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A GLOSSARY 



OF 



BERKSHIRE WORDS AND PHRASES. 



MAJOR B. LOWSLEY, 



Rojal Engineers. 



• - , . 



.• t J * 






LONDON: 

PUBLISHED FOR THE ENGLISH DIALECl' SOCIETY 

BT TBttBNEB 4 CO., LUDGATE HIIXV 

1888, 



1 1 2 798 



• • • • 



« • 
• « • • • • • 









• • • 



« • « 
• • • 



• •• • 

« » • • • , • 



« % 



, • « 



TO HKK MOST GRACIOUS MAJESTY 

THE QUEEN, 

THIS GLOSSARY OF PROVINCIAL WORDS USKU IN 

THE COUNTY OF BERKSHIRE, 

IS, BY SPECIAL PERMISSION, MOST 

RESPECTFULLY DEDICATED 

BY HER MOST GRACIOUS MAJESTy's MOST 

OBEDIENT, HUMBLE SERVANT, 

THE AUTHOR. 



CONTENTS. 



PAGK 
I'REFACE ix. 



Introduction : — 

Pronunciation 2 

Grammar • 5 

Customs and Observances 14 

Superstitions 22 

Folk-Lore 27 

Sayings and Phrases 30 

Place-Names 35 

GLOSSARY 37 



PREFACE. 



In 1852 my late father, Mr. J. Lovvsley, of Hampstead 
Norreys, compiled a small Glossary of Provincial Words 
used in Berkshire, which was published in that year by 
Mr. John Gray Bell, of Bedford Street, Covent Garden, 
London, together with tracts of a similar nature for a few 
other counties. The little work undertaken, at the request 
of the Publisher, contained such words as happened to be 
collected in the verj* short time then available. Only sixty 
copies were printed. Additional Words and Phrases have 
been since noted, and the present Glossary, with local 
notes, is submitted. My brother, Mr. L. Lovvsley, of 
Hampstead Norreys, has given me valuable assistance. 



B. LOWSLEY, 

Major, Royal Engineers, 



Hampstead Norreys, Berks, 
March, 1S88. 



The following is a list of Glossaries of Counties adjoining 
Berkshire, published by the English Dialect Society : — 

HAMPSHIRE WORDS AND PHRASES. Compiled and edited 
by the Rev. Sir William H. Cope, Bart. 

OXFORDSHIRE WORDS. By Mrs. Parker. 

OXFORDSHIRE WORDS (SUPPLEMENTARY). By Mrs. 
Parker. 

SURREY PROVINCIALISMS. By G. Leveson-Gower, Esq. 

WILTSHIRE WORDS. From Britton's Beauties of Wiltshire, 1825 ; 
compared with Akerman's Glossary, 1842. 

Many words used in Berkshire have been noted in some of 
these Glossaries with — as might be looked for — differences in 
pronunciation and even signification. All as now submitted I 
have heard spoken in Mid-Berkshire. 

B. L. 




Is his work on the classification of the English Dialects, as 
published by the English Dialect Society, Prince Louis Lucien 
Bonaparte says : — " Southern characters I call : The use of 
/ be, thou bisi, he be, we be, you be, they be, for ' 1 am,' &c. ; the 
periphrastic lenses replacing the simple, as / do love, for / Ine; 
the prelix a before the past participle, as / have abeard, for / 
have htard : the permutation of the initial /, s, sfi, and f /if, into 
V, z, sh, and dr; the broad pronuuciation of the Italian ai, 
replacing the sound of the English ay, as in May, pronounced 
as tlie Italian adverb mfii." 

These characters appear in the Berkshire Dialect with 
modifications as follows : / be, thou bist, lit be, we be, you be, they 
be, would run / be, thee hist or 'e be, he be, we or us be, thee or 'e be, 
thaay be or them is. 

There is no replacing of simple tenses by periphrastic 
tenses, as / do love, for / love, generally in Berkshire ; instead of 
/ lovt her, a man would say / hues her, or emphatically / loves 

The prefix a takes place before the present participle as well 
as before the past participle, as a-goiii', a-thinkin', a-calUn', &c. 

As regards the permutations of the specified initial letters, 
V is always substituted for /, e is substituted for s when the 
latter is followed by a vowel or w, and in many other cases also 
the sound given to the i is roughened almost to the sound of - ; 
dr is used instead of tkr. 

The letter A is generally given the broad pronunciation 
of ai in the Italian mai. When the pronunciation is thus given, 
the English sound has been represented in the Glossary by 
aay, or by aai where the a precedes » 



2 INTRODUCTORY. 



I. 

PRONUNCIATION 



As regards Vowels and Diphthongs the sound of e in term is 
often given to the letters. Thus 'farm' is pronounced verm ; 

• part,' pert ; * mark,' merk^ &c. 

In words where the letter a is given the sound of aay there 
is also sometimes a sub-division of the word into two syllables 
as follows : — * Game ' is pronounced both gaayme and ge-um ; 
'shame,' both shaayme and she-um ; 'name/ both naayme and 
W'Um ; * £ace ' is both vaayu and ve-us. The two pronunciations 
are equally common. 

In a few cases only o takes the place of tf , as in ronh for 

* rank' ; Umky for ' lanky.' 

U is substituted for a thus : — We say vur instead of * far ' ; 
srnr instead of ' scar ' ; siur instead of ' star' ; etc. 

^tf, as in ' sauce,' is given the sound of a in the word ^fate^; 
< sauce ' is pronounced zace. 

Ar is given the sound of aa: Thus * parsnips' are called 
paasmips or paasmets ; ' parson ' becomes paason ; etc. 

Aw final is pronounced as ay or aa : Thus ' law' is pro- 
nounced lay or laa ; * draw ' dray or draa. 

I and y are commonly sounded as e : Thus we have pegs for 

• pigs;' vleng for * fling ;' zence for * since.' Sometimes t has the 
sound of If : Thus * rabbit ' is pronounced rabbut, and * stirrup ' 
stwrmp. 

1$ has the sound of a in *fati:* 'grieve* becomes grave; 
and * believe ' beiave. 

O takes the sound of a very largely. * Promise' becomes 
pramise ; * crops ' are craps; • morning' is mamin\ In some cases, 
and always before /, it becomes aw : Thus * old ' is awld ; * roll ' 
rawU ; and 'toll' tawU ; etc, 

O, following some consonants, is pronounced as cv : Thus 
« boy ' becomes 6K*a>'; * toad * becomes two-ad; and * post ' becomes 
pwO'Ost. 

Oa takes the sound of oo, as in moor : Thus we have boor for 

* boar '; and sometimes makes a sub-division into syllable 
Jo-ad for ' load.' 



PRONCNCUTION, 8 

\ Ott, when initial, as in ' oats' or 'oatli', is sounded astvu, the 
Vds meotioned being pronounced i^iUi and wuth respectively, 
Oi is pronounced as ) or as wi : Thus 'spoil' is spile or spwile; 
' is bSt or bu-ile. 
*o becomes shortened into « — as sttip for ' sloop '; brum for 

sometimes has the sound of a in t.ir : Thus ' certain ' is 
pronoimced zartain, and celery zalary. 

Where e would usually take the sound of a in gale, it 
becomes in Berkshire Dialect aay. Thus ' they ' is pronounced 
thaay, and ' obey' becomes ebaay. It is sometimes pronounced 
as »; Thus 'end' becomes I'wrf; ' every ' ia->-^ ; 'enter' inter; 
' kettle ' kittle ; etc. Also it becomes u : Thus vurry is spoken 
for ' very '; murry for ' merry '; hurry for ' berry." 

Ea is given the sound of aay or a, or else there is a sub- 
division of the syllable : Thus ■ break ' is pronounced braetyke or 
hn-ah; ' mean ' is maayne or im-an, and sometimes jkhw; ' clean ' 
ta ctaayne, cle-aii, or clone. The dJETerent pronunciations noted 
above will be found even in the same village. 

Et is sounded as i, or there ts a sub-division into two syllables : 
Thus ■ feet ' becomes vit or w-iit ; ' seems ' iims or .u-mns ; ' keep ' 
hp or fa-M^, 

Occasionally ee take the sound of a in fate : Thus ' bees ' 
would be base or be-itz ; ' sweep ' swape or swe-up. 

iVis pronounced as a in/(i/^ : Thus ' receive' becomes wcarir. • 
'ceiling' sailin'. 

In 'George' we find the sound of the eo broadened into 
Gaarge, or shortened into Grrge indifferently. 

On takes the sound of aa — as zaate for ■ sought,' turaatc for 
' wrought'; but there are exceptions, as vowt for ' fought.' 

The sound of the oo in ' moon ' occurs for ou or o when 
followed by r ; thus ' court ' becomes coort ; ' sword ' zmrd, and 
' porch ■ paorch. But there are exceptions — -' four ' is pro- 
nounced vawer, and ' sour ' zower. 

Ort is pronounced wr, as in moor; Thus ' more' becomes 
' sore ' becomes soar ; ■ before ' bevoor. 
; or, and iir, coming within a word, take the sound of ». 
ive vii»t for ' first ' and wmt for ' worst' ; puss (rhyming with 
' purse,' etc. 
r un the substitution of on is common : Thus, instead of 
' we say ondress; onJa for ' undo '; oittif for ' untie '; etc. 



4 INTRODUCTORY. 

U is sometimes pronounced as ^ : Thus • crush ' becomes 
cresh^ * brush * hresh^ and * strut * strd. 

W is sometimes replaced by o : Thus * woman ' becomes 
ooman ; * sword ' becomes zoard. 

The letter b occasionally has v substituted for it : Thus 

* disturb ' is pronounced disturve. 

D undergoes change to n : Thus * wonder * is pronounced 
wunner ; * London' Lunnon; 'thunder' thunner. 

D is also often added to the final consonant of a word : 
Thus * miller ' becomes millerd ; * gown ' gownd ; but it may be here 
mentioned that on the other hand the final consonant, when 
preceded by another consonant, is very often dropped : Thus 

* kiln ' is pronounced )nll ; * kept * hep ; * pond ' pon. 

It has been noted that /, when initial in a syllable, is always 
pronounced as v. When final in a first syllable of a word it is 
not pronounced at all: Thus 'afternoon' is rendered aternoon; 
' afterwards ' aterward. 

Similarly we have the letter / dropped ; * already ' becomes 
already; * almost ' a'mwo-ast ; * almighty ' a' mighty. 

The final g in words of more than one syllable terminating 
in ing is always dropped : Thus * ringing ' becomes ringin* ; 

* smelling ' smellin\ 

H is never aspirate by right of its position as heading a 
syllable, words commencing with h or a vowel are aspirated 
when emphasis may be desired to be given. 

Y is substituted for h initial in some cases : Thus * head ' is 
pronounced j/^ai; * heard ' yeard ; and occasionally the full sound 
of wh takes the place of h : Thus * home ' is always who-am, 

K final is pronounced as t in some instances : Thus * ask ' 
becomes ast^ and ' mask ' }nast, 

T is often added superfluously to words terminating with 
n : Thus * sudden ' is pronounced zuddent, and * sermon * becomes 
zarment as well as zarmon. 

Bl is sometimes curiously substituted : Thus we have 
gimblet for * girtilet ' and chimhley for * chimney.' 

Ow final is pronounced as ^r or ^ : Thus * window * becomes 
winder or windy ; * yellow ' yallet or yally ; « widow * widder or 
widdy, 

Ard final in words of more than one syllable is pronounced 
iti : • Orchard * becomes archnt, and • Richard ' Richut, 



GRAMMAft. 5 

Pur is substituted for pre or pro : Thus * pretend * becomes 
purtend, * preserve * purzarve, * provide ' purvide^ &c. 

Transformations as to order of letters occur thus : Hunderd 
is used for * hundred,' childcrn for * children.* 

In counting pronunciation goes as follows : — One^ two, dree, 
vawer, vivCj zix, zcvcn, aaytCy &c. 



II. 
GRAMMAR. 



ARTICLES. 

A does not become an before a vowel or h mute ; thus, 
instead of ** Give me an apple " would be said Gie I a apple. 

The fact oian being thus never used may be accounted for 
by the liabihty to give the aspirate when emphasis is required, 
and so the practice may have grown that a shall do duty in all cases. 

The article the is omitted in cases where there can be no 
doubt as to what place, &c., may be referred to. " Have you 
been to the farm this morning?** beco;nes ^^ Hast a-bin to verm 
this marnin'? *' " He said he would be at the cross roads*' becomes 
" A zed as a*d be at crass ro-adsJ' 

NOUNS. 
Where s alone would be usually added, plurals are often 
formed by adding also es as a separate syllable in place of s ; Thus 
twos-es, threes-es, wops-es (i.^., wasps), be-ast-es * beasts.* And in 
some cases a second es is added : Thus * posts * may become 
pwoast-es or pwoast-es-es, * joists ' jist-es or jist-es-es, * beasts * be-ast-es 
or be-ast-es-es. 

En is occasionally used in forming plurals : Thus we have 
peas-en for * peas,* hous-en for * houses * ; but this form is now only 
adopted by old people. 

ADJECTIVES. 
As regards comparison of Adjectives some irregularities are 
introduced as follows : — 

Positive. Comparative. Superlative. 

Little Littler Le-ast or littlest 

Vur (far) Vurder (farther)... Vurdest (farthest) 

or vurdermwoast 

Bad Wusser or wuss...Wust, or wussest, 

or wustest 
Top Toppermust 



INTRODUCTORY. 



Adjectives which denote the material of which a thing is 
composed commonly take the termination n or en : Thus we 
have a leathern bottle or a leather-en bottle, a eldern pop-gun, a 
beech-^ plank. 

PRONOUNS. 
PERSONAL PRONOUNS [os regards caus] . 

First Person. 
Singular. i Plural. 

Nom.......I Nom We or us 

Poss Mine Poss Ourn 

Objec. ...I(?rus i Objec. ...We or us 

Second Person, 

Singular. Plural. 
Nom Thee or 'e Nom Thee or 'e 



Poss. ...... Thine or yourn 

Objec. ...Thee or 'e 



Poss Yourn 

Objec. ...Thee or 'e 

Third Person (Masculine). 

Singular. Plural. 

Nom Hear a Nom Thaay or them 

Poss Hissen Poss Thaayrn 

Objec. ...*E or *'m or un . Objec. ...Thaay or them 

or um 

Third Person ( Feminine). 

Singular. Plural. 

Nom She | Nom.... 

Poss Hern Poss — 

Objec. ...She, when em- i Objec... 

phaiic. Her, when 

not emphatic 

Third Person (Neuter), 



As for 
masculine 



Singular. 

Nom Ut or he or a 

Poss Hissen 

Objec. ...Ut or *in (?r un 



Plural. 
Nom.... 
Poss. . . . 
Objec..., 



As for 
masculine 



As examples : Us waants what he ourn an' thaay had best gi't to 
us or we — i.e., We want what is ours and they had better give it 
to us. 

Dwo-ant hev nothin* to iaay to she—i,t,t • Don't have anything 
to say to her.' 



t'RONOUNS. 7 

// ihu casnH mind thee awn taaykc keer o' thaayrn — i.^., * If you 
cannot mind (i^. attend to) your own take care of theirs.' 

I gi^d thaay two vrocks as belonged to she — ue.^ < I gave them 
two frocks that belonged to her/ 

The knife yent hern His hissen; I gin ut to'n {or 'in) — ».^., * The 
knife is not her's, 'tis his, I gave it to him.' 

/ tells 'e what 'tis — i.^., * I tell you what it is.' 

RELATIVE PRONOUNS. 

^5 is used instead of whOj which, and that: Thus, * He is a 
man who saves money ' would be rendered ' He be a man as 
zaayves money.' 

Whosen is used in place of whose, and who in place of whom ; 
/ wunt zaay whosen it he — i.e., * I won't say whose it is.' 

POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS. 

The possessive pronouns stand thus : my, thy or thee, his or 
hissen, her or hern, our or ourn, thy thee or youm^ thaayr or 
thaayrn. 

For example, sentences would go as follows : * Whose cap be 
that * ? * Did 'e ax whosen ' ? * Ees Me-ary zes she lost her cap.' 
* Well, that ther be hem taayke un alang.' * Be that thee 
raayke' ? * Ees that be ourn, that ther yander be yonm,' 

* Thyself ' becomes theezelf ; * himself * and * itself ' become 
hiszelf; * yourselves ' theezelves, and * themselves ' ihaayrzelves. 

DISTRIBUTIVE PRONOUNS. 

* Each ' is not in common use — ivrey one takes its place ; 
am is used for either, also narn is substituted for * neither.' For 
example — * Hev 'e zin arn on um * ? * No, narn (or narra ofie) on 
um yent come.' 

DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS. 

For * this ' is used this yer ; for • that ' that ther; for * these * 
the-uzyer; for * those' them ther. 

For example : * Theuz yer wuts (oats) be wuth double o' 
them ther.' 

The yer and ther are always inserted as shown above 
where there is intention to particularize or to give emphasis, but 
may be omitted where such intention does not at all exist. For 
•Are these the ones'? would be said however, Be the-uz uns 
thaay? 



8 



INTRODUCTORY. 



INDEFINITE PRONOUNS. 

'E or a body is used for one. * One can't act like that * would 
be '£ caan*t act like that ther, 

* One's heart is not in it ' would be A body's hert yent in 7. 
Arn is used for * any.' 

Nam for * none.' 

* Alone * is never used ; by hiszelf, &c., would be substituted. 
* Hev *e killed arra rat' ? * No, I *ent killed nam (or narra one) 
a big un run awaay but a zimmed to be yer by hiszelf,* 

VERBS. 

Conjugation of Verbs, 

TO HAVE. 

INDICATIVE MOOD. 

Present Tense, 

Singular. 

1. Pers....I hev or I has 

2. Pers....Thee or 'e hast, 

has or hev or hevs. 

3. Pers....He, a, or she, or ut, 

hev, hevs, or has 



Singular. 

1. I had 

2. Thee or 'e had or had'st 

3. He etc., had 



Singular. 

1. I hev a-had 

2. Thee or 'e hast a-had 

3. He etc., hev a-had 



Singular. 

1. I had a-had 

2. Thee or e, had or had'st 

a-had 

3. He etc., had a-had 



Plural. 

1. Pers....We or us hev 

2. Pers....Thee or *e hast, 
has or hev, or hevs 

3. Pers....Thaay or them, or 
um hev, hevs, or has 

Imperfect Tense, 

Plural. 

1 . We or us had 

2. Thee or 'e had or had*st 

3. Thaay or them, or um had 

Perfect Tense, 

Plural. 

1 . We or us hev a-had 

2. Thee or 'e hast or hev a-had 

3. Thaay or them, or um hev 
or has a-had 

Plujierfect Tense, 

Plural. 

1. We or us, had a-had 

2. Thee or 'e had, or hadst 
a-had 

3. Thaay or them, or um had 
a-had 



VERBS. 



9 



First Future Teuse, 

Singular. { Plural. 

1. I shall or 'ooU hev , i. We or us shall, *ooll or hev 

2. Thee or 'e shat, *oot, *ooll, ' 2. Thee or *e shat, 'oot, 'ooll 



(v'oollt hev 
3. He &c., shall or *ooll hev 



or 'oollt hev 
3. Thaay or them, or urn shall 
or 'ooll hev. 



Second Future Teuse. 

This is as the First Future Tense, with the addition of 
a-kad to each person. 



IMPERATIVE MOOD. 

Singular. 
2. Hev thee or do thee hev 



Plural. 
2. Her thee, or do thee hev 



POTENTIAL MOOD. 

Preunt Tense, 



Singular. 

1. I med or can hev 

2. Thee or 'e medst, can or 

canst hev 

3. He &c., med or can hev 



Plural. 

1. We or us med or can hev 

2. Thee or 'e medst, can or 

canst hev 

3. Thaay or them, or um med 

(?rcan hev 



Imperfect Tense, 

Singular. 

1. I med, could, or 'ood, 

should hev 

2. Thee or 'e med or medst, 

could or couldst, 'ood 
or 'oodst, or should or 
shouldst hev 

3. He etc., med, could, 

*ood, or should hev 



Plural. 

1. We or us med, could, 'ood, 
or should hev 

2. Thee or 'e med or medst, 
could or couldst, 'ood 
or 'oodst, or should or 
shouldst hev 

3. Thaay or them, or um med, 
could, 'ood, or should hev 



Perfect Tense, 

This is as the Present Tense of the Potential Mood, with 
the addition ola-had to each person. 

Pluperfect Tense, 

This is as the Imperfect Tense (Potential Mood), with the 
addition of a-had tq each person. 



10 INTRODUCTORV. 

SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD. 

Present Tense. 



Singular. 

1. If I hev, hevs or has 

2. If thee or 'e hast, has, 



Plural. 

1. If we or us hev or hevs 

2. If thee or 'e hast, has, hev 



hev or hevs or hevs 

3. If he etc., hev or hevs 1 3. If thaay or them or um, 

I hev or hevs 

If zo be as is usually used for if in the Subjunctive Mood. 
For example — If zo be as I hevs any I *ooll gie 'e zome. 

Imperfect Tense. 

This is as the Imperfect Tense of the Indicative Mood, with 
the addition of if (followed by zo be as) to each person; the 
remaining tenses of this mood also follow the same tenses in the 
Indicative Mood, with the above-named addition. 



INFINITIVE MOOD. 



Present Tense. 
To hev 



PARTICIPLES. 

Present or Active., 
A-hevin*. 



Perfect Tense. 
To hev a-had 



Perfect or Passive. 
A-had 



Compound Perfect. 
Hevin* a-had 



As regards the negative forms of this conjugation, 

* I have not * becomes / ent^ aint^ hev'nt or yent, 

* Thou hast not * becomes tliee or 'e liasn't or hcvn't. 

* He has not * becomes he ent^ aint^ hevnt or yent. 

The plurals of the above tense follow as in the singular 
except as regards the pronouns. 

* Thou,' * ye ' or * you hadst not ' become thee or 'e hadsn't. 

* I shall not * or * will not have ' becomes / shall not^ oolnot or 
wunt Jiev. 

* Thou shalt ' or • wilt not have ' becomes thee or V shattent 
'oottent or wunt hev. 

* May not * becomes medn^t, as also generally does * may*st 
not,' though this is sometimes medsent. 

* Canst not ' becomes casn't ; * would not,' oodn*f. 



VERBS. 



11 



TO BE. 

INDICATIVE MOOD. 

Present Tense. 

Plural. 

1 . We or us be 

2. Thee or 'e be * 

3. Thaay be or them or um is 
or be. 

Imperfect Tense. 

Plural. 

1 . We or us was 

2. Thee or 'e was, wast or wur 

3. Thaay or them or um was 

Perfect Tense, 

Plural. 

1. We or us hev a-bin 

2. Thee or 'e hast or hev a-bin 

3. Thaay or them or um hev (?r 
has a-bin 

The rest of the conjugation of this verb is on similar lines 
to that of the verb to have. 

As regards the negative forms, 

* I am not ' becomes / bent^ he-ant^ ent^ or yent ; 

* Thou art not ' becomes thee or V hent^ he-ant or hisnH ; 

* He is not * becomes he bent, he-ant , ent, or yent : 

* We are not * becomes we or us bent^ be-ant, enty or yent ; 

* You or ye are not ' becomes thee or e hent^ be-attt, or bisnt; 

* They are not ' becomes thaay or them or um bent, be-ant^ ent, 

or yent. 

TO DO. 

The Present Tense (Indicative Mood) of the verb to do runs 
thus: — 



Singular. 

1. I be 

2. Thee bist or 'e be 

3. He, a, she, or ut be 



Singular. 

1. I wais or wur 

2. Thee Of 'e was, wast, or wur 

3. He etc. was, or wur 



Singular. 

1. I hev a-bin 

2. Thee or 'e hast or hev a-bin 

3. He etc. hev a-bin 



Singular. 

1. I do, or doos 

2. Thee or *e does, doos, 

dost, or doost 

3. He, a, she, or ut door doos 



Plural. 

1. We or us door doos 

2. Thee or 'e does, doos, dost, 

or doost 

3. Thaay or them or um do, 



does, or doos 

In the negative form V do not '* becomes dwo-ant, and in the 
second person singular and plural the negative form is doosn't^ 
dwo-atU '^, or dwo-ant thee. 



12 



INTRODUCTORY. 



The plural form is given to all verbs in the Present Tense 
of the Indicative Mood thus : — 



Singular. 

1. 1 loves 

2. Thee or 'e loves 

3. He etc. loves 



Plural. 

1. We or us loves 

2. Thee or 'e loves 

3. Thaay or them or um loves 



The following are examples of the way in which some verbs 
brm their Imperfect Tense and Perfect Participle, the recognised 
form being attached in brackets where differing : — 



Present. 
begins (begin) 
knows or knaws 

(know) 
blaws (blow) 
waaykes (awake) 
bends (bend) 
busts (burst) 
casts (cast) 
comes (come) 
deals (deal) 
drays (draw) 
drinks (drink) 

vails (fall) 

vorzaaykes 
(forsake) 

gives (give) 

hides (hide) 
hurts (hurt) 
mawes (mow) 
re-ads (read) 
runs (run) 
zees (see) 

zetts (set) 
slits (slit) 
strides (stride) 
swims (swim) 
tells (tel)) 

tears (tear) 
treads (tread) 



Imperfect, 

begun (began) 

knawed (knew) 

blawed (blew) 

waayked (awoke) 

bended (bent) 

busted (burst) 

casted (cast) 

come (came) 

dealed (dealt) 

drayed (drew) 

drunk or drinked 
(drank) 

veil or veiled (fell) 

vorzaayked 
(forsook) 

give or gived 

(gave) 

hided (hid) 

hurted (hurt) 

mawed (mowed) 

re-a-ded (read) 

run (ran) 

zee, zin, or zeed 
(saw) 

zetted (set) 

slitted (slit) 

strided (strode) 

swimmed (swam) 

telled or tawld 
(told) 

teared (tore) 

treaded (trod) 



Perfect Participle, 
begun 
knawed (known) 

blawed (blown) 
awaayked (awakened) 
bended (bent) 
busted (burst) 
casted (cast) 
come 

dealed (dealt) 
drayed (drawn) 

drunk or drinked 
(drunk) 

veil or veiled (fallen) 

vorzook (forsaken) 

give or gived (given) 

hided (hidden) 
hurted (hurt) 
mawed (mown) 
re-a-ded (read) 
rund (run) 
zin or zeed (seen) 

zetted (set) 
slitted (slit) 
strided (stridden) 
swimmed (swum) 
telled or tawld (told) 

teared or tored (torn)" 
treaded (trodden) 



ADVERBS. 18 

ADVERBS. 
In adverbs the termination ly is usually dropped : Thus 
* They were dressed very prettily' would become thwiy was dressed 
vurry pretty ; * He was walking quickly ' becomes he was a-walkin* 
quick. 

INTERJECTORY PHRASES. 
The interjectory phrases most commonly in use are — 

Lark 0* massy (astonishment) ; 

Massy me (slight astonishment) ; 

To he zure (implying assent) ; 

Well, to he zure (surprise) ; 

Lawk (astonishment) ; 

Zartin zure (corroboration) ; 

TU he dolled (surprise) ; 

Dally now (remonstrance) ; 

Bless my xawl alive (astonishment) ; 

Massy on us (surprise with fear). 

What shall I zaay and A matter ^o are both inserted to give 
emphasis thus, He he wuth, what shall I zaay, pWaps a matter 'o 
twenty thousand pound ; 

Raaly now (mild remonstrance) ; 

Co^ne, come (good humoured doubt). This, however, is also 
used to call one sharply to attention. 

Larra tnassy me^ Lack a daayzy (slight astonished). 

SYNTAX. 

Rule i. — It has been seen in the conjugation of verbs that 
in Berkshire Dialect the verh does not agree with its nominative case 
in number and person, and that such phrases are used as / sings, 
We loves, The hwoys plaays, &c. 

Rule 2. — Two or more nouns or pronouns in the singular number 

joined by a copulative conjunction expressed or understood do not hare 

verbs agreeing with them in the plural number. For example, one 

would say, * Jemps an' Richut was there,* and not * James and 

Richard were there.' 

Rule 3. — As is often used for who, whom, which, and that, as 
illustrated by the following examples : * This be the man as I res- 
pects; * He be he as zarved I bad * ; * I be a man as wishes 'e well.* 

Rule 4. — Active verbs govern the nominative case, thus: 'They 
love us ' is rendered Thaay loves we ; * He hates them ' becomes He 
haaytes thaay.* 



li INTRODUCTORY. 

Rule 5. — Participles of active verbs govern the objective case^ the 
pronoun being preceded by * on/ thus: *I am tired of seeing him' 
becomes * I be tired o' zeeingow un ' ; * He was teaching them ' 
becomes ' He was a-tachin* on 'um.' 

Rule 6. — Two negatives are often used to give simple negative 
signification. ' I was not there two minutes * becomes, / wasn't 
not thaayre two minnuts^ * I won't have any such doings ' becomes 
/ wunt hev no such doins. 

Rule 7. — Prepositions sometimes govern the nominative case^ as 
shown in the following examples, * From them that hate you 
expect malice' becomes From thaay as haaytes V, <S^., * From him 
that is cunning expect deceit ' becomes Vrom he as is, S»c. 

Looseness in construction not infrequently occurs, as thus : 
On inquiring who a certain man was, I have received for reply. 
That be the new man zur as belongs to Velder Verm, By this it was 
intended to inform me that the man I inquired about had 
recently become the owner of Velder Farm. 



HI. 
CUSTOMS. 



I give some notes relative to time-honoured customs and 
observances, superstitions, folk-lore, &c., which may seem to 
have kinship or association with the Glossary itself. 

Harvest-whoam. — At the home-bringing of the last load of 
com as many of the labourers as possible ride on the top of it, 
others walking in on either side, or following. Their song, repeated 

at short intervals is : — 

Well ploughed, well zawed, 
Well ripped, well mawed, 
Narra lo-ad awverdrawed.* 

Whoop, whoop, whoop, whoop, harvest whoam. 

In the still summer evening this is heard in the adjacent 
parishes. The festivities of the night, commencing with a most 
substantial supper, are of the heartiest character, all who have 
taken part in the harvest, together with all members of their 
families, being present. After supper the first song is the 
Harvest-Home Song :** 



II 



♦ Overlhix».\n. 



CUSTOMS. 15 

I. 
Yer's a health unto our Me-uster 
The Vounder of our Ve-ast ; 
We hope his zawl to God will go 
When he do get his rest. 
Maay iverything now prosper 
That he do taayke in hand. 
Vor we be all his zarvants 
As works at his command. 

(chorus.) 
Zo drink bwoys, drink, 
An' zee as 'e do not spill. 
Vor if 'e do 'e shall drink two. 
Vor that be Me-uster 's will. 

II. 
Yer's a health unto our Misteress 
That giveth us good aayle ; 
We hopes she'll live vor many a year 
To cheer us wi out vaail. 
She is the best Provider 
In all the country round, 
Zo taayke yer cup an* drink it up, 
Nam like her can be vound. 

(chorus.) 

Zo drink bwoys, drink, 

An' zee as 'e do not spill : 

Vor if *e do 'e shall drink two, 

Vor that be Me-uster' s will. 

IRepeated.] 

The traascriberof this was born on Harvest Whoam Night 
at Hampstead Norreys, and the event was duly announced to the 
250 guests at supper. From that moment the approved singer 
of the above song was iti deep thought, with the result that a 
third verse in honour of** Our Little Me-uster born to-night" 
was given. It is unfortunate that this effort, which fairly 
brought down the house, was not recorded. 



On Valentine's Day bands of little children go round to 

the houses in the villages, singing : — 

Knock the kittle agin the pan, 
Gie us a penny if 'e can ; 
We be ragged an* you be vine. 
Plaze to gie us a Valentine. 
Up wie the kittle down wi' the spout, 
Gie us a penny an' we'll gie out. 
(i.e., stop this singing.) 



16 INTRODUCTORY. 

The penny is at once forthcoming ; in some cases an orange 
a-piece is given also. 



Good Friday. — On Good Friday the children sing the 
well-known verse of — 

One-a-penny two-a-pexmy hot cross buns. 

The commencing line, however, is : — 

When Good Friday comes the awld 'oomen runs. 



On Shrove-Tuesday the children go round singing : — 

Snick-snock the pan's hot, 
We be come a shrovin'. 
Plaze to gie us zummut, 
Zummut's better'n nothin*, 
A bit o' bread a bit o* chaze, 
A bit o' apple dumplin' plaze. 



On the Fifth of November parties go round to collect 
wood for their bonfire. They carry a figure of well-known 
type as representing Guy Fawkes. The rhymes used are various 
and parts are general. 

Remember, Remember the Vifth o' November, 
Gunpowder trason an* plot. 
Pray tell muh the rason why gunpowder trason, 
Should iver be vorgot. 

Our Qttane*s a valiant zawljer. 
Car's her blunderbus on her right shawlder. 
Cocks her pistol drays her rapier, 
Praay gie us zummit vor her zaayke yer. 

A stick an* a staayke vor Quane Vickey*s zaayke, 
If *e wunt gie one I'll taayke two. 
The better vor we an* the wus vor you. 

(CHORVS.) 

Holler bwoys, holler bwoys, maake yer bells ring, 
Holler bwoys, holler bwo>'s, God zaay ve the Quane. 
Hurrah! hurrah! (ad lib.) 

The part about ** the Quane *' is, of course, an adaptation. 
The original rhyme is very old, and at the end of it, " God 
zaayve the King '• formerly came to rhyme with " Maayke yer 
bcUs ring.** 



CUSTOMS. 17 

In other rhymes and in the "Mummers' Play" local poets 
have been in the habit of inserting lines respecting important 
recent events, and thus many pieces have become modernized. 

We have also — 

Guy Vawkes an* his companions did contrive* 
To blaw the House o' Parliament up alive, 
Wi* dree scoor barr*ls o' powder down belaw, 
To prove Awld England's wicked awver-draw ; 
But by God's marcy all on um got catched, 
Wi' ther dark lantern an' ther lighted match. 
Laaydies an' gentlemen zettin' by the vire. 
Plaze put hands in pockuts an' gie us our desire ; 
While you can drink one glass, we can drink two, 
An' that's the better vor we an' none the wus vor you. 

Humour, rumour, pump a derry, 
Prick his heart an' burn his body, 
An' zend his zawl to Purgaterry. 

And— 

Guy Vawkes, Guy — 't was his intent 

To blaw up the Houses o' Parliament ; 

Hy God's marcy he got catched, 

Wi' his dark lantern an' lighted match. 

Ciuy Vawkes, Guy — zet un up high, 

A pound o' chaze to chawke un ; 

A pint o' beer to wash ut down, 

An' a jolly good vire to ro-ast un. 

Up wi' the pitcher an' down wi' the prong, t 

Gie us a penny an' we'll be gone. 



THE PLAY OF THE ** MUMMERS," 
As acted in Mid-Berkshire at Christmas-tide. 



DRAMATIS PERSON. E. 
Molly : A stalwart many dressed in uwman^s gown, shawl, and bonnet, 

with a besom in kand^ with ludicrous imitation of a 

woman's voice. 
King George: A big man dressed as ^ knight with home-made helmet, 

sword, &*c. 
French Officer: A thin man with cocked-hat, sword, epaulettes, and uniform. 
Doctor : Arrayed in very long tail coat, with pig tail, knee breeches, &>:, 

Jack Vinny : Dressed as a jester, and with a kind of tall fool's cap. 

H \PPY Jack : In tattered garments. 

Old Beelzebub: As Father Christmas. 



* iu., plot \ This means that the time is one for drinking beer, and not for work. 
C 



18 INTRODUCTORY. 

The Mummers having arrived, singing is heard outside the 

house. 

God bless the Me-aster of this house, 

I hopes he is athin — 
An' if he is praay tell us zo 

An' we ull zoon begin. 

(Chorus) With hey dum dum, 

With hey dum dum de derry ; 
Vor we be come this Christmas time 
A purpose to be merry. 

I hopes the Misteress is athin 

An' zettin' by the vire 
A pityin* we poor mummers yer 

Out in the mud an* mire. 

(Chorus) With hey dum dum, 

With hey dum dum de derry ; 
Vor we be come this Christmas time 
A purpose to be merry. 

We dwoant come yer but once a year, 

An* hopes 'tis no offence ; 
An* if it is praay tell us zo 

An' we *ull zoon go hence. 

(Chorus) With hey dum dum, 

With hey dum dum de derry ; 
Vor we be come this Christmas time 
A purpose to be merry. 

Then permission and invitation being given, Molly first 
enters the kitchen or hall (where the spectators are assembled) 
with a hop, step and jump, and flourishing an old broom, or 
walking round at times pretending to sweep with it, sings — 

First Character. 

Molly. A room, a room, I do presume 

For me an* my braayve men ; 
For we be come this Christmas time 
To maayke a little rhyme. 
An* yer we comes at Christmas time. 
Welcome or welcome not, 
Hoping awld Veyther Christmas 
Ull never be vorgot. 
Laast Christmas daay I turned the spit, 
Burned my vingers an' veels on't it.* 
A spark view awver the staayble, 
The skimmer hit the laaydle. 
Ah ! zes the Gridiron caan't you two agree, 

♦ i.e., of it yet. 



CUSTOMS. 



19 



King Gborge : 



I be the Justice bring 'em avoor me, 
An' now we sho¥rs activity of yoath, activity of aayge, 
Zuch actin' you never zee upon another staayge, 
An' if e' wunt belave what I hev had to zaay, 
Walk in bawld King Gaarge an' clear the waaye— 

[King Gaarge enters. 

Second Character. 

I be King Gaarge a nawble Knight, 

I lost zum blood in English vight ; 

I keer not vor Spaniard, Vrench, nor Turk, 

Wher's the man as can do I hurt ? 

An' if bevoor muh he durs stan', 

I'll cut un down wi' this deadly han' 

I'll cut un an' slash un as small as vlies. 

An' zend un to the cook-shop to maayke mince pies. 

And zo let all yer vices zing, 

As I'm the Royal British King. [Enter French Officer. 



Third Character. 

French Officer : I be a bowld Vrench Officer, 

Beau Slasher is my naayme. 
An* by my sharp zoord at my zide, 
I hopes to win the gaayme ; 
My body's lined wie lead. 
My head is maayde of steel, 
An' I am come vrom Turkish land. 
To vight thee in the vield. 



King George 



Molly : 



Doctor : 



Oh, Slasher, Slasher dwooant thee be too hot, 
For in this room thee'U mind who thee hast got, 
Zo to battle, to battle, let thee an' I try, 
To zee which on the ground vust shall lie. 

(They fight, their swords clapping together with great 
noise. After a little fighting the French Officer 
hits King George on the leg and down he falls.) 

Doctor, doctor, maayke no delaay, 

But maayke thee haayste an* come this waay. 

Doctor, doctor, wher bist thee. 

King Gaarge is wounded* in the knee. 

Ten pound if that nawble Doctor was yer. 

[Doctor thereupon comes in. 

Fourth Character. 

1 be the nawble Doctor Good, 
An' wi' my skill I'll stop his blood. 
My vee's ten pound, but awnly vive. 
If I dwoant raaise this man alive. 

(Feels his pulse, shakes his leg, and then says) — 



* Pronounced to rhyme with " sounded." 



20 



INTRODUCTORY. 



Molly : 



Doctor : 
Molly : 



Jack Vinny 



Doctor : 
Jack Vinny : 
Doctor : 

Jack Vinny : 
Doctor : 
Jack Vinny: 



This man be not quite dead see how his leg shaaykes, 

An' I've got pills as cures all ills, 

The itch, the stitch, the palsy an' the gout, 

Paains 'athin an* paains 'athout. 

An' any awld 'ooman dead zeven year, 

If she got one tooth left to crack one o' theuz yer. 

(fie then holds up the box, shakes it to rattle the 
pills, and finally opening it, takes a large .one 
out and stuffs it into King George* s mouth, 
saying)— 

Rise up, King Gaarge, an' vight agaain, 
An' zee which on *e vust is slaain. 

(King George jumps up forthwith into attitude to 
fight: this time they fight longer, and uith 
even more clattering of sti^ords — at length King 
George hits the French Officer, who falls down 
flat.) 

Doctor, doctor, do thy part. 

This man is wounded* to the heart ; 

Doctor, can *e cure this man. 

No, I zees 'e's too vur gan. 

Then walk in Jack Vinny. 

[Jack Vinny enters. 
Fifth Character. 

My naayme is not Jack Vinny * 
My naayme is Mr. John Vinny, 
A man of faayme, come vrom Spaain, 
Do moor nor any man agaain. 

Well, what can'st thee do, Jack ? 

Cure a magpie wi' the tooth-aayche. 

How ? 

Cut his yead off an' draw| his body into the ditch. 

Well, cure this man. 

If he 'uU taayke one drap out o* my drug bottle, 

Which is one pennoth o' pigeon's milk, 

Mixed wi* the blood of a gracehopper, 

An' one drap o' the blood of a dyin' donkey, 

Well shaayken avoor taayken ; 

I'll be bound 'e *ull rise up an' vight no moor — 

Gie I my Spectacles ! 

(Is handed a pair of wooden spectacles). 

Gie I my Pliers I 

(Is handed a large-sized pair of pliers, with which, 
making much parade, he proceeds to draw one of 
the French Officer's teeth, and at length ex- 
hibiting a large horse* s tooth.) 



• Pronounced to rhyme wiih " sounded." 



+ i,e., throw. 



CUSTOMS. 



21 



Yer's a tooth enough to kill any man, 
But he 'ull cure this man ; 
I comes vrom Spaain an' thee vrom Vrance, 
Gie us thy hand, rise up an' dance. 

(French officer rises. The two then execute a dance.) 
Molly : Walk in, Happy Jack. 

[Happy Jack comes in. 

Sixth Character. 
Happy Jack : I be poor awld Happy Jack, 

Wie wife an' vamly at my back ; 
Out o' nine I yent but vive, 
An' hafe o' thaay be sturved alive. 
Roast be-uf, plum pudden an' mince pie. 
Who likes them ther better 'n I. 
The roo-ads be dirty, my shoes be bad, 
Zo plee-uz put zummut into my bag. 
Molly: Come in, Vey ther Beelzebub, 

Who on thy sha wider cars a club, 
Under thee erm a drippin' pan. 
Bent 'e now a jolly awld man. 

[Enter Beelzebub. 
Seventh Character. 
Beslzebub : Yer comes I as yent bin 'it* 

Wie my gurt 'yead an' little wit ; 

My yead's zo big an' my wits zo small, 

Zo I brings my Viddle to plaaze 'e all. 

{Commences to play on the fiddle, and all dance a 
reel, from which Molly walks out to collect from 
the lookers on.) 

The foregoing is the rendering of the Mummers' Play, 
generally given in Mid -Berkshire, but the Mummers of most 
parishes have slight variations. For instance, we find the 
3ompton Mummers have amongst iheix dramatis persona a Turkish 
■cnight in place of a French officer. He thus announces himself : 

Yer comes I, a Turkish Knight, 
Come vrom Turkeyland to vight ; 
I myzelf an' zeven moor 
Vaught a battle o* 'leven scoor — 
'Leven scoor o* well-armed men 
We never got conquered 'it by them. 

To whom King George replies : 

Whoa thou little veller as talks zo bawld, 

'Bout thaay other Turkish chaps 

I've a bin tawld. 

Dray thee zoord mwoast parfic knight, 



♦ i.c.<,yd. 



a lMTROt)UCtOkV. 

Dray thy zoord an' on to vight, 

Vor I'll hev zatisvaction avoor I goes to-night. 

My yead is maayde o* iron, 

My body maayde o' steel, 

An* if *e wunt bele-uv muh 

Jus' dray thee zoord an* veel. 

{They fight.) 

In the performance by the Steventon Mummers we find 
King George announces himself as the"Africky King." His 
antagonist, however, is Beau Slasher, the French officer. 

The Brightwaltham Mummers have Molly given the title 
of Queen Mary. 



IV. 
SUPERSTITIONS. 



Superstition is more deeply rooted than might be supposed 
by any not born and bred amongst the people. Education has 
lately done much, and there is a tendency to conceal faith 
in the Super-natural, but this concealment is not quite dis- 
belief. Many of the superstitions in Berkshire are almost 
universal. Those common are — 

A dog howling betokens death. 

With thirteen sitting down to a meal, death is certain to 
happen to one of the party within twelve months. 

In the locality where you first hear the cuckoo, you may 
probably spend the greater part of the year, and some important 
event of your life will happen there. 

A cinder falling alight from the fire in the shape of a coffin 
signifies death, in the shape of a cradle — a birth, and in the 
shape of a purse — wealth. 

A spark in the candle means a letter ; if you snocks it down, 
it falls towards the person who will get the letter. Letters were 
probably few and far between when this superstition arose. 

White spots on the finger nails : If on thumb a gift; first 
finger a new friend ; second finger a foe ; third finger a letter 
from a sweetheart ; fourth finger an enforced journey. 



SL'PEBSTITIONS. 2ii 

Knives across each other at tahle indicate a quarnt. 
If the creases of a table cloth are diamond shape, this is a 
;n of death. 
Furoiture creaking betokens serious illness. 
WhtTi martins build their lusls poverty neverreigivs : N'o one will 
K the eggs of a martin nor kill these birds, and good luck and 
osperity are believed to come under the roof around which 
ly build. Their nests are only destroyed when feathers pro- 
jpiding from the side aperture show that sparrows have taken 
ession and turned out the rightful owners; then a long pole 
I brought and the mud structure poked to pieces to the 
Istruciion of the eggs or young family of the pirates. It is 
psidered a sign of bad luck to those living in a house if 
irtins having once built around the roof discontinue to do so. 
If a horse be found in the stable in a sweat in the morning 
It is beUeved that he has been taken out and ridden by a Witch 
or Evil Spirit during the night. A horse shoe nailed on the 
1 outside of the stable door will prevent this, but it may be noted 
H^MtaU belief in the efficacy of a horse shoe nailed on a door seems 
^^^Bdespread, for in the West Indies many are nailed on doors of 
^^^Hsn official quarters to keep away yellow fever or cholera, 
^^^^ Finding a horse shoe will bring good luck to the finder. 

A stalk swimming in your lea shows that a stranger is 
coming, it is placed on the back of the hand and the wrist 
patted. If it should faUat the first pat the stranger will arrive 
that day, if, at the second pat, on the second day and so on. 
You then repeat the operation to ascertain the hour; the first 
|t leferring to one o'clock, the second to two o'clock, lic. If the 
k be a hard one the stranger will be a man, if a soft one, a 
If the stranger be not welcome to come, the tea stalk 
t not be placed on the hand, but should be taken out of the 
teacup and thrown under the table. 

If your nose itches you will be shortly kiucd, curstd, or 



xou in 

■ref 
kb 
»ar 



Llf your right ear bums someone is speaking good of you ; if 
f Uft ear burns evil is being spoken of you. 

k cock crowing at an unusual time, shows that a stranger 

ming. 



2-A INTRODUCTORY. 

At first sight of the new moon, a piece of hloney should be 
taken out of the pocket and turned over in the hand, this will 
ensure a prosperous month. 

A first sight of the new moon through a window forebodes 
forthcoming bad luck. 

As regards the number of magpies seen at one time, the 
following rhymes are used : 

One sorrow, 
Two joy, 
Three a wedding, 
Four a boy. 

And 

One sorrow, 

Two mirth, 

Three a wedding, 

Four a birth. 

The superstition as regards the necessity to announce the 
death of the master of a house to the Bees is deeply rooted. Any 
omission to do this would give them such umbrage that they 
would certainly all die. My brother tells me that at the death 
of my father in 1855, the old nurse in the house (Mrs. Barr), 
came to him and said, **The bees should at once be waked, sir." 
He scouted the proposal, but she continued to beg to be allowed 
to do it. At length she went away to one hive placed amongst 
many others in the kitchen gardens. She tapped this hive three 
times, and then said, ** Wake, your master is dead ! " she 
explained that the bees of this hive would at once inform all the 
others, and that all was now satisfactory. 

A piece of wedding-cake passed through a bride's ring and 
placed under the pillow will make a girl plainly to see her future 
husband in a dream. 

If a person requires money ardently, and should say the 
Lord's Prayer backwards three times, and shall afterwards prick 
his finger and write on a paper with the blood, ** Beelzebub, 
Beelzebub, three pounds from thee," and place the paper under 
his pillow, he will find the paper gone in the morning, and 
money will certainly shortly come to him, but his soul has 
become the property of the Evil One. 

On certain nights of the year it is believed that the Fairies 
dance around the ** Fairy Rings " of a different coloured grass 
from that usually found on the Downs, and on arriving at any of 



SUPERSTITIONS. 2^9 

these *' Rings '' one should walk round them rather than across 
them. 

Birds pecking at a window announce a death. The 
coincidences I have known in respect of this are certainly so 
remarkable as almost to justify the superstition. I was in a 
house, where at daybreak a large number of pigeons settled 
themselves along bedroom window ledges, making great pecking 
and noise, and awakening the inmates. About two hours later 
it was announced that the master of the house had died about 
the time referred to. 

Some look with great foreboding on the appearance 
of a raven ; others think there is sad news conveyed by the 
pecking of a robin at the window, but where the robin has been 
encouraged to come by feeding him with bread crumbs, no 
harm is thought of. Robins are regarded almost with veneration 
by many. They are supposed to be incapable of doing any 
damage to crops, &c., and they are believed to witness evil 
deeds when no other may be near. It is certainly the case that 
although the robin is not a bird of the woods, yet if a person 
should make a tapping or other unwonted noise in any secluded 
spot, a robin shortly appears on the scene and takes an interest 
in the proceedings. 

.*• ••• •*« -*« 

V 'l» *l* •!* 

Few villages are witliout their ghost stories. The White 
Lady who rides on a White Horse along secluded lanes at 
Well House is much dreaded. But such matters fortunately 
often admit of being fully cleared up to the satisfaction of the 
most superstitious. 

A short time ago some persons had been frightened by 
a ghost said to appear in Hampstead Norreys Churchyard. 
It was reported slowly to raise its head to a gigantic height, 
make some unearthly noises, and then quickly disappear. At 
length, on investigation, the ghost proved to be a large white 
Turkey Cock that had taken to roosting on a white tombstone. 
On the approach of any one he had raised himself from his 
sleep, and with gobbling and flapping of wings had vanished 
behind his resting-place. 

1 will conclude this with a short account of the satisfactory 
laying of a ghost. 



26 IXTRODUCTORV. 

At South Moreton, seventy years ago, there was a house where 
the most extraordinary occurrences took place. Those who ven- 
tured to sleep in the house reported that at times their candles 
would bum blue and sometimes go out with a great flash of light, 
that when hing in bed gravel would be thrown over them and 
about the room by unseen hands, and that a large family Bible lying 
on a shelf would of its own accord fly about the room and even 
hit them when in bed. 

These things made such a stir that my father asked to 
be allowed to investigate. He went to the house at nightfall, 
taking a supply of candles with him ; he stipulated that the 
occupiers of the house should not be near it during that 
night, though these latter had strongly urged that the ghost had 
shown no disposition to hurt them personally, but that the same 
forbearance would not be exercised towards others who might 
go there to set a supernatural power at defiance. My father was 
accompanied by a firiend, Mr. Thomas Humfirey ; they kept 
good watch, and nothing extraordinary happened during the 
night. 

In the morning they made a careful examination. 

They found under a piece of matting by the bedside a small 
portion of floor-board neatly inserted that was removable firom the 
room below ; thus, by standing on the table of the underneath 
room the board in question was taken out and gravel scattered 
as desired over the bed and bedroom. 

Some of the candles left in the house were found to have 
been cut in two, a small portion of the wick abstracted, 
and a gunpowder mixture inserted in the hollow ; the candles 
had then been most neatly joined again ; this accounted for 
the candles burning blue and going out with a flash. 

The shelf whereon the Bible was lying was secured to a 
partition wall, and at the same height in the room on the 
other side of the partition wall a row of wooden pegs was fixed. 
One of these jxigs had been made to pierce quite through the 
wall at the spot on the shelf whore the Bible was resting, and 
by a sharp knock on this peg the Bible might be sent fl>dng 
about the bedroom. 

It subsequently appeared that the occupants of the house 
had reason to believe that their rent was about to be raised and 



Folk lore. 27 

had wished to deter others from taking the house in case they 
should propose to give it up. Supernatural aid had been 
enlisted accordingly. 



V. 
FOLK-LORE. 



In Berkshire the little blue Tit-mouse is styled the **King 
of Birds." The legend as commonly told runs thus : 

The eagle summoned all kinds of birds together, to choose 
their king ; it was agreed that the one which could fly highest 
should be elected. 

The Rook flew so high that he called out, 

Caw, caw, caw, 
I can zee it alL 

The Lark flew quite up to heaven's gate, and there sung a 
sweet song of triumph. 

But whilst these trials were going on the little blue Tit-mouse 
crept under the feathers of the eagle and hid itself there. When 
the eagle's turn came he soared far higher than any of the 
others and remained stationary at that point, looking proudly 
downwards. At length when quite exhausted with the prolonged 
effort, he was obliged to commence to descend — at that moment 
the little blue Tit-mouse flew out and mounted still higher than 
the eagle had done, with its pert note of 

" Tit, tit, 
Higher it, 
Tit, tit. 
Higher it." 

All the birds were therefore obliged to acknowledge that the 
little blue Tit-mouse must be their King. 

The title of King of Birds has somewhat similarly been 
sometimes claimed for the wren, but this is not so in Berkshire. 

••• J- L** .r. 

•■• n' V &• 

•There was once a King who determined to have the 
question decided as to which of the animals should be called 
the '* King of Beasts.'* So on a certain day he had all the different 



28 INTRODUCTORY. 

kinds assembled and turned into a large arena. He then had it 
proclaimed that at a given signal they might all fall to fighting i 
and that the one which survived should win the title of 
** King of Beasts " for his descendants for ever. 

The word was given ; all the animals began fighting furiously, 
and as one was slain, the victor would seek another antagonist. 
At length the Lion, crippled, bleeding, and scarcely able to stir, 
thought himself to be the sole survivor, but on looking round to 
make sure that this might be so, he espied an old Donkey standing 
with his head thrust into a corner of the arena. The Donkey had 
run thither in very great fright at the commencement of the fray. 
The maimed Lion with great difficulty crawled along to where 
the Donkey was standing. The latter waited his opportunity, and 
when the Lion came close up to him, lashed out with both his 
heels, striking the Lion full on the head and rolling him in the 
dust. 

The Donkey, therefore, became the ** King of Beasts.'* 

^ ;,; J,: >,; 

The Magpie has always been the highest authority amongst 
the Birds in the art of nest-building. Its own extensive nest of 
twigs is not surpassed by anything of the kind in the woods, 
the * Squirrels Draw * alone approaching it in appearance. 

The poor Wood Pigeon knew not how to build a nest at 

all, and in her tribulation besought the Magpie to teach her. 

The Magpie consented, so some sticks were collected and the 
ksson began. 

** One stick this waay, t'other stick that waay, one stick 
a-thurt, t'other stick across," chattered the Magpie. 

** That 'ooll do-o-o-o, that 'ooU do-o-o-o," coo*d the Wood 
Pigeon, highly pleased with what had been done, and feeling 
that this was as much as she could possibly manage to remember. 

** No t'wunt, no t'wunt, one stick here, t'other stick there, 
and one betwixt," replied the Magpie, suiting the action to the 
word. 

** That 'ooll do-o-o-o, that 'ooll do-o-o-o," said the poor 
Wood Pigeon again, now quite confused and utterly unable to 
follow the teaching any longer. 

" W^cU, if tool for thee t'wunt vor I," responded the 
Magpie, out of patience with so inapt a pupil, and off she flew. 



FOLK LORE. 20 

Thus it arises that the Wood Pigeon's nest has never 
been properly constructed, and that it consists only of a few 
twigs roughly laid across each other. ' 

:ft ii: H: ili 

It is said locally that a Dog's Nose and a Woman's Elbow are 
always cold, never being otherwise when there is good health. 
This is accounted for as follows : — In the days of the flood the 
Ark sprung a small leak and Noah, who had forgotten to bring 
carpenter's tools on board with him, was at his wits' end how 
to act. His faithful Dog had followed him to the place where 
the leak was, and stood watching the influx of water. In his 
trouble Noah seized the Dog and crammed his nose into the 
leak. 

This stopped it, but in a few moments Noah perceived 
that the Dog must die if kept in this position any longer. By 
this time Noah's Wife had come up and was standing by his side 
watching what was taking place. Noah thereupon released the 
Dog, and taking his Wife's arm stuffed her elbow into the crack. 

The danger was thus averted, but a Dog's Nose and a 
Woman's Elbow will remain cold as long as the World lasts. 

The above legend seems to have nothing specially of a 
Berkshire character about it, but I have never heard it told 
outside the county. 

:;; 5;: * ^ 

Amongst country folk the notes or calls of many birds are 
given their eqvivalents in phrases. I remember an old shepherd 
at Hampstead Norreys, ** Shepherd Savoury," who seemed to 
have words or phrases for all birds. 

As an instance, he one morning said he had been 
walking down a lane with his gun (a recent conversion 
from a flint arrangement), and found there a small flock of 
sparrows flying along the hedge in front of him. When 
these birds saw some one coming, they began to argue as to his 
identity ; some said ** 'tis he, 'tis he," to which others replied, 
'* t'yent, t'yent.'* This discussion went on until the birds fell 
a-fighting over it, and all flew close together in their struggle, 
as their manner is. ** Then," said the Old Man, ** I thate the 
time had come vor to show um ** 'tis I," an' zo I let vly an' killed 
a dozen on um." 



80 INTRODUCTORY. 

VI. 

••SAYINGS" AND PHRASES. 



Dwoant never buy a Peg in a Pwo-ak, — This proverb is very 
common ; it signifies that one should not make a bargain 
without previous thorough knowledge of what one is acquiring. 

A wkistlin' 'Ooman an' a crawin' Hen 
Be-ant good vor God nor it tor Men. 

This is quoted with reference to a woman who attempts to do 
anything which would be more properly performed by a man. 
Wliistling is held to be unwomanly, and it may be added that 
there is almost as strong a feeling in some communities in 
Berkshire against men or boys whistling on Sundays as there 
may be in any part of Scotland. 

As frond as a Hen at' one Chick, — A very common sa3ring with 
reference to one who is not able to conceal pleased pride about 
some matter, such as the success of a child at school, &c. 

Raain avoor Zeten vine avoor 'Leven is a very common weather 
proverb. 

** Zing aroor Breakcns* Cry aroar Night'* is the phrase which 
greets those who commence the day with buoyant spirits 
too audibly apparent to others. 

To require anything, as mnch as a Two-ad wants a Zide-pockut^ is 
the expression to indicate that the thing asked for is quite 
unnecessar}" and unsuited to the person who makes the 
application. 

What be good for the Haay he bad wr the Tnrmmis, — This saying 
has special reference to the fact that fine hay-making weather 
s bad for the }x>ung turnips, which require warm rain, but it is 
commonly made use of with respect to an}-thing that may be 
good in one way and bad in another. 

There are many "sayings" respecting thrift, which is 
looked on as a very high virtue indeed. Commonly quoted by 
pruden: housewives we have — 

Tcv-^s/ Ytr BrtJid 
An* rdskfr \er VitUk, 
An" *s i^mg ^s /' hvts 
Tkfe \\^i mertr tt Rhk, 

«• New Bread, new Beer, an gre-an ^Ood, 'nil bring Rnin to any 
mans hcnse." 




Children hold a buttercup to the chin to see if one likes 
butter — \i there be a bright yellow reflection the liking exists — if 
there be none, they then try whether any reflection comes from 
the centre of a daisy, and this would indicate a liking for cheese, 
A sliining face usually shows the liking for butter. 

After children have finished eating cherry-pie or cherry- 
pudding, and accumulated cherry stones around the edge of the 
plate, they try to determine what kind of a house they will spend 
their lives in. On touching the first cherry-stone they say, 
" Oreat-bouae," on touching the second " Little-house," at the 
third " Pig-sty," and at the fourth " Barn," and so on again. 
The word spoken on touching the last cherry-stone, indicates 
the nature of the future residence. 

There are similarly other sayings with cherry-stones. A girl 
thus seeking the status of her future husband, says, "Tinker, 
tailor, soldier, sailor, rich man, poor man, beggar, thief." 

Also as regards the time of her marriage — " This year, next 
year, now, or never." 

Then for her dress — " Silk, satin, muslin, rags." 

For her mode of conveyance, "Coach, carriage, wheel- 
bftrf ow, dung-cart." 

Jf there be one of whom she thinks favourably she will 
tby touching cherry stones and saying, '■ He loves me; 

tn't ; he'll marry me ; he won't ; he would if he could ; but 

lon't 'cause he can't." 
■Girla ascertain how many years will elapse before they will 

married by blowing at the seeds on a dandelion stalk. The 
of years will correspond with the number of puffs 
required to get rid of ail the seeds. Those with the best lungs 
would api>ear to have the best chance ol getting married soon. 



Amongst old Servants there is a crustiness of temper that 
seems inseparable from the honest, sterling devotion to those 
vhom they serve. No affront is ever taken, the old servants 
being privileged. On days on which this crustiness of temper 
is specially apparent fellow servants and others try to keep clear 



82 IXtRODrCTORY. 

as much as possible. As an instance, I may mention an old 
carpenter called " Jemps Burgess,*' who, with his son Dick, w^as 
employed about Hampstead Norreys Farm to do all small 
repairs and services. His duties ranged from mending dolls* 
legs and arms to framing buildings ; he used to come in daily at 
noon, with his son, for the regulated pint of beer. He was 
greatly esteemed and liked. 

One day he came in, not accompanied by his son Dick 
as usual. 

The girl who brought his beer said quite civilly, ** Oh, 
Jemps, wher be Dich to-daay?'* to which Jemps replied, 
** Who d'ye mane by Dick ? beant ut enough vor 'e as his 
godveythers an' godmothers christened un Richut, &c, ? The 
maid hastily disappeared. Up till this time none had ever known 
** Dick** under any other name. 

A touch of the same spirit existed in Dick himself ; it was 
usual to take him oft' his regular work for any odd messages, 
&c., and one day he had several times been sent with notes or 
messages to a house in the village where the occupants were on 
very intimate terms with the family of his master. On another 
note being at length handed to Dick he turned it over as if not 
understanding, and then said to the servant maid, '* Tell um 
plaze as I dwoant know my waay." 



About fifty years ago there lived at Hagbourn Mr. Robert 
Appleford. He was a Pig dealer by trade, was a ** Character," 
and was well known throughout the county as ** Bob Applevord." 

Bob caused to be circulated far and wide notification that he 
had, at Hagbourn, a prime fat Pig which he intended to present 
to any man who could prove that he had always strictly minded 
his own business. For some time nobody responded to the 
invitation, and the one or two who at length did so had weak 
claims, which fell through. 

But there was a man at Didcot of remarkably taciturn 
disposition, and his neighbours told him he was the right 
man to claim the Pig. Accordingly he one morning 
went over to Bob Appleford's Pig-yard at Hagbourn, and 
accosted him with, ** I be the man as minds my awn business 
an' be come vor that ther Peg." " Well," says Bob Appleford, ** I 



"sayings'* and phrases. 8B 

be glad to zee *e then. Come an' look at un." They accord- 
ingly went to the sty where the celebrated Pig was, and for 
awhile both gazed admiringly. 

Bob Appleford then stroked the Pig and remarked, ** A be a 
vine un* jus' as I zed vor, be-ant a ? " " Eese, a rayly be," said 
the claimant from Didcot ; " Zurely a 'markable vine Peg, an' 
med I ax 'e what 'e hev a-ved* un on to maayke — ." ** That 
be my business an' not yourn, good marnin'," replied Bob 
Appleford interrupting. 

"No one else claimed the Pig." 

The Mid-Berkshire rebuff to a Busybody is and is likely to 
be, " You'll never get Bob Applevord's Peg." 



THE WELL-HOUSE, ZWILLY-HAWLE. 



(I) 
•• Willum, ther's zumniut puzzles I — 

Med-be as you can zaay vor why 

The Waaler yer, runs unner groun', 

An' dwoant vlaw ont as can be voun.' " 

•• Well, Richut, 1 hev yeard um tell 
As that ther hawle goes like a well ; 
Down in the yarth, an' zome zes droo' 
The vurry bottom on un too." 

(3) 
•* Oh, Willum, you a joke hev tried, 

The yarth ent got no bottom zide, 

An' that mus' prove, ther yent no doubt, 

As what vlaws in atop c^mes out." 

(4) 
•* Now, Richut, thee zims sherp enough. 

But what's the good o' tawkin' stuff ? 

Thess zettle H, an' t'yent no girt zin — 

Thess get a duck an' put un in. 

(5) 
"Athout the waater ke-ups inzide, 

E med-be zure as he wunt bide ; 

If that ther stre-am comes droo' a-top. 

Athin the yarth that bird wunt stop." 

(6) 
Now, whilst um zo did argivy, 

A vlock o' ducks comes paddlin' by. 

•• Why, Richut, look ! Why, theuz be zent 

Jus' pat vor our experiment." 

• i.e.. fed, 
U 



84 INTRODUCTORY. 

(7) 

" But, Willum, that ud be a wrong 
To shove one down that hawie along, 
An' what 'uU awld Daayme Bushell zaay 
If us do zar un zuch a waay *' ? 

(«) 

" Well, Richut, lamed chaps do zwaayre 
As what's vor vindin' out be vaair, 
Zo thess hev hopes the Daavme wunt vret, 
She'll hev but one the less to yet."* 

(9) 
By now the ducks was handy got, 
An' Willum jumped among the lot, 
An' ketched a vine un — scotched his pawle» 
An' zent un quackin' down the hawle 1 



(10) 

Vor moor'n a we-uk um zarched aroun' 

Vor any duck as med be voun' ; 

But ater all was zed an' done. 

Daayme Bushell 's brood stood shert by one. 

(II) 

But bym-by comes a taayle to town. 
Zome carter bwoys at Ivrinton.l 
A baaythin in the river ther. 
Had zummut zin as struck um queer. 

(12) 

Vust \loated veathers vast an* thick, 
An' zome time ater zad an* zick, 
\ dyin' duck zo woebegone 
Wi' narra zingle veather on. 

(13) 
Willum an' Richut went to zee 
That duck as shawed zuch mizeree ; 
Ther a was scotched acrass the pawle. 
As thaay'd adone at Zwilly-Hawle. 

(M) 
Zo that poor mortal duck had voun' 
His longvul waay all unner groun', 
An' prooved as how that stre-am do run 
From Zwilly-Hawle to Ivrinton. 



• i.r-, Kat. \ Kvcringion, a hanil«t more than two miles from Well-Houte. 



PL.VCE NAMES. 35 

VII. 

PLACE-NAMES. 



It may be of interest to record the various ways in which 

the names of Berkshire towns were spelt in the middle of the 

seventeenth century. In preparing the Berkshire notes for 

the new edition of Boyne's Seventeenth Century Tokens I have 

classified the si>elling found on the Tokens, with the following 

result : — 

Abingdon is spelt 

5 times Abington, 

4 times Abingdon, 
I time Abbington, 
I time Abindon. 

Blewbury is spelt 

3 times Blbwbbry, 

1 time Blbwberey. 

Bucklbbury has but one token, Mrhereon the spelling is Bucklebery 

CooKHAM was spelt as at present. 

CoxwELL was spelt Coxall (Litle Cox all). 

Faringdon is spelt 

5 times Farringdon, 
3 times Faringdon, 

2 times Farindon, 
I time Farington. 

Hagbourn was spelt 

I time Hagborn. 
I time Hagborne, 
I time Hagbvrne. 

Harwell was spelt as now. 

Hungerford was spelt 

3 times Hvngerford, 
I time Hvnger Ford. 
I time Hungerford. 

Ilslby was spelt as now. 

Lambourn was in all four cases spelt Lamborne. 

LoNGCoTT was spelt as now. 

LoNGWORTH has not changed. 

Maidenhead was spelt 

3 times Maydenhead, 
I time Maydenhad, 
t time Maiden Hbao. 



8(> 



INTRODUCTORY. 

Newbury was spell 

6 times Newbery, 
4 times Nevvbry, 
I time Newbvrv, 
I time Newberry, 
I lime Nbwbvrye. 



Reading is spelt 



Z7 times Reading, 
lo times Reding, 
6 times Readinge, 
6 times Redding, 
2 times Readine, 
I time Rbdin, 
I time Redden. 



SoNNiNG is spelt 



I time SvNNiNG, 

1 time SvNNiNG Towne. 

Wallingford is spelt 

12 limes Wallingford, 

2 times Wallingforde, 

1 time Walling Forde. 

Wantage is spelt 

14 times Wantage, 

2 times Wanting, 
I time WoNTAGE, 

I time Wantidge, 

1 lime Wantinge. 

Windsor is spelt 

5 times Windsor, 

3 times WiNsoR, 

2 times New Windsor, 
2 times New Winsor. 

WiNKFlELD is spelt WlNKFEILD. 

Wokingham is spelt 

6 times Wokingham, 

4 times Ockingham, 

2 times Wockingham, 
1 time Okingham. 
I time Oakingham. 



Those who issued the Tokens and spelt the names of towns 
as aboYe were principally inn-keepers and leading tradesmen. 



A GLOSSARY 

OF 

BERKSHIEE WORDS. 



A 

A. — *A' is commonly used as a prefix to the present and past 

participles. The following are illustrations of its use thus : — 

" I be a-gwaain " (I am going). 

•' I've a-zed what Tve a-got to zaav " (I have said what I have to say) 

•• Thaay be a-vightin* " (they are fighting). 

A. — A is also used for *he* or *it*, thus : — 

" If zo be as a zes a wunt, a wunt " (if he says he won't, he won*t). 

AAYGIN. — Getting old in appearance. 

•• Mother's a-bin aaygin vast laaytely ater her cawld at Kursmas." 

AAYKERN.— The acorn. 

When the acorns fall pigs are turned into the woods aaykemin, 

AAYPE. — To simulate or copy. 

" He aaypes the gurt man " (he tries to appear the great man, i.e., is 
consequential). 

AAYPRUL VOOL. — The almost universal custom of making 
one an ^^Aayprul Vaol'* on the ist of April by leading him 
to look for something which turns out to have no foundation 
obtains throughout Berkshire. But this trick cannot be 
attempted after noon, for then the proposed victim would 
respond with "Aapryl Vools gan' paast, an' you be biggest 
vool at laast.'' 

ABEAR, or ABER.—* Can't afe^r * means * can't tolerate * or 
'* greatly dislike." Abide is used much in the same sense. 
'* I can't abear zuch a vool as he be." 

ABED.— In bed. 

" If a lez a-hed o* mamins a wunt never graw rich.'' 

ABIDE. — ^To put up with, to tolerate. 

•• I can*t abiJe such me-un waays." 



88 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

A-BIN. — Been ; used superfluously thus : — 

" I've a-hin an* broke a jug." 

" The bwoy hev a-hin an* cut his vinger." 

ABOVE A BIT. — Considerably, to an important extent. 

ABRO-AD. — Corn or hay is said to be layin* ahro-ad when 

scattered about, and neither in cocks nor zwaths, 

A farmer is sometimes described as gone abro-ad v/hen walking in 
the fields. 

ACAUSE. — Because. 

*' A want come acause thee bist yer " (he won't come because yon are 
here). ^ 

ACAWLD.— Cold. 

" I be a<veelin acawld." 

ACCOUNT.— Worth, value. 

•*That ther yent much account" or ('count), f.r., *'That is worth 
little " or of no avail. 

ACELET. — Parts of the offal, as the heart, &c., of a hog 
roasted to form a dish. 

ACRASS. — Not on good terms. 

" Gaarge an' his brother hev a-bin a bit acrass laaytely." 

ACTIN-ON*T. — Pretending, also doing wrong. 

" Zo you bwoys hev a-bin actin on't agin, hev 'e " ? (so you boys have 
been in mischief again, have you ?) 

ADAM. — ** As awld as Adam*' is the common phrase to denote 
great age or antiquity. 

ADAMS-AAYLE.— Water fit to drink. 

ADDER'S TONGUE. — The leaf of the common bracken. 
ADDLE-YEADED. — The reverse of quick witted ; stupid. 

ADONE.— Stop! desist! It is often followed by 'then 'or 

*now.* 

A girl would say '• Adone then ! " or " Adone /" or* " Adom now ! " on 
her sweetheart attempting to snatch a kiss. 

ADRY.— Thirsty. 

*' I be adry " (I am thirsty). 

AFF.— Off. 

AGG. — To cut unskillfully. 

*' What be at a-aggin the me-at like that ther 'twunt go hafe zo vur." 

AGIN. — Near to or anighst. 

" I left the prong over agin the staayble door." Also used for ' in 
view of.' 

" I hev a-got money put by agin a raainy daay." 



;F.RKSHIRE WORDS. 



—Eager, ready. 
'* Thaay was all agog ti 






AGOGGLE. — Having the head shake with palsy. An old 
man oamed Tailor West, of Hampstead Norreys, was spoken 
of there as being agoggle ; he was the terror of little children 
from this involuntary shaking of the head at them, 

.\GOGS.— White-thorn berries. 

AGON E.— Departed. 

-Thaay'i-e a-bin agoni this dree hour." 

AGRA-ABLE, — Consenting, willing. 

" ! be agra-abU vor um to gel married if om be agni-ab!c on I'olher 



hole. 

es AGWINE.- 



AGROUND.— Intoj 
■■ The vox be goo 

AGWAAIN.sometin 
'■ I beat ■igi.'aain 
" I lie jus' i^hiii'iM 

AHUNGERD.— Hungry. 

"I t)ea-veeliii' akitngtrd" (I am feeliog hungry) 

AIT, or AAYTE, — A river, island, or flat on the hank with 
osiers growing. 

ALANG O'. — On account of. 

" Ul be all alang n' that ilier cooitin' as a dwoant do no work o' no 

ALANG WI'. — In company with. 

When a youni; man is accused of flirting with s 



perhat 



nney did go alaii^ wi' her a 



ALE, also VELL and AAVLE. — Always used with reference 
to beer of a strong description. 

'■ Odll 'e hev a glass o* iiiijli or a glass o' beer"? 
ALF.— Short name for Alfred. 

ALL, also AAL or AEL, — Very commonly used in formation 
of compound words or phrases as in the cases following, — 
LL-A-HO. — Standing awry. 

A rick is said lo be all-u-lio when sellled out of ihe perpendicular 

-•A-MANG. — Mixed together in a most confused manner. 
things out of place, in great 




40 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

ALL AS IS. — A decisive expression used when giving an order. 
" All as is you hev a-got to work laayte till I tells 'e to stap.** 

ALLEY. — A • tawl ' used by boys at marbles, when having red 
streaks it is called •* a hlood-alley.'* 

ALL IN A CHARM. — A confused noise as when children are 
talking and playing together around one. 

ALL IN BITS. — In small pieces. 

A carriage badly smashed by an accident is said to be all in bits. 

ALL IN RAGS. — One with clothes worn out is said to go 
about ** all in rags,'* 

ALL MANNERS. — Various kinds. Generally used in dis- 
paragement. 

*' Thaay was a-zaayin' all manners o* things about her/* (they 
were spesdcing evil of her). 

ALL ONE. — The same thing, or, making no diflference. 
" 'Tis all one to me wher (whether) e* goes or not." 

ALL-OVERISH. — Feeling confused or abashed. 

ALLOW, ALLOW. — Thus shouted twice to a dog to incite 
him to chase anything. 

ALL TO SMASH.— Totally wrecked. 

A L L U S . — A 1 ways . 

ALL VORNOTHIN'.— Quite in vain. 

A MI NT ED. — In the humour to, willing to. 

" If e beant aminted to do what I axes e, e med vind a plaayce zome 
'er else." 

AMOVE. — Where there is much game. 

A copse is said to be ''amove wi' gaayme *' (amove rhymes with 
•»rove.") 

AMSIAM.— The sign *• & " always thus called by children, and 
named after the letter ** Z " when saying the alphabet. 

AM WO AST. — Almost* nearly. 

My hwoy be <fw«\\M5/ as tail as I be. 

AN.— On. 
AN-EATll.— Honoath, 

ANEOrST.— Just aluMit, near against, almost. 

•• J zin in .tneoitst iho chuke pit " (I ww him near the chalk pit). 



-Something causing trouble, or making 



Us'lGHST or ANIGH.— Near to. 

" Ben not come anighit that tbec boss, uied be hell kick 'e 

A STICKS. — Mischievous 

APE-USO'WORK. 
damage ; a fuss. 

A PICKY BACK.^A way of carrying one on the back, with 
his arms around the neck, and legs under and supported by 

.\PPLE-PIE BED. — A bed made up by removing one of the 
two sheets and turning up the other from the bottom, so 
ihat when a person gets into bed his feet can go no farther 
down than the middle of the sheet thus turned up. 

APPLE-PIE ORDER.— Arranged wilh great regularity; it 
corresponds with the naval term "ship shape." 

APPLE SCOOP. — A scoop made by cutting away part from 
the knuckle bone of a leg of mutton. The flavour of 
apples is best brought out when eating them with such a 

A-PfRPOSE.— iDtentionally. 

" A drowed I down a-furfosc " (lie ihrew me down inleniioDally]. 

ARCHUT, or ERCHUT.— An orchar.i. 

AREADV.— Already. 

ARGY, also ARGI VV.— To argue. 

To ■■ argity nolhun' " means " lo have no weight, " " not lo tend to 

" What a chap like that Ihcr zea dwoant arghy nothun'." 

ARLY— Early. 

ARLY BWONE.— The hip bone of a pig. ' 

ARN. also ARRUN or ARRA-ONE.--One at all, either of 
them. 

ARN EST.— Earnest. 

The '■»/««(" nr "aru/sl moaiy" is a shilling Riven on hiring a 
servant ; ii completes the contract. 



^ARNE 



1 place of relative pronouns thiit 
It was he who told me), 



As ZO, and AS HOW, are also very similarly used, 
■■ A telled muh III ,10 his ship was sheared las* TuesHay. ' 



42 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

AS EVER I.— As I possibly. 

** I'll do 't as zoon as ever I can ** (I'll do it as soon as I possibly can). 

AS LIEV. — As readily, as soon. 

" I'd ^5 liev be killed as vrightened to death." 

ASPRAAL. — Falling down with legs and arms helplessly 
extended on the ground, is said to be " vallin' all aspraal,** 

AS SHOULD BE. — Quite correctly, properly ; as ought to be 

done. 

*• That bed yent maayde as should be*' (That bed is not made 
properly.) 

AST, also AXT. — To ask. 

ASTED. — Having the banns published in church. 
" Thaay was asted at church laast Zunday." 

ASTOOR.— Shortly, very quickly. 

ASTRADDLE. — Astride, sitting with legs wide apart, generally 
one leg on each side of a thing. 

ATE R.— After. 

ATERMATH, also LATTERMATH.— The second crop of 
grass, i,e,y ** Aftermowth.*' 

ATERN 00 N .—Afternoon . 

ATERWARD.— Afterwards. 

ATH IN. —Within, in the house. 

*• Be the me-uster athin "? *• Naw, he be just gan avidd." 

ATHOUT.— Unless. 

" I wunt go athout thee comes too." 

ATH URT.— Across. 

" I zin 'in run athurt the pe-us o' turmuts." 

ATOP O'.— On the top of. 

«♦ Get atop 0' the taayble." 

ATWE-UN, or ATWANE.— Between. 

*• Thaay haaved (halved) the apples atwe-un urn.'* 

ATWE-UN WHILES.— At odd times. 

" I never smokes my pipe when I be at work, but hevs a bit o' baccy 
zometimes atwe-un whiles.' 

AT WHOAM.— At home. 
ATWIST.— Twisted. 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 48 

ATWIXT.— Between. 

** He was caught atwixt the ge-ut an* the ge-at-pwo-ast.'* 

ATWO, — In two parts. 

*' Cat the taayters aiwo avoor *e plaants 'um." 

AUX. — ^To cut a slit at the back ot a hare or rabbits' leg, so 
that the other leg may thereby pass through it, and a 
number of them be carried on a pole by a keeper. 

AVEARD.— Afraid. 

" 'E bent aveard be *e ?" (You are not afraid are you ?) 

AVIELD. — IN the field. A farmer is said to be " gone avield " 
when he has gone to walk about his farm. 

AVOOR.— Before ; AVORN is "before him," and AVOORT 
is "before it." 

AVRESH.— Over again. 

*' Thee hast done the job zo bad thee mus' do 't avresh." 

Unknown before, new. 

*' A be a-doin* things in the parish as be quite avresh." 

AVRONT.— In front. 

" Thee get on avront o* I. ther yent room vor us bwo-ath in the 
paath." 

AWHILE, or AWHILES.— A short time ago. 

" He was yer awhiUs, but 'ood'nt waait no langer." 

AWLD. — «* Awld** is specially used as a term of familiarity, or 
even endearment. Thus a man would say of his wife, " My 
awld *ooman *ooll hev dinner jus' ready vor us.*' 

AWLD harry.—" To plaay Awld Harry " is to perform wild 
pranks, or commit wilful damage. 

AWLD MAN'S LOVE.— The plant, Sothernwood. 
AWVER. — Over. There are numerous compounds of this. 
AWVER DRAW.— To overthrow. 

AWVER-LAAY.— To kiU by accidentally lying upon. 
A sow not infrequently " awver-laays " one of her litter. 

AWVER.NIGHT.— The night before. 

** Mind as *e comes to us awver-night^ zo as we can maayke a stert 
early in the mamin*." 



44 BERKSHIRE WORKS. 

AWVER-RIGHT.— Opposite to, adjacent. 

*' I left the rabbuts as I shot awver-rigkt a crooked bache (beech) tree." 

AX. — To ask. * Asked* becomes **axt.** See also " Ast" and 

** ASTED.'* 

AXIN. — Asking or requesting. 

** She med be had vor the axin " (she would readily consent to an 
offer of marriage). 



B 



for sheep generally, 



BAA LAMB.— A term used by childre 
and specially for tambs. 

BAAYBY— A baby. 

BAAVKERS DOZEN.— Thirteen. 

BAAYLEY. — A farm bailiff or overlooker of labourers. 

BAAYSTE.— To flog. 

" K iaayslm" means a ".hipping. 

" 111 gie 'e a bjayslin byn by if e' dwoant look out." 

BACHELORS' BUTTONS.— The common name for the wild 

Scabious. 

BACK BOORD.— A board which children are made to place 
behind their shoulders holding the two ends in their hands 
to improve their figures. 

BACKERDS.— Backwards. 

" A veil down iiwici'i " 

BACKIN — Moving in a backward direction, used of a horse 
principally. 

"'iCK out. — Withdrawal (unworthily) from an agreement. 

BACK ZIDE. — Premises adjoining the back of a house. The 
term occurs, with others, in an indenture dated 2&th June, 
1691, wherein Mr. John Lowsley leases property at Kingston 
Backpurze to Richard Bagoly and Richard Cripps. The 
ieaserefers to house property and land called " MiddJetons," 
and the lawyer made hi"! description verj- full ; it ran thus : 
" All and singular- Houses, bames, siables, orchards, gardens. - bach 
lidti," lands. m^Jows. paslures, commons, hades, layes, moores. Irees, 
woods, undprwooda, tishings, wayes, waters, easemetils, pro&lls, 
comodities, advantages and herediiamenls «■ hal soever '' 

£K SOORDIN.— Single stick. This is still kept up i 



erkshire and the counties westward, A most 
»unt of this is given in Hughes" " Scouringi 



graphic 



4G BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

BACK UP. — A person very angry and ready to fight is said to 
have his ^^hack up,'* Many animals, as cats, ferrets, &c., 
elevate their backs when ready for action. 

BAD.—Always used for " ill." 

"A was bad vor a year or moor avoor a died." 

BAD DOER. — An animal that, no matter how well fed, never 
thrives. A good doer is the reverse of this. 

BADGER. — To worry or teaze. 

" If a badgers 'un any moor a ooll get his back up.*' 

BAG. — A cow's udder. 

" She's got a good bag, i.e. fgives much milk). 

" To bag " is also us^ (by boys principally) for • to purloin.* 

BAG-O-BWONES. — A person who has become extremely thin, 

BALK.— To thwart. 

*' He balked muh jus as I was a-goin' to shoot by callin' out like that 
ther." 

BALLET. — A long string of songs on a single sheet sold by 
itinerant vendors. 

BALLY RAGGIN'. — Loud continuous fault-finding and 
scolding. 

BALSER. — The largest size stone marble, specially used by 
boys for ** long taw.*' 

BAMBOOZLE. — To deceive ; to hoodwink ; to make a fool of 
one. 

BAME.— Balm. 

BANDY. — The game hocky or hurling is so called. 

BANG. — Quite ; totally ; decisively. 

Thee'd best go bang awaay. 

" A bang " is also any sharp loud noise. 

BANGER. — Something very large; an exaggerated story, 
hence a lie. 

" A banger " on the yead means a resounding blow. 

BANGIN'. — A very large quantity. 

" He gin I a bangin' helpin* o' plum pudden." 

BANSKITTLE.— The little fish also called stickleback. 

BARBERED. — To have barber's service, such as having one's 
hair cut, &c., performed. 

*' I be a-gwaayn to be barbered. 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 47 

BARK. — ^To knock the skin off ; also to cough. 

BARLEYOYLES.— The beards of barley. 

BARM, or BERM.— Yeast. 

BARREL TOM-TIT.— The long-tailed tit-mouse, so called 
from the shape of its nest. 

BARROW HILL. — An ancient tumulus. There are very 
many of these in the county. 

BAW TO A GOOSE.— One is said to be not able to say ** haw 
to a goose " when stupidly shy and reserved. 

BASTE. — To tack children's sewing together for them. 

BAT, or DRUGBAT.— The iron shoe chained to the wheel of 
a waggon or cart to impede rotation when going down-hill. 

BATE. — To lower the price at first demanded ; to whip. 

BAVIN.— A bundle of very small brush wood. 

*' A bavin ** differs from a faggot in having the brush wood of much 
smaller description. 

** Bavins " are used principally for burning in kilns, and for lighting 
kitchen fires. 

BAZE, or BE-UZ. — Bees. The following niay come from the 
same hive in a summer — swarm, smart, cast, and hitch — 
but this does not often happen. *' A maiden swarm " may 
also come out of the first swarm. 

BE.— Always used for ** are." 

BE- AT. — Tired out ; completely puzzled. 
*'Ibed«ad6^-a/." 

Also to walk a field in search of game. 

*' Which pe-us o' turmuts shall us be-at vust." 

BE-AT MY NAAYBOUR OUT O* DOORS.— The game of 
cards, ^^heggar my neighbour y' is so called {^^ doors'' rhymes 
with ** moors "). 

BEAUTIFY. — To make one*s toilette very carefully . 

BECALL. — To vilify ; to abuse. 
BEDDERD. -Bed-ward. 

" Lets get beddird, an' zo be up in the marnin'." 

BED-GOWN D.— A night-dress. 

BEDIZEN D. — Decorated very gaudily and with showy 
ornaments. 



48 BERKSHISE WORDS. 

BEDWINE.— Wild Clymatis. 

BEE-UCH GALL, or BACHE GALL.— A hard lump on the 
leaf of a beech tree. 

BEE-UCH MAASTS.— Beech nuts. 

BEER.— Pith, worth, solidity. 

*'That zannent zimmed to I vurry small beer (i.e.^ poor and unin- 
teresting). 

Naturally heer is much thought of. 

In the ** Scouring of the White Horse " we find lines go — 

*• Zartinly the sixpenny's the very best I've zeed yet, 
I do not like the fourpenny nor yet the intermediate.*' 
At the Manor House, Hampstead Norreys, there is a pair of quaint 
old drinking horns. On the first is painted a yeoman of the olden 
time, and from his mouth comes the legend. *' I love good heir\ " on 
the other is similarly painted a labourer, who responds, and '* So do I." 
A country brewing is thus locally described — 
" Vorty gallons o* Never Vear, 
Vorty gallons o' Taayble beer^ 
Vorty gallons o' Wus nor that. 
An* vorty gallons o* Rattle tap." 
The Never Vear is strong beer. 
The Rattle Tap is poor stuff indeed. 

In haymaking time or harvest a man who drinks beer would require a 
gallon a day. 

BEERY.— Partially intoxicated. 

BEGGAR. — To impoverish ; to make bankrupt. 

" That beggared I" (i.e., made me bankrupt). 

BEHAWLDEN.— Under obligation. 

*' I wunt be behawlden to the likes o' thaay." 

BELIKE, — Very probably, perhaps. 
" Now ut raains a wunt come belike." 

BELLOCK. — To roar loudly; to shout words in a coarse 
manner. 

" When I wolloped un' a bellocked zo e med year'n a mild awaay." 

BELLOWSES. — Bellows ; also the lungs. 

BEN NETS. — The long stalks of a species of grass with seeds 
thereon wherewith children make ** &^»w^ baskets." 

BENT, or BE- ANT.— Am not. 

*• I he-tMt a-gwaain to stan' 't," i.^., " put up with it.*' 

BERRY. — A rabbits warren (a corruption of * burrow '). 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 40 

BE SHERP. — Be quick and careful. In giving orders to an 
inferior, who is lazy or negligent, the order often 
terminates with, ** An be sherp about ut." 

BEST.— To get the advantage of. 

" A tried to best I but I was too sherp vor'n ; " also " bested " is used. 

BEST VOOT VORRUp.— To put ones ** best voot vorrud " is 
to walk at a very quick pace. 

BET AS T*OOLL.— Be it as it will ; in any case. 

*' BeH as t'ooll I be a-gwaayn to zell them ship to-daay " (be it as it 
will I am going to sell those sheep to-day). 

BETTER. — " To better *' one's self is the expression for getting 
higher wages. This term however seems almost universal. 

To beat. — If one player makes a high score at skittles it is 
common to remark to the player following, " Thee wun 
better that ther." 

^ETTERMWOAST.— The greater part. 

•* \^e was the beitermwoast haafe of a daay a-doin' 'ont." 

^ETTER nor.— Greater than, more than. 

•• Ut be better nor two mild vrom Yattendon to Bucklebur} ." 

BE TJS.— Arewe? 

E-TJSTINS. — The milk first drawn after a cow has given 
birth to a calf. 

^^BLE. — To tipple ; to take alcoholic drink at short intervals, 

^'C^E.— To stay. 

** I wunt bide no langer.*' 

^^Le the pot.— To cook. 

** If I dwoant ketch a rabbut to-night I shan't hev nothin' to bile the 
pot to-morrer." 

*LL hook. — A cutlass ^nth top turned inwards used for 
cutting up fire wood and lopping branches. 

*LlY cock. — The wide-awake hat commonly worn. 

*N. — The corn chest in the stable (always secured by a 
padlock). 

•• K-bin •• is the preterit of the verb " to be." 



Y^* 



60 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

BIT. — A short space of time. 

" Stop a bit, he'll zoon be yer.'* 

A little piece. 

The word bit is always used for * little * in cases as above 
referred to, 

BITEL. — The long'handled wooden mallet with top iron 
bound, used for driving wedges when splitting up large 
clumps or stumps of wood. 

" The BiUl and Wedges" obtains as a pnblic-hoose sign. 

BITTER ZWEUT.— When a spiteful thing is done with a 
sunny friendly face this term is used. 

BIVER. — The quivering of the under lip, which precedes 

crying. 

" Thee hast 'vronted *un now, zee how a biverSt** would be said to 
one who had spoken in a way to cause a child to b^n to cry. 

BIZZOM. — A bezom or birch broom. 

BLAAYRE. — To shout out anything in a coarse manner. 

BLAB.— To tell of any wrong doing ; to betray a secret. This 
word seems almost universal. 

BLACK-BOB.— A black beetle. 

BLACK VRAST.— Frost without rime. 

BLAST. — A common imprecation. *' Blast-naaytion'* is also 
so used. 

BLAWED. — Animals in the dangerous condition of having 
their stomachs distended by eating too much green or 
forcing food are said to be blawed. 

BLE-ADIN* HEART. — The name of a common bright red 
wallflower. 

BLIND MAN'S HOLIDAY. — In darkness so great that 
nothing can be seen. 

BLINK. — A spark of fire. 

** Ther yent a biiitk left " (the 6re is quite out). 

This also is u&ed to signify light enough to see a little. 
'* 1 c.;u*i zee a kJinA '* (it is quite dark). 

BLIZZY.— A blaze. The fire is said to be all of a " biizzy " 
when pieces of wood have l>cen inserted amongst the coal 
to make it bum cheerfully. 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 51 

LOOD ALLEV. — The favourite marble taw (pronounced 
tawl) used by boys. Its name arises from the streaks of 
red in it. 

BLOODY WARRIOR.— A wall-flower of rich dark red colour. 

BLOWZY.— Bloated and red-faced. 

BLUBBER. — To cry ; almost in general use, 

BLUR. — A blot causing indistinctness to anything beneath it. 

BLURT OUT.^To speak out a thing unexpectedly and 
inopportunely. 

BOB — A quick downward motion. 
""BiEbitd bobbtd'iusxas I shol.' 
A quick curtsey is also ho called. 
A Trmftcf Bab 13 often shortly called a " int." 

BOBBERY.— A fuss; a disturbance. 

BOBBISH.— Cheery and well in health. 

■■ I lie preily l>abUi!i, Ihenk 'e, how bisi ihce ?" 

BOB-CHERRY.— The game of taking the end of a cherry stalk 
between the teeth, and, holding the head perfectly level, 
trying to get the cherry Into (he month without usmg the 
hands or moving the head. 



BODY HOSS, or BODY HERSE.— The Ik 



rse of a team next 
lytliing. 



BOGGLE. — To hesitate about agreeing to a 

■■ A togfUil a goodish bit avoor 1 could gel iin lo naay eese,'* 
Also opening and shutting the eyes, as if troubled by a strong 
light, but tliis signification may appear common. 
•' The good Saint Anthony " hogglid " his eyes. 
So firmly fixed on the old bUck liook. 
When Ho. at the cnrnera they "gan to rise, ' | 

He could'nt choose hut haie a look." 



GY. — A sort of ghost. 

Chililctn are kept quiet by •■ If e 
Bflgy *ooll came." 

The reflection of sunlight from wa 
sometinies called Bugy by children 

pLT, — To rush away quickly. 

■• To holt a rabbit " is to drive 
open. Any noiso oatside a warrei 

OARD,— To foretell. 



e-upslilla, 
: wall of a 





The \o«est P»* ^^j^ («^ 




ERkSTllRB WohDS. 

BRAAYVERY.— Fine dress. 

BKAAYZEN. — Bold in its bad sense. 

" A braayui huzi:ey " is a buld immodesl ss 

. \AYZEN Oirr.— To carry a bold and innocent face afler 
i doing a wrong or dishonourable tiling. 

AN NEW. — Perhaps a corruption of " brand iieu;" it., with 
the brand not worn away. 

RASS VARDEN.— There is the expression, "Not wutli a 
bran vardcn," used with respect to anything of no vali;c 
whatever. It has been suggested to me that this expression 
may owe its origin to ihe fact that the brass tradesaien's 
farthings, so commonly issued about the middle of ihi; 
seventeenth century, became quite valueless when copper 
halfpennies were first issued in 1672. 

BRE-ATIi. — " To vetch bn-ath " is to pause ; to consider, 

] recommending cautious procedure one would say, " Lei's vetch 
... _ ,. . ._.. I, ., . ^g pause lo consider about il). 

—Bread and cheese. 
[■ ray bri«-thii3c." usually is said for, "I was ealing 
my mid-day meal." 

RESS-PLOUGHIN'.— Bwas; ploughing. This is done by 

men pushing a kind of spade from the shoulder. The 

object of it is to barn the surface of the soil, when this 

might not be effected sufficiently by the ordinary method 

I of ploughing. 

BfiEVETTIN* ABOUT.— Prying; a quick searching niove- 

Inient. 
■ " I iJQ 'OQ a brivtllin' jiuui alang the hedges up to ni 

mic 
1^ 



btf-alh a bit awi 
^^AtENXHAZE.- 

^^^^H my mid-day mes 

P^EtESS- PLO U G 1 

r men pushing 

object of it i 

I might not be 



" (warrant ye), 

ItlCK. — Applied to a good-hearled, generous fellow, who can 
be relied on ; almost universal. 

UCK-BATS,— Broken bricks. 

RiCK-KILL.— A brick kiln. 

BRIMMER.— A hat. 

bROAD-CAST.— The act of sowing seed by casta from the 
hand as distinguished from ' drilling ' it. 

BROCK.— A badger. 

BROKE N -MOUTH ED.— Having the front teeth wanting. 



54 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

BROW. — The part below the crest of a hill. 

BRUKKLE.— Brittle. 
BRUM.— A broom. 

BRUM OUT O* WINDER.— Hanging the *' hruin out o' winder " 
is a sign that the wife is away from home and that the 
husband will give hospitality to friends. 

BRUMSTWUN.— Brimstone. 
BRUSSLES.— Bristles. 

•• A got my brussUs up," means " He made me very angry." 

BUCK. — The large wash of house linen, &c., in a farm-house. 

Articles are kept for the *'buck wash,'* which cannot conveniently be 
dispcs3d of at the " dab " or small wash. 

BUCKIN*. — Extensive washing of linen. 

" I vound the house all of a caddie wi' the buckm' on." 

BUCK-JUMPER.— A horse that jumps like a stag, with the 
four feet all rising at the same time. 

BUCKLE TO. — To set to work in down-right earnest ; also to 
get married. 

BUCKLE UNDER.— To give way somewhat humbly after 
opposition ; to acknowledge superiority. 

" Knuckle under " has a somewhat similar signification. 

BUCKZOME.— JoUy, full of spirits; often followed by "like." 
" A zimmed got quite well an' buckzome like." 

BULLOCK. — A heifer is so called. 

BULLASSES. — Small sweet green plums, the size of marbles. 

BUMBLE BA. — A specie of bee that does not sting. 

BUMMIN'. — A rumbling or humming noise. 

BUMPING— Large. 

" A gid I a bumpin' lot " (he gave me a large quantity or number). 

A noise caused by thumping ; also a hard push. 

" A was a'bumpm' my yead agin the wall when I called 'e." 

BUMPTIOUS. — Swaggering, proud, assuming superiority. 

BUNCH. — A bow of ribbons ; the posy of flowers placed in a 

button hole. 

" O dear, what can the matter be 
Johnny zo long at the Vaair, 
A pramised to buy muh o' bunch of blue ribbon 
To tie up my bonnie brown haain*' 



^kRkSHIRE WORDS. 56 

BUNDLE. — To run hastily away (often after having done 
mischief.) 

" Us bundled pretty sherp I can tell 'e." 

Also to cause to start off in a great hurry. 

" I had to bundle 'um all aff avoor thaay'd done yettin*." 

BUNGERZOME.— Unwieldy, clumsy. 

*' That ther bundle o' zacks be too bungerzomc vor I to car." 

Also " A be a hunger zome zart o* chap.*' 
BUNK.— Be off! 

" You chaps 'ud best bunk avoor I maaykes 'e." 
" I zin 'am was a-gettin' quarrelzome an' zo bunked it zu as nat to 
get mixed up wi' *t." 

BUNNY. — Name for a rabbit ; children always use this tern\ 
Almost universal. 

BUNT. — To push with the head or horns. Young animals 

pushing the udder with the head to make milk flow freely 

are said to ** hunt.'* 

" Gie us a bunt up '* is the phrase used by a boy when he wishes 
another to raise him from the ground on his attempt to mount a tree. 

BUNTIN,— The wood-lark. 

« 

BUSINESS.— Fuss. 

" A maayde a gurt business about um a-taaykin' his spaayde wi'out 
axin.*' 

BUST, or BUSTED.— Burst. 

There is a rhyme common with boys, the one having anything 
to give away calling out — 

" Billy, Billy Bust, 
Who spakes vust.'* 

BUSTER. — An improbable story ; a lie ; anything very large. 

BUTTER-VINGERED.— Clumsy in handling and allowing 
things to slip from the fingers. 

BUTTRY. — The pantry or place where butter, &c., for home 
consumption is kept. 

BUTTS. — Old archery butts still give their name. 

At Reading we have the well-known part of the town called "St. 
Mary's Butts:* 

HUZZY, or BUZLY.— Rough and bushy, like a fox's brush* 



50 tJERksHiRR Words. 

BWUN. — Bone. The expression ** to bwnn,^* meaning to make 
a petty theft is almost universal. ** Bwun in my leg," good 
humouredly used to children to express inability to do 
something they ask. 

" I caant do 't vor 'e now I've a-got a bwun in my leg." 

13YM BY, or BYN BY.— By and by, presently. 



. bEtiKSHiRE Words. 57 



C 

CABBAGE. — To appropriate without permission ; to crib, but 
not applied to a serions theft. 

" I zin a lot o' apples laayin* unner a tree an* zo cabbaged this yer un.*' 

CADDLE, or CATTLE. — To hurry so as to confuse. 

" Dwoant 'e caddU me an' maayke me do 't all wrong." 
" In a caddie " is * in great contusion.' 

CADDLIN'.— Untidy, slipshod. 

" A done that ther job in a cadMin' waay." 

CADGER. — A beggar, a loafer of dishonest appearance. 
CAFE.^A calf. 
CALL. — Occasion. 

"Thee hasn't no call to spake to I like that ther." 

CALLER, or CALLOW.— Naked, to •' lie caller'' is to lie bare 
or without crop. 

" Young birds are always described as " calUr " when first hatched. 

CANKERED. — Cross grained, misanthropic. A cut or wound 
is described as ^* cankered " when it begins to present a bad 
appearance through being neglected. 

CANTANKEROUS.— Easily ruffled in temper, obstructive, 
with petty obstinacy ; almost universal. 

Cant be off. — The usual phrase to indicate impossibility 

of mistake. 

'* If *e goes athirt the vield o* vallers , e' cant be off a zeein' the haayre 
as I telled 'e about a zettin in her vorm." 

CAP.— To outdo. 

" That ther caps all " (that outdoes all that has gone before). 

CAPPENTER.— A carpenter. 
CAR.— To carry. 
CARDIN.— According. 
CARLINE.-Caroline. 



68 bERksHiRE Words. • 

CARPIN\— Fault finding. 

CARROTTY PAWLE.— A red-haired person. 

CAS'NT.— Can'st thou not? 

CASTLES. — A game at marbles where each boy makes a small 
pyramid of three as a base, and one on the top ; they aim 
at these from a distant stroke with balsers winning such of 
the castles as they may in turn knock down. 

CAT IN PAN. — One who changes sides for selfish reasons. 

In the old song, ** The Vicar of Bray," we have : — 

•• When William our Deliverer came 
To heal the nation's grievance, 
Then I turned Cat in Pan again 
And swore to him all^iance/' 

CAT OUT O' THE BAG.— Letting the ''cat out o' tJu hag " is 
the making known something that has been kept secret. 

CATS CRAAYDLE. — A game played by means of string 
across the fingers of the two hands. The players have to 
take the string from each other under different arrange- 
ments, without making any mistake. 

CATTLE. — Hurry ; confusion. Vide Caddle. 

CA-UV-IN, or CAAYVIN.— Chaff and short straw, as collected 
from a barn-floor after threshing. 

CAW, also CAWNEY. — A very stupid fellow, almost an idiot. 

CAWLD-COMFORT. — Cold words or deeds, making one's 
troubles appear greater. 

CESS TO T. — Used to encourage a dog to eat anything. 

CHAAIR, or CHEER.— A chair. 

CHAAYKE.— Chalk. 

CHAAYNGES. — Shirts and under-clothing generally. 

CHACKLIN'. — A noise made by a hen after laying an egg. 
•• I yeard 'un eL-chacftlht\ to a mus* hev a ne-ust zotne 'er yer." 

CHAFF-CUTTER. — The machine for cutting straw into short 
lengths for use as chaff. 

CHALKERS. — Boys* marbles held in the lowest estimation, 
being made of chalk or of chalk and clay mixed ; tho'^e 
next above these in value are called ** stoners.'* 



bERkSHtRE WORDS. 59 

CHAM. — To chew ; there is also in use the expression •' A 
chammed awver't a goodish bit ; " this expresses hesitation 
and unwillingness to do a thing. 

CHAP. — Any man of no great consideration ; but we say 

equally. 

"A goodish zart o' chap,*' and '* apoorish zart of a chap i"' where 
a number of men in any station of life may be banded tc^ether they 
are called chaps, the expression then running *' them (descriptive 
title) chapsr 

CHARLOCK. — The wild mustard, which grows to the detri- 
ment of corn crops. 

CHASS, or CHERLES.—Charles. 

CHATTER AT.— To scold. 

"Measter 'ooll chatter at 'e when a comes to knaw on 't." 

CHATTER-WATER.— Tea. 

CHAY, or CHAW.— To bite one's food. 

"A be got awld an' can*t chay nothun* now. 

CHERM. — A mixture of noises of various kinds. ** Clurmin 
the baze " is the act of ringing a stone against a spade or 
watering can ; this music is supposed to cause the bees to 
settle in the neighbourhood ; another object in doing this 
is to let the neighbours know who the bees belong to if they 
should chance to settle on adjacent property. 

CHEERY. — Chary, careful in a mean or stingy sense. 

CHE-UZZES, or CHAZES.— Seeds of the mallow. 

CHICK A BIDDIES. — Fowls ; but this word is principally 
used by children. 

CHICKEN'S MEAT. — The broken grains of corn used for 
feeding poultry. 

CHIDLINS, or CHITLINS.— Chitterlings. 

CHILDERN,— Children. 

CHIMBLEY. — A chimney: a chimney sweep is a ^'chimhley 
swape.'* 

CHINKIN'. — Metallic rattling noise as of a chain dragged 
over stones. 

CHIN MUSIC— Impertinence. 

*' Dwc-ant gie I none o* thee chin muuc,"' is a common retort. 



60 ^EkKSHiRE WORDS. 

CHIP IN. — To break into a conversation going on betWfeeia 
others. 

CHIPPY, also CHIRPY.— In good spirits. 

CHIT. — To sprout ; also a sharp troublesome little girl. 

CHIVVY. — To chase, shouting the while. 

CHIZZLE.— To cheat. 

CHIZZLE BOBS. — The bugs found under decaying wood or 
old bricks, &c. 

CHOCK VULL.— Full to overflowing. 

CHOICE, or CHICE. — Difficult to suit as regards food. A 
choice or pampered child is teazed by being called " Gaargie." 

CHOP. — To exchange. 

CHOPS. — The jaws. ** Cut on the estops *' means a blow on 
the lower part of the face. 

CHOUSE. — To cheat ; a dishonest action. 

CHUCK. — To toss carelessly. 

CHUCKLE YEADED.— Very stupid. 

" A chuckle yeaded vool." 

CHUMPS. — Thick pieces of wood for burning. The chump 
end of a thing is the thicker end. 

CHUNE.— Tune. 

CHUNE-UP. — •• Commence singing " or ** Sing more loudly.'* 

CHUNKS. — Split pieces of firewood of more uniform thickness 
than ** chumps." 

CHURCH-VAWK.— Those who attend the Parish Church are 
so called. Those who attend Dissenting Places of Worship 
being given the general title of MATiNERsor Chapel-goers. 

CHURLUT.— Charlotte. 

CIPE.— A large basket. 

CIRCUMBENDIBUS.— A round about route. 
CLACK. — A woman who is always chattering. 

CLAGGY.— With sticky mud. 

CLAM. — To hustle, so as to prevent movement, 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. Gl 

CLAMMED.— Chocked up by over-filling. 

If an aperture be too small for grain to run through freely it is said 
to be " clammed: '* also a surfeit from over-feeding is so called. 

CLAMBER, or CLIM.— To climb. 

" Clamber ** would be used for getting up a rock, and '* dim '* for 
climbing a tree. 

CLAMP. — To tread noisily. An arrangement of bricks piled 
for burning without a kiln is so called. 

CLAMPUTTIN*, or CLUMPUTTIN'.— Stumping about. 

CLANG. — A resounding noise, as the report of a gun. 

CLAP.— To place quickly. 

" Clap 'un down an' be aff." 
"Clap on your hat." 

Also, in cold weather, to " clap'' is to get warm by beating the arms 
across each other. 

CLAP-ON. — ^To overcharge. 

" A alius cUps-on wi' I, acause a tbinks I shall try to be-at un down 
a bit." 

CLAPPER.— The tongue. 

CLAPPER CLAWED.— Scratched by a woman. * 

CLAPPERS. — Shallows in a river. The clappers between 
Reading and Caversham are known to all upper Thames 
boating men. 

CLAPS.— To clasp. 

CLAPS-NET. — A net where the two parts close together, such 
an that used for catching sparrows at night around the 
eaves of ricks, etc. 

CLAT. — A patch of dirt or cow-dung thrown against a wall or 
door. 

CLAVER. — An instrument to chop bones of meat ; a cleaver. 

CLAY, or CLAA.— To claw. 

" To clay hawld on 'un " is to seize a thing with hands or claws. 

CLE- AN, or CLANE. — Entire, absolute, altogether. 

" A missed 'un cle-an*' (he missed it altogether), as applied to a shot. 

CLE-AN AN' HANZOME. — Has the same meaning as 
''cle-an** given above, but with stress on the ** Miss " being 
remarkable. 



62 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

CLE- AN AN' ZIMPLE.— WhoUy ; thus, if a dog gets on a table 
and eats the whole of the dinner, he is said to have *' yetted 
ut all cU'Un an' zimpU,' 

CLENTED OR CLENCHED.— Turned back upwards as in 
the case of a nail. *» 

CLICK. — Completely ; thorough. 

" A done we click " (he took us in completely). I have heard this 
word used for " select " or "out of the common way/* thus: — It was 
observed that on an occasion wh^n entertaining guests, a certain dame 
of the middle class appeared to be very affected in her manner. One- 
of her neighbours remarked afterwards, " '£ zees that ther be jus' her 
click party, an* that be how His she dos like that." That was an annual 
party to which the lady invited some guests of higher social standing 
than most of her friends and neighbours. 

CLICKUTTY-CLACK. — The noise made in walking where a 
clog or patten is loose from the shoe. 

CLIM. — Vide Clamber. To climb. 

CLIMMERS. — Climbers; «.^., iron spurs having the point pro- 
jecting from the instep, used to assist in climbing trees 
which have no branches. 

CLINK. — Straightforward. A man who is not to be depended 
upon, or who would take advantage of one in dealing is 
said to be * not quite clink.' 

Also a resounding blow. 

" I gid 'un a c.ink en the yead." 

CLINKERS.— Over burnt bricks. 

CLITTER-CLATTER.— Such a noise as made by knocking 
plates and dishes together when removing these from the 
table. 

CLIVERS.— Goose grass. 

CLO-AZ FRAP.— A pole with a fork at the top used for 
supporting clothes lines. 

CLOD HOPPERS.— Country folk are thus sometimes 
disparagingly termed by townsmen. 

CLOG. — A kind of over shoe or sandal used by women to keep 
dirt from their shoes when walking short distances. 
" Pattens" are used when the dirt is very deep. 

CLOGGY.— Dirty. 

CLOSE.— Reserved, also stingy. 



BERKSHmE WORDS. G3 

CLOSE VISTED, — Not willing to part with money for any 
charitable purpose. 

ClOT. — A clod. There is the expression ** Ut laays pretty 
clotty'* when unbroken clods lie on the surface of tilled 
land. 

CLOUT.— A blow. 

" I gid un a clout aside the yead.'* 

A piece let into a garment ; ** a dish-ciout '* is a cloth used for 
wiping dishes. 

CLOVER-LEY.— Clover field lately mown. 

CLUMPETTY. — Used as regards lumps of earth to indicate 
that they are not friable. 

^LUMPY. — Stupid. A pair of boots is said to be ^^ clumpy'' 
Vfhen clumsily made and with very thick soles. 

CLXJNG. — Heavy, stiff, adhesive (applied to the soil). 

C'LTJTTERY. — " Cluttcry weather *' is when it is raining, with 
thick clouds all around. 

C'Cf^BLE^ — To stitch coarsely. 

C'C>;^BL£S^ — Small round lumps of anything; also pebble 
stones used for paving. 

^^fiBLY. — Having lumps mixed with fine matter. 

COCKCHAFFER.— The May bug. 

^^CKEY. — Conceited, arrogant, bumptious ; also applied to 
a little man who marches about with an important air, he 
goes by the name of Cockcy^ his surname following. 

C^C>CKED.— Nearly intoxicated. 

^^CK-EYED. — Cross-eyed, squinting. 

^^CK HORSE. — Children are said to ride cock horse when 
riding cross wise as on a horse. 

COCK O' THE ROOST.— The one who is at the head of a 
party. 

COCK ZU RE.— Quite sure. 

COCK SHY. — To throw at anything after careful aim is to 
•* Taayke a cock shy,** 

CODDLE. — To pamper. 



BEHKSHIRE WORDS. 

CODGER. — A testy old man : an old man having queer habits. 

COKERS. — Stranger labourers going about on piece-work. 

COLLAR.— To make a petty theft. 

" Them apples looks zo good. 1 me-ans to tollar one," 

COLLARED-ZOUSE.—Brawn is always so called. 

COLLOP.— A rather thick slice of meat, 

COLLUTS.- Young cabbages. 

COMBE.— A hollow in the Downs. 

COME.— To achieve. 

" I can't quite fo 

or an 'inferior. 
At advent of. 

" I shall hev a-lived under (he Squi 
" In churning butter is said to ' torn 



c Laaydy Daay," 



COME BACK. — These words are imagined in the note of the 
Guinea Fowl or Gallini, and children worry these fowl to 

fet them to repeat this just as they also run after Cock 
'urkeys calling, " What d'ye hang ycr vather wi'," to get 
the reply " Holier, bolter, holter," 

COME AFF.— To happen. 

" That ther wunt never tmni uffr 



n expression used to horses. 



^H co^ 

L 



COM ETHER. —Come hither. 

•■Comilhet 'ool," or - comelhir wut," i 
To put the " amirlhrr " on a person is 

COME O' THAT.— To get the better of something not 
desirable. If a young girl carries herself awkwardly, it is 
said that she will " come o' that " as she grows older. 

COMIN'-AN. — Growing, improving, ripening, coming to 
perfection. 

'■ Our bwoys be a.-romm' an now, an' mus' loon go to schoold." 

COMIN' ROUND. — Getting into good temper again after 
anger; recovering from illness; won over to one's way of 
thinking. 

CONDITION. — This word is used to describe degree of fertility 
in land ; fatness in cattle ; capacity to do work in horses. 
Out o' cexdilioH " indicftlea an unsatisfactory state. 

CONTAAIN MEZELF.— To show no outward sign of my 
feelings. 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. G5 

CONTRAAYRY. — Cross-grained, obstructive. 

" A turned contraayry sax' 'ood'nt lend his herse, an* zo us cood'nt go." 

CONVOUND. — A form of imprecation. Both syllables are 
very long. 

" Convound that chap ! a pramised I to come an' a never did." 

CONVOUNDED. — Used as an expression of anger or 
annoyance. 
"That convounded bwoy*8 moor plaaygue nor a's wuth." 

CONVOUNDED LIKE.— Confused. It is often preceded by 
" zart o\" 

" When a tawld I as Dannul was 'listed vor a zawljer I was zart o 
convounded like, an' cood'nt zaay no moor." 

CONZAIT. — To think ; to be of opinion. 

COOB.— Coop. A hen-coop is a ** hen-coob,*' 

COOBIDDY.— The call for fowls to come to be fed. (In the 
call the first syllable is much prolonged.) 

COODNST, or COOS'NT.— Could you not ? Could not. 

" If I dwoant do't I be zure thee coos'nt.'* 

COOST.— Could you ? 

*'Coosi tell I which be the ro-ad (or rawd) to Alder, plaze?" 
(" Could you tell me which is the way to Aldworth, please ?") 

^OPSE. — A wood (not applied to a small wood only). The 
large wood named " The Park Wood," at Hampstead 
Norreys is generally called " The Copse,** whilst other woods 
near are given their distinctive names, as * Laycroft,' 
' Beech Wood/ &c. 

^ORd WOOD. — Wood split up for firewood and stacked 
ready to be sold by " the cord." 

COTCHED.— Caught. 

" Us cotch'd um at ut." (We caught him in the act.) 

COTCHEL.— Part of a sack fuU. 

COTTER ALUGG.— A bar across the chimney breast to which 
is fastened the pot-hook. 

COUCH. — Rank grass ; quitch grass. 

COUCH-HE-AP. — A heap of rank grass roots stacked in the 
field for burning. 

COUNT, or ACCOUNT.— UtUity, value, proficiency. 

" A yent much count at cricket " (he is a poor playc ;. 
F 



(10 


liriKKSHlRF. 


COURAGE-ON.- 


—To incite. 


•' A couragid-o 


Ihem dogs to n'gh 


COW-CALF.-A female calf. 


COW.LAAYDY.- 


-The lady bird 



2 



i 



COW-PIE. — A favourite dish with children, made by having a 
thin layer of paste on the bottom and sides of a pie dish 
whereon custard is poured. This is then baked. 

COW PARSLEY.— Wild parsley obtained and given as a 
favourite food to tame rabbits. 

COW STALL. — A wooden arrangement for securing a cow's 
head whilst it is being milked. 

CRAAVZY.— Dilapidated ; out of repair. 

CRAAVZY WE-UD.— The plant crow's-foot, .to called because 
it spreads about so wildlj-. 

CRACK.— A sharp blow. 

■■ I gid 'un a crack a lop o' ihe yead." 
■' To crack up " is lo ex(ol. 

CRACKLIN'.— The scotched skin of roast pork; this is also 
sometimes called the " scrump." 

CRACKY. — Peciiliar ; not quite right in one's mind. 

CRANKS. — Aches and slight ailments. A person is said to be 
full of " crinks and cranks " when generally complaining of 
ill health. 

CKAN KV. — Out of health ; for machinery out of gear ; for a 
structure, in bad repair, likely to give way. 
Also sometimes used to mean out of temper. 
CRAP. -Crop. 
CRASS.— Obstinate, contrary. 

CRASS-GRAAINED.— Opposing from obstinacy or utA 
temper. 

CRASS-PATCH.— The name a child calls another that is out 
of temper to teaze him. 

CRAW. — The crop of a bird ; the maw or receptacle for food. 

CREAMY VAAYCED, or CRAMY-VEUSED.— Having no 
roses in the cheeks — white faced. 



Dl;ItKKKlRl^ wonns. 07 

CRE-LP-MOUSE. or CRAPE-MOUSE. -A game pUj-ed 
wib little childiea, tickling them to make tliem laugh. 

*-Rl B BITER.— A horse given to the vice of biting away his 

manger; almost universal term. 

^RlCK. — A sharp noise. I have heard this term used of the 
noise made in the knee joint when one is kneeling down. 
A "crick in the neck " is a temporary stifTnefs in the neck, 
' or inabiHty to move the head freely. 

^RlMMANY,— An exclamation i good-humoured) of surprise. 

^I^INKLE.— To crease; to rmiiple. 

^RlNKLV.— With marks as having heen crumpled. 

^HlNKS.^See Cranks. 

^^^ ISP.^Pork crackling. See also Scrimp. 

^^^^RlTTENS. — The crilUm are small pieces of lean meat 
^^^V strained from lard when it is melted ; these are chopped 
^^^r ^[>e and mixed together with sugar and spice, then flour is 
\ added and the whole made into a pudding. 

^ I*. OAK.— To give out the worst v 
this is called " a crmktr." 

^I%OCK 



of tilings; one who does 
.\n earthenware pot as distinguished from an iron 
To bend. 



^l^OOK. or CRUCK 

•■ Crook yerback<Q'iImed gel iw topand becarr'dawver ihebruck," 

^^tOWNER.— Coroner. 
^I^UMBLES.— Crumbs. 

^RUMMY.— Short and fat, or squatty; also a term applied to 
one who has money saved up. 

'^Rl'NCH. — To break between the teeth, also to press to 
pieces with a breaking noise, thus one would say of a snail 

"' Crmifi *un »i' ihee boot " 

CRUSTY. —Surly, snappish. 

CL'BBY HAWLE.— A cave or recess of any kind wliercin 

children may creep to hide when at play, 
CL'CKOO VLOWEK.— The wild Lychnis ftoscnii, so called 

because it blooms at the time the cuckoo comes. 
LCKOO'S MAAYTE.— Cuckoo's mate. The male cuckov., 



08 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

CUDDLE. — To hold with one's arms closely around. 

CULLS. — Sheep picked out from a flock on account of not 
a^ieeing with the others in appearance. 

CUPBOARD LOVE.— Such love as children have for those 
who give them sweetmeats, cakes, etc. 

CUP-CUP-CUP. — The call to a horse when in a meadow. 

CUPS. — The bottom part or holder of the acorn. 

CURVEW BELL.— This is not quite obsolete. At Blewbury 
it has been the custom for this to be rung regularly between 
Michaelmas and Lady Day, and many a time those who 
have been lost on the adjacent downs-have hailed the sound 
of this bell. 

CUSSEDNESS. — Obstinacy, wickedness. 

CUSTOMER. — Always applied to a person in a disparaging or 
invidious sense, as **a shaaydy customer ,'' *^a sly customer,*' &c, 

CUT.— A blow. 

*' I took 'un a good cut \\V a stick." 

It has several combinations, as **cnt awaay," "run away;'* '* cut 
up," " much distressed." 

• 

CUTE.— With capacity for learning ; having ability. 



b£RkSHIRE WORDS. 00 



D 

DAAK. — Filthy, covered with dirt ; slimy. 

pAAYME. — Dame. An old-fashioned farmer thus usually 
styles his wife when calling to her, or speaking to her ; he 
rarely uses her christian name. Also in a more humble 
position an elderly woman has her surname preceded by 
this title. 

DAAYZIES, or DE-UZIES.— Daisies. 

DAB. — A small insignificant wash, not including the house 
linen set aside for the •• buck-wash." A blow. ' 
" I catched 'un a dab in the vaayce." 

A detached piece of anything. 

" Our good Quane Bess, she maayde a pudden, 
An' stufled 'un vull o' plumes, 
An' in she put gurt ' dabs ' o' vat 
As big as my two thumbs." 

DABB'D.— Blotted over with stains. 

DABBY. — Flabby ; also anything containing small portions of 
a foreign substance is said to be ** dabby '* with the strange 
matter. 

*• This yer pudden be dabby wi' zuet." 

DAB-CHICK.— The water hen. 

DABSTER. — One who excels greatly. 

Thus a man is said to be a " dabster " at back-swording or skittles. 

DADDACKY.— Decayed or rotten. 

•• The bern doors be • daddacky ' an' wunt stan' mendin '." 

DADDY-LONG LEGS. — The common local nickname for a 
boy with long legs ; the insect which so easily leaves one 
of its long legs behind it being well known by this name. 

DADS AWN BWOY. — A son having his father's peculiarities, 
• •* A chip of the old block." 

DAFFIDOWNDILLY.— The Daffodil. 

DAFT.— Stupid, slow of comprehension. 



70 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

DAIN. — Tainted, putrid, bad smelling. 
DALL. — The smallest pig in a litter. 

"Dall 'um " is a mild form of imprecation; thus on a lady sayi 
" How pretty the Poppies look amongst the com," the reply w3^ 
•• Purty De um dall um." 

DALLED. — A swearing expression. 

DALLERS.— A fit of melancholy. 

DALLY. — A swearing expression. 

DAMPER. — A saddening circumstance. 

DANCE. — The expression " led I a irtwr^," means, gave ni^ 
much trouble. (Almost universal.) 

DANDER UP.— Temper raised. 

" A got my dander up^ an' I was *bliged to gie 'un a cut.'* 

DANDLE. — To move a baby up and down in the arms. 

DANG 'UN. — A swearing expression. 

DANK.— Unhealthy. 

DANNUL.— Daniel. 

DASH UT.— An imprecation. 

DAWDLE. — A woman who idles over her household work. 

DAYL. — Deal ; much. 

" Us had a dayl o' trouble last vail." 

DE-AD.— There are many expressions to signify quite dead\ 
those mostly used of animals are ** de-ad as a nit," •• dc-ad as 
a door-naail,*' &c. 

DEAD ALIVE. — Sluggish, sleep> looking. 

DEAD AN' GONE. — An expression sadly used of one who 
has died. 

DEAD AS DITCH WATER.— Is said of beer that is flat to 
the taste. 

DEAD RIPE.— Used with regard to fruit perfectly ripe. 

DE-AN. — The common name for a field with rising ground on 
each side of it, but I have not known a case where more 
than one field in a parish is so called. 

DEDDENST.— Did you not ? 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 7l 

DEDST, or DIDST*— Did you ? 

DEEDILY.— Earnestly, intently. 

" A looked at I maain deedily as though a had eummit to £aay.'' 

DEEDY.— Industrious. 

" Us was diedy at ut all daay." 

DELVE.— To dig (but nearly obsolete). 

DEMIREP. — A word applied to a woman for whom contempt 
is felt. 

BERLIN*. — The smallest pig in a litter. The same as " Dall.*' 

^ERN.— An imprecation. 

^ESPERD. — Very great, desperate. 
'* A zimmed in a dtspetd hurry." 

^^W-BIT. — A small meal that perhaps could equally well be 
done without. 

i^EWSIERS. — The gristle of valves adjoining a pig*s heart. 

*BBLE. — A gardener's implement. To hole for planting 
seeds ; also to fish by dropping the bait on the surface of 
the water, and then alternately lifting it and letting it fall. 

^*BS. — A game played with the small knuckle bones taken 
from legs of mutton ; these bones are themselves called 
dihs. 

^^CKY. — "Upon my dicky '^ is a phrase sometimes used in 
support of an assertion. 

DlCKY-BIRDS.— Children's phrase for all wild birds. 

Diddle, — To cheat ; to play a trick ; to out-wit, 

DIDDLED.— Out-witted. 

DIDNT OUGHT.— Ought not. 

" A dtdiCt ought to tawk like that ther' avoor the childem." 
DIFFICULTER.— Comparative of difficult. 

" This yer be difficuUer to maayke than what that ther' be." 

DILL, or DILLY. The call for ducks, either word is repeated 

about four times in the call. 

'* Pray what have you for supper, Mrs. Bond ? 
Ge-U8 in the larder an* ducks in the pond. 
DiUy, diUy, dilly, dilly, come an* be killed. 
Passengers around us an' thaay must be viPed.'* 



72 h'^tLKSHlRE WCFRDS. 

IM i/LONS. — Earth heaps to mark boundaries on the Downs. 
|)INO,- To impress repeatedly. 

'* A ding^ ut into I zo as I was glad to get awaay/' 

I)ING DONG. — Men who in fighting hit hard and do not 
trouble to guard are said to go at it *' ding dong,"' 

DINGICV 0* G " soft).-Coated with dirt. 

D1NG1N\ — A noise in the ears. 

DIP, alao DE-UP, or DAPE. — Deep, crafty, cunning. 

DISH. -To cheat, to acquire by sharp practice. 
" A iiUhtd I out o' all the money as I had.*' 

DISH O* TAY, — Very commonly used for "cup of tea.*' 

" I inus' a\ my awld dooman to gie I a di$h o' tay avoor I do's any 
moor \N\>rk/' 

DISHWASHER.— The Water Wag-tail so called from being 
. always busy in the road side puddles. 

DISKEMIMBER.— To l>e unable to call to mind. 

'* I dUrtmimbff now asackly what a zaid." 

DOCn\ Intelligent* 

DV>CK. -*ro cut unythiag short. 

D^vK' 1\>K. -To aaulterate an>-thing. 

IWI\>K S STIFF.- Medicine. 

l\>t'K. '' A ^vkhI lM~4f'* is an animal that thrives well and 
k\v^>N ut ^vxxl cv>odition even when not well fed. "A bad 
it' ** i;:iL the teviwr^je* 

IW» IKv^XS -l t^i^jLht uroas oa each side of an open fire- 
^4<^svN >kt^h jk Nur Uid JLCCOss them, whereon may rest 
vhua^^vi oi wvvd ia $ucch way that the air gets fireely under- 
'»v\U^ ;\^ ^K\i the tire. 

l\\*x Iivsicv \H Ii^hclv £k$t!etujxg split parts of timber 
vv^vvK^ vv^ ^v^vxmc th«» ^^^y^''^ apart when wedges are 
vh«\vH» uuMVvi ^vtt|jL ^^ ^tT Dti^also serre to increase 

l.\^ \N - > vs^wviii^ ^ Jit iTMCtbiii; ^aciGfaer; vimgtimes of a 



Berkshire words. 7B 

DOLE.— To entice ; •* ToU " is also used in the same sense. 

DOLLOP. — A large lump of anything. Vide Wallop. 

DOLLY.— A binding of rag around a hurt finger. 

DONE.— Out- witted ; " done up " means tired out. 

DOOMAN. — " Ooman*' (woman) is thus pronounced only when 
preceded by ** awld.", 

DOUBLE TONGUED.— Showing duplicity in speech. 
DOUBT.— To foretell ; to expect. 

" I doubt the craps 'ooU be but thin athout us gets zome wet zoon." 
Do UP.— To tie or fasten up. 
DQUSH.— To throw water over. 

'• A doushed \vater awver her to bring her to." 

L>0UT. — To extinguish a candle or a fire. 

^OWdY. — A shabbily-dressed woman, or one wearing a dress 
Out of fashion. 

^OWn.— Dejected. 

" A looked down in the mouth '' is a common expression. 

^WN-ARG. — To contradict in such a down-right way, and 
So lay down the law, that the person opposing can say 
nothing farther. 

^ vVN-STRIT. — The opposite direction in the main road 
through a village from Up-Strit. 

^^WN-VALL.— A fall of rain, hail, or snow. 

^WSE. — To immerse in water ; also a blow. 

*' I gid un a dowse on the vaayce." 

^\VSIN'. — A ducking or immersion in water. 

*^A.BBUT. — A swearing expression. 

^AG. — A large kind of harrow. 

*^AGGLED. — With the lower part of the dress wet and 
muddy. 

*^RAGGLE TAAIL. — An untidy dirty woman. 

^RAP into.— To beat, to assault. 

" If 'e zes any moor I'll drap into *e wi' this yer stick." 



71 &EB£SHIS£ in>II>S. 

tjUAl" if DKISK^To have had ^dnp^'dwrnk means to be 
partly tntoxjcated. 

" 1 xanney had had a ^Idi^ «' dnmJt mktm I daw that ther.** 



i;kAT^" A cofnmon imprecation. 

1>KATTLE. — A swearing expresdon ; also to throttle. 

" iJrattU hit neck ; a pretty nigh irnld^i I." 

1;1<AY, or DKAA, or DRAW.— A squirrels nest. 

" To dray *' a cover is to turn in the boands and work them through 
to try to nnd a fox. 

UKliCKLY MINUT.— Immediately; on the instant. 

" Oie I that ther knife </rrrA/y mf mi/, else I'll muchabout drap into 'e." 

DKICIC.- Three. 
DKKS 11. --To thrash. 

DKICSS. -A butcher ** dresses*' the carcase of an animal when 
he roniovcH skin and offal and prepares it for sale. Land is 
*• Um-iirtssed" with manure, when this is allowed to lie on the 
Muriiicc. 

hU lew. —Sleepy, inactive. 

hUIPPIN\--Uocf dtip/^in' is much used on bread instead of 

hUirPlN' Wl';i\. The usual expression when one is 
ih^M^m^hly wrl fix)m rain is, '• I be got drippiiC, wet." 

OKM / 1 W K^ini)\|3: in x^ery small drops. 

»>KO \\\ rh«^ihrx>iiu 

1 > K'\ >\ > \'N . I ,vx\kiiv;t dowiKast. 

<M^\>\\ . fxN thuHw nVAWiv^;: preterite Dkowed. 
^^^\x^\\^^^^^^ KVV. v>nc ^valxd with nda is said to look 



BERKSHIRE WORBS. 75 

DUBBY.--Thick, blunt at the end. 

An uousually chubby-faced boy is generally nick-named ** Dubby " by 
other boys. 

DUBERSOM E.— Doubtful. 

DUCK.— To lower the head to avoid a blow ; to immerse 
another in water. 

DUCKIN'.— A wetting, whether from rain or immersion. 

DLXKS AND DRAKES.— The jumping out of water of a flat 
stone when thrown nearly horizontally. 

JUDDERED.— Stupefied. 

DUMVOUNDERED. — Surprised or perplexed, so as to be 
unable to speak. 

DUMBLEDORE.— The humble bee. 

^UMMLE. — In animals, sluggish ; in corn or hay, damp ; in 
persons slow of comprehension, stupid. 

^UMMY-NETTLE, or DUNNY-NETTLE.- A nettle which 
does not sting. 

^U MPS.— Low spirits. 

^UJIPY. — A short person is called a dumpy ; also anything with 
a blunted point is said to be dumpy. 

^^^KCH.— Deaf. 

^^ NCH PASSAGE.---A cul dc sac ; the term "blind passage" 
is sometimes used in this sense. 

vJnnY. — Deaf, not sharp. See Dummy-nettle or Dunny- 

NETTLE. 

^XJNT.— Did it. 

" It wan*t I as dua^t I tell 'e " (It was not I who did it I tell you). 

^XJST.— Fuss. 

" Dwo-ant *e maayke zucli a dust about ut." 

lieady money. 

" Down wi* yer dust if 'e wants to buy "un." 

To ^^dust your jacket** is to wJiip you. 
JUSTIN'.— A whipping. 



70 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

i;i;ST MAN.— Sleep. When a child, near bed time, looks 
very sleepy it is told the •* dust nian " is coming. 

DUTCH. — Any speech not comprehended is said to be ^'Dittch.'' 

DWO-ANT, or DWUNT.— Don't. 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. H 



E 

'E.— Thou, thee, yoo. 

** If V wnni go in gie V fiipfwrr " (if joa von*t go I will give yoa 

sixpence). 

EARTH-STOPPIN', or YARTH STOPPIN'.— Stopping up 
foxes holes before the hounds come to hunt, so that 
foxes may not run to giouncL 

EAST DUMPLINS. — Plain dumplings of boiled dough, cut 
open and eaten with sugar and butter. 

EDDERD.— Edward. 

EDGE-WISE. — ^The expression, " I coodn't get a word in 
edgewise" is used when others have monopolized the 
conversation. 

EEN-AMWOAST.— Almost, nearly. 

" I fen-u^msEwut kirtched a young rabbat, bot a slipped into a hawle." 

EESE,or E-US and ISS.— Yes. 

EFFLT.— An eft or neWt. 

EGG-HOT. — A hot drink taken before going to bed to cure a 
cold, it is made of beer, eggs, sugar and nutmeg. 

EGG ON. — To incite ; to urge on. 

" A eggi 'on om to vigbt a good bit avoor a 'ood." 

^KKERN, or AAYKERX.— An acorn. 

'^LBaW grace. — Energetic work with hands and arms. 

" Thee most pot in a bit moor elbau: grace when 'e rubs down yer 

bosses." 

'^LBaWS. — The expression " out at elhaws ** is used with 
respect to one who has become poorly off. 

^LDERN. — Made of elder wood ; such things are very 
common amongst boys on account of the convenient hollow 
left by the removal of the pith. 

^LLOOK.— Look here ! 



7* 

HLLRAAYKE.— The large sized lake used for raking hay left 
behind where **cocI^'' have been '* pitched" into the 
waggon. 

BI.LUM^The elm tree. 

KLLUMS. — Straw made ready for thatching. 

ELNOR,— Eleanor. 

EMMUT.— The ant. 

EMMUrS.HILL, or EMMUT-HUMP.— The ant's nest. 

KMTT, or ENT.-^To empty. 

ICNTIN.— Emptying. 

•' Two on '0 bo to go eHtin dung^rart." 

1CURIVVIG.— Anear-wig. 
ICHZELL.— Herself. 

•• Shfl mad do't erxeU, vor I wunt.*' 

V/l\ nUo YET.— Eat. 

" A' wunt et nothin*.*' (He won't eat anything.) 

ICTIIKK. — The brushwood interwoven in 'forming a hedge. 

Tho couplet is commonly quoted, 

** lUdern staayke an' blackthorn etlur, 
Maaykes a hedge vor years together.'* 

Kll I N» or YKTTIN.— i:ating. We have also in the preterit 
" /^W;* or «» \^tMr 

\<\\<\<. K\w\\\\\o\\W used in the sense of "at all," thus, " Hev 
'o $\\\ /wr A rabbut to^daay :?** (have you seen a rabbit at alt 

VU\ *^ AA <>\tn \ cAu " is used for ' as I possibly can.' 

V A i »nM ASriN IA\ Continually, 

^Kt^ v\«Ax m-v*N,« » ,>, a yanpa* ai urn aa* ao at last a run awaay vro« 



F 

VV i'v ->\- «r4^ «,a^- n. ^ ^.^^ m^ikUi, 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 70 



G 

GAA.— Used to children to indicate that a thing is nasty or 
not to be touched ; (common.) 

GAAM.— To besmear. 

GAAMY, or GAAMED, — Besmeared with wet or sticky 
matter. 

" He*d a«bin at the cupboard, vor his vaayce ^%as all gaawy wi* jam." 

GAARGE, or GERGE.— George. 

GAAY.— -In good health ; brisk. 

*' I be a-veelin' quite gaay this marnin', thenk 'e." 

GAAYBY. — A stupid-looking person, usually applied to one in 
the habit of keeping the mouth open. 

^AAYPES. — The most fatal disease in chicken. 

GAB.^Talk. 

The phrase, " Stop thee gab" is used for ** hold your tongue.*' 
" shut up/' 

^ABBARD. — Large and old, as applied to buildings; also, 
out of repair. 

^^BBERN.— Comfortless. 

^BBLE. — ^To speak so hastily and indistinctly so as not to 
be understood. 

A nurse would say to a child, " Dwoant 'e gabbU yer praayers zo, 
else um wunt do *e no good." 

^A^Dj^BOUT. — One who goes from one to another gossiping, 
the opposite of a " staay-at-whoam." 

^LL. — To make sore by rubbing. 

*' I mns* get a new zaddle, that there un alius galls muh.*' 

^ ** gall " is a sore caused by rubbitig. 
*^ALUNI.— The Guinea fowl. 



82 UliRKSHIRE WORDS. 

GO KERT.— A child's cart. 
GONV. — A very stupid person. 

GOOD. — This word has various significations. 

" Oie us a good helpin' o' pudden," i.e., a large helping. 
'* VoT good" means "finally." not to return, and in this sense the 
phrase is often extended to " vot good an' all." 

GOOD DOER. — An animal that shows well by its condition 
the benefit of the food given. The reverse of a Bad Doer. 

GOODISH. -Rather large. 

GOOD *UN. — An improbable story. When such is told the 
observation, ** that be a good 'un ** is common. 

•' To run a good 'un is to run very quickly." 

GOOD VEW. — A considerable number. 

GO ON AT. — To administer a prolonged and irritating 
scolding. One who has been scolded greatly for having 
done work improperly may retort, 

" If 'e goes on at I any moor 'e med do the job yerzelf, vor I wunt." 

GOOSEBERRY. — The devil is called '* Awld Gooseberry:' 
There is also the phrase " Plaayin' up awld Gooseberry " to 
indicate wild pranks. Common. 

GOOSEGOGS. — Gooseberries. 

GORE. — Level low-lying land. Most parishes have a field 
called the •* Gore,'* this being, perhaps, even more common 
than such well-known names as the Dean, the Litten, the 
Piddle, or the Slad. 

GOWGE. — Gauge, measure. 

** I took gowg4 on 'in when I vust zin 'in an' knawed as a was a bad 
lot." 

GOWND. — A gown or frock. 

GO ZO VUR.— Go so far ; last so long. 

•• That chaze wunt go so vur if *e lets the childern two ast ut." 

GRAAINS. — The forks of a prong, thus: a dung p:ong is a 
three-graaifted prong. 

Malt after all the goodness is extracted in brewing. 
GRABi — To seize quickly. 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 88 

GRABBLE. — Is perhaps best explained by a phrase ** I 
drowed the apples among the bwoys an* let um' grabble vor 
urn;" thus grabhh partakes of the two words "grab " and 
"scramble." 

GRACE. — " Grease/' and also " grass " are so pronounced. 

GRAMMER. — Grandmother, always preceded by " awld." 

GRAMNAERED.— Begrimed with dirt. 

GRAMVER, or GRENVER.— Grandfather, always preceded 
by " awld.'* 

GRAW.— To produce. 

*' That ther land wiint grow be-ans.'* 

To cultivate successfully. 

" 'Tyent no good tryin* to graw turmuts yer.'* 
GRAWIN' WEATHER.— Alternate showers and sunshine. 

"Ym&gratvin* weather zur." 

GRE-A-ZY, or GRACEY. — Slippery. The roads are said to be 
gft-a-zy when there is a slight surface thaw after a hard 
frost. 

GRE-UN HORN, or GRANE HORN.— A youth who is very 
easily imposed on. 

GRIB.—A.n unexpected bite, as when a horse slinks his ears 
and gives one a pinch. 

GRIDDLE. — To broil a piece of meat on a grid-iron. 

^RINE.— Groin. 

GRINSTWUN.-Grindstone. 

PRINTED. — Dirt pressed into anything is said to be ^' grinned** 
in. 

^RlP. — To bind sheaves of corn, also a handful of corn in 
stalk held to assist in the action of reaping. 

GRIPE._A smaU open ditch. 

GRIPES.— Pains in the stomach. 

GRISKIN. — The lean part of the loin of a pi^% 



8i BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

GRIST. — Corn brought to the mill for grinding. 

Sometimes capital or means ; if a man is not able, from want 
of these, to work a farm properly, the expression is common, 
** A wants a bit moor grist to the mill." 

GRISTY.— Gritty. 

GRIT. — Good courage ; reliable. 

•• A be a man o' the true^nV," /.^., sound and reliable in every way. 

GRIZZLE. — To grumble. 

GROUND ASH. — A straight ash stick, usually about the size 
of one's finger, cut from underwood ; it is very tough and 
pliant, and much selected for purposes of castigation. 

GROUTS. — Sediment left at bottom of a cask of beer or some 
other liquors. 

GRUB. — A dirty little child is called ** a young gruhJ" 

GRUBBY. — Dirty, as regards the person. 

GRUMPY. — Surly, complaining, fault-finding. 

GRUNSEL. — The raised door sill. 

" This little peg went to market. 
An' this little peg staayed at whoam ; 
This little peg had zome ro-ast me-at, 
An' this little peg had none. 
This little peg went * week, week, week, week, 
1 can't get awver the grunsel.' " 

A line of the above is quoted on pinching each of the toes on 
a child's foot, beginning with the ** big toe,'* 

GUGGLIN'. — The gargling noise which liquor may make in 
the throat. 

GULED. — Amazed, bewildered. 

" The noise thaay childern maadc quite gulcd muh.*' 

GULP. — To drink rapidly or greedily. 

" A gulped ut all down wi'out vetchin* brc-ath. 

GUMPTION. — Energy, activity, and resource in one*s work. 
Common sense. 

GURT, or GRET, or GIRT.— Great. 

GURT-KWUT.— A great coat. 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 85 

GURTS.— Saddle girths. 

GUTTER. — When melted grease forms in the top of a candle, 
and at length overflows down one side, the candle is said 
to " gutter:' 

GUZZLE. — The hole for slops outside cottages. 
To drink. 

GUZZLER. — One who is constantly drinking alcoholic liquors. 



^6 PBI^KSHIRH WORDS. 



H 

HA, or HEV, or HEY.— Have. 

'* I wunt ha [or hev, or hey] nothin* to do wi't." 

HAAIN. — To abstain from, or hold off from. 

" Us 'ool haain affvrom taaykin' any notice on't vor a daay or two, 
praps a wunt do't no moor." 

HAAK.— A hawk. 

HAAM, or HAULM, — Stubble or straw of vetches, peas, or 
beans. 

The " Haam *' rick in the Vale of Berks, is of bean or wheat straV, 
and there they do not usually speak of a " vetch haam rick ** as in the 
hill part of the county. 

HAAYNIN. — The removal of cattle from pasture land to allow 
the crop of Hay to commence growing. 

In the case of " Hobbs versus The Corporation of Newbury," as 
reported in the ** Newbury Weekly News*' of February i6th, 1888, 
Mr. Walter Money, F.S.A., explained that the word " Hayned " is an 
old English term signifying to lay in ground for hay by taking the 
cattle off, &c., and is repeatedly made use of in that sense in the 
records of the Court Baron. With reference to the above-named case, 
there was also read a presentment of the jury to the Court Leet of 
1830 as follows : — " We present that no owner or occupier of land in 
Northcroft has a right to hitch, enclose, or feed any of the lands there 
from the usual time of hayning to the customary time of breaking. 
And if any cattle be found in Northcroft contrary to the usual custom, 
we order the hay warden to impound them." 

HAAYSTY PUDDEN.— A pudding of boiled dough ; sugar 
and butter, or else treacle, being usually added when eating. 

HACK. — To fag or reap vetches, peas, or beans. 

HACKER. — To be unable to speak properly from confusion 
or fear. One is said to ^^ hacker and stammer" when 
answering disjointedly on account of having no excuse or 
explanation forthcoming. 

HACKIN*. — Hardsounding. "A hackin* cough** is a frequent 
cough often accompanying consumption. 



BERKSHIRE WORDS, 87 

HACKLE. — To conspire ; a conspiracy. Labourers are said to 
be '* all of a hackle " when making agreement together to 
get higher wages or shorter time for work. 

The straw covering over a bee-hive. 

HAFE-A-T\VO. — Cracked or cut so as to be in danger of 
breaking. 

" The led o' the box be hafe-atwo an' wunt stan' no mendin'. 

HAFT. — The handle of an axe. 

HAGGAS. — The fruit of the Hawthorn. 

HAGGED. — Worn out ; looking thin faced (a corruption of 
" Haggard"). 

HAGGLE. — To chaffer in dealing. Sometimes also it is used 
in the sense of * to hesitate in reply.* 

"A haggled a good bit avoor a'd tell I wher a*d a-bin " (he hesitated 
a good deal before he'd tell me where he had been). 

HAINT, or HEV'NT.— Have not. " We haint got nam '' (we 
have not got one). 

HAMES, or HAAYMES. — The wooden portions of cart-horses' 
collars to which are joined the traces. 

Hammer. — The expression •* dead as a hammer ** is very 
common. 

" I chucked my stick at that ther rat an* killed un as ' dead as a 
hammer* " 

Hampered. — a lock is said to be hampered when out of 
repair so that the key cannot work it. 

Handle. — To use dexterously. 

" I can't handle a gun no zense " means " I cannot shoot well.*' 

HANDLIN'. — In love making, where the swain may not have 
flow of language, he may sometimes attempt to put his 
arm round the girls waist; this is called •* handlin' on her " 
and would probably be met by the command to " Adoiie 
now," or a more decided ** Gie out ! '* 

Handy. — conveniently near. ** A little me-ad lez handy to 
the house " (a little meadow is conveniently near the house). 

Also intelligent in work. 

" He be a handy zart o' chap." 

H ANGER-ON. — A person who waits about others better off 
than himself for such benefits as he may get. Common. 



88 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

HANGIN*. — ^The rounded slope or over-hanging part of a hill. 

" £'11 vind moor partridges on the hangin* yander 'n anywher." 

HANGLE. — An iron hook over the fire to suspend pots from. 

HANGY. — Sticky, as regards soil. See Clung. 

HANG UP HIS HAT.— The usual meaning of this is that one 
is an accepted suitor, but it also sometimes is used to 
denote that one is very intimate and is granted freedom of 
the house. 

HANKERCHER.— A pocket-handkerchief. 
HANKERIN*.— Longing. 

HAPS.—A hasp. 

To hasp or fasten by hitching a thing around or over another. 

The withy tie used to secure hurdles to ** vawle staaykes " 
or to each other. 

HARD OTERRIN.— Deaf (hard of hearing). 

HARL. — To entangle, an entanglement. 

" If 'e dwoant mind thee 'ooll get that string in a /mW." 

HARNESS TACK. — A swinging cross tree placed in a stable 
for harness to be hung upon. 

HARPIN. — Continually speaking about some distasteful matter. 

HARVESTERS. — Harvest bugs, prevalent just before harvest 
time. 

HARVEST WHOAM.— The festival which winds up harvest 
work. (An account of this is given in the Prefatory 
Notes). 

HAT. — A small ring of trees, but usually called a Volly when 
in a conspicuous position, as on a hill. 

H A*T, also HEV UT.— Have it, allow it, believe it. ** I tawld 
*un I zin 't myzelf, but a ood'nt ha't (I told him I saw it 
myself, but he wouldn't believe it). 

HATCH. — An opening which may be closed by a wooden slide 
or door, used for passing articles through by hand. 

HATCH GATE.— A gate at the junction of Parishes or 
Manors. The hatch-gate of Hampstead Norreys is where the 
Manors of Hampstead Norreys, Eling, and Bothampstead 
meet. 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 89 

HAW.— A dwelling enclosed by woods. 

HAWLD HARD. — Stop ! There is a game commonly played 
about Christmas time where a number hold a piece of a 
handkerchief. One then moves his hand round the 
handkerchief, saying, ** Here we go round by the rule of 
Contrairy. When I say ** hawld hard" ** let go," and when 
I say "let go," " hawld hard;** forfeits are paid by those not 
complying with the above order, which is said suddenly 
and in a loud tone so as to confuse the players. 

HAWLE.— A hole. 

HAWLT.— Hold. " I can't get hawlt on 'in " (I can't get hold 
of him). 

HAWS. — The same as Haggas. 

HAZZICK. — A wood usually of Scotch firs with much coarse 
rank grass. There is a " hazzick *' on the Little Hungerford 
estate, Hampstead Norreys. 

HEAD.~The face. 
HEAL. — To cover. 
HEART ZICK.— Sadly out of spirits through trouble. 

HECCATS. — A short dry wearing cough. 

HECCATTY.— One having the " hcccaisr 

HEDGE-POKER.— A hedge sparrow. The name ** hedge-poker " 
may have been g^ven because the bird pokes about a hedge 
and will fly no distance away. 

HEDGIN*. — A common sport, where boys go on either side of a 
hedge when the leaves have fallen, wiih long light poles. 
On seeing any bird fly into the hedge a-head, one gives the 
word, and both beat the hedge from opposite sides ; the 
bird gets too confused to fly out and is generally killed by 
branches knocked against it ; ten or twelve birds are often 
killed in an afternoon's ** hedgin,'' 

HEFT. — To try the weight of a thing by lifting it. A woman 
selling a turkey will say " heft 'un," i.e., *' Lift it to sec how 
much it weighs." 

HEN-US. — A house fitted round with rows of compartments 
for hens to lay eggs in, and with perches for them to roost 
upon. 



90 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

HEPPERN. — An apron. At old-fashioned village schools the 
usual punishment for a child was to be pinned to the 
** heppern *' of the schoolmistress ; when in this position a 
** thimble-pie" would be the punishment for levity or 
further misconduct. 

HERN.— Hers. 

HERRIOTT.— A fine, payable by a tenant of a leasehold 
property on succession at death of previous holder. As an 
example, in an indenture, dated 23rd December, 1743, 
between Mr. Joseph Lowsley and Mr. Thomas Horde lands 
were leased for 99 years or three lives on payment of 

" One fatt capon at Christmas and Hcrrioit upon decease of each 
life." 

HEV AT. — To encounter, to undertake earnestly. 

" I me-ans to hev at killin* down thaay rabbuts avoor long 'um be 
a-yettin all the young kern." 

HEY. — Have. See also Ha, or Hev. 

HIDE. — To whip, to beat. 

HIDIN*. — A flogging ; a beating. 

HIGGLE. — To demur, to repeatedly raise objections. 
To chaffer. 

HIGH JINKS. — Vagaries, merry doings. 

HIGHTY-TIGHTY. — Conceitedly proud, stuck up ; also easily 
taking offence, huffy. 

HIKE. — " Move off ! *' Always used peremptorily. 

" What be you bwoys at ther, hike aff that ther ladder an' be aflf." 

HINDER.— To prevent. 

" I me-ans to do't, an' who be a-gwaain to hinder muh.'* 

HIPS. — The seed pods of the dog rose. Children thread these 
together to form necklaces and bracelets. 

HIST-UP.— ("/" pronounced as in '* high.") A command 
given to a horse to lift up a foot for inspection ; also 
shouted to a horse when it stumbles. 

HIS-ZELF.— Himself. " A wunt go by his-zelf' (he won't go 
alone). 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 01 

HIS-ZEN.— His. 

HITCH, — To fasten loosely. 

" Hitch yer herse to the gaayte po-ast an' come an' help I get this 
nitch o' straa upon my back." 

HIT. — Cast, throw. 

'* Hit it away, tent vit to yet '* (throw it away, 'tis not fit to eat). 

HIT IT. — ^To be in accord. 

** Them two dwoant zim to hit it now as um did avoor Kersmas ' 
(those two do not seem on such good terms now as they were before 
Chriistmas). 

HO. — To long for, to care greatly for. 
HOBBLE DE HOYE.— 

" A chap be called a " hMU de hoye,'* 
As be shut of a man but moor'n a bwoy." 

HOBBLES. — Shackles ; to prevent a horse or donkey straying 
far when turned into a lane or roadside to feed ; by these a 
fore leg is often fastened to a hind leg. 

HOCKERD. — Awkward, clumsy, obstinate, contrary. 

" A was maain hockered an I cood'nt persuaayde un to do 't " (he was 
very obstinate and I could'nt persuade him to do it). 

HOCKLY. — Awkwardly helpless, having no notion liow to do 
a thing properly. 

HOCKSEY.— Deep with mud. 

HOCKSIN*. — Walking clumsily, or making a noise impertinently 
in walking. 

" When I scawlded un a went hoksin' awaay wi'out a-stoppin' to year 
what I was a-zaayin'." 

HODMEDOD.— A scarecrow ; usually a figure with a hat on, 
holding a stick to represent a gun. 

HO-GO. — A game played by children, each having a number 
of marbles. The nrst holds up a number in closed hand 
and says, **Ho'go;'* the second says "Hand full;*' the 
first then says " How many ?" The other guesses. If he 
should guess correctly he is entitled to take them all ; but 
otherwise he must give the difference between the number 
he guessed and the number actually held up to *' make 
it so." 



92 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

HOG-TUB. — A tank at a part of the farm-yard nearest the 
kitchen, into which all kinds of edible refuse are thrown. 
The " hog-tub " has stock of barley meal, and at feeding 
time the pi^s assemble eagerly at the call of •* shug," 
** shug/' ** shug," and the mixture is then bailed out by 
means of a sort of bucket, with a very long wooden handle. 

HOG-WASH.— The liquor of the Hog-tub. 

HOLLER. — To call out loudly. In the rhyme sung by boys 
going their rounds on Guy Fawkes* Day we have — 

•• Holler bwoys, holler bwoys, maayke yer bells ring, 
Holler bwoys, holler bwoys, God zaayve the Quane.'* 
One would say also, " Holler to 'n to come along quicker." 

HONESTY. — The wild clematis is always so called. 

HOOD. — The bonnet worn by women at field labour. It is a 
poke bonnet which shades the face from the sun, and 
which has an enormous flap covering the neck, shoulders, 
and upper part of the back. 

HOOSET. — A horse's head curiously dressed up, and carried 
about by men and boys at a " Hooset Hunt" 

HOOSET HUNT. — When persons are believed to be guilty of 
incontinence, men and boys assemble for a ** Hocset Hunt,'* 
they take with them pots or pans or anything wherewith 
to make discordant noise, and this they call " Roup^h 
Music," they also carry the ** Hoosef on a pole. On 
arrival at a house to be visited, the ** Rough Music" is" 
vigorously played, and the ** Hooset" shaken in front of all 
the windows, and even poked into them if any be open. 

HOOST. — Lift up. ** Hoost up thee end o' plank a bit (lift up 
your end of the plank a little). 

HOOT.—** Hold to it." 
An expression used to horses. 

HOOTCHER. — A stick with a bend or turn at the top, used to 
pull down branches when gathering fruit. 

HOPPERS.— Mites in bacon. 

HOPPETTY.— A little lame. 

" I hev a-bin a bit hoppetty zence the hammer veil on my voot." 

HOP, SKIP AN* JUMP PUDDEN'.— A plum pudding where 
plums have been inserted very sparingly. 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 03 

"^OSS-PLAAY. — Rough, noisy play, approaching practical 
joking. 

OSS-POND. — A pond appertaining to the farm j-ard ; from its 
situation the water is often too impure for animals to drink. 

CZ> TJSEN. — Houses. 

OAVSOMEVER.— However. 

" A wunt never do t kousomcvcr a med try.'* 

U CK. — To poke, as by inserting a stick under anything and 
on pushing it to give a lifting motion. 

X-ICK-MUCK. — Confusion caused by all things being out of 
place. On visiting a small house on cleaning day the 
apology comes ** 'E vinds us in a gurt huck-muck to-daay, 



zur." 



* ^ *^ ^ D. — To take off the outer covering. 

" Get them Mramuts huJifcd agin I comes back." 
he outer covering of nuts, walnuts, &c., is called the ** hud,'' 

^ FFY. — Easily taking offence. 
" A be a huffy zart o' chap.'* 

XJGGER, also HUGGER-MUGGER.— To hoard. 

"A ke-ups his money pretty much huggcr-mu^f^cred up an' dwoant 
spend none hardly/' 

VJLLS.— Husks. 
^^ U"LLA-BALLOO. — A loud confused noise raised by a number. 

■^ tJNCH.— To attack with the horns. 
"The cow tried to hunch muh." 

^VJNK, sometimes HUNCH. — A thick piece of bread, 
bacon, &c. 

^XJR, or HAAIR.— Hair. 

^IJRDLE.HERSE.— A hurdle horse; the frame fixed en the 
ground having holes for the uprights of hurdles ; the 
brushwood used in making "vlaayke hurdles,'' is woven 
horizontally between these uprights. 



94 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 



I 

I. — Is used for " me." 

'* Gie / one o* them apples?" 

IF ZO BE AS.— If. 

*' If xo be as yoa can come an* hev tay wi* we to-morrow, I hopes yoa 
•ooll." 

IMP. — ** Young imp,** is a common name for a mischievous boy, 
as also a ** young rascal.'* 

IN, or UN. — To be •* i«," with a person is to be intimate ; well 
liked, and to have influence. 

Also ** him," " I gin *in wernin' " (I gave him warning). 

IN-AN'-IN. — A term used to express close relationship with 
reference to cattle breeding. 

INBETWANE.— Used for "between." 

** I veels a stwun in-bttwane my shoe an sock/' 
IXLY. — Inwardly. 

INNERDS. — "Chitterlings** as frequently go by the name of 
" peg's innerds " (pig*s inwards). 

IN ON S.— Onions. 

INVITIN*. — The word is used in homely welcome thus: — As 
the food is placed on the table the host will say to his 
guest, ** Now you zees yer dinner avoor *e, an* I hopes as 
*e wunt want no mrtVin*.** This is intended as a wish that 
the guest will eat heartily, ask for what he may want, and 
" maayke his-zelf at whoam.** 

IRE. — Iron. 

I SPY. — The game hide and seek. In the way of playing tliis 
the seeker has to call ** / spy** to the one he finds before 
he may start to run " home." 

IT. — Yet. " Be thaay comin* it *' ? (are they coming yet ?) 

IT AWHILE.— For a short time. 

*' Ut hev a-bin a-raatntn* 20 as a mus* ha bin hindered a-s'artin' 
an' I dwoant expec' un yer U awhik,'* 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. Do 



T 

J A A. — The jaw. 

JAANTIN.' — Going off on pleasure. 

JAAYNE.— Jane. 

JABBER.— Silly rapid talking. 

JACK.— The male, as "yo^^-hare." 

A contrivance for raising an axle-tree of a cart, &c., so that 
the wheel on that side is off the ground and can turn freel}-. 

A child whose face is begrimed with dirt is reproached by 
being called '* Jack nasty vaayce." 

The word is much and commonly used in combination. 
•' yack in office," " Cheap Jack;' " jfack of all trades," &c. 

JAMMED. — Squeezed. As by having one*s hand caught 
between a door and door post ; also would be said, ** Jam 
down the zugar zo as to get ut all into the baaysin." 

JAN.— John. 

JANDERS.— Jaundice. 

JAWLTER-YEAD. — A blunderer, one very stupid. 

JEMPS.— James. 

JENNY SQUIT.— The Jenny Wren. 

JERKIN. — A short all-round coat. 

JE-UD, or J AAYDE.— Jade. 

JIFFY. — A short space of time ; immediately. 

" T wunt taayke I moor'n ^ jiffy to dim to that ther bird's ne-ast.** 
•• I'll bci back in a ;//>;• 

JIGGAMY. — Any implement or tool. 

"Gic OS the jiggamy as stans* to ycr han' ther" (referring to an 
implemeati the name of which one ' disremimbers* at the moment). 



06 l^ERKSHlRE WORDS. 

JIGGETTY. — A sharp up and down motion. Thefe is the 
old children's rhyme — 

•' To markut, to markut, to buy a vat hog, 
Whoam agin, whoam s-gin, jiggetty jog.'* 

" Jigf^^ii^'i' " is moving up and down quickly, as in riding a child on 
the knee, this is always called "jiggettin* " the child. 

JIMCRACKS. — Trifling personal belongings. 

JIMMANY. — An exclamation of astonishment. Often, " Oh I 
jimmany.'' 

JIMP. — With well formed waist, applied to a woman in a 
complimentary way. 

JIS, or JUS'.— Just. 

*' 'OoU 'ejis stop a minnut while I axes if me-uster be at whoam/' 

JIST.— (The *' i " pronounced as in ** rice.") A joist. 

JOB. — A thing difficult of performance. 

*' Thee 'oolt hev a job to car' that ther' zack o' taayters to Newbury." 

JOCKEY.— To get the better of one. 

*• A jockeyed I last time I had dalins wi'n, an' zo I wunt hev no moor/' 

JOG. — To nudge ; to touch one confidentially. 

•• Jog the man t'other zide on e\ plaze, vor'n to look at I.'* 

JOGGLE.— To shake. 

" A joggled the taayble while I was a writin', an' zo ut bcant vit vor 'e 
to look at.*' 

JOG TROT. — An ordinary trot, rather slow than quick. A 
*' jog-trot " way of going on is a way likely to last long and 
incur no great trouble. 

JUMPER. — A sheep with the vice of springing over the hurdles 
of the fold is called a ''jumper.'' 

JUMPIN* STALK. — An arrangement of two sticks fixed per- 
pendicularly in the ground, with another across the top to 
test height to which competitors can jump. 

J UN KETTINS'.— Merry-makings. 

JUNKS. — Thick pieces. " Chumps " are sometimes so called. 

A frugal housewife will say tp her good man, 

•* Dwoant 'e help the me-ut in jHnkSt ut dwoant go hafe as vur," 



Berkshire words. 07 

JUS' NOW. — A little time ago. In Berkshire this is invariably 
used of the past, never of the future, though elsewhere 1 
have often heard the expression refer to the future as thus : 
" He will be here just now^^ meaning ** immediately " or 
" shortly." 

JUST ABOUT. — Expresses something large or important. 

*• Thcr was just about a lot o* rats " (there was a very large number 
of rats). 
" A had jMst about a tumble '* (he had a very severe tumble). 



H 



i)8 i^ERRSHIRE WORDS. 



K 

KAAYLE.— Caleb. 

KECK.— To make a choking noise in the throat. 

KECKEK.— The gullet. 

KEER. — Care. 

KERD.-A card. 

KEKKY.— Irritable. 
KERN.— Corn. 
KERT.— Cart. 

KETCH. — To catch. To ketch it is to incur punishment. 

" He 'ooll ketch it when the me-uster knaws what a hev a-bin an* 
a-done." 

KETCH Y WEATHER is showery weather. 

KE-UP, or KAAYPE.— A cape. 

KE-UP, or KAPE, OR KIP.— To keep. Keep, i.^., food in 

quantity that will last some time for sheep or cattle. 

" I be zellin' my ship vor my turmuts be vaailed an' I ent got no 
winter ke-up." 

KIBBLE. — Sweepings as from garden paths and court yards. 

KICK. — To become irritated. 

'* If 'e zes anything about his wife lockin' the door an' a-tawkin* 
to 'n out o* wincier a kicks preciously." This had reference to a man 
who was so treated because he came h^me later at night than his 
spouse approved. 

KID. — To produce pods. Peas and beans are said to ** Aii" 
well when bearing large numbers of pods. 

KILL.— A kiln. 

KILL-DEVIL. — An artificial bait used in spinning for Pike 
when natural baits are not forthcoming. 

KIND.— Profitable to breed from. 

" That ther be a kind lookin' yowe (ewe)." 



Berkshire words. 91) 

KINKETTY. — Matters not going on smoothly are referred to 
as being "a bit kinketty,'' 

KIT. — The whole lot. 

" I hev got a puppy an' dree verrets, an* a mag-pie, an' e med hev 
the kit vor a crownd if e 'ooll." 

KITKEYS.— The fruit of the ash. 

KITTLE. — Not strong, not firm, not safe; requiring gentle 
treatment. 

KLICK. — A sharp noise as caused by the shutting of a pocket 
knife. 

KNACKER. — A wretched looking horse past work. 

KNOCK AFF. — To stop operations. 

" £ can knock aff ploughin' te-ams at dree o'clock." 

KNUCKLE DOWN.— To succumb ; to give in. 

KOFER. — A chest for keeping old dress3s, &c. in, when these 
are stowed away for a time. 

KURSMAS.— Christmas. 

KWUT.— A coat. 



100 iJERksHlRE \vokbs. 



LAAY. — To wager ; to bet. 

•' I'll laay 'e a quart (' beer ' understood) as my donkey *ooll go 
vaster nor thee pawny." 

To lie down. 

" I be a-gwaain to laay down, vor I be a-veelin' out o* zarts." 

LAAY HAWLT.— «* Take hold/' receive in your hand. 
" Laay hawlt o' t'other ind o' the rawpe."' 

LAAY BY.— To save. 

" Times be zo bad, I can't laay by nothun." 

LAAYCE. — To whip. A ^^laaycin' " is a whipping. 

" Thee 'ooll get a laaycin' when me-uster zees what e hev a-bin at." 

LAAY DOWN. — To sow with seed that will not require 

annual renewal. 

*' Stock be a-paayin* zo well as I me-ans to laay down zome moor 
land in grace next year." 

LAAYDY-BIRD. — Cocciiulla septem punctata. Children never kill 
this pretty harmless insect, but holding it on the hand 
say — 

" Laaydy-bird, laay dy -bird, vly yer waay whoam, 
Yer house be a-vire, an' yer childern's at whoam." 
The hand is then moved sharply upwards, and the " laaydy-bird " 
takes flight. 

LAAYED-UP. — Said of a ferret when, having killed a rabbit 
and eaten part of it, it lies down and goes to sleep in the 
rabbit-hole. 

LAAY INTO.— To beat. 

" If thee doosn't do what I tells 'e I'll laay into thee.'* 

LACKADAAYSICAL.— Full of fanciful airs and affectation. 

LACKADAAYSY ME. — A mild expression of surprise, used 
generally by old women of the poorer class. 

LAKE ALL AWVER THE VAAYCE.— With the whole face 
showing merriment* 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 101 

LAG.— Last. Boys playing at marbles call out " Lag'* when 
wishing to play last. 

LAMMAS, and LAMMAS-DAAY. — ^This word was explained 
in the following terms, in the case of " Hobbs versus The 
Corporation of Newbury," as reported in the " Newbury 
Weekly News " of the i6th February, 1888. " The Lam- 
mas Day obtained its name from a supposed offeiing or 
tything of Lambs on the ist August, the Festival of St. 
Peter in Chains, as a thanksgiving for the first fruits of 
the new * Bread Com.' These fields (i.e., certain fields 
referred to in the law suit) are what are known as Lammas 
land, i.e.. Commons on which the inhabitants of Newbury 
have the right of Pasturage, formerly commencing on 
Lammas Eve, the day before the festival of Lammas Day, 
the ist August, till Lady Day, the 25th March." 

LAND. — A portion of land delimited by furrows in ploughing. 
Families take lands as portions for reaping. 

LANDLORD. — An inn-keeper is so called. 

LANE, or LE-AN. To lean ; also the lean of meat. 

LARDY CAAYKE. — The plain cake much sweetened and 
containing lard. 

LARN.—To teach. 

" Do 'urn lam 'e zummin (arithmetic) at schoold ?' 
LARRA MASSY. — A common interjectory expression. 

LARRUP.— To beat. 
A larrupin is a beating. 

LATTER MATH. — The second crop of grass. Vide Atermath. 

LAUK. — An expression of wonder. 
Lave, or LE-AV.— Leave. 

Lavender. — To put away in ** lavender '* has the extended 
meaning of putting anything of value very carefully away. 

LAW. — A common expression of surprise. 

LAY, or LAA.— Law. 

*' I wont go to lay about ut." 



102 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

LAY-YER, or LAA-YER.— A lawyer. The blackberry bush 
is called a ** laa-yer^'^ because when any part of it takes 
hold of one there is no getting free from the bush without 
being seized by other parts. There is a paradoxical 
quotation very common when blackberries are coming in 
season, <* Blackberries be alius red when um be grc-an." 

LE-AST-WAAYS, or LASTE-WISE.— At all events. 

'* Me-uster be a-gwaain to begin plantin* ze-ad tayters next wake, 
U-ast-waays a zed as a 'ood." 

LEATHER.— To flog. A leatherin' is a flogging. 

LEATHERY.— Tough. 

" This me-at be maain leathery.'' 

LED. — Betted, wagered. 

" I led 'un a penny as a cood'nt dim that ther tree." 

A lid. 

LEER. — Empty, hungry. 

" I wishes 'um 'ud gie we zome dinner, I be a-veelin' maain //rr." 

LEG UT. — To run away very quickly. 

•* I maayde 'un leg ut pretty sherp, I can tell 'e." 

LEG UP. — To give a " leg up '* is to give one help from 
underneath on ascending a wall or tree, &c. 

LEM-VIGS. — Imported figs. 

LEN\ — " Lend '* is always so pronounced. 

LESS, or THESS.— " Let us," *'Let me." 

•* Less zee what 'e got ther." 

LET ALAWNE. — Moreover, in addition to. 

" He ood*nt len* we no money, let alawm mwoast likely a yent got 
none to len*." 

LET ALAWNE AS. — Is used for "and taking into con- 
sideration also that." 

" She hev a-had two new gownds this zummer, /// alaume as she had 
dree put by ax^oor. zo she wunt want no moor vor one while." 

LET IN.—* Begin !" " go to work !'' 

" Now if you chaps be ready /// im wi'out any moor tawk." 

LET \'LY. — To shoot. Perhaps a phrase from archery days 
when the arrow winged its way on being released from the 
bow. 

LE-UZ. — To glean. •* Leutin ** is gleaning. 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 103 

LEY.— Growing grass ; grass lands which are not for annual 
breaking up; this applies to sanfoin, clover, &c., which 
come under the general term " grass.** 

LEZ.— Lies or lays. 

" I never lez a-bed o* mamins " (I rise early in the morning). 

LICK.-T0 beat. 

"A lickin* '* is a beating. 

LIDDY.-Lydia. 

LIEV.— As soon. 

" I'd as lifv go as stop at whoam." 

LIEVER.— Rather. 

" What 'ood 'e luver be, a zawlger or a zaailer ? " 

LIFT.— A free ride. 

LIKE.— Placed sometimes in a modifying or apologetic way. 

" Plaze, zur, I wants to maayke my house a bit smarter like if e'll 
gie I zome white- wash an' brushes to do 't wi'." 

LIKE-ER.— More likely. 

" He's like-er to come "an not." 

LIKES O*. — Persons or things of that stamp or quality. 
•• I wunt taayke no trouble vor the likes 0' thaay." 

LILL. — The act of projecting the tongue as with a dog after 

running. 

" Look how that ther dog Wis, a mus' ha' had a smartish hunt ater 
the wounded haayre." 

LIMBER.— Active, tough. 

" If thee vights un theell get wusted. vor a be a maain limber zart o' 
chap." Sometimes used as meaning " limp " also. 

LIMBO.— Jail. 

*• If thee be-ant moor keervul thee 'ooll vind theezelf in limbo avoor 
long • 

LIMMERS.— Base; low. 

LIMP.— Flaccid. 

Wanting in firmness. 

*• A be a limp zart o' man if 'e sticks out he'll gie in." 

LISSOM. — Active; phant. 

LITTEN. — A small meadow adjoining a parish church yard, 
available for churchyard extension. 



104 BERKSHIRE WORDS, 

LITTER. — To " litter down " is to lay down straw for horses 
to sleep on for the night, this straw bedding being called 
** litter f** and this word is also applied to all sorts of 
things lying confusedly about. 

LITTOCKS.— Rags and tatters. 

*' His kwut got tore to littocks in the brambles when the donkey 
drowed *un an' dragged 'un along by the sturrup." 

LIVE-UNDER. — To hold a farm from ; to be tenant to. 

LOCK. — A small quantity of hay not so dry as the remainder 
of the crop. 

LODGED. — Com beaten down by storms is spoken of as 
" lodged." 

LOGGERYEADS.— To be " at kggeryeads '* with another is to 
have a feud with him, to have quarrelled. 

LOLL. — To lean lazily. 

" LolUn" about " is the reverse of sitting or standing upright, and 
looking ready for work. 

LOLLOP. — To slouch. The meaning is analogous to that of 
" Loll.'' ** Lollopin ** is " slouching.'* 

LONG. — Great or large. A ^^long figure" means a great 
price; ** /oM^-headed " is applied to one far-seeing or 
calculating (common). 

LON G VU L.— Wearisome. 

*' Thee hast a-bin awaay vrom whoam a lengvul while.'* 

LONG-TAAILED'UN.— A cock pheasant. 

LONG-TAWL. — A game at marbles where each takes aim at 
the other in turn, a marble being paid in forfeit to which- 
ever of the players may make a hit. 

LOOBY. — A stupid looking youth. 

LOP. — Branches cut from the main stem of a tree by a 
bill-hook ; the expression •* top, /o/>, an' vaggot," includes all 
of the tree except the timber. 

LOPE.— To idle about. 

LOPPETTIN*.— Walking with an ungainly movement and 
heavy tread. 

LOP ZIDED.— Standing out of the perpendicular. 
With weight not Ci|uaUy disiributea. 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 105 

LORDS AN' LAAYDIES.— The arum. 

LOT.—The feast time at some villages. 

Drayton **Lot** is well kept up. 

" A vat lot '* is an expression of doubt. 

" I be a-gwaain to zee Me-uster an* tell *un I wunt bide wi' un a 
minnot longer." To this would be made the jeering rejoinder. " A vat 
lot yon 'ooU I'll be bound." 

LOTS. — Many, the greater number. 

*' Lots on us can't come a Monday 'cause o' the crickut match, but 
all on us 'ood come a Tuesday.*' 

LOUCHET.— A large piece. 

*' Thee hast gin I moor of a loitchet n I can yet " (you have given me 
a larger piece than I can eat.) 

LOUT. — A stupid, ungainly man. 
LOVE AN' IDLE.— The Pansy. 

LOVE-CHILD.— One bom before wedlock. 

LOVE VEAST. — A tea meeting held in dissenting chapels, 
after which members in turn tell their religious experiences. 

LOW.— Out of spirits. 

" I was a-veelin* a bit low acause my zon as is abrade ent wrote to I 
vor a long time." 

Low BELL, — A bell formerly rung at villages in the Vale of 
Berkshire at day break by the herdsman appointed to take 
charge of cows to be turned out on the downs for grazing 
during the day. At the sound of the ** low bell '* the cows 
were delivered to him. (Low rhymes with * cow.*) 

^tJBBER, or LUBBER-YEAD.— One very stupid indeed. 

^^CKY BAG. — A bag always at country fairs. On payment 
of a penny one puts in the hand and draws forth a prize of 
some kind. 

^G. — A pole or perch. The pole which secures barn doors 
by being fixed across ; to carry. 

^ vJMBERIN'. — A dull heavy prolonged sound. 

^MMAKIN* — Proceeding with slow ungainly motion. 

^XjJip _Xo thump with the fist. 

'^ **lump of a chap" is a big fellow, perhaps somewhat 
Ungainly. 



106 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

LUMPY. — Heavy in appearance; clumsily formed; also 
looking sullenly cross is described as " lookin' lumpy 
awver *t.*' 

LUSH. — To drink freely of intoxicating liquors. 

LYE. — Water which has been filtered through wood- ashes, and 
so rendered soft for washing purposes. 

LYE-LITCH. — The tub used to contain the ashes and water 
when •• lye " is made. 

LYNCHES. — The green banks or divisions of ** lands." 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 107 



M 

MAAIDEN. — This word is used in combination as thus, maaiden 
Downs are natural Downs, ».^., never planted nor broken up. 
Woods are said to be stocked with maaiden timber when there 
has been no previous felling. . 

MAAIDS. — Servant girls in a farm house. Vide also Gals. 

MAAIN. — ^Very, extremely. 

" I be Moain tired ater that ther job." 

The greater part. 

*' I thinks we hev a-killed the maain o* the rats up at Breach Verm 
an* ther bent none left to zi*nify." 

MAAM. — To besmear ; as a child may besmear face or hands 
with jam. 

; MAAMY. — Soft soil which is not very wet, but where the foot 
sinks in, is thus described. 

Also ' besmeared.' 

MAAY.— The flower of the Whitethorn. In the ''Maay** the 
leaf appears before the flower, whilst the Blackthorn shows 
the flower before the leaf. 

MAAY HAP. — Possibly, perhaps. 

MAAY HORNS. — These are made by boys from the rind of 
the Withy, wound round and roimd ; a smaller piece being 
wound also and inserted at the smaller end. They give 
forth a most doleful but far reaching sound. 

MAAYRY, or MEA-RY.— Mary. 

MAAYKE AWAAY WI'.— To kill. 

•• I be a-gwaain to maayke awaay \vV my dog, vor thaay tells I as a 
goes ater the ship o' nights." 

To spend too freely. 

MAAYKE HAAY. — Boys* use this expression when heaping 

together the miscellaneous belongings of another who has 

made himself obnoxious and pouring water over the whole. 

" To maayke haay while the zun shines** is to set to work vigorously 
at a thing wh«n circumstances are favourable. 



108 BERKSHIRE \VORD§. 

MAAYKE NOTHUN'.— To fetch no money. 

" Whale wunt tnaayke nothun* now, an' we only got to look to our 
stock." 

MAAYKE UP. — A youth is said to ** fiuuiyhe up ** to a girl when 

he first attempts to pay addresses to her. This expression 

is the counterpart of a girl •* setting her cap." 

" I zaay, Daayme, doos'nt think young Jack Robins be SL-maaykin' uf 
to our Maayry ? " 

MAAYKE WAAYTE.— " Make weight." A small quantity 
or scrap added by butchers and others to make up or 
increase weight. 

MAAYRE, or MER. — The expression ** the graay maayre be 
the best herse " is commonly used either as denoting that 
the wife is head and heart of the house or that a man is 
* henpecked.* 

MAAYRES TAAILS.— Light fleecy clouds. 

" Maayres taails an' mackerel sky, 
Not long wet nor not long dry." 

MAAYZY. — Not clear headed, confused, muddle-headed. 

Generally followed by ** like.*' 

*' When I yeared what um had done I was zo took aback as to veel 
quite maayzy-\\)kt,^' 

MACKEREL SKY.—Sky mottled with clouds. 
MAD. — Very angry ; greatly annoyed. 
MAG. — Troublesome tongue. 

•• Hawld thee mag** is a retort. 

A magpie. 

MAGGOT. — ** To have a maggot in the yead ** is to hold very 
strange and unusual notions. 

MAGGOTTY. — Fidgetty, having eccentric notions. 
Also frolicsome. 

MAMMERED. — Amazed, confused, puzzled. 

•• I was quite mammered zo many on 'um spakin' at once." 

MAMMY ZICK. — In distress on account of being away from 
the mother or home. 

MANDERIN*. — Muttering threats or grumbling to one's self. 

MANNISH. — Used in ridicule of a youth giving himself airs 
such as strutting when walking. 

MARVELS. — * Marbles' are so generally pronounced by boys. 



Berkshire words. 109 

MASH. — A marsh. The Mash is sometmies a fine meadow, as 
at Newbury. 

MATH-THA.— Martha (equally, commonly, ** Patty.") 
MATIN'. — Service at a dissenting chapel is so called. 

" Be 'e a-gwaain to Matin* at Compton to-night ?" 
Members of the congregation are sometimes called Mutiners^ as 
distinguished from Church Vawk or those who attend Church. 

MATTER O*. — Quantity or number, but used redundantly. 
** I shall hev a matter o' vorty pegs to zell about Kursmas time." 

MATY, or ME-A-TY. — Used as expressing that animals are in 
good condition for the butcher. 

MAUL. — A wooden hammer, as used for driving beer-taps into 
barrels. 

MAUNDERIN*. — Continuing to talk without showing know- 
ledge or sense. 

MAUNT.— Must not. 

" A zes I maunt go to Vaair athout I works aw\-ertime vor a we-uk 
avoorhand.'* 

MAWKIN. — An implement for cleaning out the oven. 

MAWKISH.— Flat to the taste. 

MAWKY. — A woman who is very dowdy and ungainly in 
appearance is said to be ** mawky,'" 

MAYSTER, or ME-USTER. — Master; the farmer is always 
called the " Mayster " by his men. 

MAYSTERVUL. — Domineering, arrogant, assertive. 

•• Our Gerge be got that maystcrvul ther yent no doin* nothun' \vi' 



'un.'* 



MAZINLY, or MAAYZINLY, or ME-UZ-INLY.— Much, 
extremely. 

•* That ther bwoy o' oum be grawin* mazinly now to be zure.'* 

MAZZARD.— A big head. 

" Did e' zee what a raayre mxzsard that ther chap had a-got ?" 

ME-AD. — A meadow. 

'* A be gone down in the me-ad"' (always pronounced in two syllables). 

ME-AT, or MATE.— Meat. 

MED. — May, might. 

<* J tawld 'un a med do*t if a wanted to't/' 



110 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

MED-BE. — Perliaps, possibly. 

" Med be you be a-gwaain to Reddin to-morrer, zur ?" 

MEDDLE. — To touch, to take an active interest in. 

" If theeiiff^/^5 wi' what yent belongin' to 'e agin, I'Ugie 'e alarrapin." 
The expression meddle nor maayke is used as thus : "I wunt msddle nor 
maayke wi' e but me-ans jus* to mind my awn business.** 

MELT — Part of a pig, the spleen. A favourite supper where 
a pig has been killed is, '* heart and melt" the nult which is 
rather fat being crammed with savoury stuffing, and the 
heart also stuffed. 

MERE. — A bank or boundary of earth. 

MERE-STWUN. — A stone dividing two properties. 

A Mere path thus divides two properties at Hagboum. 

MERRY GO ROUNDS.— These, composed of revolving 
wooden horses, always put in an appearance at fairs and 
merry-makings. 

MESS. — A child is told " not to mess it's food," ».^., not to 
continue to touch it with its fork or spoon without eating. 

MESSENGER. — A sunbeam coming through a long crack into 
a rather dark barn or loft. 

MESSY. — Food which is uninviting in appearance is thus 
described : ** I can't et (or yet) that ther pudden' a looks 
* messy' " 

Soft or pulpy. 

ME-UT, or MAAYTE.— A mate. 

MICKLE. — Used in a proverb very common among the thrifty 
folk of Berkshire. 

" Many a little maaykes a mUkU:* 

MIDDLIN'.— Not well and strong in health; a degree or two 
worse than ** tarblish." 

" The reply to inquiries after health may commonly be : •* I be but 
middliH* zur. thank *e; the rheumatics be bad agin.*' 

When work is said to be done •« but middUn\'' it means that 
it is rather badly done. 

MIFF. — In a temper, in a huff. 

" A was in a mif amwoast avoor I begun to tell*ii how *twas.** 

MILD.— Not strong. 

'• This yer chaxo be vunry w/W," <.#., not strong ia flavour. 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. Ill 

MILD. — A mile, miles. 

*' Ut be better nor zeven mild vrom Hampstead to Newbury. 

MILLERD.— A miller. 
The common white moth. 

MILLERDS THUMB. — ^The name most commonly given to 
the small fish, Bull-Head or Tom Cull, so much hunted for 
by boys in streams where drought has stopped the water 
nmning for a time. 

MIM. — Silent, not easily induced to talk. 

" She zet ther zo mint as I cood'nt get on no how, an* zo I got up 
an* come awaay." 

MI MM AM. —A bog. 
MINCIN'.— AflFected. 

*' She be too mijuin" a zart of a gal vor my money " (she is too 
affected for my taste). 

MIND. — Know to one's cost. In the play of the Berkshire 
Mimimers we have — 

" Now, Slasher. Slasher, dwoant thee be too hot. 
Vor in this room theell mind who thee hast got." 

MINDS. — Remember. 

" What do a me-an by tawkin' to I like that ther, why I minds when 
a was but a bit of a bwoy." 

MINT. — Large quantity or number, a great deal. 

" That chap run zo hard, a gin I a mint o' trouble avoor I ketched 



•un.'* 



MINTY. — Musty, mouldy. 

Cheese with mites therein is commonly described as " minty," 

MISCHIEF. — To "play the mischief*' with anything is to spoil it. 

Mischievous or mischlevious is much used, the accent being 
on the second syllable. Mischievul is also very commonly 
used instead of ** mischievous." 

MISDOUBT.— To mistrust. 

MISSUS. — A working man so calls his wife. In speaking to 
others of her he will say ** My missus,'' The farmer's wife 
is styled ** The Missus" 

" Be the Missus at whoam if *e plaze ?" 

MISSUSSY.— Used by girls to each other as indicating '* taking 
too much on oneself;" analagous to Maystbrvul. 



11*2 BEBKSHlRE WORKS. 

M I S WOR DS. — Quarrelsome words. 

" t'» had a mhuvrd or two an* ent ^x>lce to one 'nather zence." 

MIXED UP. — Taking part in. 

" I wnnt be mixed up vn' zuch doins as them." 

MIXEN.— A place where garbage from the kitchen is thrown. 
MIZZLE.— ''Be oflF!" 

*• You bwoys had best mizzk avoor I gets a stick to "e." 
To rain steadily in extremely minute drops and without wind. 

MOIL.— To labour. 

•• I hev a-got zome money put by, an' dwoant look to toil an' moil al 
my daays." 

MOINE.— A dung-hill. 

MOLL-HERN.— The female heron. The male heron is called 
the ''jack hern/' but in districts where herons are not often 
seen both male and female are called " moll-hirns.** 

MOLLY-CODDLE.— A man who fusses about the house with 
matters more properly dealt with by women. 

MON KEYS' LOWANCE.— A whipping. " 

MOO-COW. — Children call a cow thus, as they call a sheep a 
*» baa-lamb.'* 

MOOR.—Morc. 

MOOR ZACKS TO MILL.— A favourite game with children 
ut Christmas time, when wishing for one of a romping 
character. 

MOl* \*AA1R» — A fttir for hiring servants and farm-labourers. 
MORT»-"\'cry great, a large quantity. 

'' \Vh«n I met *un « timmod io a m4>rt of a hurry." 

** rher WAS a moif on >in ther, I never zin xuch a lot avoor nor 

Mv>UTAl.» -l\\cc5isi\xly, great. 



' I N' A li^w^AAm to (pK tome doctors stuff, vor I was a-veelin* morU 



'' I W **0»*^ Axt^rvl A \xum hev the okmkt to pMy up,- 

NK>Sl\Sx A nKHi9c U c4>t*i 5» called* 

Wvwe 4i\^ Kx>i >tfs I (pc4 imn l^ iWe imII u* a cuH mdt into him 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. IIB 

MOSSLE. — A morsel ; anything very small. At table would 
be said — 

" Gi* I a mossU moor vat if you plaze." 

The least. 

"T'yent a mossle o* good axin' muh, vor I tells 'e I wunt." 

MOTHER-LAA.— Mother-in-law. The "in" is similarly 
omitted in father-in-law, brother-in-law, and sister-in-law, 
when these titles are used, but this is rarely the case, 
the names being usually substituted, and " My missus* 
vath-er " used for •* father-in-law." 

MOTHER^S ZON.— Every one without exception. 

"A turned every mother's zon on um out o' the house." 

MOTHERY.— Covered with mildew. 

MOUCH.— To eat ; to pilfer. 

MOUCHER. — A cat that steals provisions is called a mouchcr^ 
One good at catching mice is a mouser. 

MOUCHIN' ABOUT.— Prying about with intent to pilfer ? 

" What was *e mouchin* about in the hen 'us vor ?" 

MOUGHT.— Might. 

MOUSER. — A cat good at catching mice. 

MOUTH. — ** Down in the mouth " signifies looking depressed. 

"low — Com or straw stacked in a barn. ** The Barley Moii/'' 
*s the sign board of an old Inn. 

^PCH-ABOUT. — Indicates magnitude almost the same as 

''i^staboutr 

" Ther was much-about a lot o* rats in the whate rick as us took in 
to-daay." 

^K. — A perspiration. 

^^'^CKER.— A failure. 

"A maayde a mucker on't." 

^ besmear with dirt. 

^^^K HE-UP, or MUCK HAPE.— A heap of farm yard 
Manure. 

' ^Cky.— With wet sticky dirt under foot. 
*' The ro-ads be maain mucky jus' now." 

•*->DLE-YEADED. — With no power of perception, having 
^^nfused ideas* very stupid. 
i 



I BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

MUFFLED. — When an old bell-ringer dies it has been the 
custom for each of the others to tie a stocking round the 
clapper of his bell and so to ring a " muffled " peal. 

MUFFLER. — A woollen cravat wound several times round 

the neck and worn in cold weather. 

MUG. — As a schoolboy's expression to work hard, and one who 

does so is somewhat contemptuously termed "a mug" by 
others who prefer play to work. 
A cup of the same size round from top to bottom. 

MUGGLE.— A muddle, confusion. 

" The chiidren had nobody lo look aiet um an' hev maayde zuch a. 
miigglc a.i yau never lee." 

MUGGY. — " Muggy weather," is damp, hot, close weather. 

" A thing is said lo laaysle " Muggy," when it has a flavour the 



□ra 



MUH.— Me. '• 
and always 



is however much used m the objective case, 
^hen there is stress on the pronoun. 



MULL. — To make a failure of any attempt. 
A profuse perspiration is described as a " niu//." 

MULL-YEAD. — A very stupid person who makes a mess of 
everything he tries to do. 

MULLIGRUBS.— Out of sorts and temper ; out of spirits ; a 
slight indisposition. 

MULLOCK.— Wet straw. 

Dirt of all descriptions when heaped together. 

MUM. — Silent as if from a desire to keep a secret, or to abstain 
from speaking freely on a matter. 

MUMCHAUNCIN'.— Sitting without speaking as tho' offended. 
After one has acted in this way the question is asked, 
" What was he a mumchauncm' about I wonner ?" 

MUMMERS. ^A company of village actors who go the round 
of the principal houses in the neighbourhocd at Christmas 
time. 
The words of the play are given elsewlierc. 
M UN. —Man. 

'■What beai theri«i(»,i" 
Sometimes " you " is similarly used. 
'■ What be at ihcr " you ? " 





BERKSHIRE WORDS. 115 

MUNCH. — To eat something which bites crispl}'. 

MUSCLE-PLUM. —-A long shaped plum, sweet but without 
much juice, which separates very widely from its stone 
when ripe. 

MUST.-To mildew. 

"Them pots o' jam be beginnin' to must.'* 

MUTE.— A dog is said "to run mute' v/hen it does not give 
tongue in pursuit of game. 

MUV.— Move. When the word " move * is used, as is sometimes 
the case, it is pronounced as rhyming with ** rove." 

MUZZY. — Stupefied by drink. Weather is ** muzzy '* when no 
clear through mist or fog. 

MWILE.— Mire. 

"A's a-gettin* vurder an* vurder in the mwilft" i.e., he*s going frog 
bad to worse. 

MWOAST-LY. — For the most part, frequently, generally. 

" Thaay mwo-ast-ly alius has ther dinner avoor 'um sterts, zo ther 
yent no call vor we to hev none ready vor 'um." 

MWOAST IN GINRAL.— Generally. 

" I mwoast in ginral goes to chapel at Compton o* Zundays." 

MWOAST TIMES.— More often than not. Often used where 
*• most in general" would equally be used. 



116 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 



N 

NAAIL. — To secure. 

"I managed to naail the rat by the taail jus' as a was a-gettin* 
inside his hawle." 

NAAIL-PASSER. — The usual name for a gimlet. 

NAAYTION. — Great, large, extreme. 

*' Ther was a naaytion lot o* paple at Vaair to-daay to be zure." 

NAAYTION ZIGHT.— A great deal. 

*' I'd a naaytion xighi zooner hev dree gals to bring up nor one bwoy." 

NAB. — To detect, surprise, or seize in the act. 

*' I nahbed 'un jus' as a was a-maaykin a£f wi' the taayters on his 
shawlder." 

NAG. — To say irritating things. 

** She nags at I zo's I wunt bide at vihoam moor 'n I be 'bliged to 't." 
'* Naggin at "' is the habit above referred to. 

NAI ST v.— Spiteful. 

" A zims inclined to be naisty toward us. zo thess kape out o' his 
waay." 

NANNY GO- AT. — The female goat; the male being the 
Billy Go-at. 

NAPSY. — An abscess. 

NARN, or NARRUN, or NARRA-ONE.— Not one. 

These are the negatives respectively of **flr;/,*' " ^yr*/;/," and 

** arra-onty 

"Be ther flrrfl prong in the staayble?'* " No, ther bent nam ther, 
but ril zee if ther be arra-one in the bern." 

NAT.— A knot. 

When I wants to mind zummit, I ties a nat in my pockut hankercher '* 
(when I wish to remember something, &c., &c.) 

NATOMY.— Contemptuously applied to a small thin person^ 
thus, 

*' Dost think anybody 'ud mind a natomy of a chap like thee ?" 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 117 

NATTY. — Said of a woman who is very trim and perhaps a 
little coquettish in her dress. 

NEAR.— Stingy. 

" A mus* be wuth a good bit o* money vor a alius was near.'* 

The " near ** side of a horse is the side on which the carter 
walks when driving his team. The " off'' side is the other 
side. 

NE-AST EGG. — A single egg left to prevent hens from 
deserting the nest. It is supposed that hens are unable to 
count or remember how many eggs they have previously 
laid, for they will daily go on laying until they have laid 
their number as long as a single egg remains, but if all were 
to be taken they would desert the nest and sometimes even 
stop laying for a time. 

The ** fu-ast egg " is often for convenience an addled egg, or 
^11 egg-shaped piece of chalk, the hen being content with 
such substitution. 

^'£DDY.— A donkey. 

^^'ETTLE-CRAPER.— The small White-throat ; doubtless so 
called from its habits. 

^ETTLED. — Stung to anger ; irritated. 

^£Ver a one.— Not one at all. 

" I never zee never a one avoor in all my bern daays." 

^EVVY.— Nephew. 

"^XVVANGLED. — Spoken as regards new ideas or manners. 
It is always used disparagingly. 

'"'•^ — A brood of pheasants. See also Eye. 

'*' CiE. — Very curiously coupled by women — " nice and warm ; '* 
^^nice and frosty," ^* nice and clean;" in fact, **mc^, and 
anything that is gratifying." 

'*'QELY. — To be " doing nicely'' is to be getting better after 
>^^ illness. 

"^-C^K. — ^To knock oflFa small fragment. 

"^VjHT cap.— a glass of hot spirits and water just before 
going to bed. 

^^^CiHT-JAR.— The bird, *« goat-sucker.*' 

^ICHT NIGHTY.— A very friendly "Good-night;*' used 
also generally to young children. 



NINCOMPOOP.— A silly.stupid person, who will believe any 
nonsense ihal is lolij him. 

NIP.— A quick painful pinch of a small piece of llesli. 
■' He give 1 a '"//■' an I give he a punch," 
To cut closely, as to "nip" off a small piece of loose skin with 



N 



NIPPER.— A boy is often so called, rather contemptuously, 

■' Thai young nififcr 'uU never be a man if a dwoani larn how la 
handle his prong belter." 

NITCH. — A bundle to be carried on the back, as "a nitch of 
stray" for night littering for horses. 

NOBBLE. — To seize quickly. To commit a petty theft. 

" Jus' as a iiabbUd a apple out o' my jackut pockut 1 uubblid he." 

NOD. — " In the land of nod " is " gone to sleep." 

NODDLE.— The head. 

" A caught ut on the nudilli," it , he received a blow on the head. 
" To nMt' ihe head " ia to shako the bead upwards and downwards. 

NO GO. — Of no avail; in vain. 
" 1 tried to persuaayde 'un to ci 

NO GOOD ON.— Of no value. 
" Drow LheiB things 1 

HO good OH." 

NO HOW. — Anyhow, in any possible way. 
'■ The rahbut be gone a-ground an' ua can'i ge 
NO MOOR'N.— Except that. 

" I likes uo vurry well no moor'n 1 vinds un a I 

NOODLE. — A very siily person. 
NOR. — Always used for 'than.' 

" My whip liev a-got a belter thong nor ihine " 

NORAAYTION, — A long rambling account, a.s when a poor 
old woman, greatly interested in her troubles, relates them 
very fully. 

NOT. — Smooth, even, without irregularity. 

"That ther vield be Hul. be-ant a?" (that field Is well tilled, ia ii 
not?") 
A ■' not cow " ia a cow without horns. 

NOTCH, — When one is added to the score of a game, as 
cricket, &c., it is called a •• noick." A batsman is asked, 
'■ how many iiulclus did 'b maayke ? " 



'e. but 'I 



n the bucket to the pegs, ihaay beam 



«o hoa:" 






Berkshire WokDS. llJ) 

NO WAAYS.— Net at all. 

" I yers as a zed zummut bad about muh, but I be-ant no u'aays 
affronted vri' zuch a poor noodle." 

NOW AN' AGIN. — Intermittently, once in a way. 

'* I zees a haayre in the vields now an* agin, but ther be-aut many on 
'urn this year." 

NOWSE, — Ideas of management, ability to act with energy. 
" T'yent no good to ax he to do't, vor 'e a yent got no nowse.*' 

NOWT.— Nought, nothing. 

'* AH as I do's this year zims to come to noaiV 

NOWZEL. — To nestle closely for protection or warmth. 

" Zee how the puppy an' the cat non'xels down together avoor the 
vire this cawld weather." 

NO ZART NOR KIND O* USE.— Used to express emphati- 

cally ** no use at all.*' 

*' A be that ther peg-yeaded t'yent no zart nor hind o' ute to azgivy 
wi'n." 

NOZZLE. — The top of a spout. 

" The noxxle o* the taaypot be zo chawked up as no taay hardly wunt 
come droo." 

The nose of a horse. 

NUBBLY. — Where fine or powdered matter has hard lumps 
mixed with it. 

NUDGE. — To touch with the elbow in order to draw attention 
confidentially to some matter. 

NUMBED.— Benumbed. 

NUNCHIN'.— Luncheon. 

NUTHER. -Indeed! 

*• No, a wunt nutherV' i.e., no, he will not indeed ! 
" Nuther " is only used for ' indeed ' in such cases as the above, coming 
thus at the end of a sentence to make it more emphatic. 

NUTTERIN'. — A hard sounding disconnected noise made by 
a horse, which sometimes precedes whinn}ing. 



120 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 



O 

0\— Of, in the. 

•• Them be a vine lot o' ship, zur, be-ant 'um." 
" Ut be cawld o* marnins now." 

** On *' is used also for " of" as before 'urn (them). 

" Ther be a gurt lot o' rabbuts in the 'cod ; I zee a wondervul zight 
OH 'urn out at ve-ad last night " 

OAK APPLE.— The oak gall. 
OBADIENCE.— Curtsey. 

" A labourer's little girl on being called in to see a lady visitor would 
receive orders from her mother, '* maayke yer obadunct to the laaydy." 

OBSTROPPELUS.— Restive under authority, assertively 

making a disturbance. 

•• The bwoy was got maain obstroppclus an* zo I zent 'un to schoold to 
be broke in a bit." 

OBVUSTICAAYTED. — Confused from any cause ; somewhat 
stupefied by drink. 

OCEANS, or AWCEANS. — Used exaggeratively to express a 
large number or quantity. 

" That was a vinebaskut o' plums 'e zent I this mamin'." " Eesean* 
ther be oceans moor wher thaay come vram.'* 

ODD DRAT-UT. — An angry expression. ** Odd drahhut ut " is 
similarly used. 

ODDS. — Affair; business. 

" What thaay do's yent no odds o' mine nor yourn nether." 

ODDY.— Well in health, lively. 

On being asked how he is, an old man will reply, •• Quite oddy, thcnk'e. 



It 



ODMEDOD.— See Hodmedod. 

OFFISH. — Reserved ; refusing to receive advances. 

•• At vust I tried to maayke vriends wi* 'un, but I vound 'un maain 
offish an' zo now I lets 'un alawne." 

OX.-^Of. See O. 



bERKSHiRE Words. 121 

ONACCOUNTABLE. — Commonly used as expressive of 

magnitude. 

" Ther be a onaccountabU crap o' apples this year to be zure." 

ONBEKNOWED TO.— Without the knowledge of. 

" I be come to vaair unbehnowed to my Missus, as ool wunner wher I be 
got to." 

ONBELAVIN.— Obstinate. 

" That ther bwoy be got onbelavin an' wunt mind what I tells 'un zo I 
beagwaain to gie un a larrapin." 

OKKEPAAYSH IN '.— Work. 

"Ther yent no okhepaaysliin' vor a Want Ketcher Blewbury waay." 

ONCOMMON.— Used instead of «* very '' and «* extremely.*' 
"Them ship be a uncommon vine lot to be zure." 

ONDERVOOT.— Used thus : 

" The roads be slushy ondervoot to daay." 

ONE O'CLOCK.—** Like one o'clock " means " very quickly." 

" The awld herse stretched hiszelf out an' brought us whoam like 
one o'clock.** 

ONE WHILE. — For a long time to come. 

*• Ater what I zed to'n a wunt try to argy wi' I one n'hilc I warn.' 

ON ST. — Once, whenever. 

*^Onst I vinds the right ro-ad I warn I wunt lose my waay agin'.' 

'OOD.— Would. 

*' A ^ood come if a was axt." 

•OODST.— Wouldst, would you. 

•OOL, or WOOL.— Will. 

'OOMAN. — Woman. When ** awld " precedes 'ooman the ** d '* 
is carried on, and ** ^ootnan " is sounded " dooman." 

•OOMAN'S TONGUE.— Both the Aspen and Quaker Grass are 
given this name, because motion is caused by the lightest 
breeze, and so they are always on the move. 

'OOT, or 'OOLT.— Wilt thou, will you. 

•OOTENT.— Wilt thou not, will you not. 

ORNARY.— Common. 

*' I got zome tayters I be a-gwaain to zend to Shaw (/.^ ., to exhibit), 
thaay be quite out o* omaty like." 



Iti^ B^RksHiRE Words. 

ORTS. — Odd pieces. 

OURN.— Ours. 

OUT. — Result of an attempt. 

'* I zet un to do zome gardnin*, but 'a maayde but a poor out on't. 

OUT AN' OUT. — Wholly, entirely, beyond comparison. 
" I got out an' out the best o* the bargain wi' 'un." 

OUT AN* OUTER. — Something very extraordinary or pre- 
posterous ; one who does very extraordinary things. 

OUT-AXT. — When the Banns have been put up in Church for 
the third time, the couple are said to be out-axt. 

OUT-COME.— The result. 

OWLISH.— Sleepy, stupid. 

OXER.— A logget. 

A short thick stick with a lump of lead or iron at the end. 
A blow from a thick stick. 

OX-SLIPS. — The flowers of Cowslip roots as produced when 
these roots are planted upside down, and with cow-dung or 
soot around. The manure doubtless accounts for the tint 
produced. 



iiERksrtiRE WorDs. 128 



:• •• 



PAAM.— Palm. 

PAASNUPS, or PASMETS.— Parsnips. 

PAAST ALL.— Beyond. 

" The waay as a goes on be paast all puttin' up wi*. 

PAAY.— Prosper. 

" Zuch doins as them wunt paay.'' 

PAAYNCHES. — Broken pieces of crockery. 

PAAY-NIGHT. — The night on which farm labourers draw 
their weekly wages. 

PAAY OUT. — Common expression for * retaliate.' 

PADDLE. — A spud used for clearing the plough, when 
ploughing. 

PAM. — The knave of clubs at five-card loo. 

PANK.— Topant. 

*• Panting " is termed *'fankin\'' 

PANTNEY.— A pantry. 

PARLOUR. — The reception room in farm-houses was called 
the ** best parlour,'' 

PARSONS NOSE. — The tail joint of a goose, duck, or fowl. 

PARTLY. — Somewhat, am inclined to. 

" I partly thinks a wunt do't at all now a hev a-bin zo long about ut." 

PASSEL. — A number, a lot. The word is always used some- 
what contemptuously, " a passel o' vools." 

PAT. — Readily, without hesitation. 

'• When I taxt 'un wi' *t a tawld muh a lie pat.'* 

PAT-BALL. — A child's name for a ball, or for the simple game 
of throwing a ball from one to another. 

PATCHY. — Often and easily put out of temper. 



1^4 iSERksHiRE Words. 

PATER.— Peter. 

PATER GRIEVOUS.— One is so called who goes about with 
a melancholy face. 

PATTENS. — Sandals raised on iron frames worn by women to 
keep their shoes out of the dirt. 

PATTERN.— An example. 

" If I zees any moor zuch bad doins I'll maayke a pattern on *e." 

PATTY. — The familiar name for Martha. 

PAULS. — The expression as ** awld as St, Paul's " is used to 
denote great antiquity. 

St. PanVs is the best known of any of the •* zights o' Lonnon 
Town." 

PAUNCHY.— Stout. 

PAWLE.— A pole. 

PAX. — The school boys word for ** surrender '* or wishing to 
** make friends ** again. 

PEART. — Bright, full of Hfe ; also impudent. 

PEAZEN, or PAZE, or PE-AZ.— Peas. 

PE-AZ PORRIDGE.— Pea soup. 

PECK. — A pick-axe. 

PECKER.— Mouth ; visage. 

'* A bit down in the pecker *' means '* in bad spirits.'* 

PECKIN*.— Faultfinding. 

** She was alius A-peckin' an* yangin' at muh zo as I cood*nt bi 
wi' her no longer." 

PECKISH.— Hungry. 

PECK-UP. — To loosen ground with a pick-axe. 

PEE-BO. — The first game for. babies, consisting of alternately 
hiding and showing them the face. 

PEEK-ED, or PEEKY.— Thin in the face, as from iUness. 

*' A be a-lookin* maain peef^, med-be a wants moor me-at to yet." 

PEEL. — A long-handled implement for removal of loaves fro: 
an oven. 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 125 

PEEP-SHAW. — A paper case with glass over, filled by children 
with flowers pressed against the glass ; there is a paper lid 
which is raised for a ** pin a peep.** 

PEE-WHIT. — The Lap-wing, thus called from its note. 

"There is a primitive musical instrument made by boys called a 
fti'Whit; a small stick is split and an ivy leaf inserted, blowing on this 
produces a curious sound. 

PEFFLE. — In a nervous state ; in a condition of hurry and 
confusion. 

" A zimmed in zuch ^peffle as a did'nt knaw what a wasa-zaayin* on." 

PEG.— A pig. 
In " The Scouring of the White Horse '* we have — 

•* Then as zure as fegs is pegs 
Aayte chaps ketched I by the legs.'* 

"Pes' away" is a common encouraging phrase for ** commence 
eating," or ** eat heartily." 

PELT.— Temper. 

" I zimmed in a girt pelt about ut." 
^he skin of an animal. 
To throw. 

•' I zee the bwoys a peltin' the hens \vi' stwuns." 

* ^N— To prevent escape. 

" Ther be zome bwoys in the archut a-got at the apples, let zome on 
us go roun' t' other zide on 'um an' zo pen 'um.*' 

PEND.- Depend. 

PENNYWINKLE.— Periwinkle. 

^EPPER. — To strike with shot or a number of missiles at once. 
" I properly peppered a rabbut but a managed to crape into his hawle." 

^EPPERY.— Irascible. 

ERKY. — Assertive in manner, conceited, inclined to be saucy 
or impertinent. 

^^RTAAYTERS, or TAAYTERS.— Potatoes. 

^HZWAAYDIN*.— Repetition of invitation. 

" Now do 'e come an* zee us zoon, an' bring yer missus wi* *e, an* 
dwoant 'e want no perzwaaydin'.'* 

^-XJS. — Piece ; a field of arable land is so called* 



120 BERKSHIRE WORDS, 

PE-US O' WORK.— Fuss. 

" A maayde a ter'ble pe-us o' work when I tawld 'un as a cood'nt hev 
the donkey to-daay." 

PHAYBE, pronounced FABY.— Phoebe. 

PICK-A-BACK. — To go on another's back with arms round 
his neck and legs supported by his arms. 

PICK-ED. — Sharply pointed. 

" A run a pick-ed staayke into his voot." 

PICKLE. — A mischievous child. 

To have a " stick in lAckle " is to keep one ready to beat such a child. 

PIDDLE.— A small enclosed field, as the *' Church piddle " at 
Hampstead Norreys. 

PIES. — Fruit tarts of all kinds when cooked in dishes are so 
called, the word '' tart " being confined to the small open 
tarts. 

PIGEON'S-MILK. — It is a joke to send a child to a shop for 
a pennyworth of ^* pigeon's milk.** There are others of the 
same kind, such as sending it to its mother to tell her 
** to tie ugly up;** or to say that it will ** die after" having 
slightly scratched its finger. 

PIGEON Y. — Small pimples, showing specially at back of the 
neck in elderly people ; sometimes ailso called " goosey." 

PIGGIN* UT, or PEGGIN* UT.— Living in a very dirty 
way with poor surroundings. 

PIG.KE.UPIN\ or PEG-KE-UPIN\— Pigkeeping ; driving 
pigs to corn stubble and having whips to prevent them 
from straying ; this work is much appreciated by boj's. 

PIG Pl'ZZLE, or PEG PUZZLE.— A gate fixed to swing 
botli ways to meet a post, so that an animal pushing it from 
either side cannot get through. 

PIG-RING.— A game at marbles where a nng is made about 
four feet in diameter, and lx)ys ** shoot ** in turn firom any 
point in the circumference keeping such marbles as they 
may knock out of the ring, but losing their own " taw " if it 
should stop within. 

PINCH.— To l^ good '* at a ;»iitrA '* is to be ready of resource, 
or equal to any emergency. 

PINCH AND SCREW, — To try to avoid expenditure by 
extren.e carefulness and even meanness. 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 127 

PINCHERS.— Pincers ; the tails of an Earwig are called his 
'^pinchers:* 

PING. — The noise of any hard substance striking against 
metal. 

PINNER— A child's pinafore. 

" Pat on the childems' pinners avoor 'um zets down to taayble zo as 
"van want spile ther vrocks." 

PINS AN* NADLES. — ^The prickling sensation caused by 

returning circulation after any part has been benumbed. 
PINYON. — Belief in, opinion of, confidence in. 

" I ent got no pinyon o* that ther veller zence I knawed as a cabbaged 
zome o* my zeed taayters." 

PIP.— A small seed. 
A disease in poultry. 

PIT-A-PAT. — A noise as of treading quickly but rather lightly. 

PITCH.— To " Pitch Wuts " is to raise oats in the straw into 
a waggon by means of a coarse-grained prong ; the man 
who does this is called the '^pitcher" and the quantity of 
oats taken on the prong is called the '^Mch,'* The prong 
when constructed m a special way is called a ^^ pitch fork." 

PITCH AN' NOSTLE.— The game of * pitch and toss.' 

PITCH-PAWLE. — A very common sport with children, other- 
wise called " head over heels.'* 

PITCH PIPE. — A pipe used formerly in village churches to 
give the key-note for congregational singing. 

I^*HAWLE. — The grave is always so named to children. 

IT'S. — These are extremely common in fields in the ** Hill 
Country" of Berkshire. They owe their origin to the 
practice of sinking Wells or making excavations in order to 
obtain Chalk as a ** top-dressing " for the soil; the sub- 
sequent filling in caused pits to be formed. 

^^ AAYGUE.— A trouble. 

There is the expression *• What ^plaaygue the childern be," and to a 
child is often good-humouredly said, '* Thee be moor plaaygue 'n all 
my money." 

^^AAYGUEY.— Very extremely. 

"My awld *ooman be got plaayguey vond o' vinery to be zure." 

^Aay in.— Take your turn and join in. 



128 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

PLAAY-SHERP. — To get an advantage over another by some- 
what unfair and ungenerous action. 

PLAAY-UP.— Play with vigour. 

PLASTERED, — The common expression when clothes are 
coated with mud. 

■' Your trowsers be plattirtd an' I mas' hcv am dried avoor am can 

be brushed." 

PLATTER.— A plate or small dish. 

•' Jack Sprat cood yel no vai, 
His wile cood yet no le-an : 
An' zo belwint 'um bo-ath 

Thnay kep" ihe/la/Wf cle-iw." 

PLAZE GOD.— Very commonly inserted in a sentence or added 
to it. 

" I hopes, l-liiie God. as ther 'ool be a better vail o' lambs this year n 
Iher was laast.' 

PLEAZURIN', — Enjoying one's self, not working. 

" If a goes a-/J(a«»ri>i'aboul zo much a wunt be aayble to paay his 
waay much longer. 

PLUCK.— Courage. 
A part of the offal of a bird or animal. 

PLUM.— Level with. 

"The plank along Ihis zide yent /■liim wi' the one on t'other lide." 
PLYMMED. — Enlarged, swollen, expanded by damp or wet. 

"The leathern stmp be got fiyiamiit an' wunt work backerds an 
vorruds in the buckle no moor." 
Seeds are said to have •• plymmcd" when swollen ready lo 
sprout. 

POBBLE. — The noise made hy the bubbling of water when 

commencing to boil. 
POD.— A large slomacli. 

POKE. — Poke about, to look about inquisitively or with a view 
to pilfering: thus, if a person bo caught without lawful 
business in a place where hens would be likely to lay eggs 
he would be greeted by, " What be at poiiin' about yer." 

POKEY. — Insignificant, small, out of the waj'. 

" A zed aa he'd gi' rauh a good present an' awnly brought muh a 
pokiy Utile work-baakut.'' 

POLLARD.— The ground husk of wheat; medium size; is so 
called, the coarsest size being " bran " and the finest being 
" toppins," 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 121) 

POK\-Pond. 
POORLY.—Out of health. 

POORTMANKLE.— A portmanteau. 

POP.— To ''pop " a whip is to clang it. 
A ''pop on the yea4 '* is a blow on the head. 
To ''pop awaay " a thing is to secrete it hurriedly. 

POPPIN; about.— Applied to the frequent shooting of 
unskilful sportsmen. 

Moving quickly from one place to another near at hand. 

POSSUT. — A kind of gruel ; ** tracle-/(?s5tt/ '* and ** Inon-possut ** 
are considered excellent remedies for a cold. 

POSSEY. — A large number. 

"Ther ht^posuy o* volk gone to Vaair, to-day, to be zure." 

POSTER.— To strut. 

"To zee that ther chsip poster along, thee 'ood zay a was a Lerd ! '* 
('• Poster •* is pronounced to rhyme with •* coster " m **costermonger.'') 

^OSTERIN*.— Walking conceitedly, strutting. 

POTA-BILIN*. — Keeping continually in progress or in onward 
motion. 

pot-bellied.— Stout. 

POT-DUNG.— Farm-yard dung. 

OT-LUCK. — A meal without notice or much preparation. 

^T-LIQUOR. — Water in which meat has been boiled. 

^TSHERDS. — Broken pieces of earthenware. 

^*TER. — To busy one*s self about trifles ; to act in a 
shiftless way and without energy. 

^^I'TERIN* ABOUT.— Fidgetting or idling about to the 
detriment or annoyance of others. 

^ND. — To pummel with the fists. 

'^^ regards the arrangement in the ** Village Poutid '* for 
imprisonment of stray cattle, vide Tally. 

"^ ^ knock continuously with a stick or implement, so as to 
^ake as much noise as possible. 



i^f hf.%K%HtUZ WORDS. 

l'OWI>l';i< MOKN, - The flask for carrying gunpowder when 
i»lM^Hirig with a mu/z/AtAoading gun. 

l'n/J'J<, Sofn<rihing not easily overcome; a very puzzling 

I'KAAVIN' VOK. Wlkin a person is very wicked he is said 
(o Ik- •♦ pitilty nigh [last praayin' vor,^' 

PKI^CIODS. Very, extremely. 

" A lii4wl«K()t knockcul in the boat an' I precious nigh got drownded " 

I'KK'l TV. I» UHcd extensively and somewhat curiously, thus: 

** hssiMiU (h«m thar belU go prettv?'* 

"Thrp bint u /r#Mv 'un the« bist " (said sarcastically or ccn- 

*' il A ilwimnt comti wt) sHaU be in a prttty bad mess." 
Noi >, *rht^ tifHl Hyllablc of '' pretty*' rhymes with *' fret." 

rUMlY VKAT. Middling quantity, a fairly^ soflBcicnt 
nuu\lH^v \n nuiiutity* 



^'K) \l'x Thix^ Wayiixi; c^nls of diCferenl suits bat cbe sasie 



s Vii ^ ^ -k ^'ih^ .w y*^ :ilit rW. ^ :ms ji«^ :wdk. ^^ur L k 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. l8l 

PROPER. — Expresses magnitude. 

" A proper lot o' pegs," means a large number of pigs. 

** A proper hidin'/* means a severe whipping. 

" A proper scamp *' is a thoroughly bad character. 

PUCKER, — In a confused state. 

"If e maaykes a pucker o' things like this yer agin zomebody else 
med put 'um to rights vor 'e vor I wunt." 

PUCKERED.— Confused ; wrinkled. 

•* Puckered " as regards a dress is the same as " gathered." 

PUDDENY. — A child is thus called when its cheeks are very 
large and project forward. " Pudden-vaayced '* is similarly 
used. 

PUDDEN-YEAD.— One having a stolid stupid look. 

PUFF BALLS.— Fungi full of light dusty matter. 

PUG. — The name by which a ferret is always called when 
required to come to hand. 

PULLED-DOWN. — Reduced in condition by illness or 
melancholy. 

PULLY-HAWLLY.— The word given to men to pull hard 
and all together. 

PULL UP.— To stop. 

To summons before a court of law. 

•• A was pulled up once vor stalin' turmuts." 

PUMMEL.— To beat with the fist. 
PUR, or PAAIR. — A pair ; a pear. 

•• ril gie *e a bushel o' purs vor ^ pur o* boots." 

PURLER. — A tumble head over heels ; a fall from a horse. 

" My herse stopped shert at the ditch, an' I went a purler awver his 
yead." 

PUSS. — A purse. 

" What a life t'ood be to us, 
Wife at whoam an* child to nuss ; 
Not a penny in the/u55 

Smart young oach'lers." 

PUSSY-CATS.- The bloom of the nut-tree. 

PUT.— To find the best market for. 

" I alius zells my herses bettern 'n thee acause I knaws wher to put 
um better." 



182 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

PUT ABOUT. — Disturbed as regards one*s ordinary arrange- 
ments ; ruffled in temper. 

" she zimmed a goodish bit /»/ about 'acause I happened to ketch 
her a-workin' at the wash-tub." 

PUT BY.— To save, to hoard. 

'* I vinds I can't put by no money in thaze yer hard times.'* 

PUT ON. — ** To be piU on " is to be made to do more than one 
fairly should. 

** To put OH " is to give one's self airs. 
PWOSTISSES.— Posts. 
PYANNER.— Apiano. 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 188 



Q 

QUAAYKER GRkCE.— Vide Shiver Grace. 
QUAG, or QUAGGLE.—To shake. 

•* Cant 'e veel this yer boggy ground quag as us walks awver 't." 

QUAMES.— Qualms. 

QUANDAIRY.— A predicament; a fix. 

" I be in a gurt quanddiry, an* zo be come to ax 'e to tell I what to do." 

QUANE. — The title of Her Majesty is so pronounced. 

QUARREL. — A small diamond shaped pane of glass as fixed 
in cottage windows. 

QUAT. — Used sometimes instead of *' squat." 

QUATCH. — To keep absolute silence as regards a certain 
subject, whether that subject may be mooted before one, or 
whether others may try to extract information respecting it. 

QUEASY.— Rather sick. 

" I was a bit quta^ this mamin', an' zo led in bed till ater breakvast." 

QUEER-STRATE.— In a difficulty ; in trouble. 

•• Thee '11 vind theezelf in QMet-strate if 'e dwoant be moor keervul 
what 'e be a-tawkin about." 

QUICKS. — The young cuttings planted to form a quickset 
hedge. 

QUID. — To suck vigorously. 

QUILT. — To swallow a lump of something with very palpable 
distension of the throat. 

To whip. 

QUILTIN'. — A beating. It may have been observed that the 
number of words relative to corporal punishment is large, 
indicating that in by-gone days it was perhaps not usual 
*' to spare. the rod and spoil the child." 



184 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

QUIRK. — To make a noise as from pain. 

QUOD.— To put in jail. 

" As zure as ever I ketches e in my archut agin 111 quod 'e.' 

QUOP.— To throb. 

'* I can veel as the donkey quofs, zo a beant de-ad it." 



DERKSHIRE WORDS. 185 



R 

RAAIL-HURDLES. — Another name for Sparred Hurdles. 

RAAINY DAA Y.— A day of trouble or need. To " put a little 
by vor a raainy day^^ is to save money. 

RAAYRE, or RUR.— Underdone. 

*' OoU 'e hev a slice well done or raayr$ ?" 

Excellent. 

" I hev got zome raayrt craps o* turmuts this year." 

RABBIN RED BRE-AST.— The Robin is thus called in full, 
and not simply ** a Robin." 

RABBUT 'E.— A mild form of imprecation. 

RABBUT'S-STOP.— A rabbit's hole of short length, con- 
taining a rabbit's nest formed of her ** vleck," and the 
young rabbits. 

RABBUTTIN*.— Going in pursuit of rabbits with ferrets and 
nets, and perhaps a gun also. 

RACK AN' RUIN.— In great disrepair. 

Racket, or RACKUT. — Fuss, disturbance, upset. 

•' If 'e disturt'fs any o* his things a 'ooU maayke a gurt rackut when a 
comes whoam.*' 

RACKETTY. — Full of spirits, and perhaps with a liking for 

practical jokes.'' 

" A be a quiet awld man now, but vorty years ago I minds 'un as the 
mwoast racketty chap in our perts.*' 

RACK-HURDLES. — Hurdles of substantial lathing or split 
wood ; these are made by carpenters ; there are uprights 
placed at such distances apart that a sheep can just put 
his head thiough to obtain the food enclosed. 

RACKIN'.— Throbbing with pain. 

*' My yead s a-rarA/n* zo as I can't spake to e." 

RACK-UP. — To close the stables for the night after littering 
the horses and giving them their " vead." 

" Rackitt* up time " marks the conclusion of the days' work for 
carters and carter-boys. 



186 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

RADICAL. — Used generally as a term of reproach. 

*• That little chap be a proper young Radical^ a wunt do nothun* his 
mother tells un." 

RAFTY.— Rancid. 

RAG. — Is commonly used in combinations, thus : one's dress is 
said to be in ** rags an' tatters " when very much torn or 
worn into holes. 

" Not a rag to put on " is a phrase used by a woman signifying only 
that she has no dress suitable for the occasion in question. 

" Tag, rag, an' bobtaail " refers to the lowest class of the community, 
who may have no regular calling or work." 

RAG-A-MUFFIN. — A troublesome or mischievous little boy. 

RAG-BAG. — A large bag hung up in the kitchen of a farm- 
house to receive odd pieces of linen and cuttings from 
calico, &c. This ^^ rag-bag'* is resorted to in case of a cut 
finger, or in any of the numerous instances where the 
contents are useful. 

RAGGIN\~A scolding. 

RAKERS ATER. — The women who rake up what may be left 
behind by the Pitchers at barley cart, oat cart, or hay cart. 

RAMPAAYGE.— A wild temper. 

" A be in a vrightvul rampaayge about what 'e hev a-done to 'un.*' 

To give vent to one's anger very audibly. 

" Rampaaygious " and " Rampaaygin* about " are also commonly used 

RAM PIN*. — A crazy longing. 

RAMSHACKLE. — So much out of repair as to be tumbling to 

pieces. 

•* That ther bem be got zo ramshackle I me-ans to pull 'un down an* 
build a new *un." 

RANDIN'.— Piece-meal. 

RANNEL. — Hungry to excess, voracious. 

RANTERS. — A religious sect mustering somewhat strongly in 
some neighbourhoods is so called ; they are fervid and 
demonstrative in their services. 

RASCALLY. — Scampish. 

" A rascally chap like that ther got no business to be wi' we as yams 
a honest livin'." 

RASTLE, or WRASTLE.— To wrestle. 

" If 'e thinks 'e be a man I'ooll rastlc 'e vor a quart." 



BERKSHIRB WORDS. 187 

RAT IT. — To run away quickly (a cant term). 

RATTLE. — One who talks continually and rather frivolously. 

RATTLETAP. — Very poor beer. It is sometimes described as 
" Taaystin' o* the water." 

RATTLETRAP.— A worn-out, poor-looking carriage. 

RATTLER. — Something very excellent. 

•* You did'nt like the whale-barrer I maayde vor 'e avoor, but I hev 
maayde 'e a rattler this time." 

A great he. 

A very common name for a cart-horse. 

RAWLLY - PAWLLY PUDDEN. — A pudding made by 
spreading jam on dough and rolling over and over. 

RAY, or RAA. — Raw (cold, damp weather). 

RAYLE.— Real. 

RECKON.— Expect ; think. 

RED-LAAYNE. — The throat. Generally used to and by 
children. 

RED WE-AD.— Poppies are so called. 

REFTERS. —A field of ploughed land is sometimes called a 
** pe-us o' refters.*' 

RENSE.— To rinse. 

RENT. — To let. One says ** I rents my me-ad to a butcher." 

RESPECTABLE.— All of the lower middle class are so styled. 

*^EVEL.— An annual village merry-making, as Chapel Row 
'* Revfir 

R^EUMATTICS.— Rheumatism. 

^'CHUT.— Richard. 

^^CK, or WRICK.— To sprain. 

" I ricked my thumb a liftin* a zack o' be-ans." 

^^ick^' is always used for Stack ; we speak of a "haay-nV^," a 
•* hurley -rick,** &c. 

A nV^-clath ** is a waterproof sheet placed over the top of a 
rick to keep out the wet until such time as the rick may be 
thatched. 



u 



138 , BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

RICKUTTY.— Having parts loose and out of order. 

'* That ther chaair be rickutty, best hev 'un done avoor a comes right 
to pe-usses.'* 

RICK YERD. — Attached to all farm homesteads, being the 
place where ricks are made. 

RIDDLE. — A sieve of large mesh. 

To sift. 

" Riddle that ther barley a bit to get the dust out OD*t." 

RIDE. — A cutting in a wood for shooting purposes. 
RIG. — An eccentric frolicsome deed. 
RIGHTVUL.— Just. 

" He hev a-got his rightvul dues at last.*' 

RIGHT ZIDE.— To place a thing ''right side upperds," is to 
stand it straightly and properly when it may have been 
before upside down. 

To get the right zide of a person is to work on a weak point, or 
at a favourable opportunity. 

RIGHTS.— Justice. 

" We shan't never get rights athout us tells 'un zackly how 'tis.*' 

To Rights means, ** in order." 

" Our house hev never a-bin to rights zence Meary went awaay." 

RIGMARAWLE. — A detailed uninteresting story, often 
disconnected and not quite easy to comprehend. 

RILED. — Annoyed ; made angry. This word is commonly 
used in Berkshire, but seems general. 

RIME.— Hoar frost. 

RINE.— Rind. 

RING. — To ''ring the Pigs" is to have a ring placed through 
the snout, to prevent them from doing damage in fields and 
gardens by routmg up the ground in searching for what 
has been planted. 

The game of marbles, ** ring-taw," is commonly called ** ring " 
for short. There is also the game of marbles called 
** big-rmg." 

'' To ring the baze " is to hammer with a stone on a watering 
can or iron shovel when a swarm takes place. Vid$ Chbrm. 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 189 

RINK. — A trick, a dodge. 

" That ther bwoy be vnll o' rinks an' ther yent no gettin' upzides 
wi' 'un." 

RIP.— To reap. 

*' To plough an' to maw, 
An* to rip an' to zaw, 
An' to be a vermer's bwoy-oy-oy." 

(Old Berkshire song.) 

To split off bark or covering. 

To split wood with the grain. 

A worthless animal or person, it is generally preceded by 
" awld." 

RIP-HOOK.— A sickle. 

RIPPER.— Something very excellent. 

" That ther herse o* youm be a regular ripper.*' 
A lie. 

An extraordinary anecdote or story. 
A reaper. 

RIPPIN'. — Very, extremely. It is often followed by ** good." 
" That ther was a rippin' good kern-bin as a maayde vor I." 

RISE.-The mist rising from a marsh or river." 

" Zee what a rise ther be to-night down in the Kennut Me-ads." 

RISH.~A rush. 

" If thee goes at the ditch wi' a risk thee 'ooll get au^-er all right." 

ROCK. — The small blue wild pigeon. 

ROD HURDLES. — Hurdles made of brushwood. Vide 
Vlaavke Hurdles. 

ROLLAKY.— Boisterous. 

" Ther was a lot o' rollaky chaps maaykin' a nize in the strit las 
night zo as I cood'nt get no slape." 

ROMPSIN'.— Romping. Rough play. 

" A-rompsin' Molly on the haay." 

(Old song.) 

RONK. — Rank. ** Rank grace " is ** sour grass.'' 
Rancid, putrid. 

ROOM. — In place of. 

** I hawpes as ell gie I time to myself to-morrer in room o' the 
a¥rver-time as I done to-daay." 



140 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

ROOPY.— Hoarse. 

•• I got a cawld isterdaay an' be maain roopy this marnin'.** 

ROORER. — A horse afifected in the wind which makes a 
roaring noise internally when hurried or frightened. 

ROORIN'.— Very great, excellent. 

ROPY. — Underdone pie crust or bread is thus described. 

ROUGH. — To roHgh a horse is to turn the extremities of the 
shoes in order to prevent slipping when the roads are 
frozen. 

ROUGH MUSIC. — The beating of pots and pans and other 
discordant noises made in a ** Hoosset Hunt." 

ROUNDERS. — A game with a hard ball, each player throwing 
it at any other as he may happen to get it. 

ROUNDLY. — Very openly, fully and plainly. 

*' I telled 'un roundly what I thate about his doins." 

ROUSER. — A loud explosion. 

" '£ must hev lo-aded yer gun heavy, a went afif a vrightvul rovifr.** 

There is also ** Rousin.*' A ** rousin " clap of thunder is a very 
loud clap. 

ROUSETT, or ROWETT.— Rank dry grass. 

RUBBIN STWUN.— Bath brick or sand stone. 
RUBBLE. — A species of hard chalk. 

RUCK. — To rub, so as to roughen or bruise the surface. 

*• Ther be a darn in my stockun* as hev rucked my heel vurry bad." 

RUCKUT.— To disturb by poking with a stick or other 
implement. 

" Ther be a rat got under the boordin', len' us yer stick zo as I can 



•4 II 



ru<kut 'un out on t. 

RUCKUTTIN'.— A noise made as by animals scratching 
boards. 

•* The rats kep' I awaayke by the rnckuttin' thaay maayde in the 

roof." 

RUCTION.— A disturbance. 
Wind on the stomach. 

RUDDLE. — The red paint used for marking sheep after sheep- 
shearing. 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 141 

RUDGE-VVAAY. — A road of ancient times, still to be traced 
by its banks over the Berkshire Downs. 

RUFFLED. — Put out of temper somewhat. 

RUIN AAYTION.— Ruin. "Ruinaayted" is used for ** ruined." 

RUM, or RUMMY. — Curious, uncommon; somewhat un- 
satisfactory. 

" Eil vind ut pretty rum when 'e gets lo town wi' no money in yer 
pocknt.*' 

RUMBUSTICAL. — Opposing, obstructive, swaggering. 

RUMMAGE. — To search hastily, turning things about and 
leaving them in disorder, as when going to a drawer 
with miscellaneous contents, to find something. 

RUMPUS.— A disturbance. 

*' When the Missas zees how thee hast rummaged that ther drawer 
aboat, ther *ooll be a rumpus I can tell 'e.'* 

RUMPLE. — To disorder with the hands. 

'* A rumfkd her haair an' she zes she wunt never spake lo 'un no 



moor.'* 



RUN. — The track of an animal made by repeated usage, as a 
hare's " run.'* 

RUNG, or RONG. — A spar or bar of a ladder. 

RUSHLIGHT. — A small and inferior kind of candle formerly 
always used by farm servants and in cottages. 

RUSTY.— Out of temper. 

RUSTY BAAYCON. — Bacon turned rancid and yellow. 

RUTS. — Deep tracks made by wheels in country roads. 

RUTTIN*-TIME. — The spring time with deer. 



142 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 



S 

The letter ** S " w profwunced as " Z '' when followed by A, E, I, O, 
U, Y, and W. All words commencing thus are therefore transferred 
accordingly. 

In tnany other cases also the sound of " S *' «5 roughened so as closely to 
approximate to that of ** Z," hut this roughening varies greatly even 
amongst persons in the same village, and is not thought to warrant the 
substitution of " Z " for " S " in the Glossary. 

SCAAYLE. — To weigh. 

To strip off the surface coating. 

SCALLIONS. — Old onions replanted the second year. 

SCAMBLE. — To run hastily and irregularly. 

SCANDALOUS. — Very extensively used for "very great" in 
a disparaging sense. 

" Ut be scandalous work to hev to dig up ground as be zo stwuney." 

SCAUT. — To dig one's heels into the ground so as to resist 
being pushed or forced from where one is standing. 

" I took 'un by the scruff o' the neck, but a scauted zo as I cood'nt 
but jus' get 'un out o* the door." 

A horse is said to scant, when in drawing a heavy load down a 
steep hill he from time to time digs in his feet to stop the 
cart behind him from gaining pace and pushing power. 

SCHISM SHAPS.— Those belonging to the Church of England 
thus sometimes style other places of worship in a village 
than the Parish Church. 

SCHOLARD.— One educated. 

" I beant no scholard, zur, but I hawpes to hev zome schoolin' vor my 
childern." 

SCHOOLIN*.— Education. 

SCOOP. — A wooden shovel as used for shovelling corn after it 
is threshed* 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 148 

SCOOR.— (Rhyming with •* moor/') 

To cut lightly across as with the skin of pork for roasting. 
Vide Scotch. 

Twenty pounds weight. 

SCOTCH. — To score. Vide Scoor. 

SCOUR. — To purge. 
Diarrhoea in cattle and sheep. 

SCRAAYPE. — An arrangement for the destruction of birds in 
severe weather. Scraaypes are of two kinds, the first is an 
old door supported by a stick imder which corn is placed^ 
and the stick being pulled by a long string the door falls on 
the birds. The second is made by placing corn where snow 
has been swept away, and the birds, when congregated, are 
shot in numbers, bemg enfiladed along the ** scraaype.'' 

SCRABBLE. — To move out the hands as if to reach something. 
To make clutchings with the hands. 

The expression " Us hopes to scrabble along somehow," is often used 
in hard times, and means ** We hope to make shift till better times come." 



SCRAG. — A piece of tough and shrivelled meat. 

SCRIMMAGE. — A harmless fight, arising hastily, conducted 
confusedly, and soon at an end. 

SCROOP. — ^To make a noise, as with a gate turning on rusty 
hinges. 

Scroopettin' is the noise made when anything scroops. 

SCROW. — Angry looking ; perhaps related to ** scrowl." 
" A looked maain screw when I tawld 'un what I'd a-done." 

SCROWGE. — To squeeze ; to huddle together. 

A village school mistress of by -gone days would say, " What be all 
you childem a scrowgin* on that ther vorm vor, when ther be another 
*an handy vor zome on 'e?" 

SCRUFF. — The hair on the back of the neck. 

*• If e' hawldsa rat by the scrujf a can't never bite *e." 

SCRUMP.— To bite with a noise. 

*• That ther yent the waay to yet lollipops, e' should zuck 'um an* not 
scmmp "um." 

The crackling of pork. 
SCRUNCH,— To crush between the teeth* 



144 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

SCRUNCH LIN'. — An apple stunted in growth and wrinkled. 
A scrunchlin' is very sweet in flavour. 

SCUT. — The tail of a rabbit or hare. 

SCUTTLE. — To run away with short quick steps. A squirrel 
is said to scuttle up a tree. 

SHAAYKES. — A person or thing is said to be *' no gurt 
sliaayhesy' when of little consideration or account. 

SHAAYVER. — A term rather disparagingly applied to a boy. 
" That ther young shaayver hev a-bin up to mischuf agin." 

SHAG-GED. — Rough and unkempt. 
Shaken. 

SHAKKETTY. — Loose and shaky from want of repair. 

Shakketty is applied to implements, whereas ramshackle is 

applied to buildings. 

" The box o' the chaff-cutter be all shakketty an* I mas* get a bit o* 
boord an' mend 'un." 

SHAM AAYBRAHAM. — Shamming sickness. 

" Ther beant nothun* the matter wi 'n, ut be awnly Sham Aaybraham/' 

SHAMMAKIN' — Walking in a slouching ungainly manner and 
with the air of being ashamed of one's self. 

*' I zin in SL-shammakin* along down the laayne up to no good 1*11 



warn 'e." 



SHANKS' MAAYRE.— By walking. 

" If zomebody dwoant gie I a lift I shall hev to go to town on shanks* 
maayrey 

SH AT.- Shalt. 

" If thee brother Willum wont do 't vor muh thee shaty 

SHAT-BAG. — The leathern shot pouch carried with muzzle 
loading guns. 

SHATTENT.— Shalt not. The negative form of " shat." 

" Thee shatUnt I tells *e, an' zo tent no zart o' good to argify no 
vurder." 

SHAW- AFP. — To give one's self airs ; to act affectedly ; also 
applied to a horse when prancing about. 

SHAY, or SHAA.— A shaw. 

Applied to a small coppice or double hedgerow containing 
timber trees as well as underwood. 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 145 

SHEALIN'. — A rough lean-to slielter-shed, open in front. 

SHEEN IN'. — Working with a threshing machine. 

" He hev a-bin awaay skeenin', an' uxint come whoam vor moor nor a 
wake it.'* 

SHED.— Should. 

" I dw-oant knaw what us shed do wi'out our Hill." 

SHEK, or SHAAYKE. — To shake. 

" Hawld yer gun steady, be zure as a dwoant sh(k.'' 

SHEKEL. — A sickle or reap-hook is sometimes so called. 

SHEKKY, or SHAAYKY.— Dilapidated, ready to fall. 

In bad health. 

Doubtful, not quite to be believed. 

'* The stawry as a tawld I about at zimmed maain shaayky." 

SHELFY. — ^Applied to one who is getting old and remains 
unmarried. 

SHEPHERD. — A man who is a shcphrd has that title prefixed 
to his surname, his christian name being dropped : thus we 
speak of '* Sheplurd Savory," ''Shepherd Vidler." 

SHERP.— To sharpen. 

•• Shnp this knife vor I'ooll 'e." 

SHERPS. — ^The shafts of a waggon or cart. 
SHERP-ZET.- Extremely hungry. 
SHERT. — The reverse of tough. 

" Thaze yer young radushes bites nice an* shert.'^ 

Curt. 

** A was out o' temper an' maain shert when I wanted to spake wi'n." 

SHEWELL. — A scarecrow, an arrangement on a stake to 
frighten birds, but not necessarily the figure styled the 
" hodmedod." 

SHICK-SHACK-DAAY. 

•• The twenty -ninth o* Maay 
Shick'Shack-daay.'* 

Oak leaves are worn in the button hole up to twelve noon, and 
should any boys appear without these they get pinches from 
the others. 

After twelve noon the oak is discarded and ash leaves are 
worn until sunset* 

b 



110 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

SHILLY-SHALLY1N\— Acting with indicision. A mother 
will keep her daughter out of the way of a man she may 
think is shilly'Shallyin\ . 

SHIMMY. — A chemise. 

SHINDY. — A noisy little quarrel or disturbance ; a fuss. ** To 
kick up a shindy'' is the phrase usually adopted with respect 
to this word. 

SHIP. — Sheep in both singular and plural. 

SHIP DIPPIN'.— Washing the coats of sheep to cleanse the 
wool before sheep shearing. 

SHIP-SNOUT TREE. — The name given an apple tree bearing 
a rather small favourite eating apple, the tail of the apple 
bears resemblance to a sheep's snout. 

SHIRKY.— Not to be depended on. ''Shirkin' about" is 
prowling about with dishonest intentions. 

SHIRTY. — Angry, enraged. 

SHIVER-GRACE. — A kind of grass set in motion by the least 
breath of air, sometimes known as Quaayker Grace. 

SHOCK. — A few sheaves of corn placed together in the field, 
so that the ears and straw may dry in the sun before the 
rick is formed. 

To SHOCK-UP is to form the sheaves into shocks. 

To SHOCK OFF is to break off. 

SHOCKIN' BAD.— Ordinarily used for "very bad." 

*' Ther 'ull be a shockin had crop o* tormuts if us dwoant get zome 
raain." 

SHOE-MOUSE. — The shrew-mouse, or long-nosed field mouse, 
found about disused cart-ruts and meadows generally. 

SHOOT. — Used instead of " shot " when applied to the firing of 
a gun. 

" I killed dree sparrers at a shoots 

To ** shoot " a horse out of a cart is to unharness and take it 
out of the shafts. 

SHOP, or SHAP. — " To go to 5/mi/>," is to make purchases at 
the village shop after the weekly pay-night of farm labourers. 

SHOP-BREAD. — Baker's bread as distinguished from home- 
made bread. It is esteemed a treat by those who usually 
eat bread of their own making. 



BKRKSHIRE WORDS. 1-47 

SHOWL. — A shovel, to shovel. 

"Shou4 up the whate into a hape." 

SHRAMMED.— Benumbed with cold. 

•* Let I come to the vire, I be so shrammtd a bidin' zo long in the 
kert." 

SHROUDED. — A tree is said to be shrouded when branches 
are lopped off it as it stands. 

SHROVIN*. — Children go round the principal houses in the 
village on Shrove Tuesday singing the rhyme noted in the 
introduction with other local rhymes. 

SHUCK and SHUG. — Repeated several times as a call for pigs 
to come and be fed. 

SHUCK-DOWN.— A hastily made up bed. 

SHUMMED, or SHAAYMED, or SHEAMED.— Ashamed. 

SHUM-VAAYCED.— Looking awkwardly shy. 

SHUT, or SHET. — To get shut of a person or thing is to be 
well rid thereof. 

" A went on a-tellin' I zuch stupid things as I was glad to get shut 



on 'in." 



SHUT IN.— Close. 

*' The daays shuts in arly at this time o' year." 

SHUVVY-HAWLE.— A boys' game at marbles. A small hole 
is made in the ground and marbles are pushed in turn with 
the side of the first finger, these are won by the player 
pushing theni into the ^^shnvvy-hawleJ' 

SHY. — To " plaay shy'' or to ** vight shy " is to avoid. 

SKELLIN'. — A lean-to shed from a main building or a wall, 
sometimes called Shealin also. 

SKERLUT.—Scarlet. 

SKESS. — Scarce. 

•• Patridges be oncommon skcss acause o' the wet bradin' ze-a-zon." 

SKEWT, or SKEWT-WISE.- Aslant, crossing. 

" Them vloor-boords be led down all shcu:t, e' maunt naail 'um to the 
jists like that ther." 

SKIMMER. — A cook*s, ladle for removing surface matter from 
anything boiling. 

" Praay, mother, gie I zome dinner, 
Eltie I'll knock *e down wi' the shimnur.'" 

Old Nursivy Rhyme, 



148 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

SKIMMER-CAAYKE.— A flat pudding made with surplus 
dough, eaten with butter and sugar. 

SKIMPIN'. — Small, insignificant. 

" I be maain hungry, vor all a gin I vor dinner was a skimpin' bit o' 
baaycon." 

SKIM-PLOUGH.— To plough, so as to move the soil but 
little in depth. This kind of ploughing is so light as often 
not to turn the soil over. 

SKIMPY. — Stingy, begrudging. 

"If'e be zo sAtmny touards we, none on us wunt gie thee not hun* 
when us has got ut." 

SKIN-DAPE. — Not seriously affecting one. 

" His trouble be awnly skin-dape, an' he*ll be hiszelf agin in a wake." 

SKINNY.—Lean, thin. 

SKITTLES. — Always played with four large heavy pins, and 
the wooden ball is thrown and not rolled. 

SKITTY. — Not to be depended upon. 
Inconstant. 
Lively, freakish. 

SKRIMPY. — Niggardly, small and poor in quantity (almost 
similar in meaning to Skimpy). 

SKRUNGE. — To squeeze hardly together. 

" I skruHged the rat atwixt two boords an' zo killed 'un." 

SKUG. — A squirrel is thus called. 

SLAB. — The outside irregular slice of timber (inside which is 
sawn boards or planks) is named the '* slab.'' 

Any short piece of thick planking is also called a " slab'' 

SLACKUMTWIST. — An untidy, slatternly woman. 

SLAD. — A low lying strip of land between two hills. Many 
villages and farms have a ^^slad.** 

SLAER, or SLIAR.— A sly look. 

" I itn her gie 'un a sUur as maayde muh think aa 'um had a-cin one 
*nuth«r avoor.** 

8hut with a great noise» 

I*«--Slouchin9» 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 149 

SLAP. — Fully; precisely; unreservedly. 

" The stwuo hit I slap on the yead." 

•• A veil slap down." 

Slap-mp is ' excellent ' (common). 

SLAPE-MOUSE.— The dormouse. 

SLAPEY. — Sleepy, applied to fruit which has not much juice. 
There is a kind of pear called the ** slapey pear." The flat 
taste and want of juice styled '* slapey'' sometimes arise from 
decay at the core. 

SLAPEY-YEAD. — A term of reproach applied to one who 
shows little energy. 

SLAPPIN.' — Very great; much to be appreciated. 

••We shall hev a slappin' lot o' graaypes on our graaype-tree this 
year." 

SLASH. — A blow with a whip ; a cut with a knife. 

SLASHIN.'— Dashing, large. 

"The man had ro-ast bafe vust an' a slashin' gurt plum pudden 
ater 't." 

SLAW-WORM. — The blind worm — deemed venomous. 

SLICK. — Completely, thoroughly, entirely. 

*'That ther awld vixen gin the houns the go-by agin slick.'* 

SLICKUT.— A thin slice. 

SLINK. — To drag the hind quarters heavily. 

"The dogs hev had hard work to daay, zee how thaay slinks." 

SLIP. — A slip of a girl is a girl hardly arrived at womanhood. 
A woman's or child's under garment. 
A covering for a pillow. 

SLIP-ON.— To don quickly. 

SLIPPETIN*. — Going along quickly and without noise on 
treading. 

SLIPPY.— Slippery. 

To be slipfy is to make haste. 

SLIP-SHAD.— Untidy; incomplete. 
SLIT.— A rent. 

" OoU 'e plaze mend a slit in my kwut." 

SLITHERY.— Slippery as from grease. 
SLOGKUT.— To commit a petty theft ; to pilfer. 



150 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

SLOP. — Dirt. One who comes Into the house with dirty boots 
is said to make a slop all over the place. 

To slop work is to do it badly and incompletely. 

SLOUCH. — A man is so called who does not do a fair amount 
of work. 

SLUCK-A-BED. — An idle person who lies in bed late in the 
morning. Sluck may possibly be a corruption of " slug " or 
** sloth.*' When anyone lies in-bed late, boys will commonly 
sing— 

•• Sluck-a-bcd, sluck-a-bcd, Barley Butt, 
Yer yead be zo heavy 'e can't get up." 

SLUDGE. — Snow partly melted and forming snow-mud. 

•• Sludge 'ooll get droo* yer boots an* maayke yer vit wet when nothun' 
else wunt." 

SLUMMACK. — A dirty, disreputable looking person. 

SLUMMAKIN*. — Used sometimes for Slammakin'. 

SLUSH. — Soft mud as where sheep have been driven along a 
wet road. Roads thus dirty are said to be ** slushy J' 

SMACK. — Fully, completely ; often used similarly to Slap. 
•• A slipped an' veil down smack,'* 

SMACKIN*.— Very large. 

" Ther* be zome smackin' big apples on our tree." 

SMALL-BEER. — Weak beer ranking after **aayle." Any- 
thing poor or insignificant is said to be ** vurry small beer,'' 

SMASH. — A complete breakage ; a heavy resounding fall. 
" A let the tay-pot \*all an* broke 'un all to smash." 

SMERTISH. — Rather great, somewhat important. 

** A smertish bwoy '* means a boy of good growth and size. 

•* r^i N'ound ft smfrtisk lot o* patridges on the brows, but none at all 
down in the bottoms.*' 

Prcttv well in health. 

'* My lumbftnyico be gone, an* I be smertisk agin now.*' 

SMIRK*— To junile as trying to currj- favour. 

SMOCK.— The " smock-frock " is so called alwaj-s. It is the 

MHir gtrmmt of carters^ carter boys, and some form 

1SD^«-* Mild looktog ; often applied also 
limilluattsly or disparagingly. 
a«a |w•I^^NHn«Mf a be a bad chap/* 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 151 

SMUDGED.— Besmeared. 

" The bwoy*s vaayce be all smudged wi' jam." 

SMUG.- Secret. 

" Mind e' kips smug about what I jus' telled 'e." 

SMUTS. — Small pieces of soot flying about and settling on 
things, called *' blacks " also. 

SNAAILS'-PAAYCE.— Advancing very slowly. 
SNACK. — A small piece, a small quantity. 
SNAPPER. — To crackle, to make a sharp short sound. 

SNATCH.— A small quantity. 

" I got jus* a snatch of breakvus avoor I sterted, an' that's all I had to 
yet to-daay." 

SNE-AD. — The main pole of a scythe. 

SNICKER.— To sneer. 

" If 'e snickers at I I'ooll maayke 'e laugh t'other zide o'yer mouth." 

SNICKS. — Shares, halves. 

SNIGGER. — To laugh in a silly way. 

SNIFFLE. — To make a noise when inhaling through the nose. 
A dog is said to sniffle at a rat ho^e when smelling to know 
if there be a rat there. 

SNIP. — There is the expression, "she 'ood zaay snip to his 
snap,'* i,e,, "she would readily accept an offer of marriage 
from him." 

SNIVEL. — The noise a child makes when commencing to cry 
before breaking out loudly. 

SNOCK. — To give a downward blow on the head or top of 
anything. 

" A alius snocfts the candle to put 'un out zo's 'e can't light *un agin." 

SNOOZLE-DOWN.— To nestle down as a child does to go to 
sleep. 

SNOUL. — A thick piece. 

" Thee hev gin I a snoul o* baaycon an' no mistaayke." 

SPAAYDE. — The gummy deposit at the corner of the eye. 

SPADGER.— A sparrow. 

SPAKIN'- VINE.— The attempt to speak otherwise than in the 
dialect (in town fashion). 



162 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

SPAN KIN*. — Very rapid ; very great ; very numerous. 

*' We was a comin' along at a spankin* raayte." 

SPARKLES. — Large sparks of fire or small burning pieces ol 
wood or straw fl5ring upward. 

SPARRED- HURDLES.— Hurdles made of shaved wood, 
morticed and nailed. Vide also Raail-Hurdles. 

SPARRER-GRACE.— Asparagus. 

SPAT. — A slight blow in the face with the open hand. 

SPECKS. — Suspects; expects; spectacles. 

SPEELS. — Small pieces of light matter on fire floating in the 
air. 

SPELL. — A space of time. 

SPET.— To spit. 

SPIFLICAAYTED. — Thoroughly confused; at one's wits end. 

SPIKE-BIT.— The carpenter's *< centre bit.'' 

SPILE. — The vent peg of a beer barrel. 
To spoil. 

SPILL. — A paper pipe-light ; a fall from a horse. 

SPLATTERED.— Splashed. 

•* How did'st get thee kwut all splattered wi* mud ? " 
SPLENDAAYCIOUS. — Very splendid, making a great show. 

SPLIT. — To halve. To *• split the difference " is the common 
expression for the price midway between that offered and 
demanded. 

SPLITTIN'. — The head is said to be splittin' when racking 
with pain. 

SPLODG I N \— Splashing. 

" A went sploitgin' droo the dirt when a med ha' gone clane-voot 
t'other ro-ad.** 

SPLOTCH.— A dab of dirt adhering to anything, such as 
might t>e thrown from a carriage wheel. 

-To make a fuss. 
il* — ^To eject small drops of saliva in hasty speech. 
fi*AT. ^Broth or soup. 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 158 

SPOUT. — The expression *« in great sfH>9it ** is used to denote 
that a person is in a boisterous humour or much elated. 

SPRACK, also SPRANK. — Full of energ\* and spirits. 

SPREADER. — The stick or wooden bar which keeps the chain 
traces between waggon horses wide apart. 

SPREATHED.— Chapped. 

•' Zee how my hands be sfreathei vn* the cawld.** 

SPREE. — This word is commonly used just as elsewhere to 
denote a frolic. 

SPUD. — An instrument having a minature spade attached to a 
long light wooden handle, it is sometimes carried by oid< 
fashioned farmers when they go through fields in order to 
root up thistles. 

SPUDDLE. — To stir up liquid matter by poking. 

SQUAAYLER. — A short stick with a knob of iron at the end 
used by boys to throw at birds, squirrels, &c., it goes head 
first breaking any small branches in its way. 

SQUAAYRE. — To settle a matter corruptly ; on the sqitaayre^ 
means openly and fairly; to stand up ready to fight. 
" Squaayte dalins " are ** equitable dealings.*' 

SQUAKER. — A young partridge able to fly but not fully 
grown. Vide also Vlapper. 

Swifts are also called squakers from the noise they make. 

SQUASH, also SQUISH. — To squeeze into a pulpy mass. 
Squashy or Squishy means soft and pulpy. 

SQUAT. — A hare in her form is said to be *'squatiitt.''* 

A dint. 

*' A let vail our metal tay-pot an' maayde a sqyat in un." 

A squatty person is one short and thick. 

SQUAWK. — The cry of a hare when caught. 

SQUELCH. — The peculiar noise made when walking in t)oots 
which have taken in water. 

To step quickly on any soft substance. 

SQUENCH.— Quench. 

SQUIRM. — To writhe under pain, mental as well as bodily 
when having one*s misdeeds made public. 



164 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

SQUIRT. — To eject a thin stream of liquid. A syringe is 
called a "water-squirt." 

SQUISH.— 7iW^ Squash. 

STAAY. — Something eaten when a meal is too long postponed. 

*' Our dinner wunt be ready vor dree hours zo thess yet a nossle o' 
bre-ad vor a staay.*' 

STAAYLE VALLERS. — Stale fallows, i.^., land that has been 

ploughed some time since, and allowed thus to remain to 

take m sun and rain. 

y When asked if hares are likely to be found on a piece of ploughed 
land a keeper might reply, " No, sir, them vallers beant staayle enough." 

STABBLE. — To leave footprints from boots covered with dirt. 

" A bin Z'Stahhliii all awver my nice cle-an kitchen." 

STADDLE. — A stand for a rick, to keep the corn off the damp 
ground and in some measure to prevent rats and mice 
obtaining access to it. 

Hayricks are not usually built on ^^staddUsy' but have a 
foundation of straw and bavins to keep the lower course 
dry. 

STAKE or STAAK.— A stalk. 

STALL. — A covering made for a wounded thumb or finger. 

ST AM PS. — Gun-wads. 

STAMP-CUTTER.— The punch for cutting gun-wads., 

STAND. — To ** s/a«(^ " to a child is the term for becoming a 
sponsor. 

STEEL. — To sharpen a carving knife on a sUeL This 
operation often commences after the joint is placed on the 
table, and follows after Grace. 

STEP.— A distance. 

" A goodish step " means rather a long distance. 

STEPPER. — A horse that goes quickly is called a stepper. 

STERK. — Stiff. The expression •* stiff an sterk ** is commonly 
used with reference to one who has been dead some time. 
*< S^A-staring-mad '* means quite mad. 

STERT. — ^An event or episode. 

•* Thw wiB A mmmy sUrt up at verm, zomebody took all the vawkses 
lit nm was at work." 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 165 

STICK. — ^To " cut your stick '* is to get away as quickly as 
possible. 

STICK IN THE GIZZARD.— To rankle. 

'* What a zed sticks in my gizzard, an' I shan't hev no pe-us till I be 
upzides wi' un.*' 

STICKLER. — One very firm or even obstinate. 

" A be a gurt stickler vor what a thinks be his right.*' 

STICKIN' PE-US.— The part of the neck of an animal where 
the knife is inserted. 

STICK UP. — A youth is said lo " stick up " to a girl when he is 
commencing to pay addresses to her. 

STINGER.— A hard blow. 
STIRRIN\— Tilling. 

•• That ley 'ooll want siirrin' zoon." 

STIRRUP GRACE.— A whipping with a strap. 

STITCH. — A pain in the side caused by running quickly. 

STOBBLE. — To stop the flow of a liquid ; to caulk. 

STOCK. — To ** stock " a farm means to get it in working order 
in all ways. About ;f lo. per acre is roughly considered 
necessary. 

STOCKS. — A frame work with apertures for hands and feet of 
offenders, placed in the centre of villages. 

STOCKY.— Thick set and strong. 

" That ther be a stocky chap, a can car a zack o* whate." 

STODGE, or TODGE.— Thick soup. 

To defeat ; to twnplus, 

" A zimmed quite stodged when I tawld 'un as I cood'nt gie 'un no 
moor money." 

STODGEY. — Sustaining; applied to soups, &c., containing 
solid or thickening matter. 

STOMACHY. — Irritable, headstrong. When applied to a 
horse it signifies difficult of control. 

STOOLS. — The roots of trees which have been felled. 

STOOP. — To stoop a cask is to cause it to be tilted so that the 
remaining liquor may run freely through the tap. 

STOOR PEGS.— Pigs ready to go for fattening. 



156 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

STOORY."— To ** hev a stoory " with a person is to visit and 
hear the somewhat rambling account of aihnents and 
troubles. 

STOPPLE. — The stopper of a Field beer barrel or earthenware 
jar. 

STOUT.— The horse fly. 
A ^'stoutish lad*' is a well grown lad. 

STRAAIN.— Breed. 

STRAAITS. — In poor circumstances. 

STRAAYGHT.— Soon. 

*'Thee had best stert on an' I'll voller straayght" 
STRADDLE.— To get astride. 

STRADDLE WISE.— With legs wide apart. 

STRAKE.— Streak. 

STRAME or STRE-AM. — A stream. Most of the streams in 
Berkshire cease to run at a certain time of year, and the 
'* old folk" have a good deal to say or prophecy on this 
matter. 

They say of the Lambonrn, that *' the earlier it dries up, the higher 
will be the price of com." The reason for the saying no doubt is that 
dry weather is favourable for corn. *• Drought never bred famine in 
England." 

The **Pang" which rises at Touchums Pond, at Hampstcad Norreys. 
never begins to rise much before the shortest day, nor to sink much 
before the longest day. 

STRAP-OIL.— A beating with a strap. 

STRAPPER. — A journeyman labourer coming for work at 
harvest time or hay making. 

A big strong person. 

STRAY, or STRAA.— Straw. /*Down in the s/rfly " refers to 
the time of an animal bringing forth young. 

STRE-ANGER, or STRAAINGER.— The expression, ** we 
wunt maayke no sire-anger on *e" is the cordial invitation to 
a guest to feel himself at home, and indicates also that 
there is no extra preparation or ceremony on his account. 

STRIDE. — To pace in order to ascertain distance. ** I stdded 
»it " is held conclusive with reference to assertion as regards 

mice. 

Ul be a smartish stride y e knaws, vrom my house up to verm." 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 157 

STRIKE. — The wooden roller passed evenly over the standard 
bushel corn measure to make the surface corn level and 
measurement precise. 

STRIPPIN*.— Clearing the bark off oak trees. The time of 
year when this is done and wlicn the sap is up is called 
*'s/M>/fV-time.** 

STRIT.— A street. 

STROKE. — A game at marbles where each player places a 
certain number on a line and plays in turn from a distance 
mark called ** scratch," keeping such as he may knock off. 

STUB. — To grub up roots of small trees or underwood. Where 
underwood has been cut the short lengths protruding from 
the ground are sometimes called *^ stubs" of wood. 

STUBS. — Stubble. A field lying in stubble is called a " pe-us 
o' whate-5^fii5 " or a ** pe-us o* wut-s^wAs,*' &c., as the case 
may be. 

Vide also Stub. 
STUCK. — Unable to proceed, puzzled, perplexed. 

" I vound out what 'e wants to knaw zo vur as I tells 'e, an' then I 
got stuck." 

STUFFY. — Partly stopped up ; somewhat choked up. 

" I hev got a bad cawld, an* veels maain stuffy about the dro-at this 
mamin'." 

Devoid of ventilation ; close. 

STUMP. — To make a noise by walking heavily. 
To grub up roots of trees. 

STUMPS.— Legs. 

" To stir your stumps " is to make haste. 

STUMPY.— Short and thickset. 

STUNNER.— Anything excellent. 

" Stunning " is also used to denote excellence. 

STUNNY.— To deafen. 

** The noise as the childern maaykes stunnys muh zo*s I can't yer 
my zelf spake." 

STUPE. — A stupid persou. 

" You be a stupe to go on like that ther.^' 

ST W UN. —A stone. 
STWUN-BLIND.— Quite blind. 



158 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

STVVUN-DEAD.— Quite dead. 

STWUNNERS. — Boys' marbles made of grey stone. These 
are of less value than " alleys/' but of greater value than 
** chalkers." 

STWUN-KERT.— Carting stones off a field. In the hill 
country in Berkshire this is a periodical agricultural 
operation ; women pick up the stones and pile them in 
heaps, and they are then carted off for road mending. 

STWUNUS.— A stallion. 

STYE, — A ** wisp *' on the eye, commonly supposed to indicate 
that one thus suffering is very greedy. 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 150 



T 

TAAIL. — The refuse of wheat or barley not good enough for 
market. 

«* TaaUins'' is also used. 

TAAIL-BOORD. — The removeable board at back of cart or 
waggon. 

TAAILOR.— The Village Tailor often has this title prefixed to 
his surname, his Christian name being dropped. 

TAAY, or TAY.— Tea. 

TAAYKE-IN. — To " tanyke-in *' a rick is to thresh out the corn. 

TAAYKE-ON. — To give full vent to one's own grief. 

TACKLE. — To overcome, to outwit, to get the best of. With 
regard to drinks such as beer, &c., the expressions are 
common. 

•• That ther be poor tackle." 

** That ther be precious good tackled 

TAG. — To tie, to add. 

"If us tags on a bit to the ind o* that ther rawpe a 'ooll rache as vur 
as us wants un to 't." 

TAKIN', or TAAYKIN*. — In a state of excitement; much 

affected temporarily. 

'* She zimmed in a gurt takin' acause I tawld her as her dater was 
agwaain out to zarvice.'* 

TALLER.— TaUow. 

TALLUT. — The loft over a stable where the hay is kept. 

TALLY. — When an animal has been found trespassing and is 
brought to the village pound, the pound-keeper cuts a stick in 
half, and, keeping the one half himself, gives the other to the 
person who has sustained damage by the trespass; the half 
thus given is called the "te//y" and the impounded animal 
can only be released by the owner producing this tally in 
token that he has satisfied claims for trespass. 

TAM-CULL*— Th« " MiUards Thumb/' 



100 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

TAMxMUS.— Thomas. 

TAM TIDDLER'S GROUND.— Perhaps the most favourite 
game with little children. 

TAM-TOE.— The great toe. 
TAN.— To whip. 

A **/a;m///"' is a whipping. 

TANG. — The measured sounding of a bell. 

*' I yerd the bell tang dree times zo ut mus* be a man as has died." 

Note. — It is customary for the bell to ''tang^' three times on 
the death of a man, twice for a woman, and once for a child, 
and the tolling of a deeper toned bell follows after. It 
should be mentioned that three strokes on four other bells 
usually precede the numbers ** tanged'* as above referred to. 

TANGLE. — Confused; knotted. 

" I be veelin' in a tangle zomehow an* wants to thenk a bit." 

TAP-UP. — To top-up. To put the top to a rick. 

The end of a meal. 

•• Ater ro-ast be-af an* plum pudden us tapped-up wi' zome good 
Stilton chaze." 

TARBLE, also TARBLISH.— Tolerable; in fairly good health. 

*' I be a veelin* pretty tarble now zur, thenk 'e kindly vor axin." 

TARNAAYSHUN. — Very extremely ; very great or numerous. 

TARNAL. — Expressive of magnitude; used similarly to 
**tarnaayshun." 

TAWL. — A ** taw " of the game of marbles. 
TAYCHIN'— Education. 

" I didn't hev no taychin when I was a bwoy." 

TAY MATIN. — A meeting with prayer in Dissenting Chapels 
with tea and cake, &c., for those assembled. 

TAYTERS, or TAAYTERS.— Potatoes. 

TAYTER-TRAP.— The mouth. 

TE-AD. — To spread hay, &c., for the sun to dry. 

TEARIN'. — Very great ; very excessive. 

TEART. — Very tender to the touch as when there is surface 
inflammation. 

TEENY-TINY,— Very small indeed* 

•* I awnly yetted fit teiny-tiny bit on 't but ut maayde I bad/' 



BERKSHIRB WORDS, 161 

TEER.— To tear. 

TEG. — A sheep one year old. 

TELL. — To count. 

*' Tell them ther ship *ooll 'e an' let I knawhow many ther beon um." 

" I yerd tell " means ** I have heard it stated,*' and ** I hev 
yerd zaay" has a similar signification. 

TELLED. — Told ; contented. 

'TENT, or TE-ANT, or TYENT.— It is not. 

TERBLE or TERRAAYBLE.— Very great. 

•• Ther be a tnraayble lot o' young rabbuts this year to be 2ure.*' 

TERT*. — Harsh and abrupt. 
Acid. 

TETTERS. — Small pimples ; also small ulcers. 

THAA.— To thaw. 

THAAY. — Those, them. 

THATE VOR, — i.e,, thought for, expected, anticipated. 
" Them wuts bent turned out as well as I thate vor.*' 

THAT THER.— Used for " thatr 

THE-AVES.— Two toothed ewes. 

THEE.— Used for »*thou" and *'you." 

THEE*ST.— Thou hast, you had, you have. 

'* Thee*st best be aff avoor I gies 'e zummut as 'ull maayke e." 

THEM.— They. 

THEM THER.— Those. 

THEN. — Very commonly used superfluously at the termination 
of a sentence, but is intended to give emphasis. 

*' What I zes I means then** 
THER NOW.—** That settles the question.*' 

*' If e* zes another word I'll zack 'e, ther nouK** 

THESS, or LESS.—** Let us.'* 

THE-UZ YER, also THE-UZ-UN.- These. 

THICK. — Stupid ; slow of comprehension. 

Intimate. 

*• The two vamilies hev alius a-bin thich wi* one 'nothcr." 
M 



1C2 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

THICK-YEAD. — One is contemptuously so called who does not 
comprehend quickly, or who has made a stupid mistake. 

THICK MILK— Milk boiled and thickened with flour and 
sweetened with sugar or treacle. 

THICK SKINNED.— Not quick to take oflence ; the reverse 
of " thin skinned." 

THIEF. — A " thief in the candle," is a detached piece of the 
wick which becomes ignited and, sinking down as it burns, 
causes the candle to go to wcste. 

THILLER, or VILLER.— The shaft horse of a team. 

THIMBLE-PIE. — A rap on the top of the head from the 
thimbled finger of the school mistress. The Dame who 
kept a village School, doing needlework the while, kept 
those children likely to require such chastisement con- 
veniently near her. 

THIN. — Used to express a poor show as regards quantity or 
number. 

" Tbe whate crap zims thin on the hills." 

THING-A-MY, or THING-UM-BOB.— Anything is so re- 
ferred to when its proper name cannot be called to mind 
at the moment. 

THIN-SKINNED.— Easily affronted. 

THONG. — To twine or twist together. 

THREDDLE.— To *' threddk " a needle is to pass thread through 
the eye of it ready for sewing. 

THRETTY.— Thirty. 

THUMP.— A loud noise ; a blow. 
To chastise. 

THUMPIN'.— Very large. 

" Ther be a thumpin* lot o* nuts in the copses this year." 

THURT. — In a contrary mood, ill-tempered. 

" I alius vinds un zo thurt as I wunt go an' ax un nothun* no moor." 

THURT OVER. — Obstinate and cross, used very similarly to 
''thurtr 

TICE. — To entice, to attract. 

TICKLISH. — Requiring skill or tact in performance. 

•' T'ull be a ticklish job to perzwaayde un to (Jo what US wants un 
to't." 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 168 

TID.— A ** tidbit " or a ** tit-bit ** is a choice morsel of food. 

Cunningly reserved. 

" I ax'd un what was the matter, but a was maain tid about ut." 

TIDDLE. — To bring up by hand. A young lamb is fiddled from 
a milk bottle. 

TIDDY. — Very small ; also very softly. 

" Mind *e goes into the room vurry tiddy or 'e med waayke the 
baayby." 

TIDLY. — Very small and helpless. 

An old woman will say *' I had un in my arms when a was a tidly 
little chap." 

TIDY. — Considerable. 

*' A have got a tidy bit o' money put b} ." 

Clean looking and respectable. The word in this sense is 
usually applied to a woman. 

TIFFY. — Touchy ; huffy ; easily affronted. 

TIGHT. — Of a neat, compact figure. 

•• She be a tight lookin' little body." 

Intoxicated. 

Stingy. 

'* A wunt gie 'e nothun, a alius was a tight man." 

TIG-TIG-TIG.— A call for pigs. 

TI LT. — To raise one end of anything by leverage. 
** Full tilt " means full speed or " with a bold front." 

TILTED KERT. — A covered cart such as is used by the 
village carriers to keep goods dry when being brought from 
the market town. 

TILTH. — Tillage. Land in good tilth is land well ploughed 
and worked and in a good state of cultivation. 

TIMBER-BOB. — A timber carriage consisting of a simple 
arrangement between two wheels to which part of the tree 
is chained, the remainder of the tree dragging along the 
ground. 

TIMBERSTICKS. — Trees lying in a confused heap to season 
are so called. 

TIMBERZOME. — Timorous, fearful, nervous. 

TIME. — The period of service for which engaged. 
•* My time 'ooll be up come Martinmas," 

To bid anyone ** the time o' daay " is to say good morning. 



164 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

TIMELY. — Seasonable, anything is ** not timely'* when earlier 
or later than usual. 

TIND.— To add fuel to the fire. 
" Tind the vire else a'U go out." 

TINES. — Iron spikes as of a harrow. 
TINGLIN'. — A curious nervous sensation. 

" I hev got a tinglin' in my legs vrom zettin quiet zo long.'* 

TING-TANG. — The smallest and highest hung of the bells in 
a church tower. It is rung last of all before service 
commences, following the ** zarmon-bell.*' 

TINKER. — To mend temporarily. To tinker anything ** up a 
bit " is to mend it for an occasion. 

TIP. — To ^^tip awver '* is to turn over, to upset. 

•' If e drives the kert zo quick awver the ruts we shall tip awver." 

TIP-CAT. — A favourite game with boys, a bale of wood 
being forced upward from the ground by a blow on one end 
of it, and then hit to a distance as it is falling. 

TIPPED an; NAAILED.— Boots for field wear have the soles 
thus furnished, there being heavy iron tips at toe and heel, 
and hob-nails between. 

TIP-TOE. — Walking lightly on the toes, so as not to be heard. 

TIP-TOP.— Very excellent, the best. 

TIT, or TET, or TITTY.— A teat. 

TITCH.— To touch. 

TITCHY.— Easily offended. 

TIT-LARK.— A species of lark. 

TIT-TAT-TOE.— The first game taught to children when they 

can use a slate pencil, the words, 

" Tit-tat-toe, 
My first go," 

bein^ said by the one who first makes three crosses, or noughts 
in a row. 

TITTER.— To laugh a little. 

TITTI VATE. -To dress one's self with a view to efiect. 

TITTLE. — Very lightly. A gin or trap is said to be set very 
tittle when it will §trike on the slightest touch, 



aERKSHIRE WORDS. 165 

TITUP. — A term used at Loo. When but one player has put 
into the pool a single card is dealt round face upwards, 
and all but the person holding the winner have to subscribe 
to a fresh pool. 

TIXTE.— Text. 

TO BE ZURE. — A very common phrase, meaning " certainly,** 
** indeed." 

TODGE.— KtW^ Stodge. 

TODGEY.— Short and fat. 

TO-DO. — A fuss; an unusual event involving excitement and 
confusion. 

TOGGERY. — Dress. One says in preparing for a visit, ** I 
mus' put on my bes' toggery,'* 

TOKEN. — Something unusual and a bad omen, as birds 
pecking at the window, dogs howling, &c. 

TOLE.— To entice. 

•* Car a bwun zo as to toU the puppy whoam wi' 'e." 

TOM. — Male of any farmyard bird. 

* ' How many Toms and how many hens be ther in the brood o' Turk«y s ?' ' 

TOMMY. — Food ; used chiefly by boys. 

TOM PODLIN'.— Fussing. 

" A be alius d^-tom podlin' about at whoam when a should be awaay 
at his work." 

TONGUE. — The small moveable iron spike of a buckle, which 
fits into holes in the leathern strap. 

Dogs are always said to **give tongue " when in active pursuit 
of game. 

'POOD.— It would. 

'T'ood'nt, signifies * it would not.* 

TOOK.— Gave. 

" 1 took un a knock on the yead wi' this yer stick." 

Taken. 

Took Bad means *' became ill," and Took Wuss signifies 
serious illness. 

TOOK TO.— To have liking for. 
" I never took to that ther chap." 

'TOOL, or 'T'ULL.— It will. 

TOOTH-AN'-NAAIL.— Most vigorously, ferociously. 

" She wont at un tooth-an'-naail an' a was glad to get awaay »" 



160 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

TOOTHZOME.— Pleasant to the taste. 

TOP-DRESSIN'. — A specially rich manure spread over the 
surface of land. 

TOPPER.— A hat. 

Something very excellent. 

An anecdote told to beat one that has been related immediately 
before it. 

TOPPIN'. — Large, extreme, also rapid. 
" A was ridin' along at a toppiti' raayte." 

TOPPINS. — The ground husk of wheat finest size. That 
next in coarseness is called ^^ pollard.'' 

TOPPLE AWVER.— To fall over by slight disturbance as 
regards the position of centre of gravity. 

TOPZAAYER. — One having influence over his fellows or being 
in a position of importance. 

The derivation is simple. When sawing timber into planks 
the man working the upper handle of the saw and standing 
on the tree is the ^Hopzaayer'' and guides, whilst his 
partner working the lower handle is stationed below in the 
saw-pit. 

TOPZY-TURVY.— Upside down. 
TO-RIGHTS.— All in proper place. 

TOSTICAAYTED.— Intoxicated. 

TOT. — To do it. In reply to an order to start at once to 
school, a good-for-nothing boy will say, ** 1 dwoant want 
iotr 

TOT-BELLIED. — Applied to a man who is corpulent. 

T'OTHER.— Always used for " the other." 

TOTTED.— Added up. 

" Us totted up our reckains an* thaay did nt tally." 

TOUCH. — When a dog first scents game he is said to " touchy 

TOUCH 'OOD. — Dry, decayed wood that continues to 
smoulder if ignited, but which will not burst into flame.' 
Boys have games called " totuh *oody and ** touch-iron," where 
anyone not touching either of the substances named is 
liable to be caught by the one standing out and has to 
stand out accordingly. 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 167 

TOW-ART.~Towards; forward. 

•• When a come a little tow-art 1 could zee as t'was apawle cat an' not 
a verrut." 

TOW-ART-LY.— Encouragingly. 

••She looked at un a bit ton-art-ly.'' 

TOWELIN'.— A whipping. 

TOWER. — A partridge is said to ^Uoiuer'' when after being 
struck on the head by a shot it mounts straight upwards 
and then falls quite dead. 

TOWERIN'.— Very great. 

'* Ther 'ooll be a towerin lot o' tayters vor markut when us hev got 
urn all dug up." 

TRAAYPESSIN'.— Flaunting ; walking about affectedly and 
conceitedly. 

TRAMMEL NET. — A long net dragged above the ground 
used in the night to catch larks and sometimes by poachers 
to catch partridges also. 

TRAMP. — The term applied to an itinerant beggar. 

•• Ther be a tramp at the door, tell un ther yent nothun* vor un." 

TRANSMOGRIVIED. — Transformed in appearance, disguised. 
Surprised, greatly astonished. 

TRAW. — ** Trough " is so pronounced ; thus we have, " Peg- 
trawSf'' " Ship-/raie/s,*' and " Herse-traws.'' 

TRAY.— A tree. 

TRAYDLE. — The rest for the foot wherefrom action is given 
to a tinker's wheel, or other similar arrrangement. 

TRENCHER MUN.— One who eats heartily is called a good 
** trencher mun,'' 

TRIGGED OUT. — Dressed very gaily. A girl when going to 
a fair is said to be ** trigged out in her best." 

TRIM. — The expression *' tritn one's jacket" means to 
administer a whipping. 

TRIMMER. — Anything very excellent is so styled. 
A night line for catching Pike. 

TRIMMIN'.— Very large, excellent. 

"I've a-bin in the 'oods an' cut a trimmiiC good knobbed stick or 



two. 



168 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

TROLL. — To bowl along the ground ; to trundle. 

TROTTERS.— Pigs* feet. 

TROUBLED. — Used with reference to anything supernatural 
or of delusions. 

TROUNCE.— To whip. 
'To denounce. 

TRUCKLE TO.— To try to curry favour by subservient 
behaviour. 

TRUCKLE-BED.— On a low wooden bedstead. 

TRUMPUTS. — Boys make these by scraping a dandelion stalk 
thin at one end and blowing at that end. Also from the 
stalk of the " dummy-nettle *' cut off above a notch, and 
with a short slit through the side. 

TUCK. — To trim. A rick is said to be ** tucked" when raked 
down so as to take off loose surface straws, and leave the 
others neatly lying in the same direction. 

To pull. 

" Gie her shawl a tuck to maayke her look round." 

TUFF'UTS. — Grassy hillocks; disused ant hills over-grown 
with turf. 

TUNNEL. — A funnel is so called. 

TURMUTS.— Turnips. 

TURN. — To "get a turn " is to be suddenly overcome through 
fear or surprise. 

TURRIVY.— Toteaze. 

" What dost want to turrivy the child vor, gie un back his marvels, 
an' let 'un alo-an." 

TUSSLE. — A short struggle, in which the hands and not 
weapons are used. 

TUTTY. — Tufty. A tuft or bunch of flowers is described as 
being in bloom •* all of a tntty:' See Tuttymen. 

TUTTYMEN, or TUTTIMEN.— The tythingmn who bear 
bunches of flowers at Hocktide proceedings at the town of 



i are so named. Vide Tottv. The duties of a 
Tutliman are fully explained in the following extract from a 
contribution by an ex-Tuttiman to " Chamber's Journal ": — 

■• The constilulion of llie governing body of the town of Hunger/ord, 
Berkshire, is as foUows : High -const able, feoQees, portreeve, bailiff, 
tUhiHg-min, and the Hocktide jury. No onecan serve the office othigh- 
coDstable utiiil he has served the offices of liihiag-fiaH . bailiff, and 

Birtreeve. All who have titled these ofHces are eligible, and the 
ocktide jury have the power lo elect. The High-coosiable is during his 
lenn of office Loiti of the Manor, and likewise coroner for the borough, 
and □□ town business can be settled withont his sanction. The bailiS' 
has to collect all market and other tolls ; and the portreeve has to 
gather in all quit-rents, the same to be handed 10 the high -con stable. 

The 'litkiHg-mrn.' or in common speech, 'tultimrn ' are selected from 
the tradesmen of the town ; and their duties are somewhat unique. 
Before the establishment of the county police, they had to act as 
constables, and assist in preserving order in the town In addition to 
this, on ' Hockney Day '—which is the Tuesday following Easter 
week— they have to visit each house in the borough and demand acoin 
of the realm from each male : and have the privilege of taking, if not 
freely given, a ki&s from each woman. As a rule the ladies take the 
salute in good part, as the writer of this can testify, having served the 
office, some are coy and run away, but generally allow themselves to be 
caught. The said lilhing-mtn carry each a staff about six feel long, 
bedecked with choice flowers, and having streamers of blue ribbons ; 
the whole being surmounted with a cup and spike bearing an orange, 
which is given with each salute, and then replaced by another one. 
The proceedings of Hocklide are of a very festive character, and begin 
on the Friday preceding ' Hockney Day ' by the holding of what is 
called the ' Audit Supper * at the 'John o'Gaunt Inn.' The guests on 
this occasion are those who bear office in the town. The fare is macaroni, 
Welsh rabbits, and water-cress, followed by steaming hot punch. 

The following Tuesday, Hockney Day, is ushered in by Ihe blowing 
John of Gaunt'a horn from the balcony of the town hall. At nine 
o'clock, the Hocktide jury having been summoned, assemble in the 
town-hall ; and having chosen a foreman and bebg duly sworn, the 
ancient rules and regulations of the court are read over by the (owd 
clerk; after which the names of the free suitors and commoners are 
called over: those who do not answer to their names have to pay a 
peony, or lose their right of commons and lishing for the ensuing year 
The if igh -const able then presents his accounts; the vouchers of 
expenditure are passed to and examined by each juryman ; and if these 
be found correct, the jury attach their signature:! to the balance-sheet. 
This being done, Ihe High-constable for the ensuing year is chosen, 
and the other officers are also elected. In addition to those 
already named, are three water-bailiffs, three overseers of the port 
downs, three keepers of the keys of the common coffer, two ale-tasters, 
hay ward, hall-keeper, and l>ell-man. Presentmentsas to encroachments 
(if any) on the town property are made and discussed, and any matter 
relating to the welfare of the town coDsiduted. The business concluded, 
tbereliriog High-constabie invites the jury to luncheon at the 'Three 
Swans' Hotel." A substantial cold collation is provided, followed by 
bowls of punch. 

On Ihe following Friday morning, the officers are sworn in ; and in 
the evening, the newly elected High -con stable gives a banquet to his 
fellow .townsmen to the number of from sixty lo eighty. The banquet 
IS a right royal one, ihere being everything in season, and a profusion 
of the choicest winos. Oa Saturday, tbe leativities are brought to a 



172 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 



U 

UM.— They, them. 

" If urn zes um wunt do 't agin let urn alo-an." (If they say they 
won*t do it again let them alone. 

UN, or IN.— Him, it. 

UNKED. — Feeling dull; in low spirits usually from a sense of 
loneliness. 

"The little gal veels unked like now her brother be gone to schoold." 

Note. — The word '* unked** is generally followed by ** like," 
as in the above phrase. 

UNNERCONSTUMBLE.— To understand. 

UP. — In a state of effervescence. 

A person is said to be ** up " when the temper is roused. 

UP-IND. — To raise one end of a thing so that it shall stand on 
the other end. 

UPPERDS.— Upwards. 

UPPER-STAWRY.— The head. 

" A bit wake in the upper-stawry " means " having little sense.'* 

UPPIN'-STOCK. — A log, or bench, or large stone lying near 
the front door of a house wherefrom horses are mounted. 

UPPISH. — Giving one's self airs ; conceited ; arrogant. 

'* A zims to be got zo uppish laaytely as I wunt hev nothun' moor to 
do wi' un." 

UP-STRIT. — Towards one end of the village along the main 
road in it is spoken of as ** up-strit,** and towards the other 
end is ** down-s^nV." 

UP-TO. — A common term with reference to activity of mind or 
body, generally used disparagingly. 

•• That ther chap yent up-to no good, I warn 'e." 

UPZET. — Confusion ; disorder. 

*' We was all in a uput wi' the washin* when a come to zee us.'* 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 178 

UPZIDES Wr.— To retaliate ; to have tit for tat. 
*' 1*11 be upxides wf un vor been zo spitevul to I.*' 

To be so sharp as not to be outwitted. 

** T 'ool be hard to be upxides uH' zuch a rawgue as he be." 

US.— We. 

•• Shall us go ? •• 

USHER. — An assistant master in a boys' school. The word, 
formerly very common, seems falling into disuse. 



174 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 



V 

The letter ^^ V as an Initial does duty for the letter " F " as well as for 

itself 

VAAILS. — Money given to domestics after a visit to a house. 

VAAIR DOGS.— Fair play ; fair dealing. 

" Thess hev vaair doos an* not try to best one 'nother." 

VAAIRIN* — A present brought from a country fair by one who 
is fortunate enough to go, to another obliged to stay at 
home. 

VAAIRISH. — Pretty well ; nearly recovered. 

" I be a-veelin' vaarish now zur, ater my lambaaygo, thenk 'e kindly." 

V A AIRY-RINGS. — Rings of grass of a different colour from 
the remainder, found on the Downs. Some suppose that 
these rings are formed by Fairies dancing round and round 
in the moonlight. 

VAAYCE, or VE-US— The face. 

VAAYCER. — A blow direct in the face ; a very downright 
rebuff. 

VAAYLE. — The country along the Thames valley, as about 
Blewbury, Hagboum, Moreton, Didcot, &c., &c., is so 
called. The other part of the county is styled " the Hill 
Country'." 

VAAYVOUR.— To resemble. 

•• The child vaayvours the mother moor'n the vath-er." 
VADDY. — Full of fidgets or fancies. 

VAG. — To reap, but not applied to reaping wheat. 

'• When the straa be long, vaggin* wuts be better'n mawin'on um." 

VAGABONDTZIN about.— Wandering and doing no work, 
VAG'D. — Looking unwell and as though overworked. 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 175 

VAGGOT. — A good-for-nothing woman. It is generally pre- 
ceded by ** awld." 

A bundle of lop wood or underwood containing branches of 
larger size than those in a ** bavin." 

VALL. — The Autumn. 

A good " va// o* lambs '* signifies a good breeding time. 
To ** try a vail*' means to have a bout at wrestling. 

VALLALS. — Ribbons, &c., worn by women when gaily dressed. 
VALLERS. — A " pe-us o* vallers " is a field of ploughed land. 
VALLY.— Value. 

VAMPLUTS.— Short gaiters. 

VAN. — A machine for winnowing corn, worked by hand. 

VARDEN. — A farthing. ** A yent wuth a varcUn " and "A yent 
wuth a brass varden*' are common expressions to denote 
worthlessness. 

VARDICK.— Verdict. 

VARRUD.— Forward, early. 

*' Varrud taayters" are potatoes arrived at maturity early in the 
season. 

VATH-ER. — Father. Perhaps the most common local riddle 

for children is — 

•• Vath-er, mother, zister, an* brother, 
All run roun* the taayble an* cood'nt ketch one "nother." 

The answer being a ** wind-mill.'* 

VATTY-GUED.—** Fatigued " is so pronounced. It was a 
specially favourite word with Mrs. Lucy Newland, formerly 
school mistress at Hampstead Norreys. 

VATTY-YEAD.— A stupid person. 

VAUTY. — Anything having a flaw or with part decayed is so 
described. 

VAWER.— Four. 

VAWK. — Folk ; field hands are thus spoken of when mentioned 
collectively. 

•* Taayke the beer up to the Vawk at dree o'clock." 

VAWL.— A foal. 



176 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

VAWLE.— To pen. 

" Ther wunt be no tarmuts left to vawle the ship in ater to-raorrer." 

A " ship-rate//^ *' is a " sheep-fold." 

VAWLE-STAAYKE. — A stake driven into the ground when a 
sheep pen is being formed, for the purpose of supporting the 
hurdles which are fastened thereto by ** hapses." 

VE-AD. — Feed. One says to an ostler, " Gie the herse a ve-ad o* 
kern," and a fixed measure is understood thereby. 

Green crops for sheep, as turnips, swedes, rape, &c., are called 
" ve-ad." 

A horse is said to be ** out at ve-ad/' when turned into a 
meadow to graze. 

VEARD. — Afraid. See also Aveard. 

VEART-SPRANK. — A good sprinkling, or a rather large 
parcel. 

" We shall hev a veart sprnnk crap o' apples this year." 

VE-AST. — The annual village merry-making usually held on 
the Dedication Day of the Parish Church, thus we have 
** Hagbourn Ve-ast;' &c., &c. 

See also Lot and Revel. 

VE-AT.— Rank to the taste. 

" This yer mate taaystes ve-at, 'e med gie ut to the dog." 

Middling ; fair. 
VE-ATISH. — Rather large ; considerable. 

" Reck'nin um up one waay an' t'other, ther be a ve-atish lot on um." 

Well and in good spirits. 

" I be got rid o* the doctor, an* be a-veelin' quite ve-atish like now." 

VECKLE. — Spirits ; energy. 

" I hev a-had zome bad news, an' beant a-veelin' in veckle this 



marnin'." 



VELLER.— Fellow. 

VELTIVER also VELDER BIRD.— The bird *' Field-fare." 

VEN. — A word in frequent use by boys at marbles, &c. It 
means ** I forbid." If one player says, " ven knuckle- 
down," this means that his opponent must shoot his marble 
without resting his hand on the ground. 

VEND. — To ** vend off" anything is to take preventive measures. 
•' E should be keervul to vend fl/taaykin' cawld at this time o' year." 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

VERM. — Farm. To "verw high" means to keep much stock 
and to manure the land well. 

VERRETIN" ABOUT. — Searching for. In the Berhhire 
ChronicU of November 6th, iSS6, this expression is thus 
used by Martin Philpotts, gamekeeper, who gives evidence 
that certain dogs were " verretin' about " after game. 

VESS, — Active, lively, well and strong. 
■' Why, 'K looks quile ivsi this marnin ' " 

VETCH.— The price obtainable is thus referred to. There is 
the saying, " Tilings be awnly wiith what um 'ult vtldi." 

VETTLE. — Condition ; full of energy or strength. 
" I be jus' in vine viillt vor a vighl if a H-anls to'l." 
See Veckle also. 

VICAR OF BRAY.— The term applied to a turncoat. 

The Vimr of Bray, who is ihe subject of a sang known far beyond 

Berkshire, lived in Ihe reign of Henry Vlll., Kdwarii VI.. Mary, and 

Eliiabelh. He was first a papist, then a proteslant, then, under Queen 

Mary, became a papist again, and at length, in Queen Elizabeth's reign 

died a protestant. When accused of being of a changeable turn he 

I replied, " no. I am steadfast, however other folk change I remain Vicar 

' of Bray." It may be noticed that the reigns quoted in the old song do 

I not correspond with those above given, 

\ VIDDLE VADDLE.— To trifle: to make show of doing work 
with no result. 
One who fusses without doing much is called a "viJdh vaildU 
or viddle raddhr." 

I VIDGUTS. — Nervousness. The attack of " vtdguts " is usually 
shown in a woman by sitting down and patting her foot on 
I the ground. 

" VIGS.— Raisins. 

f VILE. — An old person. 

" Thai awld vili be got maain cansiankerouB laaytely, an' 1 can't do 
L nothun' wi'n," 

I VILLER.^The horse of a team which comes within the shafts. 
I Vidr Thilleu. 

[ VINE.— Tof\nd. 

I Fine. To "tawk vine" is the expression rather contemptuously 

L applied by those speaking the Berkshire Dialect to their 

I fellows who commence trying to speak English as more 

H generally recognised. 

H '■ She med ha bin to larvice in Lunnon. but us wunt hev her conre 



178 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

VINGER STALL. — A covering for a wounded finger. 

VINNIKIN*. — Fidgetting about small matters; trifling. 
*• I can't get along vvi* a tfinnikin' zart o* chap like that ther." 

VINNY.— Mouldy, mildewed. 

VI R- APPLES.— Fir cones. 

VIRKIN. — The scratching of a dog or other animal with the 
point of its paw for fleas. 

VISTICUFFS.— A fight with fists. 

VIT.— Feet. 

VITTEN.— Fit, proper. 

" If us be agwaain to vight, turn the women-vawk out, this yer be-ant 
no vitten plaayce vor thaay." 

VITTLES. — Food, a meal — as breakfast or dinner. 
." I wunt do no moor till I had my vittles." 

VIXEN.— The female fox. 

VIZZLE. — To effiervesce. To " hev no vizzie " is to have no 
energy or spirit. 

VIZZUCK. — To administer an aperient. Physic generally is 
known as " doctor's stuff"." 

VLAA. — A flea. A " vlaa in the yer " means chastisement. 

" If thee spakes back to I any moor I'll zend thee awaay ' wi' a vlaa 
in thee yer.' " 

" Vlaa-bii" as regards dogs, &c., means having a coat of light colour 
sprinkled with darkish spots. 

VLAAYKE-HURDLES.— //wri/^s made of brushwood. Vide 

also RoD-HURDLES. 

VL A AY RE. —To bum up ; to flame. 

•• The candle wunt vlyaare till a done gutterin'." 

VLAAYRE OUT. — To use intemperate language. 

VLABBERG ASTED.—Dumb-founded ; amazed so as to be 
powerless to speak or move. 

VLAG-BASKUT. — The limp basket made from river-side 
flags used for conveying fish, &c. 

VLAP. — To strike with any broad light article. 
•* A gin I a vlap on the yead wi* a writin* book,'* 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 179 

VLAPPER. — A young partridge just able to fly. 

Applied in joke to a girl of the bread-and-butter age. 
See also Squaker. 

VLECK. — The fur of a hare or rabbit. 

*' To vkck " either of these animals is to shoot and wound so 
that the fur lies scattered about the spot.*' 

" I vlecked a rabbut zo's I thinks the dog^ 'ull ketch un.*' 

VLEM. — The lancc^t with projecting cutter used for bleeding 
horses. The mallet by which it is struck is called the 
•' vlem'Stickr 

VLEW. — Delicate in constitution. Vide also Vluff. 

VLEY. — Pigs' fat used for making lard. 

VLIBBERTY-GIBBERTY.— Flighty, unreliable. 
Full of lively nonsense. 

VLICK. — To strike with the end giving a sort of return 
movement at the same time. Schoolboys " vlick " with a 
towel. 

VLID.— Flew. 

" Two patridges vUd by muh jus' as I was a-loadin' my gun." 

VLING— To throw. 

*' VUng a stwun at the dog an' maayke un run awaay." 

To eling one down is to throw one down. 

VLISK. — Made by carters from hair taken out of a horse's tail, 
bound on a short handle. 

A vlisk is found in all stables, being used to ** vlisk *' flies off 
horses in hot weather. 

VLITTER-MOUSE.— The common bat-mouse. 

VLITTERS.— Rags. 

•• My kwut got tore all to vUtters.'* 

VLOOKS. — Small worms in sheep suffering from a certain 
disease of the liver. 

VLOP. — To fall without rebound or movement. 

" A veil vlop on the groun*. and I thate a was de-ad." 

** To rlop " a thing on the ground is to throw it down without 
care as to how it may fall. 

VLOUT. — To express anger by action. 
To tres^t with disdain, 



180 BfiKKSHlKB WORDS. 

VLUFF, or VLEW.— Refuse ofF bedding or cloth. 
VLUFFY. — ^With refuse of wool, or cloth, or feathers adhering. 

*• Yer kwut be all vluffy, let I gi'n a brush." 

VLUMMERY. — Flattery ; attempt to get over one by blarney. 
A kind of Blanc-mange. 

VLUMMOXED. — Astonished past action ; at one's wit's end. 

VLUMP. — This word has much the same meaning as Vlop, 
except that ** vlump ■ ' usually indicates also that there was 
dull sounding noise in the falJ." 

VLURRY. — Confusion of mind and trepidation. 

VLUSH. — Young birds are said to be vlush when their feathers 
have grown and they are ready to fly from the nest. 

Level, even. 

VLUSTER. — To be in a ** vluster'* is to have lost presence of 
mind. 

VLUSTRAATION. -Worry. 

VOGGER. — A farmer's groom, who also is responsible for 
feeding pigs and cattle. 

Perhaps this name is a corruption of ** feeder" or "fodderer." 

VOGGER'S JINT. — The perquisite of the vogger who assists in 
pig killing. It is the tail of the animal with a small portion 
of meat adjoining. 

VOLLY.— To follow. 

A circular group of fir trees on the crest of a hill. There are 
three such **ro//»/s" at Hampstead Norreys on the ** VoUy 
Hill." 

VOOTERY.— Deceitful, sly, false. 

•• A be a vootery zart o' chap an* I wunt trus' un vurder'n I can see un.** 
Slippery. 

" The ro-ads be maain vootery ater the thaa." 

VOR. — Is added superfluously at the end of a sentence, thus : 
** The bwoy be stronger nor I thate ror." 

VOR-ALL-THAT. — This expression is in common use as sig- 
nifying ** in spite of the utmost having been done." 

•• A zes I be to be turned out if I dwoant vo-at as a tells muh, but I 
wunt ror-a//-Mfl/." 

VORM.— The Uir of a hare, 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. IHI 

VOR'N, or VORRUN.— For him ; for it. 

VORRIGHT. — Honest, straightforward ; opposite to. In Mr. 

T. Hughes' "Scouring of the White Horse'* there are lines 

in " The Lay of the Hunted Pig," thus— 

" Up vorriffht the Castle mound, 
Thaay did zet I on the ground. 
Then a thousand chaps or nigh 
Runned an' hollered ater I." 

VORRUD. — Forward; advanced. 

VORRUDNESS, also VORRUDDER.— Advance, progress. 

** Us works hard, but dwoant zim to get no vomiddfr wi' this yer job.** 

VORRUSS. — The leading horse in a team. 

VOT OUT.— Rescued. May be a corruption of "fetched out" 
or " fought out." 

VOUSTY.— Mildew on any kind of food. 

VOUT.— Fought. 

VRAAIL.— A flail. 

VRASTED — Used for " frost bitten" with reference to turnips, 
&c. 

VRIGLIN'. — Insignificant, trifling, petty. 

" I wants to zee e do zummut as *ooll bring in zummut acd not be 
vriglin' about lookin' ater viewers." 

VRIT.— Frightened. 

VRIZ. — Frozen. 

VROW.— See Vrum. 

VROWSTY. — Having an unpleasant smell from dirt. 

VRUM or VROW.— Brittle, crisp. 

VRUNTED.— Affronted, confronted. 

VUDDLED.— Stupified by drink. 

VUR.— Far. 

A deposit formed in a tea kettle wlierein hard water has been 
boiled. 

VUR IND. — The point farthest away. 

" Taayke hawld o' the vur ind o' the ladder an' help I to car un." 

VURBELAWS. — Gay trimmings and appendages of women's 
dress. 



182 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

VURDER.— Further. 
VURDERMWO AST.— Farthest off. 

" E*il vind my prong laayin' at the wrdermtvoast ind o* the hedge/' 

VUST.— First. 

A schoolboy when willing to give something away will call out 
to his playmates, 

" Billy, Billy, Bust. 
Who spakes vust ? " 

VUST BEGINNIN.' — The very commencement. 

*' Thess stert vaair at vust beginnin* an' then us 'ull zure to do 't right." 

VUZ. — Furze or gorse. There is a common saying, **When 
the VUZ be out o' bloom, kissin* be out o' vashun.' ** The 
origin of this saying is that whilst the *' vuz'' bursts into its 
golden splendour in spring and early summer there is 
yet no time of the year when a little bloom may not be 
discovered by diligent search. 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 188 



W 

WAAY.— Distance. 

" E med zee a gurt aaity vrom the top o' our church tower.'* 

WAAYRE.— Beware ; ** take care ! '' 
WAAYZE.— To ooze. 

" The ile u'aayzes out o' the cask, ther mus be a crack zome'er." 

WABBLE, or WOBBLE.— To sway awkwardly from side to 
side. 

Wabbly means ** tottery." 

WABBLES. — Spots floating before the eyes. 

WAD. — A small cock or heap of hay or straw. 
WA-DY (Weedy). — With a weakly constitution. 
WAG. — To move away. 

" Dwoant 'e wag vrom yer till I tells 'e to *t." 

" Her tongue u^s too much." means " she speaks indiscreetly." 

WAGGLIN*. — Rolling to and fro, but without moving to 
another spot. 

WAKE-LIN \— A weak child. 

WALLOP.— To whip. 
A lump. Vide Dollop. 

WALLOPPIN*.— A whipping. 
Very large. 

WANT.— A mole. 

WANTING. — A former name for the town of Wantage. It is 
found thus spelt on some Tradesmen's Tokens as late as 
the seventeenth century. It may be noted that a Bust of 
Alfred the Great, who was born at Wantage, obtains on 
two modern Tokens, vizt. : — On the celebrated and rare 
40s. Gold Token issued by J. B. Monck, Esq., of Reading, 
in 1812, and on the Silver Frome Selwood {Sotnersetshire) 
Tokens issued in i8it. 



184 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

WAPS.— A wasp. 
Wasps are Wapses. 

WAPSY. — Spiteful, saying bitter things of another. 
Testy, hot-tempered. 

WARM.r-To whip. 

*• I'll warm thee jacket vor thee bym by." 
Having money laid by. 

WARN, or WERN. — To warrant, to guarantee. 

•• Times 'ool mend avoor long I'll warn 'e." 

WARNTY. — The warrant as to soundness as given of a horse, 

WARN UTS.— Walnuts. 

WARP. — To miscarry as applied to an animal. 

WAR-WOPS. — The cry raised in attacking wasps with 
branches when burning out their nest. 

WATCH UT.— With the boots and socks wetted through as by 
walking on swampy ground. 

WATER.— ** To water'' horses or cattle is to take them to 
drink. 

" Water bewitched an' wine begrudged," is the expression 
used of grog made too weak. 

WATER-EFFUT.— The water-newt. 

WATER-SQUIRT.— A syringe. 

WATTLE. — To weave brushwood, as in hurdle-making. 

WAUNT.— Was not. 

'* A zes as a wauni ther at all, zo ut cood'nt ha' bin he as done 'ut.'* 

WAW-BEGAN.— Woe begone. 

WAWLIN' ABOUT.— The cry of cats is so described. 

WAX. — ** In a wax " is in a temper. 
Waxy means wrathful. 

WAY JAW LTIN'.— See-sawing with a plank. 

WAY-WUT.— The command to a horse to stop. 

WAZE. — A wisp of straw for rubbing down a horse. 

WELL. — The rising up and overflowing of any liquid, just M 
water rises and flows from a spring. 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 185 

WELL-LOOKI N .—Handsome. 

" Wliat a wtU-lookim' man a be to be zare/' 

WELL-TO-DO. — In good circumstances. 

WELT.— To beat. 

A Weltix'. — A beating. 

WEN. — A hard swelling on the neck. 

WENCHES. — Female servants and young women of humble 
class. See also Maaids. 

WETHER. — This word has similar signification to that given 
in other counties, except that young Wethers of the first 
year, when set aside to fatten, are called Hoggets. 

WEVVER.— However. 

** E hcv a-done I a good bit o* harm by actin' like that ther, «nrv»r us 
want zaay no moor about ut this time.'* 

WHACK.— Full quantity, share. 

" I've got my whack an' zo dwoant want no moor.*' 

A blow. 

WHACKER.— A great lie. 
Something very large. 

WHACKIN'.— A beating. 

WHATE, or WHE-AT.— Wheat. 

WHAT'ST.— " What hast thou?'' 

" WhaVst got hid under thee kwut ?*' 

WHAT'S WHAT.— To know whafs wluU is to be very keen and 
to have had great experience. 

To teach a person what's what is to rebuke him sternly for 
misconduct. 

WHEEL, OR WHALE.— Haze round the Moon, said to 
indicate wet weather. 

WHER.— Whether, also where. 

" I can't zaay it wher I be agwaain or not '* (I can't say yet whether I 
I am going or not). 

WHICKER.— To neigh a little ; to whinny. 

WHILE.— Is used instead of *• time." 

** AVhflU a whili a be gone whoam to his dinner.** 



186 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

WHIMPER.— To cry a little; with hounds " to give tongue " 
slightly. 

WHINNY.— Kwfc Whicker. 

WHIP. — To do a thing very rapidly. 

" Whip thee knife out o* yer pockut an* cut the string." 

WHIP-HAND.— The mastery. 

•• A wqnt get the whip-hand o* I vor all a med try." 

WHIPPER SNAPPER.— A conceited, insignificant little 
fellow. 

WHIRL-I-GIG. — A merry-go-round, as seen at fairs. 

WHIRTLE BERRIES.— Bilberries are always so caUed. 

WHISK. — To snatch anything off very quickly. 

WHISKUT.— A small stick ; a twig. 

WHISTLE. — The mouth. To " wet one's whistle " is a common 
phrase, meaning to imbibe something. 

Whistles — Are made by boys of withy or chestnut at spring- 
time, when the sap is rising and the rind comes off easily. 

WHIT AND DUB. — Musical instruments, formerly used in 
Berkshire villages ; these are like the Pipe and Tabor of 
Scripture. 

WHITE HORSE.— The " Scouring of the White Horse " is 
the operation of clearing afresh the trenches which make 
up the outline of a horse on the hill-side of the Downs near 
Uffington. The figure is about 125 yards long. It is 
supposed to have been constructed in commemoration of a 
victory gained over the Danes on this spot. 

The festivities accompanying the " Scouring of the White 
Horse," which ceremony takes place as occasion may 
require, have been fully described by Mr. Thomas Hughes 
in his work bearing the title. 

WHITE MOUTH.— The children's disease "thrush." 

WHITTER. — Used to describe the cry of small birds when 
uttering doleful single notes. 

WHITTLE.— To flog lightly. 

" A had no call to maayke zuch a bellerin' vor I awnly gin un a bit of 

a whittu:' 

WHIVER.— To hover. 

" I zin the haak whivirin* wher I knawed lome young partridges was." 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 187 

WHO-AM.— Home. 

WHO-AM-MAAYDE. — Made at home, as distinguished from 

BOUGHTEN. 

WHOORD.— A hoard. 
WHOP.— To flog. 

" As zure as e doos ut agin I'll whop e." 

WHOPPIN'.— Very large. 
A flogging. 

WHO ZAAY.— Uncertain report. 

*' 'Tis awnly zart o' who zaay an' I wunt belave ut." 

WHOZEN.— Whose. 

" This yer be-ant my billycock, whozen be un ? " 

WHUR. — A loud whizzing noise. 

"The 'shenin' maaykes zuch a whur as I can't yer 'e spake." 

"Where" is always pronounced Whur or Wher. 
WIDDEROOMAN or WIDDY-OOMAN.— A widow. 
WIGGIN.'— A scolding. 

WIGGLE. — To move a little with a twisting motion. 

" A adder alius wiggles till the zun goes down no matter how much 'e 
med kill 'n/' 

WIK. — A week. ** Weak '' is pronounced ** wake.'* 
WILD-GOOSE-CHAAYSE.— A futile quest. 

WILLUM, or WOOLLUM.— William. 

WILLY-NILLY.— Undecided; also " whether or no." 

WILTERED.— Withered. 

*' The grace be a lookin' main wiltered like, an' wants raain bad." 

WI'N.— With him, with it. 

WIND. — Is used commonly in expressions, 

" To tell which waay the unfid blaws/' is ** To watch keenly 
the drift of events.*' 

'• To get wind of anything," is ** to get some information 
respecting it." 

WIN D-V ALLS. — Fruit blown off trees by wind. 
Unexpected riches. 



188 BJ^RKSHIRE WORDS. 

WIN KIN'. — Used to denote great rapidity. 

*' A bolted like wiukin' as zoon as a zee I a-comin round the corner." 

WINNICK. — The shrill cry of a dog when hurt. . 

*' I yerd un winnick an' thate as a med be caught in a rabbut trap." 

WrOUT.— Unless. 

'* I wunt go wi'out mother goes wi' I." 

WIPE. — " To wipe one's eye " is a common expression for 
shooting and Killing after another has shot and missed. 

WISHY-WASHY.— Pale, colourless. 

" She be got maain wishy-tvashy zence she hev a-bin in the town to live.'' 

Poor in quality, as applied to anything to drink. 
•• This lay be vurry wishy-washy " (i.e,, is very weak). 

WlSP.-Fkfc Sty. 
A handful of straw, as used for rubbing down a horse. 

WITH. — (Rhymes with **m)^h.'*) Brushwood made tough by 
being twisted, used to bind up a faggot or bavin. 

WITHY.— The Willow. This and the Chestnut are used by 
boys for making whistle pipes, because when the sap is up 
the rind comes off very easily on being bruised a little. 

WITHY-BED.— An ozier-bed. 

WITHY-WINE.— The wild convolvulus. 

WIVEL MINDED.— Fickle, capricious. 

WIZZEND.— The throat. 

With shrunken appearance as from bad health. 

Wizzen-Vaayced is a term of contempt, indicating a small 
mean-looking physiognomy. 

WO-AB. — An 'expression used to a horse — '*Wo-a about!*' 
"Steady!" 

WOLF. — ** Us shall kip the wolf vram the door a bit," means 
" We have food enough in the house to last a long time." 

" Wolfish " signifies ** very hungry." 

WONNERVUL.— Very large, great. 

*' Ther be a wmnervul crap o* apples this year to be zure." 

WOOT, or 'OOLT.— Wilt, wilt thou. 

WOP-ALL.— Confusedly, " all of a heap." 

** She missed her vootin' an* tumbled dowa wop^J' 



BBRKSHIRB WORDS. 189 

WORLD.— Large quantity. 

" Ther be a world o* zense in what a zes." 

WORKUS.— The workhouse. 

WORK-A-DAAY. — Common, for ordinary occasions. 

•* I hev awnly got my work-a-daay kwut on." 

" Wofk-a-daayt '* are week days. 

WORM. — ^To attempt to obtain information by close questioning. 
" I tried to worm ut out on in but a kep' what a knawed to hiszelf.*' 

WORRUT.— To worry, to teaze. 

»' If 'e worruts the child zo, 'e ooll maayke un cry." 

WORTLEBERRIES.— Cranberries. 
WRAATHY.— Angry ; bad tempered. 
WRACK.— Brunt, trouble. 

" Thee 'ooll hev to stan' the wrack o' this yer job," i.e., "The con- 
sequences of this will fall on you." 

WRAPPY.— Crumpled, creased. 

** You hev a-vaulded un up zo as to maayke un all wrappy'* 

WRUCK.— A crease. 

" Ther be a wrnck in the leather o' my boot as maayde my voot zoor. 



If 



WUGD. — An expression to a horse, meaning " Move further 
off sideways." 

\V UK.— Awoke. 

WUM. — A worm. 

WUNT.— Will not. 

WURT.— A wart. 

A supposed way of getting rid of Warts which I have known 
practised, was to cut on a short stick notches corresponding 
with the number of Warts ; this stick was then thrown away 
where none could find it, and as it rotted the Warts 
disappeared. 

WUS. — Worse. The word seems curiously declinable — the 
comparative being " WusscTt* and the superlative ** Wust *' 
or •* Wussest:' 



190 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

WUSTED.— Getting the worst of it in any matter, just as 
*< bested " signifies gaining an advantage. 

WUTH.— Oath. 
Also ** worth " is so pronounced. 

WUTS.— Oats. 

WUZBIRD. — A good-for-nothing person. Perhaps a corrup- 
tion of either ** wust bird," or of " whore's bird.*' 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 191 



Y 

YAA. — An interjection, commonly preceding a contemptuous 
remark, 

'• Yaa ! I knawed as *e cood'nt car a zack o* berley." 

•• Yaa ! Zo *ebe come back athout gettin' what e axt vor." 

YANDER.— Yonder. 

YANGIN*. — Saying irritating or teazing things. 

" She be alius a yangin at un, an' that's what maaykes un go awaay 
zo much." 

YAP. — A dog is said to ^^yap " when giving a short surly bark 
accompanied by a snap. 

Also when dogs give tongue falsely in hunting they are said 
to be *^yappin' about." 

YARBS.— Herbs. 

YARN.— To earn. 

" I hopes to yam a bit o' money vor rent come Michaelmas." 
Yarnins are '* earnings.** 

YARN EST. — Earnest. *^Yarnest money*' is the is. given on 
hiring a servant of any kind. The gift of this shilling seals 
the contract. 

YARWIG or YERRIWIG or ERRIWIG.— An earwig. 

YAUP-— To yawn. 

YEA. — A command to horses. "This way." The reverse 

of WUGD. 

YEAD or YUD.— The head. 

YE AD-GO. — The highest score made, as in a game of skittles. 

YEAD-LAN' — A headland. The part ploughed at the head or 
top of the main ploughing. 

YE-AP or YEP.— A heap. 



192 BBRKSHIRB WORDS. 

YEBBLE.— Able. 

" I be got awld an' be-ant yebbU to do much now.*' 

YECKER.— An acre. 

YELDIN. — A good-for-nothing woman. 

YELLOOK.— Look here ! 

YELM. — To straighten straw in readiness for thatching. 

YELPINGAL.— The woodpecker. 

YENT,orENT.— Isnot.. 

YEOMAN. — This title is still occasionally seen painted on the 
back of the " gig " of one who owns land he farms, following 
the printing of his name. 

YEPPATH.— A halfpenny worth. 

•• A yent got a yeppath o' zense '* means •' he is very stupid.*' 

YER. — To hear ; here. 
YERD.— Heard. See Tell. 

YET, or ET.— Eat ; heat. 

** Eaten " is Yetted. 

" I ent Si-yetted nothun' zence isterdaay mamin*." 

YETTIN* HIS YEAD AFF.— Said of a horse eating food in 
the stable but doing no work. 

YIELD.— Produce. 

" Whate maaykes poor yield this crap." 

YOU. — A term of address in accosting one. 

" I zaay You wher bist thee agwaain ?" 

YOURN.— Yours. 
YOWE.— An ewe. 
YOWLIN'.— Howling. 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 198 



" Z " takes tlie place of '*S'' when the latter is initial to a syllable, 
and followed by eitJur A, E, I, O, U, \V, or Y. 



ZAA. — A saw. An application was made at a farm-house 

thus — 

" 'Ooll the Me-uster be zo good, an' zo kind, an' to obligin\ an' zo 
condescendin' as to len' we the maAi^zaa vor to ztia oar me-at ?" 

It may be noted in the above sentence that the same word is 
pronounced both ** mate '* and ** me-at " ; such dual 
pronunciation in analogous cases is not uncommon. 

ZAACE. — Sauce; impertinence. 

ZAACE-BOX. — An impertinent person is so called, but the 
term is often applied good temperedly. 

ZAAT.— Salt. 

ZAAY. — ** I've a-had my zaay,'' means " I've given my final 
opinion." 

ZAAYFE. — Certain. 

A gun is ^'zaayfe to go off'* when there is no chance of it *' missing fire." 

ZAAYVE-ALL. — A tin box nailed up in a kitchen for short 
candle-ends to be put into, so as to be used for greasing 
boots, &c. 

A short length of marble or crockery, matching a candle in 
size and colour, having a pin at the end, whereon candle- 
ends may be placed so that these may be quite burned out. 

ZACK. — To dismiss. When a servant is dismissed he is said 

to " get the zackr 

ZACKIN' ALONG.— Walking rather hastUy. 

" I zee un a zackin' along wi' the box onner his kwat, an' axed un 
wher a got on vram." 

ZAD IRON. — A smoothing iron. 

ZADLY.— Out of health. 

" My awld ooman hev a-bin xadly Uaytdy, bat be tarblish to-daay.*' 



194 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

ZAFT.— Soft ; silky to the touch. 

Silly; credulous. 

Not harsh. 

" I hev alus a-bin vurry xaft wi' un." 

ZAFTY. — A person very easily imposed upon. 

ZAG. — To sink from its'own weight. A rope is said to '' zag'* 
when being drawn tight between two points it afterwards 
loosens a' little and sinks at the centre. 

Z AM M LE. — Samuel. 

ZAP. — The layer of timber coming between the heart and bark 
of a tree is so called. 

ZAPPY.— Lusty. 

" A be grawed a gurt zappy chap an' I should 'nt hardly ha' knawed 
un agin." 

ZAR. — To serve ; to feed cattle. 

'* I mus' zar the pegs avoor I do*s my rackin* up." 

Zard is " served." 
To impregnate. 

ZARMON BELL.— The bell sounded before the Ting-tang as 
a call to church. It denotes that there will be a sermon in 
the service to follow. If there is to be no sermon the 
*' zarmon hell is not rung. It should also be here noted that 
in many parishes a bell is rung at the termination of morning 
service ; this is to annouce and remind that there will be 
service in the afternoon. 

ZARTIN ZURE, also ZARTNY.— Certainly. 

'* A zes as a 'ool do what a pramised this time zartin* zure.'* 

ZART.— Sort. 

" Thems yer zart " means " those are exactly what you want." 
" I cood'nt get none o' no zart nor kine.'* means " I could not get any 
whatever." 

ZART O*. — Means somewhat. 

" I velt tart o' convounded-like " (I felt somewhat confused). 

Out o' Zarts is " in temporary bad health," also • out of 
temper * or irritable. 

ZARVENT ZUR. — Used to be the common salutation from 
one in humble position to a superior, accompanied by a 
curtsey or touch of the brim of the hat. It has fallen into 
disuse. 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 19S 

JIAWL, — Soul. "Bless my heart an' iawl" is a common 
expression of astonishment. 

"ZAWNEY, or ZAANEY.— A very stupid person. 

ZE-AD LIP. — A box supported by a strap which contains the 
seed when sowing is being done by hand and is ' broad cast.' 

ZED AN' DONE.— This expression is used thus: 

" When all's :id an' dont 'e cood'nt expect no good vrom zuch a caw 
IS he be " 

2EE. or ZEED. or ZIN.— Saw. 

ZEE-HO. — The cry given in coursing when a hare is dis- 
covered sitting in her form. 

ZEEIN'S BELAVIN'. — A common phrase on sseing some- 
thing astonishing. 

ZENCE. — Since; sense. 

, ZENSIBLE O'.— Comprehend. 

" A be zo dunny ill Ije maain hard to maayke un itusible a' what I 
tnts un todo " 

IZESSED.— Assessed. 

■' My itiitd taxes comes vurry high this year." 
Estimated, 

" I itsitd the vally o" the land iwice as high zenct the raailwaay be 

ZET.— Sit. 

To Zet Stoor By, means " to value." 

" I dwo-ant set no itoor by them ther things ^ e 'med hev um to kape 

ZETTIN' DOWN. — Severe rebuke given for presumption or 
bad conduct. 

?ii as *ooll maayke her moor keervul 



I ZETTLE — A long wooden bench to accommodate several 
persons ; it is found at way-side public houses and in outer 
kitchens or brew.houses of farm houses. 



liZETTLER.— A conclusive argument or blow. 

'■ A tawld mah if I zed any moor a "ud gie muh the Mck, an' i 
33 a tdlStr an' I come awaay." 



196 BBRKSHIRB WORDS. 

ZETTY, — A ** zetty *' egg is one that has been sat upon by the 
hen for a short time and so rendered unfit for food. 

A ** zetty hen " is one that persists in sitting on the nest after 
the eggs have been taken. When there were no eggs to 
give her the somewhat barbarous cure used to be to put her 
head under her wing, sway her until she was asleep, and 
then throw lier into a horse pond. This was believed to 
cause her to forget her former desire to zet and she would 
then go on laying again. 

ZEY.— The sea. 

ZIAS. — ^Josias. 

ZICK AN' ZAAYTED.— Unable to eat some kind of food on 

account of having had it so often. 

" I be xick an' zaayted v/V rabbuts, an' hawpes us 'ull get a bit o' 
butcher's me-at to-morrer." 

ZICKNER. — A bad experience. 

ZIDLE. — To advance sideways. 

To *^zidU up ** to one is to try to ingratiate one's self in hope 
of obtaining favours. 

" The child come SL-zidlin* up, an' I could zee as a wanted zummut.*' 

ZIGHT. — A very large number or quantity. 

*• Ther was a zigkt o* vawk at Vaair to-daay, to be zure." 

ZI KNAWS ON.— •* That I am aware of." 

*• Ther yent nobody about yer got no vishin*-tackle zi knaws on.'* 

ZILVER SPOON.— To be born with a '* zilver spoon in one's 
mouth '* is to be born to riches. 

ZIM. — To seem. 

ZIMMINLY.— Apparently. 

*' A dwoant mane to come zimminlyt vor a yent answered my letter." 
ZING SMALL.— To humble one's self. 

•' A gin I plenty o* tawk at vust but when a vound I knawed all about 
his goins-on a begun to zing small." 

ZINKERS.— Stockings without feet. 
ZINNIVY. — To matter; to be of importance. 

" Wher a comes or wher a dwoant, dwoant zinnivy to we.** 

ZISTS. — Insist. 

•• If e z/5/s upon 't I 'ooll do 't '* 

ZISTER LAA. — Sister-in-law. Vide Mothi^r-laa. 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 



197 



ZIZZLE. — To fizz; the hissing noise as made by ginger beer 
when " up." 
Also water under the action of boiling is sometimes said to 
xistU." 

ZO AS THAT. — Such like, of such kind, in like manner. 

" Nobody never eies wo notbuD' moor'n a awld paair o' boots as urn 



speaks of " iobblin " 



ZOBBLE.— To soak so as to soften. 
one's bread in milk or gravy. 

ZOCK. — Completely, unreservedly. 

" A veil txk afl the whate-rick an' hort his back.'' 
A blow with the hand. 

" I look un a !ock a-iide o" Ihe yead." 

ZODDEN. — Boiled so as to be flabby and tasteless. 

20DGER or ZAWLGER.— A soldier. One who has enlisted 
is said to be " gone lodgerin'." 

ZOGGED, — Soaked with moisture or rain. 

" The do.alhs as I hung oul to dry be all tog);id wi' (he raain " 
ZOGGY.— Boggy. 
ZOLID. — Very grave or grim. 

" I thate xummut had a gone wrong wi' un, a looked zo intii." 

ZOLOMON'S ZALE. — Solomon's Seal, a plant common in 
the woods. 

ZOME. — Is added to a word to indicate inclination or aptitude, 
thus a dog is said to be "trickzome" when easily taught 
tricks. 

ZOMEBERRY. — " Somebody " is so pronounced. 

Always used for " rather." Zoonest is similarly 



ZOONER, 

"Oode tooniil go 
-To drink. 



1 Newbury or slop at whoam wi' 17" 



ZOOP. 
. ZOOR, 



t'other nanybours." 



i left I. 









I ZOP.— To soak. 

" Zop yer bad vinger in hot water avoor I binds un up wi' rag." 
tZORREL. — The name given to the light chestnut colour of 

horses. Agricultural horses of this colour often bear the 

name " Zarrel." 



198 BERKSHIRE WORDS. 

ZOUGHIN*. — The moaning noise made by the wind. 

ZOUND. — A term applied to indicate perfect health or state of 
repair. ** As zound as a bell** is a common expression. 

ZOUNDLY.— Thoroughly ; completely. 

" A dwoan't do nothun zoundly.** 

ZOUR. — Grass is said to be ** zour'* when of rank growth and 
uneatable by cattle. 

ZOUR ZOP.— A bitter remark. 

ZOUSE. — To immerse in water. 

•• The puppy be got all awver dirt, taayke un an' zouse un to maayke 
un clane. ' 

The ears, trotters and hocks of a Pig. Brawn is always called 
** collared zouse,** 

A blow with the hand. 

'* I gin un a. zouse on the chaps/' f.f., a blow with the fist on the face. 

ZU-ATTY PUDDEN.— A suet pudding. 
ZUCTION.— Drink. 

" I veels as I wants zome zuction an* be a-gwaain to get I a glass o* 
beer." 

ZUGARED.— Sweetened. 

** Be your tay zugared as much as 'e likes ut ?" 

ZUGAR TE-AT. — Sugar tied in a rag and given to a child to 
suck to quit it. 

ZULK. — A term applied to a horse that will not try to do what 
is required of him. 

ZUMMER*S DAAY. — A phrase in common use, thus — 

" As pretty a lass as e'll zee on a zummer's Jaay,** 

ZUMMIN'.— Arithmetic. 

*' A hev a-bin at schoold vor a year an' thaay tells I a be maain sharp 
at his zummin.*' 

ZUMMUT. — Something. It often has a mysterious signification. 

"I zin zummut last night," would be said for '* I saw something 
supernatural last night." 

ZUNDAY CLA WES.— Best suit of clothes. 

" I be agwaain into Readin* an zo mus* put on my Sunday clawes.** 

ZUP. — To eat supper. 
ZvPT is used as preterite, 



BERKSHIRE WORDS. 109 

ZURPLUS.— A surplice. 

ZWAAYRED. — Swore, the noise that an angry or frightened 
cat makes. 

ZWAD. — A layer of hay lying just as cut. See Zwathes. 

ZWACK. — A resounding blow or " whack." 

ZWANKY. — Self-satisfied, somewhat swaggering. 

** That chap be got zo zvaanky laaytely a wants to be vetched down 
a peg." 

ZWATHES. — Rows of hay as lying before made up into 
** cocks.** Vide ZwAD. 

ZWEELIN*. — Singeing the hair off a hog by means of burning 
straw. 

Z WEET-WORT. — Beer in the early stage of brewing, no hops 
being yet put in. 

ZWIG.— A drink. 

ZWILL. — To drink a quantity or habitually. 

•• A zwills like a vish.*' 



ZWILLY-HAWLE. — A hole whereby a small stream of water 
disappears into the ground. There is a ZwUly-hawh at 
Well-nouse, a hamlet of Hampstead Norreys. 



ZWIMS. — The expression, ** My yead zwims ** is used for *• I 
am feeling giddy.** 

ZWINGEL.-The top part of the threshing flail. 

ZWINGIN*. — Very large, very excellent. 

*' I hev done a swingin* good daays work to-daay." 

ZWI PES.— Very poor beer. 

ZWISH. — A little tough stick as used with a riding horse. 

ZWITHIN*S-DAAY.— " St. Swithin's " Day is the day on which 
the apples are christened. If it should rain then it will 
rain also on the forty days following. 

ZWIZZLE.— To drink. 

ZWOP. — To exchange (common). 



BUTTEKWOKTH AND CO., PRIXTERS, \IAXCH£ST£3- 



RUTLAND WORDS. 



RUTLAND WORDS. 



COLLECTED BY 



THE REV. CHRISTOPHER WORDSWORTH. M.A.. 



RECTOR OF TYNEHAM, DORSET 
(And lately of Glaston, Rutland). 



Xon^on : 

PUBLISHED FOR THE ENGLISH DIALECT SOCIETY 

BY KEGAN PAUL, TRUBNER & CO., PATERNOSTER HOUSE, 

CHARING CROSS ROAD. 

189I. 



INTRODUCTION. 



The following collection of words and phrases has been made 
during a twelve years' incumbency in the county of Rutland 
{Wrangdike Hundred). Several items have been contributed 
by the Rev, P. G. Dennis, rector of N, Luffenham,and others 
by the late rector of Stretton, the Rev. Edward Bradley, more 
widely known as " Culhbert Bede." 

I have neither time nor confidence to attempt a scientific 
I introduction. I will add a very few random hints as to local 
^ peculiarities. 

'Come,' 'Butter,' &c., are pronounced 'Coom,' 'Booter.' 

' Chance,' ' Mince,' are 'Clianch,' •Minch,' 

' Quench," ' Quince,' are 'Sqiuticli,' ^Squinch' or 'Quince.' 

' Cornice' is ' Cornish.' 

The final e is pronounced as a sort of possessive termination 
in ' Prince-feathers,' ' Rose-tree,' and sometimes ' QuincO-trec.' 

'Bladder,' ' Ladder,' ' Ivy,' are 'BUtlier' or ' Blather,' 
^Lether,' 'Ivory.' 

'While' is used as ecjuivalent with 'till.' 

•At-a night," 'Of-a Thursday,' 'Of-a night.' 

'Me-thinks.' F- is sounded th- in 'from,' 'furrow'; on 
I the other hand we have ' iistle ' for ' thistle.' -T- is suppressed 

■ in place-names : Ays'on, Glns'on ; -th- in Edi'weston. We 

■ liave Market O'erton, Mar'st'rop ; the eastern and western 
T lordships of the little county are Essendine and Whis- 

lendine. 

'Who' he Hum ship?' means 'Whose are those sheep?' 'Whoh 
jcan say 'er lessings V (' Who can say her lessons ?') 



VI INTRODUCTION. 

Dale = deal. 

Sarvice, Clargyman = service, clergyman. 

Cayzed = cast. 

Fuzz or Fooz = furze. 

Goss = gorse. 

* Frit,* * Glent,' * Pept,* as preterites, speak for themselves. 

Oi've, yo've, we'm = I am, you are, we are. 

For plurals we have * Beast,* * Poses* {i.e., posts), 'Clozen/ 
* Housen,* * Plazen,* * Nesses,* * Frosses.* 

We often drop (i) the preposition and (2) the possessive 
case inflexion. * He goes Uppingham of-a Wednesday.* • Joe 
Sumpter* grandson.' * The Queen* childer.* I found examples 
of these latter peculiarities (as of several others mentioned in 
thp Glossary) alike in the eighteenth century parish accounts 
and in the mouths of my late parishioners. 

FIELD-NAMES. 

The old field-names mentioned in the rectorial terrier of 
Glaston parish, then unenclosed or 'open fields,' in 1635 are 
as follows : The Northe Fielde ; the Myllne Fielde ; the West 
Fielde ; Parte of the Myllne Fielde ; and the Southe Fielde. 

Gorgimer : Little Gorgimer, Great Gorgimer Close, and 
Top Gorgimer Close, the names of three fields in map of 184 1. 

Holmes : * South Holmes,' the name of two closes or fields 
in parish plan, 1841. 

Lings : The name of two closes in the Glaston parish map, 
1 841. 

Muxwells : The name of two closes in map of 1841. 

The Rev. P. G. Dennis sends me the following lists of 

(i.) Danish words in use in Rutland: Brig, clep, flit, frem, 
kittlin*, muck, rig, thack. 

(ii.) Words used in Rutland in a peculiar sense, etc. : Acquainted 
(courting), balk, con-tent, disannul (not elsewhere in everyday 



INTROUUCTION. VU 

use), gain, a-joisting, stall, teem. Mr. Dennis remarks that 

llie number of peculiar forms of words or pronunciation is in 

this part of the Midlands comparatively small. 

, (iii.) Place-names in Rutland (almost all of them having A.B. 

minations, such as -cote, -den, -ham, -ton, -wick, -worth; 

some of them, as -den, suggestive of forests and outlying 

pastures in woods) : -Cote (a mud hut), Caldecole, Morcott, 

Tickencote. -Den (outlying pasture in woods), Barrowden, 

I Essendine and Whissendine (the eastern and western parishes) ; 

srhaps, also, Hambledon aliai Hambleton, and Lyndon. 

^Ham, Clipsham, Empingham, Greethani, Langham, Luffen- 

m, Oakham, Uppingham. -Ley (pasture), Burley-on-the- 

'., Leafield Forest, Wardley, Witchley. -More, Cottesmore. 

, Ayston, Belton, Brauoston, Casterton oy Brig-Caster- 

, Edithweston or Edywesson, Kgleton or EgHnton, Exton, 

plaston, GlaistonorGladeston, Ketton, Lydington or Lidding- 

m, Manton, Market Overton [or Orton), Normanton, Pilton, 

Preston, Ridhngton, Seaton or Seyton, Stretton, Snelston, 

bistleton, and possibly Lyndon. -Well, Ashwell, Tinwcll, 

Tiitwell. -Worth (property, farm), Pickworth. 

Besides the above, we find, either in actual use or in Speed's 
itp, the Dames following : — 

-Thorpe, Thorpe-by-water, Alesthorp, Barleythorpe, Bel- 
estborpe, Gunthorpe, Ingthorpe, Martinsthorp or Marstrop, 
pTcdthorpe. 

Barrow, Barnsdale, Beaumont, Bisbrook or Bittlesbrook or 
'jsbrook, Brooke, Catmose, Deepdale, Drystoke or Stokedry, 
litteris, Rakesborough, RyallofRyhall, Stocken oj- Stock king, 
Cixover or Tichesoure, Teigh or Tyghe, and Wing or Weng 

> Veyinge. 
YiHuudreds : Alstoe, Martinsley, and VVrangdike, the East 

ladred, and the Soke of Oakham. 
fiMr streams are: The Eye, Cliater, and Guash or Wash, 
tning into the Welland. 



Vm INTRODUCTION. 

The names, as given in Domesday Book, are : Grethan, 
Cotesmore, Overtune, Tistertune, Wichiagedene, Exentune, 
Witewelle, Alestaneatorp [Alstoe Hundred] , Burgelai, Exwelle, 
in Alinodestov Wapetitake ; Ocheham, Hameldune, Redlingtune, 
in Martinslei Wapentac, attached to ' Ledecest re scire.' 

Under the head of ' Norlhantone scire " we find Chetene, 
Techesoure, Berchedone, Seietone, Segestone or Segentone, 
Torp, Morcote, Bitlesbroch and Gladestone, Lufenham and 
Sculetorp, Castretone, Toltorp, Epingeham, Riehale, Tichecote 
and Horn, in Gishbttnj Hundred, WicaUa Wapentac. 

Lidentone, Stoche, Smelistone, Caldecote, and Esindone, in 
Gisleburg Hundred. 

The Wapentakes Alinodestov and Martinsleie, 'adiacent 
uicecomitatui Snotigeham ad gl'd regis.' 

CHR. WORDSWORTH. 

TvHEHAU, DoRGiiT, Uoy. Iggl. 



GLOSSARY. 



The following abbreviations are used;— 



ade. =advcrb 

c/. — compare 

«i(i/.=conjunctioa 

(*^i.= expletive 

laltrj. = \aieTiea\on 

/ijf(. = panic i pie 

Pu. = peculiar idiom or usage 

fhr. = phrase 



/.=preierite 
/./. = pasl paiticiple 
fr. = pronoun 
/«/. = preposition 
ii. ^substantive 

wr/i-on, -various pi 



ACKURN, 56. mr.proti. of "acorn." 
ACQUAINTED, part, in the first stage of couning. 
ADDLE, v.a. to earn wages, 



AFORE LONG, adr. before long. 

AGAIN, /r«/. near. 
"Agtn the hedge." 

AGE,/«, In Rutland the same peculiarities as in Leicester- 
shire. Examples ; " Shay's in 'er ten," " A's gooin' thootaio," 
"Gooin' o' twelve," "Gooin' fur eeghty." 

AGREEABLE, adj. ready and willing. 
■■ Shay's agneubli, I'm be bound I" 

AJOISTING, sb. and pr. a. payment for feeding and depasturing 
of cattle. Agiitment (' agiitamentum,' •aghtare animatta,' Du 
Cange, G/c?ji.). 

'■ Them bisn't his own ship (sheep) -, them's on'y som' as Mr. X. has 
got ajoiifing." 

ALL, AND ALL, adj. pec. an expletive or emphatical phrase. 
" He's Qol very n'ell, and the weather's rather inferial andaU." 
" Who should come by jusi then but ibe Honourable tf«<io«" (though 
the Hon. A. B. who came up so inopporlunelj was unaccompanied). 
" We had a teg'lar good holiday >ir' all." 



i 



2 RUTLAND WORDS. 

ALL AS IS, phr. the sum total ; everything imaginable. 
ALLUS, adv. var. pron. of ** always." 

ALONG OF, adv. because of. 

*' He come downstairs sheddering, an* went oop back'ards along of his 
rheumatiz." 

AN, the indefinite article, is seldom used before a vowel. We 
say " a orange," ** a egg," or, as a friend of mine always spells 
it, ''aag:' 

AND ALL. See All. 

ANEW or KNEW, adv. enough. 

" I suppose we shall have seed potatoes atuw this turn.'* 

I fina that Professor Conington, who came from a neighbouring 

district (South Lincolnshire), more than once, in his Translation of Horace, 

makes •• enow " rhyme with " due." 

APPRALITOR, sh. var. pron. the bishop's apparitor. 

''Given the Appralitor to Excuse us from going to ye Visitacion, 
25. td.** — Churchwarden* s Account, 1720. 

APPROBATION, sh. opinion. 

" I can't make out what's wrong wi' her ; so I shall send for Clark [we 
never call doctors ' Mr./ but treat them all as if they were at the head of 
their profession] , and get his approbation of it " (i./., his opinion on it). 

ARRAWIG, sb, an earwig. 

•• Them arrawigs I " 

ARCH-ITECT, var. pron. of "architect." An elegant classical 
scholar of my acquaintance similarly speaks of the University 
arch-hives. 

ARK, sb. clouds shaped like the vesica piscis. 

"They say, when you see the hark, it mostly tokens rain." 

AS, var, pron. for **that.** 

"The last time as ever I see him he called me all as is." 

ASHLAR, sb. hewn stone. 

" For work done at Glaston Wire. For 52 foot of Parpen Ashler and 
Coping, and for mending the Since, i/. 85." — Auounts, 1743. 

AT-A, pec. 

" When I do get to bed at-a night my joy passes subscription." 
I am not sure that this is not the common -e termination, as in 
Chaucer*s language. 

AUDOCITY. See Docitv. 



KUST. "Paul's Aust." the name of a field in the tithe award, 
1841 : now (1885) known as "Paul's Orts." 



^ACKEN, v.a. to retard. 

" These frosles hev backiiud em a bit.'' 

BACKING, ib. smaU coal. 

■ Your sloves will take a good deal of baikiiis " 

|BACK-END, //!»■. 

"TheiurA-*nd o' the year." 

] BACK-LANE, sb. a by-way leading from the n 

' BAD, adj. behindhand. 

■"She got a quarter tiiii in her rent." 

I BADGE, .■. 

"It's aioJgiMf job" {qii^re, 



of"bcitching"). 



I BADGE, v.». ? to beg, on pretence of hawking. 

"To be allowed to John Balnea (or causing Two parts of the Act of 
PartiaTnem for Badgmi; paupers to be wrote, one for the Juitices and (he 
other upon Ihe Church Door of Ibis parish, is." — Ovinttr i Account. 1759. 

b.\DLY, adv. sickly. 

■'Pepper* child Baddty . gave them 4s. &(," — C\asloji Parish A aoiinh, 
1708. 



small heaps before putting it into 



BAG, v.a. to put up hay i 
cocks. 

BALK, sb. (A.S. "bale") a strip of grass which divides one 
portion of land from another. This is used especially in 
unenclosed lordships. 

■^ARM, ih. brewer's yeast ; also " Balm." 

■' For Balm for Baking." — Ovirutr's Accounts, tyty. 
BALDRACK, sh. 

"Foixn&V.iagiDKvi Baldrack to Bell Claper, 21."— Jfn'u«Is. 176.1, 

BASS, sb, a hassock tor kneeling. This name is now used 
regardless of what the material used for covering may be. 
'■ Some of the basus in Church want mending." 

"Them bauei arc wore all to muck "(of some old coarse straw hassockt! 
rotted with damp). 

'"To a Communion Bms. ai. SJ," — Chunk Accovnl, 17J4. 
"Paid pro 3 Batsts, 2 pro the Communion, table, the other for the 
Claik, II, ad."~-i7io. 



BASTILLE, sb. the Union Work-liouse. "Culhbert Bee 
reports that he has heard this term, a rehc (as he says) of 
France in 1789, used in Rutland as Mr. Hughes records it in 
Cockneydora in the Scouring of the While Horse. 

BATTUS or ? BATTERS, ib. 

"1 was OQ ibe balUs of the railway an' ray fut slipped.' 

BEACON, sb. a hillock in Glaston on which the beacon-fire 
was formerly lighted. In recent times this name is corrupted 
into "the Deaten." But in Speed's map the old name 
occurs. Also "Two loads against the Beaan in Barrowden 
Lane," — Highway Accounts, 1744. 

1 Rutland. 



BEANS survives as a dissyllable 
BEAUTY, a common name for a hoi 



are "Bonny" and "Captain." 



sb. pi. homed catth 
auctioneers' notices, &c, 



in Rutland ; such also 
This plural appears even in 



1 the Inspeciors for taking an account 



BEAST, 
print i: 

" Paid (by the Churchwarden) 
oflheBfJK, 101.*'— 1748. 

BEESNINS, sb. beestings, the milk after a cow has calved. 

BEES, sb. used not of honey bees only but wasps, if not large 
flies. 

BEESOM, sb. a gardener's broom. 

" The Clark for shovliag of snow and going Uppingham had 3 pints of 
ale and a new Btasam, gd." — Church Aranmls. ij&g, 
" Paid ffox pro Bniome, 6rf." — Chmih Auounti, xjii, 
" A flwidu. 6d,"— lyaS. 

BEING. This word is used as equivalent to "seeing" (some- 
what as in Hooker's Ecclesiastical Politie). 
" Why shouldn't you use il, being as il's youoi ?" 

BELCHING, adj. bragging, like an empty wind-bag. 

" But 1 doanl think nowt to what he say : he's a. bikhmg ioil of a man." 

BENTS, sb. phr. blades of grass. 

" There was nothing staunch where 1 stood on'y bmls, and the stoopd 
boy runned the tine 0/ a fork into my guides. Dr. E. ought me to keep 
a bit cf leasty bacon to it," 



BESOM, . 



. a birch broom. 



BIS, i.e., BES, sb. third person ; 
■■ She ill fifteen year old."* 



QguJar of " 1 be"= is 



BLAME IT, v.a. a common imprecation. 



Bl-TLAND WORDS. 5 

BARM ! txcl. another form of the last -named expletive. 
BLATHER, sb., rar. f^raii. of ■' bladder " ; also " Blether.' 
BLEE, adj. bleak. 

■■The wind an' the (rosles makes fine work with the blackberries. 
parlic'lar where the bUt comes " (1 f., wherever there is an exposed place). 

The late rector ol Lyndon spell the word " biy," " bly weather." 

BLETHER, sb. var. pron. of " bladder." 
BODGE, v.a. to botch or patch up. 
BONES, pkr. to fall abusing one. 



■' She fell a-inn. 
BONNY, a<fy. pretty. 

'■ But she's a bamy 1 



e and call'd n 



iman, she is!" enclaimed a farmer, when a 
came in lo be examined by the Board o( 

BOON, t.ti. to help another in an emergency in expectation of 
a like good turn, e.g., in getting in hay, 

" We've come a-bcnniHi." 
BOUT, ih. a turn. 

"You have a try, Mr. N ." -Not Msbeul. Ihank you!" 

, lad's-love) the popular strong- scented 



BOVS-LOVE. 16. (1,?, 
herb southernwood. 



BRANGLE v.a. to wrangle or quarrel. 
ijfiREER, sb. moitosyllahic , var. pron. of " brier," a hedge. 

rhymes with "here" 



■' I'll clean up they hriirs." 
"Cuthberi Bede " notes that " brii 
old ballad of the Battle of Otlerbaurne. 



I BRIG sb. bridge. 

^BRONTITIS,ji. t 

|EROOSH, <-ar. fro: 



ic pron. of "bronchitis." 
of " brush," a broom, 

. Gd."— Church AiCitunli, 17O8. 



BULLY, St. a tadpole (? bull-head). 
' We ua'd to call 'em bullies whi 



[Bunch, sb. ? mouth, jaw. 

" Hold your chelp I" " You hold your bunth 
IBUNTER, sb. a disreputable woman. 

" She stood at the ^ate and called r 




6 RUTLAND WORDS. 

BUT, v.a. to abut. 

•• 2 rods butting vppon greate Coppie leas." — Glaston Terrier, 1635. 

BUTT, sh. a narrow " land " (as in Leicestershire). 

CADE, sh. a pet animal brought up by hand in the ** house" 
(f.^., kitchen). Also adj. 

" Edie Thorpe has a cade lamb, and farmer Mason's wife she hev a 
little cade pig." 
'* She's quite a cade " (a pet child). 
The word is applied to tame doves, or even to a sociable cat. 

CADELING, part. n. coaxing, as accustomed to be petted. 

** The master's dog, he's such a cadeling thing ; he comes cadelin^ and 
making a fuss ever so. He comes with me into the room, and, ' wow, 
wow.' says he. Thinks I, * He's through the glass at the dead (i.e., stuffed) 
fox, for sure ! ' " 

CALL, sh, occasion, necessity. 

" You've no call to walk all them miles." 

CALL, v.a. to miscall, abuse. 
*' She caUed him no end." 

CAMPHOR, v.a. to give camphor in medicine. 

•• I says to her, * He'll be SL-camphorin* of you, Martha.' " 

** Oh yes. sir, he*s a deadly man for camphorin\ is Dr. Brown." 

CANTLIN, ib. See Scantling. 

CARLOCK, sh. var. pron. of ** charlock" and "cadlock," sinapis 
arvensis. 

" That's carloch — some calls it 'charlock.' " 

CARPET, v.a. to have a subordinate into one's sanctum for a 
scolding. 

"The squire called him into his own room and carpeted him a good 'un." 

CARRY, v.n. to carry hay or corn home. 

"We shall soon be having the gleaning, farmer Woodcock's aL-carryin' 
to-day." 

CAZ'D or CAYZ'D, var. pron. of " cast." 

" I feel quite cayz*t down." 

"There is a caz'd sheep in the pasture" (i.e., flung on its back). 

CASUALTY, adj. in a ticklish or precarious state. 
** Horses is casalty things, you're sure ! " 

CAT-HEARTED, adj. cowardly. 

" He cries every time: he*s so cat -hearted^ you see ! " 



—Parish Acronuls. 1766, 
(pronounced like 



^Parish Acci 
'. pron. (quasi plural) of " narcissus," a flower. 



CAUSEY, $h, var. pron. of " causeway. " 
'■ A man one Days Work at the Carsiy, is.' 

|CA"VE-IN, r.a. rar. frm. of "cave-ii 
"calve," to rhyme with "halve"). 
'■ The well la'ved-in, and all the town was ir 
■■They'm had a " " 
digging for Mr. N— 

— CC- is pronounced soft in such words as " assept," " assept- 
able," " vassinate." 

'■Dr. Bell's Bill for iz months attendance on the Poor, and 24 Paupers 
VauinaliKg for the Cow Pox. 9J. iii." — Parish Acmunl, iSig. 

tCESSES, ji. 1 

( CHANCH, sb. var. pron. of " chance." 

I CHARM, si), several combined noises, not necessarily melodious. 

" A charm of birds.'' A fox i;ets into a henroost : "The fowls clucked, 
the cocks crowed, turkeys gobbled, t-eese hissed, dof;^ barked, men 
shonted, and, my word ! there was a chiimi .'" 

CHATS, sb. phr. twigs or sticks for fuel. 

"■rve been picking oop these little bits ol chals in my apern." 

CHEER, ib. var. pron. of " chair." 

'■Set acA«f agin the foire." 
CHELP, v,n. to chirp like young birds ; to chatter or speak 
pertly. 

" If you think to correct Ihent, children now-a-dAys vrill ehtlf at you 
and sauce jou." 

CHELP, si. chatter. 
" Hold your ilirlp '" 
' CHIMBLE, v.a. to nibble. 

"The ow'd doe rot wut ihiaibUng the gress up oi the trap, an' it kelchi 
her jest of the nose." 

T CHIMLY. sb. var. pron. of "chimney." 

[ CHINE, sb. a splint or stave. 

"The doctor put my leg in pieces of wood like bucket -cAtiifj." 

CHIP OUT, v.a. to quarrel. 

•' He lodged with his own brooiher while they ckippid owl , and then he 

[ CHIT, v.a. to sprout. 

"The wht^ai bust afore it ekillii," ■'His potatoes were more chilled 
than Durn." "The turps (lumips) is bqinuing to chil." 



RUTLAND WORDS. 

CIIITTY WHITE-THROAT, sb. a bird— the white-throat. 
See also Prggy and Straw-sucker. 

CHORCH, var.pron. for ^church." 

" Fetching the Chorch Doore, is. ()d,'*'-'Parish Accounts, 1769. 
•' For Oltiton Ckorch:*-~Parisk Accounts, 1749. 

CHUMP, sfr. a thick log of wood. Applied metaphorically to a 
Sturdy child. 

*' Ht were a greAt chump of a boy." 

CHURCHING, sb. any service in church not confined, as it is 
by custom in some classes, to the Thanksgiving of Women. 
•• U there tknrchini tonight ?*" 

CLARGYMAN, sb. var.pron. for «*clergyman." 

** If you touches them, all I can say is, you're no cUirgyman /*' 

CLAP, v.a. to lay, place, or cast. 
** CUif a loomp o' coal on (ht fbire.** 

CLAT^ sh. . /r»ii, of «* clot *' and " dod," a piece of dirt or 
filth. 

CLAT, rui« to slick together or clog. 

*' II H4h in my throat**' 
CLAYPER, 1*. the dapper of a bdh 



CLIFF-MAN, 5^ a stake used to support a stack. The kxal 
etx^mology deri\>es this name from tbe £act that these props 
ct^Vft fion) King's Cliife^ in Northamptonshin^. 

^' \\> caU^ >M .^/Hwm. V)» tbey^ mostly cm in Clifle voods.** 



CI.IP^ «k the quantity of wool shorn in one season from one 
flock. 

CLOXGW «ir* or si*, applied »> sdff day soil- 

CLOSE; sk. CLOSEN K. (fr^ **ckM«^> aa esndaed field. 



I^asttR^ GjMl. rka)6. Xoe^. OiUL ^(c« ncsscn Laiae. ^tanxr T^ 
and l^c«K«a^ F.*a^ naiwr':^. C^cikV Bfrn^^cm &. Bern & Tcnnaaia «;. 
ADmiX MDsiir'^ Osit, riaoik. FnracL Xlnm^ I>rr« Caseri^oBr C-sroinL 
\Ortlkt, ^Ji^Klift. I.ra^, Basi: iFc<s& Fjtr Tn^. Baoam Mia5iei Bciaam 

IP^BrVh. T^l^^dc^C^OD AORl. )itff^ OiOCfflllMK' fl^VK fiH^ T<o. FOCTT Jkcsi^. 

V^i^. I>Mt Ijoie. H&i^ <^«>^ Hsue /Glcihe «nc l^i BcW^/s. 
>Kier. Fitili^vmiL. f^ {his^, H^m . liidd)& Ntsibcr. GAassjiiL icrr ilie 

CLOT> A a ckcL 



COACH UP, e.fl. to keep one up to the work. 
" 1 don't know as how you'd get much by tating ou 
best go on {caching him up,'" 

I COAL-HOD. sb. a coal-scuttle. What Dr. Evans says of 
Leicester shire holds good for the most part in Rutland, that 
the coal-scoop is unknown. Glaston Rectory is the exception, 
where a town architect has constructed an underground cellar 
with a trap suited for sea-coal. 

COBBLES, sb. pi. pieces of coal of medium size. 

I COCKLES, li.//, the white campion. 

; CONEYGEAR CLOSE, a field in Glaston famous for rabbits. 
Thus spelt in 18+1. Now " Cunniger Close," 1S90 ; " Coney- 
gree," 1721; " Coney groof," 1720; " Coneygreys," 1749; 
" Coneygrays," 1774. 

CONFIRMANT, si: persons brought to the bishop to be 
confirmed by him ; now vulgarly called confirmees. 

" For my own charges at ihe Confirmation, 15, Paid Mr Belgrave for 
hi9 trouble at Ibe Bishop's coofirmalioa attending the churchwarden and 
yoang Conjitmanls, ^j. 6rf." — Accauitti, 1748. 

[• CONSARN, var, pron. for "concern," 

"Going in with the List amsaiiiing the Militior. is." — Conitabli's 
Aeeount, 1769, 

I iCONSARN I excl. a softened form of imprecation. 

f CONTEND, v.n. to come to terms, agree, get on, jog on together. 

" She's in sarvice with hercoosen, an'.beingacquainted, they know how 



CONTENT, V. ftfi. to settle down. 
" She begins to loni -litit herself," 

tONTRIVE! txcl. a softened expletive or disguised imprecation. 

PCONVENIENCE, v a. to accommodate. 

" The chamber's not ccKvi'iicnctd wilh a fire-place." 

pORKEY, adj. left-handed. A common nickname. 

ORN-DRAKE, sb. the landrail or corn-crake, rallus crex. 

gORNISH, sli. var. prim, of "cornice." 

OW-COTTAGER, ib. a class of peasants. 

" What the; call in our village (Ridlinglon) a com-ealtagtr . ' 



lO RUTLAND WORDS. 

COWHOLD WAY. " Upper Cowholdway'' and " Nether Cow- 
hQldway^'' names of fields in Glaston, 1841. 

CRAW, sh. throat. Used in Rutland sometimes of the throat 
of a human being. 

CREED, v.fl. to boil, e.g.j rice for making ** plum-boil rice." 
(Halliwell gives the form to ** cree.*') 

CREW. YARD, sh. a farm-yard: 

•* The well in the criw-yard caaved in." 

CROFT. " Nettle Croft;' a field in the plan of 184 1. 

CROOKLE, adj. curling. 

•'He wur all for his crookU stench-traps. • No, sir/ says I, * I beg 
your pardon. It don't want no confining. What you want is stench- 
pipes. You run *em up as high as your chimney, and they'll be no 
eyesore." " 

CROW-FLOWER, sh. the common buttercup. 
CRUSH, v.n. to crowd or press rudely. 

" Don't yoQ cruih, now !'* 

CUBBY-HOUSE and CUBBY-HUTCH, sh. a coop or hutch. 

CUCKOO, sh. purple orchis. 

•* Them's cuckoos " (in a May-garland, 1881). 

CUDGEL, vM. to manage. 

•• I can't cudgel it nohow. " 
CURB, sh. a two-handled windlace. 

" They swung him in a skip, and joost wound him up to the top of the 
steeple with a coorb." 

DAHN, sh, var.pron. of **dawn." 

DALE, sh. var. pron. of ** deal "; spruce fir, timber, or pine. 

•• For Two Duble Dales, price 6s." — Accounts, 1739. 

" For Bringing some Dales over, is. 6d, — 1744. 

" Dale Close/' a field in the Glaston maps, seems to have a different 
derivation. In a Terrier of the last century it is '* the Close lying in the 
Dale." 

DAY, phr. to "pass the day" or "pass the time of day," to 
give an ordinary greeting. 

*' I don't know him : only just to pass the time 0' day." 

*' It don't seem nat'ral when a neighbour doesn't pass the day" 



Rl'TI.A\n 



>RD<:. 



DAWDLER, sb. a lounger. 

■' He's a reg'lar diiudiir, he is." 
I should not have ihoughl it worth while t^ 
vincialism, were it not that so experienced n writt 
a Kutlandiam. 



s Dorior Brown." 



or scolding. _ 

on dinging me. I don'l wsnt 



] record this as a 

. ^ . ..iras "Cuthben Bi 

has reckoned 

DEADLY, adv. sufitrlaim. 

" I was always dmdly soft. hearted, I 
" " "■- a /liadly man for camphorin' t 

I DENIAL, sb. privation, trial. 
" Deafness i<i a great iltninl " 
DEPASTURE, v.a. to feed cattle. 

■• For Taking an account of the sevrall Horned Caiile Dffasliirtd 
the lordship. 51,'*— Glaaton Cmtsrabtc's Aceoknt. :7^7. 

, VIKE. sb. var. pyoH. of "diich." 
" February ftW-dyht" (proverb), 
■■Hecoomovertheir*,'.'' 

\ DIKE, i;,». to be a ditcher. 

He can hedge, an' grip, an' ilykt, i 

DING, V.a. to worry or deafen by 1 
" You may go if you please ; only di 
to be dung to death." 

" He had sold out all his oranges, and then he almost din^'d me to 
death to bay his basket " (of an itinerant vendor). 

DINGE or DINGY, v.a. to soil or dirty. 

" It iingcs (or ? dingies) my hands, sitting in the house.'' 

I DINGLE, .■. var. proir. of " tingle." 
■'A dmgling pain." 
" It's a-dtaglinE now : a kind of nettle feel " (in a painful leg) . 

I DISANNUL, '-.0. to abolish. As in Leicestershire, this word 
is used in Rutland in more commonplace connexions than in 
some other districts. 

I-DISBOSTMENT or DISBORSMENT, var. pron. for "dis- 
bursement." In Glaston parochial accounts from 1760101795 
these are the favourite modes of spelling, and they fairly 
represent the varying pronunciations of similar syllables at 
the present day. DisboasUd occurs once in 1 770, 

DISGEST, v.a., DISGESTION, sb.. rar. pron. of "digest," 
"digestion," 

ai, noi so as to diigtit Ihem.' ' 
PiTHER, (i.H. to shiver with cold ; also li.//. fright, excitement. 
'■ Those children keep me in the diihin. they do." 



12 RUTLAND WORDS. 

DOCITY ; also ODOCITY, sb. ability, gumption, ? audacity. 

** He had lost all his docity.'' 

'* I seems as if I hadn't the odocity to work, or to eat, or anything." 
" You ought to have gone out in the forenoon when the weather was 
warm." invalid Convalescent : *' Yes ; but I hadn't the dossity.** 



DOCK, v.a. to lower wages. 

*'Mr. A has docked his men as last Saturday, I suppose." 

DODDERIL, sb. or adj. a pollard tree. 
*' The boundary is by yon old dodderil oak. 

DODDERS, sb. pi. coarse reeds and rushes in swampy land. 

DOSSITY, sb. See Docity. 

DOTE, ? v.n. to rot ; DOTED, part. adj. 
'*The wood in the belfry 's all doted.'* 

DOWN -FALL, /Ar. a fall of rain or snow. 

*'Theer*ll be soom downfall of soom sort ere long.'* 

DRABBITI expl. a disguised imprecation. Cf. Colman*s 
Heif-at'LaWj v. 3. 

DRAW, sb. a drive, distance. 
"It's a long draw to Melton/* 

DRUGS, sb. a timber-wagon. 

" No drug-vfay here " (a notice on a bridle-road). 

DRUSHPITTS, pr. n. a place-name in Glaston Terrier^ 1635. 

••2ro. in Drushpitur 

DUMMEL, sb. a dolt. 

EARNEST, sb. a hansel or customary payment of first-fruits or 
"footing." 

" Paid William peson, Mr. Tryon's servant, Earnest at taking up the 
wood and for Dinner, 65. M, — Church Account (respecting a great oaken 
beam), 1750. 

EDDISH, sb. the second crop or after-math. 
•• There wur no eddish this turn." 

EDIE, proper name. This is not a shortened or endearing form 
of a woman's name here, but the most usual pronunciation. 
Similarly the name of the village Edithweston is pronounced 
" EdiVesson." 

ELVER, v.a. to grow soft. 

•• Her bag elver*d, and her milk-pokes came down '* (of a sick cow). 



RLtTLAND WORDS. IJ 

EGGS AND BACON, sb. a common name for the wayside 

flower of our lanes, lotus corniculatus. 

ENEW, adv. var. proii. of " enough." See Anew, 

I ERRIFF, sb. cleavers, a weed, galiunt aparine. 
■• The crop wur half irrif." 

EYABLE, adj. pleasant to the eye. 

' FALLINGS, si././, windfall apples. 

■■ There's a nice mess o' /.lUiags in your orchard." 

FAR, adj. comparative in respect of place. " Far Close," 
" Far Pan Close," " Far Wier," " Far Darn Close," are 
names occurring in the Glaston tithe award plan, 1841. 

FALSE or FAUSE, adj. sly-looking, cunning, knowing; not 
necessarily with any ill connotation. 

" Your little girl [ihree-y ear-old] looked as falsi at me whan I passed 
bet in the road V 

\ FEAST ib. the parish wake or fesium dedicaiionis tccltsiir. This 
is not always the Patron Saint's Day (fislutn loci as it was 
called), btit more generally the anniversary of the church 
opening, dedication, or consecration. Before the Reformation 
both occasions had a special local celebration, and the 
Ordinary had power to authorize a transference of the latter 
if it fell at an inconvenient or inclement season. 
'■ She'll be thirteen come Glas'on/wjl," 

I FECK, FECKT ? v. or adj. the opposite of " feckless." 
)t quite /crAf " (i.e., not quite all his wits). 

[ FEELTH, sb. feeling, sensation. 

" Had his feet any more ftcUk in 'em when you seed him to-day ?" 

Fettle, ».«. and a, to make fit, settle down. 

:e /lining day, sit; the road ia settling nicely after (he storm." 
IFEZZLE, sb. a Utter of pigs. 

F FIELD, sb. a parish or lordship. This term carries us back to 
the days before Enclosure Acts. There was "an Act for 
dividing and inclosing part of the Common Fields in the 
parish of Uppingham" in 1770. 
" 1 us'd lo manage Bisbrooke Field," 
tiLL-HORSE, sb. Perhaps the same as "Thill-horse." 
Cf. Throw. 

" One team one day, and a sbill[ing] fot i. Fiil-honc," — Fariih AccBUMts. 
I7J0 



14 RUTLAND WORDS. 

FIR-DALES, sb. deals, fir trees. 

FIRE-TAIL, sb. the redstart, motacilla phanicurnis L. 

FIRK, sb. commotion, irritation, fret. 
•* She wur all in a fidget and a/rA." 

FISTLE, sb. var.pron. of "thistle." 

FLACK-IN, t*. to rake hay in a long row. 

FLAPPER, sb. a young duck. 

FLEAK, sb. a wattled hurdle. 

** The end o* the house were nought h\i\.fleaki some years back." 
FLIT, v.d. to remove* bag and baggage. 

"Kor/f»/iiv sarah Hails, is, ^^''^Ovtrsurs Account, 1S07. 

FLIT, r,«» to tetlier. 
FLOAT, r. 

**That M^as a l>ad sprain he got of-a Toesday. when he >%-as Koatim^ 
grass,** (Making a lawn-tennis court on a rough' grass field.) 

FLOATING-PLOUGH, sb. a breast-plough for cutting turf. 
FLUKE, $i« an entozoon found in sheep's livers. 

** The ship (i.r.. sheep) ji^hs thec'a^ seemingly odf the grass in the lov- 
hing pastures/' (So<alled irom the apparect resecblasce tc a duke or 
tloutider ) 

FOv>L S IWRSLKV, 5i», the lesser heail.vi. 

'Hes eAten a gT>Min heai cm" <v*.s t^^'i^^ or s»>=ie c^:her j>::is.:'3at!-e 
thini:. }^>u>nf sure V 

F\>R\L ,^. 

FKEM* ^"^ trcsh jind vi^orcu>^ 
FKIT. t. of -to inc>-te=/ 

'■ Si>f "Hi: ^a:>i , fpTKi:^ c*;:: c iwc ^ J*-^wwr c .Oo^k 

FKI7J:LK. tui. to fir, 

;)ie aA:i:^r acTtia^x .n^o; m.Bs ined. ' 

FK<.^SSK>^ .^^ fC^ o: - r-.-^, 

FXVMHTW 5fv f:::m:»i:T. i raes^ cocirosjei of w. c-iz. 5oi3^, 



SAFFER, sb. tlie 



RUTLAND WORl'S. 

master (literally, grandfather). 



" He's hoeing turnips for the gaffer. 



GAIN, adj. handy. 
■■Thars not ver 
materials. 
•• George is a guia 



I stuff," sail! a carpenter, rejecting building 



ifaDts who have not cut their 



GAP■^fOUTHED, adj. (of i 
teeth). 

GAWMING, adj. lanky and ragged. 

'■ You won't like the looks of them flowers io that border, they looks so 
gaa-ming" (Viz.. gladiolus.) 

GIBB, sb. ? 

"Paid Jolley for use of hhCibb, is." — Glailan Acfjanls, 1750 

SIFFS or GIFFSES, sb. pi. of "gift." Commonly used of 
doles and charitaMe benefactions. 

" A lot o' those people attend at Lady lSountiful"sno-bnt for thegiffi 



B taking the giffm from 



0'" 



of barley an' belter 



X strike of wheat 



, . CLENT, p. and p.p. of ■' 
"Irfm/ thirty-two slone 
myself with the baby." 

■' I like to give 'em glint corn.'" 

Go. r.n. (the preposition being suppressed before the name of a 
place). 

"They hev logo Uppin-g'am for everylhing a moosl, ' 
" The old boss is bad : he's like 10 go pot." 

Goal. sb. i-ar. pron. for "gaol"; possibly only an erroneous, 
though very comgion spelling, as it occurs in early editions 
of the Pilgrim's Progrtss. 

" For the Cicui and Marlialsey, igi. \iJ."~Pa'iik Aicouuli, 1753. 

Also " For the Gialt and Quarterege, and other County Use."— 1754. 

pOODING, pic. "Going a-goodin'," the same as Thomasing, 
begging for doles on St. Thomas' Day. 



GOODISH, adv. 
Bede ") means 
crowded. 



" A goodish few" in Rutland (says "Cuthbert 
I moderate number, neither scanty nor yet 



6OOD YEAR ! excl. I know only one sexagenarian farmer 
Iwho Still (1890) makes use of Mrs. Quickly's favourite 
^expletive when 1 tell him anything that astonishes liim, 
eShaksptu. 2 Hen. IV.. Act ii. 



l6 RUTLAND WORDS. 

GOSS, sb, vat, pron. of "gorse '*= furze. 
GOTTEN, p.p. of " get." 

" A piece o' wood had gotten a-top of it." 

GOVEL or GOVER, var.pron. of "gable." 

" Tis a thick govit-exid between this and the next house ; not a thin 
partition.** 

GRACE or GRASE ; also GRESS, var. pron. of " grass." 
*' I was working in the ^Js^-cuckery " (a field). 

GRAVES, sh. the sediment of tallow, sold as food for dogs. 

GREAT or GRET, adj. phr. " By the gref' is equivalent to 
work done by the piece. 

" I could earn more, working by the gret.** 

GREEN LINNET, sb. the greenfinch, /ri«^i7/a chlaris. 

GRIP, sb. and v.n. a trench or surface drain ; to work at 
draining. 

'* He can hedge, an* grip^ an* dyke, an* all.** 

GUIDES, sb. pi. tendons. 

** The pain's all in my guides an* sinners.** 

HADE, sb. a term in field mensuration. 

" 6 rodes with hades at both ends ;" 

" 2 Landes 4 ro. with hades.*' — Terrier, 1635. 

HAD OUGHT, v.n. ought. 

HAG, sb. a stiff clump of coarse grass. 

•• How did you get on with the mowing ?" 

•• Very well, sir, if it want for them hags; they do turn the scythe so." 
(Called also *' tussocks '* and ** hassocks.' ) 

HAG WAYS, 5^.//. narrow paths through the thick undergrowth 
in the woods, used by the beaters when engaged in driving 
game. 

HAMES, sb. the pieces of bent wood let into a horse-collar for 
fastening the traces. 

HANCE, v.a. to give one a handsel or earnest money. 

HAND AND FOOT, phr. 

" I have to vradt of her hand an* foot.** 

H AGHOG, sb. var. pron. of " hedgehog." 

** Paid for a haghog, 2d.** — Churchwardin*s Accounts, 1720. 



RUTLAND WORDS. I7 

ftANDFUL, phy. an encumbrance, giving plenty of work. 
" He's quite a handful, you're sure I" 

JHAPPEN on, v.a. to light upon by chance. 

" I thought I'd ask the doctor la call in next door, if I should happm oh 
him to-day or to-monow " 

HASSOCK, sb. a tuft of coarse grass ; an ant-hill. (Called also 

"hags" and "tussocks.") " Cuthberl Bede"has heard the 
word in the sense of footstools made of plaited rushes over 
hay, but I think "basses" is the general term in this latter 
sense in Rutland. 

HASSOCK-HOEING, pint, taking off the tops of ant-hilis 
(not mole-hills) with a hoe. 

I HAZARDOUS, adj. 

" Pesxs is a hatardius thing, unless you gets 'em joost at the time." 

HEAD, phr. the best. 

'■TheAfa.i way" {i.e.. the best method). 

HEADACHES, sb. common corn poppies. 

" Can that patch of red in yonder £eld be poppies ?" asked " Cuthbert 
Bede " of a Rutland labourer. 

"No, sir." was the answer, "they are hmd-achci." He did not know 
the word ■■ poppy." I have found in Cornwall that "poppy " is the name 
of the foxglove, because children blow up the blooms like a paper-bag and 
pop them. In Nells, it is said of corn poppies, " We calls 'em yeddocks, 
'cause ihey make your yeddock" (i.r , head ache). 

HEAP (a dissyllable in Rutland), a large quantity. 

EHEIT! exd. to a horse to go on. " Hcit ! Jackl" So we find 
in CkoMctr : — 

'■ Heit. Scot I Hcit. Brock I 

What ? spare ye for the stones,'' 

Hewing cry, sb. pic. The usual spelling (and probable 
pronunciation) in constable's accounts in the eighteenth 
I century for "Hue and Cry." 

" For a hewing cry, 2d-" — 17^0. 

" For 2 hniii criti. 41*."— 1724. 

" too Hewing met. 41*."— 17J5. 

" For a hnimchry. li."— 1731. 

Higgler, si. a Imxter or petty dealer owning a cart. The 
■ term is recognized in local directories. 

"A coai'kigglir." 

"_ Her lon'B a higgler, and oughtn't to let her come on the parish for 



l8 RUTLAND WORDS. 

HILTER-WILTER and HILTHA-WILTHA, adv. come 
what may, at all hazards. 

HOASE and HOAST, sb. a cough ; HOASTY, adj. hoarse, 
husky, husten, 

" I can't get shoot o' my hoasi," 

HOLD, phr. 

*' How do you hold yourself, mister ? '* Comment vous portez vous ? 

HOLPEN, p. of "help." "Cuthbert Bede " heard this, in 1881, 
in the mouth of a cottager just as it is used in the Prayer- 
Book version of Psalm xxij., 5. 

HOLT, si. var. pron, of "hold." "Ketch Jwlt T Also a small 
plantation, as m Tennyson : — 
•• He lets the cherry -holt separate." 

HOME-CLOSE, sb. (in the//, -"closen") the field nearest the 

farm-house. 

There are two home-closen and twelve homesteads in the Glaston parish 
map attached to the tithe award, 1841. 

HOOK, sb. a term in land measuring. 

•' One Hooke at Wynge Dike." — Glaston Terrier, 1635. 

HOPPER, sb, a seed basket used in hand sowing. 

HOPPER-CAKE, sb. a round, flat cake, given by farmers to 
their men at the end of both the seed-times in the days before 
sowing out of a ** hopper'* went out of fashion, about 1850. 

HOT, v,a. to heat. In p. tense, 
" I hot her a few broth." 

HOUSE, sb. pec, the best kitchen or inner living room in a farm 
or good-sized cottage. A stranger is often invited to ** Joost 
step into the house" when he is under the impression that 
he is in the house already. 

HOUSEN, sb. pi. of "house." 

HULL, v,a. and «. to hurl or throw ; to throw up ; to fell a tree, 

•• Hull oop that ball, will ye ?" 

•• David Clarke hulUd the little cat out of yewr loft.*' 

"Now, child, I've done hulling-oop ; yewr moother's a new woman" 
(recovering after nausea). 

" When [the tenant] hulls his trees, you must set a man to kid-up the 
tops, an' get 'em carried away.*' 

•• X.Y. alwavs hulls for Lord A ." 



•• Will you have the popple hulled?" 



:,s£. alump. 
" A hooHcli o' bread." 

LL-CONVENIENCH, <:a.: also ILL-CONVENIENT arf>. 
rar. pron. of "inconvenience," "inconvenient." 
'" I don't want 10 ill-conviHiiiue you, sir." 

plMPEKT, adj. pert, saucy, impertinent. 
" I don't think 1 was at all impirt to him." 

IMPROVE, I'. a. or n. to learn as a 'prentice-hand. 

IMPROVER, si. a 'prentice or one learning a trade. 

" H»s Fred got a butcher's place?" " Well, not joosily ; he's no-but 
an imftjvtr. He has to go out with the meat and that, and to improvi 
killing and such." 

||1NDENTERS. var. pron. for "indentures." 
" Indtnttrs." — Oversttr's Account, 1768. 

kIMDULGE, pec. to be too much given to liquor. 

■' Doos shay iniloalgt now ?" 

[ilNDlTE, c.H. to compose. 

M Smith WTOle that hymn." ■■ What I to i-i Jilt r' 



eof ■■formal'). 

■s: but he never gave 'e 



[JNFARNAL, adj. (probably in the s. 
■' He did say something abool it at li 

Intermit, v.a. var. pron. of "admit "or "intromit." 

" They alius inlermiti 'em of-a Tuesday " (i.e., patients at the Infirmary). 

IJNTRUST, si. lar.pron. of "interest." 
A year's iHlrml." — Acteniih. 1738, 

^KISHMAN, phr. for hay-harvest work. See Paddv. 

i^\ORY, sb. rar. pron. oi "ivy." 

I can't attend to yoti now, miss . I'm got to toot the h'ary." 

ACK-UP, r.n. to throw up a situation. 

aY-BIRD.ji. the jay. 

A lad. wriiiog me a description of Mr, Thring's aviary in iSBj, said 
"I saw Bullinch, Pink 'i,«., chaffinch] , Linet. two parrot, yeUowhammer, 
hedge Sparrow, t-ark, thrush. Nightgale, Jabiid." 

^B, tb. 

"He 



n here for ijib of tea , and that's belter than going to the 



20 RUTLAND WORDS. 

JOIST, v.n. to receive cattle to pasture at a certain charge. 
See AjoisTiNG. 

*' It's on'y some ship [i.«., sheep] he's got a-joistingy 

JUSTLY, adv. exactly. 

" Ah ^oon'i joostly know/* 

KEEP, sb, provender. 

'* How are you o£f for keep this turn, Mr. B ?" 

KERB, s6. 

" The town-well was a A#r5-well some years back." It was worked with 
a windlace and rope or chain. Possibly with a curb round the edge ? 

KID, sh. a faggot. 

*• For 2 Wood Kids, 45. 6rf." — Accounts, 1749. 

KIL'DRY, v,a. to dry in a kiln or by artificial heat. 

KINDELL, sh. an oblong washing-tub. See Washing-tray. 

KINDLING, sh. small firewood. 

" I was thinking as you'll want some more kindling soon." 

KITLIN', sh. a kitten. A « little cat*' is the more usual 
expression. 

KITTLE, V. n. to produce young (of cats or rabbits). 

KIVER, v.a. var. pron. of ** cover." 

" Before pitting came in, he used to take a load o* 'oss-litter an' kiver 
his potatoes down." 

KNOW TO, v.a. to know of a thing ; to be familiar with. 

An old man had been using a liniment for some time past : '* He'd miss 
it now : he knows to it.'' 

LAD'S-LOVE, sb. southernwood, often called "old-man," a 
favourite point in town and country nosegays. 

LAND, sb. a term in Glaston Terrier, 1635, &c. 
" Two Landes 4 ro. with hades.*' 

LAP, v.a.f to wrap. 

" You don't lap yourself up eneugh about the neck." 

LATHER, sb. var. pron. of " ladder." The form'^" Lether " is 

also used. 

'* For a lathr mendin of Thomas bansis [? Baines's] one shelin and six 
peace,"— Accounts, 1754. 
Also *' the top of y* Lidor.**^Accounts, 1760. 



RUTLAND WORDS. 

LAY, v.a. to allay ; to beat down ; to prepare. 

'■ The bit of fish as you seat me liiid my appeiite, 
foundation for food." 



It laid my 



LEASON, s6././. of " ley." 

" Item 5 Liaion the whittes furlonge called Swynke leas." 

LETHER, ib. i-ar.proH. of "ladder." 

"For two Rounds for y" apetlithir.id." — ChurckwardeH's AccoHnts, 1741. 

,EY, «. a field ; a division of grass land. 

Coppice Close Ltys." a. Beld in Glaston map of tS4i. 



"Snuthy Lets,'' Ivia closes in the same parish. 

Lief, adj. and adv. willing, soon, willingly. 
s lief work for you as foe hint." 

KXiIFE, sb. a rogue, imp. 

" You young life, you 1 " (to a naughty child). 

rXiIMB, ib. (limb of SataD) a term of opprobrium. 
" You young limb I " (10 a child). 

LOGARAMS. sb. pi. balderdash. ? 

'■ They've been saying ever such logarams, 
IS eveiytbing from a heast to a dog." 



■7*3- 



should say they'd call'd 



ILOLLOP, r.n. and ji. to loll or sprawl idly. 

)LONGBREATCHES, sb.pr. ». a place-name in Glaston Terrier, 
1635- So also "Shortbrcatches." 

LORDSHIP, sb. a manor or parish. 

e (he railway was 

n lordship now and not see a baskel- 

uicnum am im III HI J. 

fLUMBER, sb. gossip, rubbish. 

■' She's been a-talking lumber with my woman " (gossiping with my wife}. 
eUAIN, adv. very. 

" I be main sorry." 

UASS! expl. I once heard this pras- Reformation adjuration 
from an old man who believed that he was a blameless 
Protestant. If my memory does not deceive me, I have 
beard "Ey'rLeddy!" also. 

MARRIAGE-LINES, sb. a marriage certificate. 

IIARTLEMAS, sb. Martinmas, November 11, a common time 
for changing farm servants. 



22 RUTLAND WORDS. 

MATCH, t\a. to manage, master, comprehend. 

"I can't match that!" 

An old man, learning netting from my boy, said. '* I think I can match it." 

MAUL, v,a. to harass, fatigue. 
** Tm clean manVd out.** 

MAY, prov, 

" A cold May 
Is good for com and bad for hay/' 

MAY-BLOBS, sb. marsh marigolds, marybuds. 

M£,/r. I occasionally hear the old classical phrases, spoken, 
however, deliberately, and not as one word : ''Me seems," *'Me 
thinks." 

MEBBY, var. pron. of " may be," ** perhaps." 

MESS, sh, a quantity, lot ; predicament. 

" We'm had a nice mess of rain." 

•• Doctor W , he says to me. ' People tells you as how they don't 

want no beer nor nowt ; but / says, John, as how they wants a good mess.' ** 

•• A tidy mess o' people." 

'* A nice mess of children.*' 

A lad, looking at a picture of the Giant Cormoran with sheep and swine 
slung round his waist, exclaimed, *' It looks like a mess o* little rabbits 
tied about him an' all !" 

*• She's a poor mess. She can't go out to sarvice : she's a weakly mess " 
(a poor lot). 

" I got inflammation when I was over my mess of Mary" (at her birth). 

MEZE, sb. a labyrinth or maze cut in the turf. 
*• When I wur a boy we us'd to call it Wing mese.'* 

MIMMOCKING, adj. tiny, minikin (applied to a delicate baby). 

MINCH, v,(i. rar, pron, of *' mince." 

•* I won't minch it " (will not ** mince matters"). 

MOLLUCK, v,a. to injure, mess about. 

" I wouldn't take it up with my Angers, for fear I should molluck it.*' 

MOLLY-WASP, sb. a mole, ialpa. 

MOST-IN-GENERAL, adv. usually. 

MOTHER, sb, a prolific fungus generated by beer, and 
nourished with sugar and water. It produces a liquor which 
certainly smells exactly like malt vinegar, and a woman who 
showed me one of the scions propagated under her care 
assured me that it had the serviceable properties of vinegar. 

*« I kep' the m father in a saucer o' purpose to show you." 



RL-TI.AND WORDS. 33 

MOULD, sb. var.pron. of "mole." talpa. 

MOULDY- WARP, sb. a mole. I heard this name used by an 
r old man in Glaston on the same day that I beard a child in 
j Bisbrooke (the next parish) use the form " molly-wasp" as 
I its equivalent. 

nrf rootled oop ihe while clamutjs,'* 

MOULTER, c.a. to moult, as birds. 

<' We alius reckons iL's be$l iot Ihe bens 10 m^'iiller eaT\y in ihe season." 

iUCK, ib. and rut, dirt, mud. 
"■ They boys make such a muck." 

■■ I bain'i fi( lo coom icio jout house: I've all over nim-A," 
" If my daughter don't coom soon 1 shall be mvekrd to death." 

IMUCKY, adj. 

"Woaderful miuky." 

I MUMMERS, si. performers in a traditional Christmas drama. 
I have never seen these since I left Berkshire and Worcester- 
shire, hut the Rector of Lyndon, near Oakham, tells me that 
the Ediihweston mummers performed in his parish on Satur- 
day, December 22, 1888. 



NAME, r 



a christen. 

i nol been namtd yet 



NEMMONIES, %>>. var. prou. "wood anemones." 

SESSEN; also NESSES, />/. of -nest. 

|iaEVER-NO-MORE, adv. never again. 

NIP, t'.a, and n. to move quickly, pick up, 

" She Hips along down the road." 



■■ Wheti my sight was Rood, if 1 had a minu 
I used lo nip a liule book up . but now I'm d 


ne'" 


Ihe Reld or anywhere, 


ODDING. sh 
butter. 

■■ Put in a bi 


short-bread made in a 
of nodding into the ooven." 


pan 


with 


dripping 


or 


OINTED.^/ 
" The Lords 


lar. pron. of " anointed.' 

BilinUd." 










DISING, part 
\ •■ She's been 


annoying. ? 
toiiiHg me ; she's alius nolsiiig 


Tie." 








blST. adj. rat 


pron. of -nice," 











24 RUTLAND WORDS. 

NOTCHES, sb. runs at cricket, still so-called from the primitive 
mode of scoring on a stick. 

NOTIFIED, adj. famous. 

*' My good man's a notified man for mowing." 

NOT-WELL, adj. unwell. The latter word is said to have 
been coined by Horace Walpole. 

** I*m very Hot-w$ll, thank you 1 '* 

OATS, sb. var. prtm. (surviving in Rutland as a dissyllable). 

OBLEEGE, v.a. var. pron. " Cuthbert Bede " says : *• A survival 
of once fashionable pronunciation. Earl Russell said * obleege.* 
So did Lady Elizabeth Wells, of Holme Wood, who also said 
•sparrow-grass* and 'yallow as goold.' Mr. Heathcote, of 
Conington Castle, also says this." 

ODOCITY. See Docity. 

OF, pnp. and adv. on ; UP OV, upon. 

** He happened op his oonde in Stahmford.'* 
*' C// 00 a wagon." 

OFF, prep, of, from ; also OFF OF. 

•*Oi bought it o/Mr. Berridge.'* 
•* She got it of of Mr. Clarke.'* 

OLD- ANCIENT, adj. antiquated. 

** You might like to see this old-ancient book, sir ? ** It proved to be an 
early edition of Keble*s Christian Ytar^ getting its chj^acter from its 
quotations from Greg. Nazianzen, ftc. Meanwhile, it's owner was daily 
reading his ** Breeches Bible " and his Speed's Great Brittaim without 
any inconvenience from their old antiquity. 

ONKED, adj. awkward. 

** Everrthing went cnked,'* 

** It*s tne onkedest road as ever you see.** 

OOKEM, var. prtm. of the place-name " Oakham.*' " This," as 

the late Mr. Bradley (''Cuthbert Bede'*) has noted, '*was 

the pronunciation of Mr. G. Wingfield.*' 

A jingle which I have heard runs thus : — 

** Nottingham rperhans Cottingham] . where 
they knock *em down : 
Ov'ibrai. where they cook *em : 
Bringhurst. where they bury *em. 
And Cottesmore, where they cry." 

ORTS. Sec AvsT. 

OUDACIOUS* aJj. nrr. /n«. of ^* audacious." 
** Them iMHU'ioe^ boys I ** 



RUTLAND WOKDS. 

OVER GIT and OVER LIVE, v.a. to survive. 
■' She won't ovcrgil ii.nol loightly." 

OWN-TO, v.a. to confess, 

PAD, sb. var. /ran. of *' path. " 

PADDY, phr. 

y finger when I was doing a bil of Paidy " [i.t., mowing). 

[ PARPEN ASHLAR. See above, Ashlar. Perpendaschler, 
Parptn asckUr, or ierpoynt, is explained in Willis and Clark's 
Archil. Hist. Camhridge (Glossary) as " hewn or squared stone 
faced on both sides." 



, PARYIL, sb. 

" Panillt for the pinfold gate. 

IPANSHON. sb. i 



■Parish AccohhIi, 1750. 
of "pancheon," a large round pan. 



I-PASSER, sb., or NAIL-PASSER, a gimlet. 

"The poor beasi run a falser into his fut.'' ' 

gimlet >" " A imil-faistr we calls il, j 



r PASS THE TIME OF DAY, phr. to exchange a passing 
greeting. See Day, 

[ PEAKIN, adj. pining. 

"A poor pia hi It little thing." 

I-PEARL, sb. the head of a rivet. ? 
" Sixoine-iDChRiuelsand^rffs.ii.''- 



PEERT, adj. lively. 

" He looked quite /;«•;." 

|fECK,//(f. 



(i(forihe town stocks), 1756, 
"I felt quite /*(« this morning.'' 



e bad m; pick a' trouble.'' 

f EGGY, sb. a bird, a common name for the white-throat. 

^EPT, p. of " to peep." 

" She joost p§ft in al the window." 

IfEN, sb. a hen-pen, a hen-coop. I found that Rutland boys 
were not familiar with the word " coop " or " rabbit-hutch." 

PENDLE, sb. a petidulum. 

'■Board (or the fendel cose, ^d," — Chunh Account. 1739. 
"Allowed fox [the carpenterj for culling way for the /okK*. is" — 
CkMnk Account, 1743. 



a6 RUTLAND WORDS. 

PEW-IT, sb. var. pron. of ** peewit," the lapwing. Similarly, the 
great Lincolnshire poet makes it rhyme with ** cruet ** in Will 
Waterproofs apostrophe of the plump head-waiter. 

PICKNICKLE, v.n. to put up a wattle-fence. 

•• Where's yoor husband ?" " He's pichnickling to-day." 

PIG, sb. a woodlouse. Called a *< sow '* in some places. 

PIGGLE, v.freq. of «« pick." Particularly of rooting up potatoes 
with the hand. 

PIGHTLE, 56. a small field. 

PILL, r.a. var. prtm, of •* peel." 

*' Mr. M wur very choice of his Cambridge kidney potatoes, as if 

thev was goold. But they took some pilling, they did " (required careful 
and laborious peeling). 

PINDER, sb. a parish officer appointed by the vestry to impound 
estrays in the pin-fold. 

PINE, o.a. to starve. 

** It*s no VLX fining them ** (the recipients of out-door rdief). 
** I tell Jane not to water the clematis. It's making too much wood ; 
it needs to be/uMtf.** 

PINFOLD, sb. a pen for sheep and (more commonly) a pound 
for stray cattle. 

** For mending thepinfonU Yeat, 25. yl.** — Acccmnts, 1721. 
" For a Hook for yHnfcU door, and putting in, is.'* — Actounts, 1749. 
The ordinary term also occurs in the same accounts : *' The Pound wall 
repairing.** — 1738. ** For mending the Ponnd gate, is.** — 1764. 

PINGLE, sb. (A.S.) a small enclosure of land. The small 
paddock by Stretton Church is called ** the Pingh '* in old 
deeds. 

PINK, J*, var. pron. of ** spink/' the chaffinch. 

PINNER, sb. ; also PINNY, a pinafore. 

PINSHOT, sb. (A.S.) the fine paid to redeem an impounded 
beast. 

PIT, sh. a pond. 

PLAUM, r.; also PLIM, to cut up a path or road. 

*' They fUuntJt it oop so, who could keep it tidy ?" 

PITCH, v.n. to load hay, &c., on a wagon with a fork. 

" He hurt his side, /u.-Ar«jC." 



RUTLAND WORDS. VJ 

PPLAZEN, ih. pi. of " place." 

"The land's still cracked in/Iii:tN from Ibe drougbt," 

I PLIM, v.a. to plump, fill out [e.g., a pillow) ; raise up in furrows 
a path (which ought to be beaten flat) by wheels, frost, &c. 

' PLOUGH MONDAY, sh. the first Monday after Twelfth Day. 
On the Monday after the Sunday in the Octave of Epiphany, 
the twelve days of Christrrtas being over, and good-cheer and 
wages spent, the labourers went round with a plough decked 
out, to ask for donations after their first day's work. Now 
they go round — men. lads, or little boys — in small companies, 
sometimes with a small attempt at disguise or dressing up, 
but without the plough. 

PLOUGHAVITCHERS, sb. men and lads dressed up with 
blacked faces, strips of paper in their hats, carrying a holly 
bush, on Plough Monday. 

■' He (a little boy) "as so set on ihe plB»gh-wilching"—iZiS. 

f POKE. ih. a bag or pocket. 

'■What war ihal fol.t as you wore of yewr back?" (a goestion asked by 
a farmer of a Cambridge graduate after the first occasion when he had 
worn in church his master ^jf-ans' hood, he having been a ten-year-man 
previously under ihe old tigimt). 

•• Her miik-^o*«"[of acow). 

POOR MESS, i6. pkr. 

"O, sir, I'm a poor miss !' (in wretched health). 

POPLIN, adj. belonging to poplar trees. " Upper Poplin 
Spring" and " Nether Poplin Spring," fields in Glaston, 1841. 

I POPPLE, ib. a poplar tree. 

■' Will you have thefoffli hulled f" 

i PO'SES, ib. pi. of " post" ; also in the sitig, a "pos." 
" For lwo/ff!fi of wood, Sd." — Anounls. 1721. 
" Set the gat/oj at Church. 3d."— H'fl>Uilfi/oi'j Accmmt, 1711, 

[ PRETTY, adj. pronounced as with -e-, not as " pritty." 

'■ The music is very frilly.'- 

\ PRICK-OUT, v.n. to push out, lengthen. 

"The days begin \o frkk-But already in January." 

I PRINCE-FEATHERS, si. (the possessive ■' prince " as a dis- 
syllable), the lilac-lree bloom. 

IPUNCH, sh. a short, stumpy figure. 

"He war sooch another \\\t.\c foonch" (a fat, lillleboy). 



aH RUTLAND WORDS. 

IM JMPTIAL, adj. var. firon. of " punctual." 

*' Mr. Koberti, the clerk, wur sooch ^pumptial old gentleman." 

PURELY, adv. or adj. well in health. 
PUT, /A^. (of an apprentice). 

*' I fthould like io put him to the butchering or the shoemaking." 

QUINClt, sb. (the final -e is still pronounced) ; also SQUINCH. 
" That tree*ii a 9»/irf#>." 

QUOCKEN, v.a. to choke. 

*' My cough ii flt to quocken me.'* 

RADDLEMAN, sh, a digger of raddle, or ruddle (red ochre). 

•* Ami little Rutlandshire is termed Aa^it/lrmiui.**— Drayton's Polyolbion, 
xxiii. 

RAMMIL,i». 

** (voodman Woodcock, for Raming Rammil out of the church porch, 
6i//*— CAn^A Att^unl, 1766. 

1 And in the tame yt>ar a charge of 25. for *' my man Raming the 
Un>avi>ii " (i\#«i graN-es). 

RAMPEU, sb. : also RAMPERWAY, the highway. 
RAMSHACKLE, i^dj. ilKrcpaired. 

'' Si>x\\» a t^Mmskj^^kU place.** 

R AKE% ikiij^ tit/* /n>ii« of '' raw/' underdone (of meat). 
'' ra as \}»i «at it a little t^\" 

RAVCHW ^L (*M as in -baulk/* ck as in -chemist") cold, 
raw (of the attuosphere)* 

*' ll'» x^Hnr Hiih:A> an' cold this miming.'* 

KAYwRKYE.j^. 

'* l>ud Mr. OibeoB for Rush Rmu. sk ^.""-^Fmsk Accoiutts^ Jane. X744 
(foe fvNjukUn^ a oxta^ at UflSocd). 

KEAK> vji* to expeccv>nkte. 

KKBK> vji. to $mokt^ or steam, as v^ cloches dryizxg before the 

KKCKLINOx ^. th< $mdtlte?c or weakliest tat a brooi 

KtV.» c« KIO-TKBK. 56. jjid j^*. wr. ^rtm^ of " rij^^-." rhertilKie- 
tk^«j^u>> Ac.> ci: X tvvi:. I dad, however, ia the Cfmrckwimuits 



UTLAND WORDS. 



' RIGHT, ii. pec. (expression of duty and obligation rather than 
privilege). 



RIGHTLE, v.a. to set to rights, alter, adapt. 

" I'll take one o' thay old toobs an' rightU it oop far Ihe children's 

RIP, lb. a profane reprobate. 

" Cmhbert Bede" says : " 1 have heard of a man looking at a tomb- 
stone on which were the usual initials for the icscription, R'^uififuf (n 
Paa, and, after spelling it over, reoiarkiog, ' Ah ! he wur an old rip, that 



ROGUE-HANDLED, past. pari. 



I have heard il 
extravagance, or e 



of one who had once possessed Soc^, but who 
imate of the Work-house, " He's either been very 
's been logiit-handUd, you're sure 1 " 



v.n. to turn up the ground (used of a pig ; also of a 



ROOTLE, 
mole). 

ROSE-TREE. sh. var. pron. (" rose " dissyllabic) of " rose-tree." 

RUDDLEMAN, sb. var. pron. of " raddleman," Dr. Sebastian 
Evans quotes this from Canon's Anatomy of Melanclioly, ill., 
ii., 2, 2, and, though belonging rather to Leicestershire, I 
repeat it here because the name is proverbially attached to 
Rutlanders by Ray, &c. 

RUNLET, sb. a water-drain. 

•' Paid Herbert for two days Work at scowring Wire Lane Rualtll, 20 
June, 1755, IS. 6d."—Piiriih AccouikH. 

SAD, adj. heavy (of things sodden or badly cooked) ; also used 
of stiff, heavy soil. 

" Them potatoes ain't a bit saJ this year : not if you eat them hot." 
" The jad lajid." 

SAIM or SEAM, sb. the lard of a pig's " leaf." 

" If you take out the iaimt, and mix it with milk, and si 



So 1 have been iol< 



it. you 
lold ; I 



SAMMY, adj. sappy. 

■' The hay is iammy." 
SARVE,v.a. var. pron. 

SAW'D, p.p. var. pron. 1 
" I should like to 'a H 



30 RUTL4NO WORDS. 

SCANTLING, sb. light joists of wood. 

** To 26 feet of uanUimg at 7d. per foot, for filling ap the old seate att 
the Charch.*' — 1727. 
'* For 50 foot of dale (1^., deal) . . 5s. 
to zsfbotofoni/i^, 3b7 4 . . . 2s. 6i.** — 1751. 

SCHEME, vji, to contrive. 

" I don't joost see how yon sekiwu it.*' 

SCRAT, VM. to scramble along, make shift. 

"As long as I can sarat, I'll do withoat the *lieving officer/* 
" If we can't get him to help with the job, we most make shift to icvAt 
along.'* 

SCROLL, sh. pec. 

" He's got on the wrong scroll /** a boy exclaims, seeing his neighbour 
writing on the wrong line of his copy-book. 

SCUFFLE, fr.li. to pull the soil about with a bit of iron. 
SEN, pf. equivalent to -"self" in the forms " mysen,'' ** herswi." 
SENNERS ; also SINNERS, sh. vat. pran. of " sinews." 

SHACK, sb. a worthless, idle fellow. 

"He went Ookem with some o' them shacks, an' they drew all the 
money out of his pocket, I sopoase.** 

SHACKLE, VM. to shake, disorder, lay standing corn. 

After some )ieavy rain the com is " so shackled that you cannot reap it." 

SHALE, VM. var. pron. of *« shell." 
'* I've shaUd the beans." 

SHEAR-HOG, sb. a teg, or full-grown lamb, after its first 
shearing. 

SHEPS, sb. pi. places in an ear of com where the kernel of 
wheat ought to be. Perhaps a var. pron. of ** shapes." 
The ear is a'most all sheps" 



It 



SHEDDER, var. pron. of " shudder.'' 

SHIMMY, sb. var. pron. of " chemise." 
** She'd joost got her little shimmy on.*' 

SHIP, sb. var. pron. of " sheep." 
« Who' be them ship ?'* 

SHIP-HOOKS and TAR-BOTTLES, pec. a boy's name for 
" pot-hooks and hangers," the curves produced in elementary 
copy-book practice. 



RUTLAND WORDS- 3I 

SHITTLES, I*, var, pron. of "shuttles" (from the shape), 
lozenRe-shapcd buns with currants and carra way -seeds, given 
to children and old people on St. Valentine's Day. They are 
becoming obsolete. The last I saw was in 1879. 

SHOOT, lb. ; also SHOOT or SHOOL, r.a. to mend a rope. ? 
" Paid for a Bell Rope and shooliHg another, zi. Cd." — Chunh Account, 

'■For ihe Bell Rope and six sliools ot y* oli, 8s,''— 1730. 

SHOOT. SHIT, SHET, SHUT, to get; f.». to throw off, 
get rid of. 

" I ha'a'l Dot no peace while I can gci shoot o' my food.'' 

SHUFT, lb. a blast of wind. 

'■I heer'd the sAoq/ls, an", thinks I, 'Theer'sasUtehlowedofft'" 

|SILLY, adv. foolishly. 

" How ca.n you talk so iilly .' " 

ISIN, adv. and prep. var. pron. of " since." 
■■ Ever nil I' bin here." 

f SINNERS ; also SENNERS, ih. t 
" oh I my poor siitmri and my guidi 

I SIPPLEUS, s6. var. pron. of " erysipelas." 

;, SIZES, sb.pl. var.proH. of "assizes." 

■■ A sites bill, ts."—C'>ntiabli's AicBunl. lyaa. 

" Fore [i.*., 4] Sessions Bills, a Sin Bills."— C 011(11 We 's AccovhI. 1764. 

|SLABBY, adj. soaked (of earth). 

" The land wur thai ilabby. 11 wut all of a soak." 

■SLAT, sb, a spline or thin strip of wood rather stouter than a 
lath. 

" The door didn't lit, so the man coom'd an' put a bit o' slal joost 

ISLEERY, niy. ; 



pron. of "sinews." 



'. pron. of '■ slithery "; slippery, muddy. 



l:SLlP-COAT-CHEESE, sb. a cream-cheese something like the 
' thin Cottenham ' of Cambridgeshire, but not so good. 

ISLOOMY, adj. slovenly. 

" Some horses gets into slaamy ways." 

(SLOPE, v.n. to decamp stealthily ; elope. 

"Their lodger sloftd last week, 1 suppose." 
vulgarism rather than a provincialism, but 1 note it 



RUTLAND WORDS. 

SLUSH ; also SLUSHWAYS, adv. slanting. 
"Turn it jlKj*tciyir' "Uihai iltsh eoow3" 

SLUTHERING, part, walking loiteringly along. 

" He (ihe poslroan) coom tUtkniitg along, as ihough he'd half an hoof 

SNI6, e.a. tar. pron. of " snub." 

"Them foi- terriers takes a dealot JBrMinj," (The word occurs in "the 
margenl" lo the old editions ai least of Bunyan's Pilgrim's Pragrta) 

SOFT, adj. foolish, imbecile. A Rutland children's rhyme runs 
thus :— 

'■ Yoo know my brother Willy ? 
He's so/{ ao' you're silly, ' 



SOIL, v.a. to stra 



1 liquids. 



SOLID, lu//'. something between solemn and stolid; grave. Also 
ode. in a good sense, in earnest, verily : " Honour bright !" as 
the saying is. 

■'ThatI am! Solid!- 

SOMETHING BETTER, ^c. convalescent. 

SOODLING, piirt. (perhaps var. pron. of "sideling"), of a 
Bby, hesitating manner. 
" She wur socdliag about.'' 

SPEAK AFTER. //.r. 

■• Ii doesn't do 10 spiak ajUr her," implying that the person mentiDned 
b (lo put it mildly) an inaccurate random talker and untruatworthy 
as an authority. 

SPECTABLE, adj. rar. pron. of " respectable." 

'- There war some woonderful sfatabU people in Glas'an then." 
SPEECH, v.n to splinter. 

"When he broke his thigh the second boat, it w 
see, bat it spilcktd down to where it broke afore." 



*t the old break, d'ye 



SPINNEY, sb. a small plantation, spimtum, 
•■ They're agin Foxhole Sf'i'iiity." 

■• Sfinmy Closa." " Top S/iniwj Close." " Fox earth S/i«My," "North ' 
Gate SfiiiHiy," ■■ Pond Gale Sfinxty," &.C,, appear in Glaslon map. 1841. 

SPLUNGE. v.n. var. pron. of " plunge." 

" The pony splvngid wi' me." 

SPRAG, f,(i. to stop a wagon with a spar of wood. I have 
heard this used by farm labourers, but 1 suspect that it is an 
importation by the railway navvies. 



SPUR, sb.ptc. When banns of marriage are published at the 
first time of asking there is said to he " a s/u»' on." 

SPURRINGS, sh. the three publications of the banns of matri- 
inoDy. 

SQUANDERING, adj. straggHng. 
"Tbey calls it 'Long Lyddinglon' 'c 
village. " 



s sooch a large sqttasdering 



SQUENCH, 1 



I, vaf. pron. of " quench.' 
oightly sqmtichid our thirst." 



I. of " Starling," sturnui vulgaris. 



SQUITCH, sh. twitch, or couch grass, triliciim uptns. 

STAIL, ib. var. pron. of " tail," a handle or stalk. 
" A itail 's wanting for the Tork's-head broosh." 

^STALL, v.a. to hinder, set fast. 

A labourer □□ llie roails tells how he had made it loo rough for his 
bitter enemy. Ihe traction-engine, to ascend the hill : " I stalUi her !" 
" The engine was siallti on Uppingham Hill, seemingly," 

STICKY-FINGERED, adj. thievish. 

" He's a sliiky-fingiriii chap, an' all. The very fust day he's out of 
prisGD he steals a bag at potatoes out of Widow Daiaes' gardiog." 

STANDARD, ptc. an old inhabitant. 

" There's less done For the old standards than for them as cooms new to 
the town ; so I tell them.'' 

I STARNEL, si. 1 

[ STATTIS. sh. pi. a statute-fair. The following extracts from 
old parish accounts of constables and overseers illustrate the 
modern pronunciation : — 

" Charge at the Slatiss, is. id." — 1720. 

'■ Paid to the Clerk for apeaking of y Slatlis in y" Church, ad. "—1739. 

" Forgoing to the Slalyii, is, M."— 1743. 

" For giving notice of the Slatycts, 2d." — 1746. 

" Foe Stalttiis Calling and Attendance, is. 4^." — 1749, 

■■ Paid for a Stallis Bill, 4J."— 1752. 

STAUBENS or STAVVBENS, si. brushwood which springs 
up from stumps of roots. 

STAUNCH, adj. thick, stout : as of a pitch of hay or straw to 
be taken up with a fork. 

6TEER, adj. steep. I have heard this used of hilly ground; 
also of a high-pitched roof. 

" We needn't have the new roof to the barn so sUir as it is at present." 



RUTLAND WORDS. 

STICK, v,n. to pick up sticks for firewood. 
" I've been slitkiKg all the morning," 

STENCH-PIPES, STENCH-TRAPS, sh. appliances for sani- 
tation. For an example, see above, under Crookle. 

STILL, adj. sober, peaceable, respectable. 
" Her husband's a slill quiet man " 

STINT, sb. a written agreement usually made from time to time 
(under the old regime of " open fields ") among those who 
claimed common rights. It defined and limited the number 
of "beast," sheep, etc., that each was entitled to turn in on 
the unenclosed field. 



STOUK (and STOOK. the less common pronunciation in 
Rutland), sb. a shock of corn-sheaves. 

" It may joosi as well grow-ODt in the slook as where it slaads." 
■' When Ihey look Ihey lithes. they used to gether the tenth slault O' 
whdal and the tenth ahcx;k o' barley." 



STRAME, r.c 



to stride, to measure by pacing, 
m stramc it, if you want to know the length." 



STRAW-SUCKER, sh. the white-throat, 
her nest of straw, &c. ; known also as ' 
White-throat." 



bird which makes 
Peggy" or "Chitty 



STREET, sb. The principal road through a village is dis- 
tinguished as "the street," however sparse the houses may be. 
Compare the use of Town and "town's-end." 



u per abundance having been 



M." — Aceauitts, 1744. 



STRIKE, si. a bushel (with the 
stricken off level). 

" Belter nur ten ilrike o' barley." 
" For half a peck of slate pins 
For a itrihi of bair 

STRINKLING, sb. a sprinkling. 

STUBBY, adj. short, stunted. 

" A poor, sluhby. little child," 
STUNT, adj. short-tempered, crusty, stubborn. 

'■ She coom in *ery sIuhI jooit now. One time she's fit to put yoi 
her pocket ; an' anolher she "ve all at var'ance." 

SUMMERINGS, sfc. pU Quarrenden apples are so-called. 



RUTLAND WORDS. 35 

SUPPER, v.a. to cause to suppurate, ? 

" My leg's vary bad. I fancy I want aomelhing to looptr it mora,'" 

SUPPER, v.a, and n. to "fother" horses in the evemng; to 
give the last meal at night. 

" Coom and help me to toapfr up." 

SUPPOSE, /«. "I suppose" and "So I suppose" are 
occasionally, with an excess of caution, used to introduce, 
and more frequently brought in to comment on, statements 
known for fact by the speaker. 

"I supfoK Lord C coom back a-Friday" (the speaker having 

H spoken to his lordship oil the day named). I have selected Ihia as an 
H extreme case of ooa-commiiial. A mora familiar and typical instance is, 
^ " He was preaching at Uppingham yesterday. I supfou." 

SURE, pec. "For sure" and "You're sure" are common 
equivalents for " You may take that for a certainty." 

SWALLOW-PIT, sb. an eddy or whirlpool. ? 



" He gol into 
poor thing t" (r 

treacherously . i 



L swallow-pit in Harringwortb river and was drownded, 
., in the little river Welland, which sivclls rapidly and 



to prevent the 



SWIMMER, si. a piece of wood put in a pa: 
milk, or other liquid, from easily splashing o 

TATCHET-END, sb. a cobbler's end of thread. 

TAIL-WHEAT, sb. the inferior grain, blown further than the 
heavier corn when winnowed by hand. 

" To make the cam averages fair, you've a roight to tek the tail-wliial 
i' not the best samples only." 

tAKE-UP,/«, of weather, to clear up. 

TANE or TAEN, />. var. pron. of [has] " taken." 
•' lira U'eii it to the station a fortnight was Monday.'' 

ARRIER, sb. a tarrar, or terrier, the survey of ecclesiastical 
estates ; a small dog, a terrier. 

" For a larrier of the gleb land, u." — Ckurckwarivt'i Aeeouati, 1730. 

VER, sb. A leather-dresser. See Whittirk. 

TEAR, v.a. 

•■ For Ale for the worck man at Mary Joyces Chimny, 6rf. 
Do. Ttariag of the Chimney . . , . , , . 2s. od. 

For hay to Tear it with ij. jd." 

Oeirsur's Accoiuli, 1730. 



4 



36 RUTLAND WORDS. 

TEEM, v.n. to pour down with rain, &c. 

•• It teems down." " The bloud teemed through my shawl." 
" Where the slates is broken, the wet teems down ever so, into oar tea- 
cups at wer tea, an* all." 

TELEGRAFT, sh. var. pron. of " telegraph." 

" I reckons that the old beacon wur a telegra/t. It savs in the history 
as how they was invented by Potelmy,*' said a well-read septuagenarian, 
referring, no doubt, to Ptolemy. 

TENNIS, v.a. to strike with a rebound. 

" I think she must 'a fell owr the scraper, for if she'd hit against the 
comer of the house it would 'a tennised her agin the soft-water tub." 

TEST CASE, pkr. " Make it a test case, and give him an order 
for the house,'* is the course frequently recommended by 
Guardians of the Poor when they have to deal with an appli- 
cation for out-door relief where the circumstances are of a 
suspicious character. 

TH ACK, sb. var. pron. of ** thatch." Used sometimes of the 

" hackle " covering a bee-hive. 

*' The roofs very bad. I must get Johnny Clarke to thack it." 
*• For thacking.'* — Parish Accounts, 1720. 

THAT.. .AS, adv. corresponding to "so. ..that" in scholars' 

English. 

*' She were that drenched, as you might have draw'd the water from 
her apum." 

THEY, var. pron. of " those." 

" They boys !" 

THIS- A WAY, adv. in this direction. 

THOMASING,/>Ar. going round begging on St. Thomas' Day 
(December 21st). 

A man-servant, who objected to answering so many summons to the 
door, asked, as a poser: "Do you know why you call it Thomasing ?'* 
** I suppose as he wur the gen'leman as left us the gifs," was the reply. 

THROM. prep. var. pron. of = " from." 
THROPPUNSE, var. pron. of "threepence." 
THRONG, adj. crowded. 
THURROW, sb. var. pron. of "furrow." 

TICKET, pkr. 

•* How's your wife ?•* "Well, she's joost not the ticket '* (not as right as 
might be). Used of persons or things. 



RITTLAND WORDS. 

TIDI>, adj. fond. 

" The child's so iidd ot her least brother." 

TIDDY, adj. tiny. 

" Her wur the liidieit little thing. I know'd her wur not long for the 

TILL, adv. while. [P<r contra, "while" is used to represent the 
received sense of "till.") 

TINE, sb. the prong of a fork. 

" He run the lini of Ihe fork into my tut," 

TINKER, «. and a. of bungling repairs. 

"He's been liiikering at it a long time, that he'll never make a good job 
"He promised lo mend il as good as new. but he's but a poor linUcr 



PE, Ttji. to turn (a load of coal) out of a cart. 



TLB, ih. var. pt 
" I could much a 






thistle." 

hassock -hoeing oi 



spooding tislles." 



TO, prep, for; of a relish, &c., vegetables, drink; of, concerning ; 
but, except (up to, exduskt). 

" Oi'd nobhut dry bread to my dinner, lolmes an' loimes Oi hevn't." 
■ (C/. "They had John to their minisiet."— ..ills 0/ thi ApoUifs, A.V.) 
" Will you take any mustard So your beef?" 
■' Mother sometimes takes a tilile drop lo her supper." 

" What will you take to your dinner, Mr. S ?" 

"What do you think lo it yoursen ?" 

" The last letter she wrote— no I I won't tell a lie if I can help it I— 

e last letter lo one." 

DNG, sb. var. p>on, of " tongue." 

TING, part, to peep or pry. 
" She come isiing m at the window," 

TOT-OUT, v.ij, to carry round and pour out the allowance of 



"Who's going to be toltir-oul ?" (I 



an not sure that this is not of 
'lot it up" has been commonly 
up" in generations which knew 
nd such like educational imple- 



TOTTER-GRASS, sb. " quaking-grass," brixa media. 

" If you want to gether lotltr-grtsi, you med go down Press'on Lane." 



TOWN, A. ftc. often applied to rOla^es or m w ju&lup> of two 
hundred popniafion or so, while Uppingham (containing some 
thousands) I once heard called ^ the Tillage of Uppin^iam." 

*TWtr— fd* *«Thetopo£ tfaeavwB.* 

- TW liBB ■fm li ■'— Otf Aeamats. 

** Reooved ol the 7«w of GbTSoo.*— /Ml 

""Tke te«i's-cad* b the pimse aov xa oseat LsfieBbam far the end 
oftheWlli^ There n a mtmujooent in the rhancK then to the 
ol ^ofan I>«t7. Esq- (vbo died in zr5S). "liaenSj '^^^r— ^*^ from 
Antieni Fanulf vfaose Rrwimce las been ax liss T« 
unnarea m< 



TRADE, j(. hiss, troohle, 

" She made sndi a Aradk o£ it.' 



TRAY, j(. a wattkd-hm^dle. 

** in pot a irrnf to keep the dup oat o' the gap.** 

TRIG, tk. a narrow path in a wood. 
TURPS, sk. fl. vmr. pnm. of "turnips." 
TUSHES, J*, ft. ««r. /fm. of "tusks." 
TUSSOCK, sk. a tuft of coarse grass. 
UP OF, fnp. upon« 

VALENTINE-BUNS, A. the baker's name for ''shitdes,'* q.v. 
At Lyndon (1889) children go round to various houses, as on 
May Day. singing songs and asking the inmates to " Remember 
Saint Valentine." 

VIPER'S DANCE, f€c. rar. prom, for " Saint Vitus's Dance." 

I haire beard "nrvthu" hazarded as tbe etymology of the name of this 
malady. As there is a ▼olgar error current that St. Mtns is a saint 
invented by the Protestant imagination, I may mention that he appears 
as a martyr, in company with SS. Modestns and Crescentia, in antient 
kalendars and modem martyrologies, on lone 15th. He was a noble 
Sicilian saint, patron of dancers and of those who have a difficulty in 
early rising. Angels came and danced in his prison, a.d. 503. 

WANKLING, adj. weakly. 

WARBLE, sb. a sore place (from the bite of a fly ?). 

**Tbe brown mare's got what they call a w^rbU on her neck, jnst where 
the collar goes. They come at this time of year — in July and August.*' 

WARRAND, sb. rar.fnm. of "warrant." 

'* A Wsnad^'—CcmstmbU's Actommts, 1720. 



RUTLAND WORDS. 39 

WAS, v.H. pec. went away, have been gone (as we say "I was 
from home"). 

" I never uiii from Thorpe 10 Stahmford afoor," 

WASH-DYKE, ib. a pit for sheep-washing. 

WASHING-TRAY, sb. a wooden tub for iaundry-work, con- 
sidered a more genteel expression than " kim'nel." 

WATEK-BLOBS, sb. a marsh weed. 

WE, or WEEK, and WER; pr. possessive 
" We'm not 'ed owffloonch." 



ir.ptoH. of " our." 



WELT, sb. a seam. 

'■ The mils is all undone." 




WELT, v.a. to beat. 

"A hound coom over Ihe dyke, a 
tnll bira !" 


□'. my aunt ! how [ho hoon 


WER; si\so\WUli,pr.possasive. 
■■ We'm had n'/r leas.*' 


See Weer. 



WESH, i-.fl. var. pron. of " wash." 
Id old parish accounis 1 bad :— 
" For D-'Hisiiig Ihe ubill cloih,''^!?!?, :7i9, 
" Surplis uihasing," — 1720. 
'■ Wliiiiing the tabell clolh."— 1729 
'■ For Bushing (he lining, and Cleening Plate, 51." — 1768. 
'' Pot WiashiHg o[ ihe Communong LinninRi 51." — 1776. 

pHEAT, sb. The old dissyllabic pronunciation of" wheat" still 
iBurvives. 

jirHlLE, WHILES, or WHILST, adv. until. 

"The Norlh Weste wiodeoor. I was 1 dayes; And ray Son was a days. 
And the third day wilt three a Clock, 61. ^d."— Mason's .IccomhI, 1722. 

SfHlNGELING, adj. whining, freiful. 

Ef IPPET, sb. a thin, slightly-made person. 

HIRLY-PUFF, sb. a whirling eddy of dust. 
" fVhirty pop/s mostly tokens dry weather," 



[fHISSUNTIDE, WHISSUN, var.p 
professor Skeat would have us write, 
■' Wkisnn Sunday is our feast -Sunday," 
'■ So many folks keeps the IVfiiuuH holidays. 



I. of " Whitsun," or, as 
Whit." 



WHISSUN-BOSSES, ji. the round blossoms of the guetdfr 
rose; called also "snowballs." 

WHITTIRE, sb. one who works and " taws " whit-leather for 
e purposes. As Dr. Evans expresses it. the relation of 
thetradesman isas follows: Cobbler : shoemaker ; : aikiitowtr; 

harness-maker. 

'■ Name, A. B . Place of Residence, Norlh Luffenham. Trade or 

Occapalion, Whittoiar." — Fariih Registn. 

WHITTLE, A. a clasp-knife. 

WHO, /-r. inUtrogatiret rar. ptoit. of "whose?" 

■' WAd' be then) ship?" 

WHULL, WHULLY, adj. and adv. rar. pron. of "whole," 
" wholly." Sometimes the h is aspirated in this word, and in 
" who," &C,, likewise. 

WHUM, adv. and sb. rar. pron, of " home." 

WINDMILL, phr. An inferior caligraphist making "Bill 
Stumps, his mark," with a cross, is said to "do the windmill." 

WINDORE, ib. var. pron, of " window." 

" The Nonb Weate wmdtoor" — Accounli, 1721. 

WINDOW-PEEPER, 16. an obsolete office, whether connected 
with the window-tax or the watchman's duty 1 cannot say. 
•' Spent with the v.\sdow piper, is." — CcmlabU's Atccvnt, 1720. 
■■ Paid Lawrence picltteing for going with Windowpetpcr, f4."-~fjm. 

WIN'-SHAKE, 16. (long -i- as in "wine," "lime," &c.) a 
windfall ; a bough of a tree blown down. 
■■ There's a a'in-ihakt in Ihe choorch yard." 

WIRE or WYRE, sb. a weir or sluice in a stream; a pond 
with a hatch. 

" For wood at ihe nHrit 3d." — Highmiy Aeeount, 1719. 
" For two days Worke in Wyri Lane and the Townsend, tj. 6d." — 1743. 
■■Middle IVier." - Witr Close,- •■ Fit H'(«.""The Wire Hill," appear 
ID Glaston maps, &e. 

WOH, pr. inlerrogatire, aspirated fr. of " who ?" I have heard a 
local catechist begin by asking a child, " Wo made you ?" 

WORK, v.n. and a. to manage ; to go on. 

" II ii'orlii well e 

" It doan't li/urk as it oughl'n ii'ffrA" (said of garden soil). 
" It's o' no use, I can't uurft ill" exclaimed the old clerk of R— 
a third false slarl at raising a hymn. 




RUTLAND WORDS. 4I 

WORRIT, sb. and p. var. pron. of ** worry " (both of persons 
and things). 

•• Her's a bit o' a worrit," 

WUR, pr, possessive. See We. 

WUTS, sh. var. pron. of *» oats " ; originally pronounced as a 
dissyllable, "oats," from which form "wuts" is reached by 
quicker pronunciation. 

YAH, pr. var. pron. of ** you." 
•♦No,><iAdoant!" 

YATE, sh. var. pron. of **gate." 

•• The pinfould Ytat,*' — Oversur*5 Accounts, 1721. 

YOURN, pr. (in absolute construction), var. pron. of " yours." 

*libisD*iyoum'' 



ADDENDA. 



A lew additions have reached me too late for insertion above* 
BUG, adj. big, in the sense of " conceited." 

'* She is too bug *' (she thinks too moch of herself). 

CAR, sb.f and CARFUL, adj.^ var. pran. for **care" and 
" careful." 

•• I must U* car." •' I must be carfui:* 

CLUNGY (the same as Clongy.) 

CRAP, sh, var. pton. of ** crop." 

" We've had a good crap this year.** 

DOITED, part, adj. dazed, stupid. 

GAIN (add the further equivalents, ** cheap,** *' inexpensive"). 
" I will do the job as gain as I can." 

HAS is often used where we should use** is" in common English. 
And, vice versa^ — 

IS is frequently used where we should say ** has" in common 
English. Rutland thus preserves the use handed down from 
Teutonic ancestry. 

**lam been wonderful bad.'* (I have been very ill.) 

LEAD, VM. and in common use absolutely. To cart or carry 
hay or com. 

* • They are leading to-day. ' ' 

LETHER, v,a. to beat. (I cannot tell whether the true 
derivation is from using the leathern strap or from tanning 
the hide.) 

•• ni Uther you !" 

MOUSE*S EAR, sh, the name of a plant, unfortunately not 
identified. 

NOWT, sh. var.pron. of ** naught " or ** nought," nothing. 
'- It's nowt 0* the kind !" 



ADDENDA. 43 

ODDLY, adv. pec, now and then ; here one and another there. 

" You only see hares in the Field now oddly,** (The •* Field ** refers to 
the "open field " before Inclosure.) 

OWT, sb. var. pron. of ** aught " or ** ought," anjrthing. 
"I don't ovfeowtr 

SHACKING, part. adj. idle good-for-nothing. 

" He's a shacking chap." This statement was made by a witness at 
the assizes at Oakham, and the judge asked what it meant. Dr. Abdy 
gave a full explanation of the phrase. Witness then deposed that the 
prisoner said to him, " 111 'ave yur blud." 

SHARP, pec. adj. adverbial^ strictly. 

An old woman in Rutland about thirty years ago gave this tersely 
accurate and expressive description of her short and decisive, though 
possibly not easy, method with her family when they had been voung : 
" I kept them sharp ^ belly and carcase." meaning that they had had no 
more to eat than was strictly necessary, and that the rod was not spared. 



P. vi., line 4 from bottom, /or '• clep " read •' clip." 

P. 4. " Beans " is given rightly as a dissyllable in the Glossary. Other 
like instances might have been given, as '* heap," *• leaves,*' " meat," *• oats," 
" spreead '* (which is the old-fashioned pronunciation of *' spread," the later 
and more polite pronunciation in Rutland being " spreed " as a monosyllable), 
•* wheat." 



Manchester: 
printed by the market street press ltd. 



189I. 



UPTON-ON-SEVERN WORDS 



AND PHRASES. 



BT 



EGBERT LAWSON, M.A., 

lUetor of Uptom-cm'Sevem, and Son, Canon ^ WorottUr Caikedtml. 



portion : 
PUBLISHED FOR THE ENGLISH DIALECT SOCIETY 

BY TBUBKEB & CO., LUDGATE HELL 

1884. 

1 



-ry 



PREFATORY NOTE. 



Thb collection of Upton -on- Severn Words and Phrases 
which occupies the following pages was made by the Rev. 
Canon Lawson, and is attached as an Appendix to a new 
book by Mrs. Lawson, entitled The Nation in the Parish, 
or Records of Upton-on- Severn, 

On Mr. Lawson applying to me for some information, I 
took the opportunity of asking him if he would allow the 
English Dialect Society to have a reprint of his list of 
words for issue to the members. He kindly consented, 
and the present publication, including a few corrections 
and additions, is the result. The thanks of the members 
are due to Canon Lawson for his permission to add this 
collection to the Society's series. 

J. H. NODAL. 

November 1, 1884. 




UccH of the iBJignage belonging to different eroe of national 
hie atill lies imbedded in the variouB strata of local dialect. 
This, however, is rapidlj disappeariag before (he advance of 
railwajB, newspapers, aad schools ; for it is the tendency of 
theie, while levelling up onr vocabulary to the requirements 
of contemporary diction, to smooth down and bury aH oxit- 
etavpvig ruggodnesB of old-world spaecb. 

It IM the more desirable to collect some of the survivals which 
may yet be found among the household words of our Worcea- 
tershire folk, because Mr. Halliwell-PbillippB * has noticed very 
few u belonging to this county. And Upton, combining, as it 
does, some urban with some mral oharaoteristlcs, would be 
likely to ifield, were the neodfol leisure and study applied, a 
nober vanety of such survivals than places which are towns or 
villages pure and simple.i' 

The collection here presented is very far irom being com- 
plete. It baa been niado with scanty knowledge of other 
eollectione; and the specimena which it contains have been 
picked up, for the most part, upon the surface, and in many 
OOBSB labelled with more of guesswork than of research. 
NevertbeleBB, an expert in etymology will not fail to note 
among them some fossil rehos of the speech of the sucoesaive 
rocea which have made their homes on the banks of Bevern ; 
and he will also find expressions wliich, although long unknown 
to ordinary dictionaries, were once familiar utterances, in locally 
varied forma, of our composite English tongue. 

To some of the words and phraees given below attention waa 
colled by a brochure issued under an assumed name by the lato 
Bev, C. Allen, Incumbent of Bnshley,; who baa therein re- 

■ "Dictionary of Arohoio imd Provincial Wocdn," tenlli edition, 
I 18SI. Only foorteeu of the Upton words given below are by bim 
[ Mdgned to Worcestershire. To each of these the abbreviation Mall, 
^ la appendf d. 

+ ]j*land Bpenks of Upton as " a townlet : " but Strobo, a writer 
I el niDCfa earlier date and more exteodi'd travel, nses a term which 
I llill more accurately dencribes it, " iii,iii6iru\:c, S vlllage-tf 



Woroeatenibirp, by A. Poraon, '. 
and Ciairison, Tewfaesbury, l"~ 



i Sayings 



1 the Dialect of Soatb 



' JamesFarker & Co., London ; 



corded a number of original and raoy sayings of the Sonth 
Woroestershire peasantry. The words in hJB list Are about a 
hundred and fifty ; bat, as Bushley ia neighbour to Tewkeabixry 
rather than to Upton, leaa than a hundred of these find a place 
iu an Upton Olossary. Frooi a uuch longer list, sent by tha 
present Incumbent of Busliloy, the Rev. E. B. Dowdesnell, 
about thirty words have been thankfidly adopted after careful 
scrutiny. Many valnableadditiona have been Huggestcdby Mrs. 
ChamberlMn'H " GloBeary of West Worcestershire Words,"* and 
by an unpublished ooUeotiou which has been made by the Rev. 
Hamilton Kingaford, Vicar of Stoulton. and illustrated from 
Shakespeare by hia brother, Mr. Walter B. Kingeford, of 
Lincoln's -inn. With r^j^ard to some special words, Professor 
Skeat baa been consulted, and ho has most kindly fumiahed 
the informatioD and EUggesttoDs to which his name is attached. 
For further matter, denved from his Etymological Dictionary, 
the new editioQ (18S4) of that work is quoted. Miss Jackson's 
'** Shropshire Word-book " (pp. 524) f- was not obtained until aller 
I tiie following OloBsary had gone to the printer ; and, even then, 
I (he extent and completeness of her work mii;ht havo extinguished 
I this attempt in deapair, but for the consciousnees that the latter 
I purports to be no more than a hastily developed after -thought, 
lpl>eoded to the records of a single parish. 

Much care has been taken to eiclude all words which have 
not been verified as being more or less used in the [larish of 
, Dpton ; and cordial thanks are due to many friends who have 
I rendered weloome aid in the process of authentication, as well 
U in that of discovery- 
It haa properly come within the scope of the Glossary Ic 
&ictude words wbicb, altboogh not of unusual meaning, are 
ontuukUy proDOonced ; but only a few of such are given by 
wi^ of hsiping to indicate local pbooetics. The following may 
serve m specimens of a considerable number for which spaoe 
«ould not be afforded :—alAtrf (athwari), athoul (without], 
irockiloui (brocoli), 'cuft, moif, gowiui, lat/loek (Tilaoi, tnarvtl 
(marble), moral (model), 'ommer (hammer), oppU, rot (rat), 
I ,njjf (rt>ul)> 'oltel (salad), ikeUinlon, iparrib, wviUnge (.syringe), 
'fM«, iMrmit, unbthnoumtt, tchattomever, wop4, 

Tlie lack of space has also demanded the excision of the 
OUiivs of wild flowers, except in a few special instances. 

^Vllile ui> words have b*ea r^eoted 1-ecause not peculiar to 

l^lou, the general rule kept in yiew has been not to admit any 

Wnieh eftpev eithsr (1) to belong to the domain of slang or 

L «(MurM hiiguagB, or (3) to be used with uniform sound or mean- 

L-hg IB noM put* of Bn^^and ; >uoh as (1) bUih», rodup ifiom). 

I 'ImW, Mmmi, Met (dismisa), ilcpe (d^art). (imU, Ac. ; (S> 

[•tlMt utf aft«iir (endun), eXitt^ting*. «roct, fimftr-$iM. 

~ U-yorrf, kmmttt haulm,kti»*, knff. Iitity (et«wt), twor (atiiw;), 

f,fikiUttpul uiomi, t mrni i lg (gentry), riaw, tiglU (qnann^), 

• PnbtbWl for lk» Ksf^U BUm* SmMj lif THlbMr ft Oo., 



XMdMl^kU 



UPTON WO&DS AND PESJkSEB. 7 

Mlaek (small ooal), slop, BmocJc, snacTc, swa/rm (olimb), Bwath, 
Hne, trapes, ventu/reaome, unthy, &o. 

It ifl, however, almost ^possible so to observe this role as to 
satisfy every reader, and an exception to it has purposely been 
made in the ease of a few technical words (mostly relating to 
trades or agrionltnre), which are more or less in general use. 
These have been inserted in order to supply an explanation of 
terms which occasionally meet the nnfairniliar eye or ear 
without conveying a dear impression of their meaning. 



DPTON WORDS AND PHEASES. 



GLOSS ABY. 

AiBBBVUTiOKB. — Adj., adjectwe; adv., adverb; aU., allied; 

A.S., AcglO'Sftxoti; contp., compare ; cfcr., derived from ; £t. 

Diet., Skeat'B Etymologieal Dictioaaqr; Fr., French; Hall., 

Hftlliwell-PhaiippB ; Icel., IpoUiidio ; w(., inteijeclion ; Ldt,, 

LB,tm; M.E., mddle Englieb ; n., nonn ; jiart,, participle; 

j)(it., plural ; jprtp., preposition; pr., pronoun; pron., pro- 
nunciation; img., fiiaguW; v., verb. 
ABOVE-A-BIT, adv. Considerably, a Rood deal 
ACCABB, V. Pron. of accord. To agree, or be of one mind. 
ACKEEN, (I. Pron. of acorn ; der. not A.S. dc, oak, bM A.S. 

acer, a field, an aare (Et. Diet.). 
ACQUAINTANCE, n. A sweetheart. 

ADDEB, n. One who enlari^os a statement beyond the faclit. 
ADLANB, n. ProTt. of headland. A strip of ground left for 
_ the plough to torn upon at the end of the furrowa. 
ADLED, part. Pron. of addled ; A.S. adela, mad (El. Diet.). 
A-OATE, adv. Astir, a-going, in band. 
AGLE, n. An iciole. A.S. gieel (Skeat). 
AILS, n. (pronounced, abyk). Beards of cone-wheat or barley. 

A.S. egla, egle, a priokls, a mote (Et. Diet.). 
AIT, n. Pron. of eyot. An ialet in a river. leel. ty, an island 

(Et. Diet.). 
ALL-ABOUT.IT, n. The whole matter. 
ALL-AS'IS, n. All that remains. 
ALL-AS-ONE, adv. All the same. 
ANANT,ANENBT,oeANUNST, prep. Neit to, over against, 

opposite. Anenst, Ben Jonsoo's Alchemist, ii. L 
ANIGHST, prep. Near. 
ANIGHTS, adv. At night. 
ANT-TUMP. n. An ant-bill. 
ANY-MORE-THAN, adv. If it was not that. " I should be 

sure to go to church any more than I've not got a gownd to 

my back, noi yet a shoe to my fiit." 
AEBAND, OB AKEANT, n. Pron. of errand; A.S. armtdty a 

mesBoge, business (Et. Diet.). 
ASP, Ji. An aspen tree. Properly, aspen is the adj. form, as 

wooden of wood (Et. Diet,). 
AWHILE, V. To spare time. " I can't awhile to stop now ; I 

got my waebin' agate." 
BACKEN, II. To keep buck, as growth of crops. 
BACK-FEIEND, n. A hangnail. 
BACK-SIDE, n. A yard at the back of a house. Ben Jonson's 

The Case is Altered, iv. 4. 
BADGER, n. A dealer, as in fruit, grain, poultry, Ac Properly, 

a dealer in com, and jocularly transferred to the brock, which 

was supposed to feed upon com. Herrick calls the badger 

" the gray farmer " (Et. Dint.). 
BAG, n. (1) (Of wheat) three bushels. (2) The udder of a cow. 
BAIT, n. A labourer's luncheon. Comp, bait for a horse, and 

bite. 
BAND-HAY, n. Inferior hay used for bay-bandp, packing, &c. 



L 



UPTON WORDS AND PHRASES. 9 

BAKGLES, n. Severed branoheB not leea tii&n six iocheB in 
diameter. 

BANNUT, ». A Bmall kind of walnut. 

BAT, n. A beetle, v. To blink with the eyes. 

BATHER, V, To take a. dust bath, as birds do. 

BATTER. V, To slope the side of a ditch or banlf . Fr. abatlre. 

BEAEBINE, ». The wild convolvolua {arvi^gU). A.B. here, 
com or barley {bere-tic, i.e.. bear-leek, Skeat), and bine, a 
twining stem, ue of the bop-plont. 

BECALL, V. To rate, or abnse. '"Er hecalled mil sheamfol! " 

BED-LIER, n. One who is bed-ridden. 

BEESTINGS, or BOISTINGS, n. The first milk drawn bom 
e, now after culving. 

BEETLE, n, A hoary mallet, chiefly need for driving wedges, 
2 Hen. IV. J. 2. 

BELL, n. A small watery blister, v. To bellow, as a cow. A.S. 
bellait. 

BEST. D. To pet the better of. 

BEZZLE, V. To squander on drink. " 'E's bin be zzling about 
all the wik." (See Embezzle and Imbecile in £t. Diet.). 

BIG, V. To magnify. " 'E's a Rood un to big 'isself." 

BIBD-BATTING. n. Bird -catching. 

BlVER, V. To quiver as the hps do ; A.S. bifiam, to tremble 
(Skeat). Uncommon. 

BLACKSMITH'S DAUGHTER, n. A look and key to a door 
or Rata.* 

BLACK-STEER, 71. ABtarlinR. 

BLAGGEBB, n. Pron, of blackguard. One addicted to swear- 
ing and low language, 

BLIND, adj. AppUed to blossom that does not eome to fruit. 

BLOW, n. Blossom (pronounced, blaow). 

BLUB, e. To swell. "Well, your face be blubbed np ! " 
Comp. blubber ; also bleb and blob, a bhster or bubble (Et. 
Diet.). 

BLUE ISAAC, n. A hedge-sparrow, A.S. Itege-tugge, hedge- 
sucker. Chaucer, Assemble of foules, heiaugge. Blue, pro- 
bably, &om colour of eggs. 

BLUE-TAIL, n. A fieldfare. 

BOAT, n. A veseel on Severn, pointed at either end, and carry- 
ing about thirty-seven tons. 

BOBOWLET, n. A large moth. 

BODY -HORSE, n. The middle horse in a team. 

BOLTING, n. A measure of straw, being » bundle of from 
14 lb. to 21 lb. 



* Both lack and kty, bowerer, are mostly represented by roaeouliiie 
pronoima ; and, so far aa baa been ascertained, Ihe only inanimate 
objects rpoken of ae "she," or rather "her" (wluob is the Dsnal 
nominatiie), are a boat of any kind, a church bell, a cricket ball, a 
fire-engiiie, and a railway train. Id Devonshire it used to be said 
that the nee of the fcmiiiine proDcan was still iQore refitrict«d, and 
that everyUiing was of the mascnline geoder except a tom-oat. la 
that county tjie writer has heard a womtm say, " Se'i a nice, 
mothrrly sbawl," and one of Nelson's old salts apeak of a ship aa 



10 UPTON WORDS AND 

BONDS, n. Willow twig* for tying up kids, &c. 

BORE, n. The tidal siirge iu Sovem, which uaed to be plainly 

visible At Upton. Also called Flood'e-bead. 
BOST, V, To burst, genernlly in an eicorative sense. " They 

hoalfd wSontH." " Boat this door, 'e wiint open." 
BOTTLE, n. A small wooden keg for can'ymg a labotuw'a 

BOUGHTEN, part. Said of bread or beer not made or brewed 

BOUT, n. A torn or time; Bpeoially applied to sicknesH and 
ploughing, Der. DoniBh bugt, a, bend, turn, bight ; but in 
sense of sickness, drinking, £c,, dtr. Fr. fioaler, to thrust ; a 
stroke, or lime (Et. Diet,). 

BOW-HAUL, V. To tow a vessel by man-power, 

BOS, n. The treasury of a Friendly Society ! "on tlie box," 
drawing an allowance from the Glob. 

BRAND-TAIL, n. Theredstart. 

BREE, n. A large cattle-By. Eriee, Troil. and Cress, i. 8. 
A.8, brimta, a gad-fly ; M.E. breie (El. Diet.). 

BREEDa, it. The hrim of a hat. 

BR£VIT. u. To prowl, or hang about. •> I seed Mr. Ranalds 
(the foi) a-brevitin' about." " Wotbe tbembwoysa-ftrwitMi' 
about in onr lane for ? " 

BRIM, n. A boar pig. 

BRUND, or BRUN, 71. A log for burning. ■' Fetch a. good 
chump o' wood out o' tho cellar, and put 'iin bcjind the fire 
for a Christmas brun." Comp. brand {brond, Chaucer, G. T. 
1S40). A.S. brinnan, to bum (Et. Diet.). 

CRUSH, or BRASH, n. Small branches of trees, used for pea- 
sticks and kids. 

BRDSH-HOOK, n. A long-handled biU-hook for trimming 

BUCKLE, n. A twt^ of basel or withy, pointed at both ends. 

ehaved fiat, and twisted, for eecuriog thatch, v. In eenso of 

bend, 2 Hen. IV. i. 1. 
BUFFLE. V. To speak with a catoh in the breath ; to stutter. 

In Middle Engliah buffer is a stattorer (Et. Diet.). Wiolif, 

Isaiah xiiii. 4. 
BUFF-PEAL, n. A muffled peal. 
BULLPITS, OR BDLLPEAT8. n. Tufts of coarse grass very 

blunting to the scythe. Probably from tho tufl on a bull's 

forehead. See Miss Baker's North amptooshire Gloss., 

" BuU-pated." 
BUMBLE.FOOTED, adj. Club-footed. 
BUNNEL, n. Something to drink. Boon-ale ? (Skeat). 
BUNT, V. To butt or thrust with the horn. 
BURCOE, n. Pron. of borecole. 

BURDEN, V, To forbode. " I biirdem tempest afore night." 
BURR, 11. A Bweet-bread. 
BURRO, n, Sboller from wind or sun. Babies must be kept. 

and cuttings must be planted, in the burrfi. Same word as 

burrow and borough. A.S. beorgan, to protect (Et. Diet.). 
BUB7, 11. A storage of roots coveiod with earth. Proaonnoed 

as borry. 



11 



BUH80CK, or BOOSSOCK, n. A bad coagh. v. To oough. 

ChieSy applied to cattle. 
BUT-JUST, adv. Just this moment. 
BUTTY, n. A mate, or fellow -workman. Der. boly-fclmoe, 

partner in booty. A butt; gong is & gang of men who share 

eqTially. (El. Diet.). 
CADDLE, c. To nestle, to want to bo petted. Comf. Cado- 

lomb, coddle. Old Fr. eailel. a etarvelini^, &o., one that bath 

need of oockerinc and pampering (Et. Diet.). 
CADOE, V. To bee indirectly by means of hinta or flattery. 
CAG-MAO, V. {HaU.) To 'inarrel. 
CALL, n. BueinesE, right, Dccasion. " 'Er 'ad no call to kip 

on becalliu' of 'im that-a'Way." 
CALLUST, adj. Saturated, choked up, impermeable ; applied 

to soil. Connected with callous, from Lai. calliu, or eallum, 

thick akin or coating, difficult to penetrate (^keat). 
CANT, V. To tell tales behind back. 
CAFLIN. n. The attachment of the nUe to the biuid-etick of a 

flail. Through the bow of a wooden swivel working on the 

hand-stick, and through a loop of strong horse-hide laced on 

the niJe by a thnnk, the middle-bond loosely pauses, and, being 

knotted, fastens tlie two members of the flail together. 
CAKCA8E, n. The trunk of the body. " It were about as big 

as the carciue of our John," 
CABPET. V. To call in for reproof. " 1 knowed as 'ex 'A be 

earpoted if 'er carried on so." 
CABRIER, n. ^ame as Messenger. 
CABBY -ON, V. To behave improperly. 
CARBYINGS-ON, n. Improper conduct. 
CAST, n. A second swarm of bees from one hivo, 
CATCHING, adj. Applied to weather, showery. 
CAZ'U'LTY, adj. Precarious, uncertain. ''A caiu'lti/ joh." 
CHANCER, n. One who makes rash and inexact statements. 

" Bhe'e a bit of a chancer." 
CHARKY, adj. Caked, cracky, as BOil in drought after wet. 
CHARM, n. A hum, or oonfused murmur, as of many voieee. 

Der. Lat. earmen, a song (Et. Diet.). 
CHASTISE, I). To find fault witli ; to nuestion (confiiBed with 

catechize ?). Der. Lat., through Fr.. castigwre (Et. Diet.). 
CHAT, V. To gather chips. " I got the grant to go &-cha,ttin' 

when tbey fall'd them big ellums." 
CHATS, ». Chipe. 
CHAWL, n. Pron. of jowl, a pig's cheek. Jaw was formerly 

spelt chaw (Et. Diet.). 
CHAWU, n. Pron. of chasm, a crevice, an earth-crack. 
CHEAT, n. The gtasshopper-warbler. 
CHEESE, n. Apples that have been pressed for cider, but not 

wrung through the hairs. 
CHIBBAI48, TO. Onions grown from bnlbs, Fr. cibonle. 
CHILL, V. To take the ohill off. A.S, eyfe, eele, great cold. 

Camp. Lat. gelidwa (Hit. Diet.). 
CHILVEB,«. A ewe lamb. A.S. rii/or (Skeat). 
CHIMB, n. Pronounced, chiine ; the end of a stave which pro- 
jects beyond the head of the caek. 



U UPTOM WOED9 AND 

in other. " No, mmn, I don't go to chnrcU now, mi 
ori^DR do make sncb a dotherin' in my poor yud." 

DOTMEXT, n. A mesa of greaae and dirt procTired from 
olinrob -belle, or a cArt-whoel, Bopposed to core the ahingles. 

DOUT. «. To do ont, or exlingniBh. Com/>, doff, and don. 

DOWN-HILL, adj. and adu. (1) Applied to wind, ambignoas ; 
acoordin^ to the watermen, a down-hill wind is. like a down- 
stream wind, from the north : but it ia often need otherwise. 
as, " The wind is a-|;oiie down-'ilt," i.i'., has gone round to the 
south. (2) Applied to a line on the downward slope. " Thai 
rail don't aim just level; 'e fallBfJoij"i-'iU a bit." 

DOWSE, n. A blow (on the head). Pronoanced aa rhyming 
with home. Perhaps all. to dash (Et. Dint.), 

DOZEN, n. Thirteen in selling plants, cuctmibers, and many 
kinds of vegetable B for eating. 

DRAFT, n. Two and a half bamlred-weight of ooal. 

DRIOOLE, n. A amalt-meahed draw-net, used from the livar 
bank in high water. 

DRINK-HOUSE, n. The building in which cideria kept. 

DBOMEDABy, n. A slow, stupid, or clumsy person. "0 
Jim, you dromedary ! to misa that easy catoh I '' 

DUB, 11. (1) To bend or pull down. (2) To throw, as a stone. 

DUCK'S-PROST, H. DriEzUng rain. " IfU be a duek'ifroit 
afore the morrow." 

DUMB-NETTLE, n. Dead-nettle. 

DUUMEL, n. A atapid, awkward thing; applied to men, 
()attle. tools, ko. A.S. damb (Skeat). 

DUNNY, adj. Deaf. 

DURE, V. To last. 

EAN, V. (of ewes). To bring forth young. " Eaninga " and 
" eoning-Iime," Mer. of Venice, i. 2. A.S. ninian (Et, Diet.). 

ELDER, n. An udder. 

ELEVENS, n. An intermediate meal at 11 a.m. 

ELLERN.n. An elder-bush. The d is exoresoent ; M.E.eZIer 
(Et. Diet.). 

EMPT. ti. To empty. 

£THERINGS, n. Rods of hazel used for weaving in and oat 
of the tops of hedge-stakes ; also for bean Etioks, and for 
making orates. In some places called edderings. 

ETTLE8, n. Nettles. 

EVENT, n. Used for amount or quantity. "There's any 
event of potatoes in the bury." 

EVER-SO, adv. In any cose, at the worst. " Not if it were 

EXPRESSIONS, B. Coarse langtiage. 

EYE, V. (1) To glance at. "Her on'y eijeil the letter, and 
' ("2) To regard with ill-will; 1 Sam. 



v'd it I 



FAD. n. A whim, a fanny. 

FADDY, adj. Fanoifnl. fidgety. 

FADY, (hK. Flabby, as the flash of a drooping child. " Why, 

'is dear utUe arms bo as/adij siifitily.'' 
FAG, generally OLD FAG. », Tufts of last yew's grass np|g 

eatoo down. Northern, Fog. v. To pull hard, as at a rops. • 



DPTON WORDS » 



15 



FAQQIT, n. (1) A cake, oi small pudding, of spioed mittoe, 
madfl from pig's-iiy, &c. ('2) A term of reproach to a 

FAINTY. aij. Inclining to fainlnees. 

FALL. I-. To fell, as a tree. 

FALLING- WEATHER, v. Weather in which rain, htul, or 

Btion' may be expected. 
PALTEH, o. To fail iu health. 
FAMMEL, V. To famish. Comp. Lot. /ainelteiM. 
FABDEN-PIECE. n. A fwthing. 
FAST, adj. Forward, impulsive, 
FATCHES, 71. Vetches. - Fitches," IsuAb xxtUl 36 ; Ezek. 



'.9. 



" He B. 



FEATURE, o. To be hke in lace. " 'E do feature 'is father ; 

'e'B as lihe aa like." 
FBLT,n. A fieldfare. 

FELTH, n. SooBation. " 'ErVe ua/elth uv 'er right 'and." 
FETCH. V. To deal, as a blow. " A-done, or Vli/eteh thee a 

dowse on th' ynd." 
' FETTLE, n. Proper order, v. To get ready, set in order ; 

Bom. and Juhet, iii. 4. 
FILBEABD, n. Pron. of filbert Perhaps ottlled after St. 

Philibert, whose day, Ang. 22 (old stjle) is in the nutting 

Heaaon (Et. Diet.). 
FIND OF, V. To fael. 
PIBE-LIGHT, n. Pron. of violet. 
FITCHEB. n. A polecat. 

FITCHER-COLOUBED, adj. Of the colour of a polecat. 
FITHEB, v. To scratch or fidget with feet or SugerB. 
PITTLE, n. {Ball)_ Proa, of \-iotiial. 
FLEET, n. A floating bridge, or horse-ferry. 
FLEN. 71. Plu. of flea. 

FLETCHER, n. A shoot for the overSow of Borplns water. 
PLIM, a4j. Pliable, limp. 

FLOOD'8-HEAD, n. Same as Boro on the Severn. 
FLOWER-KNOT, n. A flower-bed ; King Riohard 11. iii. 4. 
FOOT-SET, adj. Applied to a temporary fence, or stop-gap. of 

dead thoma set upright in a trench, and trodden in with the 

FOREMOST.HORSE, n. The leading horse in a team. 

FODR-0'CLOCK, n. A meal at that hour. 

FRAME, n. A skeleton. '• 'Er hain't no mora nor a/ranie.'' 

PBANOY, adj. Of horses, restive (g soft). 

FRANZY, mij. Paaaiooate. impetaoua (tren 

FBESH, adj. Not very drank. 

FKESH-LIQDOR, n. Dnsalted lard. 

FBODGB, n. The Rround-ica which rises from the bottwi 



,icd). 



Comp. boie. 



" like packs o" wool," when a hard frost breaks np. 



FRUM. tidj. Forward, welt grown, fiiU, thriving; applied to 
vegetables, graas, fruit, and animals. 



16 



PUIiIiAB. ti. Tb« tool used for making b fullaring. Dns 
FULLABINO. n. The Kroove in k horM-sboe in wfaiefi tiie 

DftiU Are inserted. Dying oaL 
FUEKACE. n. A large boiler, set in brickwork, for brewing, 

mukin g soap, Jt«. 

FTAOD, ajj. Pron. of few. 

GAFFER, n. A master, an overlooker. 

GAIN, n. A shallow wal«r-coarBe. lul;. (1) In » workmanlike 
way. (2) Near. Comp. the like use of " haad; " in both 
senses. PronooQced, gahjn. Cojnp. Ice), gegn, ready, ser- 
viceable (Et. Diet.). 

GALLUS, adj. Applied to boys only ; iminah, misohievoos. 
" 'Taint aa the lad's wicked, nor yet spitefol, bat 'e's desp'rut 
gallu*." "Gallows" (n.) applied to Capid, Love's I^boiii 
Lost, T. 2, 

0.\LLUSN£SS, n. ImpishnMs, love of mischief. 

GAUBBIL, n. A carved and notched pieoe of wood for hanging 
np and extending carcases. 

GAME, c. Toma^efon. A.S. 9<im«n, a,game,BpoTt (EkDict.). 

GAlfMET, n. Fun, sport, a whimsical trick. 

GAMPU3, n. Hinder part of traces need is field wtn^. 

G.\NGBIL, n. A Unky, ungainly creatore, whether man or 

GAPPING-QUICE, n. Strang thorns planted to fill np a gap 

in a hed^. 
GABMENT, n. A chemise. 
GAUN, n. A wooden vessel; properly, a gallon. 
OAWBY. n. Pron. of gaby : a silly, foolish parson. loel. gapi, 

a rash, reckless man (Et. Diet.). 
OAWM, V. To paw, to poll about with the hands. "Dont 

yon be t-gawmin.' o' the fittle with yer mawlers." 
GAY, V. To swing or see-saw. 
GENDER, n. The spawn of fivgs and of eeU. Pronounced, 

jnnder. 
GET. p. Of a clock orwatch, to gain. 
GET-BEYOND, v. To make out, to master, to get to the 

bottam of. Also lo recover front, as an iUneos. 
GIDDLING, adj. AppUed to girls only, thooghtlem, flighty. 
GILLBENTS, n. Stems of eoarse grass (G hard). 
GIBD, orGDRD, n. Aspaam. " By fits and ytr<i»." 
GL.iT, n. A gap in a hedge. 
GLUU, n. Pron. of gleam ; "hot gluma" ara spoken of in 

close, thnnderv weather. 
GLUTCH, B, To swallow with effort. Comp. " ^ut " in sam* 

sense. Tempest, i. I. 
GO-BACK, B. To grow worse, or lose ground, as crops, or a 

sick person. 
GOLDEN-CSAIN, a. Laburnum. 
GONE-DEAD. piir(- Dead, as a plant or tree. 
GOOD-SORTED, ad>. Of good son. " Oood-torUd pigi." 
OOCT, n. A watercourse hriilged to mike a ro^way. M.E. 

fOt«, a water- ohacnel ; closely allied to gtil or fi*it9, the 

mtastinal caaal. Not coanxted with guitar, which i> ot 

Lat. origin t^t. Diet.). 



, or GRAFFING.TOOL, n. A long and narrow epiide 
a draining. A.S. grafan, to dig <£t. Diet.). 

BRANCH, V. To grind the teeth. 

PBASS-NAIL, n. A linked hook for bracing the flcjthe to the 

GREAT, adj. Friendly, intimate. " Hia liufB wore alius great 

with oum, when the; was yoiin^Btera together." 
ORET, Work by the, ii. Pieoe-work. By the great or groM ? 
GREWED, adj. Of milk, Ac, stuck to the pan in boiliu({. Not 






^^■^ into 

^■pAVl 



GBtNDLESTONE, n. A grindsiono. 

GRIP, n. A field gatter. 

GULL, n, A gosling. 

GDLLOCS, II. To swallow. Comp. gullet, and Lat. i 

(Et. Diet.). 
GUBGEONS, n. Sharps; wheat-meal at the stage between 

floor &nd bran. 
HACK, or HACK-RAKE, ti. See Eake-tnrn. 
HACKLE, )i. (1) A oonic&l and movable thatoh, for bee-hives. 

(2) Tliree reaps of bean!< set up in the field, v. To shelter 

sheaves from wet by spreading an inverted one on tlie top 

of the othera. 
HAGGLE, w. (1) A mUd dispute. (2) The process of bargain- 
ing : higgle, a weakened form. 
HAIRS, rt. Hair-cloths used in the cider-press. 
HALF-BAPTIZE, v. To baptize privately. See Christen. 
HALLIEB, or X.LLIER, n. One who draws coal, timber, 

bricks, &c. 
HANDFUL, n. A person difficnlt to manage. "Our'Liia'a 

wonderful took up uv that chap o* hern, but if they gets 

married he'll be a, handful, I reckon." 
HAND-STICK, n. The handle of a dail. 
HAPPEN, adv. Perhaps. 
HABCELET, n. The liver, lights, and heart of a pig made 

into a dish. Formerly spelt kaitelet, hattlet, hattcl; of Fr. 

origin (Skeat). 

■ ■ -.DISTROW, ». A shrew-mouse. 
lVEBDEPAZE, adj. In doubt, mentally oo the balance. 

Corruption of avoirdupois. 
HAYN-UP. V. Applied to grass land, to shut it up for hay. 
HAY-EIFF, n. Gooae-graaa. 
HAY-TBUSSEB, ». Ojie who cuts hay out of a rick and makes 

it np into truasea. (Between twenty and thirty men in Uplun 
re thus employed. The weight of a truss ia CO lb.) 
Y-WABD, n. An offlcar in charge of cattle and fences on 

eommon land. Nares (1622) speaks of the word as disused ; 

but the term and the ofUce have been in uae at Upton within 

the last five years. Der. A.S. hecg, hedge (uomiccted with 

haga, whence haw, haw-haw, haw-finuh, haw-lLorn), and 

A. 8. weard, a guard (Et. Diet.). 
HEAD-ST-ALL, n. A stout sort of bridle for fastening a horse 



o the n 



nger. 



A stile that may be lifted from between fixed 



18 UPTON WORDS AND PHRASES. 

HEDGE-BETTT, n. A hedge-eparrow. 

HEDGE-BILL, n. A long-handled hooked blade for ontiing 

hedges, muoh stronger than a brush-hook. 
HEEL, n. The top orost of a loal Uncommon. 
HEFT, n. Weight. In sense of heaving, Wint Tale, ii. 1, 

" with violent hefts," v. To weigh. 
HELE, V, To cover np, as seed, potatoes, &c. Often pronounced 

yeal, or yiU. A.S. helanf to cover. Comp. Lat. cela/re and 

eeUa (Skeat). 
HELL-BAKE, n. A large rake drawn along to collect outlying 

wisps of hay. Der. ell, or heel (?). 
HIGH-MINDED, adj. At a comparatively high mental leveL 

" 'E was that *igh-minded as I couldnt understand 'is ser- 
mons no more nor nothin*." 
HIL E, V. To push with the horn. 
HILT, n. A young sow for breeding. 
HIBING-MONET, n. The shilling given at a mop to engage 

a servant. 
HIT, n. A crop. " A good hU o* fruit." IceL hiUa, to hit 

upon, meet with (Et. Diet). 
HOB, ft. A tlurd swarm of bees from one hive. 
HOBBEDY'S-LANTEBN, n. Will-o*-the wisp. 
HOG, V. To out hair short, as a horse's mane. " Provincial 

English'* ; probably der. hag* Sootoh weakened form of hack 

(Et. Diet.). 
HOLLOW-WAY, n. A road between high banks. 
HONESTY, n. (ClemaHs Malba) ; not, as in most parts of 

En|^and, Lunaria biennit. Traveller*s joy. 
HOOP, or Cock-hoop, ft. A bullfinch. Nope, in Dra3rton'8 

Polyolb. xiiL (Nares). 
HOOP- DRIFT, n. A coopers tool for tightening the hoope on 

a barreL 
HOOT, V. To cry out. 
HOOVE,©. (HalL) To hoe. 
HORSE-STINGEB, n. A dragon-fly. 
HOWEVEB, adv. In short, in any case ; generally placed at 

the end of a sentence. 
HUD, n. (HaU.) Husk, case (hood ?). 
HULL, V. To shell, as peas. 
H U MBUG, ft. A kind of sweetmeat. 
HUMBUZ, II. A cockchafer. 

HUMOUBSOME, <ub*. Full of humours, whimsieaL 
HUMP, r. To grumble. 
HUNDRED, fi. (I) Long, by machine wei^rht, 1121b.; by 

count, six soore= lia (3) Short, by steelyard weight, 100 lb. ; 

by count, one hundred. JS.^., a hundred of asparagus, of 

oranges, of wahiuts, «kc., would be 126 ^see Soore) ; a hundred 

of herrings, 100. 
HURDLE-BUMPER, ii. A sheep*s head. 
HURRISH, r. To dri>*e catUe. 
ILL-CONVENIEXT, a^f. l^om. of inconvenient 
INCH-MEAL, aJr. Inch by inch. See Limmel. 
INCH-TREE, M. Proii. of hmg^tree, the upnght side of a gate 

to which the hinges are attached. 



II) 

iNONS, n. Pron. of oniona. Anglo-French oynon (Et. Diet.), 

INSENtiB, ». To inform, or make to nnderHtand. 

ITEM,™. {HalL) A hint or iiitimiition. " I wluBtled to Jim 

io give 'im an item m Ibe gaffer were R-oomin'." 
JACK-UP, V. To diBmiaa, oashier; also to leeign employment, 

to break off work. In the last Bense nsed in America. 
JACK.SQUEALER. n. A ewifc 
JESSUP, V. aymp, juice. Unuommou. 
JDSTICING, pari. Going before the magiatrates. 
JUSTLY, adv. Eiaotly. '• I oo]jli<i'ij until/ bbj." 
KAT'OLD, adj. Pron. of keyhold; applied to bouse property 

with no legal owner, and claimed by the occupier. 
KEAOH, inUrj. Hallo I Used in calling to a dog, or m 

entreasing woDder or tacreduUty. Probably abbrevintion of 

" look here.'' Pronounood a« e, monosyllable, with Btress ou 

the first two letters. 
KECKLE, t>. To cough or choke. Comp. chuckle, and cackle. 
EEECH, n. A thick Uyer, as of hay. (Limip, or moss in 1 

Hen. rV. ii. 4, and Hen. VIII. i, 1.) 
EEBN, o. To sharpen, as a knife. 
EEFFEL, n. Term of reproaah or disparagement for a horse. 

Ctffyl is Welsh for horse. Comp. Lat. cabaUita, and French, 

Spouish, Italian, and Iriiih eqiiivalenta. 
KELL, ft. Tlie caul of an animal. 
EEIjP, or KILLUP, v. ■ To yelp as a dog does; to worry by 

taking. Comp. A.S. gUpan, to talk noisily {Et. Diet.). 
KERNEL, n. A gland swollen hard. Formed from A.ii, com, 

gruR(Et. Diet.). 
KETCH, n. A two-masted vessel, formerly used on SeTem. 

Der. Tutkish quaiq, 
KIBBLE, V. to split, crush, or coarsely grind, as oats, bouia, or 

Lidian oorn ; n. Ipla.) lumps of coed about the aize of swan's 






KID, n. A faggot, v. To moke ii 
ND, adj. Apphed to plants, t 
good as their kind is capable of being. 
"Thftf ■- . . . .- --.-- ..-. . 



faggots. 

IS, roots, Ac. ; natural, as 
their kind is capable of being. Comp. genus, geniaL 
There's a small fyaoa opples, but they don't look kind." 
Ant. and Cleop. t. '2, " The worm will do hia kind." act 
kocording to his aature. " Eindleea," Ham. ii. 2, unnatural 
[Nares). A.S, cynde, natural (Et. Diet.). 
KINDLE, V. Of rabbits, to brmg forth young. Aa Tou Lite It, 

iii. 2. Der. A.S. cynde, originally, bom. 
EIPE, n. A basket of circular form, wider at top than at 

bottom; it should properly hold two pecks and a hiJf. 
KIPE-FOL, n. The emalleat measare in sulUng coal. 
KMOIiL, V. To toll, OS a bell. Comp. knell ; Macb. v. 7, " Hie 

kneU ia knolUd " (Naren). 
KNUBBLINGS, ». (HaU.\ Lamps hand-picked ont of best 

eoal, weighing about from 6 lb. Co 10 lb. 
■KTANDEE, interj. Look yonder I 
L&SE-OAUN, n. A veaael attached to H stick, for ladling out 

AMP, V. To beat soundly. " A lamming," Beaum. and 
Flet^,, King aud No King. Icel. lanut, to bruise. Comp, lame. 



30 



LAP. p. T* wrap. 

LA2E. B. LuLocw. 

I.E.JF. n. A metnbrwie in \ n^ from wbicb tlie lard b obOmcd. 

LEAKN. w. To toKb. I-ailiii (Pnfef-book) nv. 4, 8 ; A.S. 

lar»a >'Et THa.). 
LEATHERES-BAT, a. A b«L 

■LEcnOSS, ». Ukefihoad. efauwe. "Ko 'lecKoMof tmhjn." 
LEEZE. V. To itleAii. A.S. iam (SkiMt). 
LEW-WABM. (uff. Lak«mRii, tepid. Lrm hy itadf ned in 

Mine SCUM br Widif. B«t. iii. Ifi. 
LIE-IN. ». To cost. "-Tmlt U« jmi m m mattoc of Un 



UP, isilv. iVoK. of ^t£, wiDmgl;. 

LIOHT-OP, v. To meet with. ' Ij^gai-oa," 0«n. xxriiL 11 ; 

2 Kinp I. L5. 
LIMS, n. £tliptieal exiveaeiaa ^iplied oolj to ■ bqj; k Mi9»- 

grace. 
LIMMEL,<Kfe. Pro*, of limb-Bwal, limb from limb. A.S.aMEl, 

* portion {Eu Diet.). 
LISSOU, adj. Supple, pliuit, MtiTe;=EtlMsoiiM (EL Dim.). 
LISTY, adj. Applied to brewl wItentieftTy and streAked, oviiig 

to cmder-bakiLii; ; A.S. lUl, > attqie or border (£l Diet.). 
LIVEBY, adj. Applied to ecvl that is moist uid teoecioas, and 

lungs to the cpKoe. 
LODE, n. A ferrf , or ford ; A.S. lad, a oooncL Comp. lead, 

V. iSkeU). 
LOOSE, f>. (1) To walk alone, u an infitnt OQ To kl go. 
LOP, n. Severed branches. 
LOVERING, jiarJ. Uaking love. coDrtini;. 
LUMBERSOME, adj. Hea?T. awkward to more. 
LUMPUS, adv. In a lump, heavfly (applied to a tH). "'E 

come down lumpat." 
LUNGEOUS, (uij. Impetooos, violent ; Tf*Aj to strike, lidc, Aa. 
LUNY, adj. Mentollir soft Comp. lonatic. 
LUSH, V. To beat down with gieea boughs, as wasps. Cotnp. 

laah. 
LY'E. n. Water in which wood atthes have been steeped. 
MADAU, It. A title of respect n^d ironisall; by itselA bat 

hon'i fiiU when prefixed to a Bomame. 
MAOGET, n. A magpie. 

UAGGOTY. adj. Of a duld, fractious, iU-hnmonred. 
MABKET-PEERT, adj. Etciled by liqnor. This savonra of 

the drinking otutoms which beset marketing and dealing. 
HARTIN-AYEER, r. A heifer natnrallv incapable of breeding, 

as is the caeewitha female twin calf wben the other is a male. 
MASLIN, adj. Composed of mixed materials. AiruMlinkattle 

is made of zinc and copper. Becoming scarce. Der. mUrore ! 
MASONTEB, n. A mason. 
MAWKIN. or MALEIM. n. (1) A scare-crow (female) figore. 

Comp. " malkin," CoiioL ii. 1, and Per. P. of Tyre, iv. 4. (2) 

Bee Scovin. 
MAWLERS. n. Hands. 
MA^'UBLIKG, adj. Wimderiug in mind and s^eisoli. 



Dl'TOH WORDS AND PBBABES. '21 

HAWMET, ». An effig? or scare-crow. 'Wiolif calls on idol a 
mavfmei, Aote tIL 41, xv. 20; Bom. ii. 22; &c. Der., on 

luFut principle, from the ioonoolaatio Mohomet ? " MEunmet," 

for doll, Rom. and Jul, iii. 6, and 1 Hen. IV, iv. 8. 
MAXUM, n. Same as Morum. 
MAYFISH, ». A fish eaid to be found oaly in the Severn, 

tunongat English rivers, oaA in the Mediterranean Sea ; also 

called Twayt. 
MEATY, adj. Of store ftnimalH, rather flpBhy than fat, 
MEECHING, adj. Melancholy, complaujing. Used in New 

England. 
MELCH - HEARTED, a^j. Gentle, diffident, poor-spirited. 

Comp. " milk-livered," K. Lear, iv. 2. 
MESS, n. Applied contemptnoaslj to anything unsatisfactory 

or insignificant. " 'Tis but a poor little mesa of a place." 
MESSENOEB, n. A Hmall detached oloud {cumulua) boating 

low, and supposed lo betoken raiu. Sometimes called a 

MESS-OVER, V. To make much of, to spoil, as a child. 
MLDDLE-BOND, «. The strip of leather, or, by preference, large 

eel-skin, which forms part of the caplin, and connects the nile 

with the hand-stick of a flail. 
MIDDLraO, adj. (HaU.) Not in good health. 
MlPF.w. A falling ont. "We 'ad a bit of a miff." 
MIGHTY, adv. Very. Comp. Lat. valide, valde. See Desperate. 
UILE, V. Pron. of moil, to make dirty (so bUe for boil, quine 

for qnoin, fto.) " Bomoil,'' Tam o' Shanter, iv. 1. 
MILLARD, n. Miller (mill-ward). 
HIMP, ti. To make a pretence, tc 

mnmper, a beggar (Skeat). 
MINTY, a4j. Full of cheese-mites. 
MISCALL. V. To epeak nnkindly to. 
MISHTEEFUL, adj. MisehieTona. 
MISKIN. n. Same ae misen, a dung-heap. A.S. tnUcan, to 

mix I'Et. Diet.). 
MISS, n. Want. "Tom's lost hia place ; and Vll find of it 

oJbre winter, and feel the mwa o' good fittle." 
MISSUS, n. A man's wife. 
MI8W0BD, n. An nnkind word. " We was follow-eervants 

nigh upon two year, 'er and me, and never 'ad a mUword." 
MIX-OUT, V. To clean out. as a cowhouse. 
MOGGY, n. Vocative and pet name for a calf. 
UOITHEBED. adj. Harassed, dazed, bothered. 
MOLLY, V. To do woman's work indoors, being a man. " 'E 

were a good nn to molly for 'isself, were old Joe." 
MOMMOCK, V. To cut in pieces, to out to waste, as food : 

Coriol. L 3. 
MOON, n. An ox-eye daisy. 
MOP, n. A Etatut« fair, for hiring servants. 
MORUM. n. A vagary, a freak, an antic, a whimsical peculiarity 

alao a method, or nostrom. 
MOSE, V. To emonlder, as green wood on fire. 
MOSEY, or MAWSEY (Hall.), adj. Gone soft and woolly, as 



sham. Probably all. lo 



22 



MOTTY, n. A mark to throw at. 

MOUCH, V. TopilfareBtablas; toprowlinBeajcliorBpoil. Atl. 

to miob, to tkuik (Skeat). 
MUCKSHUT, 71. The time juEt before dark, twilight, Mitk- 

Bhade ? hut co7np. " cock-&hut time," Bio. III. v. 3 ; and see 

Shut for shoot ; according to the latter analog?, the veil of 

darkaesB is shot, or flung, over the earth. 
MUDGIN, n. The fal oa the chitterlings of a pig, colled 

miigeTom ia the north (Skeat). 
ifCG, V. To enlist a man by drink for towiag a boat. Dying 

MULLEN, n. The bridle of a cart-horfie. 

MULLOCK, n. A ineBa. a litter, 

MUMKUFFIM, K. (Hall.) The long-tailed titmonse. 

MUNGEB, V. To mutter, to grumble ly soft). 

MUSE, n. An opening in a fenoe through which a hare pasBei 

(pronounced, muce). "Them Welshmen (Welsh sheep) M 

go through a rabbit run or a bar* muce." " Mnsit " in same 

ftenee, Venus and Adon. (Mores). 
MUST, or MAST. i>. The cake of apples preased for cider, afUir 

it has been wrong through the hairs. 
NABBLE, V. To pnaw. Comp. nibble. 
NAO, n. To worry with reproaches, " Provincial ; bat a gooil 

word. From Swedish mtrjga, to nibble, peek. A doablet of 

gnatii." (Bt. Diet.). 
NAOER, V. To work hard. Dcr. nigger. 
NAIL-PASSER, «. A gimlet. 
N.\LLS, n. Belongings, goods and chattels. 
NATIF, n. Native place. 
NAY-WORD, n. Aoy-word; a name of ridicule or reproaofa. 

Twelfth Night, ii. 3 "(Nures). 
NEIQHBOUR, v. To viait about and gossip. " I never wu 

one for iicighhouriH' ." 
NESE. oifj. Delicate, tender : used by Chaacoi (Nores), 
NIBS, n. The handles which stand out from the scathe-mead. 
NICKEB, n. To snigger. A.8. hnagan, to neigh. 
NiFLE,t>. To idle or "loaf." n. A fit of idleness. "You're 

bin on the niffe," or " on the nijling pin." 
NlLD. and NIDDLE, n. A needle. A.S. mcJl. Nild dying 

NILE, n. The upper part of a flail, that which beats the oorn. 
The " Shropshire Word-book " makes the nile the some an 
the caplin, and for the meaning of the former, according to 
Upton Dee, gives " swipple." Hall, gives " swinge! " as 
'■ Var. Dial.," but gives " nile," in the Upton sense, as " Salop " 

NIP, V. To move quickly. " I nips athirt the gronud and 
gives "im the moetin'." 

NIPPLED. adj. (of a knife, scythe, *c.) Notched. C7emp.nib 
and neb, in the souse of point or projection. 

NISGAL, n. The analleat pig in a iittw, 

NITHEB, n. (Hall.) A grimace, also a shiver. "Allnva 
nither." v. To grin as a dog, to grimace ; lo shiver with 

NOBBY. 71. Vocative oad pet name for a colt. 



ft 



•IS 



NOBATION, n. Busj'body'H talk. DiGtoTted use of oratJoa. 
NOBE-ELEED, «. A bleediDg at the uobp. 
H UKCHION, n. LaiicLeoo (no etjmological connection) ; pro- 
perly, none-iehencke, i.e, noon-drink, A.8. tcaitran, to pour 

out (Bkeat) ; comj». " nnder-akiiiker," 1 Hen. IV. ii. 4, and 

" ikink," B. JoUE., New Inn, i. 8. 
'14UBDY,n. Ueed asDisgal; a nnftU, aniiealthy oxeatora; a 

wesklinfc. In lorkabire, a wreckling. 
NUBEA-OKE. n. Nevfr-a-one. nobody. 
OATH. u. To Bwear. " I'Jl oath it." 
OEBLY-ONKEBS, n. The game of "conqner-nnt," played 

witli strung horse- eh estnuta. Olbty was probably nobbly or 

knobbly, expreEBing the appearance of the Btrinft of nntB, a&d 

onkm «aa probably invented as a rhyme to " conqnere." The 

doggerel attached to the game here ia — 

"'Obbly, obbh/, f,nlcer», my first conquers; 
'Obbly, ohbty, 0, my firat go ! " 

Mre. Chamberlain, who Bpells the word differently, adds — 

" Hobley, hobley ack. my first crack." 

OCKERD, adj. Fron. of awkward ; contrary, when applied lo 

weather or temper. Formerly an adverb; M.E. awi, at'k, 

contrary : ward, a Guffii, as in forward, backward, &«. (Et. 

Diet.). 
ODDMENTS. >r, Odda and ends. 
ODDS, n, A difference. " There's an odd* in childern." v. 

To balance, as an account, or to niter. 
OFFLING, adj. Of no aocouat, refuse. Der. offaL 
OLD, ajj, {I) Cunning, especially as applied to children. (2) 

Displeased, angry. " He looked very old at me,'' 
OLD-MAID, n. A horse-fly ; in Yorkshire celled a cleg. 
OLDHESB, n. Ctmning, especially of children, 
ORDAIN, V. To make right, or set to rights; vaguely apphed 

to many ways of doing so. 
OBL, n. The alder tree. 

OTHEREN, adj. Other. " Every oWicren day." 
OTTOMY, or NOTTOMY, to. A very thin perron, Dtr. atom. 

or anatomy ! (1) As Yon Like It, iii, 2, and 2 Hen. IV. v. 4 ; 

(2) K. John, iii, 4. 
OULESS, or 0LES8, adj. Neglectful, unwilling lo take tron- 

ble. " 'Er don't sim lotake no deUght in 'er work ; "er's got 

reg'lar ouleet." 
OUT-ASKED, part. Said of a couple whope marriage-Uanns 

have been asked in church three times. " They was ovt-a^ked 

Snnday was a fortnight." 
OTJTBIDE, n. The district of a commercial traveller. 
OVER, V, To repeat again and again, 
OVEE-GET, V. To get over, as trouble or sicknoBs. 
OWNER, TO. One who owns a boat, barge, or trow. Used as a 

vocative and oa a prefix. " Do you know what's the matter 

with Owner Smith ? " " Well, sir, I did hear as tlie doctor 

should say ss it were purity (pleuriEy)." 
OX-PCDDINGS, n. Pron. of hog't-pnddinpe ; a large ecrt of 

sunsages, mode Iroia the leaf of a pig, chopped up and stun ed 

with outlins, rice, rosemary, sage, leek, organy, and t\-ke. 



24 



Innovators odd sngar and currantB. SometimoB oolonred with 

PANTLE, V. To pant. 

PASS-OUT, V. Of the passing bell, to toll ttrans. and intr.). 

" Send Jack up to pass-out tiie bell." " The bell's just pueed 

out for nnld Kester." 
PAYMASTER, n. An employer of lab onr, a payer of wages. 
PEASIFOUSE, >i. PeoB and beans grown togetiier as a crop. 

Lat. piea, a pea, and pult, pottage made of peas, poise, Ac. 

(Et. Diet.). 
PECK, ?!, A point (peak) : " Tbe peck of the shou'der." See 

Pick. V. To fall forward (pitch). 
PECK-ED, part, (two syllables). Pointed (peaked). A boat is 

peck-cd at both ends, and a trow is round at both ends. 
PECE-SHAFT, n. The handle of a pick-axe. Peak, peck, pika. 

atid pick have a Celtic origin. HbaSt ie A.S. teeaft. Comp. 

shave, and shape (Et. Diet), 
PEEBK, n, (aiiig. and plii.) A peroh, or perches, is land 



PEEBT, adj. Lively, in good spiritB. 

spirit of youth." Mide. Night's Dr. i 

America. 

PEERTEN-UP, It. To become lively. 
PERISHED, part. Dead, or half-dead, from colder decay. 
PHLEEM, m. Pron. of phlegm. 
PICK, or PECK, n. (1) Apick-aie; M,E. piioit. or pik/ys : 

not an aie at all (Et. Diet.). (2) A pointed hanuner for 

breaking coal. 
PIE-FINCH, n. A chaffinch. 

PIQ-MEAT, n. Meat which is not bacon from n bacon-pig. 
PIGS-COT. n. A pig-sty. A.S. cote and q/te. a. don {Et. 

Diet.). 
PIGS-FRT, n. The liver, lights, he&rt, mudgin. Ao., of a pig 

Bold for frying. 
PILCH, V. (1) To poke with the horn. (2) To pilfer. 
PIN, n. A fit, an inclination, a mood. Sea Nifle. 
PIP, n. The blossom of the cowslip, if. To poll the bloeeom 

out for making wine. 
PISHTT, n. Vocative and pet name for a dog. 
PITCH-POLL, adv. Head over heels, v. {I) To hira head 

over b^ela. {2) To sell an article for double the price it cost. 
PIT-HOLE, n. A grave. 
PLACK, or PLECK, n. A plot of ground. 
PLANTS, n. Young brocoli, borecole, bruBsels-sproDtB, *e. 
PLATCHER. n. Pron. of pleaeher, or plosher ; a stem in a 

hedge half cut through and bent down. " The pleoolied 

bower," Much Ado, iii 1. Comp. pliut ; der. pUctere (Et. 

PLIM, V. To Bwellj or be plumped out. as bacon iu boiling. 
PLIM-BOB. n. A plnnimet. 

PLUNGE. n. A fallmg into, or going under, tronble or sicknoBS. 
PLUNT, B. A cudgel. Slroncer form of plant ? 
POKE, or POUK, n. A inistule (pock), cspeciJly a sty in the 
pje. A.S, 2>oe. a pnstnle (Et. Diet.). 



25 



POLE-BDia, n. The ring which tasiena the hend nf the BOjlbe- 

blftde to the snead. 
POLT, V. To beat down, as fruit ; to thnnip. n, A blow. 
POMP, 1). To pamper or feed up ; spoiled ohildran are sfud to 

be pomped-up ; alxo horaes and other animala for sale. 
POOKFOIST, n. A kind of fungus, a puff-ball. ■■ Puck " is 

probably the first ayUable (Skeat). 
PORKET, ti. A young pig for sinoll pork. 
POT, n, A locivl meaauro oonlaining from 4i to G pecks. Of 

potatoes, ploms, and pears the weight is 84 lb. ; of plnnu 

and onions 72 lb. : of gooseberries 03 lb. See Side (3). 
POT-FRUIT, n. Eating fruit, as distinguished from that made 

into cider or perry. 
POT-HAMPEBN. n. A hamper contnining a pot. 
PBAWL, or PROLL, v. To do needlework in a rongh and 

clnmsy way. The word ia dying out. 
PRICHELL. «. To goad or prick. 

PBIMMYEOSE, n, Pron. of prijuroBe. " Primerole." Chancer 
' C. T. 8,268 (Et. Diet.). 

PROMP, u. To curvet, and show high spirits, as a horse. 
PROMPT, adj. Spirited, ae a horse. 
PUG, n. A quill left in a plucked fowl. " Chookfol o' puga." 

o. To pull, to pluok. 
PURE, adj. Well in health. " I be quite pure." 
PUEQATOBY, n. An a*h-hole nnder the grate. 
PURGY, adj. Cross, surly ; g hard. 
PUSSY-CATS, n. Catkins. 
PUTCHEON, n. A wicker eel-trap, Bmiiller than a wheal j u 

Monounced as in put. 
QUARTER, n. One of the four compartmenU of the bag of a 

QUICE, n. A wood-pigeon. 

QUICK, n. Growing hawthorn. 

QUILT, o. To beat (welt). 

QUILTER. ». A big one, synonym of whopper. " 'Er«'i a 

q^tlfff' of a cowoniBber 1 " " Owner, 'as yon seen QwUter 

White to-dahy ? " 
QUIZ, or QUIZZIT, v. To ask prying qnestiona. Cowp. quest. 
RACE, n. The pluck of a eheep or calf. v. Pron. of rase, to 

Borateh or abrade. 
RAFFAGE, n. A heap of refuse, odds and ends. A fishing not 

gets full of rafagf. German, raffdn, to BDatoh np ; Fr. 

raJUr, to catch or seize fEt. Diet.). 
BAIN-B.A.T, n. A smaU beetle, on the killin g of which rain is 

expected sbortly to ensue- 
RAISE-THE- PLACE, v. To make a dislnrbftnce. " 'E'a an 

onaccountahle Inngeous chnp, 'E were like tn ratjc ths place 

beooB my little wench fetched a lurmit out of "is RTOund." 
RAKETUBN, v. To rake tedded grass into rid^'ea. so M to 

expose the under side to the sun and wind. SotnetimcB Hock, 

or Hack-rake, is need to designate tliia process, n. The ridge 

formed by rake-tnming. 
RAMP, n. An ascent in a wall-coping. 
RANDOM, adj. Headlong. impulBive. 



S8 DPTOK WOftIM AND PHRiaiA. 

BANOLE, e. 'Pron. of rankle, u a vonnd does. 

BASTT, or BAISTT, adj. Bancid, ac baeon trnrty*. 

RAVE, ti. To speak londlj. 

BEAF, w, A ehce-f or bundle of corn, beaiu, Ao. ; A-3. npan, 

BEDIX, R. Used only at maibleii. WL«d a boj has placed his 

maible in a certain position, and afterwardB &nilt that atiolbtr 

poBition would be more advantngeooc, if he can say. " So first 

my redix" before anyone else Eays. " First yonr rrdix." be 

may make tlie cliauge, but not otlienrise. Prob&bly connected 

with Lat. dixi. 
BEEN, n. The last bont of a veering (little need). Comji. rain 

Northern for ridge {Ball.} and rrin, lc«I. foe a etrip of land 

(Skeat). 
BEFtJSE, n. Refusal. " llasler 'Willam promised me the 

first refute o' that bit o" gronsd-" 
RELISH, n. Any sort of condiment; pickle, red-herring, Ae. 
RIBBET, n. Prim, of riTet. 
BICE-MODLD, n. An imaginary implement, reprefented by 

any heav^ weight is a bafi, which a victim, inexperienced in 

hay-makmg, ia sent to borrow, sad has to carry for a loofi 

distance, with strict injoQclions not to drop it. 
BID. V. To clear away, to difpalch ; 8 Hen. VI. v. 5. 
EIDDLINGS, 7». Large pebbles sifted out of gravel; eomp. 

AS. hridian, to sift (El. Diet.). 
RIFF, n. The itch. 
RIFLE, V. To roase or startle. 

'iccupe bad i jon rifle 'im a bit." 
BIO, n. A spraiii, c. To sprain. 

back. 
BIFFING, part, (of frost or cold). 
RIVEL, V. To ahrival or wrinkle. 

Task, ii. 488). 
ROAD, n. Way or method. " 'Er don't know the right rpad 

to dink a habby.'' 
ROBBLE, n. i'ron. of ravel; a tangle, d. To entangle. 
RODNEY, adj. Bontih and idle. " A rodney sort of a chap." 
ROMMELY, adj. (of bacon. 4c.) Greasy. 
RONE, adj. Pron. of rank ; strong, of laxuriant growth. 

A.S. ranc. Btrong, forward (Et. Diet.). 
BOOT, B. Pron. of rut. 

ROPY, a<U. Stringy ; applied to bread and to cider. 
ROWENS, n. Chaff and reftise after threfiing. 
BOX, V. To soften ; hence roxed, applied to finit, means 

decayed. Also applied to phlegm. 
nUBQER. n. A stone for whetting a scythe. 
RUBBLING, pari. Pertaining to rough work. "I don't want 

no more nor a ruihHn' giul for my work." '' I on'y wants 

a ruhblin' place for the wench." 
RUDGEL. or BIDGUL, n. (g soft) (!) a half.gelding. (2) A 

BADE,ti, TowearylsBle?). " Sm^crfof grnel." "& lading joh." 
BAO.n. Flags, mslies, older form of sedge (Skeat). «. Tobe 
weighed down in the middle, as a rope kiosely stretched. 



" The yoongster's got the 
Barely lued except of the 



DPTOS WOKDB * 



27 



.SEATED, adj. RnBh-bottomed. 
SALLY, n, (1) A kind of willow ; conip. Lat. talis:. (2) The 
ilnffy part above the lower end of a ohnroh bell-rope, mainly 
used in chiming. 
SAPT, adj. Qone moUt, soddened, ai meat, poultry. &o. All. 
to Low Qsiman rijjan, to triokle, and to soap rather than to 
»a^ (Sfaeat). 
~" " Make-shift. " 'E made a icambHnff job 



.e two pieces of timber end to end. D<rr. 
earn orjouit (Et. Diot.). 

To Hcramble, Blip about, or scrape the 



SCAMULINO, 

of it." 
SCARF, ft. To unit 

Swedish tkarf, a b 
BOAWT, or SCOTE, v. 

ground with the feet, 
SCORE, n. {11 Twenty-one in gelling plants for (pvwinf;. 

oaenmberB, oHparagua. radishes, jie. ; but mostly nsed as an 

aliquot part of the "longhondred" (see Hundred). (2) The 

core of an apple. 
BCOUT. V. To drive away. All. to shove and shoot, from 

Scandiiiavian origin (Et. Diet.). 
SCOVIN, n. (o as in oven). A cloth, mat, or old Bshing- 

neti attached to a pole and ased for trleanm^ out a bakei's 

oven. Ball, gives " scovei, a baker's manikin." SoinetuuQe 

sourvin. or acu^e. Becominj^ scarce. 
SCRABBLE, or 8CE0BBLE, u. To scramble. 
SCRATCHER, n. A machine for ciJer-makinR. 
SCBATCHINGS, n. {Ball.) Fragments strained out of lard 

in melting, and made into a dish. 
SCRAWL, V. Pron. of crawl. 
SCREENINGS,!.. Fine gravel. 
SCRIBE, I). To mark wood with a poncU or instnunant, as a 

carpenter does. 
SCRIBINO-IRON, n. A too! for marking trees for felling. 
SCBIOQLINO, n. A stunted apple. All. to BCra/;gy (Skeat). 
8CR00DGE, c. To squeeze, to crowd. " I likes them chairs ; 

OS o&n't be icroodged in 'em, like we was in the old church." 
SCROODLE, V. To cower, crouch. 

SCUTCH, n. Couoh-graas {a pronounced as in butcher). 
SEED-LIP, n. A wooden vessel for sowing seed, eliaped for 

earrying on the hip. 
SEEDS, n. Growing clover (pronounced, sids). 
SENNA, n. Prim, of sioow. 
SET, V. To let, as house or land. 
SETTLE, n. A long seat with a high back ; A-S. tetl. Comji. 

Lat. sedile. 
SHAD-SALMON, n. Another name for the shod. Of doubtful 



A gap in a hedge. 



SHARD, or BHORD, . 

SHARPS, n. Same ae 

8HEARH0G, n. A two-vear-old sheep. 

8HEED, u. iVon. ofahed. 

8HEPPICK, OK BHUPPICK, n. Pron. of sheaf-pike, apitchfork. 

SHIP, n. Pron. of ahecp. Henoe in Acts zxvii. dtuiger has 

been experienced of oonfufiing shipwreck with the more 

familiar sheep -nwk. 



BHOWL, n. Pron. of sbovd. "I. Bud tbe owl, with m; spads 

tatd ihMiil" (Death of Cock Itobiii). 
SHBOtlD, IT. Among the natermen the eon is said to throvd, 

or t'roud, when its ntys appear throogh the donds slftntiag 

to tbe horiion, in a fonn rBsembhng the ahroitds of a sbip. It 

is then s&id to be " drawing water," and rain is predicted. 
SHUCK. D. Pron. of ah»kft " Pick the best on 'em, wid then 

ihnek the tree." 
SHYUD, n. Pron. of shed; monoeyDable. 
SHORTY, atU. Angry. 
SHUT, n. (shoot). A east or throw of a fisbiiif>-oet adj. 

Shot, rid (offaa proDouneod, ehet) ; A.S. teevtan, to eboot 

(Et. Diet). 
SIDDEB. adj. Soft, mellow ; apphed to peas that wiU boil wdl 

when old, and to laud which will grow snob peas ; also to 

deca^red wood. Probably alL to seethe |Ske*t). 
SIDE, n. (II A company. '"A Etrong tide at the pea-pieking," 

(3) A measure of checriee or of currants, weif;faiiig 63 lb. 
SKEEL, n. A shallow wooden Teasel for washini; butter in ; ft 

like tmmI, bat larger, and spouted. ns«J in brewing. 
SKIM-DICK, n. Poor cheeee. 
SKIP, m, A ^ullow basket made of oak laUis, with ronnded 

bottom and ends, and an op^ilng at ettfaer eod by way of 



EtAWN, R. PI«.ofilo& 

SUCK, ^j. <s)(«k). Smooth and Ehtny, asof ieeor hair, v.1 

make nuooth and shinv. " SUck yer 'air aton yer got*." 
SLIMBEB. V. To take work eastty. 
SLINKVEAI, *, Tbe flesh of a newly-boim call 
SLITHER, r. To slide. 
SLJTEB, •>. A piece cut oft K. Lear, ir. 2. v. Ham. n 

Comp. ilk«. 
SLOB, 1^ Prom, of slab; tbe ontaide «itt<tf a tne wIwb m 



SLOBBERDT. mdj. Dirty, doppy. "Slobbery,* f^ai I 

Uod. Hm. V. iv. i. 
SLCUUACKIKO, a4f. Slorcoly. Probacy aa • 

WQad" (Skeat). 
S]IABT.a<^'. GoodamQinaT^iM e 

SHITE.*. ABttM.ftktL "BvHjnMteof it." 

SU1JDaE,N> AkM. e.1takM. 

SI1SAD.M. nawnwiiwIato^irihawicyiheblaatiataMg. 

frtmMmeit,mmi. 
SSmSQ, fmt. (af faM er «al^ BitD« dHn. /tO. to 

■MM, Hii^aBd ■Mib(El. Diet). 

SNirVHOCES, n. A &eue m pm 
poultry. 

S^OB.l^ Toeob. 

SHOPE.*. Atbnqi«d^«.TaafeAa.tod^Da^jj 
wft a iB t a hatcM w. •'SDwa il 4o*»." ia., "Sta 
kaBfaaBW" <<i»iiy., - ffrnhi we IbJl.- Hwdaws a. 1« II 
i—lii W Xm«^- Afk. •• m^ a.. Law^ ■ -\ f X 



29 



7. ii. 1; also to snub and anap 
I the head. " Nowl," head, Midg. 



L 1, and n., 2 Hen. 
(Skeat). 

SNOWLBB, n. A blow i 
NitrhfHDr..ii!. 2. 

BOCK, or SOGKAGE, n. The drainage from oattle-shedB, Ao. 
Der. Bonk ; A.S. aiiean, also iiigait, to euck (EC. Diet.). 

SOLID, adj. Grave, Berioue. 

80LLUM, 1). To sulk. " 'Er 'nd sit aoUamin' for an hour 
togather." 

SPALL, V, To splinter, as the under side of a bongh in sawing ; 
n. a splinter. Ffom Teutonic base spald, to splinter lEt.Diot ). 

BPEAR, n. The Hpirelet, or sprout, which, if not cheeked, 
woold appear at one end of the grain when malting bailey ger- 
minates after steeping. See " aokersprit," and " aciospire " 
in Ball. 

BPINE OP THE BACK, «. The spme (which is never men- 
tioned alone). 

BPITTAL, n. A spade. 

aPITTAL-TREE. ». A spade- handle. 

SPOT , u. Of cider, beer, rain, ko., a drop. v. To begin to rain. 
to rain slightly. 

8PRACK. or SPBAOKT, adj. Lively, bright. Sir H. Evans 
prononncBB it sprag, Mer. W. W. iv. 1. 

BFBEADER, n. A stick to keep the traces from the heels of 
cart- horses. 

SQUARE, n. In thatohers' and builders' work a snpsrfioial 
area ten feet square. 

SQUAT, i>. To prevent a wheel from rotUng by blocking it. 

8QUENCH. V. Pron. of quench. " "Tis both aquenckin' and 
feedin', that oatmeal drink." 

BQUIB, n. A squirt, v. To squirt. 

8QDILT, n. A pimple or pustule. 

8TADDLE, n. A rick-stand ; used in Lowell's " Biglow 

BTAGGEEINO.BOB, n, A very young calf slaughtered. 
STALE, 71. The handle of a mop, broom, pttohfork, iui. A.3. 

Utel. ttel (Et. Diet.). 
STAM, n, Pron, of stem. '' That old 'awthorn ilam wants 

stoukin' Qp." 
BTANDY, adj. Wilful, defiant, Iroward (applied to children 

BTANK, n. A dam or stoppage in a stream. Tear-Booka of 

Ed. I. i. 416, ett'iny, a pool ; ii. 431, eiita/i/c. a mill-dam (Et. 

Diet,). Oomp. Lat. stagwim. v. To dam or stop water, 

Oomp. stanch. 
STILCH, or 8TELCH. n, (1) A post in a oow-Uou-e to which 

Dows are tied : a variant of stalk, and all, to stilt (Skeat). (2) 

A breadth across a field whioh a labourer would t^e for 

reaping, k6, 
STIVINQ, part. Close, stifling {Hall.) ; stivel np, almost 

stifled. 
STOCK, V. To strike with a point, as a bird with its beak. 

Oomp. atook-aie, also atoceata (fencing term) and stack (n). 

Twelfth Night, iii. 4. 



bTOCK-EEKLE, w. A woodiiBekec. 

tiTOOK, or STUCK, n. From six to ten sheaves set npright id 

the field, v. To set up in a Btook. 
BTOP-GLAT, n. A atop-gap. 

8T0PLESS, n. ThewoodenliilofabrickoveD(littleaaedDow}. 
STORM, n. A ebower. 
STORM-COCK, n. A miBSel-lhrnBh. 
8T0DL. n. The butt of a tree left in the grouDd (fltool). 
STRIKE, n. A piece of wood for atriking level the uoataats of 

a biuhel measure. 
STUB. n. (1) A prop at the bottom of a post. (2) Same &a StonL 
STOCK, n. The handle of a jag (stalk). 
STUBLY, adj. Starin;;, aa appUed to the ooat of an animal. 
SUBSTANCE, n. A tumour. 
SUITY, at^. Of a sort, level ; used by pig-deatere to eignify an 

even and level lot. 
SCN-BOQ, II. An appoaraooe among oloads, like a small 

&Bj{mGnt of a rainbow, auppoaed to foretell rain. 
SUPPER, V. To give sapper to, as to oow*. 
SWAG, n. Snav, balance. 
SWALE, or SWEAL, v. To singe or bnm. A.8. Minelan. to 

bom. Camp, awelter and aaltrj (Et. Diet,). 
SWABD, n. Rind, as of baoon. A.S, iweard, the akia of 

bacon (Et. Diet.), 
8WARDY, adj. With thick rmd. 
SWELTH. ». Swelling. 
SWILL, V. To cleanse bv floodini;. A child in a aohool, bein^ 

asked what the Almighty did to the world in Naali'a daya, 

graphically rephed, " A swilled un." A.S. eieiiian, to wash. 

Cotiip. Bcullery (Et. Diet.}. 
SWImY, adj. Having a awinuning in (he head. 
SWINGE, -0. Pron. of singe. 

SWjrHEH, n. {Hall.] Perspiration. Comp.l.t.i. wuAar. 
TABBEB, V. To top or drum ; Nahum ii. 7. Cnmp. tabor. 
TACK, ft. (1) Staff, materiala. (2) Keep for cattle. 
TADDY. aAj. Pot-bellied. 
TAGGYFINCH, n. A chaffinch. 
TAIL-WHE.\T, n. The interior portion of a dressing kept for 

home consumption. 
TALE, ». A story of doubtful authority. " Don't you listen to 

what them ehapH aays. Owner; "tia nothin' but tales." 
TALLAT, n. A loA used for hay, &e. 
TANCEL, u. To beat. Dtr, tau ? Comp. Fr. taneer, to ohida 

(Skeat). ' 

TANG,v. To cause a swarm of bees to settle by a claQs^i 

aoandl also, to claim the ownership of it by the samaprooan _ 
TED, 11. To toaa and spread about mown grass in hay-makuig.~ 
TEEM, «. To pour out. 

TEBRT, adj. Bmartini;. A.i5. learl, whence tart, adj. (Skeat). 
TEQ. n. A sheep at a year old. Bay, 16th oentury. spells it 

tagge. 
TEMPEST, 11. A thunderstorm. 
TBBBIPY, II. To astonish, to annoy a 

Deadly and Desperate. 



trouble strangely. Sm J 



THAT, adv. So. " 'E's (tot that fat I must be to kill 'im eooo.'' 

TOBAVE.n. A ewe at ft ysar old. 

THILLEB, n. The shnft-borse in a team. " Filler," Uer. of 

V. ii. 2. Thill ia tbe abaft, closely allied Co daat or thel (used 

in 13dG|, ft plaak(Et. Diet.). 
THINK-ON, s. To remember. 
THBAVE, or THBEAVE, n. [tinj. iind plu.) Twenty-four 

bolcinffsof straiy. loel. threji {BkeaC). Originally, a handful. 
THBIFTY, adj. Thriving, aa a pig. 
THBIPPLES. n. Same as " rtpp1eH,"in Shropshire ; a movable 

attaohmenb of rails to enable a cart or wa^eon to carry loose 

ma terial, as hay or straw. t3ometimaa called " ladder." 
THUNK. n. A thong. 

TICEFOOLS, n. PafE-balU. from their likeness to mushroom?. 
TICE-PBNNY, n. and adj. Catch-penny. 
TIDDLE, V. To make muoh of, to fondle. 
TIDDLING, n. A pet animal 
TIDT, adj. Respectable : also good or well in a vo^ue aensa. 

"A tidyohap. "A tidijlal o'onrrants." "I'm pretty Hig." 
TILTH, ». A freshly turned furrow. 
TIMES, adv. Often, time after time. 
TIND, ti. To kindle, as a candle or lire. Camp, tinder. " Tine " 

(».). Fnary Q. II. si. 21. 
TIS8UCKING. adj. (applied to a cough only). Dry and Laok- 

ing. Corrnptioa of phthisical. 
TITTER, n. A see-saw. Camp. " Titteratone." one ot the 

Clee Hills, called after a roaking-ekme thereon ; also totter. 
TITTY, n. The mother's breast. A.S. tit. 
TOP-AND-TAIL, v. To take off tops and bottoms from 

Uimips, mangold wnrzels, &o., while pulling them up. 
TOP-UP, V. To finish at the top. as a hay-riek. 
TORBIL, n. A creature not good for much ; applied to majikind 

and brutes, 

A cowslip- ball. 



TOSTY-BALL, n. 
TOT. n. A small n; 
TOTTEBDY, adj. 
TOW. ft. A chai 



Pronooacsd, taou. 



Unsteady, infiri 
ir hauling Limbi 

TOWEL, 11. To boat. 

TRAPFIC, n. A track or passage made by rats, rabbits. *c. 
"You'd best lay a trap right in tile traffico' them rots." 

TRAM. orTBAMMING, n. A framework, or a loose arrange- 
ment, of stout parallel rails on short legs, or blocks, for sup- 
porting casks . 

TRAMMEL, n. A large drag-net 

TRAVEL, V. To walk, to have the uae of the feet and legs. 
" This pig hain't to say bad in 'imself, but 'o don't aim to 
travel right." 

TREE, n. A [)lant grown in a pot. 

TRIG, n. A nick, a shallow trench. 

TBIMPLE, V. To tread hmpingly, as one with tendei feet. 

TROW,*» The largest sort of vewel on the Severn, and 

e of "Tim 



82 



raauded at both ends ; carries up to 130 toos weight (ou> u in 

cow|. Cornp. troagh. PerhapB all. to tray (Et. Uict.) 
TK0EL, n. A mason's trowel. Middle English (£t. Diet.) 
THUNK, n. A rough cheat, pierced with holes, sud moored ia 

the water for keeping live fish. 
TUMP, n. A conical heap. 
TDN-DI3H,7i. Afonaef. Meaaure for M. iii.2; A.S. (un/w, 

aburel; Comp. tunnel (EX. Diet.). 
TUP, ». A nun. 

TUBSOCE, n. A toft of ooorBa grass. 
TWAYT, n. Same as May-fish. 
TWIN, n. A donble fruit. 
UNACCOUNTABLE, adv. Uaoommonly, Hnrprisingly ; the 

first syllable is prooonnced, on. 
UNCLE, 91. Familiar vocative in addressing an elder £riend. 

Der. aitunculiu, literally, "little graad&thor." (Et. Diet.) 
UNOAIN, orfj. Unhandy, inoonveniBnt. 
UNKED, adj. Dismal, lonely, dreary. M.E. unhid, from un 

and Md, p. part, of kyllte, to make kiaown (Burns, Hallowe'en, 

Bt. 8) ; literally, not known ; henae strange, solitary, unoom- 

fortable, &c. Another form of uncouth (£t. Diet./ 
UNSUITY, adj. Not of a sort, not matobing. 
UP-CODNTBY, adj. and adv. Applied to North 'WorceBter- 

shire and Staffordshire. 
UP-HILL, adj. and adv. (applied to wind). North or South ; 

see Down -hill. 
UPON-TIMES. <kI«. Now and then. 
UPSET, n, A disturbance. 
URCHIN, n, A hedgehog. 
UTIS, n. AriotODS noise, a din; such as used to accompany 

the eighth day of a festival. 2 Hen. IV. ii. 4. Utaa, old 

Anglo-French form of octaves (Skeal) ; comp. modem Fr. 

;iHi(. 
TALLY, n. The felloe of a wheel ; pronounced as valley. A.S. 

felga (Et. Diet.). 
VAUM, n. Pron. of foam. 
VEERING, n, A certain number of ridges and fnrrowa in 

ploughing. Not much used. Perhaps all. to furrow (ijkeat). 
VENT, n. Demand, use, opportunity of disposal. " No veni 

for apples this year." Comp. old use of vent (Pr. venU^}, 

from vend era (Skeat). 
WAD, orQKASS-WAD.n. A smaD heap or cock. 
WALLUSH, adj. Insipid, cloying, nauseous. WaUh, oommon 

in M.E. Boiling up, as it were, in the stomach ; A.3. wealian, 

to boil (Skeat). 
WARM, V. To beat. 
WARMSHIP, n. Warmth. 
WASHINQS. n. Cider made from a second pressing of the 

cheese with admixture of water. 
WALTER, n. A refuse article of imperfect fabric. 
WASTRIL, n. One who is falUng away in Besh, man or beasi 
WATEli-DO(}, n. Same as Sun-dog. 

WATTYHANDED, adj. Left-handed ; a sounded as in what. 
WAVE-WIND, n. The large wild convolvulus (Septum). 



WAY-LEAVE, n. Penaifleion to nae a way. 

WAZZEN, n. Theweasond or windpipe {a saonded as in wax) ; 

A.S. wiitond (Bt. Diot.J 
WED, part. Weeded. 

WE EP, V, To esude (transitive and intransitive) . 
WELL-ENDED, adj. Well got in, as hay. 
WENCH, n. A girl. 
WENT, part. Gone. "I'd 'a' ivenl myself lE I'd a-known as 

yon wasn't a-going." 
WEBRIT, n. One of an aaiious, fidKetty disposition, v. To 

worry. Counooted with the worrying of a wolf ; A.3. vioarg, 

Bwolf (Et. Diet.). 
WBTHER, n. A male sheep disabled from breeding. 
WHAT-FOR, n. A vagae threat of unpleasant oon^equeaoos, 

" If I lights uv that young limb, I'll let 'im know xoot'/or." 
WHEEL, n. A wioker eel-trap, almost twice the size of a 

WHIMMY, adj. Given to whims. 

WHINNOCK, V. To cry whiaingly as a child ; A.8. hiviitan, 

to whine (Et. Diet). 
WHISKET, n. A gardening basket. 
WHISSDN. BOSSES, n. GueldreB-roaes. 
WIO, n. An oblong bun, made with oarraway seeds instead ot 

ourronts. 
WILQILL, n. An epicene creature ; an animal Chat is of both 

Mies (y soft). 
WINDLE-STBAW, n. Something eaaUy blown aboat ; applied 

to a corn crop that is light. 
WIND-SCARE, ». An object presenting resistance to the 

wind. " Two fut 'U be dip enow for this pwoat ; 'e ain't much 

of a wind-icare," 
WINTER-STUFF, n. Borecole, brussels-spronls. savoys, and 

otlier greens. 
WIRES, R. The mnners of strawberry plants. 
WOLLIES, or WALHES, n. Ridgoa into which hay ie raked 

before carrying it, or putting it into oock4. Oomji. WaiUge 

(Hall.), a loose bundle of anything. 
WONDERMENT, n. Something to stare at or talk about. 
W(5bNT, n. A mole. A.S. luand, found in a Glossary of the 

eighth contnry (Skeat). 
WOBLERS, or WURLER3. n, Qaitera. 
WOZZLE, or WOZZLB, v. To best or trample down and 

twist the stems, as of grass or com. 
WRATCH, n. Pron. of wretch; applied oom passionately. 

" 'E've not 'ad a WJnk o' steep all night, 'e've not, poor 

wraUh." A.S. wrecca, an outcast [Et. Diet.). 
YARB, n. Pron. ofherb. 
YOW.rt. Pron.ofewe; A.3. Mwn (Et. Diet). 
YQX, tr. To beave or cougb. Comp. vex, for hicoongh. 
YCD, n. Pto». ofhead. 



84 



UPTOJJ WOEDS AND PHttiSEH. 



Three other words maj be mentioned which, although no 
longer current, occur in the parish books of the I&st cenlury. 

" Garderailee " is pronotraced by a friend to be an old 
term toT baJuetrades. " Type " he thinks may be a corraptiou 
of tytTipanvm, the Boondin^-bonrd of the pulpit. "Lapperlage" 
repreBente something (the repair of nbicli is charged for) 
between the two " Hams," or large common meadons ; bat no 
satiafaotoi? interpretatloD has been arrived at. 



The following phrasea are cmrent in Upton ;— 
" A good churchman " ^ a clergyman with a good voice. 
" A good man ronnd a baxrel, bnt no cooper " ^= one who is 

fond of drink. 
" An afternoon farmer " ^ a farmer who takes things eaail}r, 

and is always behindhand. 
"Ab black as block," "as wet as wet;" and bo with other 

epithets. " Can be " would csompleto the elliptieal sea- 

" At the edge of nifiht " = josi before dark. 

" By scowl of brow " ^= judging by eye, and not by rtde or 



" In himself (or berself, 4c.) " ^= in hia (or her) general health. 
The distinct existence of the corporeal fgo and its 
eubordmate members is clearly recognised. " How are 
yon to-day, Mary ? " "I be bettor in myself, sir ; bnt my 
poor leg 'ave got that awelth in 'im as I couldn't get 'im 
along to the top o' the town, not if yonwas tii crown mii." 

" Like a hnmble-bee m a chum ; " said of one whose voice is 
not distinctly audible. 

"May Hill" = the month of May ia relation to eonsmnptive 
patients (see Fuller, Wonlues, Berbyshire, i. 252, quoted 
m Davies's " Supplemental EngliBh Gloeaary "). " 'Er Tl 
never over-get Mahy 'ill, I doubt, poor wratoh," 

" Not if yon was to crown me " — not for a kingdom. 

" Shuffling jobs " = irregular work. 

The tops of the potatoes, Isc, "have bad the BOot-bag over 
them " = have been blackened by tha frost. 

To be " off his head " = to be out of liia mind. 

To be " on the mending band " = to be improving. 

To be "up in the boughs " = to be out of temper, or 
haughty. 

To " drop it " on a person = to " give it " him. 

To "get the grant " ^ to obtain permission. 

To " get the ttuTi " = to pass tlie crisis. 

To " get the Bcog of" = to be able to crow over. 

To " give the meeting " = to meet. 

To "have a oow calve" = to be left a legacy. "His last eoio 
haa calved now, I expect." 

To have " dropped his watcb in the bottom of the rick ; " a 
jocular liypotbesis to accotmt for the catting or turning 
of a riok which has become over-heated. 

To "have leaden socks in his boots" ^= to be lazy. 

To " know to a nest," &c. ^^ to know of a nest, £c. 




4 WORDB AND PHRASES. 

To " make a poor out of it " = to obtain small reBidtB. 

To "mend hiB draught" = to take another g 

To "miss every hair of Lis head" = to miBBhim eadly. 

To " pass the time of day " = to wish good monung, or 

evening, &c. 
To "pick up a knife" = to get a fall from tt horse. 
To " play tha bear with " = to damage. 
To " pick up bis orambs " = to Snieh up his work neatly. 
To "put hia spoon into the wall" — to die. 
To "stick np nis stick " ^ to die. 

" Up to dick." or " nick," " the door," " the knocker," or " tha 
nines " ^ in Grst-rate condition ; to perfection ; eomp. 
Lat. ad unguvm. " That nag o' yoiir'n be up to diek, 
master 1 'E were a-prancin' and a-prompin' about, 
pretty nigh ready to HnufT the moon, if you'd let 'im go." 

It is with a pang that some words and phrases have been 
omitted which belong to the Evesham neighbourhood, and 
which had been adopted into family use between diirty and 
forty years ago. 

" Backwarn" is a word of strength and point, andongbt to be 
in general nso, for its meaning is conveyed less tersely and 
forcibly by a periphrasis. An old parish clerk would say, 
" They've a^put off that 'ere funeral, and I must be to baciuiarn 
the parson." * " Dwiny" seems to be "a portmanteaa word," 
and to derive expressive power from its combination of 
" dwindled " and " tiny." " I don*t say bat what 'e might be a 
very nice gen'lemas, but I uiver aced aich a dmny pair o' legs-" 
A "swig-swag" garden-path appeared to wind with a stately 
sweep, which could never be described by the ordinary and 
angular sound of " zig-zag ;" and, when a lad was " measured for 
a warm suit of clothes," the harsher foatores of corporal pimish- 
ment were hnmorously resolved into an expression of bene- 
volence on the one side, and comfort on the other. 

In that neighbourhood there was also a remarkable tendency, 
which is apparent to a less extent about Upton, to decline the 
responsibiuty of a direct assertion, and to guard against the 
possible consequences of making any admission. " Is your 
wife at home to-day, James?" " WeU, sir, I shouldn't think 
but what 'er might be." 

But these reminiscences must not be indulged, lest they 
should run on for ever, and this Appendix prove what an old 
parishioner at OfTenham would have called "a wheel-string 

■ "Unspeak " is nsed in the e 
and others (Daviea's "SnpplemBi 
*Son^ 18S1). 



WEST WORCESTERSHIRE WORDS. 



WEST WORCESTERSHIRE WORDS. 



A GLOSSARY OP 



WEST WOECESTEESHIEE WOEDS 



Bt Mrb. chamberlain. 



WITH GL08SI0 NOTES BT THOUAS HALLAM. 



LONDON: 

PUBLISHED FOE THE ENGLISH DIALECT SOCIETY 

BT TEtJBNEE & CO., LUDGATE HILL. 

1682. 



CONTENTS. 



PREFACE 



CUBES 



• • • ■ • I 



SXTPEESTITIONS 



SIGNS AND OirSTOMS 



PBONUNCIATION ... 



VERBS ... 



• • • • • • 



• • • • • • 



• • • • • • 



• • • • • • 



DICTIONARIES AND GLOSSARIES QUOTED 



GLOSSARY 



ADDENDA 



• • • • • • 



■ • • * ■ • 



• ■ • • • • 



• • • • ■ • 



TkQM 

m • 

VU 

• • • 

VIU 

ix 

Zl 

• • • 

XIU 
XXV 

xxviii 



36 



LOCAL SAYINGS ON THE SEASONS AND WEATHER 



37 



LOCAL PROVERBS ON GENERAL SUBJECTS 



... ... 



39 



WORCESTERSHIRE SONG 



40 



This Glossary ranks as C. 28 in the Original Series. 



T« 



PREFACE. 



This gloaeary of Weat-WorceBtershire words, now published by 
e English Diulect Society, has been compiled with a view to further 
one object of the Society's work, viz. to ascertain in what different 
districts the use of tlio same word prevails. To this I would call 
the attention of critics outside the Society, who are apt to conclude, 
■when they meet in a local glossary with an old word with which 
they are familiar, that the compiler fancied its use was peculiar to 
his own county. 

There is no neeJ to account further for the ration <ritre of the 

work, which records (imperfectly, I fear) some of the words and 

modes of speech of the old Worcestershire folkR, whose dialect, 

Plough interesting and peculiar, has hitherto re'ieived little attention. 

Under tlie teaeliing of certificated masters in government schools 

i dialect is being rapidly modified ; perhaps on tiio whole it is 

mgo it does not disa]>[iDar faster. Young people educated in these 

a will often talk among themselves in brood Worcestershire, 

die they address their pastors, masters, and betters in the nearest 

to Queen'a English to which they have been able to attain. 

There arc many expressions commonly used by the old people, 

Evhich from the mouth of an educated person would be thought 

ppedantic, or to savour of American slang. Daunt (pronounced 

dahnt) is used for dishearten ; a hook or newspaper is p'roused 

(perused) ; a greedy boy is told not to be eovdehous; a baby or a 

geraninm cutting is rared (reared) ; and a woman apologizing for 

intidy room would say, ' I be in a iilight sure-ly, I never see 



VIU PREFACE. 

Bucli a #rm (form) as the things be in.' A sharp boy is said to be 
cute, to have plenty of gumption, and is called a dab at his lessons. 

The unsophisticated nature of the people will best be shown by 
the mention of some of their superstitions and cures, almost all of 
which I have known to be put in practice during the last five years. 

CURES. 

Whooping-cough is prescribed for by a woman who has married 
for her second husband a man whose name is the same as was her 
maiden name. Bread and butter with sugar on it is the favourite 
remedy, but whatever she orders is thought a certain cure. (1878.) 

Whooping-cough is also cured by cutting twenty hairs from the 
nape of the patient's neck ; these are placed between slices of bread 
and butter, and given to the first strange dog that passes the house ; 
the Lord's Prayer is repeated over him, and then he is let go, and 
carries away the disease. (1880.) 

Coughs are cured by holding a frog to the mouth of the patient, 
who must breathe into the mouth of the frog. A woman related how 
she had cured her child in this manner, and added, *It went to my 
heart to hear the poor frog go coughing about the garden.' (1879.) 

Hands or feet *gone to sleep' are cured by spitting on the 
finger and crossing the afflicted member. 

Bleeding of the nose is cured by standing opposite the patient, 
bowing to him, and then squeezing hard the little finger on the side 
of the nostril from which the bleeding comes. 

Bums on the hands are cured by spitting on the place, and rub- 
bing it behind the left ear. This must be performed by the patient 
himself; if he names it to any one the charm will be broken. 

Snake-bites are cured by killing a fowl and placing the warm 
entrails on the poisoned part. 

Warts are cured by the sign of the cross and the repetition of 

Thifl can only be done by one who has the gift of 



PREFACE. IX 

Shingles are cured by the use of ointinent made of grease and 
dust from a church bell. See Dodment. (1880.) 

Sore eyes are cured with rain water caught on Ascension Day. 
(1878.) 

The dernier ressort of the superstitious is * Good Friday bread.' 
This consists of a small piece of dough placed in the oven on Good 
Friday morning, and baked until perfectly hard throughout. It is 
then hung up to the roof ^ and when all other remedies fail, a little 
of it, grated, is given to the patient. If this does not cure him, he 
18 to die, and all further efforts may be abandoned.^ 

Fate is firmly believed in. A woman whose child was burnt for 
the seoond time, through sheer carelessness, brought it to a doctor, 
who blamed her for not taking more precaution. She sobbed out, 
* That 'oodna be o* no sart o' use, ahl the naayghbours says 'e's ham 
to he burnt r (1878.) 

A disease in the hoof of cattle, called *the foul,' is cured by 
cutting a sod on which the foot has pressed, and hanging it up on a 
blackthorn bush. As it dries the foot will heaL (1878.) 

Lameness in a horse caused by a nail is cured by thrusting the 
nail into a piece of bacon. As it rusts the wound will heal. (1879.) 

SUPERSTITIONS. 

It is bad luck to take a few of the first spring flowers into a 
house where the owners keep poultry. It insures a bad year for the 
' guUs.' 

Picking flowers before they are full-blown causes a * pouk ' (sty) 
in the eye. 

It is bad luck to cut a baby's nails before it is twelve months old, 
as it will then grow up ' light-fingered.' If necessary the nails are 
bitten. (1878.) 

It is also bad luck to let a child see its face in the glass till it is 
a year old. 

' Some persons use it as a cure for diarrhoea only. 



it is mdiiekj to hare an j wet uiheB in the lionse in the interval 
betveen Chnfitmas Ere and Twelftli Day; it is also bad hick to 
Inbog in ' atzange fire,' t. e. ligbts cr fuel from another honaey in that 
penod. (167a) 

li is iznlnckf to hare the Xew Year ' kt in* by a woman or giri. 

It is unlucky to have no mistletoe hanging in the house. The 
tomb, baneb is hong on Xew Year's Daj ; a small paeoe of last year's 
boDieh is always kept until then. 

It is nnlneky to plant ^be first potato or any garden crops until 
CkxtdFnday. 

It is tmlncky if the tail of the first lamb yon see is towards you. 

It is nnloeky to remore the dead body of an animal that dies in 
tibe field. 

It is unlucky to haye the poker and tongs on the same side of the 
fizqdaee : the ttimatfta of the room will quaireL 

It is bad for the same reason to sit in a room with three candles 
burning. 

It is unlucky to call a child before baptism by the name you 
mean to give it (1877.) 

It is unlucky to have the bishop's left hand on your head at 
confirmiition. (1878.) 

It is unlucky for a wedding party to be in church while the 
clock is striking. 

It is unlucky to dream of being in church. (1879.) 

It is unlucky to dream of silver or copper ; to dream of gold is 
lucky. (1879.) 

It is unlucky to dream of * setting flowers in the earth ' in com- 
pany with another person. You will be certain to hear ill news of 
thM& the OMt daj. (1878.) 



PREFACE. XI 

CHARMS AGAINST ILLLUOK, ETC. 

If in walking under a ladder you spit, tlie luck will be turned. 

If two persons wash their hands at the same time in one bowl, 
they must spit in the water, or a quarrel will arise between them. 

To avert the ill-luck of knives being crossed on the table, the 
lower one shoxdd be gently withdrawn, while the words 'Blessed 
are the peacemakers ' are said. 

To make bees swarm, kill a toad. 

A spider enclosed in a nutshell, and worn in a bag hung round 
the neck, is a charm against toothache. 

SIONS AND CUSTOMS. 

■ 

If the first snow hangs in the trees, it is a sign that the coming 
year will be a good one for fruit. 

If the sun shines on Candlemas Day sufficiently warm for the 
cat to bask in it, it is a sign that there will be more hard weather. 
(1879.) 

If the wind is in the west at 12 p.m. on Candlemas Day, it will 
be a good year for fruit. 

A white bird is a sign of death. 

'Telling the bees' of a death in the family is thus performed. 
Eap three times on the hive with the front door key, and whisper 
your loss, say of a brother, in these words : 

* Bees, bees, my brother is dead. 
Will you stay and work for me ? * 

' Crying the mare ' was performed not many years since in much 
the same manner as is described by Hartshorns in Salopia Antiqua, 

On New Teai^s Day the children go from house to house, chanting : 

* I wish you a merry Christmas and a happy new year, 
A pocket full of money and a cellar full of beer. 
And a good fat pig to serve you all the year ; 
Please to give me a New Year's gift.* 

Yeal is always eaten on Mid-lent — ^Mothering Sunday. 



Xll PREFACE. 

On May-day branches of silver birch hung with cowslip balls are 
fastened to the side of the doorways ; over the door hang garlands of 
evergreen, tinsel, and paper flowers. 

On first hearing the cuckoo the purse should be turned in the 
pocket, to insure its having money in it all the year round. 

Whatever you are doing when you first hear the cuckoo will be 
your chief occupation during the next twelve months. 

ThCvSe examples will suffice to show how old-fashioned ways, as 
well as old-fashioned words, have survived in this district. 

It only remains to offer my sincere thanks to those friends who 
have sent me contributions, or otherwise assisted me. These are the 
Eevds. Sir F. A. G. Ouseley, Archdeacon Lea, C. Wordsworth, C. 
Allen, T. Ayscough Smith, R Burton, and W. Bayson; R V. 
Wheeler, W. Claxton, and G. W. Grosvenor, Esqs. Valuable con- 
tributions were received from the late John Barber, Esq., of The 
Jewkes, Tenbury ; and the late Joseph Jones, Esq., of Abberley Hall. 

I have also to thank the Honorary Secretary of the E D. S., 
T. Hallam, Esq., and Prof. Skeat, for advice and help in the work 
of com[alation. 

E L. Chamberlain. 

Haglcy, Sept, 1882, 



Xlll 



PRONUNCIATION. 



1. The short A between two consonants, as in nian and plaiikf 
is in some cases pronounced like the o in mop, 

as J man, gotJier, catch, rot. 
for ( man, gather, catcb^ rat. 

2. The long A, as in male, \a sometimes sounded like the Italian 
di, sometimes becomes dissyllabic — ai-u. These sounds are written 
respectively (1) aatj and (2) aiil throughout the Glossary, 

(1) as J aaifl, taay'l, pluai/t 
for ( ale, tale, plate. 

(2) and J plaiiis, maiiid, taiiik, 
for ( place, made, take. 

3. A as a separate unaccented syllable has the sound of u in tigh, 

4. A before a soft n^ has the sound written aai/, 

as ( raaynge, straaynge, daaynger, maaynger, 
for ( range, strange, danger, manger. 

5. Ai and Ay have usually the sound written aay as above, but 
occasionally in words of more than one syllable this is contracted, so 
as to resemble the y in rhyme, 

as j M^y-daay, r'yny, 
for ( May-day, rainy. 

Ill the names of the days of the week ay is shortened, as Sundy, 
Moudy, &c. 



XIV PRONUNCIATION. 

6. An becomes (1) dhy or (2) else has the sound (rather prolonged) 

of A in Ann^ 

as r dahter, dahnt, annt 
for \ daughter, daunt, aunt. 

(3). An in audacious becomes ow, 

7. D (1) following I at the close of a word is often turned into ^, 

as r holty tolt 
for ( hold, told. 

This is generally done in speaking emphatically ; (2) when less 
stress is laid on them these words would be — 

WtZ, toted. 

8. D is added at the end of some monosyllables, aft<er n, 

as / shetcnd, gotcnd. 
fort shewn, gown. 

9. E short, as in netj becomes a in some cases after y, 

for ( yes, yellow. 

10. E in pretty is pronounced as e and not t, as in Standard 
English. 

11. E in me, when unemphatic, has the sound of u in ugh ; this 
is written me throughout the Glossary. 

12. Ea has (1) the sound of a long or ay, 

as ( paysy tay, banes, stale, 
for ( peas, tea, beans, steale. 

Ea (2) in the class of words hear, toear, &c., has the sound of 
aJi = bahr, wahr. 

13. Ee in some monosyllables becomes ? short, 

as ( wik, fit, ship, 
for ( week, feet, sheep. 

14. Ere is pronounced ahr, in such words as where, there, which 
become v^aJir, thahr, 

15. Ey, as in grey, becomes aay, 

as ( thaay, praay, survaayor. 
for I they, prey, surveyor. 



PRONUNCIATION. XV 

16. H at the beginning of syllables is always dropped. It is 
substituted for w before o or oo by emphatic speakers, 

as J hoody hoolj hoainan. 
for ( wood, wool, woman. 

17. I as a separate unaccented syllable, between consonants, is 

turned into a or u, 

as f charaty, merrully, 
for I charity, merrily. 

18. I in a few accented syllables becomes e short, 

as ( set, sperrit, sennew. 
for ( sit, spirit, sinew^ 

19. lo in violent, violet, &a, is transposed, becoming a diphthong 
— voylenf, voylet, 

20. L is mute after o long, or ow, which then take the sound of 
ow in cow, written aow in the Glossary, 

as ( eaowd, taowd, maowd, 
for I cold, told, mould. 

21. H becomes m (1) before b and p, 

as ( Tembury,'^ tempence, 
for \ Tenbury, tenpence. 

(2) in turnip = turmit. 

22. Hg in present participles, verbal nouns, and some other 
words, has the sound of the nasal n only, 

as r wcdMrCy running ^untirC, nothirC. 
for \ walking, running, hunting, nothing. 

23. H is also substituted of tz^ in length and strength ^ tenth, 
gtrenth. 

24. short before r becomes a shorty 

as r cam, arder, mamin\ 
for ( com, order, morning. 

* It is remarkable, however, that Tembury accidentally comes nearer to 
the original form of the name, since Tenbury is Teme-hury^ the town on 
the Teme. 



XVi PRONUNCIATION. 

25. long in words or syllables with a sUent e following, or in 
open syllables, becomes diphthongal, 

as J stoiin, lotinsome, pouny, 
for ( stone, lonesome, pony. 

26. Oa (1) becomes diphthongal, « 

as { coat, road, foal. 
for ( coat, road, foaL 

(2) in oats = wuU, 

(3) becomes t)( in a final unaccented syllable, as petticut for 

petticoat. 

27. Oi has the sound of i only, 

as ( p*intf fine, Vile, 
for ( point, join, boiL 

28. Oo becomes u before a final k or t, 

as jfuty shuck, hruck. 
for ( foot) shook, brook. 

29. Ongh is almost always pronounced as in plough, and is 
written aow in the Glossary, 

as J enaoto, thraow, thaow, thaowt. 
for \ enough, through, though, thought. 

N.B. A person who spoke the dialect broadly would infallibly 
say, * I baowt this 'ere coat,' yet if he wished to inform you that it 
was ready made, he would most likely add, * 'Tis a bough ten 'un.' 

30. Ow (1) in the class cow, douni, town, &c. has the same sound 
as in Standard English. 

(2) In the class hlmo, grow, mow, it is pronounced as a diph- 
thong. Such words are written ar/w in the Glossary. 

(3) In a final unaccented syllable oxo is pronounced u, 

as { hanm, hurra, to-morru. 
for ( barrow, burrow, to-morrow. 

31. B is transposed in children, and hundred = childem, 
'underd, 

32. 8 is transposed in ask = uks. 



PRONUNCIATION. XVll 

33. T is converted into ch before a final oua^ uoua^ or ualy 

as { covechoiiSf sptnchuoitSf spirichual, 
fbr ( covetous, spirituous, spiritual 

34. Th becomes t in fifth and sixth = fift, sixt. 

35. Un becomes on at the beginning of a word, 

as J onluckt/f ontidy, 
for ( unlucky, untidy. 

36. U in put is sounded as in but. 

37. W is omitted at the beginning of some words before o, oo, 
or oUy when these letters are pronounced do, 

as j ^OosteVy odd, odd, 
for ( Worcester, wood, would. 

38. Wh has the sound of w only, 

as ( w^erif w^ahr, w^at, 
for ( when, where, what. 

The pronunciation of the following words is to be noted : — 
Breadth, pronounced Brenth. 



Dead, 


» 


Dyud. 


Death, 


» 


Dyuth. 


Gate, 


» 


Yat and gaiiit. 


Gone. 


}» 


Gon. 


Head, 


» 


Yud. 


Home, 


}} 


0am, oaiim, woaiim, and wum. 


Master, 


ij 


Maaster. 


Water, 


>i 


Watter. 



The numbers of the paragraphs agree with those of the glot^sic 
equivalents. 



XIX 



GLOSSIC EQUIVALENTS 

TO THE SOUNDS REFERRED TO OR CONTAINED IN THE 
FOREGOING CHAPTER ON PRONUNCIATION, 

BY THOMAS HALLAM. 

N.B. The numbers I, 2, 3, &c. agree with those of the respective 
paragraphs in the chapter. The Glossic equivalents are given in 
square brackets, 

1. = [o] generally : a few words have the vowel of medial length 
= [:o*] or [:au'], as man^ catty v., &c. See Note I. 

2. (1) = [»a-y]. 

(2) = [:e*u'] or [:ai'u*]. In this class of words containing a 
long with e final, there is considerable diversity of pronunciation. 
See Note II. 

3. = [u']. 

4. = [laa-y]. 

5. (1) = [:aa*y]. Slow speakers might sometimes use [aay]. 
(2) The sound intended by the author is [ahy] or [:ah'y] : 

May-day := [Maby-d:aa'y] ; and rainy = [rahyni*]. 

6. (1) = [aa-]. (2) = [a'-]. (3) = [uw] or [uuw]. 

7. (1) = [t]. (2) = [:aowd] and [t»o:wd]. 

8. = [d]. 

9. = [aa]. 

10. = [ae]. 

11. = [u']. 

12. (1) = [ai-]. (2) = [:aa-] or [aa-]. 

13. (1) = [ee-]. (2) = [i]. 

14. = [laa'r*] or [aaV]. 



GLOSSIC EQUIVALENTS- 

15. = [aa-y]. 

17. = [u*] generally. 

18. = [ae]. 

19. = 1 [oy] or [ahy]. 

20. = [:ao-w]. 

21. = [m]. 

22 and 23. = [n]. 
24. = [:aa'] generally. 
26. = [:ao'w]. 

26. (1) = [»o-w]. (2) = [wuts]. (3) = [u']. 

27. = [:u-y] or [ny]. 

28. = [u]. 

29. = [:ao'w]. 

30. (1) = [:u-w] or [uw]. (2) = [ao'w]. (3) = [u'], 

31. = [chil-duYn], [un'du'r'd]. 

34. = [t]. 

35. = [on]. 

36. = [u]. 

37. 0, 00 and ou = [55] or [:oo']. 

38. = [w]. 



XXI 



ADDITIONAL NOTES ON PRONUNCIATION. 

BY T. HALLAM. 

It is perhaps necessary to note that the vmcehy diphthongsy and 
vtmel diagraphs treated of in these notes aie those in accented 
syllables. 

The examples are all selected from words actually heard and 
recorded by the writer during visits to West Worcestershire, in the 
years 1880, 1881, and 1882. 

I. A in closed syllables : — 

1 = [aa] in the largest section of these words, as and emph,, 
bad, glad, hand, wagon, &c. 

2 = [:aa*] in some cases, as cart, chance, glass, grass, hark, 
man, &c. 

3 = [:a*'] in a few words, — heard the following : Ann, man, 
married, that. 

4 = [:ah'] before r, by old people at Bewdley and Tenbury — 
in cart, farthing, garden, hard, jar, married, parsnips, &c. 

5 = [o] and [:o'] or [:au'] ; see paragraph 1, mp'a, 

II. A — e, as in gate, male, plate, &c. In this class of words there is 
very considerable variety in the pronunciation of a. The prevail- 
ing forms, however, seem to be [ai*] and [:e*u']. 

I give below the pronunciation of most of the words in this 
class which were heard and recorded at various places in West 
Worcestershire. After each word the initials of the places are 

given at which it was recorded, viz. : — 

b fl 



XXU ADDITIONAL NOTES ON PRONUNCIATION. 

A = Abberlej ; B = Bewdley ; D = Droitwich ; E = Elders- 
field; K = Kidderminster; S = Saleway (2 miles S. of 
Droitwich) ; T = Teabury ; and W = Worcester. 
Whenever any word was recorded more than once for any place 
or places, the number of times is given in parentheses after the 
respective initials. 
Sounds, 
[ai-] in : gate [gyai't] T (2) ; lame B (2) T; lane E ; made S ; 
make B ; name AB (2) ST W (3) ; rate B ; same BD ; toke 
AB (2) ST W ; toothache T. 
[:e-u'] iu : ale T ; lame A (2) ET ; name K ; place DT (2) ; 
. plate T ; same T ; take E ; tale T. 
[:ai*u'] in : lame ST ; name T. 
[aiy] in : named W. 
[e-] in : bake T ; take T. 
[:e*] in : age D ; gate [gy:et] W. 
[tee'u*] in : cake T ; gate [giee'u't] T. 
Also : gate = [gyeyt] W (2), [g:ae-tt] E, [gyrae't] T, [gyaett] K, 

and [gyuut] B : and : ale = [yae'l] T. 
Several other forms were given by a woman 82 years of age 
(1882), a native of Tenbury ; but these are probably individualities. 
They are, at any rate, curious : 

aia, aiaa, la, i:a ', laa, i:aa, i:ae', laa, i :ae'J. 
See par. 2, supra. 

III. CI- = [kl] not [tl], in clear, Clee HUls, clock, &c. 

IV. E. = [ae] in closed syllables generally — as eggs, kettle, tell, 
very, wench, &c. 

V. E in be, me, we, when under stress = [ee*] or [:ee*]. 

VI. Ea. — In this diagraph there is great diversity of pronunciation. 
VIL Ea. — 1 = [ee*] or [:ee*] generally — as in green, see, thee, three, 

IBS* 

*' — R] in a few words. See par. 14, supra, 
tot [dl], as in glass, &c. 



ADDITIONAL NOTES ON PRONUNCIATION. XXIU 

IX. I in closed syllables : — 

1 = [i], as in big, bring, finger, in, it, little, six, this, &c. 

2 = [:i*] in some cases, as live. 

X. I long or diphthongal : — 

1 = [uy] or [:u*y] generally — as in child, likely, mind, night, 
right, side, writes, &c. 

2 = [uuy] or [:uu*y], occasional variants. N.B. There may 
sometimes occur forms intermediate between Nos. I and 2. 

XL in closed syllables : — 

1 = [o] in the large class of words — as clock, drop, got, not, on, 
Tom, yonder, &c. 

2 = [u] in the class having this sound in Standard English — 
as another, a-comin', money, other, &c. : the variant [uu] is 
sometimes used. 

3 = [:u'] in son ; [:uu*] may occur. 

XII. Oo. — 1 = [oo*] and [:oo*] generally — ^as in afternoon, good, 
rooks, school, soon, wood = [loo'd], &c 

2 = [oo] in look, toothache. 

XIII. On in the class — about, account, house, out, &c., is generally 
== [uw] ; and at times = [uuw] : moreover, the first element of 
these diphthongs is sometimes of medial quantity. 

XrV. B medial and final is often reverted = [,r]. 

XV. U short in closed syllables : — 

1 = [u] generally — as in but, jump, mutton, run, summer^ up, &c. 
2. The variant [uu] occasionaUy occurs. N.B. In some cases the 
sound may be intermediate between these. 

XVI. IT long or diphthongal is generally pronounced as in Standard 
English. 



XXV 



VERBS. 



I be, or bin. 

Thee bist 

TE or 'er be, or 'e's. 

I wuz, CT were. 
Thee wnst. 
•E were. 

I binna. 
Thee bistna. 
'£ binna. 



TO BE. 

Present. 

Us be, or bin. 

You be. 

Thaay be, or bin. 

Past. 

Us wuz, or were. 
You wuz. 
Thaay wuz. 

Negaiive {present). 
Us binna. 
You binna. 
Thaay binna. 



Negative (past), 
I wasna, wuzna» or womt. TJs wasna, wuzna, or woma. 

Thee wasna, wuzna, or womt. You wasna, wuzna, or worna. 

'E wasna, wuzna, or woma. Thaay wasna^ wuzna, woma, or 

wom't. 

Interrog, and Neg. (present). 
Binna 1 1 Binna, or baint us 1 

Bistna thee 1 Binna yii ? 

Binna 'e, or baint 'e 1 Binna thaay ? 

Interrog. and Neg. (past). 
Wasna II Wasna, or werena usi 

Weiena thee 1 Wasna*ytt 1 

Wasna 'e, or weiena 'e % Wasna thaay 1 



WEST WORCESTERSHttl VIKIt 




V 



xxvm 



I conna, &c. 
I coodna, &c. 



Connal) 
Coodna II &c. 



I man, or moon. 
Thee mun, or munst. 
'£ man, or m5on. 



VERBS. 

Us conna, &o. 
Us coodna, &c 

Interrog. and Neg, 

Conna as 1 &c. 

Coodna asl &a 

MUST. 

Us man, or m5on. 
Yoa man, or moon. 
Thaay man, or moon. 



Neg. 

I munna, or mas'na. Us manna, or mas'na. 

Thee manna, or mannat, or mos'na. Yoa manna, or mas'na. 
E manna, or mas'na. Thaay manna, or mas'na. 

Interrog. and Neg, 
Manna I, or mas'na I) &c. Manna as, or mas'na asl &c. 



DICTIONARIES AND GLOSSARIES QUOTED. 

* Promptoriam Parvulorum.' Ed. Camden Society. 
' Eay's Glossaries.' Ed. E. D. S. 

* Anglo-Saxon and English Dictionary.' Rev. J. Bosworth, 1868. 

* Dictionary of Archaic and Provincial Words.' J. 0. Halliwell, 
Ed. 1874. 

'Dictionary of English Etymologies.' H. Wedgwood, 1872. 
And in the latter part a ' Concise Etymological Dictionary of the 
English Language.' Kev. Prof. W. W. Skeat, 1879—1882. 




A, v. to have, present and imperative moods. ' 'Er a gon' awaay.' 

She hot gone away. ' A done, 5ul ee I ' Ha ve done, will you ! 
A, pron. he ; she ; it ' Wahr h\a at' ' Thar a comoB,' may n 

either Where it he, the, or it! £o, 
A, prep, at ; in. ' 'E were a chu'ch o' Sund'y.' ' 'Er's a Wl mighty 

bad, wi' a paay'ii a top o' 'er yiid.' In all these cases a has the 

sound of ti m but (standard English). 
Abear, v. to tolerate ; to endure. ' I canna abar to see "un." ' 'E'a 

'ad the tiJthache that deaprit till 'e couldn't scahrcoly abar it.' 
Abide, V. to suffer; to endure. 'Mother, 'er never could abiila that 

thahr mon.' 
Abore-a-bit, adserbial pierage, extremely, 'These 'ere bad times 

worrits me above-a-bit, thaay do ; I dunno w'at to do, no mora than 

tho dyud' (dead). 
, Aeoord, v. to agree. Pronounced aceard. ''Im an' 'er can't aeeard 
K together no waay.' Cknucer, Canl. Tale*, Prologue, 832 : 
I ' And 1 it recorde 

If ev m-Bong and morwe-song ofcorde.' 
Accamulate, v. to unito for a common purpose. Pronounced aeeit- 

wulhitf. ' Us accumullatfl to go to '038t«r together o' Saturd'y.' 
Ackem, n. acom. 'As Bound as an ackeni' is a local proverb, 

applied to everything from a horse to a nut. 
AckerEpire, v. Applied to potatoes, &c. which begin to sprout 

while still in the ground. 
Adlandi, n. the strip of ground left at the end of a field for the plough 

to turn on. Corruption of hradlaitdi. 
Afore, 2>rep. before. 'Come aa' see we a/ore yiS goes awaay.' 

Sometimes pronounced a/aour. 
Agate, pre}K set going ; on tho way ; begun. ' Owd Jem's a/)ale 

now uv 'is taay'ls ; thahr '11 be no stoppin' un.' ' Thahr's a dUl o' 

fevers agate this 'ot weather.' — Coigrave makes use of agate, s. t. 

brimbaler and broit^ter. 
Ii-theni, n. hawthorn. 



2 WEST WOROESTEBSHIBE GLOSaA&T. 



Aigla, n. iciclo. 'See ahl them atgles 'angin' to the thaek; tis 

mighty toart this mamin*.' 

Aild, i\ to ail. ' This casselty weather danna suit the owd fdks ; 
grandad*0 hut aUdirC like.* 

Aim, f;. t<) attempt ; to endeavour. ' 'Er aimed to pick it up, hot 
'tworo too *oavy fur *er to 'eft it.' 

Ait, tn to throvr. ' The lad aited a stoiin, an' 'it the 'arse o' the ynd.' 

AUaboutt upHido-down ; confused. ^ To think as the missiB shooki 
(M)tno to 000 mo, an' my 'ouse ald-ahout like this! ' 

All-about-it, the wliolo matter. ' Thee canna go to-daay ; thee mnn 
Hiop at oaihn, an* that's ahl-ahovi-it.^ 

AU-M-il, all that remains. ' The pot's purty nigh emp, hot HI give 

*«« riA/-rM-l«.' 

All M one, all the same. 'Thee can go, ar Bill; 'tis ahl-{u-<meJ 

Anant, prt*p, near. * Put down them faggits anatit the door.' 

Atltnit, fft^ff* op|)osito. ' Thaay lives right anend we.' 

Antl tttmp, II. ant-hill. 

Atltinit, profK name as Anant (Kidderminster.) 

Aptrn, uv Apptrn, ti. apron. See Wedgwood. ''£r puck up tho 
I'tiiiU, an oarr'd *om off in *er appem,* 

Afoh^rt, II. oiclianl. 

Arrandi or Arrant, n. orrand. ' Our Bill's a good li'le chap ta run 
tiv a arnniilt *<i dunna laowse (lose) much time o' the waay.* Also 
nitplind to niarkotiufCH, purchases, &c. * Fetching an arrand' ia 
alwnyH Urn oxpntMiiou used. *The folks next door be goiu* to 
ttmt'koi, an* thaay bo a-goin* to fetch my arrants iax mS.* 

AflfflU, ti, a nnwt. * The gentlefolks is ac'tully that ignenint, thaay 
ittinkH AH itayiUi canna do no *arm I ' Of. ask in HaUiwell. 

Allat. I'ronouncofl azlatf n. (1) the liver, lungs, &c. of a pig. 

i'2) a ilUh (M)nipofHMl of those parts, wrapi>ed in the caul, and 
nn\ with Hu^i and onions* iSee Pegge*8 Eenticisms. s. v. Uarcdd. 

Aihlrt, fivoiK athwart. Hon Wedgwood under Thwart, Boatman. 
• hrhiK Ntr iithWi tho river, BUl.^ 

Aurrttlt, n, harvoMt. ' I doubts us 'ull 'ave a dreadful bad aurrust 
thin y«ar.' 

AttM, i). to try ; to attempt. S^ ^QiS; ' I rolid this 'ere poiiny ahl 
tho waay to Bowdluy, an* 'e never wimst axutd to shy.' 

Avoirdupoil, v. to think over; to consider, weigh mentally. Fr. 
avoirdiitHds^ J'rcmounced awerdepoy, • Father an' me, we*ve awer- 
drpoyeHii o9^, au' US thinks as our 'Liza *ad best go to service.' 

Avoirdapoili a^, UkxI by carpenters to signify correct, straight, 
wtU-balmotd. 



WEST W0RCK8TEH8HIBE OLOSSARr. 

Backen, c. to keep back, or retard. ' This cowd wentlier 'ull backen 
the crops.' ' I doubt thaay 're too foirat ; 't'ull do em no 'arm to 
be badimtd a bit' 

Badger, (1) n. a dealef in grain, poultry, fruit, butter, &c., who 
attenda different markets to buy up thette commoditioe. 

(2) V. to torment ; to worry. This use probably comes from the 
ebnrp practice and hard dealisga of the traders montdoned above. 
■ That owd Pa-iige (Page) is a 'ard un to live under, If you're 
ever so little be'yind with the rent 'e'U badger you as if it wuz 

BaonutS, n. walnuts. Parish elerk, ' Wat did I think o' the sarmiii 1 
Sarmints is ahl like bavtiuU; d'recklj yQ opens 'um, yQ knauwH 

Barfiit, n. Helleljonif fxlvhis, Bcar's-foot. The leaves are baked in 

the oven and used as a remedy for worms. The long RBDtro leaflet 

is removed, as it is coneiderod poisonous. 
BatB, or Bou, of the hand, n. the palm or hollow of the hand. See 

Wedgwood. ' 'E's cut "isself right across the fcwa o' the 'and with 

a riji'/mk,' or rippook (reaping-hook). 
Bat, 0. to blink the eyes. ' Now, Lizzib, tbahr yQ bo a hattin' uv 

¥mr eyes agen ! 'Ow many timea 'ave I towd yu not to hut 'em so ? 
ouli get by 'n' bye as you canmi 'olp it, an' folia "ull think as 
you're sdly,' 

Bather, pronounced Bath-er. v. (1) to scratch as fowls do; (3) to 
scrape together; (3) to struggle. (1) 'Thooi chickeua o' Tyler's ho 
alius a hatharm' in our gardju'. (21 ' That owd Shukey, er's ft covot- 
chous owd piece I 'Er'a a sfcckin full a money as 'er's bathrred up 
some waay.' (3) 'My son's bin mighty bad; I tbowt I ah'ud 'a 
lost 'im Hura-he, but 'e'a bathered thruow it now.' 

Bathy, pronounced Bai-thy, adj. damp ; moist. ' Thatgnmy'n 'uU ho 
reg'Iar sp'ilt in the loft thahr, it's as buihi/ as can be.' 

Beaze, v. lo dry in the sun. ' Them 'ops gets reg'lur bcaxed this 'ot 

Beazy, oi//. ' Them trees o' ynam wants waterin' ; this winder's eo 

sunny, thaay be quite braay.' 
Bebappen, mtv. \mha,^. ' If yii canaa staay now, beJiappen you'll 

step in i' the mamin' P " 
Being as, seein;;! that. ' I did want to spik to the niaiister to ast if 

'e 5odn't rise Ben a bit; but bein' at 'o were so put about, I didna 

like to do it to-daay.' 
Bellook, c. to lonr. 
Bellyftil, n. a suiBcient quantity. ' Didna" I see yil comin' out o' 

the Methody's a Sund'y, Mrs. Accon ? ' (Acton). " Aye, so yii did ; 

'taint aa I 'olds with the Methodya, thaay be ao aly to my thiiikin' ; 

but I likes to eo to the chapel upon times, 'cause the samiint^ is 
"'•■lit cuttin'. Many'a the time I've sot in tiiut chapel an' eriod wiy 



WEST WOBCESTCBSHIKS GLOaSAmi: 



fSkakx^!T% Kmm^ Laar, Act IIL kl n. : 

•BamUethr i«£rjt/W.' S|sl fire, ipoiii 
TiUMTft Fiwi Hmm4rad Foimia of Got^i Hmdmrndwie^ see. 4I», L 27: 
* Xo wpoout mettt, no heii/mll, Ubooren tkinka* 

x. tbe stem of the liop-planL 

Mfer, r. to qiUTec. ' When 'er nd '«r father go, 'er poor littie 
nvyath wms a &• tvnV, but 'er nuuuiged to kip *er toan back.' 

BbMk-bttt, x. black beetle. 

Keediar-hetft, ». Dudytra gpeeiabQU; ako called « liffc-iip-yoiir- 
b«ad-«iul-Ill-kifl»-yoii.' 

Blob-Bunithed, adj, load ; talkatire. 

Bloody Imteher, r. OrcAtr matcula, Earij Pinple Orehia. 

Blow, n. bloasom. Pronoanced blaaw. 'That ah-dhem (hawthorn) 
tree aneiut the owd bam is in Uaow most beantifoL* ''Ato y& 
nd the Uaow nr this pmk ? 1^ amost as big as a rose.' 

Bhie-tAil, It. the fieldfare. 

Bolt, or Boltin, of ttraw, &c., a handle of from 12 to 14 Iba. 

Booaej, n. part of a oow-shed railed off for keeping ha j, &e. 

Bootej'paftlire, it. pasture which lies close to a cattle-shed. 

Botsack, n. footatooL See Wedgwood under Batg, 

Botfen, V, to burst. *I nerer see such a greed j hist as that big 
mastie dog a the gaffer'a. 'E got 'owd ut a dynd ship i' the big 
|neoe yander, an' 'e staffed *iflse& till I thowt 'e'd a bo$9en.* Some- 
times to go hoMen is used. ' Dunna pug that owd strap so tight, ar 
'ell go boMen.' 

Bota-oyed, adj, squinting. 

Bottad, p, p. burst ' That thahr culvert 'as bogfed up.' 

Bough-homo, n. house opened at fair-time only, for the sale of liquor. 
(Pershore.) Suppressed 1863. 

Bonghten, adj. ready-made. ' I alius bakes at 'oaiim, I canna abide 
boughten bread.' 

Bont, n. in ploughing, once up and down the field. 

Bow-belli, n. Anemone nemarosa, Wood Anemone, wind-flower. 

Bozzard, n. a ghost. 

Brat, n. pinafore. * Piit on the child's brai afore yn feeds Im.* 

Brae, n. a large fly resembling a bee. The gadfly is sometimes so 
called. 

Brevit, v, to hunt about ; to pry inquisitively. * Wahr 'ave yti piit 
my prahr-buk to, Mairy f 1 *ve hrevitUd thraow ahl them drahrs 
I cauua find *im.' * 'Erl git naowt from we, 'tis uv no use fer 'im 
to come hrevitiin* about our plai-us.' 

Bnunmook, n. a hook used in hedging (broomhook). 



^ 



WEST W0K0E8TEK8HIRE GLOSSARY. 5 

r, or Bnft, p. to slammer. Fr. hitffcr. ' Thaay've tuk a ilill o' 
paAy'ns wi' my Sam at the school, an' amoet cured 'im o' bu/lin', so 
bad as 'e did wEea 'e were a Lttle 'ui».' 

t sheltered place. CotTUpti(pn of hirraw, ' The wind is 
pretty teart to-daay, but if vQ kijis in the burrS t'ull do yii more 
good to go out in tne air a bit than stivin' by the fire ahl the w'ild.' 

fiushel-np. Good hops are aaid by the pickers to haghel-up well, 
i'. r, they haTB some degree of coDBistency which makes them fill up 
tho meaaurer'a basket lu a manner favourable to the piukers. 

Bnssaok, ?(, a severe cough ; u. to cough. Probably a corruption of 

Bastock, n. a dookey. 

Butty, n. a work-fellow, or companion. ' Have you seen Mary Parker 
lately, MiB. Yapp?" 'Aye, I eis 'or moat wiks; 'eHa my biiUy- 
woman when I washes at the pajaon's.' ' 'Ink an.' 'is huttiu wuz at 
thar tay, an' a man come to the dore, an' ho Boya, " Wich o' your 



'taok, M. a farm taken by a tenant who resides on another. 



r their 



B.g'l., 



Cad-bait, n. the larva of the Btone-fly. 

Caddie, v. to quarrel. "Ark to them cUildem mddUn' 

bits uv t'ya.' 
Cade, n. a spoilt child ; a pot lamb. ' That 'ooman 

ruinate the b'y ; 'e'a such a httle cade as ncTor wuz.' 

Cadge, V. to carry toles. ' Tliat Hon Collier's a spitoful 'un ; 'e's alius 

a r.iuhjin' about to the gentlefolks, an' settin' um agin eomo on us.' 

Cadger, >i. a carrier. See Wedgwooil, and Ray, N. C. Glosniirij. 

' I'll send the baakit by tho ratlgtr a Baturd'y.' 
Caff, or Kerf, n. a hoe : biUs of sale, 1880. See Kerl 
Caff, or Kerf, v. to hoe. Hops are cuffed, potatoes kerfed. 
Cagmag, {\)n. offal ; rubbish. 

(2) V. to quarrel. ' The missia aaye to me, " Wat's that n'ise P " 
Bays she. " Oh," says I, " it's on'y them two owd crittore upsta'ra 
a vupnaggin' like thaay alius be." ' 

to cattle, Ac. To cowa ; 'Coop I coop !' or ' Aw I aw !' To 
^ : ' Fishti ! pishti ! ' (A strange dog is always spoken to as 
iSahti,' aa if this were a proper name.) To torsos: 'Aw!' i.e. 
turn towards driver. 'Oott ' i. e. turn faim driver. ' Come 'ere 1 ' 
{in ploughing) to first horse to turn towards driver. ' Goe woa I ' 
iloughing) to first horse to turn firam driver. To piga ; ' Dacky 1 
aacKy 1 ' " Tantasso, tantassa nig, tow a row. a row ! To poultry : 
' Clip»k I chook I ' ' Come Biddy ! come Biddy ! ' 
Cambottle, n, the Long-tailed Tit. tn Shropshire this bird is a Can- 
'<ittle. The WorcexterBhire form is an example of tho local tendency 
o turn n into in before b or j>. 




6 WEST WORCESTERSHIRE GLOSSART. 

Cant, V. to tell tales; to slander. See Wedgwood. 

€arlook, n. Smapis arvensie, Charlock. Prompt Parv. 

Casselty, <idj\ uncertain : of the weather. ' Thahr's no tellin' w*at to 
be at in such casselty weather.' 

Cast, n. to give up ; to reject. ' If I gits aowlt (hold) ny a sart o' 
taters as dunna suit my gardin, as doesna come kind yi& knaows, 
I coats 'um perty soon.' See Halliwell, Ccuif 33. 
Tusser's Husbandries sec. 3d, 1. 52 : 

* Land past the beet 
Ccut up to rest.' 

Catahrandtail, n. the Eedstart. 

Cattering, n, going b^ging on St. Catharine's Day. 

Chastise, v, to accuse. 'Us chastuted 'im uv 'avin' done it, an' 'e 
couldn't deny of it.' 

Chats, n. chips of wood. See Wedgwood. 

Chatter, v, to scold; to find fault with. "£ didna ought to a 
sahoed (sauced) the ma-iister ; I chaUered 'un well 6ur it.' 

Chanm, n. a crack in a floor or wall. 

Cheat, n. the Grasshopper Warbler. 

Cheeses, n. Malva sylvestris, Common Mallow. 

Chewer, n. a narrow footpath. 

Chin-oongh, n. whooping-cough. Corrupted from ehinkrcottgh. See 
Wedgwood. 

Chitterlings, n, entrails of animals, usually pigs. Prompt, Parv. 

Chores, n. jobs, or work done by a charwoman. *When thee'st 
done up ahl the chores thee canst go out if thee^s a mind, but not 
afore.' 

The Christmas = Christmas-time. ' I dunna think none o' the 
ohildem 'ull be over afore the winter, but thaay be ahl on 'em 
a-comin' far the Christmas.* 

Chnrohman. A man who responds loudly in church is called 'a 
good churchman,^ (Abberley.) 

Cleaches, n. clots of blood. 

Clem, V, to starve with hunger. * 'E's reg'lar clemmed ; 'tis no good 
a-talkin' till 'e's 'ad a bit o' fittle in 'is mouth.' 

Clemency, culj. inclement : of the weather. 

Clip, V, to embrace. * The child clipped me round the neck.' 

Cluttook, n. clot. ' I piit the milk by over night, an' when I 
looked at 'im i' the mamin' 'twas ahl gon' in duttocks,^ 

Codlins and cream, Epilohium pcdustret Lesser Willowherb. 

Colley, n. black, soot^ or smut v, to blacken. See Wedgwood. 

Ben Jonson, PodasiUr^ Act lY. so. iii : < Thou hast not <^ied thy 



WEST W0ia-ESTEH6HIBB GLOSSARY. 7 

Co UogPC, I', to consult. ' I'll eollvgw- wi' the nuBsis, an' aee wliat 'er 
^K Bdvi>^ we to do,' 

^^H Green, Tu Qunque, Act VH. bc. viii, : ' Ptbt go in, and, rister, 
^^^H aolro the mutter. Collogue with her again ; all aboil gu welL' 
^P MalaiaUnt, Act lY. 94 : ' Why look ye, we must cdhgiu Bome- 
tiiUPH. forswear aometimoB.' 

Come-baok, ». a guineftfowl. 

Come-yer-ways, a term of endeamient. 

Company, «. ^de ; social standing. A drunken man was heard to 
say, ■ I baint kitehin compant/; I be drorin'-room comjniiiy, I be.' 

Coolth, n. cold. (Heref. Bonier.) 

Cop, II. ill ploughing, tho first 'bout' of a 'veering.' Proiinit. Pan'. 

Coppy, n. a small coppice. 

Cord of wood, a bundle of wood 5 ft. high, 8 ft. long, and 4 ft. 

Cord wood, n. the small upper branches of trees, used for fuel, or for 

making charcoal. 
Coetrel, n. a drinking-flask. Prompt. Pan. 
CoQtoli, e. to stoop down, or crouch. See Wedgwood under Couch. 

' 'E eoulched in the earner, so as thaaj- shouldna see 'im.' 
Craiky, atlj. weak ; infirm ; ahaky. See '^^''odgwood under Cntrk. 

■ 'Thia 'ere's a mighty craihy owd 'ouae.' ' I comia get about much 

now. not to do no good, yti knaows; I'm naught but a craiky owd 

Cratch, n. a rack for hay, or other fodder. See Wedgwood ; Prompt. 

>Parv.; Bay. 
Spenser, Bymn of Htavenly Low, at 30 : 
' fieginne from fivst where He encradled waa 
In simple cratch.' 
CreU-tiles, n. tilea uaed for the ridgo of a roof. Prompt. Piiri\ 
Crib, n. bill into which hops are picked. 

Cribbing, n. a custom (happily falling into diauae) by which female 
nickers seized upon, lifted into a rrib, and half amothered with, 
liopa and kiaaes, any strange man who entered the hep-yard while 
picking was going on. 
Crinks, n. refuse apples. 
Crinky, wlj. small ; inferior. 
Crock, n. an earthen pot. 
Crocks, fi. broken bits of earthenware. 

Croft, 71. field near a house, or other building. 'The church ernftt' 
are fields near a church. 
Piert Plowman. Passus TV. ver. 62 (Text A) : 



8 WEST WORCBSTBRSHIRB GLOSSABT. 

Passus yn. yer. 35 (Text A) : 

' And fecche ye horn Fauoons ye Foules to quelle 
For thei oomen into my Crofts and croppen my whete.' 

Croodle, v, to bend, or stoop down ; to cower. ' Sit up, LizziOi can't 
yii. What are yti croodlin* over yer work like that for P ' 

Cross-eyed, adj, squinting. 

Cmddle, v. to curdle. 

Spenser, Shepherd' b Calender^ February, L 43 : 

* Comee the breme winter 

Drerily shooting his stormy darte, 

Which crvMU$ the blood, and pricks the harta' 

Fairy Queen^ Bk. I. cant yiL si 6 : 

* His changed powers at first themselves not fele. 
Till crudcUed cold his corage 'gan assayle.* 

Cruddyy adj. curdled ; full of curds. 

Fairy Queen, Bk. HE. cant. iv. si 34 : 

' . . . All in eore 
And cruddy blood enwallowed.* 
CrudSy n. curds. 

Piers Plowman, Passus YU. ver. 299 (Text A) : 

* A few cruddes and craym.' 

Oub, (1) n. hutch for rabbits or poultry. WitneM at Petty Sessions. 
* I see the pigeons i* the cub a Fiid*y mamin*.' 

(2) V, to confine in small space. ' 'Tis a shame to cub them poor 
bists up in that 'ole uv a place.' 

Oubbed-up, adj. bent ; crumpled. ' Father's reg'lur ctibbed-up uv 
rheumatics, till 'e can't 'aowd 'isself up no waay.' 

Oub-up, V. to pucker, or hang badly. * Did yti ever see anythin' so 
bad cut as that poor child's pinner P Look 'ow it cube up o' the 
sho wider.' 

Cuckoo*s bread and cheese, Oxalis acetosdla, Wood Sorrel 

Cnokoo's-mate, n. the Wryneck. 

Cuokoo-spit, Anemone nemerosa^ Wind-flower. 

Cullen, n. refuse corn. Corruption of culling. Prompt, Parv, 

Cully, V. to cuddle. 

Cups and sanoers. Cotyledon umbilicus, Wall Pennywort. 

Curst, cuy. ill-tempered ; whimsical. * Why would you not speak to 
the gentleman, Louie, when he kissed you P ' Louie (aged 5) : * 'Oos 
Pm so cuTit, you know ! ' (1880). 

Cust, adj, sharp-witted ; intelligent. * I don't b'lieve as Tom 'ull 
ever know 'is letters ; but Bill, 'e's a cust 'un, 'e is, 'e can read perty 
tidy.' 

Cutting, adj, touching to the feelings; affecting. 'Thafs a real 
beautiful book, 'tis so cuUin' ; I cried a sight over 'im.' 

Cutting hops, root-pruning them. 



WBST WORCESTERSHIRE GLOSSARV. 9 

Daddaky, mlj, inferior; middling. See Wedgwood under Dad, 

Dag, p. to draggle, or trail in the dirt. Prompt. Parv. 

Sawny , adj. soft and damp. ' I canna kip a bit o' tittle in this 

place, things geta daiony d'recUy yu puts 'em down out a yer 'and.' 
Deadly, adj. clever ; active ; excellent, ' Mrs. is a deadly 

'fWman at doctorin' sick folks.' 
Deam, adj, (\) raw ; cold : of the weather. 

(2) tender; oarefuL 'Mr. is mighty ^iennt t 



^^X, 
^^ii( 






a make much aooouut u 



s dogs '( 



' A good wif was ther of beside Bathe, 
But she waa aom del dcff.' 



' To laowso yor sight la a groat 



n. inJTiry ; disadvantage. 

\ot girt) denial to anybody.' 
Seny of, v. to deny. 
Sing, V. to hluBtor ; to boast loudly. ' I'm tired to death o' hearin' 

'im diiigin' aboat that lad o' 'ia bein' so mighty clever I ' 
Suaooord, c to diaagree. Pronounced dimccnrd. ' What are you 

crying for, Albert ? ' Albert (aged 6) : ' Jack Bice and -a " 

Poomiu' down from achool,' fl880.) 
Spenser, F. Quten, Bk. VI. cant, iii st 7 : 
' But ahe did dixuxord. 
Not could her liking to his love apply.' 
ViMUuml, V. to dispossess. ' The parish 'as disannulled mo nv e 
paay (pay), but this little 'ouse is my own ; thaay c 
me o' that' 
Diicern, v. to catch sight of, o: 
' I discerned aummut glimir 
were this 'ere silver pencil-ci 
Dither, v. to shake or tremble from cold o 

under Dod. 

Dither, >i. grass and other weeds in cornAelds, &c 
Do, n. a great occasion, entertainment, or fuss. 
Dodment, ». ointment composed of grease mixed with dust from a 

church bell : a cure for shingles. 
Doubles. To go on one's two doubles is to walk with two sticka, 
Donk, (1) V. to duck the head. Pronounced daouk. 'You must 
daoiik yer 'ed to get through that little door.' 

(2) n. a crease, or mark. ' Make a daouk i' the edge to mark 
w'ahr you've measured the stuff to.' 
Sout, V. to extinguish. Pronounced daoitl. 



a diaanuul 



I perceive. Used ae in Proverbs vii. 7. 
' i" the HUD, au' I puck it up. an' it 



r fright. See Wedgwood 



10 WEST WORCESTERSHIRE GLOSSARY. 

Ihumy, ctij. deafl 

Dure, v. to last Coles, * I buy'd this 'ere weskit ofif a gioom as 

were a goin* to leave house. 'EeVe dured me a many years. 

'Ee do dure, sure-lie.* 
Chaucer, Cant, Tale», Knightes Tale, 501 : 

' So mochel sorwe hadde never creature 
That is, or ahal, while that the world may dure,* 

Eacle, n, the Woodpecker. About Kidderminster this bird is called 
the stock-etide. 

Earn, m* Erne, adj, near. ' Which is the way to church ) ' ' You can 
go by the road, but the ernest waay is across the crafts.' 

Eokth, n. heiffht. < 'Ast ta bin a' the cathedral at 'OSster ) Eh ! 'tis 
a edeth to be sure I ' 

Eftesty adj, soonest. 

Egg-hoty n. egg-flip. 

Ellem tree, n, elder. 

PierB Plowman^ Passus L ver. 66 (Text A) : 

' Judas he iaped with the iewes seluer. 
And on an dUme treo hongede him aftur.' 

Emp, V, to empty. The people about Tenbury always speak of ' the 
plaayoe w'ahr Severn emp» into Tema' ^The bruck emps into 
Teme anighst our 'ouse.' Empt is occasionally heud. 

Enew, or Enow, enough. ' I'll wamd yii (warrant) 'e's got friends 
enew!* 

Erole, n. a pimple. 

Erriwig, n. earwig. 

Ess, or Hess, n. ashes. 

Ess-hole, the hole under cottage-grates for the reception of ashes. 

Eyenin' time. Any time past noon is spoken of as eveniii* tinier or 
the eueniri' part. A woman lately wished me *good mamin" at 
1.30 p.m., tnen, having passed, turned back to apologise: * Oood 
evenirC ma'am, I should 'a' said.' 

Eyenless, or E'enless, adj. awkward ; unknowing. ' Let that cow 
be, yii e^enftss thing, youll be the ruination of everything. I mun 
nuOLk *er mysen.' 

Eyer-80. * If it was ever so ' = reduced to the last extremity. * I 
wunt ax 'tm for bread, not if it was ever «o ; 1*11 clem first.' 

Eyeable, adj, fit to be seen. * Owd Jack Maund now, 'e's the right 
sart av cobbler; 'e taks a dill o' paayns wi' 'is wark, 'tis alius 
eyeable, and summat like.' 

Fad, (1) n, whim; fancy. (2) t;. to be busy about trifles. See 
Wedgwood. (1) <What are those railings for, John?' <0h, 'tis 



^^^F WEST ^ORCESTEKSQIRB GL03SART. 11 

^^^^^C itiet a /ad o' 'ia lardaliip's, naowt but a/ndo' 'is'n, yu knaowa ; thaay 
^^^^ bo o' no Bart o' use.' (2) 'The guffeHa gotlin' mighty simple, 'o 

eaniia Jo much. 'E jyief /ad about uv a mamin' like.' 
Faddy, cuij. fanciiul ; full of wliima. 
VtLgpt, H. a term of reproach used to children. 

Fa^gitB, n. a very unappetizing kind of ritsole, sold at small pro- 
vision shops. 
Falsify, V. to aharn. 'That young Jem'a a cute little chap. To see 

'ow 'o/itliifiet when 'e wants to stop at wum from school ! "E'a alius 

got the 'edache, or bellyache, or summat.' 
Falter, v. to fail in health. 
Fantea^et, ill-huraour, ' I never seed aich a arbiterry owd chiij) : 

'e'a alius on with some uv 'ia /anteaguta.' 
Fathead, n. a stupid person. 
Feam, v. fern. 
FeatOTfl, V. to resemble, 'I'd 'a knaowd 'im anyw'ahrs, 'e fcatiiren 

"is brother so.' 
Feg, V. to Bcratch. 
Felth. n. sensation. ' I be that staTven, I 'an't got no /ellli in ray 

'anda nor my fit.' 
Pet, P. to fetch. Prmnpl. Parv. 'I'll/e/ the arranta i' the evenin', 

kw'en them childom'a at achool.' 
Shakspere, Henry V., Act III. ac. i. : 
' You noblest Engliah, 
"Whose blood ia/rf from fathers of war-proof.' 
Spenser, F. Quren. Bk. H. cant, ix. at. 68 : 
' But for he was unable them to /rff, 
A little boy did ou him atill attend, 
To reach whenever he for ought did send' 
Ban Jonaon, Cynlhin'i Reveh, Act IT. sc. i. ; ' This may be good 
for us ladies, for it seema far/e( by their stay.' 
Fetch, V. to deliver. "E upped an' fetched me a crack a the yud 

with 'ia stick.' 
Fettle, V. to dress oneself ; to set to rights ; to pn^pare ; to feed or 
'bed up' cattle, &o. See Wedgwood, 'Fettle tbyaen, an' thee 
I ahalt go to town i' the gig.' ' Thia room's all uv a mullock, it 

^^^^H •wante /ettlin' above a bit' 'The gaSer's fettlin' the gardin'agin the 
^^^^H&wer show.' 'Tummas, thee mun go ani/fttle them biatsdown at 
^^^^^Bthe by-tack ; theelt be back by sup per. time-' 
^^^^^^ Shakapere, Someo and Juliet, Act HI, sc vi. : 
^^^^^ ' Fettle your fine joints 'gainst Thursday next' 

Filbeard, n. filbert. Tusser, Fine Hundred Poinles of Good lf>i»- 
haiiilrie, sec, M, 1, 9 : ' Filhrardt red and white,' 

:, the shaft-horee, i e. the horse in the fiUs, or shafts. See 



12 WEST WOROESTEBSHIRE GLOSSART. 

Fire-brand-new, adj, quite new. 

Fitchet, or FitclieWy n. a pole-cat. See Wedgwood. 
Shakspere, Troiltu and Cressida, Act Y. sc. i. : 

' To be a dog, a mule, a cat, a fitchew.' 

Fitchet-pie, a pie made of apples, onions, and fat bacon chopped up 
together. 

Fitile, n. victuals. ' What aay'ls thee, lad, that thee canst na' eat 
ihjfiUIer 

Flannin, n. flannel See Wedgwood. 

Flit, V, to remove from one house to another. See Wedgwood. 

Footman, n. A good walker is termed ' a good footnum,' 

Form yourself = put yourself in an attitude. 

Forrat, v. to bring forward ; to promote. * This 'ere drap o' raay'n 
'ull forrat the haay.* 

Foul, (1) adJ, plain-featured. ' How do you think Mrs. Jones looks 
in her new bonnet, Patty P ' * Ugh ! 'Er's mighty foul sure-lie, * er 
wants summat ta smarten 'er up a bit, 'er do.' 

an, a disease in the feet of cattle. This is cured (P) by cutting 
on which the diseased foot has pressed, and hanging it on a 
blackthorn bush. This disease is mentioned by Fitzherbert. 

Freemartin, n. When twin calves, male and female, are produced, 
the latter is called & freemartin, under the belief that it is barren. 

Fresh-liquor, n. pig's lard. 

Fretchet, adj, cross ; peevish. See Wedgwood under Fret, ' This 
child's ihat fretchet this 'ot weather, till I dunno Vat to do with 'un.' 

Frog, n. the soft part of a horse's foot. 

Frog, V. to crawl on the hands and knees, as young children do. 

Fruit, n. apples and pears only are usually meant by the term. 

Frum, adj, early. ' I've some beautiful frum 'taters ; would yii 'copt 
av a few iax yer dinner, sir P ' 

Frump, V. to swell. Bacon killed in the wane of the moon is said 
never to frump in boiling. 

Furzen, n, gorse. 

Fussook, n. a fat unwieldy person : an expression of contempt. 

Oaffer, n. master. * W'ahr's the gaffer f I wants to axe 'im if 'e 
conna find a job for our Bill.' 

Oain, adj, quick; ready; convenient. See Wedgwood. *Tak' the 
'arse an' leave 'im at the smithy as thee goes by ; that 'ull be the 
gainest waay.' 

Morte n Arthur, Bk. YII. ch. xx. : 

* Took the gainest way in that fury.* 



WEST WORCESTERSHIRE GLOSSARY. 

Gainly, n-h: quickly ; handily. 
Oalland, or O&llant, n. gallon. 
Oallos, fi'lj. wicked ; impudent. ' I be reg'Iar 'aliamed o' our Olfred, 

'e'a Huch n gaUae little ohap, thahr iia't anybody as 'e 'oan't Bahee ' 

(sauce). 
Oambolt t\ to climb, See Wedgwood. ' 'E gamboled over the yat 

aa nimble as uinepenco.' 
Oanuncti, n. joke ; trick ; mockery. ' You be makiu' ffcimineli o' 

Gammon, «. nonsense ; pretence. See Wedgwood. ' You needna 
come tolliu' mE that taay'l, Betty Lucas; I wants none o' your 

Oamput, n. the hinder part at the traces used ia ploughing and other 

field-work. In some diBtricts these are called 'fitting traoee.' 

Auctioneer's Catalogue, Worcester, 1880. 
Oannent, n. a chemiee. 
Oaghly, ii'!J. ghastly. See Wedgwood under Aghojit. ' 'E's lost a 

sight o' blood sure-lie ; 'e looks as giuhly aa ever did a carpso ! ' 
Oaon, n. a tub holding a gallon. 
Gay, II. a swing. 
Get-beyond, v. to recover ; to cure ; to control ; to master a aubjeirt. 

' 'Er's mighty bad, I doubt 'er 'oan't i/et-heyand it this time.' ' Tha 

'ops grows that despr'it, us canna get-bryaiid 'um to tie 'um.' ' 'B 

taowd m! ever such a taay'l about it, but 'e talks so queer, I couldua 

get-ba/ontl 'im no waay.' 
Oiddling', adj. light ; unsteady. 'Dunna yii get into that thahr boat 

if so be that's no "un with yii as con ewim. Tis a giddlint/ thing, 

an' you'll sure to he drownded,' 
Gill-ferret, n. female ferret. 
Ginger, adj. careful ; tender ; light of touch. 
Olat, K. a gap in a hedge. 
Oleed, n. the red heat of a fire. ''E wrote that nasty, an' I were 

that vexed with the lott«r, I pijt it right V the yteed, an' 'twaa gone 

Chaucer, Cant. Talei. MiUer's Tale, 267 : 

' And wafree piping hot out of the gltdt.' 
Glim, (1) n. a light. (2) v. to abine. See Wedgwood under Gleam. 
Spenser, F. Queen, Bk. VL cant viii. st. 48 : 

' There by th' uncertain gliins of starry night.' 
Gloat-oven, n. the kiln in which china la baked after receiving the 

gIftZO. 

Oondud, n. a gander. 
Gonshume-yel expletive. 



14 WEST WORCESTERSHIRE GLOSSARY. 

Gooding Day, n. 8t. Thomas's Day. 

Gooding, to go, v, to go begging on St. Thomas's Day. 

Good-sorted, adj. of good kind. ' Us 'as very good-sarted fmit in 
our archert' ' Oood-soried pigs.* — ^Auctioneer's Catalogue, 1880. 

Gh>-off, n. beginning. * The parson gied mc this 'ere coat, an' 'e've 
dured mS five or six year. I didna war 'im every daay, not at the 
first go-off you knaows.' 

Gonk, n. a stupid, awkward fellow. 

Granoh, r. to grind the teeth, or make a grinding noise. 

Great, adj\ familiar ; intimate. ' Our lads wuz use to be very great 
with 'is'n.' 

Grippet, adj, grasping. ' 'E's that grippet 'e'U scahrse allow 'iaself 
enough to eat.' 

Gripple, (1) adj, miserly. (2) n. miser. 

Spenser, F, Queen^ Bk. L cant. iy. ver. 31 : 

' An' as he rode he gnasht hb teeth to see 
Those heaps of gold with gripple covetyse.* 

Grippleness, rt, greed. "E inna so bad off as 'e makes out, 'tis 
nowt but grippleness makes 'im live so near.' 

Ground, to be on the, to be in want of boots. 

Gull, n. a young goose. 

Ghillook, V. to swallow dovm. See Wedgwood under Gullet, 'I 
sid (saw) one o' them thahr great cranes (herons) guUocking down a 
frog.' 

Gulls, willow-catkins. 

Hairy-milner, n. the caterpillar ; commonly known as * woolly bear.' 
(Ibewdley.) 

Half-soaked, adj, silly ; of weak intellect. 

Hanunergag, v, to scold ; to rate. ' 'Ow 'im an' 'er do quar'l, to be 
sure. You can 'ear 'em thraow the wall, *ammergaggin* awaay from 
mamin' till night.' 

Hampem, n. hamper. 

Hand. At one hand, at one time. ' Sam's a very good lad to me 
now, but at one *and I thaowt *e'd never do no good, to 'isself nar no 
one else.' 

On tJie mending hand, recovering ; convalescent. ' The fever*s 
made 'im mighty weak, but 'e*s on the mendin *and now.' 

To have a fidl hand, to have plenty of work. 

Eardishrew, n. the field-mouse ; also Hardistraw. (Abberley.) 

Haums, or Holmes, n, part of the harness of cart-horses, to which 
the traces are fastened. Corruption of hames. 

Hay-bay, n. a place on the ground-floor for keeping hay, &c. 



WEST W0ECKSTKR3U1RE GLOSSARY. 

HeartleEB, adj. dishearteomg. ' 'Tie 'artless to try an' kip yer 'ouse 
tidj- w'en tharhr'e such a, lot uv mullock out in tlte yard, 'tm folka 
conies traipsin' it in an' out.' 

Heart- well, adj. -well ; in general health. ' How are yoa now, 
Jacob?' 'Well, 1 bo 'eart-aiell, thank yu, but I've got the 
rheumatics iu my ehowlder mortial had.' 

Heft, {I)j(. weight; (2) a ahooting pain ; (3) e. to lift. (1) 'That 
pan ia real good iron, 'tea sold by hr/t.' (2) ' Vve got auoh a lit/t 
in my side, I cauua scahraely draw my breath.' (3) ' Do carr' tlufl 
paay'l (pail) far m6, I conna he/t it when it's fall o' watter," 

Herds, n. tow. 

Hespil, V. to hurry, or agitate. 

Heas, n. nshue. See Em. 

Hetherings, n. slender willow bou)jhs used for binding hedges. 

Hire, v. to borrow money at interest. 

Hiver-hover, v. to waver. ' I canna t(tll if I ought to go or no : I 

bin 'hrr-'uverlii' over it this wik or more.' 
Hobbedy's laatern, n. Ignig-faluus. 
Hob-ferret, n. the male ferret. 
Hoblionkers, a children's game, played in autumn with horso- 

kdiuKtuuta atumg together. For information on the Tarioua forma 
of this game, see a correspondence in Notes and Qiuries, 1878, 
Xhe followine rhyme, used in this gome here, has been written 
down for me by a National School boy. The spelling is hie own, 
Hobloy, hobley Honcor, 
My first conkor. 
I Hobloy, Hobley ho, 

[ My finit go. 

Hobley, hobley aok, 
My firut smack. 
Hog, n. same as leg. 
Hoggish, wij. obstinate. 

Hogiry, adj. clumsy ; ugly. ' The parish 'as give poor little Bill this 
'ero pa'r o' boots. I should like far you to eaay, miss, did you 
ever see a hoggirr pa'rP Why the poor lad canna lift 'ia fit up 
'ardly, thaay be so lombersome.' 
Hone, V. to long for. Pronounced o-an. 'Thahr's on'y one thing 'e 
'onei far, an' that's a drap o' dder. But the doctor aays 'e munna 
'ave it, not on no account.' 
Hoove, V. to hoe. 

Hop-dog, n. a caterpillar found in hops. 
Hop-oulud, n. a moth found in hop-yards in May. 
Hoppers, n. crystals of salt that form at the top of the pans. 
(Droitwich.) 



I 



16 WEST WORCESTERSHIRE GLOSSART. 

Honssaok, n. a load, noisy cough. See Tissaok. 

Honze, t;. to breathe hoarsely. 

Honziiig, n. a hoarseness. ' The child's got a reg'lur bad cowd : Vs- 
such a 'auzin' on 'is chest as is quite terrifyin'.' 

Hnd, n. a husk or shelL ' Wen thee'st done shellin' them peasen, 
piit the *tid$ fax the pigs.* 

Huff, (1) t7. to offend. (2) n. a fit of temper. 

HuUooldng, adj. hulking ; overbearing. 

Humbuzz, n. the cockchafer. See Wedgwood under Hum. 

Hurt, V, to put at a disadvantage; to try the feelings. Domestic 
Servant. * Tou don't think as Tve took that spoon, ma'am P Tve 
looked fur it everywheres, an' can't find it. It 'ull ^urt me more nor 
you if it can't be found. It cosses you money, but it oosses me my 
character.' 

lokle, t;. to long for. 

Iffing and Offing, n. indecision. 

lU-conyenient, adj. inconvenient. 

Insense, t;. to explain; to cause to understand. "£ insensed me 
into the manin' of it.' Misaense, to cause to misunderstand, is used 
by Bishop Jewel in a sermon preached at St. Paul's Gross, 1560. 

Jaok-squealer, n. the Swift ^ 

Jaok-np, V. to throw up ; to resign. ' The missis, 'er's that faddy 
you canna please 'er naow-waay ; an' Bill, 'e's reg'lar dahnted ; 'e's 
jacked'Up 'is plack, 'e canna stand it no longer.' 

Jacky-wobstraw, n. the Blackcap. 

Jazy, or sometimes Jazyfied, acff. tired out ; flagging. 

Jerry-honse, n. beer-house. 

Jigger, n. a horizontal lathe used in china-making. 

Josen, n. a toad. 

Keep, V. To keep a market is to attend it. 

Kell, n. cauL Prompt, Parv. 

Kelt, n. a hoe: bills of sale, 1876, 1877, 1878, 1879. 

Ker^ t;. to hoe : applied to field work. Gardens are caffed. 

Kernel, n. a hard swelling, or indurated gland. Prompt. Parv, 
* Kymel, or knobbe yn a beeste or mannys flesche.' 

Kid, n. a faggot of sticks. See Wedgwood, and Prompt. Parv. 

Kiddle, v. to dribble, as babies do. 



WEST WORCBSTERSHIRE GLOSSARY. 17 

Kimit, adj. silly; idiotic. (Shropshire Border.) 

Kind, adj. favourable ; in good condition. Local proverb : * A cold 
May is kind.' * Us aoan't 'ave a many currands this year, but the 
plums sims very kind,* 

Kipe^ n. a basket. 

Kitty-kyloe, n. a kitten. 

Knerly, adj. flavoured with kernels : applied to cider. 

Know to, V. know of. * Please, miss, *ould yii like a young lennet 
or a throstle P I knaows to some nesses.* 

Lade, n. a shovel with which brine is taken out of the pan. 
(Droitwich.) 

Lade-gann, n. ladle for serving out pig's wash. 

Lady-cow, n. the Lady-bird. 

Lap, V. to wrap up. Prompt. Parv. 

Latsome, adv. late. 

Laze, n. idleness. 

Learn, v. to teach. Cf. A.S. Idhran, to teach ; leoimian, to learn. 
Chaucer, Cant. Tales, Chanones Yemannes Tale, 125 : 

* To lerne a lewed man this sutiltoe.* 
Ps. xix. 66 : * Oh ham me true imderstanding and knowledge.' 

Leasowe, n. a meadow. 

Leather, v. to beat. 

Leathemn-bat, n. the common Bat. 

Leaze, v. to glean. See Skeat« 

Leer, adj. empty. * I corned awaay without my breakfuss this 
mamin'. I feels mighty leeVy I mun 'ave a bit o* nimcheon.' 

Lennet, n. the linnet. 

Lennow, (1) adj. lissom. *When I were young an' lennaoto I'd a 
gambolled over that stile like one o'clock.' 

(2) V. to make pliable. * Them clothes wuz stiff o' the frost, but 
the sun 'ull soon lennaow 'imi agin.' Linnao is occasionally heard. 

Lent-com, n. wheat sown in spring. 

Lick, (1) n. a blow. "E give the dog a lick uv 'is stick.' 

(2) V. to wipe over lightly. * The floor's shameful dirty, but us 
munna wet 'im ; jus' give 'im a lick over, will 'ee, Mairy P ' 

(3) V. to puzzle. *If I canna kip that b'y at 'ome wunst or 
tweist a wik uv'out bein' simimonsed far it, it licka me to knaow 
w'at to do.' (Irate mother on Education Act, 1880.) 

Lie-by, n. mistress. Witness in assavlt case. ' 1 taowd 'im I didna 
cahr for 'im nar 'is lie-hy.* 



18 WEST WORCESTERSHIRE GLOSSARY. 

Likely, adj. promising. 

Mallory, Morte D' Arthur , Bk. VII. chap. iv. : 

' He is as likdy a man as ever ye saw.' 

Like npon^ v, to like. 'Th' owd squire, 'e wer a good maaster; 
everybody liked upon 'im.* 

Linty, adj, idle ] lazy. 

Lirrox, n. an untidy, shiftless person. 

Lodge, V, to beat down. 

Lodged, adj, beaten down by wind or rain. 
Shakspere, MachetK Act lY. sc. i. 1. 55 : 

' Though bladed com be lodged,* 
Richard 11,^ Act III. sc. iiL L 161 : 

* Well make foul weather with despised tears, 
Our sighs and they shall lodge the summer com.' 

LoUopping, adj, ungainly. See Wedgwood. 

Lombersome, adj, cumbersome. 

Loose, r. to go alone (said of young children). Pronounced laotcse, 

Lonk, V. to beat, or thump. Pronounced laowJc 

Lubberdeloy, n, hobbledehoy. See Wedgwood under Lubber, 

Lng, r. to draw, or carry. See Wedgwood. 

Lnngeous, cidj, pugnacious. See Wedgwood under Lunch. 

Lnny, adj, imbecile ; lunatic. 

Lush, V, to beat with green boughs. * Wilt 'ee come along o' me to tak' 
some wappeses nesses P Thee can pull out the caak, Vile I lusJiesJ* 

Mag, (1) n. a scold. (2) v. to scold. 

Maggie, r. to tease. 

Maggot, n. Magpie. 

Tusser, Fiue Hundred Pointes of Oood Husbandries xlix. 9 : 

* If gentils be scrauling call magget the py.' 
(See note.) 

Mammock, or Mammock, v, to cut or hack to pieces. See Wedg- 
wood. * 'E mammocks 'is fittle so, 'tis a shame to see 'im.' 
Shakspere, Cor,, Act I. sc. iii. 1. 71 : 

* Oh, I warrant, how he mammocked it.' 

Market-fresh, or Market-peart, adj. half intoxicated. 

Marl, or Marvel, n. marble. 

Mase, V, to be confused ; giddy, or light-headed. See Skeai 
Chaucer, Cant Tcdea, Merchantes Tale, 1140: 

* Ye mase, ye wMwen, goode sire, quod she. 
This thank have I for I have made you see ! 
Alas ! quod she, that ever I was so kind,' 



^^^Sttk, F. to 
I b— b— Vi 



WEST WOBCKSTEESHIKX OLOSSABT. 




"Tb» 



''Wlul uc jn>D ajiag tor, Etnaul 
— b — VjaaoMbswi tha^ h ja I d— ife b— b—baft m I " ' 
H awkin, n. ac are crow. Corniplun of Morttt. 
Xaziiii, It. pUn ; etmtriTsaee. ' The caata't a fbftnte 'on ui 

the lads ; Vs got and a 108117 '«* ■* '■« to iw» 'am.' 
XeachiiL^, adj. mebmdMilj; ocNsplaiiiiiig. **^s a pool 

eurt UT a 6dmui ; 'ar neror ven good te mndi.' 
Meretorioiu, a<^'. haring a show of nHon, or exeow. 

tetli- a lie as ^'ot no mit o' nae; w**!! I t^a a lie, I l«llta m 

oitt 'un.' KiddenniastCT, 1880. 
Mergald, n. confusion ; meOB. 
Vess, ". tcnn of contempt for aojthing snuU or wea)L " It's a poor 

little rar** nv a tMng.' 
Hiddling, adj. nnwell ; mdiiTereiit ; good. Very middling, Tery ill ; 

Tcry bad. Pretty middling, &irly welL 
Hi^ n. misnnderstandii^. Soo Wedgwood. 
PtitT Pindar, L81: 

' Deal OuDBboroagli & laeh for pride $0 sttfT, 
Who robe u£ of auch pleasure for a miff,' 
Kimo eking', adj. grimacing. 
Mimping, adj. dainty. 'I never see such a, rahnpin' 'arse as thJa 

'ere. I canna get 'im to eat "is food.' 
Mindless, adj. weaV-minded. WorerMer Annus, 1874. ' Tlio 

prisoner seemed to be mindkai.' 
Kifoall, t'. to abuse. 'That's a good nntored sart uv a chap fur 

ahl 'is faults. Many's the time I've chattered 'un well fur gettin' 

the drink, an' 'e'a never miacatird me for it.' 

^ Spenser. F. Q., Bk. IV. cant. viii. et, 24 : 
' Whom Bhe with leasingB lewdly did mitcall, 
And wickedly backbite.' 
le, V. to rain slightly. See Wedgwood. 
Spenser, Shep. Col., November, 1. 208 : 
' Now gynnes to miih, hyo we homeward fast.' 
I, n. loss. ' Sair' Ann 'ave bin that spylt, 'er dunno w'en 'pr'a 
well ofl: "Er 'ull feel the mi*™ on it, w'en 'or mother'B dynd,' 
I atiawori, n. blame. ' Ben, "e wpr n good man to nie ; we wnt 

married farty year, an' 'e never ao much as give me a miiword: 
Hit, n. a small tub for waahing butter in. 
I JCoggy, n. a calf, 

(l) V. to toil Skeat, mtilUfij, miil. (2) to soil, or make dirty. 
Bpeneer, Hymn of Uaxv. Love: 

'Then rouzo thyacl/, O Earth, out of thy wyle. 
In which thou wnl lowest like to filthy nrinn, 
And dost thy mind in duity pleunrM ftteytr.' 



20 WEST WORCESTERSHIRE GLOSSARY. 

Moiled, oidj, soiled ; dirty. 

Moither, (1) to wony. (2) to be delirious. See Wedgwood. "E's 
mighty simple this mamin' ; *is yud's bin so bad ahl night, *e kips 
moitherin^ aM the w'ild.* 

Moiihered, adj, troubled ; confused ; delirious. 

Momble, v. to crumble, or waste food. 

Mombled, adj, wasted ; thrown away. 

Mommock, n. confusion. ' The 'ouse were ahl uv a mommockJ 

Mop, n. a hiring fair. 

Moral, n. resemblance; likeness. 'Jack's the very moral uv 'is 
father.' 

Mose, (1) V. to bum slowly. (2) to rot. 

Mosey, adj, half-rotten; over-ripe. 

Mossel, n. morsel. 

Monch, V, to go prying about. ' That owd black cat goes mouchirC 
about, in an' out uv folksee 'ousen, er'll sure to get shot one uv 
these daaya' 

Mont, V, to moult. Pronounced maout, 

Mowd, n. mould. Pronounced maoud, 

Kowy, n. a rough unkempt child. 

Muokedy, adj, cold ; wet ; dirty (of the weather). 

Muokery, adj, same as above. 

Muffle, n, the kiln in which china is finally burnt after being 
painted, &c. 

Mullen, n, bridle of a cart-horse. Witness at Petty Sessions, 1877. 
' The prisoner piit the mtdlen on the mahr.' 

Mullock, (1) 77. dirt; litter. (2) t;. to make a litter. See Wedg- 
wood ; Kay, N. C, Words, 
Chaucer, Cant, TcUes, Beves Prologue, 19 : 

* That ilke fruit is ever longer the wers, 
Til it be roten in muHoh.^ 

Chanonea Yemantui's Prologue^ 386-7 : 

* The mullok on a heep ysweped was, 
And on the flore yeast a canevas, 
And all this mtdlok in a sive ythrowe.' 

AlUuv-a-mullock = all of a heap. 

MumroffliL, n. the long-tailed tit 

Munch, V, to treat cruelly. * See that limb uv a b'y (boy), 'ow 'e 
munches the poor cat I ' 

Mundle, n, a flat piece of wood used to stir up cream before it is 
churned. Every one who enters the dairy is expected to stir the 
cream to keep out the fedries. 



WB3T WORCESTERSHIRE OLOSSAET. 



21 



'. to aculil uniieceasarily. Sue Skeat, gitau>, nag. 
Jlaggy, "ilj. cross, peevisli. 
Haste, II. the smalleat pig in a Utter. 
Nait, iL. ilirt ; filth. 
Nativet n- native place, ' Wahr is your native t ' = Where do you 

= She is nothing but Bkin 

Haunt, 'I. aunt. Pronouncod nant. 
Hear, a'lj. mean ; stingy. 

Keh, II. beak ; bill. Prompt. Pare. ; Ray, N. C. Qlottary. 
Herking, adj. harsh ; keen (of the wioil). 

Hesh, adj. tonder ; delicate ; susceptible of cold. Prompt. Parv, 
Court of Love, V. 1092 : 

' Hie herte is tendre ne»»h.' 
Hipper, n. youngster. 
Hbg^, 71. the smallest of a brood of poultry ; applied ligurativc'ly to 

weak or undersized persons. 
Hoddy, II. an oddity. 

Hog, 'I. knot ; knob, or any unevenness in the stalks of flax. 
Hoggy, nifj. full of nogs. 

Hogman, n. one who beats out nogs from the flax. 
Hone = no time. ' Er 'adua bin gone none when you come in.' 
Hor, eojij. tlian. 

Horation, n. oration ; speech-making. 
Ho two ways about it. This is a favourite phmso to signify that 

there [■j but one solution of a difficulty ; it is commonly used to end 

Bii argument. 
Habblinge, n. small bits of coal. 
Honcheon, n. luncheon. See Skeat, iiiiifi, nnni-hi'oii. 
Hurra one = not one. 



r od 



Pi prep, on ; of. Tlie vowel sound used to represent these words is 
really that of u in biit (Standard English). To avoid confusion, it 
is written o\ for those prepositions. 
Odds, V. to alter. ' Us none on us likes this pkayce like w'ahr we 
wuz used to live, on' we're sorry as we ever shifted ; but we canna 

, waste wood. See Wedgwood. Prompt. Pan: ' OffatI, 
f that ia levyd of h thiuge. as ehippinga of a tre.' 



22 WEST W0R0EST£R8HIRE GLOSSARY. 

Oldmaid, n. the lapwing. 

Oldness, n. cunning. 

Oney, adj, idle. Pronounced o-ney. 'My son a'nt able to work 
d'yti saay ? * 'E am if 'e's a mind, but 'e alius uhu oney,* 

Orle, t;. alder tree. 

OrtSy n. odds and ends ; leavings ; rubbish. Pronounced arts. See 
Skeat. ' I puck up ahl them, arts o* youm this mamin', miss ; but 
mind vii, yti *oona cotch m^ a doin' it agin.' 

Shakspere, Tinum of Athens, Act lY. sc. iii. 1. 400 : 

' Some poor fragment, some slender oH of his remainder.' 
Osbnd, n. illegitimate cbild. 

088, V, to offer to do ; to attempt. Seldom used but when the attempt 
is xmsuccessful. See Wedffwood. Bay, N, 0. Words, * 'E ossed to 
jump the bruck, but 'e comdna do't ; t Vam't likely I * 

Oolnd, n, a moth. Sometimes owL 

Ounder, n. afternoon. A.S. undern, ' Us 'ad a raayny aounder, o' 
Maay daay.' 

Outoh, V. to crouch down. A hare is said to ' outeh on 'er farm.' 

Overget, v, to recover from. ' It did so 'urt me when I buried my 
little 'un, that I didn't overget it ahl the summer.' 

Owd-anshent, ac{f, old-fashioned. * To see that poor owd kdy ^ to 
chu'ch uv a Simdy, anybody'd think as 'er 'adna a penny piece I 
Such a owd-anshent gownd as 'er wears, an' a shaht fshawl) ahl 
scroauged up, as if 'er*d kep it in 'er pocket ahl the wik. 

Oxberry, n. the berry of the Arum maculatum. The juice is used 
as a remedy for warts. 

Oylyster, n, oyster. (Bewdley.) 

Peart, adj, bright ; lively ; in good spirits. See Wedgwood under 
Perh. As peart as a spoon means imusually bright and cheerful. 

Feasen, n. peas. 

Chaucer, Legend of O, W., Cleopatra, 69 : 

* He poureth peesen upon the hatches slider.' 

Peck, V, to fall forward. * Missus wuz comin' downstars^ an' 'er yud 
was a bit wimmy-like, an' *er pecked right over.' 

Peokled, adj. speckled. 

Penny, adj. full of quills. * I dunna like to ause to sell them fowls 
to anybody. Thaay be so penny you oanna pluck 'em dean, try 
'ow you will ! ' 

Pern, n, wing-feathers ; also quilla (HalliwelL) Skeat, featJier, pen. 

Spenser, F, Q., Bk. I. cant. xi. si 10: 

' And eke the pennes that did his pinions bind. 
Were like mayne-yards.' 



WE8T WORCESTERSHIRE QLOSSARY. 



33 



Milton, Pur. L., Bk. VII. ver, 421 : 

' but feather'd Boon and flodgo, 
They Bummed their pent.' 
\ to feel cold. 

., m^'. pinched with cold. Surulay SrJinol Teneher. 'You 
haye just road that the disciples cried ; " Save, Lord, we ptriiA." 
What doea perish mean ? ' Boyg, unamnwuily. ' Storreu with cold ! ' 
{Tenhury, 1880.) 
Peter grievou, ndj. umeasoiiably aggrieved. 

Phantom, a-ij. withered ; weakJy. Apphed by mowers to bad grass. 
PUeem, n. phlegm. 
Pick, R. a pitkaxe. 
Piokingi, n. Bait encrusted at the bottom of the mas, which is 

broken and ground Up for agricultural purposes. (Droitwich.) 
Piece, n. (1) a field. 'The cowa is in the thirteen-acre inece.' 

(2) a slice of broad. ' I bo clemmed, mother, gie I a pkut ! ' 

(3) contemptuous epithet. ' '£r oonua do much, 'er is but a poor 
p<t<:t: 

Picfinch, n. chafTinch. 

Pikel, n. pitchfork. 

Pinsens, n. pincers. 

Fither, r. to move lightly ; makiDg a slight rustling noise. ' I 'card 

them rots (rats) a,-pilbf!ria' about over my yud ahl night, an' I 

couldn't got a wiuk o' sleep.' 
Plack, n. place ; situation. 
Plain, mlj. unosauiniog ; friendly in manner. ' Lady Mairy is such 

a plain lady; she come iuto my 'ouse, an' sita down, an' tak's the 

cliilJem in or lap as oonifortable aa con be. She's as plain as you 

be, miss, every bit' 
Pleach, V. to lay down a hedge. O.Fr. ; Ootgrave ; Eny, If. C. 

U'ordt. 
Shukspere, Muck ado about Nolhing, Act III. eo. i. 1, T : 
' And bid her steal into the pleached bower.' 
Plough-down, V. used by hop-growera. To plough tbo earth away 

from the roots before cutting them. 
Plongh-up, V. to turn back the earth after the former ptoceas. 
Plump, IK to swelL Used iu the same way aa frump. 
Pole-pitching, w. setting up the rows of poles in a hop-yard. 
Pole-polling, v. taking out the poles at the end of the season. 
Poshy, adj. wet, or steaming. 

■e of fruit, A-c, varying from eighty to ninety pounds. 



24 WEST WORCESTERSHIRE GLOSSARY. 

Pot-basket, a square hamper holding a pot. 

Pot-fruit, eating fruit, as distinguished from the rough sorts used for 
cider, perry, &a 

Pothery, adj. close ; warm. 

Pot-lid, n. a dish of stewed rabbit. 

Pouk, n, pimple. Pronounced ^;aai*A-. Corruption of pock. 

Power, n. a great quantity. (Halliwell.) 

Prill, n, a small stream of water. 

Primm3rro8e, n. primrose. 

Prise, (1) n. a lever. (2) v. to burst open with a lever. See 
Skeat. 

Pug, V. (1) to pull. ' Dunna kip puggirC at my gownd like that^ 
child.* * The master's pugged Johnny's eara' 

(2) to pluck fowls. * Do yu cahU that the waay to pug fowls, 
yii lazy wench ? Look *ow penny thaay be I ' 

(3) To draw on one's resources. * My da'hter's ill, an' 'er 'usband's 
out uv work, an' thaay Ve nine little 'uns, thaay puga me dreadful, 
thaay do.' 

Pnggy, adj. dirty-looking ; ill-complexioned. 

Pullback, n. drawback; hindrance. 

Purg^te, n, the pit under a grate. Same as Ess-hole. 

Purgy, adj, conceited ; uppish. 

P&t, V. (1) to set out a meal. (2) To serve with food. 

P&t-about, V. to vex, or worry. 'That upset along uv the naay- 
bours piU me about above a bit.' 

Pntchen, n. an eel-basket. 

Quakers, n. quaking-grass. 

Queece, n. wood-pigeon. (Abberley.) 

Quice, n. Same as above. 

Quilt, V, to beat. 

Quilting, n. a beating. 

Quining, n. the foundation of a wall. Corruption of coigning. 

Back, n. a narrow path cut through a wood ; a winding-path up-hilL 
(Bewdley.) HaUiweU, roc^ (2). 

Baise-the-place, v. to make a disturbance. * Wen 'e *eard as Joe 
wuz gon', *e rose the plaayce.'* 

Baisty, adj. rusty ; rancid. 

Banald, n. a fox. 



WEST WOaCEBTERSHIBE GLOSSARY. 



25 



!>: 



At, R. Sanunculiie AqualHi!*. Water ranunculua. 

Baamui^, adj. excellent. ' That's rcmiim' good aay'l, an' I duuua 
oahr if I 'as anotlier glass or two." 

Swn, H. last bout of a veering in ploughing. 

Seherie, v. to leave a strong taste in tlie mouth, Fr. re/iereer. 
'Them be strong onions surelie, thaajr re'craa ohl ijaay.' 

Semmeddy. 'Thar'a no remmeddy' = no help for it. 'So yd 
kooowH, miss, the fust timo as 'is lardship come down after ray poor 
men were dyud, 'e sent far mS. an' 'e saj-s, "WoU, Mrs. PaOga.'" 
'e Bays, " 8o you've lost yer 'uaband. Well," says 'e, " thahr'a no 
renmitddy." ' 

Bight, adj. downright. ' '£f'b right ill this time, thahr an't no 
purteuce aboat it,' 

Boad, N. fashion; manner. 'That an't the right roiid to do it. 
Stop, you, an' let me shaownd yO.' 

Note. ' Slop, ytm.' would have a stress on it, therefore you would 
be pronounued in full ; at the end of the sentence it is contracted. 

Bobble, n. a tangle ; v. to tangle. 

Xocofttee, n. A technical terra in carpet- weaving by the handlooni. 
When a Brussels carpet was finished, it was left on the loom nntil 
a few yards of the next piece were woven, and rolled tightly upon 
it, io equalise the pressure on its pile. These few yards wore called 
a Tocralrt, but lost the name when the first piece was taken away. 

Bodney, n. an idle, loadng fellow, 

Bouile, V. to rouse. 

Bowinga, tu chaff, or refuse from a threshiDg-machine. 

Buok, (1) II. 8 fold, or crease. (2) v. to crease. 

BDcked-Tip, adj. caught up in folds, creased. 

Bnok-0*-briokl, n. gaol. Prisoner ordered to patf a fine, at the 
Petti/ SfMums at ffundrrd Houk, April, 1879. ' I 'ixina paay, 111 
go to the Tuck-o'-hricka fust.' 

Boggle, V. to struggle, or strive with difficulties. 

Bninatfl, v. to niio. 

Ruination, e. ruin. 

Sales, or Seals, n. saltworks. (Droitwieh.) The stoves used to be 
locked by the excise- oSoets, and sealed until they come t« open 
them, henoe acuta ^- »atei. 

Sallies, ii. wiUi>w-boughs. 

Sally-bed, ii. plantation of willows grown for hop-poles, &c, 

Sally-bmig, n. a largo porous bong used by cider-makers. 

Sally-tree, n. willow. 



26 WEST WORCESTERSHIRE GLOSSARY. 

Sam, or Sam up, v, to collect together. 

Spenser, F, Q,, Bk. I. cant. x. st. 57 : 

* Now are they saints all in that citie »am,* 
8Jiep. Cal, (May), 1. 168 ; 

* For what concord have light and darke 8am f ' 

Sapy, adj, moist ; damp ; soft ' This 'ere size is that sapy, t'ant no 
sart o* use.* 

Sayation, n. saving ; economy. ' Them saowing-machines is a girt 
aavation o* time.' 

Soabble, v. to rough-hew stones. 

Soandert, n. drunkenness. (Halliwell.) 

Scawt, V, to slip. ' '£ tried 'is best to git on, but 'twas that slippy 
'e kep' Bcawtin' back ahl the w'ild.' 

Soiflserns, n. scissors. 

Scog^g^ing, acy. boastful, self-important. 

Sooot^ n. a comer, or division of a field, marked off for some purpose. 

Scowl-of-brow, judging by the eye instead of measuring. ' I dun 
knaow w'at ahl them younff chaps wants alius 'a-measurin' thar 
wark fax, Tii see that yat ttiahr r Well, 'e 'angs well enow, don't 
'e P I ptit 'im up on'y by icowl^uv-hrow.^ 

Serat, v. (1) to scratch. (2) To work hard. (3) To scrape together. 

ScratohiiLgs, n. a dish composed of fat from the 4eaf ' of a pig, cut 
up into dice, fried, and eaten, generally on toast, with pepper and 
salt. 

Scraunch, v, to crush with a grating sound. 

Scrawl, r. to crawl. 

Tusser, Fine Hundred Pointes of Good ffuahandrie, 499 : 

' If gentils be scrauUng call magget the py.' 

Sorigglings, or Scrogglings, n, apples left on the tree as worthless. 

Sorimity, adj\ stingy. 

Sorobble, v, to scramble. 

Sorouge, v, to crowd, or squeeze. (Halliwell.) Teacher. 'Boys, 
why don't you sit still in that comer P ' * Please 'm, we be 
Bcraouged* (1880). 

Somff, or Scmft, n, the back of the neck. 

Send, V. to rain slightly. 

Scutch, n, couch-grass. See SquitcL 

Seed-lepe, n. basket for holding seed. Late A.S. scd-lcup. Prompt, 
Parv, Auctioneer's Catalogue, 1880. 

Seedness, n. seed-time. 

Seeds, n, growing clover. 



WEST WOBCESTERSHIRB QLOSSART. 



1 o' Pigman 



P 



Sennoo, n. Binew. ne Prompt. Parv. has emu. 
Set, V. to lot {of a Louse). ' Them be nice little 'on 

Grayeaes a' top □' the laayu : I ehu'd like iiir ta 'ave one on i 

but I retkon thaay be abl (rt( by now.' 
Sharrod, or Sharwood, «. a young deer. 

Shear-sheep, or hog, or Shearling .sheep, n. two-year-old sheep. 
Sheed, v. to shed. 

Sherry, ji. a aupport for a gate-post. 
Shet. 1'. to ehat. 

Shift, V. to mOTc from one house to another. 
Shore, v. to prop up. See Wedgwood. 
Shap-pick, or Shnp-pnk, n. a short pitchfork. 
Shordle, r. to shiver. ' Wat bist skurd^Hii thabr fatt Come ta the 

firo aa' wahrm theesen.' 
Bhnt on = rid of. 
Sib, V. related to. 'Thaay be gib 

jSlfric; Prompt. Parv. 

Chaucer, Cant. Tala, Tale of Meliboeua i 



= they are related to ii 



y ben but Utel tibbe 



and 123: 
UooUi 



1 of Piera Plowman, Pass. VI. 113 (Text A) : 

* Bote hose is nh to this suiitren 

Fonderliche welcomen.' 



the Bt«m to 



a mayden thor, and hat3) miht over hei 
ib to alle eyiiful men.' 
Bickle-hocked, adj. said of wheat that is too weak i 

staad alone. 

Bidder, adj. tender. Applied to peas that boil well. 
Sie, V. to strain milk. Petty Setwions at Tenbury, Sept., 1881. Boy. 
' I 'was in the dairy 'elping mother to lie the milk.' Mogittrate, 
■ What were you doing f ' Boy. ■ Wo wuz eieiiij the milk,' 
8ie — mik-iie, n. a fine strainer, through which milk is poured when 

flrat brought into the dairy. 
Bight, n. a great quantity. 
Bike, V. to sigh. 

Chaucer, Cant. Take, Knightcs Tale, 2127: 

' And with a sad visage ho tiked stiU.' 
Fnuikloin's Tale, 276 : 

■ Aurelius ful ofte sore *ikrth.' 
Vhion of Pirri Plovrman, Pasa. V. 229 (Text A) : 
'Then sat Slouthe up, and likedt sore.' 



28 WBST WORCESTERSHIRE GLOSSARY. 

Simple, adj, ill ; weak. * Joe's a bit better, but *e*8 miglity etrnple^ 
^ canna stand scabrcely.' 

Simple-lookiiLg, adj, insignificant. ' What is that tall plant in your 
middle flower-bed ? ' * 'Deed, 'mum, I dunno. 'Twas give to me, 
but I dunna cahr about it much, the flower's a simple-looking thing, 
ain't it ? ' 

Sippetty, cuy, insipid. 

Skeel = butter-skeel, n. tub for washing butter. Thoresby to Ray. 

Skim-dick, n. home-made cheese. 

Slighty, adj, slightly made ; insecure. ' I dunna like them boughten 
frocks, thaay be so slighty ! ' 

Sling, or Slinget, n. a narrow slip of ground. 

Slip, 7i. day for china-making in a liquid state. 

Slither, v, to slide. 

Sliying, n. a slip or cutting of a plant Prompt Parv. 

Sloiher, v, to smear, or wipe up carelessly. 'I s'pose that gurl 
thinks as 'er*8 claned the floor I 'Er's slathered it over, some waay, 
but 'er'll 'ave ta do it agen, as sure as I stands 'ere.' 

Slummakiiig, adj. awkward. 

Slurry, n, snow and mud mixed. See Solid. 

Smudge, t;. to kiss. 

Snift, V. to sniff. 

Sock-cart, n. cart for liquid manure. 

Sogging, or Soggy, adj. soaked with wet ; moist ; damp. 
Beu Jonson, Every Man out of Humour , Act III. sect. ii. : 
' The warping condition of this green and soggy multitude.' 

Solid, (1) adj. solemn. 

(2) V. to thicken, or make solid. 'The roads be nowt but slurry ; 
I wishes thar 'ud come a frost an' solid 'em a bit' 

Sords, n. rinds. Prompt. Parv. 

So-say. For the so-eay = for the name or sound of a thing. 

Spftdgnck, 72. sparrow. (Bewdley.) 

Spanl, V. to splinter, or break away unevenly ; generally said of the 
branches of trees. Sometimes corrupted to sporle. 

Spire, V. to throw up green shoots ; to grow. See Skeat. ' I thaowt 
ahl my trees waz dyud, but thaay be spirin^ nicely now.' 

Spenser, F. Q., Bk. III. cant v. st. 52 : 

' Of womankind it fayrest Flowre doth spyre. 
And beareth Frute of honour.' 

Spirt, n. a sprout, or shoot 

Spit, V. to rain slightly. 



WEST WORCESTERSHIRE GLOSSARY. 29 

Spittle, n. a spade. 

Spittle-treOi n. spade-handle. 

Splother, v. to splash, n. a splashing noise. 

Spot, V, to begin to rain. 

Spreader, n. the stick used to keep out the traces from the legs of 
cart horses. 

Squawk, v, to cry out ; to squeal. 

Squilt, n, a sore place, or breaking out on the skin. 

Squitchy n. (1) a birch twig. (2) Couch grass. 

Stag, n. a cock-turkey two years old. 

Stag-quicks, n. strong old thom-quicks removed from a coppice or 
hedge to another place ; thus distinguished from yoimg quicks. 

Starve, r. to be cold. 

Starven, adj. pinched with cold. * Alice is such a nesh little thing ! 
Wen 'er's plaayin' with th' others in an evenin*, *er'll run into lie 
'ouse, an' ^r^'ll say, ** Oh, mammy, do put I on a jacket, I be so 
starven ! " * 

Stean, or Steen, n. an earthen pan. 

Spenser, F, Q., Bk. VII. cant. vii. st. 42 : 

* Upon a huge great Earth-pot-«^n he stood.' 

Steer, n. starling. Sometimes Black-steer. 

Stele, n. a broom-handle. Prompt Parv. ; Ray, S. C, Glossary, 
Chaucer, Cant, Tales, Miller's Tale, 597 : 

* And caught the culter by the colde stele.* 
Piers Plowman, Pasa XIX. 274 (Text B) : 

* A ladel . . with a longe stele,' 
Spenser, F, Q,, Bk. V. cant. xii. st 14 : 

* And in his hand a huge pole-axe did bear. 
Whose stele was yron-studded, but not long.' 

Stelch, n, a post in a cow-house to which cows are fastened. 

Stive up, V, to confine closely. 

Stiyed-up, or Stiven-olose, adj, stifling. (Halliwell.) 

Stock, V, to peck as a bird. See Wedgwood. * The maggot stocked 
my 'and uncommon 'ard.' 

Stop-glat, n, stop-gap. 'Dunna yii bum that thahr furzen; 't'ull 
do far a stop-glat one o' these daays.' 

Storm-cock, n, missle-thrush. 

Stub, n. stump of a tree. See Wedgwood. 

Stub, V, to grub np. 

Tusser, Fiue Hundred Pointes of Good Husbandrie, xxxy. 23 : 

* Now stub up the bushes.* 



30 WEST WORCESTERSHIRE OLOSSART. 

And zxxT. 47 : 

' be readie witli mattock in hand 
To sttib out the bushes that noieth the land.' 

Snffy n. drain. See Wedgwood under Soak, Eay, N, C. Gfhssary, 

Suity, adj, level ; even. 

Snp, (1) n. a drop. * *05na thee 'ave a mp a cider, Tomi ' 

(2) v. to swallow. * Sup up the physick, child, an' dunna 'iwer- 
'ower over it like that ! ' 

(3) V, to supply with supper. ' Jem went out last night to $up 
the cows.' 

Swarm, v, to climb. See Wedgwood. 

Swelih, n. a swelling. 

Swig, V, to sway. ' Them trees did swig about i' the wind above- 
a-bit.' 

Swingle, n, a swing, t;. to swing. 

Swifher, n. perspiration. 

Tabber, v, to make a drumming noise. See Wedgwood under Tabor, 
Oamekeeper, * Go you up ta the top earner of the coppy, Bill, an' 
tahher a the big oak till I cahls to *ee.' 
Nahum ii. 7, ' The voice of doves tabering upon their breasts.' 

Tack, n. (!) hired pasture for cattle. 

(2) A flavour. * The aay'l (ale) 'as a tack a the barrel.' 

Tail-cratch, n. the rack at the back of waggons for holding hay, &c. 

Taking. To be in a taking = provoked, or angry. 

Tallat, n. a hayloft. 

Tally, n. a piece of wood on which the work of each hop-picker is 
measured, by means of notches. 

Tally-man, n. the man who measures the hops in a bushel basket. 

Tang, V, to call bees together (when swarming) by making a noise. 

Teart, adJ, sharp; painful. 'That cider a youm's mighty iearf, 
maiister.' * The wind's teart this mamin', an' no mistcJ^e I ' 'I run 
a pikel into my fiit, 'twas mighty teart,^ 

Ted, V, to spread hay. See Skeat ; Eay, N, C. Glosaarj. 

Tusser, Fiue Hundred Pointes of Good Hwbandrie, Hv. 1 : 

' Go sirs and away 
To tedd and make hay.' 

Teem, v, to pour out ' Canna yu drink yer tay, lad 1 Teem it inta 
the sahrcer (saucer) then.' 

Teg, n. a sheep of a year old. 

Tempest, n. a thunderstorm. * My ! dunna it look black ! us 'ull 
'ave tempest afore night sureZie I ' 



WEST TTOROESTERSniRE GLOSSART. 



31 



irtBmfy, f. to torment ; to puzzle. ' '£ canna get a wink a slip uv a 
night ; 'is cougli is trrri/i/in'.' ' Yd nevar knnows 'ow to pleaBn 'im, 
'o gnim'les if yO goes out, an' 'e cacna bar yu to stop at 'ome ; it's 
terri/yin' to kuaow what to do far tlio beiit.' 



I Theavi 



(1) n. thatch. (2) v. to thntch. Eay, N. C. Glossary. 
Tiwser, Fiut HundTed Pointei of Ootid Uaalnndrie, liii, 12 ; 
With whinnea or with furzes thy houel renew, 



Theave, n. a yearling ewe 
criinprising lOS fat and a 



Catalogue. 1879. 
Thick, adj. intimate. 
Thill- 'arae, or Thiller, n. the shaft horse. 



(Ray.) ' Flouk of croaahred sheep, 
atyahear-hogs and treaties.' Auctioneers 



,■ Auo- 



k 



Prompt. Pan.; 

tioneer'B Catalogue, 1880. 

Bhakspere, Merchant o/ Venice, Aot II. sa ii. : 'Lord, what n 
beard haat thou got I thou hast mora hair on thy chin than Dobbin 
m.ytkill-hortt has on hia tail I ' {Sleeven'a Ediliim.) 

lusaer, JVua Hundred PoinUs of Oeod Huibandrie : 
' With collar and hamoss for tliiltrr and all.' 

Thrave, n, bundle of straw of twenty-four boltinga. Ray, If. 0. 
Glossary. 

Thresb,, n. the lower part of a horse's hoofs. 

Thribble, adj. threefold. 'The h'y.s nowadaays is that faat, thaay'll 

sahce (sauce) a man thriUU thar age' (1878), 
Throstle, n. a thrush. 
Thumb-piece, n, a piece of bread with cheese or meat, held between 

the thumb and finger.' 
lioe, V. to entice. 'I wish I 'ad never sot eyes o' that Priddy 

(Preedy). 'E's ticvd Jem awaay from 'is plaice with 'is taajl's 

about sodgerin' ! ' 
I'Xid, adj. tender ; nice ; fanciful. ' Father 'fii5dna like far Susy to go 

w'ahr 'er 'oudna bo used kind, 'ot'b such a Ud little thing.' 



(2)t> 



I. tob 



carefully tended. 

' If 'er 'adna bothered 'eraelf abont that good -far- nothin' h'y, 'er'd 
a bin alive now, an' 'er might a tiddled along a good bit.' 

'The parson 'e give m6 a slivin' a that ga-rai-nam, an I tiddXed 
uv 'im anl the winter, an' I got mS a tidy teee now, yQ see.' 

Tiddling', n, a lamb brought up by hand. 

Tiddy, adj. small ; tiny. ' Miss 'as got such a Wely watch, 

tis such a Uiijy little thing, nat much bigger nur a penny-pieca.' 
..Tiddy white-throat, ». the white-thtoat. 



32 WBT WORCESTEBSHIHS GLOSSABT. 

Kdy, adj. seasonable ; appropriate ; well in health ; of good quality. 
' 'E's a tidy waa j to walk afore 'e gets oaum.' * How be yon ta- 
daay ? * ''Pretty M^: • The oes looks pretty tidy: 

l^osser, Fiue Hundrtd PoinUM of Good Husbandries ML 22 : 

' If weather be fiure, and tidie thy graina* 

Tind, or Teend, r. to kindle. See Skeat 

Wycliff, Xew Tett^ Matt. y. 15 : * Ne me teendith not a lanteme 
and pnttith it under a busheL' 
Spenser, VirgiTs Gnat : 

• go, cnrsed damoeelee. 

Whose bridal torches fool Erynnis tynck' 

Tifiiek, (1) n. a hacking cough. 

(2) V, to coogh. ' Grannie, 'er kips tiiiidnn^ ahl the w'fld.* 

Topping and Tailing, trimming tomipe, &c., performed by women 
m the antnnm. 

Torril, n. an expression of contempt. 'Bill Porter^s come ont a 
OTison, is 'e P Well, it *5ona be long afore *e'8 back, I should saay ? 
%'s a torrilf 'e is.' ' Them taters is (orrt7-looking things.' 

Totty-ball, n. cowslip-balL See Wedgwood under Toss. 

Tot^ n. a small mug ; also jar, such as ointment is put into. Child 
at School-treat, 'Be we to 'aye more tea afore we goes oaiimP 
Why, us 'aye sent our tots back ! ' 

Totterdy, adj, infinn. ' l\e 'ad the rheumatics yeiy bad this three 
wik, an' I be that totterdy I canna 'ardly scrawl.' 

Towile, n. to worry ; tease ; pull about See Wedgwood. 

Traipse, v. to tread in ; to tramp. See Wedgwood. 

Trees, n. plants grown in pots. 

Trig, n. a mark in the ground. Gardener. * S'pose I puts a trig in 
this earner, miss? It 'ull be 'andy fiEu: you to mark the tennis 
ground from.* 

Trow, n. a boat of eighty tons, used on the Seyem. 

Trowse, n. any stuff used for making hedges. 

Tump, n. a mound, or hillock. 

Turmits, n. turnips. 

Turn, to get the turn ; to pass the crisis. * I thaowt *er mun die 
sureZiV, but 'er's got the turn on it nows,' ' My 'usband 'adna no 
work ahl the winter, an' we wuz pinched, and wuz forced to run in 
debt far bread an* coals, an' such ; and it 'ull tak we a long time to 
get the turn on it.* 

Tnm-again-gentleman, n. the Turk's cap lily. 

Tush, V. to draw a heavy weight, as of timber, &c 

Twinny-*uns, n. applied to fruit or flowers, &c., of which two have 
grown on one stalk, or in one shell. 



WEST WORCESTERSHIRE GLOSSARY. 33 

Ugly, adj, inconvenient. * An ugly country ' = bad roads. * How 
do you manage to get over that stile in your garden, Mi-s. Harris ? 
It must be very awkward for you, as you are so lame ? * * 'Tis a 
ngly stile, sure/i'c, but I gits over 'im some *ow. I puUs out the 
uvvermost raay'l yii knaows, and it an't so bad then.' 

Ugly-fet, n. a double chin. * 'Asn't the baby got a t'rrible ugly-fat ? * 

Undeniable, adj. excellent; good. * 'E's an undeniable gardener.' 

Unforbidden, adj, disobedient. * I shall tell the maaster to beat 
them childern, thaay be so unforbidden; speakin' an't no sart 
o'use.' 

Unked, adj, awkward ; also lonely ; miserable. ' The missis took a 
dill a paayns uv our 'Becca, but 'er couldna never lam 'er to be 
tidy. Er sims reg'lar unked, 'er do.' * Thaay lives right up a' the 
top o' the common, w'ahr thahr an't no other 'ousen any w'ahr near. 
'Tis a unked sart uv a place.' 

Unkind, adj. bad ; unfavourable. ' The banes (beans) dunna graow 
one bit, thaay sims so unkind,^ 

Unsoity, adj. uneven; unequal. 

Upon-times = occasionally. 

Uprit, adj. upright. 

Upset, n. a quarrel, or disagreeable occasion. 

Urchin, n. a hedgehog. See Wedgwood. 
Bomaunt of the Bose, 3135 : 

* Like sharp urchona his haire was grow.' 
Shakspere, Titua Andronicua, Act U. sc. iii. : 

' Ten thousand swelling toads, as many urchins,* 

Utifl, n. noise ; confusion. Corruption of Utaa. 
Shakspere, 2 Henry IV., Act II. sc. iv. : 

* By the mass, here will be old utis ! ' 

Uvvermost, prep, uppermost ; overmost. 

Veering, n. a certain number of ridges or furrows in a ploughed field. 

Venturesome, adj. adventurous. 

Void, adj. raw. * Our Bill's *ad the most awful'est broken chilblains 
as ever wuz. But Mrs. James 'er give me a tot o' stuff as did 'um 
a sight o' good. Thahr's on'y one plaayce about as big as a pin's 'ed 
that's void now.* An empty house is always said to be void. 

Voylet, n. a violet. 

Wady, adj. weary ; tedious. 

Wallers, n. salt-makers. Cf. M.E. wallen, to boil. 

Wallowish, adj, nauseous. See Wedgwood. * The doctor's give me 

I) 



34 WEST WORCESTERSHIRE GLOSSARY. 

some stuff as is downright wallowish; but I'm bound to saay it 'aye 
done mS a power o' good.' 

Wally, or WoUy, n. rows into which hay is raked. 

Want, n. a mole. Pronounced oont, 

Waps, n. wasp. 

Warm, v, to beat. * Let me catch 'eo doin' that agen j TU wd/irm 
yu!' 

WarmsMp, n. warmth. 'Xhahr's a dill a wahrmship i' my owd 
shahl (shawl).' 

Wastril, n, an idle fellow. 

Water-waggits, n. water-wagtaiL 

Watty-handed, adj. left-handed. 

Wanve, {}) v. to cover over. Ray, N, C Glossary. *Thee*d best 
wauve over that rick wi' a tarpaulin ! thahr'll be tempest to-night' 

^2) To lean over. * I were i' the tallat an' 'eard um talkin' ! so 
thioKS I, thaay binna ater no good : an' I just wauves over to 'ear 
what thaay said ! ' 

Weep, V, to run as a sore does. 

Well-ended, adj, said of crops safely carried. 

Welly, adv, nearly. * Gie I a mouthful a fittle, I be welly clemmed.' 

Werrit, or Worrit, v. to worry. See Wedgwood. ^ A werrit* is 
often used when speaking of persons of anxious temperament. 

What-for. * I'll give yii w'at-far ! ' a familiar phrase, meaning, Vll 
give you something to cry for. 

Whiffle, V. to change about from one quarter to another (of the 
wind). See Skeat. 

Whiffling, adj. changeable. 

Whimmy, ailj. full of whims. 

Whippit, n. a mongrel dog. 

Whosen, pron. whose. 

Wioken, n. a small basket in which salt is packed. (Droitwich.) 

Wimmy, adj. giddy ; having a swimming in the head. 

Wim-wam, n. a giddiness ; a new-fangled thing. 

Windle-straw, n. anything light and easily blown about. 

Wink-a-pip, adj. imperfect. 

Local proverb : * A wink-a-pip blaow 

Gives apples enaow.' 

Wire, V. to make tendrils. * The 'ops is wierin^ ahl over the ground. 

Wires, n, the tendrils of the hop plant. 

Wise, V. to slip in or out. 'The lad wised out a the back door 



WEST WORCESTERSHIRE GLOSSARY. 35 

when 'e thowt as none on us sid *im.' * Er puk up the money, an 
wised it inta 'er pocket, that sly^ you'd a thaowt er'd stole it.' 

Wiflket, n, a strong open basket. Eay, N. C, Glossary. 

Withy, n. osier. 

Witty-tree, n. mountain-ash. 

Wobbling, selling beer, &c. without a license. Worcester Journal, 
May 3, 1879 : 'A case of wobbling against Elisha Allen came before 
the magistrates this morning.' Birmingham Post^ July 30, 1880 : 
* Case of wobbling.^ 

Woffle, v. to glide along swiftly. * Them traayns woffles along so as 
you '66dn't scahrsley believe it.* 

Wretch, n. an expression of endearment or sympathy. Pi'onounced 
wratch. Old woman to young master: *Aji' 'ow is the missis to- 
daay, poor wratch V 

Shakspere, Romeo and Juliet^ Act I. sc. iii. 1. 46: *The pretty 
wretch left crying, and said aye.' 

Othello, Act III. sc. iii. 1. 90: 'Excellent wretch! Perdition 
catch my soul, but I do love thee ! ' 

Wnm, w. home. Kidderminster weaver to his dog: 'Thee canna 
come along this time. Wum it, lad I ' Sometimes oaiim and woaiim 
are used. 

Yander, jprep. yonder. Workman to Ms wife, in tJie Hahherly Valley, 
June, 1880. *Come up that thahr bonk do! What's the good a 
settin' 'ere ? Why bless yu, from the other side o' yander, you cun 
see the Lard knows w'ahr ! ' 

Yarb, n. Herb. 

Yarby-tea, n. a decoction of herbs. 

Yat, n. gate. Prompt, Parv, 

Chaucer, Cant. Tales, Clerkes Tale, 957 : 

* But with glad cheere to the yate is went' 
Spenser, Shep. Cal. (May) : 

* When I am abroade, 
Sperre the yate fast for fear of fraud.* 

Yed, or Ynd, n. head. 

Yoe, n. a ewe. 

Yox, V. to cough, or spit up. * Our Polly swallow'd a pin, an* I thaowt 
'er'd a died sure-^>c, but 'er yoxed it up after a bit. 
Chaucer, Cant. Tales, Beeves Tale, 231 : 

* He yoxeth, and he speketh through the nose.' 
Ynm, n. hymn. 
Ynmbuk, n. hymnbook. 



D 2 



36 



ADDENDA. 



Bisty n. beast, applied solely to cattle. 

Brenth, n. Breadth. 

Bnmble-bee, n. the large field-bee. 

Bog-daisy, n. Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. Ox-eye daisy. 

False, adj, always used for deceitfuL 

Orip, n. a small gutter. Eay. 

Iwy, n. ivy. 

Like one o'clock = easily and quickly accomplished. 

Maid, (1) n. the wooden instrument used by laundresses, commonly 
known as a dolly, 

(2) V, to use the above. 

Maiding-tub, v, the tub in which clothes are maided. 

Mastie-dog, n. mastiff. 

Maythen, n. Matricaria Chamomillay wild chamomile. 

Moom, V. to make a low moaning noise. 

Notice, — to take notice of, is to pay attention. ' This gardener sims 
to tak' a dill more notice than tii' other 'un wuz use to do. The 
gardin looks a sight tidier now.' 

Oflf, prep, from. 

Oflf-'is-yud, — out of his mind. 

Pinner, n. pinafore. 

Pddn, V. to pound, or knock. 

Prong, n, a table fork. 

Padlock, n. a puddle. (Kidderminster.) 

Stank, V. to dam up a stream. Of. Skeat, stank under stagnate, 

Stddk, w. a handle of a cup, &c Cf. Stowk, Kay's N. C, Words, 
Housemaid : * Please, 'm, I took 'old o' the jug, an' the stook come 
off in my 'and.' (1882.) 

Tetchy, adj. fretful. See Skeat, under Tack. 

Think-on, v. to remember. 

Widder, v. to tremble, shiver, or totter. Cf. Whither, in A Bran 
New Wark, 



37 



LOCAL PROVERBS. 



SAYINGS RELATING TO THE SEASONS AND THE WEATHER. 

WJio in January sows oats 
Gets gold and groats. 

If St. Paxil be fine and clear^ 
It betides a happy year, 
But if it chance to snow or rain, 
Dear will be all sorts of grain. 

Much February snow 
A fine summer doth show. 

If February calends be summerly gay, 

Twill be winterly weather in the calends of May. 

To Si Valentine the spring is a neighbour. 

By Valentine's day every good goose should lay ; 
But by David and Chad both good and bad. 

In the (marter from which the wind blows on Candlemas day, it wiU 
remain till May. 

Muddy water in March, muddy water every month of the year. 

Never come March, never come winter. 

March rain spoils more than clothes. 

On David and Chad 
Sow peas good or bad. 

March is said to borrow ten days of April. 

If it thunder on All FooFs day. 

It brings good crops of grass and hay. 

If it rain on Good Friday or Easter Day, 

Twill be a good year of grass, but a sorrowful year of hay. 

A cold April the bam yrill fill. 

The April flood carries away the frog and his brood. 

A cold May is kind. 

Shear your sheep in May, and shear them all away. 

Mist in May and heat in June 
Will bring the harvest very soon. » 



38 LOCAL PROVERBS. 

Out thistles in May 
They grow in a day. 
Gut them in June 
That is too soon. 
Cut them in July 
Then they will die. 

Bain on the 8th of June foretells a wet hanrest 

The ouckoo is never heard before Tenbury fair (April 20), or after 
Pershore fair (July 26). 

Till James's day is come and gone, 

There may be hops, and there may be none. 

A sunny Clmstmas Day is a sign of incendiary fires. 

Better have a new-laid egg at Christmas than a calf at Easter. 

The winter's thunder is a rich man's death and a poor man's wonder. 

If the cock moult before the hen, 

We shall have winter through thick and thin ; 

But if the hen moult before the cock, 

We shall have winter as hard as a block. 

Hail brings frost in its tail. 

A dry summer never made a dear peck. 

Look for summer on the top of an oak tree. 

When elum leaves are as big as a £Eu:den, 
It's time to plant kidney beans in the garden. 

Or, 
When elum leaves are as big as a shillin*, 
Ifs time to plant kidney beans if you're willin'; 
When elum leaves are as big as a penny. 
You must plant kidney beans if you mean to have any. 

A good year of kidney beans, a good year of hopa 



39 



PROVERBS ON GENERAL SUBJECTS. 



If you are bom under a threepenny planet youll never be worth 
fonrpence (Swift's Polite Conversations), 

A lowing cow soon forgets her calf. 

The early bird gets the late one's breakfast. 

Solomon's wise, loath to go to bed, but ten times leather to rise. 

A nimble ninepence is better than a sleepy shilling. 

A wink-a-pip blow 
Brings apples enow. 

One mend-fault is worth twenty spy-faults. 

Twenty young, 
Thirty strong, 
Forty wit, 
Or never none. 

It's a poor hen that can't scrat for one chick. 

Dilly-dally brings night as soon as Hurry-scurry. 

It is proverbial that the Worcester ladies are 'Poor, proud, and 
pretty.' That the accusation of pride may be brought aeainst the 
Worcestershire people generally is proved bjr their saying that * Out's 
is the only county that can produce everytning necessary for its own 
consumption.' 

< It shines like Worcester against Gloucester' is a very old saying. 

A stone church, a wooden steeple, 
A drunken parson, a wicked people. 

is a proverb at Tibberton. 

Sell wheat and buy rye, 
Say the bells of Tenbury. 

All about Malvern Hill, 

A man may live as long as he will. 

When Bredon Hill puts on its hat, 
Te men of the vale, beware of that. 



WOROESTEESHIEE SONG. 



Come ahl you lads an' lasses, on' a story yim ahoU 'ear, 
Consamiii of the prottj gurls as liwoa in 'OSatetahfer: , 
Thar cheekB is like the roses, thaav be lovely, gaay, an' fir, 
An' thar is no gurls iu England, like the g^urls uv '6S3t«i«ttlr, 
Charm. — Thony be 'ansome, thaay be chamiin' (or comely), 

Thaav be lovely, gaay, anVSr, 

Au' the prettiest gurU iu England, 

Is the gurls uv 'OOsterahSr, 
Thniough BiigUnd, an' Ireland, an' Scotland I 'a bin. 
An' over tho Welsh mountains ■v'ux beauty I 'a sin ; 
But iiv ahl the lasaoa in tho world, I solemniy deelar, 
Thar'a none that tak's my fancy like the gurls nv 'OSst«Tsh^, 

O/iortd.— Thaay he, So. 
Thar'e Jano, an' Sail, an' lovely Ann, an' pretty Uaiy too, 
Tbar's Betsey, an' Amelia, au' bonny black-eyed Sue, 
Moria, an' Eliau, an' Kitty too so Kr. 
May 'appinesB attend the pretty gurla ut 'O&stersh^r. 

c/w«».— Thaay bo, Ac. 
Some can brow, and some can baake, an' some can spin an' eew. 
And soma can knit, an' Bome can siii^ while plaitin' uv ihar straw, 

CToriM.— Thaay be, Ac. 
Some can use tho fark an' roayk, an' some can drive the plough. 
An' Bomo eau sing like nigbtiugells while miikin' uv thar cow. 
An' some can ditnco the 'ampipe when thoay goes t« Parshur fir ; 
What 'ansome, charmin' ereotura are the gurla uv 'OostarsWr. 

Chortu. — Thoay be, &c 
Be'old the Parmer'a dahtors, with thar ring-ullets an' veils. 
An' a 'airy muff tied roun' thar uecks, jus' like a donkey's tail, 
Silk gloves, an' dandy rihbuns, to tie up thar lovely 'air ; 
What 'ansome, oharmin' creetiu-s are the gurla uv 'Oi^stersher. 

CAoriu.— TUaay ho, &o. 
You buxum blades uv England, if you wish to ohaingo yer life, 
Praay 'aaton into 'OSstershtr, an' choose yerself a wife; 
An' when yer jinod In wedloi:k'a band, a bumper fill sa clear. 
An' driuk a 'ealth to the charmin', bloomin' gni'Ie uv 'Oosterehdr. 

6'Aortw.— Thaay be, Sc. 

Note. — In speaking of thecountiea generally, a decided ompbaais is laid 
on tho I of thirt ; but iu this song, to suit tlie exigenaes of rhyme 
or rhythm, tho final syllable in each verse is ther. 



B. velvet band around thar pretty 'air; 
n never saw such lasses as the gurls uv 'O^stersb^r. 



A GLOSSARY 



OF 



HAMPSHIRE WORDS AND PHRASES. 



A GLOSSARY 



OF 



HAMPSHIRE WORDS AND PHRASES 



COMPILED AND EDITED 



BY 

I 



I 



THE REV. SIR WILLIAM H. COPE, Bart, 



LONDON : 
PUBLISHED FOR THE ENGLISH DIALECT SOCIETY 
BY TEUBNER & CO., LUDGATE HILL. 

1883. 



(LAT A3n> TATLOft, FBUTKBa. 



INTEODUCTION. 



A VERT long residence in Hampshire, and an acquaintance with 
its dialect, led me to consent to edit the following Glossary for the 
English Dialect Society. I had in the course of many years 
collected a number of words and phrases used by the people of 
North Hampshire. And I the more gladly give them an enduring 
record, because the use of them is fast disappearing. However great 
the advantages of the present advanced education of the middle and 
lower classes, the operation of National and Board Schools is fast 
effacing all distinctive language in the people of this county ; and, 
in another generation or two, it will probably disappear altogether. 
Already I have found the children of parents who speak among 
themselves the dialect of the county, ignorant of the meaning of 
words commonly used by their fathers. And even among the older 
people there is a growing disinclination, when speaking to educated 
persons, to use, what I may call, their vernacular dialect. So that 
when asked to repeat a word, they frequently — from a sort of false 
shame — substitute its English equivalent. And it is only perhaps 
my habit of being much with my workmen and cottagers, and fre- 
quently using their own words and names of things, that has enabled 
me often to overcome this shyness, and so to recover some words in 
this Glossary. 

The language or dialect of the counties which formed the king- 
dom of Wessex has in many respects great similarity. And of these 
the people of the district formed by West Sussex, Hampshire, and 
Wiltshire use many words in common. Hence in the following 
Glossary I have inserted many words from Mr. Durrant Cooper's 



VI INTRODUCTION. 

Glossary of Sussex Provincialisms} and from Mr. Akerman's WUl^ 
shire Glossary*^ which aro also in use in Hampshire. But the 
dialect of Hampshire contains a very large number of words which 
are peculiar to the county. And there are special forms and 
incidents in the dialect, some of which I may here note. 

The consonants in a word are frequently transposed, e, g, : — Aks 
/or ask; apern/or apron; aps /or aspen; claps /c>r clasp ; geart* /ar 
great ; haps for hasp ; waps for wasp, and many others.* 

In many words other consonants are substituted for those used 
in English, or are added, as : Ast for ask ; bruckle or brickie far 
brittle ; cast or casty for cask ; chimley far chimney ; pank for pant ; 
pasmets for parsnips ; sharf for shaft ; turmit for turnip ; tinkler 
for tinker ; warf /c^r warp, and others.*^ 

The article is frequently omitted. As * Be*est a gwine to vyer 1 ' 
for * Behest a going to the fair * ; * You'd best call at house, afore you 
leaves work,* /or 'At the house*; *He was up agin stable,'/or 'against 
(near to) the stable.' 

The old English plural in en is still heard among the old people. 
As * housen ; peasen ', &c. ; but it is not common. 

It is, however, almost universal to form the plural of words 
ending in sp or st in es. Thus the plural of waps is wapses ; 
of aps, apses ; of beast, bea5t(5s ; of ghost, ghostes ; of post, 
post6s, &c. 

In pronouns, the nominative is used for the inflected cases, as : 
• It be'ant no pleasure to t^e ' ; * What good '11 it do M;e ' 1 * Tm a 
gwine to put she to bed.' 

And conversely (strangely enough) the inflected case is often 
used for the nominative, as : * Shall ^is start at once 1 ' 

* A Glossary of Provincialisms in use in Sussex. By William 
Durrant Cooper. 1852. 

* A Glossary of Words, &c. in use in Wiltshire, By John George 
Akerman. 1842. 

' Pronounced as in learn. 

* Cf. A.S. dxian, dcsian, to ask; teps, an aspen tree ; M.E. elapsed, 
to cU«>: A.S. haepse, a hasp ; weeps, a wasp. — W. W. S. 

**nikel, brutal, biittlo (from different verbs). Pank, for 
fden.— W. W. S. 



INTRODUCTION. vji 

The possessive pronouns (when not [ireeeding Ihe suljstanlive) 
ive iho terminutioa in n; aa, hiten}' ourit, i/oum, Vteirn, 
The possessive pronoun, its, ia almost unknown in Hampshire. 
^ 1 have nevcx heard it used by the elder people. IIU or h'ncn 
mvariably takes its place. 

In verts the preterite is rerj often usoil instead of the participle 
I with the auxiliary verbs, as: 'He had no call to have went'; 'He was 
took had a Sunday ' ; ' They car])ets be'aut shook after all ' ; ' Ho was 
f drove to do it, poor chap ' ; 'He aiu't took any wages for a fortnight.' 
There is a saying that 'Everything in Hampshire is called he, 
' except a Tom-cat.' Ttiis is not strictly true. Tlie cat indeed, 
t ■whatever its eex, is always she ; but so is genemlly a wag^oa, and 
any sort of carriage, and invariably a saw. And I have heard a top- 
sawyer give to hia mate in the pit the somewhat strange direction ; 
drop o' water,' And an old sawyer, exhibiting the 
a pit-saw which had been destroyed in an accidental lire, 
I said : ' Tins be all that 's loft o' she' 

But with few eicoeptions everything in Hampshire is he, or, in 
e inflected cases, the provincial 'un. 

I have only now to acknowledge the assistance which lias been 
I given me in compiling this Glossary, atid some of the soutoea from 
I which it is derived. 

The Glossary contained in the work of Mr. J. E. "Wiso on tha 

[ Kew Forest lias furnished a complete list of words used in that 

part of tlio county; and bia copious and valuiible MS. notes on the 

I Glossaries of Aketiimn and Cooper have been of great assistance in 

the compilation of this Glossary. The words contributed by Mr. 

I "Wise have his name, or the liitter 'W, affixed. 

A JIS. Glossary by the late Sir Frederick lladJon, which was 
I sold with hb MSS. after his deatb, though not so full as I should 
I have expected from his connection with and interest in the county, 
[ has supplied the words marked F. M. 

A very extensive JIS. Glossary, drawn up by the lato Colonel 

> I do not remember to have heard htrn, but I have no doubt that 



VIU INTBODUCnON. 

JoUiffe, of the Eoyal Marine Light Infantry, was submitted to me. 
This contained a large number of words which certainly had no rela- 
tion to the dialect of the county. But from it I extracted many 
words and phrases in use in South Hampshire. These are marked J. 

The names of plants have been supplied by Mr. John Britten. 
His contributions are marked J. B. 

Of the published sources from which words in the following 
Glossary have been derived, that by Edward Lisle, of Crux Easton, 
on the North- Western border of the county, is interesting, as being, 
I believe, the first attempt to record and preserve the Hampshire 
Dialect To the octavo edition of his Obseroations on JIusbandrt/f 
published in 1757, is appended a Glossary of Hampshire Words ; and 
the body of the work contains several terms used in agriculture in 
the county, which he has not noted in Lis Glossary. In the lapse of 
more than a century and a quarter, some of the words noted by 
him have become rare. The words derived from his book, are 
distinguished by his name — Lisle, 

The other published authorities are quoted in full; and are 
enumerated in the bibliographical Hst subjoined to this introduction. 

I have inserted the words of (what may be called) the language 
of St. Mary's College, Winchester. Tliis may, indeed, be said not to 
be Hampshire Dialect ; but the school has been now close upon five 
centuries connected with the county, and situated in it; it was 
founded by a Hampshire man; and the school language has been 
formed in the county. All these facts seem to give it a claim to 
have its words inserted in any Glossary professing to contain all 
Hampshire words. 

The late Charles Kingsley, in the interest which he took in 
everything relating to his people at Ever^ley, had paid much atten- 
tion to their dialect. And he not only gave me many words, but 
had often conversed with me on the dialect generally. 

Mr. Frederick Marshall's intimate acquaintance with the people 
of Eversley and its neighbourhood has enabled him to supply me 
with many words not previously known to me ; and he has kindly 
helped me to the exact definition of words and phrases of whose 
meaning I was doubtful. 



INTRODDCnON. Ut 

For tho words marked N. H. (Sorth Hants), or with luy initials, 

am lesjjonaible ; as I am for all notes or remnrks to which no iniLiiiU 

are appended. I believe that all the examples illustroling words 

L xeconled b^me are such as 1 have heard actually used as here noted. 

To the Eeverfend W. W. Skeat, Professor of Anglo-Saxon in the 

I University o( Cambridso, at whoso suggestion I undertook to edit 

this Glossary, I am indebted not only for furnishing mc with a large 

portion of the material, but, above all, for perusing the proofs, and 

for many valuable suggestions wliich his superior philological know- 

' ledge enabled him to give me. 

■\VlLUiM II. COPB. 
BramiklU, 1SS3. 



I append two published specimens of the Hampshire Dialect. 
A letter to the Editor cf the Times, from a poor man at Andover, 
I on the Union Workhouse.^ 

B, — Hunger, as I've heerd say, breaks through Stone WaUs ; but 

yet I shoudn't have thought of lotting you know about my poor 

I Missus's death, but all my neibours say tell it out, and it can't do you 

harm and may do others good, specially as Parliament is io meet 

)on, when tho gentlefoke will be talking about the working foke. 

I be but a farmer's working man, and was married to my Missus 26 

years agone, and have three Childem living with me, one 10, another 7, 

and t'other 3. I be subject to bad rumati^, and never earns no more, as 

you may judge, than to pay rent and keep our IkxIios and souls 

together when we be all well. I was tended by Mr. Westlake when he 

was Union Doctor, but when the Guardians turned him out it was a 

bad job for all tho Poor, and a precious bad job for mo and mine. 

Mr, Payne, when he come to be our Union Doctor, tended upon 

me up ia almost the end of last April, but when I send up to tho Union 

House as usual, Mr. Broad, the Relieving Officer, send buck word 

there was nothing for me, and Mr. Payne wodnt come no mors. I 

B too bad to work, and had not Vittals for me, the Missus, and tho 

I young ones, so I was forced to sell off the Bed, Bedstead, and furniture 

I of tho young ones, to by Tittals with, and then I and Missus and the 

I young onoR had only one bod for all of us. tlissus was very bad, to, 

heu, but as we knowd twere no use to ask the Union for noUiink cept 

te'd all go into the Workhouse, and which Missus couldn't a bear, as 

I she'd bin parted from the childorn, aho sends dotin to tell Mr. Weatlaka 

' naUiwfU't DiHionari/. vol. i. p. xviii. 



X INTRODUCTION. 

how bad we was a doing off, and lie comes to us directly, and tends 
upon us out of charity, and gives Missus Mutton and things, which he 
said, and we knoVd too well, she wanted of, and he gives this out of 
his own Pocket. 

Missus complaint growd upon her and she got So very bad, and Mr. 
Westlake says to us, I do think the guardians wouldn't let your wife 
lay there and starve, but would do something for you if they knowd 
how bad you wanted thiugs, and so, says he, I'll give you a Sortificato 
for some Mutton and things, and you take it to Mr. Broad, the roleving 
officer. Well, I does this, and he tells me that hed give it to the 
guardians and let me know what they said. I sees him again, and O, 
says he, I gived that Serti£cate to the guardians, but they chucked it a 
one side and said they wouldnt tend to no such thing, nor give you 
nothing, not even if Missus was dying, if you has anything to do with 
Mr. Westlake, as they had turned him off. 

I told my Missus this, and then says she we [must try to get their 
Union Doctor, Mr. Payne, as we can't go on for ever taking things 
from Mr. Westlake's Pocket, and he turned out of Place, and so good 
to many poor folks besides us. So we gets Mr. Payne after a bit to 
come down ; and he says to Missus you're very bad, and I shall order 
the Union to send you Mutton and other things. Next Week Mr. 
Payne calls again, and asks Missus did she have the things he'd 
ordered for her to have? She says I've had a shillings worth of 
Mutton, Sir. Why, says he, you wants other things besides Mutton, 
and I ordered them for you in the Union Book, and you ought to have 
them in your bad state. This goes on for 5 or 6 weeks, only a shillings 
worth of Mutton a Week being allowed her, and then one Week a 
little Gin was allowed, and after that as Missus couldnt get out of bed 
a Woman was sent to nurse and help her. 

I didnt ask Mr. Payne to order these ere things, tho' bad enof God 
knows they was wanted ; but in the first week in last November I was 
served with a summons to tend afore our Mayor and Justices under the 
Yagrance Act; I think they said twas cause I had not found these 
things for Missus myself ; but the Union Doctor had ordered 'em of the 
Guardians on his sponsibility. Well, I attends afore the Justices, and 
there was nothing against me, and so they puts it off, and orders me to 
tend afore 'em again next week, which I does, and then there wasnt enof 
for 'em to send me to Gaol, as the Guardians wanted, for a Month, and 
they puts it off again for another Week, and says I must come afore 'em 
again, and which I does ; and they tells me theres nothing proved, that 
I could aford to pay for the things, and I mite go about my business. 

I just loses three days' work, or pretty handy, by this, and that 
made bad a good bit worse. Next Day Mr. Payne comes again, and 
Missus was so outdaceous bad, she says cant you give me something to 
do me good and ease me a bit ; says Mr. Payne, I dont see you be 
much worse. Yes, I be, says Missus, and I wish you'd be so good as 



DiTRODUCTlOS. SI 

to let me send for Mr, 'Westliike, as I thuika lio knows wiat'd mako me 
easier, and cure tho had pains I do snffur, Mr. Payne abuaed my Poor 
Missus, and dared her to do onything of that sort, and bo wo WL>ro 
feitrod to do it, lest I should bo pulled up again afore tho Juaticea, and 
lose more days work, and perhaps get seat to Gaol. Eight days after 
this Mr. Payno never having come nist us. and the Union having lowd 
us nothing at all, my poor Misaus dies, and dies from wact, and in 
Qg;oDics of pain, and as bad off aa if sked been a Suvage, for she could 
only have died of waut of them things vhick she wanted and 1 couldut 
buy if sbe'd been in a foreign land, were there [be] no Pai'sons, and 
People aa Pre hoard tell bo treated aa bad as doga. 

Years agone, if any body had been half so bad aa my Missus, ond 
nobody else would have tended to her, there'd been tie clorgymau of 
the pariah, at all events, who'd have prayed with hor, and seen too 
that she didu't die of starvation, but our Parson is in favour of this 
liere new Law, ond aa he gets £60 a year from the Gruardiune, he amt 
a going to quarrel witk hi.s Bread and Cheese for the likes of vo, and 
so he didn't come to ua. Altho' he muut have knowed how ill Missus 
waa; and she, pour creature, weut out of this here world witliout any 
Spiritual conailation wLutaomever from the Poor Man's Churcli. 

We'd but one bed as I've lulled you, and only one Bedroom, and it 

[ van very bad to be all in tho same £oom and Bed with poor Missus 
ftfter she wore dead ; nad aa I'd no money to pay for a Coffin, I goes to 
Mr, Broad, then to Mr. Mujer, one of the OudrJiana, and then to the 
OTerseers, and axes all of 'cm to find a CoQin, but 'twere no use, and so, 
not knowing what in the World to do, off I goes to tell Mr. Westlake 

I of it, and he was eoon down at tho House, and blamed me much for 
not letting he know afore Misaus died, and finding we'd no food uor fiiv, 

I nottiiog for a shrowd cept we uould wash up aomething, and that we'd 
o Boap to do that with, ho gives us aomething to get these ere tilings, 

I and tells mo to go again t:! the Roloviug Officer and t'othera and try 
ind get a Coffin, and to tell 'uu Missus ought to be burried iis soon aa 

L iwssdblo, else 'twould mako na all ill. This I does, as afore, but get 
Uotliing, and then Mr. Woatlako give me an order where to get a 
Coffin, and if he had nut Btood a friend to me and mine, I can't think 
what would have become of 'om, as twos sad at Nights to ppo tlio jioor 
little things pretty nigh break their hearts when they seed their poor 

) dead mother by thuir side upon the Ued, 

My troubles wasnt to end even here, for strang to toll the Registrer 

' for Dofttha for this District dont live in this tho largest Parish with 
about 5000 inhabitants, but at a little Villoge of not more than 400 
Peoplo and 5 Miles off, so I bad to walk there and back 10 miles, 
vhich ia very hard upon na poor folk, and what is worse when I gi>t 

, there the Bo^istrer wasnt up : and when he got np he wouldnt tend to 
a afore bed bad bis breakfast, and it seemed as 'twas a very long 
timo for a poor chap like me to be kept a waiting, whilst a man who is 



XU INTRODUCTION. 

« 

paid for doing what I wanted won't do such little work as tliat afore 
hese made hisself comfortable, tho* I tolled him bow bad I wanted to 
get back, and that I should loose a Day by his keeping me awaiting 
about. 

That this is mostly the fault of the Guardians rather than anybody 
else is my firm belief, tho' if Mr. Payne had done his duty hed a been 
with Missus many times afore she died and not have left her as he did, 
when he knowed she was so bad, and hed a made 'un give her what she 
wanted; but then he must do, he says, just what the Guardians 
wishes, and that amt to attend much on the Poor, and the Beleving 
Officer is docked if what he gives by even the Doctors orders amt 
proved of by the Guardians aterward, and he had to pay for the little 
Gin the Doctor ordered out of his own Pocket, and, as the Newspaper 
says, for the Nurse, as this was put in our Paper by Pm sure I don't 
know who, but I believes tis true, last week. And now. Sir, I shall 
leave it to you to judge whether the Poor can be treated any where so 
bad as they be in the Andovor Union. 

This is a fair specimen of the dialect; but is written by an 
educated person, whether the actual pauper or his representative. 
He occasionally strays into English mlich above the comprehension 
of a Hampshire labourer. * Spiritual consolation ' would certainly 
not convey to the mind of such a one the meaning intended by the 
writer. 'Consolation' is a word, I believe, not understanded by 
Hampshire folk, at least, in the sense here used. And if they were 
told the Parson was * spiritual/ they would think ho was * angry.' 

a voice from hampshire on the fat cattle show.^ 

• Mr. Punch, Ztjr, 

*If you plase, zur, I bo a Hampshire Varmer. I 
writes to you cause I knows you wunt mind my not beeun a scoUurd, 
and ool excuse bad spcUun and all that. Lookun over the peeaper 
'tother market day at Winchester, I zee a count o' the Prize Cattlo 
Show up in Lunnun. I wanted to know what a sod about the pigs ; 
whose they was and where they come vrom. I vound as how as there 
wam't a zingle hog vrom Hampshire among the lot. You knows that, 
I dare zay, as well as I do ; and very like you be astonished at it, 
zummut. Tell 'ee how 'tis, Zur. We volks in Hampshire breeds pigs 
as pigs ought to be, and dwoant goo vattenun on em up till they can't 
wag. We sez pork ought to have lane as well as fat, and we likes our 

» From Punch, vol. ix., p. 264 (1845). 



INTRODUCTION. XUl 

bihaacon strakey. Zame wi' cattle. Whore's the sense or razon o' 
stufEun and crammun a hox till a beant yeable to zee out o' his eyes ? 
What is the use o* all that ere fat, I wants to know ? Who is there as 
ates it? The ile-cake, turmuts, manglewurzle, and cabbidge as is 
wasted in makun one buUick a monster, ood goo to keep dree or your 
fine hoxen in good condishn. Why, zur, they med just as well fat up 
stags and hares and rabbuts, ay, and pheasants and paatridges, yor the 
matter o* thai 

*Tell 'ee what, Meaater Punch, if, 'stead o* ylingun away good 
provender to turn homed animals into Danul Lamberts, they was to 
bestow bread, and mate, and turmuts on Christians, and make zome o* 
them a little fatter than they be, they'd do more good a precious zight ; 
and I'm bound you be o' the zame opinion. 

* I be, Zur, your bajient Zarvent, 

*JoHN Grouts.' 

This is written by a person thoroughly conversant with the 
dialect; and perfectly illustrates the manner • of speech of the 
people. 



BIBUOGEAPHICAL LIST. 

1. Observations on Husbandry. By Edward Lisle, of Cmz 
Easton. 2 vols. 8vo. London, 1757. 

At the end is a Glossary of Hampshire Words. There is an 
Edition in one vol. 4to. published in the same year, which does not 
contain the Glossary. 

2. Hampshire. MS. List of Words used iu the neighbourhood of 
Alresford, Hants. By Rev. B. Belcher. See Phil, Soc, Trans. 
1845, ii. 109. 

On application to the Secretary of the Philological Society, it 
appears that this collection has long been lost, 

3. School-life at Winchester College ; with a Glossary of Words, &c., 
peculiar to Winchester College. By R B. M[^8PIKLd]. Cr. 
8vo., pp. 243, 2nd ed. London, J. C. Hotten, 1870. 

[The Glossary contains a few words that are really provincial, 
the rest being school slang.] ' 

1 Quoted as Winch. 8eh. 01. 



XIV INTRODUCTION. 

4. * The New Forest ; its History and its Scenery. By J. R Wise. 
4to., pp. viii. and 336. London, Smith, Elder, and Co., 1871. 

There is a Glossary of words used in the New Forest at pp. 279 — 
288 ; and other proyincial words occur in the text. The publLshersf 
have kindly given leave to the £. D. S. to reprint these in the 
Glossary of Hampshire Words which is being prepared for the 
Society by the Eev. W. W. Skeat.* 

5. A List of Hampshire words was printed at pp. 37, 38 of voL iv. 
of Warner's Collections for IIumj)dhire. 6 vols, 4 to. London. 
1795. 

These are simply collected and copied from Grose's Provincial 
Glossary. 

A List of Hampshire Words was also printed at p. 481 of 
Wheeler's Hampshire Magazine for 1828. After considerable 
trouble, it was discovered to be the very same list. 

At p. 137 of the same Magazine is a Dialogue between a lawyer 
and his client. The client's talk is perhaps intended to represent 
the Hampshire dialect; but it is short and not remarkable. See 
also Notes and Queries, 1st Ser., voL x. pp. 120 and 206; 2nd Ser. 
xiL 493 ; 3rd Ser. i. 66. 

6. * MS. Glossary of Hampshire Words. By Sir F. Madden. 

This autograph MS. has been purchased for the E. D. S., and 
has been transcribed for press by the Rev. W. W. Skeat. 

7. * MS. Glossary of Words used in the Isle of Wight. To ho 

edited, with additions, by C. Eoach Smith, Esq. (brother of the 

compiler), for the E. D. S. 

[N.B. — This has since been published by the E. D. S. as 
Glossary C. 23, in 1881.] 

8. Wykeharaica. A History of Winchester College and its Com- 
moners, from the foundation to the present day. By H. C. 
Adams. 8vo. Oxford. 1878. 

Contains a Glossary of School Words. 

Nos. 2 — 7 are from the * Bibliographical List ' published by 
^e E. D. S. in 1873, and marked as A. 1. among the Society's 
publications. 
An asterisk is prefixed to such books of reference as are of admitted 
utility. 

* Professor Skeat's collections are included in the present Glossary. 



HAMPSHIRE WORDS AND PHRASES. 



HAMPSHIRE GLOSSARY. 



Abear [n'baiT], v. to put up with, endure. N. and Q. Ist Ser. x. 
401. 

Abed [u'bed-], in bed— S. 

Abele-tree [u'beeHree], sb, Populus alba. Holloway's Dicitonary, 
T. B. 



Abide [u'bei'd], v, to put up with, endure; the same as abear, 
N, and Q. let Ser. x. 401. 

Abin [u'bin*]. Because. 

See BecoUedion$ of the Vine Hunt, privately printed [By the Bey. 
S. E. Austen-Leigh], p. 19 and note. 

About [u'bou't], ado, very, extremely. Ex. ' She'war just about 
mad.' ' It war just about cold.' It is used to intensify a statement. 

Abouten [u'bou'tn], prep, about, near to. — Cooper. 

Abroad [u'brau-d], adv. scattered. — J. 

Abs [abs], adj. ' simply an abbreviation of *' absent " written against 
a defiEiulter's name. Abs (more recently) is used with a verb, ** get 
aba/* ♦. c ** get away." ' — ^Adams' Wykehamica, p. 416. 

Account [u'kou'nt]. See 'Count. 

Adapted [u'dap-tud], adj. accustomed to, versed in, experienced. 
Ex. < A man adavUd to pigs,' i. e. experienced in the breeding and 
care of swina — N. H. 

Adder's-Fem [ad'urs veem], ab. the common polypody, polypodium 
vtUgare; so called from its rows of bright sporea — ^Wise, New Forest, 

Addle [ad'l], adj. stupid. — J. 

Adin [u'din*], prep, within. — Cooper, 

A done [u'dun*], imp. (for 'have done/ a command or request to 
leave off).— J. 

Adry [u'drei-], adj. thirsty. — 'S. H. 

B 



2 HAMPSHIRE GLOSSARY. 

Afeard [u'fee'rd], pp. as adj. afraid. — F. M. 

Afore [u'foa-r], before. *Ak. often pronounced 'avore' [uvoar*]. — 

After-math [aftiir-maath], sb. a later crop of grass; called also 
Lsttermstn, q, v, — *Ak. 

After-sliear [aft-ur-sheer], sb. the after-math, or latter crop of grass. — 
Wise, New Forest. 

Agape [u'gai'p], adv, surprised, wondering. * He was all agape.' — 
N. H. 

Agg [ag], V. to cut clumsily ; to hack. * Ak. 

Agin [u'gin*], prep, against — Cooper. 

Agister [u'jist-ur], sb. — Wise, New Forest, ip. 190. 

Agistment [u'jist-ment], sb. — ^Wise, New Forest, p. 190. 

Agoggle fu'gog'l], adv. shaking, trembling, palsied. ' His head is 
all agoggle,* t. e. of a person paralyzed. — N. H. 

Agone [u'gau'n], adv. ago, since. Ex. * Ten years agone.* — J. 

Agreeable [u'gree*ubl]i adj. acquiescent, consenting (to a thing). 
Ex. *rm agreeable^' I consent. — Cooper; Wise. 

A-hoh [u'hoa*], adv. on one side $ generally ' all Orhoh,* all on one 
side. — ^♦Ak. Ex. * A load of com all-a-hoh.* — Wise. 

In North Hampshire it is used also of a person — upset, anxious, 
vexed. Ex. ' He was quite a-hoh because a shower come on, he 
thought 'ud spoil his hay.' — ^W. H. C. 

Aich-bone [ai*ch-boan], sb. part of a rump of beef ; commonly called 
edge-bone. — Cooper. 

Ails [ailz], sb. beards of barley. — J. 

AirsTairz] sb. pi. ash saplings. — W. F. Rose. 

But see 'heirs,' which is uniyereally applied to young trees in 
Hampshire. 

Aish [aish], «&. '"stubble. — Grose; Warner; F. M. A mispronun- 
ciation for Erish, which see. 

Akering-time [ai-kurin-teim], sb. the autumn, when acorns fall, and 
are gathered.— N. H. 

Akermast [ai'kurmaast], sb. the fruit of the oak. 

Aker [^ai-kur], v. to gather acorns. Ex. ' The children be all gone 
akertng.* 

Akers [ai-kurs], sb. pi. acorns. — N". H. 

Akse [aks], v. to ask. *Ak. ; N. and Q. 1st ser. x. 401. 

AU-a-hoh. See A-hoh. 

Alley [al'i], sb. a taw, not made of baked clay or grey stone, as 
common marbles are, but of alabaster, or what is supposed to be so ; 
and henoe its name. Brockettj Forby ; F. M. 



SAUP8HIRE QLOSSABY. 3 

'Allgood [aulgooJ] gb. Chenopodium Danug-Henric.\t3. — J. B. 
All-holland cakes [uul-hol'imd-kaiks], ih. pi. for All-hallows. Cakea 

crioil ubout on All-Suinta daj-, — J. 
All-m-a-chnrm. See Chnrm. 
All-ina-maddle. See Huddle. 
Allow[iilou],f. (1 ) To think, suppose, consider. 'If you ask a peasant 

how tar it la to any pluoo, his answer ueariy invariahly is, " 1 iiHoio it 

to he so far." '—Wise, New Forent. 

■ (2) To admit, concede, assent to. As if you state anything to thom, 

■ they oaawor, ' I allow that.'— N. H. 
Alliu [au'luj;], ajo. always. *Ak. 
Amott [iirawoa'st], ado. almost, 'Ak. 

Amper [nmp'nrl, eh. a tumour or swelling ; a flaw in a woollen eloth. 

— Cooper, Also, matter in a tumour ; as, ' prick it, tav' let th' amper 

out,' — ^Wise, 
Ampery [amp-uri], aif/. heginning to decay; especially applied to 

cheese; woak, unhealthy, — Cooper. 
An [an], /ircp. if. Ex. ' An I were hack, I'll pay you,' — J. 
Anchor [ank-ur] »6. the chape of a buckle. *Ak. 
Aneust [u'neu'st], adv. nigh, almost, near at hand. — Cooper. Much 

thu eame. •At. 
AngraiBb [an'gwish], tb. inflammation. Of horses it is said, ' If wo 

foment it, it'll take the anguith out of it.'— N. U. 
Aniffli [u'nei^], adv. near to. — J. 
Anighst [u'uei'st], prep, near to. 'Ak. 

Anont, AjilUtt [u'nont', a'uuut'], prep, against, opposite, *Ak. 
Aiiy-when [eni-wen], ado. at any time. — J. 
Apaat [u'paat"], adv. or prep, past, after, hejoiid. *Ak. 
Apen [ai-pum], sb. apron, S*« Yapern. I 

_ A.pple-pie [apd-pei], sb. Epiloblum hirsulum. — N. H. 

9 [aps], sb. the aspen-tree. — Cooi>er, Ex. ' made out of ojwe,' 
!. made of aspen wcM>d. — Wise, The Ahele-treo. — N. H. 
EArchet [onrch-ut], sb. an orchard. *Ak, 
Argufy [aar-goufei], v. to argue, prove, have weight as on argument 

— Cooper. 
Arra^ne [ar'u'wun'] e'er a one, ever a one. *Ak. 
Arris [arizj, tb. the shnrp rectangular edge of a piece of wood or 

stone, which is generoUy shaved off to prevent splintoring or chipping. 

Ex, ' I'd better take the an-it oft ut.'— N. U. 



ae [haoKs], 
if taehingi 



3b. (I) Tlie upright part of a field-gale to which the eyot 



4 HAMPSHIRE GLOSSARY. 

(2) The bottom of a post ; the part which is fixed in the ground. — 
N. H. 

Arter [aa*tur], prep, after. — Cooper. 

Asprawl [u'spraul], ado» in a sprawling posture. 'He fell all 
cuprawV — N. H. 

Afit [aast*], V, to aak. Ex. 'He ast me to come.' 'Ill ast 'un 
todo't'^ 

Astonr [u'stoo'r], adv. as it were. — K H. 

Aihin [u'dhin*], prep, within. *Ak. 

Athout [vL*dhou't], prep, without. *Ak. 

Athnrt [u'thurt-] prep, or adv. athwart *Ak. 

Attery [at'uri], adj. irascible, choleric. *Ak. Kot common in 
Hants. — ^Wise. Unknown in North Hants. — ^W. H. 0. 

Atwo [u^too'lf prep, divided, separated. *Ak. 

Auver-drow [au'vur-droa], v, to overthrow, to upset. *Ak. Ex. 
• I auverdrow^d my locui,' i, e. upset my load. —Wise. 

Aveard. West Hants. — Wise. See Afeard. 

Axon [aksTi], sb. pi. ashes. — Grose ; F. M. ; ♦Ak. 



BachelorVbnttoiui [bach*elurz-bntiLz], eh. the wild scabious. *Ak. 
Scahiosa 9tiec%s<i, 

Backside [bak'seid], sb. the back yard or back court of a house. 
*Ak. 

Bftoksword [bak'soard], sb, the game of singlestick. *Ak. Not 
very general in Hants. — W. H. 0. 

Back np [bak-up], v. to vent any opinion, or retort energetically — ' 
generally in support of one's friend or party. — ^Adams* Wyke?uimica^ 
p. 416. 

Baoon-rack [bai-kun-rak], sb. a railed frame fitted to the ceiling of a 
kitchen, or cottage, on which bacon is stored. — N. H. 

Bacon-silt [bai*kun-silt], sb. a trough in which bacon is salted. 

Badger-pied [baj-ur-peid], acf;. sandy-coloured; applied to the tamo 
boars foimd m the NewTorest.— Wise, New Forest, p. 259. 

Bag [bag], sb. the udder of a cow. ♦At 

Bail [bail], sb. (1) a hanging bar to divide horses in a stable. 
(2) The semicircular handle of a bucket or pot.— N. H. 

Bally [bail-i], sb. a bailiff on a farm.- 



Bait [bait], v. to mend or light a fire ; cf. Sc. beet. — Wise, New 
Fijteit, p. 192. See Beet. 



HA.MPSHIKE GLOSSARY. 



fiaker [bai'liiir], > 



Motting-liook) 



J, Kb. ftnything (suub as a cunliion n 
placod on B furin to sit apon. — Winch. Sch. Gloa, Aiiythiug I'omfort- 
able to eit on (from tho presumed comfortaLle warmth of a bake- 
house). — Adams' iVyktkamica, p. 416. 



Ballyrag [bal-irag], 
laiiguaga^N. H. 



a. and n. to abuse, to i 



Bang [bang], i'. (1) To beat. Ex. 'I jiist about Jid hang 'un,' — J. 
(2) To puzzle, to ovcrcomo. Ex. 'That 60113) mo.' 

BangieB [banj'iz], eb. pi. drab trousers ; so called from Bangy, q. t, 
— nVneA. Sch. 01. 

fiangy [banj-i], »b. brown pugnr. — Winch. Sch. Gl. From Banga- 
lore, A coarse-HUgar growing eountry. Adams' Wykihnmica^ p. 41. 

Baoney, Bannii. Banticle, B&imistickle piani, banis, buntikl, 
ban'istikl], sb. the fish uill(>d the stickle- back, A.S. idn, bone, and 
tlicei, a ebiig. 'Ak. 

Bamuck [banik], t>. to beat 01 tbrasb.— Cooper. 

Bargan [baag'un], ah. (1) A yard; aa a rick bargixn, a rick-yatd. 

(2) A small propertj,' a houso and garden; a small piece of land. 
— N. H. 

Barley-bird [baali-burd], s6. tho Eays wngtail ; MotociUa cmnpestrU, 
Pall. Known in the Now Forest an tho IxiTleii-liinl, as it oppcare 
about the time the barley is sown. — Wise, Ntta Fwcst, p. 310. 

Barm [Jiania], fh. ycaat. *Ak. This word is cotnnion in Hants ; 
the is, gilt \~ yeast] pronounced in Hampshire ytet, is used as 
wolL See Baum. 

BartDD [bnnTtnl, «6. a farm-yard. — Wise, Nnc Forest, p. 166. Mr. 

Baruea given the derivation ot the first Byllahlo from A.S, bfor. a 

grange, not from A.S. hert, hurley, as in Akerman ; but tho A.S. fceor 

seenia to lack authority. 
Base [bflia], sh. a sca-percb.^ — Grose ; F. SI. 
Ba«ket Tern [baas -kit- veeum], »b. Lattrea Filix-was. 
is'kit-forcbun], sb. 
iage-portion.- 
Baste [hais,t], v. To beat or thrash.— N. II. To beat ivilh a 

stick. Ex. ■ Jim was terribly latted at the fair.'— J, Cf IceL Rtyita, 

Bat [bat], ah. a drag to a carriage or waggon. Also called a ih-ug- 
hat.-Wise. 



Basket-fortune [hnn 
believed, of a giil's 



diilling.— "ICincA. Sth. 01. 
a [baum], th. barra, yeast. N. 
spelt hwm.) See £arro. 



iVL-ckly allowanc 
ml Q. 1st Ser. x. 401. (Thcr 



( 



6 HAMPSHIRE QLOSSART. 

Bavin [bavin], «&. a bundle of tbe lop of a tree. See Barnes. Ex. 
* Not a faggot, only a havin^' — ^Wise. But the word fage;ot is unknown 
in North Hants; all bundles of lop or underwood being called 
bavins, — W. H. 0. 

Bay [bai], sb. (1) A division of a bam. — ^Wise. 
(2) A bason (rare). — ^Wise. 

Bead-bind [beed-beindj, sb. the black bryony {Tamus niger), — "Wise. 
See Bedwine. 

Bed-f^ze [bed-fuz], ab, Ulex nanus, — J. B. 

Bed-8teddle [bed-stedl], sb. a bed-stead. — J. 

Bedwine [bed'wein], ab. Clematis Vitalba, and Polygonum Con- 
volvulus, — Dr. Bromfield's MS8. — J. B. Qusere, Bedwind $ 

Beechmast [beechmaa'st],«6. the fruit of Fagus sylvatica, — HoUoway's 
Dictionary. — J. B. ; Com. 

Bee-hake, Bee-hackle [bee haik, bee hak'l], «&. a cap of straw placed 
over a * bee-pot' to protect it from wet. — Wise, New Forest^ p. 184. 

Bee-pot [bee-pot], sb, a bee-hive. — ^Wise, New Forest, p. 184. 

Beest [bee'u'st], v. 2nd p. 8, present, (thou) art. — N. H. *Ak. gives 
. the pronunciation Bist. 

Beeswazers [beezwak'zurz], sb, pi, thicklaced boots. — Winch, Sch, 
Ql, 

make 
observes Mr. 
Bosworth,'*it signifies to mend or repair a fire.* •Ak. In the New 
Forest pronoimced bait, — Wise. See Bait. 

Beevers [bee'vurz], sb, pJ, a portion of broad and allowance of beer 
laid out in (Winchester School) hall at Beever-time, a. v. ; from the 
Fr. boire [Old Fr. boivre^ beivre]. — Winch. Sch. 01, Obviously from 
the Italian *bevere,' whence our * beverage.* — Adams* Wykehamica, 
p. 417. 

Beever-time [bee*vur teim], sh, a quarter of an hour's relaxation 
allowed to the (Winchester) boys in the middle of afternoon school in 
summer, to give them an opportunity of disposing of beevers, q. v. 
--Winch, Sch, GL 

Behither [be-hidh'ur], adv, and prep, on this side ; on this side of. — 
Cooper. 

Be how *t will [bee hou twil], phrase. Let the consequence be 
what it may. — J» 

Bell Heath [bel-heth], sb. Enca Tetralix,'-Z , B. 

Bellis, Billis [beluz, bil'uz], sb. pi, bellows. — J. 

Bellock [bel'uk], v. to cry out or roar when beaten or frightened ; a 
corruption of bellow. ♦Ak. Ex. * To bellock like a bull.* — Wise. 

Bellocking [bel-uking], sb. the bellowing or lowing of a cow. — Wise, 
New Forest, p. 186, 



Beet [beet], 't;. to replenish fire with fuel. A.S. bitan, to 
better, improve, restore. * When joined with/yr (fire),' observ 



HAMPSHIRE GLOSSAEY. 



Beta 
I 2en1 



BennetB, [ben'its], sb. jil. Lents, bent-grass. —Wise. Spiry grass 
ning to sood. — Lisla. 

[baintl, present tense. Be not. It 

e for tho praaent of the v. to be, ■when 

Bwyno,' ' I am not going.' ' Ha ben't no uw 

brn't cold, be ye ?' ' They ben't come yet." 



always used in Ilarap- 

[fitiTe. Ex. 'I ben't a. 
ben'l tired.' ' You 



1 North Hants. 






Berrin [berT'in], gh. a burying, a funeral. — J. 

Besom [bez-um], sh. a broom. — F. M. A birch broom,— 'Ak. A 

broom marlo of heath.— N. H. 
Besvin', Beiwind [bea-wcin, bes-weintl], sb. Convolmihis Major. — 

Wise. 
Bethwise [bethwcin]. See Bedwine. 
Bettermost [bet'urmust], eoinp'ir. wlj. much the best. — jV. nnd Q, 

1st Ser. K. 401. Cooper esplains it by ' Biiporior, ominont,' —The 

better of two or more objects. — N. 11. 
Betwit [be-twit-], ti. to taunt, upbraid. 'Ak. 
Bengle, Bewgle. See Bogle. 
Bibble [bib-!], V. to tipple. •At 

Bibbler [bih'lur], *S. corruption of bibber, a ti|>jilcr. "Ak. 
Biddy [bid-i], eb. a hen.— K H. A cbi«k.— J. 
Bide [beid], v. n. (1) To dwell, live ; aa, ' where I do bide' i. e. where 

I live. 'Ak. 

(2) To stay, i 

(3) To be pop 



N. ] 



tig'bee [big-bee], gb. a drone. — Wise, Nrw Foimt, p. 184. 
Bightle [bt'it-1], «/., a lai^o wooden mallet. — N. H. 
Bill [hU], Bb. a hiU-hook. "Ak. 
Bill brighters [bU-breit-ura], «6. pi small faggots. — Adnms' Wi/L-e- 

yiamira, p. 417. 
Billet [bilit], xb. a bondla Ex. ' A billet of reeds.' 
Bindweed [bei-ndweed], sb. (hnvolvulue tej)iuin. — Ilolloffay's Dic- 

tioniiiy. — J. B. 
Bine [bein], gb. the hop-stalk ; so called because it bimU round the 

pole. — C!ooper. 
Bird-batting [bTir-d-batin], »h. the cntehing of birds by night with a 

net known aa the b<tt-/viding net, *Ak. 



8 HAMPSHIRE GLOSSARY. 

Bird-fraying [bur*d-frai*in], part, driving birds from seed or com. — 
N. H. 

Bird's-eyes [bur-dz-eiz], ab, pi. flowers of the various species of 
MyoBotU and Veronica, See Bobin's-eyes. — Wise. 

Bishops-weed [bisb-apz-weedl, sb, Mentha aqiiatica; from which 
* hum * is made. Called also oisliop-wort [bish*up-wurt]. — Wise, New 
Forest, p. 166. See Humwater. 

Bits. See Beest 

Bit and crumb [bit un krum], every, phrase. They say ' he is a 
good dog, every bit and crumb of him; ' t. e. entirely. — N, and Q. 1st 
Ser. X. 400. • 

Bitter-Bweet [bitmr-sweet], sb, a kind of apple ; perhaps the biUer- 
nveeting of Shakesp. Bom, and Jul, ii. 4. — ^Wise. 

Bittish [bitish], adj, rather ; as, ' a bittish cold/ ' a bittUh wet' — 
F. M. 

Bittle [bit'l], sb, a beetle (i 0. the insect). A.S. bitd, *AL 

Blackberry-summer [blak'bur'i-sumnir], sb. Fine weather experi- 
enced at the end of September and the beginning of October, when 
blackberries are ripe. — ^Wright. 

Black-bob [blak-bob], sb, the cockroach {blaita orientalis), — Barnes. 

Black-heart [blak-haart], «6. the bilberry ; vaccinium myrtillis, * So 
called by a singular corruption, the original word being hartberry, 
the Old English fieorot-berie [from heorot, a hart, a stag], to whi^ 
the qualifying adjective has been added. To go " hearting" is a very 
common phrase. See Proceedings of iJie Phil. 80c, iii. pp. 154, 155/ 
—Wise, New Forest, p. 280. 

Black Heath [blak-heth], sb. Erica cinerea, — J. B. 

Black Jack [blak-jak], sb, the caterpillar of the turnip-fly (athalia 
spinarum), — Barnes. 

Black Merry [blak-mer'il, sb, a black fruited var. of Prunus Avium, 
Dr. Bromfield's MSS.— J. B. 

Black Strap [blak-strap], sb. Polygonum aviculare. Dr. Bromfield's 
MSS.— J. B. 

Blacktail [blak*tail], sh. the fieldfare. ' Large numbers frequent the 
New Forest, where it is known as the blacktaiV — ^Wise, New Forest, 
p. 312. 

Bladder [blad-ur], sb, a blister, boil, pustule. See Firs-bladder in 
Wise^s New For, Olos, Also a bum, sciedd, pimple. — Wise, New Forest, 
See Bunch ; Chill-bladder. 

Blare [blair], v, to bleat, cry. Ex. *D*rat the wold thing blaring 
so.'— -Jr. 

Blatch [blach], adj, black, sooty. *Ak. 

Blather [bladhnir], sb, a bladder. *Ak. 



HAMPSHIRE QLOSSART. 



Bleating [blooling], sb. a nrnne given to the noise maJe by the wing 

of tlie 8uipe. — Wiso, Neiu Fortit, p. 270. 
Bleeding-lie&rt [blee'ding-haart], sb. the Lenrts-eaae ( VivTa triculor).- 



r interrailtent light. 



Blink [blink], eb. a spark of fire ; gliu] 

Blissy [blisi], sh. a. blaze. Cf. A.S. hhjsa, a torch ; llisier, an in- 
cendiair. »Ak, Mr. Wise (.Vno Forat. p. 193) exrlains it as an 
adj. — bright, said of a brightly biuijing fire ; lit. blazry. I believe 
this to be an error. The word is the Oxf. Uitzij, and la merely an 
allied word to hlaze; indeed. Mr. Wise also endorses Akerroan'a 
definition, and cites the expression — ' it is blitaeuing' L e. just blazing. 

— w. w. a 

Blood Viae [hlud-vein], eh. EpiloUum anjveii/vllum. — J. B. 
Bloody- Warrior [bliid-i-waurinrj, jib. the dark-coloured ■wall-flower. 

*Afc. The garden wall-flower {Vlii-iranlhns cheirt), eo called from tha 

blood-like tingea on its coroUa. — Barnes's Bon. 01, 
Bloomy [bluo'mi], adj. hot. In sultry weather they say ' it's Uoomy 

hoL' 'AL 
Blow [bloa], sh. a flower. — J. In North Hants not used of a single 

flower, bnt collectively. Ex. ' It's a very good hhw this year,' ». t. the 

blossom is plentiftiL— W. IL 0. 
Blow [bloa], 17. to hluflh. — Winch. Sch. 01. To show embarrassment, 

either by blushing, as a rose hlowa ; or from the resemblance to a 

wl^ls when distressed. — Adams' ff'ijkehamha, p. 417. 
Blowing! [bloa^inga], ah. pi. blossoms. 'Ak. 
Blue Cowslip [bloo-kou'alip], sb. Pulmonana angmti/i/li'a. Dr. 

Bronifleld in Phytotogiat, O.H. iii. 575.— J. B. 
Blnff [bluf], mlj. lusty, Uke a farmer.— J, 
Boar-thistle [boar-tbisl], sb, Carduus lanccohilus. Holloway's 

Dictiotutry. — J. B. 
Bob [bob], gh. a beetle.— N. H. 
Bob, ah. a timber carriage. — R H, See Timber-bob. 
Bob, V. ad. to carry on a timber-bob. Ex, ' We can bob that tree 

home.'— N. H. 
Bob, kI>. a large white jug, holding about a gallon. Winch. Srh. Gl. 

Probably from its price, one shilling. — Adams' Wykehamiat, p. 417. 
Bobbery [bob'ur'ij, sb, a quarrel, noiae, diaturhanco. — Cooper. 
Bobbies'-eyei [bob'iz-eiz]. ab. pi. the forget-me-not. Fwoii/c-t 

Chamtedrr/B. —J . B. 
Bobbish [bob-ish], aclj. well in bcalth. E\. ' jmrty buhUsh, thank 

'e,' i. e, pretty wolL *Ak. 
Bolder stones [boa'ldur-atoaiiE], ah. large insulated stones found in the 

downs and sometimes in the valleys. The word is now nsed in 



10 HAMPSHIRE GLOSSARY. 

geology for a stone which has been rolled in an antediluvian torrent. 
•Ak. Com. 



Bolster-pudding [boa-lstur-puod-in], sh. a roly-poly.- 

Bolt [boalt], sh, the line of cleavage of lath. — N. H. 

Boncer [bon'sur], sh, a taw or stone used to strike marbles from a 
ring. — ^N. H. 

Boner [boa'nur], sb. a smart rap on the spine. — Adams' Wyk&- 
hamica, p. 417. 

Bone [bans], sh. a calf of half-a-year old. — Grose ; Warner ; 
F. M. 

Bosky [boski], adj, elated with liquor. — Cooper. 

Bothen [bothnin], eh, Chnjsantliemum segetam, Bromficld's FL 
VedetmSf p. 259. — J. B. 

Bottle-bmsh [bot'l-brush], sb, Hippuris vulgaris. Holloway's 
Dictionary — J. B. 

Bottom [bot'um], sb, a valley, glen, or glade. Cf. Milton, P. L. iu 
299. — ^Wise, New Forest, p. 187. In North Hants used only of a vaUey. 

Bonge [bou j 1], v, to bulge ? — Wise (note on Cooper). 

Bonghy [bou*i], adj. applied to a tree which is full of boughs, 
instead of running straight up. — Wise, New Forest. 

Bonlder [boa'ldur], sb. See Bolder. 

Bonlder-head [boa'ldur-hed], sb. a work against the sea, made of 
small wooden stakes. — Cooper, 

Bonnce [bounsj, v. n. to rebound, or v. a. to cause to rebound. Ex. 
« bounce that ball.'— N. H. 

Bounce [bouns], sb. boasting, pretension. — N. H. 

Bonnd-oak [bound-oak], sb. a boundary oak. — Wise, New Forest. 
See Mark-oak. 

Bower-stone [bou'ur-stoan], sb. a boundary-stone. — Wise, New 
Forest, p. 163. 

Bowl-dish [boal-dish], sb. a wooden bowl with handle. — J. 

Boy's-love [boiz-luvj, sb. the herb southern-wood. *Ak. Arte- 
misia vulgaris, called also Old Man in N. H. 

Bezzle [bozi], sb. Chrysanthemum segetum. The com-marigold. — 
N. H. 

Brakes [braiks], sb. common fern. — Cooper. Also in the compound 
form, fern brakes. — ^Wise. 

Bran-goose [bran-goos], sh. the brent goose ; anser beniicla, Illig. 
'Locally known as the brangoose.* — Wise, New Forest, p. 312. 

Bran-new [bran-nou], adj. quite new. *Ak. In Wilts., they have 
also vire-new (fire-new). These terms were originally applied to 
things /rM^/rom the forge. ♦Ak. Com. as brand-new. 



HAMPSHIRE QLOSSART, 1 1 

rashy [brash'i], adj. full of small atonea. — Lislo, 
Brave [braiv], Oilj. in good health, hearty. "Ak. Cf. So. hmw. 
Breachy [bree'chi], adj. brackish ; applied to Bmiiggled apirits which 

have been iinpregaated with salt water. — Wise (note on Cooper), 
Bread and cheeBS [bred un cheez], ah. the leaves and the opening 

bulls of the white thorn. Cratagai oxt/acnvtha. — J. B. and Wise. 
Break [liriik], v. to tear, In Hants break ia used for tear, an<l tear 

for brea/c; as, 'I have a-turn my host decanter or china dish." 'I 

have a-broke my fine camhriuk apom.' — Oroae ; Wamor ; F. M. 
BreTCt about [brevut u-bout], v. to Iwat about, as a dog for game. 

*Ak. 
Brickie. Sco Bruokle. 
Brighten [brci-tn], sh. a kind of lichen. Eecommended as a remedy 

for weak oyos.^ — ^Viso, New Foreat, p. 176. 
Brindled [b"n'd!dj, ndj. severe, fierce, atem ; in the phtaso, ' a 

brindled look,' eqmvalent to Lat. torve tuem. — Wise. 
Brit [brit], V. to shatter, like hops from being over-ripe. — Cooper, 

Also nsad of oorn.— Wise. To shed, to falL— Lislo. Ex. • The com 

britt' meana that the husk opens. See Feggo'a Kaitiah Qloiiary. 

, -_ [breii], V. to press. ' Driz« it down,' press it down. — Wise, 

A'eru Forest. Eather perhaps Prize, which see. 
Brook [briik], v. to tease, chaff, or badger. From brock, a badger. — 

Winch. Sch. 01. 
Broken-mo nthed [broa'kun-mou'dhd], adj. said of a person (or 

animal) who has lost his teeth. — "Wise. 
Broody [broo'dij, wlj. spoken of a hen when inclined to sit ; ' the 

hens are broody.' — P. M. 
Brook-lime [braok-leim], sb. Veronica Beccdimnga. — J. B. 
Broom-daeher [hninm-dash'ur], eb. one who pulls heath and makes it 

info brooms. — N. H. 
Brow [hrou], adj. brittle ; but in the New Forest applied only to 

short, sniippor, splintering timberof a bad quality. — Wise, A'eui ForrtL 

Ak. hsi» brow, brittle. 



Brownie [brou'ni] »b. a bee. — 'Wise, New Forest. See low Brown, 
Bmckle [bruk-l], adj. brittle, easily broken.— N. H. 

[brum], adj. without money.— TTinc/f, Seh. Gl. From Lat. 
0, * midwinter,' denoting the extremity of bareness in a hc}''s 
pocket. — Adams' Wyhtlmmiea, p. 418. 
Brnmmell [hrum-ul], sh. a bramble or blackberry {Rnhtiii friiticositu). 

—Warner ; F, M, ; HaL ; J. li. See Bmnble-kite. 
Brash [brush], sb. (1) A quarrel; a hurried light.— N. H. 

(2) ' A brush of a boy,' means a sharp, quick, active boy. — Wise, 
■ Cf. the phrase * to hruih about,' to be active, stir nimbly. 



_ Brack 

^^1 ' Inin 
^^^ pock 



12 HAMPSHIRE GLOSSARY. 

Buck [buk], sb, the buck of a cart or waggon, the body of it.— Grose ; 
Wamer ; F. M. 

Buck [buk], ah, the stag-beetle ; also called pink-buck. The children, 
when catciiing it, sing this snatch : — 

' High huck^ low huck^ 
Biick, come down.* 

The female is known as the doe. — ^Wise, New Forest, 

Bncky-cheese [buk-i-cheez], sb. a sweet, rank cheese. Perhaps from 
a rank, goatish taste, houc in French signifying a he-goat. — Grose ; 
Wamer ; F. M. ; as hock does in German. 

Bud [bud], sb, a young deer. Applied in Sussex to a calf of the 
first year, because then the horns begin to appear or hud, — Wise (note 
on Cooper). 

Budgy [budji], adj. round, like a cask. Ex. ' a little budgy, quatty 
tlmig.^ ^ 



Bugle [beu'gl] sb. a bull. ' A word forgotten even by the peasantry, 
and only to be seen, as at Lymington and elsewhere, on a few inn- 
signs, with a picture sometimes of a cow, by way of explanation.' — 
Wise, New Forest, p. 188. 

Bnlky [bul-ki], adj, generous. — Winch. Sch. Ol, Good-natured, 
liberal; from amplitudOf sometimes used by Latin writers in this 
■ sense. — Adams' Wykehamica, p. 418. 

Bull's-head [buolz-hed]. sb. the fish also called the miller's thumb ; 
Cotttis gohiOf Linn. — White's Nat. Hist, of Selborne, Letter xi 

Boll-thnuh [buol-thrush], sb, the missel-thrush. — Wise, New Forest, 
p. 189. 

Bumble [bumbl], v, (1) To buzz, to hum ; as, 'to bumble like a bee 
in a tar-tub.' 
(2) To stumble, to halt— Wise, JVcii; Forest, p. 189. 

Bnmmell, or Bomble-kite [bum-l, bumbl-keit], sh. a bramble or 
blackberry. Bubus fnUicosus. — Grose. See Bnimmell. 

Bunch [bunch], sb, (1) A blow. 

i2) A swelling (as the effect of a blow). 
3) A blotch, bum, scald, pimple. — Wise, New Forest, See Bladder. 

Bunch, t;. to punch, to strike. — Wise, New Forest, 

Bundle oflF [bundi-auf], t;. to set off in a hurry. — Cooper. 

Bundles [bund'lz], sb, pi, a game at cards, which I have often 
played, but forget now the way. — F. M. 

Bnnk [bunk], v, in imper, moody be off 1 — F. M. 

Bnnny [buni], sb. a small ravine opening to the sea ; as in Chewton 
Bunny, Beckton Bunny, Also any small drain, culvert, &c. ' The 
little cottage was partly sheltered by an elbow of the cliff ; otherwise 
it would have been flymg up the hunny long ago.' — Cradock Nowell^ 



HjLMPSHIRE glossart. 13 

anded.p. 183. A footnote Bays:— 'The cliiuk or narrow rift in the 

cliff-Lne, oaUwi in the Isle of Wight a chint, ia known in the Now 

Porest as a bunny.' 
Bunt [buut], v. a, to sift meal- — J, 
Bur [Inir], sb. the awcetbroad of a calf or Iamb. 'Ak. 
Bnmbeat, or Bnrnbate [burn-beet, burn'bait], v. to cut up tho turf 

and burn it in hiliuuks on the laniL^LLslov 
Bush [buoah], eb. a thom. Ex. ' I've got a, bush in my Gngei.' 

Bustle-headed [lusMieded], adj. baJly-grown or stunted treea are su 

called.— Wise, AViu Forut, p. 183. As are the oak-troea whose tops 

are rpunded and ahom by the Channel winds. See Buszljr. 
Butt [but], sb. a snifiU paddock. Ei. ' The church bnU, Shanklin. 

—J. No doubt from being the field where archery was practiaod, at 

butta.— W. U. 0. 
Buttercups [but-ur-kups], aft. pi. RnnvneuUtabvlhonun (and no doubt 

alau II. acrit and R, rtptm). Holloway's Dictionary. —J. U. Com. 
Botter-fin^ered [but-ur-fing-ur'd], <ulj. apt to let things slip through 

tho fingera, — Pegge's Add. to Grose ; F. it Com. 
Butter-teeth [bul-ur-teeth], sb. pi. broad and yellow teeth. — F, M. 
Bnttry [bufri], «6. a dairy, — Wise. 

Bntty-lark fbut-i-laakl, sb. the meadow pipit; Anlhus prafensit, 
I Beohst ' The buttrf-Utrk, i, e. companion -bird, of the New Porest ; so 
I called because it is oft«n seen purauing the cuckoo, which the peasant 

takes to bo a sign of attachment, not of anger.'— Wise, New Forest, 

p. 308. 
Buzzly [buz-li], adj. used of a tree, without a leading shoot, and 

whose branches are thick and etimted—N. H, 
By now [boi nou], adv. jost now, immediately. — Wise. 



Caddie pcad-1], sb. a, dispute, noise, con 
fusion, litter, meaa. Ks. ' What a raddle 



•Ak. 



AIbo, con- 
-Wiae. 
Iso eaid of 



what a 
Caddie, V. a. to teaae ; aa, ' don't eaddle me.' "A 

slow people. Ex. ' How you da eaddU I ' — Wise. 
Caddlin(; [kad-lin], my. troubleaomo, annoying. •Ak, In tho New 

Forest it means — not agreeing. — Wiso. 
Cadge [kadj], v. to beg.— N. H. 
Cadger [kadj-ur], «&. a beggar.— N. H. 
Caffin. Cttvin [kaf-in, kavin], «6, the long-tailed titmouse ; partu 

ciiiiJiilta, I^mn. ' Known throughout the New Porest as the kmg- 

tailtd Baffin or cawn, ■—■Wise, Nae Foreat, p. a08. 
Call [kaul], ib. necessity, oecaaiou. Ex. ' You'd no call to do it.' 



d 



14 UAMPSHIBE GLOSSARY. 

Callardfl [kalurdz], eh. pi, cabbage. Me of Wight — F. M. 
Camber [kam'bur], v. a. to bend. — N. H. 
Camber, sb, *on the camber,* bent, bowed. — N. H. 

Cammock [kamnikl, sb. ' In Hampshire almost any yellow flower, as 
S. John's Wort, Fleabane, Bagwort, &o. is called Cammock,* — ^Mr. Q. 
B. Corbin in lit — J. B. 

Cammocky-Cheese [kam'uki-cheezl, cheese made from milk flavoured 
with Eest-harrow. — J. The Eest-nairow, Ononis spinosa, being called 
Cammock in Hants. See above. — W. H. C. 

Camshetting [kam*shuting], sb, boarding to keep up gravel ; as the 
flooring of a wooden bridge ; planking protecting a bank. — N. H. 

Cane [kain], sb, a small weasel ; ^ a little reddish beast, not much 
bi^er than a field-mouse, but much longer, which they call a cane, ' 
— -White's Nat Hist of Sdbome^ Letter xv. * The animal here spoken 
of by White is probablv only the female of the common weasel, which 
is constantly smaller than the male.' —Note by Bev. L. Jenyns. 

Canker [kan'kur], sb, (1) A fungus, a toadstool — ^Wise, New Forests 
♦Ak. 

(2) A sore.— N. H. 

Cankered [kan-kurd], adj, sore. Ex. * That dog's ear is cankered.* 
— N. H. 

Cant [kantl t;. a, (1) To tilt up or put into a sloping position. — N. H. 

(2) To jerk. 

(3) To cant off ; to let an object slip or fall — Cooper. 

CantankerooB, ailj, contentious, quarrelsome. *Ak. Com. 

Cargo Fkaar'goa], sb, a hamper of good things from home. — Adams' 
Wykehamicaf p. 418. 

Carriage [kar*r*ij], sb, (1) A drain, water-carriage. *Ak. 

(2) A waggon-load. Ex. * I expect hell have a carriage of wheat in 
Basingstoke market o' Wednesday.' — N. BL 

Cass [kas], sb, a spar used in thatching. — Wise, New Forest See 
Spar- gad. 

Cassey [kasi], sb, a causeway. — Wise. 

Cass'n [kas-n], 2ndp, s,pr, (thou) canst not. *Ak. 

Cassock [kas'uk], sb, any kind of binding weed. — ^Wise, New Forest, 
p. 166. 

Casty [kaast'i], sb, a cask ; as, a ' ca^ty of beer.* — F. M. 

Note. — Sir F. M. wiites it castSf wluch can hardly mean anything 
but casty, 

Caterwise [kai'turweiz], adv, diagonally. — J. 

Cat's eye [kats ei], sb. Germander Speedwell, Veronica Cham* 
cedrys.—N. BL 

Cat*B head, [kats hed], sb, the name of a kind of apple. — Wise. 



HAMPSHIRE GLOBSAJiY. 



f Cat's head, sh. the ead of a alioulder of mutton. Adams' Wi/ke- 
himica, p. 418. 
Cat's taU [kats toil] sb. H 
Cat's tails [kats-tailz], 

IHelioHari/.—J. B. 
Cattan [kat'un], sb. a. aort of i 



uria vulgaria, Linnieus, — F. Jf. 
pi. catkins of Salix. — Hollo way 'a 



V 



Iiinge, which iinitea the 
' hand-stick ' to the flaiL It is made in two parta. The joint which 
fita the flail ia mode of leather, aa it is required to be more tlexihle 
near the part which atrikes the floor. — WiHO, New Forest. 

Oansey [kau-zai], ah. a causeway, — J. 

Certicate [sur'tikait], nb. certificate. If. and Q. lat Ser. x. 400, 

Cham [charo], v. to chew, champ. "Ak. Common in Hanta. Said 
in }f. F. of being put out of temper. Ex. ' You've no occasion to 
cfuiTH it.' Said also of a person not lilting a thing — 'You aeein to 

Charlick [chaadik], sb. wild mustard, Sinapis arvensU. — K. H. 

Charm [chaam], «6. noise ; as of beca, birds, children ; in the phrase 
' they are all in a charm^ they are all talking loud. A.S. cyii), a 
noise, shout, clamour ; as in ayrniigru <yrm, uproar of ainnera; Ctedmon 
xxxir. IT. *Ak. Alao called ckiina. See Churm. 

Chase-TOW [chais-roal, nb. in planting qnickaeta a single chise ia a 
single row ; a double cfiaie means another row planted below the first, 
not directly naderuoath the upper plants, but under the middle of the 
intermediate spaces. — Liale. 

Chanm [cbaum], tb. a chasm ; a crack in the ground. *Ak. 

Chayish [chaviab J, «S. a chattering of many birds or noisy poN 
Bona — Cooper. Ex. 'What a chaviih you are making 1' — Wise, iftia 
Foreiit (notii on Cooper). 

ChceUB [chee'zui], ah. pi. the fruits of Malva ayJoeitria. — J. B. 
Cheail-bob [chizl-bob], sh. the wood-louse. — N. H. 
Chilbladder [chil-blod-ur], tb. a. chilblain. — Wise, iTew Forat. 
Childag [chil'dag], ab. a chdblain. — Wise, New Fm-cel. 

ChilTer-lamh [chil-vurlam], sb. a ewe-larab. A. 8. cil/ar-lamb. — 
Wise, New Forat, p. 193. Soo Thwaito'a Heulukach; Leviticua v. 6. 
•At 
Chimley [chim'li], tb. a chimney. *Ak. 

Chine [choiiiL jift, a small ravine on the sea-coaat. Bonmemonth, 
and Isle of Wight. 

t [chink], tffi. the chaffinch.— F. M. Also see Wise, New 
■at, p, 308. See Spink, 
iner [chiaur]. eb. a grin (eachmnut). — Adama' Wyheliamiea, p. 



16 HAMPSHIEE GLOSSARY. 

Chisel [chiz-l], t;. a. to cheat. — ^Adams' Wykehamica, p. 418. Not 
pecuhar to Winchester. 

ChiBSom [chiaum], r. to put forth roots; to grow. — Lisle. To 
germinate. *Ak. See Chit. 

Chit [chit], «;. to bud, or germinate. — *Ak. To sprout out, to grow. 
— Lisle. A.S. dis, the tender shoot of a herb ; hence the term ' Httle 
chit ' applied to a child. *Ak. 

Chitterlings [chitnirlingz], sb. pi, the entrails. The word is also 
applied to an old-fashioned fnll in the W. of England — as, 'here 
comes old Warder wi' Ms chitterlin vrilL' *Ak. C£ divina tomacula 
porci. — Juvenal, Sat, x. 355. In Jarvis's translation of Don Quixote, 
ed. 1842, p. 1, we read that the knight enjoyed ' sheep's chitterlings 
on Saturoays.* So in Hudihras, — * Which was but souse to chitter^ 
lings.* — Bell's ed., vol L p. 87. In the New Forest we hear also of * a 
chitterlin shirt.' — Wise. See Souse. 

Cheeky [chok-i], adj, chalky, dry. — Lisle. 

Choice [chois], adJ, careful Ex. 'Tom's mortal cJioiee over 'em. 
peasen.' — J. 

Cheer, Char [choor, chaa], t;. to do household work in the absence 
of a domestic servant^ as a char-woman does. *Ak. A.S. cerre. Com. 

Cheer, Char, ab, a turn of work. *Ak. 

Chop [chop], r. to exchange, to barter. *Ak. Com. 

Chopper [chop'ur], sb, pig's chap. — J. 

Chops [chops], sb. pi, the jaws, or face ; as, *To give one a slap in 
the chops.* — F. M. Com. 

Chense [chous], sb. a shame, a scandaL Here it has been Wyke- 
hamically diverted from its original meaning, viz. * to cheat.' — ^Adams' 
Wykehamica, p. 418. 

Chew [chou], V. to bite or masticate food. 

Christmas [kris'mus], sb. (I) The holly used to decorate churches, 
houses, meat, &c. at Chnstmaa — ^F. M. Also (2) used generally of tho 
holly {Ilex aqui/olium). — J. B. 

Chuck [chuk], t;. a. to cast, to throw. 

Chuck, Chuck [chug], interj. a word commonly used in calling swine. 
— Grose ; Warner ; F. M. See Chug. 

Chuckle-headed [chuki-heded], adj. stupidly noisy. — Cooper. 

Chucks [chuks], sb. pi, large chips of wood. — Cooper. 

ChufEy [chufi], adj, broad-faced, healthy. Ex. 'a chuffy-heQ,d.ed 
rascaL — J. 

Chug [chug], sb. a pig; so called from the term (diug, cJiug) used in 
calling swme. See Chuck. — ^N. H. 

Chomp [chump], sb, a log of wood. *Ak. 



HAMPSHIRE GLOSSARV. 



hniik 



[chunk], 
A large e 



eh. (1) A log of wood. 



(2) A large altce — ae of cheese, bread, or bacon, 
Clmroh-Utten [church-Ut'n], sb. a churchyard or burj'ing-ground. — 

Cooper. 
Cbnrllok [chur'Uk],«& Sinapia arvenaU. See Charllok. UoUoway'a 

DiHimMry. — J. I). 
Chnrm [cLurm], sb. & noise, disturbance, confusion ; cf. A.S. ryrm. 

Ex. 'Like a swarm of bees all in a eliurm;' again, wild ducks are 

said to be 'in a chiirm' when they are in confusion, flapping their 

vrings before they settle or rise. — Wise, p. 191. Bee Charm. 
Chum-owl [clmm-oul], sb. the goat-sucker. See Puckeridge. (Pro- 

bably forcAurni-ow^; see Chuiin.) 
Circusifled [sur'kusifeid], ailj. It being remarked to a Hampshire 

furmer that his hoi-se (a spotted roan) was a peculiar colour, he rephed, 

' Well, he do look rather drcuiified.'—y/ . H. 0. 
Civer [kivurl, ti. to cover. Ex. ' That rick ought lo be eivered.' — 

N. II. 
Civer [kivar], sb. cover. Seeraa used for chest in Slacey's account 

of Langtrey's murder; Portsmouth Telegraph, Aug. 9, lM29. — F, M. 

If so used, it would seem to be a uisprouunciution not of coi'cr, but of 

cofffT.—Vf. U. 0. 
Civil [siv'l], ailj. good-natured; much used of animals, as 'a civil 

rlog.''—N. and Q. lat Ser. x. 120. Es. 'Ho was always a very dvil 

dog to we." 
Claggy [klag-i], adv. wet, miry, — J. 
Clam [klnni], sb. (1) The stacks in which bricks are built within a 

kiln. See clamp in Peege's Kenticiimi. 

(2) The place where bricks are dug,— N. 11. 
Clane [klain], atfj. clean. 'Ak. 
Clap-dowTt [klap-doun], v. (1) To sit down,— Cooper, 

(2) Tu put down. 
Clap-on, !'. a. to fix quickly. 
Clap-to, v. n. to shut, to go together, to slam, as of a door or a gate. 

Ex. ' If JOT let 'un go, he'll elap-lo,' — N. If. 
Clappers [klap'urz], fb. pi, stepping-stones in a brook or stream, to 

eiinlilo i'oot-paaaengt'rs lo cross, generally suffixed to the name of a 

place, as ' Malfingley cfo_[y)fri.' — N. II. 
Claps [klaps], o, to claap, (So in Chaucer, Prol. 273.) 
Claps, sb. a. clasp. "Ak. So also they say, ' a c/u^-knife.' — "Wise. 
Cleet [kleet], V. to shoo oxen when tliey work, — Wise, New Forett. 

•Ak. has rJeet, to mend with a pat«h. See below. 
_Cleet8, sb. pi. iron tips on a shoe.— Wise, JVew Forat "Afc, has eleet, 
patch. In N. H. a plate of brass or iron, nailed or screwed to wood, 
t rorious purposes, is called a eUel. 



18 HAMPSHIRE GLOSSARY. 

Clever [klevur], ado, straight (?). It is used thus: 'I went cltver 
to Brighton/— i^. and Q. 1st Ser. x. 400. 

Clim [klim], v, to clinib. *Ak. 

Clinker [klin-kur], sh. a blow. 

Clinkers [klin'kurz], sh, pL bricks burnt very hard, and not fit to be 
placed with othera So called from the noise they make when struck. 

Clit [klit], adj, clotted, close. Ex. * I would sow grass-seeds, but the 
ground will be diC — Orose. [The example is from Grose, who assigns 
no meaning ; the meaning is given by Dr. Curry, in MS. additions to 
Grose, where we find, * ditty, clotted, close.' — W. W. S.] 

Clitches [klich'uz], sb, pL the chinks in the boles of beech- trees. — N. 
UantSf Wise. 

Clittery, or Clnttery [klit'uri, klut'uri], adj, said of weather , change- 
able weather, inclinable to be stormy. — Grose ; F. M. 

Clivers [klivurz], sb. pi. cleavers, goose-grass, Galium apaHne, — 
Wise, rJew Forest, p. 1G6. See Clyders. 

Clo [kloa], sb, a box on the ear. Contracted probably from doui. — 
Aaams' Wykehamicat p. 420. [Or from daw ; C£ dapper-daw, — W. 
W. S.] 

Clocking [klok'in], sb, the sound made by falling, gurgling water. — 
Wise, New Forest, p. 186. C£ to dude. 

Close [kloas], ado, hard, sharp. Ex. ' It hits close,^ i. e. it hits 
hard. — ^Wise, New Forest. 

Clout [klout], sb, a box on the ear. *Ak. Com. 

Clow [klou]. See Clo. 

Clnm [klum], to handle roughly or clumsily. A.S. dom, a band, 
&c. •Ak. 

Clmnpet [klump-it], sb. a clod of earth. — N. H. 

Clung [klungJL adj, hard, as wood when it has become dry and 
tough. — N. H. 

Clutch [kluch], adj. close. Ex. * He holds it quite clutch.^ — Cooper. 

Clnttery. See Clittery. 

Clyders [klei'durz], sb, Gralium aparine. — Wise. See Clivers. 

Coaching [koach-in], part, drinking beer in the harvest-fields. — iV. 
and Q. 1st S. x. 400. 

Coal-shoot [koal-shoot], sb. a coal-scuttle. — J. 

Coary [koar-r'i], adj. * About the middle of a field near me, there 
nms a vein of black, codry, and yet dry earth.' — Lisle, i. p. 28. I 
have inquired of farmers and labourers for the moaning of this word, 
but the sense seems to be lost. — W. H. C. 

Coathe, or Cothe [koadh], v, to cause a disease in sheep. *The 
springs in the New Forest are said to cothe the sheep, t. e. to disease 
their livers.' — Wise, New Forest. From A.S. cJtSa, disease. 



UAMPSUIRE GLOSSARY. 



10 



< Goathy [toa-Jliil, adj. rotten; applied to diseased abeep. — "Warner: 

P. M. See Cothe. 
Cob [kobl. »li. a lump of clay, such ns thoiie with which walla, 

houses, &a. are built. So we hear of tob-walls, and a cub-house. 
Cob-nut, «b. n large species of hazel-nut. — See Hartshorne'a Salopi't 

Aiili'i'ia. — F. M. In the Isle of Wight a eob-nut ia a larye nut. — 

•Akerman'a H'ilU 01. 
Cocker [kok-ur], nb. a li^ht horae, occasionally used in the plough. — 

A', ami Q. latSer. x. 400. 
Cock-eyed [kok'eid], adj. squinting. See Forby. — F. M, 
Cockle [kokd], «6. the bur of the burdock {Antiwn lappa). — Wise. . 
Cock-sqnoilin [kok-akwoi-lin], nb. the barbarous cnatom of throwing 

at cocks; formerly a custom at Shrove-tiJe. This unmanly pastime 

is, I fear, not entirely abolished ill Mimo partd of England [a.d. 1S42]. 

I have seen the poor unfledged nostlings of small birda stuck upon a 

pate-jiost and thrown nt by countrymen. Sqaoitin is also used for 

throwing, *Ak. See Squoil. 
Cock-Bteddltng [kok-stcd'linj, «&. a boyish game ; Forigmouth Tele- 

•/rafjh, Sept 27, 1B13.— F. M. 
Codgel [kodj-el], «6. the fat on the under-jaw of the hog.— N. H. 
Cod|fer [ko'lj'nr], ah. a name given when familiarly adilressiug an 

iiniuniutance.— N. H. 
CoUey [koli], tb. a kettle.— Wiae. 
Colt pizey [koalt-piksi], eb. a spirit or fairy, in the shape of a horse, 

wLifh wickfTs (neighs), and misleads horses into hogs, &o.— Grose ; 

"Warner ; P. U. 'As lugged as a eolt-pixty ' is a common proverb,— 

Wise, A'ew Forat, p. 174. There ia scarcely a viUapo or hsimlet in 

ithe Forest district which has not its ' Pi'a-^ Field ' and 'Wwejitoor'; 

IBr its 'Picksmoor,' and ■ Cold- /Vwy,' and 'Puck-piece.' At Prior's 

Acre wo find ' Puck's Hill," and not far from it lies the great wood of 

Fuck-pits'; whilst a large barrow on BeaulJOH Common is known 

as the Pixfy'e Care. — Wise, New Furttt, p. 175. 

Pop. Aiidq. ed. Ellis, ii. 513. 
Combe [kooin], sb. a valley. — Cooper. 
Come [kura], w/u. used to indicate the con 

" 'Twill be a year mme next Michaelmas.'— 
Come-back [kum-lmk'], eb. a guinea-fowl. Its peculiar cry is sup- 
posed to resemble the pronunciation of these words. — F. M. 
Con [kon], sh, a smart tap on the head administered generally with 

the knuckles (whence the deriTation : tayivXov, a knuckle). — Adams' 

W'jkehimiea, p. VIQ. 
Conk [konk], V. to croak. Conking is especially uaed of the hoarse 

cFLiak of the raven ; but the word, like the bird, ia rare. — Wise. 
Contraption [kontrop'shunl, sb. (1) Construction. — N. and Q. Ut 
— Ser. X. 120. 

(2) Contention, — Ibid. 



See also Brand's 



20 HABfPSHIRE OLOSSAET. 

Coop [koop], intefj. a word used in calling horses ; particularly when 
in tho field they are enticed by a sieve of oats to be caught Ptobably 
a contraction of * Come up.* 

Coopiddy [koop'idi], intfirj. a word used in calling poultry to their 
food. Suggested oy Sir Frederick Madden to be a corruption of 
* Come biddy.* 

Copse [kops], sb, underwood cut at stated times. Com. The 
expression * all in a copse,' means indietind, — Wise, New Forest, p. 179. 

Copse Laurel [kops lor-r'u'l], sb. DapJuie Laureola. — Dr. Bromfield in 
Phytologiai, O.S. iii. 798.— J. B. 

Cotoh [koch], V. a. to catch. — N. H. 

Cotohed [koch'd], part, caught — K H. 

Cothe [koadh], adj. applied to sheep, means diseased in the liver. — 
Wise, New Forest. 4qq Coathe. 

Cot-house [kot-hous], ab. an outhouse, shed. — Wise. 

Cotterel [kot-erul], sb. the crane to which the kettle or pot is fast- 
ened so as to hang over the fire. — Wise, New Forest. * Cotteril, sb. a 
hook to hang spits, &c. on.* — Cooper. 

'Count [kount], sb. value, importance. Ex. * He be'ant no 'count ;* 
It is of no vsklue. — N. H. 

Couples [kup'ilz], sb. pi. ewes and lambs. — Lisle. 

Cow [kou], sb. an earthenware funnel, placed on the tops of chim- 
neys, curved and revolving with the wind. More generally elsewhere 
called ' cowl,' which is the correct name. 

Cow-cress [kou-kres], sb. Helosciadium nodlfloram. — J. B. 

Cow-lease. See Lease. 

Cow-parsley [kou-paas*li], sb. Anthriscus sylvestris. — J. B. 

Cowowing [kou'ouin], sb. the caw, or noise made by rooks. — N. H. 

Cowslip [kou 'slip], sb. FritUlaria Meleagris, a curious misnomer. 
*In proof of the incurious nature of the Hampshire peasantry, I 
could not find any one at Strathfioldsay^e who know its name ; some 
called tho plants snowdrops (the white variety), others daffodils, 
whilst the rest pronounced them to be cowslips I * — Dr. Bromfield in 
Fhytologist, O.S. iii. 965.— J. B. 

Cramp [kramp], sb. (1) A bend in a ditch or fence. 
(2) A bent iron, or the like. — N. H. 

Cranky [krank-i], adj. (1) Brisk, merry, jocund. — Cooper. Ex. *I 
am pretty cranky.* — Wise. 
(2) Peevish, fretful, cross.— N. H. 

Craup. See Crope. 

Craw [krau ; *Ak. imtes craw], sb. the bosom ; the crop of a bird ; * a 
spelt th' drenk down's craw,* he spilt the drink down his bosom. 
*Ak. Hence shirt-era t&^ the bosom of a shirt — Wise. 



HiJUFSHIRE OLOSSiitV. 21 

J [kree-ui], small, dimiuutive. — •Ak. 
Creepen [kree-jmre], ah. pi. low wooden ptttaTia <.r clogs. — F. M. 
Criamany [kreiam-uni], Interj. an expressiun of surprUc. — Jf. H. 
Crim [kiirn], »h. a small quantity ; lit. a crumb. 'AJc. 
Crimany [kritn-uui], inlerj, expressive of surprise. See Fotby. — 

!■■. 11, 
Crink-crank [krink-krank], mlj. ' Crhik-eraiik wonla are long wotda 
" — vrrba ie»iiiipfJalia—Dot properly undoretood.' Soo Proceeding* of 
\J'hil. 8oc., V. Ha-8. 

Kppled or Croppled pdap'iild, krop-u]d],py). found unable to do 
'^o iBBBon. — Adams' fyyke/iUTnica, p, 421. 

-N. and Q. 1st S. 

Croaky [kroak'ij, at/J, sickly, weak, delicate ; applied to plants. Ek. 

' My roots did look rather crwiAy till the rain come."— N. H. 
Crock [ktok], ah. {]) An earthen vfasel. — Cooper. 

(2) A pot ; loore commonly applied to an earthen pot. Konco onr 

■ crockery ware.' A.S. erufcri, a pot or pitcher. It occiira in Rkhard 

the Snirlea (ed, Skeat, ii. 52} ; 'And (.-nnt acloiin >e crokk • t>e colys 

amyd.*— 'Ak. Perhaps borrowed from the WelsL Cf. W. errgijn or 

CTockan, B pot. 
Crope [kroap], j^t. t. of vb. to creep. — Wise, Nf.w Forcei, p. 190. 

•Alt. 
Croppled [krop-uld], /iji. floored in an oxaniiiialion. — Winch. Sck. 

Gl. &je Crippled. 
CrOBS-patch [kros'pach], sh. an ill-teinpereJ follow, as defined by 

Forby. C£ the Knes, • Crou-pakh, Draw the ktch," &c.— F. U. 

Crow [kToa], sh. the peacock butterfly. See Owl. — Wise, N'cw Forest. 

Crow-f aper [kroa-gai-pur], b6. a very hot day. — N. H. 

Crow-pecks rkroa-jrekal, sb. pi. Scamlix Peeten, the shepherd's 
neudlu.— J. B. ' Called also old iiwinan's ritfdte. There is a oommon 
Eaying in the New Forest that "Two rrou'jiwJa are as good as an oat 
for a horse ; " to which the reply is, " A eruwpKk and a harley-cora 
may be.'" — Wise, New Pornt, 

Crow's claw [kroifz-klau], sb. lianuncidtis repens. — Holloway's 

Didionnry.—S. IS. 

Crow's toot [kroa-zfuot], eb. RanunmUi* repens. — Eolloway'a 

Dictionary.— 3. B. 
Crownei [krou'nur], sb, a coroner ; as in Shakespeare, &c. 'Ak. 
Crummy [ki'umi], lulj, fat, fleshy, corpulent,— Cooper, 
Crutch [knich], »h. ' dish, or earthenware pipkin ; as, a Urd-eruleA, 
~ a. butt«ir-pru(c7..'— Wise, Netu ForetU Soo CHtch, and cf. (Jorm. Krtig, 

■nd Fr. t'ruehr. 



22 HAMPSHIRE GLOSSARY. 

Cubbidy. See Cooppidy. 

Cubby-hole [kub*i-hoal], sh. a snug place. ♦Ak. Probably for 
cup-board hole. 

Cuckoo-day [kuok'oo-dai], sh. tbe day on which Beaulieu fair is 
held, Apnl 1 5. There is a local proverb, * The cuckoo goes to Beaulieu 
Fair to buy him a great-coat ; * because he arrives about that time. 
— Wise, New Forest, p. 180. 

Cuckoo-flower [kuok'oo-flour], sh, Cardamine pratensis. — J. B. 

Cuckoo-flower [kuok'oo-flour], sb. Orchis mascula. The name is 
differently applied in different counties. In the Midland Counties it 
is often the lady's-smock (Cardamine pratensis)^ and in the more 
northern counties the wood-sorrel (^Orchis acetosella) ; each appearing 
at the particular period when the cuckoo arrives. In Shakesp. Lovers 
Labour's Lost, v. 2, the * cuckoo-buds of yellow hue * is said of the lesser 
celandine. — Wise. 

Cuckoo-spit [kuok'oo-spit], sh, the fine white froth on plants, which 
covers the larva of the Cicada spumans. Otherwise frog-spit and toaci- 
«pt^— F. M. 

Cud [kud], adj\ pretty, nice. — Winch. ScJi. GL Pleasant; possibly 
[from] Couth, Couthy. — ^Adams' WyJeekami<xi, p. 421. 

Cues [keu'z] sb, pL shoes for oxen. — Lisle. *Ak. 

Cull [kul], Tom Cull, sb. the fish called the * miller's thumb.' 

Culls [kulz], sb. pi. inferior sheep separated from the rest of the 
flock. From cull, to choose. — Cooper. 

Cusnatiou [kuznai'shun], adj. an epithet compounded of curse and 
'nation. •Ak. 

• 

Cut [kut], sb, a method of drawing lots. [The method, described, is 
merely interesting as showing that the old word cut is in use at Win- 
chester]. — Winch. Sch, 01. 

Cute [keut], adj. acute. ♦Ak. Com. 

Cut-thorn [kut'thaun], sh. the perambulation of the limits of the 

» borough of Southampton is so called. — F. M. Cat-thorn is, in fact, 

the name of an enclosure which is one of the boundaries visited in the 

nerambulation. Davies, Hist, of Southampton, p. 50 and passim. — 

y(. H. C. 

Cuttran, Cutty Jknt'ran, kuti], sh. a wren. Cutty is the commoner 
term ; cuttran is a contraction of cutty-wren, — ^Wise, New Forest, 



Sab [dab], sh. (1) A blow. Ex. * A geart dab in the chaps.' 
(2) A proficient. Ex. * He*s a dab at that work.' — J. 

Dabster [dab-stur], sh. a proficient. *Ak. 

Saddick [dad-ik], sb. rotten wood. *Ak. 

Daddicky [dad-iki], adj. decayed, rotten. *Ak. Ex. ^ Daddlcky 
wood.*— Wise. 



UAMP3U1RE GLOSSARY. S3 

"Daffodil filaf-oJil], «6. FritiUaria, Mi'h<igri». Sue CoWBlip. 
Saglets [{iiig'lutz], sb. pi. icicles. "Ak. 
Daia fiiain], v. a. to sharpon, or bent out, a pick fork, hoc itc. — 

N. 11. 
Darks [ilitaks], nb. j)l. nights on which the luoou does not siiiuo. 

Used by sailora and Bmugglera. — Cooper. 
Darling [ihui'Iin], nh. the sroiiileat or younsoat of a farrow or litter 

tii' pigs, &c, — Cooper ; Wiae. 
Dawg [■iaug], sb. a dog, 

Dead-horBe [Jeti-haua], nb. To ' work out a iJi'ml-hoise' it to wnrk 
old debt. — Coojior. To ride llie tlttvl-horec \a to bo btbiud- 






hnml, — J. 



■man [duJ-man], nb. tho line of string tnarki 
of bricks, in brickUj-ing.— N. H. 
'Dead Han's Hands [<Icd-m3iiz hn 
Dsan [iIlcii], ah. a hollow am m 



,' the 



rxt coureo 



lJj:], fh. pi Oi-chis mascjda. — J. B, 
: downs. As Fincli-c^^an, Bram- 



Deaw [di'aul], sb. dew. A.S. deaie. *Ak. 

Deaw-bit [di'aubitJ] si. a dew-bit, 3. v. "Ak. 

Beaw-bitter [dt'ou-bitT 1], sb. a dew-heater ; one who lias large feet 

or who turns his toes out, so tlkat be brushes the dew off the grass in 

wulkiug. '*Ak. 
Daaw-olaw (wrilten lieaici-ctaii!), [di'nu-klati], sb. a dow-ckw, *Ak. 

It luonns a bono or nail behind a deer's loot. — Wobstor. Also behind 

n dog's foot. — N, IL 
Decker, Dicker [dek'ur, dik-ur], p. to ornament, to *pancle, ' A 

Lilly's fingers are said to be dcciered with rtuge, or the aky witbataTS.' 

—Wise, A'rui Forest. 
Dedocky [dod-oki], adj. failing, likely to die. Saiil of trees. ' That 

* ■<• bus boon dedocJcy some time.' — N. II. See Daddicky. 



—Coo pel 



Dee [deo], sb. day. So also lo-dee, to-dny.- 

Deedily [deo-dili], a/lc. diligently | it applies to anything done with 

a profound nnd ploihliog attaution, or an action which engmasea all 

the powors of the mind and body. See note to Our VUliiyt Sketches, 

by Mary Bussell Mitford, vol i. p. 2H,— F. U. 
Deedy [deedi], adj. dUigant, plodding, atteativo. Ex. said of a 

5.51-viiiit: ' She's very rfwrfy.' — N. H. 
Deer's-milk [dee'n-milkl,«6. wood-spiirge ; Enjifiorbia nm'jgdahi'idM. 

'So culled from the white TiHcous juice which exudes from its stalks 

wheii giithered.' — Wise, New Fiirest. 
Dsoial [denc-i'ul], sb. an encnmbmnce. Ex. ' His children be a great 

dtiiMUt 'iin.' — J. 

BSperd [lieep'ord], culj, desperate. 'Ak. 



24 HAMPSHIRE GLOSSARY. 

Sensiers [deuz*yerz1], sb, pi. the valves of a pig's-beart. Grose says 
this is a comiption of JewU ears. *Ak. A person with large ears is 
said to have dettaiera, — ^Wise. 

Devil's Coach-wheels [devulz-koa-ch-wheelzl sb. pi. Ranunculus 
arvensia. Hayling Isld. Dr. Bromfield*s MSS. — J. B. 

Sevil's-guts [devulz-guts], sb. pi. the dodder plant. Cuscuta 
Europcea. — J, 

Devil's purses [devulz-purs-iz], sb. pi. skate-eggs, commonly found 
empty on the sea-shore. — ^F. M. Also called Mermai(V a-puraea, and 
in some places Skaie-harrowa, from a fancied resemblance to a hand- 
barrow. 

Dew-beater. See Deaw-bitter. 

Dew-berries [deu-beriz], sb.pl. The large wild berry resembling 
the bramble-berry, but generally growing closer to the ground. — F. 
M. liubua coaiua. See Dew-berry in Halliwell. In a letter in the 
Gentleman' a Magazine, Feb. 1836, p. 126, the writer says that, in 
Sussex, the dewberry is the gooaeberry, and refers to Culpepper's Herbal. 

Dew-bit [deu'bit], sb. the first meal in the morning, not so sub- 
stantial as a regular breakfast. — Halliwell ; Wise, New Forest, p. 193. 
*Ak. defines it—a breakfast, a meal taken while the dow is on the 
grass ; on which Wise notes — only in hay and com harvest. See 
Deaw-bit. 

Dew-claw. See Deaw-claw. 

Dew-cup [deu'kup], sb. the first allowance of beer to harvestmen. 
—Halliwell, s. v. dew-drink. 

Dey-hns [dai-us,], sb. a dairy. *Ak. (who writes Da* us, Day* us, 
Deyhua). 

Dik [dik], sb. a ditch. — Cooper. 

Dill-cup [dil'kup], or Yellow-cup, sb. Ranunculus arvensis ; the 
* tufted crow- toe ' of Milton (Lycidaa, 143). — "Wise, North Uanta. 

Dillijon [dil*ijaun],s&. a heavy two- wheeled cart. The similarity of 
this word to the French diligence is apparent. N. and Q. let Ser. v. 
251. The writer had only heard it at Fullerton, a secluded spot in 
Hampshire. 

Dirt [durt], sb. loose earth, or mould ; it has no reference to want of 
cleanliness. — N. H. 

Dis-sight [dis'seit], sb. a blemish, a' disfigurement. Ex. * 'twill be no 
dia-aight to cut that tree.' — N. H. 

Dis-remember [dis-rememb'ur], v. to forget. — J. 

Dish-washer [dish-wash'ur], sb. the wa.Q:tail ; doubtless from tho 
constant sweeping motion of the tail. *Ak. In Hants, the wagtail 
is also called 'Molly diah-waaher.' — Wise. 

Doaty [doat'i], adj. unsound, decayed, rotten. Applied to wood. — 
N. H. 



HAMPSHIRE GLOgSAnt. 



•2o 






Dock [dok], gh. Riimex sanguineus, to which greRt medicinal virttipn 
"TB nttributed bj' the coiintrv people. A decoction of dock-root, callod 
dock-root tea,' is considered an excellent purifier of the blood : and 
the leaf is supposed to he good for the sting of a nettln. Wien a 
child is stung, be plucks a dock-leaf, und, laying it on the part aSected, 



' Out 'ettle, in rfoci. 
Dock shall ha' a. new smock : 
'Bttle zhant ha' narmn [ne'er 



Chaucer's Troil. and Crtu. 



See the expression ' Nettle in, doke out 

ed. Bell, vol V. p. 196. *Ak. 
Dock, V. to dock a book, to tear out the leaves. — Winch. Scit. Ol. 
Dook-yard mead [dok'jaa<I-meed], eh. oa reuently as thirty or forty 

years ago eyory lubourer was either a poacher or smuggler, very often 

a combmatioa of the two ; and to this day various tields far inland, 

are still callod the dockyard-vitad. — Wise, New Forest, p, 170 (a.d. 

1863). 
Doe [doa], eh. the female of the buck, i. o. of the stng-lwetlo. — Wise, 

Netv Forett. See Buck. 
Doff [dauf], ti. to do oS ; to doff ibe coat or hat. *Ak. 
Dogberries [dog-beria], sh. pi. the hips of the wild rose {Rosa 

I'liiiiim), ^odogroMc, — Wiso. 
Bogged [dog-ed], adj. (a Jiayllable), very, excessive ; as ' dogged 

cuUi,' vury acute. "Ak. 
Dog's grass [dogz'graas], sh. C'i/>wmirus crislalus. HoUoway's 

l>idii><iarij.—3 . B, 
Dogwood [dog'wuod], ah. Rhamnus Frangula. E. Turner, Butaa- 

(i/oy/d, lG(i4.— J. B. But note that dmj is often pronounced daug in 

North Hunts. 
Dole [Uoal], »h. food giveu in charity, at Christmas-tide. — N, H. 
Dole [deal], «&. a Htmt-^om, daver trick. — Winch. Seh. 01, From 

duliit, a. trick. — Adams' Wykehamica, p. 422. 
Dolifler [doal -ifeiur], ah. one who contrives a trick, — Adams' Wyfce- 



h<i„. 



; ibid. 



Dell [dol], sb. the smallest pig in a litter. — Wise, New Fureid. 

Dollop [dol'up], tb. (1) Cooper has dnllop, a packet or lump of lea, 
weighmg kota 6 to 18 pounds, so packe<l for the convenience of 
smu^ling. On which Wise notes — a dollop of tea was a certuiu 
weight, equal to 2S ponudd in Hants. 

(2) afc. A lump of anytlung. Ex. ' Them 'taters ato dollopi of flour. ' 



J' 



■Ak. 



Don [don], to do on, to put on. 

DoEnarg [don-arg], v. to argue in an overbearing manner ; to crn- 

iict (lit. to down-argue). Ex. ' Hd'd doiuiurg oon out of oon's 

istian niun6.' Bee Harg, — Wise. 



26 HAMPSHIRE GLOSSARY. 

Sonnings [don-ingz], «6.^Z. things put on, clothes, apparel. ♦Ak. 
See Don. 

Sorymouse [dorimous], sh, a dormouse. — Wise. 
Sotchel [doch'ul], sh, a small animal of its kind. — K H. 

Dount [dount], v. to dent, dint, imprint. 

* Here's the poor harmless hare from the woods that is tracked, 
And her footsteps deep dounted in snow.' 

Song in N. F., entitled * A Time to lieinemher the Poor,* — Wise. 

Dout [dout], V. a. to do out, put out, extinguish. Ex. * We've 
douted the fire.' 

Dowel [dovTil], sh. the devil. *Ak. 

Sown-along-Yolk [doun-ulong-voak], «Z». the * down-along-folk,' i. e, 
the inhabitants of Dorset and the West ; opposed to up-along-volk, L e. 
those in Surrey, Sussex, &c. — Wise. 

Downaxg. *Ak. See Donnarg. Also pronounced downharg. 

Dowse [dous], ah, a blow ; as, * a dowse in th* chops,* a blow in the 
face. *Ak. 

Dowse [dous], r. to beat down. — N. 11. 

Drag [drag], sK a heavy harrow. — N. H. 

Drag, v. a. to harrow with a drag. — ^N. H. 

Draggle-tail [drag-l-tail], sh, a slattern. — J. 

Drail [drail], sh, a land-raiL N. and Q. 1st Ser. x. 400. (A mere 
contraction.) 

Drash [drash], v, to thrash. — ^Wise. 

Drashel [drash-ul] r. a thrashel, i, e, a flail. — Wise. 

DratUed [drat 'Id], pp. used like * hanged,' as a profane oath ; as, 
* No, 1*11 be drattled if her is.' In his Olos. Akorman gives -* Dratthy 
a corruption of a profane oath, ** God throttle," but not thus under- 
stood now.' Probably it was never so understood, but is a more vari- 
ation of dratted^ which is from draty a corruption, I suppose, of * God 
rot,' as it is also used in the form drot, — W. W. S. 

Draut [draut], sh. the throat. *Ak. 

Dray [drai], sh. (1) A squirrel's nest. * A boy has taken three little 
squirrels m their nest, or drey, as it is called in these parts.' — White's 
Nat. Hist, of Selhornef Letter xxxiv. note, ed. 1843. Chiefly North 
Hants. In the Now Forest they use caye.—V^isQ. In W. Browne's 
Bri(aunid*8 Piistorahj Bk. i. 5, we read of a squirrel that he * gets to 
the wood, and hides him in his dray.* — W. W. S. 
(2) A prison. — Wise, New Forest. 

Dredge [drej], sh. (1) Oats and barley mixed. —Cooper ; See A. V. 
Job XX3V. 6 (margin). See Drudge. 
(2) A bush-harrow.- 



Drouth [drout], sh. thirst. Cf. AS. dmga'S. *Ak. 



HAMPSHIRE GLOSSARY. 27 

Sroathy [droutd], adj, thirsty, dry. ♦Ak. 

Brow [droa], v. to throw. See Akerman's Wilts, Tales, p. 170. 

Browd, pp, of drorOy i. e. thrown. *Ak. Also used, I believe, for 
the pt. t i, e. threw. 

Drove-road [droavToad], sb, an unenclosed road over one field 
leading to another. — Cooper. 

Bmcksy [dnik-si], adj. rotten, decayed, used especially of wood. — 
N. H. 

• 

Drudge [druj], sh, dredge, mingled corn, oats mixed with barley. 
— Wise, New Forest , p. 193. See Dredge. 

Drudge [druj], v. to harrow with bushes. — Cooper. 

Drug-bat [drug-bat], t. e, a drag-bat, a drag for awheel See Bat. — 
Wise. 

Dmmbledore [drumb'Idoar], sh, the humble-bee. See Dumble-dore. 

Wise. 

Drunch [drunch], r. to draw up, to press, to squeeze. — ^Wise, New 
Forest, 

Dry [drei], adj, thirsty. — N. H. 

Drythe [dreidh], sb, drought, thirst. — J. 

Dubhed [dub*d], adj, blunt, without a point *Ak. 

Dubbin o* drenk fdub-n u drenk], sb, a mug of beer. ♦Ak. A half- 

• pint of beer. — Wise. 

Dubby [dub'i], o/^*. short, blunt, not pointed ; as * dubby fingers,' and 

• * dubby nose. — Cooper. 

Dubersome [deu'bursum], adj, doubtful. — J. 

Duck [duk], sh, expression of face. — Adams' Wykehamica, p. 422. 
Com. as a school-boy's word. 

Dudder, Duther [dud-ur, dudh-ur], v, to confuse, deafen, confound 
with noise. ♦Ak. 

Duds [dudz], sh, petticoats, clothes. — J. Com. 

Duffer [duf'ur], sb. a pedlar; applied only to a seller, or rather 
hawker, of women's clothes. — Cooper. 

Dumble [dumb-l], adj, stupid. *Ak. See DummelL 

Dumble-dore [dumb*l-doar], sb. (the humble-bee^ a large species of 
wild bee, remarkable for the noise it makes in nying. The name is 
evidently expressive of the noise made by this insect Forby elegant' y 
refers to the fiofiptvoa fii\g(T<ra of Theocritus, but the Teut bommen^ 
sonare, appears to be its more immediate root. — F. M. Dumb, like 
Hum and Boom^ is an imitative word. — W. W. S. 

Dummell [dum'l], adj, slow to comprehend. — N. H. Cf. Ger. diimm. 

Dumpt [dumpt], adj, blunt : comparative, dumpter, — ^N, H. 



28 HAMPSHIRE GLOSSARY. 

Stinch [dunch], adj, slow of comprehension ; deaf. — Cooper. Deaf, 
stupid. Ex. *■ Dunch as a bittle/ t. e. deaf as a beetle. *Ak. Common 
in the New Forest. — Wise. Cf. * And all the daughters of music be 
deaf ; that is when the eares be dull and (funcA.'— Newton, An HerhaU 
to the Bible [1587] p. 237. The allusion is to Ecclesiastes xii 4, where 
the Vulgate has * Ohsurdescent omnesJUice carminia.* 

Siinch-dimipling [dunch-dump'lin], sh, a hard dumpling, made of 
flour and water. *Ak. 

Dnnnftmany [dun'u^meni], for * I don*t know how many.' — Cooper. 

Snimaiiiuch [dun*u'much], for * I don't know how mucf — Cooper, 

Dannies [dun*iz], sb, pL Petasites vulgaris, — J. B. 

Swarf elder [dwaurf-eld'ur], ah, JEgopodium Podagravia. * The 
common name throughout Hants.* — Dr. Bromfield, Flora Vedensis, 
202.- J. B. 



Eairts [airtz], sb, (1) Stubble. 

(2) That which is refused at meals. — N. H. t. e, orta. 

Earth [urth], sb, to one, two, three earths, means to plough the 
ground once, twice, or thrice; to sow after one, two, or three 
ploughings. — Lisle. 

Earth-nuts [urth-nuts], sb, j?Z. the tubers of (Enanthe pimpinelloides. 
Dr. Bromfield in Phytologist, 0. S. iii 260.— J. B. 

Easy [ee'zi], adv. easily ; for which it is generally used in N. H. Ex. 
' He U easy walk that far.* ' That can easy be mended.* 

Eath, or Yeath, sb, earth. *Ak. 

Edge-gprown [edj-groan], adj, coming up uneven ; not ripening 
together. — Lisle. 

Een-a-most [een*u'moast*], even almost, nearly. — Cooper. 

Ees [ees], sh, an earth-worm. — J. Halliwell and Wright spell it 
Eace. 

Eez [eez], adv, yes. *Ak. 

Effet [ef'ut], sb. an eft, a kind of lizard. A.S. Efeta. — N. H. Also 
•Ak.andN. F. 

Elam [eal'um], sb. a handful of thatch. * Common in the New 
Forest Three elam$ make a bundle^ and 20 bundles a score^ and 4 
scores a ton.* — Wise, New Forest, See Yelm in HalliwelL 

Eldem [el-dum], sh. an elder-tree. ♦Ak. 

Eldem, adj. anything made of the elder-tree. *Ak. 

Ellum [el-um], sb, elm, the elm-tree. — N. H. 

Elm. See Helm. 



Ex. 



IIAMPSUIRE GLOSSARY. 

Q [ul'nmii], uJj. made of elm. Also a'l. ' ao i-linin tree,' an 
tree. *Ak. As, an adjective it ahould, no dnubt, be spelt Elmei 
• Oaken,' ' Boocheu,' ' Golden,' &c— W. H. C. 

Emmet [em'ut], nb. an ant. — Wise. 

Emmet-liumpB [em'ut-humps], eb. pi anthillB. — Wise. 

Empt [enipt], V. a. to empty, to void, to pour out. 'Ak. 

Enjoy [enjoi'l, c. to thrive, to grow fruely. Used of plants. 
'They oaks do soem to eiijoi/ the'selves.' — N". H, 

ErisheB [erishaz], s!>. pi. stubble.— N. H. 

Erahe [ursli], sb. stumble. — Lisle. See Erishes. 

Eten-bird [ee-tn-burJ], little, gh. the wryneck, ' Known in the 
New Forest as the ""Little Eteii binl," and from its cry the " Weet- 
bird." ' — Wise, New Forest, p. 310. See also Barley-bird and FoU- 
iug-bird. 

Ether [edb-ur], *6. a piece of pliant underwood wound between the 
stakes of a new-mado hedge. — Cooper. Thoy speak of an ' ether- 
hedge,' 1. 1. a. hedge made uke a hurdle. — Wise. From A.S. eder, a, 
hedge. *Ak. In a 'stake and ether hedee,' the stake is the upright, 
the ether the horizontal twisted rod. ' When you intend to stoiik a 
pool with earn or tenuh, make a close etheritig hedge, across the head 
of the pool, about a yard distance off the dam, and about three feet 
above the water.' — Bowlker, qu. in Iiaak Walton, pt i. iJi. 20. 

Ether [edlvur], v. to bind h'idgcs with flexible roda called elhcrs. — 
Wise, Neie Forest, p. 193. 

Ere-jar [eev-jaa], *6. the goit-aucker. Soo Fnokeriiige. 

Evet. See Effet 

Eye [ei], sb. ' A light eye,' a hreuk in the clouds, — Wise. 

Eyoty rei'util, aJJ. like an eyot or island, £x. ' That eyati/ piece 
^■'liear the foi-d.'— N. II. 



^Fag [f:»tr]. ''- to reap oata. — N. ami Q. 1st Ser. 400. Com cut with 
Uio Hitkle is said to \m fagged. — Wise. 
Faggot [fag-ut], sb. a ' trimmed ' bundle of fire-wood. •Ak. Sco 
Sarin. The word faggot is never used in North Hunts ; ' bavin " is 
till) Icnu uaivorBally employed.— W. 11. C. 
Faggot [fiig'ut], ab. a term of reproach [to a female] — J. 
Faggots [i'ltg-utz], sb. })l. a savoury mess of liver and onions, — J. 
Fairy-bntter [fait-i-hut'ur], eb. Tremdla.—J. T. Nodoel 
Fairy's Bath [foir-iz-boath], sb. Peiiza ci 
1 [luul], sb. the lime of cutting timber.- 
1 [laulj, tb. a volley.— F. M. 



30 HAMPSHIRE GLOSSARY, 

Fallals [fal'alz], sh, pi, the mu7idu8 mtUiebris [a woman's ornaments]. 
Eorby limits it to flauntiug and flaring ornaments, and deriyes it 
from the Lat. phalerce ; but this is very doubtful. — ^F. M. 

Fardel [faa*dul], sb, a part. Certain classes were divided into three 
fardels, or paits, for the examination. — Winch. Sch, 01, 

Fashion [fash'un], ah. a corruption of farcey, a disease in horses. 
•Ak. Akermann relates the following : — An old Wilts farmer, when 
his grand-daughters appeared before him with any new piece of 
finery, would ask what it all meant. The girls would reply, * fashion, 
gran vather,* when the old man would rejoin, ' Ha ! many a good 
horse has died o* th' fashion I * 

Fat flab [fat flab], sb, a cut off the fat part of a breast of mutton. — 
Adams* Wykehamica, p. 423. 

Fat hen [fat hen], sb. Chrysanthemum segetum [1]. — J. B. 

Fayour [faivur], v, to resemble, to be like. Ex. * He very much 
favours his mother.' — J. 

Fay [fai], v, to act or work notably. * It fays well * ; it works well ; 
it answers. —Cooper. So also, *it don't /ay at alL* — Wise. C£ Fr. 
faire. 

Fearfol [feerfuol], ae?;. timorous, timid; ^o, fearful man,* a timid 
man. The word occurs in 3 Hen, VL v. 4. 

Feam [vee*urn], sb. fern. — N". H. 

Featish [feetish], adj. fair, tolerable, middling. Ex. * How be *ee1* 
^Featishy thank 'e.' — * There's a /ca^wA crop of grass yonder.' — Chaucer 
haafetis; Prol. 157. *Ak. 

Feck [fek], sb. a pointer. — J. 

Feck, adj. worthless. — J. 

Felling-bird [fel-ing burd, vel-ing hurd], the wryneck, Yunx torquilla. 
Sometimes called the stripping-bird. It derives these names from its 
note being first heard about the time (April) when oaks are felled, and 
the bark stripped. — N. H. 

Fen [fen], abbreviated from Fend or Defend ; an expression in fre- 
quent use among schoolboys, and applied in various ways. Seo Let 
and SweaL *-Ai. gives the form fend ; it is short for defend. See 
Fingy. 

Fenny [fen*i, ven'i], adj. mouldy. Ex. * blue vennied cheese.* — J. 

Fern-owl [furn-oul], sb. the goat-sucker. See Fnckeridge. 

Fescue [fes-keu], sb. a kind of grass (Lat Festuca). — J. 

Fess [fes], adj. used among schoolboys to express — confident, pre- 
sumptuous. * You are yery fess,* Probably a corruption of fierce, — 
F. M. To be fess is to be set up, elated, in high spirits. — ^Wise. 

Fessy [fes-i], adj. (1) Proud, upstart. 

(2) Put out, flurried; * fashed,' as the Scotch would say. — Wise, 
New Forest. 



UAMPSHIRE GLOSSARY. 

Fetch [fcoli], all. 0. trick.— J. 

Fetch [fooh], V. aaad with reference to cliiirning butter. 'To f/t/eh 
the butter,' to raise the cream iuEo a certain cousifitenoj. — Wiae, 
New I'orcal. 
Feyer [vei'ur], ah. a fair. Ex. ' Be'eat a-gwine lo/eyer.' — N. H. 
Fid [liil], gb. n piuco. Ex. 'A Jul at clieose,' — J, 
Fig [fig], «6. a raisin, A figghd cake, a plum-cake, mode with 

nviaina and currants, Afiyged pudding, a pluin-pudding. 
File ffeil], sb. a doep cunning person. So a hare is said ' to run her 

file' i. o. foiL — Cooper, 
Fingers-and-Thiunfai [lin-giire-and-thumz], sh. pi. Ldiu eomiadatue. 

— J. 1!. 
Fiiijy [finj'i], a corrnpLion of 'fen t [or rather of '/end /] ; when 
U01I10 Olio of a DiimbL'F uf hoys bad eomethtag unpleasant to do, the 
ono who %t,\A finyy last had to do it. — M'iiich. Seh. Gl. See Fen. 
Adams gives it as jii'ge, and imugines it to be the Latin rendering of 
/eiijH.— H'ykthumka. p. 423. 
Fir-apples [fur-ap-Iz], sb. lA. cones of PintiS sylvcstn's. — Hulloway'a 

DietioiiaTy.^J . U, 
Fir-needles [fur-nee-dlz], »b. jA. the leaves of the Scotch Fir, Pinits 

t!)ti'filrU.—ii. II. 
Fire-bladder [feir-hlad-urlcfi. a pimple or eruption on the face. — 
. Wise, New Foretl. See Bunch, and Bladder. 
Firk [furk]. V. A dog ia said to _firk himself when eearching and 

Bcratcbing for fleas on bis body. — Wiso. 
Fit [fit], a'lj. a Jil time, i. e. a. long time ; fit deal of trouble, t. e. 

much trouble.— .y, and Q. lat S. x. iso. 
Fittea [fit-un], »b. a pretence. "Ak. 
Fitten [fifnl, part. prea. fit, proper. — Cooper. Put fur fitt in', i.e. 

filling. 
Fii-pgf [fiz-gigl, ah. a whirligig; a round piece of iron or brass, ser- 
rated at tliB nm ; through two holes near the oentro. a piece of whip- 
cord is passed. When sot in inotioti by the twiatiu^ of the string, 
either in the air or in water, it makes a whizzing, hissing, or fitziiij 
noise.— P. SI. 
Flags [flagz], s5. jil. (1) The pieces of tnrf which are pared oET, iu 
buniing land. ' The practice of harrowing after burning shakos 
much earth from thefiaga.' — Driver'a General View o/ AyriciiUure in 
Ha«tt (London. 1794), p. 88.— W. W. 8. 
(2) The leaves of Typha lati/oUa. Dr. Bromfield's MSS.— J. B. 
Flannel-plant [flan-l-plaaDt], nb. Vei-bascum T/utpms. — Dr. Uromfield 

iu Phjloh-yiil, 0,8. iii. SOS.— J. B. 
Flapper [llap-ur], sb. a young bird that has just taken wing, but 
cannot fly fast— Cooper. Applied iu Hants to young wild-ducka, 
as, ' To go a j^opper-ahootiug, — Wise. 



32 HAMPSHIRE GLOSSARY. 

Flead [fleed], sb, the fat inside the skin of a pig. 

Fleck [flek], sb. (l) The fat of a pig before it is boiled down into 
lard. ♦Ak. has the spelling /fJcA:, vlick, 
(2) The for of the hare.— tf. 

Fleet [fleet], sb,* (I) A sheet of water. — N. H. 
(2) A ditch filled by tide.— J. 

Fleet [fleet] v. to float. — Cooper. 

Flem [flem], sb, a * fleam/ or farrier's lancet, for bleeding cattle. 
•Ak. 

Flem-8tick [flem-stik], 8b, the small stick used for striking therein 
into the vein. 'Ak. 

Flew [floo] adj\ puny, weak. — K H. See Flue. 

Flick [flik], 8b. a thin membrane. — J. 

Flick, V. a. (!) To inflict a smart, stinging pain, by striking the 
hand, &c. with [the corner or end of a] silk-handkorchief or other 
article. 

(2) To strike a horse a sharp stroke with the end of the lash of a 
whip. — ^N. H. 

(3) V. w. to fluttw. — Blackmore*s Cradock Nowelly \L p. 63. 

Flick. See Fleck. 

Flicking-comb [flik*in-koam], sh a large-toothed comb. — J. 

Flipper-de-flapper [flip'ur-di-flap'ur], sb. noise and confusion caused 
by show. — Cooper. 

Flisky [flisk'i], adj, small, minute ; as ^flishj rain,' t. e. fine rain. 
— Wise, New Forest, 

Flitch [flich], sb, a plank cut from the middle of a tree. Ex. ' We'll 
get a good flitch out of that 'ere tree.' — N. H. 

Flitch, adj. (1) Impertinent, busy, lively. — *Ak. 

(2) Good-natured, good-humoured. Ex. *You are yotj flitch to- 
day,* t. e, good-natured. — Wise, New Forest. Hence— 

(3) Over-friendly. Ex. ' Don't be too flitch wi'un.'— J. 

Flitterings [flit'uringz], sb. pL the tops of oak- trees when lopped. — 
Wise, New Forest, p. 183. 

Flitter-mouse [flitmr-mous], sb. a bat. Cf. Germ. Fledermaus. — 
N.H. 

Flittems [flit'umz], sb. pi. oak saplings. ' Oak-trees and clean oak 
flitterna with their tops, lops, and bark.* — Bill of Sak at Huraley, 
June 1876. Asking a man exactly what was meant hy flitterns, I was 
told that they would be so called until they were as thick as, or tiiicker 
than, a man s leg. — W. F. Hose. 

Floddy [flod'il, adj. plump, stout. Ex. * They pigs hQfloddier than 
youm. — N. II. 

Flock [flook], sb. a hydatid worm found in the livers of rotten sheep. 
*Ak. Com. See Fluders. 



HAMPSniRE 0103SABT. 



Hop [flop], OLtlv. jiluiup, flat. — F. M. Ea. 'To fall /op down.' 



pi. animals fi 
a oallod fluokt i 



■ jladerl in Hants. — Wifle. 



h 



flonndera [i 

eLeep.— Cooper. They a 

Sue riudera. 
Floose [Qoud], V. to dabble, eplosb, play in the water ; said u[ 

children, dacks, &c. eplaahing in the water. — Wise. 
Floosll-hole [flotish-banl], a hole that receives the waste water from 

a mill-pond, and into wnich it flows with great fiulonce, — Cooper. 
Flnoks [flukzl, u, a. to peck in anger like a hen. Ex. ' Th' old hen 

fiuekaed "nn. 
Tlodere [flood-u«], th. pi. wonns, which on certain land get into the 

livers of sheep, when the animal is eaid to be cothed. CMled also 

Jfooki waA ftounden. — Wise, Nan Forett, See Cothe. 
Flue [floo], adj. waahy, weakly, liublo to catch cold, tender. Ex. 

■ That hoi^se is very Jjfue.'— Cooper. Also called Jlitvy [floo 'i].— Wise. 



Bwriew. 



of a coat, or any light goasamor 8ubBt;ince.- 



Plnah [fluah], adj. fledged. "Ak. 

Tliull, tflj. even or level. — Cooper. Probably general among rac- 
chanicB. * Fluih, a term common to workmen, and applied to eui'racea 
whieh are on the a&mo plane.'— Wealo's Did. of Ttrmt in ATchitedurt, 
£c. 5th ed. 

Flying-snakei [flei-in-snaikz], «i. pi. dragon-flies. — Wiae. 

beer. — Cooper. Ex. 'Howthe beer/o6ji.'' — 

Pogey [foa-gi], adj. passionate. — Wise, New Furett, p. 190. 
Foldihore [foal'dshor], »h. the stake, or shore, which supports the 
hurdle of the sheopfold.— N. H. 
ITool [fool], «&. a wag; a witty person; one who diverts the com- 
I pany. Ex. ' He do make mo laugh so, he be such at/uol,' — N. H. It 
uua, in this sense, no referonue to want of intellect. 
Footy [foo-ti], nJJ. foolish. — Wiae, New Forett, p. 190. Paltry, 
trifling, Tameless. *Ak. Silly, foolish, beneatii notice. — Cooper. 
Also, contemptibly small 

Fore-right [foa-r-reit], aitj. headstrong.— Cooper. In ' Hanlsa/orf- 
right person is an idiot, or a simple person, viz. one that without 
consideration runs headlong and does things hand over head.'- Dr. 
Pogge, Oli». o/Kenticitmt; E. D. S, Oloe. C. 3.— W. W. S. 

Fork [fauk], »b, a digging fork with three tines. See Prong. — N. H. 
Foteh [foch], pi. t. otvh. to fetch. — Wise, Nets Forett, p. 190. 
_ Fotehed [foch-d], pr. of fet*;h.— N. H. 

1st], V. u. to become musty or mouldy. — N". IL 



34 HAMPSHIRE GLOSSARY. 

Fousty [fou'sti], adj, musty, mouldy. — N. H. 

Fowsty [fou'sti], <nJlj, musty, ill-savoured. It is also spoken of tlio 
asthma called the fowst^ and a person is said to be fow9ty when he 
has a fit of it. — F. M. 

Fractious [frak'shus], adj, quarrelsome, fretful. *Ak. But this is 
general 

Frail [frail], sb, a rush basket, in which labourers carry their food. 
Ex. * And in his/rai/ a most glorious dinner, hanging on a hedge- 
stake.' — ^Blackmore's Cradock Nowell, iii. p. 65. 

Fray [frai], v. a. to frighten. See Bird-fraying. — K HL 

Fresh [fresh], eb. homebrewed small-beer, requiring to be drunk new 
or fresh. — Uooper. 

Fresh liquor, sb, unsalted hog's fat. *Ak. 

Frim [frim], adj. growing fast, full of sap. — N. H. 

Fringed water-lilies [frlnj-d wau-tur li-liz], Menyanthes nymphij- 
oiiiesy ah, the buckbean. 

Frit [frit], pp. as adJ, frightened. — N. atul Q. Ist Ser. x. 120. See 
Frought. 

Fritoh [frichl, adj. intimate, sociable. — Grose ; F. M. The same as 
Flitch. iJx. * You are very fritch with your advice,' t. e. very 
forward or impertinently busy. — ^Wise. See Flitcli. 

'Frith [frith], sb. copse- wood. — Wise, New Forest, p. 183. 

Frithing [fridh'ing], part pr. cutting underwood. — Blackmorc's 
Cradock Nowdl, iii. 64. 

Froar [froar], pp. frozen, ♦Ak. — Wise. 

Fromward or Frommard [frum-urd], sb. a tool used in lath-rending 
or cleaving. — N. H. 

Frought [fraut], pp. frightened. — N. and Q. 1st Ser. x. 120. Some- 
times pronounced Frit. 

Front [front], adj. angry. — Winch. ScJi. Gl. 

Frow [frou], adj. apt to break off short. — N. H. 

Frum [frum], adj. fresh, juicy ; applied to corn, grass, vegetables, 
&c. *Ak. Apples from the tree are said to bo frum. See Frim. 

Frump [frump], sb. a cross old woman. — F. M. 

Frying-pans [frei-in-panz], sb. pi. the * cups ' of acorns. — ^Wise. 

Fudgy [fudj'i], adj. irritable, fistful, uneasy. Ex. * They young cows 
are apt to he fudgy in milking.* — N. H. 

Funch [funch], v. a. to push rudely. Ex. * He funclied me, an' I 
funched 'un agin.' — J. A mispronunciation for punch. 

Furk [furk], v. to expel; to ho furked, to he expelled. — Winch. Sch. 
01. [Old EDg. Jirke, to drive away.] 



HAHrSHIRE GLOSSARY. 3<> 

*arl [furlj, v. to throw. Ex. ' S,e/arl''d a geart etick at liia head.' 



Fnrze 



— <n (Probably a mUprouonciatiuii of IlarL) 

lireas. — E. Turner, Solanohyia, 1664. 

.. _. „ . m. ' fuz.' So prououncod, but in North 

Ilanla the Ulix ie generally called Gorse. 
Forze-hacker ffiiz-hak-ur], sh. the bird whiuchat; ho called from its 

cry.— Wise, Nav Forest, p. 270. 
Furze-jack [fuz-jak], sb. the whinchat.— 
Fusty [fuat'i], adj. thirsty. •Ak. 



Gaany [gaan-i], adj. sticky. — N. U, 

Gaa oot [yaa oot], iiderj. go out, go outwards ; addrecsoil to horses in 

a team. The opposite to cuoin heilder, come hither. *Ak, 
Gaby, eb. a atupid or clumsy fellow. 'Ak. Com. 
Gaffer [gaf-urj, nb. grandfather. —Cooper, 

Gag [gag], V. to choke ; like a dog or eat in eating greedily. — J. 
Gait [gait], th. a crotchet, a wbini. ' When a person has done any- 

ttiibg foolish, he says— ■' This is a c/aii I have got."' — Wise, New Forest. 
Gale [gail], xb. an old bull, castrated. — Grose ; Warner; F. M. 
Gall [gaiil], nb. a. disease in the oak tree. — W. H. C. 
Galley [gaH], v. to frighten.— Wise, New Forest, p, ICS. "Ak. 

Kgivea — ' galitrid, gallowed, frighteoo-L' Chuttertou has the vord, 
which ha no doubt picked up at BriatuL 
' List ! now the thtinder'a rattling noisy sound 
Moves alowly on, and then, fiill-BWoUen, clangs; 
Shakes the high spire, and luat, expended, drowned, 
Still on the 'jiiUurd ear of terror hangs.' 
See 
eD< 
Ul. 
pet 
tll( 



1 ]i'orki, ed. Skeat, iu 112. 



See also Trant. of the Phil. Soc., 18J3, pt i. jip. 123, 124, with refer- 
ence to galUiiB iu Shakespeare's Kimj Lear, iu. 2. 

c a. to drive away. Ex. ' Oallvy them pigs out o' the 
peaaen.'— J. Evidently a second moaning of the same verb. 

[ey-bafgar [gnl-i-bag-ur], th. a scarecrow.— Wise, A'cw Fortr-t, 
p. 165. *Ak. eivee the form gaUeij-cmw. Evidently compounded 



a the preceding. 

Gallowa [galuz], sb. a frame formed by flxing four poles, two an 
two, in the ground, crossed X wise, and laying anotlior pole acroB 
against which planks or boards are set wheu sawn out, to dry.- 

Oalla [gaulz], by, hiterj. ' By Galls ! ' an oath,— Wise, 
mbiil [gam'brel], nb. a. ajjieader.— J. 



36 HAMPSHIRE GLOSSARY. 

Gameling [gam*ulin], romping about. — Cooper. Used of children 
plaj'ing. — Wise. Merely a corruption of gambolling, 

Oames [gaimzl, sb. pL tricks. Ex. ' He played strange games wi' 
'un.'— N. H. 

Gamesome [gai'umsum], adj. forward, dissolute. — N. EL 

Oammer [gamnir], ab, grandmother. — Cooper. 

Oammocky [gam'uki], adj, wild, full of tricks. Ex. ' Most boys be 
gammocky at first.'— tN. H. 

Oant [gaant], adj, gaunt ; thin, lean, long-legged. — Cooper. 

0am [gaan], ah. a garden. *Ak. 

Oawney [gaun-i], ab. a simpleton. *Ak. A stupid person. — -N. H. 

Oear [geer], ab. the harness of horses, &c. *Ak. 

Oeam [gairn], ab, a garden. — N. H. 

Oeart [gurt], adj. great. — N. H. 

Gee [jee], v, to agree, to go on well together. *Ak. 

Genuine [gen'euin], ab, praise. The adjective * immense ' was pre- 
scriptively attached to it. Ex. 'He got immense genuine for his 
voluntary from the Doctor.' —Adams' WykeJuimica, p. 424. 

Gettet [get'et], pp. or adj. sprung, or slightly cracked. — Wise, New 
Forest, 

Gibber [jib'ur], ab. foolish talk. — Wise. 

Gie [gee], v, to give. ♦Ak. 

Giggle [gig'l], V, to stand awry, to stand crooked. Especially of 
small things, which do not stand upright. — Wise, Neio Forest. 

Gild-cnps [gild'kupz], ab, pi. buttercups and marsh marigolds. The 
latter are sometimes called halcups, ' Mardon-ground, that takes 
more pride in the company of the cowsUpp, then the gilt-cup which 
carrieth the garland from the rest.' — Yaughan (of New Court) ; Here^ 
fordsh. Waterworks, sig. Q. 2. 

Gill-go-by-groand [jil-goa-bei-ground], ab. Nepeta glechoma. — R 
Turner, Botanologia, 1664. — J. B. 

Gimmel [gim-l], ah, a ^ gambrcl,' an iron or wooden splinter used in 
hanging up a pig, sheep, &c. by the tendons of the hock. *Ak. 

Girt, adj. See Geart. 

Glincy [glinsi], adj. smooth, slippery; applied only to ice. — 
Cooper. 

Glope [gloap], v, to spit. — Winch. Sch. 01, 

. 

Gloxing [gloks'in], ah, the noise made by falling, gurgling water. 
— Wise, New Forest, p. 186. *Ak. has * Olox, — the sound of liquids 
when shaken in a barrel.' 

Glnm [glum], adj, dull, heavy, out of spirits, sulky, gloomy. — 
Cooper. Com. 



ILAMPSHIRE GLOSSARY. 



Bob.— WiBo, New Forest, j). 190. 



tUnteh fgluchl, v. (1) to stiflo t 

(2) To swallow. -Alt. 
Onash [naah], aitj. crude, raw. — Lisle. 

GoadBman [goad-zmun], nh. the driver of an ox-tcam. Es. ' Thee'at 
a kind-hearted noadnmiin. as ever went to field.'— Uoracc Smith's Nm> 
Forat. A novel. 1829. ii. p. 22. 
God A'mi^tity'E colly-cow [god iimeitiz Icol i-kou], nh. i\w ladybird ; 
CoetAnella lejdrmpuncluta : which it Is couBiderod unlucky to kilL 
Hants children repeat this rhyme ; — 

' Qvd a'might>j» coUy-cow, 
Fly up to boaTsn ; 
Carry up ten iKillnd, 
And bring down eleven.' 
They also iiso the common rhyme, quoted ill Biimoa. 
K)d a'mi^llty'B thumb-and-fiagerg, sb. Lotiia eornietdnliis. See 

Zinsera. 
toggle [gos*']i *''- eliiike, tremor. Ex. ' Eis head tnta nil on a 
gagglt' said of a paralytitk peraon. — N. H. 
Ooldonp [goa'ldltup], »h. Rmummhig hulhonu {and no doubt also JR. 
arrig and B. rrpnis). Holloway's Dictionary/. — J. B. Cooper saya — 
' The meadow ranunculus.' 
■■ Gold Heath [goii-ld heth] sb. Sphwrnim.—3 . B. 
JOold-or Golden-Withy [goa-kl, goal-dun-widhi],«/;. Afijrici (jule. — 
The bog-myrtle, or sweet gale. 

' Beneath their feet, the myrtle sweet 
Was stamped in mud and gore.' 

Nem Forest Ballad, by Charles Engsloy. 



' Itgrowsin all the wet places in the Forest, andix 
the fhiit being; fumiahed with reeinoua glands.' ^Wise, Nrtc 



rely sweet, 
„ - . '"P Forat. 

It also grows m damp places in the fir woods and heaths in the north 
of the countv, in the neighbourhood whore Emgsley resided. Its 
BWoet scent is very perceptible, especially after a shower, whether it 
be in fruit or only in leaf.~W. H. C. 

Goldweed [goa-Idwoed], sb. Ranwmiliw nnv»si>.— J. B. 
Gomer [goa-mur], sb. (1) A pewter dish. 

(2) A new hat-- Winch. &h. 01. Adams suggests 'go-homer' as 
the derivntion. — W^kchamica, p. 424, 

Gooding [guod'irg], sb. To 'go goading' ia when poor old women go 
about on St. Thomas's day to collect money fur Christmas. — Wise, 
Neta Forat, p. 179. The recipients are supposed to be the wives of 
holders of cottages—' coodmen," t. e. house-holders (comp. St. Matt. 

I xxiv. 43), and were called Qoodwife or Goody. Hence the name. In 
old lists of Ooodingt of Bramahill, the TedpieDts are all entered 
■ Goody so-and-so." 
iose-gogt [goo'Bgogz], sb. pi. gooseberries. — F. II. 



88 HAMPSHIRE GLOSSARY. 

Ooslings [gos'linz], sb, pi. flowers of the willow. — J. 

Oown [goun], ab. coarse brown paper. — ^Adams' Wykehamica, p. 
424. 

Orab [grab], v, to rake up with the hands so as to soil them. — Cooper, 
Of. to grub, and Germ, graben, to dig. 

Orabble [grab-l], v, to snatch or take roughly. — J. 

Orabby [grab-i], adj. grimy, filthy, dirty. — Cooper. Cf. grubby. 

Graff, Orampher [graaf, gramfur], sb, a pi^ brought up by hand. 
Wise, New Forest. See Wosset. 

Oraffage [graf 'ejl, ab, a railed fence at the junction of two ditches, 
or where a ditch abuts on a road at right augles. — N. H. 

Graimed [grai'md], adj. begrimed, dirty. *Ak. Ak. has ^ grained^ 
dirty.' 

Ghramfer [gram'fur], ab. grandfather. *Ak. 

Grammer [gram*ur], ab. grandmother. *Ak. 

Grampher. See Graff. 

Grandfather's beard [gran'faadhurz beerd], ab. a species of Equiaetum 
(mare's-tail). — Wise. 

Gray-bird [grai'burd], ab. a thrush. —Cooper. 

Grete [greet], ab. mould. — Lisle. 

Grey-mollet-hawk [grai-mul'ut-hauk], ab. the osprey, so called, near 
Christchurch, on account of his fondness for tiiat fish. — Wise, New 
Forest, p. 261. 

Gringel [gringnil], ab. the viper's bugloss ; EcUium vuJgare. The 
word is rare ; I haye only heard it once or twice. — Wise. 

Grip [gripl ab. (!) Com is said *to lie in grip,* i. e. to lie on the 
ground, before it is bound up in sheaf. — Lisle. 

(2) * A grip of wheat,' the handful of wheat grasped in reaping. 
*Ak. 

(3) A small ditch or drain. — Cooper. 

Grip, V. a. to grip or to grip up, i. e. to take up the wheat, and put 
it into sheaf. — Lisle. 

Gripe [greip], ab. an armful. — Lisle, 

Grist, Griz [grist, griz], v. to gnash and show the teeth angrily. Cf. 
AS. tb];>ei. gristbitungy gnashing of teeth; St Matt. xxv. 30. *Ak. 

Grist, ab. both the wheat sent to the mill and the flour which comes 
back are so called. * The toll is heavier than the grist,* is a common 
proverb in reference to fooHsh expense. — Wise. 

Grizing [grei'zing], ab. the snarling of a dog. — Wise, New Forest^ 
p. 186. 

Grommer [grom*url, v. to make very grimy ; said of dirt Of dirty 
children it would oe said, * It's grommered in 'em.' — Wise. 



HAMPSHIRE QLOSSART. 39 

Groom [>(roo!ii], ah. a forked stick used by thatchers for carrying 
bundles of straw. Spelt Qrom. ♦Ak. E. D. S. B. 3. 

OrosB [groas], adj, luxuriant, rank ; applied to crops. —Wise, New 
Forest, 

Oround-agli [ground ash], sb. a young ash sapling. — WincJi, 8ch. GL 

Oronnd Elder [ground elJnir], «&. uEgo podium Podagraria, *The 
common name throughout Hants.' — Dr. Bromfield in Flora Vedensia, 
202.— J. B. 

Ground-hawk [ground hauk], sK the goat-sucker. * Known through- 
out the l^orest as the night-hawky night-croWy ground-hawky from its 
habits and manner of flying.' — Wise, New Foreat^ p. 311. See 
Puckeridge. 

Gull [gul], ab. a gosling; K H. In S. Hants called also a 
maiaeiK Oidl occurs frequently in Shakespeare. — Wise. 

Gull [gull, V. to laugh, to sneer, to make mouths. *Ak. (who writes 
gule), Ex. * You have no cause to gull us.' — Wise. 

Gnmbly [gum'bli], adj. or adv. confused or disonlerly ; spoken of 
fine work. — F. M. 

Gummy [gum*i], adJ, thick-ankled.^J. 

Gumption [gum*shun], ab* ingenuity, common sense. *Ak. Kearlj 
generaL 

Gunney [gun*i], adv, archly, cunningly. * He looked gunney at me.* 
— Wise, New Forest, 

Gunney [guni], v, to look archly, knowingly. *He gunneifd at 
me,* he looked straight at me. — Wise, New Foreat, Cf. aquiny in 
Shakespeare. 

Gurgeons [gufjunz], ab, pollard, coarse flour. *Ak. 

Guzzle [guzl], V, to drink voraciously. *Ak. Com. 



Hack [hak], v, to reap beans ; the reapers use two hooks, one to 
cut, and the other, an old one, to pull up the halm. — Wise, New 
Forest, 

Hacker [hak'ur], v, to stutter, stammer. — Wise. See Hakker. 

Hackle [hak-l], ab, the straw cover of a bee-hive , the straw covering 
of the apex of a rick. Cf. A.S. hcecele, a cloak, mantle. *Ak. 

Hackle, v, to agree together. 

Haft [haaft], ab, the handle of an axe, pick-axe, or mattock. — N. H. 
C£ Germ, ha/t. 

Hag [hag], V, to cut. — J. Evidently a mispronunciation for * Jiack.* 

Hag, ab, a haw, or berry of the hawthorn. — Wise, Neto Foi'eaf, p. 
54. See below. 



40 HAMPSHIRE GLOSSART. 

Hag-berry, Hogberry [hagber'i, hog-ber'i], ab. the berry of the 

white- thorn. See abova — Wise. 
Haggils [hag-ilz], sb. pi. haws of the white-thom, N. Hants. — Wiae. 

Hagg^ises [hag-isuz], sb, pi, hips ; the berries of the dog-rose {Rosa 
canina), — F. M. 

Haggle [hag'l], V. to stand hard in dealing. — Cooper. 

Hagler [hag-lur], sv, a farm-servant ; a handy man. — J. 

Halcups [hal-kups], sb. pi. marsh-marigolds {CaWia palustrtui). 
Called atso gotd-cups, — Wise. 

Eakker [hak-ur], v. to tremble with passion. *Ak. Never used in 
this sense in In orth Hants. It probably means to be in such a passion 
that a person hackers (stammers) with rage. — W. H. C. See Hacker. 

Halm [haum], sb. the stalks of beans, peas, &c. Cooper has it under 
the name * haum,* which is the univei^ pronunciation in N. Hants. 
Cf. A.S. healm. •Ak. 

Hame [haimi, sb. small pieces ; in the phrase ' aU to hamef all to 
bits, said cf broken glass. Perhaps from wheat running * to halm* 
nronounced haim, — Wise, New Forest. It is never so pronounced in 
North Hants. 

Hames [haimz], sb. pi. the pieces of wood or metal attached to the 
collar of a horse, and to which the traces are attached. *Ak. has it. 

Hand [hand], sb. performance, part, share. Ex. 'I had no hand 
in it.' 

Handbolts [hand'boalts], sb. pi. handcuffs. — Wise. 

Handy [handi], adj. skilful, clever. *Ak. Com. 

Hangers [hangmrz], sb. pi. downs or hills. The Hangers near 
Bishop's Waltham are a line of downs on the road to Winchester. 
Somner in his Dictionary quotes from the book of Abingdon a passage 
relative to the passage of Cnut's army in 1015 : — * & ferd to Lundene 
eal be norSan Temese * & swa at )>uruh Clseighangran.* Cimghangre 
is Clay -hill, in tiie parish of Wotton, Hertfordshire. — F. M. Cooper 
defines it as * a hanging wood on a declivity of a hill.' Barnes has 

• hangerij the sloping side of a hill, called by the Germans fin abhang,* 
which is much more satisfactory. * Those hangers are woods on the 
sides of very steep hills. The trees and underwood hang, in some 
sort, instead of standing on it. Hence these places are called hangers.* 
— Cobbett's Jiural Rides, p. 87.^ 

Hanker [hank'ur], v. a. to wish. Always used with the preposition 

* after * suffixed. Ex. * To hanker after a thing ' = to wish for it. — 
N. H. 

Haps [haps] sb. a hasp. A.S. hceps. *Ak. 

\Cobbett, though not a Xlampshire man, was bom and brought up in a 
ptrish adjacent to the boundary ; lived much in the county ; and must have 
been familiar with its dialect 



UAUPSHinE GLOSSARY. 41 

■'Hard [haad], sb. a gravelly Innding-piace in a hariwur or creuk. 
Ex. ' i'ortsea H-trd ; Goeport Hard ,- triddj-'o Ward.'— W. H. C. 
Earg [haag], v. to argiio, Ex. ' They'd harg me out o' my Cliriatiaa 
name.' See Doonorg. — Wise. 

Harl [hnal], «ft. the hock of a sheep. — Wise, New Forest. 
Harl, i.'. to become knotted, or entangled. — Wise. 'Ak. gives harl, 
knotted. ' All in & harl,' all in a tangle. See Haul. 



Harts [haats], s6. pi. orts ; fragments of broken victuajs. — Cooper. 
Ex. 'who IB going to eat your harlif '^V/iaa. See £airta. 

'est-lice [haar'veat-leia], «6.pf. fruits of Galium AjMrine, and 
Agrimoiiia Hupatoria. — J. B, 

Hash [liash], adj. harsh, severe. *Ak. And also used in the sense 

of hard, not pliable, Ex. 'That rope'a too /m<A.'— N. IL 
Haskin [haEk'iu], sb. aa inferior kind of cheese. — Wise. 
Haslet [haz'lit], gh. the edible entrails of a pig.— J. 

Hassock [hfts'uk], sh. a tuft of rushes or sedges. — -Wliite'a Nat. lllst, 
of .Hrlborne : Letter viii. See Torret, 

Hat [hat], »b. (1) A clump or ring of trees, e. g. the ' Dark Hats,' 
noav Lyiidhurst. 

(2) Any small irregular mass of trees, as the ' Withy-Bod Hal,' in 
the valley, near Boldre wood.— Wise, New Forat, p. I8J. 

Hatch [Imch], »ft. a half-door, The buttery-Ad/cA, in old haUs, was a 
half-door, with a ledge on the top. A.8. /i<ec, a grating, 'Ak. Ex, 
' I opened the top-Aii(c?i,' or, ' both hatche».' — Wiaa. 

Hatch, nh. a gato. Generally a gnte dividing parishes or manors. 
Ex. The £(i<rA-gate ; the sign of a public-house at the place where 
the gato between Bramshill and Hockfield atood ; Tyler's Hatch, the 
name of the gate between Bramahill and Swallowfield. — N. H. 

Hatched [hach'd], pp. cut, trimmed ; used of cutting and trimming 
Imrk fur tlio market. See H&iden-bark.— Wise. 

Hatch-hook [hach-hookl, «ft. the kind of bill-hook used for 
ciiopjiing oak-bark small for the tanner, termed hatching bark. 

Hani [liani], ali. entanglement. ' It's all in a liaal ' ; spoken of en- 
tangled yurn, cotton, &c.^F. M. 

Haulm. See HalsL 

Haunt [liaunl], v. to haunt pigs or cattle in the New Forest, 
'in certain spot, by throwii 
e first turned out.— E. M. 



■epair to a certain spot, by throwing down beans oi 



Haves piaavj;], §b.pl. i.e. halves. The [Winchester] College 
for hidf-boots— Adams' WylKhamica, p. 425. 



42 HAMPSHIRE GLOSSARY. 

Hawbuck fhau'buk], sh, a term of reproach ; a hulking lout ; a 
clown. Used by Oobbett in his writings, and in a novel (I forget the 
title) of which the scene is laid in the New Forest. — F. M. 

Hay-hoa piaihoa], sb, Nepeta glecJioma. — R Turner, Botafiologia, 
1664.— J. B. 

Hayn, or hayn up [haini, v, a, to hedge in; to preserve grass 
grounds from cattle. — Lisle. 

Hay ward [hai'wurdj, sh, the warden of a common. — ^Wise, New 
Forest, p. 166. Aji officer of a manor. See Howard. 

Haze [haiz], v. to dry; to ripen. Ex. *The com be'ant hazed 
enough.'- 



Heal [heel], v, a. to cover in. Ex. * To heal seed with harrows ' = to 
to cover it in. — ^Lisle. 

Heart [haat], ab, goodness, condition, as applied to land. A com- 
mon covenant is to leave the land * in good heart and condition.' — 
Cooper. 

Heart, sb. Vaccinium Myrtillus, — J. B. The bilberry. 

Hearting, Harting [haat-in], sb, the gathering of bilberries ; as, 
• to go hearting.^ It should rather be harting, — Wise, New ForetL 
See Black-heart. 

Heart* »-ea8e [haats-eez], ab. Viola Tricolor, — Halliwell ) J. B. 

Hearty [haat-i], adj, consisting of heart-wood ; not sappy. Applied 
to trees, and to timber. — N. H. 

Heath-cropper [heth-krop*ur], ab, a small, poor horse. In Driver's 
Oen. View of Agriculture in Co. Hants (London, 1794), p. 27, we are 
told that the small horses bred in Hampshire, * having scarcely any- 
thing to feed on but heath, have hence derived the appellatioii of 
heath-croppers.* — W. W,- S. 

Heath-poult [heth-poalt], ab. the black grouse; Tefraa fetrix, Lin.— 
Wise, New Forest, p. 309. 

Heaves [heevz], ab, hillocks, such as ma<1e by a mole. Mole-hillocks 
are called "M-olo-heaves or W out-heaves, — Wise, 

Hecth [hekth], ab. height. *Ak. 

Hedge Lilies [liedj liMz], ah, pi. Gonooh^ulus acpium. — J. B. 

Hedge-picks [hedj-pikz], ab. pi, the fruit of the common black-thorn 
or sloe {^PrunuA spinosa). — J, B. 

Hee g^ass [hee'graas], ab, stubble of grass — Lisle. 

Heel [heel], v. properly, to cover up ; to heel in the bed-clothes 
means to tuck up the bed at the feet. — F. M. See HeaL 

Heft [heft] ab. See Haft, which is often pronounced as above. 

Heft, ab, weight. Ex. 'The heft of the branches.* — Wise, New 
Forest, p. 188. 



KAMPSUIRE GLOSSAUy. 43 

To lift a lliinii, so as to try tlio weight of it. Ek. ' To 
K'ie/t the bee-pots.' to lift the bee-hives to boo how much bouey tliey 
Loontain,— Wise, jVeu;/'or«(. p. 188. Ex. 'ifp/(un,'i.f. teol the weight 
*«fit 'Ak. 

Beirs [haira], «6, pt. young timber- trees. —Cooper. Saplings. 
Hele [beel], v. to pour out of one vessel into another. *Ak. 
Hell [hel], gb. a dark place in the woods. — Wise, N^em Forrtl. 
Helm [helm], sh. halm or straw prepareil for thatching. — Lisle. 
Helm, r. To lay the straw in order fur thatching, — Lisle. 
Heltrot [hel-trot], aft. Heraeleim Splwndffltum.—^ . B. 
Henge [henjl, si, the liver and lights and fry of a pig or sheep. Et. 

' A sboop's head nnJ henge.' ' A pig's henge.' — Wiso. 
Herder [liurd'ur], sb. a sieve. 'A rhyme about boney-combs or 



I workings says :- 
^B " Sieve upon herder, 

^H One upon the other; 

^P Uolos upon both fliilee, 

Niit all the way though. 
What may it bo ? See if you know ? ' " 

Wise, New Forett, p. 185, 

Herenoe [hefuns], or/y. hence. 'Ak. 
Hereright [hee-nreit], ado. on the spot. •Afc. 
Heriff [her'if], «S. Galium A/mnne.—3. B. 
Heth [heth], «6, beath.— N. H. 

Hiders-catch-winkera [heidura-kech-wink'nra], »b. tlio cliiUron's 
game of hide and seek. — Wiso, 



Hike l^heik], f. to go away ; used in a contemptuous sense. Ex. 

' Iliht off;' 1, r. begone. Icol. hika, hMa, to quail, shrink, Tvaver, — 

F. M. So also Cooper and *Ak. 
Hile [heil], ffi. (1) Asheaf of wheat.— Wise, JVeic/brf»i', 

(2) A shock of twelve sheaves. — J. 
Hile [bell], v. to put up wheat into sheaves. Sheaves of barley or 

oats aro called puekt. — Wiso, .\'ew Forett. 
Hil-trot [liil'trot], «'j. the wild cirrot; DaiKui earotn. — Wise, A'tw 

Fureat. But Me Heltrot. where the name is more accurately allotted 

to a dirteront plant,— W. H, C. 
Hin [binj, ;)mn. him; but (more commonly) iL Ex. 'Poor zowl on 

hin ' ; i. e, poor soul of him, ' I cant aupen ?nn, maester,' I cau't 

Open it, nuistcr. A.8. hine, Ay.ir, aoc. sing. *Ak. 

, B [binj], eft. the he^rt, liver, and lungs of a sheep. "Ak. Also 
a calf or bullock, or of a moiu^Wise, See Henge. 




44 HAMPSHIRE GLOSSARY. 

Hint [hint], v, to lay up ; to put together. — N, H. 

Hit [hit], sb, a good crop. *Ak. 

Hit, V. n. to look promising; said of crops. Ex. 'The apples kit 
well f year.' •Ak. / The com hit well,' i. e, looks welL — ^Wise. 

Hit, 17. a. to throw, to pitch. Grenerally followed by a preposition. 
Ex. ^ Hit 'un up.* So to hit out; or to hit away. Cf. Germ. 'Hebt 
es auf * = * Lift it up.'— N. H. 

Ho [hoa], sh, fuss, bustle. Ex. 'He made a great ho about it.' 
Evidently derived from the interjection Ho ! See A-ho. 

Hoar-withey [hoar-widh*i], sb, Pyrus Aria, The white-beam. — J. B. 

Hob [hob], sb, a potato-^o6, i. e. a place where potatoes are covered 
over. — wise, New Forest, p. 163. 

Hob-lantern [hob-laan*turn], sb, a Will-o'-the-wisp, a Jack-o'-lantern. 
♦Ak. 

Hock [hok], V, to hack, to cut in a haggling unworkmanlike manner. 

♦Ak. 
Hocksing [hoks'in],^^ walking rudely, trespassing. — N. H. 

Hocksing-up [hoks'in-up], pt, throwing down. — N. H. 

Hog-berry. See Hag-berry. 

Hog-fold [hog-foald], sb, a fold of young sheep. — N. H. 

Hoggets, Hog-oolts [hog'etz, hog'coaltz], sb, pi, colts of a year old. — 
Warner. O. Fr. hogetz. — F. M. 

Hog-haghes, or haws [hog'haaz or hauz], sb, pi, fruit of Cratcegus 
Oxyacantha. — ^HoUoway's Dictionary of Provincialisms, — J. B. 

Hogo [hoa'goa], sb. a bad smell. — F. M. 

Hog-sheep [hog-ship], sb. pi, young sheep. — N. H. 

HoU [hoi], V, to hurl or throw. — Cooper. 

HoUis [hol'is], sb, an oval pebble. — Winch, Sch. Gl, 

Hollow [hol'ur], V, n, to cry out ; to make a loud noise. Used of 
animals as well as of mankind. Ex. * I heard the mare hollowing j"* 
i. e, neighine. * That cow was hollowing,^ t. e, lowing. * I don't want 
no children hollowing about here,' i. e, crying. 

Holm-bush [hoam buosh], sb, an old holly. * The expression " to 
rattle hke a boar in a holme-hush " is a thorough proverb of the Forest 
district.* — Wise, New Forest, p. 179. 

Holm [hoam], sb. Ilex aqidfolium, — J. B. 

Holm-frith [hoam-frith], sb, a holly-wood. — Blackmore's Cradock 
NoweU, ii. p. 62. 

Holt [hoalt], sb, a wood on a hilL — J. 

Holt, interj, hold ! stop 1 *Ak. 

Honeysuck [hunisuk], sb, Lonicera Periclymenum, — Holloway's 
Dictionary, — J. B. 



HAMPsmitE GLOSSARY. 43 

■Honeysuckle [huniaulcl], sh. the loiise-wort ; PaUeuJaru syh-niir.a, 
— Wise. But in North Hontfl this name or the preceding ia invariubly 
applied to the Zonifmi.— W. H. C. 

Hoo [hoo], »h. Biiamering j as ' the kettle is on the lioo.' See below. 
—Wise, New Forart. 

Hoo, V. to simmer, to boil. — Wise, iVeip Foregt, 



Hooi [iioo-il, sh. the sound made by wind whistling round a comer, 
■ or through a keyhole. — Wise, New Forest. 

Hook [huk], V. to strike with the horn. Cows are said to hook a 
por^ii down, and to Iwolc one another. — Wise. See Hike in Gloss. 3. 
J IS. B. S.]. 

Hoop f iioop], adv. ' to go a-Jioop' i. e. to go where jou like. ' Ha 
is going a-hoop,' i. e. is going to the bad.— Wise, New Forest. 

Hoosbird [hoo'iburd], eh. the same as woihird. ' A term of reproach ; 
^\ the meaning of which appears to be unknown to those who use it ; it 
evidently a corruption of tnhori^i bird.' — Akerman's WiUili, Gl. 
._r F, M. notes, in a copy of Akerman's Springtidr, p, 27 ; 'So aim 
D Hampshire, but pronounced hombird '—1 . M, [i, e. hoo'zburd. Pro- 
iably theiirdisthe Old Eng. fcun/, a young woman; and the primary 
signification, a bastard daughter.— W. W. S.]. 

Hop-afaoDti piop-u' bouts], ih. pi. appie-dumplings. — F. M. 

Hopfrog [hop-frog], ab. the common frog. The opposite term seems 
to be ' hoavy-gaited toad ' in Shaketpeare. 

Hopscotch [hop'skoch], sh. a game played amongst schoolboys. — 
i\ M. Com. 

Hord for [baud for], jyj. provided for. — Wise. "Ak. gives Homed 
/or. 

Horse [haua], sh. to put a frog or toad to death by placing it on the 
cud of a balaucod stick, and, by striking the other end smartlv, send- 
ing the poor animal high into the air, of oourse killing it by the falL 
— F. M. Sen Spangwhew, in Oloa. B. 7.— E. D. S. 

Horsebeech, Hasbeeoh [bans' beech, Uus-beecli], sb. the hornbeam. — 
Cooper. Ciirpinui betulut. 

Horse-lease [hausloez]. See Lease. 
Hort [haul], V. to hurt. — Cooper. 

Hontenger [baus-steng'ur], sb. a boree-stinger, i. c. the dragon-fly. 
*Ak. Itather the horso-fly.— W. H. C, See Startle-Bob. 

—Cooper. Not very 

Hough [buf], V. to breathe hard. Ex. ' It made mo howjli going up 

bUL'-J. 
Hotuen [hou'Mi], pi. of house. 'Ak. 



46 HAMPSHIBC GLOSSARY. 

Housewallah [hous*wol'ur][, sb. one who inhabits a house, in con- 
tradistinction to a dweller in a tent. Used commonly by the gypsy- 
tribes in North Hants. — W. H. C. 

Houflle [hou'zul], V. to hustle. — Winch. ScJl GL 

How [hou], pron, who 1 — Cooper. 

Howard [hou'urd ]], eh, a bay- ward {q, v,) or cattlekeeper. — N, and 
Q. 1st Ser. x. 400. 

Huck r^uk], V, a. to push, to lift, to gore as a cow. See Hook.— > 

Huckmuck [huk'muk], sh, a strainer used in brewing.— *Ak. 

Huck-muck [huk'muk], adj. comfortless, without order. Cooper 
spells it hufjger-mugger ; on which Wise notes — hackmuck in Hants. 

Hud [hud], V. to hide. *Ak. 

Hudgy [hudj'i], adj. (1) Thick, clumsy. *Ak. 
(2) Short— Wise. 

Hudmedud [hudmidudj, ab. (1) A scarecrow. See Oallybaggar. 
*Ak. 

(2) A stingy person. — Wise. 

Huff [huf], sb. * A huff of cattle * is a drove or herd. — ^Wise, New 
Forest, p. 185. Ex. * The cattle in huffs came belloking to the lew of 
the boughy trees.' — Blackmore, CraJock Nowell, ii. 62. 

Huff, sb, very strong (Winchester) College ale. — Winch. Sch. GI. 

Huffled [huf -uldl j)p. as wlj. angry, offended. To huff, in Forby, ia 
to scold. — F. M. 

Hulk [hulk], sb. a lout, a lubber. * The hulk, Sir John.' — Shak. 
2 Hen. IV. I. i. 19.— F. M. 

Hull [hul], sb. the husk or chafif of com. — Cooper. Used generally 
in the pt. in North Hants. 

Hnm- water [hum'wau'turj, sb, a cordial ^made from the common horse- 
mint, mentha aqtuitica. — Wise, New Forest. See Bishopwort. 

Hunch [hunsh], v. a. to push, or gore as a cow. — X. H 

Hunch, sb. a solid piece of bread, moat, or cheese. — Cooper. Cohl 

Hurst [hurst], sb. a wood. — Cooper. 

Hustle-cap [lius*l-kap], sb. a game, in which half-pence are placed 
in a cap and thrown up ; a sort of * pitch-and-toss.' — F. M. 



I spy I [ei spei ei], sb, the game of * Hide and Seek.'— N. H. 

Ice-candles [cis-kand*lz], sb. pi. icicles ; called also daglets and tco- 
lets. In the old local song of A Time to Remember the Poor, we have : 

• Here's the poor Robin-redbreast approaching our cot. 
And the ice-candles hanging at our door.' — Wise. 



HAUFSHIRE 0L0SSAR7. 



NoTtli Hants (rare). See Ice candles. 



He [oii], sJi. ciiL— Cooper. 



md], a,lj. bml ; worthies 



■ ; ill-tempered. 

it.— N. II. 






lU-convenient [il-konvccTiyent], adj. for inconvenieu 

In [ill], V. to house corn.— Cooper. 

Inbam [inbaan], v. to liouae com in barns. — N. II- 

In-CO's [iircoaz], i.e. in partnership. — Cooper. 

Iniun [iirynn], sh. an onion.— F. M. 

Innerda [inurJz]. ah. pi. iawarjs. 'Pig'a ianerdit,' ontraila. 'Ak. 

Stio Cbitterlisgs. 
Inon [iiiuii], «t. an onion. "Ak. 
Inward [in*wu'ril], wlj. silent, reserved. — J. 
Inwardly [iu'wu'rdli], adv. inaudibly. Ex. ' He apoke ao inwafjlt/ 

I cnuUiu't rightly understand him. '—J. 
Ire [t;ir], sh. iron. Ex. ' Tliat ire ia not good ; ' where it ifl used f{« 

irun-stono. — Wise. 
Ide-of-Wiglit parson [eil-n-weit paa-sun], sb. the cormomnt ; Carbo- 

cofmoraiiiia, Moyor.— Wise, Nna Fvrfil, p. 309. 
Isle-of- Wight Bock [eil-n-weit rok], nb. a particular kind ot akim- 

milk cheese. extr%<iiialy hard, only to be masticated by the firmest 

tet'th. and digunted by the strongest etomacka. — Warner, Hitt. Isle 

"/ if'i'jlit. p. a92.— W. W. S. 
iBSes [ia-6z], xb. pi. earthworms. — Groae; F. M. See Eace. 
iTj-drnm [ei-vi drum], sb. the stem, of an ivy tree or bush, wLich, 

grows round the bole of another tree. — Wiee, New Furtat. 
[iks], »b. an axle-treo. — Cooper. 



Jack, gh. a large leather vessel (or beer. — Wineh. Seh. Gl. 



Jack-in -the-Oreen [jak-in-dhi-green], sh. a name given to the Tftrious 

kinda of polyiinthue seen in the cottagers' gardeos. — Wiso, 
Jack-in-tlie-tied^e [jak-in-dhi-Ledj], eh. the bryony ; Bryonia dkecia. 



48 HAMPSHIBE GL08SART. 

Jacks, ragged. See Bagged-jacks. 

Jack-straw [jak-strau], sb. the stonecliat ; so called from its nest 
being formed of hay and straw. — ^\Viae. 

Jan [jau], prop, name, John. ♦Ak. 

Janders [jaan'durz], sb, the jaundice. *Ak. 

Janty [jaant'i], adj, showy. — Cooper. 

Jar-bird [jaa-burd], sb. the goat-sucker ; so named from its jarring 
noise. — ^Wise, New Forest, p. 187. See Kight-jar. 

Jasey [jai*zi], sb, a wig. Forby ^ays it is a corruption, from being 
made of Jersey yam. — F. M. Which derivation is absurd, there being 
no yam made in Jersey. — W. H. C. 

Jawled-out [jau*ld-out], adj, excessiyely fatigued. — Cooper. 

Jawster [jau'stur], sb, one given to overmuch speech. — Adams' 
Wykehamica, p. 425. 

Jews-ears [jeu'z-eerz], sb, pi, the tomato, or love-apple. — ^F. M. 

Jibbet [jib'ut], «^. a small quantity, small load. Ex. * Ajibbei of 
com or hay.' — Wise. See Jobbett and Knitch. 

Jobation [joabai'shun], sb. a severe lecture or reprimand. — Cooper. 

Jobbett [job'ut], sb. a small quantity, commonly of hay or straw. — 
Grose ; Warner ; R M. ; *Ak. * A small load.' *Ak. 

Jockey [jok*i], v, a, to get before another. Ex. * Tyq jockeyed him 
in cuse/ t. e. the list of boys arranged in their form order. — ^Adams* 
Wykehamica, p. 426. 

Jod-trot, sb. jog-trot. — Wise. 

Joggle [jog'l] V. to shake. — J. 

Joist [jeist], V. to take in cattle to keep at a certain price per head 
or score. — Lisle. 

Jorney [jau'ni], sh. a day's work or day's journey. — Cooper. Used 
in N. H. for a day's work only. — W. H. C. 

Jomm, or Joram [joaTum], sb. the peculiar-shaped tin can in which 
beer was served out [at Winchester College]. — ^Adams' Wykehamica^ 
p. 426. 

Joseph-and-Mary [joa-zef un maiTi], sb. Puhnonaria officinalis, — 
J. B. 

JosephVwalking-stick [joa'zefs-wau*kin-stik], sb, Polemonium cctru- 
leum, — Wise, Neio Forest, 

Joss, Jossing-block [jos, jos*ing-blok], sb. a block by which a rider 
mounts his horse. — Cooper. 

Jostle [josl], V. (!) To cheat. — Cooper. 
(2) To push rudely.— N. H. 

Jub [jub], V. to move as a slow heavy horse. — Cooper. 



HAUFSHIBE QLOSSABT. 



49 



' Jubilee [jeu'bili], sh. a pleasant time. Ex. ' VToa't nest holMaja ba 
ajuliiltr f wo'vB an eitra week.' — Adams' Wykehamiai, p. 42G. 

Jump-up- and-kise-nie [jump^iip-uDd-kis-inij, sh. the name given to 
the heart's ease or pansy ; i'iola triailor, Linn, — F, M. 

Jnnk fj unit], A a log. Es. ' a junk of wood," a log of wood. — 
WiBo. Corrupted from chunk.—W. W. S. 

JTonket over [juufc-iit oa'vur], v. to triumph or exult over another 

Cei-sf.u in a friendly manner. Ei. ' I jimk-et over you, old fellow; I 
are leave out to-morrow.'— IFiiic A. Sch. 01. 
Jiut abont [just nbout-], adj. very, extremely ; ui 
Ex. ' He va&juit abotti geart,' he was cectamlj a 
mistake about it — Wise, 
^ffmtly [juat*li],arff', exactly, accurately, Ex. 'I t^rii justly say.' — 3. 



lai'kin], ah, making children's boota and shoes. 



Ak. {Also epett, 



£acks [kiikz], eh, pi. children's boots and shoos.- 

Keach, Kech [keech, kecli], v. to congeal. ' 

kfiitch, ktUh.) 
Keek [kek], v. to retch,"as if aick. •Ale. 
Keeker [kek-ur], sh. the windpipe. "Ak. 



Keep, »b. (growing food for horses 
ptonty o' ktep for 'em.' 

Kelt [ktl], »b. a kiln ; as lime-kcll, iriek-kell.—l 

Kelter [kdt'ur], »h. condition. Es. ' We're all 

Eer [k<ir], eb. the pocliard. Sec Bed-head. 

Kerf [kurf], eh. (1) The furrow made by a saw ; 
Cooper. Ex. ' A little Aer/in it.'— Wise. 
(2J A layer of hay or tiuf. 

Kettle-pad [ket-1-pad], sh. purple orchis {OrcJds mascula ?). — J. 

Kez, Keicy [keks, keks-i], gh. the dry stalk of the hemlock. Ex. 
'As dry an kex.' (Ak. has kalu [mispr. for ktdei] krtksy, the dry 
fitulka of hemlock, with the illustration, ' ae dry as kecht.' But the 
right aii spoiling is krx. and it is properly singuhir.) Withering 
.B a name of the common hemlock, Coniain maculiilum. — 



cattle. 'Ak, Ex. ' We've 



n good lieller.'- 



a notch in wood. — 



W. H, 0. 
Kex, ah. the fruit of the wild sloe.- 

II in ac«/( I ^mi, according 



L no doubt a general term for the stems of Umhtttifm 



Priimti gpinosa. 

Glosgary ; 



50 HAMPSHIBE QLOSSAKY. 

Keys [keez], the seeds of the sycamore and ash. *Ak. Hence ashr 

keys. 

Keystone [kee-stoan], sb, * Every where was understood thesmu^ler's 
local proverb, ** Keystone under the hearth, KeysUmexm^eT the horse's 
belly," t. c. the smuggled spirits were concealed either below the fire- 
place, or in the stable, just beneath where the, horse stood.* — Wise, 
New Forest, p. 170. 

Kibble [kibl], ah rubbish, as dead leaves, broken brush-wood, or the 
like.— N. H. 

Kid [kid], sh, (1) The pod of beans, pease, &c. — Cooper. 

(2) Cheese.— TTincA. ScJi, Ql. 

(3) A small wooden tub, with handle, used on board ship to receive 
the rations of brandy, &c., or to hold water. — F. M. Called a kyt in 
Barbour's Bruce, b. xviii L 168. 

Kid, V. n, to produce kids or pods ; used of beans, &c. Ex. ' They 
beans have kidded uncommon well.' — N. H. 

Kiddle [kid-1], v. to entice, to coax. — Cooper. 

Kidware [kid-wair], sh, pulse growing in cods or pods. — Grose ; F. M. 

Kill [kU], 8h. a kUn.— N. H. 

Kink [kink] ah, over-twisted yarn. — J. An entanglement. Ex. 
' He's got aU of a iW«A-.'— N. H 

Kit [kit], ah, the entire quantity. Ex. * The whole kit,^ *Ak. 

Kit-in-the-candlestick [kit-in-dhi-kandi stik], ah, the WilUo'-the- 
wisp; Ignis fatuus, — Wise. 

Kittering [kit-urging], adj, weak. — Wise, New Foreat, See Tnly. 

Kittle [kit'l], adj. liable to take a cold. — N. H. Subject to accidents, 
uncertain. — Lisle. 

Kiver [kiv ur], ah, a cover ; a cooler used in brewing. — *Ak. See 
Civer. 

Knabbler [nab*lur ?], ah, a person who talks much to no purpose. — 
Cooper. The reason for the prefixed k is not clear. 

Knap [nap], ah. the top of a hill ; also, a small piece of rising ground. 
— Cooper. A small hiU. — Wise. 

Kneeholm [nee-hoam], ah. Ruacua aculeatua. New Forest — The 
Cousins, by J. Wise. J. B. 

Knettar [net-ur], ah, a string to tie the mouth of a sack. — Cooper. 
Lit. a knitter. 

SInitch [nich], ah, a sufficient load of heath, fire-wood, &c. for a man 
to carry. — N. H. 

Knot-fine [not-fein], adJ, very fine. — Lisle. 

Knot-fine, v, n. to turn up fine under the plough. — Lisle. 

Knotted Sheep [not'id sheep], ah, sheep without horns. — Lisle. 



HAMrsHIRE GLOSSARY. 



Knnb [nub], «fi. a knob. Ex. 
dpntly » mere luisproDuaciatio: 
Kara [kum], v. to turn to fruit. — J. 



I ?iiiub o' sugar.' — J, Evi- 






i. ISO; Cf. Germ. kSr 



Ex, ' I hiced 'ua Bweetly.'— 
-J. 



[lak], V. to wont. Ex. 'I lackf to go.'— 

les [laidzl, eb. pi. rails or boaidin<; jilacsd round thfl top of a 

vaggou, -vbich projoct over, and enable it to beur a, greater load, — 

C.H:,,,..r. ■ 
Lady-eow [lai-di-kou], «b. the eoccimwUa. — J. The iavaiiable nama 

in N. II. 
Lady's flngen pai-diz-fing-ur«], sb. pi. Lotus conikuiatus.^^. B. 
Lady's nightcap [tai'iIiK-neitkap], ab. awUdJlower; a species of bind- 

WHi^d, *jlJi. C'uiiBotvttlut t^pium, 

Short Ibr ' Oar lady's nigbtoap,' and named, as usual, from tbe 



Lady's smock [ki-dii-amok], sb. Cardainine pra/eiisis. — J, B. 
Lady's smork [lai-diz-smok], sb. Arum viaeulntuin [I] — HoUowny'a 

IHdiiiunnj, — J. B. All tbo foregoing naraoB of plants are probably 

called after ' our Lady ' the Blessed Virgin Mary. — W. II. C. 
Lag; [l>i^], ab. a pair ; a couple. As ' a lag of gulls,' a young goose 

oud gander.— N. H. 
Lance [laans], v. to leap, bound ; tlie deer are said ' to lance over 

the turf' — 'wise, A'em Forest. Cf. French, iuJieer. 
Land-cress [landkres], sb. C'irdamiiie hieauta. — J. B, 
Lane [laiul, ah. a layer; a 'lam of corn' in a stack is a layer. — ■ 

Wise, N. Hauls. 



Larrup [larr'-up], v. to beat — Cooper. 
latter [lal'ur], sb. a setting of hen's eggs. — J. 
Lattennath [lat'urmath], sb. aftermath, if. 



Ak. 



1 boy out o£ bed, mattrass, bed-clothea 



Laurence [lor''uns1, sb. the name of a New Forest fairy. 'If a 
pensfUit i9 Iiizy, it is snid, " Laiirenrt baa got upon him," or " be bos a 
touch of Laurence." He ia still rogardeil witb. 

^ caUod after him.'— Wise, A'eio Forat, p. 174. 



:, and barrows are 



52 HAMPSHIBE GLOSSARY. 

Lavants [lavunts], sb, pi, springs which hreak out in wet seasonA. — 
N. Hants. * The land-springs, which we call lavants, break out much 
on the downs.' — White, History of Selborne, Letter xix. 

Leap up and kiss me [leap up und kis mi], sb. Viola tricolor, — 
HaUiwelL-J. B, 

Xear [leer], ddj, empty, void. Ex. * The waggon will be coming 
back leer. Used also of the stomach — * a leer stomach,' t. e. wanting* 
food. Hence it signifies faint with hunger. Ex. * I feel quite lear.* 
Cf. German leer, — Cooper ; Wise, New Forest^ p. 193. N. H. 

Learn [lum], r. a. to teach. Ex. *He learned him to write.* — 
N. H. 

Lease [leez], v, n, to glean. A.S. lesan, to gather. *Ak. 

Lease, lea, lay, or ley [leez], sb, grassy ground ; meadow ground, 
unploughed and kept for cattle. — Lisle. 

Leasing [leczin], part, gleaning after the reapers. This word is 
found wherever the West-country dialect is spoken. That it is used 
in Hants, will be seen from the following anecdote. When Cob- 
bett lived at Botley, he on one occasion forbad the poor people to 
come gleaning in his corn-fields. A day or two afterwards, as he 
rode throufi^h the village, he saw written on a wall in huge uncial 
letters — * We will go a leasin in spite of old Cob.* Cobbett got off his 
horse, and rubbing out the word leasin^ substituted thieving, and so 
left it *Ak. The word is common in N. H, 

Leather-jacket [ledh*ur-jak*ut], sb. an apple with a thick rind. Per- 
haps the leather-coats of Shakesp. 2 Hen. IV. v. 3. 

Leave or Lieve [leev], adv, soon ; rather. Ex. * I'd as leave not do 't.' 
For liief, q. v.— N. H. 

Leg peg], sb. a long narrow meadow ; generally when it runs out of 
a larger piece.— Wise (note on Cooper), A long narrow piece of land« 
*Ak. 

Lemfeg [lem-feg], sb. an EUeme fig. Elleme is in Turkey. *Ak. 

Lent, Length [lent, lenth], sb, the loan of a thing. *Ak. Ex, 
« Thank you for the lent of it.*— Wise. 

Let Ret], v. and sb. stop or impede the course of a marble, cricket- 
ball, &C. ; a stoppage. In playing marbles, schoolboys generally 
guard against an accident of this sort by crying out fen lets, which 
gives the owner of the ta%v a right to push it on to the distance it 
would have probably reached had it not been inadvertently stopped 
by the foot, &c. of a spectator or player. — F. M. See Fen, Com. 
in the sense of to hinder. Cf. 2 Thessalonians ii. 7, and Hamlet, i. 4. 

Lewer [levur], sb. a lever. Ex. 'Fetch a levver to un.' Used also 
as a v. a. Ex. * Lewer un up a bit.' 

Lew [loo], sb. to *get into the lew,^ means to get into a place 
sheltered from the wind. A,S. hleow, hleo, shelter. *Ak. Ex. * The 
lew of the hedge.*— Wise. 

Lew, adj. sheltered from the wind. 



HAMPSHIRE GLOSSAHV. 



53 



Xewer [loo-nr], ah. a dispase in the feet of cattle ; ciirnd by an appli- 

calinu of lar, or by rubbing the sore with a, tarred Btring. — Wieo, 
Lewth [luoth], th. (1) A place of refuge or shelter from the ■wind.— 

Cooper. 
(2) Warmth. A.8. hltowH. »Ak. 
Xey [lai 1], ab. a recently-mown clover-field is called a dover-Zey. — 

Cooper. 
Lief [leev], adc. eoon ; ' as lief,' as soon. •Alt, merely mentiona 

It'/, aud gives it aa a synonyni of liefer, which it is not 
liefer [lao-vur], adv. rather, •Ak, Comparative of lief. 
Lift [lift], sb. assistance. — Cooper. 
Lill [lil], p. to loll out the tongue. 'Ai. 
Lily [lil'i], *6- Poli/nnnitm Coiivolvidut. ' Over the whole county.' 

— tl. I'txteMis, p. 433, Also Coiivolvului urverula. — J. B. 
Lily-flower [lil'i-flour], sh. Convoloulm sepium. — J. B. 
Limber [limb'ur], eb. the shaft of a waggon. — Wise. 
Limber, adj. limp, flaccid. "Ak. 



• 



LinchetB [Un-chits], ah. pi. gross atripa in ploughed fields. — N". H. 

Linge [linj*], adj. pliable; as now leather. — N. H. 

Lisaen, List [lis'on, list], sh. a line or band of sand is so called.—* 

Wiso, jVeic Forrtt. LUt is properly a strip of anything. — W. H. C. 
LisBom [lis'am], adj. lithe, active, nimble. — N. H. 'Ak. 
Litchea [licb-oz], sb. pi. green lumps] of grass found ia bay when 

not properly tedded. — N. H. 
Lithy [lei'dhi], adj. pliant, supple. — Cooper. 
Litten Illt'n], »b. a churchyard.— i\r. aiui a 1st Ser. x. 400. See 

Cburcli-Iitteii. 
Lirersick [liv-ursik], »b. a hang-nail ; a piece of loose skin on the 

fiDger.— N. H. 
Live-UDder [liv-und'url, v. to be tenant to, or hold land of. £x. 

' They've hvrd under Lord -, father and son, this majiv a year.'— 

N. II. 
Lob [Itib], V. to throw gently. — Cooper, 
Lob-along pob-ulong'], v. to walk lazily.- 
Lobster [lob'stur], v. to cry, to blubber.— 
Lob-taw [lob'tau], nb. a large marble. — J, 
Lock [lok], eb. a small quantity of hay. 



•Ak. Namely, as muck 



lOd [lod], pt. t, of vb. to lead. — Wise, New Forest, ] 



54 HAMPSHIRE GLOSSARY. 

Lodging [loj-in], adj, continuing the same ; this quaint but express- 
ivo word was made use of by a labouring man, in reply to an 
inquiry after the health of his child: 'Oh, sir, he's pretty much 
lodging, neither better nor worse.' — N. and Q. Ist Ser. x 120. . 

Log [log], r. lit. to lag. Ex. *To loj at school/ to play truant; 
logging, i. e. playing truant. — Wise. 

Logg^ [log'i], adj, heavy, full to repletion. Ex. 'I be so lof/gy 
after yettin' * [eating].- "^ 



Lollop [lol'up], V. to lounge in walking. To walk loosely or lazily. 
— J. Used also of a horse clumsy in his paces. — N. H. 



Lomper [lomp-ur], v. to walk heavily.- 

Long [long], ado. in consequence of. Ex. * It's all long o' he, that 
they done it.' — N. H. 

Long-dog [long-dog], ab, a greyhound. — Cooper; N". TL' 

Longfol [long-fuol], long, tedious. Ex. * A lotigfid time.' — X. H. 
♦Ak. 

Long-tailed Capon [long-taild-kai'pun], sb, name of a small bird, 
whose, nest is of an oval form with a hole in the middle. — F. M. 

Lope, or Loppet [loap, lop'ut], v. n, to idle ; to hang about idle. — 
N.H. 

Lop-gras8 [lop-graas], sb, B ramus Mollis, — Dr. Bromfield's MSS. — 
J. B. 

Lords-and-ladies [laudz-u'nd-lai-diz], sb, pi. Arum maculatum,—' 
J. B. 

Louster [lou'stiir], sb, noise, confusion, disturbance. Ex. * What a 
lousier you are making ! ' — Wise, New Forest, 

Lout [lout], V, to bend, bow, in making obeisance ; to touch the hat. 
— ^Wise, New Forest, p. 188. 

Love-in-idle [luv-in-eidl], 56. Viola tricolor, — J. B. The M.K in 
idel commonly moans in vain, to no purpose, — J. B. 

Low Brown [loa broun], interj, * It is held rather as a tradition 
than a law, that if a swarm of bees flies away the owner cannot claim 

• them, unless, at the time, he has made a noise with a kettle or tongs 
- to give his neighbours notice. It is on such occasions that the phrase 

li)W brown may be heard, meaning that the bees, or the brownies, as 
they are called, are to settle low.' — Wise, New Forest, p. 185. 

Lowle [loal?], adj. said of a pig's ear; *a loiole-osLTed pig,' a long- 
eared pi^. *Ak. Cf: E. loll. 

Lug [lug], sb. (1) A pole on which fowls roost, or on which clothes 
. are hung; *Ak. Common in New Forest. Ex. *The lug in the 

• roost.' — ^Wise. 

(2) A pole in land measure, 5 J yards. *Ak. — Lisle. 

(3) The -pot-lug on which the ' cotterel ' hangs ; the same as rtf^« 
stick. — Wise. See Bugstick. 






HAMPSHIRE GLOSSARY. 00 

iDg-stick. See RogRtick. 

Lnmmakia [lum-ukin], adj. awkward, clumsy, heavy. 'Ak. 
lump [Iiiniii], r, to bent, drub.— F. M. 

Lung! of Oak [liingi nf oak], SIMa pulmontirla. A lichen wliiuh 
growa rather plentifully on oak-trees. — Wise, Ntw Forest, p. 176. 

[luka-ur], sb. a hantlsome fellow. — Adams' Wj/kchamica, p. 



Kadder [mail-ur], nb. Anthemis Cotala.- 
Uag [niag], ab. prattle. Hence magpie.- 



Maggoty [iiiag-uti], adj. (1) Frisky, playful. ♦Ak. 

(^) Foolish, crotchety.— Wise, Cf, O.E. mnyjois, whims, fancies. 

Maiden [mai-dun], gb. a gosling. See Onlls. — Wise. 

Maiden.bark [mai'dun-baak], sb. bark from a young maiden-oak or 
' llittoring.'not yet arrivedat timber. It is also called ' flittering-bark," 
and is more viUuable than ' timber-bark ' (which requires to bo cut and 
hatched for the market), and still more ho than 'poUard-bark.' — Wise. 

Maiden-down [mai-dun-doun], «6. an unbroken, unploughed dowa 
or bill.— Wise, North Hants. 

Maiden-timber [mai'dun-timb-ur], timber that has never been touched 
Ti-ith the axe,— Wise, New Forat, p. 183. 

Haia [main], adj. very. Ex. ' Main sprack,' very lively : ' main 
good, very good. »Ak. A Wiltshire labourer, whom I knew, on 
urst seeing the sea at Mudeford iu Hants, exclaimed — ' What a. groat 
main pondl ' Cf. ' Flutoe's post seeing this, stood still to watch them, 
and at length saw them, in jnaine galop, make toward a goodly fayre 
place.'— Deoker, Villnnifs Diicovfrtd [1616J Sig. D. Again, in the 
certificate of Peter Pett, we read {concermng the 6tat« of the New 
Forest) of the keepers ' sparing the Toppee of the Trees, which yeeld 
maine good knees.'— Sfais Puperi, Chas. L, May 17, 1632 ; No. 218, 
fol. BGI.— Wise. C£ French, roninff. 

whDOt [man'lu wboot], interj. said to horses, to bid them stand 
.— F. M. This I believe to be a mistake ; it probably answers to 
the West Kent muther-whnot [miiodh'ur whuot] which is a dirootioti 
to horses to him tomarda the driver, and may fancifully be derived 
from come hither, leiH thou} a phrase which, at any rate, expresses 
the moaning correctly. The opposite, in West Kent, is yai-whoot 
[yai'whuot]) signifying go yoHder, will thou f and directs the hoi-se to 
tum/rom the driver.- "(V. W, 8. In North Hants the call to horses 
to come towards the driver is cmm-o-lhr-tvuf [kuom-u-dhi-wut], 
which may mean coni« hither, wiU Ihouf — W. H. C 
6-ihagr [raai-I-aliBg], sb. a caterpilkr.— J. 




56 HAMPSHIBE GLOSSARY. 

Mallaoe [mal'us], sh, Mcdva sylvestrla, — J. B. The common mallonr. 

Malm, white [maam], sh, a kind of soil * To the north-west, north, 
and east of the village, is a range of fair enclosures, consisting of what 
is called a white-malm, a sort of rotten or rubble-stone, which, when 
turned up to the frost and rain, moulders to pieces, and becomes 
manure to itself.* — ^White's Nat. HUt, of Selborne, Letter L 

Halm, black, sh, a kind of soil. ' The gardens to the north-east and 
small enclosures behind, consist of a warm, forward, crumbling 
mould, called black mainly which seems highly saturated with vege- 
table and animal manure.' — ^White's Nat. Hist, of Sdborne, Letter L 
Malm seems in fact to mean soil, or earth. A field in the south of 
the county is called 2'he Malm, 

Malt-rashed [mau*lt-rasht],a4/. over- heated; burnt. — ^Lisle. 

Hammered [mam'urd], pp. perplexed. *Ak. 

Hammy [mam*i], a(lj\ soft, marshy. — J, 

Hammocks [mam*uks], sb, pi, leavings. — Lisle. 

Hannered [man*urd], pp. a meadow abounding in close and sweet 
grass is said to be good-ma/inercd. — Cooper. 

Harg [maag], sb. AnthemisfoBtida, Stinking Camomile. — N". H. 

Hargon [maa'gun], sb. Anfhemis Cotula, — J. B. Com Camomile. 

Hark-ash [maak-asb], sb. a boundary ash. See below. 

Hark-oak [maak-oak],«&. a boundary oak, the same as * bound-oak'; so 
called from the ancient cross or mark cut on the rind. The custom of 
marking is very old. Of. on than merkeden 6k, to the marked oak. — 
Saxona in England, vol. i. App. A p. 480. — ^Wise, New Forest, 

Hartin. Free-Hartin [free-maatin], sb, * A free-martin is a sort of 
barren cow, which hardly carries any teats to be seen ; she will never 
take bull ; she fats very kindly, and in fatting shell grow almost as 
big as an ox ; she is counted especial meat. When a cow brings two 
calves [of difforont sexes] the cow-calf will be a free-martin, and will 
never bear a calf.' — Lisle, ii. 99. 

Hast [maast], sh. the fruit of Fagus sylvatica, — Hollo way's 
Dictionary. — J. B. 

Hathan [maa-dhun], sh, Anthemis Cotula. — J. B. 

Hannder [mau-ndur], v. to talk menacingly and vaguely. *Ak. 

Haunt [maunt] present tense of v. must not Ex. * We maunt let 
*un bide more than a day.' — N. H. 

Hawk [mauk], sb. a slattern, an awkward woman, — Cooper. 

Hay [mai], sh. (1) The hawthorn blossom. *Ak. 

(2) The hawthorn tree. Cratcegus Oxyacantha. — N. H, 

Hay-be [mai-bee], adv. perhaps. — Cooper. *Ak. 
Hay-bittle [mai-bit'ul], «6. the may-beetle, the cockchafer. 



HAMP3HIHE GLOSSARY, 



Vay-bnsli [mai-tuosli], fb. the hawthorn. O 
lile. — Lisle, 



N, H. 
Mayweed [mai-weed], «&. camomile. 

Maze [mail], «b. (1) Aatoniahment.- 

WBB oil in a maze.' 
(2) A labyrinth ; 

been ; ua "The moi. 
Head [raeeil], gb. a meadow. — J. Com. 
Mearing [moeT'ingl, adj. marking a boundary. As 'a mearliig 

ditch.--k H. 
Hears [inL-i>n], sh. j]l. bonndaiies. — N, H. 
Meaater [mne'ster], «'/. niaater, "Ak. Moater U never so pronounced 

in Ninth Hants.— W. H. C. 
Meaty [mee-ti], 'idj, in good condition, — J. Used of animals stall- 

fud or fatted. Ex. ' That huUoek be'anl metrfy.'—W. H. C. 

■ maik], p/ir. to interfere. — J, Ex. 

ee-tinurl, «6. a dissenter ; one w!io frequents a meeting- 
M. 

y the land.' — Cooper. 



Merry [mer''i], gb. a cherry. — TVise, New Forest, p. IflO. 

Mersk [mursk], sb. a raatsh. — Cooper, 

Meah [LiieEhl.gJ, a rabbit's 'ran' through a hedge; a 'musit.' — 
Wise. 

MeBsenger [mea-unjurj, ab. a sunbeam pouring down slantwise to 

the earth from a rift m a large cloud. — Wise. 
Mense [mouz], «&, a hole through a hedge, made by a rabbit or hare. 

—Cuuper. 

Selbome. Dr. Bromfield'a 



' he's offended. "Ak, 



MUlard [mil-urd], «&. (I) A miller, 

(2) The white moth which Eiea at twilight. *Ak. And is used for 
fishing for trout,— Wise, New Forcet. 

XUler-doostipoll [mil-ur-doustiponl], sh. (1) A species of moth, so 
— called from the mealiness of its wioga. See Barnoa, who quotes a 
I ihyme also known in Hants : — 



58 HAMPSHIRE OLOSSART. 

^ Millery, millery^ doustipollf 
How many zacks hast thee astole P 
Vow'r an' twenty, and a peck ; 
Hang the miller up by*8 neck.' 

Children say this to the moths, and condemn them. Shakespeare 
speaks of * the mealy wings' of butterflies. — Troil. and CresB, iii. 3. 79. 
(2) A species of stock grown in cottagers' gardens. — ^Wise. 

Hill-mountain [mil-mou*ntin], sb, Linum catJiarticum. ' On the 
second of October 1617, going by Mr. Colson*s shop, an Apothecary of 
Winchester in Hampshire, 1 saw this herbe lying on his stall, which 
I had seene growing long before [at Saint Crosse, a mile from Win- 
chester] : I desired of him to know the name of it, he told me that it 
was called Mill-mountain,^ — J. GK>odyer in Johnson's ed. of Gherarde, 
p. 560.— J. B. 

Mind fmeind], r. to remember; to recall to mind. Ex. *I don't 
mind un ' = I don't recollect him.- 



Mint [mint], sb, (1) A niito (in cheese). *Ak. 
(2) A small coin. — Wise. 

Minty [mint'i], adj, full of mites. *Ak. Said of a cheese. — Wise. 

Missel-thrush [miz'ul thrush], sh, the tree-thrush, the eggs of which 
are not green as the bush-thirush, but dii-ty white, with reddish spots. 
— F. M. 

Mitch [mich] v, n. to idle, to sliirk work. — N. H. See Mouch. 

Mith [meith], vh, inpt. t might. — Cooper. Ex. *I mith have done 
it.' 

Mizen [mix-un], sh. a heap of dung, or rather a heap of dung and 
lime, or moula, mixed together for manure. — Cooper. *Ak. In N. 
H. a manure-heap. — W. H. C. 



Miz-maze [miz'maiz], sb, confusion.- 

Mizzle [miz'l], v. to rain slightly ; to drizzle.- 

Mokin [nioa'kin], sb, (Ak. has MawTcln), a coarse piece of sacking, 
attached to a stick, with which the charcoal-sticks are swept from the 
oven previous to putting in the batch. *Ak. Cf. Mokins, leggings 
made of coarse sacking. See Vampleta. — ^Wise. Cf. M.E. mawkin, for 
Alalkin, dimin. of Maud, used for all sorts of things used in a servile 
office, like Jack in bootjack, &c. 

Mokins [mok-inz], sb. pi, gaiters made of coarse sacking. — ^Wise, 
New Forest, p. 162. 

Mokus [moa-kus], sb. a donkey. — N". H. 

Mommick [raom-ik], v. to cut or carve awkwardly or unevenly. — 
Cooper. Ex. * You are mommicking it.* — Wise. See Mammocks. 

Mens [monz], sb, a crowd, aheap ; also as a verb. Ex. * Don't mo?w,' 
f*. c. don't crowd. — Adams' Wykehamica, p. 427. 

Moon-rakers [moon-raikurz], sb. pi- a name given to Hampshire and 
Wiltshire peasants. 'The expression of "Hampshire and Wiltshire 



HAMPSHIRE 0L08SAKT. 50 

' had ita origin in the Wiltshire peaaonts [who were en- 
KQgeil in Emuggliog] fishing up the contrabaDd goods at ni^Lt, 
Brought through the New toroBt, and hid in the viiriouB ponds.' — 
Wise, New Forcnt. p. ITO. But Hampshiro folk-loro t«lla that Wilt- 
shire peasants, seeing the full moon reflected in a. pond, fancied it 
vaa a theeae, and tned to got it out with & rake; and hcDce aro 
colled in Hampshire moon-ra/tera. 

UooQsMne [raoo'tishein], eh. smuggled Schiedara. — Cooper. 

Hoots [iiioob], sh. pi. tho roota of treea left in the groiitid, "Ak. 
See Stoula. 

Mop [mop], g!>. a statute-fair for hiring acr\'ants. 'Ak. T. of 
Wigk. 

Hore-loose [moa'rlooe], ailj. loose at root.— Li*]e. 

Uores [inoara], ab. pi. rooLi. — Liala. See Wise, New Forest, -p. 163, 

Uorgan [msuTgun], sh. AnlkemU CotuItJ.^— Grose's Glossary. Also 
Aiitlitmia nnviitii. — Wise; J. li. See Blargroa. 

Uoriis-apple [raor''iH«p']], sb. an apple with very red cheeks.— Wise. 

Hort [miiitrt], sb. a great deal ; a vast quantity, Ex, ' He's in a 
min-t of trouble.'— N. H. 

Uortal [luauTtul], ade. excessively. Used before an adjective 
intensatively. til. ' It's mortal hot.'— J. 

UoBey [raoa-zi], adj. musty. — J. 

Uost-times [inoa'st-teiinz], adv. generally. — J. 

Hote [meat], »h. n stump of a tree. ' Motf^ are stumps and roots of 
~ treoB, in opposition to the smaller tnorn, applied also to the fibres of 
* and furze. Tho sailor calls them mootea [moots], when he 

^^. ^Bs them up in tho Channel." — Wise, Neto torril, p. 194. But 
morw genernlly aiguifies tho roots of triea. See Mores and Moro- 
100W.-W. H. C. 

Hothery [mndh'uri], at?/, mouldy; generally applied to liqnors, as 
mother!/ ale, matkeri} wine; being thick liquor, with the tilajnonta 
in it, &c.— Cooper. 'Ak. 

XoDch fmoucli], V. to idle, loiter from school, play truant. A 
■ block-berry mouehtr ' ia one who idles his time in gathering black- 
herries. ' Shall the blessed sun of heaven prove a mitlicr and rat 
bladtherrira f ' — 1 Jlen. IK u 4. Also pronounced tiukH [much], 
*Ak, wiites it mooch, — Wise. See Hitch, whic!i is the North Hants 
as well ua Shakespeare's pronunciation, — W. H. C. 

Hoa»e-digger [mous-digTir], »b. a miniature pick-axe, used by some 
[Winchester] boys to dig out vermin of various kinds, and by others 
to hunt for fossils. — Adams' Wykr/iamiia, p. 427. 

UonBter [mou-star], v. to muster, •Alt. 

L bnrn, in distinction from one out 



60 HAMFSHIBE OLOSSART. 

* They tied him to a cart, 

And carried him to a bam ; 
And there they made a mow of him» 
To keep him free from harm.' 

Ballad of John Barleycorn {Hants yersion). 

(2) The wooden division separating the parts of a bam. — N. H. 

(3) The division of the bam so separated. — ^N. H. 

Mnchen [much'en], pron, of miching. See Hitch and MohcIl 

Huck [muk], sb. dung. — Lisle. 

Mucker [mnkur], adv. all over with it, finished, done, hopeless. — 
N. H. 

Muckle [inuk-l], v. *to manure with long unrotted dung from the 
yard.'— Driver s Gen. View of Agriculture in Hants, p. 73. (London^ 
1794.)— W. W. S. 

Mnd [mud], v. a. to pet ; to fondle. Ex. * Don't *e mud that boy 
so.' * A mud calf' = a calf brought up by hand. — J. 

Muddle [mud'l], v. to fondle, to caress ; to rear by hand. — Wise, 
New Forest. 

Muddle, Muggle [mud'l, mug'l], sb. confusion. *Ak. Ex. 'All in 
a muddle,* confused, tangled. 

Muddle-headed [mud-l-hed'ed], adj\ (1) Confused and bewildered in 
ideas. 
(2) Tipsy. *Ak. 

Mug [mug] V. to read hard ; also to pay great attention to anything. 
Any one cleaning and oiling a bat was said to mug it ; a boy with 
carefully greased and brushed hair was said to have mugged hair. — 
Winch. Sch. 01. 

Muggle. See Muddle. 

Muggy [mug-i]. adv. warm, moist ; said of weather. *Ak. Conu 

Mullock [mul'uk], sb. dirt, rubbish ; a confused heap. *Ak. and 
Wise, New Forest, p. 163. Ex. * What a mullock you have,' i. e. what 
a lot of rubbish. 

Mumbly [mumbli], adj. crumbling, likely to falL — N. H. 

Mumpole [mump'oal], v. to beat. — F. M. 

Muu [mun], sb. man. Also used in addressing a woman, child, or 
sometimes a horse or dog. *Ak. 

Murg, sb. Anthemis fcetida. See Marg. 

Musher [mush'ur], sb. a mushroom. Large ones are called * cow* 
mushers.— Wise. Li North.Hants * ^r«e-mushrooms.' — ^W. H. 0. 

Mutter [mut'ur], v. n. to crumble ; to fall to pieces. Ex. * Clods 
will mutter after a shower.' — N. H. 

Mnttoner [mut-unur], sb, a blow from a cricket-ball. — Adams* 
Wykehamica, p. 428. 



HAMPSHIRE GLOSSARY. 61 

Muzzy [muz'i], adj, muddled, or stupefied with wine or strong 
liquors. — F. M. Com. 

Mwoil [mwoill, »h, mud, Ex. * To get into the mwoiJ,^ to get into 
the mud. *Ak, 



Nab [nab], sh, the summit of a hill : also a small piece of rising- 
ground. — Cooper. 

Naght [naa-t]], sh, naught. *Ak. 

Hail [nail], sb. a weight of eight pounds, as of beef, pork, cheese, &c, 
— Cooper. 

Naked-men [nai-kid-men], ah, pi, old, decayed, leafless trees. — Wise, 
New Forest 

Nammit [nam*it], sb. noon-meat, t, e, luncheon. — ^Wise, Neto Forest, 
p. 193. .^Ak. has nummet. 

Nan [nan], inter}. What did you say 1 shortened from anon, — Cooper 
has the word hut gives no meaning. 

Narra one [nar*u wun], never a one ; often clipped down to nar'n. 
*Ak. 

Nash, Nesh [nash, nesh], adj, tender, chilly. A.S. hnesce. *Ak. 
Said of grass in the New Forest. — Wise. See Gnash, which seems 
the correct spelling. — W. H. C. 

Nat [nat], adv, not. *Ak. Ex. * Nat that/ i, e, * not that.' — ^Wise. 

Nation [nai'shun], aeft;. extremely ; as \natlon strange,' ' nation dark. 
^Ak. Modified from an oath. 

Native [nai-tiv], sb, a birth-place. Ex. * He went back there 'cause 
'twas his native,* — N. H. 

Neb [neb], sb, the pole of an ox-cart or ox-waggon; so called from 
its shape. — Cooper. A neb or nib is a beak. 

Needles [nee-dlz], sb, pi, Seandix Pecten, — HoUoway's Dictionary, 
Has * long seeds like unto -pack-needlea,* Gerarde. — J. B 

Nens [nenz], adv, much the same. Ex. * Nens as he was,' much the 
same as he was ; * pretty nens one/ pretty much the same. — N, and Q, 
1st Ser. X. 120. 

Nessel [nes'ul], v. to trifle. — Cooper (who spells it nestle). 

Nettle-creeper [neti-kree'pur], sb, the lesser whitethroat. — ^W. 

Net-np [net-up], part, for eaten up. Ex. * I'm net-up wi' cold.' — J. 
Evidently a mispronunciation for * eat up* or ^ ate up.'— W. H. C. 

Nenst See Anenst 

Never [nev-ur], adv, not one ; not so much as. Ex. * She's got 
never a sweet-^eart.^ 



62 HAMPSHIRE GLOSSARY. 

Hibs [nibz], sh.pl, the short handles of a scythe. — ^Wiae, New Fored. 
See Snead. 

Hiest [neist], adj. nighest, nearest. *Ak. 

Night-crow [neit-kroa], ah, the goat-sucker. — ^Wise, New Forest^ p. 
270. 

Hight-hawk [neit-hauk], sK the goat-sucker. See A. V. Lev. xL 
16 ; Deut. xiy. 15. In the Genevan Version in the same texts it is 
called the night-crow, as above. — ^Wise, New Forestj p. 193, See 
Oround-haw^ Jar-bird. 

Nightjar [neit-jaa], sb, the goat-sucker, Caprimidgus. — N. H. 

Nine-bobble square [nein-bobi skwair], adj, bent or distorted every 
way but the right.— -F. M. 

Nine-galley-west, old g^nnner's- point [nein-gal-i-west, oald-gun'nrz- 
point], as adj, with nearly the same meaning as the preceding. — E. M. 

Nine-men*8-morrice [nein-menz-mor'is], sb, a game played with 
counters. — J. 

Nipper [nip-ur], sb. a boy, a fellow, a chap. — ^N". H. 

Nipperkin [nipurkin], sb, a large stone jug for beer, of which there 
was one in each * chamber.* — WtJich, Sch. GL 

Hire, Nigher [neini], adj, nearer. *Ak. 

Nitch, Nidge [nich, nij], sb, (1) A small quantity of hay or com; 
less than ajobhet, — Grose; Warner; F. M. 

(2) A bundle of faggots. 

(3) The *bush' belonging to the *man in the moon.' — Wise, New 
Forest, ^Ak. says— ^ He has got a nitehf* i. e. he is drunk. See 
Knitcli. 

Nobbnt [nob'ut], adv, none but; only. — J. 

No call [noa kaul], phr. no reason, no obligation. Ex. ' He had no 
call to go ' == Ho was not compelled to go. * YouVe no call to be 
afeard * = You have no reason to be a&tiid. — N. H. 

No count [noa kount], sb, no account, of no value ; not worth any- 
thing. Ex. * It be'ant no count ' = It is of no value. * That chap 
be*ant no count * = He is a worthless fellow. — N. H. 

Noggly, noddly [nog-li, nod-li], adj, weak, trembling. Ex. *My 
knees be so noggly,^ — N. H 

No-how [noa-hou], adv, not in any way at all. Ex. ' I can't abide it 
no- how, — J. 

Nonce, for the [nons], phr, on purpose, designedly. Ex. 'He did it 
for the nonce,* — Cooper. 

Nonsuch [non'such],fi&. Medicago lupidina, — HoUoway's Z>tc/ionary. 

T. B, 



Noration [noraishun], sb, a piece of news. Ex. * There's a noration 
for he.'— -J. Evidently used for narration. 



HAMPSHIRE GLOSSARY. 



Sot [not], nh. a gDot. Ex. 'AVe ouglit to liiivo 'un painteil afore tli 
' ' ' " " ~"" tba Buminer. 'Thoy noli be so tenifying.'- 



noti I>o about'- 
N. H. 
Hot [not; 



k 



nol cow is a cow witLout lioms. Cf. nol-lieed in 
09,— Wiee, New Forget, p. 186. 
JTot, adj. in good condition. Ex. ' Not fiuid ; liol com ; ju>l sheep.' — 
J. 13ut the last eianiplo may have the meaning of the preceding. — 

w. n. c. 

Votcll [noch], sb. ' To t.iko the jwtcheH out of the scytlie.'*," is to give 
muany to mowers in the harTost-tields, wlien one ia out shooting.- ■ 
N. niid Q. Ist Ser. x. 401. 

Unbhly [nublil, adj. hnving knoba or lumps. Es. ' Nubbly coals,' 
A ti'.'ld plougnod wet, when dried is said to bo nublili/.—J. Sea 
Knnb. 

Sunoh [nunshl, ih. lunoh. I have never heard this meal called by 
another name.— i^, and Q. 1, x. 120. See Moor— Hiilli well. But 
see Ifunclieoii. 

Vnncheon [uun'ebnn], sh. luncheon, 'Ak, Miss Austen {from 
Hants) uses it. 'I left London thie morning at eight o'clock ; and 
the only tun minutes I spent out of my chaise procured me a iiuiichmn 
at Marlborough.' — Sense and SensibilUi/, vol. iii, eh. 8. The word 
nunrhean is used in HampHhiro for the meal between bitiukfaat and 
dinner.— W. H, 0. 

Knnele [nunk-l], gb. uncle. •Ak. 

Nather [nuiUrur], atlo. niisprouunciation of neither, — J. 

ITnt-Btiager [nut-sting-ur], «i. a grub which bores a hole in nuts. — 



' Forest thoy say ' an eye of pheasants.' — Wise. IVbich at 
correct. C£ Eyrie, and cf. nid, French. — W. H. C. 



In 



1. a curtsey, Ex. ' I made my o!k^ilience 



Obedience [abee-dyci 
to him.'— N. U. 

Odds [odz], ab. pi. concern ; business ; couaer|uence, Ex. ' 'Taint no 
oddt to you'^It ia no busineBs of yours. '"1' weren't no odiU to ha 
that he lost it ' = It was of no consequence to liim to lose it. — N. U. 

Oddfl, V. a. to alter. Es. 'I can't oJdt 'uu.'— N. IL 

Odmente [odnuents], tb. pi. odd things. — J. 

Of [ov], phr. used tor with. Ex. ' I've no acquaintance o/him.'^-J. 

Offer-up [auf-ur-up], v. a. to try, to prove, to ascertain how a thing 
fite, or looks. Ex, 'Let'a offer 'un up' of a picture, or looking- 
glass, or Buch like,— N. H. 
I Oils [oik], batlry-oils, «i, pi. tho beard or prickles. — Lislo. 



64 HAMPSHIBE GLOSSARY. 

Old man [oald-man], sh. southern-wood (Ariemma vulgaris), — N. H, 

Old-men [oald-men], sh. pL gnats. — ^W. 

Old-woman's-needle [oald-uomunz-nee'dl], ah, the * shepherd's needle' 
(Scandex Pecten Veneris), — W. 

Omary cheese {om'uri cheez], ah, an inferior sort of cheese, made of 
skim-milk. — Wise, New Forest, See Rammel. [Perhaps for ord'nary,'\ 

On [on], prep, (1) In. Ex. * On mistake,' in mistake. * I run agen 
hin on th' street,* t. e, in the street. *Ak. And — 
(2) 0£ Ex. * There's an end on 't.'— J. 

Onbelieving [onbilee'vin], adj, unbelieving; a term of reproach. 
Ex. *You onbelieving child, don't teU lies.' It exactly answers to 
miscreant, Fr. microyant, — N. H. 

Once [wuns], adv, sometime. Ex. * I will pay onc-e this week/ I 
will pay you sometime during this week. — ^Wise, New Forest. 

Ongainly [ongai'nli], adj, ungainly. *Ak. 

Onpossible [onpos-ib'l], adj. impossible. *Ak. 

Ore [oar], sh, sea- weeds washed on shore. — Cooper. Ex. * Plenty of 
ore^ plenty of sea- weed. — Wise. 

Organy [au-guni], sh. the herb penny-royal {Mentha Pulegium). 
Lat, origanum, *Ak. 

Orkard [au'kud], adj, awkward, unmanageable, of a curious temper. 
Ex. * He's rather an orkard horse,' i. e. unmanageable. * She's rather 
orkard if anything upsets her,' t. e. of a strange temper. — N. H. 

Ornary [au'nuri], adj, common, mean-looking. For ordinary,—' 
N. H. 

Otherwhile [udh-ur weil], adv. sometimes. — Cooper. 

Ought [aut], par/, p, of otee. The phrase, *Ho hadn't ought to* 
(for *ne should not have done so') is very generaL — Cooper. Ex. 
' He didn't ought to have went,' he should not have gone. 

Oughts [auts]. — Lisle. See Eairts. 

Oum [ourn], pr, ours. — N. H. 

Out-axed [out-aka-d], j^ar/. having banns published for the third 
time. Ex. * She were out-axed last Sunday.' — N. H. 

Out-stand [out-stand], v. a. to oppose firmly; to contradict stub- 
bornly. Ex. * She out-stood me wi' that 'ere He.' — J. 

Oven.pile [uvn-peil], sh. a wooden shovel for putting the dough or 
* sponge ' into the oven, and taking out the loaves. — W. Old Eng. 
peel. 

Oven- rubber [uvn-rub'ur], sh. a stick with a cloth attached to it, 
for cleaning out the embers from the oven before baking. — W. 

Our-runner, for Over-runner [our-ruu'ur], sh. a shrew-mouse ; which 
is supposed to portend ill-luck if it nms over a person's foot. — ^Wise, 
New Forests 



HiilPSHIRE aL0S9A.RT. 



65 



t [oa'veat], sb. 'tha mast and acoraa of tlio oak are collectively 
known aa the turn-out or ovat' — Wise, New Forat, p. 133, 
Owl [o«l], sb. (l) The tiger-moth. — Wise, New Fcreet (note on 

(2) Any small white moth.— W. See Miller. 
Ox-bird [oks-burd], sh. (1) ITie ringeJ-plower ; Charadriui kiaiieitla, 

liian. ' Known, in the neighbourhood of ChriBtuburoh and Lyming- 

ton. as the oxbird,' — Wise, New Ftirat, p. 312, 
(2) The common Band-piper. ~W. 
Oxlip [okaiijj], Primula elatlor of English authors ; i. e. a caulaa- 

oent fonn of P. vulgaris, not the true P. elalior. J. B. — Holloway'i 

dictionary. 
Oyster [oi'stur], sh. the blade-bone of veal dressed with the meat on. 

—Cooper. Cf. oxttr, the arm-pit; ' E. D. S. Gloss. B. 13. 

Paoking-penny-day [pakin-pen-i-dai], *6, The last day of the fairs 
formerly hold at Portsmouth, and on Portsd own -hill, was so called, on 
which articles were supposed to be bought greater bargains. — F. i£. 

Paddle [i)ad'!], eh. a hoe with a straight blade. — N. H. 

Pftddle, V. a. to trample in the dirt.^J. 

Paddy [pad-i], ailj. worm-eaten. — Lewis. 

Palmer-worm [paa-mur-wurmj.si. a caterpillar. See A. V. Amos 
iv. 0.— Wise. Ncvi Forai. p. 193, 

Palms [paamz], ab. pi. catkins of various species of Salix. — J, B. 

Fauk [pauk], v. n. to pant Ex, ' He do pank so.' — N. H. 

Fanshard, Pomhard (panaU'urd, ponslrurd], s&, a passion, a rage, 
Ei. ' You have no need to get into a piimhard.' — Wise, New Forttt. 

Fasmets [pis'mets], sb.pl. parsnips. 'Ak. 

Paiael [pas'ul], sb. a parcel. — J. 

Patchy [pachnl, adj. testy, uncertain in temper. Said of people 
who proverbially blow hot and cold. — Wise, Nna Forat. 

Pax [paksl, eb. a friend. Ex. ' Have pax,' an invitation to make up 
a quarrot — Adams' IVi/kehamica, p. 429. [Evidently Pus ^ peace.] 

Peaked [pco-ked], ailj. (1) Running to a point, Ei. 'A peaked 
piece ' ^ a triangular field. 

(2) Delicate in appearance. Ex. ' To look ptaked.' Always pro- 
nounced as a dissyllable.— N. H. 

Peakish, wlj. See Fiokisk. 

Peal [peel], sb. a species of satirical comment on any one's personal 
appearance, character, or actioDi, put into a terse and epigrammatio 
form, and delivered three times in succession, in a measured tone, as 
I kind of chant. — Adams' Wylitliamica, p. 429. Cf. Eiig. pml, ' to 



J noisily; ' and si 



, Peel. 



■ ahoulder-blode.'— W. W. S. 



66 HAMPSHIRE GL0SSAB7. 

Peal, r. a. ' to lose its hair.' — lisle. 

Peart [peemrt], adj, pert. (1) Impertinent. •Ak. 

(2) Quick, lively, saucy. 

(3) (Of a tree or plant) Flourishing.— N. H. See Pert. 

Peasen [pee'zun],2>^. of pease. A.S. piosan. *Ak. 

Peck [pek], sb. a quantity, a deal ; as *hpeek of trouble.' — N. and 
Q, 1st Ser. x. 400. 

Peck, sh, a pick-axe. — K H. See Pick. 

Peel [peel], sh. a disturbance, noise. 'To be in a peel ' is to be in a 
passion. — ^Wise, New Forest 

Peel [peel], sh. a wooden shovel used in baking bread. — Cooper. 
Commonly ovtt^ped in Hants.— Wise. 

Peeze [peez], v, to ooze out, as from a leaking cask. — Cooper. 

Peezy-weezies [pee'zi wee*ziz], eh. pi, (1) It is said of a person who 
is sulky, or is in the dumps, that ' He has the peexy-wteasif or the 
■ hansy-janzies.* 

(2) It also means a swelled &ce. — F. M. 

Peg [peg], sb. a roller or clod-crasher, as distinct from the frame. 
Ex. * That peg will do if he has a new frame.' — N. H. 

Peg [peg], sb. a pig. ♦Ak. 

Pelt [pelt], sb. (1) A passion, rage, ire. Ex. ' A' come in, in such a 
pelt: ♦Ak. 

(2) Answer, noise, rage, disturbance. Ex. 'What &peli the dog is 
making,* how angrily the dog is barking. — ^Wise, New Forest. 

(3) Skin. * The pelt is very thick,' said of the skin of a pig. — ^Wise. 

(4) The iron plate on the heel of a boot. — J. 

Pen*8tock [pen-stok], sb, a sluice to a pond, or in a mill-dam.— > 
N.H. 

Perky [purki], adj. smart, brisk, lively. Ex. ' She be a perky 
little maid.' — J. 

Persnade [purswai"d], v. a. to advise, to counsel, to urge. (Does not, 
as used in North Hants, imply that the advice was followed.) Ex. 
*■ I persuaded him to see the Doctor, but he wouldn't do it' See Acts 
xix. 8, and Hamlet, iv. 5. — N. H. 

Pert [purt], adj. lively? * Oat-malt and barley-malt equally mixed, 
as many of the country people here use it, makes very pretty, pert^ 
smooth drink, and many m this country (in Hants) sow half oarleyi 
half oats, for that purpose, and call it Dredge ' [which see]. — ^Lisle, L 
p. 377. 

Pet [pet], sb. a pit with water in it. — Cooper. 

Pewit [pee'wit], sb. the lap-wing. •Ak. The grey plover. — ^N. H. 

Pick [pik], sb. (1) A hayfork, prong. •Ak. 
(2) A pick-axe.— N. H. 



HAMPSHIRE GLOSSARY. 
Picked [pikt], adj. (1) Sharp, pointed, — Wise, Nea Fared. 



ttouticed pfckith in North Hants, wieri 
looking. Ei. ' Slie do look very pealcUh of lato.'- 
Piggin [pig'ia]) ^b. a. round wooden tub, with a long, upright handle. 



Lti' 



Piggy back [pig-i-bak], adv. on the back. Spelt abo jiickaback, 

piybark. &f.~F. U. 
Pighau, Piganl [pighau, pig-aul], sb, the berry of the whitethorn. 

*Ak, 
Pightie [pei-tul], ab. a. ainall field.— N. H. 
Pigweed [pigweed], sh. Chenopodium album. Polygonum aviculare. 

Pile. See Ovenpile. 

Pill [pil], sb. a pitcher.— J. 

Pinch [pijisb], ab. a crisis. Es. ' It has come to the pineJt now.' — 

N. H. 
Pincher-bob [pin-shur-bob], »b. the stag-beetle. — N. 11. 
Pink, Pinker [pink, piii'kur], adj. small ; applied especially to the 

eyes. ' Bacchus with pink eyne.' — Ant. and Cleop. ii. 7. — W. 
Pish, Piahty [pish, piaht'i], iiiterj. a cry or call to a dog. "Ak. 
Pisg-a-bed [pis'a-bed], tb. the common dandelion. — F. M. Leontodon 

(urn Ileum. 
Pit [pit], V. a. to back ; to set to fight.— N. II. 
Pitch [pich], sh. uneven ground, an undulation in the ground. — 

Fitch, V. n. (1) To undulate, to be uneven. Ex. ' The pound pi tchet 
in that field.— N. U. 

(2) To wast«, to sink in flesh. — Lisle. 

Pitcheri [pichmn], eb. pi. boughs of withy, cut for planting, espe- 
cially to mtike hedges. — W. 

Fitchin [pichin], sb. used in diatinction from paving ; the latter 
being performed with fiat or large atones, but jntchia with small, 
uneven ones. In North Hants generally flints. — W. H. C. 

Fitoh-np [pich up], sb. a small concourse ; a boy's pilch-up were hia 
ordinary compamons. [And as a v.} Ex. 'To pite/i-iip' with any 
one : to associate with bun. — Adama' Wykchamita, p. 430, 

Pity [pit'il, sb. love. ' Pitij is akin to lovi-,' says Shakespeare ; but 

in the W. of Eng. it ia often the some. — Wise, New Foreal. 
Plash [plaah], g6. a mill-head; aa ' Winkton jjtoA.'— Wise, New 



68 HAMPSHIRE GLOSSARY. 

Flaih, Flush, v. to partially cut off the branches of a hedge, and 
entwine them with those left upright. *Ak. (who giyes the form 
plash ; Mr. Wise adds the form plush), Cf. E. to pleach. I never 
heard it pronounced otiierwise than plash in Hampshire. — ^W. H. C. 

Play [plai], v, to swarm as young bees do.^Wise, New Forest, p. 184. 

Plim [pliml, v, to swell *Ak. Barley is pliniy when it is full. — 
Wise. U sed also of poultry. Ex. Fowls or ducks are said to ' plim 
up well' in roasting. — ^N. H. 

Plock [plok], sb, a block of wood. — Wise, New Forest, p. 163. * A 
Ghristauas plock,* the yule-log. — ^W. 

Plough-stilts [plou-stiltsl, sh.pl, the handles of a plough. Ex. 
'"mien he be walking between the plough-stilts,* — Horace Smith's 
New Forest, a novel, 1829, ii p. 25. 

Poach [poach], v, to tread damp ground into holes and foot-prints, 
as by cattle. 

Podge [poj], sb, a blow, a nudge, a belly- winder. Ex. ' I'll give you 
a podge in the guts.' — F. M. 

Poke [poak], (!) v,n. To point the head forwards, in a stiff way. 
* He goes poking along.' — Cooper. Com. 

(2) V, a. to thrust. ' The cow poked him with her horns.' — Cooper. 
Com. 

Pole-ring fpoal-ring], sb, the ring which secures the blade of a scythe 
to the pole or handle. See Snead. 

Pollard [pol'urd], sb, a large post. — ^F. M. I never heard the word 
applied in North Hants to anything but a tree whose branches have 
been cut off. — W. H. C. 

Pomewater [poam-wautur], sb, a large apple, tempting to the sight, 
but excessively sour. Described oy Shakespeare, Love's Lahoui's 
Lost, iv. 2. In the old ballad, Blue Cap for me, we have : — 

' Whose cheeks did resemble two roscB^mg pomewaters,* 

Shakespeare^ s Birthplace, by J. B. Wise, p. 99. 

Pon-shard, Panshard [pon*shurd, pan*shiird], sb, a fragment of 
broken earthenware. See Shard. ''^Ak. Also see Punchard. 

Ponto [pon'toa], sb. a lump of soft bread kneaded into a balL — 
Adams' Wykehamica, p. 430. 

Pook [pook], V, to thrust with the horns. — J. 

Pooks [pooks], «&.^Z. haycocks. N. and Q, Ist Ser. x. 120. See 
Puck. 

Poor man's weather-glais [poor manz wedhur-glaas], sb, AnagalliM 
arvensis, — J. B. 

Pop [pop], sb, a smart blow, — ^W. Ex. ' Gie that post a pop on the 
head^wr a bightle.' 

Pop, V. to strike ; * to pop a child,* to whip it. — W. 

Poppers [pop'urz], sb. Digitalis purpurea. *In Hampshire it is 
veiy well known by the name of Poppers ; because if you hold the 
broad end of the flower close between your finger and thumb, and 



BAMPSUIRE OLOSSART. 69 

at tho small head, as into a bladder, till it bo full of winde, ami 
auddenly strike on it with your other hand, it will give a grtut 

crack or pop, — E. Turner, Soiano/ugia, p. 121 (IGM). 
Popple-Btone [pop'I-stoan], eb. a pebble. — J. 
FopB [pops], »li, pi. the same aa Foppen. — W. ; J, B. 
Pot-lug [p■J^!^g], ell. the eatno aa tho Iwj, lugatick, or rugstieh. Seo 

Bugstick. 
Poachy [poirchi], aiJj. soft ; as land softened by rain. — J. 
Fotllt [pultl], a blow with a stick. "Ak. Also, to give one a 

piiltiii'j with a stick, now coinnionly called a jiiiliiag. — "Wise. 
Powdering -tab [pou-dring tub], ab. a salting-tub. — J. 
Franked [prank'iJ], ailj. variegated, spotted. Ex. ' A j)ran!ced 

butterfly; a prawAW kerchief.' — J. 
Pride fpreid], sb. a kind of lamprey ; nmmocmlei branchialU, Dum. 

See Plot's Ox/ordihire. Not« by Hev. L. JenyuB to White's Nat, 

nut. 0/ SelhoTM, Letter xi. 
'Fright [preit], adj. and adti. upright. — N. H. 
Frinit [prin-it], 1'. «. take it, Fr. prenei. 'Ak, 
Friie [jirt'iz], v. to raise by means of a lever. — Cooper. 
Prong [prong], nb. a hay-fork, a dung-fork j used only of forks with 

two tines or points. — N. H, 
Frond-flesh [proud-flesh], sb. the flesli when swollen and inflamed 

round a sore or wound, which is removed by vitriol or caustic. — F. M. ; 

Com. 
Pruff [pruf], for proof; hard, insensible to pain. — Winch. Sch. Gl, 

Obstinate.— Adama' ITi/kthamita, p. 431. 
Fuclc [pnk], sb. a sheaf of barley or oata. 
Puck, sb. a New Forest sprite, — Wise, New Forest, p. 174. See 

Colt-pixey. 
Puck, it. to put up sheaves, especially of barley or oats. Wheat ia 

put up in Ai(«.— Wise, Nrw Fornl. 
Pucker [puk'ur], sfi, irritation ; temper, perplexity, vexation. Ex. 

' I be in a terrible pucker.' — J. 
Puckeridge [puk-uridj], sb. {\) Tlie fern-owl or goat-sucker. 

(2) A disea'-e in calves, "Tne country-people have a notion that the 

fern owl, or chum-owl, or eve-jar, which they also call a jiudctridge, 
■ is veiT injurious to weaning- calves, by inflicting, asitetrikesatthem, 

a fabu distemper known to cow-leeches by the name of packrridgc' — 

Miieellimtoui Observations, by Eev. Gilbert White, See J&r-Bird. 

Note tho numsrous names of this bird ; viz. frrn-oiol, ehuru-owl, tvt- 

jar, J'lr-birtt, nigltl-jnr, ntght-liawli, niaht-crow, ground- liawk, and 

puckeridge, all of which seem known in Hants. 
Fnckets [puk-ets], sb. pi. neata of caterpillars, — Cooper, 
vfliok-needle [puk-uee-dl], sb, Seartdix Pm^m,— HoUoway's Diction- 



70 HAMPSHIRE GLOSSARV. 

Puddling about [pud'lin u'bout], part, wasting time on trifles. — 
N. H. 

Pnffballs [puf 'baulz], sb. pL Lycoperdon giganteum and other spedea, 
— Holloway*8 Dictionary, — J. B. 

Png [pug], sb. a kind of loam. — Cooper. Used in the New Foieit 

— ^Wise. 

Fulting, sb. See Poult. 

Pumple-footed [pump-1 fuot-ed], adj. club-footed. — Cooper. 

Pure [peur], adj. well, in good health. — N. and Q. Ist Ser. z. 120. 

Purely [peur-li], adv. (1) The same as Pure. Ex. * Quite purely/ 
quite welL ♦Ak. 
(2) Extremely. Ex. * 'Tis purdy mild.*— J. 

Purl [purl], V. to turn round, as clouds veer with the wind. — W. 

Pur-lamb [pur-lam], sb. a male lamb. — Lisle. 

Purly [pur'li], adj. weak-sighted. *Ak. 

Pussy-cats [puos'i-kats], sb. pi. Catkins of Salix, — HoUoway's 
Dictionary.-— J. B. 

Putlug [put'lug], sb. the horizontal pole which supports the boards 
. oi a scaffold.— N. H. 

Putlug-holes [putiug-hoalz], sb. pi. spaces in a wall where the put- 
. lug entered, and which are filled up after the scaffold is struck — 
N.H. 

Pwint [pwoint], sb, a pint. •Ak. 

Quag [kwag], sb. a quagmire. — W, 

Quaggle [kwog'l], v. to shake like jelly. — J. 

Quar []kworl sb. the udder of a cow or sheep when hard after 
calving or lambing. — Wise, New Forest, 

Quar, V. to work in a quarry, *Ak. 

Quarred [kword], adj. ' Beer is said to be qiiarred, when it drinks 
hard or rough. —Wise, New Forest. 

Quarrel [kwor-ul], sb. a square of window-glass. *Ak. 

Quarries [kworiz], sb. pi. the diamond-shaped panes of a leaded 
casement. — N. BT. Compare French Carrd. 

Quat [kwot], sb. a pimple, small boil, small blister. See OiheUo^ Y. 
i. 11. — W. Also called quilt. 

Quat, V. to squat. *Ak. (who spells it qwat), 

Quat-vessel [kwot-ves-1], sb. Carduus lanceolatus, — J. B. 

Querking [kwurk-in], par^. grumbling. Ex. ' He be alius querking,^ 

—V. 

Quest [kwest], sb. a wood-pigeon. *Ak» Not common in Hants. 



HAMPSHIRE OLOSSART. 



71 



Qaest, r. to give tougue as a spaniel does on trail — Cooper ; Wise, 
ftnick [kwilv], ih. ;i7. young plants of hawthorn {Crataipia orya- 

caiilhii). Ex. ' It'll take nigh upon two tbotiBand quidc to plant that 

bauk.'— N. H. 



fluiokhedge [kwik-!iej],sJ. a hedge formed of hawthorn, or other 
glowing ehrubs; a Ijvo-hodge, in contradistinction to a dead-hedgs 
iniide by twisting brushwood along the bank, — N. H. 

Qnid [kwiJ], !'. to suck. "Ak. Cf. tlic phr. ' a qiud of tohacco.' 

Qniddle [kwid'l], v. to be anxious and busy about trifles; to fasa 
about, Heard at Bournemouth. See Xwiddle.— W. W. S. 

Qnill-np [kwil-up], v. to rise aa water does in a spring, — N. H. Cf, 
Germ, quelle, a, apring. 

tttlilt [kwilt],K6. a pimple, boil, small blister; the same a&quat. — W. 

Quilti V. a. to heat with twigs, Ex. ' I'll quilt thee jacket to 'ee.' — J. 

Qnilt, v. n. to BWallow. "Ak. 

QntnnetB [kwin-tits]. Kb. pi, the rings of iron tliat secure the nibs of 
a Kcytho. See Suead. 

Quirk [liwark], to cry out, aa a hare when caught in a trap, — Tf. H, 

Qniskin [kwis'kin], jjres, pi. complaining. 'Ak. 

Anod [kwod], «. to catch eels with an earth-worm, or a piece of 
worsted. — J. 

QnoUera [k-woi-lurz], sh. pi. part of cart-harness. — J. 

Quop [kwop], V. to throb. 'Ak. 

Ouot [kwot], V. ». to walk in an undignified manner. — J. 

ftnotted [kwofed], pp. satiated, cloyed, glutted. — Cooper. 



Sabhit yon [rab'Ut], inter}, confound you ! Another farm of tbo 
oath is ' TahbH your head.' 

Bahbiter [rab'etur], gh. a blow on the hack of the neck given ■with 
the edge of the open hand. From the mode uaually employed in kill- 
ing rabbi la. — Adama' Wijkehamica, p. 431. 

Eack [rak], sb. part of a neck of mutton. — Winch. Sell. Gl. 

Kaok-and-manger [rak-un-mai-njur], p/ir. expresses utter mismanage- 
mect, all going wrong, everything out of place, and going to de- 
struction.— N. H, Sbo Life -of Robin Good/flloiB, 1B2S. Halliwell'a 
Diet. iL 6Q2. 

uk-and-rend [rak-un-rend], phr. wreck and ruin. — J. [It should 
probably be apelt uiradi.}—yf. H. 0. 



72 HAMPSHIRE QLOSSART. 

Back-up [rak-up], v. to feed the horses and leave them for the night 
— Cooper. 

Backet [rak-it], sb, a bustling noise. — J. Com. 

Backety [rakiti], adj, unsteady, extravagant; as a spendthrift. — 

N. H. 
Bacony [rak'uni], adj, harsh, wiry. Applied to doth. — J. 

Baff [raf], sb, a low, worthless fellow. — J. 

Baftering, [raaf -turing], sb. ' raftering the land is a sort of rest- 
baulk ploughing, on account of the number of flint-stones rendering 
it too difficul't to breast-plough.'— Driver's Gen, View of Agriculture in 
HanU (London, 1794), p. 68.— W. W. S. 

Bafty [raafti], adj, (1) Rancid; musty, Ba'rafty bacon.' •Ak. 
Jta/tyoacoji is rusty bacon. 

(2) Being of a cross-grained temper. — J. 

Bag [rag], V, a, to rail at. Ex. * Measter gied me a ragging,' — J. 
Bagged-jacks [ragid-jaks], sb.pl, small shrimps (sea-coast). — ^Wiaei 

Bagged Bobin, sb. Lychnis Floa-cuculi, — J. B. 

Bags and jags [ragz un jagz], sb, pi, shreds of cloth, &c. So in the 
nursery verses : — 

' Hark, hark, the dogs do bark, 
The beggars are coming to town ; 
Some in rags, and some ia jags, 
And some in tattered gowns. —F. M. 

Another version — velvet gowns. — ^W. W. S. 

Bain [rain], v. to peel bark. — ^Wise, New Forest, 

Bainer [rai*nurl, sb. one who 'peeh bark. New Forest. 'The 
rainera, as the bark-peelers were called, were then busy,' The Cousins, 
by J. Wise.— J. B. jProbably a different pronunciation of rinder. See 
Bind.— W. H. 0. 

Barnard [ram-urd], adv, to the right. Put for ramward, a corruption 
of framward or frontward. So toard, for toward, means to the left, 
i, e. to you. — ^Wise, New Forest 

Bammel cheese [rami cheez], sb. the best kind of cheese; as dis- 
tinguished from omary cheese, q. v. — Wise, New Forest, 

Bammucky [ramniki], adj. dissolute, wanton. 'A rammucky man ' 
is a depraved character — ^Wise, New Forest, 

Bampage [rampaij], v, n. to prance about furiously ; to make a dis- 
turbance ; to be violent. Ex. ' He went rampaging about.*— N. H. 

Bampagions [rampaijus], adj, riotous, noisy. — F. M. 

Bampant [ram*punt], adj, extremely painful ; agonizing. Ex. ' My 
poor head be so rornpan^.'— N. H. 



HAHPSHIBE GLOSSARr. 73 

Sanuliaokle [ram'shaki], adj. old, worthies?, broken, out oF order. — 
P. iL Loom, untidy, unguinly. *Ak. Out of repair. Applied to 
a, building ; out of order aud conditioD, iu goaeral. — Pegge's Su^. to 

Bftmsoiia [ram'/uoz], sh. wild garlic. Allium umnum. — J. 

Samol-np [ram-ul-up], v. to eat greedily. — If. H, 

Rank [rank], ofZ/', strong-growing. Applied to plants. — N. H. Com. 



Basiled. See Halt 

Batch [rftch], v. to stretch ; aa ' ratch your maw,' i. e. stretch your 
etomach with food. — Cooper. Cooper writes it wralch; but cf, Soot- 



Ex. 'I got up rath this 



Bath [raath], adj. and adu. ear 

momin g.' — Cooper. 
Bath-ripe [raath-reip], adj. early ripe.— Liale. 
Bather [raath'ur], adj. (comparative of rath) sooner. — Lisle, 
Battle-trap [rat'l-trap], »b. a worn-out, shaky cart or carriage. — N. H. 

Battle-traps, sb. pi. things lying about in disorder, or requiring to 
be packed up. Kx. ' A woman's ruttle-trtijis,' are all her apparel, &c, — 

Eaught [rant], pt. i: reached. 'Ak. 

BaTeliags [ravdingz], tb. pi. frayed or unwound textile fabrics.— 

Bazor-bill [rai-zur-hil], »b. the red-breasted merganser ; mergtit 
ttrrator, Lin, * Known to the fishcnnen at Christchureh as the 
raior-itK,'— Wise, Ntw Fortit, p. 312. 

Beady [red-i], adj. cooked ; used of meat when uell done ; opposed 
to B«ar, q. v, — W, 

Bear freer], sb. ' a piece of wood placed under the " bee-pots " to give 
the bees mow room.'— Wise, New Forest, p. 185. 

Bear, Beer, Bere, adj. raw, tmderdooe. "Ak. and Wise, Nem 
Forest, p. 192. 

Bearing-bone [ree-rin-boan], »b. the hip-bone of a pig. — J. 

Bearing-feaBt [recrin-feest], sb. a supper when the roof of a new- 
built house is put on. — J. 

Beaves free-uvz], sb. 2>l. the boards or tails put round waggons, so as 
to enable them to take a greater load, — "Wise, New Foreat. 

Bed-head [red-hed], *t. the pochard; Anag ferma, Liu. 'Known 
along the Hampshire coast as the redhead and ier.'— Wise, New Forat, 
p. 312. 
ted Heatli [red heth], sh. Calluna vuhjarU. — J. B. 



74 HAMPSHIBE GLOSSABT. 

Bed Merry [red mer*i], sb. a led-fruited var. of Prunus Avium, 
Dr. Bromfieks MSS.— J. B. 



Kedweed [redweed], sb, Papaver JUubos. — J. B. 

Kef age [ref 'eujl, adj, inferior, unsaleable — as, * re/itge bricks/ * re/ttge 
sheep, &C. dorr, from refuse, — Cooper. 

Beg^der [regaadmr], sb, an officer whose business it is to enquire 
into the trespasses committed in the Forest.-— N. F. 

Bemedy [rem-idi], sb, a half-holiday at Winchester School — Pegge*8 
Supp, to Grose. 

Bemward [rem'urd], adv, to the right. See Barnard. 

Bennie-mouse, Beiny-mouse [reni mous, rai'ni mous], sb, the bat. 
See Beremouae. — Wise, New Forest, p. 192. 

Bere [reer]. See Boar. 

Bere-mouse [reer-mous], sb, the bat. — ^Wise, p. 192. A.S. hr^re- 
mu8f the fluttering mouse, from hrSran, to flutter. See Flittermouae. 

Besolute [rez'uloot], adj, strong, active. Ex. ^ He is a great, resolute 
chap.' • Thaf s a resoliUe dog of youm.' — ^N. H. 

Bevel [revl], sb, a parochial festival *Ak. 

Bibgrass [ribgraas], sb, Plantago lanceolata, — HoUoway's Dictionary,. 
— J. B. 

Bick [i^k], sb, a sprain. Ex. 'I think it's a rich; that's what the 
matter wi' 'un.' — N. H. 

Bick, V, a, to sprain. Ex. ' He's ricked his arm.' — N". H. 

Bick, V, to twist. Ex. * To rick one's ancle,' to twist it ; * to rick a 
ball ' at cricket, to make it twist or turn. — W. 

Bick-raok Frik'rak], adj, only applied to the weather; stormy, bois- 
terous. Of. Eng. reeky, and rack, — Wise, New Forest, 

Blok-staddle. See Staddle. 

Biok-yictuals [rik'vitlz], sb, pi, hay, peas, beans. — ^W. 

Bickest [rik'est], sb. a rick-yard.^-J. 

Bid [rid], v, to clear oflf work. — J. 

Biddle [ridi], sb, the ruddle, or composition of red ochre, with 
which sheep are marked. ''^Ak. 

Bide Freid], sb, (1) A little stream. — Grose; Warner; F, M. 
(2) A road through a wood. — ^N. H. 

Bidge-bone [rij-boan], sb, the weather-boarding on the outside of 
wooden houses. — Cooper. 

B'ig [rig], V, (1) To climb.— J. 

(2) To leap on, as quadrupeds in copulation. — ^N. H. 

Bile [reil], v, to ruffle one's temper. — Cooper. 

Bind [reind], sb, the bark of a tree. Ex. 'They poles U do for 
rafters wi' the rind on.' — N. H. 



UAMPSUIHE GLOSSAKY. iO 

'"Eiprrip], «?-.(!) A coop. 

(2) A n-orthloBs fellow.— F. M. WLen applied to a femalo a 
lewd, unchaste person. 
Bip, V. a. to put into a coop. Ex. ' To rip a ben ; ' to put a hen into 

a. coop. — N. H. 
Eip. (.', a. to saw with the grain of wood. Ex. ' We'll juat rip un 

down.-— N. H. 
Rip-hook [rip-uok], sb. a aicklo ; a reaping-hook. — N. H. 
Bise [reis], sh. brushwootl or coppice-wood ; as, ' n htindle of me.' — . 

Cooper. Common in Old Eaglish. See White-rice. 
Kite [reizl, v. to begin to ascend- Ex. ' You must turn-off afore yott 
ri« the ku.'— N. H. 
HUshes [rish'ezl, eb. pi. various species of Jutieus.- — lloUowoy's Die- 
m tionary. — J. B. Old pronunciation of rushes. 
SoliLa's-eyea [robinz-ei^] , th. pi. the (lowers of the milkwort (Polij- 
(jahiiii vulgart). AppHed also to others, as those uf the forget-me-not. 

Bock [rok], v. to reek, steam, smoke. — W. See Boke. 
Bocklers [rok-yurz], si. a small blue dove. 'Anions them [the 
wood-pigeons] were little parties of Hmall blue doves, which ho calls 
roctier).'— White's Nat. Biet. o/ Selbornt, Letter xhv. 
Bockled [rok-uldl, adj. wrinkled. — Cooper. Cooper writes tcrocMed, 

Cf. ruck and ruet/e iu Hal. 
Boke [ronk], eh. steam from boiling- water. See Book. 
Boke, I', (used rather loosely) in the senses — (1) To smoke. 
_ (2) To steam, as a dunghill in frosty weather; or aa hot water. 

■ (») To drizzle, as small, misty rain.— W. Bather ns warm lain 
I ■which evaporates in mist. Cf. Germ. Jtauch, smoke. — W. H. 0. 
Boker [roa'kur], «b. a stick or other instrument used for Btiiring any- 
thing. 8o also V. ' to rolte.' 
Boky [roa'ki], adj. misty, steamy. See rooky, in Macbeth, iii. 2, — W. 

Bong. ab. the step of a ladder. *Ak. See Bung, as it is always 

pronounced in North Hants. — W. H. C. 
Bonge [rouj], v. to kick or play ; said of horses. — Wise, Neiff Forest, 
Boopy [roo'pi], adj. hoarse. Ex. 'I be that roopy I can't ang.' — J. 

Bongh-mmio [ruf-mcu'zik], sb. a serenade with pots, kettles, or any- 
thing else that makes a hideous noise, given to married fcilks who are 
reputed to quarrel . or ill-treat one another ; or to those who otherwise 
disgrace themselves. —N. H. 

Boughinga [mfingz], sb.pl. winter dried grass. — J. See Bower 
ami Rowings, 
_ 3oiU)d-&O0k [round-frok], sh. a gaberdine, or upper garment, worn 

I by the rustics. — Cooper. A 8mook'fix)Bk. — Wise. 



76 HAMPSHIRE QLOSSABT. 

Eouse-abont [rouz-ubout], adj. bustling. Ex. *Mrs. Jonoa is a 

rouse-abotU woman.' — J. 
Bewen and Eowet [roa'un, roa'ut], eb, winter grass. — Lisle. 

Eowings [roa'ingz], sb, pi the latter pasture, which springs up after 
the mowing of the first crop. — Cooper. 

Bnbbage [nib'ij], sb. rubbish. 

Knbble [rub-1], sb, rubbish. 

EnbbleTrub-l], v, to remove the gravel, which is deposited, in the 
New Ixjrest, in a thick layer over the beds of clay or marL — ^Wise, 
Ntw Forest, 

Knbblin [rub-lin], sb, the gravel over the marl or day. — ^Wiae, 
New Forest, 

Bndder [rud*ur], sb. a riddle, a sieve. — W. 

Bnddley [rud-li], adj, stained with iron rust. Ex. 'They drain-tiles 
we took up was all full of ruddley stuff/ i. e, mould impregnated with 
iron. Sometimes incorrectly pronoimced ruggUy, — ^W. hT 0. 

Kne [roo], sb, a row ; a hedge-row. — Cooper. 
Bufiatory [ruf'utori], adj, rude, boisterous. — F. M. 

Bnggley. See Euddley. 

Bug-stick [rug-stik], sb, a bar in a chimney, on which hangs the 
cotterd (or iron-scale or crane^ as it is also called) to which the kettle 
• or pot is fiistened. Called also lug-atick, — ^Wise, New Forest. 

Bum [rum], adj. eccentric, queer; as, 'a rum oV feller.* — Cooper. Com, 

Bumbufltical [rumbust-ikl], adj, blusterous in manners, bustling, 
pushing, and incommoding others. — Cooper. Used also of an un- 
manageable horse. — N. H. 

Bumpled-skein [rum'puld-skain], sb. anything in confusion ; a dis- 
agreement. *Ak. 

Bummey [rum-i], a^j, queer, eccentric. See Bum. — N. H. 
Bung [rung], sb, the cross-rail or step of a ladder. — N. H. 
Busty [rust'i], adj, restive. ♦Ak. 
Buz [ruks], V, a. to stir, or shake. As * to rux it out.' — N. H. 

Saaoe [saas], sb, sauciness, impertinence. *Ak. 

Sabbed [sabd], pp. saturated with water or liquor. — Cooper. 

Safe [saif], ac(/. sure. Ex. *Safe to die.' N, and'Q, Ist Ser. x. 
120.— HaL Certain. Ex. * I'm safe to be there myself.' 

Sag [sag], V, to bulge. — J. Rather to bulge downwards. — W. W. S. 

Salt-cat [sault-kat], sb, (1) A mixture of coarse meal, clay, and salt, 
with some other ingredients, placed in a dove-cot to prevent the 
pigeons from leaving it, and to allure others. Forby derives it 
m)m cote, i. e. cake. — F. AL 



HAMPSHIRE GLOSSARY. 



(2) A lump'of rock-salt, for cattlo to Kck in the field or 'bsrton '; 

' * ■ ' ' ' tho pigeons to puck at. — W. Of. 

Bacon's Jiesai/i ; Of Cunning.— yf. 



alao put into a pigeons' house 
the eld phrase to turn cat in pa 

w. a 



SaltB [saults]. Hi), pi. marahea near the Bea flooded by the tides, — 

Cooper. 
Sanl [sau-l], ab. soul 'Ak. 
Sw [wiar], V. (1) To aerve. Ex. • It sar'd un right.* 

(2) To feed. Ex. ' Sar the piga.'— J. 
Sawney [sau'ui], sb. a. simpK'ton.— N. H. Com. 
Scadger [skaj'ur], «6. a ruffian. — Wiucli. Sek. Gl. 
Scaldings [skau'ldingz], interj, A cry raised to warn others to get 

out of the way at their peril (as though a person were carrying aoma- 

t hiii g Bcalding hot). — Adams' Wykehamica, p. 432. 

Scale, Sqaoil [skail, akwoill, »b. a ahort stick loaded at oaa end 
with lead, and ia distiaguishod from a anng^ which ia only weighted 
with wood.— Wise, New Forat, p. 182. See Squoyl. 

Scale [skoil], v. to throw atones. — J. 

Scaly [skai-li], adj. (1) shabby.— F. M. 

(2) Mischievoua, cloae, mean. Ex. ' A tody fellow,' a mean person. 
— Cooper. 

Scamble [skamh-1], (1) v. n. to crumble, as a bank, 

(2) V. a, To hroik down, or tread down. 

(3) V. n. To roam about.— N. H. 

Scar [skaac], c. to drive away. — J, [For scare.] 

Scaroy [fikairsi], atlj. scarce. — F. M. 

Scant [skautl, v. to strain with the foot in supporting or pushing 

anything. *Ak. 
Scant See Squat 
Scoat [akoat], ih. ashore. — J. 

Sconce [skons], v. to deprive a person of anything. — Winch. Sell. 01. 
Scoop [skoop], ib. a boiler. — J. 
Scrabble [skrab-l], v. n. (1) To crawl about, Ex. 'Little Billy's 

Krahhlin'j ahoui house.' 

(2) To make a scratching noise. As ' rats KTohhk.'-^S. [Bather to 

scratch, without reference to the noise. Cf, 1 Samuel xxi. 13.] 
Scran [skran], tb. a bag. [See the remarks on this word in E. D. S. 

Gloss. B. 19, p. 24.] 
Scraze [skraiz], v. a. to graze. Ex. ' I've scraud my leg." — J. 
Screech [skreech], »h. the bull-thrush.— Wise. •Ak. gives ' Screech, 



^the missel -thrush.' 
.[.krim], 



Never so called i: 
Ex. '& 



N. H. 

the curJs well.'- 



78 HAMPSHIRE QLOSSART. 

Scrimpy rskrim-pi], adj. mean, small. Ex. *A terrible acrimpy 
pudden. — J. 

Scroop [skroop], v. to grate, to creak, as a door on rusty hinges. — 
Wise, New Forest, p. 186. Or as a cart-wheel wanting grease. — N. H. 

Sorondge, Sorudge [skronj, skrudj], v. to squeeze closely. — F. M. 
(2) To crowd up. — Cooper, who spells it acrowge. ♦Ak. scrouge. 
See Scruncli. 

Sorow [skrou], adj. (1) cross. 'Ex. * Main scrow,' very cross. •Ak. 

(2) Angry, scowling. — Cooper. 

(3) Dark, threatening, as weather. Ex. * A screw night.' — J. 

Scmmple [skrump-l], v, to crush. — J. [For crumple.] 
Scrumpling [skrump'ling], sb, a small apple. — J. [For crumpling.] 

flcrunoh [skrunsh], v. (!) To bite in pieces with the teeth, so as to 
make a noise. — F, M. 

(2) To squeeze closely. — F. M. See Scroudge. 

Scnddiok [skudik], sb. a small coin. Ex. 'Not worth a seuddick.* 

* Not got a acuddick to fly with.*— W. See Scuttick. 

Souffle [skuf 1], sb. a kind of hoe for scraping the ground. — N. H. 

Souffle [scufl], (1) V. a. To scrape the surface of the ground. Ex. 

* To Bcuffle up weeds.* 

(2) V. n. To walk without raising the feet from the groimd. Ex. 

* He goes scuffling along.' — ^N. H. 

Song [skug], sb. a squirrel. ' Let's go «cti^-hunting ' is a common 
phrase. — N. and Q. Ist Ser. v. 251. — N. H. 

Sougbolt [skugboalt], sb. a stick with a leaden head, used for knock- 
ing down bii^ and acuga (squirrels). N. and Q. Ist Ser. x. 400. See 
Squoil. 

Scuggy [skugi], sb. a squirroL — ^W. See Scug. 

Scull [skul], sb. a drove, or herd, or pack of low people; lit a 
shoal; always used in an opprobrious sense. — Wise, New Forest 

Scuppit [skupit], sb. a small scoop used by malsters, &c. — Cooper. 

Scutfskut], sb. the wren. Sometimes called scutta-vrren [skutniren]. 
— ^. M. Bather acutty-wren. — W. H. C. 

Scuttick [skut'ik], sb. anything of the smallest possible worth. ' 111 
tell you what I mean to do; I won't pay one farthing— no, I won't 
pay one acuttick towards the taxes, nor the Poor's rate, nor the parson 
neither, not till I find something to satisfy my mind.' Election Speech^ 
Newport, Isle of Wight, April 20, 1831. See Scuddick. 

Sedge [sedj-], sb. Spartina altemifiora. — Dr. Bromfleld in Phytoio- 
giat, id. 1096, O.S.— J. B. 

Seed-lip [seed'lip], sb. a wooden box, of a peculiar shape, which ia 
carried by persons when sowing the ground. — Cooper. 



HAMPSHIRE GLOSSARY. 



79 



• *rye [aur»], 



Ex."' We r 



. (1) To make; to treat, 
t'other one.' We must do te it as to the other o 
a gate or poBt, or articles of furiiituro.^N. IL 
(2) To feed animals. See Bar. — J. 

Setty[set-i],firf/'. Eggs aro said to be setty when they are sat upon. — 

Wise, New Forttt. 
Sew [aeu], aiij. dry, apoken of cows. Es. ' To go eeio ' (of a cow) ia 

to go dry. — Cooper. 
Sewent [seu-ent], adj. smooth, aa a field of com. — J. Seo Saant. 
Bhacket [shak-ut], »b. a fair load of buy or straw, — N. H, 
Bhackety [shak-uti], a^^'. out of repair. — N. H, 
Skackle [shak-1], sb. a withy ring foF securing hurdles to the stakes. 

Shade [shnid], eh. ' It has nothing in common with the ehadowB 
of the woods, but means either a pool or an open piece of ground, 
generally on a htli-top, where the cattle in the warm weather collect, 
or, as the phrase is, " come to ihtide," for the sake of the water in the 
one and the breeze in the other. Thus " Ober Sliade " means nothing 
more than Ober pond; whilst " St«ny-cross S/inde" ia a mere turfy 
plot' — Wise, Ntw Foreat, p. 181. The word was suggested by the 
notion of coolnai. 

Shadow-cow [shad-u-kou], «5. a cow whose body ia a different 
colour to its hind and fore-parts. — Wise, A'fiu Forest, p. 185. 

Shake [shnik], sb, a crack, flaw, or rift in a tree. A woodman's 
term.— W. 

Shaky [sliai'ki], ad/, unsound, aa applied to limber having shakes or 
rifts. ' The trees on the freestone grow large, but are what workmen 
call thakey, and so brittle as often to fall to pieces in sawing.' — 
White's A'<i{. Hilt, o/ Sdliome, Letter L See Shake. 

Bhammock [shamnik], p. to slouch, to shamble.— Wise, New Forest. 

Sh ammo eking', pres. pnrt. aa ndj. shambling; a shmnmocking man 
ine;iijs an idle, good-for-nothing person ; a $hammoeh'iig dog means 
almost a thievish, stealing dog. — Wise, New Forat. 

I bank, Cf, A.S. Seeran, 



Shard [shard], «6. (1) A g 



L hedge o; 



[2) A cup, Ex. 'A thard of tea,' a cup of tea, — Wise, Neiu Forat. 
It probably does not mean ' a cup,' but ' a amall quantity,' ba a bit 
of meat, a morsel of bread ; so a ihard, (i. e. a little piece) of tea. — 



Sham-beetle [sliaan-beetl], sb. dung-beetle. — J. But the won! 
btetle is very rare among tho peasantry in Hants. They always call 
it Dob. with various profises.— W. H. 0. 

p [shnap], «''. tho sljaft of a cart. — Cooper. See Sharf, 



8Q HAMPSHIBE QLOSSABT. 

Sharp [shaap], v, a. to sharpen. Ex. ' I maun iharp the saw, afoi6 
I does more wi' her.* — N. H. 

Shanl [shaul], sh. a shovel to winnow with. — Cooper. From Ray, 
who writes ihawle. It is literally shovel, the v being pronounced as 
u; as in the nursery rhym< 



* I, said the owl, 
With my little ahoud.'—W. H. 0. 

Shaw [shau], sh, a small wood. — N. H. 

Shealin^ [shee'lin], sb. a lean-to; a smaller building constructed 
adjoimng to, and against another. — N. H. 

Sheening [shee'ningl, sb. for machining; working by taskwork at a 
machine. N. and Q. Ist Ser. z. 400. 

Sheep-slate [sheep-slait], sb. a sheep-walk ; sheep-lease. — lisle. 

Sheer [sheer], adj\ shining, glassy ; used especially of any inflamma- 
tion which looks angry. — W. 

Sheers [sheeTz], sb, pi. for shires; the midland counties. Ex. 'He 
comes out of the aheera somewheres.* — N. H. 

Sheets-axe [sheets-aks], sb. pi. oak-galls. — J. B. * On the 29th of 
May chiloxen carry oak-apples about, and call out aheeU-axe in 
dension to those who are not provided with them.' — Wise, New 
Forest, p. 183. 

Shelf, sb. (!) A bank of sand or pebbles. 
2) A shallow in a river. 

(3) A ford. See shelves in Milton, Comus, 117 ; and shelvy in Sh. 
Merry Wives, UL. v. 15. — Wise, Neva Forest. 

Shim [shim], sb. a smock. — J. This word appears to be an abbrevi- 
t ation of the French chemise, — ^W. H. 0. 

Shim, adj. lean, thin, slim. Ex. < He's a shim fellow,' ». e. thin.— » 
Wise, New Forest. 

Shire- way [sheir-wai], sb. a bridle-way. — Cooper. 

Shirk off [shurk auf], v. to decamp, to retreat in a cowardly way, to 
slink away from. ^Ak. See Shog oft 

Shirky [shurk -i], adj. deceitful — Cooper. 

Shirt-craw. See Craw. 

Shiver-grass [shivur-graas], sb. a species of grass which continually 
seems agitated, or quivers. — F. M. Also called didder-grass, viz. in 
Camba— W. W. S. [SHza,^ 

Shock, Shoak, Shuck fshok, shoak, shuk], v. to break off short 
Gravel is said to shock off at any particular stratum. — Wise, New 
Forest. 

Shock [shok], sb. a heap, applied not merely to com, but to anything 
else. * A shock of sand,' i.e,sk line or band of sand.— Wise, New Forest 



HAMPSHIRE GLOSSARY. 



81 



I harvest ; ona 
izund ekik'ingz], fb. pi. Loiiu comieulalus. 



Shock-shower [shok-Rliour], 

wliicL jiist wots tho S/ioeka, i 
Shoes and Stockiiigs [shoe 

— Hulluway's Diclionury.- 
Shog off [shog auf], V. the same as «7i((* o/. •Ak. Pechaps it haa 

les8 of tho idea of sneaking away. C£ ' Let us ihog off.' Henry V. 

ii. 3. [SAoff and fhirk are not allied.— W. W. S.] 
Shoot [slioot], eb. a deep road downhill.— J. 
Shoot-off [shiiot<auf, aonietinioa pronounced shut], v. to imyoke; 

used Bimetiuios without the suffix. Ex. ' I've juat ahot the inftre,'i,e. 

taken Iter out of hamesa, and put her in tho stahle. — N, IL 



Showl [shoul], th. a ahoveL 'Ak. See Shanl. 

Shrammed [shram-dl, pp. eLilled. "Ak. Verycold.— N. H. Con- 
veys tho notion of being shrunk up with cold. Ex. *rin thramm'i 
W cold.'— W. 

Shrape [shraip], i-. to scold. — Cooper. 

Shrew-ash [shreu-ash], eib. a ' medicated ' aah-tree. ' A nhrew-iish was 
made thus : — Into the body of a tree a deep hole was bored with aa 
auger, aod a poor devoted ihreiE-moute waa thrust in alive, and 
pluggwl in.' White's Ifat. Hist, of Selbornt, Letter xxviii. 

Shrieyy [shreo-vi], tu^. having threads withdrawn. — Coo|)er. 

Shroving [shroa'ving], sh. ' Boys and girls " go ahroving " on Aah- 
Wodnesday ( ? Shrove Tuesday) ; that is, begging for meat and drink 
at the farmhouse, singing thia rude snatch : — 



^1 



" I come a throving, a ahroving, a ihroviiig. 
Fur a piece of pancake : 
For a piece of trufflo-choese 
Of your own making ' ' ; 



hen, if nothing is given, they throw stonea and eharda at the door.' 
■Wise, A'nu Purest, p. 178. 

Bhuck [shuk], sb. a liuek, or shell, as a ' bean-s'(iHrA.' — Cooper. 
Used only alter tho seed has been removed. — "W. H. 0. 

Shuck [shuk], V. to ehako. — Cooper. 

Shnckish [shukisb], mlj. unpleasant, un-setlled, Bliowery; as a 
'thuckiah journey,' '»Au(Aie/t weather,' &c.^Cooper. It seems equiva- 
lent to shaky. 

Shnffling [shuf-ling], pi-ei. piirf. ' To go g/itiffling ' ia to walk with- 
out raising the feet much from the ground, thereby making a iftii^iny 
ooiso.- F. M. See Scuffle, 

Shnn [shun], v. to push. — Cooper. 

Shut. Sec Shoot 



82 HAMPSHIRE GLOSSABT. 

Shnte [sheutl, sb. a joung mwing pig ; bigger than a sucking-pig, 
but not a full-grown pig. — rfiae (note on Cooper, who writes sheaf, shut), 

Shntes [shentsl, sb, pi. joung hogs or porkers before they are put up 
to fatting. — ^Lisle. 

Side [seid], cuij, long. Cf. *8ide sleeves/ t. e. long sleeves. Much 
AdOf ill. 4. 

Side-lands [seid-landz], sb. pi. the headlands of a ploughed field, 
where the plough has.been turned. — Cooper. 

Sidy [sei'di], adj. surly, moody. — Cooper. 

Silk-wood [8ilk-wuod]y0&. the great golden maiden-hair; Poiytricum 
commune ; * which they call siUc-wood,^ — White's Nat. Hist o/Selbome, 
Letter 



Silly [sil'i], adj. frantic, mad, insane. Ex. * It 'ud drive me tilly to 
see it' ' He's gone sUly, and took to th' asylum.' It is always used 
to desi^ate insanity^not folly or idiotcy, which is designated by the 
word Simple. — "N. H. 

Silt See Bacon-silt. 

Simple [sim'pl], adj. weak-minded, foolish, idiotic. Ex. 'He be 
quite simple, poor chap.' — ^N. H. 

Sithe [seidh], v. to sigh. ♦Ak. (who writes aythe). 

Size [seiz], sb. thickness, consistency ; the ' size of the gruel ' means 
its consistency. — ^Wise, New Forest. 

Sizzing [siz'ing], sb. yeast or barm, so called from the sound made 
by ale or beer in working. — Cooper. 

Skeel [skeel], sb. a stratum ; a layer of soil of any kind. — X. H. 

Skeer [skeer], sb. a hard surface as on land not easily broken up. — 
N. H. 

Skellet [skel'ut], sb. a round brass pot, having a bail {q. v.) to hang 
it over the fire. — N. H. 

Skenter [skent'ur], sb. an animal that will not fatten. — J. 

Skenting [skent'ing], adj. cattle are said to be skenting when they 
will not fatten.- 



Skid [skid], sb. a piece of timber laid at an angle with the ground. 
Two or more skids are laid, so as to form an inclined plane to lever 
(q. V.) up large timber. — N. H. 

Skillin [skil'un], sb. a penthouse. *Ak. Common ; especially at 
the back part of a house. — ^Wise. See Shealing. 

Skimmer-cake [skimnir kaikl, sK a small pudding made up ftom 
the remnants of another, ana baked upon a skimm&r, the dish with 
which the milk is skimmed. — Wise, New Forest. 

Skimmington [skimintun], sb. what is called rough music (q^ v.\ 
— iST. and Q. let Ser. x. 400. * To ride Skimmington ' is a ludi- 
crous div.^rsion in many parts of England, when tho grey mare is 



HAMPSniRE GLOSSARY. 83 

the better horae. A sort of triumphal procession, wherein the van- 
quished hushand or hia repreEentatlTe rides behind, towards the 
horse's or osa'a tail, with a t^staff in his hand, spinning or winding 
flni ; and the wife, or her representative, before, with a tkimmer or 
ladle in her hand, with which she sometimes gives the man a rap over 
the head, for not mindine his work. — Madden. (It is much the same 
aa what is called Hough Mtuic in the South, in allusion to the ' rough 
nusio' with which theproccsaioTtisaccora^nied. See the description 
in CliamberB' Book of liayt, ii. SIO { and in Butler's Hudibrat, bit. li. 
canto 2 ; and the numerous illustrfltiens of the phrase in Brand's 
Fop. Antiq. ed. EUis. ii. l&O.— W. W. S.) 



Skitter-boots [sliit-ur-boota],»6. pi. half-boots !aced m front. Called 

also lUtter-vampi. L of W. — llalliwell, 
Bkrow [skrou], adj. Shattered, battered. — Wise, Nete Forest. See 

Scrow, 
Slab [-.IflbJ.at. a thick slice or lump. Ex. 'A slab of bicon," a 

largo piece of bacon, Opposed to laoul. Wise, Ntio Forest, See 

.Squab, Snoul. 
Slabhy [slubi], n,lj. dirty.— J. 
Slabs [slabz], eb. pi. the outer parts of a tree, aawn olT before tlie 

body is sawn into plaak, or the bko, — N. II, 
Blade [slaid], eh. a brook ; a small running atream. — ^X. II. 
81aii [slan], »fc. a sloe. "Ak. Corruptly used ; ^an (A.S. sldn) ia 

properly a plural form. 

Ex. ' To put a horse slap at a 



Slap [slap], o'iv. straight, promptly, 
fence. '-N. H. 



Slap [slap], I', to ship on the cheek is to make use o( rouge. Said to 
be conhnod to the locahties of Sallyport (Portsmouth), Qosport, aad 
Bock. See S.iiIor» and Saints, i. SSM.— F. M. 









Slat [slat], V. (l) To beat upon with violence 

ngaiiist the window. ^Cooper. 
(2) To split, to crack (Ut. to lUl). *Ak. 
Slat [slut], sh. a slate. "Ak. 
Blate [slait], lb. a |}od or husk. — J. 
Sleep-moase [sleep-mous], »b. a dormouse. — N, H. 
Sleepy [slee'pi], ailj. tasteless, insipid ; spoken of apples and pean 

in tlie first sc)ft stute before they rot.— Cooper. 
Slim [slim], aitj- deceitful, crafty. Ex. "A slim fellow,' a rogue. — 



ink [sliuk], »b. a bit : 



1 the pb 



I »Unl.- of ,1 tliinj 



84 HAMPSHIBE GLOSSARY. 

irhich means a poor, weak, starred creature, or anything small and 
of bad qu^ty.--Wifle, New Forest, 

Slink ofL—L. See Shirk off 

Slipshaws [slipshauz], sh. pi. nats that are ripe. — ^W. 

Slither [slidh-ur], c. n. to slide. — N. H. 

Slize [sleiz], v, to look sly. ♦Ak. Wise, New Forest. 

Slock [slok], V. to throw away. Ex. * Slock it away.' — Wise, New 
Forest. 

Sloop [sloop], V. to exchange. *Ak. 

Sloz [slocks], V. to waste or pilfer. ♦Ak. 

Slab [slab], sb, wet and loose mud. Used as slusli or slosh is else- 
where. — Cooper. 

Sluggard's guise [slug-urdz geiz], sb. a sliiggardly habit Hence the 
rhyme : 

' SluggarcFa guise ; 
Loth to bed and loth to rise.' *Ak. 

Slurry [sluri], adj, dull, stagnant, dirty. — N. H. 

Slut [slutl sb. a noise ; chiefly in phrase, ' a slut of thunder,' i. e. a 
peaL — ^Wise, New Forest See Slat. 

Smack [smak], v. to strike with the open hand. Ex. * Fll smack 
thee vace for *ee.* — J. Com. 

Smack, adv, decidedly ; as, ' he went smack at it.* — Cooper. 
Small Heath [smaul heth], sb. Calluna vulgaris. — J. B. 

Smart [smaart], adj. expresses quantity or length. Ex. * A smart 
many ; ' * a smart way ; * * it'll go a smart ways into it ' = it will 
expend a good deal of a sum of money. — N. H. 

Smatch [smach], sb. a smack, an unpleasant flavour. — W. See 

Breachy. 
Smicket [smik-ut], sb. a smock-frock. — ^Wise, New Forest ^ p. 162. 

Smock-faced [smok-fais-d], adj. sheepish, bashful. — J. 

Smolt [smoaltl], adj. (1) Smooth and shining. — Cooper. 
(2) Polished, brushed. — Wise. 

Smoom [smoorn ]], v. to smear. — Cooper. 

Suack [snak], eb. a small 'fives* ball. — Winch. Sch. 01. 

Snacks [snaks], sb. pi. shares ; < to go snacks,* to share or divide 
anything.— i\ M. Com. 

Snag [snag], sb. (1) Prunus Spinosa, the blackthorn. 
(2) The sloe.— W. 

Snag-bl088om [snag-blos'um], sb. the blossom of the blackthorn. — W. 

Snaggle [snag*]], v. to snarl. — W. 

Snail-creepers [snail-kree'purz], sb. the embroidered front of a 
countrjTnan's smock-frock. — ^W. 



HAMl>8mRE: QLOSSARV. 83 

Snake-Fern ^naik-veeurn], eb. VsmnTida reyalin, and Blechnain 
.Spiciiut.—J.B. 

Snake-flower [anaik-flour], sb. Pviinonaria angagti/olia. — J. B. 

Snake slaog [saaik-Btang], gb. a dragoa-fly, — J, 

Bnead [sneal], sh. tho liaadle of a scytfae, Tho family of Sneyd, 
of St<iff,, boar a scj^the in their arms. — Cooper (who writes Snead). 
*Ak. explains that it is thepo?eof a BcythQ(A.S. «ntrJ); tUotwo'sliort 
haadlea are called the nibs, the ria^s that fasten these handles are 
called the quinneU, and the ring which aocurea the blada is colled the 
jiotc-ring. 

SmggcT [snig-ur], v. to gigglo. — J. Soe Sniggle. 

Sniggle [sniglj, sb. an eel peculiar to tlie Avon ia Hampshire ; 

AngiiUtii niedioToitris. — Wise, New Forest. 
Sniggle, V. n. (1) To titter ; to saeer at a peraoa.— N. H. 

(2) To snarl; asadog. — Wise, Nem Forest. 
Sniggling [snig'Ung], sb. the snarling of a dog. — Wise, A'eui Forest, 

p- IWG. 
Snoder-gillB [euodiir-gilz], sh. pi. yew-bcmes. — N, H. 
Snog [snog], eh. a slick used for ' cock-squoyliag,' — Wise, NeiB Forest, 

l>. 132. See Scale aDd SquoyL 
Snotch [snoch], sb. probably for notch. 1 ' To got a anoteJt of a per- 
son,' is to gain an advantage over him. It seems rather, from the 

broad Hampshire a, to he for match, if it be not aa origiaol word. — 

W. H. C. 
Saonl [aaoul], sb. a sntaU quantity. — Cooper. A small piece, a 

morsel. Ex. ' IVo jiiat had a. btwuI,' I have only had a morsol. — 

Wiaa, New Foreit. Whence it appears thut it is a small quantity of 

something edible. — W. H, C. — Opposed to Slab. 
Snow-blossom [snoa-blo3'uml , ab. a saow-flake. A very beautiful 

word ; more commonly used on the Wilta border. — W. 
Snow-drop [saoa-drop], sh. a white variety of Fritillaria Meleagris. 

See CowaUp.— J. B. 
Snnff-box [sauf-boks], sh. Various speciea of fuagua are bo called, 

C£. the Scotch term, ' the devil's inu/-4oa."— W, 
Bock [aok], V. (1) To hit hard at cricket. 

(2J To win; to betocfttii, to be beaten.— iriiicA. S.;A. Ql. 
Boggy [sog-i], adj. damp, wet, bo^y ; applied to load. — N. H. 
Sollf [soli J], lb. a totteriag anduDsafe coaditioa. — Cooper, 
Some [sum], adii. somewhat, a little. ' It haa rained some,' L e. a 

little.— W. 
Some-when [sum-whea], adv. at soma time. — J, 
Sosile [sos-1], sb. a slop, mesa. * Wbat a tossla you have made ! ' — 



86 UAMFSlim£ GLOSSARY. 

Bottle [sos'l], V. to make a slop. — Cooper. 

Souse [sous], sb. the face, ears, feet^ and tail of a hog, eaten cold 
after it has been boiled. The term is denved from «oiMe» the ear, and 
properly, the ear of a pig.— F. M. 

Spalt [spault], V. to turn up. Ex. * It spalfs up from below the 
staple,* t. e. tiie bad ground turns up in ploughing from below the good 
mould. — ^Lisle. [Spali is properly to ^U, — ^W. W. 8.] 

Spanes [spainz], sh. pi, the longitudinal bars of a field gate. — ^N. EL 

Spanker [spankmr], sh. (1) A cant term applied to a showy woman 
of loose character, or who is largely made in the hips. — F. M. 
(2) A stout or actiye person ; spoken of either sex. — ^F. M. 

Spanking [spank-ing], adj, quick. — F. M. 

Spanky [spank-i], adj, showy. ♦Ak. 

Spar [spaarl sh. Spars are small pointed sticks, doubled and 
twisted in the centre, used by thatchers for fixing the straw on a roof. 
— Cooper. 

Sparables [sparablz], sK pi. small triangular nails used by shoe- 
makers.— -F. M. 

Spar-gad [spaar-gad], sb. a beam from which a cass can be made. — 
Wise, New Forest. See Cass. 

Spat [spat], sb, a blow ; a form of pat. Ex. ' To give one a «pa/,' 
f. e, a pat or slap. — W. 

Spat, V. to pat rather sharply, to slap. 

Spats [spats], sb, pi. long leggings. — J. Evidently an abbreyiation 
of spatter-aashes or epatter-dashera. — W. H. 0. 

Spavins [spavunz], sb. pi. spasms. N, and Q. 1st Ser. z. 400. 

Spean [speen], sb. a cow's teat. — Wise, Neio Forest. ' A kicking 
cow has gooa speana.* — Dixon, Canidia [1683], part iiL p. 89. 

Speckle-back [spek-l-bak], sb, a snake. 'The proverb "eat your 
own side, epeade-hack,*^ is a common New Forest expression, and is 
used in reference to greedy people. It is said to have taken its origin 
from a girl who shared her breakfast with a snake, and thus reproved 
her favourite when he took too much.' — ^Wise, New Forest, p. 179. 

Speg [speg], adj. smart. — Adams' Wykehamica, p. 435. 

Spell [spel], «&. (1) A fit or start. Pain is said to come and go by 
spelle, i.e. by continuances of it at certain intervals. — Wise, New 
Forest, 

(2) A time or quantity. Ex. 'He done a good spell of work.* — 
N.H. 

Spene [speen], sb. See Spean. 

Spick, Speck [spik, spek], sb, lavender.— W. Not in Ak. [Halli- 
well or Wright, in this sense.] 

Spikenard [speik-naad], sb. Sison Amomum. Flora Vectensis^ p. 
201.-J. B. ^ 



HAMPSHIKU GL08SART. 



87 



'SpUlwood [spil'wuod], sb. wood thrown away by llie aawyera, — 

Bpine-oak [spein-oak], sb. the heart of oak. — Wise, New Forett. 
Spink [^iiiiik], eb. a chaffinch. N. and Q. lat Scr. s. 400. 
Spinney [apini], th. a very small wood ; a atrip of wood between 

Spire-bed [apwir-bod], sb. a place where the spires [apei'u'ra], or 
shoots of the reed-canaiT grasa {P/uiiurU aruadiuacsa) grow. A 
spire-bed field or iptar-beJ field, -ie a field whore the »pires grow, that 
are used by plasterers and thttteherain their work. ^ Wise, Neiv Foretl, 

Spiritual [spir'iteu'ul], (u^. angry; as, 'I got quite spintiud with 

hiiu." N. and Q. lat Set. x. 120. 
Spit [apit], sb. the depth of a spade. Ex. ' They trenched 'an two 

spit deep.'^N, IL 
Bpith [spith], sb. pith, atrength, force. — Wise, New Forest. 
Bpitter [spit-ur], sb. a spud, a hoe. — W. 
Splice [spleis], v. to throw. WincJi. tir-h. GL 
Splodger [splodj'ur], ib. a thick stick, a bludgeon.— \V. 
Sport [spoaTt], V. (I) To give away, 

(2) To display any article of dress. Winch. Sch. 01. 
Sprack [sprak], adj. quiuk, lively, brisk, active. Also neat, tidy. — • 

Wise, Vew Forest. ' A sprack un,' a lively one. *Ak. 
Spratling [aprat'lin], ai^j. uppish ; consequential, — J. 
Spratter [sprafur], eb. the guillemot; uria trioile, Lath. — Wise, 

Nw Fariat, p. 309. 



Spreath [aprecdh], adj. active, able. 'Ak. See Spraok. 
Spreathed [spree'dh'd], aJj, bitten ,by frost. — W. 'Ak. gives 

' ipreaztd, chapped by oold.' 
Spree [spree], adj. (1) Conceited, giving oneself aire, when applied 

(2) Smart, styliah, when appbed to a thing. WinrK Sch. Ot. 
When nsed in a bail sense ' pretentinua ' ; when in a good, 'stylish,' 
'superior.' — Adams' H'l/kehamica, p. 43o. 

Spring-bird [spring-burd], ib. See Barleybird. 

Spad [spiirll aft. a shnrt knife used to gmb up weeds, A;c — F. M. 
In North Hantd a kind of atraiglit hoe with a long handle, for grub- 
bing up woods or cutting duwn thistloa. 

Spuddle [spudl], V. to atir about. 'Ak. To muddle. — "Wise. 



90 HAMPSHIRE QLOSSART. 

Stooled [stoo'ld], adj, applied to a tree that has been reduced to a 
stump. ' *' A stooled stick'' is used in opposition to maiden-timber, 
which has never been touched with the axe. —Wise, New Forest, p. 183. 

Stop [stop], sb. ' A stop of rabbits/ a nest of rabbits. — W. See 
Stock. 

StonlB [stoulz]. See Stool. 

Stout [stout], sh, a gad-fly. A.S. stiU. — ^Wise, New Forest, p. 193. 

Also ♦Ak. and N. H. 

Stramots [stram'uts], sh, j;Z. grassy places. Ex. ' The main of 'un 
tuffets and atramots ; ' most of the ground was hillocky and grassy. 
— Blackmore's Cradock Nowell, i. p. 226. 

Strand [strand], sh, one of the twists of a line of horse-hair. — 
Cooper. Com. Used of any rope. 

Strap-grass [strap-graas], sh, couch-grass. Triticum repens, — W. 

Strig [strig], sh, the stalk of a plant. — J. 

Strip [strip], v, a, to bark the oak tree. 

StrippiiLg-bird [strip -in-burd], sh. the wry-neck (Junx tarquUla)^ 
whose note is generally heard about stripping-iime, — ^N. H. See 
Felling-bird. 

Stripping-time [strip'in-teim], sh, the period of spring, when the 
bark parts freely from the oskk. — N. H. 

Strog^ [strogz], sh, pi, gaiters. — "Wise, New Forest, p. 162. * Strogs, 
says Mr. Wise, * do not reach (juite so high as the gaiters caUed 
vamplets,' See Vamplets, Mokins. 

Strommeling [strom'uling], adj, awkward, ungainly, unruly. *Ak. 

Stub [stub], V, to take out young feathers from a plucked fowL — J. 

Stubby [stub'i], adj, short and thick, like the stump of a tree. — 
Cooper. 

Stuckling [stuk'ling], sh, a kind of mince-pie made of minced beef, 
caraway seeds, and apples, always served at the election dinners. — 
Winch, Sch. 01, 

Stump [stump], a stoat. N, and Q, 1st Ser. x. 120. 

Stumps [stumpz], «6. pL * To cock up his stumps* to be conceited, 
seli'-sumcient, or re^actory. Ex. ' 'Twas that made 'un cock up his 
stumps so.' — N. H. 

Stwon-dead [stwoan ded], adj, stone-dead, dead as a stone. *Ak. 

Stwonen [stwoan-un], adj, made of stone. *Ak. 

Snant [seu*unt], adj, kindly, even, regular. — Lisle. Pliable. — K. H. 
"^Ak. gives the forms aewentf shewent, and swity. See Sewent. 

Sugg [suog], tiiterj, used to invite pigs to come and eat ; * su^g I 
8ugg ! * —F, M. See Chug. 

Sugg-Tip [sug up], V. a. to face a bank with damp turf ; to rev^l it 
— N.H. 



HAMl'SUIRE OLOSSARV. 01 

Buggy. See Soggy. 

Bull [ml], *6. a pbuyli.—J. 

Snnunat [suimit], (ido. aomewhat, sometliing. Ex. ' 'Twas sammut 

like tkU.' ■ Gie 'un lummul to drink.'— N, H. 
Surplice [flur-ples], «b. a amock-ftock. — Wise, Neu/ Forest, p. 1G2. 
Sussex-dumpling [sus'QkR-dmnp'lin], ah. a dumplinf; made only of 

pasto and water; called also ' a dunoh dumpling.' — W. 
Swabber [swob'ur], ab. the blower in a malt-bouse. — Portsmouth 

Teltgroph, Dec 7, 1812.— F. M. 
Swanky [swan-ki], Of^*. Bwa^erius, strutting. *Ak. 
Bwath [swnadhl, eft. ft row, line, or layer of cut graaa, aa it lies when 

just mown. *Ak. defines it as ' the grass as it lies after being cut 

down by the mower,' which is hardly explicit enough, 
Bweal, Bwele [sweellV. (1) To ainge; ap]jlied to the pcocesa of 

burning off the hristles of a newly-killed hog, or the feathers ot a fowh 
(2) To scorch Unen. — P. SL ; also Cooper. 
Sweal. Swele [sweel], v. in playing marbles, is an expression used 

by schoolboya to signify the intention of moving the tiiui from a 

distant spot into a holo, or one of two holes, made immediately with- 
out the ring. The utterance of the word claims the right to do thiii ; 

hut should another boy cry Fen sweal before the word is pronounced, 

the intention is thereby defeated. — F. M. 
Bweaty [swct-i], adj. mean, of no value ; 03, 

horse. Used at Bishop's 'W'altham_SchooI.- 
Swig [swig], V. to BUc-k. *Ak. 
Swiminy [awim-i], adj. giddy in the head. — Cooper. 
Swinge [swinj], v. a. to flog,— J, 
Swingeing [swinj '108], adj. violent, Rreat. ' A tidmjpiiig blow;' 

'a «ii'i*H'/«iii3 price." *Ak. [Comp. Goldsmith's Haunch of Vetuton. 

' At the bottom was tripe in a tuiingeing tureen.'] 
Swingel [swing'l], sb. that part of the flail which beats the com out 

of the ear. — Oooper. The twinging part 
Bwittle [awit'l], ti. to cut a stick ; ' to cut and atcltHe,' to cut a stick 

and leave the pieces about the room. *Ak. ClL American whitSt, 

to cut small bite from a stick. 
Swirity [siri vnti], adj. giAIy, diziy. Ex. ' My head's all sunvily.' — J. 
Swizzle [swiz'l], v. to drink much, to swill.— Cooper. 
Sword [flwoard], tb. sward. — Lisle. 
Bworl [swaul], u. to anorl as a dog. — Cooper. 

Tab [tab], eh. a shoe-atriiig. — J. 
.%uk [tak], ah. a shelf, a mantle-piece. Ex. ' Up on th' lack.' *Ak. 



92 HAMPSHIRE QLOSSABT. 



Tackle ftakl], sb. (1) Harness; as plough-tecA:/^, cait-tackle, — N. K 

(2) Implements of agriculture. *Ak. 

(3) Food and drink. Ex. * This be capital tackle.' ♦Ak. 

Tackle, v, a, (1) To attack. 

(2) To be even with, or a match for. Ex. * One of we could tadde 
two or three Eoosiuns.' — A Private's letter from the Crimea, 

(3) Tackle -up ; to mend, to repair, to put in order. Ex. 'We can 
easy tackle-un-up,* — N. H. 

Taffety [taf-uti], adj. dainty in eating. — J. 

Tag [tag], sh. a sheep of a year old. — Cooper. 

Tailings, Tail-ends [tai'linz, tai'lendz], sh. pi. refuse com not sale- 
able at market, but kept by the farmers for their own use. *Ak. 

Tallet, Tallot [tal-ut], sb. (1) A hay-loft over the stable. ♦Ak. 
(2) An attic ; a room under the roof.- 



Tame [taim], adj. cultivated, as opposed to wild. The * tame withy' 
is the Epilohium angusti/olium when cultivated in a garden. — ^W. 



Tan [tan], adv. then.- 

Tang [tang], v. to make a noise with a key and shovel at the time 
of the swarming of a hive of bees ; not, as is supposed, to induce them 
to settle, but to give notice of the rising of the swarm, which could 
not be followed if they went on to a neighbour's premises, unless this 
warning was given. This rude kind of music was called a tariffing, it 
being an imitation of a belL "^Ak. See Tong. 

Tarblish [taablish], adv. tolerably. Ex. ' Tarblish middlin, thankee^' 
i. €. tolerably wolL *Ak. 

Tarrat [tar-ut], sb. a loft ; the same as Tallet, q. v. — ^W. 

Tat [tat],«6. a slight tap or blow. — J. 

Tawer [tauur], sb. a fellmonger, leather-dresser. — Cooper. 

Tawling [tau'ling], sb. the mark from which the marble is shot at 
the beginning of the game. — Cooper. Probably nothing but taw-line. 

Teart [tee'urt], adj. sharp, painfully tender ; said of a wound. A.S. 
teart^ severe. ♦Ak. 

Ted [ted], V. a. to spread and toss hay. Ex. * We've well tedded 
that hay.*— N. H. 

Tee-hole [tee-hoal], sb. the entrance for bees into a hive. — ^Wise, New 
Forest y p. 185. 

Teeing [teeing], adj. buzzing, alluding to the buzzing or teeing noise 
made fey bees. — Wise, ibid. 

Teel [teel], v. to place anything in a leaning position against a wall, 
&c. *Ak. Ex. * Put it a little teeling^ i. e. leaning.* — Wise, New ForevL 
* Teel *un up * = set it on its end against something. — N. H. 

Teft [teft], V. to try the weight of anything with the hand. *Ak 
Corrupted from to heft. See Heft. 



HAMPSmRE GLOSSARY. 
-N. H. 



D3 



Teg [teg], (6. a sheep of tbe first jec 

Tell [tel], 1-. n. to count or reukon. Es. ' I've told they lath ' = I 

have reckonod the numher of lalhi charged by a lath-rendor.— N, H, 
Tempest [tcm'pust], sb. a thuiidcr-storm. Used exclusively to 

denote thunder ki North Hants, without reference to wind. — N. H, 
Tender [tend'ur], adj. trying ; used of a sharp cast wind ; as, ' the 

wind is Tery tmder.'—N. and Q. let Ser, x. 120. 
Terrible [ter-uhl], adj. -very, extremely, Ex. 'He is terrible ill.' 

' He gets terriblt handy.' It may sometimes be meant, in miEpronun- 

eiation, for tolerable, ae, ' I'm terrihU well, thank 'ee.' — N. H, 
Terrify fttr'-Lfeil, v. to tease, worry, irritate, annoy. ^Cooper, To 

fret— H. H. Ex. ' And bo anxious about nothing. The word here 

is the same as in the Sermon on the Mount. It means, do not fret ; 

do cot terT\fy yourselves. '—Kin gsley's Toil-h and Country Scnnunt, 

Ser. xxxi. [Preached to a North Hants congregatton : Eversley.] 
Tew [ti-u], adj. small, tender, sickly. — J. See Tooly. 
Thee [dhcel, prow, very commonly used instead of you in Korth 

Hants ; also for thy, your. Es. ' What's M« name ? ' *Ak. 
Theesnm [dhee'zum], pron. these. Ex. ' Tlieemm here things j ' these 

tilings here. "Ak. 
Them fiilieml, pr. those. Ex. ' Them be'ant the ones wc wanted. 

• Did Ve fetch than tools ? '— N. H. 
Then [dhen], adv. that time. Ex. ' By then it will be gone' — J. 
There-right [dhair-reit], inlerj. adiiressed to horses at plough, when 

roquind to go straightforn-ard. A.S. ^aerrihte, directly. *Ak. 
They [dlmi], those, Ex. ' Drive ihey cows out of that field." — 

N. IT, 
Thic, Thik [dhik], prm. this. "Ak. 'WTiieh seems correct, — 

W. U. C. [Put lor thilk, A.3. J-.V/.V.— W. W. S.] 
Thick [thik], orf/.(l) Stupid. 

[2) Vary intimate.— IPiTwA. Sth. 01. 
Thief [iheef], tb. a young ewe. — Lisle. 
Thik [dhik], pron. that.— Wise, New Fored, p. 190. Never used 

for th;l in North Hants.— W. IL 0. See Thic. 
Thiller horse [thil-ur-haus], »h. the shaft-horso, the last horse in the 
tfom. Shnkespearo has JilUiorK {M. i-f Vtn. II. ii. 100). Wise, Hrw 

Forest, p. 189. 
Tbhssam [dhis-um], pro?*, this. "Ak. 

Thoke [thoak], ab. the act of lying in bed Me.— Winch. Sch. Gl. 
Thoke [thoak], v. n. to bask ; usually applied to lying WBrtn i 



comfortable m bed (Gr. 
icftlly to denote resting plei 



,■ Wyl.;!, 



-place), often need metaphor 
yidea. Fjt. ■ I (Ao*(on tb 



'.. p. -13(1. 



94 HAMPSHIBE QLOSSABT. 

Thoker [thoakur], sb. a thick piece of bread dipped in water, and 
then baked in the ashes. — Winch, Sch, 01. 

Thrashel [thrash-ul], sh. a flaiL — ^W. See Drashel. 

Three-cuiming [three-kuning], adj. intensely knowing, particnlarlj 
acute. — Wise, Xfew Forest, p. 189. 

Thrifty [thrift*i], adj, thriving, flourishing ; occasionally in the sense 
of being in good health. — Wise, New Forest. 

Throat-hapse [throat-haps], sh. a halter. — J. 

Throw [throal (rather, I think, throu)], ih. a thoroughfare. — 
Cooper. 

Throw [throa], v. to produce. The ground is said by woodmen to 
throw good or bad timber. — ^W. 

Thuck, Thnk [dhuk], pron. that. ♦Ak. 

Thumb [thum], sh. the mousehimt, or smallest of the weasel tribe. — 
N. and Q. Ist Ser. x. 120. 

Thumb-bird - fthum-burd], sh. the golden-crested regulus ; Regtdui 
cristatua. — iCoch. ' Known throughout the New F<»*e8t as the thumb- 
bird.' —Wise, New Forest, p. 308. 

Thumb-pot [thum-pot], sh. a particular kind of earthenware Koman 
drinking-Tessel, found in some excavated potteiies in the New Forest. 
It somewhat resembles a tumbler, with perpendicidar depressions 
ranged round it, which were made by the workman's thumb, whence 
the name. One of them is figured in Wise's New Forest, at p. 225 ; 
see also p. 219. 

Thunder-bee [thun-dur-bee], sh. a kind of horse-fly, which only 
appears before a thunder-storm. — N. H. 

Thwartover [thwau'toavur], adj. obstinate. — J. 

Tickler [tik*lur], sh. something to puzzle or perplex. — Cooper. 

Tiddle [tidl], v. (1) To bring up by hand the young of a creature 
which nas died or been removed from it, A.S. tyddrian, to nourish, 
&c. *Ak 

(2) To fondle.— Wise, New Forest. 

Tiddlin [tid'lin], adj. * a tiddlin* lamb,' a lamb brought up by hand. 
*Ak See Mudlamb. 

Tight [toit], adj. formidable in fight. Sometimes used as excess of 
anything. Ex. * a tight rot ; ' * a tight snob ; ' ' an awfully tigTU lick- 
ing.* — Adams' Wykehamica, p. 436. 

Tightiflh [toitish], adj. (1) Well; in good health. Ex. * Pretty 
tightish,* pretty welL — Cooper. 

(2) Considerable, numerous. Ex. * A tightish weight ; ' ' a tightish 
lot.'— J. 

Tillow [tilur], V. n. to spread, to shoot out many spires. — ^Lisle. 

Tilt [tilth], sh. tillage. To be in good tilt is to be in good order or 
in good tillage. — Lisle. 






HAMPBHIRE GLOSSARY. 

Tat or Tilth [tilth], eh. to give loml one, two, or tliree (ilte is the 

same aa to plough to one, two, or throe oartha. See Xactli. — Lkle. 
Timber-bob f tini-bur-boh] , sh. a. pnir of wheels and pole on which a 

foUod tree is slung.— N. H. See Bob. 
TimerBome [tim-uraum], atij. timorous. — Cooper. Timid. 'Ale 
Tine [tein], gh. a tooth or spike [of a fork, rake, &c.]. — I.islc. 
Tine [tein], v. to snuff a candle ; not {ss originally) to light it. — 

Wiae, New Forat. It would mean to miike it bum brightly ; hence, 

to auiiff it for that purpose. 

[tei'ning], eh. to give two ttningt, three lining*, &c., to draw 

t^e harrow over the ground twice or thrice in the same place. — Lisle. 
Tinker [tiak"ur], v. to mend, but not thoroughly. — -Cooper. 
TinUer [tiuk-Iur], gb. a tinker. — N. H. A fiM in Everaley pArish 

named m surveya and terrieta Tinker') Crv/l la called by the people, 

Tinklrr'a Cro/l. 
Tip-up [Hip-up], V. (1) To cause to fall down.— Cooper. 

(2) To set on end. —J. 
Tiuick [tisik], «fi, a tickling, faint cough ; called also a tim'chy 

cough. — Cooper. From I'thiait, 
Tit [tit], »6. a teat "At. 
Tite [teit], V. a. to ascertain the weight of a thing, by lifting or 

otherwise ; to weigh.— N. I£. Jennings' DitiUcU «f the ifeit of Etig- 

land, p. 70. 
Titty [tifi], adj. small. A little lltty cat. 
To [tiKi], prcj]. naed for at. Ex. 'Ho lives over to Goaport.' — 

W. 11. C. 
Toad -in-a- hole [toa-l-in-a-hoal], eft. a baked meat pmlding. — r. M. 
Toad-lodge [toad-IoUj], si. the stone loach. — N. H. 
Toad'i-spawa [toad-spaun], eh. (or rather Twoad-epawn). llie green 

Bcum on a pond : described by Shakeapeara as the 'green mantle of 

the standing pool ; ' Lear, iii. 4. — W. 
To-dee [tu'-dce-], to-day. — Cooper. 

lodged milk [toj-d-milk], «6. milk thickened with flour. "Ak. 
To-do [tu'-doo'], »b. ado, buatle, stir. — Cooper. A fiiag. 'At. 
Tole [toal], II. to entice; primarily, to entice or allure animals. — 

Wise, New Forest, p. 192. 
Toll [tol], gb. a clump of trees. — Cooper. 
Toll [toall. V, to tell, i.e. to count. 'I toll ten cows,' I count ten 

COWB. — Wise, Nno Fortil,v. 192. It is evidently used ae thepreterite 

of tell.- W. H. 0. 
Tong [long], u. to toll a bell. Ex. ' The bella bo tongeil,' i. e. are 

beiuB t^iled.^Wise. *.\k hue limy. Cf. the common I'Ing. liug-lang, 

the bell last tolled bcr...-e Ihu soi^ico. 



HAXFSHIKS GUKBAKT. 97 



Sndl [troal], 9. to bowl a balL— W. Or m fe:^ 
-^faoilmr [troa'lar], sb. a bowler ; oae wh> bjv^ a bokL — ^W. 
TIndlop [trol-np], sb, a low, dinr w^ztls 



certrouns], r. Q) To p^miia hr k-nl pnowt *AV 
(2) lS> beat.--J. 



[tioa], sb. a trough. Ex. * A z^-^^J—S. H, 
"^tnulk [tmk], sb, bosmeflB ; d-salin^ Ex. • Til La" zi:- r -^rc •»! 



[tragi, #6. a troll, low ftraiT* -s-^— T*LLi:!i- • A *XIIiar i t'CvT ' 
ie. tmlL— W. 



kVrall [trul], r. to tmrwre cr b:wl a b>:c-- — C-x^ 

^rlrallibldM [trulibabz^y j^. pi, iZ^f: •- v^ff rTi«^ — F. )£. 

SrVfl^eiy [tram-p-iirf], air. \^f=Ly:rtrr, * H* wii* *»iJt iviic »a 
trmmpent ' = he luil ocIt a Vfs^^xarr •£el21.«ui»*ill — ^3CL H. 

[trunk], sb. an ar^L=>i irkii xji^iir t. r.'ki : 1. !?u 5 tr;. — 25" H. 
[tnmk]r r. to ^z^Jsr-frtr- — Co'^je:. 

Tab [tub], #6. a k«c cr.^iir-'.Tru f :r:r nZi-.tw :' irpLiTA 't vrm.^ airi«*-i 
used by smugglers — WLst. AVir Fi^vtC. x ITL 

[tukjy #6. aa ^ppsr zir=:^?=^i w:c:l 17 •ilLL-o^ — -"^xyx^ 

finger). '' He do f *ii »j.' 'Of ik a>r, " Hj» irisiir; « t^'j«.i«f. — ^JT, HL 

lack, r. a. * To f'*'lr & T^tc.':-:- f^txd lii* eji»» «uL «niit«^ \j yiLLM^ 
out the pp>trad:r,g y^vA ^A zaj 'x acnrr. — X. H- 

Taffdtj Ttif a-.r. <yi/. f^ ^f IZlxki- i2*»rT*a ; laj;. ..^ jrvubL— - 
Wise, iVic F^/r^. 

wain, in HamyAfre eiZl-*>l a V-y, -w^ livw-j 4flur^zu^ — sivin** 
Smith's Stvs FifrfjA. a ii'/r^ 1*JS>. L j- *, 

Th|^, adj. ctl, «:*le ; b*srt«: f*7r, *5. j>C «*-!: ait^rt — ST-uo*. -^^ V . 

Tllj [tfeuli], ofij. St* Tmkj. 

Twm #^. a chiniaej. Ex. ' Vy ihib ft*/ t> 'i* vxLnru^. •Ar. * v 
the New Forest,' the top <^ tise fiv -^"itj ; m, 'r^^ u^ vk I4i^ Imi.' 
— Wi»eu 

Tondiiig [ton^i-inz]. A a th»^--;=a wlii* a * zr/Tt-ji^wf,,' it£i!?^ ^y 

Tamel [ion'I], «6. a fdaxKL — J. 
Tqp [tnp^ sb. a 



96 HAMPSHIBE GLOSSART. 



Tongue-bang [tung-bang], v, to scold.- 

Tooly [too'li], adj, tender, sickly ; as, * a tooJy man or woman.' — 
Grose ; Warner ; F. M. 

Top-np [top-up], V. to finish ; to put the finishing stroke to. £x. 
* We'll Uyp-up the rick afore night.'---N. H. 

Torret [tor*ut], sh, a tuft of a kind of sedge, the Carex eefpitoea. ' I 
mean that sort which, rising into tall hassocks, is called by the 
foresters torreU ; a corruption, I suppose, of tuireta.' — ^White's NaL 
Hist of SelbomCf Letter VIIL 

Tot [tot], sb, a bush ; a tuft of grass. — Cooper. 

T'other-day [tudhur-dai], sb, (not indefinite, but) the day before 
yesterday. — Cooper. In old English the other means the second. 

Totty-land [tot*i-land], sb, marsh land where hassocks or tufts of 
grass grow. — ^Wise (note on Cooper). See Tot. 

Tonchen-leaves [tuch-n-leevz], sb, pi. Hypericum Androsmmum, 
' It be's as sweet as the touchen-Uaves in the forest.* — The Coueine, J. 
Wise. See also New Forest^ pp. 254, 255. Evidently a corruption of 
tutsan {toute eaine). — J. B. 

To-year [tu-yur], adv. this year ; as in Chaucer. — ^W. See Tyear. 

Toys [toiz], sb. pi. properly a boy's books, paper, pens, &c., together 
with the cupboard which held them. In process of time the word 
came to mean the latter only. But the phikse ' toy-time ' shows the 
original meaning, yiz. \7hen,the toys were in use. — ^Adams' Wykt- 
hamica, p. 437. 

Trade [traid], sb. household goods, lumber ; also work, instruments 
of work. — Cooper. 

Tradesman [trai'dzmun], sb. an artificer ; a mechanic. Used to dis- 
tinguish the carpenters, smiths, &c., in an establishment or parish from 
the agricultural labourera Ex. 'Of course tradesmen gets higher 
wages than we.' — N. H. 

Trail, the [trail], the flowers of Quereus Bobur. — J. B. 

Trammel [tram*l], sb. a hook to hang a boiler on. — J. 

Transmogrify [transmog'rifei], v. to transform, to metamorphose. — 
Cooper. Com. 

Trapesing-abont [trap-uzing-ubont], 2>art. walking a great distance 
for little profit or purpose. — N. H. 

Trick-and-tie [trik-und-tei], p?ir. equal to each other. — N. H. 

Trig [trig], adj. firm, even. — ^Lislo. 

Trig [trig], v. (1) To place a stone behind a wheel, to prevent a 
carnage Irom slipping. — Cooper. 

(2) To prop up. — J, Evidently from the preceding aG^ective, i. e. 
to make firm. 

Trip [trip], sb. (!) A litter of pigs ; when a sow farrows or has a 
litter, she is saia to have a trip. — F. M. 

(2) A brood, aa * a trip of chicken, geese,' &c. — ^W. 



97 

Troll [teoalj r. to !»▼! a InlL— W. Or a hojj*. See TnilL 

Troller [tioa*iar^ <*. a b^irier ; oae who bowls a ball — W. 

Trollop [troliip], idu a k^, dirtr voman. — J. 

Tronnse [trooasl r. / 1) T-> poniih bj leg^il proccsL •Ak. 
(2) To beaL-^. 

Trow [tPoa], #6. a tzoo^ Ex. * A pig-/n>ir/— X. IL 

Tniek [truk], #6. baainsB ; dealing Er. • Fll hi no truck wi 'an.' — J. 

Truffle-eheese [tnif -l-cheez], #A. the H?st cheese ; also called rammel ; 
distinct £roni onotiry, q. r. — Wise, AV«r Forf^ft^ p. ITS. 

Ting [tro:;], #^. a tniU, low femile companion. ' A soliier^a truj,' 
i. e, tmlL — W. 

Troll [tnil], r. to trantUe or bowl a hoop. — Cooper. 

Tmllibnbs [tnil-ibabz], ib.pi, the intestines — F. M. 

Tmmperj [tram-pori], adc. temporarr. * He was only took on 
trumpery * = he had oalr a temporary engagement. — X. II. 

Tmnk [tmnk], «&. an arche^i drain nn«ier a roa^l ; a culvert. — X. II. 
Tnmk [tmnk], r. to nnder-drain. — Cooper. 

Tub [tab], $h, a keg containing foar gallons of spirits, [a term] much 
naed by smngglersw — ^WLse, New Fortsi, p. 170, 

Tnek [tuk], «6. an upper ^rment worn by children. — Cooper. 

Tuck [tuk], r. n. to throb, to palpitate. Ex. (of a gathering on the 
finger). * Ho do tuck so.' (Of a dog) * His heart's a-tucking.* — ^N. H. 

Tack, V. a. * To turk a rick,' to smooth the sides and ends, by pulling 
out the protruding pieces of hay or straw. — N. H. 

Tuck-shell [tuk-shel], sb. a tusk of a hog. — Cooper ; Wise. 

Tnffet [tuf*ut], sb. a hillock, tuft of earth. — ^Wise, New Forest. 

Tuffdty [tufuti], aJj\ full of hillocks, uneven; said of ground.— 
Wise, New Forest. 

Tag [tug], sb. a timber-carriage. — Cooper. * From which a timl>cr- 
wain, in Hampshire called a tag, was slowly emerging.' — Horace 
Smith's New Forest, a novel, 1829, i p. 3. 

Tug, adj. old, stale ; hence tugs, sb. pi. stale news. — Windi, Sch. Gl. 

Taly [tculi], odj. See Tooly. 

Tun, sb. a chimney. Ex. * Up the tnn,^ up the chimney. *Ak. In 
the New Forest, the top of the chimney ; a& * right up on the tun* 
—Wise. 

Tunding [tund-ing], sb. a thrashing with a ' ground-ash,' iuflictod by 
a Prefect. — Winck. Sch. 01. [From Lat tundere.^ 

Tunnel [tun-1], sb. a funnel. — J. 
Tupp [tup], sb. a ram,^— Lisle. 

H 



96 HAMPSHIBE QLOSSABT. 

Tormit [tur*mut], eh, a turnip. — N. H. 

Tnm-ont [turn-out], ' the mast and acorns of the oak are collectively 
known as the turn-out or ovost* — Wise, New Forest, 

Twick-baiid [twik<band], «th, the mountain-ash. Quccre, a mis-pro- 
uunciation of duick-beam, q, v. 

Twiddle [twid-1], v. (1) To whistle. Esc 'The robins are twiddling; 
which is said to be a sign of rain. — Wise, New Forest. 
(2) To bo busy about trifles.— F. M. See auiddle. 

Twig, V, to observe a person who is doing something on the sly. — 
Cooper. 

Twist-wood [twist-wuod], sh, Vibernum Lantana. — J. B. 

Twit [twit], V. to reproach. ♦Ak, Com. 

Twitter [twit'ur], sb, agitation, tremor. Ex. Tm all of a twitter.^ 
— J. Com. 

Twoad [twoad], sh. a toad. *Ak. 

Twoster [twost'ur ?], sh, a stick spirally indented by a stem of ivy 
having grown round it. — Winch, Sch, 01, 

T'year [tyur], adv, for to-year, this year ; like to-day for this day. *Ak. 

IJn [un], pron. him. .Ex. * I told «w.' — "Warner. Also for it (which 
is not used in Hants). Ex. * I put un in ray pocket' *Ak. AS. 
?iine, ace. case of he; cf. *eni, them, from A.S. hem, them. 

Unbeknown [unbinoan], pp, unknown. — J. Ex. * If he did, 'twas 
unbeknown to mo.* 

Unked [nnk-id], aJj\ lonely. *Ak. Ex. * It's an unl'cd road to 
travel by night' 

Up-along [up-ulonj::], adj, * Up-cdoiig volk ' are tho people of 
Surrey and Sussex, in ^opposition to the * down-along volk ' of Dor- 
se tsh. and Somersets. — W 

Upping-stock [up*ing-stok], sh, a horseblock (to mount or get up 
by). *Ak. 

Upsides [uivsciclz], adv. a match for, equal to. Ex. * I can't bo 
ups'dca wi' un.' — J. 

Up-tip [up-tip], V, to overset — J. 

Vallee [vali], sh. value, worth. — N. II. 

Vallee, v, a, to value, to estiiuate. Ex. * I don't vcdlcc 'un a pin.' — 
N. IL 

Valler [val-ur], sh. fallow ; a barren field. — N. II. 

Vamplets [vam-plets], sft. j^/. gaiters. — Wise, New Forest, p. 1G2, 
Also •Ak. 

Van [van], sh. a winnowing machine. — J. For fan. Cf. S. Luke 
iii. 17, authorized version. — W. II. C. 



HAMFSHIBE QLOSSABT. M 

Tan-winged hawk [Tan-wiog'd hank], sh. the hobby (Faleo mlfniiM), 
Wise, New Forest, p. 261. 

Tardy [vaadil adj, speaking so as to intcrrapt eonrcrntiium, -^ 
N.H. 

Tann [vaam], v. to clear out Ex. ' Varm oat the pigHtye/ 

Taught [vaut],|}/. /. fetched ; pL t, of to fetch. ♦Ak. 8<je 7otch 
and Fotched. 

Tay [vai], v, to succeed ; to do. Ex. * It won't vay,^ — J. 

Team [veeum], sh. fern. — N. H. 

Terderer [vur'dnir], $b. — An officer whf)«e huniiif^M it \n Ut htftk 
after the vert (i. e. coTer) in the Forcfit. The pT*;W!tit rtrflfrtra trf ih#» 
New Forest are Magistrates and landholders who try all iititimm 
punishable by the Forest laws. — N. F. 



Teasel [vesnil], sh. a vessel of paper, strictly a strip r/f tiawrr tis/r^l a« 
a wrapper to a roll of paper, &c. ; by modarn umuko a htiiUftunriftr t4 
a sheet of foolscap. (Lai FaiciculuM^ a wrapM.f : Ital, Va$$ihla, 



F. M. This appears to be wrong. The Itahan wr^d \n futria trr 
fcucetta. — W. VY. 8. Lemon's Arcfuxol, Did, aj^/rt/ved Ly Johns^m, 
Todd's edit) — Adams* WykeJiamicaf p. 43H. 

Tet [vefc], sb, pi feet *Ak. 

Tetches-goar [vechmz gear], $b, pi, early-riiio or snmmer ^hUAm'M, • 

Lisle. 
Tinney Pvin-i], adj. (1) MouWy ; an, *a rinmy chcMie/ 

(2) Hoan-coloured ; as, * a vinnfy heifer/ — Wjikj, New Fifrtsi^ p. 

190. A.S.>ime. *Ak 

Tinney, sb. (from the adj.)^ a particnLir kind of f\\t'^*M% ; al*j/i mWA 
Uue vinney ; distinguished from cmmnry ami ramnuil, '^i$nt, ihid, 

Tinnow [vin'oa], sK mouldiness. — Lisle. 

Tirgin Hary*8 Thistle [vurjin mai riz thisll $b. Carduus MurlanuB. 
T. B. 



Tlick [vlik], v, to comb out the hair. — J. 

Tore [voar], sb. a furrow ; as ' a water-r^rrc/— J. 

Triz [vriz], pp. frozen. ♦Ak. Bee Froar. 

Trore [vroar], pp. frozen. See Froar. 

Tuddle [vud'l], v. to spoil a child. — Wise. 

Tuddled [vudl'd], pp. fuddled, drunk. ♦Ak. 

Vnddles [vndl-z], sb. a spoUt chikl. ♦Ak. Bee Tnddla. 

Wabble [wob-ll, v. to shake from side to nido, to vibrate, i^ niovo 
awkwardly and weakly. Common in var. (/ia/.-C(>j>por. A botlor 
definition would perhaps be * to turn about unevenly. 

Wag [wag], sh. a breath, a slight wind. * A u:ag of air/ a gentle 
draught of air.— Wise, New Forest. 

US 



100 HAMPSHIRE GLOSSART. 

Wag, V, (1) To move. — N. and Q. Ist Ser. x. 401. 

(2) To shoot, a8 grass or herb. Ex. • Those showers 'ull set every- 
thing a-waggingj — N. H. 

Wag-wants [wag- wonts], eh. quaking-grass. — J. {Briza Media.) 

Wainy [wai*ni], adj. not straight ; the edge not straight, bat partly 
deflected. Ex. * He fits well enough except where the post's ttxiiity,* 
said of the side of a post which was not quite straight in its whole 
lengtL— N. II. 

Wampy [womp-i], adj, faulty, shaky. Used of timber. — N. 11. 

Wanty [wont-il, sh, the leather band which passes from the shaft of 
a cart under the horse's belly.— N. H. 

Waps [wops], sb, a wasp. The plural is wapses [wopsez] ; so also 
in the gen. sing, as, * a wapses nest.* A.S. wcepa, yespa. — ^F. M. Also 
*Ak. 

Wapsy [wopzi], adj. spiteful, waspish. — J. 

War [wor], pt. f. L e. was. Declined thus, / war, he war, we war, 
&c. •Ak. 

War, for beware, take care. A.S. tccer, aware. *Ak. Com. in 
hunting language. 

Warf [wauf], V. n, to warp. Ex. * We can't use un, he's war/ed 
so.'— N. H, 

Wamd [wau*md], v. to warrant. Ex. * You'll got un, I xoanuV *Ak. 

Wase [waiz], sh. a wisp of straw, for cleaning a horse. — Wise, New 
Forest, Anj small bundle of straw. 

Wasset-man [wos'ut-man], ah. a scarecrow. ♦Ak. Wise, New 
Forest. 

Watcherd [wot-shud], adj. wet-footeJ.— :Nr. II. 

Water-tables [wau'tur-tai-blz], sh. pi the side-dikes along the road 
which carry off the water ; channels. — Wise, New Forest. 

Wathe [waidh], adj. exhausted, tired. Ex. * I bo so wathe* — J, 

Wattle [wot'l], sh, a hurdle. — Cooper. 

Waze-goose [waiz-goos], ah. a stubble-goose. — J. See Wase. 

Weald [weeld] , v. to bring com or hay into swathe, before putting 
it into puck. — Wise, New Forest. See Puck. 

Wean-honse [wen'us], sh. a wain-house or waggon-house. — Cooper 
(who notes that it is pronounced wenhus). 

Wean-gate [ween-gait], sh, lit. wain-gait, the tail-board of a waggon. 

Weet-bird [wect-burd], sh. the wryneck ; so named from its cry of 
weet [weotj. — Wise, New Forest, p. 186. Soe Barley-bird, Felling* 
bird, Spring-bird. 

Weeth [wecth], adj, tough and pliable, (like) a wHIl ♦Ak. Wise, 
New Forest. 

Weeze [weez], v, to ooze. — Cooper. 



HAMPSniRE GLOSSARY. 



101 



righ-jolt [wai-joalt], «J, a sco-saw. 
Well-apple [wel-ap'l], «6. a light yellow apple, — W. 
Well-crook [wcl-krnok], «fi. a stick for laillina the water out of the 

sliallow Foreat poola and wells. — Wiae, Neio Furetl, 
Welt [welt], t'. to beat poverdy. — Cuoper. Es. ' I'll teelt un like an 

'anl shoe ' You should latlt they cabbages before giving "em to tame 

rabbits. '—N. H. 
Wetched, lu/j. weUhod. 'Ak. See Watoherd. 
Whacking [waking], my. faf, lusty, hearty; huRe and large; as, 

■ a wh'ichiiig woman," ' a whacking leg.'— Oooper. Com. 
Whaffling-np [wof'lin up], paH. eating gfeociily. — H", H. 

Wheel [iveel], »b. a halo ; tlio ' wAeci round the moon ' le the halo 
seen round the moon beforo wet weather. There is a Hants saying : 

■ The biyger the whctl, the nearer the wet'^W. 
Wheeler [wee-lur], sb. a wheelwright.— W. 
Whiddle [widl]. See Whittle. 

Whilk [wilk], t. to howl like a dog; to mutter to oneaelf, as a, 

porsou Joea when offended. — Cooper, 
Whip hance [wip'uns], eb, the bar of a plough to which the traces 

are fix«d.— N. U. 
Whistersniff [wis'taranif], »b. (\) An urchin. 

(2) A hoavy blow.— N. H. 
White-rice [weitreis], sb. Pyrui Aria. — J. B. 
Whitewood [weit-wuod], eh. Vibenium Luiitana.— 3. B. 
Whitewort [weit'wurtl, eh. a, species of chamomile cultivated in the 

cottugura' goi'dons. — W. \_Anthemi» arvaah,'] 

Dr. 



Whitter [wifur], r, to whinny, aa a horse. — "W. See Wicker. 

Whittering, Wickering [wituring, wik-uring], th. the neighing of 
a, young coU.— Wise, Ntw Forett, p. 186. See Wicker, 

Whittle [witl], eh. (I) A three-comer&l shawl with fringes along 
the bonier, worn by women of the lower claBsoa, and gonwrally red or 

I white, chiefly made of worsted. Portsmouth, in 1820. — F. M. 

(2) A ahawl of any kind.— N. U. 

(3) Used especially of a child's shawl. — Wise, 
fiop, Wop [wop], 0. to heat soundly. Com. 

Whopper [wop'ur], «fi, anything uncommonly large. Et, 'She's a 
vhfj'ptT.' spokoa of a fat woman, ' That's a tuhopper,' i, e, a great 
lie.— P.M. Com. From the verb to wop or whop ; • that's a uiAo/>pcr' 

^= that beats alt 

iker [wik'ur], v, to neigh or whinny. — Grose ; F. 11. See Colt- 



102 HAMPSHIRE QLOSSART. 

Wigg [wigli '^» a small oval cake, with honey in the middle.^- 
T. W. R, in N. and Q. 5th Ser. il 138, 

Wik [wik], sb, a week. *Ak. 

Wild Spinage [weild-spin'ij], ab. Chenopodium Bonus-Henrieus, — 
Dr. Bromfiold m Fhytologiat, O. S. ill 753.— J. B. 

Wild Vine [weild-vein], sb, Bryonia dhiccu Dr. Bromfield's MSS. 
T. B. 



Willy-basket rwil-i-baask'at], ib, a Imsket made of willow, used for 
carrying chan. — N. H. 

Wim [wiin], v, to winnow, to clean com. — Cooper. 

Wimble [wimb-1], sb. (1) An auger. 

(2) An instrument with which to take up faggots or trusses of hay. 
— Wise, New Forest, 

Windle [windl], v. to dwindle ; to waste or pine away. — N. and Q. 
,x. 401. 

Wind-row fwin-roaj, sb. a row of mown grass, raked together after 
being tedded, i. e. m order to expose it to fiie wind, Ex. * We've got 
the main o' un into windrows,* — N. H. 

Winnick [win*ik], v, to fret ; to cry peevishly, as an infant. — N. H. 

Wint, Went [wint, went], sb, two furrows ploughed by the horses 
going to one end of the nold and back again. — Cooper. 

Wint, Went [wint, went], v. to go to and from. (See above.) Cf. 
*Tho cursea land, where many wend amiss;* Spenser^s Faerie 
Queene. • Wend you with this letter ; ' Meaa. /or Mea$, iv. 3. — 
Cooper. 

With [widh], sK a twisted willow- wand, with which faggots are 
bouna. A.S. wi^iSe, *Ak. Generally used in the j9/. in N. H. 

Withs [widhz], sb, pi, the flexible boughs of the willow with which 
bavins are tied. See Bavin. Ex. ' We*d better fetch some witlu and 
tie they bavins.* — N. H. 

Withwind [widh-wqind], sb, wild convolvulus, bindweed. — ^Wise, 
New Forest, p. 166. A.S. wi^'Winde^ bindweed. Also called bithwind 
in New Forest. See Bithwind. 

Withy [widh'i], sb, (1) Various species of SalLc, — Holloway's 
Dictionary. — J. B. 

(2) The common willow. SaJix Alba. — ^N. H. 

Withy-Wind [widh-i-wcind], sb. Myrica gale. — Pratt's Flowering 
Plants of Great Britain. — J, B. 

Wiwer [wivur], v, to move, to veer round. — N. H. 

Wiwery [wivuri], adj. giddy, dizzy. ' Weavery^ from the clack 
and thrum of the loom ; or, more probably, a softer form of quiveryJ 
— Blackmore*8 Cradock NowelLL p. 211 note. l?hese derivations seem 
far-fetched. It is manifestly derived from the verb, to wivsr, which 
seems to have some relation to waver. — ^W. H. C. 

Wobble. See Wabble. 



HAMPSHIRE CLOSSART. 

Wok [wok], pt. t. awoke. 'Ak. 

Woke [wonkj, «'». ftn oak. Tliis prommclation, though not general 

in Niirth UampBhire now, iised to be so. Thns, Wokingham was 

vitliinmvreciillection spelt Ookinghaiai and Woking woa origiiutlly 

Oakiug.— W. H. C. 
Wont [wont], »h. a mole. Common in Old Eng. — W. 
Wood Lftnrel [wiioj lau'rnl], »h. Daphne Zanreo/o.— Dr, Bromfield 

in I'hjt-loyiat. 0. S. iii. 798.— J. B. 
Woodnacker [wnod-nalc-ur], ih. a wood-pecker. — 'Wise, Neic Foresl, 

].. 272. 



Wood-quest [imod-kwest], sh. a wood-pigeon. — J. 

Wood-roughed [wnoil-mft], adj. ' cnttlo [nml pigs], which ore entered 

in tiio luiirkaman'a hooka, nre said to So tuooJ-roiijf/ieii.' — Wise, Neio 

Fureat, p. 18G. 
Woodaeer-gronnd [ivuodaeer-ground], fh. loose, spongy ground, — ' 

Workings [wurk'ingi], ab, pi. honeycombs. — Wise, Neu Forcat, 
p. 185, 

Worrit [wiifut], v. n. to fret ; u. o. to give trouhle. Evidently a 
corniptmnof iwrry. — N, II. Ex, (1) ' Ho do worriihiBsell so about it.' 
(2) ' Thoy children do wom'l tlilit poor dog.' 

Woriteders [wur-stid-urz], »h. pi. thick worsted stockings, worn 
outside the trowsers at football, to protoot the shiua. — Adams' 
Wi/hJiiimica, p. 4311. 

Wosbird [woz"hurd], sb. a term of reproach ; the meaning of which 
appears to bo unknown to those who use it. It is evidently a cor~ 
ruptiou of whorc'a-bird, *Ak, To which it must ho added that ii'rd 
in O.R and A.S, moans hirth, and hence offspring, progeny; or, 
the O.K. Ijir J =i bride, young woman, in which casa tho tvrm means 
a bastiird daughter. Either way, it comes to much the same ; and 
the term was easily generalized, being often applied oven to auimals. 

Woaset [wos'et], ab. a *mall, ill-favoured j>ig. The ein.illcst pig in a 
litter is known as the dnll [in N, IL the tlurliiig'] ; a pig brought up 
by hand is called a graff or gramyher. — Wise, New Foreat. 

Wotfl [wots], ab. pi. oala.— N, II. 

Wynd [weind], ah. 'on the lajit'l' ^ warped or twisted. Applied to 
hoards or planka. — N. H, 

Yacker [yakur], ab. an acre. "Ak, 
Yaffel [yaf'ul], ab. the green woodpecker. — N. H. 
Tafflngale [yaf'ingail], ab. Piena viriilii ; tho common green wood- 
pecker, so called from its loud shrill laugh,— Wise, Nrio Forttt, p. 
■"" " eTuckeL This bird is rery beautifully called the '( 
roJiiuiiiU ' by Tennyson in Oartlh and I.t/nelte. See 
IL Jan. lava, pp, 327, 328, and Science (Joiiip, 1870, p. 236. 



101 HAMPSHIRE GLOSSART. 

Yaffle [yafi], v. to eat greedily. — J. See Whafflmg-up. 
Yanger [yang*ur], prep, yonder (from which it is corrupted). — 
Cooper. 

Yap [yap], v. to cry like a dog. — J. 

Yape [yaip], v, (1) To gossip.— Cooper. 

(2) To loiter. Ex. * To yape about.*— Wise. 

Yat [yat], sh, a gate. ♦Ak. 

Yaw [yau], V, to chop, to reap ; used of cutting corn, pe:is, or l);3iins, 
though nocking is generally used of the last.— Wise, New Forest. »Soo 
Hack. lYaw for Aeu;, like yeldera for hildiny.^ — W. W. S. 

Yead [yed], sb, the head. — J. 

Yeaker [yai-kur], sb. an acorn. — J. B. 

Yelden [yel'dun], sb, a hilding ; a mean coward. *Ak. 

Yellow-cnp [yel*u-kup], sb. Ranuncidm arocims. Sec Dill-cup. 

Yeppnm [yep'um], sb. an apron, 

Yigh [yei], adv. aye ; yes. — J. 

Yirth [yurth], sb. earth, ♦Ak. 

Yokel [yoa'kul], sb. the yellow-hammer. — J. ■ 

Yokes [yoaks], sb. pi. hiccoughs. — J, [Sec Ycx in IlalliwcU.] 

Yonm [your*n], jyr. yours. Ex. * If bo be*ant yourn, ho must be 
oum.' — N. IL 

Yew [yoa], sb. a ewe. — J. 

Yuckel [yuk'ul], sb. a woodpecker. ♦Ak. See Yaffel. 

Zaat [zaat], adj. soft. ♦Ak. 

Zarl [zaal], sb. a plough. — J. A.S. sulhy a plough. 

Zart [zaart], sb. sort ; kind. Ex. * That's your zart ' = that's your 
sort, »'. e. the right kind of thing. 

Zartin [zaar*tun], adj. certain. ♦Ak. 

Zedding [zed'ing], jjres. part, in the phrase * to go zedding,* i. c. zig- 
zagging. From the letter Z, — Wise, New Forest* 

Zooap [zoo 'up], sb. soap. ♦Ak. 

Zooner [zoo*nur], adv. sooner. ♦Ak. 

Zoand [zoundl, v. n. to swoon. Sound for swoon is common in old 
Enghsh to the eighteenth century. 

Omitted in Us proper place. 

Ferrol [fer-ul], sb. an indurated lump of gravel, sjiud, and iron. — 
N. n. Those ferroh frequently occur in the heath-lands of North 
Hampshire.