis of 
brace." Inventories, A. 1566, p. 173. 

" Item, twa man. milnis for grinding of quheit." 
Ibid. p. 174. 

'^ Item, intheoverhall of the nedder bailye ane man 
myln with all hir ganging geir." Ibid, p^ 302. 

This might seem at first view to signify a miln 
which might be wrought by a man. But it is more 
probably formed in qonformity to the continental de- 
signations ; Fr. moulin d main ; Ital. mola di mano ; 
Hisp. muela di mano, i. e. a hand-miln^ 


It would appear that this old E. phrase for a law* 
yer was used also in S. 

— " Dauid Balfour of Carraldstoune wes man of 
lam for our said souerane lord in the said mater." 
Act Dom. Cone. A. 1491, p. 206. 

I need scarcely observe that this is the designation 
which had been common in the days of Chaucer. 
Hence, The Man of Lawes Tale. He is also called 
a Sergeant of the Lawe. 
MANNIE, Manny, s. A little man, S. 

*' At last and at lengthy up comes a decent, little 
auld manny, in a black coat and velveteen breeches, 
riding on a bit broken -kneed hirplin beast of a Hee- 
land powney," &c. Reg. Dalton, i. I9S. 
MANN 0, 8. A big man ; occasionally used in con- 
tradistinction from ManniCy a Hltle man, Aberd. 

Dr. Geddes viewed the letter as an ancient aug^ 
mentative in our language. 

*' Nor were the Scots entirely without augmenta* 
tives. These were formed by adding urn to adjec- 
tives, and o to substantives ; as, greatMxtx, goodum, 
keado, mano. — It is not many years ago, since I 
heard a farmer's wife laughing heartily at her neigh- 
bour, for calling a horse of the middle size a horsief 
* He is more like a horso,' said she." Trans. Antiq. 
Soc. i. 418. 

MANRENT, 8. Homage, feci Add; 
4. Improperly used to denote a bond of mutual 

defence between equals. 

^' It is from the mutual band, or contract, of fTiait- 
drey, that we have any light, either of the person to 
whom, or the tyme about which Sir Walter of New- 
bigging was marryed.— The band foUowes r 

*' Be it kend, &c. me. Sir Walter of Newbiggitig, 
and me, Sir David of Towie, for all the dayes of our 
lyves, to be obleidged and bound be the faith of our 
bodies and thir present letters in mandred, and sworne 
counsell as brothers in law, to be with one another in 
all actiones," &c. Memorie of theSomervilts, i. 74, 75; 

Mandred approaches most nearly to the A.S. and 
old E. form manred. Mandrey seems rather to have 
been a vulgarism. 

To Mak Manred or Manredyn, in the language of 
Barbour is merely the A-S. phrase ; Hi hadden hinx 
manred maked; iUi ei homagium praestiterant ; Chr. 
Sax. A. 1115. 
MANSING. In man8ing^ apparently in re-. 


— " The Lords found l^at the pursuer's gift being 
given in August, and bearing specially disposition 
of goods pertaining to the rebel, at the time of his 
rebellion, and of the gift which was granted within 
the year, could not extend to that wh^e year'is farm> 
but only to the half thereof, viz. to the WhitsundHy's 
term before the gift, and to the Martinnuis's term 
after the gift ; but the Lords found, that the farms 
of the rebel's own labouring pertained to the dona* 
tary ; and that the gift, albeit it was in August, ex- 
tended to the whole farms of that crop, which were 
in the rebel's hand in mansing, even as if he had died 
in August, not being rebel, the same would have 
pertained to his executors." Durjr's Decis. Feb. 2,. 
1627, p. 267. Hope's Mem. Pract p. 262-3, N. 

This 13 erroneously printed in Hope's Pract. Mans-K 
ing Even, as if some termpjr eve of a Fest;ival w^e 



nreiuit It is given correctly in Morison's Diet Dec.^ 
xii. p. 5075. 

It seems corr. from L.B. remansa, reliquium, re- 
siduum^ q. in rematisam. It mighty however^ signify 
the lands used as a demesne^ from L.B. mensa, quic- 
quid ^dmensam instruendam conducit;^f. 
V. Du Cange. Mension, depense ; Gl. Roquefort 
MANSS, s. A manor, a mansion-house ; used 

as synon. with maTisioune. 

'' That Dauid Lindesay— -has done na wrang in 
the occupacioune & raanurin of the thrid parte of 
the landis of Grestoune^ except the auld mansioune 
that William Inglis has in tak & twa akeris Hand 
besid the said manss; and in the vptakin of the malez 
tharof except the said maruM & akeris." Act Dom. 
Cone. A. 1490^ p. 149. 

L.B. manS'Ufn is used in this sense as maMum re^ 
gale. CastrumAlvecestre, regale tunc jwafwwwi. Jl/an- 
sum capUale, quod vulgo caput mansi, nostris ckefmez. 
Du Cange, Hence our Chemys, a manor-house. 

It seems most probable that hence the term manse 
has been conferred on a parsonage-house ; though 
it is supposed by some learned writers that it origi- 
nally denoted the land appropriated to a churchman. 
Ma^^tek, *. One who stutters in speech, S. 
Mantin\ 8» A stuttering in speech, S. 
MANTY, 8, A gown, S ; mantua^ E. 

*' She said to herself^ I wonder how my cousins 
silk manly y and her gowd watch, or ony thmg in the 
world, can be worth sitting sneering all her life in 
this little stifling room, and might walk on green 
braes if she liked." Heart M. Loth. iii. 883. 

Perhaps by a change of sense from Fr. manteau, 
a cloak. I cannot think with Mr. Todd, that £. Man- 
teau is directly from Gr. fuifiiftt, 

MANUARIE, tf. A factory. 

-»'' Or by making of societies and manvaries in 
all the principall burrowisfor making of stuffes and 
other waires,"&c. Acts Cha. I. Ed. 1814, V. 178. 

O.Fr. manoeuvre, ouvrage des mains, Roquefort ; 
^whence L.B. manuarius, operarius. I hesitate, how- 
ever, notwithstanding the aukwardness of the phrase, 
** making o£ tnanuaries/* whether it be not meant of 
providing manufacturers. 

MANUMENT, s. Management 

*' The saidis James and maister Jc^hne had the 
govemament and manument of his haill rentis, leving, 
andaffairis." Acts Ja. VL I6OO, Ed. 1814, p. 245. 

The only exa^iple I have observed of a similar 
term is in L.B. manumunit^us, rei demesticae admi- 
nistrator, procurator ; Du Cange. 

♦To MANUMIT, Manumiss, t.a. To confer 
a literary degree ; synon. to lautelde, 
"" 16S5. The 47th class, (some 45 in number), 
bred under Mr. Robert Rankin, were solemnly manu^ 
fnitted in the lower hall of the Colledge.'' Cf aufurd's 
Hist Univ. Edin. p. 126. 

" The 20th class — ^were manumitHd with tbe ma* 
gisteriall dignity, some 27 in number." Ibid. p. 65. 
* Manumission, s. Graduation. 

'' The disputation being ended,— >the Primar call* 
in^ the candidates before him, after a short exhor- 
tation to an vertuose and pious life, performeth the 



ceremony, by imposition of a bonnet (the badge of 
manumission) upon the head of every one of the can« 
didates." Ibid. p. 62. 

L.B. manumissio, licentiam, vel facultatem, dare 
aliquid faciendi. A person was, in this sense, said 
to be manumitted ad clericatum et tonsuram clerical 
lem ; a strange idea, as he was in fact merely per- 
mitted to wear a badge of slavery, as becoming, ac« 
cording to the language of our forefathers, one of the 
Pope's schavclings. Perhaps this term was transfer- 
red to graduation, because the person who received 
it was henceforth a Master, and supposed rather able 
to instruct others than in a state of subjection. 
To MAP, V. n. " To nibble as a sheep ;'" Avrs., 
61. Picken, Loth. Expl. ^^ to crumble a hard 
substance with the jaw-teeth," Gall. 
This would seem nearly allied to Mamp, v. 
Mapsie. *^ A pet-sheep, called so from its map^ 
mapping with its lips; young hares are also 
mapsies r Gall. EncycL 

This may be originally the same with E. to mop, to 
make wry mouths. It is by no means improbable, 
that, as Skinner thinks, Mop is the same with Mump, 
the m being ^ected, for the softer sound ; especially 
as Moup, Moop, is with us the term used instead of 
Mump, It is possible, however, that the origin is 
Su.G. mop'G illudere. 

M APPIE, 8. A term used in speaking to or call- 
ing a rabbit, Roxb. V. Map, v. 
MARB, 8. " The marrow," Ayrs. Gl. Picken. 
This word, which I have met with no where else, 
if given accurately, must be a corr. of C.B. mer id. 
or some similar term. 

MARBEL, adj. Feeble, inactive. Loth.] Add; 
GaeL metrhh, slow, weak ; meirbke, weakness, dul- 
ness ; marbh, dead, heavy, benumbed ; marhh^am, to 
kill ; marhh^an, a corpse. C.B. marw, to die, idso 
dead ; deduced by Owen from mar flat, laid down ; 
marmdatvl, deadening; marweidd'^dra, heaviness; 

S. Slow, lazy, reluctant^ -^7^* 
To Mabche, v. a. To distinguish boundaries 
by placing landmarks. 

** Tne Baillie ordanit the lynaris to pass to the 
ground of the said tenement, and lyne and marche 
the same." Aberd. Reg. A. 1541, V. 17- 
To Maach, Mebch, v.n. To be on the oon- 
fines of, to be closely contiguous to, to be bound- 
ed by, S. 

" There's a charming property, I know, to be sold 
just now, that marches with Glenfem." Marriage, 
ui. 311. 

" That—portion of the lordschipe of Dntnbar— 
merclui as eairfoUowes." Acts Cha. I. Ed. 1814,V.10d. 
March-balk, 8. The narrow ridge which some- 
times serves as the boundary between lands be- 
longing to different proprietors. 
** In regard the witness had deponed upon her 
tilling and riveing out the march-balk, they appoint 
Forrel — ^to visit it in the vacancy, ahd to consider the 
damage, and to report." Fountainhall, i. 224. 
Mabch-dike, 8. A wall separating one farm or 
estate from another, S. 
*^ In the moor country inclosing comprises diiefiy 



two objects : Ist^ To divide farms from each other 
by what is termed march^dykts" Agr. Surv. Gallo« 
way, p. 81. 

MARCHET, s. The fine, &c.] Add; 

The marckei, whatever was the origin of this badge 
of feudal bondage, was claimed at least as late as the 
year 1492. For in an act of this date, we find Ro- 
bert Mure of Rowalane and his son pursuing Archi- 
bald Crawfurd of Crawfurdland, " for the wrangwis 
spoliacioun, awaytakin & withhaldin frae thaim of 
certane hereyeldis, bludwetis & merchetis, as is con- 
tenit in the 8ummondis,"&c. Act.Dom.Conc. p. 291- 


The Druids, it is well known, made great use of 
the missel toe; and although, from its being unknown 
in S., there can be no superstitious appropriation of 
it, we find that its only substitute in this country is 
used in a similar manner. 

We learn from Pliny that " on the 6th of the March 
moon^ a priest, clad in white, climbed the tree, and 
cut the Misseltoe with a golden bill, and others in 
white standing round, received it ; after which they 
offered at their Carn-Fires with mirth.'* 

— " In the increase of the March Moon, the High- 
landers cut withes of the wood-bind that clings about 
the oak. These they twist into a wreath or circle, 
and carefully preserve it till the next March. And 
when children are troubled with hectick fevers, or 
when any one is consumptive, they make them pass 
through this circle thrice, by putting it over their 
heads, and conveying it down about their bodies. 
The like they do to cattle in some distempers. This 
I have often seen." Shaw's Moray, p. 232. 

MARCKIS POINT, the object directly aimed 
at, q. the bull's eye; a metaph<xr borrowed from 

— " John Knox dois not meit the heid of my par- 
tickle,—- quhairin (efter my iudgment) consistes the 
marckis point of tiie purpose." Ressoning betuix 
Crosraguell and J. Knox, £. iij. b. 
* MARE, Mair, adf. More, S.] Add; 
With the mare, a singular phraseology occur- 
ring in our old acts. 

— ■*' And als to refound and pay to the said Johne 
the males, proffitis, and dewiteis that he micht haue 
hald of the thrid parte of the saidis landis of thre 
yeris bigane, fviih the marCy extending yerely to vj 
merkis." Act Audit A. 1488, p. 114. 

— " For the wrangwis detentioune & witiihaldin 
fra hir of the malez & fermez of hir landis of Dauids- 
toune of thre yeris bigane with the mare, extending 
yerely to vj chalder of aitis," &c. Ibid. p. 115. 

It may signify more or less; or perhaps, " with the 
overplus," q. whatever more; as woidd seem to be its 
signification in the phrase,— '^ Dois wrang in the oc- 
cupatioune,lawboring, &manurin of viij akeris, rvith 
the mare, of the landis of Estir Cotis." Ibid. p. 132. 
But I have met with no parallel phrase in any other 

With the Mai/ seems to be used in the same sense. 

— " Johnne Mathesone spuilyeit & tuk fra him out 

of his maling of Kynnard v** ^five score] of yowis 

rvith the may, xxxj hoggis," &c. Ibid. A. 1494, p. 305. 

May signifies more in number. V. Ma. 


*MARE, Timber mabe, s. A military punish* 

" He causes put up betwixt the crosses a timber 
mare, whereon knaves and runaway soldiers should 
ride." Spalding, i. 227. V. Trein mare. 
MARE, s. A trough for carrying lime or mor« 
tar, &c.] Add; 

" I think I set my apron and my mare as weel as 

you your apparel." Tennant's Card. Beaton, p. 155. 

Marefu', s, Ahodfull,applied tolimeormortar,S.. 

" I've a marefu* o* as gude lime here as ever cam 

out o' a lime-kill." Ibid. 

MARE, s. A wooden frame which masons use 
as a support on which to rest a scaffold, Aberd.; 
also called a horse ; in E. a trest-Iiead, 
" The three were seated aloft on a high stage, 
prepared on purpose with two mares and scaffold- 
deals." Ann. of the Par. p. 295. 

Perhaps from its resemblance to the wooden mare 
used as a military punishment. 
* MARE. It is a singular superstition which pre- 
vails in the south of S., that if a bride ride home 
to the bridegroom^s house on a marCy her chil- 
dren will for many years (on this account) want 
the power of retention. 

" As soon as the bride was led into the house, old 
Nelly, the bridegroom's mother, went aside to see 
the beast on which her daughter-in-law had been 
brought home ; and p^ceiving it was a mare, she fell 
a crying and wringing her hands. I inquired witb 
some alarm, what was the matter. ' O dear. Sir,' re« 
turned she, ^ it's for the poor baimies that '11 yet hae 
to dree this unlucky mischance. Laike-a-day, poor 
waefu' brats ! they'll no be in a dry bed for a dozen 
o' years to come !" Edin. Mag. May 1817> p« 147- 
MAREDAY, *. A day consecrated to the Virgin, 
in the Popish calendar. V. Lettir maredat^ 
In another place, " the letter Maryday," it is said, 
is '' callit the nativite of our lady." Aberd. Reg. A. 
1538, V. 16. 

MAREILLEN, s. One of the names of the 
Frog-fish, Lophius piscatorius, on the Frith of 
Forth. V. MuLREiN. 
MARE-STANE, s. A rough stone, resembling 
the stone-hatchet in shape ; often one that has 
been taken out of the bed of a river^ and worn 
down by collision or friction, so as to admit of 
a cord oeing fixed round it, Angus. 
This is hung up in a stable ; being viewed by the 
superstitious as a certain antidote to their horses, 
being rode by the hag called the Mare, One of these 
I have in my possession, which was formerly ap« 
propriated to this important use. 
MARIES, s. pi The designation given to the 
maids of honour in Scotland.] Add; 
One of the oldest writers who uses this term i» 

'' He called vpoun his dochter Magdalene, the 
queine of Scotland, and caused hir pas to his wair- 
drop, — and take his stiekis of claith of gold, velvet 
and satines etc. as shoe pleased to cloath hir and hir 
maries, or any other tapistrie of paill or robbis that 
shoe could find in his wairdrop." Cron. p. S72-. 

M A R 


MARIKEN, Maeyskyn, skin, a dressed goat- 

" Mariken shines made in Scotland ilk hundred/' 
&c. Acte Ch«u ir. Ed. 1814, VII. 253. 

" Marekin skinnea." Rates, A. 1611. 

" Marikin skins." Rates, A. I67O, p. 76. 

•' iiij dosoun of mcnyshjn skynnes." — ^Afterwards, 
martfkyn skynnis. Aberd. Reg. A. 1548, V. 20. 

Fr. marroquin, '^ Spanish leather, made of goats' 
skins, or goats' leather not tanned, but dressed with 
galls ;" Cotgr. 

" That— William erle Marschell sail-pay to the 
9aid Johne lord Drummond the soume of J^ merkis 
—at the fest of Sanct Johne the baptist called mid- 
Bommer nixt tocura, 8c ane vther J^ merkis at the 
latter Marymess nixt thareflir," &c. Act. Dom. Cone. 
A. 1492, p. 265. V. also p. 266. 

This denotes the day appointed in the Roman ca- 
lendar for commemorating the nativity of the Vir« 
gin, September 8th, which was denominated the lat^ 
ter MarymesSy as distinguished from the day of her 
Assumption or Lady day, which falls on August 15th. 

" The provest, bailleis, &c. of Irwin hes bene ac- 
custumat thir mony yeiris bigane to haif twa fairis 
in the yeir to be haldln within the said burgh ; — ^the 
first fair beginnand vpoun the xv day of August, 
quhilk is ihejlrst Ladie day, and the nixt vpoun the 
viij day of September, quhilk is commonlie callit the 
letter Lady day, being only xxiij dayis betuix thame," 
&c Acts Ja. VI. 1578, Ed 1814, p. 103. 

Evidently from the Virgin's name, and S. mess, a 
mass, L.B. tnissa, A.S. maessa. 

We find the phrase indeed. On haerfeste tha ful- 
lan wucan aer Sanctam Marian maessan, expl. by J. 
Bromton, " In Augusto plena hebdomada ante fes- 
tam sanctae Mariae ; i. e. In August, a full week be- 
fore Marymess.'* V. Mareschall. Observ. in A.S, vers. 
p. 517. Bromton Chron. col. 826. 
MARYNAL, s, A mariner.] Add; 

*' A stout and prudent marinell, in^tyme of tem- 
pest, seeing but one or two schippis — ^pas through- 
out any danger, and to win a sure harborie, will have 
gud esperance, be the lyke wind, to do the same." 
Dr. M'Crie's Life of Knox, first Ed. p. 439. 
MARION, *, The Scottish mode of writing and 

pronounoing the name ^ariann^, the Mariamne 

of the Jews. 

Every one is acquainted with that fine old S. song; 
Will ye gang to the ewe-buchts, Marion 9 

MARY RYALL, the legal denomination of that 

silver coin of Q. Mary of Scotland, vulgarly de**" 

signed the Crock^Ume DoUar. 

*^ That thair be cunyeit ane penny of silvir callit 
the Mary Aya//,-— of weicht ane unce Troie weicht-*< 
havand on the ane syde ane palme^tree crownit," &c. 
Act Dom. Cone. A. 1 56^. Keith's Hist App. p. 1 1 8. 

** Queen Mary having returned home to Scotland 
in the year 156l ; and being married to Darnley, in 
four years after, these large pieces of money began 
to be coined among us, which were then called reals 
or royals, bat now crowns'* Buddiman's Introd. to 
Diplom. p. ISl. V. ScHELL-PADnocK^ and Ryal. 

MARY'S (St.) KNOT. To Tie mtk SU Mary'^ 

hmt^ to cut the sinews of the hams of an animal. 
Then Dickie into the stable is gane, — 

Where there stood thirty horses and three ; 
He has tied them a' wi' 8t. Mary's knot,* 
A' these horses but barely three. 
* Ham- stringed the horses, N. 

Poetical Museum, p. 27. 
How such a savage practice should have been de- 
nominated from her, who in these times was even by 
savages daily celebrated as Mater Graiiae, and Dul» 
cis Parens clementiae, is not easily conceivable. The 
designation must have originated with some of those 
ruthless marauders, who, from the constant use of 
the sword, had become so daring as even in some in- 
stances to cut the Gordian knot of superstition; and 
who over their cups might occasionally laugh at the 
matins and vespers of those whom they spoiled. 
MARITAGE, s. " The casualty by which the 
superior was entitled to a certain sum of money, 
to be paid by the heir of his former vassal, who 
had not been married before his ancestor'^s death, 
at his age of puberty, as the avail or value of 
his tocher ;^ Ersk. 

— '* That the — vassals, whose holding shall be 
changed, or who shall coropone for their maritage,'^ 
their heires and successours shall bruik their lands 
in all time thereafter, free of any such burden of ma- 
ritage." Acts Cha. I. Ed. 1814, VI. 332. 

L.B. maritag'ium. This is explained by Skene as 
equivalent to Dos, " tocher-gud," vo. Dos ; De Verb. 
Sign. This corresponds with the primary definition 
given by du Cange : Maritagium, donatio, quae a pa^ 
rente filio fit propter nuptias, seu intuitu matrimonii. 
He then refers to Reg. Maj, Lib. ii. c. 18. § 1. He 
afterwards limits the term ; Maritagium servitio oin 
noxium illud est quod datur cum speciali reservatione 
servitii debiti domino capital!. 

'' It was not the precise tocher which one got by 
his wife that fell to the superior as the single avau 
of marriage, but what his estate might have been rea* 
sonably supposed to entitle him to." Stair, ap. Ersk. 
B. ii. tit 5. § 2€. 

*M ARK, s. Consequence, importance Men of 
marky the same with the E. phrase, men of note. 
'* No lords, nor barons, advocates, clerks, or other 
men o£mark, had entry into this assembly." Spald« 
ing, i. 315. 

To MARK„ v.a. To set (on the ground) ; ap- 
plied to the foot, and conjoined with words 
meant to express whether the person be able to 
do so or not. 

'< He is sae weak that he canna mark a fit to the 
grund;" or, " He's beginnin' to recruit, for he can' 
now mark his fit to the grund ;" Clydes. 

Perhaps originally borrowed from the circumstance 
of one, who treads on the ground, leaving the mark 
or impression of his foot on it The v., however, 
may be here used as signifying to point, to direct^ 
the ground being the object in view ; in the same 
sense as it is said in other counties^ " He canna. point 
a fit to the grund." 

MARE, Merk, s. a nominal weight used iix 
Orkney.] Add ; — and Shetland^ 




Mark, it answers to their pound weighty but 
really containeth eighteen ounces." MS. £xpl. of 
Norish words. 
Marklakd, s. a division of land, S. 

" By a decree of the Exchequer (March 11, 1585), 
a 40 shilling (or 3 mark^land) of old extent (or 8 ox- 
gangs, should contain 104 acres. Consequently, 1 
tnerk-land should be 33 l-Sd. The denomination of 
mark-lands still holds in common use of speech ; and. 
In general, one mark-land may give full employ to 
one plough and one family in the more arable parts 
of the county." Agr. Surv. Argyles. p. 33, V. Merk, 
MARE, s, A denomination of Scottish money. 

V. Merk. 
Mark mark lyke, one mark for another, in 

equal quantities of money, penny for penny. 

" That the said — Macolme & Arthure sail pay 
in like proporcioune of the said annuel, efferand to 
the part of the land that ather of thaim has, mark 
mark lifke, comptand be the aid extent" Act. Dom, 
Cone. A. 1480, p. 71. V. Merk. 
MARK, ad/. Dark, S.B.I Add; 

It was sae mark, that i^the dark, 
He tint his vera sheen. 

Cock's Simple Strains, p. 120. 

" But what manners are to be expected in a coun- 
try where folks call a ploughsock a markal ?" The 
Pirate, ii. 104. 

This is expl. as if it signified the ploughshare. That 
this, however, is not the meaning will appear from 
Mercal, q. V. 
MARE xoE BURN, a phrase synon. with HiU 

nor Hairy S. 

" When one loses any thing, and finds it not again, 
we are said never to see mark nor bum of it ;" GalL 

Mactaggart seems to confine the original sense of 
the phrase to the burning of the sheep with a red hot 
iron on the horns and nose." But mark, I apprehend, 
is the same with tar^mark, or that made by ruddle. 
MARK o' MOUTH. 1. " A mark in the mouth, 

whereby cattle-dealers know the age of the ani- 
mal,'' S. Gall. Encycl. 

This in £. seems to be called " mark of tooth/' 
V. Johns, vo. Mark. 
ft. Transferred to persons advanced in life, S. 

'' Old maids are sometimes said to have lost^— 
mark o' mouth" Gall. Encycl. 

This, although oddly expl. by Mactaggart, refers 
to their loss of teeth. 
MARKSTANE, 8. A landmark, Galloway; 

synon. Marchstane. 

" Markstanes, stones set up on end for marks,*- 
that farmers might know the marches of their farms, 
andlairdathe boundaries of their lands." Gall.£ncycl. 
V. Marchstane. 
To MARLE, V. n. To wonder, corr. from Jfar- 

velf South of S. 

'^ I mar^ethe skipper took us on board, said Richie." 
Kigel, i. 79. 

MARLED, Mebled, Mirled, part, pa, 1. Va- 
riegated, mottled, S. ; as, ^* marled stockings,'' 


those made of mixed colours, twisted together 

before the stockings are woven or kmtted ; 

** marled paper," &c. 

" They delignt to weare marled clothes, specially 
that haue long stripes of sundry coloures ; they love 
chiefly purple and blew." Monipennie's S.Chron. p. 46. 
2. Chequered ; as, *^ a marled plaid," a chequered 

{>laid," Roxb. 
f not corr. from E. marbled, from O. Fr. marellet, 
marbr6, ray6, bigarr6 ; Roquefort. 
Marled salmon, a species of salmon. V. Ie8K-» 


MARMAID, &c. s. The Mermaid.] Add; 

The figure of the Mermaid, it appears, was some^ 
mes worn as an ornament of royalty. 

" Item, ane gryt targat with the marmadin, sett all 
with dyaraonttis, rubeis, and ane gryt amerant" 
Inventories, A. 1542, p. 65. 

That this was a representation of the sea^monster 
thus denominated, appears from another passage. 

" Item, ane bonet of blak velvott with ane tergat 
of the marmadin, hir tayll Ctail^ of dyamonttis, with 
ane rubie and table dyamont, sex settis of gold, with 
ane gryt rubie in every ane of thame, and xii settis 
with twa gryt perle in every ane of thame." lb. p. 68. 
MARR, s. An obstruction, an injury. 

— " Thereby we could do nothing but render our- 
selves a prey to the enemy, if not a marr to the Lord's 
work." Society Contendings, p. 66. 

Serenius derives the £. v. from A.S. mar, morbus, 
damnum ; but the only word he cati refer to is mara, 
the night-mare. The origin certainly is, as given by 
Johns., A.S. amyrr^an, or amerr-an, impedire. 

MARRAT,Marriot,«. Abbrev.ofJlfar^rf<,S. 
M ARREST, s. The same with Mares^ Marres. 

"— Togider with the — ^parkes, meadowes, mures^ 
mossis, marresis, commounties, pasturages," &c« 
Acts Cha. I. Ed. 1814, V. 14$. 

L.B. marist^us, palus. 

A variety of curious customs and superstitions still 
prevail in S. in regard to marriage, some of which 
evidently claim great antiquity, and may even be 
traced to the times of the ancient Romans^ or mani<* 
fest a striking resemblance. 

In Angus, the bride's furniture is sent to the bride^ 
groom's house a day or two before the wedding. A 
spinning-wheel and reel are considered as essential 
parts of this. Among the Romans, one thing indis- 
pensable in the procession of the bride was a distaff 
dressed up with a spindle and flax, as an emblem of 
her industrious disposition. 

If any part of the bride's furniture be broken in 
the removal or carriage, it is viewed as an omen of 
unhappiness in the connubial relation. 

In die same county, as soon iw the bride enters the 
house of the bridegroom, he leads her forward to 
the fire, and gives into her hands the tongs and crook, 
or instrument on which the pot for dressing food ia 
suspended. On this ocQ^sion, the Roman husband 
delivered the keys to his spouse. Both these cere* 
monies seem to denote the same thing, the manage* 
ment of household affairs. The Roman ladies also re* 
ceived from their husband Jire and water. Hence 



OWd^ speaking of the virtue of these two elements^ 
says that by means of them marriage is made : 

His nova fit conjux.— Fasti^ Lib. iv. 

The tongs and crook are emblems nearly allied ; 
the one being the instrument for managing^re^ and 
the other that for boiling water. By the way, I do 
not know whether there may not be some reference 
to this ancient matrimonial custom in S., in the com- 
mon idea that the tongs is the woman's weapon. 

The custom in Sweden, altliough differing in form, 
has a similar meaning. The bride is presented with 
locks and keys, as a S3rmbol of the trust committed to 
her in the management of domestic concerns. S3rm- 
bolo serarum el clavium sponsa materfamilias consti- 
tuitur, et pars potestatis ac rei domesticae adminia- 
trandae, bonorumque quae clavibus et sera claudiun- 
tur,diligens cura et fida custodia eicommittitur, quod 
etiam moribus Graecorum et Romanorum convenit. 
Nam apud Graecos xKui^x^, clavigera, dicebatur ma- 
terfamilias, eodem fine et usu ; ut notat Hesychius. 
Loccenii Antiq. Sueo-Goth. p. 106. 

In Angus, and perhaps in other northern counties, 
it is customary for the bridegroom to present the 
bride with a pair of pockets, made of the same cloth 
as liis own wedding-suit ; these are never sent empty. 
If the bridegroom can afford it, they contain every 
species of coin, current in the country, even down to 
the farthing. The money is generally the freshest 
that can be got 

This custom might have the same origin with that 
of the Germans who were of the same stock with the 
Goths. Among them, the wife brought no dowry 
to her husband, but the husband gave a dowry to his 
wife. Dotem non uxor marito, sed uxori maritus of- 
fert. Tacit de Mor. Germ. Or it may correspond 
to the arrkae, the earnests, or as one would say in 
the language of S., the arles, sent by the bridegroom 
to the bride before marriage. V. Rosin, p. 423. Per- 
haps, the custom established in one part of Britain, of 
wedding with the ring, may be traced to this source. 
The Roman women wore it, as with us, on the third 
finger. For this custom they assigned the following 
reason ; that there is a vein in this finger which com- 
municates with the heart They also called it the me^ 
dicmal finger. Ibid. 

The bride presents the bridegroom with his mar- 
riage-shirt This is generally preserved for what 
is called a dead'-shirt, or that which is to be put on 
him after death. The only reason of this may be, 
that it is generally finer than the rest of their linen. 
It is possible, however, that the custom may have 
originated from a religious motive, in order to im- 
press the mind with a sense of the uncertainty of all 
numan felicity. 

Although it was customary among the Germans 
for the newly-married wife to make a presentto her 
husband, it was not of ordinary dress, but of a piece 
of armour. Invicem ipsa, adds Tacitus, armorum 
aliquid viro offert. Among the Goths the bride made 
a present to the bridegroom. V. Pinkerton's En- 
quiry, i. 393. 
Rain, on a wedding-day, is deemed an unlucky omen. 
*' Oh, my heart's blythe,' said she to Winifred, 
to seethe sun shine sae brightly; for rain's no canny, 
on a wedding-day." Llewellyn, iii. 283. 


It is singular that the omen should be inverted in 
regard to death. Hence the old distich; 

Happy is the corpse the sun shines on. 
But happier is the corpse the rain rains on ; 

Or as it is otherwise expressed ; 

Happy the bride the sun shines on. 
And happy the corpse the rain rains 6n. 

'^ 1 have repeatedly heard the following rhymes, 
on the occasions to which they refer : 
West wind to the bairn 

When ga'an for its name ; 
And rain to the corpse 

Carried to its lang hame. 
A bonny blue sky 

To welcome the bride. 
As she gangs to the kirk, 
Wi' the sun on her side." 

Edin. Mag. Nov. 1818, p. 412. 
Mr. Allan-Hay has mentioned a superstition, in 
regard to marriage, which, I suppose, is confined to 
the Highlands : 

" As the party leaves the church, the pipes again 
strike up, and the whole company adjourns to the 
next inn, or to the house of some relation of the 
bride's ; for it is considered unlucky for her own to 
be the first which she enters." Bridal of Cablchaim, 
N. p. 312. 

MARROW, s. S. One thing that matches an- 
other.] Add; 

An' wi' the laird o* Caimyhowes, 

A curler guid an' true, 
Good Ralph o' Tithesbore, an' Slacks, 
Their marrows there are few. 

Davidson's Seasons, p. 164« 

4. A person who is eaual to another, S. 

6. Any thing exactly like another, S. ; as, " Your 

i'oktaleg^s the very marrow o' mine ; or, " our 
mives are juist marrows.'" 
Mab&ow, adf. Equal, so as to match something 
of the same kind. 

'* At my being in England I bocht sevintene pece 
of peril, and, as said is, at capitane Brucis returning 
bak to England I ressavit of the marrow gamissing 
of thir fourtene pece thre chattonis, quhilk makis 
xvii in the haill." Inventories, A. 15S5, p. S20. 

To Marrow, v. a. 2. To associate with. "^Add; 

*' That thir lordis vnderwritten be nemmit and 
put for keping of the quenis grace, or ony tua of 
thaim quarterlie, & ane to be put and marrowU to 
thaim by my lord gouemour at hia plesoure." Acts 
Mary, 1^42, Ed. 1814, p. 414. 
To Marrow, v. n. To co-operate witb others ia 


^' To marrow and nychtbour with wtheris, as thai 
wald ansur to the king & tone [[toun^ thairupoun." 
Aberd. Reg. A. 1538, V. 16. 
Marrowless, adg. 1. Without a match. 

5. Applied to two things of the same kind, that 
do not match with each other ; as, ^^ ye hae on 
marrrowlesa hose^ S. 

Marrowschtp, 8. Association. 

" Throucht fait of marrowschtp or insufficient 
nychtbourschip.'* Aberd. Reg. Cent l6. 



^^ Throw wanting of sufficient tnarrowsckip," 
Aberd. Reg. A. 1545, V. I9. 
MAR'S YEAR, a common periphrasis among 
the vulgar for distinguishing the rebellion in fa- 
vour of the Stuart family, in the year 1715, S. 
This is also called the Ff/Jieen, and Shirra- 
muir, V. Sherra-moor. 
It has received this denomination from the Earl 
of Mar, who took the lead in this insurrection, and 
commanded the rebel army in Scotland. 
MART, s. 1. A cow, &c. killed and salted for 

winter provision, S.] Insert^ as sense 
St. A cow killed at any time for family use, Aberd. 
Add to etymon ; 
As mart denotes a cow in Gael., it has been sup- 
posed that this gives the proper origin of the S; term. 
But as it occurs in no other dialect of the Celtic, 
as far as I can find^ except the Irish, (which is indeed 
the same language,) and even in it limited, both 
by Lhuyd and O'Brien, to the sense of Beef, mart 6g 
and oginhari, signifying a heifer; lam convinced that 
it is not to be viewed as an original Gael, word, de- 
noting the species ; but that it has been borrowed as 
a denomination for a cow appropriated for family use. 
To MARTERYZE, v. a. To butcher. 

" Men of valour — before were wont to fight va- 
liantly and long with the sword and launce, more for 
the honour of victory, then for any desire of shed- 
ding of blood : but now men are marteryzed and cut 
downe at more thanbalfe a mile of distance by those 
furious and thundering engines of great cannon, that 
sometimes shoote fiery bullets able to burne whole 
cities, castles, houses or bridges, where they chance 
to light" Monro's Exped. P. II. p. 151. 

Teut. marter-en, excarnificare, affligere, excruciare; 
vulgo martor-iare, & martyriz-are ; Kilian. V. Mar- 
tyr, V, 

MARTH, *. Marrow, Ettr. For. 

" Twa wanton glaikit gillies, I'll uphaud,' said 
Pate ;— ' o'er muckle Tnartli i' the back, an meldar i' 
the bruisket." Perils of Man, i. 55, 

Corr. from A.S. mearh, merih, id. 
MARTY, s. Apparently a house-steward. 

" 1655 — ^Walter Compbeil captain and Marty of 
Skipness." Houshold Book of Argyll. 

Ir. Gael, m^ror, a steward, and tigh, ty, a house. 

3, after extract from Gay's Trivia, insert ; 

The same mode of prognostication was taken no* 
tlce of long before by Ben Johnson : 

" O here, St. Swithins, the xv day, variable wea- 
ther, for the most part raine :— why, it should raine 
forty daies after ; now, more or lesse, it was a rule 
held before I was able to hold a plough." Every 
Man out of his Humour. 

The vulgar in England give the following tradi« 
tionary account of the reason of the rainy weather at 
this season. St Swithin had given orders that his 
body should be interred in a particular spot His 
friends, for what reason is not known^ not choosing 
to comply with the injunction of the saint, set out 
to bury him in another place. He, as may well be 
supposed, was so highly offended at this mark of dis- 
obedience, that he deluged them, while on their way, 
with such torrents of rain, that they were under a 


necessity of relinquishing their purpose for that day. 
On the second, their attempt was defeated by the 
same means. In short, they continued in their ob« 
stinacy, still repeating the former insult^ till after 
forty days trial, being convinced that it was vain to 
contend with a saint who had the elements so much 
under his controul, they gave him his own way. As 
soon as Swithin's body was deposited in the place 
which he had pointed out, he was appeased ; not so 
completely, however, that he should not occasionally 
remind the descendants of these obstinate people of 
the permanency of his power. 

Camden, in his Britain, having mentioned thif 
saint, Holland has the following note : 

" Bishop here (at Winchester) in the 9th century. 
He sUll continues of greatest fame, not so much for 
his sanctity, as for the rain which usually falls about 
the feast of his translation in July, by reason the sun 
is then cosmically with Praesepe and Aselli ; noted 
by ancient writers to be rainy constellations, and not 
for his weeping, or other weeping saints, Margaret 
the Virgin, Mary the Virgin, whose feasts are short- 
ly after, as some superstitiously credulous have be« 
lieved." Brit i. l6'9, N. 

In a very ancient vellum calendar, written 1544, 
in some of the northern counties of England, St Swi» 
thin, is represented with a horn as his badge. Ibid« 
ii. 292. As this has been often used as the symbol of 
drinking, the appropriation of it might respect the 
vulgar designation of the saint 

To MARTYR, v. a, 2. One is said to be mar. 
tyriti when "sore wounded or bruised," tsiQj\Add; 
" Bot this William Meldrum of Bines was evill 
martyred, for his hochis war cutted, and the knoppis 
of his elbowis war strikin aff, and was strikin throw 
the bodie, so thair was no signe of lyffin him." Pit- 
scottie's Cron. p. 306. 

This is undoubtedly the same " Squyer Meldrum, 
vmquhile Laird of Cleische and Birmis," whose his* 
tone is recorded by Sir David Lyndsay. His ene* 
mies, he says, 

— -Xi^ame behind him cowartlie. 
And hackit on his kockU and theis. 
Till that he fell upon his kneis, &c. 

Chalm, Lyndsay f ii. 297- 
MARTLET, s. A martin. 

" Martlet, more commonly Mertrick, a kind of 
large weesel, which bears a rich fur." Gl. Sibb. 

MARVAL, s. Marble, Ayrs., GI. Picken^ 

This must be viewed as a provincial corruption* 
M AS AR, s* A drinking cup. 

" Item foure masaris caUit King Robert the Brocis, 
with a cover." Inventories, p. 7. 

" Item the hede of silver of ane of the covens of 
Tfiasar" Ibid. p. 8. 

Janus Dolmerus, in his Notes to the Jus AuUcum 
Norvegicum, p. 46 1, says that cups made of maple 
were in ancient times held in great estimation ampng 
the Norwegians ; Ap. Du Cange. 

It must be acknowledged that the learned Da 
Cange, on the authority of an old Lat and Fr. Glos- 
sary, supposes that masar cups are the same with 
those which the Latins caUed Murrhina ; for in this 
Gl. Murrha is expl. Hanap de madre. Murha, ac- 
cording to some, uenoted agate ; according toothers. 


M A S 

porcelain* But I <jan see no proof of a satisfactory 
nature in support of either of these opinions. 

Mr. Pinkerton has the following remark on Afo^ 

" Besides plate^ mazer cups are mentioned by the 
Scotish poets. This substance^ corresponding with 
the French madre, appears to be china, or earthen 
ware, painted like the old vases ridiculously ascribed 
to Raphael." Hist i. 4>3$, N. 

But Fr. madre is defined by Cotgr. *' a thicke- 
streaked graine in wood." And the value of the dish 
seems to have depended on the beauty of the varie- 
gation. Madre, at any rate, does not seem to be the 
correspondent term. If we trust Palsgrave, our old- 
est French Grammarian, it is masiere; and he gives 
such an account of it, as to exclude the idea of its 
being of earthen ware. He also affords us a proof 
of the term being used in O.E. " Masar of woode ; 
f Fr.] masiere, hanap." B. iii. F. VI, b. 

It had been known in England so late as the age 
of Beaumont and Fletcher : 

Dance upon the mazer's brim. 
In the crimson liquor swim. 

Falentinian, p. 1398. 
Drinking cups of this kind had been common a- 
mong the Gothic nations. Isl. Mausur boUt,- i. e. a 
maser homl, is given by Verelius as syn(m3nnou8 with 
Sw. masarund dryckeskop, and explained, Poculus ex 
betula adultiori, nodosiori, adeoque duriori confeo- 
tus; Ind. p. I7K 
MASCKOP, s. An herb. 

^* Argentina, the mascrep,'^ Wedderb. Vooab. p. 1 9. 
In a later Ed. mascropt. 

I find the name Argentina given to the Potentilla, 
Anaerina, (£. silverweed, or Wild Tansey) Linn. 
Flor. Saec. N. 452. Or shall we view this as corr. 
from E. Master^wwi, which Skinner expl. Angelicae 

M ASE, $. A kikid of net, with wide meshes, 
made of twisted straw ropes ; used in Orkney. 
It is laid across the back of a horse, for fasften- 
ing on sheaves of corn, hay, &c. also for sup- 
porting the cMsieSy or straw-baskets, which are 
I)orne as panniers, one on each side of a horse. 
It is most probably denominated from its form ; 
Sa.G. maska, Dan. mask, Teut. mascke^ signifying, 
macula retis, the tnesh of a net. 
MASER, Mazes, Ss Maple, a tree.] Jddi 
MaseR) Mazer-dish, s. A drinking vessel made 
of maple, S. 

Masur in Sw. denotes a particular kind of birch. 
9. Transferred to a cup or bowl of metal. 

'' Ane silver masar of the weycht of xv vncc ft a 
half." Aberd. Reg. 

" Ane siluer maiser with ane cop of tre, oontenand 
ten wnces of siluer." Ibid. A. lS4s5, V. 10. 
MASH-HAMMER, 9. A large weighty ham- 
mer for breaking stones, &c. Aberd. 
MASHLtCH (gutt.), s. Mixed grain, generally 

pease and oats, Banffs. V. Mashlin. 
MASHLIN, &c. 3. 1. Mixed grain, S.] Add; 
Palsgrave mentions masclyne come, although with- 
out giving any explanation ; B. iii. F» 47* But it is 
undoubtedly the same word. 
Vol- II. 106. 

It seems certain, indeed, that the TeuL term is 
from the v. signifying to mix. For the synon. of 
masteluyn is misteluyn, misscfUebtyu, evidently from 
misschd-en miscere. 

Mashlach, ad^. Mingled, blended, S.B. 
An' thus gaed on the mashlach feght ; 
To cawm them a' John Ploughman heght, &c. 

Taylor's S. Poems, p. 25. 
Mashlock, s. The name given to a coarse kind 
of bread. 

— '' ril sup ye in crowdy, and ne'er mint at bak- 
ing another bannock as lang's there's a mouthfu' o' 
mashlock (bread made nearly all of bran) to be had 
in the township." St. Johnstoun, ii. 37. 
Mashlum, adj. Mixed, applied to grain, S. 

*' Let Bauldie drive the pea^e and bear meal to 
the camp at Drumclog — ^he's a whig, and was the 
auld gudewife's pleughman. The mashlum bannocks 
will suit their moorland stamachs weel." Tales of 
my Landlord, iii. 147j 148. V. Mashlin. 
Mashlum, s. A mixture of any kind of edibles, 

To MASK, V. a. To catch in a net.] Add ; 
Mask, s, A term used to denote a crib for catch- 
ing 6^, as synon. with cruive. 
^* All sic cruives and maskis (mcuihijuie pUcariaeJ, 
and heckis thairof, sail have at the leist twa inche^ 
and thre inche in breidth, swa that the smolt or fry 
may frelie swim upand down the water, without ony 
impediment*" Balfour's Pract. p. 543. 

This seems merely an oblique sense of the term 
as properly signifying the mashes of a net. 
To MASK, V. a. To infuse.] Add; 

" Lay them into a tub like unto a brewing-keave, 
wherein brewers mask their drink." Maxwell's Sel. 
Trans, p. 352. 

-^-'' I hope your honours will tak tea before you 
gang to the palace, and I maun go and mask it for 
you." Wavcrley, ii. 299. 

To Mask, v. n. To be in a state of infu^on, S. 
'' While the tea was masking, for Miss Mally said 
it would take a long time to draw, she read to him 
the following letter." Ayrs. Legatees, p. 181. 
Mask-fat, s, A vat for brewing, S. 

** John Lindesay — sail— restore— a kow of a de- 
force, a salt mert, a mask Jot," &c. Act. Dom. Cone. 
A. 1479, p- S3. 

Maskim^runo, «• 1. A long round stick used in 
stirring malt in masking, S.B. 

Auld Kate brought ben the maskin rung. 

Syne Jock flew till't wi* speed, 
Gae Wattie sic an awfu' fung 
That maistly dang 'im deiui. 

Coci^s Simple Strains, p. 136. 
MASKENIS, s. pL Apparently, masks or visors, 
used in a m&squerade. 

'^ Fyve masking garmentis of crammosie satine, 
freinyeit with gold, & bandit with claith of gold ; 
Sex maskenis of the same, pairt of thameuncompleit" 
Inventories, A. 1578, p. 237- 

Fr. masquine, ** the representation of a lion's head, 
&c upon the elbow or knee of some old-fashioned 
garment ;" Cotgr. Hence it has been used to denote 
any odd face used on a visorh 



M A U 

MASLE, s. Mixed grain ; E. maslin. 

" Similago masie, or mong-com." Wedderb. Vo* 
cab. p. 21. V. Mashlin. 

Similago is not the correspondent term^ as this de- 
notes fine meal. 
MASS, s. Pride, haughtiness, self-conceit; Ettr. 

Massie, Massy, adf. Full of self-conceit or self- 
importance, and disposed to brag, Berwicks., 


This seems to be the sense in the following pas- 

" I can play with the broadsword as weel as Cor- 
poral Inglis there. I hae broken his head or now^ 
for as massy as he's riding ahint us." Tales of my 
Landlord, iii. 20. 

■ " I sat hinging my head then, an' looking rery 
blate, but I was unco mass^ for a' that." Brownie 
of Bodsbeck, ii. 25. • 

" I was a massy blade that day when I gaed o'er 
Craik-Corse riding at my father's side." Perils of 
Man, ii. 229- 

Fr. massif, Teut. Sw. id,, firm, strong, unbroken; 
transferred to the mind.. 
MASSIMORE, s. The dungeon of a prison, 

&c.] Add; 

Grose gives a different orthography, in his descrip- 
tion of Crighton Castle, Edinburghshire. 

" The dungeon called the Mas-More is a deep hole, 
with a narrow mouth. Tradition says, that a person 
pf some rank in the country was lowered into it for 
irreverently passing the castle without paying his 
respects to the owner." Antiq. of Scotland, i. 55. 

I am informed by a learned friend, that " MaZ" 
morra is at this day the common name in Spain for 
a dungeon." 

The term max, which as used by Roman writers 
seems to have assumed the form of Massa, was used 
in the Moorish territories at least as early as the third 
century. For the designation of Massa Candida was 
given to a place at Carthage into which, during the 
reigns of the persecuting emperors, the christians, 
who would not sacrifice to their gods, were preci- 
pitated. It was a pit full of chalk, whence called 
the while pit. Prudentius refers to it, Peristeph. 
Hymn. 4. 

Candida Massa dehincdici meruit per omne seclum. 
V. Du Cange, vo. Massa, 6. 
MASTER, s. Stale urine. V. Maisteb. 
MASTER^TREE,*. The trace-tree or ^m^- 

tree which is nearest the plough in Orkn. Thb 

in Lanarks. is called the threep-tree. 
MASTER- WOOD, s. The principal beams of 

wood in the roof of a house, Caithn. 

— ^^ The tenant being always bound to uphold the 
original value of the masler-wood, as it is termed*" 
Agr. Surv. Caithn. p. 30. 
MAT, Mot, aua:. v. May.] Add ; 

It occurs in the form of mote in one of the oldest- 
specimens of the E. language. 

£ft he seyde to hem selfe. Woe mole ye worthen 

That the toumbes of profetea tildeth vp heighe. 

P. Ploughmanes Crede, D. ij. a.. 

" May yio be to you," or *' befal you " 


MATED OUT, exhausted with fatigue, Roxb. 

V. I^Cait. 
MATHER-FIP, s. The fill of the dish deno^ 
minated a mathery Galloway. 
The laird o' Mum field merry grew. 

An' Maggy Blyth was fainer^ 
An' Michael wi' a ma/Aer-fu', 
Crys " Welcome to the manor.'* 

Davidson's Seasons, p. 89. 
V. M^nnER, Madders-full. 
MATHIT, part, pa. Mathit on moti. 
The silly pig to reskew 
All the samyn are thay met trew ; 
Be than wes mathit on mold 
Als mony as thay wold. 

Colkelbie Sow, F. i. v. 414. 
This should undoubtedly be machxt, i. e. " match* 
ed," or pitted against each other '' on the field." 
MATTY, 8. The abbrev. of the female name of 
Martha^ S. 

Fraunces gives *' Mailkyn or Marvt^' for " MatiU 
dis; Matilda." Prompt. Par v. 
MATTIE>*. Ahhrev.ot Matthew. '' Maitie Ir. 

ving called Meggis MattieP Acts iii. 392. 
Ta MATTLE at, v. a. To nibble, as a lamb 
does grass, Teviotdale. 

Isl. miatl-a detrahere parum, miall parva iterata 
detractio. Mootle, id. Loth. 
MAUCH,Mach,Mauk, «. A maggot, S.] ^(U;: 
The cloken hen to the midden rins, 
Wi' a' her burds about her, fyking fain. 
To scrape for mauks. Davidson's Seasons, p. 5^ 
This term is used pro vorbially— perhaps in allusion 
tathe feeble life of a maggot — ^^ As dead's a monk'' 
, O man, pray look what ails my watch. 
She's faintit clean away. 
As dead's a mauk, her case is such. 
Her pulse, see, winna play- 

A. Scott's Poems, p. £00. 
*' O.E. Make or maggot worme. Taxinus. Ci«. 
mex." Prompt. Parv. 
MAUCH, Mawch (gutt), 8. 1. Marrow, Fife ; 

the same with Maichy Angus. 
S. Power, pith, ability, ibid. 

Ant Su.G. magra, A.S. mag^^n, valere* 
MAUCH Y,ad/. Dirty, filthy^ S.] Add; 

It is probable, however, that tlus is originally the 
same with Yorks. "mawkie, full of maddo<^ ;" Clay., 
i. e. maggots. 

M AUGHT, M AUGHT, jpar^. aeU. 1. Tired, worn 
out, so as to lose all heart for going on with 
any business, Roxb. 
2. Puzzled, defeated, ibid. 

Evidently the same with Mait, Mate, with the in« 
teijection of the guttural. 

Its black effeets ye'U shortly fin'. 
Whan maughlless ye'U be hud 
Some waefii' night. 

Cock^s Simple Strains, p. 127. -^ 
MAUD, 8. A grey striped, olwd, of the kinit" 
commonly worn by shepheras in the south of 
S. This seems the proper orthography. 

M A U 

M A U 

^* Besides the natural produce of the country, 
sheep wool, skins, yam, stockings, blankets, mauds 
(plaids), butter, cheese, coal, ]ime, and free8tone> 
are considerable articles of commerce; and some 
advances have lately been made to establish a few 
branches of the woollen manufactures at Peebles." 
Armstrong's Comp. to Map of Peebles, Introd. 

" He soon recognised his worthy host, though a 
ffiaud, as it is Called, or a grey shepherd's plaid, sup* 
plied his travelling jockey coat, and a cap, faced with 
wild-cat's fur, more commodious] y covered his ban* 
daged head than a hat would have done." Guy Man- 
nering, ii. 50. 

A mated, red check'd, wi' fringe and dice. 
He o'er his shoulders drew. 

Linfoun Green, p. 12. V. Maad. 
MAVIS, s. A thrush. Tardus musicus, Linn., S. 

This is an 0.£. word ; but although obsolete in 
South Britain, it is the common name, and almost 
the only one known among the peasantry in S. 

MAVIS-SKATE, May-skatk, s. The Sharp- 
nosed Ray. V. Friar-skate. 
Maukie, adf. Full of mag^ts, S. 
M AUKiNEss, s. The stateof beingf ull of maggot8,S. 

MAUKIN, Mawkin, s. 1. A hare, S.] Add; 

** The country people arc very forward to tell us 
where> the maukin is, as they call a hare, and are 
pleased to see them destroyed, as they do hurt to 
ikteif cale-yards." Burfs Letters, i. 164. 
S. Used proverbially. ** The maukin was gaun 

up the hill ;^ i. e. matters were succeeding, 

business was prospering, Roxb. 

This proverb refers, it would seem, to the fact in 
natural history, that as the hind legs of a hare are 
longer than the foT«, it always chuses to run up hill, 
by which the speed of its pursuers is diminished, 
while its own remains the same. In this direction, 
it has, of consequence, the best chance of escaping. 
V. Goldsmith's Anim. Nat. iii. 121. 

MAUKIN, s. A term used in Roxb. t6 denote 
a half-grown female, especially when engaged as 
a servant for li^htet work ; e. g, ^' a lass and a 
maukin^ a maid-servant and a girl to assist her. 
I cannot view this word as originally the same 
with that signifying a hare ; for there is no link be- 
tween the ideas. It might be deduced from Su.G. 
make, socius, a companion. But as Moe8.G. mafrs 
signifies pUella, Dan. moe, Isl. mey, a virgin ; it may 
be a diminutive, the termination Hn being the mark 
of diminution. But we may trace it directly to Teut 
maeghdeken, virguncula, a little maid ; which has been 
undoubtedly formed as a dimin. from maeghd, virgo, 
puella, by Uie addition of ken or kin, 

MAULY, s. The same with Malifuj; «* a fe- 

male without energy," Aberd. 
To MAUN, V. a. To attain, to be able to ac- 
complish, South of S. 
E'en some o' thy unequall'd Ian', 
Whare hills like heav'n's Strang pillars stan'. 
Rough Mars himsell could never maun, 

Wi' a' the crew 
O' groosome chaps he cou'd comman'. 

Yet to subdue ! T. Scotfs Poems, p. 550. 


Isl. megn-a, valeo effioere, poUere ; a derivative 
from mcta, meg^a, valere, Moes.G. A.S. mag-nn, &c. 
Hence Isl. megn, vires. V. Man, v. 
To MAUN, V. n. To shake the head, from palsy, 


I see no terms to which this can be allied, unless 
perhaps Su.G. men debilitatus, men^a impedire ; Isl. 
mean, impedimentum, meintak violenta attrectatio 
membrorum tenerriraorum, meintak-a, violenter tor- 
quere membra ; Haldorson. Thus it seems to claim 
affinity with S. Manyie, a hurt or maim, q. v. 

To MAUN, V. a. To command in a haughty 
and imperious manner; as, ^^ Ye maunnamatm 
me C ** Sho^s an unco maunin wife ; sho gars 
ilka body rin whan sho cries las ;" Clydes. 
This, I suppose, is merely a peculiar application 
of the auxiliary and impersonal v. Maun, must ; as 
denoting the assumption of such authority as implies 
the necessity of giving obedience on the part of the 
person to whom the term is addressed. It resembles 
the formation of the French v. tutoyer, from the pro- 
noun tu, thou. 

MAUN, aiur, v. Must.] Add; 
Maun A, must not, from maun and the negative, na. 
But a bonnie lass mauna be pu'd till she's ripe. 
Or she'll melt awa like the snaw frae the dyke. 
Remains Nitksdale Song, p. 108. 
" I mauna cast thee awa on the corse o' an auld 
carline." Black w. Mag. Aug. 1 820, p. 5 1 5. 
Maun-be, s. An act of necessity, Clydes. V. 

MoN, V. 
MAUN. Mtickle mauUf Meikle maun,^ Add,- 

Uncanny nicksticks 

»- Aften gie the majdens sick licks. 
As mak them blyth to screen their faces 
Wi' hats and muckle maun bon-graces. 

Fergusson's Poems, ii. 68. 
Was ye e'er in Crail town ? 
Did ye see Clark Dishingtown ? 
His wig was like a drouket hen« 
And the tail o't hang down. 
Like a meikle maun lang draket gray goose-pen. 
Sir John Malcolm, Herdts Coll, ii. 99. 
To MAUNDER, v. n. To talk incoherently^ 
Ettr. For. ; Maunner^ Ayrs. 
'* Brother, ye're maunnering ;— >I wish ye would 
be still and compose yoursel." Sir A.Wylie, iii. 286* 
Slawly frae his hame he wanners, 

Slawly, slawly climbs a brae, 
Whare nae tell-tale echo mauners, 
Ance to mock him when sae wae. 

T. Scott's Poems, p. 368. 
^* While her exclamations and howls sunk into a 
low, maundering, growling tone of voice, another per- 
sonage was added to this singular party." Tales of 
my Landlord, 2 Ser. iii. 98. 

Expl, " palavering ; talking idly ;'^ Gl. Antiq. 
I have sometimes been disposed to view the S. 
▼. tomauner as the same with the E. v. to maunder, to 
murmur, to grumble. But there is no analogy in 
sense ; and it seems far mote probably corr. from 
meander, as denoting discoiurse that has many wind- 
ings in it Perhaps Maundrels ought to be traced 
to the same origin. 

M A U 


Maunnering, s. Incoherent discourse, Ayrs. 

*' Having stopped some time^ listening to the cu« 
rious maunnering of Meg, I rose to come away ; but 
she laid her hand on my arm^ saying, ' No^ Sir^ ye 
maun taste before ye gang." Annals of the Parish. 
MAUNDREL, $. A contemptuous designa* 

tion for a foolish chattering or gossiping per-- 

son ; sometimes " ahaiverin inaundrel^ Loth., 


'« What's that ?' what's that ? said he, ' O just a 
bit mouse- web, Sir ; the best thing for a* kin kind 
6* wounds and bruises, * Haud your tongue, 

maundrel/ cried the surgeon, throwing the cob* 
web on the floor, and applying a dressing." Saxon 
and Gael, iii. 81. 
To Maundrel, v. n. To babble ; to play the 

maundreU Clydes. 
MAUNDRELS, s. pl.\ Add; 
S. Vagaries ; often used to denote those of a per- 
son in a fever, or in a slumbering state, Fife. 
M AUSE, 8, One abbrev. of Magdcden^ S. 
MAUT, a. Malt, S. 

The maut is said to be aboon the meal, S. Prov., 
when one gets drunk, as intimating that he has a 
larger proportion of drink than of solid food. 
Syne, shortly we began to reel. 
For now the maut's aboon the meal. 

W. Beaiti^s Tales, p. 18. 
Fare ye weel, my pyke-staff, 
Wi' you nae mair my wife I'll baff ; 
The malt's aboon the meal the night 
Wi' some, some, some. Herd^s ColL ii. 225. 

" Malt abune the meal, expresses the state of slight 
intoxication, half seas over ;" Gl. Antiq. 

'^ The maks above the meal with you, S. Prov. ; that 
is. You are drunk ;" Kelly, p. 320. 
Maut-siller, 8, 1. Literally, money for mcdt^ S. 
S. Most frequently used in a figurative sense ; as, 

** That's ill-paid maiU-^Uler r a proverbial phrase 

signifying tnat a benefit has been ill requited, S. 

Probably in allusion to the fraud of a maltster, 
who, after making use of the grain received from a 
farmer, denied his obligation^ or quarreled about the 
stipulated price. Sometimes, if I mistake not, it is 
used in another form, although in the same sense ; 
*' Weel ? ye've gotten your maut-siUer, I think ;" 
uttered as the language of ridicule, to one who may 
have been vain of some new scheme that has proved 
To Mauten, Mawten, v,n. To begin tospring; 

a term applied to grain, when steeped in order 

to be converted into malt, S. 

Evidently formed from A.S. malt, or the Su.G. v. 
maelt^a, hordeum potui preparare. Ihre derives the 
term malt from Su.G. miaell soft, (E. mellow,y q^ sof« 
tened grain. Hence, 
Mauten, Mawtejs, part, pa, 1. Applied to grain 

which has acquired a peculiar taste, in conse- 

quence of not being thoroughly dried, Lanarks.. 

This most frequently originates from its springing 
in the sheaf. The S w. t;. is used in a similar sense; 
Kornet maeltar, the barley spoils, Wideg. ; S. the com 
is mautent, 


2. To be moist and friable ; applied to bread that 

is not properly fired, S. 
8. Trannerred to a pnerson who is dull and slug. 

gish. One of this description is common^ 

called a mawterCd or mawteni lump^ i. e. a heavy 

inactive person, Ang. ; synon. MawterCd lou, 


There tumbled a mischievous pair 
O' mawten'd lolls aboon him. 
Christmas Ba*ing, Skinners Misc. Poet. p. 130.. 
MAW, Sea-maw, s. The common gull, S.J Add; 

" It is here to be noted that no maws were seen 
in the lochs of New or Old Aberdeen since the be- 
ginning of thir troubles, and coming of soldiers to 
Aberdeen, who before flocked and clocked in so great 
abundance, that it was pleasing to behold them fly« 
ing above our heads, yea and some made use of their 
eggs and birds." Spalding, i, 332. 

It does not appear that the author views this, as 
in many similar occurrences of little importance, a& 
a prognostic of approaching calamities. He seems, 
therefore, to suppose, that the great resort of soldiera 
to Aberdeen had the same effect on the mews, which 
the vulgar ascribe to cannon-shot in the Roads of 
Leith. For it is believed by many, that during the 
war with France the great scarcity of white fish in 
the Frith, in comparison of fcM'mer times, was to be 
attributed to the frequent firing of guns in the Roads,, 
in consequence of which, it is said, the fish were^ 
frightened away from our coasts. 
To MAW, V. a. 1. To mow, &c.] Add; 

'' It is not vnknawin — ^the innumerall oppressionis. 
committit— -be burning Sec of thair houssis &c. nuiip* 
ing of thair grene cornis," &c Acts Ja. VI. 1585>. 
Ed 1814, p. 42. 

In summer I mawed my meadows. 
In harvest I share my com, &c. 

Herds Coll. ii. 224. 
Maw, 8. A single sweep with the scythe, Clydes* 
Mawer, 8. A mower, S. ; Mawster^ Galloway. 

'' Hay mowed off pasture land is more difficult to 
mow than any other kind, for it has what mawsters 
call a matted sole ;" Gall. Encycl. vo. Lyse^Hay. 

*' Mawster, a mower ;" Ibid, in vo. 

Belg. maaijer, id. 
Ma WIN, 8. 1. The quantity that is mowed in one 

day, S. 
S. As much grass as will require the work of a. 

day in mowing ; as, " We will hae twa mamns 

in that meadow ;" S.. 
MAW, 8. A whit or jot. V. Maa.. 
MAWCHTYR, 8. Probably, mohair. 

" Ane dowblett ofmawchtyr, ane coit of ledder, &• 
anepair off brex." AbercL Keg. Cent l6. 
To MAWI^ER, v^ a. To mock by mimicry; as,. 

" He's ay mawnerirC me ;^ lie still repeats my 

words auer me ; Dumfr^ 
MAWS, «s The herb called MdOowa^ of which 

term this seemis merely an abbreviation, Roxb. 
MAWSIE, A. A drab, a trollop.] Add; 

Mosse in old Teut signifies a female servant, fa^ 
mula, Hisp. moga. Vuyl mosse, sordida ancilla, sordi-^ 
da mulier situ et squalore foeda; Kilian. 

M £ A 

KAWSIE, a^. Expl. strapping, as synon. with 

Sonsie^ Ayrs. 

Teut. Fr. massif, solidus ; " well knit," Cotgr. 
MAZE, s. A term applied to herrings, denoting 

the number of five hundred. 

" Friday, the supply of fresh herrings at the Broo- 
mielaw, Glasgow, was uncommonly large ; twelve 
boaU, some of them with nearly forty maze (a maze 
is five hundred), having arrived in the morning." 
Caled. Mercury, 24th July 1815. V. Mese. 
MAZIE, s, A straw net, Shetl. 

Apparently derived from Su.G. maska, macula re- 
tis, as referring to the mashes of a net Dan. mask, 
Belg. masche, Isl. moskne, id. 
MEADOW, 8. A bog producing hay, S. 

" It may be proper to remark, that the term mea^ 
dam, used by Mr. Home, is a provincial name for 
green bog, or marshy ground, producing coarse 
grass, mostly composed of rushes and other aquatic 
plants, and that the word has no reference to what 
is called meadow in England, which is here termed 
old-grass land, and which is very seldom cut for hay 
m Scotland." Agr. Surv. Berw. p. 29- 
Meadow-hay, a. The hay which is made from 

bogs, S. 

** Meadow-hat^ — is termed in Renfrewshire bog* 
hayr hgv, Surv. Renfr, p. 112. V. Boo-bay. 
MEAYNEIS, 8. pi Mines. 

— '' With all and sindrie meayrms of quhatsum- 
euir qualitieofmettallis, minerallis'and materiallis,'* 
&c. Acts Ja. VI. 1600, Ed. 1814, p. 24.9. 

MEAL, 8. The quantity of milk which a cow 

yields at' one milking, Clydes. 

This is not to be viewed as a secondary sense of 
the E. word of the same fbrm, denoting a repast 
It is from A.S. mael, the origin of £. meal, in its pri- 
mary sense, which is pars, portio, also mensura. Dr. 
Johns., in consequence of overlooking the structure 
of the radical language, has in this, as in many other 
instances, given "part, fragment," as merely an ob- 
lique signification. Meal denotes a repast, as being 
the portion of meat allotted to each individual, or 
that given at the fixed time. 

The quantity or portion of milk yielded at one time 
is, in the same manner, called the cow's meltith or 
meltid, Ang. V. Mslteth. 
MEAL, 8. The flour of oats, barley, or pease, 

as distinguished from that of wheat, which by 

way of eminence is called Flour^ S. 

" Her two next sons were gone to Inverness to 
buy meal, by which oat-meal is always meant." Jour- 
ney to the West Isl. Johnson's Works, viii. 240. 
To Meal, v, n. To produce meal ; applied to 

grain ; as, ^^ The beer disna meal that dunze 

weel the year ;^ The barley of this year is not 

very productive in the grinding; S. 
Msal-akd-thrammel. V. Thuammel. 
Meal-ark, 8, A lar^e chest appropriated to the 

use of holding meal, in a dwelling-house, S. 

*^ He was a confessor in her cause afler the year 
171^, when a whiggish mob destroyed his meeting- 
house, tore his surplice, and plundered his dwelling- 
place of four silver spocms, intromitting also with his 
mart and his meal-ark, and with two barrels, one of 


M E A 

•ingle and one of double ale, besides three bottles of 
brandy." Waverley, i. 1S6, 1S7. 

This, even in houses, is sometimes called the mealm 
girnal, S.B. V. Ark. 

Meal-uogyktt, 8. ** A barrel for holding oat- 
meal (^ Gall. Encycl. 

A corr. of hoghead, as the hogshead is often named 
in S. Teut. ockshood, oghshood, id. V. Todd. 
Mealin, 8, A chest for holding mealj Aberd.; 

synon. Girnal. 
Meal-monger, 8, One who deals in meel^S,']Add; 

-— '' The day before I must be at Cavertonedge to 
see the match between the laird of Kittlegirth's black 
mare and Johnston the meal-monger's four-year old 
colt" Bride of Lammermoor, iii. 23. 
Meal^s corn, used to denote every species of 

grain. / haena taated meoTs com the day ; I 

have eat nothing to-day that has ever been in 

the form of gram, S. 
And will and willsom was she, and her breast 
With wae was bowden, and just like to birst. 
Nae sustenance got, that of mears corn grew, • 
But only at the cauld bilberries gnew. 

Ross's Helenore, p. 6l. 
Meal-seeds, 8.pL That part of the outer husk 

of oats which is sifted out of the meal, S. 

They are used for making sowen8 or flummery. 
Meals-more, 8. Ever so much. This term is 

applied to one who is given to prodigality ; 

•* Gie them meahniorey they'll be poor ;'* Fife. 
Shall we trace it to A.S. maeles, pi. of mae/pars, por- 
tio, and mor magis ; q. additional shares or portions ? 
Mealstane,^. a stone used in weighing meal, S. 

'' Mealstanes. Rude stones of seventeen and a half 
pounds weight used in weighing mea/." Gall.EncycL 
To Me al-wind, v« a. To meal-wind a bannock of 

cake, to rub it over with mealy after it is baked, 

before it is put on the girdle^ and again after 

it is first turned, S.B.; MeU-wand^ South of S. 

A.S. melrve farina, and tvaend-ian vertere; for the 

'act is performed by turning the cake or bannock over 

several times in the dry meal ; or Teut. tvind-en in- 

volvere, q. " to roll up in meal." 

To MEAN, to lament; or, to merit sympathy. 

V. Mbke, v. 
MEAREN, 8. " A slip of uncultivated ground 
. of various breadth, between two corn ridges ;** 

S.B., Gl. Surv. Moray; synon. BauJc. 

This seems the same with Mere, a boundary, q. v. 
Only it has a pi. form, being precisely the same with 
Teut. meer, in pi. meeren, boundaries. The term may 
have been first used in the province by some settlers 
from the Low Countries. Gael, mirean, however, sig- 
nifies a portion, a share, a bit. 
To M AESE, t;. fl. To allay, to settle. V. Meise. 
ME ASSOUR, 8. A mace-bearer, one who carries 

the mace before persons in authority, S. Macer, 

*^ My lordis, lievtenantis, and lordis of secreit coun« 
sail, ordainis ane meassour or vther officiare of armes, 
to pas and charge William Harlaw, minister, at St. 
Cuthbertis kirk, to pray for the quenis maiestie, — 
in all and sindrie, his sermondis and prayeris," &c. 
R. Bannatyne's Transact p. 247. 

Richard must be mistaken in supposing that they 


oiTciered ministers to convert their very sermons into 

a liturgy. V. Macer. 

MEAT-H ALE, adj. Enjoying such a state of 

health, as to manifest no failure at the time of 

meals, S. ; synon. Parridg^-hale^ Spune-hale. 

*' The introductory compliment which poor Win- 
penny had carefully conned^ fled from his lips, and 
the wonted 'A' meat hale, mony hraw thanks/ was 
instinctively uttered." Saxoh and Gael, i« 44. 

I have met with no similar idiom. 
MEAT-LIKE, adj. Having the appearance oF 

one who is well-fed. •* He's baith meat-like and 

claith-like,^ a common phrase in S. 
MEAT-RIFE, Meit-ryfe, adf. Abounding 

with meat or food, S.O., Roxb. 
''Af«/-7^/e, where there is plenty of meat;" GLSibb. 
MECKANT, ad;. Romping, frolicsome, Aberd. 

Shall we trace this to Fr. mechanic mischievous, 
viewed in relation to boyish pranks ? 
MEDI AT, adj. Apparently used for immediaie^ 

as denoting an heir next in succession. 
' ^' And this is to be extendit to the mediat air that is 
to succeid to the persoune that happinnis to deceiss 
during the tyme and in maner foirsaid." AcU Ja. 
VI. 1571, Ed. 1814, p. 63. 
MEDICINER, s. A physician. 

'* Tell me now, seignor — you also are somewhat 
of a mediciner — is not brandy- wine the remedy for 
cramp in the stomach ?" St. Johnstoun, ii. £28. V. 


MEEDWIF, *. A midwife, Aberd. Reg. 
MEER-BROW'D,ad/. Having eye-brows which 
meet together, and cover the bridge of the nose, 

Fris. marr-en ligare ; q. bound together. 
To MEET m a?r, to meet with, S.B. 
MEET-COAT, s. A term used by old people for 
a coat that is exactly meet for the size of the 
body, as distinguished from a lonff coaty S. 
MEETH, Meith, adj. 1. Sultry, hot.] Add; 
Ross writes meith in his first Edit. 
—But meith, meith was the day, 
The summer cauls were dancing brae frae bra^ 

Ross's Helenore, p. 62. 
— /frf, het was the day. — Ed. Third, p. 87. 
MEETH, s. A mark, &c. V. Meith. 
MEETH, adj. Modest, mild, gentle, Border. 
Allied perhaps to A.S. myth-gian lenire, quietem 
praestare. This may also be the root of die adj. as 
used in a preceding example from Ross. 
MEETHS, s.pL Activity; applied to bodilj 
motion. One is said to have nae meethsy who is 
inert, S. Perhaps from A.S. maegthe potestas. 
MEG, Meggy, Maggie, 1. Abbrev. of tne name 
Margaret^ S. " Mathe Irving called Meggis 
Mathe.'' Acts iii. S92. 
2. Meg is used by Lyndsay as a designation for a 
vulgar woman. 
Ane mureland Meg, that milkes the yowis, 
Claggit with clay abone the howis, 
In btf n, nor byir, scho will nocht byde 
WiUiout her kirtill taill be syde. 
Suppl, against Syde Taillis, Chalm. Ed. ii. 201. 


M £ I 

MEGGY-MONYFEET, $. The centipede, 
Roxb.; in other counties Meg-voSMie^mcmy^ 

feet. V. MONYFEET. 

MEGIRTIEj *. A particular kind of cravat. 
It di§ers from an Ourlay, For instead of being 
fastened wish a loop in the same form, it is held 
by two clasps, which would make one unac- 
quainted with it suppose that it were part of 
an under-vest, Ayrs. 
Probably a relique of the old Stratclyde Welsh ; 

as C.B. myngwair has the very same meaning ; col-» 

lare, Davies. The root seems to be muntig, mwntvg, 

the neck ; Ir. muin, id. 

MEGRIM, s. A whim, a foolish fancy, Ettr. 
For.; probably an oblique use of the E. term, 
of the same form, denoting ^* disorder of the 

MEGST Y, inierj. An exclamation, expressive of 
surprise, Ayrs., Loth^ 
" En ! megsiy, maister. 1 thought ye were soun' 

sleeping." Sir A, Wylie, iii. 284. 
" Eh, Megsty me !' cried the leddy ; ' wha^s yon 

at the yett tirling at the pin ?" The Enteil, i. l66. 
The phrase in this form is often used by children 

in Loth. 

ME Y, pron. Me, pron. as Gr. •/, Selkirks. ; also 

?ieyj he ; to set/^ to see, &c. 
MEID, s. Appearance, port. 

Wr cunning skill his gentle meid 

To chant, or warlike fame. 
Ilk damsel to the minstrels gied 
Some faVorit chieflan's naihe. 
Laird of' Woadhouslie, Scot. Trag. Bail. 1 94i 
Neir will I forget thy seiroly meid. 
Nor yet thy gentle lure. 

Lord Livingston, ibid. p. 101. 
A.S. maeth persona ; also, modus ; dignitas. 
MEINE,*. Apparently as signifying insinuation. 
'^ Quhair he makes ane meine, that I go by natu- 
rail ressonis to persuade, to take the suspicion of men 
iustly of me in this held, I say and do affirme, that 
I haue done not [[nocht .^j] in that cause as yit, hot 
conforme to the scriptures althrouch." Ressoning 
betuix Crosraguell and J. Knox, £. iii. a. V. Mene, 
Mean, t). sense 3. 

To MEINGYIE, v. a. To hurt, to kme> Fife. 

V. Manyie, Mangyie, &c. 
To MEINGYIE, v.n. To mix ; applied to ffrain, 

when it begins to change colour, or to whiten^ 

Fife. V. Meing, v. 
Meinging, s. ^rhe act of mixing, Selkirks. 

This term occurs in a specimen of a very strange 
mode of prayer, which had been better kept from 
the eye of the public ; — " the meinging of repent- 
ance." Brownie of Bodsbeek, i. 288. 
MEYNTYM; s. The mean while. 

*' The lordis contenewis the said summondis in 
the meyntym in the Same forme & effect as it now is.*^ 
Act Dom. Cone. A. 1489, P* 1^6. 
MEIR, *. 1. A mare, S. Yorks. meer. 

" Ane soir f sorrellj broune meir*' Aberd. Reg* 
A. 1545, V. 19. 
S. To ride on a meir^ used metaph. 

M E Y 


Nor jit tak thai this cair and paine> 
On fute travellan on the plaine^ 
Bot rydes rycht soMie on a meir, 
Weil mountit in thair ryding geir. 

MaUlancTs Poems, p. 183. 

This, as would seem, denotes pride, but it gives 
the universal pronunciation of S. 
Mbibie, Sn A diminutive from Meir, S. 

'* Meere, a mare — Dimin. meerie," Gl. Picken. 
MEIRDEL, *. A confused crowd of people or 
' animals; a numerous family of little children; 

a huddle of small animals, Moray. 

Gael, nwrdhail, an assembly, or convention ; from 
MOT, great, and dail, a meeting. 
ToMEISE, Matse, v.a. To mitigate, &c.] Add; 

** Therfor the saidis Lordis for tnesing of sic sus- 
pidoune," &c. Acts of Sed. 29 Nov. 1 535. 

'* The king offendit heirwith wes measit be my lord 
Hamiltoun." Bel. M. Mem. of Jas. VI. fo. 32. v. 
ft. To force on ripeness ; as, by putting fruit into 

straw or chaff, Roxb. 
To MEYSEL,MEYZLE,r.a, To crumble down; 

applied to eating, Gall. 

Teut. mcusel-en pitissare, clam degustare paulatim. 
MEIT-BUIRD, s. An eating table. 

** Item, thre meit-buirdis with thair formes." In- 
ventories, A. 1566, p. 173. 
MEITH, Meeth, &c. s. 8. A landmark, a 

boundary.] Add; 

In this sense the term is synon. with Lat. met^a, a 
To Meith, V. a. To define by certain marks. 

^* Gif the King hes gevin ony landis of his domain^ 
at his awin will, merchit and meilhit be trew and 
leill men of the countrey, chosin and sworn thairto, 
or yit with certain roeithis and merchis boundit and 
limit in the infeftment^ he to quhom the samin is 
gevin sail bruik and joise peciabillie and quietlie in 
all time to cum the saidis landis, be thair said boundit 
meithis and marchis," &c. Balfour's Pract p. 438, 
V. Myth, ti. 

— " That — ^portioun of the lordschipe of Dumbar 
boundit, meithity and merchit as eflirfoUowes/* &c. 
Acts Cha. I. Ed. 1814. V. 103. V. Meith, s. 

** I will also give— that land lying beyond the 
Cart, which I and Allan^ my son, meilhed to them." 
Transit Charter of Walter, Steward of Scotland, 
about the year 1 160. In the original the word is per- 
mmbylavimut. It is also written MecUh. 

-— '' The said nobill lord and remanent personis*— 
bindis and oblissis thameselvis — to met deuyd ex- 
eamb seperat mcath and mairch the foirsaid outfeald 
arrable lands naymit Burnflet and How Meur," &c. 
Contract, 1634. Memor. Dr. Wilson of Falkh'k v* 
Forbes of Callendar, App, p. 2. 
Meith, adj. Hot, sultry. V. Meeth. 
MEYTIT, paH. pa. 

" Grantes to the said lord Robert Stewart — full 
power, speciall mandment and charge, all and sindrie 
inhabitantis and induellaris within the saidis boundis, 
for quhatsumeuir crymes and offenses dilaitit, meyiit, 
accusit, and qonvicte^ to punisch as the caus requi- 
ris," &c. Acte Ja. VI. 1581, Ed. 1814, p. 255. 

A«S« fnel-an signifies invenire ; perhaps q. dicoveri 


ed or found out The sense, however, is obscure. 
The word intended may have been menit or meyfut^ 
complained of. 
MEKYL, &c. adj. 1. Great] Add; 

It is customary in vulgar language in S. to en- 
hance any epithet by the addition of one of the same 
meaning ; as, great big, muckle maun, i. e. very big ; 
little tvee, very little. This, however, rarely occurs 
in writing. But our royal inventory exhibits one ex- 
ample of it 

" Item, twa great mekle bordclaithis of domik con- 
tenand fouretene ellis the twa," Inv. A.l 561, p«150. 
3. Denoting pre-eminence.] Add; 
—"They've plac'd this human stock 

Strict justice to dispense ; 
Which plainly shews, yon meiklejb'k 
Think siller stands for sense. 

TannahiWs Poems, p. 137* 

This is a very common phrase, S.O. 
To Max Mekil or Muckle (^one^ to shew one 

great attention, S. ; to make much of one. 

In Isl. this idea, or one nearly allied, is expressed 
by a single term ; mykla, magnifacio ; G. Andr. 
MEKIS, *. pi 

" In the laich munitioun hous. Item, sex cut- 
throttis of irne with thair mekis" Inventories, A. 
1566, p. 169. 

To MEL, Mell, v. n. To speak.] Add; 

Peirce Plowman, as the learned Hickes has ob- 
served, oflen uses the term in this sense. 

To Mede the mayde melleih these words. 

— To Mede the mayde he melled these words. 

It may be observed in addition, that, as the form 
of the Moes.G. verb is maihlrjan, this had been its 
original form in A.S. It had indeed gone through 
three stages before it appeared as £. mell/ mathd^ 
an, maedl-an, maeUan. 

MELDER, s. 1. The quantity of meal ground, 

&c.] Add; 
Dusty meldee. 1. The last milting of the crop 

of oats, S. 
S. Used raetaph. to denote the last child bom in 

a family, Aberd. 

MELDROP, Melbrap, s. 1 . A drop of mucus 
at the nose, whether produced by cold or other- 
wise; Roxb.,Upp.Lanarks. V.Mili)Eop,Dict. 
There is a common phrase among the peasantry in 
Roxb., when one good turn is solicited, in prospect 
of a grateful requital ; " Dight the mddrop fi*ae my 
nose, and I'll wear the midges frae yours." 

2. It is often used to denote the foam which falh 
from a horse^s mouth, or the drop at the bit ; 
South of S. 

3. It also denotes the drop at theend of an icicle, 
and indeed every drop in a pendant state, ibid., 

This word is obviously very ancient. It can be no 
other than Isl. meldrop-ar, a term used in the Edda 
to denote the foam which falls to the ground from 
the bit of a horse. It is defined by Verelius; Spuma 
in terram cadens ex lupato vel fraeno, ah equo de- 
morso. It is formed from mel, Sw. myl, a bit, ancl 
drop-a stillare. Lye gives A.S. mad-^ropiend^ ^s sig« 

M £ L 


nifying phiegmaticus. Bat I question whether the 
first part of the word is not mael pars, or from mael" 
an loqui, q. speaking piece-meal, or slowly. For the 
A.S. word signifying ^aenum, lupatum, is midL It is 
singular, diatthis very ancient word should be pre- 
served, as far as I can learn, only in S. and in Iceland, 
where the old language of the Goths remains more 
uncorrupted than in any country on the continent. 
MELG, s. The milt (of fishes), Aberd. 

Gael, mealag, id. This, however, seems to be a 
word borrowed from the Goths ; as not only is there 
no correspondent term in any of the other Celtic dia- 
lects, but it nearly resembles Su.G. mioelk, id. In 
piscibus mioelk dicitur album illud quod mares pro 
intestinis habent; Germ, milcher ; Ihre. Isl. miolk, 
lactes piscium ; Dan. maelken t Jisk, the white and 
soft row in fishes ; Wolff. 

MELGRAF, Mellgbave, s. A quagmire, La- 

This is pron. Melgrave, Galloway. M'Taggart 
expl. it *' a break in a high-way." 

^ It is said that a horse with its rider once sunk 
in a meligrave somewhere in Ayrshire, and were 
never more heard of." Gall. Encycl. 

Isl. maeUur signifies solum salebris obsitum, a 
rough or rugged place; G. Andr. p. 177* The same 
word, written meUrt is thus defined by Haldorson ; 
Solum arena, glarea, vel argilla, obsitum, glabretum 
pUnitiei. As grqf-a is to dig, and graf any hole that 
is dug ; melgrqf might originally denote the hole 
whence sand, gravel, &c. were dug. 
IVfELL, s. 1. A maul, mallet, or beetle, S.] 
After extract from Fergtifon's S, Prov., Add; 
This proverb is given in a different form by Kelly, 
p. 156. 

" He that gives all his geer to his bairns. 
Take up a beetle, and knock out his harns." 
'^ Taken from the history of one John Bell, who 
having given his whole substance to his children was 
by them neglected. After he died there was found 
in his chest a mallet with this inscription ; 

I John Bell leaves her a rnelly the man to fell 
Who gives all to his bairns, and keeps nothing 
to himsell." 
3. Used to denote a custom conjoined with the 
Broose or Bmse at a wedding. South of S. 
" The shouts of laughter were again renewed, 
and every one was calling out, ' Now for the melll 
Now for the melir 

— '^ I was afterwards told that in former ages it 
was the custom on the Border, when the victor in 
the race was presented with the prize of honour, the 
one who came in last was, at the same time, present- 
ed with a mallet, or large wooden hammer, called a 
mell in the dialect of the country, and that then the 
rest of the competitors stood in need to be near at 
hand, and instantly to force the inell from him, else 
he was at liberty to knock as many of them down 
with it as he could. The meH has now, for many 
years, been only a nominal prize ; but there is often 
more sport about the gaining of it than the princi- 
pal one." Hogg's Wint. Tales, ii. 193. 

It is scarcely worth while to form a conjecture as 
to the origin of a custom apparently so absurd. It 
would have certainly been more natural to have gi- 

ven the power of the mallet to the victor than to him 
who was defeated, as the writer speaks of '* the dis- 
grace of winning the mell'* 

Whatever was the original meaning of the phrase, 
it seems to occur in the same sense in the foUowing 

Since we have met we'll merry be. 

The foremost hame shall hear the meU: 
I'll set me down, lest I be fee. 

For fear that I should bear't myselL 

Herd:s Coll. ii. 47, 48. 
To MELL, v,n. 1. To meddle with, &c.] Add; 

This sometimes assumes the form of a reflective v. 

^' Yitt he melled him not with no public affaires^ 
hot baid ane better tyme, quhill he sould have beine 
purged be ane assyse," &c. Pitscottie's Cron. p. 57. 
" Meddled not with," Edit. 1728, p. 23. 

This is the Fr. idiom, Se meler de, to intermeddle 
with. Hence, 
Melling, s. The act of intermeddling. 

~— ^' Inhibiting the personis now displacet of all 
further melling and intromissioun with the saidiv 
rentis." Acts Ja. VI. 1579, Ed. 1814, p. 182. 
To MELL, V. n. To become damp ; applied 

solely to corn in the straw, Upp. Clydes. 

C.B. melli softness ; mell, that shoots out, that is 
pointed or sharp ; Owen. These terms might ori« 
ginally be applied to grain beginning to sprout from 
dampness. Isl. mygUa, however, signifies, mouldiness, 
and mygUa to become mouldy, mucere, mucescere. 
MELLA, Mellay, adj. Mixed. MeUay hew, 

mixed colour, id. 

" The price litting of the stane of meUay hew xxxii 
sh." &c. Aberd. Reg. A. 1 551, V. 21. " Ane mella 
kirtiU." Ibid. V. 24. MeUay woolj mixed wool, ibid. 
Fr. melee, id. 

It seems to be the same article that is meant un-* 
der the name of Mellais, in pi. " iiij ellis & 8 of mel* 
lais that is rycht gud." Ibid. V. 15. V. Chance* 
MELLE, Mellay, s, 1. Contest, battle.] Add; 

" You know Tacitus saith. In rebus beUicis nuufime 
dominatnr Fortuna, which is equiponderate with our 
vernacular adage, ' Luck can maist in the mellee*' 
Waverley, ii. S55, 

Hence A.Bor. a mell, also ameld among, betwixt; 
Ray's Collect, p. 2. 

% In melle^ in a state of mixture ot conjunction. 
MELLE R, s» The quantity of meal ground at 

the miln at one time, Nithsdale; the same with 

Meldevy q, v. 

Young Peggy's to the mill gane. 

To sift her daddie's meUer. * 

Remains of Nithsdale Song, p. 66. 
MELLGRAVE,^. " Abreak ina highway,''GaU* 

Obviously the same With Melgrqf, q. ▼. 

MELL-IN-SHAFT. To keep melUnshqft. V* 
under Mell, s, a maul. Define; 

1. To hold on in any course or condition; as, to re^ 
tain a good state oi health, Loth. ; a metaphor, &c«- 

2. To be able to carry on one^s business, ibid., GalL 
" When a person's worldly affairs get disordered, 

it is said the mell cannot be keeped in the shaft ; now, 
unless the mell be keeped in the shajl, no work can 
be done :— and when, by struggling, a man is not 



OTerset, he is said to have keeped the meU in the $hefi*' 

Gall. Encycl. 

MELMONT BERRIES, juniper berries. Mo. 

MELTETH, Meltith, s. A meal, &c.] Add; 

*^ And Ypone the fishe day xviij or xx dische as 
thaj may be had at every tnelietk at the M' of hous-i 
haldis discretioun." Estate of the King Sc Quenis 
Ma^ houshald, &c« 1590, MS. G. Reg. House. 
2. J. cow's meltit^ the quantity of milk yielded by 

a cow at one time, Ang., Perths. V. Mkal, id. 
Melt-hole, 8, The space between the ribs and 

the pelvis, whether in man or in beast, Clydes. 

V. Melt, b. 
To MEL WAND, v. a. To rub with meal ; as, 

*^ Lassie, m€2iimmd[thatbanna,^Roxb. V.Meal- 


MEMORIALL, a^. Memorable. 

** Among all his memoriaU workis ane thing was 
maist apprisit/ &c. Bellenden's T. Liv. p. SI. 

MEMT, pari. adj. Connected by, or attached 
from, blood, alliance, or friendship, Ayrs. 
Perhaps from Teut memm-en nutricem agere, from 
mamme vber ; q. attached like a child to its nurse. 
MEN, o^/- Apparently for main^ E. principal. 
*' That the said George — salhaue power to de- 
nunce thame rebellis, — and inbring all Uiair movable 
guidls^ and namelie the men half to his ain particu- 
lar vse." Acts Ja. VI. 1584, Ed. 1814, p. 359. 

A.S. fMo^n MiBj maegen, magnus ; Su.G. megn, po- 

MENAGE, s. A friendly society, of which every 
member pays in a fixed sum weekly, to be con- 
tinued for a given term. At the commencement, 
the order of priority in receiving the sum col- 
lected, is determined by lot. He, who draws 
No. 1. as his ticket, receives into his hands the 
whole sum collected for the first week, on his 
finding security that he shall pay in hb weekly 
share during the term agreed. He who draws 
No. S. receives the contributions of all the mem- 
bers for the second week ; and so on according 
to their order. Thus every individual has the 
advantage of possessing the whole weekly con- 
tribution for a term proportionate to the order 
of his drawing. Such friendly institutions are 
common in Edinburgh and the vicinity. The 
members usually meet in some tavern or public 
house ; a certain sum being allowed by each 
member for the benefit of the landlord. 
O.Fr. mesnagCj ''ahoushold, familie, or meyney;" 
Cotgr. It is not improbable that the term, as de- 
noting a friendly institution, might be introduced by 
the French, when residing in this country during 
the reign of Mary. It might be used in reference 
to the retention of the money in the manner de- 
scribed above. L.B. menagium occurs in this sense 
in a charter by John BalioL Fidelitatem et homa- 
gium-— ratione terrarum qnas in nostro regno, et 
etiam ratione MenagH, sen retentionis nostrae—red- 
dimus. Chron. Trivet V. Du Cange. 

MENANIS (Sakct), apparently St Monan's in 
VaL. IL lis 

Fife ; also written " Sanct Mynnanis,'^ Aberd. 

Reg. A. 1546, V. 19. 
MENCE, s. 

" The blessed sea for metice and commerce !' said 
a familiar voice behind." Saxon and Gael, ii. 99. 

MENDIMENT, s. Amendment; proh. menni- 

ment^ Aberd. 
MENDS,*. 1. Atonement, expiation.] Add; 

In this sense it occurs in O.E. *' Meiides for a tres- 
pas, [Fr.] amende." Palsgr. B. iii. F. 48. 
2. Read — Amelioriation of conduct, S.] 
Add^ as sense 

4. Revenge. To get a mends of one, to be re- 
venged on one, S. 

" Ego ulciscar te, si vivo ; I shall gel a mends of 
you, if I live." Wedderb. Vocab. p. 31. 

This seems nearly allied to sense 1. q. '' I shall 
forceyou to make atonement for what you have done." 

To MENE, Meyne, Meake, v. a. 1. To rnean 
one's self.] Add ; 

" Then the marquis said, he should take order 
therewith ; whilk he did in most politick manner ; 
to stamp it out he means himself to the parliament ; 
the lord Ker is commanded to keep biis lodging," 
&c. Spalding, i. 324. 

In nearly the same sense it is said in vulgar lan« 
guage, &c.^ Add ; . 

Your bucks that birl the forain berry. 
Claret, and port, and sack, and sherry, 
•^I dinna ?wei« them to be merry. 
And lilt awa*. 

Skinner's Misc. Poet. p. 178. 
Meke, Mein, Main, s. 1. Moaning, lamenta^ 
tion, S. " He maks a great mene lor himsell." 
N.B. The quotation from Wallace, vo. Main^ 
8. affords an example.^ 

5. Condolence, expression of sympathy, S« 
didna mak mickle mein for him ; ^* My i 

MENFOLK,*.©/. Males, S. 

'^ Mr. Tyrrel,' she Said, * this is nae sight for men 
folk — je maun rise and gang to another room." St 
Ronan, iii. 308. 

Women-folk is also used to denote females. 

ToMENG,z^.a. To mix,to blend, Berwicks. ; as, 
^' to meng tar,^ to mix it Up into a proper state 
for smearing sheep, greasing carts, &c. ; Roxb. 
To Meng, v. n. To become mixed. " The cortis 
hegvnmn tomefuxg^ the standing corn begins to 
change its colour, or to assume a yelldw tinge ; 
Berwicks. V. Mikg, »• 
MENIE, Mainie, s. One abbrev. of Marianne; 

in some instances, of WUhelmina^ S. 
MENYIE, &c. s. 1. The persons constituting 
one family.] Add; 

*' Menyy a housholde, C^r.] menye ;" Palsfir. B. 
iii. f. 48, a. Insert, as sense 
5. Acrowd,a multitude; applied to persons,Dumf. 
Three loud huzssas the menyie gaed. 
And clear'd the stance, that ilka blade 
The mark might view. 

Maywfs Siller Gun, p. 58. 

[y metres 


M E R 

6. A multitude^ applied to things, S.] Add ; 

In this sense it occurs in O.E. '^ Company or meynif 
of shippes; [Fr.] flotte;" Palsgr.B. iii. f.25. " Meny 
of plantes, f Fr.] plantaige ;" F. 48. " And they can 
no more skyll of it than a meany of oxen." Ibid. F. 
180, a^b. 

MENISSING, s. The act of diminishing. 

" Braking of commound ordenans & statutis of 
this gude towne^ in menissing of the past Q)aste or 
crust] of quhyt breyd, & selling thairof " Aberd. 
Reg. V. 16. 
To MENSE, V. a. To grace. Nithsdale Song, 

242. V. Mensk, v. 
MEN'S-HOUSE, s. A cottage attached to a 

farm-house where the men-servants cook their 

victuals, S.B. 

" Some of tlie landed proprietors^ and large far- 
mers^ build a small house called the bothy^and some- 
times the men's house, in which their men-servants 
eat and prepare their food." Agr. Surv. Aberd. 
p. 518. 

MENSK, Mknse, s. 2. Honour.] Add; 
— Bly thly I took up the springs 
And bore the rnense awa, Jo ! 

Rem, Nilhsd. Song, p. 47. Add, as sense 
4. It is obliquely used in the sense of thanks or 

grateful return, S. 
We've fed him, cled him — what's our mense for't a'? 
Base wretch, to steal our Dochter's heart awa' ! 

TannahilTs Poems, p. 12. 

This, indeed, seems the meaning of the term as 
used in the Prov. " I have baith my meat and my 



5. Credit, ornament, or something that gives re« 
spectability, South of S. 

An' monnie day thou was a mence, 
At kirk, i' market, or i' spence. 
An' snug did thou my hurdles fence, 

Wi' cozie biel*, 
Tho' in thy pouches ne'er did glance 

Nae goud at well. 

Old Breeks, A. Scott's Poems, p. 105. 

6. It is said of any individual in a family, who, 
either in respect of personal or mental accom- 
plishments, sets out or recommends all the rest, 
** He^ or " She's the mense of the family,'' or 
" of a' the family,'' Dumfr., Loth. 

To Meksk, Mense, v. a. 9,. To do honour to.] 
Add ; — to grace. 

Sit down in peace, my winsome dow ; 
Tho' thin thy locks, and held thy brow. 
Thou ance were armfu' fit, I trow. 
To mense a kintra en', Jo. 

Remains of Nithsdale Song, p. 47. 

3. To do the honours of, to preside at. To mense 
a boardy to do the honours of a table, Dumfr. 

Convener Tamson mens'd the boards 
^here sat ilk Deacon like a lord. 

Maine's Siller Gun, p. 57. 

4. To fit, to become, Ettr. For. 

" They'll rin after a wheen clay-cakeabaken i' 
the sun, an' leave the good substantial ait- meal ban- 
nocks to 8t4tnd till they moul, or be pouched by them 


that draff an' bran wad better hae mailed .'" Brownie 
of Bodsbeck, &c. ii. l64. 

Menskful, MENSEF(JL,ad/.] Insert^ as sense 

4. Becoming, particularly in regard to one's sta- 
tion, S. 

— " Lay by your new green coat, and put on your 
raploch grey ; it's a mair mensefu' and thrifty dress, 
and a mair seemly sight, than thae dangling slops and 
ribbands." Tales of my Landl<Nrd, ii. 139. 

5. Mannerly, respectful, S. &c. 
Mensefullie, adv. In a mannerly way, with 

propriety, S. 
To MENT, V. n, 1. « To lift up the hand af- 
fectedly, without intending the blow ;" Gl- 
Surv. Moray. 
2. " To attempt ineffectually ;" Ibid, 

This seems merely a provincial pronunciation of 
the v. Mint, to aim, &c. q. v. 
MENT, pret Mended, South of S. 
O faithless Watty, think how aft 

I ment your sarks and hose ! 
For you how many bannocks stown. 
How many cogues of brose ! 

Wailtf and Madge, Herd's Coll. ii. I99. 
I've seen when wark began to fail. 
The poor man cou'd have ment a meal, 
Wi' a hare-bouk or sa'mon tail ; 

But let him try 
To catch them now, and in a jail 
He's forc'd to lie. 

T. Scott's Poems, p. 329. 
MENTENENT, s. One who assists another; 
'Ft. mainten-ir. 

'* With powar — ^to the said burcht of Inuemes, 
proveist, bailleis, &c. and thair successouris, thair 
mentenentis and servandis, off sailling, passing, re* 
tumeing," &c. Acts Cha. I. Ed. 1814, V. 680. 
MENTICAPTE, s. Insanity, derangement; 
a forensic term. 

" In the accioune — persewit be Robert lord Fle- 
myn aganis James lord Hammiltoune — ^and Archi- 
bald erle of Anguss — ^for his wrangwis — ^proced- 
ing in the seruing of ane breif of inquesicion — impe- 
trate be the said Archibald erle of Anguss, of mefi/t- 
capte, prodigalite & furiosite of the said Robert lord 
Flemyn," &c. Act. Dom. Cone. A. 1491, p. 195. 
Lat. mente caplus, mad ; Cic. 

MERCAT, s. A market Hence, 
Mkbcat-steao, s. a market-town ; literally, 

the place where a market stands. 

^^ At the mouth of the water, stands the toune of 
Air, a notable mercat*stead." Descr. of the King- 
dome of Scotland. 

MERCH, Mergh, (gutt.), s. 1. Marrow.] Add; 
8. Transferred to the mind, as denoting under- 


^' The ancient and leamit— Tertulian sayes, that 
the trew word of God consistes in the merch and in« 
uart intelligence, and not in the vtuart scruf & ex- 
temel wordis of the scriptures." Hamilton's Facile 
Traictise, p. 31. 
Mekchy (gutt.), adj. Marrow, S.B. 

^* The Lord is reserving a merchy piece of the word 

M £ R 

of his promise to be m ade out to many of his friends 
& people^ till they get some sad hour of trial and ten- 
tation." — *' The merckie bit of the performance of 
this he keeped till a black hour of temptation^ and a 
sharp bite of tryal." Mich. Bruce's Soul-Conf. p. 18. 
Merchiness, s. The state of being marrowy ; 

metaph. used. 

*' The Israelites had never known the merchiness of 
that promise, if a Red sea had not made it out." Ibid. 
MERCHANGUID, s. « Sufficient mercharu 

guid^ sufficient or marketable merchandice; 

Aberd. Reg. V. 24. 
♦ MERCHANT. 1 . A man's eye is proverbially 

said to be his merchant, when he buys any ar- 
ticle entirely on his own judgment, without any 

recommendation or engagement on the part of 

another, S. 

^* Esto the horse had been insufficient, sibi imputet, 
his ei/e being his merchant ; unless he will^— offer him 
to prove that the seller — promised to warrant and up- 
hold the horse," &c. Fountainh. Dec. Suppl. iii. 34. 
2. A shopkeeper, S. 

" A peddling shop-keeper, that sells a pennyworth 
of thread, is a Merchant, — The word Merchant in 
France — signifies no more than a shop-keeper, or 
other smaller dealer, and the exporter or importer 
is called un Negociant." Burt's Letters, i. 77> 78« 
MERCHIT,/?ar^./7a. Bounded. V. Maech, t^. 
MERCIMENT, s. 1. Mercy, discretion, S.B. 

**I maun be at,** or **come in, your mercimeni;^ 

I must put myself completely under your power. 

Most probably abbrev. from O.Fr. amerciment, ^ 
L.B. amerciament'Um, amende pecuniaire imposde 
pour un delit ; Roquef. The term is yery commonly 
used in money-matters. 

Du Cange views L.B. amerciamenium (a fine) as it- 
self formed from Fr. merci, because the offender was 
in the merctf of the judge as to the extent of the fine. 
2. A fine, E. amerciamenty Aberd. Reg. Cent. 16. 
MERCURY LEAF, the plant Mercurialis pe- 

rennis. South of S. 
MERE, s. 1. A march, a boundary.] j4dd; 

O.E. " Mere or marke betwyx two londys Qands^. 
Meta. Limes." Prompt. Parv. 

The same term occurs in the Cartulary of Aber- 
deen, A. 1446. 

" Than they fullily accordit amang thaim of the 
assys ; naman discrepand, deliuerit and gaf furth 
the marchis and meris betwix the said lands debata- 
bile," &c. Macfarlan's Transcr. p. 8. 
MERE, ^. 1. Thesea.;j Add; 

O.E. mer had been used in the same sense. *' Mer 
WBtyr. Mare." Prompt. Parv. Water is not added 
aa a part of the denomination, but as determining the 
object spoken of; which is the mode observed by the 
good rnenk Fraunces. 

2. An arm of the sea« 

— *' The river of Forth, commonly called the Frith, 
— maketh grittarmes or meres, commonly called the 
Scottis sea : quhairin, besyd vtheris, is the illand of 
St. Columbe, by name caUit Aemonia." Pitacottie's 
Cron. Introd. xvi. 

3. A small pool, caused by the moisture of the 
soil ; often one that is dried up by the heat, Ang. 



It differs in signification from the E. word, which 
*' commonly" denotes '' a large pool or lake," Johns. 
ToMERES, r. n. 

^' Eneas— callit baith thaim and the Trojanis un- 
der ane name of Latin is ; to that fyne> that baith the 
pepill suld meres togidder, under ane minde and 
lawis." Bellenden's T. Livius, p. 6. 

As the corresponding word in Livy is conciUaret, 
should this be meise, i. e. incorporate P 
MERESWINE, s. 2. A porooise.] Add; 

Cepede adds Dan. marsouin. Germ, meerschwein. 
Hist, de Cetac^es, p. 950. 
MERETABILL, adf. Laudable. 

" Sen neidfuU it is & meretabill," &c. Aberd. Reg. 
A. 1543, V. 18. 

To MERGLE, v. n. To wonder, to express sur- 
prise, Fife. 

Perhaps the term was first used to express won- 
der at quantity, or caused by the appearance of a 
multitude, from Su.G. marg, multus; as, ''£h! mer* 
gie me !" is a phrase used in Fife denoting surprise. 
MERITOR, s. ** Sene [since] meritor is to beir 

leill & suchtfest witnessing.^ Aberd. Reg. 

Cent. 16. 

I know not if this can denote one who makes pro- 
fit by a bargain, from L.B. ifiert^-um, pretium ; pro- 
MERE, s. A term used in iewellery« 

''A chayn of rubeis, with tuelf iner^M of diamantis 
and rubeis, and ane merk with tua rubyis." Inven- 
tories, A. 15789 p* 262. It is written mark, p. 818. 

Fr. merques, " Be, in a paire of beads, the biggest, 
or least," Cotgr. x- 

MERKERIN, s. The spinal marrow, Ang.]^drf; 

Isl. kiame, medulla, nucleus, vis, cremor; Dan. 
kaerne, id. This is the obvious origin of E. kernel; 
Su.G. kaerne signifying nucleus. 
MERKIE-PIN, 8. That part of a plough on 

which the share is fixed, Orku. 
To MERL, V. n. To candy ; applied to honey, 

8fc., Galloway. V. Merlie. 
Merlie, adf. " Sandy and sweet ; when honey 

is in this state, it is said to be merlie ; when it 

is beginning to grow this way, it merles;^ G4II. 


Allied perhaps to C.B. mwr/ freestone ; also friable^ 
because it becomes " sandy," as Mactaggart ex- 
presses it, and feels gritty in the mouth. 
MERLED, MiRLED, part. pa. Variegated. V. 

MERLINS, tn^r;. Expressive of surprise. Loth. 

Formed from Fr. merveHle a prodigy ; or perhaps 
q. marvelUngs, 
MERMAID'S-GLOVE, *. The name given to 

the sponge, Shetl. 

^' The sponge, called Mermaids Glove, in often 
taken up, upon this coast, by the fishermen's hooks." 
P. Unst, Stat Ace. v. 186. 

" Spongia Palmata, Mermaids Glove." Edmon- 
stone's Zetl. ii. S25. 

A very natural idea for these islanders who, in 
former times, were well acquainted with mermaids. 
The Icelanders call coral mamumUls^smidi, u e. the 
workmanship of mermen. 

M E R 

M E S 

MERMAID'S PURSE, the same with the 
MermaicTs Glove^ Gall. 

''A beautiful kind of sea-weed box, which is found 
driyen in on the shores^ of an oblong shape — ^about 
three inches and a half one way, and three the other 
>— of a raven-black colour on the outside, and sea- 
green within." Gall. Encyl. 

This, I am informed by an approved judge in these 
things, can be nothing else than the hollow root of the 
Fucus polyschicles; not unfirequent on the western 
coast of S. 

♦ MERRY, ad/. A term used by a chief or com- 
mander in addressing his soldiers ; Mtf merry 

Sir W. Scott deduces merry as thus used, from 
Teut. mirigh, strong, bold. But I cannot find this 
word in any lexicon. 
MERRY-DANCERS, 8. pi] Add; 
% The vapours arising from the earth in a warm 
day, as seen flickering in the atmosphere, Roxb. 
Summer-coutSy S.B. 

" I've seen the merry ^dancers" is a phrase com- 
monly used, when it is meant to intimate that one 
has remarked a presage of good weather. 
MERRY-H Y N E, s. 1. A merry-hyne to him or 
it^ a phrase used by persons when they have sot 
quit of what has rather annoyed them, Aberd. 
% To get one*s merry-hyne^ to receive one^s dis- 
mission rather in a disgraceful manner ; applied 
to servants, ibid. ; from Hyne^ hence. 
MERRY-MEAT, s. « The same with Arim- 
meringy the feast at a birth ;** Gall Encycl. 
V. Blithe-meat. 
MERRY-METANZIE, s. A game among 
children, generally girls, in Tweeddale, Fife, 
and other parts of Scotland. They form a ring, 
within which one goes round with a handker- 
chief, with which a stroke is given in succession 
to everyone in the ring ; the person who strikes, 
or the taker^ still repeating this rhyme ; 
Here I gae round the jingie ring. 
The jingie ring, the jingie ring. 
Here I gae round the jingie ring. 
And through my merry^metanzie. 
Then the handkerchief is thrown at one in the 
ring, who is obliged to take it up and go through 
the same process. 

The only probable conjecture I can form is, that 
the game had been originally used in grammar- 
schools, in which Latin seems to have been employed 
even in their plays ; and that thus it has been de- 
nominated from the principal action. Me tange, 
'* touch me." This may have been combined with 
an £. adjective supposed to characterise the game. 
Though apparently insipid enough, it might be ac- 
counted a very merry pastime by those who had 
broke loose from their confinement under a peda- 
gogue. Merry may, however, be from Fr. mire, pried 
into, narrowly observed ; in allusion to the eye of 
the person who watches the ring, in order to throw 
the handkerchief to most advantage. 

The following account of the game has also been 
given me, which must be descriptive of the mode 


in some part of the country :«*A sport of female 
children, in which they form a ring, dancing round 
in it, while they hold each other by the hands, and 
singing as they move. In the progress of the play, 
they by the motion of their hands imitate the whole 
process of the laundry, in washings starching, dry* 
ing, and ironing, S. 

MERSE, a. 1. A flat and fertile spot of ground 

between hills, a hollow, Nithsdale. 
There's a maid has sat o' the green merse side, 

Thae ten lang years and mair ; . 
An' every first night o' the new moon. 
She kames her yellow hair. 

Mermaid qf GcUloway. 

" Sit down i' the gloming dewfall on a green 
merse side, araang the flowers," &c. Remains of 
Nithsdale Song, p. 230, 247. 
2. Alluvial land on the side of a river, Dumfr. 
S. Also expl. ^' Ground gained from the sea, con- 
verted into moss,'' Dumfr. 

Perhaps as having been originally a marsh, or 
under water, -from Teut. mersche, marse, palus. But 
I rather think that it is from C.B. meryz, " that is flat 
or low, a wet place," meryz y mor, *' the sea-sledge;"* 
Owen. He refers to mer, " that is down or stagnant/* 
and gfvys, a bottom, also, " low." 
MER V ADIE, adj. Sweet, and at the same time 

brittle, Galloway. 

*' Any fine sweet cake is said to be mervadie ; this- 
word and merlie are some way connected." Gall. Enc 

C.B. mervedig signifies insipid* But this does not 
correspond. V. Mervie, which must be radically 
the same word. 

MERVY, Mae VIE, adf. 1. Rich, mellow; ap- 
plied to fruits, potatoes, &c., Dumfr. 
S. Savoury, agreeable to the taste^ ibid. ; synon. 

Smervy^ S.B. 

Dan. marv, marrow ; whence marvag^y full of 
MERVIL, adj. Inactive ; applied both to body 

and mind, Roxb. ; evidently the same with 

Marbely Loth. 

C.B. martvaawl, of a deadening quality ; manpald, 
torpid ; marrval-au, to deaden. 
MESALL, Mysel, adj. Leprous.] Add; 

It is applied to swine, Aberd. Reg. " Ane myeeil 
swyne." V. 15, p. 6*56. 

It is also conjoined with the synon. term lyper, 
or leprous. '^ The quhilk swyne wes fundin ^per 
meselL" Ibid. 

O.E. " Mysell. Leprosus." Prompt Parv. 
MESE OF HERRiNGjfivehundred herrings.] Add; 

Armor, maes, a bushel ; Roquefort, vo. muL 

MESLIN, Maslin, s. Mixed corn, S.O., GL 

Sibb. V. Mashun. 

" Wheat, rye, meslin." Aberd. Reg. A 1545, V. 19^ 
MESOUR, s. Measure, Aberd. Reg. 
To MESS AND MELL, 1. To have famUiar 

intercourse, Ayrs. 

" But this is an observe that I have made on the 
intellectual state of my feUow-citiaens, since I be- 
gan, in my voyages and travels, to mett and meU more 
with the generality of mankind." Steam-Boat, p. 88, 

•_ »» 


2. To mingie at one megs. It seems to be a 

proverbial phrase in the West of S. 
MESS AN, 8. 1. A small dog, S.] Add; 

This term occurs in a pro v. expressive of the strong- 
est contempt and ridicule that can well be conceived. 

" We hounds slew the hare^ quoth the messan;"^ 
spoken to insignificant persons when they attribute 
to themselves any part of a great atchievement." 
Kelly, p. 349. 
MESS AN DEW, *. An hospital, S. The term 

is often written in this manner in legal deeds. 

V. Massokdew. 
MESS-BREID, *. The bread used in cele- 
brating mass. 

" Ane pair ofmesS'breid imis." " Mesbreid iyrnis. 
Aberd. Reg. A. 1543, V. 18 ; i. e. irons for bringing 
the wafers into proper form. 
MESSIGATE, *. The road to the church, Orkn. 

Obviously from Isl. meua, missa, celebratio sa- 
crorom, and gata, via, semita ; like messubok, liber 
ritualis, messU'klaedi, amictus sacer, &c. 
MESSINGERIE, *. The office of a messen- 


*' That he onnawyss ressaue ony maner of personis 
to the office of messifigerie in tyme cuming, except 
it be in the place of ane of the personis that salbe 
thocht meit to be retenit — ^be his deceiss or depriva- 
tioun." Acts Ja. VI. 1587, Ed. 1814, p. 449- 
MESS-SA Y£R, s. The contemptuous term used 

by our Reformers asdenominating a mass-priest. 

*' Let any mess-sayer or emest mantvner tnereof 
be deprehended in any of the forenamed crymes, na 
executioun can be had, for all is done in hatrent of 
his religioun," &c. Knox's Hist. p. 312. 
MET, V. aux. May ; used for Mat or Mot 
O wae be to thee, thou silly auld carle. 
And aye an ill dead met ye die ! 

Jacobile Relics, ii. 55. V. Mat. 
MET, Mett, 8. 1. Measure.], Add; 
2. A measure of a determinate kind, S.] Add; 

" Tuelf meltis of salt" Aberd. Reg. Cent. 16. 
Methowss, 8, A house for measuring. ^' Ane 

commounem^^jip^^for victuall.^ Aberd. Reg. 
Mbtluyme, 8, An instrument for measuring. 

" Quhilk he met & mesurit with his awin pek & 
mdlutfme" Aberd. Reg. Cent. 16. 
IVf STSTER, 8. 1. A person legally authorised to 

measure, S. ^' Metstar^ Aberd. Reg. 
S. The designation given to the commissioners 

appointed by Parhament for regulating the 

weights and measures of the kingdom. 

*' Reference to the Secreit Counsell anent met-- 
steris.'* Tit Act Ja. VI. 1621, £d. 1814, p. 632. 
Met-stick, 8. A wooden instrument or bit of 

wood used for taking the measure of the foot, S. 

Arrested brats around their grand sire kneel. 

Who takes their measurement from toe to heel ; 

The met'Slick par^d away tA suit the size. 

He bids at length the impatient captives rise. 

FiliageFair, Black w. Mag. Jan. 1821, p. 432. 
Mettege, 8. Measurement. 

" The meitege of colis, [coals]] salt, lym, come, 
fruity and sic mensturable gudis." Aberd. Reg. Y..24. 


M B W 

Mensturable is obviously for Mensurable. 
METAL, 8. The name given to stones used for 

making a road, S. 
To Metal a Roady to make or repair it with 

stones broken down, S. 

'* With regard to the form of these turnpike roads, 
they are from 80 to 40 feet wide, independent {r. 
independently^ of the drains on each side. They are 
metalled, as it is called, with stones broken toa snudl 
size, in the middle, to a depth of 10 or 1 2 inches, gra- 
dually decreasing to four inches at the sides." Agr. 
Surv. Stirlings. p. 821. 
MET-BURDIS, Mett-burdis, 8. pi 

" That Thomas Kirkpatrick — sail restore— twa 
kistis and a ark, price xl s. ; twa met-burdis, a we* 
schale almery," &c. Act. Dom.Conc. A. 1488, p. 92. 

"ThatSchirJohne — content and pay e for— ji new 
tubbis, xii d. ; a pare of new cardis, xxx d. ; ii mett^ 
burdis, iiii s." Act. Audit A. 1478, p. 82. 

Perhaps boards or tables for holding meat ; tables 
for family use at meals. A.S. met, cibus, and bord, 

" John Lindissay — sail restore — a kow of a def<Nrce, 
a salt mert, a mask fat, iij mete gudis" &c. Act. Dom. 
Cone A. 1 472, p. 88. 

Most probably measures, q. vessels for meting 
goods; unless we should suppose that gudis is for 
cudis, tubs. 
METHINK, V. impers. Methinks.] Add; 

Semys fTte is an example of the same construction; 
Doug. Virgil, 874. 19- 

O douchty King, thou askis counsale, said he^ 

Of that matere, quhilk as semys me,- 

Is nouthir dirk nor doutsum, but full dere. 

Him thocht is used in a similar manner ; Barbour, 
iv. 618, MS. 

Him thocht weill he saw a fyr, &c. 
METING, 8. A glove called a mitten. 

'^ Item a pare of metingis for hunting." Inven- 
tories, p. 11. V. Mittens. 
METTLE, adj. Capable of enduring much 

fatigue, Ettr. For. 

Nearly allied to £. mettled, spritelj. Serenius, how- 
ever, derives the E. word, not from Metal, but from 
Isl. maete, excellentia. In this language me^/e// denotes 
a wedge for cutting iron ; and meitU^ is to cut iron 
with such a wedge. 
To MEUL, Mioi^ V. n. To mew, or cry as a 

cat, S. Lat. miavJAZ'are^ Fr. miavl-er^ id. 
MiOLiNG, 8. A term borrowed from the cat, to 

denote the cry of the tiger. 

— " Mioling of tygers, bruzzing of bears," &c* 
Urquhart's Rabelais. V. Cheepino. 
MEW, 8. " Make na twa mews of ae daughter;'' 

Ferguson's S. Prov.] Add; 

I am now satisfied that this must be a corr. of the 
S. word Maick, a son-in-law. Thus it appears that 
Kelly, although he says " the sense I do not under* 
stand," comes very near the truth in adding,^-'' ta«. 
ken from the Latin, 

Eaedem filiae duos generos parare." Pror. p. S 55. 

This more nearly approaches the pron. of A.Bor.. 
meaugh, id* 

M Y C 


ME WITH, 3. p. V. Moveth ?1 Add; 

Meue was the form of the v, in O.E. *' I meue or 
styrre from a place ;" Palsgr. B. iii. F. SOO, b. 
To MEWT, V, 71. To mew as a cat] Add; 

Although this term has been understood by Kelly 
in this sense, yet finding no synon.^ I hesitate whether 
it is not to be expl. with greater latitude, as signify- 
ing to murmur ; as allied perhaps to Teut mti^^-eit 
murmurare, Lat. mut-ire. 
MY, interj. Denoting great surprise, Roxb. 

Perhaps the same with Teut. my, me ; used like 
Lat. me, O me perditum ! Miseram me I 
To MI AUVE, V, n. To mew, as a cat, Buchan. 

V. the letter W. 
MICE-DIRT, s. The dung of miccy S. 

" Had I as muckle black spice, as he thinks him- 
self worth of mice-dirt, I would be the richest man 
of my kin." S. Pro v. " Spoken satyrically of proud 
beaus, whom we suspect to be highly conceited of 
their own worth." Kelly, p. 1 53. V. Dirt, s. 
MICELED, preL v. Expl. " Did eat somewhat 

after the way of mice ;" Gall. Encycl. 

This, I think, must be improperly spelled, to suit 
the idea of its formation from mice. The word, I 
am informed, is pron. q. Meysel or Meyssle, q. v. 

Teut. meuseUen seems to include the idea. Pitis- 
sare, ligurire, et clam degu stare paulatim. MieseU 
en, nebulam exhalare> can have no affinity. 
MICHAELMAS MOOxN, 1. A designation 

commonly given to the Harvest Moon, S. 
" The Michaelmas Moon rises ay alike soon. 

'^The moon, at full, being then in the opposite sign, 
bends for some days towards the tropick of Cancer, 
and so rising more northerly, rises more early. My 
country people believe it to be a particular provi- 
dence of God that people may see to get their com 
in." Kelly, p. 334, SS5. V. Lift, v. 
% Sometimes used to denote the produce of a raid 

at this season, as constituting the portion of a 


^' Anciently, this moon was called the Michaelmas 
moon, was hailed by some of our ancestree as a mighty 
useful thing for other purposes, — viz. in reaving and 
making inroads, many a marauder made a good for- 
tune in her beams. The tocher which a doughty bor- 
derer gave a daughter was the result of his reaving 
during this moon." Gall. Encycl. 

'^ Mary Scot, the flower of Yarrow — was descended 
from the Dryhopes, and married into the Harden 
family. Her daughter was married to a predecessor 
of the present Sir Francis Elliot, of Stobbs. — There 
is a circumstance, in their contract of marriage, that 
merits attention, as it strongly marks the predatory 
spirit of the times. The father-in-law agrees to keep 
lus daughter for some time after the marriage, for 
which the son-in-law binds himself to give him the 
profits of the first Michaelmas moon" Stat. Ace. Par. 
Selkirk, ii. 437, 438. 

MYCHARE,^. A covetous sordid fellow. 
Scho callit to hir cheir — 
A milygant and a viy chare. 

Colkelbie Sotv, F. i. v. 56- 

It is written micher by Chaucer and Skinner. Ac- 
cording to the meaning attached to mychyn. Prompt. 


Parv., it seems strictly to wgnify a pilferer. " My^ 
chyn or prively stelyn smale thyngs. Surripio." 

Fr. tniche a crumb, a small fragment. L.B. mich^ 
id., micar^ius, qui micis vivit, vel eas recoUigit, Du 
Cange ; q. one who lives by gathering fragments. 
MICHTFULL, adj. Mighty, powerful. 

— " Tak ane gude hert, and put your confidence 
in him, he is ane michtful God, quha will releif yow 
of it, and send yow your helth, as he did the Erie 
of Murray, quha wes brutit to haue gottin the like 
wrang [hy poison^ in France." Supplicatioun Coun- 
tess of Athole, 1579, Acts Ja. VI. Ed. 1814, p. 176. 
MICHTIE, adj. 3. Strange, surprising.] Add; 
4. Potent, intoxicating; applied to liquors, and 

synon. with Stark^ S.B. « 

" Stark mychty wynes, & small wynes." Aberd. 
Reg. Cent. l6. 

MICKLE-MOUTH'D, Muckle-mow'd, adj. 

Having a large or wide mouth, S. V. Mekyl. 

" Mickle-mouih'd folk are happy to their meat," S. 
Prov. ; " spoken by, or to them who come oppor- 
tunely to eat with us." Kelly, p. 253. 

I have alway s heard it thus : " Muckle-mouth'd folk 
hae a luck to their meat;" and applied only as a sort 
of consolation to one whose face is rather disfigured 
by the disproportionate size of the mouth. 

MIDDEN, &c. s. 1. A dunghill, S.j Add; 
2. Metaph. used to denote a dirty slovenly woman, 

S. ; synon. heap. 
8. An eating midden^ used as a phrase expressive 
of the highest possible contempt for one who is 
a mere belly god, who sacrifices every thing to 
the gratification of appetite, Angus. 
MiDDKN-DUB, s. A holc into wbich the juice or 
sap of a dung-hill is collected, S.O. 
" A causeway about 6 feet broad, formed of large 
stones carelessly laid down, led to the fore-door, be- 
yond which at the distance of 8 or 10 feet, was the 
dungstead, with a pond of putrid water, termed the • 
midden-dub, into which the juices of the dung were 
collected ; and dead dogs, cats, &c. were thrown." 
Agr. Surv. Ajrrs. p. 115. 

MiDDiNG-DUNG, s. Manure from a dunghill, S. 
•* Midding'dung, either ufimixed or compounded 
with earth, — if it be designed for grain, it should be 
plowed into the ground as soon as possible after it 
18 laid on it, to prevent waste by exhalation." Max- 
well's Sel. Trans, p. 200. 

Midden-head, s. The summit of a dunghill, S. 
To be heard on the midden-hecul^ to quarrel 
openly; a metaph. borrowed from dunghill- 
fowls, S. 

And that he wad like me, I hae no fear ; 
Had of the bargain we made an outred, 
Wese no be heard upon the midden head. 

^ Ross's Helenore, p. 85. 

MiDDiNG-MouNT, MiDDEN-MouNT, 8. A Singu- 
lar species of rampart used by the inhabitauts 
of the city of Edinburgh, during the reign of 
Charles I., in defending themselves against the 
batteries of the castle. 

" They raise fortifications to defend the town a- 
gainst the violence of the castle ; they raise midding 

M I E 


mounls upon the causewayj and fill up sundry houses 
with sand and water to resist fire works. Before any 
answer came frae the king, the truce expired, where- 
upon the town of Edinburgh began again to their for- 
tifications, raised midden mounts at Heriot's Work, and 
upon the causeway, and sundry other parts within and 
about the town for their defence." Spalding, i. 215. 

This is a use to which it is not generally known 
that thejul^ie o£ the Good Town has been applied. 
MiDDEN-sTEAD, s. The spot wheFc a dunghill 

is formed, S. 

" If you had challenged the existence of Red-cowl 
in the castle of Glenstirym, old Sir Peter Pepper- 
brand would have had ye out to his court-yard, made 
you betake yourself to your weapon, and if your trick 
offence were not the better, would have sticked you 
like a paddock on his own baronial middetistead" An- 
tiquary, i. 197- 

'^ I was e'en taking a spell o' worthy John Quackle- 
ben's Flower of a Sweet Savour, sawn on the Midden-- 
stead of this World,' said Andrew." Rob Roy, ii. 69* 
MiDDEN-TAP, s. The summit of a dunghill. If 

a crow fly over a dunghill, it is viewed in some 

places as a certain presage of bad weather. 
This morning bodes us ill. 
For the gray crow fiew o'er the middefi^tap. 
An' croak'd his hollow notes before the ra'en. 

Raen, raven. Davidson's Seasons, p. Q5. 

* MIDGE, 8, This not only denotes a gnat as in 

£., but is the only term used by the vulgar for 

a musqueto. 

'* Midges, gnats ; musquetoes ;" Gl. Antiq. 
MIDLENTREN, Midlentrane, Mydlen- 

TERENE, 8, The middle of the fast of Lent. 

" At myd lentrane nix thareftir following." — '' Be- 
tuix this & Sonday mydlentrene nixt to cum." Aberd. 
Reg. A. 1538, V. l6. 

** And gif he outtit nocht the said, &c. betuix this 
& mydlentrane nixt cumis." Ibid. 

This nearly resembles the A.S. phraseology, itftot- 
lenclen, JVIidlent; Mid^l^nctenes sunnan^aeg, Midlent 
Sunday. V. Lentryne. 
MIDLYNGIS, 8. pL Apparently, a particular 

description of pins. 

*' xviij paperis of prenis, the price xxvij sh., ane 
bout of midlyngis the price vj sh., & tua hankis of 
wyir Qwire] the price xxiiij sh." Aberd. Reg. A. 
1543, V. 18. Perhaps pins of a middling size. 
To MiDS, V. a. To strike a medium. 

— '* The two great sects of the antient lawyers 
were divided. — ^But Trebonian midseth the matter 
thus, that if the product can easily be reduced to the 
first matter^ the owners of the matter remain pro- 
prietars of the .whole, as when a cup or other artifact 
is made of metal," &c. Stair's Inst B. ii. T. 1 . sec. 41. 
MipWIxVTER-DAY, s. The name anciently 

given to the brumal solstice* 

" From the time of celebrating our Lord's advent, 
in order of nature our days lengthen, our nights shor- 
ten^ and was of old called Midwinter'day, or Midwin* 
ter-mas, or feast." Annand's Mysterium Pietatis, p. 27. 

This term is expl. vo. Yule-e'bn, q, v. 
MIELDS, 8. pL The north-country pronuncia* 

tion of MootdSy dust of the grave, 


She's got, I fear, what wedding she will gett, 
That's wi' the mields, sae that need's be nae lett. 
Ross's Helenore, First £d. p. 74. 
Mouldy £d. Third, p. 51. 
" Married to the mools" a proverbial phrase used 
of a young woman, whole sole bridal-bed is the grave. 


MIENE, 8. Interest, means used; the same with 


'^ Gif it happenis the said Schir Alexander to de- 
cess,— *his said son and ayr — sal be obliste to delyuir 
the said castel freli to hir, — sa that nouthir the said 
Schir Alexander, & nought the neirrar the deede 
Qdeath^ be the miene of the said princesse, Mr pro- 
curatioune or seruantis." Pari. Ja. II. A. 1439> Fd. 
1814, p. 54. 
MIFF, 8, A pettish humour, S. 

" Mr. Oldbuck — always wished to be paid with 
regularity ; Sir Arthur was not always, nor indeed 
often, prepared to gratify this reasonable desire; and, 
in accomplishing an arrangement between tendencies 
so opposite, little mt/^ would occasionally take place." 
Antiquary, i. 106. 

I hesitate whether this should be viewed as a me- 
taph. use of Teut muffe, mucor, mephitis ; as regard- 
ing meat which has contracted a bad smell. 
MYID, Meid, 8, A mark, Fife. V. Meith. 
MYIS, (pi. of Mus) mice; A.S. Isl. mt/s. 
As he wes syttand at the mete, 
Wyth myis he wes swa wmbesete. 
That wyth hym and hys menyh^ 
He mycht na way get sawft^. 

Wyntown, vi. 14. 107. 
MYLD, 8, 

" Foure spindillis of yron for myldis of double and 
quarter falcoun." Inventories, A. 1578, p. 254. 

" Nyne spindillis of yron sum for bowing and u- 
theris my Id spindillis formoyane, double, and quar- 
ter falcoun." Ibid. p. 255. 
MILDS, Miles, 8. pL The Chenopodium album 

et viride. Loth., Roxb. V. Midden-Mylies. 

Norv. melde, Chenopodium urbicum ; Hallager. 
MILE, *. Wild celery, Apium graveolens,Linn. ; 

Roxb., &C. 

The tradition of the South of S. asserts that those 
who were persecuted for their adherence to Presby- 
tery, during the reigns of Charles II. and James II., 
in their hiding places oflen fed on this plant. 
MYLES, 8. Expl. " wild spinnage,'' Loth. 

This is the Chenopodium album et viride ; the 
same with Midden-Mylies, In Ettr. For. this is some- 
times eaten with salt, in times of scarcity. 
MILES, 8. pi. A small animal found on the dis- 
eased intestines and livers of sheep, Roxb., Sel-. 

kirks.»Liddesd.; called in other counties a F/exoA:. 

It seems originally the same with Teut mUuwe, 
acarus, teredo ; a little worm in ships, also a moth 
that frets garments. 
MYLIES, The small links, on a fishing-rod, 

through which the line runs, S. V. Mailyie. 
MILYGANT, Myligant, s. A false person. 
Scho callit to hir cheir~ 
A milygant and a mychare. 

Colkelbie Sonf, F. i. v. 56^ 

M I L 

M I L 

—All the 6U3rni8 awnaris— 
Herand thair awin swyne cry. 
With thir myligantis machit, 
Afferd the f ulis had thame kachit 

Ibid. V. 205. 
O.Fr. male-gerd, mechant, mauvais ; Roquefort. 

♦ To MILITATE, v. n. To have eflfect, to 
operate ; but not as including the idea of oppo- 
sition, as in the use of the word in E. 

" Whatever reasons persuaded the modelling and 
reducing the several associations, — ^the same militated 
still to enforce the necessity and reasonableness of 
assuming new arts and trades that come in request." 
Fountainh. Dec. Suppl. iii. 66 ; also in p. 67* 

To MILK, V. a. " To steal ;'' Gl. Picken. V. 

Mill, v. 
MiLK-AND-MEAL, s. The commoD designation 

for milk-porridge, S.B. 

This phrase is certainly of northern origin : for 
Isl. mioelmiolk is rendered by Haldorson, cractogala, 
and by the Dan. term melkevelling, i. e. porridge made 
of milk, q. milk-boUing, 
MiLK-BROTU, 8. Broth, in making which milk 

has been used instead of water, S. 

^' The most economical way of using bear, or bar* 
ley, is when it is — ^boiled with a little butter,— or 
with milk, when it is called milk-broth" Agr. Sury. 
Aberd. p. 518. V. Barefoot-broth. 
Milker, s, A cow that gives milk, S.] Add ; 

'^In the countries situated on the Murray and Beau- 
ly Friths, the cattle are heavier and better milkers, 
than the Highland cows." Agr. Surv. Invern. p. 251. 

*' I hae sax kye — a* as famous milkers as e'er strid- 
dled a goan, but no was yell as my pike-staff." Blackw. 
Mag. June 1820, p. 288. 

MiLK-GowAN, 8. A yellow flower whose stem con- 
tains a humour similar in consistence and ap« 
Searance to butter-milk; Dandelion, Leonto- 
on taraxacum, Linn. ; Ettr. For. 
From the description given, this seems to be the 

same with that called the fVitch-gowan, Dumfr. 

MiLK-uousE, 8, A dairy, a house in which the 
milk is kept previous to its being made into 
cheese or butter, S. 
" A milk-house must be cool, but free from damp, 

and admitting of the circulation of air." Agr. Surv. 

Peeb. p. 81. 

Sw. mioelk-hus, id. 

* Milky, ad;. Denotingthat particular state which 

the farinaceous part of grain assumes when the 

ear is filled, but not begun to grow white, Clydes. 

'' Green pease and barley, when the ear is just be* 
come mt7A^— -spoiled by 4 degrees [of cold|]." Agr. 
Surv. Clydes. p. 1 1. 

" Oats, when the ear is milhf, by 6." Ibid. p. IS. 
Milk-madlocks> V. Madlocks. 
MiLKM aid''s path, the milky way, a constellation, 


'' Waes me but that lang baldric o' sta1*s, called the 
mUknumTspath, looks ripe and ready for rain/' Blackw. 
Mag. Nov. 1820, p. 146. 
Milk-meat, 8. Miik and meal boiled together, 

and served up as a dish, S.B. ; synon^ Milk-and* 

Meal 120 

This term was used in O.E. ^' Milke mete or mete 
made of my Ike. Lactatum.Lacticinium ."Prompt. Par v. 

Isl. miolkr-matr, Dan. melke-mad, lacticinia, esca 
Milkkess, 8. 2. Milk itself, improperly, S.] Add; 

This use of the term is at least more than three 
centuries old. 

— " The saidis personis sal] — ^pay — ^for the proffit 
of the mtflkness of the said five ky be the said space 
[[three years^ extendin to xv stane of cheiss, price of 
the stane ij s. For the proffit of the mylknes of the 
said iiijn of yowis be the said thre y eris xlviij stane 
of cheiss, price of the stane ij s." Act Dom. Cone. 
A. 1492, p. 289. 

This act is curious and interesting, as it affords the 
ratio of calculation as to the annual produce of live 
stock, and also the profits arising from them. 

** I cannot help thinking the stirks throve better 
in the ould Dairy's time, though, to be sure, in ma« 
naging the milkness, she was none of the cleanest.^ 
Saxon and Gael, i. 153. 
8. A dairy.] Add ; 

*' A dairy, in the North, is called the Milkness ; as 
the Dairy-maid is, in all parts, a Milk-maid." Cowel, 
vo. Dayeria. Add, as sense 
4. The produce of the dairy, in whatever form, S. 

— '' Grass and corns were burnt up and dried in 
the blade, whilk made also great scarcity of all milkm 
nesSf butter and cheese." Spalding, ii. 27- 

The passage from Ross, given sense 1., properly 
belongs to this. 
MILKORTS, Milkworts,^. p2. The name pven 

to the root of the Campanula Rotundifolia, S.B. 
To MILL, V. a. To steal, Renfr. 
His dearie glad o' siccan routh. 
To mill a note was aye right ready. 

Ai. Wilson's Poems 1790, p. 73. 

Undoubtedly the same with the £. cant verb Mill, 
to rob ; and also with that in Dict., to Mill one ovi 
of a thing. Picken gives to Milk, as synon. with Mill, 
" to ste^." This can only be viewed as a figurative 
use of the £. v. 
To MILL one, v. a. To give one a beating, to 

drub, &c., Renfrews. 

Probably from Isl. mel-ia contmidere, q. to bruise 
as in a mill. 
MILL, 8. A snuff-box.] Add; 

As soon as I can find my mill, 
Ye'se get a snuff vV right guid will. 

Picken' s Poems, i. 117- 
MILL ART, Millxbt, «. A provincialism for 

Miller^ Aberd. 

The millarfs man, a suple fallow. 

Ban's he had been red wud. 
Christmas Ba'ing, Skinner^s Misc. Poet. p. ISO* 
In Edit 1805, The millerl lad, &c 
Mill-ban kock, 8. ^^ A circular cake of oat-meaU 

with a hole in the centre, — generally a foot in 

diameter, and an inch in thickness. It is baked 

at milb^ and haitmed or toasted on the burning 

seeds of shelled oats, which makes it as brittle as 

if it had been baked with butter ;^ Gall. Enc^ 
Mill-bitch, 8. The name given to a small pock 

or bag, clandestinely hung up by the miller, so 


as toreceiTeaqaantity of mealy ibrhisownprofit^ 

through a chink made for the purpose, S.A. 

This is a cant terro^ originally invented by the 

miller for concealment ; as he was wont to say to his 

knave or servant, in allusion to the use of a dog, 

Hae ye set the bitch ? 

MiLL-CLOOsE, *, " The boxed wood-work which 
conducts the water into the mill-wheels ;^ GalL 
MiLL-EE, Mill-eye, s. The eye or opening in 
the hupes or cases of a mill, at which the meal is 
let out, S. 

'* The wretches are obliged to have at least fifty 
in each parish, — ^under the thatch of a roof no big- 
ger than a bee*hive, instead of a noble and seemly 
baron's mill, that you would hear the clack of through 
the haill country ; and that casts the meal through 
the mill-eye by forpits at a time/' Pirate, i. 264. 
A pawky cat came j&ae the ndlUeef 
Wi' a bonnie bowsie tailie.— 

Remains ofNithsdale Song, p. 67* 
An' ay whan passengers bye war gaun, 

A doolfu' voice cam frae the mUUee, 
On Saturday's night when the dock struck one> 
Cry'n, " O Rab Riddle, hae mercy on me f* 
Hogg's Mountain Bard, p. I9. 
Mill-ee is often, in leases, used as signifying the 
whole mill and pertinents, Mearns. 
MILLER OF CARSTAIRS, a proverbial allu- 

'^ Sir G. Lockhart said the Lords were like to the 
miller qfCarstairs, drew all to themselves. And truly 
this decision has no shadow of reason but the clerks' 
advantage." Pountainh. Dec. Suppl. ii. 588. 
5fo Drown tKe MiUery 1. A phrase commonly 
used in regard to baking, when too much water 
is put in, and there is not meal enough to brin^ 
the dough to a prt^r consistence,* S. 
It obviously alludes Jto the miller having such an 
overflow of water that he cannot carry on Els op«ra« 

2. Applied to the operation of making punch or 
toddy y when more water is poured id than corre- 
sponds to the quantity of spirituous liquor, S. 
'' He shall drmk off the yawl full of punch.' 

* Too much water drowned the miller/ answered 
Triptolemus." The Pirate, ii. 64. 

3. Transferred to any thing, which, however ac- 
ceptable in itself, defeats the end for which it ia 
desired, by its excess or exuberance, S. 
" Turning to Edie, he endeavoured to put money 

into his hand. ' I think,' said Edie, as he tendered it 
back again, ' the hale folk here have either gane 
daft, or they hae made a vow to ruin my trade, as 
they say ower muckle water drowns the rmUer'' The 
Antiquary, ii. 11 6, 

4. It seems used to demote bankruptcy. 

Honest men's been ta'en for rogues. 

Whan bad luck gars drown the nUller, 
Hunted 'maist out o' their brogues, 
Fortune-smit for lack o' siller. 

A. Scott^s Poems, p. 84. 
MiLL-asBK, s. The name given to a disease 

among minors^ Lanarks. 
Vol. ii. 121 

*' The miners and smelters are subject here [Lead- 
hills,] as in other places, to the lead distemper, or 
nuU^reek, as it is called here ; which brings on palsies, 
and sometimes madness, termhiating in death in about 
ten days." Pennant's Tour in S. 1772, p. ISO. 
MiLN-KYND, MiLL^YND^ s. A piece of iron, re- 
sembling a Btsnt o* the rowel oi an old spur, sunk 
in the centre of the upper mill-stone. There is 
a square orifice in the middle of it, for receiv- 
ing the iron spindle, fixed in the lower stone, 
on which spindle the upper one turns, S. 
^ '* Gif ony man — ^violentlie and masterftillie spulU 
yies and takis away the mifyi-tynd, or ony uther ne- 
cessar part of the miln, without the quhilk scho can 
nather grind nor gang, he aucht and sould refound-*- 
the damnage," &c. Balfour's Pract. p. 496. 

Allied perhaps to Isl. rind-a, Su.G. rend^, pellere, 
propellere ; as denoting that by which the stone is 
driven round. 

MiLL-BiNO, s. 1. The open space in a mill be- 
tween the runner and tne wooden frame sur- 
■ rounding it, by making which very large and 
wide the miller collected for himself a great 
deal of meal, S. Hence the phrase, to Rinff the 
Mia. V. Ring. 
2. The meal which remains in the ring, or round 
about the millstones, S. This is considered as 
a perquisite belonging to the miller. 
'' A number of the mill-masters apply the ndJUring 
(i. e. the corn that remains about the mill-stones,} 
to the feeding of horses." Agr. Surv. Aberd. p. 506. 

Mill-steep, s. A lever fixed to the machinery 
of corn-mills, by which the mill-stones can be 
put closer to, or more apart from each other,- 
at pleasure, Roxb. 

MiLL-sTsw, 8. The dust of a mill, S.] Add: 
Teut. «ofe»-^to/* signifies pollen, pollis, meaL 

MiLL-T£ows£, s. The sluice of a miUJead, Gall. 
" Mill-Cloose, the same with MUl-trowse." Gall. 

Encycl. ; q. the troughs that conduct the water. 

MILORD, Mt load, a designation very com- 
. monly given to a haggles in the South of S., 

probably from the idea of its being the ^* chief* 

tain of the pudding raoe.^ 
MILSIE, MiLsEr,^. A strainer. V. Milk-stth. 
MILSIE WALL, s. 1. A wall with crenated 

battlements ; a word still used by old people, 


The king granted to Mr. Thomas Craig, advocate, 
in 1582, a licence " to set forth before the syde wall 
of that teliement of land lying on the north side of the 
high street of Edin^ at the head of the close called 
Robert Bruce's close, pertaining to the said Mr. Tho« 
mas Craig in heritage, towers or high street pillars of 
stone, as far forth as the next adjacent neighbours had 
any stairs or steps thereof, at the least so far forth 
as the drop of the said tenement fell off before : And 
above the said Pillars to big a MUsie wall as many 
houses height as he should please, and to make the 
same with batdeling on the forewall, and other parts 
thereof as he should think good." Act Pari, in la- 
vour of Baillie of Jerviswo^U July 17> 1695. 

Fr. miUce, O.Fr. militie, warifare, q. resembling the 


M I N 

M I N 

walls raised for military defence. It has been con« 
jectured^ indeed, that a wall of this description might 
receive its name from a fancied resemblance to a Mt/^« 
^thy or Milsie, a milk-strainer, as perhaps being per* 
Crated or grated. Hence, perhi^s, 
2. MUsie-wcC is used to denote the wall of a dairy, 
in which there is a sort of window made of per- 
forated tin, Berwicks. 
.MIM,a^'. 1. Affectedly modest, prudish.] Add ; 

4. Affecting squeamishness in admitting what can- 
not justly be denied. 

'^ I must say, that as the best of our synods (for 
as mim as we have made it to this day) are justly 
chargeable with the blood of that renowned martyr 
[Guthrie] who died allenarly on the head of his 
Lord's supremacy in not owning him in that hour 
(O indelible shame i ), so God haSi leit these assem- 
blies, as a justpunishment for deserting this standards 
bearer, to do this which is a plain and palpable re« 
linquishing— -of his cause." M'Ward's Cont p« 323. 

5. Quiet, mute, S.B. 

It seems highly probable, that mm is merely a mo» 
dification of £. mum, silent. 
MiMLiE, adv. Prudishly, S. 
MiMi^Ess, 8. Prudishness, S. 
MiM-M0U£D, adj, 1. Reserved in discourse, not 

communicative , implying the idea of affectation 

of modesty. 

" I'm whiles jokin' an' tellin' her it's a stound o' 
love ; but you young leddies are a' sae mim^moued, if 
I wud lay the hair o' my head aneth her feet, I can 
get naething out o' her." Saxon and Gael, i. 1 61 . 

" I'm no for being mm-mou'{2 when there's no rea- 
son ; but a man had as gude, whiles, cast a knot on 
his tongue." The Smugglers, i. l64. 
8. Affectedly moderate at the table, S. 
3. Affected m the mode of speaking, S. 

'* Mim-mou'd, having an affected way of speaking." 
Gall. Encycl. 
MiM-Mou''i>N£S8, s, Affected or fiistidious mo* 

desty in conversation, S. 

MIMENTIS, Memorandums. 

— '^ And thar to ansuer to oure souueran lord-— 
apoun the treasonable mmerUis 6c writingis to the 
tressonable confederacioune of Inglismen, &c., and 
apoun the tressonable ressaving of ane persewant of 
the king of Inglandis, callit Blenmantk, with tress- 
onable lettrez, mimentis and writingis." Pari. Ja. III. 
1483, Ed. 1814, p. 151. 

Evidently used in a similar sense with memoranm 
dum, from Lat. memento* 

To MIND, v.n. 1. To remember, S.] Add; 
O dinna ye mind, Lord Gregory, 

As we sat at the wine. 
We chang'd the rings frae our fingers? 
And 1 can shew thee thine. 

Minstrelsy Border, ii 62. 
MIND, My)9d, s. Recollection, remembrance.] 

O.E. meende was used in the same sense. *' Meende, 
Memoria. Recordatio.— Mceiufe hauer. Memor." 


Prompt. Parv. 

Of gude mynd, a phrase often used in our old 

Acts, in relation to deceased soverei^s. 

'< That all & sindri laodis & possessiounis un« 

mouable, of the quhilkis o{ gude mjfndeVing James, 
quhame God assoilye, fadir til our souerane lorde 
that now is, the day of his deceiss had in peceabill 
possessioune, sal abide & remayn withe oure said 
souerane lorde that now is," &c« Acts Ja. II. 1445^ 
Ed. 1814, p. 33. 

This at first view might seem to express the good 
or praiseworthy intention of the prince referred to. 
But it is unquestionably equivalent to 'the phrase, 
" of good memory," or " of blessed memory." It 
corresponds to bone memorie in the Lat. Acts. 
To MYNDE, v. a. 1. To undermine. 

** The actioune — aganis Robert abbot of Halirud- 
houss — for the wrangwis causing of James Ancrome 
masoune to mynde & cast doun a kiching & a stane 
wall of a land & tenement belanging to the said Mar- 
gret," &c. Act Audit. A. 1488, p. 126. 
2. To dig in a mine, Tweedd. 
Mykde, Minde, s. a mine in which metals or 
minerals are dug, Tweedd. 
" Anent the-^bringing hame of bulyoune gold and 
siluire, and the having furthe of the gold of the 
mynde;* &c. Acts Ja. V. 1526, Ed. 1814, p. S06. 

** He maid ane minde undir erde, with sic ithand 
and continuall lauboure, that he ceissit nouthir day 
nor nicht, quhil ane passage wes maid fra the tentis 
to the castell of Fidena." Bellend. T. Liv. p. 341. 
MINENT, s, Corr. from E. minutCy Ettr. For. 
** They then spak amang themsels for five or six 
minents f'^'^Bn' at last the judge tauld me, that the 
prosecution against me was drappit for the present." 
Brownie of Bodsbeck, ii. 25. 
ToMing, Myxg, v,n. To mix, to mingle,Lanark8. 
— ^' Throw the negligence and avirice of the wir» 
karis and golde smithis, the said siluer gevin to thaim 
is mvnging with lave & vther stuife [stufiT] that is 
put m the said werK." ParL Ja. III. A. 1473^ Acts, 
Ed. 1814, p..lO. 
Mii^G, s. A mixture, Peebles. 

" We have heard of some managers of stock in a 
neighbouring county having, this season, salved theii: 
flocks with various sorts of mixtures, in none of which 
tar is an ingredient.— These mings do not clot the 
fleece as tar does, and of course, when the wool i» 
greased with them, the process of manu&cturing is 
rendered easier." Caled. Merc. Dec. 4, 1823. 

A.S. mencg'On, meng^an, miscere. V. Meno, th 
MINIKIN (pron. meeniJcin)^ s. A term used to 

denote any thing that is very^ small, Fife. 
Mikikin, oaf. Of the smallest size ; as, a minikin 
prein^ i. e. the smallest that is made, while one of 
the largest size is denominated a corkinpreifij S. 
In regard to signification, the most natural origin 
would seem to be Teut. min minus, whence minck'-en 
minuere, diminuere, as Isl. mynk-^a. Id., from minne 
minor. It may, however, be worthy of remark, that 
in form our term closely corresponds with Tent, min^ 
naJten, Venus, arnica, corcnlum; blandientis particula, 
says Kilian. This term, however, is a diminutive 
from minne, Belg. min, primarily denoting love, and 
secondarily a wet-nurse, from the tenderness of her 
affection to the child that is nourished at her breasts 
Sewel gives minnekind, a nurse-child, as if it were di& 
fyrent from minnekyn, a Cupid. But, for the reason 
assigned above, we are inclined to view them as otin 
ginally the same. V. the termination Kin. 

M I N 

M YNl VER, s. A spedes of fur brought from 

Russia, that of the iius Pcntkus ; £. meniver 

and minever, 

** Myniver the mantle-— iiii 1." Rates A. 1 6l 1. 

I mention this word^ as I have found it traced only 
to Fr. menu voir, id. But the term seems very an- 
cient; C.B. tnynfyr, genus quoddam pellitii, Boxhom. 
MINK, s. 1. A noose, Aberd. ; nearly synon. 

with MunkSj q. v. MuvlAe^ Meams. 
2. A ring of straw or rushes, used in adjusting the 

bow on an ox^s back, Aberd. 

He*-6its him down upo' the bink. 
An' plaits a theet, or mends a mink. 
To sair an after use. 

W. Beaili^s Tales, p. 31. 
M YNEES) s. A species of furr. 

^' Furres called Mynke*, vntawed the timber cont 
40 skins — ^xxiiiil." Rates^ A. l6ll. 
To M YNNES, v. a. To diminish. *« Mynnes^ 

inff of the paiss of bred of quhit of xxij vnce,'* 

Aberd. Reg. Cent. 16 ; i. e. ** the weight of 

wheaten bread." 
MINNIE, MiNKY, s. 1. A mother, S.] Add ; 
S. The dam, among sheep, S. 

-»^' A lost sheep— comes bleating back a' the gate 
<^to the very gair where it was lambed and first fol* 
lowed its minny," Brownie of Bodsbeck^ i. 28$. 
To Minnie lambs, to join each lamb, belonging 

to a flock, to its own dam, after they have been 

separated for some time; Loth. 

It is given as a proof of the accuracy of a shep- 
herd's acquaintance with his flock^ how incredible 
soever it may seem to those who are strangers to a 
pastoral life, that, after the lambs have been sepa* 
rated from the ewes^ he can minnie ilka lamb* 
MiNNiE^s BAiBN, the mothcr^s favourite, S. 

" There is many folk, they have ay a face to the 
old company^ they have a face for godlie folk, and 
they have a face for persecutors of godlie iblk, and 
they will he Daddie^s Bairns andMinnies Bairns both. 
They will be Frelats bairns, and they will be Ma^ 
lignant's bairns, dnd they will be the people of God's 
bairns." Mich. Bruce's Soul-Confirmation, p. 8. 
, MINNO YT, part. pa. Annoyed ? 
Suppose a chiel wou'd be a poet, 
An' is na i' the least minnoyt, 
Tho' wise fowk say he is begoyt. 

Or something worse ; 
To him the dogs may than be hojrt 
Wi' a' their force. 

Taylor's Scats Poems, p. 8. 
MINSHOCH (gutt.), s. « A female goat two 

years old C* Gall. Encycl. 

GaeL minnsagh, '^a yoimg she-goat," Schaw. 
Mionnan signifies a kid ; Ir. mionan, meannan, id. 
GaeL and Ir. mion is a term signifying small, little, 
frequently entering into the composition of words, 
as mionaimeis, small cattle. Sagh, in both languages, 
denotes a bitch; thus mionsagk might literally sig- 
nify, a little bitch. But the origin is more probably 
C.B. myn, a kid (Armor, id.), whence mynnyn, and 
n^nen, hoedulus et hcedula; Davies. The last syl«> 
liu>le of Minshoch may be merely the mark of diml* 
nution, with s intervening euphomae causa* 



To MINT, Mynt, v.n, 1. To aim, to take aim, 

&cj Add; 

O.E. mente. ^* I menie, I gesse or ay me to hytte a 
thyng that I shote or throwe at ; Je esme. — I dyd 
ment at a fatte bucke, but I dyd hyt a pricket ; Je 
esmoye a vng gras.dayn, mays ie assenay vng sail- 
lant." Palsgr. B. iii. F. Sd9> b. 
2. To attempt, to endeavour, S.] Add ; 

This sen^ also occurs in O.E. '^ Myntyn or ame 
to wor or assayen. Attempto." Prompt. Parv. 
To Mint at^ Add; 

I find the phrase, to mint at, used by Sir R. Con« 
stable, an unworthy Yorkshireman, who acted as a 
spy during the great insurrection in the north of 
England A. 156^70. 

'' He would have had me to have prevented the en« 
terprise, and to have taken it in England, but I tould 
him if I shuld n^ynt at it and mis, so should I ut« 
terly undo myself, and never after be able to do him 
pleasure." Sadler's Papers, ii. 112. 
To Mint withf used to denote the object with 

which an aim is taken* 

The bridd she mnied m' a bane. 

And grin'd [jgim'd^ at me because I said it. 
She said, aays she, say that again. 

And I'se gar you make ae thing twa o't. 

Herd's ColL u. 217. 
i. e. ** She took aim at me with a bone, as threaten* 
ing to throw it" 

Mint, s» 2. An attempt.] Add; 
8. Apparently used in the sense of E. threat, 

'' He grantit that he gaif him ignorantly a mynt of 
ane cuf, & tuechit him tharewith." Aberd. Reg. A. 
1560, V. 24. 

To MINT, V. n. To insinuate, to hint, to com- 
municate by inuendo, Ayrs. 

^' The Doctor has been minting to me, that there 
is an address from Irvine to the Queen ; and he be« 
ing so near a neighbour to your town, has been think* 
ing to pay his respecs with it, to see her near at 
hand." Black w. Mag. Jan. 1821, p. 369. 

Alem. flt-Twein-en communicare; ^pret, gUmeinla, 
MINUTE, s. The first draught of a writing, S. 

'' Minute — ^the first draught of any agreement in 
vmting ; this is common in the Scottish law : as. 
Have you made a mtnufe of that contract?" Johns.Dict. 
To Minute, v, a. To take short notes, or make 

a first draught of any writing, S. 
To MYPE, v.n. 1. To speak a great deal, Roxb. 
2j To be very diligent ; as, *' a mypin^ bodie," one 

who is constantly engaged, or eydent, ibid. 

ToMIRD,v.n. Tomeddle,toattempt,S.B.] Add; 
" I stirred my owne minde to find out what so 
notable a slippe that could b^, which hee had so 
singularly noted. But in my dulnes could see no- 
thing, except that there perhaps he thought some 
occasion might be catched to calumniat, or that there 
was ministred to him some matter of mirding" For* 
bes. To a Recusant, p. 27* 

To MIRD, V. n. To make amorous advances ; 

to toy in an amorous manner, Dumfr. ; as, 

" Mird wi' your maiks, ye smatchet.*" 

This may be merely a secondary sense of Mird, 

to attempt. But Gael, mirag signifies play, and 



mragack flportful; mear, merry^ wanton ; whence, 
as would seem, itnmeari and imirt, gaming, play. 
To MIRE, V. a. To entangle in a dispute, S. 

'' They finding themselves mired, stood not to deny 
it" Society Contendings, p. 194. 

The y. to Bog is used in the .same sense. 

MIRE-SNIPE, s. The snipe, Scolopax galli- 
nago, Linn. Isl. myr snippe^ id. 

MIRESNIPE, 8. An accident, Strathmore ; « I 

met wi^ a miresnipe^* 

Whence this metaph. use of the E. word has ori- 
ginated, it is hard to say ; as I find nothing analo- 
gous in any other dialect. Perhaps it may be meant 
to express the idea of entanglement in difficulty, as 
we say of one that he is mired ; and this oflen lite- 
rally befalls him who pursues the snipe. Or, as de* 
noting something unexpected, can it refer to the 
sudden spring of this bird from its miry bed ? 
The snipe, rous'd by the early traveller. 
Starts frae the slimy drain. — 

Davidson's Seasons, p. 156. 

Or may it refer to the snipe, which lives on gnats 
and other small insects, lying in wait tor them, with 
open beak ? As it receives its Fr. name beccasse from 
this circumstance, the same etymon is given of its 
Teut. name, ^neppe, Germ, schnepfe, Su.G. snaeppa; 
some deriving these from fte66,«n«66^, rostrum, others 
from snapp^en, schnapfen, to catch, to lay hold of. 

To Catch a miresnipe, togetintoabog, tomire 
one'*s self, Selkirks. . 

MIRK, Mybk, adj. Dark.] Add; 
2. It is used in the sense of duskish, and as dis- 
tinguished from dark. 
At length the sun does wear down low— 
The Embrugh wives cry, " Let us go 

'* And quit our wark ; 
" Tis after six, and mirk does grow ; 
" • Twill soon be dark." 

The Ear St Rig, st 100. 
Both myrke and myrkenesse occur in O.K. " Myrke 
or dirke. Tenebrosus. Myrkenesse or dirkenesse. 
Tenebrositas." Prompt. Parv. 

Dan. moerk is explained '^ duskish," as well as 
" dark ;" Wolff. 

Minx MONANDAY, a day of uncommon darkness, 
often referred '^to in the conversation of old 
people, S. 

" In 1652, — a total eclipse of the sun — ^happened, 
—on Monday the 24th of March, which hence re* 
ceived the appellation o£Mirk Monday." Edin. Rev. 
June 1 8 18, p. 29. 
To MiBK, V. a. To darken. 

Deep in a glen, a bumie winds it way. 
Where saughs and osiers mirk the face o' day. 

Poetical Museum, p. 45. 
Isl. myrk^a, Su.G. moerk^Offoermoerk-a, obscurare. 
Mirke is used by Lydgate, as a ». a. " I myrke, I 
darke, or make darke ;" Palsgr. iii. F. 801, a. 
To MiRXEN, V. n. To grow dark.] Jdd ; 

This nearly resembles the form of the Dan. v. ». 
moerkn^a. Det moerknes, it grows dark. 
MiRKNEss, s. 1. Darkness.] Jdd; 
2. Mental darkness. 

•— " The ministeris of mirknes, knawing in thair 
auin consciencis that thair maist vngodlieprofessione 


is contrare not onUe to the aathoritie of tlie halie 
scripture, and definitionis of the General condles,. 
bot also to the iudgement and aggreance of al catho-^ 
lik doctoris that euer hes baie sen the dayis o£ our 
Saluiour : thay labore vith al diligence, that thair 
doctrine cum neuer in discussion, iust tryal, and ex- 
amination, suppressand sa i^ as thay may, al bukea 
quhilk ar vryttin for confutatione of sik erroris." 
Nicol Bume, Dedic. to the King's M. 
MIRKIE, o^;. Smiling, hearty, &c.] Add; 

It is used in the same sense in Fife and South of S. 

This might at first seem to be radically the same 
with £*. smirk. But A.S. merc-an is used in the sense 
of tricari, to jest and toy, to shew tricks. It may, 
however, more properly be traced to A.S. murga, 
hilaris. Lye ; myreg, myrg, jucunditas. 
MIRLIE, MiBLEY, adj. Speckled, S.O. 
— What woe 
Gars thee sit mourning here below. 
And rive thy mirley breast ? 

A. Wilson's Poems 1790, p. 188. 

Now on the budding slaethom bank 

She spreads her early blossom ; 
And wooes the mirly^hreasted birds 
To nestle in her bosom. 

TannahilTs Poeihs, p. 151. 
MiRLiT, MiBLET, Mebled, part. pa. ** Varie- 
gated with small interwoven spots ;^ waved 
with various colours, Clydesd. 
There ware an' hairst ilk ither hawse. 

Upon the self-sam tree ; 
An' spread their robe o' mirlet hues, 
Outover fell and lea. 

Ballad, Edin. Mag. Oct 1818, p. 329. 
Corr. from £. marbled. 
MIRLIEGrO,^. A small upright spinning-wheel, 
Mearns; denominated, as would seem, from the 
quickness of its motipn, q. what goes merrily. 
MIRREITIS, s. pi Mente. 

-— Lykmartiriskillit,o£rquhome the mirreilis rysis 

Sanctis in hevin 

Colkelbie Sow, v. 822. V. also v. 909. 

MIRROT.l Add; — Meeran signifies a carrot, 

Aberd. ; Mirran, Buchan. 

Gael, miuron, id. ; miurqn geal, a parsnip ; Shaw. 

This is q. a white carrot ; geal signifying white. 

MISBEHADDEN, par^. oa. 1. Unbecoming 

or indiscreet; applied to language. S.] Add; 
S. Ill-natured ; as, ^^ a misbehadden geit,^ a child 
that is very ill-trained, S.B. ; from mi^and A.S. 
beheald-any as signifying custodire. 
MISCHANTER,*. Misfortune, disaster.] Add; 
— ^ui unlucky chance ; as^ *^ a sair mtschan^ 
ter,'^ S. ■ 

2. This is used in profane language asadesigna-* 
tion for the source of all evil ; like Mischiefs 
Sorrow^ &c., S.O. 

"Go to the mishanter, goto the devil;** GLPicken* 
At first view this might seem to be formed from 
the adj. Mischant. But, as it is totally different in 
signification, it must undoubtedly be viewed as com-, 
pounded of the particle mtf and*S. aunter, O.E. antre, 
adventure, q. mis^aunter. O.Fr. mesaveniure, infor««. 
tune, mauvais succes ; Roquefort. 


M I S 

MiscHANTKESSE, s. Wickedne8& 

** So they for their greater satisfaction^ and con- 
tentment, delight to play out their sceane ; — which 
I confesseis so profound and deep a foUy^ and mt«- 
chaniuetse, that I can by no means sound it^** &a 
Hume's Hist Doug. p. 155. 

• MISCHIEF, 8. (often pron. mhshiiff:) 1. A 
▼exadous or ilLdeedie person; as, ^' Ye're a per- 
fect mischief^ S. 

2. Equivalent to " the devil \^ as, ** He's gain to 
the miachiefBA fast as he can,^ S. 

To MISCHIE VE, v. a. To hurt, S.B. 
MISCOMFIST, part. adj. Nearly suffocated 

with a bad smell, Fife ; Scomjist^ synon. 
MISCONTENT, adj. Dissatisfied. 

'* He Qthe earl Traquair] renounces his commis- 
sion, and none miscotitent, and shortly thereafter rides 
back to the king." Spalding, i. 201. 
MiscoNTENTMENT, s. A ground of discontent- 
ment or dissatisfaction ; Fr. mescontentment 
'' It pleased his majesty to send thir nuscontent" 
menis in paper with the lords Lindsay and Loudon, 
and to report the combinators reasons in write, with 
their reasons why the nobles and others, whom his 
majesty sent for in particular, came not to him, ac- 
cording to their bounden duty." Spalding, i. 184. 
To MISCOOK, V. a. 1. To dress food impro- 
perly, S. 
S, Metaph.tomismana^ any business; as, '^YeVe 

fniscookit a* your kail ;"" S. 

** It was a gay bit misdimable house, wi' a but and 

a ben, an' a fireside," Sic H. Blyd's Contract, p. 5. 

Q. a house not to be misdeemed, or despised. For 

the narrator is often made to say the contrary of what 

he means. 

♦ To MISDOUBT, v. a. 1. To doubt, to dis- 
trust, S. ; used also by old E. writers. 

" I should do as certainly, bating sickness or 
death, as that two and two make four/ ' Aweel, 
Mr. Owen,' resinned the citizen, — * I dinna misdoubt 
ye, and I'll prove it, sir." Rob Roy, ii. 200. 

'^ If yon lads stand to their tackle, — we'll hae some 

chance o' getting our necks out o' the brecham again ; 

but 1 misdoubt tibem, — ^they hae little skill o' arms." 

Tales of my Landlord, iii. 77. 

S. Very generally in a derisory or sarcastic sense, 

when the offer made is agreeable to him who 

makes it, or suits his own interest. / dinna 

misdoubt ye ; I have no hesitation as to your 

doing what you say, S. 

" I hae a misdoot that a's no right and sound wi' 
her mair than wi' him." The Entail, ii. 284. 
MISERICORDE, adj. Merciful, Fr. 
The Lord is meike, and mercifull is hee. 
Slaw to reuenge, and to forgiue redie. 
Courtes and kinde till all meii is the Lord, 
In all his warkes hee is misericorde. 

Poems Sixteenth Century, ii. \, 
How suld wee thanke that Lord 

That was sa misericorde f Ibid. p. 158. 
MISERLY, MisERT, adj^ Extremely parsimo- 
nious^ Aberd. 


MISERTISH, adj. Very avaricious, Gall. 

'^ Misertiski having the manners of a miser;" Gall. 
To MISFAYR, Misfare, v. n. To miscarry.] 

S. To fare ill, to be unfortunate. 

Erlis, Lords and Barcxis, hurt not your commons. 

In body, gudis, nor geir ; 
Do ye the contrair, your housis will misfair. 

Poems Sixteenth Century, p. 210. 
Mr. Todd has incorporated Misfare, ** to be in an 
ill state," as an £. word, from Gower. 
MISFALT, a. Misdeed, improper conduct. 

'^ We desire nouthir the goddis nor men to tak ony 
wraik — on you, and covatis nocht hot you to be pe- 
nitent of youre ndsfali** Bellend. T. Li v. p. 302. 

Fr. mesfaire, to misdo ; O.Fr. mesfait, coupable, 
criminel; Roquefort. 

♦ MISFORTUNE,*. A soft term used to denote 
a breach of chastity, especially as announced by 
a third party, S. 

She wi' a misfortune met. 
And had a bairn. 

The Har^si Rig, st. 53. 
MISFORTUNATE, adj. Unfortunate, S. 

" Your Lordship's so early appearance for lenitie 
and mercy has gained you the sincere affection even 
of the misfortunat." CuUoden Pap. p. 478. 

. *^ I dinna bid ye mind what I said at our partin' 
anent my poor father and that misfortunate lassie." 
Heart M Loth. iii. 68. 

" Laidlaw, ye shall never rue your kindness o' 
heart and attentions to that puir misfortunate baim.'^ 
Perils of Man, ii. 254. 

MISGAR, s. A kind of trench, in sandy ground, 
occasioned by the wind driving away the sand ; 

Perhaps from Isl. misgiori, misgera, delinquere; 
misgerd, delictum, used in a literal sense. 
To MISGIE, V. n. To misgive, S. 
MISGYDINS, *. Mismanagement. 

We haue, then, ower guid can's this day. 
Through misgydins to spill. 

Poems l6th Cent. p. 353. V. Misguide. 
To MISG06GLE, v. a. To spoil, applied to 
any work; as, " He'^s fairly misgogglit that job,'^ 

Evidently a variety of Misgruggk, q. v. 
To MISGRUGGLE, v. a. ». To disfigure, to 
deform.] Add; 
Now, waes me for't, our commonweal 

Maist gars me greet. 
MisgrugVd now, an' torn to thrums, &c. 

Cocks Simple Strains, p. 90. 
Misgugle seems to be a provinciality. 
" There was not a doctor in Perth or Stirling would 
look near the poor lad, and I cannot blame them ; 
for Donald had been misgugled by one of these doo« 
tors about Paris, and he swore he would fling the 
first into the loch that he catched beyond the Pass." 
Waverley, i. 279, 280. V. also Heart M. Loth. i. 202. 
Insert, in etymon, L 3. after — Lat ruga, id. ; 
It may, however, be allied to Isl. grugg feces, 
g^gg'YS^ feculentus; grugga, commotare faeces^ 
^^ to stir the grounds or segment" 

M I S 


♦ To MISGUIDE, V. a. l.To abuse, to gpoil, 3. 
d. To mispend, to waste, to squanda*, S» 
3. To use ill, to maltreat, S. 
Misguiding, s. The act or habit of wasting, S. 
He ne'er was gi'en to sair misguiding 
But coin his pouches woud na bide in^ &c Bums. 
ToMISGULLY, v.o. To cut in a clumsy man- 
ner, to mangle in cutting, Fife ; g. to use the 
gully or knife amiss; synon. Margiuyie^ Guddle. 
MISHADjjETT^. Misdemeaned, acted improperly. 

'* And ferther, gefe ony tyme had bene that we 
had mishad ws in that part^ we haue ane remissioune 
of his grace for all thingis before the day/' &c. 
Acts Ja, V. 1526, Ed. 1814, p. 323. 

This term occurs in a very curious paper in de- 
fence of the Earl of Angus and those of hid name, 
now published from the Records. 

From mis and had, the pret. o£ have. A.S. mishab^ 
benda, male se habentes. 
MISHMASH, MismabheHie, s. Whatever is 

in a huddled or confused state, S. Su.G. misk" 

mask, V. Mixtie-maxtie. 
MYSIE, s. The abbrev. of Marjory , S. Monas- 

tery, ii. 41. ; also of Marianne. 
MISK, s. Land covered with coarse, rough 

moorish grasses, Upp. Clydes. ; otherwise de- 

fined ; " A piece of ground partly earth, partly 

moss,'' Ayrs. 

This term has been traced to E. mix'd. But it is 
evidently from C.B. mwstvg, moss. Mnswg gwyrif 
also migwyn, white moss ; Owen. 
MisK-GB Ass, s. The grass which grows on ground 

of this description, Ayrs. 
To MISKEN, v.a, 2. To overlook, &c.] Add; 

^' Found that it was not res judicata quoad such 
creditors who were not called, and were either in 
possession at the time of the raising his summons, or 
stood publicly infeft ; for such he ought not to have 
miskenned." Fountainh. Dec. Suppl. iv. 270* 
3. To seem to be ignorant of.] Add; 

— " Mr. Ale36andar JafFray was chosen provost of 
Aberdeen 'for a year. — Many thought little both of 
the man and the election, not being of the old blood 
of the town, but the oy of a baxtcr, and therefore 
was set down in the provost's desk to sermon with 
a baken pye before him. This was done several 
times, but he miskenned all, and never quarrelled the 
Bamen." Spalding, i. 49. Add to sense 4 ; 

It is stillused, in Tweedd. and Ayrs., in a sense very 
nearly allied to this. One says to another, Misken, 
when he wishes him to desist or abstain from any 
thing that he is doihg, or is about to do. 
To MISLIKEN, Mislikly, v. a. To form a 

wrong estimate of, to slight, to depreciate, S.O. ; 

synon. Lichtly, 

" I canna say, Mr. Keelevin, that I like to hear you 
misUken the lad sae." The Entail, i. 152. 

" It's baith my part as a liege, and a christiaT\, no 
to require ony thing at your hands that would inis» 
liken the favour of Provfdence wherewith yOtt have 
been blessed." Sir. A. Wylie, iii. 131. 

A.S. )nis'ltc, misse-lic, dissimilis, misUcnyss^, dis- 
similitudo ; Id. midik-r dissimilis, inistegg^ia dispa^ 
riliter construere. 

ToMISLIPPEN,r.a. 1. Todisappoint,S.]^da; 


S. To illude, to deceive, Renfrews. 

I baflins think his een hae him mislippen'd; 
But oh ! it's hard to sae what may hae happened. 

Tannahilts Poems, p. 27- 

3. To neglect any thing put under one^s charge* 
To mislippen one^s JmsinesSy to pay no proper 
attention to itj S. 

And now, be sure^ the yearding o* my bains 
Dinna misUppen^^O remember me. 

The Ghaist, p. 6. 

4. To suspect, S. 

*^ I thought it best to slip'out quietly though, in 
case she should mislippen something of what we arf 
gaun to do." Black Dwarf, ch. 4. par. 2. 
To MISMACE, MisMAKE, v. a. 1. To shape 

or form improperly ; applied to clothes, S.B. 

Teut. fiti^a^Len deformare, male formare. 
2. To trouble, to disturb ; as, ^^ Dinna mismake 

yoursell for me," don*t put yourself to any in- 
convenience, Ettr. For. 
To MISMAE, V. a. To disturb ; as, " She never 

mismaed her mind," Dumfr. 

As this has the same meaning with Mismake, sense 
2., it seems to be compounded of mis and the old v. 
Ma, to make (q. v.)^ used by our venerable Barbour. 

To MISMAGGLE, v.a. 1. To spoil, to dis- 

order, S.B.] Add; 
2. To mangle, Fife. 

'^ I meith hae een made as gude a shift for a creep- 
in', eatin' caterpillar o' the Pope, as ony deboshed 
shavelin' in a' the Priory. But my face, my face^ 
has mismaggilledmj fortune !" Card. Beaton, p. 90. 

MISMAINNERS, s. pi 111 breeding, indis- 

cretion, Ettr. For. 

^' I do humblye beseetsh yer pardoune for myne 
grit follye and mismainners." Wint. Tales, ii. 42. 

To MISMAUCHER (gutt), v. a. To spoil, or 

render Useless, Aberd. 

Perhaps corr. from Teut. mis-maeck^en deformare, 
detarpare ; or from mis, and maegher^en, macerare ; 
Isl. magr, macilentus ; q. reduced to a state of lean* 
ness, rendered meagre. 

To MISMINNIE, v. a. Applied to lambs when 

they lose their dams, or are put to suck strange 

ewes, Clydes. 

From mis denoting defect, and ininnie a mother. 
'to MlSMtrVlfi, V. a, 1. To disconcert, Ett. For. 
2. To alarm, to put in a flurry ; as, " Ye needna 

mismuive yoursell ;"** Clydes. ; q. to move one's 

self amiss. 
To MISPERSON, Myspeeson, v, a. To give 

disgraceful names to one, to abuse in language. 

^^ He had mispersonii the bailye, calland him skaf- 
far." Aberd. Reg. A. l543, V. 18. 

" He had mispersonii hir with ewill wordis, callyilg 
hir huyr & coyne [[qiiean]." Ibid. A. 1535, V. 15. 

Teut. mispnjs-en is synon. For it signifies vitu* 

perare, improbare. But our term must have been 

formed from mis and person, q. mistaking the person. 

MisPERsoNiKG, s. The act of giving abusive 

names to another. 

** Mispersoning of him, calland him skayli karU.** 
Aberd. Reg. A. lS4S, V. 18. 

*^ Maly Awaill wes conwickit, &c. for the stru* 



blens & myaper9omng of Besse Goldsmycht, calland 
hir peltys hoyll, & bad hir gang hame to hir hous, 
& 8che wald fynd a preyst in that ane end> & ane 
rostit haUne (liainl in the glangoir in that wder 
end ; %c diuerss w Jer vicius wor^s nocht to be ex- 
premit" Ibid. A. 1535, V. 15, p. 692. 
MIS-RID> pari, pa. Entangled, Galloway ; sy- 
non. RaveWcL 
All-vivifying Nature does her work. 
Though slow, yet sure, not like a rackless coof 
O' prentice wabster lad, who breaks his spool. 
And wastes the waft upo' a mU^rid pirn. 

Davidson's Seasens, p. 10. 
i. e. not redd, V. Red, v. to loose, &c. 
MISS, s. 1. A fault. V. Mys. 
^ A false stroke, when one fails to hit the object 
meant to be struck ; a term common in various 
sports, S. 

'^ Frustra es, That is a mm. Vel, irritus hie co* 
natus est." Wedderb. Vocab. p. 3S, 

Teut mUse, vanus ictus, jactus, &c. 
To MISS AYE, V. a. To abuse, to rail at.] Add ; 
O.E. id. " I mytsaye, I say yuell of a thing ; Je 
mesdis.— -I neuer myssayde hym worde, and he toke 
on with me like a serpent." Palsffr. B. iii. F. d02, a. 
MissAYiNG, 8. Calumny, or depreciation. 

** The mumying and lichtieyng of the guid townn." 
Aberd. R^. A. 1545, V. 20. ** Missaying & diffam* 
ing," i. e. defaming. Ibid. V. 17* 
MISSELUS, *./>/. 

*' Item, sex mUsdlii of ime." Inventories, A. 
1566, p. 170. 

Mentioned in the list of Artillery, in Edinburgh 
Castle. Apparently, fireworks, from Fr. mimle, ^* a 
squib, or other fire- work thrown ;" Cotgr. 
To MISSET, V. a. To displease. 

Scotland I sodit^ in houpe for to get hir, 
Quhilk I may rew, as now is cum the chance. 
And vthers leame be me experience. 
In tiiQe be war fra ainis the work misset hir. 
Testament K, Henrie, Poems l6th 
CenL p. 257. V. Missbttand. 
M1S-8ET, part, pa. 1. l3isordered, put out of 
sorts. South of S. 

'' I did not say frightened, now.-— I only said mis* 
set wi' a thing— And there was but ae bogle, neither 
•^Earnscliff, you saw it as weel as I did." Tales ot 
my Landlord, i. 70. 
% Out of humour. South of S. 

'' Our minnie's sair nds^set, after her ordlnar^i sir. 
--She'll hae had some quarrel wi' her auld gude» 
man^— thaf s Satan, ye ken, sirs/' Heart M. Loth, 
ii. 1 52. 

Teut. mt«-jd/-en, turbare, confundere, perturbare, 
inquietare; Kilian. 
♦ MISSIVE, *. 1. A letter sent, S. ; Fr. id. 

Dr. Johns, justly observes, " that it is retained in 
Scotland in this sense." 

2. It is most generally'used to signify a letter on 

business, or one containing an enffagement which 

is afterwards to be extended in form. 

*^" There really should be some black and white 

on this transaction. Sae just make me a minute, or 

missive, in ony form ye like, and I'se write it fair 


ower and subscribe it before famous witnesses." 

Tales of my Landlord, i. 210. 

MISSLIE, adf. Solitary, South of S.] Add ; 

This is commonly pron mktUe, Loth. ; and seems 
formed from the common Goth, particle miss denot* 
ing privation, or Su.G. mist-^ to want, and lie, Uk, the 
termination expressing resemblance ; q. resembling 
a state of privation. Teut misselick signifies ambl- 
guus, incertus, in quo errari, aut de quo dubitarf, 
potest; Kilian. 

S. Applied to one whose absence is regretted, or 
remarked, Galloway. 

'' We say such a one is misslie, when his presence 
. is missed any where." Gall. Encycl. 
MissLiENEss, «. Solitariness, from the absence 

of some favourite person or thing, Clydes. 
To MISSPEAK, V. a. To praise one for a virtue 
or good quality, which his conduct immediately 
after shows that he does not possess, Clydes. 
This is nearly synon. with Forspeak, v., sense 1. ; 
and it is reasonable to suppose that it had been, if 
it is not still, used as including the superstitious idea 
that a high degree of commendation had an evil in- 
fluence on the person. 

As miS'Spreken is the Teut word corresponding 
with Misspeak ; I find that it did not merely signify 
to speak improperly, but to curse ; Labi verbis ; et 
Maledicere, Kilian. 

To MISTAIK, V. a. To neglect, to be charge- 

able with oversight concerning, so as not to 

make necessary provision. 

" Schir George Home of Wedderbume knycht, 

comptroller, promesit— to fumeis thair maiesties 

houssis ;— and that befoir ony payment of ony debtis 

auchtand be his maiestie;— and that the kingis maies* 

tie suld not be mistaikit in the premissis." Acts Ja. 

VL 1597, Ed. 1814, p. 166. 

This ought to be written misstaik, fVom Mis, and 
Staik, to accommodate, &c. q. v. 
To MISTENT, v, a. To neglect, Berwicks. ; 

from Mis, and Tmty to attend, q. v. 
MISTER, s. 1, Want, necessity.] Add; 

This term was also used m O.E. " Mistyr or nede. 
Indigencia." Prompt Parv. 
To Beit a mistee. V. Beit, v. 

To MisTEK, Mystre, v.n. 1. To be necessary. 
2. To be in necessitous circumstances. 

*\ Gif ony burges be constrainit with mister and 
necessitie, awa that it behovis him to sell his heri- 
tage, he sould offer the samin at thr6 heid courtis to 
his narrest airis.— *And gif the air, throw evill will 
or malice, absent himself eft;er the time abone expre- 
mit, it is leasum to the annalyier that misteris to dis- 
pone upon the landis as he pleasis." Leg. Burg. Bal- 
four's Pract p. 162. 

MIST-FAWN, 8, A word formed from fancy, 

to denote the resemblance which mist sometimes 

assumes, of a white spot of ground, V. Fawn. 

'' If it be Kmist'fawn, as I dare say it can benae- 

thing ehe, it has drawn itself up into a form the 

likest that of a woman of ought ever I saw." Perils 

of Man, ii. ^56. 

To MISTRAM, i;. a. 



'^ Satan-— being cast out of men, he goeth madlings 
in the swine of the worlds and that out of God hia 
house, he furiously miHrammeth his owne : putting 
forth his rage where he may, seeing he cannot where 
hee would." Forbes on the Revelation, p. 103. 

*' Being, by the power of the gospell, cast out of 
heaven, and falling downe thence as lightning, then, 
seeing he cannot brooke a roome in God his house, 
hee furiouslie mistrammetk his own." Forbes's De« 
fence, p. 7. 

This term, being applied to a house, most proba- 
bly denotes a misplacing or disordering the bedims of 
it, from the privative mu, and tram lignum; trabs ; 
as expl. by Wachter ; whence, it has been supposed, 
the A.S. V. irimm-^n, aedificare. This learned writer 
speaks of an ancient right as still existing in Ger- 
many, denominated tram-recht, iraum-rechi, i.e. " the 
right of supporting a roof on the wall of a neigh- 

MISTRESS, s. 1. A sort of title given in the 

Highlands, Islands, and South of S., to the wife 

of a principal temmt. 

The tacksmen, or principal tenants are named by 
their farms, as Kingsburgh, Corrichatachin; and their 
wives are called the mistress of Kingsburgh, the miS' 
tress of Corrichatachin." Boswell's Journal, p. 146. 

'^ The active bustle of the mistress (so she was 
called in the kitchen, and the gudewif^ in the par- 
lour) had already signed the fate of a couple of fowls." 
Guy Mannering, ii. 44, 45. 

—-"Several of the neighbouring mtV/re^^ej (a phrase 
of a signification how different from what it bears 
in more fashionable life) had assembled at Charlies* 
hope to witness the event of this memorable even- 
ing." Ibid. p. 71- 

2. In the same manner, in the Lowlands, the wife 
of a minister is designed by the vulgar, especially 
in the country, S. She is called ^ Mistress. 
" Although Mr. Keckle had been buried but the 

week before, the mistress, as a' ministers' wives o' 
the right kind should be, was in a wholesome state 
of composity." The Steam-Boat, p. 296, 
To MISTRYST, v. a. 1. To break an engage- 
mcnt with.] Add ; 

" Feind of me will misiryst you for a' my mother 
says." Black Dwarf, chap. 4. par. 2. 
^, To disappoint, to bring into confusion by dis- 
appointing, S. 

'' Fate Macready does say, that they are sair mu- 
trysted yonder in their Parliament-House about this 
rubbery." Rob Roy, ii. 12. 

3. To alarm, to afTright ; im{>lying the idea of 
meeting with something quite oifFerent from 
what was expected. 

— *' Having been mw/ry*/crf— with ae bogle the 
night already^ I was dubious o' opening the gate till 
I had gane through the e'ening worship." Rob Roy, 

ii. 94. 

It is used in this sense both North and So. of S. 

Bot menstrallis, serving man, and maid. 
Gat Mitchell in an auld pocke nueke. 
Leg, Bp. St. Androis, Poems l6tk Cent. p. 330. 
This term may refer to some old proverbial phrase 


now lost ; or is perhaps formed from Fr. miche, one 

who finds himself duped. V. Dira. 

To MYTH, Myith, v. a. 1. To mark.] Add to 

etymon, 1. 8. after— I si. mida^ locum signo; 

—or as explained by Verelius, coUimare, to look 
straight at the mark. 

MITH, Meith, auof. v. Might.] Add; 

Tho' ye had spair'd 
The task to me. Pate meith na been a laird. 

Ras^s Helenare, Invocation. 

Meith is also used in Fife. 

^•" My father an' mither meiih hae e'en made me 
a monk, or a little bit o' a friar, o' ony colour." Ten- 
nant's Card. Beaton, p. 90. 

^' I mith maybe speak English mysel', and I dare- 
say I could ; but, waes me ! maist naebody here wad 
understand it but the minister, and he likes the Scots 
just as weeL" Glenfergus, i. 338. 

Cumb. mud, might or must j GL Relph. 
MiTHXA, might not, S.B. 

— " It mithna be amiss to try Tibbie Macreddie," 
&c. Glenfergus, iii. 51. V. Redo handit. 
MYTH, *. Marrow, Selkirks. Hence, 
Mythie, o^'. Of or belonging to marrow ; as, 

a mythie bane^ a marrow-bone, or a bone full 

of marrow, ibid. 

Isl. mdd, lardum pinguissimnm balaenanun ; C.B. 
mwyd'ion, medulla ; Boxhom. 
MITHER, s. A mother, S. 

Now had ye'r tongue, my doughter young. 
Replied the kindly mither. Herd^s ColL ii. 59. 
MiTHERLiE, adf. Motherly, S. 
MiTHERLiNEss, s. Motheniuess, S. 
MiTHEBs-PET, s. ** The youngest child of a 

family ; the mother*s greatest favourite ;" S., 

Gall, Encycl. 
MITHRATES, s. Expl. " the heart and skirts 

of a bullock ;'' Ayrs. 

This seems originally the same with Mithret, q. v. 

MITHRET, s. The midriff, Ettr. For. 

This is pure A.S. Mid-hrythe, the midriff or dia.* 

To MITLE, V. a. To eat away, applied to the 

action of mites ; Gall., Annand. 

" When siller is chynged Qchanged^ it is said to—* 
mile AWSLj." Gall. Encyd. 

C.B. mudawl, belonging to a removal, moveable. 

MITTENS, s. pi. 1. Woollen gloves.] Add; 
With cloke, and hude, I dressit me bely ve. 
With dowbill schone, vadrmktanis on my handis* 
•^My mittanis held my handis weill in h«t. 

ILyndsajfs Dreme. 
Although the term is immediately from the Fr., 
perhaps it should be traced to Belg. mouwifes, half 
sleeves, a dimin. from mouw, a sleeve. 
3. To Claw up one^s Mittens, 

1. To kill ; applied to shooting a hare, &c. Fife ; 
also, to killing a man, RozB. 
% To overturn, ibid. 

'' Claw up their mittins, [[r. mittens'}, gi^e them the 
finishing stroke ;" GL Antiq. 

This is equivalent to luying up one's mittens, Aberd* 
But the direct allusion in eitner of these phrases I do 

M D C 

M O E 

Yiot perceive. If laying up signifies that there should 
be tio more use for mtttens, the wearer being dead ; 
claiving up would admit of a similar sense, by tracing 
it to Teut. kloufv^en globare, q. rolling them up, as 
one does when a piece of dress is laid aside. 
PiN-MiTTEKs, s. pi, WooUen gloves wrought 
upon a wooden ptn, by males, instead of the 
wires used by women, Teviotd. CowherdB and 
shepherds are particularly expert at this work. 
To MITTLE, V. a. To hurt or wound.] Add; 
** Hand ye'r tongue, ye haverin' taupie, — Pse war- 
rant nae ghaist come your wye, save it be the ghaist 
o' the stirk that ye lat get itsel' tniUled the ither day." 
St Kathleen, iii. 2 IS. Hence, 
MiTTiLAT, s. To maJc a mUtikd o" one^ to dis- 
able a person as to the use of any of his limbs, 
MITTS, s. pi The same with Mittens^ S. 

'^ It is said that mii is the original word, whence 
fmtten, thto phiral ;" Johns. I, however, observe no- 
thing nearer than Belg. moufvtjet, 

• To MIX, V. 71. To change colour ; applied to 

grain, S. ; synon. Meing. 
MI XT, ^art. pa. 1. Disordered; applied to one 

who is m some degree ailing. Banns. 
^ Denoting partial intoxication, S. muzzy, lowE. 

— Mixie-maxie nations meet 
Frae yont the sea. 

D, Anderson's Poems, p. 115. 
To MIZZLE, V. a. To speckle, S.B. 
MizzLiE, MizLiE, adf.' 1. Synon. with Mizzled, 

or nearly so, Stratheam. 
2. Variegated ; applied to the effect of fire on the 
limbs, South of S. 
And when the callans, romping thick. 

Did croud the hearth alang. 
Oft have I blawn the danders quick 
Their ndsJie shins amang. 

A, Scoit's Poems, p. 146. 
To MOACH (^utt.), V. n. To be approaching to a 
state of putridity, V. under Moch, Mochib. 
MOA6RE, s. A confusion, Upp. Clydes. 

Isl. mug-^r, turba, colluvies ; mogur multitudo. 
MOAKIE, s. « A fondling name for a calf f 
Clydes., Edin. Mag. Oct. 1818, p. 3^7. 
" Three ca's an' twa queys war bramit ; an' it was 
a waesome thing to hear the wee bits o' saikless moo* 
Hes mainan' in the deadthraws." Ibid. p. 503. 

KHian mentions mocke as old Germ, for a sow that 
hath had pigs. Cfi. moch, a sow. The term has been 
traced to Moe, v. q. v. ; but perhaps it is rather allied 
to Germ, muh^en mugire. Thus the designation may 
have arisen from its cr^. 

MOCH, MocHiE, adj. 1. Moist, damp ; applied 
to animal food, corn in the stack, meal, &c., 
S. V. quotation, sense 2. Hisp. majo^ id-. 
2. Read^ Thick, close, hazy; as, " a wocAif day,^ 
S. ; ift hot misty iday. Mdchj adj.^ is now obsolete. 
Nae sun shines there, the mochie air 
Wi' smuisteran' rowks stinks vyld. 

Ballad, Edin. Mag. Oct. 1818, p. 327. 
*^ We iftiy of the Neither, when it is wami and 
Vol. II. 129 

moist, that it is mochy weather; and of every thing 
else in a similar way, that it is mochy." Gall. £nc. 
It should be observed, that tnochy is not applied to 
mist indiscriminately ; but to that only which is pro* 
duced by great heat, or an accompaniment of it, when 
the air is so close as to affect the organs of respira- 
tion. This is originally the same with E. matggy, 
which Johnson strangely views as corrupted from 
mucky. Add, as sense 

S. Applied to meat when it begins to be putrid, 

The £. word Justy nearly expresses the idea con<- 
veyed by mochy, as regarding smdk 
To MoACH, MocH, V. n. To hegm to be in a 
state approaching to putridity. The term is now 
generally used in the part. pa. MocKt meat^ or 
^sh^ is animal food in a state of incipient cor- 
ruption, when it sends forth a disagreeable, al- 
though not an absolutely foetid, smell, S. 
" Upon die 3d of October in the afternoon there 
fell out in Murray a great raiA, dinging on night and 
day without clearing up while the 1 3th of October;— 
the cohis well stacked began to mooch and rot till 
they were casten over again ; lamentable to see, and 
whereof the like was never seen before ; doubtless 
a prognostick of great troubles within this land." 
Spalding's Troubles, i. 59* 

To mooch properly respects the effect of dampness, 
as accompanied with heat IsL mokk-^ muaere. 
MOCH (gutt.), s. A moth, Aberd. V. MooH. 
Mochie, adf. Filled with moths, ibid. 
Hence the proverbial rhyme ,- 

A heap of hose is a mochy pose^ 
MOCKAGE, s. Mockery. 

— " The Prophet doeth, as it were in mockage, pro* 
uoke idolaters, and the idoles to produce for them- 
selues some euident testimonies by the which men 
might be assured that in them was power.*' Knox*s 
Ressoning with Croslraguell, Prol. ii. a. 
MOCKRIFE, adf. Scornful, Clydes. 
Loud leuch the elf wi' mockrife glee. 

An' thrise about can brade, 
Whill a gallant man, in youdith's blume. 
He tase afore the maid. 

Ballad, Edin. Mag. Oct. 1818, p. 327- 
MODERANCE, s. Moderation. 

" Altho'.it became a prince to be revenged on re- 
bels, yet he would use such moderance herein as he 
could." PiUcottie, p. 79- Duod. Edit 
MODIE-BROD, s. V. Mowdie-beod. 
MODGEL, s. A noggin ; " iVe gotten my mqd^ 

geh^ I have got my usual quantity of drink. 
To Tdk one^s Mod^l, to partake of a social ^lass ; 
sotnetitnes denotmg a morning dram, Fife. 
Perhaps from L.B. modxoUus, a term latterly used 
in monasteries to denote a certain quantity of liquor; 
as much, it would seem, as was appropriated to each 
of the monks. V. Du Cange. This provincial term 
has probably been borrowed from the good fathers 
belonging to some religious foundation. 
To MOE, V. n. To cry as a calf ; Mue being 
used to express the lowing of a cow, Clydes. 
V. Mu£, and Moakie. 

MOEM, s. A scrAp, Galloway. 


M O Y 

M O L 

'^ Moenu, scraps of any things such as moems of 

Than moems o' poems 

I will sing unto thee." GalL Encyct 

Apparently a corr. contraction of Gael, meomhrae* 
kan, a memorandum. Teut. moeme signifies an aunt. 
Can it refer to scraps of nursery tales ? C.B. snym 
denotes what is incipient 
MOGEN, adf. Apparently signifying commoD^ 

public ; synon. mein, 

'* A mogen pot never played well." Agr. Surv. 
Peeb. p. 340. 

Su.G. mage multitudo. 
MOGGANS, s. 2. Hose without feet.] Add; 

This word has been of general use; for Shaw expl. 
Gael, mogan ^^ a boot-hose." He renders GalUgaskin 
by the same term. 

MOGGANS, The legs, Roxb. Hence, 
To Mix moggaks teith one, to be joined in mar- 
riage ; a vulgar phrase used in Fife. 
MOGHIE, ad^. Having masgots; as maghie 

mecLtj animal food when fly-blown, Lanarks. 
MOY, s, A certain measure; *^ Ane mmf of salt.^ 

Aberd. Reg. A. 1588, V. 16. 

" Twenty twa woy* of gryt salt." Ibid. A. 15S5, 
V. 16, p. 693. 

Fr. moge is '* a measure containing about six bush- 
^ ;" Cotgr. Muid and ntvy, " a great vessel, or mea- 
sure ;" ibid. O.Fr. mogatif a tun. Ir. Gael, mioch, a 
MOICH (gutt), iuK. Giving the idea of moist- 

ness conjoined witn putridity ; applied to taint- 
ed meat, Ayrs. V. Moch, adj. 
MoiCHNEss, s. Dampness causing corruption, ib. 
Your mother's spence it pleases me ; 
But its moichness hurts me sairly. Old Ballad. 

To MOIDER, V. a. To stupify with blows, or 

in whatever other way, Lanarks. Hence, 
MoiDERT, part. adf. Dull, stupid, ibid., Dumfr. 

'^ What, man ! is your brain sae moiderl you canna 
see that ?" Duncan's S, Country Weaver, p. 48. 

It often signifies, rendered stupid from too intense 
thought, or musing too long on one subject GalL, id. 

Allied, perhaps, to Teut. moede lassus, defessus, 
moed-en, mued-en, fatigare, molestare, inquietare. IsL 
modur defatigatus, Alem. muoder, id. 

'^ One whose intellects are rendered useless, by 
being in the habit of taking spiritous liquors to ex- 
cess, is said to be moidert" Gall. Encycl. 

According to this explanation, it might claim affi- 
nity with C.B. muyd-wr, a soaker, from mwfd-arVf to 
moisten, to steep. 

A.Bor. moider, bears a general sense perfectly ana« 
logons. " To puzzle, perplex. North." Grose* 
Moytherd is expl. " Confounded, tired out. Glouc." id. 

MOYEN, s. 2. Interest] Add ; 

In this sense, it is sometimes obviously distin- 
guished from means, 

— " Whatsomever they craved, the king is forced 
to yield unto them, and leaves his true subjects wreck- 
ed in means and moyan, distressed, and under great 
misery, tyranny, bloodshed, and oppression^ and ilk 
ane to do for himself." Spalding, i 3S4» 

Add, as sense 


4. Temporal substance, property. 

— -'' That Thomas Fowllis goldsmyth and Robert 
Jowsie haif not onlie deburst the maist pairt of thair 
awin m<n/ane and guidis in his heinis service, hot also 
hes contractit mony gret debtis for fumesing his ma- 
iestie — ^in jowellis, cley thing, reddy mony, and vther 
necessaries," &c. AcU Ja.VI. 1597,Ed. 1814>,p. 166. 

5. Undue means, such as secret influence, bribery. 
Fount. Dec. Suppl. 3. 48. 

MOIEEN, 8. S{Mgnel, Athamantameum,Perths. 

^' Theatluunanta meum (spignel) here called moiken 
or muilciontt, grows in — the forest of Clunie." Stat 
Ace P. Clunie, ix. 238. 

Its proper Gael . name is muilcumn ; Lightfoot, L 1 57* 
MOIL, s. Hard and constant labour, S. 
'Twas then a bardie to his labour gade. 

Whose daily mot/ at some gay distance lay ; 
And as he dander'd o'er the frozen glade. 
He mark'd the features of a winter day. 

A, Scott's Poems, p. 25. 

The V, is used in £., but not the noun. Johns., 
gives Fr. mouill-er, to wet, to moisten, as the origin^ 
But it seems rather allied to Sw. mol-a, laborare du- 
riter; Seren. 
MO YLIE, *. 1 . ** A bullock wanting horns ;*** 

Gall. Encycl. 

Gael. Ir. maol, ''bald, blunt, without horns ;" C.B. 
moel, bald, blunt, moeUi, to make bald. Davies re- 
fers to Chald. :)bD malagy depilare. 
% ** A mild good-natured person, tame — even to 

silliness,^ ibid. 

The Ir. and GaeL term seems to admit a figurative 
sense in its derivatives. MaoUdgh-im, to become dull 
or stupid; maol-aigeantach, dull-witted, stupid; maoiU 
cA^a^acA, tame, gentle, inactive. These are analogous 
to what I consider as the secondary sense of Moylie, 
MOYND, s. Apparently used for mine, 

'* Item, ane uther peice of gold of the moytd, un« 
moltin." Inventories, A. 1542, p. 63. 
MOIST-BALL, a ball for holding musk. 

" Item twa tuthpikis of gold, with a chenye, a perl 
6c erepike, a moist ball of gold," Sec Inventories, A. 
1488 p. 5. V, MuiST. 
To MOISTIFY, V. a. To moisten, Gl. Shirr. ; 

a low word, generally used, in a ludicrous sense, 

in regard to topers, S. 
MOLLAN, s. ^^ A long straight pole, such as 

fishermen use at their fisn-yards;^ Gall. Encycl. 

Mol must have denoted a beam in Gael. ; for molr 
muiluin is 'Hhe beam that sets a mill in motion;" Shaw. 
MOLLETS, s. vl. 1. Fantastic aurs, Roxb. 
8. Sly winks, ibid. 

This might almost seem to be q. montlaits, from Mow 
an antic gesture, and Laits manners, q. v. It may, 
however, be allied to Fr. moUei, delicate, effeminate; 
moHetS, delicacy, effeminacy. 
MOLLIGRANT, s. The act of whining.] Add; 

MoUiffrimt; Loth. 

Isl. mogl, refragrantium obmurmuratio. Mtdi Ag^ 
nifies cloudy, gloomy. Nokot litit mulin : Vultu tristi 
et nubilo ; Verel. Perhaps the last syllable is from. 
£. grunt, Sw. grymt*a, id. 
MOLLIGRUB, Mullygrub, *.] Add; 

" To be in his grubs or muUy grubs," expL by Se^ 

M O N 

M O N 

ren. as signiiying to be melandudy. Grub primarily 
denotes a worm or maggot; hence transferred to the 
imagination or humour. 

MOLL-oN-THE-COALSt s. A gloomj-minded 
person, Ayrs. 

'' As for our Meg^ thy mother^ she was ay one of 
your MoU''On'-th€''Coals, a sigher of sadness^ and I'm 
none surprised to see her in the hjrpondoricals." The 
Entail^ iii. 76. 

This is merely a silly play on the£. word melancholy. 
To MOLLUP, MoLLOP, v.n. To toss the head 
in a haughty or disdainful way, Teviotd. 
'^ Miss Peggy I Snuffs o' tobacco 1 Meg's good 
enough.^I'm nane o' your moUoping, precise flaga^- 
ries^ that want to be miss'd> an' beckil^ an' booed to." 
Brownie of Bodsbeck^ iL l6l. 

llie term seems to be borrowed from a trouble- 
some or unmanageable horse^ who is still tossing up 
his head. Teut. tmiyl, the mouthy also a halter^ or 
bit, and op up; muylen, proboscidem extendere; mug* 
len op iemanden, simultates habere cum aliqua 
MOLOSS, adf. Loose, dissolute in conduct, Ayrs. 
This, I suspect, is the same with Molash'd, a low 
word used in the west of S., signifying that one is 
intoxicated, from £. molasK*. 
MOLUCCA NUT, used as a charm in the 
Western Islands. 

" There is variety otnuU call'd MoUuka, Bomeof 
mrhich are used as amulets against witchcraft, or an 
evil eye, particularly the white one : and upon this 
account they are wore about children's necks, and if 
any evil is intended to them, they say the nut changes 
into a black colour. That they did change colour I 
found true by my own observation, but cannot be 
positive as to the cause of it. 

'' Malcom Campbell, Steward of Harries, told me, 
that some weeks before my arrival there, all his cows 
gave blood instead of milk, for several days together: 
one of the neighbours told his wife that this must be 
witchcraft, and it would be easy to remove it, if she 
would but take the white nut, called the Virgin 
Mary's nut, and lay it in the pail into which she was 
to nulk the cows.— -Having milk'd one cow into the 
pail with the nut in it, the milk was all blood, and 
the nut chang'd its colour into dark brown : she us'd 
the nut again, and all the cows gave pure good milk, 
which they ascribe to the virtue of the nut." Mar- 
tin's West. Isl. p. SB, 39. y. Crospunk. 
♦ MOMENT, s. A second of time, S. 
MOND, s. The technical or heraldic term used 
to denote the globe that surmounts an imperial 

" Our crown of Scotland, since King James the 
Sixth went to England, has been ignorantly repre* 
sented by herauld painters, engravers^ and other 
tradesmen, after the form of the crown of England 
with crosses patee, whereas there is not one, but that 
which tops the mond, but all crosses floree, such as 
we see on our old coins, and these which top our old 
churches." Inventories, p. 337* 

'* The imperial mond, or globe, though an ensign 
of sovereignty, as well as the imperial crown, is car- 
ried as an armorial distinguishing figure by Lamont, 
or Laroond, of that Dk, as relative to the name." 
Nisbet's Heraldry, i. 418. 


Fr. moude, the world, the universe. Terme de 
Blason se dit d'une boule, ou representation du 
monde, &c. Diet Trev. 

MONE, s. Money ; Aberd. Reg. 

MONE,*. Mane.] Instead of— This is used, &c. 
Eeadj Not used rhythmi causa, as I at first sup* 
posed 'j. but evidently allied to Isl. moerif juba 
MONE, s. The Moon.! Jdd^ after 1. 10 ; 

In O.E. the orthography was the same. ** Mane. 
Luna." Prompt Parv. 

Insert, col. 2. 1. 30, before — ^V. Bruoh ; 
In Renfrews., however, as I am informed, the idea 
is inverted. 

Same coL after 1. 46, insert ; 
It is a singular proof of the permanent influence of 
superstition, and of the affinity of nations that have 
been separated for thirteen centuries, that the very 
same idea is still retained among the native Irish. 

*^ Next to the sun was the moon, which the Irish 
undoubtedly adored. Some remains of this worship 
may be traced even at this day; as particularly 
borrowing, if they should not have it alK>ut them, t^ 
piece of silver on the first night of a new moon, 
as an omen of plenty during the month ; and at the 
same time saying in Irish, ' As you have found us 
in peace and prosperity, so leave us in grace and 
mercy." O'Halloran's Hist IreL i. 113. 
Col. 3. after 1. 10, insert; 
In Renfrewshire, if a man's house be burnt during 
the wane of the moon, it is deemed unlucky. If the 
same misfortune take place when the moon is waxing, 
it is viewed as a presage of prosperity. In Orkney, 
also, it is reckoned unlucky to Jlit, or to remove from 
one habitation to another, during the waning of the 
moon. To secure a prosperous change of habitation, 
indeed, popular superstition requires the concurrence 
of three circumstances ; that the moon be waxing, 
that the tide be flowing, and that the wind blow on 
the back of the person who removes. Of such im« 
portance is the last circumstance, that, even when 
there is a concurrence of the other two, some people, 
rather than^V with an adverse wind, will make the 
circuit of a whole island, in order to gain, as far as 
possible, the prosperous breeze. 
Col. 4. after L 20, insert ; 
It appears that theancient Irishsworeby thisplanet 
" When Ugaine the Great pre vaQed on the national 
estates to swear allegiance to himself and to his poste- 
rity, in exclusion of the other branches of the royal 
family, the oath they took was — ^ By the sun, the 
moon, and stars.' The same was taken to Tuathal and 
his issue ; and it was ' by the sun, moon, and stars,' 
that Loagaire vowed to exonerate the province of 
Leinster from an heavy tribute, long paid by them." 
O'Halloran's Hist Irel. i. 113, 114. 

Same col. after V. Yerdfast, 1. 2 1 from bot insert; 
The same custom, with some slight variation, was 
formerly, at least, observed in England. Aubrey, 
whose mind must have been deeply imbued with su- 
perstition, with great gravity relates the virtue of 
this magical rite. Speaking of the various modes 
of obtaining information as to one's future lot in 
wedlock, he says : 

" Another way is, to charm the moon thus : At 

M O N 

the fiT$t appearance of the newmoon after new-year't 
day, go out in the evening, and stand over the spars 
of a gate or stile, looking on the moon, and say,, 
All hail to the Moon, aU hail to thee ! 
I pri^thee, good Moon, reveal to me. 
This night who my husband {wife) must be. 
<' You must presently after go to bed. 
*' I knew two gentlewomen that did thus when 
they were young maids, and they had dreams of 
those that married them." Miscellanies, p. 138. 
MoNETH, s, A month.] Insert, at the end of the 

article ; 

The passagereferredtpis thus rendered by Creech: 
But now I'll charm him ; Moon ! shine bright and 
To thee I will direct my secret prayer ; (dear, 

To thee, and Hecate, whom dogs, do dread. 
When stain'd with gore, she stalks amidst the dqad. 
Now, now, I strew the flow'r ; Moon, yoU can how 
E'en Rhadamanth, and all that's fierce below. 

The following address to this luminary forms the 
chorus of the greatest part of the pastoral : 

Tell, sacred Moon, what first did raise my flame. 

And whence my pain, apd whence my passion came. 

IdyUiums, p. 11, 15. 
MONYCORDIS, s, pi A musical instrument] 


This is also written Mamcords. 

" I have a gentlewoman here— that sometimes 
brings you fresh to my memory, by playing on the 
mamcords such lessons as I have oft heard from you." 
Lett, to John Forbes, CuUoden Papers, p. 11. 

Du Cange defines L.B. monochordum, Instrumentum 
musicum, quod unica chorda constat. Nostris vulgo, 
Manicordion. By Cotgr. manicordwn is said to be " an 
old-pfashioned claricord." 

The authors of Diet Trevoux say that Du Cange 
is mistaken, as this instrument has seventy cords^ 
although Scaliger reduces the number to thirty-five. 
It is in form of a spinet ; and its strings are covered 
with scarlet cloth, to d^en and soften the sound. 
Hence it is denominated in Fr. Spinette sourde or 
muetU, It is especially used by nuns, who are learning 
to play, and are afraid of disturbing the silence of the 

dormitojy, , ,, - ^ , 

MONYFEET. " Jock w¥ the Monyfeet^ the 

more common name of the Centipede, S. In 
Ayrs. ite sex is changed, it being called Jevmy 
with the Mcmyfeet ; and also in Roxb., where it 
is Moffgie Monyfeet 

" The worm — the worm is my bonny bridegroom, 
and Jenny with the manyfeet my bridal-maid. The 
mill-dam waters the wine o* the wedding, and the 
clay and the clod shall be my bedding.'' Annals of 
the Parish, p. Sll. 

In Angus, also, it is viewed as of the feminine 
gender, being called Maggie wi' the Monyfeet. 
MONY LANG. This mony lang, lor a long 

time past, S.B. 

" You took up the tune fbr him, and sung sae weel 
that there has na been the like o't i' the kirk of 
Knockfergus this mony lang-^may be never." Glen- 
fergus, i. 34:6, 
>f ONIPLIES, s. pi 1. That part of the tripe, 

5cc.] Add; > 

^ 138 


2. Coarsely and vul^rly applied, in* a ludicrous 

sense, to the intestines oi man, S. 
It temper'd weel our moniplies, 
Ca'd ripples frae our backs. . 

Taylor^s S. Poems, p. 145. 
MONKRIE, MuKKRiE, s* A monastic foun- 
dation or establishment. 

— '' Be diuerss actis of Parliament maid of befiiir 
concerning the reformatioun of religioun within thia^ 
realme, the monkreis ar altogidder abolishit, and thair 
places and abbayis ar for the maist pairt left waist,'' 
&c. Acts Ja. VI. 1581, Ed. 1814, p. 276. 

Here the places, and abbayis are distinguished from 

*^ He that said. Pray continually, the same said. Go 
labour and win thy living, otherwise thou shalt not 
eat. Away with Munkries and Nunries." Rollock 
on 1 Thes. p. 507. 

Johns, restricts the E.. word monkery to '' the mo- 
nastick life." The word is evidently formed of AJS. 
mon^c or fniinucmonachus> and rice munus, dominium. 
MONONDAY, Monanday, s. Monday, S.J 

Add; before — V. Moi^E. 

Some, who might well be supposed more«nlight-^ 
ened, will not give away money on this day of the 
week, or on the first day of the Moon. 

The idea is completely inverted in Ireland, Mon« 
day being accounted the most lucky day in the week. 

" No great undertaking can be auspiciously com- 
menced in Ireland on any morning but Monday morn' 
ingi * O-, please God we live till Monday morning, 
we'll set the slater to mend the roof of the- house- 
On Monday morning we'll fall to and cut the turf-— > 
On Monday morning we'll see and begin mowing," 
&c. Edgeworth's Castle Rackrent, Gl. 185^ 

This is undoubtedly a relique of the ancient pagan 
worship of the Moon in Ireland. V. M0NE4 
MONSTOUR, MuNfrTODB, s. A muster. 

" It is thoycht necessare that wapenschawingis be- 
maid — at sic day or dayis and place as sail pleiss the 
schireff &c. till assigne eftir the quantite of the schire,. 
gif the monstouris can nocht be all tane in one day. 
And at the said munstouris be tane be the schireff." 
Acts Ja.V. 1540, Ed. 1814, p. 362. V. Laip socnday. 

Monstouris, in both instances, in Ed. 1 5&6, fol. 130, 
b. The reading of the MS. had been viewed as an 
error. But it is evidently from Fr. monstre, id. L.B. 
monstrum, miiitumrecensio; monstr^are, milites cen- 
sere, Matth. Paris, 1S5S ; from the primary sense of 
the V. in Lat, to shew, to exhibit. 
MONSTRANCE, s. Perhaps shew, display. 

" Ane greit monstrance of sylver." Aberd. Reg. 

O.Fr. monstrance is used in the sense of preuve, 
exhibition; Roquefort* 
MONTH, MoiTNTH> s. 1> A mountain J Add; 

C.B^ mynyth, mynydd, id. The latter is also the 
Armorio form of the word. 
MoNTHis Boan, the rid^e of a mountain. V..BoaD. 
MOO, s. The act of lowing, S. 

Like poor Italian piper, douf and dry. 

Thou rangest o'er thy food, among the queys, 

A' fearless o' thy moo, or cap'ring tail. 

Davidson's Seasons, 'p. 4i6. V«.Mufi« 
MOO, s. The mouth, Galloway. 


But Jock tiie bill dispers'd the tribe ; 
He smell'd her tnoo and smirked. 

Davidson's Seasons, p. 49. V. Mow, 
MOODIE, adf. Gallant, courageous, 
O mony were the moodie men 
Lay gasping on the green. 

Ballad of Captain Carre. 

V.MoDY, MuDY, adj.^aenBQ 1. 
MOODIE-HILL, s, A mole-hill. 

He has pitched his sword in a moodie-hill, 

And he has leap'd twenty lang feet and three. 
And on his ain sword's point he lap. 
And dead upon the ground fell he. 

Minstrelsy Border, iii. 103. V. Moudie. 
MOOL, s. A slipper ; Spalding. V. Mullis. 
To MOOLAT, MooLET, v. n. To whine, to 

murmur, Ayrs. ; synon. with Chirm. Hence, 
Mooi.¥^Tiv 9 part. pr. Whining, ibid. 

Perhaps radically allied to Teat. muyUen, mutire, 
mussitare, cum indignatione et stomacho, (Kilian) ; 
whence muylaert mussitator. The root is muyl, the 
mouth or snout; for the v. primarily signifies, to push 
out the mouth, to pout. Isl. muli, however, and Sw. 
muUt, signify cloudy, and metepb. sad, especially as 
applied to a sorrowful countenance. 
MOOLIE-HEELS, chilblains, S. ; from MuleSy 
s. pi. used in the same sense. 
** Mooltie-heels, a kind of chilblain troublesome to 
the heels in frosty weather." Gall.Encycl. V. Mules. 

MOOLLIE PUDDING, a school-game, Gall. 
" MooUie Pudding. — One has to run with the hands 
locked, and taen Qi. e. lay hk hands on the heads of] 
the others." Gall. Eneycl. 
by night, in the way of carrying off one's goods 
or furniture, for the purpose of escaping from 
one^s creditors, or from arrestment, S. 
'*' Conscious of possessing some secrets connected 
with the blessings of liberty and equality, which, he 
was well aware, if disclosed, would render his present 
situation no longer tenable, he made, what is termed, 
a moon-light fitting.'* Campbell, ii. 1. V. Flit, v. n. 

MOONOG, s. " A name for the cranberry or 
crawberry ;*" Gall. Eneycl. 
C.B. mwnwg denotes that which shoots out as a 
spire. But I scarcely think that this can apply. 
MOORAT, MooRiT, adj. Expl. ** brownish co- 
lour in wool,^ Shetl. 

" They [the sheep] are of different colours ; as 
white, grey, black, speckled, and of a dusky brown 
called mooriU" Edmonstone's Zetl. ii. 210. 

Evidently from Isl. moraud-r, badius, ferrugineus, 
i.e. "brown mingled with black and red;" Nigro- 
purpureus, sufFuscus, Verel. This is the colour called 
rmirrei/ in E., in Fr. moree, darkly red. Johns, views 
Moro, a Moor, as the root. But Ihre gives morroed 
as the Su.G. term, color subfuscus, qualis esse solet 
terrae paludosae, quae ad pingendum vulgo adhibe- 
tur. It is sometimes written roedmorug. It is evi- 
dently from Su.G. Isl. mor, thus defined by Verelius ; 
Tferrae quaedam species, unde color quidam suffusus 
fsuffuscus] conficitur ad tingendum pannum. 
MOORAWAV,*. A thick shower of snow, Shetl 


MOOR-GRASS, a. Potentilla anserina.) Add ; 
It has the same name in Upland as in £., stlveroert* 


MOOR-ILL, s, A disease of black cattle. V. 


MOORS. Brown Man of the Mows. V. under 

Brown.] Add; 

*' The Brown Man of the Moors is generally re- 
presented as bewitching the sheep, causing the ewes 
to keb, that is, to cast their lambs, or seen loosening 
the impending wreath of snow to precipitate its weight 
on such as take shelter, during the storm, under the 
bank of a torrent," &c. Concluding paragraph of the 
Black Dwarf. 

MOOSEWEB, Mouse WEB, 8. 1. The gossamer, 

&c. S.] Add; 

The Swedes call a cobweb dwaergsnaet, from 
drvaerg, whence apparently S. droich, a species of 
malevolent fairy or demon; very ingenious, and sup- 
posed often to assume the appearance of a spider, 
and to form these nets. The peasants of that country 
say, Jorden naetjar sig, *' the earth covers itself with 
a net," when the whole surface of the ground is co- 
vered with moose-webs, which, it is commonly be- 
lieved, indicates the seed-time. V. Ihre, vo. Naet. 
2. Denoting a spider^s web, S.J Add ; 

" It's a fell accident ; but if I might gie my ad- 
vice, an' I sud hae some experience, seeing the fa- 
mily I hae bom an' brought to man's estate, I wad 
just pit a bit mouseweb tilVt. It was ay what I used 
when ony of the bairns gat broken brows." Saxon 
and Gael. iii. 80. 

The term occurs in this sense in the version of Psa. 
Ixxxi. in the description of idols. 

They haue hands can nouther feill nor grop. 

Their fundyit feete can nouther gang nor loupe. 

They can pronounce no voyce furth of their throts. 

They are ouergane with muse-nfobs and motes. 

Poems Sixteenth Cent. i. 1 02. 
MoosE-wEBB^D, od/. Covered with spider^s webs. 

I was musin' i' my mind, — 

Wi' a toom pouch, an' plenishih but mean. 
In a wee hut mouse-weob'd, an' far frae clean. 

Taylor^s Scots Poems, p. 3. 
MOOTHLYE, adv. Softly, Ettr. For. 

— " 1 harde ane chylde unhaspe thilke sneck, as 
moothlye as ane snail quhan scho gaungs snowking 
owir thilke drowkyt swaird." Wint. Ev. Tales, ii, 41. 
V. MuiTH. 
MOOTIE, adj. Parsimonious, niggardly. Loth. 

This, I suspect, has the same origin with MatUit. 

V. MouT, V. 

MOOTIT-LIKE, adj. Puny, having the ap- 
pearance of declension in size, S. 
'^ I thought I saw ye lying in a lonesome place, 
an' no ane in the wide world to help or heed ye, till 
there was a poor bit black mootit-Uke corby came 
down frae the hills an' fed ye.'* Brownie of Bods- 
bock, ii. 134. 

Corr. from E. Moult, to cast the feathers. 

To MOOTLE, i;. a. To nibble, to fritter away. 
Thus a child is said to mootle ifspiece. Loth., 

M O R 

M O R 

Evidently a dimin. firom Maul, v», q. v. ; although 
it has been deduced from Lat. tnutil^^re, 
MOPPAT, J. An instrument for cleaning or yfeU 
ting the inner side of a cannon, 
*' Item, nyne moppatis mountit^ all serving to 8in« 
drie peceis." Inventories^ A. 1566^ p. l68. 

E. mop, Lat mappa. 
MORAY COACH, a cart, Banff's.; a cant term, 
used in ridicule of a neighbouring county ; like 
the phrase, a Tyburn Coach, 
MORGAN-STERNE, s. A warlike instrument 
formerly used by those who were besieged in 
defending themselves against their assailants. 
^ The Dutch one morning taunting us^ said^ they 
did heare^ there was a ship come from Denmarke to 
us^ laden with tobacco and pipes ; one of our sQul* 
diers shewing them over the worke a morgan Heme, 
made of a large stocke banded with iron like the shaft 
of a halbert^ with a round globe at the end with 
crosse iron pikes^ saith^ Here is one of the tobacco 
pipes> wherewith we will beate out your braines^ 
when ye intend to storme us." Monro's Exped. P. 
I. p. 65, 

Su.G. Dan. morgert'Slieme, literally the morning* 
star ; but the Teut. synon. morgken'Sierre is not only 
expl. Lucifer^ but also clava aculeata; Kilian. Belg. 
morgenstar, a club or cudgel with pricks ; Sewel. 
This is obviously a figurative^ and partly a ludicrous, 
use of the term. 

MORGOZ'D, part adj. Confused, Galloway. 
'' Any thing put into disorder^ so that it cannot be 
righted^ is said to be morgoz'd" Gall. Encycl. 

Perhaps originally a sea term. C.B. morgaseg, a 
breaker in the sea. This seems to be a figurative 
word^ being traced to mor sea, and caseg a mare, q. 
a seaprider. Mawrgets-iafi is to try greatly ; marvr^ 
gfvyz, a great fall. It may be allied, however, to Gael. 
morcAtttf pomp ; because of the disorder often caused 
by a great display of grandeur. 
MORGUE, s, A solemn face, an imposinglook, Fr. 
'^ Finding the ennemie efironted, tneir heartes may 
bee, thereupon, so farre stayed, as to stande and per- 
ceave that all Uiis supercilious shewe of a fierce as« 
sault is but a vaine and weakly backed bravado, 
which, to offer vs with a newe and high morgue, our 
adversaries have newlie bene animated by their late 
supplement of freshe forces from beyond sea." For- 
bes's Defence, p. 65. 
MORIANE,.ad;. Black, swarthy, &c.] 

Instead of — It is probably a contraction of Lat 
MaurUanus, a Moor, Read, — Fr. morien, id. Armor. 
tnauryan, moriein ; ^om Lat, &c. 
* MORNING, 8, 1. The designation given to 
a glass of spirits taken before breakfast, not on- 
ly in the Highlands, but by many Lowlanders, 
who pretend that this shocking custom is ne- 
cessary to whet their appetite, S. 
'* Of this he took a copious dram, observing, he 
had already taken his mommg with Donald Bean Lean, 
before his departure." Waverley, i. 269. 

^* Having declined Mrs. Flockhart's compliment 
of a morning, i. e. a matutinal dram, being probably 
the only man in the Chevalier's army by whom such 
a courtesy would have been rejected, he made his 
adieus, and departed with Galium." Ibid. ii. 3S0. 


*' Morning, morning dram ;'* GL Antiq« 

2. A slight repast taken at rising, some hours be- 
fore what is called breakfast, Dumfr. 

MORNING GIFT, the gift conferred by a hus- 
band, &c.] Add; 
In the Records, the reading i^Moroming Gift, Acts, 

Ed. 1814, p. S65, V. MoRowiNo. 

MORN I'E-MORNING, the mom after day. 
light breaks. Gall. 
" Mom ^e-moming, in the dead of winter, begins 

not until near eight o'clock." Gall. Encycl. 

To MORROCH, v. a. To soil, Galloway. 
" When any thing is trampled in a gutter, we say 

it is morroch'd." Gall. Encycl. 

Corr. perhaps from C.B. nuUhrach, a laying flat ; a 

trampling down; from mathr'-u, to trample, to tread. 

MORROW, 8. A companion ; or one thing which 
matches another, Shetl. V. Marrow. 

MORSING-HORN, 8, A flask for holding pow- 
der, or a priming horn. 
— -'' In sua far as is possible, that all the thre hun« 

drethe men be hagbutteris furnischit with powdir, 

flask, mor8%ng-hom%s, and all uthir geir belanging thair- 

to." Sed*. Counc. A. 1552, Keith's Hist. App. p. 67. 

Buff-coats, all frounced and broidered o'er. 

And morsing'konu* and scarfs they wore. 

* Powder-flasks. Lay of the Last Minstrd, p. 1 15. 

MORSING POULDER, apparently powder 
used for priming. 
** Item sex barrellis of morsing poulder," Inven* 

tones, A. 1 566, p. 1 7 1 • '' Sex barrellis of culvering 

poulder" are mentioned immediately before. 

Shall we suppose that this kind of powder was 

first used in mortars ; as Germ, morser denotes that 

description of artillery which is thus denominated ? 

MORT, 8. The skin of a sheep or lamb which 
dies ; pron. murt, Roxb. 
" Morts are the skins of sheep or lambs which 

die." Agr. Surv. Roxb. N. p. 259. 

MoRT-woo, 8, Wool of such skins, ibid. 

MORTAGE, 8, A particular mode of giving 
pledges; also denominated Deid Wad, V. 
Wad, 8, 

• MORTAL, adg. Dead drunk, S. 

MORTAR-STONE, 8, A stone formerly used 
for preparing barley, by separating it from the 
husks ; as serving the same purpose with a moT'^ 
tar in which substances are beaten, S. 

MoRTERSHESK, 8, That species of glanders, &c.] 
And now he's tane the mortersheen. 
See how he runs at nose and een. 
He'll poison a' thing there that's green.— • 
The Old Horse, Dufs Poems, p. S6. 
— '^ The other two regiments — was scattered here 

and there, and m^ny of the horses dead in the morte* 

chten." Spalding, ii. 275. 

This is otherwise spelled mord de ctuen, 

*^ Driuncaime reported the debate betwixt Mr. 

James Home and James Strahan, anent the horse in« 

fected with the mord de chien/* Fountainhall, i. 406. 
Fr. mart aux chiens, a carcase for the dogs ; firom 

the hopeless nature of this disease } 

MORTFUNDYIT, par^. /7a.] Add; 

M O R 


The O.E. V, 18 evidently the same. " 1 tnorfonde, 
as a horse dothe that wexeth styffe by taking of a 
sodayne colde: Je me morfons, — Je morfondis. And 
you morfimdt your horse, he wyll be the worse while 
he lyueth after ;" Palsgr. B. iii. F. 304, a. V.alsoF. 
S73 in / ttaruefor colde. He derives the last part of 
the word ftorafond-re to melt. Morfondre is still used 
in Fr. in the sense given above : and as there is no 
evidence of a different orthography, it seems doubt- 
ful whether the first syllable has been originally mart, 
q. dead. 

MORTH o' CAULD. « Those who receive a 

severe cold, get what is termed a morth 6* could; 

which means, their death from cold C GalL £nc. 

Fr. mort, death, or C.B. marwyd dying, marih-afit 

to become dead. 

MORT-HEAD, *. 1. A death's head, S. 
2. A large turnip excavated, with the representa- 
tion of a face cut through the side, and a lighted 
candle put within. This is carried about under 
night, Dy mischievous boys, as an object of 
terror, S. 
MoRTiFiCATioK, 9, 1 . The act of giving in mort- 
main, S.] Add; 

English visitorshave sometimes been much puesled 
by the use of this term, so different from that with 
which they have been acquainted. 

" We have lately got a mortification here/ said a 
northern burgess to a gentleman from England. ' I 
am very sorry for it,' replied the Engli«hman.— -The 
other stared, and added, * Yes, a very considerable 
mortification ; an old miser died the other day, and 
left us ten thousand pounds to build an hospital.' 
' And caU you that a mortification ?' said the stran- 
ger.—' Yes,' replied the Scotchman, ' and we think 
it a very great one.'* Sir J. Carr's Caledonian 
Sketches, p. 212, 213. 

The term lias sometimes afforded scope for the 
humour of our own countrymen. V. next article. 
Master of mortifications, an officer in a 
burgh who has the charge of all the funds iraon- 
iified to pious uses, S. 

" In one great borough (Aberdeen , if I remember 
rightly) there is a municipal officer who takes care 
of these public endowments, and is thence called the 
Master <^ Mortifications, One would almost presume, 
that the term had its origin in the effect which such 
settlements usually produce upon the kinsmen of 
those by whom they are executed." Guy Manner- 
ing, ii. 814. 

MoBTiFiER, s. One who gives property in mort- 
main, S. 

'' The founder of the charity is— called Moi-tifierr 
Sir J. Carr's Caledonian Sketches, p. 212. 
MORT YM, Morton, *. A species of wild fowl.] 

This is supposed to be the common Martin, Hi- 
rundo urbica, Linn.; often called Mertym, So. of S. 
MORT-SAFE, s. A frame of cast iron with 
which a coffin is surrounded during five or six 
weeks, for the purpose of preventing the rob- 
bery of the grave, Fife. 
MORWYNGIFT, s. The same with Morning 



" Our souerane lorde ratifijt, — & be the autorite 
of parliament confirmit the donatioun & gift of our 
souerane lady the qwenis drowry & morwynglft" 
AcU Ja. IV. 1503, Ed. 18 U, p. 240. 

MOSS, 8. The Eriophorum vagmatum, Roxb. ; 

synon. Moss-crops. 

" Early in spring, sheep, in marshy districts, feed 
much upon the Eriophorum vaginatum called by the 
farmers and their shepherds moss," Agr. Surv« 
Roxb., p. 108. 

Moss-BLUTER, s. The snipe, Roxb. 
MOSS-CHEEPER,*. l.The Marsh Titmouse.! 

2. This term is also used to denote the Tit-lark, 

Alauda pratensis, Linn. 

*' In descending the Urioch hill, I found the nest of 
a titlark, or MosS'cheeper." Fleming's Tour in Arran. 
Moss-BOiL, s. A fountain in a moss. Gall. 

'^ MosS'b^lSfl&rge moorland foimtains, the sources 
of rivers ;" Gall. Encycl. 

Denominated, most probably, from their boiling 
up. Isl. buU ebuUitio, buU-a ebullire. 
MosscoRVs, s. Silver weed.] Add ; 

'* For all his exertion, he found nothing to eat, save 
one or two mosscorns, and a groimd walnut, with 
which he was obliged to content himself." Brownie 
of Bodsbeck, ii. 269* 
Moss-CBOPs, tf. ^Z. Cotton-rush.] Add; 

" The chief food of sheep in winter, is the grass 
which they reject in summer. — Their earliest spring' 
food is a plant bearing a white cotton head, vulgarly 
designed Moas-crop. — This is the Catia so often 
used by Ossian, and other northern bards, in their 
descriptions of the beauty of women." Pennecuik's 
Descr. Tweedd. Ed. 1815, p. 53, N. 
Moss-FA^EN, adf. A term applied to trees, which 
. have been hewed down, or overthrown by tem- 
pest or inundation, and gradually covered with 

mosSy as lying wberp a morass has been formed; 

q. moss^aUen, S.B. 

This is probably the origin of Moss-faw, in Fife 
used to denote a ruinous building. It may have re- 
ceived this sense only in a secondary way, or obliquely. 
MossFAW, s. Any building in a ruinous state, 


MOSS-HAG, «. Moss-g]v>und that has formerly 

been broken up. 

'' I ne'er gat ony gude by his doctrine, as ye ca't, 
but a gude fit o' the batts wi' sitting amang die wat 
moss'hags for four hours at a yoking." Tales of my 
Landlord, ii. l67« V. Hao. 
MossMiNGiK, s. The name given in Clydes. to 

the Cranberry, Myrtillus occyccos. 

MOSTED, adj. Crop-eared, Moray. 

" The elf-bull is small, compared with earthly 
bulls, of a mouse-colour ; mosted (crop-eared) with 
short corky horns." Northern Antiq. p. 405. 

Fr. mousse, " dulled, blunted, made edgelesse, or 
pointlesse ;** Cotgr. 

MOT, aux. V. May, S. 

I find that the t^ occurs in this form in O.E. V.Mat. 

MOT, s. A word, Fr. 
** Yet I may wryte un mo^ to your L, quhilk the 

M O U 

M O U 

Laird of Loffynorys schew me, sayand. That thair 
wes deverse of the new sect of the principallis that 
are in thir partis, that said till him, that I wes nocht 
qualifiet to ressone with Willok, because he wes cho- 
sen Primat of thair religioun in this realrae, and I 
wes hot ane meyne man in our estait ; swa that thair 
wes nane qualifiet to ressoune with him bot my Lord 
of Sanct Androis." Crosraguell to Abp. of Glasgow^ 
Keith's Hist. App. p. 19^. 

* MOTE, s. A crumb, a very small piece of any 
thinpr, Roxb. 

To MOTE, v.a. 1. To pick motes out of arty 

thing, S.] Insert^ as sense 
2. Used, by the vulgar, as a more delicate word 

for the act of lousmg one^s self or another, S. 
S. v.n. Metaph. to use means for discovering^ im- 

Fer ethar is, quha list syt down and mote, 
Ane vther sayaris faltis to spy and note. 
Than but offence or fait thame self to wryte. 

Doug, Virg, 485. 42. 
MoTTiE, MoTTY, UJE0. Abounding in motes, S. 

'' Mottie, full of motes or atoms ;" Gl. Sibb. 
MOTHER-BROTHER, s. A maternal uncle. 
— '' The lordis would in no wayes — consent that 
the king sould pas in Ingland at that time himself, to 
vse sick rigour and malice to his molher'-brother," Pit* 
scottie's Cron. p. 401. 

" Avunculus, the molher-brotker*' Wedderbum's 
Vocab. p. 11. 

Sw. moderbroder, an imde by the mother's side^ 
MOTHER-SISTER, s. A maternal aunt 

*' Matertera, the mother^siHer'' Wedd. Vocab. p« IL 
MOTTYOCB^'D, part. adj. Matted* V. Mutt- 


MOU, 8^ The notch in the end of the beam, in- 
to which the rope used in drawing a plough, is 
fastened, Orkn. 
Mou-piN, s. A pin which fastens this rope to the 

beam, ibid. 
MOUD, s. A moth, Selkirks. 

His coat was thred about wi' gre^il. 

The mouds had wrought it muckle harm. 
The poutches war an ell atween. 
The cuff was faldit up the arm. 

Hog^ Mountain Bard, p. 193. 
The friendly breeze, and nipping frosty 

The mouds assail'd ; 

And put to rest ilk fretting host. 

That had prevail'd. 

A. Scott's Poems, pk 83. 
Chaucer writes moughte. Alem. modo id. 
MOUDIE, MowDiE, s, A mole, S. V. Mowdie. 
" It's better than lying deep i' the cauld grund 
amang moudies and shank banes." Blackw. Mag. 
June 1820, p. 288. 

I have been at times apt to consider this as an 
abbrev. of Moldiewarp, or Moldiwart. But as Su.G. 
muUtvad has the same meaning, perhaps Moudie is 
rather a diroin. frpm this source. 
MouniE-sKix, s. A mole^s skin. 

The shilling moves the prison hold within. 
And scorns the limits of the moudp-skin. 

FiUage Fair, Eladkrv. Mag. Jan. 1«21, p. 425. 

*' MoU'Skin, of which the purses of the ScoUish 
peasantry were frequently made. It was reckoiied 
lucky to possess one." Note. 
To MOVE OF, V. n. To descend according to 
a certain lineage, ill Reference to heritable pro- 

'* The said personis has errit becauss thai fand the 
said James Callirwood lauchfule are to the said vm-> 
quhile Patric Moffet, of the saidis landis, he nocht 
beand lauchfully descendit of the kyne & blude that 
the landis movit of, nouthir of faderis side nor moderis 
side.'' Act Dom. Cone. A. 1479, p. 42. 

Pr. mouv^r " as relever, to hold land of;" L.B. 
mov-ere, dependere. Defeudis dicitur,quaecertiB ser- 
vitiis simt obnoxia, et ab alio dependunt ; Du Cange. 

MOULD-BOARD, s. A wooden board on the 
Scottish plough, which turned over the furrow, S. 
" She— endeaVouired to counteract the effects it 
might produce — ^by such an education as might put 
him above the slightest thought of sacks [socks P^, 
coulters, stilts, mould'boards, or any thing connected 
with the servile drudgery of the ploughi" The 
Pirate, i. 72. 

To MOULIGH, r. n. To whimper, to whine, 


tsl. moegl-a to murmiir, moegl bet df mmrnuringi 
Teut. muyUen, to project the snout from displeasure 
6r indignation, to mutter, to murmur ; from muyl, 
the mouth. This nearly resembles Moolat, v, 

Ir. Gael, maoluigk^-afn to become dull, stupid. 
MOULS, MowLEs, s.jpl Chilblains ; now vul- 
garly denominated MocHy heels. 

" Pernio, the tnottls" Wedderb. Vocab. p. ig. 

" The Mowles,^ Despaut Gram. B. 7, b. 

Mowle had been used in 0.£. in a general sense; 
"3foi»fesoore,p.e.asore]. Pustula." Prompt. Parv. 

This had been the ancient name. V. Mules. The 
Dutch seem to view this disease with particular de« 
testation, if we may judge from two of the nameaf 
given to it, both referring, [like the vulgar designa^ 
tion, to the heel. These are Kakhititn and Schythielen. 
V. Nemnich, vo. Perniones. 
• To MOUNT, V. n. To make ready, to make 

all necessary preparation for setting off, S. 
I plays my part, and lats them win awa', 
I mounts, and with them aff what we could ca*. 

Ross's Helenore, p. 70. 

Borrowed, it would seem, from the idea of getting 
on horseback, in order to set off on an expedition. 

It is often used actively in regard to apparellikig 
one's self, S. Johns, giv^s A sense of the v, in £. 
though without any example, nearly allied, " to em- 
bellish with ornaments." This seems, however, to 
respect jewellery and other work of a ^milar kind. 

MOUNT AIN-DEWi s. A cant term for High- 
land whisky that has. paid no duty, S. 
^' Otie of the shepherds, irho had sjI come down 
from the mountain-heights, hnd '^ere collected to^ 
gether, (nbt without a quech of die mounUnn-dew, or 
water of life,) in a large shed, t^ad Sent out to bring 
the poor girl instantly into the house." Lights and 
Shadows, p. 372. 

*' The spectators and combatants adjourned to thtt 
inn, where bread, cheese, and mountain-dem WerU li« 

M O U 


beraUy provided for them." Edin. Even. Cour. Jan. 

22, 1821. 

MOUNTAIN-MEN, s.pL 1. The name riven 
to thoee persecuted Presbyterians in Scotland, 
who, dunng tlie tyrannical reigns of Charles II. 
and his brother James, were under the neces- 
sity of betakinjz themselves to the mountainous 
districts for reUi^, and for enjoying the privi- 
lege of worshippmg God according to their con- 
sciences, S. V. Hill-folk. 
" You know, said he, my son is come over to me 
lately, by whom I heard from my fHends in the High- 
lands and Lowlands, and have good assurance of as- 
sistance from them, as also from those a foot of our 
party in Scotland, called the Mountaine Men.** Sir 
P. Hume's Narrative, p. 22. 
S. This distinctive name is still riven to those 
Presbyterians in this country, who do not ac- 
knowledge the lawfulness of the present civil 
Snremment ; as adhering to the principles of 
ose who disowned the authority of Charles II. 
and James ; S. 
MOUNTING, s. The ornamental furniture of 
any piece of dres-^*, S. 

'' There is a lightness in cloathing as to colour, 
mounting as they call it, &c. and in dressing of the 
body, which cDay be seen in these dressings of the 
hair, in powderings, laces, ribbon, points, &c. which 
are so much in use with plants of the time." Dur- 
ham, X. Command, p. 363. 

In £. mount is used as a v. signifying '' to embel- 
lish with ornaments.** 
To Moup, V. n. To fall off, to fail ; H^s be^ 

ffirmm to moupf he begins to fall off, S. 
t is more generally applied to the external ap- 
pearance, and equivalent to the phrase. He looks 
moupU^'likef He resembles what has been nibbled er 
flittered away. 
To MouPEE, V. a. To eat in the way of continued 

nibbling, Roxb.; a diminutive from Moup, v, a. 
MOURY, adf. Apparently, mellow, S. 

'' Make the land moury and soft, and open the 
same before it be sown with any sort of seed." A. 
Napier's New Order of Gooding and Manuring, 
Trans. Antiq. Soc. ii. 154. 

Su.G. Isl. mtor, tener, whence Isl. miork-a tenuare; 
ffior, pulvis minutus ; moer arvina ; Su.G. moer mol« 
lis; Teut morwe, mollis, tener; Sax. moekr; A.S. 
maerwa, id. 
MGURIE, s. Gravel mingled with sand in its 

natural stratum, Moray. 
Isl. moer, solum grumis stoilibus obsitum; G.Andr» 
To MOUT, V. n. To moult] Add ; 

It was written mute in O.E. ** 1 mule as a hauke or 
birde dothe his fethers." Palagr. B. iii. F. 805, b. 
MOUTCHIT, MiTTCHiT, 8. A disrespectful 

term applied to children ; oiuilar to smakhet^ 

Teviotit Fr. mouschetUy a small fly. 
To MOUTER, V. n. To fret, to fall off in conse- 
quence of fnction or some similar cause. Loth. 

I hesitate whether the term, as thus used, is not 
a oorr. of £. mundder, as it is applied to friable stones, 
rotten wood, &c. 

Vol. II, 187 

MOUTH-POEE, s. The bag out of which a 

horse eats his corn ; used by carters, and sus* 

pended from the horse^s neck, S. 
To MOUTLE, V, a. To nibble, to fritter away ; 

pron. q. mooUe, Clydes. Mout synon. Roxb. 
To MOUZE, V. n. To act clandfestinely in a 

predatory way. 

" I would exhort by the way all worthy soul- 
diers, who aime at credit, never to give themselves 
to moute or plunder aside from the armie, lest they 
be punished, in dying ignominiously by the hands 
of cruell tjrrants." Monro's Exped. P. II. p. 124. 

Teut. muyt'^n, tadte quaerere, abdita magno si« 
lentio inquirere; an emblem borrowed from the cat 
MOW, MouE, «. A heap, a pile, S.] Add; 

Palsgrave explains hey-mone, las de foyne; B. iii. 
F. S9, b. 

I'le instantly set all my hines to thrashing 

Of a whole reeke of come, which I will hide 

Under the ground ; and with the straw thereof 

rie stuff the out^sides of my other mowes. 

That done. He have Tiem emptie all my gamers. 

Ben. Jonson's Works, i. 83. 

The term is used more generally than in £. ; for 
we say, a Peat^-mow, a rick of peats, as well as JSor- 
i!ery-ifiaf9, &c S. Hence the phrase, '^ Success to the 
MOW, s. S. Used in the sense of jest.] Add; 

O.E. '' motve, a scome, rFr.l move;" ralsgr. B. 
iii. F. 49, b. 
To Mow, V. n. To lest, &c.] Add; 

O.E. id. '' I mowe (with the mouthe), I mocke 
one; Je fays la moue;" Palsgr. B. iii. F. 804, b. 
Mow-band, s. A halter, Ayrs. 

" Mow-^band, halter ;" Gl. Surv. Ayrs. p. 69^. 

Teut. muyl-band, capistrum; muyUand'-en, capis*- 


'' That ther sail be na tnowbeiraris upon paine of 
sliting of their sheitis, and standing in the Braid* 
yeane" Council-Book B. of Ayr; A. 15-— 

As this seems to respect the practice of gleaning 
in harvest, the term must denote bearers of heaps, 
viz. of ears gathered, to which they might occasion- 
ally add handfuls taken from the sheaves; from A.S. 
mowe acervus, strues: whence, says Lye, nostra Mow, 
acervus foeni, hordei, &c. As they carried home their 
spoil in sheets, part of the punishment consisted in 
tf/tV/titgthese, that they might be prevented from again 
employing them for the same purpose. V. Braid* 


MOWCH, s. A spy, an eavedropper.] Add; 
This is evidently the same with Mush, as it is now 

G[>nounced. V. Mush. 
ow-cuE, s. A twisted halter used for curbing 
a young horse, Roxb. 

Perhaps from S. mow, the mouth, or Su.G. nml, 
id., and kufwa, Isl. kug-a, supprimere, subjugare. 
MOWDEWARP, s. A mole, S. 

" Let the bishops be mowdewarps : we will lay 
our treasures in heaven, where they be safe." Lett. 
A. Melville, Life, ii. 446, 447* 

This seems in its formation a different word from 
Modywart, q. v.; being from mold terra, and weorp* 


M U A 

M U C 

an jactare. It is provincial £.; for Verstegan says, 
vo. Awarpen, ** We call^ in some parts of England, 
a mole, a mouldtvarp, which is as much as to say a 

MOWDY, MowDiE, MouDiBy ^. A mole, S, A., 
Dumfr.y Gall. 

Wi' hungry maw he scoors frae knowe to knowe. 
In hopes of food in mowdy, mouse, or streaw. 

Davidson's Poems, p. 4. 
V. what is said, as to the origin, under Moudib. 
MowDiE-BROD, s. A woodcn board on the Scot- 
tish plough, which turned over the furrow, now 
exchanged for a cast-iron plate denominated a 
Fur-side, S. 
This is probably a corr. of Mould-board, V. Mow- 


MouDY-HiLLAN, «. A mole-hiU, Gall. 
They — ^round a tammock wheel, an', fleggin, toss 
The moudy^hillan to the air in stoor. 

Davidson's Seasons, p. 25. V. Hillan. 
MowDiE-HiLLOCK, s. A heap of earth thrown 

up by a mole, South of S. 
MowniE-Hoop, ^. A mole-hill, Fife; fromJfon^ 

die, a mole, and Teut. hoop, a heap. 
MowDiE-MAN, *. A mole-catcher, Gall. 

** Mowdie-men, mole-catchers ;" Gall. Encycl. 
MowDiEWARK, s. A molc, Upp. Lanarks. V. 


MowDiEwoRT-BURD, s. The mould-board of a 

plough, Fife; elsewhere mowdiewarp-iurd ; as 

throTmng up the moldy like a mole. 
MOWDIWART, s. A designation improperly 

given to a coin. 

^-^' My kind master took out from between se- 
veral of the button-holes in the breast of my great 
coat, two gold motvdiwarls, three silver marks, and 
several placks and bodies." Perils of Man, p. 306. 

The Portuguese denomination of a gold coin, 
moidor, had been running in the author's head when 
he wrote this ; for such a term was never applied to 
Scottish money. 

MO WELL, adf. Moveable, Aberd. Reg. 
MOWR, s. " Mock, jeer, flout;^ Upp. Clydes. 
Wi' mop an' mowr, an' glare an' glowr. 
Grim faces girn ower the waves. 
Mar maiden of Clyde, Edin. Mag. May 1820. 

O.Teut. morre, os cum prominentibus labris; morr" 
en, grunnire ; murmurare ; tacite stomachare; Ki- 
lian ; q. '^ to make mouths." Thus moivr is nearly 
allied in sense to E. mop conjoined with it, which is 
defined by Johnson, '' a wry mouth made in con- 
MOZIE, s. " A moidert-lookinff person ; a be« 

ing with silly intellects ;" GalL Encycl. 
MOZIE, adj. Sharp, acrimonious, ill-natured, 

having a sour look, Ayrs. 

This would not seem to have any alliance, in sig- 
nification, with Mozy. Gael, muiseag is expl. ^^threat« 
ening," and mosach '^ rough, bristly ;" Sbaw. 

MUA SICKNESS, a disease of sheep, Zetl. 

*' The Mua sickness, or rot, is also one of tlie 
diseases with which the Zetland sheep are affected. 
The insects which infest the liver in this complaint, 


are often three quarters of an inch in diameter, and 
flap vigorously on a table when removed from their 
nidus." Edmonstone's Zetl. ii. 224. 

Norw. fnoe signifies dampness, moisture, and my, 
Dan. fnyg, soft; Isl. nuoive, tenuis fio. 
MUCHT, V. aux. Might, S.O. 

Through miles o' dirt they mucht hae struted 
As dry's a cork. 
Picken's Poems 1 788, p. Sp. V. Mocht. 
To MUCK, V. a. 1. To carry out dung^ &c., 

SJ Add; 
% To lay on dung, to manure, S. 

But now she's gane to muck the land. 
An' fairly dead. 
Ruickbie's Wayside CoUager, p. 177. 
Isl. myk^a, stercorare, is used in the same sense: 
for Haldorson gives it as synon. with Dan. gioed-er, 
S. to gude, gttdin, i. e. to enrich by manure. 
Muck, s. Dung, S. 

I give this term, common to £, and S., merely to 

take notice of a coarse, but very emphatical, ex«* 

pression proverbially used in S., and applied to one 

who is regarded as a drone in society, and a burdei^ 

to others. Ye re just Jit to mak muck o' meal, good for 

nothing but to consume food, literally to convert it 

into dung. V. Proof under Ganorel, SuppL* 

MucK-CBEEL, 8. A large hamper formerly used 

for carrying out dung to the fields, S. This 

was sometimes carried by women on their 

backs, to the disgrace of the gallantry of man; 

at other times by horses. 

" Ane pair of mukcreUs ;" Aberd. Reg. A. 1538^ 
V, i6. v. HoUOHAM. 

'' He will say, I cannot put my hand to such a 
worke : No, put thy hand to the pleugh, and lead 
muck creeles, and goe to the vylest exercise, that is 
rather ore thou win not thy lining by worke." Bol- 
lock on 2 Thes. p. 147* 
MucK-MinDEN, s. A dunghill. 

^' The council 1703, ratines ane old act, order- 
ing the inhabitants, that nane of them sell, on any 
pretence, muckmiddins, or foulyie, to any persone 
not a burgess or inhabitant of the toun's territorie/' 
Ure's Hist Rutherglen, p. 6g, 
MucELE-cHAiR, J. An old-fashioned arm-chmr, S* 
*^ Mucklcrckair, the large arm-chair^ common in 
all houses, whose inmates revere the. memory of 
their forefathers." Gall. Encycl. 
MucKLE-coAT, s. A great coat, S. 

Our goodman came hame at e'en,. 

And hame came he. 
And there he saw a muckle coat. 
Where nae coat shou'd be. 

Herd^s Call ii. 174^ 
Tis true I have a muckle coat. 
But how can I depend on't? 
For ne'er a button's frae the throat, 
Down to the nether end on't ! 

Ruickbi^s Wayside Cottager, p. 158. 
McTCELE-Mou^D, o^'. Havmg a wide mouth, S, 
— ^What though her mou' be the maist I hae seen, 
'^Muckle^mou'd fock hae a luck for their meat. 

Hogg's Mountain Bard, p. 6S 
MucxLEMESs, ^. Largeness in ^ze, S.. 


Mu€KLE-woETH, o^. Of great value, S. 
To MUDDLE, v. n. To be busy, &c.] Add; 
2. To be busy in a clandestine way, doing work 

although unperceived, Ayrs. ; nearly synon. 

with Gruhble. 

•' ril gang warfly and cannily o'er to Castle Rooks- 
borough myself and muddle about the root o' this af- 
fair till I get at it." Sir A. Wylie, ii. 21. 

" The worthy lawyer— had been for some time in 
ill healthy and unable to give regular attendance to his 
clients at the office, * symptoms,* as the Leddy said 
when she heard it,—' that he felt the cauld hand 
o' death muddling about the root o' life." Entail, 
ii. 244. 

It has been remarked to me, that Mnddk and Pud- 
dle convey nearly the same idea; with this difference, 
that the one regards dry, and die other wet, work. 
8. To have carnal knowledge of a female, S. In 

this sense it occurs in an old song. 
To MUDDLE, v. a. To tickle a person, while 

he who does so at the same time lies on him to 

keep him down, Clydes. 

This seems allied to Teut. moddeUen, fodicare, scru- 
tari ; as he who tickles another as it were pokes with 
his finger. 
To MUDGE, V. a. To move, to stir, S. 

** My brither tuke the naig by the head, to lead 
him hame. — Nowther £eechan nor whippan could 
mak him mndge a fit" Edin. Mag. Sept. 1818, 
p. 155. 

*' Ye may gang, — and lay the black kist i' the 
kirk-yard hole, but I'll no mudge the ba' o' my muc- 
kle tae m ony sic road." The Entail, i. SOg. 
MUD6EONS, 8. pi. Motions of the counten- 

ance denoting discontent, scorn, &c., Border, 

Roxb., Renfr. 

This is quite a different word from Murgeon, which 
is now used to signify expressions of discontent, &c. 
by the voice ; although die v. seems to have admit- 
ted formerly greater latitude of signification. They 
have still been viewed as totally different For Mud* 
gean is evidently the same wltn that anciently writ- 
ten Mudyeonj and generally conjoined with it V. 


Perhaps it is allied to Isl. moedg-a irritare, moedgan 
irritatio, fVom Su.G. mod ira, animi fervor ; Moes.G. 
mods id., whence modags iratus. For what are mud" 
geonsy but expressions of the anger or irritation of 
the mhid, appearing in the countenance ? 
MUFFITIES, *. A kind of mittens.] Add; 

The term is used in the same sense, Orkn. 
To MtJG, MuGGLE, V. w. To drizzle, Ab^. 
Mug, Muogle, a* A drizzling rain, ibid. 
Muggy, Muggly, od/. Drizzly, ibid. 

Isl. mugga, caligo pluvia vel nivalis; mygUng-r, 
caligo cum tenuissimo ningore ; Haldorson. 
To MUG, V. a. To soil, to defile. Mugging part 

pr. soiling one^s self, using dirty practices in 

whatever way ; Renfrews. 

Dan. mougf soil, dirt; the same with £. mucL 
To MUG, V. a. " To strike or buck a ball out 

from a wall, as is done in the game q£ the wa^ 

baw i^ Gall Encycl. 


M U 1 

C.B. mmfch, hasty, quick ; nmchMW, to hasten, to 
be quick. 

MUGGED, oJ;. Probably, rough ; as formed 
from Gael. fncgocA, shaggy. 
It occurs in '' a Prophesie of the Death of the Mar- 
quis of Argyll,"— said to be ''imprinted at Inverlo- 
chie," A. 1656. 

It hath been prophesied of old. 
And by a pr^uJier then foretold. 
That mugged mantle thou hes on 
In pieces shall be rent and torn, && 

Ap. Law's Memorialis, p. 11 7. 

MUGGER, s. One who deals in earthen vessels 

or mtigSy hawking them through the country. 

South of S. 

" Now their common appellation is Muggers, or, 
what pleases them better. Potters. They purchase, 
at a cheap rate, the castor faulty articles, at the dif- 
ferent manufactories of earthen ware, which they 
carry for sale dl over the country." Scottish Gypsies, 
Edin. Month. Mag. May 1817, p. 157. 
MUGGER, s^ The herb properiy called Mtig^ 

wortj Ayrs. ; Muggart^ Gall.; Muggert^ S.B 

'' Muggarl, the mugwort ;" Gall. Encycl. 
MUGG Y, o^/. TipsjT) a low word, S.) from mugj 

as denoting a drinking vessel. 
MUGGIE, s. The hole into which a ball is rolled, 

Roxb. ; CapieJuyle^ Lanarks. 

Perhaps from its resemblance to a round vessel, E. 
mug. As, however, Su.G. miugg signifies clandes* 
tinely, mnggie miffht originally respect the hiding •f 
the ball in the hole. 

To Muggie, V. a. To put the ball into the hole Aparticular breed of sheep.] j^dd; 

" A pollard, or polled sheep, Scot. A. Mug. — LaiUi 
longissima, mollissima. Comutis mitior, delicatior, 
morbisque prodivior." Dr. Walker^s Essays on Nat 
Hist p. 522. 

The characteristic distinction in Galloway would 
seem to be different 

*^ Mugg-sheep, sheep all white-coloured,— lowland 
sheep." Gall. Encyd. 

C.B. mwyg might seem to correspond with Dr. 
Walker's description; '* That is soft or puffed;'^ 

MUIR-BAND, s. A hard subsoil composed of 

clayey sand impervious to water. 

'^ Some []muirs^ are of a thin poor day, upon a 
bad till bottom ; others of a thin siuface of peat moss, 
wasted to a kind of black light earth, often mixed 
with sand, upon a subsoil of impervious till, or a 
compacted clayey sand, apparency ferruginous, like 
a bad species of sandstone not perfectly lapidified. 
This peculiar species of subsoil is provincially called. 
Moor 'band, and, like the coarse day or till bottom, is 
absolutdy impervious to water." Agr. Surv. Berw. 
p. 32. 
MUIRFOWL EGG, a spedes of pear, S. 

^* The Muirfowl egg is another pear of good quali« 
ties, said to be originally Scottish," Neill's Hortic. 
Edin. Encycl. p. 212, 

MUIR-ILL, Mooa-iLL, s. A disease of black 
cattle.] Addi 

M U L 


^^MurC'iO, a diaordar common among cattle, and 
thought to proceed from the animals eating poison- 
oua herbs." Grail. EncycL 

'' Though he helped Lambside's cow weel out of 
the fnoor-'iUy yet the louping-ill's been sairer amang 
his this season than onj season before." Tales of my 
Landlord, i. 200. 

MUIST, Must, s. Musk, S.] -irfd;— Hence, 
MuiST-BoXy s. A box for smelling at, a musk-box. 

** I'll tell you news. Sirs, I carry a little muisl-box 
(which is the word of God) in my bosom, and when 
I meet with the ill air of ill company, that's like to 
gar me swarf, I besmell myself with a sweet savour 
of it, and with the name of God, which is as oint- 
ment poured out." Mich. Bruce's Lect. &c p. 68. 
M UITH, o^;. 1. Warm and misty, as applied 

to the weather. ^^ A muHh morning,^ a close, 

dull, warm, foggy morning, Roxb. ; pron. as 

Fr. u. 
2. Soft, calm, comfortable, ibid. 
S. Cheerful, jovial, ibid., Lanarks. 

C.B. mwyth mollis, " smooth, soil, fnwjfth-^w to 
mollify, to soften," Owen. Teut moedigh corres- 
ponds with Muith, both as signifying soft, and cheer- 
ful; lenis; also, animosus. As denoting closeness of 
the air, it might seem allied to Isl. tnoeda, obscura- 
men, fuligo ; G. Andr. 

This is the same with Mooth, S.B., q. v. Both are 
prpnounced alike. 

It assumes the form of Meeih in Aberdeens. 
AfUKITLAND AITTES, oats raised from 

ground that has been manured. 

»-'' Thrie chalders victuall^ half beir, half muhU" 
land aiHes" &c. Acts. Cha. I. £d. 1814, voL V. 144. 
V. Muck, ». 
MULDES, MooLS, s. pi 1. Earth in a pulve* 

rized state.] Add; 

Now fields convuls'd like dashing waves. 

Wild row alang. 
And out the ripen'd treasure laves 
The mooU amang. 

A. Scott's Poems, p. 37< 

'^ Laid in the numls, means laid in the grave." Gl. 
To MULE, MooL, v, n. S. To mule in with one.] 


And there will be Alaster Sibbie, 
Wha in n>i^ black Betsy did tnooL 

Blythsome Bridal, Her^s CM. ii. 24. 
MuLiE, a^. Full of crumbs ; or of earth broken 

into very small pieces, Clydes. 
MuLiNEss, «. The state of being full of crumbs, 

&c., ibid. 
MULE, s. A mould ; as, a hutton-muU^ S. ; con*. 

from the E. word. 
MULES, 8. pi. Kibes, chilbliuns.] Add; — South 

of S. 

" Mules, Moolie heels, childblains ;" Gl. Sibb. V. 


MULETTIS, s. pi Great mules. 
^Syne to Berwick on the mome, 
Uhair all men leuch my lord to scome ; 
Na muletlis thair his cofTeris caries. 
Leg. Bp. St. Androis, Poems I6th Cent. p. 328^ 


Fr. mulei, ** a great mule ; a beast much used in 
France for the carriage of sumpters," &c. Cotgr. 
MULIN, MooLiN, MuLocK, s. A crumb.] Add; 

** He's blawing his moolins;*' a proverbial phrase. 
Loth. ; which signifies that a man is on his last 1^^> 
that he is living on the last remnants of his fortune. 

This is borrowed from the practice of boys, par- 
ticularly of herds, who after they have eaten the piece 
of oat-bread, which they had carried to school, or to 
the field, take out the crumbs and blow the dust from 
them, that they may eat these also. Add to etymon: 

Ci. mwl,vc, m,vdg. refuse, .weepiogs; from mwl, 
a mass, a lump. Ital. molena, a crumb of bread. 
MULLIGRUMPHS,*.pZ. InthemuUigrumphs^ 

sullen, discontented, suiky, Roxb. 
Waes me, the mulUgrumphs she's ta'en. 
An' toss'd him wi' a vengefu' wap 
Frae out her silk saft downy lap. 

A. Scott's Poems 1811, p. 19- 

A variety of the low £. term mulligrubs; with this 
difference that the last syllable seems to refer to the 
grunting of a sow as an expression of ill humour. 
MULLIS, s. A kind of slippers.] Add; 

'' He had no coat, but a pair of black breeks, white 
socks, and a pair of moolson his feet." Spalding, ii. 218. 

Mules still denotes slippers^ Upp. Clydes. V.Mulis. 
MULLOCH, s. " The crumbled offal of a peat- 
stalk;^ Gl. Surv. Moray. 

This must be merely a determinate sense of Mu-- 
lock, a crumb ; q. the crumbled remains of a peat- 

StacJt. V. MuLIN, MuLOCK. 

MULREIN, s. The Frog-fish, Frith of Forth. 

*' Lophius piscatarius, (L. Europaeus of Dr. Shaw)| 
Frog-fish; Toad-fish; Mulrein. — Here it is named the 
Mulrein, or Mareillen ; sometimes the 3ferZtn-fish." 
Neill's List of Fishes, p. 23. 

From the description of this fish, we nught suppose 
the name to have been formed from Isl. mule, os pro- 
cerum ac eminens rostrum, and raen-a rapere, q. the 
fish that snatches with its mouth. This corresponds 
with another of its vulgar names, Wide^gab, q. v« 
MUM, 8. A mutter, S.B.] Add; 

" Let none pretend the gpspell of Christ to their 
idlenesse : fy on the mouth that speaks of Christ, and 
then is out of all calling and idle: speake not one word, 
or one mum of Christ, if thou hast not a calling and 
be exercisde therein." Rollock on 2 Thes. p. 140. 
— I'll wad my head. 

At the neist courting bout, but ye'U come speeds 

But wha wad hae you, whan ye sit sae dumb. 

And never open mou' to say a mum ? 

Ross's Helenore, p. 37* 

An intelligent correspondent asks; *' May not this 
mean the same as £. whist, so named from the silence 
observed during the game/' q. the silent cards? 

Urquhart translates, A la chance, one of the games 
played by Gargantua, "At the chance or mfim chance."' 
Rabelais^ p. 94. 
To MUMGE (^soft), v. n. To grumble, to 

fret ; generally applied to children^ when any 

request is refused, Roxb. 

" Gae away when I bid ye — What are ye mnmgin 
at?" Brownie of Bodsbeck, i. 5. V. To Mcnoe. 
MUMM'D, part. pa. Tingling ; used to denot©^ 

M U N 

that disagreeable sensation which one has in the 
hands, wnen one warms them too quickly after 
being very cold, Berwicks. 
It seems merely a corruption of E. benumbed, 

MuMNEss, s. The state of being benumbed, 
want of feeling in any part of the body, Loth. 

To MUMP, V. n. To speak in an affected style, 
and so to disguise the words, in attempting fine 
pronunciation, that they can scarcely be under- 
stood, Ettr. For. 

To Mump, v. a. 1. Apparently signifying to 
mimic in a ludicrous way. 
'^ He nodded his head, and said to himsel', ' Now, 

if I hae nae mumpU the minister, my name's no John 

Gray o' Middlehohn." Hogg's Wint Tales, i. 334. 

2. « To hint, to aim at ^ GL Shirrefs. 
This is often used in the proverbial phrase ; '^ I 

ken your meaning by your mumping; S. Kelly gives 

it in an £. form, with know, adding ; " I know by 

your motions and gestures what you would be at, and 

what you design." P. 183. 

To MUMP, V. n. To hitch, to move by suc- 

cussation, Roxb. Hence, 
MiTMP-THE-cuDDiE, «. A play of children, in 

which they sit on their hunkers or hams^ with 

a hand in each hough, and, retaining this posi- 

lion, hop or hitch forward ; he who arrives first 

at the fixed goal gaining the prize ; Roxb. 

This is nearly the same with what is elsewhere 
called Dancing Curcuddie. V. Curcuddoch. 

Although the termination be the same, it would 
seem, in file South, to have some reference to the 
Cuddie or ass. 
MuiiP, *. A ** whisper, surmise." Gl. Surv. 

Ayrs. p. 693. 
To MUMPLE, V. n. « To seem as if going to 

vomit ;" Gall. Encycl. 

This may be corr. from C.B. mwngial, to speak 
from the throat ; as one might be said to do who 
reaches from nausea. Or it may be a dimin. from 
Mump, as signifying to make faces. 

MUN, MuNN, s, A short-hafted spoon.] Add; 
—Donald, tir'd wi lang-kail in a mun, 
Afs ain fire side, long'd for the slipp'ry food 
And dainty cleadin^ o' some unken'd land. 

Davidson's Seasons, p. 12. 
MUN, s. Asmall and trifling article, Upp. Clydes. 

C.B. mwn, a separate particle ; man, a point. 
MUN, s. Used for man (homo^, Clydes., Renfr. 
To MUNGE, v.n. To mumble, to grumble; to 
^^e tnoungirC about^ to go about in bad humour, 
Ettr. For., Roxb. ; sometimes Munch^ Roxb, 
Allied perhaps to Su.G. mums^a, incertum man- 
ducare ; as a mumbling sound might be supposed to 
resemble the feeble and munching action of the jaws, 
where teeth are wanting. Perhaps it is a fiorder re- 
lic of the Northumbrian Danes. For Dan. mund* 
hngg^es signifies to scold, to quarrel, and mundhuggen 
is expl. by Baden, lixa, jurgium, lis, contentio. C.B. 
mwn^al, however, mentioned above, not only sig- 
nifies to speak from the throat, but also to mutter, to 
q>ea]& indistinctly. 



Munger is expl. *^ to mutter to one's self^ or mur- 
mur; Shropsh." Grose. 
MUNYMENT, Muniment, s. A legal docu- 

ment or writ in support of any claim ; an old 

forensic term. 
. ..'< The rychtis, reBones, fmmymeniia, & instru- 
mentis of the sade MargreCis herd^ sene, & vnder* 
standin; The lordis auditoris decretis," &c. Act. 
Audit A. 1482, p. 102. 

'' And all sic parteis toeum within the realme, 
bringing with thame thair rychtis, bullis^ writtis, and 
mttnimentis" Acts Ja. IV. 1493, £d* 1814, p. 233. 

1j,B. munmina, privilegia, praecepta, diplomata 
principum pro ecclesiis et in earum favorem, quod 
lis eae muniantur adversus invasores bonorum ecde- 
siasticorum. Munimenium, Vocabular. utriusque ju- 
ris ; nmnimenia dicuntur probationes et instrumenta 
quae causam muniunt. Chart, ap Rymer. an. 1381 ; 
Du Cange. 

Fr. munimens, '^justifications of allegations in law;" 
To MUNE, v. a. To diminish, so as to bring 

any thin^ below the proper size, Upp. Clydes.; 

Scrimp is given as synon. ; corr. perhaps from 

C.B. man, small. 
MUNEIE, s. A small rope, with a loop or eye 

at one end, for receiving a bit of wood, called a 

knoolf at the other ; used for binding up cattle 

to the stcf'treCj or stake in a cow-house, Mearns. 

Gael, muince a collar, from pmin the neck. Muin-^ 
giall is also mentioned by Shaw, as, according to his 
belief, signifying '* the headstall of a bridlo." C.B. 
mtfngn, mungei, a collar ; mtvnwg, the neck. 
MUNKRIE, 8. A monastic foundation^ a mo- 
nastery. V. MONKRIE. 
MUNKS, 8. A halter for a horse, Fife. 

For the origin of this word V. Munkie. 
MUNN, 8. " An old person with a very Uttle 

face '^ Gall. Encycl. 

Mactaggart views it as allied to Munn, in Cuittf^ 
mun, a short-shanked spoon. But more probably it 
is corr. from Gael, muigein, a surly little fellow. 
MUNS, 8,pL The hollow behmd the jaw-bone, 

Ettr. For. 

This seems originally the same with Munds, as de- 
noting the mouth. The Goth, terms had been used 
with considerable latitude, as Isl. and Su.G. munne 
denotes an opening of any kind ; foramen, ori£cium> 
MUNSHOCK, 8. The name given to the red 

Bill-berry, or Vitis Idaea, by those who live in 

the Ochill hills. 

Gael, main a mountain, or moine a moss. Subh de- 
notes a i erry. 

MUNTER, 8. A watch or clock of some kind^ 
'* All — clocks, watches, and munters, boots and 
shooes, shal be given up by the merchant-sellers there- 
of, under — declaration to the commissioners," &c. 
Acts Cha. I. Ed. 1814, VI. 152. 

Fr. monstre, mdntre, ^^ a watch or little clock that 
strikes- not ;" Cotgr.; f^om monstr*er, mCntr^r, to 
shew, because it points out the time. 

M U R 

MUPETIGAGE, 8. A fondling compellation 

addressed to a child. East Loth. 
Fr. tnon petit gage, q. my little pledge. 
MURDIE-GRUPS, s.pL The belly-ache, a 

colic, Upp. elides. 

Either from Fr. mord-re, and O.Fr. grip^er, both 
signifying to gnaw^ to pinch ; or the first part of the 
word may be mori de, q. '' ready to die with grip* 
ing pain." 
MURDRESAR, s. 2. A large cannon.] Add; 

I find that I am mistaken in my conjecture, that 
murdresar may be a corr. of Germ. moT9er, a mortar; 
as it corresponds with Fr. meurtriere, " a murdering 
peece ;" Cotgr. Murthesers are mentioned by Groek, 
in reference to the reign of £dw. VI.^ MiHt Hist* 
i. 402, 403. 

MuRE-BURN, s. 1. The act of burning moors, 

&C.1 Add; 

'* When any thing like bad news spreads fast, we 
say, ' It goes like murebum," Gall. Encycl. 
2. Metaph. strife, contention.] Add; 

'* Muirbum, a contest, dispute ;" Gl. Picken. 
Mure-ill, s. V. Muir-ill. 
MuRisH, adf. Of or belonging to mure or heath, S. 

*' The murish soil in East Lothian is of consider^ 
able extent" Agr. Surv. E. Loth. p. 288. 
More-land, «. The higher and uncultivated part 

of a district, opposed to Dale4and^ S. 
Mure-lander, s. An inhabitant of the higher 

and uncultivated parts of a district, S. ; also 

Mure-man^ Clydes. 
MuRE-sicKNESs, 8. A Wasting disorder which 

attacks sheep, Shetl. 

*' A pining, or wasting, provincially called the 
nworsickness, affects sheep, chiefly in autumn, though 
also at all other seasons. The cure for this disease 
is taking the sheep to good fresh grass ; if on a lime- 
stone bottom, so much the better." Agr. Surv. Shetl. 
p. 66. 

MURGEON, s. 1. A murmur, &c., S.] Add 
S. MurgeonSy violent gestures or tastings of the 

body, Ettr. For. 

As Fr. morguer signifies to make a sour face, to 
make strange mouths, here there is merely a transi- 
tion from the face to the body. 
MUREIN, adf. Spoiled by keeping, applicable 

to grain, Shetl. 

Isl. morkinn murcus, tnorkna murcus fio, putresco ; 
Haldorson. Su.G. murken, id. 
MURELE, s. A term of reproach or contempt, 

Then but he ran wi' hasty breishell. 
An' laid on Hab a badger-reischell : 
'^ Gae tae ye'r wark, ye deman murkle, 
An' ly nae there in hurkle-durkle." MS. Poem, 

Teut. morkeUen grunnire ; murmarare, mussitare. 
To MURLE, V. n. To moulder.] Add; Avrs. 

— >^' That sic guid auld stoops o' our kintra lan- 
guage soud be buriet few kens wharefor ne'er a 
throuch-stane marks out whare they're murling wi' 
their mither clay." Ed. Mag. Apr. 1821, p. S52. 

Add to etymon ; Mfvrl also signifies, a crumbling 
stone, free-stone. 


M U R 

MURLOCH, s. Expl. the young piked dog- 
fish.] Add; 
I observe that my ingenious friend Mr. Neill views 

this as the Squalus Mustelus. *' S. Mustelus, Smooth 

Hound ; Murlochr List of Fishes in the Frith of 

Forthj p. 24. 

MURMELL, s. Murmuring. 
And, for to save us fra murmell, 
Schone Diligence fetch us Gude Counsell. 

Scot. Poems, Reprint, ii. 225. 

Mr. Chalmers says that this is '' for murmur, to 
suit the rhyme ;" GL Lynds. But the word is O.Fr. 
MurmeUer; murmurer, marmotter, parler indistinct- 
ment; murmurare; Roquefort. 
MURMLED, adf. A man or beast is said to be 

murmled about thejeet, when going lame, Loth.^ 

S.A. ; sometimes murbled. 

Probably from A.S. maerttja, Su.G. moer, Teut. 
menve, murtve. Germ, murb, tener, mollis, q. made 
tender. Teut monven mollire. 

It is highly probable, however, that it may be from 
the O-E. word " mormall, a sore," expl. by Fr. loup, 
Palsgr. iii. F. 49. This should perhaps be loupe, 
which Cotgr. renders ^'aflegmatickelumpe, wenne, 
bunch, or swelling of flesh under the throat, bellie, 
&C.; also a little one on the wrist, ^eef, or other Joint, 
gotten by a blow whereby a sinew being wrested 
rises, and grows hard." Skinner expl. it gangraena^ 
q. malum mortuum seu mortificans. 

To MURMURE, Murhows, r. a. 1. To ca- 

lumniate by secret reflections. 

" Gifl^ ony maner of persoune murmuns ony Juge 
temporale or spirituale, als weill lordis of the Ses- 
sioune as vtheris, and previs nocht the samin suffi- 
cientlie, he salbepvnist in semblable maner and sort 
as the said Juge or persoune quham he tnurmuris'* 
Acta Ja. V. 1540, Ed. 1814, p. 374. 
S. To complain upon. 

" The tounne is hauely [beavily] murmowrit be 
the landmen, that the wittell byaris of the merkatt 
scattis thame grytlie," &C. Aberd. Reg. V. Scatt, Vr 

Fr. murmur-er, ** to repine at, or gainesay between 
the teeth ;" Cotgr. 

MURPHY, 8. A cant term for a potatoe, sup- 
posed to have been introduced from Ireland, 
ToMURR,t;.n. Topurr,asacat.]^J(2; Selkirks. 
Though the priest alarmed the audience. 

An' drew tears frae mony een, 
Sandy heard a noise like baudrons 
Murrin' i* the bed at e'en 1 

Hogg' 8 Mountain Bard, p. 157* 
Teut murr^en, morr-€9i, grunnire, murmurare, Su.G. 
murr^a mussitare. 

MURRICE, 8. Expl. as signifying an esculent 
root, or vegetable, Shetl. 
I find that Isl. mura signifies radix argentina. Sil- 
ver-weed or Wild Tansey, Potentilla anserina. Whe^ 
ther this be meant, I cannot determine. Perhaps it 
is the same with Mirrot, a carroty q. v., in Sw. mdr^^ 
rot. The S. name of Silver*weed is Moor^grass. 
MURRLIN, 8. " A very froward chad, ever 
whining and ill-natured C Gall. EncycL 

M U S 

Apparently a dimin. from one of the verbs men- 
tioned under Murr, as signifying to murmur. 
MURROCH, s. A designation given to shell- 
fish in general, Ayrs. 
Gael, maaraeh, shellfish ; perhaps from tnuir, the sea. 
Murac denotes one species, the murex or purple-fish. 
C.B. morawg, " that belong to the sea ;" Ow^n. 
MURT, s. A lamb-skin before castration-time, 

Teviotd. V. MuRLiNG. 
To MURTHER, v. n. To murmur softly as a 

child, Upp. Clydes. 
MUSCHE, adj. 

" Ane of plane blak taffetie. Ane of blak musche 
taffetie." Inventories, A. 1578, p. 228. 

Cotgr. expl. taffetas mouscheti, '' tuftuffata, or tuf- 
ted taffata." This is most probably the sense, as 
**blak witwcAe taffetie" is distinguished from that which 
is '* plane blak." In Diet. Trev., however, we find 
mouche defined as signifying a patch of black taffeta 
worn by ladies on the face. Un petit morceau de 
taffetas noir que le Dames mettent sur leur visage 
pour omement, on pour faire paroitre leur teint plus 
blanc. It might thus signify that kind of taffeta usu- 
ally worn for patches. 
MUSCHET, part pa. Signifying, notched, or 


*' Certane pecis of muschet arming furing." In- 
ventories, A. 1578, p. 231. 

If the former be the sense, it is from the v. Mush, 
q. V. It may, however, denote armine with spots ; 
from Fr. mmschet4, part pa. of the v. mouschet-er, to 
•pot ; " to powder, or diversifie with many spots of 
sundrie, or the same,colour8,e8pecially black;" Cotgr. 
MUSCHINPRAT,*. Agreat or important deed; 

used ironically; as, ** That is a muscTwnprai^ 


It had been originally applied to an improper ac- 
tion ; Fr. mechant, bad, and prat, q. v. 
MUSE-WOB, 8. A spider^s web. V. Mooseweb. 
MUSH, s. One who goes between a lover and his 

mistress, &c.] Add; 
This word is undoubtedly from FT.Tnousche,tnouche, 
properly a fly, from Lat. tnusc-tts ; also used to de- 
note *' a spie, eave-dropper, informer, promooter ;" 
Cotgr. Hence the v. mousch-er, " to spy, pry, sneake 
into comers, thrust his nose into every thing;" ibid. 

Mouche, se dit figurement d'un Espion, de celui 
qui suit un autre pas k pas. Exphrator, Entre les 
Sergens il y en a un qui fait la mouche, qui suit tons 
les pas de celui qui veulent prendre, et qui marque 
sa pist au coin de tons les rues oA il passe ; c'est 
dela qu'on a dit, une fine mouche; pour dire, un 
homme, qui a de la finesse, de I'habilit^, pour attraper 
les autres. II y avoit a Ath^nes une courtisane qui 
s'appeUoit Mouche ; et en se jouant sur son nom, on 
lui reprochoit qu'elle piquoit, et qu'elle suf oit ces 
amans jusqu' au sang. — Est aussi un jeu d'Ecoliers, 
ou Tun d'eux, choisi au sort, fait la mouche, sur qui 
tous les autres frappent, comme s'ils la vouloient 
chasser. Diet Trev. 

The good fathers seem disposed to deduce the 
term, as figuratively used, from the Athenian cour- 
tezan. But the source of this derivation seems rather 
to have a strong resemblance of the legendary tales 


M U S 

of the monastery. A fly, being still in motion, and 
buzzing firom place to place, the term, denoting it, 
seems to be properly enough transferred to a spy, 
because of the unremitted activity required in one 
who sustains this despicable character. 

Hisp. mosca, corresponding with Fr. mousche, is 
the designation given to one of those spies used with- 
in the Inquisition, who endeavour to gain the confi* 
dence, and to discover the secrets, of the prisoners, 
that they may betray them to their persecutors. Tia* 
vels of St. Leon, iii. 222. 
MUSH,^. Muttering; Niri/A^Ati^Ana mutf A, n^ 

ther a whisper nor the sound of muttering, Ang. 

This seems evidently allied to Isl. musk-ra mus- 
sito, musk^ur mussitatio, G.Andr. ; muskr, id. Lex. 
To MUSH, V, a. To cut out with a stamp, to 

nick or notch, to make into flounces. It is 

commonly applied to grave^lothes, S. 
His clotnes were lul mush'd. 
And his body lay streek'd. Old Song, 

Fr.mouschet'^er, ''to pinke,or cut with small cuts,'' 
Cotgr. ; also, mouche, curtailed ; id. V. Muschet. 
Mush, s. A nick or notdi, that especially which 

is made by sdssars, ibid. 

MUSHINFOW, adj. Cruel, W. Loth.; perhaps 

q. mischanUfow. 
MUSHOCH (gutt.), s. «« A heap of grain, 

thrashed out and laid aside in a corner for seed;^ 

Gall. Encycl. 

Shall we view this as a derivative from Musk, a 
confused heap ; or as allied to Gael, mosach rough, 
bristly, mosan, rough trash, such as chafi^, &c. ? 
MusHocH-BAPES, s. pL Ropes for surrounding 

grain. Gall. 

'' This grain is confined into as small a bulk as 
possible, by surrounding it with mushoch'rapes,Xhi(^ 
ropes twisted on purpose." Ibid. 
MUSICKER, s. A musician, S.O. 

— " The shout got up that the musickers were 
coming." The Entail, ii. 244. 
MUSK,*. A pulp? 

" Boil all these very well, till the grain is reduced 
to a musk ; and keep the kettle or caldron covered." 
Maxwell's Sel. Trans, p. 146. 
MUSK, s. A confused heap, Galloway. 

" Musk — a vast of mattera tossed together, such 
as straw, grain, hay, chaflT, &c," Gall. Encycl. 

Perhaps from Fr. musse, '* a privy hoord, — an odd 
nook to lay a thing out of the way in ;" Cotgr. 
Isl. mosk, however, comes very near the sense given 
in the definition : Acus, quisquiliae, palea ; item, 
pulvis ; Haldorson. 

MUSK, #. It would appear that this term was 

formerly used in S. asdenoting moss, and synon, 

with modern ^^, 

*' Muscus, musk or fog of walls or trees ;" Despaut 
Gram. D. 4, b. 

Evidently from the Lat word, or Ital. mosc^o, id. 

MussLE-BRosE, s. ^* Brosc made from muscles. 
These shell-fish are boiled in their awn sap, 
and this juice, when warm, is mingled with oat. 
meal.^ Gall. Encycl, 

M U T 


To Must, Moitst, r. <k To powder, S» 
Ye good-for-naething souter hash^ 
Tho' musted is your carrot pash. 
Tell me^ I say, thou Captain Flash,-— 
What right ye ha'e to wear this sash ? 

Mayn^t Siller Gun, p. 66, 

*^ Sae I ge'd my wa' hame, tnusted my head, and 
made ready a clean oerly, my purlt handit sark, a 
staff an' a blew bonnet." H. Blyd's Contract, p. 4. 

'^ Can ye say wha' the carle was wi' the black coat 
and the mousted head wha was wi' the Laird of Cairn- 
rreckan?" Waverley, ii. 197. 

'' Hout awa', ye auld gowk,— would ye creesh his 
bonny brown hair wi' your nasty ulyie, and then 
tnoust it like the auld minister's wig?" Antiquary, 
i. 229. 
To MUSTER, V. n. To talk with exceeding 

volubility, Clydes. 
Muster, s. Excessive loquacity, ibid. 
MnsTERER, s. An incessant talker, ibid. 

Perhaps allied to Flandr. tnuyster'^n perscrutari, 
inquirere ; loquacity being frequently the adjunct of 
great curiosity. 

MUTCH, fi. 1. A cap or coif, &c.] Add; 
2. It seems also to have been occasionally used to 

denote a nightcap for a man. 

'' He had on his nead a white pearled mutch ; he 
had no coat, but a pair of black breeks, white socks, 
and a pair of mools on his feet Thus is he and John 
Logic brought to the scaffold." Spalding, iL 218. 
MuTCH-CAP, s. A night-cap, Roxb. 
NiGHT-MUTCH, s. A night-cap for a female, S. 

'* Mutchei called night mutches, of linning plane, 
the dozen, l.s." Rates, A. I6II. 

The same article affords a proof of the length to 
which luxury in dress had been carried, in our coun- 
try, in this early period. For it follows : 

the peece — — vi. L" " iVi^A^ mutches embwudered 
with gould and silver, the peece — xii. 1." 

Thus itappears that some ladies had been willing to 
pay twelve pounds Scots of mere duty for a nightcap. 
MuTCHKiN-sTOUP, 8. The vessel used for mea- 
suring a mtUchkiny or English pint, S. 
That mulchkefi'^tcup it hads but dribs. 
Then let's get in the tappit hen. 

Herd's CoU. ii. 227. 
MUTE, Moot, s. A whiqper, Fife. V. Mute, 

v., to articulate, &c. Aali to etymon ; 
Teut. mui/t'-en, susurrare. 
MUTH, adf. Warm, dieerful, &c. V. Muith. 

MUTHER, 8. A term denoting a great num- 
ber ; as, ** a muther o' beasts,** a great drove of 
cattle; *' a miUher 6" folk,^ &c. ; sometimes mur^ 
thevy Fife ; myter^ Perths. 
Teut. ndjte strues, meta. GraeL mothar, a tuft of 
trees. Or shall we trace it to Teut modder, still sig^ 
nifying puddle^ modder-en to draw up the mud ; or 
from Sax. molder, a sort of dry measure, as expressive 
of quantity ? 

MUTING, s. Apparently, assembly, meeting. 
AU thair dansis and play 
Thay movit in their mad muting. 

Colkelbie Sow, F. i. v. 386. 
A.S. mut conventus. V. Mute, s. 
MUTTER, s. The same with Multure^ S. 

'' Mutter, the miller's fee for his melders ; if the 
melder be six bolls, the mutter is about the fortieth 
part ;" Gall. Encycl. 

MUTTIE, s. The name given to the vessel, 
used in a mill, for measuring meal. Loth. Its 
contents amount to half a stone weight. 
It seems allied to Su.G. matt a measure ; Alem. 
muitu, id. Fr. muid, a measure of wine. 
MUTT YOCff D, MoTT yoch'd, part. adf\ Mat- 
ted, Galloway. 

'' When sheaves of com grow together, after be- 
ing cut in moist weather, we say that they are mut* 
tyoch'd, or matted together ;" Gall. Encycl. 

I can scarcely think that this is from £. mat. It 
has very much of a Celtic apperance ; and may be 
either from Gael, maothuigh'^m to moisten, as refer- 
ring to the cause ; or from meadaigh^am to grow, as 
regarding the effect. Muttaiche, Ir. mutaidhe, how* 
ever, signify mouldiness, which may have been the 
original idea connected with the term. C.B. mwythach 
denotes the state of being puffed up; from mwyth-^w, 
to mollify, to soften, evidently allied to GaeL maath* 
MUTTLE, *. A small knife, ShetL 

Perhaps q. murlle, from Isl. mora, cultellus, also 

MUTTON, s. A sheep ; Fr. mouton, a wedd«r. 
— '^ Sic derth is rasit in the countrie, that ane mut- 
ton buck is deirar and far surmountis the price of 
ane boll of quheit" Acts Ja. VI. 1592. V.Buck. 
To MUZZLE, V. a. To mask. 

'^ They danced along the kirk«yard, Geillie Dun« 
can playing on a trump, and John Fian, muzzled, 
led the ring." Newes from ScotL 1591* Law's 
Memor. Pref. xxxvii. V. Mussal, v. 


S" appears, in the Goth, dialects, as often holding 
merely the place of a servile or redundant letter, in 
many instances it has been inserted in words making 


a transition from ohe language to another, althotigh 
unknown in the original language; or in the same lan- 
guage in the lapse of ages. Thus Teut. bUnck-en cor* 

N A C 

N A I 

ruscare, appears also as hlick-en, id. Some have traced 
Germ, hlinck-en, to winck, to the v,, as signifying 
to shine: and ind^ed^ the idea is not unnatural^ as 
the brightness of the light of the sun often so affects 
the organ of vision^ as to cause winking. But Ihre, 
with more verisimilitude, deduces Su.G. hlink-a nic- 
tare, from blig-a, intentis oculis adspicere. " For/' 
he says, '* what does he who winks, but frequently 
shut and again open his eyes for a more distinct view 
of objects ?" 

To NAAG, V. a. To tease. V. Nagg. 

To NAB, V. 41. To peck, Dumfr. ; perhaps from 

nebf the beak ; as Serenius defines Peck^ v., 

Hacka med naebhen. 
NAB, s. A smart stroke, Ettr. For., Gall. 

'' Ane o' them gave me a nab on the crown that 
dovered me." Perils of Man, iii. 416. 

" Nab, a blow on the head ;" Gall. Encycl. V. 
Knap, ^. id. 
NA C A DEED I, a phrase used in Orkn., as 

equivalent to " I will not.*" 
Perhaps by a transposition, q. '^No indeed, quoth I." 
NABBLE, ». " A narrow-minded, greedy, la- 
borious person ;*" Gall. Encycl. 

This, I suppose, is from the Heb. name Nabal, 
which, from the character given of the man in scrip- 
ture, is a designation pretty generally conferred on a 
covetous person, S. Hence also, 
Nabalish, adj. Covetous, griping, S. 

NACKET, s. 1. A small cake or loaf, Roxb. 
2. A luncheon, ibid. ; a piece of bread eaten at 

noon ; the same with Ifockit^ Galloway. 
A hurly burly now began. 

An' cudgels loud were thumpin— 
The gazing crowd together ran 
O'er cranes o'. nackeU jumpin. 

Davidson's Seasons, p^ 78. V. Knockit. 

^' Poor Triptolerous — ^seldom saw half so good a 
dinner as his guest's luncheon. — She could not but 
say tfiat the young gentleman's nacket looked very 
^ood." The Purate, i. 254-5. 

Denominated, perhaps, firom its being made up as 
a small parcel, to be carried by one in travelling. 
d. A small cake or loaf baked for children, Roxb. 
NACKETIE, adf. Particularly expert at any 

piece of nice work, Roxb. ; synon. Nick^ 

NACKIE, s. " A loaf of bread C Gl. Picken., 

Ayrs. V. Nacket. 
NACKS, Kkacks, Nauks, s,pl A disease to 

which fowls are subject, in consequence of hav- 
ing taken too hot food, as warm porridge, &c. 

Roxb., Loth. It causes severe wheezing and 

breathlessi^ess, resembling the croupin children. 

The same account is given of its symptoms as of 
those of the pip in E. ; as " a horny pellicle," re- 
sembling a seed, '* grows on the tip of the tongue." 
The vulgar cure in Loth, is to smear the nostrils 
with butter and snuff. 
Naukie, adf. Asthmatical, short-winded; as, 

^^ He wheezes like a naukie hen ;^ ibid. 

Teut knoke, callus, tuber; or Isl. gna^-a stridere, 
gnak stridor, from the noise caused by this disease. 

Vol. IL 145 

as the £. name pip is deduced from Lat. pip-ire, and 
Fr. pepie id. from pep-ier, to peep. 
NADKIN, s, 1. The taint which meat acquires 
from being too long kept ; Natkin^ id., Roxb. 
2. Any close, or strong and disagreeable odour ; 
as, " Jockos brought in a7ia/iin wi'him,^ ibid. 
Loth., Clydes. 
S. It is applied to a taste of the same kind, ibid. 
As it may have originally denoted a damp smell, 
it may be allied to Teut nat moist, naMey J moistness. 
Perhaps Knaggim is originally the same. 
NAEGAIT, adv. In no wise, S. 
NAELINS, adv. Used interrogatively, Aberd. 
NAFFING, *• Frivolous chat or prattle, S. 

V. Nyaff. 
To NAG, V. a. To strike smartly, Lanarks. 

Perhaps merely a corr. of E. knack, q. to strike so 
as to make a sharp noise. I scarcely think that it is 
formed from A.S. gnaeg-an, Su.G. gnag-^, &c. sig-* 
nifying to gnaw. 

To' NAG, V. n. To gibe, to taunt ; to attack 
in a taunting way, to tease with unkind reflec- 
tions ; as, ^ He's aye nagffin at ane ;'' Loth. 
Naagy id., Shetl. 

This at first view might seem originally the same 
with the V. Knack, to taunt, q. v. But we must cer- 
tainly trace it to Dan. nagg-er, '' to torment, to vex, 
to fVet, to mortify," Sec Wolff. This use seems bor- 
rowed from the idea of gnawing. This is the primary 
sense given of the v. by Baden ; Rodo, corrodo. The 
sense of the term in ShetL affords a presumption that 
it is from the latter origin. Perhaps we might add, IsL 
^oggy ^ili8 ^ taediosa contentio. Haldorson gives 
nagg^a as not only signifying conterere, affricare, but 
litigare ,* aDd expl. tiagg — vilis et tsediosa contentio. 
NAGGIE, 8. A cup, Lanarks. This is evi- 
dently a corr. of £. Ttoggin. 
NAGS, a. pi. A particular game at marbles or 
taw, in which the loser is struck a certain num- 
ber of times on the knuckles by the other play- 
ers, with their bowls, Aberd. 
Probably from Teut knack-en, confringere. 
Nao, s. A stroke at the play of Nags^ Aberd. 
NAY, adv. Tyrwh. remarks that this ** seems to 
be used sometimes as & noun. It is ho nay ; It 
cannot be denied.^ 

Heir is ryaltie, said Rauf, aneuch for the nanis. 
With all nobilnes anoumit, and that is na nay. 

Rauf C&ilyear, C. iij. b. 
This world is not so strong ; it is no nay. 
As it hath ben in olde times yore. 

Chaucer, Clerkes Tale, v. 9015, 
NAIG, s. 1. A ridins horse, S.] Jdd; 

The ladies came out with two gray plaids, and gat 
two work naigs, which bore them into Aberdeen." 
Spalding, ii. 183. 

To Naig awa\ v.n. To move like a horse, or naff^ 
that has a long, quick, and steady pace, Fife. 
The most probable origin of naig or nag, as de- 
noting a horse, is Isl. hnegg'ia, A.S.hnaeg'an to neigh, 
Su.G. gnegg-a, id. 

NAIL, s. A particular pain in the forehead, S. 
Teut. naeghel in (f ooghe, pterygium, uliguis. 


N A K 


NAIL. AffcA theNaXL.^ Add: 

% It frequently signifies mad, wrong-headed, S.B. 

S. The phrase is also used in another form ; Aff 

or off the nail. It occurs as denoting inebriety. 

'' When I went up again intil the bed-room, I was 
what you would adl a thought aff the nail, by the 
which my sleep wasna just what it should have been." 
The Steam-Boat, p. SOO. 

NAILS, paring of. 

Dr. Shaw, when giving an account of the super- 
stitious customs, retained in the province of Moray, 
which he considers as handed down from the Druids, 
gives the following account : 

'' In hectick and consumptive disease, they pare the 
nails of the patient, put these parings into a rag cut 
from his clothes, then wave their hand with the rag 
thrice round his head, crying Deas^SoU, after which 
they bury the rag in some unknown place. I have 
seen this done : and Pliny, in his Natural History, 
mentions it as practised by the Magians or Druids 
of his time." Hist, of Moray, p. 248. V. Plin. L. 
xxviii. c. 2. 7- 

NAIN, adj. Own» S. ; in Angus, q. ngjaxtm; as. 
" his nyaim,'' his own. 
Aft, whan I sang o' Peggy's jet-black een. 
Or play'd the charms o' my nain bonny Jean, 
In joyfu' raptures, ilka pleasant chiel 
Admir'd the tune, and said I play'd it weeL 

Picken's Poems 1788, p. ip. 
" But your address is no tint, I teuk it hame wi' 
me when I sent awa' my nam." Donaldsoniad, Thorn's 
Works, p. 370. 

Bockin red bleed the fleep, mair cawm. 
Ran hame to his nain mammy. 
Christmas Biding, Skinne/s Misc. Poet. p. 125. 
This has originated, like Tane and Tolher, entirely 
from the accidental connection of letters. Mine ain, 
my own, (A.S. mtn agenj / and thine ain, thy own, 
(A.S. thin agenJ being pronounced as if one word ; 
or the n, as if belonging to the latter part of the word; 
the same mode of pronunciation has been occasion- 
ally adopted where it did not intervene. V. Nawn. 

NAIPRIE, s. Table linen, S.] Add to etymon ; 
It has, however, been formerly in use. For ralsgr. 
expl. naprie " store of linen," giving Fr. Unge as sy- 
non. B. iii. F. 49> b. 
NAYSAY, s. A refusal.] Add ; 

Her laugh will lead you to the place 

Where lies the happiness you want ; 
And plainly tells you to your face. 
Nineteen naysays are half a grant. 

Ramsaifs Poems, ii. 207* 
This is borrowed from the old S. Prov.— -'' Nine- 
teen nay says of a maiden is but half agrant,' spoken 
to encourage those who have had a denial from their 
mistress to attack them again." Kelly, p. 269* 
Naysayeb, s. One who denies or refuses, S. 

" A sturdy beggar should have a stout naysayer." 
S. Prov. Kelly, p. 21. 
NAIT, s. Need. 
-—I had mekill mair nait sum friendschip to find. 

Rauf CoHyear, Aij, b. 
Moes.G. nauth, Isl. naud, necessitas. 
NAITHERANS,aw;. Neither. V.Nethebaks. 


NAKIT, pret. Stripped, deprived.] Add; 

*' He Cfdlit the pepill to ane counsall, and naldt him 
-— of al omamentis perteiningto the dignite consular .** 
Bellend. T. Liv. p, 117- 

9,. Destitute of, ^oArt^ q/'cottn^oS, devoid of coun- 
sel ; Bellend. Cron. p. 27. Repr. 
NALE, s. Given as an old word signifying an 

ale-house, Roxb. 

This, I suspect, is a cant term used as an abbre-i 
viation, q. an ale, for ** an alehouse." I observe no 
similar word. 
To NAM, V. a. To seize quickly, and with some 

degree of violence, Roxb. 

It sometimes includes the idea of the disappoint- 
ment the person meets with, of whom the advantage 
is taken ; as, " Aha ! I've nam'd ye there, my lad." 

This V. in its form most nearly resembles Su.G. 
nam^a, id. V. Nome and Nummvn. 
NAMELY, adj. Famous, celebrated ; a term 

used by Highlanders, when they condescend to 

speak Saxon. 

*' Nay, for that matter,' said Moome, ' Sky was 
always namely for witches." Clan Albin, i. 206. 
NAMMONIE, s. A little while, Orkn. 

It has been supposed that this may be corr. from 
mamentie, used in die same sense, Perths., q. *' a little 
moment." But the idea is inadmissible. Isl. namunda 
signifies, circa id tempus ; also, ad manus ; from mund, 
denoting both an indefinite time, and the hand, with 
na, a particle indicating proximity. Mund is also 
rendered momentum ; so that na mund might mean 
" about a moment." 
NANCY, s. The name substituted for Agnes, 

S.; although some view it as belonging to Anne.. 

Nannie andNanzeare undoubtedly (or Agnes^ S. 
N ANC Y-PRETTY, s. London Pride, a flower; 

corr. from None so pretty. 
NAP, s. 1. A little round wooden dish made of 

staves, Dumfr. 
2. A milk vat, ibid. Boyn^ synon. 

The Nap is of the same form with the Goan, but lar- 
ger. '^ Napps, small vessels made of wood, for hold* 
ing milk ; little tubs termed boynes in some places of 
Scotland, and coags in other (^s] ;" Gall. Encycl. The 
hqyn, however, generally denotes a larger vessel. 

This is undoubtedly the same with Teut. nap cya^ 
thus, scyphus, pater, poculum, Kilian. Germ, napff. 
Hence die old Teut. designation for a toper, napm 
houder, q. a nap'holder, pocillator. This term has, 
indeed, been generally diffused. For A.S. nappe and 
knaep, signify cyathus, '' a cup, a pot, a dish, a plat- 
ter," Somner. In this language it was expressly used 
in the sense retained in our times ; And gates meolcu^ 
thri nappes fulle; £t tres cyathos lactis caprini plenos.. 
MS. ap Somn. Hnaep is used in the same sense. 
Gloss. Pez. naph crater, napho craterarum. Naph id. 
Willeram. Alem. fiaph, Isl. nap, Su.G. napp, Ital^ 
nappo. Armor, anqf, O.Fr. hanap, id. Verelius ren« 
ders the Isl. term poculum argenteum ; for nap and 
silfumap seem to have been used as synonymous* 
This word is viewed by some as formed from Isl. 
hnyp^a, poculum usque ad fundum ebibere, to empty 
one's cup to the bottom. Others prefer Su.G. no^ 
which denotes what is concave. Here we have gbxi^ 


ously the origin of £• nappy applied to ale^ as denot- 
ing its inebriatiDg quality^ thongh Dr. Johns, views 
it as alluding to the nap of clotii, q. frothy. 
Najpie, 8. " A wooden dish,'' Ayrs., Gl. Picken. 

NAP, 8, A cant term for ale, or a stronger kind 
of beer, Aberd. 

Nor did we drink o' gilpin water ; 
But reemin nap^ wi' houp weel heartit. 

Tarras's PoemSj p. 24. V. Nappy. 
NAP, Nyap, 8. A bite, a morsel taken hastily, 
a snatch, Dumfr. 

Nap and Stoo is communicated as a Dimifriesshire 
phrase, equivalent to '^ a bite and cutting entirely." 
It seems to signify complete consumption of any 
viands. Nap is the same with Gnap, S.B.> q. v. 

♦ Napkin, 8. " A handkerchief. Obsolete. This 
sense is retained in Scotland i" Johns. 

It may be observed that it is used in two senses, 
pocket'Uapkin, also a neck'tiapkin or cravat, S. 

Johnson deduces the term from nap, as signifying 
'' down, villous substance." This, indeed, seems the 
origin ; from A.S. knoppa, " villus, the nap of the 
cloth. Belgis, noppe ;" Sumner. Su.G. nopp, id. The 
termination hin seems to denote that this is napery, 
or cloth of a small size. V. Kin, term. 
N APPER o' NAPS, 8. A sheep-stealer, Roxb. ; 

flven as old. 
his is a cant phrase inserted by Grose in his Class. 
Diet. Napper is expl. by itself " a cheat or thief;" 
and to nap, '* to cheat at dice." It may, however, be 
an ancient term ; as Teut. knapp-en signifies to lay 
hold of; prehendere, apprehendere, Kilian. 
:NAPPY,^. Ale,S.O. 

An' whyles twapennie worth o' nappt^ 
Can mak the bodies unco happy. 

Bums^s Works, iii. 6. 
This is merely an elliptical use of the £. adj., q. 
** nappy drink." 

* NAPPY, adf. Tipsy, elevated with drink, S. 

The auld wives sat and they chew'd. 

And when that the carles grew nappy. 
They danc'd as weel as they dow'd, 

Wi' a crack o' their thumbs and a kappie. 

Paiie's Wedding, Her^s Coll ii. 191. 
The E. word has been expl. by some writers, *' ine- 
\jriating." But this sense seems unknown. Serenius, 
vo. Nappy, refers to Isl. hnyf-a exhaurire. This is 
expl. by Verelius, Poculum usque ab fundum ebibere. 
Haldorson renders it, cornu evacuare. 

N APPIE, adj. Expl. « Brittle.^'] Add to etymon ; 
It indeed properly signifies that which breaks with 
a knack. 

NAPPIE, adj. Strong, vigorous; " B.nappie 
callan,^ a strong boy, Ayrs. 
Isl. knapp^r, arctus ; knappir kostir, res arctae. 
NAPPLE, 8. " A sweet wild root,'' Gl. Gallo- 
way ; apparently Orobus tuberosus, or heath- 
pease, S.B. hnc^pparU. 
—The pied napple rankly grows. 
An' winnlestraes excel the grov'ling fog. 

Davidson'8 Seasons, p. 441 . 
This is what Mactaggart calls Napple^root, ^' the 
black knotty root of an herb, diligently digged for 
and greedily chewed by boys ; its taste being rather 
pleasant" V. Knapparts. 



NAPPIT, paH. adf. Crabbed, ill-humoured, 

Aberd. ; Cappit, synon. 

Teut knapp^en, crepitare ; or knap, alacer, agilis. 
NAPSIE, 8. " A little fat animal, such as a 

sheep;" Gall. Encyl. 
^ Allied perhaps to nap, E. a knop, as denotmg what 
is protuberant. 

NAR, prep. Near, S., Yorks. V. Ner. 
NAR, Poems, 16th Century, p, 292, given in 61. 

as not understood, means nigher^ being merely 

the comparative in its A.S. lorm, near, propin- 

quior, from neah, propinquus. 

Quhen all wes done, we had not bene the nar. 
Nar-sidb, 8i The left side, as opposed to jiff'- 

side^ the right side of any object, Meams ; be- 
ing the side nearest to him who mounts on 

horseback, drives a team, &c. 
To NASH, V. n. To prate, to talk impudently, S. ; 

most probably from Teut. hruMcnen^ frendere 

stridere. Hence the phrase, ** a nashvfC body,' 

a little pert chattering creature. 
Nash-gab, 8, Insolent talk, Roxb. 

** There's the Philistines, as ye ca' them, are gaun 
to whirry awa' Mr. Harry, and a' wi' your nask-gab." 
Tales of my Landlord, li. 194, In other counties, 
it is Snask'gab. 
NASK, 8. A withe for binding cattle, Caithn. 

'^ The tenants residing near a lake paid a given 
number of trout annually, and if there was any wood 
or shrubbery on the farms, they paid so many nasks 
(binders made of birch twigs), to secure the laird's 
cattle in the byre." Agr. Surv. Caithn. p. 41. 
To NATCH, V. a. To notch, Abertf. 
Natch, 8, A notch, ibid. 

It is probably in this sense that the term is used, 
as denoting the notch or incision made by a taylor 
in cutting cloth. 

Losh man ! hae mercy wi' your natch. 

Burn^s Epistle to a Taylor. 
To NATE, V. a. To need, Clydes. V. Note, v. 
NATHELESS, adv. Notwithstanding, never- 

theless, S. 

*— " But if you liked a barley scone and a drink of 
bland — natheless it is ill travelling on a full stomach." 
The Pirate, i. 254. 

A.S. no the laes, id. nihilominus. 
NATHER, com-. Neither. 

— " Gif natherriis Hienes, nor Advocat, be wamit 
to the said service, the samin, with the retour, sa« 
sine, and all that followis thairupon, maybe reducit" 
Balfour's Pract. p. 425. 

A.S. nather, nanther, id. from ne the negative 
particle, and other uterque. V. Athir. 
NATIE, adj. Tenacious, niggardly, Shetl. ; sy- 
non. with Nittie and Neette^ q. v. 
NATYR-WOO, 8. 1. Fine wool, Mearns. 
2. Wool that has been pulled off a sheep^s skinfrom 

the root, and not shorn, ibid. ; q. Nature-wool. 
NATIVE, 8. The place of one's nativity, Perths. 
NATEIN, 8. A disagreeable taste or smell. 

V. Nadkin. 
NATRIE,NYATRiE,ad/. IlUtempered, crabbed, 
irascible, Aberd., Meams ; pron. q. Nyattrie. 
This may be merely a provincial variety of Atry, 


Attrie, stem^ grim. Or, as this seems to be formed 
from Su.G. etter venenum^ natrie may be allied to 
A.S. naedre, naeddre serpens^ Isl. nadra vipera. See^ 
however. Natter, v. 
To NATTER, v. n. To chatter, conveying the 

idea of peevishness, ill humour, or discontent. 

ment, Roxb. ; Nyoiter^ Dumfr., Gall. 

*^ NycUterin — ^to keep chattering when others are 
speaking/' Gall. Encyl. It is expl. " chiding, 
grumbling continually/' Dumfr. 
Natteein, part, adj. Chattering in a fretful 

way, ibid. 

Teut. knoter^en, garrire, minutizare, murmurare. 
In modern Belg. the sibilation is prefixed ; tnater^en, 
" to chatter, to talk impudently ;" Scwel. The Teut. 
word appears to be formed from Isl. gnaud^a lamen- 
tari, misere queri,g7tatt(^, querela miserorum; gnudd-a 
murmurare, g;ttt(i£/ murmur, frequens rogatio; Su.G. 
knot-a, submurmurare. V. Nvatter. 
To NATTLE, v. a. 1. To nibble ; to chew with 

difficulty, as old people do with the stumps /)f 

their teeth, Roxb. 
2. To nij) ; as, " To natHe a rose/' to nip it in 

pieces, ibid. 

Isl. knill-a exactly corresponds : Vellioo, paululum 
pungo, vel petito ; G. An<hr. Hal dor son overlooks 
this verb ; but mentions knot-a vellicare. 

NATURAILL, adj. Used in a sense directly 

the reverse of that of the term in £. ; signifying 

lawful, as opposed to illegitimate. 

*' That ane richt excellent prince Johne duke of 
Albany, &c. tutour to the kingis grace, & gouemour 
of this realme, anarlie naturaiU & lauchfull sone of 
vmquhile Alex"^ duke of Albany, &c., and of ane 
nobill lady dame Agnes of Bouloigne, is the secund 
persoune of this realme, & anelie air to his said vm- 
quhile fader. And that — ^Alexander Stewart, com- 
mendatour of IncheehefTray, bastardsone of the saidis 
vmquhile Alexander and Katherene [^Sinclar the Erie 
of Cathnes dochtirl is Sc vndoutable suld be reput 
borne bastard, and vnlegittimate be ony mariage/' 
Acts Ja. V. 1516, Ed. 1814, p. 283. It is repeated 
ibid. p. 388. 

" He is naturale sone of vmquhill George Fresser> 
lawchtf\illie gottin in the band of matrimone," &c. 
Aberd. Reg. A. 1443, V. 18. 

" He is lauchfull nalurall sone," &c. '* gottin 
lauchfullie in the band of matrimonie," &c. Ibid. 
V. 24, p. 419. 

'' Dochter naiuraU 6c lauchtfull," &c. Ibid. V. 26. 
♦ NATURAL, adi* Kind, genial ; used in re- 
gard to the weather, S.B. 
NATURALITIE, *. Natural affection, that af- 

fection connected with propinquity of blood, S. 
NATURALITIE, j. Naturalization ; Fr. 9ia- 


" The maist cristin king of France hes grantit an^ 
lettre of naturalUie for him and his successouris, to 
all and sindrie Scottismen being in the realme of 
France, or salhappin to be in the samyn in ony 
tymes to cum, makand thame hable to brouke landis, 
heretageis, offices, digniteis, and benefices/' &c. Acts 
Mary 1558, Ed. 1814, p. 507- 
NATURE, adi. 1. Fertile in spontaneously 

producing rich, succulent herbage ; as, ncUurc 


N A V 

grund, land that produces rich grass abun- 
dantly, without having been sown with any 

seeds, S.O. 
9. Rich, nourishing : applied to grass ; as, nature 

gerse, nature hay^ that is, ricn grass and hay^ 

produced by the ground spontaneously, S.O., 


** When they see a field carpeted with rich grasses^ 
or those that grow luxuriant, they say that field 
produces na/ttr^ grasses." Agr. Surv. Ayrs. p. 291. 
Naturekess, s, 1. Fertility in spontaneously 

producing rich herbage, S.O. 
2. Richness, exuberance : applied to grass pro- 
duced spontaneously, S.O. 

These words are pronounced naitur and nailurness. 
NAUCHLE, s, A dwarf; synon. Cruie^ Upp^ 


The n has the liquid sound as if y followed it, 

Isl. knocJce, metaphorice pusillus, pusio, G.Andr. 
NAVIE. Rid navie. 

" Magnus Rid, knyght of the ordour of the garter 
•—was called he the Scottismen Magnus with the rid 
navie," Pitscottie's Cron. p. 76. 

In the Addenda, in regard to the reading of more 
recent manuscripts, it is said; ''Magnus Reid is called 
Magnus Red-man, 'named with the Scots mans 
[[Mans, the abbreviation of Magnus,]] with the red 
maine.' The reading 1. 12. should probably be rid 
neive." P. 619. 

The conjecture is very natural, Tieive denoting the 
fist But if this was the original term, it must have 
proceeded from a mistake, similar to that particulaiw 
ized by Godscroft. 

" He was remarkable by his long and red beard> 
and was therefore called by the English Magnus Red^ 
beard, and by the Scots, in derision, Magnus miik the 
red Maine, as though his beard had beene an horse 
maine, because of the length and thicknesse thereof. 
The manuscript calleth him MagfiustvUh the red hand, 
taking the word (Maine) for the French word which 
signifieth an hand : but the attentive reader may per- 
ceive the error, and how it was a word merely Scot* 
tish ^English, he should have said]]^ and used by the 
Scots in derision." Hist. Dougl. p. 178. 
NAVYIS, adv. No wise; the same with JVow 

wayes^ Naxviss. 

'-^" That all his hienes subjectis sail communicate 
anis everie yeir, and sail navyis pretend ony excuiss 
of deidlie feid, rancour, ormalicetoappeirtowardis 
thair nychtbouris— to abstene or to debar himself fra 
participatioun of the said sacrament," &c. Acts Ja. 
VI. 15&8, Ed. 1814, p. 173. 
NAUM, s. A heavy blow with a bludgeon, 

Ettr. For. 
NAUR, prep. Near ; the pron. of some districts 

in S. 

Sir John Cope took the nortii right far>. 
Yet ne'er a rebel he came ira«rj 
Until he landed at Dunbar, 
Right early in a morning. 

Jacobite Relics, ii. 111. V. Ner. 
NAVUS-, Nawus-, or Nawvus-boee, s. A hole 

in wood, occasioned by the expulsion of a knot^ 




The superstitious believe that, by looking at a 
dead-candle through such a hole, one will see the per- 
son's face whose death the candle portends. 
For fear the poor dumb brutes sud smore^ 
He staps wi' strae ilk navus-bare, 
An' ilka crevice darns. 

W. Beanie's Tales, p. 30, 
This is evidently the same word which has been 
given under the form of Aurvis-bore. 

Isl. fwfar and Dan. naver signify terebra, an augre 
or wimble. 

This, however, there is reason to believe, is not the 
true orthography. A very intelligent friend in Aber- 
deenshire> whom I have consulted on this subject, 
says ; " I find that Aviis-, or Aurvus-bore, is the origi- 
nal and proper word. W. Beattie must have mistaken 
a navuS'hore, for an avus-bore. The word is variously 
pronounced by different people, aivus, aiwus, avus, fl- 
fpus, yawus," 

NAWAYES, oJiT. Nowise. 

*^ The samin lykwayes nawayes previt that heid 
nor article of the said summondis." Acts Ja. VI. 
1597, Ed. 1814, p. 128. 

— " That the earle of Annandaill his taking place 
befor him in this present parliament sould nawayes 
preiudge him of his richt," &c. Acts Cha- I. Ed. 

1814, vol. V. L39. 

NAWN, Nyawn, adj. Own. His nyawn^ his 
own, what properly belongs to him ; Angus. 
The proper S. term is awin, awn, to which « has 
been prefixed from the sound which it assumes when 
connected with the possessive adj. denoting the first 
person ; mine awin. V. Nain. 
NAZE, s. A promontory, a headland, S.B. ; 
the same with Nes^ Ness. 

*' Naze, ness, and mull, are also used to signify re- 
markable parts of land stretching out into the sea." 
E wing's Geogr. Ed. 1st, p. 24, 
NEAPHLE, s. A trifle, a thing of no value, 

Fr. nipes, trifles ; Su.G. nipp, a trifle* 
NEAR, adj. Niggardly, S,B. 
NEAR-BEHADDIN, part. ad;. Niggardly, 

Roxb. ; Near-be-ffaun, synon. 
NEAR-HAND, a^. Near, nigh, S. 
Neab-hand, advn Nearly, almost, S. V. Neb- 
NEAR HIMSELL, a phrase applied to a man 
who is very niggardly or tenacious of his pro- 
perty, S. 

'* I'm no a roan that's near myseV /— walth— I 
wad like to use in moderation." Saxon and Gael, 
iii. 59. 

NEAR-SIGHTED, adj. Short-sighted, S. 
NEB, s. 1. The nose.] Add; 
-—Howe in a *tato fur 

There may Willie lie, 
Wi' his neb boonermost. 
An' his doup downermost, &c. 

Jacobite Relics, i. 25. 
'Twas on a cauld November e'en, — 
The snell frost- win' made nebs an' een 

To rin right sair. T. Scott's Poems, p. S2S* 


Add, as sense 
S. Applied to the snout. " You breed of Kilplke's 

swme, your neb'^s never out [of] an ill turn.*" 

S. Prov. p. 862. 

The following passage conveys the same idea. 

" So ae morning siccan a fright as I got ! twa un-« 
lucky red-coats were up for black-fishing or some sic- 
can ploy, for the neb o' them's never out of mischief." 
Waverley, iii. 238. 

5. To gie a thing a neb, to make it pungent, S.B. 
Neb and featheb, used as an adv. Completely, 

from top to toe ; as, " She's dinkit out neb and 

featJierr Teviotd. 
Neb at the grunstane. To Jceep one's neb at the 

grunstanCyU) keep one under, orat hard work, S. 
Neb o' the mibe-snipe. " To come to the neb 

6* the mire-snipe ;'' to come to the last push ; 


" There was nae time to lose — it was come fairly 
to the neb o' the miresnipe wi' me." Brownie of Bods- 
beck, i. S9» 

Neb o' the morning, ** that part of the day be- 
tween daylight and sun-rising ;"" Gall. Encycl. 

This phraseology seems borrowed from the sharp- 
ness of the beak of a bird, as it follows; " There are 
few who do not love to keep the bed until the neb 
gangs off the morning. It is when the neb is on the 
morning that the hoar-frost is produced." Ibid. 
To Neb, v. n. To bill, to caress as doves do. 

Loth. ; from neby the beak or bill. 

Near to him let his grace of Gordon stand. 
For these two drakes may 7ieb, go hand in hand. 

Jacobite Relics, i. 241. 
Nebbit, part. adj. 1 . Having a beak or nose, S. 

This term is frequently used in composition, as in 
Lang-nebbit, Narrow^nebbit, Quhaup^nebbit, q. v. 
2. Having a hooked head. Thus Nebbed stciff 

would seem to be synon. with Kebbie and Nibble. 
My daddy left me gear enough, 
A couter, and an auld beam-plough, 
A nebbed staff, &c. 
Willie WinUe's Testament, Herd's Coll. ii. 145. 
Neb-cap, s. The iron used for fencing the point 

of a shoe, Ettr. For. V. Cap-neb. 
NEBSIE, s. An impudent old woman, Roxb. 

Perhaps from Neb the nose, as in advanced life the 
nose often becomes a marked feature, and its approxi- 
mation to the chin has sometimes exposed the owner 
to the imputation of sorcery. 


'* Item ane pair of the like slevis of the skynnis of 
neces with the bord of the same." Inventories, A. 
1561, p. 128. V, Netes. 

Fr. niais, a nestling ; niez, a species of hawk. 

NECESSAR, adf. Necessary, S.A. Fr. neces- 
y- saire. " The gry t adois necessary Aberd. Reg. 
To NECK, OR NICK, zgnih nay. V. Nykis. 
NECK-BREAK, s. Ruin, destruction. 

" Folks poring over much on the tentation is their 
neck-break and their snare ; the man thought ay on 
these things-^till he wracked his conscience by 
them." W. Guthrie's Serm. p. 14. 

The term is inverted in £^ 



J must 

Forsake the court ; to do't or no, is certain 
To me a break^neck. 

Skakspeare's Winter's Tale. 
NECK-VERSE, *. A cant term, &c.] Add; 

This phrase has been common in Henry VIII/s 
time. Hence Tyndale says of the Roman clergy : 
" But hate thy neyghboure as moche as thou wylt,— 
yea robbe hym^ morther hym> and then come to them 
and welcome. They haue a sanctuary for the^ to saue 
the^ yea and a necke uerse, if thou canst rede but a 
' Jytle latenly thoughe it be neuer so soryly, so that 
tihou be redy to receyue the beastes marke." Obe- 
dyence of a Crysten man^ F. 69, a. 
NEDEUM, s. *« A gnawing pain,'' Gall. 
Puir Girzey wi' her upset chin, 
A nedeum gnaws her ay within. 

Gail, Encycl p. 362, SQS. 
To Nedeum, u. n. To thrill with pain, ibid. 

" When a com is biting a toe grievously, that toe 
is said to be nedetiming ;" ibid. 

C.B. C7iiv-iatv to afflict; cniv, trouble, pain ; cniv^ 
gad, molesting ; cnouad, gnawing. 
NEED-BE, ». Necessity, expediency ; applied 
to an afflictive dispensation of Providence, and 
apparently borrowed from 1 Pet. i. 6. S. 
" He afterwards saw a remarkable providence in 
it, and ?ieed'be for it." Walker's Peden, p. 69. 
NEEDLE-E'E, s. Through the Needk^^e, a 
play among children, in which, a circle being 
formed, each takes one of his neighbours by the 
hands, the arms being extended ; and he, who 
takes the lead, passes under the arms of every 
second person, backwards and forwards, the rest 
following in the same order, while they repeat 
a certain rhyme, S. 

'^ Another game played by a number of children, 

with a hold of one another, or tickle^tails, as it is tech- 

' nically called in Scotland, is Through the needh't^e. 

The immemorial rhyme for this alluring exercise is 

this : — 

Brother Jack, if ye were mipe^ 
I would give you claret wine ; 
Claret wine's gude and fine — 
Through the needle^^e boys !'* 

Blackrv, Mag. Aug. 1821, p. 36. 
It is the same game that in £. is called Thread^' 

It is played in a different manner in Teviotdale. 
Two stand together, facing each other, having their 
hands clenched, and lifted above their breatJt, so as 
to form an arch. Under this perhaps twenty or thirty 
children pass, holding each other by their clothes* 
When all have passed save one, the arms of the two, 
like a portcullis, fall down and detain this individual 
as prisoner. He^ or she, is asked in a whisper, 
*' Will ye be Tod or Fem-bws:' If Tod is the an- 
swer^ the person takes one side, and must wait till 
all are caught one by one. This being done, the Tods 
draw one away^ and the Ferns another, the two can- 
didates till keeping hold of each other's hands; and 
he, who can draw the other and his party to the op- 
posite side of the street, and separate their hands, 
gains the victory. 


This, like many of the sports of diildreu, has an 
evident reference to a state of warfare. 

NEED-MADE-UP, adj. and s. Applied to 
any thing hastily prepared, as immediately ne- 
cessary, Aberd. 
NEEMIT, NiMMET, s. Dinner ; in Loth, nee* 
mit, in Teviotd. nimmet. 

This must be a corr. of A.S. non-mete, *' refectio, 
vel prandium, a meale or bever at that time. How- 
beit of latter times noone is midday, and non-mete, 
dinner ;" Somner. This corresponds with the Sw, 
name for dinner, middag, i. e. mid-day or noon ; 
Teut. noen-mael, noen-mael-tyd, prandium. In Nor- 
folk noonings denotes *^ workmen's dinner ;" Grose. 

NEEP, Neip, 8. The old, though now vulgar, 
name for a turnip, S. 
" Pulling of thair nepts.'* Aberd. Reg. A. 1 538,V. 1 6. 
But he maun hame but stocking or shoe^ 
To mump his neeps, his sybows, and leeks. 

Jacobite Relics, i. 97- 
" Raphanus, a radish. Rapum, a neip." Wed-^ 
derburn's Vocab. p. 1 8. 

It is evidently from A.S. naep, id. rapa ; perhaps 
remotely from the synon. Lat. word nap-us, whence 
Fr. naveau, O.E. navew. 

Isl. nepnareit, septum raparum, a place inclosed with 
rapes ; reit signifying a hedged inclosure. 
Neep-hack, s. a pronged mattock for taking 
turnips from the ground during severe frost, 
Aug., Mearns. 
NE'ER-BE-LICKET, a vulgar phraseology 
equivalent to— nothing whatsoever, not a whit, S» 
" 1 was at the search that our gudsire, Monkbams 
that then was, made wi' auld Rab TuU's assistance ; 
but ne'er-be-Ucket could they find that was to their 
purpose." Antiquary, i. 200. 

NEER-DO-GOOD, Neee-do-gude, *. Synon. 

with Neer^do-weel, S. 

" D'ye hear what the weel-favoured [[weel-faur'd] 
young gentleman says, ye drunken n^er^do-good V* 
Waverley, ii. 124. 

*^ Back came the same reckless nf^er-do-gnde to 
night, i* the very midst o* the thunder and fire,-^to 
make a like attempt on our laird's roost of fat ca« 
pons.'* Blackw. Mag. May 1820, p. \6S. 
Ne^er-do-weel, a^. Past mending, S. 

** Eh ! see if there isna our auld wter-do'-weel dee- 
vil's buckie o' a mither— 'Hegh, sirs ! but we are a 
hopefu' family, to be twa o' us in the Guard at ance." 
Heart M. Loth. ii. 151. 

'' Some of the n^er^do-weel clerks of the town were 
seen gafiawing^— with Jeanie," &c. Provost, p. 279* 
NEESE, s. « The nose," S.O., Gl. Picken. 

A.S. Dan. naese, Su.G. naesa, id. 
To NEESE, V. n. To sneeze.] Add; 

^' Stemuto, to neiae. Sternutatio, ndzing." Wed- 
derb. Vocab. p. 19. In a later £d., perhaps in ac-^ 
commodation to the £., this is changed to sndze and 

NeesinG) s. Sneezing, S. V. the v. 
NEET, s. A parsimonious person, a niggard, 


This has been supposed to be merely a figurative 

N E I 

N E I 

use of £. nit, from its dose adherence to the hair^ as 
fitly transferred to one who keeps SLjirm hold of pro- 
perty. But this etymon is very doubtful. 
Neetib, adi. Avaricious, S. V. Nittie, where 

this adj. is traced to a different source. 
NEFF, s. The nave of a church. 

" The embalmed body is yet to be seen, whole and 
intire, in a vault built by his grandchild King James 
VI., in the south-east comer of the neff'o£that stately 
church which stands to this day." Keith's Hist p. 22. 

Fr. nefdu temple, id. For the different opinions 
as to the origin of this term^ V. Nqf, Ihre. 
NEFF, 8. A hand. 
''Mantiolae,ne/^,or hands." Wedderb. Vocab.p. 14. 

It seems to be ui|ed for some kind of covering for 
the hands, aa mittens; being conjoined with Maniea 
the sleeve, Sudarium a napkin, &c., under the ar« 
tide, De Vestibus. V. Nkive, Neip. 
ToNEFFOW,u.a. l,To take in handfuls,Loth. 
2. To handle any animal ; as, ^^ Sandie, callant, 

lay down the kitlin ; ye baggit, ye'U neffoxiPd a** 

away, that will ye,'' Roxb. ; also pron. Nievfu, 

Niffu. V. Neive and Nevel. 
To NEYCH, &c. V. a. To approach.] Add; 

" I nyghe, I drawe nere to a thing." Palsgr. B. ill. 
F. 306, b. 

NEID-FYRE, Nekdfibe, *. 1. The fire pro- 
duced by the friction of two pieces of wood, S.] 

Addj after definition; 

The following extract contains so distinct and in- 
teresting an account of this very ancient superstition, 
as used in Caithness, that my readers, I am per- 
suaded, would scarcely forgive me did I attempt to 
abridge it. 

'' In those days, Q788]] when the stock of any 
considerable farmer was seized with the murrain, he 
wcmld send for one of the charm-doctors to superin* 
tend the raising of a tieedfire. It was done by frio* 
tion, thus; upon any^ small island, where the stream 
of a river or bum ran on each side, a circular booth 
was erected, of stone and turf, as it could be had, in 
which a semidrcular or highland couple of birch, or 
other hard wood, was set; and, in short, a roof closed 
on it. A straight pole was set up in the centre of 
this building, the upper end fixed by a wooden pin 
to the top of the couple, and the lower end in an ob- 
long trink in the earth or floor ; and lastly, another 
pole was set across horizontally, having both ends 
tapered, one end of which was supported in a hole 
in the side of the perpendicular pole, and the other 
end in a similar hole in the couple leg. The hori« 
zontal stick was called the auger, having four short 
arms or levers fixed in its centre, to work it by; the 
building having been thus finished, as many men as 
could be collected in the vicinity, (being divested of 
nil kinds of metal in their dothes, &c.}, would set to 
work with the said auger, two after two, constantly 
turning it round by the arms or levers, and others 
occasionally driving wedges of wood or stone be- 
hind the lower end of the upright pole, so aa to 
press it the more on the end of the auger : by this 
constant friction and pressure, the ends of the au-« 
ger would take fire, from which a fire would be in-% 
stantlj kindled^ and thus the need/ire would be aC" 


complished. The fire in the farmer's house, &c. was 
immediately quenched with water, a fire kindled 
from this neecfjfire, both in the farm-house and offices, 
and the cattle brought to feel the smoke of this new 
and sacred fire, which preserved them from the mur- 
rain. So much for superstition. — It is handed down 
by tradition, that the andent Druids superintended 
a similar ceremony of raising a sacred fire, annually, 
on the first day of May. That day is still, both in 
the Gaelic and Irish dialects, called Ld-beaUtin, i. e. 
the day of Baal's fire, or the fire dedicated to Baal, 
or the Sun." Agr. Surv. Caithn. p. 200, 201. 

" It is very probable," says Borlase, " that the 
Tin^egin or forc'd fire, not long since used in the 
Isles as an antidote against the plague or murrain in 
cattle, is the remainder of a Druid custom." Antiq. 
of Cornwall, p. ISO. He then quotes Martin, who 
gives the following account of it. 

" The inhabitants here did also make use of a fire 
called Tin^Egin, i. e. a forced fire, or fire of necessi- 
ty, which they used as an antidote against the plague, 
or murrain in cattle ; and it was perform'd thus : all 
the fires in the parish were extinguish'd, and then 
eighty-one marry'd men, being thought the neces- 
sary number for effecting this design, took two great 
planks of wood, and nine of 'em were employ'd by 
turns, who by their repeated efforts rubb'd one of the 
planks against the other until the heat thereof pro- 
duc'd fire ; and from this forc'd fire each family is 
supply'd with new fire, which is no sooner kindled 
than a pot full of water is quickly set on it, and after- 
wards sprinkled upon the people infected with the 
plague, or upon the cattle that have the murrain. 
And this they all say they find successful by experi- 
ence : it was practis'd on the main land, opposite to 
the south of Skie, within these thirty years." Descr. 
Western Islands, p. 115. 

As the Romans believed that the extinction of the 
perpetual fire of Vesta, whether this proceeded from 
carelessness or any other cause, was a c^tain prognos- 
tic of some great public calamity, it was not deemed 
lawful to rekindle it in any way but by Neidjire. 
The ceremony was performed in the same manner as 
that described above. The Vestal Virgins kept boring 
at a wooden table, till it catched fire. V. Fest vo. 
Ignis. Simplicius, an andent philosopher, gives an 
account of the process in language perfectly analo- 
gous to that used in the definition of our term. Ig- 
nem d lignis excutiunt, alterum lignorum, tanquam 
terebram, in altero circumvertentes. In Aristot. de 
Coelo, iii. We learn from Plutarch, that among the 
Greeks, if the sacred fire was extinguished, it might 
not be rekmdled from any ordinary &[e, but by 
means of vessels made of tiles in which they col- 
lected the rays of the sun, as in a focus. V. Pitisc. 
Lex. vo. Ignis, p. 307. Macrobius informs us, that, 
although this sacred fire had not gone out, it was 
annually extinguished, and rekindled on the first day 
of March, which was with the Romans the first day 
of the year. For the use of Neid-Jtre, or forced Jire 
as a charm for curing cattle, V. Black-spaul. 
To NEIDNAIL, v. a. 1. To fasten, &c.l Add; 

This term is used figuratively by Niniane Winyet. 

" Ye yourself, brother, of your magnificence and 
liberal hand; hcis oppinit the yettis of hevin to the 

N E I 

N E I 

foythful Fatheris, afore our Salviour, be his dethe, 
resurrectioun, and glorious ascensioun, had preparit 
thairto this way to man ; and utheris your scoleris, 
ye knaw, mair cruelie hes in thare imaginatioun 
cloisit up, slotit, and neidnalil the samin yettis of our 
heretage (albeit now alradyoppinit to the just) quhill 
the latter day of all." Fourscoir Thre Questionis^ 
Keith's Hist. App. p. 255. 
NEIF, 8, Difficulty, Aberd. 

Wow^ sirs ! whan I first fill'd the tack 

Of Mains of Mennie, 
The farmers had nae neif to mak 
An orrow penny. 

JV. Beanie's Tales, p. 10. V. Neef. 
To NEIFFAR, v. a. To exchange. V. under 

NEIGHBOUR-LIKE, adj. 1. Resembling 
those around us, in manners, in appearance, or 
in moral conduct, S. 
2. Often implying the idea of assimilation in cri- 
minality, S. 

— " If ye gie me an order for my fees upon that 
nioney — I dare say Glossin will make it forthcom- 
ing— I ken something about an escape from Elian- 
gowan — aye, aye, he'll be glad to carry me through, 
and be neighbour-like" Guv IMannering, iii. 85. 

An old crabbed fellow, who had been attending a 
meeting of creditors, when going home, was over- 
heard by a friend pouring out curses by himself, 
without any restraint, on some unknown culprit. 
'' Who is this," said the other, " who has so deeply 
injured you now ?" " Nobody," replied he, *' has 
injured me. But I am just thinking of the greatest 
rascal in the universe." " Who can this be ?" rejoined 
his friend. " It is that scoundrel Neighbour-like," 
said he, " who has ruined more than all other rascals 
put together." 
NEIP, tf. A turnip. V. Nekp. 

NEIPERTY, s. Partnership, Aberd. 
NEYPSIE, adj. Prim, precise in manners, 

Upp. Clydes. 

The term may have been first applied to affectation 
in language; Teut. knipp-en, resecare, tondere, as we 
still speak of clipping the King's English, as our an- 
cestors did of " knapping Southron," i. e. imitating 
the E. mode of pronunciation. Or it may be allied 
to Teut. knijp-en, arctare, to pinch, q. doing every 
thing in a constrained way. 
NEIRS, Neres, The kidneys, S.l Jdd; 

" Laborat nephritide, he hath the gravel in the 
neirs," Wedderb. Vocab. p. 19. 

'' O.E. Nere. Ren." Prompt Parv. 
NEIS, s. The nose. V. Nes.1 Add ; 

— " Hir Majestie gat sume reieif, quhilk lestit 
quhill Furisday at Ten houris at evin, at quhilk tyme 
hir Majestie swounit agane, and failyiet in hir sicht, 
hir feit and hir nets was cauld, quhilkis war handlit 
be extreme rubbing, drawing, and utheris cureis, be 
the space of four houris, that na creature culd indure 
gry ter paine." Lett B. of Ross to Abp. of Glasgow, 
Keith's Hist App. p. 134. 

NEITHERS,NETHERiNs,adr. Neither, Reftfr. 
Their auld forefathers, 
W^ha war nae blocks at dressin' neithers, 


Wad ran as lang as they had sight 
To seen their sons in sic a plight 

Picken's Poems 1788, p. 61. 
NEIVE, Neif, s. 1. The fist] Add to etymon ; 
It is used, however, by Shakspeare, who probably 
knew it to be a North country word. In some edi« 
tions it is written neqfe, in oUiers neif. 

Give me thy neiife. Monsieur Mustardseed. 

Midsummer N. Dream. 
Sweet knight, I kiss thy neif. K. Henry IV. 
Neivefu^ Neffow, s. 1. a handful.] Add; 
2. A small quantity of any dry substance com- 
posed of various parts ; as, ^* a neffow 6* woo,** 
1. e. wool, Clydes. 
8. Any person or thing very small and puny, ibid. 
Before the extract from Bums, insert ; 

4. Used metaphorically, and contemptuously, to 
denote what is comparatively little, or. of no 
value. Add^ as sense 

5. Applied to a death Vhold of what is viewed as 
worthy of grasping. 

O wae be to the hand whilk drew na the glaive. 
And cowed nae the rose frae the cap o' the brave ; 
To hae thri'en 'mang the Southron as Scotsmen 

aye thrave. 
Or ta'en a bloody nnevefu' o' fame to the grave. 
Lament L. Maxwell, Jacobite Relics, ii. 234. 
To Neiffar, Niffer, v. a. 1. To exchange, S. 
— " Confessis — that he staw [[stole] ane gray staig 
of twa year old from James Weir at Carlok ; — and 
that he niffer it that staig with ane John Buchannan," 
&C. Acts Cha. I. Ed. 1814, V. 447. V. Neivb. 
2. To higgle. South of S. 

" Weel, RatclifiTe, I'll no stand niffering wi' ye ; ye 
ken the way that favour's gotten in my office ; ye 
maun be usefuV Heart M. Loth. ii. 85. 

This is dn oblique sense of the v. a., as people oiten 
higgle in bartering. 

NEIVIE-NICKNACK,*. "Afire-sidegame; a 
person puts a little trifle, such as a button, into 
one hand, shuts it close, the other hand is also 
shut; then they are whirled round and round one 
another, — ^before the one who intends to guess 
what hand the prize is in ;'* Gall. Encycl. 
While the fists are whirled, the following lines are 
repeated, according to the Gallovidian form ; 
Neiveie, Neiveie, nick, nack, 
What ane will ye take ? 
The right or the wrang ; 
Guess or it be lang. 
Plot awa and plan ; 
I'll cheat ye gif I can. 
Elsewhere the second line generally is; 

Whilk hand will ye tak f 
" He is a queer auld cull. — He gave me half a 
crown yince, and forbade me to play it awa* at pitch 
and toss.' 'Andyoudisobeyedhira, of course.^' *Na 
— I played it awa' at neevie-neevie-nick-nack." St» 
Ronan, iii. 102. 

" It would, perhaps, be in vain now to expect- 
that a gambler at cards or dice should stop the ruin 
of his own or of another's fortune, by playing at mvy- 
nick-nack or pitch and toss," &<J. BlaCkw. Mag. Aug. 
1821, p. 37. 

N 1 E 

' It 18 a kind of kfllei^; and seems id have been of 
French origin. Rabelais mentions A la nicnoque as 
one of the games played by Gargantoa. This is ren- 
dered by Urquhart, ^ivtntviiiacit. Transl.p.94. The 
first part of the word seems to be from Neive, the 
fist being employed in the game. Shall we view nick 
as allied to the £. v. signifying ''to touch luckily?" 
To NELL, V. w. To NeU and TdUcj to talk 

loudly, loquaciously, and frivolously, Clydes. 

Now dnd Talky synon. Hence, *' a ndlin talk.'^ 

Probably firom E. kndlj A.S. cnvlUan to ring. 
Perhaps the word appears in its prunary sense in 
Isl. knall-a, fuste tudere, to beat with a rope. 
NELL,. Nelly, #• Abbrev. of Helen, S. 
NEPIS, pL Tumipa. V. Neep. 
NEPS, s. The abbrev. of Eltpeih or Elizabeth. 
NEPUOY, Nepot, Sec. 1. A grandson.] Add; 

'' The King beand deceist, his eldest sone, or his 
eldest nepo^e,—- sail succeid to the crown. The nepoie 
gottin be the King^s sone sail be preferrit to the ne» 
pole gottin on the lang's dochter." Auld Lawisj Bal« 
four's Pract. p. 682. 

It is evident that this sense, in relation to agrand** 
son, was given to the term, not only by ordinary 
writers, and individual lawyers, bat legally admitted 
in the supreme courts of the nation. 

'' Anent the summondis maid be Johne Carlile 
apoun Gawin of Johnestotme, nevo & are [lieir][ of 
vmquhile Gavin of Johnestoune, to here lettres de« 
cemit to distrenye him, his landis & gndis for the 
soume of an hundreth merkis recouerit of before 
apoun his said granUchir, Bath the saidis pardis 
bieand personaly present, the said Gawin denyit that 
he ^es are to his said graiUsckir," ftc. Act Dom. 
Cone. A. 1494, p. 566. 

^ There being then no rmn$ to the houses, at every 
place, espedally where the nep9u»gtd>lei were towards 
the streets, the rain came gushing in a spout" The 
Provost, p. 201. 

Perhaps q. ibufp^AauM, 8tt«G. knappy knaepp, veiw 
tex, aummitas, and km domus ; k^rhmapp, vertex 
templi vel summa turzls. & Timpon synon* 
Nebbt, Nxae bt, prep* Near ta Nerhy Glae* 

gam, near to that city, S. 

It is also used as an 4Mfo. sfgniiVing nearly, al« 
most ; as, I was nerhy dead, I was almost lifeless, S. 

The Germans invert the synonyme, heif^nahe. 
Nee by, Neae by, adv. Neany, S. 

" Saeaff Iset,andWaspwi'me,foryewadreaUy 
hae thought he kent where I was gaun, puir beast, 
«->-and here I am after a trot o' sixty mile or near 
bye.** Guy Mannering, iii. 107« 
Nee-bludit, adf. Nearly related, q. near in bloody 

Neeh Axn, Neaer AKB, prep. Near.'] Add ; 

'' Hamilton, Lanerk his brother, the lord Gordon 
his sister's son, and the earl of Argyle^— went quietly 
frae court, and rode toaplace of Hamilton's mother's 
called Kinneil, where for awhile they remained to* 
gether, nearhand Linlithgow, me went to Hamil- 
ton, and therefrae to Gliugow m sober manner, as 
they thought fit" Spalding, i. 826, 827* 

It also occurs in O.E. '* He was so sore taken with 
Vol, II. 153 


her loue that he went nerehaudc madda for faer aske,*^ 
Palsgr. B. liL F. 14b7« a. 

" He played so long ty 11 he hade nerehande brokyn 
the glaise." Ibid. F. 454. 
NES, Ness, s. A promontory, S.] Add ; 

— «'' Before the last bell was rung, certane scholars 
came in pertly to the kirk, and took up thir haiU 
service books, and carried them down to the Ness 
with a coal of fire, there to have burnt them alto- 
gether ; but there fell out such a sudden shower, 
that before they could win to the Ness the coal was 
drowned out" Spalding, i. 64. 

Ness is used in the same sense in £. as a termina* 
tion ; but not by itself. 
NESSCOCK,*. A small boil; NesscocJcle,StnLih^ 


'^ Furimculus, a nesscock." Wedderb.Vocab. p. 20. 

This seems merely a corruption o£Arsecockle, q. Vv; 
formed perhaps by ihe separation of the letter n n*om 
an or ane, the article, when prefixed to the word. 
NETES, *.j?t 

** Item, ane pair of the like slevis of jennetis with 
the bord of the same. Item, ane pair of the like 
slevis of the skynnis of neies with the bord of the 
same." Inventories, A. 1561, p. 128. V. Neces. 

This is undoubtedly the same that is elsewhere 
denominated peudenete, pudinete, i. e. ^* the skin of 
the neie" But I despair of ever covering myself 
with the fur of this ammal ; as it seems to bea non« 
NJBTHER, e. An adder. This in some coun* 

ties is the invariable pron., a nether. 

I had almost rejected tins, under the idea of its 
being produced by the connexion of the n in the ar- 
ticle with the following word ; as S.B. a manan for 
an woman, &c. But I find that dtis is one of the 
0.£. forms. " Neddyr or eddyr. Serpens." Prompt 
Parv. This corresponds with AJS. naedire, nedier, 
neddre, serpens, anguis, See. a serpent, an adder ; 
Somner. Neidr is the C.B. teim, written by Lhuyd 
neUkr; Com. naddyr; Ir., GaeL tHUkair; L.B. nader^a 
id. Mr. Todd has inserted the term Nedder in the 
£. Dictionary, on the authority of diaueer, 
NETHER, adv. Nearer, Ettr. For. 
NETHEBANS,Naitkkrak6,Naithsrs, can;. 

Neither, West of S. 

'' I was for thinking at first it was— the houlets 
an' the wuleaU trjrin' wha wad mak the loudest 
scraigh; yet it was na like them ne^AerafM I thought 
again." Saint Patrick, L l67. 

** Naiiherans, Naithers, neitiier, e. g. I dinna like 
it noMerane, I do not like it neither." GL Picken. 
NETHER END, the breech, S. 

Meanwhile twa herds upo' the siimy brae 

Forgathering, straught down on tammocks clap 

Their netker ends, and talk their unco's o'er. 

Davidson's Seasons, p. 5. 
NETHMIST, Nethmost, or^'. Undermost, 

Aberd, Ettr. For.; the same with Nedmisi,q.\. 
NETTERIE, adf. Ill-tempered, Tweedd. 

Perhaps from A.S. naeddre, Teut naier, an adder, 
a serpent 
NETTY, 8. . A woman who traverses the coun** 

try in search of wool, Ettr. For. 


N E U 

NETTY, o^*. Mere,Aberd. 

The ne'er « bodle mair 111 spend 

On ale or liquor ; 
Except it be for netiy drouth, 
I tak a drap to wet my mouth. 

W. Beanie's Tales, p. T6. 
NETTLE-BROTH, s. Broth made of nettles, 
as a substitute for greens, especially when ga- 
thered young in spring, S. 
NETTLE-EARNEST, s. In nettle-eamest, no 
longer disposed to bear jesting, but growing 
testy, SelkirksL 

'' It's a queer place this,' quo he ; * ane canna 
speak a word but it's taen in netlle-eamest" Brownie 
of Bodsbeck, ii. 1 0. Perhaps q. stinging like a nettle, 
NETTLIE, ad}. Ill-humoured, peevish, S,A. 

Isl. imtiileg'T is rendered acer, as equivalent to 
Dan. sttild, sharp, our snelL But I suppose that the 
adj. is formed from the name of the weed, as refer- 
ring to its stinging quality. 
NEUCK-TIME, s. The designation given, in 
W. Loth., to the twilight ; immediately in re- 
ference to its being the season for pastime or 
gossiping among the working people. 
Isl. knauk, labor taediosus, opus servile ; knauk-a, 
cemuus laborare. Perhaps merely q. a nook, angle, 
or small portion of time* 
To NEVELL, v. a. 1, To strike or beat, &c. 

Y. under Neive.] Add; 
8. Td knead well; to leave the marks of th^ 
knuckles on bread, Ayrs. 
Thick never t scones, beer-meal, or peasey— ^ 
* I'd rather hae— 

Than a' their fine blaw-flums o' teas. 
That grow abroad. 

Pieken's Poem 1 788, p. 68. 
4. To pommel, to beat with any kind of inatru- 
ment ; used imprope]4y, Ayrs. 
" When we came to the spot; it was just a yird 
toad, and the laddie weans neveUed it to death with 
stones, before I could persuade them to give over." 
Annals of the Parish p. 104. 

NEVIL-STONE, s. The key-stone of an arch. 

" I admire the roofe of it [[the Pantheon], being 
so large and so flat without any pillar to support it ; 
and altho' it be a vault, it hath no nevil'Stone to bind 
it in the middle, but in place thereof a round hole 
so wide that it lights the whole roome abundantly, 
nor is there any other window in the fiibrick." Sir 
A. Balfour's Letters, p. 137- 

Qu. if q. naveUst&ne, as "being the central part ? 

NEUK, 8. Corner, S.; same with nook, E. V. Oo. 

Far nook, the extremity of any thing, S. ; q. the 
utmost comer. 

'' He will have us trained up in the exercise of 
believing and waiting ; but I trow, instead of wait- 
ing, many a one of us be come to thenar nook of our 
patience." Mich. Bruce's Lectures, &c. p. 48. 
In the neuJc, in child-bed, Galloway. 

" He was sent to Wigton for a bottle of wine, and 
another of brandy, to comfort a few gossips who were 
attending his first wife, then tn/i!^n«tiiBr." CaledMerc. 
Mar. 3. 1823. 



NEUKATYKE, s. 1. A desination given to 
a collie, or shepherd's dog, that is rou^ er 

sl^aggy* Fife. 
8. Applied to a ih^ who masters another easily in 

a struggle or broil ; He shook him like a neuka^ 

tyke, 1. e. .as easily as a powerful coRie does a 

small dog, ibid. , , 

To ca' a dog after sheep, or any other animal, is to 
bound him on them. The most natural idea there* 
fore is; that the phrase had originally been a nen ca'd 
tyke, i. e. a dog that is quite fresh and vigorous, aa 
being only newly hounded out, one that is not ex« 
hausted by running. 
NEULL'D, Nirt.t'i), 04^. Having very short 

horns, or rather ipcre stumps of horns, Roxb.; 

Nittled, synon. 

Teut knovel, knevd, nodus. 
NEVOY, *• A nephew, S. V. Nepitoy. 
To NEW, V. a. To renovate.] Add; 

Mr, Todd has inserted this as an O.E. word, used 
by Gower and Chaucer. It occurs in Prompt Parv. 
*' Newyn or innuwyn* Innouo. — Newen or maken 
To NEW, ^^. a. To curb ; to master, to humble, 

to maul, Aberd. ; pron. Nt/ow. V. Ne w*d, which 

is the parL of this Z!. 
♦ NEW, adp. Of New, newly, anew. 

'' It was reformed againe qfnefB, better nor it wea 
befoir." Pitscottie's Cron. p. 57» O.C id., Chaucer, 
Ther can no man in humblesse him acquite 
As woman can, ne can be half so trewe 
As woxpien ben, but it be falle ofnewe* 

Clerke's Tale, v. 8814. 

Obviously a Lat idiom ; de novo, id. 

NEW CHEESE, a sort of pudding made by sinu 

naering the milk of a new-calfed gow, Aberd. 
NEWT), part. pa. Oppressed^ kept at und^. J 

As I have not met with this word any where else^ 
it may be proper to give another example* 

Your sell, as well as 1, 
Has had bad hap, our fbrtun's been but thry.. 
Anes on a day, I thought na to hae been 
Sae sadly new'd, or^sick mischances seen. 

Ross's HeUnore, First Edit. p. 43. 
In Edit. Third, hew'di undoubtedly to be viewed 
as an erratum. Add to etymon ; ' 

Haldorson gives the Isl. v. in various forms; as it 
is well known that g, h, and k, are almost indiscri- 
ininately used as the initial letter in many Gothie 
words ; and that they are.-all occasionally thrown out 
before n. Gny^a, gnyd, gnuddi, fricare ; also, subi* 

fere; vi exponere. Kny^a, cogere, urgere; whence 
nyer, viri bellaces. Nu^a conterere, part. pa. nuit, 
the same with Gny^a and Kny-a, I need scarcely 
say that nem'd nearly resembles null. He gives Dan. 
gnid-e, to rub, to grate, and noed'e, to force, to con« 
strain, as synonymous. 


Among the many supeacstitions connected with this 
day, the following is one which still keeps its place 
in Ayrs. 

— ^' Sh« was reiQov^ from mine to Abraluuaa'a. 

K Y C 

N Y .C 

ln>8oiii on ChristniBS'day, and buried on Ho^^anae; 
for it was thought vBcanny to have a dead corpse in 
the house oh the netv^year's-^iay. Annals Piff. p. 50. 
NEWINOIS, NbwinoB) s. pi 1. News, a fresh 

account of any thing. 

— '' Quhair ye say, yoor cunumng in this cuntrie 
was— simplie to propone vnto the people Jesus Christ 
crucified, to be the <»ly Sauiour of the warld, praise 
be ^ God, that was na nemngU in this <:untrie, or 
ye war borne." Q. Kennedy, Bessoning with J. 
Knox, iii, b. * 

" Quhair ye ar fflaid to knaw, quhat ye suld am- 
pung, apperanlie uat sould be na nennngU to yow/' 
&c. Ibid. D. ii, a. 
2. Novelties, wba( one is not familiar with. 

*' Strokes wero not newing^ to him ; and neither 
are they to you." Ruth. Lett P. iii. ap. 27. 
N£WOUS, o^ Newfangled, fond or full of 

what is new,- Clydes. 
Newousi^ie, adv. In a newfangled way, ibid* 
Newousmbss, 9, Newfangledness, ibid. 

C.B. netvyz, new ; newyz^ianf, to make new ; neit^fz^, 
to innovate. 

To NE WSE, v.n. To talk over the n«w, Aberd. 
Newsie, ac^. Fond of hearing or rehearsing news, 

NlBAWAE, adf. Diminutive and meagre, 

Aberd. ; q. resembling what is picked by the 

nib or beak of a fowl. 
NIBBIE, 9. A Mick or walking-staff with a 

liooked head, used by shepherds, like the an- 

<Hent <:rook. *^ Gin I get had o^ my nibbie, Vwe 

reeslei yer rignn for ye;'* Teviota. 

Gt66te is mentioned as synon. This, I suppose, 
is only a variety of KMne, id. Nibhie seems to sig- 
nify a staff with a ftt6, neb, or beak. 
NIBBIT, s. ** Two pieces of oatmeal bread, 

spread over with butter, and laid face to face,^ 

Braw buttered tubbiu ne^er Wad fiul 
To grace a cog o' champit kail. 
Sent down wi' jaws o' nappy ale. 

^Piekef^g Poems 1788, p. 6S. 

This may b^ q. nteve'bU, a piece of bread for the 
hand ; or knave^bU, the portion given to a servatat, 
as the uppermost slice of a loaf is Called the lown's^ 
NICE-GABBIT, ifdf. Difficult to please as to 

food, Fife. V^ Gab. 
NYCHBOUR, Nychtboub, s. A neighbour.] 

9. An inhabitant ; or perhaps rather, a feliow-d« 

tizen. Thus the phrase, *' the nychibouHs of 

this towne,^ is used for the inhabitants, &c« 

Aberd. Reg. Cent. 16. 
To Nychtvoub, v. n. To co-operate in an ami. 

caUe manner, with those living in the vicinity, 

in the labours of ^husbandry. 

'' To marrow & nychibour with wtheris, as thai 
wald ansur to the king & tone [[town^ thahrupoun.** 
Aberd. Reg. A. 1538, V. 16. 
Nychtbourheid, Nychtboubsc&ip, 9. That aid 

whidi those who lived adjacent to each other, 


were l^ally bound to give one another in the 

labours of husbandry ; synon. Ma/rrow9chip. 

** That he my dit nocht fynd him the nychtbourkad 
€ontenit in the said petidoun." Aberd. Reg. V. l6. 

'' To find William Anderson sufficient nychibour^ 
iteid in bygging of his dykis." Ibid. V. lo. 

** He intendis to find me na nychtbourschip to the 
teling [tilling] & laboring of the said landis." Ibid. 

'^ He was chargit to fynd nyckiboursehip to him, 
.& big hi& dikis wp." Ibid. Cent. 16. 

" He wald nocnt fynd me nychtbourship, quhar^ 
throw my gudis deid [died], swa that I may nodit 
fynd him nychtbourheid this yeir. Sec. sen he wrang« 
ously deferrit to find me r^chtbourschip the last yeir 
foirsaid* that I be dischargit of his mchtbourechip 
this yeir, becaus my gudis ar deid." Ibid. V. l6. 

From the last passage it is evident that neigh« 
hours were bound, by an act of the town-coimcil at 
least, to give mutual aid in the labours of husbandry. 
Nychboublyxe, a^. Like one^s neighbours, S. 

'^ Thairfoir sail the proprietar— be bundin-*— to re- 
found the thrid part of the money quhilkis thay de« 
burse— in necessare and proffitabiU expensis,— the 
land being alsweill biggit as of befoir, and nychbour* 
fyke." Actl Mary 1555, Ed. 1814, p. 491. 

This term is still much used. It occurs in the use- 
ful proverb; '^ Neighbourlike ruins half the world," S. 
To NICHER, Neigheb, (gutt.) v. n. To neigh.] 

Add to etymon, — afler Su.G. gnaegg-ia ; 

Isl. hnaegg'ia, &c.— to E. a nag. Then €idd; Our 
term retains the very form of the Arab. Sjrnonyme 
*ind, nachar, per nares duxit; nachar, ronchus. 

NICHT-COWL, *. Anight^»p, S. 
iiICJITED, Benighted, S. V.Nichtit. 
NIGHT-HAWK, #. 1. A large white moth, 
which flies about hedges in summer evenings, 
2. A person who ranges about at night, ibid. 

Probably the same with AS. twU^buttorfleoge, 
night*butteri]y^ blatta; Lye. 
NicHT-H AWKiN, odf. Addicted to nocturnal roam- 
ing, ibid. 
NYCHTYRTALE,*. J?enyc%rtefe,bynight, 
in the night-time. 

Bot a grate plane in till it was. 
Thiddyr thoucht the lord of Dowglas, 
Be nychiyrlale, thair ost to bring. 

The Bruce, xiv. S69. Edit. 1820. 
When publishing this edition of Barbour, I faesi« 
tated whether this might not be the name of a place. 
But a learned friend has since supplied me wiUi de- 
didve proof that it must signify " by night;" on 
nychiyrlale occurring in this sense in a very ancient 
transktion of the Burgh Laws ascribed to David L 
'' The propyr flesdidwaris of the toune sal by 
bestis to the oyse of the toune al tyme of the day at 
hym lykis. Ande na fleschewar sal sla na by na best 
on nychiyrlale bot on fycht day in thair bothys, ande 
•thair wyndowis beande opyn." Leg. Quat. Burg. 
c» 66. De nocte, Orig. Lat 
%*Kis word is used by Chaucer. 

So bote he loved, that by nighieriale 
He slep no more than doth the nightingale. 

Prol. V. 97. 

N I C 

N I E 

Before observing Tyrwhitt's note, it oectirred to 
me that it might l^ q. nvAfeme-to^ from A JS. mA/< 
eme noctumus, and tale compatua, aa denoting the 
reckoning or computation of the hours during night 
But perlups his idea is preferable, that it is q. iiiA/« 
em daely noctuma portio. Lydgate uses fnghiertyme, 
NICHTIT, part. pa. Benighted, S. 

Nigkied is used by Shakspeare in the sense of 
darkened black* 

NICHT QUAIFFIS, night^soifs. V.Quaiffis. 
To NICK, V. a. To strike off a small bowl, by 

a quick motion of the first joint of the thumb 

pressing against the forefinger; a term used at 

the game of marbles or taw, S. 
NICK, 8. The angle contained between the beam 

of a plough and tlie handle on the hinder ^e, 

Orkn. Mee synon. 
NICK, s. A narrow opening between the sum- 
mits of two hills, South of S. 

This isperhapsmerely a peculiar use of the E. word. 

" Nick, a hollow pass through moors, from which 
a great baUock or moor view is to be had." Gall. £n& 
. BaUoch, itself, properly signifies a pass. 

NICKEBEBS, s. pL A cant term tat new shoes, 

Roxb. ; probably from dieir making a creaking 

NICKERIE, 3. Little nickerie, a kindly com- 

pdlation of a child, Tioth. 
NICKIE, NiKiE, 8. The abbrev. of the name 

Nicci; sometimes of the female name Nicolas j 

S. ** JViAri^Bell;^ Acts, iii. 898. 
NICKIM, NicKUM, 8. A- wag, one given to 

mischievous tricks, although not as implying 

the idea of immorsdity, Fite, Aberd. 
. Perhaps q. nick kim. if so, it has originally de- 
noted deception. Isl. hnick-r dolus, also apprehensio 
violenta, hnick^ raptare ; Haldoraon. 
NICKNACKET, *. A trinket, S.A. 

'^ Nick-nackels, trinkets ;" GL Antic}. 
NiccKACKiE, adf. Dextrous in doing any pieoe 

of nice work, Boxb.; synon. Nacketie. 
NICKSTICK, 8. A piece of wood, fee] Add; 

^' We serve the family wi' bread, and he settles 
wi' huz ilka week-— only he was in an unco kippage 
when we seat bim a book instead o' the nick'siicks, 
whilk, he said, were the true ancient way •' count- 
ing between jtradeamen and customers." Anti- 
quary, i. 321. 

NicKSTicK BODiE, one who proceeds exactly ac- 
' cording to rule ; as, if he has bad one to dine 

with him, he will not ask him aeain without 

haying a return in kind, TeviotdaTe. 
To NICKS, Nix, V. n. To set up any thing as 

a mark and throw at it ; to take aim at any 

thing near ; as, to nix at a bottle, Roxb. 
Teut. naeck^en appropinquare ; attingere; A.S« 
mhsia, nycst, proximus; q. a trial who shall be 
nearest to the nuffk 

NICNEVEN, s. The Scottish HectUe, &c. J Jdd; 

" From that he past to St Androis, quhair a no- 

tabill sorceres callit Nicneven was condemnit to the 

death and brunt." Historic Ja. Sext, p. 66. 

]\rr. C. K. Sharpe remarks ; ^' This name, gene« 


rally given to the QaOea of the Fairies, wasprc4MU 
bly boBtowed upon Jier on account of her crimes." 
Pref. to Law's Memor. xxviii, N. 
NIDDER, 8. <' The second riioot grain makes 
when growing ; in dry seasons it never bursts 
the nuUkr ^ Gall. Eiicycl. 
'' This and mddering" it is subjoined, ^' to pine 
and fret, to seem in a withering state, are the same." 
Perhaps rather from A.S. niiher'ian, as signifying 
detrudere, to thrust out, because here the grain 
pushes itself forth. 

To NIDDER, NiTHEB, v. «.] Read; 
8. To pinch or bind up with cold, 8. 
Tho' snaw bend down the forest^trees. 

An' bum an' river cease to flow ; 
Tho' nature's tide hae shored to fireese. 
An' winter mikers a'.bek>w, 

Bly th are we, &c PicketCs Poems, i. QQ^ 
Add /"^Niddered, pinched, &c 
4. To pinch, as referring to hunger ; used both 
in the N. and S. of S. ; Niddered, << huneerad, 
hidtstarved,'' Shirr. Gl. 
— Hame gaed I straught, an' tell'd the weans ; 
Wi' joy they a' set up a rair. 
For they wi' want war nkker^d sair« 

Picken's Poems, L 6l. Insert, as sense 
& To stunt in growth, Roxb. 

**NidderU,Nitk€ryt, marred or stunted in growth :'^ 
Gl. Sibb. 

6. To put out of shape, asby frequent handling and 
tossing. ^^NiddtrUhA^kofvoffLi^C* Aberd. Beg. 

7. Plagued, warmly handled^ q. crushed down 
by suffering. Shirr. G1.1 Add ; 

i»->A fun-stane does Sisyphus 

Down to the yerd sidr gnid^v-<» 
But why a thief, like Sisyphus 

That's nidder'd sae in heU, 
Sud here tak fittininmen^ 
Is mair na I can tell* 

AJaof's Speech, Poems Buck. Dial p. 4* 

To NIDDLE, V. a. " To overcome ;" GalLEnc. 

A.S. nid-ian urgere, cogere; whence auC^ ex« 

aetor; nvdUng, qui ex necessitate, servit. 

To NI^GE, V. n. To sijueeze through a crowd,, 

or any narrow place, with diffipulty^ Rpxh. V. 

GNJno^^ V. a. 

NIDGELL, 8. 1. " A fat frowar4 young man ;'* 
Gall. EncycL 

5. << A stiff lover, one whom no rival can dis- 
. place C ibid. 

C.B. cnodig signifies fleshy, corpulent, fiit» from 
cnfLwd, human flesh ; and iM»fi</, iuicy, sappy. In 
the second sense it might, seem rather allied to Teut 
knuds^en, tundere, batuere. 
NIEF, 8. A female bond-servant 
. '^AJVt^(idest,avillainwoman)marryingafre^ 
man, is thereby made fVee, and shaU never be Nief^ 
after, without a special act done bv her) as divorce^, 
or confession in a court of record. Spotiswoode'a 
Practicks, p. SO9. 

Cowel has given thi^ term in the form of N^e^ 
rendering it nativa. He quotes the Stat of £dw» 

6. and of R. (apparently Richard) 2. cap. 2. The 
word is also in Jacob's Dict> 


It had ooeaired to me that ^a^ being explained 
by the singular phrase, '^ a villain woman/' might 
be a eorr. pronunciation of knave, which is equiva* 
lent to L.B. vUlanus, But Cowel more properly re- 
fers to Fr. naif, natoralis, a term applied, in that 
language, to one bom a servant: Natf, serf de nais- 
sance ou d'origine; natnms, Roquefort ft is also 
written nin/^ ibid. Du Cange quotes the laws of Wil- 
liam the Conqueror, in proof that andllae,— servitute 
obnoziae, were denominatedni^^ andfiat/>,ute con« 
tnt viri, ViUam ; vo. Naiixu9. 
NiEVKSHAKiNG, 8. Something dropped from the 
. hand of another, a windfall. 

*^ NflKt her bosom bane— she wears Ronald Mori- 
ion's gowden chain, whilk was won by the dour 
and bauld Lord Allan Morison «t the storming o' 
Jerusalem, i' the days o' the godless .Saracens. Sic 
a braw nieve-^kaking's no to be got when the warld's 
wind leaves the carcase of ilka uncannie carlin." 
Blackw. Mag. Aug. 1820, p. 508. V. Nbive. 
NIEL, 9. The abbrev. of Nigely S. 
To NIFFER, Nyffee, v. a. 1. To exchange. 
<^ Be way ik nt/ffering^ cofBng^ & excambiun.'** 
Aberd. Reg. A. 1641, V. 17. 
8. To higgle. V. under Neiffab, v. 
To NIFFLE, V. n. To trifle, to be insignificant 
in appearance, in conversation, or in conduct ; 
as, ** He's a nijflitC body C Fife. 
Belg. nieurveling, a novice ; or knuffelerif to fumble. 
Isl. hnrf-a prehendere, arripere, from hnefe the fist, 
S. neive ; q. one who plays or trifles with his hands. 
NIFF.N AFFS, *.|rf. 1. Small articles,&c.]^di; 
S. In singular,itsometimes denotes a small person, 
or one who has not attained full strength, S. A. 
" Wha's this stripling that rides the good dun 
mare?' ' Thafs my bit fi(^-fuijf of a callant ;' says 
my father." Perils of Man, ii. 229- 
NiFF-NAFFY, o^. Troublesomc about trifles, S. ; 
'^ fastidious; a phrase of contempt;*" Gl.Aniiq, 
— '' She departed, grumbling between her teeth, 
that she wad rather lock up a hail ward than be fik- 
ing about thae niff-naffy gentles that gae sae muckle 
fash wi' their fancies." Guy Mannering, ill. 92. 
NIGER {g hardj), 8. Corr. of negroy S. 
•— ilow graceless Ham leugh at ms Dad, 
Which made Canaan a niger. Bums, iii. 6S« 
NIGGAR, NiGKE, 8. A miser, S« 

A nephew he had, at the news he was glad. 

An' leugh in his sleeve like to rive. 
That by help of the button, he came to be put in 
What stored the auld niggar's hive. 

J. SooU's Poems, p. 122. 
Corr. from £. niggard. Isl. nauggur, hnauggur, 
parens, tenax, Sw. niugg, niugger, id. 
NIGGARS, 8. pi. Two pieces of black iron, in 
the form of brick-bats, placed on the sides of cast- 
metal grates for contracting them in size, RoxK 
A.Bor. '^Niggar tU, iron cheeks to a grate," Grose; 
evidentlyjfrom£.n^gar(^,as it is a parsimonious plan. 
To NIGHT, V. n. To lodge during nieht. 

" They uighied for their own pay in the Old town." 
Spalding i. 291. 

To Night th£gith9b, to lodge under the same 
roof, S, 



-*^' I hae sworn to myself, and I'll keep my aith, 
that you and I shall never nighi IhegUker again in 
the same house, nor the same part o' the coimtry." 
Brownie of Bodsbeck, ii. 5S. 

Isl. naU^, noctem peragere, pemoctare. 

NIGHT-HUSSING, 8. A night^p for a fe. 

male, Selkirks. 

'' Her mutch, or nighl-^huesing, as she called it, 
was tied close down over her cheeks and brow ;«-« 
her grey locks hanging dishevelled from under it.'* 
Brownie of Bodsbeck, i. 209. 

This might seem to be q. housing; Fr. hmtssi co* 
vered with a foot-cloth.' But it is more probably al« 
lied to How, Hoo, a can or covering for the head ; 
perhaps from Su.G. hufrva, htvif, a cap, and saeng a 
bed, q. a " bed-cap." 

NlG-M A-NIES, 8. pi. " Unnecessary orna- 
ments i" Gall. Encycl. V. Nign ayes. 

NIGNAG, 8. A gimcrack ; a variety of Nick* 
nacJCf Teviotd. 

NYKIT, S. 1). pres. v.] Add; 

The same pnrase was used so late as the time of 


And sua he neckii thame with may,* 
And brocht the teale bravelie about. 
How Pluto come and pullit them out. 

Leg. Bp. St. Androis, Poems l6th Cent. p. 320. 
• Read nay. 

NYLE, 8. Corr. of navel, Fife. « Her nyle's 
at her mou,^ a coarse phrase applied to a wo- 
man far advanced in pregnancy. 
A.S. nauel, nqfel, Su.G. no/fe, id. Ihre views nqf, 

cavitas, as the root 

NILL YE, WILL YE, a phrase still used in S., 
signifying, " Whether ye be reluctant or well 
pleased." A.S. nilLan, nolle. 

NINE-EYED-EEL, the Lesser Lamprey, Frith 
of Forth. V. Eel. 

NINE-HOLES, *. jd. 1. The game of Nine 
men^s Morris, S. 

2. That piece of beef that is cut out immediately 
below the brisket or breast, S. ; denominatedi 
from the vacancies left by the ribs. 
The piece next to the nine-wholes is called the mn» 

ner, as extending the whole length of the ribs of the 

fore-part of the animal, S. 

NIP, NiMP, 8. A small ttt of anv thing.] Add; 

*' If thou hast not laboured but hes bene idle all 
day, looke that thou put not a nip in thy month : 
for there is an inhibition. Let him not eate that la- 
bours not." Bollock on 2 Thes. p. 1 40. 

" Then must it not followe, he workes not ; there- 
fore he must not eate ? O ye will say, that is very 
strait, if men and wemen eat not they will die. But 
I say, die as they will, the Lord vouchsafes not a nip 
on them except they worke." Ibid. p. 150. 

*NIP,«. Bread, and especially cheese, is said to 
have a nip, when it tastes sharp or pungent, S. ; 
evidently an oblique sense of the E. word. 

♦ NIPPEkS, 8. pi. The common name for pin- 
cers. South of S, In £. the word denotes 
" small pincers.*" 

NIPPERTY-tlPPERTY, adj. Suggesting 

N I R 

N I V 

the idea of what is childishly exact, or affectedly 

neat, in reference, as it would seem, to the re- 
gular return of rhymes, S. A. 
— " He's crack-brained and cockle-headed about his 
nipperty'iipperly poetry nonsense." Rob Roy, ii. 1 58. 

Hipperlie'tipperiie is the pronunciation in Roxb.^ 
and supposed to be the right one ; from tlie v. kip to 
hop,. and tiptoe, q. "hopping on the tiptoes." See, 
however, Tipperty and Tippertin. It is applied, 
1.) To a light unstable person ; as, " a hipperiy»tip* 

pertie lass." 
2.) To songs or times that are quick and rattling in 

their rhythm. 
NIPPIT, adj. Niggardly, S.] Add; 

— " Na, na, I ne'er likit to be ntppit or pinging; 
gie me routhrie o' a' thing." Saxon and Gael, i. 12.1. 
NIPRIKIN, s. A small morsel, Roxb. 

Apparently the same with nipperkin, which Sere- 
nius gives as an £. word corresponding with Lat. 
iriental, as denoting a small measure. It would seem, 
indeed, that Nipperkin is sometimes used. Grose 
gives it as a cant term. 

It may have originated from nip, a small bit, or 
Teut. knyp^en arctare, whence knyper, homo prae* 

NIP-SCART, «. 1. A niggardly person, Teviotd. 
£. A crabbed or peevish person, Clydes. 

The phrase Ntppit scart, used in Angus, corre- 
sponds exactly with the first sense ; according to 
which the word might seem to be composed of other 
two, both giving the idea of great parsimony. Did 
we view the second as the primary signification, we 
might consider the term as meant to intimate that 
the person, to whom it is applied, is disposed to ex- 
press his ill humour by nipping, or pinching, and 
scratching all who approach him. 

NIRB, 8. 1. Any thing of stunted growth, 
Ettr. For. 

2. A dwarf, ibid. V. Niblie. 
NIRL, ^. 1. A crumb.] Add; 

3. It is often used to denote a puny dwarfish per- 
son, whether man or child, S.B. Sometimes an 
adf. is conjoined; as, a weary nirly a feeble 

*' Yon ane ? Why, he has na mair calf to his leg 
than a grey-hound. — ^And sic a whey face ! — a per- 
fect nirl! as I sail answer, I've seen as boardly a 
chiel in a glass bottle upon a doctor's shelf." Reg. 
Dalton, 111. lip. 

To NIRL, V. a. 1. To pinch with cold. Loth. 
2. To contract, to make to shrink. " Thai pickles 

(grains of com) haebeen nirled wi* the drowth," 

or " wi' the frost,'* Loth. Hence, 
NiELED, adf> Stunted ; applied to trees. Loth. ; 

most probably q. hmrled. " That's puir nirlie 

grain as ever t saw,** Loth. 

In this sense Nirl is allied to " O.E. NyruylL Pu* 
slUus." Prompt Parv. It is indeed printed NyuylL 
But this must certainly be viewed as an erratum. 
For under thesynon. term, we tekd *' NuruyU dwerfe. 
Supra in Nyruyll." 
Nirlie, adj. 1. Very small, synon. with Nirled; 

as, " Nirlie^headed wheat C" South of S. 


S. Niggardly ; as, ** a nirUe creature C* Loth. 

This might seem allied to IsL nirbell ; vir parvus 
et sordidus; AdnirbiasanutH sordide opes comparare; 
G. Andr. 
NIRLES, s,pL A spedes c^tneasles^ kcJ] Add; 

" Morbilli, the nirks." Wedderb. Vocab. p. I9. 
NISE, «. Nose ; properly niz^ S.B« 
The wabster's itue was dung ajee. 
The bluid run o'er his beard. 

Cock's Simple Strains, p. 1S6. V. Nbis» 
To NYSE, V. a. To beat, to pommel ; a word 

used among boys, Loth. 

Perhaps radically the same with Nuse. V. Knuse. 
NISSAC,^. The name fi^ven to a porpoise. Shed. 

''Delphinus Phocaena, (Linn, syst.) Nissac, (Niss 
of Pontoppidan), Pellach, Porpus." Edmonstone'e 
Zetl. ii. 299. 

Evidently a dimin. from Norw. nisse, expl. by 
Hallager, Delphinus Phocoena. IsL hnysa is ren^ 
dered Delphinus minimus. 
NIT, s. L A nut^ the fruit of the hazel, S. 
2. The wheel of a cross-bow* 

" Item, sex cor8b<dlis with thair nittis, and cer«k 
tane auld ganyeis.'^ Inventories, A. 1566, p. 172. 

" In the opposite side of the circumference was 
a much smaUer notch, by the means of which the 
spring of the tricker kept the wheel firm, and in its 
place ; this wheel is called the nut of the cross-bow/' 
Grose's MUitaty Hist. ii. 287* 
Nit-grit, adf* Of tlie siee of a nut, as large or 

greats South of S. 
NITCH, s. A bundle or truss. V. Enitch. 
To NITE, V. a. To rap, to strike with a smart 

blow, S. 

'* And ye're baith king's oflScers too !«-lf it wama 
for the blood that's i' your master's veins, I wad niie 
your twa bits o' pows thegither." Brownie of Bods** 
beck, i. 117. V. Knoit. 
NITHERIE, adf. Wasted, growing feebly ; as, 

<^ nUkerie com,^ that which is so leeble that it 

can scarcely be cut, Roxb. The same with Nid^ 

dered. V. Niddeb> v. 
NITTERS,*. « A greedy, grubbing^ impudent, 

withered female C Gall. Encycl. ^ 

Avarice is obviously the prominent idea. Thus the 
term must claim a common origin with Nittie, q. v. 
NITTY, s, Expl. a " Uttle knave,'' Gl. Aberd. 
But fowks will say it was na pretty 
To yoke sic twa in conjunct dit^. 

Them baith to hit ; 
And ca' you but a twa^fac'd niti^, 
Wi' a' your wit. 

Skinner's Misc. Poet. p. 187- 

This may be viewed as claiming the same origin 
with the adj. Nittie, q. v. ; if not £n>m Teut neAtgk, 
inutilis, nullius valoris. 
NITTLES, ^. pZ. I. Horns just appearing above 

the skin^, on tne head of an animal, Clydes. 
2*. Applied to the small stunted horns of sheep, ib. 

Isl. hnyUa nodulus, a little knot, from knuU-r nodua. 
NiTTLSD, adf. Having horns of this description, 

ibid. NeulTdj synon. 
NIVIE-NICKNACK, e. V. Neivie-nickkack* 

N I Z 


NYUCKFIT, $. The snipe; a name supposed to 
be formed from its cry when ascending, Clydes. 

NIVLOCK, 8. A bit of wood, around which the 
end of a hair-tether is fastened, for holding by, 
BaniTs., Aberd.; fromm^^^, Su.6. naefioe^ tne 
fist, and perhaps lycka^ a knot, fibula, nodus ; 
NIXIE, s, A naiad, a water-nymph. 
She who sits by haunted well, 
Is subject to the Ntjcie's spell ; 
She who walks on lonely beach. 
To the mermaid's charmed speech. 

The Pirate, iii. I9. 
If a Pixie, seek thy ring, 
If a Nixie, seek thy spring. Ibid. ii. 246. 
It might seem that this term is originally the same 
with Norw. A^twe, thus defined by Hallager, "siTrMi, 
(monster), or a long-consumed substance, which ap- 
pears as a little boy in a grey jacket with a red cap 
on his head. He dwells especially in houses ; and it 
is belieyed, that he brings good luck with him, for 
which reason they set down meat to him about even- 
ing. He is also known in Denmark." This hob« 
goblin is obviously the Brotvnie of our own country. 
But the attributes of Ni^e do not agree with those 
of Nixie. We must therefore turn our eye to IsL 
Nik-r, hippopotamus, monstrum vel daemoii aquatilis, 
G. Andr. Dan. nicken, nocken, Su.G. neeken, Germ. 
nicks, Belg. necker, all signify, according to Ibre, 
daemon aquaticus. Hence also £. fdck, Nikur was 
one of the names of Odin* 

NIXIN, 8. A play, in which cakes of ginger- 
bread being placed on bits of wood, he who 
fives a certam sum to the owner of the cakes, 
as a right to throw at a given distance, with a 
rung about a yard long, and to claim as many 
cakes as he can displace, or clean ones in lieu of 
them, Roxb. 

Su.G. nyck signifies concussio. But it is most pro- 
bably a cant term« 

NIXTIN, a^\ Next. 

The firsten shot was to neir,-— 
The nixtin shot thair foes hurt. 
Battell of Balrinnes, Poems l6lh Cent, p. S53. 
Bikhjirsten and nixtin retain the A.S. form of the da- 
tive and accusative; nextanfram nexst, next, proximus. 

NIXTOCUM, adf. Next. Aberd. Reg. 
NIZZARTITj part. pa. Stunted in growth, 


Nidder'd is used in the same sense. V. the t;., sense 
5. It might perhaps be view^ed as a corr. of this ; 
did not Alem. neiz denote affliction, nez-en to hate, 
and Moes.G. neiihs, invidia, rancor. 

NIZZELIN, part. pa. 1. Niggardly.] Add to 

etymon ; 

It spems more nearly allied to Teut. neusel-en, fri- 
vola agere. The primary sense of this Teut. word 
seems to be, to be clandestinely poking into every 
comer, or searching with the nose like a dog; Nasu 
sive rostro tacit^ scrutare ; Kilian. The root is neiise 
the nose. It is probable that Dan. noesle, ^'to be busy, 
to be taken up about some trifling thing, to be full of 
bustle/' &c. (Wolff), which corresponds with the se« 


oond sense of our term, has had a common origin ; to 
which may be added Isl. hnys-a, Sw. nos-a defined by 
Serenius in the very words used by Kilian. 
* NO, adv. This negative has peculiar emphasis 
in the Scottish language; and converts any adj. 
to which it is prefixed, into a strong affirmative 
of the contrary of its proper meaning ; as, no 
wyssy mad ; no hlate^ impudent, arrogant ; no 
canny^ dangerous, often including the idea of 
witchcraft or supernatural power. 
NOAH'S ARE, an appearance in the atmosphere, 
when the clouds are parted in an elliptical form, 
so as to assume somewhat of the likeness of a 
boat or yawl, pointed at both ends, S. 
'' The grey and misty appearance of the atmos- 
phere, by which the present good weather was usher- 
ed in, is held by country people to be the strongest 
proof of its continuance. In addition to this, the Ro- 
bin Redbreast has carolled from the house-tops, and 
Noah's Ark been seen in the heavens-— omens which, 
in the opinion of many, are more to be depended on 
than either the rising or the falling of the barometer." 
Dumfries Courier, Edin. Ev. Cour. Sept. 18, 181 7. 

The prognostic, concerning the state of the wea- 
ther, is formed from the direction of this ark in the 
heavens. If it extends from south to north, it is 
viewed as an indication of good weather ; if from 
east to west, a squall of wind or rain is certainly 
looked for. Hence the old adage ; 

East and wast (west), the sign of a blast ; 
North and south, the sign of drouth. 
The change, it is observed, generally takes place 
within twenty^fbur hours after this phenomenon. 

It is singular that this prognostic should be inter- 
preted quite in an opposite way on the other side of 
the Border. For Clarke, in his Survey of the Lakes 
of Cumberland, &c. expresses himself thus : 

" I will add to those already mentioned that ap- 
pearance in the heavens, called Noah's Ark ; which 
being occasioned by a brisk west-wind rolling toge^ 
ther a large number of small bright clouds into the 
form of a ship's hull, and exhibiting a beautiful mot- 
tled texture, is pointed Nortli and South, and said to 
be an infallible sign of rain to happen within twenty- 
four hours," Introd. xlii. 
NOBLES, 8. Read Noble, 8. The Pogge, Sccl 
Add; -" 

<* Cottus Cataphractus. The Pogge or Armed Bull- 
head ; — Noble." Neill's List of Fishes, p. 9. 
withstanding, Brechine Reg. F. 54. 
NOCHTIS, 8. Naught, of no value. 

" In quhat proud arrogance and damnabil sacrilege 
is he specialie, and the utheris his fallow is in thair 
degre, sUddin ; usurping the auctoritie of godly bis«- 
chopes and utheris pastouris and preistis, — aluterlie 
aganis all lauchfull power onyway gevin be man to 
ony ministerie, that thai use in the kirk, except only 
be that titill, quhilk thai esteme nochtisJ' N. Win- 
yet's Quest. Keith, Hist. App, p. 222. 

Nokles, gen. of A.S. tiohi nihil, q. " of nought." 
NOCHTIE, adj. 1. Puny in size, and at the 
same time contemptible in appearance ; as, ^^ Q ! 
she's a nochtie creature ;^' Ang. 


N O L 

2. Bad, unfit for any purpose ; applied to an in- 
strument, Aberd. 

Q. a thing of nought, AS. no'mht. 
NOCK, NoK, NoKK, s. 1. The nick or notch of 

a bow or arrow.] Add; 

" Nocke of a bowe, C^r.] oche de larc : Nocke of a 
ahafte, []Fr.^ oche de la flesche;" Palsgr. B. iiL F. 
60, b. 
NOCKIT, NocKET, NoKKET, ^. A luncheon, 

&c/| Jdd; Roxb., Gall. 

'' Nocket^-a meal between breakfast and dinner/' 
A. Scott's Poems 1811, p. l60, N. 
NocKET-TiME, s. The time for taking a luncheon, 

Wi' hamely cottage fare regal'd to be 

At nockei'time, an' whan 'tis afternoon. 
By the moss^banks upo' the velvet lea 

Their table spread, ilk circle sits them down. 
A. Scotts Poems 1811, p. l60. 

" Nockety a mid-day lunch ;" Gall. Encyd. 
NOCKS, a. pi. ** Little beauuful hiUsT Gall. 

Encyd. ; the same with Knocks q. v. 
* NOD, 8. The Land of Nod, the state of sleep. 

^^ He^s awa to the Land qfNod^ he has fallen 

asleep, S. Lands of Nod, Aberd. 

''And d'ye yen, lass,' said Madge, 'there's queer 
things chanced since ye hae been in the Laftd qfNbtL" 
Tales of my Landlord, S. 1. Vol. iii. 124. 

This figure is evidently borrowed from the use of 
the £. word, as denoting ''the motion of the head in 
drowsiness." But it has most probably been at first 
employed as containing what is often mistaken for 
wit, a ludicrous and profane allusion to the language 
of scripture in regard to the conduct of the first mur- 
derer. Gen. iv. 1 6. " And Cain went out from the 
presence of the Lord, and dwelt in the land of Nodf 
NODDY, s, A one-horse coach, moving on two 

wheels, and opening behind, S. 

" There was a noddy at the door, bound for the 
town of Greenock ; so I stepped into it." The Steam^ 
Boat, p. 121. 

The name may have been given from its nodding 
NODDLE- ABA ID, adv. Head foremost, Te- 


The latter part of this word may be allied to Isl. 
araedi impetus. 
NoDGE, s. A push or stroke, properly with the 

knuckles, Ayrs. ; Dunsh, Punsn, synon. 

— " They came to a cross-road, where my grand- 
father, giving Master Kilspinnie a itcN^e, turned down 
the one that went to the left." R. Gilhaiae, i. 85. 

" As we were thus employed, Mrs. Pringle gave 
me a nodge on the elbow, and bade me look at an el- 
derly man, about fifty— something of the appearance 
t)f agausey good-humoured country laird." The 
^team-Boat, -p. 253. 
To NODGE, v.n. 1. To sit or go about in a 

dull, stupid kind of state, Ettr. For. 

3. To Nodge alang, to travel lasurely, Dumfr. 
C.B. nugiad denotes "broken motion. But per- 
haps this V. is allied to Teut. knodse, clava nodosa, 
as denoting stiffiiess of motion, or Isl hnot, nisus de- 
bilis, q. feeble exertion. 


NOG, a. 1. A knob ; a stake, driven into the 
wall, having its extremity hooked, for keeping 
hold of what is hung on it, S. 
Nought left me, o' four and twenty gude ousen 

and ky,— 
But a toom byre and a wide. 
And the twelve nogs on ilka side. 

^ Minsirelsff Border, L 207. 
8. Avery large peg driven through divots, to keep 
them m their proper place on the roof of a cot- 
tage, Dumfr. 

It seems originally the same with Teut knocke a 
knot in a tree, Sw. knagg, £. knag ; and perhaps with 
Sw. km^e the knuckle. The radical affinity of terms 
of this form and signification is illustrated by Ihre, 
vo. Knae, the knee. 

NOGGAN, part. pr. « Walking steadily, atod 
regularly nodding the head C* Gall. Encycl. 
AlLed perhaps to C.B. nug^iatv, to shake, to quiver, 
nug a sliake. SuG. nyck concussio ; Isl. hnok^a moto. 
NOGGIE, s. A small wooden vessel with an up- 
right handle, Dumfr. 

The Coag is a Noggie of a larger siae, for milking 
in ; the Luggie being of an intermediate size. In 
Galloway, it is pron. Noggin, like the £. word. 

'' Noggins, little wooden dishes ;" GvalL Encycl. 
To NOY, V. a. To annoy.] Add ; 

^'Inoye, lyrkeone; I greueone;" PaL^.iii.S06,b. 

** The Abbot and the Convent sail fynd all maner 
of gratht that pertenys to that werk quhil is wyrk- 
ande^-Willam sal hadT alsua for ilk stane fjrnyne that 
he fynys of lede ill d., and a stane of ilke hundyr that 
he fynys til his travel. And that day that he wyrks 
he sal haf apenny til his noynsankis.*' Chartul. Aber- 
broth. Fol. 24, A. 1394. 

This undoubtedly signifies either meridian or din« 
ner. It is originally £e same word with A.S. non- 
sang, cantus ad horam diei nonam, the noon-song ; 
and seems, from the refection taken at this hour, to 
have been occasionally used in the same sense with 
A.S. notumele, ^' Refectio, vel prandium. A meale 
or bever at that tinje ;" Somner. This accurate wri- 
ter Adds ; " Howbeit of latter times noone is mid-day, 
and non-mete dinner." 

Lye has shewn that A.S. sane is used for sang song. 
Hence the termination sankys.. 
NOISOME, adf. Noisy, Aberd. ; q. noise-'Some. 
NOIT, s» A small rocky height. 

" Notts, little rocky hills ;" Gall. Encycl. 
Isl. Antfi-r nodus ; hnott-ur globus ; knylbiarg, 8ax« 
um praeruptum. 

NoiTiNG, s. A beating, Lanarks. 
NOITLED, part. ac^. <' Intoxicated with spi- 
rits ;'* Gall. Encyci. 

Teut. neutel-en, frivole agere ; q. brought into that 
state in which one talks incoherently or foolishly. 
To NOLL, V. a. To press, &c., S.B.] Add; 

But the V. has more direct affinity to Germ. knuU* 
en, ' used in the same sense ; " to knubble, to cuff 
soundly," &c. Ludwig. 
NOLT, NowT, s. 1. Black cattle.] Add; 
2. Metapb. used to denote ^^ a stupid fellow C GL 
Surv. Moray. 

N O O 


*' What garr'd ye blaw out the crusie^ Davie, ye 
stupid nofvt 9" St. Kathleen, iii. 159. 
3. I have heard the phrase, a great muckle rumU 
applied to a big, lumpish man, generally inclu- 
ding the idea of inactivity, S. 
NoLT-TATH, s. Luxuriant grass proceeding from 

dung, S. V. Tath. 
NowT-HOHN, s. The horn of an ox or cow, used 
for collecting cattle, &c., S. 
A lang kaiUgully hang down by his side, 
And a meikle nmvt-hom to rout on had he. 
Humble Beggar, HerHs Coll. ii. 29. 
Of a very cold day it is proverbially said, " It's 
enouch to pierce a nout-hom," S. 
NONFINDING, part. pr. Not finding. 

'^ In caiss of non finding souirtie, to denunce thaim 
rebellis Ilk as mene slaaris." Acts Ja. V. 1525, £d. 
1814, p. 298. 

NON OBSTANT, notwithstanding. « Nm 06. 
siant that,"*' &c. Aberd. Reg. Cent. 16; from 
Lat non obstante. 
NONREDDING, s. Not cleaning, or clearing 
out. " The nonredding of his buicht,'' keep- 
ing his booth in a state of disorder. Aberd. 
Reg. V. 15, p. 651. 
NON-SUCH, s. One without a parallel, S. 

" If that non-such amongst mere men, the meek 
and zealous Moses, might have his spirit so provok- 
ed, as to speak unadvisedly with his lips, who ought 
not.'^" M'Ward's Contend, p. 65. 
NoNE-sccH, a^. Unparalleled- 

" This would have discovered our iniquity— pre- 
venting that day of none-sttch calamity." Ibid. p. 88. 
NOOF, NuFE (Fr. w), adf. 1. Neat, trim, spruce, 
Galloway, Dumfr. 
His tenement it was but sma'. 
Aught scrimpit roods, an' that was a' ; 
And yet his wife was always bra*. 

An' unco noof, Davidson's Seasons, p. 65, 
S. Snug, ibid. 

"Noqf, snug; sheltered from the blast;" Gall. Enc. 
To NOOK, Neuk, v^ a. 1. To check, to snib; 
to put down, to humble, Aberd. 

I'll wad her cuintray fouk sail no be dring 
In seeking her, and gar us sadly rew 
That ever we dieir name or nature knew : 
Nae farther back 'bout them need we to look. 
Than how of late they you and me did nook f 
Boss's Helenore, First Edit. p. 88. 
In the third edition it is kook, undoubted by mistake. 
2. To trick, to outwit, to take in, ibid. 

This may be allied to Isl. hnauk-a cemuus labor- 
are, servire, whence knokinn cemuus, pronus ; hnauk^ 
labor taediosus, opus servile ; Haldorson. I suspect, 
however, that Uie v. has been formed from the s. nook 
or neuk, understood figuratively, as the j. itself is used 
in this sense in the same district 
Nook, Neuk, s. 1. To Keep^ or Hold one in his 
ain Nook J to keep a person under, to keep one 
in awe, Aberd. 
2. To Turn a Nook upon^ to outwit, to ovei^- 

reach, ibid. 
NOOL, 8. A short horn, Galloway. 
Vol. II. 161 

He views the warsle, laughing wi' himsel 
To see auld brawny glowr, and shake his nooU* 

Davidson's Seasons, p. 45. 
^' Nools, small horns which are not connected with 
the scull-bone ;" Gall. Encycl. 

Su.G. knoel, a bump or knob ; Germ, kndl, id. 
Wachter observes thatitis&om no/ a hillock, which 
the ancients wrote hnol, and applied to any kind of 
protuberance in the body, trees, &c. resembling a 
small eminence. 

NOOPING, part. pr. " Walking with eyes on 

the ground, and head nodding;^ Gall. Encycl. 

Isl. gnoef, nasus prominens, gnapte prominet; hnip* 
in, gestu tristis, et se coarctans membris, G. Andr. 
NOOST, 8. The action of the grinders of a horse 

in chewing his food, Roxb. 

Isl. gnust-a stridere, gnist^r stridor, whence tannic 
gniosi-r, stridor dentium. 

To NOOZLE, V. a. To press down, Teviotdale. 

" Yc're still but a young man yet, son, an' expe- 
rience may noozle some wit intil ye." Winter £v. 
Tales, i. 14. 

This might seem to be the same with £. nuzzle ; 
as referring to the act of rubbing with the nose, or 
digging with the snout Teut neuseUen, naso sive 
rostro, scrutari; from neuse, nasus. But it is more 
probably a derivative from Knuse, v., especially as it 
properly signifies to press down with the knees. 
NoozLE, 8. A squeeze, a crush, Ettr. For. 

*' Ane grit man trippyt on myne feet, and fell belly- 
fiaught on me with ane dreadful noozle" Winter £v. 
Tales, ii. 42. 

Belg. kneuseUen is mentioned by Ihre (vo. Knyster) 
as synon. with kneus-en, to bruise. V. Knuse. 

NOP BED, a bed made of locks of wool, in E. 

denominated aLjIockJbed. 

" That Thomas Kirkpatrick of Closebarne sail- 
pay to Johne of Grant— for twa nop beddis with the 
bousteris xl s., for a fedder bed with the bouster xl s., 
five pare of schetis, price of the pare x s." Act Dom. 
Cone. A. 1488, p. 98* 

A.S. htioppa villus, Su.G. nopp, id. ; Teut. noppe, 
villus, fioccus, tomentum. 

" That Henry Leis burgess of Edinburgh sail re« 
store— the ruf of a bed, the courtingis of the 6am3ni, 
a nop sek, iij paire of schetis," &c. Act* Audit. A. 
1478, p. 67. Also Act Dom. Cone. A. 1490, p. 176. 

Apparently a sack or bag made of hard or coarse 
cloth. Su.G. noppa, stupae. 
NORIE, 8. The Puffin.] Add ; 

'' Did I not hear a halloo ?' ' The skriegh of a 
Tammie Norie,' answered Ochiltree, ' I ken the 
skirl weel." Antiquary, i. l68. 

Brand uses the term Tominorie. 

'^ The fowls have their nests on the holms in a 
very beautiful order, all set in raws in the form of 
a dove-coat, and each kind or sort do nestle by them- 
selves ; as the Scarfs by themselves, so the Cety- 
waicks, Tominories, Mawes, &c." De8cr.of Zetl.p.l 19. 
NORIE, 8* A whim, a reverie, a maggot, S. 

^' Dear gudeman, whaten a question's that to speer 
at me ? What can hae put sic a norie i' your head 
as that ?" Brownie of Bodsbeck, i. 7> 


Let nae daft norie sae biasa us. 
As gar us dread,— 

Taylor's Scois Poems, p. 5. 

NORIE, s. The abbreviation of Eleanor, or 
Eleanor a, S. 

NORLOC, s. An encysted, growing on the head 
of some persons, even to the size of an orange, 
S.B. ; expressed S. A. by the use of the E. word 
This is evidently a dimin. from E, ^nwrfe, a knot. 

Teut. knorre, tuber, tuberculum. 

NOR'LOCH, the corr. of North loch, tlie name 

. of a body of stagnant water, which formerly lay 
in the hollow between the High Street of Edin- 
burgh and the ground on which Prince's Street 
now stands. Hence, 

Nou'*LocH TROUT, a cant phrase formerly used to 
denote a joint or leg of mutton, ordered for a 
club of citizens who used to meet in one of the 
classes leading down to the North loch. The in- 
vitation was given in these terms ; " Will ye 
gang and eat a Nor'^loch trout P 
The reason of thq designation is obvious. This^ 

was the only species of ^*A which the North loch, on 

which' the shambles were situated, could supply. 

NORTHART, adj. Northern, of or belonging 
to the north, Ayrs. ; corr. from Northwara, 
Far o'er the braes, the Northart cauld 
To distant climes had ta'en it's way. 

Picken's Poenis, i. l6. 

NOSEBITT, s. Any thing that acts as a check 
or restraint. 

I will augment my bill 

As I gett witt in mair and mair 

Of his proceidingis heir and thair. 

I sail leive blankis for to imbrew thame. 

That he a nosebitt m[|a]y beleive thame, 

Whome to my buik salbe directit. 

Legend Bp, St. Androis, Poems l6ih Cent p. S43. 
NOSeL, Nozle, s. A small socket or aperture, 

NOSEWISE, adj, 1. Having— ^n acute smell.] 


Teut. neustvis, odorus, sagax ; nasutus; curiosus. 
NOSS, s. A term apparently of the same meanr 

ing with Ness^ a promontory, Shetl. 

" Who was't shot Will Paterson oif the Noss ?— 
the Dutchman that he saved from sinkings I trow." 
The Pirate, i. 246. 

Su.G. nos, the nose. It is generally admitted that the 
terms, denoting a promontory, are borrowed from 
that member which projects in the human face. IsL 
no* indeed denotes a promontory. V. Ihre, vo. ^ocj. 
NOST, 8. Noise, talking, &c.] Add; 

We may add Isl. gnifst^, gnest-a, stridere, stre- 
pere ; gnist stridor. 
NOTAR, s A notary public. " Ane noter,'^ 

id. Aberd. Reg. ; Noter, Gl. Lynds. 

*' They took instruments in the hands of two »o- 
iars brought there for the purpose." Spalding, i. 63. 
To NOTE, V. a. To use.] Add ; 

" Nate ornate, uti; Northumb." Ray's Coll. p. 46* 
NOTH, s. 1. Nothing, Aberd. 



2. The orpher 0, ibid. 

Probably a corr. of S. nockt, or of A.S. no-tviht, nihil. 
NOUDS, NowDS, Fishes that are counted 

of little value, Ayrs., Gall. 

" Nouds, little fish, about the size of herring, with 
a homy skin, common in the Galloway seas." GalL 
Encycl. ; perhaps the Yellow Gurnard orDragonet. 
NOVITY, J. Novelty ; Fr. nouveauU. 

" William Bailie alleged, no process, because the 
active title not produced. Halton repelled it. Mr. 
William huffed at the novitif, and offered a doUer 
for the Lords' answer." Fount Dec. Suppl. iii. 146. 
NOUP, Nups, s. " A round-headed eminence,^ 

Shetl., Dumfr. (Fr. w.) 
By slack, and by skerry^ by noup and by voe,&c. 

The Pirate, ii. 142. V. Alr. 

This is the same with Knoop, sense 3, q. v. 
NQURICE, s. a nurse, S.O. 

" The little nourice from the manse laid down oi> 
the turf without speaking, but with a heartsome 
smile, her small wage of four pounds." Lights and 
Shadows, p. 218.. 

" O.E. Noryce. Nutrix.- Prompt. Parv. 
NouaiC£-F£E, 8, The wages given to a wet 

nurse, S. 
Another said, O gin she had but milk. 
Then sud she gae frae head to foot in silk ; 
With castings rare and a gueed nonmce-fee^ 
To nurse the King of Elfin's heir Fizzee. 

Ross's Helenore, p. 63. 
NOUST, 8. 1. A landing-place, an inlet for ad- 
mitting a boat to approach the shore, especially 

where the entrance is rocky ; Orkney, 
2. It is also expl. " a sort of ditch in the shore,. 

into which a boat is drawn for being moored.'' 

A term evidently retained from the Norw^^ians ; 
as it preserves not only the form, but nearly the sig« 
nification of Isl. naust, statio navalis sub tecto ; Hid-i 
dorson. It seems originally to have signified the 
place where a vessel was stationed under cover, aftec 
it had reached the shore. Verelius expl. it, navale ; 
and gives Sw. bothus, i. e. boat-house, as the syno« 
nyme. Navis statio ; G. Andr. 
NOW, 8. The crown or top of the head.] Add; 

Isl. kalk, kiaelke, literally the cheek, metaph. de- 
notes an isthmus, a promontory ; G. Andr. p. 189. 

O.E. note was used in the same sense as S. now, 
which is probably corr. from it. " Heed, pate or 
note, [Fr.] caboche." Palsgr. B. iii. F. 39, a. Nolle, 
occiput; Prompt. Parv. 
* NOW, adv. It is commonly used S. in a sense 

unknown in E. 

" He was never pleased with his work, who said, 
Norn, when he had done with it ;" S. Prov. " Now,^ 
at the having done a thing, is a word of discontent" 

Kelly, p. 144, 145. 

« Now is now, and Yule's in winter," S. Prov. ; 
" a return to them that say. Now, by way of resent- 
ment [rather, dissatisfaction]; a particle common in 

S." Ibid. p. 256. 

This is evidently s, paronomasia, as the second now 
respects the common meaning of the term as regard*, 
ing the present time. 
To NO \V, V. n. To Now and Talk, to talk loud^ 

N U 1 

ly, loquaciously, and in a silly manner, Clydes. 

Ilence the phrase, *• a nowan talker .** 

Perhaps from Isl. nog satis, nog-r sufficiens, abun- 
dans, q. superabundant ; or A.S. hneatv, tenax> " that 
holdeth fast/' Somner ; q. persisting in discourse; 
or Fr. nou-ery to knit, to tie. The latter has un- 
doubtedly the best claim, the v. being used in a mo- 
ral sense concerning the bonds of friendship and 
society. Cet homme est entrant, flateur, il a bien- 
t6t nouet conversation. II faut noti€r une partie pour 
ae divertir. Diet. Trev. 
NOWDER, cojy. Neither. 

— " The said Marie Flemyng, comperand perso« 
nalie, nowder did exhibit nor present the saidisjow- 
ellis, nor yit schew ony ressonabill cans quhy scho 
sould not do the samyn." Inventories, A. 1577, p. 

194. V. NOUTHER. 

NO-WYSS, fld;. 1. Foolish, without thought 

or reflection, Ang. 
2. Deranged ; as, " That's like a no-wysshoAy^ ib. 
To NOWMER, r. a. To reckon, to number. 

'* Nonmert money," a sum reckoned; Aberd. Reg. 
NOWTIT, pari. adj. A potatoe is said to be 

ncnctity when it has a hollow in the heart, Abaxl. 

Isl. hnud-r, Dan. knude, tuber, tuberculum; q. 
swelled, or puffed up ; or A.S. cnotta, a knot. 
NUB-BERRY, s. Cloud-berry, Rubuschamae- 

morus, &c.] Add; — Dumfr., Ettr. For. 

It has been conjectured that the name is q. knob^ 
berry, from the fruit appearing like a hncb or pro- 
tuberance. As knoUberry is the more general E. 
name, although knout-berry is also used, (V. Light- 
foot) ; Skinner thinks that it has received this name, 
either because the root is somewhat knotted, or be- 
cause the flowers seem to exhibit the form of a ^'true 
lover's knot," 
NUBBIE,^. A walking-staff with a hooked head; 

perhaps q. knobbiey a stick with a knoby Roxb. 
Dan. knub, a knot in a tree. 
KUBBIE, s. '^ An unsocial person, worldly, yet 

lazy ;^ Gall. Encycl. 

Su.G. nubb, qidcquid formam habet justo mino- 
rem ; knvbb, truncus brevis et nodosus, knubbig, no- 
dosus ; as transferred to man, obesus. En knubbig 
karly one who is plump, or whose corpulence ex- 
ceeds the proportion of his stature, who is as braids 
he's lang, S. 
NXTDGE, s. A push or stroke with the knuckles, 


" Macallum brought a pair of pipes might have 
served the piper of Donald of the Isles. But he gave 
my gudsire a nudge as he offered them ;— so he had 
fisor warning," &c. Redgauntlet, L 252. V. Nonofi, 
V, and Gnidoe. 

NUFE, 04^, Neat, spruce. V. Noof. 
NUGET, s. Expl. ^^ one who is short of stature^ 

and has a large belly ,^^ South of S. 

Nudget, I suspect, is the proper orthography ; q. 
resemblingathick stick or rung; Teut. knudse, knodse, 
fustis, dava ; dava nodosa. 
NUIF> adf. Intimate, Ettr. For. V. Knuff, v. 
NUIE, s. The comer of any thing, S. nooky E. 
NuiKiT, NuiKET, part a^. Having comers ; as^ 

" a ihres^uikit hat," S. 


N U R 

To NUIST, V, n. To eat in continuation, to be 

still munching, Roxb. 

From the same origin with Knuse, Nuse, v. ; or 
more immediately fr<Nn that given under NoQ^t, s. 

To NUIST, V. a. To beat, to bruise, Lanarks., 


" When two are boxing, and one gets the other's 
head beneath his arm, he is said to nuist h m with 
the other hand;" Gall. Encycl. 

Alem. ge^knistet collidetur, Psa. S7« 34. He shall 
not be bruised or broken. This is undoubtedly from 
the same origin. Isl. ibit»-a, knos-a, contundere. 
Dan. knust, part pa., crushed, mangled. V. Knuse. 
Nuist, s. " A blow," ibid. 
NUIST, s. " A greedy, ill-disposed, ignorant 

person ;^ Gall. Encycl. 
NUIST, s. A large piece of any thing, Upp. 

Clydes. V. Knoost. 
To NUMP, V, a. Apparently a corr. of E. mump, 

to nibble. 

He maun hame but stocking or shoe. 

To Jiump his neeps, his sybows, and leeks. 

And a wee bit bacon to help the broo. 

Jacobite RelicSy i. 97* 
NUNCE, s. The Pope's legate, or nuntio. 

" The Quenis Majestic is sa waik in hir persoun, 
that hir Majestic can nocht be empeschit with ony 
besines concerning the ^tfitce.-— Thairfoir it is gude 
ye solicit the Cardinall of Lorraine to cans the Nunce 
tak patience, for hir Grace is verry desyrous to haif 
him heir, but alwayis wald haif his cumming dif- 
ferrit to the Baptisme war endit'' Bp. of Ross to 
Abp. of Glasg. Keith's Hist App. ii. 135. 
NUPE, s, A protuberance. V. Noup. 
NURD AY, NooRSDAY,*. New-year's-day, S.O. 
NuRDAY, adf. What is appropriate to the first 

day of tlie year, S.O. 
Bra' canty chiels are a' asteer. 
To glad Uieir sauls wi' Nurdav cheer. 

Picken's Poems 1788, p. 1*. 
NURG, NcjRGLE, s. << A short, squat, little, sa« 

vage man ;^ Gall. Encycl. 
NURISFATHER, s. Nursing-father. 

— '' His hienes hes very ly vlie expressit, to the 
unspeakable joy and confort of the saidis estaitis, 
his most godlie and religious dispositioun as nuris^ 
father of the kirk of God within his Maiesteis do- 
minionis, to advance the trew ancient apostolik 
faith," &C. ActsJa.VI.l609>£d.l814, p.406. V. 


NURLING, s. " A person of a nurring dispo- 

sition ;" Gall. Encycl. V. Nube, v. 
NURR, s. A decrepit person, Roxb. 

Teut. knorre, tuber, nodus. V. Knurl. 
To NURR, V. n. To growl or snarl, like a dog 

when irritated, Roxb., Gall. 

A.S. gnyrr-an, stridere, to gnash, Somner ; Teut. 
gnorr^-en, knorr'-'en, knerr^en, gruhnire ; frendere^ fre« 
mere ; Su.G. knorr^a, murmurare ; Isl. knurr^a, id. 
Dan. gnurr^er, to growl. Our term has been origi- 
nally the same with £. gnar, also gnarl, to snarl. 
Su.G. knorr^a, id. ; Sax. gnarr^en ; proprie de cani« 
bus hirrientibus. 
NURRIS-BRAID, adv. A word applied to per- 

O B E 

sons who be^ to work in so furious a way 

that they cannot hold on, Boxb. 

Referring, perhaps, to the active exertions of a 
nurse, when she enters on her service. V. Brade, 
to move quickly. 
NURRIT, s. A little insignificant or dwarfish 

?erson, Roxb. V. Nuee. 
erhaps a dimin. from Teut. knorre, tuber, tuber- 
culum, nodus, £. knur, whence knurled, stunted in 
growth. In Dan. however, to which many Border 
words must be traced, noor signifies an embryo. 
Norw. noere puellus, pusio; and nortur, a diminutive 
from the other, homuncio; G. Andr. p. 186. 

My daddy lefl roe gear enough,— 
A nebbed staff, a nuUing^ti/ne, 
A fishing wand with hook and line. 
milie Winkle's Testament, Herd's Coll. ii. 143. 
Qu. if a forked instrument for pulling nuts from 
the tree? r«/ie E., a fork. V. Tynd. 
Nyaffing, part adj. Idle, insignificant, con- 
temptible ; as, " Had your tongue, ye nyaffing 
thing,* Loth. It seems to include the idea of 
chattering. V. Nyaff, v., after Newth. 
To NYAM, V. a. To chew, Ettr. For. 

Gael, cnamh^am has the same meaning ; but this 
must be sounded gnav. 
To NYARG, V. n. To jeer, to taunt, Abred. 

O B E 

Nyaegie, adf. Jeering, ibid. 

Isl. narr-a, ludibrio exponere, narr^az, scurrari. 

NYARGLE, s. « A person fond of disputation,'' 
who " reasons as a fool ;" Gall. Encycl. 

NYAEGLiNG,jwir^.^a. " Wrangling;** ibid. 
It might seem to be compounded of Su.G. ny no- 

vus, and ierg-a obgannire, Isl. jarg-^ contendere, q. 

" taking delight in renewing strife." 

To N Y ARR, Nyaeb, v. n. To fret, to be dis- 
contented, Aberd. 
This liquid sound nearly approaches that of Isl. 

knurr-a murmurare; Teut. knarr^en stridere. 

NY AT, Nyit, s. a smart stroke with the knuc- 
kles ; as, " He gae me a nyit Y the neck;'' Fife. 
Perhaps radically the same with Knotty Noit, aU 
though explained somewhat more strictly. It still 
more nearly resembles Isl. kniat^a, niot-a, feme. The 
origin may be knue, the Isl. term for the knuckles ; 
or perhaps q. neivit, from Neive, the fist. 

To Nyat, v. a. To strike in this manner, ibid. 
To NYATTER, v. n. 1. To chatter. Gall. 
S. To speak in a grumbling and querulous man- 
ner, to be peevish, ibid., Aberd. V. Natteb. 

NyattkeiEjNyatbie, od/. Ill-tempered, crusty^ 

peevish, Aberd. 

A.S. naeddre serpens ; as, dllrie, id., is from ater, 
aetter, venenum ; Isl. nadra, vipera. 


OAFF, OoFF, ad;. Decrepit, worn down with 

disease, Ayrs. 

Isl. qfd, languor. The provincial term is proba^ 
bly allied to £. oaf, a dolt. 
To OAG, V. n. To creep, Shetl. 

Allied perhaps to Isl. ua, verminare. 
OAY, adv. Yes, S. 

This has been mentioned as a word formed from 
Fr. out ; Gl. Surv. Ayrs. p. 69O. 

OBEDIENCIARE, 8. A term applied to 

churchmen of inferior rank. 

— -'' Als the vnhonestie and misreule of kirkmene, 
baithe in witt, knawlege, and maneris, is the mater 
and causs that the kirk and kirkmene are lychtlyit 
and contempnit, for remeid hereof the kingis grace 
exhortis and pray is oppinly all archibischopis, ordi- 
naris, and vthir prelatis, and euery kirkmane in his 
awne degre, to reforme thare selfis & obedienciaris, 
and kirkmene vnder thame in habit and maneris to 
God and mane," &c. Acts Ja. V. 1540, Ed. 1814, * 
p. 370. 

' L.B. obedientiarius occurs in two senses, as denot- 
ing the highest order of Canons belonging to a ca« 
thedral, and also those who were usufructuaries. 1. 
Prima dignitas, ut vocant, inter canonicos Sancti 
Justi Lugduni. Chart. A. 1287* 2. Usufructuarius. 
Du Cange. 


OBEFOIiy prep. Before; q. of before. 

" The mercatt day immediat obefor, ay quhill the 
nixt mercatt day, & sua furth ay as the mercatt 
gangis for the tym." Aberd. Reg. A. 1541, V.' 17. 
To OBEY, V. a. To grant ; « Thai wald obey 
thair supplicatioun.*" Aberd. Reg. A. 1560^ 
V. 24. 
To BE OBE YIT OF, to receive in regular pay- 
ment, to have the full and regular use of. 
— " Hir grace optenit ane decret of the lordis of 
counsale decemjrng and ordanyng hir to be ansuerit 
and obei^it of the malis, fermes, profTetis, and dewi-« 
teis of all landis & lordschippis, and siclik of all cas- 
tellis and houssis, gevin & grantit to hir in dowry 
be vmquhile our souerane lord of guid mynd," &c* 
Acte Mary 1543, Ed. 1814, p. 442. 

This corresponds with the sense of Obedienciare> 
q. V. The term is evidently borrowed from the an- 
cient ecclesiastical institutions. Obedieniiae praeser-. 
tim dictae. Celiac, Praepositurae, etgrangiae, amo« 
nasteriis dependentes, quod monachi ab abbate illuc 
mitterentur vi ejusdem obedientiae, «t earum curam 
gererent, aut eas deservirent. Ad Obedientiam Te^ 
nere, idem quod jure precarioseu usufructuario pos- 
sidere. Hence, the name was transferred to lands or 
territories. Obedientia, regio obediens seu subdita 
alicui principle quae ejus ditionis est. Infra terra t. 

O B S 

O C H 

patrias, daminia, ObedienHas, partus^ &c. Rymer^ A. 
1502. V. Du Cange and Carpentier. 
OBEYSANCE, s. The state of subjection to 

or holding of another, the state of a feudal 

retainer ; an old forensic term. 

'^ This man that this thief or revare is in seruice 
withy — or ynder his obeisance, salbe haldin and ob- 
list to produce and bring him to the law befor the 
j ustice^ schireffis/' &c. Acts Ja.V. 1 536^ Ed. 1 8 1 4^ p.3 5 1 . 

Fr. obeissance, obedience; L.B. obedientia, (also 
obeissantia)homsLgi}iia,ve\ ea quam vassallus erga do- 
minum profitetur obediential seu potius servitium^ 
relevium^ uti accept videtur vox obeissance in Con- 
suet Andegav. Obeissantia occurs in the same sense, 
A. 1264. V. Du Cange.* 
OBERING, s. " A hint; an inkling of something 

important, yet thought a secret ;*" Gall. Encycl. 

• OBJECT, s. One who is very much deformed, 
or who has lost all his ability, or who is over- 
run with sores, S. He's a mert object^ He is a 
perfect lazar. * 

" What !' roars Macdonald — ' Yon puir shaugh- 
lin' in-kneed scray of a thing ! Would ony christian 
body even yon bit obfect to a bonny sonsy weel- 
fiiured young woman like Miss Catline ?" Reg. DaU 
ton, iii. 119. 

This use of the E. term may be viewed as origi- 
nally elliptical, q. an objecl of compassion, or of cha- 
rity, requiring the means of support from others. 

OBIET SILVER, money exacted by the priest, 

during the time of popery, on occasion 01 deatli 

in a family. 

'^ The chaiplanrie of Sanct Marie— -togidder with 
the obiet silver of the said brucht, extending yeirlie 
to the sowme of fourtie shillingis." Acts Cha. I. £d. 
1814, V. 545. V. Abitis. 
To OBLEIS, Oblyse, v. a. To bind, &cj Add; 

The v. has had a similar form in O.E. " Ublydon 
or bynde by worde. Obligo." Prompt. Parv. 
Oblisment, Obleisment, s. Obligation. 

— '^ And likwyis to gif to thame sufficient assig- 
natioun for pament of the rest at reassounable termis 
conforme to thair obUsmeniis and contractis respectiue 
maid with the said Colonell thairvpoun." Acts Ja. 
VI. 1584, Ed. 1814, p. 325. 

'' la all and sundrie heades, articles, claussis, ob* 
letsments, points, passis, circumstancis," &c. Acts 
Cha. I. Ed. 1814, V. 152. V. Obleis, Oblyse, v. 
OBROGATIOUN, s. Abrogation. 

" The obrogatiouH & braking of this gude townis 
ordanans & statutis." Aberd. Reg. A. 1535, V. 15. 

* OBSCURE, ad^. Secret, concealed. 

" In effect we had no certainty where he went, he 
was so obscure" Spalding, ii. 294. 

Milton uses the v. in a similar sense. 
To OBSET, Obsett, v. a. 1. To repair. 

— i**' Skayth thae sustane throw want of the fysche, 
becaus scho had cassin done thair scheill, that thai 
ma obset the samyn on hir." Aberd. Reg. V. l6, 

*' Chargit him in judgment till obselt the skaycht 
done." Ibid. V. 17 ; i. e. to repair the damage. 

'' That he be indettit to obselt the samyn." Ibid. 

Teut op'Sett^en, erigere, tollere ; Dan. opsaeit-er, 
to set, to put up. It had been primarily applied to 
the reparation of the injury done to buildings. 


S. It is sometimes used as equivalent to E. refund. 

« To obseti & refound.^ Ibid. V. 17. 
OBT AKEN, part. pa. Taken up, Aberd. Reg. 
ToOBTEMPER,t7.a. To obey; l?r.obtemper^. 

— " And we decerne the saids haill persons— to' 
dbtemper, fulfill and obey this our determinatioun,' 
&c. Acts Cha. I. Ed. 1814, vol. V. 202. 
OC, OcK, a termination primarily denoting dimi- 
nution, but sometimes expressive of affection, S. 

It is generally applied to animated objects, as in 
the names of children, Jamock, Bessock, Jeanock, See; 
sometimes to young animals, as in Quyach, Queock, 
a young cow, Eirack or Yearock, a hen*pullet ; and 
also to inanimate objects, as Bittock, a little bit, 
Whilock^ a short while, &c. 

I am inclined to think that this termination had 
primarily respected the time of life ; and, as it pre- 
vails most in those counties in which Celtic had been 
the general tongue, that it is from Gael, og young, 
whence oige youth. This term had entered into the 
composition of several words in that language,-^ 
differing from the Scottish use, as being prefixed. 
Thus, in place of Quy-ock, it is og-bho a young cow; 
ogchuUock, a grice, from og young, and cullach a boar 
or sow. According to this analogy, Jamock is merely 
" the young James." In Gael, diminutives are also 
formed by the addition o£ ag; as, from dar dark- 
coloured, ciarag a little dark-coloured' creature. V. 
Stewart's Gael. Gramm. p. 180. 

In the Teutonic dialects, it is well known that k, 
or perhaps ik, marks diminution, as in mennike ho- 
munculus, from man homo. Whether this has a ra^ 
dical affinity to Gael, og, I shall not presume to d^ 
termine. But I strongly suspect that the latter, and 
E. young, have had a common origin. Though this is 
immediately related to A.S. geong, there is reason to 
suppose that the n had been interjected, as it is not 
found in geo^a/A youth, or Moes.G.y»^ga young. 

Somner has called the A.S. termination ing a pa- 
tronymic. But there can be little doubt that it is 
merely a modification of the word signifying young, 
which appears not only in the form o£ geong, but of 
ging. Thus Aetheling is merely ''the young noble;" 
q. aetkel'ging, 

I may add that, as Boxhom gives C.B. Aqgg as 
signifying parvulus, and Owen renders og " young, 
youthful ;" we may view these terms as originally 
the same with Gael. og. 
OCCASIOUN, 8. Setting. 

'' He came nocht quhil ane litil afore the occa* 
sioun of the sun." Bellend. T. Li v. p. 87. 

Lat. occas-'Us, O.Fr. occase; coucher de soleil. 
OCCASION, *. A term used, especially among 

the vulgar, to denote the dispensation of the 

Sacrament of the Supper, S. 

'' It is no uncommon thing for servants when they 
are being hired, to stipulate for permission to at- 
tend at so many sacraments — or, as they style them 
in their way-'-occasions; exactly as is elsewhere cus- 
tomary in regard to fairs and wakes." Peter's Let- 
tors, iii. d06« 

''Mr. Janer thought that the observe on the great 
doctor Drystour was very edifying ; and that they 
should see about getting him to help at the summer 
occasion." Ayrs. Legatees, p. 18. 
OCR HOW yinterj. Ah, alas, S. 

O D I 

O E R 

" But ock kOfD ! this was the last happy sumitoer 
that we had foi* many a year in the parish." Annals 
of the Parish^ p. 140. 
OCIOSITE', *. Idleness; 1.bX. otiosit^as. 

I— -purposit^ for passing of the tyme. 

Me to defend from ociosite. Lyndsay*s Dreme. 
OD, interim A minced oath ; one of the many 

corruptions of the name of God^ S. 

* ODD, used as a J. To go^ or gae to the odd, to 

be lost. 

" He'll let nothing go to the odd for want of looking 

after it," S. Prov. ; " Spoken of scraping, careful 

people." Kelly, p. l65. 

ODDS AND ENDS, 1. Scraps, shreds, remnants, 
S. ; synon. Orrows, " Odda-on-eetidsj odd trif- 
ling things ;"" Clav, Yorks. Dial. 

ft. Small pieces of business, which properly con- 
stitute the termination of something of more 
consequence; as, a man is said to collect the 
odds and ends of the debts owing to him, when 
these are trifling, or only balances remaining 
after payment of the principal sums, S. 

ODER, frequently used in the sense of either ^ 
Aberd. Reg. V. Otuib, canj* 

ODIN. Promise of Odin,] 
Insert, col. 2. after 1. 36 ; 

A different account has been given of the use of 
these perforated stones, as found in Cornwall. Strutt, 
speaking of Rocking Stones, says : 

" Add to these huge stones with holes made in 
them, that are often found in Cornwall, and other 
parts of the kingdom, ii'hich Mr. Borlase does not 
take to be sepulchral, but that the Druids caused 
them to be erected for some religious purposes : and 
tells us of the abolishment of an old custom, from a 
French author, Q*on nefasse point passer le betailpar 
un arbre creux (that they should not make their cattle 
pass through the trees with holes in them) and adds 
that men crept through one of those perforated stones 
in Cornwall, for pains in their backs and limbs : pa- 
rents also drew their children through at certain 
times of the year, to cure them of the rickets. So 
he fancies that they are faint remains of the old 
Druid superstition, who held great stones as sacred 
and holy." Strutt's Angel-cynnan, i. 62. 

Borlase thinks that some of these perforated stones 
had been originally used^ according to the tradition 
mentioned above. 

" By some large stones standing in these fields, I 
judge there have been several circles of stones erect> 
besides that which is now entire ; and that these be« 
longed to those circles, and were the detached stones 
to which the antients were wont to tye their victims, 
whilst the priests were going through their prepa- 
ratory ceremonies, and ^making supplications to the 
gods to accept the ensuing sacrifice." Antiquities 
of Cornwall, p. 170. 

* ODIOUS, adj\ Used as a mark of the super- 
lative degree, Meams. ; synoD. with Byous, 

ODISMAN, OdmaN) s. A term used to denote 
a chief arbiter, or one called in to ^ve a decisive 
voice when the original arbiters cannot agree. 
— '' Takand the burding on thame for dame Eli- 
zabeth Stewart,— and for the tutouris and curatouris 


of the said Margaret Stewart^ &c. Referrit b€ the 
saidis pairteis to certane indifferent personis and 
freindis, and to our souerane lord as ouris man and 
odisman," &c. Acts Ja. VI. 1581, £d. 1814, p. 280. 

*' In caiss ony variance result vpounthe premissis, 
quhairthrow the said noble men sail not happin to— 
aggre amangis thame selffis, then thei sail report in 
presens of his maiestie, — quharethrow his hines as 
odman and owrisman commonlie chosin be baith the 
saidis partijs^-^may gif finall dedsioun," &c Ibid, 
p. 231. 

'^ Odman and ourman anens the clame." Aberd* 
Reg. V. 16. 

From odd, adj. or odds, s. and man ; q. he who 
makes the inequality in number, in order to settle 
a difference between those who are equally divided* 
Odwomak, s, A female chosen to decide, where 

the arbiters in a cause may be equally divided* 

'^ And alsua ane vther decreit arbitrall — be certane 
honorable jugeis chosin be the saidis pairteis and 
vmquhile the quene our souerane lordis derrest mo- 
der as odtvoman and ourwomen ^ourwoman.^" Acts 
Ja. VI. 1587, Ed. 1814, p. V. Odisman. 

OE, Oy, Oye, s. A grandson, S.] Add; 

" She led her oy Charles, son to the marquis, he* 
ing but a bairn, w^ith Robert Gordon baillie of En- 
yie, to be entertained by him, when she came frae 
the Bog." Spalding, i. SIO. 
S. It is still used, in the county of Mearns, to 

denote a nephew. 

" Nepos, a nephew or oye." Wedderbum's Vo-» 
cabula, &c. p. 11. 

Lhuyd gives Ir. ua, whence our oe, as correspond- 
ing with nepos, and signifying, not only grandchild, 
but nephew. 
O'ERBY, adv. Over ; denoting motion from one 

place to another at no great distance from it, S. 
Quo' she unto the sheal step ye o'erby, 

Ross's Helenore, p. 76. 
Quo' I to aunty, I'll o'erby 

To luckydady. W. Beaitu^s Tales, p. 5. 

" Robbie came o'erby ae gloamin', an' begude a 
crackin'." Campbell, i. 331. 

Inby signifies approximation, but to a place just 
at hand ; whereas o'erby conveys the idea that, in 
drawing near, a considerable space must be gone 
o\)er. V. InbV. 

OVERCOME,*. 1. The overplus.] Add; 
S. The burden of a song, or discourse, S. 
A wee bird came to our ha' door. 
He warbled sweet and clearly ; 
And aye the o'ercome o' his sang 

Was " Waes mie fbr Prince Charlie I" 

Jacobite Reiics, ii. 19^. 

" A new difierence of opinion rose, and necessi<« 
tated him to change the burden and o'ercome of his 
wearisome speeches." The Provost, p. 193. 
S. A byeword, a hackneyed phrase, one frequent- 
ly used by any one, S. 

** The graCe o' a grey bmmock is the baking o't.' 
That was aye her o'ercome" Saxon and Gad, i. 
108, 109. 
O'ERCOME, j9. Somethmg that overwhelms 

one, Ayrs. 

'''The tale of this pious and resigned spirit dwelt 


O I G 

in mine ear> and when I went home, Mrs. Balquhid- 
der thought that I had met with an overcome, and 
was very uneasy." Ann. of the Parish, p. 1 74. 
To O'EREND, v. a. To turn up, to turn over 

endwise ; spoken of things that have greater 
* length than breadth or thickness, Loth. 
To Cerend, Ceken^ tj. n. To be turned topsy- 

turvy, q. Over-end, Loth., Ayrs. 

" I could hear the muckle amrie, stenning f stend- 
ing, i. e. springing] an' o'erenning downjthe brae, a' 
the way to the Mar-burn, whar it fizzed in the water 
like a red hot gad o' aim." Blackw. Mag. Nov. 1 820, 
p. 202. 

To O'ERGAE, O'ergane. V. Ocirgae. 
O'ERGAFFIN, part adj. Clouded, overcast, 
Roxb. ; perhaps from A.S. cver-gan obtegere. 
0'ERYEED,pre<. Overpassed, went bey ond,S.B. 
There me they left, and I, but ony mair, 
Gatewards, my lane, unto the glen gan fkre. 
And ran o'er pow'r, and ere I bridle drew, 
Oert/Qed a' bounds afore I ever knew. 

Ross's Helenore, p. SI. V. Yede. 
To O'ERHING, v. a. To overhang, S. 
A rock hangs nodding o'er its chrystal stream. 
And flowers. Narcissus-like, it's wave* o'erhing. 

Poetical Museum, p. 45, 

OFF-CAP, s. A term used to denote the com- 
pliment paid by the act of uncovering the head. 
** Men will seeme to salute other gladly, and yet 
the harts will be wishing the worst : in harts they 
are enemies to other, and so commonly all their do- 
ings, becking, and off-cap, and good dayes ; both all 
dieir words and deeds are fained." Bollock on 2 
Thes. p. 170. 
OFF-COME, s. 1. Apology, excuse, S. 

" We thought it the surest way, either for remov* 
ing of differences, (if possible), or for the ftirther 
clearing of them, or giving us the fairer off-come in 
the eyes of the world, to make this proposal to the 
foresaid ministers, that they together by themselves 
would draw up the sins of the times, and we toge- 
ther would do the like." Society Contend, p. 179. 
2. It often denotes an escape in the way of sub- 
terfuge or pretext, S. V. Affcome, which is 
the common pronunciation. 
OFFENSIOUN, s. Injury, damage. 

'' Gif ony of — ^thair boitschipping war convict in 
ony wrang, strublens, or offensioun done to ony per- 
sone." Aberd. Reg. V. I6. 

This word is used by Chaucer. 
OFFER, s. Offer of a brae, the projecting part 
of the bank of a river, that has been under- 
mined by the action of the water, Roxb. Synon. 

As Isl. o^«a signifies minitari, it might seem to sig-> 
nify that part of a bank which has a threatening ap- 
pearance. Or it might appear to be merely an ellip- 
tical use of A.S. ofer, Su.G. oefwer, super, as denoting 
that part of the bank which hangs over. But it seems 
to be undoubtedly the A.S. term ofer, qfre, margo, 
ora, crepido, ripa ; " a water-bank," Somner. Uppan 
ihaes waetres of re ; Super aquae ripam ; Lye. The 
Teut. exactly corresponds ; oe(7er, litus^, acta ; ripa ; 


OFP-FALLING, *. A declension. It is often 
used of one who declines in health or external 
appearance ; also in a moral sense, S. 
OFF-FALLER, a. One who declines from any 
course, an apostate. 

" For the Lord's sake mind worthless, worthless 
me, who am as a dead man of a long time, separate 
from my brethren, and shot at, yea bitterly shot at, 
by all ranks of off-f alters from the cause of God." 
Hamilton to Renwick, Society Contendings, p. 40. 

Belg. afvaU-en, to fell off, to revolt ; afvalling, a 
falling off, a defection. 

OFF-GOING, s. Departure ; applied to one's 
exit by death, S. 

" Mr. Wellwood said. You'll shortly be quit of 
him, and he'll get a sudden and sharp off-going , and 
ye will be the first that will take the good news of his 
death to heaven." Walker's Remark. Passages, p. 35. 
OFFICEMAN, «. l.A term used to denote 
janitors, or the like, employed under the pro- 
fessors in a university. 

'* The haill fruittis, &c. to be employit to the in- 
tertenement and sustentatiounof themaisteris,teach- 
earis, and office-men, serwand in the saidis collegis." 
Acte Ja. VL 1597, Ed. 1814, p. 148. 
S. Employed in a more honourable sense, as de- 
noting office-bearers abouta court, or in a burgh. 
— " Thair he tuik vp hous with all office men re- 
quisite for his estate." Pitacottie's Cron. p. 312. 

*^ The Magistratts and office men, sic as the Pro« 
vest, Baillies, Dean of Guild and Thesaurer, to be 
in all tymes comeing of the est^^itt and calling of mer« 
chants conform to the act of parliament." A. 1583, 
Maitl. Hist Edin. p. 230. 
OFFICI AR, 8, An officer of whatever kind. 

'* The Faderis— descendit haistilie fra thair trone, 
to have supportit this qfficiare,** Bellend. T. Liv. 
p. 149, 150, 

OFFSKEP, 8. The utmost boundary in a land- 
scape, Selkirks. 

Resembling off, as denoting removal, and Su.G. 
skap-a formare ; q. " the remote form." 
OGIE, 8. A vacuity before the fire-place in a 
kiln, the same as Logic, KiUogie. Ogie is com- 
monly used in the higher parts of Lanarks., often 
without the term kill being prefixed. 
This would indicate that Kill-ogie were formed 
from Su.G. kuln a kiln, and oega, Isl. auga, oculus ; 
also foramen, q. " the eye of the kill." KiU-ee, (i. e. 
eye,) is synon. with KiUogie, South of S. 
OGRIE, s. A giant with very large fiery eyes, 

supposed to feed on children, Roxb. 
Ogress, 8, A female ^ant, who has the same 
characters, ibid. 

Isl. uggir timer, from og-a terrere ; whence S. 
^SS' ^^^ ^^ designation may have originated from 
the traditionary tales concerning Oger, Olger or Hol- 
ger, the Dane; whose name, says Bartholin, was fa*^ 
miliar not only with Danes, but with Norwegians, 
Icelanders, Swedes, Germans, Britons, and French.. 
Diss. Histor. de Holgero, app. S55, ap. Oelrich. He 
flourished in the time of Charlemagne. 
OIG, a term connected with the names of per^ 
soQS in the Highlands Qf g. 

O L O 

O N C 

— '^ Approues the charter— to vmql Archibald 
Makclachp^ine of that ilk — ^to vmq^. Lauchlane oi£f 
Makclauchlane his brother sone ; — ^to the said vmqX 
Lauchlane oig and his airs male/' &c. Acts Cha. I. 
Ed. 1814, vol. V. 141. 

This seems equivalent to younger in £. Gael. Ir. 
olge id. Oig indeed signifies a champion. But this 
sense does not apply here. V. Oc, Ock. 
OYILL, s. Oil ; Aberd. Reg. 
OYNE, s. An oven. 

'' Ilk burges of the Kingis may haue ane oyne 
within his awin ground, andna utherbotthe Kingis 
burges." Balfour's Practicks, p. 49. V. OoN. 
To OYNT, Oyhnt, v, a. To anoint.] Add; 

It is also O.E. " I oynt, le oyngie. — May butter 
is holsom to oynt many thyngis with all." Palsgr, 
B. iii. F. 308, a. 
OISIE, inter}. Used in Galloway as expressive 

of wonder, or as a note of attention. It seems 

originally the same with Oyes. V. Hoyks. 
OYSMOND. Oysmond Ime^ iron of a particu- 
lar description. 

" Twabarrellis of Oysmond Irne." Aberd. Reg.V.l 6. 

" Iron called Osmonds, the stane— xx s." Rates, A. 
l6ll. From Osmiana, a town in Lithuania? 
OKRAGARTH, s, A stubble-field, Shetl. 

Apparently from Su.G. aaker, pron. oker, corn- 
land, seges, and garth an inclosure. 

For Olai Lex. Run. (in several places) Read, Olavii. 
OLD MAN'S FOLD, a portion of ground de- 

voted to the devil. V. Goodman, sense 8. 
OLD MAN'S MILK, "a composition of cream, 

eggs, sugar, and whisky, used by the High- 
landers'' after a drinking-matcli, S. 

*^ Flora made me a bowl of ould man's milk, but 
nothing would bring me round." Saxon and Gael, 
ii. 78, 79. 
OLD WIFE'S NECESSARY, a tinder-box ; 

Gipsey language. South of S. 
OLICK, s. The torsk or tusk, a fish ; Gadus 

callarias, Linn. ; Shetl. 
OLIGHT, Olite, adf, 1. Nimble, fleet, active, 

S.B.] Add; 
^. This term is, in Fife, understood as properly 

signifying, willing to do any thing. 

This is nearly allied to the sense of cheerful, which 
is conjoined with that of active, as both expressed 
by this term in Galloway and Clydes. 
OLIPHANT, s. An elephant.] Add; 

O.E. "olyphant, a beest;" C^r.] oliphant; Palsgr. 
B. iii, F. 51. " Olyphant Elephas." Prompt Parv. 
OLLATH, aty. Willing to work, Perth.; Olied, 


Evidently the same with OUght, pronounced Old, 
or dial, in Angus. The sense also corresponds. For 
the rvillingness implied by the term is that of promp* 
titude in bodily exertion* 
OLOUR, s. 

*^ The cause quhy the swannis multiply is sa fast in 
this loch is throw ane herbe namyt oUmr, quhilk bu- 
rionis with gret fertilite in the said loch." Bellend. 
Descr. Alb. c. viii. 

This respects the loch of Spynie in Moray. Boe- 
thius says that this herb receives its name from Aic^ 


U)r, a swan^ because swans are extremely fond of its 



This ludicrous term, (in £• omnium'gatherum,) is 
more ancient than one might have supposed. 

*^ With him he brought some oringes, some rea- 
singes, sum bisqueat bread, some powder, some bul- 
let, and so o£ omnigaddarin he broght a maledictione 
to fumeis Dumbartoun." Bannatyne's Journal, A. 
1570, p. 38. 
It occurs also in Legend Bp. St Androis, p. 332, 
Of his auld sermon he had perquier.— 
Of anmigatherene now his glose. 
He maid it lyk a Wealchman hose. 

OMPERFITELY, adv. Imperfectly. 

" Praeterito imperfecto, tjnme omperfilely hygane, 
cum amarem» qwhen I Iwfit— Tyme present and 
otnper/ilely bygane, amare, to Iwfe." Vans' Rudi- 
menta, B.b. 1. 

ON, 1 . Used in composition as a negative parti- 
cle.] Add; 

It frequently occurs in O.E. " I come to a man's 
place on looked for, on bydden, on welcome, as a ma- 
lapert felo we dothe;" Pdbgr. '' Onable, Inhabilis.— • 
Onauysed. Improuisus. Ondedly, Immortalis," &c. 
Prompt. Parv, 

2. Often used in connexion with the present or past 
participle of the substantive verb, hemg or heen^ 
preceding the past participle of anomer verb, 
S. ; as, ^^ Couidna ye mind, on hemg tatdd sa 
aften ?"" Could not you recollect, without being 
so frequently told ? 

Been is frequently used in the same sense, Aberd.; 
as, " Couidna ye mind, on been iauldV &c. But I 
suspect that this is merely the part pr., which assiunes 
the form of the past from rapid pronunciation, and 
the common elision of the final g. 

ON-BEAST, 8, iJ. The tooth-ache, S.B.] Add; 

Unbeast, id. Ayrs. Gl. Surv. i4(f(f, four lines below; 

This ridiculous idea may possibly have originated 
from the appearance of the nerve in a tooth, when it 
is pulled. It seems, however, to have been very ge-i 
nerally diffused. From the account which Brand gives 
of a charm used for the tooth-ache, it has evidently 
reached the Orkney islands. 

" Some years ago," he says, " there was one who 
used this charm, for the abating the pain of one living 
in Eda, tormented therewith; and tho' the action was 
at a distance, the charmer not being present with the 
patient, yet according to the most exact calculation 
of the time, when the charm was performed by the 
charmer, there fell a living worm out of the patient's 
mouth, when he was at supper. This my mformer 
knew to be a truth, and the man from whose mouth 
it fell is yet alive in the isle of Sanda." Descr. of 
Orkn. p. 62. 

ONBRAW, ad;, 1. Ugly, not handsome, Clydes. 
2. Unbecoming ; as, " an onbraw word,^ ibid. 
Onbrawness, 8*, Ugliness, ibid. 
ONCOME, 8. 1. A fall of rain or snow, S.] Add; 
2. The commencement of a business, especially of 

one that requires great exertion, as m making 

an attack, Fife. 

" I houp we'll hae a gude aficome.'— ' I'm for the 


O N Y 

good oneome,*^Ate§t for the afisoini^.'' Tennant's 
Card. BeaUm^ p. 1^6. 

*' Good oHcam^* may aignify successful attack. 
3. An attack of disease, South of S. 

'^ This woman had acquired a considerable repu- 
tation among the ignorant by the pretended cures 
which she performed^ especially in an-comes, as the 
Scotch call them, or mysterious diseases which ba£9e 
the regular physician/' Bride of Lammermoor^ iii. 44. 

This is apparently synon. with Income. 
ONCOST, s. ^ Extra expence, additional ex- 
pence, Fife.] Jddi 

** The general price paid for working coals is from 
two to three shillings per ton ; and the selling price 
for the same quantity, upon the hill, is 6s. 8d., which 
yields but a very small return to the coal-^master, on 
account of the oyerpowering contingent expenses 
known in collieries by the name of OncattJ' Agr. 
Surv. Clackmannans. p. 401. V. Uncost. 
ONDER, prep. Under ; Aberd. Reg. 
ONDING, s, A fall of rain or snow!] Add; 
Syne honest luckie does protest 

That rain well hae. 
Or ending o' some kind at least, 
Afore't be day. 

The Farmer's Hc^, st I9. 

^' Look out, Jock, what night is't?' ' Onding o' 
anaw, father/— < They'll perish in the drifts." Heart 
M. Loth. i. 197* 
Okdingin, #/ Rain olr snow ; as, '^ Therein be 

a heap o^ ondingvn ;^ S.B. - 

ONDISPONIT APOUN, not disposed of by 

sale or otherwise. 

*^ And that he, with thar avisis, gif thar be ony of 
thar gudis in place ondisponii apoun, — considre the 
sammyn. And safer as the saidis gudis ar of avale, 
that he deliuer thaim to the said Patrik." Act. Dom. 
Cone. A 1 48S, p. 93. 

1*0 ONDO, V. a. The same with E. undoy Aberd. 
It wad hae made your heart fu' sair^ 

Gin ye had only seen him ; 
An't had na been for Davy Mair, 

The rascals had ondune hira. 
Christmas Baling, Skinner* s Misc. Poet, p. ISO. 
Pron. ondeen. A.S. ondon, Teut. ontdo-en, id. 

IONDREYD, paH. pa. 

*' And cam nocht to be ondreyd be him thairof." 
Aberd. Reg. A. 1555, V. 15. 


Among the many rh3nnes preserved by children^ 
especially as a sort of lottery for regulating their 
games, the foUowing seems to have been, wiu some 
variations, common to Scotland and England. 
One«erie, two»erie, tickerie, seven. 
Alibi, crackerie, ten or eleven: 
Pin, pan, muskledan. 
Tweedledum, twaddle-um, twenty-one. 
This is the mode 6f repetition in LoUi. In the 
north of S. it is— £en*erie> twa-erie, tickerie, &c. 
In the county of Surrey thus : 

One-erie, two«'eiie, tickerie, seven, 
Allabone, crackabone, ten or eleven ; 
Pot, pen, must be done ; 
Tweedle-come, tweedle-come, twenty«one. 
Honest John Bull's mode has a greater approzi<k 
Vol. IL 169 

mation to commoB sense. For although ha finds only 
a honCi he is determined to have the marrow out of it. 
One might alm€)St suppose that this had been trans-i 
mitted from the ancient Belgae of Britain, q. een^reye 
or rije, one line or series, firom een unUs, and retft, 
rjfe, ryghe, lineat ordo, series; chorea. 
ONEFILIT, paH. adj. Undeiiied, Aberd. Reg. 
ONE LATE, ado. Of late, lately. 

-^'' The said Androvis charted is, evidentis, & let^ 
tree, quhilk he haid of the landis of Ballegerno, wer 
tynt one late, & the sells tharof cuttit & distroyit.'' 
Act. Dom. Conc« A. 1497> p« 191 ; i. e. on late. 
ON-ENDYT, part. pa. Not terminated ; a term 

applied in our oldefi times in S. to the infinitive 


" Infinitive modo. On endyi or determyt mode to 
nowmyr or persone/' Vans' Rudiment. Bb. ij, b. 

It is to be observed that the negative on is to be 
viewed as equally connected with determyt as with 
ONE-VSIT, part. pa. Not being used. 

''Because thesaid Normond[^Ledlie^&e. wald nocht 
abyd atthair awne artiklis,he now — reproducit the 
ansueris of the saidis articlis, the said remissioune 
blank, & obligatioune one the samyne sort as thai 
ressauit the samin, without ony innovatioune p. e. al<* 
teration^ one vsit." Acts Mary 1 546, Ed. 1 8 1 4, p. 472. 
ONFA^ 0^ the ntcA^the fall of evening, Roxb. ; 

Gloamin ff^on. 
But or the onfa & the nieht^ 
She fand him drown'd in Yarrow. Old Songi 
ONFALL, s. A fall of rain or snow.] Add; 

'' The snow lay thick on tbfe ^ound at the time; but 
the onfall had ceased." A3rr Courier, Feb. 1, 1821. 
ONFEEL, adi. Unpleasant^ disagreeable, im-i 

plying the idea of coarseness or roughness ; as, 

" an on/eel day f"^ " OTt/eel words,'' &c. Teviotd. 

Perhaps from A.S. on privative, and^e^n, tan«i 
gere, to feel ; q. disagreeable to the toudi. But V. 
Fbel, Feele, adj. 
ON-FORGEWIN, part. pa. Not paid, not disi 

charged. " He sell pay viij sh. onfargewin.^ 

Aberd. Reg. A. 1641, V. 17. 
ONFRACK, ad;. Not active, not alert ; used as 

to the state of the body. Loth. ; On/eirief Uiu 

fert/y synon. V. Fback. 
ONGELT, Ongilt, part. pa. Not gilded. 

" Item, four harnessingis of blak velvett, thre o^ 
thame with stuthis and bukkillis all ourgilt, and ane 
of thame ongeU. Item, five harnessingis of cram- 
medy velvett, foure of thame with stuthis and buk- 
killis, ourgilt with gold, and ane of thame ongUt/^ 
Inventories, A. 1539, p« 58. V. On. 
ONGOINGS, Okgains, Procedure.] Add; 

'' t n the quiet ongoiHgs of that little world, there had 
iio doubt been stoppage and delay; but most of the 
hearths burned as before." M. L3mdsay, p. 894. 

'' A^ha the sorrow's that duntin' at my lug wi' a 
^te hamnler ? — Davie, ye scamp, that's some o' your 
ongaens." St. Kathleen, iii. l62. 

Ongangins is used in the same sense, Dumfr. 
ONHABILL,a^'. Unfit,or unable', Aberd.R%. 
Oky oaT£, in any place, S. 

'^ If we're no sae bien and conifbrtld>le as we w^re 
up yonder, yet life's life ony gate, and we're wi' de« 


X) N M 

O N S 

cent kirk-gftnging folk o'youtainpenuasiQn." Tales 
of my Landlord, ii. l65, l66. 

It properly signifies " in any way." 
Ony how, or At ony how, at any rate, S.A. 

*< When he was fairly mastered, after one or two 
desperate and almost convulsionary struggles, Hat- 
teraick lay perfectly still and silent ; ' He's gaun to 
die game ony how,' said Dinmont ; ' weel, I like him 
na the waur o' that." Guy Mannering, iii. 294. 

" If you cannot come yourself, and the day should 
be wat, send Nanny Eydent, the mantua-maker, with 
them; you'll be sure to send Nanny ony Aon;." Black w. 
Mag. June 1 820, p. 262. 
ONKENNABLE, adj. Unknowable, Clydes. 

" While we war stannan upo' stappan-stanes, swi« 
theran what to do, we war suprisit wi' the soun' of 
an onkennable nummer of sma' bells, a' tinkle*tink- 
lan." Edin. Mag. Sept. 1818, p. 156. 
ONEER, 8, A small, portion of land, ArgyleSb 

— '^ Charged to give up ane rental of the said piece 
of ground, which he cannot doe, being only a little 
onker of land not worth the rentalUng." Law Paper. 

Isl. angVi angur, signifies a tongue of landj sinus 
vel lingula terrae, locus scilicet angustus, G. Andr, 
Haldorson ; Germ. aiij[«r,planities,' Su.G. CLeng, wang, 
arvuni conseptum, quod alternis seritur. Norw. anger 
IS explained by Dan. landtiraekning, i. e. atractof land. 

ONLAYING, 8. Imposition. 

'* Gif he had onie callmg, it vaa ather ecctraordi- 
nar,— or ellis ordinar, quhairbie ane lauchfullie callit 
pastorecallis another be the sacrament of Ordour, and 
ofUaifing of handis," Nicol fiume, F. 126, a, 

ONLAND, or UNLAND, s. A designation of 

land occurring in some ancient charters, Aberd. 
ON LIFE, On lyff, Onlyff, Onlyve, alive. 
And gif he war on life quhil now in fere. 
He had bene euin eud with the, and hedy p^re. 

Doug. Virg^ p. 84. 

'* All and sindriepersonis yet an Itgff quhiUds wer 
prouidit to benefices or pensionis," &c. Acts Ja, VL 
1585, Ed. 1814, p. 384. 

Sometimes the terms are conjoined. 

** It salbe lefuU to euerie ane of the saidis personis 
foirfaltit yitbeing on/j^ and to the airis, successouris, 
baimis and posteritie of thame quhilkis ar departed, 
to succeid to thair predicesaouris," &c. Ibid. 

" The personis foirfaltit, — sa monie as ar onlyve-^ 
sail be restorit," &c. Ibid. p. 386. 

This is completely A.S. Tha he on life waes; Quum 
ille in vita erat; Matt. 27* 63. Gower and Chaucer 
use on Hue and on lyue in the same sense. This, as 
Tooke has shewn, is the origin of the. E. adv. aliven 

ONLOUPING, 8. The act of getting on horse. 

back, S. 

'^ The commissioner — ^goes to horse toward Ha- 
milton ; but at his onlouping the earl of Argyle, the 
earl of Rothes, and Lord Lindsay, three pillars of the 
covenant, had some private speeches with him, which 
drew suspicion that he was on their side." Spalding's 
Troubles, i. 91. 

Germ, anlauf '^ a spring, a leap, or jump ;** Lud<« 
wig. V. Loup oh, v. a, 

ON MARROWS, sharers in a joint concern ; as, 
" We're on marrows wi' ane anither i^ Roxb, 
V« Mabrow, 8. 

ONNAWA YES, a<fo. In no wise. 

— '' That this acte and ordinance ofuutwayes horte 
nor preittge the lordis of Sessioun and Coll^;e of Jus- 
tice and thair memberis/' &c« AcU Ja. VI. 1587,^ 
£d. 1814, p. 447. 

" Yitt the rest of the lordis onnowajfes could be con- 
tent that he [^Lord Hamiltoun^ sould have any pre- 
heminence so long as the queine keiped her widow 
head, and bir bodie deane from licherie." Pitscot- 
tie's Cron. p. 284. 

Through this edition of Pkscottie it Is generally 
printed onofrcrye^, which mars the meaning of the term. 

This corresponds with the A.S. idiom, on being 
used for in ; Ofi nane nnsany nuUo modo ; On aelle 
wise, omnimodo ; from nnse, nK>dus, mos. As i»ur 
writers generally use the form here exemplified, we 
must bear, as patiently as possible, the gruff censure 
of Dr. Johns, on this orthography ; " This is com.« 
monly spoken and written by ignorant barbarians, 
noways." He had not observed, that the A.Saxont 
occasionally employed the term waeg, a way^ as sy«« 
non. with wise a manner ; as, eaUe waega, omnibus 
modis. Leg. Aethelst Pref. 2. 
ON ON, prep. On, upon ; a reduplication very 

common among the vulgar, S. 
And syn ilka tait maun be heckled out throw^ 
The lint putten ae gait, anither the tow, 
Syn on on a rock wi't, and it taks a low ; 
The back of my hand to the spinning o't 

Boss's Book and Wee Pickle Tow. 

I need scarcely say that the sense^ as here used^ ia 

?uite different from that ofonon mentimed, vo. Onane^ 
>N PAST, not having passed, or gone forward. 

'* To returne hame onpasi to the tryst ;" i.e. with^ 
out having gone to the place of meeting, or to fulfil 
an engagement previously made ; Aberd. Reg. A. 
1541, V. 17. 
ON-SETT, Onsette, s. A term anciently used 

in S. to denote the messuage or manor-house of 

a barony. 

" Valentine Leigh, in his buik of surveying of 
lands, affirmis viesswtgium to be the tenement or land» 
arable ; and the dwelling-house or place, or court«i 
hall thereof, to be called sit, from the I^tine silus : 
quhilk we call the seat, or on-seUe.** Skene, Verb. 
Sigh. vb. Messuagium. 

This term occurs in an act of parliament, but in 
such connexion that it is doubtfu}, whether the man- 
ner of the landholder, or the steading of the tenant^ 
be meant. If the latter, onseli must in this instance 
be viewed as synon. with onstcad^ 

''That euery mane spirhuale and tempmrale within 
this realme, havand ane hundrethe pund landof new 
extent be yeir — oauss euery tennent of tiiare landlsj, 
that hes the samin in tak and assedacioune, to plant 
vpoune thare onseli yerehe for euery merk kmdeane 
tree." Acts Ja. V. 1534 £d. 1814, p. 34S. Onset, 
£d, 1 b66, Fol. 1 1 9> a. 

— '^ All and haiU the — ^landts of Ravelrig, with 
houssis, biggingis, yairdis, orehairdii, toftis, croftis^ 
onseiiis, outsettis,"&c. ActsCha. I.Ed. 1814, V. 6S*7. 

A.S. on-^aet mcubnit ; <msiiting babitatto, imde on^ 
set apud Northymbros,, mansum, toftam, togurium^ 
significans ; Lye. The latter part of the word is found 
in Su.G. saete sedes, whence saeteri villa nobilium^ 
hoegsaetei sedes primaria* 

O N W 

ONSETTAR, s. One who roakes an attack or 

OTiset on another. 

" That the saidis persones makeris of the saidia 
tuilyeis and combaltis eftir dew tryell that they war 
the first onsettaris, — sail be takin, apprehendit and 
wairdit for yeir and day." Acts Ja. VI. l600^ Ed. 
1814, p. 240. 

ONSETTI J«r, part aif. Applied to one whose 
appearance is far from being handsome, Roxb. 
Tent. cfU-'itU'en, male disponere. V. Set, t^. to 
become one. 
ONSETTING, s. An attack, an assault 

*^ He hes maid diuerss otueitingis & prouocacioutiis 
on hym." Aberd. Reg. A. 1541, V. 17. 
ONSLAUGHT,*. Abloody fray or battle, Roxb. 
This word, although O.E., as denoting an attack 
or onset, is obsolete in English writing. A.S. on* 
slag-an, incutere, impingere. 
ONSLAUGHT, a. Apparently, release. 

** The Swedens disappointed of their onslaught, 
retired after his Majestie to their leaguer, and hav- 
ing put a terror to the enemies armie, by this defeat, 
he did get some days longer continuation to put all 
things in good order against their coming.*' Monro's 
Exped. P. ii. p. 52. 

The meaning is, they did not, as they expected^ 
BO defeat the enemy, as to release themselves from 
the necessity of defending die town of Werben. Thia 
word seems to have been used merely by our mili- 
tary men, who had served on the continent ; Teut. 
cnUlagh dimissio, remissio, solutio; Belg. ontslag dis- 
charge, release ; from ont-^la-en, solv ere, absolvere,&c. 
ONSTEAD, *. A steading.] Add; 

^ This group of houses, a farmstead and cottages, 
DOW become ruinous, was, it is said, chosen by Ram« 
say for Gland's Onslead, and the habitation of the two 
rural beauties Peggy and Jenny. — The remains of 
these houses exactly agree with the description of 
Claud's Onstead" &c. Notes to Pennecuick's Tweed, 
p. 150, 131. 

Onstead, A.Bor. '' a single farm-house ;" Grose. 
ON-STOWIN, part. pa. Unstolen, Aberd. Reg. 

'' There are also many ontjetks, i. e. small parcels 
df ground lately inclosed from the common, and set 
to a tenant for money rent only." P. Aithsting, 
ShetL Stat Ace. V. 581. 

This must surely be an erratum for outsets, 
** When a part of the common is enclosed and 
farmed, the enclosure is called an outset; but the out- 
sets are never included in the numeration of merks 
of rental land." Edmonston's Zetl. Isl. i. 147> 148. 
ON TO, or TILL. WeU or Geylies on tiO^ well 

nigh to, S.B. 
ONTRON, s. " Evening;" Gl. Surv. Ayrs. p. 

693* V. Orntrek. 
ON-WAITER, 8. 1. One who waits patiently 

for any thing future.] Add ; 
% One who attends anotlier for the purposes of 

'' That they — and their fishers onnmkers and ser- 
vants attending the fishing bussines — sail not be ar« 
rested," &c. Acts Cha. L Ed. 1814, V. 245. 
ONWAITTING, s. Attendance. 



'^ And sicklike, thair is spedall allowance grantit 
to the said Eustachius for his seruice and onwaitttng 
in setting fordward the said wark, fra the tyme that 
he sail enter to the bigging of the pannis vnto the 
four compleit pannis be furneist day lie," &c. Acts 
Ja. VI. 1599, Ed. 1814, p. 183. 
ONWAITING, adj. Of or belonging to aU 


— '' His own faction— had sent him over as their 
commissioner, — and had allowed him 4000 merks 
for his oHwaiiing charges and expenses." Spalding, 
i. 3S5, (2d.) 

ONWYNJE, in the proverbial phrase, Wyne and 

Onzffyne, S.B. Y. Wyne. 

Onwyne is evidently related to AS. untvutd-^Hf 
Teut antmnd^en, retexere. 
ONWYNER, a. The foremost ox on the left 

hand, in a yoke, Aberd. 
ONWITTINS, adv. Without the knowledge 

of, without being privy to, Ang. 
OO, in £. words, before Ar, in the S. pronuncia- 

tion receives the sound of long u in the £. lan« 

guage, and is written either as eu^ or with e qui« 

escent after At. Thu8nooX;,2tx>Ar,^6oAr,cooA;,Aoofr, 

bookf become netiky levky tettk, ceuk^ hevk^ huke, 

baukj huke. 
00, a. Grandson. " Andro Murray his oo ;** 

Aberd. Reg. A. 1685, V. 16, p. 612. V. Oe. 

** David Anderson his oo and taxman;" Reg. Aberd. 
V. 1 5. *' The servant feyit [hired] to his ow half 
nettis fishing." Ibid. 
00, a. Wool, S.] Add ; 

" To gather oo on one's claise/* to feather one's 
nest, Aberd. Hence, 
OoT, a^. Woolly, S. 

-^Swains their ooy lambkins guide. 
An' sing the strains of honest love. 

Picken's Poems 1788, iv. 
OOBIT, a. A hairy worm, with altemate^rings 

of black and dark yellow, Roxb. When it 

raises itself to the tops of the blades of grass, 

it is by the peasantry viewed as a prognostic of 

high winds. V. Oobit. 
OODER, a. Exhalation, &c. V. Oudeb. 
OOF, a. This term is expl. as suggesting the 

idea of an animal, whose face is so covered with 

hair, that it can scarcely see ; applied to a weak 

harmless person, Fife. 

This seems the same with £. oaf or ouphe, a sort 
of fairy. Teut. alve incubus, faunus. Hence, 
OoF-LooxiN, adj. Having a look of stupidity, ibid. 
OON, a. Used for 2M>un\ wound. 

Drinkin' to baud my entrails swack. 
Or droun a carin' ooit, &c. 

Tarrais Poems, p. 10. V. Carin". 

To OOP, &c V. a. To bind with a thread.] Add; 
2. Metaphorically to join, to unite. 

** When she had measured it out, she muttered to 
herself-*' A hank, but not a hail ane — the full years 
o' the three score and ten, but thrice broken, dirice 
to oop (i. e. unite) ; he'll be a lucky lad an he win 
through wi't" Guy Mannering, i. 65, 66. 
OORAT, adj. Applied to animals, when from^ 

O P P 

cold or want of health the hair stands on end. 

Loth. ; evidently the same with Oorie. 
OORE, adv. Ere. This is given as the pro- 

nundation of Ettr. For. 

'* And oore I gatt tyme to syne mysel, ane grit 
man trippyt on myne feit^ and fell belly-flaught on 
me with ane dreadful noozle.*' Hogg's Wint Tales, 
ii. 42. V. Or, adv. 

OORIE, OuRiE, OwEiE, adf. 1. Chill, fee] Add; 
4. " Drooping, sad-like, melancholy;^ Gl. ricken, 


" Her bark's war than her bite/ said Mrs. Craig, 
as she returned to her husband, who felt already 
some of the ottne symptoms of a hen-pecked destiny." 
Ayrs. Legatees, p. 245. 

A transition, from tlie uncomfortable sensation 
caused to the body by cold, to the dejection or pain 
produced in the mind, by any thing that is viewed 
as a presage of evil. 

C.B. oer cold, oer-^i to make cold. 
OoRiB-LiKE, adf. Languid, having the appear* 

ance of being much fatigued, Dumfr. 
OOTH, a. Value. Keq) it till ii bring thejntt 

oothy Do not sell it till it bring the full value, 


A.S. uth'ian signifies to give. Whether it has any 
affinity seems doubtful. We say, that a commodity 
give9, i. e. brings, such a price in the market. 
OOWEN, ad;. Woollen, S,B. 

-T^On the breast^ they might believe. 
There was a cross of oorven thread. 

The Piper of Peebles, p. 18. 
OO^E, OuzE, s. 1. The nap, or caddis, that falls 

from yarn, cloth, &c., Ayrs. 

The £. word does not seem to have this significa- 
tion, which is obviously a deviation from the proper 
meaning, the origin of which see in Wiebse. 
2. Cotton or silk put into an ink-stand, for pre- 
serving the ink from being spilled, Perths. 
OOZLIE, adf. In a slovenly state. Gall. 

" A person is said to be oadie looking, when he has 
•^-a long beard, unbrushed clothes, and dirty shoes." 
Gall. Encycl. 

A secondary sense of Ozelfy, q. v. 
OPENSTEEK, s^ A particular kind of stitch 

in sewing, S. 

" Open-steeky open-stitch ;" Gl. Antiq, 
Openstkek, adj. Used to denote similar orna- 
ments in building. 

" Ah ! it's a brave kirk — nane of your whigma* 
ISeries and curliewurlies and operuteek hems about^ 
it." Rob Roy, ii. 127. 

OPENTIE, .?. An opening, a vacancy, Kinross. 
To OPPONE, V. a. 1. To oppose.] Jdd; 
2. It is used to denote the proof exhibited against 

a prisoner at his trial. 

^' The advocate could not find a just way to reach 
me with the extrajudicial confession they opponed to 
me." Crookshank's Hist. i. 342. 
To OPPONE.] Read, v. n. Add i 

The prep, aganis is sometimes subjoined. 

" Supplicatioun of the burgh of Annand, and pair^ 
teis opponand aganis the same." Acts. Ja. Vh 1581, 
EA 1814, p. 215. 


O R I 

OPPROBRIE, s. Reproach ; Lat. approbri^um. 

" Upon the high streets of sundry — burghs royall, 
there are many ruinous houses— to the opprobrie 
thereof, and common scandall of this kingdom '* 
Acts Cha. I. Ed. 1814, VI. 144. 
To OPTENE, OcTPTENE, V. a. To obtain. 

" As twiching the xl lb. clamyt be the said Symon 
vpone Thomas Kennedy, quhilk he opienii kuchfuUy 
vpone him, — ^the said Simon producit a decrete of 
certane jugis arbitrourig that he bad (^Unii the said 
soume." Act. Audit. A. 1471, p. 22. 

" He ma ouptene;'" Aberd. Reg. A, 1543, V. 18. 
GRANGER, ,j. An orange, S. 

" At weel Jean ye'se no want a sweet oranger, aye 
twa." Saxon and Gael, i. 129. 

Fr. oranger, an orange tree. 

ORCHLE, *. A porch, Mearns.] Add to etymon ; 

Fr. arceau, and O.Fr. oriol, both signify a porch. 
ORD, 8. A steep hill or mountain.] Add ; 

The term is used in this sense in Ayrs. 
♦ ORDER, s. To take Order, to adopt a course 

for bringing under proper regulation. 

" The Lothian regiment raised a mutiny, and 
would not suffer any of Loudon's regiment lying 
without the ports, nor their commanders or captains 
to take order with them." Spalding, ii. 292. 
ORDINARE, adj. Ordinary, S. 
By ORDINARE, adv. In an uncommon way, S.; 

nearly synon. with E. extraordinaribf. 
[ <^ They were £y ordinare obedient and submissive 
to tliose in authority over them." R. Gilhaize, ii. 126. 

It is also used as an attf^ 

" The minister — with a calm voice, attuned to btf 
ordinare solemnity, — pronounced the blessing." Ibid., 
ii. 18K 

ORE, s, A puny creature, one who has a con* 

temptible appearance. Loth. 

Apparently the same with fVarf, id. Lanarks.^ and 
corr. from Warrvolf, q. v. 
To ORIGIN, V. a. To originate. 

—"Making no kynd of «dteratioun hot such a»~ 
was origined and derived from the actis of the assem^ 
bly," &c. Acts Cha. L Ed. 18i4, V. Sig. 
ORIGINAL SIN. s. A cant phrase, evidently of 

a profane cast, used to denote debt lying on aa 

estate to which one succeeds, Clydes. 
2. Also used, with the same spirit, to characterize 

the living proofs of youthful incontinence, S. 
ORILYEIT, s. A piece of cloth, or bandage^ 

used for covering the ears during the night. 

^'Huidis, quaiffis, coIlari8,TabattJs,onfy«7ft>, naip-. 
kynis, caroyng claithis, and coveris of nicht geir, 
schone, and gluiffis." — " Half ane dussane of quaif- 
fis, and half a dussane oi orilyeitiis of holland claitb, 
sewit with gold, silver, and divers cuUouris of silk." 
Inventories, A^ 1.57S, p. 231. 

*' Ane quaiff [coif] with a oriljfeit of faolane claith, 
sewit with crammosie silk." Ibid, p. ^SZ. 

Fr. oreillei, orei//c//c, properly denotes the ear-piece 
of an helmet ; but had been transferred tfl a piece 
of female head-dress used by night ; from oreille, 
Lat. auris, the ear. 
ORINYE, ad;. 

«' Item, thrie peces of courtingis for the chepell of 

O R P 

O S T 

onnye hew^ of dalmes and purpoure, with ane fron- 
tale oi the samyne." Inventories, A. 1542, p. 104. 

Apparently the same with Fr. orang^, orange-co- 
loured ; if it be not from orin, golden. 

bably — from Fr. mirson^ a bear's cub C* Gall. Enc. 
ORISING, part. pr. Arising. 

From thair arising stok cuttit quhill thay be, 
— Thay may nocht than, be natur so abscidit. 
Do fructifie and fleureiss as afoir. 

CMeUne Sow, v. 777- 

Norm, oru^r, to rise up. 
ORLEGE, &c. *. 1. A clock.] Jdd; 

" O.E. oriloge, a clocke ;" Palsgr. B. iii. F. 51, b. 

" Orlage, Orolagium." Prompt. Parv. 
4. A dial-plate, &c.] Add ; 

*' Orlache & knok of the tolbuith ;" Aberd. Reg. 
ORMAISE, adj. Of or belonging to the isle of 


** Of OrmaUe tafiatis to lyne the bodeis and sclevis 
[sleeves^ of the goune and vellicotte, iiii elle." Prec. 
Treasury, A. 1566-7* Chalmers's Mary, i. 207- V. 
ORNTREN, s. 1. The repast taken between 

dinner and supper, Galloway.] Add; 
2. Evening, Ayrs. ; written Oniron, 

*' Ontron, evening ;" Gl. Surv. Ayrs., p. 69S. 

This is evidently the same with Cumb. Omdooms, 
afternoon drinkings; corr. says Grose, from onedrins; 
Prov. GL A.Bor. earnder signifies the afternoon. 

Germ, undern, onderen, to dine, prandere, meri- 
diare ; Wachter. Undern, with the A* Saxons, pro- 
perly denoted the third hour, that is, according to 
our reckoning, nine a. m. Junius (Gl. Goth.) shews 
from Bede, 1. iii. c 6, that this, wiUi our forefathers, 
was the time of dinner. Corresponding with this, 
IsL ondveme signifies, mane die ; G. Andr. p. 13. 
A.S. vndem mete is explained both breakfast and din- 
ner ; and indeed, it would appear that it was their 
£rst meal, or, in other words, diat they had only one 
meal for breakfast and dinner. Both Junius and 
Wachter view the Goth, terms as derived from CB. 
anierih, denoting the third hour. According to the 
latter, this is transposed from Lat. tertiana. Eender, 
or yeender, Derbysh., which must be viewed as orit- 
ginally the same word» retains more of th^ primary 
sense, for it signifies the forenoon ; Gl, Grose. 

Undaurnimal is used by Ulphilas for dinner. Than 
fvaurkjais undaurnimal aitfithau naktamai; when thou 
makest dinner or supper; Lukexiv. 12. In Frieze- 
land noon is called onder ; and the v. onder-en signi- 
fies to dine ; in-onderen to take a mid-day sleep. This 
must have been the siesto afler dinner. 
ORPHIS, ^. Cloth of gold. 

" Item, ane chesabill of purpour velvot, with the 
stoyle and fannowne orphis, twa abbis," &c. Inven- 
tories, A. 1542, p. 58. 

That is, " the stole and sudarium were both of clofh 
of gold," "S ffawnous ^r.fawnons^ of cloath of gold,'* 
are mentioned in Regist Aberd. V. Fan noun. 
Orphis is undoubtedly from L.B. orific-ium, used for 
aurificium or aurlfrigium. Dedit— casulam, dalma- 
ticas diaconi et subdiaconi, cum cappa processional! 
de eodem panno ^yrico cum fatura et orificiis, Baluz, 
T. 2. Orphreis is also used in the aame sense. V« 
Du Cange. 


ORPIE, Orpie-lbaf, s. Orpine, &c.] Add; 

" Crassula, orpie;" Wedderb. Vocab. p. 19. 
ORROW, Orra, €u1j\ 3. Not appropriated, not 

employed.] Add; — used in regard to things, S. 

Insert the quotation from Ferguson, given here, 
under sense 6. 

6. Spare, vacant, not appropriated ; applied to 
time, S. 

Ye'd better steik your gab awee. 

Nor plague me wi* your bawling. 
In case ye find that I can gie 
Your Censorship a mawling. 
Some orra day. 
Skinner^s Christmas Ba'ing; Gated. Mag. Sept. 9, 1 788. 
" Oh dear Mr. Bertram, and what the waur were 
the wa's and the vaults o' the auld castle for having 
a whin kegs o* brandy in them at an orra time ?" 
Guy Mannering^ i. 1 35. 

7. Inferior, petty, paltry, Aberd. 

8. Base, low, mean, worthless. In this sense one 
is said to " keep orra company,'' Aberd. 

9. Odd ; exceeding any specified, determinate, or 
round number, S. 

Obba-han, 8. One employed about a farm to do 
all the jobs that do not belong to any of the 
other servants, whose work is of a determinate 
character. Loth. Jotterie-man seems synon. 

Obrels, 8. pi. What is left der^ or over, Kin- 
cardines. ; the same with Orrows, q. v. In 
Aberd. it is understood as signifying refuse. 

To ORT, v.n, 1 .To throw aside provender.j^cW; 

4. When a father gives,away any of his daughters 
in marriage, without regard to the order of se- 
niority, he is said " to ort his dochters,'' Ayrs. 

OSAN. Poems 16th Century, p. 168, given in 
Gl. as not understood, is for Hossannah. 

Angels singes euer Osan 

In laude and praise of our Gude-man. 

OSHEN, *. A mean person ; from Fr. oison a 
ninny '^ Gall. Encycl. ; primarily, a gosling. 

OSLIN, OsLiN-pippiN, a species of apple, S. 

*' The Oslin pippin is sometimes called the Origi- 
nal, and sometimes the Arbroath pippin : by Forsyth 
it is named Orzelon. — The Oslin has been for time 
immemorial cultivated at St Andrews and Arbroath, 
w.herc there were formerly magnificent establishments 
for monks, by whom it was probably introduced from 
France." Neill's Hortic. Edin. Encycl. p. 209. 
To OSTEND, V. a. To shew. Lat. ostend^re. 

— " His hienes, be the avise of his last parliament, 
assignit, wameit & chargeit all personis that clamit 
— ^to tak, raiss, or intromett with ony sic exactiouns 
of Cawpis, suld cum to the nixt parliament, and thar 
ostend and schew quhat richt thai haid to the taking 
of the samyn." Acts Ja. IV. 1 489, Ed. 1 8 1 4, p. 222. 



*^ And now at this present parliament the saidisper.. 

Bonis makin the saidis clam is, has bene ofltymes callit 

'fbr the ostentioune and schawin of thar richtis." Ibid. 

8. Used to denote the formality of lifting up the 

hand in swearing, 
i— " All vtheris lor£8speritvale,temporale, and cork 

O U E 

O V E 

tniasionaris Off burrowis^-— hea maid fi&ith and sworne 
ilk ane be thaim selfis be the oslenlioune of thar richt 
faandis, that thai salbe lele and trew and obedient to 
my said lord gouemour tutoar to the quenis grace/' 
&c. Acts Mary 1542, Ed. 1814, p. 411. 
* OSTLER, s. An inn-keeper. 

^' Upon the mom timely he rises, and to the south 

foes he." — " Night being fallen, he lodges in Andrew 
laddentoun's at the yete-cheek, who was an ostler" 
Spalding's Troubles, i. 17* V. Hosteler. 

" Osller. HospiciariuB." Prompt Parv. 
OSTRYE, OsTEE, s. An inn.] Add; 

O.E. id. « Ostri^e [Fr.] hostelrie ;" Palsgrave, B. 
iii. F. 57, b. 
OSZIL, OsiLL, s. The merle or thrush, also the 

black-bird] Jdd; 

We learn from Palsgrave, that in O.E. this name 
was given to the starling. " Os^ll, a byrde, QFr.] 
estoumeau ;" B. iii. F. 51, b. 
O'THEM, some of them ; as, O'them fauchty 

CfihemjUd, Upp. Clydes. 
OTTEUS, pi. Octaves. V. Utass. 

" We haiie power — till choice an officer till pass 
with us for the engathering of our quarter payments, 
andoukly pennies, and to pass before us on Corpus 
XX CCkristi) day, and the otieus thereof, and all other 
general processions," &c. Seal of Cause, 1505, p. 57> 
OU, interj, V. Ow. 
OUBIT, s. 1. Hairy oubit, a butterfly in the 

catterpillar state, Roxb. V. Oobit. 
2. Applied, by itself, as a term of contempt, to 

any shabby puny-looking person, ibid. 

In this sense Vorvbet, q. v. is used by Montgomerie. 
OUDER, OwDEK, s, 1. A light mist or haze, 

such as is sometimes seen on a cloudy morning 

when the sun rises, Ettr. For. ; pron. q. ooder. 

*' The ground was covered with a slight hoar frost, 
and a cloud of light base, (or as the country people 
call it, the blue ouder,) slept upon the long valley of 
water^ and reached nearly mid^way up the hills." 
Brownie of Bodsbeck, i. S04. 

In this sense, the term might seem allied to Isl. 
udur, moistness. 
2. The jiame given to the flickering exhalations, 

seen to arise from the ground, in the sunshine 

of a warm day, Ettr. For. Summer-cotUs, S.B. 

Kinff's tpeaifier. Loth. 

As these seem, in one denomination, to be com-^ 
pared to coUs ; shall we suppose that, in a dark and 
superstitious age, they had received another name, 
in consequence of beipg viewed as something preter- 
natural ? If so, we might suppose some affinity be- 
tween ooder and Teut mjud-heer, a fawn, a satyr; 
whence tvoud^heer^man, a spectre. 
To OVER, V. a. To get the better of any thing, 

especially of what is calamitous; as, '^ He never 

over'd the loss of that bairn (" Stirlings. 

I do not find that the v. appears in this simple form 
in any of the other dialects. 
OUER ANE, adv. In common, together.] -4dd; 

Dan. anereens agreeing, Wolff; concorditer, ^aden ; 
from over and een one. It is also used in composition, 
avereenshomme, overeenstemme, to agree, to accord, to 
be of one opinion. Sw. oefverent is synonymous ; 
hmma oejvereni, draga o^erens, &c. to agree. 


OUER-B Y, OvEEBY, adv. A little way off; rcK* 

ferring to the space that must be crossed in 

reaching the place referred to, S. V. O^ebby* 

" There's only ane o' the sailors in the kitchen.-^ 
The ither's awa oroer bye to Kinaden, an' weel gnided 
he'll be, nae doot." St. Kathleen, iiL 229. 
To OVERCAP, OwERCAP, v. a. To overhang, 

or project over, S.B. 

'' The coping, whether sod or triangular stone, 
ought to overcap two inches on each side of the wall." 
Agr. Surv. Invem. p. 118. 

*' It Qhatch]] is either sewed to the cross spars of 
the roof, by tarred twine; or the roof is first covered 
with divots laid on overlapping like slate." Agr. 
Surv. I'eeb. p. 46. 

To OVEREAT on^'^ ^f^, to eat to surfeiting, S. 
OVERENYIE, j>. Southernwood, Aberd. Ar- 

temisium abrotanum, Linn. ; elsewhere jtpplc* 

rinffie, Fr. aufonne^ id. 

Thia is a favourite plant with the country girls, 
who also denominate it Lad^s Love. 
OiJERKST, adj. Higher, uppermost; the superla* 

tive of (hier. 
For cause they knew him to depart. 
They strife quha suld be ouereH, 

Poems of the Sixteenth Century, p. 42. 

Teut overste, Su.G. oefiverst, Germ, oberst, id. 
TO OUERGAFF, v. n. To overcast ; a term 

applied to the sky, when it begins to be becloud* 

ed after a clear morning, Roxb. 

Allied perhaps to Dan. avergaa, to eclipse. Or per-* 
haps rather the pret. qfergeqf, qfergaef, of A.S. gif^-an, 
tradere, with qfer prefixed. 
To OUERGEVE, Owergiffe, v. a. To re- 
nounce, especially in favour of another. 

" His midestie promittis — to caus George Erie of 
Huntlie — to frielie renunce, discharge, and onergeve 
all richt, tytle, and entress quhilkis &ay haif or may 
pretend to the office of schirfeffschip, justiciarie, or 
commissariat, within the boundis of the foimamit 
landis and isles," &c. Acts Ja. VI. 1597> Ed. 1814^ 
p. 163. 
OuERGEviN, 9. An act of renunciation. 

— " The said landis were set behishienes of lang 
tyme of before to Wilyame Striuiling of the Kere 
kny cht be the ouer gevin of John Hepburne of Rol- 
landstoune to the said Schir Wilyame." Act. Dom. 
Cone. A. 1491, p. 206. 
To OUERHAILE, v. a. To oppress ; to carry 


" He sayes. Let no man oppresse, ouercome, otcer.* 
haile, or circumveen another man, or defraude his 
brother in any matter." — " He exceptes no man. The 
Earle, the Lord, the Laird, beleeues his power be 
giuen him to ouerhaile, to oppresse men. No, no, if 
thou runnest so, thou shalt neuer win to heauen." 
RoUock on 1 Thes. p. 173. 

In using this term, he means to give the literal 
sense of the original word v;rt^auy«, which is render- 
ed transgredior. Ouerhaile seems properly to signify 
to draw over ; as allied to Teut. over^hael-en, trans- 
portare, trajicere ; Belg. over-haal-'en to fetch over. 
ToOVERHARL,i;.a. To oppress. V.Octbharl. 
OUERHEDE,OuBHEAi>,a(fo. Wholly, S.l-4<ifc 

" In this yeir, Clement Oor, and Robnt Lums* 

O V E 

O V E 

deiie his grandsone^ bought beforhand from the Earle 
Marishall the beir mail [[meal]] mtrhead for S3 sh : 
and 4* the boll." Birrell's Diarey, p. 36. 
To OVERH YE, v. a. To overtake. V. Ourhye. 
To OVERHIGH, v. a. The same with Overhye, 

'^ The coachman put faster on and out-ran the 
most part of the rogues, — while [till^ at last one of 
the best mounted averkigked the postilion, and by 
wounding him in the face, — ^gave the rest the ad- 
vantage to come up." Crookshank's Hist. i. 395. 

There seems to have been an absurd attempt made 
to give this word something of an E. form. For it 
is used in the account of the death of Archbishop 
Sharpe published by authority. 
OVERIN, s. A by.job, Lanarks. 

It may be viewed q. what is lefl over, to be done 
at any time ; or perhaps as nearly allied in sense to 
A.S. qferiug superfluitas, as denoting something 
which is not absolutely necessary, and may there* 
fore be neglected for a time. 
OVERITIOUS, adf. 1. Excessive, intolerable, 

2. Boisterous, violent, impetuous, headstrong, 

To OVERLAP, v.a. 1. Properly to be folded 

over, S. 
S« Applied to stones, in building a wall, when one 

stone stretches over another iaid under it, S. 

'^ It is essential — ^that the stones frequently ovev 
lap one another," &c. Agr. Surv. Galloway, p. 88. 
V. Through*band. 

In the same manner it is used in regard to slating, 
thatching, &c. S. 

Overlap, s. The place where one thin object 
lies over part of another; in the manner of slates 
on a root, S. 
*' When the stones are small, the dykes should 

he proportionally narrowed, to make the two sides 

connect more firmly, and afford more overlaps" Agr. 

3urv. Galloway, p, 85. 

OVERLAP, *. The hatches of a ship. 

" Fori, the overlap or hatches." Wedd. Vocab.p.22. 

This seems different from Ouerlop ; and corre« 
sponding with Teut. over^loop, fori, tabulata navium 
constrata, per quae nautae feruntur. 

OVERLE ATHER, *, The upper leather of a 

shoe, South of S. 

" When the sole of a shoe's turned uppermost, it 
maks aye but an unbowsome overleather." Brownie 
of Bodsbeck, &c. ii. 202. 

OVERLY, adf. Careless, superficial, Sec] Add^ 
'^ This calls us to search and try our ways, that we 
may know what it is that the Lord contends with us 
for ; and indeed we may find, in a very slight and 
overly search and enquiry, many procuring causes 
of it on our part." Shield's Notes, &c, p. 4. 

The A.S. verb ufer-an morari, differri, to delay, 
as it is from the same root, conveys the same idea„ 
q. to let things lie over. 

OVERLY, adv. Excessively, in the extreme. 

— " When the Session meets, I wish you woidd 
speak to the elders, particularly to Mr. Craig, no to 
be overly hard on that poor donsie thing, Meg Mill- 
ken^ about her bairn." Blackw. Mag. June 1830,p.26, 


2. Prodigal, disposed to squander, Ayrs. 
OUERLOFT,*. The upper deck of a ship.] Add; 

In the following passage it certainly signines the 
upper deck. 

" That na skipper, master or awner of ane ship— 
fuir nor stow ony merchandice upon the over Iqftis of 
thair shippis, without thay indent with the awneris 
of the shippis and gudis," &c. Balfour's Pract p.6l 9- 
OUERLOP, OuBLOP, s. The same with Over- 

hyft ; the upper deck of a ship. 

'^ And at the maisteris fure na guidis vpone his 
ouerlop, the quhilk & he do, tha gudis sail pay na 
fraucnt, nor na gudis vnder the ourlop to scot nor 
lot with tha gudis in case thai be castin." Pari. Ja, 
II. A. 1467, Acts Ed. 1814, p. 87- Ouer Iqft in both 
instances, £d. 1566. 

Teut. over^loop van' I schip, epotides: auriculae na- 
vis: rostra navis: ligna ex utraque parte prorae pro- 
minentia. V. OUERLOFT. 

O VERLOUP, s. The stream-tide at the change 

of the moon. 

" At the stream, which is at the change of the 
moon, which is call'd here the overloup, there are 
lakies both at low water and at high water." Sib« 
bald's Fife, p. 88. 

If the tide is meant ; Teut over^loop, inundatio ; 
oveT'doop-en, inundare, ultra margines intumescere. 
If the change of the moon ; Teut. over-hop trans- 
cursus ; over-loop^en, cursim pertransire. 
OVERMEIKLE,ad;. Overmuch; OurmeUcle.S. 
' " He — advysed with his counsall quhat was best 
to be done in this matter, and how he might best 
punisch the injuries done be the lordis/ quhilk he 
thought was overmeikle to tak in hand to punisch 
thame opinlie." Pitscottie'sCron. p.297« Overmuch^ 
Edit 1728. 
OUERQUALL'D, part. adj. Overrun, as with 

vermin. OtierqualTd wV dirty excessively dirty, 


Teut over and quell-en, molestare, infestare, vexare^ 

" Robert Lermont, being to rebuild a waste tene* 
ment — ^in Skinner's Close, obtained from the Coun-^ 
cil of Edinburgh— an act giving him liberty to over^ 
saHyie the close, having both sides thereof, and cast 
a transe over it for communicating with both his 
houses," &c Fountainh. S. Suppl. Dec. p. l6. 
OuERSET, OuRSET, s. Defeat, misfortune in war. 

" And quhen ony gret ourset is lik to cum on the 
bordouraris, thai think the inland men sulde be redy 
in thar supple." Pari. Ja. II. A. 1 456, Acts Ed. 1814, 
p. 45. Overset, £^. 1565. V. Ouerset, v. 
OVERSMAN, OuRMAN, a. 8.] Add; 

— '' To submit to tua or thrie freindis on ather 
syde ; — or ells to agrie at thair 6rst meitting on ane 
ouris^man quha sail deceme within that space." Acta. 
Ja. VI. 1597, Ed, 1814, p. 158. 
To OVER-SPADE, Ower-spadb, v. a. To 

trench land by cutting it into narrow trenches, 

and heaping the earth upon an equal quantity 

of land not raised, Aberd. 

<' All garden grounds are trenched, when first set. 
apart for this purpose; and are occasionally trenched 
thoroughly to the depth of 16 or 18 inches ; or else 
they are naif trenched, provincially over^spaded ;^ 

O U N 

that is, narrow ditches^ about 15 inches deep^ and 
two feet wide, are laid upon an equal breadth of 
ilntilled land ; and in that situation exposed to the 
winter's frost." Agr. Surv. Aberd. p. S61. 
To OVERTAK, v. a. 1. To be able to accom- 
plish any work or piece of business, when pres- 
sed for time, S. 
2. To reach a blow to one, to strike. 

" Percussit me pusno. He overtook me with his 
steecked nieff." Wedderb. Voc. p. 28. 
To Cum o'er, to Tak o^er, id. ; as, ** Til tdk ye 

o'er the head,^ S. 
OVER-THE.MATTER,fld/. Excessive,Roxb. 
OUERTHRO(JGH,«ifi;. Across the country, S. 
OUER-TREE, *. The stilt or handle of the 

plough, used in Orkney. It has only one. 
OUERWAY, s. The upper or higher way. 

" Then he gaue command to thrie hundrethe hors^ 
men to pas the ouerway, and to cum in at the west 
end of the toun be a priuey furde." Hist. James 
the Sext, p. 1 7 1 • 

O VERW ARD, s. The upper district of a coun- 
ty, denominated from its local situation, S. 
" In the shire of Clydesdale, Lanerk is the head 
borough of the overward, for holding courts^ and re- 
gistering diligences. Hamilton is the head borough 
of the nether ward, for holding courts." Ersk. Inst 
B» L TiL 4. § 5. V. OuER, adj\ Upper. 
OUF-DOG, s. A wolf-dog. South of S. 
Then came their collarit phantom tykis, 
Like ouf-dogs, an' like gaspin grews.— 

Hogg's Hunt of Eildoft, p. 322» 
OUGHTLINS, OuGHTLENs, adv. In any de* 
gree, S.O. " Oughtlens, in the least ^ Gl. 
Shirrefs and Picken. 
OuLKLiE, OwKLiE, adv. Weekly, once a-week , 
S.B. ouJclie, 

" That travelling vpon the Sunday — ^is greatlie oc- 
casioned be the mercatis hauldine oulkUe" &c. Acts 
Cha. I. Ed.l814,V.801. 

But nae man o' sober thinkin 

E'er will say that things can thrive^ 
If there's spent in osvldy drinkin 
What keeps wife and weans alive. 

MacnetWs Poetical Works, i. I9. V. OutK- 
OwELiE, adv. Weekly, every week, S.B. 

'' That thair be wokly thre market dais for selling 
of breid within the saidtoune [[Edinburgh] ; that is 
to say, Monanday, Wednisday, and Friday owkUe" 
Acts Ja. V.1540, Ed. 1814, p. 378. V.Oulk. 
OUNCE-LAND, s, A denomination of a cer- 
tain quantity of land, in the Orkney islands. 
" The lands in Orkney had been early divided 
into ure or ounce lands, and each ounce-land into 
eighteen-penny lands, and penny-lands again into 
four-merk or farthing-lands, corresponding to the 
feu-money paid at that time. Agr. Surv. Orkn. p. 
31. V. Ure, s. a denomination of land, &c. 
OUNCLE-WEIGHTS, *. pi. « The weights 
used about farm-houses ; — generally sea-stones 
of various sizes, regulated to some standard.'" 
Gall. Encyd. 
OVNE, s. An oven ; Aberd. Reg. 
OUNKIN, adi. Strangie, uncommon, Orkn. 



Isl. okunn-r, ignotus ; but more accommoditted t& 
the form of Onkent, S. 

OUPHALLIDAY, s. V. Uphalieday. 

To OUPTENE, ». a. To obtain. V. Optenk. 

To OUR, OoRE, v.a. To overawcj to cow. Loth. 

The only sense in which I find A.S. ufor^n used 
is, differre ; to delay^ to postpone ; q. to let the time 
pass by or over; from qfer, ufer, ov*. 
OURACH, OoRACH, s. The name given to pou 

tatoes, Shetl. " It^s terrible I can get nae itnei' 

meat sep [except] da wari*y gad [fish from sea- 

ware\ and de watery ourach,^ 

As Isl. ur denotes rain^ fancy might trace a resem- 
blance, because this root is viewed as watery. But as 
we cannot suppose that the inhabitants of Shetland 
had any northern name for this root^ which was quite 
unknown to them till of late years, it seems probable 
that, when it was first introduced, they would give 
it the name of some plant or root to which it had a 
real or supposed resemblance. As, In some parts of 
Sweden, die Meadow eow-wheat, or Melampyrum 
pratense, is called Orro-grot, (Linn. Flor. Suec. 
No. 548), the seeds of which the swroe carefully 
seek, digging up the moss for it, perhaps the Shet- 
landers, knowing this name, might transfer it to the 

OURBACE, s. A cow, which, though she has 
received the bull, has not had a calf when three 
years old, Stirlings. ; q. Over-back. 

OURCOME, OVERCOME, *. The overplus, S.l 


" The ourcome of thre pesis of clayth ;" Aberd. 

Reg. Cent. I6. 

OURCOME, O'ebcome, s. The chorus of a 
song, S. ; also Ourtum. V. O^ertctrk. 

To OUREPUT, V. a. To recover from, to get 
the better of; applied to disease or evil. Loth. 

OURFATN. At ike ourfaHn, about to be deli- 
vered, near the time of childbirth, S. 

To OURGAE, OuROANG.l Insert^ as sense 

4. To overpower ; as with labour, or as expressing 
great fatigue. ** She's quite ourgane vrV wark,** S. 

Belg. overgaan, part. pa. Overtired with going ; 

5. To pass, to elapse. It is often used in the fol- 
lowing form ; ^* There's nae time oargane^ 
i. e. no time has yet been lost ; it is still soon 
enough, S. 

OuRGAUN RAPES, '^ rapes put over stacks to hold 

down the thatch '^ Gall. Encycl. 
OURGANG, s. 1. The right of first gfAngwcr 

a water in fishing. 

*i We — had the first ourstang of the said fisching. 
— tn our outgang and mahng of the said water ; & 
fischeyt the samyn, intrusand thame selfis thairin.*^ 
Aberd. Reg. A. 1 560, V. 24. 

A.S. qfereang^an, Teut. ouerga-^n, transire; oiMr« 
ganck transitus ; Sw. oefwergang, passage. 
% Extent. ^^ The ourgang & boundb of the 

toun ;" Aberd. Reg. 
To OURHARL, v. a. To overcome.] Add; 

It is also written overharL 

^' The lord Home— conveined— -the most pairt of 



the nobilitie, at Edinburgh, schewand to thame that 
the realme was evill guidit and overharUd be my lord 
Angus and his men on the ane pairt, and be my lord 
Arrane on the other pairt, stry veand daylie for the 
auctoritie." Pitscottie's Cron. p. 298. Overkaled, 
Ed. 1728, p. 122. 

Here it evidently conveys the idea of being over- 
ran, or oppressed by perpetual depredations. 

2. To handle, to treat of, to relate. 

-—Expert and weill preuit 
Thay war in the Est warld. 
As is heir breuly ourharld. 

Colkelbie Sow.JB. 1. v. S6S. 

3. To treat with severity, to criticize with acri- 
mony ; synon. to bring o'er the coals. 

'' Thair breadwinner, thair honor, thair estima* 
tioun, all was goan [gone^ giff Aristotle should be 
so owirharUd in the heiring of thair schollars." Mel« 
ville's Diary, Life A. Melville, i. 258. 
OURHEID, adv. Without distinction. 

** Prissit Qvalued] to xij d. ourheid" Aberd. Reg. 


To OURH YE, OvERHYE, v. a. To overtake.] 


*'Monseour Tillibatie — followed verrie ferclie ef- 
ter thair enemies, andcverktfedthame at Linlithgow." 
Pitscottie's Cron. p. 307. V. Overhigh. 
OURLAY, OwaKLAY, s. A cravat, S.] Jdd; 

^* Haste home, in good sooth ! haste home, and lose 
the best chance of getting a new rokelay and oivreiay 
that I have had these ten years?" The Pirate, i. 183. 
To OURLAY, V. a. To belabour, to drub, to 

"beat severely, Aberd. 

The term seems to have been originally applied to 
a person laid flat under his antagonist; Teut. ouer" 
leggk^ent superponere. 
OURLAY, 8. A kind of hem, in which one part 

of the cloth is folded, or laid over the other, S. 
Fr. ourlet, id., ourUer to hem. 
To OuKLAY, V. a. To sew in this manner, S. 
OURLEAT, O'krleet, s. Something that is 

lapped, laid^ or folded over another thing ; Loth. 
OURMAN, OuRisMAN, s. An arbiter. V. Overs- 


OURSHOT, Overshot, *. The overplus, S. ; 

synon. (Tercome. 

Su.G. oeftverskott, residuum, vel quod numerum 
definitumtransgreditur; from oe/irer over, and skiut-a 
trudere. V. Ihre> vo. Skiuta, trudere, sense ill. 
OURTURN, *. Ourtum of a smi^y that part of 

it which is repeated, or sung in cliorus, S. 
OUR.WEEKIT, O'er-weekit, part. ad;. 1. 

He, who has staid in a place longer than was 

intended, is said to have our-weehit himself, 

especially if he has not returned in the same 

week in which he went, Teviptd. 
2. Butcher meat, too long kept in the market, is 

called our-weehit meat^ and sold at a lower price, 


This word is viewed as formed from over and week, 
q. passing the limits of one week. 
OURWOMAN, ». A female chosen to give the 

casting voice in a cause in which arbiters may 

be equally divided. V. Odwoman. 
Vol. IL 177 

This term is used only by old people. 
OUSE, OwsE, 8. An ox, Banffs., Aberd., Meams. 
— Seldom hae I felt the loss 
O' gloyd or cow, ouse, goat or yowe. 

Taylor's S, Poems, p. 42. 
" To a man gaun to fell an ouse wha had drawn 
in his plough mony a year. 

O man, thou sure ungratefu' art-*- 
Gin your hard heart can fell that ouse, 
A harmless beast, and bom for toil." 

Ibid. p. 82. 
This nearly resembles the most ancient form of the 
word ; Moes.G. auhs, Alem. ohso, osse, Belg. osse. V. 

pi. OUSEN. 

OussEK-Bow, 8. A piece of curved wood put round 

the necks of oxen, as a sort of collar, to which 

the draught is fixed; now rarely used, Teviotd. 
Teut Soghe arcus ; from the u>rm. 
OwssEN-sTAW, 8. The ox-stall, S. 

She sought it in the otvssen^slarv, &c. 

HercTs Coll. ii. 146. 
OUSTER, 8. The arm-pit, Renfrews. ; corr. 

from Oxter, q. v. 
• OUT, prep. This is used in a sense nearly the 

same with E. alongst. ** Out the road,^ along 

the road, S.B. 
OdT, adv. To Gae outy to appear in arms, to rise 

in rebellion, S. V, Gae out. 
To Out, v. a. Totell or divulge a secret, Ettr. For. 

The V. as thus used, does not correspond with A.S. 
ut'ian, which merely signifies to eject. But it is strict* 
ly analogous to Teut wt-er eloqui^ enuntiare, publi- 
care, given by Kilian as synon. with £. utter. 
To Out, v. n