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Full text of "A general and heraldic dictionary of the peerages of England, Ireland, and Scotland, extinct, dormant, and in abeyance"

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GENERAL AND HERALDIC 



DICTIONARY 



OP 



THE PEERAGES 



OF 



ENGLAND, IRELAND, AND SCOTLAND, 

&xtittttt normality anlf in iX'bttimtt. 



Loqulmur de tntiquitate Generia, et glorift Majorum. 



By JOHN BURKE, Esq., 

AUTHOR OF A GENERAL AND HERALDIC DICTIONARY OF THE PEERAGE 

AND BARONETAGE, dtc &c 



^ttglanH. 



LONDON : 
HENRY COLBURN AND RICHARD BENTLEY, 

NEW BURLINGTON STREET. 
M.DCCC.XXXI. 



PREFACE. 



Whbn I farmed the resolution of writing upon Titles of Honour, 
it was my intention to begin with Extinct, Dormant, and Suspended 
Dignities ; for out of these, I knew, had arisen the most eminent names 
in the modem roll of nobility, and I felt the great difficulty of rendering 
any thing like justice to the illustrious living, without the previous 
opportunity of commemorating the illustrious dead. I discovered, too, 
that much of the obscurity and unintelligibility of similar works could 
be traced to the absence of what might be termed an Introductory 
Volume— to the total want of the slightest information as to the origin 
of the subject. I had resolved therefore to commence with an Extinct 
and Dormant Peerage : but from such a course I was eventually diverted 
by those better versed in the doctrine of chances than myself. I was 
assured that the probabilities of success would become greatly aug- 
mented, could I first make my way in public favour by the production 
of a work wherein the great mass of the public were more immediately 
interested — ^by postponing the heroes of Cressy and Agincourt to those 
of Trafalgar and Waterloo. To that opinion, after 8<Hne deliberation, 
but not without reluctance, I acceded — and my Dictionary of the Exist- 
ing Peerage and Baronetage, now for the fourth time in the press, was 
the result 

From the admirable scheme of amalgamating the younger children 



vi PREFACE. 

of our nobility with the community at large, a obade in society has 
arisen amongst as, not to be found in any other country of Europe-— 
a GRADE inferior to the noble in nought beside the artificial importance 
attached to rank. In the antiquity of his family — ^in his education — his 
habits — his influence, the English gentleman stands hardly one step, 
if at all, below the English nobleman. Nay, there are few of his order 
that cannot boast an alliance with, or descent from, some ancient 
ennobled house ; and it is in this point of view-— in shewing the con- 
necting link between the existing gentry of England, and her ancient 
nobility — that a work upon Extinct, Dormant, and Suspended Dignities, 
may be rendered in the highest degree interesting and valuable* How 
hr I have succeeded, must rest entirely upon the judgment of my 
readers. I shall feel, however, greatly obliged by suggestions in exten« 
sion or amendment of the design. 

The Second Volume, comprising the Extinct and Dormant Peers 
of Scotland and Ireland, is in progress^ and any information regarding 
their representatives will be most acceptable. 

In conclusion, I have only to intreat forbearance towards the inac- 
curacies, which, despite of every effort, are inseparable from the First 
Edition of a work of this description. 

J. B. 

November, 1831. . 



NOTES EXPLANATORY. 



Abbtancb. On the death of a baroD« whose dignity originated in a Writ of 
Sammons, without issue male« the barony becomes vested in his daughters ; 
if he leave an only daughter* she succeeds to the dignity* but if there l^ more 
daughters than one, the title falls into abbtancb amongst them* and continues 
in that state until all but one of the daughters, or the sole heir of only one 
daughter survives ; in which case, the barony devolves on the surviving daugh- 
ter, or on the heir of her body. The cbown can* however* at any time* 
terminate an abbyancb in favor of one of the heirs. 

Aids patablb to thb king. Among the ancient aids payable to the king, 
from the immediate tenants of the crown* (and likewise to mferior lords from 
their immediate tenants,) were these three, namely, to make his eldest son a 
knight ; to marry his eldest daughter ; and to ransom his person when made 
prisoner In war. 

BtTLLfi AND Bribps. ApostoUcal letters were of two description^^one deno- 
minated Brief», because comprised in a compendious way of writing, and 
sealed on wax only 0mm atmuUopiacaiorU, that is, with the impression of a signet 
ring. The other called Bulls, from the leaden BvUa hanging thereto. BmUa, 
amongst the antients, is supposed to have been a golden badge, which persons 
that triumphed over their enemies wore on their breasts like a medal ; and it 
came afterwards to signify a deed, instrument, or writing, described on parch- 
ment* or vellum, with a piece of lead suspended thereto by a string. On this 
piece of lead, the heads of the two Apostles* St. Peter imd St. Paul, were 
impressed from the papal seal, which being affixed to the pope's letters, iht 
Bull was considered then to be complete. 

Crown lands and rbvbnub. These anciently comprised 1422 manors or 
lordships* in several counties^ besides farms and lands in Middlesex, Shropshire, 
and Rutland, in the last of which* the king had also £160 of rent in white money 
-—to which may be added the escheats and forfeitures. In short, the revenue of 
the king was so great* that Odbricus Vitalis, says it was reported to be one 
thousand and sixty pounds sterling, thirty shillings* and one penny halfpenny* 
of the just rents and profits of Kngland* every day of the year— besides gifts and 
pecuniary punishments. 

Dictum of Kbnilwortb. An edict or award between Henry III. and those 
barons who had been in arms against him. It was so called because made at 
Kcnilworth Castle* in Warwickshire, (in the 61st year of that monarch). It 
provided that those involved in the rebellion should pay a compensation of five 
years' rent for the recovery of their estates. This celebrated statute is to be seen 
at large in a MS. copy in the Cottonian Library. It was proclaimed in the camp 
before Kenil worth* 3 Ist October. 

Gbnbral Survby. The survey was begun in the year 1080, and finished in 
1086. It was made by verdict or presentment of juries, or certain persons 
sworn ki every hundred, wapentake, or county, before commissioners consisting 
of the greatest earls or bishops, who inquired into, and described, as well the 
possessions and customs of the king, as of his great men. They noted what and 



viii NOTES EXPLANATORY. 

how much arable land, pasture, meadow, and wood every man had, with the 
extent and value in the time of Edward the Coitfessor, and at Uie period of 
makmg the survey. They also noted the mills and fisheries, and, in some 
counties, the number of nreemen, socmen, villains, borders, servants, young 
cattle, sheep, hogs, working horses, &c. in every town and manor, and the 
name of the proprietor. Always setting down the king's name first, then the 
bishops, abbots, and all the great men that held of &e king in capite. This 
survey was chiefly intended to afford the monarch a true statement of his own 
lands and demesnes, and also what were held by his tenants. All England, ex- 
cept Westmorland, Cumberland, and Northumberland, was described, with part of 
Wales, and the description or survey written in two books called the Great and 
LiTTLB Doomsday Books, which were deposited in the Exchequer. The smaller 
book contains only Norfolk, Suffolk, and Essex. This survey being the highest 
record in the kingdom, was then, and is to this day, a decisive evidence in any 
controversy on which there may be occasion to consult it. 

HoMAGB and Livert. When the king's tenant in capite died, his lands were 
in the king's hands until the heir had done homage, and was of age. When the 
heir sued to have his estate out of the possession of the crown, his obtaining 
it was called livery, and the profits received in the mean time by the 
king were denominated primer »eisin. For this livery or relief the heir 
paid certain fees. By the laws of the Conqueror, the relief of an earl was 
eight horses saddled and bridled, four helmets, four coats of mail, four shields, 
four spears, four swords, four chasers, and one palfrey saddled and bridled. 
That of a baron, half as much, with a palfrey. That of a vavasor to his 
lord, his best horse, helmet, coat of mail, shield, spear, sword, or, in lieu of 
these, a hundred shillings. That of the countryman, his best beast ; and of 
him tiiat farmed his lands, a year's rent. These were afterwards turned into 
money. 

Knights' Fee. An ancient law term, signifying so much land of inheritance 
as was esteemed sufiicient to maintain a knight with suitable retinue, which in 
the time of Henry III. was k^ckoned at £15 per annum ; and, by stat. 1 Ed. II., 
such as had £20 per annum in fee, or for life, might be compelled to accept of 
knighthood. But this statute was repealed by the I6th Charles I. Stow says, 
that in the time of the Conqueror there were in England 60,211 knights' fees. 

ScuTAGE. Escuaee or Scutage, was a duty or service arising out of baronies 
and knights' fees. It denoted Sermtium Scuti, the service of the shield ; and 
was wont to be rendered thus *. for every knight's fee, the service of one knight ; 
for every half fee, the service of^half a knight ; and so in proportion. Baronies 
were charged in a similar manner, according to the number of knights' fees, 
whereof the barony by its original enfeoffment, consisted. The service of scutage 
was performed, either personally, in the king's army, or else by pecuniary 
commutation. 

Vavasors. The Vavasors in Lombardy, whence they appear originally to 
have come, were inferior to the capitanei, which comprehended dukes, mar- 
quisses, counts, &c. ; but they were invested, either by the sovereign or lord, 
with some territory of feudal command, without an^ of these designations 
of nobility. So that vavasor meant a powerful description of vassal ; validue 



abbreviations. 
b. bom. m, married, d. died. «. p. sine prole, a, succeeded. 



CONTENTS. 



DicTioxAB r— Peerages Alphabetically, by the tumaxne of each Peer. 1 

PEBRA6EB omitted in their proper plaoea..,. •••••••••. 688 

vUf. 
Bacon, Viaoonnt St. Albana 
B&AOSE, Baron Braoie, of (Tower 
Braosg, Baron Braose 
Detereux, EaxlofEaBex 
Dudley, Earl of Leicester 

FiTZ-RoT, Duke of Northumberland 
F0RTIRU8, Earl of Albemarle 
Grznyille, Banm Glastonbury 
Ipre, Bad of Kent 
Lave-Fox, Baron Bingley 
N0RRI8, Earl of Berkshire 
Scot (FiTZ-Ror), Ihike of Monmouth 
Sondes, Earl of Feversham 
Whitworth, Earl Whitworth 
Tarle— Peerages Alphabetically, according to the Titles 599 

617 

ForesU 626 

Roll of Battel Arbet > • •..••.. 629 



^ « < Magna Charta. 

Charters op Freedom, \ _. ^ _ 

) Charter of Fon 



£ JKlvA. jT A. 



Awhmr, Banm Audley, of Hdeifh, was mimmoned to parttatmoitlii the 8th Edward II., 8tb Januarj, 

1313, Instead of the Mth Edward II., 15th May, 1381. 
Cars, Viscount Rochester— fbr Rochdale, at the conclusion of the artide, read tioeheiter, 
HohLMB (PeDiam) Duke of Newcastle. His grace d. In 1768. 
MUX.TOK, Barons 'kulum, of Gillesland. In the note to this article, the father of Maud de Vaux should 

be Hubert, not Thomas de Vanz. 



• IN THE PRESS, 

The Fourth Edition, revised and much enlarged, of 

A GENERAL AND HERALDIC DICTIONARY 

OF THE 

PEERAGE AND BARONETAGE 

or THE 

BRITISH EMPIRE. 

Dedicated, by Permitsion, to Hts Most Oracxous Majestt, 

Bt JOHN BURKE, Esq. 

This Woik, which has undergone another very laborioutTCvisal, will be found to com- 
prise a great mass of new matter, and sevezal curious documents long out of print, or neyer 
printed befirae. 

The armorial bearings have been newly and splendidly engraved. 

This popular work justly deserves to be considered as a History of the British Nobility. 
It is enridied by a variety of personal anecdotes, never before published, relative to mai)y 
illustrious houses, in addition to numerous authentic details connected with their lineage, 
and oommunicated to the audior by the noble inheritors of the titles. The Editor's atten- 
tion having also been directed to collaterals, he has introduced all those who come within 
the most remote remaindeiship of fiunily honours ; and he has used more than ordinary 
care in tracing presumptive heirs. To the Baronetcies of Scotland and Ireland, apper- 
taining to more than 200 ancient families, whose lineage is given ezduaivdy in this Work, 
the utmost attention has also been paid. 

«• The work which Mr. Burke has Just given to the public is equally well planned and well 
executed. The author Justly ohserves in the preface, that the grand object in a work of reference Is 
the ftdlity allbrded to the reader, of finding any infbnnation he may want. Mr. Burke's airangement 
is excellently adapted to this purpose. Great ability is also shewn in the condensation ct all the requi- 
site matter, which, owing to the clear and beautiful mode of printing and engraving, is justly entitled 
to be called a cheap one, not only in comparison with the tedious and expensive works on the same 
subject, but in reference to the quantity of reading it contains, and the superior style of iu execu- 
tlao.'*-^JfiHiiii<fMr. 



Also preparing for publication, 

A DICTIONARY OP THE COMMONERS OF ENGLAND, 

QUALIFIED BY LANDED PROPERTY 

TO 

BECOME COUNTY MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT, 

BUT UNDISTINGUISHED BY AN HEREDITARY TITLE OF HONOUR. 

Bt JOHN BURKE, Esq. 

Author of the *' Oeneial and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage." 

This original work has been undertaken by Mr. Burke as a sequel to his very popular Dictionsnr of 
the Peerage and Baronetage of the United Kingdom, and upon an exactly similar plan ; so that when 
completed, the two pubUcatione will embrace the entire of the Peerage, Baronetage, and Gentry of Um 
empire. 

Communications for the Author, in answer to the circular letters transmitted .to the parties intemtsd, 
are requested to be addressed, free of expense, to the Publishers. 



PEERAGES OF ENGLAND, 



EXTINCT, DORMANT, AND IN ABEYANCE. . 



ABR 

ABRINCIS_EARLS OF CHESTER. 

Created by William the Conqueror, Anno 1070* 

3Cineage. 

Upon the detention, s prisoner in in«nder»» of 
GHsasoj), ft Fleming who first held the Earldom of 
Chester, that dignity was conferred by the Coir- 
guKROB, upon (his sister's son) 

HUGH DE ABRINCIS, sumamed Lupvs, and 
called by the Welch, Fnw, or •• the Fat." *« Which 
Hugh,** says Dogdale, '• being a person of great 
note at that time amongst the Norman nobility, 
and an expert soldier, was, for that respect, chiefly 
placed so near those unoonquered Britaitu, the 
better to restraki their bold incunions : for it was, 
' coDsilio prudentum,' by the advice of his coun- 
cil, that King William thus advanced him to that 
government; his power being, also, not ordinary; 
having royal jurisdiction within the precincts of his 
earldom — which honor he received to fuM tu/re^tf 
by Ote noord aa the King hinuei/heU England hy the 
crown. But, though the time of his advance- 
ment was not till the year 1070, cerUin it is, that he 
came into England with the conqueror, and there- 
upon had a grant of Whitby, in Yorkshire, which 
Imdshlp he soon afterwards disposed of to William 
de Percy, his associate in that fiunous expedition." 
In the contest between William Rurus, and his 
brother Robbrt CuRTHoax, this powerful noble- 
man tided with the former, and remained faithful 
to him during the whole of his reign. )ie was sub- 
•equcntly in the confidence of Henry the First, and 
ooe of that monarch's chief councillors. "In hii 
youth and flourishing age," continueth the author 
*bove quoted, ** he was a great lover of worldly 
ptessures and iccular pomp ; profuse in giving, and 
much delighted with interludes, Jesters, horses, 
dopt and other like vanities ; having a large at- 
tendance of such penonSf of all sorts, as were dis- 
powd to those sports: but he had also in his family 
^b clerks and soldiers, who were men of great 
^*ooor, the venerable Ansdme (Abbot of Bee, and 
■''Qrwards AxchUshop of Canterbury) being his 
confessor ; nay, so devout he grew before his death. 



ABR 

that sickness hanging long upon him, he caused 
himself to be shorn a monk in the abbey of St. Wer- 
burge, where, within three days after, he died. 
Anno 1101." His lordship m. Ermentrude, daugh- 
ter of Hugh de Claremont, Earl of Bevois, in 
France, by whom he had an only son« 

RicHARn, his successor. 

Of his iU^timate issue, were OttiweU, tutor to 
those children of King Henry the First, who 
perished at sea. Robert, originaUy a Mcmk in the 
Abbey of SL Ebrulf in Normandy, and afterwards 
Abbot of SL Edmundsbury in Suflblk, and Geva.* 
the wife of Oeflbry Riddell, to whom the Earl 
gave Drayton Basset, in Staflbrdshire. 

That this powerful nobleman enjoyed immense 
wealth in England is evident, Arom the many 
lordships he held at the general survey ; for, be- 
sides the whole of Cheshire, excepting the small 
part which at that time belonged to the bishop, 
he had nine lordships in Berkshire, two in Devon- 
shire, seven in Yorkshire, six in Wiltshire, ten in 
Dorsetshire, four in Somersetshire, thirty-two in 
Suflblk, twelve in Norfolk, one in Hampshire, 
five in Oxfordshire, three in Buckinghamshire, 
four in Gloucestershire, two in Huntingdonshire, 
four in Nottinghamshire, one in Warwickshire, 
and twenty-two in Leicesteishire. 1 1 appears too, by 
the charter of foundation to the Abbey ot St. Wer- 
burge, at Chester, that several eminent persons 
held the rank of Baron under him. The charter 
runs thus:—*' Hsdc sunt itaque dona data Ab< 
batic S. Werburge, quK omnia ^go Comes Huoo et 
RicHARDUS filius mens et Ermentrudis Comi< 
tissa, et mei Barones, et mei homines dedimut. 
Arc," which Baronet et Hom<fie«' mentioned therein, 
were the following:— 

L^ 

• The legitimacy of this lady is maintained flrom 
the circumstance of her father having bestowed 
upon her the Manor of Draytcm, in Aree marriage* 
which the lawyers say could not be granted to a 
bastard; but had she been legitimate, she would 
surely have succeeded to the earldom before her 
aunt. 

B 1 



ABR 



ALB 



1. WilUAm Malbanc. 

2. Uobert, son of Hugo. 

3. Hugo, son of Norman. 

4. Richard de Vemun. 

5. Richard de Rullos. 

6. Ranvlph Venator. 
7> Hugo de Mara. 

8. Ranulph. son of Ermiwin. 

9. Robert de Fremouz. 

10. Walkdinus, nephew of Walter de Vernon. 

11. Seward. 

12. Gislebert de Venables. 

13. Gaufridus de Sartes. 

14. Richard de Memilwarin. 
U. Walter de Vemun. 

The charter concludes— " Et ut haec omnia enent 
rata et stabilia inperpetuum, ego Comes Hugo et 
mei Barones conflnna^imus, (&:c ) ita quod singuli 
nostrum propriA manu* in testimonium posteris 
signum in modum Cruds facerent :"— <and is signed 
by the Earl himself, 

Richard — ^his son. 

Her%'eyt Bishop of Bangor. 

Ranulph de Meschines, his nephew, who eTen- 
tually inherited the earldom. 

Roger Bigod. 

Alan de Perd. 

William Constabular. 

Ranulph Dapifer. 

WiUiam Malbanc 

Robert Fits-Hugh. 

Hugh Fitz-Norman. 

Hamo de Masci. 

Blgod de Loges. 
Those barons, be it remembered', were eadi of 
them men of great indiyidual power, and large 
territorial possessions. Hugh Lupus, Earl of Ches- 
ter, was succeeded by his only son (then but seven 
years of age), 

RICHARD DE ABRINCIS, as second earl. This 
nobleman, after he had attained maturity, attached 
himself faithfully to King Henry I., and never 
subsequently swerved in his allegiance. His lord- 
ship espoused Maud, daughter of Stephen, Earl of 
Blois, by Adela, daughter of William the Con- 
queror, but had no issue-^imsdf and his countess 
being soon afterwards amongst the victims of the 
memorable shipwreck, (Dec, 1119,) wherein the 
king's two sons, William and Richard, with 
their tutor Ottiwell, the earPs bastard brother, 
Gefllny Riddell. his sister Geva's liusband, and 
many others of the nobility perished. This melan- 
choly event is thus recorded by Ordericiu. 

** The master of the ship was Thomas, son of 
Stephen, who came to King Henry the First, then in 
Normandy, and ready to take shipping for England, 
and offered him a mark of gold, desiring that as 
Stephen, his father, had transported the conqueror 
when he fought against King Harold, and was his 
constant mariner in all his passages between Eng- 
land and Normandy, so that he himself likewise 
might now have the transportation of King Henry 
and an his attendants, as it were, in flM { fw he had 
a very good vessel, called ' Candida Navis,* or 
« the White Ship,* well famished fat that purpose. 
The king thanked him : but withal told him, he 



had already made choice of another ship, which he 
would not change; yet, he would commend him to 
his two sons, William and Richard, with many 
oihen of his nobility ; whereat the mariners much 
rejoiced, and desired the prince to bestow some 
wine upon them to drink. He gave them *tres 
modioB vini,* three hogsheads of wine, wherewith 
they made themselves sufficiently drunk. There 
were almost three hundred in this unfortunate ship, 
besides the young gaDants who were to be trans- 
ported : as well as fifty skilful oars or galleymen, 
who, had they not been Intoxicated, would have 
been fully able to manage her ; but having neither 
the power to govern themadves nor the vessel, they 
sufibred her to split upon a rock, and so all were 
drowned, except oneBerolde, a butcher of Roan, 
who was taken up the next morning by some fisher- 
men, after a cold ftosty night's shipwreck; and 
with much ado recovered, and lived twenty years 
after." * • 

Upon the demise thus of Richard dr Abrincis, 
second Earl of Chester, the male line of the 
family becoming extinct, the earldom passed to the 
deceased nobleman's first cousin, r!ahvlpr db 
Mrschiitis, son of Ralph de Meschines, by Maud 
de Abrinds, sister of Earl Hugh Lupus — (see Mes- 
chines, EarU of Chester). 

Arms— as. a wolf's head erased, ar. 

AIR£MIN£— BARONESS BELASYSB 

OF OSOODBY. 

Created by Letters Patent, 85th of March, 1674. 

Xincagc. 

SIR WILLIAM AIREMINE, Bart., of Osgodby, 
in the county of Lincoln, m. Arme, daughtorand 
co-heiress of Sir Robert Crane, Baronet, of Chilling- 
ton, in the county of Suflblk* and left two daugh- 
ters, his co-heirs, of whom the elder, 

SUSAN AIREMINE, m. 'first, the Honorable Sir 
Henry Belasyse, son and heir of John, Baron 
Belasyae, of Warlaby, and had a son, 

HxifRY Brlahybr, who«. to the title of Bela- 
syse of Warlaby, upon the decease of his 
grandfather, his father. Sir Henry, dying 
previously — (see Belasyae of Warlaby). 

Lady Bblabysr m. seo(»dly, Fortrey, Esq., 

of Chequers, but had no issue. Her ladysihip was 
created a peeress for life, by King Charles II. by 
letters patent dated 25th of Mardi, 1674, as Baro- 
NR88 Bblasysb OP Osoooby. She d. 6th Msscfa* 
1712-13, when the dignity bxpirro. 

ALAN, surnamed FERGAUNT, Earl 

OF Richmond. 

(See De Dreauz, Earls of Richmond.) 

ALBINI-EARLS OF ARUNDEL. 

By feudal tenure of Arunobl Castlb, in the 
County of Sussex, A. D. liaO. 

ICincafif. 

WILLIAM DE ALBINI, surnamed Pfneermt, 
son of Roger de Albinl, and dder brother of Nigel 
de Albinl, whose posterity assumed, and attained 
such eminence under the name of Mowbrat, ac- 
companied the conqueror into England, and acquired 



ALB 



ALB 



•KtMsire tanrltnial powMiioM bjr royal snnts in 
tbecoiiBtyo/NotfoUL and other •him. Of which 
fnals was tba lordahlp of Bokcnham, to behold«D by 
theierriceof bciiig Butlxr totha Kings of Engtand 
cm tha day of their coronation, and in conaaqucoca 
wa find tliis William atylad in diver* diartan, 
** Pin e tr tt a Hmuriei AflSgri* Anglomm.'* Anfeoogat 
tlw numennia pcnona deipaUed of their huidi by 
thoae grants, was one ED%ryj«n» a Dana» who ap- 
pealing to the Cooquerar, told him, that neither 
before nor altar the conquest, had himself or the 
other elected Danes, acted or conspired against 
him ; which complaint induced the king to institute 
an immediate inquiry throughout the realm, and to 
Vider that all those who had lived peaceably, should 
hvrt restitution of their lands, to ei^}oy as fteely as 
they had done before, and thence to w ar d to be 
called Oranges. Edwyne could however recover 
only a portion of his property, but he was soon 
alterwasds sent into Normandy for the king's ille- 
gitimate daughter, whom the mcaiarch bestowed 
upon his (Edw3rne's) son Aaetwr; and thus the 
protection of the Dane was aecuied during the 
semainder of his lift^ 

William da Albini founded the Abbey of Wy- 
mundham in Norfolk, and gave to the monks of 
Homester, the tithes v€ his manor of Elham \ as 
also one carucata of land in Achastede, with a wood 
called Acholte. He likewise bestowed upon the 
Abbey of St. Stei^en at Caen, in Normandie, all 
his lands lying in Stavdl, which grant he made in 
the presemoeof King Henry and his barons. He m. 
Maude, daughter of Roger Bigot, with whom he ob- 
tained ten knl^ta* fees in Norfolk— and had issue, 
William. 
NigaL 
Oliver. 

Oliva, m. to Raphe de Haya, afeudal baron of 
great power. 

At the obsequies of Maude, WiUlam de Albini 
gave to the monks of Wymundham, the manor of 
Hapesburg, in pure alms, and made livery thereof 
to the said monks by a cross of silver, in which, 
(says Dugdale,) was placed certain venerable re- 
liques, via. " part of the wood of the Cross whereon 
onr Lord was crudfledt part of the manger wherein 
he was laid at hlsUrth; and part of the sepulchre 
of the Idessed Virgin ; as also a gold ring, and 
a silver chalice, for retaining tite holy eudiarist, 
admirably wrought in form of a sphere : unto 
which pious donation his three sons were wit- 
nesses, with several other penons.** The exact 
%me of the itecessn of this great feudal baron is not 
ascertained, but it Is known that he was buried 
before the high altar in the Abbey of Wymundham. 
and that the monks were in the constant habit of 
pra3ring for his soul, by the name of ** William de 
Albini the king's butler." He was «. by his eldest 
son, 

WILLIAM DE ALBINI, sumamed «' William 
with the strong hand," from the following circum- 
stance, as related by Dugdale— 

«• It happened that the Queen of France, being 
then a widow, and a very beautiful woman, became 
much in love with a knight of that country, who 
waa a comdy p«san, and in the flower of Us youth : 



and because she thought that no man excelled him 
in valour, she caused a tournament to be proclaimed 
throughout her dominions, promising to reward 
those who should exercise themselves therein, ac- 
cording to their respective demerits ; and conclud- 
ing that if the person whom she so weU allbctad, 
should act his part better than others in those mili- 
tary exercises, she might marry him without any 
dishonour to herself. Hereupon divers gallant men, 
from forrain parts hasting to Paris, amongst others 
came this our William de Albini, bravely accou- 
tred i and in the tournament exodled all others, 
overooming many, and wounding one mortally 
with hb lance, wUch being obeerved by the queen 
shee became exceedingly snamoured (MT him, and 
forthwith invited him to a costly banquet, and 
afterwards bestowing certain jewels upon Mm, of- 
fered him marriage I but having plighted Us troth 
to the Queen of England, then a widow, he refused 
her, whereat she grew so much discontented, that 
she consulted with her maids how she might take 
away his Mfe; and in pursuance of that designe, 
inticed him into a garden, where there was a secret 
cave, and in it a fierce lion, unto which she de- 
scended by divers steps, under colour of shewing 
Urn the beast ; and when Ae told Um of Yom fierce- 
ness, he answered, that it was a womanish and not 
a manly quality to be afraid thereof. But having 
him there, by the advantage of a folding door, 
thrust Um in to the lion } being therefore in this 
danger, he rolled his mantle about his arm, and 
putting Us hand into the mouth of the beest, 
pulled out his tongue by the roott wUch done* he 
fallowed the queen to her palace, and gave it to one 
of her maids to present her. Returning thereupon 
to Englahd, with the fame of tUs glorious exploit ; 
he was forthwith advanced to the EARJuanoMa 
OP AnuiTonL, and for his arms the LroN given 
him." He subsequently obtained the hand of 
the Queen Adelisa, relict of King Henry 1., and 
daughter of OonraaY, Dukb of LoitnAiNS, 
wUdi Addita, had the CAaTLi or Arunojh* in 
dowry from the deceased monardi, and thus her 
new lord became its feudal earL His lordsUp was 
one of those who solicited the Empress Maude 
to come into England, and received her and her 
brother RonanT, EAni< op Glovckbtbr, at the 
Port of Arundel, in August 1138, and in three 
years afrerwards (1149), in the report made of 
King Stephen's takfaig William de Mandevil at 
St. Albans, it is stated—'* that before he could be 
laid hold on, he underwent a sharp skirmish with 
the king's party, wherein the Earl of Arundell, 
though a stout and expert souldier, was unhorsed 
in the midst of the water by Walkeline de Oxeai, 
and almost drowned." In 1100, Yom lordsUp wrote 
himself Earl op Chichx8TRR, but we find him 
styled again Earl op Aruwdbl, upon a very me- 
morable occasion— namely, the reconcUiation of 
Hoary Duke of Normandy, (afterwards Henry II.) 
and King Stephen at the siege of Wallingford 
Castte in 11«. •• It was scarce possible," says 
Rapin, *« for the armies to part without fighting. 
Accordingly the two leaden were preparing for 
batae with equal ardour, when by the prudent 
advice of the Earl op Arundrl, who was on the 

3 



ALB 



ALD 



king's tide, they were prevented fVom coming to 
blows." A truce and peace followed this interfer- 
ence of the earl's, which led to the subsequent 
accession of Henry after Stephen's decease, in whose 
favour the earl stood so high, that he not only 
obtained for himself and his heirs, the castle and 
honour of Arundel, but a oonflrmation of the 
Earldom of Sussbz, of which county he was really 
Earl, by a grant of the Tmiium DenoHMm of the 
pleas of that shire. In 1164, we find the Earl of 
Arundel deputed with Gilbert Foliot, Bishop of 
London, to remonstrate with Lewis, King of 
France, upon affording an asylum to Thomas A 
Becket within his dominions, and on the failure of 
that mission, dispatched with the Archbishop of 
York, the Bishops of Winchester, London, Chi- 
chester, and Exeter— Wido Rufiu, Ridiard de 
Invecestre, John de Oxford (Priests)— Hugh de 
Gundevile, Bernard de St. Valery, and Henry Fits- 
gerald. to lay the whole aflOdr of Becket at the foot 
of the pontifical thron& Upon this occasion the 
Earl of Arundel is said thus to have addressed the 
Pope—*' Sir, we being illiterate, are Ignorant what 
the bishops have expressed ; but we are not to be 
instructed to what purpose we are sent. We come 
not to do any thing contumeliously in the pre- 
sence of so great a person, to whose authority the 
whole world doth stoop ; but we are to declare, in 
the presence of this whole court, how great a devo- 
tion our king hath borne, and doth bear to your 
holyness t and that if he could have found out any 
persons more great and noble to have signified the 
same, than these now sent, he would have em- 
ployed them on this errand." Upon levying the 
aid for the marriage of the king's daughter— 12th 
of Henry IL, the knights* fees of the honour of 
Arundel were certified to be ninety-seven, and those 
in Norfolk belonging to the earl, forty-two. In 
1173, we find the Earl of Arundel commanding in 
conjunction with William Earl of Mandeville, 
the king's army in Normandy, and compelling the 
French monarch to abandon Vemeuil softer a long 
siege, and in the next year, with Richard de Lucy, 
Justice of England, defcating Robert Earl of Lei- 
cester, then in rebellion at St. Edmundsbury. This 
potent nobleman, after founding and endowing 
several rdigious houses, departed this life at 
Waverley, in Surrey, on the 3d of October U^S, 
and was buried in the Abbey of Wymundham. 
His lordship left four sons and three daughters, 
vis.—* 

1. William. • 1 . 

2. Godfrey. 

a 

4. 

1. Alice, m. to John Earl of Ewe. 
9. Oliva. 

3. Agatha. 

He was «. by his eldest son, 

WILLIAM DE ALBINI, second earl, who had a 
grant fkom the crown, 23rd Henry IL, of the earldom 
of Sussex, and in the 1st of Richard I., had a con- 
firmation from that prince, of the castle and honour 
of Arundel, as also of the Ttrtium DeiMviwm of the 
county of Sussex. In five years afterwards we find 
this nobleman paying eighty-four pounds* ten ihil- 
4 



lingi, for his scutage for King Richard's redemp- 
tion, and the next year one hundred pounds, for his 
relief for his lands in Norfolk. His lordship was at 
Rutfnimede at the signing of the great charters, but 
upon the king's side; he subsequently, however, 
swore to obey the determination of the twenty-five 
barons, chosen to enforce the execution of those 
charters. In 1218, the earl embarked in the Cru- 
sade, and was at the celebrated siege of DamieU, 
but died in returning, anno 1222. His lordship m. 
Maude, daughter and heiress of James de Sancto 
Sitfonio, and widow of Roger, Earl of Clare, by 
whom he left issue. 

William, \ .uceeseors to the earldom. 
Hugh, j 

Isabd, m. to John FiTSALAir» Baron of CIuo 

and Oswestry. 
Mabel, m. to Robert de Tateshall. 
Nicolaa* m. to Roger de Somery. 
Cecilia, m. to Roger de Montalt. 
Colet, m. to 
The earl was «. by his elder son, 

WILLIAM DE ALBINI, third earl, whom. Mabel, 
second of the four sisters and co-heiresses of Ranulph, 
Earl of Chester, with whom he obtained landed pro- 
perty to the amount of £500. per annum. Dying, 
however, issueless In the eighteenth year of Henry 
HI., his honours devolved upon his only brother 
(then in minority), 

HUGH DE ALBINI, fourth earl. This nobleman 
gave two thousand and five hundred marks fine to 
the king for the possession of all the lands and castles 
which descended to him ftom his brother, and those 
which he inherited from his uncle, Hbcmuifht Earl 
or Chbstsr. . At the nuptials of King Henry III. 
we find the Earl of Warren serving the king with the 
royal cup in the place of this earl, by reason he was 
then but a youth, and not knighted. His lordship 
m. Isabel, daughter of William, Earl of Warren and 
Surrey, but dying in 1943, ». p., this branch of the 
great house of Albini expired, while its large pos- 
sessions devolved upon the earl's sisters as co- 
heiresses— ^hus, 
Mabell Tateshall, had the castle and manor of 

Buckenham. 
Isabel Fitaallan, had the castle and manor of 
Arundel, Jcc., which conveyed the earldom to 
her husband. 
Nichola de -Somery, had the manor of Barwe, 

in the county of Leicester. 
Cecilie de Montalt, had the castle of Rising, in 

the cotmty of Norfolk. 
The earl l^ul another sister, Colet, to whom her 
uncle, Ranulph, Earl of Chester, gave thirty pounds 
towards her marriage portion, which gift was con- 
firmed by King Henry III. 

Aaica— Gu. a lion rampant or, armed and lan- 
gued 



ALDEBUROH — BARONS ALD£. 

BURGH. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 8th January, 1371, 
44 Edward IIL 

WILLIAM DE ALDEBURGH was summoned 



ALL 



AMO 



to parliamait m • babow , from 8th Janiury, 1371, 
to 8th August. IMS, in which Istter jeax hit lord- 
ship died, and was «. by hit only won, 

WILLIAM DE ALD.EBURGH, leeond baron, 
but nerer gummoiMd to parliamenL Thia noble- 
man dying without iaaue, the Babony or Aldb- 
BUBOB hil into ABBYAircB,Bt hja lordahip't deoeaae, 
b c C wee u his two aiatcrs. 

ALLINGTON — BARONS ALLING- 
TON OF WYMONDLEY. 

By Letters Patent, dated 6th Dec., IdBS. 

lUneage. 

WILLIAM ALLINGTON, Esq., high sherilT of 
the counties of Cambridge and Huntington, In the 
nign of Edward IV., said to derive flrom Sir Hilda- 
brand de Alington, under-maishal to William the 
Conqueror, at Hastings, m. Elisabeth, only daugh- 
ter and heiress of John de Argentine, fifth Baron 
Argentine, and acquired by her the manor of Wy- 
monddcy, in the county of Hertford, held in grand 
seijeanty, by aerriceof presenting the first cup at the 
coronation of the kings of England ; which service 
was claimed and allowed at the coronation of King 
James II., and has ever since been performed by 
the lords of that numor. From this William Al- 
^^ Ungton and Elisabeth his wife lineally descended 
SIR GILES ALLINGTON, who m. Mary, only 
daughter and hdrcss of Sir Richard Gardiner, Knt., 
and had several children, of whom three of the 
younger sons, George, John, and Richard, were the 
founders of Cunilies. Sir Giles was «. by his ddest 
ton, 

GILES ALLINGTON, Esq.. of Honeheath, in 
the county of Cambridge; high sherilT of that 
shire in the S2d of Henry VIIL, and of Huntingdon 
in the 37th of the same monarch. Mr. Allington 
appears to have attended King Henry VIIL as mas- 
ter of the ordnance at the siege ot Bullolgne, by 
the Inscription of a clock which he brought from 
that siege, and afllxed over the offices at Horsdieath 
Han, in which was the alarum-bdl of the garrison 
of BttUoigne. He died in 1566, and from him U^ 
neally descended 

WILLIAM ALLINGTON, Esq., of Horseheath 
Hall, who was elevated to the peerage of Ireland, 
as Babob Allin otob, of KiUard, on the S8th July, 
1042. His lordship m. Elisabeth, daughter of Sir 
Lionel Tallemarhe, Bart., ot Helminftham, in the 
county of Norfolk, by whmn he had, with five sons, 
three daughters ; vis. 

Elisabeth m. to Charles Lord Seymour, of 

Troubridge. 
Catherine m. to Sir John Jacob, Bart., of 

Gamlinghay, in the county of Cambridge. 
Diana d. unmarried. 
Lord Allington was s. by his second, but eldest 
surviving son, 

WILLIAM ALLINGTON, second baron, who was 
created a peer cf England on the 5th of December, 
1683, by the titleof Babon Allibotob, t^Wpmond- 
lep, in the eountff «if HerU, His lordship st., first, 
Catherine, second daughter of Henry Lord Stanhope, 
son of Philip, second earl of Chesterfield, by whom 



he had no issue. He m., secondly, Joanna, daughter 
of Baptist, Lord Campdeu, and had a daughter, 
Joanna, who m. Scroope, Lord Howe. Lord Al- 
lington, m., thirdly, Diana, daughter of William 
RusseU, first duke of Bedford, by whom he had one 
surviving son, Giles, and two daughters t vis. 

Diana m. to Sir George Warburton, Bart., of 
Arley, in the county of Chester, and d. In 
17U9. 
Catherine m. to Sir Nathaniel Napier, Bart., of 
Middlemersh Hall, in the county of Dorset. 
His lordship d. In 1684, and was suc c eeded by 
his son, 

GILES ALLINGTON, third baron of the Irish 
creation, and second of the English. This nobleman 
dying in his tenth year, anno 16DI, the English 
pe e r a ge expired, while that of Irdand reverted to his 
imde. 

The Hob. Hilobbbawd Allibotob, sob of the 
first lord, as fourth baron ; but his lordship did not 
inherit the fortune. William, the second lord, hav> 
ing devised his estates, the most extensive in the 
county of Cambridge, to his widow during the mi- 
nority of his children, with a power of granting 
leases to raise portions for his daughters, that lady, 
in consequence of an error In the will, found her- 
self possessed of the power of leasing ad infinitum, 
and she accordingly made a lease of the whole to 
Henry Bromley, Esq., afterwards Lord Montford, 
ancestor of the present lord, for 909 yearn ; to whom, 
subsequently, Hildebrand, Lord Allington, also die. 
posed of the small interest then remaining to him 
in the estates. His lordship dying s. p, in 1799, the 
Irish barony of Allibotob or Killabo, likewise 
became bxtibct. 

Abji B-^a. a bend ingrailed betw. six billets as. 

AMORIE^BARONS D*AMORIE. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 90th Nov.« 1317. 
9 Edward II. 

ICincagc. 

GILBERT DE AUMARI. in the 15th Henry II., 
gave fiiteen marks for livery of his lands at Win- 
ford, in the county of Someiset } after this Gilbert 
came another, 

GILBERT D'AMORIE, who in the 99nd Ed. I. 
was in the expedition made Into Gascony. This 
Gilbert had three sons, vis :— 
1. RooBB (Sir), of whom presently. 
9. Nicholas, who in the 6th Ed. II. obtained 
a charter of Free Warren, in all his demesne 
lands within the manors of Bokenhall, and 
Blechesdon, in the county of Oxford, end 
Thomebergh in the county of Bucks. He was 
«. by his son. 

Sib Richabd D'Amobib, who was sum- 
moned to Parliament as a Babob, from 
90th Edw. II. to 4th Edw. III. This 
nobleman was in the wars of Scotland in 
1S90, and In three years afterwards, being 
at the time steward of the king's house- 
hold, had command to besiege the Castle 
of Walingford, then In possession of the 
rebellious lords. His lordship died in 

1330, leaving Issue 

5 



AMO 



ANN 



RicHARDt second banm, but n«T«r 
summoned to parliament. His lord- 
ship who was engaged in the Flemish 
and French wars, from 1911 to Id47, 
d. without issue in 1376, when this 
BAaoNY BXPiRsn. but the estates 
derolved upon his sisters, 
Elisabsth, m. to Sir John Chandos, 

K.G. 
Elbanok, m. to Roger Colyng. 
Maroarbt, whose only child, Isabel, 
m. Sir John Annesley, KnighL 
3. Richard (Sir), continued the male line, after 
the extincti<»i of his elder brothers, and from 
him sprang the family of Damkr, Earls or 
DoRCHBSTRR, ROW represented by the Earl 
oi Portarlington and his brothers. 
The eldest son, 

SIR ROGER DfAMORIE, was summoned to 
parliament as a Baroit, from SOth Nov., 1317, to 
I5th Hay, 1321. This nobleman obtained in 13th 
Edward II., from the crown, confirmed by the 
parliament then held at York, the Manors of 
Sandall, in Yorkshire, Halghton, in the county 
of Oxford, and Faukeshall, in Surrey, as likewise 
<me hundred marks per annum to be paid out of 
the exchequer. His lordship was engaged In the 
wars of Scotland, and was governor at different 
times of Knaresborough Castle, the Castle of 
Gloucester, and St. Briavel's Castle. He was also 
warden of the forest of Dene. He joined, however, 
in the confederacy against the Spencers, and en- 
rolling Jiimaelf under the banner of Thomas, Earl 
of Lancaster, marched on Burton-upon-Trent, and 
Chence to Tutbury Castle, in the county of Stafford, 
where falling ill, he died in 13SB; and was buried 
in the priory at Ware, in Hertfordshire. His lord- 
ship m. Elisabeth, third sister and co-heir of Gilbert 
de Clare, Earl of Gloucester, (who had been pre- 
viously twice a widow, first of John de Burgh, 
Earl of Ulster, and secondly, of Theobald de 
Yerdon, she was also niece of King Edward II.). 
By this lady he had issue, two daughters, his co- 
heirs, vis. 

Elisabeth, m. to John, Lord Bardolph, by 
whom she had 

William, Lord Bardolph, whose son 
Thomas, Lord Bardolph, being attaint- 
ed, the Babonibs or Bardolph and 
D'Amorib, fell under the attainder and 
BXPiBBO In 1404. 
Eleanor, m. to John de Raleigh, progenitor of 
the celebrated Sir Walter Raleigh. 
Upon the decease of Lord D' Amorie, orders were 
given to seise all his lands as an enemy and rebel, 
and to make livery of them to Elizabeth de 
Burgh, bis widow. This lady died in the 34th 
Edward III., leaving, Dugdale says, Elisabeth- 
Lady Bardolph, then above thirty years of age ; 
Nicolaa calls thb Elisabeth the only daughter 
and heir of Roger, Lord D' Amorie; as such, she 
of course inherited the Barony of Damorie, and 
It BXPiRBD as stated above, with that of Bar- 
dolph ; but Banks mentions the other daugh- 
ter, who if Sir Walter Raleigh sprang from 
her, left descendants, amongst some of whom 

a 



the Barony or D'Amorib, may yet be in abby- 

ANCB. 

Arms. Barry of six, nebulte, as. and gu., abend 



ANNESLEY—EARLS OF ANGLESEY. 

By Letters Patent, dated aoth April, 1001. 

^incagt. 

The ancient fkmily of Annbslby, derived their 
surname flrom the town of Annesley, in the county 
of Nottingham, which was possessed in 1079, by 

RICHARD DE ANNESLEY, txom whom line- 
ally descended 

SIR JOHN ANNESLEY, Knight of Hedynton, 
in the county of Oxfbrd, member of parliament for 
the county of Nottingham, temp. Edward III. and 
Richard II. This gentleman m. Isabel, daughter 
and heir of Margeret, third sister and co-heir of 
Sir John Chandos, K.G., Baron of SL Saviour le 
Viscotmt, in Normandy, whereby becoming inter- 
ested in that barony, he cited Thomas de Caterton, 
who had been governor of the castle of St. Saviour 
le Viscount, into the Court of Chivalry, to appesr 
before the Lord High Constable of England and 
others, at Westminster, on 7th May, 1380, to answer 
his delivering up to the French the said castle of 
St. Saviour's, a third part whereof being Sir John's 
property, in right of his wife. And the said Thomas, 
endeavouring to avoid the challenge by frivcdous 
exceptions, John, Duke of Lancaster, third son of 
King Edward III., swore, that if he did not perform 
what he ought to do therein, according to the law 
of arms, he should be drawn to the gallows as a 
traitor. The combat took place in the March fol- 
lowing, in the Palace Yard of Westminster, and 
" Caterton," says Barnes, in his History of Ed- 
ward III., " was a mighty man of valour, of a. 
large stature, and tax overtopped the knight, being 
also of great expectation in such matters. But, 
however, whether Justice, or chance, or valour, 
only decided the business, the knight prevailed, and 
Caterton, the day after the combat (as some say,) 
died of his wouxids, though, considering the laws 
attending duels in such cases, I rather incline to 
Fabian, who affirms he was drawn to Tyburn, and 
there hanged for the treason, whereof being van- 
quished he was proved guilty." The king uking 
into consideration the damage done to this Sir John 
Annesley, was pleased, SOth May, 1385, to grant to 
him, and Isabel his wife, for their lives, an annuity 
of £aq. per annum out of the exchequer. He was 
9. by his son, 

THOMAS ANNESLEY. of Annesley, in the 
county of Nottingham, member of parliament for 
that Shiie, temp. Richard II., firom whom de- 
scended, 

ROBERT ANNESLEY, of Newport-Pagnel, in 
the county of Bucks, who died in the first year of 
Queen Mary. And we pass to his great grand- 
son, 

SIR FRANCIS ANNESLEY, Knight, of New- 
port-Pagnel, who was created a Baronbt or Irb- 
land, upon the institution of that order by King 
James I. And filling the ofllces in the Irish go- 
vernment of Pice Troaturtr and Seeretanf (^ State* 



ANN 



ANN 



he was elerated to th« peerafie of that kingdom, tyy 
l«tten patent, dated 8th Fetmiary, lAK, as Baron 
MousTT Noams, of Mount Norrls, In the county 
of Annagh, having been created the year pre- 
Tiottsly ViscocivT VALswTia, in the county <)€ 
Kerry, to hold immediately after the death of 
Henry Power, the then Viscount Yalentia, In case 
the said Henry died without male issue, whkh 
dignity he accordingly enjoyed upon the decease 
of that nobleman. In the 19th of James I. Sir 
Franda, then one of the principal Secretaries of 
State, was in oommiasion with the Lord Deputy, 
the Lord Chancellor, and the Archbishop <k Ar- 
magh; to inquire into the clerical aflhirs of Ire- 
land. During the lieutenancy of the Earl of 
Straflbfd, hia kyrdshipwas, however, eommitted to 
prison, and aentenced to lose his head, by a most 
extraordinary stietdi of power, which proceeding 
alt ei w ards constituted die flth article of the im- 
peachment of Lord StraflTord. The diarge against 
Lord Mountnonls, upon which he was tried and 
condemned toy a council of war, was thus set forth 
by the Lord Deputy himself :—*< That within 
three or four days, or thereabouts, after the end of 
the parliament, it being mentioned at the Lord 
ChanoeDox's Uble, that after we, the Lord Deputy, 
had dissolved the parliament, being sitting doim in 
the presence-chamber, one of our servants, in 
moving a stool, happened to hurt our foot, then 
indispoaed through an acceauon of gout ; that one 
then present «t the Lord Chancellor's table, said to the 
Lord Mountnorrfs, being there likewise, that it was 
Anneslay, hia lordship's kinsman, and one of our, 
the Lord Deputy and gcncnl^ gentlemen ushers, 
had done It; whereupon the Lord Mountnorris 
than pabUdy, and in a soomftil, contemptuous 
manner, answered, ' Fwhapt U tpa» dons in revenge 
a/ that pmbUc ^fiyma acAfc* mif hard Deputy had 
done himformertp g hut he hat a brother ^kat would 
net take aueh a revenge /"* which public aftont the 
Lord Deputy thus explains :— «« That his said kins- 
man, (being one of the horse troop commanded by 
na, the Lord Deputy,) in the time of exercising the 
aaid troop, waa out of order on horseback, to the 
disturbaaoe of the rest, then in exercising; for 
which we, the Lord Deputy, in a mild manner, re- 
proving, as soon as we tuned aaide from him, we 
observed him to laugh and Jeer us for our just re- 
proof of him { whidi tse disliking, returned to him, 
and laying a small cane (which we then carried) on 
his shouldcn (yet without any blow or stroke then 
given him therewith), told Mm. that, if he did 
serve ua ao any more, we would lay him over the 
pate.** And the Lord Deputy draws his infinrence 
thua against Lord Monntnonis :— *< We conceive 
oflbnee to contain an incitement to revenge in 
these words, ' but he hae a brother ^at wouU net 
take eueh a reeenge .*' whidi incitement might have 
given encouragement to that brother, being then 
and now In thia kingdom, and lieutenant of the 
aaid Lord Mountnorris's foot company." Upon 
this fHvolone 'accusation Lord Mountnorris waa 
found guilty, and a^ludged " to be imprisoned, to 
atttid from henoelbrth deprived ftom all the places, 
with the entertainments due thereunto, which he 
holds now in the army, to be. disarmedi to be ba- 



nished the army, and disabled ftnm ever bearing 
office therein hereafter ; and, lastly, to be shot to 
death, or to lose his head, at the pleasure of the 
general. Given at his Majesty's Castle of Dublin, 
I9th day of December, l6Sft." Although the extre- 
mity of this iniquitous sentence was not put into 
execution, his lordship was deprived, in confor- 
mity with it, of all his offices, and oonflned in the 
Castle of Dublin for nearly a year and a Half. He 
Uved, however, to witness the disgrace and public 
execution of hie persecutor, the Earl of Strafford 
Lord Mountnorris, who became Viscount Yalentia, 
m., first, Dorothy, daughter of Sir John Philips, of 
Picton Castle, in the county of Pembroke, by whom 
he had, with other issue, 
AuTHua, his suoosaaor. 
John, m. Charity, daughter of Henry Warren, 
Esq., of Grange Begg, in the county of Kil- 
dare. 
Anne, m. to George Cook, Esq.* of PebmJursh, 
in the county of Essex. 
His lordship espoused, secondly, Jane, daughter 
of Sir John Stanhope, Knt., sister of Philip, Earl of 
Chesterfield, and widow of Sir Peter Courteue, 
Bart, of Adlington, in the county of Woroeater, by 
whom he had surviving issue : 

Francis, of Cloghmaghertcalt, afterwards Cas- 
tle Wdlan, In the oounty of Down, who m. 
Debora, daughter of Doctor Henry Jones, 
BUhop of Meath, and widow of John Boud- 
« ler, Esq., of Dublin, and was «. by his son. 
Frauds, member of the Irish parliament 
for Downpatrick, and of the E^Ush- 
for Westbury, m. EUaabeth, daughter of 
Sir John Martin of London, by whom, 
with several other children, he had 
William, who was elevated to the 
peerage of Ireland, as Baron 
Annealeir* of Castle Wdlan, and 
Viscount OLSRAWLnv. 
Catharine, m. to Sir Randolph Beresford, Bart, 
of Colerain. 
The Viscount d. in 1060, and was «. by his eldest son, 
ARTHUR ANNESLEY, second Yicount Yalen- 
tia. This nobleman was appointed in the life-time 
of his father (anno 164S), first of the three com- 
missioners then nominated by parliament, to govern 
the kingdom of Ireland. And a little belbre the 
restoration, in the year 1060, being President of the 
Coimdl, he evinced, according to Lord Clarendon, 
a strong disposition towarda the exiled monarch, 
for which, and his subsequent adhesion to the re- 
stored government, he was sworn -of the Privy 
Council, and created, 90th April, IMl, a peer of 
England, by the titles of Baron Anneeleif of Newport- 
Pagnel in the County of Bucks, and Earl or 

ANOLBSnY. 

His lordship subsequently held the ofllce of Privy 
SeaL He was a person of learning— a distinguished 
statesman, and an able political writer. The earl 
m. Eliaabeth, one of the daughter* andcoheiTs of 
Sh: Jamea Altham, Knight of Oxey, in the county 
of Herts, one of the Barons of the Exchequer, by 
whom he had five sons and five daughten, viSk 

1. Jambb, Lord Annesley. 

2. Altram, who was created an Irish Peer, 

7 



i1 



ANN 



ANN 



14th February, 1680. by the title of Baeow 
Altham* with limitation to his younger 
brothers. His lordship, m. first, Alice, 
daughter and sole heiress of Charles Leigh, 
Esq., of Leighton Buxzard, in the county 
of Bedford, and grand-daughter of Thomas, 
first Lord Leigh, but had no Issue. He 
espoused, secondly, , and dying in 

1(98, was ; by his only son. 
Jambs Gborgb, second Lord Altham, at 
whose decease, in infimcy, the dignity 
reverted to his uncle. 
The Hon. and very Rev. 

RicHABD Annbblby, (3) Dean of Exe- 
ter, as third Lord Altham, who d, in 
1701, the year in which he succeeded 
to the peerage, and was *. by his son, 
Arthur* fourth Lord Altham, 
who m. Mary, iUagitimate 
daughter of John Sheffield, 
Duke of Buckingham, but dy- 
ing, as supposed, issueless, in 
1727, the title devolved upon 
his brother, 
Richard, fifth Lord Altham, of 
whom hereafter, as sixth Eabt 

or ANOI.X8BY. 

3. Richard, in holy orders. Dean of Exeter, 

who inherited, as stated above, the Ba- 
ROH V or AI.THAM, upon the dcceaseof his 
nephew. 

4. Arthur, 
ft. Charles. 

1. Dbrothy, m. ta Richard Power, Earl of Ty- 
rone. 

5. Elisabeth, m. to the Honorable Alexan- 

der Macdonnell, second son of the Earl 
of Antrim. 

3. Frances, m. first, to Francis Windham, 
Esq., of- Felbridge, and secondly, to Sir 
John Thompson, of Haveisham, Bucks, 
Bart., afterwards Lord Haversham. 

4k Philippe, m. first, to Charles, Lord Mobun, 
and secondly, to Thomas Coward, Esq., of 
the county of Somerset, serJeant at law. 

6. Anne, m. to — Baker, Esq. 

Ills lordship d, 6th April, 1686, and was §. by his 
eldest son, 

JAMES ANNESLEY, second Earl of Anglesey, 
who m. Lady Eliaabeth Manners, daughter of John, 
Earl of Rutland, and had issue, 

JAMBS, Lord Annesley, ) successively Earls of 

Arthur, ) A»«^-^' 

Elisabeth, m. to Robert Gayer, Esq., of Stoke 
Poges, in the county of Bucks. 
His lordship d. in 1690, and was *. by his eldest son, 
JAMES ANNESLEY, third Earl of Anglesey. 
This nobleman m. 98th October, 1699, Lady 
Catherine Damley, natural daughter of King 
James II., by Catherine, daughter of Sir Charles 
^ Sedley, Bart., by whom he had an only daughter 
•ad heiress, 

Catherine, who m. William Phipps, Esq., son 
of Sir Constantine Phipps, Knight, Lord 
Chancellor of Ireland, and had issue, | 

8 



CoHSTAKTiHB Phipps, Created Barcn 
Mulgrave, in the peerage of Irdand. 
A dignity inherited by his lordship's 
son Hbnrt, present Earl of Mulgrave. 

His lordship d, 18th January, 1701-8, and having 
no male issue, the honours devolved upon his 
brother, 

JOHN ANNESLEY, fourth Earl of Anglesey, 
who, in the year 1710, was constituted Vice Trea- 
surer, Receiver General, and Paymaster of the 
Forces in Ireland, and sworn of the privy counciL 
His lordship m. in 1706, Lady HenrieCU Stanley, 
eldest daughter and co-heir of William, Earl of 
Derby, by whom he had an only daughter, Elisa- 
beth, who d. in infkncy. The earl d, 18th SepL, 
1710, and was «. by his only surviving brother, 

ARTHUR ANNESLEY, fifth Earl of Anglesey. 
Upon the death ot Queen Anne, this nobleman was 
chosen by King George I. to be one of the lords 
justices, until his Mi^esty's arrival ftom Hanover t 
after which he was sworn of the privy oounciL He 
was afterwards joint treasurer of Ireland, and trea- 
surer at war. His lordship was also high steward 
of the University of Cambridge, which scat of 
learning he represented in three successive parlia- 
ments while a commoner. He m. Mary, daughter 
of John Thompson, Lord Haversham, but dying 
without issue, the honours were wsumed by hie 
kinsman, 

RICHARD ANNESLEY, fifth Lord Altham, as 
sixth Earl of Anglesey (revert to issi^ of Arthur, 
second Viscotmt Valentia and first Earl of Angle- 
sey). Soon after the assumption of the dignity by 
this Earl Richard, a claimant to the honours arose 
in Mr. James Annesley, who asserted himself to be 
the son of Arthur, fourth Lord Altham, by Mary, 
his wife, and a publication entitled, ** The Adven- 
tures of an Unfortunate Young Nobleman,** sets 
forth his case in a very curious and interesting 
narrative. In that statement it is alleged that Mr. 
Annesley is the true and lawful son and heir of 
Arthur, Lord Altham, and that he had been kid- 
napped and transported by his uncle Richard, to 
make room for his own accession to the honours 
and estates of the family. Mr. Annesley did more, 
however, to establish his legitimacy. He commenced 
a suit at law for the recovery of his property ftom 
his uncle, and after a trial in the Court of Exche- 
quer in Ireland, James Annesley, against Richard, 
called Earl of Anglesey, commenced 11th November, 
1743, and continued by a4)oumment daily to the 
Sftth of the same month, he obtained a Vbrdict. 
But he docs not appear to have made any effort for 
the peerage, for Richard survived the issue of 
the suit eighteen years, and was always esteemed 
Eu\ of Anglesey. The conduct of this nobleman 
to Miss Simpson, a lady whom he married, was 
quite as atrocious, as the alleged expatriation of his 
nephew. 

" In the year 17S7f (Myi Jacob, in his peerage,) 
the Honourable Richard Annesley, the youngest 
son of Richard, Lord Altham, Dean of Exeter, 
who had been an ensign in the army, but struck off 
the half-pay in the year 17I&, and then destitute of 
any fortune or subsistence whatever, being at 
Dublin, and passing as a bachelor, made his ad- 



ANN 



ANN 



I to Milt AHMSImpMB* the only daaifiKtm of 
Mr. John Shupaam, • weitthy abd nputaUe cltiaai» 
■ha at that time Mng no man Uum ftnurtMtt or 
flllMD yaon of afa Afker maoy aoUdtatioM (h«r 

auMt careful guardian havinf diad 
befoie) ha at length prerallad on har 
to be peiTatdy nmriad to him, without the know- 
ladgaoruBwmtof her fitther. who was highly die- 
pieeeed with har on that aoeouat. But Aithur* 
Lord Althaas. eider brodier of the eaid Richaid, 
ha^teg ittterpoMd hie good oOoei lior a remnrtHa. 
tion. they were e«iiB. at tha raquirition of her 
r, and of tha Mid Lord Altham, who taaisted 
it* maniad in a jnihilc menner, by tha Rar. 
Henry Daniel, then Curate of St CatharinePe, by 
a licence taken out of the Consietorial Court of the 
dUooeM at DaMin. Mr. Slmpeon, her ftither, thera- 
upon wae noi only recon cil ed to thenif and took 
hie laid daughter and her husbend Into hia favour 
and family, but gave the said Ridiard a concider- 
able portiaii with her, and supported them for 
aome years alter their marriage, suitaUe to their 
TBdi» which was attended with an extraordinary 
nrpenrr, osi aoooont of the said Rlcherd's having 
by tha death of his alder brother, which happened 
soon after liia marriage^ aasumed tha title of Lord 
Akham. and from the time of tha said marriage, 
they Hved publicly together as man and wife, under 
tha dmmninatfrm of Lord and Lady Althara. and 
ae SiMli wave aniverseHy deemed, reputed, and ra> 
oelved, and U ea t e d by all their arqnahnlances. In 
the year 170^ Nicholas Simpson, a rriation of her 
fSsther, filed his Mil In Chimcery agalnat the said 
RidiBrd Lord Altham, and Anne, Lady Altham, his 
wife, to be reeved egalnet a promisaory note, per- 
fected by the said Nicholas to them or one of them ; 
to whidi bin they put ina joint answer, taken upon 
honor, by tha name and style of Richard, Lord 
Altham, and Anne, Baroness Altham, his wlfes 
wherein tha said Richard admowledgad his mar- 
lii^ with the said Anna, which bill and answer 
are opon reoovd in that Court. 

» On tha death of Mr. Simpeon, Lady Altham's 
fether, in thayeer 1730^ he bequeat h ed legacies to 
her ladyahip and Lord Altham, as his daughter and 
son-in-law, and Lord Altham received the property 
so devised, in seven years afterwards Arthur, Eari 
of Anglesey, dying without issue, Richard, Lord 
Altham, Msumed Otat dignity, and as such, with 
his lady, was presented to the Puke of Devonshire, 
then lord lieutenant of Irdand, and both were 
acknowledged at the Irish court aa Earl and Coun- 
tess of Anglesey. Up to this period liis lordship 
appeara to have lived in great harmony with his 
countess, and to have taken great care of the educa- 
tion of his three daughters i but having soon after 
Itemed a criminal connection with one Julian Do- 
novan, the daugltter of Richard Donovan, a penon 
who kept an rniHrtnif^ ale-house in the village of 

r his lordaUp'B residence, he thenoa- 
bsgan to treat thacountem and her children 
with great indifferenoe and neglect, and was at 
length, by the contrivance of the said Julian Dono- 
van, and the wicked arts of one John Jans, a sur- 
geon, her confederate, prevailed upon, not only to 
treat them with great cnieity» and totally to aban- 



don her and his hapless diiMiaa to abaahite want, 
but to break open her escrutoire, and rob her of all 
her writinffi, partioalarly of a deed of provision fSor 
her and her said daughter, wUch had been deUverad 
into her own custody some time befcre by her 
brather, John Simpson. But happily fbr her and 
her wafe r iun atediildrsn, the original draft of the 
deed, ae settled by Sir Simon Bradatraet, hath been 
since acknowledged, and due exacutian of the said 
deed proved by the witnesses. In the year 1741 the 
couBtaas Institntad a suit in the Bfrrleslastiral court, 
for cmehy asid adukery egainat the eari, and she 
then obtained en order against his terdaMp far an 
interim alimony of four pounds a week, until a Mi 
sentence should be pronounced; and further, that 
tha said earl should pay her costs to that time, end 
her futuro costs in the cause. The said earl having 
been served with a monition to obey the said order, 
and having derlined to p e itoim the same, sentence 
of cKOonunnnicatian was pronounced egainat him ; 
and having adU continued in ohatinacy, he wae, 
after all due forms had been used, dechoed on 
excommunicated person, end so remained till hie 
death. Application was made to the lord chan- 
cellor for a writ <!« ercomrntmltfoto caplsmto, to take 
the said earl into custody, but the chancdlor refitt- 
ing to gnat it on aceount of the privilege of peer 
ageb the luunless eventually gained nothing by the 
suit I andhersolesupport, and that of her children, 
flpom t h enc e forward to her death, whidi happened 
in August, .17U, was derived fWmi a pension of 
£flOOL a yeer upon the Irish establishment. Here it 
is to be observed, tliat the Earl of An^esey having 
tried in vain to get up a case of adultery against 
the oountem, at length attempted to deflsnd him- 
sdf in the Consistorial court, by alleging that, at the 
period of his union with the countess, he had then 
a wife living in England, named Anne Phrust. 

" From this period the earl lived entirely with 
Juliana Donovan, to whom he wae married in 17W, 
at Camolin Park, by the Rev. Laurence Neale. 
althoui^ it appears that the oouatais was then 
alive, and lived for thirteen years after, being four 
years longer then his lordship.'* 
By his unhappy lady the earl had surviving iaaue, 
Dorothea, la. to — Dubois, Esq. 
Carottne, m.U>^ Oreen, \ k,. . .^ 
Elliabeth,m. to -Green, ;«wothei». 

By Juliana Donovan he had AnrHua, and other 
children. 

His loidahip d. on the 4th February, 1761, when 
the legitimacy of his son was contested by the heir 
at law, John Annesley, Esq., of Ballysack, who 
petitioned the Irish parliament to be admitted to 
the honours of the fkmily. The matter excited great 
pubUc interest, and was pending in the Irish House 
of Lords nearly four years, when their kmlshlps 
came to a deciskm esUMishing the marriage with 
Miss Donovan, and confirming the righto of her son, 
AmTHua, as Baron Mountnonis. Baron Altham, 
and Viacount Valcntia, and as a Baronet 
of Irehmd-«nd hiskwdshlp took his seat ac- 
cordingly when he came of age, anno 17VS* in 
the House of Lords. He then applied for his 
writ to the English House of Peers, as Earl of 
Angleeey, but then the decision as to his legl- 



C 



9 



A^S 



ARC 



tinufecy and th« marrUige of hto mother, wm 
against him, and the writ was denied. He 
oootlnued to tit in the Irish parlianunt how- 
ever as Visooimt Valentia (his case being 
again inTestigated»and his right conflnned), 
and was created, in 1793, Eael or liocNT- 
iroiiRia. in the peerage of Irehmd— dignities 
now borne by his lordship's son and successor, 
George, present Earl or MouwrivoBRia. 
Upon the decease of Richard, Ear]< or Am OLa- 
8BV, therefore, in 1701* the bartdom or Aholb- 
BBY is deemed to have expired— and the dignity has 
since been conftrred upon another funiiy. 
ARMa.— Paly of six ar. and aa. a band gules. 

ANSON — BARON ANSON, OF SO- 
BERTON, IN THE COUNTY 
OF SOUTHAMPTON. 
By Letters Patent, dated Uth June, 1747* 
The AK801V8 have been leated in the county of 
Staflbrd for several gen^^rations : formerly at Dun- 
ston t but stn^ the time of James I. at Shug- 
borough, a manor purchased in that monarch's 
leign, by William AiraoN, Esq., whose descen- 
dant, 

WILLIAM ANSON, E^., of Shugborough, m. 
Isabella, daughter and co-hdress of Charles Car- 
rier, Esq., of Wirksworth, in the oouAty of Derby, 
and had issue, 

Thomas, who dying s. p., left his estates to his 
nephew, George Adams, Esq., with an In- 
junction that he should assume the name 
and arms of Anson. 
Gborob, of whom presently. 
,<Janetta, m. to Sambroke Adams, Esq., of Sam- 
broke, in the county of Salop, and had issue, 
Oborob, who succeeded to the estates of 
both his unclas, and assumed by sign 
manual, 30th April, 1773, the surname 
•and arms of Anbon. Mr. Anson m. In 
1763, the Hon. Mary Vernon, daughter 
of George, first Lord Vernon, and was 
jt. by his eldest son. 

Thomas Anbon, Esq., who was cra> 
ated, on 17th February, 1806, Baron 
-fiBftsrtofiandVxacouNT Anbon. His 
lordship m. in 17M, Anne Marga- 
ret, daughter of Thomas Wenman 
Coke, Esq., of Holkham. and dy- 
ing In 1818, was «. by his ddest son, 
Thomas William, pr e sent Via- 
oouNT Anbon. 
Mr. Anson's younger scm, 

GEORGE ANSON, Esq., so celebrated as a 
naval commander, and immortalised as a dreum- 
navigator, was eleviued to the peerage as a reward 
for his useful and gallant services, on 13th June, 
1747, in the dignity of Baron Anson, of Soberton, 
in the county of Southampton. The achievements 
of this great captain are too ample for detail in a 
work of this description, and in reelity belong to 
another branch of literature^ His voyage to the 
South Seas his perlla— Us capture of the rich 
ManlHa ship, and his eventual arrival at home, 
have been published by authority. The month 
preceding his advanocaoent to the peenge* Vice 
10 



Admiral Anscin, then in commaiidof a squadron, 
captured a large 'fleet of French merchantmen, 
bound to the West Indies, with almost the entire 
convoy of men of war that conducted iL Lord 
Anson, alter passing through the usual gradations, 
was made Vice Admiral of England. He was also a 
lord of the Admiralty. His lordship m. Lady Elisa- 
beth York, daughter of Philip« first Earl of Hard- 
wick, but dying with«»ut issue, in 1768, the Barony 
or Anbon became bxtinct, while his estates de- 
volved upon hisliephew, Gborob Adams, Esq. 
(refer to children of William Anson, Esq.). 

Arms. — Quarterly, first and fourth ar., three bends 
ingrailed gules., leoond and third sa., a bend be- 
tween three half spears, ar. "cc^^ot/ 



AP-ADAM— BARONS DE AP-ADAM. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 6th February, 1999, 
87 Edward I. 

Xtncagc. 

JOHN DE AP-ADAM having married, in the 
19th year of king Edward I., Elisabeth, daughter 
and heireM of John de Gumai, Lord of Beverstan, in 
the county of Gloucester, obtained considerable 
landed property in that shire by the alliance, and, 
in five years afterwards, an accession of estates in 
Somerset s hire, upon the decease of the lady's mo- 
ther, Olivia. This John had a royal charter, in the 
91st of Edward I., for a weddy market and a yearly 
fair to be holden at Beverstan, and another charter, 
in the 96th of the same monarch, for a weekly 
market and annual fkir to be holden at his manor 
of Netherwere. In this latter year he was engaged 
in the Scottish wan ; and again, in eight yean sub- 
sequently. He was summoned to parliament ftom 
the 9ftth of Edward I. to the 9d of Edward II. inclu- 
sive. His lordship died about the year 1300, leaving 
in minority a son and heir, 

THOMAS AP-ADAM, whose wardship Ralph 
de MoKthtrmer obtained, in consideration of six 
thousand marks. This Thomas arrived at matu- 
rity in the 18th of Edward II., and had livery of his 
lands upon doing homage i but of this gentleman 
and family nothing farther is recorded than the 
sale, by his lordship, of his castle of Beverstan and 
manor of Overe, in the county of Gloucester, In 
the 4th year of Edward HI., to Thomas de Berk- 
ley and Margaret his wife. 

Arms Ar. on a cross gu., five mullets or. 

ARCHDEKNE — BARONS ARCH- 

DEKNE. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 15th May, 1321. 

Xincagf. 

THOMAS LE ARCHDEKNE, of Shepestall, 
in the county of Cornwall, petitioned the king, in 
parliament, 35th Edward I., soliciting that an in- 
vestigation might be instituted touching the selxure 
of his lands for nq^lect of service in the wars of 
Scotland, whereas neither himself lunr his ancestors 
had ever been bound to p e i l Um such service, and 
praying Ibr the restitution of the said lands. In 
the 0th of Edward II. this Thomas Le Ardiddme 
was governor of Tintaget Castle, in the county of 



ARC 



ARC 



Cornwall, and. In twdtne yaan aftcnrafdi, a eom- 
miHioner with Ralph Lord Baatet, of Drayton, and 
Arnold de Durefort, to raoelTe all loch pcnons. In 
the duchy of Aqultaine, into protaetlon aa ■hould 
mbmit to the Uni^s authority.. He was wtmmonad 
to parWamant, aa Baboh AncnDSKirB, fhNn the 
Uth May, 1981, to 13th Sept., UM ; and, dyteg, was 
9» by hia aott, 

JOHN LE ARCHDEKNE, teoond baroD-ram- 
mooed to parliinMit on the S5th February, laM; 
Imt not mbiequently. Thla nobleman dltdngulahed 
himaelf hi the expedition to Flanden, in the 13th 
of Edward III., and, two yeert afterwarda, was In 
Soodand, in the train of William de Many. In the 
nest year we And him Mrring under Oliver de 
Ingham in the wan of Oaaoony ; and. In the 19th 
of Edward III., upon the great expedition then 
made into France, he had lummona to fit himadf 
with hone and arma, lo ~that he might be in 
rcadinoM agalnat the Feaat of St. Lawrence to at- 
tend tlie king upon that aiterprita. Again, in the 
fiSth ai the aame mooarch. Lord Ardtdeime at- 
tended Henry Duke of Lancmter upon another ex- 
pedition againet France. Hit lordship m. CedUe, 
dangfater aod heireM of Sir John Fllmtephen, Knt, 
of Haccombe, and was succeeded by hb son, 

WARINE LE ARCHDEKNE, third baron, who 
m. Elisabeth, one of thf sisters and coheiresses of 
John Talbot, of Richard's Castle, and had lasue— 
Alianore, m, to Walter de Lude, by frtiom she 
had, 

William, who d. #. p. 
Alianore, m. to Thomas Hopton. 
Maud, m. to Thomas Vaux. 
Philippa, m. to Hugh Courtenay. 
Margaret, m. to Thomas ArundeL 
At the decease of Lord Axchddme, the barony 
lidl into ABBYAirca, and so continues amongst the 
representatives of his daughters. 
Arma— Ar. three dievrondls sa. 



ARCHER-. BARONS ARCHER, OF 
UMBERSLADE, IN THE 
COUNTY OF WARWICK. 
Created by Letters Patent, dated 14th July, 1747. 

mniagc. 

ROBERT L'ARCHER, son of Fulbert L*Archer, 
who came into England with the Conqueror, ob- 
tained considerable grants trom king Henry I., 
whose tutor he had been, and acquired the lands of 
Omberslade, in the county of Warwick, as a mar- 
riage portion with his wife SeUt, daughter of 
Henry de Villiers, sewer to WllUam de Newburgh, 
Earl of Warwick, all which possessions were con- 
firmed by Henry II. to his son, 
WILLIAM L' ARCHER, whose son, 
JOHN L'ARCHER, betaig champion to Tho- 
mas Earl of Warwick, obtained special charter 
from that nobleman, granting to himaelf and his 
heirs the privilege of hunting and hawking every 
where within the territory of Taneworth, except the 
perk, and of exerdshig aU other Ubertles belonging 
to the earl within Monkspath and Omberslade, 
paying to the said Earl and his heirs twelve bioad- 
anow heads and a couple of capons yearly, at 



Whitsuatide, as an acknowledgment. This John 
d. in the 3ftth Henry III., leaving; Ibur sons and two 
daughters. The three younger sons ap p e ar to 
have been churdunen. Thomas, the seooBd, waa 
prior of St. John's of Jerusalem, in England^ tamp. 
Edward IL The eldsat son, 

JOHN ARCHER, purchased of WilUam de 
Olenhale the manor txt Monkspath, adjoining Om- 
benlade. This John m. Margery, daughter of Sir 
WUltam Traoey, of Todington, in the county of 
Olottceeter, and was «. by his ddast son, 

JOHN ARCHER, who m. Isabel, daughter of 
Ralph Erscote, Esq., of Ersoote, in the county of 
Warwick, by whom he had two sons and two 
daughters i and, dying In the S9d of Edward III., 
was su c ceeded by the elder scm, 

THOMAS ARCHER. This gentleman m. Mar- 
gaiet, daugter and co-heiress of John Malley, Esq., 
of Malley, in the county ct Salop, and had issu^* 
Thomas, his successor. 

OUbert, who, writing himaelf of Taneworth, had 
license from thecrown, in the Idth Ridu IL, 
to givetothepriorandoonventof Kenilworth 
one messuage, with diven lands at Hitchan- 
den, in the county of Bu^inghem. 
Joene, m. to William Shelly, Esq. 
This Thomas Archer's will is dated ** Thuiaday 
next alter the Feast of SL Thomas the Mertyr, 
1372,** and he was sucoseded in that year by hia 
dderson, 

THOMAS ARCHER, one of the gallant soldiers 
of the martial reign of Edward III. In 1373 he had 
a command in the army of Jtrfm of Gaunt, and Ml 
into the hands of the French and Burgundians in 
a rencounter at Ouchy le Chaateau, near Solssons, 
on the 90th October, in that year, belqg surprised 
when fbraglng with Sir Matthew Redmayn, Sir 
Thomas Spencer, Sir Hugh Brudend, Sir John 
Bourchier, and several other knights and esquires. 
Inthe48th of Edward IIL we again find him in 
France under Thomas Beauchamp, Earl ofWarwick, 
from whom he reodved a pendon tm his services, 
datedatWoroester "flOMartil, 1 RlduII.;** in theSlst 
of which latter reign he reodved a spedal pardon 
dated 8th Junef tor all manner of transgrsarions, and 
for whatever he had acted contrary to his allegiance, 
^c In bdialf of Thomas, late Duke of Gloucester, 
Richard, late Earl of Arundd, and Thomas, Earl of 
Warwick i alter which, in the same year, he was 
in commission tor assessing and collecting a fif- 
teenth and tenth, then granted to the king in par- 
liament This Thomas Archer m. Agnes, daughter 
of Sir Walter Cokesey, of Cokesey, in the oouQty 
of Worcester, and grand-dau^ter of Hugh Coke- 
sey and of Dionis his wilb, one of the Ibur slaters 
and co-hdresses of Edmund le Bolsler, by whom 
he had three sons. He died, alter being bedridden 
tor three years, in the 84th year of his age, on the 
Feast of Pentecost, in 1488, end was «. by his second 
but ddest surviving son, 

RICHARD ARCHER, who was one of the per- 
sons of note in the county of Warwidi summoned 
in the 7th of Henry V. to serve the king in person 
for the deteice of the reafan, being, according to 
the writ, '* one that did bear ancient arms firom his 
This gentleman m. first, Alice, daogb- 

11 



ARC 



ARC 



Cer <d WUHam Hugford, Biq., of Hugford and Mid- 
dleioo» in the county of Salop, •later and hdraH of 
her brother, William Hugford, and widow of Sir 
Tbomat Lucy, KnL, of Charleoote, by whom he 
had one ion, 

John, who m. in the Sfith Henry VI., Chrbh 
tlaa, widow of Henry Sewal, of London, 
and only daughter and heireei of Ralph 
Blacklow, of the tame city, and of hit wife 
Joan, only daughter and heirev of Thomae 
Coke, aliae Mailing, <a Weet llalUng, Kent, 
by whom he had an only eon, Jonir. King 
Henry VL by hie letten patent dated Uth 
May, in the oghth year of hie reign, retained 
this John Archer, Eeq., by his fiactoes or at- 
tomeyi, to convey in shipe all manner of 
prorlsions for yictualling the town and for- 
treM of Calais. Mr. Archer fell in battle in 
14<23» on the tide of the Earl of Warwick, 
against King Edward IV. His widow re- 
married in the 3rd Of Edward IV., Henry 
Beech, Esq. 
RicBAUD Abcuxb, m. secondly, Margaret, relict of 
Thomas Newport, Esq., of Ercall, in Shropshire, 
ancestor of the Earls of Bradford, and thirdly, 
Joane, daughter and heirees of William Ley, of 
Stotford* in the county of Staflbrd. In the 7th of 
Henry VL Mr. Ardier had summons to attend the 
king in France, to be present at his coronation 
there; Sir Ralph Bruce, Knt., Sir Edward Doding- 
feil, and Nicholas Burdett, with others of the 
county of Warwick, being also summoned. In the 
19th of the same monarch, he served the office of 
sheriff for the county of Salop, and the next year, 
that of sheriff for the county of Staflbrd, in which 
shire he resided at StotfonL He d. in the 6Mh year 
of his age,-anno 1471, when his large estates in the 
counties of Sak>p, Staflbrd and Bedford,, devolved 
upon his grandson, 

JOHN ARCHER, Esq., b. in 1440, m. AUoe^ 
daughter of Sir Baldwin Mountfort, Knt., of Colts- 
hill, in the county of Warwidc, and dying at Om- 
bexslade, 4th December, 1610, was «. by his only son, 
JOHN ARCHER, Esq.. whom. Margaret, daugb- 
ter of Humphrey Strallbrd, Esq., of Blethcrwick in 
the county of Northampton, by wluMn he had four 
sons and a daughter. He d. in a year after his 
fother, and was s. by his eldest son, 

RICHARD ARCHER, Esq., Escheator of the 
county of Warwick, in the SSnd of Henry VIII. and 
Justice of the peace for that shire. This gentleman 
m. Maud, second daughter of Nicholas Delamere, 
Esq., of Little Hereford, in the county of Hereford, 
and oo-heirsM with her sister Susan, wife of John 
Dansey, Esq., of her brother Edmund Ddamere, 
Esq., and had Inue, 

Humphrey, ft. in 15iS7* 
Miles, h. In 1530. 
Edward, ft. in IA33, d. unm. 
Francis, ft. in 1534^ 
Anne, ft, in UOfi. 
WiDiAede» ft. in \S35, 
In the send erf Henry VIII. Mr. Archer was ap- 
pointed steward of the manor of Knole, in the 
county of Warwick, being then, as recited in the 
letten patent, one of the esquires of the lung's 
U 



body, and In two years afterwards, he was com- 
mended to take the muster of aU atite men, as well 
horsemen as foot, that he could Aiznish both of the 
king's tenants, inhabiting upon Arms whereof he 
had the stewardship; as also his own servants and 
tenants dwdling on his own lands, dec. He d. Ath 
October, 1A44, and was s. by his ddest eon, 

HUMPHREY ARCHER, Esq., who married in 
the 4th of Edward VL (Oth October) Anne, daugh- 
ter of Sir Robert Townshend, Knt., chief Justice 
of the marches of Wales and Chester, and grand- 
daughter of Sir Roger Townshend, of Reynham, in 
the county of Norfolk, one of the Justices of the 
court of common pleas, ancestor of the Viscounts 
Townshend, by whom he had surviving issue, 
AiTDRsw, his successor. 
John, iM. Eleanor, daughter and heiress of 
Richard Frewin, Esq., of Handley, in the 
county of Worcester, 
Bridget, m. to John Bsncroft, Esq., of Han- 
bury, in the county of Worcester. 
Margery, im. to J<4m CoUes, Esq., of Hatfield, 

in the county of Hertford. 
Elisabeth, m. to John Hereford, Esq., of Suf- 
ton, in the coimty of Hertford. 
Mr. Archer d. at Omberslade, 94th October, 1MB* 
and was «. by his ddest son, 

ANDREW ARCHER, Esq., who extended his 
territorial possessions by 'the purchase of large 
estates in the reigns of Queen Elisabeth, and King 
James I. In the 7th year of which latter reign, he 
was sheriff of the county of Warwick. He m. in 
1680, Margaret, daughter of Simon Raleigh, Esq., 
of Famborough, in the cotmty of Warwick, and 
had issue, 

Thomas, who d. in his S4th year, before his 

fisther, unmarried. 
SiMOir, su cco stor to the estates. 
Richard, m. Mary, daughter and sole heireie 
of Rowland Bull, Esq., of Neithropp, in 
the county of Oxford (with whom he ac- 
quired that estate), and had a ion, Rowland. 
Mr. Archer d. 23rd of April, 1689, and was «. by his 
eldest surviving son, 

SIR SIMON ARCHER, Knt., sheriff of War- 
wickshire, In the 3rd year of King Charles I. and 
member for Tamworth, in the parliament which 
assembled on the 30th April, 1640. This gentleman 
was distinguished as a man of letters and an anti« 
quary, and Sir William Dugdale acknowledges him- 
self greatly indebted to him in compiling his anti- 
quities of Warwickshire. Sir Simon m. Anne, 
daughter of Sir John Ferreis, KnL, of Tamworth 
Castle, in the county of Warwick, by whom he had 
surviving issue, 

Thomas, his succeesor. 

Anne, m. to Philip Young, Esq., of Keneton, 

in the county cnF Salop. 
Elisabeth. 

Penelope, m. to Erasmus da Ligne, Esq., of 
Harlaxton, In the county of Lincoln. 
Sir Simon Archer was «. at his decease, by his son, 

THOMAS ARCHER, Esq., who, at the com- 
mencement ct the civil wan, was a colonel In the 
parliament army, and raised a troop of hone at his 
own expense ; but, so soon as ha discovered the de- 



A&C 



ARG 



lOftlMiMrUaaicntariaiM, h* tbnw «p hii oam- 
mlMiao* and anignitiiig* lemained alBoad oacil tte 
Teftondoin oi the monarcfay whoi he ie|iieiemed 
tbe city of WanHck in perilanMnt. He m. Anne, 
daughter of Radianl Leigh, Esq.* of London, and 
had teue, 

AxDiunr, hie moooior. 

Thomas, groom-porter to Quean Anne, and to 

Kiagi George L and IL d. a. p. in 174& 
LcAgh, d. imm. 
Slixabetfa,m. to Sir Herbert Ciolt, Bart^ of 

Cioft C^aatl^ In the county of Hereford. 
FnmoM, m. to Sir Franom Rous, Bart., of 
Roos-L«ndi. la the county of Woromter. 
Mr. Archer dlin 1685, and was «. by his ddaet son, 

ANDREW ARCHER, Esq., M.P. for the county 
of Warwicfc in the xcigns of William and Mary, 
Quean Anne, and King Geoive L, and one of tbe 
commimionen appointed in 1711 to taiquire into the 
numbers and quality of the forces in Her lii^osty*s 
pay in POTtttgal, and to esamioe the accounts t»> 
lating to the said forces, and to tlie garrisons of 
Portmahon and Gibraltar. Mr. Ardier m. Eliaa- 
beth, daughter of Sir Samuel Dashwood, Lord 
Mayor of London in 1708, and had issue* 
TnoMAa, hjs successor. 
Henry, M.P. for Warwidc, m. Lady Elisabeth 
Montagu, sister of George, Earl of Haiifiuc, 
and d, in 1768. 



Eliaabeth. 



Diana, m. to Thomas Chaplin, Esq., of Blank- 
ney Hall* in the county of Lincoln. 
Mr. Archer d. at Umberslade, whidi he had rebuilt, 
on the Slst of December, 1741, and was «. by his 



THOMAS ARCHER, Esq., M.P. for Warwick, 
sufaaequcntly for Bamber, who was derated to 
the peerage on the Uth July, 1747. by the title of 
BAEoif Abchbb, or UMBnBai.Ann, in trbcouktt 
OF Wabwick. His lordship m. Catharine, daugh- 
ter and co-helress of Sir Thomas Tipping, Baronet, 
of Wheetiidd, in the county of Oxford, and Anne, 
^b wifo, daughter and heiress of Thomas Cheke, 
Esq., by his wife, Letitia, daughter and eyentually 
sole heiress of Edward Russell (brother of William, 
first Duke of Bedford) and sister and hdms of Ed* 
ward Russril, Earl of Oiford, by whom he had Issue, 
AwDBBW, his succeesor, H.P. for Corentry. 
Catharine, m. Uth August, 17W, to Other, 

4th Earl of Plymouth. 
Anne, m. 15th March, 1756, to Edward Garth 
Toumour, Esq., of Shilingley Park, in the 
county of Sussex; created subsequently 
Earl oi Winterton, in Ireland. 
His kirdahip d. in 1768, and was*, by his only son, 

ANDREW ARCHER, second baron. This noble- 
man IN. in 1761, Sarah, elder daughter of James 
West, Esq., M.P. for Alsoot in the county of War- 
wide, by whom he had three daughters* hia coJieirs, 
▼is. 

Catharine* m. first, to Other-Lewis, 4th Earlof 
Plymoutb,by whom shehad, with odier issue, 
Other-Hicfcman, fth EarL 
She eepooaed* secondly, William Pitt, first 



Earl Amherst, by whom she was mother of 
the present earL 
Catharine, m. to ^— MvsgraTe* Esq. 

, flk to —— ' Howard, Esq., of Corby. 
His kirdship d. in 1778, when tihe title bxpibbd 
in deCsuU of an heir mala^ 
Abbco— Am. three arrows or. 

ARGENTINE— BARONS D£ AROEN- 

TINE. 

By Writ of Summons, dated M January, li97* 
8ft Ed. 1. 

REGINALD DE ARGENTEON, left a widow, 
Maud, who had license to marry again in the ftth 
year of Stephen, upon giving a composition to the 
king for her dowry. This Reginald d. before the 
year 1139, and was «. by his son, 

REGINALD DB ARGENTEON, who was 
sherlir of the counties of Cambridge and Hunting* 
don, ftom the 5th to the 8th years of Ridiard 1., 
and in the next year executed the duties of the 
same office for the counties of Hertford and Essex, 
for one half of the year. This fcudal lord adhering 
to the insurrectionary barons, had letters of safo 
conduct in the 17th year of John, to come to the 
king in order to treat for peace i nothing eflbetual 
however resulted ftom the mission : but in the 1st 
of Henry III., making his own composition, orders 
were givoi to tlie sheriff of Cambridgeshire, to re- 
store to him all his lands in that county. Hed. 
about the year 1983, and was «. by his sen, 

RICHARD DE ARGENTINE, who being 
sheriff for the counties of Essex and Hertford, in 
the 8th of Henry IIL, was constituted govcnior of 
the Castle of Hertford. He was likewise sheriff of 
the counties of Cambridge and Huntingdon, and 
subsequently (11th Henry III.) one of the stewards 
of th« king's household. In the Uth of Henry III., 
this Richard being, (in the words of M. Puis,) • 
noble knight and valiaat in arms, went on a pil^- 
mago to the holy land, and dying there in the year 
U46, was •. by his son, 

GILES DE ARGENTINE, a knight also of 
great valour, who, in the 10th of Henry III., being 
with the king in an expedition made that year into 
Wales, foil into the hands of the enemy in a sharp 
conflict near Montgomerie. In ten years after- 
wards this foudal lord had summons with other 
Important personages to attend the king with horse 
and arms into Gascony, and the next year he was 
appointed governor of Windsor Castle i but soon 
alter we find him Joining the rebel berans, at the 
battle of Lewes (wherrin tlie king was taken pri« 
soner), and elected by them one of the nine coun* 
sdlors to assume the government ot the kingdom. 
The barons being however defeated at thesubse* 
quent battle of Evesham, his tordship's lands and 
those of his son Reginald were sequestered. He d. 
in the 11th of Edward I., seised of the manor of 

Great Wymondeley in the county of Cambridge, 
hoMen by grand Seijeantle* via.— " to serve the 
king upon the dey of his coronation with a silver 
cup," and was «. by his son (then In minority), 

REGINALD DE ARGENTINE, who doing 
homage, had livery of aU hia fstheifs lands in the 

13 



ARU 



ARU 



:^c^j 



countiM of CambiMge, Norfolk, Sufblk, and Hert- 
ford. This nobleman ww summooed to parliament 
in the 25th Edward I., fl6th January, 1S97> His 
lordship m. Lora, daughter of Robert de Vere, Earl 
of Oxford, and dying in 1307* waa «. by hit son, 

JOHN DE ARGENTINE, second baron, who 
had livery of his tether's lands, but was never 
summoned to parliament. This nobleman m. first 

Joane , and had Issue, 

Joane, who m. John le Botiller. 

< Elisabeth, m. William le Botiller. 
Dionyse. 
which ladies inherited as oo-heiresses the proper ty 
of their mother. His lordship m. secondly •-^~, 
and dying in the 19th jeax of Edward II., was «. 
by his only son, then but six months old, 

JOHN DE ARGENTINE, third baron, whore- 
c^ved the honour of knighthood in the 4th of 
Edward III., but was never summoned to parlia- 

menL He m. Margaret , and had issue, 

William, his successor. 
Maud, m. to Eudo or Ivo Fiti-Warran. 
Joane, m. to Sir Berth Naunton. 
Elisabeth, m. to Sir Baldwhi SL George. 
He was «. at his decease by his only son, 

WILLIAM DE ARGENTINE, 4th baron, but 
never summoned to .parliament ; who was «. by his 
only son, 

JOHN DE ARGENTINE, 5th baron, but not 
summoned to parliamenL With this nobleman the 
male line of the Argentines ceased, and the manor 
of Wymonislfy was carried by his only daughter 
and heiress Elisabeth into the funily of AUington, 
upon her marriage with William AUington, Esq,, 
ancestor of the Lords AUington. This manor of 
Wimley or Wymondeley, is said to have fkUen to 
the Argentines by marriage, with the heiress of 
Fits Tees, who derived themselves ttom David 
D'Argenton, a Norman, who came over with WU- 
liam the Conqueror. 

Abmb— Gu. three covered cups, Ar. 

Note : *■ Of this fsmily," says Dugdale, " was 
Reginald de Argentine, who in 21 Henry III., 
being a knight-templar, was standard bearer of thtf 
Christian army, in a great battel against the Turks 
near Antioch, in the holy land, and carried it tiU 
his hands and legs being Inoken, he waa there slain. 
So Ukewiae was Sir Giles Argentine, KnL, slain in 
Scotland at the battel ot Bannoksbume, near 
Strivelln, in 7th of Edward II. It is said, that the 
king himself being in that fatal battel, and seeing 
the danger, by the advice of this Sir Giles (who 
being then lately come flrom tlie wars of Henry de 
Lusemburgh, the Emperour, and reputed a stout 
warriour) fled to Dunbar i and that this Sir Giles 
saying he wes not wont to fly, returned to the 
English host, and was shun." 

ARUNDEI^—BARONS ARUNDEL OF 
TRERICE. 

By Letters Patent, dated 83rd March, 1064. 

RANDELL ARUNDEL, m. Elisabeth, daughter 
and heiress ot John Steward, and left a son, 

RALPH ARUNDEL, Uving in the 31st of 
Edward III., who mi. Jane, daughter and heiress of 
14 



Michael Trerlce, by whom he had two sons, Nicholas 
and Thomas, and a daughter Jane, m. to Robert 
Trevanion. The elder son, 

NICHOLAS ARUNDEL, m. EUsabeth, daughter 
of John PeUooer, and sister and co-heiress of 
Martin Pellocer, and was <. by his son, 

SIR JOHN ARUNDEL, of Trerlce, in the county 
of ComwaU, who m. Joan, daughter and heliess of 
Jolm Durant, and was <. by his elder son, 

NICHOLAS ARUNDEL, who m. Jane, daughter 
of Edward St. John, Esq., by whom he had four 
sons and four daughters. He was «. by his ddest son, 
SIR JOHN ARUNDEL, Knt., SherilT of Com- 
wall in 1471. •* This gentleman being forewarned," 
says Carew in his survey of ComwaU, •* that be 
should be shdn on the sands, forsook his house at 
Elford, as too maritime, and removed to Trerice, 
his more inland habitation in the same county ; 
but he did not escape his fate, for being sheriff of 
ComwaU in that year, and the Earl of Oxford 
surprising Mount Michael, for the house of Lan- 
caster, he had the king's commands, by his office, 
to endeavour the reducing of it, and lost his Ufe in 
a skirmish on the sands thereabouts. Sir John 
Arundel, m. first, Margaret, dau^ter of Sir Hugh 
Courtcnay, Knt., by whom he had two sons, who d. 
young I and secondly, Anne, daughter of Sir Walter 
Moyle, Knt, by whom he had also two sons, and 
was <. by the elder, 

SIR JOHN ARUNDEL, Sheriff of COrawaU, 
anno 1524. This gentleman, m. Joan, daughter of 
Thomas Greenvil, Esq., and was <. by his only son, 

JOHN ARUNDEL, Esq., who received the 
honour of knighthood at the battle of Spurs. This 
gallant person, who was Vice Admind to Kings 
Henry VII. and VFII., acquired great renown by 
the defiBat and capture of Duncan CampbeU, the 
Scottish pirate, in a sea fight. Sir John Arundel, m. 
first, Mary, daughter and co-heiress of John BevU, 
of Gamache, in the county of ComwaU, by whom 
he had a son Roger, and three daughters : namely, 

Elisabeth, m. to Robert Tridenham, Esq. 

Catherine, m. to Richard Prideux, Esq., of 
Thewborough. 

Jane, m. to William WaU, Esq. 
Sir John, m. sec(»dly, Julian, daughter of James 

Engly, and widow of Ourlyn, by whom he 

had 7ssue, 

phn, who became his heir. 

garet, m. to Robert Breket, Esq. 

Gi^Ke, m. to John Nance, Esq. 

Margery, m. to Jtrfm Dunham, Esq. 

Mary. 

Jane. 
He was «. by his only surviving son, 

JOHN ARUNDEL, Esq., who m. first Catherine, 
daughter and co-helress of John Cosworth, Esq., 
by whom he had four daughters ; vis. 

Mary, m. to OUver Dynham, Esq. 

Dorothy, m. to Edward Cosworth, Esq. 

Julian, m. to Richard Carew, Esq., of Anthony, 
in the county of Cornwall. 

Alice, m. to Henry SoAester, Esq., (tf Painsford. 
Mr. Arundel, m. secondly, Gertrade, daughter of 
Robert Dennis, Esq., of Holoomb, by whom he had 
two sons, John and Thonua, and two daughters. 



ARU 



AST 



Anne, m. to William C«n^|iBw, Esq., of BuocUdy, 
and Catlieriiie, nu to John St. Aubyn, Ea^. He d, 
in 15W, and was s. by his elder sgd, 

JOHN ARUNDEL, Esq., of Trerice, M.P. for 
the oounty of Comw^, temp. Queen Elisabeth 
and King James I.« and for Tngoay in the reign 
of King Charles I. At the breaking out of the 
civil war* this eminent person, with his four sons, 
eqioused the cause of royalty, and took up arms for 
the king. Of theM sons, two, John and William, 
lost their Ures in the serrice of their unfortunate 
master, while their gallant fiifher hurled defiance 
to the rebeb from the battlements of Pendennis, 
and maintainod his position there, to the very end 
of those unhappy conflicts, although besieged both 
by sea and land, being as Lord Clarendon relates, 
then nearly founoore yean of age, and of one of 
the best estates and interests in the County of 
ComwalL VHiitlock sUtes, that on the 31st of Au- 
gust, 1640, letters came to the parliament, of the 
sunrender of Pendennis Castle, and in it were Colo- 
nel Arundd, the governor, four knights, Ave colo- 
nels, and dUvers others of quality. That they had 
store of arms, but little provision. Colonel Arun- 
del m. Mary, daughter of George Carey, Esq., of 
CloTelley, in the county of Devon, by whom he 
had four sons and two daughters; vis. Richard, 
John, William, Prands, Agnes, and Mary. The 

latter was nu first, to Trevanion, Esq., and le- 

condly,toSir John Arundd of Langhemeu He was 
«. at his decease by his eldest son, 

RICHARD ARUNDEL, Esq., member in the 
two last parliaments of King Charles L, fw Lest- 
withld, and in his military capacity, attached to 
the personal staff of that unhappy prince. This 
gallant ofllcer had a command in the battle oi Kine- 
lon, in the County of Warwick, where he displayed 
the hereditary valour of his fomily, and he was 
subsequently activdy engaged during the whole of 
the dvil wars, in which disastrous contest he was 
despoiled at the entire of his landed prop er ty . On 
the re-establishment of the numarchy, however, 
that was restored to him, and in consideration &[ 
the devotedneM of his fkther, his brothers, and 
himself, to the royal cause, he was devated to the 
peerage by letters patent, dated 83rd March, 1064, 
as Barom Abundbl or Trbricc in the county 
of ComwalL His lordship m. Gertrude, daughter 
of Sir James Ba0, Knt., of Saltham, in the county 
of Devon, and widow of Sir Nicholas Slanning, 
Knt., of Bidiley, and was «., at his deceaie in 1088, 
by his only surviving child, 

JOHN ARUNDEL, second baron ; this poMo- 
man m. first, Margaret, daughter and sole heireis 
of Sir John Adand, Knt., of ColumhJohn in the 
oounty of Devon, by whom he had issu^ 
JoBW, his snccesior. 

Gertrude, m. ibst, to Sir Peter Whitcomb of 
Essex ; and secondly, to Sir Bemiet Hoskins. 

His lordship in. secondly, Barbara, daughter of 
Sir Henry Slingsby of Scriven, in tVe county of 
York, Baronet— and rdict of Sir Richard Maleverer 
of Aleston-Maleverer in the tame shire, by whom 
he had an only son, 

Richard, M.P., im. 2nd Septanber,l732, Frances, 
daughter of John, secoad Duke of Rutland. 



Lord Arundel d. S7th of September, 1007, md was 
«. by his elder son, 

JOHN ARUNDEL, third Baron, who m. EUsa- 
beth, daughter of the Right Rev. William Beaw^^ 
D.D., Lord Bishop of Landaff, and dying Mth of 
September, 1706, was «. by his only surviving child, 

JOHN ARUNDEL, fourth B^ion. This noble- 
man m. in 17S9, Elisabeth, daughter of Sir William 
Wentworth, of Ashby Puerorum in the county of 
Litacoln, and sister of Thoouw, Earl of Straflbrd, 
by whom, who d, in 17dO, he had no issuOb His 
lordship d. in 1768, when the barony Bxpiann. 

AaMa— Quarterly ;. first and fourth, sa. six swal- 
lows close, three, two, and one arg. second and third 
sa. three Chevnmds of the second. Jft/lc^ 

ASTLEY—BARONS ASTLEY. 

■ 

By Writ of Summons, dated 89rd June. U96, 
S3 Edward L 

ICiRcagc. 

This noble fiunily derived its surname ftom the 
Manor of AaTLBV (or Estley, as formerly written), 
in the county of Warwick^ which with other estates 
in that shire, bekmged to the Astleys so &r back 
as the reign of Henry L 

PHILIP DE ESTLEY— grandson of the first 
po s sessor, was certified, upon the assessment of the 
aid towards the marriage portion of King Henry 
the Second's daughter, to hold three knights' fees of 
William Earl of Warwick, d» vsfsH F(M)^bnMit«o— 
by the secvice <' (tf laying bands on the eart* sHr- 
rop when he did get upon, or alight from hone- 
back." This feudal baron was «. by his son, 

THOMAS DE ASTLEY, who holding certain 
lands of the Honour of Leicester, became a kind ot 
bsiliff to Simon de Mcmtfort, Earl of Leicester, 
*< as may be seen," says Dugdale, <* by a fine of 
fourscore marks and a palfrey, to the king, in 9th 
John, to be discharged of the profits required of 
him for that earl's lands, during the time he had to 
dp with them." In the 19th of King John, this 
Thomas Astley payed a hxmdred marks to t)ie 
crown, to be excused going beyond the sea : Dug- 
dale supposes, in an expedition to Ireland. In the 
17th of the same reign, he was committed prisoner to 
Bedford Castle, and had his lands seised for his par- 
tidpation in the rebdlion of the barons ; but return- 
ing to his allegiance, he was reinstated in his ter- 
ritorial possessions, in the 1st year of Henry III. i 
and in t«ro years afterwards, he was constituted 
a commissioner for restoring to the crown all 
the demesnes of which King John was possessed 
at the beginning of his wars with the barons. Ice. 
This feudal lord m. Maud, one of the sisters and 
coheirs of Roger de Cam vlll of Creeke in the county 
of Northampton, and was «. by his ^on, 

WALTER DE ASTLEY. This nobleman had 
been concerned in the rebellion of the barons 
against John. He was «. by his son, 

SIR THOMAS DE ASTLEY, Knt, who waa 
constituted in the S6th of Henry III., one of the 
king's Justicss for the gaol delivery at Warwick, 
and again in the next year, when he paid to the 
king £l& for Us relief. In the 3tad of Henry III., 

15 



AST 



AST 



this Sir Thomat de Asttey wm teat with 
other penoiu of raak and power, into Gteicol^oe t 
but we afterward* find him, 47th Henry Ul„ a leader 
amongst the rebelUotu baroot, who lelaad upon 
the ravenuet of the crown la the oountiei ot War- 
wick and Leicester i and when the king submitted 
to the PaoTiaioira or Ozroan, the foUowlng year, 
he was nominated Cuaroa PAcia for Lelcesterdilie. 
Sir Thomas fell, however, soon after (40th Henry 
III., 1964,) with Montford Earl of Leicester, and 
other insurrectionary nobles, at the battle of Eve- 
sham, when his estates, valued at £Ul. 18. 11. 
per annum, being ocmllscated, were conferred upon 
Warlne de Bessingbume, but the king 
slonating his widow and dilldren, reserved to 
out of those estates, certain lands, valued at 
£34. 18. 1. per annum, suUlect to one mark yearly 
to the said Warine and his heirs. Sir Thomas de 
Astley, m. first, Joane, daughter of Eraald de B<^, 
a perKm of great power In the county of Leicester 
-Hmd had issue, 

Akdrbw— his successor. 
Isabel, m. to William de Bermln^ham, (son 
and heir of Robert de Bermlngham, one of 
the oompeakms in arms of Strongbow, Earl 
of Pembroke, In hia expedition Into Ireland, 
temp. Henry IL) and left a son, Pstbr na 
BBBMiwaHAK, who was sumaumed to Par- 
liament, In Ireland, as Babon ATHBirnT, In 
the reigns of John and Henry III., andflrom 
his lordship descendeil twenty<one successive 
Barons of Athanry, when the dignity me^ged 
in the extinct EarkUan of Louth. 
Thomas m. secondly, Bditha, daughter of 
Constable, Esq., of Mriton Constabla, In 
the county of Norfolk, and sister of Sir Ralph 
Coaatable, Knt., by whom he had three sons and a 
daughter, of whom, 

TaoMAa, settled at HIU Morton, but dying 

s. p. his estates devolved upon his brother, 
Ralpb Abtlbt, from whom the extinct 
Barons Astley of Reading derived, and Sir 
Jacob Astley, Bart., of Hill Morton, in 
the county of Warwick, and of Melton 
Constable la the county of Norfolk, de- 
scends. (See Burlu^s Dictionary of the 
Peerage and Baronetage.) 
After the dec ease of Sir Thomas de Astley, his 
eldest son, 

THOMAS DE ASTLEY, by vlrtne of the decree 
called, Dletum ds KemUwertk, was put into pos- 
session of his Ihther's estat e s pa y ing as a compen- 
sation to Warlne de Bassingboume, three hundred 
and twenty marks, sterling, to raise whidi sum he 
sold his manor of Little Co|Mton, to the monks of 
Comber He was subsequently engaged in the Scot- 
tish wars of King Edward I., and participated 
in the Victory of Falkirk. Thomas de Astley was 
snauaoned to parliament as Babob Abtlby, from 
13rd of Juae, 1296, to 3rd November, 1306, and was 
s. at liis decease liy his son, 

NICHOLAS DE ASTLEV, second Lsrtl iittfay, 
■ammwMid to parliameat, from 4th July, 130S, to 
11th July, ISOOL His lordship and his brother Sir 
Olles de Astley atteadlBg King Edward II. into 
Soollaad, were taken ptisonam at Baaaocksbum. 
M 



Sir 
Peter 



The period of this noUeaiant decease is 
tained, bat having outlived his brother above men- 
tioned, an4 dying iseueless, the title and esutes 
devolved upon his nephew (Sir Giles de Astley's 
son and heir liy Alice, second daughter and co- 
heiress of Sir Thomas Wolvey, Knt.), 

THOMAS DE ASTLEV, third Lord Aatle^, sum- 
moned to parliament, from 86th February, IMS, to 
10th March, 1348. This nobleman founded a chantry 
in the parish church of Astley, In the 11th year of 
Edward III., and aftsrwards obtaining permission to 
change his chantry priests into a dean and secular 
canons, he erected a fUr and beautifVU collegiate 
dmrch in the form of a croas, with a tall spire, 
covered with lead, and dedicated it to the assump- 
tion of the blessed Vlxgia. His lotdahipm. Eliaa- 
both, daughter of Ouy da Beaocfaamp, Earl of 
Warwick, and left issue, 

William, (Sir) his sueoasaor. 
Thomas, (Sir) M.P. for the county ot War- 
wick, m. Elisabeth, daughter oi Richard, 
son of Sir William Harecourt, Knt., from 
- whidi union the AaTLBTa ot PatstruU, in 
the county of StaJford, lineally deriveb Of 
which fomily was Jobb db Aitlbv, me- 
morable for flghtiag a duel on horssAack, 
upon the 99th August, 1438, with Pater da 
Massri, a Frendunan, In the street St. An- 
tolne^ at Paris, before Charles VII. King 
of France, where having pierced his antago- 
nist throui^ the head, he had the helmet, 
by agreement of the vanquished, to present 
to his lady. He subsequently fought Sir 
Philip Boyle, an Arragonian knight, in 
Smithflald, in the City of London, in the 
presence of King Henry VI., and his court, 
whidi combat, we are told, was gallantly 
performed on foot, with battle axes, spears, 
swords, and daggers, and at its conclusion, 
that John de Astley was knighted by the 
king, and rewarded with a pensjon of one 
hundred marks for his Ufoi «« Yea," (says 
Dugdala») "so fionoua did Sir John da 
Astley grow for his valour, that he waa 
elected a knight of the garter, and bore for 
hisarms the coats of >Mlay and Haraesarr, 
quarterly, with a laM qf Ihree p»ltu» 



Giles, ancestor of the Astleys of Wolvay. 
Thomas, third Lord Astley, was «. at his dacaaia by. 
his eldest son, 

WILLIAM DE ASTLEV, fourth Loni AtUeg, 
but never summoned to parliament. This nobleman 
waa induded in several commimlons during the 
reigns of Henry IV. and Henry VL His lordship 
m. CatherinOkdau^terof William, Lord Willougfaby 
de Eresby, by whom he left an only daughter, 

JoABB, m. first, to Thomas Raleigh, Esq., of 

Famtaoiottgh, In the county of Warwick, by 

whom she had no issue, aad secondly, to 

Raglaald, Lord Grey de Ruthyn (being his 

lordsUp's second wifo), by whom she had 

three sons, end a daughter : vIl 

Edward, of whom pressntly, 

John de Grey, of Barwdl, in the oounty 

of] 



AST 



ATO 



Robert <to Grey, of Enrille and Whitttag. 

tcm« in the county of StafRml. 
Elesnor, m. to William Lucy, Esq., of 

Charleoote, in the county of Warwick. 
Edward db Gkby, the eldest ton, marry- 
log Eliabethf only daughter and heireM 
oi Henry, son and heir of William, Lord 
Perran, of Groby, by Isabel, second daugh- 
ter and oo-beiress of Thomas Mowbray, 
Duke gf Norfolk, was summoned to par- 
liament in 1446, as Lord Prrrars, t^f 
Groiy, which berooy, and tfuu ot Abtlby, 
descended regularly to Henry Grey, third 
marquess of Dorset, K.G. who was created 
DuKR or SvrroLK, 10th October, iJfM, 
and became forfeited upon the decapita- 
tion and attainder of his grace in 1W4. 
Arm*— Ax. a dnquefoil ennine. 

ASTLEY — BARONS ASTLEY, OF 
READING. 

By Letters Patent, dated 4th Noramber, 1664, 
SO Charles L " 

Xincagt. 

THE HON. RALPH DE ASTLEY, a younger 
son of Thomas, Lord Astley, of Astley, in the 
county of Warwick, by his second wife, Editha, 
daughter of Peter Constable, Esq., of Melton-Con- 
stable, in the county of Norfolk, and sister and co- 
heiress of Sir Robert Constable, Knt., of the same 
place, was lineal ancestor of 

JOHN ASTLEY, Esq., of HiU-Morfon and 
Melton-Constable, who m. Frances, daughter and 
heiress of John Cheyney, Esq., of Sittingbome, in 
the county of Kent, and was «• by his only surriv- 
ingson, 

ISAAC ASTLEY, Esq. This gentleman m. 
Mary, daughter of Edward Wald^grave, Esq., of 
Borley, in the county of Essex, and had two son^— 

Thomas, aneestor of the Astkys (BaraneCs) of 
Hill-MortOD, in the county of Warwick, and 

SIR JACOB ASTLEY, Knt., a distinguished 
captain under the royal banner during the dvil 
wars ; govenior ot Oxford and Reading, and pre- 
eminently ooospicttous at the battles of Edgehill, 
Brentford, and Newbury; who for his gallant and 
fidthAal senrioes was raised to the peerage by letters 
patent, dated 4th Nov., 1664, as Lord AarLsr, of 
Rradiro, in the covifTT of Bucxa. His lordship 
m. Agnes Imple, a Oenmrn lady, and had 
laAAc, his successor. 



Thomas,^ 
Hanry , f^ 
Bcnmrd, ( 
Edward, ) 



<f. issueless. 
• i 

Edward, 

Elisabeth, JN. to (her cousin) Sir Edward Astley, 

Knt., and left Sir Jacob Abtlby, Knt., who 

inherited, upon the decease of his uncle. Sir 

Isaac Astley, Bart., «. p., in 1689, the estates 

of Hill-Morton and Melton-Constable, and 

succeeded to the entailed property of Lord 

Aatley. 

Of Jacob Lord Astley, Clarendon says—" He was 

an honest, brsre, plain man ; as fit for the military 

posts he held as Chriatcndom yieldedf and was ge- 



nanlly esteemed very diseemiiig, and pronpt in 
giving orders, as occasion required { and moat cheer- 
Atl and prennt in action. An enemy to kmg 
speeches, as usually madb In council; he him- 
self using only fow, but very perthient words." His 
lordship died in 1651, and waa succeeded by hia 
eldest son, 

ISAAC ASTLEY, second lord, who m. Anne, 
fourth daughter of Sir Francis Stydolfe, Knt., o 
Norbury, in the county of Surray, and had issue— • 

Jacob, his successor, 

Francis died *,p. 
His lordship d, in 1688, and was «. by Ms elder 



JACOB ASTLEY, third lord. His kttdship m. 
Frances, daughter and co-heiress o'f Shr Richard Sty- 
dolfe, of Norbury, son of Sir Francis, but had no 
issue. Lord Astley & in 1688, when the barony of 
Astley of Reading bxfirbd. 

Akub^Az. a dnquefoil erm. within a bocdure 
engrailed or. 

ATON— BARONS DE AXON. 

By Writ of Summons, dated aoth December, 1394. 
18 Edward II. 

ICiiuagt. 

The paternal surname of this fhmtly arose ftoro 
the feudal barony of Aton, in the county of York, 
of which its members were lords from the conquest ; 
for we And that 

GILBERT, Son or Laoi, assumed the surname 
of Atom so far back as the reign of king Henry I. 
from those lands i but the importance of the family 
was founded by the marriage of this Gilbert de 
Aton's great-grandson, 

GILBERT DE ATON, with Maigerie, daugh- 
ter and heiress of Wariitb dm Vb8CI, a younger 
son of William de Yesd, Lord of Alnwick, te the 
county of Northumberland, through which alliance 
the Atohb inherited, eventually, the extenslTe pos- 
sessions of the great barons de Vesci : thua^ 

EusTAcx DB YBaci, one of the twenty-flve ba- 
rons appointed to enforce the observance of 
Magna Cbarta, dder brother of the above 
Warinb, suc ce eded hislkther, m. Margaret, 
daughter of WiUiam and sister of Alexander, 
kings of Scotland i and, dying about 1916, 
was «. himself by his son, 

WiiiifiAM nm Vbsoi, to whom a., in U63, 
his son, 
John db Ybbci, who had sommona 
to parliament, as a baron, in U64, 
but dying«.p., was «. by his brother, 
William ob Yxaci, summoned to parliament 
in the reign of Edward I., and one ot the com- 
petitors for the Scottish throne in the same 
era. He<i. about the year 1S97> without legiti- 
mate issue, whentheBARONY bxpirbd; but 
the estates devolved upon his natural son, 
William db VBaci, who waa summoned 
to parliament In 1813; but dying in two 
years afterwards, «.p., that barony also 
BZPiRBD, while the estates reverted to 
the great-grandson of the above Gilbert 
de Aton and Margevie de Vesel, his wifo. 
D 17 



ALD 



ALD 



Gilbert de Aton d. in the 19th of Henry III., md 
was «. by bU aon, 

WILLIAM DE ATON, who was succeeded by 
bUson, 

SIR GILBERT DE ATON, one of the KnighU 
of the Bath, created by PaiircB Bowa&d, in the 
34th of Edward I. Sir Gilbert dying «. p., was «. by 
his brother, 
WILLIAM DE ATON, whose son and heir, 
GILERT DE ATON, inherited, in the 9th of 
Edward II., thresutes of the Barons db Vbsci, 
as deduced above. This Gilbert had oninmand, the 
year before, to fit himself with horse and arms, and 
tobeatNxwcABTZiC-upoN-TYNB on the feast-day 
at the Blessed Virgin, to restrain the hostilities of 
the Scots. In the ISth of Edward II., he was in the 
expedition to Scotland ; and in the I7th of the same 
monarch, he confirmed (in consideration of receiv- 
ing 700 marks sterling) as heir of William de Vesci, 
to Henry Lord Perde, the castle and lands of Aln- 
wlck, which Anthony Beke, Bishop of Durham and 
Patriarch of Jerusalem, has sold to the said Henry, 
although but confided to the bishop by William 
Lord de Vesci in trust for his bastard son, the last 
William de Vesci. In the following year (dOth 
Dec. UB4) Gilbert de Aton wa»«ummoncd to par- 
liament as a banm of the realm, and he was so sum- 
moned during the remainder of his life. His lord- 
diip died in 134S, and was «. by his son, 

WILLIAM DE ATON, second BARON ATON, 
who had summons to parliament on the 8th of Ja- 
nuary, 1871* His lordship married Isabel, daughter 
of William Lord Percy, by whom he had an only 
son, who predece as ed him, and three daughters, his 
co-heiresses, namely^ 

Anastasia, m. to Sir Edward de St. John, and 
left a daughter and heiress, Margaret de St. 
John, who m. Thomas de Bromflete, king's 
Butler, temp. Richard 1 1. (See Bromflete.) 
Katharine, m. to Sir Ralph de Eure. 
Eliiabeth, m. first, to William Playtx, and, 
secondly, to John Cony^ta, Esq., of Stock- 
bume, in the county of Durham. 
William Lord Aton was engaged in the French 
wars of king Edward HI. He was sheriff of York- 
shire in the 4Sd of that monarch, and governor of 
the Castle of York, and again In the 43d and 46th 

of the same vrign. His lordship d. when his 

estates were divided amongst his daughters, and the 
BAaoK T fell into abctancs, as it still continues. 
AftMa^-Or, three bars as. on a canton gu., a cross 
patonoear. 

ALDITHELEY, OR AUDLEY — BA- 
RONS AUDLEY, OF HE- 
I£IGH. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 15th May, 1381, 
14th Edward 11. 

ICiiuagc. 

•* That this flonily of JMUMUg, vulgarly called 
AuOeM*' says Dugdale, « came to be great and 
eminent, the ensuing disooune will sufficiently 
manifest: but that the rise thereof was no higher 
than King John's time; and that the first who 
asfttttid this surname was a branch of that ancient 
18 



and noble femily of Ynnnoir, whoee cUef seat was 
at Alton Cmtile» in the northern part of Staflbrd- 
shire, I am very inclinable to brieve; partly by 
reason that Henry had the inheritance of Aldithelejf 
given him by Nicholas de Verdon, who died in the 
I6th Henry III., or near that time; and partly for 
that he bore for his arms the same ordinary as 
Verdon did, vis. Frett^, but distinguished with a 
large canton in the dexter part of the shield, and 
thereon a «roM pai^ t so that probably the ancestor 
of this Henry first seated himself at AldUKOew : for 
that there hath besn an antient mansion there, the 
large moat, northwards from, the parish-church 
there (somewhat leas than a ftirlong, and upon the 
chief part of a fair ascent), do sufficiently manifest.*' 
HENRY DE ALDITHELEY, to whom Dug- 
dale alludes above, being in great favour with 
Ranulph, Earl of Chester and Lincoln, (the most 
powerful subject of England in his time,) obtained 
ttottx that nobleman a grant of Newhall in Cheshire, 
with manon in Staflbrdshire, and other parts—and 
for his adhesion to King John, in that monarch's 
struggle with the insurrectionary barons, a royal 
grant of the lordship of Storton, in Warwickshire, 
part of the possessions of Roger de Summerville. 
In the four first years of King Henry III., he exe- 
cuted the office of sherifl" for the counties t^ Salop 
and Staflbrd, as deputy for his patron, the great 
Earl Ranulph— in the fourth year of which service 
the men of Staflbrdshire were required to aid him 
in fortifying the king's castle of Shrewardine, in the 
county of Salop. In the 10th of Henry III. this 
Henry de Alditheley was appointed governor of the 
castles of Carmarthen and Cardigan, and made 
sheriff the next year of the counties of Salop and 
Staflbrd and constable of the castles of Salop and 
Bridgenorth, which sheriflUty he held for five 
years. Upon his retirement fkom office he had 
special license to build a castle upon his own land, 
called Radcliir, in Shropshire, afterwards desig- 
nated RancASTLB, fkom the colour of the high 
rode upon which it was founded : and in the same 
year he had a confirmation of all such lands, 
whereof he was then pos sesse d, as well those granted 
to him by Ranulph, Earl at Chester, and Nicholas 
de Verdon, as those in Ireland, given him by Hugh 
de Lad, Eau. or Ulbtcr, whose constable he waa 
In that province. He subsequently obtahked diven 
other territorial grants trota the crown, but, not- 
withstanding, when Rithard Mmretcftmi, Eam. or 
Pkmbrokb, rebdled, and made an incursion into 
Wales, the king, Henry III., thought it prudent to 
secure the persons of this Henry, and all the other 
barons-marcherk He was afterwards, however, 
constituted governor ot Shrewsbury, in place of 
John de Lad, Earl of Lincoln, and on the death of 
John, Earl of Chester, goveinor of the castle of 
Chester, and alsO of that of Beeston, then called 
the «' Castle on the Rock," and soon after made 
governor of Newcastle-under-Lyne. This powerftil 
feudal baron m. Bertred, daughter of Ralph de 
Meisnilwarin of Cheshire, and had a son Jambb, 
and a daughter Emme, who m. Griflln «p Madoc, 
Lord of Bromefldd, a person of great power in 
Wales. He d. in 1838, having founded and endowed 
the Abbey of Hilton, near to his castle at Heleigh, 



ALD 



ALD 



in SCaflbrddiiK, for Cistercian monki, and wm «. 
kjrhiason. 

JAMES DE ALDITHELEY, a great fkTorite of 
Richard, Eari of Cornwall, at whow coronation aa 
king of Almaigne heaaisted. Tlil« noMcman had 
Urerj of hia land* in the Slst of Henry III., and waa 
constituted in two yean afterwards constable of 
NowaMtfa-under-Lyne. Being one of tlie lotds- 
mardieta he was actirely employed for some years 
againat the Webb, and was appointed governor of 
the castles of Salop and Bridgenorth, and sheriiT 
for the ooimties of Salop and StafRmL In the 47th 
of Henry IIL hewasmade Justice of Ireland ; and 
in the same year, upon the misnndetstanding be- 
tween the king and the banms, regarding the pro- 
sMofw ^O^Md, being referred to the arbitration of 
the monardi of France, he was one of the noblemen 
who undertook for the king therein. The next 
year we And him with Roger de Mortimer and the 
other barone-marchcri, giving battle to LeweUm, 
Prince cf Wales, and afterwards Joining the Earl 
of Gloucester at Evesham in rncuing the king, who 
had become captive to the Earl of Leicester at the 
battle of Lewes. In the fiSnd of Henry IIL his 
lordship perfonned a pilgrimage to the shrine of 
St. James in Oallcia, and the following year em- 
barked in the Crusade. His death, occasioned by 
bicaking his neck, oceajmi aoon afterwards (1271). 
He had a daughter, Joan, who m. John, son of 
Robert de Beauchamp, to whoae child, prior to its 
birth, the laid John bebig then deceased, his lord- 
sldp was appointed guardian. He had also Ave 
sons, the yo<ungeBt of whom, Hu^, is supposed to 
have been tlie Hugh Aldithdey, who had summons 
to parliament 15th May, 1321, and whose son 
became Earl of Gloucester. His lordship was «. 
by his eldest son, 

JAMES DE ALDITHELEY, who d. s. p. in 
UTS, and was #. by his brother, 

HENRY DE ALDITHELEY, between whom 
and John D'Eivill, who had m. Maud, widow of his 
dwsa a ed brother, a covenant was made in the %d of 
Edward L, conveying on the part of Henry a consi- 
derable landed dowry to the said Maud. He d, 
iasudess in 1275, and was «. by his brother, 

WILLIAM DE ALDITHELEY, who, attainhig 
m^ority In a year after his accession, "had livery of 
all his famde, save a reasonable dowry to Dulcia, the 
widow of his deceased brother Henry. In the 10th 
of Edward I. the king, by his precept to the barons 
of hte exchequer, acknowledging that he was in- 
debted to James de Aldithdey, fether of this 
William, in the sum of one thouaand two hundred 
and eighty-eight pounds, Hve shillings, and ten 
pence* upon the surpluasage of his account since he 
was Justice of Ireland, commanded them to dis- 
diarge the said WlUlam of two hundred and thirty 
pounds, fdurteen shillings, and ten pence, a debt 
due by James to the exchequer upon another ac- 
count. In this year (1275) WiUiam de Alditheley 
fidl in an engagement with the Welsh, wherein 
several other brave w airhirs were slain, and the 
king lost fourteen banners. Dying without issue, 
he was «. by his brother, 

NICHOLAS DE ALDITHLEY, who doing ho- 
mage, bad Uvery of his lands, and then paid jClO 



for hia relief ot the tenth part ^f the Barany 
of Wiche-Malbanc In the 82nd of Edward I. 
this feudal lo(d received command to attend the 
king at Portsmouth, upon the 1st of Sept«mbar» 
wdl fitted with horse and arms, and thence to ac- 
company the monarch into Oasooignet which ser- 
vice he performed. In three years afterwards, 26th 
January, 1297, he had sununans to parliament 
amongst the other barons of the reabn, and was 
likewise in the expedition to Scotland, with the 
Earls of Warren and Warwick, and participated in 
the victory obtained at Dunbar. His lordship m, 
Catherine, daughter and ooheireM of John Giflhid 
of Brimefield, by Maud, widow of William de 
Longespe, and daughter of Walter de CUflbrd i and 
dying in 1299, was s. by his eldest son, then in his 
tenth year, 

THOMAS DE ALDITHELEY. who m. Eve, 
daughter and heiress of John, Lord Clavering, but 
dying «. j». in ia07, the inheritance devolved upon 
his brother, 

NICHOLAS DE ALDITHELEY, who had sum- 
mons to parliament ttom 8th January, 1913, («th 
Edward II.) to 2ftth August, 1318, (12th Edward IL) 
His lordship m. Joane, widow of Henry Lacy, Earl 
of Lincoln, and sister and coheireis of William 
Martin— Baron Martin, (by writ, 23rd June, 1296 : 
which barony fell into abeyance between the de- 
scendants of the laid Joane and her sister, Eleanore, 
the other coheireis, wife of Philip de Columbers,) 
and was «. at his decease, in 1319, by his son, 

JAMES DE AUDLEY-— LORD AUDLEY— one 
of the most criebrated warriors ot the nuurtial reign 
of King Edward the IIL His lordship was but 
three years of age at the decease of his father, when 
his castle of Heleigh, and divers other estates were 
committed to the guardianship of Ralph de Camoys, 
while he was himself confided in ward to Roger 
Mortimer, Earl of March. At the early age of 
twenty-three, we find him governor of Berwick- 
upon-Tweed, and receiving orders to attend King 
Edward the III. in his expedition into France, with 
twenty men at arms, and twenty archers. In the 
next year (17th Edward IIL), his lordship did ho- 
mage for lands inherited through his aunt Eleanore 
de Columbers, and then served the king with 
twenty men at arms and twenty archers, in his 
wars in France. In the 19th of Edward the III., 
he had command to attend the monarch in person, 
and to serve him with all his retinue, for the de. 
fence of the realm against the French, at the king's 
proper cost. In two yean afterwards, he was again 
in France, and his lordship had the honour of being 
one of the Original Knighu of the Garter,* upon 

• OaioiNAX. Knights of thb Gaktcr. Camb- 
den gives the following list of those noUe persons, 
who are designated founders of the order. En- 
WARD III., KiKo or Enolano, Edward, Princb 
or Walks, Henry, Duke of Lancaster, Thomas, 
Earl of Warwick, Ralph, Earl of Staflbrd, William 
Montacute, Earl of Salisbury, Roger Mortimer, 
Earl of March, Capdall de Buche, John L'Isle, 
Bartholomew Burghwash, John Beauchamp, John 
de Mohun, Hugh Courtenay, Thomas Holland, 
John Grey, Robert Fits-Simon, Miles Stapleton, 

19 



ALD 



ALD 



the inititution of that illuttrious order. From this 
period, Lord Audley was pre-eminently distin- 
guished as a soldier upon the Prenclusoil, until the 
glorious conflict of Poictiers placed his military 
renown upon the highest elevation. Of his lord- 
ship's conduct in this oriebrated battle, FroUtard 
gives the following aooount. 

«' The Lord Jamaa Audley, went not ftrom the 
Prince ot a great season, but when he saw that they 
should needs fight, he said to the prince, ' Sir, I 
have served always truly my lord, your father, 
and you also, and shall do as long as 1 live. I say 
this, because I made onoe a vow. that the first bat- 
tel that either the king your father, or any of his 
children should be at, how that I would be one of 
the first setters on, or dse to die In the pain ; there- 
of I require your grace, as in reward for my service 
that ever I did to the king your fisther, or to you, 
that you would give me license to depart IWnn you, 
and to set myself there, as I may accomplish my 
vow.' The prince accorded to his desire, and said, 
•Sir Jamst, God give you tModaymat graeoto be 
Oto bo9t knight of oUotktrf and so took him by the 
hand. Then the knight departed fVom the prince, 
and went to the foremost firont <^ all the battel, 
allonely accompanied with four esquires, who pro- 
mised not to fail him. This lord James was a -right 
sage and a valiant knight ; and by him was mudi 
of the hoet ordained and governed the day befot«. 
' «* The Lord James Audley, with his four esquires, 
was hi the front of the battel, and there did marvels 
In armsi and, by great prowess, he came and 
fought with Sit Arnold Damdrahor, \mder his own 
banner, and there they fought long together, and 
Sir Arnold was there sore han d led." Froissard goes 
on to say, «« that his lordship continuing to combat 
in his advanced position, he was sore hurt in the 
body, and in the visage; as long as his breath 
served him, he fought. At last, at the end of the 
battel, his four esquires took and brought him out 
of the fidd, and laid him under a hedge to refresh 
him, and they unarmed him, and bound up his 
wounds as well as they could. 

«' As soon as the Earl of Warwick (continues the 
same authority,) and Lord Cobham were departed, 
the prince demanded rsgardingthe Lord Audley; 
some andswered, * He Is sore hurt, and lieth in a 
litter here beside.*-—' By my JMth, (said the prince,) 
q^ his hurts I am right sorry ; go, ostd know if he 
may be brought hither, Ose I witi go and see him 
Mere as he is.' Then two knights came to the Lord 
Audley, and said, * Sir, the prince desireth greatly 
to see you.* « Ah, Sir,' (said Lord Audley,) * I 
thank the prince when he thought on so poor a' 
a knight as I am.' Then he called eight of his 
servants, and caused them to bear him in his litter, 
to the place were the prince was. 

" Then the prince took him in his arms and 
kissed him, and made him great cheer, and said, 
•Sir James, loMghtgreatly to honor you, Jbr by your 



Thomas Walle, Hugh Wristhesley. Niel Lorlng. 
John Chandos, Jambs dk Auolby, Olho Holland, 
Henry Ewe, Zanchet Dabridgecourt, William Pay- 
nd. 

80 



ealUtnee, you have thie day oeMeved the grace and 
renown qf us all ; and ye are reputed for the most 
valiant tfall otAer.* * Ah, Sir,' (said the knight,) * ye 
say as it pleaseth you ; I would it were so: and if 
I have this day any thing avanced myself, to serve 
you and accomplish the vow that I made, it ought 
not to be reputed to my own prowess.' * Sir James, 
(said the prince,) I, and all ours take you in Oiis 
Journey for the beet doer in arme/ and to the intent 
to furnish you the better to pursue Me wars ; I retain 
you for ever to be my knight, with five hundred marks 
<tf yearly revenues, the whidi I shall assign you f^my 
heritage in England.' 'Sir,' (said the knight,) 
* God grant me to deserve the great goodness that ye 
shew me.' And so he took his leave of the prince, 
for he was right feeble ; and so his servants brought 
him to his lodging. 

** The Lord James Audley gave to his four es- 
quires the five hundred marks revenue that the 
prince had given him. 

** When the prince heard of this gift made by 
Sir James Audley to his four esquires, he thanked 
him for so doing, and gave him six hundred marks 
per annum more." 

In confirmation of Froissard, it appears by the 
public records, that this eminent soldier had for 
his singular services at the' battleof Polctien, a grant 
fhnn Edward the Black Prince, of an annuity of 
£400 during his life, and for one year after, to be re- 
ceived out of the coinage of the Stanneries in Corn- 
wall, and the king's lands in that county. After 
this period, he continued to serve in the wars, with 
equal renown to himself and glory to his country. 
His lordship m., first, Joane, daughter of Roger 
Mortimer, Earl of March, and had issue, 
fiicMQLAB, hie successor. 
Joane, m. to Sir John Tuchet, grandaonof whidi 
marriage. Sir John Tuchet, was.sununoned 
to parliament as Baron Audley, upon the 
extinction of the male line of the fkmily. 
(See Tuchet, Barons Audley.) 
Margaret, in. to Sir Roger Hillary. 

The baron in., secondly, Isabel, daughter and co- 
heireis of William Malbank, Banm of Wich-Mal- 
bank, by whom he had, 

2f*>"«*. \ i^yj of whom d. s. p. 

Thomas, j . 

Margaret, m. to Fouke, won ot Sir Fouke 
Fits-Warine, Knt. 
His lordship made his will in the9th of Richard II., 
at Heleigh qastle, by which he bequeathed his 
body to be buried in the Quire of his AMiey at 
Hilum, before the high altar. In case he should de- 
part this life in the marches ; but if in Devon or 
Somersetshire, then in the Quire of the Fryers 
Preachers at Exeter, before the high altar there; 
and appointed that there should be about his 
corpse, five great tapers, and five morters of wax, 
bummg on the day of his funeral, as also £40 
sterling, then distributed to poor people, to pray 
for his souL To Nicholas, his son, he gave 
£100 in money, and one doien of silver vessels, with 
all the armour for his own body. To Fouke Fits- 
Wariuc and Philip liis uncle, aU his other armour 
of plate and malL To Margaret Hillary, his daugh- 
ter, £I0 in money; and to the monks of Hilton 



AUD 



AUD 



Abbey, to pny ftv h<* ■ou)» ^I<)^ Tb^ g^^^ *ol* 
dier (L at HeWgh, od tbe Itt of April, 1380, and was 
«. by bis eldest son, 

NICHOLAS AUDLBY, Lord Audley, wbo was 
wimmoBcd to pariiamaot from the 17th December, 
1387. to ISth SeptWBber, 190a His lonlship. m. 
Elisabeth, daughter of Addioe de Beaumont, by 
whom Iw bad no issue; he d. in ISIS, and his half- 
brothers luiTlng predeceased him, issuelen, the 
mala line of this branch of the tenily of Aldithb- 
I.KY on AuDLBT, cxplred, while the «* Barony of 
Audley" devf^Ted upon the grandson of his lord- 
ahip's sister, Joane Tuchet, his other sister. Mar- 
fsret Hillary, haTing also died without issua. 

Arm»— Gules, a fret, or. 

AUDLEY, OR DE ALDITHELEY— 
BARONS AUDLEY, AND 
SUJBSEQUENTLY EARL 
OF GLOUCESTER. 

Barony by Writ of Summons, 15th May, 1321, 
14th Edward II. 

HUGH DE ALDITHELEY, OR AUDLEY, 
taother it is presumed of Nicholas, Lord Audley, of 
Hdei^, was summoned to pariiament as *« Hugh 
de Audley, Seniori," on the IMh May. 1321, 14th 
Edward II. His lordship had been engaged during 
the reign of Edward I. in the king's serrioe, and 
> called •« Senior,** to distinguish him from his 
Being concerned in the insurrection of Thomas, 
Earl of Lancaster, Iftth of Edward IL, the baron 
was cgmmitteda dose prisoner to Wallingford Cas- 
tle, but making his peace with the king he obtained 
bis rdease, and suflined nothing fruther. His lord- 
ship sate bft the parliament of the 11th and 14th of 
Edward IL He m. Isokla, widow of Walter Balim, 
and left two sons, by tba dder of whom he 



HUGH DE AUDLEY. who had been summoned 
to parliament in the Ulb-time of his flMher as 
«« Hugh db Awlmy, Jditiori,'* from 80th No- 
vember, 1317, to lAth May, 1321, and after that 
nobleman's decease as ** Huoh dm Audlis," from 
3rd December* 1386, 90th Edward IL, to 10th 
Edward IIL His lordship m. Margaret, sister and 
co-hcircas cf Gilbevt de Clare, Earl of Gloucester, 
and widow of Piers Gayestone, by whom he left an 
only dau^ter and heiress, 

Mazvuret, wbo m. Ralph, Lord Staflbrd, and 
carried the barony of Aud^y into that Ik- 
mily: it expired upon the attainder of 
^ Edward, Duke of Buckingham, with that 
* nobieman's other honours, in 1081. 
Hugh, Lord Audley, was created Earl of Glou- 
cester, 83kd April, 1317, and under that title a 
further account of his lordship will be found. He 
tf. in 1347. 

AUDLEY— BARON AUDLEY, OF 
WALDEN. 

Created by Letters Patent, 89th November, 1538, 
90th Henry VIIL 

ICincagc. 

THOMAS AUDLEY, an eminent lawyer in the 



reign of Henry VIIL, but of what family neither 
Dugdale nor the other genealogists have been al>lo 
to ascertain, having attracted royal fSivor by his 
seal in the spoliation of religious houses, as speaker 
of the parliament #hicfa originated that measure, 
attained within a short period the highest honon 
which royalty could bestow. In the 8and at 
Henry VIIL he was nominated attorney for the 
dudiy of Lancaster, raised to the degree of ser- 
geant-al-tew, and appointed king's sergeant. In 
two years afterwards Mr. Sergeant Audley suc- 
ceeded Sir Thomas More in the custody of the 
great seal, as lord keeper, when he received the 
honor of knighthood, and before the close of the 
year he was elevated to the dignity of i.ord chan- 
cBLi/OR or Eboland. In addition to those lucra- 
tive honors. Sir Thomas had a grant of the icite 
and precinct, with all the lands and plate thereunto 
belonging of the suppressed priory of CArbteAwrdk, 
** near Aldgate, in the dty of London," where he 
erected a mansion-house for his residence. In the 
30th of the same reign his lordship sate as high 
steward upon the trial oi Henry Courtenay, Mar- 
quess of Exeter, for conspiring to. raise Reginald 
Pole (the subsequently eminent Cardinal Pole) to 
the throne. And in that year he obtained a grant 
of the great ./I660y <^ FTaJdm, in Essex, in compen- 
sation, as he alleged, ** for having in this world 
sustained great damage and inflsmy in serving the 
king." Having acquired this last possession he was 
raised to the peerage by letters patent, dated 8Dtb 
November, 1538, as Baron Avdlky or Walobiv, 
and installed a knight of the meet noUe order of 
the garter. His lordship m. Elisabeth, daughter of 
Thomas Grey, Marquea of Dorset, and had two 
daughters, vIl 

Margaret, la. first to Lord Henry Dudley, son 
of John, Duke of NorthumberUmd, who 
fell at SL Quintan hi lAfl7* dybig §.p,,- and 
secondly to Thomas Howard, Duke of Nor- 
folk, who was beheaded Sad July, 1078, by 
whom her grace had iuue— 

Thomas, summoned to parliament as 
Lord Howard or Wai.dbn, and 
afterwards created Earx. of SurvoLK, 
lord high treasurer temp. Jemes I. 
and K.G. From this nobleman de- 
scend the Earls of Suflblk and Berk- 
shire. 
Henry, died young. 

William, ancestor of the Earls of Car- 
lisle. 
Elizabeth, died unmarried. 
Margaret, m. to Robert Seckville, second 
Earl of Dorset, ancestor of the Dukes 
of Dorset. 
The DucheM of Norfolk inherited the entire 
property of her fother upon the decease 
of her sister. 
Mary, who died unmarried. 
Lord Audley died 19th April, 1A44, when the title 
egpired in defiuilt of a male heir. He was succeed- 
ed in the custody of the seals by Sir Thomas 
Wriothesley. His lordship bequeathed by his last 
testament, his body to be buried in the tomb 
of his new chapel at WaUen t and appointed that 

81 



BAD 



BAD 



his ezecuton should, upon the next new yeti's day 
after his decease, ddlver a legacy of one hundred 
pounds to the kfaig, **firom whom he had received 
all his reputations and benefits.** Of this nobleman 
Rapin says, ** Chancellor Audley was a person of 
good sensck He served the reformers when he could 
without danger : but he was too much a courtier to 
insist upon what he Judged reasonable, if the king 
was against it** 

Armb>— Quarterly per pale indented or, and as. 
In the second and third an eagle displayed of the 
first, on a bend at the second a tnt between two 
martlets of gold. 

AVESNES— EARL OF CAMBRIDGE. 

Creation of King Edward III. 

ICiiuagt. 

In the year 1340, 

JOHN DE AVESNES, of Hainault, uncle oir 
brother of Philippa, King Edward the Third's con- 
sort, was created Earx. or Cambridok, but engag- 
ing afterwards in the interest of France he was 
deprived of the dignity. His lordship never bad 
summons to parliament. 

BADLESMERE— BARONS BADLES- 

MERE. 

By Writ ot Summons, dated 86th October, 13Q9, 
3rd Edward II. 

ICincagc. 

The first mention of this fiunily occurs in the 
Itfth year of the reign of Henry II,, when 

BARTHOLOMEW DE BADLESMERE, had a 
law-suit with William de Cheney oonoeming a 
landed property in the county of Kent { and in the 
S2nd of the same king, we find this Bartholomew 
amerced twenty marlcs for trespassing in the royal 
forests. To Barthokwuew succeeded, 

WILLIAM DE BADLESMERE, who adhering 
to the cause of the barons was taken prisoner, with 
several others, in the castle of Rochester, towards 
the close of King John's reign, and did not obtain 
his freedom until the sixth year of Henry III. 
After this William, came 

GILES DE BADLESMERE, who lost his life in 
a skirmish with the Welsh, in the 32nd year of 
Henry IIL, and after him, 

GUNCELINE DE BADLESMERE, known first 
as a great rebel to Henry III., for which he was ex- 
communicated by the ArdiUshop of Canterbury ; 
but subsequently, returning to his allegiance, as 
Justice of Chester, in which oflloe he continued 
until the 9th of Edward I. In the next year he was 
in the expedition made into Wales, and in the 
Sftth of the same monarch, in that into Gasoony. 
He d. in four years afterwards, nised of the manor 
of Badlesmere, which he hdd in capite of the 
crown, as of the barony of Cxevequer, by the ser- 
vice of one knight's fee. He was «. by his son, then 
twoity-six years of age, 

BARTHOLOMEW DE BADLESMERE, who 
in the life-time of his fisther, (SSnd Edward IL) 
received command to attend the king at Ports- 
mouth, upon the 1st day of September, with horse 
and arms to embark wiUi him for Gaacooy, and in 



the year that he succeeded to his paternal property 
was in the wars of Scotland. He was afterwards in 
the retinue of Robert de Cliflbrd in the Webb wars, 
and in the 1st year of Edward 1 1., was iq>pointed 
governor of the castle of BristoL In two years 
afterwards he was summoned to parliament as Bad- 
lesmere, and had a grant from the king, through the 
especial influence of Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Glou- 
cester and Hertford, and Henry de Lad, Earl of 
Lincoln, of the castle and manor of Chelham in 
Kent, for his own and his wife^s life, which castle 
had been poasesaed by Alexander de Baliol in right 
of his wife Isabel, and ought to have eadieated to 
the crown upon the decease of the said Alexander, 
by reason of the felony ot Jcrim de Strabolgi, Earl 
of Athol, (Isabd's son and heir,) who was lumged. 
In the Sth ot Edward II., Lord Badlesmere was 
constituted governor ot the castle of Ledes, and 
obtained at the same time grants of divers exten- 
sive manors. In the next year but one, his lord- 
ship was deputed, with Otto de Giandison and 
others, ambassador to the court of Rome, and the 
next year, upon the death of Robert de Clifford, he 
obtained a grant of the custody of the castle of 
Skypton in Yorkshire, as of all other castles in 
that county, and Westmerdand, whereof the said 
Robert died possessed, to hold during the minority 
of Roger de Cliflbrd, his son and heir. 

His lordship was further indebted to the crown 
for numerous charters for fsizs and marts through- 
out his extensive manors; and he held the high 
office of steward of the household for a great num- 
ber of years i but notwithstanding his thus .basking 
in the sunshine of royal favour, his allegiance was 
not trustworthy, for joining the banner of Thomas 
Earl of Lancaster, and other discontented nobles of 
that period, he went into Kent without the king's 
permission: where being well received, he put 
himself at the head of some soldiers ftom his castle 
at Ledes, and thence proceeded to Canterbury, 
with nineteen knights, having linen Jackets under 
their surcoats, all his esquires being in plate 
armour, and thus repaired to the shrine of St 
Thcnnas, to the great amasement of the good dti- 
lens. While Lord Badlesmere remained at Canter- 
bury, John de Crumwell and his wife sought his 
lordship's aid, and pledging himself to aflbrd it, he 
hasted to Oxford, where the barons of his party 
bad been then assembled. In the mean time the 
king being apprised of the baron's proceedings de- 
spatdied the queen to Ledes, and upon admisdon 
being denied to her, the castle was reguhvly in- 
vested by Adomere de Valence, Earl of Pembroke, 
and John de Britannia, Earl of Ridunond, to 
whom it eventually surrendered, when Lord Bad- 
lesmereTs wife, young son, and daughters, all falling 
into the hands of the besiegers, were sent prisoners 
to the Tower of London. The baron and his ac- 
complices afterwards were pursued by Edmund, 
Earl of Kent, and John de WarrQi, Earl of Surrey, 
and bdng defeated and taken prisoners at the 
battle of Borough-bridge, his lordship was hanged, 
drawn, and quartered, at Canterbury, and his head 
set upon a pole at Burgate. At the time of the 
baron's execution, upwards of ninety lords, knights, 
and others ooncenied in the same insurrection, suf- 



BAL 



BAL 



fered A ■fanHw flite In Tsrious pnti ctf the klag- 
dam, Ibrgvtt, Mi lordihip'a widow, (one of the 
danghten and oo-hdrenes of Tliomaa, third loa 
of Thomee, wcond ion of Ridiardde ClMf, Earl of 
Glouccaterp) contiaaed prlMmer In the Tower, until, 
thraeigh the influence of WHMam Lord Rooa, ot 
Hamlake, and othen, ahe ohtalned her fireedom. 
Whereupon betaking hevwif to the nunnery of 
Min mnwet t without Aldgate, In tiie tuburbt of 
London, ahe had two ahillinga a day for her main- 
tenance, to be paid by the ■herilf of Emck ; alie 
cnbaequently, however, obtained a large proportion 
of the dfireiwed lord*! manors for her dowry. By 
this lady. Lord Badleamere left issue* 

GiLBS. 

Maud, Di. to John de Vera, Earl of Oxfbrd. 

EUaabeth, m. first to Edmund Mortimer, and 
aeeondly, to William Bohun, Earl of 
Northampton. 

Maxgaret, m. to Sir John Tibetot. 

Margery, m. to William, Lord Roos, of Ham- 
lake. 
His lordship had been summoned to parliament, 
ftom the 90tb October, iaO0. to 5th August, laSO. 
His unhappy fiite occurred in 1388; but notwith- 
standing (ftof, his son, 

CHLE8 DS BADLBSMERE, second baron, 
finnidcucfa &TOur ftom the kia^, that he had a 
■pedal precept to the keeper of the wardrobe, in 
tlie Tower, to deliTer unto him all his Other's bar- 
neys, as well ooflft-annouie as others. This noble- 
man doing homage In the 7ih of Edward IIL, al- 
thou|^ not dien at minority, had Uvery of his 
lands, and the next year attended the king In an ex- 
pedition into Scotland, in which service he was en- 
gaged the tliree ensuing years. His lordship had 
summons to parliament from S8d January, 1336, to 
IBth August, 1337. He m. EUxabeth, daughter of 
William de Montacute. Earl of Salisbury ; but dying 
without iaane, in 1338, the bakory or Badlbs- 
MXBB fell Into eABBTAwcB hot wean his sisters and 
eo-hdresse»» and it so continues amongst their de- 



Akmb— Ag. a ftase betw. two bars gamelles. 



BALIOD— BARONS BALIOL. 

Feudal. 

In the reign of William Rurva, 

GUY DE BALIOL had a grant firom the crown 
of the BABOWY of BiWBLO, in the county of 
Notthnmberlend, and thus became Its teidal lord. 
This Guy, although a benefactor to the churdi, and 



• The faarooy of Badlesmere waaaaaumed without 
any legal right by the deoeeaed lord's aUaet sister, 
Maud, Connteaaof Ozfoed, and the Earl, her hus- 
band, and was retained in thAt Hunily until the de- 
mise of John de Vere, Ibnxteenth earl* without male 
israe, in the reign <^ Henry VIIL, when it was oar- 
tiled, Bth April* 1688* to have fhllan into abeyance 
between that nobleman'a four sisters. 



within the see of Durfaim, waa nevertheleBS Inter- 
dicted hnnting in any of the bishop's forests. He 
was a. by his son, 

BARNARD DE BALIOL, a military com- 
mender of reputation, who participated in the vic- 
tory achieved over the Soots, in 1138, at NortBaler- 
ton, known in history as the *« Battle of the Stand- 
ard," but was afterwards taken prisoner, at Linootn, 
wiUi KLing Stephen. Upon the incurelon of the 
ScoU, ta the 20th Henry IL* Barnard de Baliol 
again took up arras, and joining Robert de Stute- 
vile, proceeded to the relief of Afaiwick CMtle, 
and having surprised the besiegers, seised the king of 
Soots with his own hand* and sent him prisoner to 
the Ceatle of Richmond. In the course of this 
liotoed mardi to Alnwick, when, in consequence of 
a dense fbg, a halt was reooaomended, Baliol ex- 
claimed, •« Let those stay that will, I am resolved 
to go forward* aldMogh none follow me, rather 
than dishonour mya^ by tarrying here." This 
feudeldiief is supposed to have been the ftrander 
of the fortreaa upon the benka of the Telse, called 
" Banard Castle." H« was a nmnifloant benefiKtor 
to the church, having, among other grants, be> 
stowed lands upon the Abbey of St. Mary at York, 
and upon the monks at RiebauJt* for the health of 
his own soul* and that of his wift, Aohbs ob Pik- 
CBBKi. He was «. by his son, 

EUSTACE DE BALIOL, who gave £lOO for 
Uoense to marry the widow of Robert Fitspiers. 
This feudal k)rd had issue— 
Huoji, his succcaaor. 

Henry, m. Lore, oneoftheco-heiraeBea of Chris- 
tian, wife of William de Mandeville, Earl of 
Essex ; and dying in the 30th of Henry IIL, 
his widow, the Lfuly LauretU (as termed in 
the record), had livery of all the lands in Es- 
sex, Hertford, and Norfolk, which he held 
of her inheritance. 
Eustace, in. Helewise, daughter and heiieaa of 
Ralph de Levyngton, a baron of Northum- 
berland, and hia wifs, Ada, who had been 
the widow of William de FumlvaU. In the 
tfth Henry IIL thb Eustace was aherilf of 
Cumberland and governor of the caatle of 
Caxlisle. In nine years afterwards, assum- 
ing the croaa, he attended Prince Edward 
to the Holy Land. Upon the decease of Us 
wife, Eustace de Baliol m»peen to have had 
a great contest with her heirs-at-law re> 
garding her inheritance in a moiety of the 
barony of BuBOH I theheirsclaimingimmo* 
diate poeaeeslon, while Eustace held, that, 
having had a chUd bom alive by thedeoeaaed* 
he waa entitled by the courtesy of England 
to a life-interest in the eatatew The heirs 
seeno, however, to haveeventually previdled. 
Eustace espoused, for his second wife, Agnes, 
aeoonddau^terof JoanedePerd, andgrand- 
dau^iter (maternally) of William de Bruere, 
a powcrftil feudal baron of that period. 
Euetaee de Baliol, Sen., was «. by his eldest son, 
HUGH DE BALIOL, who was certified to hold 
the barony of BlweU of the crown by the service of 
five knights^ fees, and to find thirty aoldlers for the 
guard of Newcastle-upon-Tyne* as his progeniton 

93 



BAL 



BAL 



had done from the time of Ruftu. He held likewiae 
the lordship of Hiche, in Knex, in capUe, as an 
augmentation of his barony, by the gift of Henry 1 1. 
Prom King Joim he obtained the lands of Richard 
de Uniranville, and of Robert de MeiineU, in the 
county of York, in consideration of his aervices in 
the Baronial War. In the 18th of that monarch's 
reign, he was Joined with Philip de Hulcotes in de- 
fence of the northern border towards Scotland; 
and when the king of Scots had subjjugated the 
whole of Northumberland for Lewis of France, 
those generals held out stoutly all the fortresses upon 
the line of the Tetse, particularly rAii« of Barnard 
Castle, where Eustace de Vesci (who had married 
the Scottish monarch's sister), coming with his 
royal brother-in-law to the siege, was slain. Hugh 
de Baliol was succeeded by his son, 

JOHN DE BALIOL. This feudal lord m. De- 
Torguill, one of the three daughters and co-heirs 
of Alan of Galloway, a great baron of Scotland, by 
Margaret, eldest sister of John le Soot, the last 
Earl of Chester, and one of the heirs of David, some* 
time earl of Huntingdon, from which alliance arose 
the claim of the Baliois to the crown of Scotland. 
By this illustrious lady he acquired the Scottish 
barony of Galloway. In the 88th Henry III., when 
ways and means were required to discharge the 
debt incurred by the war in Gascony, John de 
Baliol was one of the committee of twelve chosen 
to report to parliament upon the sutjeet ; and the 
next year he paid thirty pounds for thirty knights' 
fees, wluch he held towards the levy in aid, for 
marrying the king's daughter. He was afterwards 
sheriff of Cumberland for six successive years, and 
governor of the castle of Carlisle. Subsequently 
he had a military summons to attend the king at 
Chester, to oppose the Welsh, and was sheriff of 
the counties of Nottingham and Derby for three 
years s at which time he had the honour qfPeverai 
committed to his custody. In the baronial contest 
he adhered faithfully to the king, and fell into the 
hands of the Earl of Leicester, with his royal mas- 
ter, at the taM.tle of Lewes, in 1S64 ; but he appears 
to have effected his escape, and to have Joined the 
other loyal barons in raising fresh troops for the 
captive monarch's redemption. This John Baliol 
was founder of the college that bears his name at 
Oxford. He d. in 1268, and was «. by Us son (then 
twenty-eight years of age), 

HUGH DE BALIOL, who m. Anne, daughter of 
William de Valence, Earl of Pembroke, but dying 
the next year without issue, was «. by his brother, 

ALEXANDER DE BALIOL. The barony in- 
herited by this feudal lord consisted of more than 
flve-and-twenty extensive lordships. He A in U78, 
and was «. by bis son, 

JOHN DE BALIOL, who m. Isabel, daughter of 
John de Warren, Earl of Surrey. This feudal no- 
bleman was one of the chief competitors for the 
crown of Scotland, in the reign of Edward I., and 
was eventually declared king, by the decision of 
that monarch, to whose arbitration the claimants 
submitted their pretensions. 

To elucidate Baliol's right to the Caledonian 
sceptre, it will be n ec e is a r y to digress somewhat 
into the genealogy of the SootUsb prinoea. 
94 



David, KUtg qf Scotland, had an only son, 
HxNRY, who pre-deoeased him, leaving three sons, 
via. — 

1. Malcolm, who ascended the throne as Mal- 
colm IV., and was «. by hia.brother, 
8. William the Lion, who was «. by his son, 
Alszandcr the Third. This pHnoe 
espoused Margaret, daughter of Henry 
III. King of England, and sister of 
King Edward 1. and had three chil- 
dren. via.— 
Alexander, 1 bothdied in thelife-tlme 
David, J of their fether, ». p. 
Margaret, m. in 1281, Eric, Kino or 
Norway, and left an only daugh- 
ter, 

Maroarbt, who was acknow- 
l«ged QuBxx or Scots, but 
died in her passage fiam 
Norway, and with her ter- 
minated the Unes of David's 
two sons, Malcolm and Wil- 
liam. 
3. David, Earl of Huntingdon, In England, 
espoused Maud, daughter of Hugh, and sister 
and co-heiress of Ranulph, Earl of Chester, 
by whom he left issue at his decease in 181S, 
John, sumamed Le Scot, a. to the Earldom 
of Huntingdon, and became Earl of 
Chester, died «. p. 
Margaret, m. to Alan, of Galloway* and 
had two daughters, via.—- 

Dervorguill, m. to John de Baliol, 
grandfether of John de Baliol, of 
whom we are now Immediately 
treating. 
Marjory, m. to John Casaja, and died 
».p. 
Isabella, m. Robert Bruce, and had a son, 
RoBSRT Brucb, the celebrated claim- 
ant for the Scottish crown. 
Ada, m. Henry de Hastinge* Lord Hast- 
ings, and left issue, 

Hbnrt, Lord Hastings, also a com- 
petitor for the Scottish throne. 
Margaret. 

Hillarie, m. to Sir William Haroourt, 
ancestor of the Earls or Har- 
couRT, recently extinct. 
By this taUe, the daim of Baliol seems indispu- 
table, his mother, who was then alive, having 
abdicated her right in his flavour, but Bruce con- 
tended that he was himself one step of kindred 
nearer to David, Earl of Huntingdon, than Baliol, 
being that nobleman's grandsons and he met the 
question of seniority, by alleging, that he had to 
contest that point in reality with Baliol's mother, 
and that being a male, he ought to be p r e f erred to 
a female, aoeording to the law and usage of nations, 
ot which he adduced divers precedents. EUlward, 
decided, however, in fevour of Baliol, and the 
new king swore fealty to the English monarch, on 
30th November, 1298, as his supeHor lord. In the oath 
he acknowledged the sovereignty of the King of Eng- 
land over Scotland, in very express and submissive 
terms ; and he caused an authentic act of Allcgianae 



pm 



BAR 



BAR 



to be dfami up. BaIiol*k ImtallAtioii foDowed, $nd 
WW pflrfbrmed at Scone» with the omul ooremoDlet, 
all the Scottiih lords swearing fealty to him, MTe 
RoBSRT Bbuck, who ahMuted himsd^ Thus the 
Bngliah fbvsai. Bakowy or Baiaoi,, rnvged ia 
the nigral dignity of Sootlaad. 
Asm*— Gu. aa orle ar. 

BALIOI>— BARONS BALIOL. 

By Wiit of SwimnoM, dated fl8th September, 1300, 

88Edi|anlL 

ALEXANDER BALIOL, brother of JoBH na Ba- 
LioL. Kino or Sooti^utd, being in the retinue of 
that magnffleeoft pvdate, Anthony Beke, Bishop of 
Dntham, and Patriardi of JcniiMpin ; in the ex- 
pedition made by King Edward I. into Flanders, 
was restated to all hie lands in Scotland, in the SSth 
of that manardi*s reAgn— and was summoned to 
parliament as a Babox, from the 96th September, 
I30O, to theard Norember, ldO& His lordship m. 
IsabeO, daughter and hdreis of Richard de Chil- 
ham, and widow of David de Strabolgi, Earl of 
Athol, by whom he obtained for life, the castle and 
manor of Chilham, in the county of Kent. Dying, 
however, without issue, the Babomv of Baliol 
became bxtibct. 

BARDOLF— BARONS BARDOLF. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 6th February, UB9, 
27 Edward L 

ICituagc. 

Thb first ci this family upon record, 
WILLIAM BARDULF, was sheriff of Norfolk 
and SuflUk, from the 16th to Slst of Henry II., 
IndusiTe, and after him came 

THOMAS BARDULF, who, upon the scutage 
being levied of sudi barons as did not attend King 
Henry IL foto Ireland, in the 18th of that mo- 
nardi's reign, nor contribute men or money to that 
scnrice, paid £25. Cor the Kutage of those knights' 
fees wUdi formerly bdonged to Ralph Hanselyn, 
Baron of Schdford in the county of Nottingham, 
whose daughter and heiress, Rosa, he had married. 
This Thomas obtained fh>m William, brother of 
Kfaig Henry IL, the Lordship of Bradewell, to hold 
to himsdf and his heirs, by the serrioe of one 
knight's fee. Three parti of which he bestowed 
upon his three daughters ; vis. , wife of Ro- 
bert de St. Remigio i , wifeof William Bacun { 

and f wife of Baldwin de Thoni. Thomas 



Bardttlf was a. by his son, 

DOUN BARDOLF, who marrying Beatrix, daugh- 
ter andheiressofWilliamdeWerrsn, acquired by her 
the Barony of Wirmegay, in the county of Norfolk. 
He (f. in 1900, leaTlng his widow Beatrix surviving, 
who gave 3100 marks to the king, for livery of her 
fethcr's lands, and a reaionable dowry from the 
lands bdooging to her husband; as also that she 
might not be compdkd to marry again, contrary to 
her iadination. Doun Bardolf was «. by his ton, 

WILLIAM BARDOLF, who in the 96th of Henry 
III., attended that monarch in person, in the expe- 
dition which be then made into Fiance. In the 
next year, he had livery of the honor of Wirmegay, 



wMch during Us minority had beta in the hands of 
Hubert de Burgh, Earl of Kent} and he 
quently obtataied royal charters fer ourkets 
free warrsn throo^iout his difllrcnt lordshipe 
and manors. In the 41st of the nnne monarch, he 
attended the king ia his expedition into Wales, and 
was soon after constituted governor of Nottin^iem 
CesUa He was at the fetal battleof Lewes, under 
the royal banner, in 1964, and waa there taken pri- 
soner akag with the king. He d. in the 4th of 
Edward I., anno 197A, and was s. by his ion, 

WILLIAM BARDOLF, who doing homage, had 
livery of his lands, lying in the counties of Leices- 
ter, Lincoln, Nottingham, Norfolk, and Suieexi 
and Kxm after obtained charters for felrs and mar- 
kets to be hoMen at his diflbmt mnors. He m. 
Julian, daughter of Hugh de Gumay, end dying in 
U99, wes «. by his son, 

HUGH BARDOLF, who te the 9Sd of Edward L. 
had summons with other eminent persons, to attend 
the king, to advise upon the aflkirs of the realm, 
and was subsequently summoned to parliataent, as 
Babob BAB]>oLr, from the 6th of February, 1999, 
to the 2nd of June^ 1308. He m. Isabel, daughter 
and heireii of Robert Aguillon.e by whom he had 
two ions, Thomas and William. His lordship, 
who was employed in the French and Scottish wan 
of this reign, d. in 1303, and was«. by his elder son, 

SIR THOMAS BARDOLF, K.B., es second Ba- 
aoM Babdolv. TUs nobleman was summoned to 
parliament, flrom 96th August, 1307, to Sard Octo- 
ber, 130a In the latter of which yeers his lordship 
d., sad was «. by his son, 

JOHN BARDOLF, third Babob Babdolf, 
summoned to parliament, from 99nd January, 1336, 
to the 1st June, 1363. His kirdship in. Eliasbeth, 
daughter and ooheireis of Sir Roger I^Amorie, and, 
as Dugdale calls her, «< that great woman," his wife, 
Elisabeth, by whom he acquired a considerable 
accession of landed property. This noUeman par- 
ticipated in the glories of the martial reign of Ed- 
ward III., and attained the high dignity of Ban- 
NBBXT. He d. in 1371, and was s. by his son, 

WILLIAM BARDOLF, fourth Babow Bab- 
noLF— summoned to parliament, from 90Ch Janu- 
ary, 1376, to 3rd September, 138ft, as «• William 
Bardolf of Wormegay." His lordship m. Agnes, 
daughter of Sir Michad Poynings, Knt. He served 
in the French and Irish wars : Utterly under John 
of Oaimt, Duke of Lancaster, and dying in 13BS, 
was «. by his son, 

THOMAS BARDOLF, fifth Babon Babdolf— 
iummoned to parliament, from 19th September, 
13B0, to 9Sth August, 1404. This nobleman joining 
Henry, Earl of Northumberland, Thomas, Earl 

* In Gibson's Camden's Britannia, it is stated, 
that Sir Robert Aguillon had a castle at the manor 
of Addington in Surrey, which was hoUcn in fee, 
by the lerjeantcy, to find in the king's kitdicn, on 
the coronation day, a penon to make a dainty dish, 
called, '* Mapigernoun, or DiUegrout," and serve 
the same up to the king's table. This lerviee hfs 
been regularly claimed by the lords of the seld 
manor, and flowed at the respective ccmmatioas of 
the kings of England.— Ban^y Rrtitwt Pwreffv. 
E 99 



BAS- 



BAS 



Marshal ' and Nottlngh«iA« and Richard Scroope, 
Archbishop of York, in their rebellion, temp. 
Henry IV.. (for which the earl marshal and arch- 
Uahop were breaded at York.) he was forced, 
with tlie earl of Northumberland, to fly to France, 
but those lords returning in about three years 
afterwards, and again raising the standard of insur- 
rection in Yorkshire, they were attacked by the 
sheriff and the power of the county at Bramham 
Moor, where sustaining a total defeat, the earl fell 
in the field, and Lord Bardolf died soon afterwards 
of his wounds. His lordship had married Avicia. 
daughter of Ralph. Lord Cromwell, and left two 
daughters, via. 

Aime, m. first, to Sir William Cliflbrd, Knt, 

and secondly, to Reginald Lord Cobham. 
Joane, m..to Sir William Phelip. K.G., (son 
of Sir John Phelip, Knt., of Donynton, in 
the county of Suflblk,) a valiant soldier in 
the French wars of King Henry V., to which 
monarch he was treasurer of the household, 
and at his decease had the chief direction of 
his funeral. Sir William is said to have 
been raised to the peerage by letters patent, 
as Lord BARDOLr, in the reign at Henry 
VI.. but he was never summoned to par- 
liament. By Joane Bardolf he left an only 
daughter and heiress, 

Elisabeth, who m. John, Viscount Beau- 
mont. (See that dignity.) 
• Thomas, the fifth and unfortunate Lord Bar- 
dolf. dying thus, and bdng afterwards att^nted, 
his Barony and large possessions became forfeited. 
The estates were divided between Thomas Beau- 
fort, Duke of Exeter, the king's brother. Sir George 
Dunbar, Knt., and the queen; but the latter pro- 
portion, upon the petition of Sir William CUflbrd 
and his wife, and Sir William Phelip and his wife, 
to the king, was granted in reversion after the 
queen's decease, to those representatives of the 
attainted nobleman. Dugdale states, "that Lord 
Bardolf 's remains were quartered, and the quarters 
disposed of, by being set upon the gates of London, 
York, Lenne, and Shrewsbury, while the head was 
placed upon one of the gates of Lincoln. His wi- 
dow obtained permission, however, in a short time 
to remove and bury them." 
A]Uf»— As. three cinque folia, or. 

BASSET — BARONS BASSET OF 
WELDEN. 

By Writ of Summons, dated eth February, U99, 
S7th Edward L 

ICincagc. 

Few flsmilies in the early annals of England can 
boast of a more eminent progenitor, than the Bas- 
sets, and the descendants of few of the Anglo- 
Norman nobles attidned a higher degree of power 
tlian those of, 

RALPH BASSET, who* is said to have been 
raised by Henry I ., Arom a lowly condition, to 

■ Li I.I II I II 

• De ignoUli stirpe illustravit ac de pulvere (ut 
Ita dicam,) extuliti datAque multi^Uci Auultate 
super ooDsules et illustres oppidanos exaltavlt. 
— <Orderlcus Viulis. 



large possessions, and to have been " exalted above 
earls and other eminent men," by -that monarch. 
'Tis true he was constituted JuaTiCK of England, 
and invested with the power of sitting in whatever 
court he pleased and where he might list for the 
administration of Justice ; but it is not equally cer- 
tain that he was of so humble an origin, for we find 
his son Ralph, in the reign of Stephen, " abound- 
ing in wealth, and erecting a strong castle upon 
some part of his inheritance in Normandy.** The 
son having such an heritable property would oer- 
tunly indicate that the family was of importance 
in the dukedom, prior to the conquest of E^ngIand ; 
it is not of any consequence, however, for Ralph 
BAasKT required none of the artificial aids of 
ancestry to attain distinction ; he had within him- 
self powers sufficient at any period to reach the 
goal of honour, but particularly in the rude age in 
which he lived. To his wisdom we are said to be 
indebted for many salutary laws, and among others 
for that of fhmk pledge. Like all the great men of 
his day, he was a most liberal benefactor to the 
church. He d, in 1120, leaving issue, 

Thurstins, who «. to the manor of Colston. 
Thomas, ancestor of the Bassets of Hadding- 
ton, from whom diverged the Wycombe 
Bassets. 
Richard, of whom presently. This Richard 
is called the eldest son by Dugdale, and by 
others, the second. 
Nicholas, who was overthrown under the 
banner of Stephen, fighting against the Em- 
press Maud; and his son forfeited all the 
estates to Henry II. 
Gilbert, of Little Rissington. in the county of 
Gloucester, ancestor of the Bassets of that 
place. 
The third son, 

RICHARD BASSET, succeeded his fkther as 
JusTicc of England, which high office he filled 
in the latter part of King Henry I.'s reign, and 
through the whole of King Stephen's. In the Ath 
year of the latter monardi, he was sheriff of Surrey, 
Cambridge, and Huntingdonshire, with Alerlc de 
Vere; and he served the same office for Essex, 
Hertford, Buckingham, Bedlbrd, Norfolk. Suflblk, 
Ncnrthampton, and Leicestershires. His lordship 
m. Maud, only daughter and heirea of GeofArey 
Ridel, Lord of Witheringe, by Geva, daughter of 
Hugh Lupus, Earl of Chester, and had issue, 

Geoflnrey, who, flrom his mother, assumed the 

surname of ** BideL" 
Ralph, of Drayton, in the county of Staffiard 
(a lordship bestowed upon his mother by 
the Earl of Chester). 
William, of Sapcoate. 
He d, — — and was «. by his eldest son, 
GEOFFREY RIDEL. This ffradal lord married 
twice, and had issue by both wives, by the first, two 
sods: via. 

Gbopfrby, who obtained the principality of 

Blaye, in Franoei 
Richard, of whom presently. 
By the secxnd, one son, 

Hugh, from whom the present baronets 
RiDBLL derive. 



BA8 



HAS 



Geoflkey Ridd wm «b at his deeeMe by hk eldest 
MUTiTing son, who n ■turning hit patemal tur- 
■ame, aod iwting hinuelf at WeUen, in North- 
ampUaahire, became 

RICHARD BASSET* V WMm, and was «. by 
hiaion, 

RALPH BASKET, who. in the Sod of Henry III., 
paid thirty marks for the fifteen knighta* fees he 
tb«t held, upon the levy of the first scutage for the 
king. He d. sometime before the year lSft7» and 
was a. by his son, 

RALPH BASSET, who had Uvery of his lands, 
npoBi doing homage in the 49nd Henry III. He 
was «. by his son. 

RICHARD BASSET, who A in U7«, aad was s. 
by his son. 

RALPH BASSET, who d. \n UM, and was «. by 
his son. 

RICHARD BASSET, who was summoned to 
parliament, on the 6th of February, 1189, as 
«• Ri€hard» Batmt ds fFdU^" la the 34th Edward 
I., his lordship was in the expedition made against 
die Scots, in the retinue of Almare de Valence, 
Earl of Pembroke, and being subsequently engaged 
in the same serrice, he was slain at the battle 
of Strevriyn. He was «. by his son. (then in mi> 
nority, whose wardship was granted to Richard de 
Grey,) 

RALPH BASSET, second baron, who oudUng 
proof of his age. had livery of his lands in the 
15th Edward II. His kirdship «. Joane, daughter 
of John de la Pole, dtissn of London, and had 



Ralph, his successor. 

E le sn or . m. to Sir John Knyvett* Lord Chao< 

cellor of England. 
Joane, m. to Sir Thomas Ayleslmry. Knt. 
His lordship was a. at his deoesse by his son. 
RALPH BASSET, third banm. but never sum- 
moned to parliament This nobleman becoming 
a canon regular in the priory of Laund. his son 
and heir, 

RALPH BASSET, ddng his homage, had livery 
of all his fither's lands, and dylqg in the 8th of 
Richard IL. was «. by his son. 

RICHARD BASSET, jiho died «. p. in the lOth 
of Henry IV*. leaving his cousins. 



sal 

2 9 
«S 8 i 



Sir John Aylesbury 

and 

John KnyvetL 



Heirs to his ex- 
tensive estates, 
but the barony 
appears to have 
existed with the 
baron who had 
been summoned 
to parliament 
only. Wherefore, 
though, is not 
very inteiligiUe^ 

The male line of Sir John Aylesbury failed with 
son Sir Thomas, who left two daughters, oo- 

luunely, 

Isabel* wifie of Sir Thomas Chaworth, KnL 
Elaaaor, m. to Humphrey StaAnd, of Oraflon. 
Anns Of, three piles« gu. within a bordure. Sa. 



I 



BASSET — BARONS BASSET, OF 
DRAYTON. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 14th December, li64, 
48th Henry II L 

In the 4and year ot King Henry IlL 

RALPH BASSET, Lord of Drayton, in the 
county of Stallbrd, great grandson of Richard 
Basset, Justice of England, and his wife Maud 
Ridel, had summons, (amongst other great men.) 
to attend the king at Chester, well Aimished with 
horse and arms, to oppoae the incursions of the 
Welsh. But in the 4Bth of the same monarch, 
having Joined Simon Montlbrd. Earl of Leicester, 
and thr other rebelUous barons, he was appointed 
the next year, after tlae defeat of the king's anw 
at Lewes, and capture of the king, governor for 
those lords of the castles of Salop and Bruges. He 
fell, however, before the close of the same year, at 
the battle of Evesham. It Is said, that when the 
Earl of Leicester pefceived the great force and 
order of the royal army, calculating upon defeat, 
he conjured Ralph Basset and Hugh Dispenser to 
retire, and reserve themselves for better times; but 
they bravely answered, *• that if he perished, they 
would not desire to Uva" Lord Basset m. Mar- 
garet, daughter of Roger de Someri, Baron of 
Dudley, and widow of Urian SL Pierre, and had 



Ralph, his successor. 
Maud, m. to John Lord Grey de Wilton. 
Notwithstanding the death of Lord Basset, thus 
in arms against the king, his widow was so Csvoured 
by the monarch, as to have the chief of his estates 
settled upon her for lifie, but soon afterwards taking 
the veil, she passed her title in those lands to her 
son, 

RALPH BASSET, second baron, who had sum- 
mons to parliament, £3d June. U95, as '* BmUtlphtu 
Bastet de Dit^fUm," This nobleman was engaged in 
the French and Scottish wars of King Edward I. 
In the latter, as one of the retinue of Edmund, 
Earl of Lancaster, the king's brother. His lordship 
m. Joan,* daughter of John Grey. Justice of Chester, 
and had Issue. 

Rajuph, his successor. 

Margaret, m, Edmund, baron of Stafford, the 
great-grandson of which marriage, Thomab, 
Eau. op Stappobo, was one of the heirs to 
Ralph, last Lord Basset of Drayton. ' 
Maud, m, to William de Herei, the great-great- 
grand-daughter of which marriage. Alic^ 
wife of Sir William Chaworth, Knt, was one 
of the heirs to Ralph, last Lord Basset of 
Drayton, of whom at conclusion. 
His lordship d, in UHQ, and was «. by his son. 

RALPH BASSET, third Lord Battet qf Drayton, 
summoned to parliament firom 89th December, liW. 
to 25th February, 134S. This nobleman was one of 
the eminent persons made knights of the bath with 

e Dugdale. under Basset of Drayton, makes this 
huly as above, but under Grey, of Wilton, he calls 
her the daughter of RcginaU Grey, the son of 
John. 1 



BAS 



BA8 



Prince Edward, in the 34th of Edward I, and who 
attended the Idng that year into Scotland, but re- 
turning thence without leave, order* were iwued to 
the aheriA of Stafford, Nottingham, and Derby- 
ahire. to lelse his lands : he received, however, his 
pardon in the following year. His lordship was, for 
several years afterwards, in constant service in Scot- 
land. In the 15th Edward II. he was joined in com- 
mission with John de Somerl. to seise the castle of 
Kenilworth for the king, by reason ot the forfeiture 
of Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, and in the same year 
was oonstitttted steward of the Duchy of Aqquitane. 
During his government there. Lord Basset was em- 
broiled in a contest with the king of France, but 
being supported by his royal roaster, he bade defi- 
ance to the wrath of the French monarch. He did 
not remain long, however, in that government, but 
returning to England in the year but oneafterwards. 
he waa made constable of Dover Castle, and warden 
of the Cinque Ports. In the 1st and 7th of Edward 
III. he was again in the Scottish wars, and in the 
8th of the same reign, he was appointed Justice of 
North Wales. His lordship m. Joane. daughter of 
Thomas Beaachamp, Earl of Warwick, and had 
issue. 

Ralph, who m. Alice, daughter of Nicholas. 
Lord Audley. and dying before his father, 
anno 1323, left issue, 

Ralph, successor to his grandfather. 
Isabd.* m. to Sir Thomas Shirley, ances- 
tor of the present Eari. FKaitARa. 
Ralph. Lord Bassett. of Drayton, d. 85th February. 
1343. and was «. by his grandson. 

RALPH BASSET, Ath Lord Baatet qf Drayton » 
tammoned to parliament from 35th December. 
1357, to 6th December. 1389. This nobleman was 
distinguished in arms during the reigns of Edward 
III. and Richard 11., and was honoured with the 
garter, in consequence of which, his achievement is 
stUl to be seen in one of the stalls of 4he chapel at 
WindMV. His lordship m. Joane. sister of John, 
Duke of Britanny, but had no issue. He d. 10th 
May, 1300, directhig by his wiU. that his body 
should be buried at Lichfield, near the altar of St 
Nicholas, and devising his estates, according to 
aome authOTities, to Sir Hugh Shirley, his nephew, 
son of his sister Isabel (see above), upon condition 
that he should assume the surname and arms of 
Basset, In failure of which proviso, those estates 
were then to pass to his courin, Edmund, Lord Staf- 
ford. But the matter is diflferently represented by 
other authorities ; it is certain, however, that great 
disputes arose after the decease of Lord Basset, be- 
tween Humphrey, Earl of Stafford, and Sir Thomas 
Chaworth, Knt, regarding the lordship of Cotaton- 
Basset, in the county of Nottingham, but it does 
not appear that the Shirleys were engaged in it, nor 
did they take the name of Basset. Amongst other 
directions. Lord Basset orders in his will, that the 
person, whomsoever it should be, that should first 
adopt his surname and arms, should have the use of 
Us great velvet bed during his life; and to the 
same person he also bequeathed four silver basons, 

• It U doubtftU whetfaor this lady was legitimate 
ornoc 
8B 



with two ewers, whereon his arms were gimven. six 
silver dishes, two silver pots, and four chargers, 
all marked with his arms; as also a cup. with cover 
gilt, having one ring on the side thereof. His lord- 
ship constituted Walter Skydaw, Bishop of Dur> 
ham, Richard Scrope. Bishop of Cliester, and Sir 
Ridiard Scrope, Knt., his executors. The Babom v 
OP BAaasT has remained in abeyance since the de- 
cease of this nobleman, which can only be accounted 
for by the presumption, that Isabd. Lady Shirley, 
was not the legitimate daughter of his lordship's 
father, and the supposition becomes almost a . cer- 
tainty by the inquisitions taken after the baron's 
decease: according to the first, Thomas, Earl of 
Staffbrd, was found to be his cousin and next heir ; 
and by the second, the same Thomas. Earl of Staf- 
ford, and Alice, the wife of Sir John Chaworth, 
were found his cousins and next heirs, without any 
mention whatever of his next rdative, were she . 
legitimate, laaM, Ladjf Shiriey. 
Auc»— or, three plies gu. a canton erm. 

BA8SET — BARONS BASSET OF 
SAPCOATE. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 14th December, 
IflU, 49 Henry IIL 

ICiiuagc. 

This branch of the BAsasTs was founded by 

WILLIAM BASSET, one of the itinerant Jus- 
tices for Yorkshire, in the 21st Henry II., who 
settled at Sapcoate in Leicestershire, and was 
younger brother of Ralph Basset, Lord of Drayton, 
in the county of Stafford : as deputy to whom he 
executed the office of sheriiT of Warwick and Lei- 
cestershire, in the 9th of the same monarch's reign. 
In the 10th he was sheriff of L^cestershire himself : 
from the nth to half of the 16th years, inclusive, 
sheriff of both shires, and from the S3rd to the 30th, 
sheriff of Lincolnshire To this William Basset 
succeeded his son, 

SIMON BASSET, who m. in the 6th of 
Richard I., one of the daughters and co-heiresses 
of William Avenel. of Haddon, in the county of 
Derby, and was «. by his son, 

RALPH BASSET. This feudal tord held the 
sherifiUty of Lincolnshire tnm the 85th to the 89th 
of Henry III., inclusive, and in four years after 
performed a pilgrimage to St. James in Oallida. 
In the 4Snd of the same monarch he received com- 
mand to attend the king at Chester, to repd the 
incursions of the Wdsh. and he was oonstituted in 
that year governor of Northampton Castle. But 
after the battle of Lewes, being summoned to the 
parliament, which the barons held in the king's 
name (49 Henry III.), he subsequently sided with 
Simon Montford, Earl of Ldcester, and fdl with 
that ambitious noble at the battle ot Evesham on 
the 4th August, 1865. His lordship espoused Mill- 
sent, one of the daughters and co-heiresses of Robert 
de Chaucombe, and was «. by his son, 

SIMON BASSET, second baron, who had sum- 
mons in the S8nd of Edward I. to attend the king, 
wheresoever he should be, to advise touching the 
important afBurs of the realm, and waa shortly 



BAY 



BAY 



to come to PHtnuottth oo the 
let of September, well equipped wtth hotw emu, 
mad to ecoompeny the king into Geieaiiy.^ His lord- 
ehip wee «. by his soo, 

RALPH BASSET, third Beron Besset of Sep- 
coete, who hed suounons to perlisment from the 
8th Jsauery, ia71, to 8th October, 1372. HU lord- 
ehip was one of the gallant soldiers of the nuurtial 
reifB of Edward III., and shared in the Tories of 
CBJsaaT. We find him, however, subsequently ex- 
pcricndng some of the vidasitudes of a soldier's 
fintune; for being again in France in the 46th of 
Bdward IILf under the commend of the Duke of 
Tjmraster, end sustaining great l osses at Douchy 
and Rabjrmont, he was reproved by the Ung upon 
his return, which preceded that of the duket His 
lordship «k Ibst, SybU, dau^ter of Sir Giles Astley, 



AUce, who «•. Sir Robert Moton, Knt, and 
carried into thet fiunily the estates of Sap- 
ooate and Castle Bythmn, (the latter came 
to the BasseU through the ColviUes.) which 
subsequently denied upon the ISuaily of 
Pide, by themarriege of Eliariieth, daughter 
end oo-helreasof Reginald Moton, with Ralph 
Pole of Radbome, and continued in that 
Ikmily until the beginning of the last cen- 
tury, when the greater pert of them were 
aUamted by sele. 
Lord nssset, of Sepcoete, in. secondly, Alice* daugh- 
ter of John Diiby, end had another daughter, 

Elisabeth, who m. Richard, Lord Grey, of 
Codnor, of which line Henry, lest Lord 
Grey of Codnor, who d. in 1406, without 
legitimate male issue, bequeathed to his 
bastard son, Rkftorri Ore^, the manor of 
' RatdMb-upon-Trent, in the county of Not- 
tingheak— and Elisabeth, the dau^ter and 
heirass of the said Richard, marrying 
Rlcfaaid, third son of Sir Richard Sache- 
▼erd, that estate came in the course of 
descent also to the Pole fiunily, now repre- 
sented by Sacherercl Pole, Esq., of Radbome 
Hall, in the county of Derby. 
Hie lordship d. in 1^, and the Baeont or 
BAaarr ov Sapooats, Ml inro abstancb b^ 
tweenhis two deuf^teis, and so oonlinues amongst 



AajUb^-^Ar. two bars undto sa. 

NoCe->Dugdale disposesof Alice, the elder daugh- 
ter and oo-hctaess of the last Lord Basset, of Sap- 
ooate, dUhrently. He manles her to Sir Laurence 
Dutton, Knt. ) but the statement above, from 
Banks, appeers the more probaMa 

BAVBNT — BARONS BAVENT. 

By Wilt of Summons, dated 8th Jenuary J 
I31S, 6 Edward IL 

ICiiuagc. 

In theiSth of Bdward L 

ROBERT BAVENT was in the expedition made 
then Into Oaaeony, and in the 30th of the aeme 
monardi he obtained a charter for a weekly market 
at Marom, in the county of Lincoln. In Uie 6th of 
Edward IL he was summoned to pailfameot as 



BAaoN Batsnt. His lordship was «. at his decease 
by his son, 

THOMAS BAVENT, second baron, but never 
summoned to parliament, who. In the 4th of 
Edward IIL, obtained license for a weekly market 
at Eston-Bavent, In the coimty of Suflblk. His 
lordship was «. by his son, 

PETER BAVENT, third baron, but not sum- 
moned to parliament. This nobleman d. in 1370, 
leaving two daughters and co-heiresses, vis. 

/"between whom the BAaoifv or 
Eleanor,J BAvnifT fell into abbyancb, and 
Cecily, J it so continues amongst their de- 
i^scendants, if there be any. 
Ami 8.^Ar. a diief indented sa. 

BAYNINO— VISCOUNTS BAYNINO, 
OF SUDBURY. 

By Letters Patent, dated 8th Mardi, lfl87» 
3 Charles IL 

SIR PAUL BAVNING. Babt., (so crested t4th 
September, l61S,)of Bentley-Parva, in the county of 
Essex, (son of Paul Bayning, Esq., one of the sh»> 
riA of London, in the rdgn of Elisabeth, anno 
IfiOS,) was devated to the peerage on the 87th Fe- 
bruary, 1897, in the dignity of Bauow Batnino, 
^ Hoirk9d«if-BenH«if, in the eounip <^f Ernes, and 
advanced to the rank of Viacouirr Batnino, t^f 
Stidbwrp, in the eountp ^f Si^ffhlk, on the 8th of 
March, in the same year. His lordship m. Anne, 
daughter of Sir Henry Glemham, of Olemham, In 
the county of Suffolk, Knt., and had Issue-^ 
Paul, his succenor. 

Cecilia, m, Henry Viscount Newark, who suc- 
ceeded his Csther, in 1643, in the earldom of 
Kingston, and was created MARguxes of 
DoncHBSTBn in the following year, by 
whom she had twosurviving daughters i via.— 
Ajme, m. to John, Lord Ros, afterwards 
carl of Rutland, a marriage dissolved by 
parliament in 1608. 
Grace died unmarried in 1703. 
Anne, m. to Henry Murray, Esq., one ot the 
grooms of the bedchamber to King Charles L 
This lady was created ViecouNTsaa Bav- 
Hiico,ofFoxley. (See that dignity.) 
Mary. m. first, to William Viscount Orandl- 
son, and secondly, to Christopher, Earl of 
Anglesey. 
Elisabeth, m, to Francis Leonard, Lord Dacre. 
The Viscount died «« at his own house, te Mark- 
lane, within the city of London," on the a8th July, 
18S9, and was sucoseded by his son, 

PAUL BAVNING, second viscount, who m. 
Pendope, only daughter and heiress of Sir Robert 
Naunton, Knt., master of the court of ward and 
liveries, by whom he left two daughters i vis.— 
Anne, m, to Aubrey de Vere, Eerl of Oxford. 
Penelope, m. to the Hon. John Herbert, young- 
est son of Philip, fourth earl of Pembroke, 
aild first earl of Montgomery. 
His lordship dying thus without male issue, all 
his honours bxfibbd, while his estates passed to 
daughters, as co-beireBMs. 

w 



BEA 



BEA 



BEAUCHAMP— EARLS OP WAR- 

WICK. 

Cxctttion of William the Conqueror, and conveyed 
to the family of Beauchamp hy Isabel de Mauduit, 
wife of William de Beauchamp, foudal Baron of 
Elmley. 

Amongst the moat eminent Norman fkmtUet in 
the train of the Conqueror, was that of Bbauchamp, 
and amongst thoie that shared most liberally in the 
spoils of the conquest. 

HUGH DE BEAUCHAMP, the companion in 
arms of the victorious Norman, whoobtained grants 
to a very great extent from his triumphant chief, 
as he appears, at the general survey, to be possessed 
of large estates in Hertford, Buckingham, and Bed- 
fordshires, was the founder of this illustrious house 
in England. This Hugh had issue- 
Simon, who died «.|i. 

Payne, ancestor of the Beaachamps, of Bed- 
ford. 
Walter, of whom pr ese n tly. 
Milo, of Eaton, in the county of Bedford. 
AdeUne, m. to Walter Espee, Lord of Kirk- 
ham and Hdmesley, in the county of 
York. 
The third son, 

WALTER DE BEAUCHAMP, of Elmley Cas- 
tle, In the eonnty of GkNioeater, having married 
EmeUne, daughter and heiress of Urso de Abitot, 
constable of the Castle of Worcester, and hereditary 
dieriiT of Worcestershire, (who was brother of Ro- 
bert le Despenaer, steward to the conqueror,) was 
invested with that sheriHUty by King Henry L, and 
obtained a grant from the same monarch (to whom 
he was steward) of all the lands beionging to Roger 
de Worcester, with a confirmation of certain lands 
given to him by Adelise, widow of his fkther-in-law, 
the said Ursow Walter de Beauchamp was «., as 
well in his estates as in the royal stewardship, by his 



WILLIAM DE BEAUCHAMP, who, for his 
seal in the caose of the Empress Maud, was dispos- 
sessed of the Castle of Worcester by King Stephen, 
to which, and aU his other honours and estates, 
however, he was restored by King Henry II. ; and 
in that monarch's reign, besides the sherlflUty of 
Worcestershire, whidi he enjoyed by inherftanoe, 
he was' sheriff of Warwickshire (Sd Henry IL), 
sheriff of Gloucestershire (trom the 3d to the 9th 
Henry II. inclusive), and sheriff of Herefordshire 
(from the fith to the 16th Henry IL indusive). Upon 
the levy of the assessment towards the manisge 
portion of one of King Henry's daughters, this 
powerfril fondal k>rd certified his knight's foes to 
amount to fifteen. He m. Maud, daughter of 
William Lord Braoae, of Oowar, and was «., at his 
decease, by his son, 

WILLIAM DE BEAUCHAMP, who m. Joane, 
dau^ter of Sfar Thomas Walerie; and dying before 
the 13th of King iohn** reign, was «. by Us son (a 
minor, whose wardship and marriage Roger de 
Mortimer and Isabri, his wife, obtained for 3000 
marks), 

WALTER DE BEAUCHAMP. ThU foudal 
30 



lord was a ppoi n ted governor of Hanley Castle, In 
the county of Worcester, in the 17th of King John, 
and entrusted with the custody of the same shire in 
that turbulent year ; but proving fiuthkss to the 
king, and Joimng the insunectionary barons, all his 
lands were sdxed by the crown, and hinuielf e»- 
communicated, a course of proceeding which ezi- 
torted immediate submiasion to his temporal and 
spiritual lords; tm we find him soon after making 
his peace with the king, and soliciting absolution 
fhmi Oualo, the legate, which absolution he seems 
to have obtained, for, upon giving security to 
Henry IIL, who had Just then succeeded to the 
throne, he had restitution of his castle at Worcester, 
with his hereditary sherMUty. Walter de Beau- 
champ IN. Bertha, daughter of William Lord Braoee, 
by whom he had two sons, Walcherine and James. 
Of this nobleman we find frirther, that, being one 
of the ftgiwis mmnhan, he gave aeoirity to the 
king for his fUthfrU services (with the other lords- 
marchers), until peace should be ftilly settled in the 
realmi and for the better performance thereof, gave 
up James, his younger son, as a hostagOi He A in 
IS35, and was «. by his dder son, 

WALCHELINE DE BEAUCHAMP, who m. 
Joane, dau^ter of Roger, Lord Mortimer, and 
dying in the same year as his fother, was «. by an 
only son, 

WILLIAM DE BEAUCHAMP, feudal Lord of 
Elmley. This nobleman attended King Henry IIL, 
in the 87th year of his reign, into Oascoigne, and in 
two yean afterwards mardied imdcr the banner of 
Robert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester, against the 
Scots. In the 41st of the same rogn he had sum- 
mons (with other illustrious persons) to meet the 
king at Chester on the feest day of St. Peter, at 
Fineuls, wdl fitted with horse and arms to oppose 
the incursions of Lewdine, Prince of Wales. In 
conaideration of which services the king, at the 
request of the said Earl of Gloucester, respited the 
payment of certain moneys, due by him to the 
exchequer, until a further time. His lordship had 
several similar summonses in the same reign, the 
highest proof at that period of power, proweu, and 
loyalty. Lord Beaaduunp m. Isabd, dau^ter of 
William Mauduit, of Hanslape, in the county of 
Bucks, heritable chamberlain of the exchequer, and 
sister and heiress of William Maudcit, Earl or 
Warwick, (who inherited that dignity from his 
cousin, Mscgery de Newburgh, Counteu of War- 
wick, in the year 1S83,) which lady had, in /HuOr- 
marHage, tU her father's lands at Ledecumbe, with 
a proviso, that shouU those lands not amount to 
£90k a year, that sum should be made up els^ 
whera His lordship made his will in 1968, the 
year in which he died, and bequeathed ** to Walter, 
his Ion, signed with the cross, for a pilgrimage to 
the Holy Land, on the behalf of the tesutor (his 
fother), and Isabel, his mother, two hundred marks. 
To Joane, his daughter, (who m. Bartholomew de 
Sudley,) a canopy sometime bdongiug to SL Wol- 
Stan, and abook of Lancelot, which he (tbetestator) 
lent them. To Isabel, his daui^ter, a silver cup. 
To SibiU, his daughter, towards ber marriage, all 
the money due to him from his son William ; and 
forty macka more* with thelaad wlfich pa boughr 



BfiA 



B£A 



in firitlamton; to cnjof ttntil tke UmniU be mar- 
ried, and no longa*. To San^, Ua daughtar. (who 
m. Richard Talbot,) a hundred marka for her mar- 
riage portion. To William* his ddert sod, the cup 
and homes of SL Hugh ; and to the oounteaa, his 
wife, a ring, with a robf in it. To Sir Roger de Mor- 
timer.aring; toSir BarthokMneirdaSadky,aring. 
To the friera-minon of Wocceatcr, Ibrty shillings. 
To the fHera-minors of Gloncester, one mark. To 
the hoepital of St. Wolatan, at Woroetter, one 
mark. To the hoapital of St. Oswald there, ten 
shillings, &C., &C. To the church of Salewark, a 
house and garden near the parsonage, to find a lamp 
oontinually burning therein, to the honor of God, 
the blessed Virgin, St. Katherine, and St. Mar- 
garet." Besidea tlie daughters msntioned above, 
l<ord Beaochamp left four sons, via. 
William, of whom presently. 
John, of Holt, in the county of Woroester. 
Walter, of Powyke and Alceater. 
Thomas, died «. p. 
The eldest son, 

WILLIAM DE BEAUCHAMP, inherited not 
only the feudal barony of Elmley from his father, 
but had previously derived from his mother the 
■ARLDOM ow Warwick, (originally possessed by 
the Newburgfas,) and the barony of Hanslape 
(which had belonged to the Mauduits). This emi- 
nent nobleman was a distinguished captain in the 
Welsh and Scottish wars of King Edward L '< In 
the iSrd year of which reign, being in Wales with 
the king,** aa Du^lala relates, *• he performed a 
notable exploit; namely, hearing that a great body 
of the Welah were got U^^ether in a pbdn, betwixt 
two woods, and to secure themsdves, had fastened 
their pikes to the ground, slopping towards their 
assaihrnts, he marched thither with a choice com- 
pany of croaa-bow-men and archers, and in the 
night time encompassing them about, put betwixt 
every two hoxaemen, one cross-bow-man, which 
cross-bow-man, killing many of them that held the 
pikes, the horse charged in suddenly, and made a 
'^^'7 great alau^ter. Thb was done near Mont' 
gomery." His lordship m. Maud, widow of Girard 
de Fnniival, and one of the four daughters and co- 
h eirc s aes of Richard Fits-John, son of John Fita- 
Gefl^, chief justioe of Ireland, by whom ha had 
surviving ianie— 

Ginr, his successor. 

Isabel, nu to Peter Chaworth. 

Maud, m. to Rithcow 

Margaret, m. to John Sudley. 

/'nuns at Shouldhain, in the county 

Anne, J of Norfolk, a monastery founded by 

Amy^ J his lordship's maternal great grand- 

i^&ther. 

William de Beauchamp, first Earl of Warwick of 

that fiunily, d. in 1296, and was «. by his eldest 



GUV DE BEAUCHAMP, secondaer/, so called in 
memory of his celebrated predecessor, the Saxon, 
Gmr, Earl OF Warwick. This. nobleman acquired 
hs^ military renown in the martial reign of Ed- 
ward L, distinguishing himself at the battle of Fal- 
kirk, for irhich he was rewarded with extensive granu 
of lands in Scotland, at the fi«^ of Caerlaveiock, 



upbndiftwptoccasioaa beside hayond the aa^ 
In the reign of Edward IL he likewise played a very 
prominent pert. In 1310 his lordship was in the 
fnmmiwioii appointed by parliament to draw up 
reguJattaos for " the well governing of the king- 
dom and of the king's houadiold,'* in oonsequence of 
the oomipt influence exercised at that period by 
Plera GeeeifoM, in the aJIkirs of the rsahn, through 
the unbounded partiality of the kingt and in two 
yean afterwards, when that unhappy favorite MI 
into the hands of his enemies upon the surrender of 
Searbocough Caatle, his lordship violently sdaad 
upon Ma person, and after a summary trial, caused 
him to be beheaded at Blacklow Hill, near Warwick. 
The earl's hostJlity to Gaveston is said to have bea 
much increased by learning that the favorite had 
nicknamed hire ** ih4 Bladt Doff qf Jrde$Mo.** For 
this unwarrantable proeeeding his lordship, and all 
others concerned therein, received within two yean 
the royal pardon, but ha ia supposed to have 
evoitually perished by poison, ndrnJiristerad in re- 
venge by the partiaans of Gaveston. The earl m» 
Alice, rdict of Thomas de Layboume, daughter of 
Ralph de Toni, of Flamsted, in the county of 
Herts, and sbter and heiress of Robert de Toni, by 
whom he had issu^^ 

THOMAa, his successor, whose sponsors were, 
Thomas Plantagenet, Earl of Lancaster, 
and Henry his brother, and Thomas de 
Warrington, prior of Kenilworth. 
John, a very eminent person in the reign of 
Edward IIL, bring captain of Calais, ad- 
miral of the fleet, axAiroARn rbarsr at 
CRBaav, and one of the original knights of 
the GartCT. He was summoned to parlia- 
ment as a BAROH , but dying «. p. the dignity 
expired. . 
Maud, m. to GeoflVey, Lord Say. 
Emma, m. to Rowland Odingsds. 
Isabel, f». to John Clinton. 
Elisabeth, m. to Sir Thomas Astley, Knt. 
Lucia, m. to Robert de Napton. 
This great Earl of Warwick, was like most of the 
nobles of his time,, a munificent benefsctor to the 
church, having bestowed Isnds upon several reli- 
gious houses, and founded a chantry of priests at 
his manor of Elmley. His will bean date, '* at 
Warwick Castls, on Afunday next after the 
feast of St. James the Apostle, An. 1315," and by it 
he bequeaths to Alice his wife, a propcvtion of hia 
plate, with a crystal cup, and half his bedding { aa 
also, all the vestments' and books belonging to hia 
chappel ; the' other moiety of his beds, rings, and 
jewels, he gives to his daughters. To his son 
Thomas, his hmt coat of mail, hdmet, and suit of 
harness; to his son John, his second coat of mail, 
Ac, appointing that all the rest of his armour, 
bows, and other warlike provtMom*, should remain 
In Warwick Castle for his heir. His lordship, im- 
mediately before his death, obtained a grant from 
the king, that his executon should have the custody 
of his linds during the minority of his heir, so* 
counting for the receipts to the exchequer at 
Michaelmas and Easter every year, provided that 
his castles of Elmley and Warwick, should not be 
disposed of, without a special license fkora the 

at 



B£A 



B£A 



crown. But notwithftandtaig this grant, and a ocm- 
flnnation thereof, after the earl't death to John 
Hamelyn, and the other executoxv, the king aoon 
afterward* paned the custody of those caatles "kad 
lands, by new letters patent, to Hugh le Despencer, 
the elder, in satisfaction of a deht of £6,770* asserted 
to be due to Despencer by the crown. Alice, widow 
of the earl, had very extensive estates assigned her 
in dowry, in the November following the death of 
her husband, and in the next year she paid a fine of 
five hundred marics, for Ucence to marry William 
La Zouche, of Aahby, in the county of Leicester, 
to whom she was accordingly wedded. The earl d. 
at Warwick Castle, on the 12th of August, 1315, and 
was «. by his ekiest son, then but two yean of 

THOMAS DE BEAUCHAMP, third earl, regard- 
ing whom we find the king (Edward IL) in two years 
subsequently soliciting a dispensation trora the pope, 
to enable him to marry his cousin Catherine, daughter 
of Roger de Mortimer, Lord of Wigmore, under 
whose guardianship the young earl had been placed { 
an alliance eventually formed, when his lordship had 
completed his fifteenth year. In two years after- 
wards, the earl by special licence firom the crown, 
was allowed to do homage, and to assume his here- 
ditary offices of Sherifi' of Worcestershire, and 
Chamberlain of the Exchequer. This nobleman 
sustained in the brilliant reign of Edward III., the 
high military renown of his illustrious progenitor, 
and became distinguished in arms almost fh>m his 
boyhood. So early as the third year of that mo- 
narch, he commanded the left wing of the king's 
army at Wyaonfosse, where Edward proposed to 
give the French battle, and ftom that period was 
the constant companion of the king, and his gallant 
son, in all their splendid campaigns. At Cressy, 
he had a principal command in the van ot the 
English army, iwder the Prince of Wales, and at 
Poictiers, where Dugdale says he fought so long 
and so stoutly, that his hand was galled with the 
exercise of his sword and pole-axe : he personally 
took William de Melleun, Archbishop of Sens, 
prisoner, for whose ransom he obtained dght thou- 
sand marks. Alter these heroic adiievemcnts in 
France, the earl arrayed himself under the banner 
of the crocs, and reaped firesh laurels on the plains 
of Palestine, whence upon his return he brought 
home the son of the King of Lithuania, whom he 
had christened at London by the name of Thomas, 
answering for the new convert himself at the baptis- 
mal font; for his lordship was not more distin- 
guished by his valour than his piety, as his num»> 
rous and liberal donations to the church while 
living, and bequests at his decease, testily. This 
nobleman rebuilt the walls of Warwick Castle, 
which had been demolished in the time of the 
Manduits; adding strong gates, with Ibrtifled gate- 
ways, and embattled towers; he likewise founded 
the choir of the collegiate church of St Mary, 
built a booth hall in the market place, and made 
the town of Warwick toU tree. His lordship had 
issue, by the countess already mentioned, six 
sons, and nin« daughters : vis. 

Guy, called by Dugdale, a <« stout souktier," 
m. Philippa, daughter of Henry, Lord Fer- 

31 






at Shouldham, 
Norfolk. 



In 



rars, of Groby, and dying before his Ikther, 

left three daughters: vis. 

Katherine, 

Elisabeth, 

Margaret, 

Thomas, inheritor of the honors. 

Reynbume, who left an only daughter, Alia^ 

nore, wife of John Knight of Hanslape, in 

the county of Bucks, by whom she left a 

daughter, Emma, whom. Forster, from 

whom the Forsters of Hanslape derived. 
John, "^ 

^ogfr* |-*U d, unm. 
Hierom, 3 

Maud,* m. to Roger de Cliflbrd. 
Philippa, m. to Hi^h, Earl of Staflbtd. 
Alice, m. to John, Lord Beaudiamp, of Haoche, 

in the county of Somerset. 
Joane, m. to Ralph, Lord Basset, of Drayton. 
Isabel, m. first, to John, Lord Strange, of Black- 
mere, and secondly, to William Ulford, Earl 
Suflblk. 
Margaret, m. to Guy de Montibrd, after whose 

decease, she took the vril at Shouldham. 
Agnes, m. first, — Cokesay, and afterwards 

BardolU 

Juliana, d. unm. 

Catharine took the veil at WroxhaQ, in War- 
wickshire. 
The earl was one of the original knights of the Gar- 
ter. His lordship d* on the 13th November, 1369, of 
the plague at Calais, where he was then employed in ■ 
his military capacity, and had Just achieved a vic- 
tory over the French; he was «. by his eldest son, 

Thomas, fourth Earl, K.G. who was appointed 
by parliament, governor of the young king, Richard 
IL in the third year of that monarch's reign, but did 
not long enJoy the office, for we find him in arms 
with Thomas, Duke of Gloucester, (the king's 
uncle,) long before the miOo'i^ of Richard, con- 
straining the assembling of parliament, for which 
proceeding, however, in several years afterwards, he 
was seised at a f<east given to him by the king—tried 
and condemned to death— a sentence commuted by 
the king, at the instance of the Eari of Salisbury, to 
banishment to the Isle of Man, while his castle and 
manors of Warwick, with his other estates, were 
granted to Thomas Holland, Earl of Kent, to whom 
the custody of his son and hdr, Richard Beau- 
champ, was also confided. From the Isle of Man, 
the Earl was brought back to the Tower of London, 
and imprisoned there during the remainder of King , 
Riduud's reign ; but upon the accession of Henry 
IV. he was released, and re-instated in all his honors 
and pos se s s ions. His lordship m. Margaret, daugh- 
ter of William, Lord Ferrars, of Groby, and had 
issue, 

* Those lakes' portraitures are curiously drawn, 
and placed in the windows on the south side of the 
quire of the collegiate church at Warwick, in the 
habit of their time. Seven of them were married, 
and have their paternal armes upon their inner gar- 
ments ; and on their outer mantle, their husbandi^ 
armes ; the picture of Isabd, who married twice, is 
twice drawn.— DM^/e^s BoroiMgv. 






)^ 



t 



B£A 

RicSAftD, Ida auccenor, Ibr whom King 
Riduurd IL and Rldiard Scrope* then 
Biahop of Coventry and LidhAeld, (aftor- 
Arcfabiaht^ of York.) atood apon- 



Katfacrtne, d. yovmg. 
Inima. 



The Earl d. fai I40I and waa «. by hia aon, 

RICHARD DB BEAUCHAMP, fifth earl. &.S8th 
January. 1381. Thia nobleman waa mada a knight of 
Che Bath at the coronation of King Henry IV.. and 
at the oorooation of the Queen in the following year, 
atfainfid high reputation for the gallantry he had 
di^lsyedintheliata. Inthe Mh year of theaame 
monardi. he waa pi o-eBainently di a t i n g wi a h w l againat 
Owen Glandower. wboae banner he captured, and put 
the rebel hlmaglf to flight i and about theaame time, 
he won freah lanreb in the memorable battle of 
Shrewabury, agaioat the Perdea, after which, he waa 
made a Itnight of the moat noble order of the Garter. 
Of hia loidahip'a pilgrimage to the Holy Land. Dug- 
dale givea the ftdlowing aooottnt>--<* In the 9th of 
Henry IV.. obtaining licence to viait the Holy Land, 
he fitted himadf with all neceaaariea for that journey. 
aed the aea : in which voyage, viaiting hia 
I. the D0KB or Babb. he waa nobly received 
and entertained by him for eight daya. who thence 
itowM i n ii aH ied him to Paria; where being arrived, 
the King of France then wearing the crown, in re- 
verence of that holy feaat, made him to alt at hia 
table, and at hia departure, lent an herald to oon« 
duct him aafely through that realm. Out of which, 
entering Lumbardy. he waa met by another herald 
tram Sir Pandulph Malaoet. with a diallenge to 
perfonn certain ftaMa oi arma with him at Verona, 
upon a day aialgned. for the order of the Garter ; 
and in the p r cacn ceof Sir Galiotof Mantua ; where- 
nnto he gave hia aaaent. And aa aoon aa he had per- 
formed hia pilgrimage at Rome, returned to Verona, 
where he and hia challenger were firat to Juat, next 
to fight with axca. afterwarda with arming aworda. 
and lastly with aharp d^^gen. At the day and 
place aaaigned for whidi exerdaea. came great reaort 
of people. Sir Pandulph entning the liata with nine 
speara borne before him: but the act of apeara 
being ended, they fell to it with axea ; in which en- 
counter Sir Pandulph received a aore wound on the 
aboulder. and had been utterly atain. but that Sir 
Galiot cried peace." 

" When he came to Jenualem, he had much re- 
apect ahewed him by the patriardi'a deputy, and hav- 
ing performed hia oflbringa at the aepulchre of our 
Saviour, he aet up hia arma on the north aide of the 
templ& While at Jenualem. a noble peraon, caUed 
Baltredam. (the Soldan'a lieutenant.) hearing that 
he waa deicended from the Camoua Sir Guy, of War- 
wick, whoaeatory they had in booka of thdr own lan- 
guage, invited him to hia palace, and royally feaating 
him. « pia ee u ted him with three precioua atonea of 
great value,* beaidea dl^era cloatha of ailk and gold 
given to hia aervanta. Where thia Baltredam told 
hfan privately, that he feithftilly believed aa he did. 
though he durat not diacover himaelf ; and rehearaed 
the articlea of the creed. But on the morrow he 



B£A 

Sir Baltredam'a aervanu, and gave (ham 
acarlet. with other Engliah doath, which being 
ahewed toSlr Baltredam. he returned again to him. 
and aaid, he would wear hia livery, and be manhal 
of hia halL Whereupon he gave Sir Baltredam a 
gown of timA peak, ftirred ; and had much dl»- 
oourae with him, for he waa akilful In aundry la»> 
guagaa.** At the coronation of King Henry V.. in 
whoaeaervioe. when Prmce of Walea, hia lordahip 
had been engaged, the earl waa conatltuted Hien 
Stbwabd of Eholaho for that aolemnlty. and in 
the next year, we find him actively engaged for the 
khig againat the LoUarda. In the 3rd of Henry V. 
he waa at Calala. and there hia chivalric diapoaitlon 
led him into a rencounter with three Prandi knigfata. 
the reault of which Dugdale thua rdatea !-^* which 
lettera (cfaaUengea aent by the earl under fictitloua 
namea) were aent to the king*a court at France, 
where three French knighta received them, and pro- 
miaed their fellowa to meet at aday and place u- 
aigned : whereof the firat waa a knight called Sir 
Gerard Herbaumea. who called himaelf La Chevalier 
Rovge; the aecond. a famoua knight, named Sir 
Hugh Launey, calling himaelf Le Cheealier Blane; 
and the third a knight named Sir CoUard FInca. 
Twelfday, In Chriatmaa, being appointed for the 
time that they ahould meet, in a tend called the 
Pttrkhedlge «if Gifnee, On which day the Earl came 
into the field with hia face covered, a plume of 
oatridi feathera upon hia helm, and hia horae 
trapped with the Lord of Toney'a arma (one of hia 
anceatora), via. argent a numeh guU»: where, firat 
encountering with the Chevalier Rouge, 9X the third 
oourae he unhoraed him, and ao returned with 
ckMed viior, unknown to hia pavilion, whence he 
aent to that knight a good courier. The next day 
he came Into the field with hia vixor doaed, a chap- 
let on hia helm, and a plume of oatrich feathera 
aloft, hia hone trapped with the arma of Hantiap, 
via. tUver two bare guleet where he met with the 
Blanc knight, with whom he encountered, amote off 
hia viaor thrice, broke hia beiagun and other har- 
neya. and returned victorioualy to hia pevilion, with 
all hia own habilimenta aafe, and aa yet not known 
to any s from whence he aent the Blanc knight a 
good courier. But the morrow after, via. the laat 
day of the Juata. he came with hia face open, and hia 
helmet aa the day befc»e, aave that the chaplet waa 
rich with pearb and predoua atonea; and in hia 
coat of arma, of Guy and Beaue^amp quarterly i 
having the arma of Tofiay and Hanebtp on hia trap- 
perat and lald, * That ae he had, in hi* own pereon, 
perj\frmed Ote eervice the two doffe b^ore, eo tcith 
Qoite grace he would the third,* Whereupon, en- 
countering with Sir Collard Flnea, at every atroke 
he bore him backward to hia horae i Inaomuch, al 
the Frenchman laying, « that he himaelf waa bound 
to hia laddlet* he alighted and preiently got up 
again, but all being ended, he returned to hia pavl- 
lion, lent to Sir C(4]ard Finea a fdr oourMr, feaatod 
all the people, gave to thoae three knighta great re- 
warda, and ao rode to Calaia with great honor.'* 
About thia time the Earl attended the depuU 
tion of blahopa and other learned peraona, tram 
England to the Council ov Cowstawcb, and dur^ 
ing hia atay there alew a great duke in justing. 
F 33 



BEA 



B£A 



In Cbe Bcxt jmr, he wa» with King Henry at the 
Kiegt of Caen. axMl upon the sunrender of that place 
was appointed governor of ita casUe. His lordship 
ooDtittued actively engaged in military and diplo- 
matic services, during the remainder of the reign 
of King Henry Y., by whose will he was appointed 
governor toliis infant son and successor, Henry VI., 
w^\ich charge having fulfilled with great wisdom 
and fidelity, his lordship was appointed, upon the 
death of John Plantagenet, Duke of Bedford, Re- 
gent of France, Libutcnant Oknbkal of the 
whole RBALM or Francs, and Duchy or Noa- 
MAMDT. The earl, who had been created Earl or 
ALBJtMARi.B, for life, in I4I7, died in the castle 
of Roan, in his French government, on the 30th of 
April, 143&— having by his wiU, ordered his body 
to be brought over to England, where it was after- 
wards deposited, under a stately monument.* ap- 
pointed by the decoaeed lord, to be erected in the 
collegiate church of St. Mary, at Warwick. His 
loidship m. first, Elisabeth, daughter and heiress 
of Thomas, Lord Berkeley, Viscount Lisle, by whom 
he had three daughters, vis. 

M argaiat, m. to John Talbot, Earl of Shrews- 
bury, (his lordship's second wife, by whom 
he had one son, Johtf Talbot, Lord Viscount 
Lisle, of whom the Dudleys, Earb of War- 
wick, derived.) 
Alienor, m. first, to Thomas, Lord Roos, from 
whom the Dukes of Rutland derive; and 
secondly, to Edmund, Duke of Somerset. 
Elisabeth, m. to George Nevil, Lord Latimer. 
The Earl m, secondly, Isabel, daughter, and even- 
tually heiress of Thomas le Despencer, Earl of 
Gloucester, and widow of his uncle, Richard Beau- 
champ, Earl of Worcester, (for which marriage 
he obtained a papal dispensation,) and had a son and 
daughter— namely, 

Hbjtry, his successor, whose sponsors were 
Cardinal Beaufort, Humphrey, Earl of 
Staflbrd, and Joane, Lady Bergavenny. 
Anne, who m. Sir Richard Nevil, son and heir 
of Richard, Earl of Salisbury, and grandson 
of Ralph Nevil, first Earl of Westmore- 
land. 
The Earl of Warwick was «. by his son. 



a When his executors, pursuant to his will, 
erected this most magnificent tomb, (which yet 
remains in uncommon splendour,) inferior to none 
in England^ unless that of Henry VII. in Westmin- 
ster Abbey, they covenanted with John Borde, of 
Corfe, marUer, to make the same of fine and well- 
eoloured marble, four feet and a half high, from 
the base, the base six inches thick, and eighteen 
broad; the uppermost stone of the base, nine feet 
long, four broad, and seven inches thick; and to 
have fSor the marble, carriage to Warwick, and 
work, £4A» For marble to pave the chapd, work- 
BBanship, and carriage of every, hundred of these 
•tones, £2, in aU £4b 13*. 4ri. The charges of the 
diapet and tomb came to £948L 4*. 7yL, a vast 
■nm, when the price of an ox was thirteen shillings 
and fburpence» and a quarter of bread onm, three 
shillings and ibttrpe » oe . ~Hi«fcft<w#'* Dontt. 
34 



HENRY DE BEAUCHAMP, sixth earl, K.O. 
This nobleman, having, before he had completed his 
nineteenth year, tendered his services for the defence 
of the Duchy of Aquitaine, was created by charter, 
dated Snd April, 1444, Prbmibr Eari. or Eno- 
LAND, and his lordship obtained, at the same time, 
permission for himself and his heirs male, to wear 
a golden coronet about his head, in the presence of 
the king and elsewhere. In three days after he was 
advanced to the dignity of Dukb or Warwick, 
with precedence immediately after the Duke of 
Norfolk, and before the Duke of Buckingham: 
which extraordinary noark of royal favour, so dis- 
pleased the Utter nobleman, that an act of parlia- 
ment was subsequently passed to appease his Jea- 
lousy, declaring that from the ind of December* 
then next ensuing, the two dukes should take place 
of each other, altematriy year about, but with 
precedency of the first year to the Duke of War- 
wick. After which, his Grace of Warwick, had a 
grant in reversion upon the death of the Duke of 
Gloucester, of the Isles of Guernsey, Jersey, Serke, 
Erme, and Aldemey, for the annual rent of a rose ; 
also the hundred and manor of Bristol, for £60. a 
year, with all the royal castles and manors in the 
Forest of Dene, for £100. per annum, and he was 
crowned by Henry himself. King of the Isle of 
Wight. His grace m. in the life-time of his father, 
when but ten years old, and then called Lord De»- 
penoer, Cicily, daughter of Richard Nevil, Earl 
of Salisbury, whose portion was four thousand 
seven hundred marka— by whom he left an only 
daughter, 

Annb. 
His grace (i. in the 28nd year of his age, on the 
11th June, 1446, when the dukedom (and the male 
line of this branch of the Beauchamps) ex- 
pired, but his other honours devolved upon his 
daughter, 

ANNE DE BEAUCHAMP. Omntauef Warwick, 
then but two years old, who was committed to the 
guardianship first of Queen Margaret, and afterwards 
of William de la Pole, Duke of Suflblk. Her lady- 
ship dying however in a few years afterwards, on 
the 3rd of Janiury, 1449, the honours of the illus- 
trious house of Beauduunp reverted to the young 
countess's aunt. 

ANNE, wife of Richard Nevil, Earl of Salisbury, 
who then became Countess of Warwick, and her 
husband was subsequently created Earl of Warwick. 
—(See Nevil, Earl of Salisbury and Warwick), the 
odebrated Kibo-Makbr. 

Arms. — Gules, a fease between six cross croaslets, 
or. 

BEAUCHAMP -- BARONS ST. 

AMAND. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 85th March, 1313, 
6 Edward IL 

ICincage. 

WALTER DE BEAUCHAMP, younger son d 
John, Lord Beauchamp, of Powyke, a military 
person of celebrity in the reigns of Henry IV. and 
Henry V^ fii. Elisabeth, daughter and oo-hciresa 
of Sir John Roche, Knt, wA had iasoe, 



"•"^I ., -»• - 



rt 



\ 



B£A 

WvkLiAu, of wlioBi pnMBtly. 

Biahop of SaUsbury. suppoied to 
the fint rhmi^ftUw of tb* order 
of the Garter, ^<ktJjlIU^ 

Elittbech, «. to Si^ Ricfaaid Dudjcgr, end had 
a warn and daughter, tbe latter of whon, 
/mbm JMdKiir, becane htinm to the fbniiar» 
and matned Sir John Baynton, KnC, frons 
which nuRJaga throng a long line of 
diatingutihed aneeston detoended Edwerd 
Baynton Rolt, Eaqp« of Spy Park, in the 
county of Wilts, who was created a baiooet 
in 17Be> an honoiu mow juctimct. 
Thedderaott, 

WILLIAM DE BEAUCHAMP. m. EUaabeth, 
ddot daughter and oo-heireH of Gerard de Bny- 
hrooke. (graadaaot and eventually heir of Almaiic 
St Anand, third and laat Baron St. Amend of that 
ftmily,) and wae auinmoBed to parliaoMnt in right 
of hb wUci, •• m WiiUam de Beauchamp. Baroo of 
Sl Anand." fkom the 2nd January, 1410, (the 
huony had beoa forty-eix yean prerioualy in abey- 
ance^) to the {Kth May, l<l60b His lordahip was 
•ooa afterwards, being then sewer to the king, 
oomtituted chamberlain of North Walea. Hed. in 
1457, and was «. by his only son, 

RICHARD D£ BEAUCHAMP, aeoood Baron St 
Amand, of the liunily of Beauchamp, attainted 
ia the lat of Richard III., but AiUy reatorad upon 
the aoceaaion o€ Henry VII. This nobleman waa 
in the expedition made in the 8th of Henry VII., 
in aid of Maximilian the Emperor againat the 
French. He died in UMJS, and by hia teaCament 
dated on the l^th June, in that year, he deairea to 
be incerred in the Black Frien' Churdi, near Lud- 
gate, within the City of London, and for lack of 
iaaue by Dame Anne hia wife, aettlea divena lord- 
ihtpa in the counUea of WilU, Bedford, Berka, 
Huati^gdan, and Hereford, upon hia natural aon by 
Mary Wroughton, Anthony St Amend, and the 
heirs of hia body. The Babowy at the deceaae 
of this Bcrtdemno, Nioolaa, in hia aynopaia, pre- 
sumes became veated in the deaoendanta and repre- 
aentativea of lenbella, aiater of Almaxic St Amend, 
aaeoad Baron St. Amend of that fiunily, (Maud and 
Aliaoore, the sisters of Elizabeth Braybrooke, who 
brought the barony into the family of Beauchamp, 
the otlier co-beireaaea of Gerard de Braybrooke 
baving died leaueleaa,) which laabella married drat, 
Richard Handlo, and secondly, Robert de Ildesle ; 
but Mr. Nkolaa obaenres ftirther in a note, ** that 
although no other issue is assigned to William 
Bcaudsamp, ftmrth Lord St Amend, (or ftrtt of 
that fiunily,) in either of the numerous pedigrees 
he had consulted, than his son Richard the last 
Baron, it Is to be remarked, that in the will of the 
aaid Richard, Lord St Amend, he bequeathes a 
cup to his ni0e0 henMnti/e, This expreasioB was 
probrtly used to describe his vriffa tAvce ; but it 
must be obscrred, that if be had a sister of the 
whole Uood who left iasue, the berony became 
veated in her and her deaoendanta,** upon the 
death of the but knd. 

ABNe— Oulea, a feaae between aiz martlets, or. 
witlda a hofdure, ar. 



BEA 

BBAUCHAMP — BARON BEAU* 
CHAMP, OF BLET8UO. 

By Wilt of Summona, dated lat June, \M^ 
37 Edward IIL 

"Xincsgc. 

ROGER DE BEAUCHAMP. one of the 
neat warrkm of the reign of Edward IIL, 
grandaon of Waller de Beauchamp, ef h Irealer, 
a om m on fd to p a rli e m ent, ea Babon Bbauchahi», 
or Blbtbho, fkom the lat of June, UO, to the 
90th October, ISTB. In the 90th of Edward IIL, we 
firat find thia gallant person aenring in France^ and 
the next year the king confirming unto him and his 
wiA, Sibel, the manor of Lydeard-Tvagoa, in the 
county of Wilta, granted to them by Peter de Gran- 
diaon; which Sibel waa eUeat of the four aiaten and 
oo-heira of Sir WUUam de Patshul, Kat, end 
grand-daughter, matenially, of Mabel, eUeat ^ the 
four aistera and co-heirs of Otto de Oraadlson. In 
the 98th of Edward III.. RoRor de Beaumont was 
captain of Calais ; in the 33d of the same monarch 
he attended the king in his expedition into Gaa- 
ooigne, and in the next year he obteined, in right of 
his wife, the manw of Blbtm aano, or Bi.btbho, 
in the county of Bedford, which he made the chief 
place of his residence. In the 46lh of Edward HI., 
being still captain of Calais, his lordship had licence 
to transport his household goods and other neces- 
saries thither without the payment of any custom 
upon the same, and iil the next year he had a special 
oommiasiop to take care that the peace then made 
between King Edward and the Earl of rianders 
should be preserved within the mardies of Calais. 
In the 6th of Edward, bebig then Chambbb- 
]«AiM OF THB Houbbbold, Lord Beauchamp 
had a penakm for life of 100 marks per annum. In 
consideration of his eminent aerrices, out of the 
farm of the caatle and town of Deytses, in WUt> 
shir& His knrdship d. in 1379, and by hU testament, 
which bears date two years previously, at London, 
19th June, he bequeathes his body to be burled in 
the diurdi of the ftiers' preadiers (commonly called 
the Black Friers) within the dty of London, near 
to the grave of Sibel his wife t and wills that, at his 
ftineral, there should be ploesbo and Origt with 
note ; as also, on the morrow after, two masses, one 
Xiiwtr Jjady, and another of requiem / and In regard 
that he was obliged to do service egainst the Infidels 
in the Holy Land, by the appointment of Walter de 
Beauchamp, his grandlkther, to the expense <H 900 
marks, he desires that Roger, his son, whenAe 
arrive at maturity, shall assume the cross, and 
perform that duty. His lordship war succeeded by 
hia son, 

ROGER DE BEAUCHAMP, as second BA- 
RON BEAUCHAMP, of Bletsho; but this noble- 
man was never summoned to parliament His 
lordship proving his age in the 7th of Ridi. IL, 
had livery of all his lands. In the 18th of the 
' seme reign, we find this nobleman aUendiag the 
king into Ireland; but of his lordship nothing 
more is known than that he was suc ceed e d by his 
son, 

JOHN DE BEAUCHAMP, third baron, but 
never f ununoned to parliament This nobleman 

as 



BEA 



BEA 



doing homage in the 8th of Henry IV., had livery 
of his lands ; but he died In six yeaxs afterwards, 
and was «. by his son, 

JOHN DE BEAUCHAHP, fourth baron, then 
only two yean old, at whose decease the title 
and estates passed to his only sister and heiress, 

MARGARET DE BEAUCHAMP, who m. first. 
Sir Oliver St. John, Knt, and conveyed the Ba- 
BOXY OF Bbauchamp, OF B1.ST8H0, into that 
fiunily} ftom which it was carried, by Anne St 
John, of Bletsho-'<see Burk^t Peerage and Ba- 
ronetage, artide St. John)— into the fkmily of 
William Lord Howard, son and heir of Charles, 
first Earl of Nottingham, whose daughter and 
hdreis, Elisabeth, m. John Mordaunt, fifth Earl 
of Peterborough, and the barony of Beauchamp, of 
Bletsho, with that of Mordaunt, is now vested in 
his Grace the Duke of Gordon. Margaret de Beau- 
champ m. secondly, John Beaufort, Earl of Somer- 
set, and by him was mother of Maigaret Countess 
of Richmond, whose son ascended the British 
throne, as King Henry VIL 

BEAUCHAMP — BARONS BEAU- 
CHAMP, OF HACHE, IN 
THE COUNTY OF SOMER- 
SET. 

By Writ, S9th December, Ii90, 88 Edward I. 

The first of this Somenetshire ftmily, of whom 
mention is made by Dugdale, is 

ROBERT DE BEAUCHAMP, who, in the 3d 
of Henry II., accounted the king six pounds for a 
mark-of gold, and, in the 9th of the same monarch, 
was sheriff of the coimties of Somerset and Dorset. 
In three years afterwards, this Robert, upon the 
assessment of the aid for marrying the king's daugh- 
ter, then levied, certified his knight's fees, de ve- 
teri/eqffiimento, to amount in number to seventeen, 
for whidi, in the 14th of Henry II., he paid leven 
pounds one shilling and eight-penoe, that is, el^t 
shillings and four-pence for each knight's fob In 
the 22d of the same Henry, he again enjoyed the 
sheriflUty tot the same counties, and continued in 
ofiioe for five years, and one half of the sixth year 
following. This feudal lord d, in 1288, leaving in 
minority, and in ward to Hubert de Burgh, his son 
and heir, 

ROBERT DE BEAUCHAMP, who d. before 
18ftl, and was «. by his son, 

ROBERT DE BEAUCHAMP. Of this feudal 
baron nothing is known beyond his being engaged 
against the Welsh with Henry III., and his found- 
ing the priory of Frithdstoke, in the county of 
Devon. He was «. by his son, 

JOHN DE BEAUCHAMP, who. In the ffth of 
Ed. I., was made governor of the castles of Kaermcr- 
din and Cardigan. He m. Cicely, daughter and 
heiress of Maud de Kyme, daughter of William 
Ferrers, Earl of Derby, by her second husband, 
WiUiam de Vivonia, which William was son of 
Hugh de Vivonia, by Mabel, one of the co-heirs of 
William Mallet, a greftt baron, whorf. temp. Hen. III. 
This John de Beauchamp was «. by his sod, 
36 



JOHN DE BEAUCHAMP, who was summoned 
to parliament as a baron, by the style of " lo de 
Bello Campo de Somerset," on the a9th December, 
1229, 88th of Edward I., and in the 34th of the same 
reign was one of the distinguished penons who te- 
ceived the honour of knighthood with Prince Ed- 
ward, the king's eldest son, being in the expedition 
made into Scotland in that year. In the 8th of 
Edward II. his lordship was again in the Scottish 
wars I and in the 14th -of the lame king he suc- 
ceeded to the very extensive landed possessions of 
his mother, comprising the manor of Sturmlster- 
Maxshal, in the county of Dorset, a moiety of the 
manor West Kington, in the county of Wilts, of 
the whole manor of Wadmersh, in the county of 
Surrey, of the manor of Bullingham, in the county 
of Cambridge, as also of the hamlets of Watweton 
and Wideoombe. In two years afterwards Lord 
Beauchamp was made governor of the castle of 
Bridgewater. In the 7th of Edward III. he ob- 
tained licence to fortify his manor houses at Hacche, 
Estokes, and South Hainedon, and to embattle 
their walls. His lordship d. in 1336, up to which 
period he had regular summonses, and was «. by 
his son, 

JOHN DE BEAUCHAMP, second Lord Beau- 
cAamp, <^ Hae^tet summoned to parliament from 
24th August, 1336, to 24th February, 1343. This 
nobleman participated in the glories of Edward the 
Third's reign, being constantly engaged in the 
French wars of that monarch. His lordship d. in 
1343, and was «. by his son (then twelve years of 
age, and under the guardianship of Robert de 
Ferrers, and Reginald de Cobham), 

JOHN DE BEAUCHAMP, third baron, sum- 
moned to parliament fkom 16th November, 1351, to 
aoth November, 1360. This nobleman was in the 
expedition made into Gascolgne, in the 33rd of 
Edward III., and of the retinue of Thomas de 
Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, whose daughter 
Alice he had married. His lordship d. in 1300 with- 
out issue, when the babony of Bbauchamp 
OF Hacchb fell into abbyakcb be t ween his two 
sisters and co-heireues, and in that state it still 
continues amongst their desosndants. Those ladies 



Cecily, m. first, to Sir Roger de St. Maur, by 
whom she had a son, William, fhmi whom 
the extant Dukes of Somerset, and Mar- 
quesses of Hertford, derive; and secondly, 
to Richard TurberviUe, of Bere Regis, in 
the county of Dorset, by whom she left a 
daughter, Juliana TurberviUe. 

Eleanor, m. to Mertet, and left a son, 

John MerieC, whose daughter and heiress, 
Elisabeth, married also a St Maxir. 
Upon the division of the estates, Cecily had for 
her share the manors of Hacche, Shipton, Beau- 
champ, Murifield, and one-third of the manor of 
Shipton Mallet, in the county of Somerset, with 
certtdn lands in Sturminsfer-Maishal, in the county 
of Dorset ; the manors of Boultberry and Haiber- 
ton, in Devonshire; the manor of Dourton, in 
Buckinghamshire; of Little Hawes, in Suflblk, 
and two parts of the manor of Selling, in Kent. 
Arms. — Vaire as. and ar. 



BEA 



BEA 



BJBAUCHAMP — BARONS BEAU- 
CHAMP, OF KYDDERMINSTER. 

Bf Lctten Patent, (the lint Barony lo cxeatad,) 
10th October, 1387. 

Xincasr. 

SIR JOHN DE BEAUCHAMP. Knt, of Holt, 
in the county of Worcetter, (great grandion of 
WiDiam de Beauchamp, Lord of Elmlej, and his 
wife, Iiab^ daughter and heireH of Wiiuiun Hau- 
dttit, of Handope, t e e Beaudiamp, Earls of War- 
idck.) having participated in the high achierements 
of bis distingoimhed fiunily, during the "itTtlal 
reign of Edward IIL, obtained a grant, in the 11th 
ot Richard IL, of the manors and lands belonging 
to the priory of Deerhurst, in the county of Glou- 
cester, being then steward of the king's household, 
and was elerated to the peerage by letters patent, 
dated 10th October, 1987, (the first barony* so con- 
ftned,) as Loan Bbaucbamp, of Kyddbbmih- 
STBB. An honour, however, which he did not long 
c^)oy, for, in the same jrear, he was attainted of 
high treason along with Sir John Tresilian, chief 
JusCioe of the King's Bcndi, and several others, by 
the parliament which the nobles forced the king to 
aseemUe, and bdieaded upon Tower-hiU, his sen- 
tence being so commuted from hanging and qiuur- 
tering (which latter punishment the chief Justice 
underwent). Lord Beauchamp m. Joane, daughter 
and heiress of Robert le Fitswith, and was «. by his 
only son (then but ten years of age, the lordship of 
Holt being committed, during his minority; to 
ThonuM, Earl of Warwick), 

JOHN DE BEAUCHAMP, second baron (the 
attainder being, we presume, repealed). This noUe- 
man attended King Richard II. into Irdand, in the 
Snd year of that monarch's reign, and vzecuted 
the office of eadteator of the county of Worcester, 
in the 8th of Henry IV. His lordship d. in 1490, 
leaving an only daughter and heiress, Margaret, 
who m. first, John Pauncefort, and secondly, 
John Wysham, when theBAHonv of Bbavchamp, 
OP Kyddbrmibbtbb, expired. 

BEAUCHAMP ^ BARONS BEAU- 
CHAMP, OF POWYKE. 

By Letten Patent, dated 9d May, 1447^ 

Xintagc. 

WALTER DE BEAUCHAMP, a younger son of 
William de Beauchamp, Lord of Elmley, and his 

• That the solemn investure ot this John, 
and an other barons who were thenceforth 
created by patent, was perfonned by the king him- 
self, by putting on a robe of scarlet, as also a 
mantle (with two gards on the left shoulder) and a 
hood, all ftirred with minever, there Is no doubt ; 
which form of creation continued until the 13th 
year of King James, that Sir James Hay (a Scotch- 
man) was advanced to the dignity of a baron of this 
reafan, by letters patent date Jnnii, by the title of 
Lord Hay, of Sauley, the lawyers then declaring 
that the delivery of the letters patent was sufficient 
without any ceremony.r— Duooalb. 



wife Isabel. alsMr and beirasa of William Maudoit, 
Earl of Warwick, (see Beauchamp, Earls of War- 
wick,) having purchased from Reginald Fitaher- 
bert, a moiety of the manor of ALcaaTan, in the 
county of Warwick, made that one of his principal 
seats, the other being at Powtxb, in the county of 
Gloucester. This Walter, who was a very eminent 
person at the period in which he lived, being signed 
with the cross for a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, 
had a legacy of 900 marks bequeathed to him by 
his father, for his better performance of that voy- 
age. He was steward of the household to King 
Edward I., and attended that monarch to Flanders, 
and into Scotland, where he shared in the honours 
of Falkirk on the S9d July, 1980L In the 99th of the 
same reign he was one of the lords in the parliament 
of Lincoln, being then styled DohUhus de Aleettm-, 
who signified to the pope, under their seals, the 
superiority of King Edward over the kingdom of 

Scotland. His lordship «. Alios, daughter of 

Tony, <« which marriage," says Dugdale, ** in re- 
gard they were within the fourth degree of consan- 
guinity, was after ratified by Godftrey, bishop of 
Worcester, and the childrsn b^got between them 
decreed legitimate by him who had authority so to 
do by the pope, in regard they knew nothing of 
that impedhnent at the time of the contract made," 
of which marriage there was survivltag issue— 
Waltbb, successor to his ISstheiv 
William, a military man of celebrity, who 
succeeded to part of the estates of his dder 
brother. 
• Giles, who inherited the lordship of Alceater, 

by the settlement of his eldest brother. 
The eldest son, 

WALTER DE BEAUCHAMP, succeeded his 
father in 1306, and was the next year in the expedi- 
tion against the Soots. In 1317* loon after the 
death of Guy, Earl of Warwick, his kinsman, he 
had custody of aU the lands belonging to Warwick 
Castle, together with the castle Itself, during the 
minority of the young earL In 1397 he had a spe» 
cial commission to execute the office of constable of 
England in a particular case ; and dying in the fol- 
lowing year, «. j». was «. by his brother, 

WILLIAM DE BEAUCHAMP, a military offi- 
cer of high reputation, who had attended Edward I. 
in several of his expeditions into Flanders and Scot- 
land. In the 10th of that monarch he acted as she. 
rilTof Worcestershire, which office was granted to 
him during the minority of the heir of his kinsman, 
Guy, Earl of Warwick. In the 14th of Edward II. 
he was appointed governor of St. Briavd Castle, in 
the county of Gloucester, and of the Forest of 
Dean, and was constituted. In the year following, 
one of the king's commissioners fait the safo cus- 
tody of the dty of Worcester. Dying, however, 
without Issue, his estates devolved upon his 
brother, 

GILES DE BEAUCHAMP, who had already In- 
hcrited, by the settlement of his eldest brother, the 
lordship of Aloester, the manor-house of which, 
called Beauduunp's Court, he had licence to fortify 
in the 14th of Edward IIL with a wall of stone and 
lime, and to embattle it I and he obtained similar 
permiwion regarding his house at Fresh- Water, in 

37 



BJEA 



B£A 



tife I«le of Wight, in th* 19th jmt of ch* 
reign. This GUet wm «. by Ub wm, 

JOHN DE BEAUCHAMP. of whom little u 
mentioned cave hit founding a cbmtry in the perish 
church of Akester, temp^ Edward IIL, for one 
priert to odebrate divine tenrioe daily at the altar of 
All Saints, and Us being in the expedition against 
France in the ad of Richard IL This John de 
Beauchamp left two aon^^ 

William (Sir) his suooeiaoc. 
Walter (Sir), fhnn whom the Beauchampe, 
Barons of St Amend, derived, (see that d%- 
nity.) 
and was «. by the dder, 

SIR WILLIAM DE BEAUCHAMP, Knt., who 
inthel6thofRidiardIL, was made oonetable of the 
castle of Gloucester. In the 3rd of Henry IV., was 
appointed aherilT of Worcestershire, and upon the 
eocenion of Henry V., sherilT of Glouoesterdiiie. 
He m. Catharine, dang^ter ot Genard de U£Bete, 
and was «. by his son, 

SIR JOHN BEAUCHAMP. Knt., who pifxidiased 
flrom Thomas de Botreaux, the other moiety at 
the manor of Aloester, which had continued in that 
fimiily fbr divers descents. In the 17th of Henry VL, 
this Sir John de Beaudiamp, upon the dewth of 
Ridiard, Eail of Warwick, was constituted one of 
the commissioneri for the guardianship of all his 
castles and lands, during the minority of Henry, 
the young earL And in the SSth of the same 
monarch, tnd May, U47» he was elevated to the 
peerage, in coniequence of the many good and ac- 
oqrtaUe services performed by him to that king, 
and to Henry V. his father, by the title of Loan 
Bbauchamp, Babon up Powvkb, obtaining at 
the same time, a grant of £60. per annum, out of 
the fee^arm of the dty of Gloucester, to himsdf 
and his heirs, for the better lupport of the honour. 
He was abo constituted Justice of South Wales, 
with power to exercise that office personally or by 
depiity : and ere long (88th Henry VI.) was 
raised to the office of Loan TnaASuajER op Eno- 
LAVo, and honoured with the garter. Hit lordship 
d. in 1478, and by his last testament, dated 9th April, 
1475, bcMqueathed his body to sepulture in the church 
of the Dominican Frien, at Woroeiter, in a new 
chapel to be made on the north side of the quire, 
to which rdigious house, in consideration of his 
burial there, he gave twenty marks, to be bestowed 
in vestments and stuA, besides an organ of his 
own: and appointed that a priest of that friery, 
should daily say mass at the altar within that cfais^ 
pd, before his tomb, after the order of a tremtal for 
his soul, as also for the souls of his father and mo- 
ther, dtc, his children and anoeston' souls, and, 
especially for the soul of Sir John FtutaHf, KnL, 
WUUam Botreauxt and all diristian souls; taking 
by the week, for that mass m daily to be said, 
eightpence, for evermore. Which diapel and tomb, 
with his effigies in alabaster, he enjoined his execu- 
tors to cause to be erected. Lord Beauchamp was 
«. by his only son, then forty years of age, 

SIR RICHARD BEAUCHAMP, second Loan 
BsAOCHAifP, of Powpke, who m. Elisabeth, daugh- 
ter of Sir Humphrey Staflbrd, Knt., (in the private 
diapel of his manor hous^ at Beanchiunp'i Court. 

m 



by vlrtoe of a spedal ttcenoe fkom the BMiap ot 
Worcester,) and had issue, 

Elisabeth, m. to Sir Robert Willoughby, Lord 
WiUougfaby de Broke, and had an only son 
Edward, who pre-deceased his father, leav- 
ing by his wife Elizabeth, daughter of 
Richard Nevil, Lord Latimer, three daugh- 
ters, of whom the eldest, Elisabeth, alone 
left issue; wfaidi Elisabeth m. Sir Fulke 
Greville, second son of Sir Fulke Greville, 
of Melcote, in the county of Warwick, and 
from that union desrands the extant Earls 
of Brooke and Warwick, and the Barons 
WiUoughby de Broke. 
Anne, m. to Richard Lygon, Esq., of Worces- 
tershire, and from this marriage tiie present 
Earl Beauchamp derives. (See BurM* 
Dietionmv qfthe Peerage and Baronetage,) 
Margaret, m. to Richard Rede, Esq., of the 
county of Gloucester. 
His lordship d. in 14{)6, and thus leaving no male 
issue, the Babont op Bbauchamp op Powykk 
■xpinan, while the estates of the deceased lord 
devolved upon the above ladies as co-hdresses. Eli- 
sabeth, Lady Willoughby de Broke, having the 
manor of Aloester, and her sisters, Powyke and 
other lands in the county of Worcester. 

BEAUCHAMP — EARL OF ALBE- 

MARLE. 

By Letters Patent, dated , 1417. 

(See Beauchamp, fifth Earl of Warwick.) 

BEAUFORT — EARL OF DORSET, 

AND DUKE OF EXETER. 

By Letters Patent, dated leth November, 1410. 

This was a branch of the royal house of Plakta- 
oswKT, springing from the celetirated 

JOHN OF GAUNT, (fourth son of King Ed- 
ward III., and so denominated from the place of 
his birth. Gaunt, anno 1940,) Earl of Richmond, 
Duke of Lancaster, and Duke of Aquitaine, K.G., 
who espoused, for his third wife, Katherine, daugh- 
ter of Sir Paen Roet, Knt., King at Arms, and 
widow of Sir Hugh (or Otes) Swineford, but had 
the following issue by her before his marriage, who 
were legitimated by parliament, in the 20th Rich- 
ard II., for all purposes, save acce ssion to the 
crown. 

John, Earl of Somerset, from whom descends 

the present ducal house of BnAUPonr. 
Henry, Cardinal of St. EuseUus, and Bishop 

of Winchester. 
Thomas, of whom presently. 
Joane, m. first, to Sir Robert Ferrers, and 
secondly, to Ralph Nevill, Earl of West^ 
moreland. 
The youngest son, (sumamed JBsoH/brf , from the 
castle of Beaufort in France, part of the marriage 
portion of Blanch op Abtoib, upon her marriage 
with Edward Crouchback, first Earl of Lancaster,) 

SIR THOMAS BEAUFORT, having attained 
some eminence in the leign of Richard IL, was 
appointed Admlnd of (be whole fleet to the north- 



BEA 



BEA 



with 



to 



is the itk or Hovy lY.. 
tcrre the king fs that 
drcd OMB at af«w» MmMlf and 

of the amber. In the 10th of the 

heranedeCaptalaof raleii, and to the 
ant year, had laothar gnnt of the office of Ad- 
■ktaal, both of the aorthern md werten Mat, for 
fiAu In whidi emfiofwMmtB Sir Thoaua deported 
Umicif with to much dtaaratka* that he wat looa 
aftarwards (Slid Henry IV.) appointed Loan Cmami- 
csuoa OF ExoLAnn, with a pavioa of ei^ 

ram, ovor and above the 
of that hi^ office, to o^joy 
tnm the Slat day of January |»aoeding, to long as 
he ahouU hold the lame. He obtained Ukewiae a 

ofiome of the forfeited laada of Sir Hobart 
in addition to the command of the 
■mtain teas, the Admirahhip of 
Ireland, Acquitaine, and Picardy, with six tnm of 
viae yearly, from tlie port oi Kingrton apon HulL 
la the Uth of Henry IV., he wai etevated to the 
pcengOb aa Ea»x. of Dobost, and vpon the acoea- 
don of Henry V., being then LiaurairAjrr of Ac- 
OoiTAias, he waa retained to lerve tlie king in 
that capacity fbr one half year, with two handred 
and forty men at anna, and twdve hundred archerk 
In the eeoond year of the new monarch, his lordship 
was one of the amhasiadnrs to negotiate a mar- 
liage taatween hit itoyal master, and Catherine, 
dsaghtCT of tbe King of France; and in the next 
yav he had the honour of commanding the rear 
guard at the celebrated BATTLa of Aoiitcourt, 
"oooBsting of archers, and such as were armed 
with spears, halberds, and UUs," and was oonstl- 
tttted Lientenant of Normandy. In the 4th of 
Henry V., hie loidship was created Dvkm ow 
ExsTsaybr Hfg onJ|r> in the parliament then held 
at London, having therewith a grant of a thousand 
pounds per ■««»"m out of the exchequer, and forty 
pounds per annum more peyaUe from the City of 
Exeter. During the remainder of the martial reign 
of the gallant Henry V., at whose solemn funeral 
he anliieil aa a mourner, his grace continued con- 
itaatly engaged upon the plains of Normandy, and 
rapped fresh lauiela in each succeeding campalgik 
Vpnn the arcf sehw nf thrnmrmnnirrh. (Hmry VI.) 
the Dnke^s se i w h >e in Prance were retained, with 
three bannerete, three knights, one hundred four 

at arms, and six hundred 
and he obtained in the same year the office 
of Jttiticeof North Wales. His grace m, Margaret, 
daughter and oo-hairaes of Sir Thomas Nevll, of 
Honeby, in the county of Lincoln, Kat., but had 
BO isBBC He d: on the 87th of December, 1498, 
when the EAajuooM of Dorobt, axo Dukboom 
OF ExBTBB Bxpiaao, but his great landed posaes- 

devolTod upon his nephew, John, Duke of 
In the laat iestunent of this eminent 
penoo, dated »th December, In the fith of Henry 
TL, he ocdaina that as soon after his decease, (vli. 
the fint day if possible, or the second or third at 
the furthest) a thousand masses should be solemnly 
*ung ffor his soul, Ac { that no great cost should 
be taicttned at his l^meral, and that five tapcn 
only ia so mrfky candlesticks should be placed 
round his rsnaaftna. Thai aa many pooe. men, aa 



hestaoaldtaeyearsof age at the time of hia death, 
ahouU cany a torch at hia ftmefml, each of them 
haying a gown or hood of white doth, and as numy 
pence as he himself had ttved yeers; likewise the 
same nmnbar of poor women to be stmUarly attired 
and xemnnerated. Furthermore he bequeathed to 
each poor body oomiag to his funeral a penny i 
and he appotarta, that at every aaaiTenary of him- 
self, and Mari^rat, his wife, that the Abbot of 
SL Edmundsbury, if p r esent, should have six shll- 
linga smd ei(^t pencei the prior, if present, thre6 
shillings and four pence t and every monk there, at 
that time, twenty pence i giving to the monastery 
for the support of thaee auui va isa rtes, fbur hundred 
marks. To Joane, hb sister, Conntess of West- 
morland, he gives a book, called TaiaTBAii, and 
to Thomas Swinelbtd, a cup of silver gilt, with a 
cover. To the uae of poor scholars in Queen's 
CoUoge Oxon, he bequeaths one hundred pounds to 
be depoaitad in a cheat, to the end that they might 
have some relief thereby, in loan, desiring that the 
borr o wers, should in diarity pray Ibr his soul, Ac., 
vpon the like tema he baqueaths one hundred 
Biore, to be similarly placed to Trinity 
Hall, Cambridge. The dBeeanil dnke was a knight 
of the Gartv. 

BEAUFORT _ KARLS AND DUKES 
OF SOMERSET. 



Earldom 
Dukedom 



}byLett.«Patent{^lJ^ 

ILincagc. 

In the 20th year of Richard II., the Lord ChanceUor 
having declared hi parliament, that the king had 
created 

SIR JOHN BEAUFORT, Knt, eldeat son of 
JoHW OF Gaunt, by Catharine Swineford, (see Beau- 
fort, Duke of Exeter,) Eabi. of Sombbbbt, he was 
brought in bet i n je n the Earl of Huntingdon, and 
the Earl Marshal, in a vesture of honour, his 
sword (with the pomd gilt) carried befbre him. 
When the diarter of areatkm being publidy read, 
he was girt with the same sword i and having done 
homage, was placed be t w e en the Earl Marshal, and 
the Earl of Warwick. His kirdshlp was advanced 
la the next year (also in open parliament) to the 
MABOOiaATB OF DoBSBT, B dignity which he soon 
alterwarda resigned t and waa created on the day of 
his resignation, MABonaaa of Sombbbbt. He 
bore, however, sabseqnently, the former title, and 
as Marquess of Dorset, was made conauble of Wal- 
ingford Castle, and constable of Dover Castle, and 
Warden of the Cinque Porta. In the same year, his 
lordship had extmsive granta from the crown, 
and waa appointed admiral of the king's fleet, both 
to the north and west{ but upon the accession 
of Henry IV., having been one of the accusers of 
Thomaa de Woodstock, Duke of Olouoestcr, his 
right to the Marqulsate of Dorset was declared void 
by parliament, ud hia only title then remaining 
was Earl of Someraet. by which, in the same year, 
he waa conatituted Loan CnAMBsmLAni of Eno- 
xujf Db In the 4th of the new numardi, the com- 
moiM in perliament, however, petitioned ftor his 
restitution to the Marquiiala of Donet i but the 

m 



B£A 



BEA 



Earl ieemed unwilUog to re-adopt the derignaUon of 
Marqukw, that being then to new a dignity in 
England. Hii lordship did at length though re- 
•ume it, tot we find him in a few yean after ap- 
pointed, aa Marqueu of Donet, Loan High AnMi- 
RAL or Enoland. The Marquea espoused Mar- 
garet, daughter of Thomas Holland, and slater and 
heiress of Thomas, lx>th Earb of Kent, (who mar- 
ried after his decease, Thomas, Duke of Clarence,) 
and had issue, 

HsNRY, who «. as second Earl ct Somenet. 
John, successor to his brother. 
Edmund, who. In the 9th of Henry VI., was 
appointed, under the title of Lord Morteign, 
commander of the forces in France (but of 
him hereafter). 
Jane, m. to James I. King of Scotland. 
Margaret, m. to Thomas Courtenay, Earl of 
Devon. 
His lordship who, amongst his other honours, was 
a KifiOHT 09 THS OARTBa, d. in 1410» and was«. 
by his eldest son, 

HENRY BEAUFORT, MooMd Bar! qf Somerset, 
god-son to King Henry IV., who, dying in his mino- 
rity, was «. by his lirother, 

JOHN BEAUFORT, third EmrlufSomereet, K.G., 
a distinguished military commander in the reigns of 
Henry V. and Henry VI. by the latter of whom he 
was created, in 1443, Earl ^ Kendal, and Duks op 
SoMBRasT, by which tiUe he was made lieu tenant-ge- 
neral of Aqultaine, and of the whole realm of France, 
and Duchy of Normandy. His grace m. Margaret, 
daughter of Sir John Beauchamp, of Blesto, KnU, 
and heiress of John, her brother, (whidi lady m. 
after the duke^s decease, Sir Leode Welles,) by whom 
he left an only daughter and heiress, 

•Maroarbt, who m. Edmund Tudor, sur- 
named of Hadham, Earl of Richmond, by 
whom she was mother of 

Hbnry, Earl op Richvokd, who as- 
cended the throne as Henry VII. 
Her ladyship espoused, secondly. Sir Henry 
Staflbrd, Knt., and thirdly, Thomas, Lord 
Stanley, but had issue by ndther. The vir- 
tues of this distinguished lady have been 
greatly celebrated, and Walp^ mentions 
her in his catalogue of noble authors, as 
baring written upon several occasions! and 
by her son's command and authority, "made 
the orders for great estates of ladies and no- 
blewomen, for their precedence, attires, and 
wearing of harbes at funerals, over the diin 
and under the same.** 
John, Duke cX Somerset, d. in 1444, when that 
dignity, and the Earldom of Kendal expired; but 
the Earldom of Somerset devolved upon his bro- 
ther, 

EDMUND BEAUFORT, Marquees of Donet, as 
fourth Earl of Somerset. This nobleman had com- 
manded in the 10th of Henry VI., oneof the divisions 
of the Duke of Bedford's army In Normandy, and 
upon the death of that eminent general, was appoint- 
ed Joint commander, with Richard, Duke of York, 
of all the English fbroes in the duchy. He subse- 
quently (15th Henry VI.) laid successful siege to 
Harfleur; and afterwards crossing the Somme, In- 
40 



vested, with equal fortune, the Fort of Fullevllle, 
when he formed a Junction with Lord Talbot In a 
few years following,' he acquired an accession of 
renown by his rdief of Calais, then invested by the 
Duke of Burgundy, and for his good scrrioes upon 
that occeaion, was created on the Mth of August. 
1441, Earl op Dorbrt. His lordship continuing to 
distinguish himself in arms, was advanced, on the 
84th of June, 1442, to the Marquibatb op Dorbrt, 
by which title he inherited the Earldom of Somer- 
set at the decease of his brother in 1444, and the next 
year was constituted RBonrr op Frahcr. In three 
years afterwards (31st March, 1448) he was created 
DuKB OP SoMRRBRT. His grace was also a knight 
of the Garter, and Lord Hioh Cowbtablb. But 
the fortune of war veering soon after, and Caen 
felling into the hands of the French, the duke had 
to encounter a storm of unpopularity in Eng^d, 
to which he was recalled, with the hostility of 
Ridiard, Duke of York, and espousing the Lancaa- 
trian cause, in the lamentable war of the Roses, 
which about that period broke out, he fril in the 
first battle of St. Albans, in 1445^ His grace had 
m. Alianore, one of the daughters and co-heiresses 
of Richard Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, and had 
issue, 

Hrwry, Earl qf Mcrteign, his successor. 
Edmund, successor to his brother. 
John, slain at the battle of Tewkesbury. 
Alianore, m. first, to James Boteler, Earl of 
Wiltshire, and secondly, to Sir Robert 
Spencer, Knt. 
Joane, m. to the Lord Houth, of Ireland, and 

afterwards to Sir Richard Fry, Knt 
Anne, m. to Sir William Paston, Knt 
Margaret, m. to Humphrey, Earl of Staflbrd, 
and afterwards to Sir Richard Darell, Knt 
* Elisabeth, m. to Sir Henry Lewes, Knt 
The duke was «. by his tAdett son, 

HENRY BEAUFORT, second DUKE OF SO- 
MERSET, a very distinguished personage in the 
York and Lancaster contest His lordship, like his 
father, being a staunch Lancastrian, was constituted 
in the 36th of Henry VI., governor of the Isle of 
Wight, with the castle of Caresbroke, and in the fol- 
lowing year appointed captain of Calais. He subse- 
quently continued high in the oonfldenoe of his royal 
master, until the defeat sustained by the Lancastrians 
at Towton, on the ISth of Mardi, 1461, when flying 
ftom the fidd with the unfortunate Henry, he is 
accused of abandoning the fallen monarch at Ber- 
wick, and of making his peace with the new king 
(Edward IV.) by the surrender of Bamburgfa Castle. 
Certain it is, that he was taken into ISsvonr by that 
prince, and obtained a grant from him of a thousand 
marks per annum. In the next year however, upon 
the appearance of Margaret of A^Jou, in the North, 
at the head of a considerable force, his grace re- 
sumed •* the Red Rose," but falling into the hands 
of the Yorkists at Hexham, in 1463, he was be- 
headed the day after the battle: and attainted by 
parliament in the 5th of Edward IV. The duke 
had no legitimate issue, but left by Joane Hill, an 
illegitimate son, Cmarlbb Sombrbbt, from whom 
the present ducal family of Somerset directly de- 
scends. His grace was «. by his brother. 



B£A 




«. 



EDUIJND dsX^lftlMlffA'who «rt«r oiditf. 
is»g a miaenble exile with hit brother John in 
Fnace, was rettoved to the hoaoun of hit family, 
upon the temporary re-eitabliahment of the Lancaa- 
trian power, in the 10th of Edward IV., when he is 
seid to hava been summoned to parliament as Dukb 
orSoMBSftST. His grace commanded the archers at 
the battle of BABjraTriBi.i> in the next year, and 
upon the loss of that battle fled into Wales to the 
Earl of Pembroke ; be was subsequently in oonunand 
at Tewkesbury, where the 111 fortimeof the day was 
attdbatcdtohisdefectioB. his grace fled the field, 
bat ha was soon overtaken, and paid the forfeit of 
Jiis head (anno 1471). Dying without issue, aU his 
hononxa sxrinno, leavii^ ATTAiMDasa out of the 
qiMsdon, while hb sisters or their representatives 
baonM his heirs. 

Amau— Quarterly, Franca and Rnglend, a border 
Goiwny, ar. and ai. 

BEAUMONT — BARONS AND VIS- 
COUNTS BEAUaiONT. 



By Writ of SuBunoBS, dated 4th Maidi, 1309, 
tad Edward IL, and by Lett«i Patent, 
19th February, 144a 

The original descent of this noble flunily does not 
appear to have been clearly ascertained. Some au- 
thorities deduce it fhan Lewis, son of Charles, Garl 
of Ai^jott, a younger ion of Lewis VIIL, khig of 
Franoet some firom Lewis de Bnnne, second son 
of John de Brenne, the lest king of Jerusalem i and 
fkom the Viscounts Beaumont,* of Normandy. 



Of diese Tisoou&ts a perftct narratlTe cannot be 
to be given i but what can be said we 
win venture to oflhr. It appears, then, that our 
King Henry L had many natural sons and daugh- 
ters; of the latter of which, one named Constance, 
is said, by Sandlbrd, to have married Rosceline, 
Vieeouiit Beaumont, in Normandy, and to have 
been endowed by her Ikther with the manor of 
Abicheoott, In the town of Suttanton, in Devon- 
shire. Of this Viscountess Beaumont, Mr. Hadox, 
in his Baronia Anglicana, has produced from the 
Pipe Rolls several payments of money In the 4th of 
Henry IL, (who was her n^hew,) whidi payments 
were made to a lady, styled only " Vicaoomitissa,'* 
though afterwards ** Vicceomltiaia de Bellomonte.** 
She had issue a son Richard, who succeeded to the 
viscounty, (and probably Odoard le Viscount, to 
whom King Henry II. gave the manor of Kmildon, 
in Noithumberland, might be one of her younger 
sons,) in which he was succeeded by Ralph, who, 
very likely, when the duchy of Normandy was lost 
by King John, sought reftige and relief in England. 
For, in the next reign, it appears that mention is 
made of William de Beaumont, and also of Godfrey, 
who, with Cecilia de Ferres, his wife, levied a fine 
of the manor of Rokbum, in Northamptonshire, 
flth-Edward I. Why may not, then, one of these be 
Ihtherof thcLady Veseyand her brothers ?—(Hor- 
neby's Remarks on Dngdale's Baronaga) 
This note is taken from Bankos's ExUnct Pcer- 



B£A 

Certain it is, however, that in the lelgn of fid- 
ward I., mention is made of Isabel de Beaumont, 
wife of John de Vesdi of Lewis, who, in liM, was 

treasurer of the church of SaUsbury, and alterwaida 
Bishop of Durham i and of 

HENRY DE BEAUMONT, who, attondtag the 
king, 3lith Edward L, in hU expedition agahist the 
Scots, obtained a precept to the ooUectora of the 
Fifteenth in Yorkshire for two hundred marks to- 
wards his support in those wars. Intheiiatyearof 
King Edward IL this Henry had a grant in fteof 
the manors of Folkynham, Edanham, and Barton- 
upon-Humbar, and of all the knight's ftm belongs 
ing to Gilbert de Gent, which Laura de Gant, his 
widow, held in dower, and in three yean afterwards 
hada Airthergrantof the Isle of Man, to hold for 
life, by the services which the lords thaiaof had 
usuaUyperfonned to the kings of Scotland. Inthe 
preceding year he had been constituted governor of 
Roxborough Castle, and deputed, with Humpluay 
de Bohuta, Earl of Hereford, and Robot de Clif- 
ford, to guard the marches. About thb period ha 
espoused Alice, dau^ter, and eventuaUy heirass of 
Alasander Comin, Earl of Boghan, ^«fta »|» of 
ScDthmd, and, doing his homi^, in the gth of 
Edward IL, had livery of her lands. In the 10th of 
the same monarch, Lord Beaumont, (he had been 
summoned to parliament es a BAnoir on the 4th 
March, 1309,) being then the king's lieutenant hi 
the north, accompanying thither two cardinals who 
had come fhmi Rome, partly to reconcile the king 
to the Earl of Lancaster, and partly to iathronlaa 
his lordship's brother, Lewis de Beaumont, in the 
bishopric of Durham, was attadted, near Darlingw 
.ton, by a band of robbers, headed by Gilbert de 
Middleton, and despoiled of all his treasure, hoiaas, 
and every thing else of value, as were likewise his 
companions. His kirdshlp and his brother were 
also made prisonen, the former being conveyed to 
the castle of Mitford, and the latter to that of 
Durham, there to remain until ransomed. From 
this period the baron continued to bask in the sun- 
aldne of royal favor, and to receive from the crown 
further augmentations to his territorial possessions, 
until the 16th of Edward IL, when, being required 
to give his advice in council regarding a truce than 
meditated with the Soots, he dwiined contemptu- 
ously, observing, ** that he urould give none therein,** 
which so irritated the Una, that his lordship was 
ordered to depart the couroil, end he retired, say- 
ing, *' he had rather begone than etaif.'* He was in 
consequence committed, with the consent of the 
lords present, to prison, but soon after released 
upon the b^ of Henr^ de Perei and Ralph de 
Neeile, He seems within a short time, however, 
sgain to ei\)oy the king's favor, for we find hlro in 
two years constituted one of the plenipotentiaries 
to treat of peace with France, and in two years 
subsequently nominated guardian to David, son 
and heir of David de Strabolgl, Earl of Athol, de^. 
ceesed, in consideration of the sum of one thousand . 
pounds. His lordship after this time, entirely de- 
serting his royal master, sided with the queen con- 
sort Isabella, and was the very perwn to deliver up 
the unhappy monarch to his enemies, upon his 
abortive attempt to fly beyond sea. The king, there- 
G 41 



BEA 



BEA 



upon, was committed cloie prftoner to B«rkdey 
CMtle* where he was inhumanly murdered in 1387* 
For this act of treachery Lord Beaumont received a 
grant of the manor of Loughborough, part ot the 
poaseasions of Hugh le Despenser, the attainted Earl 
of Winchester, and was summoned to parliament on 
the 9Snd January, 13U, 7th Edward III., aa Earl 
or BooHAir. His lordship, during the reign of Ed- 
ward III;, had many high and confidential employ- 
ments, and took a prominent part in the aflUrs of 
iScotland, being at one time sent aa constable of the 
king's army into that country for defence of the 
realm. The earl if. in ISW, leaving two children, 
namely, 

John, his heir. 

Elisabeth, m, to Nicholas de Andley, son and 
heir of James, Lord Audley, of Heley. 

His lordship inhJerited, upon the decease of his 
NSter, Isabell, wife of John de Vesd, of Alnwick, in 
the county of Northumberland, (one of the most 
powerfVil barons of the north,) a lady of great 
eminence in her time, without issue, large possea- 
sions in the county of Lincoln, which, added to his 
own acquirements, placed him amongst the most 
wealthy noUes of the kingdom at the period of his 
death. He was «. by his son, 

JOHN DE BEAUMONT, second Baror Brau- 
MORT, summoned to parliament SSth February, 1349, 
but never entitled Earl of Boghan. His lordship m. 
Lady Alianore Plantagenet, 6th daughter of Henry, 
Earl of Lancaster, and great grand-daughter of King 
Henry III., by whom he had an only child, Henry, 
bom In Brabant, during her ladysldp's attendance 
upon Philippa, queen consort of Edward III. ; in 
considerittion of which, Lord Beaumont obtained 
the king's special letten patent, declaring, "that, 
notwithstanding the said Henry waa begotten and 
bom in foreign parts, nevertheless, in regard It was 
by reason of his and his lady's attendance on the 
queen, he should be reputed a lawAil heir, and in- 
herit his lands in Erolard, as if he had been bom 
there." This nObleman, like his Esther, was much 
engaged in the Scottish wars. His lordship d, in 
1349, and was «. by his son, 

HENRY DE BEAUMONT, third Baron, whose 
legitimacy, (owing to his bring bora beyond the 
sea,) was ratified by act of parliament, in the 9Sth 
Edward III. In the 34th of the same monarch, 
being then of flill age, his lordship did homage and 
had livery of his lands, ind waa summoned to par- 
liament tram the I4th August, 138i, to the 94th Feb- 
ruary, 1388. He m. Margaret, daughter of John de 
Vere, Earl of Oxford, (which lady m. after his de- 
cease, Nicholas de Lorraine,) and dying In 136B, was 
a. by his only child, (placed,- In the 47th Edward III., 
under the guardianship of William Lord Latimer), 

JOHN DE BEAUMONT, fourth baron, who 
attaining maturity in the 6th Richard II.. had livery 
of his lands, and in the same year with Henry de 
Spencer, Bishop of Norwich, waa, in the Bn^h 
army, sent to oppose the adherents of Pope Clement 
VIL In four years afterwards, his lordship accom- 
panied JoRR OF Gaurt, then called KlngqfCatHt* 
amd Leon, into Spain ; but before the dose of that 
year, lie was expelled the court, as one of the king's 
eviladviaers, by the grtat lords aasembled at Harin- 
40 



gey Park. Soon afterwards, however, he made his 
peace, and had license to repair to Calais, in order to 
engage in a tournament, and he had then the honor 
of tilting with the Lord Chamberlain of the King of 
France. In the 19th Richard II., he was made Ad- 
miral of the king's fleets to the northwards, and 
one of the Wardens of the Mardies towards Soot- 
land ; <* whereupon he entered that country forty 
miles, spoyled the Market at Fowics, and brought 
many prisoners back.** In the next year he had the 
castle of Cherburgh in France, committed to his 
custody, and about that time was specially enjoined 
to abstain from exercising any feats of arms with 
the French, without permission from Henry de 
Perci, Earl of Northumberland. In the 16th of the 
same iteign, his lordship received a penrion of £lO0k 
per annum for his services, and was constituted 
Constable of Dover Castle, and Warden of the 
Cinque Ports; and in the 19th, he was appointed 
one of the commissioners to negotiate a marriage 
between the King of England, and Isabell, daugh- 
ter of the King of France. His lordship m. Kathe- 
rine, daughter of Thomas de Everlngham of Laxton, 
in the county of Nottini^uun, and had Issue, 

Hrrbt, his successor. 

Thomas, ancestor of the Beaumontsof Stough- 
ton Grange. 

Richard. 
The baron, who had been summoned to parlia- 
ment from the 90th' August. 1383. to the 13th No- 
vember. 1383, and had the high honour of being a 
Krioht or THR Gabtrr, died In 1386, and was «. 
by his eldest son, 

HENRY DE BEAUMONT, fifth baron, whore-' 
ceived the honor of knighthood at the coronation of 
King Henry IV. ; and in the 11th of the same mo- 
narch's reign, was constituted one of the oommis-- 
sionen to treat of peace with France. His lordship 
m. Elisabeth, daughter of William, Lord Willoughby 
de Eresby, and had issue, 

JoHR, his heir. 

Henry, from whom the Beaumonts of Wednes- 
bury, in Uie county of Stafford, descended. 
Lord Beaumont, who had been summoned to par- 
liament from 99th Augiist, 1404, to the 99nd March, 
1413, died in the Uftter year, and was «. by his eldest 
son, 

JOHN DE BEAUMONT, sixth baron, a very 
distinguished personage in the reign of Henry 
VI., and high in that monarch's favour, under whom 
he ei^oyed the moat lucrative and honorable em- 
ployments, and in whose service he eventdally laid 
down his life. In the 14th of King Henry, hik lordship 
obtained by letters patent, to himself and his heirs 
male, the EarMon of Boloine, being at that time upon 
his march for the relief of Calais, and in finir years 
afterwards, 19th February, 1440, he waa created 
ViacouRT Bbaumort, (being the first person dig- 
nified with such a title.) with precedency above aU 
barons of the realm, and with a yearly fee of twenty 
marks, out of the revenues of the county of Lin- 
coln. His lordship recdved, subsequently, a patent 
of precedency (9Srd Henry VI.) above all viscounts 
thenceforth to be created { and in five years after- 
wards, was constituted Lonn Hioh Chambrb- 
LAIR OP Erolard. The viscount finally lost his 



BBA 



BEA 



' Bfr at the tettl* o# Northamptoii, flgbttnf imd«r 
tte LaBCMtilMi iMBacr cm the 10th July. lOSi 
Wb hmWdp WW • Kvioht of thb GAmTBR* 
0d had twCD tninmoBed to parHanMnt fai the 
BAaojrr or« Bbavmont, firom 94th February. 
1431^ to mOk Scptonbcr, 1439. He had m. Elieabethp 
dOy danghtar and hcbcM of Sir Willhnn Phdip, 
vord Bianhri^ by whom he left* 
WiixiAJi. hie ■uecBMor. 
JcHMb m. to John, Lord Lorel* of Tidunenh* 
and dying bcftm her brother, left a Mm, 
^j ^y gyho succeeded ae Lord Lovd. but AM with- 
out Imw, and two dau^ters, vis. 

L Joane> ek to Sir Brian St^leton* of 
Carlton, Knt., from which marriage, 
Unaa&y deMnded, 

GiSiart Stapleton, Eiq, who left one 
eon and one daughter* out of a 
munanws finnily, that had lanie^ 



Sir Mliei Sti^leton. Bart^ who 
d. in 1707» in inflmt mu and 
dau^lMer baring pre-deceaied 



Anne, m. to Mark Erriogton, 
Beq., of Gonteiand, and left 
aion, 

Nichofan^ whoaiiamed the 
name of Stapleton, and 
marrjring Mary Scroope, 
left at hie deoeaie, in 
I7U» an only turrlYing 
aoUf 

NiCHOLAa Staplb- 
TOM, who IN. first, 
Charlotle Bure, by 
whom he had four 
daughters I aecond- 
ly, Mary BagneO, 
but had no furri- 
Ting iafue } and 
thirdly, Wlnefred 
White, by whom 
he left an only tui^ 
Tivingaon, 

Tmomab Sta> 

FLBTOK, Ee(|R 

Of Carlton, 
.who claimed 
the Baromy 
OP Bbau- 
MonTfimtun- 
sucoeMftilly, 
in 17B6. 
», m. to Sir Edward Norres, 
Kni^tt and whoee 
Henry Norresa was sum- 
moned to parliament, temp. Elisabeth, 
ae Baron Norres. of Ryoote, a barony 
merged in the EarMom of Abing- 
Her ladyship had an only grand- 



SL PrideswMe, 
of Yattenden, 



Mary, sister of Lord Norres, who 
m. flnt. Sir George Careir, end 
secondly. Sir Arthur Champcr- 
noun» and left issue. 



lahn» Viscount Beaument, was a by his only 



WILLIAM DB BEAUMONT. 

wtmth amom» who Inherited likewise large poe- 
■s from his mother, the heiras of the BardolA. 
This noblman adhering faithfully to the Lancastrian 
interest, was made prisoner by the Yorkisto at Tow- 
ton field, in the 1st year of Edward IV.. when he was 
attainted, and his large possessions bestowed upon 
Lord Hastings; from this perkMl until the aooession 
of King Henry VIL, his lordship shared the lUlen 
fortunes of his perty, but rising with that event, 
he was re st ored to his honors and estates, by act of 
parliament, pa sse d on the 7th Novembsr, in the 
1st year of the new monarch's reign. The viscount 
m, first. EUxabeth, daughter of Richard Scrope, 
and niece of Lord Scrope, of Bolton; and secondly, 
Joene, daughter of Humphrey Staflbrd, Duke of 
Buckingham, but dying without issue in 1M7, thb 
VieooimrcY bzpibbd, while thb Babomv op 
Bbaumont fril into abbyamcb, and so continues, 
aoDording to the decision upon the daima of Mr. 
Stapleton, in 1798, "Between the coheirs of Wil- 
liam, Viscount Beaumont, (tai whom it was vested 
by descent from his tether, John, Lord Beaumont, 
who was summoned to and sit in parliament, ted 
Henry VL, as a baron in fee,) descended from his 
sister Joene, and that the petitioner Thomas Sta- 
pleton, Esq., was one of thoee otAieifa.'' 
Armb— Aa. a Uon rampant semte de lis, or. 

BEAUMONT — EARLS OF LEICES- 
TER. 

By Charter of Creation, dated anno lioa 

ICiiuagc. 

ROBERT DE BELLOMONT, OR BEAU- 
MONT, (son of Roger, grandson of Turolf of Pont 
Audomere, by Wevia, sister to Gunnora, wife of 
Richard L, Duke of Normandy,) came into Eng- 
land with the Conqueror, and contributed mainly to 
the Norman triumph at Hastings. This Robert 
inherited the earldom of Mellent in Normendy, 
from his mother Adriina, daughter of Waleran. 
and sister of Hugh, (who took the habit of a monk 
hitheabbeyofBec,)bothEarUof MeUent. Of his 
conduct at Hastings, William PicUvensis thus 
speaks : *' A certain Norman young soldier, son of 
Roger de Bellomont, nephew and heir to Hugh. 
Ea4 of Mellent, by Adeline his sister, making the 
first onset in that fight, did what deserveth httUng 
Ihme, boldly charging and breaking in upon the 
enemy, with that regiment which he commanded 
in the right wing of the Bxtay,** for which gallant 
services he obtained sixty-four lordahips In War- 
widuhire, sixteen In Leicestershire, sevqn in Wilt- 
^shire, three in Northamptonshiret and one in 
Ghnicestershire, in all hikbty-okb. His lordship 
did not however arrive at the dignity of the English 
peerage before the reIgn of Henry L« when that 
monarch creeted him Kam< op LaicBarBB. The 
mode by which he attained this honour is thus 
stated by an ancient writer t ** The City op Lbi- 
CB8TBB had then four lords, via., the Kine, the 
Bishop op Lincoln, Eabx. Simon, and Yvo. the 
son of Hugh de GrentmesneL This Earl of Mel- 
lent, by &vour of the kipg» fcunoingly entering it 

43 



B£A 



B£€ 



on that side which heloiigtd to Yto, (then governor 
thereof, as also kherifT, and the king's farmer there,) 
sttl^ecting it vrtioUy to himaelf ; and bj this means, 
being made an Eabl in England, exceeded all the 
nobles of the realm in riches and power.** His 
lordship espoused Isabel, daughter of Hugh, Earl 
of Vermandois, and had issue, 

Walaren, who «. to the Earldom of M eUent. 

RoBKRT, successor to the English Earldom. 

Hugh, sumamed Pauper, obtained the Earl- 
• DOM OF BsDPORD ftom King Stephen, 
with the daughter of M llo de Beaucfaamp, 
upon the expulsion of the said Milo. Being 
a person (says Dugdale) remiss and negli- 
gent himself, he tea. flrom the dignity of an 
earl, to the state of a knight ; and in the 
end to miserable poverty. 
With several daughters, of whom, 

EUsabeth, was concubine to Henry I., and 
afterwards wife of Gilbert Strongbow, Earl 
of Pembroke. 

Addlne, m. to Hugh de MoBtfort. 

m. to Hugh de Novo CasteUo. 

— ^— - m. to William Lupellus, or LoveL 
This great earl is characterised as «* the wisest of 
all men betwixt thlk and Jerusalem, in worldly 
alEurs ; famous for knowledge, plausible in speech, 
■kilAil in craft, discreetly provident, ingeniously 
subtile, excdling for prudence, proAnind in coun- 
sel, and of great wisdom." In the latter end of his 
days, he became a monk in the ^bbey of Preaux, 
where he died in 1118, and was «. in the earldom of 
Leicester, by his second son, 

ROBERT, (called Bossu,) as second earL 
This nobleman stoutly adhering to King Henry I. 
upon all occasions, was with that monarch lit his 
decease in 113S, and he afterwards as staunchly 
supported the interests of his grandson, Henry II., 
upon whose acce ss ion to the throne, his Icwdship 
was constituted Jvarics or Eholand. He m. 
Amicia, daughter of Ralph de Waer, Earl of Nor- 
folk, by whom he had a son, Robbrt, and two 
daugihters; one, the wife of Simon, Earl of Hun- 
tingdon, the other, of William, Earl of Gloucester. 
The 'earl, who was a munlfloent benefkctor to the 
church, and foimder of several religious houses, d. 
in 1167, efter having lived for fifteen years a canon 
regular in the Abbey of Leicester, and was «. by his 
son, 

ROBERT, (sumamed Blanchm^nes, from having 
white hands,) as third earl, who adhering to 
Prince Henry, in the 19th of Henry II., in his rebel- 
lion, incurred the high displeasure of that monarch. 
The king commanding that his town of Leicester 
should be laid waste, it was besieged, and the 
gfeater part burnt i the inhabitants having permit- 
•ion for three hundred pounds to move whither 
they pleased. He was received however into royal 
favour in four years afterwards, (1177t) and had 
restoration of idl his lands and castles, save the 
castle of Montsorel, in the county of Leicester, and 
Paoey, in Normandy ; but surviving King Henry, 
he stood in such favour with Richard I., that those 
castles were likewise restored to him, and he was 
appointed to carry one of the swords of state at 
that monarch's coronation. His lordship m. Patro- 

44 



nil, daaghter of Hugh de GrentoneviU, with whom 
he had the whole honour of Hinkley, and SrawARn* 
SHIP of England, and had issue* 

ROBBRT FiTtPARHRI., his SUCOeMOr. 

Roger, Bishop of St. Andrews* in Scotland. 
William, a leiq;>er, founder ot the hospital of 

St. Leonards, at Leicester. 
Amicia, m, to Simon de Montfbrt, who after 
the Earldom of Leicester expired, with the 
male line of the Bbaumonts, was cxeated 
Earl of Leicester, by King John (see Mont- 
ford, Earl of Leicester). 
Margaret, m. to Sayer de Quincy. 
The earl d. in his return flrom Jerusalem, at Duns, 
in Greece, anno 1190, and was «. by his son, 

ROBERT, (sumamed Fitx-pamel ftam his 
mother,) Iburth earl, who in 1191, befaig at Messina, 
in his journey to the Holy Land, was invested into 
Us father's earldom of Leioester, by King Richard, 
with the cincture of a sword. After which, whilst 
his royal master was detained in captivity by the 
Emperor, the King of France having invaded Nor^ 
mandy, and taken divers places, this earl coming to 
Roan, excited the inhabitants to so vigorous a de- 
ftnce, that the Prendi monarch was obliged to re- 
treat Furthermore, it is rdated ot him, that 
wiwfciiig a pilgrimage into the Holy Land, he there 
unhorsed, and slew the Soldan in a tournament, 
when returning into England, he d. in 1JI04, and 
was buried in the Abbey of Leioester, befbre the 
high altar, betwixt his mother and grandfather. 
His lordship had m. Lauretta, daughter of Wil- 
liam, Lord Braose, of Brember, but having no 
issue, the EARiiDOv or Lxicrstxr became bx- 
TijfCT, while his great inheritance devolved upon 
his two sisten, as coheirs, which was divided be- 
tween them, thus— 

SiMOw DB MoKTPORT, husbsod of Amicia, 

had one moiety of the earldom of Leicester, 

with the honour of Hinkley, and was 

CBBATBD Eari. OP Lbicbstbr; he also 

enjoyed the stewardship of England, as in 

right of the said honor of Hinkley. 

Savbb db Quibcby, husband of Margaret, 

had the other moiety of the earldom of 

Leicester, and was shortly after created 

Earl of WiifCHBaTBB. (See that dignity). 

Arxb.— 43u. a cinqueMI Erm. pierced of the 

field. 

BEAUMONT— EARL OF BEDFORD. 

(See Beaumont, Earl of Leicester.) 

BEG OR BEKE.J)ARONS B£K£ OF 
ERESBY. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 23rd June, U9S. 
S3rd Edward I. 

Xincasc. 

Amongst the compenioiis in arms of the Coh- 
guBROR, wae» 

WALTER BEC, who, although cqjoying a fair 
Inheritance in Normandy, embarked aealously in 
the enterprise against England, and obtained upon 
the triumph of his master a grant of the manor of 
Exesby, in the county of Lincoln, with other im- 



BEC 



BEC 



portanttedikiiM. Thli Wattw m. Agntt, dtughtar 
■Ml liclnw of Hugh, tlie Mxi of PtiMS (one of the 
chieA hi Duke WUIkm** anny,) oommaaly adled 
Hugh Dapilier* and had tow 

Hn^ who died «. jk in hii vetvn from tha 

Holy Land. 
Hanry, bafaig apanon of naak nndantandfaif. 
Ma two next toothen itaavad with him the 
inhferltanoa 
Walter, IpattlGlpafean with their tatothar 
John, j Henry, in their lkth«'t landi. 
Thoanai inherited the chuidi patfooaga ct 
hitfttfaer. 
The eideit nnrlTing ton, 

HENRY BEKE, tadierited Bmsaar, and other 
manon, and waa «. by his ion, 

WAJLTER BEKE, who «. Eva. ttiaoe of Walter 
de Grey, Aichbidiop of York, and waa «. by hie 



JOHN BBKB, who gare to King John a hundred 
poonds end four pelfteys, for lioenie to merry the 
wUow of WilUam Baidicdph. This feudal lord wee 
ik by his ton, 

HENRY BEKE, who «. HawyM, liater of 
Thoanae de Muleton, and obtained luge eetatat in 
the ooonty of Uneoln thereby, es a gift fkom the 
arid Thomaa. To thie feudal Baron of Breiby, «. 



WALTER BEKE, who left three ions, Tia.^ . 

JoBW, his suceessor In the lordship of Eresby. 

AimoirT, the oetebiated Bibbop of DvasA v, 
end Pathiargh ov Jkbusalkm. " This 
Anthony, (saya^Dugdale,) was signed with 
the croes in the Mth Henry III., in order 
to Us going to the Holy Lend with Prinoe 
Edward; and on the 3rd of Edward L, being 
then a derk, was made constable of the 
Tower of London. Moreover, in anno U83, 
befaig present at the translation of St. Wil- 
liam, Ardibishop of York, and at the whole 
charge of that great solemnity, (the king, 
queen, and many of the noUHty being also 
there,) he was then consecrated Bisbop op 
DintBAM, by William Wickwane, Ardibishop 
of York, in the dmrch of St. Peter, within 
thet city. Alter which, anno 1S04, <8Snd 
Edward L the king disoeming his great losses 
in Oas co i gne,) he waa sent to Rodtdph, King 
of Ahnalne, to make a league with him i 
and the seme year, upon the arrival of the 
cardinals to treat of pcafCe between King 
Edward and the King of Fiance, he readily 
an sw e red their proposels in the French 
tongue. Furthermore, in anno 106, King 
Edward entered Scothmd with a powerftil 
armyt he brought thither to him no less than 
five hundred horse, and a thousand foot, 
besides a multitude of Welsh and Irish. 
After whidi, the same year, being sent am- 
bMsador into that realm, he was solemnly 
met by the king end nobles} and after much 
dispute, brought them to such an accord, 
that they totally submitted themselves to 
the pleesure of King Edward. Also upon 
that Tcb^on, which again broke out there 
the -next year following, (at which time they 



used great cruelties to the BngHsh,) he was 
Vgain sent tMthir to Inquire the truth, and 
to advertise the Ung thereol And in the 
nth of Edward L waa vgain aent into Scot- 
land, with certain forces, at which thne he 
aasanUad the caatle of DuMon, and took It. 
And tawtly, hi aaM of Edward L bataig with 
the Earl of Lincoln, and aoeoe other Wahope, 
sent to Rome, to prasent dlveia vceeeb of 
pure gtdd from King Edward to the Pope, 
his Holyncss teking eapedal notice of his 
courtly bdiavkmrand magnanimity of spirit, 
advanced him to the title of Patbiabcb op 
JsavaALBM.** 

** Amongst other wwks of this great pr»> 
late, (continues Dugdale,) he founded the 
oollegiste churches of Chester and Langcee- 
tar, as also the collegiate chappel at Bishops- 
Aukland, all in the ooonty palatine of Dur- 
ham. Moreover, it is reported that no man 
in an the realm, except the king, did equal 
him for habit, behavtovr and military pomp, 
and that he waa more versed in state afluirs 
than in eodeslaatlcal duties t ever eeebting 
the king moet powerftilly in his wavsi hav- 
ing sometimes In Scotland, twanty-elx stan- 
dard bearers, and of his ordinary retinue^ 
an hundred and forty kni|^tsi so that he 
was thought to be rather a temporal prince 
than a priest or Mshopi and lastly, that he 
died <m ard of March, 1810, and was buried 
above the Hiob Altab in his cathedral of 
Durham.** This prelate was the first bisbop 
that presumed to lie in the church, on ao> 
count of the interment of the holy St Cuth- 
bert, and so superstitious were they In those 
days, that they dared not bring in the re^ 
mains at the doon, bat bn^e a hole In the 
wall, to eoaytj them in at the end of the 
chufdi, which breach is said to be stUl visl- 
btab 
Thomaa, Biehop of St. David's. 
The ddest son, 

JOHN BEKE, «. his fether in the feudal k>rd- 
ship of Eraiby, end waa summoned to parliament aa 
Babob Bbkb, op Ebbbby, on the 83rd of June, 
SOth of Septamber, end 8nd of November, 1385, and 
the 96th of August, 1390, having previously (4th of 
Edward I.) had license to make a castlMkf his manor 
house at Eresby. His lordship m. ■ , and had 

issue, 

Waltbb, his successor. 
Ahce, m. to Sir William da WUkraghby, Knt, 
end had issue, 

Robbbt Wilixiuobbt, who inherited, 
at the decease of his grand uncle, An- 
thony Beke, Bishop of Durham, the 
great poeeeesloni of that eminent pre- 
late, and wee sumnumed to parliament, 
temp. Edward II. as Loan Willovob- 
bt dm Ebbbby. (See that dignity in 
Burke^t Dfctionofy tf Me P^tragB and 



Margaret, m. to Sir RicheiddeHaroourt, Knt* 

ancestor of the Haroourts, Earls of Har- 

eourt. 

45 



BEL 



BEL 



Mary» d. unm. 
Lord Beke, dL in 1309, and was «. by hif KNif 

WALTER, Moond baron, but never lummoned 
to parUament; at whoae deoeaae without inue, the 
Barony or Bsks dx Eaksby fell into ABSvAircn, 
be t ween his two listen and oo-helrt, the ladies 
Willoughby and Haroourt, and so continues amongst 
thdr desoendanta. 

Anna— Oules, a cross moUne, ar. 

BECHE— BARONS LA BEOHE. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 85th February, 1342, 
I6EdwaidlIL 

ICineage. 

Of this fismily, Da la Bbchb, of Aldworth, in 
th^ county of Bucks, 

NICHOLAS DB LA BECHE was constituted 
Constable of the Tower ot London in the 9th of 
Edward III., and had a grant from the crown, in 
two yean afterwards, of the manor of Whitchurch, 
with other lands. About this period, too, he ob- 
tained license to encastrilate his houses at De La 
Beche, Beaumys, and WaUyington. He was sub- 
sequently distinguished in the wan in Brittany, 
mad was summoned to parliament, as a baron, on 
the S6th of February, 1S4SL In 1343 his lordship 
became scnesrtial of Oasoony, and the next year was 
constituted one of the commissionen to treat with 
Alphonsus, king of Castile, touching a marriage 
between the ddest son of that monarch and Joane, 
daughter of the Idng ot England. 

Lord De La Beche died in 1347» and leaving no. 
issue, the barony expired, but the estates passed 
to the sisten of John de la Beche, who died nineteen 
yean previously, and is supposed to have been the 
elder brother of the baron ; consequenUy the oo- 
heiresses were his lordship's sisten Ixkewisei Of 
those ladies, 

Joane, the dder, m. flnt. Sir Andrew Sack- 
ville, and secondly. Sir Thomas Langfind. 
— ^ nv Robert Danvi 



Arms— Vairde ar. andguka. 

BELASYSE -- BARONS FAUOON. 
BERG, OF VARUM, IN 
THE COUNTY OF YORK. 
VISCOUNTS FAUCON- 
"BERG, OF HENKNOWLE, 
IN THE COUNTY OF DUR- 
HAM. 

EARLS OF FAUCON- 
BERG. 



Barony 

Viscounty 

Earldom, 



m, J 



Letten 
Patent, 



dated S5th May, UI27. 
dated 3Ist Jan., 1643. 
dated first, 9th AprU, 

1689; second, Iffth 

June, 1774. 



ICiiuage. 

This eminent Nonnan family deduced an unin- 
terrupted descent from 

BELASIUS, one of the commanden in the army 
of the Conqueror, distinguLdied for having sup- 
46 



pwsaed the adherents of Edgar EthUng, in the Isle 
of Ely, whence the spot where he had pitched liis 
camp was named Bdasius Hill, now known by the 
corrupted designation of Belsar's HilJ. The son of 
this gallant soldier, 

ROWLAND, marrying Elgiva, daughter and 
heiress of lUlph de Belasyse, of Bdasyae, tn the 
county of Durham, assumed, upon sucoeding to the 
inheritance of his wife, the surqame of ** Bdasyse, 
of Belasyse^** and his desoaadants ever afterwards 
adhered to the same designation, although the 
spdling has frequently varied. The great-grandson 
of this Rowland Brtasyse, 

SIR ROWLAND BELASYSE attained the ho- 
nour of knighthood by his gallant bearing at the 
bettle of Lewes, in the 48th of Henry IIL Sir Row- 
land m. Mary, daughter and heiraai ai Heory 
Spring, Lord of Howton-le^pring, in the bishopric 
of Durham, by whom he acquired a considerable 
accession ot property, and was «. by his son, 

SIR ROGER BELASYSE, Knt., who m. Joan, 
daughter of Sir Robert Harbottlc!, Knt, and had 
issue— 

Robbrt, his suoaetsor. 

John, m. to Mary, daughter of Robert Ber- 
tram, Esq. 
Elisabeth, m. to Thomas Madison, Esq., of 
Unthank HalL 
Sir Roger was «. by his dder son, 

SIR ROBERT BELASYSE, lirom whom Une* 
ally descended, 

WILLIAM BELASYSE, Esq., tfBehu^M, who 
m. fint, Cecily, daughter and heiress of William 
Hottou, Esq., and had issue— 
RicHAiin, his successor. 
Anthony, LL.D., master in Chancery in 1545, 
when he waa (me of the ftwr especially ap- 
pointed to hear causes, and pass decrees In 
the Court of Chancery, in the absence of the 
lord chancellor. Sir Thomas Wriothesley. 
And in the rrign of Edward YL, being 
written Anthony Bdasis, Esq., was one of 
the king's council in the north. On the dis- 
solution of the monasteries he obtained 
from the crown a grant of Newborough 
Abbey, in the county of York, which htf 
afterwards gave to his nephew. Sir William 
Bdasyse. 
Elisabeth, m. to William Clervaux, of Crofts, 
in the county of York. 

Margaret, m. to Minshull, Esq. 

Anne, m. to Anthony Smith, Esq., of Kalton. 
Mr. Bdasyse m. secondly, Jane, daughter of 
Thomas Tipping, Esq., but had no issue by that 
lady. He was «. by his son, 

RICHARD BELASYSE, Esq., who was consti- 
tuted constable of Durham for life, to officiate in 
person, or by deputy. He m. Margaret, daughter 
and heiress of Richard Errington, Esq., of Cockley, 
in the county of Northumberland, and dying in the 
30th of Henry YIIL, was «. by his son, (then in 
minority,) 

SIR WILLIAM BELASYSE, Knt, who served 
the office of sheriff for Yorkshire in the 17th year of 
Elisabeth. He m. Margaret, daughter of Sir Nicho- 
las FairCsx, of Malum* in the county of York, and 



BEL 



BEL 



dytegMaiiMVM0ida«», lath April, 16M, wm«. by 
liii ddflit Mill* 

SIR HENRY BKLASYSE, of Newbonmgh. in 
tb* oouatry of Yotk, wbo, hsTing reodveil the 
boBoor of knighthood tram King Jamei I., at York* 
in Ills nu^erty's Joarney to London, 17th April, 
1003, «M ccmtod a BABoirar upon die imtitutioo of 
that dignity, on the 89th June, MIL Sir Henry m. 
Umila, daughter of Sir Thomae Fairfbx, of Den- 
ton* in the county of York, and had l ei u e 
THOiiAa, hie eucoeMor. 
Dorothy* m. to Sir Conyeie Dscf* Kat.* of 

Hornby* 
Mary. ». to Sir William Lerter. Kat* of 
ThantoB, in the county of York. 

Ho was ju at his deoeaee by hie ton, 

SIR THOMAS BBLASYSE, lacond baronet, 6. 
in 15S7> and adTanced to the peerage by the title of 
Raaoir Faccombxro, «f Yerum* in th$ eovniy nf 
Ym'k, on the 2Sth May. 1087. His lordship, ad- 
iMring ftithfuny to the fortunes of King Charles I., 
vas created* on the 31st of January, 1649, Viscoumt 
FADCoxBsao, of Hcnknowle, in the county pa]»> 
tine of Durham. His lordship was subsequently at 
the siege of York, and at the battle of Marston 
Moor* under the Duke of Newcastle, with whom he 
fled to the continent after that uufortunate defeat. 
He M. Barbara, daughter of Sir Henry Cholmood- 
ley. Baronet, of Roxby, in the county of York* and 



Thomas, m.' Marie Louise 
de ManevlUe, and had 
flre daughters. 



« M.P. for the county of York; of 

whom Cfanendoo writes t-^** Harry Belesis, 
with the Lord Fairfbx, the two knights who 
red in parliament for Yorkshire, signed 
for a neutrality for that county, 
rly allied together, and of great 
till their ^sereral opinions and 
aflbctions had divided them in this quarrel; 
the Lord FalrCsx adhering to the parlia- 
ment, and the other, with great courage and 
soinlety, to the king." Mr. Belasyse m. 
Grace, daughter and heiress of Sir Thomas 
Barron, of Smithdls, in the county of Lan- 
r, and dying In the lifo-time of his fo< 
I, left issue, 

Thovab, Bucoenor to his graadfother. 
Henry, d. unmarried. 
Rowland, (Sir) K.B., m. Anne, eldest 
daughter and sole heiress of J. Daven- 
port, Esq., of Sutton, in the county of 
Chester, and dying in 1009, left 

TBOMAa, who «. as third Viscount 

Fauconbeig. 
Henry, d, unmarried. 
John, died «. p. 

Rowland, m. Frances, daughter of 

Christopher, Lord Teynham, by 

whom he had, with other issue, 

Anthony, who m. Susannah, 

daughter ot John Clarvet, 

Esq., and had issue— 

RowukNO, who «. as sixth 

viscount 
Charles, D.D., of Sor- 
bonne. who«. as seventh 
viscount. 



Barbara. 
Once, m, to Goorge* Visoovnt Castle- 
town, in Irdand. 
Frances, m. to Sir Henry Jones, of Aston, 
in the county of Oxford, Knt., of 
which marriage there was an only 
daughter and heiress, 

FaAircKB, m. to Richard, Earl of 
Scarboraugh. 
Arabdh^ m. to Sir WiUam Frankland, 
Bart, of Thirklaby, in the county of 
York. 
Barbara, m. firrt, to Walter StricUand, 
Esq., son of Sir Robert Strickland, of 
Slaaigfa, and secondly, to Sir Marmadnk 
Dalton, of Httxw^, Yorkshiin. 
John, ne a ta i l Loud BaLAaTsn, q^ IFerMy 

<see that di«nity>. 
Margaret* m. to Sir Edward Osbom, of KiT^ 



Mary, m. to John, Lord Darcy, of Aston. 
Barbara, ta. to Sir Henry SUngsby, Bart, of 

Scriven, in the county of York, who was 

put to death under Cromwd^s usurpatton, 

and died, as he said on the scaflbld, for 

being an honest man. 
Ursula, m. to Sir Walter Vavasor, of Haela- 

wood, Bart 
Fiances, m. to Thomas Ingram, Esq., ddest 

son of Sir Arthur Ingram, of Temple New- 

som, Yorkshire. 
His lordship d, in IdSS, and was «. by his grand- 
son, 

THOMAS BELASYSE, second visnwiU, who ai. 
first, Mildred, daughter of Nicholas, Viscount Caa- 
UetoD, by whom be had no issue; and secondly, on 
the 18th of November, 1607, at Hampton Court, 
Mary, daughter of the protector CromwelL Of tMs 
nobleman Lord Clarendon gives the following a^ 
count :»«< After Cromwell was declared protector, 
and in great power, he married his daughter to the 
Lord Fauconberg, the owner of a very great estate 
in Yorkshire, and descended of a family eminently 
loyaL There were many reasons to believe that 
this young gentleman, being then about three or 
four>and-twenty yean of age, of great vigour and 
ambition, had many good purposes that he thought 
that alliance might qualify and enable him to per- 
form. His marriage was celebrated at Whitehall 
(Wood has given the time at Hampton Court,) with 
all Imaginable pomp' and lustre. And it was ob- 
served, that, though it was performed in public, 
according to the rites and ceremonies then in use, 
they were presently afterwards, in private, married 
by ministers ordained by bishops, and according to 
the form in the book of Common Prayer, and this 
with the privity of CromweU." In 1607> his lord- 
ship was m^e one ot the council of state, and sent 
the next year, by his father-in-law, with a compli- 
mentary message to the court of Versailles. This 
was the only employment Lord Fauconberg had 
under the usurper i for, as the noble author before 

47 



BEh 



BEL 



mentioned relates, "his domestic delights were 
lessened every day ; he plainly discovered that his 
son Fauconberg's heart was set, upon an interest 
destructive to his, and grew to hate him perfectly." 
Of Lady Fauconberg, Burnet writes :— <** She was a 
wise and worthy woman, more likely to have main- 
tained the post (of protector) than rither of her 
brothcrsi aoco^lin|^ to a saying that went of her, 
that <AoM who toore breechet deterved petticoats bet- 
ter I but if ^ose in petticoat* had been in breeehea, 
they would have held faeter.** That his lordship 
forwarded the restoration, is evident from his being 
appointed, by the restored monarch, in IGOO, lord- 
lieutenant of the bishopric of Durham, and in the 
same year, lord-lieutenant and custos rotulorum ctf 
the North Riding of Yorkshire. He was soon 
afterwards accredited ambassador to the state of 
Venice and the princes of Italy, and nominated 
captain of the band of gentleman pensioners. In 
16^, Lord Fauconberg was sworn of the privy 
council t and again, in 16a9> uptm the accession of 
King William and Queen Mary, when his lordship 
was created Eari< Fauconbbro, by letters patent, 
dated on the 9th of April, in that year. He dL on 
tlie dlst December, 1700, and leaving no issue, the 
BABX.DOM RXPiaxD, While his other honours re- 
verted to his nephew (refer to Sir Rowland Bela- 
syse, K.B., third son of the first lord), 

THOMAS BELASYSE, Esq., as third Viscount 
Fauconberg. His lordship m. Bridget, daughter of 
Sir John Gage, of Flrle, in the county <tf Sussex, 
Bart, and co-heiress of her mother, who was 
daughter of Thomas Middlesmore, Esq. of Egbas- 
ton, in the county of Warwick, by whom he had 
surviving issue* 

Thomas, his successor. 

Rowland. 

Mary, m. 9th April, 1721, to John Pitt, Esq. 
third son of Thomas Pitt, Esq., governor ot 
Fort St George. 
And two other daughters, both of whom d. un- 
married. His lordship d, S6th November* 1718, and 
was «. by his elder son, 

THOMAS, fourth Viscount, who was created 
Eaiu. FAUcoirBBao,of Newborough, in the county 
of York, on the 15th June, 1796. His lordship m. 
in 1796, Catherine, daughter and heiress of John 
Betham, Esq., of Rowingtou, in the county of 
Warwick, and co-heiress of WUl^un Fowler, Esq., 
of St Thomas, in the county of Siaflbrd, by whom 
he had surviving issue, 

HaKBY, his successor. 

Barbara, m. in 1758, to the Hon. George Bame- 

"^ wall, only brother of Henry Benedict, Vis- 
count Kingsland. 

Mary, m. in 1776, to Thomas Eryre, Esq., of 
Hassqp, in the county of Derby. 

Ann^, M. in 1761, to the Hon. Frands Talbot, 
brother ck George, fourteenth Earl of 
Shrewsbury. 
His lordship, who oonfonned to the estabUshed 
churdi, died 4th FMiruary, 1774, and wm «. by his ' 



HENRY BELASYSE, second earL His lord- 
ship IN. first, in 1766, Charlotte, daughter of Sir 
Matthew Lambk of Brocket Hall, in the county of 
48 



Hertford, Bart, and had four daughters, his co- 
heirs: vis.-~ 

Charlotte, nu to Thomas Edward Wynn, Esq., 
third son of Colonel Glynn Wynn, who 
assimied the surname and arms of Bbla- 
SY8K, in addition to his own. 
Anne, m. to Sir George Wombwell, Bart 
Elisabeth, m. in 1789, to Bernard Howard, Esq., 
(present Duke of Norfolk,) from whom she 
was divorced in 1794» when she re-married 
the Earl of Lucan. 
Harriot 
The earl m. secondly. Miss Chesshyre, but had no 
issue. He dL 23rd March, 1808, when the Earldom 
became bxtinct, but the other honours devolved * 
upon his kinsman (refer to descendants of the 
Hon. Henry Belasyse, eldest son ctf Sir Thomas 
Belasyse, the first Viscount). 

ROWLAND BELASYSE, as 6th Viscount, who 
died «. p, in 1810, and was «. by his brother, «^ 

The REV. CHARLES BELASYSE, D.D., of 
the Roman Catholic Church, as seventh Viscount, 
at whose decease, in 1815, the Barony and Viscounty 
of Fauconberg, became bxtinct. 

Arm^. — Quarterly, first and fourth, ar. a Chev. 
gu. between three fleurs-de-lis, as.t second and 
third, ar. a pale ingrailed between two pallets 
plain, sa. 

BELASYSE — BARONS BELASYSE, 
OF WORLABY, IN THE 
COUNTY OF LINCOLN. 

By Letters Patent, dated STth January, 1644, 
90 Charles L 

ICincagc. 

THE HON. JOHN BELASYSE, second son of 
Thomas, first Viscount Fauconberg, having distin- 
guished himself as one of the gallant leaders of the 
royal army during the civil wan, was elevated to 
the peerage on the 27th January, 1644, as Lord Bb- 
LAavsB, i^f Woriaby, in the county uf lAneeln, At 
the commencement of the rebellion, this eminent 
person arrayed six regiments of horse and foot un- 
der the royal banner, and had a principal command 
at the battles of Edge-Hill, Newbury, and Knaresby, 
and at the sieges of Reading and Bristol ; and being 
appointed, subsequently, governor of York, and com- 
mander-in-chief of the king's forces in Yorkshire, 
he fought the battle of Selby with Lord Fairfax. 
His lordship being lieutenant-general of the counties 
of Lincoln, Nottingham, Derby, and Rutland, and 
governor of Newark, vaUantly defended that garri- 
son against the Ehiglish and Scotch armies, uflHl his 
m^esty came in person, and ordered it to surrender ; 
at which time he had also the honour oi being gene- 
ral ot the king's horse-guards. In all those arduous 
services. General Belasyse deported himself with 
distinguished courage and conduct, was frequently 
wounded, and thrice incarcerated in the Tower of 
London. At the restoration of the monarchy, his 
lordship was made lord lieutenant of the east riding 
of the county of York, governor of Hull, general of 
his miO*>ty's forces in AMca, governor of Tangier, 
and captain of the king's guards of gentlemen pen- 
sioners. In the reigB of King James II., Lord Bda- 



BEN 



B£R 



tyse WW Hxtt lord of the trawuiy. His lordship m. 

fint, Jane^ daughter and sola bdtaas of Sir Robert 

Boteler, Knt, of Woodhall. in the county of Hert> 

fi>rd, by- wtaomhehadiflsuo-^ 

Hkitby (Sir) K.B., wlio m. fiitt, Rogeraa, 
daughter and co-heir (with her sister Eli- 
aalwth. Duchess of Richmond and Lenox) of 
Richard Rogers, Esq., of Brianston, in the 
county of Dorset, by wlioni he had no issue; 
and secondly, Susan, daughter and oo-heiress 
of Sir William Armine, of Osgodby, in the 
county of Lincoln, (which lady was created 
Barojcbss BSLA8T8B, tot her own life, 
after the decease of her husband,) by whom 
he left, at his de ceas e in 1068, an only 



HnxBT, of whom presently, as second 
Lono Bblabybb. 
Mary, m. to Robert, Viscount Dunbar, of 
^ Scotland. 

Lord Belasyse m. secondly, Anne,* daughter and oo- 
heireaa of Sir Robert Crane, of Chilton, in the 
cuonty of Sullbik; and thirdly, Anne, daughter 
of Jolin, fifth Marquess of WindieBter, tiy whom he 
had several children, of whidi the following alone 
survived inlkncy— 

Monora, m. to George Lord Abergayemiy, and 

died «. p. 
Barbara, m. to Sir John Webb, Bart, of Old- 

stocJL, in the county of Wilts. 
Katherine, m. to John Talbot, Esq., of Long- 
ford. 
Isabella, m. to Thomas Stoner, Esq., of Sto- 
ner, in the county of Oxfinrd, and died #. p, 
failTW. 
His lordship 4. in 1080, and was «. by his grand- 



HENRY BELASY5E. second baron, who mar- 
ried Anne, daughter of Francis, son and heir of 
Robert Brudenel, Earl of Cardigan ; but dying in 
1088, without issue, the bakoity ov Bblasybb 
brrame bxtiitct, while the estates reverted to his 
lordsiiSp^s aunts by the half blood, as co-heiresses. 

Arms— Arg. a chevron gu. between three fleurs-de- 
lis, with due diSfarence; 

BENSON — BARON BINOLEY. 

By Letters Patent, dated 2lst July. 1719^ 

ROBERT BENSON, Esq., M. P. form city of 
Yoflc, son of Robert Bensifn, Esq., of Wrenthom, 
in the county of York, by Dorothy, daughter of 
ToUas Jhkins, Esq., I^jjliig filled the oflices of 
oommjasioner, and chancellor, and under treasurer 
of the esdiequa, was ^vated to the peerage, as 
Babow B1B01.BY, on the 91st July, 1713> His 
knrddiip was subsequently ambassador to the court 
of Madrid. He m. EUxabeth, elder daughter of 
Heneage Finch, first Earl of Aylesford, and had an 
only daughter and hdress, 

Harriot, whom. George Fox Lane, Esq., M.P. 
tor the dty of York, who was created Lobi> 
BtMOLKY, in 1772 (see tliat title). 
His lordship^ d, 9th April, 1730, and thus leaving no 

ly of BrNoi<BY, became ex- 




tinct, while one hundred thousand pounds, and 
seven thousand pounds a year, devolved upon his 
dau^ter, with the fine seat of Bnunham Fark« 
erected by the deceased lord. 

Abmb.— Arg. three trefoils in bend saootested 
gules. 

BENHALE— BARON BENHALE. 

By Writ of Summons, 3rd April, 1980, 
94 Edward II L 

ICincagc 

ROBERT DE BENHALE, a soldier of dbtino- 
tion in the expedition made into France, in the 
loth year of Edward III., and again in two years 
afterwards, in the expedition made Into Flanders, 
was summoned to parliament as Barok Bbniiai.b, 
on the 9rd April, 1960, but never subsequently, 
and nothing further is known of his lordship, or Ida 



BERKELEY — VISCOUNT BERKE- 
LEY, EARL OF NOTTINO- 
HAM, AND MARQUESS OF 
BERKELEY. 

VT^' \ byLette™ fJSSf'^'lSl' 
Earldom J- p^Un^^d^jed 1 »* «'«»«' ^^* 
MarquiMte, ) f. 1488. 

Xincagc. 

The family of Berkdey, established In Eni^and at 
the Norman conquest, was founded by a leading 
chief in the conqueror's army, named 

ROGER, who U styled, in the SOth year of Wil- 
liam's reign, " Roobrus sbniob db Bbrkblk,*' 
flrom the pos se ssion of Bbrkblbv Cabtlb, in th^ 
county of Gloucester. This Roger bestowed sever^ 
churches upon the priory of Stanley, with the tithes 
and lands thereunto belonging, and being shorn a 
monk there, in 1091, restored the lordship of Shote- 
shore, which he had long detained firom that convent. 
He was «. at his decease by his nephew, 

WILLIAM DE BERKELEY, second finidal 
lord of Berkeley Castle, who was «. by his son, 

ROGER DE BERKELEY. This nobleman, 
adhering to the Empress Maud, *' undcrwoit (says 
Dugdale,) a very hard fkte, through the perfidious* 
ness and cruelty of Walter, brother to Milo, Earl of 
Hereford, his seeming friend, (and kinsman by con- 
sanguinity,) being treacherously seised on, stripped 
naked, exposed to scorn, put into fetters, and thrice 
drawn by a rope about his neck, on a gallows, at his 
own castle gates, with threats, that if he would not 
deliver up that his castle to the earl, he should suf- 
fer a miserable death: and when he was, by this 
barbarous usage, almost dead, carried to prison, 
there to endure fkirther tortures.** This feudal 
baron was «. by his son, 

ROGER DE BERKELEY, the Ust of the orl. 
ginal femily of Berkdey, of Berkeley Castle, whose 
daughter sod heiress, Alice, at the instigation of 
King Henry II., espoused 

MAURICE DE BERKELEY, (son of Robert 

Pitahardinge, upon whom had been conferred, tor 

his attachment to the Empress Maud, the lordship 

of Berkeley and Berkeley Harness, the confiscated 

H 40 



B£R 



BER 



ofthe Abore KogK, tht adhaKnt of 
Ktaif Stephen t but, to reeoncUe the parties, Klog 
Henry, who bed netored to Roger hii numor end 
cMtle of Durdey, cauied an agreement to be oon- 
tiuded between them, that the heireia of the oiuted 
knrd ihould be given in marriage to the heir of the 
new baron I and thua paned the feudal caatle of 
Berkelef to another chief,) which Robert de Berke- 
ley became feudal Lord of Berkdej upon the deceaae 
of his brother Henry, and dying in 1189, left fix 
sona, and was «. by the eldest, 

ROBERT DB BERKELEY, who. In the turbu- 
lent times of King John, forfeited his castle and 
lands by hia participation in the rebdHous proceed- 
ings of the barons, but upon submission, and paying 
a flne of nine hundred and slxty-Uve pounds, and 
one mtuk, had all l e sto ie d save the castle and town 
of Berkeley, in the flrst year of Henry HI. This 
nobleman, who had been a munlfleent benefector to 
the church, died t. p, in 1219, and waa «. by his 
brother, 

THOMAS DE BERKELEY, who. in the 8th of 
Henry III., upon giving his two nephews as pledges 
for his fldeUty, had restitutian of Berkeley Castle. 
His lordship m. Joane, daughter of Ralph de 
Somery, Lord of Campden, in the county of Glou- 
cester, and niece of William Manhal, Earl of Pem- 
broke, and dying in 1943, was «. by his eldest son, 

MAURICE DE BERKELEY, who d. in 1881, 
and was «. by his son, 

THOMAS DE BERKELEY, who was summoned 
to parliament as a babom, Arom the 83rd June, 1895, 
to the 15th May, 1321. This nobleman was of great 
eminence in the reigns of Edward I. and Edward II., 
being in the French* Welsh, and Scottish wars of 
those periods, particularly at the celebrated si^ge of 
KAxnLATKEocK. He was involved, however, at the 
dose of his life^ in the treason of Thomas, Bar! of 
Lancaster. His kurdship m. Jane, daughter of Wil- 
liam de Ferrers, Earl of Derliy, and dying in 1321, 
was «. by his son, 

MAURICE DE BERKELEY, second baron, 
firom whom we pass to 

THOMAS, X/M Lofti Berkeley, who m. Margaret, 
daui^ter and heiress of Gerard Warren, Lord Lisle, 
by whom he left an only child, 

Eliaabeth,* m. to Ridiard Beauchamp, Earl 
of Warwick, and had three daughters, vis. 

* According to the usual descents of baronies in 
fee, (says Mr. Nicolas, in a note to his Synapeis,) 
the Baboxt ot BanKu.sY, created by writ of sum- 
mom of the 83d Edward I. devolved on the said 
Eliabeth, daughter and heir of Thomas, Lord 
Berkeley, instead of the heir malei but whether this 
anomaly arose tnaa an idea then prevailing, that 
the tenure of the CAaTi.n ov BBRKSLnv conferred 
the barony, or that the heir male had the greatest 
political influence, cannot now, perhaps, be ascer- 
tained i the inference which may be drawn from the 
relative altuations of the husband of the said Elian- 
beth, who was one of the most powerful noblemen 
of the time, and that ot James Berkeley, who suc- 
ceeded to the Barony, is, that the tenure of Bkekk- 
C.SY Cabtls was thA considered to confer the dig- 
nity of Baron on Its poeseeeor, and coaeeqnently. 



1. Maigaiet, m. to John Talbot, fliat Earl 
<rf Shrewsbury (his Ibrdship^s second 
wife). 

8. Alienor, m. first, to Thomas, Lord Ross, 
and secondly, to Edward, Duke of 



& EUaabeth, m. to George NevOl, Lord 



His lordship d. on the 13th July, 1416, and thus 
leaving no male issue, his nephew, 

JAMES BERKELEY, became his heiri and In- 
heriting, by virtue of a special entail and fine, the 
castle and lordship of BnnKBi.nY, with other lord- 
ships in the said flne specified, was summoned to 
parliament fttnn the 9th of October, 1421, to 8Sd 

May, 1461. His lordship m. flrst, » daughter 

of Humphrey Stallbrd. ot Hooke, in the county ot 
Dorset, by whom he had no issue; and secondly, 
Isabd, widow of Henry,, son and heir of William, 
Lord Ferrers, of Groby, and second daughter and 
co-heir of Thomas Mowbray, flrst Duke of Norfolk, 
Earl Manhal of England, by EUmbeth, his wife, 
eldest sister and co-heiress of Thomas Fita-Alan, 
Etfl of Arundel, by whom he had iasuc;, 

WiifLiAM, his successor. 

Maurice, successor to the berony at the decease 
of his brother. 

James, killed in France. 

Thomae, ftom whom descended the Berkleys 
of Worcestershire and Herefordshire. 

EUaAbeth, m. to Thomas Burdett, Esq.. of 
Arrow, in the county of Warwick. 

Isabel, m. to Thomas Trye, Esq., of Haidwick, 
in the county of Gloucester. 

Alice, m. to Richard Arthur, Esq., of Clap- 
ham, in the county of Somerset. 
His lordship m. thirdly, Joan, daughter of John 
Talbot, flrst Earl of Shrewsbury, whldi lady, after 
his decease, m. Edmund Hunger f o r d, Esq. Lord 
Berkeley rf. in 1463, and was «. by his ddest son, 

SIR WILLIAM DE BERKELEY, Knt., Baron 
Berkeley, who had been, when a boy, in the retinue 
of Henry Beaufort, Cardinal Bishop of Winchester. 
This nobleman having a dispute with Thomes Tal- 
bot, Viscount Lisle, regarding some landed pro- 
perty, the contest ran so high, that they encountered 
with their respective feilowers at Wotton-under- 
Edge, in 1469, when Lord Lisle was mortally 
wounded by an arrow shot through his mouth. 
In the next year, when the Duke of Clarence and 
the Earl of Warwick took up arms against the 
king, we And Lord Berkeley commanded, with 
Maurice Berkdey, of Beverstone, to muster and 
array all fitting to bear arms in the county^ Gkni- 



that the said James was allowed that dignity as his 
right, rather than by favour of the crown. If, how- 
ever, modem decisions may be applied to the sub- 
ject, the Barony of Berkdey, creeled by the writ of 
the 83d Edward I. is now in abkyanck between 
the descendants and representatives of Qie three 
daughters and co-heirs of EUaabeth, Countess of 
Warwick, above mentioned i and the barony merged 
in the p re s en t Earldom of Berkeley, is the new 
one created by the writ of the 9di of Henry V. to 
Jamti Berkeley. 



r{ md Mgraata M^Hd ImmI Ktaif Edward IV. 
tot hki Inrdihip, that he created him YiacovNT 
BKUMMhmr, on the flirt of April, 1481* with a grant 
of one hundred marks per annum, pajaMeout of 
theciMloaMorthaportor BfiBtd, fbr Mbl The 
vigeount wai advanoed to the Eabldov ov Nov- 
TTvoiEAN, {% dignity eqjoyed fey hie anoerton, the 
Mowtesya,) by King Richaid IIL, on the IMi of 
Jane. I4ni hot hit kardihip aftarwafda eqMMnlng 
theoHueofthaEariofRidunondfUponthe aceei- 
of that BoMeman tothe throne, aa Henry VII., 
ooortltated Bam. Mabbhal ov Eiv«laiii>, 
with limltalion of that greatofflce to the heira male 
of Ma bodyi and ciaated on the IMi of January, 
liWiW, M Angintaa or BsBKBi.aT. His lordship 
at. flart, Eliaabath, dao^tarof R^ghmld Weit, Lord 
de in Wane, fkom whom he was diTorced without 
haTing Issue; secondly, Jane, widow of Sir WiUlam 
wmrwighhy, Rnc, and daughter of Sir Thomas 
Straasewaya, Knt., by whom he had twosons, who 
died young I and thirdly, Ame, dan^Mer of J<rfm 
Ixml Deere, but had no issuer The Mar- 
I d. thus «. ^. OB the 14th ot February, ]491<8, 
vlHD aB the hoBKars acquired by hims^ became 
sxTf ircT, while the barony and castle of Berkeley, 
with his lordsUp^s other estates, should hare de- 
woived upon his brother Maurice, but for a settle* 
tDcnt made by the ilecsaied nobleman, who seems 
fto iMTe been ollteded with his brother ftnr marrying 
lowly, of the CABTLa ov BanKSLBT, upon King 
Hcvy VIL and the heirs male of that monardi's 
body, whidi castle and leads were thos alienated 
ontU the deoetwe of King Edward VI., the lart 
male deKsndent of Henry VII., when they returned 
to the house of Berkley, and hare stDoe 
Joyed by that noMe fionily.* 



• The dispute between Viscount Lisle, and Wit- 
Bam Lord Borkeiey, Is thus mentioned by Dugdale: 
— '• But it was not long after, ere this Viscount 
L'Isle arrived at his fulLage; and thirsting after the 
Castle of Berkeley, practised with one Thomes Holt, 
the keeper of Whitley ^ark, and one Maurice King, 
porter of thecastle, to betray it into his lunds; one 
Robert Veel, (the Viscount's engineer,) being Uke* 
wise aa actlye person in that destgn, glring bond to 
Maurice King in the summe of aa hundred pounds, 
that as soon as the work should be accomplished, he 
should be made keeper of Wotton Park, with the 
iseof Ave marks per annum during his lifb Bnt 
this plot being discovered by Maurice King, so 
Buidi pesplaxed the Visoooat L'Isle, that he Ibrth- 
wtth sent this Lord Berkeley a diallenge, 'reiiuiring 
him of knighthood end manhood, to appoint a day, 
and to meet Urn half way, to try their quarrel and 
title, CO esdMw the shwiding of Chrirtian blood ; or 
to being the saoM day the utmoet of his power.' 
TMs letter of challenge, under the head of that 
Vteount, WM seat 19th MartU, 10th Edward IV., 
be be^ thea not Mi twenty-two yeers of age, 
havteg eaed out his Hvcvy upon the 14th July be- 
fofet aad his wife then with diUd of her trrt bom. 
0nto which the Lord Berkeley returned this answer 
inwrltlag: via. 'thet he would not bring the tenth 
asan he could make; and bid him to meet on the 
F, at Nybley Gresn, by eight or nine of the 



in drief • ead ftnir in 



pattde^eis 



BERKBLEY— BARONS BERKELEY, 
OF 8TRATTON. 

By Lettan Palant, dated iMi May, MML 

XhlCB^* 
Descended ftom the BABOira Bbbkbi.bt, of 
Bbbkblb Y Castlb, was, 

SIR RICHARD BERKELEY, Kat, of Sloka- 
Giflbrd, in the county of GlottceBter, who died in 
1514, leaving Issue by his wife^ EBaabeth, daughter 
of Sir Humphrey Cooingiby, KnL, two ionst 
namely. Sir John Bcrkdey, of 8toka4}iflbtd» aa- 
ccstor to Lord Botetott, and 

SIR MAURICE BERKELEY, K.a, of Bruton, 
in the county of Somerset, staadaid-bearer to King 
Henry VIII. aad Edward VL. aad to Queea EUbb. 
beth. Of thisgaBtlemaa It is meathmed, that, in 
the first year of Queea Mary, iMiag casuaUy oa 
London, he met with Sir Thonm Wiat at Temple 
Bar, and persuading him to yield himsdf to the 
queen. Sir ThonuM took his advioo^ aad, mounting 
behind Sir Maurice, rode to the court Sir Maurice 
Berkeley in. first, Catherine, dawghfir of William 
Blount, Lord Moun^oy, tad had issue two scas^ 
Henry and Edward, uid Ibur daughters, via«— 
Gertrude, m, to Edward Home, Esq. 
Elisabeth, m. to James Perdvsl, of Weeton 

Gordon, Esq., in the county of Somennt. 
Anne, m. to Nicholas Poynlngs, Esq., of ^d- 

derley. 
Frances, d. unmarried. 
Sir Maurice m. secondly, BHaabeth, daogliter 
of Anthony Sands, Esq., by whom he had two sone 
and a daughter. He was c at Ms rtecaeee by his 
ddestsoB, 

SIR HENRY BERKELEY. Knt.. who wm 
«. by his ddmt ion. 

SIR MAURICE BERKELEY, who received 
the honour of knighthood tnm the Earl of Essex, 
while serving under that nobleman in the expedition 
to Calais, anno laom. Sir Maurice m. Ellmbeth, 
dsttghterof Sir Henry KUUgrew, of Hanworth, in 
the county of Middleux. aad had isMi^ five sone 
and two daughters; vis.— 

1. CMABI.BB, who recdved the honour of 
knighthood at Bewley, in 1683, and, bdng 
eminently loyal to King Charles I., wm 
sworn of the privy council upon the re- 
storation of the monarchy, and appointed 
firrt, comptroller, aad then treasurer, of the 
household. Sir Charim m. Pendope, dau|^ 
ter of Sir WiDlam Godolphin, of Godol- 
phin, in the county of Cornwall. Knt.. end 
had issue- 
Maurice, created a baroaet fld July, 1680, 
su cces sor to the viscounty of Fitshar- 
dinge, Arc at the decease of his fh- 
theri but died «.jK 

tHogk, whkh standeth (sdth he) on the borders of 
the Llvdode that thou keepert untruly ttom ma.' 
Whereupon, they accordingly met, and the Viscount 
L'lsWi viaor being up, he wm slain by an arrow 
shot through his head.** 

51 



BER 



BER 



Chari^ks, who for his fidelity to King 
Charles II. during his majesty's exile« 
and other eminent senrioes, was created 
a peer of Ireland, as Baron Berkeleif, qf 
Hathdown, and Viscount Fitzhar- 
DiNOK, with remainder to his fither, 
and his issue male; and a peer of Eng- 
land, on the 17th March, 1664, by the 
titles of Baron Botetort, of Langport, 
in the countjf t^f Somerset, and Earl of 
Falmouth. His lordship m. Elizabeth, 
daughter of Colonel Hervey Bagot, 
second son of Sir Henry Bagot, Bart., 
of Blithfield, in the county of Staf- 
ford, by whom he had an only dRugh- 

Mary, m. to Gilbert Cosyn Ger- 
rard, Esq., eldest son of Sir Gil- 
bert Gerrard, Bart., of Fesker- 
ton, in the county of Lincoln, 
ftom whom she was divorced in 
1684, and d. in 1693. 
Lord Falmouth feU in a naval engage- 
ment with the Dutch, 3d June, 1665, and 
his remains were honourably interred in 
Westminster Abbey. At the decease of 
his lordship, his English honours kx- 
piRRO, while those of Ireland reverted, 
according to the patent, to his father. 
Sir Charles Berkeley. 
William (Sir), governor of Portsmouth, 
and vicfr«dmiral of the white, killed at 
8eainl666. 
John, who succeeded his eldest bro- 
ther, as Viscount Fitzharoinor, 
was treasurer of the chamber, and one 
of the tellers of the exchequer, in the 

reign of Queen Anne He m. , 

daughter of Sir Edward Villiers, and 
sister to the Earl of Jersey, governess 
to his royal highness William Duke of 
Gloucester, and had issue— 

Mary, m. to Walter Chetwynd, Esq., 
of Ingeatre, in the county of Staf- 
ford, who was created, in 1717, Bar 
ron Rathdown and Viscount Chet- 
wynd, with the remainder to the 
heirs male of his father. 
Frances, m. to Sir Thomas Clarges, 
Bart. 
His lordship d, on the 19th of Decem- 
ber, 1712, and thus leaving ho male 
issue, the Irish Baronif qf Berkeley, 
and Viscounty of FiTSBARniNOR, 
became xxtinct. 
Sir Charles Berkeley, upon the decease of his 
second son, Charles, Earl of Falmouth, suc- 
ceeding to that nobleman's Irish honours, 
became Baron Berkeiey of Bathdown, and 
Viscount Fitzharoinor, of the kingdom 
of Ireland ; and dying 12th June, 1688, those 
honours descended to his eldest son. Sir 
Maurice Berkeley, Bart * 

S. Henry (Sir). 
a. Maurice (Sir), 
4. William (Sir). 



ft. Jolm (Sir), of whom presently^ 

1. Margaret* 

2. Jane. 
The youngest son, 

SIR JOHN BERKELEY, having a command 
in the army raised to march against the Soots, in 1698, 
received the honour of kni^thood from the King at 
Berwick, in the July of that year, and at the break- 
ing out of the rebellion, appearing in arms for his 
sovereign, was one of those very good officers, (as 
Lord Clarendon calls them,) who were ordered, with 
the Marquess of Hertford, to form an army in the 
west. But, before entering upon that duty, (in 
1642,) Sir John safdy conducted a supply of arms 
and ammunition from the queen into Holland. 
Soon after this, being constituted commissary- 
general, he marched into Cornwall at the head of 
about one hundred and twenty horse, and not only 
secured the whole of that county, but made incur- 
sions into Devonshire ; and being in Joint commission 
with Sir Ralph Hopton, obtained divers triumphs 
over the insurgents of those western shires in the 
several battles of Bradock, Saltash, Launceston, 
and Straiton, as also at Modbury, in the county 
of Devcm 1 subsequently investing Exeter, he re- 
duced that garrison, and gallantly repulsed the 
enemy's fleet, then at Topeham, under the com- 
mand of the Elarl of Warwick; when he was con- 
stituted governor of Exeter, and general of all his 
miOttty** forces in Devon. Sir John Berkeley 
stood so high in the estimation of the queen, that 
her majesty selected the city under his protection 
as the place of her accouchement, and was delivered, 
at Exeter, of the Princess Henrietta Maria; and 
writing to the king on the 13th March, 1644, she says, 
'* Farewell, my dear heart: behold the mark* 
which you desire to have, to know when I desire 
any thing in earnest. I pray begin to remember 
wlut I spoke to you c o n c erning Jacke Berkdey, 
for master of the wards." Exeter subsequently 
surrendered to Sir Thomas Fairfax, but its go- 
vernor obtained the most honourable terms for its 
inhabitants and garrison. Sir John Berkdey was 
afterwards employed with Mr. Ashbumham, in 
endeavouring to negociate terms for the unfortu- 
nate Charles ; and in a statement which he has given 
of the aflUr, attributes the ruin of the king to his 
miq>laced oonfldenoe, after his escape ftrom Hamp- 
ton Court, in Colonel Hammond, governor of the 
Isle of Wight, at the Instigation of Ashbumham, 
by whom Rapin is of opinion that Charles was 
betrayed; but Clarendon considers Ashbumham 
faithful, but outwitted by CromwelL During the 
usurpation, Sir Jcrfm Berkdey remained in exile 
with the royal family, and after the, death of Lord 
Byron, in 1682, was placed at the head of the Duke 
of York's family, having the management of all his 
receipts and disbursements. In a few yean after- 
wards, he was elevated to the peerage by the exiled 
monarch, as Baron Brrkrlry, of S(«yiIA>m, in the 
eountjf qfSomereet, (one of the scenes of his former 
triumphs over the rebels,) by letten patent, dated 
at Brussels in Brabant, on the 19th of May, 1656, in 
the lOth year of his majesty's reign. Upon the 
restoration of the mooardiy, his lordship was sworn 
of the privy council; and at the dose of the year 



BER 



B£R 



160^ WM c w mUe teJ lord Iteutaumt of Iiclond, 
where he loaded in 1070, and oontiiraed in the 
gorernment fat two yeac^ when hi* lordahlp wm 
Wic c eeded by the Earl of Enex. In 1678, he ww 
accredited iinihewartor extraordinary to the court of 
Vcnaillea, ani^ died on the fltth of Auguat. 10711. 
Hia lordafaip had m. Chriatian, daughter and heireia 
of Sir Andrew Riecard, preiident of the East India 
Comiway, and widow of Henry Rich. Lord Ken- 
aington, eon and heir of Henry» Earl of Holland, by 
whom he had three sona, all of whom eventually 
a occeaded to the title, and one daughter, Anne, 
M. to Sir Dudley Cullnm. Bart, of Hawsted, in the 
ooonty ot Suffolk. Lord Berkeley waa «. by hia 
eldest aon. 

CHARLES BERKELEY, aecoad baron, captafat 
of the Tiger man-of-war, who d, at sea, unmarried, 
in the twenty-fourth year ot hia age, on the 2Ut 
September, 1688, and waa ju by his brother, 

JOHN BERKELEY, third baron, groom of the 
Btole, and first gentleman of the bed-chamber to 
Prince George of Denmark, and in the reign of 
King William, one of the admiral* of the fleet, 
and coldoei of the aeoond regiment of marinea. Hit 
lordahip m. Jane Martha, daughter of Sir John 
Temple^ Knt., of Eaat Sheen, hi the county of 
Suney, (who waa married, after hia lordahipri de- 
ceaaaw to William, Earl of Porthmd,) by whom he 
hadnoanrriTing laaue. He d. on the S7th February, 
UB6» and waa ju by hia brother, 

WILLIAM BERKELEY, fburth baron, who waa 
conetituted chanrrifcg ot the Duchy of Lancaater, 
and awom of the privy eoundl, lo Queen Anne, on 
the flOth September, I7ia Hto lordahip m. Prances, 
yooxtgcst dau^ter of Sir John Temple, (aforesaid,) 



•» 



ar. 



patt4e, 



JOBK, his SU( 

WiBiam, Captain of the Tiger man-of-war, on 
board of which he died, on the 26th March, 
1783, cp. 

Charles, ■^ tai 1746, Frances, daughter of Colo- 
nel John West, and dying in 1765, left two 



Mary. 

Jane, d, umm. ■ 

Fraacca, ■^ flrst, to William, Lord Byron, and 
aeeondly, to Sir Thomaa Hay, Bart., of Alder- 
atOB, N.B. 
Barbara, ■^ in 1796, to John Tievanioo, Esq., 
of Cavhays, Cornwall, by whom she had a 
aon, William, and two daughters. 
Anne, m. in 1797* to James Cocks, Esq., of Rye- 
in the county of Surrey, by whom 
left, at her deoeaae in 1739, a son, 
James. 
Ilia kvdship d. on the 94th of March, 1740, and was 
«b by hia eldest aon,' 

JOHN BERKELEY, fifth baron, who waa conati- 
tuted, in 1743, captain of the yeomen of bis miO«>ty'B 
gnard, awom of the priry council in 1769, and ap- 
pointad captain of the band of gentlemen penaioners 
inl746L Hia lordahip was subsequently constable of the 
Towwof London, and lord lieutenant of the Tower 
Hamlela. Hem., but dying«. p, in 1773, the Babont 
ov BmMMMUur, ow Stbatton, became axTincr. 



B£IIK£I«EV— BAAON BOTETOURT. 

By Writ of Summona, dated l(Hh March, 1306, 
1 Edward IL 

In the year 1763, 

NARBONNE BERKELEY, Esq., only son and 
heir of John Symes Berkeley. Esq., by his second 
wife, Elisabeth, daughter and co-heiress of Walter 
Narbonne, Esq., of Calne. in the county of Wilts, 
claimed the BxaoNT ov Botxtourt. which had 
been In abeyance from the decease of Joyce. Lady 
Bumell, *. p. in 1406, grand-daughter of John da 
Botetourt, (see Botetourt, Barons Botetourt.) and his 
right being caUblished, he was summoned to parlia- 
ment in that ancient dignity, on the 13th April, 
1764. But dying without Issue in 1776. it agahi fell 
into AaavAif CK. and so remained, until once more 
called out in flsvour of Henry SoroerMt, fifth Duke 
of Beaufort, son and heir of Charles, fourth duke, 
by Elisabeth, (who d, in 1799.) sbter and sole helreta 
of the above mentioned Narbonne. the deceaaed 
lord. The Bakomy ov Botktourt is now there- 
fine merged in the DOKKDOM OF BXAUFOBT. 

BERKELEY— EARL OF FALMOUTH. 

By Letters Patent, dated 17th of March, 1664. 

CHARLES BERKELEY, Eaq., aecond son of 
Sir Charles Berkdey, Knt., and nephew of John, 
flnt Lord Berkeley, of Stratton, standing high In 
the fisvour of King Charles IL, was elevated by that 
monarch to the peerage of Ireland, aa Baron Berke- 
ley and Ylacount Fitahardinge. with remainder, in 
defiiult of male issue, to his lirther, and his male 
descandantat and afterwards created, on the l7th of 
March. 1684, a peer of England, in the dignities of 
Boron BotHort, ^Langport, in the county t^ Somer- 
set, and Eaiu. op Falmouth. His lordship m. 
Elisabeth, daughter of Colonel Hervey Bagot. se- 
cond son of Sir Henry Bagot, Bart., of BUthfleld la 
the county of Staflbrd, by whom he had an only 
daughter, 

Mary, who m. Gilbert Cosyn Gerrard, Esq., 
eldest son of Sir Gilbert Gerrard, Bart, of 
Feskerton, In the county of Lincoln, ftom 
whom she was divorced in 1664, and d, in 
1603. 
Lord Fahnouth fell in a bkxMly naval engagement 
with the Dutch, on the 3rd of June, 160^, and his 
remains were honorably interred in Westminster 
Abbey. Dying thus without male lasue. his lord- 
ship's Eni^idi honours azpiaao, while those of Ire- 
land reverted, according to the limitation of the 
patsnt, to his fethar. Sir Charles Berkeley, who 
then becsme Charlea, second Yiscouut Fitahard- 
inge, of that realm. 

AaMa— Gu. a chevr. betw. ten crosses formte, ar. 
a label of three points. 

03 



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BERMINOHAM — BARONS BERM. 

INGHAM. 

By Writ of Summons, dated in 1398, 
I Edward III. 

XincBdc. 

Thia family aaaumed its surname from the town 
of BsRM INOHAM , in Warwiduhire, which 

PETER DE BERM INGHAM, Steward to Ger- 
▼ase Paganell» Baron of Dudley, held of that noble- 
man in the ISth of Henry II., with no less than nine 
knighU' fees, de vetoi feoflhmento, of which Wil- 
liam, his fkther, had been enfeoflbd in the reign of 
Henry I. This Peter had a castle at Bermingham, 
which stood scarcely a bow-shot from the church to 
the westward, and by a duurter ftom the crown, 
held a weekly Thursday market there, by which 
charter he had the liberties of Tkol, Thmm, Soek, 
Sadk, and Irsfangeth^,* to him and his heirs for 
ever. This Peter was «. by his son, 

WILLIAM DE BERMINGHAM, who having m. 
Isabell, daughter of Thomas de Estley (or Astley), 
a great feudal lord, and joining his fisther-in-law in 
rebelUon, fell at the battle of Evesham, in the 49th 
of Henry IIL, and was #. by his sotf, 

WILLIAM DE BERMINGHAM, who. in the 
82nd of Edward I. was in the expeAtion made then 
into Gascony, and in three years afterwards, he ac- 
companied the Earl of Lincoln, and Sir John de St. 
John, to the relief of Bdgrade, then besieged by the 
Earl of Arras. But the English army forming into 
two divisions, that under General St John, in which 
William de Bermingham immediately served, had 
the misfortune to encounter the whole force of the 
enemy, led by the Earl of Arras himself, and to be 
totally routed* numbers falling in the field, and 
numbers being made prisoners, of which latter was 
this William Bermingham t to whom «. at bis 
decease, his son, 

WILLIAM DE BERMINGHAM, who waas. by 
hie son, 

WILLIAM DE BERMINGHAM, who having 
filled several eminent employments during the reign 
of Edward IL, was summoned to parliament as 
Babon BBRMUfOHAV, in the 1st year of Edward 
UI. But (says Dugdale) never afterwards,! so 
that I shall not pursue the story of him nor his 
descendants any CutlMr, than to observe^ that his 
grandson, 

SIR THOMAS DE BERMINGHAM, left issue 
one sole daughter and heiress, Elisabeth, m. to 
Thomas de la Roche, of which marriage there were 
two daughtersr co-heiresses, via. 

Elena, m. first, to Edward, Lord Ferrars, of 

Chartley, and secondly, to Philip CheCwynd. 

Elii^beth, m. to Geosge Longvill, Esq., anoas> 

tor of Charles Longvill, Baron Grey of 

Ruthyn and Hastings^ 

Arm 8.r-Per pale indented or. an 



a Tail, 4C'-~^ power of punishing o Anders within 
his own bounds; a power of obliging all that live in 
his Jurisdiction to plead in his courts: aoogniaanoe 
of aO courts: a power to punish natives for theft. 

t The ooUateral male line of tbe Banninghams 
M 



BERTIE — DUKES OP ANCASTER 
AND KESTEVAN, IN THE 
COUNTY OF LINCOLN. . 
MARQUESSES OF LIND- 
SEY. EARLS OF LINDSEY. 
BARONS WILLOUGHBY 
% DE ERESBY. 

The Barony, by Writ of Summons, dated 

96th July, 1313. 

Earldom, *) ^ L«tt«m f ****** **■* Nov., 16B6L 

Marquisate, y^J^^Z^i dated 29th Dec, 1708. 

Dukedom, J ( dated leth July, 1715. 

ICincagc. 

The family of LfWDaav came originally into 
Enc^land from Bertiland, in Pruasia, with the 
Saxona, and obtained firom one ot our Saxon nu^ 
nardu a castle and town in the county of Kent, 
which waa denominated firom them BsnTiB-Amf, 
(Saxon-town,) now Bented, near Maidstone. 

It appears tram an old manuscript in the Cotton 
Library, that 

LEOPOLD DE BERTIE was constable of Dover 
CasUe, temp. King Ethelred, but opposing strongly 
the government upon some occasion, his son and 
heir, 

LEOPOLD- DE BERTIE, upon succeeding to 
the inheritano^ apprehsnsive of his safety in conse* 
quence of his lather's pfwewilngi, fied to Robert, 
King of France, and marrying a French woman, 
settled in that kingdom, where his posterity conti- 
nued until the year 11A4, when 

PHILIP BERTIE, accompanying Kfaig Henry II. 
into England, was restored by that monarch to his 
ancient patrimony in Bersted. From this Philip 
lineally descended, 

THOMAS BERTIE, Esq., of Bersted, captain of 
Hurst Castle in the Isle of Wight, temp. Henry VI L, 

who m. — , daughter of, Say, Esq., of the 

county of Salop, and left a son and heir. 



RICHARD BERTIE, Esq., who espoused Katha- 
rine Willoughby, Baroness Willoughby de Eresby, 
in her own right, and Duchess of Soflblk, in right 
of her first husband, CBAni<Ka BnAivooir, Dvkk 
or SirrFOLK, and had issue, 
PnnmoBiNB, his sueeessor. 
Susan, m, first, to Reginald Gray, Earl of Kent, 
and secondly, to Sir John Wingfield. 
During the reign of Quean Mary, the Duchess of 
Sullblk, being a aealous supporter of the reforma- 
tion, was obUged to retire, accompanied by Mr. 
Bertie, fkom En^^d, and they subsequently en- 
countered great privationa and dangers upon the 
continent, until received under the pro t ec ti on of 
the King of Poland, and placed by that monarch,in 
the earldom of Crvaon in Sanogalia. Mr. Bertie 



continued however much longer than the race of 
baiona, and iinssieidd the lordship of Birmingham, 
until the dese of King Henry VIIL's rsign, when 
Edward Bermlnghem was " wfl^ wiesled out of it, 
aooording to Dugdale, by John Dudley, afterwaida 
Viseottnt LislOb Earl of Warwick, and Duke oi 
Northumberland. From this ftmUy sprang alH> 
the BsniiiMhans, Earls of Louth hi Inland. 



B£R 



B£ft 



dM ia 15B. two ywn ■»« hft gnmi, md ww «. 

PBJUSGRINE BERTIE, Ba«o» Wumuohbt 
DB KftcftBY, who being bom in the Duchy of 
ClevM, WM naturaUMd by patent, dated And Au- 
gust, IM^ and declared by order of Queen Eliia- 
bilh« by the Loid Trenurar Buxghley. the Loitl 
ChnbcrlaiB SuMex, and the 'Earl of Leicerter* 
in the Star damber, on the 1 1th November, IMO^ 
entitled to theaoeieBt Babcitt 09 Wii.u>uobbt^ 
JiHt at thoiehi^ pcnonagef were about to sit down 
to dinner, when hie lordihip was placed by them 
In his proper sttnation at table; and he took his seat 
in parhamcnt on the Monday fiiUowing, next to 
I^ofd Zoudb of Harringworth. His lordship was 
deputed, in 158S, to attend, with the Earl of Lei- 
ceMar, and other nobles, upon the Duke of Ai\)ou, 
iaio Antwvp, and waa sent In the same year to 
Frederick, Kfaig of Denmark, with the ensigns of 
the Order of the Garter. In the 80th. of Elisabeth, 
I'Oid WiDooghby waa emptoyed at the siege of 
Ziitphcn in the Netherlands, and in an encounter 
*ith the forces of the garri s on, orerthrew General 
Gcoige C^rcBsialL, Commander-in-chief of the ca- 
valry, and took him j^isoner. His lordaliip, in the 
■ext year, upom the reUtement of the Earl of Lei- 
certer, was appointed Commaader4n-chicf of the 
Eagiish Auxiliary Forces in the United Provinces, 
and BMst valiantly deCendcd BBBami-or-ZoAM, 
Sfsiast the Rxiaoe of Panna. He subsequently 
ooniBsnded an English anny sent into France, in 
Sid of the King of Navarre Of this nobleman. 
Sir Hobcrt Nauaton, says» in hia Fragmenta Re- 
gslim *< That be was one of the Queen's first swords- 
OKB, and a great master ot the art military.'* His 
lo*dshipa^ Mary, daughter of John Vere^ Earl of 
Oxtatd, sister and heiress of the whole blood, to 
Bdward, sevenCeenth Earl of Oxibrd, and had issue, 
five sons, 

RoBBET, Peregrine, Henry, Vers, and Roger, 
with a daughter, Catherine, who m. Sir Lewis Wat- 
son, of Rockingham CasUe, in the county of Nortb- 
ampcoo, afterwards Lord Rockingham. Lord Wil- 
longhby died in ISDl, and waa «. by hie eldest eon, 

ROBERT BERTIE, m 10th Baron WUloughby de 
Ercdiy. Thia noMcman claimed theEarkiom of Ox- 
ford, end the Baronies of Bulbec, Sandlbrd and Bad- 
keacr^ withtheoflloeof Lobd Hieii CBAiiBBBi.Aiif 
or EaoijiBD hi ijl^t of hie mother, but eucoeeded 
^ establishing hie right to tike chamberlaiaehip 
oBly; be waa* however, rieaiert Eau. op LiNnaBY, 
«■ the SSnd Novembor, IfiSS, and in four yeare after 
elected a Kaight of the Moet Noble Order of the 
Oabtbb. In the 7tb of Chaxies I., ha waa ooneti- 
tttted Constable of England, for the trial of Lord 
Rea, and David Raaaaey. In the 11th of the same 
Rign. he was made Loan Hioh Admibaxi and in 
J03S^ upon the Soots takingup arms, he waaappointed 
Governor of Berwick. His lordshftp was chosen 
General of the King's Forces, at the breaking out 
of the CivU War, and fieU at the battle of Edge 
iiiU, in 1648. Lord WiUonghby m. Elisabeth, 
only child of Edward, fliat Lord Montague, of 
Boughton, and grand-daughter, maternally, of Sir 
Jobn Jeflkeias, Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer, 
and had issue, 

Montagu, his successor. 



llag« (Sir), K.B.. m, Miae Lawley, daughter 
and heiress of Sir Edward Lawley, Knt., and 
d.inie5i. 
Robert»d.bilffO& 

Per^grinak m. Aaat, daughter of William 
Harvey, Eeq., of ^eden, in the eounty ot 
Lincoln, with whom he acquleed that eeat 
and eettled there. He left at Ue deceaae, 
an only daughter and heirees, EUxabeth, 
who m. WiUiam, Lord WIdrington. 
Francis, Captain of Horse, killed in the king's 

service, in Irelend, anno 1641. 
Robert, m. first, Alice, daughter of Richard 
Barnard, Esq.. and eeoondly. EUsabeth, 
eeooBd daughter of Sir Thomae Bonnet, ot 
Baberham, in the county of Cambridge. 
Henry, Captata ot Horee, killed at Newberry, 

fighting under the royal banner. 
Vere, and Edward, died immarried. 
Catherine, m. to Sir William Paeton, Bart, 

of Oxnead, in the eounty of Norfblk. 
Elixabelii, m. to Sir Miles Stapleton, of Carl- 
ton, in the county of York. 
Sophia, m. first, to the Rev. JohnHewlt, D.D., 
beheaded for his loyalty to King Charles I., 
and secondly, to Sir A. Shipman, Knt. 
His lordship waa e. by his eldest son, 

MONTAGU BERTIE, second earl, who com- 
manded the king's royal regiment of guards, at Edge 
Hill, and being near his gallant fkther, when that no- 
bleman fdl wounded hito the hands of the enemy, 
voluntarily surrendered himself to a commander of 
the horee on the rebri eide, in order to be in attend- 
ance upon hie aiBictcd parent. Being afterwarde 
exchanged, he continued aoalouely to eupport the 
royal eaueo— and at the head of the guarde fought at 
the three battles of Newberry, at Cropiedy, at Lest- 
withiel. and at the foul fight of Naseby, where he 
was wounded} nor did he forsake his royal nunter to 
the very last; for befaig one of the Lords of the Bed- 
chamber, and of the Privy Council, he attended 
personally upon the unhappy asonareb, until his 
mi^esty put himaelf into the hands of the Scots. 
After the foul murder of the king. Lord LIndsey 
compounded for his estate, and lived In privacy 
until the restoration of the monarchy, when he was 
called to the privy council, and elected a Knight of 
the Moet Noble Order of the Garter. His lordship 
had the honour and gratification too pf officiating at 
the coronation of King CharlcelL, ae Lord H/qh 
Chaitbxblaiiv op Enolakb. The earl m. first, 
Martha, daughter of Sir William Cockain, of Rush- 
ton, in the county of Northampton, Knt., and wi- 
dow' of James Ramsay, Earl of Holdemess, by whom 
he had, 

RoBBBT, hia cucoeoeor. 

Peregrine, m. Susan, daughter and eo-heirese 
of Sir Edward Monine. Bart, of Walder- 
flhare in the county of Kent, and had two 
daughters, 

Bridget, wifo of John, Earl of Poulet 
Mary, ai. first, to Anthony Henley. Esq., 
of the Grange, In the county of South- 
ampton ; and secondly, to the Honor- 
able Henry Bertie, third eon of Jamee, 
Earl of Abingdon. 

M 



BER 



BER 



Vere, Juttiee of the Common Ptai, temp. 

Charles II.. d. umnarried in 1680. 
Charles, of Ufflngton, in the county of Lincoln, 
Ml. Mary, daughter of Peter Tryon, Esq., 
of Harringworth, in the county of North- 
ampton, and widow of Sir Sunuel Jones, 
by whom he had a son, 

Charles, m. Mary, daughter and heiress 
of John Nartxmne, Esq., of Great 
Stukley, in the county of Huntingdon, 
and had, 

Charles, m. to Bathsheba, daughter 

of Doctor Mead, and had several 

children. 

Elisabeth, m. to Charles MUdmay, Lord 

Fiti-Walter. 

Elizabeth, m. to Baptist Noel, Viscount 

Campden. 
Bridget, m. to Thomas Osborne, Duke of 



Catherine, m. to Robert Dormer, Esq., of 
Dourton, in the county ot Bucks. 
The earl m. secondly, Bridget, daughter and sole 
heiress of Edward Wray, Esq., (third son of Sir W. 
Wray, of Glentworth, in the oMmty of Lincoln, 
Bart.,) by EUxabeth, his wife, daughter and heiress 
of Francis, Lord Norreys and EarV of Berkshire, and 
had issue, 

Jamks, who succeeded to the Barony of Nor- 
reys, of Ryeote, in the county of Oxfbrd, and 
was created Earl of Abingdon : his lorddiip 
is ancestor to the extant Earls of Abingdon. 
Henry, m. Philadelphia, daughter of Sir Ed- 
ward Norris, of Western, in the county of 
Oxford, d, in 1734. 
Mary, m. to Cha. Dormer, Earl of Caeraarvoo. 
His knrddiip d. on the S6th July, 1686, and was «. 
by his eldest son, 

ROBERT BERTIE, third earL This nobleman 
m. first, Mary, second daughter and co-heir of John 
Massingherd, Esq., and had an only daughter, Ara- 
bdla, IN. to Thomas Savage, Earl of Rivers. He m. 
secondly, EUxabeth, daughter of Philip, Lord Whar- 
ton, by whom he had five sons, vis. 

RoBflRT, his successor, who was summoned to 
the house of peers, as Baroo WiUoughbyt 
Peregrine, vice<hamberlain of the housdiold 
to Queen Anne, and one of the tdlers of the 
exchequer, died «. p. in 1711, 
Philip d. unmarried in 1788. 
Morris tf. unmarried. 
Albemarle. 
His lordship m. thirdly, Elisabeth, daughter of 
Thomas Pope, Earl of Down, in Ireland, by whom 
he had a son and daughter, who both died unmar- 
ried. The earl d. on the 8th May, 1701, and was «. 
by his eldest son, 

ROBERT BERTIE, Lord WiUoughbyde Eieaby, 
as fourth earl, who was created Maroubss or Lind- 
■BY on 89th December, 1706 ; and upon the deeewe 
of Queen Anne, was appointed one of the lords Jus- 
tices until the arrival of King George L His 
lordship was subsequently called to the privy coun- 
cil, appointed lord-lieutenant and custos-rotulorum 
of the county of Lincoln, and elevated, on the 90th 
July, 1715, to the Duxboom or Akcabtbb awd 
B6 



KBSTBVxir. His grace m. fint, 30th July, 1678, 
Mary, daughter of Sir Richard Wynn, of Gwydier, 
in the county ot Caernarvon, Bart., by whom he 
had issue— 

PxBXOBiNB, his successor. 
And ' three daughters, who all died unmarried. He 
m. secondly, Albinia, daughterofMi^}or^General Wil- 
liam Farrington, of Chisselhurst, in Kent, by whom 
he had, 

Vere, M.P. for Boston, m., in 1736, to Miss 
Anne Casey, of Braunston, near Lincoln, and 
left, in 1788, two daughters, his coheirs ; vis.- 
Albinia, m. 87th May, 1707> to the Hon. 
Geor^ Hobart, who succ ee ded his bro- 
ther as third earl of Buckinghamshire. 
Louisa. 
Montagu, Capt. R.N., m. Eliaabeth, daughter 
of William Piers, Esq., M.P. ftxr Wells, and 
left, in 17S3, two daughter*— 
Augusta, IN., in 1756, to John Lord Bur^ 
hersh, afterwards Earl of Westmordand. 



Robert, a general officer in the army. In 1756 his 
lordship happened to be on board the R*- 
milUes (proceeding to join his regiment in 
Minorca), with Admiral Byng, in the en- 
gagement with the French fleet off that 
Island, and gave a very dear and candid 
evidence in bdialf ot that unftntunate offi- 
cer, at his trial in the January foUowing. 
Lord Robert sate in parliament successively 
for Whitechurch, Hants, and Boston in Lin- 
colnshire. He m. Chetwynd, daughter and 
heir of Montagu, Viscount Blundell, in 
Ireland. 
Thomas, Capt. R.N., d. unmarried, 91st July, 

1740. 
Louisa, m., in 1736, to Thomas Bludworth, 
Esq., gentleman of the hone to the Prince 
ot Wales, and one of the grooms of the bed- 
chamber. 
Hto graced. 96th July, 1793, and was «. by his eldest 
son, 

PEREGRINE BERTIE, second duke, who had 
been summoned to parliament, in the life-tikne of his 
father, as LoBoWiLLODOHBYnBEBBBBY. Hisgrace 
was called to the privy council in 1784, and i^ppointed 
in the same year lord-lieutenant and custoe-rotulorum 
of the county and city of Lincoln. In 1734 he was 
constituted lord warden and justice in Eyre of aU 
his majesty's parks, chases, forests, 5rc. north of the 
Trent. The duke espoused Jane, one of the four 
daughters and co-heirs of Sir Jcdm Brownlow, 
Bart., of Belton, in the county of Lincoln, by 
whcnn he had • 

PanxoBiirB, his successor. 

Brownlow, who «. as fifth duk& 

Mary, nu to Samuel Greteheed, Esq., of 

Guy's-Clilfe, near Warwick, and d. in 1774. 
Albinia, m. to John Beckford, Esq., and d. in 

1754. 
Jane, m. to Captain Matthews. 
Carolina, m. to George Dewar, Esq., and d. in 
1774. 
His grace d. on the 1st January, 1749, and was «. by 
his ddest son. 



. 'PBRKGRlNBUaTIC.CkM«tak«»wteiN.flnC. 
aod May* 173S, EMttbedi. d i xghte f d lole heircw 
of WUiina BhuxMI, Baq., of Bauagtttikt, In the 
cottnty of SouChamptOD, and relict of Six Charles 
Gnntcr Nidnib, KJI., bat had no ^nm. Hit 
grace, 10. Mondly, STth NorcmlMr, 1780^ Maryj 
daughtar of Thomas PantOD, Esq., bf whom he 
had tiuTiviQg issuer 

RoBssT, Ussuccenor. 

Priscilla-Barbara-Elixabeth, m. 8»rd Fehruary, 
1^, to Peter BurreU, Esq.» of Beckcnham, 
Kent, afterwards created a baronet, and 
devated to the peerage, as Baron G wydtiu 
(See Wllloughby de Erertjy-^Hrlre^* Die- 

GeocgianirCharlotte, m. to James, first Mar- 
qnen Chobnonddcy. 

Id 174s, on the teeaUag out <)f the rebi3tton in 
Sootlaiid, his graee raised a regiment of fbot for 
his mi^esty's senrioek and attained threugh the dif- 
ferent gradatioDs, the rank of general in the army, 
in 177s. At the oonmatioD of King George III., 
the dukeoOdated at Lo&o Grbat CBAnBSRLAiir 
or EiroLAND. In 17B8. he wm a^xiinted Master 
of tlie Horse; he was also Recorder of Linoofai. He 
d. on the Uth April, 1778. and was «. by his son, 

ROBERT BERTIE, fourth duke, at whose de. 
cease, unmarried. 8th July, 1779, the Baroivt op 
WiLLOtroiiBV Dx Errbb'K fen into ABXTAif ex be- 
tween his graced two sisters, but was calledout by the 
ciown,inthefo1IowlBg year. In flivour of the elder, 
aod is now erOoyed by her ladyship's son and heir. 
The Lord Gbbat CRAMBBSLAnrsittp derolved 
Jointly apon the two ladiest ^Hiile his grace's other 
boDours rercrtad to his uncl^ 

tORD BROWNLOW BERTIE, as filth duke. 
This noblemaa ■^ first, Oth November, 17», Har- 
riot, daughter and sole heireis of Gemrge Morton 
Pitt, Esq., of Twickenham, in the county of Mid- 
dkaex, but her graoe A in the foltowing year with- 
out issa& He m. secondly, and January, 17G0, 
Mary Aane, youngest daughter of M^or Layard, 
by whoos, (who d. 13th January, 1804>) he had an 
«mly daughter, MARy-Ei.isABBTH, «. 26th May, 
1793, to Thomas, Viscount Milsiagton, now Earl 
of Portmore-aad left at her decesse, in 1797, an 
only son, BR0W7ri.ow-CHARi.B8, who inherited the 
great personal estates of his grandfather, the Duke 
of Ancaster, but died at Rome, in 181% ot wounds 
received from a baadittL His grace d. iu 1800, 
when the Dukbdoms op Ancastbr and Kbs- 
KATBB, and the MARflimaiTx and Earldom op 
LiNDSBT, became bztihct. 

Arii»— Ar., three battering rams, bar*WRys, in 
pale, proper, amusd and garnished asure. 

The following quaint old ballad, was written to 
commemorate the snffierings of her Grace, the 
Duchess of Suilblkf and her husband, Mr. Bertie, 
during their exile, in the reign of Queen Mary. It 
Is entitled. " The moat rare and occellent history 
of the Dudieasof Sulfolk, and her husbend Richard 
Bertie's calamities. To the tune of Queen DidOb" 
Origlaany pubilihed in the rdgn of Queen Elisa- 



BBR 

" When Got hid ttdtcn, flir bnri 
: That pntdeat prince. King 
Then bloody Bonner did begin 
Hb Etgiag maUoe to bewray I 
AH thoee that did OodH word piotas. 
He perseeated \ 



away, 



Thus while the Lord on us did km^. 

Many in prison he did throw, 
Tovmenting them in Lollards' Tower,* 

Whereby they might the truth farcgo; 
Th« Cranmer, Ridley, and the r«at« 
Were burning in the (Ire that Christ profese'd. 
Smithfield was then with fi«gots fiU*d, 

And many plaoea mete bmide; 
At Coventry was Seandan UBM, 

At Wonnater eke good Hooper dM I 
And to escape this bhiody day 

Beyond sea nwny fled away 



Among the test that sought x«lief. 
And for their lUth in danger stood, 

lAdy Elixabeth was chief. 

King Henry's daughter of roysl blood < 

Who in the Tower did prisoner lie, 

Lo(4dBg each day when she should di& 

The Dutcheis of Suflblk seeing this. 
Whose life likewise the tyrant sought. 

Who in the hopes of heavenly bUes* 

Within God's word het comfott wrought { 

For fear of death wm ftmM to fiy. 

And leave her house most lecxetly. 

That for the love of God alonok 
Her knds and goods she left hahlndt 

Seeking still that precious stone. 
The word and truth so rare to find : 

She with her husband, nurse and chiM, 

In poor amy thehr sighs beguii'd. 

Thus thro^ London they paas'd along. 
Each one did take a several street I 

And all along escaping wrong. 
At BiUingagate they all did meett 

Like people poor, In Gravesend bargee 

They simply went with all their chargeb 

And an along from Gra v ese n d town. 
With journey short, on foot they want; 

Unto the s ea c o as t came they down. 
To pass the seas was their intent ; 

And God provided so that day. 

That they took ship, and sail'd awAy. 

And with a prosperous gale of wind 
In Planders they did safe arrive ; 

This iras to them great ease of mind. 

And from their hearts much woe did drive 

And so, with thanks to God on hi^i 

They took their way to Germany. 

Thus as they travellM stUl disguls'di 

• Upon the highway suddenly 
By cruel thftfves they were BttrprisTd* 
Assaulting th^ small company t 
And all their traesure, and their store, ■ 
They took away, and beat them sore^ 

• There ii a place so named, in the palace of the 
Archbishop of Canterbury at Lambeth. 

I W 



B£R 



BER 



The mine* unldit of all thdr fright, 
l^d down the child upon the groimd ; 

She ran away out of thdr fight. 
And nerer after that was found. 

Than did the Dutchew malce great moaa» 

With her good huahand all alone. 

The thievca had then their hortea kill'd. 
And all their money quite had took ; 

The pretty baby almoat spoil'd. 
Was by the nurse likewise fonook ; 

And they far from their Mends did stand. 

And suocourless in a strange land. 

The sky likewise began to sooul. 
It h^'d and rain*d in piteous sort. 

The way was long, and wond'rous foul ; 
Then may I now full well report. 

Their grief and sorrow were not small. 

When this unhappy chance did fall. 



Soihetimes the Dutchess bore the child. 

As wet as erer she could be, 
And when the lady, kind and mild. 

Was weary, then the child bore he; 
And thus they one another eas'd. 
And with their ftntunes seemed well pleas'd. 

And after many a weary step. 

All wet-shod both in dirt and mire; 

After much grief their hearts yet leap. 
For labour doth some rest require ; 

A town before them they did see, 

Byt lodged there they could not be. 

From bouse to house then they did go. 
Seeking that night where they might lie ; 

But want of money was their woe. 
And stiU their babe with cold did cry i 

With .cap and Icnee they court'sy miJce, 

But none of them would pity take. 

Lot here a princess of great blood. 

Doth pray a peasant for rdief. 
With tears bedewed as she stood, 

Yet few or none regard her grief: 
Her speech they could not understand. 
But some gave money in her hand. 

When all in vain ber speech was spent, 
And that they could not house-room get. 

Into a church-porch* then they went. 
To stand out of the rain and wet t 

Then said the Dutchess to ber dear, 

«* O, that we had some flre liere r 

Then did her husband so provide. 

That flre and coals they got with speed ; 
She sfrt down by the fire side, 
, To dress her daughter that had need ; 
And while she dreu'd it in her lap. 
Her husband made the Infant pap. 

• Of St Willebrode, at Wesd, in Germany, where 
the Duchess fell in labour, and was delivered of a 
•on, called Pei^grlne, afterwards Lord WUloughby 
daEresby. 



Anon the leKton thither came. 

And finding them there by the fire. 

The drunken knave, all void of shame. 
To drive them out was his desire; 

And spuming out the noble dame 

Her husband's wrath he did inflame. 

And all in fUry as hestood. 

He wrung the church-keys fVom his hand. 
And struck him so that all the blood 

Ran down his bead as he did stand ; 
Wherefore the sexton presently. 
For aid and help aloud did cry. 

Then came the officers in hasten 
And took the Dutchess and her child; 

And with her husband thus they past. 
Like lambs beset with tigers wild ; 

And to the governor were Inought, 

Who understood them not in aught. 

Then Master Birtie, brave and bold. 

In Latin made a gallant speech. 
Which all their mis'ries did unfold. 

And their high favour did beseech. 
With that, a doctor sitting by 
Did know the Dutchess jnresently. 

And thereupon arising straight. 

With looks abased at the sight ; 
Unto them all that there did wait. 

He thus broke forth in words aright : 
" Behold ! within your sight," quoth he* 
" A princess of most high d^ree I" 

With that the governor, and aU the rest. 

Were much amaa'd the same to here t 
Who welcomed this new come guest. 

With reverence great, and princely cheer ! 
And afterwards convey'd they were. 
Unto their friend. Prince Castmir. 
A son she had in Germany, 

Peregrine Bertie call'd by name, 
Sumam'd the good Lord WUloughby, 

Of courage great, and worthy fisme i 
Her daughter young, that with her went. 
Was aflcrwards Countess of Kent. • 

For when Queen Mary was deoeas'd. 

The Dutcheu home retum'd agidn; 
Who was of sorrow quite rdeas'd 

- By Queen Elisabeth's happy reign ; 
Whose godly life and piety 
We may praise continually. 

BERTRAM — BARONS BERTRAM, 
OF MITFORD. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 14th December, 1S64, 
49 Henry IIL 

ICincffSc. 

In the rmgn of King Henry I., 

WILLIAM BERTRAM, with the approbation of 
his wife and s<ms, founded the Augustinian Priory, 
of BRiNKBunirn, in the county of Northumber- 
land, and was «. at his decease by his son, 

ROGER BERTRAM, who« in the Uth of 
Henry II., upon the assessment in aid of the marx 
riage portion of the king's daughter, certified his 
knight's fees to be six and a half; and, in the 18th 



B£R 



BIO 



o/ the iBiiMiiKiiiaiKh, paid six poandt, tan ihUlliigi, 
acuti^ fior not going in pencm, nor sending lot 
dim, upon the expedition then made into Ireland. 
To this liBudal lord luooeeded hit son and h^, 

WILLIAM BERTRAM, who obCahied ■ giant 
ftom the crown, in the 5th year of King John, of 
tbe manor of Felton, in Northumberhuid, with all 
tbm woods thertunto bdonging. He m. AUce, lietar 
of Robert de Umfivvil, and died in or before the 
7th year of the same reign, for at that time we And 
King John eooiierring the wardriiip of his lord8hip*s 
•oik and heir, Roger, upon Peter de Brus, with the 
custody of his lands during the minority, in oonsi- 
domtioB of tbesum of three hundred marks. To 
the poaseadon of whidi lands suceeedad, when at 
All! age. the said 

ROGER BERTRAM. This feudal lord behig 
in-ndved in the pr o c e e din gs of the beions, in the 
17th of King Joha, his castle and lands of Mitford 
were aeiaed, and c uu Heiied upon Philip de Uleootes; 
hot afterwards making his peace, and PhUip de 
lUeeotes not swnning willing to obey the king's 
mandaff In restoring those lands, he was threatened 
wiUi the imuifidiafe conflaeation of his own territo- 
rial poesessions, in the counties of York, Notting- 
ham, and Durham. After this period Roger Bertram 
appears to have oOoyed the royal favour ; and In the 
13th of Henry III., when Alexjuukr of Scotland was 
to meet the KngHsh monarch at York, he was aab 
of the great northern barons who had command to 
attend him thither. He d. in ISil, and was e. by 
hkson, 

ROGER BERTRAM, who, hi the 4Snd of 
Henry IIL, had command, with other great barons 
of the north, to march into Scotland §or the rescue 
of the young king of SootsI the king of England's 
aon-in-law, out of the hands of his rebellious sub- 
jects : but, in the 48th of the same monarch, bdng 
In arms with the other rebellious barons, he was 
takan prisoner at NoRTHAMProiir, and his castle of 
Mitford seised upon by the escheator of the crown, 
while he waa himself committed to the custody of 
WUliam de Valence. He must, however, have made 
his peace very soon afterwards, for we find him 
swmmfmrd to parliament as a babow, in the next 
r, 14th December, liM. His kmlshlp had 



Roeaa, his successor. 

Agnes, m. to Thomas Flts-WilUam, Lord of 

Elmeley and Sprotborough, in the county of 

York, and had issue— 

WlI^LIAM FiTZ-WlLUAM, WhO WSB 8UC> 

oeeded by his son, 

WULIAM FiTZ-WlLLIAM, (from 

whom the extant Earls Fits- Wil- 
liam descend,) one of the co-hrirs 
of the BAROivT and estates at the 
decease of bis cousin, Aonbs 

BXRTftAM. 

Itabel, m, to Darcy, and bad Norman 

Darcy, who was «. by his son, 

Philip Dabct, one of the co-heirs of 
the BARONY and estates at the decease 
of his cousin, Aonxs Bbbtram. 

Christian, m. to » and had a son, 

Ei*XAB PB Pbivulbvbv, One of the co- 



haln to the m&BoirT tad IumIb, at the 
decease of his eooalD, AojiBa Bb»* 

TBAM. 

Ada, m. to de Yere, and had a daughter, 

Isabd, whose son, 

GiLBXRT DB Atok, wsb ooe of the co- 
heirs to the BABONY and lands, at the 
d e ce a s e of his cousin, Aeit bb Bbbtra jh. 
The banm waa «. at hia decease by his son, 
ROGER BERTRAM, second baron, but nevar 
summoned to parliament. This noUanan d. In 
1311, leaving an only daughter and hciiess* 

AoRaa Bbrtrav, at whoae decease, without 
issue, the babowy of Bbbtram op Mit- 
. PORO, IMl into ABBYANCB, b o i wee u her 
ladyship's cousins and co-heirs, mentiooed 
above, and ao continues amongst their ra- 
preeentatives. 
Anna— As. an escutcheon or. 

BIOOD-~£ARLS OF NORFOLK. 

By creation ot King Stephen, and also of 
King Henry IL 

Xiittagc 

The lint of this great f«mily thateettled In Eng- 
land, was 

ROGER BIOOD, who in the ConquenM*e time 
possessed six lordships hi Essex, and a hundred and 
seventeen in Suftdk. This Roger adhering to the 
party that took up arms against William Ruftis, in 
the first year of that monarch's reign, fortifled the 
castle of Norwich, and wasted the country around. 
At the accession of Henry I. being a witness of the 
king^s laws, and staunch in his intereets, he obtained 
Framingham In Suflblk, as a gift f^om the crown. 
We find further ot him, that he ftmnded in 1108, 
the Abbey of Whetftnd, in Norfolk, and that he 
was buried there at his deoeese in four years after, 
leaving by Adelisa, a son and heir, 

WILLIAM BIOOD, steward of the household to 
King Henry I., one oi the unhappy persons who 
perished with the king's children and several of the 
nobility, in the memorable shipwreck which oc- 
curred in the SOth of that monarch's reign. This 
feudal lord leaving no issue, his great poesessJons 
devolved upon his brother, 

HUGH BIOOD, also steward to King Henry I., 
who, being mainly Instrumental in raising Stephen, 
Earl of Boloigne, to the throne, upon the deoeese of 
his royal master, was rewarded by the new king 
with the BarI'DOK op thb Eabt Ajrox>X8» com- 
monly called NoBPOLK, and by that designation we 
find him styled hi 1140 (6th Stephen). His kird- 
shlp remained fidthftil in his aUq[lMice to King 
Stephen tlyrough the difllculties which afterwards 
beset that monarch, and gallantly defended the 
castle of Ipswich agafaurt the Empress Maud and 
her son, until obliged at length to surrender for 
want of timely rdief. Ir the 19th Henry II., this 
powerful noble certified his knighfs fees to be one 
hundred and twenty-five «* de veterl fooflhmento," 
and thirty-five " de Novo,'* upon the occasion of 
the assessment in aid of the marriage of the king's 
daugliter » and he appears to have acquired at this 
period a considerable degree of royal fkvour t for 
wo find him not only recreated Eari> op Norpoi^k 
I 8 00 



Bia 



BIG 



Xgf chartOTf datad at Norlluuntrtoii. iMf by the same 
iastninMnt ohtainhig • giant of tha oAce of steward, 
to hold in M ample a manner at hb fitther had 
Aone Ib the time of Henry L Notwilhetaading. 
howeyer, these and other equally subetantial aurks 
of tha king's fib«rality, tha Bail of Nocfolk arrayed 
himself under the baBner of Robert* Earl of Lel- 
oiater» in tha insonection sadtad by that nobleman 
In fayoor Of the Ung^ aon, (whom Heavy himself 
bad crowned,) in the IMi of tha monarch's nii^ s 
bat hla trcaami npen this oeonnan coat htan tha sur- 
render of baa atrongeat caatlns an4 a fine of a thou- 
sand marksL Altar wWeb ha want Into the Holy 

l4Uid, with the £arl of Ftedns, and died bill77. 

Hia lordship had married first* JaUan* daughter 
of Alberic da Vera* by whom he had a eon Rooxa ; 

and aaeondly » Gundred , who brought him two 

sons, Hugh and William. He waa t. by his eldest 
son, 

ROGfiR BIOOD, seeond earl, who^ in the flrat 
year of Richard I., had a charter dated at Westmins- 
ter, S7th November, reoonititttttng him Eam. or 
Noaroi.K, and Steward of the Housdiold, his lord- 
ship obtaining at the leaaa time restitution of some 
aaaaoA, wHhgiaita of others, and oonflnnatloB of 
all his wide>q>reading demesnes. In the same year 
be waa made one of the ambaasadocs fkom tba Eng- 
liab monarch to Philip of France, Ibr obtaining aid 
towards tba raoorary of tba Holy Land. But for 
the privilege of e^)eytng the E a rl dom of Worfbik, 
and that Hugh, hia brother, ahould not Imto Bvary 
of any landa whkb ware hia fbther'a, eieept by 
judgment of the king^ eourt, and hia peers, ha 
paid no less than a thousand marks to tha kin^ 
Upon the return of King Richard from his captivity, 
the Earl of Norfolk aesistad at tha great council 
held by the king at Nottingham} and at hia second 
ooromrtiOB, hia lordship wae one of the Ibor eark 
that carried the silken canopy over the monarch's 
In the reign of King John, ha waa one of the 
that extorted the great CKaamaa or Fnan- 
Doaa from that prince^ and waa amongst tha twenty^ 
Ave locda ^ipeinted to enforce their folfiJmenb 
His kitdsUp m. Isabel* daughter of Humelyn, Swl 
ef Wanrai^ and Suarey, and had iaaue^ 

HuoB, his successor. 
- Wmiam. m. Margaret, daughter of Robttt de 
Sutton, with whom he acquired ceneiteaMe 
pvoperty. 

ThomaSi 

Margwy, m. to William de Hasting*. 

Adeliaa, m, to Alberie da Vere^ Earl of Oxford. 

Mary, m. to Ralph FiU Robeft, Lord of Mid- 



The earl 4. in U90, end wm«. by hUeldeat 

HUGH BIGOD, third earl. whoM. Maud, eldeat 
daughter of WUliam Mareachal, Earl of Penktaroke, 
andhadfani% 

Roona, his suoceasor. 

Hugh, an eminent lawyer, appointed Cniar 

JvaxicB or EirextaBD, by the barons la 

180Z. iiem.flrst,Joene, daughter of Robert 

Bunaet. by whom be. had issue, 

RooBB, succcMor to his unele in the 

earkkom. 



He m. secondly, Joans, daughter of NicholM 

StuteviUe, and widow of Wake, but had 

noisauOi His lordship fell under tha baronial 
banner at tba battle of Lewes. 
Ralph, M. Berta, dau^ter of the Baron 
Fumival, and had a daughter, 

Isabel, who M. first, OUbert, son of Walter 

da Lacy, Lord of Meath in Ixelandt 

and secondly, John Fita Geoffrey. 

Hia lordahip who waa alao one of the twenty-five 

baiona appointed to enforce the obaervaace of 

Maova Cbmmta, d. in Iflfifi* and wm*. by his ddeat 



ROGER BIGOD, fourth earl, whoee guardianship 
Alexander, King of Scotland, obtained, for five hu»- 
dred marks. This nobleman attained high reputation 
in an martial and warlike axerchca. Skilful and 
valiant aUke in tha tUtiag, and tha battle field, he 
held a high rank amongat the chivalrous spirits of 
his day, and won many a trc^hy in court and camp^ 
la the tournament held at Blithe, in Nottingham, 
(Slat Henry III.,) whidi terminated in a conflict 
between tha southern and northern birds, the 
Earl of Norfolk waa pre-eminenay distkigulshed* 
andinafow years afterwards he gained new laureb 
at the battle of Zantoigna. But the most remarka- 
ble event In hia lordship's life waa his personal 
dispute with King Henry IIL, m thus stated by 
Dugdale : «< In the SBth Henry IIL, the Earl of 
Norfolk making a just apotogy for Robert de Roe, 
(a great baron of that age,) then charged with some 
crime, which endangered his life, he had very 
harsh language given him by the king, being openly 
called tratfior: whereat, with a stem countenance 
he told him (the king) that ht Umis and, that he 
iwver war, mot wuU b§ a tratfton adding, * ifu^u 
da nothing hut what tha lata taarrantath, you can da 
ma no harm.'—* Yes,' quoth the king, ' I eon thrash 
pour cam, and 9tUit, and *ahmaMaif«a»* To which 
he replied, < Ifjfou do m, IwUimndyou tha heads o/ 
yonr thrasher*.' But by the interposing of Uie kmta 
then present, thia heat soon paated overt ao that 
(shortly after) he was, together with the Earl of 
Ldceater, and aome others, sent on an embassy to 
the King of France, to treat with him for restoring 
some rights, which he withheld from tha king." 
His lordship was subsequently appointed by the 
barons, after their victory at LeweB,(48th Henry III.,) 
Govemor of the CaMtla of Obpobjo^ in Sufiblk. To 
this noUeman, by reason of hia mother Maud, 
being the eldest co-heireeB of William Mareschal. 
Earl of Pembroke, the MAaauALaBip or Eno- 
UANj>, with the righta thereuato belonging, was 
assigned. Hia tordship espoused Isabel, sister of 
Alexander. Ktaig of Scotland, but dying issueless, 
all his honours and possessions devolved upon his 
nephew, (refer to Hugh, second son ot the third 
aarl,) 

ROGER BIGOD, fifth Earl of Norfolk, and second 
Earl Marshal of this family. Thia nobleman took a 
distinguished part in the wars of King Edward I., 
having previously, however, la cot^unction with 
the Eerl of Heieford, coaopeUed even that resolute 
monarch to ratify tub Gbxat Chabtbr, and 
Chabtbbopthb FoaasT.. His lordahip m. first. 
Aliva, daughter and heiroas of Philip, Lord Basset, 



BLO 



BLO 



adirfifawof ffaigh DaqpoMtr, tliria at 
ad Mooadly. Joaae, dm^tor of Jobii d« AaMine* 
BM of BsyomMb but had no itnu by neither. In 
the flSth of Edwaid L, the earl constituted that 
mamidi bia biir, aad ittmnderad into hi* hands* 
Hbt manhaTs rod, upon eonditioik that it ahoubi be 
rahmwdj ia the event of hie haTiag ^ildren, aad 
that te fhonU McelTe £10901 prarapt. aad £1000. 
a ymg tor Ufe. la conaequenee of wlrich aunendar* 
bis lonUi^ was xm ciaatoil Eaei. or Noaroui* ia 
1308, with remainder to his ImIzs noalet by hii flxst 
viftb bat dying witbont iasae» as stated abova, in 
Ave yean afterwaida» the mamlhou became^ aO' 
ending to the sunender, axTiacr, in the Biaob 
Aniiiyt althoqgfa his lordifaip left a brother. 

JOHN BIGOD. his heir at law. whose right aenaa 
to hare been annihilated in this yery lu^ust aad 
aataKMdinary laamiea and lo ooetipleldy daatroyed. 
that he did not even Inherit any of the gaeat estates 
ofUsaoeaaton. 

Aam— Gules, a lion pawant, or.. 

BLOUNT— BARONS MONTJOY OF 
THURVESTON, IN THE 
COUNTY OF DERBY, AND 
EARL OF DEVONSHIRE. 

Barony, by Chartec* dated 80th June, 146ff. 
Karldoan. by Letters Patent, dated 8Ut July, 1003. 

ICiiuagc. 

BLOUND. Lord of Guiancs, In France, had 
three ions, wbo acoompeaied the Conqueror into 
Kiglaad, one of whom retnnied into Normandy, 
while the other two, * 

SIR ROBERT 1 r^^^f'.K"'* . J^*^**^! 
^"**U F hngety, in the spoils of conquest 

era wf i t t Air f— S*' William ohtaining several 
am wiJ-l-lAM.j,^j^j^^pg 5^ Ltocohishire, and 

SIR ROBERT LB BLOUND, no less than thir- 
teen hmkhipa in the county of Suffolk, of which 
Ixwofth waa Hk head of the feudal barony. The 
gnat gi auda o n and Baeai descendant of this Sir 
Robert, 

GILBERT LE BLOUND, Lord of Ixwordk, fa. 
Agaes de Liale, and had two sons, 

Wu.titAJi. who sucosedadto the fiaiflUbenmy, 
and marrying Cicely de Vere, had issue, 
WfiiLiAM, Baron of hcworth, standaid- 
bearer to die army of the insurgent 
bamos, under Simon Moofort, Earl of 
Leicester, and sUdn at the battle of 
Lewes, tssapi Henry liL, when kar- 
iag no issue, the nude line of the 
Banns of Ixworth ceased, and his sis- 
ters became his a>>heix8. 
Agnes, m. to Sir William de^ 

Criclietot f-, . . 

Bobeae. m. to Robert de rCo-n«»- 

Vaknnea. J 

Stephen, m. Marf , only daughter and heiress 

of Sir William le Blound, of Sazlingham, 

in the county of SullbllL, (fourth, in a direct 

line. Ciom Sir WiiUam, brother of Sir B4>- 

bert,) and from this union sprang the 



Bi^oxra* of whldi wa aae now aboat to 

treat, as well as the still eiUatiag fhaiii« of 
tlie name in England. 

WALTER BLOUNT, (deacaoded from the aaid 
Steplien,) waa nude treesurer of Calais in the anth 
of Henry VI.. and had the same ofllce oonllrmed to 
liim upon the accession of King Edward IV. In 
the 4th yeer of which latter mosiarcVa reign, he 
was constitnfted, by letters pataat, dated S4th No- 
▼ember. Loan TaaAaomam of ExoLAwa, ^ the 
neat year, adyanoad. by charter, dated SOth June, 
to the peerage, by the title of BAaoa Montjoy, 
<tf Tkurveaton, in Che ootmtw qf Dsrby. This aoUe- 
man became so staunch an adherent of the House 
of York, that he shared largdy in the oonflacated 
estatas of the leading l.anrasfTisns particularly In 
those of Sir William Carey. Sir William Vaux, and 
Thomas Courieaay. Earl of Devon, obtaining there- 
by extensive territorial possessions in the counties 
of Devon, Cornwall and Worcestsr. He was alao 
honoured with the GAaraa. His lordship m. Anne, 
widow of Humphrey, Duke of Buckingham, and 
had several children, of whom the eldest son. 

John, died in the life-time of his fhther, kav- 
lag issue by Margaret, daughter aad hdiasa 
of Sir Thomas Itchingham, 

Edward, successor to his grandflsther. 
Eliaabeth, m. to Andrews Wiadsor. who 
was sununoned to parliament as BAaoa 
Win Dsoa. in 1528. 
His lordship d. in 1474, and waa «. by his grandson, 

EDWARD BLOUNT, second baron, who died the 
following yeer. having attained only the eighth 
year ci his age. when his estates devolved upon 
his sister, but the Barony of Montjoy reverted to 
his uncle, 

JOHN BLOUNT, third baron, who d, fai 1485k 
leaving by his will, bearing date on the 6th October 
in that year, a chain ot gold, with a gold lion 
set with diamonds, to his son, Rowland Blount, 
and to his daughter, Constantine, £100. for her 
marriage porUon. His lordship was «. by his eldest 
son, 

WILLIAM BLOUNT, fourth baron. This noble- 
man was called to the privy council, upon the acces- 
sion of King Henry VII., and was constituted in the 
Ist year of Henry VIII., Master of the Mint in the 
Tower of London, aa also throughout the whole 
realm of England, and the town of Calais. His lord- 
ship subscribed, in the latter reign, to the articles 
against Cardinal Wolsey, and. the letter to Pope 
Qement the Vllth. regarding the King's divorce 
from Queen Catherine. He m, first. Elisabeth, 
daughter and hdress of Sir William Say, by whom 
he had an only daughter, Gertrude, m. to Henry 
Courtenay, Marquess of Exeter. His lordship m. 
secondly, Dorothy, daughter of Henry Kebtey by 
whom he had a son, CaAaLBS, aad thirdly, Alice 
— -n. He d. in 11195, and waa s. by hia son, 

CHARLES BLOUNT, fifth baron, who in the 
36th Henry VIII., served in the rear-guard of the army 
then sent into France, and by his testament made at 
that time, ordained a stone to be laid over his grave, 
in case he should there be slain, with the following 
cpita|)h, as a memento to his children, to continue 
aad keep themselves worthy of so much honour, as 

61 



BLO 



BLO 



to be caUed forward to die in tlw cauae of their 
king and oouatry. 

Willingly have I sought. 

And willingly have I found* 
The fotal end that wrought 

Me hither, at duly bound. 

Ditdiaig'd I am of that I ought 
To my country by liooett ownde ; 

My MMil departed Christ hath bought. 
The end of man ia ground. 

His lordship died in the following year, anno 1645, 
leaving issue by his wife Anne, dau^ter of Robert, 
Lord WiUoughby de Broke, three sons. Jambs, 
Frands, and William, of whom the eidest, 

JAMES BLOUNT, succeeded as sixth baron. 
This nobleman was one of the peers who sate in 
judgment upon Thomas, Duke of Norfolk, temp. 
Eliaabeth. Hb lordship m. Catherine, daughter of 
Sir Thomas WWs, of the county of York, and had 
two sons, William and Charles. He d. in U03, and 
was «. by the elder, ' 

WILLIAM BLOUNT, seventh baron, who d. in 
1094, «. p., and was «. by his brother, 

CHAklLES BLOUNT, eighth baron. ThisnoUe- 
man, when a commoner, being a person of hi^ mili- 
tary reputation, had a command in the fleet which 
defeated the famous Spanish Armada: and a fow 
years afterwards succeeded the Earl of Sussex in the 
governorship of Portsmouth. In 1097, his lordship 
waa conatituted lieutenant of Ireland; and in two 
years after repulsed the Spaniards with great gal- 
lantry at Kinaale. Upon the acoeaslon of King James, 
he was reinvested with the same important offloe, and 
created by letters patent, dated 21st July, 1O03, Eahi. 
OF DBvotrsHiBa, being made at the same time a 
knight of the most noble order of the Gaktkb. 
The high public character of the earl was, however, 
considerably tarnished by one act of his private 
lifo, the seduction of Penelope, sister of the Earl of 
Essex, and wife of Robert, Lord Ridi. By this 
lady he had several children i and upon his return 
from Ireland, finding her divorced ftom her husband, 
he married her at Wanstead, in Essex, on the 26th 
of December, 1605, the ceremony being performed 
by his chaplain, William Laud, afterward Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury. Camden says, that this 
nobleman was so eminent for valour and learning, 
that in those respects, " he had no superior, and 
but few equals," and hb secretary Moryson, writes, 
*' that he was beautlAil in person, as wdl as valiant ; 
and learned, as well aa wise.** His lordship d. on the 
3rd April, 1006, and leaving no legitimate iaaue, all 
hia honours became xxtinct. 

Abjcs. — ^Bazry nebuUe of six or. and sa. 

BLOUNT— BARONS MONTJOY, OF 
THURVESTON, IN THE 
COUNTY OF DERBY, AND 
EARLS OF NEWPORT. 



Barony 
Earldom, 



n,J P 



Letters f 



1G87. 



Patent, \ 3rd August, 1688. 

MONTJOY BLOUNT, Esq., Okgitimate son of 
Charles BkKint, Earl of Devonshire, by Penelope, 



daughter of Walter Devereilx, first Sail of Eaaex, 
of that family— the divorced wife of Robert, Lord 
Rich, (whom the Earl of Devooahtre aubaequently 
married,) — waa elevated to the peerage of Ireland, 
aa Lord Mowtjoy, or Mont/oy Fobt, by King 
James I., and created in the following reign, anno 
1687, Babow MonT9QY«^'I%utv9»ton, in the county 
qfDertnf, and Earx. ow Nbwpobt, on the 3rd Au- 
gust, Ifltn. Hb lordship m. Anne, daughter of 
John, Lord Butlkb, of Bramfidd, and dying in 
I66ff, was a. by his eldest son, 

GEORGE BLOUNT, second earl, at whose de- 
oeaae, unmarried, in 1676, the honours devolved 
upon hb brother, 

CHARLES BLOUNT, third carl, who Ukewiae 
died a bachdor, in the aame year, and waa «. by 
hb only surviving brother, 

HENRY BLOUNT, 4th carL Thbnobleman in. 
Susanna, daughter of John Briaooe, Esq., and wi- 
dow of Edmund Mortimer, Esq. : by Hying a. p., in 
1681, all hb honours rxpirsd. 

Arms— Bany nebulee of six or ahd aa. 

BLOUNT— BARON BLOUNT. 

By Writ of Sumniona, dated 2Stb January, 1340, 
4 Edward III. 

3Ciiif«0f. 

WILLIAM LE BLUND, OR BLOUNT, having 
m., in the 2nd Edward III., Margerv, one of the 
daughters and co-heiresses of Theobald de Verdon, 
obtained livery of the castle of Webbele, in the 
county of Hereford, with divers other lands and 
lordships, aa her portion of the inheritance, and 
waa aummoned to parliament aa a Baron, ftom 
the 25th January, 1330, to 18th Auguat, 1337. Hb 
lordship had a command in the Scottiah wars, in 
the 9th of Edward III. He d. in 1337, and leaving 
no issue, the Babohy op Bi.ount xxpirbd, while 
hb lordship's estates devolved upon hb brother 
and heir, John Blount, of Sodington, in the county 
of Worcester, from whom descend the present Bap 
ronets (Blount) of Sodington. 

ARMS—Barry, nebulte of six or. and aa. 

BLOUNT-BARON BLOUNT. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 3rd December, 1396, 
90 Edward IL 

XCncagc. 

THOMAS LE BLOUNT, deaoended from a 
younger toandi of the great feudal baronial houae 
of Blound, of Ixworth, (aee Blount, Lorda Mount- 
Joy, and Earb of Devonahire,) waa aummoned to 
parliament aa a Baron, from the 3rd December, 
1396, to the 15th June, 1398. Hb Umbhip m. Julian, 
daughtar of Thomaa de Leibum, and widow of 
John, Lord Bergavenny, but it doea not appear 
that he had any laaue^ In the 20th of Edward II., 
Lord Blount being steward of the king's household, 
eapouaed the cauae of the queen after the taking of 
Brbtol,and the flight of the Ung faito Walo. Of 
t^nobleman or hb deaoeodanU, nothing Airther 



BOH 



BOH 



bdiag knofPB, It I* pntaincd that tiie barany nc- 
piKso at hia dnrwuft i 
A«Ms— Bany nalmUa af alz or aad aa. 

BliOUNT— EARL OF DEVONSHIRE. 
By Latttaa Patant, dated Slst July 1803. 

Xfiuagc. 

See CouTtenay, Earls of Derail. 

BOHUN—BARONS BOHUN OF MIB- 

HURST. 

By Writ oi Sammona, dated lit June, 1963. 
87tli Edward IIL 

Xfncagc 

In addition to the ilhiafrkNis houae of BofauB, 
Barla of Heieftnd, Wmrr, a&d Northampton, there 
another ftmily of the lame name, and probably 
from the lame aouroe^ whoaa chief teat 
at Midhunt* in the county of Suimk. In the 
naftk of King Henry III. 

SAVARIE DB BOHUN held three knighta' feea 

in Ford and Midhuxst, and had to wife, , fister 

of John Fits GeOey, Jnatice of Irdand, by whom 
hehadiaBue, 

FRANCO DE BOHUN, whom. Slbel, one of the 
danghtcra of William de Femn, Earl of Derlyy, by 
Sibel, hia wife, daughter to William Mayhmi, sarl 
of Pembroke, and aiater and eo-heiren of Aiudm, 
Earl of Pembroke, by whom ha had a mo and luo- 



JOHN DE BOHUN, aeiiJeant of the king's 
Chapel, and tpigumel, that is, sealer of the writs, 
temp. Edward I. In the twelfth year of wjiich reign 
he d., Icairing with other children, his successor, 

JAMES DE BOHUN, whom, one of the daughters 
and co-heiresBes of WQliam de Braose, of Gowor, and 
W3H A by his son, 

JOHN DE BOHUN, who making proof of hb 
agt, and doing homage, had livery of his lands in 
die 16tb Edward II. " This is he, (says Dugdale,) 
who for his great services in Flanders, and dsewhere 
beyond sea, in 14th Edward III., (when the king 
flzst laid chiim to the crown of France,) as also in 
that famous expedition into France^ 19th Ed- 
ward IIL, (shortly after which, the king obtained 
that glorious victory at Crcsaey, whereof our his- 
torians make ample mention,)- became afterwards 
one of the BAnova of the realm, being summoned 
to sit in parliament, in 37tb, aSth, and Sfth of that 
kinif s reign." His lordship m. first, Isabd , by 

irtKOsn he had two daughters, via. 

Joone, at. to Jchn de L'lde, of Gatcombe. 
Sveu 
The bann a. secondly, Ceoely, daughter and hdreas 
of John FIDol, of Essex, and left a son and heir, 

JOHN DE BOHUN, who attaining majority in 
the 7th Richard II., and doing hia homage, had 
livery of bb lands; but he does not appeer ever to 
have been summoned to parliament as a baron, 
neithflr were hia descendants considered as such. 
He was «. by his son, 

HUMPHREY DB BOHUN, whose son and sue- 



JOHN DB BOHUN. left at hia deeeaae^ la the 
reign ot Henry VII., two daughtara» co-hahassast 
via. 

Mary, m. to Sir David Owen, KnL, natural 
son of Owen Tudor, grandlbther of King 
Henry Vllth, by whom she had— Henry, 
Jaaper, Roger, and Anne. 
Ursula, m. to Robert SonthweUi of the county 
ofSuflblk. 
Aniu.— Or. a crasa, aa. (in a field or.) 



BOHUN— EARLS OF HEREFORD, 
EARLS OF ESSEX, EARLS 
OF NORTHAMPTON, AND 
HIGH CONSTABLES OF 
ENGLAND. 

The first Earldom, by Charter of Creation, 

«th April, lUW. 
The second, by the same, of King Henry III. 
The third, by the same, I7th March, U87. 

ICiiuasc. 

The founder of this fiunily in England was, 

HUMPHREY DE BOHUN, Unsman and com- 
panion in arms of William the Conqueror, generally 
known as *« Humtptirw^ with th^ Btard;** by reason 
that most of the Normans did at that period totally 
shave their liMes. Of this Humphrey little more is 
ascertained than that he possessed the kirdship of 
Taterford, in Norfolk, and was «. by his son, 

HUBCPHREY DB BOHUN, sumamed the 
Gubat, who by command of King William Ruftia 
espoused Maud, daughter of Edward de Saresbury, 
(progenitor of the ancient Earls of Sarum,) by 
whom he acquired large estates In the county of 
Wilts, and had issue, Maud, and his successor, 

HUMPHREY DE BOHUN, who was steward 
and sewer to King Henry I. This feudal lord mar- 
ried Margery, daughter of Milo de Gloucester, Earl 
of Hereford, Lord. High Consteble of England, and 
sister and co-heiress of Mabel, last Earl of Hereford, 
of that fiunUy. At the instigation of which MUo. 
he espoused the cause of the Emprem Maud and her 
son, against King Stephen, and so fUthftiUy main- 
tained bis aUegianoe, that the empress, by her es- 
pecial charter, granted him the office of steward 
and sewer, both in Normandy and England. In 
the 90th of Henry II., this Humphrey accompanied 
Richard de Lacy, (Justice of EngUud,) Into Soot- 
land, with a powerful army, to waate that country i 
and was one of the witnesses to the accord made by 
William, King of ScoU, and King Henry, as to the 
subjection of that kingdom to the crown of Eng- 
bmd. He died on the 0th April, 1187, and" waa §» 
lyyhbsori, 

HUMPHREY DE BOHUN, who was Earl or 
Hbrsfobd, and CowaTABLa of England, in right 
of his mother, if the Chronicles of Lanthohy be cor- 
rect. His lordship m. Margaret, daughter of Henry, 
Earl of Huntingdon, sister of WilUam, King of 
Scots, and widow of Cooale Petit, Earl of Britanny 
and Richmond, and was «. by hb son, 

HENRY DE BOHUN, who in reality was the 
first Earl or Hbrrvoro, of this fiunUy, being so 
created by charter of King John, dated flSth April, 

08 



BOH 



BOH 



1109; bat thft coMtablethlp he Inherited tnm Ui 
father. HU kmidshlp taking part with Uie taaxons 
against King John, had his lands sequestered, but 
tiiey wererestoredat the signing Qf If aonaCharta, 
at Runnimede, the earl being one of the twenty-five 
lords, appointed there, to enlbroe the ofaservance 
of the celelmited charters. His lordship was su1>- 
lequently eKoammunicated by the pope, and he 
became a prisoner at the battle of Lincotai, in the 
1st year of Henry III. Hetn. Maud, daughter of 
Crenft-ey Fita-Piers, Earl of Essex, and eventually, 
heiress of her brother, William de Mandevill^ laet 
Earl of Essex of that fkmily, (see Mandeville, Earls 
ef Essex,) by whom he acquired the honour qfEuex, 
tad other extensive k>rdidLips«— and had surviving 
issue, Humpluey, and Ralph, and a daughter Mar- 
gery, who m. Waleran, Earl of Warwick. Hb lord- 
ship d. ah the 1st Jannary, 1280, and was s. by his 
son, 

HUMPHREY DE BOHUN, as Eakl op Hbrb- 
roRo, and possessing the honour of Essex, through 
his mother, was created Eablofthat couhty, by 
King Henry III., at whose marriage his lordship 
performed the oAce of marshal in the king's house, 
and ia three years afterwards, anno 1239, was one 
of the godfkthers at the font, for Edward, eldest 
son of the king, there being no less than nine spon- 
sors on the occasion, via., five t emp or al and four 
spiritual lords. In 1S46, he signed with the rest of 
the Engttdi peers, a letter to thepope, remonstrate 
ing against tiie oppression of the Court of Rome, 
nnder which the kingdom at that period groaned, 
and threatening to ftee themedves, if not speedily 
redressed. In 1860, he took up the cross and pro- 
ceeded to the Holy Land. In three years after- 
wards, his lordship was present, with other peers, 
when that formal cune was denounced in West- 
minster Hall, with heUt booXr, and eandle, against 
the violators of Magna Charta : in which year, he 
founded the Church of the Fryert AugtutUua, in 
Broad-street, within the city of London. In the 
great contest b e twe e n the king and his barons, this 
nobleman fought under the banner of the latter, at 
Evesham, where he was taken prisoner, but he did 
not long continue in bondage, for we find him soon 
after, again in favour, and receiving new grants ttom 
the crown. His lordship m. first, Mand, dau^ter 
of the EUorl of Ewe, by whom he hadksue, 

HuMPHRST, a very distinguished person 
amongst tiie rebellious barons, in the reign 
of Henry III. In the 47th of that monarch, 
he was excommunicated* with Sinum de 
Montfort, Earl of Leicester, and others, for 
plundering divers churches, and committing 
sacrilege. He was afterwards one of the 
commanders at the battle of Lewes, where 
the king was made prisoner, and was con- 
stituted Governor of Goodrich, and Win- 
chester Castles. In the year following, he 
commanded the inltatry at the battle of 
Evesham, where he fell into the hands of 
the royalists* and was sent prisoner to Bees- 
ton Castle in Cheshire, where he soon after- 
wards died, leaving issue by his wife, Eleanor, 
daughter and co-heir of William de Breause, 
of Brecknock, and co-heir of her mother. 
64 



Eve, one td the fire daughtflirs and oo-heirri 
of William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke. 
H UMPIRXT. who sttooeeded his gandflither. 

Maud, m. to Ansehn MaresdhaL 

Alice, IN. to -*— Theny. 

— --, m. to — Quincy. 

HUPHREY DE BOHUN, Earl of Hereford, 
Earl of Essex, and Lord High Constable. Thi» 
nobleman inheriting the high and daring spirit of 
his predeceesoTB, often strenuously opposed the 
measures of the court, and was often therefore in 
disgrace, but he appears at the dose of his career to 
have regained rojnsl favour, for we find him attend- 
ing the king into Scotland, when that monarch, 
(Edward I.,) obtained a great victory near Rox- 
borough. His lordship m. Maud, daughter of In- 
gebam de Fines, and third sister of William, Lord 
Fines, and dying in ise, was t. by his son, 

HUMPHREY DE BOHUN, as Earl of Henford, 
Earl of Essex, and Lord High Constable^ In tiie 
90th Edward L, this nobleman gave and granted 
unto the king, by a formal oonvenanc^ the inherit- 
ance of all his lands and lordships, as also, of 
his Fjirldoms of Hcseford and Essex, and the 
Consfbleship oi England, whidi upon his mar* 
riage with Elisabeth Phmtagenet, widow of John, 
Earl of Holland, and daughter of the king, 
were regranted to him, and entailed upon his 
issue lawftiUy begotten by that lady; In dcfinilt 
thereof, and firom and after the death of himself 
and wift, then the lordship of Phnseta, and certain 
other lordships in Essex, and elsewhere, together 
with the oottstableship, should remain wholly to 
the king and his heirs for ever. In the 34th of the 
same reign he had a gnmt, similariy entailed, of 
the whole territory of Anandale, in Scotland. After 
this, his kndship was in the wars of Scodand, and 
was taken prisoner, in the 7th Edward II., at the 
disastrous battle, (to the English) of StryveUn. But 
he was exdianged fbr the wifJB of Robert Bruce, 
who had long been captive fai England. From this 
period we find him -constantly engaged in the ser- 
vice of the crown, until the fourteenth year of the 
king's reign, when Edward leaning that the eari 
was raisfaag fbrces in the marches of Wales, against 
Hugh de Spencer the younger, sent him a peremp- 
tory omnmand to forbear, whidi his lordship not only 
reftised obeying, but forthwith jofaied Thomas, 
Earl of Lancaster, in the great insurrection then 
Indted by that nobleman, for the redress of cer- 
tain grievances, and the banishment of the Spencers. 
In this proceeding, however, he eventually lost his 
life, bdng run through the body by a soldier at the 
battle of BoRODOHBRinoB, In Yorkshire, where 
his party reodved so signal a defeat on the 16th 
March. 1381. The carl had issuOf-five surviving sons, 
and two survivtaig daughters, via. 

"successors primogeniturdy to 
the honours. The ddest was 
made a Knight of the Bath in 
the aoth Edward II., having 
by special command of Prince 
Edward, the robes Ibr that so* 
lemnity out of the royal ward- 
robe, as for an earL 



JoHir, 

HUMPRRBY, ' 

Edward, 



BOH 



vBOL 



WnuAM, « p < M O ii ^» o# giMt emliMnce in 
the tarbalent timet in whidi he lived : and 
one of the gsllmt hsroef of Crs88bt. In 
the parliflloeBt held et beodon, in the 11th 
Edward II L, upon the adTaacemeat of tl>e 
Black Prince to the dukedom of CaniwaU, 
he vat created Earic ov NonYnAJfrrow, 
(17th lfai«li, 1337,) Ad ftwn that period. 
Ids lordihip appears tlie constant oomponion 
in ems of tte inartial- Ehwaad. and his 
illustrious son. At Cressey, he was in the 
aeoond battalia of Uie EngUsh army, and he 
was frequently engaged in the sulisequent 
wars of France and Scotfauid. He was en- 
trusted at ^i flU e at periods with the most 
important ofSces, sudi as ambassador to 
treat of peace- with hostile powen» com- 
missioner to lery ttfoope, dte. IkC, nad li* 
was ftulBy honoured with thb OAmTsa. 
Mia iotdsUp m. Eliabeth, danghter of Bar- 
t ho l o asew de nadloan ei e ^ one of the e»- 
heirs of her brother, Oiln, and widow of 
Edmund de Mtntbam,' by whom 1m had an 
only son, 

H vMPHmvr. second Bariof Northampton, 
of whom >]iefiaAer ae tnnmtn' to his 
nnde, in the carldomiof Hereford and 
Euex, and 'canatsUesUp^ England. 
He A in laiQi ' 

to James Bntler, Earl of Or- 



Uargsret, m. to Hugh, bob and heir of Hugh 
deCovrtenayt fl»t Earl of Devonshire. 
The eeri waa «. by hia eldest son, • 

SIR JOHN DE BOHUN, R.a at Sari of Here- 
ford. Earl of Essex, and Lord High Oonilabie. 
This nobleman, who had served in die Scottish 
wars, being in an infirm state of health, was allowed 
in the 4tii Edward III., » depute his brother Bd- 
waid^to'exeoote the duties of eonMslble. Hit lord- 
ship M. Bist, Lady AHce Fite^dail, -daughter of 
Edmund, Earl of Arundel, and secondly, Margaret, 
dangUter of Raipbi Lettd Basset of* Drayton, but 
liadnDlBsaei He tf. fa 1330» When alThis honours 
cad estalea devirived upon hie neatt brother, 

HUMPHREY DE BOHUNv Bferl of Hereford, 
EarIoffEaBe>,aBdI.A««Rlgl»Constab]ekKO. This 
noblemaa was one of the gnat lords wiu> assisted, in 
the IBth of Edward Ilf ., at the cdebMited feast and 
justs which the king then hdd at London in honour 
oftheCoaHtessofSaliiilniry, and, WtheSOthof the 
sam« taenaicfa, ettended thb king to theieUefof 
Agnikni, dien besieged tiy the Piwch. His lordsliip 
never married, and dying hi '1361, Ids honours and 
i l et wied to Msf nephew (seBWWiaiA, fourth 
of the last earl but one), 

HUM^RBY DE BOHUN, saftmd earl of 
KotChampton, Hun a nrtnoi; and imder the guar- 
diaaahlpofRtehasdEaflof ATuhdeL Hte ler<Uiip 
did not, however. Hang eajlOf ttA% gieat acoAtaular 
tioB of wealth and Honettr, 'for hfe diedto'lflTB* in 
tihe thirty s ec ond 'ytfir'of hitf age, letting, by his 
wifo Jottae, daughter of his late guardian, the Earl 
of Aruadri, two daughters, his colieirsi vis. 

Allanore, m. to Thomas of Woodstock, Duke 
of GVMceiter, sixth son of King Edw« III. 



m, to Itairy, Eiit of DMby, (eon df 

Joknef Oeimt, Dnke of Lancaster,) whoaf- 

terwavds ascanded the throne as HsmiT lY. 

Upon the deoeese of this nobieeaan, the EAmi> 

DOM ow HMtBPomD ■Knma» t but hit son In- 

bwv the Earl of Dai^, was eubsequentiy created 

(in 1307) Dims ov HaMyenn, prior,- of course, 

to his becoming Kiko or Enoulitd, while tiie 

lordships of BMex and Nerthanfptan, addth* cow- 

eTABLneBip, foB to his other son-in-law, the Duke 

of Gloucester, and the EAai.i>oiia of Eaanz and 

NonTUAMPioir encAiin nxTurcT. ^ 

Arms->^ a bend ar. between two cottipcs and 
six lions rulpant or. •, / i. if 7 ^ r 

BOLEYNE — VISCOUNT ROCH- 
FORD, EARL OF WILT. 
SHIRE, AND EARL OF 
ORMONDE. 



/: U 



2SS'}^'^^**-^{ 



18th June, Ifias. 
SthDec, IMft 



XCncagc* 



The family of Bnllen, or Botoyde, is said to have 
been of andent date in the oodnty of Norfolk : we 
shall, however, begin with 

SIR GEOFFREY BOLEYNE, who, setUing in 
the city of London, attained great opulence as a 
mercer there, and had the honour of UMing the 
Lord Maytn** chair In the year 1458, when he was 
made a knigitt beciielor. He ei. Anne^ eldest 
daughter and co-heiress of Thomas Lord Noo and 
Hasfingt,'by wHom he baui sevend chUdrta, of 
which the eldest son, 

SIR WILLIAM BOLEYNE, settled at BMck- 
ling, in Norfolk, and m. Matgaret, youn^t daugh- 
ter of Thomas Buder; seventh Earl of Otmondr, by 
whom, with other issue, he left, at Us decease in 
U06, a son' and heir, 

SIR THOMAS BOLEYNE. This genUeroan 
took up arms in the ISth of Henry VII., with his 
fotherandotherpetsoiis of rank, against the Cor- 
nish rebdst and in the beginning of tlie nexC reign, 
beinir <">• ^ the knights of the klng^ body, was 
constituted g of e m oi of the Castle of Norwich, 
Jointly frith Star Henry Wyatt, KnL, mastte of the 
king's Jewri'hous^ In the next year he was one of 
tlw ambassadors to the Emperor Mflxtmilian, touch- 
ing- a wa^ with Franeei and a fowyeatfs afterwarda 
was appointed sole constable of Norwich CaMle. 
In the 11th of the same rdgn, being ambassador 
to France, he ananged the pteliminarise for 
the fomeus interview between lUs royal mastA 
and Francis I., between OulsDea and Ardres. In 
three years afterwards he was ambassador to thd 
court of Spain, and was Advanced to the peerage on 
the 18th June, 1325, in the dignity of ViBcouirr 
RocHvoao. In 1987 his lOTdship was one of the 
commissioners to invest the king of Frands with 
the order of the Garter. In 15S9 he subscribed the 
articles then exhltrited against Cardinal Woolseyt 
and upon the 8th ot December, in the same year, 
being then a knight of the Garter, he was advanced 
K « 



BOL 



BON 



to the EAMLDOira of Wiltsbxmb and Oewoitdb— 
the former to the heir* of his body, and the latter 
to hein generaL In the January following, hia 
lordahip was nominated lord privy-seal, soon 
alter which he was again accredited to the court 
of Spain. The earl m. Elisabeth, daughter of 
Thomas Howard, Duke of Norfolk, and had 
issue, 

OxoaoB, who was summoned to parliament in 
the life-time of his father, as Vibcount 
Rochfohjd. This nobleman was deputed 
by King Henry to announce his private 
marriage with his lordships sister, Anne 
Boleyne, to the king of France, and to so- 
licit that monarch's advice regarding its 
public avowaL In two years afterwards he 
was made constable of Dover Castle, and 
lord warden of the Cinque-Ports. Again the 
viscount was accredited to Versailles, in the 
87th of his brother-in-law's reign, touching 
a projected union between the king's infant 
daughter, Eliaabeth, and one of the sons of 
France. His lordship, who had risen with 
his sister, shaded in the downfal of that 
unhappy lady— was committed to the Tower 
on the 8d of May, isas, and arraigned and 
bdieaded on the 17th of the same month. 
He m. Jane, daughter of Sir Henry Parker, 
(ddest son and heir of Henry, Lord Morley,) 
an inftmous woman, who continued a lady 
of the bed-chamber to the three succeeding 
queens, but eventually shared the fate of 
Cathedne Howard* His lordship had no 
Issue. He was attainted soon after his exe- 
cutioo. 
AiTNS, created BlARCHiONBaa or Pbm- 
BBOKB on the 1st Sept. 1598, married in 
the following year to King Henry VIII., 
and thus became guaaif coiraoBT of 
Ebolaitd. Beheaded in 1536, leaving an 
only child, 

E&isabbth, who ascended the English 
throne, as qubbb rbobant, at the 
decease of her half-sister, Mary, on 
the 17th November, 1558L 
Mary, m. to William Carey, Esq., whose son 
and heir was created, in 1558, Baron Huns- 
don, (see Carey, Lord Hunsdon). 
The Eferl of Wiltshire and Ormonde died in two 
years after his unhappy son and daugh^, when 
the ViacouBTT of Rochpobd and Eabi^dom 
or Wix.TaRiBB became bztimct, that of Oa- 
MOBDB being to heirs general, fell into abeyance 
between the representatives of his daughters— 
*' On the death of Queen Elisabeth,** says Nicolas, 
** the only issue of Anne Boleyn, the ^est co- 
heir, became bxtiitct, when it is presumed 
that the abeyance, agreeable to the limitation, 
terminated, and consequently that dignity re- 
verted to the representative of the other co- 
heir, the hdr general of whom is the present 
Earl of Berkdey, and under the said limitation, 
must probably be considered as Eabl or 0»- 

MOND.** 

Abmb.— -Ar. a ehev. gules, beCw. three buUs' heads, 
sa. armed or. 



BOLEYNE->MARCHIONES8 OF 
PEMBROKE. 

By Letters Patent, dated 1st September, 1592. 

ICittcagc. 

This dignity was con f eried by King Henry VIII. 
upon hu unhappy Queen Anne Boleyne, prior to 
his nuurriage. For that unfortunate lady's fsmily 
(see Boleyne, Earl of Wiltshire and Ormonde). 

BONVILE— BARON BONVILE. 

By Writ of Summons, dated SSrd S^tember, 1449» 
aoth Henry VL 

Xintagc. 

In the 4th of Richard IL, 

SIR WILLIAM DE BONVILE was constituted 
sheriff of the counties of Somerset and Dorset, 
which trust he also held the next ensuing year : and 
in the 13th of the same reign was sheriff of Devon- 
shire; He d, in 1406, and was «. by his grandson, 

SIR WILLIAM BONVILE, who. in the 5th of 
Henry V., in the expedition then made into France, 
was of the retinue of Thomas, Duke of Clarence, 
the king's brother. In the 1st year of Henry VI. 
Sir William was appointed sheriff of l)evon^re, 
and being afterwards engaged in the French wars, 
wherein he deported himadf with great valour, he 
was constituted seneschal of the duchy of Aqui- 
taine, and had summons to parliament as a babon, 
Arom.83rd September, 1449, to 30th July, 1460, under 
the title of LoBD Bobvilb, q^ Chutim. His lord- 
ship subsequently espousing the interests of the 
house of York, was one of those to whom the 
custody of King Henry VI. was committed after the 
battle of Northampton, but the tide of fortune 
turning, his lordship lost his head, with the Duke 
of Exeter and the Earl of Devon, after the second 
battle of St. Albans. Lord Bonvile had an only 



WuLiAM, who died before the baron, having 
m. Elisabeth de Harrington, daughter and 
heir of William, Lwd Harrington, and leav- 
ing an only child, 

WiLiLiiAM, commonly odled Lord Har- 
rington, who m. Lady Catherine Nevil, 
daughter of Richard, Earl of Salisbury, 
and had an only daughter, Cbcfly. 
This William was shun at the battle of 
Wakefidd, fighting under the banner 
of the house of York, in the 90th 
Henry VL 
Lord BonvUe was succeeded, at his decease, by hia 
great grand-daughter, the above mentioned Cbcily 
BomriiiB, who married, first, Thomas Grey, Mar- 
quess of Dorset, and secondly, Henry Stafford; 
Earl <rf Wiltshire, but had issue by the former only. 
Through this union the BABOiriBe or Boitvilb 
AND Habbiitoton Were conveyed to, and continued 
in the famUy of Grey, until the attainder of Henry 
Grey. Duke of Suffolk, (grandson of the s^d 
Thomas and Cecily.) in 1554, when, with his grace's 
other honours, those dignities BzriBSD. 
ABMa^-fia. six mullets ar. pierced gu. 



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BOOTH— BARONS DELAMERE, OF 
DUNHAM MASSIE,IN THE 
COUNTY OF CHESTER, 
AND EARLS OF WAR- 
RINGTON. 

i^»i«»r«<Hi,s i7tji April, 1680. 



;.}•' 



{ 



Xineagc. 



ThefiunllyofBotiTHWMofgimtvapale md ho- 
aoacalde station in the eountlet of Lancaster and 
Cheater ftn- feveral centuries befine it arrived to the 
dignity of the peerage. 

ADAlk DE BOOTHS, so called fhnn his place of 
abode in Lancashire, was flsther of 

WILLIAM OE BOOTHS, Uving in 187A, who m. 
Sibd, daughter of Sir Ralph deBereton, Knt,and 
was ». by his son* 
THOMAS DE BOOTHS, to whom «. his son. 
JOHN DE BOVTHB, living temp. Edw. IL, 
who m. Agnes, daughter and heiress of Sir Gilbert 
de Barton, and was «. by his scm. 

SIR THOMAS BOUTH,ofBarton,caUed" To- 
nkin of the Bootbes,'* m. Ellen, daughter of Tho- 
mas de Workesley, Esq., of Workesley, now Wor»- 
ley, in the county of Lancaster, and had Issue, 
JoHX, his successor. 
Henry— left a son, John. 
Thoma»-4eft a son, Robert. 
Alioe, m. first, to William Leigh, Esq., of Ba- 
guley, in the county of Chester, and se- 
condly, to Thomas Ouncalf, Esq., of Fox- 
wist. 
Catherine. 



Anne, m. to Sir Edward Weeyer. 
Sir Thomas was «. by his ddest son, 

JOHN BOUTH, Esq., of Barton, who IlTed in 
the reigns of Richard II. and Henry IV., and m. 
first, Joan, daughter of Sir Henry Traflbrd, of Traf- 
fbrd, in the county of Lancaster, by whom he had 



Thomas, who reeeiTed the honour of knight- 
hood in the 14th Henry VL Sir Thomas m. 
a daughter of Sir George Carrington, Knt., 

and widow of Weever, and had issue. 

Sir John Bouth, KnL, to whom King Hen. 
VII. granted an annuity of 10 marks 
sterling for his good services. Sir John 
Ml at modden-Field fai the ffth of 
Henry VIII., and his male line ceased 
with his great-grandson, Johk, who 
left, at his decease, three daughters, 
co-h ri r c ss cs . 
Robert, of whom presently, as ancestor of the 

Lords Delamere. 
WUUam, Archbbhop ot York. 
Richard, of Striddand, near Ipswich, in the 

county of Suflblk. 
Roger, fR. Catherine, daughter and heiress 
of Ralph Hatton, Esq., of Mollington, near 
Chester, and had issue, 

Robert Booth, Esq., of Sawky, in the 
county of Derby. 



Isabel, m. to Ralph Neril, third earl of 

Westmoreland, and had issue, 

Anira, who m. WllUam Lord Co- 

niers. 

John, Bishop of Exeter, anno 14fi5 1 buried in 

the church of St. Clement Danes, London, 

Ralph, Axchdeaoon <tf York. 

Margery, m. to John Byron, Esq., of Clayton, 

in the county of Lancaster. 
Joan, m. first, to Thomas Sherbonie, Esq., 
Stanhurst, in the county of Lancaster, and 
secondly, to Sir Thomas Sudworth, Knt 
Catherine, m. to Thomas Ratcliflb, Esq., of 

Wimmorley. 
AlleCf m. to Sir Robert Clifton, Knt., of Clif- 
ton, in the county of Nottingham. 
Mr. Booth married a second wife, (but the lady's 
name is not known,) and left a son, 

Laurence Booth, who was chancellor of the 
university of Cambridge, bishop of Dur- 
ham, and afterwards archbishop of Yoik. 
His lordship was appointed keeper of the 
privy-seal in the 3Sth of Henry VL, and 
I.0110 CBAivcaLLOR OF ENOLAxn In the 
lath of Edward IV. Hed.inl480L 
The line Sir Thomas Bouth, the ddest son, termi- 
nating, as stated above, in co-hd rcs s cs, we proceed 
with the second son, 

SIR ROBERT BOUTH, Knt, of Dunham 
Massie, in the county of Chester, which seat he ac- 
quired by his wife. Douce, daughter and co-heiress 
of Sir William Venables, of Bollen. in the same 
shire i which Sir William was son of Joane, daugh- 
ter and heir of Hamon Fitton, who was grandson of 
John Fitton, of Bollen, by Clcelie his wife, eldest 
daughter and co-heir of Sir Hamon de Massie, the 
sixth and last Baron of Dunham Maasie, one of fbB 
eight feudal lordships instituted by Hugh Lupus, 
Earl of Chester, in the time of the Conqueror. By 
this lady Sir Robert Bouth had no less than nine 
sons and five daughters. Of the former, 

William, the eldest, inherited the fortune. 

Phillip, the youngest, m. ^ daughter and 

heiress of Sir William Hampton, of Wei* 
Ungton, Knt 
The daughters were, 

Lucy, m. to WiUlam Chauntrell, Esq., of 

the Bache, near Chester. 
Ellen, m. to Robert Leigh, Esq., of Adlington, 

in the county of Chester. 
Alice, m, to Robert Hesketh, Esq., of Ruf- 
ford, in the county of Lancaster, anceator 
of the Baronets Hesketh. 
Joan, m. to Hamond Massie, Esq., (rf Rlxtoo, 

Lancashirei 
Margery, m, to James Scarebrich, Esq. 
Sir Robert mi his eldest son had a grant of the 
office of sherlif of Cheshire for both their lives, 
and to the survivor of them, by patent, dated at 
Chester on the 8th of March, in the Slst of 
Henry VI., with all fees appertaining to the said 
office, and to execute its duties, either personally or 
by deputy. Sir Robert died on the 16th Septem- 
ber, 1400, and was «. by his eldest son, 
SIR WILLAM BOTHE, who m. Maud, daugh- 

9f 



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t«rof J<dm DattoD, Efq.* of Dutton, in the county 
of Chester, by whom he had Are toiiB and nine 
daughtos, wUdi daughters were, 

Douoe, m. to Thomaa Leigh, Eiq., of West 

Hall^ .in the county of Chester. 
Aqne, m. first, to Joh|i Leigh, Esq., of Booths, 
ClMshire, and secondly, to Geofftry Sha- 
kerly, of Shakerly, in the county of Lancas- 
ter. 
Ellen, m. to Sir John>Leig}>, of Bitfuley, In the 

county of Chester. 
Margery, m. John Uy4«> EsQ-i of Haighton, 
. Lanouhire; 
Alice, m. to John Asliley, l^iuitf of Ashley, in 

the county of Chester, 
^liiaheth, m. to Thoniai Fitto«, Elsq., of Pow- 

nail, Cheshire. 
Joane. m. to Willkm UoU, Esq. 

Catherines 
Sir William d. in U76, and was «. by his eldest 
>on» 

OEOROE BOTHE, Esq. This gentleman m. 
Calhertne, daughter and heiress of Robert Mount- 
fort, .Es^, of BeMTotf^ in the county of Stallbrd, and 
of Monkspath, Warwiduhire, by whom he acquired 
considerable estate^in the countiesof Salop, Stailbnt, 
Warwick. Leicester, Wilts, Somanet, Cornwall, 
and Hereford, and had issue, 
WiLviAMt . his successor, 

. Roger. 

Alice, m. to William Maasie, Esq., of Denfield, 

in the cpunty of Chester. 
£llen> m. first, to Thomas Vaudrey, Esq., and 
secondly, to — — Traflbrd, Esq., of Bridge- 
Traflbrd. 
Mr. Bothe d. in 1483. and was «. by his eldest 

SOOa 

SIQl WILLIAM BOTHE, Knto who m. first, 
Margareft, daughter and co-heir of Sir Thomas Ashe- 
Um, of Ashten-under-Lyne, in the county sMT Lan- 
caster, and of his wife Anne> daughter of Ralph, 
Lord Oivyilock, by which alliance a great accession 
of proper t y came to the liunily of Bother He had 
issue of this marriage, 

George, his suc cess or. 
, .John, m. to Margery, daughter of Sir Piers 
Dutton, of Dutton, in the county of Ches- 
ter, and had two sons, William and Ro* 
bert. 
Sir Willifum m. aecondly, EQen, daughter of Sbr 
John Montgomery, of Trewly» in the county of 
Staflbrd, and had 

William, m. to , daughter of Smith, 

Esq., oi the coimty of Leicester. 
Hammet, m. to -— i dau^ter of Humphrey 
Newton, Esq. 
, Edward, m. to Mary, dau^ter and co-heir of 
Roger Knutsford, Esq., of Twcmlow, In the 
county of Chester, from, whom des ce nded 
ihe Booths of Twemkm Hall, still ex- 
tant. 
Henry, >■«. to — ^, da u g h t er of — — Bowdon, 

Esq., of the eounty of Chester. 
Andmr. 



Jane, m. first, to Hugh, son and heir of Sir 
Piers Dutton, of Duttoo, in the county of 
Chester, and aecondly, to Thomas Holford, 
Esq., of Holford, In the same shiie. 
Dorothy, m. to Edward, son and heir of Lau- 
rence Warren, Esq., of Pointon, in the 
county of Chester. 
Anne, m. to Sir William Biereton, of Brare- 
ton, Cheshire^ 
Sir William d. 9th November, in the 11th Hen. VIII., 
and was «. by his eldest son, 

GEORGE BOTHE. Eaq.» who in. Blbabeth, 
daughter of Sir Thomas Botder, of Beausey, near 
Warrington, and had issue, 
OnoRGB, his successor. 

John, m. to Elisabeth, daughter of Joh Dut. 
ton, Esq., and left Ibiir sonst . 
William. 
Robert. 
Edmund. 
Henry. 
Rotert. In holy orders, rector of Thomton-ln- 

tbe*MQon* In the county of Chester. 
EUen, m. to John Carrington, Esq., of Car- 

rington. 
Atuie« m. to William Maasie, Esq., of Poping- 

tOB. 

Margaret, m. to Sir William Davevport, of 

BromhalL 
Elisabeth, m. RidMod Sutton, Esq., of Sutton, 

near Macclesfield. 
DoiotlQr, m,. to BobRt Taltoo* Esq.* of Wil- 

thenshaw. 
Alice, m. to Peter Daniel* E»%., of Over-Tab- 

ley. 
Cedlie, d. unmarried. 
Mr. Bothe died in the SM Henry VIIL, and was ». 
by his eldest spo. 

GEORGE BOTHE, Esq., who left, at his de- 
cease in 1540, e eon and three daughters, via. 
William, his successor. 
Elisabeth, m. to Wittiam ChauntreU, Esq., of 

the Bache,. near Chnter. 
Mary, m. to Handle Davenport, Esq., of Hen- 
bury, in the county of Chester. 
Asni^ nu to. ^-i- Wenfcwoith. Esq., of the 
county of York. 
To this George Bothe^ Queen Jane Seymour com- 
manded a letter to be written, acquainting him with 
theUrth of a son, (aflerwards King £dward VL,) 
bearing date, at Hampton Court, the very day of 
her delivery, October Uth, SHh Henry VIIL. in 



«( 



Bt tbb QuBur. 
Truaty and weUieioved, we grete youe welL 
And for asmudie as by the inestiwable goodness and 
grace of Almighty God, we be delivered and brought 
in childbed of a prince, oonadved In most lawftil 
matrimonle between my Lord the King's Ma)estye 
and us, doubting not but that for the love and af- 
fection which yrbeere unto ue, and to the commyn 
wealth of this reahncb the knowledge .thereof shud 
be Joy6us and glad tidings unto youe, we have 
thought fit to certifie youe of the samsk Tothintent 
ye might not only rendrounto God condigne thanka 
and praise for soo grea^a tKnefit, but also pray fbr 



BOO 



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tbm kmg cD ntaHitnc^ ttd pwwrvt ioii of Um mom 
in tUsUcf, to the bonor of God, J07 and pla- 
of my Lord the Kiqg, and vm, and the univcnall 
quiet* and tranquSHfty of thii hcde icahne. 
UKlea <»ar aipiet, at. my 1akA*» manor of 
Hampton-Ckvt, tb0jcii..daiyQfOctolMr. 



•I 



Mr. 



#« GflOife fiotfa'. Siq.'* 
Bathe had alao the hooonr of a letter trata 
t, dated at WcMmfaiater* 10th 
Fehnurjb la the Slthyearafhia reign, concemii^^ 
fbnaei to be taieed to war afainat the Scotch. Mr. 
0Qfthewaa«. by.hiaaan, 

WILLIAM BOTHE, or BOUTHB. who, hafa« 
than h«t<hi«e|«an old, was hi ward tothekhiff. 
Heaacatradthehononrof kaichlhD0dinU7& Sir 
WHliam m, EUaafaeth, daughter of Sir John Wat- 
burtoiu ofWarburtoaaad Arley, in the county of 

and nix danghfa. Of 



Piaifltwich. 
hadiero- 



OmoMQM avaBeadadhia Ihther. 
JohiW Jat'toi— — » dam^tcr of « 

of Huhne, neer Maacfaaatcr 
•raldiildren. 
Ridiard, m, — •, daughter and heiren of — - 

UmuAe, Eiq., of OogrimUr- 1 

The married dau^ten ware, - 

Sliaahethj m. first* to William Baaaet, Emi., of 

Eaton, in the county of Denbigh, and le- 

condly, to — > Wabh, Etq., of , in 



I>orothy, m. to Ralph Bonniagtop, Eaq*, of 
Barrowoota^ in the county of Derby. 

Alic^ m. to Panton, Esq. 

Suaan, m. first, to Sir Edward Warren, of 
Pointoo, in the county of Gbestar, apd se- 
condly, to John Fatfeon, £fl<|„ of the city of 



Sir William d, on the 28th Nov^ U79> and nas t. by 
Ua eldest eon, 
SIR GEORQE BOOTH, whose extsnaiye estates 
(pbwad by Queen Elixabeth during his minority, 

the guardianship of her fiivourlte, Robert 
Dudley, Earl of Leinster. In the latter end of her 
BB^^ty'a rdgn. Sir Genga received the honour of 
knighthood, and upon the institution of the order 
of banmet, be was amongst tha first raised to tbi^t 
digalty»on the ffid May, 16U. Sir Geosge Bootb, 
■k first, his seoond cousin, Jane, only daughterr an4 
haiaasaof John Carrington, Esq.,. of Cartiagton* in 
thaoouBty of Chester. By whom he had no issue, 
Bor did ha Hve long with bar, yet he Inheritad 4ha 
lands o£ bar fttfaer; the same being strictly so 
settlad by that gentleman, before the marriage of 
hie daughter, to descend to the family ot Bootlw in 
which sattleoMnt, among other provisions, is. one 
particularly worthy of notice: «* Tbat if she, tlie 
aaid Janc^ should, after marriage, be detected of 
incontineacy,tbe estate should remain to the fiunily 
of Booth." Alter the deceaae of this huly. Sir Wil< 
Uam m. Catherine, daughter of Chief Justice Ander- 
ion, of the Couijt of Common Pleas, and had sevoral 
diildren, of whom, 

Wii.X'tAJW the eldest son, fa. Vere, seoond 

dau gh t er , and co-heir of Sir Thomas Egen> 
• 4fln» Vlflcount BmdUey, I^oa* CjiajicbuiO» 



OF Eiffai^iTD, and pradarsailng Us fisther, 
(98th April, 1«».) left issue, 
Gaoaoa* of whom presently, as auccessor 

to the ba r onet c y. 

-Katbaniel, m. Anna, ihird daughter of 

Thomea RavenaorafI, Esq., of Bretton, 

' intbe-eountyof niat»whoee Une tet^ 

niBated with his great^grand-daughter, 

Manaah VesaBooth, in I7H. 

Catherine, «■» to Sir John Jackaon, of 

in tlie eounty of York, 



John, the youagaat son, hairing actively es- 
poused the cause of Klag Charles II., re- 
ceifad the honour of knighthood after the 
restoiation, anno 1600. Sir John m. Dorothy, 
ilaughfeer of Sir Anthony St. John, younger 
son of Oliver, Cari of BoUngbroke, and left 

. sevend children at his deoaesa, in 1698. 

Alice, m. George Vernon, Esq., of Hoalinton, 
in thaoaunty of Chaster; 

Susan, aw Sir William Brseeton, of HandAvth* 

• in tiie county of Chester, baronet. 

Elixabeth, ta. to Richard, Lonl Byron, (hie 
loadahipls aeeond wife,) and died without 



Sir George Booth, who eervad theofllceof sheriff 
of Cheshire twice, and as often of Lancashire, A on 
the 24th October, iaBB,and was a. in hia title and 
estates by his grttidson (whose guardianship he had 
purchased fhan the crown for £4000l), 

SIR GEORGE BOOTH, seoond baronet. This 
gentleman was oonuaitted prisoner to the Tower of 
London during 'the usurpati9B, for. his aeei in the 
royal cause, and his eflbrta to restore the exiled 
prince. He had the pleesure eventually, however, 
of being diosen one of tint twelve members deputed 
fay the House of Commons, in May, 16B0, to carry 
to that prince the ncal of the house, in answer 
to his m^eatyfs letters. And on Monday, Uth July, 
1060, the House of Commons ordsrad* *' that the 
sum of £lO,QO(k be conliviad on Sir George* as a 
mark of rsm»ect for his eminent ssrvices, and great 
suflMijgs in the public causei** which orda obtained 
theaanctioQ la the Uousaof Lords ^ tha- ensuing 
month. In addition to which honouaMa grant, the 
baronet was elevated to the |ieiiii sfpsb by letters pa- 
tent, dated 90th April, 1061, as Bauom DsvikMaaa, 
Hf,DunlkamMasH0s <a the couniif ^ Ghastfer. His 
lordship at. first. Lady Carolina Clinton, daughter, 
and coheir of Theophitus, Earl of Lincoln, by 
whom ha had i^i only daughter* Vera, who d. un- 
marriad» in 1717> in the 74th year of her age^ He m. 
secondly. Lady Elisabeth Grey, eldest daughter of 
Henry, Earl of StamiiDgrd, by .whom he had -seven 
sons and five daughters, ot whom, 
HaKAT, succeeded to the titles 
George, m. Lucy, daughter of the Right Hon. 
Robert Robertas, Viscount Bodmin, son 
and heir of John, Earl of Radnor, by whom 
he had- an .only son, Henry, who d. unmar- 
ried. 
Robert, in holy orders. Archdeacon of Durham, 
in 1081, and Dean of Bristol, in 1708. Thb 
gentlaaum m. first, Ann» daughter of Sir 
Robert Booth, chief Justice of the Court of 



BOO 



BOT 



Common Pleat in IieUmd, by whom he had 

a ion, Henry, who died «. j>. He m. Mcondly, 

Mary, daughter of Thomai Hales, Esq., of 

Howlets, in the county of Kent, and had 

fire sons and four daughters, of whom, 

Nathanibl, the fourth, and only tur- 

viTing, suooeeded to the Barony op 

Dblambrx, hut of him hereafter. 

Mary, m. to Charles Thrupp« £sq^ of the 

dty of London. 
Vere, m. to Geoige Tyndale, Esq., of 
Bathford, Somersetshire, and had a son, 
George Booth Tyndale, Esq., Barris- 
ter at Law. 
Elisabeth, m. to Edward, Earl of Conway. 
Diana, m. to Sir Ralph Delavall, Bart., of 
Scaton-Ddavall, in the county of Northum- 
berland, and after his decease to Sir Edward 
Blaclcet, Bart, of Newby, in the county of 
York. 
George, first Lord Delamere, d. on the 8th August, 
1684, and was «. by his eldest surviving son, 

HENRY BOOTH, second baron. This noble- 
man, who had been committed to the Tower prior to 
the death of King Charles IL, was brought to trial, 
in the reign of King James, for high treason, before 
the Lord Chancellor Jelfteys, constituted high 
steward on the occasion, and a select number (87) 
of peers, but was most honourably acquitted. After 
which he lived in retirement imtil the revolution, 
when espousing the cause of the Prince of Orange, 
he was deputed with the Marquess of Halifkx, and the 
Earl of Shrewsbury, upon the arrival of the prince at 
Windsor, 17th December, 1688, to bear a message to 
the fallen monarch, requiring that his m^esty should 
remove from WhitehalL An office which his lord- 
ship executed so delicately that King James was 
afterwards heard to remark ; ** that the Lord Dela- 
mere, whom he had used ill, treated him with much 
more regard, than those to whom he had been kind, 
and firom whom he might better have expected it.** 
His lordship was afterwards swom of the privy 
council, and appointed chancellor of the exdiequer, 
an office which he held but one year ; when, upon 
hb retirement, he was advanced to the dignity of 
Earl or Warrinotoit, by letters patent, dated 
17th April, I6B0l The earl m. Mary, daughter, and 
sole heiress of Sir James Langham, Bart, of Cottes- 
brooke, in the county of Northampton, by whom he 
had four sons and two daughters, which latter were, 
EUxabeth, m. to Thomas Delves, Esq., son and 
heir apparent of Sir Thomas Ddves, Bart, 
of Dodington, in the county of Chester, and 
died «. p. in 1607> 
Mary, m. to the Hon. Ruasd Robartes, and 
had issue, 

Henry, last Earl of Radnor of that fismily. 
Hb lordship, who published a Vindication' of his 
Ariend, Lord Russd, and other literary productions 
mentioned in Walpole^s Catalogue, d. on the 9d 
January, 16B34» and was «. by his second, but eldest 
surviving son, 

GEORGE BOOTH, second Earl of Warrington. 
This nobleman m. Mary, eldest daughter, and co- 
heiress of John Oldbury, Esq., of London, mer- 
chant, by whom he had an only daughter, 
70 



Mai7, who m. in 1796. HttarfOnf, toatth Earl 
of Stamfiord, and left, 

Hrnry, who «. to the Earldom of Stam- 
ford, upon the decease of his Csther, in 
1768, and was created in 1^, Baron 
Delamere, and Earl of Warrington— 
(see those dignities in Burk^t DictUm' 
ttrp <ifate Pe«rag9 and Baronetage), 
His lordship dl on the 9d August, I7S6, when his 
estates pasiiirl to hb daughter, Mary, Coontess of 
Stamford; the Earldom or Warrinotoh rx- 
piRRD, while the barony reverted to hb cousin, (re* 
fer to the Very Reverend Dean Robert Booth, son 
of the first Lovd Delamere). 

NATHANIEL BOOTH, Esq., as fburth Baron 
Delamere. Hb lordship m, Margaret, daughter of 
Richard Jones, Esq., of Ramsbury Manor in the 
county of Wilts, by whom he had two sons, who 
both died young, and a daughter, Elizabeth, who d. 
unmarried, in 1765. Lord Delamere was appointed 
chairman of the committees of the House of Lords 
in 1765, and d. in 1770, when the Barony or Drla- 
M RRB became bxtinct. 
Arms. — ^Three boars heads erect and erased sa. 

BOTELER^BARONS BOTELER OF 
OVERSLEY AND WEMME. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 26th August, 1896. 
84 Edward I. 

IdncBgc. 

In the reiga of the Firat Hbnrv, 

RALPH BOTELER, so called, from holding the 
office of Initler to Robert, Earl of Mdlent and 
Leicester, seated himself at Oversley, in the county 
of Warwick, where he erected a strong castle, and 
at a mile distant, founded a monastery for Benedic- 
tine Monka, (anno 1140, and 6th Stephen). Thb 
Ralph was «. by hb son, 

ROBERT BOTELER, who was t. by his son, 

RALPH BOTELER, oneof the barons who took 
up arms against King John, and whose lands were 
sdaed in oonaequence} but making hb peace he had 
restitution on paying 40 marks upon the accession 
of Henry III., in whose reign he was constituted a 
commisdoner for collecting thtAfteenth then levied 
in the counties of Warwick and Leicester. In the 
former of which shires he was likewise a jiutice of 
assiie. He was «. at hb decease by hb son, 

MAURICE BOTELER, one of the justices of 
assise for the county of Warwick, in the 13th and 
16th of Henry III., and a commissioner fbr assessing 
and collecting the fourteenth part of all men's 
moveable goods, according to the form and order 
then appointed. Thb feudal lord filled the office 
of justice of assise for the same shire, a second and 
third time, and was repeatedly justice for the gaol 
ddivery at Warwick, in the same king's reign. He 
was «. by hb son, 

RALPH BOTELER, who m. Maud, daughter 
and heiress of William Pantulf, by whom he ac- 
quired the great Lordshfp of Wemme, in the county 
of Salop. Thb tendal baron had divers summonses 
to attend the king, Henry III., in hb wars with the 
Webb, and adhering fkithAilly to that monarch, 
against Simon de Montfort, and thex0volted barons. 



BOT 



BOT 



be «■■ amply i cw Mito d fay gnats of lands and 
money from, the crown. Ha was «. at his decsease fay 
bis son. 

WILLIAM BOTELER, who, hi tha U/e-time of 
his Dsthar, had m. Ankaiet* ntooe of James de 
Aldithlejr. He diadt however* inaTary few yean 
after inheriting his paternal property, (aauo 1983,) 
leaving three sons, John, Gawine, and William, and 
was «. by the ddest, 

JOHN BOTELER, at whose decesse in minority, 
anno 1286, the inheritance devolved npon his Ivo- 



GAWINE BOTELER, who. dying Issuelen, was 
A by his brother, 

WILLIAM BOTELER. who, in tha S4th Ed- 
ward L, was in ward to Walter de Langton, Lord 
Treasurer of England, and Walter da Beawchamp, 
of AJcaster, Steward of the King's Household. This 
fendnl lord obtaining renown in the ScotUsh wan of 
the period, was summoned to parliament as a 
Babov, from 96th August, 1896, to the 10th Octo- 
ber, 132S, His lordship m. fint, Ankeret, daughter 
of GrUBn, and had an only son, Wuliam, his suc- 
cessor. He M. secondly, Ela, daughter, and oo- 
heiresB of Roger de Hardeburg^, by whom he had 
two sooa* Edmund and Edward, who both died 
and four daughters, viz. 
Ankeret, m. to John Le Strange, of Black- 



Ida, m. toSir Fulke PembruggeL 

Alio^ M. to Nidiolas Langford. 

Dionys^ m. to Hu^ de CokeMy. 
He d. in 1334, and was «. by his eUsst son, 

WILLIAM BOTELER, second Baron Boteler of 
Wenune, but never summoned to parliament. This 
nobleman m. Margaret, daughter of Richard Fits- 
Alan, Earl of Arundel, and dying in 1361, was «; by 
his son, 

WILLIAM BOTELER, third Baron Boteler of 
Wemme, summoned to parliament from the 83rd 
February, 1368, to 6th April, 1380. Hu lordship m. 
Joane, elder sister and co-heir of John Lord Sud- 
ley, and dying in 1369, left an only daughter and 



Elizabeth, who m, flnt. Sir Robert Ferren, a 
younger son of Robert, second Baron Fer- 
ren of Chartley, and conveyed to him the 
great lordship of Wemme, in the cotmty of 
Salop,^ and the said Robert was summoned 
to psxliament as *' Robert Ferren de 
Wemme, Chev.'* in the 49th Edward III. 
Elisabeth Boteler m. secondly. Sir John 
Say, and thirdly. Sir Thomas MoUnton, 
who styled himself *' Baron of Wemme," 
but was never summoned to parliament. 
Her ladyship had no issue by her second and 
third hnsbnids, but by tha fint she left a 



RoBSET FBRaaas, who inherited the 
barony of Boteler, as well as that of 
Ferren of Wemme, but was never 
summoned to parliament. His lord- 
ship d. in 1410, leaving two daughten, 
co-heiresses, viz. 

Elisabeth, m. to John, ion ci Ralph, 
Lord Greystock. 



Mary, m, to Hobart NarlU, Earl of 
Wastmordand. 
Between whose repiBsantatlvai thoaa ba- 
BONiBB are still in abbyancb. 
Arms.— Gu. a Faisa oompon^a or. and sa. batw. 
six crosiai pat^ arg. 

BOTELERr-BARON SUDLEY. 

(Sea Sudley, Banm Sudlay.) 

BOTELER—BARONS BOTELER OF 
WERINGTON. 

By Writ of Siunmons, dated SSrd June, U96, 
83 Edward I. 

ICincagc. 

The first ot this fkmily who assumed the surname 

of BOTBLBR was 

ROBERT LE BOTELER, fhnn filling the oflice 
of boteler or bntler to Ranulph de Gemons, Earl of 
Chester, and under that designation he founded an 
abbey for Cistercian monks in the year IIM. This 
Robert left a son Robert, but nothing fVirther Is 
known of the family until the time of King John, 
when 

WILLIAM LE BOTELER was certified to hold 
eight knights* fees, in capita of the king, in the 
county of Lancaster. To this William succeeded 
another, 

WILLIAM LE BOTELER, who. In the 4Srd of 
Henry III., was constituted sheriff of the county of 
Lancaster, and governor of the csstle there. But 
being involved with the turbulent banms of that 
period he appean subsequently to have lost his 
lands, until making hb peace in the 49th of the 
same monarch, soon after the battle of Evesham, 
the sheriff of Lancashire had orden to restore them. 
In the early part of the next reign this William le 
Boteler had chaxten firom the crown to hold markets 
and fain upon some of his manon, and was sum- 
moned to parliament as a baron, ttom the Sftrd 
June, 199S. to 26th August. 1896. In the S4th of 
Edward I. his lordship was engaged in the Scottish 
war, having been previously upon military service 
in Gascony. He was «. at his decease by his son 
and heir, 

JOHN LB BOTELER, who had summons to 
parliament in the 14th Edward II., but after this 
nobleman nothing further is known of the fluaaily. 

ABM8— Az, a bend betw. six garbs or. 

BOTETOURT — BARONS BOTE. 

TOURT. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 10th March, 1306, 
1 Edward II. 

ICiiuagc. 

JOHN DE BOTETOURT, governor of St. 
Briavel's Castle, in the county of Gloucester, and 
admiral of the king's fieet, in the ralgns of Ed- 
ward I. and Edward II., was summoned to parlia- 
ment as a BABON by the latter monarch, flrom tha 
lOth March, 1306, to the 13th September, 1384. Hia 

71 



BOX 



BOT 



lordship m. Maud, sifter and tet i m of Otto,* son 
aud hdr of Beatrice de Beauchaaip, widow of Wil- 
liam de Mimchensi of Edwardstooe, by whom he 
had issue, 

Thomas, who m. Joano, sister and heiress ot 
John de Somery, Baron of Dudley, and 
dying before his father left an only son, 
. JoHH, who «. his grandfather. 
John, of Beauchamp Otea, m. — — , and left a 
son, 
John, who m. Joane, daughter and hdreis 
of John Gemon, and left an only . 
daughter and heiress, 
JoAKX, m. to Sir Robert Swyn- 
bume, Knt. 

Otto, of Mendlesham, m. , and had issue, 

John, who m. Catherine, daughter of Sir 
William Wayhmd, Knt, and had an 
only daughter and heiress, 

Joans, m. to John, ion and heir of 
Sir John Knyvet, Knt. 
Elisabeth, m. first, to William, Lord Latimer, 

and secondly, to Robert Uflbrd. 
Joane, contracted to Robert, son and heir of 
Robert Fitiwalter, Lord of Woddiam^ in 
Essex. 
Lord Botetourt, who was one of the eminent mi- 
litary characters of the reign of Edward L, tooli a 
leading part in the Scottish wars of that monarch, 
and was entrusted with the government of the 
strongest castles, the command of the fleet, and 
other duties of the highest importance. His lord- 
ship d, in 1324, and was «. by his grandson, 

JOHN DE BOTETOURT, second baxon, who 
had livery of his lands in the 14th Edward IIL, and 
in two yean afterwards attended the king in the ex- 
pedition made then into France, in the tndn of 
Thomas de Beaudiamp, Earl of Warwick. From 
that period his lordship appears to have been con- 
stantly engaged in the French wars of his sovereign, 
and was summoned to parliament tiom 85th Feb^ 
ruary, 1342, to the 3rd February, 138S. He m. 
Joyce, daughter of William, Lord Zouche of Har- 



• In the time of Richard L money coined in the 
east of Germany began to be of especial request in 
Englaniji,. and tot the purity thereof was called 
" Ca3T£rlino monsy,*' as all the inhabitants of 
those parts were called Easterlings; and shortly 
after some of that country, skilfUl in mint matters 
and aUaies, were sent for into this realm, to bring 
tbe coin to perfection, which, since that time was 
called of them '* Stbrlhto" for «' EasterHng,*' 
which implied as much as good and lawful money 
of England. Of these Easterlings, Otho, a German, 
was the principal, and in old reoxrds is calTed 
" Otho Cuneator," who grew to such wealth, that 
Thomas, hbson, somamed Ftts^Otes, married one 
of the co-heirs of Beauchamp of Bedford, was Lord 
of Ifcndlesham in Suflblk* and ** held in fee to 
maka the coining stamps serving for all England.** 
Whidi office, by his heir general, dewcnded to this 
flunily of Botetourt, from which, by sale, the 3rd 
Edward IIL, it passed into that of Latimer.— 
Banks. 



yngworth, <aust and heir of Hugh dala^Zoudieof 
Ricluird's Castle,) and had issue, • ■ 

John, whom. Maud, daughter of John, Lord 
Grey of Rotherfldd, -and predeceasing his 
father, left a son, John, who died before 
his grandbther, aad a daughter, Joyce, who 
m. Sir Hugh BumcH, KBt.> and died s,p, 
Maud, Abbess of Polesworth. 
Agnes, a nun at Elstow. 
Elisabeth, m. to Sir Baldwin Fxevilr Knt*, but 
died beHore co-habitation. • 

Alice, m. to Kyriel, and had an only 

dani^iter and heiiess, Joane, who m. John 
Wykes, and left two daughten, Agnes, who 
d. lunnarricd, and Joytt, m. to Hugh 
Stanley. 
Joyce, m. first, to Sir Baldwin Frevil,- Knt, 
and secondly, to Sir Adam de Preshale, Knt, 
and had issue by the former, 

Baldwin* who, dying beforeUs mother, 
left by his wife, Joane, danghter of Sir 
Thomas Green, Knt, 
Baldwin, who d. young. 
Elisabeth, m. Thomas, second son 
of William, Lord Ferrers of 
Groby. 
Margaret, m. 'first, to Sir Hugh 
Willoughby, Knt, and seamdly, 
to Sir Richard Bingham, Knt 
Joyce, m. to Sir Roger Aston, Knt 
Katherine, m. to Maurice de Berkeley «f Stoke 
Gilford, in the connty of Gloucester, and 
left an only son and heir, 

Mavricb dn BBnKXi.BY, who m. Joan, 
daughter of Sir John Denhamy Knt, 
and his great grandson, 

Ricbabd BBBXBI.X7, having mar- 
ried Elisabeth, daughter of Sir 
Huimphiey Coniagsliy, Knt, left 
at his decease, in 1514, Sir Mau- 
rice Berkley, Knt, ftom- whom 
the BxRKBLBva or Stbatton de- 
scended, and an aide* son. 

Sir John Bbrkblbt of Stoke, 
who iM. Isabtf, daughter of 
Sir WiUiam DennU, Knt, 
and whoso great-graat-great 
grandson, 

RiCBARD BBBKBLBY, d, 

in 1871* Itft issue, 
Goorge, m. to Jane, 
dau^feer of Vis- 
count ■ ntxhard- 
inge, and died «. p 
in UBS. 
John • Symes, m. to 
EUaabeth, daugli- 
ter andoo-heireM 
of WUUam Nor- 
bonne, Esq., of 
Calne, in tlie coun- 
ty of WilU, and 
dying in 1736, left 
a son and heir, 

NORBONNB,whO 

was summon- 



BOU 



BOU 



oS to p«ili» 
m«Bt M Bao 

■OW BOTB- 
TOUKTIB 178S» 

and (Ued«.ph 
in 1776. 

cwtohcrbro- 
ttner, m. to 
ClUfftat^Duke 
of Beauftnt. 
JtHm, tMond Lord BoUtourt* d. in 1386* leaving 
Joyce, LadrBunicU, his grand-daughter, hiahciraM ; 
bat that lady dying in 1406. the babomt or Botb- 
roumr then ML into abbyabcb between his three 
■urriTing married daughteri, and so continued 
their desceadants for more than three 
and a half, when it was at lengOi called 
oat in fivrour of the representatiTe of Katharine de 
Beriielesr (see Berkeley, Baran Botetourt). 
AnnsM—Or. a Saltier cngr. ea. 

BOURCHtER- BARONS FITZ-WA- 
RINE, EARLS^OF BATH. 

Barony, by Writ of Summons, dated S3rd June, 
ISSe, 83 Edward I. 

Eaildom, by LcttenPatent, datedMh July, 1536. 

SIR WILLIAM BOURCHIER, (thiid son of 
William Boitbchibb, Eabi, or Eitb, in Nor- 
mandy, and Anne h^ wife, dan^ter and heiress of 
Thoinaa, of Wooftstocfc, Duke of Gloucester, 
yoaqgest son of king Edward III.,) having es- 
poused Thosnasine, dsugfatsr and htf ress of Richard 
Hankfivd, Esq., Irf Elisabeth his wife, sister and 
heiress of PttUce Fit»-warine, seventh and last Baron 
Fits-warine, of that family, who died «. p., in 1489, 
wae sammoned to parHaaienti^ire mjoKs, as Baboh 
FtTz-WABivB, Aom and January, 1440, to 7th 
September, 146Bk This noblemen, who was one of 
the ioneten in the reign of Edward IV., had licence 
from that monarch to export, duty-free, a thou- 

wocdkn cloths of his own goods. His lord^ 

appears to have married secondly, Catheiine^ 
widow of — — Stukdey, by whom he had a daugfa^ 
ter, EHsBBbeth* to whom her mother bequeaths in 
tier hHt win, dated In 1406, «« a girdle of red ttssue." 
Lord Fits-warine tL. about the year 1470* and was 
ju by his son, 

SIR FULKE BOURCHIER, Knt, second Baron 
Ff ts.warine, who was summoned to parliament on ^ 
the 19th August, 1478; This nobleman m. Elisa- 
beth, sister and beircss of John, Lord Dynham, 
BDdhadissoe, 

JoHv, his successor. 

Joane, m. to James, Lord Audley. 

Eliaabeth, m, first, to Sir Edward Stanhope, 
Knc, and secondly, to Sir Richard Page, Knt, 
Hie lorddiip dl in 1470, and was «. by his son, 

JOHN BOURCHIER, third Baron Fita-warbie, 
who, hi the 0th of Henry VIL, being of ftill age, 
bad livery of his lands, and was summoned to par- 
Bament from the lath August, 1408, to the 8th June, 
1A361 His lordship faihcrited likewise, the large 



of Ua mother, the hetrem of the Cotds Dyn- 
ham. This noblsman signed the celebrated letter to 
Pope Clement VII., in theaSnd Henry VIIL, wheretai 
the subscribing lords apprised his hoUness of the 
frail tenure of his supremacy, should he refuse the 
pontillriai aesent to the divorce of the king from 
Quesn Katharine. Lord Fita-warlne, wm aubse* 
quently advanced, by Letters Patent, dated 9th 
July, 1636, to the Eabldom or Bath. His kml- 
ship IN. Cedla. daughter of Giles, Lord D'Aubaney, 
and sister and heiress of Henry D'Aubenejr, Earl 
of Bridgewatcr, and had, with other issue, 
John, his successor. 

Elisabeth, m. to Edward Chichester, Esq. 
Dorothy, m. to Sir John Fulfcrd, Knt 
The eerl d. 30th of April, 1639, leaving amongst 
other directions in his will, ** that an honest secubtf 
priest should sing mass for the health of his soul, 
for the space of twenty years after his deoeeae.** 
His lordship was succeeded by his tfdest son, 

JOHN BOURCHIER, ftNorth Baron Fits-warine, 
and second EAbi. or Bath. This nobleman upon 
the decease of King Edward VI., being amongst 
the first to dedare for Queen Mary, was consti- 
tuted me of the rommissloners for receiving the 
cbdms of those, who in respect of their tenures, 
were to p e iftwm service upon the day of her ma- 
JCBty*s coronation. His lordship m. first, Elisabeth, 
daughter of Sir Walter Hungerford, Knt., by whom 
he had one daughter, Elisabeth. He m. secondly, 
Eleanor, daughter of George Manners, Lwd Ros, 
and sistsr of Thomas, first Earl of Rutland, of that 
family, and had issue, 

John, Lord Fita-warlne, who d. in the K(bb 

time of his fether, leaving by his wife. 

Prances, daughter of Sir Thomas Kitson, 

Knt, of Hengrave, in the county of Sufiblk, 

WiLLiAMf who a. to the honon of hie 

grandlbtber. 

Henry. 

George, (Sir) general of the army sent to sup- 
press tile rebdlion in the province of Mun- 
ster, in Ireland, anno 1600 1 m. Martha, 
daughter of William, Lord Howard, of 
Effingham, and had issue. 

Sir iMenry Bourchier,* Knt., who 9, as 
sixth Eabx. or Bath, 
Fulkew 

Mary, m. to Hugh Wyot, of Exeter. 
Cecilia, m. to Thomas Peyton, Customer of 
Plymouth. 
The earl m. thirdly, Margaret, daughter and heiress 
of J<4m Donington, Esq., and widow of Sir Rich- 
ard Long, Knt, and of thif marriage there were 
two daughters, vis,, 
Susanna. 

Bridget, wife of Thomas Price, Esq., of Vay- 
nor, in the county of Montgomery. 
His lordship d. in 1600, and was *. by Ms grandson, 

WILLIAM BOURCHIER, fifth baron and third 
eerL Thisnobleman was in the expe^tion, asth Eli- 
sabeth, to the Netberlsnds, in aid of the Dutch, under 
Robert, Earl of Leicester. Hlslordshipm. Elisabeth, 
daughter of Francis Russell, Earl of Bedford, and 
had surviving issue, 

Edwabd, who wae made Knight of the Bath, 
L 79 



BOU 



BOU 



at Che ooronstion of Henry, Prinee of Weld, 
anno 1610. 
Francci, 4. tmm. 
The earl tf. on the UKh July, 1683, and was •. tiy 
hliion, 

EDWARD, sixth bakout, and fourth bakl, who 
m, first, Dorothy, daughter of Oliver, Lord St. 
Jirfui, of Bletso, and sister of Oliver, Earl of Bo- 
Ungbroke, by whom he liad surviving issu^ 

Elisabeth, m. to Basil, Eari of Denbigh, and 

died «. p, 
Dorothy, m. to Thomas, Lord Grey, of 
Oroby, eldest son of Henry Grey, flxst Earl 
of Stamford, and had issue, 

Thomas, who «. his grandfather as Earl 
of Stamford, his Ikther dying pre- 
viously. 
Elisabeth, m. to Henry Benson, Esq. 
Anne, m. to James Grove, Esq., So^eant 
at Law. 
Her ladyship m. secondly, Gustavus Mack- 
worth, Esq., by whom she had 
Mary, m. •••» 
Anne, m. fint, to James Cranfldd. Earl of 
Middlesex, by whom she had a daughter, 
<v Elisabeth, m. to John, Lord Brackley, 
but died «. p. 
Lady Middlesex m. secondly. Sir Christopher 
Wray, Bart, flrom whom the present Sir 
Bourdiier Wrey descends, and who inhe- 
rits the msnsion of Tavistock, in the 
county of Devon, the chief seat of the 
Earl of Bath. 
His lordship m. secondly, Anne, daughter of Sir 
Robert Lovet, KnL, of LIsoombe in the county of 
Buckingham. The earl dying thus in 1630, with- 
out male iisue, the Bahony of Firs-irAaiNa Ml 
Into ▲BSYANCB between his three daughters, and 
so continues among their descendants, of whom the 
pres en t Sir Bourchier Wray, Bart., is one, while 
the Earldom of Bath devolved upon (General, 
Sir George BourcMer's son,— refer to the third son 
of the second earl,) his cousin, 

HENRY BOUBCHIER, fifth Earl, who m. Rap 
chad, daughter of Frances Pane, Earl of Westmore- 
land, but dying without issue on the lAth August, 
16M, the Earldom of Bath became RzriircT. 

Armb. — ^Ar. a cross engruled gu. betw, four water 
bougeu sa. label of three poinU aa. charged with 
iiine fleur-de-Us, or. 

BOURCHIER — BARONS BERNERg. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 96th May, 14ffS, 
an Henry VL 

Xintasc. 

SIR JOHN BOURCHIER, K.O. fourth eon of 
William, Earl of Ewe, by Anne Ptentagenet, 
daughter of Thomas of Woodstodc, Duke of Okm- 
oester, and grand-daughter of King Edward III., 
(see Bourchier, Earl of Essex,) having married 
Margery, daughter and heiress of Richard Bemen, 
(commonly called Lord Bemars,) of West Horsley, 
in the county of Surrey, was summoned to parlia- 
ment, ftom the 96th May, 14U, to the liKh August, 
1479, as «' JoBN BouRCHiBR DM BsRif ■»«, Cbb- 

7* 



▼ALiBR.** This nobleman appears to have played 
a safe game between the houses of York and Lan- 
caster, for we find him in the reign of Henry VI., 
srrayed at the battle of St. Albans, under the red 
rose, and in that of Edward IV., a staunch adherent 
of the white. In the first year of the latter king. 
Lord Bemers was made constable of Windsor Castle, 
and warden of the forests and parks thereunto 
belonging, and his lordship attended Edward into 
the north in the following year, when he invested 
the Castle of Bamburg, and the other strong places 
in Northumberland, then holding out for the Lan^ - 
cestrians. His lordship died in 1474, leaving amongst 
other bequests in hb last wiU, to the monks of the 
Abbey of St Peter at Chcrtsey, where he ordered 
his remains to be interred, a croes of silver gilt ; 
having a foot, whereon were the images of Mary 
and John { as also other Jewels and ornaments, to 
the value of forty pounds, to the intent that tlwy 
should pnty for hb soul, and the soul of Margery, 
his wife, and all their children's souls. The baron 
hadissue-^ 

H VMPHRKY, (Sir) slain at the battle of Bamet. 
Add, fighting under the banner of King 
Edward IV., and left lisue by his wife^ 
Elisabeth, daughter and hdress of Sir 
Frederick Tilney, and widow of Sir Thonuyk 
Howard, Knt 
John, who «. his grandfather. 
Anne, m. to Thomas Fynes, Lord Dacre. 
Thomas, who joining Henry, Earl of Ridi- 
moQd, upon his march to Boeworth-fldd, 
participated in the victory that placed the 
diadem upon the head of Henry VII., and 
was afterwards In the twelfth year of that 
monardi, at the battle tougbt on Btadt" 
htath, with the oomish rebels. 
Elisabeth, m. to Robert, Lord Welles, and died 

9.p, 
Joanna, m. to Sir Henry Nevil, Knt. 
His lordship was «. by his grandson, 

JOHN BOURCHIER, second Baron BsRHKaa. 
summoned to parliament, from 14th October, I486, to 
9th November, IBBSL This nobleman was captain of 
the pioneers, in the 6th Henry VIIL, and the next 
year being made chancdkar of the klng^ exchequer 
for life, he attended the Lady Mary, the king's 
sister into France, upon her marriage with 
Lewis XIL His lordship m. Catherine, daughter 
of John, Duke of Norfolk, by whom he had two 
daughten, vis., 

Mary, the younger, who m. Alexander Unton, 
Esq., but dying «. p., the estates entirely 
devolved upon her ddast sister, 
Jane, at. to Edmund Knyvett, Esq., of Ashwd- 
worth, seijeant porter to King Henry VIIL, 
by whom she had a son, 
John Knyvet, of Plumstead, in the county 
of Norfolk, who m. Agnes, daughter of 
Sir John Haroourt, Knt, of Stanton 
Harcourt, in the county of Oxford, 
and dying before his mother, left a son. 
Sir THOMAa Kjcttbt, Knt. who d. 
in 1616 or 17, ■»! from him 
sprang, thiou^ various descents, 
the two brotheri. 



BOU 



BOU 



1* Sir John Kmyrct* wbo «■. Mary, 
dAu^ter of Sir Thoauw 
BedUngCdd* ttid had Mveral 
children, all <tf whcnn died 
i aud c M, eacccpt 

Elisabeth, who m. Thomaa 
Glemham, Eaq., and 
left an only eon, 

Thomaa, who died 

«. p.. in 1710. Inl717* 
Catherine, a younger 
daughter than EUsa> 
beth, claimed the B»- 
•rony of BnurBna, and 
obtained it t but her 
ladyship dying without 
iaiue^ in 1743, it again 

fbH into ABBTAMCS. 

S. ThonuM Knyvet, Eiq., who 
M. Emme, daughter of Tho- 
mas Hayward, Eaq., of Cran- 
wiM, in the county of Noiw 
folk, and left a son, 
John Knyvet, who m. 
Lucy, daughter and 
co-heireM of Charlea 
Suckling, Eaq., of Bra- 
koidale, Norfolk, and 
had wveral children of 
whom only two left 
iwue, Tla.~ 
EUxabeth, m, to 
HcnryWilaoDfEiq. 
and had, - 
Henry. 
Knevit. 

Harriot, in. to 
John JLayton, 
Eiq. 
Lucy IN. flnt, to 
Thoa. Holt, Ewi., 
and hadadaughter, 
Elisabeth Anne. 
She IN. aeoondly, 
John Field, Esq., 
and left two 
daughters, 
Lucy. 
Catherine^ 
Of Lord Bcmers, Dugdale concludes his aooount, 
: — " It Is further obserrable of John, Lord 
that he was a person not a little eminent 
Ibr his learning, and that thereupon, by the com- 
maid of King Henry VIIL, he translated the Chro- 
nicle of Sir J«»hn Froiasart (canon treasurer of 
Chinay, dariL and servant to King Edward III., aa 
also to Queen Philippa,) out of French intoJEnglish. 
He likewise translated out of French, Spanish, and 
Italian, several other works, vii.»The Life of Sir 
Arthur, an Armorican knight i the fiunous exploits 
of Hv«H or BowDCAirxt Mareu»-AurMu9, and the 
OsfHsitfLoM. He also composed a book of the Duties 
oftlie Inhabitants at Calais I and a comedy, intituled 
If in Vimeamr His lordship is likewise noticed In 
WalpolefsCatakjgua of NoUe Authors. ByhiswiU, 
he biwioimtha to Humphrey Boucher; his mo, his 



gown of damaak-towney, Aamd witK jemiecs, and 
certain tcgacies to James and Genge, his other 
sons I but aU these children were illsgitlmate. HIa 
lordshipd. in IMS, when his only surviving daughter, 
the lady Joane Knyvet, had livery of his lands, but 
the Babony or BnBMnna, appears to have kin 
DORMANT, until aUowed to her ladyship's desoei^ 
dant, Katharine Knyvet, then the wife of Thomas 
Bokenham, Esq., in 1717; but upon this lady's 
deoeaie, s. ^ in 1743, it agatai became dobmaitt, 
although it is presumed it devolved upon her 
ladyship's cousin, Mrs. Wilson. Robert Wilson, 
Esq., of DedlingtOB, and of AshwcUthorpe, in the 
county of Norfolk, that Uuly's grandson, presMited 
a petition a ftw years ago to his m^esty, pnying 
that the abeyance might be terminated in hie 
ikvouT. 

ABMBd— Ar. a cross engnOled, gu: betw. four 
water bougets, sa. 

BOURCHIER -. BARONS BOUR. 
CHIER, EARLS OF ESSEX. 

Bmny* by Writ of Summooa, dated flBth 

February, 1342. 
EarMom, by Letters Patent, dated 30th ^j/gf, 

1401. 

Xincagc 

In the rdgn of King Edward ILi 

SIR JOHN DE BURCER or BOURCHIER, 
Knt., one of the Justices of the Court of King's 
Bench, marrying Helen, daughter and heiress of 
Walter de Cokhester, end niece maternally of 
Roger de Montchensy, acquired the manor of Stan- 
sted Hall in the county of Essex, and took up hie 
abode there. Sir John had two sons, Robert and 
John, and waa «. at his decease by the elder, 

ROBERT DE BOURCHIER, who in the 4th 
Edward III., obtained a royal charter for hokUng a 
Court Leetat Halsted, and in the 10th of the same 
monarch, had permission to impark his woods 
there. In four years afterwards, this eminent per« 
son waa constituted Lobo CHAircBX.LOB or Eng- 
land, with £M0 a year above the customary feee, 
for his suitable maintenance ; and In the next year 
he had liosnoe to make a castle of his mansion- 
house at Habted. Uniting the civic end military 
characters, his lordship was subsequently distin- 
guished in arms, particularly in the glorious fidd of 
Cbbss Y, where he was attached to the division of the 
army, under the immediate command of the Black 
PrinoBi He im. Margaret, dattght«r and sole heirca 
of Sir Thomas Prayers, of Sible-Hedingham, in the 
county of Esmx, by Aime, daughter and heiress of 
Hugh de Essex, descended fhmi a younger son of 
Henry de Essex, Baron of Raleigh, standard-bearer 
of England, and h«d issue>— 
John, his successor* 

William, m. Eleanor, daughter and heiress of 
Sir John de Louvaine, and dying in ISU,. 
left, 

W11.MAM, who was made constable of 
the Tower of London, and created 
Eabx* or EwB, in Normandy, by 
Henry \. Hia kirdahip m. Anmb 

75 



BOU 



BOU 



pLAiTTAttBNSTy widow of BdmoMU 
£arl iiX Staftvdf and dMif^iter, and 
eTontusUy lole hrtren of ThomM of 
Woodstock, Duke of Olouoortor, Mm 
of King EdwBTd IIL, aad left at his 
decease four sons and « daughter, 
▼is.— 

Hwrnv, Eabl or Eitb, of whom 

hereafter as Eabz, or EaaBx. 
Thomas, Bishop of Ely, and aubse- 
queotiy Ardifatoiiap of Canter- 
bury. 
WiOiam, Lord Fits-wariBe, see that 

dignity. 
John, Lord Berasfs, see that dig- 
nity. 
Anne, in. to John Mowlnay* Duke 
ofNdrfblk. 
Lord Bourchier, who had been summoned to parlia- 
ment ftom 29th February, 1342, to 10th March, 
1349, died in the latter year, and waa «. by his elder 



SIR JOHN BOURCHIER, Knt, as second Baton 
Bourchier: summoned to parliament ftom 16th 
July, 1381, to aoth September, 13BB. This noble- 
man was engaged during the greater part of his life, 
in the French wan of Edward III., and Richard II., 
and was installed a Kniohtof thb OARTaa, for 
his gallant services therein. In the 9th year of the 
latter king, his lordship was appointed chief go- 
v«mar of Flanders, and particularly of the town of 
Gaunt, at the express desire of the Flemings. Prior 
to his rtfrease he oiitained a special exemption, 
owing to age and infirmity, ftom parliamentary 
dudes, and tnm attending councils. His Lordship 
m. Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John GoggeriiaU, and 
dying in 1400, was «, by his only ion, 

BARTHOLOMEW BOURCHIER, third baron 
BovncHinn, summoned to parliament ftmn 9th Sept. 
1400, to 2Sth Oct. 1400. This nobleman obtained, like 
hisfiither, when he became old and inflrm, an exemp- 
tion ftom parliament and council, and ftam mili- 
tary service in Scotland and beyond the seas. His 
lorddiip m. first, Margaret, widow of Sir John de Sut- 
ton, but had no issue. He m. secondly, Idtmm 
Utfoeg* widow, fiiM, of Edmund, son <tf Sir John 
de Braokdmm, and afterwards of John Glerant, 
and dying, in 140O, left an only daughter, 

ELIZABETH BOURCHIER, Baroness Bour- 
diier, who m. first. Sin Hdoh STArronn, ^t. 
who ther eu pon aaswmH the dignity of Load Boun- 
cHinn, but had summons to parliament <fiPom the 
9ist Sept. 1411, to 89d March, 1414) aa «* UugMd 
St^JB^irdP* only. His lordship d., however, «. p., and 
his widow remarried with Sir Lewis Robsart, K.G., 
standard-bearar to King Henry V., who assumed 
also the title of BovacHica, but was summoned, in 
like manner, in his own- name only. He, likewise, 
died issueless, and upon the decease of Lady Bour- 
chier, in 1432, the berony devolved upon her lady- 
ship'* cousin and next heir, 

HENRY BOURCHIER, second earl of Ewe, in 
Normandy— -(revert to William, second son of Ro- 
bert, first Baron Bonrcliicr)-Hvho had summons to 
parliament in the 13th Henry VI., in his Norman 
dignity, bat never subsequently under that title. 
96 



In the »th Henry YI., 14th December, 1446, his 
lordship was advanced to the dignity of Viaoouirr 
BouncMiBB, and had summons accordingly; and 
in the 33d of the same monarch he was constituted 
I.OBD TBBASunnn or Ekoland. But, notwith- 
standing rach sterling marks of royal ftivour, the 
lord treasurer Itaraook his royal master, and, espous- 
ing the Interests of the Earls of March and War- 
widi, was reinvesled with the treesurenhlp by the 
former (his brother-in-law) upon his acccssioo aa 
Edward IV., and created, by letters patent, dated 
30th June, 1461, Eael or Eaaxz. His lordship 
m. Isabd, dauf^iter of Riduurd, Duke of York, Pro- 
tecting of Enf^iand, (great-grandson of King Edward 
IIL,) and sister of King Edward IV., by whom he 
had issue- 

William, who in. Anne, daughter of Richard 
Widvile, Earl Rivers, and sister of Elisa- 
beth, queen of King Edward IV. ; and dying 
in the life-time of his fiither, left Issu^- 
Hnif av, successor to his grandlkther. 
Cecily, m. to John Devereux, Lord Fer- 
rers, of Chartley, and left a son. 
Sin William Dnvsnaux, Lord 
Ferrers, of Chartley, from whom 
sprang the extinct house of Dnvn- 
nxirx. Earls or Essnx, and the 
extant family of Devertus, Vis- 

OOUITTS HBRBFORD. 

HsNRY (Sir), IN. Elisabeth, daughter and 
heiress of Thomas, Lord Scales. 

Humphrey, m. Joane, niece and oo-heiress of 
Aalph, Lord CromweU. 

John (Sir), m. Elisabeth, niece and heiress of 
William, Lord Ferrers, of Gn^y. 

Thomas (Sir), m. Isabel, daughter and heiress 
of Sir John Barre, Knt., and widow of 
Humphrey Stafford, Earl of Devon. 

Edward (Sir), slain at the battle of Wakeflrid. 

[22: }'»«•> * Toung. 

This noUeman shared largely in the confiscated 
ertates of tfie Lancastrians, particularly in those of 
the attainted Bark of Devon (Thomas Courtenay) 
and Wiltshire, and the Lord Roos. His lordship d. 
in 1483, and was «. by his grandson, 

HENRY BOURCHIER, second earl of Essex, who 
had special livery, 9th Hen. VII., of the great estates 
which dasMSidud to him flrom the Earl of Essex, his 
grandfisther^-his Ikther— Isabel, his grandmother^— 
Anne, his mother, and Sir Thomas Bourdiier, Knt, 
his uncle, to all of whom he was heir. Thisnobleman, 
who is represented to have been a person of singuler 
valour and worth, was of the pilvy councUof King 
Henry VII., and had a chief command at the battle 
of Bladcheath, In the 12th of that monanh. Upon 
the accession of Henry VIII., his lordship was ap- 
pointed captain of the king's hone^uard, tiien newly 
constituted as a body-guard to the monarch. The 
corps c onsis t ed of fifty horse, «« trapped with cloth 
of gold, or goldsmith's work; whereof every one 
had hisarcher, a demi-lance, mid ooustriU." In the 
ith of the same king, he attended his highness into 
FrsDoe, as lieutenant-general ctfaB the spears; and 
at the Csmous toumanunt which Henry hdd on the 
19di and 90th of Mif, hi the 8th year of his reign, tat 



BOY 



BOY 




of Utiiater. Uawg^mtt, QuBm of ScaOmA, 
the Bart of Ems, with the king UaMcif, the Duke 
of SuftA. and Nicfaoias Caz«w, Eiq., igww d aU 
In the ISth d Henzy, hU lotdaUp acaln 
his tovereign into Pnnoe, and ewdlsd tiie 
of the xnooardi in hu magniftoant inter- 
with Fbakcib I. upon the «< FiM ^ the 
Ctfth^GcU," The earl m. liarf» eklert daughter 
> of Sir WiUiam Say, Knt., by whom 
I only daughter, 

who AN. SirWIUiam Pair, Knt, (bro- 

of Qoecn Katherine Parr,) but that 

nM djiannnlted by parliament in 

the 5th of Bdward VL, and the iarae tiMMof 



I, in con e eg nence of a Ml ftom Ma 
at Ids manor of Beeae» hi the oounty of Here- 
•ard, to 189, when the aAni.i>OM or Eaaax and 
the TiaoovirTY or Seanx sxpinnni wliile tlM 
■ABOirY ov BoiTMnmn devolved upon his only 
daughter, Anne Ledy Parvi but that lady's inue 
being, as above elatod, iUeg M m at ed, it paised, at 
her decease, to Walter Devcreux, Baron Ferrers, 
of Chartley, son end heir of Cecily, the riecwaeBd 
e deaocndants of WiUiam, eldest 
of the fliet earl) and united with the barony of 
Fesran, until the deceeee, lasudeu, of Robert, 
eleventh Bason Ferrers, of Chartley, and Earl of 
c, in IMS, when it fdl into abbtahcb between 
lovdahip's two ststars and co-hetreaMs, Frances, 
; of Hertford, and Dorothy, wife of Sir 
Sfairley, Bart.; and it so continues b et w ee n 
Anaie-EHaa, Duchess of Buckingham and Chaados, 
as hefa g>M<'ial of Frances, the elder oo-hdr, snd the 
p ie e eut Ifaniuess Townshend, the representative of 
the Junior. 
Arme Ar. a croes ingrailed gu« between four 



BOURCHIEIU-BARON CROMWELL. 

See Oomtceil, Baron CrotmoeO, of Tatbhall. 

BOYLE ^ COUNTESS OF GUILD- 

FORD. 

By Letters Patent, dated 14th July, 1000. 

LADY ELIZABETH FIELDING, daughter of 
WflUam, flat Earl of Denbigh, m. Lewis Boyle, 
Visooont Boyle, of Kynahneaky, in the peerage of 
Ireland, (second son of the first Earl of Cork,) by 
wlMmi she had no issue. His hudriiip fell at the 
battle of Liscarroll, in 16tt, and her ladyriiip was 
advanced to the peerage of England /br lift, on the 
14th July, 1000, as Couirrxas or OmLOPOBD $ she 
died in 1^^ when the dignity, of course, bxpirxd. 

BOYLE — BARONS CLIFFORD, OF 
LANESBOROUGH, IN THE 
COUNTY OF YORK, EARLS 
OF BURLINGTON. 

Barony, 1 by Letters / dated 4th Nov., 1644. 
Earldom, j Patent, X dated SOth March, iOM. 

Xbicasc. 

RICHARD BOVLE,secendCarlof Cork* havhig 



(Mh July, !<»>. Lndy EUasbath CMftcd. 
only danghter and h eii ess of Henry, flfkh end last 
Earl of Cumberland, of that fiunUy, waa created a 
of Enghmd, by letters patent, dated 4th No* 
r, 1044, as Baboh Cuvroan, ^f LaiMsAe. 
rs«f*, in the county of York, and advanced to the 
Eabldom ow Bvblimotom on the floth March, 
1084, having bean constituted, previously, lobo 
HioB TmatABOBBn tfw IxBLAvn. His lordship was 
a aeaious supporter of the loyal cause during the 
dvil wars, and one of the ddef pramotcrs of the 
restoration. His eldest son, 

Chablbs, Lord Viscount .Dungarven, (who 
predeceased the earl,) was summoned to the 
English perliament by writ, in lOK, as Lord 
CliUbrd. Hislordshlpm. first. Lady Jane Sey- 
mour, youngest daughter of William, Duke 
of Somerset, and fiirst cousin of King Edward 
VI., by whom he had surviving issue— 
CJIAB1.BS, su cce s s or to his grandfluher. 
Henry, one of the ministers of the crown, 
in the reigns <rf WiUiam and Mary, 
and King George L, created Babon 
CABI.TOX (see that dignity). 
Elisabeth, m. to James, Earl of Barry- 

morsu 
Mary, m. in 108S, to James Douglas, 
Duke of Queensbury , afterwards created 
Duke of Dover. 
Arabella, m. to Henry, EsrI of Shelbnme. 
His lordship ai. secondly, Arethusa, daughter 
of George, Earl Berkeley, and had, 
Arethusa, m. to James Vernon, Esq. 
Richard, first earl of Burlington, d. Ifith January, 
1007, and wss «. by his grandson, 

CHARLES BOYLE, second earl of Burlin^^tOB, 
(third earl of Cork,) lord high treeanrcr of Ireland. 
This nobleman (who was esteemed one of the most 
accomplished gentlemen in England,) m. Juliana, 
daughter and hdrass of Henry Nod* Eiq., of L«tf> 
fibnham, in the county of Rutland, and had issue— 
RicBABJD, Lord Dungarven. 
EUaabeth, m. hi 1719, to Sir Henry Aivndel 

BedingJRsld, Bart. 
Juliana, m. in 1719, to Charles, Lord Bruce, 
son end heir of Thomas, Earl of Aylesbury, 
8addled«.|i.fail7aB> 
HenrietU, m. in 1796, to Henry Boyle, Esq., 
of Castle Martyr, in the oounty of Cork, 
cxaaled Earl of Shannon. 
His hvdshipd. 8th February, 1703> end was*, by big 
son, 

RICHARD BOYLB, thhd Earl of Burlington, 
(finirth Earl of Cork,) lord high treasurer of Ireland, 
K.G. His lordship m. Lady Dorothy Savile, eMest 
daughter, and coJieir of William, Marquess of Ha- 
liCax, by whom be had fas u e 

Dorothy, b. hi 17M, m. in 1741, to George, Eeri 

Euston, and disd «. ^ in 1748. 
Juliana, b. in 1727* nd A hi \7»u 
Charlotte EUsabeth, 6. in 1731, m. hi 1748, to 
William, Marquess of Hartington, sen and 
heir of the Duke of Devonshire. 
His lordship, who was distinguished by hb patron- 
age of the arts, and a very splendid and refined taste 
in ardntactuie^ d. 4th December, 1783, when the 

*7 



BOY 



BBA 



Eabldom or Bi7Bi.t«OTOir> and BABomr or Cx.iir^ 
roKD, in the pMnge of Bnglmd expind, while the 
Irish hooon devolved upon his kinsman, Johm, 
fifth Eaul or OnnnnY (see Earl of Cork, in ex- 
tant peerage). The deceased nobleman's extensive 
estates, at Chiswick, in the county of Middlesex, 
and at Lismore, in the county of Waterftnrd, with 
Burlington Houae^ in London, passed with his lord- 
ship's only surviving daughter and heireM, Charlotte 
Elisabeth, Marchioness of Hartington, into the 
Devonshire fiunily. 
Arms. — Per bend cranelle, ar. and gules. 

BOYLE— BARON CARLTON* 

By Letters Patent, dated 28th October, 1714 

The Right Honorable, 

HENRY BOYLE, (third son of Charles, Lord 
CUflbrd, by his first wife. Lady Jane Seymour, 
daughter of William, Duke of Somerset,) repre- 
sentative in parliament for the University of Cam- 
bridge, and for the dty of Westminster, was 
devated to the peerage oif England, on the flSth 
October, 1714, in the dignity of Babow Caelton, 
and was constituted lord president of the council, 
on the 14th March, 1724. His lordship had pre- 
viously fiUed the offices of cfaancdlor of the ex- 
chequer, (1701,) and principal secretary of state, 
(1707)« He was made Hior TRBASunna or Irb- 
LAND in 1704, during the minority of Richard, 
Earl of Cork, and he was constituted one of the 
commissioners for the union with Scotland, in 
1706. His lordship died unmarried, on the 14th 
March, 1724, when the BAaoif y or Carlton be- 
came BXTINCT. 

BRADESTON — BARONS BRADES- 

TON. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 26th February, 1322> 
16 Edward lU. 

ICmfafif. 

The fest person of this fiunily, of whom any- 
thing memorable occurs, is 

THOMAS DE BRADESTON, of Bradeston, in 
the county of Gloucester, the andent seat of his 
predecessors, (all of whom were homagen to the 
castle of Berkeley, for their manors of Bradeston 
and Stinchomnbe, which they held by kni^t's ser- 
vice,) who, in the 10th and 13th of Edward IL, 
was engaged in the Scottish warsi but in the 16th 
of the same monarch, adhering to the Lord Berke- 
ley against the ftvourite Spencer, his lands were 
seiaed by the crown: he was, however, the next 
year included in a general amnesty, and upon pay- 
ing an hundred marks and renewing his oath of 
aU^glance, had his property restored. He was 
afterwards constituted keeper of Kingswood Chase, 
near Brist<d, and governor of Berkeley Castle; and 
subsequently taking part with the queen oonaort, 
Isabella, he waa made one of the gentlemen of the 
privy chamberj at the accassioa of the young King 
79 



Edward III., end through dia inflmre of th* 
queen, obtained a grant of three considerable ward- 
ships. In the 4th of the new monarch, he waa 
honoured with knighthood, by bathing, &c« 
having robes and all other things iq^^^rtaining 
to that solemnity, allowed him firom the king's 
wardrobe, as in the case of a banneret. In the 
next year, he was constituted provost of a cer- 
tain part of Aquitain, and had a confirmation of a 
grant made to him by Queen Isabella, of the castle, 
Berton and Tyne, of Gloucester, for life, upon pay- 
ing £l. and £10l yearly, into the exchequer. Sir 
Thomas was afterwards engaged in the Scottish 
wars, and had extensive grants of forHeited lands 
for his services, in Scotland, particularly those of 
Patxic de Dunbar, Earl of March. In the 11th of 
Edward III., he had a grant of a ship, called The 
Christmab, taken in fight, Aom the French, by 
the merchants of Bristol t and, in the next year, 
was in the grand expeditions made into Flanden 
and Scotland, and for his good services, was made 
a Knight Banncrxt. Continuing actively en- 
gaged in foreign warfare, and acquiring fresh repu- 
tation each succeeding campaign. Sir Thomas de Br»> 
deston was summoned to parliament as a Baron, on 
the 2Sth of February, 1S4S, and from that period 
until the 3rd April, 1360, during which Interval 
his services were remunerated by extensive terri- 
torial grants, and by hig^ and lucrative employ- 
ments. This nobleman inppears to have had one 
son, RoBBftT, who predeceased him, leaving an only 
son, Thomas. Of Robert, the only thing memo- 
rable is, that having been taken prisoner in the 
19th of Edward III., by the dtiacns of Pisa, in hia 
journey to the Holy Land, the English monarch 
caused all the merchants of Pisa, as well as those of 
St. Luca, then in London, with their goods, to be 
seised, until he was released, twelve of the prin» 
cipal of whom wera committed to the Tower, and 
not discharged until bidl was given that young 
Bradeston should be forthwith enlarged. His lord- 
ship d, in 1360, and was », by his grandson, 

THOMAS DE BRADESTON, second Baron, 
but never summoned to parliament. This nobto- 
man, like his predecessors, having a martial 
spirit, was in the expedition against France^ in 
the 43rd of Edward III., before he had attained 
mejority. He died, however, in five years after- 
wards, leaving an infiut, only daughter and heirew, 
Ejuizabbth, who, in the rtign of Richard IL, 
made proof of her age, and had livery of 
her lands, being then the wife of Walter de 
la Pole, by whom she left a daughter and 
heiress, 

—— , who IN. — Ingoldsthorp, whose 
heir general espoused John Nxvix., 
Marquess of Montagu, brother to the 
celebrated Richard Nevil, Earl of War- 
wick. 
ARifa.^-Ar. ona canton gu. a rose or barbed vert. 

BRANDON—DUKES OF SUFFOLK. 

By Letters Patent, dated 1st February, 1514^ 

Xincagc. 

SIR WILLIAM BRANDONj Kmt. hid, witli 



BRA 



BRA 



ottier imom, bj hta wHt, KBttlMCh, dnightflr ofSir 
Robart Wfaigfleid, Knt., two Mm*, lioth aMlooa 
partJMiw of H«i7 of Rkhmond, in his oontast with 
RidMid III. Tbe younger, 

TnoMAS, Bring to witneM the ■cccnion of his 
patron to the crown, as Henry VII., was 
made one of the esquires of that kin^s body, 
and bore his bacUer at the battle of Stokb. 
In consideration of which, and other ser- 
TieCB, he obtained the wardship of Ridkard 
Fcnys, ion and heir of William Penys, Lord 
Say, with the bencflt of his marriages and 
befinre the termination of the same reign, 
was installed a kviobt of the most xoblb 
order of the Gartsb.- Sir Thomas d, in 
the first year of Henry VIII., being then one 
of the Icnjghts of the lung^ body, and mar- 
shal of tibe court of commoB^leM. He left 



SIR WILLIAM BRANDON, standard-bearer at 
Bosworth, fell by the hand of King Richard in that 
oeidnated field, leaving by his wife, Elisabeth, 
danghtrr and co-heir of $ir Henry Bruyn, &nt.» a 
aon and heir, 

CHARLES BRANDON. «« Which Charles," 
says Dogdale, *■ being a penon comely of stature 
high of courage^ and con f o rm ity of disposition, to 
King Henry VIII., became so acceptaUe to him, 
es peci ally in all his youthftil exerrises and pastimes, 
ae that he soon attained great adTancement, both in 
titles of honor, and otherwise.** In the 1st of 
Hony he was made one of the esquires of the king's 
body, and chamberlain of the principality of North 
Waltt, in the4th he distinguished himsdf in a nar 
-vnl engagement off Brest, and tibe next year, attend- 
ing the king upon the expedition of T^emtnt and 
IWtmoy. he was derated to the peerage (ffthMardi, 
5th Henry VIII.) as Viecoirirr L'Islb, and ap- 
pointed commander of tibe adTanced guard of the 
amy: in which campaign he bdiaved so ▼aliantly^ 
tiaat, in reward of his distinguislied services, he was 
ocnted* in the following February, (anno 1A14,) 
Dmut ow ScFVOLK, and shortly afterwards, assist- 
ing at the coronation of the Lady Mary, (King 
Henry's sister,) then wife of Lewis XII. of France, 
at St. Dennis, he acquired so much renown by 
ovotiirowing the knight with whom he tilted at a 
iMluMdy tournament, ceielMtBted upon the occasion, 
that he won the affections of the queen, who, upon 
the ilet— sf of her royal husband, which occurred 
aoon after* bestowed upon him her hand i and hav- 
ing reeonciled the kings of England and France to 
the union, he obtained fkom the fonner a grant in 
general tail, <rfall the hnrddiips, manors, Ace., whidi 
had prevkmsly belonged to Edmund de la Pole, 
Poke of Snflblk (who was beheaded and attainted 
In 1513). Htograce made (me of the retinue of his 
loyal master at his magnificent interview with 
Frauds L upon "the field of the Cloth of Gold," 
bet we en Guisnes and Ardres, in Picardy; and, in 
the next year, (15th Henry VIII.,) he led an army 
Bfaneet to the gates of Paris, to the great constenia- 
tSon of the good cttlaans, whose destruction was 
•vetted only by the recal of the generaL In the 
tlat of Henry VIII. be was one of thopeers who 



SBbfoibed the arttdas agaiiiet Cferilnal Wolsey, and, 
in the next year, the dedaration to Pope Clo- 
ment VIL icgarding the king's divorce Ihn Queen 
Katherineb His grace was afterwards constituted 
chief justice in Eyic of all the king's Ibiests, and at 
the dissolution of the gnat monasteries he had a 
huge proportion of the sptrfL The duke was also 
a KBiOHT of the most koblb order of the Oabtbb. 
Hb grace married no less than ftmr wives, first, 
Margaret, daughter of Jolm Novil, Marquem 
of Montagu, and widow of Sir John Mottimir, by 
whom he had no issue) secondly, Anne, daughter 
of Sir Anthony Browne, Knt., governor of Calais, 
by whom he had two daughters— 

Amwb ml to Sir Edward Grey, Lord Powys. 
Mary, m. to Thomas Stanley, Lord Monteagle. 
His grace espoused, thirdly, the Lady Mary Tudor, 
second daughter of King Henry- VI L» end queen 
dowager of (Lewis XII., king of) France, by whom 
hehadiasue-- 

Hbbrt, created Eabx. or Liifcoi.H in 1585, 
who predeceased the duke unmanied, when 
the BA BLOOM of Lincoln expired. 
Frances, m., first, to Henry Grey, third Mar- 
quess of Dorset, who was created Duxx or 
SurroLK after the decease of his wiftTs half 
brother, Henry Brandon, (last duke of that 
family,) in 1551, but beheaded and attainted 
in thive years afterwards. The iMue of this 
marriage w e re ■ 
Laov Javb Obby, the amiable but un- 
fortunate aspirant to the crown at the 
decease of Edward VI. 
Lady Catherine Grey, the unhappy wifii 
of Edward Seymour, Earl of Hertford, 
d. a prisoner in the Tower in 1587. 
Lady Mary Grey, m. to Martin Keys, 
Esq. 
Her grace married, secondly, Adrian Stokes. 
Eleanor, m. to Henry Cliflbrd, Earl of Cum- 
berland. 
His grace in., Ibnrthly, Catherine, Baroness Wil- 
kmghby de Eresby, (only daughter and hdress of 
William, Lord WUloughby, who d. in IMS,) by 
whom he had two sons, 
Hbwry, his succeieor, 
Charlei. 
Outrtet Brandon, Dokb or Snrrox.K, d. on the 
94th August, 1545, and was «. by his elder son, 

HENRV BRANDON, second duke, who, with his 
brother Charles, died in minority, 14th July, 1551, 
at the residence of the Bishop of Lincoln at Bugden, 
in Huntingdonshire, of the sweating sickness, when 
the DUKBDOM or SurroLK became BXTiifcr. The 
patent of the Viscounty or L'Islb was cancelled 
soon after its creation, owing to the reftisal of Eliza- 
beth Grey (only daughter and heiress of John Grey, 
Viscount L'Isle, at whose decease that dignity ex- 
pired in the Grey family, in 1519,) to fulfil, on com- 
ing of age, her marriage oontoact with his grace, 
then Charles Brandon, Viscount L'Isle, the said 
patent being hi reversion to his Issue by that huly. 
Miss Grey afterwards married Henry Courtenay, 
second Earl of Devonshire, and d, lasueleBs. 

ABMSd— Barry of tan ar. and gu., over all a lion 
rampant im crowned per pale as. 

7» 



BRA 



BRA 



NoTS.-*lB the Bud of Eliubeth the extttsire pos- 
Msaiont of this oelelin^ed Duke of Suflblk were 
shered amongit the deeoendants of Sir William Bran- 
don* his grandfather, tIs.-^ 

Sir Henry Sidney, Knt., descended from John 

Sidney and Anna Brandon. 
WilUam Cavendish, Esq., firom John Caren- 

dish and Elisabeth Brandon. 
Thomas Glenham, Esq., ftom ■ ■ Glen- 

ham and Alianora Brand<m. 
Franis Kersey, Esq., son of John Kersey, by 
Margaret LoTel, daughter and heiress of 
Margaret Brandon, hy her husband, LoTel, 
Esq. 
Christian Darnell, widow. 
Walter Asoough, Esq., and his son. 
Henry Ascough. 
John Tyre, Esq. 

BRANDON— EARL OF LINCOLN. 

See Brandon, Duke of Suffolk. 

BRAY— BARONS BRAY. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 3d November, 1589. 
21 Henry VIII. 

ICineagc. 

SIR REGINALD BRAY, Knight Bannexvt, and 
Knight of the Garter, (the first member of this 
family mentioned by Dugdale, as of note,) was in 
the service of Margaret, Countess of Richmond, at 
the m tsasion of Ridiaxd III., and contributed his 
exertions to the devalion of her ladyship's son to 
the throne, as Henry VIL Sir Reginald d, without 
issue* and Margery, the only daughter of his brother 
John, became his heir, which Margery m. Sir Wil- 
liam Sandys, afterwards Lord Sandys. Sir Reginald 
Bray had, however, another brother,lKbose son and 
heir, '^^^ 

SIR EDMUND BRAY, KnL, was summoned to 
par&ament as a babon, ttom the ad November, 
Ua9, to 8th June, 1536. His lordship m. Jane, 
daiighter, and heiress of Richard HaliweU, (by his 
wife, Anne, daiighter, and heirew of Sir John Nor- 
bury, Knt, grandson of Sir John Norbury, Knt, 
by Elisabeth, eldest sister, and co-heir of Ralph 
Boteler, Lord Sudley,) and had Issu^- 
JoMir, his su cce ssor. 

Anne, m. George Brooke, Lord Cofaham. ^ 
Elixabeth , m. first, to Sir Ralph Vem^, and 

secondly, to Sir Richard Catesby. . ^ 
Frediswide, m. to Sir Percival Ha^ ^0 "^ 
Mary, m. to Robert Peckhami EsoT 
Dorothy, m. first, to Edmund, Lord Chandoe, 
and secondly, to WiUiam, Lord Knolles, 
K.G. iV:!.*v^ tU/i^ 
Frances, m. to Thomas Lifidd, Esq., of Stoke 
D'Aubemon, Surrey, and left a daughter, 
and heiress, 

Jane, who m. Thomas Vincent, Esq., 
lineal ancestor (rf the present Sir Fran- 
cu Vincent, Bart., of Stoke D'Auber- 
mm. /}. 154^ 

Lord Bray d. in 1539, and was «. by his son, 
80 









JOHN BRAY, second baron, summoned to par* 
llament from the 3d November, 1545, to the 81st 
October, 1556. This nobleman was a commanding 
officer in the expedition nuide into France under 
the Earl of Hertford, in the 38th of Henry VIII. ; 
and upon the insurrectian in Norfolk, in the Sd of 
Edward VI., his lordship marched with the Mar- 
quess of Northampton for its suppression ; and in 
three years afterwards he was appointed to attend 
the same nobleman upon his embassy into France, 
as bearer of the order of the garter to the Frendi 
monarch. In the 4th year of Mary, he assisted at 
the siege of St. Quintius, in Picardy. His lordship 
m. Anne, daughter of Francis, Earl of Shrewsbury, 
but dying «. ^ on the 18th November, 1557, his 
estates devolved upon his sisters, and the Barony 
or Bbay, fdl into abbyancb, amongst these ladies, 
as it still continues with their descendants. 

Arms.— Ar. a chev. betw. three eagles legs erased 
Jilitquis^,sa. 

BROMFLETE— BARON OF VESCY. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 24th January, 1449, 
27 Henry VL 

In the 11th year of Richard II., 

THOMAS DE BROMFLETE obtained a char^ 
tar of firee warren in all his demesne lands in the 
county of York, and marrying in two years after- 
wards, Margaret, daughter, and heiress of Sir John 
St. Jbhn, Knt, by Anastasie, daughter, and co-heir 
of WiUiam de Aton, Lord of Vesd, had livery of 
the lands of her inheritance^ In the 19th of the 
same reign he was constituted the king's chief butler, 
and received the honor of knighthood. In the 9d 
of Henry V., Sir Thomas served the oflice of sheriiT 
of Yorkshire, and was governor of the castle at 
York. He d. in the 9th of Henry VL, and was #« 
by his only surviving son, 

SIR HENRY DE BROMFLETE, Knt., who 
had then livery of Ms lands, and was soon after con- 
stituted slieiiff of the county of York, and governor 
of the castle there. In the 12th of Henry VI., Sir 
Henry was sent ambassador to the great council, 
holden at Basil, in Germany; having license to take 
with him, in gold, silver, jewels, and plate, to the 
value of £2000 sterling, and an assignfttion of £300 
tot every half year he- should lie detained upon the 
mission, beyond the first six months. In the STth 
of the same reign, he was summoned to pariiament 
by special writ, dated 24th January, (1440,) as 
" Hbnrico Bromplbts db Vbbci, Chbtalibr," 
in remainder to the heirs male of hb body, being 
the >lrsf and tmlp writ with such a UtmUatUm. His 
lordship had afterwar d s a specific dispensation firom 
the duty of attendbig parliament, in consideration 
of hb emhient services to King Henry V., in that 
monarch's wars of France and Normandy, fbr whldt 
he had never received any remuneratian, and in 
consideration, likewise, of his advanced age. Lord 
Vescy'k. on the ath January, 140B, and leaving no 
male issue, the baroitv BXPiRBn, according to the 
teems of the writ. A portion of his hnrdahlpFs cstatci 



BRO 



BRO 



bf his wUl, to nligioufl purpoMt* 
while the icnudnder devolved i^msd his only dragh- 

Maaoabbt db Bbomvlbtb, who m. flnt» 
John CUflnd, Lord Cliflbrd. who lUl at the 
battle of Towton, on the 1st of Henry IV.* 
(see ClilRvd, Lords CliAird,) and Moondly, 
Sir Lancelot Threlkdd. Knt.» by whom ihe 
had three dau^ters, viz. ^-< 
^~-> m. to Thomas Dudley. 
-~— , IN. to James Pickering. 
Winifred, m. to William Pickering. 
Henry Bromflete, Lord VcMy, was summoned to 
parliaaient altogether, ftom the 84th Jsnuary, 1440, 
to the »th February, 140& 

a bend florte oounter-florte, or. 



BROOKE—BARONS COBHAM. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 8th January, 1313, 

6 Edward II. 

Xincagt. 

This ancient barony came into the fiunily of Brooke, 
with Joane, only ditnghter, and heiren of Sir Rcgi> 
neld Bnrybroke, and his wife, Joane de la Pole, 
gnad-dougbter and heireis of John Cobham, second 
and last Lord Cobham, of that flunily, (tee Cobbam, 
Barans Cobham,) which 

JOANE BRAYBROKE espoused Sib Thomas 
Bbokb, Knt., and had iMue, 

SIR EDWARD BROOKE, KnL, who was sum- 
Booad to parliament as ■« EnwrABOO Bbookb db 
Cobham, Cbbtalibb," ftom the 13th January, 
1445, to the 30th July, 1400. (The bsrony of Cob- 
ham had lafan dormant from the execution of Sir 
John OldcBstle, Lord Cobham, until the iisue of 
the flist of these summonies.) His lordship was a 
aealous supporter of the hooae of York, under whose 
banner he participated in the victory of St Albans, 
in the 33d of Henry VI., snd commanded tlie left 
wing ot the Yorlohiremen at Northampton. He m. 
EBaabeth, daughter at James, Lord Audley, and 
dyia^ in 1404, was «. by his son, 

JOHN BROOKE, who was summoned to parliap 
ment as Loan Cobram, Arom the 19th August, 1472, 
to the Iflth Jsnuary, 1407' This nobleman dlstin- 
gnisfaed hlmielf in arms in therelgns of Edward IV., 
and Henry YIL His lordship m. Margaret, daugh- 
ter of Edw^ Nevil, Lord Abergavenny, and dying 
hi UOB, was«. by his ion, 

THOMAS BROOKE, rammoned to parliament, 
Aran 17th October, 1500, to ISth November, 1513. 
His lofldafaip attended King Henry VIII. into France 
at tiie taking of Toumay. He m. thrice, but had 
issue by his first wife, Dorothy, daughter of Sir 
Henry Heyden, only, and dying in IfiSO, was «. by 
hSsddcst ion, 

GEORGE BROOKE, summoned to parliament, 
firomad November, 15ao, to flOth January, 15fi& Upon 
thediieofaation of thegrcater monasteries in the reign 
of Henry VIIL, this nobleman obtained a grant in 
Urn of the manor of Chattingdon, In Kent{ as also 
of the eoUige of CObham, and in the 5th of Edward 
VI., on some apprehension of danger from^the 
Fvendk, he was constituted lieutenant-general of 
those forces which were sent Into the north for the 



purpose of fa i Uf y in g some havaos thersk At the 
secession of Queen Mary he was oonunitted to the 
Tower on suspicion of bsing implicated in the tree- 
son of Sir Thomas Wyat, but was soon afterwards 
Uberated. His lordship in. Anne, dau^ter of Ed- 
mund, Lord Bray, and had issue, William, hb 
suooessor, with seven other sons, the fifth of whom, 
Henry, was ancestor of the Brofrites, of HeUnton, 
and two daughters, namely^— 

Elisabeth, m. to William Parr, Marquess of 

Northampton, (his lordship's second wifo). 
Katharine, m. to John Jcmingham, Esq. 
Lord Cobham, who was a knight of the garter, d, at 
Col>ham Hall, on the 20th September, 156B, and was 
«. by his eldest son, 

WILLIAM BROOKE, summoned to parliament, 
firom 1508 to 13B& This noMeman bsing lord warden 
of the cinque ports at the death of Queen Mary, was 
deputed to announce to the Spaniards, in the Nether- 
lends, the accessio n of Elisabeth, and to acquaint 
them that her nu^esty had added to the commission, 
appointed to negotiate a peace atCambray, William, 
Lord Howard, of Efflngliam. In the 14th of Elisa- 
beth, Us lordship being one of those committed to 
the Tower of London, for participathig in the de- 
signs of the Duke of Norfolk, regarding that noble- 
man's marriage with Mary, Queen at Scots, made a 
discovery of all he knew of the aflUr, in the hope of 
obtaining his own pardon. The baron was subse- 
quently employed upon two occssions to treat of 
peace with Franca He was afterwards constable of 
Dover Castls, and warden of the dnque ports, lord 
dbamberiain of the housdiold, and a kkiobt of the 
most NOBLB order of the Gabtbb. His lordship m. 
first, Dorothy, daughter of George, Lord Aberga- 
venny, by Mary, daughter of Edward, Duke of 
BucklnghJsm, by whom he had an only daughter, 
Frances, m. first, to Thomas Coppinger, Esq., 
of Kent, and secondly, to Edmund Beecher, 
Esq. 
Lord Cobham, m. secondly, Frances, daughter of 
Sir John Norton, and had issuo^ 

MaadmiUan, who d. before bis flither, «. p. 
Hbnby, succewor to the title. 
George, executed and attainted In the reign of 
King James I. ssa participator in *< Raleigh's 
conspiracy," and left Issue by his wife, EH- 
aabeth, daughter of Thomas, Lord Borough, 
William, restored in blood, m. Penelope, 
daughter of Sir Moses Hill, Knt.^ and 
left two daughters,* 
— , m. to Sir John Denham, Knt, 

the poet. 
Hill, m. toSir William Boothley, Knt 
William. (Sir,) killed in 1507. 
Ebsabetb, m. to Robert, Earl of Salisbury. 
Frances, m. first to John, Lord Stourton, and 

secondly, to Sir Edward Moore. 
Margaret, m. to Sir Thomas Sondes, Knt, and 
had, 

Fbancbs, m. to Sir RIdurd Levison, 
Knt, and left, 

SiB John Lbvisow, Knt, of Tren- 

« TotheBe1edle8,notwitlistandingtbeattalnder, the 
king grsnted the precedency of a baron's daughters. 
M " 



BRO 



BRO 



Uum, StAlRirdihlre, who had 

Sir Rlduurd LoiiKm, K.B.» died 
«.p. 

Frances, m. to Sir Thomas 
Gow«r> aaoestor of the Mar> 
quess of Stafford. 

Christiana, m. to Sir Pater Tem- 
plei of Stowe, in the county 
of Bucks, whose grandson. 
Sir Riclurd Temple, was cre- 
ated in 1714, Baron Cohham, 
and in 1718, Viscount and 
Baron Cohham (see Temple, 
Lord Cohham, under the head 
of Buckingham, in Burke'* 
DidUmarif t^fthe Petrage and 



His lordship d. In 1406, and was «. by his eldest son, 
HENRY BROOKE, summoned to parliament on 
theMth Octoher, li97. This noUeman was constitut- 
ed by Queen Elisabeth, warden of the cinque ports ; 
but In the reign of King James, being arraigned with 
his brother George fbr participation in the alleged 
treason of Sir Walter Raleigh, they were Ibund 
guilty and condemned to death, bat Geoige Brooke 
akme suflbred. His lordship was repriered, yet 
nevertheless attainted, and left to drag on in misny, 
and the most wretched porerty, the remainder of an 
unhappy Hfb in impriaonment, wherein he died in 
KnUL His wife was Fmces, daughter of Charles 
Howard, Earl of Nottingham, but he had no issuck 
Under the attainder of this unfortunate nobleman 
the ancient Baront or Cobham skpirbd, 
although his nephew and heir William Cobham, 
(son of the beheaded and attainted George,) was 
restored in blood in 1610, but ** not to ee^oy the 
title of Lord Cobham without the king's espedal 
grace," which was never con i teried upon him.* 

• The plot in whidi Henry, Lord Cobham, and 
his brother the Honourable Geoige Brooke were 
involved, is known aa the ** Raleigh Conspiracy," 
and amongst the principal actors were the Lord 
Grey of Wilton, Sir George Carew, and other per- 
sons of eminence. Lord Cobham appears to have 
been not many degrees removed firom a iool, but 
e^)oyhig the favour of the Queen, he was a fitting 
tool in the hands of his more wily associates. Upon 
his trial he was dastardly to the most aliject meanness. 

The mode of bringing the prisoners on the scaf- 
fold, and aggravating their suArin^^ with momen> 
tary expectation of their catastrophe, before the 
pre-lntended pardon was produced, was a piece of 
management and contrivance Ibr whidi King James 
was by the sycophants of the court very highly ex- 
tolled, but such a course was universally esteemed 
the pitiAil policy of a weak contemptible mind. 

On this occasion, however, says Sir Dudley Carle- 
ton, CoUiam, who was now ■* to play his part," 
did mudi coain the world, for he came to the teat- 
fold with good assuiance, and contempt of death. 
And In the ahort prayws he made, so outpiayed the 
company which helped to pray with him, that a 
stander^by observed, *' that he had a good mouth in 
a cry, but was nothing single." 



AMfa— Gules, a dievraa ar. a lion rampant sa. 
crowned or* 

BROOK£~BARON COBHAM. 

• By Letters Patent, dated 3rd January, 1645, 

90 Charles L 

SIR JOHN BROOKE OP HEKINGTON, (son 
of the Honourable Henry Brooke, 5th son of 
George, fourth Lord Cobham of that fkmily,) having 
eminently distinguished himself In the cause of 
King Charles I., was elevated to the peeiage on the 
3rd January, 1645, as Lord Cobham, *' to ei^oy 
that title in as ample a manner as any of his ances> 
tors had done," save that the remaindership was 
limited to hein male His lordship d. in 1601, : p. 
when the barony bxpirbd. 

Arms. — Ou. a chevron ar. a lion rampant sa. 
crowned or. 

BROTHERTON — EARL OF NOR- 
FOLK. 

See Plantagenet, Earl of Norfolk. 

BROWN— VISCOUNTS MONTACUTE 
OR MONTAGU. 

By Letters Patent, dated 2d September, 1554. 

ICincagt. 

SIR ANTHONY BROWN, who was made 
Knight of the Bath at the coronation of King 
Richard II., left two sons, the younger. Sir Stephen 
Brown, Lord Mayor of London, in 1439, imported 
during his mayoralty, large cargoes of rye from 
Prussia, in consequence of the scarcity of wheat, 
and distributed them amongst the poorer rinses of 
the people The elder son, 
SIR ROBERT BROWN, was father ot 
SIR THOMAS BROWN, treasurer of the house- 
hold to King Henry VI., who m. Eleenor, daughter 
and co-heiress of Sir Thomas Fita-Alan, and nil 



After they were remanded (Sir Dudley says), and 
brought back on the scaflbld, *' they looked strange 
on one another, like men beheaded aad meTagain in 
the other world." He Is stated to have died In « 
state of filth, for want of apparel and linen t which 
was a singular Judgment, that a man of near jC7,000 
a year, and a k>enanal estate of £30,000, which 
should have esc h eated to the crown, but whereof 
the king was cheated, should die fin- want ; as in 
such cases the king usually grents main»f>aTH^ 
thereout, though not from the revenue of the 
crown. It is moreover asserted, that the lady Cob- 
ham, his wife, though very rich, would not even 
give him the crumbs from her table. 

Thus the noUe mansion of Cobham Hall, in Kent* 
with the surrounding estate, the ancient seat of the 
once illustrious and spreading branches of the Cob> 
ham funily, fell to the crown i and were granted by 
James L, in the 10th of his reign, to his kinsman, 
Lodowick Stewart, Duke of Lenox, and aft e r w ard a 
of RIdimood, from whom they at length dnnemlfni 
thfongh an heiress to the family of Bligh, Baron of 
Clifton in England, and Earls of Damley in Ire. 
land. 



BRO 



BRQ 



of John* Earl of AnukW* bjr whom teaequired 
the cMtle of Beachirarth, in Smnvjr, and had, with 



George <Slr) of Beechworth Castle, who, in the 
lat RIdiard IIL, was amongsf those ocdered 
to be i^pxehoMled aradharsnts of the Duke 
of Buckingham. From this Sir George 
Brown deMended, 

Sir AMBBoac Bboww, Baronet of Beech- 
worth, who m. EUaabeth, daughter and 
he ire i i of WUliam Adair, Esq., of 
SaAoD WaUxon, and was «. by his 



Sin Adam Bbowx, second baronet, 
whose only son Amnosa, pre* 
d ec e asing him unmanied, the ba- 
ronetcy and Une terminated at his 



WUliam, died*. Ik 
Anthony, of wliom pvesently. 
Robsrt. (Star) m. Mary, daughter of Sir Wil- 
liam Mallet. KnC, and left an only dau^ter 
•ad hail ess Eleanor, in. first to Thomas 
Fogo, Esq., and secondly, to William 
Kempe^ Esq., of Olantye, Kent. 
Catherine, m. to Humphrey Sackvile. Esq., 
of BncidrarBty tai the county of Sussex. 
The third sop, 
ANTHONY BROWN, waa appointed in the 1st 
of Henry VIL standaid-beaier, fbr the whole 
of England and elsewhere; and the next year, 
one of the esquires of the king's body, was 
<ooatituted goretnor of Quesabotongh Castle, Kent. 
At this period pertlcipating In the victory achieved 
tlie Earl of Linodn, and Lambert Simnell. at 
he moalved the honour of kni^thood. 
Sir Anthony, m. Lucy, one of the daughters and 
cm lieiis of Johh Nbtii., MAnQunaa or Moittaou, 
and widow of Sir Thomas Flt>>wiiliams, of AkU 
warkc* iu the county of York, and had issue— 
AifTHOXT, his successor. 
Elizabeth, m. to Henry Somerset, Earl of 

Worcester. 
Lucy, m. to Sir Thomas Cliflbrd, Knt 
Sir Anthony was «. by his son, 

SIR ANTHONY BROWN, who was with the 
Eail of Surrey. Lord High Admiral,at Sontthampton, 
in the 14th Henry VIII., when he convoyed the 
emperor from that port to Biscay ; and after land- 
ing at MorMa, in Britamy, was knighted for his 
fallantry in the assault, and winning ct that town. 
In twD years afterwards, being then an esquire of 
die honsehoM, he was oneof the challengers in feaits 
of annstaeld at Greenwich before theking; and the 
next ynar he was appointed Lieutenant of the Isle 
of Man, during the minority of the Earl of Derby. 
After tUs be was twice deputed on imp<»tant oc- 
isador to tfie court of France ; and 
, in 30th of the sune ttiffk a grant of the 
! of mastiFr of the hoae, with the annual fee of 
In which year he had adso a grant of 
the house and acite of the late Monastery of Battle, 
in the county of Sussex. In th&next year he was 
eleeted, with the Lord ChanceBor^Audiey, a khioht 
of the moat noBLn order of the Oartxb. In the 
30th of Henry, Sir Anthony was constituted 



standanU b eaw r to the king, and was nominaled by 
his nu^lesty one of the executors to his wilL Sir 
Anthaoy Brown, m. Alice* daughter of Sir John 
Gege, K.G., and had, with other issue— 
AvTBOif y, his heir. 

William, M. Anne, daughter and oo-heireM of 
Hugh Hastings, Esq., by whom he acquired 
Elalngt ia the county of Southampton. 
Mary, m. to John Grey, second son of Thomas, 

Marquess of Detset. 
Mabel, ei. toGemld, Earl of Kiktam 
Lucy, IN. to Thomas Roper, Esq., of Eltham, 
in Kent. 
Sir Anthony, d. 8Ch May, IMS, and was «. by his 
eldest son, 

SIR ANTHONY BROWN, KxT., sheriff of 
Surrey and Sussex in the last year of King Ed- 
ward VL, who was elevated to the p eer ag e by Queen 
Mary, <m the tad September, 1564, in the dignity 
of ViacoDKT MonTAou, apMl immediately after 
deputed, by order of parUamcnt» with Thomas 
Thurlby, Bishop of Ely, to the pope, for the pur^ 
pose of reunltiag the reabn of England with the 
churdi of Rome. In the next ^ar his lordship was 
installed a khi obt of the most ifOBi.n order of the 
GAnrnn; but upon the accession of Queen Elisa- 
beth his name was left out of the privy council, 
and he voted soon after, in his place in parliament, 
with the Earl of Shrewsbury, against abolishing the 
popcTs supremacy. Yet, according to Camden, he 
contrived to ingxatiata himself with her miOesty. 
** Quesn Elisabeth," says that writer, *' having ex- 
perienced his loyalty, had great esteem for him, 
(though he was a stiff Romanist,) and paid him a 
visit some time before his death: for she was sensi- 
ble that his regard for that reUgton wm owing to Ms 
cradle and education, and procaeded rather from 
principle than fisction, as some peoplcTs faith did." 
His lordship m., first, Jane, daughter of Robert 
Ratclifl>», Earl of Sussexf and had issue— 

Ajithowt, who pradeceased him on the flOth 

June, 1MB, leaving by his wife, Mary« 

daughter of Sir William Dormer* Knt. of 

Bthorp, in the county of Buck»— 

ANTBOiry, who succeeded as second vie- 

count. 
Jolm, m. Anne, daughter of — — Oiflbrd, 
Esq., and had 

Stanislaus, whose grsadson, Mahk. 
AvTHoiry Browk, inherited as 
ninth viscouat 



Borothy, m. to Edwaad Lee, Esq., of 
Stanton Barry, ib the county of Bucks. 
Jane, m. to Sir Geoige Englefleld, Bart. 
Catharine, m. to -— >- TrQgaaian, Esq. 
Mary, m, lint, to Henry Wriothesley, Earl of 
Southampton t secondly, to Sir Thomas 
Heneage, Knt. } and thiidly, to Sir William 
Harvey, BarL, created Lord Ross in Ireland, 
and Baron Kidbrook in England. 
The viscount f*., secondly, MagdalsB. daughter of 
WUliam, Lord Dacres of Gilleaknd. .and had, with 
other issue— 

Oeoi^e. (Sir,) of Wtchant-Breue* in the county 
of Kent, m. Mary, daughter of Sir Robert 



BRO 



BRU 



Tlrwhitt, of Kctthby, In tlwooimty of Lin- 
cola, Knt.» and had 

George, m. Eleanor, dau|^t«r of Sir 

Richard Blount, of Mapledurham, in 

the county of Oxford, Knt., and had 

two tooB and a daughter. 

Havy, of Kiddington, in the coimty of Oxidrd, 

m. Anne, daughter of Sir William Catetby, 

Knt, and had 

PsTBR, (Sir,) who was slain in the ser- 
vice of King Charles I., leaving two 
sons, 

HaxRY, created a baronet in 1658, 

with reminder to his brother. 
Francis. 
EUabeth, m. to Sir Robert Dormer, afterwards 

Lord Dormer. 
Mabel, m. to Sir Henry Capel, ancestor to the 

Earl of Essex, -ti^iu iif".^^* 
Jui»t m. to Sir Francis Lacon of WiUey, in the 
county of Salop, Knt 
His lordship, who was on the trial of Mary, Queen 
of ScoU. d. on the 19th October, Ifiitt, and was «. 
by his grandson, 

ANTHONY BROWN, second viscount, whom, in 
February, 1091, Jane, daughter of Thomas Sack ville. 
Earl of Dorset, Lord High Treesurer of England, 
and had issue— 

FnAwcra, his successor. 
Mary, m,, first, to William, Lord St. John of 
Basing { and secondly, to William, second 
son of Thomas, Lord Arundel (rf Wardour. 
Catherine, m. to William Tirwhitt, Esq., of 
Kettleby. 

. ' j- became nims abroad. 

Mary, m. to Robert, Lord PeCre 
His lordship tf. 83rd October, 1689, and was «. by 
hisscm, 

FRANCIS BROWN, third viscount. This noble- 
man suflbred conrtderably In the royal cause during 
the civil wars, but lived to hail therestoratlon of the 
monardiy. His lordship m. Eliaabeth, youngest 
daughter of Henry Somerset, Marquess of Woroea- 
ter, and had issue, Francis and Henry, sucoessivdy 
viscounts, and Elisabeth, m. to Christopher Roper, 
^ e yw.V*«^ fl^ Loi^ Teynham.X'Hls lordship d. on the Snd 
November, 1089, and was «. by hb elder son, 
J FRANCIS BROWN, fourth viscount This no- 

.>TM*r bleman, who was a lealous catholic, was appointed 

lord-Ueutenantof Sussex, by King James IL, in 1687. 
His lordship m. Mary, daughter of William Herbert, 
Marqueis of Powis, and widow of Robert Molineux, 
ddest son of Carryl, Viscount MoUiftux, but dying 
«. p. in 1706, his honors devolved upon his brother, 
HENRY BROWN, fifth viscount, who m. Bar- 
bara, daughter of James WaUngham, Esq., of 
Chesterford, in the county of Essex, and had lasuo— 
Aif THOWY, his sucoesaor. 
Mary, d. unmarried. 
Elisabeth* a nun. 
Barbara, m. to Ralph Salvin, Esq. 
Catherine, m. to George Colingwood, Esq., of 

Northumberland. 
Anne, m, to Anthony Kemp, Esq., of Slindon, 
in Sussex. 
— ^ 84 



Henrietta, m. to Richiid Hanaourt, Esq. 
His lordship d. on the SHh June, 1717* and was «, toy 
his son, 

ANTHONY BROWN, sixth viscount This no- 
bleman m. Frances, sbter of Sir Herbert Macworth, 
Bart, and widow of Aleunder, Lord Halkerton, by 
whom be had issuer 

GaonoB-SAjf UBi., his successor. 
Elisabeth Mary, m. in 1794, to WOUam Stqthcn 
Poyntx, Esq., of Medgham, Berks. 
His lordship d. in 1787, and was «. by his son, 

GEORGE-SAMUEL BROWN, seventh viscount, 
who met an untimely £ste, in a rash attempt to pass 
the waterfalls of Schauffhausen, accompanied by his 
friend, Mr. Sedley Burdet, in a small flat^bottomed 
boat, contrary to the advice, and even restriction of 
the local magistrate, who, knowing the certain re- 
sult of so unprecedented an enterprise, had placed 
guards to intercept the daring travdlers. They 
found means, however, to dude every precaution, 
and having pushed off, passed the first fall in secu- 
rity, but in attempting to dear the second they dis- 
appeared, and were never afterwards seen or heard 
o£ It b presumed that the boat, impelled by the 
violence of the cataract, got Jammed be tw ee n the 
two rocks, and was thus destroyed. This mdan- 
choly event occurred in I79S, and about the same 
period his lordship's magnificent maiydon at Cou- 
dray was accidentally burnt to the ground. His 
lordship dying unmarried the viscounty was sup- 
posed to devolve upon (the grandson of Stanislaus 
Brown, Esq., son and heir of John Brown, Esq., 
brother of Anthony, second viscount, and grandson 
of the first lord) hb cousin, 

MARK ANTHONY BROWN, Eeo., as ninth 
Viscount Montagu, at whoae decease, in 1797, wltli- 
out issue, the dignity became cxTXNcT. 

Anjfa.— Sa. three lion« passant in bend between 
two double ootcees ar. 

BRUCE— BARON BRUCE, OF ANAN- 

DALE. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 23rd June, li95, 
83 Edward 1st 

Xiitcagc. 

The illustrious fkmily <tf Bruce, was fbunded in 
England, by 

SIR ROBERT DE BRUS, a noble Norman, 
who accompanied the conqueror, and obtained no 
less than ninety-four lordships in the county of 
York, of which Skdton, manor and castle, 
the chief, and the manors of Herts and H< 
in the bishopric of Dtirfaam. This eminent 
IN. first, Agnes, daughter of Fulk Paganal, and had 

iSBU»— 

AoAM, who «. to the Yorkshire estates, and 
whose male line terminated with 

Pbtbe ob Bbvb, in 1871, at whose 
decease, «. p,, hb great possoesions r»- 
verted to his four slstcts, aaoo-heiressea. 
via. 

Margaret, m. to Robert de Roos. 

Agnes, m. to Walter Fauoonberga 

Lucy, m. to Marmeduke de Thweng. 

Laderine, m, to John de Bellew. 



BRU 



BRU 



Sir RolMrt, m. wtamdkj, Agnet Aaand, a 
SeottWi h nlKM , liy whom be aeqnind th* Lotd- 
ihip of AnmdaK in tlwt Uofdom, whkb» with 
Hot mtd HwrtnoMj he liMtowed upon hi* aon liy 
thatlady, 

ROBERT DE BRUS, of whom llttto li noontod. 
■IT* KMoe bene&ctioiis* which he bestowed upon 
thednndl He wiw «. by hit Mn, 

WILLIAM DE BRUS, who it UkewiM uano- 
tioed* except for hit rtUgione. gnnto ; he was 
IMag at die dote of the twdfth entiUT'-Huid waa 
j^ at hit deoaate by fait ton, 

ROBERT DE BRUS, who in. Iiabtl, daughter 
of DsTid, Earl of Huntingdon, niece of Wzixiam, 
KiJre or Sooti.axd, and one of the titters and 
of John* tumaaoed Scot, Earl of Hunt- 
laat Count Palatine, of Chetter: and 
c byhiataa, 

ROBERT DE BRVS, who, in the 34th of 
Honry III., wet one of tlM Juttleet of the court 
at Common Pleat, and in two yean afterwardt, 
doing homage, had livery of the gnrt ettatet which 
be inherited from hit mother. In the aoth of the 
I, he wat conttituted ihariff of Cum- 
I, and governor of tiie cattle ot Carlitla. Ad- 
hering to the king agafaitt tlw turbulont baxont, 
be ttaared the fortunet of hit royal matter, and 
roee again into power after the triumph of the 
royal axmt, at Eveaham, (48th Henry IIL,) when 
he was reinttated in hit goremoiship of the castle 
of CarUtle. Upon the demite of Aliwander IIL, 
of Scotland, in 1296, thit English feudal knd, pre- 
ferred his cfadmt to the Scottish throne, but the 
matter bdng referred to the' arUtxatlon of King 
Edward, of Engjbmd, that monarch dedded tai favor 
of John Battel, the grandaon of David, Earl of Hun- 
tingdon, to whom, however. Brut refuted to do ho- 
mage, and thereupon resigned his lands in Anandale, 
to bis eldest son Robbbt, but Robert also reftuing 
ftalty to the new king, the estates were transferred 
to hk second son, another Robbbt, who complied 
widi the oonditian. Robert de Brus, in. first, 
Isabel, daughter of Gilbert de Claxe, Earl of Glo- 
ceater, by whom he had a son, Robbbt the elder. 
He m. aecoodly, a dau^ter <rf the Earl of Carrick, 
and had the younger, 

ROBERT DE BRUS, who did homage to BaUol, 
aa stated above, and obtained, in consequence^ the 
Loidship of Anandale. In the SSnd of Edward I., 
this feudal baron, had, with other great men, sum- 
moos to repair to Portanouth, upon the 1st day 
of September, wdl fitted with horse and arms, to 
attend the king upon an expedition, preparing at 
that period, against France: but dying in the same 
year, he was #. by his son, 

ROBERT BRUCE, who wat summoned aa a 
Babow, to the F^gM*** perilament, from the 23rd 
June, lfi05, to 98th January, 1997* m " Robert de 
Bnie, tenior," to diattnguish him from his brother 
Robert Bruce, Earl of Carrick. Thit nobleman 
adhering fldthfuUy to King Edward I., wat en- 
gaged leveral years in the Scottish wars. His 
lordship dying «. ^ in 1304, the babony bxpibbd, 
wUia his landa devcdved upon his brother, 

Robbbt Bbvcx, Earl of Carrick, who was 
Kiifo or ScoTi«AND, at Scone, 



OB thaMth March, 1305. and olMahMd, sub- 
sequently, so much celebrity, aa *' tvb 
Bava or BAXirocKBVBV." He was tne- 
oaeded upon the Scottish throne, by his sob, 
David, who d. without issue, when the 
crown devolved upon his nephew, 
(the son of his sitter and helreai. Mar- 
gery, by Walter Stewart, Lord High 
Steward of Scotland). 

Robbbt, first monarch of the Bouaa 
of Stbwabt. 
ABMa.— Or. a saltier and chief gules. 

BRUCE ~ EARLS OF AYLi^URY, 
BARONS BRUCE OF WHORL- 
TON, IN THE COUNTY OF 
YORK. 



Barony 
Earldom 



} By Letteia Patent, { ^^ ^""^^ '•^ 



18th March, 1089. 

THOMAS BRUCE, flrat Earl of Elgin in the 
peenge of Scotland, was cieattd a peer of Bi^laBd 
on the 13th July, 1640, at Babon Bbvcb or 
Wboblton, in Uke oswn^r ^f York, and dying In 
1863, was «. by his only son, 

ROBERT BRUCE, seoosid Eari of Elgin, who was 
advanced fai the peerage of England on the 18th 
March, 108^ to the dignities of Baron Bruce of 
SkMton, in the county of YoriL, Viscount Bruce of 
AmpthiU, in the county of Bedfiwd, end Eabi. or 
ATi.BaBUBY. His lordship m. Diana* dau^ter of 
Henry, second Earl of Stamfmrd, and dying in IflM^ 
wat ». by his only surviving son, 

THOMAS BRUCE, third Earl of Elgin, andseoond 
Earl of Aylesbury, who m., first, in 1676, Elintbeth, 
daughter of Henry, Lord Beauchamp, and heiress 
of her brother, William, third Duke of Someiaet, 
by whom be had issu»— 

Chablbb, hb su cce s s or, who wat summoned 
to parliameBt in 1711* as Lobd Bbucb or 

WHOBJ<TOir. 

Elisabeth, m. to George Brudenell, third Earl 
of Cardigan, and had issue— 

Gbobob, fourth Earl of Cardigan, «•• 
Mary* daughter of John* Duke of 
Montagu, and, assuming the surname 
of Montagu, was advanced, at the d*. 
cease of his fisther-in-law, to the Mai- 
quisate of Montbermer, and Dukboom 
or MoBTAOU. His grace d. in 1790,. 
leaving one married daughter, 
Elisabeth, Duchees ci Bucdeuch. 
James, successor to his brother, as fifth 

Earl of Cardigan. 
Robert, whose son inherited aa sixth Earl 

<rf Cardigan, 
Thomab, who, upon succeeding his uncle, 
the Earl of Aylesbury, in the barony 
of Bbucb of Tottenham, assumed tne 
surname of Bruce, and waa subse- 
quently created Eabx. or AvLBaauBy. 
His knrdship, whom., secondly, Charlotte, Countess 
of Sannu, and had an only daughter, Charlotte- 
Maria, wife of Prince Home, died in 1741i and wee 
«. by his only surviving son, 

85 



BRU 



BRV 



OBORGB BRUCE, third Earl of Aytebary, and 

fourth Ecrl of Elgin. This noUanuoim. Anne, eldMt 

djNighter, and one of the co-hcin of William Sa- 

vlle* MarqiieM of Halifax* by whom he had iMue-~ 

Robert, m. Franda, daughter of Sir William 

BlackeC, Bart., and died before his Cither, 



Mary, m. to Henry Brydget, Duke of CThandoa. 

Elisabeth, m., in 1732, to Hon. Benjamin 
Bathurat, son and heir ot Allen, Lord 
BathunL 
Hi* lordship m., secondly, Juliana, second daughter 
of Charles Boyle, Earl of Burlington, but had no 
issuer He m., thirdly, in 1739, Caroline, only 
daughter of General John Campbell, and niece of 
the Duke of Argyll, by whom he had an only 
daughter, 

Mary, m. in 1757, to Charles, Duke oi Rich- 
mond. 
After the decease of his son the Earl of Aylesbury 
and Elgin obtained, by letters patent, dated 17th 
April, 1746, the English Bkrony of Bbvcn or Tot- 
TBNBAM, in the county of Wilts, in remainder to 
his nephew, the Hon. Thomas BrudeneU. His 
lordship <(. oo tlM 10th of February, 1747, when his 
Scottbh booori passed to his heirs general, (see 
Elgin, BurkeTs Peerage and Baronetage). The Eng- 
lish BAitoKY ov ToTTKWHAM as limited, and the 
Eabldom or AVLBSBUAY, with Us lordship's other 
English honors, nxpinnD. 

Arms.— Or. a saltier and chief gu. on a canton ar. 
a lion rampant aa. 

BRUOES— EARL OF WINCHESTER. 

By Creation in open Pariiament, 13th Oct, 1472, 
IS Edward IV. 

Xincagc. 

LEWES DE BRUGES, Lord of Gruthuae, and 
Prince of Steenhuse, a Burgundian, having evinced 
the greatest sympathy for King Edward IV., during 
that RMwarch's exile, (when toned to fly by the 
Lancastrians in the tenth year of his reign,) at 
the court of his brother-in-law, Charles de Valols, 
Duke of Burgundy, waa received in two years 
afterwards by Edward, then re-established monarch 
In his English dominions, with the highest honors, 
and as a testimony of the gratitude felt by the 
nation towards so staunch a ftriend, its sovereign, 
the House of Commons, in parliament assembled, 
besought the king, through their speaker, William 
Alyngton, to bestow upon the for^gn prince some 
especial mark of royal ftvor. In compliance with 
whidi request Edward advanced him, on the 13th 
October, 1478, to the dignity of Earl or Wiir- 
CHB8TXR, in the parliament dumber, by dncture 
with a sword. And granted to the new peer for 
upholding the dignity the sum of £900. annuaUy. 
In the November following his lordship obtained a 
patent of arms as Earl of Windiester, viz., " Asure 
diz masdes d'or, enorme d'une canton de armes de 
Angleterre; cestasavoir de gules, a une lipard pas- 
sant d'or, arm^ d'asure," whidi were so depicted 
in colours in the roll, wherein his patent for them is 
recorded. But in the 15ch of Henry VIL (which 
86 



waa about twenty-seven years aAer,) both theie 
grants were sunendcied to the king, then at Calais, 
and upon each of their enrolments a vamt made, 
without having any reason assigned for the pro- 
ceedings. 

His lordship m. Margaret* daughter of Henry de 
BocseUe, and had issue— 

JoHK, Lord nfOnrtlnite, father <rf Rboihalo, 
who d, without issue male. 

ArmSi— As. ten maades, fourth, third, second, 
and first, or. on a canton, gules, a lion passant 
guardantof theseccnd. . 

BRYAN— BARON BRYAN. 

By Writ of Summons, dated SSth November, 
1300, S4 Edward IIL 

In the 89th of Henry in. 

GUY DE BRIAN, whose diief seat was in the 
mardies of Wales, received command to assist the 
Earl of Gloucester against the Wdsh : and in the 
48nd of the same reign, he had a second military 
summons for a similar service. We find him sub- 
sequently, howevCT, arrayed under the baronial ban 
ner, and constituted after die victory of his party, 
at Lewes, governor of the castles of Kardioait, 
and Krrmsrdtn, but he soon afterwards returned 
to his allegia n ce, and was one of the sureties--61st 
Henry IIL— for Robert de Vere, Earl of Oxford, 
that that nobleman should thenceforward deport 
himself peaceably, and abide by the dietwn tf JCe- 
nihoorfft, for the redemption of his lands. This 
Guy de Brian, m. Eva^ only dau^ter and heireBS 
of Henry de Trad, and dying in the 3fth Edward I., 
was #. by his son, 

SIR GUY DE BRYAN, who. In the 4th Ed. 
ward IIL, was constituted governor of the castle 
of Haverford, but he was afterwards found to be 
of unsound mindr— when an agreement was made, 
that the Barony of « Chtutei fTahct^,'* should 
at once oome into poasessami of his son GuovBur, 
upon his undertaking to provide for his two abters* 
jfrom the revenues thereof: This 

GUOYEN DE BRYAN, thus inwted with the 
Barony of Chastel-Walwyen, served in the Scottish 
wars, in the 11th of Edward IIL, and in consi- 
demtion of his special services, had an annuity of 
£40i granted him by the king, out of the exdiequer, 
for VHe, In the 15th of the same reign, he was 
made governor of St. Briavel's Castle, and warden 
of the forest ot Dene, in the county of Gloucester ; 
and firom the 16th to the aoth, he was engaged in 
the French wars. He d. hi 1350, and was «. by 
his son, 

GUY DE BRYAN, who became a person of 
condderable note, at that period in whidi he lived. 
About the time of his father's death, he ww 
standard-bearer to Khig Edward IIL, in the ode- 



, • Banks surmises, that those ladies were, 
Ella, the wift of Robert Fita^pnyne, and 
Elisabeth, wife of Robert de Grey, who inherited 
a portion of the Fits-payne estates, and assumed 
the surname of Flla-paync. (See Fita-paync^) 



BRY 



BRY 



bfatadflglitwithtlMFiCBCb at Cklais, «id deport- 
ing himielf with gtoit valour upon that oocaskm, 
ha had a gzant of two hundred marlu per annum* 
out of the exchequ e r, for lifck He waa alio oon- 
atituted goreniar of St. Biiaveb Castle, and war- 
den of the forest of Dene; and was summoued to 
parliament, as a sabox, from flSth Norember, 13S0, 
to 41th December, UMBl In 1304, his lordship was 
one of the ambassadors to the court of Rome, to 
procure the papal ratification of a league, then 
made, between the. Kings of England and France t 
tbe next year, he attended King Edward in his 
expedition into Fiance, when he was made a ban- 
neret, and he continued for several years subset 
qocntly, in the French wars. In 1361, he was again 
accredited upon a mission of importance, to the 
holy see, end being some years afterwards, once 
more engaged against the Frendi, he was made 
afdmiral of the king's fl e e t a command renewed to 
his lordship in the next year, (44th Edward III,) 
aad he was soon after elected a kiyioht of the 
Gabtbb. In the rdgn of Richard II., Lord Bryan 
aiao served against the French, and he was in the 
expedition made into Ireland, with Edward Mor- 
timer, Earl of March. His lordship m. Elizabeth, 
dnnghter of William de Montacute, Earl of SaUa- 
bnry, and widow of Hugh le Despemer, by whom, 
(with two younger sons, who d, issudess,) he had. 
Gut, who d. in the lifetime of his fkther, 
Issving issue, 

Phiuppa, m. first, to John Devereux, 
and secondly, to Sir Henry le Scrope, 
Knt., but died *, p, 

Elixabsth, m. to Sir Robert LoveU, 
Knt., and had an only daughter and 



Macdb Lovklx., who IN. first, John 
Fitzafam, Earl of Arundel, and had 
issue, 

HUMPRRBY, EAUL OF ARDN- 

DBLt died «. jKi 
Her ladyship m. secondly, Sir 
Richard Staiford, and had a 
daughter, 

Aticb, m. to James Butler, 
Earl of Ormond, and died 
issueless, in I4fi6b 
His lordship dL in 1390, leaving his two grand-daugh- 
ters, Philippe, then twelve, and Elisabeth, nine 
years of age^ his co-hdrs, between whom the 
Babomt or Bbyah fell into abbyavcx, and it 
became BxrnrcT, at the decease of Avin, CouMTBsa 
or OmffOWD, in 1486. 
ABvaw — Or, three piles meeting in point, as. 

BRYDOES — BARONS CH ANDOS or 
SnoELET Castle, ik the 

COUKTT OF OlOUCESTER, 

EARLS OF CAERNARVEN, 
DUKES OF CHANDOS. 

Barony 1 ) 8th April, IftM. 

Earldom >by Letters Patent, VlMhOct., 1714. 
Dukedom j J 30th April, 1729. 

SIR SIMON DE BRUGGE, of the county of 
Hereford, supposed to have sprung from the old 



Countsde Rethel, tai the prorinoe of Champegnd, 
in France, having taken part against Henry III., 
kist by confiscation, a great proportion of. Ms 
lands, which were eontered upon Roger, Lord 
Cliflbrd. Sir Simon was fuher of enother 

SIMON DE BRUGGE, (commonly omitted in 
the printed pedigrees,) who m. the daughter of 
Walwyn, a family of distinction, in the county of 
Hereford, even to the present tim e s' end had issue, 
JOHN DE BRUGGE, M.P. for the county of 
Hereford, 16th Edward II., 13SS, who left issue, 

SIR BALDWIN BRUGGE, who m. Imbel, 
daughter and heiress, (or oo-helress,) of Sir Piers 
Orandlson, (son of Sir William Otandlsan, by Sibel, 
daughter and co-heir of John« Lord Tiegoa,) and 
had three sons, 

Tromab, his heir. 

John, (Sir) who was in the battle of Asinoourt, 
86th October, 14U, and the next year 
served the efflce of Sheriff for Hereford- 
shire, at whidi period he bore for his arms, 
or. on e crow so. a IsofMrd's face or., as since 
used, and has bem borne by Simon de 
Bmgge, one of the seme fiunily, when he 
was sheriff of this county, in 13791 Sir John 
was also sheriff of Gloucestershire, in the 
7th Henry V., and was returned to parli*> 
ment by that county, the following year. 
He left at his decease, an only daughter 
and heiress, 

Joenna, who m.. Sir John Bmkeville, of 
Erdisley, Herefordshire. 
Simon, of the Leye, in the county of Here- 
ford, left a numerous posterity, of whom 
the chief branch was still living at the We, 
when Gregory King made his visitation ot 
that county, in 1684. And hence descended 
Sir John Bridges, who waa Lord Mayor of 
London, ISth Henry VIII., whose daughter 
Whiifrede, «. first. Sir Richard SackviUe, 
by whom she wm mother of Thomas Sack- 
viUe, Lord Buckhunt, and Earl of Dorset, 
the celebrated poet Her ladyship espoused 
secondly, John Powlett, Marqueis of Win- 
chester. 
Sir Baldwin Brugge was*, by his eldest son, 

THOMAS BRUGGE, or BRUGES, who m. 
Alice, daughter end co-heiress of Sir Thomas 
Berkeley, of Coberley, in the county of Gkiuoester, 
by Elizabeth, sister and co-heiress of Sir John 
Chandos, (see that dignity.) and acquired the seat 
of Coberley, and other large estates, which de- 
scended down to Geoige Brydges, sixth Lord Chan- 
dos, whod. in 1654. By this great heiress, Thomas 
Bruges had issue, 

OTLB8, of whom presently. 
Edward, of Lone, in the county of Gloucester, 
who d. in 1436, leaving a daughter and 
heirsss, married to John Throgmorton, 
Esq., ancestor to the Throgmortons of Tot- 
worth, in the county of Gloucester. 
The dder son, 

SIR GYLES BRUGES, was seated at Coberley, 
in the county of Gloucester, and in the 7th Henry V.. 
(1419,) was amongst the persons of note, of that 
county, who h^d command to serve the king, in 

87 



BRY 



BRY 



penoo* for the Mcurity of the nelm* all thoae then 
requirad fo to do* batag rach, <a8 the wonb of the 
writ impcrtt) **•• did bear anieieDt engs* by det- 
oent* firom their encestork" In 1489, he waa iheriir 
of Glouoesterdilre, and again In 1453. In the next 
year, Sir Gyla Bruges and William Whittinton, were 
returned members of parliament for that shire. 
He m. Catherine, daughter of James Clillbrd, Esq., 
of FramptoB, in the oounty of Okmeester, and 
widow of Anselm Guise, Esq., of Elmore, by whom 
he had, 

Thom AS, his suooessor, 
CicUy, who m. first, Thomas Gates. Esq., and 
secondly, John WeQesbome, Esq. 
Sir Gyles d, in 1466, and was «. by his son, 

THOMAS BRUGES, Esq., at Cobarley, who 
was returned to parliament by the oounty of Glou- 
cester, In 1490, and by the county of Hereford, in 
147S. He m. Florence, daughter at William DareU, 
Esq., of LitUeoot, in Wilts (a family of great oon- 
sideratioo, one of whom intermarried with the 
royal Uood, and branched from those of Sesay, in 
Yorkshire, whose heireu carried titat estate to the 
Dawneys, now Viscounts Downe. Another branch 
of the Darells settled, temp. Henry IV., at Cale^ 
hill, in. Koit, and still continues there). By this 
lady, Thomas Bruges, had issue, 
GiLsa, his successor. 

Henry, of Newberry, in the county of Berks, 
whom. , daughter of John Hunger- 
ford, Esq., -and had a daughter, m. toGif- 
ford, of Itchel House, Hants a n d a son and 
heir. 

Sir Richard Bridobb, of Sheilbrd, 
Berks, and of LudgenhaU, Wilts, 
K.B. This gentleman m. Jane, daugh- 
ter of Sir William Spencer, of Worm- 
leighton, ancestor to the Duke of 
Ifarlborough, and had issue, 
Akthoity, of Great Sheflbrd, whose 
heiress, Eleana, carried that estate 
to Sir George Browne, a son of 
Viscount Montague, by whom 
she had no issue. 
Edmund, of Bradley, in the oounty 
of SomerseL 
Elisabeth, m. to William Cassey, Esq., and 

subsequently to Walter Rowdon, Esq. 
Elice, m. to Thomas Cldcheley, of WympuU, 

in the oounty of Cambridge. 
Eleanor, m. to Sir Thomas Pauncefoot, Knt. 
The eldest son, 

SIR GILES BRUGES, of Coberley, reoelTed the 

honour of knighthood, for his valour at the battle 

of Blackheath. S2nd June, 1497- He m. Isabel, 

daughter of Thomas Baynham, and had issue, 

John, of whom presently. 

Thomas, of Combury, in Oxfordshire, and 

Keinsham Abbey, in Somersetshire. Thb 

gentleman was sherlif of Gloucestershire, in 

the ard of Edward VI., and of Berkshire 

and Oxfordshire, in the 3rd and 4th of 

Philip and Mary. In the reign of Queen 

Mary, he was an officer of the' Tower, 

under his brother, Lor^ Chandos. He tL 

14th Norember, 1550, leaving Issue by Anne, 

88 



daui^ter and oo-helreis of John Sldenham, 
Esq., of Ordutfd, in the county of Somer- 
set,— 'Mary, m. to Rowland Arnold, Esq., 
of Higliam, in the county of Gloucester. 
Ellen, IN. to John Aahfleld, Esq., and a son 
and heir, 

HsKRT Brvdobs, Esq., of Keinsham, 
who m. Anne, daughter of John Hun- 
gerford, Esq., of Downe Ampney, in 
the county of Gloucester, and was «. 
by his son. 

Sir Thokab Brydobs, oi Kein- 
sham, whose son, 

THOMAa BRYDOxa, Esq., m. 

Philippa, daughter of Sir 

George Speke, K.B., and 

waa «. by his son. 

Sir Taojf as Brydoxb, of 

Keinsham, an eminent 

loyalist, who m. Anne, 

daughter and co-heiress 

of Sir Edward Rodney, 

of Stoke Rodney, in the 

county of Somnaet, by 

whom he had with other 

issue, 

1. Harry BRYDOxa, 
Esq., who inhe- 
rited the estates, 
and m. Lady Diana 
Holies, daughter 
of John, seocmd 
Earl of Clare, by 
whom he had a 
dau^ter, Arabelle, 
m. to John Mlt- 
chdU, Esq., of 
Kingston Russel, In 
the county of Dor- 
set. Mr. Brydges 
m. secondly. Miss 
Freeman, and had 
two more daugh- 
ters ; upon his de- 
cease, his estates 
devolved, by an 
entail, upon his 
nephew, 

Gborob Roditbv 
Brydors. 

a. GROROX-RODIfXV 

Brydorr, of Aving- 
tnn, Hants, m. Lady 
Anne Maria Brude- 
nell, daughter of 
Robert, second Earl 
of Cardigan, and 
widow of Francis 
Talbot, eleventh 
Earl of Shrewsbury, 
who was killed in a 
duel by George, 
Duke of Bucking- 
ham, upon her ac- 
count, by whom he 
had a son. 



BRY 



BRY 



GSOBOB ROD- 
irxV BAT1MB8 

ot ATiiiftoiii 
wko InlMritad 
thft Mtatca 
tlM d*. 
of bk 
tmdiB, Hany 
Brydcet, at 
stated abofve. 
Ha waa M.P. 
for tha dty 
of Winchaa- 
t«r, tram 1714 
tol7ftl. This 
Candaman waa 
found drown- 
ed, in thecanal 
of Us gaidan, 
at AHngtoQ* 
In the 7Snd 
of his 
»; learing 
no isBoe, the 
greater part 
of Ma estates 
rarartad to 
the Cliandos 
branch of the 
flunily, ■ bat 
he derlaed a 
property at 
Alresford, In 
Hampahlre, 
Co Gtoorge 
Brydfss Rod- 
afker- 
Lord 
Rodnaya 
The ddar son and heir of Sir Giles Brogas, 

SIR JOHN BRUGES, was under age at his 
ftthar^ decease, and was in ward to King Henry 
VIII. Ha had an eerly ambition of military glory, 
and thoogh Teryyoong, attended the king in his 
aap a d i tlo n into France, 1519, when Teroucnne and 
Tommay ware taken. He was likewise at the battle 
of Spun, and ftxr his Tallant conduct in thoaeen- 
gUgfinenta reeelTed the honor of knighthood. In 
the 10th of Henry VIIL, Sir John ooronantad to 
the king with one hundred ercfaers under his 
idt an^ being one of the knighti of the 
Ui^s body, was in his train at Bnllolgn, at the in- 
tarriew at Sadingfleld with the French king, at- 
tended by three nrrants and one hone keeper, 
aeeording to the appointment then made. In 1487, 
he was constitatad oonstable of Suddey Castle, and 
In tha same year was, amongst those of the court, 
sanuDoned with the noWlity and Ushops to be pre- 
sent, on October Uth, at the chriatening of Prince 
Edward. In theyear 1544, he passed the seas with 
the king, and Ibr Us gallant behaviour at tha siege 
of BulMgn, was, on the surrender thereof, ap- 
poiated deputy governor of the town t inwhldipoat 
ha waa oontlnued by King Edward VI. He had also, 
in the first year of the reign of that king, a grant of 
dlvois nanocs in consldaratlon of his services, fn 



IMO, (3 Edward VL,) BulloIgM bai^ bestigad by 
the Frandi, he had the command of the place as 
dapaty governor, and aucoaiBAally deftaded it 
agaiast tha Prsndi klag In person, and an army 
fluahad with the oonqueat of Newhavcn, and other 
plaeaa. On the death of Edward VL, Sir John 
Bruges waited upon Quean Mary, assirlail her against 
those who had umrped the govemmenti and upon 
her mi4esty*s sntranca Into Loudon to the Tower, 
waa one of the principal persona in her train i for 
wUch sarvloas he was than appointed governor of 
the Tower, end had a grant, at the aame time^ of 
the eaatle and numor of SonaLav, In Gloucester- 
shira He was subsequsnay, Sunday, 8th April, 
1064, elevated to the peerage In thedignity of Bauon 
CBAiTDoa, of Suddey, to him and the hein mala 
of Us body, '* in consideration not <mly of his 
nobility and toyalty, but of Us probity, vakmr, and 
other virtues." Four days efterwards he attended 
Lady Jane Grey to the scaflbld, and that unluqipy 
hidy p tewn ted him, (as related by some^) In testi* 
mony of his dvilities to her, with bar prayer booki 
but, according to others. It was atable book, with 
■ome Grsak and Latin venes which the wrote in it, 
upon Ub knrdsUp's bagging her to write something 
that he might retain as a memorial of her. His laat 
will bears date, Id March, In the Sd nd aid of Philip 
and Mary, and he A 4th Marqh foUowbig, (lUB,) 
an adherent to the old religion. His lordriiip m. 
EUaabath, daughter of Edmund, Lord Grey de Wil- 
ton, sister to the gallant soldier, William, Locd 
Grey de Wilton, and aunt to Arthur, Lord Grey de 
Wilton, the cdebrated lord deputy of Irdand. By 
this lady he had seven sons and three daughters, of 
the latter, Catherine, m. Edward Sutton, Lord, Dud- 
ley t Elisabeth, m. John Tracy, Esq., of Todington, 
In the county of Gloucester, and Mary wedded 
George Throgmorton, Esq., ion of Sir George 
Throgmorton, of Cougbton, in the county of War- 
wick— of the sons, 

EnxuKD, inherited the title. 
Charles, who waa of Wilton Caatle, near Roes, 
in Herefbrdshire, became cup-bearer to King 
PUUp, and was deputy lieutenant of the 
Tower to his firthsr, John, Lord Chandos, 
when the warrant came Ibr executing the 
/ Princess Elisabeth, wUch he refttMd to 

obey, until be should receive orders tram the 
Ung and queen, and thereby was the meens 
of Mving her life; for the order being dis- 
owned at court a stop was put to the execu- 
tion. Mr. Brydges lived to an advanced age, 
and waa sheriff of Herefordshire, in the 39d 
of EUaabath. He m. Jane, daughter of Sir 
Edward Came, of Wenny, in the county of 
Glamorgan, Knt., and dying in 1619, waa «. 
by his eldest ion, 

GihMB Bbtdosb, Eaq., of Wilton Castle, 
who was created a baronet, 17th May, 
1087. Sir Giles m. Mary, daughter of 
Sir Jemes Scudamore* and was «. by his 
eldest son. 

Sir John Bavsoaa, lecond baro- 
net, who m. Mary, only daughter, 
and hdr of James Pearle. Esq., of 
Dewsal and Anconbury. in the 
N » 



BRY 



BRY 



couftty of Henfard, nd dying In 1 
1651* WM #. by hU only ion* ' 

Sib Jambs Betdobs* tiiird 
bnroBCC* of whom ItennflQf ■ 
m BioHTH Lomn Cuajoxm. 
Anthony* m. Catherine, dnughter of Henry 
Fortcecue, Esq.* of Faulkboun Hall, In 
Ewex, of whoie dewendants hereafUr, as 
daimants of the Barony of Chandoe. 
Lord Chandoe «ae «. by his eidest son, 

EDMUND BRUGES, leoond .baron, who, infltt- 
enoed by the aame deiire of martial glory as his 
fsther, adopted early the profeMlnn of arms, and 
served under the Earl of Hertlbrd, in the reign of 
King Hemry VIIL, and in 1547> behaving himself 
with great bravery in the fkmout battle <rf Muslebo- 
rough, he was made a knl^t bsnneret by the Duke 
of Someraet, in the camp of lUntbonnigh. In the 
lelgn of Queen BHsaheth he was elected a knight 
companion of the most noble order of the Garter, 
and Imtalled at Windsor, 17th June. 1A7S. His lord- 
ship IN. Dorothy, Afth daughter, and eventually oo- 
heir of Edmund, Lord Bmy, and dying llih Sept., 
1573* was«. by his dder son, 

GILES BRUGES, third heron, who, in the Ufo- 
time of his fiuher. repreiented the oounty of 
Gloocerter in perliamenL His lordship m. Lady 
Frsnoes Clinton, daughter of Edward, first Earl of 
Lincoln, admiral of England, by whom he had two 
daiH^hters, EUaabeth, who m. Sir John Kennedy, of 
Scotland, end Catherine, m, to Prances, Lord Rus- 
sell, of Thomhaugh, afterwards Earl of Bedfbrd. 
Thoee ladies were his heiie. His kwdriiip d. Slst 
February, IfiOSM, and was«. in the peerage by hie 
brother, 

WILLIAM BRUGES, «Mirth beron, who m. 
Mary, daughter of Sir Owen Hoplon, lieutenant of 
the Tower, and dying in 1608, was «. by his dder 



GREY BRUGES, fifth benm, K.B. Thisnoblo- 
man, fVom the magnlfloence of his style of living at 
his mansion, in Oloucsstenhirs, and the splendour 
of his retinue when he came to court, acquired the 
title of Kino or CorewouLO. He had an amiple 
fortune, which he enpended in the moit generous 
and liberal manner. His houie was open three days 
in the week to the gentry, end the poor were ftd as 
constantly from the remnants of his entertainments 
On the 8th November, 16l7t Lord Chandoe was 
appointed to receive and introduce the Muscovite am- 
baseadon, who had brought rich and costly prese nts 
from their meeter to the king. His lordship m. Lady 
Anne Stanley, daughter and co-heir of Fernando, 
Earl of Derby, and dying 10th August, 1881, was «. 
by his elder eon, 

GEORGE BRUGES, sixth baron. This noble- 
man, who was but a year old at the deoeate ot his 
tether, became at the breaking out of the civil wan, 
in 1641, a stout iupportsr of the royal cause. At 
the battle of Newbory his kxdship had three hones 
killed under him, whidi so tu from damping his 
ardour, routed Ids valour to a higher pitch, fbr 
mounting a fourth charger, he renewe d the attack. 
and was mainly instrumental in breaking the ene- 
my's cavalry* In coniideration of his splendid con- 
duct in this utkm$ Lord Chandos had enoflbr from 



the king to be created JBorl qf Nsce&erry, but he 
modestly declined, until it ihould plesse God to re- 
store his miOMty to the crown, an event which he 
did not survive to lee : but, on the contrary, many 
■evere mortiflcationi and suflbrlnge, and mudi men- 
tal adversity, es weU es worldly o pp ret sl on. When 
the parliamentarians triumphed, his lordship, be> 
sides having suflnsred imprisonment, paid at one 
time jCa073 10s., end what was left him he gene* 
rously bestowed in relieving the ^stressed clergy, 
end those who had suflbred by the wan. Speaking 
of the surrender of Sudely Castle, Lord Clarendon 
says.--'* Waller proeecuting his mardi towards 
Worcester, where his miO«*^ then was, persuaded, 
rather than ftnroed, the gerrison of Sudeley Cestle, 
the strong house of Lord Chandols, to deliver up 
that place to him. The lord of that castle was a 
young man of spirit and courage; and had for two 
yean served the king very bnvdy at the head of a 
regiment of horse, which himsdf had raised at his 
own chaigei but had lately, out of pure weeriness 
of the fotigue, end having spent moetof his money, 
end without any diminution of his allbction, left 
the king, under pretenoeof travel i but making Lon- 
don in his wey, he gave himself up to the pleesures 
of that placet which he enloyed, without consider- 
ing the issue of the war, or shewing any inclination 
to the parliament i nor did he in any degree contri- 
bute & the ddl very of his house} whidi was at first 
imagined, because it was so ill, or not at all, de> 
fended. It was under the government of Sir Wil- 
liam Morton,, a gentleman of the long robe i (who, 
in the beginning of the wer, cast off his gown, as 
many other gallant men of that profession of the 
law did, and served as lieutenant-cokmel in the 
regiment of horse, under the Lord Chendois t end 
hadglvensoflnequent'testimony of signal courage, 
in several actions, in which he had received many 
wounds, both by the plstid end the sword, that hie 
mettle was never ensp«eled, and his fiddity as UtUe 
questioned I end after many yeanf Imprisonment, 
sustained with grsat firmness and constancy, he 
lived to receive the reward of his merit, alter the 
return of the king t who made him fint, a sssjeent 
at law, and afterwerds a Judge of the klng^ besicht 
where he eat many yeen, end discharged the oflloe 
with mudi gnvity end leeming t end was tsrrible 
to those who chose to live by robbing on the liigik> 
way.) He was unfortunate^ though without foolt* 
in the giving up that ceeUe in so unseeeonabie n 
oonlunotures whidi was done by -the foction and 
artlflce of an olBoer within, irtio had found mesne 
to go out to Waller, and to acquaint him with the 
great wants of the garrison t which, indeed, had not 
plsnty of anything : and so, by the mutiny of the 
soldiers, it was given up, and the governor made 
prisoner, end sent to the Tower, where he remeined 
some yeen altar the end of the war." 

In the year, 16B8, Lord Chandos had a dllfcsenoe 
with Colonel Henry Comtpton, grendson of Henry, 
Lord- Gompton, about a lady he leoonnnended to 
the colonel, whoee person and fortune were bdow 
fow matfhes in the kingdom! which unhappily 
ended in a duel at Putney Heath, on the 18th May, 
when Cokmel Compton folL His lordship and his 
ieoond* Lord Aiundel* of Wardour, having 



BBY 



BEY 



mora thn a yaMr, wcm at 
nigaed in tte upper InhcIi, 17tb May* 14M» and 
fbuad guilty of maasiaii^itar. He d. in the Fe- 
brany of tbe foOoviBg year of the amaU-pozt and 
mafaoriedatSitdaley. His lotdaliip in. lh«t» Suaan. 
daii^tar of Henry* Earl of Mancliwt<r« and had 
t«D danghtan. Mary, m. to WUUam Bnnmloir> 
Bh|.» of Huttby. in the eounty of Umeikk* and 
Bllaaheth wedded fizat> to Edward, Lord Harbert, 
of CSMabury, aeoondly* to William, Eail of Inclii- 
qnin, and thirdly, to Chariea, Lord Howard, of 
Etciick. Lord Chaadoa eipoiucd aeoondly, Jan^ 
^lnffg!T— ^ of John SaTagOb Earl Rirera, by whom he 
had with two other davghten that tf. unmarried, 
Lucy, M. to Adam Loftus, Viaooant Lisbum, In 
Hia lotdahip dying thua, without male 
the mi^ pert of hia fortune peaaed under 
to Jane, hia laat wiC^ who aftcrwaida ■». 
Caorga Pitt, Eai^, of Strathfleldaay, anoaatov of the 
IMumit Lord Riven, end oooTeyed to that gentlo- 
naan Sndeley Caat1e» end other lands of great ▼alueu 
Tian p ei Mage derolTsd upon Ua kMrdaUp^a brother, 

WILLIAM BRUGES, seventh beron, who m. 
Sosen, danghler and co-heir of Oerrot KelxOk of 
LoeidOD, merdnnt, but having no male iaauet the 
title devolved at hte daraasei in 107B, upon hia kiaa- 
(xcAr to Charles, second son of John, first 



SIR JAMES BRYDOSS, Bart, of WUton Ca*. 
tiew m ei^ith Baron Chandoa. Tbla noble was 
anTr****^ ambassador to Constantinople, in 1080, 
wlsere he redded for some years In great honor and 
Hia lordaUp m. Eliaabeth, sldest daughter, 
co-heir of Sir Henry Bernard, Knt., an eminent 
TurlEey merchent. By this lady he had no less than 
twenty-two children, of wUdi number fliteeo only 
were chri s t e ned, and seven of thoae dying young, 
the remsdnder were, 

jAiufl, ids successor. 

Henry, In holy ordeia, of Addlestrop, hi Olou- 
cestcnldra* archdeecon and prebendary of 
Rodwater, and rector of Agmondesham, 
Bucks. Mr. Brydges m. Annabdla, daugh- 
ter of Henry, and grand - daughter of Sir 
Robert Atkins, lord diief beron of the ex- 
chequer, by whom he had a large Csmily, 
Franda, raoalver general of the dutiea on malt, 

died«.jiw 
Mary, m. to Theophifaia Leigh, Esq., of Addlo- 

elrop,in the county of OktucesCer. 
EUaabeCh, m. first, to Alexander Jacob, Esq., 
aacondiy, to the Rev. Dr. Thomas Daw- 



Emma, at. to Edmund Chamberlain, Esq., of 

Bftow, in tbe county of Oloocestcr. 
Amie» Ml. to Charles Walcote, Esq., of Wal- 

coce, in the county of Salop. 

Cetfaerineb m. first, to Bvereton Bonrchier, 

-Eeq.* cMf Bemsley Court, in the county of 

OlosMester, and secondly, to Henry Perrot, 

Eeq., of North Leigh, tai the county of Ox- 

- vDrd. 

His idrdahip d. in 1714, and was «. by his eldest son, 
JAMES BRYDOES, ninth beron, who, upon the 
I of Klqg Oeorge L, was created, by letters 
t, dated UMh October, 1714. FlMomtf WUton, 



f: 






and EARt or CAnnitAmvoir, with • collateral re- 
meindertotheiesueaDBlaof hisfluhert and in the 
November following, a patent passed the gvset seal, 
granting to hia lordahip and his two sons, John and 
Henry, the reverrion of the ofllce of derk of the 
hanaper in chancery. In 1719, on the aoth April, 
his lordship was wtvsMed to the MmrqtdmH ^ 
Q ssi i ia i ssii, and Dinunon ov CnAirnoe, and he 
acquired by his megnificsnce the appeUatlon of the 
pHnesftf Chandoa. He espoused first, SSthPsteuary, 
lfiM-7» Mary, only surviving daughter of Sir Tho- 
maa Lake, of Cannons, in the county of Middleeex, 
by whom he had two surviving sons, 

Jonir, Marquess of rseinaiiiei, m. in 17M, 
Lady Catliarine Tahnache, daughter of 
Lloiiel, Earl of l>yaart, by whom he bed 



Catharine, ai. first, to Captain Lyon, of 
the horse gueida, and aeeondly, to 
Edwin Fvands Stanhope^ Esq., and, 
Jane, (a poathumoua child,) m. to James 
Brydges, Esq., of Pinner. Lord Caer- 
narvon d. 8th April, 1797. 
HnifRT, Marquesa of Caenarvon, after the 
de c ee s s of hia brother. 
His grace m. seooodly, Caseaadra, daughter of 
Frands WiUoughby, Esq., and sbter of Thomas 
Willoughby, Lord lliddletoni and thirdly, Lydia 
Catherine Van Hattm. widow of Sir Thomaa 
Davall, Knt, but had no issue by dther of these 
hulies. He tf. at his noble seat of Gannons,* 0th 
August, 1744, and was a. by his only surviving 



HENRY BRYDOES, second duke, who m., in 
I7S8, Mary, ddest daughter end co-heir ot Charles, 
Lord Bruce, only son and heir apparent of Thomas, 
Earl of Aylesbury, by whom he had iasue. 



• CAinroNaw— This most splendid palace stood on 
theroadleadtaigtoEdgewarek The fronts were all 
of fr e e stone, end the pillars of marble, eswen 
the steps of the great stair-oaae. Thegilding 
executed by the famous Pargotti, and the hall 
painted by Paducd. The apartmenta ware most 
exquisitely finished, and most rldily ftimislied. 
The gardens, avenues, and oflloes, were propor ti on- 
aUy grand. At night there was a constant watch 
kept, who walked the rounds and proclaimed the 
hours. The duke alao maintained a frill choir, and 
had divine service peiformed with the best music, 
in a chaprt that could hardly be exceeded in the 
beauty of its workmanship. But all Uiis terminated 
with his life; fbr on bis d e ce a s e this magnificent 
mansion was disposed of piecemeeL The stone 
obdlsks, with copper lamps, whldi fonned the ap- 
proach ttcm the Edgeware road, woe purchased for 
the Earl of TUney, for his new buUding at Wan- 
steed, in Essex, which has since experienced the 
Arte of Cannons t the marble staircase was bought 
by the Earl of Chesterflekl for his residence in May 
Fair. The ground and site whereon this megnifi- 
cent edifice stood became the prop er ly of an opulent 
tradesman, who built thereon a neat habiution 
which still remains, after having passed Into the 
hands of the well known Colonel O'Kelly of sport- 
ing celebrity. 



/V* 



I.. 



^/t^,l7 .". 



r-J 7^ 






BRY 



BRY 



Jambs, Marquan of Camianroo. 

C«iolhie* m. to John Leigh* Eaq.* of Addles- 
tiopi in the county of Glouoetter. 
Hia grace etpottied, lecondly* Anne Jeffreyt* and by 
her he had a daughter, Augvata>Anne, m. to Henry 
John Keemey, Eeq. The duke m., thfardly, in 1707* 
Elisabeth, leoond daughter and eo-helr of Sir John 
Major. Bart., of Worlingworth Hall, in the county 
of SufRalk, by whom he had no iaaue. He d. 88th 
November, 1771* end was #. by his aon, 

JAMES BRVDOES, third duke, b. 27th Decern- 
her, 1731. This nobleman, upon the acceaaion of 
hia majeaty. King Oeorge IIL, was appointed one of 
the loids <k his bed-chamber. In 177^, he waa sworn 
of the privy council, and waa afterwarda oonatituted 
lord-ateward of the houaehold. Hia grace m., SSnd 
May, 1703, Mary, daughter and sole heiress of John 
Nicol, Esq., of Southgate, Middlesex, by whom he 
acquired Minchenden House at Southgate, together 
with the whole fortune of his tether-in-law. By 
this lady, who d. in ITOS. he had no issue. The 
duke espoused, secondly, 21st June, 1777, Anne- 
Elisa, daughter of RichudGamon, Esq., and widow 
of Roger Hope Elletson, Esq., by whom he had one 
surviving daughter and heiress, 

Ajcms-Elica, who m., in 1796, Richard, Earl 
Temple, now Dukb or Buckimobam and 
Crandos. 
His grace d, without male issue 89th September, 
1780, when all his honours became ■zTiifcr, but 
the Barojcy of CHAjrooa, which was immediately 
claimed by the Rev. Edward TvMBwaLX. Brto- 
OBS, M.A., of Wootton Court, in Kent, as next 
heir male of the body of Sir John Brydges,«LoitD 
CHANDoa, the first grantee, who d. in 1567* The 
first hearing of thia crtebrated cause took place 
before the Committee of Privileges of the House of 
Lords 1st June, 1790 1 the second 21st Decem b er, in 
the same year i the Srd, 4th, 6th, 0th, and 7th, in 
17M; the 8th and 9th in 1796 i the 10th, Uth, 19th, 
and 13th, in 1808i thirteen other hearings in 1803; 
and at length, after a few more investigadons, it 
was determined, 17th June, 1803, upon a division, in 
which the nuOority of the lords who then voted, 
(being only twenty-two,) resolved that the evidence 
was not Buffldent. 

The claimant deduced his descent fhnn 
The Hon. 

ANTHONY BRUGES, or BRYDGES, third 
aon of John, first Lord Chandos, who m. Catherine, 
daughter of Henry Fortescue, Esq., of Faulkboum 
Hall, Essex, by whom he had issue, 

ROBBBT. 

Elisabeth, m. to Robert Brayne. 
Catherine, m. to Sir Jdbn Astley, Knt., of the 
palace at Maidstone, in Kent, Master of the 
Revels to King Charles I. 
The son, 

ROBERT BRYDGES, (as stated by the daun- 
ant,) resided at Maidstone, and died there in 1696, 
leaving a son, Edward, and a daughter, Anne, m. 
to William Best, of a good Kentish family. As 
Robert derived no inheritance from his father, he 
appears to have rdied for support on the wealth 
acquired by his sister's marriage, which it must be 
supposed drew him to fix his residence at Maid* 
92 



stone, where, both In the register, and in legal 
proceedinga, he haa the addition of Require afllxed 
to his name. His only son, 

EDWARD BRYDGES, married a small helresa 
connected with the maritime commerce of a neigh- 
bouring town, movii^ in a far infarior aphere to hia 
own anoeatora, which aeema to have highly ofltaided 
the arrogant pride of Lady Astley, if we may Judge 
by a aingular letter, which waa produced In evi- 
dcnce, and which waa decyphered by the present 
LordChief Justice of England, (then Mr. Abbott). 
This Edward Brydges left one surviving son, 

JOHN BRYDGES, 6. in 1634, who removed to 
Canterbury, where he died at the age of sixty-five, 
having retrieved the fortunes of his branch of the 
family. By his first wife, of the name of Ackman, 
he had no surviving issue; by his second wife, 
whose maiden name waa Young, he had four aona, 
John, Edward, Thomaa, and RoberL The three 
laat died without issue. The eideat son, 

JOHN BRYDGES, was 6. in 1080, and bred to 
the bar. He married in 1704, Jane, sole surviving 
daughter and heir of Edward Gibbon, Esq.,* of 
Westdiflb, near Dover, by Martha, daughter of Sir 
John Roberts, of Beaksboume, in Kent. With thia 
lady he acquired the seat and eatate of Wootton, 
and by her he had iasue, 

John, 1 who both retired to, and spent their 
Edward, ) lives at Wootton Court 
Deborah, m. to Edward Tirmewell, Esq., of 
Chegwell, in Essex. 
Mr. Brydges died of a fever, faa his thirty seomid 
year, in July, 1712, and was #. by his elder aon, 

JOHN BRYDGES, Esq., of Wootton Court, k 
in 1710, who spent his life in rural reHrement at 
Wootton Court, and dying in 1780, unmarried, waa 
e, by his brother* 

EDWARD BRYDGES, Esq., of Wootton Court, 
who had retired in early Ute with his brother, to 
e^Joy the tranquillity of a country lifie. He m. In 
1747, Jemima, daughter and co-heir of William 
Egerton, L.L.D.« prebendary of Canterbury, and 
his wife Anne, daughter of Sir Francis Head, Bart. 
(Dr. Egerton was grandson of John, second earl of 
Bridgewater.) By this lady he had, (with five 
daughten,) three sons, vis. 

Edward Ttmbwbll, b. in May, 17401 - 
Samuel Egeston, 6. 30th November, 17BM* 

created a Baronbt, 97th Decembae, 1814. 
John William Head, b. in 1704, M.P., m. In 
1812, Lady Isabella Anne Beresford, eldest 
daughter of George, first Marquess of Water- 
ford, by whom he has one son, and two 
daughters. 
Mr. Brydges d. a few mootha after his brother, and 
waa «. by hia dder aon. 
The Reverend 

EDWARD TYMEWELL BRYDGES, the un- 
aucceasftil dabnant Ibr the Barony or CBAWDoe, 
This Rev. gentleman, m. In 1786, Caroline, dao^ter 
ot Richard Fairfield, Esq., of 



e This Edward Gibbon was dder brother oi 
Matthew Gibbon, great grandlliithar of Edward 
Gibbon the hiatorian. 



BBY 



BUL 



died In Otbobtr 1807. wHhout lorTiTteg kmu*. He 
WM «. by his next brother, 

SIR SAMUEL EGERTON BRYDGES, Bart., 
of Wootton Court, who mrintetnt his Tl|^t, not- 
wtthsCsDdiqg the deddoasgaiiist his brother, to the 
Baboitt or CBAjffDoa.* 



• Uavixig thus detailed the «« Crakdos Pbkb- 
AOB," the cfadm to the revival of which occupied 
the House of Lords no less than thirtesn years, we 
shall briefly state a drcumstanoe to which the 
flricnds of the claimant attributed in lome measure 
his discomflture. Just at the dose of the investiga- 
tion, Mr. Brydges, in a moment of impatisnce, ill 
adviafcd« and with a sort of indiscretion, not easily 
defended, printed and sent round to the lords a 
circular letter,! requesting their attendance in a 
tone which was construed to be either a reproach or 
a canvass. In itself, the letter was the most in- 
oAnsi ve and harmless of addrenes, but the question 
was now approaching rto a oondusion ; and it was 
known that it would come to a vote i the opposition 
therelSore maimhalling their forces, with great 
A noble duke, (Norfolk,) moved that 
the letter was a breach of privilege; and stormy 
debates with cl oie d doors ensued, after wUch the 
bortile resolution against the daim was carried. 
The didmant sunk under the blow, but lingered for 
four years, when he died issueless: his widow sur- 
vived till 1884. The opposition to the claim was 
sustained, by en endeavour to rebut the claimant's 
documents by counter evidence; by disputing the 
identity of the Maidstone branch of the House of 
Bruges or Brydges altogether, and by a project of a 
counter descent. And this notwithstanding, the 
evidence of reputation was dedrivdy established by 
the testimony of Lady Caroline Leigh, sister of the 
late Duke ot Chandos, of bis first cousin. Lady 
Catherine Stanhope, of the claimant's brother, and 
of the Rer. George Lefroy ; while the regular armo- 
rial adiievements, with the due mark of the ^ird 
branch, as bonie by the claimant's ancestors, (which 
were luckily still in existence,) were othiUted to the 
personal inspection of the committee. 



t Copy of acircular letter from the Claimant to the 
Barany of Chandos, (printed in the Lords' JoumaL) 

Wigmore Street, 90th May, 180a 
<• My Lord, 
'• I hare the honour of apprising your lordship, 
tiiat Thnnday next, the 98th instant, is appointed 
for the final discussion of the committee of privi- 
leges upon my cfaiim to the Chandos Peerage: and 
I bsve been compelled to take this liberty, that 
your lordship might not by any accidental omission 
of notice, be deprived of an opportunity of dedding 
upon a matter, not important merdy to myself, but 
to the rights of your lordship's house of parliament, 
and to tbeiust p ietog a tive of the crown. I am not 
piesomhig to solldt any fisTour or partiality from 
your lordship. I addreM myidf to your justice. I 
sak but fdr your hndship's candid consideration of 
the evidcDoe which is recorded in your proceedings, 
and will survive for the tnfannatioB of po ate t l t y . 



BULKELEY — BARON BULKELEY 
OF BEAUMARI8, IN THE 
ISLE OF WIGHT. 

By Letters Patent, 14th May, 1784. 

Xliuagc. 

The ancient Ikmily of Bulkeley deecended ftom, 
ROBERT BULKELEY, Lord of the Manor of 

Bulkdey, in the county of Cheiter, temp. King 

John, whose son and successor, 
WILLIAM BULKELEY, q^ BmOMe^, had five 



RoBBRT, his succeisor. 

WUlcock, of Petty Hall, hi the county of 

Chester, m. Mary, daughter of Hu^ Vena. 

Ues, Baron of Kindenton, and had an only 

son, 

WII.1.COCK. 

Roger, of Orton Madock, Chedilre. 

Ralph, of Rudal Hall, in the same county, 

died*. ^ 
David, from whom the Bulkdey's of Bic^erton, 
in Cheshire, descended. 
Mr. Bulkeley was «. by hii eldest son, 

ROBERT BULKELEY, qf Butteley, whose son 
and succeisor, 

WILLIAM BULKELEY, livtaig at Bulkdey, in 
the year 1909, m. first, Maud, daughter of Sir J<dm 
Davenport, Knt., and had issue, 

YifiLhiAMt of Bulkeley, whoee line terminated 
with his grand-daughter, Alice Bulkdey, 
the wife of Thomas HoUbrd, of HoUbrd, in 
the county of Chester. 
Robert, of whom preMntly. 
Roger, of Norbury, in Cheshire, whence Us 
descendants derived the surname of «* Nw- 
bury." 
Thomas, m. Alice, daughter and co^hdr of 
Matthew Alprahum, Esq., of Alprahum, by 
whom he acquired that aeat, and eettlsd 
there. He left an only daughter and hdress 
Helen, who m. Sir Thomas Arden, of Aid- 
ford, in the county of Chester. 
Mr. Bulkeley m. secondly, Alice, daughter of Bryan 
St. Pierre, and had one son, 

Richard, to whom he gave the Manor of 
Prestland, in Cheshire, whence he assumed 
thesumame of Prestland, whidi his descend- 
ants continued to bear. 
Mr. Bulkdey's second son, 

ROBERT BULKELEY, Esq., became seated at 
Eatoh, in Cheshire, and was sheriff of that county 
in 1S41. He m. Isabd, daughter of Philip Egcrton, 
Eiq., of BCalpas, in the same shire, and had a 



when all the insinuations and pr^udioes that I have 
had to contend with, shall be utterly fbigotten. It 
is upon the truth of that evidence, my lord, that I 
am anxious to rest my pretensions to character and 
the unsullied honour of my ftmily. 

** I have the honour to be, Sec &c. 

'* Edwabo Tymswbll BnysosB." 

03 



BUL 



BUL 



daughter, Cecily, m. to Thcnnas WflftTtr, Eiq.* and 
two Mm** Robert and Richard. The elder, 

RoBSRT, tuceeeded at Eaton, and Mrved the 

office of iheriff of Cheshire, anno 1341, hit 

ftither being then alive, and wae «. by his 

elder MiQ, 

JoHJff, living temp. Richard IL, who was 

father of. 

Sin William Bulkblby, Knt., of 
Eaton, Chief Justice of Chester 
in the reign of Henry IV., who 
m. Margaret, daughter of Sir 
Richard Molyneux, of Sefton, and 
grand-daughter nuitemally, of 
Thomas, Earl of Derby, and luui 
with other children, 

Thomas, his successor, at Eaton. 

Ralph, m. , daughter and 

heir of Vernon, of White- 
croft, Cheshire, and ParwiclL, 
in the county of Derby, by 
whom heacquirad those lands, 
and firom this union a nume- 
rous posterity deuended. 
Tbom AS Bulkblby, the elder 
son, «. at Eaton, m. Jane, 
daughter of Sir Oeoflfrey 
Warburton, and had issue, 
Thomas, whose son, Tho- 
mas, died «. p. 
Robert, whose son, Wil- 
liam, died «. p. 
William, whose two sons, 
Robert and Ridiard, 
dled«. p. 
Joan, m. to Roger Pules- 
ton, Esq., of KumbralL 
Elisabeth, m. to John Pit>- 
btsher, Esq., of Chirke, 
Flinuhire. 
RICHARD BULKELEY, the second son, m. in 
1307, Agnes, daughter and co-heiress of Roger 
Cheadle, Esq., of Cheadle, in the county of Chester, 
and was «. by his son, 

RICHARD BULKELEY, Esq., of Cheadle, who. 
In the reign of Henry VI., being constable of Beau- 
marls, prevented the Duke of York ftom landing 
there, in his return fhnn Ireland. He m, Ellen, 
daughter of Guilliam ap Griffith. Esq., of Pentrie, 
and was «. by his eldest son, 

ROWLAND BULKELEY, Esq., of Beaumaris, 
who m. Alice, daughter and hrtress of William 
Beoonsal. Esq., of Beoonaal, in the county of Lan- 
caster, by whom he had Ave sons and two daughters. 
He was «. at his d ec ea se, by his eldest son, 

SIR RICHARD BULKELEY, Knt., chamber- 
lain of North Wales, In lfiS4, who was «. by his son, 
SIR RICHARD BULKELEY, M.P. for the 
county of Anglesey, In the reigns of Queens Mary 
tttd Elisabeth, m. first, Margaret, daughter of Sir 
John Savage, of Rock Savage, in the county of 
Chester, by whom be had issue, Ricbabo, his 
snccassor, with five other sons and five daughters. 
He m. secondly, Anne, daughter of Thomas Need- 
ham. Esq., of Shenton, and had eight sons and two 
daufh teie ■ o f whom 
M 



La un ceiot was foniecrattid Aidibishop of 
Dublin, in 1619, and sworn of the privy 
coundL His grace m. Alice,* daughter of 
Rowland Bulkeley Esq., ot Beaumaris, by 
whom he had two sooe and two daughters; 
the dder, Ricbabd, was created a baronet* 
in 187S, and dying in 1685, was #. by his 
son. 
Sib Richabd, aecond baionet, at whose 
decease, «. p.. In 1710, the title ceased. 
Sir Richard Bulkeley, was «. by his eldest son, 

SIR RICHARD BULKELEY, Knt., of Beau- 
maris, who m. first, Catherine, daughter of Sir 
William Davenport, of Broomhall, in the county 
of Chester, by whom she had a son and daughtert 
and secondly, Mary, daughter of William, Lord 
Borough, of Gainsborough* In the county of Ltai- 
eoln, and had, 

Richard. (Sir) 

Thomas, of whom presently. 

Eleanor, m. to Sir Thomas Porter. 

Margaret, m. to George Shdlet, Esq., of Heath* 

In the county of York. 
Penelope, m. in 1614, to Sir Edwyn Sandys, 
of Worsburgh, son and heir of Sir Samuel 
Sandys, of Ombersley, in the county of 
Worcester, whose deaeendant was created. 
Lord Sandys, of Ombersley. 
THOMAS BULKELEY, Esq., the younger son, 
was seate d at Baroo-HiU, near Beaumaris, and es- 
pousing, aeakmsly, the cause of King Charles I., 
was created by that monardi, by patent, under the 
privy seal, dated at Oxford, 6th January, 1643. 
ViacovNT Bulkblby, or Cabhbl, in the peerage 
of Ireland. His lordship m. first, Blanch, daughter 
of Robert Coytmore, Esq., of Coytmore, In the 
county of Caernarvon, by whom he had issue, 

Richard, treacherously killed by Richard 
Cheadle, for which that person was executed 
at Conway. 
RoBBBT, sttoeeasor to his fiither. 
Thomas, of Dlnas, in the county of Caer- 
narvon, IN. Jane, daughter and co-heiress of 
Griffith Jones, Eaq., of Castlemarch. 
Henry, master of the household to King 
Charles IL, and James IL, m. Lady Sophia 
Stewart. 
Edwin, d. unm. 
Catherine* m. to Ricfaafd Wood, Esq., of Roa- 

moie. 
Lumley, m. to Piers Lloyd, Esq., of Uiyway. 
Mary, m. to Sir Roger Mostyn, Baron of Moa- 

tyn, in the county of Flint (his Snd wife). 
Penelope. 

* The commisrionen of government having pub* 
Ushed an order to prevent the killing of lambs, 
owing to the great decay and scarcity of sheep, upon 
the penalty of lOff. for each lamb, to bepaldaswell 
by the kiUer aa the eater, she peationed Ibr 
to eathunb, by reason of her great age, and 
ness of body t in oonaidention of which, her peti- 
tion was granted, and she had a lioanse^ 17th March, 
1698, to kill and dress so much as should be neces- 
sary Ibr her own use and eating, not exceedlBg 
three lambs ia the whole of that year. 



BUIi 



BUL 



The visooiiiit, who m. MeaiMUy, MIm Chfladteb 
daughtar of Mr. Cheadlef tome time Us lord«hip*s 
atewmrdt wee «. at hie deceeie, by Uc eldeit lurTiT- 
ingion, 

ROBERT BULKELEY. eecoad Vieooant, mem- 
ber tbr the county of AngleMy, of the perUement 
which rertoRd Kfaig Charki II. Hit JanUiip m. 
Saxah* dau^tar of DanM Hervey, Eaq. ef Coarabe* 
in theooimty of Surrey, and had ianie^ 

RrcBAAD, hie eucoeMor. 

Jamca* L.LkD., M.P. for Beaunaria. 

Thomee, M.P. for the county of Caecnarvon. 

Elisabeth, m. to John Griflbth, Eaq., of Olyn, 
in the county of Caemanron. 

Gathoine, m. to the Rer. PhiUp Atkinson, 
IXD. 



Lumley. 

Martba, m. to Roger Priee, Eeq., of Rhinlaa. 

Kiesnor, «. to Sir WiUiam Smith, BarL, of 
VfaihalL 
ThcTiaoonnt d, Uth October, 1688^ and was «. by 
hisddeetson, 

RICHARD BULKELEY, third Viscount, M.P. 
for the eounty of Anglesey. This nobienum m. 
first, Mary, eldest daughter of Sir Philip Egcrton, 
Knt., of Egetton and OuUon, in the county of 
Cheater, by whom he had a son, 

RSCBABD. 

His lordship m. secondly, Elisabeth, daughter of 
Henry White, Esq., of Hawtlalin, in the county of 
Pembiokeb but had no inue. HetL, Qth August, 
170^ and wae «. by his son, 

RICHARD BULKELEY, fourth Viscount, M.P. 
for the county of Anglesey, which honour, together 
with the oonstableship of Beaumaris Castle, and 
chsmberlainsfaip of North Wales, had been almoet 
uttinteKruptedly in this Hunily, from the reign of 
Elixebeth. His lordship m. Lady Bridget Bertie, 
eldest daughter of James, ftnt Earl of AUngdon, 
and had 



Ridiard. 1 

. }■ successive Viscounts. 



Eleanor-Mary, m. to George Hervey, Esq., of 
Tiddington, in the county of Oxford. 

Amae, a*, to the Rev. William Bertie, D.D., 
brother of Willoughby, third Earl of Abtaig- 



Elisabeth, m. to WlUlam Price, of Eulace, Esq. 
His lordship d. on the 4th Junei, 17M, and was «. 
by his elder son, 

RICHARD BULKELEY, fifth Viscount, at 
whose de c ea s e , «. p., 16th Mandi, 1738, the vis- 
eonnty devtdved upon his brother, 

JAMES BULKELEY, sixth Viscount, constable 
of the restle ot Beaumsris, and chamberlain of 
North Wales. His lordship in., iSth August, 1740, 
Emma, only daughter and heiress of Thomas Row- 
IsBid, Esq., of Carew, in the idand of Anglesey, 
and dying AM April, 17iB, was «. by his only sur- 
viving child, 

THOMASJAMES BULKELEY, seventh Vis- 
count, who wae created a pear of Gxeat Britain, on 
the lldi May, 1784, as Babov Buucblbv, or 
BsAiTMABJa. His lordship m. 2eth April, 1777t 
Bliaabetb>Haiiiet» only daughter and hetrOM of Sir 



Gcoige Warren, K.B., <upoB which oecasion, he 
eesumed the surname of Warren, before that of 
Bulkeley,) but had no lisue. He d. In 18tt, when 
all his honours became axTiifCT. 

AnMedx-ea, a cherv. betw. three buU*e head as. 
armed or. 

BULMER— BARON BULAIER. 

By Writ of Summons, dated^th February, 1348. 

Xiiuagc. 

In the reign of King Henry I. 

ASCHITEL DE BULEMER, gave twelve ok« 
gangs of land lying in Bnunham, to the canons of 
Nostell, and wae «. by 

BERTRAM DE BULEMER, sheriff of York- 
shire in the times of King Stephen, and Henry II.. 
and founder of the priory of Barton, in that county. 
To this Bertnun «. 

STEPHEN DE BULEMER, who, upon the aid 
being levied in the 19th Henry II., towards the mar- 
riage portion of that monarch's daughter, certified 
his knights fees to amount to the number of five, 
d0 vetariJbqffumnUo ; and one-and-a-half, and fourth 
part, de lunoi tor which, in two years afterwards, 
he paid six marks and a haU: Stephen de Bulemer 
was r. by his son, 

THOMAS DE BULEMER, who, in the 18th 
Henry IL, paid a hundred shilUngs scutage for not 
joining the expedition then made into Irelend. He 
was 9, by his son, 

ROBERT DE BULEMER, who was r. by his son, 

BERTRAM DE BULEMER. This Unidal kird 
left an only daughter and heiress, 

Elmme, who m. OeAey de Nevlll, and conveyed 

to the Neville the Lordship of Brenqpeth, in 

the county of Duriuun, which had previously 

been the family seat of the Bukmers. 

The male line of the original feudal house thna 

failing, the next of the name met with is, 

JOHN DE BULEMER, who, hi the fi3d Henry 
III., m. Theophania, one of the three daughten, 
and co-helr«Mof Hugh de Morewyke,of Morewyke, 
in the county of Northumberland, whose son and 
heir, 

RALPH DE BULMER, obtained a spedal chap- 
ter from the crown, in the 4th Edward II., enabling 
him to hold his park at Ricebeig, end keep dogs to 
himt therein, and to have free warrsn in all his 
demesne lands. In the 8th of the same monarch, 
we find this Ralph doing homsge, and haviog livery 
of the estates which descended to him upon the de> 
oeese of his mother: in the next year he was in the 
wars of Scodand, and egein, in two years after* 
wards. In the 90th Edward II., he was made de- 
puty-governor of the castle of York, to WUUam de 
Ros, of Hamlake^ and upon the accession of King 
Edward III. was summoned to parliament as a ba» 
Bov. In four years afterwards he had special lioensft 
to make a castle of his manor-house of Milton, In 
the county of York, being the same year consti- 
tuted sheriff of Yorkshire, and governor of the casUe 
at York. His knrdship participated egain <the 8th 
Edward IIL) in the wars of Scotland. He d. hi 
I3S7, and wee #. by his son, then in his sixteenth year. 

RALPH BULMERj who was placed under the 

8Q 



BUR 



BUR 



fturdianafaip of the king's daught«r, Iiabel, uul by 
lier Mtlgned to Ralph de NevilL He had livery 
of hit laadst upon attaining maturity, in the 
S6th Edward III., after which, 40th Edward IIL, he 
had licenie, together with WilUam» a younger ion 
of Ralph, Lord Nerill, of Raby, to travd into 
foreign parts, and he appears to have d. at the close 
of that year} leaving a son and heir, then but a 
year old. 

RALPH BULMER, «< whose descent,'* (says 
Dugdale,) " I shall not trace down farther, ir re- 
gard that none of this family, after the before 
specified Ralph, who was summoned to parliament 
from the first till 83d Edward IIL, were barons of 
the realm." The male line of this branch of Bul- 
mers continued, however, to the time of Philip and 
Mary, when it terminated with Sir Richard Buhner, 
KnL 

Auca.— Gu. a lion rampant, salient erminois. 

BUROH_£ARL OF KENT. 

By Charter (rf Creation, 1 1th February, 1298. 

Xincagc. 

The great and powerful family of Buhoh, (at the 
head of which now stands the noble house of Clan- 
ricarde,) deduced its lineage from, 

CHARLES, DUKE OF INOEHEIM, fifth son 
of the Emperor Charlemaign, whose grandson, 

GODFREY, a distinguished soldier of the cross, 
was father of 

BALDWIN, whose son, 

BALDWIN, the second, was founder of the bouse 
of Bloib, in France, and progenitor of the noble 
flamiUes of Burgh (Burlie), and Vesey, in Irdand, 
thiough hii son, 

JOHN, EARL OF COMYN, and Baron of 
Tonsburgh, in Normandy, who being general of the 
king's fmroes, and governor of his chief towns, ob- 
tained the surname «* Dx^irnoR." This nobleman 
had issue, 

Harlowxk, of whom presently. 
Eustace, Baron ci Tonsburgh. 
MiUicent, m. to Fulk, Earl of Anjou, who «. 
as King of Jerusalem, in 1131. 
The eldest son, 

HARLOWEN DE BURGH, espoused ArlotU, 
mother of WiUiam the Conqueror, and dying before 
his father, left issue, 

Odo, Bishop of Bayeux, created Earl of Kent, 
(see Odo, Earl of Kent), and, 

ROBERT, EARL OF MORETON, in Nor- 
mandy, who peartldpating with his brother, the 
Bishop of Bayeux, in the triumph of Hastings, was 
rewarded by his victorious kinsman, Duke William, 
wHh the EA&I.DOM or Cobnwai.l, (anno 1068,) 
and grants of not less than seven hundred and 
ninety-three manors. This nobleman in. Maud, 
daughter of Roger de Montgomery, Earl of Shrews- 
bery, and had issue, 

William, his successor, 
and three daughters, one tk whom m. Andrew de 
Yetrel, another, Guy de Val, and the youngest, the 
Earl of Thoulouae, brother of Raymond. Count of 
St. Giles, who behaved so valiantly in the Jerusalem 
expedition. The period of the decease of Robert, 
W 



Earl of Moreton and Cornwall is not ascertained, 
but he appears to have been «. by his son, 

WILLIAM DE MORETON, Earl of Cornwall, 
who, rebdling against King Henry IL, died a prl- 
scmer, having had his eyes put oat by nder of that 
monnch, and his earldom of Cornwall transferred 
to Stephen of Blois, (see De MoreUm, Earl of Corn- 
wall). This unfortunate nobleman left two sons, 
Adblkx, from whom the tttmt house of 
CLAJCBicABDn, and the numerous families of 
De Burgh, Burgo, Burlce, and Bourke, de- 
rive. 
And, 
JOHN DE BOURGH, whose son, 
HUBERT DE BOURGH, became one of the 
most eminent and conspicuous nobles of his time ; 
and as a subject was considered the greatest in 
Europe, during the reigns of King John and 
Henry III. ** The first mention of this Hubert I 
find," says Dugdale, *' is, that he was servant to 
King Richard I., as also to King John, being sent 
by the latter from Roan, in the first year of his 
reign, to treat of a marriage for him witha daughter 
to the king of Portugal ; and had such great esti- 
mation from that king, that in the third of his 
reign, l>eing lord-chamberlain of the housdiold, he 
was constituted warden of the mardies of Wides, 
and had a hundred soldiers to attend him in those 
parts." In the next year we find him employed on 
an embassy to Philip of France, to treat for the re- 
stitution of Normandy, then seised upon by that 
monarch— and for some years after engaged in the 
importantdutiesof sheriff for the <x>unties of Dor- 
set, Somerset, Hereford, Berks, and Lino(dn. At 
the period that the barons rose against King John, 
this wen then powerftd nobleman was seneschal of 
Poictou, and, taking part with his royal master, he 
was nominated one of the commissioners to treat 
with the insurrecti<mary lords at RuNirYMXDB, in 
which capacity he witnessed the rigning of Maoma 
Chaata, and was advanced by the king, before he 
left the fidd, to the high station of Juaricn or 
ENOLAxn. In ten days afterwards he was consti- 
tuted sheriff of the counties of Kent and Surrey, 
and governor of the castle of Canterbury, and within 
a month made sheriff of Herefordshire, governor of 
the castle of Hereford, and governor of the castles 
of Norwich and Oxford. In the October foUowhig 
he obtained a grant tif the lordship and hundred of 
Hoa in Kent, part of the poss ess ions of Robert 
Bardolph, and was again constituted, on the 19th of 
the ensuing November, one of the commissionen 
upon the part of the king, to treat with Riduvd, 
Earl of Clare, and otheis, then deputed by the 
barons in the church of Erith, tn Kent, touching a 
peace between the king and those turbulent nobles. 
He subsequently augmented his reputation by the 
gallant d^ence of Dover Castle against Lewis of 
France, when King John was compiled to fly to 
Winchester, and after the death of that mooudi, 
by still faiUif ully holding the castle for the young 
king, Henry III., although the liighest lumours and 
rewwds were tendered him personally by the French' 
prince for its surrender. In the fourth year of the 
new king he sut^peeded William Mareschall, Earl of 
Pembroke, Just then d e c e ase d, in the guanUaashtp 



BUR 



BUR 



oC yovBg Hony* (at tltat time but foartten yem of 
age,) and In the government of the kingdom : and 
he lupp rMpcd in the next year a dangeioiu iniurree- 
tion of the Londonen, begun by one Cotutantine, 
a chief man of the city* whom he caused to be 
hanged. His groat power soon after, however, ex- 
citing the jealousy of the barons, the Earl oi Chea- 
ter, and others of the discontented party, signified to 
the king, that unless he ftnrbore to require their 
castles, and to hearken to the counsels of this 
Hubert, who then assumed a higher deportment 
than any nobleman in the kingdom, they would all 
riae an rebellion against him ; butit does not appear 
tliat this cabal prevailed, for we find in the next 
ysar, whan the king solemnised the festival of 
duiatmas at Westminster, this Hubert, by especial 
royal appointment, proposing to the lords spiritual 
and temporal, then assembled, an aid "for vindi- 
catii^ the injuries done to the king and his subjects 
in the parts- beyond sea." And soon afterwards, 
having executed the office of sheriff for the counties 
of Norfolk and Suflblk, ftom the 1st to the 9th of 
Henry 111. inclusive, and oi the county of Kent, 
from the 3rd to the 11th of the same reign, he was 
created, (on the 11th of February, 1S96,) Eabl ow 
KajffT, with most extensive territorial grants ftom 
tlie crown. Wltfiin the year, too, he was consti- 
tuted, by the advice of the peers of the whole realm, 
JcBTics OP EwGiJiND. His lordship afterwards, 
howev e r, incurred the temporary displeasure ot his 
royal master, as Dugdale dius states — " But before 
the end of this thirteenth year, (about Michaelmas,) 
tbe king having a rendezvous at Portsmouth, of the 
greatest army that had been seen in this realm, (it 
oottsiating of English, Irish, Scotch, and Welch,) 
designing therewith the recovery of what his father 
had lost in foreign parts ; and expecting all things 
in read! uses, with shipa for their transportation; 
but finding not half so many as would suffice for 
that purpose : he wholly attributed the fault to this 
Hubert, and publicly calling him Otd Traytor, 
told him, that he bad taken five thousand marks as 
a brihe from the queen of France, and thereupon 
drawing out his sword, would have killed him on 
tlie spot, had not the Earl of Chester, and some 
others, prevented it, but displaced him from his 
(^Boeof Justice, whereupon he withdrew until the 
king grew better pacified, as, it seems, he soon was ; 
for the next ensuing year, when divers valiant 
knights, coming to the king out of Normandy, 
earnestly besought him to land forces in that coun- 
try, assuring him that it might be easily recovered, 
this Hutiert wholly dissuaded him from attempting 
ity and prevailed with him to make an expedition 
into Gascony and Poictou, where he succeeded so 
well, that, having litde opposition, he freely re- 
ceived the homage of the inhabitants of those 
countries.** 

His lordship subsequently so fully re-established 
himself in royal favour, that he obtained permission, 
under certain circumstances, to execute the office of 
JcsTicx OP Emoland by deputy, and he soon after- 
wanto had a grant of the office of Jubticb op Irk- 
LAND ; and was appointed governor of the Tower 
of London, castellan of Windsor, and warden of 
Windsor Forest, Here, however, he appears to have 



reached the summit of his greatacas, for, sharing the 
common fate of favorites, he was soon afterwards 
supplanted In the aActions of the king, and ex- 
posed to the hostility of his enemies, so that, at one 
period, his life was saved only by his taking sanc- 
tuary in the church of Merton. He was afterwards 
dragged from beft>re the altar of the chapel, at the 
Bidiop of Norwich's manor-house in Essex, and 
conveyed prisoner, with his legs tied under the belly 
of his horse, by Sir Qodftrey de Ctawoombe, to the 
Tower of London i "whereof," (says Dugdale,) 
** when they made relation to the king, who had 
sate long up to hear the news, he went merily to 
bed.** ** Howbeit," (continues the same authority,) 
" the next morning, Roger, Bishop of London, 
being told how they had dragged him from the 
chappel, went immecUately to the king, and boldly 
rebuked him for thus violating the peace of holy 
church, saying, that If he did not forthwith free 
him of his bonds, and send him back to that chap- 
pel, whence he had been thus barbarously taken, he 
would pronounce the sentence of excommunication 
against all who had any band therein. Whereupon 
the king, being thus made sensible of his fault, sent 
him back to the same chappel upon the Ath calend 
of October, but withall directed his precept to the 
sheriff of Essex and Hertfordshire, upon pain of 
death, to come himself in person, as also to bring 
with him the jnmm eomUattu, and to encompass the 
chappel, so to the end he should not escape thence, 
nor receive any manner of food, which tiie sheriff 
accordingly did, making a great ditch, as well about 
the bishop's house as the chappel, resolving to stay 
thdre forty days." From this perilous situation the 
earl was rdieved through the influence of his staunch 
friend, the Archbishop of Dublin, upon conditiou 
of expatriating himself, being conveyed, in the 
interim, again to the Tower. When the king, 
learning that the difgraoed lord had deposited great 
treasure in the new temple of London, peremptorily 
demanded the same, but the Templars as peremp- 
torily refused surrendering the property entrusted 
to them, without the consent of the owner, which 
latter being obtained ** great store of plate, both of 
gold and silver, much money, and divers Jewels of 
very great value," were seised, and deposited in the 
royal treasury. His lordship was subsequently com- 
mitted ckMO prisoner to the castle of Devizes, 
where, it is said, upon hearing of the death of his 
great enemy, the Earl of Chester, (5th November, 
1233,) *' he fetched a deep sigh, and exclaimed. Cod 
have mercy on hissouii and calling for his psalter, 
stood devoutly before the cross, ceasing not before 
he had sung it all over, for the health of his souL" 
Soon after this the earl received a full and free par- 
don for his flight and outlawry, with a grant that 
his heirs should ei^oy all the lands of his own inhe- 
ritance, but as to such as he had otherwise acquired. 
'* they should stand to the king's fttvour and kind- 
ness, and such terms as the* king should think fit** 
Whereupon, relinquishing his title to the office of 
JusTicB OP Enoland, and entering into obliga- 
tion upon oath never agahi to claim it, he had 
restitution of numerous extensive lordships and 
manors. He did not, however, obtain his freedom, 
but was stiU ckisely confined at Devises, from 
O 87 



BUR 



BUR 



whenee he eviritmllf madv Ms mtapt ittloWalef, 
and w«B ulUnurtdy pardoned, with the other Sag- 
Itth aoblei who bad Jofawd Lewdlyn, Prince of 
Walee* upon the oondnelaa of peaee wHh that 
chieit^a. Again, though* be taicanred the dliplea- 
■ure of the ktng, in eonaequenoe of hit daughter 
Margaret having wedded BJcfaard, Earl of Qkm- 
outer, a minor, wMunrt Uoeoae, tnt was pardooed 
upon clearing hfanedf of all cogai— ne of the mat- 
ter, and paying a flock He wee, however, again in 
diflgraoe, end again makt, and ao on until he wa9 
atript of ahnost all hie iptandid pOHearieni^ 

Hii knndahip fNu, fint, Joene, daaghter of WilUam 
de Veraun, Earl of Devon, ad widowof WiHiam de 
Brewer, widi whom he acquired the wlude Iile of 
Wight, and the letdBhip of Chriat chnrdi in Hamp- 
shire, hut by whom he had no inuek He m., 
secondly, Beatrix, daughter of William de Warren 
of Wirn^ay, In the oonaty of Norfolk, and widow 
of Dodo Bardoif ; thirdly, Isabell, daughter nd 
oo-heireti of WliBam,. Earl of Gloucester, and 
widow of Geoftey de MandeviUe; and fourthly, 
Margaret, daughter of WHIlani, king of Scotland. 
By the bwC he is said to have had two snoa, " but 
that," obse nes Mr. Banks," *< appaais by no means 
the Cact, for had it lo been the issue ftom them 
«ould have been nearer to the crown of Scotland 
than any of the competitors wbe p i ufam s d their 
claim thereto, temp. Edward I., inaomuch as the 
olApring fjrom the daughter of WfUiam, king of 
Scotland, would have had a better pretenskm than 
Bruce or BaUol, who wera only de s cended from the 
daughters of David, younger brother of the said 
WUliam." His kwdship had issue, however, two 
sons and two daiiq^hters, vis. 

John, (Sir) m. to Hawyve, daughter and hetrese 
of WiUam de Lanvalay, and left issue a son, 
John, This Sir John de Burgh never Inhe- 
rited the Earldom of Kent. He fought under 
the banner of the barons, at the battles of 
Lewes and Evesham, fai the reign of Henry 
IIL The period of his decease is net ascer- 
tained. His son and hdr, 
JoBir, d: in the 8th Edward I., lewtng the 
CKtensiTe manors and estates which he in- 
herited firom his fMher and mother, to 
three daughters, as co-hein, via. :— > 
Hawyse, m. to Robert de Grellly. 
Dervoigild, mt, to Robert Fita-WalCer. 
Maigerie, a nun at Chiksend, in the 
county of Bedford. 
Hubert, ancestoi^ of the Barons Borough, of 

Gaiaaborough. 
Margaret, m. to JUchaid de Clare, Earl oi 

Glouceetar. 
Blegotta,- — ^ 
Hubert de Burgh, thus edebrated, as Earl' of Kent, 
d. on the 4th March, 1M3, and his lemafais were 
honorably interred within the church of the Friers 
preachers, (eowmonly called the BfaMk-Prfers,) in 
Che dty of London. With his lordship the Eari.- 
ooM or Ksirr, in the fmily of Burgh, sxrinan, 
whldi Coltins accounts for in hisparliamentwy pie> 
cedents, by the alligation that the patent by which 
the earldom waa conferred, was, in remainder, to 
his heirs BMie by the SooCdsh prtaKest only, and 



AaMBir^OuleB, seven loaenges varry three, three 
andonck 

BURGH — BARONS SOMERHILL, 
VISCOUNTS TUNBRIDGE, 
EARLS OF ST. ALBANS. 

Barony and Ylscty. > By Letters f 3d April, lOM. 
Earldom, / Patnt, \ S3d Ai]«ust, IdM. 

ICituagc. 

RICHARD BURKE, OR DE BURGH, fourth 
Earl of Chmrlcarde, in tl^ peerage of Irdand, was 
created a peer of England, on ad April, 16M, as 
BUrsn ftMMrMtf , and Fiseowif TunbHdg^, both in 
the ooonty of Kent* and advanced to the Earldom 
or St. A&BAita, on the S3d August, IdR His lord- 
ship m. Fiances^ daughter and heiress of Sir Francis 
WaUngham, and widow of Sir Philip Sydney , and of 
the unfortunatoEarl of Essex, by whom he had issue, 

ULJCK,hiS SUCDSSSOr. 

Margaret, m. to the Hon. Edmond Butler, son 

of James, Earl of Ormonde, 
Honors, m. to John Paulett, Marquess of Win- 



that lady latvlng no lesue, the dignity of course 



His lordship d. In 1036, and waa «. by his son, 

ULICK BURKE, OR DE BURGH, fifth Earl 
of Chuaricarde, and second Earl of St Albans, who 
was created Marquem of Clanricsrde, in Ireland, oo 
the 81st Fcibruary, 1844. This nobleman, who was 
appointed lord lieutenant of Irehmd, fai 10BO, took 
so distinguished a part against the rebels in the 
unhappy times of Charles I., that he was excepted 
tgom psedon for life or estate, in the act passed by 
Crouwdf s parliament for the settlement of Ireland. 
Uth August, Ifiifi. His kirdship m. fai December, 
IdBS, Lady Aime Compton, then only daughter of 
WiHiam, Earl of Northampton, and by her had an 
OBlychild, 

Margaret, who m. first, Charles, Visooont Mus- 
kerry, and had iasuo— 
CHARLsa JAMKa, who «. hls gFsndfother, 

Donogh, Eart of Chmcaity. 
Praacm, d. unm. 
Her ladyship au secondly, hi 1076, Robert 
▼imcts, called Viscount Purbedc, by whom 
she had an only son, 
John VilUers, who claimed the EarMom 
- of BuAingham. 
She espo^ised thirdly, RcAert FMdi^g, Esq. 
Her Uulyship d. in 160& 
His lordship d. in 1657, when the Irish nmrquisate, 
and the English Earloom op St. ArBAira, with 
the minor English honors, became sxtikct; his 
other dignities passed to his heir at law. 
ARica.— Or, a cross gu.in the dexter canton a lion. 



BURGH— BARONS BURGH, OR BO- 
ROUGH, OF GAINSBO- 
ROUGH, IN THE COUNTY 
OF LINCOLN. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 1st Septttnber, 1487< 
3 Henry YIL 

This family sprang directly tnm Hubert d* 



BUR 



BUR 



BppgH, 3fowgir ion cJ the riMwBttd Hubxbt di 
Bvuoa, ICaki. op Kb«t, but it doci not Bpfms to 
trnte attaiiifd mii«h important until the raign of 
Edward IV., whan, 

SIR THOMAS DEBUROH.JoliiadSirWilUain 
Staalay fai mcuing that prinoa from NavUla, Earl 
of Warwick, whoia priaonar he wai at the oaatla of 
BiddWham, but allowed the priTilage of huntiaf 
for hia leoaatloiu upoo one of whidi raoaatloiia bia 
eKspe waa aflbctad. Sir Thomaa fought aft aiw ai da 
under the banner of the Mune monarch, and ■hand 
with him tai the fruUa of the Tictory of Banet-AekL 
He ■!. EKsaheth, daughter end ooJielreH of Sir 
Hanry P«rqr, of Athol. Knt, ton of Sir Thomaa 
Percy, (aeoond ion of Hanry, flrrt Earl of Northum- 
bsfamd,) by hia wifa^ EUaabeth, daughter and 
beireM of David Strabolgi, Earl of Athol, by which 
lady the Percya eoquirad the manor of Galubo- 
lough, and thua it pamed to the De Buigha. Sir 
Thomaa de Buigh waa a. by hia ion, 

SIR THOMAS DE BURGH, who wwaeateda 
Mght of the garter by King Richard III., and waa 
■n mmnn e d to perljamant, aa Babon Borouob, op 
GAixaBOBOUOH, on the let Septambar, 1487. Hia 
lordahip mu Maigaiet, danghtar of Thomaa, Lord 
Rooa, of Kandal. and widow of Sir ThooM Bot- 
laaux. by whom hahad iani»— 

Edward, (Sir). 

Thomaa,——^ 

EKaabath, m. to Richard, Lord Fita-Hugh. 



The baron A in 1S9S, and waa a. by hia mo, 

EDWARD DE BUROH, laoond baron, butnerar 
aununoned to parlianMD^ who m. Anne, daughter 
end h a in w of Sir ThooMa Cobbam, of Sterborough, 
and waa * by hia ton, 

THOMAS DE BUROH, third baron, aummoned 
to perUament fkom the 9d Norambar, lflS9, to the 
8th Septonber, Ufift. Thia noblemen uk, Anne, 
daughter of Sir Thomai Tirwhit, of KfartUby, in 
the county of Lincoln, and dying In IMS, wm«. by 
haaMm, 

THOMAS DE BUROH, fourth taion, who ai. 
Elaaabeth, dan gh tar of Sir David Owan, Knt., but 
the lady proving UMAam, and having diiMran by 
anothaa parMn, hia lordship obtained en act of 
parliament to baatardize thoae children. Ha «•. 
■eeondly, Alice, danghtar of , and had iaiue— 

Henry, d. in the life-time of hia father, «. p» 

Wii*LiAM, auooaaaor to the title. 

Dorothy, Nk to Sir Anthony NeviU, Knt 
Hia lord«hip wm «. by hia aon, 

WILLIAM DE BURGH, llfth baron, one of the 
pecta who aete In judgment upon the Duke of Nor- 
folk, in the raign of EUaabeth. HU kvdahip m. 
Ketherine, deoghter of Edward Clinton, Earl of 
Lincoln, and had iaane, 

Tbomab, hia wicra a a o r , 

Henry, alain by Hokroft. 

John, (Sir,) d. in lfi0i.* 

e Sir John Bourgh— upon thia g^lant panon, the 
foilowiiV epitaph ^peara In Waatmlnater Abbey :— 

M& 

The celeatlal part ia fled to Heaven, 

And the earthly la laid in the ground: 



Mary, m. to — - Bulkaley. 

EUaabeth, m. to Rider. 

Anne, m. to Sir Henry Aahley, Knt. 
The beron wm «. at hia decaaae by hia eldaat aon, 

THOBiAS BURGH, alxth baron, aummanad to 
parliament from 11th January. IMS, to 94th October, 
U07. Thia nobleman wmaant in thaasth EUaabeth, 
upon an embeaay into Sootlend to indte King Jemea 
againat the Spaniah litKtion there, and in four yeara 
afterwarda auooaaded Sir William RuaadU itt the 
lieutanantcy of Irtfand. Hia lordahip ai. » 

andhediaeue— 

RoBBBT, hia auooaaaor. 
Thomaa, d. in minority, a. p. 
EUaabeth, m. to George Brooke, fourth aon of 
Lord Cobham, and had iaaue— 
Sir WiUiam Brooke, K.B., who «. Pene- 
lope, daughter of Sir Moaea HIU, of HiUa- 
borough Caatle, aarl marahal of Irdand, 
and left a daughter. 
Hill Bbookb, who m, flrat, the Hon. 
Mr. WUmot, eUeat ion of Lord WU< 
mot t aeeondly. Sir WUliam Boothby, 
fhnn whom the pieaant Sir William 
Boothby, Birt, deaeanda; and thirdly, 
Edward Rwaaail. brother of the Earl 



Light Bubatan< 

Whilat the heavy tend downwards. 

If thia church contain hia body, 

Hia fame fills the world. 

And hia spirit rangea the infinite apace of Heaven. 

The magnanimoua and moat iUuatrioua, 

JOHN BOURGH, 

Son of the moat noble, Lord William Bou^h, 

(Deacended from that moat oouragaoua Hero, 

Hubert de Burgh, Earl of Kant,) 

And of the most noble. Lady Catherine Clinton, 

Daughtar of Edmund Clinton, Earl of Lincoln, 

Lata admiral of England, 

Renowned for hia exploita, by aaa and land; 

Governor ot Duiaburgh. 
He waa twice knighted. First in Holland, 

By his Excellency, the Earl of Leioaster, 

General of the English and Dutch forcast 

Next by Henry IV., King of Franoa, 

On the victory of St. Andre. 

Afterwards, he overcame, and brought to England, 

A large Spanish Caracca ship, 

Laden with precious stones, sUver, gold, apicea, drc. 

For which he waa received, with the graateat 

Honour and applauaai 

But unhappily, fighting the enemy. 

Who fought with much courage. 

He feU by an untimely death, 

to the great grief of hia men, end hia oountry'a loaa; 

In the Mrd year of his age, March 7th, Ifl04. 

And here waits the trumpet's signal, 

for the universal resurrection. 

To keep up the remembranca of 

so great a man, 

this monument, in lieu of one more stately, 

and more suiUbla to his high deserts and name, 

is in the testimony of their love^ erected, 

by G. B. and M. P. 

00 



BUR 



BUR 



of Bedford* by whom the had tevend 
children. 
Frances, m, to Fnada Coppinger, Eeq. 
Anne, m. to Sir Drew Drury. 
Catherine, m, to Thomas Knerit, Esq., and d, 
in 164a 
His lordship, who was a knight of the Garter, d. in 
1597, and was «. by Ills elder son, 

ROBERT BURGH, seventh baron, at whose d»- 
ceaM> unmarried in minority, (his brother having d. 
previously,) his estates devolved upon his sisters as 
oo-heiresses, while the Barony op Borough, op 
Gainsborouoh, fell into abxyancr amongst those 
ladies, and so continues with their representatives. 
ARica.— Asure three fleur-de-lis ermine. 

BUROHERSH — BARONS BURG- 

HERSH. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 19th November, 1309, 
as Edward 1. 

ICincagc. 

In the S6th year of Edward I. 

ROBERT DE BUROHERSH, had his commis- 
sion renewed, as constable of Dover Castle, and 
lord warden of the Cinque Ports, and was sum- 
moned to parliament in six years afterwards, as 
Baron Burohrrbh ; in which dignity he had 
summons from the 19th November, 1309, to the 
13th June, 1306. His lordship d. in 1306, and was 
«. by his son, 

STEPHEN DE BURGHERSH, second Baron, 
but never summoned to parliament; this nobleman 
had issue, 

BARTHOLOMBtr, his successoT. 
Henry, Bishop of Lincoln, temp., Edward IL, 
and in the reign of Edward III., Lord Trba- 
BURRR, and Lord Chanckllor. This dis- 
tinguished prelate died at Ghent, in 1343, and 
his remains were brought over and interred 
in Lincoln CathedraL A story subsequently 
circulated — ^that his lordship having incurred 
many a bitter curse, for despoiling his poorer 
tenantry of their grounds, to form a park at 
Tynghurst, appeared after his decease, to a 
certain person, (who had been one of his 
esquires,) in the habit of a keeper, with his 
bow, quiver of arroWl, and a horn by his 
side, arrayed in a short green coat, and thus 
addressed him-^*'Thou knowesthow I have 
offimded God, and iqjured the poor, by my 
indosure of this park : for this cause, there- 
fore, am I e^Joyned penance, to be the keeper 
of it, till it be iaid open agun. Go, there- 
fore, to the canons of Lincoln, (my brethren.) 
and intreat them from me, to make a resti- 
tution to the poor, of what I thus wrong- 
fully took fh>m them.** Whereupon having 
delivered the message to the canons, they 
sent one of their company, called William 
Batchelor, to see the desired restitution ac- 
complished ; who caused the banlu and pales 
to be forthwith thrown down, and the ditches 
to be flUed up. 
Stephen de Burghmh, wai «. by his elder son, 
lOU 



BARTHOLOMEW DE BURGHERSH, third 
Baron, who had summons to- parliament, from 
25th January, 1330, (4th Edward IIL,) to 15th 
March, 1354, latterly with the addition of *' Seni- 
orl." This nobleman was in the wars of Scotland 
and France, temp. Edward II., in the retinue of 
Bartholomew, Lord Badlesmere} but in the 15th 
of the same reign. Joining Thomas. EmcI of Lan- 
caster, against the Spencers, he was taken prisoner 
with Lord Badlesmere, after the battle of Borough- 
bridge, upon the surrender of that nobleman's 
Castle of Leeds, In Kent, and sent to the Tower of 
London. He was restored, however, to his freedom 
and rank, on the arrival of Queen Isabri and Prince 
Edward, and constituted governor of Dover Castle, 
and warden of the Cinque Ports— trusts confirmed 
to him by King Edward HI., in whose reign his 
lordship became still more highly distinguished, 
participating in the glories of Crrssy, and filling 
several important ofl&ces, sudi as lord chamberlain 
of the household, constable of the tower, dec. Lord 
Burghersh m. Elisabeth, daughter and co-heiress of 
Theobald de Verdon, a great Staffordshire Bazon, 
by whom he had issue, 

Henry, who m. Isabd, one of the sisters and 
co-heirs of Edmund de St. John, but died, 
«. p. 
BARTHOI.OHBW, his sucoessoT. 
Joane. 
His lordship d. in 1355, and was «. by his only sur- 
viving son, 

BARTHOLOMEW DE BURGHERSH, fourth 
Baron, summoned to parliament, fh>m 15th Decern- 
her, 1357, (31st Edward III.,) to 94th February, 
1368. This nobleman was one of the most eminent 
warriors of the martial times of Edward III., having 
served in the immediate staff, (as we should now 
call it,) of the Black Prince, in the French wars, 
and attaining therein so much renown, as to be 
deemed worthy of one of the original garters, upon 
the institution of that order. In a few years after- 
wards, he Journeyed into the Holy Land ; and he 
was, subsequently, for several yeaxa, again in at- 
tendance upon his royal master, the Black Prince, 
during which period, he participated in the triumph 
of PoYTiXRS. His lordship m. first, Cecily, daugh- 
tn and heiress of Richard de Weyland, by whom 
he had an only daughter, and, eventually, heiress, 
Elisabeth, who m. Sir Edward le Despencer, 
K.G., and carried the Barony of Burghersh 
into the family of her husband. Tl)e great 
grand-daughter, and representative of this 
marriage, 
EUxabeth Beauchamp, m. Edward, a yoimger 
son of Ralph Nevil, Earl of Westmore- 
land, and her great grand-daughter, 
Mary, only daughter and heiress of 
Henry Nevil, last Lord A'bergav e nny 
and Despencer, espoused Sir Thomas 
Fane, Knt., whose son. Sir Francis 
Fane, K.B., was created in 1694, 
Baron finROHBRSH, and Earl op 
Wrstmorbland, honours now en- 
Joyed by his lordship's descendant, 
John Fane, tenth Eabl op Wbbt- 

MOBBLABD, K.O. 



BUR 



BUK 



Lord BuTghenh m. leeondly, Mtrgsret, titter of 
Bartholomew, Lord Badleunere, but had no issue. 
His lordship d.» in 1389; in which jmr» his hnt win 
and testament bears date, at Lcndon, 4th April. 
By this instrument, he directs, that his body be in- 
feored in the Chapel of Maasingham, beforetbe image 
of the blessed Virgin; that a dirge be there said, 
and in the morning a mass ;• and that a dole should 
be daily given to the poor of that place, at the dis- 
cretion of his executors. To Sir Walter Pavely,* 
(whom, with Lord Badlesmere, he had constituted 
executors,) he beqeathed a standing cup, gilt, with 
an L, upon the cover, as also his whole suit of arms 
for the Justs, with hu coat of mail and sword. 
UpcMi the demise of this nobleman, the last male 
representative of this branch of the family of Burg- 
heish, the Barony or Burohxbsh, passed with 
his daughter, as stated above, into the fSunily of 
Despencer, and the dignity is now vested, although 
not assumed, in Thomas Stapleton, p resent BAaoif 
Lb Dbspxitcbii. 
AaMB.-^u. a lion rampant, double quev^ or. 
^o<e.— Of this fionily was, 

JOHN DE BURGHERSH, who m. Maud, one 
of the daughters and hrtresses of Edmund Bacon, 

of , in the county of Essex, and left a son,' 

SIR JOHN DE BURGHERSH, Knt., who was 
in the expedition, made in the 47th Edward IIL, 
into Flanders. This Sir John m, Jamania, daugh- 
ter of Hanham, of ■ ■ , In the county of 

Gloucester, and widow of Sir John Ralegh, Knt, by 
whom he left two daughters, his co-heirs, via. 

Margaret, m. first, to Sir John OrenveviUe, 
Knt., and secondly, to John Arund^, Esq., 
of the county of ComwalL 
Maud, m. to Thomas Chaucer, son of the 
celebrate poet, and dying in 1436 or 14^, 
left an only daughter, 
Alice Chaucer, who m. William de la Pole, 
Duke ot Suilblk, K.O., Lord Chancdlor, 
and L<trd High AdmiraL ' 

BURNELL— BARONS BURNELL. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 19th Dec 1311, 
6 Edward XL 

ICincage. 

<« That this family,'* says Dugdale, "hath been 
of great antiquity, here in England, an old Martyro- 
loge (sometime belonging totheabliey of Buldewas, 
in the county of Salop), doth plainly demonstrate; 
for thereby appeareth that Sir Robert Bumell, 
Knt., died 15th Nov. 1087; Sir Philip, 14th Dec. 
11C7; Sir Roger, fith Feb. 1140; Sir Hugh, 7th Jan. 
1149; Sir Richard, SOth Jan. 1189 ; Sir Hugh, 13th 
Hay, 1242; and another Sir Roberf, eth Dec. 1249." 

The next persons of the name upon record are, 

WILLIAM BURNELL, who took part with 
the rebellious barons at the close of King Henry 
III.'s reign, and his brother, 

ROBERT BURNELL, who, in the Mth of the 
same monarch, obtained a charter for a weekly mar- 
ket, and two fairs yearly, to be holden at his manor 
of AcTOv-BuKKXLL, in the county of Salop; and 
before the end of the same year, we find him, 
amongst others, signed with the crass for a voyage 
to the Holy Land with Prince Edward. He was. 



however, drowned, along with his above-mentioned 
brother, in 1282, when he was succeeded by his ne> 
phew, (the son of his brother Philip,) 

PHILIP BURNELL, who was «. by hii first 
cousin, (son of his uncle, Hugh Bumell,) 

PHILIP BURNELL, who, hi the 19th Edw. L, 
had a charter for free warren in all his demesne 
lands in the county of Salop, and in two years af- 
terwards inherited estates in the counties of South- 
ampton, WUts, Berks, StiU|R>rd, Essex, and Surrey, 
from his uncle, Robert Bumell, bishop of Bath and 
Wells. This feudal lord m. Maud, daughter of 
Richard Fits- Alan, Earl of Arundel, and had issue, 
Edward, his successor. 

Maud» m. first, to John Lovel, of Tichmarch, 
in the county of Northampton, by whom 
she had issue, 
John Lovel, who was deprived of his inhe- 
ritance by fine. 
Maud m. secondly, John de HandIo, who was 
summoned to parliament, as BAaoN Handlo. 
hi 1342. (See that dignity. ) 
Philip Bumell (i. in the 23d of Edward I., and was #. 
by his son, 

EDWARD BURNELL, who, being in the wars 
of Scotland, had summons to parliament, as Baron 
BuKNSLL, ftom the 19th December, 1311, to the 
24th October, 1314. His Unship m. Olivia, daugh- 
ter of Hugh le Despenser; but dying without issue, 
in 1315, the barony bxpikxd ; while his estates, save 
those hdd by hte widow, in dower, devolved upon 
Ills only sister, Maud, (mentioned above,) as sole 
heiress. 

ARHS—Ar. a lion rampant sa. crowned, or. within 
a bordure, as. 

BURNELL— BARONS BURNELL, OF 
UOLGATE, IN THE COUN- 
TY OF SALOP. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 25th Nov. ISSO, 
24 Edward IIL 

Dineage. 

MAUD BURNELL, sister and sole heiress of 
Edward Lord Bum^> who d. in 1315. when his ba- 
rony expired, espoused for her second husband 
John de Handlo, afterwards, summoned to par- 
liament as Loan Handlo, and had issue, two sons, 
via. — 

Richard, who d. in the life-time of his father, 
leaving a son, 

■ Edmund de Handlo, who succeeded to the 
barony of Handlo, (see Handlo,) 
And, 

NICHOLAS DE HANDLO, who inherited, in 
the 22d Edward III., the estates of his mother, 
and assumed, in consequence, the surname of Bua- 
nkll; by which designation he was summoned to 
parliament, as baron, on the 25(h November, 1350. 
Hte lordship- dtetinguished himself in arms, and 
participated in the glory acquired by hte victorious 
soverrign upon the French soiL He cf. on the 19th 
of January, 1383, and was «. by hte son, 

SIR HUGH BURNELL, Knt., as second Banm 
Bumai, This nobleman was constituted governor 
of the castle of Bridgenorth, in the county of Sa- 
lop, in the loth of Richard II.; but being de- 

lui 



BUT 



3UT 



nounoed. in neact yaar, m one of tlie fftvoaritei «id 
evil oounsellon of that unhappy prince* he ««• ba- 
nished the court. He regained popular Cavour. 
however* to much within a few yean, that upon 
the depoul of his royal matter, he wee one of the 
lords deputed to receive the unlbrtunate king's re- 
signation of the crown and government, at the 
Tower at London. In the neat reign we find Lord 
Bumdl entrusted with the government of several 
strong castles on the Welch border. His lordship 
m. first, Joyce, daughter of John Botetourt* and 
grand-daughter and heiress of John, second Lord 
Botetourt, by whom he had no issues but by a se- 
cond wife he luui an only son, 

EowAKD, who, dying in the life-time of his 
father, left, by his wife Alice, daughter of 
Thomas, Lord Strange, three daughten, vix.^ 
Joyce, m. to Thomas Erdington, Esq., Jun., 
and had. 
Sir Thomas Erdington, Knt. 
Margery, m. to Edmund, son of Sir Walter 
Hungerford, Knt., and had 
Thomas, father of Sir John Hunger- 
ford. 
Katherlne, m. to Sir John RatclUlb, whose 
son married the heiress of •— Fits-Walter. 
Lord Bumdl, who had been summoned to parliap 
ment troat the SOth August, 1383, to the Sist Octo- 
ber, 14ao, died in the latter year ; when his above- 
mentioned grand-daughters became his heirs, and 
the BAEONY or BumiiXLL fell into abstancb 
amongst them, as it still continues with their re* 
preMntatives. 

Arms— Ar. a lion rampant sa. crowned or. within 
abordureax. 

NoTB.— As In the instance of this barony, it may 
appear rather strange that the issue of the second 
husband of Maud Bumdl, by John Handlo, instead 
of her issue by her first husband, John Lov^, 
should come in for the barony, it may be necessary 
to observe, that, on the decease of her brother, Ed- 
ward, Lord Bumdl, without issue, the honour ter- 
minated with him, as she could not make henelf 
heir to his lordship so as to take any thing by virtue 
of the record of his creation x wherefore, John 
Handlo being seised of the manors of Holgate, Ao- 
ton-Bumdl, &c for life* in right of Maud, his wife, 
the remainder to Nicholas Handlo, (alias Bumell,) 
son of the said Maud and John, (by a fine in court,) 
the said NicHOLAa was summcmed to parliament, 
amongst the barons of the realm, by reason of the 
fine aforesaid, and possession of the caput baronlK, 
(Holgate, in the county of Salopr) and not John 
Lovel, who was heir to the said Maud by her first 
husband.— Bamks. 

BUTLER— EARL OF WILTSHIRE. 

By Letters Patent, dated 8th July, 1448. 
XinC80C. 

JAMES BUTLER, son and heir of James, fourth 
Earl of Ormonde, in Irdand, by Joan, daughter of 
William Beauchamp. Lord Abeigavenny, was ele» 
vatsd to the peerage of England, by letters patent, 
dated 8tb July, 1440, as Eau. op WiLTSJiiaB, and 
102 



succeeded Co the Irish honois, as fifth Earl of (^ 
monde, at the lierease of his father, in 14iUL This 
nobleman, who was a staunch adhflrent of the house 
of Lancaster, was made lieutenant of Ireland in the 
3Uth Henry VL, and in three years afterwards lomd 
TKaABuaaa or Ejcoland. Shortly after this his 
lordship was with King Henry in the first battle of 
St Albans, where the Yorkists prevailing, he fled, 
and cast his armour into a ditch. In the 38th of the 
same monarch he was reconstituted lord treasurer, 
and app<rinted keeper of the forest of Pederton, in 
the county of Somerset, and of .Cnnebume Chase, 
lying in the counties of Wilts and Dorset i being, at 
the same time, honoured with the Garter. His 
lordship participated this year in the triumph of 
his party at Wakbpibi.b, where the Duke of York 
fell; but sharing also their defeat at Mobtimbb 
Cbosb, he fied the fidd: and pursuing a similar 
course after the unfortunate issoe to the LancMtri* 
ans, of TowTON-FiBLD, he was taken prisoner by 
Richard Salkeld, Esq., and beheaded at Newcastle 
on the 1st May, 1461. His lordship d. without 
issue, and being attainted by parliament in the No- 
vember following his execution; his Eabldom 
OP WiLTBBiBB BXPiRBD, ssshould the Irish honors 
of the fiunily, the deceased lord's brother and heir, 
John Butler, being also attainted for his Lancastrian 
principles, and being likewise engaged at the battle 
of Towton, but that the said John was restored hi 
blood by King Edward IV., and thus enabled to In- 
herit as sixth Earl of Ormonde. James, Earl of 
Ormonde and Wiltshire, m. thrice; fint. Amy, 
daughter of John Fita-Alan, Earl of Arundel; 
secondly, Amicea, daughter of Sir Richard Staflbrd, 
a great heiress, and thirdly, Eleanor, daughter of 
Edmund Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, but never 
had issue. 

Armb. — Or. a chief indented, aa. a label of five 
points, ar. 

BUTLER — BARON BUTLER, OF 
WESTON, IN THE COUN- 
TY OF HUNTINGDON. 

By Letters Patent, anno 187SL 

LORD RICHARD BUTLER, second son of 
James, first Duke of Ormonde, was advanced to the 
peerage of Ireland, as Earl op Arran, In 186S, 
and created a peer of England, by the title of Barom 
BcTLBR, OP Wbbton, in 1673> Upon his father's 
quitting Ireland in 1682, this nobleman was left 
deputy until his return, and performed great service 
against the mutinous garrison of Carrick-Fergus. 
His lordship distinguished himself also in the cde- 
brated naval engagement with the Dutch in I673L 
He m, first, Mary, daughter of James Stuart, Duke 
ot Richmond and Lenox, but had no issua He 
espoused secondly, Dorothy, daughter of John 
Ferrers, Esq., of Tamworth Castle, in the county 
of Warwick, by whom he had an only surviving 
daughter, 

Charlotte, m. to Charles, Lord CorawaUls. 
He d. in 1685, when leaving no male issue, all his 
iioBOBa BxpiABP, but wcve rtvived in the pcnoo 



BUT 



BUT 



of hto Mpheir, tiM Hon. Cbarki Bulkr, (Me Butler, 
Baron Butler, of Weeton). 
Amjie.— or. a chtefjadmted ae. 

BUTLER — BARON BUTLER, OF 
WESTON, IN THE COUN- 
TY OF HUNTINGDON. 

By Letter* PaleDt, dated fl3d January, 10B3. 

Xintagi. 

The Honogehle 

CHARLES BUTLER, eeeond een of the cele- 
hwfeil Thoatu, Earl of Oieory (bf etmttmf), and 
Lord Btttlv, of Moorpark, by writ, eldert ton of 
Jamei, Dnke of Onnonda, waa elevated to the 
of Ireland on the sad January, 16B9, as 
Clog h grmu m , ViaeoutU TttOomgh, and Earl 
or AnRAir, and created at the niae time a peer 
of England, hy the title of Bauoit Butlbb, of 
Weeton, in the county of Huntinsdon. Thl* no- 
Ucmen waa one of the Lords of the bedchamber, 
and colonel of hoTM, in the reign of King WlUiam; 
goveraor of Dover Caitleb end deputy-warden of the 
Cinque Ports, and master of the ordnance In Ire- 
land, temp. Queen Anne, and chancellor of the uni- 
vcnlty of Oxford in the rdgn of King George I. 
His lordship m. EUiabeth, fourth daughter end co- 
haiims of Thomas, Lord Crew, of Stene; but dying 
#. ^ in 17AB^ all his MovovBa sxrinnn. His lord- 
ship was also lord high steward of Westminster, end 
a lieut.-gBnaa] in the army. 

Arme Or. a chief indented ae. 

BUTLER — BARONS BUTLER, OF 
BRAMFIELD, IN THE 
COUNTY OF HERTFORD. 

By Letters Patent, 90th September, 162& 

ICincagc. 

From the BoruLBRa or BuTLsaa, Barons of Wem- 
rore and Ovcrsley, descended 

SIR JOHN BUTLER, BART., of Hatfield Wood- 
hall, in the county of Herts, (so created in 17th 
James I.,) who was advanced to the peerage on the 
90th September, IdSS, a» Baron Butlrr or Bram- 
FiBLD, in the same shire. His lordship m. Elisabeth, 
sister of George Vllliers, Duke of Buckingham, by 
whom he had six sons, whereof five predeceased him 
unmanied, and six daughters, of which, 

Aubrey, m. first. Sir Frands Anderson, and 

secondly, Francis, Earl of Chidiester. 
Helen, m. Sir John Drake, Knt. 
Jane, m. James Ley, Earl of Marlborough. 
Ollvera, m. Endymion Porter, Esq. 
Hary, m. Edward, Lord Howard of Escrick. 
Anne, m. first, Moui^oy Bk>unt, Earl of New- 
port, and secondly, Thomas Weston, Earl of 
Portland. 
His lordship d, in 1637» and was «. by his only sur- 
viving son, 
WILLIAM, second heron, at whose decease with- 
out issue, bx 1617, the Barony or Bdtlxr, of 
Bramfield, bxpirbo, while his lordship's esutes 
devolved upon his sisters, or their representatives, 
and were purchased alterwaida hy Geoife» Viscount 



OiandeeoB, In betand, who thereby oMafaMd po*. 
eei si o n of the manor of BRAMriBLo. 

ARMra.— <ju. a tase Chequde, er. end sa. betw. six 
cross ciossleta. or. 

BUTLER — BARONS BUTLER, OF 
LANTHONY, IN THE 
COUNTY OF MONMOUTH, 
AND EARLS OF BRECK. 
NOCK, IN THE PEERAGE 
OF ENGLAND. 

By Letters Patent, dated 90th July, IfiOO, 

19 Charles II. 

Merquesees and Dukes of Ormonde, end Earb of 

Oaeory, in Irdend. 

The Rlgh\ Hon. 

JAMES BUTLER, Marquess of Ormonde, and 
Earl of Oesory, in Irdand, f6r his faithful adherence 
to King Charles I., was created a peer of England 
at the restoration of the monarchy, (90th July, 
IflOD,) in the dignities of Bafim Butter, tflMUtumw* 
in the county of Monmouth, end Earl or Brrck- 
irocK,e and the next yeer advanced to the Irish 

• James Butler, Earl of Ormonde, his hwdship'a 
ancestor, m. Alianore, daughter of Humphrey De 
Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Eksex, Lord or 
Brrcknock, and constable of England, by Elisa- 
beth Plantagenet, daughto- of Edward I.—(See 
Bohun, Earl of Herefbrd.) 

Note.— The illustrious house of Ormoitdb, origi- 
nally sprang ttom the great feudal finnUy of 
Walter : thus. 

In the Srd Henry II., in the sheriff's account for 
Norfolk and Suflblk, mention is nmde in those 
shires, of 

HUBERT WALTER, to whom succeeded, 

HENRY WALTER, who had five sons, Hubert, 
Theobald, Walter, Roger, and Hamon, of 
whom, 

Hubert, the eldest, a churchman, became Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury. 
And, the second, 

THEOBALD WALTER, obtained from King 
Richard I., a grant in fee, of the lordship 
of Prrstoh, in Lanceshire, with the whole 
Wapentake and forest of Amundemesse, to hold 
by three knights' fees : which grant bears date 99nd 
AprU. in the first yeer of that king's reign, being 
the Friday immediately after his- coronation. In 
five yeers after, he was appointed sheriff of the 
county of Lancaster, and continued to Ailfll the 
duties of that high office, from the 6th of Richard, 
to the 1st of John, inclusive^ This feudal lord waa 
a great benefkctor to the church, and a founder of 
several religious houses, amongst which were the 
Augustinian Abbey of Cockersand, in Lancashire i 
and, (being Butlrr of Ireland,) the monestery of 
Arklow, end the abbeys of Motheny, county of 
Limerick, and Nenegh, county of Tipperary, in 
IrebukL In the 5th of Khig-John. he gave two 
palAreys for license to go into that kingdom, and 
having espoused Maud, daughter of Robert Vava- 



BUT 



BUT 



DuKKDOM OF Ormondb. This nobleman distin- 
guished himarif first in public life, by a disposition 
to oppose the government of the Earl of Straflbrd 
in Ireland, and his political career commenced in 
the following singular manner. Lord Straflbrd, 
upon calling a parliament to meet at Dublin Castle, 
issued a proclamation that none of the members, 
lords or commons, should enter with their swords ; 
an injunction obeyed by all but the young Marquess 
of Ormonde, who told the black rod at the door 
<* that he thould have no eworde qf hi* except in hie 
gut*r This so irritated the lord deputy, that the 
refractory lord was called upon in the evening to 
account for his conduct; when he produced his 
m^csty's writ, summoning him to parliament, 
** einctue cum gladio.*' So resolute a reply, at once 
fixed his lordship's fortune, and it being deemed 
more prudent to conciliate than to provoke so ardent 
a spirit, he was immediately called to the privy 
council ; Arom that period he attached himself lea- 
lously to the cause of the king, and used all his 
eflbrts to defeat the accusations against the Earl of 
Straflbrd, who thenceforward felt so much gratitude 
towards him, that he made it his last request to his 
royal master to bestow the garter upon Ormonde ; a 
request (Cheerfully complied with. The marquess 
was afterwards lord lieutenant of Ireland, and his 
valour, conduct, and loyalty, were in the highest 
degree conspicuous throughout the whole of the 
civil wars. He was a second time chief governor of 
Ireland after the restoration. Burnet says of this 
eminent person, " that he was every way well fitted 
for a court : of a graceful appearance, a lively wit, 
and a cheecful temper ; a man of great expense, but 
decent even in his vices, for he always kept up the 
forms of religion : too faithful not to give always 
good advice; but when bad ones were followed, too 
complaisant to be any great complainer. He had 
got through many transactions with more fidelity 
than success ; and in the siege of Dublin, miscarried 
so far, as to lessen the opinion of his military con- 
duct: but his constant attendance on his master 
and his great suflisrings, raised him (after the resto- 
ration), to be lord steward of the household, and 
lord lieutenant' of Ireland." 

His grace m. Elisalieth, only daughter of Richard 
Preston, Earl of Desmond, by whom he had issue— 
Thomas, who d. young. 



sour, with whom he acquired the manors of Edling- 
ton and Newborough, and the lands of Boulton, 
departed this life in the 9th of the same monarch. 
When Robert Vavasour above mentioned, gave to 
the king a fine of twdve hundred marks, and two 
palfreys for the benefit of the widow's marriage and 
dowrie. The lady married subsequently Fulke 
Fitft-warine. Theobald Walter left issue, 

Thbobald, who aasiuned trom his office in 
Ireland, the surname of Botklbr or Butlbr, 
and from this great feudal lord, who m, 
Maude, sister of the celebrated Thoma»-a- 
Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, imme- 
diately descended theBUTLBRS OP Ormondb. 
Maud, wjiose tuition King John committed to 

Gilbert Fiti-Reinfrid, Baron of Kendall. 
104 



Thomas, Earl or OasoRv, who was sum- 
moned to parliament S4th September, 10S8, as 
Lord Butlbr, qfMoor Pmrk, in the eounty 
€\fHerta, This nobleman was 6. at Kilkenny 
on the 8th July, 1634, and by the time he had 
reached majority gave such proofs of discre- 
tion, talent, and noble bearing, that Sir Ro- 
bert Southwell thus depicts him at that period. 
'* He was a young man with a very handsome 
.face; a good head of hair ; well set; very good 
natured ; rides the great horse very well ; is a 
very good tennis player, fencer, and dancer ; 
understands music, and plays on the guitar 
and lute; speaks French elegantly; reaia 
Italian fluently; is a good historian; and so 
well versed in romances, that if a gallery be 
fiill of pictures and hangingsi he wiU tell the 
stories of all that are there described. He 
shuts up his door at dght in the evening and 
studies till midnight; he is temperate, cour- 
teous, and excellent in all his behaviour." In 
1661 his lordship was general of the horse in 
Ireland, and a member of the privy council. 
He was deputy to his father while lord lieute- 
nant, and attained the highest reputation in 
the cabinet and the field. His lordship pre- 
t. eminently distinguished himself in the great 
naval engagement with the Dutch in 1673, 
** wherein,* (aaith Anthony Wood J ** he gtti- 
ktntly acted beyond the fiction qf romance" 
He m. in 16S9, Amdia, eldest daughter of 
Louis de Nassau, Lord of Beveweast, Odyke, 
and Auverquerque, natural son of Maurice, 
Prince of Orange, by whom he had two sur- 
viving sons and three daughters, viz. 

Jambs, who «. his grandfather. 

Charles, created Earl oi Arran. 

Elizabeth, m. to William Richard George, 
ninth Earl of Derby. 

Emilia, ^ » 

Henrietta, m. to Henry D* Auverquerque, 
Earl of Grantham. 
His lordship d. of a fever at Whitehall, in the 
life-time of his father, deeply lamented by 
the kingdom at large, on the 30th July, 1680. 

Richard, created Earl of Arran in Ireland, and 
Lord Butlbr, or Wbbtoit, in England. 

John, created Earl or Gowran, d, in 1677* 
e.p. 
The duke d, the year of the revolution, 1688, and 
was «. by his grandscm, 

JAMES BUTLER, second Duke of Ormonde in 
Ireland, and second Earl or Brbcknock in Eng- 
land. This nobleman being one of the first to espouse 
thecaiueof the Prince of Orange, was madeaKNioHT 
of the Oartbr, upon the elevation of his highness 
to the throne : and constituted Lord High Consta- 
blb or England for the day, at the coronation of 
his Majesty and Queen Mary. In 1690, his grace 
attended King WiDiam at the battle of the Boyne, 
and in three yean afterwards was at Landen, where 
he received several wounds, had his horse killed 
under him, and was taken prisoner by the Frenchr 
and carried to Namur. In 1702, he was appointed 
by Queen Anne, Conunander-in-chief of the land 



CAr 



CAM 



It against Fiance and Spain, wlken h« de- 
•tnyed the French fleet, and the Spanish galleons, 
in the harbour of Viga; for whldi he reoeiTcd the 
thanks of parliament. In 17IS, he succeeded the 
Duke 9t Marlborough, as Captain-general, and 
Commander-fai-diief of all his nu^asty's land Ibrcas 
in Gnat Britain, or employed abroad in ooi^unction 
with her allies ; and on the Quean's death was one 
of the piiTy council who signed the proclamation, 
dwlatmin g George L lUng of England } on whoae 
anlTal he was at first graciously received by his 
m^esty, but in a few days after was removed flrom 
his great oflloes ; and within a short time (1715), 
bofeached hi parliament of high crimes and mis- 
dcnoeanofs. Whereupon retiring into France, he 
was attafaitcd, his estates confiscated, and all his 
honours jixtinouishbd, on the SOth August, 1715. 
But in 1721, an act of parliament pasied, ■whHwg hig 
brother the Earl of Arran, to purchase the esdieated 
property, which he accordingly did. The Duke m. 
twice, first Lady Anne Hyde, daughter of Laurence, 
£arl of Rochester, who died with her only infimt 
child, and lecondly. Lady Mary Somerset, daughter 
ol Henry, Duke of Beaufort, by whom he had an 
only sttrviTing daughter, Mary, m. to John, Lord 
Ashbuxnham. He died at Madrid, at the advanced 
ageof ninety-lbur, on the 16th November, 1745. 
ABJta^-Or. It chief indented aa. sUk ^'Xtf 

BUTLER — BARON BUTLER, OF 
MOOR PARK, IN THE 
COUNTY OF HERTS. 

See Butler, Eabi.8 of Buckvock. 
<Thomas, Earl of Ossory, ion of the first k>rd.) 

CAILLI— BARON CAILLL 

By Writ of Summons, dated 4th March 1309. 
Snd Edward XL 

In the 7th year of King John, 

ADAM DE CAILLI accounted five pounds for 
license to plead before the king, in a cause depend- 
ing between himself and Michael de Puninges, re- 
garding the dowry of Margaret, the hUteTs wife. 
From this Adam deicended, 

THOMAS DE CAILLI, who in the 35th Ed- 
ward L, obtained livery of the hmds which he in- 
herited fhxn hit cousin, Robert deTatsthall, (nephew 
of his mother Emme,) and was summoned to par- 
liament as a Babom, from the 4th March, 1309, to 
the 16th June, 1311, inclusive. In the 10th Ed- 
ward IL, this nobleman, with Margaret his wife, 
procured a charter of free-warren in all their de- 
mesne lands at Wymundham, Babingle, and Wul- 
ferton, in the county of Norfolk. In which year 
his lordship died, leaving Adam, the son of Roger 
de Clifton, by Margerie, his sister, then but nine 
years of age, his lole heir. Up(m the decease of 
Lord CaiU, the Babohy became sxtin ct. 

ABMa.— Ar. four bendlets gu. 

From a coUaleral branch of this baronial house, 
dearend the Bauon bts Caylky, of* Brompton, in 
the county of Yorlb 



CADOOAN-BARON CAI>OOAN, OF 
READINO, IN THE COUN. 
TY OF BERKS, VISCOUNT 
CAVERSHAM, EARL CA- 
DOOAN. 

Barony, ^ | by Letters / SOth June, 171«. 
Earldom, &C.J Patent ( 8th May, 17I8. 

Xincssc. 

WILLIAM CADOGAN. (eldest ion of Henry 
Cadogan, barrister at Uw, by Bridget, his wifte, 
daughter of Sir Hardzess Waller, Knt..) a general 
officer of great celebrity, the companion in arms of 
the Duke of Marlborough, and his grace's succeMor 
in the command of the army, was elevated to the 
peerage on 30th June, 1716, as Babon Caoooaw, nf 
ReoiUnf , in the countp qfBerk*, and created, on the 
8th May, 17I8, Baron Cadogan, of Oakley, in the 
county of Bucks, with remainder, in default of male 
issuer to his brother, Charles Cadogan, Viscount 
Caybbsham, in the county of Oxford, and Ea'bi. 
Cadogan. His lordship m. Margaretta-CeciUa, 
daughter of William Munstcr, counsellor ot Hol- 
land, by whom he had issue, 

Sarah, m. to Charles, second Duke of Rich-, 
mond, K.G. 

Margaret, died unmarried. 
The earl d. on the 17th July, 17S6, when the Ba- 
BONY or Cadooan of Rbaoino, the Viscounty 
OF Caybbshait, and the Eabx.do>i or Cadooan, 
became bztinct, while the barcmy of Cadogan of 
Oakley devolved, according to the limitation, upon 
his lordship's brother, Charles Cadogan, and is now 
ei^oyed by the present Earl Cadogan, the said 
Charles's grandson. 

CAMOIS—BARONS GAMOIS. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 14th Dec, ISM, 
49 Henry IIL 

* ICineage. 

The first notice ot this family occurs in the be* 
ginning of Henry the Third's time, whsn we find 

RALPH DE CAMOIS restored to certain lands 
in Huntingdonshire, which had been seised upon by 
the crown, in the preceding reign, owing to his par- 
ticipation in the rebellion of the barons. After this, 
in the 86th Henry HI., he executed the office of 
sherilTfor the counties of Surrey and Sussex, and 
fh>m that time until the thirteenth year of the 
same reign. He d, in thirteen years afterwards, and 
was «. by his ion, 

SIR RALPH DE CaMOIS, who, joinhig Mont- 
ford, Earl of Leicester, and the rebdlious barous, 
stood so high in their confidence, that, after the 
battle of Lewes, he was constituted one of their 
council of state for the government of the realm, 
having been summoned to parliament, as a babon, 
on the 14th December, U64. His lon^ip d. in 1870, 
and was «. by his Mn* 

SIR JOHN DE CAMOIS, leoond baron, but 
never summoned to parliament. Of this nobleman 
the only remarkable circumstance recorded is, the 
granting, by a formal deed, his wife, Margaret, 
daughter and heiress of Sir John de Gatesden, and 
ail her goods and chatteto, to Sir WilBam PainelU 
P IW 



CAM 



CAM 



Knt., with whom ih* had ficvioQsly departed flroMi 
her hnabaad, and was thnliTkig In adultery. After 
the de c e a ae of Sir John Camola, the lady married 
PaineU, and then demanded a portion of her de- 
ceased lord's lands as her dowry. But to that claim 
the king's attorney replied, that she had no right 
whatever. In as much as she had voluataiily for- 
saken her hnsband long before his death, to whom 
she had never subsequently been reconciled, and had 
been living in adultery with PalnelL Unto which 
the claimant and her husband responded, that 
though she abode with him, it was not in an adul- 
terous manner, but by virtue of the grant made by 
her rieceasert husband. The case was eventually re- 
ferred to parliament, (29th and 90th Edward I.,) 
and the king's counsel urging the statute of , 

whereby it was enacted, «* That if a wife do, of her 
own accord, forsake her husband, and live adulter- 
ously with another man. she shall fbr ever be de- 
barred of her dowry ,^ unless her husbend, without- 
ecclesiastical coercion, be reconciled to her, and 
oohaUt with her." Judgment was given against the 
claim, that the sdd Margaret should have no dowry 
out of her husband Camols* lands. This suit was 
very famous in Its time. Sir John de Camols was 
«. by hto son by the said Margaret, 

SIR RALPH DE CAMOIS. third baron, sum- 
moned to parliament ftom 26th November, 1313, to 
1st April, 1335. This nobleman distinguished him- 
sdf in the Scottish wan of Kings Edward I. and 
Edward IL, and was in the retinue of Hugh de 
Spencer the elder. But no mention Is made of him, 
or of any descendant of his, after the year ISSft. 
Anna., — ^Ar. on a chief gu. three plates (besants). 
Copy of the very singular deed made by Sir John 
Camols to Sir WiUiam PataeU— 

Omnibus Chrlsti fldelibus, ad quos prasens scrip- 
tum pervenerit, JoHAwwBa db Caiisvs. filius et 
hseres Domini Radulphi de Cameys, salutem in 
Domino. Noveritis me tradiase etdimJslsse, spoo- 
taneA voluntate met. Domino Wili.sx.mo PatitxIi 
mlliti, Margaretam de Cameys, llUam et lueredem 
Domini JoHAiriria dx OATsaDxir, uxorem meam t 
et etiam iledlsse et concesslsse eldem Williebno, re- 
larasse et quletum damasse, omnia bona et catalla, 
quse ipsa Margareta habet, vd de csetero habere 
posset: et etiam quicquid mel est de prsedicta Mar- 
garettl, bonis vecataUis, cum pertinentils: itaquod 
nee ego, nee allquls alius, nomine meo, in prasdictA 
MargaretA, bonis et catalUs ipsius Margaretse, cum 
■uls pertinentils, de CBtero exigere, vri vendicare 
poterimna, necdebemus imperpetuum. Acvoloet 
coBcedo, et per prvscns scriptum conflrmot quod 
pTKdicta Margareta, cum prssdicto Domino Wil- 
llelmo, sit et maneat, pro voluntate ipalus WilUel- 
mL In CH)us rei testimonium hulc pnesenti scripto 
slgiUummeumoppoeuit Histestibus, 

ThomA de Depeston. 

Johanna de Perrings. 

WiUidmo de loombe. 

Henrico le Biroun. 

Stephano Camenrlo. 

Waltato le Bkmnd. 

Ollberto de Batecumbe. 

Roberto de Boaoo. 

etaHie. 
1<M 



CAMOIS— BARONS CAMOIS. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 20th August, 1383, 
7 Richard II. 

Xincage. 

In the 47th Edward III., 

THOMAS DE CAMOIS obtained the king's 
charter for a weekly market on the Saturday, at his 
manor at Broadwater, In Sussex t and In the 1st of 
Richard II. we find him serving the king in his fleet 
at sea, being then in the retinue of William, Lord 
Latimer. In three years afterwards he was In the 
expedition made into France, and in the 7th of the 
same monardi, being elected one of the knights for 
the shire of Surrey, he was, as a banneret, dis- 
charged trom that service, it being amongst the prl- 
vilqies of that high order of knighthood not to be 
subject to serve in parliament. In the remainder of 
this rdgn he was in the wars of Prance and Spain t 
and he e^)oyed the confidence of the succeeding 
monarcfas, Henry IV. and Henry V. He had been 
summoned to pariiament, as Baboit Camoib, from 
the 7th of Richard II. to the 8th of Henry V., in- 
dusive, and was a knight of the Garter. His lord- 
ship married Ellaabeth, daughter and heiress of 
WiUiam de Louches, with whom he acquired the 
manor of Whatdey, in Oxfordshire', and had issue, 
Richard, who d, before his fisther, leaving 
HuoB, successor to the barony. * « ' 
Margaret, m. to Ralph Rademild& 
Alienor, m. to Roger Lewloior. 
Lord Camols d, in 1421, and was «. by his grand- 
son, 

HUGH DE CAMOIS, second baron, at whose 
decease, without issue. In the &th of Henry VI., the 
estates devolved upon his sisters, above mentioned* 
as co-heiresses, while the babowy fell into abbv- 
AKCB bet w een them, as it so continues amongst 
their descendants. 

A descendant tnm the yoimger sister. Alienor, 
by her husband, Roger Lewknor, 

Sir Roger Lewknor of Camols Court, in the 
county of Sussex, left issue, a daughter and 



Catherine who m., temp. Henry VIII., 
John Mill, Esq., of Grantham, In Sussex, 
and had Issue, 
Lewknor MiU, of Camois Court, whose 
eldest son and heir, 
John Mijll, Esq., was created a 
baronet In 1619, an honour en- 
Joyed by hb descendant, the pre- 
sent Sir CHARI.B8 Mill. 
Abm8.*»Ai. on a chief gules, three plates (be- 
sants). 

CAMVILLE — BARONS CAMVILLE, 
OF CLIFTON. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 83d June. 1296, 
23 Edward L 

ICincagc. 

In the fifth year of King Stephen. 

GERALD DE CAMVILLE, of LUbuiue Cestle, 
In the county of Northampton, granted two parta 
of the tithes of Charleton-Camvllle, In Somenet- 



GAM 



CAN 



•tute, to tiie moalu at BmnondNf , fai Sumy. To 
thJs Gcnid «. bk son, 

RICHARD DB CAMVILLE, who WM ftnmdcr 
in the time of Kiire Stspbsn, of Combe-Abbey, 
m the county of Warwick, mad wms one of the wit- 
■irwrB in the ISth of the same xeigii, to the ooovco- 
tk» between that monarch and Henry, Duke of 
Normandy, rcgaxding the nucettion of the Utter 
to the crown of England. Thia fteudal lord eppeara 
to bea person of great power during the whole of 
King Henry's reign, and after the aooevion of 
Richard L we find him one of the admirala in the 
expedition made by that monardi into the Holy 
Land. He was tubaequently governor of Cyprui: 
wlieoce he went without the king's permission to 
the aicge of Acox and there died. His lordsiiip left 
four sons and a daughter, via. 

1. GxBAU), his heir, who purchased from King 
Richard the custody of Linoofai Casde, and 
the province adjaoeat. This Gerald was a 
very powerftil feudal lord in the reign of 
Jotmt to which monarch he staunchly ad- 
hered. He m. Nidiola, eldest daughter and 
co-hetresfl of Richard de Haya, and left an 
only son and lieir, 
RicHABD, who fa. Bustachia, daughter and 
heiress of Gilbert Basset, and widow of 
Thomas de Vernon, and left an oolj 
daughter and hdress, 
iDow KA, who m. William, son of Wil- 
liam de Longspee, Earl of Salisbury. 
& Walter, left issue— 

Roger, who had an only daughter, 
Matilda, m. to Nigel de Mouliray, and 
died*. ^ 
PatnmiDa, m. to Ridiard Curson. 
JIatUda. m. to Thomas de Astky. 
Alicia, m. to Robert de.Esaeby. 
& Richard left issue— 
Rlduuid, died «. p. 

Isabdla, heireas of her brother, m. in the 
4th Richard L, Richard Haroourt, of Boa- 
worth, in the county of Leice s te r . 
WiBiam, with whom we shall proceed. 
Matikto. M. to Wffliam de Roa. 
WILLIAM DE CAMVILLE, the youngest son, 
■k Albiieda, daughter and hetress of Geoffrey Mar- 
I, and had isaa»- 
Gaorrnny, his successor. 
William, of Sekerton, in the county of War- 
wick, fiither of 
Thesnas, whose grandson. Sir Gerard de 
Camvilie, left a dnighter and heii 
Elisabeth, m. toRdbert Burdett. 
tor of the present Sir Francis Burdett, 
BarL 



4. 
A. 



Wililam de CamvlDe was «. by hia eldest son, 

GEOFFREY DB CAMVILLE, who, in the itd 
Edward 1. had summons to attend the king at 
Poftsmouth, with horse and arms, to embark in the 
SKpedlfinn then prooaedlng to Oaaoony; and was 
nihsfqwantly smnmonfd to pariiamcnt as Babon 
CAIITIX.1.B, t^ Oit^tan, in the wufOif </ an^gf^rd, 
from S3d June, 1900, to S9d February, 1307. His 
Ipcdslup m. Maud* daughter and hdrasaof Sir Guy 



de Bryan, by Eve, daughter and hofateti of Henry 
de Trad, and had an only chiU, 

William, hia successor. 
Hed. in 1300, seised of the tordshipa of Fvaymhig* 
ton, Bovey-Tvad, Nymet-Trad, BaiMCahlBb the 
fourth part of the manor of Toriton, and of the 
hamlet of Nlmet St. George, ea also of the lordship 
bf Clifton Camvilie, tai the county of Staflbrd, 
which he held by the service of three knights' Hmsi 
and which lordship and manors were holdan by hiaa 
(ea tenant by the co ur tesy of England), in right of 
Mattd,hLBwifa Hb teedahip was c by hia son, 

WILLIAM DE CAMVILLE, second baron, sum- 
moned to parliament 4th Maich, 1300^ and 10th 
June, 1311, but never afterwards. Of the issue of 
this nohlemaa there are diflbrent statsments. He 
d. however, without a son, when the Baboitt ow 
Camtillb Ml faito ABCTANca, aa it probably so 
rontinueSi 

One authority, BuRTOir, in hia Leicestershire, 
gives his lordship twodaughters, his co-heiresses, via. 
Maud, fN. to Sir Richard Staflbrd, of Pipe, in 
the county of Staflbtd, whoee son, 
Richard, was summoned to pariiamcnt aa 
Lord Staltord, of Clifton. 
Margery, tn. to Sir Richard Vernon, of Haddon, 
in the county of Derby. 
Another, Eanewic, the historian of Staflbrdshire, 
says, he liad but one daughter* 

Maud, who m. first, Ridiard Vernon, and 
secondly, Sir Richard Stafibrd. 
Wfaile a third authority. Dr. Vernon, rector of 
Bloomsbury, in an interleaved copy oi Brdswic, 
states, 

That William de CamviUe, of Cllfton-Camville, 
had issue five daughters and heirs, via. 

Maud, m. to Sir William Vernon, Knt, of 

Haddon, in the county of Derby. 
Isabella, tn. first, to Sir Richard Staflbrd, and 

secondly, to Gilbert de Bermingham. 
Eleanor,—— 

Nicfaola, m. to John St Clara 
Catherine, ai. to Robert Griealy. 
AaMa.— Vert three lions peasant ar. armed and 
languedgn. 

CANTILUPK-BARONSCANTILUPB. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 90th December, 1900^ 
90 Edward L 

ICincagf. 

WILLIAM DE CANTILUPE, the flnt of thia 
flunily upon record, served the ofllce ot Sheriff for 
the counties of Warwick and Leicester in the 3rd, 
4th, and Mh years of King John. In the neat year 
he was made governor of the castles of Hereford 
and Wilton, and he was subsequently sheriff of 
Herefordshire. In the 11th of the same reign, being 
dien the king's steward, he gave fonrty marks for the 
wardship of Egidia, Lady of Kilpeck, widow of 
WilUaro FIts-Warine, and in three years afterwarda* 
when the king was excommunicated by Pope lano- 
ccttt IIL, he remainei^ so folthfol as to become one 
of the v&onarch's chief counsellors. We find hhn, 
however, arrayed afterwards under the baronial 
beaner, and Joining in the invitation to Lewis of 

107 



CAP 



CAR 



But within the same year he retuned to 
the king, when he obtained granttof all the forfrited 
estates of Richard de Engaine and Vitalis de En- 
gaine, two leading barons in the insurrection ; and 
was appointed governor ot Kenilworth Castle, in 
the county of Warwiclc In the rdgn of Henry III. 
he continued attached to the cause of royalty and 
acquired immense possessions, in the shapeof grants 
from the crown of forfeited lands. He d. in 1S98, 
leaying live sons, via. - 

1. Wii«LiAM, his heir, also steward to the king, 
and a person of great power, m. MlUoent, 
daughter of Hugh de Ooumai, and widow of 
Almeric, Earl of Eureux, and had issue, 

William, who m. Eve, daughter and co- 
, ^ heiress of WiUiam Broose, Lord of Breck- 
.<'^ "^ nock and Abeigavenny* and in her right 
became possessed of that honour. He d. 
in the flower of his youth, leaving issue, 
George, who died ». p, 
MUioent, m. first, to John de Montalt, 
and secondly, to Eudo le Zoucbe, 
ftt>m which latter union descended 
^ r the Lords Zouche, of Haryngworth. 

^ " ■ Joan, m. to Henry de Hastings. 

Thomas, Bishop of Hereford, and in the 

34th Edward I., canoniaed. 
Julian, m. to Robert de Trqjoa. 

2. Walter, a priest, employed by King Henry as 
his agent to the court of Rome, afterwards 
Bishop of Worcester. 

a John, Lord of Snithfidd, in the county of 
Warwick, m. Margaret, daughter and heiress 
of WiUiam Cummin, of that place, and was 
«. by his son, 
John, who d. in the 17th Edward II., add 
was «. by his grand-daughter, 
Eleanor Cantilupe, whom. Sir Thomas 
- Wast, from which union lineally de- 
scend the ejrtunt E^arla of DniiAWAKjt , 
and Viscounts Caktilupx. 
4. Nicholas, of whom presently. 
& Thomas, elected lord chancellor of England, 
by the barons in the 40th Henry III. 
NICHOLAS DE CANTILUPE, the fourth son, 
m. Eustachia, sister, and eventual beireas, of Hugh 
FIta-Ralph. Lord of Oresriey, in the county of 
Nottingham, and waa «. by his son. 



neither that personage nor his sons, Nicholasand Wil- 
liam, both of whom died«.p., were ever summoned 
to parliament, or deemed barons of the realm. 

Arms.— Ou. three leopards' heads inverted, jea- 
sant three fleurs de lis or. 

CAPEL-BARON CAPEL OF TEWKS- 
BURY, IN THE COUNTY 
OF GLOUCESTER. 

By Letters Patent, dated 11th April, 1092. 

Xincagc. 

SIR HENRY CAPEL, K.B., second son of 
Arthur, first Baron Capel, of Hadham, in the county 
of Hertford, and brother of Arthur, first Earl of 
Essex, having distinguished himself as a leading 
and doquent member of the House of Commons, 
was elevated to the peerage on the 11th April, 1098, 
as Baron Capbl, tf Tewktbuiy. His lordship m. 
Dorothy, daughter of Richard Bennet, Esq., of 
Kew, in the county of Surrey, and niece of Sir 
Richard Bennet, Bart., of Babraham, in Cambridge- 
shire, but had no issue. Lord Capel was one of the 
Lords Justices of Ireland, upon the recal of Lord 
Sydney, in 1098, and died Lord Libutsnant of 
that kingdom, at the castle of Dublin, 30th May* 
1698. His lordship was buried at Hadham, where 
an inscription sUtes, that he was of the privy 
council to King Charles II., one of the lords of the 
treasury, and of the privy council to King WiUiam. 
At his lordship's decease the Barony or Capel, 
of Tewksbury, became rztinct. 

Arms.— Gu. a lion rampant, betw. three cross 
crosslets fitchy, or. with due diflierence. 

CAREW — BARON CAREW, OF 
CLOPTON, IN THE COUN- 
TY OF WARWICK. EARL 
PF TOTNESS. 



h"-*— ^-'•{^rr.r- 



Barony, 
Earldom, 

XincBSc. 

Of this family, one of great antiquity In the Wes- 
tern parts of England, and which derived its surname 
originally from Carew Castle, in the county of Pem- 
broke, was, 

SIR GEORGE CAREW, Knt, who was 



,Ciq>tain of the Tower of Ruysbanke, at Calais, in 



ocnngnam, ana waa «. oy nis son, ^mpimin oi ine rower or Huysoanae, si i-auus, m 

WILLIAM DE CANTILUPE, who having dis-- KfSe 31st of Henry VIII., which command Sir John 



tinguished Mma^in the French and Scottish wars 
of King Edward L, was summoned to parliament, 
as Baron Cantilupb, from 89th December, 1S99, 
to6th August, 1308. His lordship d. in thefoUow- 
ing year, and was «. by his elder son, 

WILLIAM DE CANTILUPE, seoond Baron, 
but never summoned to parliament. This noble- 
man dying without issue, was s. by his brother, 

SIR NICHOLAS DE CANTILUPE, third Ba- 
ron. This nobleman served in the Flemish and 
Scottish wars of Edward III. and had summons to 
parliament, from Sftrd April, 1337, to I3th March^ 
1394. His lordship d. in 1365, seised of the manor 
of Eselburgh, in the county ef Buckingham : Ilkes- 
ton, In the county of Derby : Greseley, in Not- 
tinghamshire ; and Livington and others, in the 
county of Lincoln, and leaving a son, William, but 
IW 



Pecche and Sir Nicholas Carew formerly held. From 
this Sir George Carew descended another 
V GEORGE CAREW, who, being a churchman, 
was, first, archdeacon of Totness, in the county ot 
Devon; next, dean of Bristol, and diief chanter 
ia the cathedral of Salisbury; afterwards dean of 
the king's chapel, and dean of Christ Church, Ox- 
ford; lastly dean of Exeter and Windaor. This 
very reverend personage married Anne, daughter of 
Sir Nidiolas Harvey, Knt., and had with other issue, 
GEORGE CAREW, who adopting the profession 
of arms, was In the expedition to Cadis, in the 30th 
of Elisabeth, and afterwards served with great repu- 
tation in Ireland. In which kingdom be was rostile 
President of Munster, when uniting his forces with 
those of the Earl of Thomond, he reduced several 
castles, and other strong places, obt^aed many 



( u/k^diXti ffi^ ) 






^ ^ 



n 






CAR 



CAR 



Criumplu oTcr th« rebebt and brought tha Earl of 
OeoDODd to triaL He wasliktwiaeapilTyoouncU- 
lor in Irelaad* and matter of tbe ordnancei Upon 
the acCTMion of King Jamea I., he was ootatituted 
g ov c fuo r of the lale of Guamiey, and having mar- 
ried Jofoi^ only daughter and heireM of William 
Cloptoo, Eeq., of Clopton« in the coiuty of War> 
vick, he was eierated to the peerage, on the 4th 
June* 1005, as Baron CwrmD,9f Clapton, After which, 
he was made master of the ordnance fat Ufe, and 
sworn of the privy council \ and, in the 1st year of 
King Charles I., created Earx. or ToTMxaa. ** Be- 
sides," says Dugdale, ** these, his noUe employ- 
ments, tis not a little observable, that being a great 
lover of antiquities, he wrote an historical account 
of all those memorable passages, which hapned in 
Irdand, during the term of those three years, he 
continued there, intituled Hiberrda Foeala, printed 
at London, in 1633, and that he made an ample col- 
lection of many dironological and dioioe observa- 
tions, as also of divers exact maps, rdating to sun- 
dry parts of that realm. Some whereof are now in 
the public library at Oxford, but most of them in 
the hands of Sir Robert Shirley, Bart., of Stanton 
Harold, in the county of Leicester, bought of his 
eoMCtttnTB.** His lordship d. 27th March, 1029, at 
the Savoy in the Strand, ** in the suburbs of Lon- 
don,** leaving an only daughter and heiress. 

Lady Axnx Cakbw, who married first, 

Wilford, Esq., of Kent, and secondly. Sir 

Allen Apsky. 
The earl dying thus, without legitimate male issue, 
all his honours became xzTiircT. 
ABJi8«— Or. three lions passant, sa. 

CAREY — BARONS HUNSDON, 

VISCOUNTS ROCHFORT, 
EARLS OF DOVER. 



::■}"■ 



f I3th January, IMH 



'^**"-{ 6th January, MBl 
rtaxt, ^ 3^^ March, 1028. 



Barony, 

Viscounty, 

Earldomi 

Xliu&gc. 

This finnUy had their residence, andcntiy, at 
€)odcington, in the county of Devon, and of that 



SIR JOHN CAREY, Knt, one of the barons 
of the exchequer, temp. Richard 11. Sir John m. 
flnt, , and secondly, Margaret, daughter of 

William HolweU, of HohveU, in the county of 
Devon, and widow of Sir Guy de Brian, by whom 
he had issue, John, Bishop or ExxTan, anno 
1419, and sn eider son, his heir, 

SIR ROBERT CAREY, Knt, a person so va- 
kmnis and soskilAU in arms, that few presumed to 
enter the lisU with him. Amongst his other exploits, 
is recorded his triumph over an AraAooiciak 
knight, in Smithfldd; upon which occasion he 
was knighted, and allowed to adopt the arms of 
his vanquished rival— namely, «* Three roeee on a 
hemd," Sir Robert m. Margaret, daughter of Sir 
Philip Conrtenay, of Powderham, in the county of 
Devon, and was «. by his son, 

PHILIP CAREY, Esq., of Cockington, who m. 
Christian, daughter of Richard Orchard, Esq.* and 



■^^ 



SIR WILLIAM CAREY, Knt., an eminent Lan- 
castrian, who, upon the issue of the battle of 
Tewkesbury, 10th Edward IV., fled to a church for 
sanctuary, but was brought Ibrth, under a promise 
of pardon, and bdieaded. Sir William m. first, 
Anne, daughter of Sir William Paulet, Knt., and 
ftom that marriage, descended the Careys, who 
continued at Cockington. He m. secondly, Alice, 
daughter of Sir Baldwin Pulford, Knt., and had aeon, 
THOMAS CAREY, Esq., who m. Margaret, 
seeond daughter and co-heiress of Sir Robert Spen- 
cer, by Eleanor his wife, daughter of Edmund 
Beaufort, Dulie of Somerset, by whom he had two 
eons, via.— 

JoHK, (Sir) who m. ' , sister of Anthony 

Denny, Knt, and left issue, 

EowAmn, (Sir) m. Catherine, daughter of 

Sir Henry Knevet, and widow of Henry, 

Lord Paget, by wl)om he had 

H B!f a Y, created ViacouiiT PALKtAwo, 

in the peerage of Scotland, a dignity 

still XXTAMT. 

William, . 

The younger son, 

WILLIAM CAREY, an esquiie of the body to 
King Henry VIII., and a favourite of that monarch, 
m. Lady Mary Boleyne, daughter of Thomme, Eabl 
OF W1J.T8HIRX, and sister of the unfortunate 
Queen, Awm a Boi.nvHB, and had Issue, 
HBKav. 

Catherine, m. to Sir Francis KnoUes, K.O. 
He<(. in 1528, being then of the bedchamber to the 
king, and was s. by his son, 

HENRY CAREY, who, soon after the accession 
of his first cousin, QuxBir Elisabbth, to the 
throne, received the honour of luiighthood, and 
upon the 13th January following, (anno lAfiO,) was 
devated to the peerage, by letters patent, as Baboit 
HuwaooM, with a grant of the mansion of Huna- 
don, in the county of Hertford, and a pension of 
£4000 a year. In the ffth of Elisabeth, his lordship 
was sent with the order of the garter to the King 
of France, then at Lyons ; and in five yeers after- 
wards, being governor of Berwick, he drove the 
insurrectionary Earls ot Northumberland and West- 
moreland, into Scotland 1 the former of whom he 
subsequently got into his hands, and had beheaded 
at York. In the 29th of Elisabeth, Lord Hunsdon 
was appointed gsneral warden of the Marches, 
towards Scotland, and lord chamberlain of the 
housAold. In lfi88, the memorable year ot the 
menaced Spanish invasion, his lordship had the 
protection of the queen's person. In the camp at 
Tilbury, and the mmmsnd of the army for that 
purpose^ He was likewise captain of the pensioners, 
and a Kwioiit of tha Oabtbb. He m. Anne, 
daughter of Sir Thcnnas Morgan, Knt, and had issue, 
Gbobob, his successor. 
John. 

Edmund, who was knitted for his valour, by 
the Earl of Leicester, In U87. Sir Edmund 
m. Mary, daughter and heiress of Christopher 
Crocker, Esq.r of Croft, in the county of 
Lincoln, by whom he had three stms, and 
two daughters, and was «. by the ddest son, 
RoBBBT, (Sir) a captain of hofse, under 



CAR 



CAR 



Hontio, Lord Vera of Tilbury, in the 
NetherlaiHia, m. Alletta, daughter of 
Mynheer Hogenhove, eecretary to the 
State* General, by whom he had three 
•onsp Horatio, EmestuB, and Ferdinand, 
and was «. by the eldest, 
HoEATio, captain . of hone in the ler^ 
▼ice of King Charlee I., m. PetronUla, 
daughter of Robert Conyeri, Esq., 
and was fisther of 
RoBBRTf of whom hereafter, as 
sixth Loan HuNSOOir. 
RoBBRT, created Eari. or Monjiouth, (see 

that dignity). 
Catherine, m. to Charles Howard, Kxhi* ow 

NorriHOHAM. 
Philadelphia, m. to Thomas, Lord Scrope. 
Margaret, m. to Sir Edward Hoby, Knt. 
His lordship d. at Somerset House, S3rd July, 1996, 
and the iUnew which occasioned his death, is said 
to have arisen fhnn disappointed ambition, in never 
having been able to attain the dignity of Eari« op 
WiLTsniRB. Fuller, in his Worthies of England, 
rdates, that, <* when he lay on his death-bed, the 
queengavehim a gracious vimt, causing a patent for 
the said earldom to be drawn, his robes to be nuule, 
and both to be laid on his bed; but this lord, (who 
could not dissemble, neither weU nor side,) replied, 
* Jfodam, teeitig yoM counted me not toorO^ tf Mi« 
/bofiour, tcAUe 1 toot living, I count m/foelfumoorth^ 
«ifit, now I am difimgr 

Sir Robert Naunton, In •• Fragraenta Regalia,** 
thus characterises the llxst Lend Hunsdon : *• My 
Lord of Hunsdon was one of the queen's nearest 
kindred, and on the decease of Suasea, both he and 
his son took the place of lord chamberlain; he was 
a fsst man to his prince, and firm to his friends and 
servants; and though he mi|^t speak big, and 
there f ore would be borne out, yet was he not the 
more dreadful, but Icm hannftil; and far from the 
practice of my Lord of Leicester's instruction : for 
he was downright. And I have heard those that 
both knew him wdl, and had interest in him, say 
merrily of him, that his Latin and his dissimula- 
tion were both alike; and that his custom of 
swearing and obscenity in speaking, made him seem 
a wone christian than he was, and a better knight 
of the carpet than he should beu As he lived in a 
ruffling time, so he loved sword and buckler men, 
and such as our forefathers were wont to call men 
of their hands: of whidi sort, he had many brave 
men that followed him, yet not taken for a popular 
or dangerous person. And this is one that stood 
among the Togati of an honest stout heart, and 
siuch a one as (upon occasion,) would have ftmght 
for his prince and his country." 
Hislonrdahip was#. by his eldest son, 

GEORGE CAREY, seeond Baraa Himsrioii, who 
had been educated for the public service, ikom his 
earliest youth, and obtained in the lifttime of his 
fiUher, the honour at knighthood, for his distin- 
guished conduct in the expedition made into Soot- 
famd, in the 13th of Elisabeth, under the Elurl of 
Sussex. Sir George succeeded his fkthcr as captain 
of the band of pensionen, and was soon afterwards 
made loid duunbcdalu, and • KmeaT of the 
110 



Oahtsr. His lordship mu EUaabeth, daughter 
of Sir John Spenosr, of Althorp, Knt., by whom he 
had an only daughter and heiress, 

Elisabeth, who m. Sir Thomas Berkeley. Knt, 
son and heir of Henry, Lord Berkeley. 
He d. 9th September, 1603, and leaving no male 
issue, the peerage devcrtved upon his brother, 

SIR JOHN CAREY, Kmt., warden of the East 
Marches, towards Scotland, as third Barow Huna- 
now. His lordship m. Mary, daughter of Leonard 
Hyde, Esq., of Throgkyn, in the county of Hert- 
ford, by whom he had issue, 
Hbitry, his successor. 
Charles. 
Anne, m. to Sir Francis Lovell, Knt, of East 

Harlyng, in the county of Norfolk. 
Blanch, m. to Sir Thomas Woodhouse, Knt, 
of Kymberky, in the same shire. 
He died in April, 1617. and was «. by his eldest son, 
HENRY CAREY, fourth Baron Hunsdon, who 
was advanced, on the 6th June, t&Sl, to the Vio- 
countp ^ Jbtehfiird, and created, 8th Hay, ie27> 
Eari. or DovRR. His lordship m. Judith, daugh- 
ter of Sir Thomas Pelham, Bart, ot Loughton, in 
the county of Sussex, by whom he had issue, 

John, Viacount Boe^ford, who was made a 
knight of the Bath at the coronation of King 
Charles L 

Pelham, 1 . ^. ., . 
George, j both died s. p. 

Mary, m. to Sir Thomas Wharton, K.B., brother 

of Lord Wharton. 
Judith, d, unmarried. 
Philadelphia. 
His lordship d, in 1668, and was «. by his eldest son, 
JOHN CAREY, second Earl ow Dovxr, and 
fifth Barvn Hunodon, This nobleman m. first. Lady 
Dorothy St John, daughter of Otioor, Earj. or 
BoLiwoBROKX, by whom he had no issue. His 
lordship m. secondly, Abigail, daughter of alder- 
man Sir William Cokayne, Knt, of the city of 
London, by whom he had an only daughter, 

Mary, m. to William Hevenkigham, Esq., of 
Hevenlngham, in the county of Suasex. by 
whom she had* 
Sir William Hevenlngham, Knt 
Abigail, fM. to John, son and heir of Sir 
John Newton, Bart 
He d. in 1677. and leaving thus no male issue, the 
FiMMftt<y <tf Raek/ord and Earldom or Dovbr 
RxriRBD, while the Baromt or Huiibdoh reverted 
to his lordship's kinsman, 

SIR ROBERT CAREY, KxT., (revert to de- 
scendants of the Hon. Sir Edmnnd Carey, third son 
of theflrstlord,) m sixth Baron Hunsdon. His 
lordship ta. Margaret, daughter of Sir Gervaae Clif- 
ton, Bart, and widow of Sir John South, Knt» 
but dying in IflBS, without issue, the title devolved 
upon (the son of his uncle Kmestus,) his cousin, 

ROBERT CAREY, as ooventh Barom Hnnodom, 
who, at the tfane of his succession, was said to pur- 
sue the humUe avocation of a mmmmt. His lordship 
d, unmarried in September, 1709, when the title de- 
volved upon (the grandson of Colonel Ferdinand 
Carey, uncle of the last kwd,) his ooushi, 
WILLIAM FERDINAND CAREY, is etgUh 



CAR 



CAR 



Tlilt nolieman wm 6. in HoDmdt 
Um aon of William Camj and Ocrtnide Van Out- 
toorn, but being naturaliaed in 1690, he inherited 
the boooun of bit ftmily, and took his teat in the 
HouM of Peen on the 1st Mardi, 1708. His lord- 
ship m. Qnee, daughter of Sir Edward Waldo, Knt., 
■ad relict of Sir Nicholas Wobtenhotane, Bart, but 
dying without issue, in 1765, the Babojtt or Huwa- 
noM became bxtinct. 

ABMaw— Arg. on a bend sa. three roees ot the fidd 
barbed and seeded ppr., a crescent for dijfcrcnosb 



CAREY— BARONS CAREY, OF LEP- 
PINGTON, IN THE COUN- 
TY OF YORK. EARLS OF 
MONMOUTH. 

By Lcttcn Patent, dated 5th February, lflB6L 

Xincasc. 

The Hcmonrable 

ROBERT CAREY, fburth son of Henry, first 
Loan Himanoir, was elevated to the peerage by 
King James L, by letters patent, dated &th Feb., 
I6M, m Baron Oerdy, of Leppington, in the county 
of Yorlc, and Bari. of Movmoutb. This eminent 
pcnoq, whose memoirs, written by himsrif, were 
published by Johm, Karl or Conn amd Orrbry, 
in 17flB, was b. sbout 1S60. At the age of seventeen 
be accompa ni ed Sir Tliomas Leighton in his em- 
bassies to the States general, and to Don John of 
Auatria: and he soon afterwards went with Secre- 
tary WaUngliam into Scotland, where he appeers to 
have insinuated bimsrif into the good graces of 
James, the future king of England. He was on 
board the fleet in IMS, at the destruction of the 
Armada, end he states, ** that he won a wsger of 
two thousand pounds the next year by going on foot 
In twdve days to Berwick." «* After this," goes on 
r, «* I married a g e ntl ew om an, Elisabeth, 
of Sir Hugh Treranion, more for her 
thBnhar«MsM», for her estate was but £M0. 
a year Jointure^ She had between £aOOi and £eO(k 
In her purse. Neither did she marry me for any 
great wealth ; for I had in all the world but £loa 
a year out of the Exchequer, as a pensiott, and that 
was but Shiring pleaeurei and I was near £1,000. in 
debt. Besides, the queen was mightily displeesed 
with me for marrying, and most of my best Mends, 
only my Crther was no ways oMnded at it, which 
ganra me great eontent.** The tide of fortune, 
wUcfa he took in the spring, was the oppor- 
tunity aflbrded him by the fiuaiUar intercourse 
with whidi his kinswoman. Queen Elisabeth, 
f oni1es< wudgd to treat him, of being the first to 
announce her mi^iesty's decease to her fbcoessor. 
Visiting her (he says,) In her last iUneei, snd pray- 
ing that her health might amend, she took him by 
the hand, and wringing it hard, replied, ** No, 
Robin, I am not wdl,** end fet^lng at tha same 
tima no fower than forty or fifty sighs, whkh he 
dedans, except for the death of If ary of Scotland, 
ha never in her whole Ufo knew her to do before. 
By tlMsse sighs the wily pdUtidan Judged her ma- 
jesty was near her dissohitioD, and with great 



candour he 
wlwea 



proceeds, ** I could not but think in 
state I dMmld be left, moet of my 



liTellliood depending on her lil^ And hereupon I 
bethought myself with what grace snd favour I was 
ever received of the King of Scots whensoever I wee 
sent to him." Upon the decease of the queen, 
Carey immediately proceeded to Scotland, and was 
the first person to announce to King James his 
accession to the crown of England, producing and 
presenting to his miO^ty, In proof of hto veradty, a 
certain blue ring.* The king received him, of course, 
most gradouily, and observed, ** I know you have 
lost a near kinswoman, and a mistress, but t^ke 
here my hand, I will be agood master to you, and 
will requite this service with honour and reward.** 
Notwithstanding this royal pledge, however, full 
nineteen years fispsail before he attained the peer- 
age, and In his Memoirs he observes, ** I only r*. 
lied on Ood and the king. The one never left W, 
the other, shortly after his coming to London, de- 
ceived my expectations, and adhered to those who 
sought my ruin.** His lordship had issue by the 
lady already mentioned, 

Hbwry, bis successor, made a Knight of the 
Bath at the creation of Charles, Prince of 
of Wales, anno 1610. 
Thomas, one of the grooms of the bedchamber 
to King Charles L, and amongst that unfor- 
tunate monarch's most fkithfttl servants I so 
faithful and attached, indeed, that, upon the 
execution of his royal master, he fell sick 
of grief, and died about the year 1648, in the 
33d year of his age. The Hon. Thomas Carey 
obtidned cdebrlty as a poet, and his remains 
repose in Westminster Abbey. He left an 
only daughter, 
Elisabeth, who m. John Mordaunt, who was 
created VUeount Monknmt, of Aveloo, and 
left a son, 
Charlrs, creited Earl or Moir- 

MOUTH. 

Philadelphia, m. to Sir Thomas Wharton, Kiit, 
His lordship d. in 1699, and was «. by his elder son, 

HENRY CAREY, second jgar/ttTJfonfNouM. This 
nobleman, according to Anthony Wood, was noted, 
upon succeeding to his father's honours, «« as a person 
well skilled In the modem languages, and a gener- 
ous scholar ; the fruit whereof he found in the trou- 



• Blob Rtwo.*— The account of the M«m ring 
which Ledy Elisabeth Spelman (daughter of Martha 
Countess of Middleton, who was daughter of the sa* 
cond earl of Monmouth, and grand-daughter of the 
nobleman to whom the anecdote refers), gave to 
Lord Cork, was this t— King James kept a constant 
correspondence with several persons of the English 
court for many years prior to Queen Elisabeth's da* 
eeese; among others, with Lady Scroope, (sister of 
this Robert Cerey, )to whom his mi^esty sent, by 
Sir James Fullerton, a sapphire ring, with poeidve 
orders to return it to him, by a special messen- 
ger, es soon es the queen actually expired. Lady 
Scroope had no opportunity of delivering it to her 
brother Robert whilst he was In the pakoe of Rich- 
mond I but waiting at the window till she eaw him 
at the outside of the gate, she threw it out to him, 
and he wall knew to what purpose he lecelTed it. 

BAMice. 
Ill 



CAR 



CAR 



blesome timte ot the rebellioD, when, by a forced 
retirednett, he was capacitated to ekerdae hinurif in 
studies, while others of the nobility were fain to 
truckle to their inferiors for company's sake." He 
wrote much; but, as Walpole observes, *• we have 
acarce any thing of his own composition, and are 
M little acquainted with his character as with his 
genius." His lordship m. Lady Martha Cranfleld, 
daughter of the lord treasurer, LUmel, Earl of Mid-, 
dieses, by whom he had issue— 

LioNBL, who fell in the ranks of the royalists 
at Marston-Moor, in 1644, and d. unmarried. 

Henry, died in the small-pox, in 1641, also un- 
married. 

Anne, m. to James Hamilton, Earl of Clambra- 
sll, in the peerage of Ireland. 

Philaddphia, d. immarried. 

EUaabeth-Mary, m. William, Earl of Desmond. 

Trevaniana, d. unmarried. 

Martha, m. to John, Earl of Middleton, in Scot- 
land. 

Magdalen, j 

His lordship d. 13th June, 1661, and leaving no male 
Issue, the barony «/ Ckirsjf «/ Lepplngton and the 
BARLDOM or MoNMOUTH became sxtinct. 

Anna,— Ax. on a bend sa. three roses of the field, 
a crescent for difllBrence. 

CARLTON— BARON CARLTON OF 
IMBERCOURT, IN THE 
COUNTY OF SURREY, 
VISCOUNT DORCHESTER. 



TheophiU, i^ unmarried. 



Barony, 
Viscounty 



.} 



by Letters / SSnd May, ie8& 
Patent, t Sftth July, lOSa 

Xincagc. 



SIR DUDLEY CARLTON, Kwt., son of An- 
thony Carlton, of Baldwin Brightwell, in the county 
of Oxford, b, 10th March, 1573, having been em- 
ployed, for a scries of years, as ambassador to 
Venice, Savoy, and the Low Countries, was elevated 
to the peerage on the 92nd May, 1628, as BAiu>ir 
Cari^ton, <^f Imbereourt, in tht eo«n<y cfSumy, 
and in two years afterwards created Vibcount Dob- 
CHBBTBBt in which year he was constituted one of 
his majesty's principal Secretaries of StatSk His 
lordship m.. first, Anne^ daughter and co-heiress of 
Geoige Gerard, Esq., second son of Sir William 
Gerard, Knt., of Dogney, in the county of Bucks, 
by whom he had a son, Hbnrt, who A young. He 
espoused secondly, Anne, daughter of Sir Henry 
Glemham, Knt, and widow of Paul, Viscount Bayn- 
ing, which lady survived him, and gave birth to a 
posthumous child, Frances, who <t. young. Lord 
Dorchester, whose negotiations have been pub- 
lished, had the reputation of bung an able diplo- 
matist, and a polished stetesman. Hewasmasterof 
diflhrent languages, and a good ancient and modem 
historian. He composed some pieces, which are 
noticed by Walpole, and was cateemed a graceful 
and eloquent speaker. He d. in 1631, end his ho- 
noun, in deliuilt of male issue, became bxtibct. 

ABM8.— Ar. on B Ijend, sb. three miMcles of the 
first 
IM 



CARR— VISCOUNT ROCHESTER, 
EARL OF SOMERSET. 

Viscounty, \ by Letters f SSth March, 161 1. 
Earldom, &c j Patent, \ 3rd Nov., 1613^ 

Xincagc. 

SIR ROBERT CARR, K.B., of the ancient 
House of Femihurst, in Scotland, and half brother 
of Andrew, first Lord Jedburgh, having ingratiated 
hlmsdf into the favour of King James I., was ap- 
pointed, upon the decease of George, Lord Dunbar, 
treasurer of Scotland, and elevated to the peerage, 
as Viscouirr Rochbbtxb, on the 26th March, 1611. 
In the May following his lordship was installed a 
knight of the Garter, and created, on the 3rd No- 
vember, 1613, Baron Carr, of Branspeth, in the 
bishopric of Durham, and Earl of Sombrbbt, 
ba ring also nominated lord chamberlain of the 
household, and sworn of the privy counciL At 
this time the earl was esteemed the first favorite of 
the court '« But having," says Dugdale, «* thus 
seen his rise, let us now behold his fall, which i 
shall briefly here rdate, with the occasion and chief 
circumstances thereof, from the report of the most 
Rev. Dr. Spotswood, late Archbishop of St An« 
draw's in Scotland.** 

«* This earl falling in love with the Lady Frances 
Howard, daughter of Thomas, Earl of Suffolk, 
(wife to Robert, Earl of Essex, from whom she had 
procured a divoite,) having formerly received into 
his intimBte fiuniliarity a knight of excellent parts, 
called Sir Thomas Overburie, was frequently by 
him dissuaded fkom her company, which bdng dis- 
cerned by Overburie, and that, notwithstanding 
what had been said, he had a purpose to marry herf 
he so fiur presumed upon the friendly freedom which 
he had otherwise given him, to press him more 
earnestly to forbear her. And one night, dealing 
more pbdnly with him, said to this efibct, ' My lord, 
I perceive you are proceeding In this match, from 
which I have often dissuaded you, as your true aer* 
vant and friend : I now again advise you not to 
marry that woman, for if you do, you shall mine 
your honour and yourself,* adding, * that, if he 
went on in that business, he should do well to look 
to his standing.* Which free speech, this Earl tak- 
ing impatiently, because he had touched the lady in 
her honour i replied in passion, < That his l^gs 
were strong enough to bear him up, and that he 
should make him repent those speeches.' But 
Overburie, interpreting this to be only a sudd«n 
passion, thought not that their kng continued 
friendship would break off by this occasion, and 
therefore continued his wonted attendance; neither 
did this earl wholly abandon him. Howbeit, having 
discovered his words to the hidy, she never ceased, 
but by all means sought his overthrow. It happen- 
ing therefoie, about thU Ume. that Overburie being 
designed for ambassador into Russia, this earl 
(whose counsel he asked,) advised him torefUse the 
service, but to make some fklr excuse. Which ad- 
vice he foUowed, supposing that it did proceed of 
kindness; but for his refusal he was committed to 
the Tower. The lady thus having him where she 
wished, and resolving to dispatch him by poison, 
wrought so with Sir Gervase Elways, thm l|e^* 



CAB 



CAR 



taunt «r tte Tower* m tli«t he admitleA om 
Richard WeftoB» upon har x«comniindjttion» to be 
hie keeper, by whom (the very evening aitm he wee 
to committed,) e yellow poison wee mlniatered to 
him in e broth, et ropper. But neither this nor the 
other polMini, which were eantinuelly put into hie 
meets, serring to deipetdi Urn, MittMM Turner (the 
pieparer of ell.) procured en apothecery's boy, to 
five him e poisoned clyster, which aoon brought him 
tohiscnd. Being thus dead, he was presently buried i 
a general rumour, however, prevailed, tiwt he had 
died by pcdion, but the greatneu of the procurers 
kept all hidden for a time, UU at length it pleesed 
God to bring everything to light, after a miraculous 
manner. It happened that the Earl of Shrewsbury, 
in o on fa ence with e oounseUcn' of state, recom- 
mended the lieutenant of the Tower to his fSsvoor, 
as e man of good parts, and one who desired to be 
known to him. The counsellor answered, that he 
took it ae a fsvour ftom the lieutenant that he 
shouki desire his fdendahip, but added, that there 
lay upon him an heavy Imputation for Overburiers 
death, whereof he wisht that the gentleman shouM 
dear himsel£ Which being related to the lieutenant, 
he was stricken with it, and said, to his Khowledge 
some attempts were made against Overburie, but 
that Ike same took no eflbct. Which being toU to the 
king, he willed the counsellor to move the lieutenant 
to set down in writing what he knew of that matter, 
es he accordingly did. Whereupon certain of the 
council were eppointed to examine and find out the 
truth. Prom Weston somewhat being ftmnd, he 
was made prisoner. Turner and Frsnklyn, the pre* 
parers of the poison, being examined, confessed 
every thing i whereupcm, all breaking forth, this 
earl and his lady, m also the lieutenant, were com- 
mitted. But Weston at his first srraignvient stood 
mute^ yet afterwards was Indueed to put himself on 
the trial of his country, and being found guilty, suf- 
fiered death at Tybnme. MisticssTumer and James 
Franklynwerein likesort executed. TheUeutenent, 
who had winked at their doings, being Judged acoes- 
aery to the crime, and condemned, suflbred death 
also, expressing great penltency. And in May fol- 
lowfaig. this earl and his lady were both brought to 
their trial, though, by their friends, laboured eer- 
nestly toeschew it. But King Jamps would not- be 
intieeted, for the love he had to nuintein justice. 
Thoroes, Ixard EUesmere, at that time Lord Chan- 
cellor of Enghmd, was, by commissian, constituted 
High Steward for that occasion, having ft» his 
assistanto. Sir Edward Coke, Knt., Lord Chief Jus- 
tice of the court of King'e Bench, Sir Henry Hobert, 
Knt. Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, Sir 
Laurence Tanfldd, Knt,, Lord Chief Baron of the 
Exchequer. Justice Alured, one of the bexoiia of the 
Bxchetfuer, Crook, Dodderldge, and Haughton.jus- 
tices of the King's Bench, and Nichols, of the court 
c»f Common Pleas. Thepeers by whom they were 
tried being the Eari. of Wokcsernn. kwd privy 
seal, the Eabi. of Psmbboks, lord chamberlain, 
the Bails of RuTLAim, Svaaxz, HnaTPomn, and 
MowTooMBBin, the Viscount L'Isle, the Lord 
Zouch, warden of the cbique ports, the Lord WU- 
hmghby of Breeby, the Lord Decree, the Lord Mont-> 
eegle, the Lord Wentwo^, the Lord Riph, the 



Lord WiUoughhy of Parham, the Lord Hunsdon, 
the Lord Russel, the Lord Compton, the Lords Nor* 
rls, Gerard, Cavendish, and Dormer. With the 
lady there wesmuch ado i she, with meny teers, con- 
fesdng the liKt, end deelrliV mercy. But this earl, 
being the next day preeented, made eonse deteceb 
which eerved no purpoeei for the mn^beslnns of 
those who had suflbred death already for the feet* 
and a letter which he himself had sent to the klqg^ 
did so clearly convict him of being at least an acces 
sary, that both himself and his lady had sentence of 
death p assed upon them. Neverthelees, throu^ 
his mi^esty's great demency, their lives were sper- 
ed.** The event proved, however, miserable to both 
these guilty persons, ending in a total seperation* 
and hatred of each other. The abandoned counteei 
died 83rd August, 1698. The earl, who was released 
from the Tower In 16B1, but afterwards mnflned 
to the house of Viscount WalUpgford« died in July, 
194ft, leaving an only daughter, 

Awes, who m. WUham. titth Earl of Bedford. 

and was mother of the illustrious patriot. 

William, Loan RuaaxLU The Countess of 

Bedford was as distinguished for purity as 

her unhappy mother had been f<ir the reverse^ 

Upon his lordship's deosese the VimmuUM «/ JtocA- 

ds/e and babuioii or SosmnanT became kxtiwct. 

Abmb.— Gu. on a chevron, ar. three mullets, sa. 

in the dexter pert of the escutcheon, a lion passant 

guardantor. 

CARTERET— BARONS CARTERET, 
OF HAWNES, IN THE 
COUNTY OF BEDFORD, 
VISCOUNTS CARTERET, 
EARLS GRANVILLE. 

Barony, 1 By Letters/ 18th October, 1681. 

Berldom, &e. j Patent, \ 1st Jenuary, 1714. 

This Aunily derived their surname f^om the seig- 
niory of Carteret, in Normandy, of which they were 
formerly lords. 

REGINALD DE CARTERET, Lord of Carte- 
ret, Ac., in the last years of King Henry II., enno 
1180. forfeited his lands in Normandy by his adhe- 
slon to the crown of Shigland, when the duchy was 
delivered up to the French in 1904, and dying in 
three years afterwards, was «, by his ion, 

PHILIP DE CARTERET, who being with King 
Henry III. In his expedition into Britanny, in the 
16th yeer of that monarch's reign, was the next 
year constituted, with Ameuld de St Amand, go. 
vemor of Jeriey, Guernsey, Aldemey, end Sark. 
This Philip was «. by his son, 

PHILIP DE CARTERET, who was styled Lord 
St Oven, in Jersey, in the yeer 1880. and was «. by 
bis son, 

REGINALD DE CARTERET, who obtained 
horn King Edward I., in consideration of his mili- 
tary services, a grant of the manor of Melesches, in 
the Isle of Jersey, which he left to his second son. 
Sir John de Carteret He was «. at hb decease by 
his ddest son, 

SIR PHILIP DE CARTERET, Loid of St 
Ovsn, temp. Edward IL, who was«. by his son, 
9 .>!» 



CAR 



CAR 



REGINALD DB CARTERET. This feudia 
lord, by hi« prudence and valour, preserved the 
Island of Jersey fVom faUing into the hands of the 
French in the year 1374. when Bertrand du GuescUn, 
constable of France, famous for his many victories 
over the English, past suddenly from Bretagne into 
Jersey, with an army of ten thousand men, wheran 
were the Duke of Bourbon, and the flower of the 
French chivalry. At that time this Reginald de 
Carteret secured Mount Orgueil Castle, and de- 
fended it so bravely, that after many violent assaults 
the constable withdrew his forces, leaving many of 
his best soldiers dead under the walk. For this 
great achievement, Reginald and his seven sons were 
all knighted by King Edward III. in one day. From 
this gallant personage we pass to his descendant, 

SIR PHILIP CARTERET, who undertook, in 
the reign of Elisabeth, to plant such a colony in the 
Island of Sark, as should keep out the French, and 
he accordingly enlarged the settlement, and thereby 
improved his own estate. He m. Rachad, daughter 
and heir of Sir George Paulet, son and heir of Lord 
Thomas Paulet, of Cosslngton in the county of 
Somerset, second son of William, Marquess of Win- 
chester, and had, with other issue, 

Philip, (Sir,) his successor, who m. Anne, 

daughter of Sir Francis Dowse, KnL, of 

Wallop, In the county of Southampton, and 

was «. by his eldest son, 

Philip, in the seigniory of St. Oven, m. 

Anne, daughter of Dumasque, Esq., 

^nd dying in 1068, was «. by his son^ 

Philip, created a baronkt 4th June, 

1670, and dying in 16B3, was «. by his son, 

CHAmLKS, (Sir,) second baronet, 

who was one of the gentlemen of 

the privy chamber to Queen Anne, 

and high bsUiiT of the Island of 

Jersey. Sir Charles d, in 1715* 

when the baronetcy expired, but 

his estates passed to Lord Carteret. 

HSLIBR, of whom presently. 

Rachael, m. first, to Beaver, Esq., of the 

Island of Jersey, and seeondly, to ^— de Vic, 
Esq. 
Judith, m. to Sir Brian Johnson, of Bucking- 
hamshire: 
The second son, 

HELIER CARTERET, Esq., deputy governor 
of Jersey, m. Elisabeth, daughter of Du- 
masque, Esq., and had, with other children, 

SIR GEORGE CARTERET, a naval officer of 
high reputation, who. through the influence of the 
Duke of Buckingham, was appointed in the 9d of 
King Charles L Joint governor of Jersey, and at the 
bfcaking out of the civil war, held the office of 
comptroller of the navy. Sir George was, however, 
■o much esteemed by all parties, that when the 
parliament passed the ordinance for the Earl of 
Warwick to command the fleet, then fully and en- 
tirely at their disposal, they likewise resolved that 
Captain Carteret should be vice-admiral : but he de- 
clined the appointment at the expren command of 
the king. Upon wluch Lord Clarendon observes, 
«• his interest and reputation In the navy was so 
great, and his diligence and dexterity in command 
114 



so eminent, that it waa generally believed he would, 
against whatsover the Earl of Warwick could have 
done, have preserved the major part of the fleet in 
their duty to the king.** 

Having thus retired fWmi the navy, he withdrew 
with his family to Jersey ; but subsequently return- 
ed to aid the projects of the royalists, when he was 
created by King Charles a baronet. 9th May, 164S. 
He again, however, went back to his government in 
Jersey, and there, in the ruin of the royal cause, 
allbrded an asylum to. the Prince of Wales, (who 
appointed him his vicfr<liamberlain,) Mr. Hyde, 
afterwards Lord Clarendon, and other refVigees of 
distinction. After this he defended the Island of 
Jersey in the most gallant manner against the par- 
liamentarians, and ultimately only surrendered upon 
reodving the command of King Charles II. so to da 
Elisabeth Castle, in the Island of Jersey, under Sir 
George Carteret, was the last fortress that lowered 
the royal banner. At the restoration. Sir George 
fmmed one of the immediate train of the restored 
monarch in his triumphant entry into London: and 
the next day he was sworn of the privy council and 
declared rica chambxrlain. He was afterwards 
returned to parliament b> the corp o ration of Ports- 
mouth. Sir George m. Elisabeth, daughter of Sir 
Philip Carteret, KuL. of St. Oven, and had issue, 
Philip (Sir), who had eminently distinguished 
himself during the civil wars, and was gover- 
nor of Mount Oi^^ Castle, when it was in- 
vested by the parliamentary forces in 1651. 
Sir Philip m. Jemima, daughter of Edward 
Montagu, first Earl of Sandwich, vice-admiral 
ot Ehgland, and had issue, 
GsoBOK, who s. his grandflither. 
Philip, captain of marines. Lost at sea in 1699L 
Edward, M.P., Joint post-master-general, m. 
Bridget, daughter <^ Sir Thomas Exton, 
judge of the high court of admiralty, and 
d. in 1739, leaving issue. 
Sir Philip Carteret being with his fkther-hi. 
law. Lord Sandwich, in the great naval en- 
gagement off Solebay, asth May, 1672, was 
blown up with that gallant officer in the 
Royal James. 
James, captain R.N., in the rrign of King 

Charles IL 
Oeoi^e, d. unm. in 1656. 
Anne, m. to Sir Nicholas Slaning, of (he county 

of Devon, K.B. 
Caroline, m. to Sir Thomas Scot, of Scotis 

Hall, Kent. 
Louisa-Margaretta, m. to Sir Robert Atkins, of 
$apcrton, in the county of Gloucester. 
Sir George d. 13th January, 1679, and was «. by his 
grandson, 

SIR GEORGE CARTERET, second baronet, 
who was elevated to the peerage on the 19th Octo- 
ber, 1681, aa Bamon CAmTxaxT, of Hawnes, with 
remainder, default of male issue, to his brothers, and 
their heirs male. This nobleman, when only eight 
years of age, was m. to Lady Grace GianviUe, 
youngest daughter of John, Earl of Bath, and oo- 
heiress of her nephew, William-Henry, last Earl of 
- Bath of that family ; a marriage agreed upon by hia 
gnukUisther, Sir Geoige Carteret, and the Earl of 



CAR 



CAV 



Bath, tocancBt UMfriaMtahip which had long tub- 
listed bd w am them. By this bMly his lordship had 
Ivue* Josh, liis sucoenor, with another son, Philip, 
aoid a daughter, Jemima, who both d. unmarried. 
Hit lordship, who was a aealous supporter of the rero- 
lutlon, «i. at the early age of twenty-six, in law. His 
widow. Lady Carteret, havingsuooeeded as oo-bdress 
to the great Bath estates, upon the decease of her 
neplMfW, William-Henry GranTille, Earl of Bath, in 
1711 (when that dignity became extinct), was created 
on the lat January, 1714, Fl«coiin«sM Carteret, and 
Coinmaa Orahvii.i.s, with remainder of the 
▼isooanty, deflmlt of male issue in her son, John, 
Lord Carteret* to the unde of that nobleman, Ed- 
ward Carteret, Esq., and his male bein. Her lady- 
ship d. in 1744, and was «. by her only surriring son, 
JOHN CARTERET, second Lord Carteret, as 
Eari GranTiUe. His knrdship was appointed one of 
the lords of the bedchamber at the accession of King 
George I., and constituted in 17I6 lord lieutenant 
and cuctos rotukmun of the county of Devon. In 
1719 he was accredited ambassador extraordinary 
to the court of Sweden. In 1721 he was declared 
principal secretary of States and in 1794 constituted 
i4»&o LiBUTsiTAirr or laxLAWD, which high office 
he retained for the six fcdlowing years. He was 
thrke one of tlie lords Jiutioes during the occasional 
a b s wicf of the king, and a knight of the most noble 
order of the garter. His lordship m. first, I7th Oc- 
tober, 1710, Prances, only daughter of Sir Robert 
Woidey, Bart., and grand-daughter maternally of 
Thomas Thynne, Viscount Weymoutht by whom 
he had surTivlng issue, 
RoBXBT, his suc<!essor. 
Grace, m. to Lionel, Earl of Dorset. 
Louisa, m. to Thomas Thymie, Viscount Wey- 
mouth, and had issue, 
Tbomab, Viscount Weymouth, created 
Marquess of Bath, d. hi 1784, and left 
Thomas, present Marquess of Bath, 
and other issue. 
HBirnY-FmBDKRicK, haTing inherited the 
Carteret estates under the will ot his 
grandlSsthcr, Earl of Granville, alter the 
decease of his linde, assumed the surname 
and arms of Cabtsbbt, and was created 
in 1784 Babob Cabtbbbt, of Hawnes, 
with reminder to the younger sons of his 
brother, the Marquess of Bath. His lord- 
ship d, in 1886, and the barony passed ac* 
oording to the limitation to his nephew, 
LoBO Gbobob Thybkb, present Lobo 
Cabtbbbt. 
G«oigiBna<!arolina, m. first, to the flon. John 
Spencer, and saoondly, to William, Earl Cowper. 
Frances, m. to John, Marquess of Tweedale. 
The earl espoused secondly. Lady Sophia Fermor, 
daoghter of Thomas, Earl of Pomfret, and had an 
only daughter, 

Sophia, who m. in 1765, William Petty, second 

Earl of Shelbume, afterwards Marquess of 

Laasdown, by whom she had an only son, 

JoHB, second Marquess of Lansdown, half 

brother of Henry, present marquess. 

His lordship d.fld January, 1763, and was «. by his son, 

ROBERT CARTERET, third Lord Cvtaiet, 



and second Earl GTaavilla His kmkhip d. without 
issue in 1776, when the Babobv or CABraaBTr 
and Eabldom or OBA]mu.B, with the Via- 
cooMTY or Cabtbbbt, became bxtimct, but the 
Barony of Carteret was recreated in 1784 (revert to 
issue of Lady Louisa Carteret, second daughter of 
John, first earl). 

ABxa.— Quarterly, first and fourth gules, ftmr 
ftisils in fesse ar. fbr Cabtbbbt, second and third 
three clarions, or darioords or. for Gbamtillb. 

CAVENPISH — BARON OOLE AND 
VISCOUNTS MANSFIELD, 
EARLS OF NEWCASTLE. 
UPON-TYNE. Ac, MAR- 
QUESSES OF NEWCAS- 
TLE, DUKES OF NEW- 
CASTLE, &c 

Barony and Viscounty, ^ B ^ ^ 3d Nov. 1690L 
Earldom, dec f 2 H f 7th Mar. lett. 

Marquisate, [.2 % f 97th Oct. 164& 

I>ukcdom, &c J ^^ J 18th Mar. 1664^ 

Xincagc. 

This noUe family, and the existing ducal house of 
Devonshire, have had a common progenitor in 
The Right Honorable 

SIR WILLIAM CAVENDISH, who, by his dia- 
tingulshed lady, (hte third wife,) Eliaabeth, daughter 
<rf John Hardwick, Esq.,of Hardwick, in the county 
of Derby, and eventually oo-heiress of her brother, 
James Hardwickt had Issue, 

Henry, of Tutbury Priory, in the county of 
Stafford, M.P. for Derbydilre, who died «. p^ 
12th October, 1616L 
William, created Eabl or DBTOBaBiBB, an- 
cestor of the extant ovKsa, 
and 

SIR CHARLES CAVENDISH, Knt, of Wei- 
beck-Abbey, in the county of Notts, who m. first, 
Margaret, eldest daughter and co-heir of Sir Tho- 
mas Kitson, ot Hengrave, Suflblk, by whom he had 
no issue 1 and secondly, Catherine, daughter of 
Cuthbert, -seventh Baron Ogle, who, becoming 
eventually his lordship's sole heiress, succeeded to 
the barony of Ogle, which was confirmed to her 
ladyship by letters patent, dated 4th Dec 1888 1 by 
this Udy he left an only surviving son, 

SIR WILLIAM CAVENDISH, K.B., who was 
elevated to the peerage on the 3d Nov« 1698, as Botms 
Ogle, CifBothal, and Viscoubt MABsriBiiD, to the 
county qf Nottingham, ThlsnoUeman, afterwards so 
celebrated as a royalist general, filled originany the 
post of governor to the prince of Wales, eldest son 
of King Charles I., and was advanced in the peerage 
by that monarch on the 7th March, 18B8, in the 
dignities of Bonm Cavendish, qf Boleeeer, to the 
eeunijf t^f Nottt,, and Eabl or Nswoastlb. Whoa 
the proceeding of the Long Parliatnent ceased to be 
equivocali his lordship hastened to rear the royal 
standard in the north, and planting it on the battle- 
ments of the Castle of Tynemouth, manned and 
fortified the town of Newcastle. He then levied 
forces, and, though in the midst of winter, placing 
himself at their head, routed the rebels In all direo- 
tkms in the ooonty of York, and became master of 

118 



CAV 



CEC 



tlMir principal itrong ptoen there. In 16tt he re- 
ceived the queen, upon her m^feity'i enival with 
arme and ammunition* and cunductiuK her in safety 
to the king, at Oxford, was rewarded, by letten pa- 
tent dnted S7th Oct. I643» with the MAitouiaATK 
or NnwcAaTi.Sk Subsequently, his lordship sue- 
tained, upon every occasion, his high reputation, 
but purticularly in his gallant defence of the city of 
YorlL against three powerful armies at English and 
Scotch. He retired to the oontinent» however, 
after the fktal battle of Marston-Moor, owing to 
some mitttnderttanding b e t we en himself and PntNCx 
RuPKRT, a misunderstanding which the royalists 
had eventually most deeply to deplore Upon the 
restoration of the monardiy, the marquess was 
cnated, 16th Mardi, 10S4, £arl c/ Ogle and Dukji 
or NSWCA8TLX, as some compensation for the 
immense losses he had sustained, amounting in the 
aggregate, to nearly three parts of a million ster- 
ling ! His grace m. first, Elisabeth, daughter and hei- 
ress of William Basset, Esq., of Blore, in the county 
of Staflbrd, and widow of the Hon. Henry Howard, 
ynungest eon of Thomas, Earl of Sullblk, by whom 
he had surviving issue, 

CRAiiLnB, who m. EUaabeth, danghter of 

Richard Rogers, Eeq., of Brianston, in the 

county of Dorset, but d: in the lifie-tinie of 

his father, «. p. 
Hsn mv, his successor. 
Jane, m. to Charles Cheney, Esq., of Cheaham- 

Boys, in the. county of Budca. 
Elisabeth, m. to John, second Earl of Bridge- 



Frances, M. to Oliver St. John, Earl of Boling- 
broke. 
The duke m. secondly, Margaret, sister of the Lord 
Lucas, but had no issue. Of his grace, Walpole, in 
his Noble Authors, says, that ** he was a man ex- 
tremely known flrom the course of life into which 
he was forced, and who would soon have been for- 
gotten in the walk of fame which he diose for him- 
self: yet as an author he is femiUar to those who 
scarce know any other, firom his Book of Horse- 
numship. Though amorous in poetry and music, 
is Lord Clarendon says, he was fitter to break Pe- 
gasus for a menage, than to mount him on tiie steeps 
of Pamasaus. Of all the riders of that eteed, per- 
haps there have not been a more ftntasUc couple 
than his grace and his feithful duchen, who was 
never off her piUion." 

His grace, who, amongH his other honontt, wns a 
Knioht of the Oabtce, A In 1076, and a costly mo- 
nument in Westmtnstsr Abbey records his virtues, 
dignities, and high public empk^ymcnts. He was 0. 
by his only surviving son, 

HENRY CAVENDISH, second duke, who m. 

Frances, daughter of William, second son of Robert 

Pierpolnt. Earl of Kingston, by whom he had sur- 

living issue, 

1. Hnnnv, Earl of Ogle, who m. Lady EUaabeth 

Percy, only surviving child and heiress of Jo- 

celine, eleventh and last earl of Northumber- 

hmd of the old Percys, upon which occMion 

his lordship assumed the surname of Pnncv. 

He died e^p. 1st Nov. IflBO, and his iUns- 

trious widow espoused, in two years after- 

IM 



wards, Charh» Ss jm w w , Dimm op SoHnm" 
BBT, from which union the present duke of 
Northumberland maternally descends. 
8. Elisabeth, m. first, to Christopher Monk, Duke 
of Albemarle, and secondly, to Ralph Mon- 
tagu, Duke of Montagu, but died issueless. 

3. Frances, m. to John, second Earl of Breadal- 

bane^ but died t,p. 

4. Margaret, m. to John Holies, fourth Earl of 

Clare, who was created, 14th May, lOM, Mar- 
««f«M t/aan and Dnxn of NnwcAarLB, by 
whom she had an only daughter. 
Lady Henrietta-Cavendish HoUes, who m. 
Edward, Lord Harky. son and heir of Ro- 
bert, Earl of Oxford, to whom she carried 
a very great real and peraonal esute. 
His grace (John Holies, Duke of Newcastle,) 
dying thus without male iesue, the honours 
teesed in the Holies Amily, but were revived 
in the descendants of his sister. Oracb Hoi,- 
Lna, who m. Thos. Pelham, Lord Lou^ton, 
and had issue, 
Thomab, created Eerf and Jfareuasf qf 
Clare, and Dunn or NawcASTLB, d. in 
1768, «. p,, when the husbend <rf his niece 
inherited the dukedom. 
Henry Pelham, m. to Catherine, daughter 
of John, Duke of Rutland, and left issue, 
Catherine^ in. to Henrp CUnton, Earl 
or LiNcoLir, who succeeded his wil^s 
unde in the nnsnooM or NnwcAa- 
TLx, and fkom him descend the extent 
DuxBS or Nbwcabtlb. 
Grace, m. to George Nailor, Esq. 
Frances, m. to Viscount Castleconner. 
Gertrude, m. to David PolhiU, Esq. 
Lucy, m. to Henry, seventh Earlof Lincoln. 
Margaret, m. to Sir John Shelly. 

5. Catherine, m. to Thomas, sixth Earl of ThaneL 

6. Arabella, m. to Charles, Earl of Sunderhmd, and 

left an only daughter, 
Francxs, who m., in 1717» Henry, fourth 
Earl of Carlisle, and had surviving issue, 
Arabella, m. to Jonathan Cope, Esq. 
Diana, m. to Thomas Duncombe, Esq. 
Hisgraced. in IflDl, when, leaving no male issue, the 
dignities created in 1680, in 16B8, in 1643, and in 1664,, 
(seecommenoementof thisarticle,) became xxtinct, 
while the old barony of Oolb, which came into the 
family with Catherine^ Lady Ogle, wife of Sir 
Charles Cavendish, of WUbeck Abbey, fell into 
ABBYAMCB between his gracefs five daughters and 
co-heiresses, and so continues amongst their des- 
cendants. 

Arms.— Sa. three bucks' heads eaboshed, ar. at- 
tired or., a crescent for dilferaica. 

CECIL — BARON CECIL, OF PUT- 
NEY, IN THE COUNTY OF 
SURREY, VISCOUNT WIM. 
BLEDON. 

Barony, 1 by Letters \ 0th November, 1625. 
Viscounty,) Patent, jSSth July, 1686L 

XCttcagt. 

The Hon. 
SIR EDWARD CECIL, third son of Thomas, 



CHA 



CHA 



Ant EM of BnMr, and gMBdaon of th» caMnted 
Lord TiMMuuii Bafghky, hftTliig adoptad a mili- 
tary life, attained cal a b tity in the wan In tlia N*- 
tlMrianda, wImiv ha waa engagad ibr a qtaoe of 
ttairty-fl^a yean. Ha waa manhal, Uautanaat, and 
general of the ftnren, lent by King Jamaa and King 
ChailM I. agalnat the Spanlarda and Imparlaliits, 
and waa alemtad to the peaiage by King Charles II. 
OB the 9th NoTambar, 1<B5» aa Bamm Cteilt ^ Put- 
nari and cxaatad Mth July, MM. Viacouirr Wim- 
Bi.xDOir. Walpole, in hia noble authon, mentions 
that In the king's ttbrary are two manuscript tracts 
drawn up by this nobleman, on the several subjecu 
of war, and the military deteice of the nation ; and 
he Ukewiie states, that a manuscript was found by 
the Earl of Huntingdon in an old cheat, purporting 
to be a wairant of King Chartea L, directtng, at the 
of Lord Wimbledon, tile teriral of the old 
march, ao tenons In all the honoimbia 
ai'hle f amenta and gkwious wan of this kingdom in 
times; but wliidi, by neglect, had been 

riy loac ana roigocven. 
Bis lordahip m. thrloa, first, Tfaaodoaia, daughter 
of Sir Andrew Nod, of Dalby, In the county of Lei- 
cester, Knt., by whom he had ftmr daughtersk via. 

Dorothy, ■■■ > 

Albmla, m. to Sir Chila t e p her Wmy, Knt, ot 
Barliags, in the county of Linooln. 

EHiabeth, m. to Francis, Lord WlUoughby, of 



Frances, m. to Jamas, son and hdr of William, 
▼isoount Say and Sdab 
The Tiaoonnt m, secondly, Diana, daughter of Sir 
William Drury, of Halatede, in Uie county of Suf- 
fblk, Knt., end thirdly, Sophia, daughter of Sir 
fidward Zoucha* of Woking, in Surrey, by whom 
liehadaaon. 

Algernon, who <L in infancy* 
Hia lordship d. at Wimbledon on the 10th Norem- 
her, M3Bt where he waa interred, and leaving no 
Ukale issue hia hooon became bxtiwct. 

Anita. Daily often, ar. and as. on six escutcheons, 
sa. three, two, one, as many Uona rampant of the first. 

CHANDOS— BARON CHANBOS. 

By Writ of Summons, dated SOth December, 1337, 
11 Edward IIL 

The Bnt of thia fbmily upon record, 

ROBERT DE CHANDOS, came ffrom Nor- 
mandy with the Conqueror, and obtained by arms 
laige poBsessioni in Wales. He was subsequently a 

to the chuith. To this Ro- 



ROBERT DE CHANDOS, who, upon the aawsa- 
»ent in aid of laaiiyliig the king'a daughter, in the 
Uth Henry II., certified Ida knights' flsas to be 
Ihirteaaandaalxth part, ibr which he paid £8 15s. 6d. 
He d. in 1173, and wm tw by hie ddest eon, 

ROBERT DE CHANDOS. This flmdal lord 
paid ftarty marks for livery of the landa of his in- 
haritanceklnthetthRMmrdL Hewas«.by 

ROBERT DE CHANDOS, who was a. by his 
son and heir, 

ROGER DE CHANDOS, whoee wMdehip was 
gnntadby thacrown to WUIam de Caatihipe. This 



Rogar along with other bawna marclian had fy»> 
quent summonaee In the rdgn of Henry III. to 
march agalnat the Weldi. He was «. by Ms son, 

ROBERT DE CHANDOS, who* in the flOtk 
Henry III., doing his boaaage had Uvery of the lands 
of his taihcrltance* and lb the 10th Edward I., wae 
in the expedition Uicn made into Wales. Upon his 
death, which happened in the 30th Edward L, It 
wasiound that he held the naanor of Snodhull* with 
ita apputtenancai by barony, and the aerrlce of two 
knights' fees. He was «. by his son, 

SIR ROGER DE CHANDOS. This fbu^d kird 
waa In the Scottiah wan tamp^ Edward II., and r*. 
ceived the honor of knighthood with Prince Ed- 
ward, and many othan, by bathing, prior to going 
upon one of those expeditions. In the Ifth Edward 
IL he waa made aheriff of Henlbrdskirak and again 
In the 1st Edward III., when he was made governor 
ofthecaatleofHstefbrd. •* But of his suocasaon,'* 
says Dttgdala, ** I am not able to continue a direct 
sariea." We coma tharefoce to 

ROGER DE CHANDOS, brother and heir of 
ThonuM de Chandoe, daccassd. This Roger pcrw 
fonahv hia fbalty In the 7th Edward IIL had livery 
of hia lands, and the next year was constltutad 
therilTof Herefbrdahire, and governor of the caetle 
of Hereford. In the 19th of the eesne reign, being 
then a banneret, he recrt ved a military summons to 
attend the king into Franoa, and was summoned to 
parliament as a babok l^om flOth December, 1337, 
to ttd October. 136A. In which latter year he d. 
leaving a soil, 

SIR THOMAS DE CHANDOS, Knt, but never 
summoned to perllamant He waa «. by his son, 

SIR JOHN CHANDOS, Knt, who d. \n 1430^ 
leaving his sister. If argaret, his hair i which 

MABOAnxT CHAMOoa, m. Sir Thomaa Berke- 
ley, Knt, of Coberley, and left two doubters, 
her ooJiain, namdy, 
Matgaret, m. to Nkhotas Mattesden. 
Alice, m. to Thomaa Brugaa, whence the 
Duxna or CnxMboa. 

Anna.— >Or., a pile gules. 

CHAVBNT—BARON CHAVENT. 

By Writ of Summons, dated ttth December, 1399, 
98 Edward L 

Xintsgt. 

PETER DE CHAUMPVENT, OR CHAVENT, 
having been engaged In the wan of Oasoony in the 
S9th-90th Edward I., waa summoned to parllamant 
as a BAROW fan two yean afterwards i but of his 
lordship, his tenily or descendants, nothing further 
is known. 

ARM8.— Payly of six, ar. and aa. a taae gules. 

CHAWORTH— BARON CHAWORTH. 

By Writ of Summona, deled 0th February, U9Bi 
97 Edward L 

Xiitcsse. 

About the hitter end of Kbig William the Con- 
qneror's reign, 

PATRICK DE CADURCIS, vulgarly called 
Cbawobtb* a native of Little Britanny, made a 
grant of certain mllla in Gloucestershire to the 

117 



CHA 



CHE 



monks of St Petal's Abbey, in Gkmoertar. To this 
Patrick «. his son, 

PATRICK DE CHA WORTH, who in the 39rd 
Henry II., upon the collection ot the fcutage of 
Oalway, accounted six pounds for tlie luighf s fees 
belon^ng to the honor of StriguiL This feudal 
lewd was 4, by 

PAIN DB CHAWORTH, who, in the Snd 
Henry III. being at that time one of the barons 
marchers, became lurety for Isabel de Mortimer 
that she should oome to the king's exchequer on the 
octaves of St. Michael to satisfy for such debts as 
she owed to the late King John. Pain de Chaworth 
m. Gundred, daughter and heir of William de la 
Ferte, (heir to Margaret de la Ferte, second daugh- 
ter and co-heir of William de Briwere, a great feudal 
lord, who d, in 1296,) and was s. at his decease by 
his son, 

PATRICK DE CHAWORTH, who, in the 83rd 
Henry III., being thai under age, compounded with 
the king for his own wardship andmarrisge; paying 
£500 for the same. IntheS9thof thesamerrignhe 
received a precept from the crown, whereby he was 
commanded to use all his power and diligence to 
annoy the Weldi then in hostility. He m. Hawyse, 
daughter and heir of Sir Thomas de Londies, Lord 
of Kidwilly, in Wales, and had issue. 

Pain, 'k allof whom, in Mth Henry I IL, being 
Hervey, >-signed with thecroas, attended Prince 
Patric, J Edward to the Holy Land, 
with two daughters. Eve, and Anne. This feudal 
lord d, in 1S57. and was «. by his eldest son, 

PAIN DE CHAWORTH, who, in the fith Ed- 
ward I., was constituted general of the king's army 
in West Wales: whereupon Roger de Mortimer had 
command to aid him with all his power, and to admit 
him into all his castles and garrisons ; at which time 
he was so successful that the Welch sued for peace, 
and did homage to the king. This gallant soldier 
died «. !>. in 1278* end was «. by his only surviving 
brother, 

PATRIC DE CHAWORTH, who m. the Lady 
Isabel de Beauchamp, daughter of William, Earl of 
Warwick, and d. In 1382, leaving an only daughter 
and heiress, 

Maud nx Chaworth, who m. first, Henry 
Plantagenet, Earl of Lancaster, and secondly, 
Hugh le Despenser. 
Thus terminated this great feudal branch of the 
Csmily, but another branch had diverged from 

WILLIAM DE CHAWORTH, son of Robert, 
brother of Patric, the first feudal lord. This Wil- 
liam, in the Snd year of King John, paid £& fine 
that he might not go beyond sea. He was «. by his 
son and heir, 

ROBERT DE CHAWORTH, who, in the 6th of 
John, paid a fine of one hundred marks, and one 
palf^ for his rdief, and that he might have the 
king s charter for those lands he then held by mili- 
tary service, whereof he had no grant. He d. with- 
out issue, and was *. by his brother, ' 

WILLIAM DE CHAWORTH, who m. Alice, 
daughter of Robert, and sister and co-heir (with her 
sister Joane, wifb of Robert de Latham, of Lanca- 
shire), of Thomm de AUkvion* and was*, at his de- 
by his Mm, 
118 



THOMAS DB CHAWORTH. who 
moned to parliament as a baboh on the 9th Fe- 
bruary, 1880. But his lordship had no other sum- 
mons, nor had any of his descendants, who laD^ 
nourished in the counties of Derby end Notting- 



Abmb.— Of the feudal Barons Chaworth— Barry of 
ten pieces, ar. and gtu an orie of martlets sa. 

Abms. — Borne by Lord Chaworth, bdng the arms 
of Albeton, vis.. Am. two chevrons or. 

CHENEY— BARON CHENEY. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 1st September, 
1487, 3 Henry VIL 

Xiiuagc. 

Although this family, founded by Rai.pr ob 
Cainbto, (that is Chbhxy,) who came into Eng- 
land with the C<Hiqueror, was txcm that period of 
considerable note, it did not attain the honour of 
the peerage, until the time of Henry VIL 
' JOHN CHENEY, Esq., of Sherland, in the Isle 
of Shepey, had with other issue, by his wife Alia- 
nore, dauj^ter and heiress ot Six RolMrt de Shot^ 
stroke, Knt., a son and heir, 

SIR JOHN CHENEY, Knt, an eminent soldier, 
under the banner of Henry of Richmond, at Boe> 
worth field, whom, it is said. King Richard, per- 
sonally encountering, felled to the ground, althou^ 
he was a person of great bodily strength. Upon 
the accession of his chief to the crown, as Henry VIL, 
Sir John Cheney was called to the privy council, 
and soon after, again stoutly fought for the king, 
against the Earl of Lincoln and his adherents, at 
Stoke. In the 3rd year of the new monarch, he 
was summoned to parliament as a babon, and 
from that period to the 14th October, 148S. His 
lordship was also a knight banneret, and a knioht 
of the most noble order of the Gabtxb. He d, 
without issue, in 1496, when the Baboity tft 
Chxnxy expired, while his lands devolved upon 
his nephew. Sir Thomas Cheney (see Cheney of 
Taddington). 

ABMa.— As, six lions rampant ar. a Canton er- 
mine. 

CHENEY — BARON CHENEY, OF 
TADDINGTON, IN THE 
COUNTY OF BEDFORD. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 8th May, 1078. 

Xiiuagt. 

SIR THOBfAS CHENEY, Knt., nephew end 
heir of John, Lord Cheney, a dignity that expired 
in 1496, m. first, Frideswide, daughter and co-heixess 
of Sir Thomas Frowyke, Knt., Chief Justice of the 
Court of Common Pleas, and had issue, 

Cathenne, m. to Thomas Kemp, Esq., of 

Glendidi, in the county of Kent. 
Margaret, m. to George Nevil, Lord AbergB- 

venny. 
Frances, nu to Nicholas Crips, Esq., son and 

heir of Sir Henry Crips, Knt. 
Anne, m. to Sir John Perrot, KnL 
Sir Thomas m. secondly, Ann^ daughter and oo- 
heliesB of Sir John Bxoughtoa, of Taddington, 



CHE 



CUE 



In Dm eouBty o# B«Ubcd, by whom he aniulrad 
fhat ertate* and taftd aa only Km, Hbwiiv, of whom 
Sir ThoouM Cheney eppeen to heve 
a penon of greet gillantry and note. In the 
rdgn of Henry VIII. At the celebrated interview 
between that monarch end Frande I., at Ardret, 
he wee one of the diaHengeiak afainst all gentle- 
men, who were to exerdae feaH of arma, on horse- 
back, or on foot, for thirty days. He wes a Knioht 
of the OABTsm, warden of the Cinque Ports, and 
treasurer of the king's household. Upon the death 
of King Edward VL, he espoused the interests of 
Queen Mary, and he was called to the privy council 
in the first year of EHiabeth: about which period 
he deceased, and was «. by his son, 

SIR HENRY CHENEY, Knt, who was sum- 
moned to parliament as Baroit Chxnky, or Tao- 
nnroTow, in the county of Bedford, ftom 8th May, 
1A7S, to IMh October, 1586. His lordship, who was 
oneof the peers, on the trial of Mary, Queen of Scots, 
m. Jene, daughter of Thomas Wentworth, Lord 
Wentworth, but died without issue, in U87, whan 
his estates devolved upon his widow, and the 
Barony of Cbxksy, or Taddinotow, became kz- 
TfircT. His lordship erected a noble mansion at 
Taddington, wherein he resided. 
- Auuk—Erm : on • bend sa. three martlets, or. 



CHEBLTON— BARONS CHERLTON, 
OF POWYS. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 86th July, 131% 
7 Edward II. 

HUneage. ^f////^^ ^ 

In the first yeer of Edward II. 

JOHN DE CHERLTON, (dderson of Sir Alan 
Cherlton, of Appleby Cestle, in the county of Salop,^ 
from whose younger son, Alan, descended 
Cherltons of Ludford,) obtained a charter of free 
warren, in all his demesne lands at Chbrltok, and 
PONTB8B17RY, In the county of Salop, and the next 
year had a confirmation of the manor of Pontes- 
bury, (some time belonging to Rhese ap Howell,) 
to hold in general tail, by the services anciently im- 
posed for the same. This John, by the gift of 
King Edward II., espoused Hawyse, sister and heiress 
of Oryfiln ap Owen, otherwise known as Gryflin de 
la Pole, by reeson of his residence at Pole, com- 
monly called Welch-pole, in the county of Mont- 
gomery, and in her right acquired the fleudal 
Barony of Polx, held in capita f^om the crown ; 
but in the next year, Oryflln de la Pole, uncle to 
the said Hawyse, pretending a right to the castle 
of Pole, (afterwards denominated Rbd Castlb,) 
nised a body of the Welch, and regularly besieged 
It, his niece and her husband bdng at the time re- 
sl^ng therein; whereupon the king directed his 
precept to Roger de Mortimer, then justice of 
Wales, to nmnh thither for their relief and pro* 
tecticm. Again, however, they were disturbed by 
the said Gryflin, who had summons to iq>pear be- 
fore^he king, to answer fSmr his proceedings, and 
to render John Cherlton and his wife more secure 
to their title, they had a royal charter in the 7th of 
Edward IL, confirmatory of all their lands and 



PowTS. In which year, (fl0th July, 1319,) John 
Cherlton was summoned to parliament as Babon 
Cbbbltoii, and ftom that period, to the 8Sth July, 
135S. His lordship was chamberlain to King Ed< 
ward IL, and took an active part in the wars of 
Scotland. In the reign of that monarch, he had 
license to make a castle of his manor house, at 
Cherlton, Shropshire ; but notwithstanding the many 
important immunities he received fkom the crown, 
he was implicated in the rebdlion of Thomas, Earl 
of Lancaster, and was taken prisoner at the battle 
of Borou^bridge, in Yorkshire, but was fortunato 
enough to obtain the king's pardon. In the next 
reign, he was constituted Justicb or Ibblano, 
and landed there upon Thursday, the festival of 
St. Calixt, the pope, with his brother Thomaa, 
Bishop of Hereford, chancellor, and about two 
hundred ardiers. His lordship waa subsequently 
engaged in the wars of France, and dying in 18S3, was 
«. by his son, 

JOHN DE CHERLTON, second Baron, sum- 
moned to parliament, ftom the Uth March, 1SS4, 
to the 90th November, laOO, as Babok Chbbltow, 
and from 14th August, 13S8 to 4th October, 1373, 
as Lord Cherlton, of Powys. This nobleman being 
LoBD CHAMnBBi.AZN to the king, was in the wan 
of Gasoony, in attendance upon the Black Prince^ 
His lordship m. Joane, daughter of Ralph de Staf- 
ford, Earl of Stallbrd, and d. in 1374, was •, by his 
•on, 

JOHN DE CHERLTON, third Baron, sum- 
moned to parliament, as "^Johanni de Cherlton, 
de Powys," from 9th August, 1388, to 3rd Octo- 
ber, 1400. His knrdship m. Maud, daughter of Ro- \/ 
gcr de Mortimer, Earl of March; but d, without /C 
issue, anno 1400, was •. by his brother, 
EDWARD DE CHERLTON, fourth Baron, 
the^aummoned to parliament, fromSnd Dece m ber, 1401, 
to 86th Fek, 1481. In the 9th of Henry IV. This 
nobleman sustained great loss by the insurrection of 
the Welch, under Owen Glendower. In the next 
reign, he had the thanks of parliament for his activity 
in apprdiending the unfortunate Sir John Oldcastle, 
Lord CoUiam, within the territory of Powys. His 
lordship m. Alianore, daughter of Thomas HoUand, 
and sister and co-heir of Edmund Holland, both 
Earls of Kent, and widow of Roger Mortimer, Earl 
of March, by whom (who m. after his decease, John 
Sutton, Lord Dudley,) he had issue, 

Joane, m. to Sir John Grey, K.G., Earl of Tan- 
kerville, in Normandy, whose grandson, John 
Oiey, was summoned to parliament, as «* Jo- 
hanni Grey de Powys," on the 15th Novem- 
ber, 1482, (see that dignity). 
Joyce, m. to Sir John de Tiptoft, who was sum- 
moned to parliament, fttnn 7th January, 1486, 
to 3rd December, 1441. (Dugdale says, he 
bore the title of Lord Tiptoft and Powys, but 
he was never summcmed by any other desig- 
nation than ** Johanni Tiptoft, ChPr;") and 
had issue, 
John, created Eabx. or Wobcbbtba, in 
1448, but beheedcd and attainted, in 1470, 
when his honours expired, but his son, 
Edwa&d db TiPTorr, was restored in 
bkiod, as Eabi. or Wobcbstbb 

119/ 







in NOBTH WAI<Mf SOVTH WAXSa, 



tfvU* 












CHO 



CLA 



dying, homerm, «. pb, in 14lfti hit 
•unti beotmo his eoh«imi« to tho 
Barony oa Tiprorr* md to his 
cstBtfls, while tho babjuimm bx< 

PIBBD. 

Philippa, m. to Thomas, Lofd Root. 
Johanna, m. to Sir Edmund Inglethorpe. 
Joyce, m. to Edmund Sutton, son and heir 
of John, Lord Dudley. 
His lordship d, in 14SS, when the Babont or 
CHBBLToir, or PowYB, fell into abbyabcb, be- 
tween his daughters, and his mtates devolved upon 
them, as co-heirs. The Lordship of Powys coming 
to the eldest daughter, Joane, that lady's grandson, 
John Orey, had summons lo parliament, in I4BB, 
as LoBD Gbby, or Powva, but Mr. Nicholas, in 
his " Synopsis,** considers Mar summons a new cre- 
ation, and not a revival of the original dignity, and 
he is borne out in the opinion, he says, by a 
careftil examination of the parliamentary rolls, 
wherein he finds the old lords, denominated in 
almost all instances, Lonns Chbbi.toiv, and be 
then very Justly reasons, that if it were meant to 
revive the suspended barony in the great grandson 
of Edward, fourth and but L^rd Charlton, that 
personage would have been summoned as Babon 
Chbblton, or Poirva, and not as Lord Grey— a 
course whidi appears indisputable. The Babovv 
or Cbbblton, must therefore be deemed still in 
abbyabcb. 
Abm&— Or. a lion rampant, gu. 
NoTB.— A younger branch of this fMnlly, was, 
ALAN DB CHERLTON, brother of the first 
baron, who in the Uth of Edward IL, had a charter 
for free warren, in all his demesne lands, at Af- 
PLBBY, and other places, in the county of Salop, 
and was constituted fas three years afterwards, 
governor of Montgomery Castle; he m. Elen, 
widow of NichobM de St Maur, and one of the 
daughters and co-heirs of Lord Zouch— from which 
union descended the family of Charlton, of Lud- 
ford, in the county of Hereford, now represented 
by Edmund Lechmere Charlton, Esq., of Ludford. 

CHOLMONOKLEV — VISCOUNT 
CHOLMONDELEY, EARL 
OF LKINSTER, IN THE 
PEERAGE OF IRELAND, 
BARON X^HOLMONDE. 
LEY. IN THE PEERAGE 
OF ENGLAND. 



Yisoounty, 

Earldom 

Barony 



>*y»lby Letters f, 
^' J Patent, V 



: ion. 

Ath March, 1640. 
1st Sept., 1645. 

SIR HUGH CHOLMONDELEY, Kbt., of 
Cholmondeley, (eldest son of Sir Hugh Cholmonde- 
ley, and his wife, Anne, daughter and co-heiress of 
George Dorman, Esq., of Malpas,) married Mary, 
only daughter and heiress of Christopher Holford, 
Esq. of Holford, and had issue, 
RoBBBT, of whom praaently. 
Hugh, m. Mary, daughter of Sir John BodvlDe, 
of BodviOe Caetle, in the county of Camar- 
' von, and dying In 1056, left 
ISO 



RoBBBTt who inherited the eetates of his 
uncle, and was the founder of the present 
noUe House of Cholmondeley. 

Thomas, of Vale Royal, ttom whom the pre- 
sent Lord Delamere descends. 

Mary, m. to Thomas Middleton, Esq., eldest son 
of Sir Thomas Middleton, of Chirk Castle. 

Catharine^ m. to Charles Mainwaring, Esq., of 
Ightfl^, in the county of Salop. 
Sir Hugh died in the 43rd of Elisabeth, and his 
Udy (designated by King Jamm L " the bold Udy 
of Cheshire," in consequence of the spirit she dis- 
played in carrying on a law suit with George Holi 
Ibrd, Esq., of Newborough, for more than forty 
yean,* which finally terminated by compromise,) 
died on Uth August! 169& Sir Hugh was «. by his 
eldest son, 

ROBERT CHOLMONDELEY, Eag., who was 
created a baronet on the 90th June, 1611, and ad- 
vanced to the peerage of Irdand in IWB, as Vitcovnt 
Cholmond^h^, nf KtHl», His lordship afterwards, 
'* in consideration of his special service. In raising 
several companies of foot in Chmhire, in order to 
the quenching those rebdlious flames whidi began 
to appear anno I64S, and sending many other to the 
king, (Charles I.,) then at Shrewsbury, (which stood 
him in high stead in that memonible battle of Kine- 
ton, happening soon after,) as abo raising other 
forces for defending the city of Chester, at the first 
siege thereof by his m^esty's adversarim in that 
coimty, and courageous adventure in the fight <d 
Tilton Heath, together with his great suflkrings, by 
the plunder of his goods, and firing his houses," 
was created a peer of England, by letters patent, 
dated 1st September, I64ff, in the dignity of Babom 
Cbolmoboblby, ^ Wieke JfaOanJk, otherwise 
Namptwich, in the county of Chester, and advanced 
the next year to the Irish babi«dom or LBiirarsB. 
Su b sequ en tly, under the rule of the parliament, his 
lordship was obliged to compound for his mtates, 
and paid the huge fine of £7*742. He m. Catherine, 
daughter of John, Lord Stanhope of Harrington, 
but died without issue on 2nd October, 1669, when 
his large possessions devolved upon his nephew, 
Robert Cholmondeley, (son of his brother Hugh,) 
immediate ancestor <^ the existing noble house of 
Cholmondeley-— and his lordship's honours, namely« 
the Irish babony or Choliiobdbi.bv, of Kdls, and 
the BA BLDOM or LBiNaTBB, with the English ba- 
bony OF CBOLMONOBX.BY, q^ Nomplicicft, became 

BXTIVCT* 

ABMa,—- Gu. two helmets in diief ppr. garnished or. 
in base a garb of the last. 

CLARE— LORDS OF CLARE, EARLS 
OF HERTFORD, EARLS OF 
GLOUCESTER. 

The feudal lordship of Clare, from tha conquest. 
The earldom of Hertford, temp. King Stephen. 
The earldom of Glouceater, by marriage with the 
heims of Gloucestar, 

GEOFFREY, naturM son of Ricbabd L, Duke 
of Normandy, bad a eon. 



CLA 



CLA 



GISLBBKRT, nmMBMd Ctiapiu, BmrlffBHom, 
in Normaiuty, wImm eldest MM* 

RICHARD FITZGILBBRT, hcring accon- 
panied tiM CoirgosAOR teto BBglmd, partidfated 
in the spolb of oon^uatt* mA obtained extenalve 
pwiwHloiif in tlM new and (dd dflUinloDa, of his 
royal leader and ktamnan* In lOTS. ((fth WUttaai 
Caiqtteror») «• ind him joined under tbe darigna- 
tlon of RiMririM dr Btm^f^eta, with WUUam da 
Warren, In thagtaat oOce of JoaricxABY or Swe- 
LAirn: with whom, in three yean afberwaids, he 
was in anas, 4*lV t^ rebciUou Lords, Robert 
4m BrttoBOft Barl ot HeraiMd, and Ralph Waher, 
or Ouader, Karl of Norfolk and Suflblk, and be. 
iMTed with great gallantry. Rot afterwards, at the 
time of the gmund marMifr wikidi was towards tlie 
dose ot WilUhm's reign, he is called M€ardu» de 
7\>mttrmge, ftom his seat at Tonebniga, (now Tun- 
bvidge,) in Kent, which town and castle he obtained 
from the ArdiUsiiop of CanteHniry, in Ueu of the 
Castle of Brion ; at which time he enjoyed thirty- 
•i^t lordships in Sarrey, thirty-tve in Essex, three 
in Cambridgeshire, with some others in Wilts and 
Deron, and ninety-five in 8aflblk>amoapt those was 
Ci^ABM, whence he was oocaslottaUy styled Richaho 
OS CjULBn ; and that place in a few yean afterwards 
becoming tlie chief seat of the fiunily, his descend- 
ants are said to have assumed therenpon the title of 
EAaLs or Clarb. This great ftudal lord m. Ro> 
beae, daaghtar of WAHerQiflbrd, Karl of Bucking- 
tuun, and had issue, 

GiLBXRT, hb successor. 

Roger, an eminent soldier in the rslgn of Henry 
I., died «. p. whoi his estates deroWed upon 
Us alder brothers son, Gilbert. 
Welter, who haTing Uosnce fttnn the king to 
enjoy all he could conquer in Wales, possessed 
an NBTBBn-WnnT ; hed. dao«. p. 
Ridnrd, a monk of Bee, in Nonsandy, and last 

▲snoT or Ely. 
Robert, steward to Kiftg Hdnry I., m« Mmid, 
daughter of 9hnen St. lAz, Eam. or Huirr- 
inoooir, and hid ITolfsr FUZ'Robgrt, whose 
son, Roterr PV^s-fFoMsi', was one of the most 
distinguished of the barons, who rebeUed 
agafattt JoHjr, and was styled, MAaanAL or 

THB ABMT Or GoO, AVO HOX.Y CBITRCS. 

— 9u to Ralph da Tetgsrs. 

•>-— m. to Eodo Dapifier. 
Ridiard da Tonebruge, or de Clare, whoissaidto 
haTefidlen inaskinnish with the Welsh, was#. by 
hisddcstsob, 

GILBERT DB TONEBRUGE, who resided at 
Tonebruge, and Inherited all his ftuher's lands in 
Bn^nd. This nobleman joined in the rebdUon of 
Robert de MoMbray, Earl of Northumberland, but 
obeenrii^ the King (William RuftM) upon the 
polat of fUl^ into an ambuscade, be relented, 
bssnnght pardon* and saved his royal masCar. We 
ftidMm s o bs a iuently, however, agidn in rebtfUon, 
in the same reign, and fortifying and losing his castle 
atTaabridga. He m. Adellaa, daughCar of the Eerl 
Of Clsremont, and had Issue, 

RicBAno, his euecessor. 

GiOMrt, cmated Bam* or Fsmbbou, enao 
1139; see that dignity. This nobleman was 



Ibthar of Riobam, sunaiaad 8TaoBas6w, 

80 ceUbfated ibr his conquest of iNiaad. 
Walter, Ibundar of the aMwy of TxirraBB, in 

Waiss, died #. p, 
Harvay, flmumsln the conqMat of IraLmd, by 

the name ot tUn^f, ^ MmttmauriM, but 

died a monk at Caaterliary. 
Beldwfai, who left thiaa tons, William, Robert, 

tnd Richard, andadau^hierHaigafet, Ni.to 



flW 



Gilbert de Toastamge, who was a muniBosat be*o- 
fbctor to thediatch, was «. by his eldest son, 

RICHARD DB CLARE, who lint bon the title 
of Eamx. or HBBTroani and being one of those, 
who by power of the sword entered Weles, there 
phmted himself, and became lord of vait territories, 
es also of divan castles, in those porta, bnt re- 
quiring other matten of moment ftom the king, 
in which he was nnsucoessflil, he reared the standard 
of revolt, and soon after fdl in an cagagemaat with 
the Welsh. His lordship te IIM removed the 
monksoutof hisoBAleatCtaua, into the church of 
St. Augustine, at Stokb, and beatfrwed upon tlssm 
a IHtle wood, called Stokb-Ho, with a doe every 
year out of Ms park at Hi^BaDBifB. He mu Alloa, 
sister of Ranulph, second Earl of Cheater, and had 
issue, GiLBBBT, his successor, with two other sons, 
end a daughter, Ahce, who 
OrilBth, Prince of North Wales 
His tordship was«. by his eldest son, 

GILBERT DE CLARE, second Earl of Hert- 
ford, who is said by Dugdale, to have also bonm 
the title of Earl of Clsie, but Hornby observes, that 
Mor meant only KaH at Cktrt/ for his earldom 
was certainly at Hgr^fitrd, This nobleman, in tlm 
8th of King Stephen, amw 114ft, was a hostage for 
his uncle, Ranulph, Earl of Chester,. and subse- 
quently, being in rebellion against the power of 
Stephen, was taken prisoner, and. held in capti- 
vity, until he surrendered all his strong places. He 
d. in llAl, and having no issue, was at by his 
brother, 

ROGER DE CLARE, third Earl of HertfonU 
who is Ukewise said to have borne the title of Earl 
of Clare. In the 3rd Henry II., this noblemen ob- 
taining from the king aU the lands in Wales whkh 
he could win, marched into Cardigan with a great 
army, and fortified diven cestlcs theiaabouto. In 
the 9th of the same reign, we find htm summoned 
by the oetobrated Thomss-^-Becket, Archbishop of 
Canterbury, to Westminater, in order to do homage 
to the prelate for his castle of Tonebrnge; which 
at the command of the king he refused, aUegiag 
that holding it by miUtary service it belonged 
rather to the crown than to the church. His lord- 
diip m. Mande^ daughter of Jamm de St Hillary, 
by whom (who married after his decease Wittiam 
de Albini, Earl of Arundel,) he had a son, 

RicBARD, his successor. 
This earl, who» Arom his munificence to the church, 
and his numerous acts of piety, was called the 
Oosd, d. in 1173* and was*, by his son, 

RICHARD DB CLARE, fourth Earl of Hert- 
ford, who. In the 7th Richerd I., gave a thousand 
pounds to the king for livery of the lands of his 
mother's inheritance, with his proportion of 
R 181 



^ 



CliA 

•oqM time beloaginc to Glflkrd, Kul of Bucklag- 
haln. Hb lordship m. Amlda, aeooikd daughter and 
co^eirCK {with her listert Mabell, Wife of th« BarL 
of Evereux, in Normandy, and Iaabal« the divorced 
wife of King John,) of Wiaktm, Kaml or Olov- 
csaTBR, by whom he had luue* 

OiLBXRT, hi* lucoeHor. 

Jome* m. to Rhys-Orig, Prlnoe of South WUei. 
ThJa earl, who was one of the twenty-flve herons 
appointed to enforce the oheervance of Maowa 
Obaata, if. in 1S16» and was «. by Us son, 

GILBERT OE CLARE, fifth earl of Hertford, 
who, after the deoeeae of Geoffrey de M andeviUe. 
Earl of Eiaex, the second husband of Isabd, the 
dlToroed wife of King John* (one of the co-heireaaes 
mentioned above of William, Earl of Gloucester,) 
and in her right Earl of Gloucbstba, and her 
own decease, «. ji. as also the decease oi Almarick 
D'Evereux, son of the Earl of Evereux, by Mabell, 
the other co-heiress, who likewise succeeded to the 
Earldom of Gloucester, became Earl or Gloucbb- 
TRB, in right of his mother Amida, the other co- 
belxeast This nobleman was amongst the principal 
barons who tO(A up arms against King John, and 
was appointed one of the twenty-five chosen to en- 
ftnoe the oheervance of Magna Crarta. In the 
ensuing reign, still opposing the arbitrary proceed- 
iogi of the crown* he ftnight at Lincoln, under the 
baioniai banner, and was taken prisoner there by 
William Marshall, Earl of Pembroke; but he soon 
afterwards made his peao& His lordship m. Isabel, 
one of the daughters, and eventually, co-heiresscs 
of the above mentioned earl, by whom, (who m. 
after his decease, Richard, Earl of Cornwall, brother 
of King Henry III.,) he had issue, 

RicRARO, his auccesaor. 

William. 

GUbert. 

Amida, m. to Baldwin de Redvers, fburth Earl 
of Devon. 

Agnes. 

Isabd, IN. to Robert de Brus. 
The earl tf . in isa9, and was «. by his eldest son, 

RICHARD DE CLARE, sixth Earl Hertford, 
and secoibd Earl of Gloucester, then in minority. 
The wardship of this young nobleman was grantod 
to the iSunous Hubert de Burgh, Earl of Kent, 
Justiciary of England, whose daughter Margaret, 
to the great <Uspleasure of the king, (Henry III.,) 
he afterwards dandestinely married, but flrom 
whom, he was probably divorced, for we find the 
king marrying him the next year to Maude, daugh- 
ter of John de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln, in considera- 
tion whereof the said John paid to the crown five 
tiionsand marks, and remitted a debt of two thou- 
sand more. His lordship, who appears to have been 
a very distinguished personage in the reign of 
Henry III.» was one of the chief nobles present in 
Westminster Hall, (40th Henry III.,) when Boni- 
face, Arcubibbop or Cantxrburv, with divers 
other prelates, pronounced that solemn curse, with 
candles lighted against all those who should thence- 
forth violate Magna Crarta. In two years after- 
wards, an attempt was made by Walter de Sootenay, 
hts diief oounedlor, to poison the earl and his 
brother WiHiam# which proved efltetive as to the 



CLA 

latter, wUle his lordship narrowly escaped, with 
the kMB of his hair and nails. In the next year, the 
earl was commissioned with others of the nobility, 
by the appointment of the king, and the whole 
baronage of En^bmd, to the parliament of France, 
to convey King Henry III.'s resipiation of Nor- 
mandy, and to a4)ust all difibrences between the 
two crowns; and upon the return of the mission, 
his lordship reported proceedings to the ktaig, in 
parliament. About this period, he had licence to 
fortify the Isle of Portland, and to embattle it as a 
fortress. It is reported of this noblefium, that being 
at Tewkesbury, in the 4ath Henry III., a Jew, who 
had fallen into a Jakes, upon the Saturday, refusing 
to be pulled out in reverence to the Jewish sabbath, 
his lordship prohibited any help to be aflbrded him 
on the next day, Sunday, the Christian sabbath, 
and thus sufltered the unfortunate Israelite to perish. 
He d. himself, in the July of the next year. (1262,) 
having been poisoned at the table of Peter de Savoy, 
the queen's uncle, along with Baldwin. Earl of 
Devon, and other persons of note. His lordship 
left issue, 

GiLBBRT, his successor. 

Thomas, who was governor of the city of Lon- 
don, in the 1st Edward I., and d. in the I5th ^ r 
of the same reign, leaving by Aaay; his wife. ^ t*-^ 
daughter of Sir Morris Fita-Morris. n ISk-. JV 



;A' 



Gilbert, who died *.p.^~~~' 

Richard, if. in the liliBtlme of his fkther, 

leaving a son, Thonuu, who dieds. jb. 
Thomas, whose daughters, 

Margaret, wifJB of Bartholomew Badles- 
. mere. 

Maud, wife of Robert, Lord Cliflbrd, of 
Appleby, became eventually his co- 



"^^ 



Roae, m, to Roger de Mowbray. 

Margaret, m. to Edmund, Earl of Cornwall, and 
died «. p. 
The earl was «. by his dder son, 

GILBERT DE CLARE, somamed the Red, 
seventh Earl of HertHord, and third Earl oi Glou- 
cester, who, by the king's procurement, espoused, 
in the lifetime of his fkther, Alice, daughter of 
Guy. Earl of Angoulesme, and niece of the King of 
France, which monarch bestowed upon the lady a 
marriage portion of five thousand marks. This 
nobleman, who, like his predecessors, was aealous in 
the cause of the barons, proceeded to London, im- 
mediatdy after the defeat sustained by the insur- 
rectionary lords at Northampton, (48th Henry III.,) 
in order to rouse the dtiaens, which having effected, 
he received the honour of knighthood, firom MmU- 
fordt Earl or Lbicbstbr, at the head of the army 
at Lewes; of which army, his lordship, with John 
Fita-John, and WiUlam de Montchensi, commanded 
the second brigade, and having mainly contributed 
to the victory, in whidi the king and prince became 
prisoners, while the whole power of the realm fell 
into the hands ot the victors, the earl procured a 
grant under the great seal of all the lands and pos« 
sessions lying m England, of Jotm de Warren, Earl 
of Surrey, one of the most fkithfUl adherents of 
the king, excepting the castles of RIegate and 
Lewes, to hold during the pleasure of the crown. 



CLA 



CLA 



heaoon aftar, with 
c&torted ftom the capdrm moBardk • commiastaB 
•utlMiKisfaig Stephen, then Bisaop or CHicaBSTBii, 
ahmem Men^/brd, Eabl or LaicBiTBB, and hiooadf, 
to nomhMtB nine peraooa of ** tho oMiat faithfUI, 
pnident* and moat atudioua ot the public weal," 
aa w^ prdataa aa otfaen, to manage all things ac> 
oofdlng to the laws and customa of the reafan, until 
the oonaultatlona at Lewes should terminate. Be- 
coming Jealoua,howeTer, of the power of LBicnernn, 
the earl soon after abandoned the baronial standard, 
and having assisted in procuring the liberty of the 
king and prince, commanded the second brigade of 
the royal army, at the triumphant battle of £▼■• 
9MAM, whidi restored the kingly power to its ftmner 
hiatre. In reward of these eminant services lie 
leoalTed a ftiD pardon for htanadf and hia brother 
Thomaasof all prior treasons, and the custody of 
the caatle oi BcrgaTanny« during the minority of 
ilaad* wifs of Humphrey de Bohun. Hia lordship 
Toered again tkowgh in his allegiance, and he does 
not eppeer to have been sincerdy reconciled to the 
royal caaea^ until U70, in which yeer demanding 
fcom Prinee Edward repayment of the expenaes he 
had Incurred at the battle of Evesham, with livery of 
aU the cMtles and lands whidi hia ancestors had 
poasessed, and those demands having been complied 
with, he thenceforward became a good and loyal 
auhlect of the crown. Upon the death of King 
Henry, the Earl of Hertford and Gloucester was 
one of the lords who met at the Nnw Tsmplb in 
LoxDOH, to procfadm Paiwcn Edwabd, then in 
the Holy Land, successor to the crown, and so soon 
as the new monarch returned to England, his lord- 
ship was the first to entertain him and his whole 
retinue, with great magnificence, for several days 
at bis castle of Tonebruge. In the lath Edward I., 
hia lordship divorced hia wife, Alices the French 
princess, and in consideration of her illustrious 
birth, granted for her support during her Ufe, six 
exttealve manors and parks, and he married in a 
few years afterwarda Joavb op Acaa, daughter of 
King Edward I., upon which occaaion he gave up 
the inheritance of all his castles and manors, aa wdl 
In W^W^ aa in Wales, to his royal fiather-in-law, 
to dispose of as he might think proper; which 
manon, Ac., were cntdled by the king upon the 
earf a iasue, by the said Joane, and in defoult, upon 
her hcbs and aaslgns, should she survive his lord- 
ship. By this lady, he had issue, 

G11.BKKT, his successor. 

Alianore, m. first, to Hugh le Despenoer, and 
secondly, to William, Lord Zouche, of Morti- 



K.G., and had an only daughter and 



Margaret, »ii. first, to Piers Gavestone, and 
secondly, to Hugh de Audley, who waa even- 
tuaUy cieeled Earl of (jf louoester. 
Elisabeth, nib first, to John de Burgh, son of 
Richard, Earl of Ulster, by whom she had 
issue, 
Wtniam, Eabi. op UtarBB, who m, Maud, 
sister of Henry Plantagenet, Duke of 
Lancaater, and left a daughter and 
hrireas, 
Elisabbtr db Bubor, who m. Lionel 
nmkigenet, Oukk op Clabbncb, 



PHILIPPA PLAlfTAOBNBf, whO 

m. Edioard Mortimer, Eabjl op 

Mabcb, and throu^ her the 

house of York derived its dalm 

to the throne. 

His lordship d. in ISM, and the Countess Joaae^ 

surviving, married a " pbdn esquire," called Ralph 

de Monthermer, clandestinely, without the king 

her fkthet's knowledge; but to which aUiance he 

waa reconciled through the intercession of Anthony 

Beke, the criefarated BUhop of Durham, and be» 

came eventually mudi attached to his new soo-ln- 

law, 

RALPH DE MONTHERMER, who, during the 
lifetime of the Princess Joene, his wilb, enjoyed the 
earldoms of Hbbtpord akd Gu>vcb8tbb, and was 
summoned to parliament In those dignides, ftom 
6th February, 1S9D, to 3rd November, 1906, Jure 
MMrie J but Joane dying in 1907* he never afterwarda 
waa so summoned but aa a barou, under the desig- 
nation of '* Radulpho de Monthermer," (see Mon- 
thermer). We now return to 

GILBERT DE CLARE, whoauceaededhbflrther, 
and at the deoeeae of his mother, Joane, berame 
Eablop Hbbtpobd and Eabi. op GitOucBaTsn. 
His lordship m. Maud, daughter of Richard de 
Burgh, Eabl op Ulstbb, but Iklling at the battle 
of Bahnockbubn in 1313, and leaving no issue, his 
large possessions devolved upon his three sisters aa 
co-hetresses, and the babloomb op OLOvcBerBli 
AND Hbbtpobd became bxtinct. 
Abms.— Or. three chevrons gu. 

CLARE— EARLS OF PEMBROKE. 

By Creation, anno 1138, 3rd of King Staphm. 

Xiiicast. 

GILBERT DE CLARE, aecond son of Olltaart 
de Tonebruge, feudal Lord of Clare, and brother of 
Richard da Clare, first Earl of Hertford, having 
obtained ftom King Henry I. a licence to enjoy all 
the lands he should win in Wales, marched a larfe 
force into Cardiganshire, and brought the whole 
country under subjection : here he soon afterwarda 
built two strong castles ; and his power increasing, 
he was created by King Stephen, in 1138, Eabl op 
Pbmbbokb. His lordship m. Eliiabeth, dster of 
Waleran, Eart of Mellent, and had issue, 

Ricbabd, sumamed Stbonobow, his auc- 



Baldwln, who fell at the battle of Linootai, 

flghtin^ under the banner ot King Stephen. 
Basilia, m. to Raymond, son of William Fita- 
Gerald of Ireland. 
The earl d. in 1U9, and waa «. by hia elder son, 

RICHARD DE CLARE, (the celebrated Strong- 
bow,) second Earl of Pembrolie. This nobleman 
waa one of the witneases to the solemn agreement* 
made in 1153, between Ktaig Stephen and Henry, 
Duke of Normandy, whereby the latter waa to suc- 
ceed to the English throne upon the decease of the 
former. But the leading part he subsequently had 
in the subjugation, Ireland procuring him a con- 



CLA 



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•picuoiu place in hUtory. we •hall relate the par- 
ticulars of that event in the words of the Monk of 
Jorevaulx-~"The realm of Ireland," lalth he, 
" being miaerably opprett with warr by the many 
kings there, who banded against each other ; one of 
them sent his son into England to procure souldiers 
thence for his aid. Which souldiers for the hope of 
gain, giving him assistance, were so well reoompeao- 
ed, as that they rather chose to stay there than return 
into England. But after a short time the stoutest 
people of Ireland, being much offended with that 
king for getting aid from England, the English 
already fixed in Ireland, sent for more from hence, 
to strengthen their party : and because they had no 
chief, they made choice of this Earl Richard, (a 
•tout and valiant man,) to be their captain, who, 
yielding to their request, rigging a good fleet, pre- 
pared for the journey. Whereupon there were 
•ome who, in the king's behalf, endeavoured to re- 
strain him. Howbeit, getting on shipboard, and 
landing safe, he assaulted DubUn, and took it ; the 
tidings whereof so terrified those that lived afar off, 
that they were content to be at peace with him;' 
and, to confirm what he had got, gave him in mar- 
riage, Eva» daughter of Dermot McMurrough, one 
of their kings, with whom he had in dower a great 
part of the realm. Whereat the king of England 
growing much displeased, as well, for that he had 
not only, without his consent, but forbidden, made 
ao great an attempt, seised upon all his patrimony 
here, prohibiting that he should have further 
aid ; and threatening him otherwise very sore, com- 
pelled him so to such a compliance, as that he got 
Dublin from him, and all the principal places he 
had won, requiring him to be content with the rest, 
and his patrimony in England: soon after raising a 
great army the king sayled thither himself." In the 
end the earl was constituted Justice of Ireland by 
Kino Hknry II., and having founded the priory of 
KiLMAiNRAM, in the province of Leinster, for 
knights' hoepitalars, ** This emhient person," Dug- 
dale concludes, *■ died untimely upon the nones of 
April, anno 1176, and was bxiried in the Chapter- 
House at Gloucester, as may be seen by this inscrip- 
tion on the waUtherei Hicjacet Ricabdub Strono- 
Bow, Alius GiLBBBTi Comitis de Pkmbrokb." 
Leaving issue, as some say, one son, scarce three 
years old, to be his heir. But by others it is re- 
ported that, being by treachery abused and wounded, 
he departed this life the fifth year after his acqui- 
sition of the province of Leinster, and that he was 
buried at Dublin, leaving issue one only daughter 
and heiress, 

Ibabbl, who became in ward to King Henry 11. 
and remained imder the royal guardianship 
for the space of fourteen years, when she was 
given in marriage to Wili.iam Mabsmal, 
who thereupon became Eabl or Pbmbbokb 
' (see Marshal, Earl of Pembroke). 
ABM8.>-Or. t^ree chevrons, gu. a lab e l o f -five 

Note.— Hackbt, in his collection of epitaphs, 
gives the following from the tomb of Stromobow, 
at Christ's Church, Dublin:— 
■' Nate ingrate, mihi pugnauti tcrga dedisti, 
" Non mihi, sed gcntl, regno quoque terga dedistL" 



This alludes, says Banks, to a story that Strong- 
bow's only son, a youth about seventpso, frighted 
with the Bttmtaers and ululations of the Irish In a 
great battle, ran awayi hut being affcervards in- 
formed of hb father's victory, he joyfully roturoed 
to coogratulate hinu But the severe general having 
Bnt upbraided him with his cowardice* ca md t him 
to be immediately eatecuted by cutting off in the 
middle with a sword. Such, in former times* was 
the detesUtioD of dastardliness I ! I 

CLARE^BARON GLARE. 

By Writ of Sununons, dated Sfith October, \9U$, 
3 Edward IL 

Xineasc. 

RICHARD DE CLARE was stuBmened feo per- 
liament as a babon on the Mth October, 1909, but 
never afterwards. Of this nobleman nothing fiirther 
is known, and Dugdale makes no mentiou of him 
ataU. 



GLAV£RING -^ BARONS CLAVER* 

INO. 

By Writ of Summons, dated Snd November, 1S95, 
23 Edward I. 

EUSTACE FITZ-JOHN, (nephew and heir of 
Serio de Burgh, the founder of Knaresborough Cas- 
tle,) one of the most powerful of the northern ba- 
rons, and a great favorite with King Henry I., mar- 
ried Beatrice, only daughter and heiress of Yvo 
de Vesd, Lord of Alnwick in Northumberland, 
and dS Halton in Yorkshire* by whom he had 
issue, 

William, firom whom the great baronial family 

of De Vesd sprang. 
Oefibry. 
He m. secondly, Agnes, daughter and heiress of 
William Fits-Nigel, Babon or Halton, and con- 
stable of Chester, and with her acquired those dig- 
nities. By this lady he had a son. his successor, 

RICHARD FITZ-EUSTACE, Baron of Halton, 
and constable of Chester. This Richard m. AI- 
hrada Li»ures, half sister of Robert de Lacy, and 
had issue, 

John, who assumed the surname of Lacy, and 

succeeded his father as constable of Chester. 

Heii. 85th Henry IL, leaving one son, 

Henry de Lacy, whose ohly daughter m. the 

Earl of Ijaneaster. 

Robert, the hoqiitaller, that is of the hospital of 

Su John of Jerusalem, in England. 
Roger* 
The youngest son, 

ROGER FITZ-RICHARD, who was feudal Ba- 
ron «f Warkwortb, in the county of Northumber- 
land, a lordship granted to him by King Henry IL, 
m. Alienor, daughter and co-beir of Henry of 
Essex, Baron of Raleigh, and was «. by his only 
son. 
ROBERT FITZ-ROGER, who m. Margaret, 



CliA 

oBlf Child and htknm of WUItem d* Cl^ffMy. by 
wliom he acquirtd th« tarony of Hob«fo&p, In the 
county of Norfolk, and had an only ton* Jobw. 
This Robert obtained a eonfinnation upon the acoat- 
sion of King John, of the castle and manor of Wabk- 
woKTHj of the manor of CiiATaaiiro in Eoex, and 
of the manor of £uiib» in Buckinghamshire* to 
bold by the service of one knight's fee each. And 
in that monarch's reign he served the office of 
sheriff for Northumberland, Norfolk, and Suffolk i 
tag each county thrice. In the conflict betweto 
John end the Uvons this powerful person, although 
faodebted to the crown for immense territorial poa- 
aessions, took part in the first instatwe with the 
latter, but under the apprehension of confiscation, 
and the other visitations of royal vengeance, he was 
Tery soon induced to return to hisaUegianca. He d. 
in U40, and was «. by his son, 

JOHN FITZ.ROBERT. to whom King John, 
in the 14th year of his reign, ratified the grant of 
the castle and manor of Wakkwohts, made by 
King Henry IL, to his grandfather, Roger Fita- 
Richard, as also of the manor of Clavkriwo. In 
three years afterwards he was appointed Joint gover- 
wor with John Marshall, of the castles of Norwich 
and Oxford; but joining in the insurrection of the 
barons, and being chosen one of the twenty-five 
appointed to exercise the regal authority, his lands 
were seised by the king, and a part confiscated. 
Retoraing, however, to his allagiance in the next 
reign, his castles and estates were restored to him. 
In the 9th of Henry III. he was constituted sherilT 
of Northumberland, and governor of the town of 
NewcBstIe-upoD>Tyiie; end in the ISth of the same 
mooaccb he was one of the great northern barons 
iffpointed by special command of the king to wait 
upon Alexander, king of Scotland, at Berwick-upon- 
Tweed, and to conduct that prince to York, there 
to meet the king of England, " to treat upon car- 
tain afiixs of great importance." His lordship m. 
Ada de Baliol, and had issuer 

Rooan, his successor. 

Hugh, sumamed " De Eure," from whom the 
Lords Eure descended. 

Robert, ancestor of the Eures of Azholm, in 
Lincolnshire^ 
He d. m I840> and was «. by his eldest son. 

ROGER FITZ^OHN, feudal Baron of Wark- 
worth and Clavaring, who d. hi U49, and was «. by 
bisson, 

ROBERT FITZ-ROGER, then Ux infancy, 
whose tuitkm was committed to William de Va- 
lence, the king's brother, although Ada de BaUol, 
the grandmother of the child, oflteed two thousand 
two hundred marks for the wardship. This feudal 
lord became eventually so eminent in the Scottish 
wars of King Edward I., particularly in the battle 
of Faukirk, and other memorable conflicu, that he 
was suannoned to parliament as a babok on the and 
November, U9S, and subsequently assisted with his 
son Joaif, who assumed, by the king's appoint* 
ment, the tMinamt of CLATaaiifo, at the cala* 
brated siege ef Kabbi^avbrok. Hie lordship m, 
Maigarac de la 9ouch«^ and had lifua, seven sona, 
via,— 

JoHjr, hie sueoevor. 



lad. ^ 
Oder, I 

:• J 



CLI 

Edmund, 
Alexander, 

Robert, ^ all died «. p. 
Henry, 
Roger, 

Alan (Sir) m. Isabella, ddeat daughter and co- 
heir of William Riddell; and from this union 
descend e d the Baroneu CiJiTBBiwa of Axp 
well, in the county of Durham, the Cla. 
verings of Callely, in Northumberland, the 
Claverings of Leardiild, the Claverlngs of 
Tilmouth, in the coimCy of Durham, and 
other eminent families. 
He d. about the year 1311, and was s. by his eldest 
son, 

JOHN DE CLAVERINO, eeeond banm, who 
had summons to parliament from the 10th April, 
1299, to the Mth November, 1331. This nobleifian 
had distinguished himself, in his father's lifetime, 
in the French and Scotch wars, and was taken pri- 
soner at the battle of Strivelyn. His kndship m. 
Hawyse, daughter of Robert da Tibetot, end had an 
only daughter. 

Eve, who m. first, Ralph de Uflbid, and 
secondly, Thomas de Audley, by both of 
whom she had issuer 
Lord Clavering, hmg before his death, being doubt- 
ful of having male issuer made a feofftaient to 
Stephen de Tralford, whereby he vested the inheri- 
tance of his castle and manor of WABKwt>RTH in 
the said Stephen, with other manors, for the intent 
that he should reconvey them to his lordship for 
life, with remainder to the king and his heirs. In 
consideration whereof the king granted unto the 
baron and his heirs divers lands and hereditaments, 
then valued at £400. per annum. His lordship d. 
at his manor of Aynho, in Nortiiamptonshire, in 
1338, when thoee great estates, falling to the crown, 
were divided thua— 

Wabkwortb, and the manors in Northum- 
berland, granted to Henry de Perd, are still 
part of the possessions of the ducal fomily of 
Northumberland. 
Aymro anb Horsvord, in Northamptonshire 
and Norfolk, to Ralph de Neville, end his 
heirs. 
Clatbrino, in Essex, to the deceased lord's 
brother Edmund, for Ufe, and in remainder to 
the above Ralph Neville end his hdrs. 
In this very ui^ustifiable manner were the descend- 
ants of his lordship's youngest brother deprived of 
their fUr inharitancsk At the decease of Lord CU- 
veriBg the BAaoB v should have devolved upon his 
daughter, Etb, and it is now probably in abby- 
ANCB amongst that lady's descendants. 
Anna Quarterly or. and gu. over all a bend sa. 

CLIFTORD — EARLS OF CUMBER- 
LAND. 

Created by Letters Patent, dated 18th June, 1595, 
17 Henry YIII. 



XincBgc. 



The first of this ancient family of whom Doe- 
X>ALB takes notice, was called Pavcv* who is 

U6 



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repreaenled u leaving three Mms, Welter and Dru, 
considerable landed proprietors in the Conqueror's 
survey, and 

RICHARD FITZPONCE, a personage of rank 
in the time of |f<tBMii L, and a liberal benefttctor 
to the church ; thi^>Richard left also three sons, 
of whom the second. Waiter, having obtained Clif- 
r3RD Castie, in Herefordshire, with his wife, Mar- 
garet, daughter of Ralph de Toney, a descendant 
from William Fitaoabom, Earl of Herefbrd, by 
whom the castle was erected, assumed thence hii 
surname, and became 

WALTER DE CLIFFORD. This feudal lord, 
who was in influence in the reign of Henry II., left 
at his decease, two sons and two daughters, via. — 
Waltbr, his heir. 
Richard, from whom the Giffbrd* of Framp- 

ton, in Glouoeatershire, descended. 
Rosamond, so wdl known as " Faik Roba- 
MOND," the celebrated mUtreu of Henry II., 
by whom she was mother of William Lon- 
gespee, Earl of Salisbury. For this lady, the 
monarch caused to be constructed the famous 
labyrinth at Woodstock; and he is said to 
tyive presented her with a cabinet of such 
' exquisite workmanship, that the devices 
upon it, zefiresenting champions in combat, 
moving cattle, flying Urds, and swimming 
flshes, seemed as though they were, in reality, 
animated. At her decease. Fair RosAMOif d 
was interred In the Chapter House of the 
nunnery, at Oodstow, and the ftdlowing 
epitaph placed upon her tomb : — 
*■ Hie jaoet in Tumb& Rosa mundi, non 
Rosa MimoA, 
Non redolet, sed olet, quae redol^re solet." 
Another account, however, states, that her 
memory and remains were treated with oblo- 
quy, after the death of her royal protector. 
In 1191, it is said that Hugh, Bislu^ of Lin- 
coln, being at Godstow, upon his visitation, 
observing in the church, near the high altar, 
a herse covered with silk, and surrounded 
by numerous burning lights, demanded an 
explanation, and being informed by the nuns, 
that it contained the remains of '* Fair Rosa- 
mond," whom King Henry so dearly loved, 
and for whose sake he had been a munifloent 
benefactor to the house, having conferred 
large revenues for the maintenance of those 
lights, the indignant prelate exclaimed— 
*' Hence with her ! the king's allbctions were 
unlawful, and adulteroua— remove her from 
this sacred ediflce, and bury her with other 
common people— that religion be not vilifled, 
and that other women be deterred from such 
abandoned courses <" 
Lucia, m. flrat, to Hugh de Say, of Richard's 
Castle, and secondly, to Bartholomew de 
Mortimer. 
Walter de Cliflbrd waa «. by his elder son, 

WALTER DE CLIFFORD, who m. Agnes, 
only daughter and heiress of Roger de Cundi, Lord 
of the manors of Covenby and Glentham, in the 
county of Lincoln, by Alice his wifie, Lady of Hom- 
castle, daughter and heizeas of WUUam de Cheney, 
li6 



lord of those manors in the Conqueror's time, by 
whom he had issue, Waltsr, Roger, Giles, and 
Richard. He was sheriff of Herefbrdshire, in the 
1st, 8th, 9th, and 17th John, and dying in the 
7th of Henry III., was «. by his eldest son, 

WALTER DE CLIFFORD. This feudal lord 
hdd a very high place in the estimation of King 
Henry III., until the rebellion of Richard Mares- \ 

chal. Earl of Pembroke, when, taking part with 
that nobleman, his lands were conflacated and him- 
self outlawed. The royal displeasure did not, how- 
ever, endure any length of time, for we And him 
soon afterwards restored to his castle of Clifford, 
and during the many subsequent years ai the same 
reign, eqjoying the full confldence of the crown. 
At the coronation of Queen Eleanor, consort of 
King Henry, he claimed with the other barons- 
marchers, as Jim Maretus, to carry the canopy, 
which belonged to the barons of the Cinque Ports. 
This Walter de Clifford in. Margaret, daughter of 
Lewelyn, Prince of Wales, and widow of John de 1 

Braose, by whom hehad an only daughter and heiress, 
Maud, who m. first, William de Longespee, 
Earl of Salisbury, and secondly. Sir John 
Giflbrd of Brimsfleld. 
Walter de Clifford (L in the 48th Henry III., when 
the continuation of the male line of the fkmily de* 
volved upon his nephew, 

ROGER DE CLIFFORD, (son of Roger de 
Clifford, by Sibill, daughter and co-heiress of Robert 
de Ewyas, a great Baron of Herefordshire, and 
widow of Robert, Lord Tregos,) who, for his staunch 
adherence to Henry III., was appointed, after the 
victory of Evesham, justice of all the king's forests 
south of Trent, and obtained a grant at the same 
time, of the lordship of Kingsbury, in the county 
of Warwick, forfeited by Sir Ralph de Bracebrigge, 
Knt. He was afterwards firequently employed 
against the Welsh, and lost his eldest son, Roger, 
who had married Isabel, daughter and co-heiress of | 

Robert de Vipount, Lord and hereditary Sheriff of ^ 

Westmoreland, in one of those conflicts. Roger 
de Clifford d, in 14th of Edward I., and was s. by 
(the son of his deceased son above mentioned) 
his grandson, 

ROBERT DE CLIFFORD, who was summoned 
to parliament as a baron, from the S9th December, 
1999, (28th Edward I.,) to 96th November, 1313, 
(7th Edward II.). This nobleman participated in the 
Scottish wars of King Edward I., and had a principal 
command in the English army. He fell in the fol- 
lowing reign, at the battle of Bannockbum. His ^, 
lordship m. Maud, daughter and co-heiress cfj^^* i 
mirtiaift de Clare, Bail Of O lUUw e tte ^ and was «. Sf^^ 
by his son, ' 

ROGER DE CLLFEPRD. seccmd h«ran, Arom . 
whom we pass to 0«Vf^ W Pu'^iUyf ^ ^^ftjC^n^- 
HENRY DE CLIFFORD, the eleventh baron{ /^ 
who was created by letters patent, dated 18th June, '^ 
IfiBS, Earl or Cvmbrrland, and dignified with '^ 
the Garter, in 1538. This nobleman obtained large 
grants out of the monastic spoliations, and was 
entrusted with a principal command in the army 
which invaded Scotland in the 34th of Henry VIII. 
His lordship m. first, Margaret, daughter of George 
Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury, by whom he had no 



CLI 



CU 



iMue; and wteoodXj, MaryMnat. drafhUrof Henry 
9mKj, Earl of Northumberland, toy whom he had* 
HsNRT, Lord Cliflbrd, hiaiuooeHor. 
Ingeram (Sir)* who m. Auie, daughter and lole 
hciKH of Sir Henry RatcUIT, hut dying «. p, 
left Ua y i o'p ei iy to hia nephew, George, Earl 
of Cumberland. 
Catherine, m. firtt, to John, Lord Scroope, of 
BoItOD, and aeoondly, to Sir Richard Chol- 
mdey, by the latter of whom she had 
Sib Hsnay Cbolmonblky, of Grand* 
mount and Raxby, who had 
RxcHARO (Sir), Sheriff of YorksMre, in 
the last year of King James 1., whose 
son, 
HvoH, was created a baronet, lOth 
August, 1641, and was «. by his son, 
Sia William, second baronet, 
who left daughters only, hia 
co-heirs, the eldest of whom, 
Eliaabeth, m. Sir Edward 
Daring, of Surenden. 
Maud, m. to John, Lord Coniers of Hornby, in 

the county of York. 
Elisabeth, «. to Sir Christopher Metcalf, of 

Napper, Yorkshire. 
Jane^ m. to Sir John Huddlestone, of MiUum 
Castle, in the county of Cumberland. 
By the last will and testament of this nobleman, 
he devised, amongst other bequests, three hundred 
marks to be expended upon his funeral; to his 
daughter, Eliaabeth, £1000, if she should marry an 
rl, or an earl's son ; if a baron, a thousand 
if a knight, eight hundred marks. His 
lOKdshlp d. in the 34th of Henry VIIL, and was«. by 
Madder son, 

HENRY CLIFFORD, second earl, who had been 
made a Kni^t of the Bath at the coronation of Queen 
Anne Boleyne. This nobleman m. first, Eleanor, 
daughter and co-heiress of Charles Brandon, Duke 
of SuflUk, and nieceof King Henry VIIL, by whom 
he had an only surrlving child, 

Margaret, m. to Henry Stanley, then Lord 
Strange, and afterwards Earl of Derby. 
His lordship m. secondly, Anne, daughter of Wil- 
Uam Lord Daoes, ot Gillealand, by whom he had 
surriring issue, 

GaoBOB, Lord Cliflbrd. 
Francis. 

Frances, m. to PhiUp Lord Wharton. 
The earl d. 8th January, IMP, and was «. by his 



GEORGE CLIFFORD, third earl, then in hia 
eleventh year, who was phused by Queen Eliaabeth 
mder the guardianship of Francis Russell, second 
Earl of Bedlbcd, whose third daughter. Lady Mar- 
garet Russell, he eventually espoused, and had an 
only surviving dau^ter, 

Awira, boni 30th January, 1758, who m. first, 
Richard Sackville, second Earl of Dotset, 
by whom she had three sons, who died 
young, and two daughters, vis. 

Maboabbt, m. to John Tufton, second 

Earl of Thanet. 
leABBL, fN* to James, Earl of Northamp- 
ton. 



The CouBteas of Doner m. secondly, Philip 
Herbert, Earl of Pembroke and Montgo- 
mery, K.O., and lord-chambe»liin of the 
household ; but had no issue. . This bkiy 
claimed the barony of Cliflbrd in I6S6, and 
the hearing of her petition was appointed for 
the next session ; but no ftirther proceedings 
ensued. Her ladyship d. in I9f^ ^m de- 
scendant, however, Thomas, sixth Barl of 
Thanet, preferred his claim to the barony, 
and had it acknowledged by the house of 
tords in 1691 1 but the dignity Ml into 
abeyance at his decease, in 17B9, between his 
daughters and co-heirs, and so .remained 
until terminated by the crown, in 1734, in 
£svour of the third daughter, Margaret, 
Countesy of Leicester, at whose deceese, in 
1775, it again became suspended, until again 
revived in fkvour of Eowabd Southwbll, 
Esq., who became Lord de Cliilbrd, and 
whose son is the pre se nt lord. 
Earl George was educated at the university of Cam- 
bridge, and attaching himself to the study of ma- 
thematics, imbibed so decided a paasion for naviga- 
tion, that he became soon afterwards eminent as a 
naval commander, having undertaken at his own 
expense several voyages for the public service; but 
^att and a passion for tournaments, horse-racing, 
and similar pursuits, made such inroads upon his 
fortune, that he was said to have wasted more of his 
estate than any one of his ancestors. His lordship 
was elected a Knight of the Garter in lOBt. Hia 
character is thus depicted in the MS. memoirs 
of his celebrated daughter, Anne, Countess of Dor- 
set and Pembroke: — *' He was endowed with many 
perfections of nature befitting so noble a personage, 
as an excellent quickneas of wit and apprehenaion, 
an active and strong body, and an aflhUedispocition 
and bdiaviour. But as good natures, through hu- 
man frailty, are oftentimes misled, so he Ml to love 
a lady of quality, whidi did, by d eg r e es , draw and 
aliene his love and aflbctlona ftrom his so virtuous 
and well-deserving wife; it being the cause of many 
discontents betwee n them for many years together, 
so that at length, for two or three yean beft»re hia 
death, they parted houses, to her extreme grief and 
sorrow, and also to his extrsme sorrow at the time 
of his death ; for he died a very penitent man. He 
died in the duchy-house, called the Savoy, 30th Oc- 
tober, 1600, aged forty-seven years, two months, and 
twenty-two days, being bom at Brougham Caatle, 
8th August, 1068." 

His lordship leaving no male isaue, the barony re- 
mained for some yean in abeyance, but eventually 
devolved upon the descendants his daughten, by 
one of whom it is at present inherited, while the 
earldom passed to his only brother, 

FRANCIS CLIFFORD, fourth earl, who m. 
Grissel, daughter of Mr. Thomaa Hughes, of Ux- 
bridge, and widow of Edward Nevill, Lord Berga- 
venny, by whom he had surviving issue, 
Henry, Lord Cliflbrd. 

Margaret, m. to Sir Thomas Wentworth, ai 
Wentworth-Woodhouse, in the county of 
York, afterwards Earl of jStraflbrd. 
Frances, m. to Sir Gervase Clifton, Bart, of 

l«7 



GLI 



CLI 



CUftOBf in tiM county of Notdnghun, (his 

leoond wife). 
Of this nOUMnan, the Countan of Donet nys, 
" He was an honourable gentleman* and of a good, 
noble^ sweet, and oourteoua natural and soine 
twenty yean before the Earl PrancU died* hit son, 
Henry Lord CliUbrd, did absolutely govern both him 
and tds estate, be being then forty-nine yean of age, 
wanting forty days, at the time of his fkther's do- 
cease." His lordship d. in 1641, and waa «. by hU 
son, 

HENRY CLIFFORD, llfth earl, who in. Frances, 
only daughter of Robert Cecil, Earl of Salisbury, 
and had an only surviving daughter and heiress, 
Elisabeth, m. to Richard, second Earl of Cork, 

and flnt Earl of Burlington, who waa created 

Banm Cl{jffbrdt nf Lanttborough, in the 

cettfKy qf York, in 1644. 
The earl died in the year previously, when the kari/- 
soM or CuMBBULAiTD bccame nxrilrcT. Upon 
his lordship's decease, all the castles and lands 
which he had inherited through his uncle, George, 
the fourth earl, reverted, by a deed of entail, to 
thAt nobleman's daughter, Anne, Couwrsaa or 

DORSBT AND PBMBIMKB. 

Arms.— Checqute or. and aa. a fesse gules. 

NoTB. — '* Beneath the altar. In Skepton church," 
says Whittaknr, in his History of the Deanery of 
Craven, in the county of York, '* is the vault of the 
ClURyrds, the place of their Interment from the dis- 
solution of Bolton priory to the death of the last 
Earl of Cumberland, which, after having been closed 
many yean, I obtained permission to examine, 
S9th March, 180& The original vault, intended only 
for the first earl and his second lady, had undergone 
two enlargements; and the bodies having been de- 
posited in chronological order, flnt, and imme- 
dlatdy under his tomb, lay Henry, the flnt earl, 
whose lead ooffln was much corroded, and exhi- 
Uted the skeleton of a short and very stout man, 
with a long head of flaxen hair, gathered in a knot 
behind the skuU. The coflin had been ckiady 
fitted to the body, and proved him to have been 
very corpulent as well as muscular. Next lay the 
remains of Margaret Percy, his second wife, whose 
coflin was still entirei She must have been a slen- 
der and diminutive woman. The third was « the 
lady EUenor's grave,' whose coflin was much de- 
cayed, and exhibited the skeielon (as might be ex- 
pected in a daughter of Charles Brandon, and the 
sister of Henry VIIL), of a tall and large-limbed 
female. At her right hand was Henry, the second 
earl, a very tall and rather slender man, whose then 
envelope of lead really r es em bled a winding-sheet, 
and folded like a coarse drapery round the Hmbs. 
The head was beaten to the left side; something of 
the shape of the fkoe might have been distinguished, 
and a long prominent nose was very consplcuons. 
Next lay Francis, Lord Cliflbrd, a boy. At hie right 
hand was his fisther, George, the third earl, whose 
lead coffin preds^ rewm b fcd the outer case of an 
Egyptian mummy, with a rude face, and something 
nke a female mamm* cast upon it, as were also the 
figures and letten, ' O. C. 1600.' The body was 
closely wrapped in ten folds of eoane cere cloth, 
which, being removed, exhibited the face so entire, 
1£8 



(only turned to a copper colour,) as plainly to le- 
semUe his portraits. All Ms painten, however, had 
the complaisance to omit three huge warts upon the 
left cheek. The ooffln of Earl Frands, who lay 
next to his brother, was of the modern shape, and 
akme had an outer shell of wood, whidi wss covered 
with leather. The soldering had decayed, and no- 
thing appeared but the ordiuury skdeton of a tall 
man. This earl had never been embalmed. Over 
him lay another coflhi, much decayed, which I sus- 
pect had contained Um Lady Anne Dacre, his mo- 
ther. Last lay Henry, the fifth earl, in a coffin of 
the same form with that of his fisther. Lead not 
allowtng at absorption, nor s narrow vault (rfmudi 
evaporation, a good deal of moisture remained in 
the coffin, and some hair about the skulL Both 
these coffins had been cut open. Room might have 
been found for another slender body; but the 
Countess of Pembroke chose to be buried at Ap- 
pleby, partly, perhajw, because her beloved mother 
was interred there, and partly that she might not 
mingle her ashes with rivals and enemies.** 

CLIFTON— BAKONS CLIFTON. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 1st December, 197^, 
00 Edward IIL 

XiiicasB. 

ROGER DB CLIFTON, Esquire to Thomas, 
Lord Catli^i, m. Margerie, the sister of that no- 
bleman, and left issue, 

ADAM DE CLIFTON, who, in his nfaith year, 
inherited the great esutes of his unde. Lord CaiUI, 
which included those of the family of Tatshall, de> 
rived by that nobleman ftom his mother, Emme, 
one of the co-hdn of Robert de TatshalL This 
Adam had a son, CuN8TAirri2VB, who p re de c eased 
him, leaving a son, the said Adam*8 successor, 

JOHN DE CLIFTON, who was summoned to 
parliament as a baron from 1st Deeember, 1376* to 
SBOt July, laM. His tordship <i. hi the latter year 
at Rhodes possessed, amongst other lands, of the 
castle of Bokenham, and manor of Babhigle, In the 
county of Norfolk ; which castle he held by per- 
forming the office of butler at the king's coran*- 
tlon. He was «. by his son, 

CONSTANTINE DE CLIFTON, second 
baron, summoned to parliament ftom 19th No- 
vember, laSS, to the flOth of the lame month in 
the next year. This nobleman rf. in 1900, leaving 
issue, 

Jon IT (Sir). 

EHsabeth, m. to Sir John Knevit, Knt., and 
had issue, 

JOR?r KlTBVIT. 

His lordship's son and hdr, 

SIR JOHN DE CLIFTON, third baron, but- 
never summoned to parliament* m. Joane* daughter 
said co>4ieir of Sir Edward Thorpe, by whom he had 
a daughter and h e ire ss , 

Margaret, who m. Sir Andrew Ogsrd, but tf. 
without issue 

His lordahlp A , and the Barowt of Cufton 

became vested at the decease of Lady Ogard, in 



CLI 



COB 



JoBN Kjtbtit, amongst whoM 
preMDUtivw it u now in AnnvAMcn. 
Amu.— Clieqao or. and gu. a ItmA 



denandanti mmI re* 



CLINTON — BARON CLINTON, 
EARD OF HUNTINGDON. 

Barony, by Writ ot Summons, 0th Sept., U30l 
Earldom, by Letten Patmt, dated 10th March, 1337. 

Xincagt. 

SIR WILLIAM DE CLINTON, Knt., youngar 
■on of John de Clinton, Baron Clinton, aapoused 
Jiilien, daughter and helrest of Sir Thomas de 
Leybume, Knt., and widow of John, Lord Hastings, 
of BcigaTcnny, by which alliance it is prasumed, 
that his subsequent advanosmant in life was eoosi- 
desably promoted; he was, however, himadf a very 
eminent person, and fully entitled by his own deeds 
to the high honours he attained. In the year ensuing 
his marriage. Sir William was made justice of Ches- 
ter, and within less than two months afterwards 
constable of Dover Castle, and warden of the cinque 
potts. Shortly after this, being one o( those who 
surprised the great MonriMBR, at Nottingham 
Castle he had summons to parliament as Babow 
Clibtoh, on the 0th September, 1330, and from that 
period to the Mth January, 1397* In three years, 
subsequently, 7th Edward III., Us lordship was 
constituted lord admiral of the leas, flrom the 
Thames westwards, and in that year he was engaged 
in the Scottish wars, as he was in the 0th and 10th 
of the same reign. In the 11th Edward III., then 
epjoying the highest favour of the king, his lordsliip 
was created, by letters patent, dated 10th March, 
1337* Earl or Hubtibodok, having, at the same 
time, not only £20, per annum given him out of the 
issues of the county to be paid by the sheriff, but 
one thousand marks per annum in land, to hold to 
himsrif and his male heirs for ever. He subse- 
quently participated in his gallant sovereign's wars, 
both in Scothmd and France^ and was ftequently 
employed in foreign embassies of the flist impor- 
tance. He was a second time constituted lord admi- 
ral, and a second time appointed constable of Dover 
Castle, and lord warden of the cinque porta. His 
lordship d, in 1304, leaving, according to Banks, an 
onlydanghtar, 

Elixabbtb, who m. Sir John FitswiUiam, of 
Sprotborougfa, ancestor of the present Eabl 

FiTSWILLIAJM. 

The earl having no male issue, the dignity of Earl 
or HiTBTiweDOB became bxtibct, but the Ba- 
BOBT or Clibtob, created by writ, should have 
devolved upon his daughter if legitimate, and.if so, 
n is stm extant in her deacendanU, the Earls Fita- 
william. Of this, however, there must be strong 
doubt. Dugdals mentions no daughter, but says 
that the earl left aU his extensive possessions to his 
nephew. Sir John de Clinton, Knt. Nicolas, in 
his synopsis, confirms Dugdale, by stating that the 
Earl of Huntingdcm died », i»., '* when his honours 
became extinct $" while Banks gives the particuburs 
of the daughter as above. Collins and Jacob call 



the bKly " EliaCbeth, daughter of William, Lord 
Clhiton." Had she been Isgltimate, she would, 
doubtless, have been his loidship^s heiress, and 
BABOBBaa Clibtob. 

A^MB,— Arg. six croei crosslets fltchte sa. on a 
chief aa. two mullets or. pierced gu. 

COBHAM — BARONS COBHAM, OF 
KENT. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 0th January, 1313, 
Edward II. 

In the 18th King John, Hbbrt ob Cobbbbam 
gave to that monarch a thousand marks for his 
royal fkvour. This Henry had three sons, namely, 
Reginald, (the second son,) Justice itinerant in 
Essex, in the SBnd Henry III., and the ensuing 
year in Middlesex and Wilts, when he was con- 
stituted sheriff of Kent, and he continued to 
execute the duties ai that office for the nine 
following years. In the 30th of the same mo- 
nardi he was made constable of Dover Castle, 
and warden of the cinque ports, when he had 
command to attend the ambassadors ttom the 
King of Castile, who then landed at Dover, to 
afford them hoqiitable entertainment, and to 
conduct them to the new temple at London, 
where they were to be lodged. He d. in three 
years afterwards. 
William, (the youngest son,) one of the Justices 
itinerant in the counties of Sussex, South- 
> ampton and Wilts, in the aoth ilenry IIL, end 
for Norfolk and Suffolk in the 41st of the 
same reign. 
JOHN DE COBBEHAM, (the eldest son.) ex- 
ecuted in the 90th Henry III., the office of sheriff 
of Kent, on behalf of Peter de Savoy, brother of 
Queen Eleanor, for one-half of the year, and on be^ 
half of Bertram de Criol for the other halll He was 
abo one of the Justices of the court of Common 
Pleas fhnn the Mth to the 35th of the same reign. 

This eminent person married flr^t, , daughter 

of Warine Fits-Benedict, by whom he had issue- 
John, his successor. 

Henry (Sir), of Runddl, governor of the Islands 
of Guernsey and Jersey, and constable of the 
castle of Dover, and warden of the cinque 
ports, temp. Edward L Sir Henry m. Joane, 
elder daughter and co-heiress of Stephen de 
Pencestre, and had issue— 
Stbpbbn. 
He, Jokok, m. secondly, Joane, daughter of Hugh de 
Nevill, and had a son, 

Rboibald, ftom whom the Cobhams of Ster- 
borough sprang. 
JOHN DE COBBEHAM, the eldest son, suc- 
ceeded his father, and was one of the Justices of the 
courts of King's Bench and Common Pleas, and a 
baron of the exchequer, in the reigns of Henry IIL 
and Edward I. This learned penon m. Joane de 
Septvaus, one of the co-heirs of Roese, the widow 
of Stephen de Pencestre, and had issue, 

S IM 



COB 



COB 



Hcmy, bte 

Resfanld, m. JoMe, diuufater of Wflliam dc 
ETcn* and oiKalMed a cbarter hi 3fod Edward 
I. for free warren in all Ma demaoM landa at 
PipanTa CUve, ia the county of WUta. 
Ttie elder ion. 

HENRY DE COBBEHAM. «. hli father, and 
doing homage in the 28th Edward I. had livery of 
Ma laada. In the 4th Edward II., being then fttyted 
Henry de Cobbeham, Jna. (hia uncle Henry, of 
Runddl, itill living), he was tai an expedition into 
Soodand; tad, in four yean itfMnrarda, he waa con- 
stituted cxmstable of Dover Castle, and warden of 
the cinque porta. In the 10th of the same reign he 
was again In the wars of Scotlaod, and in the I5th he 
was made governor of the castle of Tonebrugge. He 
had been summoned to parliaroeat aa a BAmoif on 
the 8th January, 1313, and in eontfaiuation tar the 
remainder of Ms life. HJa lordaMp d. in 1339, and 
waa «. by Ms rtdest son, 

JOHN DB COBHAM, second Baron Cobham, 
snmmoned to parliament tiom the 19th September, 
ISA, toSBth August, 1407. Thisnobleman, who had 
been mode admiral of the ki»(^s fleet Anom the mouth 
of the Thames westward in the 9th Edward HI., had 
the next year in remuneration of his services, whilst 
he was a Justice of Oyer and Terminer, in Kent, a 
grant of one hundred marks out of the two hundred 
which the commons of that county gave to the king 
In f^ith ei a nce of the Scottish war. In the ftth of 
the same monarch he waa mode a banneret, and in 
some years afterwards he was eng a ged in the French 
wars. In the beginning of Richard II.'s reign his 
lardship was appointed ambassador upon two occa- 
sions to negotiate a peace with the French, and 
jcrfned in oommisaion by the same monarch with 
John, Duke ot Lancaster, and others, to treat with 
the Earl of Flanders, and others of that country, 
for the appeasing of certain discords between them 
and the English. In the lOth Richard he was one 
of the tMrteen lords then appointed to govern the 
kingdom, but bdng impendled in the 81st of the 
same king he had judgment pronounced against 
him ; his lordship received, however, a pardon, but 
was sent prisoner to the Isle of Jersey. Lord Cob- 
ham m. Margaret, daughter of Hugh Courtenay, 
Earl of Devon, and had issue, 

Joane, who m. Sir John de la Pole, Knt., and 

dying before her ISather, left an only daufl^ter, 

JoAifS, who m. first, Sir Robert Hemeog- 

dale, but had no surviving issuer 
Her ladythip m. secondly. Sir Reginald 
Bniybroke, by whom she had one surviv- 
ing daughter, 
JoAWB. IN. to Sir Thomas Brooke, Knt. 
(see Brooke, Lord Cobham). 
She m. thirdly. Sir Nicholas Hawberke, 
but had no surviving issue; fourtUy, 
Sir John OLDCASTLn, Kirr., and 
fifthly. Sir John Harpeuden. 
His kMdsMp d. In 1407, leaving his above-meBtloaed 
grand-daughter, Joane, then Lady Hawberkcf, Ms 
sole hdrcas, who marrying subsequently, 

eUt JOHN OLDCASTLE, Knt., that gentle^ 
man was summoned to parliament, Jure tuori», aa 
BAftoif CovHAV, from the Mth October, <llth 
130 



Henry IT,) nm, to Oad Maich, (m Heory V.) 
1413. Sir John Oldeastle is oelebcntod in history aa 
leader of the LoujinDe, the fimt sect of reiDsmars 
that arose in England, und eventually by htying 
down his life in maintenance of his prbidplas. Of 
this celebrated person Dugdale gives the following 
aocounfc>-'« In the 1st at Henry V., being tahited in 
his religion by those pretended holy sealots, then 
called L01.X.ABD8, he became one of the chief of 
that sect, which at that time gave no little dittttr- 
banco to the peace of the church ; for wMch he waa 
dted to appear before the Archbishop of Canter- 
bury. Whereupon, lietaking himself to his castle 
ofCoulIng, he was shortly alter apprehended, and 
brought before the archblahop and others, in tho 
cathedral of St. Paul, and thdre, by reason of Ms 
otaatinacy in those dangerous tenets, received the 
sentence of an herecick. Under the chnk of tMa 
sanctity it was, that he and his party desigiftd to 
nmrther the king upon Twelfth Night, then keep* 
kng hia Chriatmas at Eltham, and to destroy the 
monaateriea of Westminsler and SL Albans, as also 
the cathedral of St. Paul in London, with aD the 
houses of flriers in that city : to which end tfbeut 
four score of his party were found, in arms. In the 
night time, expecting no less than twenty-five 
thousand the next day to appear with them in St. 
Gftlea Fields. WMch pernicious purpose being se»: 
sonaMy prevented, divers of them suflbred death at 
that timcw But this Oldcastteescaplng, lurked privily 
for a time fai Mindry places, and endeavoured to 
raise new commotions. Wherein fkiling of that 
success he expected, in anno 1417, 0th Henry V., 
(the king being then in bis wars of France,) M in- 
cited the 9eot» to an invasion of this realm, wMch^ 
through the vlgilancy of John, Duke of Bedford, 
(the king's brother, and has lieutenant here in Ms 
absence,) was happily prevented, and at length 
being taken hi Wales within the territory of the 
Lord Powys, was brought to his trial, where having 
Judgment vi death pronounced against Mm, via. to 
be drawn, hanged, and burnt on thegaHowst and 
accordingly brought to the place of execution, he 
desired Sir Thomas Erpiagham, that in case he saw 
Mm rise again the tMrd day after, that then he 
would be a means to procure isvour for the rest cf 
Ms sect.** Walpoie, in Mi Catahigoe of Royal and 
Noble Authors, gives, however, a more flattering and 
jvat dkancter of this uofortunatev though highly 
gifted nobleman— *< The flrst author, as well aa the 
flrst martyr, among our nobility, was Sir John Old- 
castle, caUad « M« good Lord Cobham f aman whose 
virtum made Mm a reformer, whose valour made 
hin a martyr, whose m artyi d mn made Mm an en- 
thustaat His ready wit and brave spMt appeared 
to great advantage on hIatriaL*' He wrote " Twelve 
Conclusions, addressed to the parfiament of Eng>- 
tend," and several other tracts. His lordsMp had 
an only daughter, Joane, by the heiress of Cobham, 
who d. young, snd the Babohv or Cobbam ap- 
pears to have remained donnant fhnn the period of 
Ms execution, until revived In the perMm of John 
BnooKB, great grandson of the Bbove mentioned 
Joane de la Pole, in I440w 

Anita— On. on a chevron or. three llone ram- 
paatsa. 



COKE — BARON LOVEL OF MIN- 
gTCR LOVEL, IN THE 
COUNTY OF OXFORD, VIS- 
COUNT COKE OF HOLE- 
HAM, m THE COUNTY OF 
NORFOLK, EARL OF LEI- 
CESTER. 






Barldoim&c/ PaUnt. i datad 9th May, 1744. 

XincBgc. 

Tha learned CAMDBir, who a«c fiictfa the pedigree of 
tbii jaident fnnllyf deduced its origin from 

WILLIAM COK£, </ X>Ddte«ten, in the county 
of Norft>lk, mentioned in a deed enno 1206, who by 

hie wife Fettca had iwue, 
GKFFRSY COKfi, of ClieMnieplaoe, fron whom 



SIR SDWARD COKS, the celebrated lawyer. 
This eminent pcnon. the ion (tf Robert Coke, Esq., 
of Mtkhain* in Om county of Nocftalk, and Wini- 
Jbad. his wife, dau^tv, and one of the heirs of 
Wilttam Knii^itley. of MotgEaTa-Knightley, in the 
sameshiie, was bom at the aaatof his fsther, and 
at tv ycHa of age eent to the gnunmar-school at 
Ncraidi, whence he rttsoved to Trinity College, 
Cambridge, where he etndied for four years, and 
was in eome yews afterwards chosen high-steward 
of that antrenlty. From Cambcidge he removed 
to diflbrdVlBn. and, the year alter, he was entered 
» etndent in the Inner Temple, whsnoe he was 
caOad to the bar, end being chosen reader in Lyon's- 
lom aoqnired so much nttohrity, that he very soon 
.attiteBd eoi^dendile practice. About this period 
he married Bridget* daughter and co-heir of John 
Paalon, Esq., of UuntingAeld Hall, in the county 
efSuiMk, third son of Sir WilUem Paston, of Pas- 
ten, with whom be acquired a fortune of thirty 
thoaaand pounds. An alliance, too, that brought 
him honours and prefiermentB as well es wealth. 
The dties of Covontry, and Norwich soon after 
elected him their recorder. The county of Nor- 
folk returned him to parliament, and the House of 
Ceeomnns placed him m the speaker's chair. In the 
3Sth of Elisabeth, (1N8,) Mr. Gokewas appointed 
SolieUv, and the next yeer AM u mt w gBMral, In 
1008 he leeeiTed the hcnonr of knighthood Arom 
James L, et Greenwich, and in three years 
I was elevated to the bench aa chief of the 
of Common Flees, ftom whldi he was ad- 

in Uis, to the dignity of Chibf Jubtics 

or Exaxjurn, (being the kat peraon who bore that 
kitia,) and awom of the privy ooundl. His lordship 
incurred subsequenay, however, the diapleesure of 
jtlM> oouttt MKd while In disgrace, hearing that a 
aoble lord had eoUcHed ftom the crown a portion of 

'tiia hmda bdon^iing to the church at Norwich, which 
he had iv»vered, and aettled tboeon, he cautioned 
the pear to dmiat, or that he would resume his 
a nd eap» and come into Westminster Hall 
! aff^, to pkad the cause of thechurch. Be- 
tween hie pataanal property, the great marriage 
portion he had with his wife, and his vahuble offices 
nad iMiatiTe practke at the bar. Sir Edward Coke 
iso amplBk thet aadi of his sons 



COK 

posaeaied a tottnneeqnal to ttar of an aidg brother. 
Camden, tat his BrUmmtm, sayi, " that he was a 
person of admirable iperU, than whoaa* aa none ever 
applied himself doaer to the study of the hiw. so 
never did mj one undstataad It better. Of which 
he fuUy convinced Englend. by hie excellent adml- 
nistraUoa for many yeers together, whilst Attorney- 
genera]. Md by executiiv theoffice of Lord Chief 
Justice of the Common Plees with the greatest wis- 
dom and prudences nor did he give less proof of 
his abilities in his cxceUant RtptfU, end Cemmen- 
tari« upon our Laws, whereby he has highly 
obliged bodi his own i«e end posterity." His lord- 
ship d. on the 8rd September. M83, at the advanced 
age of 83L A noble monnaaent waserected to his me- 
mory at TittM>aU«fanreh« Norfolk, with his effigies 
habited in judge's ioImi, lying M ftUS length, under 
a canopy supported by two aaarble piUan. on the 
top of which are four large dgures, and between the 
piUars two marUeUUes, with these inacriptkms :— 
FIRST TABLE. 

Dxo Optimo Maximo 

Hs ExUvise Humane Expectant 

Resurrectionem Piorum 

Hie Situs est non Perituri 

Nominis EovAanus CoKn 

EouaaAuRAT Legumanima 

Interpres Oraculum non Dubium 

Arcanorum Promicondus Mysteriorum 

Cujus Fere unius Beneflcio 

JurisperiU nostrl sunt Juris- 

periti Eloquentiae Fulmen 

Torrens Fubnen 

Suadas Sacerdos unicus 

DIvinus Heros 

Pro Rostris iU Dixit 

ut Literis Insudasse non nisi 

Humania 

IU Yixit ut non nisi Divinis 

Sacerrimualntimse Pietatis 

Indagator 

lategritas Ipsa Vers Semper 

CausK Constantlisimus Assertor 

Nee fkvore nee Muneribus Violandus 

£xisil« Misericors Charior erat 

Huic reus <}uam sibi 

(Mizaculi instar est) 

Siccoculiis Ssepe iUe audlit Sentcntiam 

In se Prolatim Nunquam Hie Nisi 

Madidoculus Protulit Scientise Oceenus 

Qulque Dum V\xit Blbliotheca Parens 

Duodecim Liberorum Tredecim 

Librorum Pater 

Facessant Hinc Monumenta 

Facessaot Marmora 

(Nisi quod Plos Fuisse Denolarint Poeteros) 

Ipse siU suum est monumentum 

Marmore Perennius 

Ipse sibi sua 

Est iBtemltas. 

SECOND TABLE. 

DSPICATSD TO THB MSMOnT OV 

Sin EnWAM) COKB, Knt., 

A lata Revarcnd Judge. Bon 

at MUeham, in this County of Norfolk. 

131 



COK 



COK 



ExceUent in tU Learning, Divine 
and Humanei That for his own, this 

for his Country's Oood« espedally 

in the Knowledge and Practioe of the 

Municipall Laws of this Kingdome, 

a famous Reader, a sound 
Oounsdkn- ; in his younger Years 
Reeorder of tlie Cities of Norwich and 
London. Nest, Solicitor-General 
to Queen Eliaabeth, and Speaker 
of the Parliament in the XXXV Years 
of hir Reigne. Afterwards Attorney' 
General to the same Queen, as also to 
her Suooessor, King James, to both a 
fUthAil Servant for their M^}ties. 
for their Saftics. By King James 
oonstituted Chief Justice of both 
Benches successively, in both a Just, 
in both an exemplary Judge, one of his 
Mi^tyi most Hon. Privie Councill, as also 
of Council to Queen Anne, and Chief Justice 
in Eire of all her Forrests, Parks, and Chases, 
Recorder of the Citie of Coventrie, and 
High Steward of the University of Cam- 
bridge, whereof he was sometime 
• Member of Trinitie Colledge. 
He had two Wives. By Bridget 
his first Wife <one of the Daughters 
and co-heirs of John Paston, Esq.,) he had 
Issue seven Sons, and three Daugh- 
ters; and by the Lady Elisabeth, his 
second Wife, (one of the Daughters 
of the Right Hon. Thomas, late Earl of 
Exeter,) he had issue 
two Daughters. 

A CHA8T HUBBAKD, 
A PROVIDXNT FATHKR. 

And beneath the EfligieB the following inscrip- 
tion: — 

'• He Crown'd his Pious Life with as Pious and 

Christian Departure at Stokx Pooxa In the 

County of Buckingham on Wednesdaye 

the third Day of Sept in the year of our 

Lord MDCXXXIII 

And of his Age LXXXIII 

His Last Words 

Thy Kixodovx comk thy Will bx oonx 

Learn Reader to Live so 

That thou mayst so die." 

Sir Edward Coke's daughters, by his last wife, were, 

Elisabeth, who rf. unmarried. 

l^rances, m. to John Villiers, Viscount Pur- 
beck, son and heir of Sir George ViUiers, 
by Mary, Duchess of Buckingham, and 
ddest brother, of George, Duke of Buck- 
ingham, died «. p. 
His surviving children, by his first wife were, 

Robert, (Sir) m. Theophila, only daughter of 
Thomas, Lord Berkeley, and d, 19th July, 
16S3, issueless. 

Arthur, m. Eliaabeth, daughter and heiress of. 
Sir George Walgrave, Knt, of Hitcham, 
in the county of Norfolk, and left at his 
decaaae, 6th December, 1689, four daughters, 
his oo*heirs. 

139 



John, of Holkham, te the county of Norfolk, 
m. Meriel, daughter and heireas of Anthony 
Wheatley, Esq., (son of Wiltiam Wheatley, 
Prothonotary of the Court of Common 
Pleas,) by wlunn he had seven sons and 
seven daughters, whereof EnwARn, his heir 
apparent, died before him, leaving no issue 
by Elisabeth his wifiB, daughter of George, 
Lord Berkdey, whereby the inheritance 
devolved, eventually, upon his youngest 
son, 
JoHH, who dying unmarried, the estate 
of HoLKHAV, came to the heirs of 
HcwRY CoKB, of Thurrington, fifth 
son of Sir Edward Coke, (next men- 
tioned). 
Henry, c€ Thurrington, in theoounty of Suffolk, 
IK. Margaret, daughter and heiress of Ridiard 
Lovelace, Esq., of Kingsdown, in the 
county of Kent, and was «. by his eldest 
son, 

Richard, who m. Mary, daughter of Sir 
John Rous, Bart,, of Henham Hall, 
in the county of Suflblk, and left an 
only son, 

RoBXRT, of whom hereafter, as hi- 
heritor of the principal part of 
Sir Edward Coke's fortune, and 
grandfather of the first peer. 
Clement, m. Sarah, daughter and co-heiress of 
Alexander Redich, Esq., of Redich, in the 
county of Lancaster, (by a daughter and 
co-heiress of Sir Robert Langley, of Age- 
croft, in the same shire,) by whinn k* ac- 
quired the estate of Longford, In Derbyshire, 
and was «., in May, 1619, by his elder sim, 
Edward Cokb, who was created a 
baronet, on the 3(NJi December, 1641. 
He m. Catherine, daughter and co- 
heiress of Sir Lodowick Dyer, Knt., of 
Great Stoughton, in the county of 
Himtingdon, jnd had issue, 

^y^ \ successive Baronets. 
Edward, j 

Catharine, m. to Cornelius Clarke, 

Esq., of Norton. 

Sir Edward was «. by his elder son. 

Sib Robxrt Cokb, of Longford, second 

Baronet, M.P. for theoounty of Derby, 

in the 1st of James IL, who m. Sarah, 

daughter and oo-heiress of Barker, 

Esq., of Abrightlee, in the county of 
Salop, but dying «. ii., in 1617, the title 
and estates devolved upon his brother. 
Sir Edward Cokb, of Longford, third 
baronet, at whose deceaae, unmarried, 
86th August, 1787, the baronetcy ex- 
pired, while the estates passed by the 
baronet's will, to Edward Coke, Esq., 
brother of Thomas, first Lord LoveL 
Anne, m. to Ralph Sadler, Esq., son and heir 

of Sir Ralph Sadler, Knt. 
Bridget, m. to William Skinner Esq., son and 
\akx of Sir Vincent Skinner. 
So much for the lord chief Justice^s children, we 
now return to the grandson of his son, Hbnry, 



GOK 



COL 



ROBERT COKE, Esq., of TlmRtagtMi, who 
upon tlMdeoeaMof UsooiuId, (the loii of his gM»t 
undo John.) John C<Ae» Saq.. of Hoi.kham» in 
the oouDty of Norfolk^ unmarried, inherited that 
■■titc, and thai became poaiened of the chief 
part of (Sir Edward Coke) hb great grandlhthei't 
iwop e ity. Mr. Coke m. Lady Anne Otbome, daugh- 
ter of Thomaa, fint Duke of Leeds, Lord Trea- 
of England, by whom lie had an onlysunri-ving 
I, his sucoesmr at hb d e c ease^ 10th January, 
10791 

EDWARD COKE, Esq., who m. Carey, daughter 
of Sir John Newton, Bart., of Banows Court, in 
the county of Olouoester, and had iasue, 
Thomas, his suooeHor. 
Edward, of Longford, in the county of Derby, 
who bequeathed at his deoeese, unmarried, 
in 173s, thai estate to his younger brother, 
Robert, Vice-Chamberlain to Queen Anne, 
who m, in June, 17S8, Lady Jane Holt, 
widow of John Holt, Esq., of RedgrsTe, in 
the county of SuflMk, and sister and co- 
heiress of Philip, Duke of Wharton, but 
died«.^ 
Carey, m. to Sir Marmaduke WyvH, Bart., of 

Constable Burton, In the county of York. 
Anne^ m. to Philip Roberts, a M^)or in the 
second troop of Horse Quaids, and left a son, 
Wknmam R0BCRT8, of whom hereafter, 
as heir to the entire of the estates of 
his nnde, the Earx. of LsicnaTsii. 
Mr. Coke d, 13th April, 1707. and was «. by his 
ddestson, 

VHOMAS COKE, Esq., who was elected a 
knight at the Bath, on the 97th May, 1795, and 
elerated to the peerage, on the 98th May, 1798, as 
Basoit Lotsl, qf Mituter Lovsf, in M« comnt^ i^f 
Ou/onL In 1733, his lordship was constituted Joint 
poat-maater-general, and created on the 0th May, 
1744, rifeotfftf Od*«, <tf HoflirA<H», and Eabl or 
LBXCseTBRi fab lordship m., 9nd July, 1718, Lady 
Mary Tufton, fourth dauglucr and co-helrcei, (rf 
Thomas, sixth Eail of Thanet, (in which ladyt 
finrour, the abeyance of the Babony na CLirrono, 
was terminated by the crown. In 1734») by whom he 
had an only son, 

Edwabd, FiseotmC Od*«» who m. in 1747, 
Lady Mary Campbell, daughter and co- 
heirms of Jcrfm, Duke of Argyll and Green- 
wich, but died tf. ^ hi the lifetime of hb 
ftther, anno 1753. 
The eerl tf. 90th April, 17fiO. and thus leaTing no 
issue, the fiarvMir ^ Lewf, and Eabloom or Lbi- 
CS8TBB, with the tp<M»icfi(y, became BXTiircT. 

Hb lordship commenced the stately pile of build- 
ing, called Holkham HaU, hi Nbilblk. which was 
oomplated by the countess, who suirived him many 
years; her ladyship died in 177S. The whole of 
the extansive estates of the Earl of Leicester de> 
volved upon his nephew, (refer to Anne, youngest 
daughter of Edward Coke, Esq., and Carey, daugh- 
ter of Sir John Newton, Bart.,) Wbnman Robbbtb, 
Esq., who thereupon assumed the surname of 
CoKB, only, and manning Miss Elisabeth Cham- 
berbyne, left with two daughters, and a younger 
son, EnwABO, the present Tbomab William 



CoBB, of HolUuun. M.P. Ihr the county of Nor- 
folk. 

Abms.— Parly per pale gu. and ar. three eagles die* 
played ar. 

COLEPEPER -. BARONS COLEPE- 
PER. OF THORESWAY, 
IN THE COUNTY OF LIN- 
COLN. 

By Letters Patent, dated 91st October, 1844. 

Xiiuagc. 

The fhmily of Colbpkpbb flourished In the 
counties of Kent and Sussex ftom the time of 
Edw. I., and produced many eminent characters, 
amongst whom were Sib JaorrBBV Colbpbpbb, 
of Pepenbury, Mi^i-slierlir of Kent in the reign 
of that monardi, and Sib Thomab Colspbpbb, 
of Bedgbury, goremor of Windidsea, temp. Ed- 
ward II. These eminent persons sealed with a 
fteiMl m^Totftftf , gHX«a 4mi ejield mrgent; and Dray- 
ton, in hb Barons' Wars, enumeratfaig the arms of 
the'dbtinguished families on each side, says. 



*' And CoLBPBPBB, with silver arms inrail'd. 
Bare thereupon a B1.00DY bbmd cngrail'd." 

JOHN COLEPEPER was a judge in the reign 
of Henry VI., and left an only daughter and heiress, 
who conTeyed a oonsiderabb fortune to the tenily 
of HwrringUmt into which she married. Richabd 
CoLBFBPBB, of Oxhmth, was sheriff of Kent in the 
reign of Edward IV. ; and King Henry VIII. set up 
the arms of two of the name in his gaUery at White- 
hall, for their military achievements at Toumay 
and the Battle of Spurs. 

SIR JOHN COLEPEPER, of Bedgebury, knight 
of the shire for Kent in the parliament which met in 
1641, chancellor of the exchequer, and afterwards 
master of the roUs, and one of the privy-council of 
King Charles I., was elevated to the peerage by that 
monarch on the 91st October, 1644, as Lobd Colb- 
PXPBB, Bonm f^ThorMwajf, in the county qf Lincoln. 
Hb lordship adhered scalously to the royal cause 
during the whole of the dvii wars, and withdrew 
with King Charles II., in whose exile he shared for 
twelve years, but had the high gratification of wit- 
nessing the restoration of his royal master. Lord 
Colepeper m. first, Philippa, daughter of Sir — . 
Sndling, KnL, and had iasue, 

Albxabdbb, who m. Catherine, daughter and 
heiress of Sir Edward Ford, Knt, of Harting. 
Siissex, but predeceased hb fkther, issue- 

Phllippa, m. to Thomas Harlakenden, Esq., of 
Wood Church, in the county of Kent. 
Hb lordship m. secondly, Judith, daughter of Sir 
Thomas Colepeper, of HoUingbuxn, Knt., by whom 
he had four sons, 

Thomas, hb successor. 
John. 
Cheney. 
Francb 
And three daughters, vis., 

Elisabeth, m. to James Hamilton, Esq., 
had by him, 

138 



€X)L 



COL 



Jamss, Eaki. or Absboobit. 

Judith, m. to Colepeper, Esq. 

PUlippa. 
Lord Colepeper d. mattar of the rolls, in July, 1060, 
and was «. by his eldest son, 

. THOMAS COLEPEPER, aeoond baron, who m. 
Margaret, daughter and oo>heir of Seigneur Jean de 
Hessei of the noble family of Hbssk, in Cremumy, 
by whom he had an only daughter and heiress, 

Catherine, m. to Thomas, Lord Fairfiu, and con- 
veyed to her husbwEid Ledes Caatie, in Kent 
His lordship <2. in 1688, and, leaying no male issue, 
the title devolved upon his brother, 

JOHN COLEPEPER, third banm. ThUntible- 
BMn m. Frances, daaghtar at Sir Thomas Colepeper, 
of HoUingbum, in the county of Kent, but dying 
«. p. in 17i9» was •. by his brother, 

CHENEY COLEPEPER, ftmrth bsron, at whose 
deoeaae, iasunless, (his younger brother, Frands, 
having previoosly died unmarried,) in 17S5» the 
BABOMY or CoLBrsPBR became bxtibct. 

Abmb— Ar. a bend engrailed gu. 



COLLINOWOOD — BARON COL- 
LINGWOOD, OF COX«D- 
BURNE AND HETHPOOL, 
IN THE COUNTY OF 
NORTHUMBERLAND. 

By Letters Patent, dated 20th Nov. IMS. 

inCncagc. 

CUTHBERT COLLINGWOOD, b. 1750, son of 
Cuthbert CoUii^gwood, Esq., of Ditchbume, in the 
county of Northumberland, having adopted thenaval 
profession, <^tained the rank of lieutenant in 1775 
-'was made post-captain in 1780— advanced to the 
rank of rear-admiral of the white in 179it^— rear- 
admiral of the red in 1801— vice«dmiral of the 
blue in 1804, in which commission he had the glory 
of bdng second in command at the memorable 
battle off Cape Trafklgar, on the 21 rt October, 1805, 
under the immortal Nelson ; and for the services 
rendered upon that triumphant occasiouj the vice- 
admiral obtained the professional promotion of 
vice-admiral of the bltie, and was advanced to the 
peerage on the 90th November, 1805, as Baron 
CouLiNOWOOD, of Qtldbume and Hethpool, in the 
county of Northumberland. His lordship m. Par 
tience, daughter and co-h^ess of Erasmus Blackett* 
Esq., alderman of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, by whom 
he had issue, 
Sarah. 

Mary-Patience. 
His lordship died in 1810> when« leaving no male 
issue, the barony of- Collinowood became 

■XTINCT. 

COLUMBERS — BARON COLUM- 

BERS. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 89th July, 1914, 
6 Edward IL 

Xincogc. 

In the seeoad year of Henry II., 
PHILIP DE COLUMBERS paid fmr pound* 
131 



vpmx the cbHaotkm of the impost, then deoomi- 
Bated deuugtUe and fai twelve years afterwards^ 
upon tta BSSBssmrat of aid for marrying the king's 
daughter, he certtiad, among the other 
his ludghts' fees, de veteri fM^flaumeHtOt to be 
and de novo, one, for all which hepaid theaum of six 
pounds thirteen shiBingsandfonr-penceL Hed. soon 
afterwards, about the year 1186, leaving three 



Hugh 



Phiuf. his Imis. 
William. 

Hbbbt, whose daugfatert 
deLongchamp. 
PHILIP DE COLUMBERS m 
and was «. himself, at his 



his 
1816. by his 



PHILIP DE COLUMBERS. This foudal knrd, 
who distingoiahed himsdf in the French wars of 
Henry IIL, obtained license to impark his manor 
oi Stavey, in the county of Somerset, which was the 
head of his barony. His lordship m. Egeline, 
dau^ter of Robert deCourtenay, and was «., at his 
decease in ISK, by his elder son, 

SIR PHILIP DE COLUMBERS, who, having 
been in the expedition made into Gaacony in the 
38th Henry III., received the honour of Imighthood 
for his services upon that occasion. His lordship 
d. in 1S78> and, having no Isaue, was succeeded by 
his brother, 

JOHN DE COLUMBERS. This feudal lord was' 
in the expedition made htto Wales in the 10th Ed- 
ward 1 1 and in the S9d of the same monardi, he 
had summons to attend the king, to give his advice 
upon the urgent aAurs of the realm ; shortly after 
which he received command to be at Portsmouth, 
in order to proceed in the expedition to Oasoony : 
but upon his arrival on the French soil, he aban- 
doned his Btuidard, and joined the enemy, for which 
irc as ou his lands were all immediatdy seiaed. We 
ftad Mm, however, subsequently, (having made hia 
peace,) fai the Scotdi wars, asd Edward L, and again 
in two yean afterwards. His lordship m. Alice, one 
of the daughtsn and co-heirs of Stephen de Pences- 
ter. and was «., at his decease about the year 1905, 
by his elder son, 

PHILIP DE COLUMBERS, who was summoned 
to parliament as Babon CoirUMSBBa, tnm the 
89th July, U14, to3d March, 1341. In the 13th of 
Edward IIL, his lordship was associated with Hugh 
de Ceurtanay, Earl of Devonahire, in guarding the 
coast of Hampshirei He m. Allanora^ one of the 
dsters and hein of William, son of William Martin, 
but died without issue in 1348, kaving Stb^bbn 
DB CobUMBBBa, priest of the church of Shirewell, 
his brother and heir. At the decease of hU lordship, 
the barony otCohvummma beoame BxriiroT. 

ABMa-^Ou., a bend or. 

COLVUiE^BARONd COLVILE. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 14th December, 1864, 
49 Henry IIL 

In the time of Khw StsplMn, 
PHILIP DE OOLVILEt bcii« oppOMd to that 



COL 



COM 



b, taik c cHlto IB YorkiUpt^ and ftiriiSia 
kt agaiwt him, but which Stephttt invested* i«- 
ioced, and demoHihad. la the enmiof nigii w* 
ftid this itedil knd one of the witneHia to the 
agrafiHiail batwaea the King of Ei^lnd, and the 
King of Scou, by wtadch the tatter obMgfaig hi nuelf 
to be fliithfal to King H«nry,did hoBii«etohim 
■tYork. TothtoPhittpsiMcaedad, 

WILLIAM DE COLVILB, one of the barons 
who toolL up atms against John» and was ex- 
eoBiBBunieafead by* the Pope. This William, 
bci^g taken prisoner at the batUe of Lincoln, in 
the let Henry IfL, his wife Maude had safe con- 
duct to the king, to treat for his liberation, and 
having accomplished her ol^^ect, obtained a royal 
precept to William, Earl of Albemarle, for the 
rertorattoB of her husband's castle, at Blrham. in 
the county of Lincofai. WilUam de Colvile was ». 
by his son, 

AOBERT DE COLVILE, who had also taken 
up arms against John, and in the 17th of that 
BBonarch's reign, had letters of salbconduct, with 
Roger de JarpevilU to the loyal presence, to treat 
of peace on behalf of the baorona. Continuing, how- 
ever, in rebeliion, be was taken prisoner by Falcase 
de Bieant* fat the 1st Henry IIL To this Robert 



WALTER DE COLVILE, a paeon of no less 
turbulent disposition than his predecessoia. Join- 
ing whhMontfort, Earl of Leicester, he was taken 
prlaooer by Prince Edward, at ReaUwortb, fai the 
40th Hcaiy IIL, but under the decree, called the 
" Dictum of KeaUwerth," was admitted to acom- 
f mim ti tm tat Us lamk which had been setaed, and 
he appeaia to hare bean sammcaied to parliament as 
a BAaow in the same year, 14th December, 1»L 
His lordship d. in 1276, and was «. by his son, 

ROGER DE COLVILE, second baron, who was 
sheriflTof Norfolk and Suftdk, in the 5Ist Henry IIL, 
asMl paid £100. flne hi the 14th Edward L, for per- 
mission to marry Ermentrud^ widow ef Stephen de 
Creasy, by whom he had issue, 
EnairaD, his stacoeMor. 

EHadMth, IN. to Basset, of Sapoote, in the 

county of Lincoln, and' had, 
. Siaioa, whoee sen and heir, 

Ralph Bassbt, of Sapcote, became 
eventually co-heir to the Cohriles. 

Alice, m, Gemun, asal had, 

John Gemun, who became eventually co- 
heir to the Colvilea. 
His lordship d. in 1887, and was «. by his son, 
EDMUND DE COLVILE, third baron, but 
never summoned to parliament This nobleman 
m, Margaret, daughter of Robert de Uflbrd, and 
dying in 1315, was «. by his son, 

ROBERT DE COLVILE, fourth baron, sum- 
moned to parliament, from 85th ^February, 1349, 
to 80th January, 130B. His lordship d. in 1368, and 
was «. by his son. 

WALTER DE COLVILE. fifth baron, but never 
summoned to parliaaraat. His lordship m. Mar- 
garet, daughter and heiress of Giles de Basiiiv- 
banie, and had issue a son, 

ROBERT DE COLVILE, who died without 
leavhig Raipb Basset, of Sapcoie^ and John 



Gfermm, (tbof meatioMd,) Ma hain, between 
whoee desoendaata and rap ieatatat tvea, H is pn^. 
saaoed, the Babont ov Coi.TrLs ia near in ABaT« 
Aaca. 
Aur8.-4>r. a fisBBe gutaa. 

COMPTON — BAKON WILMINO- 
TON, OF WIMINGTON, 
IN THE COUNTY OF 
SUSSEX. VISCOUNT 

PEVENSEY, AND EARL 
OF WIIiMINOTON. 



Baroay, "I by ^, . 

Earldom, ftc > Patent* t ^'^ May» iTui 



f Ufh January, ITSBI 



IClncagi. 

The Right Honourable 

SIR SPENCER COMPTON. K.B., third son of 
James, third earl of Northampton, havhig filled the 
speaker's chair of the House of Commons, in the 
parUaments of 1714, and 1722. and sutaaequenUy, the 
oflOoes of paymaster general of his miO»ty's land 
forces, and treasurer of Chelsea Hospital, was ele. 
vated to the peerage on the 11th January, 1788, as 
Boron Vf^lminglon, In 1730, his lordihip was con- 
stituted knd privy seal, and advanced on the 14th 
May, in that year, to the digaltieB of FUcount 
PeveHMif, and Eahl ov Wilmikotok. In the 
December following, he was declared lord pi e sid e ut 
of the council, and installed on the SSnd August, 
1738, a KaioHT of the OAaTaa. He was aboone 
of the lord's Justices during the king's abaence in 
Hanover, and one of the govcmorB of the Charter 
House; This nobleman, who was ftttfrncd a per* 
sonage of great worth, abilities, and integrity, died 
unmarried in July, 1743, wl)en all his hoaoum 
became axTijccr; while his esUtca, passed by his 
lordship's bequest to his brother, George, fourth 
Earl of Northampton, and have since been carried by 
that nobleman's great grand-daughter. Lady Eliaa- 
beth Compton, only daughter and heiress <rf CharlMv 
seventh Earl of Northampton, into the Cavsndish 
family, up^ her ladyship's marriage in 1788, with 
Lord George Cavendish, uncle and heir presump> 
tive of His Grace the Duke of Devonshke; The 
Barony of Wilmington was revived on 7th Sep. 
tember, 1812, in the advancement of Charles, ninth 
and late mtl, to the Marquisale of Northamp- 
ton. 

AavB^Sa. a lion, passant* guardaot* or. betw. 
three helmets ar. 

COMYN — EARL OF NORTHUM. 
BERLAND. 

Conferred by WlUiam, the Gonquoor, 
anno 1088. 

In the third year of King William, the Conqueror, 
that monard) inferred the BarMom ot Nor- 
tfaumberlaad, vacant by the death of Earl Caiisi, 
upon * 

136 



CON 



CON 



ROBERT COMYN ; but the iioniiiutl<m ■ocord- 
•d BO little with the wlahei of the inhabitants of the 
county* that they at first resolTed to abandon en- 
tlxely their dwelUngs; being prevented doing so, 
however, by the inclemenqr of the season, it was 
then determined, at all hazards, to put the 
new earl to death. Of this evil design, his lordship 
had intimation, through Egelivine, Bishop of Dur- 
ham, but disregarding the intelUgenoe, he repaired 
to Durham, with seven hundred soldiers, and com- 
menced a course of plunder and bloodshed, which 
rousing the inhabitants of the neighbourhood, the 
town was assaulted and carried, by a multitude of 
country people, and the earl and all his troops, to a 
man, put to death* This occurrence took place in 
1060, in a few months alter his lordship's iqpptrint- 
ment to the earldom. 

Anai a.'-Ou. three garbs or. 

CONINGSBY— BARON CONINGSBY, 

OF CONINGSBY, IN THE 

> COUNTY OF LINCOLN, 

EARL OF CONINGSBY. 

BARONESS AND VIS- 
COUNTESS CONINGSBY, 
OF HAMPTON COURT, IN 
THE COUNTY OF HERE- 
FORD. 



English Barony, 
Earkkwn, 



Baronessand Viscountess, 




18th June, 171A. 
30th April, 1719. 
96th Jan., 17I6. 



Xincagc. 

The surname of this family was originally assumed 
trom the town of Conhigsby, in the county of Salop, 
and the Coningsbys are said to have been of ancient 
descent, but they do not appear to have attained 
much importance until the period of the revolution. 
A Thomas db Cowimosbib certainly distinguished 
hlmsdf in the martial reign of Edward III., and 
participated in the glory of Poictibrs, and the 
family of which we are about to treat may have 
sprung tram him, but of that there is no evi- 
dence. 

THOMAS CONINGSBY, EsQ^, having sealously 
promoted the revolution, attended King William 
into Ireland, and was present at the battle of the 
Boynet where, being close to his majesty when the 
king received a slight wound in the shoulder, he was 
the first to apply a handkerchief to the hurt. He 
was, subsequently, upon William's departure from 
Ireland, constituted lord Justice with Lord Sidney, 
and elevated to the peerage of that kingdom as 
Barow C0NIMO8BT, ^OanbrasM, in the county of 
Armagh, on the YJth AprU, 10g3. In which year his 
lovdriiip was sworn of the privy council in England, 
and again in the reign of Queen Anne, when he was 
made vice-treasurer and paymaster of the forces in 
Ireland. Upon the accession of King George I. he 
was made a peer of Great Britain,. (18th June, 1715,) 
hi the dignity of Babow CowiwoeBT, of Coningsby, 
te the county of Lincoln, and created Eabz. ow 
I'omiraavT, also to the peeeege of Great Britain, 
198 



on the 90th April, 1719, both hoDoun being in re^ 
mainder to Maboarbt, Viscountess Coningsby, his 
ddest daughter by his second wife, and her heirs 
male. His lordship m. first, Miss Gorges, daughter 
of Ferdinando Gorges, Esq., of Eye, in the county 
of Hereford, by whom he had issue, 

Thomas, who m. , daughter of John Carr, 

Esq., of Northumberland, and dying in the 
lifetime of ^^ father, left issue, 
Thomas, who d. unmarried. 
RicHABo, who «. his grandfather in the 
Irish Baboity of CoNiMoaBV, ttfOanbrao- 
oU. His lordship m. Judith, daughter of 
Sir Thomas Lawley, Bart., but died «. p, 
on the 18th December, 1^, when the 
dignity bxpibbd. 
Mdior, m. to Thomas, first Lord SouthwdL 
Barbara, m. to George Eyre, Esq., of Eyre- 
Court, in the county of Galway. 
Lettice, m. to Edward Denny, Esq., of Tralee, 
in the county of Kerry. 
Lord Coningsby m. secondly, Frances, daughter and 
co-heir of Richard, Earl of Ranelagh, by whom he 
had two surviving daughters, vis. 

Margaret, who, in the lifetime of her father 
(26th January, 17I6), was created Babonbbb 
Alt D ViscouifTBsa C0KINO8BY, of Hampton- 
Court, in the county of Hereford, with re- 
mainder to her heirs male. 
Fiances, m. to Charles Hanbury Williams. Esq. 
The earl d. on the Ist May, 1789, when the Babokv 
or C0NIMO8BT, of Clanbrassll, devolved upon his 
grandson, Ricrabd, as stated above, and bxpibbd 
with that nobleman in the same year, while his 
dignities of Great Britain passed according to the 
limitation to his eldest daughter (by his second 
wife), 

MARGARET, VloeountMO Coning^t <^f Itamp- 
ton-Xkturt, who then became CouMTaaa or Co- 
lt i bobby. Her ladyship m. Sir Miduid Newton* 
K.B., by whom she had an only son, 

John, who d, in Infancy. 
Lady Coningsby d, in 1761, when leaving no issue, 
all her own honours and those inherited from her 
father became bxtinct. 
Abmb.— Ou. three conies wtjrtmt ar. 

CONWAY-BARONS CONWAY, OF 
RAOLEY, IN THE COUN- 
TY OF WARWICK, VIS- 
COUNTS CONWAY, OF 
CONWAY CASTLE, IN THE 
COUNTY OF CAERNAR. 
VON, AND EARL OF CON- 
WAY. 

The English Barony, ^ | ^ TsSnd March, 1024. 

'' : Viscounty V* 1 -^ 6th June, 1(06. 

Earldom, I "^fi | 3rd Dec., 1678. 

From 

SIR HENRY CONWAY, who was retained in 
the BOk Riduurd II. to do that monarch service as a 
knight all his life, and in time of peace, to have diet 



COP 



COP 



fior Umteif. om esquire^ one dnmberJain, and torn 
as also hay. oats, hono-tboet and nails for 



JOHN CONWAY, Esq., of Potiithan, in the 
oounty of Flint, whose son, 

SIR HUGH CONWAY, rMeived the honour of 
knighthood at the ooronatioQ of Queen EUaabeth, 
oonsort of King Henry VII., haying been previously 
a aeaknis supporter of the interests of that monaich» 
and master of his wardrobeii From this Sir Hugh 
»n«Uy sprang,. 

EDWARD CONWAY, Esq., one of the gentle- 
men ushen of the chamber to Kiqg Henry VIII., 
who m. Ann^ daughter and hdren of Richard Bur- 
dett, Esq., of Arrow, in the county of Warwick, and 
was «. by his son, 

SIR JOHN CONWAY, KnL, who being in the 
great expedition made into Scotland in the 1st year 
of Edward VL, distinguished hims^io highly as to 
be made a BAwirBRaT. Sir John m. Catherine 
daughter of Sir Ralph Vemey, Knt, and was «. at 
his decease, lome time in the reign of Edward VLby 
his ton, 

SIR JOHN CONWAY, who was made goremor 
of Ostcnd, by Robert, Earl of Leicester, in the year 
ISM. He m. Eleue, daughter of Sir Fulke GreviUe, 
of Bcauchamps Court, in the county of Warwick, 
and dying in the 1st year of King James I., was «. 
by his son, 

SIR EDWARD CONWAY. This gallant pei^ 
son receiTed the honour of knighthood flrom Robert, 
Earl of Enex, at the sacking of Cadiz, where he 
commanded a regimttit in 1508. After which he 
served in the Netherlands, and was governor of the 
BrilL In the 90th James I. he was constituted one 
of the principal secretariei of sUte, and elevated to 
the peerage on the 22nd March, 1684, as Baron 
CovwAY, 0/ Ragiev, in the oounty of Warwick, a 
manor acquired by purchase towuds the dose of 
.Queen Elisabeth's reign. His lordship was appoint- 
ed captain of the Isle of Wight in the December fol- 
lowing, and being again secretary of sUte in the 1st 
King Charles I., was advanced to the Irish Vis- 
county or K1LX.ULTA0B, in the county of Antrim, 
in 1626, in which year, on the 6th June, he was cre- 
ated Viscount Conway, or Conway Castlb, 
in the county ci Caernarvon. Hit lordship filled 
afterwards the high office of prxsidbnt or thb 
couNcu,, and was accredited upon some occasion 
ambassador extraordinary to the court of Vienna. 
His lordship m. Dorothy, daughter of Sir John 
Tiacy, Knt., of Lodington, in the county of Glou- 
cester, and widow of Edward Bray, Esq., by whom 
he had issue, Edward, his suoceisor { Thomas (Sir), 
a lieutenant-colonel in the army hi the wars in Ger- 
many, and Ralph t with four daughters, vis. 

Frances, m. to Sir William PeDiam, Knt, of 

Brocklesby, in the county of Lincoln. 
Brilliana, m. to Sir Robert Harley, Knt, of 

Brampton Bryan, in the county of Hereford. 
HeUgawrth, m. to Sir WilUam Smith, Knt, of 

the county of Essex. 
Mary. 

The viscount d. in 1630, and was «. by his eldest 
son, 

EDWARD CONWAY, second Viscount, who had 



been sumiBoned to parliament in tha4th of Charles I., 
in his fiuher's Barony of Conway. His lordship 
m, first, Frances, daughter of Sir Francis Popham, 
Knt, of Littlecot, in the county of Somenet, by 
whom he had two surviving sons, Edward and 
Francis, snd two daughters, Dorothy, m, to Sir 
Geoige Rawdon, Bart, of Moira, in the county of 
Down, (ancestor of the Lords Moira, of Ireland;) 
and Annsu His kirdship m. secondly, Katharine, 
daughter of Giles Heicriblock, of Ghent, but had 
no issue. He d. in 1605, and was «. by his eldest 
surviving son, 

EDWARD CONWAY, 4th Viscoont, who was 
created Earl or Conway, on the Srd December, 
1679, and was for some time secretary of statOi His 
lordship m. first, Elisabeth, daughter of Sir Hcncage 
Finch, Seijeant at Law, and Recorder of London, 
and sister of the Lord Chancellor, HenMge, (Finch,) 
first Earl of Nottingham, by whom he had an only 
■on, Hcneaga, who died in infimcy. He in. se- 
condly, EUsabeth, daughter of Henry Booth, Earl 
of Warrington, and thirdly, Ursula, daughter of 
Colonel Stawd, but had no surviving issucb He 
died in 1683, when all his honour* became rx- 
TiNCT) but the prinoipal part of his extensive 
esutes passed, by his lordshjp% will, to the sons of 
Sir Edward Seymour, Bart, of Bury Pomeioy, by 

his second wife, Lettice, daughter of Popham, 

Esq., of Littleoote, with the ii^uncUon, that the 
inheritor should assume the surname and arms of 
Conway. This fortune was first inherited by 
Popham Sbymour, Esq., who assumed, of course, 
the name of Conway, but that gentleman falling 
in a duel with Cokmel Kirk, 4th June, 1690, and 
dying unmarried, it passed to hii brother, FRANcia 
Sryxour, Esq., who assumed likewise the surname 
of Conway, and was afterwards created Baron 
Conway, qf Bagteif, which rarony now merges 
in the MARQUiaATR or Hbrtpord. 

Arms^-^. on a bend ootised ar. a rose betw. two 
annulate guks. 

COPSI — EARL OF NORTHUMBER- 
LAND. 

Conferred by William the Conqueror, anno 106& 

The Earldom of the county of NoRTHuaiRBR- 
LAND, was held at the time of the conquest, by 

MORKAR, younger son at Algar, Earl of the 
county of Chester, and he was left undisturbed in 
the dignity, tmtil he rose in robellioQ against the 
new monarch, when he forfeited the earldom, which 
was then conferred upon 

COPSI, (uncle of Tofti, a very distinguished 
Earl of Northumberland under the Saxon rule,) in 
consideration of the high character he had attained 
in coundL The new earl immediately expdled 
fkrom his territory, Osulph, whom Morkar had 
pbced there tm his deputy, but that chief collecting 
a force, compelled Earl Cnpai to seek shelter in the 
churdi of Newbume, which being fired, the Earl of 
Northumberland was seised by his opponent in an 
attempt to escape, and was decapitated at the door 
of the church, on the fourth Iiles of March, in the 
T 137 



COR 



COR 



fifth week after he had the administntion of those 
parts committed to him ; but in the Tery next 
autumn, Omilph himself was slain by a robber, 
with whom he came casually into conflict. 

CORBET— BARONS CORBET. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 23rd June, 1295, 
83 Edward L 

Xintage. 

In the time of William the Conqueror, 

f Rooaa ^ sons of Corbkt, 
The brothers* •] and S-lield of Roger de 

(^ RoBBKT, } Montgomery, divers 
lorddiips in the county of Salop, and were muni- 
ficent benefhcton to the church. From the younger 



ROBERT CORBET, Lord of Caus, Ac, In the 
county of Salop, who in the 22nd of Henry II., 
paid twenty marla for trespaaring in the king's 
fiorests. And in the 6th of Richard I., upon the 
collection of the scntage for that monarch's redemp- 
tion, answered four pounds, as also twenty shillings 
mote, for one knight's fee. This Robert, was *, by 
his son, 

THOMAS CORBET, who, siding with the 
barons in the latter end of the reign of John, had 
his castle of Caus seised, but making hb peace and 
doing homage, it was restored in the Snd Henry III. 
This feudal lord d. in three years afterwards, and 
was «. by his son, 

THOMAS CORBET, who in the 17th of 
Henry III., was oomttelled with otha* barons 
mardicn to give a pledge to the crown for his 
good conduct. This Thomas was cast, in the 90th 
of the same reign, in a law-suit, which he had with 
Avioe and Lude, the daughters and heiresses of 
Roger de Say, for a wood at Ambaldeston. In the 
2Snd of Henry III., he had summons aa a baion 
marcher, to attend the king at Oxford, to consult 
touching certain proceedings of Lewelin, Prince of 
Wales. In the 32nd of this same monarch, he was 
constituted sheriff of the counties of Salop and 
Staflbrd, and he hdd that office for two years and 
a half. In a few years afterwards, he attended the 
king in his expedition into Wales, and had com- 
mand to aid Hamon le Strange, in driving the 
Welch fkom Montgomery. He was subsequently 
engaged several times in the Wdch wars. This feudal 
lord fii, Isabdl, daughter of Reginald, and sister of 
Roger VanetoTt, Baron of Huberton, and had issue, 
PnTBR, his successor. 

Alice, m. to Robert de Stafford, and had issue, 
Nidiolas de Staflbrd, whose son, 
Edmund de Staflbrd, was fktber of 
Ralph, Lord Stapvord. 
Ehnme, m. to Sir Bryan de Brampton, and 
had, 

Walter de Brampton, father of 

Sir Bryan de Bramptom, who left two 
daughters, co-heiresses, 

Margaret, m. to Robert Harley, 
Esq., ancestor of the Earls of 
Oxford. 
138 



Eliwbeth, m, to Edmund de 
ComwalL 
His lordship d. in 1273, and was «. by his son, 

PETER CORBET, who having distinguished 
himself in the wars ot King Edward I., was sum- 
moned to parliament •» a baron by that monarch, 
from the 23rd June, 1296, to 96th September, 1300. 
In the 27th of the same reign, his lordship was 
found by inquisition, to be one of the next heirs 
to Roger de Valletort. Hed. In 1300, and was s. by 
his second, but eldest surviving son, 

PETER CORBET, second Baron Corbet, sum- 
moned to parliament from 19th September, 1302, to 
14th March, 1322. His lordship m. Beatrix, daugh- 
ter of John, Lord Beauchamp, of Haccfae, but died 
without issue, in 1392, when he was ». by his 
brother, 

JOHN CORBET, third Baron, at whose decease, 
9, p., the Barony of Cobbxt, became bxtiwct, 
while (the descendanU of the deceased lord's aunts,) 
Ralph, Lord Staflbrd, and Sir Robert Harley, be- 
came his heirs. 

Arms.— Or. a raven ppr. 

CORBET— VISCOUNTESS CORBET, 
OF LINCHDALE, IN THE 
COUNTY OF SALOP. 

By Lettcn Patent, dated anno 167B> The dig- 
nity for life only. 

ICincagc. 

DAME SARAH CORBET, widow of Sir Vincent 
Corbet, Bart, of Moreton Corbet, in the county of 
Salop, (a descendant of the old Lords Corbet, of 
Caus Castle,) and daughter of Sir Robert Monson, 
of Carlton, in the rounty of Lhicofai, was elevated 
to the peerage, by letters patent, dated in 1679, /or 
t{fii onitft as ViBcouNTBBS Corbet, op Lincr- 
DALB. Her ladyship's son. Sir Vincent Corbet, se- 
cond Baronet, left a son. Sir Vincent Corbet, third 
Baronet, at whose decease, «. p., in 1688, the ba- 
ronetcy became extinct. The peerage xxpirbd of 
course, with the viscountess. 

NoTX.— Upon the demise of Sir Vhicent Corbet, 
in 1688, the estates of the family reverted to that 
gentleman's great uncle, Richard Corbet, Esq., of 
Shrewsbury, whose lineal descendant, Andrew Cor- 
bet, Esq., was created a baronkt, in 1806, and is 
the present Sir Andrxw Corbbt, itf Mortton 
Corbet, 

CORNWALL — BARON FANHOPE, 
IN THE COUNTY OF HE- 
REFORD. BARON MIL- 
BROKE, IN THE COUNTY 
OF BEDFORD. 

Barony of Fanhope, 17th July, 1433. 
Barony of Milbroke, 30th January, 1442. 

Xincage. 

The first notice of 
SIR JOHN CORNWALL, K.G., occurs In the 



COB 



COS 



SOthof Rlcfaanl IL, whan, Mag pMained lo 
thtt king during hb liA, he obtained a grant of 100 
marks per annum. In the 8d of Henry IV., Sir 
John, haTing deported hinuelf with great gaUantry 
in Juating against a Frenchman at York, in the 
pr es enc e of the king, won the iieart of that mo* 
naid&'s sister, Elisabeth, widow of John Holland, 
Earl of Huntingdon, whose hand he Man after- 
wards obtained, and with her oonsidecabie grants 
from the crown to eq|oy during the }Mdf% liib^ with 
a rent charge of 400 marks per annum for his own. 
In Ave years afterwards he was again distinguished 
at a tournament hdd in L«mdon, where he triumph- 
ed over a Scottish knight; and he was subsequently 
one of the companions in armsof the gallant Hen. V. 
nt the glorious battle of Aoin court. In the 6th of 
the sama reign, he was constituted one of tlie com- 
miaslonect to treat with the captain of the castle of 
Caen for the sunender of that fortress ; and upon 
the departure of his royal master ttam France, he 
was left behind for the definoe of those partsi for 
all which important serrioes, and in ooniideration 
of his connection with the house of Plantagenet, Sir 
John Cornwall was advanced by King Henry VL, in 
open perliament, to the dignity of a mmmou of the 
reafan, under the title of Barow Fajthopb, of Fan^ 
hope, in the county of Herefbrd* on the 17th July, 
1433, and created, on the 30th January, 144S, Barow 
MII.BROKR, to bear that title as afreedcniaen of this 
realm, dec. ; bat he was always summoned to parlia- 
ment as «« JtkantU Commomi/tt ChmniUr.** In the 
18th of Henry VI., his lordship waa made governor 
of the town of St. Selcrine, then won by assault; 
shortly after which he had a grant ot the custody of 
Charles, Duke of Orleans, during the time of the re- 
straint of that prince in England. 

This gallant nobleman outlived his wife, the Prin- 
cess Elisabeth, by whom he had no issue,* and died 
in 1443> when the BARowisa or Fakhopr akd 
M11.BBOKB became nitTiivcT. His lordship left 
two iUqgitimate sons, Johh and Thomas, fbr whom 
he provided in his wia 

Arm8«— Enn. a lion rampant» gn. crovmed or. 
within a bordure aa. bwantA*. 

CORNWALLIS — MARQUESSES 
CORNWALLia 

By Letters Patent, dated lAth August, 179S. 

Zincage. 

CHARLES CORNWALLIS, aeoond earl Com- 
waUis, bom 31st December , 1738, having distin- 
guished himsdf as a military commander in India, 
was created Marousbs Cormwai.lis on the 15th 
August, 1792. In 17S9 his lordship was appointed 
Lord LiBtmvAiTT or InRLAMB, and commander 
of the forces these; in which high situation he ac- 
quired the vqiutation of having re st ored puMic 

• No itw, so says Dugdale ; but Heylin, in his 
Lists of the Earls of Arundel, states that John Fits- 
Alan, Lord Maltravers, espoused for biM second wilb, 
'Maud, daughter of Sir John Cornwall, Lord Fan- 
hope ; and Lysson asserts that his lordship had one 
legitimate son slain in France in his own life-time. 



tranqnilUty at that nahappy period by the Armneas, 
moderation, and humanity which governed his 
councils. In 1804, the marquess had the honour 
of being placed a aeoond time at the head of the 
government of India, as governor-general, and died 
there on the 5th October, in the following year. 
His lordship m., in July, 1768, Jemima, daughter of 
James Jones, Esq., and had iasue, 

CsAJtuia, his sncoesaor. 

Mary, m, in 1785, to Mark Shigleion, Esq., 
M.P.* principal store k eep e r to the ocd- 



The marqueas, who was a Kiciobt of the Qartsr, 
was «. by his eldest son, 

CHARLES CORNWALLIS, third earl and 
second marquess, bom 10th October, 1774, m. 17th 
April, 1707> Louisa, fourth daughter of Alexander, 
fourth Duke of Gordon, and had issue, 

Jane, m. to Richard, third and present Lord 
Braybroka 

liouisa. 

Jemima* m. to Lord EIlot» eldest son of the 
Earl of St. Germana^ 

Mary, m. to Charlea Roea, Ei^ 

Elisabeth. 
His lordship d. in 1883, whan the MARguiaATS ov 
CoRmvALLia bxfirbd; but the baai.oom and 
other honours reverted to his uncle, John, Lord 
Bishop of LitchAeld and Coventry, and are extant in 
his lordship's son, Jamea, preacnt Earl Cormwai*- 

X.IS. 

Arms.— Sa. guttee d'eau, on a feaae ar., three Cor- 
nish choughs ppr. 

C08PATRICK — EARL OF NORTH- 
UMBERLAND. 

Conferred by William the Conqueror, anno 106B. 

ICiiuagc. 

upon the death of Robert Comyn, Earl of North- 
umberland, 

COSPATRICK, aon of Maldred, son of Crinan, 
(which Maldred was progenitor to the second dy- 
nasty of the great flunlly of Neville, still repre- 
sented by the earls of Abergavenny,) obtained the 
earldom of the county of Northumberland Arom the 
Conqueror for a large sum of money ; but soon af- 
terwards becoming dtssatiallfrti with the sway of the 
new ruler, his lordship, with other northern chiefs, 
fled into Scotland, taking with them young Eooar 
Atbliko, Agitha, his mother, and Margaret and 
Christian, his sbters, and were well received by 
King Malcolm. 

From Scotland the earl made several hostile incur- 
sions into England, and was deprived of the earldom 
tot those repeated treasoni He subsequently ob- 
tained Dunbar, with the adjacent lands in Loudon, 
fipom the Scottish monarch for his subsistence, but 
died soon afterwards, leaving three sons and a 
daughter, 

Julian, whom King Henry II. gave in marriage 
to Ranulph de Merley, of Morpeth* a great 
Northumberland baron. 

Anna.— OukSf a saltier art 

139 



cov 



cov 



COTTINGTON— BARON CX)TTINO- 
TON, OF HAMWORTH, IN 
THE COUNTY OF MID- 
DLESEX. 

By Letters Patent, dMed 19th July, l(t31. 

ICiiuagf. 

FRANCtS COTTINOTON, Eaq., fourth ton of 
Philip Cottington, Eiq.* of Godmamton, in the 
county of Somcnetr having hdd the office of 
clerk ai the council in the reign of King James I., 
and being secretary to Charles, Prince of Wales, was 
crnted a baboitkt by that monarch on the 16th 
February, 1690. Alter the accession of King 
Charles I., Sir Francis Cottington was constituted 
cfaanodlor and under treasurer of the exchequer t 
and being sccredited ambassador to the court of 
Madrid, for the purpose of negodeting » peace, he 
was elevated to the peerage on the 10th July, 1631, 
as Lord Cottinotoit, Baron qf Hanwar^, in the 
county of Middlesex. His lordship was next com- 
missioned to exercise the importtuit office of lord 
treasurer during the king's absence In Scotland, in 
the 9th Charles I., and was constituted master of 
the wards upon his mi^asty's return. During the 
dvil wars. Lord Cottington remained faithfully 
attached to his royal master, and eventually went 
into exile with King Charles II., ftom which he 
never returned. His lordship married Anne, daugh- 
ter of Sir William Meredith, KnL, and widow of 
Sir Robert Brett, by whom he bad a son and 
four daughters, all of whom predeceased him 
unmarried. He d. at Valladolid, In 16fi3, when the 
the BABOMY or CorriifOTON became Bzrrif ct, and 
his estates passed to his nephew, Charlbs Cot- 
TiiroTON, Esq., who had his lordship's remains 
brought over to England, and interred in Westmins- 
ter Abbey, where he erected a stately monument. 

ABxa.-^Aa. a fesse between three roses, or. 



COVENTRY— BARONS COVENTRY, 
OF AYLESBOROUOH, IN 
THE COUNTY OF WOR. 
CESTER. 

By Letters Patent, dated 10th April, 10S8. 

ICincage. 

This, family rose first into Importance through 

JOHN COVENTRY, an opulent mercer of the 
dty of London, who filled the dvic chair in 1425, 
and was one of the executors of the celebrated Sir 
Richard Whittington. From this worthy dtiaen 
descended 

THOMAS COVENTRY, Esq., an eminent 
lawyer, temp. Elisabeth and King James I. In the 
S8th of the former reign, he was chosen autumnal 
reader by the sodety of the inner Temple, but was 
obliged to postpone the ftilfifanent of his task to the 
ensuing Lent, owing to the plague then raging in 
London. He was soon afterwards advanced to the 
dignity of the coif, and, in the 3d year of King 
James, was appointed king's serjeant; before the 
close of which year, being constituted one of the 
judges of the court of common pleas, he took his 
140 



seat upon the bendi, but surriyed his promotion » 
few months only. He m. Margaret, daughter and 

hdress of Jeffreys, Esq., of Croome-d'Abitot, 

and bad issue, 

Thomab, his successor. 

William, of Ridmarley, In the county of 

Worcester. 
Walter, from whom the present Earls of Co- 
ventry derive: 
Joan, IN. to — — Rogers Esq., of Surrey. 
Catherine, m. to William Child, Esq. 
Anne, m. to George Frampton, Esq. 
He was «. by hb eldest son, 

THOMAS COVENTRY, Esq., who, having 
adopted the learned profession of his father, at- 
tained the very highest honours of the bar. His 
advancement commenced with the reoordership of 
London; he was then appcdnted soUdtor-general, 
and honoured with knighthood, and, in the Ittth of 
James I., suc ceede d to the attomey-generalship. 
In the first of King Charles I., Sir Thomas was 
constituted loao kxbpbr of thb obbat sbal, 
and devatad to the peerage on the 10th April, 1698, 
as BABOif CovBiTTBT, 1^ AjfMbwnntgh, in th« 
eountp ^ WcrcuUr, His lordship m. first, Sarah, 
daughter of Edward Sebright, Esq., of Besford, in 
the county of Worcester, and had lame, 
Thomas, his successor, 
Elixabeth, m. to Sir John Hare, of Stow-Bar- 
dolph. In the county of Norfolk. 
He nu secondly, Elisabeth, daughter of J<dm Al- 
dersey, Esq., of Spurstow, and widow of William 
Pitchford, E^., by whom he had 

John, m. to Ellsi^beth, daughter and eo-hdr of 
John Coles, Esq., of Barton, in the county 
of Somerset, and widow of Herbert Dod- 
dlngton, Esq., and had 

John, (Sir, K.B.) member of the Long 
PirUament for Weymouth. The out- 
rage upon this gentleman, and its pro- 
vocation, which gave rise to the wdl- 
known Covbhtby act, arose thus :— 
Upon the occasion of a money grant 
being carried in the House of Common^ 
it was proposed by opposition that the 
supplies for It should be raised by a tax 
upon playhouses, which being resisted 
by the court party, upon the plea 
" that playcn were the king's servants* 
and a part of- his pleasure," Sir John 
Coventry asked whether did the king's 
pleasure Ue among the men or the wo- 
men that acted?— an observation that 
exdted so much indignation In the 
royal cirde, that it was determined to 
inflict summary punishment upon the 
utterer. The Duke of York told Bur- 
net " that he had said every thing t6 
divert the king from the resolution he 
had taken, whidi waa to send some 
guards to watch in the street where Sir 
John Coventry lodged, and to set a 
mark upon him." The outrage, by Ulls 
of indictment, was found to have been 
committed by Sir Thomas SandyB,Knt., 
Charles O'Brien, Esq., Simon Parry, 



cov 



cov 



And MtlM Rtevm, who lied ftrom Jus- 
tice, not daring to abide a legal triaL 
** Aa Coventry was going home," tayi 
Bumet» " they drew about him : he 
•tood up to the wall, and snatched the 
flambeau out of hia servantTa handa; 
and with that in one hand, and his 
Bword in the other, he defimded himself 
•o well, that he got great credit by it 
He wounded some of them i Imt was 
soon disarmed, and then they cut his 
nose to the bone, to teach him to re- 
member what respect he owed to the 
kings and so they left him, and went 
to tlie Duke of Monmouth's, where 
O'Brien's arm was dr esse d. The matter 
was executed by orders flrom the duke, 
for which he was severely censured, 
because he lived tlien upon terma of 
friendship with Coventry. Coventry 
had his note so well needled up, that 
the sear was scarcdy to be discerned. 
This put the house of commons in a 
furloua uproar: they passed a bill of 
banishment against the actors of it, 
and put a clause in it, that it should 
not be In the king's power to pardon 
them, and that it should be death to 
maim any person." This Sir John Co- 
ventry died unmarried, and endowed 
an hospital at Wiveliscomb, in the 
. county of Somerset. 
Francis, married thrice, but had issue <mly by 
hia third wife, Elisabeth, daughter and co- 
heiress of John Manning, Esq., of London, 
and widow of Robert Csesor, Esq., namely, 
Francis, who d. unmarried in 1686. 
EUiabeth, m. to Sir William Keyt, Bart., 

of EUngton, Glouoestershira 
Utruda, m. to Sir Lacon-Wllliam Child, 
Knt. 
Henry, one of the privy ooundl of King 
Charles II., a diplomatist in the beginning 
of that monarch's reign, and subsequently 
one of hia nu^^ty's principal secretaries of 
state. He d. a bachelor on the 7th Decem- 
ber, 1686. 
William (Sir), a privy-oouncUlor, secretary of 
theadpilralty, temp. Charles II. "Aman," 
says Burnet, ««ofgreat notions and eminent 
▼irtuJBs; the best speaker in the House of 
Commons, and capable of bearing the chief 
ministry, as it was once thought he was 
very near it, and deserved it more than all 
the rest did." Sir William was, however, 
forbid the court fbr sending a challenge to 
the Duke of Buckingham ; after which he 
redded in private until his decease in 1686, 
at Minster Lovd, near Whitney, in Oxford- 
shircb Sir William Coventry d. unmarried. 
Anne, m. to Sir William Savile, Bart., of 

Thomhill, in the county of York. 
Mary, «n. to Henry Frederick Thynne, Esq., of 

Loni^ete, in the county of Wilts. 
Margaret, m, to Anthony, Earl of Shaftesbury. 
Dorothy, m. to Six John Packington> Bart, of 



Westwood, in the county of Worcester. 
This lady, who was distinguished by her In- 
tdligenoe and piety, was esteemed the au- 
thor of THaWHox.B Duty or Mam. 
Thomas, Lord Coventry^ died at Durham House, in 
the Strand, London, Uth January,. 1640, and Lord 
Clarendon says that ** he discharged all the offices 
he went through with great abilities and singular 
reputation of integrity; that he ei^oyed his place of 
lord keeper with universal reputation (and, sure. 
Justice was never better administered,) for the space 
of about sixteen years, even to his death, some 
months before he was sixty years of age." Hb 
lordship was ». by his eldest son, 

THOMAS COVENTRY, second baron, who in. 
Mary, daughter of Sir William Craven, Knt, and 
sister of William, Earl Craven, by whom he had 
two sons, Geoige and Thomas. His lordship d, S7th 
October, 1661,and was «. by the elder, 

GEORGE COVENTRY, third baron, this noble- 
man m, 18th July, 1603, Margaret, daughter of John, 
Earl of Thanet, by whom he had surviving issuo, 
JoBif, his successor. 

Margaret, m. to Charles, Earl of Wiltshire, 
afterwards Duke of Bolton, and died «. p, 
in 1683. 
His lordship, d. Uth December, 1680, and was «. by 
his son, 

JOHN COVENTRY, fourth baron, at whose de- 
cease, unmarried, 85th July^ 1685, the title and 
estates reverted to his unde. 
The Honourable 

THOMAS COVENTRY, of Snitfleld, in the 
county of Warwick, as fifth Baron Coventry. His 
lordship was advanced by letters patent, dated 26th 
April, 1607* to the dignities of VUeount Deerhurtt, 
and Earjl of Covsntry, the limitation extending 
to William, Thomas, and Hedry Coventry, grand- 
sons of Walter Coventry, brother of the Lord 
Keeper Coventry. He m. first, WinifVede, daughter 
of Pierce Edgcombe, Esq., of Mount Edgcombe, In 
the county of Devon, and had two surviving sons, 
Thomas and Gilbert His lordship m. secondly, 
Elisabeth, daughter of Richard Graham, Esq., (who 
espoused, after the earl's decease, Thomas Savage, 
Esq., of Elmley Castle, In the county of Worcester,) 
by whom he had no Issue. He d. on the I5th July, 
1680, and was «. by his elder son, 

THOMAS COVENTRY, second earl, who m. 
Anne, daughter of Henry, Duke of Beaufort, and 
dying In 1710, was «. by his only surviving son, 

THOMAS COVENTRY, third earl, at whose 
decease at Eton College, 88th January, 1711-12, the 
honours and estates reverted to his unde, 

GILBERT COVENTRY, fourth earl, who m. 
first, Dorothy, daughter of Sir William Keyt, Bart, 
of Ebrlngton, in the county (rf Gloucester, and had 
an only daughter, 

Anne, m. to Sir William Carew, Bart, ot 
Anthony, in ComwaU. 
His lordship m. secondly, Anne, daughter of Sir 
Streynsham Masters, but had no issue. He d. on 
the 27th October, 1718, when the Earldom and 
Viscounty, with the bulk of his estates, passed to 
his relative, William Coventry, Esq., of the City of 
Londoo, one of the clerks of the green doth, ac- 

141 



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oordteg to the limltadoD of thapaCoit ctf lflB7> (from 
whom the extant Earb of Coventry inherit.) while 
the Bakony ow CoYXJiTitY of Aylbsboiiouoh, 
became sztinctt. 

Aaaia.— Ss. a liBMe cnn. between three oeMents. 
or. 

COURCY— EARL OF BEDFORD. 
By charter, dated tai 1388. 

lUiicasc 

IGELRAM DE COURCY m. Catherine, daugh- 
ter of the Duke of Auitria. and had a eon, 

INdELRAM DE COURCY. who was lo highly 
esteemed by King Edward IIL. that that monarch 
bestowed upon him his daughter Isabd. in marriage, 
and created him Earl op BaoFonD. conferring 
upon him aleo the ribbon of the garter. His lord- 
ship d. in 1397* leaving issue by the princess» 
Mary. m. to Robert de Barr. 
Philippa. m. to Robert de Vere, Earl of Ox- 
ford, and Duke of Ireland, one of the un- 
happy fsvourites of Richard II. 
Upon the decease of his lordship, the EAaLOoai or 
Beopord, became bxtinct. 
ASM8.— Barry of six. Vairte and gules. 

COURTENAY — BARONS COURTE- 
NAY. EARLS OF DEVON. 

Barony, by Writ of Summons, dated Gth 

February, 1399, 87 Edward I. 

Earidom, by Letters Patent, dated SSnd 

February, 133ft. 

The Courtenays, one of the moet illustrious races 
amongst the British noUlity, and of which a branch 
still exists, deduced their pedigree paternally from 
Athon, who himself descended from Pharamokd, 
founder in 420 of the French monarchy, and com- 
mon patriarch of all the kings of France. This 
Athon, having fortified, during the reign of Ro- 
bert the Wise, the town of CouaTXNAV, in the 
Isle of France, thence adopted his surname^ But 
as the power of the Courtenays in England, princi- 
pally arose fkom the great alllanres formed by the 
first members of the £smily who settled here, we 
shall paes at once to their maternal pedigrea 

GODFRY, Earl of Ewe and Brion, natural son 
of Richard I., Duke of Normandy, was fkther of 

GILBERT, Earl of Biion, who had two sons, 
Richard, ancestor of the house of Clare, and 

BALDWYN DE BRIONIS, who, for the distin- 
guished part he had in the conquest, obtafaied from 
King William, the Barony of Okehampton* the 
custody of the county of Devon, and the govern- 
ment of thc^astle of Exeter in fee. He m, Albreda. 
daughter of Richard, sumamed Goz, Count of 
Avranche, and had, with other issue, 

Richard, sumamed ox Rbdvxra. 

Robert, Governor of Brione. 

Emma, m, fint« to William Avenal, and so- 

14S 



amdly, lo William de Abnods, by the latter 
of whom she had issue, 

RoBXRT DB*ABRAHCia» who, upon the 
resignaticm of his uncl^ Richard de 
Redvers, obtained agrant of the Barony 
of Okdiampton, the oAoeof hereditary 
sberiir of Devon, and the government 
of Exeter Castle. He m. a daughter of 
Godwyn Dole, asMl left an only daughter 
andheiiaes, 

Maud db AxRAvcia, who m. first, 

Deincourt, by whom she had 

a daughter, 

Hawibb, m. to Sir Rboihajud 

DB COURTBHAT, Of whom 



Maud, espoused secondly, Robert 
Fita-Edith, natural son of King 
Henry I., and had another 
daughter, 

MATII.DA, m. to William de 
Courtenay, brother of Sir 
Rf(ginald. 
RICHARD DE ABRANCIS. sumamed dx Rxd- 
vxRa, having succeeded to the honours and posses- 
sions of his Csther, resigned the Barmy of Oke- 
hamplon, the sheriffalty of Devon, and the custody 
of the Caatle of Exeter, in favour of his nephew 
Robert de Abrands, mentioned above, and was 
created by King Henry L, Earl, op Dbvom, with a 
grant of the Isle of Wight in fee. This nobleman, 
(who from residing chiefly at Exeter, was generally 
called Earl of Exeter,) m. Adelia^ daughter and co- 
heiress of William FiU-Osbome, Earl of Herefotd, 
and had issue, 

Balowyn db RxDTBRa, his successor. 
William de Redvers, sumamed ox Vxrnok. 
Robert de Redvers. 

Hadewise. m. to William de Romare, Earl of 
Lincoln. 
Richard de Redvers, first Earl of Devon, d. in 
1137, and was «. by his eldest son, 

BALDWYN DE REDVERS, as second Earl of 
Devon. This nobleman, upon the demise of King 
Henry I., espousing the cause of the Empress Maud, 
took up arms, and immediately fortified his Castle of 
Exeter, and the Isle of Wight ; but being besieged 
by King Stephen, he was obliged to surrender the 
castle, and all his other possessions, and to withdraw 
with his innily from the kingdom. We find him 
however soon again returning, and in the e^|oymcnt 
of the Earldom of Devon; but, Uke hto father,gene- 
raUy styled Karl «f BsHer, ttom residing in that 
dty. His lordship m. Luda, daughter of Dni de 
Bkim, and had issu^ 

Richard, his successor. 

William, sumamed de VeniOD, of whom her»> 

after, as sixth Earl of Devon. 
Maud, m. to Ralph Avenill. 
He d. in June, 1166, and was «. by his son, 

RICHARD DE REDVERS, third Earl of Devon, 
who wedded JDionysIa, daughter of Reginald de 
DuastanviU, (natural son of King Henry I.,) Earl 
of Cornwall, and had two sons, successive Earls. 
His kMTdship d. in 1168, and was «. by the dder, 
BALDWIN DE REDVERS, fourth Earl of 



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Devon, at wbOM dttetme, without Imie* tlie hoikoun 
devolved upon hit brother, 

RICHARD DE REDVERS» fifth Earl of Devon, 
vrtio died also tine prott, when the honours reverted 
to hie uncles 

WILLIAM DE REDVERS, lumained FemoM, 
M tixth Earl of Devon. Thfa noblemaa, upon the 
•eoond coronation of King Richard I., wai one of 
the fonr eark that carried the eilken canopy, being 
then ttyled, " Earl of the tele of Wight.** Hii 
lordship appears to fa&ve adhered steadily to King 
John, for we find that monarch, in the eighteenth 
of his rtign, providing for the security of the earl's 
property, against Louis of France, which from his 
advanced age, he was unable to defiend himself. He 
m. MabA, daughter of Robert, Earl of Mellent, by 
whom he acquired a considerable accession to his 
landed possessions, and had issue, 

Baidwin, who m. Margaret, daughter and 
hdresB of Warine Fitagerald, and left at his 
decease, 1st September, 1S16, (in the Ilf^ 
time of his firther,) an only son, 

BALDwm, of whom presently, as 7th 
EAai< ov Davoir. 
Margaret, the widow, was forced, according 
to Matthew Paris, by Ming John, to marry 
** that impious, ignoble, sad base condition- 
ed man, FaOede Breant," of which marriage, 
he says, oue wrote these lines at the time^ 

Lex oonnectit eos, amor et concordia Lecti : 
Sed Lex qujdis I Amor qualis I Concordia qualis ? 
Lex exlex i amor exosus, concordia discoxs. 

Parfa continues^" On a time being in bed 
with him, he dreamed that a stone of an 
extnor^nary bigness, hkt a thunderbolt, 
burst out of the tower of the church of St. 
Albans, and falling upon him, crusht him to 
pieces. Whereupon starting out of his sleep, 
and, with great amaaement, tronbling, she 
asked him what the matter was, and how he 
did? To whom he answered, * I have in 
my time undergone many perils, but never 
was so much terrified, as in this dream,* 
And, having told her all particulars, she 
repUed, that he had grevionsly oAmded 
St Albau, by pointing that church with 
blood, and plundering the abbey t and 
therefore advised him, for preventing a 
more grievous revenge, to reconcile himself 
to that holy martyr. Wherefore, lodging 
then at Lupton, he forthwith arose and went 
to St. Albans; and having sent for the 
abbot, feU upon his knees with tears, and 
Iwlding up his hands, said, ' Lord have 
mercy upon me, for I have grievously 
oflimded Ood, and his blessed martyr, St. 
Alben ; but to a sinner there is mercy : let 
me therefore, by your leave, speak to your 
convent in chapter, to ask pardon of them 
In your presence for what I have done.' 
Whcteunto, the abbot consented, admiring 
to see such lamb-like humility in a wolf. 
Therefore, putting off his apparel, he en- 
tCTed the chapter house, bearing a rod in his 
hand ; and, coofesalng his fimlt, (wtddi he 



said he did in time of war,) received a lash 
by every one of the monks upon his naked 
body t and when he had put on his clothes 
again, he went and sate by the abbot, and 
said, • This my wife hath caused me to do 
for a dream ; but if you require restitutida 
for what I then took, I will not hearken to 
you.' And so he departed, the abbot and 
monks being glad, that they wen so rid of 
him, without doing them any more mis- 
chief.'* 
Joane, »ii. first, to William Brewera, and 
secondly, to Hubert de Bu^h« chamberlain 
to the king, but had no issue. 
Mary, m. Roaanr ns Courtbhav, feudal Ba- 
ron of Okdiampton, son and successor of Sir 
Reginald de Courtenay and Maud de Abran- 
ds, (refer to Emma, daughter of Baldwin 
de Abrancis, first Baron of Okehampton,) 
and conveyed to her husband the head of 
the Barony of Devonshire, with the castle 
of Plimton. Of this marriage, were issue. 
Sir Huoh or Codrtbkay, successor to 

his fkther. 
Sir William de Courtenay, sumamed de 
Musberrie, who m. Joane, daughter of 
Thomas Basset, but died «. p. 
Hauise, m. to John de NeviL 
Robert de Courtenay, Baron of Okdiampton. 
was «. by his elder son. 

Sir Hooh db CovRTRif at, as third 
Baron of Okehampton. His 
lordship m. Alianore, daughter 
of Hugh le Despencer, (fiither 
of Hugh, Earl of Winchester,) 
by whom, (whod. 11th October* 
1328,) he had issue, 

HuoH (Sir), his successor, of 
whom hereafter, as succes- 
sor to the estates of the 
Redverses, and the person 
in whom the Earldom 
or Dbvon was revived. 
PhiUp (Sir), who feU at the 
battle of ShiveUn, 24th 
June, 1314, and d. un*- 
married. 
Isabel, m. to John St. John, 
Baron St. John, of Basing. 
Aveline, m. to Sir John Gifr 

ford, Knt. 
Egeline, m. to Robert Scales. 
Margaret, m. to John de 
Moels. 
HU lordship d, 88th February, 1S91. 
William, sixth Earl of 'Devon, d, lith September, 
1S16, and was «. by his grandson, 

BALDWIN DE REDVERS, seventh Earl of 
Devon. In the 11th Henry III. GiOertds Ciart, Eari. 
or Oloucbrtrr akd Hbrtford, paid a flneof two 
thousand marks to the king for permission to marry 
his ddest daughter to this young nobleman : where- 
upon aU lus demesne buids, which were then valued 
at £aOO per annum, were placed under the guardian- 
ship of the Earl of Gknicester, until he should attain 
maturity. In the 94th of the same reign, the king, 

143 



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GOV 



keeping his Clirifltmat at Wincheiter, at tbeinitaace 
of Richerd, Earl of Cornwall, under whoee tuition 
Baldwin then wu, girded his lordship with the sword 
of knighthood ; and Investing him with the Earldom 
of the laLBOF Wioht* bestowed upon him Amicia, 
the daughter of the said Earl of Gloucester, in mar- 
riageu The Earl of Devon d. in five years afterwards. 
In the flower of his youth, anno ISM, leaving issue, 

Baldwiit, his suoceaebr. 

Margaret, a nun at Laoock. 

IsABBL, successor to her brother. 
His lordship was «. by his son, 

BALDWIN DE REDVERS, eighth Earl of 
Devon, who was oonuQitted to the tuition of Peter 
de Savoy, uncle of Queen Eleanor, and a person of' 
great note at that period. His lordship did homage, 
and had livery of his lands in the 41st Henry IIL, in 
which year he espoused Avis, daughter of the Earl of 
Surrey, by whom he had an only son, John, who d. in 
inCincy. The earl d. in 1S62, having been poisoned, 
with the Earl of Gloucester, and others, at the table 
of Peter de Savoy. With his lordriiip the male line 
of the ancient and eminent house of RnnvKita ex- 
pired, but its honours devolved upon his sister, 

ISABEL DE FORTIBUS, widow of William de 
Fortibus, Elarl of Albemarle and Holdemess, as 
CouKTaaaov Dsvoif. Her ladyship had three sons, 
all of whom d. In inAmcy, and two daughters, via. 

Anne, d. unmarried. 

Aveline, m. first, to Ingram de Percy, and 
secondly, to Edmund Plantagenet, Earl of 
Lancaster, but d. without iasue in the life- 
time of her mother. 
The countess d. in 1S93, and thus leaving no issue, 
the Eahldom or Davoir, and the other honours 
of the house of Rsovxrb expired, but so much of 
its extensive possessions as passed not to the crown, 
devolved upon the heir at law, 

SIR HUGH COURTENAY, feudal baron of 
Okehampton, (the Uesoendant of Lady Mary Red- 
vers, daughter of William, sixth Earl of Devon, 
refer to that nobleman,) who was summoned to par- 
liament as Baron Courtbnay Arom the 6th Fe- 
bruary, 1280 to the 84th July, 1334, and created on 
the SSnd Fetmiary, 1335, Earl or Dbtoiv. The 
latter dignity was oonfiBrred upon hb lordship in 
consequence of a reprcsentatioi made by him to the 
Khig (Edward III.), with whom he was in high 
estimation, to the purpose *' that he was seised of a 
certain annuity of £l& 6». 7d. for the terHum de- 
noHum of the county of Devon, with divers lands 
by right of Inheritance, from Isabell de Fortibus, 
Countess of Albemarle and Devon, which she m her 
life-time did possess; and having accordingly re- 
ceived the same annuity at the hands of the sheriflk 
of that county, for which they had allowance upon 
their accounts in the exchequer, until Walter, 
Bishop of Exeter, lord treasurer to King Edward 
II., upon the investigation of some persons who 
were inclined to disturb the business, did refuse to 
admit .theieof, aUedgIng, that this annuity was 
granted to the ancestors of the said Isabell, by the 
king's progenitors, under the name and title of 
barlsi and therefore, that he, the said Hugh, 
being ho barl, ought not to receive the same: and, 
' that upon the like pretenoe, Che then sheriA of 

144 



Devon did decline to pay it any longer to him.*' 
The king Immediatriy instituted an inquiry into 
the afflur, and finding it as stated, removed the dif- 
ficulty by creating his lordship an earl, as stated 
above, and dispatching his royal precept to the then 
sheriff of Devon, commanding him to proclaim that 
all persons should forthwith style his lordship Earl 
or Dbvoit. The earl m, when but seventeen years 
of age, Agnes, daughter of Sir John St. John, Knt., 
and sister of Lord St. John, of Basingt by whom 
he had issue, 

John, abbot of Tavistock. 
HuoH, his heir. 

Robert, of Moreton,- who d. in youth. 
Thomas, of Southpole, m. Muriel, daughter and 
heiress of Sir John de Mods, Knt., by whom 
he had, 

Hugh, who died s. p. 
Margaret, m. to Thomas PeveralL 
. Murid, m. to John Dynham. 
Eleanor, m. to John, Lord Grey, of Codnor. 
Elisabeth; m. to Lord Lisle. 
His lordship <L in 12S$ptm.d was «. by his son, 

HUGH COURTENAY, second Earl of Devon. 
This nobleman distinguished himself In arms during 
the martial rdgn of Edwaxd III., and was one of the 
first dignified with the Gartbr upon the institu- 
tion ^f that noble order. His lordship m. Margaret, 
daughter of Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford 
and Essex, and grand-daughter of King Edward I., 
by whom he had, with other issue, 

HcoH (Sir), who was summoned to parliament 
as Baron Coubtbnat on the 8th January, 
1371* and was one of theorlgnal Kniohts of 
the Gartbr. His lordship being in the ex- 
pedition made into France twenty-four years 
before, (Edward III.,) participated in the 
glory of Cressy, and being the next year in 
the tournament at Eltham, he had a hood 
of white doth, embrcddered with dancing 
men, and l^ttoned with large pearls, pre- 
sented to him by the king. He m. Elisabeth, 
daughter of Guy Brian, Lord of Tor-Brian, 
in Devonshire, and sister of the famous Guy, 
Lord Brian, standard-bearer to the King at 
Cressy, and a knight of the Garter, by 
whom he left at his decease, in the life-time 
of his father, an only son, 

Hugh, who m. Matilda, daughter of Tho- 
mas Holland, Earl of Kent, and of 
Joane, his wife, commonly called the 
Fair Mmid ef Kent, daughter of Ed- 
mund, of • Woodstock, son of King 
Edward I., whidi Joane, was subse- 
quently m. to Edward, the Black 
Prince, and by him was mother of 
Kino Richard If. Hugh Courtenay 
d. in 1377* a few years after his father, 
and before his grandfather, leaving no 
issufr His widow m. secondly, Wa- 
leran. Earl of St. PauL 
Edward, of Godlington, (who d. also before hU 
father,) m. Emeline* daughter and heiress of 
Sir John D'Auney, Knt, and had issue, 
Edward, of whom presently, as Inheritor 
of the hooottxs of the family. 



cou 



cou 



migh (Sir), or HMoomb, m. flxtt, BUm- 
beUi,daiig]itaror Sir WlUtem Cogaa» 
•nd widow of Sir Pulk FltiwariiM» who 
d. wUHoMt Imie H« to. Mooiidly, 
PhiUppOy drag btor and oo-lulroM of 
Sir WaR«B AnrnMum, (by CHataCh. 
dmghfor ood hilNMOf J^m ToAot, 
of RieBid** Caatte,) by wliom Im hod an 
only doo^ii6r» 

Jooiio» «. fiitt. to NIcholM, Lord 
Carew* of Mohimt Aatny, aad 
Moandly, to Sir Robart Varau 
Sir Hogh CoartaBatjrw. thirdly, Maud. 
dMMi^bim of Sir Joh^ Baaumont, of 
SharwaU, in tho oounty of Donat, by 
ho had • dmghtar, 
Ifargaiot, who m. Sir TbooboU 
GtanvUltKiiC. 
and a aoo aod hair, 
HooH (Sir), of BoooBBodE. in 
Conwall, Who iellat the battle 
of TewlLaabary, leaviiig iiaiie 
by Ida wiib^ Macgaiet, daoghter 
and oo>halr of Thooua Car- 
m\ao, Esq., of Dovoaabixa, 
EowARD, who waa created 
Baron Ok^ampton, aad 
Ea%v or Dbtoh, in 1485, 



Eliaabelh, m.-to John Tre- 

thiif, Baq. 
Maud, m, to John Arundel, 

Eaq., of Talvank 
laabei, m. to William Mo- 
ham, Eaq. 
Fleaanee, m, to John Tre- 
lawney, Eaq. 
k, ChaaoaUor of the Univanity of Ox- 
fofd, anno 19671 Biahop of Herafonl, 1309; 
Biahep of London 137A, and Archbiriiop of 
Canterbury uei. Hia yraea d. in !»& 
Putvjr (Sir), of Powderham Caatte, liautanant 
of Irriand in the raign of Ridittd IL, anoaa- 
tor of the esUtUtg noble bOMae of Cocnrn- 

VAV« 

Pien (Sir), atandard-beaNr to Kia« Edward 
III., conatable of Wlndaor Caatle, gorei n oi 
of Calaia^ehambarlain to King Richard II., 
and KwiOHT of the Gaktsb. Thia emi- 
nent and gallant paraon, who waa celebrated 
far d ae d a of armagd. unmarried in 140ft 
Margaret, fa. to John, Lord Cobhanu 
EUaabeth. m, fifat, to Sir John Veie, and 

aacondly, to Sir Andrew LuttereL 
Catherine, m, fixat, to William, Lord Haring- 
ton, aad lecondly, to Sir Thomaa Bngaiae. 
Jganob m. to Sir Jaiba Choverafeon. 
Hugh, aeoond Earl of Devon, d. In ISH* and waa «. 
by (the elder aon of hia aon Edward), Ida grand- 
aon, 

EDWARD COURTENAY, third ewL Thia no- 
bleman aerved In the beginning of the reign of Rich* 
nrd U. aa a naval officer, under John owQavkt and 
TaoMAa or WoonarocK reapectivdy, and waa ap- 
pointed in theythof the aemomonareh, aouikai> of 
all the king'a llaet from the mouth of the Thamea 



In the aoKt year, being tficn babl mab* 
anAi., hialordBhip waa retataiad to aarre the king in 
hIaScottiahwarai in two yeara aftarwacda he had tho 
mmmand of the iedt at aea topterent inTaaiOB, and 
in the 19th of Richard waa engaged in the Pr4 
HIa lordahlp eapooeed Maud, daughter of 
Barcn Gamola, aanl had laano, 

Edward (Sir), K.B., aad a*niral of the king'a 
fleet, who m. Eleanor, daughiar ot Roger 
Mortimer, Earl of March, but died a. p. in 
the life-time of hia fkther. 

HnoH, hb a n cce aaoa . 

Jamaa. 
The earl d. on the 0th Deeamber, 1410, and 
by hia aeoond, but eldeat aurvlving aon, 

HUGH COURTENAY, ibvrth earl, K.B., wnu, 
fai theath Henry V., (hia father then Hiring,) waa 
appointed oommaader4n-diief of the king'a fleet. 
Hia kndriilp m. Anne, daughter of Richard, Lord 
Talbot, and alatar of the renowned John, Earl of 
Shrawidmry, by whom he had laaua, 

TnoM Aa, Ua a uBco aao r . 

John, d. unmarried. 
Hia lordahip d. Idth June, 14tt, and waa a. by hU ' 
eldtfaon, 

THOMAS COURTENAY, flfth earL Thia no- 
bleman eonuneneed hia military c ar ee r at the ego of 
aixtecn, and waa engaged for aeveral yeara in the 
French wan of King Henry VI., with whioh monarch 
he aided upon tho breaking out of the unhappy con- 
flict between the bouaea of York and Laneaatart and 
the Courtenaya continued to adhere to the red rott 
with unahaken fldelity from that period until the tar* 
mination of the contest In 1448 a dispute regarding 
precedency aroee between the Earia of Devon and 
Arundd, but it waa decided by pariiament in Cavour 
of the latter, in oanaequence of the feudal poaaemion 
of Arundel Caatle. The earl m. Margaret Beaufort* 
aeoond daughter of John, Marqucu of Somerset, 
(one of the legitimised children of John of Oaunt,) 
and had laaue, 

TnoMAa, hia anceaiBor. 

Henry. 

John. 

Joana, m. to Sir Rogar Cllflbrd, Knt., who waa 
beheaded in 1480. 

EUaabeth, «•. to Sir Hugh Conway, Knt. 

Matilda. 

Eleanor. 
HIa lordahlp d. 3rd February, 14fi8, In the abbey of 
Abingdon, upon hia journey to London, with other 
lords, to mediate between the king and the Duke 
of York, and waa «. by hia eldeat aon, 

THOMAS COURTENAY, sixth earl, then 
twenty-alx yeara of age. Thia nobknan inheriting 
the political prindplea, aa well m honours of hia de- 
eeaaed father, waa a strenuous upholder of the cauae 
of Lancaatcr, and falling into the hands of the enemy 
at Towton-fieki, he waa beheaded at York, by order 
of King Edward IV. in April, '14(S. Under the at- 
tainder of thia earl,the honoura and poasesalons of 
the house of Courtenay fell ; but his next brother, 

HENRY COURTENEY, EBO.,(aa he waa styled, 
but who should have been anTSirrn bari«,) flnding 
flavour with the new king, had reatoraticn of aome- 
part ot the bmda. Engaging, however, in the Lan- 

U 14« 



cou 



cou 



castrian qtuurrd with the setl of his piedectfnon, he 
was ettaiiited of treaion* 4th March, 14116, before the 
king and JuatioeB at Sarum, and beheaded with the 
Lord Hungerfoid on the Mune day. The greater 
part of the Courtenay estates having been oonliBrred 
upon Humphrey Stafford, Baron Stafford, of South- 
wicke, hit lordship was created Earl or Dnron, 
7th May» 1469, but being beheaded and attainted in 
the August following, that earldom became forfeited. 
Upon the damise of Henry Courtenay, his only sur- 
viving brother, 

JOHN COURTENAY^ assumed to be eighth 
Eabjl of Davoir, and the Lancastrian interest pre- 
vailing in 1470, when King £dwAbj> was driven 
into Holland by the Earl of Warwick, Ills lordship 
was restored, by parliament, with King Henry VI., 
to the honour* and «Hat«» of his family. The defeat 
of the Earl of Warwick, however, after the return 
of King Edward by that prince, at the decisive bat- 
tle of Bamet, 14th April, 1471« again placed the 
Earl of Devon in Jeopardy; and attaching himself 
to Margaret, of Anjou, his lordship fell, gallantly 
fighting at the head of the rear guard of Margaret's 
army, at Tewkesbury, on the 4th May following. 
Thus the three brothers sealed with their blood their 
bond Of fidelity to the house of Lancaster, and with 
these brave soldiers expired the senior branch of the 
ancient and illustrious house of Courtenay. The 
last earl was buried at Tewkesbury, and being 
attainted, the honourb and saTATas of Dbvom, 
became again porvbitsd. 

' Armb.— Or. three torteauzes, with a label of three 
points, as. in chief. 

COURTENAY— .EARLS OF DEVON, 
MARQUESSES OF EXETER. 

Earldom, by Letters Patent, dated 9Gth Oct., 1485. 
Marquesate, by Letters Patent, dated 18th June, 1485. 

SIR HUGH COURTENAY, Knt, of Bacon- 
nock, in the county of Cornwall, only son of Sir 
Hugh Courtenay, of Haocomb, brother of Edtcard, 
THIRD Eabl or Dbvon, Of the Courtenay family, 
<see descendants of Hugh, second Earl of Devon- 
article Courtenay, Earls of Devon,) m. Margaret, 
daugliter and co-heiress of Thomas Carmino, Esq., 
(the last male heir of that ancient family,) by whonn 
he had issue, 

Edward (Sir), his successor. 
Walter (Sir), d. unmarried. 
Elisabeth, m. to John Trethrif/ 
Esq., and had a son, 
Tboxab TBBTHRir, who m. 
— ^, daughter of ••^— Travlsa, 
and left two daughters, vis.— 
Elisabeth, m. to John Vi- 
vian, Esq. 
Margaret, m. to Edward 
Courtenay, Esq, of Lar- 
rock. 
Maud, m. to John Arundel, Esq., of 

Talkem. 
Isabd, m. to William Mohun, Esq. 
Florence^ m. to John Trelawney, 
Esq. 
146 




Sir Hugh, faithful to the LencaaCrian Interest, fell 
with his noble kinsman, the Earl of Devon, at the 
battle of Tewkesbury, and his dder son, 

SIR EDWARD COURTENAY, being impli- 
cated with his brother. In Henry StcHbrd, Duke of 
Buckingham's conspiracy, in favour of Henry, Earl 
of Richmond, was forced to fiy into Britanny, upon 
the failure of that plot, and the decapitation of the 
duke: and was attainted with the Earl of Rich- 
mond and others, by parliament, in the bi^ginning 
of 1484, but returning with the earl, and as^ting 
at the battle of Bosworth, he was elevated to the 
peerage, by King Henry VII., on the 96th October, 
1489, in the andent dignity of the family, that of 
Eari. or Dbvon, the new monarch making him 
grants at the same time, of the greater part of the 
castles, manors, dec, which bdonged to the late 
Thomas Courtenay, Earl o£ Devon. In the March 
following, the king made his lordship governor of 
Kesterwell, in Cornwall, and a Knight of the Garter. 
The earl was in all the parliaments of Henry VII. 
He was In the expedition to France, in 1481, and 
in six years afterwards, he defended the city of 
Exeter, against Perkin Warbeck and his adherents. 
He m. Elisabeth, daughter of Sir Philip Courtenay, 
of Molland, by whom he had only son, 

Wii<LiAM, R.B., who m. Katherine, seventh 
and youngest daughter of Kmo Edward IV. 
In the year 1M2, this gentleman, with Lord 
William de la Pole, Sir James Tyrrd, and 
Sir John Windham, were arrested on the 
charge of holding a traiterous correspondence 
with Edmund de la Pole, Earl of Suflblk, 
(son of John, Duke of Suffolk and Lady 
Elisabeth, elder sister of Edward IV.,) who 
had fled to his aunt, Margaret, Duchess of 
Burgundy, and he (Sir William Courtenay) 
was attainted In consequence, in 1504; Tyrnrt 
and Wyndham were beheaded on Tower Hill, 
while Sir William Courtenay was doomed to 
incarceration during the king's reign. 
The earl d. in 1500, and King Henry VIII. ascend- 
ing the throne in the same year, his highness imme- 
diately liberated 

SIR WILLIAM COURTENAY. and took him 
into his gracious favour; but Sir William died In 
the third year of that monarch's reign, before he 
had either letters patent or a fontaal restoration of 
the earldom : he was, however, buried ** with the 
honours t^fan earl," at the espeeto/ command of the 
king. By the Lady Katherine Plantaganet, he left 
an only son, 

EDWARD COURTENAY, who being restored 
in blood and honours, became second Earl or 
Dbvob. In US9, his lordship obtained a grant of 
Caliland, In Cornwall, and of ** a fair mansion," 
situate in the parish of St. Lawrence Poultry, in 
the city of London, forfeited by the attainder of 
Edward Staflbrd, Duke of Buckingham, on whose 
trial he was one of the twenty-six peers that sat in 
Judgment; and he was advanced, by letters patent, 
dated 18th June, 1685, to the dignity of Marouxbb 
or ExBTBR. In the year 1580, at the interview 
between King Henry VIII. and the King of France, 
in the vale of Arden, when the two monarchs chal- 
lenged all men at JusU, 4he Marquess of Exeter ran 



cou 



CKA 



« cimnewMh tht' FrMMh prince* whan both thilr 
wpma broken and th«y nudnUined their wats. 
His lordihip erhioed his skill and Takmr in many 
odwr tournaments* and in the year 15391* on Henry's 
going to Calais, he was nominated by the king, 
prior to his highneMs's departure, heir apparent 
to the thrasMu His lordship subscribed the articles 
against Cardinal Wolsey, and the letter sent to 
Pope Clement VII., entreating his holiness to ratiiy 
the divorce between the king and Queen Catherine. 
In ysas, he sate in Judgment upon Anne Boleyne* 
and in the same year* be suppressed* in conjunction 
with the Duke of Norfolk, and the Earls of Shrews- 
bury* Huntingdon* and. Rutland* a rebellion in 
Yorkshire; but that very year he was committed 
to the Tower, with Htfiuy Bp/e* Lord Monta- 
cirrn* and Sir Edward Nevill* brother of Lord 
AbergaTenny* accused by Sir Geoftey Pole, bro- 
ther of Lord Montacnte, of high treason, and in- 
dicted for derising to maintain* promote, and 
advance* one Reginald Polei late Dean of Exeter, 
enemy to the king, beyond sea* and to deprive the 
king* ate. The Marquess of Exeter and Lord Mon- 
taeute, were tried on the 1st and Snd of December, 
1530, at Westminster, and being found guilty, were 
beheaded* with Sir Edward Nevill, on the 9th of 
January ensuing, ob TOwer HilL Upon the attain- 
der of the marquen, all his honours of conRas 
xxpinxD, and King Hcnht annexed to the Duchy 
of Cornwall* ail his lands in that county, which 
came to the crown. The marquess had m. first, 
Elisabeth Orey, daughter and heiress of John, 
Viscount Lisle, by whom he had no iisue* and 
secondly* Gertrude, daughter of William Blount, 
Lord Moun^oy* by whom he left an only son* (the 
Mardiioness of Exeter was attainted with the 
Counteas of Salisbury* the year after her husband, 
but the latter only suffiered,) 

EDWARD COURTENAY, who, although but 
twelve years of age when his father was beheaded, 
was committed prisoner to the Tower, and detained 
there during the remainder of King Henry's reign, 
and that of King Edward VI., but upon the acces- 
sion of Queen Mary, he was released, and restored 
to his tethei's honours, as Mabquk88 or Exbtck* 
5cc.* and to the estates which remained in the pos- 
session of the crown* by a private bill, passed in 
the 1st year of her majesty's reign* while another 
private bill reversed the attainder of his mother. 
His lordship had sOme command in suppressing 
Wyattrs rebellion* and yet with the Princess Elisa- 
beth was afterwards accused of being accessory 
thereto, and sent with her highness to the Tower. 
He was subsequently confined in Fotheringhay 
Castle, but released through the interposition of 
Philip of Spain* upon his marriage with the queen, 
aa was also the Ladtf Elisabbth. His lordship 
after this, obtained the queen's permission to go 
lOyroad, and died at Padua, not without suspicion 
of poison, on the 4th October, 1566. This unfor- 
tunate nobleman seemed to be bom to be a prisoner* 
for, from twelve years of age to the time of his 
death, he had scarcely enjoyed two entire years 
liberty. He d. unmarried, snd was the last of the 
ISsmily who bore the titles of Mahqwbb or 
ExKTBB* Eabl ow Dxyon* and Barok or Oak- 



UAurtok, those dignities cxplilng with hie lord* 
ship, while his estates were divided amongst the 
four sisters of Eowaud, the first earl* his lord- 
ship's grand-aunts (refer to children of Sir Hugh 
Courtenay). The marqusM's remains were interred 
in St Anthony's church, in Padua* where a noble 
monument was erected to his memory. 

ARXB.-^Or. three Torteanxes, with a lahd of 
three pc^ts* as. in diiefL 

CRANFIELD-BARONS CRANFIBLDi 
EARLS OF MIDDLESEX. 

Barony, f by Letters 1 9th June, 16B1. 
Earldom* \ Patent* j 16th Sept., 16B& 

LIONEL CRANPIELD* a merchant of Londbo* 
and married to a kinswoman of Villlers, Duke of 
Buckingham, was introduced to the court of King 
James I.* by that cdebrated fkvourlte* when he 
received the honour of knighthood, and soon after 
attracting the attention of the king, by his habits 
of business, he was appointed master of the requests 
—-next, master of the king's great wardrobe, then 
master of the wards, after which he was sworn of 
the privy council, and devated to the peerage, ai 
Baron CRAxvriBi.D, 4^ CranJIeld, in the county of 
Bedford, on the 9th July, 16S1. In theOctobef 
fbUowiag, his lordship was constituted Loan Trba- 
SURXR or ENOL.AND, and created, 16th September^ 
1089, Earl of Miodlbsbx (the first person, says 
Dugdale, to whom that county gave the title of 
earl). But this tide of prosperity flowed too ra- 
pidly to be permanent* and a short time only elapsed* 
before its reflux became as remarkable. Within two 
short years, the lord treasurer found himsdf im- 
peached by parliament, through the influence of 
the very nobleman who was the foiHider of his 
fortune* the fkvourite Buckingham, for bribery* 
extortion* oppression, and other heinous misde- 
meanours, fbr which he received Judgment* vis.— 

«'That Lionel, Earl of Middlesex, now Lord 
Tressurer of England, shall lose all his oflioes 
which he holds in this kingdom, and sli&l be made 
for ever incapable of any ofllce, place, or taiploy^ 
ment* in the state and commonwealth. 

'* That he shall be imprisoned in the Tower of 
London, during the king's pleasure^ 

" That he shaD pay to our sovereign lord the 
king, the sum of £50*00(k 

'■ That he shall never more sit in parliament 

«' That he shall never come within the verge of 
the court" 

And a bill passed at the same time, to make his 
estate liable to the king's fine, and other accounts, 
and to make restitution to all whom he had wronged* 
as should be allowed by the discretion of the house; 
His lordship m.. first* EHxabeth* daughter of Richard 
Shepherd* a merdiant in London* by whom he had 
three daughters, vis.— 

Martha, m. to Henry Carey, Earl of Monmouth, 
Elisabeth, m. to Edmund, Lord Sheflleld, grand- 
son and hirir of Edmund, Earl of Mulgrave. 
The earl m. secondly* Anne, daughter of James 
Brett* Esq.* of Houby* in the county of Leicester* 

147 



CRA 



CRB 



(•bttf of Mary, CouaUn of BuddBglittn») and had 
jAMxa, IgucceiilveEarb. 

LlOMBL, / 

Edward, d. unmarried. 

WilUam, d. young. 

Fraoeei, m, fine, to Rlchaid« Earl of Donot, 
andtecbndly, to Hanry Poola, Eaq. 
HU lordahip d. in 1645, and notwittaatanding his 
diigrace, was buried in WeetminsCer Abbey, where 
a mooument was erected to his memory. He was 
s. by his eldest son, 

JAMES CRANFIELD, second Earl, who m. 
Anne, third daughter andco-helress, of Edward, Earl 
of Bath, by whom he had an only daughter, 

Elisabeth, m. to John, Lord firackley, eldest 
son of the Earl of Bridgewater. 
His lordship d. in 1651, whan his honours derolTed 
upon his brother, 

LIONEL CRANFIELD, third Earl, who m. Ra- 
chel, widow of Henry, Earl of Bath, and daughter of 
Frands, Earl of Weitmoreland, but dying without 
issue, in 1074, the Bahomy or Cbakfibld, and 
^ABiinox ov MiDDJLsaaz, became axTjircT, while 
his lordship's estates devoWed upon his sister, the 
Counteas of Donet, whose eldest son, Charles, was 
created Baroh CitairvisLD, and Eabi. ov Mi]>- 
DLxaax, in 1075, honours which have descended 
with the Duludom of Dorset 
. Abmb.— Or. on a pale, as. three Fleur de Us of the 

ant. 

CRAVEN — BARON CRAVEN, OF 
HAMPSTED- MARSHALL, 
IN THE COUNTY OF 
BERKS, EARL CRAVEN, 
&c, BARON CRAVEN. 



First B^ony, 
Earldom A Viscounty, 
Second Barony, 



} 



i^ r 19th Mar., 1696. 
M g «J ■{ 15th Mar., 1663. 
S j 1 15th Mar., 1663. 



.o 



. SIR WILLIAM CRAVEN, KnL, meichant-toy. 
lor, served the office of lord mayor of the dty of 
London in 1611. He m. Elisabeth, daughter of 
William Whltmore, and had inue, 

Wii<i.iAM, his heir. 

John, created Lord Craven, ot RyUm. 

Thomas, d. unmarried. 
The eldest son, 

WILLIAM CRAVEN, Esq., having distinguished 
hifluelf in arms under Gustavus AnoLPHua, of 
Sweden, and HaMnv, Prixcs or Oeanob, was 
elevated to the peerage by King Clwrles I. on the 
12th March, 1606, as Babon Cravbk, nfHamptted- 
JMorste//, with remainder, in default of male issue, 
to his brothen, John and Thomas; and having af- 
terwards, during the civil wan, aealously and aUy 
upheld the royal cause, his lordship was created, 
upon the restoration of the monarchy, I5th March, 
1663, Viacouirr Cbavbh, otUfi»tgt»n,inth0ointHtp 
^ Btrkt, and Earl Cba va w, <n M« comnly <^ York t 
and his brothen being both at this period defunct 
without issue, he was re-created Babon Cbavxiv, ^ 

148 



Hmmptitd'M^rwkaa, with lemaindar to hia biothan, 
Shr William Craven, of Lendwike^ and Sir Anthony 
Craven, his couaina I but theiald Sir William dying 
without male issue, the earl had a new patent, 
dated 11th December, 1666, renewing the origbial 
bainny, with an estended limitation to Sir Thomas 
Craven (a younger brother of the above-mentioned 
Sir WiUiam and Sir Anthony), and Ms male imua 
His lordship, who lived to the advanced age of 
ei^ty-eight, was particularly famous for awlsting 
in extinguishing fires in the city of London, of 
which he had such early intimation, and was so 
prompt to mount his hone upon such calamitous 
occasions, that it was commonly said, '* Lord Cra^ 
van's hone smelt a fire losoon as it happened." He 
d. a bachelor, 9th April, 1697« when the barony of 
16ad, and that of 1663, with the viacouxTv and 
BABLDOM OP Cbavbk, becamo bztinct } while 
the babowy of 1686 devolved upon William Cba- 
TBN, Esq., of Combe Abbey, grandson of the Sir 
Thomas Craven limited in the patent,* from whom 
the preient Earl or Cbavbr descends, and derives 
the mid dignity. 

Anaia.— Ar. a feise between six crowletB fitchte 
or. 

CRAVEN - BARON CRAVEN, OF 
RYTON, IN THE COUN- 
TY OF SALOP. 

By Letten Patent, dated 21st March, 1648. 

lCilUB0f. 

JOHN CRAVEN, Esq., second ion of Sir WU- 
11am Craven, Knt., merchant-taylor, and lord 
mayor of the dty of London, anno 1611, was ele- 
vated to the peerage on the 21st March, 1642, u Ba- 
BOH Cravbn, t^fR^toH, His lordship m. Elisabeth, 
daughter of WiUiam, Lord Spencer; but dying issue- 
leu in 1690, the barony became bztinct. 

ABaia.-— Ar. a fesse between six crosslets fltch6e 
gules. 

CRETING— BARON CRETINO. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 27th January, 1332, 
6 Edward IIL 

Xincagt. 

SIR ADAM DE CRETINO, Knt, having sum- 
mons to attend King Edward I. at Portsmouth, and 
passing with the monarch into Gasoony, was there 
slain by the treachery of one Walter Oiflbrd. He 
was succeeded in his manor of Grbat Stocktom, In 
the county of Huntingdon, and other lands, by his 
son and companion in arms, 

JOHN DE CRETINO, who, in the 4th of Ed- 
ward III., obtained a charter for flr e e-w an e u in all 
his demesne lands at Qremi MsArftm, and, being a 
military man of reputation, was summoned to par> 
liament, aa a baroh, on the 27th January, 133B, but 
never afterwards ; and nothing further Is known of 
the fiunily. 

Armb.— Ar. a chevron betw. three mullets gutoi, 
pierced of the field. 



CBJB 

CREW'-BARONS CREW» OF 8TENE, 
IN THE COUNTY OF 
NORTHAMPTON. 

By L«ttfln PatflDt, dated 80th April* im. 

Xiiusgc. 

JOHN CREW» Eiq., of Stene, ia theooonty of 
Nortbampton, too of Sir Thomas Crew, Knt, ler- 
JeanUat-law to Khig Charles L» (of the aodcnt Che- 
shire family, of Crew Hall, repreMnted by the pre- 
sent Lord Crewe, of Crewe,) by hb wife Tempe* 
ranee, daughter and heiren of Reginald Bray, Esq., 
of Stcne, was elevated to the Peerage on the 90th 
April, 1661, aa Babon Caav, of Stene, in considera- 
tion for his serious services in the restoration of the 
monarchy. His lordship m. Jemima, daughter and 
co-heiress of Edward Walgrave* Esq., of Lawford, In 
the county of Essex, by whom he had Issue, 
Thomas (Sir), his successor. 
John. 

Nathaniel, Bishop of Durham. 
Walgrave. 

Jemima, m. to Edward, first Earl of Sand- 
wich. 
Anne, m. to Sir Henry Wright, BarL, of Da- 
gciriiam, in the county of Essex. 
Lord Crew d, in 1G79, and was «. by his ddest son, 

THOMAS CREW, second baron, who m. first, 
Mary, daughter of Sir George Townshend, Bart., of 
Bamham, in the county of Norfolk, by whom he 
had surviving issue* 

Anne, m. to JollifT, Esq., of London. 

Temperance, m. first, to Rowland, son and heir 
of Sir Thcmias Alston, Bart., of Odell, in the 
county of Bedford, and secondly, to Sir John 
Wolstenholme, Knt. 
His lordship m. secondly, Anne, daughter and co- 
heiress of Sir William Airmine, Bart, of O^^odly, 
in the county of Lincoln, and had four daughters, 

Jenahna* m. to Henry de Grey, Duke of Kent. 
Airmine, m, to Thomas Cartwright, Esq.* of. 

Aynho, in the county of Northampton. 
Catherine, m. to Sir John Harper, fourth ba- 
ronet of Caulk, in the county of Derby, the 
great-grandson of which marriage. Sir Henry 
Harper, seventh baroo^ assumed, by royal 
permisdon, the surname of Caawi only, and 
was succeeded, at his decease, by his son, the 
present Sib Gkoros Caawa, eighth Ba- 
ronet of Caulk Abbey. 
Elisabeth, in. Charles Butler, Earl of Arran, 
and Lord Butler, of Weston. 
His lordship d. , and thus leaving no 

male Issue, his fortune devolved upon his daugh- 
ten, as co-heiresses, while the title passed to his 
brother. 
The Right Reverend 

NATHANIEL CREW, Lord Bishop of Dur- 
ham, aa third Baron Crew, of Stene: His lordship 
m, first, Penelope, daughter of Sir Philip Frowde, 
Knt., and secondly, Dorothy, daughter of Sir Wil- 
iiua Forster, of Balmborough Castle, in the county 
of Northumberland ; but not having had any Issue, 



CRO 

the Babont ov Cbbw. of Stmte, 
lordship's rtfreaaa in ITSl, bxtimct. 
Anaia.— Aa. a lion rampant ar.* a 
faiences 



at his 
fordlf. 



CROFTS—BARON CROFTS, OF SAX- 
HAM, IN THE COUNTY 
OF SUFFOLK. 

By Letten Patent, dated 18th May, lfi68L 

XintaQc. 

WILLIAM CROFTS, Esq., Uneal male heir of 
the family of Crofts, which had flourished for seve- 
ral ages at Saxham, in the county of Suflblk, and 
desrended by females from the first Lord Went- 
worth, of Nettksted, as also fhm the Montacutes, 
earls of Salisbury, and NeviUs, earls of Westmor- 
land, was elevated to the peerage on the 18th May, 
1658, as Baboh Caorra, ^f SoMhmm, in th9 mufi^ 
nf SMt^tOc* His lordship having been brought up at 
court from his youth^ became, first, master of the 
horse to James Duke of York; next, captain of the 
guards to the queen-mother, and afterwards one of 
the gentlemen of the bed-chamber to King CharlcsII. 
He was subse q u ent ly employed as ambassador to 
Poland, and for his services on that occasion ob> 
tained the peerage. His lordship m. first, Dorothy, 
widow of Sir John Hale, Knt., daughter of Sir 
John Hobart, of Intwood, in the county of Norfolk, 
Bart., (son and heir of Lord Chief Justice Hobart, 
of the Common Pleas,) and secondly Ellaabeih, 
daughter of William Lord Spencer, of Wormlelgh- 
ton t but having no issue, the barony qf Caorra 
became, at his lordship's decease in 1877» bxtuict. 

ABMa.— Or. three bulls' heads oouped sa. 

CROMWELL — BARONS CROM. 
WELL, OF TAT8HALL, 
IN THE COUNTY OF 
LINCOLN. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 10th March, 1308. 
1 Edward II. 

ICincagc. 

The fiunily at Cromwell was of importance so flur 
back as the time of King John, for we find in the 
17th of that reign, 

RALPH DE CROMWELL, paying a fine of 
sixty marks and a palArey to m^e his peace for 
participating In the rdMllion of the barons; and 
upon delivering up his eldest daughter in hostage, 
obtaining restitution ot his lands. After which, in 
the 3rd Henry III., he was constituted Justice itine- 
rant in the counties of Lincoln, Nottingham, and 
Derby. To this Ralph «. another 

RALPH DE CROMWELL, who m. Maigaret, 
one of the sisters and co-heirs of Roger de Someri, 
Baron of Dudley, and was afterwards engaged in the 
French, Welch, and Scottish wars of Kiqg Edward 
L lie was s. by 

SIR JOHN DE CROMWELL, who m. Idonea 
de Leybume, younger daughter and co-heir of Ro- 
bert de Vipount, hereditary sheriir of Westmore- 
land, and widow of Sir Roger de Leybume. In the 

140 



CRO 



CAO 



33rd Edward I. Sir John Cromwdl aocuied Sir 
Nicholas de Scsrave of treaKm, and waa answered 
by a deflanc* to battle, but the combat was not 
permitted. In the 1st Edward II. he had a grant 
for life tnm the crown of the Castle of Hope, in 
Flintshire, and the same year was made governor of 
Strltgull Castle, and constable of the Tower of 
London. He was likewise summoned to parliament 
as a BARON. His lordship was subsequently engaged 
in the French and Scotch wars of King Edwvd II., 
and having had summons to parliament until the 
9th Edward lit., d. tn the latter year, (anno 1335,) 
and was «. by his son, 

SIR RALPH DE CROMWELL, second baron, 
summoned to parliament firom S8th December, 1375, 
to 10th August, 1309 inclusive. This nobleman m. 
Maud, daughter of John Bamack, and heiress of 
her brother William, in whose right he became lord 
of the manor of Tatshall, in the county of Lincoln, 
by lineal succession from the hrirs female of Robert 
de Tatshall, sometime owner thereof, whereupon he 
fixed his diief residence there. In the 10th Richard 
II. Lord Cromwell being then a banneret, was re* 
tained to serve the king in defence of the realm 
against an invasion apprehended at that period. 
His lordship if. in 1300, and was «. by his son, 

RALPH DE CROMWELL, third baron, sum< 
moned to parliament ftrom 9th September, 1400, to 
3rd September, 1417. His loxdship d. in 1419, and 
was «. by his son, 

SIR RALPH DE CROMWELL, fourth baron, 
who m. Margaret, daughter of John, Lord Dein- 
court, and Joane, his wife, daughter and heiress of 
Robert, Lord Grey, of Rotherfleld, and co-hdress 
of her brother, William, Lord Ddncourt. In the 
11th Henry VL this nobleman was constituted tresr 
surer of the king's exchequer, and in three years 
afterwards had a grant of the office of master of the 
king's mues and fislcons. In the 8Srd of the same 
reign his lordship was appointed hereditary consta- 
ble of Nottingham Castle, and warden of the forest 
of Sherwood. He d. in 1455, and leaving no issue, 
his sister became his heir, namdy, 

Maud Cromwell, who m. Sir Richard Stanhope, 
(ancestor of the existing noble houaes of 
Chesterfield, Harrington, and Stanhope,) and 
had issue, two daughters, co-heix«ases, via. 
Maud Stanhope, m. first, Robert, Lord 
Willoughby de Eresby, and had a daugh« 
ter. 
Joane, wife of Sir Robert WeUs, Knt, 
afterwards Lord Wdls, by whom the 
said Joane had issue, 
Robert, Lord Willoughby and 

WeUs, who died «.^ 
Jane, heir to her brother, m. Sir 
Richard Hastings, Lord WeUs and 
Willoughby. (in right of his 
wife,) and had issue, 
Anthony Hastings, who died«. jn., 
thus terminating the line 
Maude, Lady Willoughby, m. secondly. 
Sir Thomas Nevil, Knt, a younger son of 
Richard, Earl of Salisbury, and thirdly. 
Sir Gervase Clifton, Knt, but had issue 
by neither. 
150 



JAifs Stakbops, m. Sir Huhpbrry 
BouRcaisR, third son of Henry, Earl 
of EsAx, which 
SIR HUMPHREY BOURCHIER was sum- 
moned to parliament in ri|^t of his said w|fe, as 
Barok CROMWBX.L, from SSth July, 1461, to 15th 
October, 147a This nobleman fell, gallantly fight- 
ing at the battle of Bamet-fidd, on the part of Ed- 
ward IV. in 1471, and d. without issue. The Bat 
RONT OP CROMnrBLJL, upon the decease of his lord- 
ship's widow, fell into abbyancb, amongst the 
descendants of Ralph, the fourth baron's three 
aunts, , 

Hawise, wife of Thomas, Lord Bardolph. 
Maud, wife of Sir William Fita-WiUiams, Knt. 
Elisabeth, wife first of Sir John Clifton, Knt., 
and afterwards of Sir Edward Bensted, Knt. 
and it still so continues, save as to the line of Bar- 
dolph, which was attainted. 
ARM8.— Or. a chief gu. over all a bend, ax. 

CROMWELL— BARON CROMWELL, 
OF OKEHAM, IN THE 
COUNTY OF RUTLAND, 
EARL OF ESSEX. 

Bnoaj, \ by Letters Patent, f 9th July, 1538. 
Earldom, J dated \ 10th April, 1530. 

Xiiuage. 

THOMAS CROMWELL, son of Walter Crom- 
wdl, a blacksmith at Putney, upon hb return from 
foreign service under the Duke of Bourbon, ob- 
tained a situation in the suite of Cardinal Wolfey* 
and, after the fall of that celebrated prelate, was 
taken into the service of the king, (at Henry's spe- 
cial command, flrom his flddity to his old master,) 
in which he evinced so much seal and ability, that 
the road to the highest honours of the state presented 
very soon an unimpeded course for his ambition. In 
a short time he filled suocessi vdy the important situa- 
tions of master of the Jewel-office, derk of the Hana- 
per, prindfwl secretary. Justice (rf the forests, master 
(tf the rolls, and lord privy-aeal, and was elevated to 
the peerage, in the dignity oi Barom Croitw-sll, 
of OArelkam, on the 9th July, 153S. He was after- 
wards constituted the king's vice-regent in spiri- 
tuals, honoured with the oartbr, and finally (17th 
April 1539) created Earjl op Eaaaz, when he was in 
vested with the lord bioh CHAMBBRLAiManip op 
Emolaitd. In the dissolution of the monaatic in- 
stitutions, and the establishmeut of the spiritual 
supremacy of his royal master, Cromwdl, consider- 
ing the powerful interests with which he had to 
contend, exhibited a boldness of character paralMwl 
only by the profound political dexterity that ac- 
complished those great and daring innovations. As 
a recompense, he shared largely in thespoil of the 
felkn church, and, amongst other grants, the sacer- 
dotal revenues of SL Osythus, in Essex, and ci the 
Gray Friars, at Yarmouth, flowed into his ooflbrti 
But his devation was not more rapid than his d»* 
dine, and his fall was hailed by all parties with sa- 
tisfaction. So long as Essex nkinistcred to the 
plea^iires of Henry, the royal shidd protected him 
from the indignation of the people i but the mo- 
ment that was removed, hia fate waa eealed. His 



GRO 



GRO 



tartminrmiiHty In tflyfng tfie king wHh Anne of 
Clercs* WM the rock upon wldeh hii ftwtinM* fottn> 
Acted, not very. dlwim^Uir to that upon whidi the 
popal powor had prerioualy pariibod. Unprepared 
for such a proceeding, the earl was anasfced, under 
the king's especial order, by the Duke of Norfolk, 
at the oontroal-board, 10th June, IMO, hurried off 
to the Tower, attahited unheard, and beheaded on 
the 94th of the ensuing mondi, notwithstanding 
Ardifaisliop Cranmeifs powerful ei^ertions in his be- 
half ; and aU the honours of the ex-minister were 
of douiae FonFBinn under the attainder ; but his 
son, Gregory, who, in his Uf»-time, had been sum- 
mooed to parliament as Lord Cromwell, had that 
dignity cooftrmed to him, by letters patent, in the 
December following the earl's execution. (See Ba- 
>onCromweU.) 

The annexed Letter was written, it appears, at the 
king's deslrft, by Cromwdl hims^. 

** Most Oradous Kinge, and moat merciAill So- 
Tcveying: 

'* Your most humble, most obeysant, and most 
bounden subject, and most lamentable lervant and 
prisoner, prostrate at the feete of your most excel- 
lent M^)esty, have herd your pleasure, by the 
mouth of 3rour comptroller; which was, that I 
should wrjftte to your most excellent Highness, 
such thynges as I thought mete to be wryttyn con- 
semyng my most miserable state, and condition ; 
for the which your most habundant goodness, be- 
nignyte and lioens, the immortalle God, three and 
one, reward your magestye. And now most gracious 
Prince io the matyer, 

** FTxar. Wher I haTe bene accusyd to your Ma- 
gestye of Treason. To that I say, I never in alie 
mf lyfe thought wyllingly to do that thyng that 
myght or sholde displease your Mi^esty i and much 
less' to do or say that thyng, which of itself is so 
high and abbominable oUtace; as God knowyth, 
who I doubt not shall reveale the trewth to your 
Highness. Myne accusers your Grace knowyth, 
God forgive them : For as I ever have had love to 
your honor, . person, lyfe, prospeiitye, helthe, 
wdthe, Joy and comfort ; and also your most dere 
and most entyerly bdovyd sone, the Prynce, his 
Once, and your prooeedyngs, God so helpe me In 
this myne advenltie and conflbund me yf ever I 
thought the con t r ary. What labours, payns and 
tnvailes I have taken, according to my most boun- 
den deutye, God also knowyth. For, yf it were in 
my power (as it is Godds) to make your Mi^estye to 
lyre ever young and prosperous," God knowyth I 
wooMe; If it hadde bene, or were in my power to 
mafeeyowsorydie, as ye myght enrych aUemen, 
God helpe me as woolde do hit If it had bene or 
! in my power to make your m^esty so puys- 

it, as alia the worlde sholde be oompellyd to obey 
jow, Christ he knowyth I woldet for so am I of alle 
othyr most bounde: for your Magestye hath bene 
the most bountiAil Prynce to me, that ever was a 
Kyng to his subiect : ye, and more like a dere father 
(your Magestye not oflhndyd) than a master. Such 
Ittth bene your most grave and Godly oounsayle 
towards me, at sundry tymes. In that I have of- 
fendid I ax your mercy. Should I now, for such 
exoaeding goodness, .benyngnyte* liberalitie and 



bounty be your ttmytor, nay th^ the greatest payaas 
were too little for me. Should any faccyon, or any 
aflbccyon to any point make me a traytor to your 
magestie, then alle the Devylls in Hell confound 
me, and the vengeance of God light upon me, yf I 
sholde once have thought yt, most gracious Sova- 
rayn Loid. To my remembrance I never ^wke 
with the Chavcblour or ths AuoMSHTACYoiva 
and TRaooMORTON togethyr at one tyme ; but yf I 
dyde, I am sure, I sake never of any such matyer t 
and your Grace knowyth, w}kat manner of man 
Throgmortan hath evyr bene towards your Grace 
and your procedyngs, and what Mr. Chancelour 
hath bene towards me, God and he best knowyth, I 
will ne can accuse hym. What I have bene towards 
hym, your magestye right welle knowyth. I wolde 
in Christ I had obeyed your often most gradous, 
grave counsayles, and advertysements, that it had 
not bene with me as now hit is. Yet our Lord, yf 
hit be his wylle, can do with me as he dyd with Su- 
san who was falsely accused : unto the whyche God 
I have only oommytted my sowle; my body, and 
goods at your Mgestyes pleasure, in whose mercye 
and pyetie I do hoUy repose me : for othyr hope 
then in God and your Magestye I have not. 

'* Sir, as to your Common Welthe, I have aftyr 
my wytte, power, and knowledge, travayled therein ; 
havyng had no respect to persons (your Magestie 
only except) and my dewtye tu the same : but, that 
I have done any injustice, or wrong, wyllfuUy, I 
trust God shall here my wytaa, and the world not 
able Justly to accuse me. And yet I have not done 
my dewtye in alle thynges, as I was bounden, whve- 
fore I ai^ mercy. If I have herde of any oombyna- 
cyons, convencyons, or such as were oflbnders of 
your laws; 1 have, though not as I sholde have 
done, for the most part revealed them, and also 
causyd them to be punyshed ; not of males, as God 
shall Judge mOi Nevertheless, Sir, I have medelyd 
in so many matyen, under your Highnes, that I am 
not able to answer them aU. But one thyng I am 
well assured cfi that willingly and wyttyngly I have 
not had wlUa to oflhnd your Hyghness : but hard it 
is for me, or any other, medelyng, as I have done, 
to live under your Grace and your laws, but we 
must daylle offmd ; and where I have okbndyd 
I most humbly aske mercy and pardon at your 
Grace^s wyll and pleasure. 

« Amongst othyr thynges, mo«t Gracyous Soverayn, 
Mr. Comptroller shewed me, that your Grace shewed 
hym, that within this fourteen dayes, ye oommytted 
a matyer of grete secresye, which I did revele, con- 
trary to your expectation. Sir ! I do remember 
well the matyer, which I nevyr revelyd to any 
creture: but this I dyd. Sir; after your Grace had 
openyd the matyer ; flyrst to me in your chamber, 
and declared your lamentable fate; dedarying the 
thynges, which your Highnes mysliked in the Queue ; 
at whych time I shewyd your Grace, that she often 
desyred to speke wyth me, but I durst not: and ye 
sayd, why sholde I not 7 AUegyng, that I might do 
much good in goying to her; and to be playn wyth 
her, in dedaring my mynde : I thereupon, takyng 
oportunitye, not bdng a lyttil grievyd, spake prl- 
vylie with her Lord Chamberlayn, for the whych I 
aske your Grace mercy ; desyring him, (not naming 

141 



CRO 



CRO 



yourGnoe to hym*) to tynd tome meant that Che 
Queue might be induced to ofder your Oraoe pie- 
untly, in her bduivyour towardi yout thinking 
therrtiy* finr to have had tome Ikultcs amendyd, 
to your Mageitiet eontant. And after that, by gene- 
ralle wordes. the layd Lord Chambetlane, and 
other of the Quecne't ooumayle, being with me, in 
my chamber at Wevtmlnster. for' Lyoenc for the 
departure of the itzange Maydens i I then required 
them to coan«ayl their Mayetret, to me aU plea- 
■antnem Co your Higfanei^ the whydi things un- 
doubtedly weren both fpoken before your Magertye 
told the secrete matyer unto me* only of purpose, 
that she might hare by tove inducyd to sudi plo- 
sant and hoDorri>Ie fiicyons, as myght have bene 
to your Grao^ oomforte ; whydi, above all things, 
as God knoweth, I dyd most oovyt and desire. 
But that I openyd my mouth to any creature, aftyr 
3rour Magestye oommlttyd the secresye thereof to 
me, othyr than only to my Lord Admyralt which I 
dyde by your Gracc^s commandemcnt, whidi was 
upon Sunday last in die naorayng, whom I then 
fownd as wylHng, and ^ad to sake remedye, for 
your com fo rt and oons(4acyon i and saw by hym 
that he did as much lament Your Hl^hnes fkte, as 
ever dyd man; and was wondeifiilly grevyed to see 
Your HIghnes so troubdyd, wyshtaig gretdy your 
comfort : for the attayning whereof He sayd, (your 
Honour salvyd) he would spend the best Moud in 
hys bdye : and yf I wolde not do the lyke, ye and 
wyUlngly dye for ^pur oomfort, I wolde I were In 
Hdi\ and I woolde lAoMe recdve a Thousand 
DetMs. 

•• Sir, This is an that I have done in that matyer ; 
and yf I have oflbndyd yoar Magestle therein, pros- 
trate at your Highnes fete, I meet lowly aske mercy 
and pardon of your Highnes. Sir, this was also 
layd unto my chardge, at myne examination, that 
I had retayned contrary to your Laws. Sir, what 
exposydoun may be made upon retaynors, I know 
not : but thys wyH I say ; that yf ever I retayned 
any man, but sudi only as were my household ser- 
vants, but ageynat my wiD God confound me. But 
most Gracyons Soverayn, I have been so called on, 
and sewyd to by them, that sayd they were my 
Prendes { that constrayned thereto, I retained their 
children and ftcndys, not as Retayners : for their 
fathers and parents did promyse me to fynde them, 
and so I took them, not as Ratayners, to my grete 
chardge, and for none evyll, as God best knowyth, 
interpret to the contrary who wylle; most humbly 
b e s eech yng your Magestye off pardon, yf I have 
oimndyd therein. 

•« Sir, I acknowledge mysdf to hare been a most 
miserable and wrechyd sinner ; and that I have not 
towards God and your Hif^es, behavyd myaelf as 
I ought and shOlde have done: for the whych mjme 
oflbnce to God, whyle I live, I shall continually kail 
for his mercy. And for myne oflbncys to your 
Grace which God knowyth wen never malydous 
and wylftill and that I never thought treason to 
Your Highnes, your realme, or Posteritle, so God 
hdpe me, either in word or dede^ nevertiieles, 
prostrate at your Magcstles feet. In what thyng 
soever I have ofltedyd, I appel to your Highnes for 
mercy, grace, and paffdon. In eudi wyae aailiBll be 
litt 



your pleasure I besediyng the Ahniglhty MAer 
and redeemer o€ the World to send your Magestle 
continual and long hrtthe, walthe and praaperltia 
with Nestor's Yeares to rdgaat and yoor dere son 
the Princess Grace to prober, relgne and continue 
long after you. And tiiey that wolde contrary, 
short liflb, shame, and oonfiision. Wryttan with 
the quaUng hand and most sorrowftil heart of your 
most soir u w ftd l sut^oct and moat homUe servant 
and pryioner, this Satnrday at your Tower of 
London. 

«« TnoMAt Cmoinr«j«" 

w 

Aniia.— ^il^on a feaie bet wean three lions ram* 
pant or., a rose gules ba tw ees i two Cornish ciioughs 

proper. v.Ck^ci 

NOTB.--SlR ROBBRT WILI.IAJC8, U&fhtBW Oi 

Thomas Cromwdl, Karl of Bssex, aasiimed the 
sunume of Cromwdl, and being in fkvour with 
King Henry VIIL, was appointed a gentloiMm of 
the privy-chamber to that monarch, and c o natri ila 
of Berkeley Castle. Upon the dissohition of the 
monaatarles, he obtained ail the lands. In Hunting- 
donshire, brionging to any religious house In that 
county, and was «. by Us son, 

SIR HENRY CROMWELL, Knt, of HtaNhin* 
broke, who left issue. 

Sir Oliver Cromwell, K.B., and 
Ronnnr Cromwbll, who waa flUhar of 
OitiTSB CnoMwni.i<, the Protector. 

CROMWELL — BARONS CROH* 

WELL- 

By Writ of Summons, dated S8th April* 1530. 
By Letters Patent, dated 18th December, IMOl 

ICincsgt. 

The Hon. 

GREGORY CROMWELL, aomBMued to par- 
liament flBth April, 1539, as LoBD CnoMWSLi*, ^son 
of Thomas Cromwell, Karl of Essex, attainted and 
beheaded in July, 1540,) a servant of King Hanry 
VIIL, was created Babon Cbomwbxx, by lettars 
patent, dated 18th December, 154a His lordship 
m. Eliiabeth, daughter of Sir John Seymour, sister 
of Edward, Duke of Somerset, and widow of Sir 
Anthony Oughtrad, by whom he had tlirae sons, 
Hbnby, Edward, and Thomas, and two danghftars, 
Frances, m. to Edward Stnmde, Esq., of Doveu- 
shire I Catherine, m. to JOhn Stroude, Esq., of the 
county of Dorset Lord Cromwell, who had auas- 
mons to parliament to the year IMS, A in UN, and 
was *. by his eldaat son, 

HENRY CROMWELL, second banm, ram* 
moned to parliament from the Mh to the Slat Eliaa- 
beth. His lordship m. Mary, daoghtar of John, Mar- 
quess of Winchester, and had Issne, EvwAnn, hla 
BuooesMr, Sir Gregory Cromwell, Knt., and Cathertna 
m. to Sir Lionel Talmache,KnL HeAIn iaBt,and 
was «. by his elder son, 

EDWARD CROMWELL, ttairi baron, anm- 
moned to parliament in the98th Elisabeth. Thisne- 
Meman was with the Earl of Easaa in Ms eKpedMon 
at sea against the Spaniards In the40th Eliaabeth, and 
Joined In the ins ui iec ti on three yaars 
whkh oaat tiie earlhla 



CRO 

csdved. bowmrflr* en eqiecial paidan <m tlMrMh July, 
IBM. Hift lordthip m. lint, — -» daughter of — — 
Umptoo, Etq.taad had an only daughter, Eliabeth, 
m. flnt, to Sir John ShelUm, of Shelton, in Norfolk, 
«m1 aitorwsnb io Thomaa Fitxhnghea, Esq., of Ox- 
ibrdshiie. The baron m.MOOndiy,Franoa>, daughter 
of William* Rugge, Esq., of NorfoUc, by whom ho 
had TaoKAB, Ma w iccdmo t, with two daughters, 
▼iau, Francei, m. to Sir John Wiaglleld, of Ticken- 
oote, in the county of Rutland, and Anne^ m. to Sir 
William Wingfleld, of Poorea Court, in Ireland. 
Lord Cromw e U haTing alienated his estates in Eng- 
land by sale, purchased the barony of Lecale, in 
Ireland, traan Mmmtioj Blount, Earl of Devon, or, 
according to Noble, in his History of Cornwall, made 
an exchange thercofl His lordship d. in Ireland in 
1907, snd was «. by his son, 

THOMAS CROMWELL, fourth baron, who was 
created by King Charles I. in 1685, VUeoutH Lteale, 
and Eaui. or AnnoLAas, in the peerage of Ireland. 
Hia lordship remained firmly attached to the interests 
of the king during thedTll wars, notwithstanding his 
friendship with the Earlof Essex. He m. Elisabeth, 
daughter and heiress of Robert Meverdl, Esq., of 
ThrowMgh, in the county of Stallbrd, by whom he 
had surviving issue, Wivofisld, his successor, 
VKas-Esexx, who inherited after his nephew, and 
Oliver, with a daughter Mary, who m. William Fits- 
Herbert, Esq., of Tissington, in the county of 
Derby. He' d. in 16S3, and was «. by his ddest son, 

WINGFIBLD CROMWELL, pifth Babon 
CnoMwau., and bboomd Eau. op ARDOi^aa. 
This nobleman m. Mary, daughter of Sir William 
Russell, of Strentham, in the county of Worces- 
ter, and was «. in 1668, by his only son, 

THOMAS CROMWELL, sixth barow and 
TBiRD SARI., who m. , daughter of His Grace 

Michael Boyle, Archbishop of Dublin, and lord 
dianodlor of Ireland, but dying issudcas 11th April, 
MBB, hia honours reverted to his unde, 

VERE-ESSEX CROMWELL, seventh baion and 
ioorth earL This nobleman m. Miss Hamilton, by 
whom (who subsequently espoused Ridiard Price, 
Esq.), he had an only daughter, Elicabxtb. His 
lordship d. in 1687, when the Irish ViacouNTT op Lb- 
CAZ.B and Earldom op Ari>oi.a88, and the English 
Barony of Cromwell, created by patent, bxpibbo; 
but theBABOMY op Cbomwbi.i., originating in the 
writ of S8th April, 1538, devolved upon his daughter, 

ELIZABETH CROMWELL, as Baroness Crom- 
well, in which rank her ladyship assisted at the fune- 
ral of Queen Mary II., and coronation of Queen Anne. 
Sh% nil. Edward Southwdl, Esq., principal secre- 
tary of state for Ireland, and had issue, two sons 
andadangl^ter, who d. all H9te prole,' and another, a 
son, Edward Southwell, who marrying Catherine, 
daughter of Edward Watson, Viscount Sondes, and 
sole heiroM of her brothers, Lewis and Thcnnas, 
Earls of Roddngham, left a son, 

Edward Soutbwbli., who, in right of his 
mother, succeeded to the Barony of db Clip- 

POBD. 

Her ladyBhip d, in 1700, and the Babony op Crom- 
virxi.1. is now supposed to be vested in Lord db 
Clippord, son and successor of Edward, Lord de 
Clillbrd, mentioned above. . 



DAC 

DACRE— BARONS DACRE, OF GIL- 
LE8LAND OR THE NORTH. 

By Writ ot Summons, dated I5th November, 1489, 
asnd Edward IV. 

In the 20th year of King Henry lU. 

WILLIAM DACRE, qf Doer*, in the county of 
Cumberland, served the ofllce of sheriff for that 
shire, with John de Moore, and in the thirty-second 
of the same reign, he was constituted sheriff of 
Yorkshire, and governor of the castles of Scar- 
borough and Pickering. He died in ten years after- 
wards, when again sheriff of Cumberland, and 
governor of the castle of Carlisle, and was «. by hia 



RANULPH DE DACRE, who had been in the 
life-time of his father a sUunch adherent of King 
Henry III., In the conflicts between that monarch 
and the barons, and upon succeeding to his inherit- 
ance, was ^ipointed sheriff of Cumberland. In the 
7th Edward I., he was constituted sheriff of Vork- 
shire^ and continued in that trust, until the end of 
the third quarter of the eighth succeeding year. 
This Ranulph, m. Jdane de Luci, and dying in the 
14th Edward I., was «. by his son, 

WILLIAM DE DACRE, who, in theaSndEd- 
ward I., was in the expedition made that year into 
Scotland, and about the same period obtained a 
charter for firee Warren in all his demesne lands at 
Daore, in the county of Cumberhmd, and at Halton, 
in Lancashire In the first year of the next reign 
he had licence to encssteUate his mansion at Dun- 
walloght, in Cumberland, on the marches of Soot- 
land, and in three years afterwards was again en- 
gaged in the Scottish wars. His lordship m. Joane, 
daughter and heiress of Benedict Gemet, of Bluet, 
and having been summoned to parliament as' a 
Baroh, fh>m the asth Edward I., to the lifth Ed- 
ward IL, departed this Ufb in the latter year, and 
was «. by his son, 

RANULPH PE DACRE, who had summons to 
parliament as Barom Dacrx, ftom 15th May, 1381, 
to 15th November, 1338. His lordship was made 
sheriff of Cumberland, and governor of Carlisle, in 
the 4th Edward III., and in the dghth of the same 
monarch, he obtained livery of all those castles and 
manors in Anandale, within the realm of Scotland, 
part of the possessions of Roger de Kirkpatric, and 
Humphrey de Bois, which had been given to him 
by Edward King of Scotland. He was also, in the 
same year, joined in commission with Robert de 
Cliflbrd, fbr the defence of the town and marchA 
of Carlisle, and for arraying so many '* men at 
arms, hoUers, and foot soldiers,** as should be need- 
ftil ftnr theservice. In the n«xt year he had license 
to make a castle of his house at Naworth, in the 
county of Cumberland. His lordship m. Margaret, 
only daughter and heiress of Thomas de Multon, 
Baron Multon, <^ GiUe§land, (by writ of Edward 
II., dated fl6th August, 1807*) by whom he acquired 
considerable estates, and left at his decease, in 18a9| 
three sons, via. 

William, who succeeded to the Baron v of 
X 159 



DAC 



DAC 



Dacr* throufli his ftUier» «Dd to Che Banmy 
of MvLTOs, through hU mother* but died 
«. p, in 1361. 
Ralph, suoceMor to hit brother in the b«roiiiei« 
died also *.p,in 137& 
And 

HUGH DE DACRB, who «. hi* brother Ralph 
u Lord Dacre and Lord Multon, and had summons 
to parliament ftom 1st December, 1376, to 90th 
August, 19B3. His lordship m. Ela, daughter of 
Alexander, Lord Manrell» and dying in 1389, waa 
«. bf his son, 

WILLIAM DE DACRE, summoned to parlia- 
ment from 3rd Mardi, 1304, toSSrd November, 1403. 
His lordship m. Joane, daughter of James, Earl ot 
Douglas, and dying about the year 1408, was s. by 
his son, 

THOMAS DE DACRE, summoned to parli*- 
ment ftom 1st December, 141S, to 90th May, 14fi& 
This nobleman was eonstitnted chief forester of 
Inglewood Forest, in the county of Cumberland, in 
the 8th Henry V., and was appointed in the 2nd 
Henry VL one of the commissioners to treat for 
peace with James I. of Scotland. His lordship m. 
PhiUppa, daughter of Ralph NerlL Earl of West- 
morland, and had issue, 

Thomas, who m. EUiabeth,.danghter of Richard 
Bowes, Esq., and dying in the life-time of his 
father, left an only daughter and heireis, 
Joane, m. Sir Richard Fienas, Knt, who 
was declared Bonn Dacbs by King Ed- 
ward IV., and ftom whom the babowy 
has descended in regular suooeBion io the 
present Loan Dackb. 
Ranulph, a stout adherent of the house of Lan- 
caster, had summons to parliament as a babon 
in the 3Bth Henry YL. but feU at Towton- 
fldd, and was subsequently attainted, when 
his title and estates became forfeited. 
HuMPHBBY, of whom presently. 
Joan, m. to Thonuw, eighth Lewd de CUflRnd. 
SIR HUMPHREY DACRE, (the third son,) 
having deported himself obsequiously to the then 
triumphant bouse of York, attended King Edward 
IV. at the sieges and surrender (rf the dlflferent Lan- 
castrian Castles in the north : for which good ser- 
vices, as writ as his fidelity to the king's sister, Blar- 
garet, whom he escorted as chamberlain upon her 
Journey into Flanders, on the occasion of her mar- 
riage with Charles, Duke of Burgundy, he was 
constituted master forester of Inglewood FcMrest for 
life, and continuing to enjoy the confidence of the 
king, he was summoned to parliament as a babon 
on the Uth November, 1482, under the designation 
•f '* HuMrainio Dacbbs or Gillbsland, CSheva- 
tier." Sir Humphrey Dacre, who epjoyed GiUesland 
and other capital manors, by virtue of a fine levied 
by his father, had previously disputed the original 
Barony or Dacbb, with his niece Joane, Lady 
Fienes, when the afikir was l eferied to the arbitra- 
ilon of King Edward IV. , who confirmed Sir Richard 
Fienes and his lady in the barony, with tiie prece- 
dency enjoyed by Lady Fienes's grandfather, and 
decreed to them divers castles and manors, but 
GiLLBBLAirD, the ancient seat of the Vaux's, with 
several considerable catatee was ad^dgad to Sir 



Htti&pliiey I whok at the sama time, was created a 
BAROV, with place next bdow Sir Richard Fienca, 
and for distinction was styled Lord Dacre, of GiUes- 
land, or of the north; Sir Richard being entitled 
Lord Dacre, of the South. His lordship m. Maud, 
daughter of Sir Thomas Parr, Knt., and dying in 
1309, was s. by his son, 

SIR THOMAS DACRE, second Lord Dacre, of 
Oillesland, summoned to parliament from 17th Oc- 
tober, 1309, to 12th November, lAlfi. This noble* 
man, in the 9th Henry VII., served under Thomas, 
Earl of Surrey, at the siege of Norham Castle, and 
his lordship obtained great cdebrity In the com- 
mand of a body of horse reserve, at die famous 
fight of Fix>noBK, in the 4th Henry VIIL under 
the same gallant leader. He was, subsequently, at 
difltarent times, engaged in Scotland, and be filled 
the important office of warden of the West Marches 
ftom the 1st year of King Henry VIIL He m, 
Elimbeth, grand-daughter and sole heiress of Ralph 
de Oreystock, Baron Greystock, K.G., and had 



William, his successor. 
Humphrey. 

Mary, m. to Francis, Earl of Shrewsbury. 
Margaret, m. to Henry, Lord Scrope, of Bolton. 
Jane. 
His lordship d. lit 1383, and was s. by his ddcr 
son, 

SIR WILLIAM DACRE, as third Lord Dacre» 
of GiUesland, summoned to parliament from 3rd 
November, 1829, to 21st October, 1565, in the first 
writ as *< WlUielmo Dacre de Dacre and Oreystok, 
ChiV," afterwards as <« de Ollleshuid," or of Grey- 
stok, or '* de North." In the 26th Henry VIIL this 
nobleman being accused of high tre ason by Sir 
Ralph Fenwyke, was brought to trial before Ua 
peers at Westminster, in the July of that year, and 
acquitted, owing to the description of evidence by 
which the charge was sustained, namriy, persons of 
mean degree ftom the Scottish border, who were 
^ther suborned, or brought forward by a vindictive 
fteling towards Lord Dacre, arising fkom the severity 
with which he had executed the duty of warden of 
the marchesr In the reigna of Edward VL, Mary 
and Ellisabeth, his lordship wak captain of the Cas- 
tle, and governor of Carlisle, and in the 2Bd year of 
the last Queen he was Joined in commission with 
the Earl of Northumberland to negotiate a peace 
with Scotland. His lordship m. Elisabeth, fifth 
daughter of George, Eari of Shrewsbury, and had 
issue* 

THOMAa, his successor. 

Leonard, who being dissatisfied with the distri- 
' bution of the Aunily estates amongst faia 
nieces, at the decease of his nephew, Geoige, 
Lord Dacre, Joined in the conspiracy of the 
Earia of Northumberland and Westmorland, 
temp. Elisabeth for the rescue of Mary, Queen 
of Scots, and took possession of the Dacre 
Castles, of Gbbtbtock and Nawobth, in 
the north, but was eventually ohUged to fiy 
into Scotland, when he was attainted, with 
the lords above-mentiosMd } died«.|». 
Edward, attainted vrith hb brother Leonard.for 
the same treason, died«. p» 



Z>A€I 



1>AQ 




WrtDtk, attaiiited >rich Ida brotlMH, aaA totOm 
He lived, howerer, tevenl 
I, dying about the 8th Cfaarlet I. 
He m. Dorothy, deiighter of John, Earl of 
Danreotwatar, and laft* 
Randal, (the kit male heir of Humphrey, 
L4nrd Dacre, of GlUealand,) who d, two 
year* after Ida fiithfer,wittioutiiauei The 
parish rcgialer of Oreystodc for UiS4, con- 
taim the following entiry (Buried), "Ran- 
dal Dacre, Esq., lonne and hyre to Fran- 
cis Dacre^ Eequir^ deeeaaed, being the 
youngest aon of the last Lord William 
Dacre, deoeaaed, being the laat hyre male 
of that lynet which aaid Randal dyed at 
London, and waa bion^t downe at the 
chaigea of the Right Hon. Thomaa, Earle 
of Arundell and Sun^e, and carle mar- 
ahall of England." 
MasguMt, nu to Anthony Browne, Viaoount 

Montacuta 
Annok at. to Henry CUfibid, Earl of Cumber- 
land. 
Eleanor, m. to Henry Jemingham, Esq., of 
Coatteasey Hall, in the county of Norfolk, by 
whom she had, with other iaaue, 
HnimY jKBiiiifeHAii, who waa created a 
baronet 16th October, 16S1; a dignity is 
inherited by Sir Henry's descendant, 
George-WilUam (fitaiftwwi-Jemingham), 
preacut Lord Staflbrd. 
Hary, m. to Alexander Culpepper, Esq. 
Dorothy, m. to Sir. Thomaa Windaore, Knt, 
son and heir of William, Lord Windacnre. 
Lord Dacre d. in 1563, and waa «. by his eldeat 
son, 

THOMAS DACRE, fourth Baion Dacre, of 
GiOealand, but never aummoned to parliament. 
This nobleman m. EUxabeth, daughter of Sir James 
Leibume, Knt., of Cunawick, in Wcvtmorland, and 
had iaaue, 

Gaoaaa, hiB suooeaaor. 

Anne, m. to Philip Howard, Earl of Arundel. 

Mary, m, to Thomaa, Lord Howard, of Waldm, 

and died «. p, 
Elisabeth, m. to- Lord William Howard, and her 
great-grandaon, Charlea Howard. Esq., waa 
elevated to the peerage on the flOth April, 1661, 
by the titlea of Baron Daere, of GiOetland, 
VUeeunt Howard, tfMorpOh, and Earl op 
CAMiiSLa. To whidi nobleman the present 
Eakl op CABLiajUE, ia great^reatpgreat- 



Hia lordship d. in U06, and was «. by bis only 



GEORGE DACRE, fifth Lord Dacre, of GiUea- 
land, who d. hi minority, anno lfi6B, of a fall from 
a wooden horse, upon which he practised to leap. 
At the decease of his lordship the «' Babony op 
Dacrs, op OiLLa8i.AND," fell into abeyance be- 
tween Us sisters as co-hsiis, and it so continues with 
their descendants. Of his estates, Greystock fell to 
the Earl of Arundel, and is now in the poaseesion of 
the Duke of Norfolk. While Naworth Castle de- 
volved upon Lord William Howard, where he 
settled, and it now belonga to the Earl of Carlisle. 



NbCM-^ha alstcca of the laat Lord Dacre arai 
repreaented, thus ^— 

Anne, Lady Arundel, by the Lords Petre and 

Stourton. 
Elisabeth, Lady WUUam Howard^ by the Earl 
of Carlisle. 
Ami 8.-«u. three escallops ar. 

DAOWORTH — BARONS DAG- 
WORTH. 

By Writ of Summons, dated lath November, 1347, 
81 Edward in. 

In the 19th of King Edward IL, upon the death 
of Lom, widow of William Peyftarer, which Lora 
died, seised of the third part of the office of 
HtiMbar, (Usher) in the exchequer court, and crier 
in the King's Bench, her grandson, 

JOHN DE DAGWORTH, being found her next 
heir, upon doing hia homage, had livery of the 
landa of hia inheritance. To thia John, aucceeded 
hia son. 

THOMAS DE DAOWORTH. a very eminent 
soldier in the reigna of Edward II., and Edward IIL 
In the 20th of the hitter, being then a knight and 
commander of the king's fcnroes in Britanny, he ia 
recorded, aa having defeated twice in one day, 
Charles de Blois, who had usurped in right of his 
wife, the title of Duke of Britanny, notwithstand- 
ing the great inequality of forces, the duke haviiig 
fifteen hundred horse, eight thousand balistars. 
and thirty thousand foot, being treble the army of 
the English commander. In the next year follow- 
ing up his fortune, he marched to the relief of 
Rochedirlan, invested by the same foe, end giving 
battle to the duke, obtained a decisive victory, 
making prisoners of thirty-aix knighu, slaying 
more than five hundred men-at-arms, and convey- 
ing Charles himself a captive to the Tower of 
London ; for which good services he was appointed 
lieutenant snd captain-general to the king, in the 
dukedom of Britanny ( and the next year reaping 
fresh laurels on the French soil, he was summoned 
to parliament, as Baron Daoworth, on the 13th 
November. 1347, *■ >& additional reward for his 
gallantry. His lordship resided from that period 
in Britanny until 13fi9, whan he is said to have 
been stain by the treachery of the French. He was 
«. by his son, 

SIR NICHOLAS DAGWORTH, second Baron 
Dagworth, but never summoned to parliament. Like 
his father, this gallant person acquired the highest 
military renown. In the year 1366, Sir Nicholas 
obtained a great victory over the French in Ai^ou, 
when amongst his prisoners, were the Dulces of 
Orleans and Ai^ou. It is further reported of him. 
that with thirteen En^^ish horse, he encountered 
sixty French near Ftaveny, and by the means of 
chariots, which he employed for his defence, utterly 
vanquUhed them. In the reign of Richard II., he 
was imprisoned by the great lords then opposed to 
the court, but having obtained his freedom, he 

Ififf 



DAM 



DAN 



was employed with Welter Skiilew, Bishop of 
Durham, to ncgodate a peeoe with France—'* from 
which period,** layt Dugdale, «I have not teen 
any more of him.** 
Anna.— Ermine, on a bend gulea, three Beamta. 

DAMER-BARONS MILTON, VIS- 
COUNTS MILTON, EARLS 
OF DORCHESTER. 

Barony, f by Letters \ 10th May, 17fli. 

Earldom, &c. \ Patent, j 18th May, 179S. 

ICineajsc. 

This ISimily had beCB long seated in the counties 
of Somerset and Dorset, and its founder, William 
D'Amory, came into England with the Conqueror. 
JOSEPH DAMER, eldest son of John Darner, 
of Godmanston, embarked early in the senrice of 
the parliament, and was adTanced by CromwHl to 
the command of a troop of horset being in high 
confidence with the usurper, he wtt twice deputed 
by him upon secret negotiations to Cardinal Maia- 
rine. After the restoration, Mr. Darner not deem- 
ing it safe to continue in England, dispoaed of his 
lands in Somerset, and Dorsetshire, and purchased 
other estatek in Ireland, whither he remoTed. He 
dL on the 6th July, 1780, at the advaneed age of 
ninty-one, never having experleneed indisposition 
until theee days before his decease. He died a 
bachelor, and bequeathed his estates to his nephew, 

JOHN DAMER, Esq., of Shronehill, In the 
county of Tipperary, who m. in 1724, Margaret, 
eldest daughter of Andrew Roe, Esq., of Roes- 
borough, in the same shire, but dying without issue 
in 1768, the estates devolved upon his brother, 

JOSEPH DAMER, Esq., of Came, in the county 
of Dorset, b, in 1076, m. 9th December, 1714, Mary, 
daughter of John Churdilll, Esq., of Henbury, in 
the same diire, and had issue, 
Joaara. 

John, of Came, in the county of Dorset, m. 
Martha, daughter of -Samuel Rush, Esq., of 
Benhall, in the county of Suflblk. 
George, M.P. tot Dorsetshire, in 17W-1, died 

in 17fiS, unmarried. 
Mary, m. to William Henry Dawson, Esq., of 
Dawson's Grove, in the Queen's county. 
This gentleman was advanced to the peerage 
of Ireland, as Viscount Carlow, and his son 
was created Earl of Portarlington. His 
grand-children, the present Earl of Portarling- 
ton, and his brothers, su cc eed e d to the Damer 
estates, at the decease of Lady Caroline 
Damer. 
Martha, m. first, in 1741, to Sir Edward Crolton, 
Bart, of the Muat, in the county of Roa- 
common, and secondly, to Eaekiel Nesbitt, 
M.D. 
Mr. Damer, who represented the county of Dorset 
in parliament, in 17S, died 1st March, 1736-7, and 
was «. by his eldest son, 

JOSEPH DAMER, Esq., who having succes- 
sively r epr e s e nted the borough of Weymouth, 
(1741,) Bramber, (1747») and Dorchester, (17M,) hi 
IM 



parliament, was elevated to the pettage of Ireland, 
on the 3rd July, 1753, as Babon Mix.toiv, of Shrone- 
hill, in the county of Tipperary, and created a peer 
of Great Britain, on the 10th May, 1768, in the 
dignity of BAaoit Mix.TOir, qf MiUon Abbe^f in the 
county of DorMt. His lordahlp m., 87th July, 174S, 
Lady Caroline Sackville, only surviving daughter 
of Lionel, first Duke of Dorset, by whom (who d, 
Mth March, \m) he had issue, 

John, 6. S5th June, 1744, m. 14th June, 1767* 
Anne, only child of the Right Honourable 
Henry Seymour Conway, brother of Francis, 
first Marquess of Hertford, and died «. p,, 
IMh August, 1776. 
Gsonos, who succeeded his Hither. 
Lionel, ft. 16th September, 1748, m. 16th April, 
1778, Williamsa, daughter of William Janssen, 
and niecp of Sir Stephen ^Theodore Janssen, 
Bart. 
Caroline, ft. 4th May, 17fifi, and d. unmarried, iu 
1890. 
His lordship was advanced to the dignities of Fit- 
count MiUon, and Earl op Dorchsstsr, in the 
peerage of Great Britain, on the Uth May, 1792. 
He d. 12th February, 1796, and was «. by his eldest 
surviving son, 

GEORGE DAMER, second earl of Dorchester, 
at whose decease in 1806, without issue, (his brother 
Lionri having died previously,) the Irish Barontf of 
MiLTQir, with the British Earldom op DoRcnaa- 
Tsa, and inferior dignities, became sxtinct. 

ARBia.— Barry nebule of six, ar. and gu. a band 
ingiailed. as. 

DANVERS— BARON DANVERS, OF 
DANTSEY, IN THE COUN- 
TY OF WILTS. EARL OF 
DANBY, IN THE COUNTY 
OF YORK. 

Barony, f by Letters, 'IS7th July, 160S. 
Earldom, \ Patent, jAth February, 1696L 

Xiiuage. 

JOHN NEVIL, laat Lord Latimer, of that sur- 
name, m. Lucy, daughter <tf Henry, Earl of Worces- 
ter, and left at his decease, in 1A77, four daughters, 
his cO'he ir ess e i , vla^>— 

Catherine, m. to Henry Percy, Eerl of Northum- 
berland, by whom she had eight sons and 
three daughters^ This earl was committed to 
the tower, for a supposed plot in favour of 
Mary, Queen of Scots, and there found dead 
in hb bed, wounded by three pistol bullels, 
anno IMS. 
Dorothy, m. Thomas Cedl, first Eerl of Exeter, 
by whom she was mother of 
William, second Earl, who Itft at his 
deceaae, in 1640, three daughters, via.— 
Ellaabeth, m. to Thomas, Earl of Berk- 

shire; 
Diana, m. first, to Thomas, Earl of 
Elgin, and secondly, to the Earl of 
Aylesbury. 



1>AN 



1^'AR 



Amw* m. to Henry Qiey» Earl of Stftm- 
ford. 
Loej, m. to Sir William Comwallis, Knt., and 
left ^111 daugbterSf vix.-^ 
Frances, m. to Sir Edward Withipool^ 
Elisabeth* m. to Thomaa Sandys* Eiq. 
Catherine, m. to Richard Farmer, Esq. 
Dorothy, m. to Archibaldt Earl of Argyll. 
EUsabeth, m. flrstt to Sir John Daavert, Knt, 
and Moondly, to Sir Edmund Carey, Kat. 
SIR JOHN DANVERS, acquired with the Ho- 
aottxaUe Elisabeth Neril, the ancient Castle of 
Danby, in the North Riding of Yorkshire, and had 
issue, 

CHAB1.BS, (Sir) who lost his life, and was at- 
tainted tot participating in the insurrection 
of Robert, Earl of Essea, 4ard Elisabeth. 
HsNET, of wliom presmtly. 
John, (Sir) one of the Jud^ of King Charles I., 

d. in 1659. 
Elisabeth, m. to Thomas Wahnsley, Esq., of 
Dunkelhagh, in the county of Lancaster, and 
left an only daughter, 
Anne Wahnsley, who in. first, William 
HJddleton, Esq., of Stockeld, in the 
county of York, and secondly. Sir Edward 
Osbom, Bart.; by the latter she had 
issue. 
Sir Thomas Osbocn* Bart, who was 
created VUeount Latimar, Earl t^f 
DanAy, Mar^ueM qf C ar m art hen, and 
DuKS or Laane. His lordship was 
great-great, great-grandfather, of the 
present Dukb op Laaoa. 
Dofothy, fM. to Sir Peter Osbom, KnL, ftrom 
wUicb union the BarontU OsBoair, of Chick- 
sand Priory, in the county of Bedford, de- 
rive. 
The second son, 

SIR HENRY DANVERS, KnL, was elevated to 
the peerage, by letters patent, on the 97th July, 
1609, as Baron Datuw*, of Dantsey, in the county 
of Wilts, and in two years afterwards, his knrdahip 
was restored in Uood, by special act of parliament, 
as heir to his tether, notwithstanding the attainder 
of Sir Charles Danvers, his elder brother. Upon 
the accession of King Charles I., Lord Danvers was 
created by letters patent, dated 5th February, 1686, 
Earl op Daitby, and his lordship was soon after- 
wards chosen a Kkiort of the GARTaa. This 
noUeman, who had adapted ftom his youth the 
profession of arms, distinguished himself both by 
sea and land, and was esteemed an able and gallant 
soldier. 

His lordship was the founder of the fiunous Physic 
Garden, at Oxford, which cost him little short of 
j£ff,(NW. He d. 90th January, 1643, when never 
having married, the Barenjf ef Ikmvtr* and Exai/- 
noM OP Daitby, became extinct. His remains 
were interred in the chancel of the parish church 
at Dantsey, under a noUe monument ci iHilte 
marble, with the following inscription :■— 

** HawBT, Earl op Danby, second son to Sir 
John Danvers, Knt., and Dame Elibabbth, 
daughter and co-heir of John Nevil, Lord Latimer ; 
bom. at Dauntesey, in the county of Wilts, 98th 



June, ann. Dom., 157S> and baptisea in this 
church, the 1st of July following, being Sunday. 
He departed this life on the 90th of January, ann. 
Dom., 1643, and lyeth here fanterred. 

** He was partly bred up in the low country wars, 
under Maubicb, Earl of Nassau, (afterwards 
Prince of Orange,) and fan many other military 
actions of those times, both by sea and land. He 
was made a captain in the wars of Prance, and 
there knighted for his good ssrrioe, under 
Henry IV., then French King. He was employed 
as lieutenant-general of the hoiseb and seijeant* 
mi^ of the whole army, in Ireland, under Robbrt, 
Earl of Essex, and Charles, Baron of Mount;)oy, 
in the reign of Queen Elisabeth. 

'* He was made Baron of Dauntsby, and peer 
of the realm, by King James I. ; and by him made 
Lord President of Munbtbb, and Oovemor of 
Garnbsby. 

** By King Charles I., he was created Earl of 
Danby } made of his privy council, and knight of 
the most noble order of the Garter i but declining 
more active employments in his later time, (by 
r e a s on of his imperfect health,) foil of honour, 
wounds, and days, he died at his house at Corn- 
BVRY Park, in the county of Oxford, in the 7Ist 
year of his age." 

LausDeo. 

Sacred marble, safely keep 

His dust, who under thee must sleep, 

Untill the years again restore 

Their dead, and time shall be no more. 

Meanwhile, if He (who all things wears) 

Does mine thee; or if thy tears 

Are shed for him : disserve thy frame. 

Thou art requited : for his fame. 

His vertue, and his worth shall be 

Another monument to thee. 
Armb.— Ou. a chevron between three mullets of 
six points, or. 

D'ARCY- BARONS D'ARCY. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 99th December, 1909, 
96 Edward I. 

Xincagc. 

At the time of the general survey, 

NORMAN DE ARECI enjoyed no less than 
thirty-three lordships in the county of Lincoln, by 
the immediate gift of the Conovbror, of whidi 
NocTON was one, where he and his posterity had 
their chief seat, for divers after ages. This Nor- 
man, in the 6th year of William Rufos, being with 
the king in his great council held at Gloucester, 
(together with several bishops, abbots, and others,) 
was a witness to that confirmation there made to 
the monks of SL Mary's Abbey, in York, of nume- 
rous possessions whidi had formerly been bestowed 
upon them. To Norman de Ared «. his son and 
heir, 

ROBERT lyARCY, who founded a priory of 
Augustines at his lordship at Nocton, and otherwise 
oontriboted liberally to the church. This Robert 
#. by his son and heir, 

THOMAS D'ARCY, who, upon the assessment 

W7 



D'AB 



D*AR 



of di«aid fbr marrytoif the king*! tteiightar is Hit 
18th Henry It., certified that he then held twenty 
knights' liBes de vettri /hq^mtetUo, vith .helf a 
knight's fee, and a fourth partd* laovo, for which he 
paid £l& 6i. Bi. This feudal kird m. Alice, daugh- 
ter of Ralph IVEineurt. by whom he had three eons 
and four daughters He d. on St. Swithin'e day, 
anno 1180, leaving Thomai hie eon and heir, then 
eighteen yean of aget Upon the deceaie of hie lord- 
•hip, William Bawet, eherlirof Linoolnahire, eeiaed 
on his whole taacony for the king, and conunitted 
it to the custody of Michael IVAzcy, but the baron's 
widow subsequently obtained the ponession with 
(he guBidianship of her children, for which she paid 
£iOa To Thomas D'Arcy «. bis aforesaid son and 
hair, 

THOMAS IVARCY, who was with King Richard 
L in the expedition whidi that monarch made into 
Nonnandy in the 8th year of his reign« and in the 
Ml John was retained to senrethat king, with three 
knights for one whole year, in consideration of 
whidi King John remitted to him a debt of two 
hundred end twenty-flre marks, which he then 
owed the Jews: but besides this retainer he was to 
p et form the like serrioe for his barony, that other 
barons did. His lordship was «. at his decease by 
his son, 

NORMAN D'ARCY, who in the 7th of King 
John giving five hundred marks, six palAreys, with 
one horse for the great saddle, and doing his hMnage, 
had livery of all the lands of his inheritance: but 
taking part with the barons, those lands were seised 
upon bythe crown a fow years afterwards, and held 
until the pacification in the beginning ot Henry 
llL's reign, when they were restored. The baron 
d, soon after, and was «. by his son, 

PHILIP D'ARCY, who had praviously, Ibr hb 
adhesion to the king, in the turbulent times of John, 
m grant of all the lands of Robert de Camberling. 
In the 34th Henry III. this feudal lord is said to 
have been the accuser of Sir Hettr^ de Bathe, an 
eminent Judge of the period, for corruption in hie 
Judicial capacity. His lordship was afterwards en- 
gaged in the Fnndi wars, and Involved himself so 
deeply in debt in theking'sservioe that he was obliged 
to obtain in the 90th Henry III. certain letters horta- 
tory, to all his tenants by military service, and 
other; earnestly moving them to yield unto him 
such reasonable aid as might extricate him ftom his 
pecuniary difficulties, and for which they should 
receive the especial thanks of the crown. He m. 
Isabel, sister and co-heir of Roger Bertram, of Mlt- 
fixrd, and dying in IMS, was «. by his son, 

NORMAN D'ARCY, then twenty-eight years of 
age, who doing his homage, and giving security for 
the payment oi his rdief as a baron, had livery of 
his lands, but the very next year, being one of the 
barons defeated at Evesham, those lands were all 
seised by the crown. His brother Roger, and his 
unde Thomas, were likewise involved in the defeat, 
but all made their peace, under the memorable do- 
oree, denominated « DUtwm de KenUworth,** John 
de Burgh, of Kent, Adam de Newmarch, of York, 
and Robert de Ufllbrd, all barons, undertaking for 
their future loyalty and quiet demeanour. He was 
subsequently engaged in the Welsh wan» and in the 
IW 



Sflnd Edward I. had fummoos to attend the khig 
forthwith, and to give him his advice in those great 
and difficult aAlrs which then concerned his crown 
and kingdom. This feudal lord had issuer 
Philip, his successor. 
John, summoned to perUament as a baron 28th 

Edward I. <see another Lord D'Arcy). 
Robert, of StaiUngburgh, in the county of Lin- 
oaHn, m. Joan, ■ ■■■ ■■ , and left an only 
daughter and heiress, 
Margaret, who m. John Argentine. 
Norman D'Arcy d. 1S06> and was «. by his ddest 
son, 

PHILIP D'ARCY, who was summoned to par- 
liament as Babow D'Aacv from nth December, 
1890, to 80th October, 1338. This noblenoan was 
involved in the insurrection of Thomas, Earl of 
Lancaster, in the lAth Edward IL, but made his 
peace, and had restltutioa of his lands. His lord- 
ship had issue, 

NoRMAH, his BuceasBor. 

»«*»«*' \ died*. j»; 
John, J 

Julian m. to Sir Peter de Limberry. 
Agnes, m. to Sir Roger de Pedw^Mine. 
Lord Darcy was «. at his decease by his only sur- 
viving son, 

NORMAN D'ARCY, second Baron D'Aicy, but 
never summoned to parliament; his lordship was 
likewise implicated in Lancaster's rebellion, but had 
pardon for his treason, and restitution of his lands. 
Hed. in 1340, and was «. by his only chUd, 

PHILIP D'ARCY, third Baxon D'Arcy, at whose 
decease without issue, 

Sim Philip db Limbitky, Kbt., son of Julian, 
the elder sister of Philip, first Lortl D'Arcy, 
And 

AoHxs, wife of Sir Roobb db Pbdwardinb, 
younger sister of Philip, first Lord D'Arcy, 
were fbund to be his next heirs, and betw ee u thoee 
the Barony op D'Arcy fell into abbyancb, as It 
la stiU supposed to continue amongst their repre- 
sentatives. 

ARMa.— Ai. semde of croes aroeslets, and three 
dnquefbUs ar. 

D'ARCY— BAKONS D'ARCY. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 87th January, 1338, 
8 Edward IIL 

JOHN D'ARCY. (next brother of PhiUp D'Arcy, 
who was summoned to parliament, as Baron D'Arcy, 
89th December, 18n,) being an active and distin- 
guiahed person in the rrigns of the first, second, and 
third Edwards, obtained some of the highest offices 
in the atate^ and attained eventually the peeragai 
In the latter years of Edward L, and the beginning 
of Edward II.'s reign, he was engaged in the wars 
in Scotland; and during the time of the laat-mesH 
tioned monarch, he was govensor of Norham Castle^ 
sheriff of the counties of Nottingham, Derby, and 
Lancaster, and juariCB or Irblanp. Upon the 
accession of Edward III., he was appotaited sheriff 
of Yorkshire and govemor of the castle at York* 



D*AR 



ITAR 



•■die^oindtutedl jvsnca or Isslaicd; lowhldi 
latter post, with the fov e muwl of th« oouatry, be 
mm we-mpfcinttd the next yew ; eud in the Mikm- 
ing year he had a grant tnm the king, for has good 
services, of the msnor of Werk, in TindalCi In the 
6ih of Edward III., he was summoned to parlia- 
ment, as Baron D'Akcy; and the next year, being 
then in his goTenunent of briand, his kyrdship 
marched with a great army into the prorfaice of 
Ulster, to avenge the death of William de Burgh, 
Kabl or U1.8TBR ; but beftMV he got thither, the 
people of the country having vindicated the mur- 
der, he transported ffimsdf and his army into Scot- 
land, leaving Thomas Burke, his lieutenant, in 
Ireland, and Joined the king, who was then pursuing 
the victorious course which placed Edward Baliol 
upon the Soottish throne. In two years afterwards. 
Lord J>'Arcy, at the head of the Irish nobles, made 
a second inroad upon Scotland with ftfty-six ships, 
and wasted the Isles of Arran and Bute, for which 
good service the king granted to him and his heirs 
the manors of Rathwere and Kildalk, in Irdand. 
His lordship was subsequently constable of the 
Tower of London, and steward of the king's house- 
hold; and he was accredited ambassador to the 
courts of France and Scotland in the 11th Edw. III. ; 
after which we find him acquiring flresh laurels on 
the French soil* until he finally shared in the ^k>ry 
of CnsaaT. His lordship obtained Airther great 
immunities from Edward IIL, and was appointed 
JU8TICB OF laRLAwn and GoweTABi<B or tb> 
Towns for life. This eminent nobleman espoused 
first, Emeline, daughter and co-heir of Walter He- 
ron, of Hedleston, in the county of Northumber- 
land, by whom he had issue, 

John, his mccenor. 

Roger, from whom the D'Arcyi of Euex de- 
rive. 

Adomar. 
His lordship married Mcondly, 3d July 1339, Joane, 
daughter of Richard de Burgh, Earl of Ulster, and 
wiitow of Thomas Earl of Kildare, and had issue of 
this marriage, 

William, of Platin, tnuk whom the Darcys of 
Ireland derive. 

Elisabeth, m. to James, Earl of Osmonde. 
Lord IXArcy , who had summons to parliament from 
ISas to 1349, d. aoth May, 1347, and was «. by his 
eldest son, 

SIR JOHN D'ARCY, second Baion ITArey, b. 
in iai7» summoned to parliament ftom 90th Novem- 
ber, 1348, to liMh March, 1304. This nobleman had 
acquired Ugh military fsme in the Hfe-thne of his 
fistlier, and was also amongst the heroes of CaaaaY. 
His lordship had custody of the king's liberty of 
HoiJ>snNBa8, in the county of York, and was 
constable of the Tower of London. He fa. Elisa- 
beth, daughter and heiress of Nicholas Meinell, 
LonI MelneU, of Wherlton, and had iseue, 

John, his sucoeisor. 

Philip, succewor to his brother. 

Isabel. 
His lordship d. In 1356, and was #. by his elder son, 

JOHN D'ARCY, third Baron D'Arcy, at whose 
dwcasee in naaority {t, p.), 9Bth August, UO, the 
barony devolve4 upon hit bvotbar. 



PHILIP D'ARCY, l!Mkit& Bwon D'Aicy, 
moned to parHanwmt ftom 4th August, 1377* to 5th 
November, 13B7* This nobleman, in the 4th ot 
Richard II., was in the expediticoi made into 
France with Thomas of Woodstock, Eari of Buck- 
ingham i and arriving at Calais three days before 
Maudlin-tide, in July, rode with his banner dis- 
played. He became subsequently so eminent in the 
French wars, that, in thefith of Riduurd II., he was 
especially excused, in consequence, trotn repairing 
into Ireland, as all persons having lands there were 
compelled to by act of parliament passed three years 
before, for the defence of the realm against the in- 
surgents then in arms ; and in the next year he was 
again excused, by reason of the great charge he was 
at in supporting himself in those wars, and likewise 
'*'that he was then marching towards ScoUand 
against the king's enemies there." In the 9th of 
Richard II., his lordship was constituted AomaAL 
of the king's fleet from the river Thames north- 
ward. Lord Darcy m. Elisabeth, daughter of Sir 
Thomas Orey, of H^on, and had issue, 
John, his successor. 
Thomas, of Seamer. 
PhiUp. 
Elisabeth. 
His knrdship d. 25Ui AprU, 1308, and was *. by hii 
eldest son, 

JOHN D'ARCY, fifth Baxon D'Arcy, ». in 1377, 
summoned to parliament from 19th August, 1369, 
to 21st September, 1411. This nobleman fn. Mar- 
garet, daughter of Henry, Lord Grey de Wilton, and* 
had issue, 

Philip, his successor. 

John, in. Joan, daughter of John Lord Grey- 
stock t and his great-grandson, Thomas 
D'Arcy, was summoned to parliament, as Lord 
D'Arcy, of D'Arcy. (See that dignity.) 
Elisabeth. 
Maud. 
His lordship d. in 1399, (leaving his widow, who m. 
secondly. Sir Thomas Swinford,) and was «. by his 
elder son, 

PHILIP D'ARCY, sixth Baron D'Arcy. This 
noUfeman m. Eleanor, daughter of Henry Lord Fits- 
Hugh, and d. in 1418, before he had attained mino- 
rity, leaving two daughters, vis., 

EHsabeCh, m. to Sir James Strangeways, and 
had issue, 
1. Richard Strangeways, who m. Lady Elisa- 
beth Nevil, one oi the daughters and co- 
heirs of William NevU, Lord Fauoon- 
berg, and Earl ot Kent. The baront 
ok Fauconbbro continues still in abey- 
ance amongst the descendants of this mar- 
riage, and of the other coheirs, Joane, wift 
of Sir Edward Bedhowing, and Alice, wife 
of Sir John Cooyers. 
9. James, ancestor of the Srangeways at 
Ormsby, in the county of York. 
Margery, m. to Sir John Conyers, Knt. 
Upon the decesse of his lordship, the baront op 
D'Arcy fell into abbyancb between those ladies, 
and it so continues with their representatives. 

Arms.— -As. semte of cross crosslets, and three 
dnquefeUs ar.> 

1» 



DAR 



D'AR 



DARCY — BARONS DARCY, OF 
CHICHE, IN THE COUN- 
TY OF ESSEX. 

By Lecten Patent, dated fith AprU» 1A51. 
6 Edward VI. 

This is prestuned to have been a branch of the 
great baronial house of D*Arcy« which floiirished 
in the counties of Lincohi and York, but the exact 
line could never be traced. The first of the family, 
of note, 

ROBERT DARCIE, was originally a lawyer's 
clerlL, who laid the foundation of his fortune, by 
marrying the widow of a rich merchant of Maiden, 
in Essex, which widow, called Alice, daughter and 
co-heiress of Henry Fit2-Langley, died in the a6th 
Henry VI., and was buried in the chapel of the 
Holy Trinity, within the diurch of All Hallows, in 
Maiden, with this Ro|)l)ert Darcie, her husband, 
leaving issue by hlm^ 

Sir Robert Darcy, of Danbury. 

John Darcy, of TolshunL 
The elder son, 

SIR ROBERT DARCY, died in the 9th Edward 
IV., and left a son, 

THOMAS DARCY, Esquire of the body to King 
Henry VL, and King Edward IV., who <f. in the 
first year of King Henry Vllth, and was «. by his 
son, 

ROGER DARCY, Esquire of the body to King 
Henry VII., who m. Elisabeth, daughter of Sir 
Henry Wentworth, Knt., and was «. by his son, 

SIR THOMAS DARCY, Knt, who in the a6th 
Henry VIIL, was constituted master of the king's 
artillery, within the Tower of London, and in the 
next year made a gentleman of the privy chamber. 
In the ffth Edward VI., Sir Thomas, being then 
vice chamberlain of the king's household, captain 
of the guard, and one of the principal knights of 
the privy chamber, was advanced to the peerage, as 
BARoif Daucy, ^f Chiehtp in the eountjf qfEitaes, 
by letters patent, dated 5th April, 1551, and there- 
upon had summons to the parliament then sitting. 
He was also made a Knzort of the Gabtsr. His 
lordship m. Lady Elixabeth de Vere, daughter of 
John, Earl of Oxford, and had surviving issue, 

John, his successor. 

Thomasine, m. to Richard Southwell, E^sq., of 
Wood-Rising, in the county of Norfolk. 

Constance, m. to Edmund Pyrton, Esq., of 
Bentley, in the county of Essex. 
Lord Darcy, d, in 1558, and was «. by his son, 

JOHN DARCY, second Lord Darcy, of Chiche.' 
This nobleman accompanied William, EUurl of 
Essex, into Ireland, in the 16th of Elisabeth. His 
lordship m. Frances, daughter of Richard, Lord 
Rich, Lord Cbancsllob or Emolano, ahd had 
issue, 

TaoMAB, his successor. 

John, d, unmarried. 

Mary, m. to Robert, Lord Lumley. 
He d. in 1580, and was «. by his elder son, 

THOMAS DARCY, third Lord Darcy, of Chiche. 
who was advknoed on the 5th July, lfi21, to the 

lao 



dignity of ViscouvT Coi^bxstxa, with remaindto 
to his son-in-law. Sir Thomas Savage, of Rock- 
savage, in the county of Chester, Bart, and created 
on the 4th November, 1626, Eari< or Rivbrs, with 
a similar revernonary clause in the patent His 
lordship m. Mary, daughter and heiress of Sir Tho- 
mas Kitson, Knt. and had issue, 

Thomar, who <L in the Ufe.time of his Ikther, 

issueless. 
Elisabeth, m. to Sir Thomas Savage, to whom, 
and his male issue, by the said Elisabeth, the 
viscounty and earldom of her father, were 
granted in reversion; but previously to In- 
' heriting those honours. Sir Thomas was 
himself created Viscoukt Savaor, of Rock- 
savage, in the county of Chester, by letters 
patent, dated 6th November, 16^6. 
Mary, m. to Roger Manwood, Esq. son of Sir 

Peter Manwood, K.B. 
Penelope, m. first, to Sir George Trenchard, 
Knt, and secondly, to Sir John Gage, Bart, of 
Firle, in the county of Suflblk, trcm which 
uni(m the ftunily of Gage, Viscounts Gage, 
and that of Gage, Baronets of Hengrave, 
derive. 
Susan, d, unmarried. 
His lordship d, in 1630, and his only son having 
died «. p., previously, the Barony or Darcy, of 
Chiche, became xxtinct, while the viscounty and 
earldom devolved, according to the limitation, and 
his estates passed to his four daughters aa co- 
heiresses. 
ABifa.— Ar. three cinqucfoils gu. 

D'ARCY — BARONS D'ARCY, OF 
D'ARCY. BARONS D'AR- 
CY, OF ASTON. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 17th October, 1509, 

1 Henry VIII. 

Restored, as Baron D'Arcy, of Aston, to heirs male 

wdy, by act of parliament, 1548, t Edward II. 

' %ixustL%t, 

The Honourable 

JOHN D'ARCY, second son of John, Lord 
D'Arcy, and Margery, daughter of Henry, Lord 
Grey de Wilton, becsone male representative of the 
family upon the decease of his brother Phihp, Lord 
D'Arcy, 1418 (the barony fell, however. Into abbt- 
ANCB between the said Philip's two daughters as oo-' 
heirs, as it still continues with their descendants). 
Mr. D'Arcy, while a minor, living in ward to the 
king, m, without license, Joane, dau^ter of J(4m, 
Lord Greystock, for which ofllence he paid a fine of 
two hundred marks. Of this marriage were issue, 
Richard, who d. in the life-time of his fisther, 
leaving by his wife, Eleanor, daughter of 
John, Lord Scroop, of Upsal, an only son, 
William, who «. his grandftther. 
John. 
George. 
Thomas. 
Philip. 

Jane, m. first, to John Beaumont, and secondly j^ 
to Giles Daubeney. 



D*AB 



D*AR 



J<rfiB lyAtcf d. In the aind Htnry VI., and was «. 
by liu ffsndflMiy 

SIR WILLIAM lyARCY, then trat IJour yeen 
ct egek This gentleman m. Euphemle* daughter of 
Sir Tfaomae Laagton, of Famly, In the county of 
York, and dying in the 3rd Hairy VIL, was «. by 
his too, 

SIR THOMAS D*ARCY, a pmon who obtahied 
Ugh iMBOurs end distinction in the reign of Henry 
VIL, and was called to the peerage by the succeed- 
ing nxmarch. In Uth Henry VIL Thomas D*Arcy 
was one of the northern lords that marched with 
Thomas, Earl of Surrey, to the relief of Norham 
Castle, then besieged by the King of Scotland, and 
the next year being a knight of the king's body, he 
was made constable of Bamburgh Castle, in Nor- 
thumberland i in two years, subsequently, he was 
constitutsd captain of the Town and Castle of Ber- 
irick, as also warden of the eest end middle marches 
towards Scotland, and he had a special commission 
soon aft erw ar ds to exercise the office of constable 
and marshal of Englaad against certain rebA, being 
appeinted about the same time constable of Sheriff 
Hoton, in the county of York, and steward of that 
lordship. In thel7thof the same reign he was one 
of the commisdoners appointed to receive the oath 
of Jemes, the fourth Kingof Scotland, upon a treaty 
of peace, end In four years afterwards bring then of 
the privy council, he was made general warden of 
Che mardies towards Scotland. An office confirmed 
to him jointly with Sir Thomes D'Arcy, Knt., upon 
the BCPwsslonof King Henry VIII., when hewassum- 
mflned to parliament as Babov D'Arcy, or D'Arcy, 
inetalled a kniort of the Gartbr, and sworn 
of the psivy eounciL From this period he enjoyed 
the confidence fSor several years of his sovereign, 
being amongst those who exhibited articles against 
Welsey, and subscribed the celebrated letter to 
Clement VII.. until, at length, abaantlng himself 
from parliament sooner then sanction the dissolu- 
tion of the religious housss, and finally Joining in 
Ask's rebellion, csUed " tk* PUgHmag* tif Grace," 
he was convicted of high treeson, on a diarge of 
dettvering up PoMTiraAcr CAeri^ to the rebels, 
and beheaded on Tower Hill, 90th June, 1A3B, when 
the BARomr or I/Arct fell under the attainder. 
His lordship bed m, first, Dcvwsabel, daaghter and 
hefaressof Sir Richard Tempest, KBt.,of Ridlesdale, 
in thecovnty of Northumberkmd, by whom he had 



Geotge, of whom presently, as the restored 

Lord D'Arcy. 
Arthur, who m, Mary, dani^ter and oo-heir of 
Sir Nicholes Carew, of Bedington, in the 
eounty of Surrey, K.O., and dying in IMl, 
4eft Issue, 

Henry, «•. Catherine, daughter of Sir 
John Fermor, end widow of M. Pulte- 
ney, Esq., and left an osdy daughter 



Catherine, who m. Gervase, Lord 

Clifton, and had a daughter, 

Catherine, who laid claim to 

the Barony of Clifton In 1074, 

and had the same allowed in 

perUamentt from thto hidy. 



the pneent Lord Clifton de- 
rives. 
Thomas, m. KttBOMth. co-heir of John, 
Lord Coniers, and had issue. 

Sir Coniers D'Arcy (see D'Arcy, 
Lords HoMemessK 
Edward, l^om whom the D'Aicye of Kent 

derive. 
Arthur, ancestor of the IXArcys of Al* 
dington, in the county of Northamp- 
ton. 
Frands, m. to Catherin e , daughter of 
Ed. Leigh, Esq., of RushaU, in the 
county of Staftvd. 
Elisabeth, m. to Lewis, Lord Mosdannt. 
Lord D'Arcy espoused secondly, EliadMth, sister of 
William Sandys, first Lord Sandys, by whom he 
had an only daughter, 

Elisabeth, m. to Sir Hannaduke Constable, of 
SpeUingmoor, in the county of York. 
GEORGE D'ARCY, the eldest son, received the 
honour of knighthood from King Henry VIII. at 
the siege of Tonmay, and was restored in blood, 
with the dignity of Baron D'Arcy to himsrif, and 
his heirs male, by en ace of parliament passed in the 
ted Edward VI., anno 1548. This nobleman m, 
Dorothy, daaghter and heiress of Sir John Melton, 
of Aston, in the county of York, by whom he had 
issue, 

JoBW, his successor. 

Agnes, m. to Sir Thomas Falrlhx. 

Mary, m. first, to Hsnry Bablngton, Esq., and 

secondly, to Henry Foljamb, Esq. 
Edith, m. to Sir Thomas Dauney, Knt. 
Dorothy, ai. to Sir Thames Metham, Knt. 
Elisabeth, m. to Bryan SUpleton, Esq^ of 
Carleton. 
His lordship, who firom the restoration of hie 
honours bore the title of Lord D'Arcy, ^ JUbw, 
d. 9Bth August, 1587, and was «. by his son, 

JOHN D'ARCY, as second Baroh D'Arcy, ^ 
AgUm. This nobleman was with the Earl of Essex in 
the expedition made into Irelsnd in the IGth Film 
beth. His k>rdship ei. Agnes, daughter of ThoauM 
Bablngton, Esq., of Dethick, in the county of 
Derby, by whom he had an only son, 

MicHABiw who m, Margaret, daughter of TImk 
mas Wentworth, Esq., end dying in the life, 
time of his father, left issu^ 
JoBv, who #. to the title at the decease of 

his grandflither. 
Margaret, d. unmarried. 
Anne, m. to Thomas Savlll, Esq. 
Lord D'Arcy d, in 1M7* and was «. by his grandson, 
JOHN D'ARCY. third Lord D'Arcy, of Aston, 
who was summoned to parlianient as <* Johanni 
D'Ardeand MakpilL** His kxrdship m. Rosamond, 
daughter of Sir Peter PreschevUe, of SUvely, in 
the county of Derby, and had issue, 

, JoBN, who predeceased his fathar uamanried. 
Rosamond, 1 ^^^j^ ^ unmarried. 

Lord D'Arcy d. 163S, when the Barony ov D'Arcy, 
ufAtUmt for want of a male heir, became bxtinct. 
Arms.— Aa. aem4s of oose cresslet^ and three 
dnquefoil^ ar. 

Y lis 



D*AR 



D*AR 



D'ARCY-BARONS CONYERS, BA- 
RONS D'ARCY, EARLS OF 
HOLDERNESS. 

Barony of Caiiycn« by inheritmoe, crested origi- 

naUy by Writ. 17th October. 150a 
Barany of lyArcy, by Letters Patent, dated lOth 

August, 1641. 
Earldom, by Letters Patient, dated Ath December, 

leas. 
Xincage. 

The Hon. Sir 

ARTHUR D'ARCY, second son of the beheaded 
and attainted Lord D'Arcjr, temp. Henry VIII.i^ 
m. Ifary, daughter and co-heir of Sir Nicholas 
Carew, of Bedington, in the county of Surrey, and 
dying in 1061, left, with several other children, 

THOMAS D'ARCY, who, upon the decease of 
his dder brother Sir Henry D^Aicy, without male 
issuer became chief of the fkmily. This gentleman 
«. Elisabeth, daughter and co-heir of John, Baron 
Conyers (see that dignity), and dying in 1606, was 
«. by his only child, 

SIR CONYERS D'ARCY, who being the prin- 
cipal male brandi then remaining of this ancient 
and noble fSunily set forth in a petition to King 
Charles I. in that parliament, begun at Westmin- 
ster 3rd November, 1640, that after the attainder of 
Thomas, Lord D'Arcy, his great-grand flrther, in 
the nth Henry VII L Sir George D'Arcy, Knt., 
eldest son of the said Thomas, iMing restored in 
blood by King Edward VI., obtained a grant of the 
title and dignity of Lonn I^AacY to himself and 
the heirs maleof his body t and that by the death 
of John, Lord D'Arcy, late of Aston, in Yorkshire, 
without issue nude, in the 11th of his m^)esty's 
veign, the title and dignity of Lord D'Arcy was 
utterly extinct, did humbly desire, that being grand- 
child and hei».male of Sir Arthur D'Arcy, Knt, 
and likewise son and heir of EUiabeth, daughter 
and co-heir of John, Lord Conyers, lineal heit to 
Margery, daughter and co-heir to nuiip. Lord 
D'Arcy, son of John, Lord D'Arcy, one of the 
barons of this reelm in the time of King Hairy IV., 
his majesty would bepleeaed to declare^ restore and 
eonflrm to him, the said Sir Conyers D'Arcy, and 
to the heirs male of his body, the dignity of Loan 
D'AncY, with sudi precedency as the said John, 
Loid D'Arcy had, and by right from his anceston 
then e^)oyed. Whereupon his mi^esty gradoudy 
condescending, he did by letters patent, dated at 
Westminster 10th August, 1641, restore and eonflrm 
to the said Sir Conyen D'Arcy, and the hdrs m^ 
•f his body, the dignity of Baroh D'Ancr, as en- 
Joyed by his albresaid ancestor John, JLord D'Arcy, 
and he had summons to parliament accordingly. 

His lotdship was seated at Hornby Castle, and 
having m. Dorothy, daughter of Sir Henry BeOasise, 
Baranet, had issue, 

CoiTYana, his successor. 

William (Sir), m. Dorothy, daughter of Sir 

George Selby, Knt. 
Henry, of Newpark, In the county of York, 
m, Mary, daughter of William Scrope, Esq., 
of Highly, in the county of Dnrham. 
fOS 



Thomas, of Wfaikbone. 

Maimaduke, gentleman usher of the privy 

council to King Charles IL,4L unmarried. 
Jemes, ct Sedbury Park, in the county of 
York, M.P. for Richmond, anno 1600, m. 
Isabel, daughter of Sir Mannaduke Wyvill, 
Bart., and had issue, 
James, mho «. to Sedbuiy Park. 
Barbara, m. to Matthew Hutton, Esq., «f 

Mask, in the county of York. 
Ursula, m. to John StilUngton, Esq., of KA- 

Add, in the county of York. 
Dorothy, m. to John Dalton, Esq.* of HairiLea- 

well, in the county of York. 
Anne, in. to Thomas Metcalfe, Esq., of Routh 

Park, in tlie county of Lincoln. 
Grace, m. first, to Geo. Bert, Esq., of Middle- 
ton, and secondly, (after his decease,) to Sir 
Frsnds Molineux, of Mansfield, in the 
county of Nottingham. 
Margaret, «. to Acton Bumcil, Esq., of Winck- 
boume Hall, in the county of NottSi, whose 
descendant, Peter Pegge BumeU, Esq., con- 
tinues to reside at the same seat 
Lord D'Arcy d. 3rd March, 1603, and w« «. by his 
ddestson, 

CONYERS D'ARCY, second Baron D'Aicy. 
summoned to parliament from 8th Bfay, 1661, to 
1st March, 1680, as ** Conyers D'Arde de lyAide," 
and hi the two last writs with the addition of 
** MeynilL" This nobleman was advanced to the 
dignity of Earl or HoLoanivnaa by letters pa- 
tent, dated Ath December, 1688. His lordship m. 
Grace, daughter and heiress of Thomas Rokeby, 
Esq., of Skyers, in the county of York, and had 
issue, 

Comrsna, his successor, who had been sum- 
moned to the House of Lords in November* 
1680, as Baron Conyers. 
Ursula, m. to Sir Christopher WyvUl, Bart., 

of Burton Constable. 
Elisabeth, m. to Sir Henry Stapleton, BarL, 

of Myton, in the county of York. 
Grace, m. to Sir John Lcgard, Bart., of Gaa- 

ton, in the county of Yoriu 
Maxgaret, m. to Henry Marwood, Eeq., of 
Little Bugby, in the county of York. 
The earl d. 14th June, 1680, and was «. by liis son, 

CONYERS D'ARCY, Lord Conyers, « second 
Earl of Holdemess. TUs nobleman m. no less than 
four times t first. Lady Catherine Fane^ daughter of 
Francis, Earl of Westmorland, by whom he had no 
issues secondly. Lady Frances Howard, daughter of 
Thomas, Earl of Berkshire, by whom he had, 

JoHH, M.P., for the county of York, m. 
Bridget, daughter of Robert Sutton, Lord 
Lexington, and predeceasing his fkther and 
grandfather on the 7th June, 1688, left issue, 
Robsht, successor to his grand£sther. 
Conyen (Sir), M.P., for the county of 
York in 1707* and in several succeeding 
parliaments t Master of the Horse to 
Queen Anne and King George I., and 
subsequently comptndler of the house- 
hold, and a member of the privy coun- 
dl| m, twioe« but had no Issue. 



ITAft 



DAU 



BHnlwth, «». to Sir Ralph MUbiBka, 
Bart, of Halnaby, in the oouBty of 
York. 

Chariottc, «. to Wardal Geoi)fe Weitky, 
Eaq.t a mmwiwiopar of tlie custom. 

?l!***?' IbothAuniMrriod. 
Charles, J 

Tlie earl m. thirdljj Lady Freneet SeynMmr, daugh- 

tar of William, ftcoiid Duke of Somenet, and 

widow of Richard, tnt Viscouiit MoUneux, nd of 

Thornes Wriotheity, Earl of Southampton. Hif 

hndahip eq»uied fourthly, EUaAeth, daughter and 

eo-heir of John, Lord Preedievile, and widow of 

Philip Werwfck, Esq.. but had no i«ue by thoee 

iadiei. He d. in lflB2, and wae «. by his gnmdaon, 

ROBERT D'ARCY, third Earl of Holderaeas, 
ftnt commiariflner of trade in 17I8, and sworn of 
the priry oounciL His lordihip m. Frederica, eldest 
emrlving dau|^ter and 00-heir of Meinhardt Schom- 
berg, Duke of Sdiomberg, and had issue, 
Meinhardt'Prederic, who d, young. 
RoBsnT, sttccenor to the honoun. 

. CaroBaa, m. to William-Henry, Earl of An- 
cram, afterwards (fourth) Marquess of Lo- 
thian. 
The earl d, fiOth January, 17S1-8* and was #. by his 
only snnriiing son, 

ROBERT D'ARCY, fourth Earl of Holdemess. 
His lordahip was appointed, hi 1740, knd-lieutsnant 
of the North Riding of Yorkshire, and in the 161- 
lowiag year, was admitted gentleman of his ma- 
jesty's bed-dkamber. In June, 1744, he was accre- 
dited a m bassador to the republic of Venice t in 1740, 
minister plenipotentiary to the states-general of the 
United provinces— and in 1751, his lordship was con- 
stituted one of the prindpiJ secretaries of sUte, and 
sworn of the privy coundL In 17A8, he was ap- 
polBtad one of the lords Justices during the king's 
sb sen cc at Hanover. He resigned the secretaryship 
of state* but was reappointed in 17M. He was sub- 
sequently admiral and warden of the Cinque ports. 
His knddilp m. at the Hague, in November, 1742, 
Mary, daughter of Francis Doublet, member of the 
Stales of Holland, by whom he had issue, 

g^ } both died young before the 

Amelia, 6. Uth OctiAer, 1754— m. first, in 1773, 
Fnmds-Oodolphin, then Marquess of Car- 
marthen, afterwards ilfth Duke of Leeds, by 
whom she had issue, 

Osoaos - William - FaKnaaic, present 
Duke of Leeds. 

Frands-Oodolphin Osborne (Lord). 

Mary-Henrletta-Juliana, in. to Thomas, 
second Earl of Chicherter. 
Her ladyship being divorced fhmi the Mar- 
quess, by act of Parliament in May, 177^^ 
m. secondly, John Byron, Esq., and, had an 
only surviving daughter, 

Augtuta-Mary Byron, 6. Mth January, 
17B3, m. In 1807 to John Leigh, Eaq. 
Lady Conyers (to which dignity she suc- 
ceeded at the decease of her father,) d, in 
1784, and Ci^>tain Byron m. subsequently 
Miss Gordon, by whom he was fttther of 
(an only son,) 



ByvoB, the oaMmliil 
Lord Byran. 
The Eari of Holdemess Ate 1778. when the Eaai^ 
DOM, for want of male issue, became extinct, as 
did the Barony of D'Arcy, created by the patent of 
1041, but the Barony of " CoirYaaa** devolved 
upon his only surviving daughter, Amdia, then 
Mardihrnessof Carmarthan, and at her ladyship^ 
dece ase passed to her ddsst son, 

George- William-Frederick, present Duke of 



ABMa.— As. 

dnquefoUs, ar. 



semte of 



andthfae 



JSui 
ihy 



DAUBENEY—BARONS DAUBENEY, 

EARL OF BRIDGE- 
WATER, 

by Writ ci\ datadSnd November, UtO, 
Summons, F 83 Edward I. 

p^^ J dated 13th Mardi, 1488. 
Earidom* by LettMs Patent, dated I9th July, 1538. 

XCncagt. 

Amongst the most distinguished companions te arms 
of the Conqueror, was 

ROBERT DE TODENI, a nobleman of Nor- 
mandy, upon whom the victorious monarch con- 
forrsd, with numerous other grants, an estate te the 
county of Lincoln, upon the borders of Leicester- 
shire. Here De Todeni erected a statdy castle, and 
ftom the/Wr vimo it commanded, gave it the desig- 
nation of Bblvoib Castlb, and here he established 
his chief abode. At the time of the general survey 
this powerful personage possessed no less than el^ty 
extendve lordships, vis., two in Yorkshire, one te 
Essex, four in Suffolk, one in Cambridge, two te 
Hertfordshire, three In Bucks, four in Gloucester- 
shire, three in Bedfordshire, nine in Northampton- 
shire, two te Rutland, thirty-two te Lincolnshire, 
and seventeen te Ldcestsrshire. *' Of this Robert,** 
saith Dttgdale, •« I have not seen any other memo- 
rial, than that the Coudier-Book of Bdvofar re- 
cordeth : which Is, that bearing a venerable esteem 
to our someUme much celebrated protomartyr, St. 
Alban, he founded, near to his castle, a priory for 
monks, and np^**^ it as a ceO to that great abbey 
in Hertfordshire, formerly erected by the devout 
King Oilk, te honour of that most holy man.** 
Robert de Todeni, Lord of Bdvoir, d. te 1088, Beav 
teg issue by his wifo Adda, vis, 

William, who sssumed, ftom what reason is 
unascertained, the surname of Albini, and 
was known as " William de Albtei, Brito,** 
te contradistinctian to another great barony 
•' WllUam de Albtei, Ptecema," fkom whom 
the Earls of Anmdel descended. 
Beringar, who had divers lordships in the- 
county of York, as wdl as others te Lincotej^ 
Oxford, and Nottinghamshlres, 
Geo^nry. 
Robert. 

Agnes, m. to Hubert de Ryai a parson ofnota 
in Lincolnshira 
He was «. by his eMest son« 

183 



DAU 



DAU 



WILLIAM DE ALBINI. Briit, Lord of Bdvolr, 
who, in the duptbr House of St. Albuu, oonflrmed 
all the grants of hi* Cither and mother to the church 
of our Udy at Belvoir, desiring that he might be 
admitted in the fraternity as those his parents had 
been. This £nidal lord acquired great renown at 
thecdebrated battle of Tenercbebyt in Normandy, 
where, commanding the hone, he charged the 
enemy with so much spirit, that he determined at 
moe the fste of the day. Of the exploit, Matthew 
Paris says, ** In this encounter chiefly deserreth 
hoaour the most heroic William de Albini, the 
Briton, who, with his sword, broke through the 
enemy, and terminated the battle." He subse- 
quently adhered to the Empress Maud, and had 
his castle of Belvoir, with aU his other lands, seised 
by King Stephen, and transferred to Ranulph, Earl 
of Chester. He m. Maud, daughter of Simon de 
St. Lis, first Earl of Huntingdon, widow of Robert, 
son of Ridiard de Tunbridge, and dying about the 
year llfffi, left two sons, vis. 

1. Wii.i'iAM, sumamed Mbbcouvbs, and 
likewise BaiTO, who hadBaLTOia CAaTx.s, 
and a considerable portion of his lands, re- 
stored by King Henry 11. In the 14th of 
which mimarch's- reign he died, and was «. 
by his son, 

William db Albini, feudal Lord of 
Belvoir, .who, in the 6th of Richard L, 
was with that monarch in the army in 
Normandy. And the next year was 
sheriff of the counties of Warwick and 
Leicester, as he was subsequently of 
Rutlandshire. In the Snd of King 
John he had special license to make a 
park at Stoke in Northampton, and 
liberty to hunt the fox and hare, (it 
lying within the royal forest of Rock- 
ingham.) Afterwards, however, he took 
up arms with the other barons, and 
leaving Belvoir well fortified, he as- 
sumed the governorship of Rochester 
Castle, which he held out for three 
months against the Royalists, and ulti- 
mately only surrendered when reduced 
to the last state of famine. Upon the 
surrender of Rochester William Albini 
was sent prisoner to Corfe Castle, and 
there detained until his freedom became 
one of the conditions upon which B^ 
voir capitulated, and until he paid a 
ransom of six thousand marks. In the 
reign of Henry III. we find him upon 
the other side, and a principal com- 
mander at the battle of Lincoln, anno 
1217, where his former associates sus- 
tained so signal a defeat. This stout 
baron, who had been one of the cele- 
brated TWBNTY-rivB, appointed to 
enforce the observance of Maoha 
Charta^«i, first, Margery, daughter 
of Odonel de UmframviUei by whom 
he had issue, 
William. 
Robert. 
Nicholas. 
164 



He espoused, seoooAy, Agatha, dau^- 
ter and co-heir of William Trusbut, 
and dying in 1236, was «. by his eldest 



William um Albini, feudal Lord of 
Belvoir, who, like his father, ad- 
hered firmly to King Henry III. 
He iM. first, Albreda Bireth, aod 
secondly, Isabel , and left 

issue, an only daughter and 
heiress, 
laABBL OB Albini, who m. 
Robert de Ros, Lord Roa of 
Hamlake. (see that dignity,) 
and conveyed to him the 
feudal barony and castle of 
Bblvoib, which eventually 
passed tioai the family ot 
Ros to that of Manners, by 
which they are now enjoyed 
in the person of the Ditkb 
or Rutland. 
S. Ralph. 
The second son of William de Albini, Brito, 

RALPH DE ALBINI, obtained fifteen knights' 
fees from his brother William, in the 12th of 
Henry II., and in the 28th of the same reign, he 
gave two hundred marks for license to marry the 
mother of Etarard de Ross, (whose name was Sibilla 
de Valoines.) Thte feudal baron, who founded 
some religious houses, died at Acre, in the Holy 
Land, in 1190, and was «. by 

PHILIP DE ALBINI, who, in the 8th of King 
John, was governor of Ludlow Castle, in Shropshire, 
and in six years afterwards of the Isle of Jersey. 
He was subsequently governor of the castle of 
Bridgenorth, and he obtained some territorial grants 
from the crown ; but notwithstanding those favours, 
he enrolled himself under the baronial banner, and 
participated in the triumph of Rvnnimbob. Again, 
however, he changed his colours, and adhered to 
King John during the remainder of his reign. Upon 
the accession of Henry III. he sssisted at that mo- 
narch's coronation, and was one of his principal 
generals at the battle of Lincoln. Independently, 
however, of his military renown, he appears to have 
acquired the reputation of a man of learning, and 
Matthew Paris designates him *< a most faithAil 
teacher and instructor of the king." In this reign 
he was governor of Guernsey and Jersey, and gover- 
nor of the castle of Devises. Ultimately being 
signed with the cross, he repaired to the Holy Land, 
and dying there was «. by his nephew, 

Ptf ILIP DE ALBINI, who had acted as lieu- 
tenant to his uncle in the government of Guernsey 
and Jersey, and in the 8th of Henry III. had the 
hundred of Wichton granted to him for his better 
support in the king's servicer He was «. at his 
decease by his brother, 

ELIAS DAUBENEV, who was summoned to 
parliament ss a babon, from 2nd November, 1296, 
to 22ad January, IdOff. HU lordship was «. at his 
decease by his son, 

SIR RALPH DAUBENEV, second baron, sum- 
moned to parliament 20th February, 1342. This 
nobleman was one of the Knights of the Bath, 



DAU 



DBD 



ited in tha Mth Edward II., Md iMd 
his lobM as a bannareL In tha 8th of Edwaid IlL 
]i0 was in the expaditkm than made into Scotland, 
-and again in a timilar expedition made in four yean 
afterwards. His lordship m. first, Katherine, daugh- 
ter of William da Thweng. Lord Thweng, and 
aister and oo-heir of Thomas da Thweng, Lord 
Thweng, a priest, by whom he had an only 
daughter, 

Klizabmtv, in. to Sir William Bodreaux, 
Knt. 
The baron espoused secondly, Alice Montacute, 
daughter of Lord Montacute, and had a son, 

SIR GILES DAUBENEY. Knt.. third baron, 
but never summoned to parliament. This noble- 
man m. Alienor, daughter of Henry de WyUngton, 
and was «. by his son, 

GILES DAUBENEY, fimrth baron, but never 
summoned to parliament This Giles was sheriff of 
Bedfordshire and Bucks, in the 10th Henry VL He 
d. about the year 1444, and was «. by his son, 

WILLIAM DAUBENEY, fifth baron, but never 
summoned to parliament, who, doing homage in 
the 24th Henry VL, had livery of his lands : and in 
the following year obtained a royal charter for a 
fair at his lordship of South PsoaiiTON. To this 
William «. his son, 

GILES DAUBENEY, sixth baron, who in the 
17th Edward IV. being one of the esquires of the 
body to the king, had, in consideration of his many 
services, a grant for life of the custody of the 
King's Park at Petherton, near Bridgewater. Upon 
the accession of Richard III. he appears to have been 
one of the fizst consulted by the friends of the Earl 
of Richmond, utd to have cordially joined in the 
conspiracy to place that nobleman upon the throne. 
Which, being acoomplisbed by the victory of Bos- 
worth, he was made one of the new monarch, Henry 
the Seventh's, chief counsellors— appointed consta. 
Ue of the castle of Bristol, master of the Mint, and 
created by letters patent, dated 12th March, 1486,« 
LoBD DAUBsnav. In the 2nd of Henry VII. his 
lordship was retained by indenture to serve the king 
in his fleet at sea; and in the next year he was consti- 
tuted one of the chamberlains of the exchequer. 
He was afterwards Joined with Richard Fox, Bishop 
of Exeter, in an embassy to France, and subse- 
quently made Justice Itinerant with Sir Reginald 
Bray, of all the king's forests on the south of Trent. 
Upon the fall of Sir William Stanley, in the 10th of 
Henry VII.. Lord Daubeney succeeded to the lord 
cbamberlainship of the king's hoiuehold. In the 
12th of the same reign his lordship was about to 
march at the head of a large army into Scotland, 
but his course was diverted by the insurrection of 
Lord Audley and the Comishmen : and he partici- 
pated in the victory obtained over those rebels at 
Blackheath— as he did in that of Taunton, the next 
year, achieved over Perkin Warbeck and his parti- 
sans. In the 19th of Henry VII. he was made con- 

• The original barony does not H>p«Ar to have 
been assumed from the period of the demise of Sir 
Ralph Daubeney, who had summons in 1348. This 
patent was probably but a cooflnnatloo of the dig- 
nity already -in the fiunily. 



ataUe oTtlM caatla oC BridfevMer, nd he had 
prevkmsly been honoured with the Garter. Hie 
kwdship m. Elisabeth, daughter of Sir John Arun- 
del, of Lanham, in Cornwall* by whom be had 
issue, 

Hbnry, his successor. 

Cedly, m. to John Bourchier, Lord Fits- 
Warine^ afterwards Earl of Bath. 
He d. 28th May, 1007, and was «. by his son, 

HENRY DAUBENEY, second baron under the 
new creation, but seventh of the old, who was 
created Earl or BninonwATsn on the 19tfa July, 
163& His ksrdship m. Lady Catherine Howard, 
daughter of Thomas, Duke of NorfUk, but had no 
issuer He d. in 1M8, when the BAnon v or Dau- 
BSMBY, created in I486, and the £Ami.noM or 
BniDOBWATan, became bxtiitct— but the ba- 
BowY created by the writ of Edward L, anno 12W, 
should have passed to his sister Cedly, Conntess of 
Bath, and it is probably now vested in the descen- 
dants of that lady, if such existi if not, it is in 
the heirs general of Elias, the first Babon Dau- 

BBMBY. 

ABM8.— Gules, four loaengas in U 



D'AUNEY— BARON D'AUNEY. 
By Writ of Summons, 1 Edward III. 

Xincagc. 

NICHOLAS D'AUNBY, lord of the manor of 
Shunock, in Cornwall, was summoned to parlia- 
ment, as a Barow, in the 1st of Edward IIL, but 
never afterwards, nor any of his posterity. His 
lordship made a Journey to the Holy Land, whence 
he brought home a rich and curious medal, said to 
be yet in the possession of the family of Burton- 
Dawnay, Viscounts Downe; in Ireland, whidrdaims 
descent firom this nobleman. 

ABJis.— Ar. a bend sa. betw.two oottJaes ax. 

DE DREUX — EARLS OF RICH- 

MOND. 

Creation of WiDiam the Conqueror. 
By Letters Patent, dated 6th July, 88 Henry IIL 

Xincagc. 

The first Eabl or RicHMoirn was 

ALAN, sumamed Rurua or Fbhoauitt, (by 
reason of his red hair,) son of Eudo. Earl of Bri- 
tanny, in France t which Alan coming over'Hnto 
England with the Conqueror, commanded the rear 
of his army in the memorable battle of Hastings, 
and for his services upon that occasion, and at the 
siege of York, obtained the Eabj^dom or Ricb- 
Moivn, with all the northern part of the county of 
York, vulgarly denominated Richmondshire, pre- 
viously the honour and county of Edwyne, the 
Saxon, Earl of Merda. This nobleman was es- 
teemed a personage of great courfve and abili^— 
and bia benefactions to the church were munificent 
He m. Constance, daughter of King WilUam the 
Conqueror, but had no isaue^ The earL who was 
likewise Earl of Britanny, died in 1060, and was «. 
by his brother, 

ALAN NIGER* Moond Karl of Richmond, and 

16» 



D£D 



D£D 



Bnl of BHtaaoy. This notalenmi wai abo a very 
liberal benefector to the churdi. He A in 1009, utd 
leaving no iMue, wat ■. by hit brother, 
STEPHEN, third Earl of Richmond, and Earl 

of Brltauny. This nobleman m. , daughter of 

the Earl of Ouingampe, and had iasue^ 
Alan, hit tucoeMor. 

Henry, who had by diarter of King Henry IL, 
Waltham In EsBex, the Stoke in the county 
of Lincoln, to hold in fee, as Stephen his 
Aither had it given to him, temp. Henry L 
GeoflRery, sumamed BottferdL 
Maud, m. to Walter, son of Oilbert de Gant 
The earl d. in 1104, and was «. by his son, 

ALAN, sumamed the Savage, fourth Earl of 
Richmond, and Earl of Brltanny. This nobleman 
was an active partisan of King Stephen's in his con* 
test with the Empreas Maud. In 1148, he took the 
castle of Lincoln, with considerable treasure, from 
Ranulph, Earl of Chester, by scaling the walls at 
night He also garrisoned the Castle of IIotvk, in- 
Yorkshire, then part of Uie Bishop of Durham's 
possessions, and made great spoil at Ripon, upon 
the demesnes and tenants of the Archbishop of 
York. This Alan* who is described as a most d»> 
ceitAil, wicked penon, wrote hinudf Earl of Brl- 
tanny, Cornwall, and Richmond ; but notwithstand- 
ing that character, he appears, like his progenitors, 
to have been a munificent benefactor to the church. 
His lordship m. Bertha, eldest daughter and co- 
heir of Conan le Groase, and had issuer 
CoiTAir LB Pbtit, his sucoeisor. 
Brian, father of Alan, Lord of BedalAi 
Guy, ancestor of the Barons Strange. 
Reginald. 
Hed. in 1165, and was «. by his ddest son, 

CONAN LE PETIT, fifth Earl of Richmond, 
who bore also the title of Duk« of Britanny. Little 
more is recorded of this nobleman, than his numer- 
ous grants to the dmrch. He m. Margaret, daughter 
of Henry, Earl of Huntingdon, and sister of Wil- 
liam, King of Scotland, by whom he had an only 
daughter, 

CoNSTANCB, who m. first, GeoflVey Plantage- 
•net, fourth son of King Henry IL, and had 
issue, 
Abtbve, said to be put to death by his 

uncle John, afterwards King John. 
Eleanor, called Le Brit, died «. p. 
, daughter, name unknown. 
Oeoll^ Plantagenet was accidentally slain 
m a tournament, at Paris, In the twenty- 
eighth year of his age. His widow, Con- 
stance, of Britanny, eq>oused, leoondly, 
Ralph db Blondvillb, Earl of Chester, 
but ftom him she was loon afterwards 
divorced, and she married, thirdly, Ginr, 
ViacouifT or Thouabs, by whom she had 
two daughters, via.~ 

AltcM, in. to Pbtbb db Dbbdx. 
Katherine, m. to Andrew de Vitre, in 
Britanny. 
The three husbands of Constance are aaid 
to have been Eabls or Richmond /tuv 
uMfitt but It is very questionable how Uit 
they were entitled to the dignity, 
let 



Conan, fifth Earl of Richmond, d. tai 1171, and hli 
grandson, 

PETER DE DREUX, (called Mavdete,) ob- 
tained on 0th July, 1968, a grant of the dignities of 
Eabl or Richmond, and Duke of Britanny : but 
he does not appear to havee^}oyed the whide honour 
of Ridmiond, for in 1941, we find a grant ftom 
King Henry IIL, to Peter de Savoy,a of divers 
towns, castles, manors, lands, Ac., belonging to the 
Honour of Ridunond. This nohlanan had isstte 
by Alice, coheir of Constance of Britanny, 
John, his successor. 

J<rfand, M. to Hugh le Brun, Earl of PIcardy. 
His lordship d. about the year 1250, but previoudy, 
his son, 

JOHN DE DREUX, seems to have become Earl 
of Richmond, and in the fiOth of Hairy IIL, had 
livery of the Honour of Richmond, from Qulschard 

* Peter de Savoy. This distinguished fordgner 
was uncle of EInnor, Queen consort of King 
Henry III. Matthew Paris, taking notice of his 
coming into England, in 1941, saith, *« That the 
king gave him ComUatum RMumundUe, the Earldom 
of Richmond," which it seems he ei^oyed for some 
time, " though it doth not appear," says Dugdale, 
** by any record I have seen, that he either used, 
or had the title attributed to him, until fiOth 
Henry III.. Upon his arrival here," continues Dug- 
dale, "certahi it Is, that the king entertained him 
with much joy, and made him chief of his council ; 
after whidi, ere kmg, he held a tournament at 
Northampton, agunst Roger Bigod, Earl of Nor- 
folk, to the end, that those aliens who came into 
England with him and othen, might try masteries 
with the English. And the nextensuingyear, fearing 
that his power and trust here might be displeasing 
to the English, prudently resigned the custody of 
those castles which had been committed to his 
charge, craving leave to return into his own coun- 
try. But I do not discern that he went out of 
Enghmd accordingly t for before the end of that 
yesT, the king's subjects, in Poictou, being in no 
little fear of invasion from the French, and earnestly 
soliciting King Henry for some idd, he sent over 
this Peter de Savoy, with Peter de EgueUanch, 
Bishop of Hereford, to let them know that he was 
preparing to come speedily to them In person, with 
a very great power. In the 30th Henry III., the 
king granted to Peter de Savoy, the inheritance of 
those houses in the street, called the Strand, in the 
suburbs of Lond(m, and adjoining the river of 
Thames, formerly bekmging to Brian de Lisle; 
paying yearty to the king's exchequer, three barbed 
arrows for all services; which houses. Queen 
Eleanor, in her widowhood, having obt^ned by 
purchase ftom the Provost and Chapter of the 
House of Mountjoy, granted to Edmund, her son, 
afterwards Earl of Lancaster." Here was erected 
the palace, called the Savoy. 

Peter de Savoy, unde of Queen Eleanor, Is often 
included (says the General Report of the Lords 
Committee, on the dignity of a Peer of the Realm,) 
in the lists of Earls of Richmond, but it is evident 
that he only obtained a grant of the Honour of 
Richmond, and never used the titla 



BJBD 



DED 



dtdmmii* AMnmt to P«tar of Ssvoy* who ted 
•uthoiity for granting the mum. Having thus ae- 
qvirad PetOT de Savoy'i title, tiie Ung, by lotton 
potMit, dated 6th Jttl7« 1288, co nf eiied upon him 
tni hiM hdn, under the derignetion of JMn, Duk& 
^BHftnmifythe Eahldom ov Ricbmoitd, with the 
GeMle and Honour of Richmond, Ac., in fee 
Soon after thia, he obtained a grant from the Icing 
of tlie Honour and Rape of Haatinga t and the next 
year, he attended Prince Edward to. the Holy Lend. 
Hia lordship mt. Blanch, daughter of Theobald, 
King of Navarre, and dying in 1986, was*, by his son, 
JOHN DE DREUX, Earl of Richmond, and 
Duke of Britanny. This nobleman was an eminent 
military leader, in the reigns of Edward L, and 
Edward IL In U98, he bad the command of tlie 
ftMces then sent into Gesoony, end the ensuing year, 
bsing the king's lieutenant in Britanny, he was 
Joined in commission with the leneschal of Aqui- 
tane^ and others, to conclude a league of amity with 
the King of Castile. In 1300, he wss with King 
Edward in the wars of Scotland ; and in 1305, he 
was ooiMtitnted the king's Ueutcnant in ttet king^ 
dom : as he was again upon the arffsilon of King 
Edward II. In the Iflth of which latter monarch's 
reign, the Earl of Richmond waa one of the ambas- 
aadors deputed to the King of Pranoe, for securing 
the Duchy of Aquitane flrom Airther spoil fkom the 
Frsndi. Hia lordship espoused the Lady Beatrix 
Piantagenet, daughter of King Henry IIL, and had 
aunriving issue, 

AaTHim, who inherited the Dukedom of 
Britanny, and whose son, 

JoBK, «. his unde in the Earldom of 
Richmond* 

JoBir, of whom presently, as Inheritor of the 
Earldom of Riclunond. 

Blanch m, to Philip, son of Robert, Earl of 
Artoia. 

Gray, m, to Guy Castilion, Earl of St. PauL 

AUoe, Abbesi of Fount Eueroes. 
He d. in 1306, and was a. by his younger son, 

JOHN DE DREUX, as Earl of Richmond, who 
waa lummoned to perliament as « Johanni Britan- 
nia Juniori,** in the S3d. Edward L, and the next 
year as BakL op Ricbmoko. He died, however, 
Ui 1334, without issue, and waa s. by his nephew, 

JOHN DE DREUX, Duke of Britanny, who 
did his homage ftnr the Eari.dom op Ricbmoito, 
and waa summoned to parliament as Johanni 
Dud Britannia, and Comlti Richmund,** on 1st 
April, 1335, and SSnd January, 1336. This noble- 
man M. first, Isabd, daughter of Charles, Earl of 
Valoist secondly, Blanch, daughter of the King of 
Caatille; and thirdly, Marj^iet, daughter of Ed- 
ward, Earl of Savoy, but had no issueu He d. in 
1341, when his niece, Joane,« daughter of his 



• This lady m. Charies, second son of Guy, Earl 
of Blois, who laid dalm in her right, to the Dudiy 
of Britanny, which caused a procrastinated war, 
wherein England and France became involved- 
one espousing the dalm of John de Brenon, half- 
brother of the deceased, Duke John ; the other 
that of Charles, of Blois, which latter was cartataily 



brother Ouy, was conetitnted his heir, but the 
KABLnoM OP RicBMoirn reverted to tiie crown- 
when King Edward HI. crsated, on tte flOth Sep. 
tember, 134S, 

JOHN PLaNTAGENET, sumamed of «« Gaunt,** 
his younger son, Eael op Ricbmond, but this 
prince resigned the dignity in 137S, when it waa 
conltsrred upon 

JOHN DE DREUX, sumamed Ds Btmm, Bart 
of Montford, half-brother of the last John, Duke 
of Britanny and Richmond. This noblemen being 
deprived by the King of France of his Earldom of 
Montfort, tm siding with King Edward III., had 
the Eabldom op Ricbmono from the English 
monarch in its stead, with the castle town, and 
honour of Richmond. His lordship was oooetantly 
engaged with King Edward, in the wan of France, 
but ultimately lUllng into the hands of his great 
foe, Charles of BMs, he was sent to Paris, and 
thne died in prison, about the year 1375, leav- 
ing issue by Joene, his wilb, daughter of Charles, 
King of Navarre— a daughter, Joene, who m. Ralph, 
Lord Basiet, of Drayton, and a son, his succewor, 

JOHN DE DREUX, (sumamed the VmUmtt,) hi 
the EABjLnoM op Rigbmobd. This nobleman in 
the 1st Richard II., was retained by indenture to 
serve the king, in his French wars, for one quarter 
of a year, with two hundred men at arms, (himself 
accounted,) twdve knights, and one hundred and 
dghty-seven ardiers. And the next year, in consi- 
deration of the Castle of Brest in Britanny, which 
he ddivered up to King Ridiard, obtained a grant 
to himself, and Joane, his wife, sister of the king, 
of the castle and mamir of Ribino, in the county of 
Norfolk. In the 3rd of the same reign, bearing the 
titles of Duke of Britanny, Earl of Montfort, and 
Eabl op Ricbmobd, he was in the wan of France, 
but shortly after this, deserting the bsnner of Eng- 
land for that of France, all his lands in the former 
kingdom were seised, and he was deprived of the 
E&BLDOM OP Ricbmond, by special act of perils 
mcnt, 7th Richard II., November 1383L He is said 
to have been afterwards restored to the dignity, but 
with the proviso, that If he died without lisue, the 
earldom and honour should revert to the king; In 
the 14th Richard II, It was however again adiudged 
to be POBPBITBD, and thus terminated the ftunily 
of Db Dbbux, EABi.a op Ricbmond. The last 
Earl m. the lady Mary Piantagenet, daughter of 
King Edward III., and had Issue, 

JoBN, Duke of Britanny, who had Issue, 
Pbtbb, 1 both Dukes of Britenny, and 
Fbancbb, j both died without lasue^ 
Richard, Eari of Estampes, married Mar- 
garet of Orleans, and was flither of 

FBANCia, Duke of Britanny, who 
espoused Margaret, of Foix, and had 
a daughter, 

Annb, heiieii of Britanny, who 
espoused Lbwis XIL, Kino op 
Fbancb, end thus annexed the 
DucBY OP Bbitannt to the 
crown of France. 



the more iBglilinalet the Lady 
of Guy* brother of the whole 



being daughter 
tottedukei 
167 



DEI 



DEI 



Abms.— Of Abm Fergaunt* *! Cbcquy or and 
and hi* immediate de- >as. a Caatcm 
•oendants. J arm.— 

Of De Dreux. The same. 

DEINCOURT — BARONS DEIN. 

COURT. 

By Writ of Snmmona, dated 6th FH>raary, 1S90> 

27 Edward I. 

By Writ of Summonf , dated 27th January, 19SS, 

6 Edward III. 

Xiiuagc. 

WALTER DEINCOURTt one of the distin- 
guished companions in arms of the Conqueror, ob- 
tained as his portion of the spoil from the first Wil- 
liam, no less than sixty-seven lordships, in different 
eountles, of which Blankney, in the county of 
Lincoln, was his principal aeat, and head of his 
feudal barony. ** This Walter," says Dugdale, 
«« had a son called William, probably the eldest, 
who, haTing his eduoUion in the court of King 
William Rufus, there died upon the 3rd of the 
calends of NoTcmber, as appeareth by this inscrip- 
tion made on a plate of lead, in Saxon c^>ital let- 
tecs, with abbreviations ; and lately found in his 
grave in the church-yard, near to the west door of 
the cathedral church at Lincoln.** 
<* Hie Jaoet Wilbblmub Alius Waltbri Aibh- 
cvBinwBia, 
Consangttinei Remigii Episcopi Licolibvsib, 

qui banc 
Ecdesiam fedt. Prsefatus Wilhblkub. Regit 
sdrpe progenitus, dum in curia Regis Wii.- 

RBLMI (fllii 
magni Regis WiLHsiiMi, qui Angliam oonqui- 

rivit) aleretur, 
9" Kalendas Novcmbris obiit." 
To' Walter Deincourt, succeeded his son, 

RALPH DEINCOURT, who founded the Au- 
gustine priory of Thuigarton, in the county of 
Nottingham. This lisudal lord had issue, 
Waltbb. 
Hugh. 
Ralph 

Aelinda> m. to Thomas lyArey, and was «. by 

his ddest son, 

WALTER DEINCOURT. This nobleman was 

a great benefactor to St. Mary's Abbey, at York. 

He d. about the year 1187» and was «. by his eldest 

surviving son, 

JOHN DEINCOURT, who. inthettnd Henry 
IL, paid twenty marks in Nottinghamshire, for 
trespassing in the king's forests, and ten marks in 
NorthamptoBsUre, for a similar transgression. 
This John m. Alice, daughter of Ralph Murdach, 
and had three sons, viz., Olitbr, William, and 
Nicholas. By the dldest of whom, he was s. at his 



OLIVER DEINCOURT, who was employed in 
Normandy, in the king's service, in the rogn of 
Richard*I., and died in the beginning of the ensuing 
rdgn, whan be waa «. by his son, 

OLIVER DEINCOURT, then a minor, for 
whose waidiUp JflliBi BialKip of Norwidu |«U a 



fine of four hundred marks to the king. This 
feudal lord Joined the baronial standard against 
King John, but little farther is known regarding 
him. He m. Nichola, niece of Nichola de Haya, a 
lady of importance in the county of Lincoln, and 
was s. at bis decease by his son, 

JOHN DEINCOURT, who upon the death of 
his father, in the 30th Henry III., paid a hundred 
pounds for his relief, and had livery of the lands at 
his inheritance. This John died within ten or 
twelve years afterwards, leaving three sons, via. 
Edmund. 
William. 
John. 
And was «. by the eldest, 

EDMUND DEINCOURT, who was summoned 
to pariiament as a Baron, on the 6th February, 
1299, having participated previously in the French 
and Scottish wars of King Edward I. Hk lordship 
had an only son, Edmund, who died in his life-time, 
leaving one daughter, Isabbu Upon the death of 
his son. Lord Deincourt, to perpetuate his own 
NAMB and ARMS, which with his grand-daughter 
should of course cease, he obtained special license 
tram the crown, in the 7th year of King Edward IL, 
to entMl his lands, 8cc, upon whomsoever he 
thought proper, and he -accordingly settled the 
whole of his territorial possessions, upon his bro- 
thers primogenitureily, and th^ male heirs for ever. 
He d. in 1387, when the Barony devcdved upon his 
grand-daughter, the aforesaid Isabel; and ii proba- 
bly still in ABBYANCB, amongst her descendants 
and representatives, while the estates passed accord- 
ing to the entail upon his next broth^, 

WILLIAM DEINCOURT, who was summoned 
to pariiament as Babon Dbincourt, from 27th 
January, 1332, to 1st of June 1383L This nobleman 
was one of the eminent warriors of the martial 
reign of King Edward III., and participated for a 
aeries of years in the glorious achievements on the 
French soil. His lordship m. Milioent, daughter 
of William, Lord Roos, of Hamlake, and had 
issue, 

William, who d. in the life-time of his father, 
leaving an only son, 
William. 
Margaret, m. to Robert de TibetoL 
Lord Ddncourt, d. in 1379, and was «. by his grand- 



WILLIAM DEINCOURT, second Baron Dein- 
court, summoned to parliament firom the 90th 
August, 1380, to 82ttd August, 1381. This noble* 
man in. first, Margaret, daughter of Adam de Welle, 
by whom he had no issue, and secondly, AUoe« 
daughter of J<dm, Lord Nevil, by whom he had, 

Ralph, Us successor. 

John, successor to his brother. 

Robert, of Deincourt Hall, in the county of 
Lincoln, died «. p, in the 21st Henry VI. 
His lordship d. 15th October, 1381, and was s^ by his 



RALPH DEINCOURT, third Baron Deincourt, 
but never summoned to parliament. This nobleman 
d. a minor, and unmarried in 1400, when the title 
and fortune devolved upon his brother, 

JOHN DEINCOURT, feuttb Baron Deincmut, 



D*£I 



DEL 



Imt iMTflr rommwiM to ptatUmmtmL Hb lordship 
m. Jomae, only daughter and heireH of Sir Robert 
de Grey, Knt., Lord Grey, of Rotherfield, by whom 
hefaadlKue, 

WI1.LIAM* hit succeenr. 
AUoe, IN. lint, to Ralph, Lord Botder, of 
Sudley, by whom the had no isnie, and 
■eooodly, to William, Lord Lovell, of Tich- 



MargareC, m, to Ralph, Lord Cromwell, but 
died*, p. 
He d. 11th May, 1406, and was «. by hia son, 

WILLIAM DEINCOURT, fifth Banm Dein- 
court. His lordship m. Eliaabeth, sitter of John, 
Viscount Beaumont, bat died in minority, without 
iasue, anno 14S2, leaTing his two sisters, his oo- 
bcirs: tis. 

Alice, Lady Lovdl, and Margaret, Lady Crom- 
well, but the latter dying without issue, the 
BAnowY ov DsuroornT became then 
vested <the abeyance terminating,) in Lord 
and Lady Lordl's grandson, FtmuU, Via- 
coumr LoTBLi*, K.G., under whose attamdcr 
it etrentually bxpibbd in 1487* See Lovell, 
Barons Lordl, of Tlchmerch. 
Abm8.-^A8. a Fess indented betwean ten Billets 
or. four in chief, six in basc^ 

D'EIVILL— BARON D'EIVILL. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 14th December, U64, 
49 Henry IIL 

Xintagc. 

In the reign of the First Henry, Niobl dx Albibi, 
being enftollbd of the manor of Sgmtmtom, in the 
county of Nottingham, by the crown, conferred it 
upon 
ROBERT D'EIVILL, ttoia whom descended 



ROBERT D^IVILL, who, in the Ifith King 
John, attended that monarch in hia expedition into 
Poictou, and in the 20th Henry III. had summons 
to fit himsdf with hone and arms, and to aooom- 
pany the king into Oasoony. To this Robert «. 

JOHN D'EIVILL, who, in the SBth Henry IIL, 
was forced to fiy the country under an exoommunir 
cation, but soon afterwards having made his peace, 
had permission to return, for in the third year foK 
lowing we find him constituted Jtistioe of all the' 
forests beyond Trent, and the next year the King 
of Scots, King Henry's son-in-law, being in restraint 
by his own suhlects, he, with other of the northern 
barons, received summons to fit himself with hone 
and arms, and to be ready on command, to mardi 
Into Seothmd for the captive monarch's rescue^ In 
the 44th Henry III. he was again constituted warden 
of aU the forests north of Trent. So, likewise, in 
three y^kn afterwards, irhen be was appointed go- 
vernor of the Castle at York, and the next yaar he 
obtained license to erect a castle at a place called 
HoDB, in Yorkshire, in whldi year he was consti- 
tuted governor of Scarborough CasUe. After this 
we find him arrayed with the other discontented 
barons against the crown, and so actively cqgi^ged in 
the north, that the sheriiTof Yorkshire could not 



excrdse hi^ oAcelior the king^ service litom Michael- 
mas in the 48th till the battle of Evesham in the 
49th of that rdgn, during which period Henry was 
in the handsof the banns aprisoner, and this foudal 
lord was summoned to parliament, by the com- 
panions then ruling, as Babon I^Eivill. The 
subsequent triumph of the royal cause at Evesham 
terminated for that time, howe;rer, the baronial 
sway, butit did not bring back Lord D'ElviU to his 
allegiance, for Joining Robert, Lord Ferren, hie 
lordship made heed again at Chesterfield, in the 
county of Derby, where, after thecapture of Ferren, 
be was unhorsed by Sir Gilbert Haunsard, but 
eflteted his escape to the Isle of Artxdm^ in the 
county of Lincoln. Under the decree, called the 
** Dictum of Kenilworth," he eventually, however, 
made his peace, and redeemed bis lands by a pecu- 
niary fine. His lordship m. Maude, widow of Sir 
James de Aldithley, without licance, for which 
transgression he paid a fine of £900 to tiie king. Of 
this nobleman nothing further is known, and his 
posterity were never afterwards summoned to par- 
liamenL 
Abm8.~As. a chevron sa. a fleur de lis, or. 

DELAVAL^BARON DELAVAL, OF 
8EATON DELAVAL, IN 
THE COUNTY OF NOR- 
THUMBERLAND. 

By Letten Patent, dated 91st August, 1788. 

Xinfsgc. 

FRANCIS BLAKE DELAVAL, Esq., (descended 
ttom the old feudal Barons De la Val, who flourished 
in the deventh and twelfth centuries,) m. Rhode, 
daughter of Robert Apreeoe, Esq., of Washingly, in 
the county of Huntingdon, by Sarah, daughter, and 
eventually sole heiress of Sir Thomas Hussey, BarL, 
and had issue, 

FBAircie Blakb, who was installed a knight 
of the Bath In March 1781. Sir FiandsBhdte 
Deiaval m. Isabtila, daughter of Thomas, 
sixth Earl of Thanet, and widow of Lord 
Nassau Paulett, but died «. jn in 177L 
John-Hussey, of whom presently. 
Edward-Thomas, d. unmarried in 1787. 
Rhode, m. to Sir Edward Astley, Bart., of 
Meltcm Constable, In the county of Norftdk. 
Anne m. to the Hon. Sir William Stanhope, 
K.B., second son of Philip, third Earl of 
Chesterfield, and after his decease to Cap- 
tain Morris. 
Sarah, ak to John Seville, fint Earl of Mez- 
borough, by whom she was mother of the 
present earL 
Mr. Blake-DeUvald. in 1709, and was «. by his eldest 
son. Sir Francis Blalie'Delaval, K.B., but we pesa 
to the second, 

JOHN HUSSEY DELAVAL, who was crceted 
a BABOMBT in 1761, and upon the decease of his 
brother. Sir Francis, became the r e prese n tative of 
the family. In 1789 he was created a peei of Ire. 
land, as fienm DOaval, at Redford, hi the county 
of Wicklow, and enrolled amongst the peen of 
Great Britain on the 91st August, 1786, in the dig- 
Z 109 



DEN 



DEN 



t&ty of BAitON DcLA^AL, o/SooAm D^vAl, in tfa 
eountv €f NorthutiU)erland, His lordship m. fint« 
Susannah, daughter of R. Robinson, Esq., and 
widow of John Potter, Esq., by whom (wlio d. Ist 
October, 1783)* he had issue, 

John, b. in 1755, d. in 1775, unmarried. 
Sophia-Anne, m. to ^~ Jadis, Esq., and d, 

84th Jul7,.1793L 
Elisabeth, m. 19th May, 1781, to George, 
sixteenth Earl, Lord Audky, and d. in 1785, 
leaving issua 
Frances, m. to John Fenton Cawthom, Esq. 
Sarah, m. to George, Earl of Tyrconnel, by 
wlxnn she left an only daughter, (heiress of 
the earl). 

Lady Susanna Carpenter, who m. Henry, 
second Marquess of Waterford, and 
had with other Children, 

Hkmry, prssbnt Mahqusbb. 
Lord Delaval, m. secondly. Miss Knight, but had 
no issue. He died in May, 1806, when his honoors 
became bxtinct; and his estates devcdred upon 
his daughters as co-heixesses, or their represen- 
tativea. 

Abus. — Quarterly— first and fourth, erm : two 
bars vert s second uid third, a chevron betw. three 
garbs. 

DENMARK, PRINCE OF— DUKE OF 
CUMBERLAND. 

By Act of Parliament, dated 9th April, lG8d. 

Xincagc. 

GEORGE, PRIXCE OF DENMARK, havhig 
espoused her Royal Highness, the Princess Anne, 
youngest daughter of Hit Majaty, King Jamcs II., 
was created Baron Workingham, Earl qf Kendai, 
and DuKX OP Cokbsiiland, with precedency of 
all other dukes, by act of parliament, dated 9th 
April, 1689. He was also constituted Lord High 
Admiral of Great Britain and Ireland, and installed 
a Knight of the Garter. By the princess, who sub- 
sequently to her marriage, ascended the throne as 
QuEBM Annv, the duke had two sons and four 
daughters, all of whom died before the age of 
maturity, and in his lifietime. His own death oc- 
curred in 1706, when his British honours became 

IBXTIMCT. 

ARMa.>-Or. three lions passant guardant ax. 
crowned ppr., and semte of hearts gules. 

DENNY — BARONS DENNY, EARL 
OF NORWICH. 

Barony, by Writ of Summons, dated 97th 

October, 1604, 2 James L 

Earldom, by Letters Patent, S4th October, 1696L 

ICincagt. 

EDWARD DENNV, a Clerk in the Exchequef, 
was constituted King's Remembrancer, in the 90th 
Henry VII. To this Edward «. his son, 

SIR ANTHONY DENNY, who in the reign of 
Henry VIIL, was Gentleman of the Privy Council, 
and Groom of the Stole. TMs was- the only indi- 
vidual, amongst the courtiers, who dared to apprise 
his yoyal master of bis approaching dissolution; 
170 



Henty had, however, so high an esteem for Sitf 
Anthony, that he could perfSorm the sad ofltoe with 
impunity, and the monarch presented him with a 
magnificent pair of gloves worked in pearls. Sir 
Anthony Denny was also constituted one of the 
executors of hu deceased sovereign* and appointed 
to be council to Prince Edward. Sir Anthony was 
«. by his son, 

SIR HENRY DENNY, whom. Honora, daughter 
of William, Lord Grey, of Wilton, and had isftue, 
Edward, (Sir) of whom preMntly. 
Anne, m. to George Goring, Esq., of Hurst 
Pierpont, in the county of Suffolk, and bad 
issue, 

Geo^e Goring, who was created BaroU 
Goring, and Earl of' Norwidi, (se« 
Goring, Earl of Norwich,)— from Ed* 
ward Goring, E^., uncle of this noble- 
man, the Gofings, Baronets, of High- 
den, in Sussex, derive. 
Dorothy, m. to ~^-— Pamey, Esq., of the 

county of Hertford. 
Catherine, m. to George Fleetwood, Esq., of 

Buckinghamshire. 
Elisabeth, d. unmarried. 
Sir Henry was «. at his decease by hb son, 

SIR EDWARD DENNY, Knt., so created in 
3Ist Elizabeth, anno 1589 ; who was summoned to 
parliament, in the 3rd James I., as Baxon Ttxvsy, 
of Woltham, in the county of Essex, and created by 
letters patent, dated 24th October, 1626, Eael or 
Norwich. His lordship m. Lady Mary Cecil, 
daughter of Thomas, Earl of Exeter, by Dorothy, 
daughter and co-heir of John Nevil, Lord Lati- 
mer, and had an only daughter and heir, 

Honoim, whom. Sir James Hay, (of Pitoorthie* 
in the county of Fife, the celebrated Cstou- 
rite of King James I.,) Viscount Doncaster* 
and Earl of Cariisld, by wbotn she had an 
only son, 
JAMxa, seootad Eail of Carlisle, at whose 
decease, «; pw, in 1660, the Viscountcy 
of Doncaater, and Earldom of Carlislflk 
with the Baboky or Dxmity, esjAred. 
When King James I. passed ftfun Scotland to 
London, npoa succeeding to thethzone of England, 
Sir Edward Denny was high sheriff of Hertford- 
shire; and met his mjOoty with a splendid retinue 
of one hundred and forty men, dressed in blu^ 
livery coats, with white douUeU, hats, and fea- 
thers: being all well mounted, with red saddles on 
their hones. Sir Edward presented the king, at the 
same time, with a noble charger richly aoooutred. 
His lordship d., aoth December, 1630, when the 
Earldom or Norwich became sxtikct, but the 
Baront of DRKKir deroKed upon his daughter, . 

HONORA, as Baroness Denny, at her deceaaett 
passed to her son, the Right Honourable 

JAMES HAY, second Earl of CarUsle, at whose 
decease, in 1660, it rzpirrd, with his lordship's 
other honours. 

ARMa.--Ou. a saltier, ar. betw. twelve itnisss 
pat^or. 

Note.~From Sir Edward Denny, Knt, youngest 
son of Sir Anthony Denny, Henry VlII.'s executor, 
descended the flanUy Denny, Baronets of Tndee 



B£a 



DE8 



Cmtie, ia the county of Kerry, is Irdaad, wpm- 
ited by the porewnt Sir Edvaard Denny, Bart. 



DESPENCER- EARL OF WINCHES- 
TER. 

Creetton afEdwvd II. lOtb Msy, 1393. 

In the 18th year of William the Conqueror, 

ROBERT LE DESPENCER, so called from 
heing steward t o the king , wa» a witnen to the 
royal charter fcnr removlngthe secular canons out of 
the cathedral of Durham, and placing monks in 
their stead. TlUa Robert was toother of Urao de 
AUtot, then sherilT of Worcestershire, and he ap- 
pears, as well by his high official situation, as by 
the numerous lordships he possessed, to have been 
a person of great eminence : but it has not been 
ascertained whether he first came into England 
with his royal master, or whether he was of Saxon 
or Norman extraction) nor is it clearly known, 
whether he had ever been married or had issue. 
In the reign of Henry I. there was a 

WILLIAM LE DESPENCER, but whether he 
had the name from being soo of Robert, or tram 
succeeding to the post of steward, cannot be deter* 
mined. 

The next person we find holding this office, and 
In the same reign, was 

THURSTAN DISPENCER. Of this steward. 
Camden, in his remains, relates the following story. 
•* In the time of Henry I. it was the custom of the 
^ourt, that books, lulls, and lettws, should be 
drawn and rigned by servitors In court, concerning 
thetr own matters without fee. But at thiji time 
Thuntan, the king's steward, or Le Despencer, as 
they then called him, (from whom the family of the 
Lords Spencer came,) exhibited to the king a com- 
plaint against Adam of Yarmouth, derk of the 
signet I tor, that he refused to sign, without a fee, 
a bill passed for him. The king first heard Thur- 
stan commending the old custom at large, and 
charging the derk for exacting somewhat coatnary 
thereunto* for passing his book. Then the clerk 
was heard, who briefly said, * I received the book, 
end.sent unto your steward, desiring only ot him 
to bestow upon me two spice cakes made for your 
own mouth t who returned for answer, he would 
pot, and thereupon I desired to seal his book.' " 

The king greatly disliked the steward for return- 
ing this negative, and forthwith made Adam sit 
down upon the bench^ with the seals and Thurstan's 
book before him, but compelled the steward to put 
off his cloak, to fotch two of his best spiced csJces 
for the king's own mouth, to bring them in a fair 
white napkin, and with low curtsie to present them 
to Adam, the clerk. Which being accordingly done* 
the king omnmanded Adam to seal and deliver him 
his book, and made them friends, adding this 
speech—** Officers of the court must gntifie and 
sliew cast of their office, not only one to another, 
but also to atnoigers, whosoever need shall ro- 
qnire^' 
This Thurstan was «. by hie son, 

ALMAIIIC D£ SPENCER* who served the 



office of sheriff of Rutland in the Mth Henry II., 
and again in the 1st of Richard I. From the latter 
monarch, to whom he was also steward, he ob- 
tained a confirmation in foe of the lordships of 
Wurdie and Stanley, in the viOe of Gloucester. The 
former of which King Henry II. had given to Wal- 
ter, the usher of his chamber, son of Thurstan, 
and uncle of this Alttaric, for his homage and ser- 
vice, reserving a pair of gilt spurs, or twdve pence, 
to be yearly paid for the same into the exchequer. 
In the 6th of King John this Almaric paid a fine of 
a hundred and twenty marks and one palfry, to be 
exempted from attendingnipon the king in an exp^ 
dition then proposed to be made beyond the sea. 
Almaric de Spencer m, Amabil, daughter of Walter 
de Chesnei, by whom he had two sons, Thurstan 
and Almaric, end wss «. by the dder, 

THURSTAN DE SPENCER, who appears, 
with his brother, to have takoi arms with the other 
barons against King John, tot, in the 18th of that 
reign, the king committed the custody of Thurstan 
de Spencer to Rowland Bloet, and gave away the 
lands of Almaric de Spencer to Osbert Giffkrd, his 
own natural son. Thurstan seems however to have 
ragained his rank in the next reign, and to have 
twice served the office of sheriff for Gloucestershire. 
He died in 1248. y. 

Contemporary with this Thurstan, end rtewbtless ^Oi 
of the same family, was t» \j^'y 

HUGH D E SPENCER , whom King Henry III., 
in the 8th year of his reign, constituted sheriff of 
the counties ot Salop and SJJifford, and governor of 
the castles of Salop and Bruges (Bridgenorth). He 
was subsequently sheriff of Berkshire, and governor 
of WalUngfoid Castle. To this Hugh Henry IIL 
gave the manor of Rithal, in the county of Rut- 
land, and in the Slst of that monarch's reign, upon 
the death of John Soot, Earl of Chester, he was 
deputed with Stephen de Scgrave and Henry de 
Aldithley to take charge ot the castles of Chester 
and Beeston. Alter this Hugh came his grandson, 
another 

HUGH DESPENCER, who, toklng part with 
the barons, was nominated under the baronial 
power in the 44th of Henry III., Justidary of Eng- 
land. After the battle of Lewes he was one of those 
to whom the custody ot the captive monarch was 
committed, and he was then entrusted with the 
castles of Orford, in Suflblk, of Devises, in Wilts, 
and Barnard Castle, in the bishopric of Durham. 
He was summoned to parliament on the 14th De. 
cember, 1864, as *' Hugh le Despencer, Justic* An- 
glise," and lost his life under the baronial banner at 
the battle of EvsaBAJt. His lordship m. Aliva* 
daughter of Philip Basset of Wycombe, in the 
county of Bucks, and widow of Roger Bigod, Earl 
of Norfolk, by whom he had issue, Huoh, of whom 
presently, and Alianore, m. to Hugh de Courtenay, 
fisther of Hugh, first Earl of Devonshire. After the 
forfeiture and decease of Lord Despencer his widow 
Aliva, for her father's sake, found such favour 
from the king, that she was enabled to retain a con- 
siderable proportion of the property, and at her 
death, in the 9th of Edward L, it devolved, on the 
payment of a fine of five hundred marks, upon her 
son, 

171 



DES 



DE& 



HUOH DESPENCER. Mnior, so called to dit- 
tingulih him Imm hi* •on, who bore the dedgnation 
of HuoH DsBPSwccR, Juolor, both so well known 
In history as the favourites of the unfortunate 
Edward II. Of Huob* senior* we shall first treat, 
although as father and son ran almost the same 
couTW, at the same time, and shared a similar fkte. 
It is not eisy to sever their deeds. 

Hugh DispBirsBB paid a fine of two thousand 
marks to the khig, in the 15th of Edward I., for 
marrying, without license, Isabd, daughter of 
William de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, and 
widow of Patrick Cheworth; by this lady he had an 
only son, the too cdebrated 
HuoH DispsNeaR, jun. 

In the 2ad of the same rdgn, he was made gover- 
nor of Oldham Castle, In the county of Southamp- 
ton, and the same year had summons to attend the 
king at Portsmouth, prepared with horse and arms 
for an expedition into Oasoony. In two years after- 
wards he was at the battle of Dunbar, in Scotland, 
where the English arms triutnphed ; and the next 
year he was one of the commissioners accredited to 
treat of peace between the English monarch and the 
kings of the Romans and of France. In the 96th 
and S8th years of Edward, he was again engaged in 
the wars of Scotland, and was sent by his soverrign, 
with the Earl of Lincoln, to the papal court, to 
complain of the Scots, and to entreat that his holi- 
ness would no longer favour them, as they had 
abused hia confidence by falsehoods. To the very 
dose of King Edward L's reign, his lordship seems 
to have enjoyed the favour of that great prince, and 
had summons to parliament firom him from the 
the 83d June, 1295, to 14th March, 138S: but it was 
after the accession of Edward's unhappy son, the 
8BCOND of that name, that the Spencers attained 
that extraordinary eminence, from which, with 
their fteble-minded master, they were eventually 
hurled into the gulph of irretrievaUe ruin. In the 
first years of Edward II.*s reign, we find the fiither 
and son stUl engaged in the Scottish wars. In the 
14th year, the king, hearing of great animosities 
between the younger Spencer and Humphrey de Bo- 
hun. Earl of Hereford and E ss e x, and learning that 
they wCTe collecting their followers in order to come 
to open combat. Interfered, and strictly commanded 
Lord Hereibrd to forbear. About the same time, a 
dispute arising between the Earl of Hereford and 
John de Moubray regarding some lands in Wales, 
young Spencer seised posse isi an of the estate, and 
kept it firom both the litigants. This conduct, and 
similar proceedings on the part of the dder Spencer, 
exciting the indignation of the barons, they forifced a 
league against the favourites, and placing the king's 
cousin, Thomas Plaatagenet, Earl of Lancaster, at 
their head, marched, with banners flying, fkom Sher- 
burne to St Alban's, whence they dispatched the bi- 
shops of Salisbury, Hereford, and Chidiester, to the 
king with a demand that the Spencers should be ba- 
nished! to whldi mission the king, however, giving 
an Imperious reply in the negative, the irritated 
noblee continued their route to London t when Ed- 
ward, at the instance of the queen, acquiesced; 
whereupon the barons summoned a parliament, in 
which the Spencers were banished from England; 
17« 



and the sentence was proclaimed In • Westminster 
HalL To this decision, Hugh the elder submitted 
and retired; but Hugh the younger lurked in divers 
places t sometimes on land, and sometimes at sea, 
and was fortunate enough to capture, during his 
exile, two vessels, near Sandwich, laden with mer- 
chandise to 4he value of forty thousand pounds ; 
after which, being recalled by the king, an army 
was raised, which encountered and defeated the 
baronial forces at Boroughbridge, in Yorkshire^ 
In this action, wherein numbers were slain, the 
Earl of Lancaster being taken prisoner, was curried 
to his own castle at Pontefract, and there, after 
a summary trial, (the dder Spencer being one of 
his Judges,) beheaded. The Spencers now became 
more powerful than ever, and the elder was Im- 
mediately created Eitai. or WiwcRnarnR, the 
king loading him with grants of the forfeited estates. 
He was, about the same time, constituted warden of 
the king's forests on the sooth of Trent. Young 
Spbkcbr obtained, like his Ikther, immense grants 
from the lands forfeited after the battle of Borough- 
bridge; but not satisfied with those, and they were 
incredibly numerous, he extorted by force whatso- 
ever else he pleased. Amongst other acts of law- 
less oppression, it is related that he selaed upon 
the person of Elisabeth Comyn, a great heiress, the 
wife ot Richard Talbot, in her house at Kenn*ng- 
ton. In Surrey, and detained her for twdve months 
in prison, until he compdled her to assign to him 
the manor of Painswike, in Gloucestershire, and 
the castle and manor of Goderlch, in the maxrhes of 
Wales: but this ill-obtained and lll-exerdsed power 
was not formed for permanent endurance, and a 
brief space only was necessary to bring it to a termi- 
nation. The queen and the young prince, wllofaad 
fied to France, and had been proclaimed traitors 
through the Influence of the Spencers, ascertaining 
the fedings of the people, ventured to returr ; and 
landing at Harwich, with the noblemen and parsons 
of eminence who had been exiled after the defeat at 
Boroughbridge, raised the uotal standard, and 
soon found themsd ves at the head of a considerable 
force; when, marching upon Bristol, where the 
king and his favourites then were, they were re- 
odved In that dty with aodamation, and the elder 
Spencer bdng sdsed, (although in his ninetieth 
year,) was brought in chains before the prince and 
the barons, and reodved Judgment of death, which 
was accordingly executed, by hanging the culprit 
upon a gallows in the sight ot the king and of his 
son, upon St. Dennis's day, in October, 1986. It is 
sdd by some writers that he body was hung up 
with two strong cords for four days, and then cut 
to pieces, and given to the dogs. Young Srawcnn, 
with the king, eflbcted his escape; but they were 
both, soon afterwards, taken and ddivered to the 
queen, when the unfortunate monarch was con- 
signed to Berkeley Castle, where he was basdy mur- 
dered In 1987. Hugh Spencer the younger, it ap- 
pears, was impeadied before parliament, and re- 
odved sentence '« to be drawn upon a hurdle, with 
trumps and trumpett, throughout all the dty of 
Hereford," and there to be hanged and quartered, 
whidi sentence was executed, on a gallows fifty feet 
high, upon St. Andiew'seve, anno 1386 (90 Edw. II.) 



DBS 



DBS 



'If 



3 



\ m 



Thus tcrmiafttad tha citMr of two of the nuMt eile- 
bfsted royal faTOiuitas in tha annaU of Engiand. 
The younger Hugh was a peer of the realm, aa veil 
M Ufl firther, having bean tumnMined toparlianent, 
aaa baron, from S9th July, 1314, to 10th October, 
UBS ; but the two BAEOKZca of SPSNcea, and the 
UAMhoou or WiwcRBBTKitf expired undar the 
attalnden of the father and aon. For the family 
of the younger Spencer, see Deapencer, Earl of 
OlouoCBter. 

AnMa.— Quarterly ar. and gu. ; In the aeoond end 
third a fret, or. Over all a bend la. 

DESPENCER — BARONS DESPEN. 
OER, EARL. OF GLOUCESTER. 

Barony, by Writ of Summons, dated IMh June, 1338. 

12 Edward III. 

Earldom, anno 1337< 

Xincagc. 

HUGH DESPENCER, Jun., (one of the haplaes 
flsTonrites of King Edward I.,) espoused Elenior, 
dau^ter and co-heir of Gilbert de Clare, Earl of 
and had issue, iZC^- 
HvoH, of whom presently. 
Edwardf in. Anne, daughto* of Hcbry, Lord 
Farrcrs, of Groby, and dying in 1342, left an 
only son, 
^Epwabd, who snicaaded hisunde, Huoh. 
to Richard, Earl of Arundd. 
After the execution of Hugh Despencer, in Novem- 
ber, 1380, Eleanor, his widow, with her children and 
family, waa cooflned in the Tower of London imtil 
the ensuing February, when she obtained her 
liberty, and married, subsequently, WiUlam la 
Zott^, of Mortimer. She died in July, 1337, poa- 
of several estates, in which she waa «. by her 







HUGH DESPENCER, who had already distin- 
guished himself as a soldier in France end Scotland ; 
and continuing actively and gallantly engaged in the 
same fields, he was summoned to parliament aa a 
BABOir, by King Edward IIL, ft-om 15th June, 1338, 
to the 1st of January, 134a His lordship m. Elisa- 
beth, widow of Giles de Baddlesmere, but died 
without issue in 1349, when the barony xxpiesd, 
but his lands devolved upon his nephew, 

EDWARD DESPENCER, who, in the 30th 
Edward III, befaig then a knight, attended Edward 
the Black Prince into France, and shared in the 
gknry of Poictisrb. For several years afterwards 
Sir Edward continued in the French wan, and for 
his gallant conduct was summcmed to parliament as 
BAaav Ds SPsifcxR, from I&th December, 1307* 
to Oth October, 1372, being also honoured with the 
Garter. His lordship m. Elixabeth, daughter and 
heiress of Bartholomew de Burgherah, Baron Burg- 
hersh, and had issue, 

TnoMAa, his successor. 

Cicely, who d, young. 

Elisabeth, m. first, to John Arundel, and se- 
condly, to the Lord Zouch. 

Anne, m. to Hugh Hastings, and afterwards 
to Thomas Morley. 

Margaret, m. to Robert Ferrers. 
LordDeqicnoer rf. in 137S, and was «^ by his son. 



THdMAS DESPENCER, id Bmton De Apeacer, 
summoned to parliament 30th November, 1308, and 
18th July, 1307* This nobleman, who was known as 
Lord Despencer of Glamorgan, was in the expedi- 
tion to Ireland, made hi the 18th Richard IL » and 
in the 21st of the same reign, having the sentence of 
b*nishment reversed, which had been psMsed by par- 
liament in Ifith Edward II. against his great grand- 
father, Huoh Dnapnircna ths Youwonn, was 
created Eaal or Oix>uc>aTnB, anno 1337, by rea- 
son of Us descent through Eleanor, wiA of the said 
Hugh, from the De Clares, Earls of Gloucester. In 
the petition which his kndsliip preaented for the 
reversal of Hugh his ancestor's banishment, it was 
set forth, that the said Hugh, at the time, pos ses se d 
no less than fifty-nine lordships in difteent coun- 
ties, twenty-eight thousand sheep, one thousand 
oxen and steers, one thousand two hundred kiae, 
with their calves ; forty mares, with their colts of 
two years t one hundred and sixty draught horses ; 
two thousand hogs t three thousand bullocks ; forty 
tuns of wines six hundred baoonst four sccwe car- 
casses of martinmas beef; six htmdred muttons in 
his larder} ten tuns of dder; armour,. phit«, jewels 
and ready money, better than ten thousand pounds; 
thirty-six sacks of wool, and a.library of books. 
His lordship m. Constance, daughter of Edmund 
Plantagenet, sumamed De Langley, Duke of York, 
fifth son of King Edward III., and had issue, 

RjCHARD, who m. Elisabeth, daughter of 
Ralph, Earl of Westmorland, and d. issue- 
less in 1414. 
Isabti, IN. to Richard Beauchampj Lord Aber- 
gavenny and Earl of Worcester, by whom 
she had an only daughter and heiress, 

Elisabeth Bhauchamp, who m. Ed- 
war0 Novel, a younger son of Ralph, 
Earl of Westmoreland, and brought 
into that fiunily the Baronies of Burg- 
hersh and Despencer and Abergavenny. 
Upon the marriage of the Earl of Gloucester, he 
obtained from King Richard II. a grant of divera 
manors i but adhering to that unfortunate monarch, 
he was degraded from his earldom, and dispossessed 
ot most of his lands by the flnt parliament of 
Henry IV. : and before the same year elapsed, being 
taken prisoner, in aa attempt to fiy the kingdom, 
at Bristol, and being condemned by a vote of the 
House of Commons to die, he was carried into the 
market-place and there beheaded by the rabble, on 
the third day after St Hillary, in the year 1400; 
when the Earldom or Gloucebtbr and Barony 
or Da Sfrncrr fell under the attainder. Ri- 
chard, his eldest son, dying in fourteen yean after- 
wards, still a minor, wiUiout issue, Isabel, his only 
daughter, then became his heir. This lady, as stated 
above, married Richard Beauchamp, Baron Aber- 
gavenny, and Earl of Worcester, by whom she had 
an only daughter and heirees. Lady Elisabeth 
Beauchamp. The attainder at Thomas, Lord De. 
q>enoer and Eiarl of Gloucester, her gnndfother, 
being reversed in the first year of Edward IV., the 
said Lady Eliaabeth carried the Barony of Despencer 
(the Earldom of Gloucester could not of course be 
revived, having lUled for want of a male heir), with 
the Baronies of Abergavenny and Buxgbersh, to her 

173 



D'HV 



ITBV 



)»Mli«i«, Jlk« Hob. BdwMd K«v11, who «M rata- 1 
jDaoned to puUflnMBt* w Lord Ahagvnauf, in 
14fi0i «m1 the dignity of Dcipenosr continued in hit 
detoendants* tlie Lovdft AbeigaTenny* until the 
deoeeie of Henry> fourth heron, in lfi87> when hi* 
lordship's only daughter and heiren» Eliaabeth, 
then the wife of Sir Thomas Fane, Knt., claimed 
the baronleB} hut» after a long investigation* the 
House of Lords dedded, that the Barony of Aberg»- 
vcnuy belonged to the belz male at law i when the 
crowSf hy letters patent, confirmed the Barony of 
Jbe Dcspcnoei to ha ladyship and her heirs. From 
:that period it was o^oyed by Lady Fanefs imme- 
diate descendants, the first seven Eark of West- 
mordand ; at the decease of John, the seventh earl, 
in 176SI, the Barooy of Despencsr Ml Into abeyance 
hetwesn the heirs of his lordship's sisters, and was 
terminated the next year in fkvour of his nephew, 
Sir Francis Dash wood « at whose decease, s.!). in 
}781* it again fell into abeyance; and so continued, 
until ffgain terminated in 1788 in fkvour of Sir 
■Thomas Stapleton, Baronet, present Lord Le De- 
spencer, the descendant of Lady Catherine Paul, 
John, ^Mventh Earl of Westmoreland's younger 
sister 

. Arms^— Same as those of Despencer, Earl of 
Winchester. 

D'EVEREUX — EARLS OP SALIS- 
BURY. 

.CEe^tioo of the Empress Maud. 

ICiiuagt. 

Amongst die prlndpai Normans who accompanied 
the Conqueror in his expedition against England, 
and participated in the triumph and wpoU of Has- 
tings, was 

WALTER DE EVEREUX, of Rosmar, in Nor- 
mandy^ who obtained, with other considerable 
grants, the lordships of Salisbury and Ambresbury, 
which, having devised his Norman posaewions and 
ea rl dom to Walter, bis eldest son, he bequeathed to 
his younger son, 

EDWARD DE EVEREUX, who was thence- 
forward designated " of Salisbury." This Edward 
was aubsequenUy sherifT of Wiltshire, and, at 
|he time of the general survey, possessed lordships 
in the counties of Dorset, Somerset, Surrey, Hants, 
Middlesex, Hereford, Buckingham, and Wilts^ 
When Sheriff of the latter county, we are told 
that he received in rent, as belonging to his office, 
an hundred and thirty hogs— thirty-two bacons- 
two bushels and sixteen gallons of w h e at t he same 
of barley— several, bushels of oats— thirty-two gal- 
lons, of honey, or sixteen shillings— four himdred 
and forty eight hens— a thoussnd and sixty eggs- 
en hundred cheeses— fifty-two lambs— two hundred 
fleeces of wool ; having likewise one htmdred and 
sixty-two acres of arable land, and, amongst the 
leves-land, to the value of forty pounds per annum. 
This Edward was standard-bearer at the battle of 
BrenneviU, in Normandy, fought SOth Henry 1., 
King Henry being present, and distinguished him- 
self by his singular skill and valour. HeleflatMs 
decease, a daughter, 

MMide, wife of Humphrey de Bohun, and a son 
«od heir, 
174 



WALTER DE EVEREUX, who «. SibUl* ^ 
Chaworth. This feudal lord founded the monas* 
tery of Brndenstoke, wherein. In his old ^e, be 
became a canon. He was «. by his son, 

PATRIC DE EVEREUX, who, being stew- 
ard of the household to the Empress Maud, wac 
advanced by that princess to the dignity of Eak^, 
or SALiaBuav, and was one of the subscrib- 
ing witnesses, ss such, to the agreement made 
between King Stephen and Henry, Duke of Nor- 
mandy, in the 18th year ot that monarch's reign. 
In the 10th Henry II. his lordship. was a witness 
to the recognition of the ancient laws and liberties 
of England ; and in two years afterwards, upon the 
aid then asse s sed for marrying the king's daughter, 
he certified his knights' fbes at seventy-eight and 
two-fifths. The earl being the king's lieutenant in 
Aquitaine, and captain-general of his forces there, 
was slain, in 1167» by Guy de Lesinnian, upon his 
return from a pil^mage to St James of Com- 
postdOa, and was s. by his son, 

WILLIAM DE EVEREUX, second Earl of Sa- 
lisbury, who, at the coronation of King Richard I., 
bore the golden sceptre with the dove on the head of 
it ; but the next year, when the king became a pri- 
soner in Almaine,«his lordship was one of those 
who adhered to John, Earl of Morton. In the 6th 
Richard I., the earl was with the king in the expe- 
dition then made into Normandy, and, upon his 
return to England, was one of his great council, 
BBSSiiibled at Nottingham. At the second corona, 
tion of Richard, in the same year, the Earl of Sa- 
lisbury was one of the fbur earls who supported 
the canopy of state. His lordship m. AUanore de 
Vitrei, daughter of Tirrd de Mainers, and left, 
at his decease, an only daughter and heiress, ' 
EI.A, *' of whom (writes Dugdale) it is thus 
reported : that, being so great an inhixetrix, 
one William Talbot, an Englishman, and an 
eminent soldier, took upon him the habit of 
a pilgrim, and went into Normandy, where, 
wandering up and down for the space of two 
months, at length he found her out Likewise, 
that he then changed his habit, and having 
entered the court where she resided in the 
gsrb of a harper, (being practised in mirth 
and Jesting,) he became well accepted. More- 
over, that, growing acquainted with her, 
after some time he conducted her into Eng- 
land, and presented her to King Richard, 
who, receiving her very teurteously, gave 
her in marriage to William, sumamed 
langMpM, (from the long sword which he 
usually wore,) his brother, that is, a natural 
son of King Henry U. by Fair Rosamondt 
and that thereupon King Richard rendered 
unto liim the earldom of Rosmar, as her 
inheritance." Be this story true or fslse, it 
is certain, however, that the great heiress of 
the D'Evereux, E3a, espoused the above- 
named 
WILLIAM LONOESPEE, who thereupon be- 
came, in her right, Eabl or Salisburt. In the 
^Hig*niiing of King John's reign this nobleman was 
sheriff of Wiltshire, he was afterwards wardftn of 
the marches of Wales, and ihm abtKiffat tfm^ovayi 



D'ET 



ITBT 



1 

t'^*. 



Ate«t tMs 

period <14th Jofaa.) the bnonlal enitnt mwwni 
cing, WiOSot Vaagetpm at onee cqpoiued tiM nj9l 
cnue, and ttatetained it 00 atoutly, that he was 
indnded, by tfak taidwnst aaMmgit the evil councli- 
lon of the cxowwl The next year he was afpdh 
ooBttitated ahertfr of WUu» and he held the oflke 
firom that time dwrtag the jfeaudnder of his lilia. 
He had also a giant of the hononr of Eye, In Siif> 
iolkk and was the same year awitoentD the agree* 
man mode b e tw ea i King Jolm and the herons, as 
guarantee fior the former. He was likewlae a wit- 
noM to the diarter w h e t eb y John resigned his 
to the pope. Affcar this we And him a 
leader In tiie royal army, until the very 
I of John's reign, when he swerved In his loyalty, 
and joined fbr a short period the ranks of Lewis of 
France. Upon the aooesrion, however, of Henry III., 
he did homage to that monarch, partioolarly Ibrthe 
oonntyof SomcrMt, whidi the king Aen gave him ; 
and joinfaig with William Manhall, (governor of the 
king end kingdom,) raised die sieye of Lincoln! 
when he was constituted sheriff of Lincolnshire, 
end governor of Lincoln Cartle, being invested at 
the same time with shcrifldty of the county of 
Somermt, and governorship of 4he castle of Shir< 
burner HU lordship soon afterwards acoompenled 
the Earl of Chester to the Holy Land, and was at 
the battle of Dajs mta, in whidi the ae s ceut tri- 
umphed. He served subsequently In the Oascou 
whence returning to England, Dugdale re* 
"there arose so great a- tempest at sea, that, 
despairing of life, he threw his money and ridi 
over board. But when all hopes were 
I, they discerned a mighty taper of wax, hum- 
ing hrif^ at the prow of the ship, and a beautiftil 
woman standing by it, who preserved it firom wind 
and rain, so that it gave a clear and bright lustre. 
Upon sight of which heavenly vision both himself 
and the mariners oonduded of their fiiture security : 
but every one there being ignorant what this vision 
might portend except the earli he however attri- 
bated it to the benignity of the blessed virgin, by 
reesott, that upon die day when he was honoured 
with die girdle of knighthood, he brought a taper 
to her ahar, to be lighted every day at mass, when 
the ranonical hours used to be sung, and to die 
Intant, that for this terrestrial light, he might ei^oy 
dot which is etemaL' A rumour, however, reached 
Cnghind of the earl's having been lost, and Hubert 
de Burgh, widi the concurrence of die king, pro- 
vided a suitor for his supposed widow, but the lady, 
in die interim, having received letters tmtk her 
husband, r«d«cted the suit with indignation. The 
earl socm after came to the king et Marlborough, 
and being received with great joy, he preferred a 
strong complaint against Hubert de Bur|^, adding, 
that unless the king would do him right therein, he 
ahould vindicate himself otherwise, to the disturb- 
nnco of the puUic peace. Hubert, however, ap- 
peased his wrath with rich presents, and invited 
Mm. to his table, where It Is asserted that he wes 
-poisoned', fbr he retired to his castle of Salisbury fn 
extreme ilfaaess, and died almost immediately after, 
anrfb tsae. His lordship left iisue^ ibur sani and 
Are dapghtera, vis. 



>/. 






/./ 



WiLtiiAV, Ue 

Richard, a canon of SalMrary. 

Stei^wn, chief juatioeor Irahmd, ak Eamdinfk' = t 

Countess of Ulster, daughter andjidr of 
. Walter de Ridelsltard, Ba^p^^ef^ay, and 
X Mt a»«Mj daughtarjpd^ldreaak .«vp-««" 
jlCrte^ s Sla, whie muMwtifLmef, who waacieated 
VU^^^ Serl of Ulster by lUngJohAt i f 

r?/ Kicholas, Bishop Of Salisbury. A In l«7« 

ieabel, IN. to William de Teed, Loid Vewy. * 

Ela* m. flnt, to Thomas, Earl of Warwlcki 

and eeeondly, to Philip Bseset^ of 



Idonea, ei. to William de 
ofBedftnd. 

Loea, a nun at Laeock. 

Ete. jun., IN. to William de Odii«aelii» 
His lovddilp's eldest ma, 

WILLIAM DE LONOESPES. «« 
called," says Sir William Dugdale. " by Mattitew 
Pails, and most of our odier historians, Kabl ov 
SAuanuaT. but erroneously i for^teeords wherehl 
mention to medeof him, do net give Idm that tMai 
but call him barely WUUsoB Longespee^ Nayi there 
is an old c h ron i de who salth expressly, that, to 
anno liSS; (17th Henry IIL,) he was girt widi the 
sword of knighthood, but not mad* Earl of Salit* 
bury.** This WUHhu made a pilgrimage to the 
Holy Lend in 1940 — and agafai te 1M7» having 
assumed thecrom forasscond pilgrimage, proceeded 
to Rome, and thus p r fe fa CTed a suit to dm soveorelgi 
pontlft '*-6ir, you seettet I em signed with the 
crossv and am on my journey with the king of 
Fnoioa. to llfht in this pUgria^ge. My name is 
great, and of note, via., William Loiranapsa i 
but my estate Is eiender: for the king of Englsnd. 
my kinsman, and liege-lord, hadi bereft me of the 
title of earl, and of that estatot but this he did 
judiciously, and not in diipleaiure» and by the im- 
pulse of his will t therefore I do tet blame him for 
it. Howbeit, I am neceadtetad to haive recourse to 
your holiness for ikvour, desiring your assistance tai 
this dlstrees. We see here (quoth he,) that Earl 
Riduttd (of Cornwall,) who, though he Is not 
signed with the tsoes, yet, through the especial 
grace of your hoUnees, he baCh got very much 
money ftom dmee who aie signed, end theretere t, 
who am signed^ and in want, ^do intreat the like 
Ikvour." The pope taking into oonsideratioa die 
elegance of Ms mantier, the eiBeacy of hto Tn as owin g, 
and the eomeiineas of his person, conceded in part 
irilat he deeired: whereupon be retidted above a 
thouaand mariufrdm those who had been so signed. 
In about two years after this, anno 1M9, having re- 
odved the Ueasiog of Ms noble modier, Ela, theb 
Abbess of Laeock, he commenced his journey at the 
head nf a company of twobundred EdgHA borM, 
and being recdved with great respect by the king of 
France, joined that monarch!s army. In Palestine 
he became subsequently pre-eminendy distin- 
guiAied, and fen. In 19B0, In a great conflict wHh 
the Saracens, near Damieta, havtaig pravloudy 
killed above one hundred of the enemy with Ms 
own hand. It was reported that, die night befbre 
the battle, his mother Ela, the abbess, saw in 'a 
yMaA the heavens open, andlier eon armed at'ull 

hi' J-t:, y-^ t^r^iZ^^-^ ^■^* ..' , 



V tL< 



6.0 






DEV 



DEV 



partf, (wboM thidd ahe wdl knew,) noelved with 
joy by the angeli. Remembering the occurrenoe, 
when newt of his deeth reeched her in six months 
efter, she held up her hands, and with a cheerful 
eountcoanoe said, " I, thy handmaid, give thanks 
to thee, O Lord, that out of my sinful flesh thou 
hast caused such a champion against thine enemies 
to be bom." It was also said, that in 1268. when 
messengers were sent to the Soldan of Babylon, 
for redemption of those who had been taken pri- 
soners, he thus addressed thern^*' I marrel at you, 
christians, who reverence the bones of the dead, 
why you inquire not for those of the renowned and 
right noMe William Longespee, because there be 
many things reported of them, (wliether fabulous 
or not I cannot say,) via., that, in the dark of the 
night, there have besn appearances et his tomb, and 
thAt to some, who called upon his God, many things 
were bestowed ftom Heaven. For which cause, and 
in regard of his great worth and nobility of birth, 
we have caused his body to be here intombed." 
Whereupon the messenger desiring it, the remains 
were ddivered to them by the Soldan, and thence 
conveyed to Acres, where they were buried in the 
church of St. Cross. This eminent and heroic per- 
sonage m. Idonea, daughter and heir of Richard de 
CamviUe, and had issue, 

WILLIAM DE LONGESPEE, his son and heir, 
who m. Maud, daughter of Walter CUflbrd, and died 
in the 4l8t Henry IIL, in the flower of his age, 
leaving an only daughter and heiress, 

MAnoARBT, commonly called Countess of 
Salisbury, who in. Henry de Lacy, Earl of 
Lincoln, and had issue, an only daughter 
and heiress. 

AucB, m. to Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, 
who being outlawed. Ring Edward II. 
seised upon the lands which she had 
made over to her husband; some of 
whidi, vis.— Tenbrigge, Winterboum, 
and Ambresbury, with other manors. 
King Edward III. gave to WlUiam de 
Montacute, to hold in as tail and ample 
a manner, as ever the same had been 
holden by Margaret, Countess of Salis- 
bury, or her prcdecewori. 
Thus terminated the very eminent families of 
D'Evereux, and De Longespee, Eaals or Sai.is- 

■URY. 

Anmk^D'Evereux. — Three Pallets varry, on a 
chief, or. a lion passant, sa. 
De Longespee. — A*, six lions, (or lioods,) 
rampant, or. third, second, flrst. 

DEVEREUX— BARONS DEVEREUX. 

By Writ of Summons, dated i8th September, 1364, 
8 Richard II. 

ICineagc. 

Of this funily, which derived its surname from 
the town of Eureux, in Normandy, and which came 
into England with the Conqueror, there were several 
generationSf prior to that which attained the peer- 
In the 7th King Henry IIL, 

STEPHEN DEVBRBUX, being in the king's 



army agaliist the Welsh, had iciitage of all bis 
tenants in the counties of Gloucester and Hereford, 
who held of him by military service. To this 
Stephen suc ce eded his son, 

WILLIAM DEVEREUX, who in the ttnd of 
Henry III., had summons to attend the king at 
Chester, with hone and arms to restrain the Incur- 
sions of the Welch, and in two years afterwards, 
being then one of the barons marchers, received 
command, with the others, to repair to the marches 
without delay, for a similar purpose. He suhie* 
quently attended the king at the battles of Lewes, 
but there he forsook the royal standard, and aAat< 
wards lUl fighting <m the side of the Baions at 
Evesham, in the 40th Henry III., whereupon Maud, 
his widow, sister of Walter Giflhid, Bishop of Bath 
and Wells, applied to the king, for •< certain Jewels 
and harness," which had been deposited in the 
church of Hereford, by the deonased baron, and 
obtained a precept to the treasurer of the cathedral, 
for their deliverance to her. But his lands being 
seised, continued with the crown, until the filst 
Henry III., when his son and heir, 

WILLIAM DEVEREUX, making his oompodtion 
at three years valuer according to the decree called 
" Dictum de Kenilworth," had livery of those 
•estates. In the 88nd Edward I., we find this Wil* 
liam Devereux employed in the great expedition 
made by the king himself into Gascony. To this 
lisudal lord succeeded, 

SIR JOHN DEVEREUX, Knt., who in the 
4Snd Edward III., attended Edward, the Black 
Prince, into Gascony, and the next year was sene- 
schal and governor of Lymoein. Upon the aooes- 
sion of King Richard II., Sir John served in the 
fleet at sea, and was constituted governor of Ledes 
Castle, in Knt, In the 3rd of Richard^ he was 
made captain of Calais, and in the eighth of the 
same monarch, being then a banneret, was sum- 
moned to parliament as a Barom. The following 
year, his lordship was Installed a Knight of the 
Garter, and in the second year afterwards consti- 
tuted constable of Dover Castle, and warden of the 
cinque porU, but the latter appointment was 
through the influence of the great lords then pre-v 
dominant. Upon the attainder of Sir Simon Burley, 
Knt., the Castle and Manor of Leonhales, in the 
county of Herefbrd, devolving to the crown. Lord 
Devereux obtained a spedal giant thereof • and being 
possessed of the lordship of Penshurst, he had a 
license in the 16th of Richerd, to make a castle of 
his mansion house there. His lordship m, Margaret, 
daughter of Sir John Barre, Knt., and had Issue, 
JoHir, his successor. 

Joane, ta. to Walter Fits-Walter, Lord Fits- 
Walter, a ' L \ i^£^ 
He d. in 1364, and was «. by bis son, ni^ int W.' h*^ 

SIR JOHN DEVEREUX, Knt., second Baion 
Devereux, who m. PhiUppa, one of the daughters 
of Guy de Brien, then deoeesed, and granddaughter 
and co-heiress of Sir Guy de Brien, but d. in 1307, 
stIU in minority, and without issue. When his lord- 
ship's barony and estates devolved upon his saster 
Joane, Lady Fita-Walter, and thenceforward be* 
came united with the Berony of Fits- Walter. 

Arms.— Ar. a fessegu. in chief three Torteauxca, 






DIG 



DIG 






4 



DIOBY— BARONS DIOBY OF SHER. 
BORNE, IN THE COUNTY 
OF DORSET. EARIiS OF 
BRISTOL. 

Barony, \ by Letten f Sdth November, Iftia 
EarMom, J Patent, \ Ifith September, IflBS. 

XIncasf. 

The funame of this ancient flnnily le said to have 
origineUy been Tiltok, assumed ftom their red- 
dsnee at TUtOD, io the ooonty of Leicester* where 
they possessed a fidr estate In the reign of Henry II., 
in whose time lived Sxa JoRif Tiltow, w1k> gave 
certain parcels of land in BiUersden and Kirby- 
Bdkrs, in that county, to the Lepers of St. Laartis, 
of Jerusalem, which the king conflrmed to the in- 
firm brethren of Burtoa-Laaers. In 1906, 40th 
Henry IIL. tlie ftmily removed from Tilton, to 
Digby, in the county of Linoofai, and aasumed a 
new designation ftom that p]aea» which tlieyconti- 
naed ever afterwards to retain. Of this line, was 

JOHN DIGBY, who, in the reign of Edward L, 
was a commissioner for the gaol-d^very at War- 
wick, and served that prince, in his wars. He lies 
buried at Tilton, under a tomb, adorned with his 
eOgies at ftiU length, and cross-legged, holding a 
shield of his arms of the Fleur-de-lis» with the sun 
and moon thereon, and this Une, 

•« Jdian de Digby, gist icy, ptaiei pour hiy.** 
To this John, succeeided 

ROBERT DE DIOGEBY, to whom, temp. 
Rldiard IL, William Francels conveyed certain 
lands in BIHesdon, in Leteestershire i and by 
CatheHne* dauf^ter and co-heir of Simon Paka- 
man, be was Ikther of 

EVERARD DIOBY, who m. Agnes, daughter of 
John Clarke, and widow of Richard Seddale, and 
had, with three other sons, all of whom Ml at 
Towton-ileld, in 1461, fighting under the Lancaa^ 
trian banner, his succewor. 

EDWARD DIGBY, Esq., of Tiltoo, in the 
county of Leicester, and of Digby, in the county 
of Rutland, M.P., for the latter shire, temp. Henry 
Vlth, who lost his life in the same cause and battle 
as his brothers, leavhig by his wife, Jaqueu, 
daui^ter and co-heir of Sir John Ellys, of Devon- 
shire, one daughter, Baringold, M. to Robert Hunt, 
Esq., of Lydnen, and seven sons, via. 

1. EvaKABO (Sir)» progenitor of the Digbys, 
of Drystoke, in the county of Rutland, ^md 
of Sandon, in the county of Stallbrd. Sir 
Everard, was Sheriff of Rutland, in 1440, 
I486, and 14flO) and its representative in 
parliament, from the 80th to the 98th year 
of Henry VI., inchisivek He d. in 1M8, and 
was «. by his son. 
Sir Eybbabd, whose grandson. 

Sin EvsBABD DisBT, ono of the 
moet accomplished persons of the 
period in which he lived, being un- 
ftfftnnataly Involved in the gtm^ 
powder plot, was convicted on the 
97th, and wrecurert on the dOth 
Janoaiy* 160fi. 



s ^^(//^ 



1 



,f<" *» 



4/ 



U4^ ^ Wi (/ /( 



t. Shnon, of Coles Hill, in the eonaty of 

Warwick, of whom presently. 
3L John (Sir), of Eye-Keltleby, IB the county 
of Leicester, received the honour of knight* 
hood from King Henry VIL, for his services 
at Bosworth Field. In 1513, Sir John Digby» 
attended King Henry VI IL to Csflals, and 
fought valiantly at l^tafmimiM, but d, in 
Sftth of the same king, leaving issue, by his 
wife, Catherine, daughter of Sir Nicholas 
GrifBn, of Braybrook, in tba county of 
Northampton. 
4. LilMBua, of Lullteham, whose grand-daugh- 
ter, Anne, (his only son, Thomas Digby*8 
heirssBi) m, John Burton, Esq., of StodLcrs- 
ton. In the county of Leicester. 
& Rowland, of Welby, In the county of Lei- 
cester, which estate he acquired, temp. 
Henry VIL, with fate wife, Agnes, daughter 
and heiress of John bidden, Esq., and whidi 
continued with Us descendants until tiia 
reign of James I. 
6. Thomas (Sir), of Oulney, in the county of 
BudLs, received the honour of knighthood 
from King Henry VII., after the battle of 
Bosworth Field. Sir Thomw*s daughter, 
Catherine, m, first, Simon Whedsr, Esq., 
of Kenilworth, and secondly, John Fisher, 
Esq., of Packington Magna. 
7* Berjamin, of Bathley, in the county of Nor- 
folk. 
SIR SIMON DIGBY. the second son, havfaig 
taken a distinguished pert with hte brothers at 
Bosworth Fldd, was rewarded by the sucoessftil 
monarch, in the first year of his reign, (l48Si> by a 
giant for lifo of all the lands which had belonged to 
George, Duke of Clarence, in the county of Rut- 
land, being at the same time appointed steward and 
receiver of divers other manon in that shire, and in 
the county of York. In the next year having 
achieved a victory for the king, at Stoke, over the 
impostor Lambert Simnd, be obtained a grant 
from the crown of Ravysbury, in the county of 
Surrey, and in 1480, by letten patent, dated 89rd 
December, in that year, the lordship of Coles 
Hill, in the county of Warwick, forfoited by Sir 
Simon Montfoct, the previous year. In 1496, Sir 
Simon Digby, was commissioned to exercise martial 
law in the countiea of Devon and Cornwall, against 
several maletectors; and he filled the office of sherilT 
for Leicester and Warwickahires, in 1000, and 1517. 
He m. Alida, daughter of John Walleys, Esq., of 
East Raddon, in the county of Devcm, and had 

RaoiwALD, his successor. 
Thomas, whose descendant, 

Thomas Digby, Esq., of Mansfield Wood- 
house, M.P., left a son* John, who died 
«. p,, and two daughters, (co-heirs to their 
brother,) via. 

Frances, m. in 1796, to Sir Thomas 

Legard, Bart. 
PhihMlelphia, m. in 1780, to Sir George 
Cayley, Bart. 
Catherine, m. to Anthony Worth, Esq., of 

Worth. 
9 A 177 



DIG 



DIN 



AgMt, m. to William Tracy, Biq., of Todington. 
Alice, m. to Robert CUfton. Esq. 
Sir Simon Digby, d, 27th February, 151)9, and waa 
«. by bis eider son, 

REGINALD DIGBY, Esq., of Coles Hill, sheriff 
of Leicestershire, for the 26th and 36th years of 
Henry VIIL, m. Anne, daughter and oo-heir of 
John Danven, Esq., of Calthorpe, in tha county of 
Oxford, and dying 2Ath April, 1540, was «. by his 
soils 

JOHN DIGBY, Baq., of Coks HiU. who m, 
Anne, ddest daughter of Sir George Throgmorton, 
and dying tfth November, 1558, was «. by his 



SIR GEORGE DIGBY, who reoelTed the honour 
of knighthood for bla lerrloes at the siege of Zut- 
phen, in Flanders, from Robert, Earl of Leicester, 
In the sath of Elisabeth. TUs gentleman 'm, Abigail, 
daughter of Sir Arthur Hennlngham, Knt., of 
Ketterin^um, in the county of Norf<dk, and had 
issue, 

RosnKT (Sir), whose son, Robert Digby, was 
elevated to the peerage of Irdand, in 1620, 
as BAROif DioBY, which barony now 
merges in the Eakldom op Dioby, eqjoyed 
by bla lordship's descendants. 
Philip. 

JoHir, of whom presently. 
Sir George Digby, d, 4th February, 1586, and waa «. 
by his dder son. Sir Robert Digby, but we pass to 
the younger son, 

SIR JOHN DIGBY, Knt, who having ailed 
some high situations in the court ot James I., and 
being twice accredited ambasaador to the court of 
Spain, waa devatad to the peerage, on the 26th 
November, 1618, as Babok Diobt, qf Sherborne, in 
the etnmtif ef HoreeL His lordship was subse- 
quently employed upon diflbrent cmbaaales, but 
particularly to the court of Spain, in 1622, touching 
a marriage be t ween Prince Charles, and the Lady 
Maria, when he waa created Eabx. op Bbibtol. In 
1624, his lordship had a dlArenoe with the Duke 
of Buckingham, and they mutually impeached each 
other. From that period he lived in retirement, 
until the breaking out of the dvil war, in which he 
first aided with the parliament, but afterwards 
went over to the king, and eventually withdrew 
into Franca. The earl m. Beatrix, daughter of 
Charles Walcot, Esq., of Walcol, in the county of 
Salop, and had issue, 

Obobob, his succ es sor, 

John, who was a general of hone, in Lord 

Hopton's army, and afterwards a secular 

prteet, at Pontolae, in France, d. after the 

restoration. 

Abigail, m. George Freke, Esq., of Shroton, in 

the county of Doiaet, and died «. jx. 
Mary, m. to Arthur, Earl of Donegal, had no 
surviving issue. 
His lordship d. in 1652, and waa «. by his elder 
son, 

GEORGE DIGBY, second Earl of Bristol, ILG. 
This nobleman suflteed considerably during the civil 
wars, havhighad bis estates confiscated, and himself 
banished. He lived, however, to be restored with 
the monarchy, to his country and fortune i but 
178 



having become a Roman catludlc while abroad, he 
was thereby incapacitated from holding any place 
in the government. His lordship Is noticed by • 
Walpole, as an author, and a person of singularity, 
whose life was one contradiction. '< He wrote 
against popery, and embraced it. He was a se*- 
lous opposer of the court, and a sacrifice for it; 
was conscientiously converted in the midst of his 
prosecution of Lord Straflbrd, and was most un- 
conscientlously a prosecutor of Lord Clarendon. 
With great parts, he always hurt himself and his 
friends. With romantic bravery, he was always 
an unsucceasAil commander. He spoke for the 
Test Act, though a Roman Catholic ; and addicted 
himsdf to astrology, on the birth-day of true 
philoeophy.'* His lordship m. Anne, daughter 
of Francb, fourth Earl of Bedford, by whom he 
had issue, 

John, his suc cess or. 

Francis, slain in the sea-fight with the Dutdi, 
20th May, 1672, and ({.without Issue. 

Diana, m. to the Baron Moll, in Flanders. 

Anne, m, to Robert, Earl of Sunderland, from 
whom descend the Dukes of MarllxMrottgh, 
and the Earls of Spencer. 
His lordship d, in 1676, and was «. by his only sur- 
vivlngson, 

JOHN DIGBY, third Earl of Briatol, who m. first, 
Alice, dau^ter and heiress of Robert Bourne, Esq., 
of Blackball, in the county of Essex t and secondly, 
Rachad, daughter of Sir Hugh Windham, Knt, 
but having no issue, the Babony op Dioby, and 
the Earldom op Bbibtol, became, at his lord- 
ship's decease, in 16B8, bxtiwct, while his large 
estates devolved upon his only surviving sister, 
Anne, Countess of Sunderland, whose son, George, 
third Earl of Sunderland, married, for his second 
wife, Anne, second daughter of John, first, and 
celebrated Ditkb op Mablbobouor. 

ABiia.— Ax. a Fleur de lis ar. with a mullet for 
dlflbrence. 

DINAN— BARON DINAN. 

By Writ of Summons, dated 23d January 1296, 
23d Edward L 

ICincagi. 

The surname of DiWAif ^>pears to have been first 
adopted by Fouke, one of the knights of Roger de 
Montgomery, Earl of Shrewsbury, upon whom that 
nobleman con te rre d the castle which he had erected 
at 2NiMiN,(iiow called Ludlow), and he was thence 
designated Sir Fouke de Dlnan. 

6EFFERY DINAN had summons, with other 
persons of not^ in 41 Henry III., to repair to the 
king at Bristol, well fitted with horse and aims, in 
order to march against the Wddi. He died In two 
years afterwards, seised of the manor of Hertland, 
in the county of Devon, which he held by service of 
two knights' foes, and was «. by Us son, 

OLIVER DINAN, who, upon doing homage in 
48 Henry III., had Uvery of his lands. This OUver, 
having married Isabd, widow of John de Courtenay, 
without licanse, had to pay a fine of £100. to the 
crown In ooniequeBce. In 14 Edward I. be procured 



BIN 



DOD 



the rofd dianer for IVm wwnn in all hif deriMOM 
lands ia the oountiet of Devoo, SomeneC and Corn- 
wall; and mm mmmoned to parHamctit aa » Barow, 
fram S3d June, 119ft» to ttth December/ IflW, and 
dying in tlie fMlowing jrear, was «. by lila eon* 

JOSCE DINAN, Moond Baron DInan, but never 
sanunooed to parliament ; be died loon after hie 
Ctther (S9 Edward !.)» iMvlng two ions* Tie. 
John. Me ittccenor. 

Oliver, who d. in SO Edwted III. and left a 
son, 
OliTer, who left, by his first wUis, a son, 
Oliver, who died «. p. i and by his second, 
Mainaret, daughter of Richard de Hydon, 
three dai^hters, vis. 
Maigeret, m, to William de Asthorpft 
Ekne, 1 
Issbel,)»«»* 
Thedderson, 

JOHN DINAN, succeeded his Ikther, and was 
succeeded himself by his son, 

JOHN DINAN, (Dynant, or Dynham, as the 
name was diflfarcntly written,) of Hertland, fourth 
tmran, but never summoned to parliament. He m. 
Joane, daughter ot Sir Thomas Courtenay and Mu- 
riell, his wif^ daughter and co-heir of John, Lord 
liodls I which Joane was heiress ot her brother. Sir 
Hu^C<rartenay,Knt. To this nobleman su cce ed e d 
his son, 

JOHN DYNHAM, fifth baron, but not sum- 
moned to parliament He m. a daughter of Lord 
Lovell, and was 9. by hb son, 

SIR JOHN DYNHAM, sixth baron, who served 
in the wars of King Henry VI., and died in the aeth 
of that monarch, leaving by his wife, Joane, daugh- 
ter and heiress of Richard de Arches, the following 
issuer 

JoHir, his successor. 

Elizabeth, m. first, Fouke, Lord Fltx-Warren, 

and secondly, to Sir John Sa pc oa t e, Knt. 
Joane, m. to John, Lord Zouche, of Uarring- 

worth. 
Margaret, in. to Sir John Carewe, Knt. 
Catherine, m. to Sir Thomas Arundel, Knt 
Sir John Dynham was «. by his son, 

SIR JOHN DYNHAM, Knt, who being in high 
favour with King Edward IV., was summoned to 
parliament as a Baiiom,* by that monarch, on the 
28th February 1406, and continuing one of the most 
sealous and gallant supporters ot the Houie of 
York, his k>rdship obtained, in two years after- 
wards, the custody of the Forest of Dartmore, with 
extensive territorial grants, amongst which were 
several manors, part of the posseHions of Humphrey 
Staflbrd, Earl of Devon, then in the crown, by 
reason of the death of that earl, without issue, and 
the forfeiture of Thomas Courtenay, Earl of Devon. 
In 15 Edward IV. Lord Dynham was sworn of the 
privy council, and had a grant of an annuity of one 

e No writ of summons having issued for several 
generations, (fkom the reign of Edward I.,) Sir John 
Dynham, although unquestionably a Bahon by de- 
scant, is presumed to have been only raised to the 
dignity by this writ: and this lias been dMmed erro- 
neously a new creation. 



hvndred marks for his attendaaee on thataervice, to 
be received out of the petty customs in the Port of 
London; in which ofllce of Privy Counsellor he 
was continued by King Henry VIL, and constituted 
by that monarch Treasurer of the Exchequer. Hie 
lordship was also a Knight of the Garter. He m. 
Elisabeth, daughter and heiress of Walter, Lord 
Fits Walter, and widow of Sir John RatcliA; but 
dying without issue, about the year IMO, his ba- 
rony, supposing it a new creation, bzpibbd ; but 
tkat created by the writ of Edward I. fell into 
ABXYANca between his heirs at law, and so con- 
tinues amongst their representatives. Those heirs 
were, 

Elisabeth, Us lordship's sister, widow of Sir 

Fulke Fits Warine. 
Joane, his lordship's sister, widow of John, Lord 

Zouche, of Haryngworth. 
Sir Edmund Carewe, his lords&ip's nephew, son 

of his sister Margaret, Lady Carewcb 
Sir John Arundel, K.B., of Lanbeme, in the 
county of Cornwall, his lordship's nephew, 
son of his sister Catherine, Lady Arund^ 
This Sir John Arundel m. first, Eleanor, 
daughter of Thomas Grey, Marquess of Dor- 
set, from which union the noble fiunily of 
AauNDBL or Warooue derives. 
Arms.— Gu. a fease Dancettte Eimineb 



DODDINOTON — BARON MEL- 
COMBE, OF MELCOMBE 
REGIS, IN THE COUNTY 
OF DORSET. 

By Letters Patent, dated in April, ITU. 

ICiiuagc. 

GEORGE BUBB, Esq., assumed by Act of PRr- 
liament, in pursuance of the testamentary i^Jun^ 
tion of his maternal uncle, George Doddington, 
Esq., of Eastbury, in the county of Donet, the sur- 
name of DoooiHOTOiir I and under that deslgnRtion 
was a very eminent personage in the rdgns of 
George L and George II. i during which period, he 
was member of perliament for Bridgewater, Wey- 
mouth and Mdcombe Regis, and held many political 
posts of importanco, being at one time Envoy Ex- 
traordinary at the Court of Spain i but his own 
curious and wdl-known Diary, published after his 
decease, best shews the high place he held in publie 
life. He was elevated to the peerage in April, 1781, 
by the title of Lord Mblcombb, of Melcombe 
Regis, l« the county of DorMt; but dying in the 
following year, unmarried, die dignity became bx- 
TiircT. This nobleman is so generally known, that 
it would be a work of supererogation to enter more 
into detail ngarding him upon the present occasion. 
His mansion at Eastbury, when finished by his lord- 
ship, was estecmod a most superb and costly struc 
ture; it passed, at his decease, to the p r e se n t Duke 
of Buckingham, and was puUed down and sold 
pieco.meal; but the bulk of his fortune he left to 
Thomas Wyndam, Esq., of Wyndham. 

ARMe.^Ar. a chevron between three buglo horns, 
sa. 

m 



DOR 



DOU 



DORMBR-EARL8 OF CARNARVON. 

By L«tt«rf Patent, dated ittd Augiut, lfl9& 

ROBERT DORMER, (Km of the Hon. MTilUam 
Dormer, and AUce, daughter of Sir Richard MoU- 
neaux, of Sefton,) tuoceeded ai Mcond Baroit Dor- 
MBR, 9f WengBt on the deoeaie of his grandfather, 
Robert, flrtt lord. In 1916, and wa* advanced on 9nd 
Attgutt, 1688, to the Ylmxwnty t^fAaaot, and Eari^ 
DOM OP Carkarvon. His lordship, who took up 
arms in the royal cause during the civil wan, was 
eminently distinguished as a military leader in those 
unhappy times. In the year 1643 he had the com- 
mand of a r^ment of horse, and went with Prince 
Rupert, the Marquess of Hertford, Prince Maurice, 
and Cokmel Howard, into Dorsetshire, and charged 
as a volunteer in Sir John Byron's regiment, at the 
battle of Roundway-down, in the county of Wilts; 
after which he joined the king before Gloucester, 
being then a general of horse, but was slain at New- 
bury on the SNHh September following. Of this 
gallant person Lord Clarendon gives the following 
account; — *' Before the war, though his education 
was adorned by travd, and an exact observation of 
the manners of more nations than our common 
travellers use to visit, (for he had, after the view of 
Spain, France, and most parts of Italy, spent some 
time in Turkey, and those eastern countries,) he 
sflfiiifd to be wholly delighted with those looser 
exercises of pleasure, hunting, hawking, and the 
like, in which the nobility of that time too much 
delighted to exceL After the troubles however 
b^gan, having the command of the first or second 
regiment of horse, that was raised for the king's 
service, he wholly gave himsdf up to the oflBce and 
duty of a soldier, no man more diligently obeying, 
or more dexterously commanding; for he was not 
only of a very keen courage in the exposing of his 
person, but an exodlent discemer and pursuer of 
advantage upon his enemy. He had a mind and 
understanding very present in the article of danger, 
which is a rare benefit in that profession. Those 
Infirmities, and that lioenoe which he had formerly 
Indulged to himsdf, he put off with severity, when 
others thought them excusable under the notion of 
a soldier. He was a great lover of Justice, and 
pvactised it then most ddiberately, when he had 
power to do wrong; and so strict in the observation 
of his word and promise as a commander, that he 
could not be persuaded to stay in the west, when he 
fiound it not in his powwr to perform the agreement 
which he had made with Dorchester and Weymouth. 
If he had lived he would have proved a great orna- 
ment to that profession, and an excdlent soldier; 
and by his death the king found a sensible weakness 
ia his army." His lordship m. Anna-Sophia, daugh- 
ter of Philip Herbert, Earl of Pemteoke and Mont- 
gomery, and was #. by his only son, 

CHARLES DORMER, third Baron Dormer, and 
•eoond Bail of Carnarvon. This nobleman m. 
Bliaabeth, daughter of Arthur, Lord Capel, by 
whom he had surviving issue, 

Bliiabeth, m. to Philip Stanhope, Eari of Ghes- 
terflekL 



Isabella, m. to Charles Coote, fieri of Mount- 
rath. 
Anna-Sophia, d. of the small-pox, unmarried, 
in the twenty second year of her age, anno 
IflW. 
His lordship m. secondly, Mary, daughter of Mon- 
tagu Bertie. Earl of Lindsay, but had no issue. He 
d. on the S9th November, 17W» when the Earldom 
OP Carnarvon became bxtinct, while the Ba- 
rony OP DoRMSR devolved upon his kinsman. 
Rowland Dormer, Esq., of Grove Park, in the 
county of Warwick, great grandson of Robert, first 
lord, through his second son, the Hon. Anthony 
Dormer; and is still extant. 

Arms.— As. ten billeu, fourth, third, second, and 
first, or. in a chief of the second, a demi Hon issuant, 
sa. armed and langued, gu. 

DOUGLAS— DUKES OF DOVER. 
By Letters Patent, dated S0th May, 1706. 

Xincagc. 

JAMES DOUGLAS, who succeeded his tether in 
1696, as second Ddxb op Qurrnbbury, in the 
Scottish peerage, having taken a prominent part in 
the revolution, was appointed in 16BS one of the 
lords of the treasury in Scotland, and the following 
year had a patent to sit and vote in the parliament 
of that kingdom as xx>rd hioh TRSAauRRR.* After 
his accession to the Dukedom of Queensbury, his 
grace was made by King William lord privy seal of 
Scotland, and one of the extraordinary lords of 
Session; and in 1700 appointed lord high commis- 
sioner to represent the king in the parliament of 
Scotland, where he held two sessions under two 
distinct patents. Upon his return to court his grace 
was dected a Knight of the most nOble order of the 
Garter t and at Queen Anne's accession to the crown, 
he was made secretary of State for Scotland. In 
1708 he, for the fourth time, filled the office of knrd 
high commissioner, and again in 1706, being the last 
session of the parliament of Scotland, in which, 
with the utmost eflbrts, his grace carried the mea- 
sure of Union b e t wee n the two kingdoms. For all 
these eminent services the duke was rewarded with 
a pension of £3,000 a year out of the post-ofllce, and 
the first peerage of Great Britain, under the titles of 
Boron Rippon, Marqueu i^f BeotHetf, and Dukb op 
DovBR, with remainder to his second son, Charles, 
Earl of Solway. His grace m. Mary, second daugh- 
ter of Charles, Lord Cliflbrd, and grand-daughter 
of Richard Boyle, Earl of Burlington and Cork, and 
had, with other issue, 

James, an imbedle. 

Charlbb, ^. Mth November, 1006, created 17th 
June, 1706, Yiaoount Tlbbers, and Earl of 
Solway. 

George, ft. SOth Feteuary, 1701. 



• The ofllcen of state in Scotland, prior to the 
union, had seats In parliament ex-offlcio» and when 
an office was placed in conunissioB the crown had 
the privUage to appoint any one person to repnsent 
the said office in parliament. 



DOU 



DUD 



Jtiatt, m. flfh April, 17*0, to the Barl of D«l- 

keitb. 
Anne, m. Sfth Jainuny, ITS, to the Hon. Wm. 
Findi. 
The duke d. In 1711, and «m «. by his eldest mirTly- 
ingMD, 

CHARLES DOUGLAS, Berl of Sdway, >■ Moond 
Duke of Dorer. Hie grace m. 10th Moch, 1710, 
Lady Catherine Hyde, leoond daughter of Henry, 
Earl of Clarflndon and Rocherter, and had two 



DUDLEY — VISCOUNTS L*I8LE, 
EARLS OF WARWICK, 
DUKE OF NORTHUM. 
BERLAND. 



HsiTBT, Earl of Dnunlanrig, m. 1764, Lady 
Eliiabeth Hope, and was kiUed a flew monthi 
after by the accidental diacharge of hla own 
piatoL 
Charlea, d. In 17M. 
The duke d. at the age of eighty, on the S9nd Oc- 
tober, 1778, and leaving no imie, the Duksoom op 
DoTsn, and his other Britiih honours, became bk- 
TivcT. The Scottish dignities devolred upon the 
heir at law, and are now eiOoyed in part by the 
Dttkeof Bucdeugh, and in pwt by the Marquess of 
Queenslrary. 

ABiiair>i^nartsrly, first and fourth, ar. a heart, 
gu. crowned with an Impoial crown, or. on e chief, 
ae. three mullets of the field, for Douglas ; second 
and third, a bend between six u osi n osi l ets, fltche, 
or, (for the Earldom of Marr,) the whole within a 
bordure, or, charged with a double treasure fleury 
and counter fieury of the second,being an augmen- 
tationt as was ako the heart in the first quarter, 
used in memory of the pilgrimage made by Sir James 
Douglas, anoastor of his grace, to the Holy Land, hi 
the year 1330, with the heart of King Robert Bruce, 
which was there interred according to that monarch's 
own desire Thedoubletressure was added by King 
Charles IL, when he honoured the family with the 
Marqnisate of Queansbury, the bordure previously 



DOUGLAS— BARON DOUGLAS, OF 
AMBRESBURY. 

By Letters Patent, dated 91st August, 1786. 

WILLIAM DOUGLAS, third Earl of March, 
who succeeded in 1778> as fourth Duke of Queens- 
berry, in Scotland, was created a peer of Great BrI- 
tain, on the 81st August, 1786, as Baaon Douolas, 
qf Ambirt/lmnff <« M« «otmiy nf WUU» but dying 
unmarried in 1810, the barony became nxTiircT. 

Amira.— Four grand quarterln^i, via. first and 
fourth, quarterly: first and fourth, ar. a human 
heart gules, imperially crowned ppr. on a chief as. 
three mullets of the firid, for DovouLs; second and 
thtad, aiL a bend betw.: six cross-crossleu, fltch^, 
or. for MAan, all within a bordure of the last, 
charged with the double treisure of Scotland, which 
tressure was added by King Charles IL, when he 
honoured the funily with the Marquisate of 
Queensberry i second and third grand quarters, gu. 
a Hon rampant, ar. within a bordure of the last, 
charged with eight roses of the fint, for Maror. 



Viscounty, 

Earldom, 

Dukedom 






1 19th March, 1A48. 



17th Febu. 1547. 



Letters 

**•••*' j lith Oct, lui. 
Uintagc. 

SIR JOHN SUTTON, K.O., fourth Baron 
Dudley, of that family, m. Elisabeth, daughter and 
co-heir of Sir John Berkeley, KnL, of Bevestoo, and 
widow of Sir Edward Charlton, Lord Fowls, and 
had with other issue, John, his lecond son, who 
assuming the name of Dudley, became 

JOHN DUDLEY; thU genUeman m. Elisabeth, 
one of the daughters and co-heirs of John Bramshot, 
Esq., of Bramshot, and wss father of 

EDMUND DUDLEY, so well known, with his 
ocdleague, Richard Empson, tm the rapacious minis- 
ter of King Henry VII. Dudley was brought up 
to the bar, having studied at Gray's Inn, and before 
he entered the lervice of the king, he had attained 
considerable eminence in his profesaion. Upon the 
a ccoasl on of Henry, he was sworn of the privy coun- 
cil, and he subsequently filled the speaker's chair 
of the House of Commons; whilst in the latter 
office, they were about making him a seijeent-at- 
law, when he petitioned the king, for what reason 
does not appear, that he might be discharged ftom 
assuming that dignity. This occurred in the IMh 
of Henry VII., and in three yean afterwards, he 
obtained the stewardship of the rape of Hastings, 
in the county of Suflblk. '* Whether, (writes Dug- 
dale,) Dudley, with Richard Empson, another 
lawyer, son to a sieve-maker, discerning King 
Henry to be of a fhigal disposition, did first pro- 
ject the taking advantage against such as had trans- 
gressed the penal laws, by exacting from them the 
forfeitures according to those statutes ; or whether 
the king perceiving so fUr a gap open, to rake vast 
sums of money from his sutdccts, finding 'those 
persons to be fit instruments for his purpose, did 
put them upon such courses for filling his coflbre, 
'tis hard to say. But certain It Is, that theae were 
they, whom he constituted his JtmUeea fiteatea, 
(Dudley being an eminent man, and one that could 
put hatefol busineis into good language, as Lord 
Verulam saith.)" The extortions of those men 
exciting univosal clamour, Henry VIII. com- 
menced his reign, by the popular acts of submitting 
their oppreisive conduct to judicial investigation 
before a criminal court; Dudley was tried at 
Guildhall, In thedty of London, and Empson at 
Northampton, and both being found guilty, were 
beheaded together, on Tower Hill, on the fiSth 
August, in the And year of Henry VIII. Dudley, 
in the day of his power, having obtained the ward- 
ship of Eliaabeth Grey, daughter of Edward, first 
Viscount Lisle, by Eliaabeth TaIbot,^thOgIiter of 
John Talbot, Vlaoount L'Isle, and sister and co- 
heir of Thomas Talbot, second and last Viscount 
L'Isle, of the Shrewsbury fomily, married the lald 
Elisabeth Grey, and left issue by her, 
JoHW, of whom preMBtly. 

181 






DUD 



DUD 



Andxew, (Sir) lATolTsd in the ooniplncy to 
elevate Lady Jane Grey to the throne, and 
received aentenoe of death, in the 1st year 
of Mary. 

Jeromei 

Elizabeth, m. to Winiam. dxth Lord Stoiirton. 
Of these, John, the eldest son, had scarcely attained 
his eighth year at the period of his father's execu- 
tion, and being in ward to Edward Guifibrd, Esq., 
of the body of the king, that gentleman petitioned 
that the attainder of Edmund Dudley might be 
repealed, and obtained a special act of parliament, 
(3rd Henry VIIL,) which restored the said 

JOHN DUDLEY, in name, Mood and degree, 
so that he might inherit all his deceased father's 
lands. From this period twelve years elapsed before 
John Dudley appeared in public, and the first we 
afterwards hear of him is his receiving the ho- 
nour of knighthood from Charles Brandmi, Duke, 
of Suffolk, general of the army sent into France 
against the Duke of Bourbon. In the 19th ot 
Henry VIIL, Sir John Dudley was in the train of 
Cardinal Wolsey upon an embassy into France; 
and in eight years afterwards, «' being the king's 
servant," he was made master of the armory In 
the Tower of London for life, with the wages of 
twelve-pence per day for himself, and three-pence 
per day for his groom in the office. In the 31st of 
the same reign he was appointed master of the 
horse to Anne of Cleves ; and the next year, in the 
Justi held at Westminster, Sir John was ooie of the 
principal challengers, his horse being accoutred 
with white vdvet. In about two years after this he 
was elevated to the peerage, in the ancient dignity 
enjoyed by his mother's family, that of ViacM>vNT 
L'l8i«s, and made, the same year, lord admiral of 
England for life. In this capacity his lordship dis- 
played great gallantry, and did good service against 
France and Scotland. ' «* To say truth," remarks 
Sir John Howard, " he was the minion of that 
time ; so as few things he attempted, but he achiev- 
ed with honour, which made him the more proud 
and afhbitious. Generally he always increased both 
in estimation with the king and authority amongst 
the nobility ; but doubtAil, whether by fatal des- 
tiny to the state, or whether by hi* virtues or ap- 
pearance of virtues." His lordship was one of the 
executors to the will of his royal masto*; and upon 
the accession of Edward VL, he was created Easl 
OP Warwick, with a grant of Warwick Castle; 
At this period he was made lieutenant-general of 
the army, and acquired an accession of military 
fame under the Earl of Hertford, in Picardy 
and Scotland, as well as by his successful defence of 
Boulogne, of which he was governor. In the 3d of 
Edward VI. he tras again made admiral of Eng- 
land, Ireland, and Wales, and the next year consti- 
tuted lord steward of the hous^old. Henoefcnr- 
ward his lordship's ambition appears to have known 
no bounds, and to have hurried him Into acts of 
great baseness and atrocity. Through his intrigues 
the quarrd arose between the Protector Somerset 
and his brother. Lord Thomas Seymour, which 
terminated in the public execution of the latter; 
and he is at this period acc u sed of acquiring con- 
siderable wealth by plunder of the chiirch. In the 

188 



0th of the tame reign he was advanced to the dignity 
of DuKJB or North UMBSRLAND, a peerage whldt, 
by the death of the last earl of Northumberland 
without issue, and the attainder and execution of 
his . brother. Sir Thomas Percy, with the Percy 
estate, became vested in the crown. His grace had 
previously been constituted earl-maishal of Eng- 
land. Having now attained the highest honour in 
the peerage, and power the moat unlimited, the 
duke proceeded, with scarcdy the semblance of re* 
straint, in his ambitious projects; and the Proteo* 
tat Somerset, one (rf his earliest and steadiest pa- 
trons, soon f(dl a victim to their advancement. 
That distlnguiahed personage was arraigned, through 
the intrigue of Northumberland, before his peers, 
and though acquitted of high treason, was ton- 
demned for friiony, and sentenced to be hanged.' 
The eventual fate of this unhappy nobleman is 
well known, and, considering his own conduct to 
his brother, not deplored. He was executed by de* 
capitaticm on Tower HIU. From the death of So- 
merset, the Duke of Northumberland became so 
unremitting in his attentions upon the king, and 
had so much influence over him, that he prevailed 
upon his mejesty to sign and seal a patent conferring 
the succession upon Lady Jane Grey, the wife of his 
son. Lord Guilford Dudley. His subseqiient ef- 
forts, after the decease of Edward VI., to estab- 
lish this patent by force of arms, proving abortive, 
he was arrested, upon a diai^ of high treason, at' 
Cambridge, and being condemned thereof, he was 
beheaded, on Tower Hill, upon the 8Sd of August, 
1563, when all his honours became forfeited under 
the attainder. His grace m. Jane, daughter of Sir 
Edward GuUfwd, Knt., and had issue, 
Henry, died at the siege of Bologneb 
John, Earl of Warwick, d. in the lii!»-tijne of 

his father, s. p. 
Ambrose, created Earl op Warwick. (See 

Dudley, Earl of Warwick.) 
Guilford, who m. Lady Janji Grjiy, eldest 
daughter of Henry, Duke of Suflblk, by 
Mary, Queen Dowager of France, and sister 
of King Henry VIIL Lady Jane Grey was 
therefore grand-niece to King Henry VIIL 
Lord Guilford Dudley was attainted and be- 
headed with his father. 
Robert, K.O., created beron of Denbigh and 

Earl of Leicester. (See those dignities.) 
Henry, shun at St. Quintin. 
Charles, d, young. ^a r \. 

. Mary, m. Sir Henry Sidney, K.G »^ UMHh^U. 
CatEoine, nuiaeaiy Haaongs, Earl of Hun- 
tingdon. 
Arm8«— Or. a Uon rampant, ax. double quevee. 

vert. 
NoTx.— John Sutton, the seventh Lord Dudley of 
that fiunily, disposed of Dudley Castle to the Duke 
of Northumberland, and having alienated other pro- 
perty, was ever afterwards known as Lord Qwm- 
dam, 

DUDLEY— DUCHESS OF DUDLEY. 

By Letters Patent, dated 83rd May, 1644. 

ICincagc. 

ROBERT DUDLEY, Earl of Leicester, the noto- 



DUD 



DUD 



rknu DiVoaTlt* of Queen Elinbeth, married far hie 
McoDd wife, DcHiglM Howard, dau^iter of William, 
Lord EHIngham, and widow of John, Lord Shef- 
fldd, tiy whom he had an only ton, 

ROBSKT. 

The earl apfitrttending a diminution of hit influ- 
ence with hia royal mistteas, made an attempt to 
get rid of tUa wite, aa he did of hia first, the un- 
happy Amy Roboot, hy poiaon, but Ineflhctually. 
He repudiated her, iiowever, and denied hia mar- 
riage---but he bequeathed, at hli deoeaie, the greater 
part of hia proper ty to their iiaue, calling hin« 
nevertheleM, hia baae son, 

SIR ROBERT DUDLEY, who having In vahi 
endeavoured to establiah his legitimaqri retired In 
umbrage to Italy : whence, through the influence of 
hia enemies, being summoned to return,' and dia- 
obeying the mandate his lands wcra seized under 
the statute of fugiUves. Sir Robert m. Alice Leigh, 
daughter of Sir Thomas Leigh, Bart., and his wife, 
Catharine, daughter of Sir John Spencer, of Worm- 
Idghton, in the county of Warwick, and aun