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Obsolete and Uncommon Words^ 








&c. &c. 






"-.» - » 

• • • • 


- • < 














The prevailing ardour for rescuing the Works 
of our old Poets and Dramatic Authors from the 
oblivion to which they were fast approaching, is 
creditable to the taste and liberality of the age; new 
editions of the old Drama, collectively, and of the 
separate Works of Peele, Greene, Webster, 
Marlowe, Ford, Massinger, and others have 
recently been published: the Works of Chaucer 
and Spenser have been repeatedly reprinted, but 
the Glossaries appended to them have been both 
meagre and unsatisfactory. Notwithstanding the 
numerous Commentaries on the Works of Shake- 
speare, it is an undeniable fact that many of the 
peculiar phrases and local allusions abounding in his 
Works, have neither been properly defined or satis- 
factorily elucidated ; this defect has arisen from the 
want of a competent knowledge of the dialect of the 
Midland Counties. Numerous words used by Shake- 
speare being local, are not to be found in any 
eotemporary Author, and hence the Commentators, 
unacquainted with the Archaisms of the County of 
Stafford and other adjoining Counties^ were pusucled 


to find among their philological researches the de- 
riyation and definition of those words, and therefore 
adopted many very fanciful and some very absurd 
ones. The words blood bolter'd may be adduced, 
among others, to prove the fact. The definition of 
Warburton, adopted by Malone^ has no analogy 
with the true meaning of the word bolter, which is 
purely local and in use at the present day. 

The Author of the present Work, without pre- 
tending to the critical acumen of his Predecessors, 
has, he flatters himself, elucidated the meaning of 
many words hitherto unexplained or improperly 
defined; but where he has taken the liberty of dif- 
fering with persons whose names deservedly rank 
high as philologists, he trusts he has done so with 
the deference which ought always to be paid to the 
superior talents and great authority of the Authors. 




A. This letter ^as fbrmerly used as a prefix to 
many words now become obsolete^ in some it is 
still retained by the vulgar; as^ abear, ado^ adays, 
acold, abed, aweary, adream, &c.: but aggrate, 
adread, addeem/and others are now wholly dis- 
used; ameliorate, amidst, abroach^ abroad, &c. 
still retain their place in otir vernacular tongue 

As present acre And eke posterite 

May be adread with honour or revengre. 


I gin to be aweary of the siin. 


He 9CGn& to foe addeem*d so woithless, base. 

Daniel's Civil War. 

Aback (S. on6^c), on baclc, backwards; also, to 
put behind, or retard. 

He shall aye find tiiat Uie trew man 

Was put abaeke, whereas the fialshede 

. Yfurthered was. 
- ' CifAueiR's CoMrLA.iNT or TUX Black Knight. 



A noble heart onghtnotihe sooner yield. 
Not shrinke abacke for any weal or woe. 


But when they came where thou thy skill didst shew. 
They drew abacke. 

Spbnsbr's Pastorals. 

Aband (F,, abfmfionrxer), to ^abandon, of which 
word it is a cc^a traction ; to resign, quit, desert^ 
forsake; and, according* to its primary sigpnifica* 
tioD, to band or put in bondag^e. 

All pleasures quite and joys he did aband. 

Mirr. FOR Mao. 

The barons of this land 
For him tranvailed sore, and brought him out of band. 

Rob. Gloucestbr^s Curov. 

Abast (B. bastardd), an illegitimate child or bas- 

Bast Ywain he was yhote. 

For he was bigetam^fu^, CrOditwote. 

Talb of Merliv. 

Abate (S, beatan, F. abhatre)^ to deject, subdue, 
dispirit; in its more modem sense, it signifies to 
beat down, subtract. 

This iron world 

Brings down the stouteat hearts to lowest atate. 
For misery doth bravest minds tUnUe. 

Spbn8br*s Mother Hubbard's Talb. 

Tin at length 

Your ignQranee deliver you 

As most abated captives. 


Abatyde, lowered, cast down. See " Abate." 

Doon he felle deed to grounde, 
Gronynge teste, with grymly wounde ; 
Alle the baaen tliat Chrysten found 
They were MMyde, 



Abawe (F. d bcui), to abash, daunt^ astonish, 

My conut^ance is nicete 

And. 9l abawed whereso I be. 

Chaccbe*8 Drbms. 
For toch another as I gesse 

Afome ne was, ne more vermaile 

I was abawed for merriele. 

Chavcbr's Rom. of tbs Rosb. 

Abayb (F. abboi), at bay^ envirooed by enemies. 

Olf he mygrhte come on cas 
When by hym so hound aba^e, 


Abear (S. abaran), to bear, to demean, as ap« 
plied to courage or behaviour. 

Thva did fhe genUe knight himsttf ubiart 
Amongst that rustic route. 

SrBNsaa't F. Qvsait. 

Abedge> the same as Aby; to pay dear for, or 

Ttiere durst no wight hond on him ledge. 
But he ne swate he shold akedge. 

Chaucbr*s Rbtb*8 Ta&b. 

Abject (L. abjectus), to be degraded to a low or 
mean condition ; also^ the person so degraded or 
brought to contempt, 

I deemed it better so to die. 

Than at my foeman*8 feet an oi^tet lie. 

MiRR. FOR Mao. 
' Rebellion 

Came like itself, in base and abject routs, 

Led on by bloody youth. ' 

K. Hbnrt it. 

I was, at first, as other beasts that graze 

The trodden herb, of dbgeot thon|;lits, and \tm.. 

Par. Lost. 

Ablamd, blinded, made blind. 

With seven walmesboiliUMl, - * 

The walmes han th' abUmd. 

Roift^ OF TBB Smif SAbsi.. 


A noble heart ought not the sooner yield. 
Not shrinke abeuike for any weal or woe. 


Bttt when they came where thou thy skill didst shew, 

They drew abacke. 

Spbn8br*s Pastorals. 

Aband (F., abjanfionner}, to ,abandon» of which 
word it is a "cdtitriiction ; to resign, quit, desert, 
forsake; and, according' to its primary significa* 
tion, to band or put in bondage. 

All pleasures quite and joys he did aband. 

Mirr. for Mao. 

The barons of this land 
For him trauvailed sore, and brought him out of band. 

Rob. Gloucester's Chrov. 

Abast (B. bastardd), an illegitimate child or bas- 

feast Ywain he was yhote, 

.For he was bigeten mbast, God it wote. 

Talb of Merliv. 

Abate (S, beatan, F. ahbatre)^ to deject, subdue, 
dispirit; in its ipore modem sense, it signifies to 
beat down, subtract. 

This iron world 

Brings down the stoutert hearts to lowest Btate, 
For misery doth bravest minds abate. 

Spbnsbr's Mother Hubbard's Tale. 

Till at length 

Your ignoiAaee deliver you 
As most abated captives. 


Abatyde, lowered, cast down. See " Abate." 

Doun he felle deed to grounde, 
Gronynge teste, with grymly wounde ; 
Alle the bMieiB tbat Caiirysten found 
They were tilMjide. 



Abawe (F. d bag), to abash, daunt^ astonish, 

My counteiiaiice is ni^cete 

And.9X aiawed whereso I be. 

Chancer*! Drxms. 
For toch another as I gesse 

Afome ne wasi ne more vermaile 

I was thawed for merrlele. 

Chaucbr's Rom. or mm Rosb, 

Abayb (F. abbot), at bay, enviroaed by enemies. 

Glf he mygrhte come on cas 
When by bym so hound obaife. 

Rotf. OF Ktkoi Alxsa'vnsu. 

Abear (S. abaran), to bear, to demean, as ap- 
plied to oourag^e or behaviour. 

Thna did the gentle knight himstif a^Mr« 

Amongst that rustic route. 

SriNSiR'i F. Quant. 

Abedge, the same as Aby; to pay dear for, or 

Tliere durst no wight hond on him ledge. 
But he ne sw(»e he shold abedge, 

Cuaucsr's Rbtb*8 Tau. 

Abject (L. ab^ectus), to be degraded to a low or 
mean condition ; also, the person so degraded or 
brought to contempt, 

I deemed it better so to die. 

Than at my foeman's I'eet an a^feci lie. 

Mirr. for Mao. 

— — Rebellion 

Came like itself, in base and abject routs. 

Led on by bloody yout3i. ' 

K. Hbnry IT. 

I was, at first, as other beasts that graze 

The trodden herb, ctf abject thouiilits, and low., 

Par. Lost. 

Abland, blinded, made blind. 

W^ seven walmesboiSftikd, • * 

The walmes ban th' abUmd. 

Rom., OF m BmfMM Siois. 


Able (S. abaiy^ to answer for, to make able^ to ei 

Admitted I ay, into her heart I*U able it. 

O. P. Tax Widow's Tbars, 

To sell away all the powder in the kingdom 
To preveat blowing up, 1*11 (Me it. 

Mioni.. Qamb of Canss^ 

Abortive (F. ahortif), untimely, prematurely 
brougrht forth, irreg'ular, out of reason. 

Thou Uriah marktd, otef^tot, roetl&f hof i 
Tboa that wm Nal'd in thy satlvity 
Thf dATf of&iturt* 

If f Tcr ha hATt child, «*oi'Mw ba it. 


Abrads (L. abrado)f to strike with barrenness, to 
waste away by degrees. 

Fiir I woze, and fail I tprad» 
But the old tre was a^rotf . 

Ron. ow tbs Sava]* BAoif . 

Abraham-colour, supposed to be a dingy yellow. 
Archdeacon Nares thinks it a corruption of au- 
burn, which was sometimes written abron, from 
which, by an easy transition, the present word 
came into use ; but the greater probability is, that 
Abraham was depicted in the old tapestries with 
a yellow, or rather an orange tawny, beard, and 
hence that colour, or something nearly resembling 
it, derives its name. Shakspeare describes Slender, 
in the Merry Wives of Windsor, as having a Cain 
coloured beard; and Dryden sarcastically called 
iacob Tonson's hair Judas coloured, t. e. red. The 
4M figures of Cain in arras^ uniformly represe«i 

Cain ^ith a yellow beard^ and Judas with red 
bair; and it is, therefore, not unreasonable to 
Mippose, that Abrabam colour owes \i^ name to a 
- similar cause. In the first folio edition of Shaks' 
' peare, the colour of the heads of the citizens in 
dmoUmus is said to be — some brown, some blacky 
some Ahram; and though in some subsequent edi- 
tions the word has been changed to at/ j»urn, yet it 
1$ more Ifoan probable thai Abram was the true 
reading, and that the editors^ not understanding 
the meaning of Abram coloured, substituted a more' 
common and obvious name. 

Where it the eldest son of Priam> 
That Abraham coloured Trqjaa i 

H^WKiS^^a 0. Pr 

Abraham-men, a cant term for idle and thievish 
vagabonds, who formerly went about the country 
half naked, or drest in fantastical attire, pretending 
to have been mad and discharged from Bethlen^ 
Hospital. A person pretending sickness is still 
said ** to sham Abraham.' ' 

These Abnl^am-men be those that iRyn themieKes to have been 
9t4t fui4 h»|ff \^n Hept ia Bethelem or some other prison. 

Harmbr*s Cavbat por Common CuRSBTORSr 

VaAer what hedf e, I pray yon ? or at tvrhift cott ^ 
Are Uiey padd«rs or il6rp«i-Rien/ i- . > 

Nkw Way to Pay Old Dsbtc, 

Abratde (S. ahredan)^ to awake, to' arisd^ to arouse; 
a start from sleep. 

He had thoght to done hym harme, 
For he smote hym tiurowe the artee ; 
Ipomydoa witb that stroke abfaide. 

Rom. of tux Life of Ipomtdon, 

B 3 

6 . ' A € LOSS ARIA L AND . 

Hie miller is a pexUlouB maii» he sayd. 
And ifttktX he out of his sleepe abraiUie, 

Chavcxk'8 Miuib's Talx^ 

This word is also used by old writers as sjrnoni- 
mans with upbraid, and in many instances is re- 
ferable to breadth or extension, and it is probable 
that braid (broad), %o spelt and pronounced in the 
north, is hence derived ; we still say, broad awake. 
See «'Braide/' 
Abt (S. abidan), to pay dear for, to suffer; some* 
times used for abide or remain. 

Lest to thy peril tiuMi abjfit dear. 

MiDS. NioHT*« Dream, 

But noug;ht that wanteth rest can lon^ aby, 

Spenser's F. Queen. 

Abyche, another way of spellings Aby, and havings 
the same meaning*. 

Then staite in Sander Sydehreche, 

And swore by his fader's sowle he should abyehe. 


il^BYSM (L. abysmus^, a bottomless pit, a great 
deep that cannot be sounded. 

And brutish ignorance ycrept of late 
Out of drad darkness of the deep abyam. 

Spenser's Tears of the Moscb. 

Ac (S. eoc), and. This monosyllable is so fre- 
quently used by the early poets, that it is unneces- 
sary ta giYe many authorities here, as it will be 
repeatedly found in the course of the work.. 

Angys had verament 

A daughter, ftor and tlf^ 
Ac she. was heattw*. sarazine. 

Row. tr TIE -TALB Of MERI4N. 



AcATER (F. achatour pour achetmr, a' buyer or 
caterer), a purveyor of victuals. 

He is my wardrobe-man, my acater. 
Cook, baUer, and steward. 

B. Jon^on's Dbvu. an Ass. 

AoATEs (O.F. achat), food, victuals in general; 
but oftener used to signify delicate viands or sweet- 
meats. The modern word cates is derived from 
this, and perhaps cakes 

When I am eeily and late 

I pinched nat at hem in myn acatg» 


AcciTE (L. cito), to stir, to move, to summon. Ex- 
cite and cite are the modern words expressive of 
the same meaning. 

Anfl what accUes your most wocshipAil thouirht to think so } 

2 Part K. Hbn. xv^ 
He by the senate is accited home 
From weary wars. 

Tit. Avdkonicus. 

AccLOY (F. endouer), to glut, satiate, or surfeit; 
to cloy. 

And whoso it doth full foule himself aceiopetM, 
For office uncommitted cfte anoyeth. 


As when no wind at all there blew, 
No swelling cloud accloiei the air. 

Spbnsbr's F. QmBBx. 

And with uncomely weeds the gentle wave aeelogfe», 

AccoAST (L. eostd), to sail coastwise, to approach 
the side or coast. 

Ne is Uiere hawk that mantled her on ]>erohe, 
Whether high towering of acHoutUig low. 



AcooiL (F. cudlier)y to fold rouud, fo form a circle 
of several folds, to gather together. 

About th« cauldron many cooks meooiUd, 

With hooks and Udles. 

Spbnsb&'s F. Q0Ksir. 

AcooMBRE (F. encombrer)^ to clog, hinder, or stop 

Thro* wine and women ther was Loth accombred, 


He sette not his benefice to hire, 

And lette his shepe acoombre in ^e mire. 


Bale, in his tragedy or interlude called God'9 
Promieea, uses the word to signify destruction or 

AccoURAGE (F. encQurager), to animate, incite^ 
or stir up. 

lliat froward pair she even wold assnag^e, 
When they wold strive due reason to exceed/ 

Bat that same froward twain would accvurage. 
And of her plenty add unto her need. 


AccoY (F. cot), to sooth, appease; also, to render 
coy or diitident. 

Of fair Polana I received was, 

And oft embraced as if that I were he, 

And with kind words accojfed, vowing £;reat love to me. 


Accroach (F. accrocher), to entrench upon, to 
usurpi to draw to. 

In semblapt, as men sayne, is gile. 
And that was proved thiike while ; 
The ship which wende has help accroache 
Drofe all tQ piecesr 


AcHEKB (S. aceocan)y to choke. 

And right anon, frhta Hmscwi aecfli 
Hit bc«0t 9ck€ktd, he shall on him lepe# 

Chaucsr*^s Lbobno op Ahmdnb, 


AcKELH (8. eolian), to cool, to i^uiet passion. 

But veray Ipve is vertae as I fele> 

For ver»)r love may noi my fireile desire aekele. 

CaAucBa*8 CounT of Lom% 

AcKNOW (L. agnosco'), to confess or acknowledge 

Yoa will not be tKkiwoih axti ^tfhjt 'tis wise. 


AooiD (S. eeald)f on coldly wanting heat^ frigid 

Thtu lile thli pewrti Ift frttt dtitrtiMi 
Ae9!d uA hOBfred at tb^gfttt. 

OewBii^ Oojr. Am. 

nif 1^ Mma thiBf that mikM the yoonr UuBbt durlak 
ntkM ne aeold, 

BiAVMOKT AND FtiTona*! FAitBvm BursBWi. 

Aoop (S.eoppe), atthe topi high up, tbe summit; ^^ 
crown of a hill. 

Marry riit'i not in iUhioa ytt) iha wMn a iMod, Ml It 

ttandi otfoip. 


AoosT (F. i eote), on the sides or flanks, from coast 
or accoast, to draw near to the sides« 

Many dtrooi; kniirl^t mud giant 
Rydea aside sa oca*^. 

Ron. or K. AiitAVNSRi. 

AcausiGHT, shook, trembled. 

His feet in his sttirops he streight, 
Th9 stizcyp to-bend, tbe bone aepteighi. 

Ron. of MiRLiy. 

Hie gleman osed his toncri]e» 

The wode aptfight so hy sanse. 

Rom. of K. Alisaunmix. 

AoQUisT (from the French aequerir), any thing 
acquired or gained. 

Bis lerrants he, with new tiequitt 

Of true expoience from this great event* 

With peace and consolation hath dismist, 

Milton's Samps. AooKt;iTSi9« 


AcREMEN (S; acjer), ploughmen, hasbandmen. 

The foulos «p and sonir on boach, 
The aeremen yede to the pkm|^. 

Rom. Lay ls FRSimt. 

Acton (F. koq%tet<m), a piece of defenftive armour, 
made of quilted leather or other strong material, 
worn under the habergeon. 

His MeioH it was all of blartte, 
Uia h^^ttberke, and his shetlda* 

PiacT*! RsLiflvit. Sir Cavlivb. 

Adaffe (P. domter), to daunt, to intimidate. 

Beth not adqfedtot your innocence. 
Bat sharply taketh on your (oavernaUe. 

Ghaocsr's Cixmw of Oxsnford's Tail 

' Adaunt (F. domttr), to discourage or put in fear^ 
to subdue. 

Kias wnUam «l(iiiii<0rf that Ible of WiAyt, 
And made hym bear hym truagre. 

RoBSRT or OLorcssniR*8 CBEOir. 

Wherewith the rebel rather vras the more 
ISncoura^d than otfaim/ftf , 

pANif L*a CiTiL War. 

AoAWE, to daunt, to abate, or kill, from dawe, the 
day ; to take away the day of life ; also, to awake. 

Som wold have hym adawe, 
And som sayd it wasnot lawe. 

RoM. OF Richard C(Bur di Liok. 
But, sir, a man tbat wakeUi out of his sleepe 
He may not sodainly wel taken kepe 
Upon a thing, nor se itparfitdy 
TUl that he be admeed veiHy. 

Chauckr's Merchant's TAuc. 

Am)EEM (S. cfeman), to think, to judge, to be of 

And for revengement of those wrongful smarts, 
Wliich I to others dM inflict afsre, 
4ddeem*4 me to endure this penanee sore. 

$pkn8sr'8 F« Qus«n. 


Re wgnuto be ad4etm*d so woithlcw tefle^ 
As to be mov*d to sach an iolBany. 

•Panisi.*s Civil War. 

Adjuts (L, juro-^utum)^ to assist^ help, or suc- 

Six bftdielors AS bold as he 
' Adjutif^ to his campanle. 

Bin Jonson's Kino's Entkrtainmbnt 

▲T WS|.liVCK. "^ 

Adoors, at doors, at the door. 

U I get in adoors, not the power of the county, nor all my 
Aunt's corses, 6hall disembogue me. 

Bkai7m6nt and Flbtcrbr's Littlb Thisv* 

Adore (L. omo), to gpild or adorn. 

like to the hore 
Congealed drops, which do the mom adore. 

SPBNSBa's P. QirsBN* 

Adotsd (F. dotter), to be over fond. 

It falleth that the most wise 
Ben ottier while of love aifo^ettf. 

Gowkr's Cow. Amaktis. 

Adown (S. adune), down, on the ground. 

Whan Fhcebuit dwelled here in erth ad(mn. 

Chaucer's Manciplx's Talb. 

Thrice did she sink adown. 

Spxnsbr's F. Quebv. 

Adrad, Adread (S. adr(ied)y terror, fright, in 

That high taure, that strange place, 

Which were adrad of no menace. 

GowBa's Con. Am. 

Ther n'as bidfiff, ne herd, ne other hine 

That he ne knew his sleight and his covine, 

Itiey were adradde of him. 

Chaucer's Rbvb's Prol. 

Adventaile, the visor ; sometimes that part of the 
helmet which could be raised to breathe more 

His flwifM^ajritf he gan unlace. 
His head he smote of in the place. 
». Rom. OcTAVtAAr Xnv, 

12 A GLDSSAftlAL Altl>' ' ' - 

Farthoiigli the hosbonde anMd be In nudle, 
The arrows of fhy crabbed eloquence 
Shall iderce his brest and eke his mioeniaile, 

CRAucBK't Clbrk ov OxavFOK»*8 Talb. 

Advisement (F. adtisement), counsel, instruction. 

Perbi^w my tnuccoiir or miifi§einent meet 

Mote stead you much. 

SriNSBB's F. QVKXir. 

Advowrtrib (O. F. avautrie), adultery. See 
''Avetrol.'V • 

At home, because Duke Humphry aye repined. 

Calling his match advowtrie, as it was. 

MiRR. FOR Mao. 

Make letehers and theirpnnks with dewtry 

Commit fantastical advowtrp. 


The old English word spousebreach, which, in the 
time of Wickliffe, was applied to thi^ crime, is 
much more significant than the word adopted from 
the French. 
Advoutresse (F.), an adulteress. 

And thou art the deliverer of all innocents. 

Thou didst help the adtfowtressct that she might be amended. 


Adust (L. adnstus), burnt, scorched, heated. 

Which with torrid heat 

And vapours (as the libian air adwst) 

Bef;an to parch the temperate cUme. 

Paradisb Lost. 
The same adutt complexion has impell*d 

Charles to the convent, Philip to the field. 


Adward (O. F. award)j award, judgment, sen- 

From fearM cowards entrance to fbrestall, 
And fiaint>heart fools whom shew of peril hard. 
Could terrify from fortune's fiire adward, 

Spbnsbr's F. Qubbn*. 

Miry (F. airie), a nest, in its general acceptation, 
but particularly the nest of an eagle, hawk, or 


Other bird of prey, from their building in lofty 

I found ^e phettM&t that ttie hawk doth lear, 

Seekine for safety, bred her a^ey there. 

Drayton's Owl. 
— — ^ Biit I was bom so high. 

Oar aery boiMetli in tlie cedar's top< 

K. Richard hi. 
*-— — - Tlie eagle and the stork 

On clifEs and cedar tops their eyiies build. 

Paraoiss Lost. 

ABATEMENT (O. F. ofaiter)^ teaching-, address, or 

The tluridde hym taughte to play at bal» 
The feorthe a/atemeni in halle. 

RoM. OF Ktng Alisaundrx. 

Apeorme {P. affirmer}, to confirm, make fast. 

Have who the maistry may, 

Afeormed fast is this deray. 


Aferd (O. F. a/erir), made an affair or business of. 

And hoteth hym send fer and nere 
To his justices letters hard 
That tbe counties be •ford. 

Affaite, to defeat, overcome. 

My ftititier ye shall well beleve 

The yonge whelp whi<^ is ufaited. 

GowBR*s Conr. Am. 

Afi^amish (F. affamer), to starve for want of 

With light tliereof I do mjnself sustain. 
And thereon feed my love qfamiaht heart. 

Spbnsbr's Sonnbts. 

Affear (^^.affiitran), to fear. The participle 
affeard is superseded by the modern word afraid; 
the latter, however, is a manifest corruption* 

Were thou a/ered of her eie? 
For of her houde there is no dred. 

GowB]i*8 Coy. Am. 


14 A 6XJ088ABIAL AHP . 

lR^tii8Ciai«lbrowi,KakeaBd|iiUedbenl, . 

Of W ttec* cbildrtn were sore afered, 

Chaucce'8 Pko. to SoMrN«im*« IWoi. 
Eaoli tMBAHng leafe and whiiitting wind they hear, 
Aa ghastly Ira^, does preaflyhim t^ere. 


Be not qfeai^d, the isle is fall of noises. 


Affect (F, affecter), passion^ afTection, love. 

(Shut up thy daughter,— bridle her affects. 

O, P. Gkorgb a Grxs^« 

Fully to knowin without were, 
Frende of affecttt and frende of chere. 


All o'oereome with infinite c^ect 

For his exceeding courtesy. 

Spx^ssb's F. Qvbbk. 

Affeer (F. affier), a word derived from afferers, 
persons who mitigate and settle the amount of fines 
in covrts leet, hence the term is used to denote any 
thing confirmed or reduced to certiunty. 

Great tyranny lay thou tiiy basis sure, 
For goodness does not check theC} wear thou thy wrongs. 
Thy title is qfeer*d. 


Affidavit (L. adfidem dare}, a declaration made 
upon oath. Those persons who, in the time of 
the civil war (temp. Car. 1), sahscrihed the solemn 
league and covenant, held the form of taking an 
oath hy kisshig ihe hook to he idolatrous and 
popish, and instead thereof, introduced the form 
of giving testimony by holding up the right hand. 

Held up his qffidavit hand. 

As ff h' had been to be arraign'd. 


Affile (F. affUer), to make smooth hy filing, to 


work with a file; but figuratiyely^ to speak with 
gentleness or softness. 

For wben he hatli his tongue q/Ued 
With soft iqieeche and with lesynge. 

GowBR*8 Con. Am. 
Fdr well he wiste, when that songe was songe, 
He most preche and well <(fUe his tonge. 

Chauckr's Pro. to Pabponbr's Taic. 

Affined (L. affinis), related lo, whether arising 
from consangainity, association, similarity^ or re- 

If partially affined, or leagued in oAce, 
Thou dost deliver more or less than ti^th. 
Thou art no soldier. 

The hard and soft seem all qffin*d and kin. 

Tbo. and Crbssida. 

AFFRAI9 (F. effrayer), fear ; also, Affraie, the 
verb| to frighten or put in fear. 

But yet I am in great qf^aie 
, Lest thou shouldest do as I sale. 

Chaucbb*8 Rom. ov Ttt Rose. 

Who, full of ghastly fright and cold qgiraie, 

GfMA shut the door. 

Spxnser's F. Quben. 

Tlie stones were of Rynes, the noise dredful and grate. 
It offrtued the Sarazines. 

Robert of Glovcbstbr's Chrok» 

Affrap {IP.frapper), to encounter, to strike down. 

They been amettOf both ready to affrap. 

Spbnser^» F. QuEBsr. 

I have been trained up in warlike stoure, , 

To tossen qn^are and shield, and to t^ap^ 


Affrended (S. freond)y made friends by acts of 
kindness, reconciled. 

Where, when she saw 1b«|; cruel war wbb ended. 
And deadly foes so faithfully ^g^ended. 

Spe^tsbr's F. Qvebn. 

Affret (U. fretia), an encounter, assault, attack, 


o ^ 


They both toother met, 
With dredful force and furious intent, 

dareless of perill, on their fince agret. 

SrENSBR^s F. QuE£?r» 

Tliat with tlie terror of their fierce offteU 

They rudely drove to spround both man and horse. 


Affront (L. ad frontem). This word, in its ori- 
ginal sig-nification^ meant to oppose, to meet face 
to face, to present a hostile front to a person; but 
now it is only used to denote the ofTering^ an in- 
sult or designed offence. 

The men who ellps wherewith poor Rome iiff^tnh hlm» 
All powerleii i^ive proud CKiat'i wrath ft^ pMt«ftSf!i 

0. P. COflNBI«IA» 

Did not tbli ftktal war ci^onl our ooMt \ 
Yft 8ett«it fhou an idlt locker on. 

Airainst Cambello fleroely him addrciti 

Who him affronting soooi to fight 'was ready prest. 

Spiin&br*s F. Qvesn« 
■ ■ ' Unless another 

As like Hermione as is her picture 

4^Von^ his eye. 

WiNTBR*8 Tale. 

Affy (L. affidare), to trust, to have or plight faith ; 
to bind oneself to the performance of any thing, to 

She is fortune yerdly» 
In whom no man should affg. 

Cbaucbr^ Rom. op the Rosb. 

Wedded be thou to ih* hags of hell. 
For daring to ^fy a mighty lord. 

2 Part K. Hen. vi. 

Atield, into the field. 

Tho was peers ful proud, and put hem al to werke. 
In daubing and in delyyng in donge t^elde berynge. 

P. Plowman's Vision* 

We droTe t^eldt and both together heard 
What time the grey fly winds her sultry bom. 


Afine, to purge or dear from iinpurities. 

Nor of the raifliiis have the wine, 
"pll the gnqtes be ripe and wel (^ne 
Before emjpressed. 

Chauckr*! Rom. of tbb Ro». 

Aflight^ WRDt of courage on the approach of dan- 
ger or difficulty. 

Upon Ukis worde her herte afiight, 
Ttkyn kende what was best to doone. 

GowxK*8 Con. Ax. 

Afonge (S.), to receive, reach, undertake, seize. 

Ac his armnre was so strongre. 
The spere n'olde him afonge, 

Rou. or K. Alisaundri. 

Afoot^ on foot ; figuratively, ready for action. 

The game's afoot. 

FoUofw your spirit, and ai>on this charge. 
Cry Qod for Harry, England, and St. George ! 

K. HsN. V. 

Aforne (jjU'forart), before. 

SeUi ye had a prerogatife 

As eldest brother for to raigne aforne. 


Afyghteth, tametb, reducing to subjection, from 
the old French i^ords affieSy affietes, subjects or 
tenants in vassalage. 

Hardy they been and fol of wrake, 
Delfynes they nymeth and cokedrill, 
And afyghteth to heore wiUe. 

RoM. OF K. Alisavndrs. 

Agade, distracted. 

Dame, tfaon art agade 

ThaX thou moanest for the dead. 


Agame (S. gamen)y in game, in jest, in derision. 

I am right glad with you to dwellen here, 
I said bnt agame I W(^ go. 

CuAvcK&*s Taoi AND Crbss, 



Agape (S.geapen), wUhthe mouth wide open; but> 
figuratively, to wouder or admire. 

When their rich retinue long, 

Of horses led and grooms besmeared with g^>ld, 
Dazzles the crowd and sets them all agape. 

„ Par. Lost. 

Agast (S. gesean), to be afraid, frightened ^ to 
gaze with terror or astonishment. 

The mariner was agast that ship that wold not go. 
Lots did they kaste for whom they had that wo. 

RoBKRT OF Gloucester's GHROKr 

Ne how the ground agaat was of the light. 
That was not wont to see the sunue bright. 

Chaucer's Knight's Talk. 

He met a dwarfe that seemed terrified 
With some late peril, which he hardly past, 
Or other accident, which him agast. 

Spbxskr's F. Quben. 

Agate, going, on the way; a word still in use in the 
north of England. 

I pray you, memory, set him a^a^?^ again. 

O. P. Li-vcua* 

A GELT (G. entgelten), forfeited. 

Thir he had i-wrathed your wif. 
Yet had he nowt agelt his lif . 

Rom. of thk Seven Sages. 

Aggrace (L» gratia), kindness, favour; an afTec- 

So goodly purpose they together fond, 
Of kindnesse and of courteous aggrace, 

Spenser's F. Queev. 

Aggrate (It. aggratare), to please, to gratify. 

And eche one sought his lady to e^grate. 


Agilt, to be guilty, to offend. 

He agiUe her nere in othir case, 
So here all wholly his trespasfie. 

Cbavcbr's Rom. of thb Rose. 


Aglet (F. aiguktte), a tagged point used in the 
dress of a man, supplying the place of the mpdern 
. button; sometimes they had the small figure of a 
head cut or impressed upon them. 

Why give him gold enough, and marry him to an imUi baby. 

Tam. of a Sbhbw. 

And on his head a hood with aglets sprad. 
And by his side his hunter's horn. 

Sf«nser*s F. Quebv. 

Agnize (L. agnosco), to acknowledge, confess, or 

The tenor of your princely win from you for to agnize. 

I do agnize 

A natural and prompt alacrity. 


Agnominate (L. agnomino^, to name. 

Which, in memorial of victory. 
Shall be agnominated by our name. 
And talked of by our posterity. 


Agog, eager, elate, on the start. This word is ad- 
mitted to be of doubtful etymology ; sptoe derive 
it from the Saxon gangan, to go ; Dr. Johnson, from 
the low French phrase agogo ; as, ils vivent agogo, 
*' they live to their wish;" but this definition of 
the word does not correspond with its obvious 
meaning. Mr. Boucher thinks it to be of pure Celtic 
origin, from gog, a hill, which, being resolved into 
a gaug, literally, on high, and figuratively, elate; 
but whatever be the primitive derivation of the 
word, it seems reasonable to suppose that it is 
immediately deduced from the Italian agognare, 


to Mrifih Or long for ardently; of this opinion is 
Mr, Brocket, in his Glossary of North Country 
Words, As eagerness and elation have the effect 
of giving expansion to the eyes, we use the word 
goggle eyes to signify large projecting eyes. 

And worst of all, the women that doe 
go with them set them agog that do tarrie. 

Golden Book. 

' Six precious souls and all agog 

To dash through thick and thin. 

CowPER*s John Gilpin. 

A GOOD (S. god), in earnest, heartily. 

Al that time I made her weep agood. 
For I did play a lamentable part. 

Two Gents, of Verona, 

Agrame (S. grtBmian), to vex or displease. 

Sir Guy as tight upsterte 

As man that was •grmmed in haste. 

Gmr OP Warwick. Percy's Reliques. 

And if a man be falsely famed, 
And wol i-make purgacyon, 
Then wed the officers be agramed. 

Chaucer's Plowman's Tale. 

Agraste, shewing grace and favour. 

She £:ranted, and that knight so much agraste. 
That she him taught celestial discipline. 

Spenser's F. Qubbn. 

Agr]^ (F. degrk)y of the first rank, high born, of 
high degree; pre-eminence. 

He was fair and wel hgr^, 

And was a child of gret noblay. 

Talk op Merlin. 
And that was for I should say 
The gri of the field I had to day. 

Life of lpoMn>ON. 

Agrefe^ in grief or with sorrow. 

And nece of Siine, ne take it not agrefe, 

Cbavcbr's Taoi and Cress. 


Agaisk (S. agrisdn, to crash )^ to astonish, frighten ; 
to dread. 

Sach mien mowen of God agri$§. 

Chaucse*8 Plowman's Talk, 

AAd pouring forth their hlood in brutish wise, 
That any iron eyes to see it would agriae. 

Sfkkssii*s F. QrcCK. 

AghoTB) to surfeit^ saturate^ or cloy. 

But I am agroted h^re befome 

To write of bim Uiat in love been forswome. 

Chaucsh's Lbob^d or Goon Womcv. 

AatruB (S gud)t fashion, attire, external appear- 


Thtti gan thU erafty oott]il« to divbo 

How for tho touft th«y mtfiil ^omMlvtt 9iuU§* 

iriNfiR*fi MoTim HpbbarbI Ta&Ii 

fom^timM htr httd iht fondly woold ^fniw. 

lpiNf«ii*f F. QgiBir. 

AiouLiT. See '* Aflet,'' 
Aim (O* F. earner), to guesi. 

Y«t «tUl went oa« which w»y he eeuld aet §iim* 

FAfUFAX'S Tasso. 
I aim*d so near when I si^posM you lor'd. 


But fearing that my Jealous itim might err. 
And SO unworthily disgrace the man. 


Aims, to point at; to cry aime, t, e. to accept a 
challenge, a word derived from archery; literally, 
to consent to or approve of any thing. 

O Brutus, speak ! O say, Seryilius ! 

Why cry youayme! and see us used thus. 


AiREN (Ger. ey), an egg. This word is sometimes 
spelt ayren and eyren. 

Men to hym threowe dirt and dongOy 

With foule airen, 

Rom. ov K. ALi8A9Ni>mi« 

AiRLE-PENNY. Tbis word is of remote aDtiqui'ly, 
and refers to an ancient custom of giving orr^ or 
presents from a man to a woman, on their entering 
into a contract to marry, and in this sense it is 
used by Plautus. The present was generally an 
annulus or ring, and in reference to the sanctity of 
the engagement, the gift was subsequently called 
a God's pennie; but though in its primary signi- imported a spousal gift, the lapse of time 
has converted the use of the word to earnest 
money given to bind any bargain of whatever na- 

Tomr proffer of luTO't an airtt jiAMy, 
My tooher*8 tAie bargftln. 

8coT*f MuiBirai. 

AiRTf a point of the compass, a quarter of the 
heavens. This word is chiefly confined to the 
Scottish dialect. 

And under quhat art of the heven so hie, 
Or at %ah9X coist of the world flnally 
Sal weanrive? 

Douglas's Enhid. 

Of a* the airt* the wind can blow, 
I dearly like the west^ 

Scot's Song. 

Akennino, reeonnoitering, discovering. 

They mowe kenne Darius' oste 
At the other side akeitning. 

Rom. of K. Alisaunors. 

Alande, Alonde, on land. 

Tliei sailen till they come eilondt 
At Tharse, nygh to the citee. 

GowBR*8 Con. Am. 

He only with the prince, his cousin, 
V\rere cast alande, 



Alange, tdliotts, Msome ; that which ren<lers( tedi* 
oat and w^airy. 

IB time of v^inter, alange it is f 
The foules lesen her bliss, 
' TlielevMfEaknoirthetre, 

Rain atangeth the countree. 

Rok« or UittLunr, 

Alargid^ giyeu, bestowed. 

Such ptft in their natvvltie 
. Was tben alarged of beautie. 

Chaucbr*3 Bums. 

Alatb^ of late, lately. 

Where chiUinff frost uUUe did nip. 

Grbbnu's Dixm ov Doralicia* 

I saw standing the g^oodly portres, 
Whych axed Ine from whence I came alate, 


Alauntes^ hunting dogs^ supposed to partake of 
the nkture of the greyhound, but probably^ from 
the prey hunted by them, a species of mastiJST or 
other s^trong dog. 

He rode tho upon a forest stroude. 

With grete route and ro3raltie ; 
Hie iinirest that was in all that kmde, 

Willi alauntet, lymeris, and racchis free. 

Syr Fbrumbras. 

About her chvre th^e went white alaundes, 
Twelyeand mo, as grete as any stere, 
To honten at the lyon and the here. 

Chaucbr's Kkioktbs Talb. 

Alb^ (L. album, from its white colour), a vestment 
us^d by the priests of the Roman Catholic Church 
in the exercise of their religious ceremonies. 

Of preste thou hast no merke, albe, ne nor amite, 

But laced in a hauberke. 

P. Lanotoft's Cbrobt. 

The bishops donn'd their eUket and copes of state. 

Fairfax's Tasso. 


AiRLE-PENKY. This word is of remote antiquity, 
and refers to an ancient custom of giving arrhm or 
presents from a man to a woman, on their entering 
into a contract to marry, and in this sense it is 
used by Plautus. The present was generally an 
annulus or ring, and in reference to the sanctity of 
the engagement, the gift was subsequently called 
a God's pennie; but though in its primary signi- 
fications t imported a spousal gift, the lapse of time 
has converted the use of the word to earnest 
money given to bind any bargain of whatever na- 

Tour proffer of luTe*t an airtt penm^f, 
My tooher*8 tAie bargain. 

8coT*f MiriBvait 

AiRTf a point of the compass, a quarter of the 
heavens. This word is chiefly confined to the 
Scottish dialect. 

And Tinder quhat art of the heven so hie, 
Or at ^nhat ccost of the world finally 
Sal we arrive i 

Douglas's Enhid. 

Of a' the atrfothe wind cc^a blow, 
I dearly like the west^ 

Scot's Sono. 

Akennino, reconnoitering^ discovering. 

They mowe kenne Darius' oste 
At the other side akenning. 

Rom. of K. Alisaunors. 

Alande, Alonde, on land. 

Itiei saUen till they come alonda 
At Tharse, nygh to the citee. 

GowBR*8 Con. Am. 

He only witti the prince, his cousin. 
Were cast atande, 



Alange^ tdlioiis^ ii%some ; that which ren<lers( tedi* 
oat and wteairy. 

iB time of v^inter, ahmge it is f 
The foules lesen her bliss, 
' TlielevMfBaieiioirthetre, 

Rain atangeth the countree. 

Rok« or MiAtLUr* 

A'liARGiD, given, bestowed. 

Such pHTt in tiieir nativltie 
. Was tben alarged of beautie. 

Chaucbr*3 Bums. 

Alatb^ of late^ lately. 

Where chiUinff frost alate did nip. 

Grbknib*s Dixm ov Doralkia. 

I saw standing the goodly portres, 
Whych axed Ine from whence I came aMe, 



Alauntes^ hunting dogs, supposed to partake of 
the nature of the greyhound, but probably^ from 
the prey hunted by them, a species of mastiJST or 
other strong dog. 

He rode Uio upon a forest stroude. 

With grete route and royaltie ; 
Hie Marest that was in all that kmde, 

Willi ^aun/e«, lymeris, and racchis free. 

Syr Fbrumbras. 

About her chMre there went white alaundes, 
Twelve and mo« as grete as any stere, 
■ Tofaonten at the lyon and the here. 

Chaucbr's Knioktbs Talb. 

Alb^ (L. album, from its white colour), a vestment 
us^d by the priests of the Roman Catholic Church 
in the exercise of their religious ceremonies. 

Of preste thou hast no merke, albe, ne nor amite. 

But laced in a hauberke. 

P. Lanotoft's Chrow. 

The bishops donnM their eUket and copes of state. 

Fairfax's Tasso. 

24 ^ ^ LOSS Afti4JU 4^0 

Albe, .a contraction of albeit^ althougph« 

Whereof coDceivinp shame and foul disgraoe, 
Albi her guiltlesse conscience her cleared. 

Spsnjsr's F. QuKSir. 

Albification (a word compounded of the Latin 
album hndfacere), to whiten. 

Our foumeis eke of calcination, 
And of wateres att^caHon. 

Chaucbr's Yboman*s Talk. 

Albricias, a gfratuity, a reward to one who brin^ 
good news; a Spanish custom, from whence the 
word is derived. 

Give me my albricUu, sir, I bring jotx 

The rarest news. 

O. P. AnvaNTuaBS of Fitb Hours. 

■ . ■ > , 

Alder/ the ancient genitive plural of the Saxon 
ealy all, and being prefixed to adjectives, signified 
the superlative degree ; as, alder-lievest, best be- 
loved ; alder-first, first of all ; alder-best, the very 
best, &c. 

Six and twenty baners of Englond alder^beat. 

Pk Lanotopt's Chron. 

Well could he read a lesson or a storie, 
But alder-best he songe an oflfertorie. 

Chaucbr*s Pro. to Cant. Tales. 

Mine alder -lievest lord and brother dere. 

Chavcbr*s Troi and Cress. 

Ale (S. eale). Festive meetings of the country 
people were formerly called ales ; as, Whitsun ale. 
Midsummer ale, Bride ale, &c. denoting the time 
for such hilarious meetings. 

Next Midsummer ale I may serve for a fool 

and he for a Maid Marian. 

O. P« Tax Anti quart. 


AlECiE^ a ivord coined from ale; the istate of beings ' 
intoxicated vfiih that liquor. 

But to arrest a man titat haXh no likenesse to a hone, ki flat - 
lonacie or alede, 


Alede (S. aleadan), to rtile or govern. 

Fifteen y«re he gan him fede, 

^ Robard the trewe } 

He tangfat him eche alede 

Of ich maner of glewe. 

Sib TaxsTEAM. 

Alestake^ a stake or pole set up as a sign for an 
ale-house; it was sometimes called an alebush^ firom * 
the circumstance of a bush being fastened to it^ 
and hence is derived the proverb *^ good wine 
needs no bush/' and the very common signs of 
the Bush Taveni, the Bull and Bush^ &c. 

A garlond had he sette upon his hedde. 
As grete as it were for an aleete^e, 

Chaucse's Pro. to Sompnour's Tali. 

Anothei* brought her bedes 

Of jet or of cole. 

To offer to the ale pole, 

Skslton's POBIfS. 

Alew (F. hola), an interjection, now spelt holla 
and halloo ; to make a noise, to call or shout to 
any person at a distance. 

Yet did she not lament with loud alew. 

As women wont. 

Spknsbb's F. Quesv. 

Alfridaria, a power which astrologers pretend 
that the planets possess over the life of a person. 

ril find the cusp and alfridaria. 
And know what planet ia in cazimi. 


26 K QLO$SA^ULf, Alf4> 

AifGATsa (S. algeat€»). This word is used to o:!i- 
press different meanings ; bs, always, qeveribelefis^ 
wiK>Uy9Qot|¥Jtbstandin^,by.aU laeans. 

He would mlgates his trntb hold. 

Gow»R*s Con. Am. 

And wttli hii fiiU hit lag oi^roftt'd so sore, 
Thftt ^or a space there must he algtUet dwell. 


All merdlesfta he wiUthafttt be doe, 

Tliat we a^f9te 8hAU4je botti two. 


Sith Una now he algaies most fOFego» 
Whom his yiebnious ha&ds did erst restore. 

Sfbnsbr's F. Quxsy. 

AjLGRiM. See '' Avyrim.^' 

AlicanTj a species of wine imported from Alicant, 
ic^Spain, mad^ chie% from mulberries. 

Yoa*ll blopd.three pptUes of AUcvU by this lights 
' if 70albUow*em. 

O. Py Tbm Hovxst Whorx. 

Alien^ to anoint. 

And aJiai^ Ms brother witli the.^fo^. 
Thn|[oh .G(O<'8.0EaQe that is so gode. 

Taus. Of Avis AKn Amiloun. 

ALitE^ an abbreviation of a little; a short time. 

He rested but nUte, a sounde the Inglish him sendes. 


For leveth well and sooth is this. 
For .when I kttove how all it is, 
I wol but forUieren him oHte* 

Gowbr's Con. Am. 

Alkins^ a contraction of all kinds of« 

She said she might have no solace. 
He w^ so prisoned in that place, 
Fro the sight of alkim men. 


Let them again tiie land of Aift be socht 

With alkm po^liage. 

Douglas's Enbid. 

All a morIt (F. a {a mori),depres6^^oot of spirits, 
dejected, melancholy. 

Wxy, iiowmow, sir Aithur?— il2f a mo«*^, oUtster Oliver. 


No, I ^tln alia mortM if I hadlftin 
Three days in my grave already. 

MA8SiN«SR*t Par. or Lots. 

All and some. These words frequently occur in .. 
Chaucer and Spenser^ and signify altog-ether. 

We are betrayed, and y-nome 

Horse and liamessi lords, all and some. 

Rom. op Rxcbxed CctVK ok Lion. 

That hastily they would to him come. 
Re vrokl i^bridfox her lalknir ail and tome, 

CiiAvcKii's MmoHANT^s Tali. 

Allect (L. aUecto), to draw to, to allure, to attract, 
to entice, or seduce. 

Women y firoid with fmnd and deeelp^ 
To thy conAuion most allective bait. 

CHAUcim*8 'HiHimB <dy Lo^s. 

Allege (S. izlecgan), to miti^giate, soothe, or alle* 
viate.; answering to the modem word allay« 

The sight only and the savour 
Alegged xnueh of my laiigrc^. 

Cbaucsr's Rom. of tbs Rosi. 
• Hart that ig inly hurt is greatly eased 

Wlt3i hope of thing that may «U^e the smart. 

Sfsksbr's F. iQvuir, 

Aller, the same as Aldeii, which see. 
ALLERFfkstE, first of all. 

Thto aUetjlnie he mi#enrt)bde 

That he was ryght kingis blode. 


Allet (F* alUe), a narrow passage, a walk in a 

So long about tiie alley » is began 
Till he was coming again to Uiis pery. 

Chaucbr's Mbrqhant's T<AI.B* 


And all within vrere walkes and aHeyi wide 
With footing worn. 

Bpbnsbk's F. Qux£N>^ 

All loves, a common adjuratioD, meaning* for the 
love of God^ of heaven, &c. and sometimes of all 
loves on earth. 

For at the loves on erthe, Hodge, let md see it. 


Conjuring his wife, of alt tove^ to prepare cheer. 

O. P. Th» Hoxest Wrokb. 

Speak, o/an twesi 

Mine. Night's Drsam. 

Allows (F. aXUmer)^ to approve. 

This Ib in lumme what I would bAve you wey 
Hnti whether ^u utiowe my whole device. 


— — If your iweet iway 

altow obedience. 

King Lbak. 

Almaoi8TE| the name of a work on astronomy writ-^ 
ten by Ptolemy. 

His Almagitte and bookes, grrete and small. 


Almain^ leap; a vaulting leap made in dancing^. In 
explanation cd. the following quotation, it is pro- 
per to observe, that the jester of the city of Lon- 
don practised a piece of buffoonery, at the city 
feadtSy by leaping into a largie custard made for 
the occasion, and thereby, as it is said, greatly 
added to the entertainment of the spectators. 

Skip with a rhyme of the table from new nothing, 
And take his atmain leap into a custard. 
. , B. Jonson's Pb^il AK A9S.^ 

Almainy, Germany. 

ru cry flounders else. 

And walk with my petticoat tuck*d up like 

A long maid of: Almainy, 

0. P. Thb. Wits.. 

vrrMOvoGVCAMM dictiomart. 29 

Almatour, an officer attached to a rdi^ow esta- 
blishment, to whom belonged the distribution of 
the alms of the house. By the ancient canons, one- 
tenth of the income of monasteries was required 
to be distributed in alms to the poor. This officer 
was subsequently called an almoner. 

Aftcir him came Dabnadas, 
A ridie titMtevr be was. 

Rom. of K. Alisaundri.. 

Almond for a parrot, a phrase frequently used 
by the old dramatists, the meaningof which is not 
very obvious ; probably a parrot was taught to ask 
for an almond, and hence it might be used to de- 
note silly unmeaning prattle. The quotations 
seem to countenance the supposition. 

What a green gr^uy shbikigr coat he hath ; 

An almond fbr a parrot! — ^A rope for a parrot t 

O. P. Enolishmbn voa mt Monbt. 

My tongae speaks no langua^ but an almond~for a parrot and 

(Arack me this nut* 

O. P. Old Fortunatus. 

The phrase also occurs in Dekkar's Honest Whore, 
Middleton's Spanish Gypsey, and Ben Jonson's 
Afagnelic Lady* 
ALMOtJS and Almesse (Teut almosen), alms, cha- 
ritable gifts. 

He was to needy men of his alvnesae lazig^ and free. 

Robert op Glouckstbr*s Chron. 

•^— — And yet he giveth almtsse, 

And fasteth ofte and hereth messe. 

GowBR*s Con. Am. 

He was a man of almous grete, 

Both of monie and of mete. 

Wtntoun's OnRON. 



Alonde. See ''Alande/' 

Alose (L.lans), to praise or commend, 

Nother lackey ne alote ne leyse that tiier were. 

P. Plowman'^ Vtnmu 
Merry and fall of Jollity, 
And of largesse alated be. 

Cha,ucbr*s Rom. of the Rossr 

Alouris (O. F. aloir), passages, corridors. 

The touree to lake and the torellis 
Vawtes, mlouriM and the comeris. 

Rom. of K. Alisaundrb. 

Ahovf, ID an humble manner ; downward. 

She stood and hing her vissage dovm alow. 

Cravcsr's Oourt or Loye. 

AtowDE, to be humbled or brought low. 

Narcissus may example bee 

And mirrour to the proude ; 

By vrhom they may most plainly see 

How pride hath been ttlUnvde. 


Alowe (F. allouer), praises; approved of. Per- 
haps in the same sense as we now use the word 

%yng Richard took it to grieie, 
And on him gan to loke rowe — 
•• Cnrsyd be he that thy wcrke alowe.** 

RoM. OF Richard Caua db- Ij«x. 

Alsatia, a name given to the precinct of White- 
friars, near the Temple ; it was called Alsatia the 
higher, to distinguish it from the Mint, in South- 
wark, which was called Alsatra the lower; both 
these places obtained certain privileges, particu- 
larly arrest from civil process, and in consequence 
became the resort of the profligate and abandoned 


of both sexes^ and the scene of frequent riots and 
disturbances. By fin act of William III. these 
and several other privileged places were put down. 
Shadwell has dramatised the manners and Ian- 
g'uage of the Alsatians, in a satirical comedy called 
The Squire of AlscUia, acted in 1688. 
Altern (L. alternus), following in turn, acting 
by turns. 

' The gtezter to have rule by-day, 

Hie less by nig:ht altern. 


Amain (S. micgn), with vehemence, force, or 


A concert! that amain i play that mmain, 

O. P. Lust's Dominion. 

Amaistre (O. F. tnaistre), to master, to overcome^ 
to get the better of. 

Is he not riche that hath sufBsance > and have 
Ye power that no man may amaistre f 

Chaucer's Test, ov Lovb. 

Amanse, to curse, to interdict, or excommunicate. 

He amansed alle that such unright adde i-do 
To the churche of Kaaterbury. 

RoBBRT or Olovcxstbr's Cbron. 

Amaranth (L. amararUhua), an imaginary flower, 
described by the poets as never fading. There is a 
flower so called, a species of which is better known 
by the name of "Love lies bleeding." 

Immortal anuiranth ! a flovrer which once 
In Paradise, fast by the tree of life, 
Began to bloom. 

Paradisx Lost. 

Amate (S. mait)y to daunt, to stiipify v^ith horror. 


to diiiAay; also, in another seDse, from mate, io> 
a^ociate with as a companion. 

Whom grisly terror doth so mueh mnate. 

Roos's THuuk 

Wbich when the world she meaneth to amate. 


A knvely lery of fikir ladies sattfc, 

Coiirted of many a joUy paramour. 

The whkh them did in tciodest wise amate. 

Spbn8kr'« F. Quksmt. 

What are yoa mvted by tiiis firolic fi^ar ) 

O. P. FaiAR BACOK and PaiAR BrNOAT. 

Ambages (L.), a long* circumstance of words^ an 
indirect mode of expression, a prevaricating^ or 
circumlocutory speech. 

I cannot play the dissembler. 

And wooe my leve with coccrdy ambaget. 

O. P. Wilt Bbouilsd. 

But, now, setting apart the ambages and superfluous vagaries, 
I pray yoa describe it, &c. 

Stobbs's Anatomt of Abusbs. 

Tush ! tush ! my lord, let go these ambages, 
And in plain terms acquaiiit her. 

O. P. The Spanish Trao.bdy. 

Ambergrease (from amber and gris), grey amber, 
a frag-rant and unctuous substance, found floating- 
on tliesea, but itsorig^in seems involved in mystery, 
various opinions being held as to its derivation, 
but nothing satisfactorily proved; it was used for- 
merly as a culinary article, for preparing meats, 
and flavouring sauces and wines. 

In each of them shall lE)e enclosed a fat nightingale, well 
seasonH} with ambergreatc 

O. P. Thb Antiquart. 


Be stire 

The wines be lusty, high and full of spirit,. 
And amber'd alL 

Custom op Thb Country, B¥ Bbaumont^ 
AND Flbtchsr. 

Ambree^ Mary. This female warrior is rendered 
famous by her heroic conduct at the siege of Ghent, 
in ] 584, and in consequence became the subject 
of many popular ballads ; little is known of her 
history beyond what may be obtained from the old 
ballads, from which it seems that the cause of het 
appearing in armour and gallantly leading the 
BOldlers to the charge, was to revenge the death 
of her lover, who was slain in her presence. Her 
name afterwards became proverbial, to denote any 
ivoman of masculine habits or appearance.. 

When oaptaint counyeooB, whom de«£h colde not dvuiit*. 

Did marcbe to tbe siogjo of the cittee of Qauute j 

They mostred their loldiera by two and by three, 

And formost in battle was Mar^f Ambree, 

Old BAtLAD. 

My large gentlewoman* my Mai^ Ambrte^ 

Had I but seen into you, you should have had 

Another bed-fellow. 

Fletcher's Scornful Ladt. 

My daughter will be valiant, 

And prove a very Mary Ambree. 

B. Jonson's Tale ov a TuBi 

Ambrie (O. F. ambrey), a cupboard, store house, 
buttery, or larder, where, provisions are kept; pro- 
bably the Almonry, in Westminster, pronounced 
Ambry, was so called, from a building formerly 
there, set apart for that use ; it should more pro«^ 
perly be called Aiunonery, from the Latin eleemor 


synaria, a house adjoining the Abbey Church, in 
^hich the charitable provisions for the poor were 
usually stored for their use. 

O Wttly, ta fa* the cat. 

She's opeoed the amrt/ door, 

And eaittn op a* the dkeeae. 

Old Scots Sos9» 

AliBXJLANDfi (L. am1ndo)y walking. 

On ftdre umbutamie horse they sit. 

Qowxr's Con* Am. 

Amel (F. email), to eolay with variegated colours; 
now called enamel. 

Hcaren'i richest diamond set in amel. 

Vtmrtmwn*9 Ptfiifti Imajtb* 

And with a bMAd of fold tMMUtd, 
And ksoppes flue of fold arniitd, 

CBAVOttl ICMf. OF VM m«ilv 

AMSNAai {F. menager), to managei condnet, or 

With her whoso will raf luf faror taaae* 
Most first bcfin and weU her amenage, 

SrKKSsa's F. Qubsn. 

Amenavkge (L. amfgnus)^ carriage, behaviour, de- 

How may strange koigrht hope ever to aspire 
By fnitlifttl service and meete amenaunc§* 


For he is At to use in all assays. 
Whether for arms or warlike amenmmee, 


Amenbu«b ^F. trmmeuset), to lessen or diminish. 

His mercy is surmodntinf of ftyisnn, 
By«r encreaseth witlioiit amemuing, 


4lie tluredde (the Bpiee of envy) is to dm^newte 
The boontie of his neighbour. 


AiiJSM^ (£k amerian), GMtmaed- and foiiad imiQ- 

Rggik oy.THX Sbvsn Saobs. 

Amerrede, marred^ si)oiled^ broken to pieces. 

He ran with a 4i«we swerdd 

To his mamentiyfik 

And alle hys god^es tiiere he amerrede, 

Rom. ov Octaviaw Iiir. 

Ameye (F. amie)f a mistress; but it is sometimes 
tised to si^^ify a paramour in general^ whether 
male or female. 

Moay Juan Ummt lese his brothkt 
Mony ladie her amtj/e, 

Rojt^ OF K. Aliiavndbji* 

Ahigx (L. amietuw,), part of. the dress of popish 
prieste, wben they ^obe for the celebration of die 
mass ; alto^ anciently, the garment of the Clistertian 
or Bernardino nuns* 

Now changeful doom the nuns with amice grey, 
Enre from our court our paramours avfay. 

Wat's Fasuaitx, T^s Canonbss 


Thus pass'd the night so foul, this nunning fair 
Came fmrth with pilgrim steps in amice grey. 

Paiu Rboainbd* 

AiULED, enamelled. See "Amel/' 
AifiTtJRB (F.), friendship. 

Thow, he sayd, traitour. 
Yesterday thou came in amitvre. 

ROM. OF Ki Alisavndkb* 

Amonestement (P.), admonition. 

The Syng amoHestemente herde, 
Quykliche thennes be fade. 
As we fyndeth in our booke. 




Auomxrrm9(F. amowHte^), lov« knots or gturlaiid)B; 
love stories. 

For idso well wol Urrt be sette 
TJBder raggeti aa rtelie rochette. 
And eke m well by atnorettes, 

Chaucxk's Rom. of thk Rosk. 

Not In silk was he, 
But all in floturis and lloarettes, 
Y-painted with amoretlei. 


Amorilt, merrily, with glee. 

■ Hall to the g:od and g^oddess of our laye, 
And to the lebtom amorily he spronge. 

Chaucsr's Court of Lovs. 

Amort. See "AUaMort/* 

Amortise (from the F. armortir, to extinguish), 
to dispose of lands or money to any corporation 
Hot, certain uses, from which there can be no alien« 
ation of the property; hence property so held is 
said to be held in mortmain, or in a dead hand. 

If lewd men (*. e. laymen) knew this Latjm, they wold 

loke whom they ^ve, 
And advise them afore or five days or sixe. 
Ere they amortised to monks or chanons theyr rentes. 

P. Plowman's Vision. 

Amorwe, in the morning*. 

Amorwet when the day &an to spring, 
Up rose our hoste and was our alder cock. 

Chaucbr's Pro. to Pardoner's Talc. 

Amorowe, on the morrow, is used indiscriminately 
with the foreg-oing- word to sig-nify both the morn- 
ing" and the morrow. 

No, no man may fynde borowe 
Fro even to ly ve til amorwe ! 

RoM. OP K. Alisaundre. 

That when I saw her amorowet 
I was warished of all my sorrowe. 

Chaucer's Dreme. 



An, MMOfdmg toTooke^tha imperative of theSixon 
an^n,' to grant; it is used by old aafkow in the^ 
same sense as the conjunction if^ and Bonetinies 
as^ and. 

An thoghte unorwe ttrong batayle do. 


Nay, im thoa dattiett, fhf9i I un thy fof. 

B. JoN80N*t PoBTAsnm* 
Kay, am I tradfe from thee» 
Beat me. 


Anademe (F. anademe}, a garland, a wreath, a 

Oft drest this tree with anadewu of flowert-. 

DaATrox's Owx.. 

But each with other wear the anadem, 

B. JONSOK'S liASQini. 

Ancient (F. ancten), a standard or banner; also, 
the ofiScer carrying the same, the standard bearer. 

Lord Westmoriand his m»cpmU raiB*d> 
Tlie dun buU he nda*d ob hie. 

Thb Rising m trb Nobtr. 

This is OtheUo's ancient, as X take it,— 
The same. Indeed, a very valiant feBow. 


l^ay, by my troth, master, none flourish in these withorlog 
times but ancient bearers. 


Ancome, a swelling or small tumour. 

I hare seen a little prick, nO bigger than a pin's head, swell 

bigger, till tt has oome to an ancome. 

O. P. Eastward Hob. 

And-irons, irons affixed to the end of a grate with 
grooves to turn a spit, said to be a corruption of 
end hrons or brand irons, and more commonly called 
dogs, on which wood is laid to burn. This is the 

M . . A .«U)6SAmiAL AMD 

4^ertl deflmlioii fonttd in the tesieom; ImiI 
. iperiillitr lh«>fo|)tt or ase«faiid->iroii8(whieh perhaps 
r ahooUmore properly b« spelt haQd*irons)jippear 
to be understood^ the and-irons, of which there 
are many still in old houses, are brigpht circular 
and concave pieces of iron or brass^ affixed to the 
top of the iron supports of the grate, at each end^ 
as ornaments; they are generally fastened by a 
nut or screw. The following quotations confirm 
this description, both as to their shape and orna- 
mental figure. 

If yon. strike an entire body, as an and^iron of brass, at the 
top, it nMkeUi a Biore treble soiuul. 


Tbe maid, a cleanly wench, had scoured it as bright as her 


The and-iroiUf 

I had forgot them, "were two wiifidog Cupids of silver, each on 
one foot standing. 


From whence it appears that they were sonorous, 
susceptible of a high polish, and perpendicular in 
their position. 

Aneaju (S. on elan), the Roman Catholic sacrament 
of extreme unction, administered to the dyi^g ; to 
rub with oil. 

, . Unhous^'d, disappointed, un^wPd; 

-Mb reek*niiig nftde, 1>iit sent to my account 
... With aUj»y impedbctions oti flfqr head. 

"' fi^AMLBT. 

. .9P«ni«ii]i^^aBhomcl'd«idsfMl0tf, andhadaUtbalTBChiisteii 
man &aA% to have* 
.>^. ^ lA .-.• Sm' Taos. ICdM^ 


AiiEMtiCy oppoBitd to or •usecagpMnit 

Between JnlHi^ ff4 Bntangr 
Is wycht onent Normavmdy. 

Wtntoun's Cmkoit* 
Poor times fhe toazen Hbne, entertns* stock £Mt 
Anentt the roin'd gbtfle <tf the tofwbe. 

HSTWOOD*S TftOiA Bkitaxnic*. 

Anent, of/about, or concerning'^ used chiefly in the 
Scottish dialect. Chaucer spells the word anenst, 

llicteibrt, mneiut Uitir Mtates I wdl in no nainere drame lie 


Cbavcsr's Pardonie** Tals. 

AxERTYy hardy. Stoat. 

A knlclit fed unettp jptf 'UiHn Udt uisweie* 

P. JLufOTOVT't Cnaoir. 

4^K6SL0T (F.) a small cbee8e» Aade in Vormandy; 
supposed to be originimy sq caUeA fkmB the 
niaker's name. 

Touz angtMt of Biii^ 

Yonr isMMUal »d ponnesiB of LodL 

O. P. Trs Win. 

ANOBEtiOBk, appertainingC to anget or dbpleastire. 

• .. , . flMldnf^UMtwlUiionMideeiaB - 
AngtrHeh without answexe. 


Bvt that he for anger wnac^t^ 

His anger anger Ueke he brought. 

0«WBa*s Co!f^.AM, 

Anhang^ to hang' or suspend by the neck. 

That titer bdcnew her wiekedneaee anon* 
Ai>d tti^yj^er^ mth ng^ ^ the Btck honiau 

CHAvcaa's Nonnss PaiasT's TAtx. 

' By hhn HMit lida world hath wrought, 
Ihi^UeT«rtlHni^w«i>eMi*«v. , . 

Otn Ballad of Gut of WAnwicn* 

Anient (F, anehnter), to annihrla,:^, to reduce to 

Tbat frikked Ucho tod wiUftiUkdie woM mercy tmifmiU. 

P. Plowman's Visioir. 

4Q A GtOSftARlAt AH» 

Anker (6. onacAorel), an hermit or anchorttt, of 
which last word it b an abbreriatioD ; a recluse. 

Somttimet I am MUfiovs, 
KowlikeanatiJteriaalMmM. . 

Cbavcbr*8 Rom. of nrs Eoss. 

And Mken and hcnkiti that Ml tat at bobm. 

P. Plowman's Vio^ 

The word has also a feminine terminationi anc- 
rewe, to denote a female anchorite. 

Ancrenfi that dwatt 
Mew*d op U» wails, and mtimblo e'tt their baadf* 


Anlaob, a sort of knife or daggefi usually wom 
• suspmded by the girdle. 

An oiiIsM, and a cipcit all of lilkt 
Bene atUsfirdla. 

CBAvcnn^a Pno. to Cant. Ta&ss. 

A^NVsitLsm, a secular priest, so called from an 
yearly salary allowed to him for keeping* an anni- 
versary, or otherwise saying continued masses for 
the soul of a deceased person. 

la London was a prieat wMueUere, 
niat tborda^had dwelt manj a jrear* 

Xkaocbb*! Chamoni Tbomax*s TA1.9. 

Anon, quickly, soon, by and by. This word, twice 
repeated, was formerly the usual answer of waiters 
at taverns, fcc. when called to attend customers; 
the fact is fully iljlustrated in the fivst part o( 
Shakspeare's K* Hen. IV. 

Nomoneyt Can taverns 8taadwitlioiitasio%aiioN/ 

0» T.. Tu BFANun Gff 8174 


An-ondtr, under^ beneath. 

Tm wdtjFyoKn to 1qiuI6 yed6» 
To see fhe yle in leng^li and bfede, 
Antt f et tratar as hiem was')i94e» 
Tbe roche an-im^, 

RdM. orOcTAirtMt Imp. 

...... .J 

Anotheroates, a different kind, another sort. 

W1ienlt«ditaM»a6oiittoeitlar ; i^': 
Upon «•o^«ryM(c• adyeAture. ^ 


• • .: * . ■ • ' ■ 

And bis brinciiic up aMMiiiya<0tiv»i7k|:« HiriO^ jrocli a Bdnion. 

O. P. IjLt's HoTHBE BOMBXt* 

Anthropophagi (Or.), men eaters. 

The Cannibals tbat each other eat. 
The Aniknp€plU^, 


Antick (F. antique}, a juggler, buffoon, or merry 
andrew; probably so called from their habits being 
in an old fashioned or grotesque stile. 

Feup aol^ ntfloidi -wb can oentaiti wnshm 
Were be the veriast amUck, 

hmvtm^Jf TQ %aM TAuvtQ or ▲ Steaiw. 
■ II M Within the hoUow crown. 
That roiinds the nortal temples of A khoig. 
Death ke«98 hja court, and there the aniic ilts, 
ScoiOnc his state. 

« .K.J(XQ^AM> xu 

Antickes, strs^nge figures and device;, whether of 
men^ women, beasts, or bifdt, &c% - 

A foontaine of embowed TCirbe, l^te with ^e golde, and 

, bke ^f||a^f)ed xitb tmficf^ woilce. . , , 

/ Gravtom's Cheon. 

:'^';4»b4xr*dwiMi<0Olde»l}fodp,,¥A»eliivere«IKta^^ ^ 
With corions an^idrt. 


ANTiPHON8R)B'(i2r.}, the alternate sifiging of sacred 
music; an anthem book u$ed in 4he service of the 
Koman Catholic Church. 



Re aliiift ndonploris liante siage^ 
As children lerid her mmH pk mure , 

GMAVCiB't PmXORItSSfll Talm. 

Antrk (F. anire), a grotto, cave^ or den. 

Whowiaof anlrai vMtaiid dCMita idle, 
-^ lOQgk funles, rocks mid bint whose heads reach h9aT*n. 

Apaibx, satisfied* requited, paid. 

To dndd liftTe «mei, or bad I fOtf 
Tliat be fou bad an hOBdred ftaakes paid 
B7 feadjr tokea : and bclde bin ovn sgMAdr. 

Cbaitcb»*s SairiiAit*s Tali. 

WHtthoosoer boll win nakoHbewea^lM^. 

O. F. Toa Nsw Cootom. 

For in it were to heaikMi to ber cry, 
For she as inlj notbiac ill ^QN^ydlr. 

8mNSBa*s F. Qobsn. 

' Sooiilfcaabigbliiilicerertigipiritf. 

pABABiss Lost. 

Apalid (F. appaUr), depressed, discouraged ; also, 
frightened or struck with sudden fisar. 

Tlien when his name lya i sigls fbr afe, 
FOr an i htgot ten ia ber T i ss a l i ^e . 

Cbaooek's Kniobt's Tale. 

These colden swords and dagfers ahnoat # y fa a man. 

Stobbs's Anat. or Abosbs. 

Apatrb, to detract, impair, calumniate. 

When thea sentest to Tanker Um kinf* 
To s y syr* bio wMi ^y letyBf. 

Rom. of RiCBABS C«ob »b Liow. 

To lyNiirai any maa, or him deftone. 

Cbavcbb's Pbo. to tbb liiusB*8 Talb. 

Ape (S. eppd), a fool or silly person ; therefore the 
old saying of putting an ape in a person's hood, 
was to play, the fool with or outwit him. 

" ' . Thos was Uw 

By their fair haadUDr* put into lialbepee*i caye. 



And tlras Ae makeOi A)»Qlom litriqp?, 
Aad all his eraist tnneth into jape. 


The common expression, to lecul apea in hM, said 
of women dyings old maids, seems to have puzzled 
all preceding writers as to its origin; bat all agqfe 
that it owes its rise to the Reformation^ no men- 
tion being made of it prior to 1600 in any old 
author. Mr. Boiicber suggests Uiat it' may hav^ 
been invented by the reformers, as an inducement 
to women to marry. In ifae dissolution of the 
monasteries, a disinclination to marriage manifested 
itself, and many women of a contemplative turn of 
mind sighed for the seclusion of the cloister ; tc 
counteract this propensity, some pious reformer hi^ 
upon the device in question ; but whether true, i. 
fact, or whether it had the desired effect^ it i% 
difScult to determine. It is still in ufte in a jocular 

But 'tis IB old proverb, and you know it weB, 
That women dyiny ikudds le^d i^jwt in bell. 

O. P. Tam LoNBON PROntoAi.. 

Fear not, in bdl youll never lead i^pi, 
A mortHyM maiden of Ave eacapes. 


Wen, if I quit bim not, I here piay God 
I may lead mpet in hcD, and^ a maid. 

O. P. Enoushmbn roB mt Mobibt. 

Apernir, a drawer or waiter at a tavern, was so 
called from the ciroimstance of their wearing 
aprons ; an apron man. 

S*foot we have no wine here metbinks; 

Where's the •ftrm tf 

O. P^ TAxt DAT. 

44 . . :./ A» GX088ARIAL AITB 

d PER BE. These Words are used by Chancer and 
other old authors to denote superexcellence or 
• pr^-eintBeiice. 

,. >. . O &ire Creside, tbe flomre «ad *jp«r M 

* Of ^IVoy and Oreeoe. 

Tbai am» Cksm. 

Behold in Bftldwin* a per m of my tige, 

** •■ Lord Riehard Nevflle, Eail ^ marriage 


BIIrr. voe Mao. 

AferT (L. aperio, apertum), open^ nnconceafed, 

. , WliidmfceOi not to bea operf, ; 

But in silence and in corert 
:. PtayrtUitobeWtfiadad. 

6owna*8 Con. Ax. 

Apert (L. apparatus), brisk, bold^^ free. 

'WUIiam aU'o^^tf, his ost redy be diglit. 

P. Lan^tovz** CmoK. 

Apertiligqe, in a plain manner. 

The bori^B had a Pie in his haUe 
* i . ' ' Hiat ooiflt teUcn tales afte 

• ^JpertiHcke in Frei^ch language. 

Rom. or thb ISstbn Sagbs. 

Apies, a medicine composed of opium. 

As he shall a^pe ^3 long as ever he liste. 
The naxcoUckSt and opiet being so stronge. 


Aplace, in place. 

But it like you to tdl 

How aneh goddes came apJaee, 

Yet might moehcA ttaanke {lurchase. 

Gowbr's Con. Am. 

Aplight^ complete, perfeet/at once^ also, used as a 
pledge, -*' i pligfht/'^ I promise, and in general used 
as an expletive. . . . i 

Anon fire Hhe Ught, 

And wanned it w^ KQv^^Af. 

Lay IB Frbittb. 


Now is Bdirtfd of CanianroA 

Kyog of BBfekMid al upHght, 

p* Bai,i.ap on tu DsATR.or Ebw. I. 

And also HtketittrnvidtipUghi, 

led tbem by the aooa U^t. 

Kmi. ov lUcBAVB CanR sk Lion, 

Cromies tliey .gan oiake, 

Maui ich creae ^|4vM. 

Sn TftisTiMiii. 

Apostle-spooks. These spoons were presents made 
by the sponsors to a child at its christening*, and 
were so called from their having the head of one 
of the apostles at the extremity of the handle oi 
each spoon ; they were osually twelve in namber> 
and generally of gold or silver gilt. The number 
and quality depended much upon the ability of the 

CmbM) ooBMy ny lofdi. yooM t^ftn ytnot tp9on$K 

K. BSNKT Till. 

WhffEi pfi'viite 9i0a w^ iOBK» tSMy 90^ % ^^99%, 
Wtthioot ecUpN of «tty star at noon. 

Bravor Coasst^ Pom en nu 
B^ETH oy P. Charlss. 

Apparator (L. ajDporo), an oflScer who serves the 
summons or process of the spiritual courts a bailiff 
or seijeant. 

]Be ^oit BO other 
Vocations as ISixtving and more honest } 
BaiUft, pronoterst jaUois, tod dggymrtfsrf « 

O. P. TsB Mvsss* L00KIK6 Glass. 

Apparylkmknt (F. afpareSUUr), dress, array. 

The maiden is ready for to ride 

In al^ riche ttp ajf retemente, Mobt n'Aumn. 

Appay (O. F. appayer), to satisfy, to cbnteiit. See 
^' Apaide.*' 

County or realm that were not weQ appayd, 
U NiG(4ette reicn'd there. 


Yet was tilt erafly qnecn taft ill i^iptdd, 

Wat*s Fasuavx, Lat or Sir Groslai^ 

Apfbach (F. impecher)^ to impeach, accuse^ or cen* 

ABd <»ft of enrar dM hiouelf appeach. 

SnmsKR's F. Qurrh. 
■ VTcfR 1m twenty Ubms 

My son, I would appeach him. 

BlCSARIl lu 

Appeal (L. appelio), to accuse or challengpe. 

■ Hast thou sounded him 

Jtf he cpjiMtf liiR dult on anoient maliot* 

"■■■■■'■■■ - Vet one hvit Itetiefift m, 

As wen appearethby the cat)se you con}je} 

l^ftmely, to MppwU etch othttr of high ttCMoiii ' * 

.... iMr r ■ 

ApcXRORivs (F. ^pperfevoir), to perceiy^... 

With 10 ffltd chore his yuetti he reo^Tetbr, 
And oonlngly everich in his degree. 
llMkao dflteult «o nm onijpewiiiiiA* 

Cravcrr*! Cliiim*! Tali* 

Apperil (F. perit), hazard* danger^ jriik. ' 

<J mn to eiuurfe yon in her Majesty's namei 
Ai ycfc wm RBSwer it at your offpert/. 

B,. JovsoN'f Taw of a Tc*i 

^PETE (L. appeto), to seek after, to wish to ol> 
tain ; hence appetite, the sense in which this word 
was formerly used, ia deiii^. 

As niatlre l yj^f e/A fbrm elwalef 

And ttosn totm to fonne it ineseh awaie; 

Cbaucrr's Lrornd op Goon Womrn. 

Apple John, an apple which will keerp a Idng t^mtel, 
but necessarily becomes withered and shrivelled ; 
U is f^l^d ctotor an^ by the French. 

The prince once set a dish of J^fple Johm before him, and told 
bim there were fire more sir Johns. 

S Part K. Hrk. iv. 

J am withered like an old 4iqi<e JMr. 



Apple Squire, a pai^t Qupe for a pimp^ pr tbe.«Mdte 
servant of a prostitute or procuress. . t ' \ 

After bim followed two pert Apple Squiret, 


Of pairet, some be court pages, others ordinary gaUantl, and 
the tlUrd Apple S<iuire$, basket bearers, &c. 

O. P. What Yoc Will* 

Well, Itmay ho^ far a *<9wir«*< idaeej my (lather was a cos- 
ternioncer* . 

• 0< Pi Tait^CnpT Kwbt'Caf. - 

Nares thinks that the costermonifcirs or dealeri in 
apples were formerly assistants in intrigues, and 
therefore the term Was derived^ . 
Apposatle, a question or enquiry. 

When he went out Ms enemies to assayW 

Made unto her this uncouth appatapie. 

Why wepeyeso? 

LTnoATB's Fall of Princrs. 

Appose (L. apponere), to dispute with^ puzzle, or 
examine; to question. 

Tht ohilde Jesus was found in the temple, syttyng 

and opposing doctours. 


Doing somewhat which they are not accustfuned, to the end 

ttey may be lyvpos^nf of those things which of tiiemsetres tiiey are 

de^rovs to otter. 


Apprentice at Law, the ancient name given to 
barristers at law, from the French apprendre, to 
learn ; they were also called utter barristers, t. e* 
pleaders ou^fer le bar^ to distinguish them from 
benchers or readers, who were sometimes per** 
mitted to plead within the bar. 

He speaks like Mr. Practice, one. that is the child of the pKO<> 
fession j; he is vowe^ to a pore tqipr entice at law. 

B. Jonson's Maonstio Lai>Y. 

4)B -" A GlMSAlltAL Attn 

AmtoOF (8. proflAn)^ testimony, proof, trial, ^ 
probation. . 

60 liifl api^ro^ Utm not in'i e^taiih 
As in your roytl speech. 

All's Wsll that Msbb Wsll. 

— ^— Sister, prove mdi a wife 

As m^ thoughts mske tiiee, uid ta my furthest band 

IShall paiw on ^y t^proof, 

Astu\ AHto CLBorAntA. 

Appropinque (L. apfropinquo\ drawingp mgh to. 
Bear approach. 

The clotted blood within my hoslft, 
'WhicA from my wonhdM body ddwS) 
With mortal crisis dotii portend 
My days to ajg^oj^que an eni. 

Appropre (F. appraprier), peculiar, proper, suit- 

Whereof touching this partie> 
Js rhetoric the fcience 
Approprei to Uie reverence 
Xk words that ben reasonable^ 

60WSR*8 Con. An. 

k^HiK YitM was formerly a name given to any ardent 
spirit, but now denoting^ brandy. 

How often hare I rinc*d your longs with aqun tUm, 

O. P. Tqs HoBTBST Whobe. 

AdUELLE (S. acweUian), to quell or kill. 

Sixteen hundred be aquelle. 

Save thirty Sarazynes the hyng let dwell. 

ROM. or RicBAan Cava o> Liok. 

Aauov, to look askew or aside affectedly. 

With that she knit her brows, 

And looking all aqiatpt 
Quoth she what should I have to do 

With any 'prentice boy r 

Ou» Ballab of Qsoaex Bamcwsll. 

AraisjDj rayed, marked with stripes as with a whip. 

See bow they bleed! aretlieynotwelaraierf/' ^ 



-Sir knight, aread who hatfa you thus anUed, 

HrM»%%%*9 F. QUBB17* 

Araisb (S. aresian), to raise. 

'Whoie powflfftd touch 

Is powerful to arufit Unf P^ia. 

All's Will that Eirdt Will, 

Arape (L. rap(im), quickly. 

And that he of him to Darie ^ak, 
Orer the table he Icop artqit,' 

Rom* or TL. Alisaundki. 

Arated, rated, scolded. 

lie shall be arated out of his stadyinr. 
If that I may, by Jesus, Heren Kjnge. 

Chavcsr's Millkb*8 Talk. 

Araught^ taken away, seized by violence. 

In that forest woned on herde, 
That of bestes lolced an sterd, 
O best him was aratigJit, 

Rom. of thb Sitxn Sacks. 

His ambitions sons nnto them twayne 

Arraught the role. 

Spsnsbr's F. Qukbx. 

Arblastere, a cross bow man^ from the barbarous 
Latio arcu balista, one who throws or casts from 
a bow. 

An arbiattere a qnarelle l0t he flie, 
And smote him in the shanke. 

p. Lanotoft's Cbrov. 

And in the kernels, here and there. 
Of arbkutcret grete plenty were. 
/ CHAucKa*s Boii< op thb Mio^k, 

Archie or Archy. This man's name frequently 
occurs in old authors; he was the fool or court 
jester of James I. and bis real name was Archibald 
Armstrong: he seems to have possessed all the 
properties then considered requisite to form the 
character, viz. great shrewdness, practical wit^ and 
a proportionate share of impudence. 



AtthoQgli iiie chuBom and appteiise were ftnch 
Ai when Mlt Arehjf or Garret dotii provoke them. 

Bitaor Coeuct's Poaail. 


Fonnd <nit1nit lately, and let out by ArcMg 
Or some sneli head. 

B. Jonson'8 Stapls of Ks#s. 

Arctophylax, the star called Bootes, sitaated 
amongst the ebnstellations near Ursa Major. 

A ret §fk0 hi\ in northern sphere. 
Was his undoubted ancestor. 


Aread (S. arcsdan), to guess, to declare, to counsel 
or explain. 

Me an too mesne the itcred muBt areadt 
To blazon broad. 

Sfbnsxr's F. QusKxr. 

For wailike enterprize and safe aread*. 

Wxst's Eoucatiov. 

Arechk (S. arecan)f to obtain, to reach, to get. 

Manye under hjrs hand ther deyd^ 
All that his ax mreeke my^ht. 

RoM. or Rich. Cobur nn Lzon. 
For olt Shan a woman have 
Tliynir wliich a man may not artehe, 

GowKR*8 Cow. Am. 

Arere (S. arccran), to set upright, to raise, exalt, 
or erect. 

llie day is miri, and draweth long, 
The lark arereth her songe. 

Tal» or Mbrliv. 

Aresed, raisied, heaved up. 

The tosdies in the tre he sn^t. 
The tre areted as it wol £bU. 

Rom. or tbb Sbtbn Saobs. 

Areson (F. arrmsonner), to speak, address, or 
reaion with. 

As the kyng rod with dnyUs and eoirtes. 
He mette with two old cheorles. 
To tbe naTd ther herd henge. 
Thus areMfutf heom the kynge. 

Rom. or K. ALxsAu?rx>RB. 


AwPWft (F. arrSter), to attribute^ account, or de- 

But fint I pnye 70a of your coortetie, 

TIUKt yc ne ortMa tt aoaglil tty Tttanie. 

. Chauor's PJto. TO Piju»eium!f T^ui. 
Hie diarge which Qod doth unto me «r«Me 
Of his dcarc Mtfe^, I to tiiee commende. 

Sf SNgX&'t F. QUSSN. 

Argent (L. argentam)^ silver; having a white or 
silvery appearance. It is sometimes used to denote 
money in gceneral. 

— Riuddo flings. 
As swift as fiery l^tei^&e )4iMtted neyr, 
HiM' argent et^lz, 


Whether fhef have mrgtiUt ef^oiurh to flMyat»I&e fhii few* 
vttliaU,iit09roeth&otinuch. ' 

Akooiis, a merdtiant ship qf largo nzoj pro^ly 
named from Jai»on's ship Argo* 

Bebvjth an 9rgo9ie hoipui tol^oU, 


llMt golden tnfie love. 

Is sci^tier fti ^Ma golds a|ul od^ iRiAe pf that 
More worth than twenty ttrgwie$. 

O, P, New WoN^^m A WOMAlf 

Aright, just, without error or crime. 

Thptt wolde be taught aright 

^haS mischief bakl^itync doettu 

GowsR*s Con. Aaf. 

Armgaunt, lean or thin. 

So lie noddisd. 

And soberly did mount an armgaunt steed. 


This word is introduced with the quotation from 
the folio edition of Shakspeare^ but without coin-* 
pidin^ in opinion with the commentators on that 


passag'e as to its meaning, though archdeacon Nares 
and Mr. Boucher seem to think that armgaiunt 
denotes leanness, and that the horse mounted by 
Anthony was a lean jade. Mr. Mason appears to 
have suggested a very proper emendation, by 
supposing the word to be a misprint for termigauntg 
i. e. of a fiery nature ; for although this word is in 
modern times solely applied to a female of a vio- 
lent temper and disposition, ft had in the time of 
Shakspeare a more extensive meaning, and was 
not exclusively appropriated to the female sex. 
The fiery Douglas, in K. Hen, IV, being stiled a 
termagant Scot. In addition to the rational con- 
jecture of Maaon^ it may be observed, that the 
word armgaunt occurs in no other author^ and 
may, therefore^ reasonably be concluded to be an 
error of the press, abundance of which are to be 
found in the early editions of Gower^ Chaucer, 

^ and Shakspeare. Neither docs the similitude help 
the interpretation ; the arm is not necessarily lean, 
nor is there any the most remote resemblance be-* 
tween its shape or figure and that of a worn out 

Akmipotent (L. armipotens), powerful in arms^ 
mighty in war. 

And downward onder a hiU, under a bent. 
Their stode ttie temper of Mars amUpotent. 

Chavckr's Kniobt*s Taub, 
The manilbld line^t and the armipoient soldier. 

All's Wkll that Ends Welv 


Armlkt (eorm and Ugian), an ornament <Nr bracelet 
for the arm. 

il»4 filiM Ite 44wi a«r taM «■« Mh iMm kiad, 


Armti^o (P. mner)^ amimg. 

Rom. or K. AUB^vmuui. 

Aroimt^ begone, away with thee, avaunt. This 
word does not occur in any ancient author except 
Shakspeaie, and though the commentators agree 
as to Us meaning, they differ as to its etymology. 
It seems to be applied u an inAeijecUon to a witch 
to Tanish or begone. Dr. Johnson is of opinion 
that the word may be derived from avaunt, and 
that from the Rrench awamif equivalent to proceed, 
begone. Mr. Boucher thinks it has some con- 
nexion with the word rogue, the French word for 
the scurvy or leprosy, and applied as a term of 
reproach, as we still say a scurvy fellow. Amongst 
these conjectures^ for they are nothing more, per- 
haps one more supposition may be added; may it 
not be derived from a route, a word made use of 
by the French to urge their horses to go quickly, 
wUchi by a small variation, might be corrupted to 
aroint? it is well known that no words are so 
long retained in any language as interjectional 
phrases used by the vulgar, and the origin of the 
language used to horses, to encrease their speed or 



vary their direction, is perhaps lost in obscurity; 
but it is remarkable that some of those words are 
used in France and Ehgrland at this day to denote 
the same thing*. Whether this word^ imported by 
the Normans, was BtrbteqiieDtly applied in the 
manner above conjectured^ must be left to further 
■ investigation; but the supposition is somewhat 
confirmed by the word areawt being still used in 
Lancashire to signify '^ away tvith thee," and it is 
pronounced exactly similar to a rou(e. 

Rj/nt Uice, witch ! quolh Bess lA>cket to her mother. 

Cbsshirk Vrovkrb. 
Aroint thee, witchJ the romp fed zonyon cried. 


Aroum^ at large, probably having room ; unconfined. 

Hon he rod as he were wood, 
Araume he hcvyd axui witbatood«. 

RoM. or Ricn. Cgeur ds Liox^. 
Tho Alisauxidre tygh this, 
Aroum anon he draw i-wia. 


a hct I anwm wai in the field. 

Chaucsr's HoutJB or Famb* 

Arow^ in a row, in successive order. 

His hcrt€ bathed in a bathe of blisse, 
A thousand times arow he gan her kisse. 

Cbaugxr*! Win OP Bath. 
The days arow to pass the open street. 


Arrand (S. afrendian}, to bear a message^ to carry 
tidings; now written errand. 

ReniNaibenng kkim his orrBMf was to done 
Fr(»n Troiius and eke his g^rete emprize. 

Cbavcxr's Tbox Am Cbbss. 

Arras (F. arroB), fine rich and curious tapestry. 


used anciently in hangfing rooms of statej generally 
wrought with historical scenes and figures. It 
was made at Arras^ a townr in Artois^ and from 
hence derived its h^me. The' old castles in Eng- 
land were in the interior on^ naked walls, and 
were covered with arras, hung upon tenter hooks, 
which hangings were taken down upon every re- 
moval of the family. The* Duchess of Gloucester, 
in Shakspeare's K. Richard II. alludes to thig 
custom* .. . 

With all good Rpeed at Flashy visit me ; 
Alack I and what shall good old York see there 
But empty lodgings and unfurnished walls? 

The contact of the tapestry with tlie wall soon 
caused it to rot, which gave rise to the mvention 
of a frame work, to which the hangings were 
attached, and which left a considerable space be* 
tween the wall and the frame, sufficient, as appears 
by the first part of K. Hen. IV. to hide the bulky 
Falstaff from the view of the Sheriff. 

Go hide thee behind the ortM. 

1 Part K. Hi v. it. 

I will ensconce me behind the wrras. 


Polonins, in Hamlet y was killed whilst hid behind 
the arras. From the above quotations it appears 
that the custom of hanging rooms with arras, or 
something in imitation of it, was not confined to 
the dwellings of the rich, but descended by the 
usual march of refinement to the houses of the 
common people. 



I would rom wmA Imt huibMul had beea behiad tlM mrot tat 
to hftTe heord her. 

O. P. Ttit W»OW*« TfeAKB. 

Arre, ft term indieatini^ the soarlini^ of a dog. 

Ther orre nd b«k «t al||it afainat the sMmi. 

O. P. WomuMKB't Lktn Will, fte. 

Arrect (L. arrecium), to lift up, to set up, to 
elevate ^^ now written erect. 

JtmtijfHgt ny ai|^ towards the aodfcadEo, 
The dyaaa ar twdhie «D MuM ateie. 


Arride (L. arrideo), to please. 

•— — — • Her tam aaawoa aqr aAelloa* it mrriiet mm 


Arsie-terbib, to shrink, to go backward, to flinch ; 
to turn upside down or bottom upwards. This 
simple phrase has caused more learning to be 
thrown away upon it than it appears to be worth ; 
it has by some been supposed to be literally derived 
from the old Tuscan language in use among the 
Romans, being a formula affixed on doors to pre- 
vent fires, " inscribat aliquis in ostio arsc'-verse,'* 
from arceo, to avert, and verse, which imported 
fire; but Mr. Boucher very properly observes that 
there is no other connexion between the phrases 
than the striking similarity of the words, and sug- 
gests that it may be the French phrase d trovers 
or A revers, literally given in homely English. 
Dr. Jamieson derives it firom tergiverser^ and in 
this sense Butler uses the word ; but may it not be 
a burlesque corruption of i;tce versa, used accord- 


ing" to its vulgar acceptation^ to go the contrary 
way, or backward instead of forward? This sup- 
position is confirmed by the quotation from Hudi' 
bras, and no man knew better than Butler the 
meaning and application of the popular phraseology 
of his time. 

stand to't (quoth she) or yield to mercy, 
It is not %hting artie vertie 
SUaU serve thy turn. 


Arsoun (F. areofi), a saddle; but more properly 
the bow of the saddle. 

Launfel lepte Into the anrntn, 
And rod« home to KurlyoA. . 


Between the faddle and the artow%, 
The ftioke of the felon geode adoun. 

O. F. QVY OF Wakwx^. 

Artkd^ lujg^d, driven, compelledy constrained. 

Love artei me to do my obiervaoBce 

To his estate and don him obeisance. 

Cbapcer's Couar of Lotb* 
Record I take of wivtby Tideos, 

What ttftei his honde through troth's excellence. 

Lydoatb*8 Hist, of THSuit, 

Articulated (L. articvlus), setforth or exhibited 
lb articles in the form of an accusation. 

And Alexandre, let us honour thee 

With public notice of thy lojralty. 

To end those things articnlated here. 

O. P. Tbx Spanish Tragbdt. 

These things, indeed, you have artieukUed, 

Proclaim*d at market crosses, read in churches* 

TO face the gannent of rti>ellicni. 

X Fart IIkk. it. 

Aruspicy (L, aruspicium), to see or regard the 
foretelling events by inspecting the entrails of 


A tern more lensdCM tbaii the togaitry 
Oi old antspicy «iid augury* 


AsBATEi buying^ or parchasing. 

Alg»te he waited him so in his aA^tr, 
That he was aye befivc in food estate. 

CHAVcsa** Pro. to Manciplk*s TaUi* 

AscHORB, aside. 

Ever after the dogges were so starke, 
They stode asekort when they shulde barke. 


AsERED (S. 8earian)j dried, shrivelled up. 

Therefor that old tre les his pride, 

And aaered be ttiat o side. 

Rom. or mm Skvbx 8aoci«. 

AstNiGo, a fool or ideot; a cant term. 

In the interim they apptnled bm m yon eee, made afool or 
W «f/n(fo of me. - O. P, Tmm ANnuvART, 

Thoa halt BO more brftlBitbiBl hare in mine elbow I aa 
aulntgo may tutor thee. 


AsKOP^ in teoff, in deriiioD. Weber thinks aikew ii 
(l^rived Arom this word* but without reason. 

AUsauBdre Idked Mfnf, 
As if he gef noiifht^ereol. 

Rom, or K* AusAvvoKBf 

AsLAKEB (S,a»lcteian), abated, mitigated, quenched. 

WoaM yon have h|i kyre, either by absence oir »io>BeWt Miakedf 

O. P. Sndtmiok. 
THi at the la^ aslaked iras his mobd. 

Cmaucbr^s Knioht's Tals. 

AsPERANT (F. asperant), bold, proud, haughty. 

And have horses avenant* 

To him stalworttie and aaperaat. 

Bom. of K. Alisaunoks. 

AsPRE (L. asper^y rough. 

X trow I wis from hcaren teares rain» 
In pite of my aapre and cruel pain. 

Chav€SR*8 Trox avo Crxss. 

Ood yeTeth oft times to gode men godes mid mirthe, and to 
shrewes evil and aspre things. 

C9A(^c«R*s SogTB. 


AssEOURE (L. 9ecunul), to give assurance of, to 
make certain. 

Think yoa that any means under the sun can atucute ao 

indirect a conne ? 

DAiiiSL*a Civil Wab. 

AssiEGE (F. assieger)y to besiege, to beset with an 
armed force. 

Swiche ivond*riflc: was ther on ttkis hon of tanu. 
That sin thf prete €$iege of Tlroy was. 

CBAUcsn's 8i2uiRs*8 Tali. 

On tlie other tide the otfic^mlcasties* ward 
nieir atedfaste aima did mightilye maintain. 

Smnssr's F. QuKiir. 

AssoiGNE (F. eMonte), an excuse; to prevent or 
hinder. See '' Essoigne.'' 

Tho should no weather me ansoirte. 
That I ne shall her seek at Babiloine. 

Florics and Blanchplourx. 

AssoiL (L. abwhere), to acquit, free from charge 
or prosecution, to absolve fW>m crime, to cleanse; 
in this latter sense it is still in use in several Eng- 
lish counties ; as, to '^ syle milk/' is to cleanse it 
from impurities. 

I shall auoUe myself for a seme of wbete. 

P. Plowman's Vision. 

For cursing will slea right as atmiKng will save. 

Chaucxr's Pro. to Sompnour's Talx. 

But secretly «M«ilifv of her son. 

MiRR. FOR Mao. 
O this fsntastio sense of honour I I 
At luy own trihonal stand auoiPd, 

O. P. Tax AnvxNTiTRKs OF FiTX Hours. 

Assort (F. aa^ortir), to class together, to suit or 

Set down you here by one aufi. 

And better mirth never ye seigh. 

Srn Fkrumbras. 


AftSOTT (F. asBoter), to besot, to make a fool of. 

Not well awake, or that some extacy 
Aisotted had his sense, or dazed was his eye. 

SPENSBJI*9 F. QuxKtf. 

AsTATE (F. Hat), condition in life, fortune, rank, 
or quality. 

Tlie worlde stante ever upon debate. 
So may we siker none attate. 

Fko. to Oowbx's Cox. Atf. 

Vkhen he saw him so pitons and so mate 
That whilom were of so great astate. 

CaAucsa's ^uonr's Talk. 

AsTEEPiNG (8. steap), imbuing', soaking, drench- 

Were Perah*s flow*rs 
Perfume proud BabePs bowers 
And paint her wall. 
There we laid asteeping 
Our eyes in endless weeping;. 


AsTERTE (S. atyran), to startle or alarm. 

Who saved Daniel in that horrible cave, 
Ther every wight wer he maistre or knave, 
Was with the lione frette or he a«^er/&. 

Cuacckr's Man or Lawks Tali. 

AsTEYNTE (O. F. aitainte), attainted, charged with 

For thyn harm ttiou art hider y-come t 
He ! fyle atteynte heresone ! 

To misdo was aye thy wone. 

RoM. or K. Alisaundrs. 

AsTONE (S. stunian)i to amaze^ to strike with won- 
der, to confound, to astonish. 

Buth nathlcss how that it wende, 

lie drad hym of his own sonne, 

That makcth hym well the more astone. 

GowKR*s Con. Au* 

Adam, soon as he heard 

The fatal trespass done by Eve, amaz'd, 
Mtonied stood and blank. 

Par. Lost. 


PhiUtntbus, tut9nied at this speech, Ac. .,. 


Astound is used in the same sense. 

Their horses backes brake under them, • 

The knights were both astound. 

Sib Lancsl^t nv hAMW* 

AsTORE, together^ in a heap, plentiful. 

Twelve thousand he had to-f<»re 
Code knlghtes and doughty tutore, 

ROM. or K. ALisAVN»a«» 

Astrolabe (F. astrolabe), an instrument used to 
take the altitude of the heavenly bodies at sea. 

tie^d take the astrolabe and seek^ut here 
What new star *twas did gild our hemisj^here. 

Dbtdbn on thb Dbath op Loan Hastings. 

AswElTE, extinguished, put out. 

That the snow for the fayr no melte. 
No the fuyr for the snow aswelte. 

Rou. OP K. AusAu?n>RB. 

AswiTHE, forthwith, presently, by and bye. 

Without gilt thou shalt hyxn slayne aswithe, 

CHAucBa's Man op Lawbs TaiX. 

AsT»E (F. a««t«), situation, rank, or degree in life; 
in this sense the word is still in use in (Msize of 
bread, &c. which is a regulation of the price &ۥ 
cording to its relative value. 

And after mete the lordys wise, 

Every(^e yn dsrvers quentyse. 

To daunce went by ryght assize, 

Rom. op Oct. Imp. 

Atiente (F. atincler), to give a colouring to, to 

Oldmcnne ben fcUe and queinte. 
And wikkcd wrenches oonne atteii^e* 

Rom. op thb Sbvsn ^Saoss. 



Atilt, in a postore to make a thrust with a raised 
weapon; lifted up to attacjt. 

To nm 0.^2/ at men, and ^eld 
llieir'asked tools in open i«kl. 


AtovKE (F.), about, around. 

Wo mm lie never to ftdre o/our e. 

No field suoU a wrour. 

Roil. Of K. A1.I8AVVDU. 

At9AU>^ vexed, made angry. 

For 8be feUed both doth and cop* 
Nathlesse thai were gadered up, 
Swifh sore scke hyA atrmide, 

Ron, or TBB SSVBN Saoxs. 

Atrys (F. aUmr), a hood. 

Foldinfr onriays, pearling sprigs 
Atrya vardigales, periwigs. 

WAT80>r*s Hist. Collxctions. 

Attemperance, temper, disposition. 

Lowly she is, discreete ahd wise. 
And goodly gladde by attemperance. 

Lyogatk's Floubb of Covrtest. 

Attokge, at once, immediately, directly. 

And his fk-esh blood did A«tze.wiQi fuskd c(dd» 
That all his senses seem'd bereft aitonce. 

Spbnsbr's F. Qubbn. 

Attorn (S. tyman}, to torn over or transfer any 
business to another. The modern word attorney 
is derived from it. 


Attomied to your service. 

Measurb bor Mbasvrb. 

Attour (F. autour), over, around. 

AttBwr his belt las Hart lockes lay 
Feltred, unfsire, overfret, &c. 

Chaucer's Tbst. op Crbssbidb. 

ATTitAPT (low Lat. trappatuta), afdomed, embel- 

For all his armour was Uke salvag^e weed 
With woody moaae badifht, and aU his staed 

With oaken l««v«8 mUfV^i. 

Spbnsir's F. QvBisr. 

Atwaim£ (S. twain), in two^ divided io two parts* 

And with that word he ean sigh as sore, 
like tts his hart would rive atwaine. 

Chavobb^ Complaint «>> Tkx Bl4€S Kjoost* 

Atween (S. Aefiretman), betweefl, in tte ifitemi^- 
diate space. 

Her loose lone yellow locks, like ffoldeh wirte, 
Sinrinkled ytiXk perl and perling flow'rs olnwen. 

Atwhot aod Atwhit^ to upbraid or reproach. To 
twit is still in use, eadof simtiariiiipott. 

And set his wlf iioitii fot-hetab 
And his misdeeds her ^twkoi, 

Rom. of tbs Bitin 8aob8« 

AuF^ a foolish person, iadolt, an iteot; a change* 
lingp derived from ouphe, a Ikiry or goblin^ now 
gpenerally pronouiieed oaf. 

Some silly doting brainless cal^ 
That understands things by the halir, 
. . Bays fkititiielBSry left the wir 
And took away the othejr. 


AUGRiM BTOXBB, a cormptiott of ndgmgrn, stn Ani-* 
bic word, si^ifyin j tli^ art of nnmeratiotti. Febbtes 
and milled sixpenoes were formerly us^ in Eng*- 
land as coanters to reckon by. The -Oreeks and 
lUxmfMis in the earliest periods ]ssed stones^ and 


62 A. QItmSJk%lAh JUI0 . 

Atilt, in a postore to make a thrust with a raised 
weapon; lifted up to attacjt. 

To nm 0.^7/ at men, and "wield 
Their wAbA tools in open i«kl« 


AJOfsnm (F.), about, around. 

Wo nnr lie never to ftdre o/onf «, 
No fiel4 «acb a WMrour* 


At9AU>9 vexed, made angry. 

For 8be f eUed both doth and copi 
Naihlesse thai were gadered up, 
SwtOi sore scke hyA atraide, 

Ron, or TBS SsTXN Saoxs. 

Atrys (F. atour), a hood. 

Foldinfr onriays, pearling sprig* 
Atrys vardigales, periwigs. 

Watsow's Hist. Collsctions. 

Attemperance, temper, disposition. 

Lowly she is, discreete abd wise. 
And goodly gladde by attemperance. 

Lyogatk's Floubb of Covrtest. 

Attokge, at once, immediately, directly. 

And his fresh blood did freeze. wiQi frndoi c(^» 
niat all his senses seem'd bereft attonce. 

Spbn8br*8 F. Qubbn. 

Attorn (S. tyman), to torn over or transfer any 
business to another. The modern word attorney 
is derived from it. 


Attomied to your service. 

Measurb for Mbasurb. 

Attour (F. autour), over, around. 

Attour his belt las Hart lockes lay 
Feltred, unfuke, overfret, &c. 

Chavcbr*s Tbst. of Crbssbide. 


ArritAPT (low Lat. trappaiura), adorned, embel- 

For all his armour was Uke salvage weed 
With woody moaae bfldiffht, ami aU his stee^ 

With oaken leavM mUra^, 

Spbnser's F. QvBKsr. 

Atwaime (S. twain), in two, divided io two partt* 

And with that word he ean sigh as sore, 
like «8 his hart would rive atwaine. 

Atween (S. huhoeonan), between, in tke intemii- 
diate space. 

Her loose long yellow locks, like ffoldieh wire, 
ttnrinkled yfiXlx psal and perling flow'rs olnwen. 

AtwHot and Atwhit^ to upbraid or reproach. To 
twit is still in use, eadof simttarnnpott. 

And set his wlf forth fot-hefeSb 
And his misdoeds her ^twkoi, 


AuF, a foolish person, adoU, an i<dterot; a change* 
ling* derived from ouphe, a fkfry or goblin, now 
gpeiierally pronouiiced oaf. 

Some silly doting brainless calf^ 
That understands things by fhe hatiT, 
. . Bays fhititlielBSry left tlifviiir 
And took away the othejr. 

AUGRiM BTOXBa, a cormption of Mg^^rulm, an Ani-* 
bic word, signifying the art of nnmeratiotti. Febbt^s 
and milled sixpenoes were fonnef ly us^ in Eng» 
land as connters to reckon by. The Ofeekft aiid 
lUwifMis in the earliest periods med stoneik) and 


afterwards ivory or bone^ for the purpose of teacli- 
ing arithmetic. 

First by seconds, terces and eke quarters 
On augrim stones and on white cartes. 

Lydoatv's Hist. Thkbss. 

AuLD FARRAN, a ^ord chiefly in nse with Scottish 
authors, and having* various meaning ; as, comely> 
beseeming, hopeful, handsome; also, cunning or 
sagacious^ and^ occasionally, old fashioned. 

These people, rierht auldfarfOHt will be laith 
To thwart a nation. 

RAMSAT'i PoaMa« 

Wiftt ail«t our Tib that the urles lae i^'seuke } 
8he*t nat reatt-4he leanket an awdfarrtm leaoket 

Let matrons round the ingle meete. 
And Join for whisk their mou's to w^et, 
An' in a droU attldfamn lect. 

Boirr Faxrxss' Cback. MoBBisoy'i Pobms. 

AVMERB (F. aumoniere), a purse. 

Weare streiglrt gloves with aumere 
Of silk and alway wtth good chere. 

Cbavcbb's Rom. op tbb Roes. 

AuNCET, an ancient term to denote a particular 
weight, but of what denomination is uncertain; 
perhaps it may have relation to the Latin uncia, 
and be derived from that word, or it may be a 
mispeliing for auncd weight quasi handsale, a sort 

of weight with hooks, fastened to the end of a 


* beam, which was lifted up by the fore finger of 
the iMind, perhaps somewhat like the modern steeK 

BTTMOLdGf CA& BlCflOlf ART. 65 

yard. From the decepUon practised by this mai- 
chine it wa« profatbited by several statutes and the 
even balance required to be substituted* 

My wife yns a webster, and wdlen doth made* 

She tptk to spinsters to spin it out. 

And the pound that she piOA bffaM ft qiUBtar or tton 

Thun mine own aiiiicaf . 

P. PtoiniAN's Vis. 

Aunt, a cant terjoi for a bawd or procuress. 

Was it not, then, better bestowed upon his nnde than upon 

•ne of Ma Mtaft^ Inaedaot utf bawdt* for erery ana kaowt mbtit 

munt stands fas* 

O, P. A Trick to Catch tttt Ox.» Oin. 

To call you one of mine auntg. Sister, were as good as to call 

you errant whofe. 

O. P. Tte tlomisT Whorb. 

AuNTRE, risk, adventure; it is a corruption of the 
latter word. 

I will arise and aunira it, by my £ayl 
Unhardy is unsely, as menne say. 

Cbaucbr's Rbtb's Tali. 

Thus can I nouBbt myself ceansaUo, 

But all I sel on oim/rf . 
I GowB»'a Con. Ak. 

AuREAT (L. aurwm)^ having ilam colour or quality 
of gold. 

And San departs k& ftehtts leda fobyter 
ttask bsidBit aa QSlAiKilb imrmte If^is lyta.* 

Douoxjks's Enbid. 

AusMCY (L. ampicium), literally the favooralle 
omiens druwpf fhyrtif wittcklng the l%&tof Wrds; 
to foretell good fortune ; protection. 

NMie G^ their kindred met the knot they tie 
Silent; content with Briton's owi^jcsr. 

Au STERN (L. austerus), stem, severe. 



And who is beyond tlioo, Uulye ftke. 
That looketh with sic an tnuteme Cace? 


BT Douglas. 

Bvt as a boistons choile in his manere 
Came cxabbedly with amteme loke and chere. 

CHAVCxa's Taoi and Cbxss. 

AvA, at all^ corrupted from of all. 

She neather kent spinningr nor carding. 
Nor brewing nor baking aoa. 


Avals (iP. d*(xoalet), to lower, fall down, sink or 
descend; also, to make obeisance by uncovering 
the head. 

The miUer that for dronken was all pale. 
So that unnethe upon his horse he satte, 
Ne n'old tnailen neither hoode ne hat. 

Chaucbb's Millkr*s Talk. 

— ^— But when they came in sight. 
And firom their sweaty coursers did aoale, 

Spbn8er*s F. Qubsn. 

Then firom her wheele fortune cast him down, 
AiMiiied him from his royal see. 


AvAUNT (F. avant), a word of abhorrence used to 
drive awaj any person, and signify ingp begone. 

Avauni ! and quit my sight; 

Thy bones are mairowless. 


O he is bold and bludies not at death; 

Avauntl thou hatefiil villain, get thee gone ! 

K. John. 

To avaunt is also used to signify to boast, literally 
from the French ooanf, to advance or go forwahi* 

ll^s prorerb leme of me, 

Av4»wU never of thy degree. 

Antis* Rbvbrtobt. 

AvBNANT (F. avmant), comely, graceful, beautiful, 


Clere brown she was, aiid.thereto bright. 

Of ftu:e uid body aventmt, 

CaAucsR'8 Rom. or turn Rosb. 

HaniUL was curteys and stronge, and of body abenmU, 

P. Lawotoft's Chron. 

AvENTAiLE. See " Adventaile." 

AvERRUNCATE (h.averrunco), to scrape, cut off, 

or lop the superfluous branches of trees; figura- 

tirely, to avert an evil. 

• Unless by providential wit 
Or force we emerruncate it. 


AvETROL (F. avoistre), an illegitimate child or 
bastard. ' 

Thou at>e/ro/«/ thou foule wreche I 
Here thou hast thyn endyng feched. 

RoM» or K. Alisaqnbrb. 

Ayeyse (F avise), careful, wary. 

Also the kyng and his meign^ 

Gladdest were and av«y«e. 


Ayise (F. aviser), to advise, inform, or instruct ; 
alsoj to consider. 

of warre and of bataile he was full avi»e. 

P. Lanotopt's Chrow. 

Who, when he cansM her since to be baptizM 
Stood sponsor too, hath well her weal aoiaei. 

Wat's Fabuavx, Aucassin and Nicolbttb. 

They stayd not to avite wtio first should be. 

But all spuzr'd after fast. 

Bpbwsbr'i F. QetKt, 

Ayisement. See " Advisement" 
AvisioN (L. msio), the faculty of seeing a vision 
or phantom. 

The king of hit avition 

Hath grtiitfr imagination 

What thiog it signifte jmKf. 

Gowbr'8 Cok. Am. 

60 A 6LOS6ARIAL Alf» 

Atoid (F.vuider), toqoit orlei^ve; begone. 

What liare jfn to 4o liere, fellow } pray avoid the house. 


Avoir (F. nMtr), possession, wealth. 

A bnrgeis Wiiii Bottetoan, 
A riche man of great renooo ; 
Merchant lie was of great oMfr. 

BojVr or vat ftrnvm aA.o««. 

AvowiS or ADV0W1& (L. adu^ocatua), & fbunder, 
patron, or protector of a chun^ or convent, who 
was iKMind ex officio to maintain and defend the 

. rigti|& and privileges of his church or coBVCjat, as 
well as to nominate and present to it; but tb«se 
persons becoming' negligent and ignorant of their 
duties, advocates were employed to solicit and 
prosecute causes in courts of justice, wherein the 
rights and interests of such religious fraternities 
were involved. Advowson is derived from this 

Where is your abbaye vrhen you are at home? 

And who is your awnoi.' 

A LvTSii Okstb of Bobtn Hodb. 

AWAIWAR0 (S. mJoeyrweard\ aside or away. 

nil FlHikiu gan awmiwmrd At to yvien, 
Blaa tbouglit Ma woAkt hart blast a two. 

CHAVCJia's Makoiplb's Talb. 

A WAV> a word to express dislike or aversion, in fre- 
quent use with the early writers. 

HencQ, Juda», with* these doinges I caamot oteragitf. 

O. 1^. Thb Kbw Custou. 

Good VfeiXt^ I will eat heartily too, because I wlUlisao Jew; 
I never away with that sttfiMetaed genvmtio*. 

B. JinnoM** Bartholombw Faib. 

Of aU the nyjmp&sM the eenrt X eamwt away with her. 

B, JoNSON*8 Cynthia's Rbvbls. 


AwHAPE (S. tpqfian), to terrify, astonish, or con- 

Sole by himself, awhaped and amate. 

SrENSBA*s M. Hoibabd's Talx. 

AwHiT (S. hiDtt), a jot, a point. 

These far exceed the hagrsard hawke« 

That stoppeth te no stale) 
Nor forceth on the line atohii, 

ihxt mounts with er'iy gale. 


Ax (S. dscian), to ask. This word, though now 
coiiMdered as vulgar and ungramanatical, was in 
ttie centuries before the modern word ask, to sig- 
mfy the same thing; in truth, the latter word it 
corrupted from the Saxon. 

But whan thoawert gone, I fell to lysne hj «Bd hye, 
And the diipl^wydc Good Lord T I Me the merexe. 

Ga»*8 Pkomiiiii by Josaw B4Ui» 
A poor laxar, «poa a tide, 
Came to the fate, nd atid n^tte. 

Oowm'i Con* Am. 

Aite not whyi for tbo thou oMi me, 
I wol not tellea God's prlvltie. 

Chavcbr*8 Mi»br*i Tali. 

Axes, the disease called now the ague; the term is 
still in use in various parts of England and Scot** 

The body ehe so feeble and so fi^nt, 
With bote and cold mine «re« is so BMMntk 

Chaucbr*s Comp. or thb Black Kniobt. 

Ithi^peth often so. 

That one Uiat of axes doeth fall ill fare» 

By good counsel can keep his irend thorfro*. 

Chaucbb's Troi and Cbbs^. 

Aye (S.), for ever, always. 

Alas, my neele, we shall never mete* adue, adae for aye/ 

O. P« Gammbb Gvbtok*8 Nwdlb^ 

70 A QLO0BARIA1* Alf» 

AbA B0wU darliiOBfee doofeoni wittchMl thnlV 
Remedylets for i^e he doth hym holde. 


And set fen: aye enthrowned in heaven. 

Marlow's K. Xdw. II. 

Ayenst, against, oppo«ed to. 

nils iMca wor^y knight had htm alto 
Sometime -with the lofrd tt BriBtii|r 
Ajfetut anotlier heathvi. 

CsaucbaNi Kniobt*! Tals. 

To yeve in hope tho'e fruite shall take, 
Ayenst autumn ledy for to shake. 

CiiAt;cKR*8 Co«p. or mm BtAOt Kxixottr. 

Ayont, beyond. To explain this word witti re- 
fbrence to the quotation! it is necessary to obterre, 
that In ancient times fires were made in the flsifcl- 
die of a roomi with a hole above to let ent the 
smoke ; lUtiair* therefore^ uyonl^ or beyond the 
lire (t. e. between the moveable grate and the 
wall)j is readily Boderatood. 

7%e night was colde, the carle was wat, 
And ^'onffk m^mtt tiie ingrte he flat. 

O. B. Tsa Gabbrlvncix }ILas, 

Azure (F^ amir^, a brilliant precious £tone> of a 
sky blue colour; also, a general term fpr the 
colour of the sky. 

Day hath hi* golden sua, her moon tibe Jrirht, 
U& Sx'd and waodsring stam the usmm bright. 

Fairfax's TAssOf 


Babel pride, a pride simikr to the folly and pre- 
sumption of the children of Nimrod. 

Beware, Piero, Rome itself hatli tried, 
Conftuloii'b tnixk hknm up Oil* Baiel ivIiHL 


Why, wliat a Babel arrogance is thi»t 

O. P. Wha9 Yocr Wti.].. 

Bace, more generally written base,, and sometknes 
called prisoners' hase or bars, an ancient pastime, 
neBtioned in the parliamentary records of Edw. III. 
^here it is prohibited to be played in the avenues 
of the palace at Westminster, during the sitting of 
VniU^meBi/' mil enfBm'iUneaMtresnejv£d bam».^* 
U was, however^ chiefly a boy's game, and k still 
known and played in Tarions partfl of the country^ 
and so; late as 1770, a grand match at base was 
playe4 in the fields behhid Montague Bouse, now 
the British Museum. The success of the competi- 
tors in this amusement depends upon their celerity 
in runnings 

So ran fhey all as they had been at baee. 
They being chased that did others chace. 

Spbnsbr's F. Quk«}N 

He with two stripling lads more like to ran 

The country 6a<e, than to coinmut mich slaughter. 


Ba<3H£L0r (F. b<i% chevalier). The poorer knights 
in the days of chivalry were denominated bache- 


lors, but some were so called by virtiM of the 
tenure of their lands, and were when kaigphted 
called knights bachelors. 

WkatgmXUbaekeior It he, 
Sword bagirt in figbtiiic field. 

Wat's Fabliaox, Tbk Gbntli BAcniom. 

Backare, a word of which neither the etymology 
or meaning is now understood, bat it is supposed 
to imply *' go back/' and probably is a corroptioii 
of " back there,*' The old proverb seems to jus« 
tify this supposition. 

" BackareJ** quoth Moitimer to his sow. 
Went that sow back at his bidding, tiow you t 

Hbtwood'b Rna, 
Let us that are poor petitioners speak too; 
Baccate! you are marvellous forward. 

Tamino op a 

Bacon, Friar, a learned monk of the Franciscan 
order, born in HH, a great experimental philo* 
sopber, whose elaborate discoveries were by the 
vulgar and unlearned attributed to magic. 

Bmcon, thou hastlionour'd England With tbj 8klU» 
And make fair Oxford famous by thine art. 

O. P. Friar Bacon and Friae BimoAT. 

Bacrack, the name of a wine made at Bachisera, 
on the Rhine, and thence called Bacharack. 

I*m for no tongues but dried ones, such as will give a fine 
relish to my Backarack. 

O. P. Thr Citt Match. 

And made them stoutly overcome 
With Baerackf hoccamore, and mom. 


Badges. The menial servants and also retainers in 
great families anciently wore a badge or device. 


iDonristing' of the coat of arms or crest «f the 4onl 
<»e nia8ter> fixed on a separate piece of eloth^ toine- 
tim68 of silver or other metal, to the4eflsleev€i of 
the blue coat, which wasonifomily its colour; 
hence the proverbial saying, '* like a blue coat 
without a badgpe/' The custom was discontinued 
labout the reign of James I. but is yet retained, by 
watermen^ &c. . . 

A blae coat and a badge does better with you. . . 

O. P. Grbbns*8 Tu Qudgux. 
A crew of roisters waited on her, 
Which there were' called her men of honQnr, 
AU clad in fair hlae coats and badgea. 

Cotton's Virgil Trayvbtib* 

Baffle (F. bqfimer), to disgrace or treat v?ith in- 
dignity; to inflict a punishment on a recreant 

First he his beard did shave, and fowly 8hent» 
Then from him reft his shield and it renverst. 

And blotted out his arms with falsehood blent. 
And himself bt^uWd and his armes unherst. 

Spbnsbr's F. QuBsy. 

ill make one} an I do not call be villain and hajgk me. 

1 Part K. Hjen. iv. 

Bailye (F. haillie), government, seigniory, autho- 
rity, rule. 

Y thi bytake my baityt. 

My folke with hym to coverye. 

ROM. OF K. Alisaundrs. 

Baine (F. hain), a bath ; also, as a verb, baigner, 
to bathe. 

And ba4h*d him in the baine 

Of his spn*s blood, before the altar skdne. 

Mirb. roB M4C* 

To baine themseVves in my distilling blood. 

LobtfB's Wdtri^Ds 0r Ctni. Wab; 


74 A OiAJMAMAh 4N0 

Paii:iq mcata were any kind of veat baked \$ a 
. ertts^of patiry, which is bow usuaUy caliod m ateat 
: . pi^. ' Colgrave feQdeia.po(«89fer a niakec of paste 
<i»e*tSy aD<il |Mltaam#» baked meata. 

Oi^ coldly farnish out the marriage tables. 

. Tbis ' i^ludee to a custom formerty iiniTerBally 
observed, and still so by the lower ctasees ia the 
country, to ftirnisfa a cold collation to the mourners 
at a funeral. 

Tea speak as if a man 

ShoTild know what fowl is coffte'd in a bak*d meat 
AfMre M is cat «p. 


Calais of :?intayl£> from the old French baUay^ 
a ruby of a faint red colour, and entailU^ carved or 

t7p9n her hed» sette in t3ie fttirest wise* 
A circle of great bdUi,is ofentaile. 

Chaucer's Assbhblie of Ladixsi 

Balderbash, a word of uncertain deriraHon, but 
probably fro^n baldy Sax. bold, and dtzsh, to min- 
gle ; ariy thing mixed or jumbled together without 
discretion, and hence it is particularly applied to 
frivolous ox unconnected discourse, and to the 
mixing or adulteration of liquors. 

It is against my freehold, my inheritance. 
To drink such baiderdoihi 


S'foot ! Wine sucker, what have you fi&eA us here ? baJderdash ? 

O. P. May DAT. 

EiAM>:iJW<y(-: See " Bawdrick/* 


Bale (S. imi), griefs misery^ sorrow, tft)iiblef, cala- 
mity, mischief. 

And I ildle tdle tbal; tile m< Mrar go. 

Now falsenes tarewia ftttte Willi Mm and maiiy mo. 

Roil. OV GlOUCStTBR*S Chrov. 

Rome And hfirnts ate kt the point (if iMttle, 
the one side must have bale, 


Withoiiten that would come a heavier baie, 

Bbattib'6 Mjnitbsl. 

Balb Ot mCE, a pair of fklse dice. 

Sole regent orver a bale of fttlse^cft. 

O. P. WjiAt Tod Wu». 

For exercise of arms a bale of dice. 

fi. JoNSON's Nbw Inn. 

Balk (S. 6afc), a great beam used in building, a 
rafter in a kitchen or out-house ; a radc hxed to the 
T&fter or balk, \tsaa11y in old fleirm houi&es, holds 
the flitches of bacon used by the family. 

Many a piece of bacoh have I had oift df their balki. 

O. P. akintiR*airirr9iv*t NrapLS. 

He can well in mine eye sene a staUce, 
But in his own be cannot sen^ a 6aM;rt 

. • • * ' 

Ballad^mongsr, one who deals iii baliiMl writing; 
. ;but;Sb^peare gives it in the sense of a writer or 
composer of ballads.^ . .«•.«' 

I had rather be a kitten, and cry mew^ 
iThan one of these same metre ballo/A-mtrngers, 

1 Part K. tl». it.. 

Balladry, the stile or manner of ball«d». 

What though the greedy fty 
Be taken with ftdse baits 
Of worded baUadary, 


Sallarao^ a loMT but ludicrous term, in use only 


3b8 ... A GJL088ARIAI. AND. 

With the tiilgar> signifying to bully or 8cold after 
the fashion of Billingpsgate. 

On Mindcn't plAiiM, ye me«k movns^en* - 

BeDaember KinipiAfly's pceiuulieni 

You sor^ tbongkt to baUarag as 

With, your fine squtdnui off Ca9>e Lagos. 


Balliards (F. hiUard), now called billiards^ a well 
known game of skill, by which certain coloured 
balls are driven by a stick, upon a smooth tabl^ 
covered with green clotb^ into net pockets, su4<^ 
pended from the table, at equal distances. 

With dice, wllb cbi^b, vtitii balKardt, fkr unfit, 
With ihutttecoekt, mteseeninf manly wit. 

Sf«II«BB.'« M0THS» HUBBAKS*t Tai.^ 

Balloon (F. bahn)^ a sport confined to the fields 
or other open space of ground. A large ball, caced 
with leather and filled with air, is impelled by the 
hand or foot from one persoa to anotheiu it is a 
game rather for exercise than contention, and in 
this it differs from foot ball. The game is of French 
origin, and is still one of the daily amusements in 
the Champs Elyse^ in Paris; it was well known 
and practised in England in tlie 14th century un- 
der the name of balloon baU, and is mentioned as 
one of the sports of Prince Henry, son of James I. 
in 1610. 

While others hare be^en at ttie baih<m,l have been at my bookK 


Packe fool to French baloone, and tbere at play. 

Consume the pn^iTess of t!ie sullen day. 

Phil. Sattrss.. 

"Bos, All that is nothing, I can toss him thus. 

Guy. Ithen; *tis easier sport than the 6a/oon«. 

O; P. Tab Fovb Af pbknticks or- Lonpow^. 

Balow^ an interjectioiiiA fAtase jof the nursery, 
synonymous vritb hush, lullaby, &c. 

Bttkfw, nif ttbe, Ue-ilill«aA«iMie. 

iaurr Amni B««ifrsu.*« Lamint. 

__ ' • 

Ban (G, banneri)^ to interdict by public proclama.- 
tion, f^urse; it has various other sijgtiificationSy 
but is chiefly used by old writers in the sense of to 
command, forbid, or excommunicate by authority. 

Ah! Qkxacegtesc^lUde.theefiroBitibcftrliat^ , 

And in tiiy closet pent up, roe ^y fluime 

And Jmm ttdne ^nendflB* 

S Paet K. Hbn. ti. 

fnie«MvediMlt*tikcird.toiMllBeiice . ' 
Much more to taste it^ tOMler btm to tOttc|i. 

' Pjer. LO«t; 

Banbury. This town m OxfoixU^ was formerly 
much inhabited by rigid puritans, whose chief em- 
ployment was weaving'. 

in send some forty tiioiisaiid tiaCo IpiiMa*s; ' ' ' 
Build a cathedral nest in BMi&tfry. 

0« P. IfBS. OiUUKAKT. 

I If more devout . . 

^Ou^ * weaver of iiffiAwy. 

O. P. Th» Wits. 

San«> ^S.tontf), the^okl metboA of spettng^ ^kiad<; 
juB teNittmneBt or obligation to fpay^ a debt. '■ 

•tOlm^ watlieaiMatedottaftAnil/. ';: .^ 

J do'bfeseech yoor BU^esty may sfedre > • 

, , ^ntekmir grown wounds of inyuDteiQpexaaqei .. 

If not, the end of life cancels aU bands. • 

Ban-bog, a species of mastiff, the etymology of 
which is uncertain, but is supposed to be so called 
from its being^sfeslciiedttp by a band on account of 
its ferocity. 



with the t«lgar> signifying to bully or 8cold after 
the fashion of Billingpsgate. 

On Minden't plAiiM, ye me«k movns^en* - 

Eemember KinipiAfly's pcesuulieni 

You sorely tlwuglit to boUarag tts 

Witlv.your fine squtdnui off Cape Lagos. 


Balliards (F. hiUard), now called billiards^ a well 
known game of skill, by which certain coloured 
balls are driven by a stick, upon a smooth tabl^ 
covered with green clotb^ into net pockets, sus*' 
pended from the table, at equal distances. 

With dice, wltti cardB, witli balKurdi, fkr unfit, 
With ihuttlecocks, mteseeninf manly wit. 


Balloon (F. baton), a sport confined to the fields 
or other open space of ground. A large ball, cased 
with leather and filled with air, is impelled by the 
hand or foot from one persoa to another: it is a 
game rather for exercise than contention, and in 
this it differs from foot ball. The game is of French 
origin, and is still one of the daily amusements in 
the Champs Elyse^ in Paris; it was well known 
and practised in^ England in tlie 14th century un- 
der the name of balloon ball, and is mentioned as 
one of the sports of Prince Henry, son of James I. 
in 1610. 

While others hare been at the bathotti I have been at my bookK 


Packe fool to French baUnme, and there at play. 

Consume the progress of the suUen day. 

Phil. Sattrbs*. 

Kas. All that is nothing, I can toss him thus. 

Guy. 1 then ; 'tis easier sport than the baioone, 

O. P. Ths Four Af prknticks qt- Loypoif^ 

Balow^ an interjecliMai fAtase ^ the nursery, 
synonymous with hosh^ Inllaby^ &c. 

JEtaltw, mfttbe, Ue-ilillMiA^lMie. 

iaurr Amni B««ifrsu.*« Lamint. 

Ban (G^ banneri)^ to interdict by public proclamd,- 
tion, t^urse; it has various other sigbificaiioni^ 
but is chiefly used by dd writers in tbe sense oif to 
command^ forbid, or excommunicate by authority. 

Ah! Gki(ncwtnr» lOde.thecfrffm thg^l^teftilJlQOk^i , 
And in tiiy closet pent up, roe ^y fluime 

S Paet K. Hkn. ti. 

fnie«MiediMlt* Hkcird.toiMllBeiice 
Much more to taste it^ tOMler bum to tOttc|i. 

- Pjer. L6«t. 

Banbury. This towoi i«i QaLfordUb^ was formerly 
mudh inhabited by rigid puritans, whose chief em- 
ployment was weaving'. 

in send some forty tiMnuand tmCo fMP^ ' ' ' 
Bidld a catliednl nest in BMi&tfry. 


" r ' ' ' :She li »ore devomt 

yhwi s weaTOT of J i w lw y . 

O. P. Thk Wits. 

Sai«d ^S.6ofitf), thexyid method of spelling ^kiad<; 
in ioitmseBt or obligation to pay^ a debt. - 

•toimfe, watlicaiMatedonaftdnil/". ';: '^ 

1 do'btaeeeh yoor nu^esty may sfedre - - > • 

Olte kinir grown voimds of iny iatemperubqei . 
If not, the end of life cancels aU ftimefo* * 

Ban-bog^ a species of mastiff, the etymology of 
which is ^neertatn^'but is supposed to be so called 
from its being^sfeslciiedttp by a band on account of 
its fentoity. 


YS •'' * ' A* GXOSSAtllAC. 'AMfir. . 

We hay.e gre^it han-doga to tear their skin. 

Th6 time o( nigiit wli«a 1tt)7 -«r»s set on fire, 
Hie-time iwl^m screech ^wls cry and dofi-tfo^ howl. 

K. Hxir. n. 

■■.'''Jit * ■ ' »■ ' ' • • ' ■ ■ • 

Bandox^iIer (V,^landoulief)y little wooden' cates^ 
covered witK leather /^nd holding; a^thitrge of 
powder, formerly worn by^ soldiers on a shourder 

. belt. 

My cask I must chang:e to a cap and feather; mybanHlero to 
a scarf to hang my sword in. ' ' 

O. P. Ths Rotai. Kino anb Lotai. SirsjiCTr^ 

Bandoun (Ov F. 5aiidon)> power^ discretion; liberty 
to do.i^^hing^' 

Tlie emperoure and his baronns 
' ' • ' - - Yidietb hem-to Ihy SvuMmi ■ 

. I . RoM. or K. Ausaundrx« 

Bandroll (F. handerolte), a small streamer^ ban- 
ner^ or pennon, usually fij^ed near the point of a 

Brfns with strong lance some adverse knight to gtonnd. 
And leaves his bandroll weltering in his wound. 

WatHI PAaliaox, HimxMk and Eolantinx. 

Bandt» Jt woid derived from the Fitench^'ouer a 
bander y tbe name of a i ural sport played by Wys, 
by striking a leathern or wooden ball with a stick, 
crooked at the end, from one to another; it also, 
figuratively, signifies to debate, canvass, or hold 
contention with. 

, . , ' " The shooting stars* 

Which in an eye bright evening seem to faU, ' 
' ." Are nothing but tiiehaUs they, lose at. teiuty. '.-.!,. 

O. P. LiNOVAr 

One fit to 6an^ with vy lawless Bdnst . • 
And nMBe in thte oommonwealth of Rome. . 

Tit.' iismwivams. 

£tTJiOtX>6ICAt DIOnOfNART. 7^ 

Banr£ROUT> immediately derived from the Frem^ 
banfueraute, but primarily from the Latin bancus, 
the bench) table, or counter of a tradesman, and 
ruptuSf broken ; the insolvency of the party whose 
station or place of transacting business was broken 
up and gone; in its modern acceptation it means 
a bankrupt, or one whose debts exceed his means 
or power of payment. 

But, nathless I toke onto our cttme . - » 

Your -wif at home tiie same gold again* 

Upon your benehe she wote it vrtSX. 

Dainty bit* 

Make ridi the ribs, but bankerotU the wits. 

K. Richard it, 
*Tis done, he pens a ]»Dclaaati(» stout 
In rescue of the banker's bankeraut* 


Bankbus, cushions, probably that part of the furnv- 
ture of a bed now called pillows, derived from the 
Saxon 6cmc, a hill or elevated piece of ground. 

,, ( , tWhere Is Uiy duonhemitoiily be seen 

With burly beddc and bankers brouded been. 
■ tl > . Chavcbr's Tk8¥. OF Cnass. 

BAi^kH's HdRSE, a horse kept by a man of the name 
of Banks, which he taught to exhibit various tricks, 
to the great wonder and amusement of the specta- 
tors* He was so celebrated as to be frequently 
mentioned by the writers of the s&ra of Queen 

She governs them with signs and by the eye, as Sanka breeds his horte, 

. O. P. Ths PAmaoi^'s Wapniw* 

It 8h«U be chyonide^ next itfter the death of BMkt his hone. 


Bankbipb. This portion of ithe kocoiigb i«€ €hmlii- 
<wftrk WAS fformerlj inhabited by loom womeD. 
Th0 cwdiiml bisbopof Winchester (temp. Hen* IV.) 
^orived a part of bis revenue from feet «Howed 
Jbkn from brothel Iceepers, lor peimssion i^keep 
4faeir houses io hk maxior. The bishop's palmoe is 
fltiU yisible, thoiigh in roins, and thevois yet oa 
the Bankside an alley called ^' Cardinal Cup Al- 
ley/' from the eigti of one of the brothels being 
" The Cardinal's Cap." Shakspeare, in the 1st 
part of Henry IV, allados to this source of the 
bishop's revenue, A person infected with the 
morlms gaUicu9 was called a Wincfhester goose. 

Thoa Uiat g^iv'st whores indulgences to sin, 
1*11 canvass thee in thy broad cardinal^ hat. 

1 PitRT Bmm, -rrm 
Come, I will send for a whole coach or two 
0( BaifkiidelBjSleB, and we will be Jovial. 

. O. P. TBfl MtfBBS* tlrfk^Xliro Gb48S. 

Barbe, a species of defensyve armour Tor a horse ; 
also, the ornamental trappings of horses in time of 
peace or at a tournament. It is a corruption of 
hardcy from bardare^ .bfirbarous Latin. 

The loftle fteed wfth .golden seU 
And goodly g(»rgebus barbet, 

BnitBJUL'UiP. QnsBir* 

And now, inrtead of mounting ^flr&«<f steads 
To firight the souls of fearfiil advenaties, 
He capers nimUy in a lady's diamber. . 


;. • t • 

Ba^be, a tiedcerehief or veil^ used at funeral solem^ 
nities^ which vtm worn hy diffeient ranks in the 


manner prescribed by the sumptuary la^s; on 
persons of distinction^ it i^as tied above the cfain» 
depending* over the breast, and hence itwasciEdled 
hbarb, from its resemblance to abeatd. 

In token of moomiBgr, barbed theviaa^. 
Wimpled ecbe one. 


Barber (F. barber), to shave or trim the beard. 
This ornwnent (for it was so considered when 
worn) was an object of great attention about three 
centuries ago, and was fashioned to a variety of 
shapes. Taylor, called the water poet, mentions 
them as cut to resemble a quickset hedge, a spade, 
a fork, a stiletto, a hammer, &c. Much time was 
spent '' in starching and landering'' them, and 
suich care w^as taken to preserve them in proper 
shape, that cases were made to enclose them, 
"which were put on at night, that they might not 
be disarranged whilst sleeping. The fashion of 
wearing beards, declined in the reign of Charles IT. 
and was gradually discontinued. Barbers were 
employed to trim and adorn the beard, and so. called 
from barba, a beard, and to barber was to shave 
or put the beard in order» and not to powder, as 
Dr. Johnson suggests. The use of powder was 
unknown in the time of Shakspeare. 

oxDr cotixteotts Anthony, 

Whoa ne'er the ward of no woman heard speak* 
Sfin; barber*d tei^ times o'er, go^s to the feast. 

Anth^ and ^ji«or«. 


The bftrber^s shop wai formerly the nart for news 
as il 16 now; but, as newspapers were not in 
existence, the company in waiting amosed them- 
selves in playing on the cittern, a species of late 
or guitar, furnished by the proprietor of the shop. 
This custom is alluded to in Ben Jonson's Silent 

I have married the cittern, that is common to aU men. 

Barbican (F. barbacane), a parapet or strong high 
wall with turrets to defend the gates of a draw* 
bridge ; a foi^tification placed before the gates of 
a town. 

Gutes they shotte and bwrbietntt 
Utey vMynttiiadhtom weU. 

Rom. of K. ALitAirimma. 

Within the bwMetm « porter sate, 

Day and night duly keeping watch and wavd. 

SFiN8BJt*s F. Ctvsfeir, 

Bardash (F. bardache), a boy kept for an unnatural^ 

I felt the hlows fetiU plied bo fast, 
As if th' had been by lovers plac'd« 
In raptures of Platonic lashing 

And chaste contemplatiTC AttrefMAu^r* 


Baroarbt, a song or ballad. 

** And at the lart Diere began anon . 

A lady for to sing right womanly 
A te»7f ftrelin praising of a datsey. 

Cuaucer's Flours. Avn l^M9*n 

Barley brake, a rural English game now |§ene<* 
rally disused, the excellence of which consisted in 
running well ; it is often noticed by the old dramas 
tists. Mr, GifTord in his edition of Mo^^nger^ and 

. Dr* Jamiema m hm JHcU^martf, give the different 
modes of planting the same game ia Eo^aid and 

Tosh! Appollo is toning^ his pipes; or at dorlegr ftroAe vrith Daphne. 

O. P. Midas. 
Nay, indeed you shall not goj we'll run at barley brAke first. 

O. P. Tbv Iio|uuT Wxywi* 

Barm (S,beorm), the workings of ale or beer^ npw 
generally called yeast. 

And sometimes make the drink to bear no barm. 

MiDS. KlORT*S Drsam. 

Barme (Si barm), the Tap: that part of fenmle 
dolhiBg whieh is spread over the knees. 

Men her setts on a palfray. 
An yn bir barme before her laye 
Her yonge sonys. 

Rom. qp Oct. Impbrator. 

Barme cloth, a sort of apron, worn by women, 
covering the loins. 

And witSi tiiat word this fKocon gan to cry, 
And swouned ofte in Canace's barme, 

Chavcsr*s SgviR£*s Talc 

A seint she wered all of silk, 

A barme cloth eke as white as morWe milk. 


Barnacles, a lovr and ludicroos name for spec- 
taclesi also, a name given to the Solan geese 
wbM^ are found in the Orkneys and other Scottisli 
island^. They were fabulously supposed to grow 
CMS tre«f . 

They be gay barnacfes, yet I see never the better. 
'■ O. P. Damon AMV YfTHiAs. 

Aa bamaclea tura Solan geese 

In the island of the Orcades. 


Barriers (F.,Wrefi), a warlike sport with short 


«words; the combatants fought witbtn bars of 
mils, to separate them from the spectators. 

Nobld yocrthf 

I pity thy sad fate— now to the barriert, 


Base. See "Bace." 

Ba«e court (F. hcLS cour), a lower or back coort 
of the hoasehold. 

My lord, in tli« hau couii be dotti sttnud 

iy> speak wttti yim. 

K, Richard it« 

Bases, a kind of loose mantle, tied round the. loins 
and hanging down to or over the knees; in the 
days of chivalry , it was usually worn by knights 
when on horseback: both Shakspeare and Butler 
use the word to signify a covering for the thighs 

The wicked Steele seized deep in his right side, 
And with the streaming blood his iases dyed. 

Fairfax's Tasso. 
Only, my friend, I yet am unprovided of a pair of base; 


Basilisk (It. bcMisco), a species of long cannon. 

Of palisadoes, frontiers, parapets. 
Of bfuilisks, of cannon, culverin. 

1 PARt K. Hrn» it. 

Basin (F. basin), a vessel used to w%sh hands and 
other purposes ; they were formerly made of metal, 
particularly those used by barbers: from tbeir 
sonorous properties, they were beaten before the 
cart in which bawds were heretofore placed for 
punishment, for the purpose of attracting the at* 
teation of the mob towards the culprit. 


intiiBoiDrBMsoiiiidoftaiiifi, fd^ tatdftai 
Itkej tSurai^t to dziYvhim heaoe. 


I«illieie te 110 bawd eartod CiMit r«w to onqOor a 5aci» or his; 

O. P. Tu Si&kNT WOMAir. 

Basket (Br. 6a«^e<l). The art of basket makipg 
was known and practised by the ancient Britons^ 
' who excelled all other nations in the ctxcelleoce 
of their manafacture ; they were so much esteemed 
as to be in great request with the Romans^ who 
imported them in large quantities. The old saying, 
'' the good old trade of basket making/' alludes 
to this primitive employment of the Britons. 

A basket I, by painted Britons wroufirht. 
And now to Rome's imperial city broogrht. 

Martial's Spio. 

Basnet (O. F. bacinet), a light helmet^ worn ori* 
ginally by Frenchmen at arms^ and made in the 
form of a basin, from which its name is derived. 
In the metrical Romance of Richard Cmur de Lion 
it is called by that name. 

Som be byt on the baeyn. 
And that of him she mote assored stand. 

He sent to hn* his bagtnet, 

SPB?rsxa*8 F. Qubbk. 
It was a heavy syght to see, 

t Bryght swords on batnete* lie^t. 

O. B. or Cbbtt Cback, 

Bastard (F. bastarde), a wine, also called musca- 
del. Its first name is derived from its partaking 
both of a sweet and astringent quality, and itd 
second from having somewhat of the flavour of 

Bell. Roger, what wine sent they for ? 

Roc. JBwIcrrf wine. , 

O. P. T«« HoiwsT WHOMi 

86 . „ A QJt098ABUi; 4tNO . . 

S0Qfej^9i|««rUii^4i*tf intlM Hitf Moo*. 

1 Parv. K. Hsjr. IT. 

Baste (F. baater), to stitcU oi: sew on slightly. 

AfMi on her leg» she painted buskins wore, 
I . Bmt^.ynflx b^ds of gold. 

8p»r8Ka*s F. Qcxnr. 

BA6Th/i]i>(^.'AiMfille), a general term for a military 
'J ^»rtreM; custle of defence, or place of confinement 

Tbas ftHnne fhret I19 ehildren to empoaiid» 

Whic^ on her whe<^ their battilM bravely bidld. 

MiBK. FOR Mao. 
— Near which there stands 

A battitUF, built to imprison hands. 


Bate (S. haie), strife, contention, debate. 

I thought to rule, but to obey to none, 
And tlierefore fell I with my king at bate, 

Miaa. wokVLaq* 

nils sour informer, this bate breeding spy. 


Batful^ fruitful^ abandant, fertile. 

Amongst tiie batf^l meads on Severn's either side. 

Drayton's Poltolbioit. 

BaTlet, (F. hatire), a wooden mall or instrument 
with which laundresses beat their linen in the pro- 
cess of washing. 

I remember the kissing of her batlet. 

As You LiKR It. 

Batten, to fatten, to get flesh, to fertilize. 

Coi:|;Ld yon on this fair mountain leave to feed, 
- '^ AndJolfettonthlsmoor^ 


•;- . ■ — ^— We drove afield, 

Batfemng our flocks witjh the fresh dews of night. 

Milton's Ltcidas. 

Hkv^Vft (h:havheJjkti or V.hMole), sometimes by 
the old writers spelt habU, a truncheon or aliort 
stick MF^th . a .grotesque head carved at the top, 

carried by and one of tlie insig'Dia of the ancient 
domestic fool. ' 

' Hie Hiiges ftwle 
BsA by the fire, upon a stoole, 

Gcvsh's Con. Am. 

Y&n tatcy t>\ay 'witb him &s safely as wit^ his bauble. 

O. P. Tan 'CsAirasLiNa. 

BAVi>8, fine clothes, bravery; from baudkin, a rich 
kind »f stuff, of which apparel was formerly made. 

This false thi^ this sompftoar, quod HbKinte, 
Had tfways bandit ready to Ms hcnide. 

Chavcbr's Wirx ov Bat|i, 

Baussd (F. baiser), to kiss. 

Nat» mark, list ! Delight my spaniel slept whilst I bau«*d leaves. 

O. p. What You Will. 

Bavins, bundles of small twigs or l^rttBiiwood, used 
for lighting* fires> a word of uncertain etymology, 
still in use in various parts of lEhglanol. 

TlMte ia ilo M, oudM II Bttte tatee tirtl^ «'l<lDt«, i 
}' . . Florio's Skcond FauTBi* 

,^k(9lM wiH have^hieir flashes and yoitth th%ir Auetes. 

O. P< Iljomn. Bd^sls. 
Wit)i shallot Jesters and rash bavin wits, 
'Sdoii kindled Mftd doom: biurnHL ' '. * ' * 

1 Part K. Hb». xt. 

BaWCOck (P. beau acq), itk low language^ meant a 
jolly fellow, a cock 6f the ghme, a lad of ineitle. 

Whyi how ^tiw, toy bcoffcock? hotr dotet thoti ? ' 

Bawdekin (F. bavdequin), tissue of gold; . some- 
times a canopy, probably from its bei^g orju^m^nted 
with tissue. The word is suppoised U> be derived 
from Baldach^ the ancient name for iBagdad ; 
gorgeous apparel imd furniture were isaid,: in th'4 
old romances, to be imported from tM6 Ba^l. * - 



Of gold hontdekpu he gaTQ thic. 

Of btmdekjfn and purple pall* 

Of gold and silTer and sendttl. 

Rom. eF Hiklix^ 

Bawdrick (O. F. baudrier), a belt of leather or 
other material, used as a belt or girdle for a swonL 

His baudrick how adom*d with stones of wottd*roii8 price. 


A home he bare, the bauAricke was of grene. 

CKAPcaR*s 8Q0ian*s TaoiiAV*s Tau^ 
Athwart his hrawny shoulders came 
A bmUdriek, made and trimmed with the fame. 

Vtaoit. Teat. 

Bawdrons or Bathrons^ a general name ghren to 
a cat. 

fiatkront for grief of ecoarched memben 

SoCh lUl a fiMsioir* 

CoLTix4.*s Mock Poik* 

Anld bmuAwu by the ingle sits. 

And wi* her loof her face is washin. 

Bawn (G. bauen)f any edifice, whether for residence 
as a common habitation or a fortification; but in 
' Ireland, a baun is said to be a place near the house, 
enclosed with walls, to keep the cattle in daring 
the night, to prevent their being stolen : and Spen* 
ser, in his St€Ue of Ireland, is of opinion that these 
Enclosures (which he states to be squares, strongly 
trenched) were anciently the place of meeting or 
folkmote for the people to discuss the affairs of the 
township, &c. 

: This Hamilton's bawn, whilst it sticks on my hanc^ 

I lose by the house what I gain by the land. 

. DsAK Swift's Grand Qukstion Pxiatkp^ 

Bawsen, a badger; the word is sometimea used ta 

Kt7ft6t(>4MMt m^tidKART. 89 

'. ' H^iiitthy%weiof4cieMii'ttkiiibek' 

O. p. Lingua. 

^AY (Cr. iott), a term in architecture, d^noiing' the 
size o^ a building/ ansWering to wbai lis' generally 
called floors or stories. 

If tliis law hold in Wieimi ten yeais, m rent the fidHst Hdv^ 
in it after tiuree pence a 6if i : ■* 

.<.... MpMivui ro% MsAauRs. 

Bay window (8. tM^Afi% h wipfioi?*^ made in a re- 
cess or bay, having rectangular cortiers, vulgarly 
but improperly, called a bow window^ which lat- 
ter word more aptly designates the circular form 
of the window called a compassed WiAdoW. 

Tls a sweet recreation for a gentlewoipan 
Td tftaiid in k 2^1^ window and se^ gAOidits. 


• Tba cbambcra juad paitoms of a eorte, 
Witb ^ windows goodly as may be thooghte. 

CBAucaa's Asssmblib or Ladibs* 

Bb, to e^sl or have existence. This verb is used by 
old tMt^n) to give particular emphasis to a simple 
tem; M/ bright, bedaub^ bedeck, i(6l' and^Ojcea^ 
sionally asa prefix to denote derision or contempt; 
as, besotted^ bedevil^ bedaggle^ &c. It is also 

- used fbr the preposition hp and the participle been* 

For this trowe I, and say for me» . 
That dreamcs significaunce be. 

Chaucbr's Rom. or thb Bon* 

Awake ! arise ! or be for erer fallen. 

I'ar. Lost. 

Hie lames have been, that when the brains were out the man 

would die. 


Beak in ths oakb. The ancient custom of choos- 


90 A GI.068AEIAI« AHO 

ingking and queen on Twelfth-day, was to make 
a cake, in the ingredients of which a bean and a 
pea were introduced; the former to designate the 
king and the latter the queen. The persons finding 
these in their portions of this cake, were declared 
kjjig and queen for the n^ht. 

Now, now ttie mirtli oomM* 
With the eakefidl of phuns, 

Wheve 6Mm*« tbe kinip of fhe ifort here; 
tiesidet we mtut know 
Thp pea wHao 

Must rerel as qiieen in ttie court here. 

BxRRicK'B HasnmtBps, 

Ton nsy inwflne it to be TweUtk-day at night, and the Amh 
Coimd in the oorner of your cake. 


Bear a brain, to have or exert memory or recol* 

Nay, hnt, Joan, hare a care ! bear u itatn for an at once. 

O. P. Oaix, ran Cotunt or CaoTsoir, 

^dl, sir, let me alone j I'll bear a bnUn, 

O. P. Au. F0OI.C. 

Nay, I do bear a bnU», 


Bbard. To beard a person, was to oppose hin lace 
to face. 

Securely fight, thy purse is sanctnary'd. 

And in this place shall beard the proudest thiefe. 


These barons thus do bedrd me in my land. 

IdABLOw's K. £dw. iz. 

Bear in hand, a common expression, signifying 
to keep in expectation or delay by delusive pro- 

Yet will I bear wme dozen more in hand. 

And mak» them nUiay gulls. 

O. T* JLuf AiiUnr.. ' 


fmk bearing them in ktmd. 

Letting the cheny knock against tibeir ttps, 
' And itamw it by tlieir mouths. 


Bs^ST (F. bSte), an old gfame on the cards, not un« 
like the modern game of loo. 

For these at beatt and Pombre woo, 
And play for lore and money too. 


Beathed (S. beihian), heated and perhaps har* 
dened by fire; meat improperly roasted is still 
said in the Midland Counties to be beathed. 

A tall yoong oak he bore, 

IVhose knotted snags were sharpened all afore. 
And ftMM'tf in lira for steel to be in sled. 

SpKNsaa's F. Qubbn. 

Beauperes (F.), comrades, equals, companions. 

Kow, leading him into a secret shade, 
Frpm his bmufwret and from bright heaven's Tiew. 


Becco (It), a cuckold. 

DQke» tlum art a beocot a eonmto. 

O. P. Thb MALCoNTBirr. 

BsDE (S, bids), to offer, invite, solicit, or pray. 

At your commandment, shr, trnly, 
(Qood tbe chanon) and us, Godforbidej 
Lo 1 how tliis thefe his service btde. 

Chavgbb's Chanons, YbOxan's Talb, 

Bedpheer (S.), a bed-fellow. 

Her tlutt I mean to choose for my bedpheer, 

B. JONSON*S £ri€Bi». 

Bedwarb (S.), the time for ecoing to bed. 

While your poor fool and down for fesor of pezil* 
iSweats honily Ibr a dry bnywn erost tb ftsAoortf . 


And tapers biim*d to btiiooTi* 


Beeld (S. bthUdan}^ shelter, protection, refuge. 

92 M atAi^SAttAh A^t 


Bees in th^ head. This expression indicates 
wtiimsies in the hrain, or being busy about trifling' 
or unimportant matters. There ^is a proverb in 
Leicestershire of a similar import, " as busy as 
bees in a basin.^' 

. ♦ 

Wliobo haJ^ such bees as jdm master m Mb head, 
HMte^dtota aave his siibriteB tdtti mosilte tiybe M. t 

O. P. RAI.PII RoTSTia PoTsma. 

Beetle, tooverhangor jut out; thus a beetle brow 
is a frown. 

What, Is ^e beetU ltfo(w*dr ' 

O. p. Midas. 

, The dreadful summit of. the elif^ , . 

lliat 6ee<(e« o*er its base. 


Befet (V, buffo) j a blow ; to buffet is the modem 
word ; to beat. 

Arte tih6ti Hidtard, ' that strangre nan, 
As men «tyn In every londe, 
Wilt tlioa stand a 6e/e^ of my honde f 
' * Rom. of ^ic^ard Csvit nx Lion. 

Beforne (S.befQren), before. 

The horsemen past, their void left ststfons fill. 
The band's on foot, and Raimond them beforne, 

Fairfax's Tasso. 

Begged for a fool. This proverbial expression 
is derived from the common law; the profits of 
the land and the custody of a p^rsod proVM to be 
pumaidiata were granted by the king to some 
subject wb^ had influence enough to obtain them. 

Meta« It Hi iny grief to have snch a son to inherit my lands. 

' 0\ F. fioTumk BoiiSxB. 


If I fret not his guts, beg mefor u/ool. 

O. P. Tmb Honxst Whorb. 

Behest {S.hehese), a command or injunctioD. 

I have leam'd me to repent the sin 
Of disobedient op|>08itioii 
To you and your behests, 


That his behests they fear'd as tyrants' law. 

Spknsbr*8 F. Qvtxir. 

BsBiGHT (S. hehetan), to call, name, or promise. 

Whereof the keys are to thy hand behighL 


Did'st thou hehight mo, bom of English blood. 


Chaucer uses it in the sense of to inform or asaure. 

In right ill imy 

Bhe was, with storm and heat, I you bsMgki, 

Cbavcib's Floobb and LiAya. 

Bejape (F. gaher)^ to mock, deceive^ or deride. 

I shall btifaped ben a thousand timet 
More than that foole« 

Cbavcbb*s Troi and Cbbss. 

Thou hast heaped here Duke Theseus, 
And fidsely changed hast thy name- 

Cbavcxr's Xniobt's Taui« 

BsL-AOCOYL (F.); a friendly reception. 

And her salewedwith seemly bel-acee^l. 
Joyous to see her safe after long toil. 

Spbnsbb's F. Qc«Bi(t 

Belamour (F. hd amowr), a lover pr mistress. 

But as he nearer drew, heeasUy 

Miglit soerne that itwas not his sweetest sweet, 

Ne yet his AefasMwr, the partner of his sheet, 


Bblamt (F. 6el amta), a fair friend, a parameup. 

Ftmr'd ofut his life and last pihilosophy 

To the ftire Critias, his dearest beUanp. . 


BsLATEP, late, tardy. Milton i^s it to rfgnify 


' Faliydret* 

Whose inl4]2ig:ht revels by a forest aide 
Or fountain some belated peasant 

Belayed^ laid over or adoraed. 

All in a woodman's Jacket he was d»d« 

Of Lincolne greeue, belayed with sllTer lace. 

Beld (S.), help, protection. 

The abbesse her gan teche and beld. 

Lat lx FiiBiVt. 

Beldame (F.). This word was not formerly a word 
of contempt, but signified old age, generally a 
grandam, as beUire denoted a graruUire. Spen- 
ser, however, u$e% it according to its original 
French vfgniiScation. 

The beldam and t^e girl, the gvandiire'aad tto ^i 

DbattoiI's Wltolbi^. 
Vivien betdiMe nature hi her cradle irto . 


Beldame, your words do work me little ease. 

SPSNsaa's F. Qusxy« 

BEt^ARbife (F. helle egard), beautiful looks^ soft 

Under the sSiadow of her even brcywee. 

Working belgarda and amorons t€tMie. 


Bell, t/ooir,AT^ candle, a ceiretooAy ttsed in tJfe> 
Romish Church in the excominunicaUoii of a per- 
son: i\it&e candleis are s(iccessive1y^!ttinguished 
iiPitbepierformance o( the rite.. >vArefai^i^h^/l^il^ 
Chelsea, Anno 1298, directs a sentence of excom- 
monicaiion to be carried into efiiect with beUs 
9i^r$g(Md ea^dlei lighted, to'c9M^ U^igtMUk 
dread. '• ^ - 

I hare a pri^ will miunblo vi^^ manvdre 

VfiOiovt beU, jHifik, w c m4 le , 
. . O. P. Ram Allst. 

Seilt bQok, ai^d candle shall not drive me bacl^ 

Kiira JoBW. ' ' 

Bmthf TO 8-BAR THE, to oarry off ihe prize; to. be 
first in estUnaJLioD. Dr. Johnson says that the pthrase 
arose from the wether that carries the bell before a 
flock of sboep^ and this opinion is verified by the 

My prick ear'4 ewet since thoudort beare the bell. 
And all tby imatiM do follow at thy call. 

Ricaa's AovxNTuaxs of Simonidxs. 

Belle tiHERS (F.), good entertainment. 

To don therewith min honour and my prow 
For cosinage and eke for belle ckere, 

Chavcrr's Shxpman*s Talx. 

Bels¥K£ (F.), a grandfather. 

He^ bought the, barne the ^/f2fre« gryltes. 

P. Plowman's Vis. 
Who this land in saidi state maintain'd 

As his great bet^rs Brate from Albion's heirs it won. 

Drayton's Poi.roLBioy. 

BiSfiisiiTS (S. befMetnan), lamented, bemoaned. 

Srer she made moaning ch^e, 
And bemente Florice her lieve sire. 

Florick and Blanchplocre. 

Benche (S. bcence), a bench. This piece of furni- 

ttire wais in use long before the introduction of 

chairs^ even in the palaces of kings ; and the first 

judicial court in England, ** the King's Bench," 

derives its name from the bench upon which, ia^- 

itnpieDt tiiQes« the kings sat in person and deli* 

• yacfid theit judgments; hence it was always re- 

. nii^y^ed.with t^he king's household. Any ^l€{yated 

.seat was also usually denominated a bench. 


An halle iot Uk hygli Vyngc, an houtehold to hoUen, 
WiUi brode bordes abouten ybenehed, 

P. Plowhan^s Cbi»s. 

Bende (S. band}, the stringy, thread, or line with 
wluch any thing is tied, fastened, or united t»» 
gether ; now called a band and bandage. 

With a ^«iM{e of gold tassiled. 
And knoppes of g^old amiled. 


Bendel (F. bandeau), a stripe or band. 

Of red saidel were her banneres. 
With three gnrffons, depaynted veil 
Andofasure, afaire^emfe^ 

Rom. op Rich. Cocur. um |«!oir* 

Benempt (S. be and nempne), named or called. 

Much greater gifts for guerdon thou shalt gain 

Than kid or cosset, which I thee benempt, 


Bent (Ger. binte), a species of long coarse grass, 

Bomen bickarte upon tlie bent. 
With their brode aras cleare. 

O. B. OP CecYir Chacx. 

Berfreyes (O. F. befroi), wooden towers used by 
besiegers in attacking a fortified castle. 

Alisaundre and his folkes alle 
Paste asailed heore walles, 
Myd ber/reyeH with all gyn. 

Rom. of K. Ausaondbx. 

Bergomask (It.), a dance in imitation of the pea- 
sants of BergomascOy in Italy. 

Will it please you to see the epilogue, or to hear a bergomask dance ? 

MiDS. NlOBT*8 Drxam. 

Besant^ agold coin frequently mentioned by Gower^ 
Chaucer, and other early English poets^ so called 
from' being first coined at Byzantium^ the modern 
Constantinople. Joinville estimates its valtie at 

about ten sols, but other writers differ from his 
op\mm, and rate its valoe at twenty sols. 

fib- flfsf the bjBhop to gode haiu, 
Rlche beyBrhes, buantt, and pans. 
« Rom. or K. ALiSAVXiMit* 

11ioii|||li ho be cStsphnm or nerchitti^ 
And of gold tnany besaunts, 

Chauckr*8 Rom. or thi Ross. 

BEaRTTE (S. besittan), to besiege, entangle^ ea* 
close, waylay, embarrass, or perplex. 

Alas! (quoth Absalon) andwdawal 
niat true love was ever BO evil 6e9e<^t. 

Chaucik's MiLiaa's Talx. 

Bat they him qtying* both with greedy foree 
At once i^wd' him ran, and him beset 
With strokes of mortal steel. 

Spbnsia's F. QvxBir. 

Besbrew (Teut. be^ehreyen)^ to wish a curse to, 
to rail at or use imprecations; it is generally used 
in a jesting or playsome manner. 

Bethrew me but yoa have a quick Wit. 

Two Gbnts. or Viaov^A. 

Nay, quoth the cock; but I beshrew us both 

If 1 believe a saint upon his oath. 

Drtdbn*8 Fablbs. 

Besore (S. syrtoan)^ to make sore, vex, annoy, or 

But in that hoase eternal peace doth play, 
Acquieting the souls Hat new betore 
Their way to heaven. 

GiLBS Flitchxb*s Christ's Trivihv*^ 

Besprent (S. besprengart) , sprinkled. 

And ilrst within the porch and jawes of hell 

Sate deep remorse of conscience, all bef/nreTU 

With tears. 

MiBB. roft Mao* 

98 ▲ GUI88ARiAI» AND 

T1>e armes tlie which that Ca|iid beare 
Were piorced haits with teares ietprent. 

Cur id's Assault, bt IiObi» Vaux. 

Bested (from S. be and sted), to be in the place or 
stead of; it is used in the sense of accommodation^ 
whether good or ill, and by Milton implying to 
confer or bestow. 

Hence vain deluding joys. 

The brood of folly, without fidher bred ! 

How little you bested. 

Il PKNsaaoso. 

Bestraught, a corruption of distraught; mad^ oat 
of one's senses. 

O goddesse sonne, in such case canst thou sleepe, 
Ne yet betiraught the danger doest foresee ? 


Bettrawghted heads relief hath found 
By music's pleasaunte sweete delights. 

pARADisR OP Dainty Dbvicrs. 

Bestud (S. studer), to ornament with knobs or 
protuberances, as to emboss or fix gems into a 
crown,. &c. 

And when the glorious sun goes down 

Would she put on her star bestudded crown. 

And so bestud the stars that they below 

Would grow inured to light. 

Milton's Comus. 

Beswyke (S. bestaican), to allure or entice. 

Save the Duke of Ostryke, 

King Richard he thoughte to beswike. 

Rom. or Rich. Cceur db Liov* 
In women's voice they singe. 
With notes of so greate likynge, 
Of such measure, of such mnsicke. 

Whereof the shippes they beswyke. 

Gowbr's Con. Am. 

Betecits (S. betwcan), to deliver or commit to. 

He that taught thee to preach. 
To the devil of hell I him beteche. 

^AmU-Aks Ami^ion. 



Then to bis handes tiutt wiitt he did beieke. 

Which he disdosing read* 

Spenser'? F. Qitesn. 

Betebm (S.temian), to procreate; to bestow or 

Bdikc for want of rain ; which I could well 
JBtf^cem tiiiem from the tempest of mine eyes* 

MiDS. NioBT*s Dream. 
So wonld I, said the enchanter, glad and fain 
Beteem to yoa his swordj you to defend. 

8psxsbr*s F. Queen. 

Bethral (S. thral), to enthral, conquer, or en- 

Ne let that wicked woman scape ftway» 
For she it is that did my lord 6e<Afaf. 

BsTRASSED (S. betrogan), deceived or betrayed. 

And he thereof was all abashed, 
His own shadow liim betratied* 

Cuavcbr's Rom. ov thi Rose* 

Betso, a Venetian coin of the smallest valae, not 
equal to a farthing English. 

At a word, thirty liyresj I'U not hate you a betto, 

O. P. The Antiquart. : 

Beyer (It. ievere), a repast between dinner and 
supper. Barret, in his Alvearie, describes it as a 
drinking, and the derivation countenances the 
supposition. The use of tea has superseded this 

Your gallants never sup, breaHast, or bever without me. 

O. P. LiNCWA. 

Ar. What, at your bever^ gallants ! 
Mor. Will't please your ladyship to drink } 

B. Jonson's Cynthia's Rbvei^s. 

TBevy (It. beva), a term generally applied to birds 
going in company ; also, a company or assembly,, 
. ud exclusively applied to the female sex. 


And in th«. midst thereof, upon tiie floor, 
A lovely bevp of ftdr ladies sat. 

Spbnsir's p. Qvwtt^ 

; — None here, he hopes. 

In all this noble bevpy has brought with her 

One care abroad. 

K. Hbn, Tin. 

Bew^ep (S. bewepan), to we^p over or upon, to 
moisten with tears. 

■ ■ Old fond eyes, 

Beweep this cause again. 


Lo ! how my hurts afresh beweep this wanted wight. 

MiRR. FOR Mao* 

Bewray (S. hewregan\, to betray^ accuse^ or in- 
form, and sometimes simply to discover. 

Mine harte may not mine harmet hevotait, 

Cbaucbk's Knxoht*! Tali.. 
To Uiten more, but nothing to bewray, 

O. P. Thb Spanxsb Tbaoidt. 
Bat Blandamour whenat he did espye. 
His change of cheere that anguish did bewraie^ 

Spbnsbr's F. Qvmmr'^ 

Bbzonian (It. bisognoscoy, a mean low person^ 

Great men oft die by vile beaeoniant, 

2 Part K. Hbs. ti, 

Bezzle, to drink inordinately; to gnzzle or besot 
with liquor. Both Dr. Johnson and Todd have 
totally mistaken the meaning* of this word; it ia 
neither a corruption of imhecile, as suggested by 
the former, nor is it the parent of the modern word 
embezzle, to watte in riot^ The word is yet in use 
ia several counties in England to signify drinking 
to excess. 

Thst divine part is sok'd aw&y in sin. 
In sensoa} lust and midnight bezeling. 

llAKSTON^g 8coun«m or \ih%A»nK 



S*foot, I wonder how the inside of a taTem looks now. Oh * 

when shall I bexle, bexlel 

O. P. Tub Honbst Whori. 

Tis now become 

llie shoeing home of bezelen* discourse. 

Jack Drum's EvTBRTAiiriiSNT. 

Bib (L. bihere), to drink frequently^ to tipple. 

llie miller hath so wisely billed ale. 
That, like a horse, he snoiteQi in his slepe. 

Chaucxr's Millrr's Talk. 

Bible (L. hibliay Any great book was formerly so 
called, without reference to the subject; it is now 
only applied to the inspired writings. 

Men might make of him a bible 
Twenty fbote thick, as I trowe. 

Chaucxr's Hovsr of Fami. 

Of thys mater I myght make a long MUe. 

P. Plowmah's Vis. 

Bicker (S. becher), a bowl or dish to contain 
liqaor, usually now applied to a drinking' cup, and 
called a beaker. 

Thus we took in the high browin liqnor. 
And bang*d about the nectar biquer, 


BiERDLY^ fit, proper, becoming. 

Then out and spake, the bierdlp bride 
Was a' goud to the chin. 

Jamirson's Ballads. 

BiESTiNG (S. bysting), the thick milk given by the 
cow after calving^ called in some counties bee* 
sting and beestling. 

So may the first of all our fells be thine. 

And both the beestnings of our goats and kine. 

B. JONSON'8 Masqitrs. 

And tvrice besides her AtfslJR^t nerer foil 

To store the dairy with a brimming pail. 




162 A GtO^SAlKtAL AIW 

BiGGE^ to buy or purchase. 

'Qold no settW^ so y sigge. 

No migMe tiie stntai to w(Nrtbe tigge, 

B«lf . or 4C. ALISAVNDRSr 

Biggin (F. &egt«tn), a coif or linen cap worn by 
cbildten, so named because worn by a TiAi^ious 
order of women called Beguines, 

Y^iaOt 10 sound and half so deeply sweet 
As he whose brows with homely biggeu bound 
"Snores out the WMbh of night. 

S Pakt K. Hxw. nr. 


Biggin (S.iyggon), any building or structure. 

When he came to his bpggynge, 
He welcomed fair that ledye yoange. 

Emabb Ritson's E. M. R. 

<BiKED, fofrgpht, frotti the Br. bicre, to fight; hence 
the modern word bicker, angry dispute or quarrel. 

The thridde Gildas faste hiked, 

Ac Haroagk fhfe Ihfote be h^rn BMked. 

RoM. OF K. Alisaukdrk. 

BiLBO^ a Spanish word, so called from Bilboa, a city 
of Biscay, where the best sword blades were 

To be compassed, like a good bilbo in thetsircmnftoeiiee of a 

peck, hilt to point. 

Mb&rt Witbs ov WzNnsoa. 

Bilboes, stocks or shackles for the feet, used to 
punish sailors, so called from their being made at 
Bilboa; several of them are yet to be seen in the 
Tower of London, which were taken in the Spanish 

■' Methonght I lay, 

Wofnethaa Hk mnttnsB In Ae MAoev. 


Bill 1(S. bille)^ an ancient warlike weapon^ in the 



fifaape of a battle axe or halbert, used Glii«fly4by 
foot soldiers^ bat were also earned by slieriffs' 
tiffieere lahen attending exeeutions, and by watch.- 
nen. They were always rusty (except the edge^ 
wUcb was sharp and brigkt), and henee gBnerally 
called brown biUa. 

Both wiUi spear, bpU, and bnuofd. 
It was a might! sight to see. 

C B. 0^ CbIVt Chaci. 

Tea, distaff women manage msty biUs. 

K. HicH. II. 
Their wKb ate as nuty aff their 6i/2f. 


Bill (F. hiUe). A letter tvias sb M\ed, and^ if a 
tinofri ane, a billet, a term still in use. 

And when she of this bille liad taken heed, 

She rent it. 

CHAUcsa's MaacHANT's Talv* 

BiLLiE (Oer. billig}, a companion or comrade. 

nien out and spake the g^ude laird's Jock, 
Now feare ye nae my billie. 


BiRGHiN Lane, in the heart of the city of London, 
fiow the residence of wealthy bankers and mer- 
ebants, was formerly with the neighbouring street 
of Cornhill chiefly inhabited by dealers in old 
dothes and second-hand finery. Lydgate aUudes 
to this fact in bis London Lyckpennie. 

nien bito ComkiU anon I yode. 
Where was much stolen geere amonge. 

London Ltckpsnnix. 

But it had not lieeii attisa If -#e ted gone to BUrchen Lane 
first to have suited tis$ and yet it is a credit for a man of the 

swOrd tp gp thicsd^are. 

O. t. tM HvTA^ kfiriB mM Lmt [toMxer. 


Bird bolt, a blunt arrow having a flat sur&ce, 
8h6t from a cross-bow and used to kill birds. 

Mf niide's fool, reading the challenge, sobicribed for Cfl^id, 

and challenged him at the bird bolt. 

Much ado abovt Notvino. 

BisooNO (it.), a term of contempt, applied to per- 
sons in want or of the lowest rank in society. See 
" Bezonian.'' 

Iknowyenotl whatareye? hence, jehuebeBOgnioaf 

Bkaumovt and Flbtchkh's Lovb's Cunm* 

O tiie gods! 8pam*d out by grooms, like a base biwgnof 

O. P. Thk Widow's Tba»s. 

B188ON (S. bi8en)y blind. 

Ron barefoot up and down, threat'ning the flames 
with Mwon fheom. 


What harm can your binon oonspectuities glean out of this 


Biting the thumb was a mark of contempt shewn 
to a person, to brook which was considered a want 
of courag^e. 

— Dags and pistt^ ! 
To bite his thumb at me. 

O. P. The Musis' Looking Glass. 

What shouldering, whatjustling, what Jeering, what^Mf^ 
o/tkumbt to beget quarrels ! 

Dbckbr*s Dkad Tsrm. 

Do you bite your thumb at us i 


Biting wax. The old formula of sealing writings 
was by biting the wax appended to the instrument 
with the wang, i.e, the cheek tooth. 

And to witness that this thing is sooth, 
I Me the red Uj^e with my tooth. 

O. P. Tbb Ordinary. 

An ancient grant of William the Conquefor to an 


ancestor of the Rawdon family, said to be still in 
existence, g'ives the formula and attestation at 

And in witness fhat this thin^ is sooth, 
I bit the wax with my wang tooth 
Before Meg, Maud, and Margery, 
And my third Sonne, Henry. 

6i(.ACK CLOAK. It was the custom, in the time of 
Shakspeare, for the person who spoke the pro* 
logue to a play to be dressed in a long black cloak, 
and though the cloak is now dispensed with, the 
practice of delivering the prologue in a suit of 
black is yet in existence. 

Do yon not know that I am the prologne } Do yoa not see 
' ttit loof Mac* o«lo0l 0oa< upon my back ? 

Fro. to tbs Poua AifUNTXCM of Loxsoir. 

BLACfC^FRiARS. This precinct was at one time the 
residence of feather makers, congregated tbere^ 
It is presumed, from its vicinity to the theatres ; 
and though the place is said to have been chiefly 
inhabited by Puritans, they did not, if Ben Jonson 
is to be believed, scruple to deal in those *^ waiters 
upon vanity." 

A whoreson upstart, apochryphal captain, 

yniom not a Puritan in Black-friars will trost 

8d mnch as for 9./eaih9r, 


Tliisplay hatli beaten aU yonng gallants oat of the fetitken. 
J^k'/Hian haith almost spoiled Blaek-friart fos feather: 

O. P. Tbb Malcontbkt. 

Black Monday. This day, on the authority of 
Stow, was so called from a remarkable cold and 
dark day, which occurred the 14th of Aprils 34 


Edw. III. whilst that monarch lay with his army 
before Paris; the cold was so intense, that many 
men died on their horses' backs. 

It was not fnr nothing; tbat my nose fell a bleeding on Blatk 
IfoMfaty last. 


Black ox. The proverbial expression, " the black 
ox has trod on your foot/' has no reference to the 
explanation given of it by Archdeacon Nares ; it 
is derived from an historical fact, and signifies that 
a misfortune has happened to the party to which it 
is applied. The saying is deduced from the Ancient 
Britons, who had a custom of ploughing their 
land in partnership, and if either of the oxen died 
or became disabled during the operation, the owner 
of the land was compelled to find another animal, 
or give an acre of land to the aggrieved partner, 
which acre was usually styled erw yr ueh ddu, 
** the acre of the black ox,'' and many single acres 
in Wales now bear this title, and hence the pro« 
verb arose. 

She was a pretie wench, when Juno was a young wife ; now 
Crowes ibote is on her eye, and the black oxe hath trod on her foot. 

O. P. Sappho and Phao. 

Black sanctus, a ludicrous hymn to Saunte Satan, 
in ridicule of the luxury of the monks; it is re- 
peatedly alluded to by the old dramasists, and is 
published in the NugCB Antique, and in Sir John 
Jlarrington's Metamorphosis of Ajax. 

Q*yQa think my heart is softened with a Blnck Sanetitf 

0< P. Thb Wild Goosb Cbacx. 


I will make him sing the J3/acA: jSancftM; I hold you « groat. 

Old Morality of All por Monit. 

' By VenuB, If yvn. fall to your Black Sanehu again, 111 discover jroa. 

O. P. The Widow's Tbars. 

BiiANCHE, 3ee "^Blench/' 

Blanchemebr (from blanche and nair"), the min- 
gled colours of white and black. 

He wore a snrcoat that was green. 
With blanchemeer it was furred, I ween. 

Sib Dkoorb. 

Blank (F. blanc), in archery, the white mark placed 
in the butt or mark to shoot at. 

See better, Lear, and let me still remain 
The true blank of thine eye. 

K. LxAS. 
Out of the blank and level of my aim. 

Winter's Tale. 

Blatant (F. (laC^anf), bellowing; the noise made 
by a bull or calf. 

But now I come unto my course again. 
To his atchievement of tiie blatant beast. 

Spbxsbr's F. Qubsk. 

You learned this language from the blatant beast. 


Bleak (S. blae), pale^ from hence the word bleach, 
to whiten. 

Some one, for she is pale and bleche, 

Gowxr's Cok. Ax. 

Blear (Ger. blaer), a tumour of the eye, which 
imi>edes the sights but metaphorically used to sig- 
nify obscurity of vision. 

For wel could I him quite 

With bUaruig of a proud milleres eye. 

Chauckr's Miller's Tale. 

■ Thus I hurl 

My dazzling spells into the spungy air. 

With power to cheat the eye with blear illusion. 

Mutton's Conus. 


Bles (S. bleo)y coloar^ complexion. 

To see fair BettriM how briffht she Is of Aleff. 

O. P. Gbobob a ORBsme. 

Blench (F. blanche), to tarn pale with fear or 

■ ■ ril observe Ms looks, 

1*11 tent him to the quick; if he but ilenehf 

I know my course. 

Yea, there, where every desolation dwells, 

By grots and caverns, shagr'd with horrid shades. 

She may pass on witti unAlenehed Bialesty. 

Milton's Comos. 

1 have ventured to differ from Dr. Johnson and 
Archdeacon Nares as to one of the definitions of 
this word with reference to the above quoted an- 
thorities ; they say it means to fiinek, shrink, or 
start back, but I apprehend that blench is from the 
French verb blanche, to whiten^ and metaphori- 
cally, to turn pale. Hamlet had no idea that his 
uncle would start offer flinch at the representation 
of a fiction ; he would have avoided such an appa^ 
rent indication of g-uilt, but he could not prevent 
the uncontroulable operation of his fear, by turning* 
pale when touched by the resemblance to his own 
crime ; and this is corroborated by the precedil3g 
observation of the son, '* I'll observe his looks,; if 

he but blench, i. e, turn pale, I shall consider it an 
unequivocal sign of his guilt. Shakspeare used the 

same word, in the same signification, in Macbeth. 

And keep the natural ruby of your cheeks 

When mine is blaneh'd with fear. 



< 'Neiiber do I conceive that Milton's unblttiehed 

< majesty .18 used/ as Archdeacon Nkires fisyf ^ * for 
" not confounded/' Unblenched is^thoat fear, 
or the usoal indications of that passion. 

Blent (S. blendari), to mingle confusedly; and 
used Ijy Spenrser in the sense bf *' to blind," tlife 
deprivation of sigpht beitig occasioned by the blehd- 
itag or confusion of the visual virus. 

*Tis heaxAy tnxLj blent, 


'Whlcli'whcn he saw, he burnt with jealous fire, 

I :. • I'. THe7e<tfTeaso]iwas^«ith'ntg6y6l0n/. : . I 


Stiitl'j^term of contempt of no definite meaning, 
* * iwli eqirivalent to "a tig fbt you!*' or " psha!*^ 

ShaU I ? then blurt o'yoor service ^ ' 

O. P. Thk Honxst Wborv. 

/ Blirt on her aye meesi guard her safely. 

. . , O. P. Antonio ani> Mblliba. 

!B/ij^ to you both 1 it was laid in the tim. 

O. P. Midas. 

Blive or Belivk (S. bilive), speedily, quickly, im- 
inediately> by and bye. . ,j 

Fast Robin he hied him to Little John, 

6e thought to loose him bHte, . ' ' 

Robin Hood and Guy or Gisbornc. 
' ' By that same way 13ie direful dames to drlte, 
J Their mournful (dianriot fiU*d with rusty blood. 

And down to Plato's house are come bilive. 

SpaxaBs*8 F. Qobbn. 

SeHve Qie elder bairns came dumping in. 

' " BVSNS. 

.Elonkbt> a vi^ord of uncertain etymology, but sig- 
nifying a sky blue or grey colour. • 

Our ikmket liveries been all to si^ 

For thilke same season, when all is yclad 

lUTith plettaunce. 



< ; » 

BiiOW FQiNT, ajg^ame played by children iiiifhe ICib 
. ceatwry^ by blo^rii^ an anrow tbDougb a tube at 
•^riftiii niHBbeffs, by way of lottery, 

I hare IimtA of a, noUemsa that kit baeAdnuk wMh atteko^ 

and of a magnifico that has play*d at blow point. 

O. P. Th» ANTtgiv«Br. 

Blowse, « ruddy fat faced wench, conv^kig' tbe 
., idea of coarseness and vulgarky. 

• > 

I had rather marry ikfair one, andfot it to the hawd» thaa- 
be troubled witii a blewte. 


Such as the Sahines, or a ran burnt bUnoxe, 

B. Joiraov't HonAcs. 

Blue coats. Tfae livery of jBakdonefttic servants 
. . wai formerly a blue coat, anc^i froni iBnamerabie 

pa$si^0a in old authors^ it «tppears that tbe oiis|om 

Mas univepsal. 

• Hie •dther act thehr parts Sn blew coaiea, as tixey were serringr men. 

DasKAR'a Bml-mait's Niobt Waless. 
Bnt tHaif, here is a«erape.trencher arrived : how now, blue bottle, 
are you of the house i 

O.P. ThB MiSBKiaS OF ENFORCSn Mamriaos. 

Ton proud "varlets, you netd not be aabamed (to wear Mae. 

O, P. Thb Hokbst Whori. 

Board (Br. btordd) ; a table was anciently so called. 
Our ancestors took their meals on loose boards, 
supported by trestles, and this custom continued 
till Shakspeare's time and probably after. Capu- 
. let, in Borneo and Juliet, requires his servants to 
^* turn the tables up/' to make room, by which it 
appemrs that they were loose boards, iplaoed opMi 
moveable stands. 

Boatia w«re laid and cloths spread. 

When she had. unarm'd Beiris, 

To \h^4owd she him led. 

Floricb and Blancbflovrb. 


Sbon ^aiker Ibis, three Iraiiilred lorvto W, ilewv 
Of British blood, all sitting at his board. 

SrsitMa*« F. Qvnnr. 

Bob, oCoeoertaio derivrntion; to cheat or obtain by 

Wi& basin betingr and candle lig:ht. 
They boMed ttie pye by night. 

Rom. op thx Sxviv Sa«S9«, 

BoBAUNOfi (P. bobance), presuoiptuous boastiag. 

Now lete we be the werre of Fraonce, 
And tlie Soadan with hys bobaunce, 

Aivitumeafen to &ire Floranee. 

Rox. 07 Oct. Imp. 
Ftr •ertafaily I say for ab MMve> 
Yet was I never without punreance. 

CRAvoaal Wr»i «r B^Tfe^ FftOiM 

Boi» ind BoDwcmD (SMdUhn), from th» teA to 
bil; a oonraiand, requeft, or offer, an bodword ia 
a message oraliy delivered. 

nk darystette kynges he sends ie#r. 
And faiddeSy in the name of Gode, 
To weod thither with yreate hoste^ 

Rom. or Rich^ Qcbue db Lioic* 

Tlien commanded Sir Amadas anon 
A mon to loke on thei grwon« 
And b9dewor€ bryng hyn ryght^ 

$U AMA9A8. 

BoBOB. Both the derivatioa and meaning of this 
word appear to be doubtful. Nares thinks it comes 
from the French bonger^ to stir or move, now in 
low language called to budge ; and Dr. Johnson 
supposes it a misprint of the latter wond: these 
observations have reference to the Use to which 

. Shakspeare applies the term ; but in an older au- 
thority than Shakspeare, the word is spelled bodg^ 
Md evideatl^ oaeaopt to botch or mend ina bungling 


\19 ..A «L08SARUL ABflT 

manner. It may^ however, have had both signf- 
ficaiionSy which the quotations seem to jastify. 

Nay, nay, there was a fooler fault \ my Oanmer gave mm Uir 

Scegt net now cbam rent and torn, my heels, my kiicMf and 

my breech. 

O. P. Gammkr QcrpTON's Nbbou. 

Bodkin (from S. bodig and kin), TWs word, ac^ 

cording to its modern acceptation, signifies any 

small pointed instrument, and especially one re** 

sembling a large needle, blunt at the |>oint, Qsed 

for drawing thready &c. through a hole or loop; 

.but formerly a dagger was so calledi and tubse» 

^ quently it was a name given to a steel instramenl 

. u§ed fit the toilet of the ladies for arranging thft 


But if be will be slain of SimeUn* 
With pavade or with kaife or bodtMn, 

Cbaucbr's Rsyb*! Talm*. 

Here she her trinkets kept and odd things. 
Her needles, poking sticks, and bodkins. 

Cotton's Yiroil TaATXSYis. 

BoiSTOUS (B.lmystus}, fierce^ rough, savage. Th» 
word boisterous has superseded this, but does not 
convey precisely the same meaning as the older- 

1 Sitb that thou wost ftd lite, who shall bdiobl' 

Thy rude langage, full boiBtovMly unfold. 

CHAucxa*8 Flours awd XbAfc 

Bold Beaughamp. This person was said to be 

i Thomas Beaucbamp, earl of Warwick, whose 

prowess became proverbial, ** as bold as Blsaa- 

champ.'' He is said (in 1346), with one '^uire 

and six arcbers,^ to have defeated one hundsed 

wnmoijoGicikL orc^iovAfiT. 118 

amMd meti, at Hogges^ in NoirmlJiidy> slayinf 
nixif of the immber. 

If any man himself a4Teut*r(nis hapt to sihew, 
Boid Seauchamp men him tormM. 

Dbatton> PoiTOiiBKir. 

Being every man well hors'd, like a bold Beacham, 

O. P. A Mad Wolttb liv ^stxrs. 

BoLNS (Goth. b%dna), swelled, in a round form. 

And boine Witii strokes was his blessed fsce. 
They him intreated as m^m wlUiovt grace. 

Lament, op Mart MAaoBLBini. 

Here one, being fhrong'4 bears back» all Mn and red. 

6nAK6l*fiARB*S JUfM 07 LuCUMMCi* 

Bolt (B. bollt), an arrow without a pointed head, 
usually employed to shoot birds, and hence called 
Vi bird bolt, which see; also^ a name fof^ii arrow 
in general. Arrows with blunt heads were em- 
ploy^ in the exercise of archery, and hence the 
proverb, " a fool's bolt is soon shot.'' 

Birds or boys, they are both bat a pittanco for my break&tti 
therefore have at then^ for their brains most as it were embroider 

myMlt. 0..P. BwDTMiow. 

1*11 make a shaft or a bolt on't. 

MSRRT Wives OP Wiimiffft.. 

Bolter, probably derived from boU, a swelling, the 
sense of the word being used as an accretion or 
accumulation; to begrime, dirty, besmear, or co>- 
agulate. In the Midland Counties it is called 

POr Uie blood btMet*4 Banquo smiles on me. 


Boi.Tii>fa.HUTOH, the tub or bin for holdbg bolted 

That bolting hutch of beastliness, that swoln parcel of dropsies. 

1 Part K* Bmi* iv. 



Bombast (It. bombagid)y a species of oottonr or 
fustian, used as a sort of wadding^ to ^vo bulk to 
dresses ; also, according to its more modem ac- 
eeptation, swelling words without meaning. 

lliy bodies bolater'd out with iumBast and with bags. 

Gascoignk's Fablb of Jbkorimo.^ 

Is this sattin doablet to be bambagtedyiriftk broken tfnetiti' 

O. P. Tbc Honbst Whobx, 9 Pabt» 

As bmnioMt and as lining to the time. 

Lotb's Labour Lost^ 

Bona roba (It. bvuma roba)^ literally a fine gown 
or robe, but used by Shakspeare and other dra- 
matic authors to signify a shewy courtezan or 

. prostitute. 

Wenches, botta robas, blessed beauties. 
- ■ O. P. Thb Misbribs of Exforcbd Makkiaob. 

We knew where tiie bona robot where. 

2 Part K. Hbv. nr. 

BoNiE (F. bonve), fair, valuable, handsome, cheer- 
ful, blythe. The following is perhaps the earliest 
use of this now common word in the Scottish dia- 

Witli spere, mace, and sweord^ 
And he wold after fyght, 
Bonie londis to heom dyght. 

Rom. of K. Alisavndrb. 

Boot (S. bote), compensation, profit, advantage. 

Conld I for boot, change for an idle plume. 


I*U give you boot; 1*11 give you three for one. 

Troilus and Cbxbs. 

Boot- BAiEtt. No etymology is given for this wordv 
which is said by Bailey to be a north country one; 
lis meaning is generally agreed upon, viz. httee" 


booter, robber^ or marander. Cotgrave defines- 
pieoreur to be a booihalerf a ravening and filching 
soldier; and probably it is derived from the old 
French hdUeboter, to rake or gtither together, or 
from holer, to drag away, and booty, spoil. 

Like boothalers, fhey forage up and downe countxies, flw or 

•ix in number. 

Dbkkar's Bbl-man*s Night Wai.kbs.- 

My own father (Dapper Sir Davy) laid ttiese London boot- 
halen, the eatehpoles in ambush, to set upon me. 

O. P. Thb Roaring 6»rl. 

BoRACHio (S.), a vessel made of the skin of a beast,, 
hi which wine is kept in Spain; figuratively, a 

I am no boremhio ; sack, maligo, nor canary breeds tbe calea* 

tore in my brains. 

O. P. Tbb Spanish Qrrsmr^ 

BoRDE (O, F. hourd), a Jest, joke, or story. 

But loke, boy, that thou her ne take, 

Wharfbre the ladire mygfat alwrake. 

Good bourde thereof we shall make. 

Rom. of Oct. Ivr. 
Of old adventures that fell while, 

And some of bourdes and ribaudry. 

liAT L* FrBIMB. 

BoRDEL (Arm. bordel), a brothel, said by some.ely.^ 
mologists to be derived from the O. F. bordeaUy a 
house near the water, in which situations houses 
of this description were generally placed, as the 
stews at the Bankside; others derive it from the 
Saxon bordel, a small cottage, which growing out 
of repute by being made common ale-houses and 
harbours for lewd women, obtained the name of 
bordel, from whence, by a transposition, brothel is 


like ttytme cluaicMUe cieatairs 
That live in the bordello, now in satin, 

To-morKMr next in tttaanMl. 

O. P. MovnsvB D*OLtTK. 

Tlieee gentlemen know bett^ to cot a ci|^1kiB a friMf, er 
boai4 a Jink in the kmrd^lU than a iiinnace. 

O. P. Ths Laoisi* pBTTiLses. 

BoRDRAG and Bordraging (fK>m border and fttvag- 
ing), the predatory excursions of the borderers on 
the confines of England. 

Vovi%\iXkj b0irirug9t nor no line and eiiee. 

Spsnskk's CoLiK CLoer. 

Yet oft annoyed witii aondrf bordrngimg^ 

Of neighbour Scots. 

SrBNesa^a F. Qvbsn^ 

BoREL (F. bureau), a coarse cloth, of a russet co- 
loor, but anthors differ as to its etymolo^; some 
derive it from the French hourl and JU^dMS, be- 
cause the hovels or country folks covered ibeir 
heads with a sort of stuff so called, and the (AA 
Glossary to Chaucer explains borrel as an attire for 
the head ; but most of the authorities agree that it 
is meant to designate a mean low fellow, a clown 
or rustic. It would seem that the colour of the 
cloth was transferred to the wearer and beeame a 
term of reproach. 

The kyng dude oITMb robe of Minivere 
And dooth on the borel of a squire. 

RoM. OF K. AusAUXDaa. 
And more we see of Christes secret things 
Than borell folks, although they wore kings. , 

CtaAVGsa's SoMryova*8 Tals. 

We lire in poverte and aibstia«aQ#, 
And borell folk in richease, and dispence. 

BoEOWR (S. iorgian). In the old wHteri this 


word is used somewhat diferently, though on re- 
' ferenoe. to its original meaning, is a security or 
pledge; to protect or guard is one of its earliest 
significations, but from the period of Chancer it 
appears to have been used only in its modern sense, 
to take up money or other property upon promise 
or security to return it. 

Fro payne it w«U you borowe. 

O. M. Xtxbv Mak. 

Now Safnet Georg^ci to borowe I 

O. P. RALPfl RortTSA DoVfTBS. 

Some goode word that I may saye, 
To teft«w« man's toule from blamei 


Halt thou any friendt, sayd Robyn, 
niy ftoiToiPft that wiU be) 

A Lttbl Obstb ov Robtw Hoob* 

BossE (F.), a protuberance or raised work, used as 
an ornament for a shield, helmet,, oroa the fkrai* 
ture of a war horse. 

A broche she bare upon her low colere 

As brode as is the botae ef a bokeleie.. 


Whose bridel rung with golden beUs and bouei brave. . 

Spbnsbb's F. Qvbbh* 

BoTHERREDE, joiut counsel or advice ; a conjunc* 
tion of both their rede or counsel. 

And after, by her bother- rede^. 
A laddor they set the hall to. 


Bottom (S. boim), a ball of thread, wound round a 
substance in the centre ; a word still in use in the 
IJfidland Counties. 

Therefore as you unwind her loye from him, 
I«st it should norel and be good to none. 
You must providQ to bottom it on me. 

'Sjffo Qvmti or IfiBtti^.. 


BovNK (Ooih. boeh)^ to ihake reftdy, to prepafe; 
ibe word is still retained by nautical mett, ft sbip 
being said to be bourne to a particular place. 

Busk ye, bmmeje, my merry men all. 

Robin Hood and Gut 09 GxsBomiip. 

And when otir pariah mass e was done. 

Our king was ioume to dine. 

Sir Cavuioi. 

Bourn (F. borne), a boundary; a river or piece of 
water is also so called^ from its dividing* one place 
from another, and therefore a boundary to each. 

I was weary of wand'ring, and went bm to rest 

Under a brode bancke by a hmurm side. 

P. Plowmait, 
Ko k9wm 'twixt his «id mine. 

WlNTm*! TAUk 

BouTE FBUj (F.), an incendiary ; but, flgiiratiTeljj 
a sower of ^trifi^ or dissentio/ir 

But we who only do infuse 

The rage in them, like bwttefem, 


Bower (S. bvr), an old word for a chamber or 
apartment in a house. 

What, Alison, here's thou not Absalon 
That ckantetii thus under our bomret wal } 


— — I know thou had'st rather 
Follow thine enemy in a fiery ira)pb 
Than flatter him in a bwoer, 


BRAeH (O.F. bracke)y a bitch hound or setter; one 
wiio traces by the scent. 

I'd rather hear my lady brack howl in Irish. 

1 Part K. I^bn. it. 

Bracket (Br. hra^cid), a sweet drink^ composed of 
ale and boney> spiced. 


Her mouth was sweet as bracket or the meth. 

Chauckr*8 Millcr's Taub. 

Braide (S. ahnedan), in its earliest signification, 
meant to dra^ or poll out, spread or set at large, 
from hence to be abroad and the various uses of 
the word broad as implying extension is derived ; 
in a. urate extended sense, it signified to strfk'e or 

. ] ■ The i^e thiough dodys aBd also bys scbeet . . 

Brayde off his pappes. 

And smoot Alisaundre ihoroug^h the cors. 
And krmUM hym down to knee. 

Rom. op K. Ai.I8AVNDRc. 

With that her kercher of hor head she braide. 

Chaucer's Retk*8 Tali. 

B&AIED^ awoke from sleep. See " Abrayde^" 

And with the fall oat of her sleepe she brtnedf 

. Helpe, holy cross of Brombolm ! she saide. 


Brand (S. brand), a burning coal or lighted stick; 
also (O. F. hrande), a burnished sword. 

Have I cauffht thee } 

. He thai p«cts us shall brine a brmuL firom hewrtti 
And fire ns both. K. Lbar. 

Bftsoens he pierced through his chaoffed chest 

With thrilling point of deadly iron brand. 

Spbnsbr*s F. Qvbbw. 

Braiohkr (Teat, hrander), a gridiron. 

nien firesher fish shall on his brander bleez. 

RAM8AT*S Pobhs. 

BransIe (F. brarder), a brawl or dance, in which 
men and women, holding by the hands, sometimes 
formecf a ring, and at others moved length-wise 

Nosr making lays of love and loTeia* pidne, 

Br9iute», ballads^ virelays, and yerses iiaine. 

Spbimbe's f. QdbbW. 

120 ' ft GL08SASIAI/ ANH» 

Br'ast (S. hurMan)y burst, broken. 

— ^— Slie lOTeth Aicto ao, 

That when that he was absent any tbrowe 
Anon ytat thought her herte hrmt a two. 

That with the ttraint his weMmd algli lie hfmaii 

SrKN8SJl*8 F.^Qpssv. 

^RATT (J^T. brail), a covering for the bodjt^ .per* 
baps somewhat resembling a carter's fr#(9k or 
child's pinafore, which is much in the fashion of 
ihat garment, and is in Wales still called a hratl. 

For net had they but a ■hete 

^liidi that the>- might wrappen him in a night. 
And a bratte to walken in a day light. 

Craucbr*s Pro. to Tkoman's Tajlm, 

BuaVery {F: brav^erie), fine sbewy gaody Bppa- 

Andtlicr layeth aQ his living "upon "his backe. 
Judging that women are wedded to brwerie. 

Where youth and cost and witless braverp keq;>s. 

Mkasure for Mbasurb. 

Brawl (F. hranler), an ancient kind of dance, said 
to be somewhat like the modern cotillion. 

Tis a French brawls an apish ImitfttioiK 

Massixger's Pictcrbv 

Master, wM you win your love with a French, brawl ? ' - 

Lovk's Labol'r Lost. 

Brawn fallen, brawn, now signifying the prepared 
flesh of a boar, is of uncertain etymology, but it 
also implies bulk and muscular strength. The pre- 
sent word has reference to the chap of the boar, of 
which brawQ is usually made, and is equivalent to 
chap fallen, a word still in use to indicate the 

: .«hliiilu«p4>f the muselMoflbefto^/aBdi ig^ 
lively, to be dejeoied or out of tpiriti^r > • / :i 

And lo 1 aietlioii|;fat ctme i^iBng to 1117 bed 

Hie ghost of Pompey with agliastly look» 

JUl pidt and irmmfattem, 

O. P. CimaHj. 

BiUY (ft. 'bracan)^ to pound, ffvud, ^or \m4 tp 

ini bant him, I wfll &r«9 

Bto bottM as in a oKvtv. 

Chatican*! Jua^* 
JKor ^1^*4 soaftenjik a mortar, , . ; 

Can .teach you wholesoiae sense and nnrtwre. 

H0DI»aA9. • 

Brazen head. Roger Bacon, a celebrated English 
philosopher, who flourished in 1940, was by the 
vulgpar supposed to have made a brazen head, which 
foretold future events, and repeated time is, time 
was, fcc. Gower, however, attrlbates the mligic 
head to Robert Grostete, bishop of Lincoln, who 
lived cotemporary with Bacon. The fable was in 
the days of superstition believed, and it still con- 
tinues a tale of the nursery. 

For of the grete derke Grostete 

I rede how boty Uiat he was. 

Upon ttie dergie aa ked of brat 

To forge, and make it for to telle 

Of such things as befelle. 

Gowsa*s Con. Am. 

Quoth he, my he€uP» not made of brtut, 

As Friar Bacon's noddle was. 
li," UuuiBaAS. . ■ 

Bbead and Salt. These things were of old Mten 

' together, previous to taking an oath, as an addition 

to its solemnity; and to lnfe«r -by bfeod ud'-'salt 


122 -A «LOtSAElAI.. AUD i . t 

Wit ft eomBioD oath at a very early peik>d,.aiid 
down to the tifne of QueoB Elisabeth. 

Have I ttronir boore I hy hread mud mUU. 

O. Pf Gammbb Gubton's Nbbdlb. 

He took bread attd nM by this Ught, that 1m would never open 

•Idilipe. ' 

O. P. Tbb Hokkst Wbobs. 

flftiens (S;^^)i brdethls^ a word still in tM'fti 
a ladicroas or vulgar sense. It is necessaary to 
observe^ in illustration of tbeqootation, that before 
the invention of braces, this lower garment was 
fiutened up by a thong, or, as the song says, a 

: irAotig of leather. ^ 

Tbe bridegroom gaed thro' the reel, 
And bis ireeks eime trodling doon > 
And aye the bride she cried — 
Tie np your leathern whang. 

Old Scot's Sowo. 

Breme (S. bretn), fierce, cruel, sharp, furiooa. . 

He was ware pf Arcite and Palamon, 
' Hist fbogbten, breme as it were, bulls two, 

, . Chaucbr^s Kkmht^s Tasb. 

When he wyst of my wretched fare, 

'Becamelykea&rfmebeare. . 

8i^ AMAnAS. 

Bren, Brent (^rennen), to burn, burnt. 

The fires brenne upon the auter clere. 
While Emelie was thus in her praiere. 


What flames, quod be, when I thee present see 
In daogej^rather to be drent than brent. 

SpiNsna's F. Qubxk. 

Brentford, Julian or Gillian of, was an old 
• woDiaa, residing at Brentford, who had the credit 
:• , of.^beiog a witch ; she i^^ frequently alluded to by 
. tlie.earJiy;drawatist%4P no: very creditable terms. 


I doubt that old liag OiUian of Braineford has bewitched me. 

WtSTvrARD Hob. 

What ean be made of Summer^ Last Will and Testaments Such 
another things as CUtlian of Brt^fnrford's -will. 

Summkr's Last Will, &c. 

Shakspeare alludes to the same person ^ in hii 
Merry Wives of Windsor. 

He eaiimot aUde the old woman of Brentford; he tweuA she 

is a witch. 

MsRRT Wives ov Wim>90B. 

Bretful, full to the top, a word of uncertain ety- 

— — — — This house in all times 
Was fall of shipmen and pilgrims 
With scrips bretfkl of lesings. 

Chavcxr*s 3rd Book ov Vaiui. 

With a face so fat as a full bleddere, 

Blowen bretful of breath. 

P. Plowma»*s CaBDS. 

Brswis (S. hriw), broth, bread soaked in fat pot- 

WTien he has a good tast, 

And ^ten wel a good repast; ^ 

And soupyd off the drotiw^a sope. 

Rom. op Rich. Cotua ]>■ Lioir. 

What an ocean of hrewie shall I swim in. 


Bhida]L£ (S. hryd and ea/e), a feast given on the 
. o^rempny of a marriige. 

Seven days ylyke hyt leste, 

The bridale and tiie dubbyng feste. 

Ron. or Oct. Imp. 

At erery bridale wold he singe flhd hoppe, 
Ifte loved bet the tavern than the shoppe. 

CHAucya. ^ .. 

t^RiEfCLJtfrevis), an abstract orclescriptive writings 
from hence the term applied m law to the case of 
Uie suitor placed in the tiands of a barrister to pro- 
Mliite. or defend. • Butler otills it a brmate. 

f24 r- s' crtossAWAC AHH' 


Mall dmw this brief into as buf« a Tolome. 

On which he blew as titrtmg a ierct 
As well feed lawyer on his breeitUe* 



Brinded (S.hrennan), burnt, the diffeft nt sbaiiei 
pfodoced by the action of ting-eiog', marked with 

Thrice the brinded cat hath tnewM. 
■ She tamed the brinded lioness 

And spotted mountain pard. 


Brize (S. briose), a stinging' fiy, called the gad ty 
or horse fiy. 

The Ifflvw nyen Her, Ukt a cW te Jutit i 

Hoists laUiaiMlflM. 

Anth. and Ci«»er« 

:. TlMlime4wiit0anSBMet^««M 
Is hut a mongrel prince of bees. 


Broach (V.broche), a spit; ako^ to pierce with a 
spit or other pointed weapon. 

lUl broach the tadpole onjBy npier*» point. 
. . Tit. Andronicvs^ 

Broached with the steely point of CHflbrd's lance. 

3 Part K. HkN. vi. 

Brocage (Y.broggour), illicit gain^ gotten by pro* 
curation^ the wages of a pimp. 

He wotth her by mennes brocage. 
And swore he wold been her own page. 


Brook (8. broc), a badger, but used, like cur, as a 
' 'word of contempt; as, ** to stink like a brock.'' 

Marry, hang thee brock! 

TWBLvm Kfaat« 

BrogvH' (Gael, irog), a kiad of shoe^ reiMicired 

durable vfith dout or hob^pailsi,. won^ ebiefly.kgr 

— - I tiumglit he slept, and put- 
Mt elonted hvgnei firom off my feet, whose rudeness 
AB8wer*d my steps too lo«d. . 

BmdKSii BKER, a cant term for beer, partofwUeh 
bas been drank, as broken victuals significA'tlMire* 
sidue of a feast. 

He was very carefully carried at his mother's back, and ttiera 
fed witii ^Aren deer and Uown wine daily. ^^ 

Tbs Bsioic Pisamui,. 

. • (I 

The Dutch come up like brokcH beer. 

O.F. The O^btiiAkT. 

Broker (O. F. broggour), a word formerly used to 
signify a procurers or match maker betw^n tbp 


X Now, by my modesty, a goodly broker f 

Twd GavTfl. or VxEoaiA. 

And all brokere between pandars say amen ! 

Troi and Crsss. 

Brokking (from broken), in a tremulous manner, 

Bfe rtngetti bnkkjMg aa awightinyaleb 

€haucsr*s MiLLsa's Tau* 

Bruit (F. hruite), rumour, report. 

In few his death, '' .i.t" ' ■; 

Being brmted <moe. took fire, and beat away , 
From the best temper*d courage in hjrtroqpis. 

M^AkiT K. HkN. IT. 

Brown Bill. See " Bill.'' 

Brownist, a name given to the disciples of Robert 
Browne, a celebrated Nonconformist in the time 
of Queen Elizabetl^i ; they were in those days the 

' . ■ • ' " * 

constant objects of popular satire. 

•, ■-.«'. ■ . . 

I liad as l^ef be a Brownitt as a politician. 

' ■'■ ^■' ■ , T4mttnm-Vvna, 

M 3 



Smnminms (S.), cutting up, e^rviiip* 

LeaTeoffftiy^^i^'eofthedeere, hetayde* 
ABA to yow towys tajrk geod hecA. 

O. B. or Crnmrt Cumck. 

Bub {D, bobkelen), from its foaming' and bubbling', 
<• 4i tow and ludioiovs term for stronf ale ar other 

He loTW cheap Pent and double ktib, ^ , ^ 

And setOes in the hnmdFom club. 

BfJBUKLK (F. Mndette), a red or inflamed pimpTe on 
the face. 

nU ftkce 18 all huhtkles and wbelks, and knobs and flunes of 

( - )tmk 

ti. Urns, T. 

1f6dK 0t. 'bucaia), A lye inade fVom aslies, wed for 
making a. lather to wash linen; hence bnckikig is 
• tlwAct'of wttshifig. 

Bhe washes bncks here at home. 

a Part K. Hen. iv. 

nirow lb«l yMB apob him, a» if ha weve coins lo A«MtaY.r 

Mkbrt Wiyks of Wzndsob. 

Buckler (F. i«iMUer), « sbieki or piecovof defen- 
sive armour, so called from its being buckled on 
the arm. To throw dovm the bucklers, was a com« 
liion expression to acknowledge superiority or a 
. declaration 0f victory. 

But now I lay the iucMers at thy feet. 
J • • O. P. Mat Day, 

Into whoeb hands she thnuts the weiqpons first, let him take 
«p the hmeklert, 


BuoitLERBBURY, a Street in London, leading from 
Cheapside to Walbrook, which was anciently 
ittiialiiMI by persons who aold dried herbs for 


phamaceiitical and other pnrpofctl; 'isiHclb herbs 
were called simples befuMre medically compoanded. 

' HmK come like women in men's 84>parel, and smell Ukt JBuek- 

Ift ^ k mrp im sinnde time. .^ . -'i 

Mbbkt Wivxe or Windsor. 

BvtF^ a light yellow coloar. It appears ftote Are- 
quent allosions in the old dramatists, that seijeants 
at mace, bailiffs, or sheriffs' officers uniformly wore 
a costume of a buff colour. 

-*^— A f ellow an in Ani; . 
A back friend, a shoalder ckMpper. ,. 


For I have certain foUins in bt^Jerkku , , • ■ 

Lie in ambnscado for him. . ■• m:I .1 

O. P. B^l^ ALLfT. ^ 

Bug (Br. bwgan), a bugbear, any ugly or /rigl^tftil 

For aU «taat kcre on earth wmiKmdtal bold 
Be but as Amgt to fearen babes withal. 

SriN8BV# F. Qumr. 
Sir, dpare your threats} . * ' • 

The bug which Ton Woald firtgkt aie With I seek. 

Wnma's Tali. 

BvLi.. To s«ck a b«H was a proreib implytiiif tUt 
attempt to accomplish an absurd cNr liUpossible 
tbUig-*'' as wise as Waltham's calf who went nine 
miles to suck a bull.^' 

Thou wilt at best but MMTlr a 6«U .^ 

Or shear swino— «U cry and no wool. 


Bull beggar, an insolent beggar, aatordy thief; 
a word used to terrify children^ supposed a corrup- 
tion of bold. beggar, and of the same meaning as 

To mack bow like tre bull bmart they stand. 

IM .'A fiUMSAftlAl OklTD' 

, > tOMt odd iNti foraoolh wm need* be aoeoottlod Unl^rtell 
beggan, aad the oolj kill cows of their mge. 

-'Qa»bisi. HAAmT*ii Feoie LBTMBeAm 
Ckrtain Sonnsts. 

ByUBAED (L. bombardd), a cannon or piece of ord- 
nance; also, a large black jack or i^sseL to bold 
■ ale or other liquor. 

Sodeynly, as it had thonderM, 
gren w/t u dap iosed her im w te i^ . 

O. P. TttK Four P**. 
Betides tiie great black Jacks and bombard* at the court, which 
when the Frenchmen first saw, they reported that EngllahmeB 

«sed to drink oat of their boots. 

. • » ' • Philocothonista. 

BuRD, the beard. See " Barber.'' The hospitality 
of the ancient barons is alluded to in the proverbial 

Swith merry hit is in halle •-•' ^ 

When the terdte waTen aUe. 

Rom. op K. Alisaukdbx. 

Or, as Ray gives it, in more modern language. 

*Tis merry in hall 
. • ■ . • When beardt wa|r all. 

iBviMlA^vr . (F.. himrginoie), a Species of hi^lmet - ' 

, ,,j. ..j^M ii|[|;th their grmves^and ma^ a^d broad Bwonif^ ,. 

Proof coirasses and open fttir^onirlk. ', O.P.Trs Fova AppaavncKs ot;&aMov. 

And from thy burgonet VW. rend thy bear. 

3 Part K. Hkx. tk 

Burgeon (F. bourgeonner)^ to spring, to bud, to 
swell by increased growth. 

'">'-' . ABfttdelSr to prune the trees before the pride 
. ;^ .or hasting prime did make them ftttr^etn round. 

' ' ' SpBVS'eR*S F. QUEBX. 

.. . CUthntlhadttwfruitfBlheadsafHydra, 

That one might bwgeon where another fell. 


BurlrDj Rimedy a word of uncertain derivation. 

f ,» ' mrliitUachiUetanuKlYVktbeftuBet 
fliftin of a serpent, in the self place 
Her taile butted with scales* 

Lyi>gate*s Hist, op Tbsbss. 

Burnet, a sort of woollen cloth. 

In token of mourning, barbed the vissf <^ 
I^Timpled eche one in burnet weeds. 


A iufneite cote hao^ therewithaU^ 
Forred with no miniv«re. 

Chaucjbr's Kom. op tos Rosb. 

Busic, to prepare, to make ready ; of uncertain de« 
rivation, but probably, says Todd, from husque, 
an ancient part of female attire, and if that is the 
casflj it night be so called from th« bosk being 
madi of wood. 

BuBk$ 70, bowse ye, my menrx mea rU. 

RoBiK Hood ajvd Gut or Otlsoan. 

Whet THanour WW trh^ tad 10004 

And well healed of his wound. 

He kuBked him to fere. ^ ' 

6XK Tbiamovx« 

BvsKlNa (F. hrodeqain), a kind of half boot» eov6^• 
ing both the fool asid op to the middle •#li»>l6g, 
principally worn by tragic actors on tt^ sta^l 
the sock or low oomiQon shoe was worn. by QOjn^ 
dians, hence the words became in use to signify 
tragedy and comedy, the distinguishing marks of 
each being a sock or a bnskiB. 

Bmakimt he wore of eoefUest cordewayneit 

9iiikt upon gold. ' ' L ■ ^ t) 

Smnrsm*a F. civihnr. ' ^ ' 

Or what, though rare of later age, ..i]^\*: • 

EnnirWrt hath tte 6tMtN»*4 stage.. 


Busk points, the tags or points of th^ lace used by 

180 ' 'MrMm&AMtAL bikini" ' 

ladies in fest^aiiig their stajs over the busk to keep 
them straight 

O I think ttion meanest him that made ninetccB aonnets of 
hit mistress's iuakpoinU, 

O. P. LlMOUA. 

Ye bowtwr of art to corcr your kmk p v b i ia , 

O. P. The Widow's Tbams. 

BusKT (F. bosquet), woody, shaded with trees. 

Bow bloodily the son begins to peer 
Above yon buttg hill ^ 

1 Pabt K. Hkv. XT. 

I know each lane, and every alley green. 
Dingle and bwhy deU of this wild wood. 
And every botkg boom from side to side. 

Hn.TON*s CoMVfl, 

Butt shaft, an arrow to shoot at butts with. la 
most towns in England, in the days of archery, a 
spot in the vicinity was appropriated for the exer- 
cise of the bow, hence the name of Brentford Butts, 
Newinfi^on Butts, &c. 

Ciqpid's hM tkmft is too hard tor Hercules' dnb. 

Lovs's LkMOum Sjowai,. 

ShotUnoagh the ear with a love song ; the very jtn of his 
.-^/hitfftctaft.wiai the byad bow boy's ^ntfs'Mft. ■ Wi 


BincbM (is. %iic«um), lowly, obedieot, jolly, good 
Iramoared, easily yielding^ to another's wish 

Mydearwlfle, Itheebeseke 

As be to every wight ^iMPOM and mdie. 

I, without noise or cry. 

My idaint make all buxotnly, 

Gowaa's Con Am. 

Btms (F. bysse), a species bf linen like lawn or 

' He was ^e so delicate 
Of his clothing, that every dale 
Of pojpr^ and bgue hf^ ovide him gaie. 





Cab At (F. eabcde), the secret science ortlie'''le#idh 
rabbins; also, any party of men miited to^petlier 
for the purpose of plotting ar intrijifaing'. ' ' 

F^r mystic Ieamingr» \rond'rou8 able 
In magic, talisman, and cabal. 


Set up committees of eabait. 

To pack designs vitliout the wa)ls. 

Cabbage (F. caboche),. This vegetable was, pot 
originally a native of the soil of England, but was 
imported from Holland. 

He has received weekly intelligence, 
.... , Upon my knowledge, .out of the tow oonnlries^.i't'l 

For all parts of the world in cabbages, 

BKir JaWoN*k ymleniia, 

Cabls . HATBAND. The hatband #aa»'f<t>rmerly a 
distiiigaished ornament with the higher oUisses of 
•ocietyy not unfrequently adorned with gold; ^nd 
of etirioas workmanship; the cable hatband wak so 
called from its rope-like manufacture, and was 
about 1600 very fashionable. 

I had on a gold cable hat b(md, then i^evT ocMne vp, of wnffnie ) 
goldsmith's work. 

Etbkt Man Out of His Humour. 

More cable, till he had as much as my cable hatband to fence him. 

O. P. Anthonio and Mbllida. 

• 1 ■ ' i' ■ ■ / 

Caco djemon (Gr.), an evil or mischievous spirit^ a^ 

Hie Uiee to heU for shame and leare fhia world, 
Tlioa coco rfffSMm/ 


Ue Ik 6UiSftA«IAL AHB ' 

Nor was the dog a coco dstmon. 

But a true dogr, that would ahew trkdts 

For th' enqteror, and leap o'er sticks. 


Caddis, a kind of narrow tape made of wenled, 
., iwally worn as garters by the cammoii peopte^ 
• .^ ibe tiine of Queen Elizabeth. 

Wttt ttou rob thto leathern Jeiian, cbrjrslia Imltoa, iMttial^ 
atgat rini:, poke stodcing, caddU garter r &c. 

1 Paet K. Hsn. ir. 

He hathfih^n^ of all colours of the rainbow, inkles, MAftmet, ftc. 

WlKTSa'S tAiM, 

Cade (L. eadu9), a small cask or barrel in which 
- herriiDgfi are usually packed. 

ife, John Cade, so termed of our supposed fkOicr, • 
—or rather of stealing a cade of benrings. 

3 Fart K. Hbk* ti. 

John, or as be was more familiarly called. Jack 
Cade» to whom the foregoing* quotation refers, 
beaded the Kentish men in a rebellion, in tfaeareign 
of Henry Vltb. and after many cruelties and acts 
of oppression committed by him and his followers, 
lie was slain by Alexander Eden or Iden^ a gen- 
tleman of Kent, in whose garden, in Sassex, he 
was found concealed. 
Cadewt (L. eadens), falling. 

With eadent tears fret channels in her cheeks. 

K. lAAa. 

Cadgy, the cheerful merriment which is induced hy 
feasting, from the Scotch caigie, cheerful, merry. 

Mj dochter's shoulthers he 'gan to clap, 
And eadgily ranted and sang. 

O. B. Thk Gabbrlvnzu Max. 

wrYH6U}0tdAU AtcnclliARY. '193 

Caitiff (F. ehetif). This word origiBaily ineaAt^ 
captive, afterwards a slave, atid by implication a 
pCfrsoEi of base character, a villain. 


Ofofu^li^iaSflplMdflinaiB. • 

Spiksbe*! F. Quuw. 

f went tollilt potukloiii Mtti/dQiitrl 


A coi^recreaiit to mreooain HcMftwd.^ 

X. RlCRABB fl. 

Calcule (F. ealeuler)y to numerate, reckon, or cast 
accounts, so called from the Latin calcuUj small 
stones anciently used in counting' or computing, 
ifom hence is derived the word calcvUcUe. 

. . , Tliat in tbe ninti( «p«re considered is, 
Fnn sOtUly be c«lct({erf all tSiii. 


'Hie gfenenil caleule whicli was made in the last perambijktion 

liMeedtd aight millioni. 

HowitL*8 DonoNA's GaOTK. 

Caldesbd, a word coined by Butler, signifying^ the 
fraud practised under pretence of divining future 
events, or, in modem language, fortune telling. ' 

Ashamed that men 80 leam'd and wise 
Should be eoMef'tf bf gnats and flics. 

Bim.xa*s RsMAiKs. ' 
He stole yonr coat and pick*d yoor poeket, 
Qums*d and ealieged jon like a btodchead. 


Caiiver (F. calibre), a hand-gun or harquebuse. 

Put me a eaUver into Wart*s hand, Bardo^. 
• S Part K. Hisir. ir. 

Callan, of no certain etymology, a lad or stripling. 

The eaUant gap'd and glowr'd about, 

Bat ao ae word oould he Ing out. 

Ramsat'b PoXMSr 


184 . A AIiMS4BIAL AtiP: 

CALUUty cool, refreabingv i - 

Over rocks can swiftly rin. t 

HvitB'a GwMMf. 

Callet^ of doabtful derivation, but said to be fSrom 
the French cdMte, a ^ap worn by country girls; 
the word it^ uted to denote a scold, or a loose or 
infamous woman. 

Gfi|^ tej^ ! and tfaixiks the eolfel tbiu to kMp tile nede me fro. 

O. P. Oammxe Guetov's Nkbdu. 

A ^slkf.of Vmmdl^si tOBCOCi. 

WnfTBR't Tajji. 

' CotttoBptaoiisbaseboniMllefESBheiB. 

% Part K. Hsxr. ti. 

Calv»6. See •'Cave/' 

Cameline (F. eameht), from camel, a stuff origin- 
ally manufactured of silk and caaiels' hair, but 
afterwards wool was substituted for the latter; it 
was subsequently called eameloi and now camlet. 

And anon dame Abstinence streined, 

Toke on a robe of imifeHne, 

And gan her grat^e as a siegine. 


CJamblot, tbe ancient luupne of a to^wn in Soioecset- 
shire now called Camel; it was formerly famous 
for the breed of geese, which were fe^l on the 
adjacent moors. 

Goose, H I bad yoE upon Saram FlaiB, 
I'd drive yon cackling back to CameM. 

K. Lbae. 

Camerade (F. camarade, from L. camera, a cham- 
ber), one that inhabits the same chamber with 
another, a boon companion or bos<Hn friend, siofe 
corrupted to comrade. 

Cammeradu with him and confederates ki his design. 


JUd wM 7idji4,4w iMtt <rf aooMluii^ air, ^ 

AU in a tUken oimw, 'lUljr wUte. 

8plnrME*f F» Qiratir. 

CAHtSADO (It. camisa)y a sudden assault or «ar- 
prize of the enemy, so called from a shirt or 
coverings in the form of one, worn over armour 
by soldiers^ to distinguish them from the enemy. 

For I this day will lead the forlorn hope. 

Tha eanUi^do ahall he giyen by me. 

O. P. Thm Fovr AFPaKNTXcia or Lomoir* 

CAMOVt (F. camus^, depressed, crooked, flat noted* 

Aoond wai hU ftce and eamvnd hli noM. 

CaAvcjui'a MiLwa'a Turn* 
Her note fomdele hoked 
* ' ' And em tk mlt 4wked, ' ■ 


Can, a word in frequent use with old, authors for 
'gan, a contractioafor began. 

Slnflh<a»<lief praise the trees ao 8trai(ht and hifh. 

avB]rsBn*s F. Qurav. 
Aad anny bards tliat to the tremblinc ooni 
Con tone their tiniely Toices. 

CAVionii (ihediminfitiveof eofi), annaU driokiiig 
caa or e«p. 

■; •- t 

And let me the cMuUdH. eUa^, 

CanarVv a daate havingr a qotek and lively flieasnre,. 
and so called &om its being a fovourite amusement 
of the natives of the Canary Islands ; also, tho 

name of a sweet wine made there, called also sack. 

• ■ ■ ■ • . ■ .' ■ 

■ And malce yon Aknoe Canttrjft 

Aix's Wail. THAT Bnj>b Wsi.1.. 
O^ ksifht, tbon loT*Bt a cop of. Cmuay, 


184 ▲ qioasAEUL aUu 

Callbr, cool, refireabing. • 

' Tlie rtven frMh, the emtttr itnunA 

Over rocks can swiftly rin. « 

HiniB*t GwiMr. 

Callet^ of doabtful derivation, but said to be from 
tbe Frencb caMte, a cap worn by country girls; 
tbe word it uted to denote a scold, or a loose or 
infamous woman. 

Goss tecMl ! snd tfaixiks the caiM tbns to keep the neelene fto. 

O. P. Oammxe Gurtov*8 Nkbd&i. 

A ^sUff of Vmmdless tonfoc. 

WixmR't Tau. 

Contemptaons base bom emllet as she is. 

% Part K. Hnr. ti. 

Calv'6. See "Cave.'* 

Cameline (F. eamelot), from camel, a stuff origin- 
ally manufactured of silk and camels' hair, but 
afterwards wool was substituted for the latter; it 
was subsequently called cameloi and now camlet. 

And anon dame Abstinence streined, 

TcikA on a robe of oumeline. 

And gan her gratcLe as a Begine. 


Camblot, the ancient name of a to^wn in Somerset- 
shire now called Camel; it was formerly famous 
for the breed of geese, which were fe^ on tbe 
adjacent moors. 

Goose, if I bad jom upon Sanun Plain, 
I'd drive yon cackling back to Cameloi, 

K. Lbak. 

Camerade (F. camarade, from L. camera, a cham- 
ber), one that inhabits the same chamber with 
another^ a boon companion or bosom friendj since 
corrupted to comrade. 

CammeradM with him and ooofedantes in his detdgn. 


VTYUOkOGW^li 1>Kn3«NAaT. 185 

■ I t 

AU in a tUken e«m«t, Iffly wUte. 

8PinrMB*f F. Qvmir. 

Cahisado (It. tam%sa)y a sudden assault or sur- 
prize of the enemy, so called from a shirt or 
coverings in the form of one, worn over armour 
by soldiers, to distinguish them from the enemy. 

For I this day viU lead the forlorn hope. 
The eami§mdo •hell he giTcn by me. 

O. P. Thb Fovk Affaxntxcks or Lomoir* 

CAMOVt (F. camus^, depressed, crooked, flat nosed. 

Itoond WM hit ftce and eawnutd hli noM. 

CaAvcjui's MiLwa'e Taui. 
Her note tomdele hokeA 
And eMi#Me(|f tf^okedt 


Can, a word in frequent use with old , authors for 
'gan, a contraction for began. 

SInflh <a»<lief praise the trees 10 straight and hifh. 

avi]raBa*s F. Quuir. 
And aany bards that to the tremblinc coed 
Cmn tone their tiniely voices. 

Gamaeih (the diminutive of can), a iniaU drinking 
can or c«p. 

And let me the eastakin. t&ak'. 

• OraBKL*.. 

Canart^ a daaee having a quick and lively flieasnre^ 
and so called ficom ite being a fovourite amusement 
of the natives of the Canary Islands; also, tho 
name of a sweet wine made thei^e, called also sack. 

And make yon dance Ctmttry, 

WHi wpA^Mj llvi iind uotkm. 

Aix's Wail. THAT Bnj>b WSI.1.. 
O^ kslfht, tjion lOTlt a cop of Cmory, 

Vse v . 4 CMUpaSAiKlAt Mim 

t i i 

Sulrmtifos (S.), cutting up, dkrviBp. 

Leare off brjftifynge of the deere, he sayde. 
And to fom bowjB te|rk «eod heeA. 

O. B. or €nmr Cbacs. 

BvB (D. M&elen)^ from its foaming' and bubbling^, 
<> ¥ low and Indiciovs term for strong' ale or otiMT 
It lkjnior« 

He loTet dieap Port and doaUe ^m2^ 
And settles in the hmndram club. 

BdMiKLK (F. h^lndette), a red or inflamed pimple on 
the face. 

nSs ftice is all hubuklet and wfaellu, and knobs and flames of 

fc. Hav. T. 


BtidK (Tt. 'ftueitfa), d 1]^ inade fW>m aslies, .iwed for 
making a. lather to wash linen; hence buekilig is 

• HMUct of WlBbiflg'. 

Bhe washes hw:k9 here at home. 

S Part K. Hsn. it. 

."■• llhywftMilliiMsapoiktain, flsifhaweK«oii«loAflMftfiv. 

Mkrbt Witxs of Windsor. 

Buckler (F* fondWer), m shieid or piecovof defen- 
sive armour, so called from its being buckled on 
the arm. To ihrow cUnon the bucklers, was a com- 
mon expression to adcnowledge superiority or a 
. dedmration Hi victory. 

But now I lay the kuet^ers alt thy feot. 
J • O. P. May Day. 

Ifkto whosb hands she thrusts the weiqtons first, let him take 

t ' mp «be kmtklen, 

O. P. Nbw Wondxr. 

BucitLERBBVRY^ a Street in London^ leading- from 
Cheapside to Walbrook, which was anciently 
irtabited by persons who «old dried herbs for 

pltaTMacevtical and other ptnrpolM; isiidf berbe 
Vfete caUed simples before medically compounded. 

' Thtf come like women in men's apparel, and smell Uke Buck- 
i fttkt r p in aimpte tone* >;j 

Mbbrt WiTxe OF Windsor. 

BtrtF, a light yellow coloar. It appears ttCm tee" 
quent allusions in the old dramatists, that seijeants 
at mace, bailiffs, or sheriffs' officers uniformly wore 
a costume of a buff colour. 

A fellow an in 6h|; 

A back friend, a shonkler dafper. ,. 

CoiinDT or BEBOR0. 

For I have certain foblins in h%igjerkkiM , '■ 

' . Ueinambnscadoforhim. ' ' ^'•' •■ 

O. P. Ram Ax.i*pF. ^ 

Bug (Br. itr^an), a bugbear, any ugly or frightful 

For all Hiat kcrt on ear^ w*4mmIAi1 hold 
Be bat as kmg9 to fearen babes withal. 

SrBNSKiV> F. QuKur. 

Sir, spare jromr threats} * 

Hie hug which yon would flrlgkt ■» With I seek. 

WiNTSR's Talb. 

BvvL* To Bvck a b«H Was a pfdreife implyioy A 
attempt to accomplish an absurd tk iiMjpossible 
Umg~'^ as wise as Waltham's calf who went nine 
miles to suck a bull.^' 

Thon wilt at best but rae Ar a d«f U 

Or shear swine— vU cry- and BO wool. ' 

Bull beggar, an insolent beggar, aetwdy thief; 
a word used to terrify children, supposed a corrup- 
tion of bold. beggar, «nd of the aame meaning as 

To marii how like (re kuU btggon fhey stand. 

1^ A CtJOtSAftlAI. OkHD- 

, I Mm odd wH^ foamotiOk will seeds be aceooiited tenrttfe ,teil 
beggar; aad fbe <ml7 kill cows of their acre. 

■ I ' • "Qabbibl HAaviT'ff Fenfcl Lbtvbbc AMV 

Ckrtain Sonnkts. 

BuMBAED (L. bambardd), a cannon or piece of ord- 
nance; also, a large black jack or vessel to bold 
. ale or otber liquor. 

Sodeynly, as it had thonderM, 
EVen «t« clap losed her ftiMn^errf. 

O. P. Thk Four P*8. 
Besides tbe grreat Uack jacks and bwnbarda at the court, wfaick 
when the Frenchmen first saw, they reported that EngUshmea 

«8ed to drink odt df their boots. 

• ' ^ ' • Philocothonxsta. 

BuRD, the beard. See ^'Barber." The hospitality 
of the ancient barons is alluded to in the proverbial 

B*ti'i.». . ia»*. 


Swith merry hit is in halle 
When the tercttt waTen alte. 

Rom. or K. Alxsaundei. 

Or, as Ray gives it, in more modern language. 

Tis mory in hall 
. .' . .When beardt wag all. 

AuiMAili^T. {E.lxmrginoUi), a Species of helmet > ' 

,,,j. Aijpi^M i|[^ th^r greaves.and ma^ a^ broad swv^^ .. 

ttofA cuirasses and open burganeh, 
J I . : I ■' • . « . Q. P. Tm Fova Apprbvticks ov: &Mt^oK. 

And from thy burgonet 1*11 rend thy bear. 

2 Part K. Hsir. vr. 

Burgeon (F. baurgeonner), to spring, to bud, to 
swell by increased growth. 

'"> ■' . Aafttdelftlio prune the trees before the firide 

;^ Of basting prime did make them dur^em round. 

' ' * ' Spxns'er's F. Queex. 

.': .: . OJOmtlhadthefruitftaheadsofHydra, 

That one might burgeon where another fell. 


BuMXDj iimed, a word of uncertain derivation. 

f ,» ■ Iftrl^tiftchUxietHniailuptheftuBe, 
Skdn of a serpent, in the self place 
Her taile butted with scales. 

Lyi>oats*s Hist, of Tbuis. 

Burnet, a sort of woollen cloth. 

In token of mourning, barbed the Tisaciv 
'^^impled eche one in burnet weeds. 


A iumeite cote hong therewithal)^ 
Forred with no minivere. 


Bum, to prepare^ to make ready ; of uncertain de-* 
rivation, but probably, says Todd, from busque, 
an ancieiit part of female attire, and if that is the 
castf, it might be so called from the bosk being 
niidt of wood. 

9u»kt ye, bowna ye, my merry mea all. 

RoBiv Rood xm Out oy Gtiio'Mni. 

Wlaai Tlriamoor WW irhdlt and 10004 

And well healed of his wound, 
Hehuked him to fare, ■ ■ ■ - ' 

6xB Tbiamovk* 

Busking (F. brodequin), a kind of half boot, eoTOf* 
iog both the foot and op to the middle ef ttielef , 
principally worn by tragic actors on tfie 9taga: 
the sock or low oomiaon shoe was worn by coiQe- 
dians, hence the words became in nse to signify 
tragedy and comedy, the distiQgnishing marks of 
each being a sock or a baskin. 

JNuMm he wore of costUest cordewaynOh 

Bnkt upon gold. . • 

Smm(m*8 !^. Ilmhrif: ' 

Or what, Ukongh rare of later age, ..ii-^t*: 

gnnTThiitti hath the bu§km*d afcaae» 


Busk poikts, the tags or points of th^ bee used by 

ladies in fastening their stajrs orer tlie busk to keep 
them straight. 

O I think thou meanest him that made nineteen sonnets of 
his mistress's btuk points, 

O. P. Lingua. 

Ye borrow of art to cover your 6iMflrpodifo. 

O. P. The Widow's Tiaes. 

BusKY (F. bosquet), woody, shaded with trees. 

How bloodily the son begins to peer 

Above yon bwkj; hill 

1 Fart K^ Hbw. it. 

I Vnow each lane, and every alley green, 
IHngle and bushy doll of this wild wood. 
And every boskjf bourn from side to side. 

Milton's Coictrs, 

Butt shaft, an arrow to shoot at butts with. In 
most towns in England, in the days of archery, a 
spot in the vicinity Was appropriated for the exer- 
cise of the bow, hence the name of Brentford Butts, 
Newmgton Butts, &c. 

Cupid's iuU sht^ft is too hard for Hercules' dub. 

Love's Labour Lon.. 

'Sfcottlubugh the ear with a love song ; the very i^n of his ' 
.<:. i|i«i4lolift{irith the bUnd bow boy's AiitfsiMfV. .,' ^ r. 

Romeo and Juliet. 

Buxblf '(S,%uc8urn), lowly, obedient, jolly, good 
jiQiiiotired, easily yielding to another's wis'h 

My dear wife, I thee bcseke 

As be to every wight btueom and meke. , 

I, without noise or cry. 

My plaint make all btucomly. 

GoWBE's Con Am. 

Bymb (F, hysse)^ a species bf linen like lawn or 

' ■ • He was eke so delicate 
Of Ills clothing, that every dale 
.. ;. pfpurpr^and^Mehfiinadehimgaie. . 

■ ■ • ' ' ■ • * lElB. 



Gabac (F. tiAale)y the secret science of^tlie'''le#Uh 
rabbins; also, any party of men ndited td^her 
fot the pnrpose of plotting ar intrijifaing'. ' 

F^r mystic leamingr, -wond'rous able 
In xnag^c, talisman, and cabal. 


Set up committees of cabalt. 

To pack designs witliout the wa)ls. 

Cabbage (F. caboche).. This vegetable was pot 
originally a native of the soil of England, but was 
imported from Holland. 

He has received weekly intelligence, 
I Upon my knowledge, .out of the lowooimlriet^.'t*^ 

For all parts of the world in caMaire«. . 

Oabls . HATBAND. The hatband #ast f<t>rmerly a 
distiDgaished ornament with the higher classes of 
•ociiBty, not unfrequently adorned with gold; and 
of etirioas workmanship ; the cable hatband wtk so 
called from its rope-like manufacture, and was 
about 1600 very fashionable. 

I had on a gold cable hat bandt then i^ew oome vp, of wnffnie ) 
goldsmith's work. 

Etbat Man Out op His Humour. 

More cable, till he had as much as my cable hatband to fence him. 

O. P. Anthonio and Mbllida. 

Caco DjEMON (Gr.), an evil or mischievous spirit^ a^ 

Hie thee to. hell for shame and leare fhia world, 
Tlioo eaeo dtnmont 


Ue Ik 6UiSftA«IAL AND ' 

Nor was the dog a eaco dstmon. 

But a trae dogr, that would diew trkdts 

For th* emperor, and leap o'er sticks. 


Caddis, a kind of narrow tape made of wcMrslad, 
., iwally worn as garters by the cammoii people, 
.^ ibe tiine of Queen Elizabeth. 

wm ttou rob thto leathern Jeiian, cbrjrslia Imltoa, »att;|al^ 
atgat rini:, poke stodcing, caddU garter r &c. 

1 Paet K. Hsn. ir. 

He hath-fih^n^ of all colours of the rainbow, inkles, coAKnet, Ac. 

WiNraa*s TAiM* 

Cade (L. eocfif^), a small cask or barrel in which 
' herriiDgfi are usually packed. 

ffe, John Cade, so termed of onr supposed itaOMr, • 
—or rather of stealing a cade of benrings. 

3 Fart K. Hsk* ti. 

John, or as be was more familiarly called. Jack 
Cade, to whom the foregoing* quotation refers, 
beaded the Kentish men in a rebellion, in tfaeoreign 
of Henry Vltb. and after many cruelties and acts 
of oppression committed by him and his followers, 
lie was slain by Alexander Eden or Iden^ a |[|en- 
tleman of Kent, in whose garden, in Sassex, he 
was found concealed. 
Cadewt (L. ecidens), falling. 

With eadent tears fret channels in her cheeks. 

Cadgy, the cheerful merriment which is induced h^ 
feasting, from the Scotch caigie, cheerful, merry. 

Mj doehter's shovOthers he 'gan to clap, 
And eadgily ranted and sang. 

O. B. Thk Gabbrlvnzu Mak. 

KTYMdCOGIdAi; AMttClllARY. '183 

Caitiff (F. dhetif). This wotd originaily iMAiit^ 
captive^ afterwards a slave, akid by implication a 
pcfrsoD of base character, a villain. 

Htii^ naniben lay 

Spikskr*! F. Quibw. 
f went tolihit ponskloiii Mtt(/d«iitrl 


A coilif lecreant to my^omin HcMford. "" 

K, RiCHABB ii. 

Calcule (F. ealeuler)y to numerate, reckon, or cast 
accounts, so called from the Latin calcuUj small 
stones anciently used in counting' or computing, 
ifom hence is derived the word calculaie. 

. Ttostt in tbe nintt^ ipere considered 1% 
Fnn sOtUly be c«feu2erf aU thii. 


the gfenenil calcule which was made in the last perambi^ktion 

Aseedfd eitht millioni. 

HowitL*8 DonoNA^s GaOTK. 

Caldesbd, a word coined by Butler, signifying^ the 
fraud practised under pretence of divining future 
events, or, in modern language, fortune telling. ' 

Ashamed that men 80 leam'd and wise 
Should be MMef*<( by gnats and Sics. . 

Bati.aa*s Rkmaixs. - 

He stole your coat and pick*d yoor poeket, 
Chotis'd and ealdeaed yon like a btodchead. 


Caiiver (F. calibre), a hand-gun or harquebuse. 

Pat me a «aliMr into Wart*s hand, Bardo^. 
i S Part K. Hbit. ir. 

Callan, of no certain etymology, a lad or stripling. 

The callant gsp'd and ^lowr'd about, 

Bat ao as word oould he log out. 

Raii5AT*b Poxms* 


184 . AAMAS^JIIAL AilP . 

Over rocks can swiftly rin. i 

Callet^ of doubtful derivation, but said to be from 
the French caiMte, a eap worn by coontry giils; 
the word is oted to denote a seold, or a loose or 
infamous woman. 

Gofs IVjB^I and thinks the ealM thos to k^ep the nedeme fro. 

O. P. Gammxr Gvstov'8 Nui^JbC. 

A ^«lk<.ar Vjomdl^si toofnc. 

Wnnvft'i Tau. 

Contemptootts base bora Mifef w she is. 

% Fast BL. Hxh* n. 

Calv'6. See "Cave.'' 

Cameline (F. eamehf), from camel, a stuff origin- 
ally manufactured of silk and caoiels' hair, but 
afterwards wool was substituted for the latter; it 
was subsequently called eameloi and now eamleL 

And anon dame Abstinence streined, 

Toke pp a p-obe o| D«fl|^iifi«, 

And gan her gratche as a Begine. 


Camblot, tbe anqient mme of a to^wn in Soisecset- 
shire now called Camel; it was formerly famous 
for the breed of geese, which were fe^ on the 
adjacent moors. 

Goose, if I bad yo« npon Samn FlaSn, 
I'd drive yon cackling back to Camelot, 

K. Lear. 

Camerade (F. camarade, from L. camera, a cham- 
ber), one that inhabits the same chamber with 
another, a boon companion or bos<M» friend, since 
corrupted to comrade. 

Cammmradu wiib him and confedcrales in his design. 


BTTMOfiOGIOfeC ili€QBI9I«)flLBT. 1 95 

AU in a ailken omiw, '1III7 ^vtiite. 

SHnrsfla't F. Qimsir. 

CAHtBADo (It. ^omttfa), a sudden assault or sar- 
prize of the enemy^ so called from a shirt or 
covering in the form of OBe, worn over armour 
by soldiers, to distinguish them from the enemy. 

Wat I tlds day will lead the forlorn hope, 
Tha eam U ado iliall be givta by me. 

O. P. Taa Four AppRSNTicst or Lomoir. 

CAMOVa (F. camus^, depressed, crooked, flat nosed. 

Boand waa hit flkce and camiMttf hii note. 

CaAvcait*a Miuaa'a Taia. 
Hernoae aomdele hoked 

aKBLTON'a PosMa. 

. • . ...... I : 

Can, a word in frequent use with old .. aulhors for 
'gan, a oontraciion for began. 

Xneli «aib they praise the trees to straight and Ufh. 

armrann^a F. Qubbn. 
And many bards Uiat to the trembUn^ cord 
Cai» tone Uielr thndy Toices. 

GAKAgin {ihedifniftutiveorcan), a mnaU driokiiif 
eaaoreup.- ••-. 'i :- ' ..? 

And let me the canakin. cUnlu 

- .• OraaiMk 


Canary^ % dance having a quick and U^y »easnre^ 
and so called £com iia being a fovourite amusement 
of the natives of the Canary Islands ; also, the 

name of a sweet wine made there, called also sack. 

. • * . I . ■ • ' .' ■ ■ 

And malceyott dance Coiigyy, 

Aix's WaiL THAT Bkos Wsi.1. 

0,1 \aU^t, l^ou l0T*at a cap of Cmuay, 

' Tvsbrtii If imr. 


CANCELLKKft (F. dhifie«Ilor), a tena iqiplied lotiift 
tarniDg of a hawk on the wing, to regain or le- 
eoyer its iK>sitk>n^ after missing its aim in an attack 

• on Its prey. 

Nor with a fidcon fetch a cmweUeer. 

Wbstxe.** Erio. 

Fan iwift the flew, till eooUaf near 

Carthage, she made a chaneeUeer 

And ttien a atoop* 

Cotton'i Viaa..TBAT» 

Candle holdek. Before the introduction of the 
. modern candlestick (derived fh)m the Saxon otm- 
del stieca, and literally a stick so fa&bioned as to 
hold a eandle}, th6 custom was to have the candle 
held by a penojn appointed for that purpose, 
called a candle holder, and hence the term became 
proverbial to signify an idle 8pectat«^.. 

I11bea0«uffeS0Mpr, andlookan. - 


A mmile holder aeM moat of the gtane* 

Kat*! PaoTnaaa* 

Candle waster^ one that consumes candla. by 
sitting up late at night/ generally spoken- of a 
drunkard or spendthrift^ but B.. Jonson so denomi- 
nates a plodding student. 

Fiteh grief with pro¥ertM, inake BiafoctinM drank with, 


I^il'd by a whoreson book worm, %.eQ$tdle watter.. 

Bin Jon80N*8 Ctnthza's ]U¥ii.a. 

• ■ 

Camions or Canons (F. canohy^ boot hose or eakea 
to envelop the legs, a fashion imported from France^ 
and much in vogue in the time of Charles I. See 
" Fort Canon.'* 

fito yttf <iM« ««it.avar lK«*.t» bt lliivt Itii^^ 

0. t^, MtpiiB Jiu$MWMiJ^ tssii^m' WoWmr. 

AAi fs flie nrasfdi.^iii copiqpperfd once 

Now give OB Ivm tat pantakwmH, 

*niB ICBf^ tt braeehCB And of gAfliiiiBy • . ' 

Port ea w Honi, perrhrig^ and ftufhwyi ^ 


Caut (the dimiDutiVe of ean^e),' a corner oi( niehe. 

tlM fini and ptteeiytl pcnm i» IIM Miailt «« fMMt)' dM 
wv plM9d aloft in a run/* ' 



Canticle (S. catUiey, li's^ng or division of a potm). 

The end wVetebrand'dangeroiiB ar^ 
StaaUl^r aaattwr MfiiMt be spavad, ; 

Sruraaa'a F. Qvxnr. 

Cantlib^ a piece of.any thing' having comers or an- 
gles; also, a fragment; derived either firom the 
Datch hant, a corner, or the French' chanid, a 
piece of any thing. The word is used by old 
^writers in both senses. 

For Naitajre hath not taken hia beginning 
Of no pattle ne Mfilef of a thing. 


Sea how thia river comaa me cranUSng in. 
And eata me from the beat of aD my land} ■ 
A huge half moon, a monatrons emUie ont. 


Iha greater emrtfc of thb wQild ia loat 


Cap OF MAiNTENANGE, a cap of a peculiar form, 
borne by an officer of a corporation, on particular 
solemnities, before the mayors of several cities in 
England, and eispecially the Lord Mayor of Lon«* 
don, on his annual procession to Westminster 
Hall to be sworn in office. 


136 • ^ ' A GtOilAltlAL AMB 

and not a cap be niffer'd to be worpi ia my presenee, piay do 
Bot aifc wdd AM wUh my fimner portfny*' 

O. P. Nsw Woin>ak, ▲ Wmiav Nbtbk YiZTr 

Caparison (from the Spanish capiarin^on, a cloak), 
the dress worn by a man. 

I • Willi die and dab I pnxdtas'd this M^MviMMi. 

> PoatyomtbiakiflioiiiMamgiyar i ita irf likeainan, Ihave 

a doablet and bote in mj diqpoettkm, . , 

As Yon List It. 

<^Pl^iu>sw8XE« a word not to be found in any oth^ 
anther but Sutler, and probably one of his own 
coiQiqg.. It is suggested by a late editor of his 
works, that it is derived from the Scotch capper, 
, to lay fast hold of, and dourfte/the leg; it U used 
to signiiy the stocks. 

Tli^ engage teys^td loose 7e» 
! .And free your hfels from oaii«r^eMwitf' , .. 


Capitulate (derived from the 'Latin capui^ 'the 
head), according to its mbderp acceptation^ is to 
surrender, and the terms upon which it is made is 
called a capitulation ; but Shakspeare uses it as 
^'making head^' by confederacy. 

And what say yon to tills ^ Porcy, Northumberland, 

The Archbishop's Grace of Yoik, Uoa^aa, Mortbner 

CtqiUulMe against us and are up. 

1 Part K. Hbn. rr» 

Capochkd (from the French capuce or the Italian 
capuceto), a monk's hood or cowl; also> fb cover 
as with a hood, and, figuratively^ to blind or hood- 

CopstfVtf your rabbins wiUi a synod. 
And inapp'd their caoMis with a ¥^y not } 



CaprioIO (It caprieeio), a treA, whin, orpdd)r 
humour, a fantastical conceit, from whenoe ca- 
priee is derived. 

Will fhis eapricio hold in thee ?— art rare ? 


Qooik Hndilms, lis a eaprich 
Beyond the infliction of a witefa. 

Caprifolb (L. eaprifdiymy, the honeysuckle or 

Wlfli wanton irie twine entraTled atiiwnt^ 
^ ; . And eglantine and c9fTif9l9 wtaaag. : ? : i . . .; ;: r ' ) 

Srvrssa'a F. Qnnnf* 

•.,. ■ ■ ... ■•»■ V ♦ 

Capuccio (It.), a hood, cowl, or capuchin. 

Hist at his bade a hrode tfojNMeis iMd. 
f Ibid. 

Capul (Br. keffel), a horse. 

A sword and a daggrer he had by fafai aide. 

Of many a man the bane; 
And he was dad In a ffopicf hyde. 

Top, and taile, and mayne. 

RoMN Hood and Ovr or GiSMun. 

€AmDiA<».B (F. eardi€§que)f pain or iiidiq(kil^ifidA Of 
ihe heart." ' ' ' 

But wd I wote thou dost my heart to yean^ . , ^ . 
That I kaTC almost cang^ht a conftatfle. 

CffAuena's Dn. of PBtrsicx's TALf • 

Cardicue (a corruption of quart d'ecu), the fourth 
part of a French crown, of the value, says Cot- 
grave, of eighteen pence. 

I ODOld never fknt^er one cardteue of her bounty. 


QiYthtit^eifrdicue, *tis royal paymant. 


Shakspeare gives the true spelling- 
sir, Ite a ftMrl 4*0011 he Witt atUtte fee simple of his salvation. 

All's Will tiat £nos Wbll. 

CUiii|CM.Yt' (F« ctfnsttp), a^ daoee by ntapy persons; 
«lt(H a Chriitnias tumg or earol. 

Many careUyM and grete daiVMirffii^ . * 
On evoy side he beide axni^mf . 

Sia Ci.xoB8r 

t^o ni^ is ttoir witli hywi or cand bleat 

MiDS. Night's Bbbamv 

Cark (S. ajLrc\ care, anxiety. 


His heavy bead, devoid of careM car<r. 

Carkanet (F. ^wvcm), ft obaio for the neck, a neek^ 
laee nade of jewels or precious stones. 

CiuMliaiiei, hong AUI of spafkUnif ramiiMff,. 
i(fe not Cm tnn adornaieAta «f a wife. ' 


I beqpoke thee, Lnee, Kcarkaneidv^ 

O. P. 'nss Loflrooiv PBODiajaTr 

Say that I lincer*d vith yottat yoorsMPr 
To see the nuddng of her carkanet, 

CoMBDT OF XBmoas. 

(C^W (S. O0pri), a rustic or mser, bitt VosuiAly mMn- 
in^ a rough uncivilized or boorish maOi aowt de- 
nomiaated a cfttir{. 

His knava wis a stroog corf for the nones. 


' Vo oo^iea to AdtomBf Ho wdkddfist raear ' 
Love's mystie lore.- 

Or colli Oils W4 

A very drudce of Nature'Sa haive subd a ed me. 


Carlin (from e^rie), a contemptuoas appellal^oo 
for a women. 

fitintewJiii: PUnotheare 
Confifea har/iantaB. •■ 

B. Jonson's Kaoitbtic iuLsr. 


Carlot (firom earl), a nulio ; ' m tins sense only ^doeit 
Shakspeare use the word. 

He hath booglit the eoltege and the boanda 
Tluiee theoM MHMoaoe yna mMter of^ 

As Teir EiiB^r;^ 

Carp (Lu earpo), to cavil or find faulty and formerly 
also sig^nifying to jest. 

Bi f clovrahijp thea oonld ilielangli and e^fpe, 


HU Aonth a polsoiioiis qoiTer, where he hidea 
Shatp TOKMi'd anowa, wbkh Jiia Utter toain* 
Wih iquiha carpi, jeatt, unfo their oloects gviOtt^ 

. rL««OMSa*i POER^S ImAsd^ 

TUi your all UotaiM fool 

DoOi hourly Miy and quarrali, breakiBC fbrtk ' 
la xink and not to be fBdnrad vlot. 

S. tMB. 

Carpbt KNIOHT8, an order of kni; hthoodi called 
' knigkts of the carpet, was ipstitoted ip the reigih 
of Queen Mary. Mr. Anstb is of opinion that 
ihey were a spedes of knights of the bath without 
any additional title» and that '' carpet knitffats,'^ 
was not their proper name, but given them .by the 
popular voice, from the honour being conferred od 
members of the ctorical and other peaceable pnn 
..^si^ipns; both the order and the knights were the 
pbj^t of contempt and ridicule by the writers of 
the period of its institution. 

• ,, __- You are women, 

'.-- OratthebestlooaeeaiyetiMrA^ 

MAtsiireaa'a Maid ov Rovoub. 

Kow looks my master Just like one of our carpet knigkiM, only 

lie is somewhat the honester of the two* 

Q. P. Tbs. Donkst Whor&i. 

Carqchs. See ^^ Coach^V, , : . 

142 . .' . A OUamABflAL iUHDj 

f J . 

CAjatsbu^ dittMifg^UhiDg jnarks of dMtacttor; an 
inscription or thingp written. . 

A tokcoi of ABtielttiit tiMf K 

Hii MrrMlw bdac HHidt «M»i-atw. 

CHAircKft*8 Plowman*! TAUk 

It was by necromaiicy, 

By gttf eefey md conj a w ttf oa, ' 

8Ut&T0V*l BOBMi. 

•— -~— Even so may Angelo 

taaU his dnHii«i| eteracte» tit]M» lonM» 

Be an arch viUain. 

BCiAtims vos JtaAfVKB. 

Carry coals. This phrase ngnified the hearing of 
lajuries or affronts with patience^ and was indi-* 
cative of a cowardly disposition ; it is to be found 
in the old writen long previoM to tte reign of 

, Charles L up to which period it remained in use, 
but afterwards appears to have beoQ discqntinu^. 

. The origin of it is lost in obscurity. 

TMm hMd, Sir Pnntarvotoj what you dO} he*n Haf m cooAk 

BvsRT Man Ovt vt Hti ttotMivi. 

ilOMl Tit triN baed 7o« «wt«ar %y BO aaaVi bfwllQC yMHr oW4» - 
. for ttait may breed a quarrel j above all things yoa must tvrrji no 
evSli. ;■.-'• w 

O. p. Mat Day. 

: ■■ ■ . ■ I . . . I 

We will bear no coah, I warrant yon. ' 

• ; ■ ' Kash^ Kay* mnm V«« to 


Cartkl (F. eardvette), a light vessel of sinaif 'l^lur- 
then, formerly used by the Spaniieurds and Portu* 

8lieinay8pawMelMr«iiaenaBdher1x>nnctB, stiilMher 
iaainpettico«laaiidy«keiit8alIine> t a» a oaroe/ to her. 

— *^>—- R did BM food 

To see the SpanUh MTMi VBlllwr ttp 
Ihito mym^den Sac* 

Bmtwwt^ fkiB VUHb or •■^tl^Bav* 


GA'RWiTcanET^ of QueertaiD deriyati«ii« a mHm dr 
xrotchet, or probably a speeiefl of wit of tfaeeoBun- 
drum kind or play Bpoii words. 

He has all sorta of eeboM, rataaca, ac baaides carwUeheis, 
nHnahiw, aodqulbblaa. 


- Hial^ one of Master Idtllewif a cmmpUeAett, now. ' 

. , . . B. 4ovaaii> RAmxtuthouMw Fair* 

Ca^KHATiV .('* e&o^fiuile), the loop hoteof a fbtiified 
place from whence shot is discharged, or ia forti- 
fication, a place in a ditch made tbr the purpose 
of annoying the assailants. 

Our cMenuUeg, cavaliers, and countoacaipa 
Aiv wdl snryey'd b^ all our engineers. 

O.P. Thb Foub ArrBBimcas ow Loivooir. 

CMVOqK (F. eaaaque), a loose coat, formerly woiyi 
by s^ldiera 

ria win never come wiUiin fhe sign of it, the sight of ft 

' * 'iiinirt, or ia nrasfcet-reat again. 

Stkat ICan Iv His Hviuvb. 
' •• ' . -I ■ ' ■ ' • ■ ■ ■ ■ 

Hidf of the which (<. «. soldiers) dare not shake the anow Srooi 

aSFfhalF aasMttlaf leat^ thc^ shake Wiewartres to ]^ecea» 

• All's Wbl& that Biros Wbll. 

C^fltV,^ t(:^ purpose, , to contrive ; thus, to tasA abwdf 
is to s^k oot means, to accomplish any thing: in 
tluf^sense the word is now rarely used. 

We schall hit make as we hit found. 
For we beth nuuBooiis qneint of ca^$, 


Then closely as he might he'casf to lea;Te 

The conr^ Ste. 

SsKiraiB's F. Qpjuw* 
i ' ' • ■ -•■' 

As afooE, with hotparsoit 

Chas'd tkaaogk* wiorsB, oasi ahoaS 
To save hia credit. 


CAStlctET (O. F.), a small «acCle or tittet on ibe 
walls of fortified places. 

Whilottw— ByaeiildymtaMwa j , 
With seven soudaiks beeet, 
WtU ttid gate, and eaUetet. 

Rom* ow tmm flraoi ftAsifc 

Casting bottle, a bottle containing (petinwaed 
water, used at the toilette, and particularly by 
' liarbers to «noint the hair Wd beard ^ their 
-' customers. 

WhyiB&erenotaenshion^othofdn^RmirDik. . 
Or some fair cut Work pin'd iq» in my bedf ctandltery 
A silver and gilt c<M^^te«l0h«mfb|r*tr . i 

O. P* WomN BlITAftB OV WOMXir. 

Now as sweet and neat aa a barber*8 etuHug Mile. 

Induction fo O.P.,ov Avrono 
AND Mbllida. 

'Catadupe' (V. eatizdcupe), a' catArabt or Ml of 
water, more especially applied to the Mils of the 
Nile and also to the inhabitants neiar theiQ, who 
tire said to become deaf from the constant noise. 

As I remember the Sgyptlaa caUubipea never heard thfi xotilac 
oC the IbH q{ Kilos, because the noise was so ftmiliar to them. • 

O. P. LlNOVA. 

• Cataian, a native of China, Cataia being* ih^ 'old 
' name given to China; but the word signifies a 

sharper or ingenious thief, the Chinese being sup* 

posed adepts at trickery. 

I vriU not believe snch a Caiaian, though Uie priest of tiM 
town commended bhn for a true man. 

MsRBT WivDS OP Windsor. 

Catapitce (F.), an old name for two species of 
plants, the palma ehrisli and the garden spurge; 
the former called the gpre^ter and the latter the less. 


^ ell of eUebor tlut growetk tliere^ 
Of eatt^^e or of galtre borlet. 

CaAsrosR'B Nomnw Pribst's Tali. 

CATCt ^L.Ofi<aUa), valoable things, of whatever de« 
. scription ; ^oods, and sometimes Qi^nifying njiooejT/ 

or provisioQ. The law term cM^I : hft9 still the 

fame meaning. 

SwUke fowale m we boofiit Testerday 
?^ no eaM gete I may. 

Ron. ov Bicii. CcBvm bb tiby. 

Al her ca#9/ then was tpcnt. 


CAtmi OouviN, a corruption of the French qwUf^ 
wimn, and generally mentioned in ridicule of the 
folly of claiming remote consanguinity. 

Hit mMter, lald he (laying your worship's rererence), they 
fure soarce eater coutint, 


Catu (Goth. hate)i yiands^ or food of a delicate ^ 
lasle iM^d Mvour. 

Ify super dainty KatCi for dainties are all eetee. 

Taming or a Sbbbw. 
Ihe devest eaUe are best. 

BvaTON's Anat. op MslanobolY. 

Cat in pan. To turn cat in pan is a proverbial 
expression, signifying a changing sides in religion 
or politics. It has been suggested that it should ' 
, be cate^ the old word for cake^ which, being baked 
and consequently turned in the pan, aptly eluci- 
dates the meaning of the proverb. 

Damon smatters as well as he, of craftie phllosophie. 
And ean toume ca< ffi Me jMMifM very pretilie. 

O. P. Damon and Pttbias. 

t46 ^ Jk «i4MMARiJU. Mm 

IIHieft Qeovge te pwUfaig' ttee MUi o Vi^ 

And modffvte menlocdc'dliigrt itaf} 
f Imtw'iI • emi ii^pan once more. 
And so becanye a Whig, tir. ■ ^ 

Old Soira, "nnr TicAm or ^iuLT. 

CATtlNC^ff (i. e. eai'lines), tHe strings of a vibliki or 
' liite, tfaey^ being Ibrmerly made of the intestirol Of 
a cat, and usually called cat-guL 

Whatmulck theae wilt be in him alter Hecjtor baa knocked 
. oi|t his brBi^s I know not, but I am tore none, anleaa Um 
liddler ApoUo get big sinews to make eatlingM ot, 

Troi. Am ChuesaiDA. 

CUtovr (V.acketery^ a caterer; one who buys or 
provides food and other necessaries for any piiUic 

A gentile manciple there waa of the temple. 
Of which ail catours might taken ensample. 

Cbavcsb's Pro. to Tna Mamcipui's Tals. 

Catso (It. caitare), one who^ obtains money or 
other goods by fraud or begging. Catzerie is the 

And 80 cunningly temperize with this cunning eaito, 

O. P. Wnr BseuiLED. 

. Who when he speaks, grunts like a hog, and looks like ona 
that is employed in catzerie. 

0« P. Thx Jaw OP ICausa. 


CAVAI.IBR (F.), sometimes called a double bastion, 
,is« in fortification, a mound. ;0f earth raised io a 
fortress to mount a piece of ordnance^ to oppose 
the enemy's approi^hes. ' 

Our. casemates, cavaUen, and coanterscaipa 
Are wdl annrey'd, &c» 

. O. P. Tna Four AppRawTicss of Itoypox. 

BT¥M»Jb06ICM. Bf CtMilAET. i4t 

Cavalibh (F. ea mli er), in its original sense meant 
a borseman, and by implication a gentleman ; as 
a^ adjective^ it denoted tbe qualities of coarage, 
]oyalty» and fidelity^ mixed with a degree of 
haughtiness; according* to this difinitionit became 
tbe party distinction of the royalists in the time 
of Charles tbe First, in contrtuiistinctioil to the 
Roundheads^ a name given to the republicans and 
levellers of that period: tboujEifh obsolete as to its 
.primary signification, it is still in use to express an^ 
arrogant, haughty, or supercilious demeanour^ 

For who is he whose chin is but enxiohod 
Witb one appearing^ hair, that wiU not follow 
Tliese colled and choice dmwn eamtUen to France i 

K. Hnr. ▼. 

fte a byte r Hollis the first point shoidd <Amr, 

The second, Ck)ventry the cawMer, 

4Llf Or tfABTSU.* 

jks fit, as when at first they were, 
Reveal'd against tbe eaoaiier. 

Cats (V.eaver), to hollow, a word still used in the* 
Midland Counties to signify the fissures made in^ 
the earth by the separation^^of its parts ; and in this 
sense it illustrates a passage in Milton which has* 
been misunderstood. 

The grassy clods now ealv*ti now half appear'd 
The tawny lion. 

Pab. Lost. 
Under a steep hill's side it placed was. 

There, were the mouldering earth had caved the hank. 

SpiNSBB'a F. "QOTair. ■ 

Gaviare (It. eaviere), a delicate dish, made of the 
roes of the sturgeon and other fish. This foreign 
doUcacy is much ridiculed by the old dramatists^- 


%4i // ak .€L08SAIUAf. UUi» < 

A maa can icaict iijat on a tockt ip CUV* 

A button'd frizado suit; scarce eat good mMita, 

AnehoTieaf caviare, but ha*! tatifeed. 

O. P. What You Will. 

Come, let ra go and taste some light dinner, a diA of diced 
caw'or^ or so. 


To fead on cweare and eat anchoriei.. 

O. P. Thb Musbs' Looking Giojs. 

Paudate (L. caudcUus}, having a taiL 

Hovr comate, crinite, caudaii stars are fram*d. 


Cautkl and Cautelous (O. F. cautelle), a wile- or 
' deceit, a crafty device or endeavour at cousefia^e, 

and sonietimei it is used to express catitioit or 


Perhapi ha lorti 70U now, 

And now no soU or eautil doth betmirob 



BwMT priests and cowards and men eauteUmt* 

Jul. Casar. 
Your son 
Will or exceed the common, or be caught 
With cautelotu baits and practices. 

CoaioiiAWiys* ' 

Cendall (F. cendai), a rich silk. 

Of cloth, oftarse (t.^. tarsus), and riche ceniia//. 

Guy OF WARWieCv 
lined with taiGitta and with sendaU. 

Chaucbr's Pao. to C. T*. 

Censer (F. encenaoir)^ a vessel full of holes from 
whence incejiise issues ; a perfuming* pan^ anciently 
used by barbers to dry their cloths and perfume 
ibeir room. 

Like to a c0»M0r in a barber's shop. 

Tamino of a Shbbw. 

J. Of incense cloudy 

Fmnlnsr flron golden centert. 

CmHBVWm (O. F. een9mre), in Us prinitive meouttg; 
implies advice, opinion, or judgment. 

But from yonr eenntre shall I take mach care 
To adon it wiib the ftiseat ornaments. 


MMtanir the kiiEiff-1s old moayh to give Ma i 

S Past K. Hbh. vt. 

Madam, and yon my mother, ^rill yon go 
To give yonr e mm ret on this weighty matter. 

K. Richard hi. 

Cbrkmemt (It eeramenki), cloth prepared witill 
melted wax, and wrapped round a dead body pre* 
yious to interment. 

i<et me not burst in.ignorance, bnt tdl 

Why thy canonie'd bones, hearsed ia earth. 

Have burst their ceremeii$s f 


Cbrtes (F. certes), in truth, certainty. 

For eertet these are the people of the island. 


Cmies, sir knight you're been too much to bUoi^ 
Thtu for to blot the honour of the dead. 

SpmsBR's F. QirBSN. 

Cb8« (P. eessi^), ceasing^, staying, pausing'; thus, 
9an8 cease is without stay, continually, excessWely, 
and in this sense Shakspeare uses the word. Cot- 
g^ave defines it to he out of all cesse and cry. In 
Todd'jfc edition of Johnson, the nficaning' of the 
word has been misunderstood and a^ wrong defini- 

tion given. 



I pr'ythee, Tom* ]t^t Catt's saddle, put a few flocks in the 
point 3 the poor }ade k mung in the withers Qut of aU ceu, 

I Pak7 K. Hsn. IV. 

For Ditozal MfecHqs toon doth etue, 

S>9il««»*s F. QintBK. 



J -< . flB;«uuva0A^nuHi^^«Hi^ ; • i 

Chavb (F. edumfer), rage, anger, Imi, Ivy, 

Wlien his hot rider sponred her cA««f#M sides. 

arsMSBB's F. Quxnr. 
But here eometti Epi in a pett&n; cA^/!; . 


Mj hoslMBd will not r«s}oioe so modi at the akasa of Fidstaf^ 
4M ha win dka/e at the doctor's marrying: my daughter. 

MiaaT WiYxa or WiinraoB. 

I dUi/e yoa if I taixy, let me go. 

TAMiiro or a Shbxw. 

Chaffare (from the Saxon chepe faring}, trading*, 
buying, bargaining. It is sonietimefl put for the 
thing bought or exchanged. 

And with his wife he maketh feste and dieer, 
. Aiidtcllcth her that the dkforeia dear. 

Chavcbr's PARnoNCR's Tali. 

Approaching nigh, he never staid to greet 
Ne. eAi|/er woads. 

8fbx8br*8 F. Qvmmx^ 

Chaffing (from chaff , the husks of com), light idle 
talk or conversation. The members of the prize 
ring, or the Fancy as it is called, have adopted 
this word and applied it in their cant language te 
signify the same thing. 

At the end of the Strand they make a ttand. 

Swearing that they are at a loss ; 
And, cht^ng, say, that's not the way. 

They must go to Charing Cross. 

TBI Do WNFALC or CHARDro Cioss. 

Chaffless, without chaffy which is the explanation 
given in Toad's edition of Johnson'^ Dictionary; 
but may it not be chafferlek^, without price or in- 
valuable* To fan (which probably suggested the 
idea of chaff) is undeiib>od in the Midland Coon- 


l^s to meftD pimishment. The quotatioD wtU \Mt 
either seDse. 

' Hie love I bear him 

Made me to ftm yon thus; bat the gods made you 

Unlike all other ehafleu, 


C!hain8. The stewards of noblemen and peirsont^ it 
large estates formerly wore chains of gold or other 
Talnable metal as part of their insignia of offlee ; it 
afterwards became the fashion for gentlemen of 
rank to wear them, and the practice is still oon- 
tinned by the lord mayor and aldermen of London, 
and other corporate bodies. 

Call in my diief gentleman i* tfa* goU ehaimt «tpedite. 

O. P. A Mad World Mt MA8T>aa, 

Doft thou think I shall become the stewards' ekainf WiU not ' 
ttiese slender hanndies shew well in a ehainf 

Beaumont and FuM'GBm's Mabtial Maid. 

Chains were also worn by barber sargeons and 
tooth drawers as insignia of their professions. 
Mr. EHis supposes the chain was composed of th^ 
teeth* tbey bad extraeted. 

Why shewest thou thy teeth' to me > 

I n'am no tootti drawere; 

TliAi ne seest me no chain wear. 

Sir Otvsx.. 

Chair day, thd evening of life ; that time of life 
which, from its advanced season and consequent 
infirmity, is chiefly passed in ease and indulgence. 

When sapless age and weak miable limbs 
Shonkl bfiaf tftf father to his dooping ehair, 

1 Part K. Han. ri. 

And hi tSiy lertreBce and thy c^s^ Aiyt tha» 
Todieinruffubatfl^ . _ 


C^HAisBL (O. P. dutiid), an npper ganMBt to eorer 
the whole body. 

fithe had on a pilche of price* 
And a ekaiael thereon 7-wls. 

Rom. of m Sbtbn Saobi. 

Chamber (F. chamber), a small piece of ordnance^ 
used on days of public rejoicing, calculated to 
make a loud report ; they were formerly ufed in 
theatres to imitate the noise of cannon. A dbam- 

. ber is also that part of a mine wherein the powder 
is lodged, and in this sense Shakspeare uses the 

To come off the breach \ritii his pike bravely bent— to veatan 

upon, tike charged ehan^ert bravely. » 

S PAar K. Hur. if. 

CHAifFRED (O. F. ehanjrain), made into fBrrows, 
hadented, wrinkled. 

Comes the breme ^winter witli cAoni^etf hrowB, 

' ^'nU of wrinkles. 

SriNsxa's SasPHiaD's CALsmsAB. 

Qbampertt (from the French dtamp, a fields and 
parti, divided), the maintenance of an^ one ni a 
suit on condition of having part of the land or 
goods when recovered, as a consideration; sup- 
porting or upholding a person in a quarrel. 

Ne may witili Vcnas hold cft«MN|N>rli^ 
For as her liste the world may she gie. 

Chavcvr's Knioit^ TAMMw 

Sleif ht or en^e force or felony, 

Ar ne too feeble to hold a ehamperty 

Ayenst txoutii. 

CHAucna's FLOuas and Lbafb. 

CHANcnsLiMQ (from V.ehcmjger)^ one child exchanged 
for Miother. The word arose from a superstitioui 


notion that the ftdriee steal away children and 
sapply their place with others ugly or stopid ; it 
is also used to signify an idiot or natural fool. 

^ad h«r base ellln breed ^ere for thee left : 

Such men do changelings call. 

8PSN8Ba*8 F. CMtmx* 

And span long elves that dance about a pole. 
With each a Uttle channeling in her arms. 

B. Jo&'soN*s Sad SnrwiAO* 
It vas told I should be rich by the faitLes— 

Vblt is ionw ehutgeUmg* 

WiKTia's Tali. 

Changelk^ and fods of heaven. 


The figure of the changelings as exhibited in the 
early dramai is depicted in a curious print prefixed 
to a collection of droles, published in 1672, by 
. Robert Cox, which gives a view of the stage of 
the Red Bull Theatre, in 8t. John's Street, the 
only known representation of the interior of a 
theatre cotemporary with Shakspeare. 
CHjjnrPLXVRs (F.), a word signifying to sing and 
weep at the same time. 

I iisirf as doth the aong of chtmtpkmf^. 
For now I pleine and now Iidey. 

Chavcbr's C0MP1.AIMT OF Q. iUmauB^. 

Chaps (F, Aa/fe)^ the catch of any thing by whieh 
it is held in its place, as the point of a bnckle or 
the hook of a scabbard. 

nds is Monsieur Panolles, that had the whole theory of the 
mr in the Imot of his scarf and the practice in the chape of hif 

A&L*s Will that Ends YfmhU 

CHAPMAN (S^ceopmon), a bargainer, one who bnyi 
4f ebeepeoi any tliii^ 

164 ik flUMti^BIMi <IMir 


Dingnise the thing you do intend to Iwgr. 

'Taoi. jji* 9mmamMu 

Beuity it bought by judgiement of 11m eye^. 
Not utterM by base sale of chapmen* 8 tongnet. 

IiOTB'ft Labolk Lost. 

Chare, of uncertain etymology (probably from the 
Saxon care, care, or the French charge, business), 
a task of work, a job by the day. A chare woBian 
IS still a term for a female so employed. 

Set het to her chare work, huswife, for your bread. 

O. P.'Tbs Honsst Whobi. 

One took t!ie shape of an old lady*s cook once, and dispaftcb'd 
two akarm on b Sunday morning. 

Middlbton's Gamb at Cbbss.. 

Aid when thou hast done this chare, 1*11 give thee iMvt 

Ant. and Clbopatba. 

(Charlatan (F.) a quack doctor, a mountebank, 
an ignorant pretender to knowledge. 

For charlaiatu can do no good 

Vnless they're mounted in a canwd. 


A oowanUf soldier and a charlatanical doctor are Ow psSne^U 

subjects of comedy. , 


Charles' wain (Goth. Karlwagn}, a vulgar and 
-ooiTupt name given to the northern constellation. 
' Ursa M^jor; chorl or churl (S. ceorl), a coontry- 
■mn, is the word intended. 

Ftom the unbounded ocean and ccdd dimes. 
Where Charles hia wtUn circles the uorthcm pole. 

O. P. FviMus Tbobs. 
Come, follow me, I haye Charle»*$ vain below in a butt of sack. 

O. P. Thb Mbbrt Dbtii. of Edmohtob. 

Ckarneoo, the name of a sweet wine ;• and Ohamiea 
being the Spanish name for the twrpentine tiee,. 


Bt. Wasborton rappoaefrit («^be|>rodneed ibvcmi^. 
district in which those trees abound, or pcobaMy 
from possessing^ the flavour of that tree. 

Itm ii iml s, a pottle of Gredc wine, a potUe of Peter see meene, 

a pottle ciChttmico, &c. 

O. P. TBS HoNSBT Whors, S Pabt, 

Here, neighbour, hare*8 a cap of Chameco. 

2 Part K. Hair, n, 

C^HARTEL' (F. cartel), a challenge to fight in sipgle 

,An4 aa to peacJnrM Dnke of Luieagtar 

Their cartel of defiance they pr^ere. . , , 

Oan»l*8 ClYfl. Wabi. 

Chief of domestic knights and emn^ 

Either for chartel or for warrant. 

HuDUBaa» > 

Chart (S. cearig), wary, cautious, careful. 

The charier maid is prodigal enough 

If Ae unmask her beauty to ^e moon. 


Tet I am cAwy too who comes shoot me. 


Eldib Brothkb. ^ 

CBAtT (F. €kastier\ to beat, chasten, or correct, 

. By your scourge, he said in haste, 
That he wol you bete and chast. 

Ron. OF K. Alisavubbs. 

I that other folks ehoitie woU not be tan^it. 

Chavcrb's Rou. or thb Rosb. 

CttAtTliL [see " Catel ^'], a law term^ signifying 
all goods moveable or immoveable. 

I wiU be master of what is mine own} 
l^e is my goods, my chattels. 

Tamuto or. A S«bbw* 

Honour's a lease for lives to come. 
And cannot be extended from 
Ihe lfl«aHMMUKt— *tfs a dkmtta 
Hot to he iioifiltwt hi battles 


1S6 A «J/»8AR1AI. AHA. 


Ckaworon (Goth, kuidron), the •ntmitoiir itoiiiicb 
.«(a beast . 

Add thereto a tyger*s cAmotfrofi, 
7or tbe ingredteati of our otaddroht 

Sheepa' heads win itay with thee N- 

YeSt sir, or ckwkhront 

BsAVMONT Airo Fumnm's 
Km Va&opk. 

Chiap or Chepe (S. teap), a bargain or purchase. 
Cbepe and cheplng are the old words for a ouurket 
where thingfs were bought and sold, from whence 
the names of several places where markets were 
held are derived ; as, Chipping Barnet, Chipping 
Wyckham, Cheapside, Eastcheap, &c. 

Till he copie to a ehqpin^ town. 

There Sir Amys the bold baron 

Was duke and UT*d in londe. 

Amts and AmiovM, 

For as a spaniel she wol on him lepe, 

Till that she Ande som man that wol her chepe, 

CHAPcaa's Pro. to tbb Wifb or Batb. 

Cheat bread, a diminutive of mancheat (F, mt- 
€hette)y a small loaf, made of fine flour. Todd 
strangely derives it from (nchet, bought breads as 
distinguished from coarse bread made at home. 

The loaf looks very like bread, i* fslth s but why is it called 
tike eheate toafef 

RowuLiMi ako Middlston's Fairs QuAnKM. 

Without French wires; or cheat bread, or quails, or a Uttle dof, . 
or a gentleman usher. 

O. P. Eastward Hok, 

Checklatoun (from chequer ^ variegated), a stuff 
made, or the colours disposed in chequers, or 

Of Bruges were his hosen browBe» 
His robe was of ^kehUwn* 
• • CoAucaa's Rhiiui ow Sik Tbotas. 

Biit^im ft jadcet ^ottted rksbly ran 

Vpon checklatoun, he was strannr^y dif ht. 

SrmsBWn*9 9, QtfMlr. 

Check rolx, the roll or book containing tfaenmnes 
of the king's household servants, or that of any 
other great person; it should properly be called 
the chequer rolU derived from exchequer. 

A common waiter in mgst prince's oonrte 

'iHes-isk the cheek rM. * 

O. P. Antonio ano Muuni. 

t • 

Cheek by jowl^ an old phrase slgni^yiii^ olpse 
connexion, proximity^ side by side: still in use by 
the vulgar. 

And by him in another hole 
Afflicted Ralpho, cheek by jowl. 


The cobler, smith, and botcher, that have so often sat snoring 
eheek bgjowl, 


Cheer (O. F. chSre), an old word signifying coun- 
tenance or complexion. 

The ladye is nxtf in the chere 
And made bright in the lere. 



All ftmcy sick she is and pale of cheer. 

Mios. NiGHT*s Driam. 

Cherisauny^e (F. cherir), comfort, support. 

]f or I ne knowe no cherietaatce 
That fell into my remembrance. 

Chaucbr's Rom. or tin Ro«r. 

Chevachie (F.), an expedition of cavalry. 

He had been sometime in cheiuichie 
In Flanders, in Artois, and in Picardie. 


Cheveril (O. F. chevrd), a soft leather made of 
the skins of goats; the word is figuratively used 

158 A eixMMAaiAi. ^Amm 

to denote an easy yielding^ dflqpOBHion or pliable 

As if the innocency of those leather priaoBi shoalA <iip— gj 
%lth the dIeMHI tohscieHces of the iron hearted jafUMrs. 

O. P. Old FoBmrAtcn. 

A sentence is but a eAeoeri/ glove. _ 

Twkvna Itf oitt. 

No toiiBh hides limiting oar ehevtril minds. 

O. P. Chabot, Admibal op Fkancb. 

Chevisaunce (F. chevisancty, enterprize, achieve- 
meiit; atso^ a bargain or agreement for a loan of 
money €fr settlement of accounts. 

And needes must he malce a ehevUaunce, 
For he was bound in a recognizance. 

Chaucbr's Pardokxb*s Talb. 
Ferdy not so, said she, for sluunefal thing 
It were to Abandon noble c^evi»0unee. 


Child (S. did). This \i^ord^ 4Bpw cotifined to the 
young of either sex^ was formerly appropriated to 
the male sex exclusively, and at one time to 
females only. Thus the boys of the Chapel Royal 
were called the children of the Chapel Royal; and 
Shakspeare, in the Winter's Tale^ says — 

Mercy on*s ! a bearne, a very pretty beame : 
A boy or child I wonder. 

it also denoted a youth of noble extraction and 
sometimes a knight. 

The child of EUe to his garden wente. 
And stood at his garden pale. 

O. B. Thb Child op Ellb. 

Every knight had after him riding 
Three henchmen, each on him a waiting : — 
And every child wore of leates grene 
A i6Uaplet. 

ChAiFGJBK's FLdinui Aste LsiiM. 

BTYMOfcOGlCt*^ WKftimHAnr. 159 

Under his dab with wary boldness went. 

Chims (ihiii kimey, the projectingf 8taye» at either 
end of » barrel or tub. 

And ever sith hath so the tappe 7-rpnne» 

TBI that almost aU empty is the tonne ; 

The streme of life now droppeth on the ckifnbe. 


Chimera. (L.chimcsra), au imaginary mQuster^ ^^P* 
posed to have the head of a hon^ the belly of a 
gpoat^ and the tail of a dragon. 

Many a centaur, chimera, barnacle, crocodile, hippotame, and 
siakch like toys hath he stolen out of the diop of my inyention. 

O. P. Lingua. 

Chikk (Teu. cireken), a harsh and grating noise. 
Chaucer U3es the word both to express a pleasing 
and di9<;ordant sound. Todd says that Dr. Jamie- 
son has overlooked tbe use of the word in Chaucer, 
which expresses the brisk and cheerful note of tbe 
bird, to cbirk or chirp ; and it may be added, that 
Todd has also overlooked the passage in the same 
author, vrhich conveys a diflTerent sense. 

Thi^ fK^fn %riiw9i up ftil cnrtisty. 

And hir embraceth i^ his ^rmes narrow* 

And kisseth hir swete and ekirketh «• a tpcirow 

With his Uppes. 

Cbaucbr's SoifPit6ini*s Taia. 

Conitolce with bloody luli^p awl aMurp* i>9*mo«r 
AU ful of chirking was that sory place. 

CHAucBn*4 Xnmht^ Ta&s. 

Chopine (it. cioppini), a high shoe, or rather a dog 
upon which the shoe rests, formerly worn by the 
Italian won^o, and so high, afi Ton Coriate says 
ii\,ki^ Qim4iii^j U&A^ persons wearing them were- 



obliged to be supported when walking* to prevent 
their falling. 

- Your ladyship is nearer to heavan than whan I law yoa laBt» 

by the altitude of a chopine. 

O 'tis fine 
To see a bride trip it to church so lighUyt 
As if her new cioppinet would scorn to bniisc 

A silly flower. 

O. P. Ram Ai.l«t. 

Chorus. In the early English drama, a person so 
called formed part of the performance, occasional!; 
taking part in the action of the piece, bat gene- 
rally supplying the deficiency of the action by 
iexplanatory matter, or commenting on the charac- 
ters and conduct of the dramatis persons. The 
practice, continued down to the time of Shakspeare, 
who has introduced the character in K. Hef^ V. 

Tor the which supply 

A4mitr ma cAonit to this history. 
y Cbo. in K. Rs}r«.v« 

You are as good as a chorus, my lord. 


Chrisom (Gr.), a white cloth anointed with holy 
unguent, worn by a child during the first month, 
and if it died within that period, its body was 
shrouded with the chrisom cloth; the child also* 
was called a tArisom child. The cloth appears to- 
have been a perquisite of the priest who officiated 
at the baptism of the infant. 

Madam, the preacher 

Is sent fcHT to a churching, and doth ask 

If you be ready: he shall lose, he says, 

ms ehr^Mome else* 

O. P. Taa.Ciry. Maich. 

SSftiff^lMG^At MintMARt. 161 

y ■>!■ 33ioii i|ioul4'4t OQkioin ^y 
TO send for milk for the poor chrisom. 

He inj|4e i^ ^qr end ^d ^e^t away an it ha^ been any ehrUton^ 
cttild. ^ . ; • - 

IS. HV^ ▼. 

€il1|UTM AS hOJVP, a persoxi cho^ep to preside qyer 
the festivities of Christmas-^ of which he wa^ gene'* 
racily the provider; he w&s sometimes called a 
Christmas lord, or the lovd or abbot of misrule^ or 
master of merry dispoi^ts. The custom is said to 
Ve derived from the old Roman Satuxnalia« 

To create ftkt*e ^ Ghrittmat lord, and make tliee ttie ladghter 

O. P. MoNsiBUR D*0lits. 
1^ lov<, is Uf^9f n/ifrule, and kf(q[>e13i ChristmaB in my court*. 


€hry80lit]e: (Gr.)> a precious stone of a dusky 
green* (inclinijiQg' to yellow) coloor. 

• ■ " " ■ Such anathcir world 

Of one wiitive and perfect ehrgwlUe 

ji*d not liave sold her for. 


tfmelitli pait saettM fold, part silver clear : 
If stone, Qarljiuncle most or chayaol^te, 
-•■-■'»■•. Viou Lpt», 

CHtXET, an old word ai^ifying* a sort of forced meat 
of a fat or unctuous nature. Theobald says a 
chewet is a noisy chattering bird; and Stevens 
quotes an old cookiery book, to prove that dhewtta^ 
are hi greasy puddings. In either case the term 
as applied to Falstaff is equally correct. 

Peace, • cheMti, peace. 

\ Part K. Hbn. it. 

Chuff, a word of ne certain etymology, but signi* 
fying a- rough' uneducated clown of portly appear- 



ance, perhaps a yeoman, moderately rich and 
faidicating good living from his bulk, the v^ord 
beings generally used in connexion with the riebes 
or size of the person to whom the term is applied. 
Cotgraye translates joffee, '' Chuffie, fat cheelced/^ 
which seems the proper derivation of the word. 

The eht^f^M crownv 

Iminritoii'd in his trusty chest, mettaiaks 

I hear proan out. 

O. P. Thb Muss's LoonKc-^tiiAS*. 

Bang 7^^ sorbellied knaves, are ye undone i Vo, ye ISst cM^gb, 
I would your store were here. 

1 Past K. Hsm. it. 

Church haw, from the S. haga, a small piece of 
land inclosed^ lying near and appended to a h^ose 
or other building. The church haw is now called 
the church yardi 

And was *ware, withonten donht. 
Of the. fire in the chwnh hawe. 


Church reye, an ecclesiastical ofRcer appointed to 
take care of the church and church yard and things-^ 
appertaimng thereto^ now called a church warden^ 

Of church revet and <tf Ttetftments, . 

Of contracts and lucke of sacraments. 

Cbaucbb. ■ 

Churl. See " CarP' and " Carlot." 

CiERGES (Fr.), wax candles, generally carried m- 

the religious processions of the Roman Catholic 


The eleven thousand maidens dere 
That beren in heaven her eievget clere> 

Cbaucbe's Rou. or thb Rosb. 

Cinque pace (F. cinque pa%), a grave kizid of 


But I fkw thif idle pnte hsjth made me qvtte lbr|it nr 

cinque pace* 

O. P. Trb Hoc bats ftotr Hit PnHH.. 

Wooing, weddinf ,and repeBtiAg» Is a Scotph ji(, a measnre, 

and a' cin^we pace. 

Much ▲do about Nothing. 

Citrinb! (L* ct/rtnu*), of a pale yellow or lemoi^ 

His nose was high, his eyen bright eiirin, 

Hiff lippes rooml, his colonrwas sanguine. 


Cistern (S. cf/terey, a stringed instrument some* 
what liesembling the modern guitar; it was gene- 
rally played upon by courtezans, and was also one 
of the amusements of persons waiting in barbers' 
shDpSy hence it came into dislike and disuse. 

A barber's cttttm, for every serving man to play on. 

O. P. Trb Honbst Whobb, 2 Pabt. 

Tbe^ custom of using them in brothels is alluded- 
to in 6. Jonson's Volpone, where Corrine, in re- 
commending his wife to prostitute herself, requires 
her BB a preliminary step to proeure a cUtemi 

Get yon a ciHim, Lady Vanity. 

B. Jonson's YoLfotn, 

Clachan, a small village having. a< parish church, a< 
term only used in the Scottish dialect. 

The lirst time that he met with me 

Was at thecfoeAoii in Hue west. 

Watson's CoLLiCTioNi 

Tt ken Jodt Hombook o^ the ctadben.' 


C£AN', a. Celtic word signifying a race, family, or 
community in Scotland, particularly applied to- a 
tribe of people descended firom the same common- 
ancestor and bearing the same name ; it is now 

only ttsed to denote a AraternHy of persons united 
imr eyil' purposes. 

They arotind the ftsf 

Of each his faoUon in their several etaru 
Swarm populoas. 

F4«u ton*. 

Clap dish (Bel. klacke), a dish formerly carried by 
beggars, oaade with a moveable cover, so as when 
shaken to make a clapping noise> to excite the 
attention of the passenger and to shew that the 
dish was empty ; it is sometimes called a clack disk 
' and a cup and clapper. 

, A raggped gowne, that trailed upon the groimdr 
A tfM that e<i9<» Wid Vare a kMvy somd; 

GHvaoBTAao'a Challknoi. 

TlMit affnta royaltf rifling from a clnpdish. 

O. J^. Bussr |>'AMB«a». 

Thus Shalt thou g^ begg:ing {^pm house to house. 
With a cup and tlapptr li^e a Lasaitis. 


Clapeii (F. dofier), a buitow for tame rabbits, 
fitted up with cribs for breeding. 

Connies there were also pla3^g. 

That cemea out of her dapersf 

Of soadr^ colours. 

Chavcsr*s Rom. oi* thk ItoMr'. 

C^APPERDUGEoN^ a caot word for a class of beggars,- 

called also by Harman, in his Caveat for Common 

ChirsetorSy pallyards ; they travelled in patched 

doalts and made artificial sores on their bodies to' 

' etcite pity. 

.{ :i-..>> . It is irot tha fft of aelitfygwlay a a i t' 
To strike a man in f];ie street. 

^*'* • O. K O^KOft A iGrRtfUlfK 

What I ft clapperAiigmm! v 

lliat's a good si^ to have the beggar follow him. 

B. Joir«oN'8 arAVtB nw tixwm. 

Clean (S. c2«n«), quite, entirely, completely; ini 
this sense the word is now nearly obsolete. 

A happy gentleman in blood and lineaments. 
By you nnhappied and diafignred clean, 

K. Rich. if. 

Let*8 hew his limbs till tiiey be clean consam'd. 

Tit. ANDaoNicvs* 

CUjbm. {S. daimian% sometimes written €lamyte^ 
starve for want of food, because by famine' tfae 
intestines are clammed or stuck together. 

Hard is the choice, when the valiant must either eat their 

arms or 0/em. 

B. Jowiox'f ErsftT Man Dot wr His Hviiovit*'. 

Whftt { will he clem me and my followers 1 

B. JowtOH'i Foavatml. 

Cbkm (^tkdepian), to call or name^ 

For to the gods I elepe. 
For true record of this my faithM speche. 


Amongst them one ydeped ParideU, 
Hie falsest thief ti»t ever trod on ground. 

O. P. Grim, thb Collisr or Crotdon. 

They elep§ us drunkards. 


Clergyman. In many of Shakspeare^s plays, and^ 
in the other early dramatic writers, a clergyman 
is called 9ir: it was anciently the common desig- 
nation of one in holy orders as well as of knights.. 

Sir, me no nr«; I am no knight nor churchman. 

O. P. Nsw Trick to CxxAt ths Divit, 

Sir Hugh, persuade me not ; I will make a star chamber 

matter of it. 

MiRRv Wivss OF Windsor. 

Clbhk (L. el&neHS^^ This word was anciently ofi' 

16& i M mMiMMAmUikJL JUU» 

.» ( 

very extensive^ import, comprehendijigp ^t first all 
Mieh persons as bore the clerical tonsure or an 
eccle^iaatic generally, and afterwi^nte U tlenote^ 
men of literature or writers by prolesifiom 

But ridi hf m of holy thought aad WW^ 
He ajfo iKM a learned man, a clerk, 

1*11 pay him forty livres by tiie year, 
Villein or elerkf nor think the bargain dear. 

Way's Fabliaux, 'Vhb Fsnsr* 

Clicket (O. F. cliquet), a key or instrttineAt to open 

Save he himself for the small vicjcet 
He bare al'way of a silver clicket. 

CBAucam'B MaitCBANT*! Tam.- 

CtmoH (8w. kKnka)y to bend or double a naiT oft 


A* oiktr side of the board througph which it is 
driven. A word havhsf^ a doaUa Ipowioff'or 
punning ambiguity was called a clinch ; in this 
SQBse it is now obsolete. 

Fuse oUneke* the suburban museaiinrde^ 
Audi Panlon ^mging armleea war wMfa WMtiSb 

Bryoen's Mac Flscknob. 

Here one pow word % huDdnad ^inf^ makes. 

Popk's Duxciao. 

CwNauANT (V.\ glittering or tinsd finery^ 

To4ay thjc French 

All clinquant, all in gold, like heathen |;ods 

Sbone down the BngUsh. 

K. Hbn. Tin. 

Clip (Slclipfanyy to embrace, to enfold in the arms. 

What knpwa the lecher, when h^ clips bis whore 

, Wwthertthfthed^y^. ^ 

O. P. A Mad World Mr Mastbrs.. 

Here VI the lodge tliey meet for damned dipt. 
Those eyes shall see tiie incest of their lips. 

CLP. T«B Aw«iio«ma? 1)KAli9f>r.^ 



OiiOT^iBAV^ ib^ leaf of the b«nioek or^dolbttr. 

A clotle/e he had under his hode, s 

For swette and for to keepe his hede from hete. 

CHiHrcnt'» 'KoNNBs Taui. 

Clotpols (from Bo. Idotte, a mass), a dull stupid 
heavy person, a rustic; now called a clod-boippe|. 

What says fhe fellow there } call the ciotpole back. 

I iriU see you hanc*d lika eMpotta, ^ 

Taoi. AND CRSssnA. 

CLQUt (8. eluf), a small piece of cloth u^ for 
ordinary purposes. 

Anil ii^en die of this bill hlUl taken hed^. 
She rant it all to cl*u#««. 

CbAUCBR*S 1$llRCHAilH^*9 Talb. 

Hit sMftastttnoit^ht bat iiiBur'tagirekl cftMfs» 
With thorns tog^lier pia*d. 

T0 dkMit ^alao meant lo |>ateh or piece any thing, 
as a shoe or a eoaA/%c. 

lliat yong man that hath shoon bought 
And strong leather to do hem cUnU, 

Taix of MBRL»r. 
Can yon eUmi me a payre of botes ) 

Old Morality of Htckb Scornbr. 

And to clout shoes or boots was to strengthen 
them with nails, from the O. F. climety a nail. 

And pttt my glotded bnagues from off my feet. 


The clout (F. chmetle) was also the white mark 
fixed in the butt at which archers shot. 

A' must shoot nearer, or hell ne*er hit the dlout. 

Low's La^ovm, Loar. 

Clovk and Orancs. An orange stulBfbd with 
cloves and roasted made one of the ingfedients of 
a fas^ooable liquor foi!»erly called biAop; .the 

terra is a»ed figparatively to denote clote iMumej 
or strict union. 

>Wlik^ when Queen Dido (fsr ttiese tivo 
•Were glove and orange, you must know). 

•Clown, This word is of uncertain deriTation-; the 
clown of the old comedies was a licensed jester or 
domestic fool^ maintained in opulent families to 
create mirth; in these the gpreatest freedom of 
speedi was allowed to whatever person without 
offence being taken. The character afterwards 
became the Zany of the May games^ morris danceSi 
&c The only traces of the character at the pre- 
■sent time are to be found in the ambulatory Punch 
of the puppet shews and (deprived of the loqua- 
city) the clown of the modern pantomime. 

Not only, sir, this your all-Kceneed/bol, 
But others of your insolent retinue. 

Do hourly carp and quarrel, 

K. Lbar. 

Let those that play the clowns speak no more than is set 
•down for them. 


The fools or clowns of the old drama appeared 
between the acts of the piece exhibited, and 
amused the audience with extemporal wit and 
buffoonery. In the puritanical times of Charles L 
the domestic fool was decried as sinful, and the 
custom of keeping them has never been revived. 
Clubs (BT.clwppa). It was anciently the custom 
upeii any civil commotion in the streets to cry for 

e\yMh '4j tv the assifetmtk^ of t^ cMt inMre^ ;' ^ 
word was used in eoii8e<][tteiiee oFtbe.peace ofllcen 
hm^^mmed. with elvbs or tiaves for the main- 
, „tMai»oe 0( geod»ofder» A staff is still llieiiliaignat 
oC aycpnsUbfe, - . . .•.:/ ,' ■ . . .rr ... : 

,^, I*U'<»aU Hoc tfli»i*|f.yoa will «wit away'. . . '» ; 

1 Par* E. Hnr. fi, 

!l iiiM*a liM meteor o&ee attd hit tlHA wointa, ivi« oi^ 
club*. ^ . , ., 

' ''■ K. Hxil. nii< *' 

CttM (S, clumidn), kn interjection signiQriii^ be 
* siletit, siknilaar to' tlie morcMnbdem word'tA^m. 
Tymfaitt thinks it denotes the mamblibg ii6ito, 
fnUuiUkhe, fiMlrn^iira>*^/ which is made by a con- 
jgfregfation accbmpanying prayers wbidh they cati* 
not pelrfectly repeat. 

'' Vow, Filer iioetar,«lwii^dNlcbolft7, ' 

And clum quocl Johan, and chtm said Alis<M^ , 

ChAVCIR*S ]i4lI.I.BR'8 Ta». 

Clutch (S. gelteccan), to ^rasp with the band^ to 
donUe the ist. * 

Not that I hate the plower to ehttch my hand. 

•'*'•' K. John. 

For pattiiigf 'the hand in the pocket and extracting it clutched. 

■i . MsAsimi rOnMRABim. « 

CoACHi:(F.. eaehe). This yehicley was introduced' 

' Juto Kisi^land as early as the reign of Queen ^Elisa- 

heih, and. long prior to that time carriages under 

the different denominations of chairs^ cars^oarodie?, 

and wUrlicotes were used by the gentry. 

Kay, for a need out of his easy nature 


'Shidl I not Uc in ptoUjBhiiiif ft tn^ ? 

• . -.ti; -jtlJ vl ''if.' . '.. ' ■• *tmbi,'ijamQM, 

tenenient situated in Allballows, tke leti IxNidt^D, 
in the jtiijEKp of Richard III. 1485, the property of 
the HerOflk' doUe§;e> and afterwanto e^ Tonstal, 
Bishop of Loiui(Mi, and the Earl of Shrewabary; 
^ it;9ras>.sub6equeotly pqlleddown and small houses 

• • • • - - 

. buUt on the sit^, J?rom Tarions fum^^, in ihe 
. early dramai it appeals to have been a place of 
sanctuary, a priyileg^ livhieh it deriveil IfQin ,jts 
h«viof been an episcopal residence. Like the 
Fleet prison, it was a place where,^ pfeyious to the 
marriage act, the. rites of matrimeay wese pef- 
foriyied without authority and regardless of the 
legal forms. , 

'*Life they may do any fldng thttp, imftn, and fear 'n^it^er 
beadle nor Bomnour; an nnde's house ! a iKery«(M#4b*rMMK 

O. P.. A TaiCK TO ^ATcn itrnm -Old ^Osm. 

.1 sweat} would I lay in eold karboHrl 

O.-P. Twn-iRoAmisa Oiat. 

CoALe, See ** Carry Coals.'* 

Ck>AT Card, the kibg^, q<iee»,*^nd knave of Iha paiek 
<of -cBAlSy^lk) calM: from their being hakMd with 
•eeata erUMUfHles; they are noiff ecMrrup^y dtfled 

She UftAialier hand t&eiPM of bearli, Bw(hoacftt^«Aa a ■ * 
CPtit ewrd, O. F. Mat Dat. 

Ccwu; #9Et3;9E> C^k fit. ccippe, the head or top). 


with the hand. • ^■ 

My Gainm^, fojre iatanctli. to be upon ker bones 
With staVes or with dobs, <qr ds wilb coble stones. 

O. P. Gammbr Gubton*8 Nksdli- 

Their hands shook swords, tlieir slings held cobblet round. 

FairvajcHt T*mo^ 

CoBLOAF, a loaf ef irregnlar shape, a comiption oC 
coppe; a loaf having* a large head. The word 19^ 
used by Sliakspeare as a term of contempt. 

CobkKift Taou Ajn -Cttxfs. 

C0B8WAN9 the head or leading swan; the bird 80» 

With ft cob8W9» or a high mountlsff boll. 

B. JoNi«i«*s CbLTiKuin. 

^Mbk A^ liow, exditing demeanoar; elatied: thie:: 

' e*rpres»on has no eertafn etymology. - Cotgrsve, 

nndeir the word kup^y gives it as the cresf or cop 

on tbe head of a bird; hence also proud, cocket^, 

lofty, stately, that bears himself high, &c. 

^ ' '^ ' You'll make a mufiny among my guests j . 
You wUl Ml cocMp «f *ti!p. 


' And haying rooCM tbe whole troop. 

With victory was cotf/r i»A<H(p. 


CocftER (F. eoqudiner}, id spoil with too much 
indulgence; chiefly applied to children whose 
fantastical humours are rather encouraged than 

^ . 8hall:a btagnUess boy, 

A cockered «ilken wanton brave our fields ) - 

172 .V .1 A: QiJOUAiUAh^JaiU' 

• t 

Ppckers, a kind of buikms or ibort boots, CanBerly 
worn by farmers and shepherds. 

His eoekert were of eotdcwiiif 
Hit hood of minJ^ere. 


Cockle (S.eoecle), a species of weed foond growing 
^ in corn fields, called the corn ohampion. 

I - He wold sowen tome ilifiooltif^ 

Or spriogin eocMe in our dene com. 

In soothing them, we noorish 'galtet otir senate 
file cockle of rebellion. 


<■■.•' ■ '■ 

Cockney. No word has given rise to greater disputes^ 
both as to its derivation and precile meaningi though 
in Eiiglandit is now applied to a person bom in the 
, «ity of London, or within the soand of Bow bdi, 
. and to signify piore especially a person ignoraiLt of 
tur^l economy;, yet the, name was not confined to 
■ England, nor to thexity of London in particular: 
mention is made, of it both in . France and Italy at 
a very early period. In a mock heroic poem in the 
Sicilian dialect, published at Palermo in 1674, a 
description is given of Palma, Citta di cuccagnaf 
and Boileau calls Paris, un Pais du coccaigne, 
. representing it as a country of dainties,., wbicl^ 
seems to give the meaning of the virord as under- 
stood by the French. In England, no precii^. time 
can be ascertained as to its first introduction.;, the 
earliest poem in which it is mentioned is a very 
aQ«iMt«ne, in the Normanno-Saxon dialect^* 


Is a londe yhote eoet^fng. 

Id the very curious poem called The Tumameni 
of Tottenham, saicl to be writt^i in the reign of 
Edward III. the word cokeney is used, but whether 
' «is applied to a cook or to a dish proVided fbi* the 
guests, is a matter of conjecture*— ' 

At tibat iieast wen liier BenrM in ridie ai^f, 
Xvery five and five iMd « MclwiMf . 

That it was a term of contampt derived; from the 
kitchen seems evident^ & cook in base Latinity 
being called co^Mtfialor and ooquinarius, from 
either of whicl^ cokeney might be derived; but 
however derived, it appears to' have been uniformly 
applied as a term of derision to a silly and igno- 
rant person — 

And when this jape is told another day, 
I JBlntl bf hfflden a dailte .or MACoeketuijf, 

Chaucer's Rits's Talk. 

Cry to it, nuncle, as the cockney did to the eels -when he put 

theMU llM paiA^alf^, 

K. Lear. 

CocK8HUT«, twilight^ the time when birds go to 

TlMMfias, tkM Earl of Surry, and himself, 

Much about cockthui time, from troop to troop 

' ' ' ' Went through the army, 

K. Richard in, 

CoQ (F. foqiulin^er)^ to sooth, flatter^ or wheedle. 

I etu^i^ot cog, I cannot prate, Mrs. 9ord. ' 

Mkrrt Wivrs of Windsor. 

Oh, now you come to your bid bias of cogging, 

O. P. Ou> FoBimrArui. 

174 v /A ehonsAmfAL-'AsiB 

CoGGB (Goth, kogge)^ a small light boat, a vessel 
of war, from whence cock boeU is derived. 

Agaynes.hym comen her navye, 
CflfsTM and drOABomii nittiy gaUBjre. 

Rom. of Richako Ccbur mi Liov. 

CoiONS (O. F. cogn), an angle or corner; a tern 
used in boilding. 

No jattinir frieze, 

BtrttreM, nor eoigme of vantaf e, but this bird 

Hath made hit pendtBt bed. 


''CotsTRSi. (F. cmi9iiU%er), a person of no accoant, 
' unfit to bear arms, a paltry fellow. 

He's ft eoward and a eugHbrU* 


C0LBERTINB9 a sort of French lace, so called from 
Colbert the manufacturer. 

■ m 

Oo hang out an old firiLM>ncer gorget with a yard of yelUow 


Conorkyb's Wat of tbi Wobld.^ 

C0LE8TAFF, a pole or staff upon which vessels are 
carried by two persons, by running it through two 
handles; sometimes called colMa^and 

I and my companye have taken the constable from the watch, 
and carried him about th^ fields on a colMqfe, 

O. P. Ardin of FsTsastfAM. 

Go take up these clothes quickly; where*s the cowUttigf 

M lanT WiTss of WiNpsoa. 

Colled (L. cotlum), embraced round the neck. 
CoUing was the act of embracing the neck. 

So having saide, her twixt her armes twaine, 
She streightly stndn'd and colled tenderiiy. 

8ps^sBa*s F. Qvnir. 
Found her amongst a erew of satyrs wild. 
Kissing and colling, 




Collet (from L.colhm), that part of a ring in 
which a stone is set. 

When biswoni self, Uk« ag«*s easy slave, . 
Had dropt oat bCtlke etMet into th' grave. 

, 0« P. TBB' RlVBNOm*« TBA0K9T. 

CoLLiED, htackenM with the soot of eoab^ be* 

grimed. "• 

Brief as the Ughtnfaiy in the coUied ai^^t. 

MiDSVMMSR Night's Dbiam. 

Thou hast not collied thy face enough. 

B. JoNsoN*s PoETAsram. 

CoLLOP (O. P. eolp), a sMall piece of meat; it is 
sometime^ used as a term of affectionate regard. 

Thon art a fottop of my flesh, 

And for thy sake' I have shed many a tear. 

p. 1 P4»T K. SpMb. vi. 

Sweet villain ! most dearest, my colh^ 

WiNTStt'S tAia. 

CoLomttLtKO, a word invented by Butler to signify 
the riding ..forth in the capacity of a colonel, in 
allusion to Hudibras, the nam de guerre of Sir 
Samuel Luke, who was a Colonel in the service of 
the Republican Parliament. 

t .*> '. Then did sir knight abandon dweUiagf 
And out he rode a colonelHng, 


Colt (S. eoU}, to cheat or befool. 

Whit a ftagaeuean yo«, to col^ me thtB } 

1 Part K. Hbn. iv. 

He shall be hang'd before he coU ns. 

BxAUMONT Asm Flitchir's Wit 
wrrnouT Monbt. 

Combing the hair, a fashion not less ridiculous 
than strange, obtained (circa 1670) for gentlemen 
to comb th^r Jiair f>r wigs in company, whether 


of bttsineAs or eeremonyy aad even in tbe piesmioe 
of ladies: this singular custom was discontiniied in 
the reign of Queen Anne. In the old play of The 
Parson'^ Wedding, several of the characters are 
introdvu^ etmbing. their head$ emd talking, A*.h 
S 3. 

Straii^ every jaam who thinks kimMlf a nit 
Perks up a maiwi^ing his comb with grace. 
With liis white wig sets off his nut brown ftce. 

Drtdsn's Pao. TO Ax.mansob 


: .]Sf lookM indeed aid aigh'd, and set his cnTafertri&r* 
^ Sigh*d again and comb*d his i»erriwig. 

• •'■ b. P. Tfls FoaTVW* ttvirntks. 

Comfort (O. F. confirter). This word was for- 
merly used to denote aid, encouragement, or assist- 
ance, and it is still used in legal proceedings to 
signify the support given by an aceompllpe ta -h 
criminal act. 

Yet that dare 

Less appear so, in esm/orlAi^ your evUt. -i. . 

Wwtbr's Taj^. 
I dare not say how near the tidings of our eon^bri'is, " 


COMMEDLE (P. mealer^y to mix or mingle together. 

Religion, oh how it is commeiUed witibi policy. 

O, Vs Wbits Dbvil. 

Commodity (O. F. commodiU), interest, advantage. 

What may alwaies be best for the wealepubllqnes eomtnoditie, 


' I will use his friendship to myne own commotfyiie, 

O. P. Damoh and Ptthias. 

CbMOTTN (O. F. la commune), a town' t)r towashipy 
th^eommonalty 6r Inii^sses ofa city^ from whence 
tM modem word eommtnity is derived. 

STYlfOIiOGiiClikt^ ]>f€1%09fAIIT. 177 

TbetwrtiycaMtbfy. foiled adoi^, 
And hadden nygh ehtery*d ^econtoun, 

Rom. of Rich. Cacrs lur htmr. 

Companion (F. €onq>agnon), a term of contempt 
equivaleDtto '" fellow ;'' thoug^br now- obsolete in 
this senae, it was i^sedby Smollett ip hiaiSocbmi 

Saucy eomjpanUm, rode impertiaentfcdlinic» 

, Has the porter no eyes, ISiat he gives entrance t6 such 
eompanioMsf Coriolanos. 

r I'Scoiikydivsev^ «>fiq»ciit<m/ 

K. 08N. IT. 

i *. . : . ' . '.:■■■.. 

Couv^TEiATiv.K (L.comparatif>u&)i one that estiinatet 
himself by comparison^ that makes himself equal 
jto another. 

i^ irtand the posh of every betrdleu T^liB MmjMi%<{M. 
•- : •. '1 PAiTX.Hsir.4T. 

Aad art indeed, the most comparatiM^ nscalliest, sweet 
yiNnf prince. Ibid. 

CoMFASB> WINDOW, a projecting window of a 
circnlar form, now called a bow window. 

She eame to him the other day into the eompau^d window. 

Troi. Aim Crbssisa. 

CoMPii^A^LB (O. F, Qompagnable), having the qualir 
ties of a compiM^ion, fit. for company. 

A idf he had of excellent beaotya 
And eompUtMis and revelrous was she. 

Chavcbb's Shipman's Talb. 

Con (S, eonnan), to know or perceive. 

Peradventare it may better be. 

These aHA foVke^n moc^el thing, quod she. 


Now, oertes, I wolden my diligence 

To corme if aU at Christmas. 


CoNCtiNt (L. eoneentwi}, harmony of souncb conceH 


of voices, and fignniiyely ioiijght or be in union 

Sttfdi moalc ii -wise wordt witli time eoMoUed. 
^ That hare e^neeit^ oato Hewy^ deatk. t . . 


CONCRSW (L. eonerem!o)f to grow togpetfii^i'. ' ' 

And her fiir lockes, that wont with ointment i waa l 
To b»- imIwiImM aad awwit oMtt datatf ^w. 
He let to frow and yriealf to cwetem.. 

SpBitfsn'k Fl. QvBSir. 

Conduit. The several conduiis ia London from 
which the lower class of both sexes fetched water, 
necessarily introduced them to each other, and 
hence connexions, some honourable and ionie the 
reverse, were formed. Bakera (ormisrty bot only 
•old but baked bread for families, as is atill Uw 
custom m matiy connttes, and at the dicing: of 
the oven, many persons of both sexes were con- 
gregatedy whiek is. the reason why the bake-house 
is coupled in the quotation with the conduit. 

.Here's conrting for a conduit or a bake-houae, 


Const catcher, a cant term for W ch'e^t'dif thief, 
from eoney, a cant word for a simpllBtohJ 

Why, gister, do yon think— do yon think 1*11 tfOiMir caiek ywii 

O. P. l%>''RoNasT Waoai. 

Marry, sir, I have matter in my head against you aad 
yonr coney eatcMng rascals. .•..*),! 

MiRRY Wiras or Wmoaoa. 

CoNGREE (F. gre), to 9^gre0 tog^etber, tp unite with 

— — - For iroyemmeat 
Pot into parts doth keep in one consent 
Co;MTeeuur in a fuU aod natural 9lqae. . ., 

tKy ofBeetliadi so fu prerailed* 

TbBt (ipuse -to fttee, and'Kyyal eye to eye, ' 

<Coii$iMKr.^. ^QtmMfit)^ to Iceep company wkh^'to 

Mn^kio.'jij:i . '- 

... ^ • / _» : I 1 I 

Jknd afterwards consort with yoa till bed time. 


'ThoaivNtdteittoy/tftAt^tidntJmW/ltiA^ ' 
ShiOt Vittt Mm lieBceu 


'CoHTBK, itrU» or ^ntention^ probably a corruptioa 

:/^Ccoirtest» f, . /I. '•/•■■ ■ 

Wol ye beginnin contek 

And then Bosone tier ■ * ! ^ - 'i 


Tltey *gan with fonle reproehe 

Td.tttive IV itRlfs^ BBd tsouiiUnB conteeke tarocht. 

... Sbsnsbr*8 F. Qubbn. 

CoNTERMiNATE (L. contanAttio}, having a common 
boiUMiuy, a termination with another. 

HeM «lw]dBtdaim4Bte*a 
And BittoiM JoiB'd, a «tref%tfi of empire flK*d» 
' CoMlermino^e with heaven. 

Con thanks. Ta ^con thanks is an old expression 
signifying to give.thMoksw 

^ ^ ^ 2 , Yes^ jnalry, how, I con yon f AoncAr. 

Intbrluob op tbb Foitb P.'s. 

! v; 1|t»iyu«!MowlflidwiUiMmtlieeUtae«»anirforit. 

Pibsob • Pbnnilb889^9 Supplication. 

CoNTDND (L. ixmtundd}, to beat small, to strike 

8am. What then do yonr l^ws ? 

Top. Tliey not only confound lupJt also contund. 

O. P. Endymiok. 

Coi^ERTITE {¥. converti)t a qoi^ivex^ to ano^her'a 
opinion or principles. y , 


> No,«oiwi04(iv< ::;^/. . 

O. P. Tac Jsir or BCalta. 

I But since you are a irentle eorwertUe, 

ff 7 tonrie Bball hush sfiiB ttili ttoOA #f war. 
j I K. Jowf. 

CBDinn/v (L. eonrcAo), a cant wofd to dgDil^tiiift; 
tbi^yes in the time of Sbakspeare were eMmdrnt^- 

.' O (ood ! Cvmeg I'-'Oomovymn an y« all* 

That rise thus nimbly by a tnie king's ML . 

K. BtOBAR* tt. 

I will conveif, cross bite and cheat. . . , 

O.P. W«A*'YWfr^WFit£. ' 

Convince (L. canvinco). This word in t)yo45^se 
it was used formerly is now obsolete, t. e. to sar* 
pass, overpower, or go beyond. 

Huit treasons would bewray and foes «oil8iN«0'. 

Spknsbr's F. Qubbx. 

Their malady oonsi^et / •».>.' 

t I 
The {Veat essay of art. 

' - 'MACSSni.-.; 

When Duncan is asleep, his two chamberlains 

WiU I with wine and wassel so 6o»oiiuw. 


CoNYON (It. e6glione)y a coward ; a term of re- 

Tho bespoke him a baronn ( * . - 

Sir, our king is bat a coi^on. 


Cop (S. cop)y the head, crown, or top of any thing, 
as a cop of hay, vulgarly called a cock. 

Tho* gan I on this hill to fone ' 

And found upon her coppe a wooe. . . ■ .' _ 


The blind moles 

€opp*d hills towards heaven. 


CoPATarN (from «oy)); high raisckf, havitf^ a point 
or peak at the top. 



A c«!paf atfi bal^ iSAde (» a flcfolsh Uock* ., 

A niffht gowne cloak down trayling to yopr toes. , 

OA8cox«in(*« Pbiite. 

A lUkeii doublet, a TelFet liosfl^ a tearlet doak, awt a^copalotn hat. 

Tamxn« of ▲ Saaair^ 

Ck>PBiiAN (S. cempiman)y a customer, a dealer in any 
copw^edi^. See '^ Chapmao/' 

He would have sold his part in Furadise 
For ready moneys had he met a O0peiium,' 


CoPESMATK, a word of doubtful etymology, but 
probably from cope, to encounter with or ex* 
efaaoge acts ol civility ; s companion, an aaioeiate. 

Ne ever staid in place, ne spake to wight. 
Till then the fox his copestnate he hath found. 

S»bwsbb's Mothsb Hubbabd*8 Tali. 

Kay, be adrised, qooth his eopeamate} harka. 
Let's stay aU night. 

WiTHiBs's Abvsis Stbipt ANn Wbipt. 

CopHSTtJAy the name of a king, real or supposed, 
who reigned in Africa, of whom nothing more can 
be gathered than the old ballad in Percy's Reliques 
contains^ called *' King Cophetua and the Beggar 
Maid/' It is frequently mentioned by the early 

Young Adam Cupid, he that shot so tme 
When King CophetuM loved the beggar maid. 


Spoke like the bold Copheiua*M aon. 

O. P. Thb Wits. 

CoRANTo (F. courant^, a quick and sprightly dance. 

Teach laroltas, high and swift cwaniot. 

K. Hbii. T, 

Why dost thou not go to church in a galllard and eome 

home in a corantof Twblfth Kight. 

CoRBE (F. cor6eau), an ornament in architecture, 

• R 

182 A Gl^OSSAaiAI. ANP 

the diminutiTe of corbel ; as an adjective^ it signi- 
fies bowed or crooked. 

Her neck it short, lier ahonlden e^mbe, Gowsb« 

For ilker fhy head yery toltie is. 
So thy corbe shoolder it lettu ■missit. 

Spbnsbe's Pastobais. 

OoRBETTES (F.), Stations or niches wherein itnages 
of saints^ &c. are placed. 

Me horr the hacking In masomries 
, As corftetf e> and imac^oies. 


GonnovAN (F. cordovan), leather prepared after a 
• particular manner at Cordova, in Spain, and hence 
so called. 

nis here, his berde was like saifroim. 

That to his girdle ranght adown. 

His riioon of cordewane, 

€havcse*s Rhtms or Sie Tbopas. 

Buskins he wore of costliest cordewmne, 

Spbnskr's F. Qvbbv. 


Corinthian, a cant term for a profligate person^ a 
fornicator; it took its rise from the licentious 
manners of the people of Corinth. 

I ammo proud Jack, like Fslstaff, hot a Ctrinthian, 
a lad of mettle. ^ 1 Part K. Hbb. it. 

CoRiVAL (L. rivoLia), a rival or competitor. 

And many more e^rrivals and dear men 

Of estimation and comjuand in arms. Ibid. 

Might wear without atrival all her dignities. Ibid. 

CoRNAMUTE (¥, comemuse)^ a sort of rostic flute. 

Where on those pines the neighbouring groves among, 

0«r garlBtds^ pipes, and eomamutes were hung. 


CoRNXTTO (L. comutus), a cuckold, from the sup- 
position of his wearing^ horns. 

Tlie -peaking eomtUa her husband. 

Mbbbt '^ivbs or Wihdsob. 


Coronal (O. F. coronal), a crown or garland ; also, 
. the bead or iron point fixed to the top of a spear. 

And Kyug^ Richard, tixaC gzete ayxt, 
Levte Mtte thereon a eitrowuU kcene. 

Bom. op Rich. Caua db Lxoir. 

Mow no more shall tiiest smooth lurows be beg:irt 
' With yottthf ol cvrofM^. 

Fibtcber's Faithfux. Sbbphrpkss.' 

CoRYEN, carved^ cat out; in some old authors it is- 
spelt kerven. 

Mkd BHUsy corv9» sword 
Made ladye without lorde. 

Bom. op K. Alisauivsm*- 
His rode was redde, his eyea graie as goos. 
With Pole's (i. e. Paul's) windows corven on his shoos. 

Cbavgxr*s Millbr's Talb. 

Cosier (O. F. eouau}, a botcber or tailor, and ac>* 
cording to Minsheu a cobbler; as the word ia^ 
derived from the French coudre, to seWj it may 
apply to either trade. 

-Do yon make an alehouse of my lady's house^ that ye squeak 
out your cotiere catches witliout mitigation } 

Twnrni Niobt;- 

Cosset (It. ea89iccio), a lamb> brooghl up withoar 
the dam; the term is also applied to a ealfor colt. 

And if thou wilt bewasU my wofol teene, 
I shall glTe thee yon cessel for Vby pain*. 

Spbwsbr's Sbbpbbrd's Cal. 

Costard and Costard Monger, said to be de- 
rived from the old English word co8ter, the head,- 
whieh is the ancient meaning^ it is also the name- 
of a large apple, from its resemblance to the head,, 
and hence costard monger is a general term for » 
cbaler in apples, and a word of coatempt for low^ 
and vulgar manners. . 


. I wyll rap yoaon fhe costard witii my hone. 

Old Intirlvob ow Htckb Smuursa* 

Wtll, knaTe, an I had thee alone I wold sorely rap thy ^o&tard, 

O. P. Gaumxb GvaTON*8 Kkn>KB. 

Virtue is so little ref^arded in diese c^ttenwtiger timcs^ that 

tme Tsloar is turned bear herd. 

S Part |L Hbn. it* 

CosTREL, a wine bottle, said to be deriyed from 
eoater, the head ; anciently the wine bottle bad a 
long neck, and was large and globulous at the 
end: it also^ figuratively^ denoted a drunkard ot 
worthless fellow. See " Coistrel.^' 

And withal a catfel takath he tho, 
And laivd hereof a draught or two.. 

CxAucia'f Lio. 07 HTPiaMBiTas* 

Nothing but that mich dottUecctyi^flf as yoa bt are counterftiti. 


Cote (F. eoU)y to go side by side with. Dr. John- 
son's meanings to overpass or leave behind, is not 
authorized by the authors quoted to support it» 

We eoted them on the way> and hither are they coming. 
Marry, we presently coted and outstript them. 


CoTQXJEAN, a man who busies himself in such of the 
household affairs as are appropriated to females. 
Dr. Johnson is clearly wrong in deducing the word 
from the French co^wtn ; it is evidently and pro- 
perly derived from the S. cot, a cottage, and ewmt 
a girl or woman. 

Oo, go you cotquean, go j 

Get you to bed. Romo an9 Juusv* 

A stateswoman is as ridiculous as a eoiquean, 

CoTswOLD GAMES. In the time of James I. Robert 
Dover, a public spirited attorney, pv ocared leave 

wmsoTioGicAt mcnoN^RY. 185 

tb institate certain rural gttmes or sports upon) 
Ootswold Hills, in Gloabestershire, which obtained 
freat repute, and vrere not only frequented by the 
nobility and gently, but were the subject ofcom-^ 
mendatory verses from B.Jonson, Randolph, and' 
other poets of the age. Dover was the chief 
director of the sports, which continued till. th^4 
rebi^lion of 1640 put a stop to them.^ 

WiU yon tQ> to Uie hiU^f qposts, Uion, and iserriments, 
]>over*» Olympics or the CaittDold game»f 

Ov P. Tbb Jotial Crbwv' 

Cotton, to unite with, to amalgamate or mix to^ 
gether ; a cant word,* still in vulgar use. 

UdB foot! I rauat take some paim, I seev or we rtuJl never 
iiave tfiis geere to cotton. Grbkn>*8 Tu Quoquk. 

Does not tfaii matter tfolfoMW I wovldf . . ) 


C6ui#Ett ' (P. comptmr). Pieces of false money used 
in'reckdbibg and numeration -were so exiled. 

-— — — Win you yiWtk etmntert sum 
The vast proportion of his infinite ? 

Troi. and Okxssioa. 

CovNTRR^OAJSTER,- a term of contempt for an arith^ 
■aetieian.' Before the invention of arithme.tic, it 
was the custom to reckon up sums of money, &e. 
with: counters, and hence this term was appHed tO' 
apersonexpert at this method of numerationt 

By:^ debtor and creditor this counter-caster^ 

He in good time most bis lieatenant be. OTfisLi.o. 

CouNTERVEASANCE {^.conitefaisance), forgery, the* 
act of counterfeiting. 

Thir goodly counterfeamnce he didi frame,* 
The shield and arms well known to be the same. 

Spknskr's F. Qcekn. 



OouNTEMLETE (from the French contrepUe), to 
bend or bow. In Tyrwhitt's Oloimaryy it is sud 
to mean " to plead agpainst/' but bo antbofity 
•eemi to justify that interpretation. 

' F^;knr!enewillnotco«fe^0»l»l«toibe 
In right ne wroQg, and leme that of me. 

Chavcbr'a F. to LcoMfn or Oood Wombn. 

CouNTKRt>orNT (F. contrepotntyt a coverlet for a 
bed, now called a counterpane, from its haringr 
been formerly made with panes or partitions of 
linen, &c. of divers colours^ since denominated 
patch work. 

In iToiy cotfNs 1 hare ttxdTd my crowoB, 
In cypress chests my arras cowUerpoiiUs. 

Tamino ov a Sbbsw. 

CovNTOR (F. conteur). This word has puzzled 
Mr. Tyrwhitt, who gives no satisfactory definition 
of it. Todd defines it to be " an auditor/'' from 
the F. compieur, a reckoner; but he is mistaken 
both in the derivation and definition. A contour 
was a person retained by another to defend his 
cause or plead in any court for a stipulated fee, 
and they were anciently called serjeant-countois, 
as may be known by consulting* Coke upon Litileion 
and Horn's Mirror, c. des Layers. Cotgrave 
explains conteur to be an attorney or counsellor. 

A sheriff had he been and a contour. 
Was no where such a hi^py ravasoar. 

CHAucsa's Pro. to Cant. Talm. 

Or 8tewar4^» cauiUourt, or pleaders, 
And serye God in ypocrisie. 

CiiAvcxB*s Plowman's Tali. 


County (O. F. caunU)^ a title of hotfour, sometimes 
called an earl, but frequently denoting a noble- 
man generally. 

Gismund who loves tiie County FBlurin. 

O^ P. Tancrbd ano Gismunoa* 

I think it best you married with the eauntjf, 


CouRE (O. F. couvre), to bend down, to lean over, 
to stoop in the hams ; a word still in use in the 
Midland Counties. 

■ ' ■ • 

They coure so over the coles, theyr eyes be blear'd with smooke. 

O. P. GAMMsm GoRTon'fl Vmrnnhu, 

He much rejoyst and cour*d it tenderly 
As chicken newly hatcht. 


Court cupboard, a moveable piece of furniture, 
anciently fixed in a recess, and generally orna- 
mented with painting and gilding; it served the 
purposes of a modern sideboard and held the 
family plate and china. - • 

Here shal^ stfmd my court evpboard'wtXtt fnmitiur* of plate* . 


Caurf evp$oard$ plaufted with lteg:gons, cans, cups, beakert^ &c. ' 

O^ P. Mat Qaf. 

CouRTPiE, a sort of gown or cloak. Strutt thinks, 
and with reason, that it was a tunic or short si^r- 

Full thredbare was his over courtjrie. 
For he had yet gotten him no benefice. 

Chaucer's Clbrk op Oxsnforo's Talb. 

In kirtell and a courtepy, and a knife by his side. 

P. Plowman's Vision. 

CouTELAS (F.), a short broad sword; it is sometimes 
spelt cviloB, and^ by Shakspeare, cwrtUaoRe, 


In one hand held his targe of steel emboBt, 
And in the other grasp'd his coutehu. 


A gallant curtleaxe upon my thigh, 
A boar spear in my hand. 

As Yoc LiM It. 

GouTH (S. cuth), knowDi id opposition to uncopth^ 
strange or unknown. 

Loke, boy, ne be naught betrayed 

Of «9»th ne strange. 

Rom. or Oct. luf. 

Covenant. An engagement called the solemn 
league and covenant was made by the Scottish 
parliament (temp. Charles l.% and afterwards 
taken by both houses of parliament in England, 
and by the city of London, the professed object of 
which wa^ to unite the two nations more closely 
in religious matters. 

Enough at okice to lie at stale* 
For covenant and the cause's sake.- 


€k>VENTRY BLUE. The cKy of Coventry Was famossy 
some centuries ago, for maXing blue^thread, which 
was used to adorn various articles of wearing' 
aipparel^ &c. ; the trade, which flourished andP 
enriched the plaee many years, decayed in conse«^ 
quence of the importation of either a cheaper or a 
better article of tke same kind. 


Though he perfume the table with rose cake, or ai^n^iriate 
Bone lace, or Coventry blew. 

Stbphknson's Sattrigal Essats.- 

It was a simple napkin, wrought with C»venirp Uue, 

Lavoh and Lib Downs.- 

CovENTRV MYSTERIES. This city, before the sup- 
pression of the monasteries, was famous for thr 


enactment of certain theatrical f>ageantc, called 
nnystieries^ compiled frbm the Old and New Testa* 
mentf the performers were the friars, vrho had a 
theatre placed upon wheels and drawn> as occasion 
required, to various parts of the city, for the con- 
Tenience of the spectators. These spectacles, 
particularly on Corpus Christi day, brought a 
jg-reat influx of people from several counties to see 
th^ pageants. 

,^. . ii'or oft In the play of CorpttB Christt 

He httfh plAy'd the tieYyIl at Cwmitie* 

CoTSROHXEF (F. etnm'echif)^ a kerobieC eoveriiig. 
Of bead dress for women. 

' A Itrge et9tr€kiifetttae%(iA9 
Bbe wTKppwl ftU ftb<mt« her ))«ddf « 

CiiAvmn*9 Bom. of tu Rois. 

CoviRCHLK (F, couvercZc), a cover or lid. 

A Utel rotmdel as a eerole, 
Paraayentore as brode as a conerole, 

Chauc>r*8 Book of Fams. 

CoYKKTOVR (F. ecuveriure^y a coverlet, also the 
covering or armour for a horse. 

Mony juster in cowriour. 
Money Imigbt in riche anniife^ 

Roil. OP K. Al>X8A9K0R».. 

For here nnder this covertour 

I wol have thee to myn amour. 


CoTETisE (O. F.),'avarice, inordinate love of money. 

Under villainy I comprehend murder, treason, theft, consenage, 

oat throat, coveHw, &c. 

P. Fb^nixbsss's Supp. to thb Ditbu. 

Thy mortal covetice penrerts our laws. 

Oil p. COftinMAc 


QoviNE (O..F. cmnn)f a deceitful agreemtnt between 
two persons to injare another; it is now only used 
as a law term, and sometimes for craft er deceit 

. generally. 

Wfeked ton^ which that the emrine 
Of cvoy lov«r can divine. 

Chavckr's Rom. ov tss aoti. 

Let US have the beard without emfinufkwxii^ojt delay. 

O..P. lf»AS. 

C0WLE8TAFF. See *' Colestaff/* 

C01CCOMB, the cap of the domestic fool formerly kept 
by kings and other persons o^rank, so called from' 
having a piece of red cloth sewed at the top^ 
notched to resemble the comb of a cock; it bo- 
came afterwards and still is a term used to denoto 
a frivolous eoneeited fellow: it also figuratively^ 
signiHed the head. 

Why, this fellow bai banished two of his daugbten. and did 
the third a blessing: agrainst her will ) if thou follow, hinif thou 
most needs wear my cobveomd. K. Lsas.. 

LtUnk you set .nothing by a Uoody coxcomb, 


Iln Cttt.on the coxcomb, 

O. P. Thk Woxdxr of a KiironQM. 
F scorn, quoth she, thou coxcomb 8itty» 
Quarter or counsel from a foe. HrmnRAS. 

Coy (O. F. coyer), to flatter, coax, caress, or fondle. 

A servant sex, soon proud if they be C9y*d, 

SiDNBT*s Arcadia. 
Come, sit thee down upon this tlow*ry bed 
While I thy amiable cheeks do coy. 
.... I. MiDs. Nio«T*s na^Aif.' ' 

Coysthel. See '' Costrel." 

CoYTES (D. CQete), a game of skill, in which a piece 
of iron or other thing is thrown to a certain point 
or mark fixed in the ground, now called quoita* ' 


fTayiag a> e^<«>» at niae hft a l es, or ihooHBg tk »nttet j 
Thwe let them be a43oddes name. 

<Hb Iimiax.v»B» Thb Nbw Custom^ 

<Heficqr« «t fNttft fPrtl. 

J Part K. Hcn. it. 

Crack^ a word talcen (com ithe old Iceltndick lan^ 
guage, signifying a boy or child, but generally 
apfdied to an ingenious and witty one. 

*Tis a notable eraok, O. P. JifAr^AV. > 

Here's a crack! 
I tbi&k thejr sack Jthis kno^idedge ia their miUc. 

MAisiNoaa's UKNATuaAjb CoaqiAT. 
A notaMe dissemblinir lad, a oTMik. 

O. P. Thb Pova ArraxmnoM op J^NftMf . 

CrAckrops, a term ^ contempt used to any one^ 
intimating that be deserved the gallows. 

Yon cbdBhed, you cracke ropct you chattorincr pye. 

O. P. Avrios AND ViaoiNiA. 

flien let him be led through every streete in the town, 
Ihat every craekp^pt may fliofr rotten tggn at the clown. 

O. P« Tbs Two Italian Qsstjauks, 

Crake (F. crae), to boast; it Js still in4ise with the 
vulgar, as to craek» is te brag. ' 

SlMuderons seproaches and foul infamies, 
Leasini^f backbitings, and vain glorious •^^afr^t. 

SPBNssa'a F. Quxbk^ 

<htt of this fountain proceed all those eracka and brags. 

Bubton's Anat-. of Mblancholy. 

Sach man nu^ crake ot tfaat which was his own. 

MiBR. for Mao. 

Crabip rings, rings made out of the handles of de- 
cayed coffins, and supposed to be a charm against 
the cramp, and hence so called ; they were pre- 
vioHsly consecrated by the kings of England, who 
affected not only to cure the king^s evil but the 
cfanp also. 

11^ A QUWSARf AL AfKB -. 

Which tkofw* like aa ftgite act ia a ef«ii|# iri^f. ' 

O. P. Tbk RoiuuHo Gfftii. 

I R6b«ft Moth, this tenth of onf kin^. 

Give to thee Joan PetUich my higgwt erm mp rimg, 

O. P. Tbk OmswAST. 

Crank (ptx.cnkranek), sprig'fatly, lively. 

. A shei^ierd, sitting on abancke* 
Like chantideere he crowed ermieke* 


CRANKiifi (Du. krinkden), any thiogof an unequal 
surface, anang^le, a windings passage, a sinuosity; 
a crank or crankle is also a conceit, by iMristing a 
word from its original meaniog^, perhaps what is 
understood by the modern word|nm. 

And for the house, it crenelei to mad fro, 

Chaucbr's Lsobno 09 AMlADUn, 

Bo many taming ertmkt these imve, so many crookes. 

SpaNssa^s F« QuxiN. 

Quips and crank*, and wanton wiles. 

Milton's L'Allkobo. 

Craple (Get.krappdn), a claw. 

Soon as they did the monstrous scorpion view. 
With ugrly craple* crawling in their way/ 

SPBNssa*s F. QciSN. 

Crapula (L. crapula), sickness occasioned by in- 

' The drunkard now supinely snores. 
His load of ale sweats through his pores ] 
Yet, when he wakes, the swine shall find 
A crapula remains behind. CoTTOif • 

Crare (O. F. crater), a slow unwieldly trading 

— To shew what coast thy sluggish crare 
Might easiliest harbour in. Ctubbuni. 

Cratch (F. creche)^ the open frame in which hay 
is kept for cattle to feed ; the childish amusement 


called eraidi craMcy is an intended represehtaliefa' 
of the figiipe of the eratdi. 

Befia fromitrst wbere kt tiociwUed WM 
In simple cratch, vnrapt in ft wad of hMj, 

SrBNMR's Htmn OP Hkatsxlt Ltyni. 

Craven^ a word of disputable etymology, but ap« 
plied to a cowardly recreant^ a person who in 
single combat yielded to his opponent by crying 
craven; probably, as Dr. Jamieson observes^ iirom 
the old French creanie, a term in feudal jurist 
pradenoe, by which homage was rendered ib a 

' superior. 

' And on bis craven breast 


SrxNiSR's F. Qvxsir, 

Is it fit this soldier keep his oath } 

—He is a craven and a villain else. 

K. Hav. T. 

Creance (F.), faith, belief. 

And afterwards in hal to bin drawe. 
For we reneged Mahounde onr creance, 

C^AVcxa's Man of Lawbs I^m. 

Cresset (F. croisaette), a beacon light set on a 
watch tower; it was also fixed in a moveable 
frame or cross (from whence its name) and carried 
on poles in processions. 

The front of heaven was full of fiery shapes. 
Of burning cressets, 

1 PAaT K. Hair. iv. 
Pendant by subtile magic, many a row 

Of stairy lamps and blazing cressets. 

Par. Lost. 

Croft (S. croft), a little field or close adjoining a 
dwelling house. 

» TTils have I learned 

Tending my flocks hard by. the hiUycro/te. , 

Mi£TOM*» CoMirs, 


Idi .A qifOaSABIAU AHO : i 

{mime)t im old ewe; bttl« m a vordi»C eon- 
tempt, signifies an qM woman* .tbeagii aemg, 
which is. a deriratiTe from it, meMM an old ac- 
quaiatacuce or boon companion. 

Soft itw9n oMly 4«i»e CMt«pcetl<i» 
Tills old MnuUnnesse, thte cnned ertme, 




Tak*t up I BAj, and g:ive it to thy erone, 

WunsR't Talb. 

jOaoB&i. In the tine of the plague ia London, Queen 
fiUaabelh, by an ordinance, directed the mark of a 
croM to be set upon all infected houses, which 
regulation was enforced by hor sacci^ssor, James I. 
during the great plague in 1603. 

:«>^-* Where. tiMK is lodgM * wlrare, 

. . Think the place's cross is set upon that door. 

O. P. Tbm AOTA& Knra anit Lotaz. Sobmct. 

Cross and pile. Anciently the coin of England 
was stamped with a eroM on one side ; the re- 
verse, of the coin was called j9tlip, but etymologists 

; diier about the derivation of that word; it has 
been said to be from the Latin pilum, an arrow, 
or pileus, a hat or cap, or from the old French 
pile, a ship, and ttom the English piUar, from 
these various figures being impressed successively 
upon the coin. The W43trd pUa, however derived, 
became a term denoting the reverse of a coin> 
whatever figure such reverse bore, and hence the 
game of chance called cress and pile took its ori- 
gin, being simply the tossing up of the coin by one 


persoil md tli^ other ibiilllfigp enM our pile, and if 
his call lies uppermost, he wins the stake played 
for, aad loses it if otherwise; it is now called heads 
and tails and various other names, aM its orig^iQ 
may be traced to the Greek ostraetUnda. A cross 
is also a figurative name for money generally. 

Tint jtna ms sure may pick and choose 
Aa erof» I win nBAfMejom. lose. 


Whacum had neither cross nor pile. 
His plunder was not worth the while. 

Cross bite, a cant term signifying a cheat. 

I will convey, cross bite and cheat upcm Siaaplidns. 

O. P. What You WkLL. 

lAe one that is employed in ealzerle andtereMKItnf. 

O. P. Thb Jbw or Malta, 

Cross row, but oftetier called ChriaVB croM row, 
the alphabet, from the circumstance of its having 
the figure of a cross {rfaeed at the beginning. 

Ht Markens after prophecies and dreams. 
And ftcm the eiroM rdtb phwks tttte lenet G ; 
And says the wizard told httn Otat hf O. 
Htt iMme disinherited iriiotdd be. 

S. RlCR. tlk~ 

Crouch (from cros^), to cross, to make the sign^f 
the cross. 

1 erouoh thee from elves and fro wicked wte^ts. 

CtaA*Cilfc*8 MlLLSHV TalIk 

Ciu>trx> (Br. cn9ih}y an anciiMit stringed instrument, 
sdlpposed to be something like the lAodem violiR ; 
It is oertain that the §ddle has bbrne that naMe 
and the performer called a i^mtdef wotnt centaries 

Die pipe and tabor and the tnciinhllngf jgriprf. 

S^svbul's trrru* 

196 / A 0L0S8ARIAL AND 

O, swtet consent, betwfcn a erttml «Bd a Jew's iMvp !. 

O. P. AUIXANDCE Aim Campaspb. 

Wait maaneriy at a tabic with a trencber, and waxtde iq^oa 

a crowd a little. 

B. J0X8ON*S CniTHIA*a KlTSlS. 

Crush a pot. This c&nt word wms ancientty used 
by the vulgar as an invitation to drink. 

Come, Qeorre*, Mre will crush a pot before we pait. 

O. P. Gboeob a Gbbbnb. 

If yoti be not of the house of Moataffoe, I pray come and 
eruik a cup of wine. 

Rombo and Julibt. 

Cry aim, a phrase taken from archery and signify- 
ing to consent or approve of any thing. Whew 
one person had challenged another to contend in 
archery, the spectators used to say cry aim, t.e. 
acdept the challenge, by requiring the challengec 
to aim or begin the contest. 

Bratos, speak I O say, Servilios f 
"Why cry yottoiyme/ and see us used thus. 


— Hie traitors once dispatchedt 
To it, and we'll crp aim, 


Cryance {F,crainte), fear. 

Quoth he, if cryance come tell my heart 

1 am far from any goode towne. 

O. B. Sir Cadlivb. 

Cuckold. When any person was awkward in 
carving a joint of meat, it was a custom to tell tli» 
operator to think of a cuckold, the origin of wfaich 
is said to be, that one Thomas Webb, an eminent 
^ carver to the Lord Ma3ror of London in the time of 
Charles L was a well known cuckold^ and hence 
the proverbial saying. 


mrrmotMffiAi: BumoHAK^. 147 

So wliM ttM miilyMi OMnot hit ttM ioiot,' 

" lUak on a eueikoU,** lAnitftxt llie fOMiP* cTjr J 

B«t1UrikiiiBitt»s«ooAc«rTiiif knils, layi. 

Batt tfroN Batt. 

And mke ts nice dt a ttnc M o BB serre * 

To tfsBt a cMe» M tboM tfial ctnro}- 

IvfoUnf MdroMt* names hit joints. 


GuKRPO, a ftpftnifth word, agnifying to be without 
an upper cloak or coat, so that the shape of the 
body may be seen; sometimes it is put for naked. 

Itepesed in euerpo to their ng^ 

Without my anns and aqpipage. 


€^8»E8 (F. euiMi), armour to protect the thighs. 

I saw younK Havry vltfa hia bearcir en. 

His ctcicscff op liis th%lui. 

1 Pabt H. &»v. it. 

CvLLiow (F. couUUm), a mean wretch, a seoinidrel, 
a rascal. 

iind Midas Wtt, he jets it in the oomt. 
With base ooHandish ctrfKoiw at his he^. 

O. P. K. WmwAMM u. 

And perish all sndi eullUm^ as rqdi^e at his new monarchy. 

MASsiNOsa's QuAasiAir. 

CuLua (P. amUa), a sort of strong broth or gravy, 
used for the purpose of restoring worn out eon* 
stitntions or strengthening feeble ones. 

He tiiat melteth in jk oonswBption is to be recurM by cuUiia, 
not poi%oeils. 

O. p. AuiX4JinKa amd CAnrAsra. 

CiJLPON (F. ampon), a piece cut from any thing ; a 
thick short piece of wood is intended to be desig- 
nated by the quotation. 

He hath anon commanded to hack and hew 
The (^es old» and iaie hem all on a rew> 
In cM^pens weU avaled for to bienne. 

Cdavcbr*s Knight's Talk, 


198 A GLOSSAEIAL AJfP . . ' 

Cunning (S.eonnan), wisdom, leanittg'^ skill; this 
term had not its modem signification of craft or 
shrewdness in the time of Shakspeare. 

Prefer them hifher, far to eumUng men I wiU be Tery kind 


Taming op a Shesw. 

Why ihoidd not I be BS-eunnin^ as ApptSlmi 

O. P. Alkxandkr and CANPAsrr. 

Curfew (F. couwefeu). A law was made by Wil- 
liam the Conqueror ordering all persons to put out 
their fire and lights at the ringing of a bell, at 
eight o'clock in the evening ; this law was re* 
pealed by Henry I. Anno 1100. The bell was 
called the curfew bell, and the name is still re- 
tained in many counties to designate a bell rung at 
bed time. In the early ages, fires were, made in 
the centre of a room, in a hole dug for that pur- 
pose, under an open outlet in the roof for the 
emission of the smoke, and when the household 
retired to rest, the fire was extinguished by a 

. cover placed over the hole ; hence the term eouvre 

That rejoice 

To hear the solemn eurfew. 

None since the eur/ew nmg. 

Mba^vrs fok Mbasues. 

CuRiET (O. F. cuirace), a breastplate or corslet^ 
from cuir, leather, breastplates being at first made 
of that material. 

And put before his lap an apron white. 
Instead of curiett and bases fit for fight. 

Spsnssr's F. Qvxbw. 


Curious. This word was freqHently ased in the 
sense of not scrapulous or ceremonious/a. meaning 
which it has now totally lost. 

Why, Toby may get him to sing it to yott; he's not curious 

to any body. 

O. P. Eastward Hob. 

lAdy, our fashion is not euriout, 


CuRMUDGiBON (¥.c€eurme(AmU}, an avaricious fel- 
low or miser. 

Nor Shalt thou find him a curmudgeon, 
^ If thou dispatch it without grudging. 


Curst (Bel. horaeV), froward, shrewish, maligpnant, 
malicious, crabbed, sour. 

Her only fault 

Is, Uiat she is intolerably cunt. 

Tamino op a Sheiw. 

I -was never curtt; I hove no gift at all in shrewishness. 

.Muxf. Night's ni|SAM. 

CuRTAL (F. CQuriaU)f a small horse, so called (torn 
hiiTing' bis tail docked or curtailed. 

faOL 1taikfa4'4 great bald euHal, I thinke, could not brei^.it , 

O. P. Gammbr Gveton*8 NaaoLB. 

A dog whose tail had been cut off by the effect of 
the forest laws, to hinder him from fauntiDg*, was 
called a curtail dog ; and, by abbreviation, ^worth- 
less dog is at this day called a cur. 

She had transformed me to a curMl dog, and mlule me turn 

Ith' wheel. 

CoMBDT OF JEaaoas. 

CuRTLEAX. See *' Coutelas.'' 
CuRULE (L.eundi8), a chair or chariot^ in which 
the Roman mdUea curviea were carried; the tdrm 


IS a&ed to ugnify nagisteriftl or belongioy to tber 

We that are wisely mounted higher 
Tliaa coDstabiM In emmie fAtv 

Who deserves the cMc wreaHi,— ^ 

Who to fill the cumle chair t 


Cusp (L. cuapisy, a term in astronomy to express 
the points or horns of the moon or other ]oniinoa& 

Ill find tlM mup and alfridaria. 

O.P. Albumazar. 

CueTOiCKR, a common prostitute. 

I marry her 1~-What, a ctutQmer t Ptyibee hare aome 
diarity to thy wit. OTHSLLa. 

I think thee now some ootmnan euaicmtr. 

All's Wkll that Skos Wbll. 

Cut and long tail, a vulgar phrase, formerly m 
use to signify all sorts or descriptions of persons 
or things. In Todd's Johnson it is said to he- 
borrowed from dogs; bat it is Inore proMMyin- 
allusion to horses, the tails of whieh^ beiag dodced 
or suffered to grow at lengthy distinguished ttiose* 
which were kept for common work from those 
which were used for shew or splendoulr. The 
quotations Justify this elucidation;. 

Your worship has six coach hovsea, cui wttt^^ tt^ tWcr 

numers, &c. 

Sra I. Tawbi7Boh*s Mttfr, 
I sendaU Ia cut and long tml^ 

O. P. A Match at BfiUBinosr. 

At tokf Mit lastS), tome, cut and long tait, we*Il spend it libevaUx. 

O. P. Tbb Rbtujui Ta. FAHVAsavsr 

' A common horse was called GU, in rdfereBce to 
the Mutilation of his tail 


I pr*ythee, Tom, beat Cui^a saddle, put a ftw flocks in tbe 

points} the poor Jade is wmng in the withers. 

1 pAaT K. Hbn. ir. 

Cut pvrsb, a thief, one who cats purses f^om the 
girdle^ where in former times it was the fashion to 
wear them. 

. Alack 1 then for pity must I bear the curse, 
That only belone;s to the canning emt purse, 

B. Jonson's Bartbolomsw Faib. 

An open ear, a qnick eye, and a nimble hand is necessary 

for a cut purse, 

WiNTSR*s Talk. 

Cutter, a cant word for a blustering swag^ring 
' knave. 

He WM a cuUtr and a swaggerer, 

0. P. Tub Pair Maid of Bsistow* 
Re*! out of cash, and thou know'st by cuhvnf law we are 

bound to relieve one another. 

O. P. A Match at Midkiobt. 

Cuttle (S. cutde), a species of fish which, beings 
pursued, ejects a black liquor, which darkens the 
water and favour3 its escape by rendering* it in* 
vinUe; it is used figuratively to denote a foul 
mouthed person. 

Away, yon cut purse rascal} 1*11 thrust my knife in your mouldy 
du^^ an yea play the saucy euHle with me. 

8 Pabt K. Hsn. !▼• 

Cyiurctdmachy (Gr.), a word used by Butler to 
signify the fighting between dogs and bears, or 
bear baiting. 

That some occult design doth lie 
In bloody i^ynor^mocA^. 


Cynosure (Gr.), the constellation called Vt^a 
Minor, situated near the north pole«. 


is lifted to signify nagiftterial or belongiof to tber 

We that are wisely mounted higher 
Than conataMes In emrmh wlt^ 

Who deserves the cMc wreath,—' 

Who to fill the curule chair t 


Cusp (L. cuspiay, a term in astronomy to express 
the points or horns of the moon or other ]oniinoa& 

I'U find the mup and alfridaria. 

O.P. Albumazae. 

CuftTOMBR, a common prostitute. 

Imarrjhcrl— What, acu«^iii«r/ PtyibeehttreMiine 
diarity to thy wit. OniBx.LO* 

I think thee now some ootmnon emiam». 

All's Wkll that Skos Wbll. 

Cut and long tail, a vulgar phrase, formerly in 
use to signify all sorts or descriptions of persons 
or things. In Todd's Johnson it is said to he- 
borrowed from dogs; bat it is Inore proMMyin- 
allusion to horses, the tails of wbieh^ behig docked 
or suffered to grow at length, distinguished those 
which were kept for common work from those 
which were used for shew or splendoulr. The^ 
quotations justify this elucidation. 

Y«rar worship has six coaoh hovsea, eui umf^ntg '^ ^^iki^ 

numers, &c. 

Sra I. Tawbitsob** ^aov. 

I wmAaMvn cut and long tvU^ 

O. P. A Match at 2f)U>in«HT. 
ihi toftf Mit ]«sts». tome, cut and long tait, we'll spend it libevaUx. 


• A common horse was called Cut, in reference to 
the mutilation of his tail 


I pr*7thee, Tom, beat Cut*9 saddle, put a ftw flocks in tbe 

points; the poor Jade is wmng in the withers. 

1 Part K. Hbn. it. 

Cut pvrsb, a thief, one who cats purses (Vom the 
g^irdle^ where in former times it was the fashion to 
wear them. 

. Alack I then for pity must I bear the curse, 
That only belong^ to the cunning cut purse. 

B. Jonson's Bartbolomsw Faib» 

An open ear, a quick eye, and a nimble hand is necessary 

for a cut purse. 

WiNTsa's Tals. 

Cutter, a cant word for a blustering swaggering 
' knave. 

He WAS a cuUtr and a swaggerer, 

0. P. Tub Pair Maid of Bristow* 
Re'i out of cash, and thou know'st by eutten^ law we are 

booDd to relieve one another. 

O. P. A Match at Miokiobt. 

Cuttle (S. cutde), a species of fish which^ being 
pursued, ejects a black liquor, which darkens the 
water and favours its. escape by rendering it in* 
visible; it is used figuratively to denote a foul 
mouthed person. 

Away, yon cut purse raseal} I'll thrust my knife in your mouldy 

chM^fB, an yOu play the saucy cuttie with me. 

8 Pabt K. Hsn. it, 

Cynarctdmaghy (Gr.), a word used by Butler to 
signify the fighting between dogs and bears, or 
bear baiting. 

That some occult design doth lie 
In bloody cynar^fomacAjf. 


Cynosure (Gr.), the constellation called Uvsa 
Minor, situated neat the noitb pole«. 

202 A €I.OStAR14I« AMD' 

Hie eifwmure ot nrtghtowrtog •FM* 

Milton's L'A&LBOfto. 

Qrif A.R (O. F. (Aamarre), a loose gown or robe, any 
Blight co'reriiig* 

Her comely limbs composed with decent cav^ 
Her body shaded with a slight eymor. 


Daded, held up by leading strings, aschiUroniM 
who are incapable of walking. Todd refers the 
word to the Isl. dudda, to be slow footed; and 
Brocket to Germ, tandeln, t6 loiter or totter. To 
dawdle or walk with an unsteady pace is derived 
from this word. 

^e litde children when they learn to go,^ 
By painM mothers da4ed to and ttb» 


Dadalk (L. diedalus^, to form curiously^ rrom 
Dndalus^ Ihe Greek artist; variegated. 

Then dotti the daedal eajth throw forth to tfae« 
. Dot of her fimitfol lap abundant flowors. 


DAf Ffi (So, Goth, doef), a stupid foblish pfersotil 

And When this jape is toM anotiier day, 
I shal be halden a dt^fe or a cockenay. 

CHAucsa's ttirs^s fALS.. 

To daff is used by Shakspeare in the same sense 
as doff, i. e, to do off, to put aside, or cast away.. . 

I wonld have dqff^d all other respects. 

litoctt A&« kkfti^ l^tiilini.. 

The Bimble lbo»i4BMMt mrfltoet •# Wal0> , { 

That dt^f*d ttue world aside. 

1 FAa« K« Hoc* ir^ 

Dagge (O. F.da^ge), a pistol or hand gpan, said to 
be so called because used by the Oadans. The 
stabbing weapon now called a dagger was also so 

Or dare abide the noise the tU^ge will make. 

O. P. Abdbn op FBTifRSSAM. 
— ikvandpistoli! 
To bite his thumb at me. 

O. P. Tbb Mpsbi' Lookino Gijms. 

Dagg and I>agon (S. dag), a slip, shred, or small 
pieee of any thing*. 

Or 1^6 ua «tf yo«y bfawae, if yotL haye ta^j, 

A dagon of your blanlcet. 

CHiAfrcBJL's SoMMfova's Talb. 

And high shoes, Imop^ wilii dt^ga. 

Chaucer's Rom. op tbb Rosb. 

Daintrel (O. F. dain)^ a delicacy. 

UtM, kOmt Rodj^, and wel to fare with thy meat if tbon have any, 
9iit by my words, as I tbemsiaeled, tbor Mi^/e(c benot many. 

O.P. Gammbk Quetom's Nbbdlb. 

Dajus^ (F dais), the table elevated at one end, in halls 
or dining nooms of persons of rank, at which the 
mastar^of the house and his guests usually sat; the 
lower part of the table was occupied by pevson» of 
inferior qofdity. 

A douglktie dwarf to the i^i^ermost dad 
Right pertlye gan pricke, kneeling oft kaee. 

Ktno Rvbncb*s Crallbnob. 
This Caabaacan, of which I have you told. 
In royal vestimeBiB sit o^ his dei§, 

Cbaucbr*s Sqvirb's Talb. 

Daw (L. dommus)y a word used by the Saiett stod 
old Bnglisb authors to signify a lord or master; in 

204 . ▲ jGLOSSABlAL ANJ» . i \ 

poetry, it is generally used in a ludicrous sense. 
Spenser says of his predecessor, Chaucer-— 

Old jD«i» GeoflBry, in whiwe gentle qri|;lit 
The pure well head of poetrj did dwell ! 

nUs SigniOT Janio*8 giant dwarf, Dan Copld. 

Dank (G. tunck), moist, humid, damp, or indkiing 
to be so. 

To walk unbrac'd, and Buck ap the humours of a dtmk morning. 

Jul. Casar. 
■ He her, the maiden, sleeping found. 

On the dank and dirty ground. 

Dapple (from apple), to streak with various ooloars; 
that which is streaked or yariegated. 

But under him a grey steed did he wield. 
Whose sides with dappled circles were endight. 

Spknsbb*8 F. Quxsk. 

From his watch tower in the skies. 

Till the dappled davm doth rise. 

Milton's L'Allboeo. 

Darkling (from dark), without light. 

So out went the candle, and we were left darkling. 

The wakeftil bird 

Sings darklingt and in shadiest coYeit hid ' 

Tunes her nocturnal note. 

Pae. -Lost; 

Darraign (O. F. dtsrener), to prepare for battle, 
whether by an army or by sing-le combat. 

Both sufficient and mete to darreine 
The battaile in the field. 

Chaucer's ELnioht's Tale. 

Therewith they gan to hunten greedily. 

Redoubted batUe ready to darraine. 

Spenser's F. Queen. 

Dasbohen, a word of uncertain etymology, signifyr 
ing to invade suddenly, or to do any tbijotg.ia a 


prompt and fearless manner. The word is $tiU ia 
use; 9^, to dash on, to cat a dctih, &c. 

ReMe spefes binten aseya Ibw tdi^dUy ' ' ' ' 

Thef doMcAen OTfr into the lidiUs. 

Hqm. of K. AusAVKBftiir. 

Dase (S. deziari), to overpower with lights so as to 
tonfbund^ stnpifjr; or dazzle. 

Foir in good faiih ttiy Tinife is Ml pale, 
Tlkane eyea doar totlJlr M IM thiakellu 


Daybsman, an arbitrator or umpire. The word day 
in the Saxon and many other languages signifies 
jCKigement or doom; in this sense it is used in 
the Scripture—-** Every man's work shall be inadiei 
manifest, for the day shall declare it/' I Cor. III. 

If neigliboiin were at Tarlaace, fhey raimot strei^t to lawe; 
dtUtmen took up tiio flMttcr. 

lNTaBi.ir9i, Tna Niw Cu^tomb. 

— — For what art thou, 

Tliat mak*«t thyieSfhia ilaisfe«mmf 

SriNsaii^B F. QuBSif. 

Day-light. To burn day-light, was a proverbial 
expression to signify the doing a useless or un- 
necessary thing, as the burning a candliB in da'y- 

TjTMke zouleth on, I doe but tUi^-lighi bume. 

Church YAKo's Worthinsss of Wa&ri* 
Come, we burn day-light, 


Deaurat£ (L. deauro), gilded, adorned with gold. 

Of Fhcebus* light was deauraie alike. 
> Chaugir's Comp. or thb Black kwrosT. 

DsBBL (O. F. dAtll€r)y to conquer or overcome in 
w«r^- ■» 

dOi A QtOMABlAI* Man 


Hmjo didst debet, and down from hmima 8«nt. 

Dbbord (F. dAorder), to ran to exceai, to over- 
flow, to exceed the proper boands. 

Tl^e a)ia4owinK foorth my drafts may not tfeftortf . 
ttw sa«ff«d minor of fby s«?inf wtnl. 

Debosh'd (O. F. dcabaudi^y, the old, wi^y of spell- 
ing debaached, and having the sane meaning^. 

With all the spots of the world tax'd and debo»h*d. 

All's Well tbat Buna WIbll. 

Wit)\ such a valiant discipline she dea^x'd 

llMt iMoM'tf Jirtnce. 

Ol I^. Tks Civs Nuum Ca>. 

Obcbew (L. decresco)^ to decrease. . 

— — Shr Artegal renew*d 
t qis stmifth stfll ttoifeb. \mt sIm sliU mtsedtereiefdi 

Spsnssr's F. Qmii* 

Decurt {h. decwto), to shocteo or abridge* 

With reverend curtsies come telrin^ aad taria# 
Tfmf fres and not damtrUd offering. 


Dbem (S. demanyt opinion, judgement, surmise. 

What wicked deem is this.^ 

Tboi. ANOi CnisanA. 

P;e;fajl (F. d^fo^iUir}p to faint or become feeUe, to 
toil feom weakness. 

Which to withstand, I boldly enter thns. 
And will defaU, or else prove recreant. 

O. P. Trv BtruB Knioht. 

Defbazance (F. defaimnce), the defeating or an- 
BuUing any contract or stipulation by a condition 
whieh^ if performed^ destroys the contract; it is a 
I^VK t^W) ^^^ >A poetry signifies defeat generally. 

After his foe's <2<^eafSttfM?«, did reiffKUi, ■ v . ■ 

Him goodly greets, and faire does entertain. 

Spensbr's F. 

Defoule (F. deJUer), to <fefile of bring to shame. 

All in Idi hMul, even dead, we honour shonld j 
Ah 1 dearest Ood, me ftant I dead be not defouledf 

BrsMtaK** t. t)«Mtm • 

Dbft (S. d4Bft)y neat, ^roce, bandsoiiie, aiuitley 


Come, hich and low, 

Thysalf and ottee defHjf akow. 

tliey danncm i{^^ and ainceB soot. 

SrjKN9BR*s ^. Qoaaiir. 

Dehort (L. dehortor), to dissuade, to advise against 
the doing ^ty act. 

I^Wtt Wrtbs (kMlli to tilt tolttt^ t6 aifta^ 

DWLA'ttM (L. ddaiio), an acouiation or impeaoh- 


DsLiBATE (L. rfelibo), to ^\p 6t tttrte. 

But irtien he hat travelled and ifettMfd the Rrencli Md ttui 
BiMiik, olfti Ue abed awl etpoond AtftMa. 

O.JP. TOB AfnHVBAior.^ 

Delices (F.), pleasures or delights. 

A«d under K»ne of all aiitow, 
n&ey hadden saTonr with deHeet, 

RoM. OF R. Almaunprs. 

Dell (S. <i{ai)y a deep ravine oi^ Taliey. ; 

Under aome shady dell, whep tha cool wind 
J'lays on the leaves. 

I know each lane and eTery alley, green. 
Dingle and bushy ieU^ ot thili Wttd wdod. 


DEMAYJfE (F. demaine), possession; a word still in 
use in law, signifying lands held by the tod and 
manually cultivated by him. 



That •oOred theo Dnyk HUtea 
To hare jn <<diu^y»i« other woBUOi* 

Rom. of K« AtltAUHBEB^ 

Drmisv (L. demittere)y a l&w phrase, implying a 
grant for a term of years; it is still nscid in leases 
as a word of conveyance. 

Tell me what state, what difpaitjr, what honov, 
Caii*8t thou demt$e to any diUd of ntne. 


Demiss (L. demissvs), hamble. 

He donne deseended, like a most iemiu€ 
J And a1]ject thrall. 

SpiKftia*! Hmif or Bsatsnlt Smtm, 

DiMORRANOB (O. F. dcmor), demur, doubt, delay. 

To MO the oenttBaraaoa 

Of Dtrie*! eooxt MMin demarfaunet. 

Boa. or K^AuBAvnuh; 

Denay (O. F. denoier), the old word for deny. 

Hie proof ia 10 plain, that no man can tfen^. 

Int. of Tbb Nbw Cjhtomw*. 


My loTe attfire no place, biile«o duu^t • 


Denier (L. denariua), a small French coiu, the 
twelfth part of a sous. 

You will not pfty for the glasses you hare burst? 
—No, not a ieiUer. hn>ve, to Tam n»o of ▲ Shrbw* 

My dtikedom to a beggperly denier, 


Deodand (L. deodandum}, the personal chattels 
which is the immediate cause of the death of a 
person by misadventure^ forfeited to the king, to- 
be applied to pious uses. 

For love should, like a deodand, 
Fall to the owner of the land. 

HvsiBRAS* Hbro. Epis. 

Deracinate (F. dertmner), to root up, ta force up^ 

by the roots. 


K. Hxir. Y. 

Derat (O. F. de^roUi)^ dJMfff y ; ^Iso, tii^ i¥»ft 
and confiisioB of buttle^ ¥iok«e*, disturbance^ 

Have whoflo ^ nudstenr foxf, 
AfMRBMl 4lK* is th|^ 4ltriV. 

Bom. pf K. ALZSAUjTDai* 

Dere (S. derian), to hurt or injure. 

Were his maHce not great, Ms mig^t. nonght were ; 
He ihrtlileth fut, bat ntlte mar lie tfere. 

esAvent's 9su9. «■• Cant. Talks* 

Dbrk (S. c^earn)^ Dr. Jphn^n defines tp be cruel 
«r barbarous ; but no authority seems to justify 
tbts definMon. It appears to have more Ihaii oM 
meaning, and is used to signify mo^M^ eiid, 
secret, dear. 

HiiiiiTli was deped HeAd Nicolas, 
Of4€rnfi loTiB lia ponK^ and of j¥i^» 

Chavcbr's MiiLsVs Talk. 

Beat'bisB, for dmMiorc kaat taim. i . ; 

O. P. Thb OaifkNART. 

Seekinir ad^eBtares hard, to exercise 
Their g w i iis i iiea wMomi tA det w % triad. 

6pKirfl«B's Thbsttlis. 

Derogate (L. derogo), deg^radefj* 

Into her wsaofti eonvaf aUrtUtfi*- ■■ 

And froai taer derogate body never qpring 

Ahi^tQhpnpmJier. < « , 

-fi. Lkah. 

Derrick, the name of the common hangman about 
the year 1608; be is frequently mendbonel "with 
Gregory and Dup (also executors of the law) in 
the old dramas. 

■ ■ , - 

Fox cCihe fortune tefier ! Would Derrick had b^ his 

foitmej»exe)i7ea]:snEQi ' 

^ O. r. Th« PtturTAN. 



He ridM hit dnmit witlitlie devil, Md DcrrifXr must be Ms 
hoflte, and Tibnnie the inne at which he will alSglrte. 


Derring (S. dearretn), bold, daring. 

From tbemee I jdwmt In dtrring to oomfU9 
With shepherd's swain wliateTer fed in field. 

Spbnsbb's Pastobau. 

Descant (F. deschani). The noon signifies a song 
or tone in parts ; the verb, to discourse or dedaim, 
and it is in general used contemptuously. 

Kaf, now you are too flata 

And mar ttie ooneocd wiHi too harsh a ineant. 

Two Oiiraa. of.Tsroita. 

For on that froond 111 make a holy deteani. 

K. RlCflABD Uf. 

Dbsbi (O. F. deis), a footstool, whether fixed or 

Ke ever durst her eyes from KToond aprear, 
Ne erer once did looke up from her deue. 

i^SNSBl'S F. QOHlf. 

Destrer (L. dextrariiui), an armed war or tilting 
horse, so called because it was seldom mounted 
except in battle or at a tournament. 

His hriffiit hehne was his wanger. 
And by him fedde his iettrtr, 

CBAucan's Rhtms of Sm Tbofas. 

And tmssed heore somerit. 
And lopen on heore dUtrtriM* 

Rom. of K. Alisadnorb. 

Deuce (L. dugius), a ludicrous name for the devil, 
from the Arm. Uua^ a name at one time appfied u 
well to good as evil spirits. 

, Twas the prettiest prologoe as he wrote it{ 

Well, the deuce take me if I ha*n*t fixrgot it. 


D^viL. The devil was a prominent character in the 
early dramatic entertainments, generally pour- 

BTTMI0U>G1€AI. DICTlOtlART. 2 1 1 

trayed with a flaming t^ nose, dressefd'in a catf 
skin and the customary appendage of a tiedl; his 
usual cry was oh, oh, oh ! 

For oft iB ttie play of Oofpus Chrifti 
He hath i»Ut]r*d the 4M^ 

Int. or Tbb Fotra t*.*s. 

Bat^ IMccon, Diecon* did ifOt the ieviU cry oh, <di, oh f 


Dewtry (L. daturd)y a spedes of plant, growing 
in the >Ea5t Indies, the flower and seeds of which 
have a peculiar intoxicating quality, by which the 
imaginatiott is said to be powerfully affected. 

Make letdiers and their pnnki with dewtry 
Commit fiuBtastical adrowtry. 


I>if f iciL (F. difficile), difficult, not easy.' 

That Lathi was not more dlp0ll 
Thanfbrahlackhhnitittowhisae. Ibid. 

DiPFiDE (F. dtfier), to have no reliance upon, to 

Ihc maa dli^Uet in his oiWA anfiiry 

And doubts the gods. Detdsn. 

DiQHT (from the S. dihtan, to regubte or *prepaire), 
to deck, embellish, or adorn. 

Or who Shan iight your bowers sith she is dead? 

SraNssa's Datshaioa. 

]l6b'd in flames and amber light, 
The clouds in thousand Ureries dight, 

Mnvoif's L*ALLaaao. 

I^NO (Gae. dfRgum), to dash down with violence; 
a word still in use in many provincial places. 

I wiU defend the fesainiae to deaHi, and dlMg his spirit to 


Induction to O. P. of Antonio and Mbllida. 

Brought OB a fresh supply of halberdiefs, 
WhickpauBCb'd his Itona, aad <K>V*' bim to the ground. 

0. 9. Ttti Stakim TiAawT, 

fit ^ A 9U3A$AMAU Mfin 

DiNQLB (8« din), % hollow tptee beiwwen two hillsr 
. A dale. 

I know each lane and erery alley green, 
Dingle and boshy 4«i^ of-lhia wfld woo^. 


Dint (S. djfrU), a stroke of blow ; also, tha cavity 
or impref^UNi vmdt by a blow. Tbe word is botb 
written and pronoupced derU in the Midland Coun- 

' Moth imntod wlfii tfittfc dine, her MMe was dha^d. 

IBrvrsiKB'f F. CUniipr.- 
Ydad in tnif htie ames, and ailTer shiddc^ 
WlHBitra fl4 HinN iBf 4p«» ■raantM 4i4 renalBc; 


Discourse (L. diacursua), to timrerse to and fro,, 
to go hilb^tr mhI tUtlifr; lit(Sl«Hy» t0 run «bont. 
The word is now aniy «se4 to signify nutaal con- 
verse or intercourse of l^ngua^e. 

Ailast the caMff, after long diMcowrae, 

When all his strokes he saw avoided quite, 

Re8Ql7*4 in im» V »ii»pi)nMr stt Ms fwce. 


DiMCOvrMMTM (F«)r the open or unoover^ purt. 

Ali^anndre was sone hym bye, 
And smotbym in the dlteimoerte, 

Asm. «r S. Ausaundkb. 

DiscTJRE (P. decouvfir), to reveal ox aiake known. 

A fooA he vnMf tp jfl«vwd his liCs, 
For t9 4U8eure his connsaile to his wife. 

. LrnQ4T.9*8 Hist, ov Thx^xs* 
I will, if please you, it ditcure assay, 

Sfxnssr*s F. Qussv. 

Disgust (from L. diacutio), to shake off. 

niatjaU regard of sham? she had di»citst, 


DiasaPSBAMDS (f.\ without hope^ despair. 


ET7Jml4>GICAt2 DldhtONART* 21^ 

Det w lie tt iMpe-alid d^ik^Bfe^iiihnfiiM/ 

Chaucbe*s Thox. and Cax88«. 

D18LOI6NED (O. F. desloier'), withdr&wn, secluded* 

Low lookingr dales, di$toigmedtMmktommoikgmet 
SeUl^tfnl bpwen^ to Kdaoe lovexs true. 

Spvbvbxr's F. QciBif. 

D18ME (F.), the tithe or tenth oi any thing*. 

lliat in the point, as it is axed, 

The rfSsme go*th to the b^ttaile. 

OOWSA*! CoiTf AK.' 

Dispart (F« depar4ir\ to divide in^two parts^ to« 

separate or break- 
Hard li thfl donbti ftsd dificvlt to decsn, 
Whm iK thiM UBdt of lovt togtOMr mMly 

Aad do tf^pof / tlw betrt. 

SfBirfift*! F. QoiBir,' 

-*-— — The rwt to Mrend plaeet 

JHtpofiti, Bad betireeB fpon oat Dm air. ?▲». to«T« 

DisrxTious (O. F. deapiteue), yoid of pity^ Auioui^ 

Hie knighk of the red eroM, "whea him he tl^% 
BpininciohotwithmseMtpifodM. .' 


Disport (O. F. deport), sport, merriment, amuse- 
ment. Chaucer uses ii to signify a dntmatic en* 

As Ae had Adl statTd amaM 
With HtporiM and new pialA. 

CBAVeBB't Dbbmb. 

She list not here bather dl yi rf * Fonraed. 


He often but attended with weak inwrds* 
Comes banting this way to tfispor/ himself. 

3 Past K. ^Obv, ti. 

DisPURirxYAMCS (O. F. dispourvotr},, a want oC 

No fort so fensitale, no waUs so stn>n|;e«. 
But ttisct contlnoal batterj wfll'riTe; 
Or daily siege^ thro' ih'y ii rwqw iii c e lonr.. 




Hum didst tfe^e/, and down from hMven soit. 

Dbbord (F. debardep}, to roa ta exceflt, to over- 
flow^ to exceed the proper boands. 

Tl\e s)ia4owingr foorth my drafts may not debori . 
Ilrw satffd mirvor of Ihy s»ringr w«itl. 

Debosh'd (p.f.deAbauchfiry,, the oHw^y of spell- 
ing debaached, and havings the same nieaningf. 

With all the spots of the world taz'd and debo»h*d. 

Au/n Wbu. tsat Eaam Wau. 

With such a valiant discipUoe aha deal^y'd 
Hmt iMo«A*<( ffftnce. 

O. Q.. Tu CtTV NicuM Cat. 

P^CREW (L. decrescd)^ to decrease. 

'■ — fflr Artegal renew*d 

I Ifis StraniltlL stfll »oil% b«t site sliU nbre 4ber«»%b 

SpsNssa's F. Qvsiji. 

Decurt (L. decurto), to shorten or abridge. 

With reTerend cnrtsies come to^lda^ aad teinff 
Tkgp fret and net Afwrittf olllering. 


Deem (S. demak), opinioB, judgement, surmise. 

What wicked deem is this^ 

Tboi. AKniCnBsnnjk. 

DjEFAiL (F. d^aiUir}, to faiat or beeorae feeUo, to 
fai^ from weakness. 

Which to withstand, I boldly enter thas. 
And will defail, or else prove recreant. 

O. P. Tnm BvuB Kmonr. 

Defbazance (P. defaimnce), the defeating or an- 
•uUing any contract or stipulation b^ a condition 
whiefa, if performed, destroys the contract; it is a 
l^w t^^n, but in poetry signifies defeat generally. 

After his foe's <2^«aM»}»0«, did rcBNdn, > • 

Him goodly greets, and faire does entertain. 

Spsnsia's F. 


Defoule (F. d^fikr), to tfefilie ot bring to shame. 

All in Idi haail, even dead, we honour shonld j 
Ah I dearest Ood, me grant I dead be not de/ouledf 

Dbft (S. A^), neat, ^roee, bradsome, aiuitley 


pome, hifh and low, 

Thysalf and ottee defHjf akow. 

tliey daanc«ik tf^/^ and ainceB soot. 

Sf jKNSBR*s F. Qvaay. 

Dehort (L. dehortor), to dissuade, to advise against 
the doing ^ty act. 

I^ldn Wrtte ttCMIIi to tBt tetttit^ t6 Mnolv 

Hie gtntry i^roni wMl^r^i'SMr. 

0*P. Tit« WiTi. 

DtiAtiO!t (L. cMcilio)^ an acomation or impeach- 


DsLiBATE (L. rfelibo), to ^ip 6f tttrte. 

But when he has tntvelled and deUbaitd the Freadi md ttui 
Biiittkk, cisi Ue abed awl etpottul AMte. 

O.JP. Tai AimovAiKr.^ 

Delices (F.), pleasures or delights. 

A«d under Sonne of all siitoBS, 
Hiey hadden savour wifli deUeet, 
, KoM. OF R. Alxsaundri. 

Dell (S. daiy^ a deep i avioe oi^ TaUey. ; 

Under some shady iell, whep the cool wind 
J'lays on ^e leaves. 

PisTQsnn'e FAkrwvt 8H*PSB»DiMk 

I know each lane and eTery alley, green* 
Dingle and bushy delt^ of thili Wild WdM. 


Demayi^e (F. demmne), possession; a word still in 
use in law^ signifying lands held by the lord and 
manually cultivated by him. 



That voflred theo Dnyk HUtea 
To lutTC jn demojffu other wobuoi* 

Rom. of K« AtltAUHBEBi 

Drmisv (L. demittere)y a law phrase, implyiDg a 
^aoi for a term of yean; it is still used in leases 
as a word of conveyance. 

Tell me what state, what di^tjr, what hmiov, 
Caii*8t thou demiie to any diUd of ntne. 

K. ElCBARS \iu 

Demiss (L. demissvs), hamble. 

He donne deseended, like a most demifsg . 

And al^iiect thrall. 

SpiKftia*! Hmif or BiATSiaT Loys. 

DiMORRANOB (O. F. demor), demur, doubt, delay. 

To MO thfl oenttawnmoa 

Of Dtrie*! eooxt MMin demarfaunet* 

Boa* or K,.AuBAW9tmt: 

Denay (O. F. dmoier), the old word for deny. 

Hie proof if 10 plain, that no man can tfen^. 

Int. or Tbb Nbw CotTOiUN. 

My lore ean ei^e no phMt* bide ao Snug, 

TwiLrm KxoHT. 

Denier (L. denariua), a small French coin, the 
twelfth part of a sous. 

You will not pay fior the glassef you hare burst? 

»No, not a denier. hn>ve, ro TAxn»o e¥ ▲ Shrbw. 

My dtikedom to a beggperly denier, 

K. RiCHARn in. 

Deodand (L. deodandumy, the personal chattels 
which is the immediate cause of the death of a 
person by misadventure^ forfeited to the king*, to. 
be applied to pious uses. 

For love should, like a deodand. 
Fall to the owner of the land. 


Deracinate (F. deraeiner), to root up, ta force up^ 

by the roots. 


K. Hm. Y. 

Derat (O. F. d0$r0t$)t dJM^fff y ; ^Iso, tii^ wm 
and confiisioB of buttto, ¥ioie«e*, disturbance^ 

Have wfaoflo ^e maistery /nay, 
AfMRBMl 4lK* is th|^ 4ltriV. 

Bom. pf %• Alisaundai. 

Dere (S. derian), to hurt or injure. 

Were his maHce not great, Ms mig^t nonght were ; 
He thrtClethfut, l>«tnttle«iar lie iere. 

eBAvent*8 ^R«. vo Cant. Talks* 

Derk (S. c{«arn)« Dr. Jphn^n defines tp be cruel 
«r barbarous ; but no authority seems to justify 
this definMon. It appears to have more Ihan oM 
meaning, and is used to signify mo^M^ altd^ 
secret, dear. 

deped He^ Nicolas, 

OtMrnfi loTiB lie i»iM4 luid of ;k44s. 

CHAVcaa's MiiLsa's Talk. 

B0at>bisB, for dmMiorc kaat taim. i . ^ 

O. P. Thb OaifkNART. 

Seekinig ad^eBtares hard, to exercise 
Their iwisssnee 'Whfloni ttSL de m % triad. 

6pKirs«B's Thbsttzis. 

Derogate (L. derogo), deg^radefj* 

Into her wsaoftieoiMrvfaUttUtfi*- ■ ' 
And ttom. taer derogate body never spring 
Ahi^tphpnwJier. *^ , 

"K. LCAH. 

Derrick, the name ef the eommen hangman about 
the year 1608; be is frequently mendbonel "with 
Gregory aud Dun (also executors of tibe law) in 
the old dramas. 

• * 

Bnc cCihe fortune tefier ! Would Derrick had b^ his 
foKtivi&seseiiyeaia^HSpl ' 

^ o. r. th« PttJiiTAff. 



He ridM hit dnmit with the devil, tad Derrifk must he Me 
hoste, and Tibnnie ttie inne at which he will alSgfcte. 

]>SKKAa*g Bbllman of Lonvok. 

Derring (S. dearran), bold, daring. 

Itom tiwBee I divft in d<rr<iMr to oonpere 
With shepherd's iwmin wlieteTer fed in field. 

SriNSBa'e Paitobais. 

Descant (F. deschani). The noon signifies a songp 
or tune in parts ; the verb, to discourse or declaim^ 
and it is in general used coDtemptuoosly. 

Kaf, now 70a are top flirt;. 

And mar the ooneocd with too harsh a dneamt. 

Two Oiiraa. of, TsftOirA. 

For on that ground 111 make a holy ieteafd, 

K. RiCfiABD ur. 

Dbsbi (O. F. dels), a footstool, whether fixed or 

Ke ever dnrst her eyes from gronnd nprear» 
Ne erer once did looke up from her detam. 

avnrsnn's F. Qossn. 

Destrer (L. dextrarius), an armed war or tilting 
horse, so called because it was seldom mounted 
except in battle or at a tournament. 

His hriffiit hdmc was his wanger. 

And by him fedde his iutrtr* 

CBAucca's Rhtms of Sin Thofas. 

And trussed heore someris. 
And lopen on heore daa^rtrif . 

Rom. of K. ALisAONoaa. 

Deuce (L. duBius), a ludicrous name for the deyil, 
from the Arm. Uua^ a name at one time applied u 
well to good as evil spirits. 

Twas the prettiest prologoe as he wrote it{ 
Well, the deuce take me if I ha*n*t fixrgot it. 


D^viL. The devil was a prominent character in the 
earljr dramatic entertainments, generally pour- 


trayed with a flaming ted nose, dressed in a catf 
skin and the customary appendage of a tail; his 
usual cry was oh, oh, oh ! 

For oft iB ttie play of Oofpus Chrifti 

He hatb i^T'd the 4^90. 

Int. of Tbb FotjR P.*s. 

Bat^ ntecon, Diecon* did AOt tiie deHU cry oh, <di, oh) 


Dewtry (L. daturd)y a species of plant, growing 
in the East Indies, the flower and seeds of which 
have a peculiar intoxicating quality, by which the 
imagination is said to be powerfully affected. 

Make letdiers and tlieir pnnks with dewtry 
Commit fiuBtaatical adTowtry. 


DiFf iciL (F. difficile), difficult, not easy.' 

Tlwt Latin WM not more dlp0ll 

Tlian for a blackbird tit to wliisUe. Ibid. 

DiPFiDE (F. dkfier), to have no reliance upon, to 

The man iifUet in bis oiwn anfory 

And doubts the gods. DaracN. 

DiQHT (from the S. dihtan, to regulate or *prepare), 
to deck, embellish, or adorn. 

Or vbo shaU d^ki your bowers silh she is dead? 

SMNSSa*8 Datshaioa. 

RoVd tn flames and amber light, 
The doods in thousand Urcries dtghi. 

Mnvoif's L'ALLSoao. 

Ding (Gae. dingum), to dash down with violence; 
a word still in use in many provincial places. 

I wiU defend the fesainiae to death, an4 dhg his spirit to 

the verge oflwa. 

Induction to O. P. of Antonio and Mbllida. 

Brought OB a fresh supply of halberdiers, 
Which^pauBCb'd his ]|onc, aiid ^Kng*d him to the ground. 

0. 9. Jmm SrAinM TmAmwDt. 

fit 'A 9iXn$AMAU Mhn 

DiNQLB (8. din), % hollow tptee beiwwen two hills^ 
. A dale. 

I know each lane aod ertXY aU«7 green, 
Dingle and boshy 4ci^ of-lhis wfld iioo^ 


Dint (S. djpU), a stroke of blow ; also, th^ cavity 
or impref^iofi suMto by a blow. Tbc word is botb 
written and pronoupced derU in t)ie Midland Coun- 

' Moth imntod wMfctfMit An<, b«r MMe WM iM^d. 

IBriprsiKB'f F. Qmnpr. 
Ydad in tniglitie annet, and ailyer shiddCr 
WlMitra fid lliNN iBT dP«» vraondfli 4i4 r«o«laK 


Discourse (L. discikrmia), io timrerse to and fro,, 
to go hilb^tr mhI tUtlifr; litMmtty; to ran ^bont. 
The word is now only «sed to signify ntttiial eon- 
verse or intercourse of language. 

Ailast tbk caMlBr, after long ditcourMe, 
When aU his strokes he saw aroided quite. 


Diacoyvs»7X (F.), the open or unoov^r^d piNPt 

Ali^aundre was sone hym Iff 9* 
And smotbym in the dUemtverte, 


DiscTJRE (F. decotivn'r), to reveal ox cpake known. 

A fooA he vnMf tp je^vwd his lii«. 

For t9 lUseure his counsaile to his wife. 

. LTDQ4.t9*8 Hist, ov Thx^xs* 

I will, if please you, it diacure assay, 


Sfbnsbr*s F. Qubbn. 

Disgust (from L. discutio), to shake off. 

niat jbU regard of sham? she had di$cu9t, 


Disbspsbamds (F.)« without hope^ despair. 

ET7JMl4>GICAi:2 DienONART* 21^ 

Chaucbr*s Thoi. and Cax88«. 

D18LOI6NED (O. F. deshier), withdr&wn, secluded* 

Low lookiagr dales, AfJo^fUMi fimmeonaKMi |ice, 
DeUl^tfnl bpwen, to Kdaoe lovexs true. 

Spvbvbxr's F. Qcixif. 

D18ME (F.), the tithe or tenth oC any thing*. 

niat in the point, as it is axed, 

The Mtme go*th to ttie batfeaile. 

OowsA's Coir* Ak.. 

Dispart (F. deparUr\ to divide in^two parts^ to* 

separate or break- 
Hard la the donbti and diiBeidt to deam, 
Wh«B aK thiaa UBda oflovt tofaOMr BMly 

Aad do d<9Nw/ tb« heart, 

Stnrtift*! F. QoBBir,' 

-^-— — The reit to leTeral plaeea 
XHtptfitif aad batareen pfbb oaf tba air* Fab* Lost* 

DisrxTiouB (O. F* deapiteua), yoid of pity^ Auioui^ 

Hie knight of the red «roM, "When him ha i^yM; 

. SpininciohotwithriifeMtpifodM. / 

SrBiftBR's F. QuBBir.. 

DiSFomT (O. F* deport), sport, merriment; amuse- 
meat Chaucer uses li to signify a dntmatic en* 

As Ae had Adl 8toff*d amaM 
Witii HtpcriM and new pialiM. 

Cbavobb's Dbbmb. 

She Hat not here bather dl yi rf * pnnraed. 


He often but attended with weak gvaxde* 
Comes hunting this way to tf^por/ bhnseU. 

3 Past K. BBir. n* 

DiSPU&vxYAMCS. (O. V. dispourvoir},, a want oC 

No fort so fenaible, no waUs so stronge«. 
But tbaA contlniial batterj wfll'riTe; 
Or daily siego, thro' A'y ii rwqw ia c e lonr*. 


914 A ^U^^$^mAU.M$» . 

DisRANK (O. F. d mr emg }, to degvMk id rank or 
station^ to put out of order. 

Nynr hailimy life 

Wild loBgtl^gt, cr the Iwt ef mnvnnt i iLUpM. 

O. P. PAKAtlTAtm. - 

. OvtofttiypMCalrttilf) JBiiMUMBonft, 
DttrafiJlr»tftheline8j diswm'd the tctlonJ 

DicTRAVCHT (L. distractus), distracted. 

As If dM« trart tf Mr«MB«/ «ad ttMl ivMi tefrttr. 

t if I wake, BhaU I not be dtf^fflM^tf 


DizzARD (9. «fi9t), a foot| a btockfaead. 

WiMftm revengefol diMMmrd &• thia I 

0* P. LXNOVA. 
J)llAlf^ir*l MOOWOALV. 

Dock. ^ In doeki oat nettle/* a formula of wordi 
uaed by cbildreo in curing the himg of a nettle^ 
which 18 done foy laying the leaf of the butter 
dock upoD the part ttongi ^ad repeatiag bgr wiiy 
of eharn^, ^' ia dock, out netUo/' till Ibe.tpaHi is 

But can'st fho^ pljiy at racket k> and Uq i 

Nettle in, dock mUs now tbii^ lunr tbat» I^dure. 

Cbiaucbr's Tboi. and Crbss, 

O. P. Mors DisssMBLaRS bsszobs Wombk« 

0ODGE^ a low word, signifying to follow a person 

.from place to place with a design to watch him or 

dkeorer his intentions. Dr. Johnaon has not eoN 

rectly defined its meaning, and has coafoooded it 

with dogged, surly or ii^tractable. 

1 hftTe iM^il Mn iike Ma auurderer. 


lfw»iiiMfciatiMcttf.^if«iili4lite(io#*tf'i«i|li4M9|^ <' 

Mio«. Nianr's DsBAIt* 


'' Are not the speedy scouts retum*d'«f«iA 
That dW^iMt^lw Bii^btfr mnjr ftf tlw dM9^ 

I Pakt K. Hxn. VI. 

DoDJ^IN (JDn. dupken), a small coid^ ttie eighth 
part of ft, stiver » a IHile doii ; »sed' aift a'coBOemptii^ 
oii» t#ap for things. oC the siRifillei4 valncu. 

WeU» witbQH^.hfilfypnny, aU my ^t Unotwortli %^MkHt» 

O. P. MOTBXR BoMsni. 

DoFP, to do off, to pnt off; particularly applied to 
dress. It is sometimes spelt ddjff^, 

JkifttdB habit 

Tahino op a SffBBir* 
You havB deceivM our trust, 

Aad ma4e vm dqfovBT easy Tobea of peace. 

1 Part K. Hev. iv. 

I woiUd have d(|^<£aU other re<q;>e€t9,aii4x||^de bee hal(i>^IBel(t fl 

Much Ado about Notbino. 

DoGBOLT, a teem of coivtempt^ of which the deriva- 
tion and BM8»fl^g^ is no where fouml. Dr. John- 
ton's snf^estioii respef^ng- it is very questionable. 
JM(li£ ifc wxt he a cormptiaaQf do(gijp(t| .a»'8a«6ti 
Uv^ i$^, foe a lecowpen^ Ighp a^car or mouniL . 

His only solace was, that now 
His dogbolt fortune was so low, 
Thafc eitditfr It nMMt quickly endi 



Df^Qf^Ri^}^ a taivn of UBoertiua derivatioo, hot ajpM 
9ti#4tta:ircef^iilaf po«ilry» wtthoat Beg^ud^taiiiBlre 
.<ir tlif «r4uiiMry lules^oC TeBse. ■■ *^ 

Whei^teimi9,begin and end could teUy 

'With their returns, in doggerel. 

Who, by my muse, to all succeeding^ times 

Shall livei in spltl) oftiiefr own ioggerel Thimes. 


Doit (Do. daft), a small Daieh coin of less vidoe 
than a farthing. 

Supplf TOUT ptmtvt waati, sbA takemofMf «f MHiofe fbr mj mfmtj, 

IfuKOuarr of VamsK. 

fWlM»Jtfae7 wiU not (ive a doit to rdfeTe atame baggav. 


DoLK (S. dmitm)y generally any thing dealt otft or 
distributed, 'bo]t jyarticnlarly the ains or ptovisioDS 
given away by the opulent. ** Happy man be his 
dole/' became a proverbial saying, and is fre- 
quently used by Shakspeare. 

DealCqttQtbha) aJM?, 

'Whicli raand (with food men's pray'n) may guard my aovfl. 

O. P. Thb WoNPia or a Kinodou. 

Bad the woaaeii piiddhi(8 to tiielr 4oltf 

QaxBNB*8 Tp Qvogi». 

Tiknfi to do on, to put on, to invest, the contrary of 

The porple morning left her crimBOn lied. 

And 4BH*d her robes of pore iFenB&UUon hue. 

What! should I dm this robe? 

' Titos AitDaoNicv*. 

DoNJON >(0. F. dongeoun), the highest and strongest 
tower in a castle, where prisoners are kept; isow 
corrupted into dungeon. 

The grete toure that wasm thick and itronge. 
Which of the castle waa the chief dbn^fan. 

Chaitcbr's Kniobt*s Talb. 

DoMZBL (from the low Latin domic€Uu$), an at* 
tendant (male or female) on persons of 4]st}nction, 
now under the word damsel, applied to females 
only. Butler uses it as the diminutive of don, 

But*if the devil's of your counsel*. 

Much may be done, my noble donzei, Hudxbbas. 


. ^{ 

BeU^^caqiBlietoakniKlttcsmurt^tfaMreftolbe'dMiaai. \ • > .* 

9UTLSR*S IUmaxns* 

■ • ■ '. •• t*i. • 

DooLs (O. F. dole), sorrow, . lameQtation ; some- 
times spelt dde. 

*.' WU^pini; her horse, did wXhlds'vMrtliic toote • 
Oft whip her dainty self, and much ancnent her^doole. 

Thejr miffal hope to ebaagf 

Tofncnt wil^ ease, and soontest reeom|(ense 

J>#letr)tii delight. 

Pab. Lost. 

Dortour (L.dormto), a sleeping room or dormitory. 

His deth saw I, hj revelation, 
Sayde ihis frtre in our dortoMT. 

Cbavcbb's Camt. Tam|«. 

D0B8ER (F, do69ier), a basket or pannier, carried 
on the back. 

Hie mUk maids* cuts (t. e. horses) shall tarn the weachee off. 
And lay their damert jtnmbling in the dust. 

O. P. Thb Mbrrt Dbtil ov Bnnoirroir. 

Whither are yon rtdinip with this burthen in your 4Qt99r f 

O. P. Woman is a Wxathbbgock. 

Dote (Du. doten), formerly signified to be mad, but 
subsequently denoted weakness of mind, or intel- 
lect impaired by age or piission; in this sense it is 
still in use. . 

Now let.idi doubt irhat Gib shidd mean, that now she doth so dale* 

O. P. Oammxb Gurton's NbbI>x.b. 

Thy agt^ and dangers make thee dot9, 

Combbt or Ebbobs. 

Dotterel, a silly bird, which imitates the action 
' of the fowler, and is taken by the stratagem. 

He alters his gait wiUi the times, and has net a Biotiott of Ida 
body that, like a dotterel, he does not borrow. ■..,,. 

Botlbb's ChA^ct^s. 

Our iotieret, then, te Qsoght. 

O. P. Tu 0ia> CovrLB* 


Double auff, a game at eards, soppoied to be 
somewhat like our present whist. 

' I can play at nothing so wdl a« i mkl€ i^.' ^ 

O. P. A Woman Kii;»> Y***^ KwiMrMs. 

DouGHTr (8< dehiigy, brave, nMe, Tirtaoos, 
^valilM^j powerful ; it is sometimes used ironically. 

Pffjaint how thai dngkiif ^onnamaat 
• WHbcreateathosQwhaMiiteTadBiltM;. 
"*' awfiaa'a F. QinuN. 

He Is made as stronr as brass, is of toave yean too, 

. . ^,., ,A»i dmfgj^ oi iiomtik stUm , i^ 

Bbaujiont and Flbtcbkr^s Itiris a Wifb, &e. 

D0UT9 to do out, to extinguish; it is still used by / 
the Yulgttr. 

— -— — llMdramo(liMe .1' 
Doth all the noble substance often dotit 
To his own scandal. ' 


DowLE,. a word of doubtful etymology, but signify- 
ing the downy part of the plumage of a bi^d. 

And sware by coclces hartes blood 
* He would him tear erery rioKle. 

Chaucer's Rom. of TMk Rosa. 

—.-— ~ A9 dimtaish 
One dotfle tbi^'s in my jilun^* 

• ' ' ■ ■ T\lMFMtT. 

Drapet (F. drap)y drapery; used by Spenser to 
;signify the cloth with which a table wasT decorated. 

Then she him brou£^t into a stately hal], 

Wherein were many tables fair dispred* 

And ready dig^bt with drapetM. 
I ! . l^FsipfiBa^ F. QmssM. 

DRAWftft (S. dragcm'), a tapster, one who draws 
lii|«orfif6r the guests of an inn, now superseded by 
t^e.mor^odod^m word waiter. 

I am swom hrother to.a lea/di of drmwers. 
.... 1 Part K. Hxn. iv. 

Put on two leathern JetkeM and §BicoAa, and wait upon him 

at table as drawen. ** 

2 Part K. Hbn. iv. 

Drazel (F. drosle88e), a dirty ^lut, a drab. 

i^o^ dwels ech i(ro«ie/ in ber glas J 
When I was yong, I wot 
A tub or paile of water dere 
Stood iu instead of glas. 

WAnmnt** At*io:f** ftjroLAVD, 

That when the timers esrpir'd, the draxtl* 

For eiyer iBliy become her yassals. ■ XtyiBiiAt. * 

Dii£NT (S. drencean), drowned. 

Nor so great wcmder and astonishment 
Did the most diaste Penelope poeaet8e» 
To SM bar loni tkat was rqportad iitpd* 

Srsittsa'a P. Qoiiir. 

Drbiser knookinq. a custom prevailed formerly 
for the cook to knock on the dresser^ to intimate 
to the lervanta that the dinner waa ready to be 
carried into the dining: hall. In the Ndrthumber- 
. land heusehold book, directions are fiv^ on H^Ut 
.. sal^ct, and the custom is frequently aUude4 to* ix^ 
the early drama. .1 

Hark ! they knock to the dr^Mseri well but dine a|id tcwiuf 
pf^sdMlf . 


"WtMni the drester, the cook's dnun, thunders, eome^on*. 

' 11« Mrrtai win l« loat tfse. 

O. p. Tea UwNAXuaAL Comiat. 

Drollery (P. droterie), the old wotdJfor (he drolls 
or exhibitions at fairs. 

A tf^nr A'an^rri sow I wiUiibeleTa 
' That there are unicorns. TaMrasT. 

Druerie (P.), love, friendabij^, gallantry, afTection^ 
to all these' the word is applied by old authors* 

mny ladle licr antftif . ' > ■ '->' 

Mony inaid^K her <FrMm>. • 

Ram; of ff.sAiiirorDitB. 

U.2 . 

220 A GXOSaARlAX. Mim> 

Ich nndcrftmc this pttMBtt 

And tiiank her fhat thee hillier MBit 

Her druerie ich nnderfon^. 

O. B. Omr ov Wamwicb*. 

Drumblb, a drone or lazy person ; to dmmble is to 
be sluggish or inert. 

Trice np these clothes here q:iiiold7 : whtfe't tiie c o w lrttf ? 

Look bow 70a dtumtklt, 

HmtLMY Wmt OF Wumtos. 

DvB (O. F. tKhmber), to confor knighthood by 
striking a blow with a sword ; also^ to confer any 
honour or dignity. 

Theo knyghtis heore body duHeth j 
The waytes blow, the belle rynges. 

RoM. or K. Aui4Ci>f»M*. 
What ! I am dvWif I hare it on my ahonlder. 

The Jealoos o*erwom widow and herself, * 

. ainet that our brother tffiM'il them gcBtlewoiBMi, 

Are mii^ty sooiipB in thii monaxohy. 

K; RiOBABB itr» . 

Dttdoxon (Ger. degen), a small dagger. The term 
was applied to a dagger haring a dudgeon haft or 
handle, supposed to be a plate of defence for the- 
hand: this explains the quotation fh>m Shak« 
spear^ where a distinction is made between the- 
blade and the dudgeon, and renders unnecessary 
the emendation of the commentator, who pro** 
posed to read — " and on the blade o'th' dudgeon.'' 

And on thy blade and dudgeon goats of blood. 

Or guilty else ctf many a fhwack; 
With 4iifd^«o» dagget at his bwflE. 

Cotton's Vibo. Tbat. 

To take in dudgeon, was to resent an affront in« 
wardly, previous. to any outward shew of offence. 

cmtoiioaitrAL mcrtoKARr. S99 

When civil duigmm flwt grewltf^, i • ,.' i 

And men fell out Uiey knew not why. 

Duke Ht1iii»tlltEY. In the old ebarch of 8t. Paul's, 
one of the aisles was called Duke Uamphrey's 
Walk, from a received opinion- that Humphrey, 
called the good Duke of Glouoestinr, was buried 
there, which was not the fact; he was buried at 
St. Albah^s,' and the monument in Sc/PauFs^Tup- 
posed to be his, was that of Sir John Beau<!hamp. 
As many persons, who had riot the means of pro- 
curing a dinner, spent that hour of refectio.h in this 
public walk, it became a proverb to say of a per- 
son who ih>m necessity <iOuld not procure that 
meal, that he had dined with Duke Humphrey. 

Are they none of Dmke H ti mphr tf^t ftivM } ^ you think that 
fhet d6tl8*d this Iplot in Fanl'8 to get a dinner? 

. O. P. A li^TCHAT'MllMVIOM^ 

To arek his dinner in Ponies ^th iHi^tf fiiiMn|iAr€|r. 

Gab. HARtitlB Fotra LsttfeM aniiI Sqnnxts. 

Dumb shemT/ kkind of pantomimicacl Exhibition on 
thesttt^, generally preceding each act of the 
ancient drains, Whh intent td convey to tfi^ audi- 
ence such p^t6 pi the plpt of the .piece as could 
*s6t odhVi^nlently bn tbcluded in the narrative. 

Wv i0 ritaHi «*ciM^ ^flleh titart tlwr wtfie arUvi^^ 
Would ask a long and tedious oircnaMtance. 

O. P. Ths Fouk AvntnUrrieiff cnK Loirnox. 

Who for the most put ttfe di^ifilcl of nT)tKISi^1»ut inexplicable 

dumb shewM, ' ' 


*Sfi)o«l h« Is nmfiihed it aAddenljr is A dtnU shew, 

' Ol P. Thb Ho« b-atb LotT His Pxarl. 


222 . . ' A gjjossariai. a»d . . 

Dump (Ootb. domp), sorrow, sadness, and bence s 
ndaneholy tune or air became so called. 

llMfe it bowling and scbqwlinr* all castt in Hat dtrnqte, 

O. P. Gammbr QuATOit't Nsxnu. 

BUS an old fhoo^ite to diein dMvM stete. 

Spsnsck's F. Quxsv, 

* ■ To their imfnunentt 
• Two GswTf . or TssosA. 

Dun, the iiame of tbe common hangman, circa 164d; 
his pred^tjcessor was Gregpory Brandon, and his snc- 
cessor Jack Ketch, whose name still survives, and 
has. been appropriated to erery finisher of the law 
since his death. 

Prateribed !■ lew uMl ezoeutoa; 

And, wbile tbe work it etnyinff 01^ 
Be ready listed under Dun, 


Had tied it up wllb as mucb art 

As Jhm himself could 0o. 

CofTOW's ViKo. Tbat. 

DlTP, to do Up, to open as the latch of a door. 

lob ween9 tbe porters are drunk. Will they not ikp thie gvte 
to day? O. P. Damov ano PmiAtr 

' Then op be rose and doan'd bis dotbesr 
And dupp*d tbe chamber door. 

Duresse (F.), imprisonment^ severity 

Love bath to him great distresse. 
He bath no need of more dursne. 

Chavcbu's Rom. of tmb Boss. 

DwALE (Ger. dwfden)^ a nareotiek heib, called also 
deadly nightshade. ' 

Him needed no dwaky 

The miller bath so wisely bibbed ale. 

Cbaucbb's RbtbIs Taub. 

Arise aium (quod sbo) i what have ye dionken dto^r 




Eager (F. aigre), keen, sharp, biting^ 

It is a nipping and an e<v^ ^* 


Eath (S. eathe), not difficulty easy. 

For much more eaih to tell the starres <m high, 

Alhe Oey endleese seem. \ 

Spxnsbk's F. Qubbw.- 

Were ease BboaBds» its eath to daamiss. 


Eavbs dropper (S. efese and droppa), ft person 
who listens under the windows of a 'house; thai 
is, under the eaves or edges of the roof overhangs 
lug* the walls. 

Such langnage as no morttl ear 

Bat spiritual eooet tfrof^tlMrt can hear. 

What makes yon listen, Uien/ Get farther o|r. 

1 preach not to thee, thon widced eaoet dropper, 


Ecstacy (Gr.), a word formerly used to si^poify 
disturbed intellect or aberration of, mind ; in thk 
sense if is now obsolete. 

Now see that noble and most sorereign reason 

BlB S tia wi th ecsisqf. 


It was also used to denote anxiety or uneasiness of 

Better be wlQi UusdMii^ 
Than on the tortore erf the mind t9lf6> 
In restless eetiacy, Macbith. 

Efforce (F.efforcer), to force by Tiolence, toTio- 
late by force. 

Them to nfi»^9€ by violfiiM.ovwfBBg. 

SrBN8BB*8 F. QfQMMttt 

Eft (S. eftan), soon, quickly, speedily, again. 

Bfl tbroagli tbe thick they heard one rad^y rash. 

Spbn8br*8 F. Qcskn. 
For 80, at least, I hare preserved the same 
With hands profane from being eft betray*d. 

Eftsoons (S. ^ and twm), soon afterwards, in a 
short time, agam. 

•^^i*-^**^ Tin diaBlffmi sttMM 
V/tso9ni dismounted iroai his WMfller IMt*. 


^Hite sitM, fit tcm*d abocct his steed, 
And iifisoons <m ttt' adventore rid. 

Egal (y.^id), equal. 

" . '4.' ••ii'..' 

f And such an egahmae hath nature made 
B«Cir«sa tbe bfoaiinn df ofl4 Mhfe^ Met. 

O. P. FbrIWX A»9 fp9M9*' 

— — And for extent 

Of £^0/ jtutice used In sodi'lsoiitetta^. 

TIV. Andronicus. 

EggemenV (S. eggian), iodu^^meAt, incitement, 
pfoeufi6me&t; we still use the phrase ^* to eg^ 
<nr,'* to instigate. 

■ 0Mtt«lstkAtlliiim|^wMAaft*fc«a[^rfeMMi^ ' ''-''■• 
Mankind was borne lyad itampned-ifty^ to die^ . ,, ^ 

Chavcbr's I^an'os* Lawxs'1(alb. 

EiSEL (S. aisfl), vinegar, • asy sitioiigaeid. 

■ With ewe/stroiy and iMfgen 
Aild^ Uh0rc^ nie was lcn6^ tfdfl m6ii;2r&. 

Chaucbr's Rom .-or thjI ^^^^M, 

Lik«« wiVipff |ntie»t| I wfll drink 

Eke ' (S. ^oc), also,. Kkewisi^. 


Most brisky ^UTcnal, and eke most loVlSly Jew. 

Mintv Ki*d#r'8 nMMMi. 

Mbrrt Witxi of Windsor. 

Elanox (F. eUmeer), to throw or cast as a lance. 

Hanjli words, that once ekmetd, mwt ercr iy. 

Eld (S. eald), a general term for old age and de- 
erepitode^ and sometimes for old persons. 

To djden ftjUce bad made her cM. 

Chavcbk's Rom. or tbs Itflrfa*- 

As feeling wond'rous comfort in her wieaker tU, 

SPBN8xa*s F. Qvaay. 

■ Thy blazed youUi 

Baofma annnged, and dotb beg the alms of palsied ekt. 


Eldridoe or Eldrich. The derivation of Aiis 
word 18 not found in any of the old glossaries ; il 
is chiefly used in Scottish poetry, and has various- 
neaiilngs; as« hideous, wild, ghastly, be. 

niesMH^eknigb^ fomiekleofmigbt, ' 

WiU examine yon befome. 

O.B. Sihi Cavuni.. 

' ' laltbly of forme with crukit camscbo beik, 

' Vgsome to here was his wild cfitcAe shi;^^. . 

Gatxx 1>ovqlau, 

The creature gave an eldritch langh. 


Elknchi (O. F. denche), a sophistical argument; 
fidsehood under the semblance of truth. 

And I will bring you witii your pack 
Of fiOlaeies V eletuM back. 


Elf (S.€B^e), a fwy or hobgoblin of diminutive 
stature, and benoe it became a general name fof 
a dwarf. 

11ie«(^q:iieeDewlliiherjoUoampagne, . 
Danced ful oft in many a grene mode, 

CHAucxa*8 Wtri OP Bat%. 

■ ■ ■ FairygiBse^ 
'Whose midnight reTeis by some forest side 
Or foontaint some belatedp^asaat loes. 


326^ ' A O&OSSABIAA MID*' ^ 

Elf locks^ Mr twisted in ^ kfiot*, »iip{MMie4 to bi 
done by the fairies. 

Tills that very Mab, 

That plats tht manes of hones in the niiilye^ 
And bakes the tlf ioekt in foal sluttish hain. 


Eliminate (L. etimino), to liberate^ to set free. 

Lock'd up thoa*rt hood all o'era 
And ne'er etimituU*ti fhy door. 


Eloigne (F. eloigner), to renioT* on* from an- 
«oth<pri to put at a distance. 

From wofldly cares he did hlms^ e»topne» 

■#iiNiSM*a f . QmnMr. 
To anger destiny as she doth oi) 

H0W I ihaU ftar ttiottfli A« f«^riM US tlHUk 


Embay (F. haigr^), to bathei weti or wasli. 

For in her itreamliir Uood ht #A 

Hit UtOa hands. 

SfWrtMi*! F.-Qvsiv. 

Embravb (from brave), to adorn or make fioe by 

The great earUi's womb tiiey open to the sky. 

And with aad cypress seeinly it emhrme. 


Embrouded (F, broder), adorned with needle- 
work, embroidered. 

JEmftrofMfotf was he, as it weren a mede { 
All fhU of fresh flonres, both white and raA; 

CHAucEa's Knight's Taxx. 

BUK (S. eome), an undo. 

Whilst they were young, Cassibelan, their efw. 
Was by tiiepeoitt^duiaen in their stead. * 

Spskssr's F. Quibk. 

Emmew (from mew)t to coop or mew up, 

Nips y«iith ith'liead and fblies &c^ gmmew 
As the IWoon dolh the fowl. 

MXAS. FOR Mxf 8. 

Empai.£ (F. pnpakr), Weaclpse with pa)e»» tofemc^ 
Qrfortify. , 

Round about her work she did empale 
■ . Yfltk i ftir border, mrooglit of suiifir7 AmcPM. ■ 

SrsifssR's F. QvssN. 
And when I have the bloody Rectdr found, 
.£Mpal0 him witii your weapons looail aheiit* 

Taoi. AND C^BgglDA* 

Empeaoh j(F. empeacher), to oppose or hinder. 

Ttiere an huge heap oi slngnlfes <iid oppr^ 

His stru^Hnr soul, and sweUiartbrohB ^mpe^k . 

His ftUt'ring tongue. 

Sfsnbbr's F. QvKKur. 

Emfery (O, p. empere), empire, sovereignty, rule, 

•—-—*« Or thore we'll stt. 
Ruling in large and ample emperp. 

What right had Csdsar to ^e emjitffyf 

O. P*. Tbb Jbw of Malta. 

Ebipight (from pigkt, to pitch), -fixed, fastened, 

Sxceedttg griflllimt-woiuiA in him MiiKirM. 

' ^ Sp£Nsbr*s F. QvsBur. 
, Tlien forward msh'd, impatient to descry 
' What towns and castles thwehi were emplgkt. 

Wi^st's Education. 

EsfPRiSK (F. emprise), a hazardous attempt or en- 
terprize^ of which last word it is an abbreviation 

Toumays he heeded not, nor war^s empriae. 


A double conquest must you make, 

, . If you atdueve renown by this emprise, 


EMiTtfi i(P. emyler)y to strive to ^xcel, to rival, to 

He ritting me beside, in that same shade 

Provoked me to play some pleasant fit. 

Yet emuling my pipe. 

S«XNSM's-P# QiTMir. 

-228 A 6U>8SAftlAL l4Mb - 

Em AUNTXR. No deriTation is giTen «f ihis word in 
any of the old glossaries^ and its precise meaBiBg 
is not settled. Todd supposes it to refer to ement, 
bat withoQt probability, as iio deinition of that 
word corresponds Mrith the sense of this. It is said 
by one of Spenser's commentators to mean lasC Aat, 
and the Glo9sari/ to Whir's Metrical Romamces 
explains it by the word againgi. 

To Jttste with hym «R with Immce, 
£muUjfr hya tf dde twjrlk a dunmce. 

JLcru. or Rich. Cobvr dk Liok. 

With them it fits to ctfe for their heir 
Etuutnter their heritage do impair. 

SnviBK's Shsp. Cal. 

Ekcheson (O. F. euchaisan), cause or occasion. 

Thus shAlt tilon monrn and eke complain. 
And set encAeMn to fon again. 

Chaucbr's Rou. or ¥hb Rosi. 

Certes, said he, well mote I shame to tell 
The fond mcAmwm that me hither Md. 

SpsNssa's F. QirasK. 

Enfeoff (a law term, from the low Latin feoffa- 
merUum, signifying* to give lands, &c. to one, or to 
him and his heirs, by the delivery of ^seizin and 
possession of the property )9 to surrender or give 

Grew a companion to the common streets, 

Eitfe^pd himself to popularity. 

1 Fart K. Hbm. iv. 

Enfouldred (F.foudre), mixed with lightning. 

Heart cannot think what cries. 

With fool ettfimldred smoak and flashing 4re, 

The heU4nred heast threw forth. 

Spbnsbr's F. Qvbin. 

English MoLt« This woman's name was Mar^ 

Frith, edttUKitfliheiAletf Iflbll Gdtptfr^e,# notorious 
fmHtbte; pl^etiress, apd thief« .j[eDer|Uiy. bahited; 
M a maD, and witH a ferocity of countenance and 
character that w^ouM not* biM belkid the woTst of 
tBal Bex; she lived in the time of Charles h andr 
ihoiig^h'giiiity of nom^oas crimes^ which deaerr^ 
ilie extreme pdnidHnevft of the law, she died 
peaceably in her 76Chyoiff(^ 

At Mm of IMkM'vft l ft< | i m M9a, 

ISngom (Drom gore), te pierce or prick. > ^ 

As savasie boll whom two fierce mastiA iMiit, 
When rancour doth with t»ge him once engare. 

SraNUft*t' F. Qinmr. 

EN^aitATE (ftom grave}, to put in the gThrey to in* 



IS feoBlj sort their corset to engruw, 

ItstMMlt (O. F. efi$a.inple}y pattern^ example. 

Upon his feete «nii ih Ur hand a Mafe, 
This nohle ^fu^tmph tohivahepe he yafe. 

CnAVOBE't Pao. to Parson's Talc* 

EN90diH3S {T>ea. evMthaizen), to hide or entrench. 

I wiU € Mfmce me hcflntnd the arras. 

MxRRT Wivas OF Windsor. 

A foil of error to entctmee 
Absurdity and ignorance* 


EnsKam (from seafn), to enclose. 

And hoonteoas Trent, that in himself emeamt 
Both thirty sorts offish and thirty sundry streams. 

Spsnbsr's F. Quaair. 

Entail (P. efUailler}, to carve, enlay,or engrave. 

WHa Iftre hvardes, wrought M. well» 
An helme be hadde of ry(!he entaUe* t • .r ./ 

« Ron. OF Rich* Cava s~B ti'oN. 


AU btirM wllfa goUcD boidf^ wMA «■• M^rleiC 

Entente (F. a£f enler), attack. 

fteanilmt ttmn gm toi 

If IM Biflit Itat ifSf fMlmlff. 

Bntitt (L. enlUas), a metapbyrical term, signify- 
ing being, essence, or a particular species of beiiig. 

Dear hope, etxth*! dowry udlicsTai't dcM^ 
Hie M<a;y or tkiagMlMit ■■• bdC 7ft 


Here 0rfi% aaS ^iMIIIyf 


Entrail (It inindciare), to niBgley diyeriify, or 


A mile wicker iMAet, 

Made of fine twigs, enlretffi^vfloeslT. 

SrnrSB&'t Pao* 

Abottt llM whfcdi two ietfents weren wound, 

Bntramled matoaUj. _ 

SrairaBB's F. QtrBSf. 

Entremsss (F. entremeU), dhoiee dUhea lenwd in 
between the courses of a feast. 

And tablet ftiB ot m U n tme tM ^ 
I wol no Itfe but ease and pees. 


Enucleate (L.enucleo), to solve, explain, or dis- 
entangle; literally, to take out the kernel from 
the nut. 

Oh ! that I could trtneletUe, 

And solTe the proUem of my lieite. 


Ephesian, a cant term in the tipae of Shakspeare, 
the precise meaning of which is not ascertained, 
but IS supposed to signify a toper or dissolute 


wiMtuuiiipiiiyr ' 

— Ji^pAfflpiifi my lofi» of ttw oM diiirdi. 

S Past K^ 9iii. it. 

' It !h thine h6it,tliineJI>A«iiafic«]]ii. 

Mekt ^rrsf ov WkmrtOB. 

Erinnts (6r.), the Airy of discord, but nsed in 
poetry to «i§piiifjr nkflchief or discord in general. 

AifHiflmitkinl»! iHMkfe coned e?il iprite ^ 
Or ra erduqr* in your noUt harts 
Her l^eUiili teoBtf he|h kindled r 

Ko mote tiie fhtnly fKMpt of lUt floii 

ShftU dnb IMT Upi vMi lier own ehadres^ blood. 

1 Pakt K. Hbn. it. 

BRKfe (S. esrg), slotbftil, lizy, idle ; it is still ift 

use in the word irksome. 

• ■ • < 

And if tlMl dodo bo not Jflre^ 
* » But oft sifhes hMnt that wofce. 

. OBAVomi'i lUw* ov TBI Bour* 

Ekeant (F. erf«mr)i roTiqg or wandering, a naaat 
applied to an ordwr of Icnigfats who weili about to 
redress injuries ; in its general sense, it iMttS a 
deviation from a r^^lar eourse, and, by implica- 
tion, a vicious or abandoned character. 

Chief of doMetie knigMi and «rr«nf, 
Sliier for ehaitel or tior wanraat. 


Thy company, if I dept nottery w^ 
A-niahIa, noald make me an emni fcei. 

B. Jonsok'i Catauiw.' ' 

Erra Pater, the real or fictitious name of an astro* 
loger, who flourished some centuries ago, bat of 
whom nothing more than the name appiearf re* 
corded. Butler sarcastically gives Yfm. Lilly, the 
astrologer, the name of Erra Pater. 

In inatbfiB a tic i lit ftMj pm ry 


An almanack was called JErrfl Paier, from iU 
being adorned probably with the head of the as- 
. trologer. 

Dirty Dtecpiber -wtth • Uat w old ■■ SmJPmifff* 


Erst (S. arsta), formerly^ heretofore^ loDg* ago. 

SrMt wer you fiithcr, ud now WOMt m.tonijr 
nur nottier*8 part atoo, fbr lo now hefe Ily. 

Jbn T. Mou. 

7UX, v§t didialtoiw thy jiipi rinriflt mtitto. 

8 PAttT. K. Rnw. jrt. 

^soHKW (O. F. Hohivtr), loMrold^^bWiM ihriidi 

Hie old year^ liBt Itavfpwl, lit «• fidkfw 
And fly tbi fMOti vitaivliSQii wo dM«ekiid. 

•NWfM*! r. Qiriyir. 

EsGUTS <F, 99crifi)f % writing. 

J trowe It wore tp loBf tp yovilo tir&^ 
If I ytm t^'^cf erory Merite and bond 
Jly wMe]i4io WM ftoM inlililOBd^ 

EsFiRaiiCs (F.), hope. 

. TobeiwDc^} 

Tlie lowest moot dejected tliinc of foKtone 

Stands etttl in «qienMot. 

K. LxAS. 

Espial (F. espier), a spy, one sent to bring intelli*- 
gence or make discoveries. 

H«r iotber and aiyaetf OttwfU «4»ialf ) 

WiU 80 bestow ourseiTes, tbat seeinci unseen 

We may of their encounter frankly Jud^e. 


&SS01GNE (F. eBMnik), an excuse ;. it is a )aw t^cni> 
signifying a legal excuse for not appearing or 
ans we^ng ^ process. 

.9«KM.'a Goit. Aau 

MtiMtbeiiAi tttrioiitAtiY. iifs 

£stiiiotiy a bird of Uie largest •peoieft, now written 


Tlie »6«codk nottaf thy .i ■■■ ■ ...j.. 

Her glorioiit tiMit,itatetMek tacir'nae plimles. - 


fisTUME (L. e$hi0), yiotent oommotioo^ the swell 
and fall of water. 

— — — Hie seu Tetein 
Kot'oAlf dkelhoiltfigeoui eihtre there, 
BntflK^pefBatatal miiohief. 

£ternb (O. F. elMKf)i, perpetual; without limity: 

Bat itt ttaa Mitiire^s copy's waltefeihu: 


tivANisH (LievakBsed), tb disappear, to escape iiil-' 



Or 1iiiib1lM-i*MMm*8 loHtf futt; 

dviTATs (L. evitoyi to Attii» aiFoM, or escape fironi^ 

A tlywMrtHI ttMUgliwiS cwrsed Itoqw. 


tfwFtES (S. e/fl^la)^ water lizards^ called alsd newtt 
and efts. 

OalffheseaHDrMies <imI mlxle \>bgfpSt - 
UiVift^aitt^UfUloX tw/Ua do boUA tiMtf bowers. 

SriNSSft*8 F. Qussir. 

ExEQUisa (L. eare^tce), funeral rites. 

ThsaoUe DOke of Bedford, late deceesM } 
But tee bis «ri««tet ftdSiieit ib ftooefa. 

1 Part K. Hbn. ti. 

Whateyefeye sbaU fiad theb«tefi:^S(?oU 

. After tbe date of my^dearMref'tfiet. 

Hall's Satires. 

EtTEiTN (L. erttmu9), visible'^ outward. 



WhfB wcf otttwiid tctioa dolli dmomlnte 
^Hm ii«tt?<» tel tad flfore of mf taeait 

In compliment extern, 


Eyas (F. ntota), a young bawk, onlledg^ and in- 
capable of attacking itt prey. 

Like qrof hawke, op moonte mitD flie ikf , 
Hia newlr badded pinions to msaj. 

FAcnronoiTfli (L.ybcfiH»), widced, bad/.' 

He is of a most /MlnorMM spirit. 

All*« "KmLL fiUT SiTd* *^lb.' . 

Facond (O. V./aeqn4}> eloqu<&nt 

Who had beoi there and liking Ibr to here 
His /«eofM{ tongniCf and Vermes exquisite. . 

' CHAUOsn's Tlioi. AVD Chits. 

Fadge (Sk gefegaii), to suit, fit, or be conTeoi^dt. 

Holrwi^.tM»>d5rr^' ' 

Tw>i.«m NiQBT. 

ini hare thy adTice, and if it/^^e, flioa Shalt eat. 

O; P."2fOf«BB BOMKS. 

Fading^ the name of aa..Irisb dance^and abo the 
burthen of a song. 

See yon yond mott<»Li Not. the Qld/odiiy. > 

B. JoNSOii's Srio.- 
Not one amongst a hundred will fUl 
But nndar her coats the ball wiU be foond. 

O. P. Tan Bnui in a Ca«b«. 

'Fagb^ a merry tale or fable. 

I say, thee shortly hold it for no /age, 
AE this shall toome onto thy damage. 

LTi»«ATa*8 Hist, ov Tubbs. 

Fain {S.fegn), ghd, merry, cheerful. 


As-lonto is /oinc when tl»t tiie«a]i]ie nfriielli.; . i ^ { 

CMAVCia'fl SBIPSfAK't Tals. 


No man allTe so/oin as I. 

2 Pabt K. Hair. ti. 

. • -. • i 

Faitour (O. F. faitour), an evit doer, scoandreL 
meal, a dissolute idle person/ synomnious wiih 

O bitter diang:e! for master now we see; 
A/aitour» TiUain, carle of low deipree. 

Wat's FAa. Lay of thb Littlb Bs«b> 

Ikito new woes unweeting I was cast 

Bjr this fiilse/oUoiir. i, • 

SpsNSsa*^ F. Qrsiir. 

Falpino (S. fealdiim}^ a Idnd of coarse cloth, a 
woollen mantle. 

Re rode upon a ronncie, as he eoatfi» 

In a gonne atfiUtdng to the knett -' < i 

CHAUCsa^s Pao. to Sbipmah's Talb. 

Falling band, a sort of tippet or«hirteollar, hang«- 
ing* brer t^e shoulders, worn in the time of Chas. l^ 
and which succeeded the stiff ruffb worn preyiously. 

One, sir, of whom he bespake/a/Hnf ba$»di, 

O. P; Tarn BoJiaiko GtfkzS 

If yon shonld take a nap in theafternoour jom fattkig imtA 
requires BO poking stidc to recover its form. 

Ok^ tiTkn>liAMoiffnMnr 

Fan- (S» fmm). Fans made of the fbatbers of -the 
ostrich or other birds of fine plumage, were in- 
troduced into England temp* Hen. VIII. and were 
expensively mounted with gold, silver, or ivory, 
and a looking glass was sometimes sei^ above the- 

If I do not biiaf her to thet, or at tiie least some special 

fftYou from her, as a fetUker/irom htf/ath te* 

O. P. May DAT* 

3SB A OUMSA01AL Mill • 

Fang (S.fangeh), to seize, g:ripe, orclatch. 

Destruction /cfffiMnUiMl I etxth yieM roots. 

Tim. of AmBm. 

Famglk (S. /engan)^ an idle schene or fiisbionv 
hence new (kngled^ is new iashioned. 

In hii luad a baminf HMfbe bore, 

Voh of titee Mlies and new /onf Minei m. 

8p«irtBa*t F. Qoaav. 

Be not, at In fUt/iutgiti tmidf a gartUMt 

NoUer thaa tlute it eoren. 


Faudbl (It, fardMoy a little paek of bundle. 

Then goeCh be/«nKlff ftar to botfk 

OkULVen'fl Kan. tfr n» Kosi.- 
Who woold/bitfef* bear, 
To groan and sweat nadar a va«f life. 

Vmke (Bifare)^ way or panage. 

Go, ficaxl, oiAoimjfgre, 
AadMahoond g*v«>ttk«»ialclA»fl*i«-; 

.Sia BsTis oy HAMfVoif. 

Fahthimoaxe^ aBoop orcircleof wbalehone^ wom- 
' by wonie&' about tfie latter end of the llSth cen- 
iliry; tbey were so preposteroasljr large, as to 
giforise ttm proverb-^' send rardingales'to Broad- 
gales (ib Oxford)/' for the* wearers could not 
enter an ordinary siaaed doorway exeeptrndcways.- 

Two GaNTs. Of VsaovA. 
ms ftdsfi for A i lfc m - wo re itf hair 

Bound taMe likea/ar/Aifv«fe. 


Fatigatb (L. fatigo), to weary, likJ; or exhaust' 
with labour. 

■ ■ Stnl^UidealltottsifMt 

Reqnidtaii'd wluA i»ieih wmfUiHai** ■ 


Fawe^ glad, fain.. : < - 

llie dilictfeti il^m ftd/aiMJ of KSt«. 

Roil, ov Oct. Imf. 

Ttet«dieafkanlq)lliUnf^Uwa8«Bil/iM0e. , 

-€MAu<^ii^ Pko;' ¥• Tn Wira -or 9atb.. 

Fay (F./oy), ftith, tra*. 

Whether sayest thou tJ)is.||k:f|pmMr |n jiMfi 
V^» «Md Aidte, ^CBiest, hjmjfajf. 

i(}it4fmf^\B Knioht's Talb.- 
TMffM %aviocur garres men missay 
Both of their doctr^e |t«il tbc^/dgf* 

Fay (V.fie), » fliSry M eK. 

Aitiilll Mitow ikiftod fi^ 

FsAT <F. iia» /«;<), Beftt> dtxtfoot, •UKiL 

Footlt/MMrf hfretadtbtrt. 

■ ■ Tnimr. 

Fbb simple (L. fewlun^ aimflex), a Utw term, de« 
notmir Aiqr |Mro|>epiy or possessions ta which a 
nan l\as ah ajbsolate and unconditiomil tip}^t fo 
him and his hou^« 

^loir JOtem toryer i(rhtn he land ironUI let, 
Or itill/M #im^ ^ hiy nwpt<t,mw . 

fibSBfBSB'jl ^. |{|l>BAm»*l TAI.S. 

JSor m qw* 4(M«, lus wmild mU the /M jiii«Rl* of kit Ml^ 

^f4,^^w^vh «iuv si«M %H^ 
Fja.L (S./pfl), Jhe hide or.sfiin of ?i.l).ewt; )>^Wer 
in skins is still called a fellmonger. 

r i . ■ ■■ ! ■! V^t^iiMBH*! 
;^ jpcUiwe ph^ df vonr them, flesh •aA/ell, 
Ere they shtU make me weep. 

Fkltu (tnmfiUj, to opniitoie or fijWft togsilhi^^, 
as felt is with^itf w^vuig, to ^a^ffey 


Attov lito bdlkii Uart lodDN liy 

^tUtrtd BiilMft^ omfrct vlllk frMlii 1wqm« 

CBAveiB't Tnr. ov CmMtitn. 

FimmTB (F. femme), feiiia1i» qudUiet^ the be- 
haTioor and eoBditioa of females. 

TiM iMt BuumMi !■ eonititooii* 

Aad toiUMd up in trat/naMfM. 

8pnnnn% F. Qvmm. 

FsOrriD. See ''Enfeoffed/' 

If I fM told of eroTf MCfilt tad bOBd 
By wliidL IM wM/MTed !■ kit loMto. 

OSAMi»'» MnoBAin's Tale, 

Fbrk (S./era), a mate or eompanion^ whether male 
or female, and tometimes a hatband or wife; -by 
some antbors written phetre. 

And CMibel took pMnhiiw to httffr§^ 
Thit wbidi 9M life were eaeli to oUicr Udbr' 

, So Jove M your iigli Tiitact donedtNTftb 
€nBt yoB-aoiA Mt^** » flo^y yov TirtoM lirvt. 

Pup. to O. P. ok Tamcwmb amd OnmvnBA* 

FiRLiK (8.), a Strange or wonder Ail event 

Who heoid erer twilke a/er^p ttOh^f, 

Cbavcbb^ BsteU Talb. 

(te a IKsy BMNmiBf , on HaSvon hOliy 


P. Plowman*! Paib. 

FmMERERB (L. infirmarius), an oflScer in a re- 
ligious house appointed to take' care of the infir- 

So did onr sexton and our /binavrtf. 

CsAVCBB't 8oHnrooR*8 Talb. 

Fkrn aKKD. To gather fern seed was an ancient 
snperstition, said to render the person invisible by 
Us means or the method of gathering, it 


Wt ilMl ■■ iB a etiUe, ooeksure I we h|KV« tlie M^celpt of 
/m mmI; we ^itfk UvfiiUble. 

1 Pabt K. Hsv. IX* 

Fksobnminb, an epithalamiain or nuptial toBg, 80 
ealled from Fesoeimia, a town in Italy, wbcfe 
songs of this kind are said to baye been first in- 

Mr. MetM^ell w«B newly manled, 
Aad ttKMg|« It cpod lliat we aboold gigttiy h^ 
Aad alMfW o ura e iwi to him in ^feeMne. 

O. P. tarn Ommmjan, ' 

Fkscue (L.fe^uca), a pointed stick oriinstrament 
used to direct children in reading. 

The/MftiiM of the dial it vpos tiie CHise craase of noon. 

O. P. Thx Puritan Wioow. 

''Why noilsht not he, ^aa wdl at ollicn done. 

Rite from hls/MciM to a. Littleton ) 

Hall's SATiass. 

FssTiNATB '(L./esfma^ic«), hasfy, in a harried man- 
ner,.. - 

Give eii]a^[senie»t to tiie swain, ha(iBv him fettinatelg mther. 

' JjOTS*a JjaovM. Lost. 

:Pbt (S.fiUm), the old Saxon for the^nodem word 
fe(A;io go or bring. 

(Gkithonie with thy fewel, make retOjtofei, 
The tocmer t3H) easier canriace to fet. 


FsTTOK, to bustle^ prepare^ or make ready ; a word 
still in Qse in some parts of England. 

Tlien John hente «p hisloni^ beade-how. 
And fettled him to shoote. 


But sells his teaae and/e^MiM to the wane. 

Hall's Satirss. 

Feutkr (O.F./cufrer), to make ready. 

His spear he/eafred Mid at htan he V>re7 

FEUTERBtt (O. f . ixxultrier)^ a dog,keeper,biil ap- 
plied also as a cant term for aeontemptibleleUow^ 

MAStlNa«»*S nCTOEI. 

FtDVCtAt (L. JUkcia}^ uodbabting^ haviblf both 

Cashiered of pay, JUueini finromloit. 

Wat's Fas. Lat or 8m ^bublan. 

Flhw (& cr/yton)^; to sully or defile. 


As luit ta>llf my bands ki TiBains' Uolod. 

O. P« IflSBBIBS Q9 EirVmraVft'lfABBf AOff. 

Pilifp, to jerk by a sudden motion with the finger 

Yon JlUip me o*th' liead. 

Tboi. ajid Cbbss. 

ir I do, /l/^ me witb a threeaiaa teetie. 

2 Part K. Hbv. Hr. 

FiNOLB FANGLE^ a trifle, a thing of no import. 

We acrea ia nothing but to jangle 

About tlie sUghtefft^^le/nvlfc. 


FiRK (L.ferio), to beat, whip, or chastise. 

He would prove a tMeJMchtg satirist. 
And draw the core forth of impostnm'd sin. 

O. P. Antonio and BIbllida. 

Vlljirk him and ferret him. 

K. Hbn. v. 

Fisher's Folly, a splendid house with pleasure 
gardens, erected in Bishopsgate, by Jasper Fisher, 
one of the six clerks in Chancery, which, in the 
time of Stowe, was called Devonshire House, and 
occupied by the Earl of Bedford. From the cir- 
cumstanee of its being built by a man of small 

nteans, aind wholly unsuitable to his raiik in life> it 
Teeeived the former name. 

Thatrq^reieiit no part of ttie natioii 
Bat JWfttt^ A% eongrettHiMu 


Fit, FiTTE^ and fyt, the divinon or /parta of a 
poem or son^; also, a strain in music 

Tint day, tlMt day, that diedfcd day, 

The tktstfil^e here I flnd. 

0. 1. OF Cbst^ Gbaom* 

To pl^y my wi|fe and me ti/UUt 
*Wheh abed togedier webee. 

O.B. or KiKo BsTMSBa. 

Flag (S.fleogan). The old theatres were orna- 
mented with a fla^, which waved at the top of the 
building' during^ the time of the performance; it 
was taken down in Lent, when no plays were 
suffered to be represented, hence the allusion in 
the quotation. 

Tit Lent in your cheeks, the Jlag'§ down. 

O. P. A Mad World, Mt Mastbbs. 
Shelnkes downe ^eflagge, belike the play ia done. 

Dbkka&'s Whobji of Babylon. 

Flam (Goth. JHmmay, a deceit, delusion, whim, 
falsehood, or pretext. 

Afiam more lenseless than therogmery 
Of old arospiey and aocniy. 


Flap dragon, a play or 45port, by catching at raising 
or other things put in a bowl of ignited spirits ; it 
is now called snap dragon. It was formerly a 
point of gallantry for lovers to drink to the health 
of their mistresses from this burning liquid, by way 
of bravado* 

342 A aVQS$A RVailr Afi9^ 

liOTB'fl Labour Lmt. 

^I<y 4rag9Hs, heaUh8, whift, MA«llfiil^aBMiK«lilf kHPHHBK 

Flap jack, a soil 9t pwa oi w •^•ppto puff. 

Dereur tlieir cKeeie cakes, qq^ pics, eretm snd costwds. 

O. P. Tmm JoTtAi. Ga«w. 
Thog 8jMi»g»linMS, it welt-hicf JBih Ihi jil ilsf ; 

Fish fog i mfim <w < fc Oil ynfVH n ^ t»M (i M ' "^»^ ' ^ 

Flax ccaf. A iai cap, similar to the one now worn 
by the boys of ChtiATs. BoapiOl), was formerly 
Xtted by the con^mon people and shopkeepers of 
Eondon, as part of their ordinary dress. 

Miffrr, pko, Ooodnuu J1Sslnq»: *8fMCt tto*^ I «m m p m 0tm, 

Oi P. SASTWAJlb Rot. 

Al eatt^«%.Sk*%iR)aiig^cMat>T jiiitl— wi, or4ritikbowlB# 
all^, 19, a /of ciiPa like i^shonl^^^mr. 


Flaw (L.Jfo), a sudden blast or gusJLof wiiidi. 


Flawe (L^jCiNi^*), jpeli^w, cf^the eel^uref gold. 

And lIBfey fbrhed had this ereatorc 

Cbaucbb'8 Coubt op Lovb. 

Flawn (S.^evia), a cheese cake or custard. 

FiU &t9n witil/ounw;, qiopQ^y^t^^ I^Pt 
To-morrow thy MCbtr hto wake day win kc^. 


Vlr9€)K (Qer^ JtistKy^ te spot, stttpe^ Tari^ate^ or 
nmik wiib di'vert cotoors. 

i»f»t ttie peiBlidr^BtAflM JoBe ftttliiw 
IH was <^ #(B|M aad^f^AMUis a fto. 

ABN|>CnMLdll<uWI»iittl^%4RXMM94i n^ 
From fbith day's fttlhwBy. 

Fleme (S.fiyma), to batoisliot expel. 

i^hmn Iwlk lust his dnimina<ia», 

P^emere of fiendiM. 

ClHLlreiWs lAxJf 9ft Lawks Talk. 

Flvt^cbbm, (Ol V^fieAer), a «&ker of arrows. 

Her mind rafifet)l*tii|Bn a^Miritor<orbdlr:fer. 

_ O.P. ▲ llASOa AT MiONIOVT.. 

Y— g Iwihwiri^ijgrfcAer, I warrant. 

O. P. TaS PlTTTAiW. ' 

Flew, tfael«r|fe cfaopi of a honiid. 

Such as jTOU are tu t f ^ti f ^ belxHtti^ dfach less hontmen« • 
ttiat luow ant wlwn &te«Ni« II llMt, Mr ^(we^ 

O-P. MtoA».- 

FLiemt (S.^icoeran}, to flutter as with wingSi to 
have n tr^umtous mbtion. 

• aBAia«tetM11l^^Hftill%ftl«athttt) 

CnAucaa's Taoi. and Cassa. 

ftmr dfftfc, a ]Mtt hold «r fbtwiatfl lien|r. 'GKH !b 
the cootrai^mi ef a wmitiii'v «htifl(^Mi iMne. 

tt » <t tt AND Jj7U«T. 

71i<»i'lobk*»t me IV at et^aj srovd 1 qtoke 
AB 1 hifllMai k matrtdn or J^t tnsoii. 

Bbawort ^kd AiBWaua't Chancss. 

Flit (S.jfftJk^)^ to fly awigo to remove, to move 
nimbly or by vtwKa. 

Pior wliaa Ibat iil£9i«ise ^hinettilviikt 
LoTe reooreretb ayen hit light. 
And whanitiidleyi he woljlif. 

Elo iB.fia\ aa arrow. 

244 Ji GLOftSARUli >A1W . 

Ris bowe he bent and therein set %flOp 
And fin hii i»e he httth hit wife ibTBe. 

Chauoh** Mawcivlb's Tali. 

Flockmell (S.JloecnuBlum), io a flock or body, 
gathered in crowds or a largveompenjr* 

Only th^ point his people hare eo tare, 
Ihnt flockmeU on a day to him Uicy went. 

CBA0csa*'s Ccsns ov OkKFFOBn*8 Tauu 

Floitino (S./uten), wbisiliBg. 

SiBgtep he was or JloUing all the day. 

CnAOcm'e Pnii. to 'Cant* Taie*. 

FLOmfi (L.Jtumen), a sea, river, or flood# 

Tigrit, M,flome from Paradyt, 

Coffieth to that clt4 y-wli. 

Roftr. 07 K. AMUAvmnw, 

Mflomt Jordts and at BttSilcm. 

FoDtR (Ten. ffuter), h burthen; the word is still 
used tedmi^ly, as, a fodder of lead« fcc " 

Kynf Ridip laido to the modv^ 

Thou haet borne a lott/Mfr. 

Rom. or K. Atif acndrx. 

FoiN (F. poindre), to make a push or pass in fenc- 
ing; to thrust with a spear or sword. 

And after that, with shaq^ speares strong 

They/oinen ech at other. 

Chavcsr's Knioht*« Talk. 

He hew*d and lashed, md/oined and thnndred blows. 


FoisoN (O. F./ot>an), plenty,' abundance^ 

With lores fire and fishes two to fede, 

God sent his /oiMm at hire gret^ nede* 

Cba|7cbb*8 Man op I^awss Talb7 

Of its own kind aU/oicon, all abnndance. 


FoxsT (F./ai/jwer), to juggle, trick, or defraud. 

Pa^notyonr/otistonpoBBiei laliaUseetttUMni. 

B. Jonson's Volponx. 
I mean filching, foitting, niming. Jilting. 

0» P* Tm I^AVISH G/P8JMB» 

of people. 

Tv WUICU JVnh nWIIV UICJ m wRh tmc otbbqik 


Fmu» ^Ger./BM»«»X fooUsfa, silly^ indiscreet. 

RefBtm iSkef«mi, Mid stOI prarrre tli« wise. 

I. NxeHT*8 Dbbam. 

FoNDB (S./unilmfi}, to^ try or tlfive. 

To ryde forth let vs begjxme, 

Sal|i4»ii Hm towdiM tctttuoib 
And fonde hym ftr to devtroj. 

Roff. or Hie*. Ctfvs d> Lion. 

Tboofk I sicknes bare upon honde 
And long lutTC li«d» yet wiU I^biyte 

Gowsii*s Con. Am. 

FoNGE (S.), to take or veeefive. 

. . BQict»tb«naYeldo«niIijeh(»getli> 
And fool «toa an^tt/mfntk. 

RoM. •» X/ AtisAvimAa* 

Fool (O.F./otiWI). The bead of tfa» domestic fool 
was frequeaUy ehaven^ to imitate tke tonsure of 
an ecclesiastic, probably to^ beif bte» tm grotesque 

Ito Gkoedft^bttbonr him befbre. 
That M a/oolbe shoold be.diore 
All avomtd ll&e a fireyre. 


Fool, beogsd fou. See ^ Begged/' &c. 

Foot Gtoiii^ tiie housings of a horse used by the 
gentry for rUKng*; it ustially cohered the body of 
Ihe animal aad reached dow» to his heels ; persons 


of dittioction had them made of Tel vet, embroi- 
dered with gold. 

TUoudottzideon a/«o< ebdh, doct tlMmnot? 

S Fabt K. Hbn. n. 

Oar Steeds we f ornisbM with foot elotha of gold iastoed of 

saddles of steel* 

O. F. AMJ^MAwmmm avs OAiiKAtpi* 

Foot hot (a oorraptioo from the Fieoch haul de 
pUdy, immediately, in an instant, directly. 

Hie maister hvnt msob foU-JtoU 
Wtta his home blew thiee mote. ^ 

CHAcrcsK's Danrs. 
And aartliwitlnl aii0a/l»fe-4elif 

He stele the eowe. 

6owBR*s Cox. Am. 

FoRBY (from /or and by\ near to. 

, Utsoones unto an kolj hospital 

That WM/orb^ the waj she did him bring. 

Snnrsiia's F. Quiuv. 

Force (F.fareir^, to stutf ; a term in cookery still 
used in the kitchen, .as» force meai^ 

He*s not yet thorough warm, farce h&i with praises. 

TlsM. Ain> CaassiDA. 

Forcer (O.F./orcter), a chest. 

Thai dede the kyng fill twei /orcert 

Of rydie golde, &e. 

Rom. or the Sxtsm Saois. 

Fordo (B.fordon), to waste or destroy. 

But al so colde towsrdes thee 

Thy ladie is--as frost in wiirter mone, 

And thou /ortion as snowe in fire is sone. 

CHAUcaa*8 Troi. Ain» Caaaa. 

The corse they follow did with desperate hand 

Fordo its own life. 


Forspend, to avert, prohibit, or forbid. 

Now hea,y*n fortfend the holy maid with child! 

I Fasw K. Him. ti. 

Ko^ Qod/ore/end that any Should presume 
To touch the sister of a holy house. 

O. F. Tb» M aJs»T DcTU of Xvmonton. 


FoRLAiE (Tea. terlaeghen), to eotrap or seduce. 

Gif tbcre eonw usf maiden Itet is/M^'i^ 

And bowe to tlie groimde 

For to waschen ber honde, 

Tlie waterip^ yell as itwere wode. 


FoRRAY (F.fourrtiger), to ravage, spoil, or deatiroy. 

Proclaimed joy and peace tiiroagli all the etate. 

For dead now was their foe wUch them /torroj^eilMte, 

Svamm** F. Qvssn. 

Fortune Theatre. This theatre* the remains of 
which still conlinue, is situated in Golden Laile, 
the royal arms yet in being designate the house, 
which is now divided into tenements. It was pur- 
chased by Edward Alteyn, the player and founder 
of Dulwicl\ College, who rebuilt it in 1600^; it 
took its name firom a painting or statue of F'ortune, 
placed in the front; it was suppressed with the 
other theatres in 1648, and never afterwards re- 
opened as a place for dramatic entertainments*^ 

— -— — * I'll rather ataiid here, 
like the ilctore of DaJBie Forttme 
Before the Fortune playhoase. 

HsTwooD'e XjrouBR TRATStisag. 

One of them is a nip; I took him once ia th^ two penny gaUery 
at the Fortune, 

O. P. Tbm RoARXKa Girl. 

FouRBB (F.), a cheaty an impostor* 

Ihou art a false impostor and %fmrbe» 


FouTRA (JP.fofuire), a word of contempt, borrowed 
ft'om the French, equivalent to '' a fig for you.'' 

A/^utra for Uw wodd and wovUUingi hase. 

S Part K. Hiif. xr. 

2<8 ' m i3!LcH8Aiink& Mar 

For, a cftBt wor4 tigfiiiyinf lo-kilDjri«Ate; » B<m f d^ 
was also is the same lan^agv «slM a fox. 

If we do want — machluieiAM^woBki^taiC ■ Hpitiiiii, or as 
»iididriiika8woiild/(Mral!7» IkaowwiuitLkiiow. 

O. P. A llATCa AT IflDinGHT. 

Wlnt woald yoa haTe, sister, of a fellow tliat kaowa -osfSoSa^ 

Ml • UMkal Ut and M oU/m lb*tt 

B. JONSOM'S Baatb. Faie. 

FoY (F.j(bt), faiib, allegiaKice. 

Ba BHtadand sabdued and Denmaik won, 
Andof t^em both did /ay and tribote raise. 

. nmnMl F.. 

Fra«ob, (L.)^ a loud crash oi noiacu . 

Pursued by bldeons/h^esrs; thongUbcftiro 
Tlie famua dtaotnd, t&ey in tlieir DreiMaes roar. 

Frail (Q. Y.fraia$k)i9 a baaket madtt of niahet^ in 
which %s ar raisins are packedL 

Of ftoyt tiiem is grete plenty 
FyiBV* sayvyns^ t&yvtiytt** 

Rom. q9 Ri6» Cowa bb. Liok. 
Conrey yourself into a su^ar ehest^ 


Fraiiis (S.), lO'ask. 

Priam ftott oftand nhn bk awther dens, 

His brsfhwsB aa<L hfa aistiMi gan M» /iwiia^.. 

G&Miayi^a. Vaoi. and Caass. 

FRASroiD, MaferoiTSj peevish, uneasy, eross> ill 
tempered, ttoubresome ; in all these seasei it is 
vised by variotis old authors. It is a word>of no 
certain derivation and vartoasly spelV 

What a goo d^ we ai!e ymr, motSier f axv jtnfmmpuif 

ISLs OP Gulls. 
Ttuo^frgmpatd wajrs the hypocrita 
IMh tninplft ih. " 

MoBit!a Pait.QC«i. Fosaw. 

Her husband! Alas ! the sweet woman leads an ill life '^tk 
him: she laada a^vegy /Wwjq ii ft y Vh wWh Mm. 

MiaaT Wirss of Windsos. 


Pft ANION, a peffson of loose domeanoiiry m- dkBolute 
oompaiiion ; tbo word isof uiMserUdo olymology. 

But, my /nmUm, I tell you this on^ tiling.. . 


He'i ft frtEok /ranUm, a kaeny co|npaaioii, and lores a wencib well. 

O. P. 1 PAJftT K. £»W. IT. 

Frank (O. F./ranc), a faog^tye, a plac» to leo4 
hogs in. 

]>ot]i the oU boar feed in the old yVon*' 

S Part K. Hxn. it* 

FiiANkLiN (from F. franc), an ancieDt name for a 
fttiebolder of larg*r pofisesfifon^. 

A f^ankMn vai In tblt oootpftfalfff 
Whitt WM h|i terd fti wm tbt dnjMit* 

OsAvoM't Cant. Talii. 
i A tpftdoM eomt ttiy ■— , 

Whnrt fbeni dMt m«ftt ^frmUtMmMMOiA fetf #• 

Frapi QPifrappe), 4o strike o^ smite. 

I wol isMyt tbfttpawlenffr, 
With myn axe I sebal hym/Vaire. 

Rom. op Rich. Cava p« Lioif* . 

Fray (V.effrager), to affright or put ia fear. 

.0i I shall yVay him t^rrijbly. 


He fkwtrcliiM not at the threats oldsi^ar ' 
Is not as are the Tulgar, slightly /Vqyeid. 

O. P. Cmwuia* 

Freak (S.freken)^ spotted, variegated* 

The lark that on his beaateons crest presumes. 
And ^iMfrmkft faUAneli wttb-Tennilllov ploaies. 

Wat's Fab. Husixns anv EaLANTiNs. 

The white pink, and tbe paasteyVeaM with Jet. 

. Mii.To;f*s Ltcxpas. 

Fr^ (S.fremd)y an alien or stranger. 

And now fidr Rosalind hath bred his sroiitf 
So now his Mend is changed for a/Ven. 

SraMSSB's f, Qvssir. 

250 Ji 'Hum^AmM. Mm 


¥n,B9(mmm, m %om (lireft ^%h% gtwdtettti of Ike tw» 
to college. 

Ben*s ftJVtfiww ootte from PMtna, wlKm I will powder 

O. P. Mat Dat. 

Frct {S./pct^ii^X ^ tear, eorrop4e, nr^lc^vmr. 

The sow /r«Muv the diikl in CEadl^ 

PMiftewxft^s Ta£b. 

fie firktt like a fiunm'd ydiret. 

1 lAMT K. Bax. xr» 

jFVettf also are the stops of a musical ioatfamantf 
which regulate the bafosoi^ oT the iound.» 

Pas. X«oit. 

Frippery (F.y^pflm)« sys dd ^^oAm ehop. An- 
ciently Hie dealers m second-hanfl wearfngr apparel 
lived, accopdiiicr to Stryp^j iv Bkdnn iaaae «ag>d 
eorahilK See ^Bmfaw UmJ^ 

Ohf c^ JBOtuAV}. we luow what bdongs to ti^ripperp, 


Frith, Mahy. See ^ EngVtih Mol!.** 

Frontlst (F,fravXeau), a bandage worn on the 

forehead Iqr iacKvs. Bh ak spse t e <weait figoratiyely 

ieaifioiiy m, frowning "brow. 

Ij(oWf 1MW» aMiifMer l ifittt wAwMnttfitnittti titik 

K. Lbaa. 

O. p. M10A8. 

Frorne ^|>a. ietrnjoen), itomdm. 

t), atylieart's blood is well nighfirome 1 ietA» 

Frounoe (F./ftmcw), to wrinHe, j/teH, or fold; 
^, to Mnsie the hair of the head^ 

Her &c^ was.^imii^«tf aii4 forpiiM^. 

CHAvciaiPs Rum. or'niB RosA. 

Frush (F.froisser), iohxeik, crush, oi: bruise. 

To frtache the gAdelyngrMMl to bete, 
Aad moaeot ll M i o» I^Fve-leAi. 

^ 1fm»k mm K. Alivavnobi, 

•— — '— I ttfee tfty armour well; 
mAM* it; iM* d Bi»o y Ww 'ftyetfcBP. 

Tboi. and Crbsa. 

Fucus (L.), a composition or paint fbr the ftice. 

No mercuTf water, Jkinu, or perftMnes 
To help a lady's breath. 

O. Pi Raj* Mm^n* 

WuhHA^^ft ^ caot wqcd U> 9ig9iiy ftlstf or I<Mided 
cjjciffK ««JA to h» m caUod fnow thtik: fanuig: macfe at 
Fulham, * 

Afl one cat out to ptaa yonrtricks on, 

\ MuoiBRAa. 


Gabardine (F,geJmm!>dine^ a^loMei mantle or coarse 
f^ock coat, usually worn by shepherd^. 

VtMer yvjot gabardinetymtg pistols all. 

O^ Fi ItBB Goblins. 

My best WBy 1« tp cce^ under his f«i4erdMiis^. 


Gwi»BB (S. gakkmiy. This word, although now only 
used by Ib^ vuTgar, is one of the most ancient in 
t|»9 EQcli#bJLMii£iia^; its i^nrott dpnwiliQa ftp^ 
pevii tjQ^ be> Crooi'. tbe Qotim i^solA^. a RioQkfM^ or 

25f! A GL088AR1AL AXm 

from the Celtic gob, a beak; whence the word is. 
still used to signify the month. Its present as well 
as its primitive signification is idle prate, chatter, 
loud and unmeaning talk. 

Ricbt iA the next cbaptcr mfter IliSs . 
I §mbb€ not, to haye I joy and Miste. 

Ckavcm's NoMNst PsiBeme Takk. 

Why jroMet^ tlKNi ttuvt s«Mi*t nntame. 

CHADcna** Tkoi. akd Cksss. 

Gad (S. gadd), a point of a speac 

And with a gad of ateel will write these wotds. 

Tit. Akdroht. 

Gmailt '(F. galaopte), the long white luminous 
track in the firmament, seen-in a clear night, caused 
by innumerable stars, called Orom its colour and 
appearance the milky way. 

Lo there! g$iodhe, cast up Uilne eyas . 
See yonder, lo, the galtutie. 

CBAucsa*c Hovsi of Famb. 

Gale (S. gcdari), a song or story ; the Saxon deri- 
vation is literally to sing, and the only word in 
present use of a similar import is nightingale. 

Listeneth now and letith gale, 
For now ariseth a noble tale. 

Rom. of K. ALiaAOvoai. 

Galliard (F. gaillard), a merry, brisk, pleasant 
person ; also, a sprightly dance. 

GaHard was he, as Gdldlinch in Che ahawe ; 
Browne as a berry, a proper short felawe. 

What, is thy excellence \n% galliard, knight) 

Twelfth Miont. 

Galliass (F. gcUeds), a heavy low built vessel, 
carrying two masts, having both sails and oars.- 


■ ■> n My<iiflierhalttif.tew ■> ' 

. Thaathree.great argosies and two igr<i'^'^<^'* 

' '' ' Tajiika d<^ A SSRIW. 

Xji^llow (S. ogeltMm), to terrify or frighten. ' 

Tlie wraOifua skiot 

Ga2ll0io the rery wanderers of the daik. . K. Lsa** 

tJALLOWGLAssBs^ ai nain^ given to soldiers, amongst 
the wild Irish, who served on horseback ; they 
wore under their clothes a peculiar kind of armour, 
composed of small iron rings, called "a long shirt 
of mini." '/ 

' A puissant and miglity power 
Of galUnoglaues and stout Kernes. S Tavw K. Hnr. ▼!• 

Gally foist, the name of a pleasure boat, used by 
the lord mayors of London on particular occasions, 
for pomp and state, as the city barges are now. 

•I smelt the powder; ipy*d what linstock gaye fire to shoot 

against the poor captain of the galleg foist, 

O. P. Tm RoAaiN« Giai. 

Gallt GA8KIN8, large open hose, derived by Skin- 
ner from caKgiB gaUo vaaconicm, Cotgrave calls 
them great Gascon or Spanish hose. The word is 
now only used in a ludicrous sense, though not so 

Soflne gaSlg gdseopnet or shipman*s hose, like the Anabaptfst's, he, 

P. Pbnnilsssb's Sup. to ths Divsll. 
Mr £ra/^ jTMXrlfM that haye long withstood 
The winter's ftuy. Philliv's Sp. Sbii.i,in«. 

Gallymawfrat (F. gaUimaffrSe), a medley, a dish 
of various meats. 

He loyea thy gaXannanofreg, 

Mbrbt Wivss ov Windsor* 

Galore (S. gdeoran), plenty, abundance, 

« To fMsting they wttot, and to merrimeh^ 
And tippled strong Uqnor gviXn^fi^ 




OAMA8HE8, a soft of doUuDf for-Ae legs, similar to 
the modern gaiter. Johnson calls them short spat- 
terdashes, wora hy ploughmen, as if the weaiingof 
them was confined to that dass of persons; in this 
he is evidently mistaken: they appear to kave bees 
worn by persons of rank and quality. 

open ny trunk, lay myrklMit talk onihe top^ 

O. F. Wbat.Yoo Wiu.. 

Gambisoin (O. F.), a stuffed doublet, worn under 
armour^ and under which was sometimes added jms 
iron breast plate. 

^IthontflB totoncd alntoviiy 
OfetMriilite, v^ttgmmkiam* 

Rom. of K. AuMAxnmtat. 

Bright marygolA comp wM their gamMtom. 

Wat's Fab. Hosumi torn ■•sAimiiB. 

Oame (S. gaman\ in jest, not seriously. 

But peace or no, for eaniQst or a>r gmmt, 

CxAvcsA*s TmoT. Ain>* Citsss. 

Oanklt, readily^ dextrously; we still use the word 
ungaMy to signify awkwardness. 

OfmOif thim ichJI in «iiw. 
In lytel while it schal be none. 

Rom. of Rick. Cotvk ^B Lxok. 

Ga^no (S. gangan), an old word signifying to go, 
chiefly used in a ludicrous manner. 

But let them gamg alone. 

•fcnenn's Bmmt^ Cai» 

Gangle (y.jangler), to make a noise. 

WMIe they ireCM flb in ttMBgle, 

Theo tnOlens fan gangle. 

Hmi. of K. ALisAwnu. 

Gar (Is. giore), to cause or make; a word still in' 
use in the northern couixties and in Scotland. 


Oar us. have mete tanBL dj^nkt, ai|d make ni ckeeie. 

TeU miu good HoW>llialt what yra tjiea , 

Spsn8Sr*8 SUbv. Cal. 

CrARBOiL (F^ g^crriotet?^), a disorder, uproar/ com* 

Look bere» and al iliy tqv«)Nca leUnura im4 


Sach is the^orM/c oC tliis conflict, ihea. 

Drattom's £moi^ni>*8 Parxassvs.^ 

Gakbbn houses* In the early drama, frequent 
mention is made of these houses, which the eiti-^ 
zeas of London erected is the suburbs. Btubbs^ 
in his Anakmie of Abuser (U9«^X stat0s them to 
be gardens, paled or walled round, having ar-- 
bouts, bowers^ banqoettiiig houses, fte. erected" 
therein. The ladies are acoused of using then 
cbieO; for the purposes of intrigue* 

Oarden AeiMcaafa qot trasr bavds^to c«ckoU^ nskinf , Uiaa 

X Tiiil(.b« to tbM aftd thy stratagem. 

O. P. Thb Citt Nioht Cat. • 

JviHaftf tlie ancicHl visa altiasas of KM* eHy» ^wlw vied aa»> 
folly to provide their wives £Wii«ii»-neartba town, to.plant, &c. 

0. 9. All FoaLt. - 

6aiig«vld (P. gargonMt)y the spout of a gutter iir 
ancient castles and mansions, usually made to re^ 
semble the heads of beasts, &c^ 

(7ai^(ytf • with gfeylMaiMb aad wiUr many lions. 

TowsR or DocTRim. 

GiAEisH (S. gewiar), shewy, splendid, gay, glaring. 

Adreani of whatthod wasti a^jr^rffASan^, 

. To be the aim of every dangerous shot. 

K. Riea. xii. 
ttdt ttt.ftpm day*» goMikty. 

Milton's Ij. PuisjEaoso.' 


Oakland (F. garlande), a wreath or chaplet of 

.flowen; a term in archery, signifyiDgp the ring or 

wreath within which the prick or miirk was placed 

to be shot at. A miscellaneous collection of songs 

or poems was also called a garland. 

The second sbot had tSie wijitate yeoatan. 
He shot within the gmrtani. 

O. B. Robin Hood akd Gcnr of Gisbobstb. 

These aie out of ballads; she has an the &wrttmd of O^mT WiU 
' by heart. 

O. P. A Match a* HntaAwt^ 

Pasted (S. ga§(), frightened, alarmed; though 
this word is now obsolete, aghoii is still osed* 

Or wbefher ir«M by Uia noiie I ipadc, 
Fan raddcDly he fled* 


G AT£ (Du. got), a way or passage, the. march or 
manner of walking. 

With thai word Reson went her jra<«« 

Cbavobb'b Rom. or va» Sots. 

Kooght regarding:, they kept on tfaehr gait, 

Spbnsbr*^ F. QvBBir. 

Gauds, toys, trinkets, ornaments; the word is of 
no certain derivation^ but most probably from L. 
gaudere^ the more general acceptation of the term 
being any thing which gives pleasure, whether 
to the eye, taste, or heart 

A pair of bedeis, black jub saUe> 

She toke and hynge my nedce about. 

Upon the gwdet aU without^ 

OawBB*fl Con.. Ax.. 

By this g9Md9 hanra I wonnen, yere by yere« 
An hundred mark. 


"Witli bracelets of her hair» rings, gaude», conceits. 

. - MU»8. NljBBT'S PftSAM.. 

smrvfioaiMft. mcnoN art. 2S7 

CAVnX, to stare or look anteiitly. 

i^ tbctt tint goM^ Ukd ewt OB Oft UuBte Bifbt. 

LnoATi's Tkao. 
Hm Mli^lMnii% Iwlli MBtll Mid yrHit 

In roDne for to f«»ren on this man. 

6:^V£L00K (Sv gewbc)^ a j^re^B. 

Jd so tbic the arwe shoten, 

Im nuue taMM sft doOi liie aotm* 

fiFa«tlQlr«t 9X 80 thick* Howe. 


GsAifi {S^ g^ea«i^e), furniture, possessions, oroa- 

Amjr thys^ in-hffinoBt fptvgeoftjw. 

Spsmsm** F. Qosxir. 
ff VoKtone be a 9ood iPOMM^ ah* is II good iMndi fta* Ihfti fMTb 

MvacKAMT ov Vbnicx. 

Geason (S. gesecmy, wonderful, rare, scarce, un- 
common. Dr. Johnson says the word k onlj to he 
found in Spenser, bul hi this he is mistaken ; it 
fiequently occurs in the old drama, particularly in 
JfypiM and Virgifna, tThat Yeu t^iU, Tht 
Wamds ef Chrit War, &g. 

FoanA notting that hie said wuDost noi fraaofi* 


It was frooty whotter swiaeB, 

And Hif HoxA's ymtXk was getuom, 

JU- Gaxsiis^ FAtOMSL. 

Cteck (S.geae), a fool or dupe; aho^ to mock or 

And made the nmd neitofleaf fftfft and 1^.. 


Gudctaianv'yra mercy for yonv geek, 

Qnod Hope^ aad ktwly louts. 

Casa.aT and Slax. 

CiEier (CK F.), proper, handsome, elegant. 

For Toxing she was and hewed bright. 
Sore fleaaanttt: and fetes wlthaU, 
tfent and in her middle small. 

CmjMHum'^ Rov. or Tm Boss. 


258 . . ,i A CiLOflSA«UL . AMir. 

She tiiat WM nOblc, wiBC» w fiiir «pid fm^. 


GxORGK A Green, the famous pinner of Wakefield,- 
celebrated in the old ballad of RMn Hood and" 
the Pinner, 8cc. He fought with and beat both 
Robin Hood and Little John, and hence obtained 
the character of a man of extraordinary prowess. 

More, spruce and tiifiibi^, tnd more ghj to lecm. 
Hum Mmie attomeT's derk or George m Oreen* 

MnrmwB* Apoloot fo« Bxiiod«tu9« 

And were you m cood as Oeagfe a €hreen, 

I shall make bold to torn agaia. ■ 


GsRMiN (L. germen), a plants shoot, od- sfsout;. 
generally used in a figurative sense. 

Crack Nataro's mould, all gernUtu spifl at once 

Tkat make ungrafccAil man. 

K. Lmar, 

■ nidngh theitreseiiie 

Of Nature's gernUtu tumble all together. 


Obste (L. ge^um), a^representation or shew; also, 
from the O. F. geste, a deedtor achievement^.aud 
from F. gi8te, a bed, derived from Lr jocel, the 
journal of the several days or stages prefixed to tfae^ 
progresses of our kings. 

The Roxaan gestet maken remembranee 
Of m my a trewwife. 


Who tail them qnites, as him beseemed best. 

And goodly can discourse wiOi many a noble geste^ 

Spbnsba's F. Qvbb.v. 
— — — 111 gire yon my ccnnmisslon 
To let him there a month behind the geete 
Freflz*d for parting. 


The hall or refectory^ appropriated in a nunnery 
for the entertainment of the guests^ was called the 
geate haUe, 

BtyJtOUOGlCiCL BirnoNART. 2S9 

The abbesf UMi tke noBBM aUe 
Fair hym gret in the gette haUe. 


GiBB£j an old worn out animaL A gibbed eat is 
sak)^ but on no certain authority, to be a he cat 
Both the etymology and precise meaning of the 
word seem involved in obscurity. It^ waa applied 
generally as a- term of contempt.- 

For who that's bat a queen, fair, sobor; wiie«' 
Would fit>m a pocddock, firom a bat, a gUAe, 

Such dear concermngs hide f 

I-am as meUncholy as a^iftfo eai* 

1 Part K. Hsw. it. 

O^BBiERisH'^ deduced by Skinner from F. gaber, to 
cheat, and by Dr. Johnson, from Geher,i\ie astro- 
nomer of Arabia, whose works are full of the jar- 
gon of the alchymists; othera have given different 
but equally uncertain etymologies ; — unintelligible 
language, unmeaning gabble ; sometimeji applied 
to the cant language of gipsies. 

The sheeted dead 

Did sqneak and gibber in the streets of Rome. 

Thiiric you I*U learn to spell this gibberiah, 

O. P. BNeLiSHinir von'-Mr Mokkt. 

GiF (S. gfjf); the conjunction if, still in use in some- 
parts of England and Scotland*- 

Gtfwoj good knight will find his dame, . 

Come forth, ftc. ' O. B. Sir ALniK«s%. 

GiGG (O. F. gigu€s)y a wantdn woman, a strumpet 

Some spend her goodes upon gigget. 
And flnden hem of great anaSe.. 

Cbaucsr's Plowman*s Tauk. 

GiGLOT, derived as the last word, and having the 
same meaning. 

Young Talbot WM not bom to be the piUage citLgigloi wendu 

360 A eijonsAWAiL AWOf 

JmpvdnAgigkt/ n— It apt wwglfc !• rt w t c jne, Imt alio 
to bdie me. 

O. P. M onoBft BoMMs. 

GfLoniB (F. giroftU), tiie dove, ft mere lrMispo0i- 
tioD ef tlie Freoeh derirali<m; th« Baaie is atill 
feUined n the word giUg/bmet, wbieft yet is a 
comption, as tbe word in tbe midland eosnlies is 
both spelt and proaoonced gSUwer. Th^ tiippo* 
sition of Bsuley and others^ that it is so called from 
Joly^ i.e. July flower, is tnc^rreet; first, because 
the addition of ^ flower'' is a corruption ; and, 
secondly, the plant blossoua in March and April, 
and not in July. 

Tbe c«n«l and the Ifcoris, 

Aatf bwwbC fSTOttr of tafis^ t«wte; 

Tlie gUo/re, quyb^e, aftd naot. 

Ron. or K. ALisAvurDRX. 

OiVMAL (L, gemellus}, a double ring^ made in links;: 
any piece of joined work, the parts moTingr within 
each other; a quaint piece of machinery. 

I thiakt bj soma odd gimmaU or davice, 

llkdr anns are sat nke clocks. 

I Vawt K. HaK. TZi 

Jwlitt tliair pak doll moulihs the jr^ma/ bit 
lies, fool Willi chew*d crass, atill and motionlesa. 

it. Haw.- IT. 

GiNG (S.gang), anciently used for the modem word 
gang, a company of men acting* together. 

There's a knot, a^ri^v, apack, a conspiracy sg i rit me. 


Gingerly (Sw. g^tngarey eautieiisly^ nicely^ wiib 

'What i^ tiUtyoa 
Took up 90 gingerip f 

Two 9SNTr. 09 ViROKA. 


GiPON (V,jupon), a sort of sqreoat made of silk or 
velvet, adorned with armorial bearings, reaebing: 
only to the waiet ; sometimes apelt gyppiOBy-^jtipoii, 
and giupon. 

Som wol be aimfid in aa hMkergfuxu*. 
And in a brest plate and a gipon, 

CHAucxa'8 KinoBT*t Take*. 

GiPSERS (F. gibedh^y, a poueh, purse>.or bag. 

An anlace» and a gipgere aU et silk, 
Hing at his girdle. ■ . 

OSAUCBlt'S VjUkKKtlJB'a TAi.r. 

Gird, to strike or give a blow; also, to revile, re- 
psoaob, or taunt; said to be derived from the S. 
gffrdf but this seems a strained etyidology. 

Girde off Gyles* head, and let hbh go no ferther. 

P. Plowmak. 
To den him and to ^trdleii off his bed. 

Cravcbb's Movkss Talm, 

Being .moTeda he will notqpaze to gird tbe gods. 


GIR0LBSTEAD (S. gtrdl and stede), the place where 
a girdle is worn. The old Saxon word stede is 
still retained in bedstead, homestead, be ' 

Diiide yoondf in two halYes, just by the girdUtUmi, 

O. P. Eastwajid Bos. 

GiRE (L«.gyru«), a circular motion, described by a 
living body- See " Gyne.** 

Fliit I beheld him horering in the air, 

And then down stoosing with a hundred gire$, 

Q, Pk hWWA; 

GisE (S.ima),' manner, custom; subsequently and 
now written guiae. See that word. 

Hie homes foil of meeth, as was the ^M«, 
There lacked nongbt to df» her,.saprifice. 

CHAVCBa'S Knioht*! Taul^ 

GiTBiilCB (a F. gitteme), a nntiaa vtriligtftir it»> 
atnunenly oslM ako a dttani, soninrlial rfwm- 
bliar tht nodern goiter^ wbidi' it darimM ftvn 
the old word. 

The uMsJMif tHMi It ivm niglit^ WifS/0t AoBe> 
And Abmhm bis ^iHtome lath LeiOce. 

Be luM tMv^d. m4 spoito iMrMgw 
As A barber's bar ptajs o*fli* gUtem. 

O. R Ttta X AmMtAei Kiear. 

OiABB (S. geUad)f an avenue in a wood. 

Lo wiMM Hmt ipfM Iww ai i ^BMKjr flMli 

Olaim (8. fi^r), the white <rf a» egy; a*y ViBeoa& 

VadiklMd Hmsi diiOk, tad irMff ol ■& Htf . 

CaAoesml OkAifoiii« TSoban*! Tam< 

Blood poison, iUmy giar^i 

llittt te his bodf 10 tboodltfit were. 

MiKB. yoR Mao. 

Gii^TC (F. ghive), a broad sword or falchion. 

And ivhether tongrue as sharp a»tword' or ^liee. 

Ckaocmu's Cflinw Of I«OTi. • 
O, mistress ! ttie aMyo&aBd:aU ttie valeh • 
' Are coniiB^ towB4Rls our hovse ^ta 44i»Mt aad* MObt 

O. P. Ardsn op Fatsbsham. 

GlkAVER (Br. glaj^), to flatter or wlieedle. 

Venus who knew she did hut y hng iy 

For aU.the fine tmoetii wotdashe gj^a het • 

Gosvon's Viro. That. 

Olbdb (S. glec^), a coal in a state of strong beat. 

Ttie traet ire, radde ha wiy ^M^ 

CBAVC«a*9. KM*Qsa^^ Talk. 
His armour flyttered as dyd a ghde. 

O. ft. OP Cbsvt Chacb. 

In hart he breni ae m^glede, 

IiTBeA»?j( TaoKW 

CtLKK \%..gUgy, ancbntigr nfttifi«d«aiic or atin* 
«te»ltjr ganflrally, aad ip Kg w wi (ffleamea) were 
ainslaels, or porfiDrweis upon mmm M«ttaftl Jmlra- 

Tbe glemen nseden fair Umgt, 
'tlie -wode wpieiclitteio fay aoaipe. 

Rom. or K« Alimvmmb. 

There saw 1 1 yt in other sees, 
FlaylBC i9«i«llMr soadryffei*. 

«CHAVO«t*S Bon 09 PAIfBt 

^LEBK (8. glt|^)» m^MSMiaa; •also^ mosie. The 
verb to gtoek, from the Bhxau ^igman, a droll or 
tnimie* sigaiAos^o sneer at, gfibe, mock, or make 
merry wnih. Qleek (F. gftc) was also a game at 
eard84iow totally onkoown. 

What wUI 7oa.gif« « N-^e<»aiw3r¥«ft tfae riraUr; 
I will give jouUie«iiii8trel. 

I can gktkvfon occMion. 

lffn>s. KioaT*s DiRBAik 

l%tme%gMt§aiytMi letntfaicweMTBird. 


fVluMK lemiyrlM*Ifaope*sinftMfaioii7et. 

O. P. Thb Wits. 

Glent (S.gKdtm), mored swiftly, glided. 

Ont of fais saddle he hjmgttnie, 

Rom. aw Rich. C«va vm Lioir* 

Gcta faoiMlet aioiowe tfae grefMffenf. 

O. B. OP Chbtt Chacb. 

Gloamino (IS.giomung), the twilight; and^ figura- 
tively, diiloess, melancholy^ gloomy. 

Hie glomit^ comsB, the day is spent. 

A. Rvmb's Chron. 

What devillf wonan i pineko ap your faait and lere of al this 


O. P. Gam. GiTRTON'g Nbbdlb. 

Globs Theatre. This theatre was situated on 

:2ftl .A QLOSSAftlAL AMD 

Btnkside, and was the honsa in which Shakspeare 
^acted. A lieence was granted to him. and others 
Hin 1608 for theatrical representations. It. was a 
summer theatre, and the performances took place 
in the day time; it was built of wood, on the rite 
of the old Bear Garden, and was of a circular 
form in the intenor. ^Shakspeare's K. Hen. V» 
-confirms this fact. 

— -Caaweflnon 
Into this wooden O the very caaqaM 
^nutt did AiMglit ttae tkirirt AgiBc6iurt? 

That thie GM€ (i, «. Hie theatre)* 

Wherein (quoth he; reigns «wocl|l of vice* . 
Had been consum^. 

O. P. TsB Ifvns* LooKiire Qlass. 

GiouT, to look sullen, to pout; said to be derived 
from Goth, gloa^ to look attentively: it is still used 
in many provincial dialects. 

He gan to moome, and h^d hym styUe} 
He glouted, and gan to syke. 

'Rom. or Rich. CdtUR os Lxov. 
GUmting with sullen spite, the fory shook 
Her clotted locks, and blasted wit^ each look. 

6arth*8 Dxsvknsart. 

Gloze (S. gZe«an), to wheedle, flatter, or collogue. 

Tlierefore ye gloxen Croddes bests, 
And begile people yong and old. 

Chaucbb's Plowmam*8 Talb. 
Of me, certain thon shalt not be glozed, 

Chavcbb's Nonnss FBwaTKiB Tali. 

Gnar (S, gnyrrari), to growl, snarl, or murmur. 

He gan to rear his bristles strong. 
And felly gnar, 

Spbvsbb's F. Qubbv. 

And wolves are gnarling who shall gnaw thee. 

3 PABT K. HB2V. vx. 

STYJfocoGicAt bicrtoi^ARr. SSS 

CfiiAmtBD (Te«. fcnorrc), Iniotty/ ' 


GOBBBT (P. gobeaii), small pieces^arop, or moifsel. 

He nU lie ha4 a foUcf «r tbt ntt 
Tluuk at Peter had. 

CHAuctn'a Pao. to PAa»o«a»*8 Tajji. 

Ml el great Imaya cf fle^iand f ili O law. 

SraNSBa'a F. Qmrnpt. 

GoDEMAN (from good and man), the master of the 
bouse, the landlord, and sometimes the husband ; 
this was its origrinal signiileation, bat afterwards 
it was applied as a rustic mode of salutation, and 
generally ironically. 

The godtnum weloomed ftUre the kjn; . 

Rom. or thb SaYBN Saoss. 

Hie fMbmaii of fke bo«fe wmlMoAiOtflA, 

SrsNSBa'i F. Qubbn* 

Kay, heir yoiij gqodwum, ddiyer. 


God's samty, an andent oath, a contraction of 
God*s sanctity or holiness. 

Oed^i 9anU! Ibis is a foodly book. 

O. P. Thb Lonobb Thou liv'st tbb Mobb 
Fool Tbov Abt.' 
By (7otf*' wnUetl tWiU be a hard way to hit. 

Mbbcr. or VsmcB. 

GoDWARD, towards God, inclined to godliness, 

Re was a very roene in the boiriiieis between man and man; 
bat as to Oeiwmtd, he was always accounted an upright man and 
Tery devout* 


GoEL (S. geoleire), yellow; hence gold is so called 
from being of that colour. 

Hop roots so well chosen, let skilful go 8et» 
The goeler and yonnfer, the better. 


A A 

26€ A GtOStARlAt AVO 

GoFisH (O. F. gtfft), mdiaan^ foolkk* 

lliliftiremen tliinfi whieh fhaet nerv wen. 

(^Aqon't TiuM. son Guu«* 

OoLLS^ tbe ha]id$^ a word of bo aso^ained etyoKi- 
logy. Dr. Johnson says It is used in contempt; 
but it is i ymoti in qoidbioii use with the old dra- 
matists, and not always if ever used in tbat sense. 

Tliete daws ihaU cUw yon td a tar of Sbaac^ 

C P. Ram A&upr. 
DtfimwiiaiiPf#illik IjflMritfio^. 

O. P. MAvoft OF.QvnwoAovaii* 

GcfM. (S. gumd), a man. See ''Crroom.** 

I Glofeon, qvod tlte gome, silt|««e'>«ufe. 

p. PtowifeAii'a Yi^ 

Hie fiVtfmetttuitweraflgreQfiiclkt^ 
Willi MeUooi Me tliejripii^iys>ht. ' 


Good cj^bap, a literal translation of tbe Frencb b<m 
mmrd^. Cheap, from tbe Saxon Ceapem, to tralBe 
or sell^ was a general name Imt a market, tbe pre- 
sent Cheapside being formerly called West Cheap, 
from a market being held there, and from hence 
is also derived chapman (S. eeapman), a dealer. 

I wold brynirtiiflin all to k^vea as gweiehep^. 

O. IiTTSK. Ths Foua-P.-'^ 

But the sack that thou hast drank me, would have%Qi|Sht me 

UfIitB.aa |f9o4 dl«4» as tke doaiest eaaiBes. 

1 PAas.-&fc 0av. XT. 

Re Irays other men*s cuaoing, good cheap 'm. I>aiidoii. 
. . Skxeah's Bsl-mabt's N20BT Wakkss. 

GooB BE/N, an abbreviation ^f goed evening, a 
salutation. ,. 

Good ctflf^fiOr RicKafd— <3od a* mercy fellow. 

K. Jomn. 

GooDYER (F. gougen^y^ ihe lues venerea, aa ex- 
damation Mrtoerly in use, which is superseded by 
tbe iMltter undersdixxdi but not more delicate irAof 

What • gmiyerenSiB yvm, mdtaerf 


O. P. Tu Wits. 
Tbe gntimn alMll deronr tkcAi, flesh and ML 

60RBKX.LY (from F. gowrmondy^ i( gToss feeder, one 
whose paunch is distended by gluttony. 

Baor ytp fwMIM knMrevaie 70 OBiione r 

1 Pabt K* Hsn. it. 

66110) am inttnnnent tised hi gmAng, so says Dr 
JSerfinson ; but from the qa^MathniB to illustrate ita 
meanings it would raiher seem to be the name of 
some now-forgottek) graitie. 

Tliy <tir hoiBflt eaa readi tt BotiifiiC DOW but f»rrf aad aiiM pto 

BiAtrifOHT ANB FtaroBsm*- 

Let' Yidtidrei gf^ thy tdlB \ tm gord^tad FttlhAnKolds. 

GoRK (B. gorory^ a piece of cloth inserted in a gar- 
ment to widen k, being pointed at one end and 
broad at the bottom. 

A bame doth* white asmoiwe milk. 
Upon her tendi^ nahya gnre. 


An elf e qaeen shaU my lenuAan bai 
Aflil slefe tmde^ My ^«. 

GoseAMER (low Lat. goM^ptum). the long white 
cobwebs which float in the air in autumn. - 

As soare wMidfen son 4ta <iMsa of thondarK' 
On ebhaasd flood, OB i^iNMNMre aod OB ntet; . 

CBAocaaVfiflvna'd Tai.b* 


That idle in the waaftMi tttttft^ air. 

Gossip (8. goikjfb). The primaTy significatioo is 
relationship or affinity^ bot it has other meaniogSi 
as the sponsor at a ehritteniog^ and was generally 
understood to be the godmother. Our aocestots> 
comprehending a spiritual aflSnity betweea the 
child and its sponsors^ called them gotUyh, as re* 
lated throQ|^ God. It ako denotes boon com* 
panions atM) idle tentative womeo. 

Aa if I )MT« t ftN^i or t DrlMd. 

ClAVOm*! PlIO. TO TflS WlVS 99 BATV^ 

*Tii not t imM, for ilM hsOi fNi^. 

Two OaiiTi* ov VmoiiAi 
To dotko oAm of a aolsakoar, 
And. be iroff^ lit iMT loltoar. 
^ ,^ , VsenwAt, 

GosTS (S. g(ut), mind or spirit 

As weU itt body oa ingwtc, cbapte WMibOt 

CmAvatn,*s Chanovs, Ysovah^ Tam. 

Govts (F. goutte). This word has no singular, and 
though it is originally derived from the French^ 
the meaning is not sTmply irop$, bat condensed or 
clotted matter, as congealed blood, &c. ; in this 
sense, it is still in use in the midland counti^. 

I see tiie^ stiU, 

Aiul 00 thy bl«4e and dudgeon gotfti of blood. 


Gramarye, the art of necromancy, apd probably a 
corruption of the French word grimoire, which, in 
the old French romances, signified a conjuring 

Tbe first WM jToman'tf, 
MosJijG^ and ostrooomie.. 

CLOM. or T«K. SlV«|f UAHMBk 

jmrantK^ercAii j»reTfoiiART. 2S9 

And learned in gramarie, 

O. B. OF KiKtt EtmBis. ^ 

€rame (S. gram), grief or anger ; it is used in both 
senses by Chaucer. 

A annnes miithr it wol turn al to ^am«. 

C*A«Clll*8> CtaAJfOKSr TS»ldAl/l TAAt. 

OitAME&eY (F. gremd mera% literally, gr»ttt ihaiks ; 
an expresaon of obligatioii. 

Oramerctf, Mammon, said the ganQe kniglil.- 


Be it 80, Titus, and gramenjf too. 

Tit. ANDROtif. 

€ran«^£ (L. g!taiM^um)y originally so called from 
tiie place where the rente (paid in grain) to tha 
monasteries were deposited ; it afterwards denoted 
a farm house, having the usnat buildings attached 
necessary for the purposes of kusbandry; and, as 
such houses were generally at a distance from .any^ 
neighbourhood, it became a term for any lone 
house. * 

TbcK, at the motled grmtgt, wAAm Ike d^eelad IJgiann. 

** MsAt. voa Mbas. 

This is Venice)' 

My house is not a grange, 


G'rayle: (F. grHe), small particles of sand or any 
other thing. 

That aU his hones as smalt^ as sandy grayHp- 
Ha hratak and did li« how«ls dlsenttayl, 

SpjeN»Ba's F. QuaxN. 

Greave (S. graf}y the old way of spelling grove, 
a thiclcet of trees. 

Tet when she flew hrto that coTcrt greave. 

He, her not finding hoth them thus nigh dead didleaye. 

SrsNslka's F. Qvxiir, 


2310 A GLOSSABlAt ▲lfl» 

Somt in tilt telkr trees, KNBM i» tb« iT^M. 

0MATT01f*8 PO&TOU. 

GreDalinEi derived by Boyer from gris de Kn, 
literally^ the grey of flax, baving a purple hae« 
Cotgrave bas tbe word grediUe, puckered, and 
liejioe it may admit of a doubt, whetber tbe colour 
or the sbape of tbe garment is to be nndeistood by 
the quotations; the former is tbe most probable 

His lore— (Lord helfvs!) ftdcs like my |T«tf«/iite petticoat. 

O. P. Tbb Pa»8on*8 Wsddino. 

Hie gHdeUm psll tiiat down her slionldcrs flowed. 

Lat or Sta Uahwal, 

Greb (P. gr^), good will^ good graces, favour. 


ReceiTen ell in gree tbat Gpd us sent. 

Whidi she accepts with t^ianks mnd goodly gree. 

Spensxe's F. Quxxn. 

The verb gree (O. F. greer), to agree, is com- 
monly so spelt in old authors. 

ThQ^ mesne that greet with country pusicke hest. 

Grssks*s Farswxli. to Follt. 

Greece (F. graisse), fat. 

Eche of them slew a hart ofgreece. 

O. B. AnAM BxLL, Cltm ov tbk 
Clouoh, &c. 

Green sleeves, a popular ballad, in the reign of 
Queen Elizabeth, called A Northern Ditty of the 
Ladye Green Sleeves. 

But they do no more keep place together than the hundredth 

psalm to the tune of Qreen Steevee 

it MxaxT Wivxs 0^ WiNnaoB. 

Grees (F. grez), sometimes written grice, a flight 


of steps ; the plural of gree, a stair or stepi derived 
primarily from the Latin gradus. 

Bj msny a gree, ynuuie of marlyyl jprtye. 


OUt. That*! a degree of love. 
Ykd. Vo, valttLgriiei, 

TwKLrra KiosT. 

G*REET (S. grcedian), to weep, cry, of lament. 

I am, Ttfomas, your ho^, td wKom ye crfe aiM greie, 


Tell me, good Hobbino^ what gars thee greeief • 

SriNsaa's Sksv. CAt. 

Gregorian trse^ a cant term for the gallows, so 
called from Gregory Brandon, the common hang'* 
man in the time of Charles I: 

lliifl trembles under the black rod, and he 
Doth fear hts flite firbm the Or^orUm tree. 

Kxac. PaAOMATicus. 

Greithe (S. geradian), to make ready, prepare. 

Unto the Jewes such an hate had he. 
That he bade greUhe his chare fall hastily. 


Gride (It.grt(lar«),tO'piepce with a cutting weapon. 

Snch was the wound that Scudamour did gride. 
For which Dan Phoebus' self canaota aalve provide. 

^ 0vnfssa*s F. Qubbn. 

Griefs (F. gretjcr), wrongs, grievances. 

Know, then, I here foi^ret aU former griefii. 

Two OsNTs. OF VraoinA. 

GRi9 (F.), a grey fur^ of great value* 

The pavis all of fur and grit, 

O. B. Gut of WAairi(^ 
I saw his sleyes, pudUed^at the hood 
With grU, and that the finest in the loikte. 

CBAucaa's Pao. to Cant. Talks. 

Grisely (8. gmiic), abominable, dreadful^ hide* 


flpcke ae more, it is %gri§^ tUof 
Of her horriUe lust ind her Bkyiic* 

Cbavcsb*8 Wips •r BAm't T»m: 

F«U bliidi sad frrtwJ^ did lUs fhM i«9wr. 

SrairtaM's F. Qubsw.- 

Gbizkl, comnonly caltod Patient Onzely the lady 
of Walter, marquis of Salace in Loinbardy^ whor 
tried ber patience and constancy hy the moit 
•evere teats, which nevertheless she bore witl^t 
eomplaint or repining*. 

Witli wofds fur bitterer thaa wormwood, 
Tliat woiM in Jo% or 0rirel Btir moBdf.^ 

CitOGRAM (V. grog gram), a species of stuff of a 
coarse texture. 

Tke imperial flower bis Bcdiwitli feail eMifW^ 
Ike mif iiii^ her silWfraf«rmn fwoB. 

. Fi«rciua*s Pw^jji Ia{.AKa. 

Tov onlf wear^gr ^ joorgrogeram* 

l^ofenflis PoMfs. 

(GfkaiMEy to sulk or hang the lip in discontent Ck>t- 
yrave. gives /aire le grotn, l» pout, lower, et 

And yet If she for otiier eoehesoa 

Be wRrtb, then shaU thorn have a groine anon; 

CuAvcaa'it Taoi. akd Cbsssv 

Groom or Gromi, a corruption ef the Saxon gvma^ 
a nia»; it, in old writers, also signiies a male ser- 
vant, whatever be his daty or office. 8'ee '^Qom," 

Ifaisbantf ne wyH^ B6 mafde mgmne* 

Rom. or Rick. Catra na Liour* 

Then called shea /r>'oem, aad foiiSi him led 

Into a gvudly lod^* 

SpcN6sa*8 F. Q^aaw. 

GaouNDiiiNG. In the early state of dramatic enter- 
tainmentSi the pit of the theatres was literally on 


the groumlr baving neither floor nor benches; 
hence the frequenters of that part of the house 
were called gfroundlinp. 

Ywur gnumHh^ and giJkffi iwiwxiitr bayt hto tfOit fcf > 

nsRSAK's Ooi.*8 BesN Boob. 

'To q^ llie Mft of tkc fiwiMtflAift. 


QltowtE (S. gruO' gfoats, t. e. oats, with the out- 
ward skin or hull taken off, tnade into a dish, 
mijted with buttor. A mess of dllle^wte is still 
served up at the coronation feast of the kings of 
Englandj according to ancient custom. 

•wMtafTMN snUdf tail Mat kKi 
Ai msflb srtl nllM iMMf • 

O* B« AaMimiil AMP 0VBAIC» 

OmuNCZt or GnouNDaBXi (S« gnmd and Ml), the 
piece of timber fixed in the ground under the door 
of a house or other buildings the threshold, 

la Ids owa tcn|4ef oa tlM ffwiMMl odfo, 
Whore lie Ml lUt, and ilum'4 his innMfffiif^ 

**OatcMt8ofhe«YOB! Ooi^ectfacooMlfoavMdP' 

Begmn be, onUie boniilfrMiwd stuidkiif . 

Camst** Danto. 

GVARPBD (F.gorcbr). A garment welted or bor* 
dered was said to be guarded, because it kept the 
cloth from beiag torn; these afterwards came to 
b» osed as ornaments on wearing apparel. 


yore jfKomletf tiuA hit CbUows. 

SffitCB^ or YMrioi, 

1*11 haye thee ro like a citizen, with a guariei gowa aa^; 

Flrendk hood* 

O, P. LpNOON PaooioAL. 

GvAHisH (F, guerir}, to heal^ cure^ or restore ta 
health, * 

it4 A GtOSSASrAZ. JUmy 

Diily the drflMed hliii, aad 4id ttie bctl^ 
His grieront hart to guarUh, 

Guerdon (F.), price, reward, or recompenae. 

hit good dtedet. 

ChAUCBB'^ FVHtONHB'fl Taui- 

Dcttk, in gwerMm^hm wtm^lh 
GiTet her Uaut which nercr iBts. 

MuGV Ado/abovt KfliTBUicr.. 

Guise (S, utim), exteraal: demeanour^ manner, 
habit, custom, peculiarity, either in conduct or 
drest. See '* Gise/' 

And as the guise wm In hit e oun trec , 
Fol hi«li ttpM ft dalr 4f%Qid Mood ice». 

CfAir(9B'i Knzohv^ Talb.- 
^flib b her T«y f«iw/ ifciMVt kor. 

GulrGt XL. gwgnf), a gulf or whirlpooL 

i!1le>lalB therein ft ViMk lidh hItadlBiDaf #^ 
Boils oQt from vnder (itnuofd* * 


Here fthoftt UeUBf in the nfelMit 
And there one sinkinc id the gwnget, 

'Od#roif^e Vise. Tbat*. 

Gye (O.V. gtiier), to guide or govern. The word' 
" gee/*'iwed to horses, is probably deiriVedTroni this. 

And tdi Romayn and lioniherdie, 
F(ff thou can'stftd wel heon gge^, 

«6m. i^ k; AiV^AvMitt. 

And if that ye in dene ftyveioivfir, 
He wilt yon Iov» aa »e. 

CkrAtfaHk^ Htfibhrii Tfti;k. 

Gyre (L.,gyrus}, the aat of turoii^ romMi, a circle 
described by moving in mi orbit;, it is used figura- 
tively to sonify changeable, unseCtled, fcc. Seo 
♦* Qllre."^ 

Into ft stady he fell sodenly, 

Aa doen those loTers in their qneintiryrce. 

^HAOdsft'e KNtoan'a TALBk 
Oc atdke or hinlen roond In waiUfce tyre. 

ScftHrSBft'S ^..'OUBBM^ 

nr^mooit^AL JD^iiCTfoiiARr. ifs 


HABitliGEON (F. hmiierg^^}^ A imX ^ 9tM, fover- 
ing only the h«id.iukl.iAioiMeis; a piece of armour. 

Sonwol'W gmtdin an h a ^r gm m . 

CHAveBB's kmoaft lUubs. • 

^Wko itxtililit *«a ttnfm** cried. 


H.AM tiAB (fi. kabhan fuMan), any thing done art 
^vancloia or without previouB considf nation. 

Then looki *eB o^to ondentand 'em, 

AJXboagtk set down kmi imi^, tt^randon. 


Hackenav (F. AofHfiijIf ), formetfy a general term 
forah<K!Wb tbovgiiiiowj^ppveprialed'to a hired 
^r eonmon one. 

Keytliyr f«fde«pr fil^sjr, 


SenpdlkadUDtanliyMj aadtMr^Baisr: 
ThU i«, nyd lie, my bfoOMt*! h rnktmag e. 

Old Moeamtv of Htcbs ■'ScoftiisB* 

flAGGAlip i^*Jkqg^d), a wild species of hawk 
wl|}ch» if mt P?K>peily tam^d^ ifriH fly at bifds no4 

As A«;f errf hajirk pMsomiog lo*ooiilend 

t 'W^aaaRdirfoiii. 

. SfffKNsitA's P. <Qi7JKnr. 

And, Ifte tbe Acvgeni; cbeck at every feallwr. 

A pivmd A4(ifff«^d; and Boit^.be r^^Mp!d. 


HAKnoN. See "Acton.'^ 
Halcyon (L. halcpo), the name given to the bird 
called the Idngfisber^ which breeds in the winter 


ieason, and, as tradition informs tis, no storm or 
tempest happens during the time the eggs are 
hatching, hence halqron days denote peaceable 
4ilBes aad pleasant or Mr weather. 

mptet it. liartia'gi»wry * ta»iii daty. 

1 Pakt K. Hnr. yi, 

Hals (F. haUr), to drag with violence, to puU with 
force; now corrapted into haul. 

mtfaer hmte tbit mlsbeUerinir Moor. Tnr. AvDBoy. 
I« Mf tlM dmpttm teiiloaf flmn kit fhiMe. 

1 Past K. Hsk^ rt. 

Halfendgle (from S. h(4/)i tbe half or half part 
of any thing. 

Quod TnStoM, for nerer y«t no dede 
UiMlIerii9V.iieMAnMMf||M^br««4 . 

CHAudXK*8 TbOI. AKB C«I88. 

And hearenlf Unqpes wore km^ftmie le jAafa^ . ^ , 

SriNsn'*! *9. 'Qvbbv. 

Halidom (S. haiig dcme), that is, lioly doom ; the 
sentence at the genera] resurrection, a form of ad- 

By my hoRdam, I wm Hut aaleep. 

Two Gum. ov TkBoitA. 

Hallowmas (SL Aoltg and maaa), thepeastof All 
Saints (1st Nov.). It was anciently a custom for 
persons to go begging on this day for money to 
purchase soul cakes, but the object was to make 
merry with the donation. Its origin was to pro- 
cure money to pay for masses for the souls of de- 
parted friends^ and thi^ solicitation was made in a 
whining tone. 

To speak puling, like a befgai' a( HaUwmat. Inm. 


Hal«b (8. MU), the neck; the verh to haUe, ftig^ 
niied to-eaihnice the nedc with alfeetiod. ' 

And'tiliMi Ae fowkd fliiltlM^vMi fldie. 
She hong hendf by ttie kake, 

CiAUOiml BmwM av Fami» 

laibsail of stroiMw McSi hQkt kined (lad» 

And lovely Aoiflf^. 

«ravtis*t F. QvBBir. 

Happy man be his dole, a proverbial expression 
of frequent occurrence in the ancient drama; the 
dole was the provision distributed at the doors of 
the houses ^f the opulent, but it subsequently 
meant any thing dealt out or distributed, and the 
sense of the proverb is, *' may your dole of share 
be that which will make you happy." 

Wherein, Aajqif Mm te Ml ^plf^ I tfiitl fhat I ahall not speede 


. O. P. Damox and PmixAe. 

Safpjf numie hit ioU Uiat ndwcihwr. 

O.P. GniM, TBB CoLLisR 6# Ckotdoit. 

Hahborowe or Hseborough (S. herberga), a 
lodging, an inn. 

For my tron€h, If I thonld not lye, 
I nat sey thie yere lo incity aeonpoiy 
At ones in this JktfrdoroHW M is now. 

Chavcxe's Pbo. to' Pasdokbr's Tals. 

Haediment (F.), boldness, courage, stoutness. 

For tturoofb hiH had I AorriiiMii^ . 
Again to dannger for to go. 

CnAUOtfR'H ftOH. O* TSB Eon. 

But he himself betook another way < 
Tb make moreHrial of his AofiKiiiflif . ' 

arawsn's F. Qjpisv* 

Harlot (O. P. orM). Anciently this word signi- 
fied a base- and worthless person, and was applied 


278 A €L068AErAL ,AI» 

t ! • 

indiscrimuiately to both sexes, hot nev^r im the 
sense it is nam used w^ftapprofimleA Wa fiBBude; 
it also denoted a servant of tbe lowest order. 

A stordy Aorfpf went liyin aye bdiind, 

tluit WW Mr hostes man and bare a aakke. 

CsAVCBBlr SovpKoua's Task. 
The harlot king 

- 1* ^pdte beyond mine arm. 

flAltBikss (1?. Aaniot^)/ defensive armour. 

A goodly kniglit, all dress'd in kame»$ meet. 

S^XNMii'a K Qraair. 
- Blow wind, come wradLt 

At leaek we*H die wftH kamesrtm onrlSack. 

Harrt (F. harier), to make a predatory excursion; 
to rob, strip, or plunder.; also, to vex, tease, or use 

And boldly brent Kortbnmbcilatfd, 

And harmed many a towyn. 

O. B. Cifsrr Crack. 

And be tkat hm' n n ^ d bell with beavy atowre. 

Spknsbr*s F. Qvbbn. 
I repent me mock 

That 1 00 Aartyiblm. 

Antb. anp- Clbop. 

Hatband. See " Cable Hatband/* 
Hatch (S. haca)^ a half door, tbe upper part of 
the door way being open. 

In at the window or dse o'er the hatch. 

Hatted (from S. hmi), wearing a hat. It appears 
, from liM^x' ^OrmUu^MuUehrisAnglicanuB (1640) 

that only females of an inferior degree wore hat& 

It if as easy way nnto a dutehess 
As to a hatted dame. 

O. P. TaM AarMrGCaa' TaAinnr. 

Havqc (S. /ugfoc, a hawk). This waaociginaUy a 

phrase usetil rtt hfmtifij^, but afterwards became a 
wartory Mid ihet i^oal for indiscriminate slaugphter. 

' • l)««4lflrfA4i«ev<«iriMrey90i|AettlA list hint 
. With modest wunuat. 


Cxy Acwe/ midlet »I^ tbe dogs of \rv. 

JiTL. Cjisak. 

Haught and Hatjtaine (F. haul), bigh, «oble> 
greats apd not proud and overbearing^ according 
to Its modern use. 

' There is no lady so hauteintt 


CaAXM»ft*s Son. OF THS Rots. 

TaHaaft dkd ^oble, Aill of httughtp conrase. 

I Pabt K. Hmi. ti. 

'Pomp^, that saeond Mars, whoM haugki renown 
AndttOlAa deaAi wave graiAer 'tha&1hiis AjiIuumi* 


Haywa&d, » jpefHTk^tn^ploy^A to Uke ^oare of the 
hay before stacked, as woodward is one BffotBied 
to guard or tdte tikre of a wood. 

Xha Iktijfwmrd Uaartth merj his home. 
In ey«rich0 iicdd xfpeis cocne. 

EoM. or K. Ai.iSAinn>RB.. 

Heaut or <lRAf:!K. This phrase is probably a cor* 
raptioii of A<«r{ cjf greew, from the F. graissey fiat, 
denoting the Atout^iess of tbe<aQi«ial; a heart of 
grace tlierefbre indicated fconrage and determined 

These foolish puling sighs 

D.P. Xbi OBDiNAmr. 

Hebenon and HfiBSN, the phmt henbane, of & 
poisonous quality. 

With juice of cofsad Ikebemm in m'vial* 


Th« Juice of Afteii and Cbcgrtwf ta;««ai« 
And all the poiiont of the StTfiaa po61« 

O.F. TMiJsv •» MAute* 

Hbisuggb, the curraca, hedg# apirrow, or tomtit^ 
in whose nest the cuckoo is said to lay her eggs^ 
and when they are batched and sufficfiBntly stroDg^ 
they destroy the bird that bred tbem. 

Thou murderer of the heiiugge on the branch 
That hrought thee forth, Hiov ntfol gfartteni 

CHAucBn!t Asanpi* of Fouias. 

Helvb (S. helf), the handle of an axe or hatchet 

Tktatt hit axes stood hf hem a^vn j 
Be kept one with a well good Aelo«. 

O. B. Out IMF Waewici.. 

Henchman (8. hengstman), in its primary signifl- 
cation meaat a horseman, but afterwards was 
api^lied to a page of honour formerly a state offleer^ 
the Office "wA abolished iki VhW tiihe of (Stoeen 

Every knifht had after h^ rtili*g 
Three henchmen, on hkn waitingr. 

CBAvcxn*t Ftootts and Lbafi* 

1 do bnt bey a litBe change Bug boy' 

To be my henchman. 

Mine. Niost's DmAM. . 

Hend {S. hean), kvfid, gentle, civil,, ooiirteous. 

^ow I am dubbed a knight, hende 

■ Wonder wyde Shan Wase my fiune. 

\ Old iKT.Tnx. WpaLpn A99 t«i Cjvtumk. 

In, qnoth the^dwaif, and louted lowe, 

Behold that hende soldan. 

O. B. Sir Caulink. 

H£NT (S. hen^an), to catch or lay hold of. 

But all that he might of his friends hent. 
On books and OD Ifamini; he it q>ent, 

Cuavcxr's Clebk of Oxxkford's Tauc* 

■ ■ The gravest dtiaeni 

Have jk»^ the gatiw* 

ICsAS. roA UbiAC*. 


[epb (S. heopd), the t).iin>oto h&kA of the flower 
^eM^^^keiimg m^e, remaining after the leaves are 
shed, i^ow called liip. 

Sweet as if the bfamUc floun 

€Sa$Baaut.*B JMvhk ov Sxft Thopas. 

Herbergbr^ a person emplojed to procure lodgmgpk 

See " Harborowe.V . • 

I ■ ■ ' , ' • .■' d» 

Bj kerbergen tbat wenten him "before. 

Herdes or HuRDs, roug^h oeane bewp/^tbe vefose 
of the distair. 

AnA die hafl mi a nofkenejr, 
tliit toot of hempe Aenfe* wa*. 

Cka vent's Vox. tiF-Tn Rosa. 

HswiE (SL)« Ajcoraer. Heme Bay, on the coast of 
Keoty is ao caliedirom Ms^ in«ii aogb. - 

. Sifter iA«i^e]y1ia]ke«iidiiaevflnrftera» 
Particular science for to learn. 

HfiRYiMG (S.:&^ftan)« to praise or icelebcate* , 

How I mote tell anoA riffht the g^axlnesse 
OfTroilostoVenosAtftyiiur. . >. -'- 

(^Aoosa's Troi. aks Crxss. 

Then wovUst tluw liMrii to oaral of Jov^ 
And herg witii.hynM thy lass's giore. 

Srvril^R's Shbp. Cal. 

Hest (S. hxtiQ^ j^binmand, precept^ 'k^uactioD^ 
promise. See ^' dSebeaf 

And rausaidc a& fheir dens from wetft to least, 
IteganilBI: nottght rtiiglon nor their holy Jle(M<. 

'SitevBSR*s F. Qdbbn. 

Rtfiasln^lier grand hesU, she did confine thee. 

t1. . ,. J • . • TSMPBST. 

HsTRiNe (S)^ scorn, .i^oclcery, derisioq, contempt. 

All Is thy kething fisUen upon thee. 

CM .V : A GLOltAMAf. ANB' / . ^ 

- AlMl (|«od#6lm,tiitdagrtliilt.Iwfi|]iom^ ,r > 
K<nr aire we driren to AelMii^ and to aeorne. 

Het day, an interjection expr^Mive ot frolic ^and 

*TwM a Btrangc riddle lo « liAfr 
NotlOTe,irHB7]OT'dhcr: A«ydlqff 


Het de cuise, a word of uncertaiii derivation, 
perhaps a corruption of the last word bey day^ that 
. ia, after; the guise or manner of a frolic; a wild 
' and IftHicseoie dance* 

By wells and liUs, in meadofws greeneK- 
We nigbtly danee o«r .iUy da§ guiae, 

0. B. Robin Goodfbllow. 

Oaak jnonr eyea on onr gipaey faihioBMi, 

Ii| our antique Aey tfe f«i«e we go beyond all nalioiia. 

Ot P. Tsx arjdkxm QiMr- 

Hiconrs vocTfus (a; eoitnptibii of Mc M'doc^M, 
" this is the learned nian")> <^n^ words ased by 
jugglers ii(i the exhibition of their tricks, from 
hence it became a name for a juggler or deceitful 
tridting peiprson. 

An old dull act, who tol*d the dbek 

For naay years at Birtdewdl ]>ocM, 

At Westminster and'Hicks's HaU^ 

And hiccius decehu play'd in all. 

... HunXBRAS- 

HiGRT (S. baton), named or called. 

A worthy duke, ttMeM^MMithdoB, 
That fellow waa to Dnka Theseua. 

CBAVCB»7a Kkicbt*s Talb^ 

Malheeo he and HflUenore ahe ^A^ ' 

SPBN8BB*B F. Qubbn. 

HitDiNG (S. kyUUm), a low, paltry, degenerate 
fellow ; a term of contempt, someUWes appfod lo 
the female sex. 



U yonf lordship 4o aot ilBd liim a AiMifV* iMd^ 
in your respect. 

Au.*s ffrnth TVAT EN9jl*WaftL. 

Out on her, kiUing, , 


Hind (S.Atn^)^ asery&tit^ peasant/ or rustic. 

A couple of Ford's kaaTes, his Mnds, were called fort2i by 

their mistress. 

Mkrrt Witbs of Windsor* 

VTis like the commons, nide unpolishM hinds. 

Hi^poGiuFF (F.hippogr^e), «a waginary, winged 

horse. ' . ..: 

He casglit him up, aiitf ivitfaoot wiagr • 
Of hippogr^ hore through the ak sublfine. 

Par. Rboainrd. 

HitiBN, a cant word for a bodrtetsktl or Itariot, cot^ 
rapted firom syren. 

There be syrens i» tlie sea oCthe :ii»oiliit MirMt aa tii«y are 
now called— in pUin English, harlots. 

Adams's Spiritval NATiaAToa. , 

Down, faltovs! haTew6notfffrmliere> 

i ^ART K. &JlJt. IT. 

Ho, an interjection signifying: a stop, limits or 1>oiind. 
Cotton spells it whoe, and as this word is still used 
to horses,' it is pvobably a corrilptioii of the ori- 
ginal word ho, both having the same itteaning. 

There is no Ao with Unv but oobe hUartenatt** ' 

Nash's Laimv 9nww. 

Flagae OB theiai- thane's ■• As wmiHiem. 

O.iP. Tbs Honrst Whorji. 

Now l&is same Gartherge, you .mu$t know, 

Juno ^ love oaft or riV tsMsfs 

■ Ocfrtw** ViRo. Trat. 

Hobby horse. A figure so oaUed, made of paste- 

' board pr other malenals,. was introdnced in the 

old May games and in the Christmas fastiinties. 

and eontintied till flm fkiifatical tinres t>f Gnymwell, 
mhen it was abolished with other innocent anmse- 
meAts ^y ike puritanical sectaries. 

Howiikt aACfwdMtk^aMizli 4noeit iBikm 
Notfainf Imt AoMy AoTM and MiM Xartan. 

WA8«nn>KiC8 Tbkt Woman. 

Tother kMif korte, 1 perccire, is not fbrgoCten. 

O. P. GEsnia's Tu Qvogvs. 

HoBVftMi {O. F.)y a species of light horse soldier, 
M> eaMed tnm Che Ameh Aatti^ a Ktlhi vboKt 
maned horse. 

Ten IkooMDd kni^tts «hwt sadiiBni 

mtkootem AoMmw aDA«qmran. 

Rom. or Oct. Imp. 

HoccAMOiiEf a Rhenish wiue« ca})ed Qlf^Hockt.from 
its being made at Hockheim^ near Meol^ 

And made fhem stoutly orejpome 

Hocus poccs, words used by jugglers or practisers 
«f leg^defiiaiin, of no definite meaning, but said 
by l^egge and «>>Aers to Me a lodierouft Mrrvptiea 
of Am est 4»rpi$i, 'used by popish priests ^ci 'COHSe- 
<erafting the host. Turner, in his tIiffierp»ofike 
itogto ^fStunm^, with more ivrebabiMy ^erivM it 
from Oehic^ Bot^ws, a magicrati ^f the northern 
mythology, whose namey accordiag to Verelius, 
was intoked by the Italian conjurors. 

And like bUnd Fbntone, ^th a iMglilv 
, . - Cimvef men's interest and right. 

From StUes's pocket into Nokes*s, 

* ■-•I'l ' '■ - aktiMy«M'Jb4Ml«|MM«. • '- 'IftlblMUl 

WovDY¥KKm, a term of i^e^pveiicli vyiimiiiilovii with 
«ticta»ld. ^ 

Art h£te Agayne, iboa hoddggekei; ; WuXr MIh ^TV nv 
out my spitte. 

O. P. Gam. Ouston*8 ^b»us. 

HoGH (Du. hoogh), a hill. 

That well can witness yet unto this day 

'The wiriMena hogh, be^riokled with the goTt 

Of mifflitr Gomot. Spsnssr's F. Qvmun,. 

Hogs Norton, the name of a town in Oxfordshire^ 
proptriy spelt Hoch Norton aecording' to Ray; 
bnt Peck and Grose contend that Hogs NorloA ia 
in Leicestershire, and that the old proverb^ " you 
were born at Hogs Norton, where pigs play on 
the organ/' arose from the fact thai thd organist 
of the chorch was named Piggs. Ta aoemd a nan 
of being bohl'at Ho^ Norton, implied a charge- 
of boorish manners. 

' . irtfacpii1iMMr4ft|DTCwtetitoiim«ea»dI^iiotr«l«lla: 
it, tiien say I wias brought ap at Hoga Norton, 

Nash's Apol. OV P. PbtMii&Ml. 
JUidpBkiWS'all'Secarely snort oa,- ' 
like omaaisto of leuu'd Sogt Noriom» 

Cotton's Viao. TaAT, 

Hoisx (P. hdu99er)y to raise on higfa^ to lift^ tij^ br 
duplace ; the word is now spelt hoist 

<.. 'Vfe'UqiiicldyAoiMlHikeHainplireyfromhiiaBSfbii'- .^ 

s PAaT K. 9nr..vx. 
Hoise sail and fly. 

Cbavman's Pobms. 

HOK9RFUL (Teat, hoekeriche), cross, froward, pee* 
vish. • 

Tlien was the ladya of tjlie houie 

A pn»tt4 damo and BwUeioiis, 

Boktrfkl and mis-segging. Lay ls Frbinb. 

HoK&T (iF.hochtt), a toy oir playthings lor ^a child.; 

Mony kokot is in amoiifi^ ■• 
Bt«dfti9l HhUftn bcA lechoiirs. 

]U>N. oy K. AbUAVMIIEB* 

286 4l eumsAWJALA^B 

Holt (8. Ml), a wood, groie, or plantation of 

When Zephirus ekt wMi Ms aote 
Espired liath in eTery Ao^ an4 keathf 

CiLAuosft** PM|r»TO Cakt. Talks. 

Ye that frequent tlM kftto 

And highest hoUt, 

TVBMtVULB^ 'ItosniVTs. 

HoRRBNT (L. horrent}, armed with ofitwatrd potnts^ 
briftlM, or nritlr the iiair apruMH, * 

Fiery senphiai eaetelettowul 

Witb bright emblazonxy and horrent anns. 

Vab. Ijost. 

HosTSLHT (F, htrntilerie), an inn or pUoe -oi poblio 
. , aotertaiament. 

l%at alvht ini eesei ii|(9 Ihtl ilMMf 
Wd nine and twenty iA a oompany. 

Cravcbe** Bm». «» CkONk Hl&M. 

Houi.«r (F.Attbte)» Ae proriiiAiA^wPM inrmn owl, 
l>at jfei^raUy called Padg^ or Madge lioulet. 

Adder's iork and bUad fwniAlfttM^ 

Uaanl's isr and Asufe^'yi ^«i*ff« 


i|ovaii#,and Houselen (S. A|M(Imiii)^ tti ^giw or 
receive the boly sacrameatj meiie tei|pfi(iil4ly to 
adminitter it to a pefsoa in danger of knipediate 

%o it be doen in due manere, 
A man to Aeusslteaad to shfiT^. ; 

CkAVQER'S PLOinfAlf's TAJf^. 

A priest, a prieit, Sir Aldingar, 

While I am anBHilive, 

Me for to h am H e a a d rtffive. 

O. B. Sir Alvinoar. 

BoTtE (B. k(^)y to loiter, ^Wiait, lio?^, kir tcnaiat 

This f—ia mntothe gjaine «>de» 
Where that she ikooetf aadsdnde. 

OowiR*8 Con. An* 


PftTilyoBft wec c pifl it on lifi»» 


HoYTiNG, riotous and noisy mirth. 

We shall havfe such hoyting here anon* 
You'll iroAder at it. 

O. P. Ths Tkbacian WoKDBit, 

Heshifs and hfnUtt and retels amottg his drunken companions. 


OF THB Burning Pkstlb* 

HucKLE (Du. AtecAe/»), the hip bone. 

For getting upon stamp and Awc^le, 
He with the foe began to bUBidc. 


Hub and cry (F. huet)^ the legri! pdrsirit'of a 
erimtimi, by raising the po^se comitatia. 

1 1 

How shail I MMwer kme amd erjf. 

For a roan gelding twelve hands high* 


Hugger mugger/ supposed to be derived iro.i)» the 
Danish huger morcker, to bug in the dark;, with 
secrecy^ in a clandestine manner. 

^We have done but greenly, 

In hugger mugger to inter him. 


He died like a polittcian, in hugger mugger i made no man 

ftB^jCttlMed wiOi it. 

O. F* Tbb Rbvbvobjrb* Tbagbot* 

Hull (Goth. &u{ga)y the husk or external covering, 
and hence the body of a ship is so called; the 
verb signifies tp drive to and fro without rudder^ 
«ail| oroajr. 

He looked and saw the aitc hull op the flood. 

Par. Lost. 

H«n*B faeh »eoapasy #f i7 teatt AiilliN^ Ao«b tUs^tiliaiBf 

that theie*s no boarding him. 

' O. F.' Amrincio anb tiMtJiroA, 

HuLSTSREO (S. heohtra)y hidden, retired. 

288 A QUraSAAtAL-'AM^ t 

flbortiyl ^PoQlMrbaraw* toe. 
There I hope bcft to kuUiend be. 

Cbavcsr'i Eom. ov tfm Bosb. 

HuLVER (S. Au(^er«), the holly. 

Betwixt an Av^«fe mmI a wodclmde^ 
At J WM ware— I saw there laie a maa. 


Save Attlfcr and ttem^ tipereof flidllDrto make. 


HuvpHREY. See '* Duke Hampbrey/' . , ,,. ,^ 
Hui9T couNTcrR^ a term derived from hunting; to 

traoe the scent the reverse way. To run counter 
. is still in use to signify to go opposite or -contrary 

ways. Shakspeare uses it as a term of oontempt. 

Yott kunt wtmUrt henoe ! anuuit ! 

-3 Past K. Hbn. it. 

Hunt's Up, the name of an old hunting tune« called 
The' Hunt is Up, played as a sfer^nade, to awaken 
the hunters and call them to the chase; it some- 
times implied a morning 4song io a new married 

I love no chamber music; bxHt a drum 
To give me IlunVs Up, 

O. P. Tetb Four AvpBBimcni ov LosDoir. 

F>or Joy of your friexMily agreement the amorous son is oome 
to give you a HunVs Up, 

O. P. A CraiiLbhov ro« BBAvrr. 

HuRLY {¥, Hurler)^ a noise, howling, or yelling; 
Hurly Burly, noise or confusion, is also derived 
from the French hurler and burler, to which latter 
word Cotgrave gives the same meaning^. Dr. 
Johnson is therefore mistaken in supposing it not 
to be found in any old French word book. Halla 
ballop is also more probably thus dmved ihan 

from Jamieson's hola has loup, a huntings exclama- 
tion signifying attend! keep quiet 1 the wolf ! 

A7, and amid thiiibMr^ I intaad 
Tliat all is done in reverend care of her. 

Tamino of tbb Samair. 
When the kurfy iur^^i done. 



t ■ ■ - 

HuRTLS (0. F. heurteler), to move with swifti|ess 
or impetuosity^ to skirmish. 

His approved skill to ward. 

Or strike or AiM^iie round in warlike .gyre. 

Spinsbb's F. Qobbk. 

Iron deet of arrowy shower, 
Hurttet in the daikenM air. 

6rat*s Odb, Thb Fatal Sistbrs. 

HvTGH (F. huche), a cheat of any kind ; the verb 
to hutch, is to hoard op. 


Ske kmithH the aSUworsh^* on* 

Milton's Comus. 

Hyde (S. hidd), a quantity of land, said to have 
been about 120 acres, but Littleton says the num- 
ber of acres was uncertain; it is sometfflies used as 
ft general tern for a field. 

Whm'cenie rlpeUi in everysteotle, 

Mury it is in field and. Al^« 

RoM. or K. ALZSAinuDBB. 

HYFERioNy a name for Apcdlo or die sun. 

So excellent a kings that was to this 
HjfjMHen to a aatyr;i 


\Vhere(m JiflpenWi vUckoJiig fire doth shine. 



290 A CI.05SAR1AL ANi^ 


Jack, a nick name for Jobn, wbich b^ing a common indicated a penon of mean origin^ 
and was used as a term of contempt proyerln- 
ally^ as the word g^m/(e denoted a person of good 
lineage ; it was also applied to a saucy impelrtinent 

0o fro the window. Jack todke, she nide. 

Cbavgkr's MiLtxa's Tauk. 

Since every Jack beeame a gemllenuitt. 
There's nwnx a gentte penon made a Jmek, 

K. RicB. III. 

J AOK >A * LsNTy a, poppet tlirown at in Lentj like the 

Shrovetide cock. 

If a boy that is throwing at his Jtufk a Lent chance to hit me 
on the shins, why, I tay nodUng )fpt ta ^oqae, 

O. P. 6mcaNK*s Tu QuoQira. 

Where tlv)u did'st stand six. weeke^ the JUtck a.Le»tt 
Tot lK)ys to horl Oiree throws a ptony at tliee. 

. B. Jonson'b Talk op a Tub. 

Jack of ths /c^ock house (F.jaqiielei), a £gore 
connected with a church 'dock, made to strike the 
quarters upon, a bell, similar to those which lately 
ornamented the church of St. Danstan, in Fleet 

While I stand foolfaii: hcreliis Jmdt ^Uh* clotk. ' 

K. Rica. II. 

Because that, like a Jack (i. t. of the clock), thoa Jce^*st ttie stroke 
Betwixt thy begi^f and my nleditatloii. 

K. Rich. hi. 

Jack Straw, one of the leaders of the Essex Tcbeb 


in 1389, against Richard II. That inonarch pub- 
. kshed a pardon , whieh Straw's, followers accepted, 
and he^ being deserted by the mob, was appre- 
hended and hanged. It appears the rage of the 
fnsnrgents was directed against the Flemings and 
Lombards, many of whom were savagely slaugh- 

Ccrtes JmdkStrmt ne his menie' 

Ne made shoutes half so shrill 

When that tbey wovdd any nemins kSL 

Chaucsr's Nonnxs PKiasTM Taut.- 

Jacob's staff, a kind of astrolabe or mathematical 
instrument for taking heights and distances. 

Tdl me hilt -wbati*! the nalfnl-caflne -^ 
Why on a sign ho painter draws 
. The full moon ercr, but the haU;— 
RcsolTe me with your Jaeoi*i tiaf, 


Jam^bux (F.jambes), armour for the legs. 

JBaJambeu* were of core holy. 
His sword sheath of iyorie. 

CHAVcsa's' RbtiIs of SiK Thomas. 

Jane, a Genoese coin of small value, supposed to 
be the gaily halfpence which, with suskins and 
doitkins, were profafbited^ in Ebgtand by stat ^ 
Henry V. 

Yet flat reftised to haTe adbe wiih me, 
Becaoie I eonldnotgtare^ier many «/«««. 

SMMsaa's F. Quhn. 

Jangler (P.jangZer), a minstrel or performer upon 
a loud sounding instrument ; it afterwards implied 
a babbler or idle talker, a wrangler. 

For the noise of the taboors, 




CvAvciB's Man OF X«jnrsr ^aia 

Jaktt (P. ^enM), smarts sprace, g9^y, g«Dt«eL 
BptI) Dr. Johnfion Mid Baikrf cMae tins wond iii« 
corvectly; it ntitber means nuDpant, wanCoBy or 

Tit trw *tl8 A goodioM^ waf of taster- 

O. P. Thb f Aastfy't Wsoonvfi* 
In man or beast they are so eomely, 

8o/m^, itoModSi «p4 haBdnskt* 

What ttiooi^ thtf dr«Mi fo ftM unijiutfjf* 


Ja^c (F. fiiier)» to jest or joke. A japer wat a 
name given to a jester or buffoon. 

T tfvit adfi&iuf i tha yvlps of ntrtoiitMy 

That wli«i1kafB4ltlBN««iv alutttas^to sy<VM. 

Kaj, /s|M aot hini) kt is at HMttitola. 

aMIX.TOIf*f P9BMf« 

7i9»0rt and Jngelen, and jangdewi of jetla. 

T. Pl»OWIIMi» 

Jaunce (F.jancer), to weary or fatigue by hard 
riding, fromjaneera chevol, to exercise a horse 
, violently. 

Spriifeall'd and tir'd hjjmi^eing BoUnbroke. 

j¥:i»SE8 (F. getU), short leathern straps, tied to the 
foot of a hawk, by which the bird was beld on the 

That like aa ka^ivk, ivkidi ftiOMg htstfittteed 
Fma MUs aakdjeuet, which did let her flight. 

S?sifsam*s F. Quasir. 

J*ET (F. getter), to strut, to have a proud and pomp«> 
ous gait. 

What, ithTdde a begyer be tijetterf 

Ou> Jm, Thk Four P.*8. 
Haw hf i<ito under h|i aikfaiuseil plumes. 


JbIvtise (a corruption firoiii the L.jKiltctieiii), judge- 
ment or punishment* 

Therefore I ask death and vajjewiae. 
But aica »f <iEllOfw iA tbe Mine wise. 


Ignis fatuus (Lat.)> the ig-nited vapour which 
arises from stagnant and putrid water, called also 
Jack with a hmterin or Will o'th' wisp. The 
lamhent flame, whioh is caused by this exhalation, 
frequently misleads the traveller, and hence the 

. word is used to signify any deceitful appearance. 

If I did not tliink thou htd'st l>eflii an ignit faiuut or a tall 

of wUd tie, there's no pttfcbase in money. 

1 Pakt K. Hsn. it. 
Aii igwUfmhtua, that bewitchea 

And leaiii neii Into pools and ditchea. 


Ilk (SI ele)^ the same, a word still in use in ScoU 

lliar helpeU^ nooi^ti .allf foth Uia:^ Wt wej: 
Than may I sain that alle tinintr i&ote dey. 

CHAyrcaa's KNinrVs^TAui* • 

Illation (L. Maiio^, inference, conclusion drawa 
from premises. 

. .1 powtiriate tf /eW ew, 

When you shall oflfer just occasion. • 


Imbrangle, a low word' signifying to embroR or 

They're catchM in knotted law like nets, • 
In which» mkea once they are iutbrangMk « 
llie-morfUheyjitir, the Bpove tfaeyJIre tanfl^. 


Imslanity. (L« mm(mita8),- cruelty, savageness^ 
. barbarity, 


294 A eUMSAtolAti AlW 

iH—fcotlilfi»ni— [ 

Tliat Midi imwtamtp and bloody tUife 

Should reifa unoBs inlMMMI #!«*» Mh. 

1 Famt K. Hbv. ti. 

Imp (S. imj^n), a term fin Meaary; t^ imp ont a 

leather in the wing of a hawk, was to add a new 
one to the broken stump. 

tf Oicn we Shan duOce oiToor ilMrlili tvrito, 

K. Rich. h. 
Ahi tHitt we frtA kirii stey. Iitf iMfMlkto tMiKA 

Witti letttMKitam'd wMi thtniJM^ 

6. f, MvtmukkJttL. 

IifpAiaAtoiM (It. imparadimir^), to put lA a staleof 
fettcity resemblfaig' Paradfse. 

/MftaTMllfMl tn one aiNiher*B I 

Par. Lost. 
AU mr soelt HMf l9 

Jmparaiuei in yon. 


ImpoN£ (L. tm/Hino), to stake, pot; or lay fipon. 

Theking, sir, has wagered him six Bailiary hones } agahiit 

which he has impontd rix ttettch nqpfcfii» fte. 


Importable (O. F.), not to be borne or endured. 

Vher My M> *mp9rtaAU is her pMtBuut 

Chaccbe's Lbttbb or Cvpzn. 
So both attonce him charge on eitbet sytfe 
With hideous strskes aaA H m porta hh power. 

Stbhsbb's F. Qubbn. 

Incarnadine (F. incarnadin), to dye of a red, 
bright carnation, or flesh colour, used adjectively 
to denote that colour. 

wm aU frettk NeptnaM's oceaa wmsk this blood 

Clean from my hnM) Koi this m)^ haoi will rather 

The multitadinoas sea incarnadine, 


Such wkose iR^te MlilB B|ip«r coat of iiyin. 

Cut upon yelvet rich, ineam^uiin, 



Incontinent (L. ineontantur). Th6 6ld and obso- 
lete seixe of ifarn ward is> without delay, imme- 
flKalely. ;..».*' 

Wheresoe?«r lii^ of tlie QamftSi fQCtb b«fore. 
There 1 e(Uficatia& do foUow ittomUinejU. 

Old Int. Thx Nbw Custom. 

Unto fhe place tli«f Mine 4*Mfi«tnM^. \ . ; j < . / ' 


Incony, a word hi ftaqtient use witli %^ old drama- 
tists, iHit neither the derivation nor precise mean- 
ibg mxi be learnt finem its ii|iplio»fieii; ^ eitepii it 
has the same sig^nification as unccamf^r ^^^Mys 
careless, or without thinkiitg'. ,|,' ' .^ 

A cooMMttb iNetDiy* but that he wants monef. 
Wliile I In t3i7 Meony lap do tumble. 

Ikbi«t« (P. inJUgm), vftdesdf viii^> mtwortUji'. ^ 

Am I to thilke honpnr. 

CvAU««a>S OLtflltM f AZUE. 

ABdalliiNN«fn<a>iAbMeiMl««l9ttlts .J 

Make head against wj estimation. 


Induction (F.), leading to or preTimipary. The 
introductory scene preceding a play was formerly 
so called^ as the episode of tke Jhtke and the 
Tinker in the the Taming of a Shrew, 

This is bat an ifulMtf/ton; I will draw 

The cartains of the trafidirlHNtibr. . ' 


Flflte taATe I laid, fnrfiftrfft^f ilaiiMaiinw 

K. Rich. hi. 

Infbre (from S. /rre, a companion)^ iii< eoapvirf 


Now, gnmerey, Folj0| my fsAow i^ere: 
Gowihens} tary no loogor kefe. 

Old Int. Tn Woklob Jktm rmm C^Tio*. 

Ingate (from in and go^), the entrance ojr passage. 

Thardn ttuatbOng andent JaBSi ,* 

'Which hath in jdiaxte the ingmte of the-yenr. 

SpiNsan** F;> Qvssw. 

ING1.B (L. ignis), a fire or flame. - 

While winds firae off Ben Lomond Unw, 
iAd bar the doon wi' dciTinf niMr* 
Aiid Iking nt owre the ingle, 

. Ingh was also a word of eodearmeni equivalent 

OaO BM your lore, your iH^ T^ox coosinr or ap; httt aialar 
aft Bohflttd. 

p. P. Turn HoMssT WnoBi. 

Iitif (S, tnne). This word did not formerly imply 
. an hotel or house of publfc entertainment^ but the 
seat,af a^ nobleman or other opulent person. , Cray's 
Inn, Clifford's Inn, &c. were once the London re- 
sidences of the noble families whose names they 
bear. Its primitiye signification was a domicile in 

— Thoa moat beauteous inn,- 
Why shoold hard fiiTourM grief be lodir'd in thee ? 

K. Rica, 11. 

Now day is spent; 

■ . Therefore with me ye may take iqiyoor itm, 

Spknskr's F.-Qdbsit. 

Inornate (L. in and ordincUuay^ irregular, dis- 
orderly, intemperate. 

Without sinne, ehaile, and inviolate, 
Crom aU deceits and speeches iitomaie, 

CnAucBK's Peo. to Cant. Talks. 

iNTBKPSAL (from inter and deal), to traffic, nego- 
tiate, to deal between. 


To treat -witkher .by way .qf interOnUe 
Of ilnal peace and fsdr atonement^ 

Spsnskr'9 F. CtasM* 

Interpbl (L. inferprffc), to setferfh. 

This being thas, vrhj sbotiM my tongrne or pen 
Presume to interpel that fulness? &c. 

B. Jovsoiv's Uln>BMi>#«>f« 

Inward (S. i$mi>eard), iatinate> haviog dose con- 
Bexioo or acquaintance. 

Who is most ifward with the noble dnke ? 

Ur lord, most MM <Mk*t} ftqr tims «fK4Mii4>y ont 
That is molt irmMhi wRM tiM dttlie*» 8«n*»kist. 

0. P. Tllll RfiVMNAlllJI* TllAOinT* 

Joootovii (8. J00tttoeor), a jeftter, mtmi^ f^)? mio* 
ilrci; one wIr^ p4ayed, long, aid veoiliri vtwea, 
unMngr in hb perfoniMuled the favicMit fomtm of 
liiRgiei poetry, add gfttleu}8tie»; a dfareel defoend* 

ant of the ancient bards. 

Mnry it U In hone to betr the haipej 
Tlie mii^trel syngetb, tti^JogoUntr carpeth. 

Rom. or K. AusAVNni^v^ 
niere X saw playing /pffliMcrt, 
Magicians, and trajetoon. 

Chaucsr*s Horss of Fans, 

John o^ NoKse, that fs, John of the OeJm, %f^ 
thSeus mme, used in leghl proeeedifigs/ aad vni- 
ally coupled with John & SH)es^ ti e. John at the 
Stile; these names have long been sttpeiBeded by 
John Doe and Richard Eoe, also imaginary nameSj, 
used for the same purpose. 

Like h!m that wore the dialogue of dolces j 

A tow fhatfliMt naJiiBaf ycritcB 

Al^ Johns of Stipes to /ooiu •/ Koket, _ 

i98 A ^LMSAWfAh AVD 

Joui«ANCB (P. r^'otitMonctf); rejoicifiir« merriment, 

OoUb, my dew, wlMn •tellit plisae thee tlBC, • 
Af Uioa wcrt wont, aonf* ofwam/tJauiManetf 

Srnrssk's Somrvra. 

JouRNCB {F.'Of L. divrnum), the work or enter- 
' '■ prize of a day. By the modem word jonroey is 
understood the space travelled, withoot refn^nce 
to the time occupied id the performance of it. 

not WM the lady's endins daj, 
And thus wm the qidt iMtJomnJt, 

Rom. of trs Ssrsit Sacks. 

JoTOT (F,), a mock light between two persomon 
. hotaebaek witb lances; itwas distiDgoiahed fkom 
. the tonraament, the latter being a coaibal* in 

• which seteral persons were engaged at the same 

CoBM see tht yle tad kern disport' 
Wl»ere should be/oMMf and tonmais. 

Chavcbk's Drkms. 
Am I that Badymioii who wa« wont in court to lead my life, 
and injutit, toorneys, and anns taexerdse my youth? 

O. P. Endtmxok. 

IpocEASy a sort of drink, made of red wine, cinna* 

• moDy- ginger, pepper, and sugar. The full receipt 
for making it will be found in^raioM'e Chronicle 

,cf London, 

C(»nc» let us drown all onr an^r in a ben^ of Mpoerma. 

O. P. Lifr«uA. 
Sirrah, set down the candlis.itiMi fttob ns a quart, of ip9era$. 

O. P. QaifNs's Tv QuoQVS. 

Irrefragable (L. irrefragahilis), not to be con- 
futed. This term was applied to Alexander Hales, 
. a great teacher of school divinity, in 1236. 

In school divinity as able 
As he that higfat imfrugBbie, 


Iterate (L. ilero), to repeats utter agpain« i>to re- 
miod by freqaent mention. 

What needs this iteruHon f 

-OTfeHf.«. i .1 

Adam took no thought. 

Eating his til; -aoT'ETV toff «rato 

Heir former trespass. 

Par. Lost. 

Judas oolovr, of a red colour* It has been judi- 
cioasly observed, that before persons weretaog^ 
to read, ideas were freqnently borrov^ed from-sbn- 
sible objects, and the uniform delineation of Jtidlis 
in the ancient tapestry \^as with red hair; hence 
• 4ltat •eolour Mraa desigilated J tidiu^* colour' The 
^ame observaUon .will apply, to. Abnhu» and Gain 
colour. See '^ Abraham Colour." . n 

And let 1lMlr'beaiid»lM of JMa^ omi colour. 

O. P. Tbb Spanish Traobot. 

Sure Uutt Vas JiMiofwith the red beard; 

O. P. Thb Chastb Matu of Cbbapsidb. 

jJvMt {hi junctus), to tally or join; also, Ht or sail- 
ab]e> and formerly used as synonimaus with juftt 

Thus twice before wnAJump at this dead honr. 

NeTer did jtrustf sqnire with kuii^ht, 
Or knlgkt iHth squire, e'er /wmp more right. 


JvvcATE or Junket (F.jomade), a cheesecake or 
custard, and a general term for any delicacy. 

A goodly table of pore ivory; 

All qpittd wiOi JuneaieM fit to entertain 

The greatert fcioce. ... t :> < 

* 8pbksib*8 So)xsm,'- 
With storiee told of many » feast,' 

How fairy Mab tteJunkeU eat. 

Milton's L'Ai.]^gro. 

809 "A. GtxOSSAfllilAii/ «|W 


Kam (, erooked, awry. 

AUfocs topsyturvy; all Irem )hmi. 

GusMAji Jp*Ai#M^c»fc 

Kbkoh (from It. caiedkio, a barrel), a selid lump or 
mass, probably of fat, as a fat man is iorthe north 
called keech belly. 

Ttkon whoreson obscene } greasy tallow keeeh, 

1 IRaM X.-ttMr. «▼; 

Kiel (S. 4rei«»), to eool. A small woodba' "vmsel 
. ia tftiil callad to Kent a AmIct, and its iiab la to put 
cold water into a bolKogc pot. 

Ibym koletiMfe Ibr t» Mf* 

6owBR*s Con. Am. 

WkUe grcAsy Joan doth keel the pet. 

Lova's LaBoca Lost. 

Keepe (S. cepan), to study, to cafe, to take koed; 
in these senses this word has been long obsolete. 

I keept Bot to dfanAM vo hyt. 

Old Morality of Btckx ScoaNsa. 
Of love, fond boy, take thou so keepe, 


KeMb (S. o€fmban), toeoiub or separate the hair by 
the instrument so called. 

Kembe fkfne bed rictat joMli^. 

Ohaucbb's a«ai. OF thb R08B« 

Kemblin (S.), a brewer^s vesse! or ttib. 

An0B go fet Bt-ftttte iBto tills iBne 
A kneding trevi^ er ^^fiktmefyn, 

Chaucbr's Miller's Talb. 


TCkn (S. eennun), to know^ to descry, sec, or view. 

Colin, ihou kemi the southene shephctnl's boy. 

8#BNfSk*i Sumr, Cax. 

As far as I could keti thy chalky cttflb. 

S-Pakt K.^Bir. Ti. 

Kendal green. The market town of Kendal, ip 
Westmorland, was famous for the making and 
dyeing of a woollen cloth, called Kendal green, 
^so early as the reign of Richard II. at which tiDi|i 
certain laws were made regulating the Hianufac- 
ture of it. 

Now deUi'^he inly seome his Kendai green. 

Hall'! Sat. 

Kerchief and Keterchef (F. cow^e le chef), 
now called handkerchief, but formerly constituting 
the head dress of a woman, and generally signify- 
ing any loose cloth used in dress by either sex. 

The keverekeft he toke in hand, 
And about his arme he wounde. 

>Roar. OF Rich. Ccbue ub Lzok., 
A plain kerchief. Sir John; my brows become nothiiig else. 

M. WiVBS or WiNOSoa. 

Kern (Ir.oeom), an Irish foot soldier, also a gene- 
ral name for a boorish person. The word is syno- 
nimous with the Scottish cateran, a robber or 

You rode like a kerne of Ireland. 

K. HsN. r. 

And with a mantell commonlie 
Hie Irish kamea do goe. 

Dbreick's Imags orlaiLAKD. 

Kernel (F. crendlS), the comers or holes in a 
battlement, made for the convenience of shootin 



CkittiAt itood is ft iMTiief 

ROM. 09 Oct. Imp. 

A»d In tile kemetit l^ere aad tiiere» 

Cbaucbk'b Rom. of tu Rosb. 

Kbrtk (8. eerfan), to cut, now spelt carv6. 

— -^ That tiM WW like to starter 

Tliroai^ cnifll knife ttiat ^er doHre baift did4r«rw. 

SpBmi&'s V. Qimv. 

Krstrel (F. cercerette), a sTpecies of Ibr^Ic of the 
bastRrd kind. 

What a CMt of kntreli are tiiese, to hawk after ladies fSmi . 

B. JoxfloSs'i EriCJBNXk 

Ketch^ Jack> the name of the common hangman 
about 1680, who sncceeded Dun in that office; 
since which time it has become a general name 
for a public executioner. 

Till Ketchf 6bBeiTiag he was chouaPd, 

And in his profits moch abiis*d. 

BuTLSR*s Ghost. 

Kex, a name g^ven to the hemlock in the midland 

Notiiin^ teems 

But hotefal docks, raush thtotlss, kdckikit, Inus. 

K. Hbn. ▼, 

Ke*, dried ke*f that in smnmet has been so liberal to fbdder 

other men's cattle. 

O. P. NTiSBaiss OF Enforcbd IffAamiAOB. 

KicHEL (S.), a little cake, called a God's kiehel, 
in consequence of its being given by sponsors to 
their god-childreni when the latter asked their 

Oinre ns a boshell whete, nudte, or rice» 
A God's kichel, or a trippe of chese. 

Chaucbb's SoafPNOVK's Talb. 

Kid (Teu. kif)^ to make known or discover. 


Meorcy, and that you ditooveriiatiaie> 
For I am iledito tf UMKt this tmos te Mtf . 

Chavckb*s Mkrcbant's Tale. 

Kidney, a word of uoknowB etjBiolog'y, used ludi- 
crously to sig^oify disposition, quality, humour. 

Think of that, a man of my kidnep. 


Kirk (S. eyreey, the ancient name for a churclv 
still retained in Scotland. 

Whew nfever had ahhay, b« wUe ^ 

Yhen, ne kirke house, ne Tileag^ 

Cu^ucsali Dbbakx* 

KiRTLB (9. eyrtel), a gown or short jacket worn by 
women ; the tame term, was also applied to a pari 
ef male attire. 

OUrd he wm toi ama^ apid proptrly, 

In Mrtle of light waget. 

OBiJZiail*S MXLMUl'S Tamm, 

A cap of flowers and a kirUck^ 
Imbrodered all with leaves of myrtle. 


KiTHB (S. cythe), aequaintaace, familiar know-- 
ledgtt short of friendship. 

B9 that had neither been Ai«*eaoHdi» 
Might have seen a fall faire fight. 

Knap (Bel. hiappen)y to break shovt or bite, the- 
same as snap. 

I woBld she were as lying>A gossip aa e?ar- Jbuq^erf ginger. 

MaacH. OF Vsnicv. 

Knatb (S. (mapa). This word originally denoted 
a boy, page, or other serranij and had no referencer 
to. the character or disposition of the person. 

AiNMV0 ehiU, fight fsire wMhal. 

Gowaa'tf Con. Ax. 


And ek« hii ttede driT«n forth with ataTWi 
With footmcB both yeomen eaid knuoet, 

Cmaucbe*! Knight's Tali* 

Kntfe PLAYiVQ, a pastime or sleight practised iSy 
the aofient g^leemen, minstrels, or jugglers, of 
casting up knives or other sharp instruments and 
catching them; it was sometimes united with 
balls, which the performer threw up with the 
knives and caught in regular aucteision* 

Oirolr&f mU titfBtjrIaf . 

Roik tf K« Asif AVMNMi 

Kmioht Of THB FoaT, » hired witness, one reidjr 
to swear to any thing for money ; so called from 
the whipping post, to the punishment of which 
his crimes frequently brought him*. 

But faltii tad lore •ml honour lost* 

ShaU b« re<tnc*<l to » kmght o'th* poti. ; 


And. Why, how nowj two knifhtt tf the poit, . 
Shad. Ay, master, and we are both farewom. 

0»P. Old Foktuhatm. 

Knocking on presser. See ^ Dresser/' 
Knoppe (Tout, knoppe), any protuberance or bunch, 
especially the bud of a flower.. 

But fretted full of tartarwafgr^. 
And hif h .«hoea kjupp*d with daegs. 

CHAycBB*8 Rom, ot tbs Ross. 

Knot grass, the herb polygonum aviculare^ an 
infusion of which was supposed to have the effect 
of stopping the growth, of any animal. 

You minimus, of hindiiring Aiig< ^a#&made. 

Mu>s. NxoKT** PaiAJi.. 

ff U ! OV OGtCA% DfenoMART; 305 


tiAUBE (Bel. labben)i a babbler or slanderer. 

Quodllio tills sdy matt^. lamnotabbe, 

Chaqcbb's Cant. Talis> 


lAceD MtJTTON, an old term for a prostitute. 

Ay, sir, I, a lost'mottoik, gaTe 70iuri«tterto her, a tecMl miMon, 

Two GiiNTs. ov Vbrona. 

Lambs wooi., ale mixed with tbe pulp of roasted 
apples, so called from Ae soft taste and appear^ 
ance of the preparation^ 

A cop of ANR^riMo/ they diwiko imtb hiai then. 

6^B. Toa Kura and vnu M«.m» 


Here's six pence for>oii$ get ale and apples^ stretch and ipaJt 

fliyself op witii Iambi wooal, 

Govfbt's DsTxxr TO Pat. 

liAMfiC (Teu. lakmen)y to strike or beat. 

^mmm'ji yon shall be ora ve leave yop. 

O. P. BiooAa*8 Bv9«. 
K Mittenxitwsre hare, dash inyvig, 
Qttofii he, I would pummel and iam her wdl. 

as; XCTB* A»i»BiweM. 

Lampass (F.), a Itesihy excressence in the mouth of 
a horse^ 

His horse possesst with tile ciaMdcr8,'troaUed witii the lampaa, &c. 


Lancepesade (It. lancia spezxata), the lowest^ 
grade of an officer in the army, the leader of half 
a file, commonly called a captain over four^ it i» 
usually spelt Icmcepresado^ 


906 . A 4»M>S9AR|AL AHDv . 

Ann'd like » dapper UmeepeMde. 


Lard (F. larder), to fatten^ also to mix with any 
thing to improve it. 

N4IW FkUtaff twests tt> deathy 

And forri» the leah eaitfa u be walks. 

1 Fast K. Hsir..iv.- 

Hie mbrtli whereof' a ao larded with the matter. 

M. Wiirsa or Wistdsob. 

Largesse (F.)^ a gift« present^ or bounty bestowedr. 

A large$$ nniyersal like ^e son. 

Over and beside Sic^or BapttstH!* liberalltr, I will mend it 
with a Itgtm, 

TaMUTO or TBB* Sbuw. 

Laroun (F. /aronne), a thief. 

Of theft* I <wol me defeat 

Ageyn knight, swayn, and baronn, -^ 

That I am no iorowii* 

Rom. or K. Alisaundvk^ 

Lathe, a ham ov stable; a term still in use iu< 
Lincolnshire. , 

Why ne haddest thou put the capel (i;e.- tiie horse) im fhe-iuMe^ 

Cbaucbr's Rsva's Talk. 

Latin. This term in ancient times signified laH'^ 
guage in general, and not the peculiar tongue of 
the Romans^ and a UUimer was an interpreter of 
languages. See *^ Leden.'^ 

. Quoth ebild Merlin,, 

AH to loude thou spok thy latin, 

Rom. ov thb SBTnrSMLone. 

Anon stood up her liM»«r) 

And aunswered Aleyn Trenchemore. 

Rom. op Rick. Caua nn Lion. ■ 

Latten (O. F. liBton), a metal composed of copper 
. ^nd lapis calamhuiriSy now called brass. 

Phoebus wa3Ee old and hewed like UUon, 

CsAucxa's FaAKXLiN'& Task. 


Congealing English tin, Grecian gold, and Roman /a^/0» all 
of a lump. 

Lattice (red). This was formerly the insigpoia of 
an ale-house^ from whence the present sign called 
the diequers is derived. It was supposed that it 
imported that the gtime of draughts might be 
played within ; but it has been proved from the 
ruins of Pompeii that the chequers was a common 
sign among the Romans. 

Yon rogue will ensconce yonr rags, your red Imitiee phrases 
and bold breaking oaths under the shelter of your honoim 

M. WxvBS or Winvsok; 

I am not as well known by my wit as an ale house by a red MUce', 

O. P. AKT. and MSI.LIDA. 

The sign of the green l^uee^ still in existence^ is 
only an ignorant alteration of the original. 
Launce (L. lanx), a balance. 

Tliat Fortune all in equal hutnee doth sway, 
And mortal miseries doth mitke her play. 

Spbnssb's F. QustN. 

Laund {F^lande)t &n extended plain, bounded by 
a wood on either side ; the modem word lawn is 
derived from it. 

FoT'through this Immi aaon the deer will come. 

a Pakt K. Hbv. Tt. 

Layer (F.), to wash. It was anciently the custom 
for guests to wash before sitting down to meals, 
and it seems that the signal for this ablation was 
given by sounding a trumpet. 

The styward, so says the gestfe. 

Anon did the hinges heste ;• 

At noon ** a laver** the waytos blewe. 

Rom. 09 RiGB. CoiuB vb laow. 

308 A GfjonsniAL Mmn 

Lavolta (P. lavoUe), a sprightly danoe, in which 
naeh capering is used. 

Nor heel the high kuflt. 

Taei. Aim Gmns. 

What, the tetpila/hairf Nay, if the hCKfwe fiddkv S)»acr 
most needs denee. 

0»P. LnreuA. 

Law bat. A court leet or view of finnik pledge 
was so called^ heing the sheriff's tou£M or county 

Keep leets and law iajft, and in eessions tttL 

Lay (6. leieK), a species of narrative poetry or 
metrical composition of the aneietti Mifiatrols^ and 
sung by them, distinguished from the* /oUuiudp; 
which were recited. The Bretons were celebrated 
for these compositions, and most of them in Xb» 
English language are translations from the Armo* 

Iliese (dd gentU Bretons inhir dayes. 
Of divers aventures maden fojret. 

CBAucxa'8 nujf KUN**! Talc- 
listen, listen to my /qy ; 
Thus the merry notes did chime. 

Lay or n^ Lxttlb Bied.' 

Leasing (S. Imsungt), lying, ftilsehood^ deceit. 

Certain, without^ leu$9, 

Glottdeslye sayd, we wfil to ov kin^ 

To get in a charter of peace. ^ 

O. B. Adam Bsll, &c; 

May Mercury endue thee with letat»g, foy tlioa qpeak*st well 
of ftxribi. 


Lbchour (Q. F. ledieur), a person addicted (<>• 
lechery or lewdness; sometimes applied U) a para-^ 
site or blockhead. 


Fjr upon thte, lechcw^t 
Thoucrli sludl die as a traitonr. 

Rom. or K. AusAtflflMls. 

Yoa, like a teener, out of whorish loins 
Are pleased to bireed out yottrlnheritonr. 

Taoi. aKa GRBSSr 

Lectorn (O, F. lectrin), a reading desk. 

Hail to the god and goddess of our lay. 
And to tiM kcttm^ amorliy he spiong; 

Chaucer's Coi^by or Lo««» 

LEDfiN (S. tffden). This word not only meant the 
Latin language^ but language in general^ even 
that attribtttid to bird« and beasti. 

Tht 4Q«liit rl&c, 

11uroQ|li fPhteh iht undintood wtU mi thiag 
TMI tny Ibite flMT ta Us iMm MgfMi 

CiAvon*! Ifivifti'l Tali. 

Rw MUtH WM likf huBMUi taamct tnw. 


LwEe» (6. l<0ee)i an old word uied to lignity a 
pbjrsidan or peraon understandiiig the uio and ap- 
plication of medicine and surgery ; the art was 
chiefly confined to ecclesiastics and the higher 
order of females. The word is still retained as a 
medical term in cow leech, 

Fetche me down my daughter deere* 

She is a leeeh fall f^ne, 

OwB. Sis- CAUittUB^ 

Her words pr«TaU*d, and then the learned leech 
His conning hand *gan to hi^ wodndsto lay. 


LsER (S. hleare), complexion or hue of the face. 

flie lady it rody in the chere. 
And made bright in the lere, 


He hath a Rosalind of a better /eer than yon. 

As Yov Liu It«- 

L^SE (S. leoMny, the old word to lose. 

310 •' A CfiOSSAKlAI* 'Alf0 

Fi^ther, we come aot for «i*rifl»te WMP« 
Bv^ to know wlieUier we shall i»l» «r IMW* 

O. P. QmotMM A Gbssit^ 

Lket (S. I<pf), a law tefm to signify a htw day; a 
court hek) once a year^ where persona who owe 
personal sort gt) to be sworn to their fealty and 
allegiance ; ft is now chiefly us^d as a court, by 
ancient custom, to elect and swear m eonstablefr 
and other parish officers. 

Wbo hM a bit*tt to port 

But lonMi unotefttilr mptnhmMkm 

XftplfflfftadlswiAyif . 


Leobritt (F. legeriU), liyhtaeit, simblmett of 

BnAk «p their drowiy grftTt, wad Mwljr mow 

With pasted slouf h and freih kt§H$if, 

Lsif4Jf (F. I'mmanie), a sweediaart, iover, or gal- 
lant^ whether male or feaiale ; alst, a eetnet^ntk 

I huve » Ipnily i m m m, r 

As bright of blee as is the silvev. laoon. 

0.-P. Ssoaoa a flmw.. 

As jealous as Ford, tiutt searched a hoQow walpat. ftir if!^ 
wife's leman* 

M. Wvna or Wimdsob. 

liKMK (6. kaioMm),. a ray of light, a flame or blaze;: 
lemedt, shone bright. 

Fire with red toae». * 

Chaccbr's Nqknimi f bbsvm TAUi« 
His loreine lemed an with pride ; 
Steed and annnre aU was Make. 

MoBTB d*Abtbvb. 

Ijbiides (S. lendenu), the loins. 

A banne cloth, as white as morow milke. 
Upon her lendes, fuU of many a gore. 

Cbavjcib's Millib's Taui* 



Lbnt£N (S. lefU)y of or belong^g^ to the feast of 
Lent; meagre, sparing. 

No hare, sir; unless » hue, sk^iii a knien pye. 

ROM^ AND Jmt.. 
AbA witb a Itntoft saUad oool'd her VkMMk 

DaTBair*a Uiw» ako PANTHia. 

L'envoy (F.)^ a term borrowed from old French 
poetry, and signifying a few detached verses at the 
end of each piece, serving to convey the moral, or 
to address the poem to a particular person. 

No riddle, -ao Penvajf. 

Lom^ I>A.B«uii h§9^ 

Tlutrttfae taoralltjr or Penvop of il. 


Leri: 1[S. here), a lesson, doctrine, or information. 

TliO he thai; had well ycon*d his lere. 

BiNiNsaa'a Bmm, CaIt, 

Bat he learned his leer of my son, his young mastor. 

O. P. MoTHsa fiOMBta* 

Lessell or LsvERSEiiL, ft word of doubtfal ety* 
mology and of uncertaiii meadingu It is said by 
Bailey and others to be a b«ish or hovel; but a 
much older authority, the Promptorium Parvus 
lorumy a dictionary compiled in 1440^ defines it, 
though obscurely, " leveed y befbra % w^owe or 
other plaoe ;" from whence it should seem to im*- 
piy a*projecting 9UI of a window, sufficiently larg^ 
to protect from the weather, many of* which are 
still to be seen in very old houses. The quotation 
seems to justify the suppo&itioo. 

The deilL«iB hoxae, fher as he stode ybouade 

Behind the mill, under a letsell. 

CBAucaa'8 Rflra's Talk. 

310 A €i4»sAnEii mtn 



Lbet (8. l^t), a Imw term to signify a biw day; i 
court held once a year, where penoos wlio owe 
personal soft go to be sworn to their featty and 
allegiance ; it b now chiefly niod as m conrt^ by 
ancient coston, to elect and swear is constables 
and other parish officers. 

Who bat abwMt to pan 


Xftp t§d» §mA Iswisyt/ 

Leobritt (F. liger$U), lightMiS, siflibloiieti of 

BnAk «p fheir drowiy gmft^ Mid Mwlr : 
With ^aitod sloofh ftDd freih liV«ii|r' 

LsMAN (F. Vaimanie), a sweetibeart, lover^ or gal* 
kat, whether male or female ; also, it emaci^iiiK 

As bright of blee as is the silTu. iBPon. 

O. P. Steoaos A Omiw.. 

As j ealoQs as Ford, tiiat sevchol » hoQow watawii fv iris 
wife's leman, 

M. Wivia o9 WiNBSOs. 

liBMB (6. leammn), a ray of light, a flame or blaze;: 
lemedt, shone bright. 

Fire with red lemw, * 

His loreine lemed an with pride } 
Steed and annure aU was blake. 


Leiides (S. lendenu), the loins. 

A barme cloth, as white as morow miUce, 
Upon her lendes, fuU of many a gore. 

Cbavjcbb's Milli»*8 Tale* 



Lbnt£N (S. lefU)f of or bolong^g^ to the feast of 
Lent; meagre, sparing. 

No hare, eix-, unless a haie, sir, in a letUen pye. 

ROBf> AND Jmt.. 
AbA witb a Itntoft saUad oool*d her Uood. 

DaTBB]i*a HfifD Ajro Panthbr. 

L'envoy (F.)^ a term borrowed from old French 
poetry, and signifying a few detached verses at the 
end of each piece, serving to convey the moral, or 
to address the poem to a particular person. 

No riddle, ao Penvop. 

Loinij*8 LABAuft Les«>» 

Tlutrttfae tnoralltjr or Penvop of it. 

O. P. PARA-8ITA8TCft« 

Leri: 1[S. here), a lesson, doctrine, or information. 

Tho he H&flfc had wdl ycon*d his lere, 

BvsNsaa's tear. CAir, 

Bat he learned his leer of my son, his young: mastor. 

Q. P. MOTHia fiOMBIB* 

Lessell or Lbversell, a word of doubtfal ety* 
mology and of uncertaiii meadingu It is said by 
Bailey and others to be a bush or hovel; but a 
much older authority, the Promptorium Parvu* 
lorum^ a dictionary compiled in 1440, defines it, 
though obscurely, " leveeel, befbra % w^ndowe or 
other place;" from whence it should seem to im'- 
piy a*projecting mil of a window, sufficiently largp 
to protect from the weather, many of* which are 
still to be seen in very old houses. The quotation 
seems to justify the supposition. 

The dedies hoxae, iher as he stode yhouade 
Behind the mill| under a ktsell, 

Chaucsr's BflTB's Talk. 


Ctattoit Btood im a iMTiief 
And ttgh that light. 

Rom, 09 Oct. Imp. 

A»d in the kemeU, here and there, 
Of ai%tafl«e8 gmle piMtjriMKtk 

CoAucBB't Rom. or nu Ron. 

Kbrtk (8. eerfan), to eat^ now spelt earv^. 

That else ifw like to stert^ 

Throagh croel knife that |ier deMre haik did Itene. 

Snima't 9, Qvsiv. 

Ks^TREt (T. cercereUe), a species of Imtrk of the 
bastard kind. 

What a cast of kettreU are these, to hawk after ladi«8 thus. 

B. JoxsoM'lb JS>ticMsm, 

Ketch^ Jack, the name of the common hangman 
about 1680, who succeeded Dan in that office; 
since which time it has become a general name 
for a public executioner. 

Till Keteht dbsenring he was chonafd. 

And in his profits much ahu8*d. 

Sutler's Ghost. 

Kex, a name given to the hemlock in the midland 

Nothing teems 

But hatefal docks, roogh thisttea, keck^m, hnis. 

K. Hen. t. 

Ke», dried kex, that in summed has been «> liberal to fodder 

other men's cattle. 

O. P. IffiSBRiBS OF Enforced HARaiAos. 

KicHEL (S.), a little cake, called a God's kiehel, 
in consequence of its being given by sponsors to 
their god-children, when the latter asked their 

Giive us a bashell whete, mJalte, or rice, 
A God's kichel, or a trippe of chese. 

Chaocsr's SoifPN0OH's Tale. 

Kid (Teu. kit), to make known or discover. 


Meier, aMtliatfOtttffOovtrmilme}^ 
For I am dedde if tkat tiiis Uiiii« te «tf . 

Chaucbr*8 Mbhchant'8 Tale. 

Kidney, a word of uokoown etymology, used ludi-* 
crously to sigDify disposition, quality, bumour. 

Think of that, a man of my kidney. 

M. Wives of Wiin>80.B. 

Kirk (S. eyrcey, the ancient name for a chnrclv 
still retained in Scotland. 

Wheie nfever had akhay, ae idla 
Yben, ne kirke house, ne Tileagpe. 


KiRTLE (8, eyfiei)^ a gown or short jacket worn by 
women ; the same term was also applied to a pari 
ef male attire* 

Gird he was toX wbm^ tmd paroptrlyi 

In kirtle of light wa^. 

OiaiJBCSIl'8 MtLUft'S Taui. 

A cap of flowers and a kirUe,. 
Imhrodered aQ with leaves of piyrtle. 

Marlow's Posms. 

KvTHX (S. eythe), acquaintance, familiar know-^ 
ledgB short of friendship. 

H9 that had neithwr been jfctftfsorldjk 
Might haye seen a full faire fight. 

R. H00J» Ain> QffT 09 OffBORVS. 

Knap (Bel. knappenyy to break shott or bite, the- 
same as snap. 

I wonkl she were as lyingfA gossip aa twr.ktu^pei ginger. 


Knats (S. cnapa). This word originally denoted 
R boy, page, or other servant, and had no reference^ 
to. the character or disposition of the person. 

AioMWtf ehild^ right ftiire witiial. 

QowtA^S Ck)N. Am. 



And ek« his ttede driT«n fSortJi with stayesf 
With footBCB both yeomen eaid Jhiovet. 

CaAucB«*s Knight's Tali* 

Kntfe PLAYivQ, a pastime or sleight practised iSy 
the aofient g^leemen, minstrels, or jugglers, of 
casting up knives or other sharp instruments and 
catching them; it was sometimes united with 
balls, which the performer threw up with the 
knives and caught in regular suceession* 

Kngfpliifing t»d eko iiii|(iaff» 

OirolrBf tatf titfBtylAr. 

aoik tf Ki Asm AVMNMi 

Kmioht Of THB FOST, » hired witness, one ready 
to swear to any thing for money ; so called from 
the whipping post, to the punishment of which 
his crimes frequently brought him*. 

But faltii tad lore asd honow lost* 

Shall b« reduc*d to » kmght o*th* poti* ; 


And. Why, how now $ two knifhtt of the pat, . 
Shad. Ay, master, and we are both forswbrn. 

0»P. Old Foktukatw. 

Knocking on presser. See ** Dresser/' 
Knoppe (Tout, knoppe), any protuberance or bunch, 
especially the bud of a flower^ 

But fretted full of taitarwagges. 
And high .shoea kniy>p*d with daggs. 

Chaucbb*8 Rom, ov ths Rosa. 

Knot grass, the herb polygonum avieulare, an 
infusion of which was supposed to have the effect 
of stopping the growth, of any animal. 

You minimus, of hindiiring knot gran.mtAe, 

Mu>s. NxoKT*s DniAJi*. 

wmnmoGvcAt DfenonART; 305 


tiABBE (Bel. labbenyi a babbler or slanderer. 

Qnodllio tills sely matt^. I tan no labbe, 

Chaqcbr's Cant. Talis> 

JMk athtafUmgw K- UAkk^ aluvw Is-sliek- 


lAceD MtJTTON, an old term for a prostitute. 

Ay, sir, I, a lostmattoii^ gaTe ymurlcttertD her, a faeei aiMUon, 

TwiyQmns, ov Vxrona. 

Lambs wooi;, ale mixed with tbe pulp of roasted 
apples, so called from Ute soft taste and appear^ 
ance of the preparation. 

A cup otlamkftifoel they diwika imtb hiai then. 

O^B. Toa Kura Ann Tm M«.M» 
OF Manbti^ld, 

Here's six pence for>on$ get ale and apples; stretch and ipoJt 
fliyself op wtth iMite «MMi/. 

Govfst's Dbtxxt to Pat. 

liAMBC (Teu. lahmen)y to strike or beat. 

immm'ji yon shall be ora we leave yoii. 

O. P. BiooAa*^ Bus*.- 
KMittenxitYPsrelieie, dash pyvig, 
Qttofii he, I would pummel and iam hev wdl. 

asfxcTB* ABPaceiM, 

Lampass (F.), a Itesihy excressence in the mouth of 

His horse posse88*t with ther clHMlcr8,'tioaUed witil tbe kanpoB, &c. 


Lancepesade (It. lancia spezxata), the lowest 
grade of an officer in the army, the leader of halt 
a file, commonly called a captain over four;^ it is* 
usually spelt Icmcepresctdo^ 


Ann'd like » dapper laneepeMde. 


Lard (F. larder), to fatten^ also to mix with any 
thing to improve it. 

N4IW VtMMKtwtaJtt tt> death. 

And forri» the leah eaitfa as be walks. 

1 Favt K. HsMw-nr.- 

Ilie mirth whereof *8 ao larded with the matter. 


Largesse (F.), a gift« present^ or bounty bestowedr. 

A large$$ nniyersal like ^e ran. 

K. Hnr. r. 

Over and beside Signior Bapttsta** liberaUty, I will mend it 
with a iMvev. 

T^ufuro or tmb* Sbuw. 

Laroun (F. /oronne), a thief. 

Of theffl'Wol me defeat 

Ageyn knight, swayn, and baronn, ^ 

Thatlamno iorowii* 

Rom. or K. ALiSAviamK; 

Lathe, a barn of stable; a term still in use in^ 
Lincolnshire. ^ 

Why ne haddest thou put the capel ({;■&,■ tiie hone) im tkfUthef 

Cbaucbr's Rbtb*s Talb. 

Latin. This t^rm in ancient times signified lao'^ 
guage in general^ and not the peculiar tongue of 
the Romans^ and a kUimer was an interpreter of 
languages. See *^ Leden.'^ 

. Quoth ehild Merlin, , 

AH to londe thou spok thy latin. 


Aaim stood up her teMB«r) 

And aunswered Aleyn Ttenchemore. 

Rom. of Rzcr. CauB bb Lion. 

Latten (O. F. Imton), a metal composed of copper 
. ^nd lapis calamhuiris, now called brass. 

Fhcebus waan old and hewed like laton, 



CongeaUng Bngrlisli tin, Grecian gold, an4 Roman UUtmUX 
of a lump. 

O.K. LmiBMNL. 

Lattice (red). This was formerly the insignia of 
an ale-house^ from whence the present sign called 
the che<laers is deriyed. It was supposed that it 
imported that the game of draughts might he 
played within ; hut it has been proved from the 
ruins of Pompeii that the cltequers was a common 
sign among the Romans. 

You rogue will ensconce yoai rags, your red l&itiee phrases 
and bold breaking oaiU&s under the shelter of yow honours 

M. Wives OP Winvsob; 

I am not as well known by my wit as an ale house by a retf Mtieei 

O. P. Ant. akd Msllioa. 

The sign of the green leUuee^ still in existence^ is 
only an ignorant alteration of the original. 
Launce (L. lanx), a balance. 

That Fottone all in equal kutnee doth sway, 
And moital miseries dolfa make her play. 

Spbnsbr*s F. Qostir. 

Laund {F.lainde)t an extended plain^ bounded by 
a wood on either side ; the modem word lawn is 
derived from it. 

Fortiirough this Imnd anon the deer will come. 

a Part K. Hsn. ti. 

Layer (F.), to wash. It was anciently the custom 
for guests to wash before sitting down to meals, 
and it seems that the signal for this ablation was 
given by sounding a trumpet. 

The styward, so says the gest^. 

Anon did the kinges heste ; 

At noon *' a laver** the waytes blewe. 

Rom. 09 Rica. Gmvm »m laow. 


Ann'd like » dapper Umetpeuif. 


Lard (F. larder), to fatten^ also to mix with any 
thing' to improve it. 

Mow FiWiirnnit§ tt> dMtSif 

And terdt tbe lean eutii u he walks. 

1 Past K. H«jr.>nr.- 

Tbe miitfa whereof 'a so lordrd wittithe matter. 

M. WiTxa or Wiwdsob. 

Largesse (F.), agiftypresenty or bounty bestowedr- 

A Imrgeu nniyersal like the ran. 

K. Hbn. ▼. 

Over and beside Signior Baptist*** liberaUty, I will mend it 

with a iMTgtM* 

Tamuio or TH» Shuw. 

Laroun (F. /oronne), a thief. 

Of Iheftl wol me defend 

Afeyn knight, swayn, and baronn, • 

That I am no k urm t m ^ 

Rom. of K. Alisaitnvm. 

Lathe^ a barn or stable; a term still in use in* 

Why ne haddest thou pat the ci^ (i.e. the hone) ia theielAe^ 

Cbaucsr*s Rbtb's Talk. 

Latin. This term in ancient times signified laf)« 
guage in general, and not the peculiar tongue of 
the Romans, and a latimer was an interpreter of 
languages. See '^ Leden." 

Quoth ehild Merlin, , 

AH to loudt thou spflk thy hUin, 

Rom. of ma S«TBM-:SbL«M. 

Anon stood np her lBMi»«r) 

And annswered Aleyn Ttenchemore. 

Rom. of Rick. C<Bvn bb Lio«. • 

Latten (O. F. Iteton), a metal composed of copper 
kud lapis cakuninaris, now called brass. 

RudHis wm eld Md hewed like Isliw. 


CongeaUng Bngplisli tin, Grecian gold, and Roman iattmUX 

of a lump. 

Q. P. LmovA* 

Lattice (red). This was formerly the insignia of 
an ale-house^ from whence the present sign called 
the che<laers is deriyed. It was supposed that it 
imported that the game of draughts might he 
played within ; hut it has been proved from the 
ruins of Pompeii that the cltequers was a common 
sign among the Romans. 

You rogue will ensconce year rags, your red MHee phrases 
and bold breaking oaths under the shelter of your hononvi 

M. WxTcs OP Winvsob; 
I am not as well known by my wit as an ale house by a red MHec, 

O. P. Ant. akd Msllioa. 

The sign of the green leUueey still in existence^ is 
only an ignorant alteration of the original. 
Launce (L. Umx), a balance. 

That Fortone all in equal launee doth sway, 
And moitalmiseriei dolb make her play. 

Spbnsbr*s F. QUBfeB. 

Laund (F.lainde)t an extended plain^ bounded by 
a wood on either side; the modem word lawn is 
derived from U. 

For'tiirough this /mmtf anon the deer will come. 

a Part K. Hsn. ti. 

Layer (F.), to wash. It was anciently the custom 
for guests to wash before sitting down to meals, 
and it seems that the signal for this ablution was 
given i>y sounding a trumpet. 

llieatyward, so says the gestto. 
Anon did the kinges hesto;- 
At noon *' a taver** the waytes blewe. 
■ . Rom. ow Rkb. Cava bb Kiob. 

i99 ' A «LOSSAV>AL AlfD 

JouiSANCK (P* r^'outMonce); rejoiciiijgr, merriment, 

CoUb, my dew, wbcn thiaitt pUue thee tiae, - 
Ai thoa wcrt wont, eoiifi ofwomitJeuiManeef 

Brmtun'M Sonnsti. 

JouRNKB (F.-of L. divrnum), the work or enter- 
' ' pnze of a day. By the modem word journey is 
understood the space travelled, without reference 
to. the time occupied in the performance of it. 

Thw WM tlw lady's endkig day, 
And thus waa ihe quit \Mtjomde, 

Rom. or raa Samt Sagm. 

JoMT (F.), a mock fight between two persooiton 
.' boraebaek witb lanees ; ii> was distinguished from 
. 'the tenmment, the latter being a c^mtet* in 

• ^ieh seTeral persons were engaged at the aame 

Coma see the yie and bem dii^ort 
Where should be/oMMf and toumais. 

Cbavcbr's Drxmi. 
Am I ttiat Badymion who wa« wont in court to lead my life, 
and iajuit$t tonmcys, and arms taexercise my youth? 


IpocEAs; a sort of drink, made of red wine, cinna* 

• moii».ginger, pepper, and sugar. The full receipt 
for making it will be foui^d 'mArmU'a Chronicle 

Come, let us drown all our an^er in a bewl fjthipocrus, 

6. P. LnrauA. 
Sirrsh, set down the candlaitt^d fetch us a qnut. of ipqcra». 

O. P. Gaafva's Tv Qvoqvs. 

Irrefragable (L. irreJragaHtw), not to be con- 
fnted. This term was applied to Alexander Hales, 
. a great teacher of school divinity, in 1236. 

KrYMQf/>aiCi^. J^ICXWIi A RT. 299 

In school divinity as able 
As be that bight irrefntgMe, 


Iterate (L. iUro), to repeat, utter again^ «to re- 
mind by freqaent mention. 

What needs this itertUion f 

-onsH.#. /■ i 

Adam took no thoaght. 

Eating: his fill; •nor^Ew WUeraie 

Her fonner trespass. 

- - Pak. Lost. 

Judas oolovr, of a red colour. It has been judi- 
ciously observed, that before persons weretaug^ 
to read, ideas were frequently borroM^ed from-s\ein- 
sible objects, and the uniform delineation of Judas 
IB the ancient tapestry Was with red hair; hence 
• ^kat-eolour «ras desig-nated Ju.4a$^4€elour» The 
•faine observaUon will apply, to. AbrajMun^ aiid Ckin 
colour. See '^ Abraham Colour." ■>/ 

And let 1iielr4»e«rd»h« etJudiuH own colour, 

O. P. Thc Spanish TaAOBST. 

Sure Uutt Was JitiM'yfiXh. the red heard. 

'• O. P. Tns Chasts Matv op Chcapsidb. 

JvMf {hijuncttm), to tally or join; also, Ht or sail- 
able> and formerly used assynonimaus with jiMt 

Thus twice before uoAJump at this dead hour. 

NeTer did trusty squire with knif ht, 
Or kslgfct ^tb squire, e'ier /irnijp more H^. 


Jti«CATB or Junket (F,joncade), a cheesecake or 
custard, and a general term for any delicacy. 

A goodly table of pore ivory; 

All qpitail miOiJuiieateM fit to entertain 

The greatest pKbiee. . ...^. , 

Spbnssk's 80>f5rST8'.'' 
With stociea told olmany » feaal»> 
How fairy Mab Hxe/uukett eat. 

Milton's L^Aluboao. 

SM ""A. Q^AMBJkmiJkL iMW 


Kam (F.Mm), erookedy awry. 


Allfoestoptxtorvyj all Aem )taiii. 

I$JBKOH (from It. catcchio, a baiTel)» a Mlid lamp or 
mass, probably of fat, as a fat man is in : the north 
called keech belly, 

lliou whoreson obscene; greasy tallow keeeh* 

I Pabv U.-'Bmti, fr. 

Kiel (S, edMu), to cool. A smail woodbn' vasei 
. is tftitt mIMi kk lUnt a keder, and iU mid ia In put 
cold water into m boiling' pot» 

ftiys iMtetDSf* for te iwif* 

Gowcr's Con. Am. 

Wktte greasy Joan dotli Irae/ IheFet* 

Leva's Labouk Lost. 

Keepb (S. ceptm), to study, to e«fe, to take kaed; 
in tbesesenses this word has been long ^soleie. 

I k0epe Boi to dkobeao hye. 

Old Morality of Htcxx ScoRNsa. 

Of lore, fond boy, take thou no keepe* 


KeMb (8. e€fmban), to comb or separate the hair b^ 
the instrument fio called. 

Kembe tiqme bed richt jolily. 

Ghavobb's awii or thb Ro8B« 

Kemelin (S.), a brewer's vessel or ttib. 

Aneii tfofiet BSiteteiBtotias isne 
A kacdtag trevi^ er ^8 « 4r0m0«^. 

Chaucbr's Mxllbr's Talb. 

TCen (S. cennan), to know, to descry, see, or view. 

Colin, fhoa kemt the soatheme ehephetopd't bey. 

8»BMtKR't Sbcf. Cal, 

As fiw M I could kern thy chalky dUBi. 

Kendal green. The market town of Kendal, ip 
Westmorland, was famous for the makingf and 
dyeings of a woollen cloth, called Kendal green, 
.so early as the reig^n of Richard II. at which linm 
certain laws were made reg'ulating the Hianufac- 
ture of it. 

Now d6th<^he inly scorne his Kendal green. 

Hall'! Sat. 

Kerchief and Keverchef (F. couvre U chef), 
now called handkerchief, but formerly constituting' 
the head dress of a woman, and generally signify- 
ing any loose cloth used in dress by either sex. 

The keverthefk he toke in hand. 
And about his arme he wounde. 

.Rom. or Rich. Coua db Lioir., 

A plain kerchief. Sir John; my brows become nothiiig else. 

M. WiTKs OF WisrosoR. 

Kern (Ir. oeom), an Irish foot soldier, also a gene« 
ral name for a boorish person. The word is syno- 
nimous with the Scottish cateran, a robber or 

You rode like a kerne of Ireland. 

K. HaN. ▼. 

And with a mantell commonlie 
Ttke Iridi kamet do goe. 

Dbrrick*8 Imags ohIbblano. 

Kernel (F. creneUS), the comers or holes in a 
battlement, made for the convenience of shooting 


302 ▲ GJLOSfiAEULL A1C» 

Cknaak stood ia a iMriief 
And atgh thaX flght. 

Rom. o* Oct. Imp. 

Aad In tlie kemeb, here and there. 
Of artlMlttee fiKte >l<atyiNr». 

Chaugbk's Rom. of nw Ron. 

Kervk {S. «ef/an)y to eot^ now spelt catv^. 

That the irw like to stert^ 

Throvfh cruel knife that ^er deare haift did ir«rne. 

SpsNssft'a y. Quniv. 

Kkstrei (V. cercereUe), a sfpecles of balirk of the 
bastard kind. 

What a east of katreU are these, to hawk after ladies thus. 

B. JoMsosv'k Spxcjins. 

Ketch^ Jack, the name of the common hangman 
about 1680, who succeeded Dun in that office; 
since which time it has become a general name 
for a public executioner. 

till Ketch, ebservingr he was choiu^d. 

And in his profits much ahtt8*d. 

BvTLBR's Ghost. 

Kex, a name given to the hemlock in the midland 

Nothinur teems 

But hatefdl docks, raogh thistles, itodwAat, bars. 

K. Hen. ▼, 

Ket, dried ke», that in snmmet has been 40 liberal to fodder 
other men's cattle. 


KicHEL (S.), a little cake, called a God^s kiehel, 
in consequence of its being given by sponsors to 
their god-children, when the latter asked their 

Give OS a boshell whete, Budte, or lice, 
A God's kiehel, or a trippe of chese. 

CHAucaea's SompnOok's Tals. 

Kid (Teu. kit)^ to make known or discover. 


Mearcf, aad that yott discover nat me;- 
For I am dedde if tkaifc tiUs Uiiiis be kid, 

Chavckb's Msrcbant's Tale. 

KiDNEYy a word of uoknovra etymology, used ludi- 
crously to sig^Dify disposition, quality^ bumour. 

Think of that, a man of my kidney. 


Kirk (S. eyrcey, the audent Dame for a chnrcb,. 
still retained in Scotland. 

WheFe aikver had ahhay, ae wUt ^ 

Yhen, ne kirke house, ne yileagpe. 

Cii:^vc*a'ii DaiAMK* 

KiRTLE (8, eyrtel), a gown or short jacket worn by 
women ; the same term was also applied to a part 
of male attire* 

Oird he was A4 nna^epd piepirly« 

In Mrtle of light waget. . 

OaAsiaii*8 HtLua's Taxs. 

A cap of flowers and a kirtUk, 
Imbrodered aU with leaves of pnyrtte. 

Marlow's Poims. 

KvTHX (S. eythi), acquaintance^ familiar know-- 
ledge sbort of friendship. 

H9 ttMt had neither been Jlctfi^neHcili 
Might have seen a full faire fight. 

a. Hoe* Ain» GtfT •» 9i«80Kirx. 

Knap (Bel. knappmyy to break shovt or bite^ the- 
same as snap. 

I wonld she were as lying'ja gossip as euKhuqpped ginger. 

Mkrch. op Vjcnick. 

Knats (S. cnapa). This word originally denoted 
a boy, page, or other serTant, and bad no referencer 
to. the character or disposition of the person. 

A&fMtw ddUr light fiske withal. 

Gowsa'^ CoNT. A». 



And eke his ttede driTen fordi with stayee^ 
With fooCmeii beth yeomen acnd knave*, 

Chaccsb*8 Knight's Talb* 

Knife playing, a pastime or sleigiit practised By^ 
the anjeieDt gleemen, minstrels, or juggpler^, of 
casting up knives or other sHarp instraments and 
catching' them; it was sometimes united with 
balls^ which the performer threw up with the 
knives and caught in regular auceeision. 

Xnn/pUtfing tad eke liflflflf* 
Otfolr&f iad tnrBeyiaf . 

Knight of thi post, a hired ¥ritDesi, one ready 
to swear to any thing for money ; so called ih>nt 
the whipping post, to the punishment of which 
his crimes frequently brought him*. 

But falib wd love ead honowr iMt* 

Sh&U be reduc'd to » knight o*th* pott* ; 


And. Why, how now $ two knighU of the poei, . 

Shad. Ay» master, and we are both forBwbm. 

0»P. Old Fortuitatiw. 

Knocking on presser. See *' Dresser/* 
Knoppe (Teut. knoppe), any protuberance or bunch, 
. especially the bud of a flower.. 

But fretted full of tartarwagges. 
And high Jihoea&nqpp'if with daggs. 

Chaucbb's Rom, or tb* Ross. 

Knot grass, the herb polygonum avieularey an 
infusion of which was supposed to have the effect 
of stopping the growth, of any animal. 

Yott minimus, of hmAwing ktwt ^of&made. 

Mios. Nx0ST*8 OasAJi.. 

t ert unrn GVCAL DrcnoMART; 305 


|ia;bbe (Bel. labben)i a babbler or slanderer, 

Qood llio tills self maof^ I am no UMe. 

Chaucbk*s Cant. Tali9> 

Bat of iier'toiigiie a-MKny sluew lB-she»- 


liAC£D MUTTON, an old term for a prostitute. 

Ay, sir, I, ft losfmattaii, gvrt yoorititterto her, a faeti muUon, 

TwO'GaNTS. or Vsrona. 

Lambs wooc, ale mixed with the fmlp of roasted^ 
apples, so called from Ae soft taste and appear- 
ance of the preparation^ 

A cop ot'lambttfooi thef dnoike untb him tfan. 

O^B» Thb Kik« and tus M«.M» 

OF Mansfxslo. 

Here's six pence for>ou; get ale afid apples, stretcfli and |raif 
fiiyaclf op wttfa IsMte «mm/. 

Goffbt's Dbtixt to Pat. 

liAMM (Teu. laimen)^ to strike or beat. 

^u$nm*d you shall be eit* we leave ycqi. 

O. P. BxGOAa's Bus*»- 
KMUlWDOtwweliiegpt, daih inyirilg, 
Qaotti he, I would pummel and lam hep wdl. 

Bbjbcts* ABvacetie. 

LAMPA8S (F.), a fleshy excressence in the mouth of 

His horse possesst with tlMr gkaden^-tionUed wMii Hie ktmpaa, &c. 


Langepesade (It. tancia 9f ezzata), the lowest 
^rade of an officer in the army, the leader of hal^ 
a file, commonly called a captain over four;^ it w 
usually spelt hmeeftresado^ 

d06 . ▲ (^|.OS9Am|AL Ann: 

Ann'd like » dapper Umetpeuif. 


Lard (F. larder), to fatteD^ also to mix with any 
thing to improve it. 

Mow Fdibdr sweats tt> daaitti, 
And terd» Uie Icah eartii as he walka. 

Tbe miitfa whereof 's so lordrtf wittithe matter. 

M. WiTBs or WiNDSoa. 

Largesse (F.), agift^pretent, or boimty bestowedr. 

A Utrgeu nniyersal like tiie sun. 

K. HxN. ▼• 

Over and beside Signior Baptist*** liberalltr, I wiU mend it 

with a iMTgtM* 

Tamino »f th» Shkbif. 

Laroun (F. /oronne), a thief. 

Of Iheftlwol me defend 

Afeyn knight, swayn, and baronn, ^ 

That I am no i or su m 

Rom. of K. AiisAUNmiK; 

Lathe^ ft barn or stable; a term still in use in^ 
Lincolnshire. , 

Why ne haddest thou pat the ci^ (i.e. the hone) in the-ieMe^ 

Cbaucsr*s Rkvb*s Talk. 

Latin. This term in ancient times signified Iod* 
guage in general, and not the peculiar tongue of 
the Romans, and a latimer was an interpreter of 
languages. See *' Leden.'^ 

Quoth child Merlin,. 

AH to loads thou spok thy laiin. 

Rom. of ths SsTSK-SbLeMi. 

Anon stood np her lBMi»«r) 

And aonswered Aleyn Ttenchemore. 

Rom. of Rick. C<Bua bb Lion. ■ 

Latten (O. F. Itetan), a metal composed of copper 
. itnd lapis calaminariB, now called brass. 

Fheebus waxe old and hewed like UUon. 


CongeaUng Bnglisli tin, Grecian gold, an4 Roman lattm-9iU, 
of a lump. 

Lattice (red). This was formerly the insignia of 
an ale-house^ from whence the present sign called 
the che<laers is deriyed. It was supposed that it 
imported that the game of draughts might he 
played within; hut it has been proved from the 
ruins of Pompeii that the cltequers was a common 
sign among the Romans. 

Yoa rogue will ensconce ywa rags, your red MHee phrases 
and bold breaking oaths under the shelter of yxmr honours 

M. WiTBS OP Winvsob; 
I am not as well known by nqr wit as an ale house by a retf MHee', 

O. P. Ant. and Msllioa. 

The sign of the green leUuee^ still in existence^ is 
only an ignorant alteration of the original. 
Launce (L. lanx), a balance. 

That Fottone all in equal launee doth sway, 
And moitalmiseriei dolfa make her play. 

Spbnsbr's F. QoBtir. 

Laund (F^lainde)^ an extended plain^ bounded by 
a wood on either side ; the modem word lawn is 
derived from it. 

Fortiirough this Immd anon the deer will come. 

a Pabt K. Hbn. Tt. 

Layer (F.), to wash. It was anciently the custom 
for guests to wash before sitting down to meals, 
and it seems that the signal for this ablation was 
given by sounding a trumpet. 

The styward, bo says the gestto. 

Anon did the kinges heste $ 

At noon ** a ktvcr** the waytos blewe. 

Rom. 09 Rica. Cava »m laow. 

d06 . ▲ (^M>S9Am|AL AND. 

Ann*d like » dapper Umetpeuie. 


Lard (F. larder), to fatten^ also to mix with any 
thing' to improve it. 

Mow Fdibdr sweats tt> daaitti, 

And terd» Uie Icah eartii as he walka. 

1 Fast K. Hsjr.*nr.- 

Hie miitfa whereof *s so latdtd with the matter. 


Largesse (F.)^ agift^present^ or bounty bestowedr. 

A Utrgtu nniyersal like the sun. 

Over and beside Signior Baptist*!* liberalltr, I wiU mend it 


Tamino »f th» Shuxif. 

Laroun (F. /oronne), a thief. 

Of Iheftlwol me defend 

Afeyn knight, swayn, and baronn, ^ 

That I am no lorowm 

Rom. ov K. ALisAimmiii 

Lathe^ ft barn oc stable; a term still in use in^ 
Lincolnshire. , 

Why ne haddest thou pat the ci^ (i; e. the horse) in the-AiMe^ 

Cbaucsr*s Rbvb's Talb. 

Latin. This term in ancient times signified \wa* 
guage in general, and not the peculiar tongue of 
the Romans, and a latimer was an interpreter of 
languages. See '^ Leden." 

. Quoth child Merlin,, 

AH to loads thou spok thy laiin. 

Rom. of thb SBTSK-SbiOMi. 

Anon stood np her IbMbct) 

And aunswered Aleyn Ttenchemore. 

Rom. or Rick. C<bub bb I<ion. 

Latten (O. F. Iteton), a metal composed of copper 
. kud lapis calamitiartBj now called brass. 

Fhoebus wazc old and hewed like laton, 



CongeaUng Bng^lisli tin, Grecian gold, an4 Roman UUtm^itX 

of a lump. 

O.K. LmavA. 

Lattice (red). This was formerly the insignia of 
an ale-house^ from whence the present sig'n called 
the che<laers is deriyed. It was supposed that it 
imported that the game of draughts might he 
played within ; hut it has been proved from the 
ruins of Pompeii that the cltequers was a common 
sign among the Romans. 

Yoa rogue will ensconce year rags, your red Mtiee plirases 
and bold breaking oaiU&s under the shelter of yow honours 

M. WiTss OP Wninsoit; 
I am not as well known by my wit as an ale house by a retf MUeex 

O. P. Ant. ako Mkllioa. 

The sign of the green leUuee^ still in existence, is 
only an ignorant alteration of the original. 
Launce (L. Umx), a balance. 

That Fortune all in equal launee doth sway. 
And mortal miseries dolfa make her play. 

Spbnsbr's F. Qostir. 

Laund {¥^lQinde\ an extended plain, bounded by 
a wood on either side ; the modem word lawn is 
derived from H. 

FoT'tiirough this hand anon the deer will come. 

a Pakt K. Hsn. Tt. 

Layer (F.), to wash^ It was anciently the custom 
for guests to wash before sitting down to meals, 
and it seems that the signal for this ablation was 
given by sounding a trumpet. 

The styward, so says the gestto. 

Anon did the kinges heste $ 

At noon *' a laver** the waytos blewe. 

Rom. 09 Rica. Cava vs Kioir. 

308 A etonAtitAL Mwn 

Lavolta (F. Icmlte), a sprightly danee^ in which 
■luch oaperingp is used. 

Mor heel the high kawlL 

TROt. Am Crms. 

What, the kaiolta.' haff Kay, tf liie hcaTwe fiddk^ StRncar 

■nst needs dance. 


Law bat. A court leet or view of fiisaiik pledge 
was so called, beiag the sbariffs tomii^ or oouity 

Keep leeto and law dagi, and in sessions tii& 

Lay (G. leich), a species of narrative poetry or 
metrical comiKNUtioa of the aaeiettt Miaettsls^ and 
sung by them, distinguished from the* /oUfoudr, 
which were recited. The Bretons were celebrated 
for these compositions, and most of tkem in thr 
English language are translations from the Armo- 

Iliese old gentil Bretons inhir dayes. 
Of diTers aventores maden lay a. 

CRAucxjt's Ruuf ltuii*t Talb^ 
Listen, listen to my lojf: 
Thus the merry notes did ciiime. 

Lay or n» I.ittls Bimn.' 

Leasing (S. leasung^}, lying, falsehood^ deceit. 

Certain, without^ Itfott, 

eioudeslye sayd, ire wfll to o«r kin^ 

To get in a charter of peace. ^ 

O. B. AoAM Bbll, &c; 

May Mercnry endue thee with hating, tm tbou ^peak'st well 
of fools. 


Lbchour (O. F. ledieur), a person addicted to* 
lechery or lewdness ; sometimes applied to a para^^ 
site or blockhead. 


Fjr upon ttiee, lechouttt 
Though shall die as a traitoor. 

Rom. or K. ALisAtflflHtS* 

Yoa, like a ledher, out of whorish loins 
Are pleas'd to breed oat yotorinheriton}. 

Taoit Aifn Gas89r 

Lectorn (O, F. lectrinyy a readiDg desk. 

Hail to the god and goddess of our lay, 
And to tlM fectorw amorliy he sprang'. 

Chavckb's Cot^at or toioc. 

L£D£N (S. lyden). This wprd not only meant the 
Latin lang*uage» but languagfe in generaf^ even 
that Attributed to bird« and beasta. 

tliumtet riagi 
11im|h whiflli ihf nndfritood wtU ftil lliiBff 
Tlial any iBideatf ia hli IMiii NfMi 

OiAvoia*! Sgoiai'l Tauii 

Ktr ImWm vti likf humaa luffiwgt trot. 


L»Em» (8. lisee), an old word used to signify a 
pbjrsidan or person ondentanding the use and ap- 
plication of medicine and surgery ; the art was 
chiefly confined to ecclesiastics and the higher 
order of females. The word is still retained as a 
medical term in cow leech, 

Fetche me down my daughter deere* 
She is a leteh foU ffne, 

O JB. Sib- Caumnb^ 

Her WQrds praraU'd, and then the learned leeoh 
His canning hand 'gan to his woitndsto lay. 
^ SriNsaa's F. Qvbbn, 

Leer (S. hleare), complexion or hue of the face. 

The lady is rody in Uie chere, 
And made bright in the lere. 

RoM. OF K* Alisavnomu 

He bath a Rosalind of a better /f0r than yon. 

As Yotf LiiB It*. 

L^SE (S. leo9an\, the old word to lose. 

310 'A «2i09SAm»tt Ann 

Father, we come Bot for •tfrioe te * 

But to know wiMtker we shall wl» «r leete. 

O. P. G<o««« ▲ 6EXiir» 

Lbet (S. l(pt), a law term to sigpoify a hiw day; a 
court held ODce a year^ where persona who owe 
personal suit go to be sworn to their fealty and 
allegiance ; it ib now dbielly used as a epnrt^ by 
ancient custom, to elect and swear bi constables 
and other parish officers. 

Who hM abfettt to port 
But wotm ttnolMiily 9tppn\umMiom 
XftplM^iadlftwisyif . 

Legbritt (F. hgeriU), liybtMSS, irimbleness o£ 
motion. > 

Bn«k ipttielr drowiy gnkvi^ tad MfFly mof 

With caited slouf h and fresh IsgtrUif, 

LiMiUf (F. I'aimante), a sweetheart, kver, or gaU 
la&t> whether male or female ; alse, a cctiKxilriiMb 

I h«ve ^loTilgr (fNie% 
As bright of btee as it the nlyev, xao<m. 

Ou-P. Cteo»os A Oamwtf*. 

As JealouB as Ford, ttiat searched a hoUow valwatflor iria 
wife's leman* 

M . Wrrss ov WiKDioa* 

Lbmb (B, leaman),, a ray of light, a flame or blaze;: 
lemed, shone brigbt. 

Fire with red leme», * 

C9AVCBii*s NqNNX9 f axsTva T4.ui^ 
His lordne lemed all with pride; 
Steed and amrare all was blake. 


Ijsndbs (S. lendenu), the Ipins. 

A barme cloth, as white as mc»ow milke. 
Upon her lendes, fuU of many a gore. 

CBAvjoa's Millsb's Tali. 


Lent£N (S. lent), of or belongbg^ to the feast of 
Lent; meagre^ sparing. 

No hare, sir; unless a baie, sk, in a lenien pye. 

ROM> AND Jm.. 

And wttli a lfMto» saUad wiQi'd her Uood. 

DaTvav's iiKMD ajtd Panther. 

L'envot (P.)^ a term borrowed from old French 
poetry^ and signifying a few detached verses at the 
end of each piece, serving to convey the moral, or 
to address the poem to a particular person. 

No liddle, no Penvajf, 

Loi^a*8 LAB«Dli last^ 

1lMtrs1betti«rality or Penvog of it. 

O. P. PARASn'A8Ta». 

Lere 1[S. here), a lesson, doctrine, or information. 

ThO he fhflt had well ycon'd his lere. 

SMNsaa's Smmr, CaIt. 

Bat he learned his feer of my son, his young master. 

Q. P. MoTHsa BoMBia. 

Lessell or LEVERSEiiL, a word of doubtful ety- 
mology and of uncertem neaAiiif^ It is said by 
Bailey and others to be a bdsh or hovel; but a 
much older authority, the Promptorium Parvu* 
lorumy a dictionary compiled in 1440, defines it, 
though obscurely y '' levecel, befora « Wkxiowe or 
other plaoe;'' from whence it should seem to im- 
piy a'projeoting mil of a window, sufficiently largp 
to protect from the weather, many of^ which are 
still to be seen in very old houses. The quotation 
seems to justify the supposition. 

The dieriMB hone» Uier as he stode ybouade 

Behind the mill, under a letaell. 

CHAucaa's Rvra's Talk. 


liET (S. lettan), to preyent, oppose, or hinder; -as a 
law term, it is still in use. 

And in die coth wHbonten longer M<r. 

Cmaucir's Cant. Taum. 

Be ne feth, njdlSie Aoaglite'DoglM acayiiv 

I w]41iM tbtf'lMBtync yf that I may. 

0. B. Crsyt C^acb. 

Lethal (L. lethaK$), mortal^ deadly. 

Arm'd wiCh no ktkai sirotd or deadly lannce. 


Water witches, crown*d with reeds, 

Bear me to your leth^le tide. 


Lkver (BAerfre), rather. 

For Uwer had I- die than see his deadiy.ftice. 

SPSNsn&'s F. QuKBK. 

JPair Christabelie, ftom thee to paste. 
Far lewr had I dye. 

Ou B. Sir Cauliks, 

LisvET (F. lever), the blast of a trumpet or horn. 

A flageolet. 

On which he blew as strong a levet. 
As well fee*d lawyer with his hrsvlata. 


Letin (S.Uifian), lightning. 

As piweine levin, which the inner part 

Of every thing consumes. 

SsKNein's F. Qusaif. 

"With wild thonder, dint and Hery leven. 

Chaucbr's Pro. to W. or Bath. 

'Lewd (S. Imwede}. This word has totally changed 
its meaning; it was of old used to designate the 
common people, as distinguished from the cleigy; 
a lewd man, was a layman; and, as learning was 
solely confined to ecclesiastics, it became a term 
to denote an ignorant or unlearned person: its 
modern sense of a vicious and debauched character^ 
is not to be found in the early writers. 



Te Uested be alwaitt llie letml man. 
That nought but only his belief can. » 

(i. e. can only say the aitiei^ Of liiB ereed.) 

ChAUOR'S MlLL>il*S Ta&i. 

For /eH^iTinen this boke I wiot. 

Br, GK08TBBA9. 

1.EWT& (F. leaute), loyalty, faitb^ fidelity. 

Now, so God me he^, aayd Lytd Joluui« 
And be my trewe UwU, 

A Ltrl Qcsn ov R. HonB« 

Lore and lownes, and lemUg tofvther, 
Shall be maisters on nolde. 

7. Plowmak's Ym. 

LiARD (F. hard), of a grey colour, approaching to 
white; it is called liart in Scotland. 

Attoor his bdit his /isrrfloekes lay. 

Chaucbr's Trst. op Crbss. 

His lyart haflbts, wearinir thin and bare. 

Burns' Cotter's Satvrdat Kioar, 

LfRBARD (O. tibaeri), a leopard. 

Or when the flyinff Ukbard she did chace. 


She can only bring 

Some libbardt* heads, or strange beasts. 

O. P. Th> City Match. 

LiCH (S. lic)j like or alike. 

For botb tobe and seem to him was labour Hch, 

Sprnssr's F. Qussv. 

LiCH WAKE (from lick, a corpse, and wake, a watch- 
ing), the ceremony of watching a dead body; a 
custom which bad its origin in superstition, arising 
firom an imaginary fear tfiat the body would be 
carried away by an invisible being without this 
precaution : it is now degeiK^rated into a meeting 
at which feasting and revelry predominate. It is 
sometimes called a late wake. 



How Aidte is trad to ailMi Mli. 
Kc taoir tte Kdkf viOw im yiMlA 

^^ CsAircBB't KaxsMi't Taib. 

LiBGBR (S. legion), any penon or thiiigp fixed pe^ 
manently, as a resident ambassador at a foreigpa 
court is called a ** lieger ambassador." 

iMni ABffdOk tevlsf «ikfn to kM;««i« 
Intendi you for his twift niilitm*nr, 
Wliere yoa dwU be an evolMtinf Jj^rer. 

Hba«. Fom MsAS. 

Hm not thto pggtent portiament 
A litger to the deril sent. 

LiG (S. ligan), to lie down, to recline, to ce«U 

Ne what hawket sitteii on perdiet above* 
Ne what houida Mggen an ttie Soon adoim. 

Chavccr'b Kkioht's Tali. 

Limbo (L. limbus), an imaginary region on the 
borders of hell^ in which departed spirits neithef 
feel pleasure or pain. 

Talk'dof Satan, and of Itmio. and of fories. 

Au.'s Wn&L THAT Enbs Wclk.. 

LiMiTOUR (from limit), an itinerant friar, licensed to 
beg within certain limits. 

A frare there was, a wanton and a merfs 
A limiUtur, a full solenipne man. 

Chauc>b*8 Pbo. to Cant. Talss. 

LiMMER (F. limier), a blood hound used to track 

Wifh alanntei, ^fmerU, and raochls free. 


Of hnntora aaai of ftmeters. 
And many reUdes and Kmers, 

Lin j(S, aiUifman), to cease, yield, or relinqoidi. 

Resolv'd in mind aU aoddcnly to win* 
Or ioon to lose before he once would Kn, 

SrBK8Mt*8 F. QmsH. 


Nay, tlien, mr tettiliall nrrer Km. 


Lincoln green, a fine cloth, made at Lincoln, ex* 
cellent both in colour and texture. 

Whan ttiey.wen dotbad in Lincolne green. 

And cast away fheir giay. 

A Lttbl Obits or R. Hodi. 

Ling EL (L. linguld), the thread used by shoe-* 

His aal and Hngel in a thongs 

Hii tar-boxe on his broad belt hong. 

BaATTON's Bbsv. OAa» 

Lithe and Lither (S. lithe), limber, flexible^ 
yielding ; aUo (S. lythr), idle, bad, wicked. 

To the corpse of St. Leonardo, 

To maken Uthe what erst was harde. 

Chaucbb's Housb ov Famb* 

My ladd he is so Uther, he sayd* 

He will do noaght thalf a ineeke. 

O. B. KxKo XsTxias. 

LoB*s pouNix, a cant term for a pri$on ; in Bfidibra», 
the stocks are so called* 

Crowdero, whom in ironaboondt 
Thou basely threw*st into Lob*» pound, 


LocKRAM (Ten. loekraum), a sort of coarse linen or 

'■ Tt^ kitchen MaBdn yiat 

Her richest hckram round her reechy neck. 

CoaiODANVS. ■ 

LoDAM, the name of a game at cards. 

She and I will take yon at MUmu 


LoDBMEAMAOB (8. tedcBti and fMtnage), the hir^of 
a pilot to conduct a ship. Chauoet uses it to sig^ 
Dify skill in seamanship. 

His heitatoagh, Us BMone, and ki« Infemaiwytf, 
Them wwnoBe aacfa from Bfdl t» CBftage. 




Lode stj^r (S. Uedan sterre}, the leading star; the 
jQorth star; the guide to mariners. 

Who SMth 70U now, my right hie tUrref 

CxAircsK'ft Tkoj. AJTB Chasft. 

Like M aah^ whose Inde «ter tnddeidy 
CoTer*d with doiidi, her pOot halli disnMtr*d. 

SrcNtSK's F. Qimif* 

LoGG AT8, a rustic gamei eoainerated by M Heit.VIIi. 
as unlawful^ not unlike the modern game of nine 

Did thetc bones eott no moM the hreedifif 1 tfuui to pity il 
l0iyat« with them f 

Loon (8. lion), a country feltowi a mean ponon. 

Itifm crHm flM*d hv^ 

Wbtrw |«tPft then «h«t fooN Seeht 


LoRDiNO (from lor<{)i a dimUmtive of Iqrd^ a term 
of address equivalent to sirs or my masters ; some* 
times it is used in contempt. 

And laid to ns thus, now Ivt^Mnfh tnikf 
Ye be to me welcome. 

Chaucsii's Pro. to Parponbr's Tais^ 

tfitdingi, farewell) and tay when I am galley 
I prpphecied Itance will be Ipst ere long. 

S Pamt K. 9sy, Tu 

Lore (S, Ic^ran), lesson, doctrine^ instruction* 

The queen's maidens schc had to lore, 

Rom. of Oct. Imp* 

The law of nations, or the lare of war. 


LoREiNS (from F. larmier}, the. metal mountings 
used in the caparison of a horse; hence Icriner, 
the old name for a saddler or bridle maker. 

His hreine lemed all with joides 
JBteede and aimore ail was blafce. 


LOML (S. leorm), a raactl^ a sooMdrel. 

8niru»*s Pastorals. 

LoHN (S. Imran), lost, fortakeil. 

Stqp on tkf fsete, bmb, oome forth an MhMMii 
AIM ! opr wanlMa hts his palflwf fome. 


Who altar Hiat kt luid ftdr Vtaa lome, 
Ihzooi^ lis;ht miailwiiiBff of h«r loyaltjr. 

8»KirsiMiftf r. Qmnnr. 

LosEi (S. lorum), a sofry idle fellow, a worthless 

Well, and ye shift no belter, ye foteJ, ttther, and lasye. 

O. P. Gabi. Qpkton's Kcanui* 

And f$0ei, thon art tnxrihy to be hanged. 

WxNTBa'8 Talk. 

LoHENGBR (S. leatfrnge), a flatterer, liar, or do^ 
ceiver. • 

I}!PQ« a day ft wassalde 

To Candidu by a ineitger. 

Rom. of K. Alisauksks* 

Alaa! ye lords, many a f^lae flatoor 

Is tn yodr eonrt, and laany a ftdse lMifV*M'> 


LoTEBY, of no certain derivation, unless it be by a 
corruption from loidiies, a name given to the con- 
cobinesof priests; it is used in the sense of a com* 
panion or bed-fellow. 

And with me foQowetii my loieby. 
To done me solfuie and company; 

Chauob's Rom. ov tbb Rosb. 

Lout (S. hlutdn), to bow, bend, or do obeisance, 
and hence a clown or rustic was so called. 

Por the wortde and yryde hath ataunoedmes 
To me men foit/e Itdlowe. 

^Ibn hn'. Tn WomxAB Am tbb CBtuoB. 

Sir, qnoth the dwaife, and-loMledlowe. 

O. B. Sib CavuWb. 


918 * A6h0mAMlMLilMm . 4 

LouTBR (F. VimDerte), Ae opeirinip at tbe top of a 
cottage to let oat the stnoke antecedent to the use 
of chimnies ; it wa« generally nade in the centre 
of the roof* 

HooocIi iU tlie iMMr put ^MMNia thef dwelt, 
Ne Uglited wit with window biOV wfiOi huver. 

imrasK*s F. Qvmr. 

LovB BATS, certain days formerly appointed to 
settle^ hy amicable arbitiationj tb^ diflcveDoe^ be* 
tween parties. 

Mo £»oe Mm Mid mo aeoonlf . 

CsAucsE's B. or Faxx. 

I can hold 2»ve da^t aadbeare a roro^idEoiyiiire. 

P. Plowman's Vir. 

LoTEL. This yn» a eommcNii n^ame for a dog, of 
whatever species^ long anterior to 1500. 

To LovePi nMue I added more,— our dof, 
BecaiUM mott do|^ have borne that name of yore. 

Mtrr. por Mao. 

Love looks. The wearing of love lodcs^ a fashion 
derived from the French, was greatly in vogne in 
the time of Charles I.; it consisted of a lock of 
hair, curled and worn on the left side of the cheek, 
much longer than the rest of the hair. This 
fashion appears to be revived by the ladies of the 
present day. 

Will you be nrenchified with a lew lodk down your shonlden? 

Quit for am Upstart Covrtirr. 
Your low lockt wreathed with a silkei^ twist. 

O. P. M»A8. 

LowBELL (from S; low, a flame, and bM^, a device 
to cf^h birds by night, by ringing a bell to awaken 
them, and alhiring them by a light into a net 


As timonras laricft uiMeil are. 
With Uglit and vrHOi a l9wbett» 

ChtvBB's 8t. Gso. vor Knolanv. 

Lowe (S. Ueawy, a small hill or mound of earth. 

They drowe heon quick under a tbwe, 

. Bom. ov K. Ausavkbrs* . 

' OliatbdbeaiidtheShcnAborKcM&igliaia^ 
Af he leaned mder a fowf . 

R. Hoon AKD Gut op OiiBORNi. 

LuNEs (from L. luind), a crazy freak, a jealous WhUn ; 
a Fk^nch expression stgnifying* any folly of'ft^izy, 
** Les femmes ont des lunea dans la t6t6/' 

Why, woman, your hiurtiand is in his old kmet acain* 

M. WiTBS or WiKDSoa. 

These dangerous unsafe iMMet o* tte kiaff. 

WiNTKa*8 Talk. 

LuRDAN (O. F. lounijn), a stupid^ clowni^li, laasy, 
or worthless person. 

Hadst thou been head, qpiod I, then wold haire adced leaTe$ 

Yea, leare lunlm. 

P. Plowman's Vis. 

Lo! here we have fhe kingdfe seale; 

What, lurieth art thou wode? 

O. B. Adam Bskl, fte. 

Lush (F,^ luxe), exuberant of growth, luxuriant. 

How iaM and histy the grass looks > how green t 


LvsHBURGH, a base coin, manufactured in a foreign 
country, to imitate English money. It was made 
treason by stat. Edw. III. to import it 

GodewotI no huhh urgk t t yale ye? 

Chaucsr's p. to Monkss Tau. 

LvsK (F. la^ehe), a lazy, slothful, idle person. 

Vp, yon lutki I have snch news to tell you. 

' O. F. LmovA. 

Lym. See . " hmmet" 

Hoond or sptoid* brache oiJmi. 



M. To have an M. under your girdle is an expres- 
•ion, in old authors* signifying that the party of 
whom it was spoken had not shewn a proper re- 
speetf by addressing a person without his proper 
title, H« being short for master. 

Hut yc liumiit/} mgthhikt ym adgW do wdl to ham an JT. 

O. P. BWOUSBMSW VOR |Ct If onxt. 

Yo«nii|lit ctrry an If. tHMfer jFMcr fMlr. 

O. P. Bastwakd Hok. 

MaGOTPiK, a compound of the' two French words 
mogol and pie, a magpie* 

Avfttfi and imdnrnood irtaUmi^ Itwtef 

By mmgotpiet and chongliSy and rook^ teiiiiglfatftavtli 

Tht •eciet'tt man of blopd. 


Mahound, a name formerly given in contempt to 
Mahomety and occasionally to any savage and fero* 
cious character represented in the religious mys- 

And ofteiitimes by TDermafauit and MtUkmmd swore. 

Maid Marian, a name formerly given to one of the 
attendants of a morris dance, or the lady of the 
May games, Whitsun ales, &c. from being a per- 
son of decent manners; it became a licentious 
character, and was personated by a man, dressed 
in woman's clothes, who usually collected the 
money from the spectators* 


Alid tat womanhood, Maid Motion may be tiie depnty's Wife 

of the ward to thee. 

1 Pa&t Ki Hbn. it. 

Maintainor, a term io law^ implying' one who 
seconds or maintains the suit or cause of another^ 
whether by money or other help^ it is an offence 
punishable at common law. 

Ttiey gire hhr almes to the riehe. 
To tnaiHtepnori, and to men of law. 

CBAtf CBB*8 'PhOWUA3i*a Txilu 

Makb (S. moca), a mate^ companion^ or consort. 

My moder imd my sister ytake» 
And f1»tiuii uy KCtttil mttki, 

Rom. or K. Ai.MAttit8U» 

y«t &tvw tuOe tirotr to hit mtUi§, 

•fnmii'f Ft Qvflsir. 

Maki BATii a promoter of quarrels. 

I afvor vti a fMlir« M« w a Imt^f . 

O. P« A WoHAir XiuiB wm Kiifsiwii. 

Ma&b (F.)i a porlmanteavi paokiyei or trunk. 

And trviMtli a 11M1I9 hka beMad* 

F«9I. «? R. Al'llAVHVM. 

Ke wM tiieie such taotiier pwdonere, 
S^ in his fiMic iM htd » pinow.bfre. 

Ckavcsk's p. to PAHDONVa'S TAl.«f 

Maxsnoinb (F* makngtn), a deceitful eontriTaodi. 

But the chaste damsel that hi^ nerer piiefe 

Mauonant, a name of reproach g^ven by the Puri* 
tans of the time of Charlels I. to the supporters of 
the king and hierachy. 

Hoir wiU <tt8sentln« hrettifiB rdish it I 
What wiU malignant say videllcitt 


BfALiaoN (O. F.)^ a corse, an imprecation. 

Oog*s mUUim, tiutre Cock aad I, hrd twenty ttaBct]ifhtoA*t. 

O, P. G. QvKtos*B Naipui. 

322 A 0I.O68ARUX ANJ» 

MalkiNi a mop made of rags, lued for deaaiiig oat 
ovens, and hence a slut or dirty drab is so called. 
It is the English translation of the French esail* 
lion, and not a diminutive of Marfff as supposed 
by Johnson and others. 

Tbe kitclien malkin pins 

Her ricliest locknon xoandlicr rccdqr neck. 


Mall (L. nMUeu8)y a heavy hammer or wood^ 
olttbi flattened at the end. 

^en erery manhad ft flMU4 
Sttche w fhex betem doUies withal. 

-— With mighty mflA 
Hit nonfter meroilaM him inaiit to ftU. 

■MKMa"» F. QtSMT* 

BfALTALlNT (O, F.), ill will. 

HMOih ha hara Ihylord l-iheiil» 
Thoa abalt togiYa^naffaiw*. 

Rom. 09 Rich. Covk j>s Liok. 

Malurb (F. mdlheur), misfortune or mischance. 

I, woAil wight, Ihll ofm afc i f, . 
Am wone fhaii dad, and yet dare. 

Chavcbe*8 DaBMI. 

Mamm IR, to hesitate^ mutter^ or mnrmur. 

— — — — I wonder In my aoail 
What yoa thould aA BkoHiait I dKMld deny. 
Or itandao mamaMrittg on^ 
MAMBfST or Mawmet^ an idol» a corruption of 
Mahomet, but more frequently used to signify a 
puppet or doll^ from the L. mamma, 

A temple he found, ftiyre eiiow» and a M«9m«f amidde. 

Rob. op GLOtreaaTBB's Cbrom. 

■ Thia Is no world 

To (Iftr wlfii iMniiii«<< aiKl to tUft with 1^ 


by mammett, 

O. P* BmT WoKAii iir 8m BtriMim. 

Mammock (Span, mocftan), a frag^ment^ Ared, or 
shapeless piece; as a verb, to tear or break in 

O, I wwrant how he m ammoek^ t il. 


TiM ioe nai teoken into laife wwm ogftt. 


Manghst. See '' Cheat'' 

Manciplb (L.mancep8), a steward or pnrteyorof 

victuals of any communityy particularly of a ool* 

lege or inn of court. 

A (entil mtmeiftle was ther of the tenqde* 
Of which adiatoon mighten take ensemple. 

CitAvexA's Pro, to Cant. Talis. 

Mamdraoora (L.), the plant mandrake^ a power- 
ful soporific. 

Not poppy nOr tnaniragora. 

Nor eU the drowsy syrups of the east. 


I liave st(9*t mine ears wiUi shoemakors* wax, and drank 

Lethe and maniragara to forget yoa. 

O. P. Eastward Hos. 

Mangonel (0,.V. Tnangonedu)^ a warlike engine, 
made to batter walls, by projecting large stones. 

Without stroke it mote be take, 
Of trepeget or. mangmuL 

Chaucbr*8 Rom. op tbb Rosb. 

Manicon (L.), a species of the plant nightshade, 
supposed to affect persons who eat it with madness. 

Bewitch hormetic men to run 
Stark tteii^g mad with Biofiiran. 


Manner (F. manier), an old law term, more pro- 
perly spelt mainor. When a thief was appre- 

S24 ▲ €Ij06AABIAL Alio 

btnded with the stolen goods in his po^eisiep, iie 
was said to be taken with the fnotnor. 

O ]i(IIhdB, tiMNiitoimt A cop of tick dglitMB Twn acsb sbA 
wert t^MB wttii the aMimer. 

1 Pabt K. Bnr. IT. 

Majkasmus (6r.), the consumption of the fledft which 
sometiiiies follows a fever. 

Marches (S. mearc), the borders of a eoofitry; 
these were in England under the guard of a special 
officer* called Lord President of the Marebea. 

They of the marches, grmcions aoTeieigii» 

Shall be a waQ snflicient to defend 

Oar island. K. Hsk. t. 

Marchpane (F. mitssepane), a sort of confeetion or 
aweetnieat, made of almonds, sugar, and other 

Good ttioo, save ae apiece of mareJi!|Nm«. 

Rom. axu Jul. 

Marsschal (F.). This title in its primitive sense 
denoted an officer who had the care or contronl of 
horses, from the Gaulish word march, which sig- 
nified a horse^ and scale, a sort of servant ; it is 
now a name given to various officers, both in dvil 
and military employments. 

And water him, that thou oe falle; 
Then will we see among us alle 
That thou hast be in Arthur's halle 
His prys mareKhalle» 

Rom. of Oct. Imp. 

Margarite (L. tnargarita}, a pearl. 

■ For 1 long to Tlew 

This nnknowB land and all their fabuloBB rites, 
And gather margantet in my brazen cap. 

O. P. FviMus Tboss. 

STY MCiUIG tCM, 4lf€TMN AlRT. 925 

KbuMiow, a. profncsal teiftn, tagmfymg a friefid^ 
. cDcnpBDioD, w associaite. 

Jfotu hiMlMiids tt*t had no mm > rmu $. 
Their wives broughten them wheel burowt. 

BusjYVG ot nn Ibuni* 

Mats '(F. iiMfer), to Bstonish^ confound, or sulNtae. 

Mf miacl she has fTMfoi^ and •mM*dn7 aigM. 


Maunder, a beggar^ derived, says Spelman, from 
mound, a basket, rn which alms were andently 
^ven to the poor ; hence the term MaundyThwts* 
day, the day on which the king gives alms to the 
poor. The verb, to maunder, is to grumble or 

My noble Springlore, the great commander of the maunders, 

O. P. Thb Jotxal Cbkw. 

Mauther (Goth, mawi), a foolish young girl. 

Away, ya« taUt Itte ft foolish ifMntlA«r. 

B. JoNSON*s Alchtmist. 

Mavis (F. mai^tJtt), the bird called the throstle or 

So tkSUi Hm oiM^oo wlMto the iMwte sings. 


Mawe, an old game at cards. 

There's a sound card at mawe. 

O. P. SurOLISBMBN POR Mt M onbt. 

Methought Lucretia and I were 9ji mime, a game, nncle, that 
you can wdl skiU of. 

O. P. Hat Day. 

May (S. maeg), a maid or virgin. 

The croonyng of Henry, and of Malde, that May, 

P. Lanotott's Cniton* 
Thou glary of womaahode, tlKm ftdre Xagf, 

Chaucer's Man of Lawbs Talb. 

May and Maying. It was formerly a custom of out 
ancestors, on May -day, to rise early in the mornings 


326 A «Ij088AftlAL AMD ' 

and go into the open fields to enjoy the return of 
spring, and gather flowers. King Henry VIIL 
bis queen, and court partook of this pastime^ which 
was. called '^ going a maying." The white haw- 
thorn, which is called May, Is still gathered on 
the 1st of that month, but the amusement is now 
confined to the lower classes. 

*Tis M much impoMilde to scatter Uum, •■ to nake them deep 
on Mojf'daif morning. 

K. Bur. Till. 

In this month. May games or interludes of a eomic 
cast were usually exhibited. 

More matter for a May momtfif . 


Mazar (Belg. mae8er)y a wooden bowl or cup made 
of the maple tree. 

A mighty flMurer bowl of wine was sette. 

SrENSKR's F. QuKxir. 

Meacock (F. mes coq), a timorous or efl*eminate 

A meaeock wretch can make the corstest shrew. 

Taming or tm Suukw. 
A woman's well help'd with such a nteaeoek, 

O. P. Tan HoNxsT Whoax. 

Mealed (F. mesler), mixed, compounded. 

Were he meuled 

With thyat which he corrects, then were he tyraiinous. 

MxAs. vox Mkas. 

Meare (Gr.), a boundary or limit. 

The Trojan Brute did first that city foond. 
And Hygate made the meare thereof by west. 

Spsbtsbb's F. QcTBXir. 

Measure, a slow and solemn dance, usually danced 
at court in the time of Queen Elizabeth, and 


generally by persons of rank \n the costume of 
their oflSees. 

They say that they have measnr'd many a mile 

To tread a measure with you. 

LoTE*s Labour Lost. 

MechalIi (L. mcecha). This word is derived from 
the Latin y and not from michy as sugg^ested by 
Nares, and signifies adultery- 

Her own tongue 

Hatii vuUlsh'd her a mechall prostitute. 

O. P. A Challbngb rea B«autt. 

P(dlute Qie nuptial bed with michall sinne. 

Hbywooa's Sxre^ Tsat. 

Mbddle (F. mesler), to mix or mingle. 

A thousand 8tghs» hotter than the glede. 
Out ef his brest each aiter other went, 
MtdUd with plaint new, hia wo to fede. 
' C«AVOBa*a TBoik Am Cuir. 

Meg of Westminster, a notorious virago^ who 
lived in the reign of Queen Elizabeth^ of the same 
stamp as Moll Cutpurse; she obtained such cele« 
brity, as to become the subject of a comedy, called 
Lmg Megy and her exploits are detailed in a 
pamphlet, published in 1635, and reprinted in 
1816. A cannon in Dover Castle is still called by 
her name. 

FaiUi, Ihave a great mind to swLmgMeg and The Ship at 

the Fortune. 

O. P. Ambnss roR Ladibs. 

Was it your Mm of Wettnwuter courage that rescued me I 

O. P. Tub Roaring Gir&. 

Meiney (F. mesnie)y the retinue or domestfc ser- 
vants of a family. 

nen the Pers^ out <tf Bambwowt eamei, 

With hym a myghte meanst* 

O. B« Chbtt Chacb. 


328 A,tf»Ma64<MAl» MMT. ' - 

■ I Op wIkw cotttenH 
They tmnmoii'd «p tbeir tneiiv. 

DrydeD was the last poet that astd the term, andt 
it is incorrectly spelt numy in his works. 

Tbe mai^ read tbe aides with lonl i^plsoM. 

Mell (F* me^er), to meddle. 

Such is the lucke which Mne mtn get ^i^hen tiier begin to «ieiL 

O. P. G« GCBTOir's NsBBUk 

TydiBge of wwre, and wotldly tnnible tdl. 
With hol7 (Ether fits not with such things to melL 

9ptimw9.*B F. Qtrssv. 

McRMAiD Tavbrn. Tbis bouse was sitoatttl lA 

Comhilli and was the frequent resort of the dra-^ 

malic authors and the wits and choice spirits of 

. the age ; Sbakspearej B. Jonson, Beaumont and 

Fletcher were among its constant visitors. 

■ !■ I had made an ordinvy 

Perchance at the Mermaid. 

O. P. T» CiTV Matvb. 

King's Head, in New Fish Street, where roysteit do nngv. 
The ifennaid, in CornhiU, &c. 


Merky» a word of doubtful etymology^ but in its 
primitive sense denoting faithful, stout, or cou* 
rageous, and not cheerful or pleasant, according 
to its subsequent and present meaning; it was. 
often used as a military phrase, addressed to aa 
armed force on the eve of or pending a battle. 
The earlier chronicles and old metrioal ballnds 
spell it miri and mery. 

Fyghte ye» my MMity men, whyUys ye may* 

For my lyll dap h«9 tmu 

O. 8. Chbtt Cbacs.. 

And hS tdfond fhSin tLoVfn ttbd^ 
And all bto iMfy mi&yne. 

A Lttil Obsti of B. Hoss. 

ItiflttJilCB (F.), ft ^vbnd^r or Mg^ht; *' 

Ami MtiMB donne dlMie Hdtthd ii MOi ' 

Full of iMTMf to 8e« a grete m9rvaUe* 

ChiAucBa's La. B«.l« Dami, &e. • 

MsnTARD (ffoiii L, metioTy and yard), a wand ta 
measure with, a yard measure. 

TUeo tlioa the UU^ gi^e m» thy mt^oHl. 

fxniNrf oir MK SMlE#. 

MiTOTOMT (Or.>, a ilgrnre of rhetoric, by which 
one word or thing' is put for another, a^ dause for 
effect, &c. 

. Qooth h%t whatever others deem ye, 

I ondwatand yoor l e toiywy? 

Tour words of aecond hand iaveiition. 

When thiB0i bj wrongful names you mention; 


IIinTB {S,% dreamed. 

Al nyghtme oMUfitett WW al n DmbC . 

CHAvcaa*s ]fH.LBR't Talk.- 

Me in;efie thaS I rdied ny and-donna 

Within our yarde, 

CiAOcan'i Nonkss PnixsTia Talk. 

Mew (F,muey, a cage or mdesure where hawks- 
were kept during the mooltipg season; afterwards 
it beeame to signify a cage or place of eonlnement 
in general. 

And by h«r baddca MMa aho dMNia ft iMewi0j» 
And corered it with yelyettes blewe. 

ChAudaji*a' Stoiftit^ Tauu- 
Mew thy tongue, or we*U cut it out. 


SfKtiNt (S. fnehge), mingled, united. 

For even of lore the sicknesse 
Ia,i9flii## witbawelte aB4 ^ ttfffaeaadr 

CnAUCBn*t Rov. ov mv Bo8b» 


Tm with his eldor toother Tbemfis 
His bncldBh wmres be rnqpti. 

ftpnisBK*8 fUnf. Cal. 

HiOHER (Da. miche), a petty tbief, one who lute 
or hides lumself to effect hit purpose. 

Rowshonld I bj his wwd him lere^ 
tJBneth thit he nis a miekerf 

Chaccpb*S' Bom. ov not Boss. 

Wantom wenches, anil also mjfehtn. 

' b. X. OP Rrcn Sconnuu 

MiDDLERDE (S. middaleard), the earth; the world, 
. from its supposed position between the higlier aai 
. lower r^ons. 

WhQom clerkes wel y-lerid, 
Faire a-dyght this myddel erde. 

Rom., ov K. AusAVMSBVr 
And bring hem Aito the orchard, 
Ihe fitirest in aU midtfffemr. 


MiNETER (F. menu vair), a costly fur^ of a white 
colour, speckled with blacks 

A bnmette cote hong therwithal, * 
Fmred with no fiiinivere. 

. . Cbaucsr's Rom. of tbb Roasr 
And a mantle of scarlet, 
T-panned an with intfu'oerr. 

Flo. AN9 Blancbflovab. 

^INUTB Jack, a figure that strikes the bell of a 
clock. See " Jack of the Clock House/' 

cap and Imee staTcs, Tapoon and tiUmae Jaekt, 

'KntOK or Athskk 

Mf^K (8. mirae), dark, gloomy, obscure. 

^ The shadow maketh her hemes merhe, 


Hell is mwrJcy, Macbfth. 

Misprise, to mistake, from the French mesprendre, 

^f^.^qmetimes importiDg disdain or eontempt^froA 
mepriser,- in both senses it has long* been obso- 

Yoa spend yonr passion on a mitprited mood. 

MlDS. NlOHT% Driam* 

Tlien, if all fayle, we wiU by force it win, 
. And eke reward the wretdi for his mes^riffe., 

Spbnsbk's F, Qujom^ 

Miss AY (from mis and «ay), to censure or speak 
ill; missegging is used in the same sense. t; 

llif s in behayionr garres men missagf. 

Both of their doctrine ant thdf iiy. 

Spbnsbr's Pastokals* 
A proud dame and maU8ioa% ' '' 

Hokerfol and eke miu^iging. 

Lay lx Frbinb. 

Mister (O. F. mestier}, a trade, occupation, or 
employment; a mechanical trade was anciently 
called a mystery, and the word is ^tiU reti|UGiefl jua 

But telleth me what mitter men ye been. 
That ben so hardie. 


MiswEEN (from mis and ween), to misjudge; or 

Why* then, shonld witless man so mvdi mlneem/ 

Sprnsrr's F. QvnV' 
■I . • 

MiswEND (mis, and S; weridan), to go wir6ng. 

Bat things mfsconnseiled must needs mUwend, 

Bpxnssr's M. Hubbard's Talb. 

MiXEN (S.), a dunghill. 

' For whan I see beggfara qoakihg, 
l|raked,onflni«ewaU|rti]ikinS. . , 

Cbaucbr's Rom. or m Roam, 

Mo and Moe (S. ma)/ more. 

naance me moe it haiUdfty. 


SS2 ' A GL08SAMIA& A1I0 

MoBLSD, muffled, coyergd wkh n «>§»• or cairele» 
iMftd dress. 

B«t iMlKy, iliiroe 1 had Mearthe MoMetf qiieau 

JTolMMf nine days in my eoniMcrlnf «p. 

OoiLBT*S Fablm. 

MocADO (P. m&ncaiari), m species of silk velvet 

ythj, she went in a firinged gown, a single raff; an^ a white 

cip, and my litber in a ■■iili coML 

O. P. Thb Iavdon PaoDiaAi.. 

Modern. This word, ia the time of Queen filiza-^ 
both, was used to si|piify eommon or ordinary, 
and not in its present sense. 

And rouse from sleep that fell anatomyr 

Which cannot hear a lady's feeltte tow, 

Whkh.soent a m »4e fm tnTMatton* 

K. JoBir. 
Full af wiaa saws and sm dw w inrtanwi. 

As Tov Iain hv 

ttonvLK (L. fMduhis)^ a modeL 

Come* bring fortii tliis counterfeit module. 

Ail's Wsll 'fHAT Ewna Will. 

Mob (P. moqne}f to make mouths, to deride; some-' 
times spelt mott e. 

Fur erery trifle are they set upon me, 
SoosatinMi Uke apes to MMv and cSuUter at ma. 


Moil (F. mawittery, to labour or drudge. 

That like an emmet thon must erer nuril, 
Zs a sad sentence of an ancient dale. 

Thomson's Cast, of Involkncb. 

Moldwarf (S. mold and weorpan), the mole, so 
called from its warping* or taming* the earlh out of 
its proper place or direction. 

Sometimes he angers me, hy telllttg me of the moldwmrp and 

the ant* 

1 Pakt K. Hbit. it. 


SloMB (F. momm)y a drone, dull, or stupid fellow. 

He aught he saide, whaterer he did h«are> 

But, hanging downe his head, did like a mome appear. 

Monmouth oap» This was a flat cap, worn by the 
conaion people, particularly by apprentices, and 
also by soldiers and sailors ; it was made of worsted 
and probably manufactured at Monmouth. 

Hurl away a brown dozen of Montnouth caps or so, in sea 
otremoiiy to jwa bon voTage. 

O. P. ZAfitWARV HoM. 

With ManmotUh eap, and cutlace by my side. 

SAnran on Ska OmoaRs. 
p. or BucM.'s Misc«. 

MofiTH't MZKD. This term is frequently found in 
old wills and testamentary dispositionSi where 
mentfoB is made of a month's mind, and a yearns 
mindf they were greater or lesser ftineral sekrn-^ 
nities, ordered by the deceased to hold him in 
remembrance, and at which masses were said for 
his soul. The custom ceased at the Reformation, 
and it now only signifies a strong wish or desire ta 
do or refrain from doing any particular act, 

I tea yoH. hare a month*» mind to fhem. 

Two OsNTa. OF VniOKrv 

For if a trii]iq)et sound or drum beat. 

Who has not a numth*» mind to combats 


MoNTURE (F.), a riding or saddle horse. 

And lormurd qmrr*d his mmUure fierce withal. 

SrKvoEit'a F. QjDpiM^ 

MooRGATs. Near this gate of the city waa a large 
and deep ditch^, which divided Moorfields from the 
old hospital of Bethleqfi ; it OQcasioned tb^ vicjuiity 

334 A <?L0t8AftlAL AWD 

to-be marshy and nnwholesome, and, on that 
aecoont, this suburb was rarely yisited by the 
citizens for the purpose of recreation. 

Twill be at Jlioorgaie, btidam, where I shtll see tiiee In tlte 
ditch, dandnc in ft cocking-stooL 


Wtei ta7*st tboa to a hare, or the-melanrholy of MoordUehr 

I Part K. Hbit, it. 

Mop (Su. Goth, mopa"), used in the same sense as 
moe ; to mock or deride, by making* a wry* face in 

Each one tripping on his toe. 
Will be here with imop and mofret 


His elbows rub'd, and kept a clutter* 
Mopping and mowing. 

Oonox'a Vxao. Tlu?> 

MoRGLAY (F. mori and gUme)^ a deadly weapon; 

a name given to the sword of Sir Bevis of Sooth- 
. ampton, from whence it became a term for a iword 

in general. 

— Dre not thy true 

And paynant morgloff. 

O. P. Ths Or]>iva«t« 

Morion (F.), an ancient steel cap or helmet. 

Their beef they often in their morion stewed. 

Chavcbr*» 8qviri*8 Talb. 

MoRMAL (F. mort mal), a boil or sore, of a viroleni 

But great harme it was, as it thought me. 
That on his shinne a mormal had he. 

CiiAucBB*s Cant. Taias. 

Morris dance, a rustic dance, supposed to be de- 
rived from the Moors ; it is generally one of the 
amusements of May-day, and is danced by men, 
dressed in white shirts, ornamented with Tarious 


coloured ribbons, haviog short staves, to which 
bellf «re fastened, and which they frequently 
clash together. 

The soonda and seas, 'wifh all fhdr finny 4roYe, 
Now to th/e moon in wayering morris tart. 

MXLTO»*f COMva.'- 

MoRRis, NINE men's, a game formerly played by 
country people on the green sward, holes being 
cut thereon, into which stones were placed by the 
players ; the principle of the game was similar to 

Tlie nine flMn'fl morri* is fill'd up with mnd. 


Morris pike, a formidable military weapon, so 
called from being used by the Moors. 

He tiiat seta np hit rest to do more exploits with hisnaec 

than a mtnris irike. 

Com. or Sandas. 

MoRTE (F.), certain notes played on the hom^ on 
the death of a deer. 

He blewe a morte upon the bente. 

O. B. Chsvt CHAca. 

MORTER (F. mortier), a lamp. 

For by that mortar whieh I see brame» 
Knowe I fol well that day is farre henne.s 

CuAvcBa*s Taoi. a.vd Cbxss. 

MoRTREis (P.), in cookery, the name of a dish 
made of chickens' eggs, bread, and saffron boiled 

He coud roste, seeth, boilen^ and trie, 
Maken mortreis, and wel bake a pie. 

CHAvcaa's Ceaas Tauu 

Moss TROOPER, a name given to certain banditti, 
who infested the borders of England previous to 
the union with Scotland. 

334 A <?L0t8AftlAL AWD 

to be marshy and nnwholesome, and, on tbit 
account, this suburb was rarely yisited by the 
citizens for the purpose of recreation. 

Twill be at Jlioorgate, beldam, where I ahall see tface In the 
ditch, Uancinf in a cucking-stool. 

Q. P. Kxw Woiron. 

What aay'at thon to a hare, or the-mflanflwrfy of JTooritfeftf 

1 Part K. Hsir. it. 

Mop (Su. Goth, mopa"), used in the same sense as 
moe ; to mock or deride, by making a wry- face in 

Each one tripping on his toe, 
yiim be here with wutp and moire. 

HtR elbows rub'd, and kept a dutter« 

Mopping and mowing. 

OoTTox'a Viao. Tiat* 

Mono LAY (F.moW and glaive) ^ a deadly weapon; 
a name given to the sword of Sir Bevis of South- 
ampton, from whence it became a terra for a iword 
in general. 

Dre not thy true 

And paynant tnorgluy. 

O. P. Thb OapniAftT. 

Morion (F.), an ancient steel cap or helmet. 

Their beef they often in their morion stewed. 

ChavccbN SQinam's Talm, 

MoRMAL (F. mort mal), a boil or sore, of a virulent 

But great hanne it was, as it thought me. 
That on his shinne a mormal had he. 

Chaucsr's Cant. Talks. 

Morris dance, a rustic dance, supposed to be de- 
rived from the Moors ; it is generally one of the 
amusements of May-day, and is danced by men, 
dressed in white shirts, ornamented with various 


coloured ribbons, having short staves, to which 
bellf are fastened, and which they frequently 
clash together. 

The soonda and seas, trifh all fhdr finny droYe, 
Now to th/e moon in wayering morris tare, 

MU.TO»*8 CoMva.' 

Morris, nine men's, a game formerly played by 
country people on the green sward, holes being 
cut thereon, into which stones were placed by the 
players ; the principle of the game was similar to 

Tlie nine flMn'fl mom* is fill'd up with mnd. 

MiDS. Night's Dbkah. 

Morris pike, a formidable military weapon, so 
called from being used by the Moors. 

He tiiat sets up his rest to do more exploits with hisnaec 

than a mitrrU irike. 

Com. or Sandas. 

MoRTE (F.), certain notes played on the hom^ on 
the death of a deer. 

He blewe a morte upon the hente. 

O. B. Chvvt Chack. 

MoRTER (F. mortier), a lamp. 

F^ by that mortar which I see brome, 
Knowe I fal well that day is farre henne.s 

CuAvcBa*s Taoi. and Cbxss. 

MoRTREis (P.), in cookery, the name of a dish 
made of chickens' e^^s, bread, and saffron boiled 

He coud roste, seeth, boilen^ and ftitt 
Maken mortreis, and wel bake a pie. 

CHAvcsa's C«KB8 Tauu 

Moss TROOPER, a name given to certain banditti, 
who infested the borders of England previous to 
the union with Scotland. 

S96 A OMSAABiiu. Jkam 

▲ Cuioted «MM tn9par the %ufit 
The truncheon of a ipear <»e8fcrode. 

Lay vp fin &A0« H 

Mote (Du. moet), most or might. 

That liTiog creatnre mnU not it abide. 

Spsvsbb** V. Qvsnr. 

Motion. T)ie«ld puppet shews were called motuniMt 
4uMi wc«e Ibrmef ly in great repute. 

What mMm** this) the motel of NliMMiil 


•Othe mU l m ulSML I Laatliom Leithwhcwt hatggWwi Ufht 

'lo In my time. 


Motley. The domestic feol, fonneriy kept for the 
diversion of the greats wore a party coloured coat^ 
made of calf skin, with buttons down the back; 
this fact is alluded to in King John^ and in the 
saying of one of those domestics/ who, on patting 
a greyhound on the back, observed, ** the buitons 
are behind with thee too.'' The word is of un- 
certain derivation, but it always denotes a mixed 
colour, and we still retain it in mottled, as applied 
to a species of soap coloured with streaks. 

A worthy fool; motley** your only wear. 

As Yotf LiKS It. 
Thon wear m lion's skin; doffit, for shame. 
And hang a ca{f«Artn on thy recreant limbs. 

K. Joiifr. 

MouNCH (from F. manger), to chew or masticate 
food, synonimous with mumble; the action of the 
jaws in mastication, which in old age are deficient 
in teeth. 

A •ailor*8 wife had chcsnuts in her lap, 
And mouncht, and mouncht, and mouncht. 


Mound (F. monde), the world ; but, figuratively, 
'>«ll themoond/^ is every thing you wish, a lite- 
. ral translatien of the French *^ tout te moinde** 

. HoldtaMtotitiybusb^ikU. • 
And ihoa shalt hare all the fnovndt 

1t0M. OP VBis Scvsir Saoi^s. 

MovMTENANCE^ the amoont or value of ci tjiiiig, 
chiefly in reference to space or distance. 

MTfhtBeltlier other hann done 
Tbe mmaUenanet of an hour. 

A liTTSL OBsri bF Ri H^iw* 

l%is said, the^ both a tolong*B immn/tfMMot 
Retired, their steeds to riMme an even race. ' 

Spxnssi^s V. QUBBK. 

Mouse, a term of endearment or affection. 

Let the bloat kine 
Pinch wanton on your cheek, call yon his moMe. 


But is the countesses smock almost done, mmucf 

O.P. Ton RoAsiJI« Qfii. 

Much, a term of contempt, implying a sneering dis- 
belief of an assertion, somewhat similar to the 
modern marry came up. 

What! with tiirQpoi|itiJayoi>ral)duldef^ Much I , 

2 Part K. Hbv. it. 
But you shall eat it. Mttehl 


Muffler (from S. muth, the mouth, SLudfealdian, 
to hide), a part of female dress, formerly worn 
over the lower part of the tdLce, doverin^ the mouth 
and chm. 

Thars*8 her thromVd hat and her mujgler, 


I espy a great beard under her mug^, 


MuMBUDGET, a cant word to signify " be silent^' 



And I thoncfat he Imnghtnot merier tlian I -wiieii I gat his monej} ' 
Bat, nmn^omget, for Carisophas I espie. 

O. P. Damom Am PmuAs. - 

MuMCHANCE^ an old game at cards, but said by 
Todd to be a game of hazaid with dice. Dekkar's 
Aiitbority it decisive. 

I ha* kiu>wn him cry when he hast loit hilt three shOlinss 
at w ntme hanee, 

O. P. Tbs Jotiai. Cssw. 

The eardit are fetch'd, and mmmehanee or decoy is the game. 

Dskkab's BsuMAir of Loxnoir. 

MuMMBR (Dan. mumme)^ one who hides bis face 
with a mask or disguises himself in frolic. The 
ancient mysteries and allegorical shews were en- 
acted by mummers. 

Jugglers and dancers, antiok mummert, 

Ab fiur as I can see, they hefRttmm«rt. 

O. P. Damok Am) Pythias. 

M.USCADBL «(F.)> ^^'rich wine, made from the mus- 
cadine ;grape. 

QuaiT'd off the muscadel. 
And threw the sops all in the sexton's fhce. 


Muse (F. muser), to wonder; in Uiis sense it is now 

Do not mute at me; 

I have a strange infirmity. 


Muas, a cant word for a scramble. 

When I cried hoa! 
Like boys unto a muss kings would start fortb. 


To see if thou beest Alcumy or no, 
^lliey*Il throw down gold in musses, 

O. P. Ths Spanish Gipst. 

Mutton, -a cant word for a courtezan. See '* Laced 



Nake (S. benacan), to unsheath or make Baked a 

Come, be ready; nake your iwords, think of your wrongs. 

O. P. Thk Rbvxnobbs* Traobot. 

Nals (from ale)^ an alehouse. 

And they were gladden to Alien his pnrsc, 
. And made hem grete feestes at the Hole. 

Chaugbr's Win or Bath. 

Napery (It. naperia), a term 'formerly used to sig- 
nify linen in general^ though now chiefly confined 
to that used for the table. 

Pr'ythee pat me into wholesome napfr^, and bestow soida 
clean commodities apon us. 

O. P. Thb Honbst Whors-. 

Napkin (It. nappd). In the early drama the term 
is used for a handkerchief. 

And Uiey would go and kiss dead Caesar*s W9unds» 
And dip their napkhu in bis sacred blood. 

Jui*. CiBSAm. 
I am glad I hare found this napkin j 

This was her first laneanbraace flroiBi Um Moor. 


Nar, the old word for nearer. 

To kirk the nar, to Ood lAore far. 

Spbnsbb*s Sbbp. Cal. 

Narcotise (F. narcotique), having a sleepy or sta- 
pifying quality. 

Of a darrie made of certain wine. 
With narcotUe and opie ftf Jliebes fine. . 

Chaucbb's KmoHT's Talb. 

Nard (L. nardtui), a precious ointment^ the qpikSr 


840 '* - A €L08^AitlAL Sit90 

TIlfOQ^h (TOfM of Hlfnll 

And flowerinf odours, cassia, nord; and haim, 

Pam, LofT. 

Nare (L. nart«)y a nostril; used only in burlesque. 

niere is a Machiayelian plot^ 
Though every nare oIAict it not. 

N'a8, a contraction of never vms. 

No where so busy a man as he there n*aj^ 
And yet be seemed busier than he wa8« 

Cbavc«r*8 Man or Lawba Taib. 

Nathless^ not the less; now spelt nevertheldai. 

Kathiess, my brother, since wt patted are 
Vftto this point, we wiil appease our Jar. 

irivaift't F. QuBiir. 

Nathmorb, a similar contraction of never the more. 

Yet naMmort by Ut bold beaity tpMcli 
Could fait blood-flroceB heart emboldaiwd be* 

Natword^ a bye word or term of reproacb. 

Aad, witii a gibing hind of fM^ipord, 
Quoth he, blind haxpen have among ye. 

Cott6n*8 Viro. Trat« 

Ne^ a particle in frequent use by GoW^ry Chaucer, 
and Spenser, both singly and by contraction; aSj, 
n*i11, for ne will, will not; n'is, forneis, is not; 
&c and singly for not, neither, or nor. 

lyTr of his speech dangeroiis ne digne. 

CHAUcaa*8 Pro. to Pakdonmi's Talb, 

So Umly Me so troUy yon selrve, 

N*U none of hem as I. 
/ . Chavcbb's Tiaoi* Ain» Cm^s. 

Neb (S. nebbe), the bill or beak of a bird^ used 
figuratively for the mouth. 

HOW the taoldt up ttie iMft, the hUlf to hfafl^. 

WlIirTKB*S Talb. 

NsoR TBR8S9 a verse, the beginning of the 51st 
Psalm '* miserere met deuSy*' which conTicted 


felons were required to. read to enable tbem to 
claim benefit of clergy* This ceremony was abo^ 
Mshed by 5 Queen Anne. 

VTfon mine own freehold, witliin tdrtf foot of tSie fallowVr 
conning his neek vene. 

O. P. Thb Jxw of MMLfA, 

Nedder (S.), an adder. 

Anon the neHen gaa her for to Blinfl:. 

Chaugsb's Lbo. of. O. Wombk. 

Neeld (S. nedl), a needle i sometimes also^ by old 
authors^ spelt oeele. 

Their fhimbTeB into armed* gauntlets change, 

Iheir neeldM to lances. 

K. Jovir. 

Nebse (S. neUen), to sneeze. 

And waxen in their mirth, and neexe and swear. 

MiDs. NieKT*s Dbbax* 

NfiF (Is. nefi), the fist. 

Gire me yoor Me//, Mounsienr MostMrd Seed. 

His spindle shank a gold whip lash. 
His nehe a nit. 

BvBNs' HAooia» 

Nempt (S. nemnan), named,, from the old Terb 
nempne, to name; 

Under han holde, that fiaapiM I ne can. 

CHAvcaa's Man of Lawbb Tkvr^ 

Oi a warm« he haaeiy.nm^. 

SpBNSBa's F. QvBBir.- 

Nether stocks, stockings corering: the legs and 
feet.. Tn the ninth century, persons of sank wore 
them as high as the middle of the thigh, but in 
the lower classes, they only reached toe the calf oC 
the leg, and hence were called nethec stocks. 

Kre I lead this life, I'll sew nether stockt, 



NKttLs; m t>ocm, cm. Sde *' Dock.*' 
Nxwtt (F. iMifveUe), novelty. 

He wu M enainoQr*d «flh Um MM]^ 
Tint Boai^ he deem'd dfltr te hit jevcL 

8PKimcB*s Chur. Cai. 

NiOB, imiMite, triiing, of little import. 

My lofd, this arrnes coBseieiiee te yott pnec^ 

B«ft tiM mpeeli tteroef en niM MiA ttlftal. 

K. RiCB. ni. 
Hie letter wu not Nfo0, hut fall ol duofe. 

ROM. ANB J01. 

NictiotAS, St. clerks. Highwaymen and robbers 
were formerly so called. St* Nicholas was the 
patron saint of scholars, and Old Nick being a cant 
name for the deTil, thiefes were eaUed his ol^ks. 

If they Bietttaot wMh 8i, JW*elto»»gfarle> vn give tlM^iiie neck. 

1 Tmmv K. Hbn. rr. 

Nick, a corruption of notch, a cat on a sticki by 
which accounts or reckonings were formerly kept. 
The tallies in the Exchequer are still used for that 

LraBee^ hie nan, toldtneke lovtd KerMkiiiran nkk. 


NiDGET (S. nid), a coward; a term whicli was 
applied to any man who, in old times, refused to 
come to the royieil -stiBindard. It is also used, cor- 
ruptedly, for an ideot or trifler. 

Nlding , an old Eaglish word, signifyi«s AtlKcty base minded, 
iUsfe heaned, coward, or «tfid|gvf. 


*Ti8 a gentle iMget} you may play with him as safely as witii 

0. P. n» CBAVoxuve. 

NiFtE (O. F. n^e), a thing of no value, a tritte. 

ue served them with m(^ and wlthiritiei. 



Niggle, a probable d^rivatioQ ftom the last word, 
to treat lightly or trifle with. 

Ttkt heed, dMigbter, 

> ToliMi^leiK*wllli70veoBBeleaoeud^nU|i<m. 

O. P. SMriftOft or vn Eait. 

NiGHTSPELt (from night and spell), a prajfer used 
as a charm against the night mare^ or the acci- 
dents incident to the night. 

therewith the *i^Mi|^ be Mid «iM«i|^ttt, ' ' 
On four halTes of the house about. 

Night WARD (from night znd ward), a night watch. 

He came to fhe galewea anned wel* 

Both in Inm aad In steel, - ^ 

For to make the first »ijrA/w«^ 

"• ' '' 'E«nf. olFinra'SsTttir flkoiris. 

NiGON (Is. nivger), a parsamonious person, a miser 
or niggard. 

A wif e Uius inaa, whfeh Is a nigonf 
He that in his heart can never.say ho. 

^HAOcin's Pro. to Cant. Talks. 

NiLL (S. niUan), to refuse qv arieject.; to be un- 

Certes,.iaid he, I «Mi tliy opafed ince. 

SpBNsnn's F« Qvssn. 

SyUa Mi/ brook, that in BO many jears, 
11raswi& dishonour to giTe vp Ids charfe. ' 

O. P.. Tnn WoesHMi ear iimrti ^1^. 

NiM (S. niman), to fildi or steals a cant wofd; in 
its primitive sense, it meant to keepj take care of, 
or guard; and in old fortified castles, the place 
where the prisoners were confined was called ** the 
keep.'^ , . ,* 

Bade her heo should njfm keep, 
TlMtt hfo Be liid Imnt wu|hti)9 dicepe. 

T. or MbeiiIn; 


Tkcyni qatstkai Mm, and br Ui look 
OetoeC w&o twu that nimm'ir a doak. 


NiNS MEN'S MORRIS, See '' Morris.'' 

Nip (Bel. nippen), to taunt or jeer sarcastically. 

. What aylelli them i Rom ttidr nippe» shall I nerer be flree. 

O. P. DAMOJt Airs PfTBIAS.- 

N'ls (S. ne ts), is not 

Of an my fkxk there nlk sike another. 

SpBirsaB*s Bbbv. Cmi. 

NooBNT (L.nocetM), guilty, cci«iBal, the contrary 
of innocent 

Nor naeeni jti, hot Qii<the grany herb 

FearteiB, unfeared; he triept. 

PAm. Lovr. 

Noddy (O. F. naudtn), a game at cards, similar t» 
if not the same as the modern cribbage; the knare 
was called knave- noddy. 

Maiter nmakford, yoa plity beetat n o ^ ,. 

O. P. A Woman Killed wim Kimmfi. 

NoiANCE (L. noeere), inconvenience, mischief, an* 

To- borrow to day, and to morrow to mia] 
For lender and borrower fiotaittfe it is. 

To keep itself flwm t wiM m e t, 


NoisR (F.). This word was formerly used to sig- 
Bify music in general ; a- noise of musicians was a 

See if thou can'st find out Sneak?t noises, 
Mta; Ttersheet would ftdh bane some muie. 

S'Fabt K. Hxn. it. 
Item Uiy sighs to a not«e of fldlers in paid.. 

O. P. Tux WoifDBB OF a KisroDox. 

N'OLDE (a diminutiye of ne would), would not» - 

He tg'olde her nought we mow wdl sec. 

Moan d'Arthve. 


Ko nere Mbeob n*9lie ht go te itdt. 

CHAUgiR'S Kniobt's Talx. 

NoMBLES (F.)^ the entrails of a stag; those parts 
of the beast which are usually baked in a pie> 
oorruptly da) led " humble pie." Th^ term 'was 
not exclusively applied to the intestines of the 
deer; for in Ptgg&i Forme of Oury there is a re- 
ceipt to make noumbles in Lept, which is directed 
to be made of the paunches of pik^^ cod^ and otfier 

Bredt tad wyae tbey had y&ouf h| 
MaA nomikt of th« detr. 


JNfoNOBj occasion^ intent, desigpj purpose. l^riTirhitt 
supposes the word to have tieen originally corrupt 
Latin, pro tune, as from ad nune came anonj and 
the Spanish etoncea is formed in the same manner 
firom in tune, 

I hayo biases of tmckram for the nompe^ 

i TAXt K. ^ir. iT^ 

Sbe lia Tery witty wencb, and hatha stammelpetttooajbwitli 

three fourdi for tbe HOfiee* 

O. P. What Too Will. 

NoTTi (S.Anol), shorn, cropped short; henee ndl 
paUd and Mi headed signified the hair eat off etose 
from ibe head. 

a iMtff * head lukl ho wilh a teoiiB ^iMCO^ 
Of woodcrafte well couth he aU the oMgo. 

CHAvcsa'a SftUiBa'e Ybo. Tali< 

NouRios (F.)* A Bttnob 

QSinden, Uwa 9Miiri0e of aallvod^. 

0iP^i«l[^« RVIHt OF TlMV. 

S46 ▲ GL088ARIAL AN0 

N0UR8LB (F. nouriee), to fondle or pamper with 
OTer nursiDg*; to nvgzle is a corruption of the word. 

Time motbfTS who to noMle up their babes 
Thought nought too ciuioiis. 


Nqvdm, an old game at dice^ eorrapted frooi Latin 
. nopem, because it required nfne persons to. play it 

Chaage your game for dioei we are a ftiU iramber fmr momtm* 

O. P. OBBBm'a Ttf QaoguB. 

NowLS (8. knot), the top of the head, but more 
frequently used to sigpnify the head itself. 

An ast*t nawl I lix*d iQon his head. 

Miss. NlOHT*S Dbkam. 
Wine, O wine! 

Bow dost thou the nowle refine. 


NuNGHBON, a word of uncertain derivation, hot 
meaning food taken between stated meals, gene- 
rally before dinner. 

When laying by ^eir swords and tnmchions* 
Tliey took their breakfuts or their nuncketms* 


Nup, (a contraction of numps)^ a silly or weak per- 

*Tis he, indeed, the vilest nup: yet the fool lores me exceedingly. 

O. P. LlNSUA. 

NuTHOOK, a word of reproach, insinuating that the 
person was a thief, by using a hooked stick to 
purloin clothes or other articles from windows. 

I will say marry trap with yon, if yon ran the mcMeeJIr** 

hnmonr on me. • . 

M. Wives OF WlKi>SOB. 

Nts (a contraction of ne is), none, or not is* 

Thou findest fault wh,en n^» to be found. 

Spbnsbr's F. Qobbn. 



Ob ABn> SOLLERS, two words contracted (torn ob^ 
jtdiims and sxA'vAionf^ which were applied in 
ridicule of the polemical divines of the time of 
Cromwell, who represented the argcuments of tlieir 
adversaries in the shape of objections, noted in the 
marg^in as oh. and their own replies as 8oL t. e, 

Were sent to «i^ texts land put easee; 
To pass for deep and learned scholars. 

Although b«t paltry o6-aiut<o//er«. 

HuoiBBAt, . 

Obumbrate (L. €h%imbro)y to overshadow or cloud. 

When the Holy Ghost to thee was obtmbredJ 

Chaucer's B. ev Otrs Ladis. 

OccissiON (L. occissio), the act of killing. 

That Theban none aforae his iSace abode. 
He made of him thro' his high renoaa 
So grete slaughtac and occisaion. 

Lydoats*s Hist. TssBts. 

CEliad (F.oelldde), a sig-nificant glance of the eye^ 
an amorous look. 

She gave strange ceiKads and most speaking looks 
To noble Edmund. 

K, LsAii. 

Ezamin'd my parts with most judicious eyliads, 


CB8TRUM4 a Greek word> signifying madness ; also, 
a name given to the breeze or gadfly which stings 

What aggtrum, what phrenetic mood. 
Makes you thus lavish of your blood i 


S48 . : A qLOSSA^iAi. ABri> . 

Offkrtorie (F.offertoire), the anthem sung dnmg 
the offering at the celebration of mass. 

Wd ooode be redealfnon or a ftorie. 
But aktor-beit be HUBf an ^ertarie. 

Ckavcb**! Pro. «o Cant. Talm. 

Old (S. oM). This word was used by Sfaakspeife 
and oihera as a common aogmentative in ooUoquial 
language, in the same sense aa the word great is 
now used. 

Snsdaj, it mtsse. tbe^e wu eW iipg|ne ot bdls*^ Ac. 

Tablton*8 KBWst Out ow Pvboatobt. 

I inuclite tbeie't oltf mtntag UBMigit tbcBL. 


Old trot, an old woman, a gossip. The word trot 
is supposed to be derived from the Ger. druUe, a 
druidess, one who foretold events find used magi- 
cal incantations. 

Every, old trot will bBTe a race (of ginger) ta beate ber cold 


TBc OirUBs Almamacx. 

Give him gold enough; and marry bim to a poppet, an aglet 

baby, or an ol4 trot* 

* TA^, or THK Shrkw. 

Olfact (L» olfactus), to smell ; used by Butler in 
a ludicrous sense. 

There is a Machiavilian plot. 
Though every nare olfact it not. 


0NEYER8, public accountauts of the Exchequer, so 
called, says Malone, from o. ni, an abbreviation of 
oneretur, niai habeat sufficientem €XonerfUi(mem. 

With nol^Uty and tranquillity i burgomasters and gse^ oiMiper^. 

1 Part K. Hbk. it. 

Onslaught (S. onslagan), an attack, onset, or 


Thea called a oouaeii, wliiekWM HMt 
By siefe or onilaughtuiiawtat, 


Opine (L. apijior), to think or be of opinion. 

ABd therm tfine ther fedl ttte ptin 

And Uowi tiMjr felt to day effaia. 


Orfrais (L. aurifrisium), cl6th embroidered with, 

And of fine er>Va»» had die Ae 
A idiapelet ao leemly on. 

Cbavcxb's RpM. or tsb Ross* 

Orgulous (F. orgueilleux), proud^ splendid. 

Bis attire was trgulout, 
AU to^er cole Uacke. 

Rom. or Rich. Csub db Lioir. 

The prince's orgmlout their hiffh blood chaf*d. 

Pro. to K. Hbn. t. 

Orient (F.), the east. The dresses of particular 
magnificence are represented by the old romances 
as coming from the east; and Milton, in allusion 
to oriental grandeur, says—* 

Or which the gor^eoas eoMt, with richest hand, 
Show'rs on her kings Barbaric pearl and gold. 

Par. Lost. 

— — — In a foil rich aparaylment 

Of Samyte green, with miekle pridCi 

Thht wrought was in the orieni, 

MoRTB d'Abtbur. 

Orison (F. oraison), a prayer, oral worship. 

Nymph, in thy oritom 

Be aU my sins remembered. 


Orts. This word is never used, in the singular; it 
means the fragments or refuse of any thing, and 
its derivation is not satisfactorily ascertained. 

The fractions of her faith, orU of her lore. 


Thon son of crumbs and ortt, 

B. JoN80N*t K^ hm» 


OsTENT (L. miaiihm)f shew, pande, appearance. 

Ifito om w«a Hwltod IB tt Ml MfMl 

To plflMt lili gnadMfL 

iBuiarT. •F Vnncs. 

Of aU bit olmidi dtMtotfat, iMitk* ikr» 
Hid in tte «m Mfflifli of fn|«ir« 

O. P. BOBST D'Amott. 

Othergates. See '' Anotheigates." 

Ought (S. auhii), the preterite of owe; owed, 

been indebted. It is also used by early writers as 

own, having a right to. 

Th« dcvQ MfM me a Aune, tad BOW 1w Inlli piid It. 

O. P. TaOMAS, LOHD CKOinrxu. 

He said Um otber day tliaft 70a MyJUhtm a tbomwud poond. 

1 Pabx K. Hsw. it. 

niere or the kBight, tbe wbiditliat etttle eivJU. 

8rxK«BB'e F. Qdbsn. 

OupHE (Tea. €n^), a fairy or sprite. 

Like BxebiBS, tvphet, or ftfries. 

M. Wrrse o» Wudms* 

Ousel (S. oale), a species of blackbird, bat having 
a white crescent. 

The ousel ahrills, the ruddock warUes soft. 

fesivsBa'e F. Quxsv. 

fVe eiiMl coeh, so blaek of Ime, 
IflMi onBge tawBy Ml. 

MIB8. KlOHT'S Dkmau. 

Outcry, the name formerly given to a sale by pub- 
lic auction. The old Roman way of selling things 
by auction, was by setting up a spear^ from whence 
the phrase mii haata venderci the eustom seems 
to have been continued in this country to a late 

Or to be booffht or seid, or lefc for term of liTes or yeofs, or 

«la« sold at mtteryt, 

O. P. Tbb Paxson's Wbbiang. 


nielr homes and fine fWteM ^V^ timmr* 
And thtir foods, nadcr Vttt ^mot at mOer^, 

OuTED (S. Mie)^ remoyedy put out, exting^uished. 

Nor abaU we be deo^ved, unless 
We^ sliorH s*d onI«^I»7 attectoi. 


OuTHORNE. In ancient times the king's subjects 
were called to arms by the sound of a hom^ and 
blowings the outhome was the signal for assem*^ 

Ultra vni auny an euMomr in Carleil Uowen. 

O* B. AOAii BiLty &c. 

Out of all ho, out of all restraint or stop; a word 
derived fron tlmexelanatioii hoi used to stop the 
combat at a tournament. 

For he Hn'd the ftSit ttaUl of ftiMlnfMld ev# pf^ tM JbOt 

<^ P. FniAE Bacow Axrn Faun BVKOATt 

OtTTRAKB (8. Ill imt(m)i a tetm used by shepherdt; 
to sijnsify the free passape of sheep from iilclesed 
lands to commons or open grotindii, bat more 
anciently it denoted an expedition, probably of a 
military character. 

And I have nerer had noe oirfralw, 
Ke no good games that I cold see. 

O, B. NoaTBUMBBaLAKB Bbteatsd, &e. 


So^M thinly aur lord« it hath gftren xoaaddilioo of pxid« and 
fttto' c c irfd Bneg. 

0. ?• Moir»«9v» 9'0i4vs. 

Therefatwas your snir mrid ai iw . 

e.F. Umi Otovrui miLi. MATcn^. 

Qtbrt (P. 9vmH€\ epen, appapenl, clear, evideilf. 

ToteiMhlhlstea^fioel^ ' 

Without more certain and more eoar^tast, 

' OrauL^. 


Oterwkin (from or€r and ^it;eek), to tfaiok arro- 
gantly; to be self opinionated or presuming. 

K. JlXCK. lilt 

OwcHB, an ornament of gfold of jewels; a supposed 
corruption of Teu. neucacif a clasp or buckle^ but 
which was afterwards e:i^tended to other ornaments 
of jewellery. 

A crown OA her heddc ttiey ban idressedi 
And BCt it taUl of owches grete and nnalL 

CRAtrcnK*t C* o> OzBimimB'fl Tals* 

Your broofthiii p9$tUh and wtehtt* 

OwNPiD (F. onc(oy4)i waving, having ao unduUt- 
ing motion like a wave, flowing. 

KtrONniMf iMflTi tiMtllBllllllWWOfllSWSf 

CiiAvcm's Tiioi. AiTD Caiii* 

OxLip (S. oown Mppa), a name givw to the eows« 
' lip, one of the earliest flowers of spring. 

Wliere m/^h and the; noddinf yiolets grow.. 

Minf . NIoffT's DaxAMc 



Pack (from S. paean), to go in company with^ to 
congregate for evil purposes. Both Pope and 
Stevens have mistaken the meaning of this word ; 
the first says, to pack, means to tnake a bargain, 
and the latter^ to eantrive inHdioudy; but neither 
of these explanations elucidate the meaning of 
Shakspeare, or give a true definition of the term. 

Akkd tdl then Mil tbe cireiiiiMlMice ttf an. 

Pack was also a juime'^ ^ jieiifl^'lbr disorderly 
person, but generally appHe.d to the femalj^ sc^. 
Padder (from S. fMmO> 4k bjisiiwiypian, one who 
robs x>|i foot 

Afffi UIbs SMUMM Ob AJJaalll^BMAr 

0. p. Nbw Wat to IPat O1.0 Dbbts. 


Pa^]>oc^, (S.p(iidQ}p ^ large fr.o(^ or iomi. 

EYJtift M>d anBfceg, and jwyrfodfct bfodtf. 

Bomj«v K..A4<iaMaiBitB. 
The pridf toad sfeool grown fhMr^jpMnil^, I.^, 
And loathed paddocks lording on fho lame. 

4iiMn«R*8 Sbsv. Cal. 

Paigls, tbtt icowflip; ben^ t)»e pcov^erb, " as bUke 
(f . §. yeUow) MA a ]NNgie.'' 

Bine hair beUs, pagkt, panales. calamSnth. 

B. Joitaps'a MABQPBt. 

Painted cloth. The old! tapestry hangings were 
so callod; mottoes onaocal jentenoes were usually 
put on It^belp attached to the mouths of the figures 
painted or worked on them. 

I have 9Mn in lifollier Redcap^thiB, 
, .|igifKf|ted.c<»<Ar tlie sfovy of the jprodifKJU 

b. P. TBB MueB8* LOOBtNO GLASf . 

I Ipiofr-iF^n^ weigp, VKdam, ,1rat wtiat faye titie ^ai«M.pfo<* ^ 

O.-P. Thb Honbbt Whobb. 

Pair of iOMAa. TUs imis form^ly rtbe ^lame gi ven 
to a pack of cards. 

A pairofcaink, NlelKrtas, anda oaivetto«OTer IhetaUe. 

O. ^. A WOIIAK 'Kf Ll^D ^ITB KlN0J«BS9. 


354 ' A GL068ARIAL AND 

Paled {trom pale in beraklry)i marked or stripe<f 
with bank 

BiHikiBt ht won of cottttott cowto w>y tt^ 
hadcn upon told and jmiImT. 

Spbvms's F. Qvksk. . 

Pall (S. pall), a robe of state 

Down, fhoB, came that nuqrden Adre, 

With ladjet laced in pall. 

O.H. K. Hnmnta. 

Palliamknt (L. pallium), a dress or robe. 

Hie people of Rome 
Send thee bf me tbeir trftgfte^ 
Thto pmtBmmeni of wMte and fpatttei hoe. 

TIT. AMDaoiricvfi. 

Palmer (Sp. jMibnero), a pilgrim that visited hofy 
places, so called from a staff or boog'h of palm 
which he carried. 

And pabn to paXm !s bolf jMlM«r*« Un. 

ROM. ANB Jva. 

Palmt (from palm), great, floorishing. 

In tlte most high and jMtaijritatB QfRome^ 
A little ere the mifhtiest Jalini ftiL . 


Palter (F. poUron), to shuffle, prevaricate, or de* 

A whoreson doSt that Shan |mI^ thia with vi. 

Tnoi, AND Caass. 

Pakniksll (F. pannide), the scull, the crown of 
the head. 

Smote him so radely on the pannikea. 
That to the chin he deft his head In twabia. 

Smnur's F. Qusbn. 

Pantable, a slipper, a corruption of the F pan* 

KoW| bf my gnaOaak^ptmMle, *tia pnltjrt 

O. P. Eltxka. 

Pantler (F.panetier), an officer in a great family 
who had the charge of the bread. 


Ht woiiU haire vade « jood jMn^ler, he woqli bave chi9i>4 ' 

bread well. 

S FAmvrK,iHSNf IV. 

Papslarde (F.), a hypocrite or dissembler. 

That jMp^fite tliBt him yddeth so, 
And wol' to worldly ease 90. 

CBAoviE'e Rom. of ths Rosa. 

Parage. (0.,F.), kindred^ rank^ high lineage. 

.T6 vedda a poore woman for ooetagei 
Add if that idle be ricAe; of bifh per^gre. 

OHiiveaa*t Meechant's Tali^ 

Parament (F. paremeni), a robe of estate^ a costly 

Lords in pvrmnmt$ ontier ooarsf n, 
Knights of retinne ai^d ^ sqoiers. 

6eavcsr*8 Knioht's Tale. 

Paravaunt (F. par ctvittU) , in frcfnt, pubKdy. 

If chance I him c|Mx>anter jMrowmfii; 
1^ perdy one shall other slay or daunt. 

■ . SnMNML^a'F. Qfomnr 

Paravl (F. poTfitte)/ apparely arins. 

Milk white arme, in ryme I rede. 
Was his pora^//. 

. . XOMk.OV OoT*:^'* 

Parbreak (Teu. Iraekeny, that which is ejected 
from, the stomach by yomiting. 

. Her filthy parbreak all the place ^efXk^, 

' • '8rEit8BE*6 7* QmniN. 

PAtiCEL (F. pareelle), a pa^l of ihe/vriKOteUken 
separately, a word still in use in law*' / *; . 

What nedelh to shew iMneel of ny pain. 


*Tte as It were a jMwvd of their least. 


Pard (S«;pard)y the leppi^rd, used poetically for 
any spotted beast. 

■ More i^ch-spotted make them 

Thaaporrf or cat 0' mountain. 



PARDii (F.)Mr cfteu), «ii Mik or ttseveration fre- 
qiieai id oM authors^ sometimes spelt perdy, 

. .Bftil. 99 K. AusAumms. 
1^ fDQl;M kMTe, peni^. 

Pardoner, a person who carried Ubont -the pope^s 


indolgenoes anjifiold them to ibe Vest bidder. 

4SMh HmtlhtM rode a feBtUI jMittofwre 
CCAoPQoniill, lUs I^S^QMl aiid kit cenpere* 

Paregal (P.), equal to. 

Paregdfto d«kii, ivMi k3nigi1||»iiiy|(k(t oomiMure. 

Parfay (P.), verily, by mj 44t|i 

Poffaji, he thomiht the fiuntqpi U in.iqjbi bed. 

CmAVCMtL*§ TkjLM or Lawbs Taix. 

Vii9M CkMHSflM, commonly called the Bear Garden, 
a celebrated i^aee, sMuated* on ^fae. Baakside^ 
Surrey, used for bating 'bears, ^ called from one 
Robert de Paris, who, in the time of Richard II. 
had a house and garden there. This piaoe of vul- 
gar resort was of an hexagonal ^hape, built with 
stone and brick, and roofed with rushes; the site 
h slill ipointed out by a couBtrfaearing the name of 
" Bear Garden iGourf 

Do ymutakeillM^Mttligr Aini* AmNi/ 

K. Rxir, Tin. 
Bred up vAteie^UmitSimtmio^ttmt^ 

In military Chtrden Parit* Hudibbas. 

PaRlovs, precocity of ildent, keto, ahrewd, for- 
ward ; a diminutive of perilous. 

a pariout boy: Qo to,.yoKa sre too shrowd. 

K: Rich. in. 


Thtu was th* a4M!(Hiiplish*d s^ttire enduM, 

Witb gitiMwaA knowledge jMf'ioiit tlnrewd. 


Partisan (F. pertuisane), a sort of. pike^ a military 
liveapoD^ niQoh used before the inveDtion of artil^ 

I tad as lief have areed that will do me no senrice, as a 
partizan I could not heavet 

Atrra. ahb €&lio#. 

pARTL£t(It» pareto and ^tu(;ca), a Fuff or band* 
for the necki livorn by women^ and hence- a beoi 
with a natural rufif was also so called. 

T&f *d wiUi pitied f ttib And h&»t afid paHkt Mm* 

Then dotard} ttteii art wemta t^'d} ttsreeil^d 
Br thy duM fMPiM )Mrt« 

WlNVIft*! TAI.B. 

Parvue (F.fOfMiX ^^^ P^'o^ of a churohi or more 
properly the outer court of a f reat hall or palaeo^ 
a terni also appliod to the mootinfi or dtsputatibnt 
of young students at law for instruction in their 
profession, which were probably held 1A the- 
parvise or front of Westminster Hall, now called 
Palace Yard. 

. . AMrgeantatlaWtwarjeandviM^.. 

Tliat oden had been at the parvise. 

CBAifcsa'a Van oy-SiAwm TAx.Bf 

Pash, of uncertain derivMion, moi^t probably a cor*^ 
ruption of dash, to atrike against with violence. 

DeaUi eame drrrS&cafter» and aU to dnst iMWileif 
Rings and kaysera, knightet and popes. 

p. Pf.owii4ii*8 Vu* 
If I fo to him with my anned fist, lllpttah. )iim orer the ftce. 

* Troi. and -Cum. 

Pabsagb, a game at dice, played by two persona 
using three dice« 


I ba«« Ini ft ttMiy k«B4 Dhm tflMB 7M» 
At MIOk M«rt fMWVt tfttli tlvw <U«. 

O. t, WOVSy, BlWAElf WOSBK. 

PassiomatKi played apon by grief, and not as io 
it» oKKlern tente^ incliiied to anger. 

She is Md and poMtofMte iar your bigluMM^ teat. 

X* Jovir. 

PAaav MBASURE (a corruption of the Italian passa- 
mazao), * stately dance in tbe tine of Queen 

After A jMMiy wkoasun and a paviA, t kftto a dnrnken toftit* 

Twatrra Ni«bt. 

Patoh. This word ii deduced by Home Tooke firom 
the S. pmcan, to deceive by ftlae appearances ; 
this seems disputable; it is more probably called 
so from the party coloured dress of the domestic 
fool, a simpleton or fool being so called, though it 
afterwards became an appellation for a low or 
mean person. 

Man is but a jm^S'tf IbOL 

liiQSt Kien^ n«u». 

A crew otpatehet, rude ineeliaiiica]g« 

Patine (L. paiina), a plate; that which covers the 
chalice used at mass is so called, and generally 
made of gold or silver gilt. 

l<o0lL kow Ike Soflir 9f hvayes^ 
Is tmck inlaid with ^«t«W of bright fidlil. 

Mi^aCH. ov VxNiCB. 

Paul's, St. The old cathedral of St. Paul's was a 
public walk, the resort of dissolute servingmen, 
ebeaits, and other idle and di^ocderiy penons; its 
precincts w^re privileged from arrests. 


of a wife in Westmintter, a aoTant in Pa»ii% or alio^ in 8initli« 
Add, laait he cbaie a qiMtaib a k»Kf«b or a |Mle* 

Choics or CsAifos. 

Ctat t&ee a gfay doak and lud. 

And walk in Pmtt avoac^ CM^I>^«r^ i 

O. P. Ram Allbt. 

Pavadb, a sword or dagg^er. 

Aye hj his bdte he wore a VxagpoMde, 

CHAV^na's lfu.LBa*a Tals. 

Pavin (E. pmwui), a gcaye and nujestic Spanish 

Yoor Spanlih jNMjn is fhe best dance. 

B. Jonsok's Alcbtmibt. 

Pavonb (It. fkwone), the peacock. 

More sundry oolenrs than Ike prond ^ a a s w 
Bears in her boasted fsn. 

Pawtenbr (O. F. pautonmer), an insoleint an low 

I will assay tbtApawiener; 

WMh mync aas 1 aphal hfn^lhv*. . 

itOM. OF |UCB. Cava sa Lioir. 

Pax (L. fiix), a little image of Christ, which/ hefore 
the RefounatioAy was presented hy the priest to 
b^ kissed by the coDgregatioo, aftef the service 
ended, the eereaiony being considered the kiss of 

Kiss the jpax, and be patient like your other neighbours. 

O. P. May Day. 

Paynxm (O. F. Paienim^), a Heathen or Pagan; 
the country of the Paganii is sometimes so Called. 

BefeU that, a mrtjie stedf 
Outraycd firo a Pfsfm'm. 

Row. w Rfcv. Ottum as Lrov. 

Thejr were ready for to-wende. 

As palo&ers were in Pet^nim, 


860 ▲ GLOSSARfAL Atip 

PATt (P. ffoix), pitch* This u a wtty old word in 
the English Ungiiago; tbo old proYorb, '' the 
devil to fktj/ and no pitch hot/' oonveys its mean- 
ing: to pajf a ship« is to lay a eoat of pitch over the 

8om with papi WM fljonit. 
(f, f. taxmtOKilirtTeUod, by hot pitch beinir thrown upon tiiem.) 

Rom. of K. Ai.isauiiors. 

Paytrel (F. ptntraUe}, a pieea ef amour coveriDj; 
the breast of a horse. 

Above the pa^trett stode thd Come f ca hie. 
He wu of fome as flacked m a pie. 

Chadcbk's Cbanhovb Ybo. Tali. 

P£AT (F. ftiil)^ a term of Midearment, spoken ge- 
nerally of a favourite child, now called a pet. 

Ilifliki must my pNtty jMie< be fui'd apd ^oaeVd. 

O. P. W114T "You Will. 
6od*s my life, yon are a jmo/ indeedl 

O. P. Eastward Hok. 

Pedlkrs' French, a term applied to any rude or 
unintelligible jargon, or the cant or slang of gip- 
sies or other vagrants.' 

Besides, as I si^pose, fheir laws they pe&'d 
lA their old jM^ters* ^ysMsA. 


I'll fiTO a schoolmaster half a crown a week to teach me this 
pedlera* French. 

O. P. Thb RoXKiHtt €^M. 

Peevish. In Shakspeare and other early dramatic 
authors, this word in general denoted folly, and 
not in the sense it is now understood. 

To learn to pater to make mepev^ue. 

O. M. OT HrcKi Sgornbr. 

Why, what a j>Me<i4 fool was that of (^rete. 

8 Part K. Urns. yi. 

Parents, in these days, are grown peevUh. 



Pso A Ramsst, a fiili^ftr old songr^ « copy of which 
is inserted in />* C^r/iy'« Pi^ to l^lrg9 M«biieJM 

Twatfva KiMir. 

Puss (F. fiicr), to weigh or balance. 

. AU the WR»st tint be tilcrcis ooold to7 

Nos *tlf more Ufbtttun any lialteiUl09 ^ 

Yow iMnd ehall jieiw tt. 


Pelt (F. peUe), a shield or buckler^ so called from 
its being made of a hide or sldn. 

Under the ccmdoet of Demetia't prince, 

Meidi twleetinee ttioeseiid, srmed wKh jMlIt ead gialvee. 

O. P. FviMVt Tnons. 

PiiTiNG (Ten. palt, a rag), sorry^ worthless, mean^ 
paltry. • 

Uke to % teneiQient or jMfMv fl^RB* 

K. Rich. it. ' 

Ctoo4 drink Bielow toe* Mood, and rt^nyf fi tyiporteiq^ It 

O. P. Am CAMfAMn, 

Pbndics (It.), a covering in the shape of a sloping 

And o'er Hieir Kends an iron jwitffl e^aet 
Tliey built, bf joining many a diield and tvge^ 

PAiavAz'0 Tasio. 

PxNiBLX (P.), painful, laborious. 

My spirit hath bis ftMt*rinf in the Bible, 
My bodk is ale 10 redy and ^aiiMr. 

CBAucaa's Sohvhoub's Taei^ 

Perdurabls (P.), lasting, long eontnraed. 

O p e Hk Krn^ diamei left itab oanetreB. 

■ * 

Periapt (O. V,periapte)f an amulet or charm, eom-t 
posed of medicines, hung about the body as a 
preservative against disease* 



1 Faet K. Hsjr. Tt. 

PnuAVirr (F.fenoir), pierdng. 

Now tttt I'flwiprt Mid vBwv^ lodtfolsr 
WlthjMrt^imt ftranflt of your cjfv doe. 

Pbstlk of pork, a leg of pork, so ealled from its 
shape being like a peatel, a short blodgeon, fer- 
meily carried by seijeants at maoe and sheriib' 
officers, when in the exercise of their profession; 

' both deritred from O. F. pestaU, an instrument for 
beating things in ^ mortar. 

mtfa abaviac you ■MMfflLB %pmUi ff jmtIw* 

O. P. Damon avs Pttbias* 

I loner to meet a seijeaiit in fliis humour,— I wovU try wlictlier 

O. p. Mat Bat. 

Petard (\i. petardo), a warlike engine, charged 
with combustibles and applied to bpeak down 
walls, gates, &c. of fortified places. 

Hie eoqjQgftl p«larci; tbat tears 
Down all portcnUisei of ean. 


Peter be mesne, a Spanish wine, sometimes called 
Peter se mee, ireqnently mentioned in the old 

P0#0r-«ee-flfe sImB wadi ftcf nowl. 

O.P. Taa Spajtum Oxrtr. 

AfolOe of Ocatk winoi a potlli ciPe<grfam «af» te. 

O. P. Turn HoNssT Waoasa 

Petronel (F. petrinal), a handgun, used by horse 
* soldiers. 

Instead of ahield« the blow receiT'A. 


Psw-VE^ow (from pew waif Mow}, one who lits 
in the same pew with anothir; figmiml^f, a 
companioQ, or oao ^MigHgei is sonie diflBcalty or 
uo^ertakii^ with another. 

And makes her pew-feUow with others 

&• Rich. hi. 

PassRS. See " Fere/' 

Ph£E8E (F.fesaer), to whip or beat with rods; to 
flog the breech. 

An he be proud wifli me* 111 jiAeete his pride. 

Tboi. Alls Cans* 

Phrampel. See '' Frampold.'' It appears that it 
is used rather in the sense of mettlesome, in th^ 
following^ quotation. 

Are we fitted with food ySiiiwjpgr jidee t (I. t . honei.) 

O. F. Tbb ReAJune Girl. 

PiooADiLLE (F.), formerly, the high collar of a coat 
or doublet. 

Retdy to east at one whose band iRs ni, 
Aad UienleaiimaA oa a neat in'ccailMik 

PieKED (F pifue), finically smart, or spruce in 

Tis sncfh ajifoXrecf fdlow. not alkahti 
About his whole bulk but it stands in print. 

O. P« All Foom. 

PiOKT HATCH. This was a cant word, in the time of 
Queen Elizabeth, for a part of the towft, supposed 
to be Tummill Street, Clerkenwell, then noted for 
bouses of ill fame. To go to the manor of pickt 
hatch, was said of persons fi<eqQenting.the brothels 
■■ there. The term was deriveNl from the hatch or 
half door, iu houses of thisc descrifrtion^ being 


364 A CLOSSAtUL Aim 

guarded witb iron q[>ike8j u tbe hoiUM.of dieriiBi^ 
ofioen are at this time. 

Set BOBc jpidkt qpoB TOW Aaidk. nd I inr iniBM to kacf a 
bawdy bome. 

PiCQUiER (lUpiecare), to rob, plander^ or pillage; 
to durmisb prerious to a fray. 

Vo Booner ccmld a hint ■jptir> 
But np he stirteA to jrf0ffafff«r. 


PilD (F. pte), spotted or variegated. 

Wheat iMBiMpM, aad vieletB bhiet 

hoifm*m Lam* Uitf* 

^^ » 

PiEL'D (L.pUatua), ihkven, baldi from wbenco peeli 
to take off the skin, is derived. 

JNiPif iriMl^ dottthoa eoBBnaad at to bt fhik o«ir 

I Fast S. Bbv*. n» 

PiB PowDBR, a court of summary Jiistioe« bel(} in 


ftiirs, to settle disputes between the persons re* 
sorting there. The etymology is doabtful, but 
Blackstone derives it from pied puldreau^, a petty 

Bare its proceedings diflsUow*d« or 
AUow'd at ftuncj of Fie-powder, 


PiGSNEY (S. piga), a term of endearment, applied 
to a female. 

Shewasaprimerole, a^HiKrtfmi;. 

CiAOcaa's Millsr's Tjllb* 

Misa, mine own j^ftnitf, tiion fhattheare news of Dametas. 

Sia P. SzDKBT'fl AacABU. 

PitOHK (S. pylche), anciently, a dress or mantle 
. made of skins; the term is still in use to denote 
part of the nursery dress of an infant. 


Horklrtte, IwrjMMtf or flroriM^ 

1t<^ keitUefr of sUk, hor smock, of line. (I. «. Unen.) 

A*«. •»*■«# tetii)i fltosi*. 

Pile (h.pUum), tlw beMi of ui Mrrow» , . 

Hie jiife WIS Of a'ftaM <t*f ttarftfe. ' 

. DHATTOir. 

Pill (F. |)iQ«r)^ to fleece, rob, pluhdor, or pillage. 

The commoiiilialb h^piWd witli fpAtmm taxes. 

K. Rica. n. 

Pillow bkrk (S.) a cover or case for> pillow. 

- iniriBlii8flMle1iidke*^til^i«r0, 
Which, M IM saM, WM our ladle's Telle. 

Cbaucbk's p. to PABDdinB*tf Tau. 

PiMBNT (L. pigmenium), a drink made with wine^ 
mixed with honey and sfsiices. 

And dtonke wine and eke nrMMM/. 


Ve let therefore to drink elanrie, 
Or/ifaMMl xBoked firedi and new. 

Chaucsr's Rom. or thb Rosb. 

Pith (S. pytha), the marrow of plants ; but figura- 
tively, strength, energy, or power, whet&er men- 
tal or corporeal. 

Yet she, with j9J/Ay words and coimsel sad, 
Stm 8tro?e tlMlr enddi ng«B to retoku. 


And enterpHzes of great jvi/A and moment. 

Placket (So. Qoth.ptegg), a petticoat. 

yon taigltt have (Indi'd a pUtket, It watf senscOestf. 

K* Lbab. 

Plain soNGf. See "Prick Song.** 
Planch (P. pl(incher)^ to cover with boards, to 

Rnt the next vemedf , in soeh a ease and ha^ 
Is to plauncht on a piece as brode as my dgp. 

• "O, P. Gam* Ovrton's Kbbdlb. 



And to tilt Tiftqranl ii « jitaMdM |«te« 

PtAT (So. Gotb. platt), plain, open, witbont dis^ 
^se; flat, to tignify downright, is still used, and 
is probably a oorraptlon. 

ABd Airtliaman X wiU ten thee •n^M* 
Ibat TCBCMiiM iha)! not fut fro this lUNiae. 


A^>^ ^bLJ&* — *-* mm tim **- »- ^bmM^m 


ijnmAsrm'B Hist. Tvbbm.- 

Pliaoh (F. fdu$er), to interweavo brandies of trees 

TlM pviBM and eoint* irilUaff la ft thick jvfeodM tiler* 

Much Alio abovt N«ntt>«. 

Plus (V.pKer), to bend. 

Tjmimes whoie hortai no pitee 

Hay to no point of mercj pKe. 

Gownfto Ooir. Am. 

tt wold nXtta brut in two fhaii jNfe. 

Cmavcbe's C. or Ozbnvobd'i Talb. 

Plowmbll, a wooden hammer, formerly fixed to a 

Hie chctven ettiphwmtftt. 
And ^e sehadow of a beU. 

Tbb TOVBBAVBirr ov Ton«WBAM. 

Plymouth cloak, a cane or walking* staff. Tbe 
origin of the phrase is, that persons coming from 
long Toyages, and landing at Plymouth, Are gene« 
rally short of apparel, and, having no cloak, provide 
themselves with a walking stick; for it is the cos* 
torn to walk with a stick when dresi only in eaerpo, 
but not so if provided with a cloak* 

Shall I walk ia a P^ItmokM e20aJfc^ like a rofoe la iBjr Iioee aad 
doublet, and a cnb tree cudgel in my band i 

O. P. Tu HeiTMr WaoBBf s Pabc 


Point pbvise (F.jwmefand devisS), a deyice or 
pattern worked with a needle; but figarativelv^ 
great nicety or exactness in any person or thing** 

I hate such liiiMdatole uidjMM lieejM Gompaoigns. 

Lon'g Lam, Losv. 

You are rattier ^ein^ 4Mm ia ymv aeeontremeiits. 

As Tou Lisa It. 

PoiNTEL {F.poifUiUe), a style or pencil for writing. 

A paire of tAies an of irerie. 
And a p»M9l poUsh'd fetouly. 

Points, tags made to fasten ap or keep together 
the apparel, prei^ions to the introdnetion of but- 
tons ; those worn by the higher classses were of 
silk ; and it appears by an act of K. Hen. VUI. no 
man und^ the rank of a gentleman was to have 
his points ornamented with aiglets of gold or silyer. 

To flatter Caaar, would iron min^ eyea 

With one tbat ties lilapoifift/ 

Aimif Am C&Bov. • 

Poking sticks. These articles, made of steel, 'were 
used by laundresses in plaiting the iuhiomble 
ruffs wovtt in the time of Queen Elitabeth. 

Your raJr aust stand In print, and liar tiMit piafpoae» cat 
jMXrAf ffidkt with ftir Icms handles. 

O. P. MLWtf MAsnn Ooxaviau. 

PoLT FOOT, a distorted foot. 

Ihen llioa art aftKd; Ibr my ddest son had hpoii/bot, 

O. P. Thb HoinsT Waou. 

PoMANDBR (F. jMNmiie fComire), a perfumed ball, 
formerly carried in the pocket, worn about the 
neck, or suspended to a string from the girdle^ as 
a guard against infectious diseases. 


A ffoodprnuider, » iiWe 4ecitd in <fae i 

O. P. Thb Malcontsmt. 

PoMEWATER, t species of apple, particalariy juicy. 

XiOtb's Lab. Lotr. 

PoMPAL (F. pampe), pompous, ostentatious. 

My jPMipaf itato and all mf foods. 

0«B. K. Lbab Axm His Davmrbbi. 

PoMSNT (Itpmmie)^ western. 

Forth niihM ttM Lonnt and tlw ^MMB* wiDdB. 

Pab. Lost. 

Pooft John, a fish, called bake, dried and salted, 
from Pauvre Jean, the French name for this fish. 

Terilf lie looka m fMUUDr » J'Mr JMb. 

O. p. AHT. Airs MBU.IDA. 

I keep fhem under with red hening and P^or Mm an Oie year rmmd. 

O. P. avmnna* Labt Wua. 

PopBLOTK {V.popdin), a term of endearment to a 
woman, a darling. 

So fay tkpcpeloU or so gay a wench. 

Chaucbb'^i Millbb's Talk. 

Popinjay (F.papefay). This bird is said by Dr. 
Johnson and others to be a parrot, but Chancer 
mentions it as a singing bird ; it seems doubtful 
what sort of bird was meant by the term, but it 
had a gaudy plumage, and the word was generally 
used to signify a trifler or fop. 

Now let us turn afain to January, .'. 
That in the garden with his ftdre Maie. 
Singetfa merrier than Vne p o pfrngr Hf. 

Chaucbb's Mbrcbant^s Talb. 

T» he so pestered hy a ^ ipl nlur ; . 
Answer'd neglecting^, I know not what. 
' ■ ■ ■ -i Pabt X. Rbn. it. 

PoRTANCK (V. porter), carriage, air, mien^ external 

£TyM0t6Gr€ilL BtCnOKART* S69 

HiB jN»r«(NmM tneiUCf «ul itatare till. 

Spxnsmi's F. QvsBir* 

Port canon, a soft 6f boot, or rather boot top, 
covering the Ineeift, imported whh other fopperies 
from France, in the sixteenth century, called canons 
de ehausses. 

He waOa in YABpoH ewMa, VkM ome fhat stalks in long grass. 

Bvn.nR*l RnnADrt* 

PoRTOSE, a word of doubtful derivation, probably 
from F« forieB touB, from being easily carried ; a 
breviary or mass book. It is spelt in various ways 
by old authors ; as> portas, portns, porthose, be 

tut nitt seo ywspfinWt gsntle sir Jokn* 

O. M. Lwn JvvimTtfi* 
%y^ with thii jMf/Mi X wiU tettro thy bMUto. 

Oi I* Til MlW OVfTSMIt 

Potx (8. gepoii), a rheum or defluzion of humour 
from the nose. 

— Ht ipriMtb thveosliIlM asif» 
Ai lis wort OB flw 4Mkks or oa Um jiMf . 

daAfcSA'f R8TS*|i TAia* 
A. litlle ilitiiBi or WMSr Iib i«M*fc*«i i*«^<«* bal % hanAcidilcf* 


P08NET (F. has9me(), a little basin or porringer. 

Tt1iwiakriteH,HM, jn w Mr> xioa, 

To make tb«ni ponidge wtUioQitnmttoii. • 

CofTOH '0 Vftwr. TiUT. 

Posset (L. polus), milk turned into curds witfi wine 
or ale, and drank warm ; it was anciently a custom 
to take a potation of this Idnd previous to re^rlpig 
to rest for the night 

■ I'TOdyuggoAttioUfjwfts/tb 
TbatdMtli and aatort 4o contend about than. 

My daoglittr Kdl shall pop «jm«m# opoa tliflotrlien thon 


o. p. K. law. IT, 

370 A Q&OtftABIA£ Ainr 

Post. The sherHlii of London had^ fci old times, a 
post before their doors, upon which it was ens« 
tomary to aflBx proclajnations: thb was one of the 
indications of their office. 

I hope my acquaintance focs in climiiis olgold— 4fa« j»M<f of 
]iii8 fate are a painting too. 

O. P. Ths Hovaa* Whoeb. 

If e'«r I lire to see fhee sheriff of LoBdoa» 
111 gild thjr painted jNMla. 

0» P. VHw WoRBStt. 

Post and pair, an old game at caids, somewhat 
resembling brag. 

If yoa cannot agree on the game, to /NM< MMtiwii'. 

b. P. A WoMAir XtLum with KurnirMs. 

PotTULATX (L,posiulQium), position assumed with- 
out proof. 

I metft bj potMate illation, 
Whoi Ton «httt fiSRv JDife ooMlta. 


PoTOH (F. pocher), to thrust or push 

" 111 potek at him some way, 

Or wnktti ot cnfl may get him* 


FoTECAliT. ,This word is derived from the Spanish 
ioUcario, whieh sigxrifies the shop of a vendor of 
medicine, as distingaished from a travelling em- 
piric. The derivation in Johnson and others from 
the Greek i»polhica, a repository, is iooorvect. The 
flsodem word apothecary is an absurd redundancy, 
and unknown to our ancient writers; from Chaucer 
down to the reign of Queen EUaabetb, and later, 
it was uniformly and correctly spelt potheeary or 

Forth ha coU^ ae lai^er wold he tairy. 
Into the toon unto a potemr^. 


O. M. or BrcKS Scorxib. 
O. P. Ths Fqok P.% 

Potest (low Lai. poieniid)y a crotch or walling 

So was he lean «nd thereto pale and waa» 
And leeble that he walketh by j»o^mI. 

CHAVcaR's Taoi. Ann CsiSi* 

PoTERNER (F. pcmtonniere), a poach or shepherd's 

He phidted out of hii potemtr. 
And longer wvAd not dwells 
He plnoked out a pretty nnntle, 

O. B. Th* Bor Airn ths Mantls. 

F0T8HARE and Potsherd^ pieces of broken tiled 
or pots, from share, to break or divide. 

They hew'd their hehnes, and plates asnnder brake, 

Aa they had jMMkarw bou 

Spsvsbr's F. QuBsir. 

PouKB, a &iry, spirit, or hobgoblin^ wUck Shak* 
s|>eara calls Puck or Robin Goodfellow. 

I «is» Syr Kynge^ aayd Syr g o q i pe, 
I wene that kny^ \ra» a jwtiJre. 

Rom. of Rich. Ccbur dr Lion. 

PouiTTBR (F. peiuhi), ofie who sells fowls uncooked ; 
this is the original and correct way of spelling the 
word The Company of PmUters were incorpo- 
rated by that name by K. Hen. YIII. 

Hang me by the beelsfor a jMrndtfr** bare. 

1 Part K. Brit. it. 
He tieeps • horsebacfc, like tkpuuUer, 

O. P. Tbr Whitb Urtu.. 

PovifCBT BOX (P. feina&nery, a smaH bor^ made 
with open work on the lid, to keep perfume 

And *twizt Mb teger and htii thoBdi 
A jMtmceC H», iffhicfa etcr aaii anon 
He-iRYe his nose. 1 Part K. Urk. it. 

872 .. ▲ OIXMtAftUU.»AMII 

PowoBR. To powder moat, it to salt k to keep U 
from patrehction, a word not yet disused; a 
powdering tub, is a vessel used for pickling- beeC* 
pork, fcc 

If thoa cmk9wa tte to 4»j, ra fire iim leave tB jMipdisr mt* 

mad. oit iM to aionRsiw. 

] Pakv K. Hsn. it. 

PoTNET (JP.fHnnfonnd)^ a little bodkin or puncheon, 
Qsed by ladies at the toilette. 

Women have monj letteS} 

Am, ftontlettet, tjBMbn, pwtkttee, ttid taaoelettiesf 

And ttien tlicir bonettes and tbtSs^e^fnUUt. 

O. P. Tn Four P.*s. 

Prank (Du. pronken), to decorate, dress, oradom. 

Some ^rmAetlicirnift, and odientriBlxdifflit * 

TlMir gay attire. 

Srsmnn'a F. Qoxbn. 

Half pronM with iprinf, witli gammer balfembrawn'd. 

Thomoon'o Gaov. or Umouatew, 

Prbgnant (F. pregnant), ready, witty, dextrous; 
also, in another sense, plain, clear, evident. 

My matter iMth 90 Toice, lady, Imt to YonpregnmiU and 
▼OQchaafed ear. 


BawpngtuuU mwnetimw hlsTepliei ara. . 

A pHAfiregtuuU fellow, *fidtiu 

O. P. Tea Widow's TiAmi. 

Prebt (F. prH), This word is a singular instance 
of the fluctuation of language; in its old sense, it 
denoted to be ready or prepared, and a prestman 
was one ready and willing, for a stipulated consi- 
deration, to march at command: the reverse of this 
is now understood by the word. 

Devise what pastime that ye think beit» 
And make ye sure to dodaie prat* 

O. P. Tju Fovb P.'s. 


And liglkteniiift to sttreliim '. 

We see uiMopreti. 

O. Ybs. 1M Psalk. 

tliex proeeod pret/fy idto the ban. 

O. B. Abam Bsll, te; 

PftSVENT (L. ft'€tvenio), to anticipate or forestall: 
this Latinism'is frequently used by early writers in 
this now obsolete sense of the word. 

Tes» but tliat I amprffwnleiT, 

I dMHild luiTe begf'd I might have beea enqiloirwl. 

i Pabt K. Hbv. Vf i * 

PmoKUfO,. hard riding^; probably a term formerly 
used in hunting*, from prickings, t. e. tracing the 
.steps of the game. A yeoman pricker is still an 
officer attached to the royal hunt. 

A .gentle kn^ht w;^ j^rtclriii^ o*er the pbdA. 

Pricks, the marks placed for shooting in archery ; 
an haftle wand was commonly put up, and called a 
' prickwand. 

Hie «n* tiflM RbMii AQt «t Um priota^ 
He missM en inch it fto. 

O. B. Robin- Rood awd Qtrt or Gisbouvb. 

pRiOK SQNa, a song the hahnony of which was 
written or pricked down^ in eontradistinction to 
the plain song, which, being chiefly confined to 
church music, admitted of no variations. 

I would hBTe aU loren begin and end their prieir <oat witk 


O. Mas. oy Micnocosiivf • 

noektbink I here net learnt mj prick songf 

O. F. Ram A&unr. 

Prime, a word frequently used by early writers to 
signify the fore part of the day ; that is, the first 
quarter after sunrise. 


St 2 ▲ GLOa»AftUU.)AMII 

PowoBR. To powder moat, it to salt it to keeplt 
from patrehctioii, a word not yot disused; « 
powdering tub, is a vessel used for pieklingf beel 
pbrk» fcc 

If thoa cmkowel mt to day, IHi ghre jmileKfetB jMUNbrme. 

mad. oit iM to aionRsiw. 

1 Pakv K. Hsn. it. 

PoTNET (F.j9otfip(mf»el), a little bodkin or puncheoo, 
Qsed by ladies at the toilette. 

Women have monj letteS} 

AMf ftontlottet, iyikttes» pwtkttH, aadfenodettes) 

And ttien tbdr bonettes and tbtSs^e^fnUUt. 

O. P. Tns Fova P.'s. 

Prank (Du. pron^en), to decorate, dress, or adorn. 

Some ^rmAetlicirnift, and odimlriHlrdiglit * 

TlMirKaj attire. 

Snmmn's F. QraiN. 

Half jmm*l with iprinf « vith rammflr balf embrowii'd. 

TaoMaoN** CAfv. or IXBOumeB. 

Prbgnant (F. pregvMfU), ready, witty, dextrous; 
also, in another sense, plain, clear, evident. 

My matter iMth 90 Toioe, ladf, Imt to jomjtngtumt and 
Touduafed ear. 


Bxtwpngtuua mwnetiiBW blsTspliei an. , 

A good jMt^fiHM^ fellow, *MQk, 

O. P. Ths Wisow'a Tbam. 

Prebt (¥.prSt), This word is a singular instance 
of the fluctuation of language; in its old sense, it 
denoted to be ready or prepared, and a prestman 
was one ready and willing, for a stipulated consi- 
deration, to march at command: the reverse of this 
is now understood by the word. 

Devise what pastime that je think best;. 
And make ye sure tododaepreif. 

O. P. Tax FovB P.'s. 

A]idligliteniiig»ti)s«KTeliii«K ', 

' - ' ' ' ' O. Vbs. IM PSALK. 

tliex protteod pret^i^ idto the ban. 

O.B. Ai^AM Bill, kc', 

PftSVENT (L. ptjBtvenid), to anticipate or forestall: 
this Latinismis frequently ns^ by early writers in 
this now obsolete sense of the word. 

Tes» bat that I am prevented. 

I ahoold haye be^^'d I might have baea emppoywl. 

i PABt K. BMW, Vf i * 

Priokino,. hard ridingr; probably a tevm formedy 
used in hanting, from pridking^^ t. e. tracing the 
.steps of the game. A yeoman pricker is still an 
officer attached to the royal hunt. 

A .gentle kniprht w^ j^rtclrifv o*er the plaib. 

Pricks, the marks placed for shooting in archery ; 

an haftle wand was commonly put up, and called a 

' prickw»d. * 

Urn «n* tia0 RBMn AQt at Um jNittM, 
He miss'd an inch it fro. 

O. B. RoBxir Rood Aim Qirt fSr Gisbootb. 

pRiOK BQffQ, a song* the halrmony of which was 
written or pricked down, in eontradistinetion to 
the plain song, whidi, being chiefly confined to 
church music, admitted of no variations. 

I would have aU loTen b«|(in and end their jiriclr MBf wita 


O. Mas. or Micaocosiivf • 

Boat tbink I here net learnt my prick eongf 

O. F. Ram A&unr. 

Prime, a word frequently used by early writers to 
signify the fore: part of the day; that is, the flrsf 
quarter after sunrise; 



no had there no nuui gryQi 
Tin that Oder d%]r at jMiMe. 

Ron. or KiCH. C^vU oi Liov. 

Re foogM «llh fOr JIglMiMwr-tiM kniglit, 
nn the third day atprJMe. 

O. B. 8iE XeuucovK ov M*oft. 

Primero (It. frimiero), a ftshionablegame Rt cards 
in fbe reign of Queen Elizabetlh 

I havenercr pca^per*d ihice I forawore myself afcjn^aMiw. 

M. Wins OF WnrosoB. 

Princoz (TL.pr4ecox)f a spoilt or forward child> a 
* ' boj affecting' the manners and actions of a man. 

Thlnkett thoa I haye no loKi^oe, Indeed] thiakeat tbcMi K> } 
Tea, frincoeket, that I hare ftnr fortie yean ago. 

O. I. TnM ikiw Cimoiis* 

Ton ve a jn-iiiMffi— fo» 

Rom. Asm Jvl. 

Proditor (L. prodit&r), a traitor or betrayer. 


And not protector of ttie Idng or'reaim. 

I Pabt K. Haw. ▼!. 

Profacb, a salutation of welcome, or ^ muck good 
may it do yeu/' often found in old writers, said to 
be derived from the French, but the Italian buon 

. pro vifaceia is much nearer the English phrase. 

I Prpfaee, gentle fentiemcn^ lam aorry I haye no better oatea 

to present you with. 
( Taa Tanmure ov Tnoa. Nasb. 

Proface, how Uk*8t thoa it? 

O. P. TAB Widow's Tbabs. 

Proin j(F. provigner), to prune, lop, cut, or trim. 

' He kembeth him, hefraineth, and he piketh. 

Cbavcbb's Mbbcbant's Talb. 
An honest jN'oiiMr of oar coontry Tinea. 

O. P. Thb Dumb KNianr. 

Proletai^ian (L, proletarius), vulgar, vile, low, 


Portended micchieft fiirther than 
law proletarian tytbing-men, 


PltOLOGTJB. See '' Black Cloak/' 

Proper (JP.propre), handsome^ comely, personabler 

Upon my life, she finde, Alfhoogfa I CMwot, 

M^velf to be a manrellous proper man. 

K. Rien. III. 
lliis LndoTloo ia a proper man. 


Properties, the dresses and other necessaries used 
in a theatre^ the keeper of i^hich is yet stiled the 
property man. 

In tilt mean time I wiU draw tklMoiproperHei, 

M108. NioBT's Dbiax.- 

Black patohee fdr our eyeti and oOxet propettiet, 

OfV. Ammvuxmam* 

Provamd (V.provende), food^ provender. 

Who hare t)ieir provand 

Oply for bearing bnifhena. 

iOl oar jnfwaji/; ^iparel torn to ragSf 

And.oor mnnttfton ftdla Of; 

O. P. Appius Aim VUOINIA* 

Prowe (F.jjTOu), profit, advantage. 

Ai homelr as he rideth aBU>ng yon ; 

If ye knew him, it wold bee for joxaprow, 

Chavcbe's Channons Yxo. Tax.*.. 

Pro WE (F. preuof), brave, valiant; jprotre«f,. tBe 
superlative or most valiant.. 

Where tlaor proof of thy prow TalliiBUice 

Thou then abaU make. 

SPBNSBir*s F. Qvmir; 

The jnwioeg^ knight tiiat ever Held did fight. 


Prunes (stewed). Dishes of stewed prunes were 
kept in brothels, and were thought to be not only 
a cure but a preventative of the diseases contracted 

Ildi it dM thBt Um wiit at tke Ottiiffp^ lor wcbAcs new 

come up to LondoOt tnd yon slutll know ber dwdUnif by a 

disk of «to«Wi(|n'aiiMt in the window. 

Lo90B*s Wit's Misnust. 

Peace! twodiahesoffleKr'if|»nffwt^abawd«Midapwidar. 


Puck foist, a species of fungi, the lycoperdm 
bomgia, round like a ball, and containing a dark 
powder, called also a fuzz ball. The word ia 
used as a term of contempt, and soBietiBief spell 

■ ■ What pride 
Of painper*d blood has monntcd up this pmck/bittf 

O. P. Mors Dimbmsibm naeinng Wosiik. 

Pugging, a cant word supposed to mean tbieying, 
*s pvggard is used by some of the old dramatia 
writers to signify a thief. 

Tlie white sheet Ueaehins on the hedg»— 
Poth let mj pugging tooUi on edge. 

WnmiB's Tax.*. 

Puke (L. pulluB}, a colour between russet and 
blacky now called puce. 

Wilt thou rob this leathern jerkin, efarjrstal button, nott pated, 

agat ring, puke stocking, &c. 

1 Part K. Hsn. it. 

Puling (F. fiavler), in a whimpering or whining 

To speak pttttng, like a beggas. 

Two GavTS. OP Vseoita. 

PuLLAiN (O. F. p%dain)y poultry. 

— — A liaise theefe. 
That came, like a foze, mypullain to Idl. 

O. P. Gam. Gurton*8 Nsssl%. 

PuLPATOON {(torn L. pulpamerUum}, delicacies. 

I then sent forth a fresh supply of rabbits. 
Pheasants, &c. with • FWnch troop of pMfpMfoofi^ 


O. Mas., or MiCROcoaaiirs.. 


PtMT. iThe small round stones found at tlie bottom 
or on the bank of shallow streams are, in several 
counties, called pumy stones, probably derived 
from the F. pomtneau, a round knob, from whence 
pomey denotes a round ball in heraldry. Dr. John- 

. son, not being able to find the word in the old 
glossaries, arbitrarily changed it to pumice stone, 
and defined it to be the cinder of a fossil^ his own 
quotation from The Shepherd'^ Calendar, might 
have convinced him that he was wrong, both in 
the word and its definition. Todd has left it with- 
out further illustration. ' 

And taaX beside there trickled sofEIy d6¥nie 

A g:entle streme, vrhose munauring: wave did play 

Smong iherpnmff stoneiv • 

Spknsbr's F. Qitbin. 

So long I sKbt, Uiat a&'tvtfs spent, 

ThejEwmte stones Ihastty hent, 

AMithrew; &c. 

SpxN8sa*8 Shbp, Cjll. 

FuNESE (F. punaise), the house bug. 

His flea, his morpion, and punese. 


Purchase (O. F. purchaser), a term in law, sig- 
nifying acquired property, in contradistinction to 
that descended or inherited ; it was also a cant term 
for stolen goods. 

Of nightly stealths and pillage several. 

Which he had got abroad by purchase ci^minal. 

SPBNSBa's F. QvBbk. 
For what in me was purehafed, . 
Falls upon thee in a more fairer sort. 

2 Part K. Hbn. jt.- 


S78 A d&MSARUrt MWm ' 

PvRVLS (F. paurJUer), to ornameiit with needle*' 
work^ to embroider. 

I mrliis slecTo, jwi:^ St the htMt 

Obaucbe's Mdmnt Tau. 

or rdd their jiM^lNlVM^ 

Wtil •iMip'd, M^ STXiuiietrj of ttmb oovtesM. 

£A.r or Sift LAirrAL.- 

Purlieu (F.), under the old feiest laws, was » 
piece of g7t>ond« near a forest, which was exempt 
from the forest laws, by Hen. III. by perambola' 
tion, whereby the part so exempt was disaiTorested, 
and called pour allee, from whence pmrliea is de-^ 

Where, in ihepurlieut of thif fisMl^ ftfeods 
A sheep cote, fenc'd about witii oUre toees.- 

As Yov LxKi It. 

PuRSENET (from })i/r«e and 9ief)y a ptirse, the mootb 
of which is drawn close by a string*. 

Tliose two conies will we ferret into fh^purfenet. 

f • P. Tbb HoNxer WHoair 

PxjRTEKAKCE (L. perttneo), the pluck or intestines 
of an animal. 

Bnty for this time, I will only handle the head Kadputfefumee, 

O. P. UlDAM* 

Onie shaft againtt a rib did fflxact. 
And gall'd him in the purtenance. 


Push (L. puatuld), a pimple or eruption. 

His face was like the ten of diamonds. 
Pointed each way with pusket. 

O. P. llffONS. D'OtXTS. 

PuTEYN (F. putain), a harlot. This word, as well 
as harlot, was anciently applied both to male and 

Otrajytour! fye! %.pu^»i 
Whj had thy wife be me lain 1 

Bom, or tub Scrsir Saobs. 

PVTTOCK (L. buteoy^ a species of degeaerate bawk^. 
a bazzard. 

Some, like putteeki, aU in plnmes amyed. 

Spsnsxb'i F. Q(raaif»^ 
— I chose an eagle. 

And did avoid ttptUtoeh, 


Quail (Teu.ftiel«n)» to faint or languisb, to be de-r 

■ Yet did he nertr quoH, 

Kebaokwaad shiink. 

SpsNsaa'S F. Qvbxn. 

And let not saardi and inqoisition quail, 
To hiiaf agafii (bese foolish fonaiwaja. 

As YotJ Lisa Ir. 

Quart d'jeotj. See '^ Cardicue.'* 

QuAT, a pustule or pimple,, whicb Shakspeare ap-^ 

plies, by a figure of lang'uage, to Roderigpo, as air 

irritable person. 

I* hare rubyd this yosmfffuat abnoat to the tense, 

Atod he growB angry. 


Quean (S. ctDen), a girl or woman, not originally 
used in a bad sense, though now understood to be* 
a female of 16ose and debauched manners. 

A witch, a quean, an old coaenlng quean. 

M. WiTBS ov .Wiirnso V 

QuEARE (O. F. cayer), a book or quantity of paper 
folded> from faence the modern word quire. 

880 A ^IMlAftlilL Atm ■• 

To eutte the wintarniglit uii nCke it short, 
I tooke a queare and left a& other sport. 


Queasy, a word of uncertain derivationi but denof- 
iug sickness or nausea. 

And the7 did fight with fueaaineu constralxnd. 

As men drink potions. 

2 Part K. Hxjt. it. 

QuEi> (Ten. quad)y harm, evil, wickedness, mis- 
chief. A man who goes to prison is said, in the 
jtosent day, *^ to go to quad/* 

And the cross ttiat CSirist was on ded. 
That brought in all fro the fued, 

RoM. OP Rich. Coevk dx laoH^ 

Horthoa, thott tniitor, Shalt me lead 
To thy doke that is fuXkotfuede, 

O. B. Gut or "WAMWidt^ 

QuEicH, a thick or busby copse; ^ictcft, a« applied 
to a hedge, is derived from this word, as being a 
fence made with living plants. See " Quick.'' 

Yet where (behind some quHeh) 

He breaks his gall and rutteth with his hind. 

6. F. Bvssr n'AjiBOiSii' ' 

QuEiNT (S. cutentany, extinguished, quenched. 

Where, as it cometh, the fire is queint, 

GbwER's Coir. Ax; 
That* other fire was queinte, 


Quell (S, cwellany, to murder,, kill, or destroy; 
murderers were anciently called manquellers. 

His spongy officers, who shall bear the gnilt of our great quell, 


A man qtteller and a woman qtteller, 

2 Part K. Hen. it. 

QvEME (S. eweMdn), to please. 

The steward took right good yeme 
To serye, l^iiig Richard to queme. 

ROM. OF Rich. CcBVBiia lium^ 


Somwel me qnem^h, 

GoirxE*B Cov. Am. 

Quern (S. cweom), a hand mill. ^ 

But now is he jmt in prison in a cave^ 
Where, as they made him at a qtteme gria^. 

CHAuesR*s MoNxxt PaoL. 

QuERPo (Sp. cuerpo), a waistcoat or dress closel]^ 
adhering to ' the body; figuratively, unprepared^ 

£3cpo8*d in gveiTTP to their rage, 
Without iny arms and equipage. 


QuxsT (F. queaie), a search, inquiry, or examina- 
tioA ; qmsiamJt ii an inquirer or searcher. 

The senate hath teat about three tercral putU 
To seareh you out. 


Quick (8. ctrte), to stk of h» alive, benoe the old 
terms the quidt and tbe dead. 

With a strong yron chain and coller hound, . 
Thsyt once he could not move, nor quiick at idl. 

Spbnsse's F. Qvxsif. 

Quiddity (\oyflj2X.quiddita8), a subtilty, a shrewd 
or captious question; also a scholastic , teri^, ah 
answer to the question quH ea^? 4 metaphysical 
abstraction, the essence or being of a thing. 

How now, mad wag ? jpba4 at thy quips and thy qmddUieMf 

1 Pabt K. H«n. iy. 
Where entity and quiddit^f 
11>e gheets of diefonct bodies 4j« 


QuiLLKT (L. quidlibei), a subtle nicety or petty 
artifice, generally applied to law chicane; hence 
quibble is derived. Warburton^s derivation of 
the wotrd from the Freuch f^'il est, 1$ fviciAiI; 

and Peck's suggestion in his Critical Notes on 
Skakspeare's Phps, is altogether erroneous. 

B«t in these nice aliarp qvUiei» of ttie law* 
Good ftdth, I am no wiier tluui « dsw. 

s Part K. Hkk. rt. 
Oh I some MtOiority how to proceed; 
Borne trick i e o ni e qmOUtrhow to 6heat the deril. 

Quintain, an ancient game, said to be derived from 
the British gwyniyn, a vane An upright post 
was ffxed to the ground, havrng at the top a move- 
able figure of a man, holding a shield, and some* 
times a plain board, and at the other end a heavy 
sand bag; the player rode or run at full speed, 
and attempted to strike the figure or board, which, 
if not done dexterously, he was struck and over^ 
throwa by a blow (Wmi the sand bagv 

And that which here ttands up 

l8 a mere qulniahi. 

As You Liii It. 

At thej at tilts, bo we at quinMn run. 

Ranoolfh*8 Posms» 

Quip (Br ewip), a biting sarcasm, a gibe or jeer. 

And notwithstanding' an her sadden quips, 
Ihe least whereof would quell a IcnreS's hope. 

Two Gbnts. of Vxkoma. 
Quipt and cranks and wanton wiles-. 

Milton's i,*Ai.z.s«ao. 

QuoiF (F. coeffe), a cap or hood^ worn as a covering 
for the head. 

Golden gito^es and stomachers* 
. , . Wiamsa's Taue.. 

- Hence, thon sickly quoif. 

l^ott art a STQArd too wanton^ the head. 
^ ^ 2 Part K. Hsn. it.. 

duom. See '' Goigne.'' 


RaBATO (F.yoiot), to reduce or bring* doWD> a word 
applied to the ruff or folded deim collar of a«lnrt 
or shift. 

Trofb, I think your other rabato were better. 

Much Ado about Kothibto. 

Ihat rebaio becomes thee ringnlarly, 

B. JoNgON'8 Ctnthia'8 Rktbm. 

Ragh (S. raec), a dog used in hunting. 

The fairest that was in all that loDde, 
With alaontee, Ijineris, and raehia free. 

Rack .(Belg^ rakke), the track in which the icloikls 

We often see against some stom 

A silence in the heaven, the rack stand still. 

— - The doubtful rack of heaven 

Stands without motion, and the tide undriven. 


Ragerie (F. r€^e), wantonness, lasciviousness. 

And I was yonge and full of rngerie, 

CHAVcia's W»FS or Bath*8 Pro« 

Women ben fbll oi ragerie. 
Yet swinken not sans secresie. 

PePB*s Im. or Chaucbr, 

Raieix. See ^'Araied" 

Raile ^O. F. raier)^ to flow in a stream. 

Large floods of blood adowne their sides dM raOe. 


Tlie poi^e drops downe railed, 


Rake. This word is unquestionably derived from 
the S. ToeCf a hunting dog, probably a species of 
greyhound^ and hence tbQ term " a» lean om a 


rake'* had reference to the spare body of that ani- 
mal. Johnson^ without aathority, supposes nkt 

to mean a cur dog ; and Steevens ludicrously sop- 
poses the proverb to owe its origia to the imple- 
ment used in making hay* 

Aslene was his hon m is a mire. , 

Cbavosr's Pro. tq CAltTi Ta&BB. 

His bodj lean and mmgn as a rs*e. 

Spivsaa's P. Qumnvt 
Am leane as rake tn etvrjr rlb< 

Cbdrchtau>*s Disc, ok Man^s Lm. 

Rakel, hasty, rash, inconsiderate ; a word sig^S^in; 
the same as reMess, careless ; the S. regol, denot- 
ing rule or order, and rekeles (as it is sometimes 
spelt), the contrary. 

For every wight that has a house to found. 
He rennefh nat the work for to beginiHi 
With rakel honde. 

Chaucer's Troi. aKd Crkss* 

O ! rakei hoiide» to do so foule amis. 

Chavobr's Maivciplb's Talk. 

Ramage (O. F.), literally, the boughs or branches 
of trees ; but figuratively, rude^ wild^ shy, savage. 

He is not wise ne sage, 

No more than is a gote ramage, 

Chavgrr's Rom. or thb Ross* 

Ramp (S. rempen), to leap, springs or paw, as an 

unruly animal; as a substantive, it denoted a rude 
and boisterous female. 

Whan she comes home, she rampeth in my £ftce» 
And crieth, false coward, wreke thy wife ! 

Chaucer's Mohtkbs Pro. 

Iliesi foming tarre, their hridles they would cha^ip. 
And, trampling the fine dement, would fiercely ran^, 

Spbnsbr** F. Qusur. 

' Nay; fy on thee, fhou rampe, thou ryg. 

0» P. GAMk Ouitroit's NxmDu. 

RAMPAtLiAN^ a term of volgar abase, of^no definite 

Awajf joa BcolUoBl yoa rampo/lian/ yon fuitiiaiHan! 

9 Part K/iUK. vt, 

*Tifl not your lanssa^ face, thick clouted cream raN^polliM 
-ftt home, that snuffles in the nose. 

O. P. 6ajunni*8 Tu Qv^girB* 

Rangk (S,), violenjlyjfiercely. 

^ ^lM seely nMU(i,.seefaif him ryde so roMcXre 
Andaym^athlp^, feUflattofroiHul*. , ■ i 

SpBN8BR*S f. QvBBir, 

Randon (f!« roncfonner), to run swiftly^ to go witlt- 
.outstop Of i:estramt . * . .')..'! 

Voide of such stayes as In your life do lye, • t 

§haU leave then free to rafulofi. 

O. p!, Fsrrbz i^ PoRBmiK 

Rap (L. rapio)^ to strike, yritl^ extasy oramasesieiitf 
to affect with raptnre or astonish. 

' 'What, dear sir. 

Thus rapt you?— are you well* 

You nip me stiU a-new. 

' » 0fc;P/ Tiw. WiTi* . ; 
Rascal (S.)^ filean heasl^ but,n^9i;e partic^lajdy/s 
. lean deer. 

The noblest deer hath thrai (i. e. horns) as huge as the ratcnl. 

'" Wyou tfxB It. 
If we be Xn^iiAh deer, be then in blood, 
Not rofcu/like,. to lUl down with a pinch. 

^ • 1 Part K. Bss. ti. 

Rash (It. roscsfciore), to cot, slice, or tUitide; a 
slice of bacon is still called ^h^rashet'. 

And thKOufli the thickett, Jike a^ion* flew, 
MMhing.QS hefepses, and ryying plates asonder. 

Sfvnsxr's F. QOISM. 

Rath (S. ra^A),' early, soon, betimes. . 

What, Absoton, what, for Christes swete tre, 



S8i A GLestAmiAL AMB 

Mii/roN't Ltcivm*. 

Raught (the participle passive of the 8. rircon), 
to reach. 

Hut nu^ki ttsiiouiitidiift with ontRfetdMd inM* 

S Pabt K. Hsir. Ti. 

— — — ShcrmfJKtliecMM^ 
Aad with her own fwwt kMA ilM g«fe it Mt. 

Ratin (S. reo/Eofi), to eat Toraeioiisly or greedily. 

like rati that rMto down HuiKpuf&t bMie^ 

Rat (P. raie), to streak with linet; to VMvk with 

And the deaii wtvvt wHh pufiit fon 414 n^r. 

SriMSBft'ff F. QuBxv. 

Rbwo (8. re(le)« coansel, adTioe, instraetion. 

Wen* if )PM wn h« QffdMv^anA 4o hr Mr '•■'•• 

O. p. Gam. GvftTON't Nbkdi.b. 

Hisnielf the primrose p«tt& of daUianoe treads. 

AMiYeeka sot hia own rtod. 


Rebato. See ^'Rabato." 

Hebkok (F. rekec), a masieal instrmneiit, haying 

only three strings and played with a bow as the 

modem fiddle. 

When the nenry Mb rkif M«nd» 

And the )oe«ad Mififtt eooMl. 

Miltom's L'Aixnoae. 

RsoHBAT (F. recety, a flovrish on the hmitiDf horn 
to call the dogs from the scent. 

I wtthnvo a fveScdl whided In nny tetiMail. 

lioai Ano asoot Kormre. 

Reck (S. reean), to care, heed, or mind. See 
" Rakel." 

I rtek not thouffh J end miiflUtto day. 

Tnoi. AN» CnxM. 


Recoedki^, h wind uuntrumenty hnviog' fiix.ltole& of 
a less bore than a flute, approacbiog' nearly to the 
tone of the modern flageolet. 

He bath play'd on this prokj^ue like a child «pon a rceerfer. 


Recurs (F. recarer), to recover or regain; it more 
particularly denotes to recover from disease or over 

-— r— - UmI I Biy not attalne 
4Ueire to find «f Bilfte adventte. 

CiiA0ca«*8 CoMP. ov nm B« KutaBT* 

Ihoo, hf ixiaf ttrtiHovghti kiNiTe ttiynai^, Mtintoft 

diieaie without all rtcurr. 

O. P* BiiiHnitoF* 

Rbd Bull. The theatre to ealled was liliiated in 
' St Joho'a Street, Clerkenwelli and is supposed to 
be that at which Shakspeare was first retained. 
It appears from the testimony of Sir W. D^avenant 
to have been of an iafeffior rank; notcaces of its 
existence are now to b6 distioyered, hot Wood* 
bridge Street is said to be the spot wllere it steed. 
The company soon alter tbereslcHratioik Of Chas. It. 
removed to the Cockpit^ in Drary Ldme, and it 
does not appear that the Red Bnll was ever afterr 
ward9 ased for theatrical representations^ 

Tkm Witt I €wtftwpid Iwr wUh wimpl wnwli ^tnetm from tiie 
• piafsIieeattheFortaMandlic4B«IL 

Kbp crom. By a regulation made during the great 
plfgoe in LqodoD, all infected boMset were re* 
quired to have Itrge red crosses painted on the 
doors and windaws^ and ^ gnard was placed to 


388 A ntonAMiAL awd - 

prevent any person lemng the faoue till tbe ex- 
piration of forty days. 

Let nt not foifct oundTts iB oar fricf ; IlaiBOtM MU o uB 

of a red cnm upon die door. 

O. P. TU Pabsox*s Wbbbivo. 

Rede. See " Read." 

Red hair. The An^lo-Saxons seem to have had 
an inveterate dislike to red hair» which is said te 
have arisen from their animosity to the Danes, 
whose hair was in f^eneral of that eolonr. Painters 
uniformly represented the traitor Jndaa with red 
liair, as a mark of infamy; and innomeraUe in- 

. stances might be addooed to shew thai this pre- 

. judice conlioaed to a very lata periodij and it 
ciAeot be said to be yet wholly obttteratedL 

. ^Wtoicfbsii'tlitpoiNiiQfsyWM^tfnni. 

O. P. BVMT »'A»»01I. 

Petdito<Sf«iSMrlMMif)MBt} OeiailEt 
Yooy captain, tbink the detil dlicU is cone. 

O. P. Ram Ausr. 

Rrb lattice. See '* Lattice/? 
R.EDOtKKT (L. redolens), sweet scented^ 

Antf «^«MM#cedre, moat dcKWortbj dJfped. 

Chaucxb'k B. of Qvn I^adu. 

RsmiCE (L,redueoy, to bring or lead back. 

Abate the edge of traitovs, gracioas Lord, 
Thatwotfd fvAiee Chcae bloody days again. 

K. Rt9«. lU. 
Tin at the period of these broils I can« 

And back reduce yoa to giim Flnto^ baU. 

O. P. Vvnmi Tko*»». ' 

Rbecut (S. recan). Thoiiig'h this word is derived 
from reek, to smoke, yet it also denoted stemm or 
vapour; and in this sense only can the ilkistfatioa 


in Johnton be underfltood, t . e. tbe mobtuve urimjj; 
from heat. 

■ ■ The kitchen nttlkin pias 
Her richest locknun lonnd hor re ee% (i. e. sweatf) neck. 


And let him* for a pair of reccAy kines. 
Make you to ravel lAttaiBswIltroiif. ■ 


Reeve (S. gerefa), a steward or bailiff of a manor 
or franchise. 

Ihe rttfft h« wai a dender cholleiicke man. 

CmAWmBTu Trq^ to tlxtM^B Tali. 

Refel (L. refello), to refute. 

How ho rtfePd me» and how I rej^y^tt. 

Mjias. fok Mbas. 

But I will not fi^tf thatheia which ihatt he conftited hereafter. 

Burnoss anu Hia Snolanb. 

Refrain (F.), the burden of a soog or ballad. 

EvfmKMrt, alasl waa hie nt^ahie, 

CsAuasK's Tbox* anp Caau* 

Regrset^ to salute a second time. 

From whom he bringeth sensihle rtgreets, 

SIsa. ov.yx*WliV 
Yet ere myielf. could raachr Viig^i^'s chamber, 
One was before bm wiOi r^prteUfnm him* 

O. P. Arpiys AND VuoiNiAr 

REGFtiHRDON (from re and gtcerdon), reoottfpense^ 

And in reguerdon of that duty dpnOi 

I gird thee with the nOiant sword- of York. 

1 PAax E. Hbn. yi. 

Relay (O. F. rek^er), an old term in hunting, sig- 
nifying the dogs kept in reserve to follow the chase 
.^in the place of Ihose which were wearied in the 
pursuit . . 

There overtoke I a grrete rout | 

• * Of hnnters'and of foresters, 

* And many relaies and limers. 

CHAUcan*s Dabms. 



KxMORSB. Tins word is used bj old writers in the 
sense of pity or compassion. . 

Yon broCber mine, tli»t entertain*d ambltian, 

SxpeU'd remone, and nature. 


Renbgk (L. renego), to deny or disown. Renie, 
from the O. F. renier, has the same meaning. 

My gods ben &1m by water and londe ; 
I rmfo them all here in this place. 


. Aen^i'tf, aflirm, and torn their halcyon beaka 

With every gale. 

K. LiEAii. 

Renverse (O. F.), to reverse. The word is used 
by Spenser to signify the degradation of a fallen 
foe^ by turning his shield upside down. 

Then firom him reft his sliSeUt and ft fmeertf. 

Srnvuin's F. Qcbsn. 

Replevin (low Lat. replegio), a law term, signify- 
ing the releasing the good distrained, or giving 
security to answer at the suit of thd distrainer. 

At least to me, who once you ksowi 
Did from the pound replevin yoa. 


Responsaile (from L. responsum), an answer or 
oracylar response. 

Ye gave me once a divine r^Hmsaile 
Tliat I should be the floore of love in Troy. 

Chavcbr's Troi. Avn Crbss. 

Rest. The phrase ** to set up a rest'' is said to be 
derived from the old game of primero, and im- 
ported to be content or satisfied with the cards in 
hand; it is generally used to^ be resolved or to 
make up your mind to the consequences of a pre- 
determined act. 


I have tet^*^ ret< to ran away. 

Yeu that can play at noddy, yoa that can set up a rest at 

primero»&c. • v > ■ i 

. ' •' - ' : • > • ■ -• ' Pao. t4 ijtetVBv vKoir PARitA39?«ivl. < ^ 

RsTlioiiE ' (L. rJletor )^ a rhetoridan or oraior. . 

And if a r0Mor«. could ^dr endite,. , 
He in a chconi(de aaighttaiUely ¥q!}te. 

CaAucxa'8 Nonnbs Faisstbs Talb. 

Retrait (It. W^ra/i^)« a portrait . or cast, of . tbe 
countenance. . \, . . , . , ., 

She is the mighty queene of fiterie, 

Whose fidre rdriUte I on my shielde doe heare. 

SPBNSia's F. QuBBir. 

Reve See " Reeve.*' 

Rete (S. bereqfan), to take by violence, to rob or 
plunder; hence a rol)beF was called a^recber. 

. Where we shall robbet where we shall rette. 
Where we shall bete and binde. 

O. B. A Lttbl Gbstb of B. Hodb. 

Rbw (S. r^iswa), a row, any thing* placed in regular 
succession, in a line. 

Sittinf beside a fountain in a rew. 

Some of them washing with the l^nid dew. 

Spsnsbr's F. Qubsn. 

Reye (Belg",), a sort of dance peculiar to tl|e low 

To learn love dances, springs, 
ReyeSt snd the stxauhge things. 

Chaucbb's B. of Famb. 

RiBiBB (It), originally meant a stringed musical 
instrument like a rebeck or guitar, but it Utiei^ 
wards became a cant; term for. an infaiyiOMS oMi 

Th^fomimoar, waiting eT«roa.^ prpy. 
Rode for to sommoo an ,oild widow, a Hbibt, 

CBAVcaa't' W. ov Bath, 


Or Mme good WMf aboHl KMttrii Toim 

Or Mogsdm, 700 would haiif now tot a witch. 

B. JofrsoN^s Davit ▲» Atf . 

Riddle (S.rhiddd), to plait or fold; a ueve, from 
being aiade of platted caoe> is still called a riddle.^ 

Hm wMte fokctte fMIM ftrfre. 

GaAccaa't Box. ov tu Bote. 

Rio, a wanton woman, a proatitnte; the word is of 
uncertain derivation. 

Vujt tf on tticOy HioB nmpOf Hiov fjiy* 

O. P. Oa». GvmTow't NssDLB. 

■ For TilMt thing* 
Become themaelTes in her} that the holy priests 
Blcm her when she is nggi$k. 

idST. Am C1.SOP. 

RiGGE (S. hrigg), the back, from whence the modern 
word ridge is de^ed ; the word is -still in use in 
the north. 

Hm stide*i riggt under him brsilb 

RiMPLED (S,hrympeUe), wrinkled'. 

A fimpled recke fenre ronne In nge, 
Frowning and yellow in her Yisage. 

CBAvcca's RoM. ov run Rosa. 

RiPiER (tow Lat. riparius), one who carries fish 
from the coast to the interior. 

Slare flattery, like a n/Ker*a legs, roll'd up 

In boots and hay n^es. 

O. P. Burst d'Ambois. 

I ean send yen speedier advertisment by the nejit r^^irr fhat 

ridjes that way with makerel. 

O. P« Tbb Wtnow's TftABS. 

RiVAGB (F.)> the coast or shore of the sea or a 

Ihe which PactolaSi with his waters ahetek 
Throws toith upon the riintge round about him. 

Spsnssb's F. Qvcbn. 


B.OARER. This term was formerly Applied to A 
swagg^ering- noisy drunken ruffian. 

WlMt becomes of cfor fMH^v 1>07>» tl'CiW tlu^ >^ ^^^ 
one to another. 

O* P. Ip IT agi KOT A •eo» Pjult* 

TBU DbtIL'S in it. 

Rochet (F,)^ a loose coat or outer garment, now 
only designatii^ the surplice or upper vestment of 
a priest. 

There n'is no cloth sitteth hette 
On damoflel than doth rockette, 

CHAVcsR^fl Rom. or tnn Hmb. 

P^QpE0t,rhud), the complexion of the face^ from 
^ J ts general red colour. 

' 18«ri0tCMibt'slgl»ii,1itrfM(iiioMcl^t* ' 

Hii tp^ Wis itddt, hli trcp frsi^ •§ som. 

Omaocsr*! 1iliiUiii^i'1%». 

• I 

koitB/to ratoible or gad about; a word of vnctrliiii 
'd^rrtatioii, ttofeM il May be referred to tbe Bn rhol, 
to roll. 

> AaMjAlh«Uaot8ltlllBrhi»lci^tQroi/t«bOttt« 

# Chavcbk's Rom. OF TBI Rots. 

RoiN (F^Vogfie), a seab> mang'e, or scurf. 

Withotiten Uaine, ojr scahbe* or ro(ne0 

RoieTEH ilCf)^t9i0r), to behave with .turbii}«qice, 
,.IO|9wagger,or bluster; so a j^<fi9ter^^ i$ a. rji^ffian 
: 'OcbfiUyi .:•.. '. . * j -... , 

I Let the routert lie . 

Close dapt in bolts until their wits be tame. .tl i 

■.' O.. P.'FaiAa BAcoir» fte. 

. Naj, roi$eer, by yomr Isare ^'iria away. 

O. P. Thk London Pkop. 

RoMAGK (F. romc^e); a tumult, bustl^^ coofusiont 
or hurry«. ,. ... ; , 

994 • • A OfiOtiABIAL AHD 

Hm tooroi of lUt ow mlBlw «mA tM ciitf Iwtd 
OfthtopoithMUMidrtmi y einthglMU. 

RoMBKtN, a drinking cop; the word is of oo certaia 
. derivation, unless from the Dateh roerner, a glass 
or cop to hold liquor. 

live i& ftiU port > tibMarrM •advQBdcf^ all 
Wine ew flO'wiBf la liiit SMBon rwmtftm*. 

O; Ft Tbb Win. 

Willi that she set it to IMT BOW, 

And off At once tat riMMM flOM* 

Ovffvm'a VtB9. Tbat. 

Ron YON (from the French ragne, the scab or scurf). 
The definition of this word in Bdley and Johnson, 
** a fist balky woman," is not warranted by the 
aothorities quoted by the latter; it was a term of 
contempt, applied to a female, u '^seorvy fellow" 
. WM similarly applied to a male, and both derived 
. firom the same French origin, and i^itfifr living 
particular reference to size. 

Oat of my doo^i, yon witdi, yoa yokctik, jtmr m i^ um f 

M. WiTSc ov WiraioE. 

JMroiAtther>witd|! themniilMrMVffiatai. ; 

^OD (S. rode), the eross of Christ, having the cru« 
cifi:x!ion upon it; most churches had one, whicb 
was exhibited only on festivals ; a place ilk ihe 
chorch was appropriated for it, called the rood 


nrthoMf «^< 

1 do aot liiw tkoM Mventl ooniMlIt. 

K. Rich. iir. 

iloPB and CiL4CK rope, terms of eontsimely, for-i 
merly used in aHusion to bapging> intended to 


convey an opinion tbat the person to whom they 
>;rere addreaised deierved tbat punishment. 

tlMA wUI I moMHr ** a nope for a panot** 

O. P. Midas. 
: Whi^VMi^ar Hit of irlion tlMf talk. 

When thief erj rcpt and walk, knaTe, walk. 


RoFSBY. This ^ord is defined by Johtason to be 
"xogftuts' tricks/' but it rather means loose or idtd 


• - ■ ■ 'I 

I pny yon, dr, wlMt tort of merchant waitkit, that wai so 


Rom. AMD Jul. 

Rota MBit, a set of politicians who» during^ the com* 
monwealthf devised a scheme of govemmmt- by 
which a third part of the parKament should go out 
by rotation; Sir Wm, Petty and Harrington, au- 
thor of Tke Ocfofin, were the promoters of this 

Sotl SUMflMl, ai fUl or Mcka 
At rola mm of politicks. 


RoTB (O. P.), a «nisical instrument similar to * the 
modern faufdyogordy or mandolin. ' 

Than 4UL he find, in her ddiciouB k^wer, 

Ite fiOr Focana playiniT oaa reto. 

UnxB»^*§ F. QvMKN, 

RoujaB..(S*)* to lie dose, to lurk or lie in w^it. , 

Than is the shepe that rouketh in the foide. 

Cravovr's KmoiMt Taks. 
B«t BOW «h«f fnakm Uithehr neet. 

Oowna's Cok. Aai. 
OMMmwri^! mdHMfinthyden. 

CvAuona's MomrsB PaissTss Tail 

RoU:N :(S. n(>^s0n), to whisper or sp^ak in secrecy. 

And roumed with kia f6r f lerete while. 

- Bail. M K* aiftJUiiiBu. 

886 • A «LOttiUUAL ' Anil* i i I 


Am aftq lie .i ' iw i» ( A i» hqr cw, . . 

6owKE*s Cost. Aa. 

ABotticr fvwiMif tolnnliMpvUy'Vi^* - 

C«AMMl!9«lfAM .OF |«AWSt TaI^. 

RovMOiK (O. P. ronctn), > a oonman t>r hackney 

He ro^e upon a roufuie fi» he covflie. . 

Round (Ti rondy,'To\ighl as applied to sjpeech'; "with- 
oat reserve, unceremonious, sinoefei. ' 

Your repartxtf is somewhat too roKiMt. 
. K. BJnr. ▼. 

Roundel (P. rondeUt}, a long beginaingand ending 
'^ithtfae same' sentence. ■ 

1 t 

• WbeBtiiAtAicltehMlrol«ediai^.«y: 
And/Boneen all the roifJMlci/liu^^. 

CHAirCBR*S*KNI««1<>S Tai.>. 

Come BOw» a K^mnd e i and a f^yy ymg. « 

MiDs. Nioht's DasAM. 


Roundhead, a term of contempt^ applied by the 
cavaliers to the puritans in the time of the com- 
monwealth, from the ci rcamstanoe of thdr cutting 
their hair close to the head; in. doings] whicb they 
used a round bowl as a guide in the operation ; 
they were also called prick eared, in consequence 
of their ears appearing fully Exposed from the 
scantiness of their hair. 

Enghmd, fturewell, witb ate aad Neptiuie bounded j 
Nile ne'er produced a monster like a Roundhead! 

Tax CoMMXtraa Man Cuaaian. 

Round table. The British king Arthur^ about the 
sixth century, established ah order of knighthood, 
called Knights of the Round Table, so named from 


their eating at a round table,' by Which the dis- 
tin^tion of rank was avoided. 

*TIi lUsOt for Arthur wore in hall 

Round table like a Curthingale. 

I, madam, fhey are Knighta of the Round Table. 

O, P. SA0TWABD Hob. 

RovMDVRE (F. rondeur), round, a circle. 

TIs not tfae.retNMiMiw of yow old ftie*d walls 

Can hide jtm firom oar mesaengen of war. 

K. J«Hir. 

RousB (Ger. rfr«e&), a drunken debancb, also a 
portion of liquor soflScient to inebriate. 

. Ike klnfdotti wakatonight, and takMhSainMiM. 


- A reme, a Tin de meuton to thi health of thy (%ttti 

O. P./PAaAsiVASim. 

Rover, a sort of arrow. 

' flnereheofaAsortt'; fngfatf, rovffrt, andbntt-shafts. 

. B. iJoar80N*8 GYlimiA'a Sbtbm. 

RoTNS (F. ragnonner)^ to grumble or growl, and 
not to gnaw or bite, as Johnson defines it. 

Yet did he mannnr with rebtiliona goand, . 

And loftly rofnewfaen salvage choler gan redoimd. 

SraNSKR's P. Qmiav. 

RoTNisH (F. rogn^if ^), mangy, scabby; but figura- 
tively, a paltry, mean, or low person: used as a 
term pf reproach. See ** Ronyon." 

My lord, the roifnUk clown 
—■is also missing. 

As Tov lAjat It*. 

RuBRiCK (F. ru&rt^e). In the canon law, the 
argument or exordium of every chapter wad writ* 
ten in red letters, and hence called the rutridt, 
the text being in black. 

After the text ne after thy rubHck, 

CBAyon't Paot M W. OF BAm. 

M M 

396 A tfLOMAftiAL Amy 

Ruck. See '' Rouke/' , 

Ruddock (S. ruddue), tlie liM etUed Ae rob^n 
red-breast; it is also metaphorically used to sig- 
nify gold eoiD. 

Hie miioek woald 
WUli dhMrttable bm brinff ttiee all tms. 

— >— '-^ Be ttttth the AoUflis 

O. P. Tmm I40KDON Pkoo. 
. aahihavefoldeBnHfafeeteinliisbaill. bemastbewiBe. 

f* J ■ ^*» • ^ ^^B^^W* 

4« ' ' • ■ • 

Ruff, a plaited or puckered aroament^ generally 
made of ine Uaen, and woni hmumI the neck or 
Wrists ; the (ashion came up about 15C4; they were 
••riginally worn by men, but afterwards by both 
sexes; the puritans wore them long after the 
fasbion ceased, and the small ruff was one of the 

* distinguishing marks of the sect. The loose turned 
downtop of the boot worn by the gallants of that 
period was, from its shape, called a ruff or ruffle, 

Wby, he will look apcn his boot and sing ; mend his rtf/'aiid sing. 

Au's WteL niAT Bnob Wbu. 

As solemn as a traveller, and as grave as a pwitan's rt(f . 
' iMi^. ifo Aht. and Msllida. 

Ruffle (Teu. ruyffelen), to put out of form or dis- 
compose; but used by old writers to signify the 
acting in a rough, turbulent, or disorderly manner. 
By Stat. 27 Hen. Vill. a cheating bully is deno- 

' [ ihlnated a ruffler. 

Onte fit tb bandy wltii my lavvless sons, 
And ruffie in the com«ifMiW|^t)i (tf Ron^. 

Titus Andeon. 

RuaHEa. Befox^ the use of carpets^ ru&hes, both 



green and dry, were strewed upon the principal 
floors of houses ; ^b® person whose duty it was to 
perform the office of strewing them was called the 

Is sapper ready, the hoase trimm'd, rushes strewM } 

TaM. or THB Shrbtt. 

Their Jnonort Hie upon coming, and the room not ready : rwhfs 

and seats instantly. 

G. P. Tas Widow's Tbar8» 

Rush ring. An opinion prevailed in ancient times^ 
that to wed with a rush ring was a legal marriage, 
without the intervention of a priest or the cere- 
monies of religion. As many females were weak 
eno«g»h te belietein the legality of sueh marriages, 
Poore, bishop of Salisbury (circa I^IT), prohi- 
bited the use of them. 

With ganAy sirlonds or fresh flowers difht 
About her necke, or rings ofrushM plight. 

Spxnsib*8 F. Q^Wir* 
As fit as ten fBoatsfu UiehMul of «B attonwy, «(Tlb*8 nuh 
for Tom'a fSore finger. 



Sack, a kind of wine frequently spoken of in th^ 
old drama, though the particular species as well 
as the etymology of the word is doubtful; it is, 
however, supposed to be a Spanish or Portuguese 
wine, in which the English, contrary to the prac*-- 
tice of other liations, mixed sugar. 

If taek and sofar beia fault,. God thelptheivricked. 

:--> • - '1-Pa»t'K. Httr. !¥•' 

400 A GMSftAftlAL AVB- 

The 9tttiiiiiOB7 wbick ow Mtier |s«* vf, with wfaSeh Jielie» 

fattiDg himself with «acAr and sofar. 


Sacklkss (8. 9adea9)y lonoceot, blameless. 

I gif this dome that tboa shall dy; 
SocktM thoa wold thy sonne have alaine. 

Rom. op ths Sbvkn Sagbs. 

Sacrino (from F. Bocrer), a Httle bell used in the 
ceremonies of the eburch of Rome, iTvbich is rung 
on the eloTstion of the host 

1*11 startle yoa 

Worse than the aaering bell. 

Safeguard, an outward petticoat, worn chiefly by 
working females to keep the othw clolbei from 
being soiled. 

On with your cloak and $a/tgumri, foa imst di»b. 

0. P. Ram AI.X.BT. 

Sag (Goth, stga), to droop or sink with its own 

Itiemind I sway by» and the heart I bear, 
Shall ncYer sag with doubt, nor shake with fear. 


Saker (P. satre), a species of hawk ; afterwards, 
a piece of artillery was so called. 

The cannon, blunderbuss, and taker. 
He was th* inventor of and maker. 


Salad (F. adlade)^ a helmet or piece of armour for 
the head. 

They went without; was leftnot one 

Saiad, speaie, facdbmoe, ne page.. 

Chaccbb*8 Dbbmb. 

Salt. To sit at the table abmre or below the isalt,. 
was a mark of distinction in opulent families. The 
salt was cont^ped in a massive silver utensil, called 

a »(der, now oorrapted into cellar, which was 
plaeed in the middle of the table; persons of dis- 
tinction sat nearest the bead of the tabl6 ok* abbve 
the salt, and inferior relations or dependants below 

Set him benoith the tutt; and let him sot touch a Ut till ererir 
one has had his fttU cut. 

O. P. Tu HoNBST WHoaa. 

That he do on no deCaott 
Bver presume to sit above the suit. 

Bishop Hall's SATxai^s. ^ 

SAtTiNBAif CO (It. aalta in bofnco), to mount a bench f 
a mountebank or quack doctor. 

H« play'd the tali^»bimch»*t part, 
TraasfonnM to a Renduaan bt my ait. 


Samette (O. F. 9am^i a sort of satin or silk stuff. 

And in •aantiUt with Urdis wroug^ht, 
His body was dad fnUfiably. 

Chavcke's Rom. o* tbs Boss. 

In silken «amt^e Aa -was .light arrayed. . ^ ■ . 

Sanctis. See '' Black Sanetus.'' 

Babacsm. This term was applied about the middle 
ages indiscriminately to all Pagans and Biaho- 
metans, and generally to aU persons not professing 
the Christian religion. 

That Jesu hem helpjed, it was wel<8ene, 
T^e Sarazefu were i-slayn all clene. ^ 

Rou. of Rich. Ccbur D9 JLion. 

After many Sartuen, stout and dark, 

Af.Saxonyeandof9anmarlfie. . 

TAI.B OF "ititLhut, 

l^ARlT (S. #yre). a shirt or shift; a word still in use 
in the north. 

fltryppyd hem nakyd to the tOTke. 

Bom. OF Rich.' Cava oa Lioir. 

MM 3 


And coott her d«ddSef to the wvk* 

And Unket at it in her §ark. 

Bi^Bvs* T4M Q*0aAifTWr 

Saw (8, saga), a wise saying, axiom, orpraverb. 

We'll whiter o*er a cooj^ or two of most lage bowm. 

TwsLvnr NtaHT. 
Trust me, a thrifty mow, 

O. P. A Match at Miomoat. 

Sat (F. «ote), a tbin sort of silk stuff! 

AH In a kfrOe of diac(doiar*d My, 

He clothed was. 

Svbnskb's F. Onmr, 

Scald, a term applied by the ancient Danes and 
Swedes to the poet and mfnstrel of their heroic 
deeds, which word comprehended both characters* 
The Anglo-Saxons confined the word minstrel to- 
the performer on some musical instrument. 

Saucy lictors 

Will eaiteh at Its like strampetB; and* scdlSif rhymers 

Ballad us out o' tone. 

Ant. akd Clxop. 

ScALL {Ic^skalladur), the leprosy of the skin, which 
occasions baldness, and hence it became a term of 
contempt similar to scurvp, implying poverty and 

With Mcatled browis, black and piUed berde. 


To be revenir^ on this same tcald taurry cogging compaidon.^ 

M. Wivss OF WiNosom. 

ScAMBLE, a word of which the etymology is not 
fixed, but probably from the L. scambus, bow- 
legged ; having a shufflmg gait. It is used some- 
what in the sense of scramble, to shift or seize in 
a disorderly or tumultuous manner. 

Leave ut t» tcamble for her getting out. 



Sach scamkUng, such shift for to est and where to eat. 

O. P. Paaasitastxr. 

Scarlet. Scarlet cloth was supposed to be endued 
witli medicinal virtues, of which an instance is 
given by Dr. Gaddesden, who is said to have cured 
a patient of the small-pox by wrapping him in a 
scarlet cloth. 

And these applied with a right tcarlet cloth. 

B. J0N80N*S VotroNB. 

ScATH (S. sceath), harm, destruction, hurt, dam- 
age, wrong. 

Thei wolde eflaones do you tcoMe. 

* Chaucsr'8 Rom. op the Rosb. 

To do offence and scathe* 

ScHAW (S. 8cua)» a wood or thicket of trees. 

As he roode be a woodes Mchawe, 

. He seg^e ther many a wylde ootUwe. 

RoM. oy Oct. Imp. 
I will abide under tbe-tAiwe. 

Gowxa^s Con. Am. 

ScHELTROUN (S. 9child iTum(i)y probably from ita 
being in the shape of a tortoise; an army or host. 

AyeiiB the Chiistene he sette seheldnmn, 

Rom. of Oct. Imp. 
Above the Sarazynes they riden. 

And xheUroun pight and batayle abyden. 

Rom. op Rich. Coevr ns Lion. 

ScLAViN (O. F. e«eZav«ne), a short gown, reaching 
to the middle of the leg, formerly worn by seamen. 

They were ready for to wend^ 

With pike and with «efoty». 


ScoRSE (It. acorao), to pursue or chase ; also, from 
the Sw. skoja^ to deal for the purchase of a horse. 

And from the townes into the country forsed. 

And from thf conatry backe to private formers he sconed, 

Spbn8BR*« F. QuBBir. 


WUlyoatMitfvewilhliifli? yoaarelnSmitlill^j "foamaj 
it yooniirwith • fine goiaf |i»dkiier. 

B. Jontfoy't Bass. Faok. 

Scotch boot, an implemeDt of tortore, formerly 
used in Scotland, by putting a pair of iron boots 
on the legs, and forcing wedges between them and 
the leg. 

AU your empiricki covld never do tlie like cnre upon the goat 
the rack did in England, or your Scotch boot. 

O. P. Tu Mxi^coimirr. 

SooTOMY (L. 9eotoma)f a swimming or dizzimess iii> 
the head. 

O sir, *ti8 past tke teotomf; he now 


ScRAKNEt. The etymology and precise meaning of 
this word is not understood ; Milton is the only 
authority quoted for its use: the Danisb MkrarUen, 
weak, sickly, or feeble, seems to give its definition^ 

They vrhen they list, their lean and flashy songs 
Orate on their icratutel pipes of wretbhed straw. 

MUaon's Ltooas. 

ScRiMER (F. eacrimeur)^ a fencing master^ an adept 
in that art. 

The tcrimers of their nation 
He swore had neither motion, guard, nor eye. 


ScRiNE (L. scrtnium), a chest, coffer, or escritoirto 
keep books or papers in. 

Lay forth oat of tliine ererlasting terpne 
The antique rolles which there He hidden. 

SpMHamti*a F. Queen. 

ScROYLE (F. e8crouelle)y a scrofulous swelling; and, 
figoratively, a mean or shabby person. 

By heayens ! these scroj/let of Angiis flont yoti, kings. 
And stand securely oti their batUements. 

K. John. 


Scute (It. acudo}, a coin of Italy, varying in vatae 
in the di(!br&nt provinces. 

Wm to a.Tcry teute smell oat the price. 

O. P. All Fooas* 

Seam (8. «em^)/ talloW'or grease. 

Shall Ibe yroiid lord. 

That bastes his arrogance Vfiih his own seam, 

Be worshipped i 

Taoi. A»n» Casss.^ 

Sear. See '' Sere." 

Seat (L. sedea), the site or situation. 

This castle hath a pleasant seat, 

Methinks this is a feasant citie; 

The teai is food 

0. P. Damon and PrmiAi. 

Seel (F. scelier)^ a term used in falconry i signifying 
to close the eyes of a wild hav?k. 

Mine tyet no more on yanity ihall feed, 

Bfitt teeM up with deatbribaU hare their deadljrineeAb 

SriNBia'i F. QvsiNT. 
■ Oomei teeHng nigfatt 

Scarf up the tender eye of pitiiU day. 


Seely (S.aeel), lucky, happy; also ui^ed to signify 
harmless or inoffensive. 

The selif derkis rennin np and donn. 

CHAUCSa*6 RSTK*8 Talx.. 
As when a greedy wolfe through hunger fell, 

A seelp lamb far from the flock does take. 

Sp«n8sb'i F. Qussir. 

Seint (F. ceinclure), a girdle. 

Girt with a seint of silk with barres small. 

CHAucsa*8 Pao. to Cant. Talsb. 

Sei^couth. (S. »eld and couth), un^mmon, rare^ 

Much people saved of wleouth sores. 

P. Plowman's Vis. 

Selle (F.), a saddle. 

Ajlas 1 no fcMe remained to dig^t hit steed. 

iJLt ey SiE QmwwLktu 

406 A aMMABi^L AII0 

Skllbnger'9 Round, ^ celebrated oouatry dance, 
properly called St. Leger, mach in TO^ue in the 
last century ; it is printed in a collection of country 
dances, published by J, Playford in 1679» 

1%e first tone thej pteyvd wtm Settengtr** Rmutd, 

O. P» IstKOUA. 

SsMBLABLY (F. sembloble), alike, having* resem- 

A rftllMitkikiglit he WM, his mmtwmWnMtt 

SemiMkf furnished Ukt the kinf . 

1 Paet K. Hin. nr^ 

Sbndal. See " Cendall." 

Sbrb (S. searian}, withered or dry. 

With Mrs hnuBchls, htossomts mfrtn*. 

Cbavcse's Rom. of tbi Rotr. 

H« if dfiftmiiiU ciookid* 6U, aai ffrc 

Com. oy Xaftoms. 

Sbrens (V.), blindness or extreme dimness of sight. 

So thick a drop Mrene hath qiMBCb'd tiieir oita« 

That sbino in vain to ted tiix pitveinv ngr. 

Pab. Lost. 

Serene (F.Berain), the dew of summer evenings^ 
which occasions blights. 

Some terene blast mOk or dire Ugfatoifaigs strike. 

B. Jonson's Yolp. 

Serpego (L. serpigo), a kind of tetter or ring* 

Now the dry terpego on the subject ! and war and lebhery 

confound aU. 

Troi. and Caass. 

Sbrry (F. serrer), to press close togetiier. 

Thei riden well serreKehe. 

Talk of MaaLiN. 
— — Tlironginir helms 

Appear*d, and serried shields^n thidc array. 

Pah. Lost. 

Settlb (9* iitl), a long wooden bench with a back^ 


part of the furniture of ancient halls and still to be 
foand in country ale-houses. 

If an the koiiMt in the town wen priMms, 
The chwnheni pfei, aU the MMtot elioclM. 

O. P. Abumazar. 

Sbw (F. «utor6)y to follow or pursue. 

Al your fel&wes and ye mufit come in Uewe* 
EYerilyche yonr matirs for to sewe. 

Chaucer'^ Attm. «f LuRM< '■ 
If me thon deign to lenre and aew, 

SPSN8SR*8 F. QCfRSll. 

Sewer (O. F. asseour), an officer of the household, 
formerly employed to serve up and arrange the 
dishes at a feast. 

MarahalPd feast. 

Serv'd np in hall witb OTiMTt and seneedhals. 

Par. Lost. 

Here the tewgr has Mended a country gentleman with a 
sweet green goose. 

O. P. Parasxtaster. 

Shackatory, an Irish hound. 

Tliat Irish thackatory beats the bush for him and Icnows aU. 

O. P. Tan HoNBST WboRb, 9 pARt.' 

Shalm (Teu. ecAaZmejf), a musical instrument, sup* 
posed to be like the hautbois. 

That made loud adnstralsies 
In commuse and ehaimies. 

Chacckr's B. or Fams. 

With ikaUnet and tnunfets, and with clarions sweete. 

Sprnsrr's F. Qvkrn. 

Shard, the wing^s of the beetle and other insects 
who have inner wings covered with others of a 
stronger substance; also broken pots or tiles, 
called potsherds. 

A dragon. 
Whose icherdes shynen as the sunne. 

OowBR's Conr. Am. 


For eharitablc.vrajirtf 

8kar4t, fliots, and pebbles should be thrown oa lier. 

SuKKN (8. 9cene), shining, tplendidi, brig'bt, sbewy. 

And M llM Mniii wken the tune aftMM 
Delitiii in ther aonse in leris grene. 

CaAVC>B*s Tn^i. awd CnsM* 

And thirty docen noons with bonrow'd Mketn, 


Shkbit (8» teeiMlan), reproved, blamed, disgraced. 

Wc shaU ht «*Ml. 


I wooM ttny all day with him, if 1 #eanA not to.'be,cfte»^ 


SBsmiFV. 8ee '• PosC' 

Shimmer (S. ^rj^ma), to glimmer or twinkle. 

And by the wall she foond a staff anon, 
. And saw a litU gkimMmg of lighit. 

CnAucsR*s RsTs's Talk. 

Shive (Bel. schyvc), a thin slice of a loaf. 

Easy It is 

Of a cut loaf to steal a sMm. 

Tit. Andron. 

Shode (S.), the hair of a man's head, bushy hair. 

His herte Mode hath bathed all his here. 

The naile ydriven in the shode, 

Cravckr's Knioht's Tali. 

Shoe. The fashion of shoes was« in 1350, carried to 
a ridiculous excess; they were made with long 
pikes, which were sustained by ribands or chains, 
fastened to and reaching from the extremity of the 
pike to the knee. It appears from the following 
allusion to the fashion, that the wearing them was 
confined to the higher classes. 

He was "^'ell clad and wel done; 
As a knlght'B, was crooked hU Mhoon. 

Sir Djbgorb. 


Shob (old). Thp <mstoBi ttf throwii^ an «ld«lKi% 
%tipt a piBQfon as ah assdraaoe of ^dd luek^ is of 
wejty aociant diftte, and aat yet antiMy diftoarded. 

Ji^;«#» w^ Ivvre m« to s>7 iMluiie iii#dtt(^i 

•. Pi Tux W«bD GfooMI CSAiM. 

There's an oU $ho§ after you. 

O. P. TipB PaM9»*8 WllK 

Shobino HORify a phrase formerly in use to rigniiy 
ap inducement or excuse for drinking'. 

Tb have tome aMtiMr Aem to piiU pn 79«r wii^iift.a llpbei ^ 

of the coles or a redde herring. 

. JP. PBimui|ftsa'# «»»f^ VP r«i X^n^k 

It not only sucks up all the rheumatick inundations, hut is 

a «Ao0iiM' A<MW for a pint of wine. 

Hash's liiENTxit STVtr. 

SflONB and Shoon; th6 old plural of shoe. 

I woll my selihi he thy maA 
To drawin of thy Mhone, 

. . Ctf4t^cxA*<». Ta&s of O^lf • 

Short heels. A prostitute was formerly so call^ ; 
in Rowley's MaJUh iU Midnigfit, Sue Shortheels, 
a whore, is one of i}^dr^nujUi$ fer%im^^ 

Hicrh she was in the instepi hut ctort in ike keeli straight 
laced, hut loose hodied. 

O. Pr MtOAS. 

Shot (8. $c€(U)t & reckoning or score at a tavern, 

For one shot of Are pence, thou shalt have five thousand 


Shot window, a projeicting window, common m 
old bouses, and called also a compassed or bav 

And dressid himself «iidir a sAo^ icindoio 
That was upon the carpenteris wall. 

. CBAOCia't MltlBR*! TfiMtt 



Shotkl boaed, a gBine properly called diiiffle 

• board, still played in low TictiialliDg houses, lor- 

. jneriy, with the silver eoin ^led a gtout^ and 

afterwards with shillings ; the large and thin shil- 

. 'ling of Edward VI. was usually employed in the 


Quoit him down, Bardolph, like ft ahooe groai ifaiUinflr- 

.9 Pamc K. Hbv. IT. 

Awfty sUfl I my man like a «A«oel board abiUins. 

' O. P. Tarn tUiAuma Gni. 

Shrew (Bel. sahreyen). This word origiinally im- 
plied wieked or perverse/ and was applied as well 
to male as female. 

Comeon, feUow; it is told^Qum alt a iSkreto I wysse. 

, 0.'P. Gam. GVftTpN'a Nkbbue. 
By tliis reckeninip, be is more $hrew than slie. 

TAliiNO OP THS Shkbit. 

Shrift (S. scrift), the popish ceremony of auricu- 
lar confession of sins to a priest. 

The g^iostly father' wm hAtfa done his thHft, 

s Fakt K. Hxn. ti. 

SuRiGHT, shrieked, cried otit; 

For sorrow of her, she 9hright ay so loud. 

CBjkircsji^s Sairms*s Talc 

Down in her I19 she hid her iiaoe and loudly ^hright. 

SrsNSsn's f^. QoajrN, 

Shrite (S. 8crifan), to hear confession. 

He will thrive her for all this gere and give her penaonce. 

O. P. Gam. Gukton's NasoLS. 

Shuog (ffom S. screadcm^ to s)ired), the top brandi 
of a tree. 

They cut them down two summer shn^gs. 
That grew both under a breere. 

O.B. Robin Hoon anb Got of GisaoaNi. 

SiBB (S. sybbe), a relation in blood. 


Was «»&&« to Axthnr of BreteU^e, 
And that was he tiiat bare the enwigne. 

Cbaocxk*8 Robi. of tu Rom. 

Siege (F.)>, aseat^ chair, or stool. 

How cam'st thou to be the siege of this moon calf? 


Siesta (Sp. from hora sexto), the hoar at noon 
when the Spaniards retire to repose during the 
heat of the day. 

What, sister, at your siests already ^ If so, 
Yott must hare patience to he wakM &ttt of it. 

SiFFLSMENTS (F.), whistlings. 

Uttering nought else but idle tifflemenUr 
Tunes without sense, words inarticulate. 

O. P. Lingua*. 

SiKB (S. aican), to sigh; 

TlM kyng in herte lyXretf sore. 

RoM. Q» Rich. Catirm ni Lxow. 
When that Ardte had songe, he gan to »ikp, 

Chavcsr's Knxoht'b Tax.x» 

Siker (Su. Goth, siker), sure^ certain*. 

And ladde him «t Arer pass 
Al'to the gates of Capias. 


r am right siker that the pot was erased. 

CHAucaa's ChaIvons Tso. Taiv». 

Sim:ar (O. F. samarre), a costly robe worn by 
ladies. \ 

The ladies dressed in rich timar« were seen. 

SiNGULT (L. 8ingaltus)y a sigh^ sometimes spell 

Thick rising tingfUU his ftill he^ oppress^. 

Aucassin and Nicoutin*. 

Tet did she not lamenfwith leud alew 

As women wont, but with deep sighs and nngulfet, 

SNiKsna's R Qunw. 

Si <2ui8 (Lat.). A notice OS advertiaementv formerly 



affixed on a door or post« was so called, from iU 
neantng ** if any unef" they were generally 
placarded at St. Paul's, by servants and otfaen 
soliciUng employment. 

M7 end Is to fost n^ a «i fMifi aqr nufkcr*! fortmM we 

forced to CMhler me. 

O. P. WsAS Too Wiix. 

Sir. See "Clergyman." 

SiTH (S. sithe), since; Mtthen and Hih$nee, since 

Siikm he went to Fra&ce tnd eome oato Hxyt» 

P. LA!«e¥Oft*f Ctfsoir. 
StiA tWM mr IMU to fftre tiM pMpte MOOT. 

Sit, a cdnt term for beer of a superior quality, i, 0^ 
of six shillings a oask; small beer was called/our. 

Lo6liifatMi0lArwik$ Qm iiflit olhim makM aie long ftir 

a cup of fir. 

O.P. A Match at Miokiobt. 

Skainsmatb, a word derired from the ers^ skeanM 
a knife, and mate, a companion or mo$smate« 

I am none of Iiis tkcUntmutes» 

](0M. ANB JUL^ 

Skein, a knife or dirk. 

Against the like fool Irish haye I senrM, 
And 19 my skin bear token of their skeins, 


Skelder^ a cant term for a vagrant who, under 
pretence of being a disbanded soldier, levied con* 
tributions as a beggar. 

Wand'ring abroad to skelder for a shiUint^, 

O. P. Ttas FWB COMrANlOW. 

Skill (S. acyle). The old and obsolete sense of 

this word signified '^ of no interest or importance \^' 
as, it skiU9 fwt, it is no matter. 


What «iU/& it where tiie salt stands ? 

' O. ^. FaiAK IfAcoir, He, 

It skilleth not, I cannot be angry with him. 

O.P. Albx. and Campaspb. 

Skimmington. To ride skimmiDgton or the stangp, 
was a ludicrous procession in derision of a bus-- 
band baving submitted to be beaten by bis wife, 
and consisted of a man riding bebind a woman, 
his face to the horse's tail, having a distaff in his 
hand, and the woman during the riding beating 
him with a ladle;, a smock was displayed by way 
of banner in front of the procession, which was 
accompanied by the rough music of horns, &c. 

When the yonng people ride the ^mmington. 
There is a general trembling in the town. 

Kino's Mxscbi.* 

Skink (S. scene), drink, and hence skinkeir, a 
drawer or server of liquor at a tavern. 

Bacchus the wine liim sJdnketh all about. 

Chaucbb's K3ftatti*i Talb. 

. Here*s some good cheer toward j 
I must be skinker then. 

O. P. Gbim, THB CotUBB, &c. 

SiOR, (a word probably derived from skirmish, a 
hasty and irregular Bght), to rawble about in 

And make them tkirr away as swift as stones 

Enforced from the old Assyrian shngs. 

K. Hbn. wu 

Sladb (S.slnBd), a valley or slip of green sward in 
a wood. 

For he found tow of his own fellowes 
Were slain both in a alade, 

O. B. Rob. HOod avd Gut, &c. 

Slat, a word yet in use in the midland counties, of 


414 A OlOSSABlAi: ABI» 

uncertain derivation, but signiffiog to dash against 
or throw down with violence. 

Slotted hit brains att, then soni'd him in tiie briny sea. 

O. P. TsK IfALcoimm. 


Slbavk, nnwrought silk, the rough state of it pre- 
vious to twisting. 

Tlie bukki with daflbdiUies dight, 
' - WUliBnitiaiCfJMMihtf matted. 


iSiiP^ a cant word for a counterfeit cotD> being brass, 
coloured to resemble silver or gold. 

A gnOded »tip cairies as ftdr a Shew 

As perfect gold. O. P. Law Taioxs. 

We have broof ht you here a tHp, a idece of fslie e<^. 

O. P. Tnn Dima KNtosT. 

Slops (S. tlopen), breeches or trunk hose^ which 
were worn so extravagantly large in the time of 
Queen Elizabeth, that temporary seats were erected 
in the House of Commons for the convenience of 
the wearers. 

Three ponnds in g;old 

These «toj9» contain. O.P. Ram Allbt. 

Qh« when I see one wear a perriwig, 1 dread liis hair; anotiier 

wa|lop in a great ttop, &c. 

O. P. Avt. and Hkluda. 

Slot (S. dUan), the mark of the divided hoof of 
a deer made in the ground ; it is sometimes used 
to signify the track, as indicated by the scent. 

If he had had as inoch hoof as horn, you might have hnnted 
the beast by the slot, 

C P. Tan Paksom** Wm. 

He leaves the noisome stench of the rode tloi. 

Slow (S. sletp), a species of moth. 

It is tLMUnoe may not forbere 
Ragges ribanid with gold to were. 

Cbavcsk^ Bott. oy Tn Boas. 


Slubber (a word of doubtfal etymology)! to stain 
or obscare with dirt; also^ to do any thing in a 
hasty or imperfect manner. 

1%e evening too be^ns to c^ti^itfr day. 


S/iMMar not biBin^ss for mf saU. 

Mbb. of Vsotci. 

Smec and SMECtiTMNui^^ a club of parliamentary 
orators (temp. Charles I.) who wore crarats of a 
particular fashion, as a mark of distinction, and 
called themselves Smeciymhuus, being a word 
composed of the initial letters of their names; tie. 
Stephen Marshall, Edmund Calamy, Thos. Young, 
Matthew New«ian, and Wm. Spnrstow. 

Itie handkerchief about his neck, 
. ^ Canonical caayat of 6mec, Hvi^srAb* . 

When jour Smeeiifmniu surplice weirs. 

COL. OF LOTA& S0irO9. 

SvoTHERLicHj of a dudcy complexion, a word pro- 
bably derived from smother or smoke. The defi 
nition in the old Glossary to Chaucer is snout* 
fairs, a word as unintelligible as that which it 
pretends to define. 

And dee, for she was somdele tmolherlieh, 
She was as digne as water in a diche. 

Chaucsr*8 Rbts*8 Tam. 

Snaprance (Ger. sd^Mphan), an old woid Igf * 
firelock or musket. 

Iliese tfld huddles have sudti sfcronff parses with locks* Wbea 

they shut tbtsm they go off like a tiuqthanee. 

O. P. MoTBBE Boiisn. 

Sneap (Ic aneipd)^ a check, reproach, or repri- 

ByfOB is like an eavioos tncvyitfv fro"^* 

LoTs's Lai. hont. 

41 C . ' A GLOffiARtAI. AND" 

I will not endmre Oils mMpipUlioiit repl^ 

S Part K. Rbn. it. 

Snell (S.), lively, quickly, nimbly. 

His ort be liigMrtliidir ««^0. 

EOM. or Kb ALisAViniBC. 

Snick up. The north country word snick is the 
string* which draws the lat(;h of a door. Malone 
and Steevens have given a wronj^ explanation of 
this word, Pledging that it is synonimous with ''go 
hang yourself/' but it is more probable that its 
true meaning is '' draw the latch and begone.'' 

We did keep time, sir, in our cttehes. Sniek iqv. 
' ' TfTsiiFTii .Kiosv. 

WharaftMretopciaoa;. Aitekivir lowerottwiUilnflr. 

O. P. Thb London Prod. 

SmJDGir, a word of which the etymology and exact 

meaning is doubtful, but is generally supposed to 

imply a sordid and avaricious person. The de- 

- inition in Todd's Johnson is not warranted by any 


iSfutdgeM may well be called jiAoiB : fo» if a vretcb steal but 
into debt ten pounds, they lead him straight to execation. 

O. P. Old F»rtvkatc!S. 

r tell tfiee plain tbon art a tnudge. 

O. P. SuMMBB^s Labt Will. 

So^R (from F. saur, a reddish browi^ colour), a 
term in falconry ; a young hawk was so called till 
she had mewed her feathers^ so that broum soar 
ftaihers were the remains of its first plumage. 

86md forth transfonnM, Antonio, fiiuy nued - 
Item brown soar feathers. 


Soiiiiis:si (Get. vteden), boiled or seethed. 


For ffnlSt MMtt» wriltk ere tliegr mn mi itn , 
Mm ftt iBff OMiBto'Oi for padding. 


SoKEN {S,aoc), the toll or custom of taking part of 
the produce as a remoneration for grinding at a 

Great token bath this mBlef out of dout, 
With whet* and matt of aU the londe tiMut 

CaiLVcaa't Rctb*8 Talk. 

SoLtAR (L. Bolarium), the upper story of a bouse, 
a garret, or loft. The aolarium of the Romani 
was a level place at the top of the bouse^ made for 
enjoying the warmth oC the lun ; in France and 
other oountrieii i4 ii now used as a granary or bajr 

Cdlart W irlM Mi mJIim tail of irtiMt. 

O. p. Tbb Jbw ey Malta. 

Bom^BLK (9iy, in tome measure or degree. 

Hm rale ol it Maura and 0t. BtMtt 
Became it was old ^d $omd9k streit. 

CuAifim%*§ MentM tA&t. 

SoMMXitB (F. sanmier), a baggage or sumpter 

Hif neck is great as any swmere, 
Benunetli aa iwift as any destrier. 

O. B. GVT 09 Warwkk. 

SoMPMOURi an ecdesiastical officer appointed to sum- 
moid offenders before the spiritual court, now called 
|LD apparitor. 

A tomfmm iSBMt waa wltli m in tha plepe. 

Chavcbr's Pko. to SoMPVova*s Tali. 

Sooth (S.«oA), true, faithful. 

For in his fUtering moikh unstable. 

Mo word is firm or soetf A. 

Milton's Psalms, 

80TIB (8. 4n^e^), sweet. 

418 'A 61X>89ARfA1^ ▲NO' 

Wlien tkat Ayrfl ^vith Ms iJlioiiMS iDftf • 


S0THFA8TNE88E (from 800th), truth. 

That lAease y<m win more. Iff my fUth, 
Tliaa 1m tbaX sot/^thume «Bto you aaitli. 

Chavok'b NoNNBfl Prustis Tali^ 

80UTKR (S. autere), a shoemaker or cobbler. 

Qyhou mmier lie layd on fttst* 
TyU.hU brcedM belt al to-teast. 

HoNTTiies 9P TVS Barb. 

Spall (F. upauk), the shoulder. 

Their mighty strokes their habergeons ^HsBiay'fl» 
And naked made each others manly vm* 


Span oounteRi a juvenile game, played with count- 

Boyi shall not play 
Atyane w w to rorblowpipt. 


Span new.^ This word is supposed Iby Johnson to 
be derived from the S. spannan, to stretch, origin- 
ally used to cloth newly extended or dressed ; but 
may it sot be from span, the old preterite of spin, 
tVe. cloth newly spun: the example seems to jus- 
tify the supposition. 

^icbelicbe he doth him schrede 
In spon new knightes wede. 

Ron.) OP K. Alisavnorb. 

8?AR (S. sparran), to shut close or bar. 

Sparre the gate fttste for fear of fraud. 

Spsnsxr*s Fast. 

Spaeth (S.), a double axe or spear. 

Some said he looked grim and wold fight} 
» He hath a <jDarM of twenty pounds weight. > 

Chaucer's Knight's Talk. 

Spawl (S. spatl), spit, the moisture ejected from, 
the mouth* 


He shall not be teonght np with so little muinfirs, to tpit • 
and ipawl o* th' floor. 

O. P. Tn PipRiTAir.; , 

Speed (S. $pidian), to destroy, to kill. Thisis the 
only sense in which this word is obsolete. 

rUAabher — 
No, ril *peed her niys^. 

O. P. LusT*s IknnNroif. 

How can you see to wounddeseftiM ri^ht i 

Just in the speeding place. 

O. P. What Yoir .l?lfix.f.. ^ 

Spence (p,V,dittpence), a larder, buttery, or cel« 

Al Thiolent as botUl in the iq>ence, 

Cha«ccr*s Sompnour's TAin. 

Sperb \B.8pirt(m), to ask, inquire, or investigate. 

^ perfy^ht key of Havid, whytlh openeth and no man tpearefh. 

O. M. God's Phomisbs. 

And oft ht 4wre(^ witii his montb^ 

Chaucbr's Sib Tiiopas. 

Spittle, a house appropriated for the cure of leprous 
and other diseased persons. 

She whom the spittle house and ulcerous sores 
Would cast the gorge at. 


Spoons. See *' Apostle Spoons.^' 

Sprack (Sw. tipraeg), apt at learning, ingenious. 

He is a good i^agmemory. 

M. WiTBS OP Windsob. 

Spring AL (O. F. e9frmgalkr), a young active nmn, 
<a i^ripfing. 

Among the rest which in that space befel 
There came two springals of foU tender years. 

Spbxsbb*s F. Qobbn. 


By my fay, he*s a good proper tpHngoUL. 

O. P. WtLT Bbo^ilb^. 

Squire ot the Body, a cant term for a pander or 

420 A CLM^AHiAh AMD 

apple «qiiife. See *' Apple Squire/* A Squire 
of tile Plaeket MBd the same lueaniDg'. 

Stadle (I^. «(acfel), that which serves for a support, 
as a staff or crotch. 

And aged UAbt of c y pfW •'oitf e Btout, 

Ami wlkliim ivy tviM Ui^mtet to girt akoit. 

at sil«Bm'f F. Qussir. 

Stavfxbr (F. BBtajfier)^ a servant who attends on 
fbot when hfs master rides; also^ an* attendaht on 
an officer of justice. 

Before the dame, mod rocmd alioat; 
Marcli*d wbiAers and ttaffien on foot. 

Stage (F. etage). A floor in ftncient houses w^ere 
the females of the Cftmily were lodged was called 
" the stage/' 

Then shaU men fetehe down offtiie tfofte 
All the maidens of Parage. 

Ff.oaicn anp Bt4jrcssri.ocnx. 

Stalivorth {S.staeltDort),ho\df cotirageous, strong-, 

For Godes lore, stmlwor^ie men, armeth yQ^. IMte. 

R. OP Gl.0VCBSTSR*S Chrost. 

Stammel (O. F. €8tam€t)y a species of' cloth, of 
ordinary texture ; the word is also used adjectively 
to denote its colour, which was pale red. 

I must be a lady: do you wear your quoif witih a Itcmdon 
licket ? your stammel petticoat with two guards. ? 

O. P. Eabtward Hon. 
That seem'd so stately In her Uammtl red.. 

O. P. Friar Bacon, &c. 

Stannyell, a bird of the hawk kind. 

And with what wing the ttannjftU cjheclgB at it. 

TwBLrrH Night. 



Star Chamber (L. Camera SulkUa), an ancient 
oourt held by the king in council, so called from 
the figures of stars painted on the roof; it had 
cognizance of riots, routs, &c. 

There is a court above of the Star Chamber, 

O. P. The Ma«nbtic Laoy. 

Stark (S. atarc), strong or stiff. 

For, God ht thankid, I can make ayaont, 
I fele my limmes 9tark and snlBsaant. 


Many a noUenuM^ lies stark and stiff. 

K. HsK. IV. 

Startup, a kind of half boot, laced in front; in the 
midland counties, spatterdashes are still called 
startups, Todd erroneously calls them high shoes. 

And of the bacon's ftkt to make 
His startups blacke and soft. 

Arosntilb akd Cvrav. 

Stations, the jumkes or stages between London 
and Rome or the Holy Land, for pilgrims and 
others to rest in their way thither. 

Yet have I been at Rome also. 
And gone the statyona all arow. 

O. P. Tbs i^ova Ps. 

State and tail, technical terms formerly used in 
the Bear Garden sports. [see '* Paris Garden"], 
and signifying the parting of the dogs by means of 
a staff or by pulling their tails. 

The conquering foe they soon assall'd} 
First TmUa sta»*d, and Cerdon taiVd, 
Until the mastiflh loos'd their hold. 


Steeple hat. Hats in the form of a sugar loaf in 
the crown and rising a quarter Of a yard above the 


420 A OUMSAftlAI^ AMD 

apple sqnife. See ** Apple Sqmre.'^ A Squire 
of tile Plaeket MBd the same meaning'. 

O. F. 1>iB Honxst Whokb^ S P4KT. 

Stadle (S. stadd), that which serves for a support, 
as a staff or crotch. 

And aged UAbt of c y pfW •'Alte Btout, 

Ami wlkliim ivy tviM Ui^vigbit to girt akoit. 

afSII«W'« F. QVBBX. 

Stavfikii (F. utajfier)^ a servant who attends on 
fbot when his master rides; also, an' attendaht on 
an officer of justice. 

Before ttie dame, mod rocmd tiKrat, 
March'd whilBers and Uu^kn on foot. 

Stage (F. eiage). A floor in ft&cient hooses w^ere 
the females of the &mily were lodged was called 
" the stage." 

TlMn shaU men fetehe down off tiie tfofte 
AU the maidens of Parage. 

Ff.o«icn ANP Bt4jrcasri.ocax. 

Stalivgrth (S.«taeZteior{),bold, courageous, strong, 

For Godes lore, «Ma«orM« men, armeUi y^m fttste. 

R. or Gl.OVCBSTSR*S Chrost. 

Stammel (O. F. estamet), a species of cloth, of 
ordinary texture ; the word is also used adjectively 
to denote its colour, which was pale red. 

I mnst be a lady: do yon wear your quoif witih a Landan 
licket ? your ttammel petticoat with two guards, i 

O. P. Eaatward Hos. 
That seem'd so stat^. In her ttafnmel red.. 

O. P. Friar Bacon, &c. 

Stannyell, a bird of the hawk kind. 

And with what wing the ttannjftU chcckjB at it. 

TwxLrrR- Niovr. 



Star Chamber (L. Camera Sullata), an ancient 
oourt held by the king in council, so called from 
the figures of stars painted on the roof; it had 
cognizance of riots, routs, &c. 

There is a court above of the Star Chamber, 

O. P. The Ma«nbtic Lady. 

Stark (S. atarc), strong or stiff. 

For, God ht thankid, I can make ayaont, 
I fele my limines stark and anffisaont. 


Many a nobleman lies «/ar jk and stiff. 

K. HcK. IV. 

Startup, a kind of half boot, laced in front; in the 
midland counties, spatterdashes are still called 
startups. Todd erroneously calls them high shoes* 

And of the bacon's ftkt to make 
His startups blacke and soft. 

Arosntils and Cvras, 

Stations, the jurrUes or stages between London 
and Rome or the Holy Land, for pilgrims and 
others to rest in their way thither. 

Yet have I been at Rome also. 
And gone the statyons all arow. 

O. P. TbS l^OVB Ps. 

Stavb and tail, technical terms formerly used in 
the Bear Garden sports. [see '* Paris Garden''], 
and signifying the parting of the dogs by means of 
a staff or by pulling their tails. 

The conquering foe they soon assall'd} 
First TmUa siatl'd, and Cerdon tdWd, 
Until the mastiflii loos'd their hold. 


Steeple hat. Hats in the form of a sugar loaf in 
the crown and rising aquarterof a yard above the 

o o 


head, became iashioimble about 1500 and cott^ 
tinaed in jogne for many years; tiiey were called 
iteeple or Torkey hats* 

To wear PooUp f^Mjile for ft Tmlqey iMt. 

I. Bstwood's SriOBK AMD Flt. 
How would tlUs long gown wifh tliis if mgife shew ? 

O. P. Thx Hons&t Whori. 

Stellify (L. stdla), literally^ to make a star of; 
figuratively, to deify. 

No wonder is thougrh Jore her »t»tt{fie» 

Chavcs«*s Pbo. to Lso. or Good Wombw. 

Sterte (S. stearfan), to die or perish* 

Thus he is woaed me to MTve, 
An evil deth mote he aterte. 

BOM^ OF m« SSTSN 8aoM. 

Steven (S.), an. appointed time; unset steven, is 
vritbout previous appointment, unexpectedly* 

For tiU da7 mete men at unsett Miivem, 

Chaucsr's Kniort's Talk. 

We may chance to meet with RObin Hood 
Here at some unset aieven, 

R. Hood avd Gtnr or Oisbosks. 

Stickler, an umpire between two combatants ; he 
was so called from carrying a stick or stave, to in- 
terpose, as occasion required, between the persons 
opposed to each other. 

And, stickler like, our armits sopanites. 

Tnoi. A3in> Cbbsb. 

S71LE, Tom o', and John o' Nokes, that is, 
Tom of the Stile and John of the Oaks, two ficti- 
tious names formerly used in law proceedings, 
whose services have long been superseded by the 
modern names John Doe and Richard I^oe. 


Convey men's iatttrett and light. 

From Stiles*s pocket unto NokeH*s, 

As easily as hocus pocus. 


Stint (S. stintan), to stop or retard. 

We must not sthit 

Ottr necessary actions in tiie fear 

To cope malicious censurers. 

K. Hbn. vxii. 

Dost th«u bestow thine alms-^to stint their begging ? 

O. P. Ths Jovial Crbw. 

Stith i^nd Stithy (S.), an anvils and sometimea 
the forge of a smith* 

" The smith 

That fdfffM ihirp swerdef on his <<^M. 


My iiMfflmtio&i irt w feol lui Vulow'i «l«Ay. 

Ham LIT. 

Stocoado (F. eatoccade), a thrust with a sword or 

Yoor fun^-ttoceadoi, and X know adbvhKt 

MU Wm» or WmosoK. 

Stoke (Ten. ateek), to confine or shut up; hence^ 
the stocks, a place of confinement. 

Thyme eye and eave, as I have spoke, 

Th{m haddest thou the gates ttoke, 

GownK*B Con. Axcf 

Stole (L. stola), a long garment or robe, anciently 
worn by kings, from whence is derived the name 
of the principal officer of the king^s bed'-chiEmiber^ 
'* Groom of the Stole.' 


And saUle slofe, (tfeypresi lawn, 
Over thy decent shoulders drawn. 

MitT<ni*B 111 Pknssroso. 

Stool. In the time of Shakspeare^ and later, it wa» 
the faAion fpr part of the audience to sit on stools 


on the stage; the price of each stool was one 

ru hold my life them took'st me for one of the players— if 
you had, I would h*Te gireii you but sixpence for your ttooU 

Ind. to O. p. Tb« Mai^ontbnt* 

The private stafe'e aodie&oc, the twelve peimy ttool gentlemen. 

O* P. Thb RoARiNe finu.. 

Stoop (S. etappd), a measure of capacity, supposed 
to have contained formerly two quarts* 

Marian, I ea/ ! a ttHp of wind 

Stot (S. 9tod hors)f a young* horse. 

The nf9 Mtt ttpofl a riifht go^ »{oi, 

OHAvona*! Psoi TO OAitTi Talu* 

Stovnd (8. Hund)^ houri time. 

SooB«lt«r th« tnto 9totm4$ 

A Ut«l miMw child ich foundt * 

&Ay ui Vii9ijf ft 
AUsI that flMNid it Bbidl Ml so. 

Ta!.! op VMnhia, 

Stovr (S. sttf^anyf a battle, assault, or quarrel. 

Out of the 9t9ur9 two men askaped ware. 

p. Mnotoft's Cbbon. 

The knight was lUre and stiffe in sioure, 

Cbavcbr*8 Hom. of tbb Rosb. 

Stover (F. e^tover), provision, fodder, necessaries; 
it is a term still used in law to signify sustenance 
in general. 

Assen and Mulyn with heore estweris, 

Rom. of K, Alisavkdbb. 

Strait (It. slrettoi), narrow, confined, girded tight, 
unyielding, rigid; hence the term strait laced, 
signifying a stiff and unbending demeanour. 

My gowne of greene it was too $traighte. 
Before it was too wide. 

O. B. Cbilp Watbbs< 
The rule of St. Manre and St. Benet, 
Because it was old and somdele ttreii, 



Strene (S.strynd), kindred, stock, race, descent 

Our sect is atrene for to sare, 

When ftiXbxe or mother ame in gmre, 

CHAVCKK'iB Ron. p» TffB ROSS* 

For that same beast was borne of hellish ttrene, 

Spbnsbr's F. Qvsbv. 

Strond (S. strand}, the beach, verge of the sea, 
river, or any piece of water. 

And pilgrims for to seeken strannge strondt, 

CHAucxa's Pro. to Cakt. Taxis* 

And breathe short winded accents of new broils 
To be eommencM in Hronds afsr remote. 

r Fart K. Hsk. !▼• 

Stum (S. stymceny^ wine not fermented. 

Drink er'ry letter on*t iii afUm, 

And make it brisk Champagne become. 


Styvour, an ancient wind instrument, said to re* 
semble a bagpipe, and peculiar to C6rnwali, m 

Harpes, et rotes, et canons^ 
Et ettHtet de Cornuelle. 

RoM. OF Clxomax>S8« 

Mvxy is the blast of the aiywur, 

Rom. or K. Alisaundrv. 

SuccussATioN (L. succusaatio), the trotting* or jog- 
ging pace of a horse. 

That is to say, whether toUatation, 
As they doterm% or $uceu99ation, 


SucKET (from suck)y a sweetmeat or confect. 

I warrant if the sucket stood before thee thy stomach would* 
go against it. 

O. P. Trb WoDm. OF A Kingdom^ 

Bring hither ntekets, candied delicates. 


SrcKiNEY (F. $ouquenie)y a. coarse loose frock or 
gaberdine, usually worn by carters and.labourenw 



AAd She had •& a Mi^lrtncy, 
lliat not of hempe hurdis was . 

Cbaugsa*6 Aom. op thb Ross. 

StTGGiL (L.migitio), to make black or blue spots by 

Thoach we with blacks and bines were wggilPd, 
Or, M the Tolgar tlKf, tie teiu%dlM. 


Summersault (F. soubresauU), a feat of agility 
exhibited by a tumbler, by tumbling head over 

For which some do the ntmmer$aulf. 
And o'er the bar, like tumblers, rault. 


Supernaculum. See " Thumb Nail.*' 
SuRBATE (F. $olbatir), to fatig«e or weary by ex- 
cessive travel, foot sore. 

I am already turhated with hoofinf already. 


Surcease (F. 9ur and cessd), to stop or cease. 

I will not do*t3 lest I twrceate to honour mine own truth. 


SuRQUEDRY (F. SUV and cuider^, overweening opi- 
nion, pride, presumption. 

They haunce her cause with false turquedrie, 

Cbauckr's Comp. or *nttt B.. Kniobt. 
Mig^ht, wanting measure, movetii turquedry. 


SuRSANURE (L.suraumaanatutn), a wound healed 
outw ardly but festering within. 

And well ye knowen that of a sitrsanure, 
In surgery is periloos the core. 

Cbaucsr's Pranslbin's Taue. 

Suzerain (F.), a name given in feudal times to a 
lord who possessed a fief (i, e. land held by fealty 
and homage), under which under flefs were held ; 


a sort of subaltern sovereign. The quotation al- 
ludes to Britain proper and Bretagne in France. 

Whfle Arthur reifn*d, two kingdoms bom to bless, 
Great Britain's king, and nixerain ot the less. 

Lay of Sir Guobmsr. 

SWAD (from S.swethan), a peascod before the puls6 
is ripe, an immature pea; figuratively used to sig- 
nify a raw country booby. 

1*11 warrmt t3iat vna derised by some ratr eataoXtf twaO, 

O. P. MioAS. 

Swaddle, a ludicrous word used by Butler^ signify- 
ing to beat^ cudgel, or drub. 

Great in the bench, great in the saddle. 
That eoald fts wcH btod o*Mr as twaddle. 


SwART (S. sweart), dark brown inclining to black. 

Swart, like my riioe. 

Com. of Bbsoes* 
No gobttA or MMwiftiry oftke nine. 

Milton's Comvs. 

Swash, to make a noise or clatter, to bluster; hence 
a swMh buckler is a noisy swaggering bully. 

As yonng as I am, I remember these Uiree twoihert, 

K. Hsir* ▼. 
We'll have a noashing a^d a martial outside. 

As You LiRS It. 

SwEAVEN (S. 9u>efen), a dream. 

Now, by my fkye, safd jollye Robin, 
A sweaven } had this night. 

O. B. R. Hood akd G. of Gisborkr. 

SwELTE (S. 8weltan)y died, fainted, swooned. 

All that he hitte aMon they swelle. 
* Rom. of Rich. Ccbur ns Lxox. 

Fol ofte a day he tweltt and said alas 1 
For Bene his lady shidl he tLfstfUfmn, 

CoAucsx's Knight's Taui. 

SwERE (S. ^weor), the neck. 


Sir Kay beheid that lady's Ue»p , 

And looked upon her iweere, 

Tbs MARRLiaB ov Sim GAWAnr, 
Geatil body for to food, 
White twire and long arms. 

Talc op Msblxk. 

SwiLKB (S. 9wilce), such, or to the ^ame purpose* 

I hare herd say men shuld take of twa tMngess 
SwUke as he flndiSk or twt/lre as he brings. 

CHAucaa*8 RsTx*s Tass. 

Swings buoklbr, a riotous boaster cmt bvlly. See 
*' Swash." ^ 

ton had not four sndi nringe iueklerafn aH die inns of oonxt. 

a Part K. Hbn. vr^ 

SwiNK (S. swine), labour, toil. 

Chad a goodly dinner for all ny sweato and awjfneke, 

O. P. Qam. 6ukton*8 Nxkblb. 
Great loobees and long, that loth were to turinke, 


SwiTHB (S.), quickly, instantly. 

King Estmere thrcwe the harpa asyde^ 
And 9wUhe he drew his brande. 


SwoRD. This weapon was formerly made with a 
cross at the handle, whence it was customary for a 
person to attest the truth by kissing the cross. 

Swear by this ttoord 
Thou wilt perform my bidding. 

Winter's Talb. 

And here nponmy twwudl make protest. 

O. P. G. A Grbsnrt 


Taas (F. tasy,^h%vp or mound. 

To ransake in the taax Qf bodys dede. 



Tabard (F, tabarre), a jacket of sleeveless coat, 
formerly worn by persons of rank as a surcoat, but 
now only used by heralds as part of their official 
costume. It is the sign of an ancient inn in South* 
Warky now corruptly called the Talbot. 

It bdell that season, oa a d!fty» 

In Sonthwark, at the Tabard as I lay. 

Cbavcbr's Pro. to CAitr. TAtl^St 

Tablr (S. tiBfl), a memorandum book or tablet, 
the kaves of which are generally made of ivory. 

A i»&ii^ td Mte») ftil of iterie. 
My Ml¥§t meel ilia I §fl II de¥Wi 


TABOVRSif , iHiklBf i eontlaued drammifif fioiMi aa 
00 i tibof« 

Tbit Mwrm in fPV «iK» nuuiy ft MUk 

Tack (F, attaoher), to join or $ew slightly together 

But if this twig: be made of woo4 
That will hold tacfc, 


Talks (L.), persons supplying the place of jurors 
not appearing or being challenged ; those in court 
are impannelled to make the jury complete* 

At inconsidenihle Tanaffs 

To serve for juryiDeii or tales, 


Tall (B.tal), stout, bold, courageous; ithadfor* 
merly no reference to height* 

I have seen the time, with my lonf sword I would hare made 
yon four tall fellows skip like rats. 

M. WilVBS OF WXNOS^ft, , 

We be three tall yeomen and thoa bat one. 

0« p. O. A GayiNi, 

430 A -CtOSaARiAL AV0 

Tapbt (L. tapetid), cloth worked in ilgrurci^ tapestry. 

Harkc is yon mr, mj beddt freth mad ca|P9» 
I have behABfed wtUi tapeUet &ew boai^t. 

Craocba** Rbm. 99 Lots. 

And in fhOM liy afo wercn fukiontd • 

Many fkire portnicts. 

8rBii8sa*« F* QmiBir. 

Tare (It. tart), k coin of Italy of the valae of five 
pence English, 

Am whilom to tiie wolfe spake the m»r^ 
Of all her arte count I not a tare, 

Tarok (S. largo), a small buckler or shield. 

Many a bright h«lm« and many a tptf « and imfg9» 

CttAV6Hft*« 0<»MP. OV Q. AftffflUDA* 

Tarrs, toitimulatei enoourafe, orietofi; a word 
of uncertain etymology^ unless it may be derived 
from the S.tmran, to irritate or provoke* 

Fadrls, nyle ye terre yoor lonnes wrath. 


And, like a do9 that ii compelled to llffht. 

Snatch at his master that doth tmrrt lUm on. 


Task (ET.tasq). This word formerly meant a sub- 
sidy or pecaniary tribute in lieu of services, de- 
nominated tasks, to be performed by tenure. The 
word has been corrupted into tax. 

In short time after he depos'd the ktof— 
And in the neck of th«t $a$k^d the whole state. 

1 Part K. Hbn. it. 

Tasts (F. taster), to touchy bridle, or feel. 

Leechea fit tiiey haa i.iouBd» 
Hiat gon to ttutjf his wound. 

Amis and Amil. 

Tatche (F. attacker), to fasten to a garment by a 
loop or button^ to stitch to. 


Hie me tat Sim GloTer*t ahop, there teek for a thenf » 
Therewith tiiis toeeeh to Moke and tye it as ich may. 

O. P. Gam. GvaTOK'8 Nsbosb. 

Tavern tokcn* Small coin were allowed 
struck by tradesmen during the time of Queen Eli* 
zabeth and subsequently, and called tokens; they 
were made of brass g^enerally, and of the size of a 
^rthing, though current for a halfpenny. Victual- 
lers, for the convenience of change, coined a great 
quantity, and from hence is derived the term ** a 
tavern token.'- 

I hare a device will sting him if he hare but a UUmUefbl of 
blood, or a sj^een not so big as a tavem ioken, 

. O. P. Ths Konast Whobx. 

Tead (O. F. tede), a torch. 

Witb bis bright tead, which flames with many a flake. 

Spsnssr*s Epitr, 

Tease (S. tasan), to disentangle or unravel ; hence 
to tauxel is to pull about or lug. 

And cheeks of sorry grain wUl serve to ply 
The^sampler and to tetme the housewife's wool. 

Milton's Comus. 

Teen (S. tinan), grief or sorrow. 

Love, of which Arcite hatii neither rothe ne tene, 

Chavcbr's CoMr. of Q. Annbuda. 

My fftce is ftiU of shame, my heart of teen, 

SuASSPXAaB's Vbnvs ana AnoNis. 

Tent, a corruption of tend, to watch, look after« or 

See ye take tent to this. 

B. Jonson's Sao SBBPHsaa. 

Ye maun baud weasel by the end of the loan, and take tent 

o* the Jaw-hole. 

Gut Mannxbino. 

Tercel (It terzuolo), a mule hawk. 

The iBlcon as the tercel for all the ducks i' th* river. 

Taei. AKD Cacss. 


Termaoaunt (L. TermagntU), a name given in the 
old romances to the god of the Saracens, and ^• 
nerally coopled with Mahoond or Mahomet, the 
prophet of the Tarks. 

The iMMT pait on Christ belicnred well. 
On TermMgttutU the more and on Mahowne. 

Faibvaz's OoDPnsr or Bvlloiov. 

Kor frii^tttie reader with the Pagan vaunt 
Of mightjre Mahonnd and preat TermagawU, 

Bp. Hall's Batibis, 

TsRBfER, a word formerly applied to persons of evH 
repute of either sex, but generally to prostitutes 
who visited the city in term time for the purpose 
of intriguing with the law students. 

Country ladles twelre } termer$ aU. 


Terrsmote (O. F. teremuet), an earthquake. 

All the halle quoke 

As it a /erfwmo^e were. 

GowBB's CoN. Am. 

Tester (F, te^tiere), a steel cap or helmet. 

The shieldes bri|;ht, tetters and tnqipares. 

Chaucbr's Knioht*s Talk. 

Teston (from O. F. teste, a head^, a coin origin* 
ally of the value of IBd, afterwards, of 9d. and 
lastly, of 6d, which still retains the name of tes^ 

There, theo, here's a teston for yon. 

O. P. Tbs Honbst Whorb. 

Tetchy, peevish, frpward, touchy, 

7etchy and wayward was^hy infuicy . 

K. Rich. hi. 

Thacke (S. thxice), thatch ; a man who roofs houses 
with straw, &c. is still called a thacker. 


That they would ever in houses of ikobke 
Their li^ea lead, and weare but blacke. 

Chaucbr's Drsam. 

Tharm (S. ihearm), the intestines of animals^ of 
which puddings are made. 

Great chieftain o* the pudding race ! 
Aboon them a* ye tak your place. 

Fainch, tripe, or thainn, 

BvaNs* HAOOI8. 

Thede (S. theod)y a country^ land, or king-dom. 

Thou Shalt have Perse and Mede, 
And Babylon the riche thede, 

Ron. OF K. Alisaunorx. 

Theorbo (It. tiorba), a large lute. 

And iNranttng nothing but a song 
And a well tun'd theorbo, 


Thew (S. iheaw), manners^ qualifications, demean- 

And full of vice and wicked thewes. 

Chauckr's Housb or ("aux. 

The mother of three daughters well upbrought 

In goodly thewes and godly exercise. 

Spe.vser*s F. Qvbbn« 

Thewes {S.theow), muscular strength. 

Care I for the limbs, the thewes^ the stature of a man ? 

2 Part K. Hen. it. 

Thilk (S. thilc), that same, the like ; a contraction 
of the ilke. 

And also of wivehood thilk tendir floure. 

Chaucer's Mbrcsavt's TAtB. 
I love thilk lass : alas ! why do I love i 

Spbxsxr*s Pastorals* 

Thill (S. thille), the shafts of a waggon or cart. 

Thou hast got more hair on thy chin than my thill horse 
Dobbin has on his tail. Mbr. of Vbnicx* 

Thirl (S. thirlian), to pierce or stab. 

So thirled with the point of rcmembraunce, 

The swerde of sorrow, wette with false plesaonce. 

Cuavcbr*s Coup, of Q* Annblida. 



Thole (L. tholu^), the centre of the arched roof of 
a temple. 

Let altars smoke and tholes expect oar totla. 

O. P. FuiMus Tkobs. 

TflORP (S. thorp), a village. 

Cities, burroughs, casteles, and hie tours, 
Thorpe* and bamis. 

Cbaucbr*s Wifb op Bath's Tali. 

Thrall (S. thraU), a slave or bondsman. 

My servant whieh that is my thrutt by right. 

Chal'cbr's Db. of Phtsick's Talit. 

Threape (S. thrafian), to argue, contend, or per* 
tenaciously dispute. 

It's no for a man with a woman to threape. 
Unless he first give o'er the plea. 

O. B. Takb Thy Old Cloak about Thbi. 

Three Pigeons, at Brentford. This very 
ancient inn is frequently mentioned by the early 
dramatists, and appears, at one time, to have been 
in no great repute; it is remarkable as having had 
for its landlord the celebrated tragedian John 
Lowine, a cotemporary of Shakspeare and one of 
the original actors in his plays, who died there at 
a very advanced age. 

Tli'art admirably suited for the Three Pigeons, at Brentford; 

I'll swear I know thee not. 

O. P. Tub Roarin'g Girl. 

We will turn our course 
To Jiraineford, westward; 
My bud of the night, we'll tickle it at the Three Pigeons, 

B. JoxsoN's Alcbtmist. 

Thridborow (from third and borough), a petty 
peace officer or village constable. 

Hob Andrew he was thridboro; 

He bad hom " pesse," God gif him sorro < 




Thrill (S. thirlian), to pierce or thrust through; 
from hence the modern word drill. 

Though ye him thrilled with a spere. 

Chaucer's Rom. of thb Rose. 

With that, one of his thrillant darts he threw. 

Spenskr*s F. Qukbv. 

Thring (S. thringan), to press, thrust, or squeeze, 
in the same sense as the present word throng*. 

Bat in his sieve he gran to thring 
A rasour sharpe and well beting. 

Chaucer's Rom. of the Ross. 

Throstle (S.), the thrush. 

Te deum amoris sang the thrustle cock. 

Chaucer's Court of Love. 
If a throttle sing, he falls straight a capering. 

Mer. of Venice. 

Throw (S. thrah), a time, a while> a short space. 

Eche mon hadde grete throwe 

For to lokc that was bis owe. 

Ron. of K. Alisaundbk. 

And love had gette him in thia tkrawe 

Another arow into his bowe. 

Chaucer's Rom. of thb Rose. 

Thrum, the ends of a weaver's warp, the fringe, 
any coarse woollen yarn ; said to be derived from 
the Norman-French thrommes. The caps of the 
common people were formerly made of thrum. 

And there's her thrum hat and her muffler. 

M. Wives of Windsor. 

Thumb nail. It was formerly the custom with 
topers to drain the cup out of which they had 
drank upon the thumb nail, to shew that all the 
liquor was drank^ and this was called drinking* 

We have general rules that goe from drunkard to drunkard} 

lus, not to leave any flockes in your pot, to knock the glass on 

Your thumbe when you have done. 

P. Pbnnusssss Supp. 



Thwittlb (S.), a knife ; the word it still in use in 
the north. 

A Shefild tkwiile bare he in. his hose. 

Cbaccxk's Rxtx's Taib. 

Now having spent their drink and vittles» 
They rose to wipe their greasy thwittlea, 

Co<rTON*s ViRO. Taav. 

Tick (F. tique), a small black insect which infests 

I had rather be a tick in a sheep than such a valiant ignorance. 

Troi. and Crxss. 

Tickle. In the sense this word is used by Chaucer 
and others, it is of doubtful etymology ; it is pro- 
bably a corruption of fickle, as it bears the same 
meaning — unsteady, uncertain. 

For horde hath hate and climbyng tikilneue. 

Chaucer's Baladx of Godb CovsnAihM, 

Now stands our fortune on a tichle point. 

O. P. Thr Spanish Traoxdt. 

Tide (S. tid), time or season, the divisions of the 
24 hours. From an ancient book, in the old Ger- 
man dialect, called Speygel der Leyen, or the 
Mirrour of Laymen, it appears that the 24 hours 
were divided into prime, tierce^ sext, none, vesper, 
fall of night, and metten, t. e. nightly mass. Our 
ancestors had also certain divisions of the artificial 
day, as prime, noon, undertide, &c. 

Thus these dragons with these knights 
Foughten two Hde$ of the night. 

Rom. of K. Alisaundrs. 

And rest'thelr weary limbs a tide. 

Spsnssr's F. Qusbn. 

TiFFELER. This word is uncertain both as to its 
definition and etymology. Dr. Jamieson says^^ ta 


tiffie is to disorder by handling-, and illustrates this 
meaning' by quoting P. Plowman ; but the quota- 
tion is from Chaucer, which does not warrant the 
definition given to it by the doctor. I conceive 
the word to be derived from the old French cUtifer, 
to decky adorn, or make spruce; and that tiffeler 
signified a person overfond of dress: to be tift tnU 
is still a saying of a person smartly or sprucely 
drest. The context of The Plotvman*8 Tale jus- 
tifies the definition here given of the word. 

TiffelerZt^ attired in trecherie. 
All sach factours foale hem befall. 

Chaucer's Plowman's Tali. 

Till (S. iiX), to or unto ; in this sense the word it 
used by all the old authors, and it is still so used 
in the north. 

Worde is coming: to lovely London 

7iO Xb» foorth Harry our kyng. 

O. B. Cbsvt Chacb. 

Tilly valley, an expression of impatience or con- 
tempt at a triffling or absurd observation, said to 
be derived from the French hunting phrase, ** Ty 
y hillavt et valleey," but this derivation seems 
hypothetical ; the probability is, that like most in- 
terjectional phrases, as pshaw! &c. though the 
meaning may be understood, the origin of the term 
is lost in obscurity. 

Am not I of her blood, tillj/ valley lady ? 

Twelfth Nigbt. 

Tilth (S, tUian), the tilling, digging, or improv- 
ing land. 



Thwittle (S.)y a knife ; the word is still in ose in 
the north. 

A Shefild thwitle bare he in his hose. 

Chaucbk's Rxtx's Tau. 

Xow havinir spent their drink and vittles^ 
They rose to wipe their greasy thmttltt. 


Tick (F. tique), a small black insect which infests 

I had rather be a tick in a sheep than such a valiant ignorance. 

Troi. and Crsss. 

Tickle. In the sense this word is used by Chaucer 
and others, it is of doubtful etymology ; it is pro- 
bably a corruption of fickle, as it bears the same 
meaning — unsteady, uncertain. 

For horde hath hate and climbyng tikilnene, 

Chaucxr's Balapb or Gods Counsailx. 

Now stands our fortune on a iickle point. 

O. P. Thr Spanish Tragxdt. 

Tide (S. tid), time or season, the divisions of the 
24 hours. From an ancient book, in the old Ger- 
man dialect, called Speygel der Leyen, or the 
Mirrour of Laymen, it appears that the 24 hours 
were divided into prime, tierce^ sext, none, vesper, 
fall of night, and metten, t . e. nightly mass. Our 
ancestors had also certain divisions of the artificial 
day, as prime, noon, undertide, &c. 

Thus these dragons with these knights 
Foughten two tide* of the night. 

Rom. of K. Alisaundrr. 

And rest'their weary limbs a tide, 

Sprnsrr*s F. Qctrrn. 

TiFFELER. This word is uncertain both as to its 
definition and etymology. Dr. Jamieson says^ ta 


tiffie is to disorder by handling-, and illustrates this 
meaning' by quoting P. Plowman ; but the quota- 
tion is from Chaucer, which does not warrant the 
definition given to it by the doctor. I conceive 
the word to be derived from the old French cUtifer, 
to decky adorn, or make spruce; and that tiffeler 
signified a person overfond of dress: to be tift mU 
is still a saying of a person smartly or sprucely 
drest. The context of The Plotvman'8 Tale jus- 
tifies the definition here given of the word. 

Tiffelers,. attired in trecherie. 
All sach factours foale hem befall. 

Chavcbr's Plowman's Tali. 

Till (S. tU), to or unto ; in this sense the word it 
used by all the old authors, and it is still so used 
in the north. 

Worde is coming: to lovely London 

TiU tb« foorth Harry our kyng. 

O. B. Cbsvt Chacb. 

Tilly valley, an expression of impatience or con- 
tempt at a triffling or absurd observation, said to 
be derived from the French hunting phrase, " Ty 
y hillavt et valleey," but this derivation seems 
hypothetical ; the probability is, that like most in- 
terjectional phrases, as pshaw! &c. though the 
meaning may be understood, the origin of the term 
is lost in obscurity. 

Am not I of her blood, tUljf valley lady } 

Twelfth Nigbt. 

Tilth (S. tUian), the tilling, digging, or improv- 
ing land. 



Eren so her plenteous womb 
Ezpresseth his full tiith and husbandry. 

Mjias. for Mea<<. 

Tine (S. tynan), to set on fire or light. 

— - Tlie clouds, 

Justlinir or push'd with winds rude, in their shock 

Tine the slant lightenlngr* 

PARr Itosr. 

Tire (F. atours), the head dress of a woman. 

If I had such a tire, this face of mine 
Were fvHl as lovely as is this of her*s. 

Two Gents, of Vsrona# 

Tire (S. iiran), a term in falconry, sig-nifying- to 
prey upon or tear to pieces. 

Look how that g^oshawk tireth. 

Gowsr's Con. Am. 

Ixion's torment, Sysiph's rolling: stone. 
And th' eagle tyerijig on Prometheus. 

O. P. Cornelia. 

ToFORE (S. toforari), before. To is frequently by 
old writers prefixed to other words without vary- 
ing their signification ; as, to-brent, to-tore^ &c. 

O would thou wert as thou to/ore hast been. 

Tit. Andron. 

Tokens. The spots which appeared upon the skins 
of persons infected with the plague were called 
tokens, as being certain signs of death. 

He is so plaguy proud, that the death tokens of it Cry— no 

Troi. and Cress. 

ToLE (S.), to invite, induce, or draw by allurement. 

To make me follow, and to tole me on 
Through mire and standing pools. 

Fletcher's Faithful ShspxrdsSs. 
Now comes my part to toll him hither. 

O. P. Women, beware Women. 

Toledo, a city of New Castile, in Spain, famous 
for making fine tempered sword blades. 


The trenchant blade, Toledo trusty. 
For want of fighting: was grown rusty. 


ToLLUTATiON (L. toluto^, the ambling pace of a 

horse. See *' Succusation." 
ToppE (S. top), the head, crown, or summit of any 


Toppe and mgge, and croupe and cors. 

Is semblable to an hors. 

Rom. of K» Alisavsdhjh, 

TopsY TURVEY, upside down or bottom upwards. 
This word has exercised the ingenuity of several 
philologists as to its etymology; the editor of the 
last edition of 7%e Old English Drama suggests 
that it is an abbreviation of topside Vather way, 
and this seems most clearly to define its meaning. 

We shall o*ertum It topsy turvy down. 

K. Hbn. it. 
That sees the world turn topsp turvy with me. 


Tort (F.), wrong or injury; a word still retained 
in law proceedings. 

Gainst him that had them long oppress*d with tort» 

Spbnsbr's F. Qubbr. 

ToRTiVE (L. tortus)^ wreathed, twisted. 

Infed tiie sound pine and divert its grain 

Tortive and errant from its course of growth. 


Tote (S, totian), to pry, to look after; to tout is a 
word still in use at watering places, signifying to 
look after and solicit custom to taverns, &c. 

Thei toteth on their summe total. 

Chaucbr'b Plowman's Talb. 

Then toted I unto a tayeme. 

P. Plowman's Cbbbo. 


Tourney (L. tovrruimentum), a mock battle or 
military sporty where many combatants were en- 
gaged; the joust was a trial of skill between one 
man and another. 

la Hii^e UMl Micmii tones have sangr* 
Of twmeifM aad of trophies hong. 

Milton's II Psnsbkoso. 

Trail (F. traUler), a term in huntings signifying 
the scent left on the ground ran over by the game. 

If 1 017 out thus upon no traU, newer trust me when I open 

M. Wives OP WlKDSOB. 

Traile (F. treille), an arbour. 

And sette me down alone behind a traile, 
Fui oi leyis, to see so grete menraile. 

CflADCsa's La Bells Dams, ftc. 

Trammel (O. F. trcnnel), a net to catch birds. 

Her golden lockes she couadiy did upty 

In braided trammel*. 

Spxnssr's F. Qvxsn. 

Transmew (F. transmuer), to change or meta- 

Men into stones therewith he coold trantmew. 


Trash, to cut off or lop the superfluous branches of 
trees; probably a corruption of the F, trancher, to 

Whom to advance and whom 
To trash for overtoiling. 


Traytrip^ an old game at tables or draughts. 

But leaving casdes, lett*8 goe to dice awhile. 
To passage, trei trippe, hazard, or mnmchance. 

Machivbll's Dogox. 

Treague (low L. treuga), a truce or cessation of 


She them besought, daring their quiet treague. 
Into her lodging to refrane awhile. 

Spenser's P. Qcbxk. 

Trechoure (F. tricheur), a traitor or treacherous 

God judged me for a thefe treachour, 

Chaucer's Rox. of the Ross. 

In which the kyng was a trechetour 

Disguised slaine. 

Spenser's F. Queen. 

Tregetoure (F. tricheur^, a cheat, jug^g^ler, or 

Two tregetoures art thou and he*, 
That in mine house do me this shame. 

Chaucer's Rom. op the Roib. 

Trenchant (F.), sharp, cutting. 

Aye by bis belt he bare a long payade. 
And of a sword ful trenchant was the blade. 


Trenchmore^ an old lively dance^ much in repute 
io the time of Queen Elizabeth. 

I'll make him dance a trenchmore to my sword. 

O. P. Ram Allbt. 

I'faith my tongue trips trenchmore, 

O. P. The London Prod. 

Trental (F. trenie), the service of thirty masses, 
said for the soul of a deceased person ^ also, the 
allowance to the priest for performing' the service^ 

Trentalh, quoth he, delivereth flro penaunce 
Their friendis soulis, as well olde aa younge. 

Cbaucbr's Sompnour'8 Tai.9. 

Trepeget (F. trebuchet), a military weapon for 
projecting stones. 

Withouten stroke it mote be take, 
Of trepeget or mangonel. 

Chaucer's Rom. or thb Rofi« 

Tretable (F.), tractable, mild, genlle. 


Kneeling^ down, with wordis lamentable 
Do your message, speke faire and tretabU^ 

Chaucer's Lam. of M. Magdelitcs^. 

Tri8T (L. tristts), sorrowful, melancholy, gfloomy. 

Amaz'd, ashamM, disg^racM, sad, silent, trist, 

Alone he would all day in darkness sit. 


Triste, a rendezvous or appointed meeting'. 

T« shall be set at such a triste. 

That hart and hind shall come to your fiste. 

Lydoatk's SQriRx of Low Dbgkbb*. 

Think not Gray Steel, albeit he wold, 
Shall hinder you your tri/st to hold. 

O. B. Sir Eger, Sir Grasam, awd 
Sir Gray StbjsLi 

TntUMPtt. Any public exhibition or grand procee- 
lion waa Tormerly no called, which grenerally took 
ptftca at nighif and waa accompanied by periona 
bearing torchea. 

0| thou art a p?rpetaal Mvmph, an eferlaitinf bonfire liyht. 

1 Part Kt Hhk. it. 

TuotL (Du. troUen), a phrase in drinking: for paas- 
Ing* the bowl or cup. 

Trowl the bowl, the jolly nut brown bowl. 

Orkkar's Shoemakers' Holiday* 

Now the cups iroll to what the gossips whistles. 

O. P. A Chast Mayd in Chkapsids, 

Trol my dame, a corruption of the French trau 
madam€,hghxne played by rolling* small balls into 
boles made in a board. 

A fellow, sir, that I have known to go about with trol-mif 'dames. 

WiNTXR*s Talk. 

Trossers (F. trousses), long breeches, similar to 
the modern pantaloon, except that they were nojt 
worn loose but close to the skin* 



You rode like a kern of Ireland; your French hose off and 

in your strait trossers, 

K. Hkk. v. 

Trot (Ger.), a term of contempt applied to an old 

The old trot sits groakig, with alas ! and alasl 

O. P. Gam. GirRTON^s Ncsdlb. 

Go ! that grunpowder consume the old trot. 

O. P. The Supposes. 

Trouvers (F.), the ancient poets of the north of 
France, who with their minstrels were i\ie con- 
stant attendants at the tables of the g^reat barons, 
at which were sung* and recited the warlike deeds 
of their ancestors. 

While needy knights t rowers, the sires of verse. 
And thralls his large beneficence rehearse. 

Lay of Sir Grublan. 

Trow (S. triowe), to think, conceive, believe, or 
trust, a very old word, and sometimes used as an 

Al short wordis thou shait trow ail by me. 

Chaucer's Troi. and Crbss. 

I trow he'll come no more to my house. 

O. P. Wily Beguiled. 
Who's there trowf 

M. Wives of Windsor, 

Truchman (F.), an interpreter. 

For he that is the iroucheman of a stranger's tongue may 

well declare his meaning. 

Whetstone's Heptambron. 

Attain'd thy language, I'll thy truchman be. 

O. P. The Queen of Arraoon. 

Trueman, a word in use formerly to signify an 
honest man, in opposition to a thief. 

The thieves have bound the truemen, 

1 Part K. Hex. iv. 

Now, trueman, try if thou can'st rob a thief. 

O. P. The Four Apprentices of London. 


Truepenny^ a familiar word for an honest fellow. 

Saiy'st thou so i art thou there, truepenny f 

niol ho! there, tHiiiru^enny, 

O.P. Tub MAx.coirTBKT. 

Trump, an ancient game at cards, supposed to be 
somewhat like the modern game of whist. 

We be ftist set at trump, man, hard by the fyre. 

O. P. Gam. Gukton's Nkxdi^. 

Tryacle (L. theriaca), treacle, a supposed remedy 
against poison, very efficacious, according to an- 
cient opinion. 

Of the water drinke ne taste. 
Or he had asked tryacle ia. haste. 

Rou. or K. Alisaundbc. 

Rycher is one boxe of this tryacle 

Than all thy relykes that do no msrrakele. 

O. P. Thb Four P*8. 

Tumbler, a species of dog, the breed of which is 
now extinct, so called from its hunting rabbits, &c. 
by not running directly to the game, but in a care* 
less manner, tumbling about till within reach of 
the animal, which it seized by a sudden spring. 

Or like a tumkler, that does play 

His i^me and look another way. 


TuRNBULL Street. This street (properly Turn- 
mill Street), near Clerkenwell, was formerly the 
abode of the lowest classes of thieves and prosti- 

This same starr'd justice hath done nothing but prate to me 

of the wildness of his youth, and the feats he hath done aboat 

Twrnbull Street, 

2 Part K. Hbn. it. 

Like one of those same rambling boys, that reign 
In Turnbull Street. 



Ti^'ATTLE (Teu. schiDcUzen) , idle prate or chatter. 

Let twatling Flune cheat others' rest. 

O. P. What You Will. 

TwiBiLL (S.), a sort of halberd, pole axe, or two 
edgped sword. 

The churlish axe aad twybill to prepare. 


Where tvoibill h\m( with basket httt. 

Cotton*! Viro. Trav. 

TwiGGEN (S. twig)y made of twigs^ wicker work. 

1*11 beat the knave into a twiggen bottle. 


TwiGHT (S. edwitan), to reproach, sneer at> or 
flout; to twit, which is the modern word. 

And eyermore she did him sharply iwight, 

For breach of faith to her which he had firmly plight. 

. Spenser's F. Qubbit. 
Hath he not twit oor sovereign lady here i 

3 Part K. Hbn. yi. 

Twin (S. twcBman), to part or divide. 

Wc see all day in place thing that a manne Wynnes, 
It is told purchase whether he holde or twynnes, 

P. Lanotopt*s Crrov. 
Sche has twin*d the zong thing and his life, 
A word he nevir spak mair. 

O. B. The Jew*s Davohtsr. 

TwiRE. This word is of doubtful etymology; the 
fanciful one of Todd, from the Germ, ziltem, to 
tremble, is not justified by any authority, and the 
examples quoted by him rather confirm the defini- 
tion given by others, t. e, to peep or leer slyly or 

Which maids will twife at through their fingers. 

B. JoNSON*8 Sao Sbbphbrd. 
I spied a thing and I pcer'd, and 1 tweer*d ondemcath. 

O. P. Akt. and Mellida. 
I saw the wench which twif*d and twinkled at thee. 


,446 A «L08SAafAL AND 

V and U. 
Vade (L, vado), to fade« pass away, or decay. 

Am vaded |:1om no mbUnctriU refresh. 


However gaj their blossom or their blade 
Do flourish now, they into dost shall vade. 

SrnrssR's F. Qvsbk. 

Vail (F. avaler), to lower; to bend in token of 
submission or respect. 

Let me alone, my lord j I'll make them vail ISieir plnmes. 

O. P. GsoROB A Grbsnb. 
Seeing it is the ftishion of the world, he wUl twi/lKmnet to beauty. 

O. P. Endtjuox. 

Valise (F.), a portmanteau, cloak bag-, or wallet. 

In the vailies of my trust lock'd up for erer. 

B. Jonson's T. or a Tub. 

Vantbrace (F. avantbraa), a piece of armour to 
protect the arm. 

And my vantbrace put tills withered brawn. 

Troi. and Cress. 

Varlet (O. F.), a name formerly given to ail young* 
men of noble birth previous to receiving the 
honour of knighthood ; afterwards it designated 
an attendant on a knight or warrior; and finally 
it became and still continues a term of reproach. 

Good lack, my mates, wherever he abides, 
Oor gentle varlet Aucassin betides. 

O. B. Aucassin and Nicolbtts. 
sCall here my varlet; I'll unarm again. 

Troi. and Crsss. 

Vavasoure (F. vavasseur), formerly a nobleman 
next in dignity to a baron, but the precise rank is 


not defined ; in later times it was a name applied 
to one who holding of a superior lord had others 
holding under him. 

A sheriffs had he been ami a coxononr. 
Was no where such a worthy vavasotir. 

Chauckr's Franxlbin*s Talk. 

Vaward (from van and ward), the fore part. 

Since we have the vaward of the day, 

My love shall hear the music of my hounds. 

Mius. Night's DasAM. 

Teck (It. vecchia), an old woman ; a term of de^ 

Which hath ordained jealoasie» 
An oldc veckct for to espie 
The Ruuiir of his gouvernannce. 

Chaucbr's Rom. oP'ra>«ltorai 

TEe^ET (L. vegeta%), lively, active, sprightly. 

A stone of lustre, I assore yon; 
It darts a pretty light, a niget spark. 

O. P. Trb Orsinart. 

Vein (F. veine), humour, mood, temper. 

There is no following her in this fieree vein, 

MiDR. NU>BT*8 DRSAH. not in the giving vein to day. 

K; Rich, my 

Velure (F. veUmra)^ velvet. 

Did not yon walk the town 
In a long cloak half compasa'd ? an old hat 
Iin*d with veUuref 


Veney and Venew {?.vmue)y a bout or turn of. 
fencing, a hit. 

I brui8*d my shin with playing at sword and dagger, three 
veneyt fbra dish of stew*d pninet. 

M. WiVKs OF Windsor. 

So there's venjf for venegt I have given*! him in tiie speeding 
place. O. P. The Widow's Tbarb. 

VjcNTAiLE. See " Adventiale.'' 


Ventovsing (F. ventouser), cupping. 

^That neither yeine, blode, ne tentousing, 
Ne drinkis of herbes may ben helping. 

Chaucer's Knight's Tals» 

Verdite (L. veredicfum), opinion^ decision. 

The water foxiles have their heddes laid 
Togrider, and of short advisement 
IKlien cverich had his verdite said. 

Cbaccbr*8 Arskmbltb or Foulks. 

Verger (F. vergier), a garden or orchard. 

He is 7-set In a rergtft 

And with hym mony a kayser. 

Rom. op K. AuiAVNDRi^ 
Ha lad me with a rif ht f ode ohen, 
AU enTiron on the tergtrt* 

CiiAucKa*t Rom. op tmx Rota. 

Vermelet (F. vermeil), red> of a vermilion colour. 

O brifht Rtflna! who made thee so fairei 
VTho made thy colour vermelet and white i 


VbrnaclEj a handkerchief or napkin^ having* the 
impression of the face of Christ in the centre; sa 
called from St. Veronica, whose handkerchief was 
said to he miraculously so imprinted, on Christ's 
wiping his face with it as he was carrying the 
cross. It is said still to he preserved in the church 
of St. Peter at Rome. 

A vemicle had he sew'd on his cappe. 

Cbauckr's Pro. to Cant. Talks. 

Via, an interjection common in the old drama^ of 
no precise meaning, but indicative of consent or 
encouragement; of a similar import to the French 
allons ! 

Why via, to London we will march amain. 

3 Part K. Hxn. yx. 
Come, now, via aloune to Celia. 

O.P. What You Will,. 


Vice, the mimic or baffoon of the old moralities, 
which preceded the regular drama; he usually 
carried a dag-ger of lath, and wore a mask. 

Thus, like the formal vice iniquity, 

I moralize two meanings in one word. 

K. Rich. hi. 

A vice of kings— a cutpurse of the empire. 


Vies, a contraction of De Vies, the original name of 
Devizes, in Wiltshire; near this place, at Round- 
way Down, the royalists defeated the parliamentary 
forces commanded by Sir William Waller, in 1643. 

While the proud Vies your trophies hoal^t. 

And unrevcnged walks (Waller's) ghost. 


Villain (F. vilain)^ a name given under the feudal 
system to a servant or bondsman, who was at- 
tached to the soil and transferable by sale; both 
the title and tenure were abolished by 12 Car. II. 

I'll pay him forty livfes by the year, 
Viilain or clerk, nor think the bargain dear. 

Thk Priest. Wat's Fabliaux. 

ViNOLENT (L. vinolentiisy, fond of wine to inebria- 
tion,^ full of wine. 

In women vinolent is no defence. 

Chaucer's Wifb of Bath. 

Al vinolent as botil in the spence. 

Chaucer's Sompxour's Tale. 

ViRE (F.), an arrow called a quarrel, used only to 
the cross bow. 

As a vire 

Which flieth out of a mighty bowe. 

Gower's Con. Am, 

ViRELAY (F.), an ancient French poem, of a pecu- 
liar measure. 



Of which matere he made many layes. 
Songs, comi^aints, Roondells, virelayet. 

Chavcbr's Frank lcin*s Talk 

Virginal^ a sort of spinnet, called so^ says Blount, 
''because virgins do most commonly play on them/' 

Tills was her schoolmaster, and taught her to play i:4»on the 


O. P. Thk Honbst WupRK. 

ViROUN (from F. virer^ to turn), a circuit. 

The red dragon that was so felle 

DroTe the whete far adoun, 

Into the plains a great viroun, 

T. or Mbrli^. 

ViSNOMY (a corruption o^ physiognomy), the face. 

And but half seen hid ugly viBnomie. 

Spbnsbr's F. Qubsn. 

Vitilitigation (from L. vitiosus and litigo), con- . 
tention in law, cavilling'. 

I'll force you by right ratiocination 
Toieave your vitiUtigation. 


Umbles (F.), the entrails of a deer [see '^ Nom- 
bles], the inside. 

Faith, a good well set fellow, if his spirit 

Be answerable to his umbles. 

O. P. The Roaring Girl. 

Umbriere (L. umbrare), the visor of an helmet. 

But the brave maid would not disarmed be, 

But only vented up h^r umbriere. 

Spbkser's F. Qubbn. 

Ukaneled. See " Aneal.'' 

Underfong (S. underfangan), to undertake, 

Gif thou this battle under/or^e. 
Thou Shalt have aventures stronge. 

Amis ANn Abiilouv. 

He under/ongeth a great pain. 

Chaucer's Rom. of thk Rosb. 

Undern (S.). By the Saxon division of the day. 


undern tide appears to have been about 9 o'clock 
in the mornings, the time our ancestors took their 
principal meal ; and it is suggested by Mr. Boucher 
that the modern word dinner may be a corruption 
or modification of undern, 

Betuex ondern and noen vras the felde al vronnen. 


Abouten underne 'gan this erle alight. 

Chaucer'js Clsrkjcs Talk. 

* Underspore (S. under and speare), to heave up 
by applying a pole or lever underneath. 

Get me a staff that I may underspore, 
Whilst that thou' Robin hevest up the doro; 

Chaucer's Miller's Talk. 

UNDrGHT. undecked, unadorned. See " Dight.*^ 

Says she, I may not stay till night, 
And leave my summer hall undight, 


Unhappy, unlucky, mischievous, inclined to wag- 

A shrewd knave and an unhappy! 

All's Well that Evds Well. 
I am no thought catcher, but I guess unhappily, 

O. Pr Alex, and Camtf. 

Unhouselled (S. huBlian), not havkig received 
the holy sacrament. See *' Housle." 

Cut off even in the blossoms of my sins, 
UnhouseWd, &c, 


Unkempt (L. incomptus), uncombed, rugged. 

Her bright hcare vras imkempi and untressed all. 

Chaucer's Knight's Talb^ 

Unneath (S. un and eath), uneasy, with difficulty, 

Tlie miller with dronken was all pale, 
So that unnethe upon kis horse he sat. 

Cbaucsb'0 Millsb*s Tale, 


Uneatk may she endure the flirty streets. 

S Part K. Hkn. yi. 

Unready, undressed, not prepared. 

How now, my lords ? what all vnreaiyf 

I Part K. Hbv. vi. 

Why I h(^ you arc not going to bed; I see you ve not yet 

O. P. MoKS. d'Oliyk. 

YoiD^ to quit or leave, an old word, sometimes spelt 

Tidings send that he hath sene 
To voitfe him of his painis clene. 

Chaucer's Rom. of the Rosb. 

Aw>id the gallery. 

K. Hbn. viri. 

ToiD and Voider. To void, was a term used to 
remove the broken victuals after a meal into the 
voider, a basket made for carrying- away the frag- 
ments^ and a voiding knifes was a large wooden 
implement used for sweeping the bones and other 
refuse of the meal from the table. 

His office to aooid the table in a fair and decent manner. 

Q. Elizabxth's Pkoo. at the Tb&iplb. 

One of the stage directions in the old play A Woman 
KiUed with Kindness, is enter three or four serv- 
ingmen with a voider and a wooden knife, to take 
VotEPERE (F. envehper), a kerchief to tie round tlie 

The tapes of Yiex white voUpere 
Were of the same serte of her colerc. 

Chaucer's Miller's Tale. 

Upright. This word is used by Chaucer to signify 
a straight position^ whether horizontal or perpen- 


While that the corse lay on the Acre upright. 

Chaucer's Pro. to W. or Batb. 

Urchin (Ar. hettreuchin), a hedge hog. 

Like sharpe urchins his here was growe. 

CiiAuc&R*s Rom. of tbk Ross. 

But to fold up thyself like an urchin. 

O. P. May DAT. 

Ure, an old word signifying* habit, practice, nse; 
a contraction of the L. umira. 

In speedie wise to put the same in ure^ 

O. P. FsRRKX And Porrk^ 

Usance (R), interest paid for the use of money. , 

__ Supply your present wants, 
Attd take no doit of umnce for my monies. 

Mmh. or VflKscB, 

Vbe, of the same import as the last word. 

Ind««d, my lord, he lent it me, and 1 gave him uic for it. 

MUGR Aoo Abovt Notrino. 

Utis, an ancient law term signifj^in^ the eighth day 
after any festival (from the F. huit) ; it also de- 
noted the festival itself. 

By the mass, here will be ojd utisj it will be an excellent 


2 Part K. Hen. jv. 

Utterance (F. outrance), extremity or excess. 

Of Christ's cause, in honour of his name» 

Shove on, and put his foes to utterance, 

Chaucer's Pro. to Cant. Talks. 

Come fate into the list, 

And champion me to th' utterance, 



Wade (L. vadum), to pass or go with dang;er or. 


Tfuntoxt my ooansel ii, 70a shall not stir. 
Nor tether ipwle in mch a case as this. 

O. P. Tancrbd and Gismunda. 

Waiment (O. V^gaimmter), to weep, lament, or 

Whan moMTOw rame gan make her mumeii^tfi^. 

Cuaucbr'S Taoi. and Chbss. 

For what boots it to weep and to wajfment. 

Spbnsbr's F. Quxbn* 

Waistcoatekk, a name formerly given to common 
prostitutes, from a garment somewhat resemblingr 
a waistcoat worn by them. 

Do 70U think 70ii*re here, sir, 
Amonsst pswt wfttiatcoftteerst yoor base wenches } 

B. AND Vt.iiTCHift*s Wit wifMovT Muyir. 

WASTEa (O. F. gtta/M)> origiDally watchmen 0£. 
sentinels ; waytfee, was anciently a remuneration^ 
for keeping watch and ward. It is a name now 
given to itinerant musicians. 

His axe he held in hond y-drawe, 
Mony gryffons he hath y.slawe, . 
The toajfte* of that hoste that did espLe. 

Rom. op aiCR. Ccevr db ItfOK« 

Hark ! are Uie vMtUes abroad ? ■ Ba^ofter, pr^ thee, 
*Ti8 prjivate musick. 


Walter (S.wmltan), to toss, tumble, or roll about. 

Him thinketh verily that he may see 
Noe*B flood come waltering as the sea. 

Chacjcbr's Millbr's Talb. 

Wamble (S. wamb^, to rumble as when the intes«- 
tines are distended with wind, generally spokoD. 
of the stomach. 

Lord, how my stomach wambles! 

O. P. Wilt Bbouilbd. 
To iiYOid the theme of lore that wambleth in his stomach. 

Q. £».JSvoTMxaH., 


Wange (S. wang)y the cheek or jaw wherein the 
teeth (molar es) are set. The ancient mode of 
sealing written instruments was by biting* the seal 
with the wang" tooth. 

And in witness that this thing Is sooth, 

I bite the wax with my watig tooth. 

Old i^ORMULiu 

Out of a wange tooth spronge anon a well. 

Chaucbr's Pro. to tbk Monkes TAI/K. 

Wanger (S. wangere)y a support for the cheek or 

His bright helme was his wanger, 

Chaucbr's Rhtmb op Sir Tbopas. 

Wanhope (S. wana and hopa), without hope» de« 

WeU ought I sterve in wanhope and distaresse. 
Farewell my life, my lust, and my gladnesse. 

Chaucbr's Kkiout's Talk. 

Wannion. This word, which so frequently occurs 
in old authors, is no where explained ; it is usu« 
ally accompained by a threat, and may be equiva- 
lent to the phrase toith a vengeance. 

Come away J I'U fetch thee with a wannion. 


Isiiere any work for grace, with a wannion to her ? 

O. P. The City Niobt Cap, 

Wantrust (S.), tlistrust, want of confidence. 

O wantrust, fuil of false suspicion. 

Chaucbr's Manciple's Tale. 

Ward (S, wardian^, to watch or guard; also a 
position or posture of defence. 

For we ne had no castel 
That us of our ward fel. 

Rom. of Rich. Catan hm Lion. 


Come from tblt ward. 

For I can here dinnn thee. 


Wardcors, a body guard (from ward, a guards and 
corpus, a body). 

TO be my wardevrpt m he etat. best. 

Chavcsa's Pro. to W. or Bath.* 

Warden^ a species of pear^ formerly much in re- 
quest for making pies-; the word is uncertain as 
to its derivation. 

I most hare saifiron to colour the warden pies. 

Wintbr's Talk. 

■I would haye him roasted like a warden. 

B. AND Flktchrr's Cvpid's Rbvxnox. 

"Wardrope (F. garderobe), a privy or house of 

I saj that in a wardrope they him threwe. 

Chaucer's Paroo!>7rr*s Talk. 

Warish (F. guerir), to heal or cure. 

Than were my hert 

Wari$hcd of these bitter pains* smert. 

Chaucer's Franklein's Talk. 

Warison, reward, whether a recompense for good 
or evil. In Urry's Glossary it is improperly de- 
fined to be recovery y from the F. guerison, but no 
example warrants this definition. 

Mynstrelles playe up for your warison. 
And well quyt it schald be. 

O. B. Battle of Otterbovr>;b. 

And thus he warison he toke 
For the ladye that he forsoke. 

Chaucer's Rom. or the Rosb. 

Warlock (S. werlog}, a wizard or male witch. 

Tarn saw an unco sig^ht, 
Warlocks and witches in a dance. 

Burns* Tam o* Shantkr. 


Warre (S. warr), worse; a word now only used 
in the Scottish dialect and spelt waur. 

They say the worlde is warre than it wont. 

Spenser's Shbp. Cal. 

Wassail (S. waeshtel), a liquor made of apples^ 
sugfar^ and ale; also, a drinking bout. 

The kinsr doth wake to nig:ht, and takes his rouse $ 

Keeps wassail, and the swaggering upspring reels. 

By Croesus' name, and by his castle. 

Where winter nights he keeps his wassail. 

O, P. Tub Hoo hath Lost his P£arl. 

Wastel (F. gasteau), a fine sort of wheat bread or 

Of small houndis had she, that she fed 
With rost flesh, or milke and wastel bread. 

Chavcbr's Pro. to Cant. Tales. 

Waster (L. vastatores), a sturdy thief, coupled by 
Stat. 4,Hen.lV.with Roberdsmen and draw latches ; 
they were armed with bludg*eons; hence a cudgel 
was denominated a wctater* 

A stout taule cobbler wlU lay down the waster, and yielde to 
him that hath more practice in the weapon. 

Churchvard's Challbvob. 

Watch. Before the invention of clocks, the divi- 
sions of time were marked by watch candles, the 
hours being noted upon them in sections. 

As he whose brow with homely biggin bound 
Snores out the watch of night* 

3 Part K. Hbn. iv. 

Fill me a bowl of wine— Give me a waich* 

K. Rich, ifi* 

Watchet (S. wadchei), a light blue colour. 



Ycla4 h$ wu fill tmaX and properlf « 
AU in kirtte of a Ugbt M^«cAe/. 

CsAvcBR'i Millbe's Tali. 

Tbeir watchtt mantles fringed with lilTer round. 

SPXNSsn's F. QuBsv. 

Weaver (S. toehba)^ a maker of cloth, frequently 
mentioned hy old writers as being partial to siiig- 
ing, particularly sacred music; honcc the phrase 
" apmlm ringing weaver," 

SbftU we rouse the night owl in catch that will draw three 

•ouls out of one weaver f 

TwithTtn NioKT. 

WiSDD (S, wed), a pledgee, pawn, or security^ from 
hence is derived u'acf^et, a term still in use to sig;- 
nify a roortg'ag'e of land, &c. 

Let blm beware, his neck lietb to wtdd, 

Cuapcbr's Kxiobt*s Tai.«. 

Vij londes betb sett to wedde, Robyn. 

A Lytel Gsste of R. Hodk. 

Weed (S. t^eo^), clothes or dress; the term is still 
applied to the mourning garments of a widow. 

And wlien tliey came to King Adland's halle. 
Of rcdde gold shone theyre weedea, 


An aged sire,. in long black weedea yclaA. 

Spe.vssa's W Qirs&.v. 

Ween (S, wenan), to thin^i, imagine, or be of opi- 

1 weene the ende will prove this brawl did first arise. 

O. P. Gam. Gi/ktonN Nkkdlk. 

Weet (S. witan), to know or understand; now 
^lled ** to wit." 


Taih I man, U Gammer's neel« founds «hat chotikl gladly weete^ 

O. Pi Gam. Gurton's Ni(ii>tK« 

Weive (S. wafian)f to leave, forsake, to waive. 

But if that he n'U take o# it no cure 
When that it cometh, but wilfully it noeivt, 

CUAVCJKR'S'TltOl. AMO CRlflftr- 

Wel-away {^.walawa), an- interjection expressive 
of grief or lamentation;, now corruptly called K^eU* 

Hast thou not made a ladyc bright of )MVft 
tSaied wel a waie the day that I was borne f 

Tlius did the noble Percy plaine, 
With a heavy heart and wet-awai/* 

O.d. Nuitf0VMflBRLAN0 BKTRATIDi ftO* 

WfitD (S. wmldan), to rulej goyetn, or command. 

U Ip ft Mf4 thing for to w^ld 

A wight Hiftt &@ mftR wyU hid thoRko held. 

CiiAucift*« Pro. t(> W. of BATH/ 

ll^<>Mf kiRgdomti eftUMVf and aflUrei of stato. 


WeLKiP (from S. wealcan), witberedi rivelledi 
having: an unequal surface ; from this word is de- 
rived whelk, a weal pustule or protuberance. 

But yet to me she woll not doen that grace, 
For which full pale and welkid is my face. 

Chavckr's Pardoner's Tax.<«^ 

}lis face is all bubukles and whelks, and knobs, &c. 

K. Hbs, t» 

Welkin (S. welceji), the visible firmament. 

And eke the welkin was so faire, 

Blewe bright, and clere y-was the ayre. 

Chaucbr's Dream* 

But that the sea, mounting to the welkin cheek, 

Pashes the fire out. 



460 A GL088AR1AL AND 

Welte. See " Weld.'* 

Wem (S. wemme), a blemish^ spot, or fault. 

That other bowe was of a plant 
Withooten vem, 1 dare warrant. 

Chavcke*8 Rom. or tub Ross* 

Wlm) (S. tcendan), to go. 

The cursed land where many tcend amis. 

Spsnsbr's F. Quksn* 

Wend you with this letter. 

Mkas. for Mbas. 

Whate (S. hweei), quickly. 

He smote his mule with sporcn whattt, 

Rom. op K. ALisAtrifvae. 

Whetstone, A notorioui liar was formerly said to 
deserve the ufhet9tone, as a premium either for 
the magnitude or iniquity of the falsehood. The 
origin of the proverbial phrase is not known* 

Diumals writ for regrulation 

Of lying, to inform the nation, 

And by their public use to bring down 

The price of whetstones in the kingdom, 


Whifflers, oflScers who formerly preceded process 
sions for the purpose of clearing the way; the term 
is said to be derived from whiffle, to blow, from 
the circumstance of their playing upon wind in** 

And manasses shall go before, like a tohifier. 
To clear the way with his horns. 

O. P. Tub Islb of GoLLa. 

Before the dame, and round about, 
March'd whifflers and staffiers on foot. 


Whig (S. ip<iBge), whey or buttermilk. 


Sweete growte or whig his bottle had. 

Argentilb ako Curan. 

Drink whig and sour milk, whilst I rince my throat 

With Bordeaux and Canary. 

O. P. The English TravelCbr* 

While-ere^ a little while ag-o, erewhile. 

And turning: to that place in which whyleare 

He left his lofty steed with g^olden sell. 

Spenser's F. Queen. 
Will you troll the catch 

You taught me but while-eref 


Whilom (S. hvnlorn), formerly, sometime ago. 

In northern clime a vai'rons'knight 
Did whilom kill his bear in fight. 


Whingar (S. win and gerd), a sort of hanger, used 
both as an instrument of destruction and a knife to^ 
be used at meals. 

And wingers now in friendship bare, 
Tlie social meal to part and share, 
Had found a bloody sheath. 

Lay of the Last Minstrel. 

Whin YARD, a sword, the same as wingar, but 8 
more literal translation of the Saxon word. 

Nor from their button'd tawny leathern belts 
Dismiss their biting whinyards. 

O. P. K. £ow. HI. 

Whipstock (from whip and stalk), the handle or 
stalk of a whip, but frequently used to signify the 
whip itself. 

For by his rusty outside he appears 

T'ave practised more the whipstock than the lance. 

Bought you a '^-histle and a whipstock too. 

O. P. The Spanish Trageot* 



White pot, a composition made with milk, eggs, 
bread, sugar, and spice, and baked in a pie ; a dish 
peculiar to the county of Devon. 

To keep well filled with thrifty fore, 
Ai white pot, butter milk, and curds. 


ComwAll Miiiatpie And Deron tckitepot brings. 

Dr. Kino's Art of Covkbry. 

White son and White boy. These were for- 
merly terms of endearment applied to male chil- 

Then ware what is done, 
For he*8 Henry's white son, 

O. P. Friar Bacon and F. Bunoat. 

Oh, what will jou do, father? I am your white boy, 

O. P. The Yorkshirk Traoxdt. 

Whitster (from S, witten, to make white), a 
bleacher of linen. 

Carry it among the whitsters in Datchet mead. 

M* Wives of Winsson. 

Whittle. See " Thwittle." 

Wide and Side. The word side is synonimous with 
long; as, " side sleeves/' are long sleeves. In 
the north, side still signifies long; as, '^ my coat is 
very side," t. e, long. 

Wide and side^ far and near, 

With me it is nought now so. 

Tals of Merlin. 

Wight (S. wiht), a living person of either sex, but 
generally applied to a male. 

Beshrew the witch} with yenemous wights she strays. 

Troi. and Crsss. 


So have I seen, with armed heel, 
A wight bestxide the commonweal. 


Wimple (F. guimple), a covering for the neck, 
distinguished from the veil, which also concealed 
the head ; it was part of the dress of a nun. 

Full semely her wimple pinched was. 

Chaucer's Priorbssbs Talb. 

No wimple did she wear, no vail conceal'd 

Her well form'd face. 

Thb Lay op Aristotlb. Way's Fab. 

Winchester goose. See "Bankside." 

The famous school of England called Winchester 

(Famous I mean for the goose). 

O. P. MoNS. d'Olivb. 

WiRCH (S. wircan), to work, effect, or operate. 

And certainly where nature woll not wirch. 
Farewell phisike, go here the corse to chirche. 

Chaucer's Knight's Talb. 

Wis (S.wissan), to know, think, or imagine; gene- 
rally used as an expletive. 

Come on, fellow; it is tolde me thou art a shrew I wysse. 

O. P. Gam. Gurton's Nbbdlb. 

I wis yourgrandam had a worser match. 

K. Rich. hi. 

WiTE (S. witan)y to blame, reproach, or charge 
with a fault. 

The violence, the wrath, the angir, and the gall 
That is betweene you both, it wol be toite to me. 

Chaucer's Hist, of Bbryn. 

Scofling at him that did her justly wite. 

Spbnsbr's F. Qubbn. 

WiTTOL (S.), one who knows himself to be a cuck- 
old and is content. 


Botj witiol cuckold ! the deril himself hath not such a name; 


WoDE (J^.wod), road, furious^ angry. 

Then wold he speke and crj as he were tcood. 

Chaucbr's Pro*, to SoMrNOVR's Tl 

Throng onadTised rashness waxed wood. 

Spxnsbr's F. Qubbx. 

Won (S. wonian), a place of abode or dwelling. 

Lord, who shall tronnr in thy wonnetf 

P. Plowmav. 

There the wise Merlin whylom wont they say 
To make his wvitnv low underneath the ground. 


Wool. The proverbial expression, *' all cry and no 
vrool^ as th^ devil said when he shear'd his hogs/' 
implies great talk about nothing, or of the per- 
formance of a thing which is unequal to the 

Thou wilt at best but suck a bull 

Or shear swine — *' all cry and no wool" 


WooLWARD. To go woolward was to wear wool- 
len next to the skin as a penance. 

Wolviard and wetshod went 1 forth. 

F. Plowman*8 Vis. 

The naked truth is, I have no shirt — I go woolward for penance. 

Lovb's Labour Lost. 

WoRTES (S. weort), a name formerly given to herbs 
generally, though now confined to plants of the 
cabbage kind. 

And on a bed of wortes still he lay, 
Till it was past undren of tlic day. 

Cuaucbr's Nqsses Prxbstbs T. 



WoTE (S. wat), to know. 

Qammer, chave ben there, you wot wel about \trhat. 

O. P. Gam. Qurton's Nbkdls. 

I wote no halter thou shalt wear. 

O. B. K. Edvt. and rnn Tannsr* 

Wrenche (S. wrence)y a slratag-em, scheme^ of 

She shut the dore, and set him on benche,— 
Will ye now here of woman's ivrencJief 

Rom. of the SbVB.V SaG89« 

His wilie wrenches thou maiest not flee. 

Chaucer's CHANivoivs VflOt T< 

Wrie (S* wrigan), io hide^ conceal, oi* covei*. 

AflU wW? me iti my fosteriej 


Yare (S. gearw0), ready, nimble, quick« 

The knight it takes withouten let, 
Dyghtes bym and made hym yare. 


Speak to the mariners > fall to*t yarely* 

' Tempbst, 

Yate (S. gccU), a gate or door; still so called in tbe 

Spar the yate fast for fear of fraud, 

Spbnskb's SasF. CAt* 

YcLEPED (S. clipian), named or called. 

For sely is that deth, sotb for to sain» 
Thcit oft yclepid cometh and endeth pain. 



There is a tall long sided dame 
(But woodrotts liffht?, peleped Fame. 


Yearn (S. geomian)^ to feel uneasiness or pity. 


And we mast geam therefore! 

Kt Hsif. Y* 

Yade (from S. geod)y to go or march ; yade, the 

Pmr all yedf out at one car 
lliat in that other Mhe did lere< 

Ciiai/csr's RoJI. 0¥ Ttti Ros«« 

Witli a troope of damselles playingri 
l\)rth I podt, fbrsOcthj a itfayingi 

Yi!il(iOu. Ttili eolour was ibid to repriiKOhi Jea- 

Wo MPihw \n il{ )#6| 9h9 Dispfit, m ftp d^f Si 
If 6r gtOldreiii net her ntiiftftRdi . . 

I wtH pef(§f8ii me fff i/tllowHp§ti 

Hf W}vy9 er W}ir99ej|» 

Yrrk (Qoth. gerchen), to winee or Wck. 

Their wounded steeds 

Yerk out their armed h^els at their dead masters. 

K. Hbn. t« 

Y-fer, together. 

So beene they gon i/'/ere, a wanton payre. 


Y- PANNED (O. F. pannes), lined, covered, or 
adorned with fur. 

A mantle of scarlet, 

Y-panned all with minivere. 


Y-MK(N, smoking, as fixe not extinguished. 




1 Yet in our ashes cold is fire y.rekim. 

f _- Chai;cji»^ MiLuiK'g Tam. 

Y-8TEKE, shot up. 

They lycth in chamber, fast y<^eke, 

Y-wis. See '' Was.'' **^* "*' "^^ ***• 


KORBiraT AND CO. PBiin-sas, BRivrroaB.