Skip to main content

Full text of "A Glossary of Words Pertaining to the Dialect of Mid-Yorshire: With Others Peculiar to Lower ..."

See other formats


This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 

to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 

to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 

are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other maiginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 

publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing tliis resource, we liave taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 
We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain fivm automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attributionTht GoogXt "watermark" you see on each file is essential for in forming people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liabili^ can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at |http: //books .google .com/I 


VOL. V. 





^ <d ■^ 


9itliU<teli for tte IFiigltot Sialect Jboculs iff 




VOL. V. 





9tt!ilt<teli for tte iEBngltst ^ialttt SbotUtjn tjn 


• • • 


••■•• •••• 

" • " • • •• 


. • • • ■ • , 

t.... •••" 

• • * 


• » » fc 

« % » « I 

to • 

» • - 



MID- YORKSHIRE. By C. Clough Robinson. Paok 

Preface v 

Outline Grammar of the Mid- Yorkshire Dialect ... xii 

Glossary 1 

Addenda and Errata 163 

HOLDERNESS. By F. Ross, R. Stbad, and T. Holdbrness. 

Preface i 

Introduction 1 

Glossary 21 


vmvtkunwQ TO rai 


WITH orana rmorLiAB to 
















BT TEtJBNEB & CO., 57 & 59, LUDGATB WiliTs. 






In the piepaiation of this Glossary, there were originally ex- 
cluded all words which, though forming part of the writer's collection, 
were also to be found in the Whitby Glossary ^ published in 1855. 
As, however, neither Mr EUis, nor Mr Skeat, were favourable to this 
plan of omission, it was abandoned, and the very considerable 
number of words common alike to the Whitby Strand and, inland, 
to Mid-Torkahire, were rendered in glossic, and incorporated. In 
the process of accomplishing this much, more became necessary. 
Where, for example, in the Mid-Yorkshire area, a verb was in com- 
mon use, in the Glossary referred to there was a restriction (clearly 
unintentional in many cases) to a mere participle; or, to a verb, 
where, in the first-named locality, a substantive form had a joint 
cunency. In the Whitby Glossary , an exclusive prominence was 
also given to various fractures which, in the Mid-Yorkshire dialect, 
existed only as interchangeable features. Lastly, there were many 
words which varied in meaning in the respective localities. It was 
necessary to indicate these instances of the different treatment of 
words, and hence the additional notes comprised in the present 

The variety of dialect in which the words and illustrations 
throughout have their glossic rendering is, unless specific reference is 

1 Since the abore was written, for the completed Glouary, the English Dialect 
Society has iaroed the first part of the second edition of the Whitby Gloasary, bnt 
as, on a general examination, the additional matter is not found to interfere ma- 
terially with the notes suggested by the first edition, these have not been re- 
modelled, nor, with their direct bearing on the phase of dialect now represented, 
has it seemed necessary to revise thum. 


made to another locality, that of Mid'Torkshiie. Where a word has 
seyeral of these hracketed renderings, their order of precedence cor- 
responds, as a role, with their degree of use ; and such forms as are 
heard only in the refined phase of dialect speech are distinguished. 

The contractions immediately following the glossic rendering of 
each dialect word will be understood as indicating the several parts 
of speech. Where there is no contraction of this nature, the word 
exampled is a singular substantive. 

The words contained in the first edition of the Whitby Glossary 
are unclassified in their uses. In the following pages, where their 
classification was necessaiy, it wHl not, in many cases, be found in 
correspondence with the usage noted in the Whitby Glossary. 
Where, in this Glossary , the exampled use of a word is restricted 
to one part of speech, say, a neuter verb, and its local use as an 
active verb ought to have been also noted, it seemed the simplest 
and most convenient plan to indicate this complete usage merely bj 
adding ' v. a.' after the ' v. n/ 

In the illustrative phrases furnished throughout the Grammar 
and the Glossary, the single words with a short vowel-sound have 
their quantity marked, whether accompanied by stress or not. Thus, 
the dialect phrases, ' One and the other,' ' Well, mind him of it, if 
you go, if you please,' * I loves, we love, they love,' are respectively 
rendered [Yaan* un* tid'-u], [Wee-1, maa'nd im* out*, gin* yi gaan*, 
un* yu pli-h'f], [Aa* luovr, wey luov, dhe"h' luov], and the reader 
is left to distinguish the stress and the stressless words among the 
short-vowelled ones by the ordinary rules of speech. This plan has 
been adopted so that no doubt may rest with the reader as to the 
quantity of the vowel in any monosyllabic word. But when words 
are uttered emphatically, as in the sentence, ' I tell you he did say so, 
tsotffthen,' the emphasis is denoted in the usual way, by placing a 
dot before the emphatic words [Aa tilz* yu e'y* 'did* seh'* si'h', *noo" 

The rendering of the local pronunciation is in accordance with 
Mr A. J. Ellis's system of glossic, which has, in practice, been found 
of the most perfect convenience ; enabling the writer to transfer to 
paper peculiar sounds according to his own exact appreciation of 


them, and (while thus satisfying the ear) to obtain those having a 
theoretical value. 

The bracketed notes throughout, to which the initials * W. W. S.' 
are appended, do not indicate the extent of Mr Skeat's services, in 
connection with this volume. In general, he has corrected and 
revised in duplicate each sheet as it has come from the press ; and 
has bestowed on the details of each portion of the work an unwearied 
attention which the writer must be permitted gratefully to ackncw* 

The area for which ' Mid- Yorkshire ' has been found a commodi- 
ous term may be shortly described as being a rural district extending 
widely about the city of York, running parallel with the Ouse, but 
chiefly west of this river. On the map, its approximate limits may 
be indicated by a line drawn to include JSasingwold (13 mil^ north- 
north-west of York); Ripon (21 miles north-west); Ripley (20 
miles west-north-west); and Wetherhy (20 miles west-south-west). 
Having been led, by a course of investigation conducted during pre- 
vious years, thus to circumscribe the area over which a familiar phase 
of dialect extended, the writer devoted an exclusive attention to this 
phase. The villages and market-towns within the area which, as 
centres of observation, mainly contributed to his resources are, Kibk- 
Daiohton, Num-Monkton, Mabton-cum-Grafton (with Bobouoh- 
bridok), EInabbsbobough, and Eifon in the West-riding ; and Tol- 
LBBTON (withEASiKOWOLD), ui the North-riding. Casual experiences 
were obtained from many intermediate places, of which there are few 
within the area specified which have not, in some manner, directly 
or indirectly, furnished their quota. 

The dialect of this district entire is popularly accredited with 
being more ' Scotch ' in character, than that of the outlying north. 
This notion connects itself with the cliaracteristic use, in the respec- 
tive localities, of the open vowels represented by [e'h'] and [i*h'] ; 
the former of these, which, in the northern part of the county, exists 
as an interchangeable refined form, being the most general one in 
Mid-Yorkshire. The nearness of this locality to the southern manu- 
facturing districts, with their varied and distinct modes of speech, 
has not been productive of any immediately recognisable result in 


correspondence. The influence which might be expected irom this 
direction is, however, sufficiently discernible in the existence of more 
active mental habits, in the shrewder instinct in affairs of business, 
and in a more actual disposition to enterprise than is usually observed 
amongst rural dwellers collectively. The two minster, and the several 
old market-towns of Mid-Yorkshire, with their local reputation for 
feast and fair, and other traditionary days of €tir, have been an 
attraction for ' north-country ' people, within and beyond the county, 
for successive generations. From this circumstance may, perhaps, 
be evolved the best kind of argument in estimating the influences 
which have combined to render compact those elements of character 
which the Mid-Yorkshire variety of dialect is found to possess. 

By 'Lower Kidderdale' is indicated the lead-mining district 
immediately about Patdey-Bridge, The characteristics of this phase 
of dialect are chiefly observable in a direction from the village of 
Greenhow Hill to that of Dacre, At the former place, especially, 
there is a slight but continuing influx^ from adjoining localities, of 
rural settlers, whose peculiarities may not be readily distinguishable 
to the casual observer ; but a familiarity of acquaintance will often, 
in such a case, reveal distinctive and noteworthy habits of speech. 

Under the head of ' Bynames^* in the Glossary, reference is made 
to a list of such names preserved in old local muster-roUs. A little 
publication printed at Richmond, in the North-riding, ten or twelve 
years ago, fomiahed a list of the Swaledale and Arkendale names of 
thiis character, belonging to men sent to do permanent duty at 
Bichmond ; and are taken from the muster-rolls of Captains Metcalf 
and Stewart's companies of the 'Loyal Dales' Volunteers.' They 
are these : Qrain Tom^ OUmremour Tom, Screamer Tom, PoddUh 
Tam^ Tarry Tom^ TUh Tofn, Tripy Tom, Trooper Tom (all Thomas 
Aldermm by name). Assy WtU BUI, Ayny Jack, AygUl Tom BUI, 
Beeka Jack, Brag Tom, BuUet, BuUock Jammie, Buck Reuben, 
BuHer Oeardie, Bowlaway, Broumsa Jossy, Cis Will, Cotty Joe, 
Oodgpf Owoaiy Jatk, Curly, Dickey Tom Johnny, Docken Jammie, 
Dautf Freetiane Jack, Gudgeon Tom, Red Jack. Awd John, Young 
-^ohHt Jaina Jade, Mary Jack, King Jack (all John Hird, by name). 

ly Tom Alick, Kit Puke Jock, Kanah BiU, Knocky Qwordie, 


LcHlock Ann Willy Matty Jwoan Ned, Mark Jammie Joss, Moor 
Close Qwm'diej Nettlebed Anty^ Peter Tom WUly, Peed Jack, 
Piper Ralph, Pidlan Will, JRoherty Will Peg Sam, Rive Rags, Skeh 
Symy, Slipe, Slodder, Smnny, Spletmeat, Sfrudgeon WUl, Tosh, 
Tazzy WiU. 

In another publication, of which a few numbers were issued, at 
an earlier period, in the same locality, the existing Swaledale names 
are characterised in the foUowing paragraph : 

'Such names as. Tossy*- Jack, Dicky* -Jim, Nathan* -WilV-W ill, 
Peier' 'Hannah* 'Tom (the name of the father, mother, and son, 
incorporated), Katie* 'Tom* -Alec (a similar case), Katie* -TonC- Alec*- 
lad (the case increased to the great-grandfather series), and Katie*- 
Tom*'Ale€^'lad^'lad (another ascent in the generation), Bullock-John, 
Tish'Tom, Trooper, and Split-Meal'Jack, are of common occurrence, 
and used, too, with such frequency and regularity that the original 
baptismal designations are almost forgotten. One person was called 
WiUy wH f 6*6, having lost one eye.' 

Strings of proper names like the above are strictly localised, and 
peculiar to the mining-dales north and the manufacturing villages 
south. In the common rural type of village, memories are not 
burdened in this way ; and the byname is nothing more than what a 
capricious humour originates. Many people earn their own bynames 
through some trait of character which is ' loud ' enough to challenge 
the common attention. There are instances where a person's phy- 
sical infirmity subjects him to a byname, but when this is the case the 
motive is well understood to be unobjectionable. There are often 
two of the same Christian and surname in a village. One must be 
distinguished, somehow, and if so be that one of the two called John 
is lame, the means are to hand at once : one is called ' John,* and the 
other ' Lam>e John,* 

Up to a very few years ago, a curious ceremony prevailed at one 
little village, near Boroughbridge. On Twelfth day, the men dressed 
themselves up fantastically, and yoked twenty-four of their number 
to an old, but a newly-whitewashed plough. Every arrangement com- 
pleted, even to the tying of bladders to the ends of the drivers' whip- 
lashes, the company began to go the round of the village. At the first 


convenient place» a halt was made, and the proceedings initiated by 
there being read over a roll of the names of those people of the village 
who had given birth to children during the past year. These each 
received a byname, on the spot. This ceremony concluded, the men 
went ^stotting/ with their plough, round the village, collecting 
money. Those people who could * thole ' nothing had their door-stones 
taken up, and a furrow was run over the place ; or, if there was a 
front garden, then this was ploughed across. In stopping before a 
house to repeat the short sentence of ' nomony,' or formula usual, 
bynames were always employed. Thus, there was a person named 
* Firdock^ who had been complimented by having an only son 
named ' Stunner* On reaching the house of this family, the spokes- 
man of the Stotters stepped forward, and said : — ' We wish Aud 
Firelock a merry Kers'mas, an' a merry Kers'mas to Stunner, his son ! ' 
In this village there was no one inhabitant without a byname. 
Belonging to old people, were those of Firelock, Puncli, Bendigo, 
Sugar, Fad (whose son was Fad* BU, exceptionally). Peace and Plenty 
(man and wife), Btdch\ Caud-Cabbage, Wag, Jobber, Puggy, Saggy, 
Moorey (the man's name not being Moore), Aud Tut, Aud Things, 
Aud BSais (Boots), and Aud Soss, one of the complimentary names 
bestowed on the deviL Names were changed occasionally. Those 
given to children were not considered objectionable, by rule. In the 
case of notorious, unpopular residents, however, it was generally 
admitted that their ofbpring had ' crampers ' of names bestowed upon 
them. A similar custom prevailed at another place in the same 
locality, Aldborough. Here, the ' Shepherds,' as the ' Stotters' (the 
more usual name) are also called, yet turn out on Twelfth day ; but the 
proceedings have grown to be very mild. Formerly, their first move- 
ment was to wend their way to a spot known as ^Chapel HilL* 
Here the roll of all the dwellers in the town was called over ; their 
bynames being employed ; and, after this proceeding, more of such 
names were bestowed upon the new-comers, who, at the end of the 
ceremony, were then warranted in upholding their right of enjoyment 
of all privileges and immunities belonging to the place. This little 
town, with its large mixed population, is, however, not to be con- 
sidered as fairly rural in character ; and the village before indicated 


is a specimen of those odd rough types which have borne their cha- 
racter for generations, and is one where fEum-labourers and jobbers 
constitute nearly the whole of the inhabitants. The custom of the 
common type of Yorkshire farming village, while similar in character, 
is quite divested of obtrusive ceremony ; and has a pervading ele- 
ment of kindliness which cannot be overlooked. 


Mid, Mid-Yorkshire. 

Nidd, Nidderdale (Lower). 

gen, general (to the above localities). 

ref, refined (phase of dialect). 

Wh. 01. Whitby Glossary (first edition). 





Tns Mid- Yorkshire dialect, and the dialect of the peasantry of the 
north of the county haye, constructiyely and idiomatically, strongly as- 
mmilatiye qualities, and, in short, a genius in common, yet differ, to an 
extent, in their respectiye yocabularies, as also in certain methodical 
pronunciationa But these drcumstanoes do not make apparent the real 
grounds of distinction between the two yarieties of dialect, and are 
practically without import. In each of these rural districts (ignoring 
the mining dales), there are heard the same sounds in the same words, 
but only in relation to different phases of each yariety of dialect. From 
whateyer point of yiew, inyolying either a general or partial aspect, the 
speech of this part of the coimty may be considered, there is found to 
be a clear distinction between the refined phase of the dialect, as spoken 
by an upper class of people, chiefly in the market-towns, and the yulgar 
phase, as spoken by the peasantry ; nor does this distinctiveness arise 
from the approximation of the former phase to modern usage as respects 
pronunciation. For the immediate and operatiye souixse of distinction 
between dialect and dialect, attention must be directed to the existing 
local standards of refinement, by which pronunciations are arbitrarily 
and instinctiyely referred to either the one or the other relative phase of 
speech. There is additional material for distinction in the changes, mul- 
tiplied and radical, which many of the commonest verbs (in particu- 
lar) are, in their pronunciation, subjected to ; and, by this means, a 
semi-refined phase of dialect is evolved in the language of the peasant. 
In Mid-Torkshii'e, the local scale of refinement in relation to soimds is 
curiously complicated in its bearing on various classes of words, but is, 
in practice, adhered to with an undoubtful impulse of mind by those 
speakers who, if not amongst the most instructed, are intelligent, and, 
as even a stranger might be impressed, unvitiuted in their use of the 



To begin with the prommdatioii of the letters of the alphabet, the 
usage, in Mid-Torkshire dialect, is as follows : 















"Dey, d'ey]. 


Ih^-ch, e-h'ch]. 
'Aa*y, aa*]. 





P . . [Te-y]. 

Q . . ;Kih'-, ki-w (ref.)"". 

E . . [AaT], 

8 . . 'Aeys*]. 

T . . "Te-y, t*e-y]. 

U . . [Yiw, vih'-, yao"w (ref.), 
yoo' (ref.)]. 

W .* .* LDuob-*ulyiw-,yih'",(and) 
ao-h'(ref.)l. [Duobni'l- 
yaow (and) ao" (ref.)]. 

X . . [Aeyks*] 

Y . . "Waa]. 

Z . . ;Zid]. 

&o, . . [Aanpe'h'sil], 

Note. — In order to ayoid encumbering the following paragraphs, the ex- 
amples of words in which a particular sound obtains are not multi- 
plied to any extent, and are given just as they immediately and 
collectively occurred to memory. Li what were deemed needful 
cases, there are departures from this rule, but, generally, it has not 
been attempted to exhaust, by example, the various classes of words 
(many, in some instances) which are the recipients of an indicated 

The several sounds belonging to this vowel are [e'hH (as in mate, 
part) ; [eh**] (harvest, harsh) ; [aaj (are, dare) ; [aa] (whaty can, ahhs 
tyaab-ul]); [ao-h*] (fall, call) ; [ej (Aa«, cast) ; rih'-;| (late, KaU). 

The use oi particular vowel-sounds in the dialect is greatly dependent 
upon circumstance. Thus, whether A is heard as [ih'*^, or, as [e*h'] is 
determined according to the nature of the accent, as m the sentence : 
' It 's the same ^ain,* where the a of same may resolve itself into either 
of the mentioned forms, by reason of stress, or by quantity. 

Of the above series of pronunciations [aa*] is the most distinctive. 

Under certain circumstances, but neither uniformly nor consiBtentiv, 
and, at times, with manifest unconsciousness, some speakers occasionally 
employ [:a'h] in accented syllables. 

In regard to the digraphs : 

ae is of infrequent occurrence, and, when heard, is sounded [e'h'] ; 

ai is sounded [e*h'] (faith, remain) ; [i'h*] (again, slain) ; 

au [aoh*'] (haul, authority, fault) ; in the class exampled by the last 
word the liquid is uniformly mute ; [aow*] (taught, caught) ; [uo] {^aunt, 
flaunt, assault, laudanum, laurel) ; 

aw has also the sound of [uo], with the addition of [h'] (crawl, hawl, 
scrawl) ; 

In the refined phase of the dialect, the several sounds of A are [ai] 
(mate, fate) ; [sl&'j {are, far, hard) ; [u*] (dark, stark) ; [aa] (was) ; [ao'J 
(all, pall) ; of ae [ej ; of ai [:e'] (faith, rain, lain), and [eh'*] (grain. 


chain) ; of au [aq] {faulty hanl)^ and [u] [gaunt, flaunt, laurel) ; of aw 


In some fow words, this consonant occasionally takes the place of p, 
as in mop, dapple. Baptist, the verb to dip, in all its parts, and, fe- 
quently, in the vorbs to hop, flap, drip, snip, also, siibstantively, in 
tiie ikree last words. Probably the word * Barley ! * — *n ejaculation 
employed by children in their games, when a truce is desired — ^may also 
be mcluded in the list. 

In such words as tremble, humble, nimble, aaaemble — a large class, h is 
never inserted, as it is in standard English. 


In some words the dialect has preserved the (original) hard sound of 
Ar, as in chum, chaff, bench, pitch (y eih), thatch [thaak*], flitch [fli:i*h'k], 
bleach, reach. Rich (a common abbreviation oi Richard), belch, perch, arch 
[aa-k (and) eh''ch], screech [skrd'Vk], beseech [bisi'k (and) biseyk (ref.)], 
milch, church p^aor^'k], chest [kist*]. 

Initial d, preceding a vowel, and final d have frequently a peculiar 
thick sound, approaching a dental. The usual sound under otner cir- 
cumstances is distinctly dental. In some cases, when in immediate 
proximity to its related consonant b, d systematically supplants <, as in 
out, bottom, buttercup, cutty. 

This letter subsibitutes th with great frequency, and in other cases 
only gives way to dental t. 

Unless in association with a word used participially, d is usually 
mute when immediately preceded by n, as in hand, handle, candle, com" 
mand, stand, land, 


The sounds of this vowel are [eo*] (occasionally, as in me, be) ; [ae*y, 
aey*] (heard in the same class of words, with [mo'y] and [mey •] as the 
reunea forms) ; [e] [met, bet) ; [i] (wef » fret, let, yet) ; [aol (her) ; [uo] 
(her, yes) ; [i'n] (errand, hero [i'h'D, yih'b], extreme [ikst'ri'h'm], fever) ; 
fih**] (news, flew) ; [aa*l (serve, mercy) ; [aaj (peril) ; [ae] long and short, 
IS also heard in intorcnange with [e], out rarely apart from accented 
syllables ; 

ea is [i'h*] (death, breath, l^xive, sea, bread, cheap); [i] (in the first 
part of some words, of two or more syllables, as, meadow, jealous, zealous, 
breatldess, cUanlincss, measure, treasure, pleasure) ; [eh**] (heart) ; 

ce fill'*] (see, feed, tree, flee, free, three) ; 

ei [ih**j (feign, deign, reign, vein, rein, mischief; the vowel being 
medial at times) ; 

eo [ih**] (people) ; [i] (leopard, jeopardy) ; 

eu, and ew (interchangeably with [rw]), [i'h*] (feud, deuce, slew, 

In the refined phase, the sounds of E are [ey] (me, be) ; [uuy] (in 
Blight interchange with the foregoing) ; [i] (fret, met, Ut) ; [ej (meddle, 
filly genihi) ; [u] (long or short, according to position, as in her) ; of ea 

fi] {ready, tread) ; [e'y] (breath, dead, swear), and [uy] (sea, tea); of ee 
oy] (see, feed, tree, flee, free, three> » of ei [uy] (reign, rein, deign, feign, 


w»n), and [ey] {mischiff, brief, sieve) ; of eo [ey] (people), and [e] 
(Uopard, jeopardy) ; of cw, and eu; [oe] (feud, Jew, slew), 


There is a strong disposition to sound this consonant in the place of 
th, initially, in certain ^ords, as in thratch (to qxiarrcd sharply), through, 
thrust ffraost*], thimUe [fim'u'll throstle, throng, and in thought, as 
habitually pronounced by individuals [faowt*]. 


Final g, and the additional g which may be gained participially, as 
in sing, singing, are, by rule, seldom heard ; but, on the part of some 
individual speakers, the ^s in each case are clearly enunciated on all 
occasions, as in * gang,' * ganging' [gaangg-, gaang-mg], go, going. 

In such words as finger, flinger, linger, the ^ is a constituent of the 
first syllable entirely — [fingni, fldng'u, ling'u]. Many words fell into 
this category, as fangle [faang'ul], dangle, wrangle, spangle, mangle, 
angle, tangle, hunger [:uo*ng-ur], monger (as in ironmonger [aaTu'n- 
muong-ur]), mongrel [m:uo'ng-ril], longer, thronger [thraang'urj, jingle, 
tingle, tingle, and others. 

In words having ough as a component, the tendency in regard to pro- 
nunciation is not to make a guttural of the consonants, as is done in 

signifying that end of a oam where the grain is stacked, or ' mewed ') 

tmi'h'f]. Mew, vb. to cloak up, to overwrap, to conceal or pack witUn 
Ayers of any material, is usually pronounced [muof* (and) miw*]. 

01 is expressed generally by [dl]. In words having the mgraph 
gth, g is omitted in pronunciation, as in strength, length, 


This letter is, by rule, never attempted in pronunciation, and, when 
heard, is due either to accident or caprice. An equivalent sound is 
approached when w is made to precede the vowel o mitially, as in one 
form of each of the words oats and host, pronounced, at times, almost 
distinctly fwhuoh'^ts] and [whaost'l, the emission of breath being 
abrupt, and almost amounting to a whistle. 


The sounds of this vowel are [aa*] (/, rice, mind, chine, pine, lion 
[laa'u'n], kite); [ih**] {machine, magazine, and other words which, in 
received pronunciation, have the sound of e long, as seen, been, fifteen, 
gc^rdinej; [i] (blind [blin*], dimb [tlim*], sunrn, wind, find [fin*], wind, 
vb.) ; [eej (oUige, night, might, sight, right, blight, fright) ; faey-J (fight, 
right [raeyt Jand)reet*]) ; [ao] (stir, birth, mirth, firm, bird, fiirt, squirt, 
first) ; [uo] (in interchange with the preceding vowel) ; [u] (miracle) ; 

ia is ree'] (briar, liar) ; [aa'] (dialogue [daa'luog], diamond, Messiah); 

ie pn'] (believe, sieve, grieve, shield, field) ; [aa-] (science, quiet, lie, 
He); [i] (friend) ; 

♦oTaa-] (lion, Sion, violet [vaaiut]) ; 

ttt [aa*uo] (triumph [t'raa-uomp]). 

In the reGned pnase, the sounds of % are [ey* (and) e'y*] (fine, fire. 


iron); [aa*] (sight, blind); [ao] 0?r< third, hirth); [irr (and) u'y-] 
Ifight, right); [e] (^rl); of ia [ey]; of •« [ey] and [e'yj; of w [ey-]; 
of iu [ey no]. 


When this consonant immediately preoedea d or t, and chiefly when 
the vowel is a, o, or dipththong au or ou, it is mnte, as in gold^ moulder, 
solder [saoh'-d'ur (and) saow'd'ur}, KM [aoh'*d], old [ao'h'd (and) noh*'d], 
oM, salt, fault, malt, bolt [baowtj. 


When In occurs immediately before the termination er of noons, the 
/ and n undergo transposition, as in mUner [min'lu], and the proper 
name KUner [Kiniu]. 


The sounds of this vowel are [e-h^] (who, do, so, most, throne, dole^ 
more) ; [i'h'J and [ih'*] (in interchange with the foregoing vowel in most 

of the same words) ; [uo] {not, lost, scoff, animosity, apologise [upuolm- 
jaa"z], profit, lot, folly); [ao*] (0, lo! (and [le'h']), Utw, mow, snow); 
[ao] (post, host, whole [waol*]) ; [u] (of [uv], or, nor, for) ; [aa] (long, 
strong, throng, among, hot [yaat*]) ; [o] is a frequent vowel, as in on, open 
[op'u'n], and interchanges with [aoj in most words where this vowel 

oa is foa'h'] (coal, foal, road) ; [e*h*] (broad, toad, had) ; 

oe [e'u] (doe, toe, hoe, sloe) ; [uo'v] (poetry [puo'yfri]) ; 

oi [:ao*yJ (toil, foil, soil) ; [uoyl ( poiw/, anoint, joint, moist, poison) ; 
[uoh**] as in quoit [kuoh't, kwuoh**t], is an exceptional vowel sound ; 

oo [i*h'] and [ih'*], the first usually employed monosyllabically, or in 
pause (proof, stool, book, door, goose, choose, moon, look, boot, booty, noon) ; 
[e'h*] (room) ; 

ou [oo*] (sound, hound, surround, thou, poultry, house, sour, round) ; 

Ei*h'] (truth, enough, tough) ; [ih'*] (cough, youth, though) ; [e*h*] (foughtS; 
uo] (trouble, mourn, journey) ; [aow] (soup, four, sought, brought, thought); 
ow is also sounded [oo'J in such woixis as cow, now, bow, broum, town, 
shower, dourry ; but in others, as lotc, bestow, snow, grow, below, [ao*] is 
the vowel, to which [h'] accretes before a following consonant. Some 
of the words of this class, as low, snow, below, have the interchangeable 
vowel [e'h']. 

In the refined phase, the sounds of O are rao'l (who, so, post, over, 

hosier [ao'zur], note); [u*] (/or, torment (sh, enia vb.), mortar, sorrow); 

[u] (not, long, on, among); [uw], with [aow*] in interchange, to some 

extent, (do, down, cow, how) ; of oa [ao*] ; of oe [ao*] ; of oi [u*y] (poison, 

noise, moist, toil, soil, point). In quoit, the vowel is, exceptionally, 

[kwao't (and) kao't]. Of oo [uw], with [aow] in interchange, to some 

extent; of ou [aow], with [uw] in some interchange, (sound, flour, 

flower, poultry); [u] (tough, though); and [\r'\ (mourn, bourn, journey 

ju'nu]). The refined form of ow is [aow], with some interchange of 

uw], in such words as cow, now, bow, brown, town, shower, dowry ; and 

[uw], in such as low, bestow, snow, grow, below, 


On the part of a class, whoso use of the dialect is free, but not broad, 
there is a tendency to change the usual sound of ph for that of a simple 


p, Tho following words are habitually subjected to this treatment by 
the class of people indicated : jjAeowanf [piz*u*nt], physician [puzi..8hu'n], 
photograph [paot*ugraap], pAtfeaopAer \vlo„sw^\i]^ philoaophy [pilcsupi] 
(with a capnee of treatment), * eumphy * (i. e, marshy ; of the nature of 
a quagmire) [suom'pi], camphor [kaam'pru (and) kaam'fru], sulphur 
fsuol'pru (and) suol*mi], blasphemy [blaas'pumi], orphan [ao'lrpun 
(and) u'pun] (the first the commonest), pamphlet [paam'plit], sphere 
[spi'h'r], seraph [sur'up], triumph [t*raa'uomp], epitaph [ip'itaap], para- 
graph [jpaarugraap ^and) paar'ugraaft], elephant [il-ipunt]. Philip in 
familiar speech is abbreviated to [Pil], as also Humphrey to [Uomp*]. 
Murphy and Morphety proper names, are pronounced, respectively, 
[Maor'pi, Muor*pi] and [Mur'pit, Muorpit]. Amphitheatre is also treated 
in the same manner [aampiti'n'tu]. The pecuhar pronunciation of the 
digraph ph in this list of words is not equally representative of southern 
speech; nevertheless, the last form, abbreviate!! to *Ampy* [aam'pi], 
was, in the dialect, the designation of a popular place of amusement at 



In the word quaint, there are individual speakers who, in pronuncia- 
tion, elide the a, so as to render the word, as nearly as possible, [weh'*nt]. 
To quicky in aU its parts, simple and compound, is attached the same 
peculiarity. But in quilt, the mitial letter is displaced by t [twilt'j. 


This letter is not often trilled, apart from an initial position, and, 
when heard, the trill is of a varying character, and seldom a forcible one. 

A dental r is invariably employed in many words. 

In other words, having c, t, or u for vowel, followed by r, this letter 
is often transposed, as in curd ptruod*], bird [hrxiod' (also) buor*d* (and) 
baod'], sTierd [shred*], burst [bruost*], grin [gu'r*n, gi'r*n, (also) g:e*n 
(and, but seldomer), g:i'n], cistern [sist'nmj, /ertern [lik*t*run], lantern 
[laan't'runj, western [wis't*run], and generally in this class of word 
which receives the accent on the first syllable. So, too, there is ofben a 
transposition in bum, and burnt, and systematically again in furmenty 
[fruom*uti], thirty [thruot'i], spurt [snraot*], camphor [kaam'fru], »u/- 
fhur [suol'fini], interest [inTruost]. The last word would, however, be 
spelt, oy dialect speakers, ' intrust,' and the refined pronunciations are 
essentiadly distinct from the vulgar, being [in'turist (and) in'trist]. 


The sound of this letter in such words as measure, pleasure, treasure 
is that of z, and, to the ear, the termination ends with the following 
vowel [miz'u, pliz'u, t*riz'u]. This is the rule, also, in regard to other 
words which, in ordinary usapB, associate the *tsh^ sound with the 
digraph tu, as in naiure [ne'h'tu], verUure [vini;u], furniture [faonitu], 
future [fiw'tu, fih**tu], picture [pik'tu], scripture r8kripi;u], manufacture 
[maan3iEiak*tu], aeiziirc [si-h*zu], rupture [ruop'tuj. Also in other words, 
with a differing termination, asjjundua/ [puong'tu'l], wtt<MaZ[iiiiwtu*l], 
righteous [raa'tih's], question [kwis'tun]. In each list the fa are usually 
all more or less of a dental character. 


This consonant is, also, like d, often heard mth a slightly thick, or 


semi-dental sound, as an initial and as a final letter* In other positions 
< is a distinctly dental letter. 

In participles with the sound of pt occurring finally only the first 
letter is heard in dialect speech, as in slept [slop*], luept [Vep*], kept 

Eep'], swept [swep*], crept [krep'], (other forms Deing [knp*, kraop*, 
•uop', (and) kraap*]). So, also, in the past tenses of heap — * heapt ' 
[ep*], and ^|3— 'leapt' [lep*]. When, however, the vowel proper [ou] 
of the last verb is employed, then the final t is heard in the participles 
(*loupt* [laow*pt]). The participles stript and *grapt* (p. t. of grip) 
nave idso the mial letter mute in pronunciation ([st'rip*, graap']), but 
this treatment is exceptional to their dass. 


The sounds of this vowel are [uo] (tub, up, under [uon'd'u], snuff, 
stuff, sun) ; [ih'*] (duke, rebuke, flute, sugar, sure, rhubarb rrih*'buob], mtd- 
titude [muol*titin*d], re/use); [:i'w] (use; also with [:i'h'J for vowel, and 

[aa] {squander 
subdue [suobdi'h*]) ; 

_ [guiae, gutie, auguue) ; Lin'*j \su%z, /run, juice; in other words, 
as recruit, tne vowel is of a medial character) ; [i] (guilt, built) ; [uo] 
{quit, quirk, squirt, squirrel) ; but these are exceptional instances, and in 
tne last three words the vowel is in full interchange with [ao] ; 

uo [uoh*] (^uote). 

In the ronned phase, the soimds of U are [ao] (hurl, churl, under, 
curse, humble, grumble, murder, stun, burden, curtain) ; [uo] (suffer, 
blunt) ; [uu] (tub, up, stuff) ; [yaow] (use, union, universe, and, without 
initial y, rhubarb) ; [uw] (duke, flute, mute, subdue [saobduw], cue, abuse 
[ubuw'z] vb., [uDUW's] so.) ; of ua [u*] (quart, guard, guarantee, with 
medial vowel [gru'runtaey*]), [ai*] (persuade, quake), and [aa] (squander, 
quantity); of ue [aow] (true, blue, rue, hue, with initial y for h), [i] 
{aueti, conquest, quench), and [iw] (revenue [riviniw (when read, but 
[rivini"h'] when spoken), /uc/); of mi [aow] (juice, bruise), [uw] (recniit, 
fruit, suit), [a*e] (guilt, built, guide, guile, quit, disguise, quill), and [ao] 
(squirt, squirrel, quirk) ; of uo [ao*] (^uote, quorum). 

In some of the commonest verbs and simple singular nouns there is 
a constant disposition to sound v for/, as in ca// [kao'h'v], half [ao'h'v], 
sheaf [shaav], stave [staav], and though not in safe, vet, on occasions, 
exceptionally, in the compoimd vouchsafe [v:uochsi*h v] ; also in scar/ 
[skaa'v], unless the vowel is [e'h*], which is the commoner form; in 
'neaf,* fist [nihV], deaf, vb. [di-hVl, delf, sb. [dilv], * thafe,' p. t. of 
thieve [the-hVl, elf [ilv], ^ca/ pi-hVj, Aoo/ [uo'v, :i*hV], «cur/ [skuor'vj. 
In words of which the vowel is i or u there are exceptions to the rule 
illustrated by the foregoing words. 

In two or three common nouns, v displaces b, systematically, as in 
gable [gii'h'vu'l], and shoeband [shuov'u'n]. In the term * hubbleshow* 
(a coni'iised noise) v also, at times, takes the place of b [uoyu'lshoo**]. 


Conversely, however, there are as many instances where h takes the 
place of V, but the class of word varies, as in navel, sb. [ne'h'bul], rivets 
vb. [reb'it (andj mh'if], frivolotts, adj. [frib'lus]. 

In aver, and its compounds, v has the sound of w [aow'h']. 

In several woids, this letter has the sofb sound of «, as in cuole [aas'u'l], 
next [n:i*st (and) nikst], Haxhy (the name of a place), [Aas'bi], six 
[sii's] ; also in *ax*=z* aks^ — ask [aas*]. 

When the sound of ^ is ecjuivalent to i long, it falls into the same 
category as this vowel, and is represented in dialect speech by [aa*], 
as in rhyme [raa*m], $ly [slaa*], fly [flaa*], justify [juostifaa*]. 

This letter is, with ^reat firequency, added mitially to a word begin- 
ning with a vowel ; or is put in the place of h, when this letter, followed 
by a vowel, begins the word. This is a process, however, which often 
entirely changes the vowel, as in hot [uot*, yaat], acre [e'h'ku, yaak'u]. 
The vowels which chiefly acquire y, in the way indicated, are a and o. 
The vowel e also receives the form, but in a less noticeable way. 


The mode of accentuation in the dialect speech is not in entire con- 
formity with modem usage. 

Words of two syllables are, in aU but exceptional instances, as com- 
pound, sb., a4]>} and vb. [kuompuo'nd], accented according to rule. 

Words of three syllables, having a final long vowel, are commonly 
accented on the last syllable, as reconcile [rikunsaa'l], remonstrate (not 
a spoken word, but, when read, pronounced [rimuonst^re-h't], calculate 
[kaalki1e'h*t1, celebrate [silibre'h't], circulate Tsaokule'h't], and words 

fenerally which terminate in ate; jubilee [jiwbilee*], distribute [disfri- 
iwtj, si^i/y ^signifaa*], multiply [miuoltiplaa*], and words generally 
terminatmg with the sound of i long. To a great extent, trisyllables 
with a final short vowel have the accent on the penult if marked by 
short a, as relative [rile'h*tiv], combatant (not spoken) [kuombaat'u'nt]. 
Words of four syllables are also, to a great extent, affected peculiarly 
in having the accent on the penult, as indicative [lindike'h'tiv], circum- 
stances [s:aokumstaan*siz], antiquary [:aantikwe'h'ri], and, outside the 
vocabulary, such other words as subsequently [s:uobakwin'tli], super- 
fluous [s:ih'j)ufli*h's], munificent [m:ih'mfi8'u*nt], infinitive [:in£Giaa*tiv], 
leviathan piih'vi-e'h'thun], imperfectly [rimpufik'tli] (with an occasional 
elision of the t, on the part of those who are accounted bad speakers). 
There are exceptional pronunciations, as iniquity [lin'ikwitij. Other 
words conform to the verb in sound, as lame?itable [leh'min'tubu'l]. 
When the last syllable has a for its vowel, it either receives the accent 
alone, as in communicate [kuomih'nike'h't], or the accent on the proper 
syllable is shared in a degree by the last, as in leyitimate [l:git*im:e*h t], 
negotiate [niguo'h'ti:e'h't]. 

Words of five or more syllables are accented according to rule, 


unless terminatmg in ^ or ^, or that the vowel of the peniilt is a, in 
which case stress and length are restricted to this syllable, as in imagin- 
ative [imaajinch'tiv], accommodating [ukaomude'h*tin] ; the words of 
this class which are in use in spoken speech being comparatively few. 
When the termination is marked hj le or y, there is also a tendency to 
adapt the pronunciation to the indicated rule, as in immoderately 
fimuod'ureh 'tli], immensurahle [iminsureh^'bu'l] ; and when it occurs 
that both the antepenult and the penult have a for vowel, the accent 
£Edls on the former, as in incomparable [inkuompe'h'rubu'l]. But these 
are quite exceptional pronunciations, and, as a list, vary, as does irre- 
vocable [irivuo'n'kubul], which, like many other words, maintAins the 
sound of the verb. 



In the possessive case, the usual *8 is, by rule, unheard. ' T* lad 
stick ' (Tlaad' stik*], the lad's stick. This rule is also followed when 
noims m the possessive case occur in succession. * T lad father stick' 
[Tlaad- fi-h'd*u stik-]. 


In regard to the gender of substantives, it may be stated, broadly, 
that there is a general disposition either to emplo;^ different words 
representatively, or to effect this purpose of distmction loosely by the 
addition of some qualifying word, as * dam elephant,' in respect of an 
elephantesSt and ' he-* ana ' she-tiger,* for a tiger and tigress^ respectively. 
In very many cases, the modem way of denoting the sex of animals and 
objects, by a suffix to the noun, is discarded as effeminate. 


Not only do single syllable adjectives form their comparative by the 
addition of er, with est for the superlative, but those of two or more 
syllables also follow this rule. 

To the following list of words which are compared irregularly in 
ordinarv English, the Mid- Yorkshire dialect forms are added in glossic, 
within Drackets. 

Bad [baad] Worse 

waa's] ) equally Worst [waa'st] 
waa*r J ) common 


Far [faa-r] Farther [fSaa'd'u] Farthest [fea'd'ist] 

[faa-ru] [fea-rist] 

Foro [fu'r] Former [fumu] Foremost [fninust] 

First t&ost*] 



Good [gi-li'd] Better [bet* -ur] Best [best] 

[ei-li'd'iir]thelast rbefu'rist] 

in relation to sub- [bet*'u'rau8t] 

stance, mood of mind, [bet'*u*ru] 

or inanimate objects 'gih^distj 


The several superlative forms are much heard. [Befni'm] may, 
however, be more properly distinguished as a comparative of a nigher 
degree. It is often employed in conjunction with [bet* 'ur] when a 
superlative meaning is not intended to be conveyed. 

Late [li-h't] Later [H-hVur] Latest Ri-h'tist 

Last [laast*] 

It must be noted that the definite article [f ] is always heard with 
kut [tlaast*] and under no circumstances whatever is there a departure 
firom this rule. 

Little Raatu'l] 

Less [lee*] Least nih'stj 
les'u] laa'thst] 

'laa-tlu] laa'list] 

[laa-lu^ [lesist] 

In the last case, and also in the comparative forms, the vowel [e] 
interchanges with [i]. 

Manv [niuoni] 
Much 'mich'l 

Near [ni'h'r] 

More [me'h'r] 

Nearer [ni'h'd'ur] 

Old [aoh'd] 

Most [me'h'st] 


Nearest [ni'h'd'ist] 


Older [ao-h*d'ur] Oldest [aoh'd'ist] 

When an adjective is formed by the affix ern, the vowel and the r 
are invariably transposed fVun-]. 

When formed b^ the amx ly^ s is added [liz'l 

The demonstrative forms the one and t?ie other contract and are in 
constant use as [te'h'n, ti*h*n, tacn (ref.)] and [tuod'nir, tid**ur]. 

Each is not heard, the equivalent for this term being ' one and the 
other * [yaan* un* tid'*ur], or, in some positions, * ilka [il'ku], which 
word also supplies the place of every. 

At the has its usual form in ' at f [Etat*^. At^ as a single word, 
often receives the addition of en [aat*u'nj, chiefly before a vowel, but 
also frequently when preceding the definite article. * He 's at the door ' 
ni'z aatai'n t di'h'r]. fChaucer has atte before a consonant, but atten 
before a vowel. In both cases the suffix is put for A.S. ]^amy the dat. 
sing^f the def. article. — ^W. W. S.] 

Where, under the ordinary rule, the termination iah occurs, there is 
in dialect speech a substitution of ' like ' [laa'k]. 

The termination en is in a great measure ignored, but not to the 
extent usual in town dialect, in which adjectives vigorously assert sub- 
stantive forms, however ungainly, unless the word may be sounded as 
a monosvllabla * A wood en)oon ' [U wuod' spuo'vn] ; ' a stown (stden) 
coat' [u staow*n kaoyt']. — (Leeds,) Alike in rural and town dialect, y^ 
as an adjectival termination, is common when the sense of the word 
implies naToury or mixture, and general in cases where the ordinary 


equivalent is the simple substantiye form. ' Tarty * [te'liti], tart, or 
aciduous; * irony* [aa-runi], mixed with iron; 'browny' [broo*ni], of 
a brown colour.— {Afid- 1 oriw.) 

Disyllables ending in cU and hU are usually compared by er and ett, 
and not by more and moat, as ordinarily. 

Note, — ^In Dr Murray's * Dialect of the Southern Counties of Scotland,' 
page 186, there is a note of quotation from the Bey. J. C. Atkinson's 
Cleveland Oloasary, respecting the demonstrative forms current in the 
last-named locality. Tnoj[ are said to be ** four forms, fAeea, ihor, theSae^ 
and thors or thodse, of which the two in -s are used as plurals of thii, 
and the two without -s as plurals of thatj'* 

In connection with this note, it may be of use to explain the Mid- 
Torkshire usage with regard to these forms, and with a little more 

* Theea * [dhi'h'] is often put in opposition with t?iai, to save re|>eti- 
tion, and is a clear gain of a word in speech. Thus, where, in received 
English, a meaning could only be expressed by the phrase, 'neither 
that one nor the other,' or by a similar one, the dialect would accom- 

Slish it by * neither that nor there (or * theea ') one ' [ne'h'd'u dhaat* nu 
hi'h* yaan']. The form is much heard in other ways, with an tdlied 
moaning, but it is essentially a helping form, and does not usually take 
the place of the simple word that. * It 's neither th^ ^hing nor the other ' 
[Its* ne'h'd'u dhi'h* theyng* nu tid'^ul. In this sentence, the word can 
scarcely be said to displace that, [phih'] is, however, most usually 
heard as the pronunciation of they, but chiefly on the part of old people ; 
the more general form being [dhe'h'], and always, m each case, with 
the loss of the last element before a voweL With ouaint speakers, 
* thor ' [dhaor'*J takes the place of those ; and, for these, tne form * tJiedse ' 


ing habit of speech. The Cleveland Glossary form *thors* [dhao'fi'z] is 
also very strictly of this character, but is not readily employed. It is 
avoided oy consistent speakers, who adopt [dhao'z], luider all circum- 


The pronouns, with the varying forms common to Mid-Torkshire, 
are as follows : 

^ift^. Dialect Equivalent, Plur, Dialect Equivalent, 
Nom. I [Aa% I] We [Wey, wi, wu, uz'] 

[Aa] is quite often short, but in respect of this quantity is entirely 
dependent on position and character in a sentence. 

[I] is a peculiar sound, and, as indicated, Oiily represented by this 
letter as a g:lo88ic symbol. In rural and town dialect alike, the form is 
characteristic of interrogative sentences. * Will Eh ? ' — Shall It * Mun 
Eh ? *—Must It Its use in town dialect is, however, espedaUy restricted 
to sentences of the kind shown, while in rural dialect it is put to a pecu- 
liar use. In such a sentence as, / will do thai, too, while I am at it, the 
form * Eh ' p] is, in town dialect, an impossibility. In, for example, 
the Leeds dialect, the rendering would be [Aal* diw dhaat' tiw* waal' 
Aa *aam* aar* it] ; but in Mid- Yorkshire dialect [Aa*l di'h' dhaat* ti*h' 


waa'l I "iz* aat* it'] (the last pronoun being also frequently quite un- 
heard) — * at *=at it [aatt']. There may be, too, an interchange of [Aa] 
-^th the form [I]. But the use of this form, in any degree, infallibly 
distinguishes rural from town dialect. 

twi, wul These forms are unemphatio. 
Uz*] (the pronunciation of tis) is occasional, and the yowel inter- 
changes with [uo], this being always the sound when constituting part 
of the initial word of a sentence. 

!Mine [Maa-n, muyn- (re£)]. Our [Oo-h*, wur, uz-, oa-h' (ref.), 
aow'h' (ref.), ao'h' (market- 
town ref.)]. 
My [Maa*, mu, mi, uz*. Ours [Oo'h'z, uoziz, oa'h*z (rel), 
muy (ref.)]. aowh'z (ref), ao'h*z (mar- 

ket-town rei.)]. 

Occasionally there is heard a possessive suffix -e«, namely, * mines ' 
[maa*nz]. The word oum, pronounced [ao-h'n], is also frequently added 
to the simple form, and constitutes a compouna possessive. It is chiefly 
employed in pet phrases. ' Thou 's mine own bairn ! ' [Dhuo'z min* 
•ao^'n beh'n !]. Or, in a more idiomatic phrase, * Thou nown bairn ! ' 
[Dhuo* 'nao'h'n be-h*n!]. 

[Mu, mi]. TJnemphatic. The first form is usually prefixed to words 
of endearment. * Come, my bairn I * [Kuom* (very often with the vowel 
long) mu be'h'n IJ. The initial letter of the noun is, by rule, a consonant. 
The last form is m free use. 

rUz'] (sin^. Occasional. 

rWur*]. unemphatic. 

fUoz'iz] — ». e. * us^s.' Occasional, and (but to a less extent) in town 
as well as rural dialect. 

[Ao'h'z]. In several Yorkshire localities, a long varying vowil, 
without a final element, distinguishes this pronoun, as the [uz] of the 
extreme north, and the [aa'z] of the south. 

Obj. Me [Maey, mu, uz', mee*. Us [XJoz*]. 
mey (and) muy (ref.)]. 
[Mu]. Unemphatic. 
[Mee*]. Mostly heard in pause. 

( Thou [Dhoo*, tu, dhaow, Ye ) [Yey (also ref), yee', yu, 
Nom. < dhu, dhuw (ref.)]. You J yaow (ref)]. 

(You [Yee*, yey (ref.), 
yaow (ref.), yuw* 


[Dhoo*]. In emphasis. In sharp utterance, there is a distinct change 
of vowel to [uo], and as the quantity of [oo*], when used, is very com- 
mo^v of inordinate len^^, the sounds contrast greatly. 

Tne use of the nommative thou, for the objective thee, is restricted 
and ^neral to rural dialect * He shall not go.* * He will for thoo * — 
will in spite of you— will be the contradictory response of a second 
person, relative to a third. [Ee* saan'ut gaan*. I wil* fu *dhoo']. 
Thou, along with the rest of the forms of the second person singular, 
though naturally the expression of familiar feeling, is yet associated 
with contemptuous treatment on the part of a speaker. When this 
treatment is resorted to, it would be impossible to exceed the deliberate 
tone and length of the vowel, and in this character the word is peculiarly 

XXiV PROxorxs. 

expreflBiTe. Toiraids enperion, the objectiTe case of the second penon 
plural is, as a matter of course, emplojred, but under dicamstanoea of 
strong feeling it is apt to be changed for f Aon, and without thai sense 
of unpardonable Tulgarity which would attach to the form if used in a 
like manner in ordinary conyersation. 

[TuJ. Unemphatic, and frequently as doee a contraction as [tu*]. 
The mistake is inyariably made oy li^eners of supposing this form to 
represent the objectiTe case, and in the endeayour to render the dialect 
approximately, local writers resort to a Tanety of means in order to 
convey the sound indicated — one of the commonegt in general oonversa- 
tion. On the part of others, whose object is to display force rather 
than accuracy in renderings of dialect, the uncontractod form ' thee ' is 
often written. It need only be said, that this form is nerer heardin the 
dialect in the nominatiTe case. 

rohuwj Unemphatic. 
[Dhu]. Occasional. 
[Yu]. Unemphatic. 
^Yuw]. Unemphatic 

Thine [Dhaa-n, dhuvn (ref )]. 

Thy [Dhaa% dhi^ dhuy Your ) [Yoah\ yaoh* (m. t 

(ref.)l. f refk yur-]. 

Poss. ^ Your [Yoa*h', jraowh' (ref.), Yours ( [Yoah'2,yaowh'z,yao'h'a 

jrao'h' (market-town ) (m. t. ref.), yao'z], 

ref.), jur (the same)]. 
Yours [Yoa'h'z, vaowh'z, 

yao*h*z (ma^et-town 

ref.), yao'z]. 

)hi]. Unemphatic. 
Tur*] (sing, and plur.). Unemphatic 
[t must be noted that, in familiar intercourse, and in all conyersa- 
tion with inferiors, or equals, the second person of the possessiye case 
is usually denoted by thy and thine, in both the singular and pluraL 
Your and tgours are relegated to refined speech. 
[Yao'z] (sing, and pTur.). Occasional. 

C Thee [Dhey, dhoo*, dhu, tu, 
^^j- \ ^ ^^*' dhaow- (ref.)]. . . ry ^ -._. ,^,^_, 

yuw* (the same)]. 

[Dhee*]. Infrequent Of the six forms here noted, four (Tdhoo*, 
dhaow*, dhu, tu]) are resolyable into nominatiyes, being variations of 
thou. The right of the last two to be thus considered is made clear by 
a comparison of analogous forms. Neither [dhu] nor [tu] are employed 

[Yu] (siiigi and plural). Unemphatic. 

Kmn. He fE^, ee*, i] They [Dheh', dhu]. 

[I] Unemphaoc. 

The otneetms kim and her are often employed nominatiyely. Poe- 
mblf this habit is a mere result of confusion, since these forms are neyer 
MDj^oyed before a rerb in the present or past, though freauenUy pre- 
^wag pftrticiplesy interrogatiydy. * Eim bownF' [:I*m boo-nr], Ha 

4gf Vortiiei^iaaltAey, 'them' is employed. 


Poss. m. [Ee.. iz-] SS, j \ ESKif '^J 

[Dhu]. Unemphatio. In tlie case of thiB form, and corresponding 
ones, r is added when a following word begins with a yowel. 

Obj. Him [Eym, im*] Them [Dhim*, dhem*, nm'] 

[TJm]( = 'em), Unemphatic, by rule, but in some slight use other- 
wise. 'Whether it's um or them there's no counting' nVid'*u*r its' 
*um* u *dhim* dhuz* ne*h' koon'tin], whether it is they or them there is 
no way of accounting, or knowing. 

Nom. She [Shu, shao, shih'-, They [Dhe'h', dhu] 
sney (ref.)] 

-D^oo J Her [Aor-, u] Their [Dhe-h', dhu] 

^^^ ( Hers [Aoz-] Theirs [Dhe-h*z] 

Obj. Her [Aor*, u] Them [Dhim% dhem*, um*] 

Nom. It [If] They [Dhe-h', dhu] 

Poea. Its [If, ii»-] SS» I I gK^r^ 

Obj. It [It-] Them [Dhim-, dhem*, um-] 

[Its*]. The possessive si^ '« is only employed at such times when 
it would be impossible to make sense without it. 

The relatives who and which are frequently superseded by a contrac- 
tion of that [ut'], a form much used, too, legitimately. The w in who 
(whether a simple or compound word) is not heard to any extent in 
refined dialect, [ao*] being the more favoured form. For which, * whilk' 
[wilk*] is much employed interrogatively by old people. 

Why [waa*] is very rarely heard, the common equivalent being 
* what for ' [waaf fur*]. 

Belative compounds take * some ' between the words, or xmdergo other 

changes, as in * whomsomever' [w:eh*m8uomiv*u]> whoever (also whoao^ 

' [wieh'- (and) w:ih' 
soever, * whichsomever ' [wichsuomivu], whichever, * whatsomeyef * (and 

ever, and whomsoever), * whosomever ' fwieh'- (and) w'.ih'suomivu], who- 

with added a) [waatsuomiv'u], whaiever. Also, in the case of the adverb 
however, * howsomever,' * howsomevers ' [oo**8uomivuz]. 

Personal compounds have a treatment which may be ezampled in — 

Myself [misie'l, misieTa]. 

Thyself [dhi8:e'l, dhisicn], the first yowel in each case changing to 

[aa'J under stress. 
One*S'Self [yaanzs:e*l, yaan2B:e*n]. 
Himself [izsie'l, iz8:e*nl. 
Themselves [dhus:e'lz, dhusre'nz]. 
For the demonstrative those, ' them ' [dhim*] is employed. 

The indefinite pronouns are, as a class, marked by peculiar pronun- 
ciations, as seen in — 

<Aher, [uod'Tir], forming [tid'nir] with the defl art preceding. 
any, [uon"i] ; 
none, [ni'h'n] ; 
aU, [yaal*]; 

cne another, [yaan* unid'mr], but as frequently with an increased 
idiom [yaan* tid''ur] ; 


8ucht [soa'k] ; 

* f one ' rte*n*n, ti'h'n, tao*n (rof.), a contraction of the one, * Tane 
truppd tither' [Te'h'n t'ruop* tid*air], the one tripped up tlie 
other. * T* ane ' is often contracted to ' ta ' [te*], aoquiiing [h*] 
before a consonant. 

With the second person sing^ular, most verbs, including the auxiliary, 
coalesce, and in this form are a marked feature of conversation, as in- 
terrogative forms. * Wilt-thou,' [wil'-tu] ; * mun-thou ' (must-thou), 
fmuontu] ; * does-thou,' [diz*-tu T; * munut-thou * (must you not), 
rmuon*ut-tu] ; * sanut-thou * (shall you not), [saan*ut-tuj ; * loves-thoo,' 
[luovz'-tu] ; * hears-thou,* [i'h'z-tu] ; * shifts-thou ' (shift you), [shifi*- 


Verbs following substantives plural in tne nominative case acquire i. 
' The most of them learns nought' [T me'h'st on' um* li'h'nz n:ao*wt]. 

Verbs following a pronoun singular have usually also a added. In 
the case of intransitivos, this is a rule without exception. ' I ganfis ' 
[Aa* gaanz'], I go. * I rests ' [Aa* rists*], I rest* Amon^ active 
auxiliaries, do and Ut likewise conibrm to this rule. The remainder of 
the verbs of this class do not. 

The following illustrations example the treatment, in the dialect, of 
an Active Verb which, according to ordinary usage^ is coi^jugated, 
acc4)rding to the * weak ' form. 


Singular, PitiraL 

'AtL' luovz*] [Wey luov J 

'Dhoo* luovz*] Yey luovj 

'Ey- luovz-] ^Dhe-h' ) ,„_.t 

^ ^ tDhi-h* \ 1^^^ 3 

When employed unomphatically, the pronouns have changed quanti- 
ties, in each case, and ma;^ be thus rendered, in order : fAa, dhuo, I, 
wu, yee, dhu]. The stress is with the verb, the vowel of whidi becomes 

Ua [uoz*] is also frequently employed incidentally, or in a fafnilimr 
strain of speech, in the first person smgular and plural in the several 
tenses of the indicative mood. 


Singular, Plural, 

'Aa* luovd*] [Wey luovd*] 

"Dhoo* luovd'] U^^y luovd'T 

'Ey luovd-] [Dhe-h' ) , , , 

^ -■ -T)),:.!,, luovd-] 

[Dhi'h' J 

^ Compare the Tcrbs which in Danish and Swedish are called * deponent ; ' e.g, 
blush ; Swed. jag gladjoiy I rejoice ;-~^e • being here not the 

Dan. jeg oluet^ I 

ordinary inflectional suffix, but short for 9%k or «i/, oneself. — ^W. W."S. 




[Aa'v luovd*] 
[Dlioo'z luovd*] 
[Eyz luovd*] 

"Wey V luovd'] 
*Yey*v luovd*] 


In each case where the (contracted) auxiliary verb is expressed, 
expression is optionaL Most speakers have a habit of omitting it, and 
it may be saia that, in practice, the perfect and imperfect tenses are 


Singular, Plural, 

"Weyd luovd^ 

"Yeyd luovd*'' 


■Dhi*h'd . , , T 

"Dhimd* {^or) \ ^^^^^'3 



[Aa'd luovd*] 
fl)hoo*dzt luovd*] 
[Eyd luovd*] 


[Aa* saal*] or [wil* luov*] 
[Dhoo* saal*] or [wil* luov*] 
[Ey* saal*] or [wil* luov] 


"WeysQ or rwey*l luov*] 
"Yey 'stj or Lyey*l luov] 
'Dhe-h'st ^ 
Dhe*h*l }-luov] 

The [st] and [sul] of the plural are really interchangeable forms of 
the auxilicuy, but the order coincides with their customary degree of 
usage in speech. [Corresponding to the Mid. Eng. tuld and mi, — 
W. t7. S.] 


Dhoo*l e luovd*] 
[Eyl e luovd*] 



[Lit* mey luov] 

fphoo* luov*] or [Luov* dhoo*] 

[Lit* im* luov] 


Tit* uoz* luov] 
]Yey luov*] or [Luov yey] 
'Lit* um* f i„^„.i 
When deprived of stress, the pronoun of the second person singular 
coalesces witn the verb [Luovstuj. The corresponding forms in the im> 
perative mood of strong verbs also conform to tnis rule. 

^cr pcaan' luov] 



Singular. Plural. 

Of the Towels [e*li'] and [i'li'], the first is the charaoteristicprontin- 
datioii ; the last being more general northward. Man^ Mid- Yorkshire 
people, however, allow the last yowel ^reat preponderaUon in their talk. 

The stress bemg shared by the auxiliary in the tense last exampled, 
it is deemed important to note that, under such circumstance, « is fre- 
quently added, and [me'h\ mi'h'^ may at all times interchange with 
[me'h'z, mi'h'z] witii perfect propriety. 

Singular, Plurak 

[Aa* muod'i kuod', waad*,] or [sued* [Wey muod*, kuod% waad',] or 

luov'] [suod' luov] 

[Dhoo* muodst*, kuodst*, waadst*,] [ley muod', kuod*, waad*,] or 

or [suodst* luov] [suod* luov] 

[Ey* muod', kuod', waad',] or [suod* [Dne'h* ) muod', kuod', waad*,] or 

luov] [Dhim' j [suod' luov] 

Many old people are in the habit of employmg [ih'], sometmies lon^, 
but usually shoit, for the Yowel in should. The exampled one [uo] is 
general to the county, and is heard, too, when the construction of the 
verb is altered, as in the south-west, where the retention of the liquid 
[suold*] is a peculiarity. 

' Mought [maowt], for mighty is also heard, at times, in the second 
and third persons singular and pluraL 

The aboye remarks have an equal application to the corresponding 
forms in the pluperfect tense. 

Singular, Flural, 

[Dhi'h* me'h'z] l or [kaanz* 



The pronoxms of the third person smgular and the first and second 
persons plural have fee'] for their most nstial Towel, and the ezampled 
one is but introduced to preserve a desirable uniformity wherever pos- 
sible. In this tense, as also in the present tense of ^e verb, the yowel 
of the auxiliary only becomes [^chH and [i*h'] when marked by stress or 
emphasis. At other times, it is [uj. 

Singular, Flural. 

[Aa* muod*, kuod% waad',J or [sued* [Wey muod*, kuod% waad%] or 

e luovd*] [suod* e luovd*] 

[Dhoo* muodst', kuodst*, waadst*,] [xey muod% kuodv waad*,] or 

or [suodst* e luovd'] [suod* e luovd*] 

[Ey muod', kuod% waad',] or [sued* [Dhe'h' ) muod', kuod', waad'J 

e luovd] [Dhim' ) or [sued* e luovd'] 



Singular, JPlural, 

rif' Aa' luovz'] Of' wey luov] 

uf' dhoo' luovz'] rlf' yey luov'T 

(dheh'), T 
[If' ey luovz-] [If \ dhi'h' ( "^^^'-^ 

( dhim* luovz'] 
' An ' [un*, aan'] is a form of conjunction much in use, but is not 
employed when the stress lies on the following word. 'Gif' [gif'J is 
also used, xmder tiie same condition, but is rarely heard as an initial 
word, in which position ' an ' is at all times readily placed. 


Pruent, Ferfeet. 

[Ti'h' luov] [Tuv e- luovd'] 

The rendering of the present of to ([ti'h']) is as when marked by 
stress, or emphasis. When the stress or emphasis is with the verb alone 
[tu] is the pronunciation. 

JPretmt, Perfect, Compound Ferfid^ 

[Luovan] ^uovu'n] [Bvin luovu'n] 

[Luovd'] [Evin luovd*] 



Singular. Flural. 

[Aa- raa'ts] fWey raa-t] 

[Dhoo- raa'ts] [Yey raa'tj 


Singular. Flttrmi, 

In fhe rofined phase, tlie yerb is [reyts], in the seyeral penoiiB, in 
both fhe lingular and pluraL 

Singular, Plural, 

[Aa- re-h't] 
[Dhoo- re-h't] 
[Ey re-h't] 

"Wey reh't] 
Tey le-htj 

!>»«*} re-h't] 

Dhim- , 
There is an equal interchange of [i'h*] with the yowel of the yerb. 

In fhe refined phaM, the yerb, in both singular and plural, is [ract]. 




[Ti-h' raa-tl 
Frtsmt Participle, Perfect Participle, 

[Raa-tin] [BitVn] 

[Euot'u'n] is an occasional form of the perfect participle. 

The conjugation of the strong verbs is associated with a yaried 
change of yowel, and of participial endings. To deal with these satis- 
factorily, they must bo dealt with singly. The following list of yerbs, 
comprising all, or nearly all, the simple ones that are strong in received 
speech, have their manner of conjugation in the dialect shown. The 
chief of the common dofectiye verbs, and several characteristio weak 
verbs, are also included ; together with several words peculiar to the 
dialect, being either equivalents, or of use in showing the assimilative 
character of such forms. The list has not been encumbered with these 
last words, which, to assist the eye, are given in small capitals.^ 

Whore pronunciations are more than one, they are severally placed 
in the order of their habitual use, though in many cases a form has not 
been placed without hesitation ; one being almost if not equally as 
much used as another. 

When N. follows a verb, it is meant that the pronunciation given is 
peculiar to Lower Nidderdale. All else are Mid- Yorkshire proniinciations. 

The abbreviation ref. vn\l be understood as referring to the peasants' 
refined phase of dialect. 


1 This list should be compared with that in Dr Morris's Ilistorical Outlines ot 
English Accidence, pp. 287 — 313. It is hardly necessary to ohserre that a large 
number of the fomis here treated as diulectal are actually found in Early English 
^ISS. For example, six references are given in Grein's A.S. Dictionary to pas- 
sages in which brungun occurs as the past participle of bringan, to bring. — W. W. S. 



Verb {pre*.). 


Pott Tente, 

Terf, Tart. 

[BeV-d] [Baod-u'nl 

[Baod-l 'Bid-u'nl 

rBaad-l [BuodTi^n] 

The [ao] also gives place to [o], in ooth the past and the participle 



[Iz-] re/ 


[Waaz*] rtf. 

|Beyn*] rtf. 


[WaakTi'n] ^ ^ ^ 

The peasants' re/, takes [e*h'] for tte first vowel in the various parts ; 
the market-town rtf, [ai*]. 

Bear (to bring [Bi'h'r] 
forth; to carry) 

Beat (to vaA- [Bi-h'r] 
quish, or over- 





Bend {yotak) 








"Bigiwn-J N. 


[Bri-h'd] (occa- 


"Bigiwn-J N. 




[Biseycht'l re/ ^iseycht-J re/ 

rBisey-ch] re/ ^ ^ „, 

Also [bisi'k], in the present. Some employ [bisey-kj, but this lorm, 
though not resmcted to refined speech, is looked upon as belonging to it. 



Bio (to build) [Big-] 
Bind [Bind] 











In N. the substantive has a vowel-change [bliwd-]. 
Bless {wtak) [Blis-] [Blist*] 








r«wi (prei,). Dialect form, Faat Ttmt. Twf. FuH. 

In the present of the verb, [h'] is added in pause, and, by mle, before 
a consonant. In the past, the last foirn is, too, only employed before a 

Break [Brek-J raraak-] [Brok-u'n] 

[Brik-J [Brok-] 

Breed [Brih'-d] [Brid-l [Brid-n'n] 

[Bred-] jBred-n'n] 

In N. the sabstantive is subject to a yowel-change [briwdj. 


Build (yoeaJc) 







In the present, [o] is frequently the vowel. 


Buy {weak) 



Catch {weak) 










[Kiwd-] N. 








[Kiwd-] N. 



Not used in the sense of receiying anything thrown. See Kep. 

Chide rCliaa-d] [Cho'h'd] [Chid-u'n^ 

Very seldom used in the present; there boins several words m the 
dialect which approach to the meaning of this verb. 



[Chiwz-] N. 

Clao {weak^iQ [Tlaag*] 

Cleave (to split) [Tli-h'v] 

For cleave, to adhere, see Claq. 

QiACK(w€ak-\xi [Tlik-] 

Cum (to dimb) [Tlim-] 

[Tleym-] re/. 


[Chiwzd-l N. 
[Chiwz-] N. 




'Tleymd] ref. 

[Chiwz-u'n] N, 

[Tlaagd-] ' 




[Tleymd-] ref. 



Verb (pres.). Dialect form. Past Tente. Per/. Part. 

[aa*] interchanges ml^ fhe Yowel in [tlim*], but [i] is most charac- 

Cling . [Tling-] [Tlaang-] [Tluong*] 

Clothe [Tle-h'dh] FTle-h'dhd] [Tluodh'-u'n] 

[Tlaad-] raaad'] 





The present of the verb has very often a long yowel, as is frequently 
the case with the participle. 






^Kuost*] [Kuost-] fKuosoi'n] 

The last form is constantly used by some old people. 

Crow [Ejao-] [Kriw] fKrao-h'n] 

In the present, there is the usual final element [h^ before a con- 






.aors'l [Kaost*] [KaosVu] 

minors'' [Kuost'J [Kaost'] 

In the present, tne r is often distinctly trilled. At ouier times, there 
is DO trace of the letter, eyen in emphasis. 

Cut [Knot-] [Knot-] 

Dare (to yen- p)aa'r] [Dost*] 

ture) Daa'st] 

Some old people employ [dih''st] in the past. 

Dare {weak — to [Daa'r] [Daa'd] 

The r of the participle is often lost [da&*n], and tliat of ihe yerbi 
though heard more frequently, is yet only a permissible letter. 




Deal {fveak) [Di-h'l] 





[Diw] N. 









wn-J N. 

Do, like other words, only acquires its final element m pause, or be- 
fore a consonant It is through excess of usage in these positions that 
[h*] is instinctiyely added to tms and other simple yerbs. 

Draw [D'raoh'] [D'riw] [Drao'h'n] 

Dread (ti«wJk) [D'rid-] [D'ridid] [D'rid-u'n] 



Vert (prvL). J>imit€ifwwu Pfat Tfuar, Tinf. iWl 

[DYi-h'd] (prai), [D'xiii'didj (put), rDdii'dii^] (put.) are also 
heara, bat are not chaiactprirtir. 

(wnk) [IXnr] 






rp'iaangk-] [D'nKiTi'n] 

DwqII {weak) [Dwfl-] 
Very tardy naed in c uuie iaatkHL. 





Feed (i00ai;) 

Feel (weak) 












iMwm'n] N. 





[Faa-nd] ref. 
Strictly, these are not to be xe( 




[Foo-nJ re/1 
'ed as refined fonns, but as Ifisi 




[Foo-nd] rtf. 

used common ones ; the recognised refined ones being 

[Peynd-] (pree.) [IJ--^^] j (past) ^--^3 j (part) 
The past and the part, have a yet more refined character in [£Eurgnid*] 

Flee [Flee-] 

Flio (weah—io [Flig-] 

FuTB (to scold) [Flaa-t] 



Flit (to change [Flit-] 

habitation) ^ j ^^ ._^. ^ 

[Fluot*] is occasionally heard in the present, but is not an established 
tmm in oonyersation. 













Virb {pr$t.). 

Fast Tense, 


The last form of the present is very casual. 

Forsake [Fusi'h^] [Fusi-h'k] 

[Fuse-hit] [Fusaakg 


The vowel of the prefix interchanges with [ao]. 



Gild {weak) 







Perf, Part 

;Flih»-n] • 





[Get-u'n] ref. 


* Gold ' [Goold*] is also used in the same sense, with [gool'did] as the 
past, and [good-u'n] as the participle. 

Gird TGurt-l [Gur-did] [Gur'dun] 

[Guord*] [Guort-] [GKior-dun] 


Give [Gi-] [Gaav] [Gi-n] 

[Gi-hvl ref. "Gin-] 

[Ge-h'vJ ref, [Gih'-n] 

In the present, the vowel is often long even when employed con- 
nectedly in speech, but when this is the case a consonant follows. The 
use of the vowel in extreme length or shortness in the participle is 
remarkable in conversation. 

Go [Gaangg-] [Gaang-d] [Gte-h'n] 

"Gaann [Gaand-] [G:i-h'n1 

"Ge-hn [Wint-] 


In the past [ge'h'd] and [g:i'h'd] are of very casual occurrence. They 
are hardly recognisea The present participle is singularly varied in 
pronimciation [gaa-in (and) gaayn]. 

Ghrave [Gri-h'v] 


Gbbet (to weep) [Greet*] 


The two last forms of the past are much less employed than the two first. 

Ghind rGruond*] 





[GraohT rtf. 








|Graoh'-n] rrf* 





r^r^ {pna,)» Dialect f^rm. I'M Term. 

Hang (to exe- [Aang*] 

Hang (used of [Ing*] [Aang'T 

thiogs) [UongJ 

Have [Ev] [Ed-] [Ed-] 

[Ae-] [Aad-] [Aad*] 

The nee of the last past and participial forms is distmctiye of rural 


























Some speakers (old people) invariably substitute [uo] for [ao] 

Keep [Keep-] [Kept] 

Kep (to catch, [Kep-] pCept] 

or receive) [Kip'] L^P^J 

Kneel [Nae-1] 


There is also a substitution of [ih'-J for the voweL 

Knit [Nit-] [Nit-id] 

raet-] [Net-id] 

The last vowel is nabitually heard among old people. 








Lead [Li-h'd] [Lid-] 

Leave [Li-h'v] [Lift*] 

Lend [•'^l [J^*' 

[Len-J Xent* 

Some people invariably employ the last form of the past. 









[Le-h'nJ re/ 





XXXV 11 

Verb (prn,). 

Dialect farm, 


Bfi'f. Part. 

Pa*t Tense. 


Lie FLig] [Ligd-] [Lig-u'n] 

[Li'h'n] and [le'lrn] re/., are occasioiial participial forms. 

Light E'®®^'] P^*'J 

fLaa-tJ re/. [Mt'j 

The last form of the past is not often heard. 


Load [Le-h'd] 

Lose [Los*] 


jUoh'*z] re/. 
Lowp (to leap) [Laowp*] 








[Leh'p] in the present, [lip*] in the past, with [lipt*] as the partici- 
ple, are casual forms, among old people. 

Lowz (to loose) 












Me-h'd] re/. 





[Me*h'd] re/. 


[Me-h'] . . . ^ u. . 

[Maowt*] is also used in the past, by individuals speakingthe dialect 
broadly. Tne vowel in [muod] (past) is often heard long. When short, 
and associated with an unemphatic delivery, the mute becomes sharp, 
but, in pause, not to the extent of a well-defined t. 

Mean [Mi-h'n] [Mi*h'nd] [Mi*h'nd] 

[Mi-yu'n] [Mi'-h'nt] [Mi-h'nt] 

Meet [Meet-] [Met'] rMet*u*n] 

[Meyi;]re/. ^ [Mit'] [Mifu'n] 

[ih'*] IS often heard for the vowel in the present among mannered old 

Mow [Mao'h*] [Miw] [Mao*h'n] 

Must [Muon*] [Muod*] [Muod*] 

In the past of this verb, too, the last letter has often the t sound. 
See May. Li the present, as well as the past, the vowel is at times heard 
long. In running, unemphatic conversation the [uo] is displaced by [u]. 

Pay [Pe*h'] [Pe*h'd] [Pe*h*d] 

[Pih'*d] [Pe-h'n] 

The short vowel in the past, where its accompan3ring form is long, 
is a singularity. But the form [pih'*d], being more associated wim 
quaint speech, and least heard, is, as indicated, got rid of quickly, in 
many positions* The vowel [e] in the several forms is also sometimes 
heard short 

Pen [Pin*] [Pind] [Pind*] 

Head [PH*h'd] [PHd-l [PHd*u'n] 



Verb {pres,). 

IHuleei firm. 



[ PriwY-J N. 







Red (to unravel; 
to unriddle) 






[PriwvTi'n] N. 





A word that does not belong to the dialect, but may be heard at 
chance times in refined speech. Rive and Tear are used in its stead. 
See these verbs. 

Rid [Rid] [Red] [Ridni'n] 

Ride [Raa-d] [Re'h'd] [Ridni'n] 

[Ruod'u^n] is sometimes heard for the participle among old people. 

Ring [Ringg-] [Raangg] [Ruongg-] 

Rise [Raa-z] [?e-h'z] [Riz-u'n] 

Pa&t Tmm, 

[Priwvd-] N. 







There is always a disposition among old people to sound [uo] for the 
[i] in the participle. The habit is a pronounced one on the part of in- 




The three participial forms are in strictly equal use. The verb is 

much used, and in broad dialect takes the place of teuTy as well as of 








[SaeyJ r^, 






After the pronoun of the 








person, the verb has $ added very fire- 



'Saeyk] ref. 

Seethe [Sih'-dhJ [Sih'-dhd] [Suodh-u'n] 

Not much used, there bemg an equivalent in Sxttheb. See, 



Verb {jfrt$.y, 




P0tt Tnm. 



Per/. Fart. 



[Sind-] [Sint-l [Sinf] 

[Send-] [Sent-] [Sent-] 

In dialect speech, the fiinal <f 8 are naturally lost before a consonant. 

Sew [Saow] [Siw] rSaownj 


Set rSit-1 [Set-] 





In this word [ih'*] and [eh'*] are accounted refined ; the last most so. 

ShaU [Saal-] [Suod-] 


Shape [Shaap*] [Shaapt*] 

The note on ' Shake' applies equally to tnis verb. 
















'Shuo-h^n] ref. 





'Shao'] re/, 
;Shiw] N. 

[Shiwd-] N. 




















[Shiwn-] N. 










Verb {pres.). 




Dialect form, 


[Sleyp-J ref. 




Slit [Slet-] 

Smit (to infect) [Smit*] 

Past Tnm. 








Jntrj, zVTf. 








To SMITTLE [smit'ul] is also a verb with the like meaning ; ([smitTild] 
p. t., and per£, part) ; but the form is more characteristic of southern 

Smite [Sm:aa-t] [Sme'h't] [Smit'u'n] 

Not much used, nor is the vowel in the present ever long. 

Snow [Snao-h*] [Sniw] [Snao'h'n] 

In the present and participle, [i*h*J is employed occasionally by old 

Sow [Sao-h'] [Siw] [Sao-h'n] 

It may again be repeated, that the final element in the present of 
the verb is, in conversation, lost before a vowel ; and the only value of 
the symbol in place here is to indicate its proportionate, accidental use. 

Speak .[Spi-h^] [Spaak-l [Spok-u'n] 

[Spe-h'k] ref, [Spuok'u'n] 

Speed [Spi-h'd] [Spid-] [Spid'u'n] 

Speldek (to [Spel-d'ur] [Spel'd'ud] [Spel-dHid] 

Spell is also in use, ([spel*] pres., [speld*] p. t., [spelt*] part, perf.) 

Spend [Spind-] [Spinf] [Spint'] 

The vowel is in some interchange with [e]. For to expend, another 
verb is usually employed. See Wabb. 










[Spuot* J (casual) 














JHaUet form^ 




Fast Teme. 


[Stiwd-] N. 




Also without initial a in me present and past of the verb. 

P<fr/. PaH. 

'Stuodii'nj rf/l 
;Stiwd-u'n-] N. 


;Stik-u'n] re/. 









The past forms of the verb are in equal use. 





;Sf riwk-] N. 






[Sfriwn-] N. 





b'riwv] N. 


[Sfriwv-u'n] N. 

fSt'roY'l is also in some use in the past, as is [st'ruoy], to a less ex- 
, but this latter form is accounted refined. 

' Suit (to please ; [SihHl 
to satLrfy; to [SiwtJ 
fit, or adapt 





(to [Suod'nir] 

[SwaaT] N. 



[Swu-r] (re/.) 

[Swaa*r] N. 






'Swu-n] (re/.) 
(more re/.) 

ESwaa-n] N. 
Swaa*ru'n] N. 





Verb ipres.). 



Past Tenu. 


rSwaap'] (casaal) 
The last participle is an occasional form. 

-ftrf. Bart, 




With some speakers, there is a 
Yowel [i] in the past. 

Swim [Swim'] 

[Sweld-] rSweld-] 

[Swno-hlun] rf, 

constant inclination to make the 











When [eh'] and [ih*] are in interchange, there is a constant want of 
oorresponoence in the quantity of the vowels. While [eh'] isinTariablv 
sounded long, the tendency is to make [ih'l a medial, or a short ToweL 
When old peojple wish to employ as renned a pronunciation as is possi- 
ble to them, with their in&;ramed habit of speech, they have recourse to 
[ti'h'k] in the present. Under the same circumstances, younger people 
employ [te'h'kj. The verb is conjugated with a added in the first and 
second persons sing., present tense, [Aa* taaks*, Dhoo* taaks*], &c. 

Teach (u;edfe) [Ti'h'ch] [Taowt'] [Taowt*] 

Tear [Ti-h'r] [Te-h'r] [Tao-h'n] 

[Tao-h'r] rtf, [Tu-r] re/. [Tutn] re/. 

In the pros, refined, the yowel is often without the final element In 
common speech there is in the participle a distinct interchange of the 
yowel witia [uo*], 

TeU (weak) [Til-] [Tild'] 

Thaw [Thaow] [Thaowd*] 






The last form is less employed participiiuly than in the pas^ in 
which tense it is of constant occurrence. 

Thrash (M;eaJfe) [Thresh-] [Thresht-] [Threeht*] 

'Thrish-] [Thrishf] 

In the participle, [ij is sometimes the yowel, but the yery usual one 
is [o]. Southward, this is the yowel in all the parts ; [aa] being charao- 
tenstic of northom dialect. 


iThridu'nJ re/. 

Indiyidual old people persist in employing [thraay*] m the past, with 


[Thrid-] re/. 


[Thrid-] re/. 

Thriwy-] N. 



an oocaskmal use of [thraay'u'n] as the participle. Locally, this habit 
is regarded as an eccentricity. 

Virb {pret.). 

Dialect form, 


Fast Teme. 

^ ^ t consonant. 







[T'rid-] re/. 

Trid-id] re/. 

Ferf. Fart. 






There are other refined forms. [T ruo'h'd] is employed in the past 
as a refined form by both old and young among the peasantry ; and 
[trao'd] is employed in the past in the refined dialect cnaractenstio of 
the market-towns. 





1?'reh'i;J (casual) Trd-hVn] 
Tri-htid] [T'r:i-h'tid] 

These various forms are aU employed conversationally. 



Ware (to ex- fWe-h'r] 
pend) fWaa-r] N. 


[Waesh-] re/. 




[Waa-d] N. 

[Waesht-] re/. 


"Waa-d] N. 
>'aa-ru'n] N. 

[Waesht-] re/ 

WsiT,(v,a.weak) [Waaks-] [Waakst"! fWaakst-] 

In a neuter sense, the participle may also be formed by the usual 
addition of en to the verb [waaks'u'n]. 

Wear [Wi-h*r] t^^'^y I3^'^'°J. 

[Waa-rJ N.^ [Waa-n] N. 

There is also a distinct interchange of [uo'] with [ao-J in the partici- 
ple, and, in charactered speech, the former vowel is invariably alone 
heard in such words as the one exampled. 

Weave [Wi-h*v] [We'h'v] [Wuovu'n] 

fWuo-hV] re/. [Wovu'n] 


Weep [Wep-] 

This is the usual form of the past of this verb, 
equivadent in 'roar' [ruo'h'r]. 

Wet rWeet-] [Weet-id] 

[Wit-] [Wit-id] 

[Wef] [Wet-id] 

Wev'u'n] (cas.) 

TTeep has its dialect 




The forms are in the order of their commonest use. [Waat'], in the 
past, is also occasionally heard. 

Verb {pres.). 
Will {weak) 

Dialect form. 


^Vaeyl*] ref. 
The verb is also further refined in [weyl*]. 

Fast Tense. 



Wish {weak) 


[Waa-nd] ref, 

[Weysn*] ref. 


Waan'J . 
[Woond'J ref. 

[Weysht*] ref. 

Ttrf, Fori, 


^oond-J ref. 

[Weysht-] ref. 

Certain individuals, amongst the most old-fashioned in manners, 
occasionally substitute [uo] for [i]. Before and after a pronoun, the 
participle may also be [wish-u'nl A peculiarity of rural dialect ia that 
in the first person singiilar of the present tense the verb takes es — ' I 
-wishes * [Aa- wish'iz]. The vowel of the pronoun may also be short. 

Work (weak) 

[Waork-] ref. 


*Waokt-1 ref. 


[Waokt-J ref. 

Although nearly always heard in the refined form of the present^ the 
" h( " " ' 

r is rarely heard either in the past or the participle. 


Wot (to have 
knowledge of) 




[Eeyt-] ref 





Eao-t] ref. 







[Eet-u'n] ref. 

In the foregoing list of verbs, the following ought also to have been 
distinguished as weak ones : — 
























It may be sufficient to remark generally of verbs of this character, 
that, in their unemphatic forms, whether full or contracted, in any 
degree, the quantity of the pronominal vowel is dependent upon stress. 
If this is acquired by the auxiliary, then the vowel is long ; out if it is 
only upon a following ordinary verb, it is short. 




'Aar iz'] C [Aa* iz*] 

'Dhoo* iz'l re/. < [Dhuw* iz* 
[Br iz-] ( L:E-y iz-] 



Wey aa*r] ( fWey u'r] 
Yey aa-r] - ) "Yuw u"rj 
Dh:e- aa-r] ^*-'- ) "Dh:e- vltI 

[Dhim' iz*] f [Dhem* iz*] 
For the first j>erson plural, *we 's* [wiz*] is in fre(][uent use, in 
familiar conversation. The verb is never fully sounded, in connection 
with the pronoun, but on all occasions coalesces with it. 




[Aa" waar*] 

[Aa'waaz] [Wey] or [wih** 


'[Wey waaz'] 

[Dhoo* waar*] ref, j [Dhuw waaz*] [Yey waar*] ^y J PYuw* waaz*] 

[Ey waar*] 


he* waaz'] 
hem* waaz*] 

In unemphatic character, the vowel of the verb in the vulgar phase 
also changes to [u]. 

In the same phase, the vowel of the pronoun, first person plural, in- 
variably tends to [ih**] when a consonant follows. 

[Tu bi*h'] {[Tu bey] ref. 


[Tu e* bin*] {[Tu e* beyn] ref. 

Pretmi Participle, 
[Bi-h'n] {[Beyn] ref. 

Perfect Participle. 

Compound Perfect. 
[Evin bi-h'n] {[Uvin beyn] rtf. 







m:i-h', m-.i'li'z] rv«^. i mii'li*, mri'h'zj 

l^^y \ me-h', me-h'zf 


The foiins sot forth are equally common. 

TAo. 5 ni-i*li'» m:i'h'z] 
L^ \ me-h\ meh'zj 

rDhoo- \ °^'^*^'' m:i-h'z] 

P^ < m:i-h', mri'h'z] 
L-^^y ( mo-h', mo-h'z] 


gaau% ef't'u yaal']. This form is considered somewhat refined. 



TAo. ^ muod-] 
^^ \ muodz-l 

ii muoa*] 
[Dhoo* < muodz'l 
( maowt* J 


i muod'] 
[Yey < muodz'l 
( maowt'J 

[DhTm' I ™^^^'» muodz-, maowt'] 

( maowt'] 

Interrogatively, the verb and pronoun of the three persons, singular 
and plural, coalesce. This is a nile applying to most verbs, auxuiary 
or otherwise. When in this character, the i(uom is chiefly apparent in 
the second person singular, as in the above case, the pronoun oecoming 
the contraction [tu] — [muod'tu, muodz'tu, maowt'tuj. 




L^* (kaanz-] 

i kaau'] 
[Dhoo* < kaanz'] 

(kaanst*] (occ.) 

[Ey j ^^^^'^ 



L J I kaanz'] (occ.) 
Dhim- ) ^^^^ ] 




L*^'' (kuodz] 

nvor { £1^3 


Singular, Flural, 

Sinptlar, Plural. 

P^jmuon-l p^ (rnuon] 

*- I muonz*] ■- ^ I muonz'J 

( muon*] ( muon*] 

[Dhoo* < muonz*] [Yey* < muonz*] 

(muotr] (muot'] 

( muon'] C muon*] 

[Ey < muonz*] [Dhe*li', dhim* < muonz*] 

(muot*] (muot*l 

WHen the verb alone has stress [aoh**] is a frequent yowel, but in 
this case final $ is not heard. 

The negative forms are [muon'ut] and [min*ut]. 


SinpUar, Flural, ^ 

Aa* ev*] [Wey* ev] 

Dhoo* ez*] CY©y ©▼*] 

^Ey* ez*] [Dhe* ev*J 

Besides the oommon negative ' havnH ' [evu'ntj, there is an additional 
form in ' ha'nut ' [en*ut]. ' Ha' * [e], long and short, as a contraction 
of Aave, is in common use before other words. ' I has ' [Aa* ez*] is also 
frequenUy heard, for the first person singular. Some people constanUy 
affect this form, and employ ' hasnt * [Aa* ez*u'nt] for the negative. 

8ingtdar» Flural, 

f aadst*! t tJk "y 

The second vowel [aa] is distinctive of rural dialect, beine oommon 
to this, and quite unheard in town dialect, as a constituent of the verb 







Present Participle, 

Perfect Participle, 






'AsL- saal*] [Wey saal*] 

[Dhoo* saal] ^Yey saal'T 

[Ey saal-] [Dlie-li' saal*] 

The negative forms are several, namely, [saal-utl, [saal-nnt], [8aa-nt]» 
[saanii], and fsaan'ut], the two last being essentially the most charac- 
teristic of runu dialect. [Saan'u], however, is but an occasional form. 
These forms, further coalescing with pronouns, constitute set phrases 
which are very convenient to uie reticent, inasmuch as they may take 
the place of direct responses in conversation. When the verb, or the 
verb and pronoun together are unemphatic, the form contracts to <<, 
and, as frequently, to «, in both the vulgar [yey*s, (e. g,)] and the refined 
[yaow's (e, g,)'] phases alike. 




rWev ^fifi. Jsuod-, 8uodz-,8uodzt-l 
LWey , wee | 8:i.vd,8ih'-dz,8ih'-dzt1 
pr;. ( sued*, suodz*, suodzt'T 

L ^ ey S yee- 1 g.^.j^,^^ sih^-dz, mh'-dztj 

n?«. ^. i suod*, suodz*, suodzt-] 1-^1 ., , J suod*, suodz-, suodzt*] 
Li^y , ee I g...j^,^^ g^,.^^ sih'-dzt] ^^^^ ^ \ s:i-h'd, sih'-dz, sih'-dzt] 

FAo. 5 suod*, suodz', suodzt'] 
^^^ I s:i-h'd, sih'-dz, sih'-dzt] 
r-rxi _^. j suod*, suodz*, suodzt*] 
Lunoo I g...j^,^^ sih'-dz, sih'-dzt] 




r\ J^l-] 
t^^^ 1 Wilz-l 




[Dhoo- j ^l 
[Ey j ^''^ 

[Wey j ^-l 


wilz-] ^^^^■'^' \ S?] 

The negative forms have a correspondence with those of ahaU^ and 
are [wil'utj, [wil'unt], [wi-h'nt], [win-u], and [win-ut], the first and the 
two last being most in use. 

In both a simple and a compound relation, the [i] gives place to 
[ae*] in the refined phase of the dialect. 









[Dheh.. dhhn- { ^.^ 



Singular, ' 


[Aa'-| diz'] 


m \ ^-^^ 

^^y; j di-h'] 

* Duv * [duov] is also heard in connection with the first and second 
persons pliiral^ but only very occasionally. 


Ist Person 

GLhe negative forms are as follows : 








( rdiz-u*nt] 
2nd Person < [dih'-zu*nt] 


3rd Person 









, 'divu'nt] 
They, and not themy is the usual pronoun oefore a negative. 
The imperative forms of the negative are [di'h'nt], [duon'ut], and 

Interrogatively, and suasively, the pronoun, and not the adverb, is 
last in order. [l5uov*u'nt Aa* ?], Do I not P [Duon'ut tu I], Don't thou 
(you) ! 


L-^ |didz-] 

[Ey \ ^d-] 


rrev \ '"•^■3 

L'^y Ididz-] 

didz-1 ^^--^^ 1 S] 

In all cases, when there is a shift of stress from one word to another, 



there is a diminislied and, often, an entirely changed yowel-fiound. In 
the present case, if the stress laid with the verbs, the value of the pro- 
nouns, singular and plural, would be respectively, [Aa, dhuo, e, ee (or) 
ee*, wu, yee*, dhu]. 

The refined form of the vowel of the verb is [ae*]. 



Fretmt Participle, 

[T:u- di-h'] 

I^fiet Participle^ 





Already 9 






















Soon ; in a little time 

* Which is the soonwardeut gate ? ' [Wich* iz* t si'h'nudzizt gih'*t P], 
Which is the nearest way ? 



Alway%er (comp.) 

Altoayaest (superl.) 


O/tenHT (comp.) 

0/teMeat (superL) 



rinoo'] ) 

rlnioo'h'dz] ) 
fUtwd'h'nwaa* *lz] 








Soon ; by and by 

Betweenwhile ; in 

mean time 
The more always 
The most always 



[Me-h'stliz] _ 
In town dialect, with a particular reference to that of the Leeds dis- 
trict, the affix * lings ' is a general adverbial form for most derivatives. 

Sin [Sin-] Since 

Laidya 'Ld'h'tHz] Lately 

To now [Tu noo'J Until now 

FarmerlyB [Fumuliz] Formerly 

NtvtTB I^Nivuz] Never 

The « is also an occasional addition to ever. 


Often preceded by at 



Eventually ; in the end 








'Waa-lz] ) 
"Waalflt] J 













Here; in dose proximity 
Suom'wi"Vz] Bomewhere 

[Neh''wi"h'z] ^ Nowhere 

Aon'-(and)uoniwi"h'z] Anywhere 

ri-h'wi-h'z] " 


The last two are occasional forma 


Thereby (and with 

a [z] added) 

( [XJboo'nudz] ) 
\ ;Ub:rh;nudz] ] 





(and) Some way, or, where 



[Ne*h'gut8(and)-gih'ts] No way, or, 

Also [noh**g:ih*ts] 

fAon*-(and)uon*ig:ih'ts] Anyway 
Yaal'giih'ts] All ways; or, in every 


The last four forms are also heard without the final «, but not so com- 













Away a 















"Wuoh'r] ) 

^Uo-h'r] \ 




"Tiv (and) tih'-v] 



[Frev (and) friv] 

[Fre*] (and with added 
[h'j before a con- 











Opposite before 












1 Amongst 


Wefl rWee-1 (and) wae-1] Well 

Thuawards [Thuos'udz] Thus 

Surely a [Siwh'liz] Surely 

A great proportion of the adverbs ending in ly take ' « ' additionallj, 
and some few * inga * [ingz*]. 

Yamoat [Yaam'ust] Almost 

Hardly a 'Aa'dliz (and) e:li''dliz] Hardly, scarcely 

Varra [^aar'u] Very 

As an isolated affirmative, the word often takes * a ' additionally. 

Nought hut 
Nought huta 
Nought bud 
Nought huda 









'liz] Nearly 

'Fo-h'l Quite 

'Wil-inz] WiUingly 

Ile-h'dhuz] Rather 

T* ginner o' t' two ' [T gin'ur \iV twi'h'], * The ratherest of the two'— 
a peasant's rendering of the phi-ase ; — i. e. the best of the two ; but the 
word is not by rule permissible at the end of a sentence, as is * ratherest' 









"Laa-l] i 
'Lau-tu'll ( 




No douhtinga 


Why a 

\nd '^'ith initial y 

And with initial y 


[Aa*, Aa'v, (and the Yes 

refined forms [Ae'y, 

aoy, o-y, oy*]) 

'Aa-y, Ao'y, E'j'] 
"AVaa'yu, (and) waay'u 


;Aap-u;n] ) 
[Aap'u nz] ) 
supplanting h in the last two forms. 

[Bllaa-ks] Probably 

[Aap-chaans] Poichance 

in place of h. The word is usually preceded by by [bi] 


Doubtless, undoubtedly 


Well (in assent). 




"Waaf fur-] 


Whither (occ.) 

' On ' is in occaaioiial use for of, chiefly before personal pronouns, 
but is not a distinctive form, the common one bein^ L^'^']* ^^ is ' on ' 
habitually abbreviated, as in town dialect, in which the consonant is 
usually subjected to elision. In rural dialect, of [uy] is also frequently 
employed for on. * He is of horseback ' [Iz* uy* aos'baak]. * One must 
not depend of him ' [Yaan* muon'ut dipin'd uv im*]. 
Other peculiar forms are, — 
Again [Ugi'h'n] Against 

Tuv 'Tuov] ) 

Til Til-] I ^^ 

Te [Ti-] ) 

These are emj>lojed before words beginning with vowels. When a 
consonant is the initial letter, [tu] is resorted to. The first two forms 
make an exception of initial t in the definite article. 

Intuv pn-tuv (and) in-tuov] ) 

Intiv 'In -tiv] ( t a 

Intil [Intul] ( ^*^- 

Inte [In'ti] ) 

These forms also precede words beginning with vowels; the first 
form being occasionally heard before t, generaUy as the initial letter of 
the definite article. The last form is so heard, also. The usual one 
before consonants is [in'tu]. 

Until rUon-tu'l] Unto 

Biv [Biv] By 

Bigorously employed before a vowel, and frequently before words 
with initial U 


Tuovnid] ) 
Tivud] f 
'Tiludf I 
■T:i-h'd] ) 

Towards, toward 


And with added « ([z]), in each case. 

Frev rFrev] 

Friv [FrivJ 

Fra [Fre-] 

Frnv Fruov] 

The last form is employed in tlie past tense, before a vowel. The rest 
of the forms are in excessive use, and are feimiliar to the ear in every 
position. The two first, however, are those chiefly used before vowels. 
* Fra ' [fre*] is quite as frequently heard before words beginning with a 
vowel, as before those beginning with a consonant, and, in respect of 
these last, with the addition of the final element [h'']. 

Frevard FFrevud] ^ *Fromward,' away from, 

Frivard LFrivudJ > — in antithesis with 

Fruvard [Fruovud] ) 

And with added « ([z]), m each case. 






E:Ao-wh', ao-F (r«/.)] Over 
n:o*iid*u (and often) Under 

rrhruof-] ) 

[Thre] (and with [h'] \ Through 
before a consonant) i 
Of deriyed prepositions, those which in ordinary speech are formed 
by employing the prefix be, in dialect speech employ ' a ' for the puzpoee, 
as in tne following : — 

rCTfao-h'r] Before 

;U-int-] Behind 

•uSS i Between 

trni-h'dh(and)uni-h'th1 Beneath 
iJsaa-d] ) 
[Usaa'd^un] ) 
'Umaang*J ) 
'Maang'J > 
|Umuong*] ) 
The last idiom usnally occurs when the word to follow is a pronoim. 
Off on * [of* u'n] is also employed, but this form ia more churacteristio 

A hint 



A boon 


Among, amongst 




of town dmlect. 

Sin [Sin-] ) 

8m 'Sen-] J 

Wiv 'Wiv] ) 

Wid [Wid-] ] 

Chiefly employed beibre vowels, as is 

Through [Throo-] 

[Thro*] (and with added ( -p 
[hn before a consonant) (^^^ 



[wi'] before consonants. 


Thru/ [Thruof-] 

Aetead [Usti'h'd] Instead 

Anent [Unint*] Concerning, touduag 

Iv [Iv*] In 

Chiefly (but without restriction) employed befine Towels, Befixre 
consonants, * i' ' [i] is most usuaL 






























Of these, ' athont,' ' adout,' * without,' ' widout,' * 'dout,' * 'thout,' 
and, occasionally, ' 'bout,' acquire the ending ' en ' customarily. 







"Waai] ) 
"Waa-lz] J 
"Ni^h^raand J ") 
*Ni"h*raanzT > 
•Nih'z] ) 




The present of participles are not employed as prepositions. 

The following are the most usual forms : — 


An r^ii'] -Ajid 

An' all 'Unao-h'lJ * And aU ' = also 

Both [Beh'th, bi:h'-th] Both 

[Bao'thl the refined form, is heard firom many who do not habitually 
emj^oy dialectal pronunciations, and who are supposed to haye receiyed 
a £ur education for the demands of middle-class society. 
































'S:aa'yn, saa*n] 


1-h'z] 1 


"Wen*, w:ae*n] 

"Waal] ) 

"Waa-lz] ( 






"Wuo-h'r] ' 



















The last form, with « ^fi ^ [gift-], are most usual in Nidderdale. 











ArC if 

So 'at 










ruz if] ) 

'Un if-] ( 
'Se-h't, seh'-t] 
^Dhuof-] ) 
'Dhaof-] \ 
Dhe-] ) 


As if 
So that 



[Ed]; (also [Aad*], ) 3^ 
distinctiyely) ( 


Z7 RJ] Or 

Nu pS^u] Nor 

Though the r has not been rendered in the above forms, yet it is 
much heard in connection, and is never omitted before a voweL 




tather (ref.) 



Neather (re/,) 






]Oo-iv*u] ) 

'Oo"8uomivu] \ 






The refined [ao"hT>ey*t] is also much heard generally. 







Bnod-y bud] 


L:ih*stwe-h*z, li'h'stuz] Lest 
'Nih'sian:i*hn ) xt -xi. ^ 

[NnhsumivuiJ 1 Noverthelesa 

The middle vowel is, in each case, in interchange with [uo]. 

When conjunctions are emnloyed corrolatively with an adverbial 
form, there is, YGiy often, the change of a word, an insertion, or a con- 
traction not recognised in modem speech. In the phrase, more or less 
than, the last word is displaced by 7fory [nu]. In, though ycf, the word 
(18 must necessarily come between the words, [dhuof uz* yit']. In, «o 
that, the th is never heard, [so'h't]. 

Only the simplest construction of illatives are employed, such as, 
and 80y [un* se'h'] ; thni, [dliiir] ; /or, [fur*]. Words like whence, hence, 
thtreupon, therefore, constqurnHif, are entirely unfamiliar to dialect 
Hj)eukor8. Accordintjly in lieard, but this is not a genuine dialect form. 
The i)ronunciation is [ukiuoh'dinlaa']. 




The interjections which are not orthographically distinct from those 
in ordinary use, are yet so phonetically. To these are added, in the 
following list, the forms peculiar to the dialect. 

1. EXPRESSIVE OF BOis- ( Hurrah ! [Uo're* !] with the second vowel 
TEBOUS FEELING. ( greatly prolonged. 

" Tuck ! [Yuok* !] Those of this class are 
numerous, the word proper being usually 
followed by a noun or pronoun. Ex-' 
amples : — 

Nay, bairn ! [Ne'h' be"h'n !] the first word 
having the force of, Nay, indeed I 

Aye, bairn ! [Ey be**h'n !] Yes, indeed, bairn I 
a phrase occurring constantly in tiie con- 
versation of adults. 
^ Wdef<yr %m I [We-h' fur' uz !] Woe for us I 

Vr&t, bairn ! [Weh* be-h»n !] 

Other forms, not of this character, are 

Oh ! [Ao- !] 
Ooh ! roo- 11 

Ha ! [He* ! J A rough breathing invariably 

accompanies the voweL 
He! \1.'\] A sound usually elicited by a 

twinge of acute pain. 



I Oh ! [A:o- !] 


' Oh ! [Ao* !] of extreme length. 
Hee ! [Ee- !] 


My song f [:Maa* 'saang* !] (Also used in 

By / [Baa- !] 
Zounds ! [Z:oo*nz !] 
Zookerins ! [Zook*rmz !] 
Woonkera ! [Wuo'ngkuz !] 
Odsart ! hAo'dz-, acdz*-, aoh''dz-(and) odz'aa*t ! 

(and also, in ^ush case) eh'*t'!l 
Hew ! p-w- n 
Qow ! toaoh*^ !] 
Lors ! rLao'h'z !] 
Holloa J [Aolao'h' !] (Expressive of pleased 

ALSO, with the addition of « [AoIao*h'z I] 

H l llfM* 

HDr C ^3KUiBt/B^ MT: aaS^r^ TSSBBHBDBK Iw ■■■■ n. i'mi q ^ fii Hk 

* -'^'•■^ I-s^"^ MK-. Boc^-a-. «Bi^) od- 


.^_ f-^nr r^Ti.M-— ian£ frilQ! tluDg and 

anmanri. Taassums cf tta 


, JTtiii^ ' ^*a";x liar ! 'v:Bi>"irikdr ! < rrf. )3- 

*i*'l zzsrjTVjT^. fcj* fc Tiziprr. T1-2&. f-*c- *^ * 2a*le peraoai to see an 
wyJ'2Mil^Jkz^'Jk, w rtASrrt. -zziiTr Err=j5akaa» erf rT.Tr.7nept pexiL would 

OF * TlUA / "^TKI^* ^ 


\ P<mM : "^aow-s r p:ooiB !] 
' Chut : -tlmor fi 

8, OF oitCEniro. { TT^o^ cA«er / [Waaf dd'h* Q 

OF ouKK-i Jtfo, IN Ki;&- ) /7(^/oa / (|Aolao*h' ! uolao'h' !] 
FJiiHF. ^ Abo with # [z] added. 

^ /% / [E-y n 
it. lo ni/MMON, oii AT- 1 IIollfXA / [Aorao'li' I nol-ao'h' !] (and with the 
J uAtrv AViicMTUfM, j a<x;eut upon the last syllable alone, in each 





11. USED 


f Looks! [Ld-li'kB!] 

See ! [SrV I] 

Harlu ! [Eifr'ks Q 

Look you, huds ! [jLi'li'k yu, buodr !] — (Look 
you, but ! Only look !) 

Look, buds ! [Li-hlc, buodz' !] 

Set you, buds ! [Si* yu, buodz* I] 

See, huds ! [Sib*, buodz' !] 

Hark you, huda ! [Eib^'k yu, buodz' !] 

Hark, huds ! [Eih'-k, buodz* !] 
^Hear you, huds ! [I'b' yu, buodz' !] 

iHush! [Uo-sh!] 
Whisht J [Wh:i-8ht- ! wb:ae-8hf ! wbtuo'shf I] 

\So! [SobM sao-b' I (re/,), eao* 1 (more re/.)]. 





[The part of speech is not added in the case of sabstantiyes.] 

Abusefnl [ubiwsfuol], adj. 
abusiTe ; Mia. 

Ache [e'h'k], v. a. to annoy by 
complaint, entreaty, question^- 
ing, or mifldiieTous talk. Wh, 
QL; Mid. 

Acker [aak'urj, sb. and v. n. a 
flowing ripple; gen. In Mid- 
Torksnire, the hair ifi said to 
acker J^aak'ur], v. n. and v. a. 
when in wayy outline. 

Adash [udaash'j, v. a. to put to 
shame ; Mid. * I felt fair (quite) 
adcufied ' [Aa* fel't 'Xe'hr 

Addle [aadni'l], y. a. to earn. 
* Addlmgs ' [a[ad'linz], ecunings. 
Wh. 01,; gen. 

After -temsuiB [ef-t'utem'-zinz], 
sb. pi. the roughly-dressed flour 
commo^y known as * sharps,' 
een. The sieve used in the 
dressing of this meal, at the 
stage indicated, is called a *tems' 

Ag [aAg'l y. a. to complain con- 
tentiously; Mid. 

Agate [ugeh't, ugi-h't], one of 
those compendious terms, vary- 
ing in meaning, which cannot 
be properly appreciated but 
through examples. It may be 
taken to signify, widely, tit the 
act of doing anything f and is gen- | 

eral to the county. * Get a^aU 
o* going ' [Git* uge'h't u gaa*m], 
bemi to go. 'He's been agate 
o' niai a^ain ' [Eez* bin* uge'h't 
u im* u^'h'n], has been beating 
him agam. Or the phrase may 
apply to any other act, however 
diverse in character, if repre- 
sented by a participlt , expressed 
or understood. * They're agate^ 
the one at the other' FDher' 
uge'hH;, te'h'n ut idh'urj, they 
are kissing each other. ' He s 
agate o' breaking sticks' ^ez* 
ugi'h't u brek' in stiks*]. * He's 
agaie* [Eez* uge'h't], in the act 
of doing. ' Been agate o' nought 
all the morning' [Bin* ugeh't 
u noawt yaal* t muoh'*n], oeen 
doing nouiing all the morning. 
* He^ always agate ' [Iz* yaal'us 
ugi'h't], always teasing, or doing 
whatever else may be the sub- 
ject of allusion. *He was set 
agate of it* [Ee wur* set'u'n 
uge'h't on't], was incited to the 
act. ' Get agate of framing ' [Git* 
ugi'ht u fre'h'min], prepare to 
begin. ' AqaU o' sleeping ' 
[I^'h't u slih''pin], in the act 
of sleeping. 

Agee [igee*], adv. awry. Wh. 
01, ; gen. 

Agfferheads [aagiiri'h'dz], sb. 
pi loggerheads; Mid. 


Ann ["Kin], conj. aa if. Wh. 

Ul. : Mid. 
Ahew [od'w], adv. askew; gen. 
A hint fu-int'l, prep, behind. 

tn. 01.; gen. Alw. 'Behint' 

[bi-int]; gen. 
Aim faaui", oh'm, i-h'm, yaam-, 

Shiii, yih'm], T. n. to intend, 
eeo are all geoeral. [Yaam-] 
is tlie commonoBt form among 
old t>eoi>lo. [E'h'm], as at 
WhitDy, IS the refined Ibnn. 
Aisuome [yaam'eum], adj. ambi- 
tious ; Mid. 
Airt [eh't]; or Airth [eh'thl, 
ab. quarter, or direction. Wh. 
Aither [e-h'dUur], ab. farrowed 

grouni Wh. 01. ; Mid. 
All-heal [ao'h'l- ib''l], a minei'a 
term for a now working i Nidd. 
Allkini [yaal'kinz], eb. pi. and 

adjectival sb. all fcinda ; Mid. 
AIM [aols]; or Ailjo [eb'ls], 

Alice 1 gen. 
Amang-hands [umaang* - asm], 
adv. conjointly. H'A. 01. ; gen. 
An [un], conj. if. Wh. Ql. ; 
casual to Mid - Yorkshiro and 
the north. 
As' a'U,[un ao'h'I], adv. too; gen. 
[Aa'z gua'in uu ao'h'l], I am 
going too. 
Aiiantheii[unaJin'dhuE]; or An- 
thers [oan'dhuz], conj. 1^- 
Wh. 01.; ind. 
Anfinit funeu'st], adv. a^inat. 
Wh. 01. ; gen. Anent [unen't] 
and Agean [ugi'h'n] are as 
commonly heard, too, but the 
former with two other Tariations 
of meaning — nrar and oppoaitt. 
Angle [aang'u'l], a small hook, 
aa a nsbing-hook, A. largo one 
is a cruka [kriw-k], or cniUa 
[kriwku'l]; gen. The pronun- 
ciation of the lant forms varies, 


A'not [aannit], employed in ths 
place of the verbal and adverb- 
ial phiaae an not; but vtry 
caauallT. The common finm i^ 
It not [u-n'nt]; Mid. 

Anotherkini [unuodh-ukini],idj. 
another kind. Wh. 01.; Hid. 
The plural is uanally employed, 
bnt tiie aingular occurs occaaon- 
aUy, and each form is oftm 
heard in tautology. 'ThatjJnm^i 
of anotlierkitu sort' {DhMf 

pluoma' UV nunftf^l^ ■ nWinB 


A'oot [n'oot-] ; or Adoot [od'oot*] J 
or Avoot [uToot] ; or Atboot 
[ndhoot]; or Bi'oot [U-oot-]; 
or Bidoot [bid'oot] ; or Bivoot 
[bivoot-]; or Bithoot [bidhoof]; 
or Vi'oot [wi-oot-] ; or Widoot 
[wid'oot-]; or Vivoot [wiTOot']; 
or Withoot [widhoot-J, pren. 
without; gen. The last syUaUe 
also gives way to a refined fima 
[oa-w[and]oaw'] in brtwd dialed. 
The dental d forma at« eapeoallv 
employed by those who >peak 
the dialect broadly, and all the 
above are generaOy heard orer 
the greater part of the north. 

Appearently [upih'm'ntli], adv. 
apparrntly, but in freer use as an 
aUlrmative response than is nsnil 
in ordinary speech ; gen. ' Wa 't 
ganging to t^ f^ast, ye see, i^- 
paiTtiitly ' fWiz" eaan'in bt" 
fi'h'st yi sae-y. T^-h'm'nUi]. 
' It 'a boon to weet, amearadlg ' 
[Itz' boon, tu weet upi^'m'ntti^ 
IS going to wet (or rain], vf- 

Aramaatorky [aar-umnatao-h'kil 
a long name for an awkwari 
female of some size ; Mid. 

Aif [aafl, adj. afraid, reluctant. 
Wh. 01.; Mid. 

Ark [oa'k, o'h'k], a cheat; geiL 

ATmihot reh''mBhaot], arm's- 
length. There is also a tendency 
to make the last vowel [uoj, bnt 
this usage is somewhat of an in- 
dividual ohaiaotenrtio; gen. 


Arr [aa*r]y a scar, after a wound 
or an ulcer. Fock-arr*d [pok*- 
aa*d], marked with the small- 
I)ox. Wh. 01. ; gen. 

Arridge [aary], a light edge or 
ridge, as of wood or stone. Wh, 
01.; gen. 

Arvil-cake [aa*vil-ki*h'k], a spiced 
cake, prepared for funeral occa- 
sions ; gen. In localities south- 
ward, arvil is applied to the tea, 
which forms a sequence to these 
occasions, though the more com- 
mon name of this time of refresh- 
ment is * t* drinking ' [t d'ringk*- 
in] or *t' tte-drinking' [trh*- 
d'ringk*in], the usual term for a 
tea-party of any kind. 

Aiiden fusaa'du^n] ; or Aside 
[usaa'dt prep, heside; near to; 
gen. The last form has com- 
monly s added. 

AtkraAsk']; or Ai'tk [e'h'sk] ; or 
Aflkerd [aas'kud], a water- newt; 
gen. In use for the several spe- 
cies of lizards. 

Alk Faask*], y. a. To be asked 
at church is to have the marriage 
banns published. Wh. 01. ; gen. 
' He 's agate o' reading t* askingB* 
[Eez* ugi'h't u rih'*ain t aas*- 
kinz], in the act of publishing the 
banns. Ax [aaks*] (vb.) and 
Aiudn's [aak'sinzj are em- 
ployed too. 

AfS [aas], ash, and ashes. Aas- 
card [aas* - ke-h'iT], the iire- 
shoyel. Ass-hole ^as'-uo*h'l]; 
or AjM-xnidden [aas'-midinj, 
the dust-heap. Aaa-riddling 
[aas'-ridHn], a St Mark's Eye 
custom of riddling the ashes on 
the hearth, to find, by a shoe- 
print, on the following morning, 
which of the family is to die 
during the year, or, if there be 
no mark, to be sure that no 
death will occur. Wh. 01. ; gen. 
The singular and plural are 
usually alike, but a plural form 
\b used occasionally : [aas*iz]. 

Astrut [ust'ruot '] adv. ; or Astride 
[ust'raa'd]. One word is as much 
in use as the other, and equally 
in the present and past tenses ; 

At after [ut ef-t'ur (and) if-t'ur], 
ady. afterward, afterwards. Wh. 
01.; gen. 

Atter [aat*'ur], y. a. to entangle; 

Atter [aat**ur], y. n. to be busy 
in a trifling manner ; Mid. *He 
was attering about it, doing ' 
nought ' [Ee wur* aat''rin uboot* 
it, diin noawt*]. 

Atter [aat*'url, y. a., y.n., and sb. ; 
or Atteril [aat''rLl], the matter 
of a sore, or an excreted appear- 
ance of any kind, as an ctttered, 
or furred tongue. Wh. 01. ; gen. 

At-under [ut:uo*nd'ul, adv. un- 
der control. Wh. (ft. ; gen. 

And - &rrand [ao-h'd-faar'und], 
adj. old-fashioned. Wh. 01.; gen. 

And Boss [aoh-'d Sos*], the devil; 

And Stock [ao'h'd stok*], a fa- 
miliar term employed towards 
old acquaintance or old native 
residents. It is used in reference 
as well as in salutation; Mid. 
' He 's one of the old stock ' [Eez* 
yaan* ut* ao*h*d stok*], one of the 
oldest inhabitants. 'What cheer! 
aud $tock, what cheer ! ' [Waat* 
chi*h'rl ao'h'd stok*, waat* 
chi'h'r!], How now, old friend, 
how now ! 

Aught [aow't], ought, anything. 
Wh. Ol.; gen. Naught [naowtj, 
nought, nothing. 

Aum [aoh'm], elm ; Mid. 

An maks [ao'h*maaks'1, sb. and 
adjectival sb. all makes, every 
kind. Wh. 01. ; gen. * I went 
in to buy a bonnet-shape, and he 
showed me au maka * [Aa* wint* 
in tu baa* u buon'it-shaap*, un* 
i shi*h*d mu yaal* maaks'j. The 
form is very liable to assume 


rural parts anywht 
Muthem Yorkaliire, except to 
the Bouth-weat, All manthen 
[iio-li' maun'dhuz] imd fno-h' 
moBD-d'uz] are forms with the 
same mcaumg, heard in Nidd. 
and the north. 
AvfflU [ao'h'mus], alms. Wh. 
01. : gen. [Ao-li'mua - oo-s], 
almtihouse. The word has also 
the meaning o! portion, eb., and, 
in this sense, is most frequently 
on the lips. 'There, that's thy 
auma*; thou 'U get no more' 
[Dhi'h'r, 'dluuits' 'dhoa' aoh*'- 
muB; dhoo'l git'nume'li'rl. One 
holding a socle to be SUed, will 
cry out when the Back is full, 
'Uoldon! I'vegottenmyaumoj' 
[Aoh'd aou- 1 Aii'v git-u'n mi 
ao-h'mus]. 'He'U do with a 
bi^er aumai than that' [Ee'l 
dil? wi u big-ur aoh'mus un- 
'dhuat'l, with a larger portion 
than that. On -runcoko," or 
ShroTe-'ruosduy, the poor people 
go from house to huuso, be);giiig 
flour and milk ; and employ the 
formula, ' I'ruy you, mietreBS, 
can you give mo my uuhiu./' 
[rroy; h , nii9-friB', koau- yu gi 

Aninry [ao'L'nui], a cupboard ; 

Awad[aoh'iid],v.ii. toown. The 
unt' of thin form is verv common. 
' Ho 'U. iR'-er uiiH it ' [Eel nih'r 
ao-h'ud if). -That etricklo I 
Bt'riku'l All" fimiid' gttuiiK- uon-- 
noh'iidid yit'). The lutit form 
is emploviii with iucroaswd idiom. 
■ lliis ho" gi>t bai-k vet 'f ' ' Nav, 
ho> ueviT(iii'Mt/ri/'lKB' i gifuV 
Uiak- yif? Unix', wz uivur 

uudeiabDodJ 1 

yet, neither' [Oo'H'e es- ni'h'r 

ao'h'n'did yit', ne'h'dhurj. 

Aire [w'>']< expreBsire of coutiol; 
Mi<L * The fiiUier ^»« tii™ in 
good am, and it 'a Teiy wall' 
[T fi h'd'ur ei- im- i" gi-h'd aok', 
un "ite- Taarni weed], 

Awebim' [ao'h'baon'], a4i- '^ 
derlv, or tmder autiiority. Wh. 
01.; Mid. 

AWM [ao'h'i], V. a. own; Mil 
Thie word makee idiom of a acn- 
tence. [We-h'z aoh'z dhis'^J, 
Who Dwna tUa F or, [We-h'i 
BO'h's ix- dhia- i\ Who's own is 

AwTiih [aoh'vish], adj. halfish, 
neither one thing nor another. 
Also half-witted. Wh. OL; gen. 

Baokb««rRWft7 [baak-bi'h'> 
uwe'V], the bat; gen. 

Book-keit [bBok-keat], a. cut 
backwarda ; a audden retrograde 
movement, or relapee. Wh. 01.; 

Backmost [baak-mast]; or Back- 
ermOBt [baak'umuet], a4j- hind- 
most ; gen. 

Backwateh p»ak-WBach], a te- 
sorvo fund tor ezigencioe ; Mid. 
' There 'a nought-but poor add- 
lings (There are only poor earn* 
ings) now-a-daya, but Krmnchat 
must be laid by for a baciaxUch ' 
[Dhuz- naob'ut vuo'h'r aad-lins 
uuo-u-di'h'z, bud' 'auom'ut mun* 
bi li h'd (or Cli-h'n]) baa- fur- n 
baak'waach']. The term is not 
rvBtrioted in application. 

* Hungry I 
Thou'a always hungry: thou'd 
eat a iuUyffroflhiahorse' ['Uong'- 


uril Dlioo'z *yaal*us uong'tui 
— dhoo'd yih*'t u 'baad'jup ili'*f 
iz* ao8*]. 

Baff [baaf'J, v. n. a suppressed* 
bark; Mid. A dog haff$ when 
it dares not bark, though it may 
happen that it commits itself in 
the latter way at intervals. 

Baffonnd [baaf'ond], v. a. to 
stun and perplex; Mid. £z- 
ampled as a pp. in the Wh, 
GL *Thou 'd baffaund a 
stoop ! ' ^post^ [Dhoo'd baaf* 
und a sti'h'p !j 

Bagnit [baag-nit], bayonet ; gen. 

Bailier [beh'lih'r, bi'h'lih'r], a 
bailiff; gen. 

Bairn [be'h'n], child, yariously 
employed, as in the Wh, OL; 
gen. This is the northern form 
generally, as b|um [baa*n] is the 

Baim-baim pbe'h'n-be-h'n], liter- 
allj, a child's child, or grand-, 
child. A term often used in 
Mid - Yorkshire. Leeds people 
employ the compound [baa'n- 
baa*nj now and then, but with 
some Tulgamess of feeling, and 
not in that sincere way of its use 
among country - people, whose 
own Sie word is, or has come to 
be. In each case, the plural is 
formed by the addition of « to 
the last word. But these are not 
the common forms of the name 
^andchild, which are respect- 
lyely [graon'be'h'nl and [graan* 
baa'nj, the [ao] of the first inter- 
changmg with [aa], and, in a 
slight way, with (mostly) fu], 
and [uo]. When the vowel is 
[aa] it is impossible not to recog- 
nize distinctly the dental charac- 
ter of the preceding r. 

Baim-fond [be'h'nfaond], adj. 
child-loving; gen. 

Baim-lai'kiiiB [be h'n-leh'kinz], 
sb. pi. playthings. Wh. 01, ; gen. 
Common also in the singular, as 
is ' Lai'kins/ sb. pi. 

Bairnpart [be-h'npeh-'t] ; or 
Bairndole [be*h'ndih*1], a child's 
portion, or inheritance ; Mid. 

Baimteam [be*h'nt'i-h'm], the 
children of a household ; gen. 

Bakston* [baak-stun], a round 
slate or plate of iron, himg by 
an iron bow, to bake cakes upon. 
Wh, 01,; gen. BaksUm^ -ckke^ 
are baked over the fire, in the 
way indicated, and also by lay- 
ing an oven-plate on the top of 
the * end-irons,' placed on each 
side of the grate for the pur- 
pose ; but a bakston* proper is 
often seen as a feature of an old 
brick oven, and consists of a slab 
of metallic stone, placed over a 
limited aperture, and is remov- 
able at pleasure. An old oven 
was never complete without a 
reserve of these stones, and often 
baking would be goin^ on over 
the fire at the same time as in 
the oven 

Balk [bao-h'kl. This word is 
very generally used, in various 
compounds, peculiarly. Rafters 
are houae-balks. A scale-beam 
is a weigh-balk. The iron bar 
used in suspending pans over 
the fire is the rannel, reckon, 
or gally-balk [raan'u'l, rek'u'n, 
gaal'i]. The groimd a scythe 
has swept at too great an altitude 
is a swathe - balk [swe*h*dh- 
bao'h'k]. A perch of any kind 

fete the name of balk^ as a hen- 
alk. It is applied to the ceiling, 
too. Of a room that has been 
* underdrawn,' t. e. where a roof 
of laths and plaster has been 
constructed below the rafters — it 
will be said, * The walls must be 
white-washed, but the balk will 
have to hold for another day' 

tT wao'hlz mun* bi waa-t-wesht* 
)ut* t baoh*'k ul' ev tu ao'h'd fur' 
uuuodh'u di'h']. The shoulder- 
piece of wood, from the ends of 
which depend straps and hooks 
for the carrying of pails, or cans, 
is also called a balk. The word 


H uitod in town dioloct, too, for 
thu t»p of a room of auy kind. 
Balkl [boo-h'kii] is cfipecinll^ Bp- 
plioil to that part of a hoaaa im- 
UKiliati'ly undor tike roof, and 
which is usiifilty entered by a 
mnn-holo. ThJB part of any 
buitdiiif; gots tho name, aa a 
bam-lott ; gen. ' Go away to 
the barQ'hilitj and futch me an 
armful of straw-bands' [Oaang- 
uwih'z ti t baun-bao-h'ks, un- 
foch' mu n e'h'm-fuol u st'ii'h'- 

Ballit [baalit], ballod ; Mid. 
Bam [bnani], a joke ; a counter- 
teit, II'A. ai.; Mid. 

Y. n. find V. a. to 

fit.; Mid. 

I [Imu 

Base [l«h'ii], adj. near; geu. 
'It's as bant a^in that Rate' 
[It/- iiz- bt-h'n uj^ili'n dhuat- 
fji'li't], as nonr nftain that way, 
(.r in thnt ilirct-tion. The II A. 
01. exnmples tho superlative 
form, also in use. 

BtLag [IxuinRl, v. a. and sb. to 
bt-ut with the fisti, or to knock 
any object about Tiolently, The 
(¥r& is, too, a Ciiniliar substitute 
for to thraah, in fonuing oi^ra- 
tiona; gon. 

Bannook [haan'uk], a wntor-cnke; 
gen. Mudo (jf course meal, rolled 
out thinly, and hung upon cords, 
or on a rack, among the raftors, 
to dry and harden. 

Barf fhuiif-], a low ridge of 
ground, in. ai. ! Mid. 

Bai^est [baagpst] ; or Bargiie 
[liiia-jis], a goblin, or frigbthil 
]>huut(>m ; gun. 

Barknm riuiskum] a barfnn, or 
borwi-ciillar; Mid. Barjiitt is 
iit uw?. too. * Uumblo-bnrian ' 
[buoni'u'I - boa-fu'ii], a collur 
having a ninh or reed ousing, as 
in tho HVi. Ul. 


Bamv [baaru], 
Wh. 01.; gen. 

una [baa-zun], Wh. 01; 
Mid; but not oommonly em- 
ployed in the way indicated in 
this glosaai^. It is applied in 
respect of immoderation in the 
conduct of a peraon. ' A greedy 
bnnon' [U greed'i baalunj; '■ 
good-to.{for7-nothing hanoH ' [u 
gi'h'd tu Doowt- boacunl; 'a 
bonny (fine) barzon * [u baoni 
ban'Bun]. When tawtlrineas or 
a ridiculous appearance is im- 
plied, blowM>in is used. ' I 
never m,yt auch a fcfonont in sU 
mv born daya' [Aa- nivu we'd 

baah''n do'h'z}. 

Baai [baas-], any kind of mat; 
cen. Door-toM [di'h'r-basi; 
diwr-boas']. Fan-bou [paan'* 
baaa']< ^ feature of the kitchen 
Huppor-table, in a farm-house ; 
the article being laid for the 
usual pan of boiled milk eet be- 
fore the datal-nien. A hauodt 
is n bat», too. 

Bat [baat], a blow. Wh. GI. ; 

Bat [liadt'] ; or Batten [baat-u'n], 
a bundle of straw, consiating of 
two sheaves; gen. Also, the 
portion of ground swept by one 
strake of a scythe ; Mid. 

Batch [banch], a sot company; a 
sect Wh. ai.; Mid. 

Bauf [boolr'f], adj. well-grown, 
lusty. U'A. Oi. ; gen. 

BbwKJI [bao-h'sun], a badger. 

Baxter [liaakstu], a baker. TI'A. 
UL ; Mid. 

Beadle [bih'dnl], a person re- 
ceiving parish - pay, or alms. 
Allusion ia, at timea, made to 
the workhouno aa the tmd-house 
[bih'dus]; Mid. 

Beagle [bi'h'gu'I], a liound. Also, 
a tawdry or strangely-dres^d 
pcroon. IVh. 01.; gen. 


Seal [bih'l], y. n. to beUow. 
WK Ql. ; gen. 

Bean-day [bi-h'n-di-h*], a given 
day; gen. These days haye a 
oasoal occurrence. When a 
new-comer enters late upon the 
oocnpancy of a fjEum, the rest of 
the numers of the yillase will 
unite in doing him a gooa turn. 
K it is plougning that requires 
to be done, they will go on to 
the land with their teams, and 
plough all in a day, without un- 
yoking, thus enabling the late- 
comer to ' overtake the season.' 
The eyening of such a day is 
spent in a festive manner ; the 
neighbours, generally, enjoying 
the fanner's hospitality. At 
times of push, as during rape 
and mustard - thrashing, there 
are bean-daya, when neighbours 
assist each otiier, by hand and 
implement, with a merry even- 
ing to follow. If a person 
alk>ws a foot-path across any 
part of his land, this act of 
sufferance is recog^nized by a 
lean - day, when the farmers 
render suit and service for the 
concession. Boon, Boon, moon, 
and words of this class generally, 
have [i'h'] for their voweL 

Beant rbih'nt, bib-'nt] ; c^rBai'nt 
[beh^nt], be not, is not. Wh, 
OL This is a general form, but 
infrequently UB&d. It is hardly 
to be recognized either as a Nio- 
derdale or a Mid-Tork. form. 
The three Whitby pronunciations 
are given above, and these accur- 
ately indicate the pronunciations 
general to Nidd. and Mid- York., 
8ie short [e] being rarely used 
alone in a word, as in the last 
form. Beant is occasionaUy 
employed in the clothing - dis- 
trict, south-west. 

Bear [bi'h'r], a lode ; Nidd. 

Beaalings [bi-b'slinz] ; or BetLtt- 
lings [bili'st*linz] ; or Bialings 
[bis'lins], the fixBt milk of a 

newly-calven cow, usually re- 
served for puddings. Wn, 01, 
These forms axe heard generally, 
but a more common one is bees- 
lins [bee'slinz], and in all the 
[g] is very frequently heard. 

Beb [beb-1 ; or Bezzle [bez-u'l], 
V. a. and v. n. to be constantly 
imbibing. Wh, 01, ; gen. The 
last term usually impUes avidity. 
In each word there is an oc- 
casional vowel-change from [e] 

Beok [bek*], a brook. Beok- 
stones [bek'sti'h'nz]. Wh. Oh; 
een. Usually applied to a shal- 
K>w natural stream. A spring 
heck; a running heck, 

Beclarted [bitlaa-tid] ; or 
Beclamed [bitle'h'md], adj. 
sploshed, or beinired. Wh, 01. ; 
^n. The verb, in each case, 
IS also in use actively. 

Bedstocks [bed-stoks], bedstead. 
Wh, 01. ; gen. 

Beeskep [bee'skep], a straw or 
basket 6«c-hive. Wh, 01, ; Mid. 
Also, a bee-hoppit [bee*-opit]. 

Beggar- &ce [beg'ufi*h'8 (and) 

fe*!h*s fref.)]; or Beggar - lug 
[beg.uluog*]« terms applied, in 
mock-anger, to childien; Mid. 
A child win make the following 
insidious proposition, in colloquy, 
so as to be neard by a parent : 
' I 've a good mind to go aways 
and see now our peaches is get- 
ting on' [Aa'v u gi'h'd maand 

At which there is the quick 
joinder, on the part of the parent, 
half angry and half amused : * I 
lays (wager) thou won't, thou 
young beggar 'face ^ [Aa* le'h's 
dhuo *wi'h^t, dhoo* yuong'beg*- 

Begg^arstaff [begurstaaf-l, beg- 
gary. Wh. 01, ; Mid. 

Beha*Tor [biyeh'vur], the pro- 
nunciation of behaviour. Saviour 



(as tho one other word of the claM 
unmediately occurring to me- 
mory) is similarly treated by 
many people [Se*h yur] ; gen. 

Be-awes [bi-ao-h'z] y. n. belongs ; 
Mid. 'Who be-awes this bam 
(child) ?' [We-h' bi-ao'h'z dhis- 
boh'n Yl 

Behint [bi-int*], prep, behind. 
Wh, 01. ; gen. 

Behodden [bi-aod'u'n], pp. or acy. 
the pronimciation of beholden, 
Wh. Ol. ; gen. 

Belanter*d [bilaan*t'ud] ; or Laa- 
ter'd [laan't'ud], adj. belated. 
Wh. Ul.; gon. Belantren'd 
|bilaan't'rund] ; or Lantren^d 
[laant'niud] ; or Belantem'd 
|bilaan't'ma] ; or Lantem'd 
'la an 'fund j, are also Mid-Tork. 

Balder [bolurur], v. n. bellow. 
Wh. (it. ; gen. A child that cries 
noisily Mdtrs. 

Belike Tbilaayk, bilaa-k], adv. 
probably; likely. Wh. 01. ; 

Balk [])elk*], condition, of body 
or temper; gen. * In great 6e/A; * 
[I gri'h't Mk*], in a robust 
state of health. ' lie 's in ercat 
belk about it ' [Eez' i gri'h't belk* 
uboot* it*], in groat spirits about 

Belk [belk-], v. a. and v. bask ; 
Mid. *I saw a ha^*worm, out 
of the dike, belking in the lane ' 

SAa 800'd u aag'waom oot* ut* 
ua'k bol'kin i f luo'h'n]. 

Belk [Ixjlk-], V. n. belch. Wh. 
01. ; gon. Also [bilk*]. 

Ballaces [Ixjl-usiz-], sb. pi. the 
tongues of lace-up quai-ter-boots ; 

Ballayan [bel'e*li'vu*n], expres- 
sivo of violence in concussion ; 
Mid. *Thou gives that door 
hiUaveny going in and out' 
[Dhoo giz* dnaat* di'h'r bel*- 
eh'vu'n, gaan'in in* un* oot']. 

' Gtiye him hdlaven — he deaemt 
it' [GK im* bel'©*h*yu'n — i di- 
Eaa-ys' it-], giye him a aound 
beating, &Q. 

Bell-hone [bel-ao-h's], a fiuniliar 
title bestowed on any one in the 
position of leader of a party, 
literally or figroratiyely ; Mid. 
In the days of nackhorsee, the 
horse that went nrat, and which 
wore bells, was called by this 

Bell-lLOUse [bel-oo-s], belfxr. 
WTi. OL; gen. 

Bellkite [belkaa-t (and) ka*y*t]. 
The usual application of this 
term is in the way of good-'hu- 
moured reproach; Mid. 'Thou 
little bellktUy get out o' f road' 
[Dhoo* laal bel'ka'yt, git* oot 
uf ruo'h'd]. 

Bellook [bel'uk], y. a. to devour; 

Belloking [bcl-ukin], adj. used 
in respect of anything yeiy great 
in size; Mid. The object de- 
scribed is a bettoker [bel'ukur]. 

Bellos [bcl'usl. 'As dark as 
bellos* [Uz* aaa*k Hz* bel'uzl ia 
a proverbial expression; Mid. 
Probably the indefinite article is 
to be understood before the word. 
BeUoa is the pronunciation of 

Belly^timber rbelitimur], food, 
familiarly. Wh. 01. ; Mid. 

Bellywark [beliwaa^, the 
boUy-ache, or cholic. Wn, 01. ; 

Belt [belt], p. part of build; 

Berril [bur*il], a wasp-like in- 
sect, very troublesome to horses 
in the field ; Mid. 

Bessybab rbes*ibaab], one fond 
of childish amusements. Wh, 
01. ; gon. 

Best-like [bes'tlaak], adj. a su- 
perlative signifying comely, or 
good-looking. • That *s good- 


like ; that *8 f better-like ; but 
that 's f best-like* [Dhaats* gih'd- 
laa'k, dhaats* t bet**u laa'k, ouod* 
dhaata* t bes'tlaa'k] ; gen. 

Better [bet-'u], adv. in a better 
manner; with increased pains; 
gen. 'That dress has been 
washed, and washed, and better 
washed, and it still looks well.' 
An illiiBtration of the word ftir- 
nished from York, by a lady-cor- 
respondent, but heard generally. 
[Dhaat* d'ris* ez* bin* weeht*, un' 
wesht*, un* bet-'u wesht*, un* it* 
•stil* li'h'ks wee'l.] 

Betterin's [bet**uriiiz], sb. pi. 
superiors; spoken of persons; 
Mid. * He 's none so keen of going 
among his betterin^e * [Eez* ne*h'n 
su kee'n u gaang*in umaang' iz* 

Bettermost [bet-'umust-], the 

comparative of better, used, 
also, in the sense of better-to-do ; 
ffen. * Are they well off ? ' * Aye 
(yes), they are of the bettermost 
sort ' [Aa dhu wee'l aof* dhen* P 
Aay, dhur* ut* bet''urmus* 

Bettermy [bet-'umi] ; or Better- 
more rbet*'umuon''], adj. of a 
better class. * A bettermy body,' 
a superior i>er8on. Wh, 01,; 

Bettemeii [bot-'unus], amend- 
ment Wh. 01, ; gen. 

Betweenwhiles [bitwee'nwaa'lz], 
in the mean nme. Wh, 01.; 
gen. Also, Atweenwhiles [Ut- 
wee*nwaa*lz], and [ih'T is in 
interchange with [ee\]. In each 
case, the singidar form is com- 
mon, too. 

Beugli [b:i*w] or Bow [boo-1 ; or 
Bea [bi-h']; or Beaf fbi'h'f], 
bough ; gen. Bow and Beugh 
are the usually spoken forms, 
and the refined one [buuw*]. 
Old people cleave to the last 
two ezampled, of which [bi'h'f] 
is mostly heard before a con- 

Beyont [Bi-yiioh*'nt, bi-yaont*, 
bi-yaant*], prep, and adv. beyond. 
Wh, 01,; gen. The last pro- 
nimciation is nearly confined to 
Mid-Tork. Ayont is also gener- 
ally employed as a preposition. 
*ELe*say<m<yonder' [IJez'uyaont* 

Bezom [bi'h'zum], a birch, or 
moor-heather broom. ' He 's as 
fond as a bezom* [Eez* uz* faond* 
uz* u bi'h'zum], or 5e«om-headed 
rbi*h'zum-i'h'did], very foolish. 
Wh. 01.; gen. Bezom is applied, 
too, to a dirty person. 

Bid [bid-], V. a. to invite; pp. 
bidden, bodden p)id*u'u, baod*- 
u'n]. Bidder [bid*ur], the per- 
son who bids to a funeral. }Vh, 
01.; gen. Badden [baad*u'n], 
p. t. also ; Mid. 

Bide [baa*d], v. a. and v. n. to 
abide, or endure; gen. *I've 
bidden and bidden it while I 
can bide it no longer ; I 've swal- 
lowed the kirk, but I can't swal- 
low the steeple' [Aa*v bid-u'n 
un* baod*u'nt waa*l Aa kun* 
baa'dit'nu langur — Aa*vswaal-- 
ud t kaork* bud* Aa* kaa*nt 
swacd'u t sti-h'pul]. Many of 
these verbs have various vowel- 
changes, as this one, for example, 
withLbeh-'d], [baod'l andnbaad*] 
in the past-; and [bid-u'n], [baod*- 
u'n] and [buod'u'n] as perfect 
participles. In each case, the 
vowel [ao]. is also clearly [o] at 

Bide [baayd, baa*d], v. a. and 
V. n. to rest, dwell, or tarry. 
Wh, 01, ; gen. 

Bide8t*e [baa'dstu], an example of 
the enmng common to verbs, the 
s being always added. The sense 
here is bide^ or stay thou, impe- 
ratively; the association of the 
pronoun begetting the idiom. So 
gaxLgst'e [gaan'stu], for^o thauf 
walkst'e [waoh-'kstu], for walk 
thou I i, e. go tiiy way > * Trem- 
blest'e always in that way when 



there 's a whewt fa slight whistle 
— one with breata in it^ besides 
the house-door?' [Tnin'u'lztu 
3raal'U8 i *dhaat* wi'n* win* dhuz' 
u whiwt* UBaa'dz t oo's di'h'r], 
Do you always tremble in that 
way? &c The idiom is often 
increased in the construction of 
sentences. 'If thou Vill gan, 
e'en gansf e, but, pray thee now, 
bideafe a bit* [If- "dhuo -wil- 
gaan* eon* 'gaan'stu, bud* pridh* 
u noo* baa'&tu u bit*] ; lud. 

Bield [bih''ld]y a cattle or fother- 
shod, out in the fields. Wh, Gl, ; 

Big [big], ▼. n. build. Biggin 


L big- in], a building. Bigger 
•urj, to grow hu-ger. 'It 
iiijifrs of it' [It* big*u2 on*t]. 
H7*. (//.; gon. 

Bilk [bilk-], v. a., v. n., and sb. 
Ih)1c1i; gen. 

Bilking [bilkin], adj. huge; 

Bill [bil*], V. n. to labour in- 
cassiiutly; Mid. * Billing at it' 
[bilin aat* it*]. 

Billybiter [bUi-ba'yt'ur], the 
bluecap; gon. 

Bing [bingg-] ; or Beng fbengg*], 
V. u. bung ; gen. The nrst form 
is UAUiilTy employed after an 
auxiliary Verb. Bang [baangg*] 
in also in u^, and is the substan- 
tive form. Bing and Bang are 
tho rural forms, Beng being the 
common one in town dialects 

Bin^ [bingg*]. A hing of ore con- 
tuiuH eight weighs, a weigh be- 
ing a hundredweight ; Nidd. 

Bink [biiigk-], bench. Wh. Gl; 
gon. Bench im heard occasionally, 
ti)0, OH [binch']. 

Binwood fbin-wuod'], woodbine ; 

Birk [bu-k], birch. Wh, Gl ; 

Bit [bit], adj. little; Mid. *T 

Ui baims ' [T bit- be'VnsJ, the 
little childrcHi. 

BitUe and Pin [bitn'I on p:i-n], 
a hand-substitute for the it^ling- 
poress, or mangle, for small ir- 
tides ; the inttU being an instni- 
ment of battledore shape; thn 
jpta a roller; the wort being 
done on a table. Wh, 01 ; gen. 
Battle [baat-u'n is as mudi- 
used a form in Mid-Tork. 

iy n>iv], prep, by ; gen. Used 
before a vowel, or silent A, and 
terminating an interrogatiye 
sentence wnen there is an un- 
derstood personal pronoun in 
connection. ' Thou 's goinff to 
get called over t* roUs,' culed 
to account 'WhohivV [Dhoor 
gaa'in tu git' kaoh**ld aowr t 
raowl'z. We'h' biv ?] And so 
without becomes [biyoot*^. The 
usual form of the preposition ii 

Blaokayii'd [blaak-nyizd*], a^j. 
dark-visagei Wh. Ol. ; Mid. 

Blade rbUh'd], leaf; Mid. Often 
heard in this sense, referring to 
the leaf of a tree. This seems to 
be the case, too, in the common 
siiying, during winter,— * Now, 
that there's neither a hlade up 
nor down' [Noo* ut* dhuz* naow- 
dhnir u bli-h'd nop* nur doo*n]. 

Blair [ble'h'r], v. n. to bellow, 
or squall. Also as a y. a. to pro- 
trude the tongue ; ^n. A per- 
son is said to hlaxr, too, who 
protrudes the eyes. * Don't hlair 
your eyes out at me* [Din'ut 
ble'h'r dhi eo*n (or [ih-'n]) oot* 
ut- mey*]. The Wh, (H, has 
blairing, part. a. in the sense 
first indicated. See Blear. 

Blake [ble*h'k], adj. of a yellow 
colour. 'As blake as butter' 
[Uz* ble*h'k uz* buot'ur*]. Wh. 
Gl.; gen. 

Blancb [blaansh], a large ball- 
shaped mass of ore ; Nidd. 

Blash [blaash*], y. a., y. n., and 



•b. to splaah ; gen. to the county. 
The word hu also a fignratiTe 
use, in the Benae of toiling ainv- 
iablj. • I 'U blaih no more for 
nabodj' rAa'lblaasb'ikU' ma'h'r 
fur' ■n8'Ii''bdi'], will work ao 
more for Bnybodj. Of a hard- 
working person it will be said, 
that she 18 ' Mathing at it from 
mom to night' [blaaah'in aat' 
it' fre'h' 'muoh' n tu 'nee't]; 
and tho woman herself will de- 
clare, that the may bhuh herself 
' to pieow and be no better 
thonnit of [Aa* mn blaaah* tni- 
len- tu "bit's un* bi nu bet'iir 
thaowt' on']. A eouthera York- 
ahira woman would utter the 
■une sentence, in her own way. 
BUuh is applied to water, &nu- 
liarly, or to anvthing of a watery 
natiue. Weak tea, or poor ale, 
is hlath, or blaehu, adj. Wet 
weather is said to be blaihy, too. 
Nonsense is blathy talk, blaek, 
or blifih-iliMA, as in the ITA. 


BlAte [ble-h't], adj. bashful ; gen. 
BUy |>le'h'], V. n. to bleat ; Mid. 

- - - (I .. :...-,. ■ 

} the fa 
cold. 'He looks as Men as a 
whetatone ' [Ee li'h'ks uz' bli- 
xa' u wet'stunl- Wh. 01. ; gen. 
So, aUo, rbli'h'bnri] for bilbeny. 
In the south, too, the phrase, 'As 
hlut [bl:i'w (and) bLe'w] aa a 
whetstone.' is common. 

Bleak [bli-h'k], v. n. to talk in 
an empty, noisy way ; Uid. 

Brid^ t'j'TJ"], T. a, to bate. 'I 
never go to that shop; they 
bridge nought' [ Aa' niv'ur gaans' 
tu dhaat' shop ; dhe bnj' naowt'1 
— bate, or abridge tho price of 

Blear [blih'r], v. n. the parti- 
cipial form Mearittg ia ezompled 
in the Wfi. 01. ; meaninr, ex- 
posing one'a-self to cold without 
neoeesary apparel. This form is 
in general nae inNidd. and Mid- 

York. ; the verb is not heard. 
But bUiring is used with the 
samo meaning, and the words 
merely suggeat a difference in 
pronuncifltion. The word, t«), 
conveys the idea of wilful ex- 

, posure, or protrusion. A child 
might run out on a summer'a 
day in full winter costume, to 
see some nnnsual object, and the 
wotd would be apphed just the 
same — that is, to Qie wiuiil, ex- 
posed act of quitting the house. 
Bee Blair. 

Bleazewigr fbli'h'zwig], applied, 
as in the Wh. 01., to one wboee 
habits do not befit hia years; 

Bleb [bleb-] ; or Blob [blob], sb. 
and T. n. a bubble; a bbster. 
Wh. Ol. ; gen. Also bUb [blib-1 ; 
Mid. Town dialect baa blob, 
with an occasional form in blub 
[bluob-] (t. n.). 

Bleok [blek'], the olea^nous 
matter at the friction pomts of 
machinery. Wh. 01. ; Mid. 

Blen'oorn nilen'kuoh-'El, wheat 
mixed with rye. Wh. Ol. ; Mid. 

Blendiigfl [blen'dinz], sb. pL 
beans and peas togeuier. Wh. 
01.; Mid. 

BletlLering [bledh-urin], loud, 
vulgar talking. Wh. Oi. ; gen. 
Tho neuter Terb blethur [hlodh'- 
or] is in common use, too. 

Blin [blin], a^., v, a., and sb. 
blind. A pronunciation general 
to the county, and appucablo, 
not to a class, but to other simi- 
lar words — fir^, bthind, bind, 
dimb, rind, witvl, and more, in 
which i short is heard. 

Bluid7buff[bIin-dibuof], the wild 
VPpy i g°>i- Called, also, a 
'popple' [pop'ul]. 

Blink [blingk'l, v. n. and ab. 
wink. Wh. 01. ; gen. 

Bills [blis*] V. a.andinterj.bless; 
Mid. But more used as an in- 
torjectioa than as a verb, and 



not usually adopted in the par- 
ticipial forms. 

Blunder rbluon'd'iir], y. a. to 
reudor tHick and muddy, as 
liquids appear when the sedi- 
ment is disturbed. Wh, Gl, In 
Mid-Tork. the term is of wider 
application, in the sense of mix- 
ing, or disarranging. To mix 
liquors wrongly is to blunder 
them. When unskilful hands 
have thrown a clock out of or- 
der, in interfering with its me- 
chanism, they haye blundered it. 
Of small shot, of different sizes, 
it will bo said, * Don't go and 
blunder them pellets ' fDinnit 
^uin* un' bluon'd'u dhem* pel*- 
iIh], don't go and mix them. 

Blunten [bluon-tu'n], v. a. blunt; 
past part, bluntened [bluon't- 
UDd]; Mid. 

BlnsteroTU [bluostVus] ; or Blus- 
tery [bluost 'ri], adj. blustering. 
A weather term. Wh. 01. ; ^n. 
Bluster is also used as an mi- 
pcrsonal verb. * How it does 
UusUr and blow' [Go* it* 'dis* 
bluos't'ur un* blao'h']. 

Blether [blodhur] ; or Bluther 

[bluodh-ur] ; or Blither [blidh*- 
ur], V. n. Wh, GL To weep, 
in a noisy sobbing way; to 
blubber. Also, used substan- 
tively, in a jocular manner ; 
gen. * Thou is making a bluther 
of it I' [Dhoo* ".i'z maak'in u 
bluodh'ur on* t]. Also with [d'] 
in i)liice of [dh] in each case. 

Blntherment [bluodh-urmont], 

mud, slimo. Wh. Gl, ; gen. 
Also figuratively, for uncon- 
neoto<l or ridiculous t^lk. 

Bob [bob*], v. a. and sb. to sur- 
piise ; Mi(L 

Bo*den [buowdun], v. n. boMon, 
to go boldly. *Jio'den to him' 
[boawdun tiv* im*], go boldly 
to him. Wh. Gl. ; Mid. 

Boggle [bog-u'l] ; or Boggart 

[bog'utj ; (rr Boggard [bog'ud], 

a hobgoblin. Wh. Oh; gen. 
In this word [ao] may sometunef 
be distingnijBhed, but [o] is 
usually employed. 

Boily [bacylil, babies'-food, of 
flour and milk. Wh. GL; gen. 
Usually applied to boiled -^k, 
* What 's thou eoing to have for 
supper P ' 'I think I *11 have 
some boily ' [Waats' tu boon* ta 
e fa: suop-ur P Aa* thingk* aal* 
e suom' bao'ylil. When con- 
taining broken bread, the mess 
becomes * pobs ' [pobz*, paobz]. 

Boken [buoh*'ku*nl. y. n. to 
strain, as Boak '|l>uoh*'k], in 
sickness; gen. 

Bollar [bol-ur], boulder ; Mid. 

Bollas p)aol-us] ; or Bullftl 
[buol'us], a small wild plum, 
the fruit of the sloe, or black- 
thorn. The last form is general ; 
the first a Mid-TorksHre. The 
word is the synonym for what 
is bn'ghtf blacky or sour, 'As 
bright as a bidlas* [Us* bree*t' 
uz* u buol'us], &c. 

Bolt [bolt*] (short o\ a walled 
passage, open at the top; Mid. 
In town dialect, gixinil [gin'il]. 
In the north, [guon*il]. 

Bonnyiflh [baon*i-ish], a6j. com- 
paratively bonny. Also, iron- 
ically, — *A bonnyUh lot* [TT 
baon*i-ish lot*], a fine lot. Wh, 
GL; gen. 

Bool [boo*l], v. a., v.n., and sb. the 
general northern pronunciation 
of bou4. The refined form is 
[boaw*l] and [buuwl] (peasants* 
refined). These pronunciations 
are, too, those of bowl, a vessdy 
and are common to both phases of 
dialect. [Boo'l, boawl] with 
[boawl] and [buuwl] retd., are 
also employed substantively for 
a hoop. The general town or 
southern form of the verb is 
[baa*l], refined [baaw'l]. In these 
respective phases, the word is 
only used substantively of a 



Ao»p, and not of a wooden ball, 
as ID rural dialect. Bowl, a. ve»- 
«ef, ia [baowl]. 

Boon rboou] ; or Bnn [boon-], 
bound, i. t. going, in aa under- 
stood direction. Employed as 
an active participlB. IFA. 01. ; 
ma. 'I 'b 7I 'm) icon myself to- 
day' [Aa-E l>oo-n iuiB:e-l tu di-h*], 
going myself to-day. 

Bon-tree [bot-'ri, baot-'ril, the 
elder; MS. Wh. 01. I foUow 

pronounced, and above rendered, 
-would not be taken for the eame 

Botch RKtch', baoch'], a cobbler, 
fuTTiiliftf ly Botcli, V. a. to 
patch. Wh. 01. ; gen. ' Can 
yoa msjiBKe to botch my boots 
to-morrow ? 'fKaan' yi maan-iah 
tu boch' maa' bi'h'ts tuinuoh''n ?] 

Botobet [bochit], honey • beer. 
Wh. Gl. ; Mid. 

Bofhermont [baod-'umentl, a 
trouble, or difficulty. Wh. 01.; 

Bottery. See BoTa4ree. 

Bottle [bot-a']], applied to a 
large bundle of short straw ; 
gen. An old-fashioned portion, 
enough to bed a horse up to its 

Bonk [buo-k], bulk ; size. Wh. 
01 ; gen. Mostly in use with 
the last meaning, though fre- 
quently with the &nrt A person 
IS described as being of * botdt 
an' bane' [buo'k un' bo'h'u], of 
hulk and bone — big and strong. 

Besnder pxtotid'ur], t. n., t. a., 
and sb. M bounce. ' Don't flin g 
it — hounder it' [Di'h'nt flingg' 
it* boo'nd'ur it'J^ don't throw it 
—make it bounce; Mid. Ex- 
ampled as a sb. in the Wh. '01. 

Bonnder [boo-nd'ur], a landmark, 
bonndaiy, wall, or fence. Wh. 
01.; Hid. 

BoimdMy [buo-nsi], the designa- 
tion of & person, of either sex, 
who combmes a rotund appear- 
ance with an unusually active 
gait; gen. 

Bow [boo], T. a. and sb. to bend ; 
sen. *£our me that bough' 
[Boo' mu dhaat' bi'h'f], bend 
roe thatbough,or branch. [Boo'] 
is also the pronunciation of bow, 
a weapon; and of bow, to btnd, 
as in ordinary use. This fbrm 
is, however, in its several senses, 
the commonly spoken one, used 
in courteous oonversation, and 
old people invariably employ 
[bi-h']. Bough has, too, both 
these pronunciations, and usu- 
ally requires the help of a sen- 
tence, or of an understood rela- 
tion, to distinguish it from bow. 
See Beugh. When bend is em- 
ployed, the vowel is supplanted 
by [i]. The rofined form of hotv 
is not much used, but when used 
is [buuw]. 

Bowdykite [boaw-dika'yt- (and) 
kaa't], a forward, or saucy 
young person. Wh, 01. ; gen. 

Bowkonl [boaw-kuz], an inter- 

S;tioQ of mock or iml wonder; 
id. Also joined to the pro- 
noun me. [Boaw'kuz-mey'I] 

Bowzf [boawzi], sjdj. of a jovial, 
Uquor-liking appearance. Wh. 
ai.; gen. 

Braeir [braiw], p. t. of brew; 

Brsi'd fbre-h'd], v. a. to resemble. 
Usu^y associated with on ; Ken. 
to the county. Wh. 01. ' Tlou 
bTaCdi o' my Lord Mayor's fool; 
thou likes aught that 's good ' 

Sihoo' bre'h'& u mi Luoh-'d 
eh'z fi-h'l: dhoo laa-fcs aow-t 
utz" gi'h'd]. 
Brander [braan-d'ur], v, n. to 

hroU. Wh. 01. ; Mid. 
Brant [braanf] ; or Brent [brent-], 

adj. steep, Wh. 01. ; gen. 
Biath[braaGh-], rubbish. Bnuliy, 



TFa. 01, 

poor, or mferiot. 

Bmbling [braaah-lin], a weak- 
ling. Said of a child, or animal; 

Brau [biaaa'], money, coin of 
any kind. WK Gi. ; gen. 

Bratted [braat'id], pp. slightly 
cuidled. If A. 01. ; Mid. Brat 
[braat'] aleo, t. n. 

Braonging [braoh'n-jin], adj. of 
a huge, coarse appoarance. R'A. 
ai.; gen. 

Brave [broh'v], adj. fine, ex- 
cellent, well-lookinB. Bravely 
[ln'o'h'vli], very well — the reply 
to the ciistomary * How do you 
dor IPA. U/. ; gen. Also, sub- 

Brawn [brao'li'n], boor ; Mid. 

Bray [^bre-K'], v. a. to beat, or 
cLastiBo ; to pound, aa wheat is 
hraynt, to prepare it for boiling. 
\Vh. 01. ; gen. to the county. 

Bread [brih'd] ; or Brai'd 
[bro-h'd], V, a, to reaenihle; gen. 
Tho limt in the refined form. 
Uuth forms are oiwociatod iu use 
with 0)1, aa a following word. 

Bree [bn^o-1 ; or Brew [briwl ; 
or Brea tbri-h']. brow, as in 
eye-fcn-iu [ee'brili']. Tho first 
and laxt forms nre general ; the 
second is a Niddonlalo form. 
The pmiiiiiiciatinn of iroic, in 
piiuso, is [broo-], generally. 

Breed [brce-d], breailtk Breeds 
[breo'dz], breadths. ' It 's about 
the sisce of my thumb, and the 
breed of my hand' [Its- uboot 
f buo'k u mi thuoin' ua' t broe-d 
u mi aan]. 'A brick o" brred' 
[U bri'k u broe-d], a brick of 
(in) breadth. The swathes maile 
by niowiTH aro called breeds. 
ritrih-"d] is also occasionally 
hoard fi-om old people, tho vowel 
in this coso being short; gen. 

Breeka [brooks-], brecdios. UVi, 

Brakiil [brck-in], a portion of ■ 
tree with direrginK bnuldle^ 
such as is often to m fbnnd nn 
tho ground; iSii. The Wi. 
01. 1^ ' Bnakin, the natnr*! 
forked dirieion of a tree,' which 
seems to imply merely the n*- 
tural appearance of the loww 
part of the Izee itself. 

Bre'kly [brek-li], acy, brittle; 
Uid. Poor, dry straw is said to 
be mushy and brt'kly [muoah-i 
un- biek-li], Mable and brittle. 

firekeni [brek-u'ns], ferns ; gea 

Briui [braay-unl. When it ia 
necessary to clean out a fire- 
place, and yet to retain a re- 
siduum of the buming fuel, this 
reeiduumis called the brian; cen. 
Boilers, ' set-pots ' (open boilers, 
set in brick], and larffe oven-s 
with the fire-^rate nudemeath, 
are usnally brtaned, for conreni- 

Brig [brig-], bridge. Wh. Gl; 

Brist [bristl, breast ; gen. Not 
pronounced according to rule 
m relation to this daaa of word. 

Brizile [brizu'l] ; or Bmiil* 
[bnioz'u'l], T. a. t« scorch, near 
to burning; to broil; Bruasle 
[bruos-u'll, to bum ^ghtly, or 
siugc ; Mid. 

Broach [hnio-h'ch], a steeple, or 
spire, Wh. 01. ; Mid. 

Brock [brok'], a badger; gen. 

Brock [bruk'], tho cuckoospit in- 
sect found on preen leaves in an 
immersion of froth. ' I sweat 
hke a hrock^ [Aa' swi'h't laa'k 
ubrokl. ira. 01.: gen. It is 
usual, but optional, to add the 
a to aural, as to all common 
verbs, by rule. 

Brog [brog], V. n. and v. a. to 
browse, from place to place, aa 
cattle. II'A. 01 ; Mid. The 
term is also personal in applica- 
tion. 'I sliall go to no more 



Btattis (statate-hiriiigs) ; I shall 
Irog at home' [Aa* buI* gaan* tu 
nu me'h'r staat'iz; Aa* bu'1' 
brog* ut* •yaam']. 

BrogWOod [brog'wuod], brush- 
wood; but more particularly the 
undergrowthfl on which cattle 
feed, or browse ; Mid. 

gaa*in tu Thuosk*, tu see* iz* 

Brow [bri'h', broo], a hill ; gen. 

Browl [braow'l], a lack-manners; 

Browl [broo'l, braow'l], sb. and 
y. n. Applied to a gruff, noisy 
state of temper ; gen. * Gbing 
hrowling about in that sa'te 
(way) — t' man 's no hold of nim- 
Belf [Qaan*in broo'lin uboot* 
i 'dhaat* ^'h't — t maan'z neh' 
*aoh-'d u izsen*]. Here there 
are two forms suggestiye of the 
distinctive charac&r of town and 
rural dialect. The two pro- 
nunciations indicated obtain in 
rural dialect ; and in town dialect 
there are two others— [braawl] 
and [braa'l]. These distinctions 
are localized in their pairs, and 
remain a hard-and-fast feature 
of respective phases. 

Bmdder [bruod-'ur] ; or Brither 

Sridh'ur], brother. The first 
rm is general, and the last an 
oocasional Mid-Torkshire one. 
Brou (see), however, is the fa- 
miliar one, generally. 

Bnunmels fbruom-ulz] ; or Bum- 
melkiteajbuom'ulka'y "ts] ,hedge 
blackbemee. Brununel-noBed 
[bruom'ul - nuo*h*zd], said of 
a person who has the toper's 
purple nose. Wh» 01. Boih. 
these terms are heard in Mid- 
York., but only brummdkites m 
Kidderdale, and in each locality 
the subfltantives have a singular 

Bnm [bruon*], adj. brown ; Mid. 

Bnmt [bruont*], adj. precipitous. 
Also, in regard to personal ad- 
dress. Wh. 01. ; Mid. « A hruni 
hill' [U bruont* ill*]. 'He is 
over brunt for some folk (too 
abrupt for some people), but one 
likes him no worse lor it ' [Eez* 
aow'h'r bruont' fu suom* fuo'h'k, 
but* yaan* laa*ks im* nu waa*8 

Bnintling [bruontlin], adj. ap- 
plied to a robust, bnsk person, 
with manners which are greatly 
in one's way ; Mid. * A ^reat 
hruntling fellow— he 'd shift a 
horse, by the look of him' [U 
gri'h't bruon*tlin fel*u, ee*d shift* 
u *aos* bi t li'h'k on* im*]. 

Bnu'eiihearted [bruos-u'naa'tid 
(and) e'h'tid], a4]. heart-broken. 
Also heart-brus'en [aa*tbruos- 
u'n]. Wh, 01.; gen. Brua'en, 
bursty is a constituent of many 
compounds, and is more employ- 
ed m a simple form than tne 
common verb. 

Bnu*enkite [bruos'u'nkaa't (and) 
ka'yt (ref.)]; or Brua'euguts 
[bruos*u'nguots], a glutton ; gen. 

Bmst [bruost*], v. a. and v. n. 
burst ; gen. to the county. Wh. 
Gl. Brua'en [bruo8*u'nj is also 
put to the use of an active verb. 
The past tenses, in each case, 
are [bruost*] and [braast*]; 
[bruos'u'n] and [bros'u'n]. In 
rural dialect [brost*] and [braas*- 
u'n] are additional past forms. 

Bmz [bruoz*], v. a. and sb. 
bruise ; gen. * Thou 's ^tten a 
bonny ("fine," or "sad ) hrm^ 
[Dhooz* git'u'n u baon*i bruoz*]. 

Bnb [buob-] ; or Bubs [buobz*] ; 
&r Barebubs [be*h'buob8*], a 
young naked bird of any kind ; 

Buck [buok*], a roe ; gen. 

Buck [buok*], v. a., v. n., and 
sb. to butt ; Mid. 



Bncker [buok'ur], an ore-crusb- 
ing, or sand-hainiuer; Nidd. 

Bnd^e [buoj*], v. imp. to swell ; 
Mid. ' Look how it 's 


? » 

[•Li'b*k 00* its buojin 

Bnllfl [buolz'], sb. pi. the spiked 
timbers of a harrow ; gen. 

Bnllseg [buol'seg], a castrated 
bull. Wh, Gl, ; gen. 

Bnllspink nbuol'spingk], the chaf- 
finch. Wh, Gl, ; gen. 

Bnllstang [buol-staang], the 
dragon-fly. Wh, Gl,; gen. Also 
Bulltang [buol'taang] ; Mid. 

Bnlsh [buolsh*], y. a. and sb. to 
indent, or bruise, without mak- 
ing a breach, as a plastered wall 
may be huUKd^ or btdahed in, by 
a blow of the foot ; Mid. 

Bumble-bee [buom*u*l-bee*], the 
wild hornless bee. Wh, Gl, ; gen. 

Biun*le [buom'u*l], a state of 
awkwanl bustle ; Mid. 

Bun [buon*], a reed growing in 
hedgerows, and used for candle- 
speUs; gen. 

Bunch [buonsh'], v. a., v. n., and 
sb. to kick. Wh, Gl, ; gen. 
Limited in application to persons, 
and not employed figuratiyely, 
as a simple yero. 

Bunchclot [buonsh -tlaot], a clod- 
hopper. Wh, Gl, ; gen. Not 
much used, but known quite 
well. A * gauyey,' or gawky 
specimen of rusticity, is a 16an- 
gaper nuo'h'n-geh**pur], lane- 
gai)er ; Mid. 

Bur [buor, baor*], y. a. and sb. 
to maintain an doject in position 
by blockage or loyorago, ba the 
wheel of a yohiclo is burred with 
a stone, or a partially raised 
weight is burred up from the 
ground with a crowbar ; gen. 

Burdenband [baod'unbaan], a 
hempen hay-band. Wh, Gl, ; 

Burl [bu'l], V. a. and v. n* to 
pour; gen. At a tea*table» it 
wiU be aaked: 'Who'sgt^ 
to be the burler-out ? ' [We'h'z 
eaa'intubit bu'lur-oot* r] A.S. 

Bum [baom*, buom'J, a consider 
able brook, or stream. Wh, Gl, ; 
Mid. ^e yerb to bum is pro- 
nounced nx>n* (and) baon*], out 
in the suostantiye exampled the 
[r] is inyariably heard. 

Bum-fire ^u-n-faayr, bun-faayr], 
bon-fire. One or other of these 
forms would be what a strangei's 
ear would enoounter in South 
Torkshire. But the form proper 
to the dialect due south is 
bone-fire [buo*h*n-£Eui3rr]. In 
the south-west, the term is, in 
the Halifax district, bun-fire 

Sbuon'faayr] ; and in the Hud- 
ersfield [buon'fiaoyr]. In Mid- 
Torks., and generally north, the 
terms are bun-fire [Duon*&a"r] 
and bon-fire [baon*f aa* t]. ' Baon , 
in the last word, at once suggests 
bum, [ao] short displacing the 
[u] in words of this olass, by 
rule. In the north-west of the 
county, the form is b^an-fire 
[brh'n-f:aa;yr]. * Bi-h'n ' is the 
pronunciation of bone, as in the 
north generally. In refined 
rural dmlect, there is a change 
again to [bao'n-feyr]. 

Bum-lit-on*t ! [baonlitont-l, an 
imprecation, usually without 
more meaning than is associated 
with a passing ebullition of tem- 
per. Wh, Gl, ; gen. 

Busk [buosk'l y. n. to hurry a 
departure ; Mid. ' Now, come, 
bu%k ! ' [Noo, kuo*m, buosk*]» 
be off! 

Busk [buosk'], bush ; Nidd. 

Butter-bump [buot-'u-buomp], a 
buttercup; gen. 

Butterscot [buot*'uskaotl, a sweet- 
meat, compoimded of treacle, 
sugar, and butter. Wh, 01, ; gen. 



Boszard [buoz*adJ, one addicted 
to a state of cowardly afi&ight; 

Bychance [baa-chaans], aa unex- 
pected occurrence ; gen. 

Byelaw [baa-lao-h', baa'lao"]. 
Some jrears ago, an old bellman 
and his wife were wont to per- 
form the round of a north-riding 
village (ToUerton, near Easing- 
wold), and make the following 
announcement, in giving notice 
of a parish-meeting, where the 
overseers* business was trans- 
acted. But, first, the man rang 
his bell, after which proceeding 
the old lady blew a nom, and 
then came the announcement, 
made by the former: *0, yes! 
O, yes ! — this is to rfe n6atiage ! 
Awe*, aweay to t* B^iilaw, to t' 
Skdal-hoose, at seven o'clock to- 
neet ' [Ao*h* yis', ao'h* yis* ! — 
dhis' is* tu gi nuo'h'tij ! Uwi', 
uwi'h' tu t baa*lao'*h', ti t* ski'h'l- 
oos*, ut' sivu'n utlok'tu neet*], 
O, yes ! O, yes ! this is to give 
notice ! Away, away to the Bye- 
law, to the School-house, at 
seven o^clock to-nighi 

Bygang [baa-gaang, baaygaang], 
bypath. Wh, GL ; gen. 

By Ook [baa- Gok- (and) Gaoh'-k], 
a petty oath; gen. in the two 
forms. I Ooclu [I Gok's] is also 
heard, less frequently, with the 
occasional emphatic rendering of 
the pronoun [:Aa"y]. 

Bynames rbaa*ni"h'mz], sb. pi. 
These, attaching to persons, are 
a feature of the manufacturing 
district, and especially of the 
clothing- villages. But the prac- 
tice of conferring bynames pre- 
vails more generally in the rural 
localities. Indeed, almost every- 
thing and everybody is made 
subject to custom in this way, 
but with no harmful feeling. The 
village is known by a byname; 
the diurch, chapel, or meeting- 
bam, have their homely equiva- 

lents in such phrases as * t* aud 
hoose,* — the old house ; * t' aud 
pl^ace,' — the old place ; and 
others less favourably expressive ; 
the hall, and various particular 
dweUings, have their bynames; 
tiie fields about have all names 
of their own, expressive of situ- 
ation, size, character, or, what is 
most common, some traditionary 
association; the people collect- 
ively have their byname to others 
of the neighbouring villages; 
and very many people are known 
individually by other names than 
those, their 'sponsors in baptism 
may be considered as accountable 
for. There is an authentic and 
curious list of old rural bynames 
preserved in connection with the 
muster-rolls of the Dales* Volun- 
teers, who were up in arms at 
the beginning of the present cen- 
tury, for some account of which 
see lie Preface, whore further 
illustrations of bynames will be 

By now rbinoo*], adv. by this 
time. Wh. GL ; gen. 

By-past [baay (and) baa*], 
adj. bygone. TT'^. GL ; Mid. 

Byre [baayhVl, a cowhouse, or 

* mistal ; ' Mid. 

Bystcad [baa*sti*'h*d], usually ap- 
plied to a distinctively-featured 
oyway, as one which is paved, 
used oy vehicles, or flanked at 
intervals by some kind of struc- 
ture; gen. 

Cadge [kaaj*], v. a. and v. n. to 
beg; Mid. A word used pecu- 
liarly. One going with com to 
grindy is taking it to cadge. A 

* cadginpr-mill * is a miller's, or 
flour-mill, and a miller not only 
a * badger,* but also a * cadger.* 
In the Leeds dialect cadge has 
a primary meaning, to heg, and 
a secondary one, to steal. Tlio 
country word * cadger,' for mil- 
ler^ may be of recent and i>or- 




hnps a tiumoTona ori^. It ia 
erroneous to suppose that a vo~ 
cnbulury in aoTor added to. See 
Belloa. Wrirds deecriptivo of 

character, and eepecially words 
describing the moTsment of ob- 
jiictH. Biiinetiiiics aeom to be 
eviilvcd in uommon conrersation. 

Caff [kanf], v. n. to rae ; gen. 
' Caff - hearted ' [kaof- - aatid 
(and) Q-h'tid], chicken-hearted. 

Cogmag [koagiiinag], sb. nnd 
adj. refuse ; any worthlesa ma- 
terial. Used, also, of persona, 
contomptuoualy ; gen. 

CEigment [knng'ment (and) mint], 
sb. sing, and plur. Applied to 
people who are in any w^ of a 
disreputablo character ; IbOd. 

Cai'njy [ke-h'njij, adj. discon- 
tented ; Bour ; croBs-teuipered. 
Wk. G!.; |>en. 

Cake [kfh'kl, v. n. cackle. TI'S. 
Gl. ; Mid. 

Call [kno'h'l], v. a. to abuse ; gen. 
to the county. MTi. 01. The 
■word means, also, to tcold. A 
Bcmtenco of interrogative and 
rcpriuiand, such as is on the 
lipa of motherH many times a 
day, is regarded ae a ' ailing ' 
in<>dium. This form becomes a 
substantive, and has often a 
added when directly signifying 
a »co/diiiif or abutt. So, too, with 
call, a cliildren's subntantiTe, 
which is heard as calU [koo-h'lz]. 

Callin'-band rknalin-baand] ; or 
Cal-band tkaal--baand], the 
guard or natoty-bnnd attached 
to young children : gun. 

Callit [kiwl-it], sb. and v. n. 
gossip ; Mid. 

Cam [koam-], n rise of hedRc- 
ground; gen, •Cam-side'[kaam'- 

Canny [ka-an-i], adj. exact; me- 
tluiilii'al ; careful ; fnir-dealing ; 
nice in appearance ; or nicely 
proportionate ; gon. C'nytny in- 

difidTials are little, brisk, and 
dean - looking. Among the 
crockery kept tor show in a par- 
lour cupboard, a eugor-bssm ii 
sometimes met with, having tha 
jocular inscription, 'Be aii»jr 
with it." 

Canty [kaan-ti], adj. brisk, livelj. 
Wh. Gl. ; gon. 

Cap [kaap*], t. tL to surprise; to 
crown, or conmininBt« ; gen. * I 
was fair eapt' [Aa- wur- fs'h'r 
kaapt'], quite surfirised. ' Well, 
now, that 'a a. eapprr ' [Wee'l, 
noo, dhaate' u kaap-nr], a thing 
to be surprised aL ' That 'a a 
eapprr' [Dhaata* a kaap-ur}, a 
orowner, in the way of ail- 
ment, ' That oapa him * [Dhut' 
kaaps' iin'2, smprieee him. 
' That 'a the capptr of the lot, 
however' [Dhaata' t kaap-oi at' 
lof, oo-ivnr], must b«»r tbi 
palm for nze, quality, dispod- 
tion, or whatever ia under alla- 

Card[keh'd,kaa-d]^ref.),v.a. To 
'card up' a hearthstone ia, in 
a strict way of speaking, merely 
h> separate and remove tbo ashea 
and cinder*, and involves no 
further labour. A mother will 
tell a child to ' card up, ready 
for sweeping ; ' and when the 
refuse is raked up, although 
the floor be cotbtocC with dn^ 
the 'carding' ia completed. This 
limited sense of the word is 
quite understood, although it is 
expanded in common use, and to 
' card up ' a room means, to put 
it generally to rights. It is usual 
to associate the adverb with the 
verb, but the latter ia often used 
alone; gen. 

Ca'ker [kaa'knr], the binding of 
iren on a clog-sole. A miners' 
term ; Nidd. 

Carl [kaal), a foolish, ignonnt 



penlbn. Wh, GL Quefly heard 
in Mid-Yorks. 

Carl [kaa'l], v. n. and sb. gossip ; 

Carling^ [kaa-linz] , sb. pi. grey 
peas. Wh. 61. ; Mid. 

Carly [kaa'li], adj. unmannered ; 

Camy [kaani], v. n. and v. a. to 
entreat; gen. One of the say- 
ing class of words. Where, in 
ordinary English, it would be 
said, tliat a person ' lingered in 
the endeayour to persuade ' an- 
other to some act, the words be- 
tween inverted commas are, in 
the past of the verb, understood. 
* He camied about him for ever 
so long* [Ee kaa*nid uboo't im' 
fur* ivur su laang*]. 

Carr rkaa*r], a low-lying place, 
usually land between ridges; 
Wh. 6i. ; Mid. 

Cat-eollop [kaatkaolup], the in- 
meat belonging to a pig ; gen. 

CathawB [kaat-ao^z, kaat'aoh'z], 
sb. pi. the fruit of the hawthorn. 
Wh. Ql. ; gen. 

Caljng [kaat'juog], the berry of 
the wild, or dog-rose tree ; Mid. 

Cat*whelp [kaat-welp], a kitten. 
Wh. OL; Mid. And, Kitling 
[kit'lin] generally. 

Catwhin [kaat'win], the herb 
' setwall, or valerian ; gen. 

Canmeril [kao'h'mu'ril] ; or Oan- 
meril [gao'h'mu*ril], a crooked 
stick, having a series of notches 
at each end, and used for ex- 
panding the legs of slaughtered 
animala Wh, 01. ; gen. 

Canve [kao-h'vl, v. a. to gravitate 
in mass, as a bank of soft lumpy 
soil will do ; gen. 

Cav* [kaav], cave, cavern; Mid. 

Cave [ke-h'v, ki-hV], v. a. to tilt, 
or overturn; gen. 

Caw [kaoh''], v. n. and sb. to 
breathe hard and imperfectly, as 

when contending with internal 
pain ; gen. * He suffers a deal ; 
he can't get his breath ; he does 
nought but caw* [Ee suofuz u 
di'h 1 ; i kaa*nt git* iz* bri'h'th ; 
i diz* naowt* bud* kao'h']. * One 
can hear his cawa all over the 
house ' [Yaan* kun* i 'h'r iz' kao'h'z* 
yaal* aowh'* t oos]. 

Cazzons [kaaz'unz], sb. pi. dried 
cow-dung; gen. It is used as 
fuel by the very poor. Where 
peat can be had, as on the moors, 
it is in very ^neral use, and 
its cutting, drymg, and stacking 
forms a chief occupation in the 

Cess [ses*], v. a., v. n., and sb. 
to rate, or assesa In very com- 
mon use, and general to the 

Cess [ses*, sis*], v. a. and sb. to 
chastise vigorously. * I '11 cesa 
thee ! ' ['Aai ses* <mu]. I '11 give 
it you I * Thou 11 got some cess 
yet ! ' [Dhiuo'l git* suom* ses* 
•yit'], a threatfcd intimation of 
deservings; gen. 

Cess [ses*], a disturbance ; gen. 

Chaff [chaaf*], v. n. and v. a. to 
choke up, with reference to the 
respiratory organ ; Mid. An 
astnmatical person will say, 'The 
bit of fog this morning fair 
chaffed me up ' [T bit* u faog* dhis* 
mao'h'nin fe'hT chaaft* mu uop'l. 
The figure is intelligible enougn 
inside a bam, where a flail is at 

Chaff [chaaf*] ; or Chaft [chaaft*] ; 
or Caff [kaaf*]. The upper jaw, 
or chap, of an animal; gen. 
• Fig-caff* [pig*-kaaf]. 

Chaff [chaaf*], v. a. to chafe, or 
galL Wh. GL ; Mid. 

Chander [chaan*d'u], chaldron ; 

Channelfl [chaan*ulz], a distor- 
tion of challenge ; Mid. 

Chap [chaap*!, v. n. and v. a. to 
buy and sell, in a chance way : 



Mid. * The last I saw of him he was 
chipping and chapping about at 
Bamaby * [T laast* Aa* seed* on* 
im* i wur* chipin nn* chaap'in 
uboot* nt* Baa'nubi], was job- 
bing about at Barnaby, the great 
Fair held at Boro'bridge, com- 
mencing on St Barnabas* day. 

Chass [chaas*], hurry. Wh. Gh ; 

Chat [chaat*], ore and stone to- 
gether; Nidd. 

Chatter [chaat**ur], a tatter. 
* Her gown was all in chatter a ' 
[Ur* goo'n wur* yaal* i chaat-*uz']. 

Chavvle [chaavu'l], v. a. and v. n. 
to chew imperfectly. Wh, Gl. ; 
Mid. A horse is also said to 
chawU when biting the bit. 

Cheat Fchi-h'tl ; or Sly-cake 

[slaay* (and) siaa* - ki'h*k (and) 
ke'h'k], cakes consisting of an 
upper and lower portion, with 
finiit between. Wh. GL ; Mid. 

Chet [chet*], breastmilk. Wh, 
Gl, ; Mid. 

Chevy [chivi], sb. and v. a. to 
chase ; Mid. * He led me a bonny 

ifine) chevy ^ [Ee led' mu u 
>aon'i chivi]. * Chevy - chase' 
[Chivi-chih'*8], a running pur- 

Chimla [chim'lu], chimney ; gen. 

Chimpings [chim-pinzj, sb. pL 
applied to grain in its earliest 
stage of dressing, but most usu- 
ally to oatmeal. Also, to cum- 
brous particles of any kind, as 
to wood when hacked or minced 
on the surface ; Mid. 

Chip [chip*], V. a., v. n., and sb. 
to trip, or cause to stumble. Wh, 
Gl. ; Mid. Also, to step along 
nimbly, * Yonder she goes, chip- 
ping along* [Yaoh*'n'd*u shu 
gaangz* chip'in ulaang*]. 

Chip [chip*], V. a., V. n., and sb. 
to chap. UTi. Gl, ; gen. to the 
county. Chop [chop'] is, too. 

yeiT generally heard in rural 

Chizzel [chiz-il], bran. WJu OL ; 

Chock [chok*], v. a. and sb. to 

wedge; gen. 

Chub [chuob*], sb. and v. n. a 
wood-log; gen. The lads of a 
yiil^g® go * a-chubbing ' [u-chuob*- 
in] m preparation for bonfire 
night, tiie fifth of Noyember. 
So, too, before Christmas, for the 
wood which is to make the Yule- 

Chubs [chuobz*], sb. pi. briar-fruit, 
of the hard berry kmd. A generic 
term; Mid. 

Chuff [chuof*], adj. expressive of 
a state of hilarious satisfaction, 
whether outwardly exhibited or 
not ; to be gratified at the bottom 
of one*s self ; gen. to the county. 
In connection with proverbial 
phrases, the word is, in many 
mstances, meaningless. In such 
as, * As chuff as a cheese ; ' ' As 
chuff as an apple ; ' ' As chuff as 
two sticks ; * and in the ooarse- 
mouthed person's ' cAu^ as blazes,* 
there is nothing more than vul- 
gar humour, which was never 
meant to be imderstood. 

Chunter [chuon-t*url, v. n. to 
murmur. Wh, Gl. ; gen. 

Cinderwig [sind'uwig], a name 
bestowed upon an ill-natured, 
nigganlly person ; Mid. 

Cla^ [tlaag*], v. n. to adhere, to 
cling, or cleave to. Wh, Gl. ; 
gen. Cleg [tleg*] is the name 
of a large grey fly, which tor- 
ments cattle. * Sticks like a dea 
of (on) a windy day * [Stiks* laa'k 
u tleg- uv u win*d*i di'h^. In 
town dialect, the verb acquires 
the pronunciation of this sub- 
stantive very generally. ' 

ClaggnmTtiaagnun], treacle-toffee ; 
Mid. When rolled into sticks, 
for sale, they are * treacle-sticks ' 
[t*ri*htu*l - stiks]. The Leeds 



juyenile calls them 'rolls of 
sucker ' [rrao'wlz u suok'ur]. 

Clai'k [tleh-'k], the pronmiciation 
of doak ; Mid. 

Cla'ke [tle-h'k], v. a., v. n., and 
sh. to daw, or ' dawk ; ' Mid. 

Clam [tLaam], v. n., v. a., and sb. 
to hunger; gen. Only in very 
occasional use in this sense, and, 
subetantiyely, very slightly. The 
usual meaning of the word is, to 
be parched with thirst. With 
this meaning there is, too, a 
slight substantive use of the 

Claiiie.[tle*h'm], v. a. to cause to 
adhere; to spread, or smear. 
}Vh. 01. ; gen. 

Clammy [tlaami], adj. sticky. 

Wh. QL; gen. 
Clamonome [tlaam'usum], adj. 

clamorous. Wh, 01, ; gen. 

Clamp [tlaamp] ; or Clomp 
[tlaomp-J, V. n. to pace witii a 
clattering noise ; gen. 

Clamper [tiaam'pur], v. a. and 
sb. to daw. Wh, 01. ; Mid. 

dan [tlaan*], a cluster, or gather- 
ing ; a l^ge group. Wh. 01. ; 

Clart [tlaa't], v. a. and sb. to 
smear. Also, figuratively, for 
deceit, or hollow talking. Ap- 
plied, also, to a worthless article, 
or person. Clarty, adj. dirty, 
or dattemly. A housewife is in 
the midst of ' clarty deed * when 
at work on the fire-irons with 
greasy cloths and polishing dust. 
An assembly of disreputable 
persons is referred to as a 
dartment [tlaa'tment] ; gen. 

Clask [tlaash-T, a heavy fall Wh. 
01. ; gen. Clash, also, meaning 
common or newsy talk, as in 
the Wh. 01. t and employed as a 
sb. and v. a. ; Mid. Clashing, 
sb. a severe shaking, or concus- 
sion, as in the Wh. 01. ; gen. 

Clat [tlaat'], sb. and v. n. to 

prate noisily; gen. *None of 
thy dot, there. Lass.' ' I wasn't 
datting* [Ne'h'n u dhi* -tlaat* 
dhi'h', 'lass. Aa* *waaz*u'nt 

Clatter rtlaat*'ur], v. a. and sb. to 
beat with the open hands ; gen. 
to the county. 

Clan'm [tlao-h*m], v. a. to seize, 
and cling to. Ivh. 01. ; Mid* 

Clawer [tlaavurl, v. n. and v. a. 
to clamber; Mid. 'Clamber' 
[tlaam'ur] is also employed, 

Clawer [tlaavur], sb. A rabble- 
like heap of people. Wh. 01.; 
Mid. Speaking of a procession, 
it will bo said, that the persons 
composing it went orderly to 
begin with, but * were i' dawer$ 
at t' end on *t * [wur* i tlaavuz 
ut* t ind* ont'], became a rabbly 
throng at the end of it. 

Clawt [tlaoh*'t], V. a. to claw 
in an mdedsive quick manner; 

Cleats [tli-h'ts], sb. pL coltsfoot ; 

Cl^az Ftli-h'z] ; or Cl&az [tle-h*z] ; 
or Cloaz [tluoh'*z]; or Clauz 

SEU)h-'z], sb. pi. clothes; gen. 
e first is strictly the northern, 
and the third the southern form. 
The second is most used. The 
last is the refined form in use. 

Cled [tied-], pp, dad. Wh. Gl. ; 

Cletch [tlech'l. A brood, as of 
chickens; also, a section of a 
party. Wh. 01.; gen. 

Clengh [tliw] ; or Clnfe [tli\vf •], 

a narrow rocky pass, or glen. 
Wh. 01.; gen. Clfiaf [tmi-'f] 
is also a general form. 

Click [tlik'], V. a., v. n., and sb. 
to snatch. Wh. 01. ; gen. * It 's 
bad dxdeing butter out of a 
dog*s throat' [It's baad* tlik'in 
buot**ur oot* uv u dogz* thri'h't]. 
'Bagged folks and fine folks 



there 's always a clicking at' 
[Eaagd* fuo-h'ksun'fea-nfuo-h'ks 
dhuz* yaal'us u tlik'in aat*]. 

Click [tlik*], a familiar term 
amongst miners for money earn- 
ed or gained in addition to re- 
gular wages ; Nidd. 

Click [tlik-l, V. imp. to shrivel. 
But usually employed "^dth the 
adverb * up ' — ^to * click up/ as in 
the Wh, GL ; Mid. 

Clicket [tlik-it], a large wooden 
salt-box, with a sloping lid, on 
hinges, and made to hang against 
the wall ; gen. 

Clinch [tlinsh-], v. a. clutch. 
Also, in the sense of sudden con- 
tact, as in the Wh, GL *I 
clinched wi' him anent t* fold- 
gate * [Aa* tlinsht* wi im* iment* 
t fao'h'd-yaat*], I came in con- 
tact with him against the fold- 
yard gate ; Mid. 

Clipper [tlip-ur], one of the best. 
Wh, Gl, ; gen. to the county. 
Not much used by old people, 
but always on the tongues of the 
younger. *A clijtj)er to go* [U 
tlip'ur tu gaang*], a fine one 
to go. *IIe has got a clipper 
for his gaflfer* [Eez* git'u'n u 
tlip-ur fur* iz* gaaf'urj ; which 
may be taken to mean, either 
that he has got the best or the 
worst of persons for his master ; 
but the torm does not usually 
convey irony. Clipping [tlipin J, 
adj. * A clippiny lot,* a fine lot. 

Clippers [tlip-uz], scissors. Also, 
occasionally denoting shears ; 

Cliwis [tlivis], a spring-hook. 
A miner's term ; Nidd. 

Clock [tlaok-], the downy head 
<>i a dandelion. Possibly a figur- 
ative ui)pollation, having its ori- 
gin among children, who, in 
their play, pluck the plant, at 
this stage of its g^rowth, to blow 
away thn down, m onler to toll 
' what o'clock ' it is. This is done 

by repeated efforts, and the time 
of day is reckoned by that last 
breath which releases the last 
particle of down ; gen. 

Clock [tlaok-l ; or docker [tlaok- 
ur], a beetle ; gen. The unUh' 
man-beetle gets the name of * fly- 
ing-docker" [fleein-tiaok'ur]. 

Clodder [tlod-'url; or Clotter 
[tlot'*urJ, a stiff curdle; gen. 
'That's crudded (curdled), but 
this is all of a doUer ' [Dhaat's 
'kruod'id, bud' dhis* iz* *yaal' uu 
-tiot-'ur]. Clod and Clot are 
employed as yerbs neuter with 
this meaning. 

Cloddy Fclod'i], a4j. applied to 
living objects with a short, thick- 
set, neshy appearance ; Mid. 

Close [tluo'h's] adj. near, or paisi- 
monious ; ^n. Close-n^ayed 
[tluo*h*s - m'h'vd], dose - fisted. 
This is the common pronuncia- 
tion, but old people mvariably 
employ [tli'h'sj generally, and 
[tle-h's] in Mid-York. 

Clot [tlot-], dod; gen. In the 
common proverbial phrase, 'Ai 
cold as a clot * [Uz* kao'h'd ur a 
tlot'], the article is often dis- 
pensed with, [Uz* kao'h'd uz' 

Clour [tluoh'r], a swelling on the 
head, raised by a blow of any 
kind. Wh. GL ; Mid, 

Clout [tloot], y. a. and sb. to 
beat Wh, GL ; gen. to the 
coimt^. Usually restricted in 
meamng to beating with the 
hand, and about the head. An 
angry mother often poimoes on 
the dishcloth, as the likeliest 
thing to hand, wherewith to 
chastise a child, and, whei\ this 
is the case, it is ^rmissible to 
say that the child is being 
* clouted all over' [tloot'id yaal* 
aowh'r], the cloth Deing a clout 
Or, when a mother snatohes the 
cap off the head of her offspiing, 
for an angry purpose, then 
the douting may be of a general 



cbBTSoter too. A motlier'B lib- 
eiftl but precise instructiona to 
the village pedagoaiie, with re- 
spect to a ' tareatnl ' of ft child 
— one of an incorrigible diapoai- 
tion — are, that the child ' mav 
be douted -well, but not hit wim 
anything' [mu bi tloot'id wee*l, 
but' nit- 'it'u'a wi naowt']. 

Clow [tlaow], T. a., V. n., and sb. 
to work at a preesure, toiling with 
the hand. Cloirer [tkowur], 
aTigorousworkerwith the hands. 
There ia always implied, in the 
verb and substantive alike, a 
wrambling, weU-meant activity 
— an induatriooa ' tooth - and- 
nail' attack upon th« work in 
hand. FA. Ot. ; gen. 

dowdmah [tloo- (and, ref.) tlaow- 
tlaaah'], a state of confusion of 
thinga. WK 01. ; Uid. 

Cloy [tlaoy], ' As drunk as eloy ' 
[Ua- d'ruongk- nz- tlaoy]. Wh, 
01, An axpraasion constantly 
heard in Mid-Tork, too, and 
also in the Leeda district. 

Clve [tliw], a ball of string. 
Wh. 01. ; gen. 

Cliuu [tlnom-], ac^. moist and 
adhesive, as old moae in a flower- 
pot; Uid. 

Clnthiur [tlaodh-at] ; or dodder 

sb. to dtu 

yPh. 61.. ^ 
Olathttrmmt [tlnod-'ument], a 
oolleot«d rabble, or throng, aljout 
any object. Olnddw [tluod''ur1 
ia also a form of the verb, used 
KeneraUy. ' There wur (was) a 
bonny (fine) ditdder ot folks' 
[Dhu wur u baoQ-i tluod-'ur u 
Co' [kuo-}, T. n. come. This 
usage, frequent in Hie mining- 
dales, in respect to this and other 
different words, as mool hi 
ail [aoh-'l. wail [waoh-^, 
[kaoh-"], &c, ia ""' 

Uid- Yorkshire, and the soutli, 
apart from Craven. 

C6at [kuoh't, kwuoh't]. Old 
people frequently use this word 
for gown f goo-n], the more gener- 
al term. The younger genera- 
tion connder the usage droU; 

Cobble [kaob-u'I]; or Cob [kaob-], 
sb,,T.a. andv.n. Apaving-stone 
gate one or other of these names 
(also cob-, or cobble - atonft 
fkaob'-sto"h'n, koob'ul-ste-h'n]), 
but these are commonly applied 
to stonea naturally rounded, and 
of which, indeed, country paving- 
stones usually couKist. Cobble, 
V. a. and v. n. to stone, H^. Ql. ; 

Cobble-tree [kaob ul-t'iee- (and) 
Vrih''l, a tnice-rodof any kind; 

Cobby ptaob'i], adj. healthy and 
cheerful; in good spiiito. Wh. 
01. i gen. 

Cob-hole [kaob-uo'-li'I], a place 
too small fbr any ordinary pur- 
pose is BO BtigmatiEed ; Uid. 
' T» '. . — I. - i."je cob- '-'- " 
ad fit 

- [?'«■ ' - 
laa-tu'I -kaobuo-hl uz- ■nivu 
waa eih-'n, un' fit' fur' 'neh-'- 
bdi tu liv in']. 

Cooklig'ht [kok'leet'], used, fami- 
liarly, to denote the dawn of 
day, or the time of cook-crow- 
ing. Wh. al. ; Uid. 

Cod [kaoa-1 pod. Wh. Gl.; 

Coddle [kaod'u'l], V. a. to roast 
fruit, &c., as apples, and shelled 
beans. When the lattor crack, 
they are coddltd; Uid. 

Coddy [kaod-i], adj, applied to 
any little thing; gen. A 'aMy- 
fial ' [kaod-ifih'l] is a little foal 
In mdderdale, a * coddy-c&tik ' 

Ekood'ikih'k] is a child's cake. 
'ailed also a ' curr'n-cotUy ' 
[kuor''n-kaod'i], from the usual 



sprinkling of comuita it is 
favoured vith. 

Cod^ [kaoJji, kucHlji], adj. ap- 
pliHil to anjUuug very little in 
size, or quautity ; gen. 

Coif [kao-jf], a woman's cap. 
W/i. Gl.! gen. The common 
kind of eoif is mado of plain or 
M-orkcd lawn, with a frilled 
'Bcrocd,' or border, of an out- 
standing aspect. That -worn 
as a superior kind is usually of 
lace, oven to the ' screeds,' shich 
oyerlay each other as a border. 
The affluent amoug the farmers' 
wives go tho leng^ of silk trim- 
mingB, tho flat looped style of 
which is unoltorable, and the 
colour of the ribbon must be 
white, even to wear on funeral 
days. Coif, Lke many other 
terms, is used only in houscbold 
talk, andamong the people thcm- 
solvcB ; and ' lawnd cap ' and 
'not cap,' for the one or the 
other kind, are terms always in 
readiness, to save the appearance 
of vidgarity. 

CoUoge [koluo-b'g], an assembly 
iif persons ; Mid, The term 
usually im]>lies some element ot 
disorder. As a verb and tidjeciivi 
it ie in very general use, but its 
substantive employment ia rare. 

Collop [kaol'upl, a slice of meat ; 
but most usiuJly applied to moat 
of one kind. ' A ham-eoi/(>p ' [U 
1' kol"upl, ' A hacon-cultvp ' 
bo'ku'n Mol-U] " "' 


Tho word 
) used figuratively. ' A dear 
colhip' or bargam. ' C<///oj' 
Monday,' in Shrove week, a day 
on which ruNhors of bacon form 
the staple article of dinner-tables, 
and ai'e begged as an ' aumas ' by 
the pitor jjGuple, who go about 
in U'trgar character on this day. 
Coney [kiioh'nil, usually applied 

to a young rabbit; gen. 
Conny [kon-i, kaon-i], iiiterj. an 
c-iiiresHiou of mock - bowilder- 
uicut ; gon. ' Cunnij, bairns!' 

Conny [kon-i, knoh-'ni, kaoni], 
adj. a diminntive expnesiTe of 
endearment, and nsnally joined 
to liUU ; gen. ' A larl (Uttle) 
conny thing' [U laa'l kuoli''ni 
thin^'], ' A conny Tee thing,' a 
very little thing. 

Consate [konseb't], t. n., t. a., 
and sb. to fancy. Wh. Gl.'; gen, 
to the county. ■ I can't contatt 
that man's &ce, BOfiieliow' [Aa* 
kaa-nt konse'h't dhaat' maanr 
fl'h's, Buom-oo'*], said in respect 
of a face ezdtii^ antipathy. ' A 
WHSaled body' [U konee'h'tid 
baodi], aTainperaon. 'leontalet 
he 11 come this way again ' [Aa' 
konse'h'ta il' kuom' dbis' wi' 
ugi'h'n], I should think he 'U 
come this way again. Of a poorly 
person, who has no appetite (or 
anything, it wiU be aain, that he 
* coninta nought ' [konee'hts 
naowt], can &ncy nothing; or 
that he haa ' no connate for nou^t' 
[ne-h' konse-h't fu naowt-]. The 
moonlight is said to put the light 
of stroct gas-lampe ' out of Gon- 

Coom [koom], an edge of any- 
thing, as of dirt, or sand ; gen. 
It is used in a petty sense. 

Coop [koo'p], a coal-scuttle. Wh. 
Gl. ; gen. 

Cora [kuoli'n], a grain, or par- 
ticle; gen. A 'corn of tobacco' 
tbaak'u}; a ' (orii ot powder' 
poo'd'url; a 'comofrice [raa-s]. 
Ae Wh. Gl. has 'aand-cooni' 
[saan-kuo'h'n], also common. 

Corncrake [kuo'h'nkreh'k] ; or 
Drftkerhan [d'ri'h'kur.e-n], tho 
landrail ; gen. 

CorpBO-yat [kaoh'ps-yaat], a lich- 
gate. Wk. Gl.; gen. 

Cote [kuo-li't], a shed for email 
cattle, or fowls. Wh. GL ; gen. 

Cot-honu [kaot'oos], a very small 
cottage. ' Gang to t' <X)t-h<mit, 



r t* wood, an' ax t' aud deame 
whether she 's hear'd any tell of 
her lad yet * [Gkuing* tit* kaot'oos 
it* wuoh**d Talso [wih^'d]) un* 
aaks* t ao*h d di'h'm wid**ur 
ahuz* yi*h*d aon*i til* uv aor* 
laad' yit*1, whether she has 
heard anything of her son yet; 

Gotten [kot*u*n1, v. a. and y. n. 
to be adapted; to fit, or agree 
with. Wh. GL In Mid- Yorkabire 
this word is not altogether of that 
abstract character noted in the 
GLf butisfreely applied to persons 
and things. A coat ' cottens well,' 
fits welL * Cotten thyself up, 
and then cot t' house up a bit ' 
rKot*u'n dhisen* *uop*, un* dhen* 
tot* t 'oos* uon* u bit*]. Cotten 
also, y. a. to (mastise. 

Cotter [kot*'url, y. a. and y. n. 
to entangle; nh»GL; gen. Cot 
[kot*] is also used. Bad fleeces 
of wool are chiefly faulty in being 
coUedf or 'run up to felt' com- 

Cetterils [kot-'rilz (and) kaoh-'t'- 
rilz], sb. pi. materials ; property 
in general. Wh, Gl, ; Mid. 

Conl [koo'l], a swelling on the 
headj produced by concussion; 
Mid. fKaow'l] is also heard, 
and is employed as an adivt verb, 
Thia form has an identical usage 
in the Leeds district, but has a 
commoner form in [kraaw'l], yul- 
garly [kaa*l]. These two last 
forms are general in the south. 
In Nidderdale, usage corresponds 
to that of Mid- York., in restric- 
tion to a substantiye form [ki'h'l]. 

Coup [kaowp], y. n. and y. a. to 
fell and oyertum. Usually em- 
ployed with over as an adyerb. 
•BJe couped oyer' [Ee kaow'pt 
aowr*]. Wh, Gl, ; gen. 

Coup [kaowp*], V. a. and y. n. 
to exchange. Couping-word 
[kaow*pin-waod], the last word at 
a bargain. Wh, Gl, ; gen. Swap 
[swaap*] ; or Soap [suoh*'p] ; or 

Sw6ap [swuoh*'p]. The two last 
are additional forms. Swap and 
BWoap are the more usual forms 
in Mid- York., coup being con- 
fined in usage to old people. This 
word is much used in Lower Nid- 
derdale. S6ap is, too, more of an 
Upper Nidderdale than a Mid- 
York, form. Horse - couper 
[Aos* kaowp* -ur], horse-dealer. 

Courting [kuo'h'tin], courtyard ; 

Conther [kaowdhur], y. n. and 
V. a. to recover ; to reinyigorate. 
The past participle is given in 
the JVh, Gl, In Mid- York, the 
verb is also in common use. A 
person thinking of going to the 
sea --side, for the recovery of 
health, will be greeted with the 
question, * Then you are going 
to couther up a bit ? ' [fihen* 
yi'h'r gaa*in tu kaow*dhur uop* 
u bit* K] 

Cow [kaow*], y. n. and y. a. to 
walk with the feet sideways — not 
to lay them flatly. A *coW' 
heeled' boot is one having the 
heel worn down on one side only. 
Wh, Gl, : gen. 

Cow [kaow], V. n. go, impera- 
tively. Wh, Gl, ; Mid. * Thou's 
going to go ! ' [Dhooz* gaa'in 
tukaow*]. * CW-away!' [I^w*- 
uwo-h' !], Be off ! 

Cow-clag [koo'-tlaag], sb. and 
y. a. the caked matter usually 
seen fast or dogged to the hair 
of sheep and cattle ; cow-dung ; 
gon. *Thou must not lie thee 
down in the cow - pasture or 
thou '11 get cow'dagged * [Dhoo* 
muon* ut lig* dhu doon* it* koo*- 
paast'ur, u dhool* git* koo*- 
tlaagd]. In this wora the pro- 
nimciation is always [koo*], as is 
that of cow. 

Cow-gate [koo*gih*t], a pastur- 
age, or * gateago ' [gih^'tij], for 
one cow. Wh, Gl. ; gen. In 
many parishes, a large pasture 
(the one, it often happens, most 



difficult to cultiTate) is usually 
allotted to the poor b}r the owner 
of the soil, at a nominal rental, 
or otherwise. The 'gates* are, 
in most cases, ima^:inatiye areas, 
and the cows feed in common. 

Cow-soot [koo'skaot, skuot, and 
skut] ; or Cow-sort fkoo'suoh't]. 
The cushat, or ring-aove ; gen. 

Craokey [kraak-i], a soft-brained 
person; gen. 

Ciuokfl [kraaks], new& Wlu Gl ; 

Crake [kreh*k, krih'k], crow, or 
rook. Wh. GL ; Mid. ' As black 
as a crake' [TJz* blaak* uz* u 
kre'h'kl. Also as a y. n. to talk 
in a blatant manner; and, to 

Cramble [kraam-u'l], y. n. to walk 
in a cramped or spasmodic man- 
ner, as tlux)ugh pain, infirmity, 
or exhaustion. Cram'elly 
[kraam'uli], adj. in a cramped 
state. Wh, 01, : gen. 

Cramp-ring pcraamp'-ring], a ring 
made out of old coffin-lead, and 
worn as a preseryative against 
cramp. Wh, Gl, ; Mid. Old 
coffins, of lead, or stone, are 
* troughs * [f ruof's, t'ri'h'fe]. 

Cransh [kraansh*], y. a. and 
sb. to crunch, or craimch; to 
crush gritty matter underfoot. 
Cranahv, gritty. Wh, Gl, : gen. 
The yerb is also used in a pecu- 
liar way. * Give oyer (up) eating 
that apple ; thou cranshes my 
teeth witn it ' [Gi aowh'r yi'h'tin 
dhaat* aap'ul; dhoo kraan'shiz 
maa' ti'h'tn wi t], sets my teeth 
on edge with it. Toth [tuoh-'th], 
the pronunciation of tooth. Also 
[ti-h'th](8inff. andplur.), [Ti'h'dh], 
y. a. to toom. 

Cratchet (kraat'chitl, the crown 
of the head. Wh. GL; Mid. 
Also, Cratch. 

Crattle [kraat-u'l]; or Crattle 
[kruot'u 1], a crumb ; Mid. 

Craulor [kiaaziur], of the nature 

of asereretaak; Ifid. Tlieword 
is sometimeB joined to up. In 
allusion to haymg caught a yery 
bad cold, a person will aaj, 'I foi 
a erazzler on Saturday, with going 
to themarket* [Aa* gaat* ukraas'- 
lur u Set*'urda wi gaangon ti t 
meh-^t]. Of a difficult task im- 
posed on one, it will be said, ^IVe 
gotten a eraatler-wp this time' 
[Aa*y git*a*n a kraac'lur-uop' 
•dhis* taa*m]. 

Crasilety [kraazu'lti], a^j. 
rickety; gen. 

Cr^ak [kri'h'k], a pot or pan-hook ; 

Creaker [kii'h*'kurl a spring- 
rattle, from a chilas plaything, 
to the article carried by a night- 
watchman. Wh. 01. ; gen. 

Cr^ Poi'h'l], y. a. to wind twine, 
or anything of the kind, is to 
erecU it < Who's is this baU?' 
' Let thou it alone ; it was ereaUd 
for t' larl un' (the little one). 
[We-h'z iz- dhis- bao'h'l P lif 
•dhoo* it* ule'h'n; it* wur 
krihld fii t -laa-l un'l. The 
process of doing samplers, or 
other worsted needle-work, is 
spoken of as crealing ; Mid. 

Cree [kree ], y. a. to parboil, or 
seethe, as wheat which, after 
being bruised, is prepared for 
*fruinity,' on * Yule-een.* Wh. 
GL ; gen. 

Creeping Poi'h'pinz], sb. pL the 
cold shiyeiy sensations attending 
colds newly caught. 'Wh. OL; 

Cremlin [krem*lin, krim-lin], the 
tub or bx)ugh used in preparing 
leayened bread ; Mid. 

Crewel [kriw-il], a reel, or bobbin ; 

Crewtle pcriw-tu'l], y. n. to re- 
gain strength; gen. 'Then, 
you 'ye crewued up a bit ? ' HDhen* 
yiy kriw'tu'ld nop* u wt* P], 
are recoyering a little P 



Ciioket [krek'it], a stool, usually 
with unabaped upright ends na 
mipportan, m place of legs ; Hid. 

Crilllde [krinkn'l], v. n., t. a., 
and eb.lobeiid tortuously; Mid. 
Of a twistiiig pathway, it will 
be Mid : * It crinkUt round, but 
goee straight at after' (after- 
vaida). {Tb" krin'ku'lz roo'nd, 
but* raangz' et'ri'li't ut' if't'ur]. 
The last word aleo changes tl^ 
initial Tovel to [e]. 

Crob [kraob'], v. a. to rebuke, 
in a short, tough manner. Wk. 
01. ; gen. 

Crookenly j[kiaoli''kanli], crock- 
ery ; lliiT The rie^t pronun- 
ciation of such wor£ aa this one 
is not easy to the iliit«Tat«, and 
the endeavour to pronounce them 
at all is a mark of the character 
of rural dialect, which does not 
exhibit the Tatiety of contrac- 
tions observable in town dialect. 
Bome of these are gross, to eye 
and ear alike, and only because, 
as the nieaker is wont to say, 
he 'cant lap t' tongue round 

Crook [krih'kl JOT- Cruke [kri wk], 
the wry-neck disease, in cattle 
or aheep. Also, as in Wh. Gl., 
a cursory term for ' the crooA 
in the 1^ when it stands out in 
a twisted form, from the eSecta 
of/eUou;' gen. 

Crook [krih-'k];orCrnke[kriwk-], 
a crotchet, or whim. A ' fond 
cruJte' [&ond- krih-'k], a foolish 
whim. Wh.6l.i gea. The first 
form is most frequently used in 
Mid-York., OB the last IB in Nid- 
derdale. This note applies, too, 
to the reapectiTe forme immedi- 
ately preceding these. 

Crop [krop], applied to the throat, 
or locality of the windpipe ; gen. 
One who manifests hoarseness is 
alluded to aa having a ' riasty 
crop.' See Sfaat. 

Ciou [kruos- (and) kros]. ' He 

begged like a cripple at a cro*t' 

Sbegd- laa-k u krip-ul ut* u 
OB-]. Wh. Gl.; gen. 'Like 
a cripple at a gate [Laa-k u 
krip-ul ut u yaat-] ; Mid. ' Hia 
way is a long one, but there's 
a statt and a crou at the end 
of it' [Iz'_ wi'h'z u laang- on', 
bud' dhuis' a etaav* un' u kmos' 
ut' t ind- ont'], beggm7 at the 
end, said of a youthfiil prodigal. 

Crou-gaang ^ruos- (and) kros-- 
gaang] ; or Droaa-gate [kruoa- 
fand) kios-ge-ht, for) gi-h't], a 
crosa-way. Wh. Gl. ; gen. 

Crowdlfl [ktoawd-u'l] ; w Cruddle 
[kruod'ull, V. u. and v. a. to 
huddle. Wh. 01. : gen. Also 
erouther |kroodh-ur]; Mid. The 
neuter verb croudle [knxi'du'l] 
is also in use generally, idgnify- 
ing the position of kneeling and 
stooping together. 

Crowdy [kroawdi], a preparation 
-of oatmeal and water, usually 
'lined' with milk, when in a 
parboiled state, and afterwards 
eaten with aalt, or treacle and 
milk. Wh. GL; gen. 

Crowp [kroaw-p], t. n. creep. 
An oda form of tike present t«nae 
of the verb, in occasional use; 

Crowp [kroaw'p],v.ti. to grumble, 
in a subdued toue. Also applied 
to the rumbling noise of the 
stomach when flatulent Wh. 
Gl.; Mid, 

Crowse [kroaw-zj, adj. brisk ; in 
— ■■■■Htly condition. Wh. Gl,; 


Cmddle [kruod-u'l] ; or Crnd 
rkruod], V. n. and v. a. to conlle. 
Oruda [kruodz-], curds. Wh. 

Cmne [kriwn], v. n. to bellow, 
as a buU; gen. This is the 
uauol Niddenlole pronuuciatioD. 
The usual Mid- York, one is 

Cniiulion[kruon-ahus]; orSonu- 


■lion [gkraou'shim], a brokoi 
morsel; gen. 
Cnuh[erua6h-] ; orKMh[nio«L], 
a cruwd. Also a merry-making. 
Wh. Gl. ; Mid. 

Coddy [kiKid-i] ; or Siekej-dui- 
nock [ilik-i-duoD'ok], a small 
bedgo-bud. similar iu size and 
uppeanuic« to a young grey 
liuuet ; Mid. 

Cnddf rtuixl-i]. aJj. of an orei^ 
cuiviiu. paivimoQious disposi- 
tion; Mid. 'It wants a euiidv 
one to be in a buuae with Bucb 
outgoings ad tbera ia here' [It' 
Taauta- u kuodi Tun- tu bi" iv 
u oo's wi saVk oot' - gaanginz 
uz" dhur' iz- ih'r], It vanta 
une of the nkve-all sort to be in 
bouw Tritb such an expendi- 
ture as tiere is here. 

Cuddy-doth [tuo.ii-tle'L'lL (or) 
tli"h"th], the napkin u»ed to cover 
the face of a buliy at the time cj 
christening; Mid. 

Cnp [kuop' 1] an iJiomalic word 
whii'b no dialect-spcuking native 
of the locobty whore it in in use 
ia able to exjilaiu. In the inter- 
jectional phiute, ' Hey. iritb a 
tup." ht'yt wiJh' u kuop'l] 
the whole tneaning is couivuk'nt 
to, Ci'uie Ai-rv, ytiiVA'/w .' In * Cup, 
flip stir I ' there is m nip a sug- 
gestion of the word conte. These 
ciiii phrases are, in the locality 
alluded to, referred, in origin, to 
a former resident there, a fanner 
of eccentric habits. Mr Skeat 
interprets the word very clearly, 
as follows : ' I h;ive heard both 
[kuop-]. [kuo nop-], and [kuom- 
uop'l all used iu the same way. 
" With a tup,"— with a (oiiir-up, 
i. e. with an exhortation to bof te. 
Tb« familiar "come up !" of the 
London cofltermonger. 

Cum [ku-n, kun'1 ; or Con 
rknon'l; orCuao [kuoh''n]; or 
CiKU (Ub-'n]; or Con [kon-. 
kaon'], currant. One of those 


-words which are thtis diatanct- 
ively varied in prosnndation. 
The last four are general nual 
forms, [kih-'n] bemg the broad 
dialect one. The Ust, [kon-. 

of the first form are not unbeArd 
in the rural parts, but are, strict- 
ly, the town fianus. 

Ciulilady [kuoshleh'dil; or Cow- 
ladr [kooleh'di] ; or Dowdy- 
cow [doo'ikoo"], the lady- 
bird ; gen. The subject of many 
children's rhymes. 

Cdttui [kuoviu], a periwinkle; 

Dacity [daas'uti], capacity; tbe 
ability to undertake, or conceive. 
iVh. Gl. Common to the central 
parts of Torkshire. A mudi- 
uaed word. Perhaps merely de- 
prived of the prefix aa, and 
warped in meaning. See "li" 

Dad-of-all-TiagUila r<laad'-u- 
yaal'-ring'teb'lz], applied to 
those who are eminently mi«* 
chievoiia, or of notorious charac- 
ter; Mid. 

Baffhead [ilaafi -li'd], a coward. 
117.. Gl. ; gen. 

Baffle [Jaaf'u'l], v. a. and eb. 
to deafen ; to be in a mazed 
sbite. DafBy is also used *ub- 
tfautirdy in the kst sense. Wk. 

Ba^ [deg', da{^;-], v. a. and v. n. to 
sprinkle, by droppings from the 
hand, as is done m preparing to 
fold rough-dry linen. Used sub- 
stantively, too, for a large drop 
of water. Sagged, pp. iu a 
drop- wet state ; Mid. 

Bag:lockB [daag-luks] ; or Bay- 
lock* [de-h'luks], sb. pi. the 
coarse tup wool of a fleece, from 
which inferior garments are 
made; Mid. The lii«t pionunci- 



ation is famished by a York cor- 

Dale [di-li'l, de-hl], dole ; Mid. 
A dusa^pearin^ custom is that 
of 'giving dcue^* in connection 
with the funeral of one who had 
been a person of substance. 
After this has taken place, the 
parish poor people, of all ages, 
assemble in a field, near of ac- 
cess, and some principal farmer, 
who is usually in authority as 
overseer, proceeds to * give dale J 
This consists of money, bread, 
cheese, and ale. The old people 
get about threepence, the chil- 
dren a penny, and all a good 
share of the edibles. The quan- 
tity of ale dispensed to each per- 
son is supposed to be limited to 
a draught. 

Dallycraw [daal*ikrao"h*],a name 
applied to a loitering child ; Mid. 

Same [di-h'm, do'h'm], the usual 
title of a married or an old 
woman. Wh, OL ; gen. 

Damsdil [daamz'dil], the damson 
plum; gen. 

Dander [daan'd'ur], v. n., v. a., 
and so. to tremble heavily. 
Wh, Gl, ; gen. * Thou danders 
like an old weathercock — hold 
still with thee ! ' [Dhoo daan*- 
d*uz laa*k un ao'h'd widh'ukok* 
— aoh'*d stil* wi dhu !] 

Dappys [daap-iz], sb. pi. deserv- 
ings ; Mid. ' He has got his 
dappya* [Eez* git'u'n iz* daap'iz]. 

Dark [daa-k], v. n. to listen. Wh, 
01. ; gen. 

Dark-aelyidged [daa-k-sil-vijd], 

adj. heathenish m appearance; 
Mid. ' What a dark-sdvidged 
crew they are I ' [Waat* u daa*k- 
8il*v^'d loi'h' dhe* :aa'r !] 

Dauby [dao-h'bi], adj. dirty. 
Applied to persons. Wh, GL ; 

Daul [dao-h'l], v. a. to exhaust 
the -strength, patience, or ap- 

petite. Wh, Gl, ; gen. Stall 
[stao'hl], a similar verb, is in 
yet more use, but with some 
contrast of meaning. The first 
word usually conveys the idea 
of satiety. A dauled person is 
not angrily excited, as a * stalled ' 
one may be, for the reason that 
a sick or worn-out mind has no 
object beyond itself. A person 
may be * stalled,' or tired, of 
doing and thinking twenty times 
during the day, but only dauled 
out at the end of it. 

Damn [dao*h*m], sb. and v. a. a 
smaU portion, or morsel. * Daum - 
ed out,' dealt out scantily. Wh, 
GL; Mid. 

Danm [daoh-'m], sb. and v. n. a 
faintness of feeling; gen. *It 
was nought very bad, but it was 
a daumish feel (feeling), like' 
[It* waar* 'naowt vaar'u* baad* 
Dud* it* wur* u daoh*'inish fee'l, 

Dawk [dao-h*k], v. n. to idle: 

Dawp [dao'h'p], v. a. to soil by 
touch; Mid. 

Dawps [dao'h'ps], a slattern ; gen. 

Daytal [de-h'tu'l], adj. The word 
is never used alone. * A daytal 
man,' a day-labouring man. 
* An old daytal wife ' [Un ao'h'd 
de'h'tu'l waa'f], an old day- 
labouring woman. *I*m going 
to daytal ploughing ' [Aa'z boon* 
tu de'h'tul pliw'inj ; gen. 

Daytal -dick [de-h'tul-dik-], a 
familiar term for a daytal-man, 
or farm-labourer, paid by the 
day; Mid. 

Dazzity [daaz*uti], the perform- 
ance of a challenging action of 
stren^h or skill ; Mid. It is a 
juvenile term. One lad will set 
others a dazzity by walking 
through a pond, or by an action 
of trespass which involves risks ; 
and those who successfully imi- 
tate all that has been done 

-T'3B23SIZX ^jjQEJlST- 

"Eriifis "SB 3BBsinEa jf la mnuiim .-" 

TV *>! ■ fHI- 

»"«. <;:. . MEiL 



tn— i&T I ■ 'Aff-V 'ii'i'ri 2a*T- as- 

Uov; Mad. 

The ^«atA-A«>«£frf cl a coontnr ; 
rilljLge are ilrxaSt two. Tber • 
are peraocs w1m> eo froQ fAriJi 
to parish, as a torial ccconv 
carrying analL black stcoU» 
called * buffets ' rbaofits". on i 
which the coflin is rc«ted while ! 
the funeral hpnn is being sung J 
|in the open air, in front of the 
boose where the oorpee has lain. 
These stools are also nsefol on 
the way to church, distant, in 
some cases, sereral miles. Some 
parishes hare got their public 
hearse, but this Tehicle finds no 
laTOur. Its use is objected to on 
•operstitious grounds. 

StetUj [di'h'thlil adj. pale; 

IMftye [di-hV], p. t of dice; 
Mid. in America, dovt, 

lMft76 [dihV], V. a. to deafen. 
Wh. 01. ; gen. 

Dtexa [di'h'z], y. a. to blight, or 

of any kind. 

'Lstf-^fi^aiiaclnre; Mid. 

JS»V. T. a. to ckanft; 
psL^ "XaSsackdkand just derf 
;aii2 k3i3»' ^Bsk* u tk)ot im 

Otft '^3e£^l. «iL Mai; derer. 


- 1 ' ^ \ 

L a nimaical tenn. 

naBibcr ; a * fine lot. 
[dibee-tBiim]y ad|j. 

Sdre [deh-, dibr-l, t. a., t. il, 
acd sbc to bnnse, or indent ; to 
^^. Also* in the sense of dose 
application to any kind of work, 
ir.i, t^.; gen. 

Deoih [den£h\ dinsh% deh-'nsh, 
dih**n^\ a4)- dainty, or fikstidi- 
ous. ii*A. (r/. .• gen. 

Dent [dint\ dent*], v. a. and sbi to 
notch; to indent. IDb. GL : Mid. 

BemuE [durum, dnorml a deaf- 
ening noise, or a min^ement of 
noises, as the rambling, creaks, 
and cracks of an old mangle, to- 
gether with the talk of seyersl 
people who are patting it to use; 

Derryboimder rduriboo-nd'u, 
dih'nboo*nd*a], ab. and t. n. 
the boance and noise made by 
any object in collision; gen. 
' It came with such on (of) a 
derrybounder * [It* kaam* wi 
*8a*y*k n a aih*riboo*nd*u]. 
The word is often shortened to 
derry [duri]. «It did d^rry 



(or derfyUmnder) along, mind 
you' pt* 'did' dxir'i tdaang', 
maa'nd yal. Both terms are 
also applied to an obstinate 

Detperate [dis'pnit], adj. a word 
constantly employed as an aug- 
mentative. ' Ikigerate bonny * 
[Dis*prut baon^y. * Duperate 
grana ' [Dis-prut graand*]. Wh. 
01.; gen. 

Bibth [dib'db], the pronunciation 
of depth : gen. 

Didder [did-'ur, didh-ur], v. n. and 
Y. a. to tremble. Didderment 
[did'*ument], in a 'diddering/ 
or trembling state. Wh. Gl, : 
gen. Also didder, sb. [Aa*z 
yaal* aon* u did'^ur], I am all 

Dike [da'yk, daa'k], sb., v.n., and 
T. a. The usual significance of 
this word is a ditch, out it is used 
Bubstantiyely for a pod of any 
kind ; gen. When a child spills 
water, the remark will be made 
by an obeerving parent, 'There's 
one dike made— now try to make 
another^ [Dhih*'z 'yaan* da'yk 
mi*h*d — ^noo t'raa* tu maak' un- 
uodh'url. To ' hedge and dike ' 
is to hedge and ditch. 

Dill [dil'], v. a. to dull pain ; to 
soothe. WK 61. ; gen. 'Take 
that child on your knee, and see 
if you can diU it to sleep ' [Taak* 
dhiaat* be'h*n u dhi nee*, un* sey* 
if* dhoo kun* dil* it* tu slih-'pj. 
There are two other vowels com- 
monly employed in knee [nih**, 
(and, ref.) nae*y]. 

Dinar r<iiiigg'l) ▼• ft* ^^^ s^* ^ 

thro# to the ground with vio- 
lence; to pound mercilessly. 
Also employed figuratively, m 
the sense of, to overcome, as one 
person dinga another in argu- 
ment. Ding, also sb. noise and 
confdsion. Wh, 01, ; gen. 

Diprple [dip*u'l], sb. and v. a. 
dunple; Mid. 

[di2*u*n], V. a. to bedizen. 
Wh. GL ; gen. 

Doardy [duo'h*di], George ; gen. 

Doek [dok] ; or Doekeii[dok'u'n], 
sb. and v. a. weed; gen. The 
docken proper is the (ioofe-plant. 

Dod [dod*], V. a. This term is not 
only applied to shortening the 
wool of uieep, but has a common 
verbal use. A child's hair is 
dodded, or 'ended.' To dip ofif 
anything shortly is to dod, jDod- 
ding wool, in South Yorks., is a 
process preparatory to that of 
' teasing [ti'h'zin (and) teyadn], 
or disentcmgling it. Doddinge, 
the portions cut off. A dodded 
sheep is a short-homed one. 

Do-danee [de-h'-daans, di*h'- 
daans], the toil of a roundabout, 
or repeated joiLmey, unneces- 
sarily performed. Wh. 01, ; gen. 

Dodder [dod-'ur, dodh-'ur], v. n. 
and V. a. to tremble, or shake 
violently. Wh, Oh; gen, 'He's 
all of a dodder — ^look at him ! ' 
[Iz* yaal* uv* u dod*'ur — ^U'h'k 
aaf mi* Q. The word is ex- 
pressive of a slower motion than 
didder (which see). A wall, or a 
house, would be said to dodder — 
not to ' didder ' — before falling. 

Doddenuns [dod-'nimz, dodh*'- 
rumz], an ague, or shivering fit 
of any kind. Wh, 01, ; ffen. 
One recovering from a droiULen 
state, and vieaoly nervous, has 
got the dotherume [dodh*'- 
rumz] ; or dodrums [dod*'- 

Doe [duo-Ti, de*h'], a hind. .The 
first form is gen., the last aMid- 

Doff [daof], V. a. to divest^ or do 
off. Wh, 01, ; gen. 

Dog-banner fdog'-baanur], the 
wild camomue ; Mid. 

Dog-8tandard [dog'-et'aan-d'ud], 
ragwort; Mid. 

Doit tdaoy*t], expiessive of ex- 



treme littlenoss. ' What a doit 
of a child 1 ' [Want" a daoyt 
n w be-h'n '.}. literally, What a 
doit on a boim I * I care not a 
doit about it' [Aa* ke'h'ru'ut u 
dooj-'t uboo't it']. 

Doldnuu [dol'd'nunf], a state of 
despondency, mixed with ill- 
temper ; gen. 

Dole [duo'h'I], sb. and v. a, dole. 
m. Gl. ; gen. This is the re- 
fined pronimciatioa. See Dalt. 

Dolly rdoli, dnoli] ; or Dol [dol-, 
daol-], Dorothy ; gen. 

Don [ilaonl v. a. and t. n. to 
dress, or do on. Wh. Gl. ; gen. 
' I 'm all dniined now, except my 
bonnet' [Aa'x ao'bT daond- noo", 
eep' mibuon-it]. This last word 
iBasoflen[buo'nit, (and) buoh-'n- 
it]. The refined form is [bunit]. 

Door-cllMk [di'h'r-chcek'], door- 
post H'ft. 01 : gen. 

DoOT-^anping [dih'-gaargin], 
doonvay. IfA. 61.; gen. 

DoOT-Btcad [dih'-8t:ih'dl, com- 
monly employed for dixirway, 
but Hufficiontly understood as re- 
ferring to tbo supporting ftome- 
work. Wh. ai. ; gen. See, also, 

Door-BJlI [di'h'-sill, the threshold 
of a dwelling. HA. 01. ; gen, 

Doi [dos'], Joshua; Mid. 

Dos [dos] ; or Doa«y [duo-h'zi], 
Joseph ; gen. 

DOB'n'd [daozTi'nd, doz-u'nd]. 
DuTit, V. n. in usually [da:os't], 
but in negative sentences the 
form [daoz-u'nd], t. r. dunt 
is genoniL ' I diirat no i 
do that than fly ' [Aa doz-u'nd 
nu nio'b'r di'h' -dhoat- un' flna']. 

Do38 [dosl, sb. and v. a. to 
fright ; Mid. ' It put mo in 
such a doMi ' [It- iniot- n 
saaku'n ti dos']. Thoro is just 
a touch of humour in tbo te 

Dotteril [dot-'ril], a doter. IIVi. 

Doubler [duob'lur], an earthen- 
ware bowl, or large platter, 
irh. 01.; gen. 'Se'd neither 
dish, dotMer, nor spoon' [Ee'd 
naow'd'ur dish', duob'lur, nur 
spi'h'n], had no eflects what- 
ever. A common Leeds phrase 

Donbtiome [dno'tsom], adj. 
doubtful ; gen. 

Doitk [duo'k], T. n., v. a., and eh. 
to dnnk ; gen. In Mid-Tork- 
ehire, at timeeemployed fbr batht, 

Doap [doaiTp-, doop'l, an indolent 
person. Wh. 01. ; Mid. 

DoUM [doos'], V. a. lo extinguish ; 
\a despoil in any way. Used, 
also, figuratiTely. T("A. Gl. ; 
gen. To a child caught extin- 
guishing a lighted candle by 
turning it updde down in the 
stick, a mother will say : ' I 'Q 
bray Uiy back tor thee if thnu 
doesn't use the capper (extin- 
guisher) to doiitt the candle with' 
[Aa'l bre'h' dhaa* baak' fu dhu 
if' dhoo diz'u'nt yi'h'z t kaap'ur 
tu doos* t kaan'u'l wi], 

DoQM fdoo'a], T. a. to drench; 
Wh. Gl. : gen. Its most usual 
meaning is, to drench by hand, 
OB when water is thrown upon * 

Ecraon. ' They doutfd liin) from 
ead to foot' [Dhe doo'at ini" 

frae yih'd tu fi-h't], 
D'oot [daowt'i doot-}, v. a. do, or 

put out, I. e. extinguish ; gen. 

' D'oKt that candle, my uiss. 

Never bum daylight' fDoot' 

dhaat- kaanul, mi lass. NiTUi 

baon' di'h'leet]. 
DoTeiL [dovu'n, dnovn'n], v. n. 

to doze. ]>OTeiiin9 Tdovnin], 

pres. part. gen. Each fonn is 

also frequently employod lub* 

Dow [doaw], T. n. to prosper. 

Wh. 01. ; gen. 
Dowk [donw-k], a mine-working, 

of ;i stiff clayey nature ; Nidd, 



Dowl [doawl]; sb. and v. n. a 
state of melancholy ; moody dul- 
ness; gen. The adverbial form 
is put to great uso, as is also 
the adjective dowly [doawli], 
which changes its vowel, becom- 
ing [de'hli]. Dowl is used as a 
verb, too. * She gets nought 
done, but sits and dowla at t' 
end on 't ' — everlastingly. [Shu 
gits* naowt di'h'n, bud* sits* un* 
•doawlz u t ind* ont*.] * She 's 
having a long dmvl on *t this 
time ; there s somewhat the 
matter, depend on it' [Shuz* 
evin u laang' doawl on* t 'dhis* 
taa'm ; dhuz* 'suom'ut* t maat*'- 
ur, dip:i'nd' ont*]. The fii-st d 
in depend, and initially in most 
other words, is of a slightly 
dental character. 

Dowment j^dooinent, di'h'ment], 
a confusion. Of a crowd of 
people taking part in a quarrel, 
it will be asked, * What 's all 
this dowment about?* [Waats* 
•yaal" dhis* doo'ment uboot* ?] A 
table crowded with crockery, out 
of place, will occasion the remark, 
• What a dowment there is here ! * 
[Waat* u doo'ment dhur* iz* i'h'r], 

Bowngang [doongaang], a 
downhill way — usually a path- 
way. Wh, GL; genl 

Bowp [daow 'p] , the carrion crow. 
Wh. GL ; Mid. 

Dowter [daowt'ur], daughter ; 
gen. Like the dialect substan- 
tives generally, remains unin- 
fleeted in the genitive case sin- 

Dozzen [dozni'n], v. n. and v. a. 
to shrivel, or waste by contrac- 
tion. Wh, GL ; gen. A doz- 
zened apple is also called a 
' waster [we'h'sf ur]. 

Dozzil [doz'il], sb. and V. a. a 
tawdry person; Mid. Its sub- 
stantive use is exampled in the 
fTh, GL *She dozzih herself 
out like a caravan woman at a 
fair ' [Shu doz'ilz U8:e*l oot* lua*k 

u kaaruvaan* wuom'un ut* u 

Draff [d'raaf-], said of brewer's 
grains, in the Wh, GL, and 
usually applied in this sense in 
Mid- Yorkshire, but also used 
more generally of waste matter, 
from which the focjd element has 
been extracted, or of refuse of 
this nature, as * jiig-draff' [pig- 
d'raaf'], the scrap-food of pigs. 

Draggletail [d'raag-u'lte-h'l], usu- 
ally applied to a woman of dirty, 
slatternly habits; gen. Drag- 
gletailed, as in fFh. GL, applied 
to anything that has been dragged 
through, or over the dirt. 

Drape [d'rch'j)], a fan-ow cow; 

Dream-hole [d'rih*m-uo]i'l], a 
loop - hole ; gen. [Proj)eily a 
loop-hole for letting out sound, 
as between the lufferboards in a 
belfry. From A.S. dream, mu- 
sic— W. W. S.] 

Dree [d'ree*], v. a. and adj. to 
be tedious or wearisome; gen. 
* Don't dree it out so' [Di'h'iit 
d'ree* it 'oot* se'h'], don't sjun 
it out so. * He dreed so long a 
tale, it was dowling (a tiresome, 
or a melancholy thing) to hear 
him' [Ee d'ree'd su laan^* u 
ti'h'l, it* wu doaw'lin tu I'h'r 
im*]. In the ff^h. GL dree, adj., 
dreed, pp., and dreely, adv. are 
exampled. The first and last 
are general ; and the pp. is a 
Mid- Yorkshire form. 

Dreesome [(rree'sum], adj. tedi- 
ous, or wearisome. Wh. GL ; 

Drib [d'rib*], v. n., v. a., and sb. 
drip. Occasionally used in Mitl- 
Yorkshire. The edge, or coiner 
of a house-roof, whore the rain 
drips mostly, will bo sometimes 
called the drib- and r/rip-end of 
the * house-ridge' [T d'lib* in*d 
ut* oo*s-rig*]. 




Earn [ili'n] ; or Yearn [yih*n] ; 
or Yem [yun*], vb. imp. to cur- 
dle. The two nrst are exampled 
in the //'A. Gl. : gen. Earning 

!i'h*nin] and yearning [yi'h'nin], 
yen'in] and [yun'in], is used of 

Easement [iirznient, yi'h'z- 
ment], relief. Employed, also, 
in resjMJot of a medicinal remedy. 
Wh, Gl, ; gen. * There 's a drop 
of easement in that bottle yet- 
let me have it ' [Dhuz* u d'rop- 
u yi-h'zmont i dhaat* bot'ul yit* 
— ^lits* ev it*]. 

Easiling^ [yi-li'zlinz], adv. easily; 

Easing^ [yi'h'zinz, i'li'zinz], sb. pi. 
eaves. Wh. Gl, ; gen. 

Eath [iliMli], adj. easy. Some 
old Mid- York, people occasion- 
all}' use this form. 

Eaze [ih*z,yih*z], v.n. to wheeze; 

Eaze [yi*h*z, ih'z], v. a. to be- 
miro. ^yh, Gl. ; gen. 

Ee [ee-], eye. Plur. een [ee*n], 
and, on the part of old people, 
[ih'n, i-h'ii]. These, by rule, 
add y before the plural forms, 
and often bofore the singular 
form. A refined, and seldom 
used plural, is eyen [a^^l•]. 
This, with een, and the singular 
form, arc exampled in the Wh. 
Gl, ; gen. 

E'en [oe-n, ilr*n], evening; gen. 
*Good-e'en' [gu(xl-ih-'n]. This 
fonn is rf.stricted in use to saluta- 
tion ill parting. 

Een-hole [con'-uo'h'l], eye-socket. 

Wh, Gl. ; gen. 

Efter [ef -fur, ift'ur], prep, after ; 
gen. Joined, too, to the pre- 
lH)Mti()n (if, but its eniplojnnent 
in this way is slight compared 
with th(» usage in town dialect. 
* I 's ( I am) boon (going) at-after * 
[Aa'z boo'n ut-el't'ur]. 

Egg [egg], V. a. to incite; to 

urge, or edge on. It is joined to 
the adverb on — * Eg on ' — in the 
Wh. GL This is a great com- 
panion verb, but yet separable. 
The objectiYe him often comes 
between, and indeed the. verb 
has various positiona. * He was 
egged to it ' [Ee wur* "eggd* tivt]. 

* None of thy egging, now ; go 
away from tiie lad' [Nih*'n u 
dhaa* egg'in, noo ; gaan* uwi'h'z 
fre t laad]. 

Egremont [eggnrimoiit], an ex- 
plosive term, with no recog- 
nized significance. * The egre- 
mont ! ' [Dhu "eggTimont !] 

* He *8 going the egremont yon- 
der* [Eez* guoh*'in dhu 'egg'- 
rimont yuoh**nd'iir]. The word 
does not convey any objection- 
able meaning, though it has all 
the play of a word of this cha- 
racter; Mid. 

-Elder [:e'ld*u], adv. rather; gen. 

Elding [el'din, ildin, ih'ldin 
(and with initial y to the various 
forms)], fuel. Wh, Gl, : gen. 

Eller [elur], the pronunciation 
of elder ^ having reference to the 
tree of the name ; gen. 

Ellwand [el'waand] ; or Tard- 
wand [veh'*dwaand], a yard- 
stick. iVh, Gl, The fiirst form 
is g<.'n. ; the last Mid- Yorkshire, 
as also. Cloth-wand [tle'h'th- 

Elgin [el -sin], an awl. Wh. Gl. ; 

End-all [ind-yaal*, aoh'l (ref.)], 
more freely used than custom- 
aril v, and with a wider inter- 
pretation, in the sense of an act 
of completion. Also, a finishing 
stroke; gen. 

Endlong [ind-laang], adv. in a 
line forward, from end to end; 
a position in which a body would 
be laid at whole length. Wh, 
Gl. : gen. But the word is not 
necessarily used on every occa- 
sion, unless the object referred 


to is inanimate matter. In Nid- 
derdala, a person or animal laid 
at whole length ia said to be 
laid UutfT - streaked [laang'- 
st'rih'kt]; and, in Mid-Yorit- 
shira, at laag-length [laang-- 

Endways [indwi-h'z (and) 
wo"h'zJ,adv. in a way of straight 
progress. fl'A. (Jl. ; gen. 'Ha 
came Btraight endicnys to meet 
me ' [Ee koam' st'reyt- ind'- 
wi-'h'z tu meyt mu]. 

Enow [inoo'], adv. by-and-by ; 
presently. Wh. 01.; gen. 

Entry [int'ri], a passage, or cor- 
ridor; gen. Anything apucioua 
of this nature, as the entrance- 
hall of a mansion, would be 
called a hall - st«ad [aoh'l- 
eti-'h'd], or, in the caeo of an in- 
ferior domicile, the honae- lobby 

Ept [ept-, ipt-], adj. apt W/i. 
ai. ; geo. 

£>h [esh], Oie ash. WU. Gl. ; 

Ether [edh-ur, idhur], a large 
light kind of fly ; gen. 

Ettle [etu'l, yetu'l], v. n. to aim 
at, or act with intent. Wh. 01. ; 
Mid. 'What's thou etCling at 
with that stick, pray thee ? ' 
[Waats" tu -ot'lin ant' wi dhaat- 
utik", predh' ul'], what, do you 
intend to make of it, pray ? said 
to one at work with kmfe and 

Even - endwaya [ihVu'n ind-- 

wi"h'z(and)we"h'z],adv. straight 
progress, in an even direction 
with some object, real or aup- 
posed; gen. A child that is uot 
well able to walk, will maintain 
its balance with the aid of its 
hands, and shuffle along evm- 
tndwayt by the wall-aide. And 
BO, as in the Wh. 01., a person 
squanders all ho has, tveii-rti/i- 
«"'!/>, — in a straight courw with 
inclination, without let or hin- 

drance. Evtn takes the y [yi'h'- 

Everylike [iv-ri laak, laay 
(and) lov'kj, adv. at time an 
time. liVi. ai. : Mid. 

Ewe_[iw], pret. of owe; Mid. 
This is an occasional form. 
Awed [ao'h'd] ia the most usual, 
unless the Tcrb is joined to an 
auxiliarj-, in which case Aweit 
[ao-h'n] is the form used. 

Ewn [iwn, yiw-n] ; or £an [i-h'n, 
j-ih'n]; orAi'n"[:e'h'n,y;eh'n]; 
or Toon [joon, ooTi] ; or Tun 
[yuon] ; or Tuin [yuojTl-, 
uoyn-]: (ir'yaown[yo'wn,e'wn]; 
or Yuan [yuoh''u] ; or Tuwn 
fyiu-n-n :u-wn]; or Tottn 
[yuown], ovea A receptacle put 
to great use in Yorkshire, even in 
the largo towiia, where the very 

Saorest usuuUy occupy aingle 
wellings. All these forma are 
heard in the rural district, how- 
ever. Ewn, Yoon. Ban are 
general, the last uaed by old 
people, and the preceding one 
the moat common, Ai'n, Tun 
are Mid-Yorks. forms ; ao are 
Toin, Toan, but these are casual 
forma, imported from the south- 
west. Taewn is a Nidderdale 
form, but less used tlian Ewn 
and Toon. The two last are 
the dialect refined forms, Toun 
being most usual to MiJ-Yorks., 
and Tuwn being most heard in 
market-town speech northward. 

Fadge [fanj'], one wlio ia short 
and fut in appearance. flVi. 01. ; 
gon. Applied as frequently to 
childi-eii OS to upgrown people. 
Fadge [loaj], also, a person who 
is jaded in appearance ; Mid. 

Fadge [faaj'], v. n. to labour 
in walking, through having a 
great amount of flowh to cany. 
M'h. 01. : gon. ' Thou fad^n 
like an old horse' [Dboo faaj-iz 
laa-k un" ao'h'd aos']. 



Faff [laaf 1 ; or Fuff [ fuof •], v. n., 
V. a., a net sb. To blow in puffs. 
nV*. (rV. The first form is 
^t neral ; the two forms are h€^ard 
in Mi<L * It came in my face like 
a /off of chimney-smoke ' [It* 
kaam' i mi ti'l/s laa'k ii faaf' u 
chim'lu roe-k]. Applied, also, 
to one who, in talking, uses 
more brwith than is necessarj'. 
Al«), to a young frisky child. 
Of a light brtH'Zo, it will be said, 
• It hardly faffs a flower ' [It 
aa'dlinz faafs* u fluo'h']. 

Fain [fch'n], v. n. an<l adj. to 
b*i desirous ; glad ; or eager. Wh, 
01. ; gen. 

Falter [f:an-lt'ii], V. a. and v. n. 
to thrash grain in the sheaf, in 
onlor to separate it from the 
awn, or * beard ; * Mid. 

Fanticles [faantiku'lz, faan- 
taaku'lz], sb. pi. fr(»ckloa on the 
skin, usually <m the face; gen. 
Th€\so are popularly accounted 
for as marks made bv the spurt- 
ings of milk from tlie mother's 
bi'cast, inevitably occasioni»d, so 
that a face may bo marred that 
is * ower bonnv.* 

Farley [faali], a failing, or eccen- 
tricity. ]Vh. 01. ; Mid. 

Farmer [faa*nuir], adj. famiost; 
Nidd. Employed also as an 
(nhrrh. * He *8 the farthest of 
the two, however ' [Eez* t 
faa'mur ut* twi'h', oo-ivur]. 

Farrantly [faar-untli], adj. gen- 
toel. Wh. 01. ; Mid. 

Fashous [faashus] ; or Feshons 
[fj'sh'us], adj. troublesome. 117*. 
07.; gen. 

Fastens [faaani'nz], Shrove tide. 
An occasional term ; Mid. 

Fatlap [faat'laap], the hanging 
fat of meat ; g«.'n. 

Fatten [faat-ii'n], weeds ; !Mid. 

Fauf [faoh'f, fuoh'f], sb. and 
adj. fallow. Tf 7/. G/. ; gen. *A 

/aH/-field ' [U fao-h' fih-'ld], i 

Fawmome [fao*h*nsiim], adj. 
gently aggressiye in manner, 
or desire ; Mid. 

Feal [fi'h'l], V. a. hide; gen. 
Past part, felt [fel-t]. 

Feaster [fih'st'ur] ; or Fuster 
[fuos't'ur] ; or Feuster [fiw- 
st'urj; or Foster [faosl'ur J. To 
be ' in a /easier ' is to bo in a 
state of tumultuous haste. This 
is the form most heard ; Mid. 

Feather-fallen [fidh'u-f:aoh'lu'n], 

adj. crest-fallen. Wh, Gl. ; gen. 

Featherfol [fedh*ufuol], the herb 
rue ; gen. [Obviously a corrup- 
tion of /rtrr/tr'ir, which, again, is 
for /ever^/u(fe, i . e. a driver off of 
fever.— W.'AV.S.] 

Feck [fek*], a large number; 
gen. *The main /eck of them 
wont in * [T me'h'n fck* on* um* 
wint- in]. * A /eck o' fowk ' [U 
fek* u faowk'], a great number 
of peojde. 

Feely [fecli], adj. sensitive ; 
Mid. * He 's very /<?f /y ; he soon 
knows when he's hurt' [Eez* 
vaar-u fee*li; ee* si'h'n nao'h'z 
win* iz* ot*u*n]. 

Feft [feft*], V. a. to end«iw. 
Feftment [fef 'ment], sb. endow- 
ment. ^^n. 01, ; Mid. Also 
[fih*'fment] and [feft*] sbs. 

Feitly [feytli], adj. exactly, pro- 
perly. Wh. OL ; Mid. 

Felf [felf •] ; or Filf [filf ], the 
felloe of a wheel ; gen. 

FeU [fed], V. a. to fell; hot 
commonly used where knocked 
doirn and prostrate are employed 
in ordinary speech. Wh. OL; 
gen. Also, substantively. 

Fell [fell*], a hill, or piece of 
abruptly nigh ground. Wh. 01. ; 

Fello [fclii], V. a. To plough a 
field in fallow for the fijrst time, 


in the tpring, is to tdto it. To 
plousli it the secona time, is to 
' Btir [staor-], or tHr it ; gen, 
PeUoB [fel-un, fil-im], a skin 
disease, incident to cattle. Wh. 

FeUow.fond [felu-, (and) fil-u- 

faond], adj. love- smitten. ITA. 

01. i gen. 
Feltar [fel't'ur], v. n. and v. a. 

to dot ; gen. 
FelTerd [fel-vud], the fieldfnre; 

Mid. [In Chaucer, ftUUfan. 

Pend [fend-, (and) fin.l-], v. n., 
T. s., and sb. physical capability; 
active maaageincnt. Wh. 01. ; 
gen. to the county. A tnuch- 
uaed word. ' He 's no ffiid in 
him ' [Eez' ne'h' fend' in" (or 
[iv]} im-], is incapable of action. 
'He ftitdt for hiniBolf' [Eo feni" 
fur izaie'l], provides for himself. 
* She 's a had fender for a house 
where there 'a a tot of children' 
[Shuz' u baad' fen'd'u iiir' a 
oos' wih'' dhuz* u lot' u be'h'nz], 
an ill manager, or contriver. 
' Thou makes no fend of it, man ! 
— look, and watch me '. ' [Dhoo 
maaha' ne-h' fond' on' t, muon* ! 
— li'hTc, un' waach' m:tte'yl 
' He mayyi-id as he likea — he 'It 
never do well'fEe mu fend- uz' 
i laaks— it" nivu di'h' wee'l]. 
Also, to strive in dispute, on 
defensive or offensive grounds. 
See Fend and Prove. 

Pendable [fend'ubu'l]^, adj. in- 
dustrione and managing. Wh. 
01. ; Mid. 

FeildandPTOTe[fend-iui pri'li'v], 
a verbal phrase in constant use, 
general to the county, and mean- 
ing, like ita participial form in 
the WA. Ol., to argue and de- 

Pent [fent'l a reranant ; applied 
to woven fEibrics. Wk. Ol. ; gen. 

Fere [fah'r]. Thia term, though 

lationBlly, oc- 
curs in one of the variations of 
the Christmas ' uomony,' or for- 
mula of good wishes : 
'1 wish you a merry Ouistmas, 

and a liappy New Year ; 
A pocketful of moucj', and a barrel- 
f ul of beer ; 
Oood luck to your feather- fowl. 

And pleaae will you pve me my 
Cnriatmaa-box '.' 
[Aa" weysh 

f^w^Yih'r; " 

Un' pli'h'z wil' yn gi mu mi 

Kis'mus-bao'ksJ. . 
The line containing the word is 
addressed to the mistress of the 
house, who, together with her 
daughters, are usually identified 
with the merchandise of the 

. poultry-vard. In cases where 
the profits accruing are not a 
material item of the household 
resources, the income to he ex- 
tracted from the rearing of ducks, 
geese, and other fowls for tho 
market, makes an agreeable ad- 
dition to pin-money. The vowel 
in the first sj-llable of [fed-'u] 
interchanges with [i], 

Fwh [fesL'], V. a. to put about; 
to importune; to exort l>ody or 
mind unduly ; gen. ' Don't fret 
norffth youTBeli aly>ut it— you '11 
get over if [Dinut fri'h't nur 
feeh' dhisen' ul)oot' it'— dhoo'l 
gitaow-h't]. raBli[faash-](irA. 
Ul.) is beard, too, as a less cha- 
racteristic form. 

Fest [fesf], v. a. to make fast; 

Fe<t [fest'], liiring-money ; gen. 
' I 've got half-a-crown /«(.' ' I 

f;ot five shilhnga for mj ^al' 
Aa'v gifu'n ib't-u-kroo-n feat'. 
'Aa' gaat' foa'v stul'in fu -maa' 
fest-J, God-penny [gaod-peni] 



[often Ood'a-penny) is as fre- 
quently udod, with the tame 
meaning, and ie general to the 
Pet [fel-], (=.^0. V. a. aB.l v. n. 
to satisfy ; to norve properly. It 
ie a word with varied aiiplica- 
tiun, iu tlie eenne of adapting 
means to nn end ; gen. ' Nought 
/rf« liim' [Naowf fets- im-]. 
Or, in irony, 'Thou 'a/ftlf» him 
off at last, however' [Dhooz' 
fotu'ii im- aof ut' laasit-, oo- 
ivu], paid him off at last. 
' Which frock is to/ri the child 
on Sunday?' [Wit'h' fi'oks' tu fet" 
t be'h'u u Suoird'u ?] ' Its old 
blue one will /e< for once ' [It- 
ao-h'd -bli- un' ul" fet' fti 

Fetch rtuch-], V. 11. applied to 
breathing, when rospirution is a 
heaving, painful effort. H7i. (//.; 
gun. AIho, subtitantively. 

Fettle ffifu'I, (and) futii'l], v. a. 
and sb. of wide applicatiuu. To 
put or to bo in oondition in any 
way. IIVi. Ol. ; gen. to the 
county. Uaa also an ironical 
use. 'I'll/r'Wr thy jacket for 
thee' [Aal tifu'l dhi juak-it fu 
dhii], will **n-e you out. 'Thou's 
n boiinv hlll'^r ! ' [Uhooz- u 
bson-i ^flu !] You aru a fine 
fuUow ! 

Fewpenny [fiwpeni, filr'peni], a 
hiriug-penny ; Mid. 

Fey [fey], v, a. and v. ti. to 
clear; gen. ' Fei/ that hedge 
bottom out' [Fey dhaat- ij" 
b<i(i*'uin oot']. Also, bi vminoiv 
by hand. 

Fezzoa [f'fz-un], v. a. to ntUck, ; gcu. Usually 
joiiu'd til ail. 'lie struck him, 
but. uiind you, didn't he turn 
npiiii and J'ezzvit on hini ! ' [F,a 
Ht'ruh'k iiii-, buot", maa-nd yu, 
■did-nt i taon' ugi'h'n un' feanm 
im- iui' !] [/'f^iofi on is tiy/iieten 
oil, i.e. to st'i/u and hold tena- 
ciously.— W. W. S.] 

FiUy-Mly [fihTi-faa-li], v. n. 
to idle ; Hid. ' I ehall ftarly- 
farly here no longer ; I shall 

K' [Aa" Hul- fi'h'lifaa'Ii i'h' nu 
Lng'ur; As' sul' gaaug-]. 

Findy [findi]^, adj. plentiful; a 
word used in conneotian with 
the weather-proverb : 
' A dry March, an' a windy ; 
A full bam, an' a findy.' 
rU d'raa' Ua'h'ch, an- u win'd'i; 
U fuel- baan, un- u fin'd'i]. 
&lid. It is averred, in explana- 
tion, that the growth of com 
will be, under these circum- 
stances, remarkable for ' quan- 
tity and quality.' [The Mid- 
£ng. findnt means ' to provide 
for : and ft'idy means ' affording 
abundant provisions.' — TV. W. 8.] 

Fire-fonged [faHT,([md) faayb'r-- 
faangd], adj. caught, or charred 
by the fire. Anything with an 
overdone or burnt flavour. Also, 
applied to a hot-teniperod ]ier- 
son. H'A. at.; gen. 

Fire^od* [faax, (and) lanyli'r- 
giLods], a pair of bellows ; Mid. 

Fire-pur [faa-r, (and) faayh'r- 


pur, paor, (and) puor]. 
Lpw, paor, (and) puor 
poker ; Mid. 

FiresmatclL [faar, (and) faayli'r- 
Btnaach], a burnt flavour. Wh. 
01. i Hid. 

Firing [raa-rin,{aiid) faayh'rin], 
fuoL H'A. 01.; gen. 

Fit [fit], a time of continuance. 
Wh. fit.; gon. 

Fitchet [fichit]; or Fonlmart 
[foolmnt] ; or Fou'mairt [foo-- 
mut], the polo-cat ; gen. Uam- 
penta which, iu sorue villages, 
are bought up by the constable 
of tlie township, who is author- 
ized to pay for them usually at 
the rate of fourpence per head. 

Fitter [iit^'ur], v. n., v. a., and sb. 
to be visibly annoyed ; gen. ' He 



wur sadly fiUered over it' [Ee 
wur' saad'li fit*'ud aow 'h't] . * Let 
him £ftre and fitter, then' [Lit* 
im* fe'h'r nn* fit''u, dhen*]. Let 
him go hiB way, and be annoyed, 

Flack [flaak*], Tb. impers. and sb. 
to pmsate heavily ; gen. 

Flacker [flaakur], v. n. to flutter 
heavily, as a wounded bird beats 
with its wines, or as the heart 
palpitates under excitement. Wh. 
01, ; gen. Also, substantively. 

Flag [flaag-] ; or Flak [flaak*] ; 
or Fl^ak [fli'h'k], flake; gen. 
Snow-flag [snao'h'-flaag]. Aak 
is not much used, but is in- 
variably employed in connection 
with the word soot^ though not 
usually compounded, [u flaak* u 
si'h't]. Flake is employed^ too, 
butonly inreflned speech [fle'h'k]. 

Flake [fli'h'kl, a ceiling-, or rafter- 
rack, used for drying oat-cakes, 
&c. ; gen. 

Flam [flaam*], v. a., v. n., and 
sb. to flatter. Wh, 01, ; gen. 

Flan [flaan*], v. n. and sb. to 
spread ; Mid. * How she does flan 
with that gown of hers ! ' [Oo* 
shu d:iz *flaan* wi dhaat* goo*n u 
u'z.n A flower- vase *^an« out* 
at the top. Flan-hat [flaan*- 
aat'] is a summer-hat, with a 
flapping brim, worn by the farm- 
ers wives. 

Flannen [flaan in, (and) flaan *un], 
flannel; Nidd. 

Flapado*8ha [flaapniduoh'shu], 
a showy, active person, with 
superficial manners. •Suchyfop- 
ado'sha ways — I have no pa- 
tience with them ' [Sa'yk* flaap*- 
uduoh**shu wi'h'z — Aa*v ni'h' 
pe'h'shuns wi um*]. 

Flappery [flaap*uri], the minor 
equipments of dress — a loosely 
comprehensive term. Wh, 01. ; 

Flattercap [flaat'^ucaap], applied 

playfully to a wheedling or coaz- 
mg child. Wh, 01, ; gen. 

Flanght [flaowt] ; orFire-flanght 

[fea'r, (and) faayh'r- flaowt*], 
applied to the particle of ' live ' 
gaseous coal which darts out of 
a fire; gen. It is always ex- 
amined carefully, to see whether, 
as a 'purse,' it betokens goocl 
luck, or, as a coffin, disaster to 
the person it flies nearest to. 

Flanm [flaoh'm], deceitful lan- 
guage; Mid. 

Flaniny [flao*h'mi],adj. vulgarly 
tine in dress. Wh, 01,; gen. 

Flann [flao-h'n], a custard. Wh. 
01, ; Mid. 

Flanp fflao-h'pl ; or Flope 
[fluo*h*pJ; or Flowp [flaowp], 
sb. and v. n. one who is vulgarly 
ostentatious in dress or manners, 
or flippant in either. H7«. (?/., 
with the exception of the last 
pronimciation. This, and the 
first, are general ; and the second 
may bo, but is most heard in Mid. 

Flavonrsome [fl:ih'vusum, fl-.eii'- 
vusum], adj. having a decided 
flavour ; gen. There are also 
old people who say [flaavusum] ; 

Flay [fle-h*], v. a. to frighten. 
Wh, Of. ; gen. to the county. 

Flay - boggle [fleh'bogu'J] ; or 
Flay-cruke [fleh'kriwk, fle-h'- 
krih*k], scarecrow. Wh, 01. ; 

Flaysome [fle-li*suom (and) sum], 
adj. frightening. Wh, 01.; gen. 

Fleak [fli-h'k], a wattle. Wli. 
01. ; Mid. This word is also in 
use, but not so commonly. 

Fleck [flek'], a spot ; gen. Wh, 
01.; pp. 

Flee-be-sky rflee- (and) flih'- 
biskaa*, (ana) skaay], usually 
applied to a fussy, forgetful per- 
son, yoimg or old; also, to a 
ridiciilously - dressed female. 



Somotimos U8e<l, too, of a flighty 
person, as in tho Wh, 01, ; gen. 

Pleece [flees*], familiarly em- 
ployed in tho sense of bodily 
condition or bnlk. Wh. OL ; gen. 
* lie 's a bonny (fine) fletce of his 
owTi * [Eez* u baon'i ilees* uv iz* 
ao'h'n, (and) o'h'n], will be said 
in allusion to a very stout per- 
son. To * shake a fleece ' [shaak* 
u flees'] is, as in the Wh, Gl.y 
to lose lle^h, through illness, or 
other cause. 

Flee-mouse [flee*-moo-*8], the bat; 

Fleer [flih'r], sb., v. a., and v. n. 
applied to a person of loose flirt- 
ing habits ; Mid. 

Flepper [flepur] ; or Flebber 

[flobur], V. n. and sb. to crj', and 
make a lip, in noisy emotion ; to 
sob; gen. * What's that bairn 
flep}>ei-ih(f at Y * [Waats* dhaat* 
be'h'n flep-iin aat'J. The verb 
is often shortened to flep [flep*], 
with flepin |^flep*in], for the prcs. 
j)art. There is a capricious vowel- 
change, too, to be noted. * What 's 
thou standing flipping and fle})- 
2>imj there at r Pretha (pray thou, 
or thee) have a ^^)od roar, and 
have done with it ' [AVaats* tu 
staan'in flip'in un* flep'in dhi'h'r 
a at' I-* Prodh'u ev u gfi'h'd nio-h'r, 
un* ae di h'n ^v^-iv t]. Flebber 
is tho usual Nidderdale form, 
likewise, at times, shortentni to 
fleb. *IIe laid his head down 
on t' table, and flehbered ' [I leh'd 
iz' i'h'd d<K)n* ut* te'h'bu'l un* 
fleb'ud] ; Nidd. 

Flew [fliw], a p. t. oiflow, heard 
from indmduals in Mid- York- 
si lire. So also Rew [riw], p. t. 
of roiu, 

Flig [flig']» V. a. an<l v. ii. to 
fledge. Flig, also, sb. a fledgling. 
Fligged [fligd*], fledged, or 
feathered. ^ F figged and flow^l' 
[Fligd* un flaown*] ; gen. 

Flint [flint-). To * fix* the flint 

of any person, is to nerve him 
out; gen. The figure has an 
obvions connection with the old 
form of firelock. 

FlipA [^fla'yp*], the brim or over- 
hangmg portion of a hat, or 
bonnet ; gen. ' She *6 torn her 
bonnet so that the flipe only 
holds by the crown' [Shuz* 
ruovu'n ur' buon*it se* ut* t 
fla'^-p* nuob'ut aodz* hi t kroo'n]. 

Flirtigig [flu-tigig, (and) fl»o*ti- 
gig], a giddy female. The a is 
very seldom added, as in the 
Wh. OL ; gen. 

Flisk [flisk*], V. a. to fillip. Wh, 
01, ; Mid. Also, substantively. 

Flit [flit*], V. n. and sh. to remove 
habitation. 'A moonlight fliC 
[U mi'h'nleet flit*]], a removal 
under suspicious circumstancee. 
TT'A. 01,; gen. Also, occasion- 
ally, as an active verb, 

Flite [fla'yt'l v. n. and sb. to 
scold, in a nigh key. llli, 01. ; 
gen. * There 's such a fiite going 
on between them' [Dnuz* saa'k 
u fla'yt* gaanin on* utwi'h'n 
um*]. At chance times, the verb 
is employed actively. *He'll 
flite you, if you do* [II* fla'yt* 
dhu im* dhuo diz*], will scold 
you if you do — said to a young 

Flither [flidh*ur], a limpet; gen. 

Flizzen [flizu'n], v. n. To laugh 
with the whole of the face, is to 
flizzen; gen. Flizzy, adj. ap- 
plied to tiiose who are inclined 
to laugh at little, in this manner. 

Flob [flob*], sb., v. a., and v. n. a 
puH', or swelling; Mid. One 
.luvenile will challenge another 
in this strain : ' I can make a 
bigger flob on my cheek than 
thou can on thine' [Aa* kun* 
maak* u big*u flob* o 'maa* 
cheek* un*dhoo* kaan*u *dhaa*n]. 
To which the reply may be: 
* Fhb away, then ; thou 's always 



fiobbing it ' [Tlob- uvi'li', dldn- ; 
dhoos- •ymal-ufl flobin it]. 
Flowt [flaov-t], a aod of heath- 
tnrf, used as fuel ; eea. ' ' 

creelfiil o' Jjoicli' [U krco-lfuol 
Q fiaowti]. Bwaui [svaaeh*], 
adv. aaide, or clenr ; Nidd. 
Chiefly used ia tho imperative 
mood. ' Stand >v,-aih. lads ! ' 
[Staan' HwaaHh', loadz' !] 'He 
etood swash of them ' [Eo atiwd 
Bwaash' on* urn*], stood clear of 

Tlowterment [flaovt'ameDt], 

Doisytolk. Wh. OL; gen. 

nowtonome [flaowt'usimi], ailj. 
of a flighty, quarrelsome turn. 
Wh. Gl. ; geo. 

Tlnff [fluoF], sb. and v. n. applied 
to anything of a downy or filmy 
nature ; gen. When used of a 
feather, it, in a strict sense, has 
to do with the mcmbmnouB purt. 
' There 'a a. lot of fii-ff in one of 
the cnjpboard comers — pray thee 
clean it out' [BhuK' u lot' u ' 
fluof i yaan' ut' kuob'ud 
ni'h'ks — prodhu tlih'n it" ootO. 
'Thou'll/ii/ it up if thou doesn't 
mind' [Uhool' fluof- it' uup- un' 
tu diz'u'nt maa-ndl. Also, 
figuratively, for any light temper 
of mind. 

Flake [fliwlc 1, a lai^ kind of 
maggot. Pliiked [fliwkt'J, pp. 
and TWkj [fliwk'i], adj. are 
applied to the traces of this 
worm. Wh. 01.; Mid. 

Flnmpy [fluompi], adj. squat. 
Wh. 01.; Mid. 

Fluh [fluosh'], V. n. to blush; 
Mid. Flashy [fluoshi], adj. is 
commonly apphed to any red 
colour; and bo Flusby-fi^ed, 
for rrd-facid, as in Wh. 01. 

Plnsk [fluos'k], V. a. and sb. to 
flush ; gen. 'When she got her 
letter, and saw who it was from, 
she was all in a fiutk and flutter ' 
[Wen- shu gaat- ur' lefur, un' 
see'd wB' it' waa 'frov, shih-' 

wuf -yaal' i u fluos'k un' fluot-'- 
ur]. A person treading the 
grass fiiukt a partridge, and ia 
also fiuaktd himself by the sud- 
den noise made. 

Hurter [fluos-t.'ur], sb. and v. a. 
Tho usual moaning of this word 
is, a state of excitement, and it 
is variously applie<l in this »cnse. 
The vifliblu couditi.m of an ex- 
cited speaker would bo JluitrT, 
as would also the rhodomontade 
he wus indulging in. So, also, 
a hot skin eruption is called u 
glister. The word has also the 
meaning of hurry. 'He's in a 
fitieler to be off ' [Ecz" i u fluos"tu' 
tubi:ao-f]. These various mean- 
ings seem to bo implied in tho; gen. 

YVaz [fluoz-], V, a. and sb. bruise ; 
Nidd. FlazuT is also used tub- 
tliiiU'ivl]/, in a familiar way. 
'That's a /ui«r' [Uhaats- u 
fluoz'ur], a bruise, and no mis- 

Fdakiea [fuoh-'ksiz], plural of 
fiilk, when followed by a noun ; 
gen. 'He'd rather mind other 
fSiil-ta business than his own ' 
[lied' reh'd'ur maa'nd udh'ur 
' Somo/oaiti that were there told 
me' [Suom- fuo-h'ks ut- wur- 
dhi'h'r tild' mu]. 

Foalfoot [fuoh'lf:ih't], coltsfoot ; 

raat [f;uo-li't, fiioli''t], foot. Tlie 
old employ this form. Others 
[ftuot]. JV«(aud/f(maybodis- 
tinguished, but are not usually; 
tho general form for the sing, 
and plur. being [fl'h't]. 

Fog [fog-], after-grass. Wh. Gl. ; 

Fofrimi [funh''gmni], most com- 
monly heard employed as a 
mildly offensive term, towards 
upright, but objectionable p<'oiile; 
a 'fogey;' gen. 'An old /«- 
grum [Un ao-h'd fuoh-'grunij. 



Foist rfaoTjt-''. sb. fnsi : Foisty 
[tioysti]. aclj. fn&ty. ITh. Gl. : 
g»>n. Also applied to the smell 
of anything in this st^ite. 

Fold-garth ^faoh'J-grh'th], foKL 

f>T farm-vard, usuallr bi>unded 
by tbi? f'llds of the lire st«xrk. 
U'i't. Of. : ptn. The enclosiirw 
in immediate relation to the 
farm^tt.'ad all py by the name of 
<M rth *, as the stackgarth [>taak*- 
p».--hthj, stick- [>tik-]. garden- 
rir.e'h'din-\ potatoe- [t^-h'ti-], 
apple- >ap-u'l-\ goose- 2*rih*'*-' 
(.•r pond- rp:uo*h'nd-j). and 
other garths. 

Folkflt'ad [fuoh'kistib'J], an out- 
ihKfT J liable uf ar^s*fmbly for general 
i»urfK:»-<-s. • The chaj»el wouldn't 
liulil tht-m all, so thev made 
a h-}k»U''td of the garth, and 
>tartt.-l a meetinjr there* [Chaap'il 
waad'u'nt aoh*'ii um ao'h'l, sch' 
liht? iiii*li'd u fuolr'ksJti'hM ut 
p-h'th, un* stth*'t'iil u mih''tin 
<lliih']. So, a mtirktt-j'hcf is 
n IV-rrttl to as [t m«'h''kitsti*h'd] ; 
and many other words are a^so- 
ciat»'<l with the idiom, as, beck- 
stt'ad [lH^k';?tih*d], the IxmI of 
tin* briHik ; gardenstead [geh**- 
diii>tili\r. tho pai-deii - jdot ; 
day stead [d»'h*'sti'h\l], the day- 
time; noonstead [nih'*nsti*h'd], 
ii<x»iitime ; kyestead [kaa*-, 
k:aa*y-, (and) key-, k:ae*y- 
(n-f-) i^ti'liM], a f<'nred cnob^ure, 
whent kine are honle<l, for tem- 
porary i)ur]->oses ; nightstead 
(noet-sti*h'(l], the time, or, place 
of nij^ht. The vowel in the first 
jiart of the coiii|>ound, as in 
s«veral of the other wonls, is 
short (^nly by position ; Mid. 

Fond [laond-], adj. foolish. Fond 

cruke, or crook [f:aond kriwk*], 
a foolish whim. Fond talk 
[f:Mo*nd tao'h'k], foolish talk. 
Fond hoit [f:ao-nd aoyt], or 
Muj>i(l fool, as th<.' tenn is best 
ninlen-d. Fondnes8[f:ao*ndnus], 
foolishness. Fondy [f:ao'ndi], 

fooL Wk.GL; gen. Alao silly. 
*I'd a dizziness in mv head, 
that tuned me £ur (^oite) fond' 
[Aa-d a diz*inus i nu yi*h'd, ut* 
taond* mn 'fe*hV *&ond*]. Fond 
fool [^so'nd fi'hl] is often used, 
in emphatic phraseology. Fond 
is much fiiToured in prorerb and 
simile. * As /ifttd as a door-nail * 
[Uz* f:ao*nd uz* u di'h'r-n:e*h'l]. 

* As foud as a yat * [Uc* f:ao*nd 
uz* n yaat*], or gate. 

Footfidiing [liirtfiaoh'lin], the 
period of confinement, or child- 
birth. Wh. Ui. ; gen. 

Footing [tih'tin] ; or Footings 

[tihtinz]: or Foot-Ale [fiht- 
yaal*], a levy of money by men- 
servants of cvenr class, on those 
who join them in the same em- 
ployment, and usually expended 
in ale, or, under important cir- 
cumstances, a supper. Wh, QL ; 

Forbear [fao*rbih'r] ; or For- 
elder rf:ao*reld*u], an ancestor; 
gen. The first vowel, in each 
case, also interchanges with the 
refined one [:u*] ; and the second 
vowel {t) of the last form inter- 
changes with [i]. 

Fore [faor, fur*], front ; gen. 

* T /t/r^-door ' [T fur*-diw*h'r]. 
The vowel is * as often long as 

Fore [fuoh-'r], usually preceded 
by to the [tu t], and employed 
as an adrtrb. Beforehand. It 
is frequently associated with a 
slight idiom, as in the Wh. OL; 
gen. * I must get up an hour 
sooner to-morrow, and be to the 
fort with my work a bit* [Aa* 
mun* git* uop* un* uo*h* si'h'nu 
tu m:uo*hn, un* bi tu t f:uo*h'r 
wi mi waa-k u bit*]. * Is all to 
the furey then ? * [Iz* yaal* tu t 
*f:uo-hV, dhen*?], Is all quite 
ready ? Under some circum- 
stances, tho preposition inter- 
changes with at, * Go, and get 
at the /(n-e* [Gaangg*, un* git* 



tit- t fiuoh'r]. *He*8 at the 
fort of him * [Eez* ut* t f:uo'hV 
u'n' im'], He is heforehand with 

Fore-end [for'-end-, faor-end*, 
fuor'-end*, fdr*-end*], beginning; 
gen. ' Start (begin) at the fort- 
end ' [Staa-t ut* fur-end]. The 
last pronunciatLon is the refined, 
but is in frequent use. In all 
the forms, the e of end is inter- 
changeable with t. In this con- 
nection the Wh. 01, pronunciation 
[fuo'h'r-end*] is, everj-where, 
in rural dialect, an extremely 
refined one, and rarely heard. 

Fore£eeli]|g [faor-frih'lin, fur- 
f:i*hlin], presentiment ; gen. 
The prefix of the last form is the 
refined one. 

Foremind [faor*, f:uo-h* (and) f :u- 
(ref.) maa'nd], t. a. to pre-de- 
termine; Mid. 

Forkin- robin [faoh-'kin-ruobin], 
the earwig. ft'A. O/. ; Mid. The 
refined form [fu'kin-raob'in] is 
in frequent use. 

FofS ffaosj, a waterfall, or * force ;* 
Mid. This is the pronunciation 
of the trrJ, too. *I shall be 
forced (obliged) to go' [Aa* su'l 
bi 'faos' tu gaangg'J. 

Foit [faost*], adj. first ; gen. 
Post [paost*], and host [aost*, 
waost* (and, casually), whaost], 
have, in rural dialect, a cor- 
responding pronunciation. In 
the speech of educated northern 
people, there is the imdoubtful 
sound of the short [o] in all such 
words as losty tost, moM, cross. 
This class of people also preserve 

. the same sound in sucn other 
words as chop, dog, off, office, 
moth, broth, pother, frost, Tow, 
gone, morning, song, long ; all of 
which are made to take the short 
[o] sharply. In common dialect 
there is a decided interchange of 
[ao] and [o] in certain odd words, 
as turn, hurt, jwst, durst. Other 
words are subjected to 'the same 

treatment, but the rowel [ao] 
has most affinity with the dialect 

Fool [f:oo*l], V. a. to dirty ; to 
defile. Also to defame, or slan- 
der. Wh, 01, ; gen. 

Foul - fingered [f :oo l-fingg-ud], 

adj. thieyish. Wh, 01, ; gen. 

Fonling [fooiin], fouling, i.e, 
dirtying; gen. * It 'U fet a /&«/- 
iw^ * [It* ul fet" u* foo-lin ], it will 
serre for a dirtjing. 

Fonmart [foom-ut] ; or Foolmart 

[fool-mut] ; or Fummut [fuom*- 
ut], the polecat ; gen. The first 
two forms are in tne Wh. 01. 

Font [foawt-, f:ao*h*t], fool. 
Mam's fout [maamz* foawt*], as 
the pet or spoiled child of the 
family is designated. Wh. 01. ; 

Fonty [foawt n, f:ao*irti], adj. 
faulty. Wh. 01.; gen. Tile 
word is more u.sed than in ordi- 
nary speech, as is also the sub- 
stantive form. 

Frae by [freb'i], prep, from by, 
I. e. in comparison with. W!t. 
01, ; gen. The form is usuall v 
sounded as one word, but is 
frequently heard as two word^, 
[freh-* bf]. 

Frial [fr:e h-'l] ; or Thraal 
['l], flail; Mid. CaUed 
also a swipple [swipu'l]. 

Fratch [fraaclr], v. n. and sb. 
to wrangle, brawl, or quam/l 
sharply in dispute; gen. The 
initial letter interchanges, to 
gome extent, with th. In the 
south, as at I^eeds, any other 
form than the last is unusual, 
the / being looked upon as an 
imperfect sound, and rarely heard 
apart from children's conversa- 

Fra*te [frch-H], p. t. of /re/, to 
grieve; Mid. 

Fraunge [fraoh'nj], sb. and v. n. 
an irregular excursion ; a frolic. 
Wh. 01.; Mid. 



Frav [fraav] ; or Frev [frev] ; 
or Priv [friv] ; or Fniv Lfruov, 
fruv] ; or Frear [fii^h'] ; or Fra 
IfraeJ; or Fra' [fraeh**]; or Freli 
'fro]; or Fria [fre'h'], prep, 
ft-oin; gen. These forms are 
not employed according to any 
strict nilo. The v is by no means 
necessary before a following 
vowel. Frav, frev, and fruv 
aixi used more especially in con- 
nection with past tt»nse«ii of verbs, 
but there is no restiiction in the 
matter, Hontences are often spun 
out in homely s])eech, and would 
be hojielessly complicated but 
for being well served by a 
changing form, as hero exam- 

Frem [from*], adj. strange, or 
foreign; unfamiliar. Wh, 01.; 
Mid. The vowel has a frequent 
interchange \nth i. 

Frenk [frcngk-] ; or Frank 

[fraangk*], Frances ; gen. These 
are al^o foniia of the male proper 
name, Francis. 

Fresh [froslr, frdoslr], a freshet, 
or liver in overflow. Applied, 
also, to the additional volume of 
■water fl(Ki<ling the channel, as in 
the U'fi. 01. phraso, 'A run of 
fmsh ' [U ruon* u fresh*]. Frush 
[fruosh*] is also occasionally 
heard from old jKiople ; Mid, 

Frevard [fi-evud, friviKlJ, prep, 
fromwanl, i. e. in a du-ection, 
or, tending, from, as allied anti- 
thetically to toward ; gen. 

Fridge [frij*], v. a. and sb. to 
fray, by attiition ; gen. 

a ]><)j>ular name for the complaint 
known as the thrush ; Mid, 

Frowzy [tVoozi], adj. sour or 
hai>h-looking. Wh. Oh; Mid. 

Frumity [fruoni'uti], fnnuenty, 
the; Clinstinas lueparation of 
wheat, boiled (ind starved with 
spiced milk. Wli. 01. ; gen. 

Fnuh [fruosh*], v. a. aud sb. 
rumple; Mid. 

Fadgeon [fuodju'nj, sb. a squat, 
fuBsy person. If A. GL; Mid. 
Also, a T. n. to fuse, with a 
laboured activity of manner, and 
usually applied to persons of 
short stature. ' I overtook him 
going /udgeo7iing down the lane* 
[Aa* aowh-'i-ti'h^k im* gaau*in 
raod'ju'nin d:oo'n t luo'h'n]. 

Fuge [fiw-g] *; or Feage rf:i-h'g]» 
usiully preceded by *old,' and 
applied to a female of advanced 
vears and disreputable character; 
Mid. [AVhat is called in some 
paHa a ' fag ; ' as, an ' old fish- 
fag,' I. e. an old fish woman 
(Scott's novels).— W. W. S.] 

Fugle [fiw'^ul], a term to which 
an indefinite meaning is allotted, 
and applied Under circumstances 
whore manners or acti(m8 are in 
any way objectionable ; gen. 

* I '11 have my eye on that /ugh* 
[Aa'l ov* maa* ee* u 'dhaat* 
nw'gu'l]. A tramp catches sight 
of the constable, and it is re- 
marked that the former has 

* catchod a glent o* t' fnffh ' 
[kaacht* u dlint* ut fiwgu'l], 

FtiII [f:uo'l], V. n. to run dry, aa 
soft earth, when touched, alter 
long exposure to the sun ; Mid. 

Fullook [fuoluk], V. n., v. a., 
and sb. to projKjl by a jerking 
movement of the finger ana 
thumb. Wh. 01. {verb); gen. 

Full soon [fuol-sih'n], adv. pre- 
matui-oly, FuU, afto, adds to 
tlie significance of various other 
woixis— adjectives and adverbs. 

Full sore [fuel* se-li'r], adv. 
sorel}". Wfi, 01. ; gen. 

Fulth [fuoltlr], fill, or fulness. 
Wh.Ol.; gen. * Go away! thou 
has had thy fulth on 't ' [Gaan* 
uw:i*h'z! dhuoz* aad* 'dhaa* 
fuolth* on t]. Go away ! you 
lun o had your fill of it ; Mid. 



Pur [fuor] ; or For [faor], fur- 
row; gen. 

Put [ftiT'li prep, for; gen. 
Though tms form is heard in 
town dialect, ite more frequent 
recurrence, and the position it 
occupies in sentences in rural 
dialect, render it distinctive of 
this phase. Fur is the recognised 
form of the preposition in rural 
dialect, as for [for*] is in town 

Fnrtherly [fuodh-uli], adj. for- 
ward, or in good season. irA. 
QL; Mid. 

Fnstilllgs [fiios'tiluogz], an ill- 
natured looking person* IF/i. 
Ql,; gen. 

Fnsty [fuos'ti], a<y. stufiy ; gen. 
to the county. 

Fnzziker [fuoz'ikurl, a donkey 
gets this name ; Mid. 

Oaang [gaangg-] ; or Gan [gaan-], 
used not only of a path, tut also 
to denote the course, or direction, 
of a path. *I's bown another 
gan to-mom' [Aaz* buo-n un- 
uod'*u gaan* tu muo'h'n], I am 
going another way to-moiTow; 

Gaby [ge-h*bi, gi-h'bi] ; or Gawby 

[gao*h*bi], a dunce, or clownish 
person. Tl^A. C//. ; gen. Silly is 
often prefixed. 

Oad [gaad'l, a wooden rod, or 
handle ; Mid. A story is told of 
a certain supposed witch, who 
stopned a lad's ploughing-team, 
in tiie middle of a field. But 
the lad was amply prepared, 
haying a whipstock of wickcn- 
tree. With this, Jio touched his 
horses, in turn, and broke the 
spell, whereupon the old lady 
^ve way to an angry rhythm- 
ical exclamation : 

'Damn the lad, wi* the roan-tree 

and disappeared. The moun- 

tain ^nsh gets the various names 
of wicken- [wik'un-], rowan- 
[raowun*], rown- [raown-],and 
roan-tree [riuo'h'n-t'roo]. Ran- 
tree [raan*-t*rij is another form, 
the common one of Nidderdale. 

G ailing [gaad'lin], a gadder; 

Gadly [gaad-li], adj. of a gadding 
turn; Mid. * Ilold thy noise 
with thee. Thou's as gadly as 
any of the rest An old knifo 
would not go between you' 
[Aoh'^d dhi nao'yz wi dhu. 
Dhooz* uz* gaad'li uz* on*i u t 
list. Un' ao*h*d naa'f waadli'nt 
gaan* utwih''n yu]. 

Gae [ge'h', geh-', gaav, gae*], pret. 
of give, \Vh, Gl. ; gen. Gah 
[gaa*] is considered the vulgar 
form, and is in readier use. The 
first two forms are restricted in 
use to where a following word 
begins with a consonant. Be- 
fore a vowel gave becomes gav 
[gaav], and [gae*]. 

Gain [ge-h'n], adj. near. Gainer 

[ge*h*nur], nearer. Gainer- 
hand [go'h'nur-aand*], nearer 
to hand, or shorter. Oainest 
[gi'h'nist], nearest. Oainly 
[go'h'nli], easily accessible ; con- 
veniently near. Wh, Gl. ; gen. 
* Take over that close : thou '11 
find it as gain again' [Taak' 
aow'h'r dhaat* tluo'h*8 : dhool* 
fin* it* uz* 'go'h'n ugi*h*n]. Cross 
that field*, you'll find it (the 
way) as near (or short) again; 
f . e. a shorter distance by ono 
■ half. 

Gallac-handed [gaal'iik-aan*did], 
adj. left-handed. Wh. Gl. ; Mid. 

Gallowses [gaal*iisiz], sb. pi. 

braces. Wh. Gl. ; gen. Also, 
• common in the singular [gaal'us]. 

Gktlore [guluohV], in plenty, or 
abundance. Wh. Gl. ; gen. 

Gamashes [gaam*u.sliiz], sb. ]>]. 
leggings worn by daytal-women 
in the fields, during inclement 



weather; gen. Men's legpng^ are 
called * spatter-duslies ' [spaat''- 
iirdaashiz], and * splatterdashes * 

Oam'ish [<(aam-i8h] ; or Gam*80me 
[gaam'sum] ; orGam'y[gaam'il; 
or Oam'lesonie [gaam'ulsumj, 
adj. frolicsome, or si)ortive. The 
two first forms, given in the Wh, 
Gl.y are general. The four are 
heard in Mid- Yorkshire. 

GhLmmer [gaamur], v. n. to idle, 
or trifle. Wh. UL ; Mid. » What 
is thou (are you) gam men' ng 
away thy (your) time there for ? ' 
[Waats* tu gaara'urin* uweh' 
dhi taa-m dhi'h* fur* P] 

GhLmmerstags [gaam'ustaagz],usu- 

ally applied to a female of idle, 
loose habits. Wh, Gl. ; ^Mid. 

Gan'by [gaau'baay, (and) l)aa*], a 
slip-stile ; gen. Also tigurative- 
1}% *I gave him the gau*hy' [Aa* 
gaav im* t gaan'baay], gave 
him the goby, or slip. Wh, Ui. ; 

Oang [g«'ian^g], a division of a 
mine ; Nidd. Lead-mines are 
j)rincipally worked upward, from 
the base of a hill, so that there 
are a continuous succession of 
galleries, or fjongs. 

Oang [gaangg*] ; or Gan [gaan*], 
V. n. go. Ganner [gaan 'in]; or 
Ganger [gaangg'ur], sb. goer. 
Ganning [guunin] ; ar Gang- 
ing [;gaangg-in], pp. going. 
Gangingson [gaanginz-:ao*n] 
(or, with th«' [g] elided), goings- 
on^l)roceedings. Wh. 01. ; gen. 
Ganggate [giiangg'-ge'h't (or) 
gih-'t], an o])en way. 

Gang [gaangg], a path ; also, a 
narrow way of any kind. Often 
UHt'd with a descriptive prefix, 
as Bygang [baagaang]. Cross- 
gang [kniosga a ngj, Do wngang 
[doongaang], Outgang [oot- 
gaangj, XJpgang [u()i)*gaang] 
in Wh, Gl. ; gen. So Tow -gang 
[taow* - gjuuig] for a towing- 
path, Ings-gang [ingz-gaaiig]. 

the field-path by a river, and 
Ower-gang [aowh*'r-gaang], 
for the way over a hill. Also 
affixed to words, as in Gang- 
board [gaang'-biuoh'd], for a 

Gang aga*te [gaang* ugeh^t (and) 
ugi'h't], V. n. go away ! gen. 
The form most used imperatively, 
when a scornful emphasis is as- 
sociated with the commaud. 

Gang-drover [gaang- - d riwvnr] ; 
or Gang-man [gaang'-munj, 
the chief workman of a gang; 

Gangeril [gaang-uriJ], a con- 
temptuous term applied to any 
person who may be bid to go. 
Also, to a sorry animal, as an 
ill - tempered old horse ; Mid. 
The Wh. Gl, has * a pedlar, a 
beggar, a toad.' 

Gangery [gaangurij, tawdry ap- 
parel, finery; Mid. 

Ckintree [gaant*ri], a framework 
of beam-like pieces of wood, 
having square legs, and used for 
laying beer-barrels on. Wh, GL ; 

Gap Fgaap-] ; or Gapst^ad [gaap*- 
sti'h'd], any kind of oi>ening; 
gen. A gateway is often called 
a gapsiead, 

GFar [gaa'r], v. a. to cause, or 
make. Wh, Gl, ; Mid. Not much 

Garb [gaab], v. a. to bedizen, in 
Wh, GL, but in Mid- Yorkshire 
not usually employed in the 
burlesque sense bj' wliich the 
word is ordinarily identified. To 
array one's self too fashionably, 
would call forth the term ; or to 
pay a trifling over-attention to 
dress, becomingly, but not con- 
si dei-ed necessary for an occasion. 
* Thou need not garb thyself out 
so much ; it's only a market-day' 
fDhoo nih-'du'nt gaa'b dhisen' 
oot' su mich* ; itz* naobut u 
n;Lh'kit-dih']. [Goh'b, (and, 


H frequently) g^ehT)], are com- 
mon pronunciations, bxi. 
Oarber [gaa-bur], v. a. nntl v. n. 
to gather, or rake tngether 
BTeedily ; Mid. ' He 'b got his 
btBSB ( money ) garbtred.and knows 
no good of it' [Eez- git'u'n in- 
bnuis' gaa'bad, ua' aao'li's n;e'b' 
gt'h'd ont-3. In a one-handed 

acranbie for, say, broken piec 
of tobacco-pipe stem., whitli 
3 favoiir for 

mental iiseA they con be put to 
when strung together, bead-Eke, 
one juvenile will check another's 
eageraees by calling out, that he 
is ' yrcrbtTing with both hands' 
[gaa'burin ni be'h'th aants']. 

OarSta [gaa-fite], ab. pi. the eat- 
able appiirtenances of a fowl. 
The Wh. (31. includes those of 
giiHse ill the tei-m. Those, in 
Mid-Yurks., are more commonly 
called giblsta [jib-lits]. Oib- 
let-pi« [jib'lit-paa'], 

Oarn [kba-h], sb. and ailj. yam; 
gun. Also [ge-h'n]. 

Garth rgt--b'th]. This tenn, ex- 
amnled in the Wh. GL. is, in 
Mid-Yorke,, and the rural north 
generally, applied to on open 
enclosnre of any kind, per- 
taining to a homestead, or other 
building. Kirk-garth fkurk'- 
ge'h'thp, HaU-garth ^'h'l-- 
ge'h'thl. Barn- garth Tbiui'n- 
ge'h'thl, Pield-garth [fib-'ld-- 
ge-h'th] ; gen. 

Carver [gita-rur], v. n. and sb. to 
ply the tongue uniairly, in a 
pnvy tnnnner. ' Sike garvrring 
deed' [Sa'yk gaa-Yu'rin dee'd], 
fiuch underneath work. 

Gate [ge-fi't, g;i'h't], way, literally 
and Hgurativoly. Wh. 01. ; gen. 
Old people employ the last form. 

Oata [gili't, geh-'t], a portion of 
common pasture land, enough to 
proride for one cow ; gen. 'Cow- 
- * [koogih-'ts] are allotted 
.e poor of a ' townehip ' for a 

small yearly rent. Not always, 
but generally, on the part of old 
landed proprietors. 

Gatoago [ge'h'tij, gi-h'tij], pas- 
turage. Also, the rental of 
pasturage. Wh. Gl. ; gen, 

Ganfer [gaoh^'fur], a. description 
of tea-cake (the varieties are a 
pleasant feature of a country- 
bouse table) mode of very light 
paste, with an abundance of cur- 
rants added. The ' pricking- 
fork' is freely used upon it; 
gen. [Cf. F, gau/rt, a wafer, 
whii'h word often meant a die, 
in old English.— W. W. 8.] 

Gauge [ge'h'j], v. a. gauge ; gen. 
But mostly «ae<l in a conversa- 
tional way, with the meaning of, 
to measure the appetite in re- 
spect to proportion. A husband 
will, with an ungenerous hu- 
mour, say at the dinner-tabto, 
' Thou 's gdugtd us fo a hnir's- 
broadth with thy pudding to-day, 
dame ' [Dliooa- geb'jd ua* tiv" n 
'.e'h'z-bri'h'dh wi dhi puodin tu 
d:i-h', di'h'm]. 

Gaum [gao'h'm, g:uo'h'm]. This, 
exampled in the lV7i. Gl. as an 
active verb, to under giojid, is in 
general use in this sense, and in 
Mid -Yorkshire is alEw employed 
in a neuhr senw, and as a luh- 
stnntive, 'Thou'e no gaum in 
thee' [Dhooz' ne^h' gao'b'm i 
dhu]. As a verb, it afeo carries 
the meaning of, to comprehend; 
as, also, to listen attentively. ' Is 
thee jniiminj, now?' 'Aye, I've 
been gaaniing all the time' [Iz' 
tu gao'h'min, noo ? Aey, Aa' 
bin- gao'h'min yaal- t toa'm]. 
Oaumiah fgao'h'mish], know- 
ing ; of a clever understanding 
{Wh. GL; gen.). 

Ganp[gao-h'p,g;uo-h'p]; orGaOTe 
[gno'b'v], y. n. These words, 
with one meaning in the Wh, 
01., have some distinction in 
Uid-Yorks. and Nidderdule ; the 
former word meaning to gape 



only, and the latter to gape and 
stare together. To stare only is, 
as at Whitby, to gloor [^gl:u6h-'r 
(and) gluo'li'r]. OauTing ( Wh, 
GL)t staring, with a clown-like 
expression. Also, as ybs. act. 

Oanvey [gao-h'vil; or Oanyiion 

[gao'h'yisiin], a dunce, or simple- 
ton. 111^. 01,; gen. 

Oawk [gaoh-'k] ; or Oowk 
[gaowk*], cuckoo ; gen. The 
length of time during which it 
is heard is also designated by the 
same terms. 

Chtwk-hand [gao-h'kaand-], the 
left hand. Wk, GL ; gen. Ct 
F. gauche. See Gallac-handed. 

Gay [ge'h'], adj. a term affirming 
a satisfactory condition, and cor- 
responding to *■ brave* in colloquial 
usage ; as, gay in health, in the 
state of the weather, in size, or 
in number. Oayish, fairish. 
Gayly, adv. Wh. GL ; gen. 

O^ap [gih'*pl, V. n. to cry out 
loudly, or bawl; to gape (and 
substantively), Wh, Gl, ; gen. 
In the first sense, there is, too, 
a substantive UAe of the word, 
when the noise made is a single, 
and not a continuous cry. 

Oear fgi'h'r], possessions, or be- 
longings of any kind, as house- 
hold goods, property, riches, or 
personal apparel. For any kind 
of harness, the plural [gi'Vz] is 
also used. Wh, Gl, ; gen. 

Oeavelook [gi'hVluk], a crowbar ; 
Wh, Gl. ; gen. 

Oeavle [gi-liVu'l], gable ; Mid. 

Geed [geed-, gih-'d], pret. went ; 
Wh. Gl ; Mid. The last is the 
most frequent pronunciation. 

Geen [gee-n] ; or Gin [gin-1, pp. 
and aclj . given. Also used idiom- 
atically, as in the phrase 'grin,' 
or, \7een again* [gin*, (or) gee*n 
ug-.ih'uj, relented, or turned to 
an origmal condition, after any 

manner, — said of persons, ot 
thin^ WK Gl.; sen. The 
verb IS also freely lued with tiiii 

Gelt [geltj, gain; Mid. <I 
sniled a bird yesterday, as big 
as a nanpie, and, while I was 
doing it, I riuthered with one 
fond foot, and over went mr 
egg -basket; so there wemt 
much gdt oat of that' [Aa* 
snaa-ld a baod* yao8*fuda, ns 
big" nz' a naan'paa**, nn* waal 
Aa waar* di'h'u'nt :Aa* 8luodh*ud 
wi yaan' f:aoiid fih'^t, nn' aow*h' 
wint* maa ig* baas'kit; se'h' 
dhn waa*nt mich' eelt* cot* n 
*dhaat*], I snared a oird yester- 
day, and, while I was doing it^ i 
slipped [the dialect verb impHee 
a sliding movement] with one 
fool of a foot, &c. 

Gtonder [jend'ur, jin'd'nr], v. n., 
y. a., and sb., to ^lake noisily, as 
loose window-frames, to the rum- 
ble of a vehicle ; gen. 

Gentle [jin*tuT|, adj. well-bom; 
Mid. Hisrh [ley] is also nsed, 
and more commonly. *I care 
not whether he's high or low' 
[Aa* keh*'m'nt wid*'nr eez* :e*y 
xur lao'h']. Gentle and Simple 
[jintu'l un* sim'pul], the phnsa 
quoted in the Wh, GL, is also 
constantly used. Old people em- 
ploy, too, both [e] and ph**] for 
the [i] in the last word. 

Geometries [jaoh-'mntriz], said 
of anything in rags or tatters. 
Wh, Gl, ; Mid. 

Gep [gep*], V. n. gape. Wh, Cfl ; 
gen. * Thou's (then art) like a 
gorpin: thon's always geppin* 
[Dhooz' laa'k u gao'h'pin : dhuor 
yaal'us gep'in]. 

Gess [ges*] ; or QiM [gis'] ; or 
Gere [gu's]; or Gress [gres*], 
grass. Gess and Gers, witn 
Gress, as an occasional form, 
are general. Giss is a Mid- 
York, form. 


-G*t [(?'•']■ ^>™ed ; offBpmig ; 
epocias ; kind. IPS, 61, ; gen. 
The vtrb haa also this pronimcia- 

Oather [ged'^lT, gid-'ur], v. a. the 
pronancutioii of foMer; gen. 

Getting [git'ini], gifta ; Mid. A 
poor peraou wul make a daUy 
journey to a dwelling for her 
g^tiiufi, vluch nay amiuna any 
form, such na broken Tictuals, a. 
dole of miUc, or a pittance in 

Oewgov feiwMow], a Jew's- 
hup; gen. Wh. 81. In Una 
gloMuy, the mud has aleo the 
meaning of ' any nick-nack, or 
trifle.' In Ifid-Yorka. theie is 
altered pronunciation for 

this last meaning, [g:i'h' s:ao-h], 
which is indeed merely t£e pro- 
Donciation otgerngaur. The first 

in the word. The woid is also 
used figuratdvely, of a timpltton. 

Oib [gib-], a hook, either natural 
to Ue end of a stick, or made for 
the end of one. Not necessarily 
• vooden hook, as at Whitby. 
A boat-hook would be deacribad 
H ' a long pole, with a. gib at the 
end ' [u laMig' paowl, wi u gib- 
at" t iiid'] ; gen. 

Gif [gif'], coitj. if. A casual fonn, 
mostly he*rd in Nidderdale. 

Qift [gift-], a whit« speck on the 
finger-nail, sapmtiljoiuly looked 

* A yi/i o' my finger, 
la sure to linger; 
Bnt a gift on my thumb. 
Is sure to come. 
rU g^' a mi finggur, 
Iz- ai'h'r tu ling^^ur; 
Bnd' a gift' u mi thuo-m, 
la* li-h'T tu kuo-m]. 

OiffTgig-], a state of flurry ; Mid. 
' He 's on the gig to be ofit ' [Eez- 
ut- gig- tu hi ;ao-f]. ' In a gig to 
go' [I u gig- tu gaan-]. in a 
state of flurry to go. PCt. the 
phrase ' all agog ' (John OilpinV 
— W. W. 8.] 

Gielet [gig'Iit] ; or Giglot [gig-- 
lut], a laua-hing, thoughtless 
female. The last term is general; 
the first ( Wh. 01.) is aJso a Mid* 
Torkahire one. 

Oildert [gil'dut], a horse-hair 
nooge, fixed on the ground, for 
catching birds. Wh. Gl.; Mid. 

QUI [gil'], a woodr glen. Wk. 
Ql.; gen. 

GiUet [gil-it] ; or GUt fgilt-J ; or 
Oolt [gelt-]; or OoU[gaolf], a 
young BOW. With the excepbon 
of the last one, heard in Niddor- 
dale, these fortes are geneisl. 

Gimlet-eye [gim-Iit-ee-], a free 
term for a squinting eye. Wh. 
Gl.; gen. 

Ginuner [gim-ur], a young ewe, 
or sow. The word may be used 
alone (the object being under- 
Htood], or as a qualifying term, 

, BA in the IfA. Gl. exam^es, * A 
gimraer lamb ' [U gimur laam-j, 
' A gimmer hog ' [U gim-ur og'J; 

Oin [gin-], conj. though. Wk. 

Gin [gin-] ; or Gif fmf-l ; or Gift 

[gat-l conl if. lie first is the 
usual Mid-xorks. form; the two 
last are most heard in Nidder-. 

Gird [gurdj, a task of strength ; 
a bout ; Mid. A poorly person 
will aay, in humorous reference 
to his weak condition : ' I 'a [I 'm) 
middling at meal-times, but I 've 
hardish gird* between ' [As -si 
mid-lin ut' mi-h'l-faa-mz, bud' 
:AaT aa'dish gurdz- utwee-n]. 

Girder [gaor-du], a cooper. Gird, 
T. a. and sb. to hoop. Mid. 



Oise [ja'ys*], v. n. and v. a. to 
pasture; gen. Gistur (jis'- 
tu], a cow in pasturage. 'He's 
some oxen gUing in Twenty- 
lands * (name of a field), fEez* 
suom* ooz'un ja'ysin i Twih**n*ti- 

Gitten [git-u'n] ; or Getten [get*- 
u*n], pp. got ; gen. These forms 
are aunost in equal use, the first 
beine the most characteristic. 
Neither form is heard in town 
dialect, the pp. general to these 
phases being [got'u'nj. 

Gizard [giz-udl, a person ridicul- 
ously dressed, disguised, or in 
masked character. Wh.Gl,;'Mid, 

Oizzen [giz*un], v. n. and sb. to 
grin audibly ; gen. 

Glazzen [dlaaz-u'n], v. a. to glaze, 
or funush with window-glass. 
Glazzener [dlaaz'nu], glazier. 
Wh, 01, ; gen. Also, commonly, 
as a neuter verb, 

Gl^ad [dU-h'd] ; or Gled [dledj ; 
or Glid [dlid-], the kite. The 
two first forms {Wh, 01,) are 
general ; the last a Mid-Torks. 

Glee [dleo'l, v. n. and sb. to 
squint; Mid. 

Gleg [dleg*], V. a., v. n., and sb. 
to glance askance, or slily. Wh, 
01, ; gen. 

Glib [dlib-] ; or Glibby [dlib-i], 
adj. slippery; Mid. 

Glif [dlif*], a sight, or open 
view ; gen. The Wh, 01, has * a 
firight,' but in Mid- Yorkshire, 
and elsewhere, the term does not 
necessarily imply fear or terror, 
unless qualified adjectivally, as 
in tiie Whitby example, * I got 
a sore gliff' [Aar gaat* u se'h*r 
dlif-] (md.). Tie participle 
gllTd [dlift*] is occasionally 
heard, too, but not the verb, 

Glift [dlift^, a slight look, or 
glance. Wh,Ol.; gen. So, too, 
in this case the participle (glifted 
[dlif'tid]) is in common use, but 

not the verb; (lifid.) 'He was 
going across the lane end, and 
I on^ just glif ted him ' [£e wur* 
gaanin ukruos* t luo'H'n ind*, 
un* :Aanaob*at juos* dlif'tid im*]. 

Glime [dlaa*m, dleym (ref.)], 
y. a., V. n., and sb. to stare, in a 
searching manner ; Mid. 

Glimpt [dlimt*], glimpse. A com- 
mon pronunciation in Mid- York- 

Glink [dlingk*], sb., v. a., and 
V. n. a short watchful glance; 
Mid. * From glinking he got to 
gliming * [Frae 'dling'kin i gaat* 
tu *dlaa*min], got to staring. 
See Olime. 

Glisk [dlisk'l, vb. impers. glisten. 
Wh. Gl, ; Mid. 

G16ainiiigJ(iluo-h'niin], the twi- 
light. Wh. 01, ; gen. The verb 
pri6am is in general use, too, and 
IS very common in Mid- York- 
shire. * It begins to gloam ' [It* 
biginz- tu dluo-h'ml. ' I must 
be going homewardis before it 
gloavM ' [Aa* mun* bi gaan*in 
yaam'udz ufuo'h'rit* dluo'h'mz]. 

G16ar [dluoh'rj, v. n. and sb. to 
stare. Wh. Qfl,; gen. 

Glor [dlaor*], adj. and sb. tremn- 
lous. AlwayB used in relation to 
some &tty substance. Wh, Gl, ; 

Sen. Ofaveryfat person, whose 
esh shakes upon ner, it will be 
said, * She 's faur glor fat ' [Shoor 
feh'r dlaor* faat'J, quite looee &t 

Glum [dluom*], adj. and y. n. 
sullen ; gloomy. Wh. Gl. ; gen. 
'If thou doesn't want it, say 
thou does n't : thou need not go 
and glum over it ' [Un* tu duoz*- 
u'nt waant* it*, se*h' dhoo diz*- 
u'nt : dhoo nih*'du'nt gaan* un* 
dluom* aowh' t]. 

G 1 n m p B [dluomps*], sulks. 
Glumpy [dIuom*pi], a^j. sulky. 
Wh, 01,; gen. Also glump 

eluomp'], V. n. to sulk, * Pray 
ee, what 's thou glumping at P ' 


[Fridh' n, TBiits' tn dluotu'pm 


I knot, or natural 
timber. Wh, 01.; 

Onirl [naal], t. n. to gnaw. Wh. 
01. ; gen. Alao, in frequent use 
activtltf, and as a. tubttantivt. 

6nit [oit'], gnat ; Mid. 

Gob [gaob'l, sb. and v. a. mouth- 
Sxamplea aa a »ubitanlive in the 
Wh. 01., but common as b. vtrl, 
too, in Uid-Yorks. and Nidder- 
dale. ' Watch me gob that up' 
IWoach' mee' gaob' dhaat' uop^. 
The word can onljr be here ren- 
dered eat byan aaeociation with the 
ludicrous — ' mouth ' [maaw'dh] 
being the eqniTolent. 

6Dbbl« j^b-u'l], T. a to talk 
in an mdolent, coarse, aasmimig 
nknner, with ^«at action of the 
mouth. Wh. ai. ; Mid. 

Ooblet-fflau [gob-lit - dUas], a 
e drinking- glosa. Wh. 01.; 

large d 

irtriiLK [^oob'Bt'ring], a bridle, 
jniWy. Wh. ai. ; Mid. 

Oobvoit [gaob-rint], ntteranca, 
femiliarlT. The first vowel is 
often eubstituted by a medial 
one; gen. 

Oodderl; [gaod-'urli, guob-'d'ulil, 
adj. affable; Mid. 

Oodspenny [gaodz-peni], earnest 
■noney, given at the statute- 
hiring* ; Wh. 01. ; gen. This 
use of the genitive is quite re- 
cognized, and is not infrequent, 
but the sign is oftener wanting ; 
the form being [gaod'peni]. 

I [gol'ushiz], sb. pL low 
gaiters for prol«ctmg the ankles 
and feet; Wh.Ol.;geB. A Uid- 
Torkshireman will also call them 
bis l<nr [lao'h^ or aLiiUe-g»itera 
[aaag-kul-gu'hVus] . 

Golp [golp-] ; or Efolper [gol-pir] ; 
or Q-olly [goHl, names for a 
newly-hat^Jied bird ; Mid. ' A 
bare golly neat ' [U be'h'r gol'i 
n:e'stt. 'As bare as a golp^' 
[Uz- beh'r uz- u gol-pu]. The 
vowel [bo] is Bomotimes heaid, 
but'is not the usual fbrm. 

Qoodlike [g:i'h'dlaa-k, leyk (re - 
fined)], a!^. good-looking. Wh. 
01; gen. 

Good lale [gih''d seh'l] ! UBoaUy 
an interjection, but may be fna.-- 
fXoytAtiihttantivtiy. An old form 
of leaTB-taking. The Wh. 01. 
notes the form aa obsolete, but 
in Mid-Yorkshire it is still oom- 
mon enough over the threshold, 
and also over t' aud yat [f ao'h'd 
vaat'l, OS the 'housegarth'-gate 
IS called, when neighbours go 
by, bound to market, or fiur, 
with theii produce, or cattle. 
rrha form la sometimes, as is in- 
dicated above, associated (by a 
natural mistake) with wishing a 
seller success. It means, how- 
ever, ' good luck to you.' See 
Beel in Oloe. B. 16 (E. D. S.). It 
is merely A.S. ii^, which means 
(1) season, time, (2) luck, pros- 
perity, &c., &c The connection 
with latt in the selling sense 
was easily made, though it had 
none uihateuer. In B^x, hai(- 

Oorpin [gooh-'pinl; or Ooip 
[g;ao-h'p] ; or Qornn [gaoh''finT| 
names for a newly-hat^ied biro ; 

Gotten [got-u'n], pp. begotten; 

Gonl [gaowl, g:uoh'l], v, impeia. 
and sb. said of the wmd, when it 
comes in noisy guste. Wh, 01. ; 

Gowk [gaowk-1 ; or Odak [guoh-'kl 
A stack which has bean cut nnma 
to a little remainder, has been 
' cutten to f gSak.' So the core 



part of Mt ftppl« or pear is its 

gowk ; but, applied to thia &ait, 
there ore TanatioiiB, lUid g in 
changed quite usually for c, too. 
Tliere are these forms, general, 
like the above. Qowk [gsowk', 
gaowk] ; or 06ak fguoh-'k, 
g:uo-h'k] ; or Oaohk [gaoh-'k, 

E-h'k, gao'k (refined]]; or (Hak 
h'kj, each changinff the milial 
er for c [k], which is aa fro- 
quently heanL 

Oowk [goowk] ; or Oftvk 
[gaoh-'k] : or Oawky [gaoh-'kil; 
orOawkhead [gaoh-^:rh'd (and) 
yii'h'd], applied to a person of 
roolish, awkward behaTiour. The 
three first forma {Wh. 01.) are 
general ; the last one Mid. . 

Oowland [goow-Iund, g:ao-b'lund, 
(and, in each case,] lun], mari- 
gold. Wk. Oi. ; gen. 

Oowpen [gaowpin, g:ao-h'pin], a 
handful. Wh. Gl. ; gen, 

Ooy! [g:aoy, gao-y,] a petty 
oath ; Upper Nidd. 

GradBly [bToh'dli], adj. and adv. 
uplift; decent; orderly; gen. 

Graft [graaftl a hole, or spade- 
cutting : as the patch of ground 
left bure whore turf has been 
dug, or where the oxcavation for 
a houM has been mode ; Nidd. 

Graith [greh'dh] ; or Graithing 
[gro'h dhin], material belongings 
of any description. ' Tea-jruifSi- 
iny [Ti-h'-gr:e-h'dhin]. Oraithtd 
[gre-h'dhdj, equipped, or fur- 
niahod, lifter any manner. WK 
Gl. ; Mid. 

Grass-chat [gTaaa'-chiiat], a small 

field-bird; gen- 
Grave fgre-hV] ; (xr Greave 
[^hV], T. n. and T. a. te dig, 
with a spade; gen. Wh. Gl.; 
' la thou boun (going) to pick ? ' 
— to use the raatlock. 'Nay, I 
shall greavf a. bit' [Iz' tu boo-n 
tu 'pik' ? Nae', Aayz ■gr:i-h'v u 
bit-]. The last form is the com- 

Greawhorn rgrih'sno-h'n], a fiat- 
terer. Wh. Ol. ; gen. Also 
ffrttftM [gri-h's], T. a. to flatter. 

Qrost fonl [gri-h't foo-1], ac|j. ap- 
plied to any object of great, awk- 
ward Bze. Wh. Gl. ; gen. In 
very emphatic langoage, tlis 
pTonnndation wonhl be ['got'- 

Great likelj [gnh't laakli], adr. 
very likely. Wh. 61. ; gen. Also 
Very likalina [vaar'n Ua'klinij, 
with the same import. 

GreaT« [gri-h'v], v. n. and t. o. 
to dig; gen. *I am going to 
greavt potatoes' [Aa-g boon' tu 
gri'h'T te'h'tiz]. 

Greed [gree'd, grih-'d], a greedy 
person. Also greedmev. Wk. 
01. The first signification, is a 
Uid - Yorks. one ; the last ia 

Green [green], evergreen, for 
which word sraen receives no 
addition in the plural. AJso, a 
leafy twig, or amaU bough, of 
any kind ; gen. 

Greet [gree't], t. n. to weep. 
Wh. Ot. ,• gen., with this pro- 
nunciation. In Mid- York., th« 
firununciation ia very frequently 
grit-l. The past is subject to a 
vowel - change, too, the forms 
being [grit'iru] and [gmotu'n]. 
'When thou's grutten thy een 
(eyes) out, thou 'II maybe give 
over, — you will perhapa give up 
[Wen- dhuoz- gruofu'n dii -een 
oot', dhuol- meb" i gi aow'h'r]. 

Chime [graam], eh. and t. a. 
Boot To blacken. AJao used 
figuratively. Grimy [graa'mi], 
a^. blackened, as with soo^ 
coal, or charred wood. lFS.ffl.; 

Griming [groa'minl, a sprinkUng 
of any light fiakv eubatance. 
TFA. Gl.; gen. The word is 

Grip [grip], a Gitns-fuROW, 



mtda - oaUang, traretmng the 
'Uiida'(w«)<rfafi«ild; gen. Ite 
nae, IB to reaeiTe thewateraof tbe 
oidinaiT furrows, for coaveyance 
to the ditch. 

toip [grip], T. ft- and eb. to 
gnap, or dutch. Wh. Ql. ; gen. 

Oripa [graap, greyp (ref.)], a 
dong-fiirk. Wh. Gt. ; gen. 

Qrip-lio'd [gripod], any pro- 
nuaeut pui of an object afford- 
ing a conTenionce, or intended, fbr 
grmapiiif. Wh, 01. ; gen. When 
Htcka of grain, or flour, are sewn 
at the mouth, Ing* [luogz-], or 
■An, an) &iihioned at each end, 
tor affording grip-hod, 

OroRti rgr:uo-h't8], sb. pi. oats; 
gen. No other kind of grain is aa- 
•ociated with so many pronuncia- 
tiona. In addition to the above, 
o-h'ts], [grih-'ta], 

[yaata], [vLO'h'ts^ , 
[vote-] ; rwaata-| , 
[wots"], fwaota'^ , 
and medialj, fwnots'' , 
j{and medial); [aamzj, 
TaaT*m]. The fint and last 
orms are occasional; the form 
with initial to being moat cha- 
racteristic, and, joined to this 
letter, h is often deariy heard, as 
in [wbotB-}. 
Grob [grob'], applied in derieioD, 
plsyfolly, or otherwise, to a di- 
minutiTe person. Wh. 61. ; Mid. 
CIrob [grab*], V. n. to grope, to feel 
for with the hand, where the ait- 
nation is one impeding or confin- 
ing search. Wh. 01. ; gen. Also 
grob, exampled as a ppr. in the 
Wh. GC, ' wandering or trifling 
from place to place.' In this 
■ense, the verb with its partieipU 
cairiee the same implication of 
impediment. A perpon goes 
grohbing about in nnfrmoented 
places, or where he or she has 
no business ; or, one will be 
grobbitig about a large garden. 




in nooks and behind trees, aeea 
one moment and lost the next. 
In oommon use, too, aeUvdy. 

Qrobble [grobni'l], v. n. to work 
the finger, or any pointed in- 
strument, in a manner that will 
make a hole, or enlarge one. 
Wh. Gl. ; gen. ' That child baa 
grobblfd a hole in that pinafore' 
[Dhaat- be'h'nz grob-u'ld u uo-hl 
1 dhaa.t' slip'], 'lie's been baring 
the poker, and he's grobblrd a 
hole m the ash-nook' (the place 
underneath the fire-^te), [Eez- 
bin' BT"in t puo"h-'kur, un" iz" 
grobu'ld u uo-h'l i t aas'-nii-hlc.] 
Also, as an active verb, with great 

QrotM [groa], adj. commonly em- 
ployra for stout, and fat ; gen. 
' A groity body ' [U gros'i bacd'ij, 
a stout person. 

Orou [graow], adj. grim ; por- 
tentously dull in appearance. 
Wh. Gt. ; gen. Also gronaoma 
[graow'Bum], adj., but less ueed. 

Oront [graowt'], sediment of a 
coarse nature, such as the par- 
ticles left in a. tea-cup ; gen, 

Ontb [gniob'j, a grubbing-spade ] 

OmfF fgruof], V. n, to snore, in a 

short, noisy manner; to gnint. 
Wh. 01.; Aud. Also, eubitantivdy. 

Omndage [gruondij], ground 
rent. irft. Gl. ; ^n. In Mid- 
Yorka, the term is also used in 
the sense of a sufGciency of 
ground, A small 'honse-garth' 
will be complained of as afford- 
ing ' no gnindagt ' for anything, 
' stick, stack, nor nought [stik-, 
stoak-, nur- n:ao'wt]. 

Grnnatone [gruon-etunl ; or 
OrunlBBtone [gruan'u'tstiui], a 
grindstone. Wh. 01. ; gen. 

Omntle [gruon'tu'l], v. n. and eb. ; 
exampled as a verb only in the 
Wh. 01. A weak complaining 


t ito litter are at moat timea 
disposed to fffutttie. Bo, peeTiali 
chudren are said to grunlU; 
but the word loaes character 
vKen thus transferred. 

OnUerat [gaalvut] ; or Ooile&t 
[gaa-lfut], the tub used for 
uquor in ferment. Also used in 
reepeot of the tub and ooatonta 
together. WX 01.; gen. The 
pronuociBtionBare quite as often 
[gaayl'vaat] and [gaayl'fot]. 

Oniie [gaa'z], v. n. to masquerade. 

Onlla fguolz-J, othemise oatmeal 
' hasty - pudding ; ' Kidd. The 
latter, pronounced [;i-h'sti (or) 
yii'h'Bti-puodTo], is general to 
Mid- York and the south. The 
boiling process is literally a hasty 
one, as, if left for a moment, the 
preparation spoiK Hence, per- 
naps, the name. 

Gannfll rguonil], a walled nartow 
way; Nidd, 

Oam [gur-'n, gu-n, gun", gaon'] ; 
or (Jen [gen'J ; or (Man rg:ih'n], 
T. n. andsb. to gtva. Also, used 
in respect of the naif crying tone 
in which children com^ain. 'If 
theedoesn't give ayei gaming, 111 
fell thee, as flat as a pancake ! ' 
[If" tu diz'u'nt gi aowh r gur-'nin 
ia-1 fel- dhu, uz' flaat- uz- u 
pBan'k:e'h'k !] Such sentences are 
not quito so fierce as they look. 
The first is a general torm ; and 
-" — n to Mid-Yorks. 

Hack [aak', yaak'l, a kind of 
pickaxe, at mattock, without tlie 
blade eud. Wli. GL ; gen. 

Hackle [aak-u'l], v. n. to Jit well ; 
to accord with any position ; gen. 
A garment liaddti well to a 
person's back ; and a new servant 
to the duties of an old one. 
'She haclclet well to her work, 
howorer ' [Shoo aak'u'k weei 
tiv" u waa'k, oo-ivTi]. 

Haekla [aaka'l], t. a. to dnn 
the ground; to harrow it. WK 
ei.; Mid. 

Haddook [aadnk], a pile of 
sbeaveB, commonly twelve in 
number; gen. 

Eaffle [aaf'u'l, yaaf-nl], t. n. to 
heeitate in Bpeaking; to speak 
oonAisadly, ULd wil^ indecdsion. 
Wh. 01.; gen. 

Hog [aag-1, mist, or haze. Wh. 
01.; gen. 

Hag [aag'], a rock, or abrupt 
cliffy prpminenoe. Wh. 01, ; 

Hag [aag*], a coppice ; any lo- 
cality growing stout underwood. 

Hag faag'], T. a. to become jaded 
or toil-worn in appeoranoe; to 
toil ; Mid. * I was sore Aomnj 
with ginng' [Aa' wur se'Vr 
aagd' wi gaang'ing;] ; rAag*!!!- 
aat' it'], tiding at A. 

Hag -dog [aag'-tlog], a cliop- 
ping-blook. Wh. 61.; Hid. 
Hag, T. a. and t. n, to chip, or 
hack, isgeneraL 

Haf^le [aag-u'l], T. a to chaffer, 
or banter. Also, verb impen., 
to hail. fVK 01. ; pn. Ha^la- 
■tose [aag'u'UtL'h^], a hailstone, 
[Also [aag'sti.'h'n] or [ste'h'D], 
as younger speakers say) ; Mid. 

Hag-worm [aag-waom], applied 
to all kinds of snakes, which are 
rarely found out of woods. See 
the second tubttaniim form Hag. 

Hair-biMd [y:B'hVbree-d, (and) 
brih'd], hair's - breadth. Wh. 
GL; gen. 

Ha'ke [eh''k], ab. and t. n. the 
pronunciation of hawk. Also the 
pronunciation of hawk, a bird ; 

Hake [oh'k, yeh'kl, v. a to 
lounge about, with idle curiomty. 
Also, a grasping, covetous person. 
Wh. GL ; Mid. 

Hal [aal], Henry, or Harry ; gen. 



Hale [:e'h% yte-hl], the handle of 

a plough ; Mid. 
Hale [yeh'l], y. a. to pour, in 

large quantity; to bale. Wh, 

GL; gen. 
TTi^niViTi [aal*ikin] ; or Hal [aal*]^ 

a foolish person ; gen. 

Hammer [yaamm'r], v. n« to 
stammer, as one hampered for 
words. Wh, GL ; gen. 

Hammerblater [aam'u-bleh'- 

f u], the snipe ; gen. 
Hamper [aam'pu],y. a. to burden. 

Also, to infest. Wh. GL The 

first sense is general; the last 

obtains in Mid-Yorks. 

Ham8am[aam*8aam*],ady. To lay 
anything hamsam, is to heap to- 
gether; gen. 

Hanch [aansh*], y. n. snatch; 
Mid. 'What are ye hanehing 
and clicking at, there ?* fWaat* 
u yi aan'shin un* 'tlik-m aat* 
dhrh'r?]. 'If thou hanches in 
that way, I 'U ! '— pn- dhoo 
aan-shiz i 'dhaat' gih* t, :Aa*l! — ] 

Handdont [aan-tloot], a toweL 
JVh. GL; gen. 

Handy - dandy [aan-didaan*dil 
adj. on the alert; gen. *Hes 
handy 'dandy with nim' j[Eez* 
aan'(udaan*m wi im*], sud of 
one who is a match for another 
in sharpness. 

Hang>lit-on *t [aang*lit-ont*] ! in- 
teij. a wordy miprecation. Wh, 
GL ; gen. 

Han|^-mad [aang'-maadl, sb. and 
a4]> See Hey-go-mao. 

Hangtrace [aang't'ri-h's], a bad 
character; a candidate for the 
gallows; Mid. Only old people 
use this word, and it will oe 
quoted by the younger in some 
such phrase as, *Ayo, he's a 
hangtrace^ as aud Betty says by 
such like' [Aay*, eez* u aan^*- 
tV:i'h*s, uz* ao*nd Bet'i sez' biv 
BMia'k laa'k], or [seyk' la*y'k], 
rufined, but usual. 

Hank [aangk*], a loop of any de- 
scription. Also, two or more 
skems of cotton, silk, worsted, 
or thread of any kind. Wh, GL ; 
gen. Hank, y. a. to loop, is 
also in general use. ' Now then, 
catch hold, and hank it* [Noo* 
dhin', kaach'ao'hd,un*aangkit']. 

Hanker [aang'ku], an open clasp, 
or buckle ; Mid. 

E[ankle [aang*ku'l], y. a. to en- 
tice, or mstigate. Wh, GL ; Mid. 
Also, to entangle, as hankled 
worsted [aang'kuld wuos'it]; 
' hankled among the briai-s ' 
[aang'kuld lunaang* t bree'h'z] ; 

Hantle [aan'tu'l], an abundance. 
WK GL ; gen. 

Hap [aap*], y. a. to wrap. Hap- 
ping [aap'inl, wrapping. Bea- 
liapping[bed*aapint bed- wraps. 
Wh, GL ; gen. Also, ^uhatan- 
tivdy. • It has not ^jp enough ' 
[It* ez* u*nt aap' im:i'h*f], nas 
not clothes enough. * Thev may 
manaee for a bit of scran (food), 
but tneyVe scarcely a rag of 
hap* [Dhu mu maan'ish fur* u 
bit* u 'skraan*, bud* dhuv 
aa'dlinz u 'tloot* u 'aap']. 

Hapment [aap'ment],eyent; Mid. 

Happen [aap-u'n] (Wli, GL); or 
Happens [aap*u'nz], ady. per- 
haps; gen. * Will you go, then P * 
* I hajtpena shall * [Wi tu gaan', 
dhin' y Aa 'aap'u'nz saal*]. The 
well-known phrase * happy-go- 
lucky* has more of a meaumg 
to northern than southern ears. 

Harden- faced [aa'du'nfe'Vst, 

(and) fii'h'st], adj. gloomy and 
hord-lookiug, as applied to the 
sky, in unsettled weather (Wh, 
GL), Other conne^^ted terms are 
in use in Nidderdalo and Mid- 
Yorkshire, geneiully. The ad- 
iectiye is often bestowed upon a 
nard - hearted person : * Thoo 
harden* 'faced brute I — thou *s no 
pity in thee ! * [Dhoo* 'aa*du*n- 



fi'h'stbriwt" I — dhooi" neh' pit'i 
i dhii !] Hfuden'-Eaoa, sb. alao, 
forabrazan-biced person. Hard- 
au'd, adj. ia vary common in op- 
probrium, though it does not fol- 
low that there is much meaning 
at all timsa either in thie word or 
ita related noun. 'Thou kard- 
en'd thief I ' [Dhoo aa'du'nd 
theef ! (and) th:i-h'f]. A mother 
will eidaim, on observing ft 
toddling child dipping ita fingers 
in a cream-bowl, ' He 'h hardened 
to the haft' (see Heft) [Eez' 
aa'du'nd tu t- -eft*], hardened 
thoroughly, to tbe bone. 

Harding [aa'dJn], sb. and adj. 
hempen ; £en. to tbe (Munty. A 
• hardiag brat ' [aa'din braat'], 
hempen pinafore ; or, a long outer 
garment of the kind, With or 
without eleevBB, and only seen 
in town diatriuts, [Lit,, made 
of hardi, i. t. coarae fiox. — 
W. W. S.] 

Hardlyi faadliz], adv. baidly; 
Mid. ' I waa that tired I could 
hardlys at«p a foot, nor get one 
leg before the other ' [Aa' wur' 
dhaat' taay h'd Aa' kuod' aa'dlis 
Htip- u fiih't, nur- git' to't' lig- 
ufuoh- tidhur]. Tirtd would 
also be pronounced [taa'd], and 
[taeyh'd] (ref.). 

Hardset [aa-dtet], adv. bard put 
to it. Ilarditt witli ft family; 
hardttt to stand ; hardiel with 
work. irTi. ai.; gon. Hard- 
■attan [aa'dsot u'n], alao, with 
the same meaning in Mid. Is 
also in uao both aa an adjective 
and ncd'fe vfrb. 'They aro a 
poor i(iri/<p( lot' [Dhur'u puo'h'r 
sa-dset- lot-]. ' Take him to the 
field with tlioc, and don't Ixirdstt 
him, now' [Tnak- im- tuf fih-'ld 
wi dhu, un diii'ut aa'dset' im', 
noo]. There ia a change of 
vowel frequently, from [e] to [i] 
short, and from [aa] to [;e'h']. 


« Harding. 

Harr [as-r], mist. Wh. 07.; Hid. 

Harri^ad [aar'iguo'li'd], sb. and 
T. n. a runabout, negligent per- 
son ; Mid. Frequently used to- 
wards grown children. ''Where's 
thou been luirrimading whila 
(till) now?' \yivtim dhoo bin- 

harry ; and goad may bo com* 
pared with yawd, ft jade, a 
worthleaa fellow. See mwd in 
Atkinson's Cleveland GloasaTj. 

— w. w. a] 

Hosk [aosk-], adj. overdry. Wh. 

01.; gen. In Hld-TOTkahire, 

tiie throat is said to ba kattid 

when patohed. 
Haunt [ao'h'nt], a habit Also, 

to accustom. Wh. Ql. ; Mid. 

or HauTiaon [ao-h'visnnl, an 
unmanneted person ; ft down. 
TFA. 01.; gen. Each word of 
the compound is also used separ- 
ately, with a nmilar meuung, 
the last terai being the mora 

Haavuf [aob'vin] ; or Oafla^ 
fuo'h'nn], part. pres. and adj. 
These ore Wh. 01. terms, applied 
to a clownish, gaping person. In 
Mtd-Yorks. oaf [uolPf] is used 
tor fool ; and hauva, with a 
cognate meaning, is employed aa 
a verb neuter. ' What 'a thou 
hauving and g^uving at ? ' 
[Waata- tu ao'b'vin un- gaoh-'v- 
in oat' P], What are you staring 
and gaping ati' — with, an implica- 
tion of clownish manner. Oaf 
is also occaaioDally employed as 
a verb, but is most used par- 
tieipially. Hauling is in great- 
est use, and is, as a rule, ^waya 
selected in empbans. When ttus 
ia not the case, then Uto/of «a/ 
ia aubstituted by v. 

HavTeri [aaviu], sb, pL oata 



Hawermecd ryaaTiiini'h'l], oat- 
meal. Wh. ot; gen. 

Hawbuck [ao-h'buok], a raw, 
downish person ; gen. 

Hue [le'h'z, y:e*li'z]y v. a. to scold ; 
Mid. Also, gen., to beat. 

Famling [aazniUin, ezulin], p. 
pr. ' a flogging with a pliable 
stick or hazel.' Wh. 01. In our 
own localities, any kind of a 
stick may be put to use in hazel- 
ing the back of an offending 
juvenile. Hazel [aaz'ul, ez*u'l] is 
in common use as an active verb. 

Hcadtree[;i-h'dt'ree, yd-h'dt'ree], 
a lintel; gen. The last vowel 
often becomes [i]. 

Hiak [i-h'k, yi-h'k], the hip; 
gen. [Y:i'h'k-be-nn], hip-bone. 

HSalsome [y:i'h'lsam] ; or Hale- 
aome fyre'h'lsum] ; or HSaltli- 
aome ry:i*hlthsum], adj. health- 
ful. The two first pronunciations 
belong to Mid-Yorks. ; the last 
term is general. 

E^p [yri'b'pl, a quarter of a peck 
measure. Wh. 01.; gen. The 
term is not unusually applied to 
both half-peck and peck mea- 
sures, also ; being less specific 
in regard to quantity, than de- 
scriptive of appearance ; the 
measures not being considered 
liberal unless heaped to a point. 
The illustrative phrase in the 
Wh. 01. ***They gi' short 
heeapt " ' [Dhe gi shaot' y.i'h'ps], 
for 'bad measures of all sorts,' 
has an identical moaning. 

H6arb [ih'b, yi'h'b]; or Harb 
[aa*b, yaa'b], the pronunciations 
of herb; gen. 

Heart-eased [:e'h't-, (and) aa-t- 
yi'h'zd], pp. eased in mind. Wh. 
01. ; gen. Heart-ease is com- 
mon as a Bubatantivey and is occa- 
sionally used as an active verb. 
'Go and tell him, now; it '11 
maybe heart - ecue him a bit ' 
[Qaan* un* til* im*, noo; it'u'l 

meb'i -aa't-yi'h'z im* u bit'J. At 
odd times, the noun is in the 
poss. case, but the verb never. 

Hearten [:e*h'tun, (and) aa'tun, 
(also, in each case) tu'n], v. a. to 
encourage. Heartening, with 
a substantive meaning — encour- 
agement. ]Vh. 01. ; gen. In 
Mid- Yorkshire, the verb is used 
with respect to almost any ob- 
ject, or material Tea is heart- 
ened with something stronger ; 
the farmer heartens his land, or 
renders it more fertile, by vari- 
ous means; a timid horse is 
heartened by patting and coax- 
ing ; and so on, the verb having 
either the meaning of to en- 
courage, or to animate. 

Heart-grown [:e'h't-, (and) aa-t- 
groawn], ac^. fondly attached. 
Also, elated. Wh. 01. ; Mid. 

Hear til him ! [yi h' til- im !] in- 
terj. Hark, or. Listen to him! 
usually an exclamation of ridi- 
cule. Wh. 01. ; Mid. 

Heart- sick [:e-h't-sih*'k, (and) 
:aa*t-8i'h'k], adj. a common term, 
used on slight provocation. Wh, 
01. ; gen. * Hast thou been to thy 
grandfather's r* ' 'Yes, but he 
nagged at me till I was fair 
heartsick, so I went' [Ez* tu 
been* tiv dhi graan'd'aadz ? 
:Ae*y, but* i naagu* nat* mu til* 
Aa* "wur* foh'r :aa*t-si*h*k, se 
Aa g^ng^*], treated mo to such 
ill-tempered correction that I was 
quite discomfited by it, so I left. 

Heartwarm r:e-h*t-, (and) :aa-t- 
waa*m], adj. tree-hearted. ]Vh. 
01.; gen. 

Heart-whole [:eli't-, (and) :aa-t- 
wuoh'l, wol'J, adj. sound-hearted. 
Wh. 01. ;'Mid. fUsod by Shake- 
speare; As You Like it, iv. 1. 49. 
— W. W. S.] 

Heathpowt [i-h'dh-poot-, yi h'dh- 


or Moorpowt [m:uo*h'- 
, employed in the singular 

for young moor-game ; gen. 



HgaT»«a'-dowii-tliiHnp fyi-li'v- 

un-doon-thuomp'], cnleay used 
■dTorbially; mdicatmg the plain, 
blunt, geeticolatoty maimer of 
enforcing a statement or ar;^- 
ment ; gen. ■ He came out with 
it, heave-an' 'down-thump ' [Ee 
kaam' oo'twi t', yi'h'v-nn-doon- 
thuomp*]. 'Aye, it 'sail heavt- 
an'-dou^-lAump with him ' [;Aa-y 
ita- yaal- yi-h!v - un - doon- 
thuomp' wi 'im']. 

, s the wi. 
01. nicely internreta the phraae, 
"to berfow charity in mites, 
amounting to little more than 
the Bbadow of giriug, or the 
mere motion of the hand in the 
act. ' Ay, ay, he has heaved his 
hand, he is a g«ierouB Joho'" 
[:Ao-y, ay, eo-z yi'h'Tdiz'aand'; 
VL- u jin'ruB J:uo'h'n]. 

Heokrek],aUtch;MJd. 'Stock 
t httk • [stek- 1 ek-], or [sti-h'k t 
ek'l, equivalent to, Jtroo the 
latch. ' Stock f door, and dont 
let t' heck go down' [Stek' t 
di-h'r, un" di'h'nt lit- 1 "ek- gaan* 
doo'ni is a common caution with 
regard to a houae-dooT. 

Heok [ek'], a rack for fodder. 
IVh. Gl. : gen. A itand-lteck 
[etaand'ek] is a movable rack, 
Bometimes placed on a trestle; 
at other times, having fixed sup- 

Heckberty [ekburi], the wild 

Heckling [ek-lin, ik-Iinl, a scold- 
ing. IfS. m. : Mid. 

Hector [ekt'ur], v. n., v. a., and 
sb. to reprimand, in an overbear- 
ing manner; gen. 'Ill none 
have thee to Aecfor me, however ' 
[Aa-1 no'h'n e -dhee- tu ek'fur 
■maoy, oo-ivur]. Exampled 
paHidpiaUg in the Wh. Gl. The 
torm is also employed generally 
iu its usual sense of, to threaten 
boastfully, or to bluster. 

Baft jeft-l, applied to conduct 
aasocaatad witn oonoealad inten- 
tions; deoeit 'Wluteliaft[waa-t, 
(and)weyt-eft], hypocriBy; dis 
eimnlation. Wk. GL; Ud. 

Heft [eft-, ift-], haft; gen. A 
word" made mnob use of Sgnia- 
tively. 'Downi'f Jl«/*'ri>i'h'n. 
(or) doon' it' eft'L weAkly ; de- 
spondent 'LooseiMf ft«/)'[l;so'WB 
it- eft-}, of » ralrish di^>aaition. 

Hell [»■!, y»-l]. This word, with 
an old meaning, only oocnn in 
spoken couTersation in connec- 
tion with the namea of places; 
aa Hall-d7ka [Veidaa'k], a tann 
applied to a cwee d»A ravine; 

Helm [elm-. Urn-], an open ahed 
fbr sheltering cattle iu Uie field. 
Wh. Gl.; gen. OcoaaionBlly 
heard nearly aa two ayllable* 
from old people, [d-u'm, il'a'm]. 

Heppem [ep-um], adj. guuded, 
or cautious; gen. 'He's very 
Arppem in his doings' [Eei' Tsar-u 
ep'unk i iz- di-ina], 

Hening-siie [ih'r-, (and) srin- 
eiw], the heron, or herooshaw. 
Wh. Ql. ; Mid. 

Heip [esp], sb. and v. a. a lateh.! gea. The tann is alao 
applied to that form of iron catch 
which securea bybeing dropped 
into a staple. 'Hasp' ptoperia 

Hexain[eks-um],arBmote locality. 

first' [Aa-l eee- im' nt- Bks-nm. 
faos-tj. 'He'U earn his salt, 
maybe — when he goes to live at 
Hexam ' [Ee'l aa-n iz* -aMob'X . 
meb- i, wen- i gaangs* tu liv ut* 
Eks-um]. Perhaps tJiese phrases 
may have had ihiax origin in an 
allusion to the ancient and well- 
known town of Hexham ; its 
situation being, high north, in 
the county of Northumberland. 
Hey -go -mad [ej-geh-'maad, 



(and) ey-gaoK-'maad (ref. but 
common)], sb. and a^j. Tiotous 
tumult; Doiflterous frolic. Ex- 
ampled as a subatantive in the 
Wh. Ol, : gen. Hang - mad 
[aangg'-maad], with the same 
meaning, is also employed occa- 
sionally as an adj. , and commonly 
as a sb. in Mid- xorks. 

Hig [ig*], a state of petulance; 
an offended state. Wh, 01. ; gen. 

Highgate [aa-gih-'t, ee-gut], sb. 
and adj. Said ol language allied 
to that of * Billingsgate ; Mid. 

Highty-liorte [aa-t-, (and) eyt'i- 
aos], a child's term for a horse. 
Wh,Gl.:iaid. AlsoHowghty- 
horfle [aowti-aos]. 

Hik [ik'l, v. n. and sb. a clicking 
noise in the throat, like that 
coming of a sharp sob ; Mid. 

ITillifig [iling], a coverlet ; gen. 

Hind [aa'nd, *.aa'ynd], rime, hoar- 
trom; Rind [raa'nd, r:aa*^d], 
rime ; gen. [Gf . Icel. hemj rime ; 
hema, to be coyered with rime. 
— W. W. S.] 

Hinder - end [in'd'ui-indj, the 

back part of anything. Tvh . Gl, ; 
gen. Also applied to persons 
oollectiTely, as an opprobrious 
term, in me sense of riff -raff, or 
re/use, 'The main feck (part) 
of them went their way, but the 
hindiT'-end kept (remained) on' 

Kme'h'n fek* on* um* gaand* 
ur« gih''t, bud* t in*d'ur-ind* 
kipt' on-]. Employed also as 
an a4JM in the sense of hindmost. 

Hipe [eyp* (and, occasionally) 
aa*pl, T. a. to butt, or strike with 
i^e horns. Also, to slander ; to 
contend witii, in a querulous 
manner. Wh, 01, ; gen.. *Ho 
would hijpe at the moon if there 
was nothing else to hipe at' 
[Bed* eyp* ut' mi'h'n if dnu wu 
naowt* els' tu ejrp* aat*]. 

Hipping [ip'in], a child's napkin. 
Wh, OL ; gen. 

Hdast [uo'h'st], adj. hoarse ; gen. 

Hob [aob*], a fniitstone ; Mid. 

Hod [od*, aod*], v. a used of a 
calt-to hod which, is to rear it 
for milking ; Mid. 

Hod [od-] ; or Han'd [ao*h'd (and) 
aoh*'d], V. a., v. n., and sb. hold. 
Employed in various idiomatic 
ways, as in the Wh, GL *He 
has lus land under a good hod ' 
[Ee ez* iz* laand* uon'd'ur u 
gi'h'd od], imder a good tenure. 

* He 'U hod his hwl ' fEe*l -od* iz* 
•od'l, will keep his hold. * Hod 
slack ! ' [Aod* slaak* I], slacken I 
To hod slack, also, to while 
away time, by way of relaxation. 

* Hod on ! ' [Aod* on* !], hold 
tight ! To hod talk [od* t:uo*h'kl, 
to gossip. To hod up [aod* uop*J, 
to keep well. Wh, GL; gen. 
Hod on is also employed in the 
sense of keep on, * Thou must 
hod on the lane, till thou comes 
to the old wooden bridge ' [Dhoo* 
mun* od* on* t luo*h'n til* dhoo 
kuomz' tiv t ao*h'd wuod* brig*]. 

* Hod here a bit ' [Aod* :i*h'r u 
bit*], stay here a "bit. * Hodden 
up [Od*u'n uop*], frail. * Hod- 
sta ! [aod'stu], nold thou, t. e, 
hold! Hod, sb. also, in the 
general sense of pain, * Give 
him some hod* [gee* im* suom* 
-od*], thrash him well ! Hau'd 
is mostly employed as a mono- 

Ho'd [od*], equivalent to pain, 
bodily or mental ; gen. * I '11 
give him some ?w*d when I get 
hold of him ' [Aa*l gi im* suom* 
*od' wen* Aa git* ao*h'd u'n* im*], 
will give him a beating — some- 
thing to remember. Of a blister, 
it will be said, * It gave me some 
hold' [It* gaa mu suom* *od*]. 
A person who has administered 
a severe rebuke or scolding to 
another, will be referred to in 
the terms, * He gave him ho*d of 
it, right ' TEe gaav* im* od* ont*, 
reyt J. * He gave him some hod ' 



[Ee gaav im' suom* od*]. And 
so of the person castigated — * It 
gaye him no ho^d * [It* gaay* 'im* 
ne* od'], took no elfect. 

Hog [og*], a year -old sheep. 
]Vh. GL ; gen. 

Hoit [aoytl applied to a silly 
person, fioiting [aoytin], be- 
naving in a silly manner. Wh, 
QL ; gen. The word is in com- 
mon use as a verhy and the par- 
ticipial form is also employed as 
an adjective, 

HoU [:aol*], a hollow, or ravine. 
Used also figuratively, as in the 
phrase, * the holl of winter ' [t 
:aol* u win't'u], the depth of 
winter, *A little liolVd thing' 
[U laa'tu'l :ao*ld theyng], a 
puny child. Holl, v. a., also, 
to hollow. Wh. GL ; Mid. 

Holm [uoh*'m, aoh*'m (refined)], 
Mid. Applied to a piece of 
ground which is entirely, or in 
great part, bounded by a water- 

Home-comiiLg [e*h'm (and) yaam* 
kuom'in], a familiar term for the 
time of home-return after the 
day's work; and, also, for the 
kind of reception likely to bo met 
with on reaching home. Wh, 
GL; gen, 

Homesome [i-li'msum, e'h*nisum, 
yaam* sum], adj. homely; gen. 

Honey [uou'i, in'i], a common 
tei-m of endearment, used in vari- 
ous connections ; gen. Honey- 
sweet [uon*iswih'Y| ; or Honey- 
come [uon'ikuom-J ; or Honey- 
joy [uon*ijao*y]; or Honeybaim 
[uon*ibo*h'u], applied to children. 
Honeyfathers [uonifaadh'uz, 
uon*if:ih'dhuz] ! an ejaculation 
of favourable surprise. Honey- 
pot [uon'ii)aot], the vessel which 
is supposed tocontiiin the saving^. 
A field in a certain locality goes 
by the name of * lloneypot Field,' 
from the circumstance of a vessel 
coutaiiiing spado guineas having 
boon ploughed up there. 

Hood [uod-l, hob; gen. 'T* 
Aood-end * [T uod'-ind']. 

Hoofii [oo£s-]; or Ho£i [aofis*], 
sb. pi. hooves — a term vulgarly 
applied to the feet Wh, Gl; 
Mid. The first is a Nidderdale 
term, too. 

Hoppet [aop'it] ; or Hopper 

[aoj^nir], a seed-basket, used in 
sowing. W7i, GL; gen. 

Hoppet [aopit], the jaiL Wfi. 
GL; md. 

Hopple [aop'ul], V. a. to tie the 
legs together. The Wh, OL has 
* of cattle, to prevent them run- 
ning awfnr ; ' but the term is of 
less specific signification in Mid- 
Yorks. In a leaping match, 
competitors will sometimes en- 
gage each other with * hoppled 

Hoppil [opil], acy. convenient; 
Mid. * The cart won't hold any 
more.' *I'll awand (v. a. to 
warranty familiarly) thee I Thou'II 
find a hoppil end for them few 
somewhere ' [T ke'h't winnit 
aoh*'d on'i me'h'r. 'Aa*! uwaan'd 
dhu I Dhoo'l fin* u op-il ind* for 
•dhem*faewsuom'wi*li']. [Aew] 
is a far commoner feature of town 

Hopthnuih rop*t'ruosh], the wood- 
louse; Nidd. 

Horse - godmother [aos-gaod*- 
muodhu], applied to a clownish 
woman. Wn, GL : Mid. 

Horsegog [ao-h'sgog], a laige 
wild plum, yellow in colour, and 
very late in ripening ; gen. 

Horse-teng faos* teng, (and, often,) 
os'teng], the dragon-fly ; gen. 

Horsing-steps [:ao*h'sin-8tips], a 
horse-block; gen. 

Hotch [och', aoch'], applied to 
any ill-managed matter. Wh* 
GL ; gen. 

Hotch [och], V. n., v. a., and sb. 
to shake, with a jerking motion. 



Used for lurch, too. Also, to 
limp; gen. 

Hoteher^-hoy [ochnti-aoy], can 
only be rendered explanative by 
the line, 'Neither a man nor a 
boy,' with which it nsually 
rhymee ; gen. Also Hobberty- 
boy [ob'uti * ao*y], as in the 
Wh. Gl. 

Hot-foot [uoh-'tf:i-h't, yaat*- 
iti*h*t], nsed adverbially, in 
figure; Mid. One going along 
hastily, is said to be going along 
hot^/oat. rOhaucer has /(fot-hot, 
hastily ; Man of Lawes Tale, 1. 
438. The same term is used by 
Gower and Barbour.— W. W. S.J 

Hotter [ot''ar], v. a. to jumble, 
or jolt. Also, as a verb neuter^ 
to limp, or totter. Hottery 
[ot-'ri], adj. jolty. Wh. 01. ; Mii 

House [oo-s]; or House-place 

[ooe*-pl:eh's (and) plih'*s]. The 
common liying-room of a house 
is so called. Wh. GL ; een. The 
first term is general to the county. 

HonsefiEtft [oo'sfaast], adj. con- 
fined to the house, as by illness. 
Wh. Gl. : gen. In Mid-Yorks. 
the form housefEMten [oo*s- 
fEUhsun] is in occasional use as a 
verb CLCtive* 

Eonsen - stuff [oo-zu'n - stuof], 

household belongings, as furm- 
ture, &0. Wh, Gl. ; gen. 

Honsil-stnff [oo*zil-6tuof|, house- 
hold articles in general ; gen. 

Housing [oozing], adj. anything 
very large; Mid. 'A great 
hotuing fellow ' [U gri'h't 'ooz'- 
ing fel'u]. 

House [oo'zl, V. n. to breathe 
shortly, and with difficulty. Wh . 
Gl. ; gen. * How he does home 
and ^ze, to be sure ! ' [Oo i diz' 
oo'z un' yi'h*z, tu hi sih''r !] 

Hover [ovur^ aovur], v. n. and 
V. a. to stay from motion ; as, in 
pouring water, '//over your hand,' 
IS said m request to desist Also, 

as a weather term, and generally 
as indicating hesitation or sus- 
pense. Wh. Gl. In the first 
sense, the term is applicable to 
Mid-Torkshire. The remaining 
uses are general. 

Howgates [oo'guts], adv. how; 
in what way; Mid. * Ilowgatea 
did he go?* 'He took the old 
yau*d rhorse), and went by Thorpe 
Wood [Oo'guts did* I gaang* ? 
Ee ti'h'k t aoh-'d yao-h'd, un' 
wint* hi Thur'p Wuoh''d]. 

Howky [aowki], the pet name 
of a horse ; Mid. * Howk ! ' 
[aowk I] is employed, in repeti- 
tion, in attractmg the attention 
of horses running loose in the 

Howl - hamper [ao w *1 - aampu] , 
an empty stomach, jocosely : 

Howsomiwer [ocsumivur, oo**- 
suomivur, aoh'sumivur, aoh'- 
suomivur], adv. howsoever ; 
nevertheless. Wh. Gl. ; gen. 
Also, however, when signifying 
at all events. 

Hubbleshoo [uob'ulshoo* 'juo'bu'l- 
shoo" (and) shih'], a confused 
throng of people. Wh. Gl. ; gen. 

Huff [uof*], an oficnded state. 
* They took the huff at it' [Dhe 
ti-h'k t uof- aaf it']. Wh. Gl. ; 
gen. Also, in common use as 
an active verb. * Don't huff him, 
now, if thou can help it' [I)in'ut 
uof* im, noo, if* dhuo kun* ilp* 
it']. Huffy, adj. is in occasional 
use. Old people often pronounce 
Huff [ih*'f], when used sub- 
start tiveiy. 

Huflai [uof-il] ; or Huwil [uovin, 
a finger-sheath. Wh. GL ; Mid. 
It is usually a leather article. 
It will be said of a wounded 
finger : * I 've got a finger-poke 
for it ; now I want a huwil ' 
[Aa'v git'u'n u fing'u - puo'h'k 
fut* ; noo :Aa* waants* u uovil]. 

Huffle [uof u'l], V. n. and sb. to 



shuffle painfully, in a sitting or 
recumbent position ; Mid. 

Hug [uog*], V. a. and v. n. to 
carry. JTh. 01, ; gen. to the 

Hull [:uo*l], a sty ; gen. 

Hnll [ruoll, V. 0., V. n., and sb. to 
shell. Wh, GL ; gen. Hullina 
[:uo*linz] is also a general euh- 

Hnllart [-.uo'lut] ; or Jenny- 
huUart [jini-:uo*lut], the owl; 

Hummled [uom*uldl, pp. or adj. 
hornless. Humble nas an iden- 
tical pronunciation [uom*u*l]. 
Wh. GL; gen, 

Hnnch [uonsh*], sb. and v. a. 
huff; Mid. •lie's gone off in 
a hunch* [Eez* gi'hn aof* i u 
uon'sh]. * Thou shouldn't say 
naught of the sort to him * thou 'II 
hunch him if thou doesn t mind/ 
[Dhoo suod'u'nt sih** naowt* u t 
suoh*'t tiv im*; dhoo'l uonsh' 
im* if* tu diz'u'nt maa'nd]. 

Hungerslaiii [uong'ursl:ih'n],adj. 
haWng a famished appearance; 
Mid, The term is freely applied 
where circumstances hardly war- 
rant it, as in the case of a family 
who occupy a large residence, 
without having the means to 
provide suitable attendance. * A 
poor hungerslain lot' [U puo'h'r 
uong'ursliih'n lot]. 

Hurf [u-f], scurf ; Nidd. The [r] 
is also occasionally heard. [Spelt 
Or/ in Atkinson's Cleveland 
Glossary, but the h appears in 
the Icol. hni/ay a scab.-VV. W. S.] 

Hurl [:uot1], v. a. and v. n. to 
starve with cold; Mid. * Don't 
go out ; it will h url thee, honey ' 
[Diirut gaang* oo*t ; it'u'l :uo*rl 
dhu, uon'i]. 

Hurple [u'pu'l], v. n. to contract 
and raise the back or shoulder, 
with the sensation of cold. ]Vh. 
01. ; gen. Also heard actively, 

as may be implied in the Wh, Gl, 

Hurtless [aot-lus], adj. unhurt- 
ful; gen. 

Hurtsome [aot-sum], adj. burt^ 
ful; gen. 

Hu8-push [uo8*-puo6h*], a busy 
time; gen, *Come, it will be 
time for going in an hour. We 'd 
better have me hus-push now as 
then ' [Kuom, ifu'l oi taa'm fur 
'gaang'in i iin* uo'h'r. Wid* 
bet*'ur ae t uos'-puosh* tioo' uz* 

Hustle [uos-u'l], V. n. to make 
shift; Mid. *Well, we must 
e'en hustle without it' [Wee'l, 
wi mun* ee*n uos'ul udhoot' it*]. 

Hustlement [uos-u'Iment], a 
mixed gathering of persons, or 
things; Mid. 

Hutch [uoch'], an opprobrious 
term bestowed on an iU-favoured 
person; Mid. ' Who 'a that foul 
hutch r rWe-h'z -dhaat- foo'l 
uoch* ?]. The term is \isually ap- 
plied to females. 

Hype [eyp], v. n. to make a 
mouth, it is used as a plural 
term, too, but, in this case, a is 
commonly added. WTi. OL ; 
gon. Also as a substantive, 

Ice-shaokle [aays-shaaku'l ; or 
Ice-sbog [aays-shosp ; or Ice- 
sboglin [aays-shogunj, icicle. 
The first is usual in Mid-Tork- 
shire. The two last forms are 
Nidd. and northern ones. ' Aays' 
is interchang;eable with 'Aa*8* 
in each locahty. 

ni-fare [il*-feli'r], v. n. to- fare 
ill, in any way ; to experience 
unfavourable oircumstaiices of 
any kind. Wh, 01, ; gen. Also 

ni-gaited [il-ge*h'tid], adj. a bad 
walker. Occasionally applied to 
form, too, as indicating a clumsy 
gait. Wh, 01, ; gen. The sub^ 
stantive is in as common use. 



mify [Qifaa*], v. a. to speak evil 
of; to defamo. Wh, 01.; gen. 

Ill-pnt>on [il'-puot'-on, il-puotn'n- 
onl adj. ill, or shabbily dressed. 
Wfi 01. ; gen. Also, ill-usod ; 
subjected to mean conduct; or 
badW treated after any manner. 
Similar phrases are common, as 
— ni-laid-on [U'-U-h'd-on], ill- 
served; Ill-»et-oii[il*-sot--on], 
foully attacked; Ill-made-on 
ni*-mi*h'd-on], said of a child 
that is neglected, or being harshly 
brought up. 

ni-tentod [n--ten-tid, tin-tid], adj. 
ill-cared for, or watched over. 
Wh. 01.; gen. 

Hi-thriven [il'-thrivu'n] ; or Hl- 
throven [il*-throvu*n, thruov- 
u'n], a4j. sickly, or puny-looking. 
Also applied to those who are of 
un^inly, crooked, or feeble dis- 
position. Wh. 01.; gen. Also 
occasionally to the ill-mannered ; 
and generally to what is stunted 
or imcultiTated. 

Ill-throdden [il-throd-u'n], is 
used in the same sense as Ill- 
thriven, which term see. 

Hl-tom [il'-ton- (and^ taon*l, is, 
witiii the addition of tne indefinite 
article, much used in place of 
the word mtschie/. Wh. 01. ; gen. 

Immie Rm*i], the ant; Upper 
Nidd. \%. e. emmet. The original 
stem would be am; emm-ety 
emm-ick, imm-iey an-t, are di- 
minutiyes. — ^W. W. 8.] 

Impish [im'pish], adj. consonant 
to nature ; Mid. Speaking of a 
child, it will be said, *Ho's 
impish enough; he's dad all 
over* [Ee*z im'pish ini*h*f ; ee*z 
*daad' yaal' aowh'r], he 's father 
all over ; bears a complete re- 
semblance in disposition. So, 
too, of inanimate objects. Of 
the rosemary - tree, it will be 
said, that it is ' an impish thin^,* 
and will not grow on any soil. 
Hence the common country say- 

ing, that it is only to bo found 
about a houno where the mistress 
id master. This is said, too, of 
the herb rue. 

In'ard [in-ud], adv. within ; Mid. 

Innear [ini"h'r, in'ni-h'r], a kid- 
ney ; gen. The Wh. 01. has the 
word as a plural term. In Mid- 
Yorks. Near [ni*h*r] and Nears 
[ni'h'z] are also common. Theso 
are southern forms, too. [Innear 
is a mere corruption. The real 
word is Neary Mid. Eng. nere. 
Germ, mere.— W. W. S.] 

Ing^te [in 'gill* t], a way of en- 
trance. If applied to a pathway, 
a short, more or less enclosed one, 
is indicated ; Mid. Of the outlets 
of divergent paths within a wood, 
it will be said, * There is only one 
ingate; all the rest is (are) out- 
^tes' [Dhuz* nuob'ut 'vaan* 
m'gih't; t rist* iz* oot'gin'ts]. 
There is only one way, or open- 
ing, leading further into the 
wood ; the rest of the ways, or 
openings, lead out. 

Ingle [ing*u*l], a flame, or blaze. 
Also, the fire-side. Wh. 01. ; Mid. 
The term is more generally ap- 
plied in the last sense. Ingle- 
nook [ing'u'l-n:ih*k] is employed 
for the fire-side, or chimney- 

Ings [ingz-], sb. pi. low pasture 
lands. Wh. 01. ; Mid. The term 
is usually applied to land by a 
river-side, and rarely used but in 
the plural, though the reference 
be only to one field. With some 
people, however, it is com- 
pounded with pasture itself, and 
IS then used in the singular. At 
these times, the word accommo- 
dates itself with a meaning, being 
a substitute for river-side. * The 
low ing pasture' [T lao* ing* 
paas't'u] would be taken to mean, 
the low, or bottom pasture, by 
the river-side. 

Inkle fing'kul, ingni'l], a tape, 
used lor apron-striugs, shoe-ties, 



&c. Wh. Oh; Mid. 'As thick 
as f«^/c- weavers ' ^ a common 
expresHion denoting a state of 
close personal intimacy. 

Inkling [ingk-lin], desire; in- 
clination ; a notion or concejition 
of anything; a hint, or intima- 
tion. TTA. GL; gen. The vtrh 
is freely employed, too. A 
person * inkles after riches,' or 
• after a better life,' or for what 
will gratify the appetite. One 
of those words used effectively 
in the pnlpit by the lay exhorters 
who labour among a sect of Dis- 
senters. * Come now, has none 
of you an inkling for Jesus P' 
[Kuom* noo', ez* ne*h*n ao yu u 
mgk'lin fu Ji'h'zus P]. The re- 
fined form of the last Nome is 

Insense [insens*, insins*], v. a. to 
enlighten; to cause to under- 
stand ; gen. Exampled as a pp. 
in the Wh. 01 

Intiv [intiv]; or Intil [intil*] ; 
or Intuv [mtuoyj, prep. unto. 
Wlu OL : gen, Tne last form is 
an additional one, in common 
use. In the case of each, the 
accent is often shifted to the first 
syllable, and at times both syl- 
lables are accented. 

Iv [iv], prep, in ; gen. 

Ivin [aayvin, aa'vin], ivy. Wh, 
01.; gen. 

Jack [jaak'], a half-gill or quarter- 
pint measure. Wh* GL ; gen. 

Jag [jaag*], a blister, or like 
eruption; gen. The face of a 
person in the first stage of the 
Bm all-pox is covered with ' water- 
jiujB ' [ waat • ' ur-j aagz]. 

Jammy [Jaami], James ; gen. 

Jamp [jaamp'], p. t. of jump. 
Ortoii uoard amongst Mid-Yorks. 
p('()j)lo. It occurs in one of the 
illiistiativo 8ent<.nices of the 
Wh, Gl.f under the word Router. 

Jannock [jaaniik], fair, equitable. 
Wh. GL ; gen. 

Jar QaaT], adj. wry, or crooked; 
Mid. A '^r'^ecked' sheep is 
a wry-necked one. [This jar 
is a corruption of chati a turn; 
just as a door 'on the char' is 
said to be Orjar, — ^W. W. S.] 

Jan^mb [jaoh''m], a door or 
window-post; gen. 

Janp [jaoh'p] ; or Jowp [jaowpj, 
T. a. to wash or dash about m 
mass, like water when shaken* 
Wh, GL ; Mid. Waves are said 
to go Jowping up [jaow'pin uol>] 
against the stones on the beach, 
or sea-wall. Also employed «ti^ 

Jawer [jaavnr], sb. and r. n. 
bold, assuming talk« Exampled 
as a sb. in the JHi. OL ; gen. 

Jawping [juo'h'pin], a^j. applied 
to a roomy apertiure. TFTu GL ; 

Jenny-Lind-pie rjin*i-Lin-paa']. 
The miners of r^iddeidale give 
this name to a hone^pie; pre- 
sumably a novelty some years 

Jennyspinner [jini-spinur], the 
crane-fly; gen. 

Jiffy [jif'i\ an instant, familiarly. 
JFh. GL '; gen. 

Jill, or Gill [Jill'], v. n. to top. 
This is the term for a half-pmt 
meewure. Wh. 01. ; gen. 

Jilliver [jil-ivu], wallflower; 

JimcraJke [jim*kr:eh'k],ajinicrovr 

— a ridiculous person ; Mid. 

Jimmer [jim'ur], a broken piece. 
A plate much cracked, but stiU 
unbroken, will be said to be ' all 
in jimmer 8 ; * gen. 

Jimp [jimp*], sb., v. a., and v. n. 
a short irregular curve or bend 
out of a straight course. A bad 
plougher jimpa his furrows ; Mid. 

Jin [Jin*], Jane ; gen. 



76an [Juo'h'n], John ; gen. Jack 
is * Jock ' [ Jok] ; .Mid. 

Joekey [jok-il, a general, mnch- 
used term for one who, in his 
own way, is too bad for any- 
thing. At times, it loses almost 
all trace of humour. Also, as a 
wrh active^ in the sense of to 
trick, or cheat ; Mid. 

Jodenun [jaod-'rum, jaoh-'d'rum], 
applied to a tremulous, jelly-like 
masflL Wli, 01. ; gen. 

Joggle stick [jog'u'lstikl the 
roller, with bolts at each end, 
which secures the body of a cart 
to the shafts ; gen. 

Jolder [jaow'ld'url, v. n., v, a., 
and sb. jolt ; Mia. 

JoU [jaowl-], V. a. and sb. to 
knock against anything. Wh. 
01, ; gen. A common threat 
towards a juTonile, and one 
hardly confined to locality in the 
oounhr, is, * I '11 joll thy head and 
t' wall tocether' [Aa*l 'jaowl* 
dhaa* vi'h d un* t waoh'l tu- 

Jolment [jolTncnt], 'a large 
pitcher - full,' in the Wh, Gl, 
But jolment, in Mid-Torks., 
means a large quantity of any- 
thing. Jorum {Wh, Gl,) has, 
too, the same meaning, and is 
general to the ooimty. 

Jomm [j uo'h'nim]. See Jolment 

Josly [jos-li], adj. cumbrously or 
loosely stout. Wh, 01, ; gen. 

Jos«-o* t*-nack8 [jos'-ut-naaks*], a 
term indicating one who is 
' master of the situation ; * Mid. 

Jowl [jaowl], the jaw, familiarly. 
Wh, 01, ; Mid. 

Jumper [juom'pur], a drill used 
by miners in boring rock ; Nidd. 

Jnnters [juon't'uz], a state of 

Kale [kih-'l, ke-h'l], water-por- 
ridge; gen. 

Eatty [Kaat'i], Kate, proper 
name ; gen. Also Kitty [kit'i]. 
Catharine may be the name given 
at the font, but this form is 
rarely heard. When heard, it 
is pronounced [Kaat*'run1. The 
pronunciation of Kate is [&:i*h't]. 

Sleak [kih''k], v. a. to jerk a 
limb, with a short, sudden 
effort; to tut. K^aked [kih-'kt], 
Keaked up ndh''kt uop'], to oe 
so raised. Also, in the sense of 
being Tain, or ' stuck up.* Uli, 
01. ; gen. A mother will say to 
an over-playful child, by way of 
caution : * Thou *11 keak thy neck 
tiU it creaks ' [Dhuol- kih-'k dhi 
nek' til* it* kr:i'h'ks]. Also em- 
ployed substantively, 

Kcal [ki'h'l], a liquid mess of 
any kind. Keal - pot [k:i-h*l- 
pot*] ; or Kail-pot [k:e-h'l-pot'], 
the porridge-pot — a protul^rant 
iron vessel, upon legs, with a 
long handle, and with often a 
hoop-handle added. Wh, 01,; 

Keam [ki'h'ml; or Eaim [ke-h'm], 
a comb. Wh, 01, ; gen. In com- 
mon use, too, as an active verb, 

Kcan [k:i*h'n], v. n., v. a., and 
sb. to scum, or throw off as re- 
crement. K^an [kiih'n], a par- 
ticle of this nature. K^aned 
[kii'h'nd], scummed in this wise. 
The Wh. 01, has the last form, 
together with the sb. pi. These, 
in Mid-Torks., are most heard, 
but the verba and sing, sb, are 
also fully recognised in this 

Keave [kihV], v. n. and v. a. to 
sort, with an implement. K6av- 
ing-rake [krh'vin-r:eh'k], a 
bam - floor rake. K^aving- 
riddle [ki*hVin-ridu*l, ruodu'l], 
a grain-riddle, or sieve. Wh, 
01.; Mid, 

Keb [keb*], an old worn -out 
sheep; gen. 

Keck [kek'j ; or Kecken [kek'u'n], 


' the effort bebreen a choke and 
a con^h.' TTA. 01 The first 
form 18 employed lubslantivily, 
and the liet as a t. n. ; gen. 
Eeckenliearted [keku'ne-h'tid, 
keku'naa'tid], adj., lit. chicken- 

hoarted ; Bqueamisji, ■ ' '' 

fiwd. Wh. 01; gen 

and sb. to 

Eeckle [keku'l], 
giggle. Examplcd as a werb m 
the Wh. 01.; Mid, 

Kedge [kej-]; or Eedgsbelly 
[kej-beU], a glutton. K«d^ed 
fkejd], pp. filled with eating, 
kedg^, Bb. edibles. Wh. 01. ; 
Kfa. Kedg«, also, t. n. and \. a. ; 

Eeg [keg']i the stomach, fami- 
liarly ; gen. ' Blash - ^'d ' 
[bWsh'^kcgd'], irater - beUiod ; 
a term of impirtial application, 
being bestowed both on a peraon 
of drunken habits, and on a tee- 

Keg [keg'], V. a. to give sharp 
oflenco. The pp. ie oxamnled in 
the TiTi. 01 ; Mid. 

Keki [keks-], or Eelk [kelk-], 

hemlock ; gen. The same plant 
ia also called bun [buon-] ; 
but this t«nn is more fre- 
quently applied to a kind of 
rabbit - herbage, growing in 

Celd [kaeld-], often used of a 
brook, or spring, Wii.Ol.; gen. 

Eelk [kelk-], the roe of female 
flab. Wh. 01; Mid. 

Kelk [kcl k], a blow. Wh. Gl. ; 

Eel^ [kelps', kilps'], sb. pi. 
chinmfy pothooks, of iron ; gen., 
II'A. 0^, which notes: "Wbon 
the pot in taken from the hooks 
over the fire, tho latter begin to 
vibruttj, and tho maid is anxious 
to stop them, for while thov con- 
tinue iu motion ' the Virgin 
weupH,' " This is also a common 
Buporstition in Mid-Yorkdiire. 

In Niddetdale, the minera call 
waggon - ehaitia kilpa [kilps'J, 
wiUi no <rariatdon of voweL 

Eelter [kel-fn], caee, or con- 
dition. Wh. Gl.; gen. Often 
ahortened to iMlt. Also, as a 
vrrb aetivt, with a aimilar senaft. 
' Ha 'a been none oyer (too) well 
Jtdtered' [Iz* bin' ne'h'n aowh'i 
wee'l kd't'ud], not too well 
tended. And so in the sense of 
being endowed ; both senaea 
being ezsmpled in the Wh. 01., 
but only partidpially ; Mid. 

EeHermenta [kel -foments], sb. 
pi. odds and ends of articlOH, or 
different kinds, of qnoBtionable 
Talue. Wh. 01; g«n. Tha 
singular form is freqnentlv heard, 
too, and is also erajiloyed in tb* 

Eemp rkemp], t. a. to comb; 
gen. The p ■ 
m the Wh. i 

Een [kin-, ken], v. a. and ab. to 
know; to perceive, or under- 
stand ; to sea Wh. Oi. ; gai. In 
the last sense, the word is em- 
ployed auhttatUiviiy. Een ia 
not habituallT in use, but is fro- 
quentlT heard, and comas readSly 
to the lips. 

Eennygood [ken-ignod], some- 
thing to remember. A torm usu- 
ally employed ironically ; Hid. 

Eenspeckle [ken-apeku'I], adj. 
prominent; conroicuons. TJsed 
of things. Wh. ei. ; mi. Ah(o. 

Eep [kep-, kip-], t. a. and sb. to 
catch, or recoivein foiling. Wh. 
01. : gen. Old people uss the 
last pronunciation. 

Eesmas [kesmns] ; or Eiinut 
[kis-mua] ; or Eeauoaa [kea-n- 
mus] ; or Eisamas [kia-nmus] ; 
or Eesanmofl j^kes'unmua] ; or 
Eisanmas [kis'unmus} ; or 
ChreBinas-(kroB'musl; or Chris- 
mas [kris'mus] ; or ChreaamiM 
[kresumua] ; or Ch ri sa mM 



loiB'Timiis] ; w Cliresannias 
^kres'TmmiisI ; w Chrisazunas 
^kris'iminiLB]. These forms of 
Chriitmaa are all heard in Mid- 
YorkjB. Those haying the yowel 
e are general. The old people 
of the first locality inyariaoly 
adopt the % forms, and discard 
the CA for K. This last habit is 
also common with the same class 
in Nidderdaie. The pronuncia- 
tion of this word mignt perhaps 
have been more settled but for 
the co-existing form Yule, which 
is employed generally, too, and 
which many P^ple adhere to 
persistently. The word is also 
an some ufie in Mid-Yorke. as a 
neuter verb — to go a-Christmasing. 

Kessen [kes'u'n], v. a. christen. 
Kessening [kes'u'nin] , sb. chris- 
tening. Wh. OL ; eon. There are 
other forms much neard : [krus*- 
u'nl, generally among ^eakors ; 
and pkruos'u*n], among old 
people. In Mid-Yorks. the old 
people also say [kis'u'n]. [Kros'- 
u'nj is heard, too, generally, as 
a refined form among all classes. 
[Krus-u*n] (above) is a more re- 
fined form. 

Kessen f^kes'u'n], p. part. cast. 
Kessen up [kes'u'n uop*], cast, 
or added up. Wh. GL ; gen. 
There is, also, the active verb 
employed generally ^ with Kes- 
sening-up [kes'u'mn-uop-], for 
the act. part The verbf to cast, 
is to Kest [kest*]. 

Ketter [Kes-t'url, Christopher. 
TFh. 01; Mid. Also [Kis'Vur] 
among old people. 

Kesty [kcs'ti], adj. fastidious, in 
the matter of food ; gen. 

Set [ket'], said of ' carrion ; and 
inferior or tainted meat,' as in 
the Wh, OL, but also applied 
very generally to unsavoury 
mosses, ofPal iood, or anything 
not fit to be eaten. Employed 
greatly in figure, too. AIho ap- 
plied to persons, substantively, 

on slight provocaticm. The 
vowel IS often heard as [il. 
Ketty [kot'i], adj. applied, as in 
the W^h, OLf to anything nau- 
seous, or putrid. The various 
uses are general. 

Kibble [kib'u'l], a miner's bucket; 

Eid|pel [kid'jill, a large quantity; 
Mid. In allusion to a heavy 
load of furniture, a person wiu. 
say, * There 's a bonny kid^el of 
stuff there ' [Dhuy/ u baoni kid*- 
jil u stuof dhi'h'r], a fine load 

Kilk [kilk*], a blow, with the 
fist, or foot ; Mid. The Wh, 01. 
has Kelk, which is only used of 
the fist. 

Kim [kim*], a small particle of 
hair, or filmy substance. The 
fioating particles in the air, seen 
by a ray of sunlight, are so de- 
signated; gen. 

Kin [kin*], kind, or sort; akin. 
JTk 01. ; gon. 

Kin [kin*], an open crack, or 
chap ; gen. The word is applied 
to * a crack or chap in the skin, 
from frost or cold,* as in the Wh. 
Ol.f but is also used in a more 
general manner. A Nidderdaie 
miner will say of a place hard to 
work, that it * has neither crack 
nor kin in it' [ez* ne'h'dhur 
kraak* nur* kin* int*]. The 
phrase is a general one. 

Kincough [kinkofl, the chin, or 
hooping-cough. iFh. Gl. ; gen. 
Called, also, the [king'kof]. In 
both cases, a change of vowel in 
the last word, from [o] to [uo] is 
customary among old people. 

Kink [kingk*], a lit, or convulsive 
state; a neck-twist, from cold. 
Wh, GL ; gon. Also, a r. a. and 
V. n. in the first sense; and a 
V, a. in the last. * He 1\ kivk 
V bairn while (till) he kinks and 
kinks over' [Eel* kingk* t be'h'n 
waa'l i kingks* un* kingks* 



aowh'r], is a characteristic sen- 

Ein'lm [kiniin, kin'u'lin], usu- 
ally applied to chopped sticks or 
fire-wood ; but used also of fire- 
lightingmaterials generally. Wh, 
OL ; gen. to the county. 

Kipper [kip-ur], adj. nimble. 
Wh, OL : gen. 

Kir'by - parsoned [ku*bi - paa*- 
su'nd], adj. ; Mid. ** In several 
rural places about York, it is 
the custom to speak of bottles 
with cavities at the bottom as 
being Kir* by - parsoned. The 
popular explanation is, that this 
Kir'hy - parson was * a hollow- 
bottomed fellow ; ' but the phrase 
will admit of a kindlier construc- 
tion. With the parish which 
must hold some tradition of a 
remarkable character we have 
no acquaintance." The above 
was a communication to Notes 
and QuerieSy some years ago. 
The wiiter has since hoard 
several other versions of the 
story, and attempted explana- 
tions of the above phrase, in 
connection with a village in the 
north-riding, but none of them 
are worth repeating. 

Kirk Pcur'k, kaor'k], church. 
Wh, ul. ; gen. The word com- 
poimds with many others. Kirk- 
garth [kur''k-ge*h'th], church- 
yard. Kirk-maister [kur'*k- 
mch'sfur], for church- warden, 
as often heard from old Mid- 
Yorkshire people; with aumas 
Eao-h*mus], alms ; broach 
bnio'h'chj, steeple; yat [yaat*], 
gate ; and other common words. 
A choir-boy is either a Kirk- 
lad [kur*'k-laad], or a Kirk- 
singer [kur''k - singur] ; a 
church - goer, a Kirk- ganger 
[kur''k-gaangur] : a churching, 
a Kirkmg [kur-'ldn], &c. The 
[ao] is in most use among old 
people. Some of these also em- 
ploy [uo] and [ih*'] ; the first 

casually, the last constantly. 

Kissing-biuh [kis-in-buosh], the 
counterpart of the * mistletoe 
bough,' which is indeed often 
included, or secreted in the 
arrangement of the bush^ con- 
sisting of evergreens, with de- 
corations; Mid. 

Kist [kist], a chest. Wh. 01 ; 
gen. 'There's a hole in my 
kist ' [Dhuz* u waol* i maa' kist']. 
*A kist of drawers' [U kist* u 

Kist [kist'l v. a. occasionally 
used in the sense of to throw; 
Mid. *He's got a stone in his 
hand for you.' * But he daren't 
kist it' [Eez* git'u'n u ste*h'n iv 
iz* aand' f:u dhu. Buod* i 
daa'dunt 'kist* it']. 

Kit [kit*], the framework of a 
miner's sieve ; Nidd. 

;Kite [ka'yt-], stomacL Wh. Gl ; 
gen. Also, a term of reproach. 
* Thou young kite ! ' [Dhoo* 
yuo'ng 'ka'yt* !] 

Kith [kith*], acquaintance. Often 
used of kindred, too, indirectly. 
Wh. 01. ; gen. Old Mid-Yorks. 
people interchange the vowel 
with [uo]. 

Kiting [ka'yt'in], provisions. 
Wh. 01. ; gen. 

Kitling [kit-lin], kitten. Wh. 
01.; gen. 

Kitling - brain Fkitlin-breh'n], 
applied to a weak-headed person ; 
one too easily impressed. Wh, 
01, ; gen. 

Kittle [kit'u'l], v. a. to tickle. 
Wh, 01. ; gen. 

Kittle [kit-u*l], adj. ticklish; 

easily set to action; bent on 

action of any kind. Wh, 01,; 

Kittle [kit'u'l], V. n. to kitten; 

Kittyval [kit'ivaal*], an assembly 
of persons of objectionable cha- 
racter; Mid. 



Znaek fnaak-l t. il to talk ' 

aff 6016017. Wh, GL ; gen. j 

Znade [neh-'d], p. t of knead; . 
geiL see Knodden. j 

Xnap [naap*], sb. and ▼. a. a . 
light dIow ; a slight fracture ; ! 
an impostor, or cunning cheat. '. 
Ifh. GL; gen. | 

Enapper rnaapur], a door- ! 
knocker. Wh. GL; gen. Also, 
AS a r. ». to talk vith pendstent 

Knarl [naa'll, r. a. to knot, or 
entangle. Wh, GL; gen. Also, 

Xnodden [nod'u*n]. p. p. knea<Ied. 
Wfi. GL ; gen. Ku^ad^ the rwfc, 
is pronounced [ni'h'd]. There is 
A reftned form of the pfoi part.^ 
too, Kni&aden [ni'h'du n]. See 

KnoU [naow'l], t. a. and v. n. to 
toll. Wh, GL ; gen. Also, sub-- 

Knot [not*], T. a. and v. n. knit; 
Mid. An irregular form, heard 
from individuaU. 'Thou ma«t 
learn to htwU while there 'a a bit 
of gam about' fl^hoo' mun* 
li'h'n tu not* (also [nuofl), waai 
dhuz' u bit' u ^aa'n (also fge'h'n]) 
uboof (and with final s)\, 

KlOW [nau'], knowledge. Usu* 
ally employed with aome idiom. 
Wh. UL ; Mid. A common is, ' I kuow mv own hnow 
about it, and that^a enough* 
[Aa* naoh'' mi e'h'n nau' uboot' 
it', un' dhaats' uni'h'f], I have 
my own knowledge about it, and 
that ia enough. Before a con- 
sonant, the final element [h'J is 

Knowfol [iiao'f uoll adj. knowing, 
Wh. GL ; Mid. This is the usual 
pronunciation of the compound. 
It has sometimes a short vowel, 
but when this is the case, there 
is a final element [naoh''fuol]. 

Xonny [kaon-i], adj. generally 

oaed is the ae=je c^ lue^t ar.! 
attractiTe. az.i- ia a r:J.-r. f:l- 
li>w>3d or preced-id iv /.::.">. T^.. 
{/I. ; ge:i. 

^k:::::^''. v. a. ai.i =i. :•> 
iL-ozr : Mil. 

Xnrm-cnddle [ka-n-kr^r-iil^ a 
cL-.irL.-5ti5. 1.*, i /:.:ir:.-.:-j^ir^r, 

the Z^JJTJ: of tie T«-sV:l bell^ *!>•> 

applicii I./ :!<» c.-:.iri.*ja: \LL 
TLe W',. '> . h*.« *.':je nin.-e- o:~ - 
poor.-!, wi:2i a di3t:rci^: pr&i.ui.- 
cii * 

[k'ln-. k^i'L*^ : or Chum 

Lajst wor»l is U'-r-L •>:■ ^c;u.i't'u- 
milgk], but not nu.h- " 

Xnm-fQpper [k::r-2i-=-i--»p-ur] ; or 
Cbom-supper ^lIu-i.-, crT-.!!.'-. 
chuoii'-. chriL'-." •■.hi/jit'-. a:*-l) 
chon'-=uop'ur]. C'-urii Ua :i.uih- 
ua^ woH. aL'l uji^i in laar^y 
ways. Th^JuoJ. ^a*.;. ilI "oj forma 
are heard u.-fually tr.^m oM pt«:/p!e. 
The rAMr/»-t»'/'/-=r i* often, for 
Cjnverii^u'.e, :riO>r>>rat*:d u-ith 
the ' m*-'Il->'jpper.' xw. time of 
which ia at t'ae eii 1 ot the whr^it 
harvest. The jrith^iriug ai*d 
f»^>tivities on thi* '>^;«:a.'-ion are 
the most chani'jterlstic of the 
year, and a long time of pre- 
paration Ls necessary. Gener- 
ally, however, the churn-*vpi)er 
marks the end of the b'.-an- 
harvest. when all harvesting is 
done. There is not that uproar- 
ious miith atten«ling the time of 
tlie ^huru-Aupp^r which dis>tin- 
gui>hes t Iiat uf the * inell-supper,* 
nor is it usual to engttge in 
dancing afterwards. Tlie f>cca- 
sion being mr^re for tho enjoy- 
ment of a household, there is a 
tea, to bt*gin with, and as the 
rer^uiremeuts of a farmhouse 
tca-tiible, on any special occa- 
sion, involve a great deal of 
ehurniutj work beftirehand, the 
name of churti'Supper may be 
accounted for in this way. In 
Bome localities, there is a festive 



evening at the end of *eom- 
shearing * time, and this occasion 
is also associated with a churn- 

Knss [kuos], the pronunciation 
of kisSf in all its parts, among 
those who employ broad dia- 
lect ; gen. Mothers, young and 
old, invariably use the word in 
addressing their children. * Gro 
thy ways, and kiaa granny, 
honey* [Gaang* dhi wi'frz, un' 
kuos* graan'i, in'i]. 

Zyd [kid*], a bundle of thoms, 
or * whins ' (furze), used for 
fencing; Mid. 

Kye [kaay], kine. Wh, Gl ; 

Zye-byre [ka'y-ba'yh*], a cow- 
bam, or house. 117*. GL ; gen. 

Eytle [kaaytu*]], a miner's work- 
iug-cout, of coarse linen ; Nidd. 

Labber [laah'u'r], v. a. to dabble 
with the hands, or feet ; to splash. 
Labbered [luab'ud], splashed; 
bemired. Labberment [laab'u- 
mont], a * washing of linen upon 
a small scale, called also a '* slap- 
washing" [slaap'-waeshin].* Wh, 
01. ; gen. The last term is also 
made use of to denote the action 
of splashing. * Give over mak- 
ing such labberment * [Gi aowh'r 
maakin sa'y^:' laab'ument]. 

Laboursome [le'h'busum], adj. 
laborious. Wh. Ql. ; gon. Also 
labourous [le'h'burus] ; Mid. 

Lace fli'h'a], v. a. to use extra- 
vagantly ; gon. * Thou 's lac^d 
Homo honey into that tea of 
thine, niy lad' [Dhooz* li'h'st 
suom* uon'i intu dhaat' 'ti' u 
dhaa'n, mail laad']. 

Lacer [lili'sur], applied to any 
objoct unuriually large. Wh. 
UL ; gen. 

Lacing - mob [li'h'sin - maob], a 
niob-c'iii), the material of which 
is I'lce. Wh. UL; gon. 

Ladlonper [laad'laowpurl, applied 
to a forward, giddy girL WK 
QL; gen. 

Lafter [laaf't^ur], a term for a 
fowl's produce of eggs; gen« 
•That's the old hen's lafter 
[Dhaats* t ao'h'd enz* laaf't'ur]. 

Lag [laag*], a hoop; Mid. 

Lahtle flaat'ul] ; or Litle 
[laayt'uT], a^j. and sb. little; 

Lai'k pehTc, i:i-h*k], v. n. and 
v. a. to play. Lai'ldnsfTehldns], 
])laythings. Lai'kin - brass 
le'ti'kin-braas], pocket-money. 
^Vh, 01. ; gen. The first pro- 
nunciation of lai'k is the usual 

LMr pe-h'r]; or L6ar [lii'h'r], 
bam; gen. The first is the 
refined form. 

Lai*t [leh't], v. a. to seek, or 
search. Wh. 01, ; gen. 

Lalack [lehluk, Uh'lukl, the 
lark ; gen. * Skj-la'lack ' [skaa*- 
le*'h'luk]. See Laverock, of 
which word this is perhaps a cor- 

Lalder [laald'ur] ; or Lolder 
[lol'd'ur], V. n. explained in 
the Wh. OL, *to sing ranting 
psalmody,' with a reference to 
* Lollardism.' From the use of 
the word in other parts (and it 
is general to the county), this 
speciid meaning is not quite ap- 
parent. The first form is tne 
usual one, and is applied to any 
singing noise whatever, as to a 
meaningless lullaby ; (compare 
our verb to lull.) It would be 
difficult to suit an action with 
a better word on occasions, 
Lalling {Wh. 01.) is also a 
general term, used with quite a 
similar meaning. The verb, to 
lall, claims an equal recognitiOD, 

Lalder [laal'd'ur], v. n. to lounge 
idly ; pros. part. Wh. GL ; qq\u 



lanee [laans*], v. a. 'Come, 
yoa'ye more brass (money) than 
me— lance out ! ' [Suom*, yeev 
me'h'r braas* nn* *maey* — ^laans* 
oot'], turn it out; Mia, Hence 
also launch [laansb*], with the 
addition of final h. 

Lander naan'd'uTl, v. n. to be 
carelessly idle ; Mid. 'Where's 
f goodman, dameP' 'None 
knows I — ^t* day-work's done, 
and he'll be landering again 
(against) some o' t' gates ' PP^'h'z 
t giw'dmaan*, di'h'm? Ne'h'n 
nao'h'z Aa* — t di*h' - waa'ks 
di'h'n, un* il* bi laan'd'u'rin 
ngi'h'n 'suom* u t yaats*]. 
*None knows I' is an idiom 
confined to conversation which 
in a strain of mock-indifference. 
Otherwise, the likely phrase 
would be, 'Nay, I knawn't' 
[Ne*, Aa* nao'h'nt]. 

Lands [laandz'j, sb. pL the divi- 
BLons of ground between furrow 
and fuirrow, in a field ploughed 
at long distances, for drainage 
purposes; gen. 

Langcaimy [laang'kaani], a point 
of exhaustion; the far end of 
anything. Wh, 01. ; gen. * They 
are at langcanny now ; they can 
set no £Burther ; one of them will 
nave to pull in' [Dhur* ut. 
laang'kaani noo* ; dhe ku'n* git* 
nu £EUi'd'ur ; "yaan* on* um* ul e 
tu pool in*], one of them will 
have to pull in, or submit. 

Lanffhiindred [laang'uo*ndhud], 
a hundred of six-score, as eggs 
are usually reckoned. Wh, 01, ; 
sen. A langdozen [loaDg*- 
duoz'u'n] of the same count 

Langlength [laang'lenth*, (and) 
linth'], long or full-length. Wh, 
01.; gen. 

Lang-pound riaang'-puond*], or 
long - roll [laang* - raowlj, is 
applied to a roll of butter weigh- 
ing twenty-two ounces; the 

usual sixteen beins; associated 
witii a short-roll [^u*t-raow*l]. 
Wh. 01, ; gen. 

Lang sen [laang* sen*], long since. 
Wi. 01, ; gen. Lang sin 
[laang* sin*] is in more use ; but 
the first form is most adhered 
to when both parts are accented. 

Lang - settle [laang* - setu'l], a 
long-settle, or lon^ seat, with a 
high, boarded ba^, and arms, 
made to hold several persons. 
Its proper place is the ' neukin,' 
or chimney-comer, of an old- 
fashioned nre-place, but it is to 
be found elsewhere about a house. 
A parlour lang^ettle is often seen 
cushioned and padded, and takes 
the place of the modem sofa. 
The movable backed seats of 
public-house accommodation go 
oy this name — lang-, or long^ 
settle, everywhere in die county. 
Wh, 01, ; gen. 

Langsome [laang-sumLadj. long- 
some, t. e, tedious. Wn, 01. ; gen. 

Langstr^ak'd [laang'st'r:ih'kt], 
adj. laid at full len^h, or at ' long^ 
stretch ' [laang'fit'nch] ; Nidd. 

Lan^-tongned [laang* - tuongd], 
adj. * given to tale-bearing, ovor- 
taikativo.' Wh. 01, ; gen. Its 
substantive form is common. 
[Gaan* ugi'h'tudz, loang'-tuong !] 
* Go agatords (your ways), long- 
tonguo ! ' 

Lankle-yed [laa*nku'l-yed*], a 
wooden ladle, having a long 
handle and a large bowl ; Mid. 

Lapcock [laap'kokl. Hay is in 
lapcock over a field when in 
small heaps ; gon. 

Larl [laa-1] ; ar LUe [la'yl], little. 
ThcBO, and the other varying 
forms of this adjective [see 
Lahtle, litle], are often heard 
in association, and, at times, 
serve to make a designation 
more clear. * It was none of 
that ; it was the 7aW-little one ' 
[It* waa noh'n u 'dhoat* ; it* waa 



t 'laa-l-laa"tfiil u'n'], not that 
one, but the lea^ little one, 
Ibaaa laet words may be ueed in 
ordinary e;fe6ch, but the com- 
moiieTfoTmi^ leatl one — obviously 
not of a precise character, as 
these words might equally refer 
to persons or objects of large 
size, as to those of little size, 
merely having tho relative sig- 
nifiuttioa of the leait onr of two. 
Larl is geaerally heard, but is 
much more common to Mid- 
Yorkshire thsji Nidderdole, where 
{i7« is the obtaining form, though, 
strictly, this is a refined pronun- 
ciation, in use over well-nigh all 
the rural part of the county. 
LiU-larl [la'yl-laa'l (and) laa"lj 
is a Niddiirdiile expresaiouto de- 
note anything exceedingly little. 

Lash [laash'l, v. a. io re-infuse ; 
gen. ' Put a sup more water in 
me tea-pot, and don't ovoiliuh 
it ' [Puot' u Buop' muo'b' waat-'ur 
i t ti-h'-pot", uiv' din-ut aowh'r- 
laaeh* it'], don't make it (the 
t«a) too weak. Laahing^s 
[laash'inz] are the weakeet re- 
mainder of any infusion. 

Lasll [laash'J, v. a. to comb out ; 
to go OTer ground with a brush 
lightly, BO as to remove one sub- 
stance without interfering with 
a lower deposit ; gen. Lash thut 
straw up, and let t' caff (chaff) 
bide ' (remain) [Ijaash* dhaat' 
Btri" uop', un' lit' t kaaf* baa'd]. 
ZtiiA-comb [laash'-ko"h'in (una) 
ki'h'm], a hair-comb. 

Xasty [laaa'Lil, adj. lasting, or 
durable. B'A. 01. ; gen, 

Lannd [laoh''nd], ab. and adj. 
lawn ; Mid. 

I*a [ti-h']. a ecytbe. Till. Gl. ; 

LOaf [li-h'f], tho inward fat be- 

loiigidg to a pig. IIVi. Gl. ; gen. 
Li'amnih'mJ.v. a.andv. u. To 

fumiah the spinning-wheel with 
the i«w material is to Uam it. 
Wh. 01. ; gen. 

I<6amer [li h'm-u], a large filbert 
nut. Wh.Ql.; gon. Called also 
a Warning [li-h'min]; Mid. 

lea-sand [lib'saami], scythfr- 
sand ; used on tho ' strickle,' in 
sharpening the implement. Wh. 
01.; gen. 

Llase [li-h's, li-h'iO, v. a. and v. a. 
to nd grain of parasitic and 
foreign growths, previous to 
t.TirBBhing Wh. 01. ; gen. 

L6ath [li-h'dh]; or L^tW 
[Uh'dhur], adv. toon, and tooner, 
respectively ; gen. There are 
also (but less common in use] 
Lfiaire [lih'v], Liere neevj 
Leaver riih'vur], Liever 
pee-vur], the first two poeitiv* 
and the last two comparativ* 
forms. The positive foims have 
frequently » added. ' I 'd as Uath* 
have that,' 'But I'd leather 
have t* other' ['Aa'd uz' li'h'dla 
e ■dhaat'. Bud- -Aa'd li-h'dhu/ 
ae t 'uod-'ur]. The superlative 
is formed by the addition of at, 
to all tho forms ; the compara- 
tivee being augmented in this 
way, too. The final Towehi ars 

Icathe [li'h'dh], v. a. la relax, 

or make flexible. Wh. 01. ; Mid. 

Also employed as an adjeclivt. 
Leatherlapi [Icdh'tilaaps], nan- 

ally apiJied to a forgetful person; 

gen. The [e] interchangea with 

L^athwako [lib'dh-we-h'k], adj. 
flexible. This word, noted in 
the Wh. 01. OS restricted in ap- 
plication to a oorpse, is variously 
employed in Mid-Yorks. A 
person will say of a stiff pair of 
guitere, ' I must work them 
while (till) they are Ualhwak*' 
[Aa" niun" waa'k urn' wsid' 
dhur- U-h'dh-we'-h-kl. And so 
of a stiff limb, 'Itll get Uath- 



toake wi' working' [It'ul git* 
li'h'dh-we"h*k wi wau'kin]. 01 
A.S. Metv€Kf pliant, from lOs^ a 

Leave. See Lvath, 

LSayelang [lih'vlaang], adj. 
oblong. }Mi. QL ; gon. 

Leayet [li-h'vz], sb. pi. leavings ; 

Leckon [luk-un], v. n. to pour; 
gen. ' Leckon on ' [lok'un oon'], 
pour on! 

Lesty day ! [les-ti dcli' !] intcrj. 
a phrase of commLicration, 
haying its equivalent in *^Vlus! 
the day ! ' IfVi. (//. ; Miil. 

Letten riet'u*n, litu'n], iKist part 
let Wh, Gl, ; gcu. 

Levailt [livaant*], v. a. to ' lever 
up,' or raise by leverage when 
the fidenun is botwuon the weight 
and thti power, as in diHplaeing 
a block of stone with a bar ; Mid. 
• Now then, go to tlio hinder-end 
with a stackbar, and if thou can 
nobbut levant it the boogth of a 
nail, we shall manage, it is likol}' ' 
pfoo dhin*, gaan* ti t* iu'd'ur- 
md* wiv u staak'baa'r, xiw if* 
dhuo kun* naob'ut livaant' it* t 
buogdh* uv* u ni'h'l, wi su*l' 
maan'ish its* laa*klinz], if you 
can only raise it a nail's-breadth, 

LeTTlt [levit], V. a. to raise, with 
aid aiudliary to that of coiuiaon 
force; or, by leverage. "VNlien, 
e. g., a weighty bundle, or conled 
box, is just raiiM)d, and move<l 
forward with the knees, it is 
levitted. The past part, is ex- 
ampled in the W'h, Of,; Mid. 

Lick-fbr-leaiher [lik'-fu-Iedh-u], 

one is going lick-fur-lcather when 
at fiill speed ; >^idd. 

Licks [liks*], used for a beatiii^% 
and implying deRert; but this 
formation of the Hubstantivo by 
the addition of s to the verb is a 
noticeable featuni in most (if the 

Yorkshire varieties. JTIi, 01, ; 

Lie [leo'], a dark natural speck 
on a tooth ; gen. 

Lieve. See Leath. 

Lig [lig], v. n. and v. a. to lie, 
or lay. Wh, 01, ; gen. Tho 
past particij)lo of the iu;uter verb 
IS often hoard as lain [li'h'n, 
le-h'n (ref.)], and that of tho 
active verb as laid [lih'd, lo'h'd 
(ref.)], but thest) distinctions aro 
not really recognised; and fre- 
quently ligged [lig«l*] is sub- 
stitute<l for both. Liggen is 
employed, too, u.sually before a 
j)ronoun followed bv a ])rej)o- 
sition, or an adverb. Ihis is 
esi)ecially tlie case when these 
parts end a sentence. * How 
have you laid it!"' (or *him,* 

* her,* or * those ' ?) [Oo*z tu 
lig-u'n it, im*. aor*', dhim*]. 
' 1 have laid it downi, on ono 
side ' (sideways) [Aa'v lig'u'n t 
doo"n, u yaa* saa'il]. Lig is 
used in tho sense of to bet, or 
wager, and is sometimes, in easy 
talk, heai*d as a siihstantu'e, 

* He *8 got a fit/ on it ' [Iz* gitu'n 
u lig* on* t], lias got a bet on it. 

Lig-abed [lij^'-ulx*.!], lay-in-bed, 
applied to a late riser. Wh, 01, ; 

Light fleet], v. n. to alij^dit ; pret. 
let [let*]. Also ust-d with on 
following, with tlie varied but 
alli< il moaning of, to 8uce<*od : to 
fare well, or ill. ( • I le 's lett<*n on 
badly ' [Eez* let'u'n on* ]>aad-li].) 
When Imvc or Uha is joined to ti 
pronoun, in coiincH-tion with 
either of these fonns, the par- 
tirijde takes m, iJut in tlie ease 
of the first form, this is ijuite a 
pennissililo fen tun », and, in tho 
last, is v«fry rarely omitted. Tho 
Wh. 07. not«<s th»'se various 
fonns, adopting light [la'yt* 
(ref*)] for the spi'Uing of the 
verb, which is much us(»d east 
and noilli - oast (pp. [lit*u'n, 



let'n'n]), but the tme dialect 
form, constantly heard in north, 
mid., and soutn Yorkshire, has 
[ee] for the voweL 

Lightening [leetnin]. Any in- 
gredient for raising dough goes 
By this name. VHi. 01, ; Mid. 
Tne more used and general term 
is rising [raa*zin, raayz'in]. 

Lightsome [leet'sum], adj. 'lively, 
n'olicsome.' Wh, UL ; gen. 

Like paa-k, la'yk-, leyk], adv. 
likelv. Wh. GL ; gen. The 
two last pronunciations are re- 
fined. This word undergoes 
many chan^. Like, adj. has 
its comparative in liker [laa*kur], 
and its superlative in likest 
[laa'kist]. It has also its posi- 
tive in a less degree, liidsh 
[laa'kish]. The same with re- 
gard to likely [laa-kli], when an 
adjective, whicn is absolute in a 
less degree in likelyish [laa'k- 
lish], meaning a little, or some- 
what likely. The positive of this 
word is also formed by the addi- 
tion of 9 — ^likelys ; coTnp. like- 
lyaer[laa'klizurj, liker [laa'kur]; 
iuper, likelysest [laa'kliziztj, 
likerest [laa*kurizt], likest 
[laa'kizt]. *I shall be like to 
go ' [Aa* su*l bi laa'k tu gaang']. 
Here, the word has the meamng 
of neceesitated ; implying a soft 
resolve, and hardly having its 
e<quivalent in any standard Eng- 
lish form. It has also the mean- 
ing of alike, * They were like as 
two twins' [Dhe waa laa*k uz* 
twi'h' twinz']. The word also 
joins itself to several prepositions 
idiomaticallv. * There 's nothing 
like to it * [JDhih'z naowt* laa'k 
tiv t]. * I am like for to go ' [Aa'z 
laa'k fu tu ^aang*], must of neces- 
sity go (with the implied meaning 
remarked on above). * He would 
not go like through that' [Ee 
waad'u'nt gaang* laa'k thruof* 
dhaat'], like from that ; because 
of that ; or, for that reason. * I 
never saw the like on it' [Aa* 

ni'h'r Bee*d t Iaa*k on* t], of it; 
never saw its like. Here « is 
added to the substantive, with 
great fre<}uency. The same pre- 
position IS also employed with 
increased idiom. 'Me seemed 
to like on it ' HEe si'h'md tu laa'k 
on* t], seemea to like ii The a, 
as a rule, follows when &y occurs 
idiomatically. * I never saw the 
likea by him' [Aa* nivu see'd 
t laa'ks biv* im*], never saw his 
like; or, anything to compare 
with him. Like, also, at times, 
precedes prepositions, in a sense- 
less, sui)erfluous way enough to 
the eye, but, in connection with 
the tone usual to this peculiar 
position, reducing their abrupt- 
ness. * They are like against 
one another, as it is' ^hur 
laa'k ugi'h'n yaan* imidh'u, uz* 
it* :iz], are as those who are 
against, or have a pique against 
each other, as it were. This 
usage is, however, but slight 
compared with its position at the 
end of a sentence, as an exple- 
tive. *It w'as there, like ' [It* 
waa dhi'h', laa'k]. * Happen, 
like* [Aap'u'n, laa'k], perhaps 
so. And in a multitude of sen- 
tences ; the word being always on 
the tongue. Like is sLk) used im- 
personally, with B added. * If it 
tikes them to do it, why, let them 
do it ' [If' it* 'laa'ks um' tu di'h't, 
wraa'yu -lit' um* di'h't]. The 
addition is also usual to likeli^ 
hood [laa'kli:uodz], but this sub- 
stantive has a much more used 
equivalent in likliness [laa'kH- 
Likes [laa'ks], v. a. to like (but 
not used in IJie infinitive) ; gen. 
The $ is added by custom, to 
many common verbs, as dare 
[daa'z], know rnaoh*'z], love 
fluovz'], think [thing'ks], do 
[diz'], feel [fih*'lz], $ay [aih*'z*], 
and very many more in the 
present tense of the indicative. 
rThis final « is really the old 
Northumbrian inflexion, stUl re- 



tained in the oommoner yerba, aa 
being the oldest and most im- 
portant. See MorriSi Hist. Out- 
hnea of Ihig. Accidence, pp. 41 
_44.-JW. W. 8.] 

Idllylow riil*il:aow, l:aoh', lac*], 
'the child's designation of the 
fire, or a light in general.' Wh, 
01, ; gen. The last termination 
is the refined. See Low. [Lilly- 
low ^ a little blaze. It is merely 
low with the Danish lille, little, 
prefixed. The Danish would be 
en liUe lue. This is my con- 
jecture.— W. W. 8.] 

Uni'er [limmr^, the shaft of a 
vehicle -—a Lmber. Wh, QL; 

Umber [lim'bnr, lim*urj, adj. 
flexible, pliant. Applied to 
matmal. Wh. 01.; gen. 

Ump riinip'], a miner's hand- 
ahoyel, for separating tho ore 
and dirt while in the sieye ; Nidd. 

Lin [lin'], sb. and adj. linen ; gen. 
*A Kn apron 'fU lin* aap*run]. 
•AWncap'[IIlin-kaap-l. There 
is no distmction of form oetwoen 
the adjective and substantive, \_Lin 
was formerly \he substantive only, 
and is preserved in lin-seed, — 
W. W. 8.] 

Ling [ling*], moor-heath. Wh, 
01.; gen. 

Ling ping'], the name of a large 
sea-nsh. Wh, GL ; gen. 

Ling-nail [ling*.ne"h'll ; or Lin- 
naU (Tin- - ne-hl] (Wh. OL), 
linch-pin; gen. 

pin'ji], adj. strong; active; 


Lit-an*-lat [lit'-nn-Iaat*], v. n. to 
skulk about, with a questionable 
purpose; to idle away time. 
' There was somebody litting ayC 
lotting about our houso-eud at 
the fore of the evening — ^was it 
theNsP' [Dhih*' wu suo'mbudi 
lit*in un' laat'in uboot* oor* oo's- 
ind' ut t fiwr* ut* een — waar* it- 

•dhoo- ?] . * What 's thou liUing 
an* Jutting at there ? — got to thy 
work ! * [Waats* 'dhoo* lit'in im* 
laat'in aat* dhih'*? — git* ti dhi 
waa'k!]. To native ears, the 
last word is usually associated 
with late [le'h*t], to seek; and 
the first is taken as meaning to 
pry, or listen. 

Lith [lidh*], muscle, or sinew. 
Wh, GL ; Mid. 

Lithe paa'dh, laaydh*], v. a. and 
V. n. The Wh. QL has, "to 
thicken broth with oatmeal- 
paste, called the * lithing* " 
The word is in general use, 
and is employed when any kind 
of liquid (milk, gruel, &c.) is, 
while simmering over the fire, 
made thick wim meal of any 

Liwer [livu], v. a. to deliver. 
A much-used form. * Livvering 
out * [liv'u'rin oot*], serving out. 
* To liwer up ' [Tu livu'r nop*], 
to surrender. Liwerance [livu*r- 
ims], deliverance, or release. 
Wh. 01. ; gen. Tho word is, 
however, not used in all the 
senses belonging to its equivalent. 
It would not be used in the sense 
of to rescue. 

L6ad-saddle puoh-'d-, le'h'd- 
saadu'l], a wooden pack-saddle. 
Wh. GL; ^n. The last pro- 
nimciation is favoured by old 
people, and the long vowel is 

Lobby [lobil. A room of any kind 
is thus alluded to, familiarly; 

Lobster-loTLBe flob-sVu-loo-s], a 
wood-louse. Wh. GL ; Mid. 

Lode-tree peh'd-t'ree- (and) t'ri], 
the two cross bearers which form 
part of cart-shelvings ; gen. 

Lof [laof*], adj. In Nidderdale, 
occasionally heard for low, as is 
lofifer [laorur], for lower. 

Lof -hole [laof*-uo"hU], a small 
natural opening ; Nidd. 


Loggis [log-in], a bundle of long 
etraw; Mid. 

IiOUopa [lol-ups] ; or LallopB 
[laai-ups], an idle, unwipldy 
girL Wh. 01. ,* gon. Lollop 
ia 111 u^ as a nettle verh, Lal- 
lopjr (Ifft. Gl.) [laalupi^, adj. ia 
also in use ; as are o^joctives with 
their usual ending. 

Xongcatcher [laang'kantchur], 
applied to tt pereon too easilj- 
frightened ; Mid. ' Thou great 
langcatchiiig buzzard ! ' [*Dhoo" 
■prh't-Iaang'kaatchin 'buozudl] 
A figure obviously taken from 
those games in wmch a weighty 
ball plays a part. 

Loning [laon'in, lon-in, luok'nin], 
lane; gen. The two first are 
the re£mcd pronunciations, but 
much used. This Bubstantive 
takes a variety of forma. Thus : 
[Luoh' 'n. luo'h'n] are heard over 
a very wide N. and N.E. area. 
[Iiaun] is the market - town 
form, north and east. [IiU-Il'iiI 
estrotna north, refined. [Li'h'n] 
the broad form of the north- 
riding. [Laon, Lion-, Ion'] 
Mid-Yorkshij-e. [Luon] over 
the same area. [Iiaonin, lon-- 
in] over the same, and north- 
wards. [I^an'l an intermediate 
form, heard about Bichmond. 
The town forms of ' Uine ' are 
cliiefly : [Lao-yn, laoyn'] Leeds 
and Bradford districts, &c ; and 

g^i-n] Ilalifax and Dewsbury 
stricts, &e., with an usual 
chance of vowel to fe"! under 
cortuii) coiiditions. This form 
[len] becomes the refined one, 
too, in the lost districts. But 
the ninro common refined one, 
ceneml, too, to town and countrj', 
IS [IfO-h's]. This is heard, too, 
at UcwHbuiy, where the dialect 
is in mixed charHcter. 
XiOp [lop], a flea. Wk. Gl. ; gen. 

loppard [lop-udl, adj. The Wi. 
Ot. has " flea-bitten," and this 
may, in Uid-Yorks. and else* 
where (the word is general to 
the county), be the true mean- 
ing, but it is rarely, if ever, the 
direct one. It is used of any 
filthy person or object, vaguely. 
When the kind of attack indi- 
cated is apparent, and calls for 
remark, loppard is not used, but 
' lop-bitten ' [lop'-bitu'n]. 

Loppet'd [lop'ud], adj. curdled. 
Wk. Ot. ; Mid. Also a v. ft. 

Lore [le-h'r (refined), li-b'r], 
learning. Wh. Gl. ; Mid. 

Lost [lost-, luost-], adj. The 



phrases; "They 'r 
[Dheh-' lost- i muok"] ; " We're ' 
lost i' thrang" (throng) [Wi'h' 
lost' i tfraaug'] ; explaining the 
first by " infested ; " and the last 
by '"over head and ears' in 
bueinesa." But, in each case, 
the word seems employed figur- 
atively, in the sense of hid, and 
is so heard in other parts of the 

Lonk [laowk-, look'], v. a. and 
sb. to weed. This term ia most 
usual in relation to field-labour. 
It i.^, however, much more used 
as a verb than dock and docken 
(which »a). See, also, Wick, 

Lotmd paownd', loond], adj. used 
of the weatiier when, with a 
touch ot wannth, it is bright, 
and almost breezeless. Wh. Gl. ; 
gen. The refined form [luwnd] 
IS niuch heard. [The Icel. lygn, 
Swed, lugn, Dan, hum, signify- 
ing calm, are chiefly used of 
wmda and waves. — W. W, 8,] 

'Lonnder [laownd'ur, loond'ur], 
V. a. to beat. irA. 01. ; gen. 
The refined form of this word 
[luw-nd'ur] is even more used. 

Loup [laowp], V. n., t, a., and 
sb. to leap. Wh. Ot, ; gen. 



Low [laow], a flame. WIi, CR. ; 
g^n. Also, as a verb impera.i for 
the noise made by a flame. See 

Lowse riaows'], adj. and sb. loose. 
The Wh. 01. has * loose in all 
senses.* The verb is distinctly 
marked, however, throughout the 
county, by a change of the final 
consonant [laowz-J. A refined 
form [laoh*'z] is also greatly 
used. As a subatantive lowse 
is heard in such a sentence as, 
* He is going on the loose again ' 
[Eez' gaain ut' laows* ugi'h'n], 
perhaps a slang term. Lowse 
at Heft [laows* ut eft'], a scape- 
gnice. Wh. 01.; gen. Also, 

LowBing [laow'ziug], a loose 
fellow; gen. 

Lowter [laowt-*ur], v. n. to idle ; 
Mid. *To go and loivte.r thy 
time away for three clock hours 
— woe worth t* skin o' theo ! ' 
[Tu gaan' un' luowt*'ur dhi 
taa'm uwi'h' fur* 'thraey 'tlok* 
uo'h'z — 'we'h* 'Woth* t 'skin* ao 

Lowze paow//], loose, in the Bcnse 
of a disclosure, or revelation. 
•What a hwze!' [Waaf u 
laowz']. Wh. 01.; Mid. 

Lowze [laowz*], a sudden lunging 
blow. Wh. 01. ; Mid. Also, as 
a verb active. 

Lowzening [laowz'nin], a trade-, 
or similar feast. ^Vlso, in the 
sense of dispersion. Wh, 01. ; 

Lowze ont [laowz* (rcf. [laolr'z]) 
oot'], V. a. to unloose, or open 
out in any way; to disband, or 
disperse; as when the * church 
lowzea ' [chaoch' laowz"iz]or * loirz- 
f n< ' riaowz-u'nz]. The ]Vh. 01. 
supplies an apt illustration in, 
** * It *8 time to get lowzened out ' 
[Its' taa'm tu git' laowz'u*nd 
oot'], time to get the shop 
opened ; " gen. 

Lnfe [liwf*], the open hand, 
ir^. GL ; gen. 

Lug [luog*], the ear; gen. to tho 
county. Wh. 01. It is very 
common as a ver6, too. *He 
was bown to lug me ' [Ee* wur* 
boo'n tu luog' mu], going to 
pull my ear. ' Mother, take the 
Daim's hands away -, it 's lugging 
of me * [Muod''ur, taak' t 
be'h'nz aanz* uwi'h' ; itz' luog'in 
ao mu]. As a noun, lug is ap- 

Elied to any ear-shaped kind of 
andle. The head of a shep- 
herd's crook is called a lug. 
* Thick i' f lug,' hard of under- 

Lult [luolt*], V. n. to idle ; Mid. 

Lnm [liiom'], a chimney; Mid. 
Also, a lode ; Nidd. 

luin'erly [luom-uli], adj. 'awk- 
ward, cumbrous.* Wh. Gl. ; gen. 

Lnther [luodh'ur] ; or Lother 
[lodh'ur], V. impora. to set^the, 
and aubatantively, for a seething 
state; gen. 

Mad [maad-], an earthworm ; Mid. 

Mad [maad'], adj. angry ; gen. to 
tho county. This is also an 
'Americanism.' In one of Mr 
Boochcr's sermons, he begins a 
tale about himself in the follow- 
ing wonls: *I remember being 
very mad once when I was a 
boy,* employing the term merely 
in the sense of being angry. 

Maddle [maad'u*l], v. a. to be- 
wilder. ' I was so maddhd I 
could hardly bide' [Aa* wur' 
so-h* 'maad'u'ld Aa' kud* aa'dli 
baa-d]. * My head aches, and 
feols fair (quite) maddhd * [Maa* 
j-ih'd waa-ks, un- fee'ls fe'h*r 

Madge [mriaj*], applied to one 
who is the clown or buffoon of a 
party, but chiefly heard of the 
person in this character who ac- 
companies the * plough-stots,* on 



Twelfth-day, as in Wli. 01, ; gen. 

Maffle [maafu'l] ; or Maft 
[maaffcj, v. a. to stifle one's-solf ; 

Mai*n [me-h'nl, a spell, or turn at 
labour; Mid. *I've had hard 
ma{n to get my dinner down to- 
day' [Aa'v ed* aa'd me'h'n tu 
git* mi din'u doo'n tu-di'h*]. * I 
generally have a bit of a mai^n at 
the newspaperwhen I go to York' 
[Aa* jen'u'u ey u bit* u u me'h'n 
ut m'hzpe"h'pu wen* Aa* gaanz* 
tu -Yur-^, (also) Yu'k]. * There 
are such ma'Ciu between them' 
[Dhuz* *sa'yk me'h'nz utwi'h'n 
um*]. The 8 lb also usual in the 
singular form. 

Mains [me'h'nz], employed as a 
noun'Odjective ; Mid. ' The place 
was mains full' [T* pli'h's wur* 
me'h'nz fuo'l], in great part full. 
'T* mains of a hundred' FT 
me'h'nz u u uo'h'ndhud], the 
most of a hundred. 

Mainswear [me'h'nsw:ihj, v. a. 
and V. n. to forswear. Wh, Gl.; 
Mid. [A.S. mdn-sweriant to 
forswear ; from mdn, evil. — 
W. W. S.] 

. Maistlings [me-h'stlinz], adv. 
mostly. Wh, 01, ; gen. Another 
usual form merely acquires « 
with the adverb proper. 

Mak [maak*], make, shape, kind 
or variety. * All maks an' man- 
ders' [Yaal* maaks* u'n maan*- 
d'uz], all makes and manners. 
Wh. Ol,; gen. The verb has 
the same pronunciation. The 
following announcement of a 
Bazaar which was to be held at 
Staithes, on the north-east coast, 
some years ago, is attributed to 
the old bell-woman there re- 
sident: *This is to gi'e nuatice, 
'at therms a Buzoon at t' Banter 
Ohapel; bairns' frocks, slips an' 
Barks, jack-asses an' gingerbread, 
an' a'll maks an' manders ' [Dhis* 
iz* tu gi nuo'h'tis ut* dhuz' u 
BuBCM'n ut* Baan'fu Chaap*il; 

be'h'nz fraoks* sleps* un* saa'ks 
jaak'aasiz un" jin'jubri"h'd, uii' 
uo'h'l maaks* un* maand'iiz]. 
By 'jack-asses,' toy animals of 
the species is referred to. 

Make [me'h'k], mate, or com- 
panion; gen. [A.S. macay a 
mate, match. — ^W. W. S.] 

Mak'ing rmaak*in], makeshift; 
Mid. * There's httle to dinner 
to-day ; it 's nought but a mak*- 
ing* [Dhuz* laa'l tu din*u tu 
di'h' ; its* naob'ut u *maak*in]. 

Makings [maak*inz], has a more 
reflned equivalent in matters, 
as used in dialect speech. * There 
are no makings of it left ' [phih**z 
ne*h' maak'inz u it* lif*t], there 
are no matters of it, or any- 
thing of consequence, left. * No 
makings; let us go' [Ne'h' 
maak'inz ; lits* gaang*], no 
matter ; let us go. 

Mak sharp ! [maak* 8haa*p ! (and) 
sheh'p !] inteij. make sharp, t. «. 
makenaate. H^. ^/. ;gen. The 
form is also in common use as a 
verb neuter, * If thou maks sharp 
thou 11 get it; and if thou doesn't 
thou won't' [K* dhoo maaker 
shaa'p dhuol* git* it* ; un* if 
dhoo diz*u'nt dhoo win*ut]. 

Mak-shift [maak-shift], an ex- 
cuse. Wh, 01. ; gen. 

Mally [Maal'i], Martha ; gen. 

Mancatcher rmaan*kaachur], a 
constable ; mid. Old people use 
this word. 

Mang [maang*]; v. impers. to mix; 
and substantively t for a rou^ 
mixture, or mash; Mid. 'It 
mange well ' [It maan^* wee'l]. 
As a subatantive, apphed to 'a 
mash of bran, malt,' &a, the 
word occurs in the ffA, OL 

Marl [maai], sb. and v. imp. 
sleet; gen. 

Marrish [maar*ish], a marsh. 
JVh. 01, ; Mid. 

Marrjw [maar*u], v. a., v. n., 



and sb. matcli. Wh. GL; gen. 
But a much more used woi*d 
tlian its equivalent. * They are 
marrowB in bone-idlenees ' [Dhur 
maaruz i beli*'n-aa'du'lnu8], arc 
equals in being thoroughly idle. 
* Marrows weu met' [Maar-uz 
wee'l met'], equals, or fellows 
well met. 

Harry ! [maar'i !] a common t<;nn 
of asseveration, always on the 
lips. * Ave, marry ! * [Aey 
maar'i], 'Nay, marry!' [Nin*' 
maar*i], • Marry ^ bairn ! ' [Muari, 
be'h'n], * Marry, me I ' f Maar'i, 
mee* (and) m:e-y]. Wh, OL ; gen. 

Ibfk [maask*], v. a. to mash, or 
infuse; Mid. 

Kailf [mao'h'f], the usual designa- 
tion of a companion or an asso- 
ciate. IVh. GL ; Mid. 

■anil [mao'h'lz], the horb marsh- 
mallows; gen. 

Kanm [maoh''m], adj. said of 
fruit in an over-dry* ill-flavourod 
state. WK GL; gen. 

Kaand [mao'h*nd], a large open 
hand-bai^crt Wh. GL ; Mid. 

If aniiider [mao'h'nd'ur], v. n. used 
in tiie various senses of to mur- 
mur, to mutter, or to gnunblo 
in a low tone. Wh, GL (parti- 
ciple) ; gen. See Meander. 

Mannge [mao'h'nj], untoward, 
confused accident; Mid. (Tlie) 
' table fell over, with the broak- 
fiut things on, that had never 
been sided (put away) yet, and 
made such a maunge as never * 
nX-h'bu'l fel' aowh'r, wiv t 
orik'QS thingz* aon', ut' ed* 
ni'h'r bin* saa'did yit*, un* 
mi'h'd saa'k u mao'h'nj uz* 

Kaimiel [mao'h'nsil], a dirty or 
slatternly fat woman usually 
gets this name. Wh. GL ; gen. 

Kaw [mao'li'], the stomach ; Mid. 

Mawk [mao*h*k], mag<;ot ; gen. 
to the county. Wh. GL Called 

also maddock [maad'uk] ; Mid. 
See Mad. 

Mawky [ma(»lr'ki], adj. jx^evish 
and discontontetf; also whim- 
sical, as iji the Wh. GL ; gen. 

Meal [mi'h'l], flour; geu. AVhen 
flour is a spoken word (not often 
on the pai-t of old i)eople), it is 
[floo'h']. Meal -man [mi'h'l- 
mun, (and) mi'h*lraaim], a fiour- 
dealer ; also a worker in u Hour- 

Meander [mi-h'nd'ur], v. n. to 
murmur, complainingly. Also, 
to whine ; Iklid. See Maunder. 

Mrar [mi'h'r], adj. and adv. 
the pronimciation of more, and 
usual to the class of word. Tlio 
final letter is most frequently 
discarded before a consonant ; in 
a few instances it is permissible ; 
gen. Mr Marshall's interpreta- 
tion of this form, in the Glossary 
of East Yorkshire Provincialisms 
appended to the * Runil Economy 
of Yorkshire* (1788), as *the 
plural of more* is but a guess. 
[See E. D. S. Gloss. B. 2, p. 33.) 
In Iklid- Yorkshire [mi'h'r] is the 
antiquated form ; the general one 
being [me'h'r] ; with [niu'r] and 
[mao'h'r] for refined forms. 

Mease [mi'h'z], v. n. to be ab- 
sent-minded; Mid. 'Somewhat 
(something) ails our Nance (Ann, 
familiarly), or she would never 
go vieaaivy about, at all ends, 
the day through * [Suom-ut 
ye'h'lz uo'h' Naans*, ur* shud* 
ni'h'r gaang* mi'h'zin uboot*, ut* 
yaal* inz*, t dih' thruof]. The 
word may be mtiae, the pronun- 
ciation of this word being iden- 

Mease [mih'z] ; or Measen 
[mi'h'zu n], v. n. to act slotli- 
iuUy ; Mid. The terms are 
"widely applicable. "When not 
hungry, a jHjrson is disposed to 
* measen over his meat* [mi'h'zu'n 
aowh'r iz* mi'h't]. 



Meat [mi'li't], v. a. to feed ; gen. 
Heard very generally in the 
county. The chief southern 
pronunciation is [meyt*]. A 
m6al*8 - meat [mi'h'lz - mih''t] 
(ruralj, and [mieylz - meyt'J 
town), is a common term, signi- 
fying food enough for one meal. 

MSatwhole [mih-'twaol], adj. 
haying a healthy appetite ; gen. 
Thepronunciation indicated in 
the Wh, 61. Meatheeal [mih't- 
i'h'l], with a faint sound ap- 
proaching y before the vowel m 
the last part of the word, is also 
yery common among the Mid- 
Yorkshire peasantry. 

Meech [mih^'ch], v. a. and v. n. 
to loiter, with stealth; to idle 
about, ashamcdly ; Mid. [Fa- 
miliar in the South of England 
in the form mich [mich]. — 
W. W. S.] 

Meeterly [mee*t'uli]^ ady. in a 
fair state; gen. *A meeterly 
body' is a person whose trim, 
becoming appearance inspires 
one with a pleasant feeling. 

Mell [mel-], a mall. Wh. Gh ; 

Mell [mel*], y. n. meddle; gen. 
*Let him mell of Twith^ his 
marrow, and none do always 

Sate of the likes of that larl one * 
ir* im* mel* uv iz* "maarm, 
xm* ne*h*n bi yaal'us uge'h't ut* 
laa'ks u 'dhaat' laa*l un' J, let him 
meddle with his match, and not 
be always assailing such as that 
little one. 

Mellhead [mel-yihM], a block- 
head. W h. Gl. ; gen. 

Mell - shaft [mel* - shaafb], the 
harvest-sheal ; gen. This con- 
sists of the last *sickleful' of 
com, which has been left stand- 
ing for the farmer himself to cut. 
The sheaf being made, it is set 
up; and the harvesters, gatherine 
round, repeat together doggr^ 
yerses, like the following, in&o- 

ducing the fanner's name : 

*A — B — ^'s gitten all shorn an' 

All but a few standards, an' a bit 
o' lowso com. 
We hev her, we hey her, fast in 

a tether ; 
Come, help us to ho'd her — 

Hurra ! hurra ! hurra ! ' 

[ z git'u'n yaal* shao'h'n im* 

Ao'hl buod' u fiw sfaan'd'udz, un* 
u bit* u laow's kuo'h'n. 
Wi ev u, wi ey u, faast* i u 

Kuom*, elp* uz* tu aod*' u — 

Uo're' ! uo*re' ! uo're* I] 

Another variation is : 

*Well bun' (bound), and better 

shorn, is Farmer 's com ; 

We hev her, we hey her, as fast 
as a feather — 

Hip, hip, hurrah ! ' 

[Wee'l buon'un* bet''u shuoh'niz* 
Faa'mu z kuo'h'n ; 

Wi ev u, wi ey u, uz* fisuist* uz* u 

Ip* ip' uo're*]. 

And up go caps, hoods, and 
aprons. There are other versions 
of this * nomony,' but none differ 
materially. In some localities, 
the mell-shaft is the prize in a 
race restricted to the harvest- 
women; the victorious runner 
bearing it on the waggon, in 
triumph. This sheaf is allowed 
to dry, then it is 'hulled' — 
stripped of its husk, that is — and 
the * 7/ie//-cake ' is prepared from 
it. These customs are greatly on 
the wane, and their observance is 
due in a great measure to the 
sentiment lingering among those 
who remember other customs of 
their youth which have died out 

MeU-snpper [mel'-suop'u], the 
harvest-supper. Wh, Gl, ; gen. 

Melt [melt', milt'], the roe of 
fish ; gen. In the Wh, 01., jtp- 



plied to tho roe of malo fisb, and 
employed in the plunil. lu 
north and south Yorkshire ^ncr- 
ally, this torm ua motst hoard, but 
the singuhir often comoH info una 
It is also properly applied to male 
&ih, but is frequently (uiid by 
rule in the south) used indis- 

■eue [mens'], decency ; be- 
comingness; manners. Menae- 
lal [mens'fiiol], a^j. Hienseless 
[mens'lus], adj. unmauntirly, 
untidy. U'h. GL ; gen. In Mid- 
Yorkshire, the vrrh is cf>rnmon. 
'Don't stay to meu^ thyrtolf up, 
now, but go' £Duon*ut sti'h' tu 
mens' dhisen* uop", iioo, bud' 
gaan']. For ' stay/ in thi^ st^n- 
tence, many speakers would as 
freely employ • bide ' [baa'd]. * 1 
would try and make nunse of it 
of some road ' [Aa-d t*i-aa' un* 
maak* mens* aoh'^t iv suonr 
ruo*h*d, (also) re'h'd], I would 
try and give it a presentable 
appearance in some way. 

■ere [mi*h'r], heard, at times, 
applied to ground pennumMith' 
under water. Soddon, rvtyiiv 
ground — a marsh proper — is a 
* marrish.' But the uhiuiI word 
for anything like a pojtd is dike 

ga*y*k] and [daa'k] ; although 
e wora itsolf [paow'ud] is much 
used; Mid. 

Xetipot [mi'h'spot|, an ii'on 
vessel, used for boiling mosses 
of porridge, &c ; gen. 

Xet [met'], a moa.sun5 of two 
bushels. Met - poke [mot-- 
puo'h'k], a bag adaptt.'d to con- 
tain the quantity. Wh, (il, ; 
Mid. Tho term is, ut tinios, 
applied to a measure of one 

Mew [niiw] ; or Meaf [ini'li'f] ; 
or Kiff [mif], a mow. Only 
the first form is a^«so<.'iute(l with 
the participle; the vmw its«'lt' 
being usually called tlu' mraf, 
in Mid- Yorks., and miff in Xid- 

doTflale ; though in oacli locality 
that i'ud of tli(> biirii whi-n; tho 
pr<^Mlui.-u is stacked is culled *t' 
mew end.' 

Mickle [inik'u'I], sb., adj., and 
adv. much; lar«::c. '.l/i'A/'-sized' 
[mik'u'l-.^iu'zill, larjj^»-siy.od. 'A 
iuicklc o" ' [\J inik'u'l u], a groat 
deal of. *A wont mii/ch'.* [U 
went' mik'u'l], a veiy l!irg<\ 
* Mh'kit! wad liae mair' [Mik'u'l 
waad* ao uuvirrl, iiiuf-li would 
havomoi-o. JItiU'i<Ji [mik'lisli], 
ratlior larjro, M'A. (if. ; g<n. 
Muckle [iiiiiok'u'l] is ulso cm- 
ployetl, (Jiii'llv an a sith/^tuntirr^ 
and it is usual to hfnv \)it*. tcrnis 
in opjM)sition. Tho i»rnvt'rl)ial 
i)hraso (iuot4'd h1h»vo would 
hanlly, as it stand.**, carry ]>oint 
to Mil I- Yorkshire cars. ' Mitkhi 
wad hue iiithkh, \n\ iniirUr wad 
hao ujuir' \\4Mil(l motjt with a 
hotter ai>])reci:ilioii. 

Mickle-well [niiku'I-wc«-l], ailj. 
vorj' much; p-n. * i 's mirklc- 
tc(d ohlij^ed' L.\a"ZiMik'u'l-we<**l 
iiMi'C'jdJ, I am very much 

Midden [miiliu], a <lust-}ioli> ; a 
duii;rhill. Midden8tead[mid'in- 
Hti"hM], the rec^-ptacle in usi», 
IVh. (U. ; gi'Ti. 

Midden [nii«l'u*n], ]ii'<'p. amid; 

'gi'u. 'I found a ;:^oosij «'jr^ //y/(/- 

ih 11 tho straw-bands* [Au* I'uan'd 

u ^i'h's :e'j;^ mid'u'ii t sfri'li'- 


Middleing [midlin], a miner's 
term i'or a |ila<»' wairji \\\\^ ln-i.^n 
worked on all sides; Nidd. 

Miff [mil''], a lit of i>i-ttish anger ; 

Mill [mil*], V. n. and v. a. to 
nlirink, i»r witlnT. Ajipliril 1o 
persons and thiii;;s, as in tliu 
W'h. '//., wlii-r*' tlie j-a^t part., 
joini'd to iti, \< e\:injjdi-d. Tim 
ruh is also u-Uallv tVdloWrd liV 
iii^ ^i, or nj' ; Mill. 



Xill-race [mil'-nh's], mill-dam; 

Minch [minsh*], sb. and v. a. 
mince ; gon. * Minch - pie * 

EMinsh - paa*]. * Minch - m^t ' 
minsh*-mi"l?t]. Common, also, 
to town dialect. [Minch *-paa*y], 
[Minch'-meyt] (Leeds). 

Mind [maa'nd]^ v. a. to remember; 
to remind ; to tend, or superin- 
tend ; to be unmindful, or heed- 
less of ; gen. ' Does thou mind 
what the schoolmaster said to 
thee yesterday. Will', when thou 
coulcUi't spell ? ' * I rntW nothing 
about it ; I 've clean forgotten it ' 
[Diz* dhoo maa*nd waat* t ski'hl- 
mieh'sfu aid* tu dhae* yis*t'u- 
du, Wil*, win* dhuo kuod'u*nt 
spel'd'uP Aa* maa*ndz naowt* 
uboot* it. Aa*v tli*h*n fugitVn 
t]. *Well, mind him of it, if 
you go, if you please* [Weel*, 
maa'nd im* on*t ^n* yi gaan*, 
un* yu pli'h'z]. Said a little girl, 
on a river-packet, that plies for 
a few miles up the Ouse from 
York, on market-days : [Maam*, 
lits* maa'nd yaan* unidh'ur, ur* 
wi su'l' be'h*th git* d'roon'did], 
* Mother, let us take care of one 
another, or we shall both get 
drowned.' * Minding the bairns 
and the house '[Maa'ndiu tbeh'nz 
un* t oos*], tending the children 
and taking care of the house. 
[Maa'nd aof* !], mind off! = take 

Minler [min-lur], miller; gen. 
In the noi-th, milner [mil'nur] is 
often heard, but this is not a cna- 
racteristic pronunciation. 

Mint [mint], v. a. to suggest ob- 
scurely, or intimate by gesture ; 
Mid. [* You should have minted 
at it,* meaning, *You should 
have reminded me of it,* was 
said to mc last month (June, 
1876), in Cambridge. It is pos- 
sible that the speaker may have 
come from the North, though 
now resident here. It is the 

A.S. myntariy to shew, declare. 
— W. W. S.] 

Misbelieve [misbili'h*v], v. a. 
and V. n. to misunderstand ; Mid. 

Mischieves [mis'chi"h*vz], the 
way mischief is treated; Mid. 
This is occasionally employed aa 
a plural form, but at all 
times takes the indefinite article. 
* Ho *11 do one a mischieyes if he 
can any way : mischief's in him * 
[Eel* di'h* yaan* u mi8'chi"h*vz 
if* i kaan* aon'i wi*h*z — mis'- 
chi-h*f8 i im*]. 

Miflfitten [misfitni'nl, adj. dis- 
nroportioned. [Miefetni'n], p. t. ; 

Misken [misken*], v. a. and v. n. 
to misunderstand, or miscon- 
ceive; to mistake. Wh, GL; 
gen. The word is also in some 
use, or, rather, play, as a snh^ 
stantive. * It was a misken * [It* 
waar u misken*]. 

Mislest fmisledt*], v. a. to molest ; 
gen. There is also an inclina- 
tion to adopt [i] for the second 

Mislook [misli*h*k], v. a. to over- 
look, neglectively ; Mid. 

Mismense [mismens*], v. a. to 
soil, or sully ; to render untidy. 
The past part is exampled in 
the Wh, Gl, The verb is quite 
as freely employed in Mid-Yorks. 
See Mense. 

Misreckon [misrik'u'n], v. a. to 
miscalculate; gen. 

Mis-sort [misuo'h't, (and) a:e*h*t], 
V. a. to mistrust ; Mid. 

Mistetch [mistech*], v. a. mis- 
train, or misteach. WJi, GL past 
part.; Mid. 

Moil [mao*yl], v. n. and sb. to 
toil imremittingly ; gen. [Nu- 
merous examples of to mot? are 
given in Todd*s Johnson and 
Kichardson. To ' toil and moil * 
is not an imcommon phrase. — 
W. W. 8.] 



■oit [inao}-t'], a particle. Wh. 
Gl.; goD. 

■oke [inuoh''k], sb. an<1 v. im- 
pen. cload tutd dampoesa to- 
gether; gen, 

Mol [Mol', Maol] ; or Pol [Pol-, 
Faol'], Mary; gen. 

Hollycot [mol'ikot]; or Kolly- 
coddle [raolikodul], sh., y. n., 
and T. a. applied to a mole 
ptmaa who eoKogee in house- 
nold work. ' win wifo 'a an ail- 
tnK body (person), so ho molly- 
coddlet hunnelf a bit ' [Iz- waa-fs 
u ye-h'lin baodi, se'h' i mol-i- 
koduTz izBon- u hit"]. The word 
ia Bomotimea ahorteaed to molly 

■oor [muoh'rl, v. a. to cover, or 
lumbeT np ; to over-wrap. ' Go 
and moor the houee-fire for over- 
night ' [Oaon- on- muo-h'r t oo«- 
fcaT fiir" aow'h'-neet']. ' Moor 
thjrself up well ; it 's a cold even- 
ing ' [Uuo'h'r diuson' uop- wce'l ; 
its' u kao'h'd ee-n (and) u'h'n]; 
gen, Wh. Gl., "JUoor'd up" — 
also a common phraee generally. 

Koot [moot'], verb impera. to 
appear, or become visibls, as the 
laifge head of a nail will bo likely 
to do through thin wall-papor. 
'It will moot through' [It' u'l 
moot' thruof']. Joined to out, 
as in the ITA. 01., the tonn is 
also common ; Mid. 

Xootar [moot''ur], multure. Wh. 
Ol, ; gen. The miller's multure 
is in kind, and a children's rhj'mo 

[Mil'ur, mil-ur moot''ur-puo'h'k, 
Ti'h'k u leh'd un- stoh'l u 

That ia, took in a ■ load.' or three 
buebele, of com ; and stole a 
' stroke,' or half-a-bushcl, of it. 
iuk], a fraud u- 
I, or trick; Mid. 

' He said that he could not re- 
collect nothing (anything] about 
it now. Thinks I to myBelf, 
That'sarnor/orA, however' [Ised' 
ut' i kuo'du'nt rik'uiek' naowt 
uboot' it' noo' Thingka- Aa- tu 
misen-, 'Dhoata- u mao'h'luk, 
oo-ivu], that is tricky, however. 
Mora [niuo'h'n, nu'n (ret.)], 
morning ; morrow. IT'S. Gl. ; 
gen. to the county. ■ I shall go 

t' morn' [Aa" sul" gaan' uv u 
muo'h'n — aapiu'n tu muoh'n ut* 
maoh''n]. The pronunciation 
will be varied often in this man- 
ner, but the last Towel is greatly 
mora charactoristio of southern 
speech, in which, save in parts 
of the south-wcHt of the counhr, 
the first vowel is not used^t aU. 
Old Mid- Yorkshire people also 
vary the pronunciation of happen 
(perhaps) by substituting initial 
y, [jaapu'n]. 

Mond [maowd], v. a. and t. n. 
To nwud (i. c. mould) land, is to 
break up the cakes of earth in 
the spnng fallows, after they 
have been eufBciently ' tendered' 
by the n-inter's frost. The imple- 
ment used is called a ' tnoudin'- 
rake' [maowd-in-ri"h'k]; gen. 

Soady-warp [maowd 'i-waa'-p, 
maoh''di-waa"p], a mole. IfA. 
(//. ; gen. Though [aa-jiacom- 
mouly heard, broad dialect 
Bpcukers usually employ [e"h'] 
as the vowel in rcor/i. Koudy- 
hill rmaowdi-:il, maob'di-:a], 
a mole-hill. Wh. Gl. ; gen. 

Konn [maown'J, v. n. must. This 
fonn is used in the north-west. 
In Mid- Yorkshire, and north and 
east generally, maun [maoh''nJ 
is UBed, with fmuon'] when the 
verb is preeoded by a pronoun 
and bears the stress alone. Suuth- 
waid. it is mun [raun*]. and 
[muon-] in emphasis ; while 
south - west, two other fonna 

frevail, mon [maon]. and mciail 
muoh-'n]. See Kun. 


Mot [m:aoyl, adj. demure, cov. 
Wh. Gt. ; Mid. 

Hnbble [muobni'l], a loitering 
crowd, where ' aveiybody id in 
CTerj'body'i way ' ; Mid. 

Kttok [muok], dirt. ' It lioreis 
for mvck ' (sleet). [It- tiot'uz 
(also [ottik], to a leas extent) fu 
muok'}. Kucky [muoki], adj. 
'foul, mean.' A ' mvot-clout' 

mom hoard than its eqniralent 
n onliuaiy Bpeech, is put to 
conaidcrable idiumatic use as a 
Terb. To 'mvck up' [muok'- 
nop-] is to clfcun up. ' Go and 
muck the pantry out a bit ' 
[Oaan' un' munk' t paan-t'ri oot- 
u bit-]. [Aaz- mu.-k'iu doon-]. 
I am deaninfr down. [Wih'' 
dhuz' ■niacin"! dhiiz' Tnuok', un- 
Aaz* boou' tu muok* ef-t'u 
no'h'bdi], ' Whore there 'a (are) 
manythere'smHci.and I 'nigging 
to tiiiirk after nobody.' The word 
ix much used in compounds. Here 
is a scrap of juveoile conyersa- 

Juck. • What 's thou get to thy 
•upp«'r, Diek ? ' 

Bick (ironically). ' As muchaa 
has over-fetten mo for my drink- 
ing' (As much ashasovereerved 
~ " ' ' B after I have 

had my tea). ' What 's thou get, 
reckons thou ? ' (' reckon,' to 

Jack (triumphantly). ' A shive 
o' Diuc^-drip and brlad, with a 
dollop o' salt on 't ' (A cut of 
broad, with burnt-dripping, and 
a lot nf salt on it). 

TJz' mich' uz* ez- aowb'-fctu'n 

mu fu mi d'ritigk*in. Waats* 
■dlioo* gif, rik*u'nK-tu ? 

U puaa'v u muok'-d'rip' un* 
bri'b'd, wi u (Iol*up H 8ao*h't out"]. 
The emiiloyment of the simjile 
Ti'rb may bo implied fc)r the 
Whitby locality, as i)articipial 

examples are givoi in the gloo- 

Btnck-jnry [muok'-jlwri], " A 
ju^ aeaembled on the subject of 
public nuisance." Wh. Gl. In 
Uid-Yorke., this sober, restricted 
senile is not usnal. The Towel 
in the verb madi (and other simi- 
lar words) is in character amongst 
dialect-speakers sfl [no]. But it 
ia not qait« so foil a sonnd as 
what is conunonly given to ti. 

Hockment [niuok*meiit, (and) 
mint], trash of any kind. Wh. 
01. ; pen. It is also applied op- 
probnoualy to persons, 

HiLck-tniddeii [uiaok*-midiiiJ, 
" The manure-heap, or dust- 
hole." HA. ei. : gen. 

Mad [muod], pret. might Wt. 

Muggy [muog-i], adj. a weather- 
term. Damp and cloudy. Wh. 
01.; gen. In Mid-Yorks., any- 
thing damp and mouldy is spoken 
of by the term. 

MnU [miuo-l], sK and v. a. the 
fine dry mould of any decayed 
substance ; gen. 

Mullock [muol'uk], t. a. to im- 
pair by attrition ; to soil ; Mid. 
' My clothes are as good as new 
yet ; they are none (not) «iu^- 
locktd a bit ' [Maa* tb'bs is* 
uz* gi"b'd uz* ni*h' yit* ; dhur 
ne'h'n muol'ukt u bit']. 

Mnnunacki [mnom tiks]. Any 
object which, through defectiy^ 
munagojnent, is associated with 
failure, has been ' made a ntum- 
maeki of Tmi'h'd u muom*uka 
aeu']; Mid. Tho term is one 
which may be widely applied ; 
from the etnte of the household- 
pudding, which has been in the 
pan too long, to the state of 
affairs in connection with matters 
of a more generally conceded im- 

Munp [muomp-], v. a. to strike 



the buoe with the closed fist. Wh, 
01, ; gen. The nearer the blow 
is to the mouth, the more ap- 
plicable the term. The CHoasary 
adds the meaning * to chew.' 
In this sense, too, the term is 
current throughout the county, 
implying great action in the 
lower ])art of the mouth. A 
toothless person mum pa his food. 
"When a child is bid to ^mvnip 
up/ or eat up anj'thing, this 
must be done quickly, and no 
noise made, so the lips are closed 
in mastication. Mump, sb. also, 
a blow on the mouth, or near to it. 

Xnmp [muomp*], v. n. to sulk, 
determinedly ; g^n. * One knows 
their meaning by their mum piny * 
[Yaan* nao'h'z (or [kenz*]) dliur* 
mi'h'nin bi dhur* muom'pin]. 

Xnmper [muom*pur], a vcrj' 

small sweet apple, of the codling 
kind; Mid. 

Hun [niuon'], v. n. must. Hmmot 
[muon'ut], must not. Wh, GL; 
gen. See Moun 

Mange [niuonj*], v. a. an<l v. n. 
to chew eagerly, or munch. Wh. 
01. ; gen. A person is said to 
fniinge^ too, who murmurs surlily, 
in an inarticulate manner. 

Knnie [m turns'], sb. and v. n. 
teaming talk ; * chaff ; * Mi(L 

Hunt [iiiuont*], V. a. and an oc- 
casional sb. to hint, or suggest, 
in a coarse mannor, indicating 
what is meant r.itlicr more by 
action of the mouth than by direct 
speech ; Mid. See Mint. 

MnnVe [muon'tu], vb. and pron. 
must thou ; gen. Tliis agglomer- 
ation of the verb and pronoun 
in the second person singular is 
a common form, as may bo ex- 
ample<l additionally in tiarea-thou 
[daa'stu], ruu-thon [ruou'stu] 
Timperative), iM^k-thon tli'h'kstu] 
(interj.), wonid-fhou [waadtu], 
•et'thou fsidh-u] (interj.), ahalt- 
thou [saal'tu], xvilt'thou [wil'tu, 

wit'u], comfa-thoa [kuomz'tu], 
hiowa-iJtou [naoh'^ztu], aeeat-thou 
[seez'tu, (and) S'.i'h'z tu], aa//a- 
thou [sez'tu], goeat-thou [gaanz*- 
tu]. All those forms are heard 
in rural dialect, and many more 
might be addt^d. They are ecjually 
a feature of town dialect. 

Xnrderful [maordufuol], adj. 
murderous; gen. 

Hark [nurk], adj. and sb. dark ; 
Wh. GL: gen. Murkin8[mukinzl 
nightfall; Mid. Murky [mu-kij, 
adj. is in g<»nei"al use, "^ith the r 
often heard. 

Marl [niuorl*, muol*, mu*l], v. im- 
pers. to crumble, in a drj' or de- 
cay eilstat«\ H7i. ^7.;gen. Also, 
a auhsttnttive, with one of the 
two iii-st pronunciations. See 

Harlder [m:uo-hrur, mu-hVur], 
sb. is us<?d with the same mean- 
ing as Murl, which see ; gen. 

Mash [muosh-], sb., v. a., and v. n. 
a powdery, or pulverised state; 
Wh. 01. ; gen. MuBhy, adj. 
See Bre'kly. 

Mysen wards [misen'udz], adv. 
towards myself; Mid. The a is, 
at times, omitted, but usually 
added. * WTienever I make a 
mistake it's to luyaanrarda* 
[^Wenivur aa* maaks* u mistaak* 
its' tu misen'udz]. 

My song ! [maa- 'saang* I] int<jrj. 
The mother's phr.iso 'My' word!* 
sug;^ests itself as the counterpart 
of this dialect one. 

Nack [najik'], a word for pig^hwi 
usually restricted to conversation 
with children ; g<?n. A nacky, 
or nacky-pig, is a sucking-])ig. 

Nack-reel [na;ik'-rce"l], an ad- 
junct of the spinning-wheel; 
being a wooden wheel-like reel 
which, in 8U]»plying the spinner 
with yum, nm-ka, or makes a 
clicking kind of knock, when a 
certain length has been unwound. 



thus enabling the operator, with 
a glance at a dial acted upon, to 
ascertain the quantity of material 
used. Wh, QL ; gen. 

Hacks [naaks*], a game in which 
pegs of wood play a similar part 
to the well-known object *Aunt 
Sally ; ' Mid 

Ifaff [naaf-]^ nave, as applied to 
a wheel. Also, the navel. T\li, 
Ol. ; gen. 

Vaffhead [naaf*i"h'd], a dolt. 
Wh. 01, ; gen. 

Haffle [naafu'l], v. n. to trifle. 
Wh. GL ; Mid 

Haffy [naafil; or Niffy-naffy 
[nif'i - naaf'ij, a soft - headed 
person; gen. A niffy-naffy is 
one given to fussy little actions ; 
going * niffy-naffyinf) ' about on 
formal little errands, which have 
no consequence. The Wh. GL 
has niffy-naffyy adj. in which 
sense the term is also occasion- 
ally heard generally. 

Fag [naag-], v. a., v. n., and sb. 
to make a tiresome use of the 
tongue in upbraiding — to gnaw, 
employing the word as a figure ; 
gen. ^ Nag, nag, nag, thou'd 
iiag abody's guts out ! ' [Naag*, 
naag*, naag', dhoo'd naag* 
ubaod*iz guuts* oot*], as an un- 
polished phrase runs. Nag, also, 
to gnaw. *Give f dog a bone 
to nag^ [GK t dog* u be'h'n tu 

Ifagger [naagur], v. a. and v. ii. 
to complain incessantly, in a 
worrying tone ; gen. 

Nance [Naans-J; (?rNaii [Naan-l, 
Ann ; {jcn. if the person is old, 
[Nairn 'i] is employed. 

Nap [naap*], v. a. and sb. to 
stiike the head sharj^ly, but not 
violently, "^dth a stick, or the 
knucklos. A nodding person is 
napped to keep him awake, and 
a ciiild for misbehaviour; gen. 
See Naup. 

Nappy [naapi], adj. testy. Wk 
Gl, ; gen. 

Natch [naach*], a p^ formed in 
connection with solid wood, and 
not cut away ; Mid. 

Natter [naat*'ur], v. n. to make 
incessant, freUul complaint — 
being quick to wound and care- 
less to argue. Wh, 61, pcui;. 
and adj. ; gen. to the county. 

Nattle [naat'u'l], a gland or 
kernel m the fat of meat. Wh. 
GL ; Mid. 

Nattle [naatTi'll, v. n. and v. a. 
to gnaw, nibble, or make a 
similar noise, with • a light rat- 
tling sound.* Wh. GL; gen. 
Also, substantively, 

Naup fnao'p, naoh*'p], v. a. usu- 
ally tne term for a knock on the 
head with the end of a stick. 
Kauping, a cudgelling. Wh, 
GL; gen. The last pronuncia- 
tion (expressed in the ]Vh, OL 
by *norp'), is, in this case, 
considered by speakers the vul- 
gar one. Naup is also a much- 
employed sub^ntiw. An ad' 
fective is formed from the word, 
in naupy [nao'h'pi]. *If thou 
gets a sticK in thy hand thou 's 
never long before thou *fl naupy 
with it' [If* dhuo gits* u stik* 
i dhi aana* dhuoz* nivu laang* 
ufuoh*' dhuoz* naoh**pi wit*J, 
never long before you incline 
to use it. In the pronoun of 
the first person it is, at times, 
as in this sentence, impossible 
to write the usual vowel [oo]. 
The English oti, in such cases, 
and the m as in ru< are identical 
in sound dialectally — ^the pro- 
noun and the verb indicated 
being sounded [dhuo] and [knot*] 
respectively. See Nap. 

Nawn [nao'h'n], adj. own; gen. 
An occasional form. * Thou own 
bairn o' mine I' [Dhoo* "nao'h'n 
'be'h'n u maa*n !j In some sen- 
tences, it would seem as if an 
initial vowel merely robbed the 


proceding word of au onding 
OOUBOiuuit, M in, 'Thoa'e my 
navn iMirn;' 'Thou's a naum 
pet' (and auch must liave been 
uie origin of the form). Tho 
Ibnner eentoiice miglit be read 
Tlum'i mint otea bairn, but the 
consequent pronunciatiou of inr'n« 
[maarn'] would be a remarkable 
poculiantj in existing dialect 
apeech, and quite inodmiainble 
in Hny otber similarly homely 
phratte. In relation to etondaird 
Cngliah, the form mine would of 
course now be a peculiarity, 
though it would onco have boon 

Hay [ne', neh', nih'J, adv. and 
ailj. no, nay. H7i, Gl. .- gcu. 
The two first forma ttro the more 
refined ones, but are mout gpnenil 
in use. The [h'] is aci^uired be* 
ftira a consonant. With refar- 
enco to the last form, there is 
this peculiarity in association — 
that it never gives way to its 
own simple vowel-sound. When 
a following vowol occurs, then, 
inateud of loEiing its final I'lemcnt 
and becoming [ni'li tho vowel 
changes to [e-J. This is abund- 
antly shown in glosaaries, and 
by dialect- writers, who hav< 

and but one when it is [ij. There 
may be observed dlfftruut ways 
of mdicating this form, as nea, 
ntea, neah, nerak, neny, nriii/a, 
and other spelliugs, but it will be 
observed that the aim ie always to 
reproduce something in excess 
of a simple vowel-sound. A j-et 
moro relined form of tho negativa 
[as employed by trade.-^iooplo. 
and othera) is [^iiuo'], a form un- 
affected by position. 

Hay-iay [ne-b'-ee-li'l, a rtfuBul. 
in. 01. ; gen. 

Hus'd fiiaawl-], past part, con- 
fused through liijuor — "slightly 
drunk — -A little in tho auu.''' 
Hazsy, adj. btuiKiiud through 

drink. Wh. 01.; gon. 'A bit 
niaxy ' is the phrase employed to 
express the meaning attached to 
the participle. 

ITcabonr [ui-h'bur], tho pronun- 
ciation of mighoonr ; gen. In 
these words of final ur Uio u is 
practically [uo]. but in unusu- 
ally short character. 

KOap [nih'p], the nave of a wheel ; 
Hid. Also, a three-legged rest, 
constructod of natural branches, 
and used to HU]>port the shaft of 
a vt'hielo. See Nape in E. D. a 
aioH. B. 15, p. 57. 

Near. Sec Innear. 

Hearder [nih'd'ur], adj. coin- 

Earativeuf 'irdr; gL-n. Ifoarthor 
□i'h'dhur] is also used. The 
superlative has several forms: 
Neardest [ni'h'd'ist], Nearder- 
eat [ui-h'd'uriHt], Kearther- 
ast [ni'h'dhurist], Neartheat 
[nih'dhist]. When contact in 

Krson is imphod, thon the supor- 
:ivea are : Nearnioat fnrh'- 
muatl, Neardermost [ni'b'd'u- 
must 1. Neorthennost [iu'h'dhu- 

Kearlin^B [nih'liuz], nilv. nearly. 
And so in other words the ad- 
verbial termination is identical. 
Owerlinga [aowiilinz], over ; 
partlings [poh'tHnzl, partly ; 
ratherlinga J^ro'h'd'ulin?/] (also, 
singiilarlv, with the short vowel 
[rih'd'ulinz]), rather; better- 
lingB, better {[It«- twi-h' i-h'z 
un' bct''ulinz], It 's two yean 
and better). 

ITearpoinU [nili'p^aoynts], ndv. 
a term indicative of extreme 
nearness; Mid. In tho matter 
of a bargain, two persons will 
come to ' nrar/itiiiili about it,' to 
tho point at whifh the bargain 
wasnearestbcillg^'t^uek. ' How 
fur is it from here ? ' ' Why, I 
reckon of it nrarmiaU a mile' 
rOofiuiTiz-if fmeih'r? Wu'yh'. 
Aa- rik'unz on* it- ni-h'p;a[)ynts 
u moa'l]. ' Tho placo tos ntur- 



points ML ' [T pli-h's wur- nih'- 
p:aoynt6 fao*l]. 

H6ave[ni-h'v]; or F^af [nih'f], 
the fiiat. Wh, GL ; gen. The 
first form receives the plural sign 
exclusiyely. N^ave-ftil [ni'h'v- 
fuoll; or Ndaf-ful [nih'-fuol 
(ana firequently) ni'h'f - fuol], 
nandfuL Wh, 61. ; gen. 

V^ade [ni'h'zu'l], v. il to produce 
that repressible half- whistling 
nndercurrent of noise which 
attends the act of sneezing; Mid. 

Heb [neb*, nib*], a bill, or beak. 
Applied, also, to the nose. Wh, 
GL ; gen. Also, to the front or 
extending part of a cap, hat, or 

Heck about [nek-uboot] ; or 
Keckinger [nck'inju], a neck- 
handkerchief. Wh, Gl. The first 
term is general ; the last a Mid- 
Yorks. Other names belonging 
to this locality are [nekaang*- 
kuochu] and [neka^g'kichu], 
the last being refined. A com- 
mon kind of neckerchief is usu- 
ally awarded the name of * neck- 
clout' [nek*-tloot]. 

Heed [ni*h'd], adv. needs; Mid. 
* He must need go ' [I muon* 
ni'h'd gaang']. 

9*6686 [ni'z], sb. and v. a. noose ; 

9*66^ [ni-st] ; or ITe^rt [nih'st], 
adj. and adv. next. Wh. Gl. ; 

Hep [nep*], a small remaining 
part; gen. Lit. a wip, a pinch. 
•There isn't a iiep left' [Dhur* 
iz'u'nt u nop* left*]. Also nep- 
ping [nep-in]. See Nip. 

Hep [nepl ; or Nipe 
V. a. •* To crop with 
and lips, as sick cattle which 
pick a little hay from the hand." 
Wh. GL; gen. Also freely used 
of persons, as those who, in ill- 
ness, do little more than taste 
their food. The first form is 

the teeth 

employed Buhstantively in each 
case. See Kip. 

Neps [neps'J, a kind of shears 
employed m *lookin,* or weed- 
ing tne corn-fields. Lit. nips, 
or nippers. 

Henk [niwk-l, nook; a comer, 
of any kind. * T* fi^A;-8hop ' 
[T niwk'-shop*], the comer-shop. 
'T poke-n«/Jfe' [T puoh-'k-niwk'J, 
the comer of thepoke, or bag. 
Wh. GL ; gen. This is a much 
heard but not the characteristic 
pronunciation, which is [nih^'k]. 
These forms can only be "written 
with a short vowel hesitatingly. 
The vowel is, in each case, fre- 
quently heard long, and perhaps 
quite as often with a medial 
sound as a short one. It may 
also be noted, that in such words 
as ' shop ' one almost slips into 
writing [uo] for the vowel. On 
the part of speakers there is a 
constant tendency to this sound 
when o occurs between con- 
sonants ; and, in many words, as 
in bonnet [buonit], the change 
is absolute and unvarving on the 
part of those who adLere to the 
dialect. In refined dialect the 
vowel changes to [u], as in 
sorrow [surnij, fork [m*k], mom 
[mu*n], /or/orw [fulu'n]. There 
IS this change, too, with the 
diphthong oti^ as inmourn [mu*n]. 
In making these remarks one can- 
not avoid indulging in repetition, 
but the notes may be allowed to 
stand because the tendency and 
actual change indicated aftectB 
the dialect remarkably, and yet 
has never met with the slightest 

N en kin [niwk-in]. A neukin 
proper is well explained in the 
\yh. GL :—** The comer on both 
sides the fii*e - place in old- 
fashioned countrv houses, where 
the fire is kindled on the hearth, 
and a bawk or beam for the 
mantel-piece overarches it the en- 
tire width of the room. Within 



this expanayo receBS, a scat of 
stone, or a settlo of "wood appears 
on both hands ; *' gen. There is 
this arrangement intact yet in 
many houses, far and wide, and 
there are few old tenements with- 
out some modification of it in 
one or another apartment. But 
whether semblance remains or 
does not remain, a * lanjErscttle ' 
paang'setu*!^ and the chimno^'- 
comer constitute ample material 
for ensuring at least the name of 
neukin for every fire-side. There 
maT be an improved fire-gruto 
and an oven in the way, with 
the domain of the settlf^ usurped 
by a chair, and yet there will bo 
the neukin and a place of honour 
"Sever heed [nivur ee*d, neer* 
ee'd, (also, m each case) ih'*d], 
▼. a. and v. n. Wh, GL : gen. 
to the county. The forms are 
about equally in use. The ex- 

Flanator}' phrase [nivur (or 
neer']) mau'nd] is as much in 
use, too. 

Vevil [nevil, i»ivil, (and ocoa- 
sionallv) nii'hSdl, nih''vil]. v. a. 
to beat with the fist. \Vh. 01. 
TMist and pres. pai-ts. ; gon. Sei* 

Vewery-day [niwii*ri-di-h'], the 
familiar designation of New- 
Year's day ; Mid. 

Hib [nib*], v. a., v. n., and sb. 
to nibble ; Mid. 

Hick [nik*], an open crack of 
any kind ; gon. * My hands are 
nicked with the frost * [Maa* 
aanz* ur* nikt* wiv t fniost*], 
cracked, or chapped with the 

Vicker [nik'ur], v. n. and sb. to 
neigh ; Mid. \Vh. GL pres. part. 

Vifle [ntaa-hri], v. n. to trifie ; 
Mid. Wh. Gi. pros. part. 

H'iggle [nig'u'l] ; or Naggle 
[nag'u*!]^ V. n. to haprglo. * 1 )()ii't 
go and let him ttifjyie and nnyyle 

it away from thee * [Deh**nt gao 
un* lit* im* nig'ul un* naag'ul 
t uwi'h' fre-h' dhuj. Kiggler 
[nig'lur], and occasionally nag- 
gler [naagiur], are employed 
Bubitantiuely for htujifhr. The 
Wh. GL has niggling [nig-lin], 
pres. part ; Mid. 

Nildernalder [nil crunaald'u], 

y. n. t*) ])ace along idly, allowing 
the attention to bo diverted at 
random ; Mid. Wh, GL pres. 

Nim [nim*], v. n. and adj. to pace 
along (luickly, with a light step ; 
Mid. Wh, GL pres. i;:irt. and 
adj. In Mid-Yorks. the parti- 
ciple is not murli resorted to. 
A 8]>eaker would, as a rule, in 
tliis case, prefer changing the 
aiitecjcdent verb so that a princi- 
pal one inij^ht have play, and 
in.stead oi' sayin;^, * The old lady 
goes uinnnintf along* [Wh, OL), 
would say, *The (»ld ladj" does 
nim along' [T aoh*'d li'h'ifi 'diz* 
nini' ulaang']. 

Nim [ninr], v. a. to juck up 
hastily, or snatch ; to st««al, with 
a. quirk movement; Mid. Wh, 
OL pres. ])art., associated with 
vpf which, in Mid-Yorks. dialect, 
is not a necessary adjunct. 

Ninny [niiri], v. n. and sb. to 
whinny ; Mid. 

Nip fni|>-, naep- (ref.)], v. a., v. n., 
and sb. to junch; gen. Si'e Nep. 

Nippin [nip 'ill], a small nugget ; 

Nip-raisin [nip--re-irzin], a stingy 
8iile.snian; one who is barely just 
towards the buyer, ffh. OL ; 
gen. Nip -cum [iiip--kaon], 
nip-cumint, is also employed. 
In tliis word the r is friMpiently 
trilled ; but on occasions is as 
distinctly without tlio letter. 
¥or nip, split [splet*] is sub- 
stitutetl, at times, to exju'ess a 
like meaning. 

Nip-screed [nip--skrec"d] ; or 



Kipskin [nip'-skin], a niggard. 
Wh. 01 The first (lit a «t>- 
ahred) is a general term; the 
last a lifid-'5u)rk8. With refer- 
ence to this term the JVh. 61. 
explains: "One who infringes 
on another's dues or borders, as 
the term screed implies ; one who 
* cuts beyond the edge of his own 
cloth.'" Another signification 
may be added. A «cr^ is usually 
not intended to be of a width 
which may be * screeded * again, to 
be made but 'a band' of, as a 
country speaker would say ; but 
this is an operation which, cir- 
cumstances allowing, may bo 
supposed to engage the thoughts 
of a nip-screed. Nipper [nipur] 
is also in use generally, with a 
similar meaning. 

Fit [nit-] ; or Nut [nuot], adv. 
not; gen. The last form is 
general to the county. 

Nither [nidh'urj, v. a. to starve 
to trembling, with cold; gon. *I 
am hithered with cold * [Aa*z 
nidh'ud wi kao'h'd]. Nether 
[nedh'ur] is also an occasional 
pronimciation. Wh, Gl, past and 
pres. parts. 

Hitter [nit-'u], v. n. to titter; 

Vizzle-toppin Jniz-u'l-topin]^ an 
actively - inchned, but weak - 
minded person ; Mid. 

Vobbut See Nought but. 

Vodder [nod-'ur], v. n. to be in a 
visible state of tremor, from the 
head downwards. Wh. 01. ; gen. 

Voddle [nod'u'l], v. n. and v. a. 
to nod, with a quick convulsive 
motion. Wh. 01.; gen. Used, 
also, substantively f for the head. 

Voddy [nodi]; or Anoddy 

Sunod'iJ, adj. alono ; Mid. *I 
ooked m as I was going by, and 
found him anoddy [Aa* fi'h'kd 
in* uz* Aa* wur* gaan'in baa*, 
un* fiiaiid' im* unodi]. The 
cabin of a certain old country 

dame went by the name of ' Nod- 
dycob Hall ; ' the walls being 
built of time-rounded stones, 
known as * cobbles,' and * cobs,' 
and the situation of the dwelling 
a lonely one. 

Nodling [nod'lin], applied to one 
in a chronic state of absent- 
mindedness; Mid. 

Noggin [nog'in], a small vessel, 
which is also used as a quarter 
of a pint measure. Wh. OL; 
gen. to the county. 

Nointed [naoyn'tid], ppi^ordained, 
destined. Wh. OL ; Mid. 

Nokkin [nok-in], a nuggQt of 
solid ore ; Nidd. 

Noppy [nopi], adj. tipsy; gen. 

Hotage [nuo'h'tij], v. a. and sb. 
notice. Wh, Ol, Many other 
Mid-Yorks. people indulge in 
this pronunciation. 

Notified [nuo'h'tifaa"d ^and often 
long)], pp. noted, or known by 
reputation. Wh, 01, ; Mid. 

Notomise [not*um:aayz] ; or Vo- 
tomy [not'umi], i. e. an anatomy ^ 
a skeleton. The first is the Mid- 
Yorks. form, and both forms are 
heard in Nidderdale. 

Nought but [naob'ut, nuob-ut], 
adv. only. Wh, 01,; gen. The 
final letter interchanges with d. 

Noughtpenny [naowtpeni], a<y. 
applied to anything done, or to 
be done, for which there will be 
no pay. Wh. 01, ; gen. 

Now8 and thans [noo-z un 
dhaanz*], now and then ; at odd 
times. Wh, 01; Mid. * He 
comes at nows and thans ' [I 
kuomz' ut* noo'z im* dhaanz*]. 
' I see him nows and thans ' [Aa* 
see'z im* noo'z un* dhaanz*]. 
The [aa] of the last word is a 
peculiaritv in the dialect, the 
characteristic vowel-change in 
such words as then being to [i]. 

Nowt [naowt], sb. and adj. 



nought, nauglit, or nothing. 
Wh, 01.; gen. This pronuncia- 
tion is so constantly and so 
generally heard, even in looali- 
tiee where there are opposite 
dialect nsa^s, that the tnily 
characteristic form is apt to be 
lost sight of. In Mid- Yorkshire 
a speaker employs [naowt*] in- 
cessantly, but gives way to [noh*'t] 
at intervals, and when tliia form 
is used that would be a dull in- 
stinct which, contacting witli 
the sound, did not at once 
associate it with the genius of 
the dialect. Among the minors 
of Nidderdale a sound is cuirent 
which is slight and fugitive in 
character, difficult to denote, 
and, as an apparently anomalous 
formation, almost willingly for- 
^tten. It is as if in pronounc- 
mg this word nawt tne mouth 
was opened for [aa] ^dth the 
result of [aowl, short (usually) 
in both cases. With some sjjeukers 
it is an accidental sound, and, 
unless one is in the habit of try- 
ing to account for everj'thiug 
that is heard, may easily escape 
recognition. Yet it is in clear 
consonance with the regularities 
and vocal perfections of the local 
dialect. Elsewhere, where geo- 
graphical position is favourable 
to tine fuller development of this 
Bound (as, in some degree, among 
the miners of the noi-th-west, 
but more in an exactly opposite 
direction, within a certain limit, 
midway between York and the 
ooastj, it becomes [aa*] simply 
and mlly. 

Vowt [naowt-1 ; or Neat [nii'h't], 
used of cattle, in the smgular; 
the plural taking «. The first 
form IS most emploj^ed. * I went 
to a druggist's while I was in 
York, and got some ueatfoot-oil * 
[Aa* wint- tiv u d'niog-istuz 
waai Aa waar* i Yurk*, un* 
gaat* Buom* naowt'f:i'h't-ao'yl]. 

Vowfher [naowdhur] ; orNowder 

[naow'd'ur]; orNoatherfnuo'h- 
dhurj ; or Noader [nuo-n'd'ur] ; 

or Na'ther [ne*h dhur] ; or 
Na'der [iieh'd'ur] : or Neather 
[ni'h'dhur]; or Noader [ni'h'd'ur], 
employed conjunctively, or as 
substantives of convenience. 
Neither. These various forms 
are general. Young people em- 
ploy [ne'h'dhur] and [no'nd'ur]; 
and the two last of the list are 
the refined forms. Old people 
usually abide by the two first, 
but frequently use the two fol- 
lowing, [nuoli'dhur, nuo'h'd'ur]. 
Usually this vowel [uo] may bo 
quite distinguished, but when 
short, and tjuickly spoken, it is 
extremely difficult to distinguish 
from [aol. The [uo*] form, dis- 
associated from the dental c/, is 
much more heard southward, in 
company with [ao*], and, very 
oc^isionally, [ao] ; the last pre- 
vailing duly south, and the 
former south-west, and west- 
ward from Leeds. These forms 
are, in town dialect, refined by 
(in [nuo'h'dhur] e, g.) the ab- 
sence of the [h'] and a change in 
the vowel-sound to [oa*] ; and 
(in [nao'h'dhur] e.g.) by a dis- 
missal of the fiual element of the 
vowel alone. 

Nub [nuob'l, v. a. and sb. to 
nudge; Mid. 

Numle [nuom-u'l], v. a. benumb; 
Mid. *My fingers is fair (are 
quite) nmiihd ' [Maa* fingguz iz* 
fu*h* nuom'u*ldJ. 

Nunc [nuonk*], uncle ; Mid. 

Nun scape [nuon'skup (and) 
skih''p]; or Anunscape [unuon* 
(jind) unun'skup (and) skih**p]. 
To be anunscape is to be in a 
fidgety, uneasy state ; gen. An 
alaimuig occurrence in a locality 
where relatives dwell will *set' 
a person * all o' f nunacapt-y to go 
there, to be certain about their 
welfare. Or, having little time 
in which to catch a train, a 



person will bo on the nunacape 
to be off. * Our lad 's awien- 
scape about going to the fair' 
[Oor* laadz* unuon-skup uboot* 
gaang'in tu t fe'b'r], [See An- 
omker in Atkinson's Cleveland 
Glossary. Lit., it means 'on 
the wish/ i. c very eager or 
desirous about a thing ; cf. Dan. 
ofiske, to wish.— W. W. S.] 

Vnnshon [nuon-shun], luncheon ; 

Viinty [nuon-ti], adj. stiff; formal; 

0' [o] and [ao], prep. Oi, in 
the sense of of; gen. In this 
character o' has a free idiomatic 
use, separating verb and pronoun. 
•Winnot (wiU not) thou let f 
baby cuddle (embrace) o* thee ? ' 
[Win-ut tu lit* t' baab-i 'kuod'u'l 
ao dhu ?] * What took (caused) 
him to go ? * * He went on him- 
self — because the fit took him 
[Waat* ti'h'k im* tu gaang* ? I 
wint* o izsen*]. 

Obstracklous [obst'raakius], a(^. 
used of one who is of wayward, 
masterful habits; Mid. 'He's 
ohatracklotis past biding (bide, 
V. a. to endure) ; he 'd do with a 
good hazeling now and then* 
fEez* obetVaak'lus paast* baa'd- 
m; id* di'h' wi u gi*h*d ez'ling 
noo* im* dhin*]. [Compare 06- 
stropdous, a common corruption 
of obetreperous, — ^W. W. 8.] 

Odd-house [od-* (and) uod'-oo'sl. 
A single dwelling, amid-land, 
always gets this name; gen. 
In some localities, the wora is 
almost synonymous with /arm- 
house ; dwellings of this character 
usually outljing the villages. 

Odling [odlin], remainder, — usu- 
ally applied to animals; Mid. 
* Two odlings of lambs ' [Tw:e' 
od'linz u laamz*]. 

Od-rabit! [aod-, aod--, aoh*'d-, 
(and) od'-raabit] ; or Od-rabit- 

lit I [ao'd-, aod'-, aoh*'d-, (and) 
od*-raab*it-lit],imprecatory formsL 
amoimting to a good mouthful 
each, and apt to be a little spleen- 
ish at times, but nothing more ; 
gen. The last form ( Wh. 01.) is 
employed in such a phrase as, 

* Od-rabiUlit o' t* like ! ' PAoh-'d- 
•raabit-'lit* ut* laa-kl. But here 
it happens that the final word of 
the form has a stress upon it, 
which is not usual. The first 
form is necessarily followed by a 

Od-rot ! [ao*d-, aod--, aoh*'d-, (and^ 
od* - rot*, raot*, rii'h't, (and) 
ruoh*'t]; or Od-rut! [ao'd-,aods 
aoh'*d-, (and) od*-ruot] : or Od- 
rat ! [ao'd-, aod'-, aoh''a-, (and) 
od'-raat']; or Drat! [d'raat']; 
or DrdatI [d'nih't]; wr DrotI 
[d*rot-, d'raot', d'ruoh''tl; or 
Drut I [d'ruot-, d*ruoh'*tJ, im- 
precatory forms in common use, 
but which carry no meaning; 

Ods-art! [ao'd-, aod'-, aoh-*d-, (and) 
od'z-aa't], interj. an exclama- 
tion of suiprise, wonderment, or 
alarm. Wh. OL ; Mid. The 
vowel of the last part of the 
word also interchanges with 

Odz-onnds ! [ao*d-, aod*-, aob''d-, 
(and) od'z-oonz'], a petty oath, 
employed in mock anger. Wh, 
QL ; gen. 

Of [of-, uof'], offspring. Wh. 
Gl. ; gen. * Is thU little one one 
of the off too, then P * [Iz' -dhis* 
laa-1 im' yaan' ut' of 'ti'h', 
dhin?] In this sentence, the term 
is used for children^ familiarly. 
Id each sense it is heard in the 
Leeds district, too, with some 

Off [of-, uof'], prep, associatwi 
T^itn on it (of it), in an idiomatic 
phrase, to denote a retrogarde 
stage of illness. Wh. 01. ; gen. 

* He had beffun to pick up a bit, 
bi'.t to-day he's off on 't again' 



Eld* bignon* tu pik* nop* u hit*, 
ut* tu-de* iz* uof* ont* ugih'n], 

OJbl [of'u'l, uof'u'l], sb. and adj. 
used of a worthless, ill-disposi- 
tioned person ; also of a tho- 
roughly idle one; gon. Oflfkly 
is also employed lK)th adverbi- 
ally ( ir/i. (//.)' and adjectivally. 
*He'd a nasty good-to-nothiug 
(good-for-nothing) offal y look 
with him * [Eed* u nnawti gih''d- 
tu-naowt uof'u'li li'h'k wi im*]. 

Offer [aof'ur], V. a. and sb. occa- 
sionally heard in the senses of 
BurrtudtTy and sacrifice ; Mid. 
One juvenile will say to another, 
in hiding from parent^j because 
of a misdeed, * Go and offtr thy- 
self before thou's made (com- 
pelled) * [Gaan* un* aofur dhisen* 
ufuoh''r dhuoz' mi'h'd]. * It 's 
a great offer to make for that 
mends (amends)* [Its* u gri'h't 
aof'ur tu maak* fu 'dhaat* monz*], 
a great sacrifice to make for so 
poor a return. 

Off-start [aof'-ste^h^t], commence- 
ment. The word is used in le- 
spect of action only. A book 
•begins ' hy off-starting with its 
preface; gen. 

Olden [ao'irdun], v. n. and v. a. 
to ago. Wh, Of. ; gen. 

Onnykin [aonikinz], adj. and 
noun -adj. any kind ; gen. This 
form is emplovcd, but s is usu- 
ally added, [in Early lilnglihh, 
the true Northern fonu is anikin. 
"We aLso find any kinnt'S, and 
even anys kinnes. — "W. W. S.] 

Onnymak [aon'imaak], adj. and 
noim-adj. any shape, form, sort, 
or kind ; gon. The plunil takes «. 

Orf [ao'h'f], applied to a nmnini,' 
sore on cattle. Wh, (JL ; Mid. 

Othergates [uodlnigi-h*ts], adv. 

otherwise ; in another manner ; 
by another way, literally or 
figuratively. Wh. 01, ; Mid. 

Othersome [uodlrusum], adj. 

other. in, 01. ; Mid. Tlio 
term is employed variously, but 
restrictedly, as noting something 
besides, or, as opposed to some. 
It is also in occasional use ellip- 
tically for other thing. 

Ouse [ooz', aowz], V. a. to bale, 
or iMDur out, in large measure. 
Wh. 01. ; gen. 

Onsen [aowz'un] ; or Owsen 
[aawz'un] ; or Gosen [ooz'un], 
sb. j)l. oxen. The two first forms 
are occasionally heard in Nid- 
dcrdale, but the last form is the 
usual one, and is general. Ous- 
harrows [aowz-aar-'uz], a larpo 
kind of harrow, used for break- 
ing the clods when the * fur * has 
been turned back, after a field has 
been fallow a season. Qua [ooz*], 
siny, is omploved in Mid-Yorks., 
but is only lieard at intervals, 
though, in the case of individ- 
uals, habitually. 

Ont o' t' head [oot- ut yiliM], 

adj. the customary equivalent 
for insane ; gen. ^ 

Onten [oot*u'n], adv. in. occa- 
sional use for onty meaning vnth- 
out, or not at home ; Mid. The 
])hrase Umtcfi door'[oot-un di'h'r] 
takes the place of out-of-doors, 

Onten [oot'u'n], has the sense of 
outy or outironfy and is possibly a 
contraction of the last form ; gen, 
* A load of sheep came withering 
down the lane, and one of ours 
was among the out ens * [U luo'h'd 
u shec'p kiuiin' widh'urin doo'n 
t luo'lfn, im* vaan* u oo'h'z 
waar uiiiaang* toot'u'nz]. Load 
is a colloquialism for a Lir«co 
number. In })road dialect speech, 
the immuuciation is [le'h'd]. 

Ont-end [oot'-indl, an outshot ; 
an outlet of any kind. Wh, 01. ; 

Ont-gate [oot*-gih't, (and) ^'eh*t], 
an outlet, or a short ])atliway, 
more or less enclosed, leading 
outwards from any defined place. 



Wh, 01. ; Mid. See its opposite 
term, Ingate. 

Ontly [cot -HI, adv. thoroughly. 
Wh. 01; Mid. *That hnish 
bides in the hand (remains in 
hand) a long time, lass, so we '11 
look for something being outly 
well done when it leaves it' 
[Dhaat* bruosh* baa'dfs it* aand* 
u laang* taa-m, laas*, se*h wil* 
li*h*k fu suom'ut bin* wee'l d:i'h*n 
win- it* li'hVz it*]. 

Ontmense [ootmen's], v. a. to ex- 
ceed, in relation to manners, or 
becomingness of habit ; gen. 

Ontray [ootre-h*], v. a. to out- 
shine ; Mid. 

Ontspend [ootspiii-d], v. a. to 
exhaust; gen. 

Ont-thrnst [oof-thruost], sb. and 
V. a. a projection ; to project ; to 
thrust out. Wh. 01, («ft.J; gen. 
In Mid-Yorks., the verb is more 
used than the substantive. Out- 
thruaten [oot-thruos*u*n] ( Wh. 
Gl,) is also the common form of 
the participle generally. 

Ouzel [ooz'ul], the blackbird ; 

Overwin [-AO'wh'win*], v. a. to 
overcome; gen. 

Ower [aow'h'r], v. n. and v. a. 
employed elliptically for, to ^ve 
over, or cease from; also, im- 
peratively, with a like meaning. 
Wh. 01. ; Mid. *It (the rain) 
will ower inow' [It* ul aow*h*r 
inoo'], will cease by-and-by. 
* Ounrihy hand a bit ! * [Aowh'r 
dhi aand- u bit*], stay your hand, 
or, hold on a little ! 

Oweranoe [aow*h*runs], overance^ 
or power of control. Wh. Of.; 
Miti. * lie's no owerance o* ^ 
lad ' f Koz* no'h' aowh*'runs u t* 


Ower-beyont [aowh'-biyaon*t, 

yuoii't, yuolr'nt], adv. over- 
II way ; giMi. 

Oweroatten [uowhVkosu'n (and) 

kis-u'n], V. a. and pp. overcast. 
Wh. Gl. ; gen. A verb is also 
current — [aowh*kest*], which is, 
at times, deprived of its final 

Ower*d [aowhM], adj. over, or 
past ; gen. to the county. * It's 
all ower'd with him ' [It's *yaal* 
aowh'd wi im]. This is a com- 
mon expression when a person is 
dead. Ower [aowh'] is employ- 
ed, too, but the participial form 
is much used. 

Owergate raowh*gih*t], a gato- 
stUe. Wh. 01. ; Mid. 

Owermickle raow-h'mik-u'l], 

over, or too much. Wh. 01.; gen. 
Old Mid- Yorkshire people also 
substitute muckle [muok'u'l] 
for the last word. 

Owermony [aowh*maon*i], over, 
or, too many. Also, colloquially, 
with the same rendering, as m 
the phrase, *It was one ower- 
mony for him' [It* wur yaan* 
aow'h'maon'i fiir* im*]. The last 
[ao] interchanges with [uo]. 

Owemice [aowh'naa's], adj. 'over,' 
or, too mce. Wh. (n.; gen. 

Owerset [aowh'sit* (and) set*], 
V. a. to overtask. Owersetten 
[aowh'sit'u'n (and) set'u'n], pp. 
Wh. 01. (pp.); gen. The verb 

^ is very common ; and the parti- 
cipial form is also employed for 
it (apart from the infinitive mood) 

Owerwelt [aow-h'welt*], v. a. and 
sb. to overturn completely. WK 
Gl. (pp. and sb.) ; gen. To over- 
turn m a backward direction is 
to rigwelt [rig*welt] ; [from rig, 
the back; welt being the A.§. 
wcpltatiy to roll, tumble, cognate 
with G. xoalzen, whence our walU. 
— AV. W. S.] A lad wiU com- 
plain to parents that he has been 
way-laid by an associate, and 
rigurlted, — laid on his back, at 
unawares, or as the result of a 
tuodle. And so a sheep is said 



to be rimoelted when overturned, 
and Tmable to rise, from its weight 
of wool. Welt is also employed 
Willi what may a^jpear to lie a 
similarity of meaning to that of 
owerwelt, but there is the differ- 
ence attaching to the latter form, 
that it implies a complotene:3s iu 
regard to the action indicated. 
A cart is welted, or upturned, iu 
order to dischargo its load ; but it 
is only overwelted when ontiroly 
oyerturned for repairs, or by an 
act of mischief. Yet again, there 
are ways of employing the 8im])lo 
word so as to convey quite the 
sense of the compound, as in the 
phrase, * Welt it ower,* or * clean 
ower ' fNVelt- if tli'h'n aowF]. 

Oxter [oks-t'ur], the armpit. Wh. 
01. ; gen. 

Packman [paak'maan], a pedlar. 
Wli. GL ; gen. 

Packrag-day [paak-raag-di-h*] . 
The day a^r Martinmas-day is 
BO called, familiarly ; being the 
day when servants who are about 
to change places pack up and 
leave. \Vh» 01,; gen. 

Pad [paad'], a frog ; gen. 

Padding-can [paad'in-kaan], a 
common lodgring - house ; Mid. 
In the Leeds dialect, ken [ken'J 
is used vulgarly of any dwelling 
or locality ; but it is most usual 
to associate the term with any- 
thing disreputable, or mean. A 
pig-aty, is * t' pig-ken ; ' a dog- 
kenncly *t' dog-ken,* and so on. 
[A'ctj is the usual cant term for 
a house; common in London. 
It is a gipsy word, viz. the 
Eastern khmK—^y. W. S.] 

Paddynoddy [paadinodi], an ac- 
count, or narration at length. 
JVh, 01. ; gen. At times, short- 
ened to paddy, 

PaddjTWatch [paad'iwaach] ; or 
Paddy [paad'i], an almanac; 

Pajf [paagg-J, v. n. to toil, fami- 
harly; Mid. *What, pagging 
at it yet!' [Waat*, paagg'in 
aat* it* yut* I] Peg [pegg-J is 
the town form ; but is also used 
as a V. a., to hurry, 

Paigle [pe-h'gu'l],a cowslip ; ^lid. 

Pai'k [pe-h*k], v. a. to beat; Xidd. 

Pairage [p:e'hrij], equality; Mid. 

Pall [pao'iri], v. a. to puzzle; Mid. 

Palm [puo'li'm], v. a. to climb 
straif^htlv, with Hueh action that 
the open liands (and not the arms) 
are put to most bti-oss. Wh. 01, ; 
Mid. A person is said to climb 
[tlim*] a tree ; to swarm [swaa*m] 
up a polo, and to siuarhle 
[swaa-bu'l] down again. Palm, 
as employed auhatantively, for 
the inner part of the hand, is 
pronounced in the same way. 
Palm is also commonly heard m 
relation to the hand itself. * Give 
us hold of thy jtawml* [Oi uz* 
aoh*'d u dhi puo'h'm], give mo 
hold of thy hand! or, lot me 
shako hands with you. 

Palm-cross-day [puo-li'm-kruos*- 

di"h'], a name to denote Palm- 
ISuHdayy when (and during Pas- 
sion - week) crosses, mado of 
{jalm-twigfl, are displayed about 
louses, and aro called palm- 
er osst-s. ]Vli, 01. ; Mid., whore 
the custom but lingers in locali- 

Pan [paan*], v. n. to frame. 
117*. 01.; gen. In some cases, 
this ex]>lanatory word must be 
substituted, though as a word 
pertaining to the dialect, where 
it is employed idiomatically (and 
pronounced [fro'h'm]), it is suf- 
fieiontly expressive. Thus, in 
pan till, one of the commonest 
expressions on Yorkshire lips, 
there is the meaning of the dialect 
frame to, but the equivalent in 
understandable English would 
bo 8tit to. This is a mild case of 
idiom, however, and at a longer 



Htretch in this diroction, ^hon a 

Terb is left to bo uudoretocHl, 
jHin and 'frame' soom to Iulto 
still Iws in common. When a 
newly-modo coat is being in- 
epoctod on the owner's back, tho 
Tomarfc will bo mudo, that it 
pans well — -'framps to fit well' 
being the dialoct equivalent, and 
fill well as tho phrase wowld bo 
understood in ordinary Bpeoch. 
A servant having loll an old 
place for a new one docs not pan 
well to it — is inapt, in regard to 
the duties of hor new puation. 
Pan ia also employed aubelan- 
tieety, as in thu complimontary 
sentence 'Thou's had b faith- 
ful pan at it, my lass ! ' [Dhuoz' 
od' u <ih''thfuol poon' aat' it', 
maa laas'], you havo had an 
hi>neat spoil at it, my girl ! 
Panaer is also in idonbcal and 
frequont u«s. A 'good panner' 
is one able to set well to work ; 
and, at timoH, the term is used 
for taorkrr. ' Ho is a good 
paniifT-tul when there is work 
todo' [Eez- u gih''d paan'u-tuol" 
win' dliuz" wait'k tu <U'h']| is a 
good Bottlor-to, &c,— willing and 
able, and going the richt way 
about the work in hand, or, re- 
ferred to. 

f anoll [paansh'], v. a. and sb. to 
crush, with sudden force; Uid. 

Tankin [paan^'kitij, a Ur<^Q earth- 
en ware vosst^l, U/i. 0(, ; gen. It 
is a voBBol of varying size, used 
for the household broad, and the 
Tarious requirements of the 
pantry or dairy. There are, too, 
the ' water -iMiiiitin' [waat-'ur- 

fkr.i'h'm-puangkin], &c. An 
Irish reapor calls the same ar- 
ticle a ' pan-crock.' 

Pannol [paanil], a cloth, or pock- 
onddle. Wh. at.; Mid. 

Puuhoa [paau'shun], a laigo 
earthenwaitt roesel; Mid. S 

ZuiBtU [paa'lua], adj. dangeroi 

perilous. Wk. 61. ; gaa, 
Pan-Iit-on'tt [ima-s-lit-uont], .in 
imprecatory form, employed witli 
Bome ill-meaning, but aot under- 
stood. Wh. Gl. 1 Mid. [Mean- 
ing ' a pox light on it ; — very 
common in old plays.— W. W. H.] 
Paah [paasL], V. a., v. n., and sb. 
Tho Wh. al. rouders this word 
by smash. It is in general utw, 
and rarely approaches this mean- 
ing. Wnon it does, the word 
smash must bear emphacie, and 
its correspondence becomeii duo 
in a degree to its advontitious 
character. The verb to path, in 
the more recognised sense, bears 
reference not so much to the 
action as to the doer of the 
action, and tho implication of 
violence resta with the doer. 
To pash a thinp is not neces- 
sarily to cause it to break, but 
to hurl or dash it violently, frum 
a short distance. [For examples, 
eoe I'ash in Bichardson, &c. — 
\V. W. a.j To -paih about,' is 
to rave about ; to ' push out ' 
at a duor, is to dush out : to 
' jKish at' a door, is to dash 
agitinat it violently, with tho 
body, or the whole of tho foot ; 
to jNU/i upstairs or down, is to 
stamp heavily in walking, but 
doos not necessarily imply rapid 
motion. A woman ^pushes at' 
another ' with her tonguo,' in 
an onslaught of abuse ; a walker 

Ealon^ ' at a poshing gate ' 
''t], with a heavy tread, at a 
Lu^ Bjxjod ; and a cart which 
is being tiltod, at last gws 
' pKtAdown,' oonvoniently, doing 
damage to nothing. 
Push [poosk-] ; or Fodi [posh-], 
a state of soppiness, as a grass 
field after contmuous rain ; gen. 
' All o' a jw«A ' [Yaal- u u -posh']. 
Pash [paash'l, a state of rottea- 
noHs. WLGl.; gea. Tho same 
idea (us is illustrated above) at- 
taches to this Bubstantive, wnidi 



18 not used of every object in a 
state of rottonno88 ; nor is it in 
its partial use associated with 
anyming unbroken. A rotten 
apple, for example, is not spoken 
ot as piuh while it remains whole 
on tho tree, or in the hand ; but 
when it falls, or is thrown down, 
and bursts, exposing its state 
^oroughly, then there is the 
name oi pash for it at once. The 
common proverb, *as rott^'ii as 
posh,* is best understood in this 
strict sense. 

Passing [paasin], WHicn a person 
is at the point of death, the 
neighbours attend in the cham- 
ber, and occupy themselves de- 
votionally. This service, or time, 
is called, the Passing; Mid. 
When death takes place, the 
ceremony is at an end, and the 
usual matronly offices are per- 
formed by those present. Allur- 
wards, all sit down to an nbiiud- 
ant table, and there is a feast 
without much noise. 

Passion [paashnuil, employed as 
a V. n. ; gen. * What^s thou go 
passioning about in that way for : 
thou can make no better of it 
[AVaats* tu gaan* paash'nin 
uboots* i 'dhaat' wi'h' fur* ; dhoo 
kim* maak' nih* bet''ur ut']. 

Pate [pi'h't, pe*h*t], the top of 
the head. /FA. GL ; gen. 

Pate [pe'h't], a badger ; gen. 

Patter [paat-'ur], v. n. and v. a. 
to tread. * Patter down, * to tread 
down. Patterment [i)aat''u- 
mint], sb. footprint. Pattering 

tpaat**u*rin], sb. footstcj) (ad 
loard). /r^. (?/. ; Mid. Patter, 
Bb., also, indicutiug a thorouglily- 
trodden state — all over ft)ot- 
prints. *It's all patter^ [Its* 
yaal* paat''ur]. * It's path'r now ; 
it will be blatlier to-morn ' [Its* 
paat*'ur n<x)* ; it*u 1 bi blaadh'u 
tu - muo'h'n], it will be soft 
puddle to-morrow. 

Pawk [paoh''k], impertinence ; 

pertness. Pawky, adj. \Vh, 
(it. ; gen. Is also in use as an 
active verb (usually followed by 
at), and slightly as a vf^h neuter, 
* I)(m't begin to pawky now ! ' 
[Diirut bigin* (or * start* [staa't, 
ste'h't]) tu paoh''k, noo]. 

Peak Q>i'h'k], sb. and v. a. 'of- 
ft'nce, umbrage, or, as tlie spell- 
ing suggests, pique ; gen. 'lie's 
taken a peak at somewhat ' [Eez* 
teh'n u pi'h'k ut* suom'utj, has 
taken umbrage, or oifence at 
something. * He 's peul-al about 
somewhat' [Ecz* prh'kt uboot' 
siiom'ut], offended about some- 

Pearch [])i'h'ch], v. a. employed 
in the sense often attachcul to tho 
veil) to search, coUoquiallj', in re- 
lation to the weather, when j>ene- 
trutinglv cold. * It fair ^earches 
to the Done to-ni^ht — it's that 
raw-cold' [It* fo'h'r ju'h'chiz tu 
t bi'h'n (and [be'h'n] ref. but 
common) tu-neet* — its* *dhaat* 
rao'h'-kaoh''d]. It quite searches 
{pierrts does not suggest itself as 
so apt a word) one to tho bono 
to-mght, the air is so raw and 
cold. A severe time of this 
nature is called, in somewhat 
droll stj'le, * a pea rcherJ Pearch- 
ing, mlj. {M'fi, 01.) * It was 
jiiutrching cold at the fore-end of 
(diiniig the early part of) the 
iiiglit ' [It* vrav* pi'h'ch'in kao'h'd 
ut" t fuor'-ind* ut* neet*]. [This 
reminds one of Milton s use of 
parching; Par. Lost, ii. 6&4: 

" The parching air 
Bums frore, and cold performs 
til' elFect of fire." 

— W. W. S.] Fore has two other 
vulgar foims [fuo*h*r, faor*], 
and a gmdation of refined ones 
[fur-, fu*r, faoh'r, fao*r] which, 
to the native ear, are essentially 
distinct from the former, even 
where there is little dissimilarity 
in pronunciation relatively. An- 
other fonn may bo added, [foa*r], 

•1 :.- 1.: :.-r ■:;.- > i...T«*i ihat in Mid-Ynrks. 

>• " L- ri_> > :: :> :i:.T»-.>5s:bi«? xiOT to rfi.'<>«riii>o 

:T» =•: iL^-iti-T j2 charaitor, crtjxjci- 
fcjT i:: ■•"•rzitii's conversation. 
\V.Tl:i-.'i ii- Miiidltr Knglic*h to 

• ■ C'f si-:T»: :fcl5»r' comvthe wW and 

— . r 

T:.r H rs. Tho Shopo. and the 
'- rj;*^. ; in r- 1::. Evl. and IjOVO 
r.nnsN. t*i. y-.irr.iT:ill. p. 16. It 
:• -■ \': "w-.ih Gorm. jk/z. — 
W W. >.- 

Iier *>.li *.::'. v. a., v. n.. and 

f'r. T-/.: ; iT.:.. "It came such 
.: i .•••■•'* ?-'h a tom-nt' Tit* 
i.. . . n. s.. " V •£ :. u j-^^ 1 't ur] . ' He 's 
>.-.•_ ;.-''-~^ • !■:* .•-'1. me with 
>:.:.:>/ •^\'i.v. :hoT wore oulv 
::.-. sijc . : l;fci> ' ^hail>tone>) 
^ y ■. .- • *: : :. ■ j - 1 ■: ' u'riu a« ui* m u 
T»: >:-. 1'i.r. W^a'yii. dhu wu 
r.;*.*: "..: : ":•• k* u a.ijr*strh"'uz]. 

Tt£ ' : .^ V. :.._..>.::.;. perceiTasce /.*.:>: hvunsl. piM-- 

?r.. «;.".: i:fn. The 
Tv^i'l'v" is als..i in use, but 
:. .» '^■rv ?"-:j:1.: txrt.r.t o»m pared 
tr-.:".. ::> ■.:v.:1.a-:;a:.: in ordmarj' 
5: r -:•/::. 1: :<i..u.h c*intintHl to 
:.-.jr..:.v; -v: :::::,..<>. is fvlt to bo 
&:: -.•_:;:v.\^l t-nii. and a sc^ber 
i..-..i :.:::: :< lu: i\iT\'ly attached 
:•■•,:. A Vnitx '-t will thus deliver 
b.::;.* *.:". :•_ :r\«:;y. t*.» a uhihi who 
h^# I \\ :: :::.iki::j: vxcu^e tV>r nejr- 
^,,:"u'. i.-.:;liiot: • Xay, bainu 
:"-.'".; _•-'"■-.. ^ * notl lin jr ; thi lU a 
r. ; •.:-■-/.: v in th».t» : th<»u 's 

Felf >*: '. .-. :.••" ;-x:.\xaI .-:: tv-yt^/i!- >':e-h". K-hn, dhoo 
,i \\. •.'./. '.vvx '.v:^. v. . M..'.. j'.:>:::*v< r.aowt : dhuoz* ne*h' 

Fell '. . '.: \ >*\./. ii .•". I:: jv.s:V.v::::5! i dhu; dhuoz* tuop" 

P"4*rcc ' : ": ^■^. - - .'. :"• : :■: 

.• • ~* ■ _^". . .'. >.x . — .;.->"^.— . 

i -'...->■. V. jT :.. I 

• • -- " '.".."•-- ■• ,- ■ ■», 

•,-■.,- — .- - - >;, -■ .-*,■■■■'■■ 

' ' ' ^ • . . \ ' • •-■ V ' 

■ " * 1 « 

r - ■ ^ ^ • ■.-«,■ ■•,».- ^w- 

* • Ik. * • • . • - ' " - • ■ ^ 

»- >, ■ - ■■ ■ .« • • ■ •'•« - ^ ' - -.,.-.. 


• ■ ■ k « 

«. - * ■l'^ ■ ■ • • V ' -K • •^ 

• a « ■ 

A- - ^ « . • 

■ • « • . . ■ 

• • • • ^« 1 ^ ■ • > . 

>\- •.-.'' V: :■...< :" .- -*■:■.>-,■> .■.•^,- 

%9 *^ *.^ * .^^ ■• . • ••- » • . ••■ -V-' 

« ■ ^» • • • • • t « 

M.ik''. Vv which the child under- 

^^... v.-.p .^. "v ...', x^v... ^./.. ^:.i■.■..:^ tbiit ho has no eiiual in 

li.v t. V '. 1 .;n. V...\\ov:\ a >:r.vVr Perilhmcnt [pori.shnient], a 

.ii".'"-..-,i: ■..".; :,' tV.o >k'.*.; or V.ivlc severe cv^ld. ^^ It. 01, : gen. To 

^«i' .;'. V .'.N I'.o n :. ... perish, v. a. is to be in a state 

In'."., -v. /• U.". v.-*. t,;:'.. ai-.vl c^.'r" it starvation fivm cold. *If 

. \o III'. , \'. hi. •.:'.■. Ts'*.:'" s^vv.'.s th^'U ^vs out to-ni^ht it will 

:iU.» it« i«'.'.i''.\ :l'.i>. NV::h n\;Mr\l />n«'. ihei»' [If' dhuo gaanz* 

(o tho ruial t v't' >%v'i\ls. ivirti- i.vt* tu-ncot* it*u*l perish dhnj. 



'We have got hold of some 
perittiivg -weaOier mt lust — it 
would periih a toad to doatli' 
[Wi git'u'naoli''d u suom' jroriah- 
in Tvidh'ur ut- lanHt- — it' ud" 
periah u t«']i'd tu di'h'tb]. Oo 
the part of broad dialect speakers 
there is a great teudcucy to mako 
. the first Towel in this word [uo], 
and the actual interchouge is 
oft«D most distinct. 
Pettle [pet-ul], T. a. and v. n. to 
cling in a g«ntle fondling man- 
ner, vith a light embrace ; Mid. 
The K'A. 01. quotes the t«rm, 
and makes a reference to clag. 
But this word tyony^ya a coarser 
idea, and is not usually substi- 
tuted- Any adhesive subHtanco 
in contact with an object i-hga, 
and a child dags to mother's 
skirt ; but, in each rebilion, 
pettUt could not be employed 


a hunb and a sheep together, it 
will be said of the fonnor, that 
'it pettltt with its bead against 
the old one' [it- pet-u'lz wi its" 
yi'h'd ugih''n t ao'h'd un'], plays 
with the bead about the nock of 
the old one, or rubs head ^ith it. 

Pengll [piw], V. n. indicating tlio 
action, consequent on a bout of 
laboured breathing. At such 
times, afflicted people are in the 
habit of pujijin^ the lips, and 
blowinR, for rebef; and this is 
peugbing[piw'in] : Mid. 'Poor 
old man ! be does pcffand icm/A .'' 
[I'uo-Vrao-h'dmaan-! idiz-pt-f 
un" piw]. Peff, to . breathe 
shortly and spasmodically, mov- 
ing the lips, changes its vowel, 
[paaf, pif"]. while maintaining 
tne same sense. 

Fewder [piwJ'ur], pewter ; gen. 
Id soiite houses, the diuner- 
srrvice of jdutes, dishes, 4c., 
consista almost entirely of this 
old-fashioned ware. 

Pewit [jiiwit], the lapwing ; gen. 

Pey [paey], v. n. and occasioiiiilly 

a T. a. to exert the body, in 
walking, at a fast pace ; Mid, 
This ia the usual appbcation 
of the word ; the sense in 
which it is understood referring 
to the act of locomotion. 'I 
mot him coming along, peying 
at all iwers' (all overs) [Aa' 
mot- im" kuo'min ulaang' paey in 
ut* yaol' iv'uz], at ' no end ' of a 
pace. In the present participle, 
a miund like a faint guttural, or 
rough aspirate, precedes the end- 
ing. But tho verb dues not cen- 
tum this feature. 

Pick [i)ik-'',v. a.andsb. to pitch; 
to push.' II'A. Gl. (vb.): gen. 
Pick-ower [pik--aowh'r] is aa 
usual a substantive fonru. ' He 
gave him a jiiik, aud over he 
went' [Eo gaav' im" u pik-, un* 
aow'h'r i wint-]. ' Oivo bim a 
pick - ower' [Gi im' u pik'- 
oow'b'r], knock bim down. 

Pick [pik'], V. n. and v. a. to 
quarrel, or rebuke sharply. ICS. 
Oi. ; gen. ' Iton't jiirk so * 
[Dih'nt pik- se-h']. ' They pick 
and peck at one another the day 
through ' [Dho pik' un' pek' ut" 
yaan" unidh'ur t di'b' tbruof-]. 

Pick [pik-], v. n. and v. a. to 
vomit. II'A. (//. ; gen. 

Pifle [paafu'l], V. n. and occa- 
sionally a V. n. to pilfer. Wh. 
01. ! lilid. 

Pike [pnayk-, pna'k], a largo cock 
of hay ; gen. 

Piketkank [paaykUinnngk], 
pickthank ; gen. Tliis word does 
not follow tho rule in respect 
of cbanictoristic vowel- changes. 
The rf^b^ntion of the oidinury 
vowel o [aa] is unusiiid, e [e] 
being sulistituted. 

Pikle [pan'ku'l], v. n. and v. a. 
to pick fiHHl daintily in eating, 
and to cat Lttle, afti^ tlie mannvr 
ofinvalids. Wh.ilL Thomean- 
iiig aiipenilc^l is that current in 
Uid-i'orkshirc, wlioru it is not 



restricted in lue to Uie liabita of 
cattle, OS is apparently inilicat^l 
in Qxo 01. Tike long > «nund 
noted there {but really a short 
element, [paayfc-nl]), and in 
other such words, is the refined 
Bound in Mid-Yorks., Niddor- 
dale, and the north and north- 
west of the connty generally. 

Pimp [pimp'], V. n, to indulge 
a aqueamish appetite ; Mid. 
Fimpery rpim-pnri], adj, 
•queamish, with reepect to food. 
It will be said of a cow, that sho 
is ' jiifiipery- stomached ' [pim'- 
puri - etuom'ult]. Pimping 
[pirn -pin] is usually employed 
superiativoly, with the same 

Pilik[pingk'1, V. a. andsb. to toss, 
by an eiTort which requiros the 
power of both arms; Mid. 'He 
pinked it clean over the hedge' 
[Ee pingkt- it" tli'h'n aowh'r t 
idj]. 'l)id he push theo into f 
dj-ko?' 'Nay. 'b&piukfd mo iu' 
ruid- i pish- dhu intu t daak? 
Ki'h', i ping-kt mu in'], 

Pinsook [pinuk], v. n. and v. a. 
to perch at an edec. or point ; 
Mia. 'Look at yon bairn where 
it's piuiiorkiag. Go to it, before 
it tumbles' [Li-h'k ut" yaon" 
bo'h'n wi-h'r its' pin'ukin. 
Gaang' tiv' it', ufuo^U'r it" 

Finny [pin-i], a contraction of 

FijULysbOT [pin-islii-ir, (and) 
shao"h' (ref.)], a child's peep- 
show. 11'*. 01. ; gen. The 

charge for a peep is a jiin, 
under oitrnordinnry circuui- 
stancoa of novelty, two pins. 
The prononciations indicated be- 
long to adults. Chitilrcn and 
young people ^nerally usually 
adopt [sbaow] for the last word. 
Fis'le [pis-ul], Jit. an epfdh; n 
narration of any kind ; Mid. Of 
a wordy woman, it will be said, 
tiiat she 'went naggering on 

WU that it would 

listen to' [win't naag'u'rin aon' 
wi u loang' pis'ul ut it' ud' a 
taaynid u 'aos- tu staan* uu' 
lisni'n tiv-]. [The initial « ia 
likewise dropped in Icelandic; 
cf, Icel. pittill, an epistle, — 
W. W. 8.] 

Pit [pit'], a fmitstone ; Mid. 

Fitch [pich']. Wlien a miner's 
arrangement is to rcocive remu- 
according to the weight 

IB to work by measurement, he 
is ' goiug by t band ' ; Nidd. 

Plain [plih'n], T. n. b> lament; 
to complain, out more varied in 
application than this word. Wh. 
01.; gen. Tho Gt. has the two 
apt ilhistratioDs: "Tbeyai'oal- 
■waya plaining poverty [Dhur- 
yaulTis pli'h'nin jiuoT-utit "A 
good pMaeT"[U gi'h'd pliVnur], 
a good beggar. Also adding 
plaint, sb. complaint, which in 
likewise in general nae. The 
verb is spelt ' vleaii ' by local 
writers, agreeably with tho usual 
pronunciatiou, but as the refined 
form [ple'h'n] identifies itself iu 
pronunciation with tho word 
pLiin, whether this is a simple 
word or compounded, it seems 
nnneccssan' to make any change 
in tho spelUng. 

Pluh [plnnsh-], v. a., v. n., and 
sb. to splash. Wh. Ql. ; gen. 
This form is, however, much less 
used than blaah [blaoHh']. In 
town, or Bouthom dialect, it ia 
not heard at all. 

PlcWf [pli'h'i] ; or Flttf [pluofl ; 

Thev i 



b^etlier ignored b^ old people. 
As a mibetaiitive, this form would 
be highljr improper in such a 
sentence ae * I am goins to 

fa^h now; what plmtyh uare 
to take F ' .which would be : 
[As'z gaa'intupliw'noo'; woat" 
plih-'( ev I tu taak- ?] 

Pleat [pUft] ; or Plet [plet-l ; 
or Plit [plit-] ; or Plat [plaat-J. 
Theeo are ail forma of pliit, in 
common uee. Tho firat is the 
Oflual atihttavlitv form, but IB 
nlso need as a vtrb, as aro the rest. 
The last also conveys tho past 
tenae. The third fonn, though 
occejnonally heard olsowhere, is 
the one proper to Mid-Yorks. 
Pttl ie gcnenxl to town dialect, too. 

Flauah [plinishl, v. a. to rc- 
pleniab ; to fill; to furnish, 
Fleniabiii^, (sb. ] fumifihing ma- 
terial of any kind. Wh. 01.; 
Mid. ' /"/miift that baim her larl 
water-kit' [Plin-ish dhont'bo-h'n 
ur laa'l wajit''ur-kitj, her httlo 
water-bucket, ' This rain will 
OTer-pitnifA the dykoa' [Dhis- 
rih'n u'l aowh'r - plimsh t 
daa-ks], will over-fill the ditches. 
'They will hide nemo jilenii/iinij' 
[Dhel- bead suom' pUn-ishin], 
will tako Borne filling. 

Pleugh [pliw-l; or PUngh 

fplaewl; or Plough [ploo-l; 
w Plfiagh [pli-h'], T. a., V. n„ 
and sb. plough. Those nro all 
ICeneral forme. Plough nud 
Plough are the eonimoncHt; the 
fintof which is usually employed 
OB tho Ruhxtantive, but it in not 
put to &-equuut use. See Pliaf, 

Pluat [pluoh''t], V. a. to pluck, 
or strip, as of foiithers ; also, 
fSguratively, to plunder ; to run- 
sack. II7>. 07.; Mid. 

Pledge [i>I<.j-, phioj-], V. n. "to 
plunge ul> and dnwn in water 
with tho fuot," H7i. 01. This 
explanation only appruxiiiuitcs 
to coiTCctnCBB in relation to Mid- 

Torks. and Kidderdale, where 
the meaning is not so restricted. 
One who makes way through 
puddle without any soft et«pa 
plodgu. Tho word is also com- 
mon as a auMiiiitive. ' IIo gave 
a groat fJiulgr with his foot, and 
blathered (bcniired) me all over' 

tEe gaav n pih't ploj- wiv iz* 
■h't, un' bliuidh'ud mu vnol' 
nowh'r]. Plodgy, aiij. ' Look 
at that niggletiiil, what viodgy 
deed he's making there I' [Li'h'fc 
ut" dhiuit' rang-u'lti"h'l, waat" 
ploj-i deed" (mid [dcj-d*]) ia- 
muak'in dhi'h'r 1], what ijplwihinir 
work, &c. ■" !■ K 

Plook [plook-]' a pimple. IFA. 

,ook [plot. 

67.; Mid. 

PlOBb rplosh', plnoshO, v. n. and 
sb. Ploihy [plosh-i], a^. Wh. 
01. ; gou. Any hght feet may 
vhtlt their way, and call for pity, 
out when thoy begin to ' ploilge' 
wilfully, or stupidly, after Uie 
manner of a elmnsy - gaitcd 
porwm, then rebuke Irecomos 

iiiMtifiiible. Plniik is much more 
leanl than ' pledge.' and, as a 
auliNtantivp, boars relation to an 
object as well UH an action. rio»k 
is anything of tho nature and 
conhiistoncy of puddlo, into which, 
if a hnety foot bo placed, or a 
stick let fall, there results a jiloah. 

Plowder fplaowd'ur] ; or Plowd 
[pluow-d]. T. n. to jiloil on an 
impeded way, as thiwigh dirt, 
or refiLW ; Wid. Plowderer 
[plaow-d'uni], and plowder 
[]iIaow-d'ur], she. Tbero aro 
otlier f<mns, cuhuiiI to this dis- 
trict, Init more giiuenil north- 
wanls — fplno-li'dl Tb., rpluc)'h'd- 
'ur] Tb. and ab. [I'l.K.'d'ur] ie 
also a fonn tho verb takes. This, 
in Mid-Yoi'ki^., is a more usual 
one than thg pits't'ding forma 
noU'iI. The vcTli and d.-riv.itivea 
are mnch used figuratively. 

Plug [pliiogl, V. n. to loiiJ, or 
stack with the ' griiw,' or dung- 



fork. * We shall have to go to 
plug muck to-mom' [Wi sul* e 
tu gaang' tu pluog' muok* tu- 
muo'h'n], to load with manure 

Plngger [pluog'ur], applied to 
anything very large ; Mid. 

Plunk [pluongk*], the body of 
grass within a so-callod * fairy' 
^^9 ! ' g®i^* Also joined to o/, 
and used in such phrases as, * A 
plunk o* folk' [U pluong'k u 
faowk*], a gathering of people. 
* A plunk o* trees * [U pluongk* 
u tnh'VJ, a dump of trees. 

Plnther [pluodh-ur] ; or Plnther- 
ment [pluodh'umont, (and) 
mint], applied to any liquid that 
is mixed with foreign matter, or 
is in a greatly muddled state. 
Pluthery, adj. Wh. GL ; gen. 
The contents of a thickly- 
Bcummcd, stagnant pool would 
he associated with one or other 
of these words. 

P6at [piuo'h't (but quite often 
shori)]j V. n., v. a., and sb. This 
is a word "^"ith a nice but well- 
imderstood meaning. The Wh, 
GL has, ** to push slightly at any- 
thing with a stick or the hand. 
Also, to jwint the ground, as the 
phrase is, with a stick in walk- 
mg. * He now ^nspoatinff about 
with a stick,' uses a walking- 
stick." In Mid-Yorks. and Nid- 
dordalo the word at all times 
means to put or throw out the 
foot, in a ventui'osome way, 
always implying a light action. 
It is also in use substantively. 
An infant's playful kicks are 
pouts. The action of pawing, 
like a horse, is also indicated 
by the same word. It is not 
often omi)lo5'ed in relation to 
adults, and in usage is fre- 
quently boldly figurative. The 
word in town dialect having 
a correspondence in meaning is 
pawt [pao'h't], and this pronun- 
ciation 18 also casual to the north. 

P oddish [pod-ish], porricTgo. 
That is to say, *■ oatmeal thickens ' 
[waat'm:ih*l thik'unz] ; gen. A 
hound's mess of flesh and oat- 
meal is also favoured with tho 
name of poddish. There are 
some few other forms receiving 
a similar termination ; cahhaye 
becomes [kaab'ish], manaye 
[maan'ish], morrice [mor'ish], 
liquorice [lik'urish], &c., but the 
words are not numerous. 

Podge [poj*, puoj'], " Afat, dirty 
person." Uli, 01. ; gen. This 
IS a common meaning, but, as 
an epithet, the term is as freely 
bestowed, in a good-natured man- 
ner, upon children of a fleshy 
appearance, as upon the parti- 
cular object indicated. 'Come 
hither, thou old podye, and I '11 
be the kissing of thee to death ! * 
[Kuom* idh'ui* dhoo ao'h'd poj* 
un* Aa'l bi t* kuos'in ao dhu tu 
di 'h'th I ] . The preposition of also 
follows the verb idiomatically 
when there is a pronoun to come 
immediately after. Fodye is also 
a V. n. denoting the heavy irre- 
gular gait usual to very fat 

Poke ; or Poak [puo-h'k], a sack, 
or long bag of any kind. Used 
also in figure. Wh, Gl, ; gen. 
to the county. 

Pome8onrpuoh*'m-sun,8u'n, (and, 
habitually from some speakers,) 
sum, (and) su'm]. jPalm-Sunday 
is thus corrupted in parts of 
Mid-Yorkshire and the north. 
At Stokesley, a fair, held on the 
Saturday preceding this festival, 
is known as * Fomeson Fair.' 
Southward, the vowel in Palm 
is as distinctly [ao*] — [Pao'h'm- 

Poo [puo*], V. a. and sb. to pull. 
[Puo'd], puUed. Upper Nidd. 
This is a Craven form, and may 
be heard in the mining-dales 
north-west, where other words 
have a similar treatment 



Poooh [pooclr], V. a. to poach; 
gun. An exceptional prouimcia- 
Son for the class of word. It is 
employed in the Leeds district, 
too, with the like pocnliurity. 

Popple [pop-u'l, puopni'l], the 
common poppy of the cornfields. 
mi. Gl. ; gen. 

Porate fpuore-h't]; or Potate 

[puote'n't], potatoo ; gen. 

Porringer [puor-inju, purinju 
(ref )J, apphed to a roimd-shapotl, 
bnlmng metal or earthen yossel, 
with a pipe-handle. It is used 
for children's messes, and also 
for heating food. Wh .Gl., where 
the description slightly varies; 

Pom [pos*], V. a. and v. n. to 
mix I to agitate, or dash about, 
as with a pestle, or staff. IFh. 
OL ; gen. Many of these com- 
mon verbs are employed as sub- 
stantiyes, but in an unmistak- 
ably humorous way. This word, 
for example. * Thou 11 make a 
voM of it before thou 's done ' 
[Dhoo'l maak* u 'pos* on* t 
ufuoh-'r dhooz' di-h'nj. Posskit 
(Wh, Gl,)f acoven)d tub, used in 
poBsing, or clcan}<ing linen, &c., 
the p<js8,oT posser, being a wooden 
pin *' with a thick knob ut the 
immersed end, and worked 
through a hole in the lid." ( Wh, 

Poft-hoxLse [paost*- (and) puost*- 
00* 's], post-office. Wh.Gl,; Qon, 

Poiy [puo'h'zi, paoh'^zi, pao'zi], 
a nosegay. ]Vh. 01. ; gen. The 
two last pronunciations are in 
the order of their refinement. 

Potter [pot**ur], v. a. to fumble ; 
to engage in anything requiring 
much manipulation, or a fuHsy 
movement of the hands. Wh. 
01, (part.) ; gen. 

Ponk [puok], a pustule ; gen. 

Pow [paowj, the head, familiarly. 
Wh. 01. ; Mid. 

Pownd [prao-wnd], pond; goii. 
A peculiar pronunciation. 

Pratter [praat-'ur], v. n. and sb. 
to prate ; Mid. 

Pratty [praat-i] ; or Prntty 
[pruot'i] ; or Purty [puor-ti], 
adj. forms oi jmity ; gen. The 
first form {Wh. Gl.) is most used, 
and is general to the north. 
PrdtUy as a word, is limited in 
use, being ehieliy heard in con- 
nection with certain words and 
unchangeable phrases. 

Prannge [praoh'nj], a time of 
wild enjopnent ; Mid. * Wo 
bad a rare day's j)rauiif/e, of it* 
[Wi d* u re*h' di'hz prao-h'nj 
on* t], 

Preace [pri'irs], sb. and v. a. the 
pix)nunciation of pricey on the 
pai-t of those who are most 
quaint in manners and speech. 
The general form is [praa's]; 
and the refined [preys] ; gen. 

Preachment [pri-h'chment], ap- 

5 lied to a tedious narration, or 
Lscoiirse, or to long-Tninded 
speech of any kind, written or 
oral. Wh. 01. ; gen. 

Pr^'am [pri'h*iii], anything wordy 
— a discourse, conversation, or 
talk of any kind, wiitten or 
8i)oken ; Mid. * He wrote her a 
gieat long pream of a letter ' [Ee 
re'h't ur* u 'gri'h't 'laang* pri*h*m 
uv' u lit*'urj. 

Prial [pri-h'l] ; or Prile [praa-1], 
a term which, at most times 
savouring of bad repute, is ap- 
plied to those who are adapted 
for each other s c(mipany, having 
a resemblance in manners, or 
disposition. It is seldom applied 
to a greater number than t\**o or 
three. [A corruption of pair 
royal y meaning, properly, three 
things of a sort. At cards, three 
of the same value used to be 
called a pair royal y j)ronounced 
prial. See pair-royal in Xares. 
— W. W. a.] Mid. * Never a 


one u better than the rest — 
there 'a a prial of them ' [Ne'h'n 
u ysMiz- bet-'uT nn- t' rist-— 
■ dhue' u pri'h'l on- iim']. ' A 
bonny priU' [U baoni praa'l], 
a fine lot 

Prod [prod-], v. a. and sb. to 
prick, or Koad. Also, »ub*lan- 
tively, for the iron point on the 
stick or staff made use of. Wh. 
61. ; gea. Anything in the 
shape of » pricker often gets the 

Proddle [produ'l], v. a. to poke 
with a stick, at other article, 
within a hole, or so as to make 
one. Also, figurutively, to trifle. 
Wk 01. ; gen. 

FrODH [praons', praonz'], t. n. 
to pace ostontatioufily. Pronmy 
[pison'zi], odj- : Nidd. 

PrOM [pros-], "gossiping talk," 
Wh. Ol. ; gen. Also in common 
UM aa a neuter verb. 

Pnuon [pnioz-un], sb. and t. a. 
prison ; to imprison. The usual 
pronunciation of this word bj 
old people ; Mid. 

Pnbble [puobu'l], adj. pluinp, 
aa appEed to a round lumpy 
object Wh. Gt. ; Mid. 

Pnlli [puo'lz], b1>. 1)1. most usually 
appbed to aia heads of com dis- 
poraed on a bam - floor, ftfl«r 
thrashing, &c. ; Mid. 

Fnndstone [punn'stun, su'n, (and) 
sti"h'n], a pobble-woight repro- 
Bcnting tho conventional pound, 
01- 'lon(> pound' of twenty-two 
ounces, in the weight of made- 
up butter. IIVi. 01. ; gen. The 
' long roll ' of butter is yot sup- 
posed to maintain this standard 
in weight The weight of the 
' short roll ' is uot entirely eatnb- 
HhIukI ; tho murknt-wouion being 
(■■oiiuiintly hc.'iird tempting the 
tuattji-s of their dairy pi-oduce 

with the remark, that ' there is 
bound to be eerentoen ounces, if 
there is one' [dhuz" buon- tu bi 
in the short rolls, which the; have 

Forely [piwuli], adv. a term 
expressing a eatiafactory stat« 
of health, and usual in response 
to an inquiry, ir^. 01. ; Mid. 
'Now, bairn, how are you?' 
' Why, bairn, I am pvrrly, thank 
you ; and pray you, how 's your- 
self, and how goes all at home ? ' 
rNoo" be'h'n, oo' aa" yu F 
W;aa'-jTi be'h'n, An'a piwu'U 
thengk' yu, un' pre yu oo'z 
yiisen-, un' oo' goangz' yaal' ut' 

Porvil [puvil], V. a. A purvUled 
arrangement of articles, or ma- 
terial of any kind, is when the 
things are placed one above the 
other; Mid, [Evidently a pecu- 
liar use of Mid. Eng. purfilfd, 
which had, originally, reference 
to the arranging of uungs along 
a thread or edge. See purfil«a 
in Chaucer.— T^W.S.] 

Put [puot-], T. a., V. n., and sb. 
to butt; gen. 'Weddmg comes 
all at once, like a puittTig calf* 
[Wed in kuo-mz yaol' sat" yaans", 
laa-k u puot'in koo'h'f]. The 
word usually implies gentleness. 
This is not the esse in auch a 
sentence as [Ee m:i-h'd 'sa'yk 
u'n u puot' oat- mu], he made 
lueh on a put at me. On, in this 
sentence, has the sense of of, but 
this sound may ariee from the pre- 
ceding adjective having ounply 
the dd participial ending en, 
as some words in rural dialect, 
and a multitude in town dialect 

Putten fpuot'u'n], post part of 
put Wli. 01. ; gen. Also con- 
stantly employed when followed 
by on idiomatically, not merely as 
intheglossoryillustration, "She 
is bravely puttm on," where pvt 



on 18 fhe yerb, bat wben the pre- 
podtion has the meaning of o/. 
' Hast thoa putien on it away 'f' 
[Er tu pnot*u*n ont* uwi'h*?] 
* He 'a putten on it off while to- 
morrow ' [Iz" puot'u'n ont* aoh*'f 
waa'l ta-muo'h*n]. * I 'vo putten 
on it down ' NVa'v puot'u n on* 
it' doo'n], I Lave put, or sot it 
down. So rootod is this form 
that in some phrases the preposi- 
tions follow each other, as when 
the verb to^w^ on {Wh, Gl.) is 
emj>loyed with the moaning of, 
tomiposo npon, opprt^ss, over-uso 
or take advantage of. * Thou *s 
putten on o" him long enough' 
[Dhuoz" puot'u'n on* u im' laaug' 

Pnsom [puoznim], sb. and v. a. 
poison. Puzzomous [puoz*- 
umns],a4j. poisonous. Alsopuz- 
somful [puozm^mfuol], adj. but 
a term more expressive of the 
tendency to become poisonous; 
noxious. Wh. 01. ; gen. Tho 
participles are formed in tho 
usual way, by the addition of 
ing and ra, but the last term 
may be said to fulfil the purpose 
of a part. prts. 

Pye [potv], V. n. ixi pry ; to act 
inquisitively. Wh. UL; Mid. 

Qnart [kwaa't], v. a. to thwart. 
Wh, 01. ; Mid-Yorks., wlicro it 
is an odd pronunciation, thwart 
[thwe'h't] being used more gener- 

Quarterage [kwch't'rij], a quart- 
erly allowance ; Mid. 

Qut-asy [kwi*li'zi], adj. dtmoting 
an unsettled, initjited state of 
the stomach ; inclined to nausea ; 
Mid. [Ahiiost in general use \ 
it occurs thrice in »Shukcspeare. 

Queer [kwi'h'r], tlio pronuncia- 
tion ot choir ; Mi«l. 

Qnest [k\vi-:>t', kwist*], inquest ; 
Mid. *A crownor's «/i/(ut* [U 

kroon'uz kwest"], a coroner's in- 
quest. Shakespeare has * crown- 
er*s quest law; Hamlet, v. 1. 

Qnidg^ [kwid'ji], a<lj. applied to 
anj'tliing exceedingly little; Mid. 
*What a little f/wi(/</v apple! 
Aj'o, it is a quidtjy* [Waat* u 
laa'l k^iidji aap'ull Aay, it" 
iz' u kwidji]. Old people also 
say Kudgy [kuod'ji] and, occa- 
sionally, dudgy [kwuod'ji]. 

Qnip [kwip*], v. a, to equij) ; but 
in freer use than ordinarily; 
Mid. * Now, then, I am quip2^*id 
and ready!' [Noo, dhin', Aa'z 
k^ipt* un' rid'ij, am fully dressed, 
and ready. 

Quit [kwuot'], v. a. nnd adj. to 
quit. This is a ixjculiar chaugo 
of vowel favoured by some old 
people; Mid. 

Qnoat [kw:uo'li*t], sb., v. a., and 
V. n. quoit. A term there is 
much more use for in town 
localities, where there are few 
])ublic- houses which have not 
their * skittle-alley ' and * qnoit^ 
Karth' rearwards on tho ]>reinises, 
but is yet a familiar one in rural 
parts, and the dilfeifnce of re- 
sj)cctive pronunciations suggests 
the examj)le. In town dialect, the 
firtin is [kao'j't], and the wt)rd 
is unknown as a verb, A Mid- 
Yorkshire si)eaker would readily 
say, * I 'm l)own (going) to tjnoit' 
[Aa'z boon* tu kw:uo'h*t] ; but a 
K<iutheni spcjaker would not, savo 
under exceptional circunistjuices, 
bo likely to know what the word 
meant. Uiniself, if a Leeds 
man, would suy, in unavoidablo 
peni)hrase, *I'ni bown to lai*k 
(play) at quoits * [Aam* baa*n tu 
leh'k ut* kao'ytsj. 

RAader [veliM'ur, ri'liM'url ; or 
Bi'iather [ro'h'dhur, ri'h'dhur], 
adv. rather; gen. 

Baaming [ivh'niin], adj. denoting 
size; gen. *A guit (great) 



Teaming hraglit ' [U igu't re-h'm- 

Babble rraab-u'l], v. a. and t. n. 
to gabble in reading. Wh. 01. ; 
gen. Also, a subttantive. ' He 
made sike (such] a rabble on 
(of) it, I couldnt underatand a 
vord he said' [Ee mi'K'd saa'k 
U nuib~al ont" Aa" kuod'u'nt 
no'nd'uBtaan' u w:ao'd i scd']. 

Babble [laab-u'l], v. n. and sb. 
to wrangle; Siid, 'What am 
Tond two rabbling about F' 
[Waats' yaon" twie-h' raab'lin 
uboot-P] 'Don't talk to him 
about it ; it 'a sure to end in a 
rabbit- [Din'ut tooh-'k tiv -im- 
uboot' it' ; ita' si-li' tu ind" iv u 

Babble-rout [ranb-u'l-root], the 
noise of a rahlU. Wh. 01. ; gen. 

Back [raak'J. 'As wet as rack' 
[TJz' woo't uz" rank'] is a com- 
mon proTorbial expresaion, in 
allusion to tho rack, or broken 
TaporouB cIoiuIb of the sky ; gen. 

Baddle [raadu'l], v. a. to beat 
with a light ebck, giving blows 
in q^uick Buecetttdon. Kaddling, 
Hb. a beating after tbis manner. 
Wh. OL ; gen. [Sadille, as a ab. 
and diminutiTO of rod ia given in 
Pariah's Sussex Oloeeary. And 
Boe SadUug in E. D. tj. Oloes. 
B. 1, and Badlingt in Oloss. B. 

n.— w.w.a] 

B;ieii [reli'n], the uncultivated 

ground nigb a hedge ; gen. flcol. 
rein, a stnp of land.— W. W. a] 
Baff franf]; or Biff-raff [rif-- 
rauf"], nbs. sing, imd plur. ap- 
nliod to low, disroputuble people, 
ir/j. III. ; gon. Tho compound 
is alHO used as an adjective. A 
rijf-raff lot. The first toi-m is 
occusionally used in Mid-Yorks. 
as un acltit verb, to bni^h, or 
ruku together promiscuously. 
*Xi>w. then, tiiko tho brush and 
ruf tlifm wull togethor ' [Noo' 
dliiu" tauk- t bruosh' un' raaf 

um- wool- tugid-'u]. A 'to/- 
monget' [raaf-muons-ur] ia a 
dealer in odds and ends of wares, 
and lumber. 

Baffle [roaf'u'I], v. a. to squander, 
or dissipate. Also, as a vrrb 
neuttr, to confuse, or rrcate dis- 
order; to wander, or become in- 
coherent in talk. Wh. GL; gen. 

Bafflepack [raaf-u1i>aak], ab. 
and odj ■ a low, rakish company. 
Wh. Gl.; gen. 

^taffling l^nuif'lin], adj. riotous 
Bjid dissipated. Wh. Gl.; gen. 

Baflook [raaf-Iuk], a fragment; 

Ba^baBh [nutg'ubaash], sb. and 
sidj. ; or Kag&ly [raag'uli], adj. 
expressive of a beggarly, untidy 
state. Wh. Gl. The last is a 
Uid-Torks. term ; the first is 
general, as are, also, ragabrasli 
[raag'ubraaah], and ragabrag 

Babies [raag-u'Iz], an untidy 
person ; gen. 

Bagil [raagil], a loose, careless 
person ; one of mischievous or 
will'ul, but not of an ill, disposi- 
tion. Wh. Gl. ; gen. This is a 
t«rm mostly bestowed od juve- 
nites, and, being one only of 
good-humoured reproach, is wel- 
comed. Amongst tho adult pea> 
santry it is employod as a some- 
what fastidious term, and is used 
complacently in the oompony of 

Ba^ver [raag-iaa-vur], a rude 
romper ; a ' tear-clothes.' Wh. 
Gl.; gen. The 'long "" 

Bagrowter [raagTaowt'u], t. n. 

to indulge in rude, boisterous 
play ; to romp, seizing the gar- 
ments. Wh. Gl. (pros, part.}; 
Mid. Also, tiibttafithtly. 
Baitch [roli'ch]. The Wh. Gl 



definition (sco £. D. S. Gloss. B. 
2} is, **A white line down a 
hone's fiice." The word may be 
identical with ratch (ae? ), yet this 
distinct pronunciation is also cur- 
rent in Mid-Yorks., and is heard 
over the north generally. But 
the term is not restricted to a 
natural mark or streak of this 
kind upon a horse, but applies 
equally to other animals, and to 
any part of their body ; abo to 
persons and objects. It is cm- 
ployed as a verby too, as chalk is 
ciustomarily. On occasions, it is 
not easy to draw the lino between 
ratch and rai'tch, as in the 
phrase, * I *11 raCtch thy rig if I 
get hold of thee ! ^ [Aa*l re'h'ch 
-dhaa* *ri^* if* Aa git* aoh*'d u 
dhu], will mark your back, if I 
get hold of you. 

Bakapelt[raak'upelt], a dissolute 
character. Wh. Gl, ; gen. 

Baketime [rc-h'ktaa"ml a miner's 
term for that time when sets of 
workmen relieve each other; 

Sam [raam*], adj. rancid, or rank. 
Wh. GL ; gen. [Icel. no/ir, 
strong.— W.W. S.] 

Sa*me [re'h'm], v. n. and v. a. 
to Tociferate, "^dth an iiiipliaition 
of violent behaviour ; gon . * Oocs 
ru*mim/ about like a madman' 
[Gaanz* re'h*min uboot* laa-k u 
maad'mun]. One going about a 
house, singing at the top of hor 
voice, will oe desired not to ra'///« 
in that way. * Don't ru'ine tho 
house down ! ' [Duonnit rcli'm 
t "oo's doon' !] [Voiy common 
in Old English. A.h, hrtiuan, 
to cry out— W. W. S.] 

Bamp-an-rdave [raainp '-un-ri 'li' v], 
applied to lumber, or odds and 
ends of any kind ; Mid. * Go and 
fettle (put to rights) tho old 
chamber, at the house end, and 
if there's any ramp-ttn -reave 
about, pretha (pray tliou, liter- 
ally} let 's bo qmt uf it ' [Guung* 

un* ffful t aohM chf^-h'mur. uf 
t oo's iud*, un' if* dhuz* aon'i 
raamp*-un-ri*h*v uboot* prodh*u 
lits* bi kwit* o t]. 

Bamp-and-ree [raamp*-uii-rec'], 

a verbal [ihrase oxprossive either 
of that kind of rough conduct 
attaching to boisterous humour, 
or of that coining of mad anger; 

Bamps [i-aamps*], a reckless, dis- 
Hputed person ; gon. 

Kamscallion [raamskaal-iu'n], a 
careb'ss dirty persou, of vagrant, 
worthless habits. Not apjilit-d 
with the direct meaning of tho 
simple forms (str), as in the Wh, 
(J I. ; gen. 

Bamshackle [raanr shank u'l], an 
unsteady person, one upon whom 
no dependence can l>o placed. 
nVi. Gl. ; gen. In some slight 
use as a verb, and common in tho 
form of a imrt, prts, 

Eandle-balk [raan*u'l-biio-*h'kl ; 
or Gally-balk [gaal*i-bao"h'kj ; 
or Reckon - balk [ivk'u'n- 
bao-h'k] ; or Beckon-perch and 
peak [rok*u'n - p:ib'ch (and) 
p:ih'k] ; or Gaily- tree (gaal*i- 
tVoo"j ; orKandle-tree [raau*u'l- 
t'reo"]. These arc all iianios given 
to tho iron chimn<\v - bar, by 
wliich, with the aid of simplo 

* crooks,' or a ' rtrhin^^ vessels 
are suspfiidod over the tiro. Of 
the imiiibi;r, tlie lirst thi*ee, to- 
getlior witli Jttchm-jKrrhy aro 
ctmtjanod in tho \Vh. 67. Tho 
first throe ar<j general, and, col- 
lectively, arc heard in Mid-York- 
bliiro only. 


loose ; Mid. * It 's bown (going) 
to be a raudoiii day with him' 
[Its* boon* tubi uraaird'um di'h' 
wi im*], a loose, or idle day. 

* lie's on the raudoni again' 
[Eez* ut* raau'd'um ugi'li'n], off 
work, or, * on tho looso ' again. 
The nVi. 67. employs randan 
with a somewhat similar mean- 

idom [raan'd'mn], sb. and a<lj. 
\iT^{i ; Mid. * It 's bown (going) 



ing. One may hear this form, at 
times, in the north, but it is 
hardly recognised. 

Bannook [raan'uk], a rake^ or 
spendthrift. Wh, 01, ; Mid. 
O^e verb is also common, but the 
past part, is unheard to any ex- 
tent. The substontiyo is also 
applied to half -wild, rompish 
sheep. Those of the Masnam 
breed are known as rannocks. 

Bant [raant'], the feast-days of 
Nidderdnlo localities are called 
rants. The chief of those is that 
known as * Nethordil Itanty' held 
at Pateley-Bridge. 

Baps [raaps*], news, familiarly. 
Wh. GL; gen. 

Bash [raash'l, a narrow piece of 
arable land left uncultivated; 

Basp fraasp'], v. a. and v. n. to 
OTerheat; Mid. Bread baked 
too quickly is rasped. A person 
excuses himself for slow walking, 
by saying that when he walks 
quickly he gets * rasping hot very 
soon' [raafi'pin uo'h*t vaar'u 

Batch [raatch], a stripe ; Mid. 

Bate [reli't], v. a. a weather 
term. To be rated, is to be 
exposed to inclement or raty 
weather; gen. Timber is rated 
by being exposod tlirough aU 
seasons. See Rait in E. D. S. 
Gloss, B. 2, and B. 15. 

Batton [raatu'u], rat. Wh. GI. ; 
gen. to the couutj". 

Bave [rih'v], a state of mad pas- 
sion, or fuiT ; ^^-ith the moaning 
of the verb to rave ; Mid. 

Baw-gob [nioh'-gub], an abrupt, 
>'ulg;ir ^lKVlkor; one who is 
ccmrse-muuthed. Wh. Gi. (pa^t 
imrt.); gt»n. 

[maks], V. a. and v. n. 
to 8tivtch, or wrench ; gon. A 
nul^talxl-Ill;listo^ is said to have 
Won a nixir. A poi-son will toll 

of ' a nasty raxin* pain * he is 
subject to. Bax, sb. {]Vh. GL) 
and y. a. also, a sprain. 

Bazzen [raaznin], v. a. When any- 
thing out of ttie oven, or from 
before the fire, is rather more 
burnt than baked, it is razzened ; 
Mid. To over-broil a portion of 
a joint, would be to razzle 
[raaz-u'l] ( ir^. 01.) it. 

Bazzle [raaz'u'lj, y. a. See Baz- 

BSad [ri-h'd] ; or Bid [rid*], adj. 
red. These forms are general, 
but the old Mid- Yorkshire people 
employ r^ad [ri-h'd] {Wh. GL) 
more frequentiy than is usual in 
Nidderdale. Nor in words similar 
to rid do the Nidderdale people 
make such use of the [i]. 

Beak [ri-h*k], v. a. to reach; 
Mid. * lieak me that flitch down ' 

SRi'h'k mu dhaat- flik* doo*n]. 
f'litch is quite as conmionly 
[fli-h'k] and [flih'^k], mostiy 
among the old people. 

Bean [ri-h*nj, sb. and v. n. the 
pronunciation of reign ; gen. 

Beang [ri*h*ng], a discoloured 
line, or stripe, ** as, the flesh from 
the stroke of a switch, or whip. 
A face is reanged with dirt when 
it has soiled finger-marks down 
it"— irA. OL ; gen. 

Bcap [ri-b'p], a stalk, or stem; 
Mid. [P:ey-rih*ps], pea-stalks. 

Beast [riJi'st], hoarseness, 
[ri-h sti], adj. ; gen. 

Boast [ri'h*st], a rancid or rusty 
state, as applied to meats, and to 
bacon particularly ; gen. }Vh. 
GL adj. idso common. 

BOast [rili'st], a state of restive- 
ness, or obstinacy. Wh. GL; 
gen. A term most frequent in 
regard to a horse's behaviour, 
but not unusual in its applica- 
tion to persons. Wh. OL a^j. also 
common; gen. 

Beb [reb], rib ; Nidd. 



T^^Wifip frek-lin] : r*r TUfflrliTig 
[nmk'linj. appli^*! to a pui.y. <>r 
rickety child : aWi. to ariTri&> 
(pwrticiilariT to swino' . a r*-V.iu z 
Ming employed to d*rz.->:^ trie 
laflt young one of a litter. J.':. 
loeL nkJingr, an outcastT — 
W. W. &] 

Backon [rek'u'n^. an appAiaras 
attachea to a c&imnev-b^r. and 
used for 8a5pending vesM-la over 
the fire. The form Tane«. but 
is nsoally a fiat bar of iron. 
hook-shaped at one end, and an- 
gular at the other ; drilled, also, 
with a number of holes, one 
abore the other, to receive a pot- 
hook, which, sliding throuprh a 
hole in the bottom pieco of the 
reckon, can be put to additional 
use in dimini^ihiug or extending 
the vessel's distance from the 
top of the fire. IVh. 01. ; gvn, 
'Hinging the nckim^* by way of 
proclainung a stroke of good 
mrtune, is not at all times a 
mere figure of speech, but is a 
custom often humorously re- 
sorted to ^dthin-doors. 

Beekon-crook [rek'u'n-kr:i]i*k] ; 
CT Reckon - cruke [rek'u*n - 
kriwk], the hook attuchcnl to 
the * reckon * {f^). Tlio first form 
appears in the \\'h, (r/. ; g^n. 

Bed [red', rid*], v. a. to unlo()so, 
or unravel; to urinddle; Mid. 
* JRnl mo that out, wilt thou ? * 

Bled* mu dhoat' oot*, ^-i tu?], 
nravel me that, will vou ? 

Eaek [reek], stock, i. c. in asso- 
ciation with race, or liiioa<^o; 
but employed with an ill-inuun- 
ing ; gon. ' They aro u bad 
reekj • Ayo. an»l they como of a 
bad reek* [Dhur* u baud* reok* 
:£'y, un* dhe *kuom* u u baad* 

Keek [reek*], sb. and v. n. a 
state of hot anger ; Mid. The 
verb is apt to undergo a vowel- 
change. [Oo i diz* rih*'k !], IIow 

r.. and 


he doc* n-l .' -r. fur:? 

'rc-tk'. r'.'k'. r 
t'» siiikv. r '.L-i: T;»> 
_^ i\-. k •:'.!.:;.*=:.. ky, « I ' ', , 

Reightle T-.y-.S]]. v. a. : y:: 
:-. ri^ht*: 31: i -Xsy. r*. Vi> 

t'-T-ilf UT^ a Vi: Kforo tbou 

m m 

g>.»-:-s. itr ih . u 'II f..;y ihi* crvws 
ori the r...i 1 ! ' ^Xvh', r«.\-:*u*l 
dLis^n" r-""] V. :::' u:ui^"h' dhuo 
gitinz-. u dtuL'l* :'.:i'Ii* t kpao'h'z 
uf r.uo-hd~. or you will xrighton 
the crows on tho wav. 

Rem ling [rim* 1 in], remnant ; 

Bemmle [remni'l], v. a. to K\it 
with a stick, but oitlior in sjx^rt, 
or without nal auirry fivling; 
Mid. The Wf.'nl is nu>>tly used 
in playful thr*.-at. * (.'onu\" como, 
that 's thy grau'daii's chair: Ujf '11 
be for rem ml ill [I of thtv if thco 
doesn't got out of it* [Kuom\ 
kuom*, dhaats* dhi graau'dad 
choh'r; tvl* bi fu remiiu ao 
dhu, if- tu dis*u'nt gifoo'tont']. 
* Thev want remmJiuq woll, for 
their own gtxxi * [Dho waant* 
rom'lin wee*L fu dhur* no'h'n 
gih"'d] or [giw'd], as t8<>mo of tho 
old people would say. 

Bemmon [rimun], v. a. to shift, 
or remove. 117*. 07. ; Mid. 
*The place is just as it was — 
thou's remtnotinl nought, I h«h>* 
[T plih's iz" jm>st* uz* it* waar* 
— illuioz' riiiruiid 'naowt*. Aa 
sef'ri*], I. r. tho nxnn has not K'ou 
tidied at all. 

Bender [riu*d'iir], v. a. to nn'lt, 
or l>oil down. * Jimtlnnl tat/ 
dripping. Renderments [riir- 
d'uinonts], sb. pi. ]iortiuns of fat, 
of all kinds, niolti'<l into a miiss. 
]\'h, GL ; gon. Kipmlly api)li«*<1, 
as a plural t^Miu, to tlio fat of 
various kin«lM in w'panito ]M)r- 
tions. Also renderings [liu'- 
d'rinz], sb. pi. 

Bensh [riii.sli*], v. a. to riuM* ; gen. 


It inav be worthy of a note tbat 

uirench ia piouoimced idenlicall]'. 
Rew friw], p. t. of the verb to 

row; Mid. 
EweIo [riz'u'l], tho weaseL Wk. 

Gl.; Mid. 
Bick [rik] ; orRich[Rich-], Kich- 

ard; gen. 
Bift [rift], T. n. to belch. Wh. 

e lower part, or ridge, of the 
bark, and freely employed in 
place of thiB word. Wn. Gl. ; 
gen. Oldpeoplearometwith who 

usually short. [The original 
Benso of ridge is back. A.S. 
hrycij, the back; atao, a ridge. — 

W. w. a] 
Ri^ing^ [rigin], the roof-timbera, 
or raltors. Bigginff-tree [rig*- 
in-t'ree"], the beam constituting 
the ridge of the roof. Wh. Gl. ; 
gen. [ITrioy] ie the frequently 
used refined form of the last 

Biggie [rigm'l] (commonly spelt 
•""ffsMi V. n. to sway with the 
bat^, with a short, quick motaon, 
as sheep do when standing in 

Bi^bt [reet'], v. a, to put to 
nghts, literally and figuratiTely ; 
but more parti fuluily employed 
in place of tho verb to cojub. 
Bi^litiDg-comb rroct'iii-ki"h'Ta], 
a hair -comb. To 'right out,' 
to comb out Bigrlitiiig [reet-iu], 
pros. part. iVh.UL; gyu. These 
are common Bouthom forma, 
too. At Leeds, Tightener [reyt-- 
au] ia also urlhI of a large- 
toothed hair-comb. Iiash, t. a.. 
Lash-comb, eb. are alf>o more 
or Ices employed generally in tho 
couuty. Lasher, sh, as applied 
to a larpo-tootlied comb is heard, 
tiJO. This is the tuost favoured 
foiTn amongst uncouth speakers 

in southern localitiea. 

Bi^ht-on-end [reet'-un-ind], adj. 
in a straight course. ir%. 01. ; 
gen. Also, used to signify on 
end, or the right way up; as 
when one is told to roll a barrel 
to a spot, and place it right-on- 
end ; or, to lift up a loose wheel, 
and place it right-on-end against 
the walL 

Bigmarowl [rigmuraowl], a 
itunkord, familiarly ; Mid. 

Bim [rim-], a spoke, or ' rung ' of 
a lailder ; Mid. 

Bimraoe [rim'ri-'h'e], a very small 
scam of ore — say, about Eialf an 
inch in thickness ; Kidd. 

Bind [raa-nd, raa-ynd]. See 

Binge [rinj']> v. n. to whine, in 
pain ; to utter a low sharp crv of 
distress, when this ie -visible. 
" 'Torinye and twist'" — tocom- 
plain, with an expression of 
acute feeling in the countenance. 
BiDge, sb. also, a sprain. Wh. 
Gl, ; Mid. ' I've got a Huge inmy 
shackle ' [Aa'v git'u'n u rinj" i 
maa' shaakul], hare sprained 
my wrist. In the first sense, the 
form is, also, common as a mh- 
itantiit, [ObvioUBly a mere ra- 
riation of lurench, pronounced 
[rinsh-].-W. W. S.] 

Bipple [ripu'I], V. a. to scratch 
slightly, drawing blood, but not 
causing a flow. H'A. 67. ; gen. 
The lubiluiifive is equally com- 
mon, and may be implied in the 
IF'A. 01. It is not limited iu 
application. Farting a layer of 
dust on the floor with the point 
of a stick wonld, e. g. create a 
riffph. A mark across Uie grain 
ot wood, as if where a saw had 
just grazed, would be called k 
ripple, too. 

Bisement [raa'zmimt], an inciease 
in price, or wages; gen. 'His 
wages have always been the 
same ; he '» never had any ot 



your risemenU* (jlz* we'h'jiz ov 
yoalms bin* t si'li m ; 'oez* nivnir 
ed* aon'i u yu *raa'zmunts]. 

ism£^ [raa'zin], yeast, or aiiy 
substituto, usually gets this name ; 

[list*] ; or Bust [niost*], sb., 
T. n., and y. a. rest ; Mid. The 
old people cling to the last form. 

Biye [raa'Y], Y. a. and sb. to tear ; 
gen. The Wh, 61. quotes the 
verb. In Mid-Yorks. the word 
is also occasionally hoard aub- 
tiantivdy, to denote a tear-drop. 
It is never hoard in the plural. 
Boven [rovu'n] (117*. 01,), one 
of the forms of fiie per/, part. 

Bob [Rob-, Raolv'b, Ruoh-'b]; 
or itobin [Eob'in, £aoh**bin, 
Huob'in, Euoh''bin] ; or Hob 
[Ob", Aoh*T)], Eobert ; gen. 

Bocktree [rok-t'ree*- (and) t'rili'] ; 
or Balk [bao'h'k], the large 
swine-bar, oelonging to traces, 
to which smaller bars are at- 
tached when additional horses 
are yoked to an implement, or 
vehicle; gen. 

Boke [ruoh*'k], v. a., v. n., and 
sb. to perspire heavily; a state 
of exh^tion. JMi, Gl, (sb. and 
a<]y.) ; gen. ' He sweats and rohes 

. like an old horse' [Ee 'swi'h'ts 
un* 'ruoh'lLS laak un* aoh*'d 
•aos*]. * He fair (quite) rokea wet' 
[I fe'h'r ruoh''ks weet*], said of 
an animal from which a dense 
vapour is rising. * Hoky weather ' 
means a warm, vaporous state 
of the atmosphere. 

Book [rook'], a bundle, as applied 
to clover ; gen. 

Boupy [roopi, raoAvp-i], adj. 
hoarse - voiced. * Rotiped tip,* 
closed in the throat, necessitat- 
ing laboured, or feeble speaking. 
Jrh. Gl, ; gen. Boup is also a 
verb active, but infrequent in 
use. In this, as in other words 
of the same class, with their de- 
rivatives, the vowels [oo] and I 

[aow] have about an o(jual uso, 
and are employed indiscrimin- 
ately in both viilgar and refined 

Bousle [roo'zu'l], v. a. to rouse; 

Bout [root*, raowt'], v. a. to 
search, emplo^dng the hands ; 
to drag forth ; to bring to view ; 
gen. The Wh, Gl, has to * roiit 
about,' with a general explana- 

Bout [root*, raowt'], v. n. "To 
low or bellow, as cattle." Wh, 
01.; Mid. Also, to boUow, or 
speak boisterously, and, at times, 
employed as a substantive. 

Bouter [root''ur, raowt-'ur], v. a. 
and V. n. to search amidst a con- 
fusion of things ; to turn out 
mixed contents, for examination, 
or tidying purposes. Boutering 
time [raowt •'u'rin taa'm], a 
house - cleaning, or other such 
time. }\li. 01.; gen. Both 
terms are also employed substan- 
tively in the senses indicated. 

Bouter [root''ur, raowt^'url, a 
rushing or confused noise of any 
kind; a commotion, or *to do.' 
Wh. 01, ; gen. The verb is also 

Bouter [roo't*ur], sb. and v. n. 
loud empty talk ; Mid. * What 's 
he standing routering there at ? ' 
[Waats* i staan'in roo'tu'rin 
dhi-h'r aat- ?] 

Bouty [root'i, raowt i], adj. rank 
and coarse, as applied to grass. 
mi. 01. ; Mid. 

Bow fraow], v. n. to engage in 
hand - labour vigorously, and 
with commotion. Wh. 01,; gen. 
Also in use substantively. 

Bowan-tree [raowun-t'ree-] ; or 
Bown-tree [raown'-t*ree"J, the 
mountain-ash, much used in a 
variety of superstitious ways as 
a preservative against witchcraft. 
Wh, 01. : gon. The refined 



forms are [ruwiin (and) ruwn'- 

Eowhead riaowi"h*d (and) 

yi"h*d], a hobgoblin ; Mid. 
Rownd [raownd*], the roe of fish. 

Wh, Oh; gen. 

Eoy [raoy], v. n. to indulge in 
reckless conduct. The word is 
perhaps oftenest heard with on 
following adyerbiaUy, as in the 
Wh, 01. t but the addition is not 
obligatory. ' He drinks and 
roya at f end on 't * [I d'ringks* 
un* rao'yz ut* ind* ont*], He 
* drinks' and is reckless to an 
extremity; Mid. 

Bozzil [roz'il] ; oi- BuMel [mos-il], 
T. n. and y. a. to wither. The 
Wh, Ok quotes '' russeWd, 
withered as an apple," but the 
verb, though oftenest heard in 
connection with orchard -fruit, 
has no restriction. The first 
yerb is, howeyer, in most use. 

Buck [ruok*] ; or Buckle 
[ruok'irl] ; or Bockle [rok'u'l], 
a pile ; usually applied to one of 
bean-sheayes. A ruckle of these 
are four, bound together at the 
top. The two fint forms are 
general; the last a Mid- York- 

Bud rruod-1; or Bed-md [rid*- 
ruod*], red ochre. Wh, 01, ; gen, 

Buddock [ruodnik], a robin ; gen. 

Bud-stake [ruod*<stih'k], a stake 
to which cattle are fastened in 
the bam. Wh, 01, ; gen. 

Buff [ruof], applied to the moon's 
halo ; gen. It is looked upon as 
a sign of rain. 

BuUey [ruol-il a waggon, with- 
out sides, and very low in build, 
used in market -towns where 
business is going on; Mid, A 
reduced form of the 'wherry* 
oiiij>loyed by the railway carriers 
of the southern manufacturing 

Bi mbustlcal [ruombuos'tiku'l], 

adj. of a coarse turbulent ad- 
dress, with yenturesome, corre- 
sponding manners. Wh, OL ; 
BumptioiL [ruom'shu'njy a com- 
motion. Wh,Gl,;Vila. Buxnp- 
ture [ruom'fur], also, for a 
tumultuous outbreak. 

Bung [ruong*]. The rungs of a 
cart are the topmost side por- 
tions; gen. 

Bunnel [ruouil], a riyulet, or 
rill. Also, a funnel. Wh, Gl, ; 
Mid. There are also employed 
runlet [ruon'lit] with the first 
meaning, and tunnel [tuon'il] 
witJi the last ; these forms being 

Bunty [ruon-ti], adj. short-set, 
active, and hardy in appearance. 
Wh, 01. : Mid. The t is dental 
in some cases. 

Buflh. [ruosh*], a crowd ; a merry- 
making. VTh, 01, ; Mid. In 
several Yorkshire localities, the 
term is applied to the yearly 

Buttin|^8 [ruotinzj, sb. pi. animal 
entrails. Wh. Ul. ; Mid. Also 
shortened to ruts [mots*]. 

Buttle [raot'u'll, v. n. to rattle, 
usually applied to throat-sounds, 
and particularly to the noise 
heard from a dying person, too 
weak to make the effort to 
breathe. Wh, 01,; gen. Also, 
common as a 9ub$tantive, 


Sackless [saakius], a4j- and sb. 
innocent; Mid. 

Sad [saad*], adj. heavy ; in a co- 
hesive, moist state, as applied to 
substances. Wh, 01, ; gen, *As 
&ad as a dumpling' [Uz* saad* 
uz* u duom*plin]. 'As 9ad as 
liver * [Uz* saad* uz* liyu]. 

Sag [saag*], v. n. and v. a. to 
gain in bulk, from overweight, 
as when a fiill sack on the l^ick 
of a horse inclines, or tags, on 



one side until it * sags oyer' [saagz* 
aowli'r]. Wh. Gl, * Sag^d out * 
[aaagd* oot*], also common ; gen. 

i'm [se'li'm, si'h'm], hog's-laid. 
Wh. 01. ; gen. 

Saint Pawsle [Saant* (and) 
Sih-'nt Pao-h'sull; Mid. *;In 
a district of the North Biding, 
this mythical saint is a subject 
of constant allusion, as one hav- 
ing superlatiye excellencies, but 
a saint whose day in the calendar 
nerer comes. Of a bright copper 
show -kettle, it will be said: 
'That's for better days than 
Sundays: it's for St Pawsle* 8^ 
and 8t Pawde e'ens' [Dhaats* 
fiir* bet*'u di*h'z un* Suon'duz : 
its* fa Su'nt' Pao'h'su'lz, im* 
Su'nt* Pao'h'su'l ee*nz]. One 
youth will say to another : 
' When 's thou going to don thy 
new coat, EichP^ '(JStPawsys' 
rWinz* dhoo* boon* tu don* dhi 
nih** kuo-h't, Rich* P U Su'nt* 
Pao'h'su'lz], will be the evasive 
response." The above appeared 
as a communication to Notes and 
Queries, several years ago, but 
elicited no reply. [Clearly a 
corruption of 'Saint Apostle,' 
The vagueness is due to tne in- 
tentional refraining from men- 
tioning which apostle. — W. W. S.] 

Sai'r [se'h'r], ady. the pronuncia- 
tion of sore. Employed, also, 
as an adiferb, Wh, Gl, ; gen. 

Sai*ry [se'h'ri], adj. in a sickly 
state. Wh, Gl, ; gen. 

i'ry [seh-'rij ; or S6ary[8uoh'ri]; 
or Surry [suori, sur*i (ref.)J, 
adj. sorry ; gen. The first forms 
usually precede a noun, especially 
if emphasLB is required. ' He 's 
a soary friend' [Eez* u •8uoh*'ri 
frind*j. * Them s sai'ry c6al ; 
they won't bum' [Dhemz* seh**ri 
kuo*hl ; dhe win*ut baonj. The 
first form belongs to Mid- 1 orks. ; 
the second is most usual in the 
north; and the last is always 
used in refined speech. Soary 

is a south-west fonn, too, but 
rarely with a long vowel soiuid, 
and in little character. 

Sam [saam*], v. a. to gather ; gen. 
Also, to ciirdlo (v. n. Wh, Gl,) ; 

Samcast [saamkaast, saam'kest], 
sb. sing, and plur. a farming- 
term for land ploughed m 
breadths of five or six yards; 
Mid. 'I am bown (going) to 
plough in samcast ' [Aa*z boon* 
to ploo i saam'kaastj. The fur- 
rows are not * crossed,' or tra- 
versed, but merely exist as drains. 
[The prefix sam in Old English 
is cognate with, not borrowed 
from, the Latin semi, with the 
same sense. Thus, samrede = 
half red, half ripe, is used of 
cherries in Piers the Plowman, 
C. ix. 311. Hence samcast is, 
literally, Aa//-cast ; meaning, 
perhaps, partially ploughed. — 
W. W. S.] 

Saptoppin [saap'topin], a want- 
wit; Mid. 

Sark [saa-k], a shirt Wh. Gl ; 

Sarra [saar-u] ; or Sanre [saa'v], 
V. a. and v. n. to serve; gen. 
The last form is usuaUy employ- 
ed before a word be^nning with 
a voweL ' Away with thee and 
sarra V pigs ' [Uwi'h* wi dhu 
un* saar*u t pigz*]. Wh, Gl. 

Sarrowings [saaru-inz], sb. pi. 
slops or messes for the pig- 
trough {IMi, Gl,); gen.; or, for 
cattle ; Mid. Occasionally, in 
Mid-Torkshire, the word is used 
for the quantity of milk yielded 
by one cow. 

Sathan [Seh'tliun], is often the 
pronunciation of Sataii, When 
the f only is sounded, the word 
is [Sih*'tun] ; rof. [So'h'tun], 
the vowel being invariably long 
in the last form ; gen. Both these 
may be often hoard with a 
dental t. 



Saul [sao'hl], the pronunciation 
of BoiU; gen. 

Sanmai [saoh-'mus (but with the 
first vowel often long)! lit. SotU- 
mau^ the feast of Ail Souls, 
Noyember 2. Sauxnas - e*en 

Esaoh-'mus-eenl Sanmas-cake 
-ldh*k], a small fruit-cake, pre- 
pared for eating on this oay. 
TFA. 01, The preparation of these 
cakes is alluded to in the Wh. 
01, as a custom known in the 
locality in the early part of the 
oentunr. It yet lingers in Mid- 

Sau*t [sao'h'tl, y. n. and y. a. to 

saunter; Mid. 
Saut [saoh'^t], the pronunciation 

of wUy and usual to the class of 

word. Wh, GL; gen, 

Sawcome [8:ao*h'kum], sawdust 
Wh, 01. ; Mid. See Coom in 
£. D. S. Gloss. B. 7. 

Say [se'h'y si'h*], v. a. and sb. to 
control, by word of mouth. Also, 
toconyince. Saying, and sayed, 
past and pros, narts. The last 
form is examplea in the Wh, 01, ; 

Scaddle [skaad^u'l], adj. timid, 
usually applied to a horse ; gen. 

Soalder [sk:ao'h'd'ur], y. a. to 
leaye the appearance of a blister- 
ed, or chafed place. An ' angry ' 
place is also so designated. Wh, 
01. ; Mid. 

Scale [ske'hU], y. a. and y. n. to 
scatter ; Mid. As a netUer verb, 
its use is infrequent. 

Scallibrat [skaal-ibraat], a '' pas- 
sionate or screaming child.'' Wh. 
01, ; Mid. A romping, rudely 
boisterous child also gets the 

Scallion [skaal yun], a leek. Wh. 
01. ; Mid. 

Scamperil [skaam'pu*ril], a scamp- 
ish juvenile ; Mid, 

Scar' [skaar], scare ; gen. * It 
put such on (of) a acar' on them 

that they never dared go again 
[It* puot* sa'yk' n u *^aa*r on* 
um* ut' dhe my*ur *daa*d gaang* 

Scarbro'-row [Skaa-bra-raow] . 
When sufficiently used tea-leaves 
have more water added to them, 
it is a humorous proceeding to 
give a shaking to the tea-pot, 
which action is called a Scarhro^' 
raw ; an allusion, it may be sup- 
posed, to the exigencies associated 
with the lodging-houses there. 
The same process is also called, 
' a mantua-maker's ([maan'ti- 
maakuz]) twist ; ' Mid. 

Scand-lit-on't! [skaoh-'d-lit^nt:] 
an imprecation, used in anger, 
but meaningless. Wh. 01. ; Mid. 
[Formerly, the meaning was 
clear, viz. ' a scald light on it ! ' 
A scald, or scall, is a sort of scab. 
See Levit. xiii 30.— W. W. S.] 

Soanm [skao'h'm], insincere talk ; 
banter; Mid. One listening to 
a letter being read will, at a 
characteristic passage, say of the 
writer, * That s like his tcaum ' 
[Dhaats* laa'k iz* skao'h'm], like 
his trick of talk ; being more 
humorous than sincere. The 
term is also applied to scornfully- 
abusive language. It is also 
used as indicating the appearance 
of scorn; Mid. 'Ana she had 
such a acaum in her &ce all the 
time she was going on' [Un* 
shu'h'd *sa'yk u skao'h'm i iir* 
fi'h's yaal* t taa*m shu wur* 
gaanin aon*]. 

Scau*iny [skaoh*'mi], adj. gaudy ; 

Scaup [skaolr'p], the pronnncia- 
tion of 9calp, The top of the 
head, or skull, when hurloss. 
Also, a stony or rocky surface. 
Scaupy, adj. Wh. 01. ; gen. 

Scirwhew [sku'wiw], adv. awry; 

Sconce [skaons-, skons', skaoh-'us], 
a screen. Used, also, in figure ; 



Mid. A * firo - sconce * [faayT- 
skons]. A beggar will carry 
a basket holding a few wares for 
' a bit of a tconce,^ t. e, in pre- 
tence of being a dealer. 

Seonee [skons*], y. a. to seat 
oneTs self; to couch, resting on 
the limbs. Also, substantively, 
for a fixed, shelf-like seat ; gen. 
The word is in greatest use as a 

Seopperil [skopnil, skuopiil], a 
teetotum. Wh. 01. ; gen. 

Sconce [skoos*, skaows*], y. a. 
to seize and beat, with the open 
hand. Wh. 01. ; Mid. 

Scouch [skooch'l, y. n. to couchy 
or stoop low ; Mid. 

Scourge [skwuo-h'j] ; or Sconrgy 
rskwuo'n'jill, a short whip, tiie 
lash of which is usually made of 

Scow [skaow*] ; or Scowder 

[skaow*d*ur] ; or Scowderment 
skaow*d'ument], a cleaning bout 
of any kind ; the confused noise 
of any process performing by 
hand. Wh, 01. ; ffen. The two 
first forms are also in use as 
neuter verbs. 

Scraffle [skraaf'u*!], y. n. to con- 
tend with the hands, as amidst 
a. throng, for place or position ; 
or, in a reaching struggle for 
something held out. Wh, 01.; 
gen. Also, substantively. 

Scram [skraam*!, y. a. and sb. to 
gather from tne ground, by as 
many as the hand can at once 
seize; gen. 

S cramp [skraamp*], y. a. to 
eather, clutchingly, as in a chil- 
oren's scramble for nuts; Mid. 
Alluding to a person's sayings, 
it will be said, * He 's gotten it 
(the money) seramped together, 
somehow' [Eoz* git'u'n it 
skraampt* tugid*'ur, suom'oo"]. 

Scran [skraan*], food, familiarly. 
Scran -time [skraan* - taa*in], 

food, or meal- time. Wh. QL; 
gen. 'He'd neither scrip nor 
scran ' [Id* ne*h'd*ur skrip* nur* 
skraan'J, had nothing, or, was 
worth nothins at all. [C£ Icel. 
skrany rubbiim, marine stores. — 
W. W. S.] 

Scrapple Fskraap-ul] ; or Scropple 

[skrop'ul], y. n. to struggle with 
the hands ; Mid. Of a delirious 
person, it will be said, that she 
* did nought but joldor (jolt) her 
hood about, and scropple* [did* 
naowt bud' jaowld'ur u yi'h'd 
uboot* un* skrop'ul]. 

Scrat [skraat*], y. a., v. n., and sb. 
to scratch. Also, in the sense of 
to * tussle ' or straggle for a bare 
living. Wh. 01. ; gon. 

Scrat [skraat*], the dovil. Usually 
with the prefix Old raoh*'d]. 
Wh. 01. ; gen. [Icol. sicratti, a 
goblin, a deviL— \V. W. S.] 

Scrawm [skrao'h'm], y. a. and 
y. n. to scribble, in long charac- 
ter; to smear, in up and down 
lines ; to grope, with groat action 
of the hands. Wh. 01.; gen. 
Also, substantively . 

Scrawt [skriao-h'tl, y. a. to scratch, 
leaving a mai^. Scrawty 
fskriao-h'ti], adj. Wh. 01. ; Mid. 
The first form is also employed 

Screed [skree'd], sb. and y. a. 
a long shred, or border, of paper, 
or any similar material; gen. 
Wh. ul. As an active verb, the 
word is in common use. • Screed 
that bit off, the whole length' 
[Skreo'd dhaat' bit' aoff •, t yaal* 

Screeding [skrced-in], a scolding- 
match among women, when vio- 
lence may go the length of tear- 
ing, or screeding, the cap. H'A. 
Gl. ; gen. 

Screel [skri-h'l], v. n. and sb. 
to cry, in a shrieking manner; 


Scretlpoke rBkri-hlpnoh'k], a 
name beatowed on a CTjinK child ; 

SorilM [BkTBa'bl, an inaciiplion, 
or ■wiitmg. Wh. Gi. ; Mid. As 
a neuter vtrb the term ie some- 
what more common. It ia also 
occasionally heard lubtkmtivelg. 

Sorike ^kraa-k], v. n. to Bcream, 
Wh. al. ; gen. Equally com- 
mon as a iubttaTttivt. 

Sorinp [skrimp*], a Binall por- 
tion, or object; Mid. Wh. Gl, 
" »crimpt/ ' [skiim'pi] and " trimp- 
ed up [skrimpt- uop'], b4jh. ; 
also common. fCf. Eng. thrimp. 
— W. W. 8.] 

Sorog [skrog-], a ehnib, or similar 
stumpy growth, Scroga (Wh. 
01.), underwood generally ; Mid. 

Sorowl [skraowl], v. a., v, n., and 
eb, to scrawl; Uid. 

Scmbble [skniob'u'll, t. n. to 
make Hhift laboriouslf ; Mid. A 

E arson will say, * I 've to lerubtit 
ord enough for my bit ' — for the 
little he (or the) earns [Aa-v tu 
skruob'u'l aa'd ini'h'f fu' maa' 
bit']. The word conyeys the 
idea of ' hand-and-nail ' work. 

Sorudge [skruodj], v. u. and 
y. a. to crowd up, or squeeze. 
Scrowdge [skraowdj], Wh. 01., 
post part., ID use also ; Mid. 

Bornff [skmofj ; or Scnifinent 
[skruof'ment], scum, dross, or 
other like impurity. Wh. 01., 
the last form being given in the 
plural, which is more used than 
the singular in Mid-Yorks. and 
Nidd. Refined speakers usually 
drop the a systomatically in the 
plural use of the last word ; and 
in each there ia a change of 
vowel to [o] i gen. 

Somff [skniofl, to acmb l^htly. 
"Soruffln ([skruoHnJ sb.), a 
Ion); mop for cleaninKUie bottom 
of the bakers' ovon.''^ IPS. 01. ; 
Mid. Uard work of any kind 

nop a; 

than KTu^ng. One will be told 
to get a bwom and laruff the 

that, from its partially iced state, 
only the surface portions can be 
cleared to any extent. 

Sornffle [akmofu'l], v. n. and sb. 
to contend, or scuffle. Also, 
figuratively. Wh. 01. ; gen. 

Scmneliin^ [skraon-sliini], sb. 
pi. broken bread in small por- 
tions, or victuala in remaining 
moraels. Wh. 01. ,- Mid. The 
form employed in the singular is 
usually Borunchson [^ruon'- 

Sory [skraa-], v. a. to descry. 
Wh.Ol.i Mid. 

Sesd [Bkaod], v. a. to scrape, 
with an implement. Wh, 01. ; 

Sonfter [akuof-t'ui], v. n. and 
sb. to uur^. ' I can bide an 
hour, then 1 mnst be acu/teri'nj' 
[Ail' kun' baa'd un' oo'h'r, dhin' 
ia' mim' hi skuof f u'rin] ; Mid. 

Song [skuog-], a squirrel ; Kid. 

Scumflah [akuom-fiab], v. a. to 
stiSe, or suffocate. Wh. Gl. 
past pari, also employed ; gen. 

ScQtoh [skuoch], T. & and sb. 
to whip, or scourge ; Mid. 

Sratter [sk«ot''ur], v. a. "To 
run to waste, as a taper in a 
wind." Wh. 01. ; gen. Also, a 
V. n., to run quickly ; or, to flow 
fast, with a jerky movement, as 
the contents of a barrel when 

8£a [sih*], r. a, and v. n. to see. 
This form is usually employed 
before a consonant. It is a con- 
stituent in many inteijectional 
phrases. ' Nobbut in buto ! ' 
[Naob-ut sih' buodi!], Only 
Sfe, but I— only Me / ' Sett t'e 
huts ! ' rSih'z tu buo-di 1], Look 
yoUibuil— look youl gen, Inall 



words wbjere the vowel is [ee*], in 
dialect speech, there is a tend- 
ency to employ a fracture, and 
to make the vowel a short one, 
with a final element. But in 
cases where the word is a mono- 
syllable, this usage occurs by 
rule in a very pronounced way. 
In such common words as [dee'j 
die, [nee'J knee, [wee*] u;«, [bee*' 
he, [nee'J yly, [free*] tree, am 
others, true dialect speiEkkers make 
the change insensibly before con- 
sonants. Nor are indications of 
this usage wanting in the refined 
of these monosyllabic forms (as 
[sey-, dey, ney, wey,bey', fley*, 
t™y'])» *^ employed by the 
peasantry ; in two of the above, 

fsey] and [bey], the change is 

: _t] and fbey-h'J, 

with distinctness ; but the nabit 

often to [seyVj and 

in connection with these refined 
forms is slight, and unfixed. In 
only one word in southern dia- 
lect, eee [see*, si'h*], does this 
substitution of [i'h ] for [ee*] 

Beagle [si'h'gu'lj, V. n. to loiter 
indolently; Mid. 

Beak [sih-'k], p. t. of suck (in 
dialect pronimciation [suo'k]) ; 

Seak rsi-h*k], adj. sick. * I was 
neither «tfai nor sore ' [Aa* waa 
naow'd'ur si'h*k nur* se'h'r], was 
without an ailment. Used, also, 
in relation to condition of mind. 
Wh, QL; gen. Sek [sek'] is 
employed as an adjective and 
suMtantive, and is the refined 

S^akenixig [si-h'knin], a child- 
birth. Wh, OL; gen. 

Bear [si-li'r]; or Suar [siwh'r], 
adj. and adv. sure; gen. The 
last form is often rseowhVI in 
emphasis. The quickest spoakors 
employ [siwhV], and, unempha- 
tically, [siwh'rj. The first form 
often interchanges with [si'h'r]. 

In conversation, when the first I 


pers., pros. t. of to be occurs, 
the verb is omitted, being ren- 
dered unnecessar}' because of 
the two 8^8 in conjunction. In 
such a sentence as, * I shall soon 
come,' where there is also this 
order of contact, both «'s are 
always heard — [Aa*z si'h'n 
kuo*m]. The same forms of sure 
are alsiD employed for assure—* I 
assured him it was true' [Aa* 
si'h*d im* it waa t'ri'h']. 

Seave [si'h'v], the common dry 
rush. JVh, GL ; gen. . 

Seeing-glass [sce'in-dlaas], a 
looking-glass. Wh. GL ; gen. 

Sag [3(?g*] ; or Bulseg [buol-seg], 
a sedge, or water-rush. Wh, 
GL ; gen. An old Holy Thursday 
custom prevails in many villages 
of strewing segs over the door- 
stones of nouses. This custom 
existed in York up to a few 
years ago. A lady, long a re- 
sident of the city, says she re- 
members having seen Ousegate 
— a main thoroughfare there — 
with both causeways covered, for 
a long distance, with rushes. 

Semmant [sim'unt], adj. slender. 
Wh. GL ; Mid. 

Semmit [sim'it], adj. ficxible. 
Wh. GL ; Mid. 

Set [set-, sit"], V. a. to send forth ; 
to place a value upon ; to accom- 
pany iWh, GL). *They were 
setten nome by half-past one ' 
[Dhu wu set*u*n yaam* biv 
ao'h'f-paast* yaan*]. *Ho puts 
great set on it ' [I puots' gut* set* 
aont-1. *Who set theol" *I 
wasnt setten; I came by my- 
self* [We-h' sot- dhuP Aa; 
woa'nt set*u*n; Aa* kaam* bi 
misel']; gen. 

Sets [sets-, sits*], an equivalent 
for matters, or things, as usually 
employed colloquially ; gen. * She 
is no great sets of a lass ' [Shih*'z 
ne'h' gri'h't sets* u u laas*], of 
no great abilities, in respect of 



what is being spoken of — not 
mach good for. * How are you 
to-day r ' * No great aetSy dame, 
thank you' [Oo* aaT vi tu-di'h* ? 
Ne*h' gut* sets*, di'hm, thengk* 

Setten [sit'u'n, setu'n], used of 
anything set or burnt to the 
bottom of a vessel while on the 
fire, as milk, for want of stirring 
tm, or potatoes, for want of a 
shake in the pan; gen. The 
word is usually followed by on. 
Such is the case, too, with the 
verb, to aet, also in use. Setting 
[sitinl adj. Pot-sitten {Wh, 
6L) [j)ot'-situ*n], *set on* or 
burnt to the vessel used. * Setten- 
on' is also used adjectivally in 
respect of food with a burnt 
flayour; gen. 

Setten-on [set'u'n-aon*], adj. 
dwarfed; gen. The participial 
ending is a common addition to 

Setter [set'u, sit-u], a seton. 
}Vh, 01 ; Mid. 

Setty [seti], adj. and adj. part, 
conceited; Mid. 

Sew [siw], p. t. of 5e?r, but also 
used in the ^t^ent ; gen. 

Shab [shaab*], v. n. to act meanly. 
VHi, Ql, ; Mid. 

Shackle [shaak'u'l], the wrist; 
the ancle. The term * shackle- 
end' is applied to the thin end 
of any club-shaped article ; gen. 

Shaf [shaaf •], the wrist, familiarly. 
Shafinent [shaaf'mint], sb. ( Wh, 
Ol,) the wriflfs circumference; 

Shaffle [shaaf'u*!], v. n. and v. a. 
to shuffle. Shaffling, pros. part. 
Wh, GL; Mid. Each of these 
forms, verb and partidpley is also 
heard as a substantive in Mid- 

Shaft [shaaft-] ; or Shav [shaav], 
eheaf. The first is a Mid- York, 
form. The last one is general. 

and alone receives the s of the 

Shag [shaag*], a large cut portion 
of bread ; Nidd. A * butter-sAa^ ' 
[buot'*ur - shaag] is such a 
portion buttered. 

Shak [shaak*], a large natural 
opening, or cavern ; Nidd. 

Shakbag [sbaak'baag], a lazy, 
roving person ; a vagrant. Wh, 
OL; Mid. 

Shak' -fork [shaak'-fu-k], a straw- 
fork. Wh, 01, ; gen, * An* there 
it hung, like a bag of (on) a 
shak' -fork *[\Jn' dhi'h*r it* uong*, 
laak u baag* uv u 8haak'-fu**k]. 
The last part of the compound 
has often a medial vowel, fol- 
lowed by a trilled r. 

Shak'in [shaak*in], the ague; 
Mid, * He *s at t' warst (at the 
worst), like t* third day shaJi^in * 

SCe-z ut* t waa-st, laa'k t thaod* 
•h' shaak'in]. Said of a person 
whose ill will has culminated. 

Shakripe [shaak'raa'p], adj. ripe, 
and ready to fall, at a shake, or 
shock. Mostly used with refer- 
ence to fruit, out freely applied 
in a general way. Wh, 01, ; Mid. 

Shale [sliih'l, slie-li*! (ref.)], v. a. 
and V. n. to scale, or separate. 
Wh, GL; gen. Also, suhstan- 

Sham [shaam*], v. a., v. n., and 
sb. to shame ; gen. 

Shandy [shaandi], adj. emj>ty- 
headed; crack-brained. Applied, 
too, to a lean person. Wh, GL; 
Mid. With tiie first meaning, 
employed, also, as a substantive. 

Shank [shaangk*], v. a. to walk, 
or • foot * any distance. Shank- 
nag [shaanj^k'-naag-] (ir/i. OL) 
is employed in an identical man- 
ner, colloquially. Shank- weary 
[shaangk *-wi'hri], adj. {Wh. OL) 
"leg- weary"; gen. 

Shawm [shaoh'^m], v. n. to gather 
up a garment so as to admit the 



beat of a fire to the feet and legs. 
Shawminff [8liaolL''inin], sb. a 
* wanning of this nature. Wh, 
01. : Mid. 

Bhaftring-liook [shih'rin-dh'k], a 
sickle; gen. Shear for rtap is 
general to tiie north. 

Bhaep-cade fsheep'-kih'd, shoyp*- 
kda'd (ref.)], a sheep -louse. 
Wh. Gl. ; Mid. 

8heet-da]Lee[8hect'-d*aans]. Eape 
is thrashed on sheets ; the young 
workers finding omploymont in 
laying on the produce, while 
ibe men use the flail. When 
this labour is ended, merriment 
begins; and, after supper, the 
young people resort to the bam, 
where there is dancing on the 
«Acet which has boon in use during 
the day ; and hence the associa- 
tion; Mid. 

Sharl [shu'l, shul*], v. a. and 
T. n. to slide. Wh. GL; Mid. 
Most used when the act of sliding 
involves a trembling motion, as 
in sliding any distance preci- 
pitately. [Shol'] is also em- 
ployed by old people, as in the 
Wh. 01. 

Shibbiiifl [shib'inz] ; or Sheabans 
rshi'h'bu'nz] ; or Shubbans 
[flhuob'u'nzT, sb. pL shoe-bands. 
The first {Wh. GL) is a Mid- 
Torkshire form; the remaining 
ones are general. The singular 
form of each is also in common 
use generally. 

Shier [shaayh'r], spar. A work- 
ing in a mine having a * sliarp, 
sparry' appoarnnre is shiery 
[shaayh'nj ; Nidd. This is a 
miner's explanation. 

Shilbiiifl [shil'binz] ; or Shilvins 
[shil'vinz], sb. pi. the sholvings 
of a cart. The singular forms 
are also current ; gen. 

Shill [shil*], adj. a weather tonn, 
— sharply cold. Wh. GL ; Mid. 

Shill [sliil*], v. a. and v. ii. to 

shell, or unhusk. Wh, GL ; gen. 

Shill [shil*, shih-'I], v. a. and v. n. 
to curdle ; to scum. TrV*. GL ; 
Mid. Chiefly in use as an active 

Shill [shil-l ; or ThU [tliil-] ; or 
Limmer [lim'ur], the shaft of 
a vehicle ; gen. * Skill - horse ' 
[shil'-aos], the shaft-horse. 

Shillock [shil'uk], V. n. to ongiigo 
in knitting, or * tatting,* with 
woo<l6n needles, in the case of 
articles not requiring to bo finely 
worked. Wh, GL pros, part., 
also heard ; Mid. 

Shim [shim*]^ v. a. and sb. to 
mark, as by the slip of an edge 
tool; e. </. as when a plane 
swerves in a wrong direction. 
Wh. GL pros, part, also heard; 

Shine [shaa-n], a shindy. Wh. 
GL ; gen. 

Shinnops [shin-ups], a youths' 

game, with a ball and stick, 
euvy at the striking end; the 
player manoeuvring to get as 
many strokes as possible, and to 
drive the ball distances. Shin- 
noping, for the gamo in opera- 
tion, is given in the Wh, GLy and 
this form is also casually heard. 
The first form is subjoct to tho 
loss of the final a, and becomes 
both a neuter and an active verb ; 

Shiv [shiv], a particle of husk. 
Wh, GL ; gen. In Mid-Yorks., 
also shav [shaav]. Shiwy, 
and Shawy, adjs. 

Shive [sliaa'f, shaa'v], a thickly- 
cut or sliced portion of anything, 
but chiefly used of bread ; gen. 
Tho Wh, GL has tho spelling 
sharve [shaa'v], but though tliis 
is a generally current pronuncia- 
tion in the north of tne county, 
it is most frequently employed 
in connection with tne wri, also 
common. There is a correspond- 
ing usage in southern speech, 



the / being heard when the word 
is a substantive^ and the v when 
a verb. In neither case, as has 
been intimated, is the rule a 
rigorous one, but it is only de- 
parted from by speakers who do 
not use the dialect well. [The 
Icel. aH/a is both v. and sb., 
meaning to slice, or, a slice. — 

w. w. S.] 

Shog [shog*], y. a. and sb. to 
shake, in a jerking manner ; also 
used in a neuter sense, — ^to jog 
heavily, or jolt along. Wh, 01, 
past part., with the first mean- 
ing, aLso heard ; gen. 

Shogjgle [shog-u'l], V. n. and v. a. 
to joggle. Wh, GL ; gen. 

Shool [shoo'l], y. a. and slightly 
as a y. n. to intrude. Shovel 
[shuoyu'l] is also in occasional 
tictive use with this meaning. It 
may be noted, in passing, that 
the pronimciation of shovdy sb., 
is in correspondence with that 
of the yerb quoted, [shoo'l] being 
the commonest foi-m. The WTi, 
Gl, has shooler, for *'one who 
goes a ahooling ; " together with 
this participle ; Mid. 

Shoon [shoo'nl; or Sh6an 
[shuoh-'n] ; or Sh^an [shi'h'n] ; 
or Shun fshuon*] ; or Shone 

Sshiw'n], shoes. The four first 
brms are heard in Mid-Tork- 
shire, as is the last one occasion- 
ally, but this belongs to Nidder- 
dale. They are used as freely 
in the singular as the plural. 
* There's an odd shoe of some- 
body's here' [Dhi'h's un* od* 
shi'h'n u suom'oaod'iz i'h'r]. 
Shoor [shoor-], y. a. to make the 
noise indicated by a loud utter- 
ance of * shoo ! ' with a forceful 
sh and prolonged yowel-sound, 
as used m urging on fowl, start- 
ling and frightening away birds, 
&c. Wh. Gl. ; Mif 

Shore [shuch'r], sewer. This 
word IS most common to the 
south, but is known to the north 

through the refined speech of 
such places as Tork, where the 
form IS [shao'h'r]. The peasant 
usually employs drain [dji'h'n] ; 
being yery much accustomed to 
this word in connection with 
operations on the land. 

Shorts and owers [shiuo-h'ts (and 

[shiu'ts] ref., but common) un 
aow'h'sj, a phrase employed siib- 
Btantiveif/, and equiyalent to the 
current one (with transposed 
terms), 'long times and short.* 
JTh. GL ; Mid. * How long did 
it used to take him to comeP' 
*Nay, bairn, there was no de- 
pendence on him — he came at 
all sliorts and owers ' [Oo* laang* 
did* it* yiw's tu taak* im* tu 
kuo*m P N:e*h', bo'h'n, dhu waa 
no'h' pen*duns on* im* — i kaam* 
ut* yaal* Bh:uo*h'ts un* aowh's], 
came at all times, 'long and 
short,' before being due, and 
when oyer-due. The vowel of 
the second form of the first word 
is as fre<^uently short in quan- 
tity, and IS commonly heard too, 
though a refined form also. 

Shot-ice [shot*- (and) sbuot'-aa^s], 
applied to an unbroken surface 
of ice. Wh, Gl. ; gen. 

Shout [shoot*, sbaowt* (ref.)]> & 
gratulative ceremony on the oc- 
casion of a child being bom; 
Mid. When the birth is looked 
for immediately, the neighbours 
are summoned, and each attends 
with a warming-pan, but this is 
not put to any use. After the 
event, a festive hour is spent, 
when each person is expected to 
favour the child with a good 
wish. In the eastern part of 
the county the same ceremony 
is called a sickening [si*h'kninj^ 

Shred [shred*], v. n. and y. a. to 
lop, or cut off; Mid. The word 
has the usual meaning of shred^ 
too, v. a. and sb., and in each 
case the vowel interchanges with 



Shrow [shnow*! the pionuncia- 
iiaaof$hrew; Mid. 

Shut [shuot'j, Y. a. and y. il the 
pranunoiation of shooif peculiar 
to the wotd i gen. 

Shut [shuot*], y. a. to get rid of; 
gen. ' He ooold fend for him- 
self well enough if he didn't ahiU 
f (the, for hu) addling in drink ' 
[I knod* fen* fur* izsel* woe-l 
uni'h'f if i did'u'nt ahuot* t 
aad'linz i d'ringk*], could con- 
ttire for himeeff well enough if 
he didn't get rid of his earnings 
in ale. The preposition <m{z=zc^) 
yerj Arequently follows, as in 
the Wh. 01,, but the Towel in 
the yerb itself, as exampled there 
— HBOiot-on [shot'-on])— -is ouite 
unneard in the localities to wnich 
the present glossary bears refer- 

Shntten [shaotn'n], p. 1 of shut ; 

fen. In the Wh. 01, the word 
IS followed by up, but this ad- 
dition is merely permissible. 
The ending en is also acquired 
when the verb has a yarying 
meaning: t,g, to get rid of. 
See Shut. 

Side [saa'd], y. a. and y. n. to put 
to rights, or tidy ; gon. Wh, GL, 
side-up, and sided-up, in the 
past. The added word, though 
common, is not necessary, the 
yerb being quite as much used 
alone, in our own localities. 
The yerb also becomes siden 
[saa'du'n]; pp. [saa'du'ndj, and 
these forms hayo, likewise, a 
frequent association with up. 

Sideling [saa*dlin], adj. artful 
and unstraightforward in dis- 
course and manner. Wh, Gl, : 
gen. Also sideler [saa'dlu], sb. 

Sie [saa*, scy (ref.^j, y. n. and 
y. a. to stretch, by a natural 
process of expansion, as a now 
coat by wearing, grain by soak- 
ing, or a door of wood under 
certain influences of temperature. 

Sie-out [saa--oot-], Wh, 01, is 
a much-used compound, but its 
second part may be dismissed at 
pleasure; gen. [The original 
sense of A.o. eigan is to subrndo, 
to settle down, to sink. See SiOy 
sb.— W. W. S.] 

Sie [saay*, saa'l, sb. and y. n. a 
smallest yisible portion or wet- 
ting of liquid — something less 
than a drop, and not more than 
a • touch' ; gen. * There isn't a sie 
left' [Dhur* iz'u'nt u 'soa* lift']. 
A yessel which has been sub- 
merged, and afterwards turned 
upside down, for the moisture to 
eyaporato, has, when dry, *Bied 
itself clean ' [saa*d itson* tli'h'n] ; 
and when another drop of tea 
cannot form itself on the end of 
the toa-pot spout, the liquid is 
said to haye * all sied out' [yaal* 
saa'd oot]. The word is also 
used both substantively, and as an 
active verb, with the shade of 
meaning in the Wh, Oh — i. e, as 
indicating a yery slight appear- 
ance of discolouration. 

Siff [sif-], y. n. to draw breath, 
or inhale, by suction, as whtju 
the tooth are closed, Bli, UL ; 
Mid. Also, substantively, 

Sike [saak, sanyk*, seyk* (rof )], 
adj. such. Wh, 01, ; gen. Siker 
fsaakur, eoayk'ur, seyk'ur (ref.)]. 
The lost form, though permissible 
independently, is usually fol- 
lowed by as, either immediately, 
or with the intoryention of a 
noun. Sike is the form most 
usually employed with a sub^ 
stantive powor. 

Sike. Variously heard as [saa-k], 
[saayk'], [sih-'k], [saeyk'J, 
[seyk], [sa'yk'], a watercourse ; 
gen. Applied to a natural as 
well as to an artificial stream; 
the latter usually constructed to 
receive the contents of field- 
g[uttors, for discharge into the 
river. The thi"oe last pronun- 
ciations are different forms of 


Yorkahire. [Saayk'] is tiie form 
general to the ooun^. [Saa*k] 
■ la the Mid - Torkahire Tulgar 
fbnn, yet leas in uae than [sa'yk']. 
ricel. ilk, a ditch, a trench. — 

W. w. a.] 

Sikkar [aik-ut], aA^. sure— tuq- 
ally associated with thia word in 
idiomatio phrase, expTwaiye of 
emphatio belief. 'I'm >ikker 
and sure' [Aa-Bsik-ur irn" ai-h'r]. 
certain and auie ; Mid. 

8ile [gaa-1, saayl-, seyl" (ref.)], 
T. n. to strain, or separata by 
filtration ; to faint ; to glide 
away bodily. In the first sense, 
the verb ia also employed aetivtly. 
Wh. 01. ; gon. [The vh. nle, to 
filtw, is derived from A. 8. «fgnn, 
t« subside. SeeBie.— W.W.8.] 

Sile [saai, eaayl-, seyl- (ref.Ht & 
strainer. The milk-aile [nulk'- 
saa-'l] uBually answers all pur- 
poses, and ia a tin or wooden 
veesel, wide at the mouth ajid 
narrow at the straining part. 
Sile-bri^ [Baa'l-brig], a wooden 
frame to lav across the Teesel, 
for resting the tile, while its con- 
tents are being received. Wh. 
Gl. ; gen. 

Simple {aim-pu'l], adj. low-bom ; 
Mid. ZfOw[lao'h']iaroorensed. 
See a«nUe. 

Sin [sin'] ; or Syn« [Braa'yi), 8aa-n], 
prep, and adv. muce ; gen. THe 
first form is most uaual aa a pre- 
potilion, and the last as an advtrb, 
[saa'n] being the commonest 

Sind [sind], v. a. to rinse ; Mid. 
Sind-out [sind'-oot-] dooa duty 
as a neuter vrrb, and in the patt 
ie exomplod in the Wh. 01. 

Sinteraaiuiter [sin't'usaoh'ni'u], 
V. n. to saunter or pace along 
lanly; Mid. Wh. Ul. pree. 
|mrt. Some speakers do not 
make the Cs of this word dental ; 

whils others habitually do. 

Sipe [eaa-p, seyp (ref.)], v. n. to 
araiD, or cause a last portion of 
liquid to drop, aaby ovsrtuming 
a vessel, hanging wet clothes on 
a line, Ac. tvh. Gl. ; gen. 

Bipp«r - unoe [aip*a-sao'h'a], a 
liquid compound of any kind, 
taken as a relish to food. Wh. 
Gl. ; Mid. 

Sipple [sipul], T. a. and v, n. to 
sip, continuously ; gen. 

Sitfast [sitTaast (and occasion* 
ally with the final t dropped)], a 
homy sore. Wh. Gl. ; gen. 

Biz [siz-], V. a., V. n., and sb. to 
hiM; to produce a seething noise; 

Sizeable [saa-zuba'I], aclj. fair, 
or good-sized ; gen. 

Skeel [Bl^ee'l], a dairjr vessel; 
gen. The piggin [tee] is usually 
employed to ladle, or as a first 
receiver. The akeel is a much 
larger vessel, ajid made to con- 
tain as much as can be well car- 
ried — five or six gallons. It is 
of a conical shape, with an up- 
right handle ; though sometimes 

Sbel [skel-]; (w SkU [skil-], t. a. 
to overturn. Also, in some use 
tubstantivtlj/. ' It has got a 
skil,' or ' ikil over ' [Its' gitTj'n 
u skil'] or, [skil* aow'h'r] ; gen. 

Skeller [skel^'ur, akil-ur] ; or 
SkeUy [akeli, skil-i], v. n. to 
squint. Wh. Gl. ; Mid. Also 
•kel [skel-]. 

Skellit [ekcl-it, skil-it], a small 
iron vessel, with feet and a l ong 
handle, for use on the fire. Wh. 
Gl. ; Mid. 

Skelp [skelp-, skilp], v. a. to 
beat, in any manner, and not 
merely " to beat or belabour 
with the flat hand," as in ^a 
Wh. Gl. 'He's been tkelpitig 
on (=of) him wi' t' strap' [la- 
bin- skel-pinon-im-wit-st'raap*]. 



Also, a V. n. {JTh, Ol,)y to walk, 
or ran fiust ; and a substantive in 
tlie sense before indicated. * He 
gayeme such a skelp ' [I gaa mu 
*8aa*k u flikelp*]. 

Skelpinff [skel'pin, skil'pinl adj. 
appHea to anything very large. 
Skelper [skei'pu, skil'pu], sb. 
Wh, 01. ; gen. 

Skep [skep-, skip*], *'A round 
badLet, witJiout a bow." Ap- 
plied, also, to a basket-biye — 
* hoe-skep ' [bee'-skep]. Wh, Gl, 
Also, to a scuttle, as * coal-^A^ ' 
[kuo'hl-akep] ; or, to anything 
scnttle-shaped, as a * «A:e2>-bon- 
net' [skep-buon'it] ; gen. fOl 
IceL skeppay a measure, a busneL 
— W. W. 8.] 

Skew fskiwl, v. a. to propel, or 
cast forth obliquely ; to twist, or 
wrench. Wh, OL; gen. Also, 
substantively, in the last sense. 

Skilly [skill], adj. having know- 
ledge and ability ; clever. JFh. 
Gl.; Mid. 

Skime [skiaa'ym, skaa'ml, v. n. 
to glance, with distorted yision, 
as in frowning a person down, 
or displa3ring malignant feeling. 
Wh, Gl, ; gen. Also, a substan- 
tive, [** Sid-may to look all around * 
of a restless and eager look ; 
Cleasby and Yigfusson's Icel. 
Diet.— W. W. 8.] 

Skimmer [skim'ur], verb impers. 
shimmer; Mid. Wh, GL, part, 
pres., also used. 

Skirl [sku-l]; or Skel [skel-l, 
V. n. and sb. to screech. JTn, 
Gl,; gen. 

Skit [skit*], V. n. and v. a. to jibe 
or sneer at pointedly : to cast 
reflections. Skittish [skit'ish], 
a4j. satirical. JFTi, Gl, ; gen. 

SkiYVer [skivur], a skewer. 
Wh. Gl, Occasional to Mid- 

Skuff [skuof-] ; or Sknft [skuoft-], 
sb. and v. a. the nape of the 

neck; to seize, by this part of 
the body. Wh, 01,; een. In 
Mid-Torks., there are tine addi- 
tional substantive forms akruff 
[skruof*], and akruft [skruoft*], 
which are also in some use as 
verbs active, Skuft and skruft 
are used as verbs to indicate a 
beating with the hands or fists, 
and the first of these forms is 
almost by rule disassociated from 
the idea of any scuffle about the 
neck, and means nothing more 
than hard hitting in any part. 
*They began o* scufting one f 
other* [Dnu bigaan* u skuof tin 
yaan* tidh'u], began to pommel 
one another. 

Slab [slaab*], v. n., v. a., and sb. 
to sway about in bulk, as water 
in a pail not full enough to 
be carried steadilv; gen. It is 
usual to invert a basin, or simi- 
lar vessel, in a * skeel ' contain- 
ing milk, or other liquid, or, with 
the first slaby there would be a 
* blash ower.* 

Slabby [slaabu], adj. slight in 
construction. Wh, 01,; Mid. 

Slack [slaak*], a name usually 

fiven to the bottom of a small 
ale, having little or no level. 
Wh. 01, ; gen. 

Slake [sleh'kl, v. a. and sb. to 
daub, or lick, leaving a mark; 
to wipe over, and not to cleanse. 
Wli, 01, ; gon. 

Slane [sle-h'n, sli-h'n], the smut 
of com. Wh, 01. ; gen. 

Slape [sleh'p, sli-h'p], adj. slip- 
pery. Slape - shod [slih-'p- 
shuod], said of the feet when 
attempting slippery ground. 
Slape-ton^ed [8lih'*p-tuon^-l, 
smooth - spoken, hypocritical. 
Wh. 01. ; gen. In Mid- Yorks., 
Blape and alapen [sUh'^pu^n] 
are employed as verbs active, for, 
to shai^n, or give an edge to. 
'Slape us that knife' [Sleh-*p 
uz* dhaat* naa*f], sharpen mo 



that knifo. Following tlape in 
the WK 01. ie" ilapen, to render 
alippery. Country-folks talk of 
tiapening the insidBS of their 
cattle by giviiiK them oil and 
other apenenta The word is 
put to this use in Mid'Yorks., 
also. It likewise interchanges 
-with alape, eenerallf, as an 
CK^Mftoc. [Iom- <Wpr, slippery. 

Slapa [slaaps-], sb. pL slops. Blap- 
P7 [alaap-i], adj. Wh. 01. ; gen. 

Blapitone [slaap'stu'n, slaap-- 
■l«h-'n (and) stib''n1, a ankstone. 
Wh. 01.; gan. 

Blare [sleh'r], v. a. to half dean, 
humedl^. BUry, adj. ( Wh. Qi. 
— "alutush"); gen. 

Slaater [sleh-'atul v. n. to idle 
about loungingly, or perfonn 
work in a careleas, sloreuly 
manner. Slaaterer rsleh-'s- 
turu], sb. Slaateriag [Bleh-'B- 
%'im]{Wh.Ol.); gen. 

Sluter [sleh'Btu], v. a. to flog, 
or chastise in any manner, with 
repeated, rapid blows. Slaater- 
iny [sleh'sfrin], sb. Wh. GL; 
Uid. The verb is always used 
atressftiUy, and wiUi some ve- 
hemence. The last form is also 
employed as an adjective. 'He 
made a ilattering speech ' H- 
mi'h'd u 'aleh''Bt^ n>ih''chj, 
made a 'slashing' speech. 

Blate [alieh't, el:i'h't], t. a. to set 
upon; gen. 'I'll alofo my dog 
against thine ' TAa'l el:e'h't "maa* 
dog- uge'h'n 'dnaa'nj, will match 
my dog (to fight} against youis. 

SlaliieT [slaad'u], puddle, in a 
thin state. Blathery [slaadh'- 
u'ri (and occasionally with dental 
d)], adj. JFh. 01.; gen. Also, 
common as an ocfive verb. 

Blather [slaod'ur], v. a., t. n., and 
sb. to spill ; gen. 

Blatter [slaat-'ur], t. a. and ab. 
to spill slightly, in volume ; ^n. 
To spin in gnater Tolome la to 

' alap ' [sLiap']. [Icel. tietia, Ui 
alap. dab ; used of liquids. — 

w. w. a] 

Blanmy [slao-h'mi], adj. of huge, 
swinging proportiona ; Mid. ' A 
great «{auniy fellow was going 
down the lane, and ho did 
nought but stare at the wind- 
milP [U gri-h't slao'h'mi fel-u 
WUT' gaang'in doon" t luo'h'n, 
un- i did- naowt bud- gluo-h'r 
ut win-mil]. [" Slamma, to 
shamble along, to walk as a 
bear; " Oleaaby and Yigfiisson'a 
Icel. Diet— W! W. 8.] 

BlaTOr [alaavu], fulsomencss, or 
servility in speech. BlaTeimant 
[slaav'ument (and) mint] {Wh. 
01.), also in use; gen. 

Bl^VA [^i-h'v], V. a. to cleave; 
Mid. Usod of anything which 
an edged instrument can run 
throngh easily. Cltave [tli-h'v] 
is in use, with its proper meaning. 

SUa-worm rsli-h'-wom], the 
'alow,' or blind-worm : gen. 
[81i-hn is a pronunciation of 
iUtw, but rslao'n'] is much more 
heard, and is gen. to the county. 

/ want BOod deck, I take to cold 
tea' [Wen- "Aa- waante- gi'h'd 
slek' Aa taaks- tu kao'h'd ti'yu]. 
Common, too, as an active verb. 

Sled [sled-], sledge (vehicle); Mid. 

Blek [slek-], V. a. and sb. to slake ; 
gen, to UiB county. 'I'm very 
dry (thirsty) ; I could do witn 
some elek' [Aa-s vaar'u d'raa' ; 
Aa- kud- di-h' wiv auom- slek-J. 
The sb. slcKk (small coal) is 
[slaak-], aa is dock (>. «. not tense). 
Blade is always used for ilacken. 

Blew [bUw], v. a. ond v. n. to 
swing or slip ont of podtion 
sharply. Slewed, part. past. 
Also, intoucatod. Wh. 61. ; 
gen. The verb, in the last sense, 
IS quite common. The first form 
is also heard aa a whOantivt. 



SUdder [slid'url; err Slndder 
[8luod*'ur] ; w Slither [sli'h'dh- 
ur]; or Bluodher [sluodh'ur], 
y. n. and v. a. to slide; gen. 
The two first forms are the com- 
monest, and take the ending 
ish adjectivally, besides the or- 
dinary one of y, in this character. 

Slip [slips sl^TP']' ^ ^^^ cAse ; 
a pinafore. Pillow-slip (Wh. 
OIX [pilm-slip] ; bolster-slip, 
[borstu - slip]. * Where 's my 
$iij>, mother?' [Wi'h'z maa* 
shp* muod'^or]. A cloth gun- 
case will often get the name of 
[guon'-slip] ; gen. 

Slipe [sla'yp, slaayp, slaa'p], sb., 
T. a., and t. n. a mnning cut ; 
gen. Soft wood slipea when it 
can be divided by mere propul- 
siye effort the way of the g^rain. 
A ' tliping cut/ or a slipe (with its 
related noim understood), is a 
cut of some length. Also, fij^ur- 
atively. To * slipe away,' is to 
steal off. ' His talk was all hints 
and Pipes' \Iz' tao'hlc wur* yaal* 
ints* un* slaa'ps], all hints and 

Slithereaps [slidh'uri'h'ps] ; or 
Slitherups [slidh'urupsj, an 
idle, slovenly person. 

Sliver [slaayvmr], the top portion 
of the door of a cart ; gen. 

Sloak [8luob''k], slime ; the snr- 
&oe accumulation in connection 
with stagnant water. Wh, 01,; 
gen. A fEirmyard pond will be 
alluded to as being ' all slime and 
sloak^ [yaal* slaa'm un* sluoh*'k], 
i.e. slime about and below the 
8ur£EK^e, and sloak upon it. 

Sleekened [slok-u'nd], p. past of 
the verb, to slake, or quench the 
thirst. Wh, Ql, ; Mid. Sleek 

tslek*] is the verh^ the vowel in- 
erchanging with [aa], which iH 
regarded as the more rofino<l. 
[Slaak'u'n] is employed in the 
f<uty but there is no corroftpond- 
ing usage ia connection with the 

other vowel [e]. Each form, 
however, takes ed in the past, 
becoming [slekt*] and fslaakt*]. 
Sleek may be employed «ti64tan- 
tively, but there is no interchange 
of vowel when such is the case. 

Slog [slog-l, V. n. and v. a. to 
walk wifn burdened foot, as 
through snow, or puddle of a 
consistency to adhere, and make 
walking laborious ; Mid. 

Slope [sluoh*'p]; or Slowp 
[slaowp*], V. a. and sb. to 
swindle. Wh» 01,, past parts., 
and slowpy [slaow'pi], adj., 
also in use. 

Slot [slot-, sluot*], a bolt Wh. 
GL ; gen. The verb is as com- 
mon, too, generally. 

Slot [slot*], v. a. and sb. to 
mortise; gen. 

Slonnge [sloo*nj], sb. and v. n. A 
slounge is one who is idle, and 
has mischief in him ; Mid. 

Slonp [slaowp*], v. a. and v. n. 
the act of feeding vigorously 
with a spoon; gen. 'An thee 
an' me had some frumity, 
wouldn't us sloup it, lad ! ' [Un* 
dhoo* un* mey* ed* suom* fruom*- 
uti waad'u'nt us* 'slaowp* it* 
laad*]. If vou and I had some 
furmenty (or frumenty — a pre- 
psiration of wheat and spioed 
milk) wouldn't we devour it ! 

Slowdy [8laow*dil, adj. meagre, 
and ill put together. Wh, 01. ; 
gen. Also, stwstantively, for an 
ungainly*, or Inono-gaitod person, 
in (hM, Ul-fUUnir fCHnmMits. 

Sluff lulmif I, Um» Mkin of Wrriow, 
of t»Ym\Y V\\\\\x \^\\\\ Ihw mow puc- 
oulbul of ^hi'^Imu- fi'uli. MH |»him^ 
ami i^htii'i'lkMi. It'A. (^/., |i/Nm/; 

Slush • Dan [HhioNh; - iman], a 
miuw-iiolti, (Hiniaining thawed, 
f»r ntuildy wiwhmtn. Wh. GL; 
Mid. IMamM of t^xtont of this 
cUamotvr are called slush- 



dikes [8luo8h'-daa*'k8]. Slush, 
the verb, is mostly applied, as 
indicated, to the muddy mix- 
ture produced hj thawed snow ; 
mere puddle bemg blather, or 
slather, &a, according to its 
state of confiostency. The WTi. 
Gl. has to slush on, with the 
moaning of, to persevere ; to put 
* the best leg fii^t,' as the phrase 
goes. This form is also common. 

Slnther [sluod-'u], v. n. to slide, 
with a shuffling gait. Sluthery 
{Wh, GL), adj. slippery, as a 
muddy pavement on which the 
feet do not slip and slide, so much 
as shuffle and slip ; gen. 

Slnthermnck [sluod-'umuok, 
sluod*'umuok], an idle, dirty 
person; gen. 

Sly-oake [slaa'-kih'kl, a tearcake, 
with fruit concealed. Called, 
also, a ch^t [chi'h't], feuniliarly. 
Wlu GL ; gen. 

Smally [smao'h'li], adj. puny; 
dwindled. Wh. QL ; Mid. Also, 

Smapple [smaap-ul], adj. fragile ; 
Mid. See Smokkle. One of 
these words comes from a village 
near the confluent rivers Nidd 
and Ouse ; and the other from a 
village near Easingwold, a few 
miles further distant, in the 
north riding. [Halliwell gives 
'' Smopple, hiime. North:'— W. 
W. S.j 

8 match [smaach*], flavour, or 
tincture; also twang; yet in 
these senses not employed as a 
final word, but as denoting the 
quality of a following noim. 
jrh. Gl. ; gen. In the first sense 
the word is often shortened to 
smat [smaat'l. ' This ale smats 
over much of the hops * [Dhis* 
•yaal* smaats* aowh^r mien* u t 
ops], tastes too much of the 

Smrak [smih*'k], an occasional 
p. t. of smoke [sm:i'h*k] ; gen. 

Smitoh [smich*], a sooty particle^ 
Wh. UL; gen. Also, a verb 

Smithereens [smidh'ureenz, 
(and) rinz], sb. pi. anything 
broken or exploded to particles ; 
with a particular apphcation to 
the body of sparks produced by 
beating heated iron on the anvil 

Smithycome [smidh'ikuom] ; or 
Smiddycome [smid'ikuoml, 
smithy or iron-dust, which is 
chiefly used, in combination with 
pitch, for coating the roofs of 
sheds. Wh. QL (where f s take 
the place of the (f s in the last 
word); gen. 

Smittle [smit'u'l] ; or Smit 

[smit'l, infection. Smittleish 
smit'lish], Smitting [smit 'in], 
adjs. Wh. GL; gen. Also, as 
verbs neuter, but chiefly as verbs 
active, the last form [smit'u'l] 
boin^ in most general use. An 
addifional and the commonest 
adjective is smittling [smit'lin]. 

Smokkle [smokm'll, adj. fragile ; 
Mid. Children will be cautioned 
to keep away from where young 
beans are growing, on accoimt 
of the staJks of " 


these being 

Smoor [smoo-h*r], v. a. and v. n. 
to smother; gen. The Wh. Gl. 
gives smurr rsmu*r] and smorr 
[sinaor], with smurr'd up in 
the past. The first of &ese 
vowels [u'] belongs, in the verb 
indicated, to the refined phase of 
peasant dialect, and the vowel 
[ao'] of the last verb to the 
refined phase of the market- 
towns. The last vowel, gener- 
ally short with most speakers, 
is an exceptionally refined pro- 
nunciation, with a final element 
[h*] commonly added. 

Smoot [smoot*, smih't], sb. and 
V. n. a game or dog-tiack under 
cover, as through a hedge ; gen. 


The verb ib mucb employed in 
figure. AperMn ieseen tocoma 
tmooting uong, in a stealthy 
manner, bending and Uding his 
figure beneath low - broached 
trees. A child rmooU when bid- 

F the &ce from a looker- 

d a lover when be does not \ 

the wooer openly. Bmooty-facei 

» not play 

t"'?' Smooty-fnceo. 

rnnooti - fili'stj, shame - faced. 
These last exunplea are given in 
the Wh, 01., where the past part 
of the verb is ijuotod. Bmoot 
is also used fonuliarly as a verb 
n«uf«r for, to die, but rarely with 
other reference than to 
Smndder [smuod'-ur], v. a. and 
T. n. to smother ; gen. But 
■Duwr [smuo'h'r, smi'h'r] is the 
more nsed equivalent. 
Bnaek [snaak*], a portion, small, 
or comparatively so ; gen. Also, 
in allusion to a digbt repast, a 
'montbfiil' between meoU ; gen. 
Suoffifl [anaaf-u'l] ; or Snarrle 
[BnAaT'n'l],v.n. to speak through 
uie nose. WTi. 01. ; gen. 
Sna^ [snaE^'], V. n. to talk at, in 
a abort, i£arp maimer ; to snap 
Bavagdy. 8nags7 [snaag'i], 
Snap [snaap'], ginger-cake, rolled 
thm, baked hatd, and trtapping 
when broken ■ not nece^arily 
ronnd, for children's bands, as 
in the Wh. Oh, being quite often 
prtmred in the largest - sized 
pndding'-tin a house can furnish \ 
8nftpe[Biie'h'p,sm'lt'p1,y. a., v. n., 
and sb. to obeok objectionable 
behaviour by retort; gen. Wh. 
ai. '"I's (I'm) soon inapcd," 
as V cbap said whan be wur 
boun (going) to bo bung ' [Aa'z 
■L'h'n sno'Ppt, uz' t cbaap' sed' 
wen" i wur' boo'n tu bi uong']. 
As a V. n., the word is followed 
Snapper [snaapur], ' As near as 
a tnapper,' as near as possible. 
Expressive of as little an amount 

of time as a mere snapping noise 
wouldinvolve; gen. Southward, 
another sense furnishes the figure 
— ' As near as a toucbor,' 

a knot formed by entanglement ; 
Mid. [Cf. Icel. tnarr, hard-twist- 
ed ; said of string.— W, W, 8.] 

Bnarzling [anaa-zlin] ; or Snanlj 
[snaa-zlij; or Bnarly [snaa-li], 
adj. as a woatbor-term, applied 
to a sharp, rough wind. li li. 01. 
The two first forms are Mid- 
York. ; the lost ono is general. 

Snattlefsnaat'u']], a little, SiUtt- 
ling [Vaat-linJ, a very little; 
gen. This form is emploj-ed, 
too, as a participle -a<^octive. 
' What a. analUng bit thou s given 
me ! ' [Waat' u snaat'lin bit" 
dhooz' gce'n mu I], In Mld- 
Torksbire, tbo participle is regu- 
larly employed in such pbrases 
as, ' I saw old John to - day. 
Ho's matting at it yet' fAa 
sao' uoh'"d Juo'h'n tu-di'h'. 
Eoz' snaaflin aat- it-yit"], living 
on yet (implying effort, through 
infirmi^, or aee). 'Has ha 
given over drinking ? ' ' Nay, 
no 'a snalling at that, too ' (liz' 
i goo-n aowh'rd'rin'kin P Ne-V, 
eez' snaat'lin ut- 'dbaat*, ti'h'], 
doing a bit at that, too. 

Bnaw [anao-], vb. impore. and sb. 
tosnow; gon. This is tbo usually 
spoken sound, and would be the 
rfad one, but it is the losst cha- 
racteristio. The dialect forms 
are [sne'h'] and [sni'h'] among 
those who speak with any breadu 
of pronunciation. The last form 
is chiefly employed as a verb. 
Then, there is the refined form 
[snu-]. This ia the common one 
of the market-town people, who 
refine on tiieir own form in 
Bnca^le [snih'gu'l] ; or SnSaila 

[sni'h'zu'l], V. n, to sneak about, 
with a display of mock activity; 



flM6k r^<»k', .<mik], thft slip or 
frbWM fA ir^n (nmially with a 
thmnb-WMi), whio.h, paiwinff 
fhrmigh a door^ lifU th^ latch 
inm44^! Wh, 01. ; gftn. The v^h 
oHitm \n n\m an freoly employed, 
and the wr/rd ha« occamonally a 
nHiier senile. ' Sn^rk the door/ 
' It will »nerk (ft limW [Snek- 1 
dih'r. It- u'l (wifik- ur it«:ol]. 

llHither [snedh'ur], adj. slender ; 

flniokl^ [nnik'ti'll, v. a. to gnare 
by tiiPRim of a clraw-loop, Wh, 
(ff, ; ^n. Bnickl«, nb., for tho 
kind of nnaro indicatod, is also 
coiniiumly boanl. 

BniokinarU [Rnik*8naa*'lr.] ; or 
Snif^nArU rmu^*i«tiAa*lB] ; or 
SttoekanArUVtiok't^naa^'lK]; or 
BnogftttiiirU [(«n<>ff'Mm;i*'lftl, sK 
j\l. **l>x-«>rtwi*hM tKroAit ^\r 

f>V. T1\<» ftn»l txn> aM* Ntdd. fx\m>iR, 
ai\d tho laM lxn> Mhl-YtNfkTik In 

^^y»4 ,\*aaV'.' t^ Wiii-fmaA-V/^. 
1N1». (-if. . p<vh. Ahv». i« ^»Af%t^'l'■ 

leaves no tune for piecemeal 
labour. Sniff, y. a. and t. n. 

>ih»A. f/^ wrV*^'!. Thf 1»p«r T*rr»> 


alao, to steal ; Mid. 

Sniggle [snigTil], v. n. to sneer 
demonstratiyely. Wh, GL ; gen. 
AUo, a aul>8taniive, 

Snile [anaayly snaa'l], v. a. to 
snare, or nooee, by moans of a 
running loop; Mid. 

Snite [snaa't], v. a. employed as 
the equivalent of the verb in the 
phrase, to blow the nose. WK 
01, ; gen. Also, a sul>stantirr. 

Smtlie [snaa'dh], adj. genenilr 
used as a weather teno. A 
* $iiithf wind/ is a cold« pi<ereiEjr 
one. [lit. a 'cutting* ooe. CI 
A.S. #Mi6(]A, to cut.— W. W. S>3 

Snod [snod*], wi^ cqxt, SiMi. 

al9(v a$ a T. a. aad t. =;. t^ -fina? : 
fttaiod ^uszirxi'^. *1t. : MBL - H t > 

tVrftd^ivi^ DOW. 'LifQ ^EOL mu*£ 

t)K«i; az»d t^Afr jvmif- aw^x" 

K'k. t^l. : ^rnr*. Ammunc fii£ 
*r*-f ft. wv' — iiwililar, J^«i«i^t:x. 


IT. • <"«: ■. /■ 


1. ail.. <ii.. 



to breathe noisily through the 
nostrils, with tlie respiration 
impeded ; to snore with a whist- 
ling noise, as a dog is apt to do ; 

Sny [snaay], v. imp. to have in 
great plenty ; gen. * Our orchard 
snied with apples last year' [Uo'h'r 
n'chud snaav'd wi aan'u'lz t laast* 
i'h'r]. [Chaucer has — * Hit 
mtewede in his hous of mete and 
dxinke ; ' Prol. 345. Dr Morris, 
in his Glossary, has — ' Snewede, 
snowed, swarmed, aboimded ; 
ProY. £ng. «nee, »nie, aniw, meWf 
to swarm.'— W. W. S.] 

Soamy [suoh^'mi, saowmd], adj. 
appuea to the weather, when 
moist and warm ; gen. 

Sock [sok'y saoh^'k], the share of 
a plough; gen. The first pro- 
nunciation is the most usual. 

Sodden fsod'u'n], v. a. and adj. ; 
or Sodder [sod*u*r], t. n. only, to 
saturate ; to soak to a shrunken 
state. Wh. 01. past parts. The 
last form is a Mid-Yorks. one ; 
the first is general. 

SodgT [sod'ji], adj. little and 
flShy. Wh. Gl. ; Mid. 

Soft [suoft*, soft], adj. applied 
to the weather when rainy, or 
moist after rain. ' It's bown to 
&11 soft' [Its; boon- tu faoh'l 
suoft*], is going to rain. Wh, 
Gl.; gen. The term is usually 
associated with mild weather in 
oonjimction with moderate rains. 

8og [sog*], V. n. and y. a. to soak ; 

Sole [suo'h'l]. The eoles of a 
cart are the middle supporting 
timbers of the body ; gen. 

Sook [soo'k], y. a. and v. n. to 
suck; gen. 

Sore [se'h'r], has the meaning of 
bruise, or woimd, occasionally ; 
Ren. 'A lad fiun^ a stone at 
nim, and made him a bonny 
(fine) tore* [U laad' flaang* u 

sti'h'n aat' im', un* mi"h*d im* u 
baon'i se'h'r]. 

8o88 [sos*, 8U0S-], V. n., V. a., and 
sb. to fall, or tread heavily — 
implying a forceful yielding to 
pressure, as when a weighty 
stone is let fall into mud, or the 
feet plash through it. Also, 
Sos8, sb. a puddle; and Boss, 
V. n. and v. a. to lap. Wh. Gl. ; 
gen. The word is also used suh- 
eiantiveli/f in the last connection, 
for the Liquid lapped, or intended 
for lapping. Called also lap 
[laap*]. In conversation, the 
noun to which the verb is related 
is often left to be imderstood, as 
in the phrases, 'It went »om,' 
t. €. on the groimd ; * to come 
»088* — to come in contact with 
the object imderstood. 

So the\ lo the', l^aksta! 

[•soodh'u, 'loodh-u, 'li'h'kstu!] 
an ejaculative manner of inviting 
attention to extraordinary ob- 
jecte. Jill. 01. ; Mid. The pro- 
nunciation of bo and ?o, as in- 
dicated, are peculiar to this 
phrase, although forms vary. 
These are [suoh**, sih**, seh •, 
saoh'*], and [luoh]-, leh'*, laoh**] 
in pause; and, in association, 
without the respective fin^ ele- 
ments, save when a consonant 
follows. The coalescence of verb 
and pronoun, as in the last 
word, is excessively common 
in both rural and town dialect ; 
resulting in numerous idiomatic 
short pmases, the words of which 
are often not much more in sound 
than a single letter. Other 
phrases, similar to the above, 
employed in Mid- Yorkshire, are, 

* 8e* the' buds, U' the' buds ! ' 
[•Sidhni buodz', 'lidh* u buodz* !], 
Stt thee huty look thee hut ! * Hods 
t'e buds ! ' ['Aod* stu buodz* I], 
Hold theey hut .'= Stay a moment ! 

* Hi' the' buds !' ['Idh-u buodz- !], 
probably, Hither but ! * Hi' the' 
Duds, here!' ['Idh'u buodz* 
i*h*r !], probably, Hither hut, here ! 


= Come here at once ! ' Hark'e 

fobuds!' [■Anka(Biid[:e'h'ke]) 
tu. buodz" !], Hark thee, but ! 
= Liaton, now ! ' Hear till 
him I ' [-Trh' til- (or [tiv]) im-!], 
Hear to him I ^= Listen to him ! 
' Mind's Ve buods ! ' [Maa-ndz tu 
buodz- 1], Mind thou, but ! = 
Take care ! ' Sootha, sootha ! ' 
rSoo-dhu, soo-dhu!], porhapa a 
form of ttx/thly, the phrane mean- 
ing, Truly, truly f Those are 
recuning phrases, and many 
more pertaining to this locality 
might De noted. 

Songh [soow], verb imp. a 
veather tenn — to blow, in wail- 
ing gasAe. Wh. 01. ; gen. Also, 
a stibttantive. 

Soogh [auof'], V. n. to sob or sigh 
out, as a dying wind. IT^ 01. ; 
gen. In use, too, to denote the 
tone of coBsation accompanying 
human sobs, as the involuntary 
half-hiccup of a child concluding 
a crying bout. Also, a tubaUm- 

Sour-dooken [sno'b'-dokin], field 
sorrel. Wk. 01. ; gen. 

Sour-doi^lt [sooh''-d:ih'f, (and) 
duoh'f], the more homely equi- 
valent of leatrn. The refined 
form is [Boawh'-dao"f] ; Mid. 

Sousing: [soo-zjn], a<ij. bulky ; 
of large dimensioDS ; great in 
quantity; Mid. Bouaer [soo'zur], 
the substontdve form, but not 
applied to quantity. ' A groat 
toaaing follow' [U gri'h't soo'zin 
fol-u]. ' A aouiing lot ' [U soQ-zin 
lofj • That '8 none a bttlo one." 
' Hut took at that for the louier ! ' 

tDhaeta- no'h'n u lit-u'l un- 
ud- lihl ut- dhaaf fii" t 

Sonter [saowt'iir], t. a and v. a. 
to lounge ; Mid. ' A groat tortUr- 
ioq follow ' [U gri'h't Baowt'urin 

Sowl [saowl], V. a. to drench or 
immerse tborougbly. Soirling> 
[saow'lin], sb. a ducking. Wh. 
01. (the verb slightly varying in 
interpretation) ; gen. 

Sowp [saowp-], v. a. and v, n, to 
soak. IFh. 01. past part. ; gen. 

Sowter [saow-t'ui], a shoemaker. 
Wh. 01. : Mid. 

8oilterorow]L[saow- (and) soo-fu- 
kroon], a stupid person, of lazy, 
loun^mg habits; Mid. The 
vowel in crovm at all times un- 
dergoes well-defined changes in 
those and immediately connected 
localities. Thus, in Lowar Nid- 
derdalo, the change is to [iv-] ; 

[uw] the i«t, and [aow'j the 
current form of the market- 
towns; north- weet of Mid- Yorks., 
S'w] is heard ; to the south of 
same locality, the common 
vulgar form is [aa*] — inordin- 
ately long at most times — a less 
vulgar [aa'w], and the usual 
ref. one [aaw]; while to the 
south-west, [e-h'i, together with 
[e-], prevails, the last more eha- 
rnctcristic of village dialect, but 
the two forme interchanging, in 
the speech of the conunon people. 
SptUlfl [spo'li'n], V. impers. and sK 
to discolour naturally ; gen. Com 
tvanet when, durmg an un- 
tavourablo spring-time, it turns 
in colour from groon to yellow. 
'What'sthatf • A«pane ' [Waats- 
dhaat-f Uspe-h'n],adiacolouTa- 

[spoang], V. ft. to Ihrour 
violenco ; to walk at a 
groat pace : with this meaninc 
the word being usually followed 
by 'along'[u1aang-]. Bpang-hue 
fspaftug'-'niw"], to dash from the 
hand to a distance laterally. 
H'A. Ci-.-gen. The A is invan- 
ably strongly aspirated. South- 
ward, the usual form is [speng- 
■wiw, (and) "wew"'' ' ' 


n is [spei 
■], tie : 




. > 

Towd beiBg equal in interchange, 
and, in each case, the first w 
my emphatic. AIbo, a substan- 
Uve, in tne seyeral forms noted. 

Bpanking Tspaangk'in], adj. 
*' Lusty^^f large size, or span." 
Wh, Gl,: gen. Spanker 
[spaangknir], so. also. 

Sptather-new [spaan*dhur-niw*] ; 
or ^jiander-new [spaan'd'ur- 
CT Span-new [spaan*- 
or Brand-new fbraan*- 
; or Branderspan [braan*- 
d'urspaan*]; or Branapantlier 
nnraan'spaan'dhur, (and) -spaan*- 
aor], aaj. Brand-new is usual 
in received English, and the rest 
of the forms have the same 
meaning, t. e. a state of bright 
newness. They are general, 
the third and fourth forms being 
least heard. In those forms 
where new is omitted, its omis- 
sion in speech is usual 

Spawder [spao*h'd*ur], v. n. to 
sprawl. Spawdered[8pao'h*d'ud], 
sprawled ; sprawly, * as the legs 
01 young birds when turned 
crookedly oyer their backs. * Wh, 
01, ; Mid. Also, a substantive. 

Sp^ak [spi'h'k], a spoke; Mid. 
Sp^ak - shav [spi*h'k - shaay], 

Bpean [spi-h'n, spo'h'n (ref .)], y. a. 
to wean. Wh. 01. ; Mid. Also, 
substantively, for a nipple. 

Speck [spek'], a patch ; Nidd. 

Speer [spi'h'r], y. a. to raise or 
Bustam, by natural or mechan- 
ical power, as by loyerago ; gen. 

Spelder [spel'd^ur], y. a. and 
y. n. to spell. Spelder-book 
[8pel*d*u-bi"h'k], spelling-book. 
Wh. 01.; gen. The 01. has 
beuk [biwk*], which is the com- 
mon pronunciation in Niddor- 
dale, out extremely casual in 
Mid- Yorkshire. 

Spelk [spelgk* (and, occasionally) 
spilgk'], a splinter; a short 

wooden rod. Wh. Gl.; gon. 
Spelk, sb. alse ; Mid. 

Spell and knor [spol* un-nor*, 
nuor'* (and, casually, in Mid- 
Yorks., naaV)]. Wh. Gl. ; gen. 
A game played with a wooden 
ball, and a stick, fitted at the 
striking end with a club-shaped 
piece of wood. The spelly made 
to receiye and * spring ' the ball 
for the blow, at a touch, is 
generally a simple contrivance 
of wood, an inch or so in breadth, 
and a few inches long, but may 
also bo, in those modern days, 
an elaborate piece of mechanism, 
with metal cup, catch, and 
spring; together with spikes, 
for fixing into the soil, &c. The 
players, who usually go in and 
out b^ turns each time, after a 
preliminary series of tippiugs of 
the sptll with the sticK in one 
hand, and catches of the ball 
with the other, in the process of 
calculating the momentum neces- 
sary for roach of hand, are also 
allowed two trial * rises,' in a 
striking attitude, and distance is 
reckoned by scores of yards. In 
the south, the yowel in knor is 
at all times [u*], and in the 
designation of tne game the 
nouns ore inverted, as is often 
the case, too, in the speech of 
northern speakers. 

Spew [spiw], v. n. and sb. to 
slip, not as Uind, but as soil will 
do; Mid. In constructing a 
' sike,' for the drainage of land, 
gravelly earth will often break 
edge, and spew. It is a term 
most associated with light run- 

* ning soil. 

Spice [spaa's], " the common term 
hero for sweetmeats and confec- 
tioneiy of all sorts, but especi- 
ally ix)r gingerbread articles." 
Wh. 01. In Mid-Yorks., and 
the north, and universally in the 
south, Bpice means srv'eots of all 
kinds, t. e. sugary compounds 
consumed by suction. Tnere ia 


* spin ' cake ' [iTmn-s - knh'k], 
plumcake, or tpiced bread (noTBr, 
oa in tho plossary, " too-cakos 
witii cuiranta," which are iimply 
' ountint-cakos ' [kon'-k:ih'kB]), 
but in this reUtiOQ the -wota, 
properly heard, Tonld be aj»W ; 
the pronunciatioii of tbe d [t] 
before the ooDBonant roqiuriog 
an ^ort a natiTO speaker dooa 
not thiiik it worth while to en- 
gage in. 
Spiff [apif-, spi-h'f], adj. uncom- 
monly fine, or frpruce in apparel 
Also, applied to a perwn who is 
in UDUHUally Kood spirits ; Mid. 
'SomethinK ailed the (foodman 

Cterday, out he 'a tpiff enough 
day ' [Buomlit ya'h'ld t gi'h d- 
nmaa' yus'tudu, buod' eez' Bpi'h'f 
Spin'le - oliuT [spinul- che'h'r]. 
The Terv common kind of arm- 
chair, of plain wood and work- 
mandiip, geta thia name; gen. 
It coDBi^, in groat purt, of 
wooden tpindlti. 

■pinner - maali [spin'u - mecdi] 
( \n. Gl.), but the last word of 
this compound is more commonly 
board alone. 

Spit [flpit], a spade, narrow and 
flat in the blade, used for cutting 
through turf soil, ftc WT>. 01. ; 

Spittle [apit'u'l], 8b., y. n., and 
T. a. a spade, used for light cUg- 
ging, which is ipittling. The 
square board, witli a short flat 
handle, used in putting cakes 
into an oven, is a ' baking-«p(Yt/e' ; 
gen. Tho very long -handled 
article of this kind, used by tho 
few town bakers which exist 

Split [splct-], a cleft, or fissure . 

Bpluftder [ppluo-h'd'urj, v. n. to 
spread, or display shoirily, or 
ostentatiously. BploAderment 
rspluo'h'd'umint], eb., an exhi- 
bition of thia nature; also, "ex- 
traTBgance in mode of espree- 
sion.'^ Wh. m. ; gen. Spider 
is also a tuhitantivt, but with a 
literal meaning, which likewise 
attaches to the verb, and to the 
Bubstantivo before noted. One 
emptying a sack of potatoes on 
the ground will be told to heap, 
and not ajtlOadrr, or make a 
tpHkidtrmml of them — an awk- 
ward spread of them. The re- 
fined vowel is [ao*], losing the 
final element. 

SpAad [spuo'h'd, spao'h'd], ap- 
plied, substautivoly, to an elon- 
gated, concave end belonging to 
any small object. Tho Wh. 01. 
has "tho split of a pen, the 
point ; " but the end of a onill, 
t. g. may be all tpCad, and nave 
neither split nor point ; gen 

Sponge [spuoi^-], applied to anr 
preparation for ralaing [raa'iin], 
- - '- -'-.—-■- _ 4ough [di'h'fj. 
Used, a&o, as a 

or lightening dougl: 
n'h. 01.; gen. Used, 

Bprag [spraag-], a blndgeon, or 
large, wieldy piece of wood ; gen. 

Sprafgy [Bpraag-i], adj. bony, or 
knotty, nil. or. .- ICd. 

Sprayleta! [Bprehlitsll, akindly 
inteijectdon; Mid. 'iJlessthee, 
bairn! iSprayI«(<onthee, hon^l' 
[■BUe- dhu, bo-h'n I ■Spreh'Gta 
aoh'' dhu, in'i 1] 

Sprcatb [sprih'dhj ; or Sprmtk 
[sproe-dhj, T. a. to spread ; Hid. 
Spread [spri'h'd], and tprad 
[sproo'd}, are common, too. 

Sprent [sprint], the tongue of 
metal, which, hinged to a lid, 
of any kind, fits into the lock, 
by moans of a catch that receives 
the bar. tVh. Gl. ; Mid. 

Spreat [sprint], t. a. to sprinkle. 



bracL rr A. Gri. , 

Wh. 01; gen. Past part, 
[spreiit*]. Both forms are also 
heizd nManiively. 

headless nail, or 

Sprint [sprint*], a very small 
round piece of ore ; Nidd. 

Spnint [spraont'], adj. and sb. 
steep. JVh, GL; gen. 

Spnrning-ganner [spaon-in- 

gaanur]]. A swift-footed person 
gets this name ; Nidd. 

Spvrrings [spuor'inz], the banns 
of marriage. Wh, 01.; gen. 
Spurs [spuorz*] is also employed, 

Squab [skwaab*], a long bench, 
usually cushioned, and boarded, 
' langsettle *- fashion, from the 
bottom, to the scat at the back 
and sides, but left open in the 
front, for the sitters' logs. Wh, 
Ql. : Mid. 

{(qnatter [skwaat'-ur], v. a. and 
sb. te sqidrt ; Mid. 

Staddle [staadni'l], an impression 
left on a surface by any object, 
as a beam-end which has rci^tcd 
on the soil ; the print being often 
called a ttaddlemark [stoadu*!- 
meh*kj. Also, a soiled place, 
as where dirt has been cngruincd 
by rubbing in. Wh, 01.; Mid. 
.Also, a stain. 

Stag [staag*], a young horse. 
Wh. GL ; Mid. 

Btagmire [staag'm:aa'yh*r, (and, 
very frequently) staag*m:ih*r], 
an awkward, ill-gaited person ; 
Mid. The substajitiye mire is 
never heard in the dialect, as a 
single word. "When road, its 
pronimciation, in both vulgar 
and refined speech, is [meyh'r]. 

Staith [sti-h'dh, sto-h'dli], a land- 
ing or loading place for river- 
vessels. Wh, Ul. ; gen. Tho 
southern pronimciation is [ste'h'j 

Stall [stao'h'l], v. a. and v. n. to 
tire, weary, or satiate; te dis- 
gust, to pall. A verb in exces- 
sive use. * Thou *d stall a toad 
out' [Dhood* stao-hl u te'h'd 
oot*], would weary a tead out. 
I.e. to the point of resentment. 
In this, as in other common 
words, the teno forms part of 
the meaning. The Wh. 01. ex- 
amples tho past part., — ' ' satiated 
witn eating." 

Standard [.st'aand'ud]. Beans 
are called standards; probably 
from their being the last crop to 
be harvested. The old people of 
a village go by the name of tho 
* aw'd standards.^ * I can't tell 
you no more about it, but if you 
gang te one o' f old standards 
you are safe te got t^ know 
evorj'thiiig ' [Aa* kaa'ut tel* yu 
nu me'h'r uboo't it*, but* if yu 
gaang* tu yaon* u t ao'h'd 
st'aan'd'udz yur* si'Vf tu git* 
tu naoh' ivrithing]. A stray, 
stunted stalk of wheat, left by 
the sicklo, is called a standard^ 
too; Mid. 

Stang [staang], v. a., v. n., and 
sb. te sting; **te shoot with 
pain*' Wh. OK (last sense); both 
equally common generally. 

Stang [staang-], a pole. *The 
stang ' is * ridden ' by the young 
men and lads of the villages very 
generally, by custom, on occa- 
sions when domestic broils have 
resulted in wife - beating, or 
where there has been unfaith- 
fulness on the part of either 
husband or wife. 117*. 01, ; gen. 

Stark [ste'li'k], adj. stiff, or rigid; 
tight; unjaelding, as a door 
with rusty hinges. Starken 
[stoh'-ku'n, stuku'n (ref.)], to 
etiiYen ; also, to tighten ; but, in 
this ap])licati()n, the first of these 
foniis is only employed. Wh, 
GL ; gen. 

Starvations [staa-ve-h'shus], adj. 
chilly. Wh. 01, ; gen. 



Stanving [staoh'vin], adj. star- 
ing, and clumsy in gait. Wh, 
OL; gen. 

Stay [staav], staff; gen. 

Stave [ste'hV], v. a. and v. n. 
expressive of a precipitate motion 
in walking ; to haste, with effort; 
Mid. ' How he does stave along ! ' 
[Oo i diz* ste'hV ulaang* !]. fiie 
vowel is in interchange with [i] 
among old people. 

Stawp [stao'h'pl, v. n. to stamp 
and stride widely in walking. 
Wh, 01, ; gen. Also, a Buhstan' 

Stawter [stao-h*t*ur], v. n. to 
stumble. Wh, Gl, ; Mid. 

St^ad [sti'h'd], v. a. to put in the 
place of; gen. A poor farmer^s 
wife, who has enough to do to 
make ends meet, wul adopt the 
following form of calculation, 
with respect to her dairy pro- 
duce : * There 's t* butter : that 's 
steaded for f meat; there's t' 
eggs, for t* back (for clothes); 
an t* geese we must stead to- 
wards t rent ' [Dhi"h*z t buof 'ur : 
•dhaats' sti'h'did fao t mi'h*t; 
dhuz' t eggz% fur* t *baak* ; un* 
t gee's wi* mim* sti'h'd ti*h*dz t 

Steck [stek*] ; or Steek [stcek*] ; 
or Steak [stih^'k], y. a. to fasten, 
or latch ; to close. The Wh, 01. 
quotes the first form. The several 
forms are more or less heard 

Steem [stee^m] ; or St^am 
[sti'h'mj, V. a. to bespeak ; gen. 
Steim [stoym] is, too, an occa- 
sional pronunciation, but this 
may bo regarded as having been 
imported trom the south of the 

Steer [stih'r], v. a. to deafen; 

Steg [steg-], a gander. Stegging 
[steg-in], adj. clownish in gait, 
and of a staring manner; applied, 
also, to one who stumps ana 

strides about awkwardly. Wh, 
01,; gen. The }Vh. 01, con- 
nects Uie adjective in this last 
sense with itag^ pronoimced 
[steg'j, but the verb to stag, in 
use ^nerally, has this meaning, 
and in idea is always associated 
with a gander. 

Stenthing [stiw-dliinl adj. of 
large dimensions; jkidd. A 
*steuthing chimney* [stiw'dhin 

Steyvon [stevun, stivun], v. n. 
to cry out loudly ; to roar. Wh, 
01,; gen. Also, substantively. 

Stickle - haired [stik*u'l-6"h'd] , 
a4j. bristiy. Wh, 01,: Mid. 
Bristle, sb. is in use generally, 
and is pronounced [bruos'ul]. 

Stiddy [stid'i], sb. anvil ; gen. 

Stife [staa'f], adj. dose, or rank ; 
approximating to a foetid state. 
Used of the atmosphere. Wh, 
01,; gen. 

Stiller [stil'ur], a wooden disc, 
laid on the surface of water, to 
steady it, when a quantity is 
being borne in a pail, milk-can, 
or similar article. Wh, 01, ; gen. 

Stinkabont [stingkniboot], one 
who is purely troublesome gets 
this name ; gen. 

Stirmp-stockiiigs [stur'up-stok- 
inz], sb. pi. knitted yam over- 
alls, used for winter- wear ; Nidd. 

Stither [stid'-u], v. a. to steady. 
Wh, 01, ; Mid. 

Stoarces [stuo'h'siz], a fi-amo to 
support a wooden roller, in the 
process of heaving or hoisting 
by hand ; Nidd. 

Stob [staob*], V. a. to convulse, 
or * choke with grief,' as is the 
figurative phrase ; Mid. 

Stob [stob*], a stub, a post; a 
stump ; a splinter ; the prick of 
a plant. Stob, v. a. also, to 
prop, or support. Wh, Ol, ; 
gen. Stob is also a veth active. 



-with the meaning, to receive a 

Stock [stok*], often bei^rd for 
ttoeking; Mid. 'Now then, I 
am ready for going — stock, shoes^ 
and gaiter ' pToo dnin*, Aa*z ridi 
fii gaang'in — stok* shuon* nn* 
geh 't'u], or [shi-h'n nn* gih'-fu], 
as most old people prefer to say. 

Stook [stock*], a dozen sheaves 
of oats, or barley, laid piled on 
one side ; gen. 

Stootk [stoo'dh], v. a. to lath and 
plaster; Mid. 

Storance [staor-uns], a stir, or 
oommotiou; gen. The verb, to 
stir, is pronounced as the first 
part of £he word — [staor*]. 

Store [8tuoh'*r]. Joined to good, 
this word is used adverbially. 
Wh, 61,; gen. *How did you 
like the meeting yesterday P' 
'GkK)d store, good store; I was 
well pleased* [Oo did* yu laa'k 
t mih**tin yus'tudu ? *Gih'*d 
stuoh'r, 'ffih^'d stuoh*r ; aa* wur 
wee'l pli*h'zd]. [Not connected 
with tne sb. store ; but with the 
loeL st&rr, great, stdrnm, very 
much. Mr Atkinson has already 
observed this in his Cleveland 
Glossary.— W. W. S.] 

Stork [stao-h'k, stirk (ref.)], a 
yearling — applied to cattle. Wh, 
01 : gen. 

Stot [stof], a steer. Wh, Gl, ; 

Stotter [stof'u], y. n. and sb. to 

shiver; Mid. 

Stonp [staowp*], a wooden drink- 
ing veeseL Wh, 01,; gen. 

Stonr [stuo'h'r, staowb'-r], a cloud 
of dust; a commotion of any 
description. Wh, 01, ; gen. 

Stoven [stov'u'n], a shoot from 
the remaining part of a fallen 
tree. Wh, 01. ; Mid. [A.S. 
ttofn, the stem of a tree; Iccl. 
sfo/n, a stem, but also a stump 
of a cut tree.— W. W. S.] 

Stower [staow'h'r, stuoh'r], a 
cross rail, or bar of wood. Wh. 
01, ; gen. Also, a natural 
cudgel, or hedgestake. *He'd 
neither stick, staff, nor stower* 
[Id* ne*h'd*ur stik* staaf-, nur* 
staow'h'rj, had no stick of any 
kind; Mid. 

Stowp [staowp*]; or Stcap 
[stih'-p^ ; or Stoop [stoop'l a 
post. Wh, 01, (first and last 
form); gen. The lost form is 
least used. The second one is 
the verb, 

Strackling [st'raaklin], a de- 
ranged, or distracted person; 

Straddler [straad'iur], used of a 
young tree, when growing from 
the root of a parent one ; gen. 

Straight Fsfreyt*, st'reet*, (and 
occ.) sfrinH], v. a. to straighten ; 

Straightwards [st'reyt*-, st'reet*-, 
(and occ.) 8frih**tudz] ; or 
Straightlys [sfreyt*liz], adv. 
straightway; Mid. 

Stramash [st*raam*ush], a state 
of wreck, or destruction ; Mid. 

Stramp [»t'raamp], v. a. to tread 
underfoot; gen. 

Stray [stre* h']. The common land 
appertaining to some localities, 
as York and Harrogate, goes by 
this name. At York, tiie his- 
toric name of the great common, 
* Knavesmire,' is more generally 
heard. At both places, tho 
peasantry occasionally employ 
the dental t, 

StrGak rst'ri'h'kl, v. a. to garb, 
or bedizen. Tne Wh, 01, has 
the jmst of streak out. In 
Mid-Yorkshire, and the north 
generally, it is a common usage 
for a pronoun to follow the verb 

Streck [st'rek*], adj. straight; 
Btreckly [sfreckli], adv.; Up- 
per Nidd. * Oo thy ways streckfy^ 



now * [Gkian' dhi wi'h'z 'stxek'li, 

Streek [st'reek'], v. n. to stretch, 
or lay out. Wh, 01, ; Mid. 
Strdch [sf rich'] is usually em- 
ployed actively ; gen. 

Strensal [Stren-su'lj. * That 's a 
capper o* Strensal* rDhaats* u 
kaap'ur u Stren'sulj. A pro- 
Terbial remark in respect of any- 
thing which has produced aston- 
ishment; Mid. Sirenshall is a 
biffgish Tillage in the north- 
ridmg, a few miles from York. 
A similar phrase, likewise cur- 
rent, 'That's come fra ower t* 
moor,' may be the equivalent of 
the first one. It is, however, 
probable that so considerable a 
village acquired a notoriety for 
recounting tales of itself, and 
hence tbe proverb. Between 
some villages, there exists a mild 
state of feud, which finds dis- 
play in the sawing down of each 
other's Maypoles, and in other 
proceedings, on the part of the 
*lads,' of groat size. The in- 
habitants collectively of a village 
are, in many cases, humorously 
dosiGrnated, in supposed charac- 
ter, by a byname, usually coarse, 
and always unfair. 

Strickle [st'rik'u'l], a scythe- 
sharpener. Wh, 01. ; gen. 

Stride -kirk [straa-d - kur'k], a 
clumsy, awkward-gaited person ; 

Stroke [st'ruoh'k, st're-h'k], a 
measure of two pecks, or half a 
bushel ; gen. Tne last distinct 
pronunciation is much fovoured 
ny the old people of Mid- York- 
shire and tne north. The first 
is nearly general to the county. 

Strown [straow-n], a runlet of 
water, answering the purpose of 
the *8ike,' but not having the 
same force of current; Mid. 
[Ct Hrand^ used in the eenee 
of m mmU itrMm by Qaw»iii 

Douglas; see Jamieson's Soot. 
Diet.— W. W. S.] 

Stmcken [st'ruok-u'n], p. t of 
struck c= astonished. Wh, Gl, ; 
gen. The verb is common, too, 
preceded by fair [fe'h'] = quite. 

S^imt [st'ruont*], applied to a 
short tail. Tf/i. GL ; Mid. 

Struntish fsfnion'tishl ; or 
Strunty [stWon'ti], acy. ill- 
humoured; short-tempered and 
obstinate. WK, 01 ; Mid. 

Stmt - stower [st*ruot*-staowh*r 
(and) stuoh'rl, a wooden bar, or 
stake, placed buttress - fa^on 
against a fence, for its support. 
}Mi. 01, ; gen. 

Stub [stuob'], sb., V. n., and v. a. 
stump. The verh^ when applied 
to tree stumps, is usually fol- 
lowed by tip. as in the Wh, 01, ; 

Stuffle [stuof 'ull, a state of angry, 
breathless perplexity ; Mid. 'He 
can't speak, he 's in such a stuMe ' 
[I kaant spi'h'k, ee*z i saa*k u 
stuof u'l], too angry to speak 
connectedly — ^from over-excite- 

Stunge [stuonj*], in a stunned 
state. Wh, Gl. ; Mid. 

Stnnt [stuont'l, a fit of obstinacy. 
Stuntish, aqj. Wh. Gl. ; gen. 
Also, stunty [stuonii], a4}. 
[A.S. stunty blimtl stupid, foolish. 
— W. W. S.] 

Stunt [stuont'l, ac^'. short and 
thick. TfTi. Gl. ; gen. 

Stnt [stuot*], V. n. to stutter. 
JVh. 01. ; gen. Also, substaU" 

Sty [st:aa\v], a pustule incident to 
the eyelid, Wh. 01. ; gen. 

Sucker [suoknir], a shoot from 
the root of a fallen tree ; Wd. 

Sug [suog*]; or Sew [siw], a 
sow; gen. 

Snmph [suomf-], a sink ; a covered 
dnun. IHL QL ; gen. 



Sunder [suon*d*ur], v. a. to ex- 
pose to^r create warmth by the 
sun. Wh, 01. ; Mid. 

Sundown [8uon'doo"n], sunset; 
the time of early evemng. Wh, 
01,; gen. 

Snny [Siw-ni] ; or Snke [Siwk] ; 
or Suky [Siwki]; or Sucky 
rSuoki, Suo'ki], Susan, or 
Dusanna; gen. 

Snp rsuop-], V. a., V. n., and sb. 
to orink; also, Buhstantivtlyy in 
the sense of a litth. In each 
case, the subetantiye has also a 
plural form. Suppings is most 
usual in application to liquids 
taken with a spoon. Wh. 01.; 

Snther [suod'mr], v. impers. 
to seethe ; Mid. 

Swab [swaab*], a person of 
drunken habits. Wh, OL ; Mid. 
Also, the name for a heavy kind 
of mop, made of pieces of cloth. 

Swad [swaad*], a * hull,' or shell ; 
used of vegetable growths. 117*. 
01. ; gen. 

Swaimish [swe-h'mish], adj. dif- 
fident ; timorous. Wh, 01, ; gen. 

Swank [swaangk*], v. a. and v. n. 
to eat with gusto. Swanking 

tswaangkin], adj. of large, 
lealthy size. Wh, 01, ; ifid. 
Also, swanker [swaangk'ur], 
sb. large and lusty ; huge and 
structurally perfect, as applied 
to a building, e. g. 

Swap [swaap'l, v. a. and v. n. to 
exchange. \Vh. 01, ; gen. Also, 
a ntbitantive, 

Swape [swe'h'p], a wheel handle ; 

Swarble [swaa'bul], v. a. and 
T. n. to climb, chiefly implying 
hand action ; Nidd. 

Swarth [swi-h'dh, sweh'dh], 
grass ; gen. ' Swarth - balks ' 
[Swe-h'dh - baoh*ks], the end 
portions of a field, left un- 

ploughed, for a cart- way. When 
these portions are tilled, they 
are called 'headlands* [i*h*d- 
lunz, yi'h'dlunz], [Swaa'dh], 
the ref . form, is very much heard. 

Swarth [swe'h'dh, swaadh*, 
swaa'dh (ref.)], the skin of 
cooked bacon. Wh, OL ; gen. 

Swash Tswaash'], v. a. and v. n. 
to wash or sway about in volume 
turbulently, as wator in a pail, 
with the motion of conveyance ; 
or, as waves amongst rocks. Wh. 
01, ; gen. Also, aubstarUively, 

Swat [swaat'l, v. n. and adv. to 
faU flatly ; Nidd. < It fell ewai 
to t* groimd * [It* fel* swaat* tu t 
gruolid]. * Swat it down ! ' 
[Swaat* it* doo'n!]. Dash it 
down! *It fell swat' fit* fel* 
*swaat*], fell flat, with violence. 

Swat [swaat*], v. a. to sit, or be 
seated. * Swat thee down ' 
[Swaat* dhu doo*n], sit you 
down; Nidd. Also heard in 
the extreme south. It is not 
known anywhere in the localities 
between. [Of. £ng. $ouat ; so 
also Bwirt is to $quirt, — ^W. W. S.] 

Swatch [swaach*], a small cut 
portion of anything, as a $wateh 
taken from a piece of goods, for 
a pattom. Wh. 01, (with a re- 
stricted meaning) ; gen. 

Swatter [swaat**ur], v. n. and 
V. a. to sweat down, litoraUy 
and figuratively. Swatterment 
[swaat' *umintj, a remaining 
quantity. Wh, 01, ; gen. The 
word is widely applied. 

Swattle [8waat*u'l], v. a., v. n., 
and sb. to let nm to wasto, as one 
dissipatos sayings by a succes- 
sion of little extravagances; 
Mid. *I£ thou'd taken it by 
the lump thou *d ha' been fright- 
ened to begin with ; but thou 'd 
no sense to look at it in that 
light, till thou'd 9wattlrd it 
clean away, by bit and bit' [It 
dhood' ti*h'n it* hi t* luo*mp 



dHood* n Hn* freet^iind ta Ingin* 
wi; boot* dhoo'd n«*h' sens* ta 
lih'k aat- it- i -dliaat- lee-t, 
(peaaantB* ret Raa-t]) til* dhood* 
swaat-u'ld it* tli'h*ii nwe-h', bi 
bit* un* bit*]. 

8w^ [swi'hl], ▼. a. and ▼. n. to 
waste, or gatter away, as a 
candle exposed to the wind. 
Wh. OL; gen. 

Swebby [sweb'i], adv. faint; 

Sweb [sweb*], a bwooh ; Mid. 

Swelt [swilt*, swelt*], ▼. a. and 
▼. n. to become heated to the 
xoelting degree; to sweat pro- 
fusely ; to smother with wraps ; 
to suffocate ; to be in a state of 
feyerish excitement, and, as it 
were, ready to perspire. Much 
used in figure. Wh, OL (with a 
limited application) ; gen. 

Swidge [swij*]^; or S wither 
fswidh^nr, swid'*ur], t. a. to 
Dum, or smart, in a quickly 
pulsating manner. Wh, 01, ; 
gen. \Qi, IceL «vtiSf , the smart 
caused by a bum; from M^fSa, 
to singe.— W. W. 8.] -Swidge is 
also employed as a nngnlar n^ 

Swilk [swilk*], v. n. and sb. to 
plash about, like a little water 
in a rolling cask ; gen. 

Swill [swil*], hogwash. Wh.CR.; 

Swill [swil*], a shallow basket, 
without handle. Wh. 01. ; Mid. 

Swingle fswing-u'l], v. a. To 
mnngle line, is a process in 
dressing it for flax. A nvingle 
is an edged implement of wood, 
used for beating and separating; 

Swingle - tree [8wing*ul - free** 
(and) t*ri], a small swing-bar; 

Swipple [swipu*!], a flail ; Mid. 
Swirt [swu't, swut'], V. a., v. n., 

and flb. to run swiftly ; Nidd. 

Swirt [swu't], sb., y. a., and v. n. 
squirt; gen. Often with a short 
Towel-sound. Employing a low 
figure, it will be said, 'Now, 
then, 9unri ! ' [Noo dhen*, swut* !I 
be off! 

Switeh [swich*], v. a. to make 
drunk. Wh. Ql. ; Mid. 

Switehing [8wich*in], adj. aston- 
i^shingly great; of great bulk. 
Switcher [swich*a], sb. any- 
thing great in substance, manner, 
or conception. Wh. 01. ; gen. 

fihnzzen [swim'n], v. a. to singe, 
or bum down. Wh* 01.; gen. 
Shortened, also, to awix, with 
the restricted meaning of, to 
tingt. The last form is also used 

Swixxle [8wiz*a1]; or Swinle- 
ment rswiz*u'hnent (and) mint], 
apnlied to any kind of beverage, 
imbibed incessantiy. Wh. Ul.; 
gen. A more emphatic term is 
gnssle {gaorv^\]t implying 
great immoderation m nse. 

Sword - slipings [swuo-h'd-, 
swu'd-, su'd-, sao'd-, (in order 
of refinement) slaa*pinz, (and) 
sleypinz (ref )], sb. pL a figura- 
tive term eqmyalent to the com- 
mon one 'daggers-drawing,' as 
used of people at shaip enmity 
with each other. Wh. 01 ; Mid. 

Syler [saaylur], the fresh-water 
shrimp; gen. 

T& [teh', tae-1 ; or T4in [t:e*h'nl ; 
or TAan [fcih'n] ; or T&t [ti-h*], 
a4j. the one ; gen. Though these 
forms maybe conyenientiy varied, 
their being so does not foUow of 
necessity. At times one or other 
of them are put to a wilfrd use, 
as if to baflie all but native ears 
in the endeayour to get a mean- 
ing out of them. Let us suppose 
a speaker addressing three per- 
sons; and here is a sample sen- 



tenoe : ' Let fa be at fa side, and 
to wi' to at tother ' [Lit- te-h' 
biv Tit* 'tae'h' saa'cT, im* te'h' 
(or [ti'h*]) wi tae* ut* 'tuod'-u], 
a sentence often made more 
idiomatic by the substitution of 
hy [bi] for [wi] ; and, literally : 
'Let the one be at the one side 
and the one with (or, by) the 
one at the other ; ' which is plain 
enough to imderstand; so the 
Yorkshire farmer favours it with 
his yemacular, which is, as near- 
ly as possible, all of a sort to 
an unaccustomed ear. 

Tackling [taak'lin], gear, service, 
or outfit of any kind; Mid. 
• Tea - tocWt wflr * [Tih' - taaklin], 

T4e [te'h'J, sb. and v. a. the pro- 
nxmciation of toe ; gen. 

Ta^preen [taag'reen], adj. com- 
bmed with shop^ as a following 
word, is used to denote a ragmart, 
or place where odds and ends of 
apparel, and other material, are 
sold. Wh. OL; Mid. 

Tak' oflf [taak- aof-1 v. n. and 
V. a. to journey. Wh, 01, ; gen. 

Tale [te'h'l], v. n. and v. a. to 
make agree ; to reconcile, or be- 
come reconciled. Wh, GL ; gen. 

Tang [taang*]; or Teng [tong-], 
V. a., V. n., and sb. to sting ; gen. 

Tang [taang-], sb. sing, and pi. 
tangles, or ft^ndont sea-weed. 
Wh, OL ; Mid. 

Tant [taant*], v. n. to job about, 
in a slight way, doing anything 
or nothmg ; gen. 

Tantle [taan-tu*l], v. n. to go 
about, or engage in action, with 
weak, slight movement. Wh . GL ; 

Tantril [taan-t'ril], a vagrant; a 
person of vagabond habits. Wh, 
OL ; Mid. 

Tantnin [taan*t*run], v. n. to 
plod, or drudge slowly about at 
work, as is the habit of old 

people, to keep things straight, 
as they are apt to say; Mid. 
*He's tantruning about in the 
garth, now* [Eez* taan*t'runin 
uboot* i t ge'h th, noo']. 

Tappy-lappy [taap-i-Iaapi], adv. 
pell-mell; ^d. 

Tastril [tih'-st'ril, teh'-st'ril], a 
ro|:ue ; a bad-dispositioned, or, 
mischievous character. In tho 
last sense, chiefly used towards 
the young, and is often a play- 
ful term. WTt, GL ; gen. 

Tatch [taach-], v. n. to *tat'; 

Tca-grathing [ti-h'-gre-h'dhinl; 
or T^a-tattling [ti'h'-taatlin], 
tea-things. Wh, GL The first 
is a Mid- Yorkshire term; the 
last is general. In pause, or as 
an isolated word, tea is usually 
constant to its refined form, 
[teyh'J, generally. 

Teague [ti'h'g], a plague of a 
person; Mid. 

Team [tih'-m], v. a. and v. n. to 
pour; to empty. Wh, 01. In 
the last sense, the use of tho 
word is very occasional, and 
confined to Mid- Yorkshire. Tho 
past of t^am, to pour, is tame 
[te'h'm]. Southward, tiie present 
and ptst are [tov'm] and [tem*], 
respectively. The southern re- 
fined form is [tee'm]. 

Teaty ftihHil, adj. testy; touchy, 
and mclinoa to snap. Wh, OL ; 

Teav [t:ihV] ; or Tiv [tivl; 
Tev [tevl; or Tuv [tuovj; 

^, or 

T^a \\ir\f] ; or TulT [tu]*; or 
Tae [teh'O ; or Ti [ti] ; or Ti 
[te] ; w Til [til*] ; or Tul [tuol*], 
prep, forms of to. Some are but 
occasional, yet all heard. The 
V forms usually find place before 
vowels, ignoring any A's which 
may .stand in the way. They 
are, too, employed occasionally 
as emphatic words, and occur in 
pause, but not necessarily. At 



timefl, they aro beard before tbe 
OBoal contracted form of tbe de- 
finite article [t*]. Tbe consonant 
V will occur alflo before to com- 
pounding with or preceding 
anc^ber word, as in [tiy* tu- 
di'b'], to, or, until to-day. Tbis 
[tu] is the usual form in tbe 
connection indicated; and is 
also used in otber ways, but, 
considerable as tbis usage is, it is 
not Yciy noticeable. In toward^ 
!£▼ and tuv are employed, and, 
but very occasionally, tuL Old 
people are partial to [ti'] in tbis 
connection. Tbe leaet used form 
is tul, wbicb impresses one as 
baying merely strayed nortb, 
and is tbe less beard as advance 
is made in tbis direction. It is 
a form distinguisbing southern 
speech. Tiv and til may be set 
down as the most used forms, in 
connected speech ; tbe last form 
being regarded as tbe most cha- 
racteristic. Ti is highly dis- 
tinctive. Tuv straggles south, 
by way of Craven, but is essen- 
tially a rural form. [Ti] and 
[te] acquire [h'] in pause and 
emphasis, and are so constantly 
beard with tbis form in addition 
that it may readily be taken for 
being an obligatory one in rela- 
tion to the word, however used. 

T^ye [tiib'v], v. n. to act vio- 
lently, in any way, as to be 
rampant in speech, or physically 
demonstrative. Wh. 01, ; gen. 

TcU [tel*, til-], v. a. to count; 
Mid. It is often employed with 
oveff as an adverb, mostly fol- 
lowing immediately, or after the 
noun or its equivalent. This 
and tbe verb are f^uentl^ used 
in idiom by reason of an inter- 
vening preposition, * on ' for o/. 
' €K> and tea the ewe lambs oyer; 
I am afraid one of them is miss- 
ing.' * I can't tell on them now ; 
it^s over dark ' [Gaan* un* til* t 
yaow* laamz* aowb'r; Aa*z fle'b'd 
ywukr uv (or [aon-]) umz* misin. 

Aa* kaa'nt til- aon* um- uoo* ; 
its- aowh'r deh'*k]. 

Tell-pie-tit [tel--paay*-tit] : or 
Tell-piet ftel--paay'-t] ; or Tell- 
pienot [tef'-paayTiut] ; or Tell- 
pie [tel* - paay*] ; or Pienot 
[paaynut]; or Pie-ot [paay- 
ut] ; or Kan-pie [naan'-paay*]. 
The magpie gets these various 
names, which differ even in 
ne^hbouring villages, and are 
difficult to rSer to locality, ^e 
first four also designate a tale- 

* TeU-pie-tit, 
Thy tongue 11 slit. 
An' every dog i' t* town 'U get a 

BTel- paay tit' 
hi tuo'ng ul* slit* 
Un" ivri dog* it* tooTi ul* git* u bit*]. 

' Tell-pie-tit, 
Lftid a' eggt an' couldn't sit ! ' 

Eel* paay* tit* 
'b'd u egg*, un* kno*du'nt sit*], 

are samples of children's rhymes, 
in connection with tbis bird of 
imagined omen. The word is 
oue in which [aay] is usually 
employed, as indicated, but there 
are very many spellers who 
substitute [aa*] always, and this 
last vowel is practicsuly in inter- 
change with the first. 

Telt [telt*], p. t. of told. Tbia 
is but a casual pronxmciation in 
Mid- Yorkshire, the usual one 
being [tild*]. The thinning of 
the final consonant, though 
beard, also, in otber words, is a 
more noticeable feature north- 
wards, as in Cleveland. 

Temse J[temz', timz*], "a coaise 
hair-sieve, used in dressing flour." 
Wh. 01.; gen. Temsings 
[tem*2dnz], sStings. 

Tengin - ether [tengin - edbur, 
(and) idhur], the dragon-fly; 

Tent [tont*, tint*], v. a. and v. n. 



to watch orer, or care for; to 
wait upon ; to lay wait for ; to 
compare, or ooimt, t. e. to watch, 
for uie purpoee of comparing or 
enumerating. A term much 
used in ironical remarks. It is 
only employed as a neuter verb 
in uie sense first indicated. Wh. 
01,; gen. 

Tetherment [tedhniment], a bind- 
mg or wrapping of any kind. 
F^. 01, ; gen. There is an in- 
terchange of [i] with each [o]. 

Tetter [tet'nir, tit'-ur], v. a. and 
sb. to ring or curl up, towards 
entanglement. Wh, 01, past 
part.; gen. 

Tew [ti'h', teew*], v. n. and v. a. 
expressiye of the act of exer- 
tion: to labour wearily; to be 
restless against one's will; to 
finger or turn oyer with the 
hand repeatedly ; to fatigue ; to 
harass, m body or mind. Tew- 
ing [tiw*inj, past part, and adj., 
Wh, 01, t with a limited applica- 
tion. This verb is in excessive 
use over the county, and is also 
employed as a substantive, 

Tewit [tiwit], the pewit, or 
lapwing; gen. 

Thabble [thaab-u'l], a plug used 
in connection with a cream-bowl, 
and removed to withdraw the 
milk. Wh. 01,; gen. 

Thak[thaak-] ; orTheak[th:i-h'k], 
sb., V. a., and v. u, thatch. 
ThSaker [th:i*h'ku], thakker 
[thaak-uj Wh, 01, ; gen. * As 
thick as aud thak to - gedder ' 
[Uz* thik' uz' ao'h'd thaak* 
tugid^'ur]. Said of persons on 
tenns of close intimacy. 

Tharf [thaaf] ; or Thanf 
[;thao-h*f], adj. diffident ; unwill- 
mg; reluctant; tardy; gen. The 
last form is a Mid-Yorks. one. 
A thauf- comer [thao'h'f- 
kuomni] is one who comes slowly, 
in reluctance. Also, tharflsh 
[thaa'fish], adj., and tharfly 

[thaa'fli], adv. Wh, 01, ; gen. 

Theaf rdh:i-h'f] ; or Thuf [dhuof, 
dhuoh'-fl; or Thof [dhof-]; or 
Thauf tdhaof, dhaoh'*^; or 
ThAf [dhre-h'f], conj. forms of 
though. The two first are com- 
mon northern forms. Thuf, 
Thof, and Th&f, are Mid- York- 
shire forms, casual to the north. 
Thauf [dhaoh'f] is most heard 
in Mid - Yorkshire, too, and 
without the final element ; whilst 
its variant, [dhaof-J, is the refined 
form general in this locality, and 
northward. The [ao] is some- 
times heard long, but never in 
refined dialect. From short [ao] 
to lon^ [ao] the lapse is into 
vulgarity at once, in native 

Thick [thik'], adj. friendly; on 
close terms of intimacy ; in col- 
lusion. Wh, 01,; gen. 

Thick [thik-], v. impers. to 
thicken; MioL The participle 
is in use, too. * T* day's thick- 
ing* [T di'h's thikinj, getting 

Thick [thik*], adj. hard, having 
reference to hearing. 'He's 
thick of hearing' [Iz* thik* u 
jri'h'rin], hard of iiearing, or 
deaf. }Vh, 01,; gen. A more 
usual though less galnly expres- 
sion is, * thick i* t' lug' (ear) 
[thik* it* luog-]. The woiti is 
also employed as a neuter verb 
occasionally in Mid-Yorks., in 
coarse conversation . ' He begins 
to thick i' f lug a bit * [I biginz* 
tu thik* if luog* u bit"]. 

Thir [dhur-] ; or Thor [dhaor*], 
pronominal adj. these. The first 
IS a Niddordale form ; the last is 

Thiwle [thivu'l]; or Thawle 

rthaavirl], a pot or pan-stick; 
Mid. The last form is heard 
also in Nidd. 

Thoil fthao-yl]; or Thole 
[thuo'hl], V. a., V. n., and sb. a 



much-used word, with various 
shades of meaning, but all 
CTOimded, as it womd seem, on 
Sie verb to suffer ; gen. * It 
was ill to thole what ne did to 
me * nt' wur* il (and [yil*]) tu 
thuo'nl waat* i did* tu mey], 
was hard to bear. ' He 's no 
thoil in im' [Eez* ne*h' thao*yl 
in* im*], no generosity, or liber- 
ality. ' Thwl us (me) a shilling ' 
[Tliao'Tl uz* u shil'in], an apj>^ 
to gooa nature. ' An old miser; 
he can thole nobody nought' 

gin* ao'h*d maa'zur; i kun* 
uo*h*l ne'h'bdi naowt*], cannot 
bear to give. ' I know ms thoil * 
[Aa* nao* iz* thao'yll, his dis- 
position. * It was baoly thoiled ; 
it will do us no good ' [It' wur* 
baad'li thao'vld ; itul* di uz* nu 

fvh*d]. 'lie's a rare tholer* 
Eez' u re*h' thuo'h'lur], a liberal 
giyer. [A.S. \>olian, loel. |>o/a, 
to suffer, bear, endure ; cognate 
with Lat. tdlere, Sanskr. tul, to 
lift— W. W. S.] 

Thor [thaor*], pron. pL those. 
Wh, vfL ; gen., but most heard 

Thorp [thu*p], a hamlet. Wh. 
OL ; Mid. 

Thrang [thraang*, (and) t'raang], 
a^., T. a., and sb. busy; throng. 
Wh. OL ; gen. 

Thread [thri-h'd], sb. and v. a. 
the pronunciation of thread ; gen. 
The southern form is [thi^ded], 
with a varying, but less used 
one, in [threydj. 

ThrCave [thri-hV], a large pile 
of sheaves; of wheat, &c., 
twelve; of *ling,* or broom- 
hoath, twenty-four; of straw 
twelve ' bats,' or sheaves ; gen. 

Thriblous [thriblus], adj. the 
WSJ frivolous is treated ; Mid. 

Throdden [throd-u'nl, v. n. to 
thrive physicaUy. Jvh. OL ; Mid, 

Thropple [throp-u'l, thniop-ul], 
▼. a. to throttle. Thropple 

rthropml], sb. the windpipe. 
Wh. GL; gen. 

Through open fthruof- op-u'n], 
adj. a ready idiom in which the 
first word nas the meaning of 
thoroughly, and is applied to 
persons and things, or to any 
condition. A * through - open 
draught ' [d'ruoffc'], a free 
draught— one fix)m end to end, 
as through opposite doors of an 
apartment. A through-open sort 
01 person; — one whose motives 
are transparent. Wh, OL ; gen. 

Thrnm [thraom-l v. n. and sb. 
to purr. Wh, Gl. ; gen. 

Thmmmle [thniomu'l], v. a. to 
feel or test with the fingers, but 
using the thumb diiefiy. Wh, 
OL; gen. 

Thnunmy [thruom-il, adj. having 
substance, to bear feeling at, or, 
fingering and thumbing. Wh, 
OL ; gen. 

Thrusten [thruosni'n], p. t. of 
thrust, Wh, GL ; gen. 

Throstle [thruosoi'll, an occa- 
sional form of tnistle ; Mid. 
[Dunbar has the form thriuilL 
as in his poem of The ThrissiU 
and the Eois (Rose).— W. W. S.] 

Tice [taa-s], v. a. to tempt; 
Wh. GL; gen. 

Tick [tik*], a woodlouse ; gen, 

Tid [tid-], sb. an udder ; Mid. 

TidTtid*], prep, toward; Mid. 
' He was flaid (afraid) of going 
tid it ' [Ee waar* fli'h'd u gaanin 
•tid- it-]. 'Go tid it, honey' 
[Gaan- -tid* it*, in-il. One of 
the forms of to is [ti], which 
might be regarded as a doubtful 
soimd if this tid did not bring 
it out clearly. Tid is a form 
only old people indulge in ; the 
younger prefer tuward and 
tiward [tuovud], [tivud], but, 
as a rule, add « to these forms, 
even when the sense is singular. 

Tie [taa*]^ v. a. to bind, or render 



obligatory; ^n. The verb is 
usually associated with a pro- 
noun, as before the indepnite 
one in the phrase, ' It will tie 
nobody to go ' [It'ul taa* ne'hHbdi 

ta ga&n*]* ^^^ ^® P^^ pari,, as 
in we WK GL, is much more 

Tietop [taa-top, taay-, (and) tey- 
top (i^-)]» ct rosette, or nbbon- 
bow. Wn. 01. : gen. 

Ti£EfiUiy [tif'u'ni], a fine gauze 
sieve. Wh, 01. ; Mid. 

Xi^ftafljr [tif 'itaaf *i]. One who 
can neither work, nor yet let 
work alone, gets this name ; Mid. 

Tift [tift*], V. a. to set to rights, 
or a4justl Wh. OL ; Mid. 

Tift rtift'], V. n. and sb. to scold ; 
to betray hurt feelings passion- 
ately. Tiftixigr [tif'tin], sb., 
also. Wh. 01. (sbs.). 

Eke [taa-k, ta'yk, teyk (re£)], 
a dog. Much employed in ngure, 
and often bestowed playfully. 
Wh. 01. ; gen. 

TU [til], prep. to. Wh. GL; 

Tilings [taa'linz], sb. pi. tiles; 

Tine [taa-n], a prong. Wli. GL ; 

Tinkler [tingk'lur], sb. and y. a. 
tinker; Mid. As a verb, the 
word is widely applied in tho 
sense of to patch, or mend. 
' I 'm going to tinkler that up a 
bit' l^ia'z boon tu tingk'lur 
dhaat* uop* u bit]. Tinkler is 
also employed as an epithet 
towards unruly or mismanaging 
persons, young and old. 

Tipe-trap [taa-p-t'raap], a trap 
with a movable bottom, which 
fidls at one end and precipitates 
the live weight into a pit, or 
other prepare receptacle. Wh. 
01. : gen. 

Tippy [tip'i], tho brim of a hat, 

or bonnet. Wh. 01, ; Mid. 

Tite [tayt, teyt, taa*t], adv. 
soon ; gen. ' I had as tite go by 
the waygate as the Foss ' (the 
name of a river) [Aa'd uz* teyt 
e;aang* biv t wi'h*gih't uz- t 
B'aos*]. • Teyt ' is the rofinod 
form, but most usod. [Taa't], 
the vulgar form, is least heai-d. 

Titling [tit'lin], a hedge-sparrow ; 

Titter [tit*'ur], adv. sooner, soon- 
est. Wh. 01. ; gen. 'Well, 
" titter an' better," as t* th^aker 
said by t' dinner ' [Wee'I, tif'ur 
im* bet* 'ur, uz* t thih'kur sed* 
bi tf din*ur], Well, * sooner and 
better,' as the thatchor said 
(prospectively) of his dinner. 
Titterest [tit^'n'rist] suporL 

Tiv [tivl, prep. till. Heard oc- 
casionally in this sense in Mid- 
Yorks, * Thou will have to wait 
till I do' [Dhool- e tu weh'-t 
tiv aa di'h*]. 

Tiwy [tivi], v. n. to be hurriedly 
active, jtli. 01. : gen. * Now, 
come, tiwy ! ' [Noo, 'kucm, 
•tivi!], be off! *We went, as 
hard as wo could tiwy* [Wi 
wint*, uz* 'e'h'd uz* wi kud* tivi]. 
Also, euhstantively. 

Tod [tod-], a fox. Upper Nidd. 
Toffer [tof *ur] ; ar Tofferment 

[tof 'umont (and) mint], rubbishy 
material ; olids and ends. Wh, 
Ol. ; Mid. 

Toit [taoyt*], a helpless, dawdling 
person; one without managing 
capability; Mid. 

Toit [taoyt-1 ; or Hoit Faoyt-], 
V. n. to trifle foolishly. Wh. GL 
(pros, part.) ; gen. The first 
form, OS usually employed, re- 
fers directly to the action of so 
trifling, and the last beai-s a per- 
sonal reference. Toit, v. u., 
also, to dawdle. Both forms uro 
heard as 9ubstantive9. 



Toitle [taoytu'l], v. n. to busy 
one's self in a petty manner, 
with nne^ual strength ; labouring 
more in idea than reality ; Mid. 
' Poor old man of ninety ! He 

Etoitling about at fdl ends 
Mseantly), and neyer thinks 
done ' [J?uo*h'r ao'h'd maan' 
a nee'nti, i gaanz* tao}r*tlin 
uboot* ut* yaal" inz*, un* nivur 
thingks* eez' di*h*n]. 

ToU-booth [taowl'-bih'dh, boodh 
(ie£)]. The public official build- 
ing of a market-town is so 
designated in some localities of 

Tommyparsy fTom-ipaa-si], the 
stickleback; Mid. 

Tom-pimpemowl [Tom*-pim-pu- 
naowl], the pimpernel, or ' poor 
man's weather-glass ; ' gen. 

Toom [too'm], adj. empty. Wh, 
Gl,; gen. 

Topping [top-in], the foretop of 
hair. To * cowl ' [kaowl] (to 
rake, or gather) a person's top^ 
pingt is U) beat him about the 
nead. Wh, 01. ; gen. 

Torment [tu*ment], a contraction 
of the herb tormentil ; Mid. 

Torple [taoh'-pu'l] ; or Turple 
rtu-pul] ; or Torfle [taoh'fulj ; 
Turfle [tu-ful], v. n. to die. 
The term is only used in con- 
nection with animals; and the 
various forms are general. 

Tottering [tot'-u'rin], adj. vari- 
able, or indifferent ; of a charac- 
ter to create suspense. Frequent 
as a weather-term. Wh, GL ; 

TonchoUB [tuoch'us], adj. touchy; 
testy. M7i. GL; gen. 

Town [too-nl. Every little vil- 
lage gets tnis name ; the way 
through being called the Town- 
gate [too*n-g:ih't] ; gen. 

or Ttople [ti'h'pul], v. n. and 
V. a. The usual signification of 
the radical form is, to tip, or 
tilif and the affix is supplied 
when the meaning is changed 
to express over-iurning^ or in 
implying this meaning. The 
two last forms are used by old 
people; the two first are most 
generally characteristic ; the 
middle two are employed as re- 
fined forms. The three first are 
exampled in the Wh, GL ; gen. 

Towser [taowziir], a place of 
custody, having an indefinable 
locality ; Mid. < 1 11 put thee 
i' Towser* [Aa*l puot* dhee* i 
*Taowz*urJ. In some localities, 
the word is used of the common 

To-year [tu-yih*r], this year; 
Mid. Heard but at chance times. 

Trabbil [t'raab'ilj, a housewife's 
boiler-stick; Mid. 

Traoens [t're'h'sinz], sb. pL traces, 
belonging to harness ; Mid. 

Trail-tongs [t'reh'l-tengz], a slip- 
shod female, whose manner of 
movement is suggestive of the 
trailing of a pair of tongs. Wh, 
GL ; gen. 

Trallok [t'raal-uk], v. a. to trail, 
in an obstructive manner ; Mid. 
A cheap, showy dross is spoken 
of as a * trailoking thin^ ; * in 
indication of the use it is only 
good for. 

Trallop [t'raal'up] ; or Trallops 

[fraal'upsl, an untidv* indolent 
person. Trallopy [^t'raal'upi], 
adj. {m, GL);'gen. 

Tramper [t'raam*pu], a tramp, or 
vagrant Wh. GL; gen. 

Tranth [t'raansh*], v. a. and sb. 
to toil in walking, as in going 
a distance aci'oss fields on a wet 
day; Mid. 

Trap [t'raap*], v. a. to jam. Wh, 
GL past part. ; gen. 

Trapes [t'reh'ps], v. a. slightly 



as a Y. n., and substantively. To 
trudge along, with a dragging 
gait, through * thick and l£in, 
as the phrase goes. In such 
sentences, frequent in angry 
talk, where opprobrious adjec- 
tiyes accumulate, ** trapsing ** 
[t're-h'psin] [ITK 01) is often 
one of the number ; gen. 

Trash [t'raash'l, a worthless fe- 
male ; a mischievous girl. Ap- 
plied, fi^nerally, as a term of 
reproach towards females. Wh, 
01, y but where this restriction of 
meaning does not seem to be 
implied ; gen. 

Trenity [Tren-uti], Trinity. May 
be noted as a peculiar pronunci- 
ation, which obtains in the re- 
fined as well as in the vulgar 
phase; gon. In the former, 
*Holy fenitjr Church' would 
be designated [Ao'li Tren'u'ti 
Chaoch'J. In tne latter, these 
words repeated would be [Aih'li 
T'ren'u'ti ChuochJ ; and, famili- 
arly, [T'remi'ti Kaork-], Kirk. 

Tribit- stick [t'rib-it-stik] ; or 
Trivit-stick [frivit-stik*], the 
long pliable stick, with a loose 
club-end, used in the game of 
* knor and spell.' Wh, Gt., where 
there is the suggestion, that the 
first form is derived from ** three 
feet," the required length of the 
stick. This is a mistake; and 
now-a-days expert players re- 
quire a much longer-sized stick, 
for the purpose of ** getting 
swing"; gen. ITrevit or trivit, 
tHbbett and trippet are all cor- 
ruptions from the O.Fr. trehuchety 
a pitfall or trap ; see Cotgrave's 
French Dictionary. The forms 
trypet, trebgoty trepgette occur in 
the Rx)mptorium ; and irepgety 
a pitfall, occurs in Piers the 
Plowman, A, xii. 86, on which 
I have a note in the press. The 
trevit is, in fact, the trap itself; 
and the trevit^stxck the stick with 
which the trap is struck. Soo 
this discussoa in Atkinson's 

Cleveland Glossary, s. v. tribbit- 
sticky where the correct explana- 
tion (of which there need be no 
doubt) is suggested and illus- 
trated.— W. W. S.] 

Trig [frig-], V. a. (usually fol- 
lowed by a personal pronoun) 
and V. n. (casually) to feea 
plentifully, or cram ; to recover 
condition by feeding. Wh, GL 
past part. ; gen. 

Trigger [frig-ur], a hard task, 
familiarly ; Mid. * Thou 's got- 
ten (got) a trigger at last ' [Dhooz* 
git-u n u f rig'ur ut* laast*]. 

Trist [t'rist-] ; or Thrust [t'ruost-, 
t'ruo'stl, sb., V. n., and v. a. 
trust; Mid. 

Trod [t'rod-], a footpath. Wh. 
OL; gen. 

Trollybods [t'rol-ibuodz (and) 
bodz], sb. pL entrails, Wh, OL : 

Trough [t'ruof], a coffin, of old 
shape ( Wh. Gl?) ; a stone cistern; 
Mid. Trough is pronounced 

Trounce [t'roons-], v. a. to flog ; 
trouncing [froon'sin], a flog- 
ging; gen. 

Trumpery [t'ruom-puril, a pre- 
tentious, or disreputable female. 
Wh, GL; Mid. 

Trundle [t'ruon'u'lj, sb. and v. a. 
a hoop. Wh, OL (vb.) ; gen. 

Tnmnels [t'ruon-ulz], sb. pL the 
entrails of an animal ; Mid. 

Tmte [t'riwt*], truth, as some- 
times pronounced ; Mid. 

Tuft [tuoft'l, the ground occupied 
by a dwelling-place; Mid. Cf. 
iJowes - toft, in Suffolk ; and 
Burman - tofts (locally pro* 
nounced [Bu'muntops]), near 

Turn [tuom-], v. a. and v. n. to 
rough-card wool. Wh, OL ; gen. 

Tnmbrel [tuom-ril]; m* Tnmle- 
car [tuom'u'l-kaa*rj, a rude kind 


of cart, with heavy block wheels, 
in uae on the peat-moora. It 
is ID more chaiicter, however. 

Hteep and Toagh inolinea which 
woiud render « break-down to 
any ordinary - limbed vehicle 

Tup [tnop-], v. a., T. n., and ab. tc 
butt; gen. 

Tnp ftuop'], a ram; gen. Anti- 
qnated people more frequently 
employ [ih'"] fbr the ToweL 

Tnptak [tuop-taak'], osed of a 
person, a related event, or oir- 
oniDitance of any kind of a sur- 
passing chaiactAr — beating all 

fienerol to the county, and if the 
initial t represents tho definite 
article, the letter has become 
welded to the substantiyo, the 
article intact being, at times, 
employed before it. ' What a 
lu^ak ha is!' I^oat* u tuop'- 
ttuk' i :i'E Ij, Also in infrequent 
use as an active verb, to astound. 

Tnnnot [tu-mut] ; or Tuimit 
[tuiuit], turnip ; gen. 

Tniupool [ton-pool], whirlpool; 

Twan^ [twaangi], adj. afrect«d 
in talk. Wh. 01. ; gea. 

Twattle [twaat-u'l], V. a. and 
V. n. to talk to, poreuasivoly, or 
ooaxin^v ; to entice with words 
andb^aviour. If A. Gt. ; Mid. 
Also, lubtUutUvelt/. 

Twattle [twaat-u'l], v. a. to chide ; 
Mid. Tmaddte, ab. has also this 

Twtey ftwi-h'g], T, a. and eb. 

to tweak; gen. 
Twai [twil-l qmlL Wh. 61.; 


Twilt [twilt-], a quilts Wh. 01; 

Twilt [twilt], T. a. to beat in 
any mannsr, save witli the closed 
fist Wh. 01; gen. Also, mb- 

Twine [twaa-n], v. n. to whine 
diBcontent«dly. Twiuj^ftwaa-ail 
a4j. {Wh. at.); gtn. Twina is 
also used tubttanliv'Jy. 

Twiat [twist'], T. n. to utter a 
laboured, peevish cry, or strain 
thetaneincom;^aining. Twiaty 
[twis-ti], adj. (Wh. 61.) ; gen. 

Twitohbell [twicb-bel] ; or 
TwitohibeU [twich-ibef], the 
earwig. Wh. Gl. ; gen. 

TwittOT [twit'u], T. a. to lease : 

Twitter ftwit'-ur], nonn-adj. tha 
time of twilight ; Mid. ' He 
came about the twitter of day' 
[Ee kaom- uboot- t twif'ur u 

Twitter [twit-ut], v. n. to mn 
up to a curled, twisted state, aa 
thread after b^g knit, or when 
unevenly spun. The plural is 
formed by the addition of «, as 
in the Wh. Ql. Also, to give 
way to fretful complaint or fore- 
boding. Twitters [twit-uz], 
eb. to be in this state, or in a 
state of anxious suspense; gen. 

Udder [uod'-nr], adj. other ; gen. 

Udge [uoj'], T. n. to shake in 

lauKhter, convulsively. Wh: 01.; 

nilutrid[uomst'rid-], adv. astride. 
Wh. Gl ; Mid. The last form 
is also in use [usf raa'd]. 

Vnbethink [uonbithingk-], v. a. 
to take unawares, by words or 
conduct : to recur to reoollec- 
tion. Unbethinking is em- 
ployed Bubttantivfly in the first 
Bens«i Wh. 01. ; Mid. 

Under • anenat [nou-d'ur- (and) 

mid-toukshire glossary. 


, adv. ' 


opjioeito aide below. Forms of 
this constructioii ore mure hoard 
in town than runil dialect, but 
are still current iu tho latter. 
They are convenieut ones. Other 
ainular general forma are : 

i'ondtr- aaenal [yaoh'ud'ur- 
unen'Bt, yuoh'-nd'ur - unen'st], 
opposite at a distance. These 
ate heard with tho dental d, 
north and east generally; but 
with th, commonlv, in the south. 

Oi'er-aaentl [aow'h'r-unon'Bt], 
over-againat. Thisisthe peoeral 
town form. The country form ia 
raoWh"r-unen-Btl refined [aov] 
for the first ayUable; and in 
vrry refined speech, with the 
long vowel always. In town 
dialect, the refined form of over 
is [uoh' tut] and [ovur], which 
are always employed in reading. 

Cloie~atien>t [tli'h's-uniin'st], 
refilled [tlaoh''B (and) tluo's], 
close opposite. 

FartAer-anenet [faa-d'ur-un- 
OTi'st], opposite in a further di- 
tertJon. The f d'] in usuallv [thl 
in the soutb, but the simple [d] 
is frequently heard in the Leeds 

Fore - aii«u< [faor - unen'st. 

^urol refined form, whioh, refin' 
ing upon itself, aa in tho York 
tradespeople's dialect, has always 
the u long [fuT'l. 

Sven-aneiiit [I'u'vwn-unoB'Bt]; 
or Fair - fweii - aneml [fo-h'r- 
iVvun'mieD'at]! alongside, and, 
quite alongside, reapcctively. In 
toe pronunciation of ntn the 
iuitial Towel is, in this connec- 
tion, one of those distinctive 
ones which mark rural speech. 
The usual pronunciation of this 
word in town dialect ia [evu'n], 
and, Tery casually, [i'h'vu'n]; but 
when the word is compounded, 
then the linbility to change 

ployed. The e in the Itist word 

of these several forms, may be, 
in all cases, and is very often 
elided : and the vowel aleo inter- 
changes with [i]. 

ITiidercold [uond'ukao-h'd], a 
cold caught from tho ground. 
A term asBocinted with looas 
apparel. H'A. Gt. ; gen. 

Undergang [nond'ugaang- (and) 
gaan'], v. a. to undergo. Under- 
^angmg, eb. II'A. Gl.; gen. 

Undereang [uon-J'ngaang], a 
tunnel, or long archway. "" 



TJnderhanded fuon'd'uraandid], 
ailj. underaized in person. 
(/(. ■■ gen. 

UnderlingB [uond'ulim], prep. 
under ; Mid. 

ITngain [iionge-h'n], adj. not a 
veniently near. U'fi. 01. ; g( 

Unheppen fuonep'u'n], adj. i 
fitting J unhandy ; unadapted fou 
a position, or for parttoular 
duties. If A. 01. : Mid. 

TTnkerd [uon'kTird], adj. Btrange ; 
Mid. ' Unkrrd noises' will be 
heard about a house by bed- 
listen ers. Whan a person ia 
neceasitated to perform duties 
he is not accustomed to, he will 
apologise for their performance 
by saying he ia unAmi to them. 

Unlistug fuonlistin], adj. irn- 
wilUng, ll'A. at. ; Mid, 

UnmenBefiil [uonmensfuol], adj. 
unbecoming, unseemly ; ill- 
mnnnerod. or Ul-dreesed; un- 
tidy. Wh. GL ; gon. 

Uniayable [uonse-h'bu'l]. adj. not 
to bo controlled by word ; way- 
ward. 1(7., 01. : gen 

Until [uontil'], prep, unto; Mid. 
In occasional uae. 

Vpgang [uop-gaang], a hilly 
path, or track. Wli. Gl. ; gen. 

Upho'd ruopaoli''d, uopod-], v. a. 
to uphold, or maintain in as- 
severation. Usually followed by 



a personal pronoun singular. 
Also, with an increase of idiom, 
used suhstantively, for a main- 
tained or upholdon state of 
waywardness. * He *s of a des- 
perate uphold * [Eoz* uv u* dis*- 
prut uopod*], bears a cliaracter 
tor the disposition indicated, or 
understood. Wh, 01. The verb 
is general; the substantive is 
heara in Mid-Yorkshire. 

TTplooking [uop-lih'kin], adj. 
An uplooking person, is one 
with a brave, bright face ; Mid. 
* She's nought but one bairn, 
and a fine uplooking young dog 
he is — as sharp as a briar 
[Shih*'z nob'ut yaan* be'h*n, 
un* u faa*n uop"h*h'kin yuo'ng 
dog* i iz' — uz' 8heh**p uz* u 

TTpshak' [uop'shaak], a commo- 
tion; gen. 

TTpstand [uopstaan*], y. a. to 
stand up. XJpstandmg, pres. 
part. (Wn, 01.) and adj. ; gen. 

TTrchon [u'chun] ; or Otchon 
[ot'chun, aot'chun], a hedgehog ; 

TTre [yiwh'r], udder. Wh. Gl. ; 
gen. [Of. Icel. jugr^ udder. — 
W. W. S.] 

TTrf. See Hurf. 

TTrl. See Hurl. 

TTrling [uo*h*lin], a dwarfish 
child, or person. Wh. 01. ; Mid. 

Venture [ven't'ur, vin't*ur], v. a. 
used occasionally in the sense of 
to hope for y or expect; Mid. The 
dental t is infrequent in the last 
form. Sometimes on is used 
conjointly. *I shall venture on 
his coming: he said he would' 

[Aa* sul* von't'ur on* (or, of 
uv]) iz' kuo'min : i sed* i 
waad'] — would come. 

Viewly [veewli], adj. comely, or 
good-looking. Applied to per- 
sons and thmgs ; Mid. 

Viewsome [vcewsum, feewsum], 
adj. comely, or good-looking. 
Wh. 01. ; gen. Also, in allusion 
to any natural object which is 
pleasing to the eye. 

Waoker [waakiir], v. n. and sb. 
to shake, noisily ; gen. To take 
the blinders off a horse's head in 
a busy thorough&re will be likely 
to cause the animal to wacker, in 

Wae'g me ! [we*h'z mee* !j ; or 
Wile's o* me I [we'h'z u mee* I 

iand) mey! (ref.)l; or Wlie's 
leart! [we*h*z:e*h*t!]; orW&e'» 
heart o' me I [we'h'z :e'h't u 
mee* ! (and) mey* ! (ref.)] ; or Wkeu 
i» V heart J [we'h'z iz t :e'h't!]; 
or Wae's 0*" thee ! [wo-h'z u 
dhee* I (and) dhey ! (ref.)l, a 
common interjection on slightly 
serious occasions, and thusyarieo. 
The vowel in the first word in- 
terchanges with [i*], and this is 
often heard amongst old people. 
The last form (TF%. Ol.) is used 
by some Mid- Yorkshire speakers. 
Tlie preceding ones are generaL 
The third and fourth are much 
employed in Nidderdale. 

W&e worth ! [weh* -waoth' ! 
•waoh'*th ! 'wuoth* I "wnoh'-th I 
'woth* I 'wih'-th I (and, occasion- 
ally) *waath' !], an interjectional 
form, usually followed bv a pro- 
noun, but not restrictea to ye, 
as in the Wh. 01. At odd times, 
the phrase is uttered in real ex- 
citement, but it is generally as- 
sociated with a playful temper. 
It is much employed in refined 
speech [wao* •wuth' I] ; gen. 

Waf [waaf '] ; or Waft [waaft-l, 
a ghding spectre. Wh. 01. ; Mia. 

Waft fwaaft'], a waft or pufif of 
wind. Wh. 01.; gen. 

Wage [wih'j], wages. Wh, OL 
The use of this singular form 
for the plural is general to the 



Wail [we'hll, v. a. to beat ; gen. 

go at a rate I 

Wain [we-h*n], waggon. Wh. 
Gl. : gen. 

Waintly [weh'-ntli], adv. very 
greatly, or desperately ^ with the 
exaggeration attaching to this 
word colloquially; Ifid. *We 
are always wainUy throng again 
(near to) Martinmas' [Wih** 

Sal'us weh'-ntli t'raang'ugi'h'n 
e'h'timus]. See Went. 

Wa*ke [we'h'k], casually em- 
ployed m Mid-Yorks. and the 
north, for vigils, or the super- 
stitions rites performed on the 
eves of 6t Agnes and St Mark. 
Also, suhstantively, in the more 
usual sense of, to carouse from 
ni^ht to morning in a house con- 
taming a corpse — a custom lin- 
gering more especially amongpt 
the Catholic peasantry found in 
some of the villages and market- 
towns. Wh. QL 

Wakeman [we'h'kmun], formerly 
the title of a chief magistrate, 
as at Eipon ; Mid. 

Wakensome [waak'u'nsum], adj. 
indisposed to sleep, at a season- 
able time ; easily awaked. Wh, 
01, ; gen. 

Wakken [waak'un], v. a. and 
V. n. to wake; and also employed 
as an a^j. ; gen. to the coxmty. 

Wale [we-h'I, wi-hl], v. a. to 
flog, or beat, with force ; to flog 
witn a heavy lash, or strap. 
W^als [wi'h'lz], and walings 

Swe'h'linz], sbs. pi. a continuous 
iog^g, or beating. A tongue- 
waling [tuong* - we*'h'lin], or 
tongue-padding [paadin], sbs. 
a severe scolding, or roxmd of 
abuse. Wh, GL ; gen. 

Waling [we-h*lin], adj. Any- 
thing very large is of * a waling 
size' [u we'nlin saa'z], or 'a 

waler ' [u we'hlur] ; Mid. 

Walk [waoh'-k], v. a. to beat, or 
thrash; Mid. The use of the 
verb for to full has not yet died 
out in some rural localities. The 
figure is in very common use 
southward, but always in com- 
pany with the preposition into— 
to * walk into * [wao'h'k in-tuol], 
a phrase which, in its meaning 
of to beat, is widely known for 

Walker [w:ao-h*kur], a fuller. 
WaUdng-miU [wrao'h'kin-mil], 
a fulling-mill. Wh. 01. Not 
much heard in Nidderdale, but 
general to Mid- Yorkshire and 
the north. The verb, to walk, is 
also heard. The vowel inter- 
changes with [no]. 

Wallet [waal'it], a travellings 
provision, or hand-bag of any 
kind, usually of spun material. 
Wh. 01. ; gen. 

Walsh [waalsh'], adj. insipid. 
Wh. 01. ; gen. 

Walt [wolt', waolt*], v. a. and 
sb. to overturn ; gen. 

Warn [waam*], a swamp ; Nidd. 
rCf. wamhct a bubbling up; 
Halliwell: and c£ s-wamp, — 
W. W. S.] 

Wamble [waam'ul], v. n. used 
to denote the rumbling action of 
the bowels when the stomach is 
empty; een. The equivalent 
southward is grum'lin' [^gruom*- 
lin]. The first term is often 
heard as [waam'bul]. 

Wamp [waamp*], the sand of 
mines — very small and fine; 

Wandy [waan-di], adj. 'Awandy 
bod^r,' is a person one would 
consider stout, but who is wdl- 
made and active ; Mid. 

Wangle [waang-u'l], verbimpers. 
to rock, or shake, noisily. Wh, 
01, ; Mid. Also, to jangle. 

Wankle [waang-kul], adj. weak; 



unstable ; irresolute; iuoonstant. 
Wh. 01. : gen. Also, wanklety 

twaang'kulti], shaky, orunfirm; 
oose - jointecL In Nidderdale, 
and parts of the north, the 
second vowel of the first form 
is changed to [i]. 

Wap [waap'1, y. a. and sb. to 
bang, or slam; also, a smart 
blow, and to give one. Wh, 01. ; 

Wap [waap-] ; or Walp [waalp*] ; 
or wallop [waal'upj, v. a. to 
beat. Wap and walp are also 
used substantively; gen. A 
story is told of a girl, who, on 
being interviewed by the clergy- 
man of the parish, responded to 
the two first questions of the 
Catechism as follows : — What is 
thy name 9 • Moll Wallop * [Mol- 
Waal'up]. Who gave thee that 
name f * T* lads, when they were 
laking at shinnups* [T laadz*, 
wen* dhe wur* le'h'kin ut* shin'- 
upsl, playing at the game of 
stick and ball known oy this 

War [waai], adj. aware ; gen. 

War [waa*r], adj. worse ; gen. 

War day [waa'du], weekday. 
Also, with added a {Wh. GL): 
gen. In Mid-Yorkshire, the first 
vowel is often [e'h']. [Lit. work^ 
day. nalliwell gives — * Wardai/y 
a workday. North.*— W. W. S.] 

Wardle [waa-du*l], v. n. to shuffle, 
or equivocate ; gen. 

Ware fwe-h'r], v. a. to spend. 
Wh. 6l, ; gen. 

Wark [waak], v. n. to ache. 
Wh. GL ; gen. * My back xoarke 
while I can hardly bide ' [Maa* 
baak* waa*ks waal* Aa kun* 
aa'dliz baad], aches so that I 
can hardly endure. 

Wark [waak], v. n., v. a., and sb. 

to work; gen. Also, euh$tantivelyy 

in the sense of a structure ; also, 

- 'vlwark. Mr Marshall {Rural 

iM|f ^ ForAssAtre), in a note I 

to this word, exampled as a mi^ 
stantive^ says: '*But, what is 
noticeable, the verb to work^ and 
the substantive worker take the 
established pronunciation ; " see 
E. D. S. Glosa B. 2, p. 42. In 
the Wh, Gl, the word is not re- 
cognised. In Mid-Yorkshire^ 
and the north generally, the 
pronunciation is common to the 
several parts of speech. At the 
same time, the vowel [aa*] in- 
terchanges with [uo] in the 
forms referred to by Mr Mar- 
shall. Nor is thitf mterchange 
brought about by the adoption 
of the refined vowel, whidi is 
[ao] distinctively. Nosuchinter- 
chaiige is observable in southern 
dialect, the vowel employed being, 
in all cases, [aa*]. 

Warp [we*h*p], an accumulation 
of sand, or other matter, ob- 
structing the flow of water. Wh. 
01. : gen. Also, a verb active. 

Warridge [waaridj], v. n. to 
manage, in the sense of making 
shift; Nidd. 

Warridge [waar-ij], withers. 
Wh. Gl. ; Mid. 

Warrish [waar'ish], v. a. to 
vanquish; Mid. 

Warsen [waa'su'n], v. a. and v. n. 
to grow worse. Warsening^ 
[waa*snin], pres. part. Also, 
suhBtantivelyy for a state of de- 
clension. Wh. 01.; gen. 

Warzle [waa-zu*lj, v. a. to cajole. 
Warzlement [waa*zu'lmint], 
blandishment Wh. 01. ; Mid. 

Was [waaz*], v. n. The employ- 
ment of this form is a distinctive 
feature of rural dialect. Its 
other form in this connection is 
tiHir [waar] (short or lone, ac- 
cording to position). NeiSier is 
this form employed in town dia- 
lect. Wor [waor*, wor*], and 
Wur [wur*], are the town forms. 
The declension of these forms is 
shown in the notes prefixed to the 



Wasteness [wi'h'stnus], a -waste 
place; Mia. 

Wastril [we'li'st'ril], a waster, or 
spendthrift. Wh. Gl ; Mid. 
Also, a worthless article; an 
imperfect piece of any set of 

Water - crow [waat* -ur-krao' -h*], 
the ooote, or water-hen ; gen. 

Water-whelp [waat*-ur-welp], a 
dumpling, made of flour and 
water, with salt added; Mid. 
The poor people are apt to be 
shy in conrossmg they have eyer 
partaken of this dainty. 

Wattle [waat'uU], a rod, or stout 
flexible twig; chiefly used in 
thatching. Wh. Oh; gen. 

Wanf rwaoh'f]; or Wanflah 

[w:ao*h'fish], adj. faint Also, 
anything faint or feeble to the 
taste. waufljslineM [w:ao*h'- 
fishnus], sb. Wh, 01. ; Mid. 

Waver [wch^vur], a light coquet- 
ting breeze. Wh, 01, ; Mid. 

Waver fwe'h'vur], another term 
applied to a twig shooting from 
a fallen tree ; Mid. See Sucker. 

Wax [waaks*], v. n. to grow. 
Also, mhstaniivtlyy for growth. 
Wh, 01, ; gen. 

Waygate [wi'h'g:eh't], footpath, 
usually, but applied to any kind 
of pathway, mdiscriminately ; 
gen. Also, in figuratiye use. 
'No man's so hard set (finds 
it so hard to get on) as a poor 
farmer. He can make a waygate 
for all that he has, from an egg 
to a calf' [Neh' maanz* su aa*d 
set* uz' u puo'h'r faamur. I 
kun* maak* u wi*h'g:eh't fur 
yaal* ut i ez', frae* xm* egg' tiv 
u kao-h*f|. 

Waygomg [wi-h'gaa-in (and) 
gaan^^in], aoj. Applied to the 
growmg crops, produce, or stock 
generaUy, left behind by an out- 
going tenant of a farm. The 
term does not necessarily stand 

in a definite relation either to 
the outgoer or the incomer. A 
crop is often referred to as a 
waygoing one while the arrange- 
ments for the rights of owner- 
ship are yet pendmg ; gen. 

Waywarden [we'h*waa**du*n], a 
highway - surveyor ; Mid. A 
thoroughly antiquated speaker 
would say [wi*h*weh*du*nj. 

Wea [wi'hn, nouD-adj. troubled 
in mind ; naying the feeling of 
woe; Mid. *He's vei-y wea* 
[Eez* vaar'u wi*h']. This is the 

E renunciation of woey as heard 
'om the old people of the north ; 
and the terms may be identical. 
Such phrases, too, as * Wea for 
thee, my lad ! ' [Wi'h fu dhu, 
mi laad* I], are familiarly known. 
The true Mid- York, pronxmcia- 
tion of woe is [we'h']. 

Weabel [wi-h'bu*!], a minute 
worm infesting the granary; a 
weevil; gen. 

Wead [wdh'dl; or Wud [wuod-], 
adj. mad. Wh, 01, ui occa- 
sional use in Mid- Yorkshire. 

Weaky [wii'h'ki], adj. moist, 
juicy, wh, GL ; gen. [€f. IceL 
vokr, moist.— W. W. S.J 

Weam [wi*h*m], the stomach ; 

WSan [wi'h'nl, not restricted in 
application to infants; but be- 
stowed, too, as an epithet, on 
those of larger growtn. *Now 
then, you two great lallopin' 
weans, where have you been all 
t* mom ? ' [Noo dhen*, yi* twe'h 
•gut' 'laalnipin wi'h'nz, wi"h*r 
ae yu bin* yaal* t muoh'*nP], 
Employed, also, fEuniliarly, for 
woman {Wh, 01), W^anish 
[wi*h'nish], adj. womanish, or 
effeminate; Mid. 

W^ang fwib'-ng], the pointed 
tooth of any metal instrument, 
as a spur. Wh, 01, ; gen. A 
peculiar pronunciation, and dis- 
tinct from wangy as in wang- 



tootb [waang--ti'h'th], a jaw- 
tooth ; and [weitg* - tuojth'] 
southward, where uieatig is im- 

Weat fwih't], V. n. and ab, to 
sweat, is Bometiiiiea hoard in this 
form, with tho loss o£ its initial 
coDBonaat ; Mid. ' I don't know 
what ails tiiy back, Will, proper 
name), but mine tixaU aboye a 
bit' L^a' di'h'nt naoii' waat' 
jaalz- -dliaa' baak', Wil', but' 
inaa'a vci'h'ts uboo-n u bit']. 
Tho word may be weet — tret, 
which haa two pronunciations : 

fweot-], and a conditional 
wih'-t], [Tho lattor supi 
IS llie more likely ; c£ loel. vdtr, 
wot, adjtctivt ; vitna, to become 
wet, tw6.— W. W. a] 

■WeaiandTwih'zu'nJ}, the wind- 
pipe. Wh. Qt. ; gon. 

Wed [wed-, wid'], v. a., v. n., 
and adj. to many; also, ab. 
jaarried. Wectdinger [wed'- 
inul, sb. one btilongiog to a 
bridal party. Wh. 01. ; gen. 

Weft [weft-], V. a. to fight, or 
beat with determinatioQ ; gen. 
* Wtft into him !' [Weft' in'tu'l 
im* !], go into him I ' I gave 
him a good wr/tiug' [Kar gaav 
im' u gi'h'd woftinl. BoA 
[buoft-] ia ueed in the same 
manner in the Ilali&x district. 

Weigh [wey], a hundrod-wei^t, 
in the measurement of ore ; Nidd. 

Wfliffh • ballu [wey' - biaoh'ks], 
beam - scales, balanoad when 
lifted. \VK. 01.; gen. The 
term is more usually applied, 
in the Bingular and plural, to 
the scale-beam alone, but has 
also the application indicated. 

Welt [w«it], T. a. and sb. to beat 
with a flexible article of any 
kind. Welting [wel'tdn], adj. 
and sb. Wh. 01. ; gen. 

Went [went-], adj. vast. W?i. 
61. Occasionally heard in Mid- 

Yorkshire. See Waintly. 

Weny [wee-ni], adj. tiny ; Mid. 

Wet [wit', wet-] ; or Weet [weef], 
V. a. and sb. employed as the 
equivalent of ram; gen. The 
first form is the usual eubatait- 
tive one. ' It's boon to wet ' (or 
meet) fit*' boon' tu wet-], or 

Wewt [wiwt'], a tuft; applied 
to young grass ; Mid. 

WhKok [naak-], a lai^ quantity, 
or portion. IHi. 01. ; gen. 
Whacking [waakin], adj. 'A 
vihaeJciiig lot ' — an impressivoly 
large number, or a substantial 

Wliaff [waaf-], v. n. and sb. to 
bark; gen. Wh.Ol. The c/ort 
of barking is rather impued, 
since wbnf and hark are fre- 
quently used together. Doge 
bark till thev can but whaff, m 
an exhausted state. A ' whaffy 
body,' is a nowsy poreon ; and a 
wAo^er a talebmrer; Mid. 

Wh&ag [waang], a large slice, 
or cut portion, of any kind of 
food, whanging [waang-in], 
adj. Wh. 01.; gen. 

Whang [waang-], t. a. and sb. 
to beat with a thong, or strike 
about. Also whang, and 
whCang [wi-h'Dg], aba. a thong. 
Wh. 01.; gen. 

Wluuif [waang:], v- a. and sb. 
to &n heavily. Wh. 01. ; gen. 

Whank [waangk'], a large por- 
tion; gen. ' A ti/hanking lump' 
[U waong'kin luomp'j. ' That 'a 
a whavk big enough' [Dhaats* 
u waangk- big- unih^f). 'A 
tekanlter {V waang'kui]. 

Wha'sowtt [wB-h'saohHIl; or 
WWa'B owt? [wi-h'a aoh'-tf]. 
Equivalent to, Whoee own ia it? 
— to whom does it belong F The 
last form ia given in the Wh. 01. 
In each case the vowel ia senmbly 
long at times. The last word of 



the phrase is not used in refined 
speech, which, however, has a 
snnilar idiom in owes — * Who 's 
otoea that ? * [Wao'z ao'z dhaat* ?], 
Who 's own IS that ? gen. 

What cheer ! [waat- chi-h*r !], in- 
ter), a form of salutation between 
equals ; gen. Thus, two * teams- 
men' meeting on the highway 
will, while yet at some distance, 
shout together : * Good-morning; 
w?uU ck^ ! what cheer ! ' 

What on ? [waat* aon-], pron. reL 
an interrogatiye phrase equiv- 
alent to, what do you sa^ ? as 
employed to elicit repetition. 
Wh, QL Casual to Mid-Yorks. 

Whanp [wao'h'p], the curlew. 

Wh6a*8 0* thee? [wi-h'z u -dhee* 
(and) "dhey (ref.J], Who's own 
IS thou ? or. Who s of thee ? t. e. 
Who are you ? Who do you 
belong to? Wh. 01.; Mid. 
Thoa [dhoo*] is also e;aiployed 
as the personal pronoun. This 
form is roughly refined in 
[dhaow*], and m refined speech 

S roper is heard as [dhuw* (and) 

Whelk [welk*], a large portion, 
or quantity ; gen. * There were 
a whelk o' folk there ' [Dhu wur* 
u -welk- u -fuo-h'k dhi'h'r]. The 
word whelking [wel'kin], adj. 
is also resorted to, to convey 
the same idea. * There were 
a whelking lot there ' [Dhu wiir' 
u 'wel'kin lot* dhih'rj. 

Whelk [welk*], a sounding 
thwack. Wh, OL; gen. Also, 
a verb cuiive, 

Whelper [wel*pur, wilpur], any- 
thing very large. The first pro- 
nunciation is general, and the 
last a Mid- Yorkshire. In both 
cases there is an adjectival form 
[wel'pin]. There is a great dis- 

fosition to sound h after the w, 
t is often heard. 

Whemmle [wem*ul], v. a. and 
V. n. to totter or sway violently, 

with a lost equilibrium. Wh, 
GL, ** to totter and then upset." 
This is not the necessary implica- 
tion of the word. When a basin, 
6. g. is, by an accident, set rock- 
ing, with a circular movement, 
it IS said to be whemmling, or, 
to write the ^ord as its vowel- 
sounds are heard, whemmleing^ 
[wem-ulin], and to have *done 
whemmleing ' when it has re- 
covered its position. When it 
is intended to denote a fall, the 
word is followed by over [aowh'r] 
adverbially^ as in the illustrative 
phrase in the Wh. QL Whemmle 
IS also used mbatantively. The 
first vowel in the several forms 
interchanges with [i] ; gen. 

Whewt [wiwt], V. n. and sb. to 
whistle shortly, in a sharp, care- 
less, subdued manner. ]Vh, OL ; 
gen. *It'8 a poor dog 'at isn't 
worth a whewt* [Its* u puo'h'r 
dog* ut* iz'u'nt woth* u wiw*t]. 

Whewtle rwiwt*u'l], v. n. and 
V. a. to whistle in a low tone, at 
half breath, carelessly. Wh, 
01.; gen. 

Whiles [waa*lzj, adv. and sb. 
while ; gen. But, as a substan- 
tive, most heard in Mid-Yorks. 

Whilk [wilk*], pron. inter, which. 
Wh, UL Occasionally heard in 
Mid- Yorkshire and the north; 
and employed habitually by in- 

Whimly [wim*li], adj. softly. 
Wh, OL; gen. Usually asso- 
ciated in meaning with the act 
of pacing. 

Whin-kyd [win*-kid*], sb. and v.a. 
* Whins* are furze^ and a ^kyd* 
is a bundle, out the whin-kyd 
may consist of thorns, or what- 
ever other ligneous growths are 
procurable. These, in bundles, 
take the place of straw thatch on 
old tenements, and are also used 
for fencing. Old post - and- 
stave buildings were usually 


puvela of limd belongiiig to tl 
oocnpiers whin-h/dikd about. 

Whim [wim], sb, pL fune. Wh. 
01. ; gen. The smgular form ia 
alao in oommoa use. 

Thippet [vip'it], a neat, nimble 
person, of Bmall figuro. Wh. 
01; Mid. 

White [waa-t, weyt (refinedjj, 
V. a. and t. n. to bleach; Hia. 
Vhitnter [waa-tBtur, weyt^ 
atnr], a bleacher. 

White [waa't, waaytQ, T. a. to 
diave wood lightly with a knife. 
Whiting* [wa4'tinz], sb. pL 
iPOod-flhavinge. Wh. Oh ; gen. 
The nibstantiTO has also a singu- 
lar form, but this is not heard 

White-heft [waat-, (and) weyt- 
eft]. See Heft. 

WMte-hoftrwaa-t-eft- (and) -ift'], 
T. a. and sb. to flatter; to deceive 
with plausiblo wotda. Wh, 01. ; 

Whittle [wit-ul], ab., v. a., and 
T. n. Any kind of kiufe, from a 
carver to a pocket-knife, gets 
thia name; gen. The Wh. 01. 
examplae the verb, — to ahave 
wood, with a knife. 

Whoor fwuoh'r] ; or Hoor 

EuO'h'rJ, adv. where; gen. 
Uoh'r-i-h'r], wheraxr, 

'", V. n. and sb. 

Whowl fwaow-I], 
to howl; gen. 

Wick [wik-]; or WIcken 
[wikiin], sb. and v, n. weed; 
gen. Usually employed in refer- 
ence to garden-labour. Wiok, 
also, a pUnt of hawthorn ; Mid. 

Wiok [wik], a4j. alive. Wicken 
[wik'unl, V. a. and v. n. to re- 
store to "lif e ; to make aotire, or 
qnioken. Wh. OL; gen. 

WioknlTer [wik-eilvu], quick- 
■Itv. Wh. Oi. ! gen. 

Wid Fwid-] ; or Wiv [wiv], ptep, 
wiu; gen. 

Widd7 [wid-i, wid'i], withy; a 
hasel or willow twig, of the 
' meter ' kind (see the word), bat 
growing from the root of a stand- 
ing tree; Mid. Used to bind 
bundles of thorn, Ac, being 
adapted to thia purpose by 
reason of tougbneaa and pli- 
ability. Also, occasionally heard 
as an aetivt verb. 

Wife [waa-f], usually employed 
for woman. Wh. Qt. ; gen. The 
plur. ia yet more employed. 

Will [Will, the common abbre- 
viation of William. The usual 
pronunciations of proper names 
are tai^y heard. 'William 
Foppleton 's boon (going) to 
preach in Uie bam on Sunday' 
[Wil- Pop'ula boo-n tu pri'h'ch 
1 t baan u Sucnd'u]. For 
[boo-n], ffoifig [gaa-in], would 
also be used. 

Willy-nilly [wili-nil-i], used as 
in ordinary speech, in the sense 
of 'willing or unwilling,' but, 
as a form, of commoner occur- 
rence, and not accounted oollo- 
quial in ohaiacter by the pea- 
santry. Wh. 01. ; gen. 

Wimmle [wimni'l] ; or Wvminle 

feaom•u^], an aumir. Wh. 01. 
e last IS a lud . Yorkshire 
form ; the fint is general. 
Winder [win-d'ui], v. a. and v. n. 

Windle [win'du'l], a reel (instm- 
ment); gen. 

Winge [winj], V. n. and ah. To 
vnngt ia to make a noise like 
the unoonscioaB, half cry coming 
from a child in pain ; gen. In- 
fants winge when they are teeth- 
ing. Older people are diqmsed 
to gasp and viinge when they are 
justaSoutto have a tooth dnwn. 

Winnel • gnat . [win-n'l • graas-, 
grea-, (and) gu-sj, a gnss weed, 



of a lank, pardied appearaiuie ; 
Mid. In Mr AtkiuBoa's Cleve- 
land Olomary, the term is well- 
defined under the varying one 
of " vnndU-t^ae, a dead eeed- 
stem of giaw in paBtore-fielde." 
Winrow [winTao-h'] ; or Winr^ 
[winTe-'h'], ab., T. »., and t. n. 
When hA7 is raked into parollal 
lines, pievious to being thrown 
into 'cocks,' it is in winrow; 

shire form, yet, as exampled in 
this word, is employed so gener- 
ally in the north tliat it must be 

Winaome [win-sum], adj. win- 
ning in manner ; engsgiing in 
uipearance. Wh. 01. ; gen. 
Ctmpar. winaomsr [winsumul ; 
luperl. winaomest [win'sumist]. 

Wit[wifl. To'getwii'rgifwif] 
of anything (ttie nanal phrase), 
is to be made wise or oome at 
privato knowledge concerning it. 
Wi. 01. ; gen. 

Witlier [wid'-ur]; or Wuther 
fwuodh'ur], t. a. and sb. to 
borl, with an impetus imparting 
a trembling or whizzing motion 
to the object thrown. Wither- 
ing [wiah'urin], adj- and sb. 
(Wh. 01.) Also witherment 
[widh-Timent-], eb. (Wh. Gl.) 
Wittaerer [widh-uru], sb. a 
person or any object of surpass- 
ing size, A whistling, impetu- 
ous wind, which dasbos aeainst 
obJBcta witi momentary violence, 
is said to ' wither and wutker,' 
Wuthering [wuodhniring], part 

g«B, is also employed adjeetivally, 
denota any object of huge size, 
or a person who, in ooigunction 
with a heavy appearance, has a 
violent manner of diq>laying 

qahtdirand is applii. . 
hour's Bruce, xvii. 684, as 
ejuthet of a heavy stone whizmng 

tbrough the air, when shot from 
a large war-engine. — W. W. S.] 

Witrat [wittaat-] ; or Witrattan 
[wit-raatu'n], weasel ; Mid. 
Theee terms are also occasionally 
used in the North. On the part 
of most dialect - speakers, the 
first word is deflnit^lv associated 
in idea with its old signification, 
as may be inferred nom other 
examplBB of its use. See Wit 
and Wittoriaff. 

Wittering [wit'-u'rin], know- 
ledge, in the sense of a pas»ng 
conception, or notion; Mid. 'I 
had no wittering on 't at t' time ' 
[Aa-d ne'h' wit'ni'rin on t" ut' 
taa'm_], I had no notion of it at 
the time. ' I got a wittering o' 
't from him' [ia' gaat' u wif'- 
u'rin aoh''t ire im'], I got a 
notion, or hint of it from him. 
The final g, though unindicated 
in the example, is often heard. 

Wizzen rwizm'n], v. a. and v. u. 
to wither ; to become ekiony, 
or shrivel — used of porsons or 

Sowths of any kind. Wh, 01. 
ast part.) ; gen. 

Wizzle [wizni'l], an epithet be- 
stowed on a mischievous child ; 
Mid. PerhapB wtatet, uaoally 

Wol [waol'], hole ; gen. As com- 
mon pronunciations are [wueh'-l, 
uD'h'l, uoh'-l]. The refined fiina 
in peasant speech is [aoh''l], and 
in that of the market-towns- 
people [ao-1]. 

Wold [waoh'd], a hiUy siiifac« 
of great esient, no^bly tlie 
ran^ of North-Biding wold*, 
demgnated the 'Yorkahiie' — a 
tract comprising a large extent 
of countiy, much of the land 
being highly - cultivated, and 
farming operatdona extensive. 
Wh. Gl.; gen. 

Woonken ! [wuongkuz I], inteij, 
expreanve of wonderment, or 
siupriae. TFA. Of.; Mid. 



Wooniey [woon'^i], sb. and a^j- 
■woolsey; gen. 

Wop [wop'], V. a. and sb. to beat, 
Aleo, with * added, n^Mtanlivtly. 
Wh. 01.; gen. 

Worken [waor-kun], t, a. to 
wreathe, or twirl up in masa, as 
twine when orertwietod. Wh. 
01. (paat part) ; Mid. 

WoTtb! [-waothl •wuoth-! -woth-! 
■wu'th (re£)] ; or Ood worth 1 
[Gaod- wu-ti I] ; or Ood woth I 
[Gaod- -waoth- 1 (and) "woth" !] ; 
or 'Od TOth 1 [Aod' -waoth- ! 
(and) -woth- 1] ; 'Od wuth 1 [Aod- 
•wuoth'!], an imprecatory pfiraee, 
but without aigiuficance in usage. 
When additional emphasie is re- 
quired [h'] follows tne vowel of 
the first word, and sometiniea 
that of the laat, sa well. Very 
often the first word is entirely 
omitted ; though it must lie 
doubtful whether ' Worth I ' has 
any oonneotioa with this form, 
from the cinnim stance of Woe 
worth! rwe-h''wu-thI([-waoth-! 
■wuoth- 1])] being one equally in 
use. In every case [oo] is super- 
seded by [o] at times, but very 
rarely from the lips of a person 
who employs broad dialect in 
speaking; and never when tlw 
-word carries moat emphasis. 

Woit [wost-], boat Woathiu 
fwost', wuoHt', wuoh'-st, waost-, 
(and) waoh'-st, -ooa-, -uoe-, fand) 
-US'], sb. a market-inn, or bait- 
house. Woa'le [woH-u'l, -waoa-- 
ul, wuoB-uT, (and) wuoh'su'l], 
v. a. and v. n., to bait, or put 
up for re&eahinent. Wouar 
[woB-lu, (and) wuos-lu], sb. 
hostler. Wh. 01. ,- gen. 

Woimdi ! Jwoondz- ! waowndz- 1 
(ref.)], luteq. expressive of 
startlement, or rebuke. Wh. 

Wow [waow]; or WowiBli 

Wnn [w 

[waowish], wan- dejected, or 
feverishly pale in look. Wh. 
61; Uid. 

Wreath [hh'dh], a twisted cir- 
cular pad, placed on the head, 
for bimlens, — chiefly used in 
bearing vessels. Wh. 81, ; gen. 

Wn^ht (Wright) [tee-t], a 
carpenter; geo. 

Wrowt[raowf], past part, worked. 
Also, employed as the mtt tents 
of the active vtrb to work, in the 
sense of to pwge; and as the 
past of to dear, or clarify, as 
liquors in pasai^ the stage o( 
fermentation. Jrh, 01. ; gen. 

|, V. a. to abide. 
iccaaional to Mid- 

Wnrly [wur-li], adj. A very small 
portion of anything is of a warty 
size ; gen. ' What a u>uriy bit 
o' b read, and nought on 't ! ' 
[Waat- u wuT-li bit- u bri-h'd, 
un- naowt- on- 1 1], i. e. no butter, 
or anything on. The r is often 
strongly tnlled in this word. 

WUTBle [wus-u'l] ; or WoMel 
[wo8-u1, waoa-ul] ; or WuBsel 
[wnoB-ul] ; or Warale [waa-su'll: 
or Wrua'le [nios-u'l]; or 
Wraa'U [raaH-uU], v. n. and 
V. a. wreaUe, All these forma 
are heard in Mid - Yorkshire. 
The two last are general, and 
the a forms are usually em- 
ployed in the past. * He uirat'ted 
me ' [I raas-irld mu], a common 
form of challenge being, I'U 
taraUe you / Wit£ the exception 
of Waralo, these several ibrms 
are also more or less used lub- 
BtarUivtly, but the last form, 
Wras'lo, is only of accideatal 

Wilt [wuot-], the pronunciation 
of wit, amongst old people ; Mid. 
' He has got wit of it oy some 
crook' [Iz- git-u'n wuot- on-t 
biv- -Buom- knh'k], has obtained 
knowledge of it by somo crooked 
act, or tnok, . 



Wya [waayh*], adv. a common 
term of assent, haying for its 
equiyalent well; also, with the 
meaning of an indecisiYe yea; 
een. The town equivalents are 
rwaa', we*, (and) we*h'], the first 
form being employed over the 
largest area. It is also casual 
to the rural north. The form 
* wya ' would seem to be the words 
why and you, employed idiom- 

Wye [waa*, waay, wuy (ref.)], 
heifer. Wh. 01.; gen, 

Yabble [yaab-u'l], adj. able; 
also, wealthy. Yablish [yaab*- 
lirfi], adj. xabable [yaab*ubul], 
able, in the first sense is a vagary 
of a pronunciation occasionally 
heard in Mid- Yorkshire and the 
north generally. Yabble is also 
heard thus generally as an adivt 
verb, to enable. 

Yack [yaak-] ; or Aak [leh'k] ; 
or 'ke^k r:ih*k] ; or Auk r:aoh\ 
(ref.) and [aoi] (more ret)], an 
oak. Wh, 01,; gen. 

Yacker [yaak-ur], acre. Wh. 
01. ; gen. The r, in accordance 
with a general rule, is lost before 
a consonant. 

Yaoklys [yaak'lizl, adv. the way 
actually is troatea ; Mid. 

Yaokron [yaak'nin] ; or Ackron 
[aak'run], acorn. Wh. 01. ; gen. 

or Yain [y 

or Y^a [y:i'h'] ; or Yan [yaan*, , 
or Tun [yun*, yuonj; or Aa 
[eh**] ; or Y&a [yeh**], adj. one. 
These various forms, which, with 
the exception of four others, 
[yaon*, yaoh*'n, yon*, yuoh*'n], 
exhaust the rural pronunciations, 
north and east, are all heard in 
Mid- Yorkshire. Nor must it be 
supposed that the people who 
are in the habit of thus varying 
their forms are inconstant in the 

[yaa-]; or ^an [li'h'nl; or 
BUI [y:i*h'n] ; or Am [le'n'n] ; 
^ain [ye-tf n] ; or £a [:i-h*' ; 

use of a plain variety of dialect. 
The numeral exampled is one of 
those exceptional words the free 
play of which, however unreason- 
able, must be recognised in the 
locality indicated. Of the pro- 
nunciations given, yah, yean, 
yain, yaan, yun (with yuon-), 
yita, and occasionally &a, are 
also heard in Nidderdale. The 
final element of the several forms 
is lost before a vowel. Instead 
of merely noting, within brackets, 
those pronunciations which only 
differ in having initial y added, 
they are noted independently, for 
the reason of their being chiefest 
in use. The forms wiuiout the 
y are, in accidental character, 
among people in the habit of 
using the malect broadly. Xa 
and Aa are not usually followed 
by the preposition on, as are the 
rest, but, by rule, immediately 
precede a noun. It has been 
supposed (as by Mr Atkinson, in 
his Cleveland Olossary) that the 
vowel-ending forms are exclu- 
sively employed before a next 
word boginmng with a conso- 
nant. This is &r from being the 
case, even in the most systematic 
Yorkshire variety. It is often 
agreeable, and, under certain 
qualities of tone and emphasis, 
even necessary for the vowel to 
meet a vowel in this way. The 
forms without initial y are not 
used absolutely, nor m pause. 
Tah [yaa*] is the form most 
general in use, and, of the con- 
sonant forms, yan [yaan'] 

Yaffle [yaaf-u'lj, y. n. to talk in- 
distindiy, mmdng the breath, 
as in the case of toothless persons. 
Wh. OL ; gen. 

Yal [yaal-], ale. Wh, Gl ; gen. 

Yal [yaal-] ; or Yfial [yd-h'l] ; or 
Yail [y:e-hl]; w Whol Pwol-, 
waol*, wao'l (ref.)]; or xahl 
[yaa'l (ref)], aqj. and sb. whole. 
Tail and Yahl is a Mid-York, 
form. Thexest are general; the 


laat one bem^ oftou accompanied 
by an aspirattoR. 

Tal [yaal'j, adj., adv., and ab. all ; 

Tun [yaam'], v. n. and t. a. in- 
dicative of the act of KiBsticatmg 
frroaely, with much movemeat of 
the jaw, Wh. 01,; gen. 

TomiLit [yaamnist], adv. almost; 

Tannwly [yaaD-uli] ; or Tonnuh 

^aan-ish], a4i- bom tha form 
xan (see Tah), i. t. »ne ; eeliieh ; 
warm in regard to peraonal ia- 
tereeta generally. Tannerly, 
also, to be unyielding, ruddy 
retiring, or unaocial in manners. 
The firat form ia exampled in the 
Wh. 01., and is heai^ in Uid- 
Yorkehire. The last ia general. 
Tap [yaap-]. This term, with an 
appucatioii, in tha W/i. 01., to " a 
CToae or troubleaome child," ia 
also used in this sense through- 
out Mid-Yorkahiraand tho north, 
but is equally common lubiUin- 
tiiitig for the short, noisy cry of 
a peevish child ; and is also 
S an arfiW verb, with 
o moaning. 

meaningless, worrying way; Ifid. 
' What 'a thee yaping and making 
that din about P' (TVaate- tu 
ye'h'pin un' maak'm 'dhaat' 
din' uboot' F], ' Thou young 
y«pf, gat out of the road (way) 
with thee, before I pick thee 
over' [Dhoo' yuo-nt ye-h^p, git" 
oot- ut" ruo'h'a wi ohn nmoti'T 
Aa* pik' dhu aow'h'rl, get out of 
the way with you before I over- 
turn you. 
Tark [yeh'-k, yaa'k], v. a. to in- 
flict strokes, or awitchea, with 
auT haady, flexible article; to 
laaa, at flo^, with a sharp, dex- 
tanna moboa Wh. Gl. ; gen. 
Alao, uAttantivdy. Has also 
&0 moaning of to frrk, v. a., 
*. n.) and sb. beiag, in fhct, but 

a varying form of that word. 

Tarm [yaam], v, n. to late, ia 
an ill-tempered manner ; Mid. 

Tat [yat'l, adj., v. a., and v. n. 
hot Wh. 01. 1 gen. 

Tat [yaaf] ; or Teat [yd-li't] ; w 
Yet [yaet-, yaeh'tj; or Yut 
[yuot'], gate. ' As fond (foolish) 
as a yai ' [Uz' fond' uz- u 'yaat"]. 
The two first forms are general ; 
the last two are Mid-Yorkaliitfl, 

Tand [yaoh'd], i. e. jade ; a 
ridiag-horse, Wh. 01. ; gen. 
Occasionally used of a drau^t- 
horso. An old market-horse of 
(hie character will be alluded to 
as [f aoh''d yao'h'd]. 

T£arb [yi-h'bj, herb; gen. Y 
is the usual initial lettw beforo 
a vowel, and, also, in manv 
words, sapplanta A beforeavowoL 

Yeamin^-akin [yih'nin-skin], a 
calf B-^g ; gen. [LiL running- 
skin, the verb run being not 
unfrequently written ytrnt in 
Middle English. The names 
Ttnntt and rviintl are formed 

Teawag; [yi'h'zin], eaves; gen. 
This is the usual form, but 
[i-h'zin] is much hoard. YouuKar 
people avoid the use of initial jr 
in moat words. See note to 

Ted [yed'j yid'], ab., v. a., and 
T. n. a burrow ; Mid. A ' fox- 
««!' [foks'-jid]. ( ll'A. 0/. verbs.) 
[Corresponds to A.S. tard, native 
soil, home, just as ye(A does to 
A.a tari, earth.— W. W. S.] 

Ted-waad [yed- (and) yid-waan 
(and) -waond], ' yard-wand,' or 
stick. AIbo, elwand [el-- (and] 
il'- waan (andj -waand]. Wh. 
01.; gen. lard, as a simple 
word, ia usually pronounced 
[yeh'-dl (and) [vili'd]; the d 
being oistinctly oontol at times. 

Tornnt [yun-ut]; or Yeant 
[yea-ut], eaithnut. Wh. 01.; 



' gen. Also, ySarthnut [yi*h*th- 

Teth [yeth*], the pronunciation 
of earth. Also y^arth [yi'h'th]. 

Yether [yedh-nr] ; or Tedder 

[yed*-ur], v. a. and sb. To * yether 
and dyke ' [yedh'ur un daa'k] is 
to hedge and ditch ; and yether- 
*^ ([yedh'u'ring]) is hedging. 
Yedder and yeddering ([yed^u*r- 
ing] ) are quite as often used. A 
ymdeTj or yether proper, is a 
large twig oi hazel, ash, or other 
pliable wood, and is used, along 
with stakes, in constructing 
thorn, or * cut and laid ' hedges ; 
Mid. [Called ether in the South 
of England; see Yeather^ in 
E. D. S. Gloss. B. 15.— W. W. S.] 

Yethworm [yeth-waom], earth- 
worm. Employed figuratively^ 
too, to denote a miser. Wh, 
Gl,; gen. Also yi^arthworm 

Yetling [yet*- (and) yit-lin], a 
small iron yessel for the fire. 
Wh, GL ; Mid. 

Yok [yok-], v. a. To ' pok off* a 
bumen, is to throw it off calcu- 
latingly. It is a jerking action; 

Yoldring [yaol'd'rin, yaowld'r- 
ing], the yellow-hammer ; gen. 

Yotten [yot-u'n]; or Yottle 
[yot*u*l], V. a. to perform the 
act of imbibing or swallowing 
any liquid, in quantity. Yot- 
tening [yot'ninj, part. pres. and 
sb. These forms are quoted in 
the Wh. 01. The verbs are 
there breu;keted, but there is 
really a distinction felt by those 
who employ them ; the last verb 
denoting an advanced stege of 
deglutihon, beyond the mere 
strains in swallowing expressed 
by yotten. [^Yottle is another 
form of guttle, Halliwell gives 
— " O utile, to be ravenous. 
North.**— W. W. S.] 

Yonp [yaowp*, yaoh'-p, yuoh*'p, 

yuo'p], V. a., v. n., and sb. to 
whoop ; to bawl ; to yelp ; gen. 

Yoxis [yaows], v. a. and sb. the 
refined pronunciation of iMe, 
which, in this instance, is not 
less characteristic than the vul- 
gar pronunciation [yiw^s (and) 
yih^s] ; Mid. • 

YowdeH [yaowdu'n], v. n. to 
yield. Wh, GL ; Mid. 

Yowl [yaow'l, yoo^, v. n. and 
V. a. to howL Wn, GL; gen. 
Also, Htbatantively, 

Yowse [yaows], house. An oc» 
casional nronundation heard in 
Nidderdalo. It is more usual in 
upper Craven. 

Ynok ! [yuok* !], interj. an ex* 
clamation expressive of boister- 
ous feeling ; Mid. * Yuck ! lads I 
the game's our own* [Yuok* 
laadz' t gaamz' wur* e'h*n]. 

Ynk [yuok-], v. a. to labour, by 
reason of overweight; Mid. A 
little child who wiU carry a great 
haby, goes *yukking about' with 

Ynke [yiw*k, yd'h*k], v. n. to 
itch; gen. 

Yuke [yiwk-;i; or Y6ak [yih*-k], 
the pronunciation of hook; gen. 

Ynke [yiwk*], v. a. to beat with 
anytmng, as a stick, strap, or 
rope. Used also tubstantively, 
to designate a quick smart stroke, 
as a lash with a whip; Mid. 
See Yark (which is merely a 

Ynkle [y:i*h'ku*l, yiwku'l], v. a. 
to pucker ; Mid. 

Ynle [yiwl] ; or Ynl [yuol-] ; 
or Yel [yeV] ; or YSal [yi'hl], 
the time of Christmas; gen. 
Old people employ the last form. 
The several forms are also com- 
pounded with various words, as 
m Yul-een [yuol'-eo'n], Chnst* 
mas - eve. Yul - cake [yuol*- 
(and) yi-h'1-kih'k], Yule-clog 
[yiw-l - tlog], yule-log. Yel- 



candle [yel'-kaanuTl. Yule- 
tree ^wi-t*ree], Christmas- 
tree. Yule - yal [yiwl - yaal], 

Tnre [yiwh'r], udder ; gen. See 

Zhmy [zin'il a feeble-brained 
person; Mid. 

Zoloh I [zaolsh* !], interj. a threat- 
fdl, mock -angry exdamation : 

Zdldering ['z:ao*ldVrin], adj. an 
opprobrious epithet, reserved for 
yerv wrathfal occasions, but 
^thout more meaning than the 
Ibroe of sound conyeyB; Ifid. 

ZookerinB! [zook'rinz !], interj. 
enreesive of amazement. WK 
01: gen. 

Zonnderkite [*zoon*d*ukaa"t, 
kaeyt (ref.)]> usually applied to 
one whose stupid conduct results 
in awkward mistiJi^es ; Mid. 

Zounds ! [*z:oo*nz, "zaownz (re£)], 
inteij. more commonly beam 
than in ordinary speech, and 
often used as a mere expression 
of wonder, or surprise. ' Zound$ I 
&ther ! do you see what 's going 
on down there I ' [*Z:oo*nzfi*h*d'u, 
di yu si* waats* gaang*in aoxr 
duon dhi'h 13. 'Zounds/ is that 
thou?' ['Z:oo*n2 iz* dhaat' *dhoo*]y 
is that you f Mid. 



Anter [aan*f u], excuse ; gen. 

Am [aa*n], v. n. to run, or walk hastily ; gen. (The A.8. for * to run ' 
is yman ; Mid. Eng. emeut or imen, — W. W. 811 

Oan fgaan'] ; or Oaagr [gaangg*] ; or O&e [gei*, gaeh**] ; or 06a 
[gd'V] ; or Gah [gaa*], y. n. all forms of go; gen. Gan and Qang^ 
are most generally heard ; and GHie and Gia are common ; but ^M2h 
have usually their place in conversation. The two last forms fre- 
quently help the tone of a remark, and may also serve to vary the 
meaning by a shade, as in banter, or light ridicule, or when the motives 
of speakers are opposed. For example, a mother with some knowledge 
of clandestine proceedinss which are disturbing the peace of a house- 
hold, exdaims, wrathfUlly, to the person most mterested in their con- 
tinuance: 'I tell thee now, he shall gang^ and thou may gan with 
him ' [:Aa* tilz' dhu noo isu*l *^;aan^ff', un* dhoo* mu gaan* wiv* im*l; 
whereupon, ^e daughter, makmg b^t of the weighty sent^ioe, and* 
from vexation, sooutmg part of its cumbrous forms, responds : < Very 
well, mbtiiier ; let him gae; and let it be tLofkeing altogether, for I am 
safe to gang with him' [Taar'u wee'l, muod**u, 'lit' im* ge*h', un* lit* 
it' be^ u ge*in yaaltugid'm, fur Aa'z *Bi*h'f tu gaang;ff* wid'* im*]. 
Gah IS chi^y used in addressing children. There are auothe refined 
forms Gdatguoh'*], and (more peculiar to Mid- Yorkshire), Gauh 
fgaoh**]. The last form is further refined upon in Gau [gao*], which 
TOlongs, chiuracteristically, to the market-towns. 

Greatsome [gr:ii0um], a^]. huge; Mid. 


In the Glossic rendering of words, wherever [*'] occurs, read P*]. 
Page 1, Aggerheads, Ime i, for [aagmri'h'dzj read [aaff*uri*'lrdz]. 

— 3, Arvil-cake, L i, for [aa*vil-ki*h*k] reocl [aa'vil-kih'k]. 

— 3, Ass, 1. ii,/or [aas--ke'h*d] rfoci [aas*ke'*h*dl. 

— 3, „ 1. iii, /or [aas'-ruo'h*!] retwJ Taas*uo"hl1. 

— 4, Backbearaway, 1. ii, for [baakln'h'ruwe'h'] read [baakbi'h'r- 

— 4, Baok-kest, 1. i, for [baak-kest] read [baak'-kest]. 

— 6, Baim-baim, t xvi, for [graon'-be'h'n] and [graaQ*-baa*n] 

read [graon'-be"h*nl and fg^raan'-baa^nj. 

— 6, Baimteam, L i. /or [be-h'nrih'm] read [be-h'nti**h'm]. 

— 6, Balk, L xi,/or fsweh'dh-bao'h'k] read [sweh'-dh-bao-t'kj 

— 6, Balks, L x, /or Xbaan-bao'hlu] read [baali-bao'*h'k8]. 

164 ERRATA. 

^ge 6, BarzStt, L iz, /or fbaazuu] rtad pAa-zun]. 

— 6, BftM, 1. ii, /or [di'h'r-boaa ; diwT-baaa] rtxid [dili'r-baas, 


— 6, Basa, I. ux,/ot rpaaji--bEia8'] read [paan'-baas]. 

— 7. Beftn-day, 1. i, /or [bi-h'n-di-h'] read [bi-h'n-di-h']. 
~ 7, Bock, L u, for [bek-sti-h'iiz] read [bek'Bti-h'nz]. 

~- 7, Be|n:u-&ce, 1. i, for [beK'ufili'B (and) feh'e] read [begufi-h's 
(and) fe--h'8]. 

— J, „ ,, 1. iii. /or [ben.uliiOR*] '■''^ r'>*e''iliiog], 

— 7, ,, ,, 1. KTiii, /or [beg-uflh's] feoti BB aboTe. 

— 7, Beggarataff, 1. i, for [beg-urataaf-l read fbeg-ustaafj. 

— B, EeUaoes. 1. i, /or [bel-UBiz-] rmd [bol'uBiz]. 

— 8, Bell-horse, 1, i,/or [belao-i'B] r«i'Y[bel-ftO"l»'8]. 

— 8, BeU-house, 1. i, for [bel-oo's] read [liel-oo-e], 

— 8, BeUkite, 1. i, /or' [berkaa't] read [bel-kaa-t]. 

— 8, BoUywark, 1. i, for [bel-iwaa-k] read [bel'iwaa-k], 

— 8, Boat-Uke, 1. i,/or [bea'tlaa-kl read [bee-tiaa-k], 

— 9, „ „ i. a, for [Eri-h'd-laa-k] r«»/ [gi-h'd-laa-k]. 

— 9, „ „ 1. iii,/t>rn)ef'iilaa-kjrearf[bet'-iilaa'-k]. 

— 9, „ „ L iv, /or fbeB'tlaa'k] read as above. 

— 9, Bett«rm<Mt, 1, i, /or [bet-'umust-] read [bef nmuBt]. 

— 9, „ „ I. vii, /or [bet''iinuuB'] read [bef'uraua]. 

— 9, Bettermy) L ii, /or [bet-'unmoli''] read [bef'Timuoh'} 

— 9, BtttwAontrhilea, 1. i, /or [bitweenwaa-lz] read [bitwee-n- 

— 9, ,, „ L iv, /or [Utwee'nwaa'lz] read [utweo'n- 

— 9, Bide, I, Tiii, /or [langTir] read [laanBTu]. 

— 10, Binwood, 1. i, for [bin'wnod-] read [bin'wuod]. 
— 11, Blaah, 1. Ti,/or r-ne'h-'bdi-] reod [ne-h'bdi]. 
— 11, Blen'oom, L i, /or rbleii-kuoh''ii] read [blen-kuoh'n]. 
— 12, Boil7, 1. X, for [paobzl reod [paobBl. 

— 13, Bowdykite, 1. T/or [boaw dika'yf (and) kiia-t] nod [baowdi- 
ka'j't ^and) kaa"t]. 

— 14, Bnnaging, 1. i,/or [bwwli'n^ui] read [btao-li'njin]. 









•KIMIA 4aST>-* 


J\r B T H 









C / 


r / 






BIRBTALL FBl\rt «n. 



9 dotted Lines show the Divisions of the District inta North, West, and East. 
frrempo" th the variations in the Oia\ec\ as ex\Aa\t\^\^\V\* Vt\\r«lucti oi 

^ ''»' • G/ossary. 









FREDERICK ROSS, f.r.h.s., 










Hitherto there has been no published Glossary of the Holder- 
ness Dialect, which is much to be regretted, as it possesses peculiarities 
and relics of old English speech not to be found elsewhere, many 
of which are disappearing, or have already become obsolete. 

Robinson's Whitby ; Marshall's Provincialisms of East Yorkshire, 
in his ' Eural Economy of Yorkshire ' ; Brokesb3r's Observations on 
the East Biding Dialect, published in Kay's ' English Words ' ; and 
the short list of words in Thompson's ' History of Welton,' are all that 
can at all be considered as supplying the deficiency, but altogether 
they do not contain a tithe of the true dialect words used in the 
district, and many of those given differ in pronunciation and not 
unfrequently in meaning. 

In preparing the following Glossary the compilers have spent a 
considerable amount of time and labour in collecting, verifying, and 
revising the words and phrases, and they trust that they have suc- 
ceeded in producing a tolerably complete list, and in rescuing many 
rare words from oblivion. They have been careful to admit no words 
excepting such as can be considered genuinely dialectical ; technical 
trade terms, slang, and exotics having been avoided, excepting where 
they are peculiar to the district ; and such words as differ but slightly 
from ordinary English have been relegated to the Introduction. The 
Glossic of Mr. A. J. ElHs has been used to indicate the pronunciation, 
and the illustrations are taken from the every-day speech of the 

Of the divisions, as described in the Introduction, the Eastern 
portion has been the work of 'bfi. Stead, the l^orthem of Mr. Hol- 
demess, and the Western of Mr. Ross. For the Glossic Mr. Stead is 
solely responsible. 


The thanks of the compilers are due to the Rev. Walter W. 
Skeat for the ready and valuahle aid he has rendered in going over 
the proof sheets, and correcting several etymological errors, besides 
suggesting numerous additions of derivation and illustrations from old 
authors, which his profound acquaintance with the old northern 
languages and his knowledge of early English literature have enabled 
him to supply. 


(1) In almost every coie ^johert u is foUowed hy a consonant {in the 
* glossic ' — i. e. within the square brackets) read u\ 

(2) Supply u' he/ore nor I in all such cases as [proY'n], [prod'l], Ac^ 
that is, read [provu'n], [prod'ul], <fec. 

(3) For T final read in every instance r*. 


f 1, BtoffrapiitiU and nitiorieal. 

i 2. GnuHinar of the Dialect . 

) 3, PrtitHieiaiiaH. 

i 4. Ftaei-lfaiiui and lAiir Pi-bhv 


} 5. Spetimeni of lit PiaUit :— 
(a) Ttie first chaploi of Genesu. 
(A) BeTerley Guol : a popular 

(e) Iluldemcsa Humour. 


Thb dietrict or wapontako of Holdcraeas Ues at the foot of tho Woldo, 
and forms tho luw-lying, south-oostem comer of tho Baat'Biding of 
Yorkshire, terminateil at the extreme point by the promontory of Spurn. 
It is triangular in shape, with its fauBe on the Humbot and its apes near 
BridiingtoQ. Ita natural boundaries, although it was formerly con- 
sidered to extend westward of Hull, are the German Ocean, the Estu- 
ary of the Uuinbor, and Hull riror. It is divided into three minor 
■wapentakes — North, South, and Middle, comprising ISOj'lTO acres, with 
eighty-eight townships, of which forty-five are parishea; three market- 
towns — Uedon, Uornsoa, and Fatringtou; whilst on its margin are those 
of Boverley, Bridlington, Driffield, and Hull, a portion of the lattor, 
eastward of tho river Hull, heing really in Holdemesa. 

The lords of the seigniory had castles at Skipsoa and Burstwick, 
and there was a Saxon fort at Aldhorough, built, it is presumed, on the 
aite of a previous one of Boman construction. There were ahbeys at 
Swine and Meaux, and priories at Nunkeoling and BuratoU. In the 
Itoman period there was n sea-port called Prtotorium, whence com was 
■hipped for Home, which was brought hither along the via tnciiialit, 
a rood running frum Eburacum, the capital of Maxima CoeBarionsis, by 
way of Petuaria, aupposod to be Bevorloy, It is not known where this 
port was situated, Patrington, Hedon, Aldhorough. and Spurn all 
claiming tho honour. In tho Saxon and Norman ages tho ohief port of 
Holdemesa was RavenEpurn, now washod nway by the sea, whence camo 
the De la Polos, who were merchants there, afterwards of Hull, and who 
iubsequently became Dukea of Suffolk, and played an importitnt part in 
English history. 

It waa at EaTenapura that Henry of Bolingbroko landed to wrest the 


sceptre from tlie hands of his cousin Bichard, and where Edward IV. 
landed after his flight to Flanders, when he returned to flght the battle 
of Bamet. 

Ptolemy mentions a race of people resident in Holdemess whom he 
calls Parisi. They are supposed to have been a branch of the Cymric 
Celts, speaking a different dialect from the Brigantes. But as the 
Teutonic equivalent of Parisi is Farisi, the probability is that they 
were a colony of Frisians from the opposite coast, which seoms to be 
confirmed by the fact that there are villages in Holdemess with Frisian 
suffixes, not known elsewhere in England. At this period the district 
was almost entirely covered with a dense forest and morasses, and had 
a chain of lakes or lagunes along the coast, at Hornsea, Skipsea, With- 
emsea, and Ellnsea, that of Hornsea still remaining. Traces of the 
primeval forest are still frequently dug up in partially-carbonised trees. 
In this wild and watery region, where no cereals were grown, the Parisi 
pastured their cattle and kept herds of swine, upon which the Brigantes 
of the uplands made raids, and eventually reduced the people to a species 
of serfdom. 

It was not until long after the subjection of South Britain by the 
Bomans, that the Brigantes, a warlike race, were brought under Roman 
rule, and it was still later that the Parisi of Holdemess were subjugated. 
They were a brave people, although mere herdsmen ; their country was 
difficult of access, in an out-of-the-way comer, and, with its forests and 
morasses, presented great facilities for defence and guerilla warfare, but 
tiiey were eventually conquered, and the greater portion fled westward 
to the mountains of Wales and Cumberland. In the pages of Tacitus 
there are some shadowy references to battles and skirmishes in 

After the departure of the Bomans came the Saxon age of Britain, 
the most important, in a philological point of view, of any in the annals 
of Holdemess, as then were laid the foundations of the existing dialect. 
Ida, * the flame-bearer,' landed at Flamborough, whence (says tradition) 
its name, and founded the Saxon kingdom of Northumbria.* Soon after, 
JBSHa., his kinsman, sailed up the Humber and assiunod the sovereignty' 
of Deira, or South-Northumbria, whence Ida was not able to dislodge 
him, and had to content himself with Bemicia or North-Northumbria. 
Northumbria was peopled by the Angles from Schleswig, with a mingling 
of Saxons, whose mixed dialects of the Teutonic tongue became the com- 
mon languages, in which the speech of the few remaining Brigantes and 
Parisi became absorbed, more especially in Holdemess, where it appears 
to have been lost altogether, as now scarcely a vestige remains of the 
old Celtic tongue, either in the village names or in the spoken language. 

1 Of tho derivation of Flam, Flmne^ or Fieam, notliing certain is known. It has 
been conjectured that it might refer to a Flame or beacon for the puidance of shipH ; 
or it mav have some connection with tho entrenchment, called Danes-dyke, which 
crosses the promontory, as there is, in Cambridgeshire, a catting called Fleam-dyke, 
which is its exact counterpart. 



Aftorwarda there cnrae a ^oat infusion of the Daniah olemont in Holder- 
ness, from the proximity of its shore to those of Denmark : Bavenspum 
at the mouth of the Humher lieing one of the chief landing-places of 
the YikingK. and hence obtiiining its nnmo from their national emhlem, 
the Black RjiTtm. Groat niimbors of that people settled in the district, 
and B, hybrid Dano- Anglo -Saxon language grew up, which is the basis 
of that spoken by tho Hr)ldemoss peasantry to this day. 

The Norman conquest did not affect Northmnbria until aftt^r the 
I- thorough subjugation of the south and west, and even then a species of 
Mmi-indopcudenoo prevailed, until the second revolt of Oospatric, in 
[ fevour of Edgar the Atheling, which brought the king to York, when 
I he inflicted that t<)mble punishment of laying waste sixty miles of 
I counfiy, and tnaasacring the inhabitants. HoldemesB, however, 
Bsped this doom, Beverley standing as a barrier between it and the 
! merciless conqueror. St John of Beverley, who was Archbishop of 
I York some four centuries previously, had built a collegiate church 
at Ijovurley, and hither a detachment of the king's troops came to 
[ plunder the Uiiistor; hut the moment the commanding officer entered 
F the building ho was stricken dead by the saint for his sacrilegious pro- 
, sumption, and this acting upon the superstitious fears of the Norman 
l>uke, he issued orders that the town and monastery should be ex- 
empted from the fearful retribution. 

Holdomess was given tiy William I. as a baronial fee, with seign- 
iorial rights and powers, to Drogo de Bruere, a rieming, who had 
married his niece, Since then the lordship has been held by several 
illustrious families and uotable persons, including the Earls of Aumorle, 
. the De la Poles, the Staftords, Dukes of Buckingham, the D'Arcys, 
1 Earls of Holderno^, lliomas of WoodstiH'k, son of King Edward HI., 
[ Queen Anne of Luxembourg, and Piers Gnvoston. the present Lord 
[ Paramount being Sir FredL-rick Augustus Talbot Clifford-Constable, 
[ third baronet. 

Although Iloldemose thus became an important Norman barony, 

was so unproductive that vciy few Normans settled within its bound- 

I &ri»s: one of the early lords petitioning for some additional lands else- 

I irhore, as his domain would grow nothing but oots. Its infertility 

I bIso prevented the settlement of the KomanB to any extent, excepting 

' along the road to their port of shipment, and thus there are remarkably 

few words in the dialect of either Latin or Norman-French derivation, 

vhich, coupled with the expulsion of the Celtic aborigines, and the fact 

that the descendants of the Saxons and the Danes lived an isolated life, 

■ddom holding intercourse with strangers eastward of Hull, accounts 

for the drcumstance that the dialect is more exclusively Saxo-Daniah, 

with less adulteration and fewer exotics, than that of any other district 

in England. The ploughmen and nuUrmaids of Holdemess, in their 

I ordinary speech, make use of great numbers of words, flimiliar lo 

■'■tudeate of early English Uterutiiro, which are not met with elsewhere. 


Illastrations of such coincidences, from the works of the old writers, are 
giyen in the Glossary, as well as specimens of words and phrases still 
current in America, taken thither by the Pilgrim Fathers, but which 
are obsolete in England, excepting in Iloldcmeas. 

* If you look upon the language spoken in the Saxon times, and the 
English now spoken/ said Solden, * you will find the difference to bo 
just as if a man had a cloak, which he wore in Quoon Elizabeth's day, 
and since has put in here a piece of red, and there a piece of blue ; hero 
a piece of green, and there a piece of orange tawny. We borrow words 
from the French, Italian and Latin, as every pedant chooses. The 
Holdemess x>ea8ant still retains his strong, useful garment in all ite 
original simplicity, without the aid of any adventitious fripperj'. Separ- 
ated by lack of education, as much as by geographical remoteness, he 
has retained words and phrases which have elsewhere become obsolete, 
and others substituted, which frequently possess neither the force nor 
rigour nor picturesquenoss of the old English of the province, the words 
of which are laughed at as vulgarisms.* 

Although these remarks apply more especially and emphatically to 
Holdemess, they are applicable to some extent to the Dialects of York- 
shire generally. A striking instance of the retention of old words on 
the one hand, and the infusion of foreign derivatives on the other, may 
be seen in a comparison of the works of Chaucer and Wicliff, who were 
contemporaries. The former was a Londoner and a courtier, and his 
writings abound with words of Norman-French derivation ; whilst the 
latter, a Yorkshireman, makes use, to a much greater extent, of the 
homeliest Saxon. It may, nevertheless, be remarked, en passant^ that 
Yorkshire stands pro-eminent in the history of the English language in 
having given birth to Csedmon, the first and greatest Anglo-Saxon poet ; 
Alcuin, the most erudite scholar of the same era ; Gower, one of tho 
early English poets; Wicliff, the first notable prose- wi'iter in the vulgar 
tongue ; Coverdalo, the translator of the Bible into the language of the 
people ; Ascham, the reformer of English prose ; Walton, the compiler 
of the first English Polyglot Bible; Bentley, the eminent classical critic, 
cum muUis aliia. 

There are some very perceptible differences in the dialect, geographi- 
cally ; words which are common in some parts of Holdemess being 
wholly imknown in others ; and it is the eame in pronunciation, as, for 
instance, wheat and other similar words are pronounced tvheet in the 
oast, and ivheeat in the north and west.^ In tho north the dialect shades 
off into those of the Wolds and Cleveland, and in the west into those of 
York and the western portion of the East-Riding, whilst in the east, 
stretching down to Spurn, it remains in the purest and most unadulter- 
ated state. To indicate these differences, it has been found necessary to 
draw two imaginary linos, running diagonally from Hornsea : tho one 

^ Sco Notes on Pronunciation. 

TUS CUAMllAlt or TlIK biALKCT. :) 

to the mouth of the rivor Hull, the other to DrifBold, forming thu 
boundoriea of the Eastom, Northern, nnd Western divisiona, whidi are 
indicated iu the OloBsaryhy the letters E.,N., cmdW., aiirlaeketch-ma]) 
ia iippended, showing tbia geo^raplavul ilumnrcntiou. 

HoMemeaa is a purely iigritiultunil district of paaturo and com-lanil, 
ita productivonwa having been greatly impi'oved during the puat century 
by a skilful system of drainago. The coaat-liuo is gradually receding 
by the encroachments of the sea, at the nkte of two yards per annum, 
asrenil villages and churches having disappeared. A great portion of 
Uie dfbrii id carried round Spurn Fuint and dopoaited in the Huiuber, 
ilbnning a considerable area of fertile land, cuUud Sunk Mand, which 
Lppeared early in the 17th century as an island of 800 acres, and was let 

£6 per annum. It now consists of nearly TOOO acres, joined to the 
id, and I'calizea a rental of upwards of £16,000 per annum. 


T.tgit most other dialects, that of Holderiiosa has its peculiarities of 
grammar as well na of pronunciation. They may perhaps bo best 
&eated under the diilerout huads of the porta of sj«cah. 

I 1. The Ajiticle. 

■. The DtfiniU Arlicte. When used at all this is represented by t", 
IyIucIi is pronounced as if belonging to the next word.' In nil the three 
' divimona of Holdemess, however, this article is unknown, except, per- 
haps, in the wonls teean =: the otto, totber =: the other, and wuwatart = 
woe is the heart It is a nutation whether even those can be considered 
as instonoea of the use of the definite article. The truth is that the t' 
has become so blended with the accompanying words that we may look 
Bpon the forms teean, tothor, and wawstart. as tiniple Kurdt. Tho truth 
or this plainly appears when we compare with other districts where thie 
use of t" ifl in full play, as the district of York, where people say f teean, 
and t' father, evidently looking upon teean and totber as simple words 
rwiuiring the usual definite article t' to bo placed befoi'e them. 

In West Iloldcmess t' is used more frequently than in E. imiL N,, 
bat even then only before words beginning with a vowel ox k; as. for 
instance, we have f ee^, and t' oss (the borec), but never t' cart, 
t^ duukey, &.C. In W. this t" (changed to d) is joined to the end of some 
prepositionB, making practically new prepositions, which, however, can 
^only be used before rowels and the letter h, like the simple t' itself. 
(QSiua we have id hooso ^ in tlit bouse, uppoij oven ^ upon the oven. 

The Indfjtnite Article. A is almost iJwaya used, tho word an being 
■y glaringly employed; e.g. a apple, a engine. In certain cases, how- 
r, it is so joined to the following word as to practically become part 
{ that word. So that we have ' a nuwd man. an old man. and even 
cosionallt' ' two nawd men.' This case is exactly analogous to that of 
B English word newt, originally owt or eft. 

' Suo UDlIor Fruauncisliun, pago 12, 


2. TiiE Noun. 

1. Number. Many singular words aro used also as plurals, especially 
those denoting measures and weights ; as * fotty pund/ forty pounds, 
* twenty year, * ton quarther.' 

2. Case, Holdemess, in common 'wdth the other districts of York- 
shire, knows no possessive case of nouns, except where the possessive 
&lls at the end of the clause or sentence, or answers a question. Ac- 
cordingly wo have * Jack hat,* * My favther stick ; ' but, * This hat is 
Jack's/ * Who's stick is that ? ' * My fayther's/ The effect on the spoken 
language is very curious and striking to a stranger. 

3. The Adjective. 

The Holdemess native puts certain favourite endings, particularly 
ish and Jiedy at the end of almost any word or possible combination of 
words, wherewith to form an adjective. 

Examples : * maisthen/Ierf,' like a master, i. e. domineering ; * farm- 
hoose-i«A,' after the style of a farm-house ; * slap-em-i-mooth-i*^,' 
inclined to fight, bellicose. 

Certain comparatives, as rather, sooner, liefer, are followed by a«, 
and not by than, * Ah*d rayther ha' big un as little un,' I'd rather 
have the big one than the little one. 

Comparatives and superlatives are almost always formed by the 
addition of er and est, rarely by more and most ; e. g, mensfuller, 
beautifullest, &c. 

4. The Pronoun. 

Many of these differ in form from the ordinary English. Those 
Tariations might perhaps be appropriately mentioned under the head of 
Pronunciation, but we give the principal hero. The chief differences 
are : Ah, I ; mah, my ; thoo or tha, thou ; thah, thy ; hor, her ; oor, 
our; yer, your; ther, their; thahn or thaan, thine; maan, mine; 
hers, hers; thoz, those; sen, self. To these may be added, me', we', 
the*, ye', he' ; for me, we, thee or thou, j^ou or your, he or her. 
Sen s= self is compounded thus — mosen, thoson, his-son, horson, itsen, 
worsens and oorsens, yersens and yoursens, thei*soiis. The usual demon- 
strative is them, in the plural, as * them pigs,' but thoz is very common, 
as * thoz chaps.* 

Me, him, her, are frequently used as nominatives ; e. g. * me an' him 
did it,' * it was her (or hor) 'at did it* The contrary to this, i^iz., the 
use of the nominative for the objective, so common in the west of Eng- 
land, is unknown here. 

The difference between the emphatic and the non-emphatic pro- 
nunciation of the personal pronouns, witnesse<l even in ordinary English, 
is very marked in Ilolderneas, so much so that it may almost be said 
to result in the production of double forms ; e. g. : — 

f Ah [aa-] 

Emphatic ^ 

mah [maa*] 
me [mee'] 
thoo [dhoo*] 
. they 


a [aa] 

mi [mi] 

me' [nni] 

the' [dhu] 








1. Indicative. There ia but one form forall tlie threo peraonB singular 
f the present tenao, anil also one furm for the three perdona plural (aa 

, n ordinary English). Thus, Ah is, thoo is, he is, we are, you are, they 

jtFe. Ah gana, thoo gans, he gana, wo gun, &c The only eniMiptiona 
the Torb have and the verb do, which run thus, ' I hev, thoo hea, he 
._ J we hev,' &a. ; ' Ah deea, thoo diz, ho diz, we doea,' &c. Even hero, 

llowevor, we have the attematiTe forms. Ah hez, Ah diz, for the firat 
parson eingular. 

In tbo past tenao there ia but one fonn for all the pcreose, both 
eingular ajid plural. Thua, Ah teeak, thoo toeak, be toeak, we 4eoak, 

.you teeak, they toeak, I took, &c In the verb fo 6e we hiive the alter- 
native form were for waa, in the plural, but it ia not so commonly uaed. 

2. Bulijutieiive or Coiidiiianal. These mouda do not oxiet in the 
"""Less dialect, or, if they are used, they take the foiina of the pre- 

7. if I is, if thoo was, &c. 

3. S^ng preteritoa are very common, in fact, all but the unirersol 
. Wo have braat [burst], eew [sowed], teeak [took], wrowt [^worked]. 
have, however, many coaoa of the use of the weak preteiite where 

inrt Englinh has strong forma, as catched [caught]. 

4. Participlei in m. Holdernoss is particularly fond of the old par- 
iidplea in en. An inuuenfie number of them EtiU hold their groimd ; 
more, probably, than can be found iu aaj other EugliNh-speakmg dia- 
triot iu the world. A oon^dcruble number of them aro given in tho 
body of the Oloaaary, but probably not all. It ja believed, however, 
that all the most noteworthy aro given. 

It ought to be jaontionBcl that the auiiUary verb have ia frequently 
omitted. OS, 'Ah fun,' for 'Ah're fun,' I have found; 'Abeecubiui 
yanee o' tweyce,' I have aeen, &o. 

There is a curious use of the present tense which deaerrea in be 
notieed. viz., the almost universal use of it in narrutiuiis to denote pnet 
time. Thus a Iloldemess man, instead of saying (in any narrativo ho 
maybe relating), ' I caineand^fniydinner audtiiunufo' oack towork,' 
miuld probably sa,j, ' Ah cuna an yta my dinner and thon gam,' &c 
Xbia kind of thmg is, of couiao, not altogether peculiar to Holdemess. 

G. The Adtehb. 
Adverbs are for tho moat part represented by adjectivoB, the adverbial 
— '-laHon /y, especially, bemp almost unknown : e.g. ' it hots [hurts] 
she writes beautiful,' ' did it fine,' &c. One fonn, niistly [nastily], 
very common, 

7. The rBEPosiTioN. 
It has already been mentioned (the article) that many quasi-new 
propositionH aro formed by the addition of d = t', the definite article; 
t.g. uppoii = upon, id = m, Theae, however, are used only in IVost 
1 HuldemosB. 

8. The CoKJUKcnoN, 

^^H Xbiaki 



Soo under Adjective as to the ui 

) of ai iimtood of than after certain 



9. The Interjection. 

Some of these seem to be peculiar to Eaat Yorkshire ; as, wawstarf , 
alas*, the-dear-eye-ine\ &c. 


In considering this, careful note must be made of a fact which 
constantly escapes the notice eyen of educated residents in the district, 
viz., that there are really ttuo dialects in Holdemess, running side by 
Bide ; the one older and more ' yulgar,' the other yoimgor and more 
' refined.' Marshall notes this as being the case 100 years ago (Gloss. 
B. 2, p. 19, foot-note 4), and the same still obtains. 

The older and purer form is used by the lower classes — farm-servants, 
small tradesmen, &c. — and especially by old people. The yoimger 
dialect is spoken by those in a somewhat superior position, as fEumers, 
and the better class of tradesmen, and is much affected by the rising 
eeneration. The sentence * How many loads of oats are you eoing to 
nayeP' would be rendered by the labourer thus: [oo* maon'i luo'h'dz 
u waots aa yu boo'n ti ey], and by his master's daughter thus : [aow 
men'i lau'dz uy au'ts aa yu gau'in tu aay]. The difference between the 
two is yery striking, and it is a question which is the farther remoyed 
from the ordinary court English of to-day, the * yul^r ' or the * refined.' 
Wherever in the Glossary two or more pronunciations (in Glossic) are 
attached to a word the first is always the older or more vulgar. 

Although in general the three districts of Holdornoss, N., E., and W., 
agree in their pronunciation, yet each has its peculiarities, some of them 
being of consiaerable importance. The E. differs more from the W. and 
N. i£an those two divisions from each other. 

As Marshall says (B. 2, p. 18), * the deviations (from ordinary Eng- 
lish) lie principally in the vowels.* There are, however, some pecuh- 
aiities with regard to the consonants to be noticed. It will, perhaps, 
be best to treat of the peculiarities of pronunciation under tne three 
heads of vowels, diphthongs, and consonants. It is to be noted that, 
unless otherwise stated, each item refers to all the three divisions of 

1. Vowels. 

The vowels to be treated of are long a (as in cake), short a (as in cat), 
a (as in father), long e (as in me), long i (tribe), long o (note), short o 
(not), short u (nut), long u (induce). 

1. Long a. This has three distinct soimds [i'h'], [e'h*], [ae'l ; the 
two latter run side by side, and are about equally common, tiie nr 
the three being the oldest form. 

irst of 

Examples : — 








fi-h's]' "fe-h'sl 
ti-h'bl] 'te-h'bll 
•h*d] me-h'dl 
] L^o'h'nij 





It will bo observed that the power of [i'h*] is not quite co-extensive with 
that of the other two. 


2. ShiiH n. This iuvariubly beromcB [lui], as but [baut], can [kaauj, 
L^nock [kwoak]. 

I 3. ^, Hsin half, father, &u. This has two principal snundB, [au'J 
' (or fau'h']) as calf [kau'f], and ||e-h'] ns master [me'h'Hther']. In many 
Tords, however, the sound of this letter differs scarcely at all from that 
in receiTed English. 

{Note.) In a low words such as art, master, father, ijuart, tart, 
part, &c., the a becomes [e'h'] and tho r is omitted, thus giving eh't, 
me 'h' ether, &c, 

4. E, as in mo. This letter has usually the ibrce of the ordina^ 
I English e in roe. It is to he noticed, however, (IJ that in many words 
I t and « become u, especiaUy in the non-emphatic objectJYe cases of 
flio personal pronouna, as mo, thee, she, = [mut, [dtu], [ahu], (2)iV(or 
ear) becomes almost inTariably tau'] or [aarj, after the fashion of our 
modom English clerk, Bcrgoant, &c., and m some mouths Derby, Berk- 
shire, Hertlbrd, £c. The chief words following this rule are : — 



convert (verb) 






r, devil, 

mere (lak.) 


pronouneal [saa-tn], [kaonsaa-n], &c. 
&o., the e in the first syllable bei?omeBrr|, ivver, nivrcr, diwol. 

5. Long t, as iu night, tribe, &c. ITus has two distinct powers [aa'y 
(or aa')] and [ey]. To a stranger it seems as if these were used indis- 
criminately, but such is tar from being the case. Each follows certtum 
veil defined and fised rules. 

(1) When this lono; i is followed by (n) o flat consonant, i. e. by tho 
letters i, d, g hard, J (or g soft), i', e (or » with i sound) ; ffi) the liquids 
I, m, and n ; (y) another vowel ; it has the sound of [aa-y], which has in 
N. and W. a groat tendency to become [aa '' 



ithraaTb] [or thraa'b] 
baa 'yd] 
ia"yv] pie [paa"y] 

(2) When, on the other hand, long i is followed by asharp consonant, 
.(. by one of the letters c (or i with sharp souni), /, k, p, t, or tho 
g liquid, r, it is pronounced [ey], e. g, : — 

rreya] pipe [peyp] 

fleyf] bght fteyt] 

peyk] fire [feyr] 

rice [reya 
life fleyf 
piko [peyl 

Occasionally, ospocially 
fine [feyn] ; but rfaa'yn] 
words, ospecinlly iti 

W. and N., i before n becomes [oy], as 

tfaa'n] is far more common. In some 
i stands before glit, it takes the sound 

of [ee], as light [lno-t], bright [bree-t], sight [see-t] ; but 6' 
' ave afsoaido by side with this the [eyl r- - '— ' ' — ' 
The peculiar sound of the long t be 



striking cliaractenstics of tho East (and North) Yorkshire pronunciation ; 
and by this test an East-Biding man may always be distinguished from 
a native of the West-Biding. 

In little the i becomes [aa*], [laa*tl]. 

6. Long o, as in note. Tms has two principal sounds, [uo'h'] and 
[au*] ; the former belonging to the more vulgar, the latter to the more 
refined or * middle speedi/ as Marshall calls it. Note, hole, bole, thus 
become either nuo*h t, uoh'l, buo*h*l, or nau't, au'l, bau'l. Tho former 
of the two [uo'h*] is well known in the West-Biding, but the use of [au*] 
for is not to be met with in that Biding, except, perhaps, in a few 
villages on tho East or North-Biding^ borders. 

In a few words long o becomes [I'h*], as in don't, won't, bono, rope, 
which are pronounced [di'h'nt], [wi*h*nt], &c. In pole and one or two 
more o becomes [aow]. 

7. Short o, as in pot. This is almost invariably so ; as dot, bog, loll, 
rot, bottom, cotton, which are pronounced [daot], [baog], [laol], &c. 

In the word not it is [uo], [nuot]. 

8. Short w, as in nut, Dutter, is always [uo], as : — 

but [buotl 
cut rkuotj 
dun [duonj 













9. Long u, as in induce, becomes very often [iw], as [indiw's]. This 
obtains more in N. and W. than in E. 


10. At, as in pail, is soimded as a long, that is, as [i'h'], [e'h*] 

11. Ea, as in wheat. This is a great test-sound for a native of the 
E. portion of the district. In E. this diphthong has the same force as 
in ordinary English ; in W. and N., on the other hand, it becomes i*h' ; 
80 that the woras wheat, beans, tea, reap, cheat, squeal, become — 

In E. Holdemess. 

In W. and N. Holdemess. 

This rule holds good even in such^words as head, dead, where ordinary 
English has a different sound. 

12. Ei\ in deceive, &c. This is in W. and N. [ih'] ; in E. [ce*], 
following the rule for the diphthong ea. In the words either and 
neither this diphthong may be any of the following : [e'h*], [ao*], 
[i'h*], [oe'], [eyj, so that neither^ for instance, has all tho following 

fironunciations : [ne'h^dhur'], [nae'dhur'], [ni'h'dhur*], [noe'dhur*], 

13. Oa, as in boat, follows the rule for long o. 

14. Oi (or oy), as in loiter, boy, is invariably pronounced [aoy]. 

15. Oo, Two principal sounds are given to this diphthong, [i'h'] 
and [oo']. Book, look, fool, tool, may be eitiier — 


bi-h'k I 
li-Vk ( 

I Obserre oo has hordty 


these aa in ordinary English. 

fuu-1 ) „ 

too-1 ) ^ 

r the short sound [uo] so often met with in 
the court English o^ to-dny. But a few wards, «uch as hood, foot 
(generally, however, [fi'h't]), wood, haro it. 

IS. (tu or our, as in house, sow. In this diphtboii^ (as in long i) we 
have a ready teet-snund f<ir a native of the N. or a. Ridings, as dis- 
tinguished n-om a Wt'^t-IUding man. In the East-Uiding generally, 
there are two principal sounds lor thetiombination o' " ' "■ ' ' ' 
is the older and Biore vulgar form ; (2) [bow], t 
fbrm. The words house, mouse, louso, gown, dun 
flitm-laboui'er pronountod^ 

u; (l)[oo-]. which 
) altogether refined 
I, about, are hy the 


and by the fanner's wife 
and daughters — 



'uboo-t] . 

17. Ow, as in low. is either [an-] (older form), or [aow]. Bow (if 
I teees), low, &o., are pronounced either [raw], [luu'], or [raow], [laow]. 
I Borne words, as soul, bowl, &ft, seem to havo lost the older form, and 

now pronounced only as [soow'l], [baowl], &c. 

3. CosaoNANTS. 

18. i) with a closely following r becomes [dh] (see also <, no. 21) ; e, j, 
' driTO [dhraayv], under [uon'dhur^, drunk [dhruongk], and oven when 

the d and the r are in two diitorent words, as wod her [wodhur"]. 

I9i H, iaitinl. Never aspirated under any circMiniBtances. It seema 
almost impossibia to get a Holdcmess man to give the aspirate at all. 
The writer once tried as an experiment how many of a da^ of boys and 
girls in a mi:(ed elomentary school could bo got to give the necessary 
breathing. There were 2o children in the class, and the time allowed 
20 minutos. After working hard for tlio time allotted, the writer found 
that oiilytwo of the children had really mastered the tcLsk; one other was 
uncertain, BometimoB being ablo to aspirate, sometimes failing in spite 
of all efforts ; the rest were utter failures. 

20. A This letter is well trilled before vowols, but omitted after, 
unless, of course, another vowel follows immediately. This letter has 
thopowerof modifying the letters i, (I, «, when it follows them. Thus 
birth, dirt, shirt, mortar, turnip. Burton, &c., are pronounced [baoth], 
[daotl, [ahaot] (or [shet]), [maotb-ur*], [taou'up], [Baot'n], &c.. whore 
it will be observed that [ooj is the power given to the modified letters. 

21. T before r = th; as tree [threo'l, try [thraa'y], indetriment 
[indoth-riment]. (See d, no. 18.) 

22. Ing in the termination ing is invariably sounded [in] except in 
monosyllables 1 — it is not uncommon, however, to bear bring pronounced 
[brin] — thinkin, runnin, swingin. 

23. CT, itntial. is generally [tl], as dot [tiaot]. 

24. 01, initial, inliko manner becomes [dl], as 
23, Mb nearly alwaj's becomes [f?t], that is, b ii 





[ohaa'mui^], tumble [tuom*l], bramble pbraam'l], thimble [thim'l], &c. 

26. V, This letter is the one used between Towel-sounds for 
euphony's sake ; t. e, when one word ends with a yowel-sound (more 
especially [t]), and the next begins with a towo1/v is inserted between the 
two, as div-Ah = do I, instead of di Ah or deeah Ah ; intiy it, instead of 
inti it, that is, into it 

The foregoing notes embrace all the chief peculiarities of the Holder- 
ness pronunciation, and all those, or thereabouts, capable of being 
reduced to rule. Many minor differences of course occur, but only a 
few need be giyen here. The prefix a is often omitted, as possle for 
apostle, bate for abate, &c Oh soft becomes ch hard ; chaff becoming 
kaff; chest, kist; belch, belk. The terminations age, idyfy &c„ become 
idi, as cabbage [kaab'ish], porridge [paod'ish]. The now silent gh in 
though, through, slaughter, and seyoral other words, ofben becomes 
/, as though [dhaof], slaughter JTslaaf'thur']. However, we never 
hear this in bought, thought, &c. The letter /in the termination Id is 
often dropped, as cold [kau'd], fold [feu'd], hold [aod], scold [skau-d]. 
The letters re are often given in inverted order, er, as persarve = pre- 
serve, hundherd (or himcmad) = himdred, werslo (or wossle) ^ wrestle. 
The peculiar effect on the pronunciation of the omission of the definite 
article (see Notes on Grammar) can scarcely be conceived by one who 
has not heard the dialect spoken. 

lost of words in whicn the pronunciation differs so little from the 
ordinary English that it has been thought unnecessary to insert them in 
the body of the Glossary. 














































are not 

I am 






















appricocks ) 

apricocks ( 













of late 








at nights 



















atop on 

on the top of 




in two 










coarse, course 














alter, altar 




own, to own 







































creeakt | 
crewkt ) 












































care not 















cbeean ' 

























































































gowld ) 

goold ) 



grano ) 

grooan j 


grooap ) 

growp ] 































































jeist > 
joiso ) 



































to hurl 















capo (cloak) 






t. of to leave 
ie (untruth) 
to lead 

lightning • 








made, maid 



mane, main 






















Nar (or nah) 








might (W.) 

milt of fishes 



































post (or pooast) 









altar, alter 












to peel 



pismires, ants 




























































quiet, quite 

p. t. of to ride 

rime (hoar-frost) 




rein, rain 



p. t. of to row 

to rock 

















p. t. of to sit 












p. t. of to spm 

p. t. of to stick 






















thee [thee*] 





















straight (W.) 


p. t. of to swear 





to tear 

there, their 

there is, there are 

to tread 

thread, to tread (E.) 
thirty (W.) 











tonny, tonner 




tooatle ) 

tottle ] 














wind [win*d] 
























p. t. of to wind 


weak, wick (of 

waste, waist 
p. t. of to weave 

to wind 



Aa many of the names of the towns and villages of Holdemess 
receive a prommciation such as to make them often unrecognisable by 
strangers, a list is subjoined of the more remarkable differences between 
spelling and pronunciation in place-names. 



Name of Place, 

Burlington ' 

Name of Place, 














Kiln wick 



Magdalen BLill 



Paffhill or Paull 






Skirlington Hill 





Waghen or Wawne 







"au'bruf, aol'bru] 

baol'itun, baol'intun] 
|baos*twig, bruos'twik] 


[baot'n] fThis enters into the name of 
many niaces, as Burton Pidsea, Burton 
Constaole, Bishop Burton, Cherry 
Burton, Brandsburton, &c.) 








uom'ptn, uom'tn] 


"ken'ieum, ken'inggum] 
















guom'butliau'n, or thaunuguombau'ld] 








1 Otherwise Bridlington. 




1. r boginnin" Qod meead heaven an' ath* oot o' nowt. 

2. An* ath* was wi'oot shap," an' emty : and dahkness was nppa* 
Ibeace o'* deep. An' sperit o'* Qt)d storred* nppa* foeace o'* watthers. 

3. An' GFod sod, Let ther' be leet : an' ther' was leet. 

4. An' Qod seed leet, 'at it was good : an' God devabded leet fre'^ 

o. An' God call'd leet Day, an* dahkness he call'd Neet. An' neet 
an' mooanvi' we'* fost day. 

6. An' God sod. Let ther be a fahmament i' midst o' watthers, an' 
let it devahde watthers fro*' watthers. 

7. An' God moead fahmament, an' devahded watthers 'at wer'* 
nndher fahmament £re" watthers 'at wer" aboon fahmament, an' it was 

8. An' God call'd fahmament Heaven. An' neet an' mooanin' we'* 
aeoond day. 

9. An' God sed, Let watthers 'at's* nndher heaven be gether'd 
tegither inti' yah pleeace, an' let cQiry land appear ; an' it was seeah. 

10. An' God call'd dhiyland ath :* an' gethorin' tegither o' watthers 
lie call'd Soeas : an' God seed 'at it was good. 

11. An' God sod, Let ath* brinfj fooath gess, yahb yieldin' seed, an* 
frewt throe yieldin' frewt efther his kahnd, wheeaso seed is iv'* itsen, 
nppa* yath * : and it was seeah. 

12. An' ath* browt fooath goss, an' yahb yieldin' seed efther his 
kahnd, an' three yieldin' frewt, wheease seed was iv'* itsen, efther his 
kahnd : an' God seed 'at it was good. 

13. An' neet an' mooanin' we'* thod day. 

14. An' God sed, Let ther' be leets i' fahmament o' heaven ti dcvahdo 
day fre*' neet : an' let 'em be fa sahns, an' fa seeahsons, an' fa days, an' 

15. An' let 'em be fa leets i' fahmament o' heaven ti gi'" leet nppa * 
yath': an' it was seeah. 

^ * At fost of all * would be a much more dialectic form of expression. The word 
0r0af&d is changed into ' tMead oot o* nowt * for the same reason. 

' Ath is used when ttie preceding word ends with a consonant, and jfath when it 
ends with a vowel. 

' The word /orm is almont, if not quite, unknown in the Holdemess dialect. 

* Uppa is used when followed by a consonant, and uppav when followed by a 
vowel. . 

* 0* is generally used before consonants, and ov before vowels. 

* Storred is substituted for inoved^ being a much more dialectic word. 

' Fre* is used when followed by a consonant, and/rw when followed by a vowel. 

* We* is used before a consonant, and tcer before a vowel. 

^ AVt [that is], that are. The singular is very often used for the plural in 

^ Iv is used before a vowel, and t* (short i\ before a consonant. 
Gi is used before a consonant, and give oeforo a vowel. 

Note,— In. those fifteen versos the definite article is used 62 times in the Authorised 

si'El'IMens of the dialect. 



Ohm nil ye young laila that iu Torrkdiir Ho dwell, 
Oow liirtcu tl my ditty, aa thnith to you Ah'll toll. 
As Ah had aa money nor nu frind t[ gl bail, 
Oh I Ah waa afooacod tl goug alang U gaol. 

Aa Then Ah gat there, oh ! this Ah did odmeyr, 

TI see 89 monny lusty laiis a. aittiti' aroonrt feyr. 

Sum was whis'liu ; sum singin ; h«7 an others looakui sad, 

Blama ! thinks AJi, bud this is Bedhim : they'r till gaouia mod. 

Then in com gaoler, an thus he did sny, 

' Noo, iiiy lad, as thoo's inotwy for thy garnish thoo mun pay.' 

Ah paid doon ml money an 'bacca it was browt ; 

Oh ! ther was so muany on us it was seean smoeak't oot. 

Then in com TonkSy, an thus he did say, — 
' Noo, my lads, tl y r quhathors you all mun away.' 
Sthraightway we was convey' d, wheeor dungeon was oor doom : 
Ther was iron-boddom'd bed-stocks all fixed orooud room. 

WI a noggin o' sthreea, oh ! Ah meeod up ml bed ; 
Ah'd nowt bud my britohiit tl heighten my head ; 
My dooat it was my cuverlid, lay blanket, an iny shoet ; 
Ah presarved my woeast<]ooat tl lap aboot my feet. 

Then thoz Qhanmu ducks, they com waddliu aboot : 
What yan, an ■whu.t auothor, oh ! they sooan fan nio oot. 
What yan, an what another, oh 1 they foooc'd mo oot o' bed ; 
Ah was ominost worriud alive, my boys, an hauf stahv'd tl dead, 

Theo in com Tonkfy, doers to unfuud ; 
While Ah stood a dodherin an didhoring wl caud. 
Ah gat inti my clooas an doonstairM Ah was conToy'd 
An then for brakast, for us all, skilly it was made. 

An thus Ah've pass'd my time for a twolvemouth an a day. 
An neeabody cums, brass for to pay ; 

Bud if iwor Ah gets oot ageoan, an can bud raise a frind. 
Oh I the dirvel uiuy tttk toU-shop at Uorlah toon end. 

H0LDEENES3 HTTMOUE (East Holdeh-vksb). 

The two following anocdotos taken down word for word from the 

mouth of a Uulderness labourer may bo tiiken as gunulne spccimcna of 

' Holdemesa dialect. They also illustrote the h\imour of tno native^ 

rude and uncultivated humour, perhaps, but still genuine — and also hia 

sturdy indopondence and hatred of lazineRS and gossip. 

1. Po^cytiirM (Politeness). 

, ' You wadn't think Ah was a varry poleyt chap, wad ye' F Naw, Ah 

k'kiaw you wadn't, bud I ts, — a rarry poloyt ehap ; Ah yonce gat throo- 


hanpence fo' my poleytness. You ma' laff, bud its reyt ; Ah'U tell ye' 
hoo it was. Ah was at wark upo' line (the railroad) just at this side o' 
Pathrinton — you knaw wheear them two yats gans across line ti them 
dooases ? Varry weel, Ah was stoopin doon hard at wark when up 
cums a swellish sooart of a chap iv a gig, an a woman wiv him. Sooa 
he bawls oot, **Hey there, my man, open that gate.'' Thinks Ah ti 
mysen, whau's thoo, odherin fooaks aboot loj'k that ? Varry weel, then, 
Ah just leeaks ower my shoodher (shoulder) at him withoot gerrin 
(getting) up, an Ah shoots ^shouts), ** Thoo ma' oppen it thysen. Ho 
macks ni meear (no more) ti deea, bud gets doon an oppens yats his sen, 
an leads his boss thru£P. As seean as he gets boss *o' tother side, he 
cums up ti me, and puts his bans (hands) iv his pocket an pulls oot sum 
munney, an says, ** Here, my man, here's three ha'pence for your poleyt- 
ness." Sooa Ah taks three haupence, an Ah tutches my hat, an says, 

•* Thenk ye', sor." Seea off Ah gans ti awd 'b ti dhrink his 

health wi brass.' 

2. How to get rid of gossips, 

• Fost efther Ah was wed, we lived at Olbro (Aldborough), me an 
mah weyf. We lived iv a raw (in one of a row) of booses, an Ah used 
ti be sadly plagued wi gossapin awd women. Iwry neet, as seer as 
iwer Ah com yam fra my wark, Ah fun iwer si monny awd baggishes 
gossapin i my boose. Mah we3rf didnt want em, no' me neether. Sooa, 
thinks Ah ti mysen, Ah'll cure ye', my lasses. Whah then, yah neet Ah 
come wom (home) fre' my wark, an there they war, three o' fewer on 
em, stannin gossapin i' deersteed (just in the doorway). Sooa Ah just 
walks up ti deer an then stops. ** Oh, Ah see Ah've gotten ti wrang 
boose," Ah says, an Ah pretended ti gan on ti next un. They all leeakt 
at me' a minnit, an then yan on 'em says, ** Wrang boose ! what d'ye' 
mean ? this is your boose, isn't it ? " ** My boose ! Ah says, ** then 
what are you deein (doing) in it ? I awlos thowt Ah teeak (took) this 
hoose fo' me an mah weyf, bud it seems Ah's wrang. It seems you want 
this boose. Then you sail bev it. We'll gan oot (go out) an let ye* her 
it. We'll gan oot ti mom." My woo, but didnt they loeak fond 

i foolish) noo. They bussled (bustled) oot sharp ; an see ye'. Ah niwer 
lad yan on em i my boose gossapin ageean as lang as Ah stopped at 

It will be seen thai tho spoiling of the words in the above passages is not according 
to the *' Glossic *' system, but only an approximation to it. The few following differ- 
ences between the two modes will make most of the pronunciation clear. ^A, in the 
passages given, = Glossic [aa*] ; a short (as in man) = [aa]; au and atr = [au']; 
ay or ai = [e'h*] or [ae*] ; ea^ eea, eeah •==■ [i'h*] (except that in the two last extracts 
#a= [ee-]) ; <?y = [ej']; e«>^[iw]; o short (as in «AoO = [*<>]» ot'a = [uo*h*] ; m 
short (as m shut) = [uo]. 




[The p«rt o( speech ia not nddod in Ihe co» of subsUntiTW.] 

A [sa or aa-J, v. niv. ' What n 
^ a deea-in nil thoro ? '^ What 
:e you doing there ? 
F Abaok - ' ])eyont [uhaak-u-bi- 
yaon't], !>'., a:lv. Ijuhindhnnd ; 
ID a backward coadition. 'That 
elaw begger'a awlaa abaek-v- 
beiiont in hia wark.' W. prep, 
bonind or in the roar of any ub- 
jact. 'Where's Jack?' 'He'sjust 
gooan aback-o-bfyoni there,' i. *■, 
at the back of yonder house or 
stack. E.,out ol'the way; at an 
indefinite distance. ' Ah'll send 
tha abatk-o-h^ont whoeoT craws 
eats haupeimiea.' 

Abaok-o' or Abaok-on [uboak-u 
w -ua], prep, behind. 

Abmar [uhi'h'r], v. to endure, 
to tolerate. 

Abido [ubaayd, ubaa-d], v. to 
brook; tolerate; or boar patiently. 

Aboil [uhaoyl], boiling. 

Aboon [uboo'n], prep, above. 

Aboot-whftt[nb(io-t-waut*], nearly 
all; also Iho moaning or upshot 
of. ■ Waiather bullyrattg'd ma 
abuot nowt at all ; bud he wants 
tn be shut o* ina, an' (/I'lfi about 

Abrecd[iibree-d], hreaJlh; 

side by side. 
Abnd [aM-bud]. See Aye-bnd. 
Aban [ubuoir], Soo Bun-fo't. , 

Accooadinlye [nnkuo-h'dinlan'y], 
odT. in proportion to. ' Thooa 
deean vaxry lahtle (little_), an' 
tJwii may expect to be paid ae~ 
eooadinlye,' ThiB word is hardly 
ever hooxd in the sense of conif- 


Acrewkt [ukrockt], adj. crooked, 

Acroas [ukraos], N. and R, prep, 
jiiat at ; about the time of. * Ha 
awlas (always) ciima acrott t«ft 
time, Ah finds.' 

Ad [ud], N. and W.. of; of the. 
' Its nowt adsooart,' it's nothing 
of the kind. Often simply a' or 
o'. The d is here the roprosout- 
atiTQ of the t* := the, of other 
Yorkshire districts; i. t. 'nowt 
ad Booart ' = ' nowt o' t' Booart.' 
It is no doubt of comparatively 
recent introduction, as mHoIder- 
nesa the definite article is very 
rarely used, and then only in the 
abbreviated form of t'. 

Addle [aadl], v. to earn. 'All 
haint aiidhd saut (salt) tl my 
taty this mnmin,' 

Addle-heeaded raad']-i-h'did],adj. 
of obtuse iiitolloct. 

Addliiu[aad'linz],sb. pi- ettminga. 

Admeyr [aadnieyur], W,, v. to 
observe ; to notice with astoniah- 

' An' when Ah gat there ; oh this 
Ah did adniti/r. 


Ta Me ee monny lusty lads a sit- 

timg roond tne feyr ' {fire), 

Hoidimat Song. 

'Thero is such plenty of mac- 

reuae in the markets all Ijent, that 

I admire where thoy^t bo many.' 

— Dr M. Lister of York, 1698. 

Afeeohd [ufi'h'd], N. and W., atlj. 

a&aid. See rUdi. la E. Fme- 


A^[e'h'j-],T, to shew signs of Ihe 

inhrmitiea of old age. '" ' 

AgM [iijee-], E. and N., adj. 
crooked ; awry. 

Ageean [uKi-h'n], adv. near to ; 

Ageeat [ugi-h't, ugae-t], engaged 
upon ; bo^n. ' He'e agemt on a 
thgeakin job.' ' Lets get ageeat 
on it,' t. «. make a beginning. 

Agin [ugin'J, pp. given. ' It was 
agia tl mtt.' 

Aggrayate [aag-ru-vi h't], v. to 
imtato or annoy. 

Agworrom [aag-waor"uml, a hag- 
worm, a ^cies of snake com- 

f men in HoIdemeBB. 

Ah [w], pron. I. Always pro- 
nounced so before consonants, 
but, for euphony's sake, frequent- 
ly becomes / before vowels, as / 
mot, I ought ; / im'f, I am not. 

Ahgi^e [aa-gifaay], v. to argue 
or dispute ; also to prove logic- 
ally. ' That ahgifya nowt,' that 
proves nothing. 

Ah 'ink [aa-ingkl, an abbreviation 
of I fiink. 

All'U tell thtt what [nal-tcl-dhu 
waat]. An expression denoting 
assurance of belief or dotormin- 
ation. Also s dictatorial mode 
of commencing a piece of advico, 
a remonetranco, or a prediction of 
evil consequences. ' Ah'll Ml 
thd vihiU ! mah bolooaf is that if 
thoo disn't mend thoo'll cum tf 

adv. neadlcng, topsy- 

Ah'a think [aaz- thingk], I ahonld 

Aigre [oo-g'ur], the boro or tidal 
wave of a river. It is very slight 
in the Uumbor, but in its oon- 
fluents, the Ouse and the Trent, 
it is mora perceptible; inthelatter 
river, at times, it is as much as 
seven foot high, and its roar can 
be heard for a (»nBiderable dis- 

Ailin [oh'lin], slightly india- 
poaod ; frequently unwell. ' Hoo'a 
thy wife. John P ' ' Whah, ahe'a 

ibut ailin.' 

t pasturage. Seo 

^istment [ujisfment], a right 

of herbage. 
Ahe [e-h'k, aekl v. to stroll 
about in an idle, listieas, and 
unprofitable manner; generally 
used in reference to wanderiuK 
about the streets after night- fidl. 
Also, E., to do anyUiinE unneoea- 
sarily or with more labour than 
is requisite. See Sake in Halli- 

raalukl. E. and N_, , _ 


general USD. 

Alley [aal'i], N., v. to placo iho 
marble in the hole in a game of 
marbles, and thus score a point 
against an opponet Alley, a 
bnys' marble, mode of alabaster. 

All-lang-o' [au-1-lnnng u], in con- 
sequence of. 'It was aJi-lang-o 
Bill that Ah wont.' 

All-ower[ftu-l-aowh'r],adv. com- 
pletely ; entirely. ' He's his fiiy- 
ther bayn ail-ower.' 

Althof [au-ldhaof],conj. although. 



Uoro oonunonly abbreviated to 

Among [amaanf;], prep, among, 

amongst. ^ Ai'miiy em bo it,' 

I. e. k't them settle it ajDongat 

Amattg -hands [uraang-aan!:], E. 

and N., ami^iigst them. ' Thf^y'l! 

maniBh to dee it aiming-hiia'U.' 
An [un], eonj, than. 'That's 

Aneeaf [uni'U'f ], enough. 
AnenBt [iinenst], adv., prep, next; 

near to. I'>iaer-'iiieiitl, opposite. 
Anew or Aneugh [unou-], adj. 

Anfclin [aanyklin], a hankoriiig, 

or craving after. 

, thij plural of 


An. 'Woo 

little ehildreu. 
AnMl [aan-aU], N. and W., the 

first money taken by a aalesmnn. 

Alao, V. to uao an article for the 

fitat time, aa, ' Ah sal nn$rl ml 

now bonnet o' Sunday.' Soo 

Hanttl in HaUiwell. 
Approa [aap-nm]. 1. An apron 

of female attire. 2. The din- 

phrngm of an ariimaL 3. The 

hinga-liko appendage of a crab's 

shoU. Beo Heartskirts and 

Arf, Arflsh [aa'f, an-fiBh], E., un- 
I willing; indisposed; disinclined. 

' He's nobbut varry arfie/i te 

begin.' ^ Hauflu. 
Am [aa-n], v. to earn. 
Arnilia [aa-ninz], earnings ; wages. 
Ai-a-gif [uK-n-gif], N., as if; as 

though. ' He rampod at-a-gij 

he vuamad.' 
Aik [onsk], adj. lit. harsh ; stiff ; 

I Afllew [urIdo-], adj., adv. askew, 


Aalew, N., adj. tipsy. 

A«p [aosp], E., same aa Aak. 

Abb [aas], the aehes of a fiie. 

Abb, £. and N., v. to aak. 

Ass-heead [nosi-h'd}, a blockhead. 

ABs-hooal [oos-uo'h'l], the ash-pit 
under the fire erate; also the 
recoptacto for a»hoa in the yard. 

ABsIe-teeath [aas-l-ti-h'th], E. and 

Alt [aast], E. and N., aaked. 
Aeteead [usti-h'd], N.; osteed, K, 

prop, instead. 

Bwint [ U9\ 

At [aatl, prep. from. ' Ah wecant 

tak sUeo sauco at hiin,' 

1 at sthrake (struck) 

Ath [aath],E., earth. 'He'sgen- 
nietit (moat repining) avd chap 
upo' oiA.' 

Atheril [oath-ur'il], a mass of 
coagulated matter caused bv a 
foatoring wound ; a shnpelosa 
mass ; a complete wreck or ruin. 
' Poor follow 1 ho was smashed 
aU tiv (to) a athtriV A.S. 
aUor, mnttor ; poison. 

Athof [udhaof-], N., eoiy. though ; 
as though ; although. ' It lewks 
as a(7io/ it wad Imist,' it looka 
as though it would burst. Sea 
Althof and Thof. 

AtiBsha [utisU-u], v. to sneeze. 

Atop-on [ulaop-aon], on the top 

Atween [utwoen], prep, between. 

Atwin [utwin], N., prep, between. 

Atwixt [utwik-et], prep, between. 

Auger [au-gur"], N. and W., a 
loug-l^dled, throe-pronged in- 



> stroment for spoaring eels. In 
B. PUger. 

Averish [aavur'ish], stubble. 

Awaal [uwaa'l, in £. uwaayl], 
adv. as prep, awhile. In E. and 
N. until, till. * Ah sail stop 
awaal Maatlemas.' 

Awand [uwaan*d], y. to assure ; 
to warrant. 'Ah'll awand th^ 
thou^ll see it.' 

Awane [uwe*h*n, uwaen], N., v. 
to e^ away. *Ahllau^neheeam,' 
1*11 go home. 

Awantin [uwaan'tin], adj. defi- 
cient in intellect. 

Away [uwae*], adv. A word 
used in connection with a mea- 
sure of depth or height. ' Up bi 
knees away,* up to the knees, so 
to speak, 

hm^Lj, V. to go. Same as Awane. 

Awd [au'd], adj. old. 

Awd-£a8hioned [au'd-faashud], 
adj. N. Awd-farr&nd[au'd-faar- 
undl, old-fashioned. A term ap> 
pliea to precocious children and 
those whose speech and manners 
are more compatible with the 
xnaturity of age than with the 
simplicity of children. Balph 
Thoresby speaks in his diary of 
a three-year old child whom he 
saw * smoking as awd-farrantlysLa 
a man of threescore.' 

Awd-ket [au'd-ket], carrion. 

Awd-milk [au*d-milk] , sk im-milk. 
See Blue-milk. 

Awd Nick, Awd Scrat [aud- 

nik (skraat)], the dovil. Nikarr 
was one of the surnames of Wo- 
den; but was no doubt originally 
the name of a water-goblin, 
Icel . nykr. See Nihu^Ty or Nikarr, 
and Nykvy in Cloasby and Vig- 
fusson's Icel. Diet. 

Awd-Noah [au -d-nuo *h*] , "W. , par- 
tially carbonized wood dug out 
of the * carrs * of Iloldemess. 
It is black and susceptible of 

polish. The Holdemess people 
suppose the trees to have been 
submerged at the deluge ; hence 
the name. 

Awd-steg [au'd-steg], a gander. 
Also a name applied contempt- 
uously to women. 

Awd-whengsb^ [au*d-weng*zbi], 
a hard description of cheese, so 
called perhaps from its teeth- 
breaking quality. A.S. wang, the 

Awf [au'f ], E. and N., adj. timid ; 
reluctant. See Arf and Haa^ 

Awf-rockt [au'f-rok-tladj. irnbe^ 
oile. Lit, not rocked sufficiently 
when in the cradle, and hence 
lacking sense; or more probably, 

Awmiui [auTnus], a deficient or 
pitiful portion. 'Is that all 
Dacon wo*re gannin te hev te 
bray-cast ? what a awmus,* 

Awn-sen [au*n-sen], own self; an 
emphatic form of expression. 

Axins [aak'sinz], the banns of 
marriage. *They'r boon te be 
wed at last ; they v put up awitis,' 

Ax-np [aak'suop], v. to publish 
the banns of marriage. *Toni 
and Bess was ax^d up at chetch 
o' Sunday.' 

Aye [«y], a<^lv. yes. 

Aye-bnd [ae -bud] , yes-bu t. * A ye- 
bud Ah wadn't gang if Ah was 
thoo.' This form is used when 
the speaker assents to the truth 
of what is urged on the opposite 
side; when ho dissents from it 
the form becomes * Nay -bud,* 

Ayms [ae'mz], sb. pL the arms. 

Babbies [baabiz], sb. pL babies ; 
also pictures. 

Babble [baabi], E., a bauble or 
leathern bag, with a stone inside, 
and attached to a string. 

Babble, y. Babbling is an ancient 


East H. cuatom, but now con- 
fined toOttringham, Euyingham. 
and a fow other Tillagaa, ob- 
eervedon theevoof tlienthNov., 
when yoiiths go round tlie vil- 
la^, Btriking the doora of the 
cottiiges ■with Babbles, getting, 

< when caught, a souud thrashing 
for their piUns. 

Babblin-neet [baab-liu-nee't], E., 
the night of Nov. 4. 

Babby - oaydi [baab-i - ke h'dx] , 
picture or court carda. 

Baokad [baak-ud], adj., adv. bnck- 
Wftrd, applied generally to vege- 
tation. ' Oor tatiea is very back- 
ad this year.' 

Bftckband [bank-baan'd], a. Btraji 
or chLun which passes over the 
back of a horse for eupporting 
the Bhafts of a call. 

Back-end [baak-eml], the au- 
tumn, or back-end of the year. 
TlBfid aleo in other instances to 
indicate the latter end of any- 
thing, as, ' baek-etid a' week.' 

Baoken'd, pp. thrown back ; re- 
tarded, as vegetation by frost. 

Baoker-end [boak'ur-end], N.,tbe 

further end of any apartment 
used at) a dcwjsitory for artieluH 
not in general use in a household. 

Baok-hod [bnak-aod], a support 
for thebackinachair, &c. 'Ah's 
tired oot o' sittin here wi'oot a 
bit o' back-hud.' 

Baok-o'-beyont See Aback-o- 

Baok-seet [baak-acR-t], a siylit of 
tho buck only. ' Ah just gal a 
iiiek-scrt on himashewent alang.' 

Bad-like [baad-leyk], of forbid- 
ding aspect. 

~ Uy [baiwMi], adv. unwell. 
Nobbut hadly,' slightly indis- 
posed. ' Varry badly,' very ill. 
* The Dean ot York, having 

L Hmghtcold.isvoryiii'%.'— Italph 

I tChoroaby's diary. 

Badman-oatmeal rba«tl'uian-au't- 
inee'l], E. and N. ; [whotnioenl, 
fwaotmil)], W., the Bowers of the 

BadnesB [baad'nea], depravity; 
vice ; impioty. 

Bad-pleeace [baail-pli'h'a], bell; 
a term u^-d by children. 

Bad-tl-beeat [baad-ti-li-h't], dif- 
ficult to surpass. 

Bag [bang], to carry. See Pagf. 

SAg, the udder. 

Bag-doon [baag-doo-n], v. to 
droop like Uie festoon of a cur- 

Baggisk [baaglah], a worthless 

Bag-oot [baag-oot], v. to bulge 

or swell out ; to expand, like a 

Bag-o'-thricks [baag-o-lhrika], a 

btter of any kind. ■ Noo then, 

tnk away aU yer bag-O'thrickt 

and give us sum room.' 
Bak -feeao'd [baa-fih'st, bae- 

fi-h'st], B,, adj., adv. bare-facod; 

Bahfln [baa-fin], N., a horse's col- 

Bahgans [baagnz], a: 

of value or use, ' He's dccad 
and gone ; let hini gang, thcrwas 
(leea great hihgnut on him,' i. e, 
lie was of little or no use in the 
world, so he is as well out of it. 

Bak-ghaist [l>fln--ge-b'at] ; N. Bar- 

geat [baa--ge-st],W.,ahobgobliii 
that pritdicta death in a family by 
howbiig round the house during 
the night, 

fiaha-deer savidge [baan-di-h' 
Hauvij], ft bam-dnor savago. A 
townsman's opprobrious appella- 
tiou of a farm-SttbourBr. 

Baint [be-h'nt], W., are not. 


'Biunt ytt onmmin?' Are yoii 
not coming F Thia form, ubihI 
only iaterrorotively, is the o&ly 
instiuice of t£e employment of h-- 
for are in Holdemess, and is con- 
fined to the west; a form ver}- 
common in Qio south of Eng- 

B«Lk-end [bauk-end], E and W., 
the gable-eud of a house. 

Baud [baand], string, twino. 

Band, a rope of twisted corn- 
stalks for binding sheavee ; also 
of twisted hay. 

Band, K, v. p. t. of to bind. 

Band -makkin [baand-maakiti] , 
the operation of twisting sheaf- 
baads. ' Johnny has not been 
to school this week; how is that?' 
'Fleeaae, sor, he's geean band- 

Ban« [bae-u], E. and H., a mikl 
expletire. 'Banel Ah'U gau. 
wl^tirrer cums on't.' 

Bang [baang], v. to boat ; to 
throw with violence ; to slam d 
door; to surpass; excel or con- 
quor in a amt^st. ' That batJijs 
cockfi'tin,' an expreaaian of as- 
tonishment at some extraordinary 

Bang-at [baane-aat], E. and K.. 
to set to work with vigour and 

Bangin [baang-in], great in size ; 
frequently used in duplicate ae a 
apeciea of superlative ; as, ' A 
great, bangin apple.' 

Bang-np [baang-uop], adv. in 
cloeo proximity; in violent col- 
lision. ' Ah dhruT nail in, batiy- 
up tiv heoad.' ' Hoss bolted <M 
and ran bang-up ageeon walL' 

Bang-Qp, adj. prompt ; punctual ; 
straight-forward. ' He's a bamj' 
up chap ; ho awlaa meeauB what 
ho says.' 

, shapelen 

Banker ^aang'knr], a drain and 

ditch-digger ; a navvy. 
Bannock fbaan'ak], N., v. to 

lounge idly about in the sun, or 

lie extended lazily before the &re. 

See Brooange. 

Bannock, K, a ] 

Banty-oock [baan'ti-kaok^, a ban- 
tam-cock ; a little stnittuig, con- 
ceited person. 

Bare-goUock [bae-gaolik], W. ; 
Bare-gollin, N. ; Bar«-goUy, 
E., a newly-hatched, feat^LerUfla 

Barf [baa'f], a rising ground; a 
frequent affix to the names ol 
villagos and farmsteads, aa Brans- 
botton- [ Brandesburton) -Bar/, 

Barfan [baafun], W. ; Barfiun 
[baa-fum], E. ; Bahfln [baa-fin], 
N., a horse-collar. 

Bark [baa'k], v. to cough hoarsely. 

Bark-on [baa-k-aon], v. to adhere 
by incrustation. 

Baniaole [baa-nuk'l], TS., an in- 
corrigible person. 

Baaht [baasht], pp. ashamed; 
confounded ; j)ut to the bluah. 
* He was talkmg varry bie, but 
Ah batht him when Ah telld him 
what ah knew aboot him.' 

Ban [baaa], a straw or rush doois 
mat or hassock. 

Baste [beh'at], v. to flog; to 

Baathad-tatieB [baas-thud-tae-tizi, 
bastard potatoes, i. e. those whiuh. 
have been left in the ground and 
grow the fbllowing spring, with- 
out producing any fruit worth 
diggmg up. 

Bat [baat], a rap ; a blow. 

Bate [be-bt], p. t. of to lUe. 

Bate, V. to make an abatement in 
the price of an article. 

Bata [baate], a beating. 'Thoo'U 
get thy batt, my lad, for deain 



r rbaafl-drli'r], a fl^it 
wnoiion implomcnt, used in tLo 
Iniindry for propeUing a roUor of 
liiion, in place of mangling, 

Battletwig [haat-1-twig], E., an 
(4irwig. See Forkin-robin. 

Bank [bairfc], n transverse lomn, 
under the ceiling of the kitchen, 
forfiupjHjrtingtiiujoiats, and xmtsd 
ill the interspaces as a shelf for 
cakes, tohacto-pipes, &c. 

Bank, n strip of land left un- 
ciiltivoti.'d to define the houndarios 
of diifuront oocupiera, and, form- 
erly, of parishes. 

Bank, ti gross headland in a 
ploughed field. 

Bank, a prass-grown lane or road. 

Bank, E., v. to leave work unper- 
formed ; to shirk a job of work, or 
to do it in a, slipshod fashion. 

Bankin, E., leaving undone. 'Ah 
didn't think Tom had se mich 
baiilcin m him as that.' 

Banm [Iwu-m], N., v. to bask id 
the sunshine or before the fire. 
See Shaum. 

Bawdy fbaTi-dil, filthy, unclean 
talk. Eoger Aschain (born near 
Northallerton 1 refbre to ' La 
Morte Arthur in this sense whore 
he eaya, ' it standeth in two 

Xicial poyntes — in opon inan- 
ughter and in bold bamdry.' 
Bawdy-hooae [liaudi-ooa], a 

Bawf [bau-f], N. and E., adj. 
robust ; healthy-looking. ' My 
eye I disn't ho begin ti loeak 
Uiwft ' Cleveland, biiurh. 
Bawmy pwiu-mi], N. and E., a aim- 
IiU'tiiii. ' Thoo greeat havmty t 
thi.xi mud h& knawn that.' 
Bawn-dayt [bauTi-daee], bom- 
— I days, or life. 'Ah niwet seed 
rt like it I all my hawn-iiiiyt.' 

Bawn-feeal [bmrn-fi'h'l], a bom- 
fool, or a tool from birth. 

Bawther [bautbur], E., v. to 
walk unsteadily and Btumbling- 
ly ; to do anything in a bungling 

Bawtherin [bau-thur'-in], E. adj. 
bungling; unstable, 'Noo mind 
boo thoo gans alang, thoo groeat 
baiEtherin thing.' 

Baynish [bae'ni^li], adj. childish ; 
silly. ' Sho'a 18 cum Mahtlemas, 
bud she's Tarry bai/Tiiih yit.' 

Bayna [be 'h'nz, bae^nz] , sb. pi. chil- 
dren. Like the Seottiah Baim, 
from the A.S. beam. It ia 
used in reference to a person's 
own children specially, with a 
gentle, afiectionate inbinatian of 
Uio voice, which is not heard 
when referring to the children of 
other people, who are frequently 
denominate Brati, 

Beadin [bi-h'din], E., a dead 
hedge, or a bedgo made of dead 
thorns. See Beardingr. 

Beal [boo'll, E., v. to cry or shout 
aloud. See Beeal. 

Beald [bco'ld], N. and W., a 
sheltered place for cattle in a 
field, afforded by trwB or a hill- 
side. ' And hmlfd himself with 
a tree," i, e. sheltered himself. 
The Felon Sewe of Eokoby, a 
Yorkshire song, tvmp,, Hon. 7. 

Beal-flre n>ce'l-feyur'l, W. 
bonfire, lighted on ludsum 
eve. 'This ancient custom may 
be a relic of the worship raf 
Baal, the eun-god, which has 
come down from our Celtic 
ancestors, whose god — Btai — is 
supposed to have been identical 
with the Baal of the Phenidans, 
&c., a theory which is strength- 
ened by the circumstance of the 
colebrution taking place when 
the sun is nearest to the zenith ; 
but Mr Skoat, a high anthority, 
considers that it hae uotfalng to do 



with the worship of the sun, and 
that the word beal is derived from 
the A.S. bcelf a flame or blaze. 

Bealin [bee'lin], a noisy uproar. 
* Keep still, will yS. Ah weeant 
hS sike a healin as that Y my 

Beal-side, N. and W., the shel- 
tered side of a stack, hedge, &c. 

Beast [bee*stl (Beeas [bi-h^sl), 

W., sing, and pi. cattle. Wyclif 
(a Torkshireman^ makes use of 
a variation of tne word, in a 
similar sense. * It is sowen a 
beestli body.' — 1 Cor. xv. 

Book [bek], £. and W., a water- 
course ; a brook ; a canal, as 

Be-dang'd ! [bi-daang-d], int. an 
expletive of determination or 
dimnay. ^ Be^dang^d ! if Ah 
deeant gan ! ' * Bedang'd ! that's 
waast news of all.' 

Bed-happin [bed-aap'in], bed- 

Bedstook [bed-staok], the frame 
or platform of a bedstead. 

Beeaf [bi-h'f], N. and W., the 
bough of a tree. See Beugh. 

Beeal [bihl], N. and W., v. to 
cry noisily ; to shout; to bellow. 
See Beal. 

Beeany [bi-h'ni], adj. large- 
limb^ ; lusty ; robust. 

Beearen [bi-h*m], p. p. of to 


Bee-skep [becskep], a straw bee- 

Beetle [bee-tl], a mallet. 

Behave [bi-o-h'v], v. imp. Cease 
your impertinence or annoyance; 
conduct yourself properly. * Be- 
have tht sen ! if tna hits mo 
ageean, Ah' 11 knock tha doon w! 

Be -hodden [bi-aod'n], pp. be- 
holden, or indebted. 

Be-langins [bi-lang*inz], sb. pi. 
household, and other personal pro- 

perty ; also family connexions. 

Beldher [bel-dhur'], v. to cry with 
a bellowing noise. 

Beldherin [bel-dhur'in], a scream- 
ing cry. 

Beldherin, adj. given to crying, 
with a blubbering accompani- 
ment. ' Ah niwer heeard sike a 
beldherin bayn i' all mi booaa 

Belk [belk], v. to belch. 

Belkin-fall [belkin-fuol], full to 
repletion ; surfeited with food. 

Bellas'd [bel-ust], pp. overcome 
with exertion ; out of breath, as 
in climbing a hill. 

Bell-tinker [belting-kur'], N, and 
E., chastisement. ' Ahll gie thft 
hell-tinker if thoo disn't mind 
what thoo's aboot.' 

Belly-band [bel*i-baand], the strap 
of girthing which passes under 
the belly of the horse, and is 
attached to the shafts of the cart. 

Belly-waak [bel-i - waa-k], 

Belt [belt], v. to flog. 
Belt, p. t. of to build, 

Bemeean fbimi-h'n], to disgrace 
oneself by dishonourable, un- 
dignified, or grovelling conduct, 
or by associating with disreput- 
able characters. 

Be-shaap [bi-shaa*p], v. imp. be 
quick ; make haste. 

Besom [beezum], a birch-broom. 

Besom-Bet, the name of the per- 
souator of a female in the * Fond 
Pleoaf' procession, on Plough 

Besom-heead [bee*zum-i*h'd], K 
and N., one with no more brains 
in his head than there are in that 
of a besom, 

Best-payt, the greater portion. 

Bettha-like [beth-u-leyk], adj. 
of better aspect; more pro- 



superior ; but not the best. 
Betthama sooat o' fooake, i^r 

sniia of a superior, but uot aristo- 

crutic, class. 
Betthament [^beth-unipnt], ar 

improTomeut in honlth, position, 

or ojnolumynt. 

Bettber tba'tliur'], adj. better; 
recovorral from sickness. ' Ah 
Tvas vairy hoUly, bud ih'e quite 
bttthrr (weU) noo.' 

Betther-on't [be-thur'-ont], v. to 
regnjn health. ' We thowt. 
yance, she wouldn't get ower it, 
and we'd gin her up, hud shell 
6etllier-ont noo.' 

Betwixen [bitvrik-sn], aJv. be- 
tween. ' Yun on ein raust ha 
brokken it; itt betu'iitn em,' 
one of them must have broken 
it : it is bfltireen tLem. 

Bengh [bpir], the bough of a 
tree. • The bughea ' {of a tree) 
' are Uio nrmos with the haiides.' 
—Ed. Rolle de Hampole, Ft. of 
Conic., p. 680. 

Beyont [biyaont], behitii^. 
Bezzle [b^z-l], v. to drink im- 

cup, i,i/ra. 

Bezzle -cup -women [btzl kmip- 

wuomun], W., Bometimes, and 
always in E. and N. veielr-aip 

CliriHtmsstide, with figures in a 
box, representing the yirgin asd 
child, and usgiug carols. 
Bl [bi], prop. by. See Biv. 
Bid [bid], N. and E., v. to invite 
to a funeral, two women being 

nt round to prosent the in- 

tations. ' Why aye I Ah sup- 


Bide [baaydl, v. to stay ; to 
remain. ' Aide a-bit," stop a 

, the 

Bile [liaayl], a boil. 
BiUy-bither [bU-i-beythHi 

Billy-boy, a small rivcr-aloop. 

Bind [bimll, v. to tie tlie band« 
(see Band) round sheaves of uum 
iu the harvest-field. ' Jack's 
gettou a bit o' ('In din, at 
aiuysther II arri son's.' 

BTndad [bin-did], p. t. of to bind. 

Btnden [bin*dn], p, p. of to Innd. 

Bink [bingk], a bench. 

BinkB [biugks], £., sb. pL a col- 
lection of rocky ledges (barely 
Riibmergcd) at the month of the 
number, generally called 'Stonry 

Bioot [bi-oo-t], conj. imlesa. 'Ho 
Aveeant gau, oi'-oot AL diz an-all.' 
He wont go unloaa I do also. 
See Bithoot. A.S. U-ilan. 

Biscnit [biakit], E.,n small round 
loaf, lukked in a shallow cylin- 
drical tin. Quite different from 
an ordinary biscuit. 

Bishop [bislmp], v. to bum in 
cooking, by a<lherenca to the 
bottom of the pan. 

Bislins [bislinz], the fitst milk 
of a cow after «i!ving. generally 
m.ido into puddings, cafled ' Bi*- 

Bit [bit], a portion ; a short 
space of time. ' Wait a Ml,' 
remain a little while. * Hoo fur 
is it tr Pathrinton r 'Oh! a good 
bit : mebby (perhaps) three mile 

Biten [VKjvtu], p. p, of to Me. 



Bifher- sweet [biih-u-swce-t], a 
tall weed, with a cream-coloured 
flower found in marshy places; 
not the bitter-sweet of Botany ; 
also, a kind of apple. 

Bithoot [bidhoo't], conj. without ; 

Bitsin [bit-sin*], a short time ago. 

Bit8^*-betther [bits^beth-ur'], 
E., church-going and holiday- 

Biv [bivl, prep. by. So used, 
only before a vowel ; abbreviated 
to iii, before a consonant. 

Black-berrieB [blaak-ber'-iz], sb. 
pi. black-currants. The bramble 
Derry is never so termed, as is 
usual in the south. 

Black-blaok-beearaway [blaak- 

blaak-bi-h'r uwae], N. and B., 
the common bat (cheiroptera) : 
* Black, black oeearaway. 
Cum doon b! hereaway.' 

Holderness rhyme. 

Black - cap -puddin [blaak-kaap- 
pud'in], a species of Datter-pud- 
din^, with currants which in 
boiling fall together at the 
bottom. When placed on the 
table, that jwrtion with currants 
is uppermost, whence the name. 

Black-clocks (commonly Clocks, 
simply) [blaak-tlaoks^, sb. pi. 
kitcnen beetles, a species of the 
genus scarabseus. See Hain- 

Blackey [blaak-i], a blackbird. 

Blake [blaak], K, adj. of a light 
yellow colour. 

Blame-it! [blae*m-it], int. an ex- 
pletive of consternation or an- 

Blare-oot [blacToo't], v. to make 
a loud outcry. 

Blash [blaash], nonsensical, frivo- 
lous talk. ' Deeant talk sike 

Blash, V. to spill a liquid. ' Noo 
then, tak care, or else thoo'l hUuh 

that watth-er (water) all ower 

Blashkite [blaash-keyt], a noisy, 
nonsensical talker. 

Blashy [blaash i], a^'. indecent; 
frivolous ; silly ; also, weak ; poor; 
insipid. ' We've had tweea sooats 
of blash te neet — ^fost blaahy te^ 
an then blashy talk.' 

Blather [bkathur'], liquid dirt 
or mud. 

Blather, v. to besmear with mud, 

Blather, v. to talk nonsense; to 
spread a report. 

B 1 a t h e r y [blaath-ur'i, E. ; 
blaadh'un', W. and W.], adi. 
muddy. * AhV getten hiatherd 
up tY my een; Ah niwer seed 
rooads sY blaihery i all my bawn 

Blaw-his-bags-oot rblaaiz-bagz- 
oo't], to filler distend the stomach 
with food. 

Blaw-oot [blau'-oo't], a plentiful 

Blawther [blau-thurl, E., v. to 
bungle or blunder ; also to stum- 

Blawtherin [blau-thur'in],E.,adj. 
clumsy; awkward; blundering. 

Bleb [bleb], a water-bubble or 
air-blister in viscid matter. Bojrs 
chew india-rubber until it comes 
into a pasty condition, and amuse 
themselves with m&kingbMa and 
breaking them, when the air 
escapes with a cracking sound. 

Bleck [blck], coagulated cart or 
machme-grease or oil. 

Bleck, V. to besmear with bleck; 
to become coagidated, as grease 
in a machine. 

Blendins [blend inz], N., sb. pi. 
mixed jmiin; usually peas and 
beans, ror cattle food. 

Bless us ! [bles'uz], int. an ejacu- 
lation uttered after sneezing, a 



(nistom whiDh prevailed in an- 
cient Grooc«. Also an iateijoc- 
tdon gf astoninliment. 

Blether [bledhur'], a blaillcr. 

Blether, v. to sorGam, or cry out 

Blflthflrin, or Blether-headed- 

feeitl [bledliTir'iii, bUiilh-ur'i'h- 
'did-fin'n, a noisy, bniiiilesB, 
fool, vith a head empty as a 

BUnden [blin-iln], p. p. of to Uiml. 

Bllndheri [blin-tlhui], bK p], tlio 
blinkers of a borao'a bridle. 

Bluh-blash [blish-blansL], irni- 
tional talk ; same as Blaah. 

Blob, T. to ]>Iunge, oi foU sud- 
denly into watflr. 

Blo-bleh [hlmrblub],abul)ble,hut 
more eHpeually a eoap' bubble, 
which ia produced by blowing 
Boapy wator through a tobauco- 

Bloit [blaoy-t], N., a failure, or 

Bloody-ThoBdah [blnml-i-thnnz-- 
du], E. and N.. the dav after Ash 
WednoBilay. ChildreniaE.nold- 
orue«e enumerate the days of the 
week thus : ' Ege and collon 
Uondoy; Pancake Tuesday ; Aah 
■Wednesday ; Bloody-ThiTtdny; 
Loiig Friday '11 nivyer bo deoun, 
" h for Sotthaday efther- 

1 Heigh i 

Blotch [l.Iiioch], a blot; v. to blot. 
Blotchln-peeaper [blaocU'ln-pi'- 

h'pur], blotting-paper, 
filne-coo [bloo-koo], R, a pump. 
Bine-milk [bloo'-milk (bliw-milk 

in N.)],E., skim-milk. Sue Old- 

Unr [blaor'], N., a blunder; a 

spoilt piece of work. 
klnthw [bluodii'ur'J, M and U"., 

T. to blubber or cry with a alob- 

Blutberis rbluodlrur'iiil, E. and 
N., a blubbering cry. 'Nootbon, 
lofs he' (have) ue roair a' that 
bhihbcrin an bealin.' 

Bobbery [bnob'ur'i], a riot or 
iioisy disturbance. 

Bobi-O-dial [Ijaobz'udaayul], E.j 
BobB-a-dilo [daaylau'], N., 
boisterous merriment. 

Bod [baod], a bird. 

Bodden [baodun]; Bothen 

[baodb'unjj a burthen. 
Boddom [l>noi!-umj, v. to invosti- 

gate; to make a thorough ecarub, 

I. r. to the very bottom of the 

Boddoms, low-lying lande, subject 

to inundation. 

Boggle [baogO], a hobgoblin. 

Boggle, V. to Btop suddenly, or 
sturt aside with fiiftht ; a]iplied 
gonerally to the fhjing of horses, 
' My hoiso boygled ut every wttff- 
gou we mot' — Ealph Thorceby a 
{of Leeds) Diary, 1698. 

fioggle-bo [baogl-bau-], N, and 
W., an imaginary hobgoblin con- 
jured up to frighten ohildran. 

Boilen [baoyln], p. p. of to boil. 

Boiley [^baoylij, children's food, 
consisting or boiled milk, or 
milk and oatmeal with bread 
broken in it. 

Boll Ibaol], V. to ponr out. ' Tak 
hod o' can an boll yal oot ; ' lit. 
to bowl out, A hvlier in Old 
English means a hard driiikor. 

BoUinton [baolintuD] ; Bolitod 
[liaol-itun], Burlingtin. ' To 
givo Bollivton,' E. ; to inflict a 

Bolsh pjaolsb], K.. the fioimd 
caused by a hoavy ML 



Bolsh, N., V. to throw down 
with violence. 

Bolten [baowltn], p. p. of to holt, 

Bolt-on-endf upright. 

Bone-idle [buo-h'n-aaydl],E. and 
N., adj. thoroughly lazy. There 
appears to be some doubt as to 
the origin of this word hone, 
whether it means idle even to the 
hoiiesy or horn idle ; in the E. it 
would appear to refer to the 
former, as they have a saying, 
* He's idle tiv his varry back- 
heean ; ' whilst in the N. it is fre- 
quently used in the latter sense, i.e. 
constitutionally idle from birth ; 
in the same way as it is said that 
Capt Cook was a bom sailor, or 
Bums a bom poet. 

Bon-it [baon'it], int. a mild im- 

Bonlet [baon-lit], N., an impre- 
cation. * Bonlet o' yi, yi racgils, 
Ah'll gt yat* if yS deeant mak less 
noise. The origin of this term, 
perhaps, may be foimd in the 
times of heretic burning in 
Smithfield, and may then have 
been a curse. ' May burning 
alight on you.' 

Bonnin-awd-witcli [baon'in-au*d- 
wich], E. and N., an ancient 
custom still observed in many 
villages, particularly roimd Bur- 
lington, on the last (my of harvest. 
A nre of stubble is made in the 
field, in which poos are parched 
and eaten with a plentiful allow- 
ance of ale ; the lads and lasses 
dancing and romping round the 
fire, and deriving great fun from 
the blackening of each other's 
faces with the burnt peas. 

Bonny [baoni], pretty ; trim ; 
nice ; comely. Frequently used 
ironically, as, 'He's gettin his- 
sen intiv a bonny mess.' Also, 
to indicate a fair state of health, 
as, * Hoo's thy wife ? ' * Oh, she's 

Bonny-go, a sad afifair; a disas- 
trous event. 

Bonny-penny, a good sum of. 

Booadin-Bkeeal [buo-h'din- 
ski'h'l], a boarding-schooL Said 
a Holdemess Farmer, ' Ah want 
a wife; but Ah deeant want 
neean o' y'r booadin-akeeal lassee 
at plays pianners an sike-like ; 
Ah want yan at can milk kine, 
fother-up bosses, and muck oot 
pig-sties: Ah want a useful 

Booak [buo'h'k], v. to retch, or 
make a straining effort to vomit. 

Book, or Bonk [boo'k], bulk; 
size. * Hoo big was it ? ' ' About 
houk of a black-bod.' 

Bool [boo'l], v. to bowl, or roll 
along, as m the game of bowls ; 
also to trundle, as a boy's hoop. 

Booler [boo'lur*], a boy's hoop. 

Boon [boo'n], ready to go. Icel. 
huinn, prepared to go. *Ah'8 
boon to Aubruff,' I am goinff 
to Aldborough. The nautic^ 
term, * hound (for London,' &c.), 
has ^e same derivation. 

Booncin [boomsin], adj. lusty; 
robust. *She*8 growin to be a 
rare booncin lass. 

Boonzy [boo*nzi], N., int. an 
exclamation of surprise. * Boomy! 
what's up, noo ? ' 

B5th [baothl, a berth, or situ- 
ation. * Bill's gotten a new hdth 
as pig-tenther at farmer Dob- 
son s. 

Both-day-keeak [baoth-dae- 

kae'k], !b., lit, birthday- cake. 
A cake peculiar to E. Holdemess, 
made of 10 or 12 alternate layers 
of paste and currants, with sugar. 
No birthday passes without one, 
but they are made at other times 
as welL 

Botherment [baodh-ument], 
trouble ; annoyance. 



Bothersum [Lauilii-iisum], ml.j. 
ombiirrasitiug; bowildwiug; trou- 

Bothery three. W. ; Bnthery 

tlirea, N. [baotli-iir'i-throu-], tlio 


Bothery, <ir Bothery-gna, a imii- 

gitn, niaile v( olilur-wood, t'miit 

wLiph Uio pith hm Iteaa cx- 

I tnuited, throuKli whiuli pnpor 

[ pellet* »re propollml by meims 

' of n wooden or iron raia-roil 

Battle (of h«yor stww) Cbaotl], 

a. truss of hay or straw IfoniliM 

likoaaheaf of com. 

Boa&oe [boons], v. to exaggerate-, 

• Ah nin heleenir nioenst o' whnt 

tbun MyEi, but Ah neer thoo's 

Boot [boot], n fit iti illnexs; r 
Bpell of work. ' Ah was tiM>aii 
haclly Inat TluistUhweek an Ah' ve 
hud n bud hout oii'l.' Also, in 
i the iti>l(l and 

vloiighing, I 

Bowdekite [l)uowdikeyt], » tprni 
niiplied to B, Haiicy, miKchievous 
ctiild ; also, mmetimes to a pcr- 
non of diminutiTe ataturc, 

BowteiL [bftowtn], p. p. of to hnj. 

Box pMO)-], N., V. to liniise; 
penemlly iisod in tefarenee to 

Brack [braak], adj. 'brackish; 
impregnated with salt, 

Brade-ai-lang [bmed-uz-laanR], 
an alturnfttive without n diBer- 
ence ; eqiml both ways. 

Braids o' [bmedz-u], has the 

^ aspect oti roBembh'H. The □' 
beisonies n/, before a vowel, and 
«n at the and of a sontenoe. 
■Thoo braiiU o' tbv fuythor.' 
•She frmWa of oor 'Sal.' 'Ah 
can't tell whiHiah (whom) he 

Brak [brank], p. 1. of to hrt^nl.: 
LXrammle [braanrui], E. mi.t W., 

the hninible-berry. Never caileil 
black-berry, s,a in the south, 
Brammles [iiraamlz], N., n Lram- 
bl-)-horry. I'inral, JSrammhin. 

Brandtaerd [braan-Jk'uil], K., tic 
lavRci nooilon ring on which the 
btirk-wurk of e. well is built. 

Brandy- snaps [btaan'di-auaaps], 
gingerbread made in small, 
round oake:j. 

Brant {ijmant], N. ami W„ 
stonp ; upright ; high, as ap- 
|)liad to nillB, rocks, &v. ; and 
m tbn following way : ' His 
broo's rorry ImtuC Aleo, in Vf., 
vain, conceited, sdf-auffieient, 
' tie walks as brant aa a pisnure.' 

Braih [liraiiali], small dead twigs 
or thorcB of which hedges are 
made. Alao. in Ji., anytlung in- 
ferior iu quality. 

Braiky fbmaalvi], adj. wortbK'ss ; 
rubbisllly; paltry. 

Brau [braas], money. ' He^ 
tha getten onny brau V thy 
cleeaa ? ' Have j-oti any money 
ill your pocket ? 

Braas* feeaee [braas - fi'h's], a 
brazen-faced, shameless perwD. 

Bratsook [braaBuk], N. and >V., 
tlie wild iniintard-plant (char- 
lock), a yellow flower which 
grows amnngft eom. Lat. bmi- 
n'fii. ?ee Ketlocks and Buncli. 

Brasaoekin ^branaukin], \. and 
W.. weeding out hrnuork*. 
' Wheea's thB boon this mawnin, 
Be seoan, Jtolly ? ' ' Ah's gyin a 
ti-aiMicl'iii i' Majutber Qraven'a 

BrasB-ap [liraaa-uop-], N. andW,, 
T. to pay what is owing. 

Brast [brflnst], v., p. t. of hnmt. 
The Early English form, used by 
both Chaucer and 8peneer. 

Brata fbroat-s], sb. pi. children. 
■ Oh Israel ! oh household of the 



Oh Abraham's braU ! Oh brood 
of blosflcd breed.' 
Oeo. (fatcuigite (of Torkahiro 

Formerly hrati had not the con- 
i^mptuous sipfnificatiuD as now ; 
thus, in' The Yorkshire Tragedy,' 
where Culveley of Calveriey mur- 
dered two of his children, it is 
stated that the third, ■ the brat 
at nurse,' escaped. 
Brani^ [biau-nzh], v. to loll at 
ease, or stretch out the legs in 
an indolent way when sitting. 

Bray [brae*], to flog, or chastise. 
Derived, probably, from brayiiuj 
in a mortar. 

Bnuzent [braez-nt], oilj. shame- 
loss; impudent; rudo ; imperti- 

Breead-bUonit [bri'h'd-biskitl, 
£., eamo as Biscuit. 

Breed [bree-d], breadth. '"Wliat 
was size on't P ' ' Aboot hreed o' 
my hand.' 

Breedher [bieo-dhur'], a boil. 

Breedin [breedinl, adj. a term ap- 
plied to a child-boaring woman. 

Brewrther[brH03-thur'], a brewer. 
Almost obsolote in common par- 
lance, but still used legally, iii 
' Brrwilfr Sfsaloiit,' for granting 
licences for the sale of liquofs. 

Brickie [brikl], E., adj. brittle. 

Bridge [brij], E., v. to cheapen ; 
to offer a reduced price for an 

Brijf [brig], abridge. 

Brigs [brigz], N. and W., a frame 
for holding a milk-strainer. 

Brim [brim], v. to put a sow to a 
boar- pig. 

Broach [bruoli'cli], N., a churcli- 

tower, or spire. 
Brock [braok], a small green 
insect (c/cnifn tpumaria) which 

attaches itoclf to the leaves of 
shrubs, and exudes a white 
froth -hke niuisture. 'Ahsweata 
like a brock.' 

Brod [braod], a. weeding-hoe, 

Brod, V. to prick, or stab. 

firoddle [braod'lj, to probe with 
a sharp-pointed instrument. See 

Brokken [bmokn], bankrupt. 

Brooange [bruoh'nzb], N., same 
Bannock and Branny. 

Broon-porringer [broon-pnor'in- 
zhurj, a largo brown earthen- 
ware jar, or digester. ' What a 
big heead he hez : it's as fur 
roond as a broon-porringer.' 

Broth [braoth], eb. p]. a thin 
soup. inTariaoly used in a plural 
form, as, ' a few broth; ' ' Theeas 
broth is Tarry good.' 

firowt [Itraowt], pp. brought, 

' Had never men so uiikyll thowt. 
Sens that oure Lord to deth was 

York MyiUry Flay, 1415, 
Browten [bmowtn], p. p. of to 

Bruff [bruof], X., a glimi>sp, or 
glance, ' Ah didn't-see mieh on 
him, Ah nobbot just gat a bruff.' 
Brnllions [bruol-yunz], E., sb. pi. 
the kidneys and heart-skirts, of 
which bridlion pies are made. 
Brush [bruosh], hedge-clippings, 
Bmisea [bruos-n], p. p. of to 
biirfil, A ploughman rising from 
a plentiful meal will say, ' All's 
ominost bruaten.' 
Bmssen-gata [bruos-nn-guots], a 
glutton ; a voracious trencher- 
man. In N., also, the term ia 
applied to a corpulent person, 
Bmssle [bmos-l], a bristle, 
Bmssled-peas [bmosld-pi-h'z], 
'a pan. See 

id -peas [bi 
peas fried ii 




^H Bro 

^^m the 

Tbruo-sl], V. to biirat. 
Into tuose wuod.s, sho iirtis/.' 

Otorge Gatciiii/iir. 
Bnutwiok [tiruost'wikl, Bui^tr 
. wick, a TillaKQ in IlmdeniosH, 
whera formerly stood the caatle 
of the lonid of the seigiiioty. 
In the Saxon era it was called 
Brotttexttie, and in Iho grant of 
the seiKQkory to William de In 
Polo— BriM( Ml/ft, 

■d [beu-hM], E. and W., n 
BaoUe-ta9ah [buok-1-ti-li'], v, to 

oommonte in eurnoHt. llerivod, 
prDbalily, from tlio Ijuclclin" on 
of armour, or of a horae's har- 

lack-np [biiok-uop'], E. nml N., 

T. to amartoD, or druas in a better 

style than usuaL 
Bnck^up-tOt V. to mnke advances 

of courtalup. 
Sud fbuod], cooj. but. 
Bftd'if [buoj-if], conj, ualcss. 

'All wosan't gOM,bad-i/\i.e gaiis 

Baffle-luead(buoa-i'h'd],y,; in 

E. Bafflt-hfjd, a. stiipid fellow. 
Bug [buog], adj. concuited ; vain; 

etnted. ' As hni/ aa a lud vriv a 

leather Inito.' N. ' Aa b«g as n 

dog wi' two tails,' and ' As Ui^ 

aa a ckeGse,' E. nad W. 
iXoge [buoj], E., T. to bulge out ; 

to bobome diabeadod. 

llftee [huol-ns], tho wild plum. 
As broflt (bright) as a biiUoco,' 
Hotdemeao simile. 

Boll-heead [buol-eed], a tadpole. 

Bnll-llwad, a stupid person ; a. 
lilunderer, ' Noo then, biili- 
htend; disn't thasoebelly-baad's 
gettin Tindhor Uoss" feet Y ' 

Bull-lttgy'd [buol-lucig-J], E. and 
N., adj. usuaually etiuiig and 

Bulls-an-oooi [buolz-un-koo-zl, N., 
the ruckoo-pint, a plant ol the 

Bullyrag [buoli-raag], v. to 
scold with Tehemouce and with 
foul, abusive language. 

Buminle [buoral], E. and N., v- 
t^i hiiftlu about and do anything 
noisily but not effootiyely. 

Bummle-kite [buom-1-keyt], a 
porHiiii with a protuberant 

Bnmp [buomp], N"., the eiscarp- 
mtiaX. ur ubrupt termination of a 
ridge of high laud. 

Bnm-ap [bnom-uop], E. and N., 
adv. oimplctoly; tmtirely, 'Ho 
nobbot ^a mk a pint o' yal, an' 
All finished it t'lim-up at yah 
sup ' (at one draught). 

BTin.[buonl, pp. to be assured, or 
convinced ; to have a full per- 
suasion witbout positive cer- 
taintj-, ' Ah'll be buu fo't ' (i, r. 
I'll be bound for the certain^ of 
what I assert) ' he'll rue weddin 
that lass.' 

. to 

finncll-aboot [buoneh-uboot], £. 

nod N., to subJL't't to ilI-UBage. 

' Ab's not boon to he' mah lad 

hti>,r)^d-'ibool like that; Ah'll 

tak him away.' 
Bnncli- clot [huoiiGh-tloot], a 

cloil-kiekor, or tann-labourer ; 

so called by town's-peoplo. 

Bnng-np [Luongnop], E and 

N., tamo as Bum-up. 
BtUT [ba'^t']. the prickly seed of 

the chestnut. ' He stuck tir it 

like a iiirr.' 



Burr, E. and W., v. to stop a 
vehicle by placing a stoue before 
the wheel. ' Tak a steean an 
burr cart wheel.' 

Buryin [ber'iin], a funeral. 

Buskin [buoskin], N,, a farm- 

Butther-bump [buoth*u-buomp], 
the bittern. 

* When the hutther-humpa crj', 
Summer is nigh.' 

Bntther - fing-ers [buothu-fing- 

uz], an appellation for persons 
dainty of touch, or fearful of 
getting their hands burnt in 
culinary operations ; also, in N., 
for those who drop things they 
are carrying in their hands. 

Buzzes [buoz'iz], K, the burrs of 
the teazel, a sort of doublo- 
nlural corruption of burr — 

Cabbish [kaabish], a cabbage. 

* Paid for 6 cabiahes and some 
caret roots at Hull, 2«.* — Quota- 
tion in Whiiaktr's Craven , a.d. 

Cadge [kaajl, v. (1) E. and K, 
to go rouna soliciting orders as a 
miUer^s man with his cart. (2) 
E., to go about in a lazy, desul- 
tory manner. (3) N., to beg. 
(4) W., to importune continu- 
ously and persistently for trifling 

Cadger [kaaj-ur*], (1) a miller's 
man wlio delivers flour, takes 
orders, &c. (2) a loose character 
who goes from door to door 
soliciting assistance. 

Caff [kaaf], chafiF. 

Caf^, Caff-hearted [kaafi, kaaf- 

aa'tid], E., adj. cowardly ; timid. 

* Ah yance went t! choch it ^t 
wed bud Ah ton'd caffy aboot it,' 
I once wont to church to get 
married, but I turned coward 
about it. 

Cag-mag [kaag-mnag], (1) N. and 
W., refuse, chiefly used in refer- 
once to meat. (2) E. and N., a 
loose character. (3 J N. andW., a 
vulgar, disreputable old woman. 
* D'ye think Ah wad be seen wiT 
an awd cay-may like that ? ' 

Cag-mag,- v. to loaf. 'He gav 
up his awn thrade an noo gans 
cag-mayyin aboot cunthry like 

Cake, Keeak [ke-h'k, kih'k], v. 
to coagulate into a concrete moss, 
as coals in a fire. 

Call [kaul], v. to scold ; to rate 
with abusive language. 'Mis- 
tluress '11 call in^ black an blue 
when she fKnds it oot.' 

Callen [kauln], p. p. of to call. 

Callin [kau'linl, a scolding, with 
derisive appellations. *Ah cat 
sike a callin as Ah niwer had i' 
my life; she calVd m& iwery 
thing that she thowt bad.' * Why 
niwer mind, lass, what she call 9 
thS, se lang as she disn't call thil 
ower late lov dinner.' 

Callis [kaalis], to harden, or 
coagulate into a mass ; same as 
Cake, supra. 

Callit [kaalit], a scold ; a loud- 
talking virago, who is continu- 
ally finding fault. 

* A wisp of straw were worth a 

thousand crowns. 
To make the shameless callet know 
Shaksporo, Hen, VI. y pt. 3, II. ii. 

Callit, V. to scold persistently, 
with or without cause. 

Callitin-bout [kaal'itin-boo*t], a 
quarrol, in which derisive epi- 
thets are plentifully made use of. 

Callity [kaal'iti], adj. scolding ; 
fault-Ending. * A callity awd 

Call- ower- rolls fkanl -aow-ur'- 
raowlz], V. to call up for repri- 



■■CWBker'd [kimiig-kiul], n.lj. ill- 
■ tempered ; frutful ; aplonutii' ; 

Caonily [kaan-ili], mW. cleverly; 

expertly; neatly; handily. 
Cannlemu [kaanlmus], Candlu- 

Oaiml«inaa-oracki [kaau'lmiu- 
krauks], N., storms wUch occur 
About tno time of CandlBDiiia, 
"A rail III fiaas-cmrl; 
Lays monnya sailin'onliisliaek.' 

0aBll7 [kaani], adj., keen; 
shrewd; knowing; cttifty. 

Oftsnji adj. plei(«ing ; winning ; 
dunning. Combined pinemlly, 
but not necossarilv, wiUi dimiiin- 
tiveneM, as the Cleveland people 
refer to tho village of Ayton, an 
canny Yatton — dour little Ayton. 

^ Ult [koant], V. to move about 
with a juuiity stop. ' Why awd 
vomiin gam< niuliii aboot like u 
young Insa." 

Dta't-help-it [kna nt-elp-it], a pev- 
wm with an uncominemblo ilis- 
inclinution for work. &c., is said 
to bo troubled with u emt't-lielp- 

ndj, blitlifsomej 
sprightly; vivatious. A term 
genetuUy mado uso of in refer- 
emw to elderly persons. 

Cap [kaapl, v. (1) to aurpasa. 
■ He f'lW' 'i nil jit com nt feeat- 
balh' hi) to puBXle. ' It rnpt 
me ti knaw wheciir awd mear 
gaiia toea ' (where the old mart' 

► row). When anything verj- ox- 
WBonlinary isHpokenof itissnid. 
' Well ! th'nt rapa Leatherstnni, 
mnd licathoratam ntpp'il the dir- 
vri: I'OKsihly from tho A.S. 
rarppf, a head- covering. 
Oapau [kaapnas], K., v. to un- 
derstarid; to bo undtirHtiXHl. 
' Thim"M bail ti fapns^.' hard t« 
I UIliliTBtanJ, '*, (, tix-ommm. 

loty Jkaan'ti], 
epnghtly; vi" 

Capper [kaap'ur'], (1) onylhing 
puzzling. ' It's a tupiirr wheear 
uiah knife's gone teeah' (t<i). {'1) 
a sitrpasiung fout. 

Cappin [kaap-iu], a<lj. luitouiEli- 
in^ ; puzzling. 

CarlinB [kaa-lin/], sb. pi. grey 
poaH friod and eat«n with pepper. 
salt, and butter on ' Carltn San- 
diiij,' in commemoration of the 
Ufuusution of our Saviour. 

Carlin Sunday [k»i-lin-suou-du], 
the ^th Bunilay in Lent, or Paa- 
»iou Sunday. 

Carney [kaa^ni'], X. and W., 
enjiiluiy; coaxing flattery. Iden- 
tical with Sam Shck'a «>/■( «(«•- 
drr, a t«'rm, bv tJio way, which ia 
common iu ^, Uoldemesa, but 
whether it is an importatiou from 
AmericH, or vice vera3, seems 
doubtful. Itcertaiulyhnsbeenin 
use ill UiiliIomeBs for a cunsider< 
able length of time. 

Carney [kaji'iii],v. to cajole; to 

Carry in-Hatchet [kaar'yiu-aa ch- 
it], W., tho ugliest man in a 
vuhigf is aaid to rurry tlir /aiirliii 
until ho meets with ouo ugUor 
than himself, to whom he tninB- 

Carry-on [kaar'i-aon], v. to com- 
plain, or find fault for a Icngth- 
etitiJ period. ' When he fan it 
oot, he did carry-on aboon a bit.' 

Cars [kaa'zl, »h, pi. low swampy 
land; in some places in Holder- 
ness below the level of high 
water, as the Tlollym Cars. 

Catchen [kaach-cii], p. p. of Ku 

Catchin [kaaclrin], adj. infec- 
tiouw; fuutngious. 'They sav 
thif" neWHOdurto' foror (typhoid) 
isn't al mlchi'i as teypns (ty- 

Catch-it [kaacli-itl, to meet with 
punishment. ■ 'Iht.iu'i- ;^innin ti 




Cat-hawB [kaatau-zl, sb. pi. 
berries or haws of the hawth 

catch'Hy my lad, when thy faythcr 
cums worn.* 
Catcht [kaaclii], p. p. an«l pt. of 
to catch; v. caught. * And there- 
fore of toner are cachC—Dr Mar- 
tin Lister, of York, 1698. 

Cat-ooUop [kaat-kaol'up], N. and 
E., the spleen of an aninial, given 
to the cat when a pig is killed. 

Cat-gallas [kaat-gaal-us], three 
sticks placed in the form of a 
g:allows, for boys to jump oyer. 
So called in consequence of being 
of A sufficient height to hang cats 


Cat-lampus [kaat-laam'pus], W., 
a sudden, clumsy, scrambling 
fall. • He com doon reglar cat- 
lampm.' The Americans have 
a similar word, Catawampua, 
meaning prostrated by misfor- 
tune, or pulled down by ad- 

Cat-tails [kaat-teh'Iz], sb. pi. 
the common bulrush. 

Cand [kau'd], adj. cold. 

Caad-fire [kau-d-feyitr*], fuel 

placed in a fire-grate ready for 

Caud-like [kau*d-leyk], adj. as if 

it were going to be cold. A 

weather term. 

Canf [kau'f], a calf. 
* There was a man he had a cauf, 
An thafs hauf.'— ForK Rhyme. 

Canf-bed [kau*f-bed], the matrix 

of a cow. 
Cauf-hearted fkau-f-aa'tid]. adj. 

timid ; cowardly. * Ho was awlas 

a bit cauf-hearted,^ 

Cauf-lickt [kau-Mikt], adj. 7//. 
calf-licked. Said of a child whose 
hair has an inclination to stand 
upright, or incline backward from 
the forehead. Perhaps from an 
idea that the saliva of a calf 
would cause it to do so. 

Cauven [kau-vn], p. p. of to ixdve. 
* She's a new cauven un.' 

Cawil [kauil], a ben-coop- See 

Cawk [kauk], W., the core of an 
apple, or pear. See Crawk and 

Cawker [kaukur*], anything 
abnormally large. 

Cawsey [kau-si], a causeway. 
Generally applied to a raised and 
paved side- walk, or one across a 
fold-yai-d, but often any foot- 

Cayshnn [kaeshun], need ; neces- 
sity, lit, occasion. * He's neeah 
cai/shun to waak; he's weel eneof 

Cazzan [kaaz*n]. N. and W., a 
dried cow's dung, foiinerly used 
for luel. 

Cazzan-on [kaaz*n-aon], N., to 

adhere by coagulation. 
Ceeasthran [ sih'sth run] , a cistern. 

Cess [sea], a parochial or muni- 
cipal rate, as distinguished from 
Crown taxes. 

Cess, a parochial dole, formerly 
paid weekly to farm -labourers, 
in the neighbourhood of Hort- 
soa, to eke out scant>' wages, 
when work was not plentiiFul. 
This was not looked upon as a 
pauper payment, but one to 
which the recipients had a right, 
and which they accepted in the 
same way that they would an 
allowance during sickness from 
a benefit society. ^ This custom 
was general in N. Uoldemess 
after the French war, at the 
beginning of the century, when 
agriculture was in a verj' de- 
pressed conditi(m. 
Cess-getherer [ses-gedh-rur'], a 

Chaamer [cbaa-mur'], E., a room 
upstairs. * Ah sleeps i' chaamer/ 
In N. and W., Chaymer, 



Chaok l^cliaak], a word use4 lo 
cnJ.1 pigs, uaually ni^compimied 
bf the rattlo of the prul-hnnilte. 

Chalk -back -ae«t [chauk-lioak- 

■ nee't], N., the evening preceding 
. the WhitsunUde fair ut Bridling- 
ton, when bojs and others as- 
semble on the ckurcli-grcou, 
where tha fair ia huld, and amuse 
themselveB by endeavouring to 
ehatk each other's hac.kB, accom- 
ponied by shouts of uprooiious 
Chaiielge[(:haan-ukh]. E. ; Clian* 
&lze. N. ; Challenge, W,, v. t" 
accost a perBi>n in h cii*i of 
doubtful identity. ' He lUdn't 

as Ah is, w! my blind eo. till Ali 
ehaiiel'j'd him." 

Change [chaeoEh], ready money; 
luoee cosh. 

Chumie [chaaii'i], a marble re- 
turned by the victor in the 
gamo of marbles to tha bov 
■whom he sheggarcd (cleaned out). 

Ch&pa [cbiutps], a term itsed fu- 
miliarly, as ' oor chaps ' ^ our 
people; or contemptuously, as 
■ them chaps I they'r good fo' 

Chatthflrwaw [ebaathuwaan-], 

»N. and W., v. to caterwaul. Fre- 
quently used in reference to un- 
morriea men who slay out late at 
night, without apparent reason. 
laTTle [uhaavj], N. and E.. v. 
to chew; to indent with the 
teeth ; to out, or tear in a jagged 
manner. ' Leenk how oor awd 
coo's rhatfled njah cap.' 
lawlement [rliaav-lmcnl], a 
maw of piiljiy or fragmentnry 
chewed or gnawed matter. 
' WLnt a c!iiirrle<uri,i fljttt dog's 
meoad o' this bridle.' 
Chawdhre [clmtrdhur'], sing, and 
plu. n cLaldrou ; chaldrons. 
Vm4 only as a 

Chawdy-bag [chau'di-baag], the 
atoniach of an animal. See 

'And add thereto a tiger's irftanrfran.' 
Shakspere, Macbeth, IT, i. 

Chaymer [cheh'mur, chue-mur], 
N. and W., a chamber. See 

Chaymerly [cUe-h'muli]. urine. 
Formerly pi-eserved in tubs, for 
washing;, to soften the water and 

Checkery-bits [cliek'ur'i-bits], eb, 

tl. amail liimpa of coal, in size 
etweeu ' big-uns ' and ' slock.' 
Cheer [chi-ur'], health, or con- 
dition of body. 'What chter, 
my hearty ': ' a mode of salutation 
equivalent to ' How are you ? ' 
' Uethiuks your looks are sad ; 
your tlieer appalled.' 
SHttkspore. Hen. VI., pt. 1, I. ii. 
' The dovilish hng, by changes of my 
rhrtre [countenance), 
Perceived my thought,' &c. 

Spenser's Faerij Qareti, 
Cheety-ohow [chee-ti-chaow], E., 

Chen [cben], a cbuiii. Mao 

Chen, V. to cliurr. 

Chequers fchek nz], sb. pL peb- 
bles. Pebbles were formerly used 
in reckonings or computations on 
c/ifgiirrfd or checkerrd tables, 
whence the name, and also the 
■verb to r/iccA, in accounts : a term 
which still survives in the OoTsm- 
mcnt Board of Eichrqurr, and in 
the ale-house Bymbo! of tha 
Clirrrurre. Tliey were also used 
in the ancient game of mcrrils, 
or nine men's morrice, in place 
of the modem jiegs. and wore 
moveil on the board bo as to 
chni the advance of those of the 
opposite side. 

Cherrap [eher'up], E., a Hnv,-. 
* Ahll gr tb!i a rlitrrup ower liip, 



an then raebby thoo'U remember 
next time/ 

Cherrup [cherup], v. to cliirp. 

Cherrybum [cher-ibuom], a 
cherub. Properly the Hebrew 
plui-al. The same mistake is 
made in Devonshire. 

Childhre [childhur'], sb, pi. child- 

' I wot it was no chi/Jdre game.' 

Tournament of Tottenham. 
*Thay are like vnto chihlir that 
rynnes aftere buttyi*flyes,* 
Hampole, IVeatise on Li/f. 

Ghimler [chim luv'], a chimney. 

Chin-choppy [chin-chaop-i], N , 
a blow ou the mouth. Al.^o 

Chink [chingk], money. Also 

Chin-music [chin-meuzik], E., 
impertinent talk. * Shut up an 
lets he' ni more o' thy chin- 
in HnSIC' 

Chinnnp [chin -up], N., a game 
played with hooked sticks and a 
ball. See Shinnup. 

Chip [chip], E. and W., a quarrel. 

* We've nivvcr had a chip sin we 
was wed.' 

Chipr E. and W., v. to quarrel. 

* We chip^d ooty we quarrelled. 

Chip-np [chii>uop], v. to trip up. 

Chis-keeak [chis-ki'h'k], cheese- 

Chithrel [chiUrril], E., a pig's 
chitterlings; the larger intes- 

Chizzle [chizl], wheat-bnin. 

Choch [chaoch], a church. 

Choch-clerk [chaoch-tlaa-k], a 
parish-clerk. ' Ho knaws his 
nominyas weel as a choch-clerk^^ 
— he knows his sjiecch as well as 
a parish- clerk. 

Chock-full fcliaok-fuolj, adj. 
choke-full. See Chaek-ndl. 

Choddy-bag [chaod-i-boag-], F. 
See Cbawdy-bagr. 

Chollons [chad 'lis], adj. irritable ; 
churlish. * Oh, he's a nasty 
chollons sooat of a chap is cor 
maisther.' In X. bitterly cold ; 
used in reference to the wind. 

ChooBed [choo'zd], p. t. of to 


Choppin-elog [chaop in-tkog], a 
log of wood on which sticks are 
chopped. Also a butcher's block. 

Chops [chaops], sb. pi. the jaws. 

* Ah'll slap thy chops fo* thi.' 

Chor [chaor'], W., v. to chew. 
See Chow and Chowp. 

Choslip [chaozlup], E,, rennei. 
Used for colouring cheese. 

Chow [chaow], a quid of tobacco. 
Also, V. to chew. 

Chowp [cliaowp], X., V. to chew. 

Chowp-heead [chaowp-i li*d], a 

Choz [chaoz], p. t. of to choose. 

Chub [chuob], E., a block of 
wood for burning in a grate. 

* Sail we hev a chnh on, or miin 
Ah fetch sum cooals ? * 

Chuck [chuok], a word useil to 
call poultry. 

Chnck-full [cliuok-fuul], adj. 
choke-full. See Chock-fall. 

Chncky [chuok 'i], a child's name 
for a chicken. 

Chnffy [chuof i], N., adj. saucy ; 
also, full-faced. 

Chump [cliuomp], E., a larger 
block of wood than a * chub.' 
In N. the stump of a tree afU?r 
being dug up. * Ah fun (found) 
a big chump ; Ah's boon ti saw^ it 
iuti chubs.' 

Chump-heead [chuomp-ih'd ; ee*d 

in E.], a blocJthead. 



Chnnther [taliuon-tlnir'], v, to 

ChnntheFin [chuowthur'in], 
KTumbling ; rrmttorinR ; iliscou- 
tL'ut. ■ We saU h& sum rhuuthcrin 

Cindher-up [Hin-Jhur'-uop], to 
cloar awny ths aahea &om under 
tho firo-grat«. 

Clack [Uaak], gossip ; persistent 
tiilk. ' Hod ycr tlitrk,' be silunt, 
■ Umiil ver r/»ti»,' Oreeue, 

Clackin-aboot [tluakiu-uboot], 
(1) going about tioiaily, with 
puttuDS, on a brink or utone 
tloor. [2) retailing gonsip. 

Clag [tlaag], v. tu clog, or ad- 
here to. ' His beeikts (boots) is 
uU tliig'd ^i snaw.' 

C\&ggy [tliuig-i], adj. sticky. L'su- 
ully said of a roud after rain. 
Also, bpdTy nnd (Imcging, as a 
woman's petticoats wlien ttuckly 
besmearcu with raiid. 

[Ui-h'm, tle-h'm, tlae-m], v, 
to bwiuear ; to pliiHtor ovt - 

I In all dniiiird ower " 
muck.' Also, to stick up, ns 
poatiDg-billBeainstawall. 'Tor 
- — claiin'd all owor wi' 'lei'tii 

len [lle'li'mn], p. p. of to 

Clammed [tIitaiiidl,K,n<lj.piirchi'il 
' with thirst. ' Ali've ln,t-ii thronli- 

mer-itp [tlnam-ur'-uop], to 

mp [tluainp], an iron plutc 
- ' 't gratOB to economise the 
iption of coal. 

l-beae [tlaap-Xien-i], JC., v. 

ised only in tho impcratii'e) to 

clap hmiilB. ' Clup-hriie for a 

Clap-eea-on [danp-ee'^-aon], to sen 
— meet with a person. " Ah 
ver tiapl et» •>» tarn all day.' 

Clap-to [tlaap-li-li'],v, to close Willi 
violence, a» a door or window- 
shutter, by the wind. 

Clart [tlaa-V|, (1) Btickiness. (2) 
feigned afiection. A father will 
Biiy jokingly to his child : ' It'a 
iieeit use thoo kiseiu' Jl^i, thoo 
disa't luv mi : it's all rlnrl.' 

Clart, V. (1) to Btick, or daub. 

(2) to feign afiection. (3) to 
tnfle, or bungle over work. 
' Ah can't bi-lr ti see em (hirlia 
oboot, Ali'd raytJier deeah wahk 

Clartia-au-olowiii [tlaatin-un- 
cluowin], N., perjietuftUy and 
fussily cleaning and recti^iug 
and milking re- arrangements. 
Also, turning tilings over in a 
disorderly manner in March for 
a lost article. 

Clartment [t)aa't[nentl,(l)sticki- 
nosa. {2) mniulated affcetion, 

(3) needless ceremony ; ostenta- 
tions display of love. 

Clart-pooak [llna-t'puo-b'k], ono 

who makes hj'pocritieal profea- 

ri'ins of affection. 
Clarty [llna-ti], a.lj. (1) sticky. 

(2) niudily ; lis a road, &c. 
Claihin [llaayhiii], a jolting, as of 

a vehiae. 
Clatther [iJaoth-nr'], v. (1) to 

clatter. {2) to tulk noisily. (31 

til strike, or beat. ' Ah'll r/ot- 
thrr thy heead fo' tha' if thou 
disn't luind, that Ah will.' 
> And somoof them bark, duller, and 

Of that hcrenv called Wiclevista.' 

Slcplton's Cvfiii Chul. 

Clanm-aboot [tkuui-uboo t], v, 

to hang alHiut a pnrenn, rnrcas- 

ingly, or with bcar-liko embrncef. 



Clanm, or Clanm ower [tlaam], 
V. (1) to gather up articles in an 
untidy way. (2) to handle any- 
thing with dirty fingers. 

Cleanin [tlee-nin], E., the after- 
birth, in the case of a cow. See 

Clean-like [tlee*n-leyk], adj. 
smart - looking ; well - propor- 

Cleansen [klen*zim], p. p. of to 


Cled [tied], pp. clothed. * Weel 
fed and cled.* 

Cleean [tliVn], N. and W.; Clean 
[tloe'n], E., adj. as adv. alto- 
gether ; completely. * Ah cleean 
toTgaX it.' * MX brass (money) is 
cleean gone.* 

Cleean-MiLck [tli-h'n-muok], 
earthy dirt, i. e. dirt not of an 
offensive or ordorous nature. 

* It's nobbut a bit o* cleean -mucky 
an that weeant hot (hurt) neea- 

Cleeated-on [tli-h'tid-aon], ad- 
hering firmly by coagulation. 

Cleg [tlo'i], X. and \V., a gad- 
fly. IIoi*ses are said to bo * clerj- 
gin * when galloping about the 
field tormented by gad-flics. See 
Gleg. Icel. k'leggiy a horse-fly. 

Cletch [tlech], a brood of poultry ; 
hence a family, or tribe of any 
kind. * lie cums of a bad cletch.' 

Clew [tliw, tloo*], a lock for re- 
taining water in a river or canal. 

Clew, a ball of twine, worsted, 

Click [tlik], (1) a quick, rude 
snatch. (2) a slip, or sudden 
catch. * Summut ga sike a click 
i my liooad, an teeathwark stopped 
in a minute.' 

Click, V. to snatch at, or sud- 
denly take hold of anything. 

* Click hod,' seize hold. 

Clickin [tlik-in], (l)a ticking, or 
beating. (2) a rude snatching. 

* Neea clickin s ' is said by boys 
who do not wish their com- 
panions to have a share or to par- 
ticipate in anything found. 

Clink [tlingk], N. and K, a 
quick dIow ; a fillip. * Ahll gie 
tha a clink ower lug.' I'll give 
you a box on the ear. 

Clink, K and E., v. (1) to give 
a smart stroke. (2) to mass to- 
gether by burning, as coala or 

Clinker [tling-kur'], (1) a smart 
blow. (2) anything very large 
or superior in quality. * My 
wod bud that taty's a clinker.* 

Clinkin [tling'kin], £. and N., 
adj. superlatively large or good. 

a box on the ear. 

Clipper [tlip-ur'], anything of 
superior quality. 

Clippers [tlipuz], E., sb. pi. scis- 

Clippin [Llip'in], sheep-shearing. 
Also, adj . , of superior description. 

Clippin-chiskeeakB [tlipin-chis- 

ki h'ks], cheese-cakes made for 

Clivs [tlivz], sb. pi. cliff's. Xot€, 
however, the singular is cliffy 
not die. 

Clocks [tlaoksl, sb. pi. the heads 
of the dandelion flower when in 

Clocks, sb. j)l. house-beetles. Seo 

Clog [tlaog], a log of wood. 

Clogg'd-np [tlao;::jd-uop], obstruct- 
ed in the bronchial tubes, ren- 
dering breathing difficult. 

Clooas [tluo-h's], adj. (1) sultry. 
(2) greedy; miserly. (3) reti- 
cent; taciturn. 

Cloot [tloo-t], a blow. *Givo 
him a rJoot ower heead.' 

Cloot [tloo't], a cloth. From 
. A.S. duty a fragment or patch. 



Female ultire is alaodeniitninated 
duots ocOBHionnlly, as, ' Get thy 
tl'xilt on.' A Ualdemess Bvaiu, 
who was OTorheanl enquiring 
into the accoinpliHliuienta tff Itig 
■wuetheart, asked amongst other 
things, ' Can tba set a doot on r 
ehet (shirt) withoot puckoria '• ' 
' Pattmod cloulu and ragg«s.' 
— AKhaia. 

Cloot [tloo't], V. to 1)831, origin- 
ally, poi'hupFi, witli a piece of 
tluth. ' AhU fiwi thy heead fu' 
tha." ' If I hor chilrlo, she would 
cli'wtr my cote.' — Mytttry I'lny, 
Espousal of Joseph and Mary. 

Clooten [tloo-tn], p. [I, of to doof. 
lot[tlftol], aclodofenrUi. 'Dry 
as a diA of clay.' — Ilarpiilut. a. 

' PiW8ion-I'ky. Ill Hold, n eU 
(of hinfxl) is neyer used, ese^pt- 

CIOV [llii'v], p. t. of to ehav to. 

Clowen, I'r ClooTen [tlaovn], p. 

p. of to rlntfr f'l. 

CIov fllaow], E., V. lo clean in a 
bustling ftutbioo. ' Mah wife's 
Leen tloirin an' cloanin for a 


Clovin [tl.iowin], E., cleaning. 
CLabstart [lluob'slna't], a species 

nf j,.,lp-c.-.l. 

Clump [lliiomp], a log of wowl, 

Cluat [tliiont], K nnd W.. a 
heavj-, noisy tread. ' What 
cliiiila {or what a chmlrriuij) thou 
mnbs when thou gana across 
fleear ' (floor). 

Clunt [lluont], E. and W.. v. to 
walk in a heavy, noisy maiiuer. 

Clnnther, t. Same aa Clunt 
' Ho com duntherin doon-stiiir», 
as if it was a waggon an osses.' 

Clnatberment [iKuos'thument], a 

cluster: an abrogation. 
Cluther [tlnodh-iir'], v. to gatluT, 
or assemlilo together in a crowd. 
' Banthors (Priniitivo Mnlht.- 

dists] com doon rooad an fooaks 
eeeau begun ti cluther round em.' 

ClBtherbnok [lluodh-ubiiok], E., 

a stout, ungainly woman. 
Cob [kaob], H., a blow on the 
posterior given with the knee ; \, 

to strike posteriorly with tlia 

Cobbin-matoh [kaobin-moach], 
N,, a echuol game in wbidi two 
buys are hold by the legs and 
urus andbumpeaaguinRta tree; 
be who holds out the longest 
being the victor. 

Cabbie [kaob'l], a paving-stone; 
a lurgo-siKwi stoao of any kind. 

Cobble, V. to throw stones, ' I'ay- 
ther says you'r tl give ower cob- 

Cobble-thiees [kaobl-thrtez], sb. 
pL double swingle-trees on a 
plough, or waggon. 

Cobblin, stone- tbrowiug. 

Cobby [kaobi], aUj. neat ; eym- 
metricftl, OeneraLy joined to a 
diminutive, as, ' A cobby luhtle 
chap.' Also, in E., brisk. 

Cock [kaok], this fowl is sup- 
posed to have a forekiiowlodge 
of death. Within the last dozen 
years a Holdemeas farmer, con- 
Tersingwith a sceptic, oxcJaimed, 
■ Then din tlioo meean ti say oor 
awd forA' disn'tknaw when there's 
boon ti be a dueth i famaly ! ' 

Cock up, V. to Uuld up. ' Cock 
vp thy chin.' 

Cockerel [kaokiir'il], a young 

Cock-ee'd [kaok-oayd], adj. 
squinting, or cross-eyod. 

Cockle [kaok'lj, T. to slinke 
through atnn<iinp insecurely, 
'It'll wJiU ower if tha disn't 

Cookie. W'., V. to sliriuk up. 
Cocklety, same as Cookly. 



Cock-loft, a garret in the roof. 

Cockly [kaok'li], adj. ready to 

Cockmadaw [kaok'mudau*], a 
little, strutting, conceited person. 

Cook-o*-middin [kaok-u-midio], 
chief or head person ; a bully. 

Cock-seer [kaok-si*h'r], cock-sure ; 
perfectly certain. 

Cock-stliride(or8thraade) [kaok- 

sthraayd], a cock-stride. Used 
only in reference to the len^h- 
ening of the days in early spring, 
when it is said, * days is a cock- 
athraade langer noo. 

Cockt [kaokt], pp. irritated by a 
trifling matter. 

Coddle [kaod'l], v. to pamper by 
self-indulgences ; to take needless 
remedies for slight ailments. 

Coddle, V. to cook certain kinds 
of food in the oven in place of 

Coddl'd-up [kaod'ld-uop], shrunk- 
en ; withered ; wrinkled by con- 
traction ; also, lying in bed A^th 
druwn-up limbs. 

Codgy [kaoj-i], adj. little. 

Coffins an Posses (purses) [kaof- 

ins-un-paos'iz], cinders which 
fly out of the Are, elongated and 
hollowed, or bag-shaped: if the 
former they are supposed to fore- 
tell the death of a relative ; if the 
latter, a windfall of furtune. In 
E. the prediction is given forth, 
not by shape, but sound ; if, when 
struck on a hard substance, the 
cinder emits a faint tinkling 
sound, money is forthcoming ; if 
no sound is heard, — death. 

Cog [kaog], E., same as Cob. 

Cog, Icog, N., adv. secretly ; 
privately : in disguise. A cor- 
ruption doubtless of the Lat. 
inroqnitus ; one of the very few 
llolderncss words derived from 
thiit language. 

Cog-steean, or Cog-stan [kaog- 
sti'h'u, or stun], a boy's game. 

CoUooag [ka d-uoh*gl, N., v. to 
colleague ; to conspire. 

Collop-keeaks [kaol-ap-ki-h'kf»], 
sb. pi. cakes made of two layers 
of paste with bacon, or ham be- 
tween. In E. and N,, generally 
called Dceacon-heeaks, 

Collop - Mnnda [kaol-up - muon'- 
du], the Monday before Shrovo 
Tuesday, so called because it was 
the last day of flesh-eating 
before Lent, when fresh meat 
was cut in collopa and salted to 
hang till Lent was over. In 
many places the usual dish for 
dinner, on that day, consists still 
of eggs and bacon. 

CoUops [kaol'ups], sb, pL slices 
of bacon. 

* I have no salt bacon ; 

Ne no cokeneyes, bi crist, coh- 
j>u9 to maken.* 
Piers Plovman, A, vii. 272. 

Colly - wobbles [kaol i - waoblz] , 
sb. pi. dysentery, accompaniod 
with .stomach-ache. 

Combrill [kau'miil], the no*.clied 
rail on wliich carcasses are hung 
by butchers. 

Come, (^/' Cum fkuom], when come. 

* Ah sail be nfty-four cum Sun- 

Come-thy-ways [kuom-dhi- 

wac'z], come here. Generally 
said to children, and in an affec- 
tionate or pitying tone. 

Comin-aboil [knomin-u-baoyl], 
on the point of boiling. * No<> 
put sum toe^ intf pot, kettle's 
just coDiin-a-hnl.^ 

Common -ooatin [kaom'un-uo*- 
h'tin], doing team-work on the 
highways in lieu of, or as a set-off 
against, the rates 

Conk [kaongk], AV., the heail. 

Conkers [koongkuz], sl>. |)l. siuull 
_ snail- bLbHs. In tao boj''B game 
I of wiikeri the apexes of two 
I shells are presaed together until 
one is broken, the uwner of the 
other being the Tiotor, In W. 
the game ie more goneruUy colled 
■playin at snool-sheHs.' 
Conny [kaon-i], adj. little, as, 
'What aeoHiij/bittiioo'Bgin luS.' 
More fi'Oquentljr used inoombin- 
Htion with Byiometry of form. 
prettdness, and innocenre, cui, ' A 
roiiiiy lahtlo bayn,' 
ConiRlui [kaon»ui'n], (1) an es- 
tate, or property. • Ah've bowt 
a nice conmhii at Uedon," ('2) 
aSkir, ' It's a queer oin«u/in that 
of awd Smith and hia luon.' 
Co&soit [kftuiiBfiet], V. to fancy; 
to jmagiiie; to form un opinion; 
frequently used with the affix, 
'ti mvsen,' as, 'Ah awlaa ron- 
niitt ti myBon that Ah ran boeld 
a »tili:k lis nccl as onny man I' 

ContbradiotiouB [kaontliiiidik- 
shuMJ, adj. Same aa Conthrary. 

Coathrary [knontiti-oe-ri], adj. 
L di»putatioiiH ; adverse ; discord- 
I ant ; given to opposition ; per- 
W Terse ; wayward, 

Conthrary, v. to contradict ; to 
oppose waywiinlly. ' Dcean't 
tonthrarij hiin ; he'llnobbut flee 
inttT a passion.' 

Conthravaase [knonthmvaa-s], 
T. to hold u convoittation, or ar- 

Coo [koo-], a cow. 

Cooaohy-lady [ku..di'chi-ledi'di1, 
" -'o hidy-Wrd. '■ - • 

N- the h 

See Ouaby- 

lap [koo-tlaap], cow's d«ng. 

I: Ponnerly this was tiikcn up in 

[' the hands whilst soft by the 

F servant girls at farm-houses, and 

* clapped ' (thrown) neainst the 

widl, where it .nilhpreS till drj- ; 

it was tlieu used for fuul, eath 
piece being called a ' < .uxaw ' 
Coo-cleiuiiu [koo'tlen/inz], sb. 

SI. the (ift«r-birth of a uoir. 
_aniQ as Cleaniii. 

Cool [koot], a flwelling on the 
head causiid by a blow. 

Coontin [koo'n-tiji], aritlunetic. 
'Ah deoant knaw nowt aboot 
cooi'liii mysen, bud Ah want you 
tl lam Tom it.' Alsn, account- 
ing for, or cxpiuining. 'There's 
iiooah tMiifin lo't.' 

Coopin, K. and X. ; Cowpin 

[koo-pin, kaow-pin], N. and W,, 
narrow, oblong com-ataeka built 
in detachments— a shape much 
UBcd ill LincJilnshire — to allow 
tho wind to jjoas freely through 
and about them. 

Coo-tiet [kootoBy-z], sb. pi. sliort 
cords of horecbair for tjing to- 
gether tho le^ of cowa to prevent 
them kii'king the pail over, when 
being milked. 

Corn-badger [kau-n-baaj-iir'], a 

Cos t-an- worship [koost-nn- 
waoflh-up], E. and N. ' It's mair 
cost-a7i-iviirihip.' it ia more trou- 
ble than it is worth. 

Cothoril [kaothur'il], S". and 
W.. a small piece of iron fitting 
into an aperture in tho end of a 
bolt, &c., for holding it in. its 

Cother-ap [kaothur'-iiop], to be- 
cumo shrunken ; withered, or 
dried up. 

Cotbery [kaoth'ur'i], adj. puck- 
ered. Said chiefly of sewing. 
' Decant pull thy threod ower 
tijrht, ifs that at maks it ai 

Connther - lowper [koo-nthu- 

laow'pur']. a ahopman. 
Connthry-Johnny [kuonthri- 

jaon-i], a rustic. 



Coup [kaowp], N., v. to contend 

Coup, ▼. to exchange, or barter. 

Conpan-kell [kaowpun-kel], the 
name of a lane in Beverley, de- 
rived from the Icel. Jcaupa, to 
traffic, and Icel. kelda, a well 
(often keJd as well as kdl in North 
Eng.). Probably, at one time, a 
place of marketing by a ring, 

Cove-ln [kau-v-in], N., to slide, 
or slip down. Used in reference 
to the sides of an excavation. 

Covey [kuovi], E., a word 
used to call pigeons. 

Cowell [kaowil], W., a kitchen- 
dresser with hutches underneath 
for young chickens or ducks in 
cold weather. 

Cowell, N., a hencoop. Same as 

Cowl [kaowl], V. to gather into a 
heap ; to rake together. 

Cowl [kaowl], E., V. to place one- 
self ; to creep into bed. * He 
cums in and cowls hissen doon i 
arm-chair without assin onny- 
body's leave.' 

Cowl-rake [kaowl-re"h*k], a rake 
for ashes. Also an instrument 
for raking the soot from the top 
of the oven. 

Cowp [kaowp], V. to decide a 
question by chance, such as 
throwing up a coin, or (in E.) 
by measuring a space of ground 
with the foot. 

Cowther [kaowdhur*], E., v. to 

Coy [kaoy], a duck decoy. 

Crab [kraab], a peevish, ill-tem- 
pered person. 

Crack, Crack-on [kraak aoni, y. 
to boast ; to boast about. * Ihou 
n 00(1 n't say nowt, thoo's nowt ti 

* Each man may crack of that which 
was his own.' 

Farrer^s Owen Olendower, 

Cnu&ui [kiaak*in], boasting ; 
tall talk. 

Crack jaw-wods [kraak -jan*- 
waodz], sb. pi. words haid to 
pronounce. ' Deeant bother me 
wi' neean o yer erackjaw-wods, 
speeak plain, honest Torrkaher.' 

Craekly [kraak-li], adj. brittle. 

Crack-o-talk [kraak-u-tau*k], a 
comfortable bit of gossip between 
two cronies. 

Crack-up [kraak-uop], to praise ; 
to eulogize. ' He crackt his oas 
vp finely.' 

Craft [ki^aafi], v. to invent; 
de\'ise ; contrive, or plan. 

Crafty [kraafti], adj. skilful ; in- 
genious. *Ho*s a varry crafty 
hand at joinenn.' 

Crag-o*-neek, &c. [kraag-u-nek], 
the hinder or back portion of 
the neck, &c. See Scrag. 

Crake [kreh'k], * To pull a crake 
ower lugs,' to call to account for 
a petty misdemeanour. 

Cram [kraam], v. to induce a 
belief in what is not true by 
bold assertions. 

Crammle [kraaml], v. to walk 
feebly, or lamely. * Poor awd 
man, ho can hardly crammle,^ 

Cramp-steean [kraam p-sti-h'n], a 
cei-tain kind of pebble carried in 
the pocket as a preservative 
against cramp. 

Cramp-wod [kraamp-waod], X., 
a word difficult to pronounce. 

Cranch, v. to grind with the 
teeth; to chow; to eat. 'He's 
getten belly- wark w'f cranchin si 
monny apples.' 

Crane [kre-h'n], an apparatus 
like an ordinary ci-ane, for sup- 

HOLDtltJfKSS all 


porting cauldrons ovor tlio 6a'e, 
aud lixod on a pivot, by means 
of which the caulili'oiL luay bo 
GWiing round from tho firu for 
the purpoae of removal. 
Cranky [kraang-ki], adj. (1) 
cross - tempered ; difficult to 
ploaae. (2) iBfirm in bo<ly. (3) 
slightly derangod in mind, (i) 
liable to break. ' Thiaiua cranky 
awd yat ' (gate). In early Eug- 
li^, and in the south of lifngland 
at the prosent day, the woM has 
en uppoiflte signiticntioii, mean- 
ing lusty, jovial, spirited, &c. 
Crap-keeak [kraap-ki'h'k], a cnke 
mode of tiour and erai>a tlioiiped 
very line. In W. Seraji-kteui:. 
Craps [kraapa], sb. pi. tbc scraps 
remaining atler boiling down 
I hog's fat. Ctapn are eaten with 
L Bolt to tea, &c. In N. tho refuse 
H pieces after tallow-boiling are 
B also called crapi. 
Cratch [kraacli], (1) a atonding 
rack for hay. (2) a frame oa 
which sheep are kdled, 
Crawk [brau-k], E., the core of 

an ajiplo or pear. Bee Oooak. 
Crawk, E., a blow. ' Ho jjnt 
eiko a iruii'i wl c kin stable' a stuff.' 
Also, y. to strike a blow at. 
Irawlin-things [kraulin- 
tbingzl, sb. pi. vormin of the 
insect kind. 
ream-pot [l> 
harvest supper of 

Cream -pot 'keeaks, N., cnkee, 
made thick and sweet with cui*- 
rants and oarroway eeedis, and 
mixed with cream instead of 
vat«r. aud the top murk«l into 
Creoket [krek'it], a low atool, 
Cree [kreal, v. to parboil wheat. 

r othe 


n thoo 

^particularly wheat, to be after- 

wards boiled with milk on the 
fire to make furmety. 

Creeak [krih'k], a crook, or pot- 
hook, pendant from the galli- 
bauk, on which saucepans are 
hung ovor tlio fire. 

Creeaks [kri'U'ka], hinps of a 
Rate. 'Let's hev a bit o' fun. 

Creeapin- things [krl-h'ptn- 
thingz], W.; Creeap7,X., 

vermin; small reptilua; crawling 
animals. — See Gen. i. 25. 

Creel [kree-l], (I) a plate-rack. 
(2) a wicker basket. (3) a food- 
rack for sheep. (4]N.,abutcher'B 

Crimpen [krim-pn], p. p. of to 

Crinkle [krins'kll, N., 
wrinkle ; to sbrink. 

Crooak [kruo'b'k], N. and W., 
T. to di.' ; N. and E., to kill. 

Crooak [kruo'ii'k], N., t. to 

gi'uuiblu, or complaiu. 
Crooaker [kruoh'kur'], W., a. 

corpse. ' He'll seean be a 

rrinyikfr' is said of a person at 

tho point of death. 
Croodle [kroo-ill], v. to creep iuto 

bed ; to nestle together. 
Crooner [kroo'nur']. a surpassiog 

feat, which crinma all the rest. 

Crooie [kroo-s], adj. (1) N". and 
E., elated with success. (2) E.. 
well-dressed ; like a dandy. 'As 
rrome on a loose.' Swedish triM, 
lit. crisp, curly, but also used in 
the setiBe of es^dtMf. See Crvuu 
in Atkinson's Clevel, Glos. 



Croppen [kraop'n], p. p. of to 

creep, * We could ho' croppen 
intiv a moose-hooal (mouse- hole) 
wo was si freetened.' 

Cr088-patch[kraos'paach], a croi^s 
or ill-tempered child, or woman. 
Never applied to men. 

Cross-teean [kraos>ti*h'n], E. and 
W., taken with a fit of contra- 

Crowdy [kraowiH], oatmeal por- 
ridge. * We mostlins he' crowdy 
to' supper.' See Skilly. 

Crowls [kraowlz], E., sb. pi. dirt 
in the wrinkles of the hand. In 
N. Crawa. 

Crow-up [kraow-nop*], E., to mix 
up. In N. Ruvj-up, 

Cruddled [kruodid],pp. curdled; 

Cruddle-up [kruod*l-uop], to sit 
or lie with the limbs drawn to- 
gether. Also, to lie in a close 

Cnunpy [kruom'pi], (1) the crisp 
crust of a loaf. (2) a small, ir- 
regularly-shaped ai)ple. 

Cnunpy [kruom*pi], adj. crisp. 

Cnddie [kuod'i], a hedge-sparrow. 
In N. often called cuddie hedge- 
creeper. Also, often applied con- 
temptuously to person^. 

Cuddle [kuodO], (1) E., to em- 
brace. ^2) N. and W., to caress 
by pressing cheek to cheek. 

Com, Cum*d [kuom],como; came. 
See Com. 

Cum, V. to do. * Deeant cum that 

Cum, V. to give. ' IIe*ll cum tha 
neeah thenks fo*t.' 

Cum-aboot [kuom-uboo't], to re- 
cover from sickness. * He gotten 
owor waarst on't, an Ah think 
he'll cmn-ahoot noo,* 

Cum-bi-chance [kuom-bi-^^haaiis], 
an illegitimate child. 

Cum^d, p. t. of to com^. ' Cum 
day, good day, Qod send Sun- 
day,' E. and N., a saying put 
into the mouths of lazy people. 

Cum-fra [knora-frae*], the place of 
a person's birth. * I ha'nt a cum- 
fra^ I have no settled abiding- 

Cum-off [kuom-aof], ^This is a 
bonny cnm-off^^ — an awkward 

Cum-ower [kuom-aowur'], to 
get over; to overcome oppo- 
sition by coaxing or flattery. 

Cunnin [kuon-in], adj. cunning ; 
shrewd ; wise ; learned ; fore- 
seeing. A.S. cunnariy to know. 
A cunnin man is one who reveals 
secrets, foretells events, &c. 
* For he taught the vn-coutho & 
vn-kunnynge by his prechynge.' 
— Rd. Rolle de Ilampole, Proae. 
Treatises^ p. 2o. 

Cunny-hooal [kuon*i-uo*h'l], a 
hole in the ground, aimed at in 
the game of marbles. 

Cunny-thumb [kuon'i-thuom], a 
mode of bending the thumb for 
the propulsion of the marble in 
the game of marbles. 

Cunthry - hawbuck [kuon* tbri - 
au'buok], a rustic. So called by 

Gush [kuosh], a word used to call 

Cushy [kuoslri], a child's name 
for a cow. 

Cushy - coo -lady [kuoslri- koo- - 

lae'di], a ladj'-bird. 

* Ciishy-roo-Iadi/t fly away home. 

The sheep's in the meadow, the 
coo's in the com.' 

or, in N. and W., 

* The house is on fire, and all tho 

bayns gona' — Child! s Song, 



Cut Mb Incky [knot-is- luok'i], 
started off; went away. 

Cut-off ptuot-ftof'], V. to nin off 
hastily, ' Ho cut-off yam (home) 
helter-akelter, at yanco." 

Cutten [kuot-n], p. p. of to cut. 

Cut y'r Btioka [kiiot-yii-stika], v, 
imp. be off; run away. 

Cnverlid [kuovutid], a coverl,!t 
or ooiinterpane. Jji old inren- 
torios of houai>holii fvirnitnrp, 

Juilts are geoeraily called cocer- 
^^ '.dt. 

P^b-aa-thricker [<l!utli-un-thrik'' 
B^ ur'], a game, in which the dab (a 
wooden ball) ia cauaed to spring 
Upwanls bya blowon the thrieker 
(trij^gerl, and ia atrnck by a flat 
bottle-shaped mallet fixed to 
the end oi a flexible wand ; th" 
distanup it goes counting eo many 
for thu stnker, Elaewbero the 
game ia called Knur and Spell. 
Dab-chick [iiiub--cUik], a water- 
Dab, Dab-doon [■laab-dou'nl, v. 
to thriiw against : to fling (lovru 
with viniiince. Soo Sang, 
Dab-hand [daab-aand-], a clever 
workman ; a proficient ; on 
e sport practitioner. 
Dabt-doon [doabz-doo'n], imme- 
diate payment ; ready money. 
'Price on't'g five shiflin, dah- 
doon. an Ah weeant tak leaa.' 
Dabsther [Juab-ethur'], similar in 
mcantufT to Bab-hand, but cx- 
presoivB of a higher degree of 

Dacity [daas-nti], iuteUigency ; 
energy ; Belf-oasarance. ' He'll 
nivTerget his tatiesupafoor frost 
cnma ; he hezn't durity aneeaf to 
do nowt,' 

Daddy. lang. legs filaadi-laang- 
liigz]. tho i-rane-fly : a long- 
l(>gj,"«i, winded insect, See 

_ Tommy Taylor, 

Daffen fdaaf'nl, v, to reduce to 
insensibility by a blow on the 

Daffener [duaf-nurl, a stunning 
blow, • Hoo did tha kiU it ? All 
ga V it a dafvii rr wl apeoad ' (spade). 

Daffenis [daafuin], stupefying; 

Daffy -doon-dilly [doafi-doon- 
dil-i], tho daffodil. 

Daft [daaft], adj. gtupid ; wit- 
leas; slow of apprehenrion, ' D<i/i 
OS a deer-nail,' and ' reeal da/t,' 
are auperlative forms of daftnait. 
' As diifl aa Belaayae when he 
swapt BolasyBB for Henknowl' 
(in 1380), an old Yorkshire 

Daft-like, adj. foolish ; duU-wit>- 

Dafty [dHaf*ti|, a slow-witted 
person ; an idiot. 

Dag [daap], v, to sprinkle. * Dag 
cawaey (causeway, or path), afoor 
thoo sweeps it ! ' 

Damp [daamij], moist, rainy 
weather. ' It s a damp mawnin." 

Damsil [daam-zil], E,, the dam- 
son, a variety of the prunu* 

Dandher [daau'dbur'], V, toahakei 
or tremble. ' Ho com doon wi 
sike a bump that fleeur reg'Iar 
daiidher'd ageoan." ' Let^H cum 
te fire, Ah's dttndhtrin wl oawd." 

Dandher, a quick, heavy blow. 
' Ah gav him a left-handed i/uii- 
dhrr an doon he went.' 

Dandhers, a shivering fit. ' Sum- 
mat'smuttherwrma; Ahdeean't 
knaw what it is, bud Ah've bad 
daiidhrra all neet.' 

Dandy-OSB [daan-di-aos], a veloci- 

Daiig[ditaiig],v, tothrowanylhing 
with vpbenieiirv, or passion. In 
N. more often hmr,. 



Dang-it! [daang-it], an expletive 
of suipriBe ; alBO, of determin- 
ation. ^Dang-it! thoo disn*t 
mean te say he lick't him ? * 
'Dang-it (or Bedang'd) ! Ah'U 
gan, whatiyyer cums on't' 

Bark [daa'k], N., y. to listen. 

Darken [daa*kn], E. and K, v. 
to listen, or hearken. 'There 
she set (sat) darknin wiy all her 

Darklins [daaklin], N. and £., 
th» twilight. 

Dast [daast], £., durst, p. t. of to 
dare. * He wad a geean (gone^ 
tiy his hoos if he dad a feeac*a 
him.' See Dost and Dozen't. 

Daub [dau-b], E. and W., hypo- 
critical affection. 

Dauby E. and W., v. to flatter, or 
besmear with fiedse compliment, 
with the object of gaining some 
advantage. In N. to cheat; to 

Daubed [clau-bd], K, pp. dressed 
tawdrily. *Did yft iwer see a 
lass se dauVd as Bess was this 

Daubed. Thoo be daub'd [dhoo- 

bi-dau*bd], a mild imprecation. 

Dauby [dau-bi], adj. (1) sticky; 
clammy. (2) feignedly affection- 
ate. (3) gaudily dressed, with- 
out taste. 

Dandified [dau'difaayd], adj. 
shabbily or tawdrily dressed. 

Daundherin-aboot [dau*ndhrin- 
aboot], strolUng about listlessly ; 
wandering in mind ; talking in- 
ooherently» or witlessly. 

Dauzy [dau-zi], E. and W., adj. 
doltish ; hazy in thought ; lack- 
ing iu perception. * He*s aboot 
dauzieat chap Ah iwer see'd ; he 
can't undherstan reetly nowt yan 
tells him,' 

Davy. Ah'U tak my dayy [aal- 

taak-mi-dae*vi], an assevenUion 
of the truth of an assertion, t • e. 
m take an affidavit of its iaiith. 

Dawdy [dau-di], adj. dowdy; 

Dawfol [dau*fuol], adj. doleful; 
lamentable; woe-begona 

Dawk-oot [dau'k-oo't], v. to dress 
showily, or in gaudy colours. 
' She's dawl^d her-sen oot like a 

Dawl [dau'l], V. to tire ; to loathe; 
to be satiated. 'Ah can't eeat 
ne mair, Ah's fair dalVd* * Ah's 
regler daUd wiv bis fond (foolish) 


Day-by-length [dae-bi-lenth*], E., 
adv. all day long. 'Ah niwer 
see'd sike a irakshus bayn ; shell 
rooar (cry) day-hy-lengthJ 

Daytle [dae-tl], K and E, adj. 
by the day ; working by the day^ 
tale. Also, N., laborious; as, 'It's 
daytle waak (work) this is.' 

Da3rtle-chap8, N. and E., sb. pi. 

Dazed [daczd], pp. bewildered ; 
stupefied ; lost in amazement ; 
dazzled, of which word it is pro- 
bably a corruption. Dazemeni 
(N. deeazment), o' caudy — a dull, 
stupefying cold in the head. 

Dazzent [daaz-ntl, E., durst or 
dared not. 'He dazzent gaa 
thruff chotch (church) yard, at 
noet, freeten'd o' seein a ghooast.' 
See Dossent. 

Dead-bell [ded-bell, the funeral, 

or death-bell. * A younge man, 
a chanone of Parys, laye sicke 
unto eictfe.'— Hampole, * De »n- 
per/ecta contricione^* pt 6, L 2. 
In N. Deeath'Bell. 

Deal [dih'l], a considerable 
quantity, as, * There's a deal o' 
wath-er i' pownd just noo.' 


Deead-bet [Jih'a -bet], (idv. 
thoroughly exhausted oy fa- 
tigue ; iiicapiible of accompUeh- 

Deead-OBS. Waakin-a-deead-oss 

[woa'kin-Ti-di'h'd-oas]. liibouring 

without wages, in liquidation of 

a debt. 
Deeaf [di-h'f], adj. deaf ; blasted 

oars of wheat ; nuta without 

Deeaf, v. to deafen with uoise, 
Deeah-nowt [di-h'-naDW-tj, a do- 

iiutbiuf;, or lazy follow. 
Deeah-that [di-h'-tlwat], an era- 

thatic form of assurance. ' Ab 
ive th^ nty lass, wool ; Ah 


Deeam [di-h'm], a dame; an 
elderly woman ; a wife. ' Ah 
wed muh awd derum tbotty your 
back, cum C'annlemas.' 

Deean't [Ji-h'nt], do not. 

Deeap [dih'p-], N. and W. ; 
Seep, E., adj. cunning ; crafty ; 
subtle. A sharp, unaorupulous 
piactitiunor in taw ie said tJi bo 

Seear [UMi'r], a door. A country- 
woman visiting Hull and wishing 
I to go to tbo Kcin-Deer Inn, 
bbeinK anxious to speak correctly, 
■uked to bo directed to the Boin- 

Deear-i-me [dih r'-aay-mee-j, 
int. an exclamation of astonish- 
ment. ' The decar-l-nife ! Ihoo 
disn't say seeab F ' 
Deeath-watch [dib'th-waach], 
an ineoct which emits a ticking- 
Bound at the head of a Wi, proc- 
noBticating, it is still popularly 
' Bupposed, in Holdcruess, tbo 

Deeazini [dih'zim], K^., a Bevere 
culd, esptscially in the head. 

Seed [deed], proceedings; goings 
on. ' Tber waa Jiddlin an daoo- 
in an luv-makldu I comers — 
siko drtd ae Ah nirver see'd I my 
boan (born) days.' 

Deein-on [dee-in-aon], doing, 
'Noothen! whtttis tha (/ffin-onl 
Ab warand mS thoo'a I' sum 
sooat o' mUcheeaf J' 

Deft [deft], N. and W., adj. 
handy ; clever ; expert in work 
of any kind, ' He's a dr/l hand 
wiv a curry-cooam, or onnything 
at consahna a oss.* 

Delve [delv], v. to indent or 
bruise a table, or metal surface, 
by a blow. Early Bng. delvt, 
to dig. or indent the earth. 

Demmiok [dem-ik], E. and N., 
the potato disease ; t. to tako tha 
diseaso r only used in reference 
tothepotato. 'Deeantletemstop 
onny lang-er I' grund, or they|ll 
aMdrminkk.' Bee Dimmook, W. 
(and E, occasionally). Acorrup- 
tion of epidemic 

Deng [deng], or Ding [iling], v. 
to throw anything passionately, 
or with violence. 

Deng-it [deng-it], int. on exple- 
tive of rage, or annoyance : same 
as Dang-it. 

Despad [dos'imdl, adv. voryj 
desporatuly ; ' He's daipad bad,' 
ho IB very ill. 

DesB-aboon-desB [des-a-boo'n> 
dos], N,, in layers; row above 
row, as plates in a rack. 

Dess-np [dea-uop], N., v, to pileup, 
as in a measure, above the edge. 

Dhrade [dhraed], N., p. t, of 

Dhrag [dhraac], v. to incommode, 

or trouble by connoction. An 



elder child will object to having 
a younger one dhraggin after it. 

Dhrarele [dhraag*l].v. to trail: a 

word generally used in reference 

to trailing in the dirt. 
Dhrag^le-tail [dhraag-1-tael], a 

slovenly woman, who allows her 

dress to trail in the dirt. 

Dhrape-000 [dhrae*p-koo], a milk- 
less cow. 

Dhraug^lit Tdhraaft], E. and W., 
a team of horses. * Could y& lend 
us a dhraught to fetch a leead o' 

Dhrang^lit-oss [dhraaft-aos], a 

Dhrave [dhre-hV], p. t. of to 


Dhrawl [dhrau-l], to speak with 
slow or prolonged utterance. 

Dhree [dhreej, adj. dreary; te- 
dious; wearisome. 

Dhreeaden [dhri'h*dn], p. p. of 

to drtad, 

Dhreean [dhrih'n], N. and W. ; 

. Dhreen, E., a drain or canal 

. cut for carrying off superfluous 

water, sometimes, as in that of 

Marfleot» attaining the size of a 


i)hreean, N., to speak drawlingly. 

Dhreeap [dhrih'p], N. and W. ; 
Dhreep, E.» v. to drip. 

Dhreeapin-wet [dhrih'pin-wet], 

N. and W., saturated or drip- 
ping with water. 

Dhreep'd [dhree-pt], E., wet 
through. * Ah's fair dhreep^d,' 

Dhribs • an - dhrabs [dhribz- un- 
,dhraabz], W. , in small quantities ; 
in driblets. * Ah gets it sartanly, 
but nobbut bt dhriba an dhraha.* 
See Nibs and Nabs. 

Dhrink, [dhringk], intoxicating 

Dhrink, v. to indulge in intoxi- 
cating liquor. *Ah*ve heea'd 
(heard) say at he's gin tX dhrink,* 

Dhrissin [dhris-in], a dressing, i.e. 
a flogging. 'Ahll gl' thU a 
good dhrisain, if thoo dis that 

Dhrite Fdhreyt], v. to speak hesi- 
tatingly or slowly, with a peculiar 
squeaking accent, slightly differ- 
ent from dhmwlin, ' Deeant 
dhrawl an dhrite seeah/ is said 
to children. 

Dhrivin-bandB [dhraayvin-baan- 
dz], sb. pi. the long reins used 
by a ploughman for guiding his 


Dhroll-on [dliraoi-aon], t. to 
drawl on ; to delay, or proems- 
tiiiuto ; to do anj^hing perfunc- 
torily. *Them lawyer chaps '11 
dhroU'On till they get all brass* 
(the money involved in a law- 
suit) *thersen8.* 

Dhroond [dhroo*nd], v. to drown; 
p. t. dhroanded, 

Dhroond-it [dhroond-it], to spoil 
liquor by putting in too much 

Dhroond-xninler [dhroond-min- 

lur']. drown miller, t, e, to put 
too much water into the flour 
when making bread. 

Dhrop-it [dhraop-it], v. imp. 
cease ; discontinue. A term 
generally used bj' one person to 
another who is "annoying him or 
doing something wrong. 

Dhrop 0* - dhrink [dhraop -u - 
dhringk], a person slightly in- 
toxicated is said to have had a 
dhrop-o* 'dhrink. 

Dhrop-on [{lhraoj>aon], v. to up- 
braid, reproach, or censure, sud- 
denly and at once. * Ah let him 
gan on an sa}- all he had to say, 
and then Ah dhrop^t on him and 
teird him what Ah thowt aboot 
him.' Also, to meet accidentally^ 
* Ah dhropt on him as he 'was 
tonnin comer o' leean.' 

Dhroppy [dhraopi], adj. rainy, 


Dlirovven [.thmovn], p. p. of to 

Shrowty [lilintowti], lucking,' 
paruhed, uaod m reference 
weather. ' Seeaaon's been 
jS dhrowtu tlmt we've bHnUinn 
Mttiii fotner eneeaf for beeas' 
feod cQOUgh for the cuttle). 
Use. E. and W., subject to 
drauglils or ourrenta of air. 
Dlinmkeii [ilhruong-kn], p. p. of 

^^ tothl 

Shry [liiinwy], ailj. and adv. 
thirj^ty. ' Ah b as dry as a chip.' 

Bhry ; ii vow wheii nbc CA'^tHua to 
rielil milk ia said to be dhry. 

Dhry-job [dhraa-y-jaobl, tliirst- 
induisiiig labour. Ali^<, work 
doiie for a persoa who ' Htaud))' 
■o boer. 'It's uobbiit a dhni- 
job waakis for oor paaaon, Ah 
cua tell yi : you uiTver see a 
dhrup of owt Dud what he hez 

Sickaenary [tlik'suner'i], a dic- 
tionary. A womnn desiring to 
Bpeuk politely to the school- 
master, and thinking Dick t«o 
familiur, asked if it waan't time 
Tom was put in Richard Snnrr^. 

Bidher [diiUrur'], K. and W., v. 
tt Ttlirute ; to b'emble ; to shake 

with LOIJ. 

Didherment [diilh-u'meut], E. 

and W., a fit of tremulousaesa. 
Didhory [didh'ur'i], E. and W., 
adj. tramulouH ; unstable ; vi- 
Differ [.Uf-ur'], E., v. to quarrel ; 
N. awl W., to dispute with alight 
(■rbity of language. 
rent-fre-bl [dif-ri 
uiid N.p different from, 
ribbind'a (ribbon) diferfnl^/rt-bi 
Sifferin-beat [dif-ur'in-boo't], a 


JJis], a 

tuattock ; e 

Dip, V. ti) turn up or looaen the 
earth witli a pick. Digging with 
a apade la termed Gravin, 

DigJntiT [dig-in-liv], v. to set 
about a job of work in earnest 
and with energy. ' Diy-intiv 
it, lada, and 3'ou'll seeon get it 

Like [dej-k], a aiti:h. In N., a 

Diker [deykur']. N. and W., b 
fiirm -labourer whose chief occu- 
pation is digging ditches, and 
who is confined to one locality, or 
fana. llaukors. a more robust 
and nmsculor claaa of men, aio 
diggers of drains, and go imy- 
whoi« where drains are I'equired 
to be cut. From this class hfia 
sprung the modem navvy. 

Dikin-beeats [dey kin-bih'tal, sb. 
pi. atout leather boots, reaching 
up the thigh, and waterproof; 
used for wading in the water and 
mud when diking. 

Dill [dil], V. to assuage pais. 

DillBT [dil-ur'], a Bchoolboy, dull 
and stupid at learning. 
' DilW a, dollar, 
A ten o'clock scholar, 
What moka y£ cum so soon? 
You us'd t( cum at ten o'clock, 
Bud noo rou cum at noon.' 

Dilly-dally [dili-doali], v. to 
procraetinate ; to work tanly or 
carelesHly ; to oxpond more time 
than is necessary on a job. 

Dimmook [dim'uk], W., the po- 
tato-disease. See Demmick, 
E. and N. 

Ding [ding], v. to reiterate an as- 
sertion or argument so as to forca 
it into the underatanding of a 
person of dull comprehension. 



' All was a lang time afoor Ah 
could mak him imdherstand it, 
bud at IsLsHAhding^d it intiT him. * 

Bmg [ding]. See Deng. 

Bmg-oot [ding-oot], E., to extin- 
guish a hre, or light. * Kettle's 
tumbrd ower and dinged fire oot* 

Dip [dip], gravy or sauce, in 
which Dread, &c., is dipped at 
each mouthful. A common dish 
for dinner is a large suet-dump- 
ling called a dippy-dumpling, m 
which a hole is cut and mled 
with a mixture of treacle and 
melted-butter, in which all round 
the table dip their pieces of 
dumpling. ' Dip an hot keeaks * 
is a favourite dish for breakfast. 
In this case, however, the dip is 
invariably gravy of some kina. 

Dippen [dip*uz], a slang name 
for the sect of Baptists. 

[disjisl], V. to digest, 
N. disgeit. 

Disginerate [dis-jin'or'aei;], y. to 

Dish o' tea [dish-u-tee*], a cup of 

Dismalfl [diz-mulz], despondency; 
a fit of depression of spirits. 

L*t [dirnt], does not. 

Div [div], V. to do. This form is 
only made use of in the 1st per. 
sing. * What div Ah knaw aboot 
it ?* The 2nd and 3rd per. sing, 
are Dtz, and the three persons 
plural IH. 

Diwel [divi], the deviL 

Diz [diz], V. does. See Div. 

Dizzy [diz*i],adj. giddy; vertigi- 
nous; infatuated. 

Dizzy-heeaded-feeal [diz*i-i*h'did- 

fih'l], a blunderinff, infatuated 
fool, who stumbles amiost imcon- 
sciously into peril. 

D'liryiiiii-thriniliiiB [dlir*-yum- 
thnm'linz], delirium -tremens — 

the maddening effects of dnink« 
enness. In N. Bltte Diwds, 

Doek [daok], v. to clip the un- 
clean wool from the lunder part 
of a sheep. 

Docken [daok*n], R and W. ; 
Dockin, X., the common dock- 

Dockinz [daok'inz], the dippings 
of besmeared wool from a eSieep. 

Dodge-on [daoj-aon], N. and E., 
V. to go along, making the best 
of an affliction. A person to 
whom has happened an accident 
or who has suffered a pecuniary 
loss will say, *H$y! it a bad job, 
but Ah mun dodgc-on somehoo or 

Dodher fdaodhur'], v. to shiver 

Thoresby, the Leeds Antiquaiy, 
in his Diary, complains of having 
* a quivering and dcthering in his 
body.* It is also frequenUy used 
contemptuously, as, *Thoo dod' 
herin awd thing.* 

Doff [daof], V. to do off ; to put 
off clothmg. 

Dog-chowp [daog-chaowp], N. 
and W., the hip of the rose. See 

Dog-daisy [daog-dae'zi], the com- 
mon field-daisy. 

Dog*d-OOt [daogd-oo't], E. and 
N., synonymous with Dog-tired. 

Dog -job [daog-jaob], K, same as 

Dog-knawper [daog-nau-pni^], 
W., the beadle of a church : so 
called from one of his duties — 
that of driving stray dogs out of 
the church during service-time. 

Dog-lowp [daog-laowp], N,, a 
narrow space left between two 
contiguous houses, to allow for 


IDog-oot-ov, >'., to obuiu by 
persistant importunity. ' He 
didn't want tl gl ink't, had Ah 
lloy'd it wil'n him..' 
' Dop-tired [dat^-teyud], exe<:as- 
ively fetigUBd ■ worn out with 
walking or labour. ' Ah sail 
eleop weel tl ueet, for Ah's doy- 

Doit [litioyt], N. and W., any- 
thing dinunutive : a pi?m.y ; 
used generally duplieutively for 
tlie sake of emphasis, a common 
mode in KolderueaH, as, ' What a 
Untie (UtUe) dnt of a foUa he is.' 

Soited {dooytid], 14. and W., pp. 
demented ; imbecile. ' He must 
be doitfd te gaa on seeoh.' 

Doity [daoytil, N. and W., a 
eimpluton. ' What a 'lioitg thoo 
inu«t be tl let him get thi brass 
(money) fre tb3 i' tnat way.' 

Ddly-tub [daoli-tuob], a harKl- 
■baped machine for washing 
clotaoa whicli are stirred about 
'with % pronged-instrument, 
called a dolly-ttkk. 

Sou [daon], v. to do on clothing ; 
i, e. to drasa. 

Bo&nat [daon-ut] , N. , a do-nBug:h t ; 
nn idle, worthlesa woman. 

Soo [doo-], N. and W., a derc 

Dooavan, [iluo'h'vn], N., a short, 
light Bleep. 

Doon [doo-n], £., on the road to. 
' Let's gan doon Pnthrington '— 
Let us go on the Patrington-road. 
The same oxpreHsion is used eroa 
if the road ia up-hiH. Also, N. 
and W. as well, m tie neighbour- 
hood of, a^, ' Ho lives doon Hom- 

Booa-Y-mooth [doo'n-i-moo^th], 
p|i. diapirit«d ; lamenting over a 

DoOBe fdoo-s], V. to Baturatc, or 
drench with water. This irord 
is sometimes pronounced Dowse 

I [d*0W8]. 

Doothmp [Uoo-Uuii]>], Dow- 
Uiorpe, a Holdemess village. 

Dos [doo-i], N., doings ; actionB j 
dealings. ' Let's hE fair iJoj (deal- 
ings) ua then wo ool get on.' 

Doit [dsos]. E. and N., v. to 
shake out {hay or straw). Se» 
Dob, N. 

Dot [daotl. dirt. 'The'8 nowt 
outside bud wot and dot' (rain 

Dotty [daot-i], adj. dirty; alao 
mean ; dishonourable ; paltry. 
'It was a daUt) thrick on him tl 
choeat a poor widila I' that way, 
bud he's a dMy fella altcgither.' 

Donble-keeak [.luobl-kiL'k, 
or kaek], a oake made of two 
layers of pastry with cummta 
or jam between. 

Donled [daowlil], X., flat or stale, 
*a applied to mult-liquors, &c. 

Dow[daow], N. andE., v. to suo- 
ceed in business ; todowell. 'He 
nivvor eoem'd te dow V that shop.' 
'He nceathor dees nor doiirt^ is 
a variation of the meaning, i. e. 
he neither dies nor recovers, but 
he same state of ill- 

Dowled [doowld], E., pp. ex- 
hausted by exertion; fatigued; 
tirod out. See Dawl. 

Dowly [daowli], rwlj. dispirited; 
dismal : downcast ; also lonely, 
with reference to a place. ' Ah d 
a doirli/ time on't when Ah wm 
ao badly' (ill). 'It's a T»rry 
doiflff spot wheear he lives.' 

Down-dinner [daown-din'ur'l, 
N., a mid-day meal in the field. 

Dows-fo'-nowt [daowz-funowt], 
N. ' That (argument or aeser~ 
tion)tio(t'«-/o'-HOU7(,'(.e. is worth- 
less, inapplicable, or not to tho 

DowUi«r[daow-lhur'], a daughter. 
■ Laban answered to him, my 



dowyters and eon.* — Wydiffts 

Doz [daoz], N., V. to shake out 
of me ear (of corn) by reason of 
over-ripeness. *Iiauf o' that 
wheeat 'U doz oot afoor we get it 
hoeam.* See Doss, E. 

Dozzent [daoz'nt], dare not. 
Used also as p. t. 

Bubbler [duob'lur], X., a large 

Duckey [duok*i], a drink ; a temi 
used by or to a child. 

Duds [duodz], sb. pi. clothes ; 
apparel. Almost obsolete. 

Duffy [duofi], X. and K, a sim- 

Duggen [duog-n], p. p. of to diy. 

Dulbart [duolbut], E.; Dulbat, 
N. : Dulbad, W., a dunce; a boy 
dull at learning. 

Dull [duol], adj. low-spirited; 
sad. Also, lonely ; dreary ; se- 
cluded. *Ah felt varry dull 

' «fther he went away.' *It's a 
varry dull spot wheear he's gone 
ti live.' 

Dumps, r the [duompsl, cast 
^owa ; disheartened ; gloomy ; 
depressed in spirit. In Shak- 
spere^s time it appears to have 
had an opposite meaning, as in 
Jiomeo and Juliet^ Act ly, sc. v.: 
* play me some merry dump to 
comfort me.* 

Dundher-beead [duon-dhur'i-h'd], 
a blockhead. 

Duudber-knowl [duon-dhu- 
naowl], the same as Dundher- 

Easins Fce-zinz], E.; Eeasins, N. 
and W., the eaves of a house; 
also, the legal right of rain drop- 
ping from the eaves. 

Ebb [eb], N., v. to gather fish- 
bait : so termed on account of its 
being done whilst the tide is 

Edge [ej], a sharp appetite. 
* Leeak hoo he digs inti pie ; he's 
getten a good edge on.* 

Edgy [ej'i], adj. eager; auxious. 

Ee [ee], the eye. PL een and 
ees. * With two blered eyen,* — 
I^iers Plowman f B. v. 191. 

Eeavil-ee [i-h*vil-ee-], K. and 
W., the e\'il eye cast bv witches 
on persons or animals they desire 
to bewitch : the belief in which 
still lingers in Holdemess. 

E'en [ee-n], evening. 

Eftber-a-bit[ef thur'-u-bit], short- 
ly; after a while. Lit. after a 
bit of time. 

Eftberclap [efthullaap], X. and 
W., ulterior consequences. 

Efther- cummers [ef-thu-kuom*- 
uz], E. and W., visitors; strang- 

Efthermath [ef'thu-maath], the 
second growth of grass. 

Egg-an-coUop Mundah [eg-un- 
kaol'up-Muon'du], same as Col- 

Egg^ [<^g'i"]> inciting, persuad- 
ing. * Thoo taks a deeal o* egg- 
in to get thS started.' 

Egg[-on [eg-aonl, to urge ; incite^ 
stimulate. A.S. eggian, to sharp- 
en or instigate. 

Eh mon, or mun [ae-mun], an ex- 
clamation preluding startling 
or pleasing news. * Eh mon ! 
maisthor's gin m^ a shillin to 
spend at fair.* 

Eldin [eldin], E., fuel. 

Em [urn], pron. them. Hera is 
commonly used by Wyclif, 
Chaucer, &c. 

Enden [en-dn], p. p. of to end. 

End -on [end-aon*], straightfor- 
ward with speed. * He was gan- 
nin alang end-on y helther skel- 

Eneeaf, [unih'f], adv. enough. 


■ EneB&f, ailj. sufficiently cuokcd. 
Eneugh [iineir], same as Eaeoaf 
Bathry [i.irthri], N. und W., 

a poroli or ontmiiue Ut u house. 

A short tal'de-tae, lone, or alley, 

Eah [esli], to flog. Ho termeil 

from the twig ot the ash, usod 

tot that [lurpotie. 
Sren-doon [nc'vn-Joo-u], qnite; 

entirely. • Hu's uvn-JiAiii I'uoil, 

is that lad.' 
Ljhrt [iwt], N., p. p. of to owe. 

I In [fill, prep. for. ' la that ik 

o trot gently. ' Doeaiit cantier. 
hud j list /aiijc' Also, towiilkwith 
difficulty through lurpuleocy. 

fag^t [fnu^-ut], a vile, dis- 
tepntub^i disagrsBahle woman la 
twined on awd /ayyot. 

Pair [ fe-h'r'l, adv. completely ; en- 
tirely. ' It fuir beents me to 
kaaw hoo thej lire.' 


' Plftf- 'Noo! neeoh cheeatin; 

■ Ufa M/air awiiei/.' 

W'Pliliah [fe-hVlah], adv. nioder- 

' Klely well in health. 'Hoo is 

ikit Oh I /airM.' Also, fairly 

adTanced ; making progress. 

■ Ah's gettin on fairith wl job.' 

Ptldlteral [fiMl-dhnr'nal], a taw- 
dry gormeut; a piece of wortb- 
lesB nnery. 

Pftldheral, N., a falsehood. 

PaldheralB, women's frippery. 
' Noo then, get thy /aWitraU 
on, fta let's bo off te mahket.' 

Pallap [faai'up], t. to tlap or 
blow about, aa linen hanging to 
dry, on a windy diiy, or tne sail 
of a ship in a Htorm. 

Fan, or Fand [I'aan], p. t. of to 
~ find, ' It waan't lang afoor Ah 

I /an meant (meaning) on't.' 

Faaoical [faau-sikl],adj. fanciful; 

capricious; whimsical. 
Fantidet [faan-tikuh], N. and 

W., sb. pi. frocklos. 
Far-aneeaf [foar'-unih'f], at a 

distance, ' Ah wish thoo'd been 

/•ir-fiiiefiif anil thou thoo wadn't 

bf bwUkeii tliat pitcher.' 
Fare [fae-r'], v, to thrive ; to aub- 

BiBt; to hve upon, 'lle'll/ure 

Tarry wecl o' tliat wage.' 
Faall [faash], E., the long hair of 

a hiii-»j'H U'gH. Also, adj. hairy. 

' His legs is Tarry /aah .' 
Fash, K,, V. t.i strive eagerly; to 

tiike trouble in the exM^ution of 

anything. ' Deitant/unA thysen 

aboot it.' k 
FaSBaOB-tuesda [faaa-unz-teu-- 

zdu], N., Shrove-iHiesduy. 
Fasten [faiis-n], p. p. of lo/ast. 
Fat-heead [faat-ili'd], N, and 

W.; [faat-ee-d].E.,a8tupiddolt, 

Fat- hen [faat-en*], goose-grass 

Faud [fau'd], a fold for cattle. 

Fand-gaath [fau'd-giwth], the 
fold- yard of a farmstead ; an en- 
closed straw-yurd where cattle 
are folded in winter. 

Fanf [fau-f], N. and E,, fallow, 
land : nearly obsolete in E, 

Fanse [fau's], £., adj. proud ; 
Tain ; boasttul. ' Ah's think 5-ouV 
fine and fame noo you've getten 
a gran'son.' This word is never 
need in N. or E. in the sense of 
' false,' or 'cunning,' as given by 

Faut [faul], a fault. 

Panther [fau-thur'], E.,v. to dress 
barley. ' She' (amochine) ' both 
wiiidlon. (winnows) an faulhers 



Fayther [fe-h'dhor], father. 

^ FaytherleM and mutherless ; 

born wY-oot a Bkin. 
Spak when it com inti wold, 
bud niwer 9pak sin.' 

HolderneM Conundrum, 

Feeaoen [fi'h'sn], p. p. of to face. 
Feeahd [fi'h'dj, afraid. See 

Feeallie [fih'li], R and W., a 
kind or patronizing way of ad- 
dressing an imbecile person. 
' What nez thft fun noo, feeallie y 
at thoo*8 pickin up ? * 

Feeast [fi-h'st], N., a festered or 
suppurated wound or sore. 

Feeat-ball [fi*h't-baa-l], the game 
of foot-ball. l)b was formerly 
customary at Beverley to have a 
great game, on the Freemen's 
pasture of Westwood, on the 
Sunday preceding the races, to 
which came the farm-lads for 
miles round. About 50 years 
ago the magistrates determined 
to put down this desecration of 
the Sabbath, and issued notices 
forbidding the sport, at the same 
time swearing in a large body of 
special constables; nevertheless 
the foot-ballers assembled as 
usual, only in greater numbers, 
and the ball was thrown on the 
turf, when a general fight took 
place between them and the con- 
stables, resulting eventually in 
the victory of the latter, and 
since then the Sunday football 
playing has not been repeated. 

Feeat-fooak [fih't-fuo'h'k], pe- 

Feeat-it [fi*h*t-it], to go on foot ; 
to walk. 'Ah went tY Hedon 
last Sunda, an feeaUd'it all way 
there an back.' 

Feeden [fee*dn], p. p. of to feed, 

Feedin [fee-din], adj. nourishing. 
* Whotmeeal's (oatmeal's) a yarry 
feedin thing.' 

Feelen [fee'ln], p. p. of to feeL 

Felfer [felfur'j, the fieldfare. 

Fell [fell, N. and E., a knock- 
down blow. * If thoo disn't 'mind 
(take care) Ah sal be givin thil 
a fell inoo * (soon). 

Felve [felv], one of the curved 
pieces of wood forming the rim 
of a wheel ; a felloe. 

Fend [fend], energy or persever- 
ance m making a livelihood. *He 
disn't seem to mak a bito'/cwd,' — 
he does not appear to make any 
effort to succeed. 

Fend, v. to procure sustenance. 
* Ah f ends fo' mjnsen,*-— I get my 
own living, or Tnaintain mysell 

Fendable [fen'duobl], adj. in- 
dustrious; able to mc^e a living; 
apt in contriving. 

Fend-off [fend-aof], v. to parry ; 
to ward off ; to guard against ; 
to avert. 

Fest [fest] hiring or earnest- 
money, given to make fast, or 
ratify an engagement. A.S. 
foBstniaUf to fasten. Dan. fouU" 
penge, the /e^fiw^-penny. 

Fetch [fech*], to fetch in respira- 
tion IS to breathe with difficulty. 

Fetch, v. to give or deliver (a 
blow). * Ah fetched him a crack 
owad heead an that sattl'd him.' 

Fettle [fet-1], E. and W., con- 
dition. ' Jack's gannin tY run a 
race wi' Bob next Sunda ; an he 
seems to be I good fettle fo't.' 
See Fittle. 

Fettle, V. (1) to prepare; to ar- 
range; to make fit; to put in 
order. Identical with the Ameri- 
can word — ^to fix. 'Machine's 
geean wrang an getten oot of 
odher, but Ab'll aeeajo. fettle iV 

*Yett neither Bobin Hood nor 

Sir Guy, 
Them fettled to flye away.' 

Ballad of Robin Hood and Sir 
Guy of Oisborn, 



[3) to flniah or complete a thing. 
'Ah mud fmight) ns weel /etUe 
it off ami M deean wiv it.' (3) 
to conquer in a fight, or argu- 
ment. ' We hail n set-to rind Ah 
aeean /dlFd him off.' (4) E.. to 
settle, or put an ond to ill-feelinp. 
' Ah'll hring thfl a fairin an that'll 
feltk tha.' 

Pew [fwf, fiw], ndj. a small 
quantity, as, ■ a fetu broth ; ' ' a 
/ew porridge ; ' 'a good ^ftw.' 
a considerable, indeterminato 

Fey [ley], V. to winnow the chaff 
from the grain. 

Feyn-fta-glad [feyn-nn-ciload], 

ii.vceoihugly pleaaed. In N , and 

E.yi,,,., or/t.A.1. 

..Fezzle-on [fcz-l-aou], N., v. to 

^ ikU to n^th a good will. ' Ah 

H on at yance.' 
Tesxoa-on [fez-n-aon], E. find N., 
almoet identical with Fezzle-on 
(N.). Also, to Buatch at ; to 
attack boldly. ' That's a shanp 
leeakio dog thoo's gcttcn ; wad 
he/r:;on-oii a. rafr Lit. fasten 

Kok [fik], a kicking or convul- 

ive motion of tha log in dying. 

He jiiat ga three /ij:j and then 

■- 'd'Cdied). 

ik, V. to kick impotently in a 
Btrugele with n BUperior power. 
■ Ahll Jirli whahl Ah dee afoor 
Ah let him got it fro ma.' 

[fij], :N. and W., v. to 
move ubimt restlesely, unooaily ; 
to become excited by irritation ; 
tofi^t 'Can't tha sit still on 
not JUlge aboot i' that wayf 

Fidge-fadge^ffij-faj], a alow, easy 
pace in walking or riding ; v, to 
goalongdilatonly.oraluggishly ■ 
BomBtbmg between running ana 

Figger [fig-ur'], the appearance 

S resented by a person tawdrily 
roaaed, or m bad tasto, or die- 
figured by accident. ' What a 
Jigger thoo is wl thy black ee and 
that cloot tied nboot tiiy heead 1" 
Also, E., a tiresome child. 
' Thoo lahtlo figger, thoo ! let oat 
aloean and deeant pull her taQ, 
or she'll scrat tha.' 

File [faayl], ' a deep awd file,' — 
one who attains his ends by cun- 
ning or shrewdness. 

Fill-dyke [fil-dpyk], the month 
of February. 
' February, fiU-dylie ; 
Fill with either block or white. 
March muok it oot 
With a besom and a clout' 

FUlen[fiI'n], p. p. of to/«. 

Fine [faayn], adj. as adv. very; 
exceedingly. ' Ah'a fine an 
hung-ry,' K. 'Ho'sjJfieon fausa 

proud of hia now horse. 
Fine-tl-daeaii [fanyn-ti-di-h|, ex- 
citoment; uproar; rqoicmga; 
explosions of wrath or anger. 
' tIibc was a fine-tl-dttah (do) 
whoa they com whom (home) 
fro their weddin thrip.' ' Thoo 
hez deean it noo : let all yal ma 
ooto'biurel; waeant thor bojJna 
te-dmik when thy fuyther comoa 

Fing-er-an-toea [fing-nr-nn- 
tno'h'z], a disease in turnips in 
■which the hulh erowe forked in 
shape. 8pencor, the entomologist 
of HuU, in im2. puhhshed 
' Observations on the Disease in 
Turnips, termed in Iloldemesa 
Fingers <iiid Toet.' 

Fiimik [fin-ik], E. and W. ; Fia- 
uoek, N., V. to trifle or dawdle 
about a job; to execute work in 
a fastidious manner, wasting 
time over minuto and unneces- 
sary details. 



Fire-eldin [fey'ur*-el*din], K, 

wood used for lighting fires. 

Fire-&ng'd [fey-u-faangd], N. 
and W., spout in cooking, as by 
the gravy getting burnt, or by 
a piece of wood being left in the 
oven which imparts a scorched 
GT fiery flavour to the food. 

Fit [fit], adj. ready ; completed. 
* Is tha fit ^ * — are you dressed 
and prepared for going? *Is 

• taties fitV — are the potatoes 
ready or sufficiently cooked ? 

Pit, V. to suit ; to satisfy ; to be 
sufficient for. /That'll ^Msi fit 
Tom,* — that will be precisely 
what Tom requires. 

Fittle [fit-1], K and E., v. same 
as Fettle. 

Fiz-gpig ffiz-gig], a female, who 
although not disreputable or im- 
moral, has some objectionable 
peculiarities, such as tale-bear- 
mg, gossiping, accompanied by 
scandal, &c. * Oh hor ! An 
wadn't beleeav a wod sike an 
awdfiz-gig as that says.' 

Fil-pg, E. and N., v. to do any- 
thing in a slow, tedious, or im- 
skilful manner. 

Flacker [flaak-ur'J, a flutter; a 
rustle as of birds wings. 

Flacker v. to flutter. * Ther was 
a lot o* bods altegither, an didn't 
they ^acA^, mun, when Ah let 
gun off amang em P ' 

Flacket [flaak-it], a small cask- 
shaped vessel for holding beer, 
and carried slung over the 
shoulder, for use in the harvest- 
field, &c. 

Flags [flaagz],sb. pi. the flagstone, 
side-pavements of a street. 

Fla-krake [flae-kre-h^k], a scare- 
crow. Norse, krdka, a crow. 
Icel. flc^'ay to put to flight. 

Flam [flaam], E. and W., a cheat ; 
asuoterfuge; a shift; a shuffling 
pretext. Also, cajolery ; flattery. 

Flam, X. and E., a broad-brimmed 
hat. * Sun's si parlus hot, Ahll 
put ml fiam on,' 

Flammock [flaamuk], E. and W., 
V. to go m a rougn, untidy, or 
slovenly manner. 'Ah deean't 
knaw hoo thoo hez brass (dar- 
ing) to gan flammockin siboot 

Flang [flaang], p. t. of to flitig. 

Flange [flaanzh], E., the brim of 

a hat 
Flannin [flaan*in], flanneL 

Flap [flaap], V. to close or shut 
with violence. 'Shut deear or 
if 11 fiap teea, ther's sike a wind.' 
' Qun an fasson back shuth-ers, 
they* re flappin aboot like onny- 

Flat [flaatj, E., a flat-iron for 
ironing Imen. * Put us a flat V 

Flay [flae-], to frighten; to 
make afraid. 

' And assayles men night and day 
With the loft hand them to fliayJ* 

L 1267, Hampole, Prick of 

Flay'd [fle;h'd,flae-dl, adj. afraid; 
representing a less degree of fear 
than terror. In the West Riding 
they have the expressive word 
^ay-some, fearful. 

Fleck't [flekt], adj. mottled; 

Flee [flee-], a fly. 

Flee, v. to fly. 

Fleer [fli-h*r'], v. to knock down 
on the floor. * If thoo says that 
ageean Ah*\l fleer tha.' 

Fleer, W., v. to deride ; to mock. 
In N. and W., to defeat in an 

Fleety [fleeti], or Flighty [fley- 
ti], adj. slightly deranged in in- 
tellect. *0h. Bob! he's a bit 
fleety; you mooant tak onny 
nooatice o* what he says.' 

llul.OfJItNK.SS (iLOrfSAKY. 

■Flick [llikj, a Hitch (oflmcon). 
' SutTietiraes u baciin fliek, 
ThaX is threa inchoB tliitk.' 

Skelton's Volin CIviil. 

Flig'd [aigd], pKt. fleiigwl. 

Flig'd-an-flown [Higd-ua-flaown], 
nil exprossiifn madu uso of to im- 
ply tllft flight from the ne*t of 
young liinii Also, flgumtively, 
of outs who has abscouilod. 

Flighty, See FUety. 

Fling [flinj!], V. to throw off. 
■ Can tha fflt JUiiy .' ' i. r. Can you 
retain your seat when thrown 
from your horse ? is uskod uf il 
youDg lii>T8eman n-hen learning 
to ride. A anmiile of Iliddcino&s 
I humour, 
rlUng. 'Ho iiiun luk Jiis jliug' 

. ia said ot one who rujocts the 
advice of hia frionds, and per- 
Hista in an evil course of life. 

Fling, £., adj. perpend icidarly 
jMnilleL 'Why this yat-pfist 
isn't Jiiiig wl t'other.' 

Flip [flip], impfrtinenee. 'Give 
us neean o' thi /.>, or thoo'U be 
all waosfo't,' 

Flipe [fleyp], tlie brim of a hat. 

Flit [flit], V. to pass away ; to 
remove from one house to another. 
Dan. JlffUe, to change the place 
of dwelling. 

FUte [tley-t], K and W., to bcoM, 
or reprimand A.8, Jti'lan, to 

Fluff [fiuof], light, fcitliery, or 
downy particles. 

Fluke [Hoo'k], a species of po- 

Flmmnatygtimptioii [flviomtiti- 
guom-p'shiin], an agitatod stuto 
of mind; alwi, a vjolontperspira- 

Flttmmoz [Hiiora-uks], v. to 
overcome ; to defuat in an argu- 
ment: to confound, or perplex 
an antagonist, ' He bother'd ma 

, ft lang while wiv his crack-jiiw 

wimIs bud at last Ah Jiummuy-i 
him wl plain Hthruit-foirad YtSrk- 

Flnmmoz'd, p. p. of t^y ^hvuiiox, 
to be reduced to a state of pcr- 

Flnngeu [iluongni'nl, p. p. of to 

FlnBh [lluosh], oJj. opulent; ' 
abundant in money. ' -\h deeau't 
knnw wheear his money cums 
fra, bud he seems yarry Jluili,' 

Flnsthad [iluo3'tlmd|, pp. ^- 
tated ; excited ; hurriud ; heated 
with passifin. ' Deeant Jlutthfr 
thysen seeah ; ' otherwise, ' Dee- 
ant put thysen I' sike a Jluilher.' 

Flnsther [flnos-thur']; Florthra- 
tion [fluoa'thrae'shun], a flut- 
ter ; a peiplexitj- ; an excited 
state of mind, 

Fly-by-Bky [ilaay-bi-skaay], E., 
a giddy, thoughtless, unatalile 
fomalo ; also, an over-dressed 

Fog [fftou], autumn-grown grass, 
aft«r the huy-harvost. 

Foggy, or Foggy-fost [faogi- 
faost], N. and W., the first in- 
ningtt in a game. 

Fogo [fau'gau], N. and W,, an 
unpleasant smell ; a stench. ■ To 
kick up a/w/o' is to raise an of- 
fensive odour. The Sussex word 
l4'«jii has the same moaning. 

Foirt [faoyat] ; Foi>ty [faoysti], 
adj. musty: stale. 

Fond [faondl, adj. foolish ; silly ; 
idiotic in a leaser degree. Ilftrm- 
loss idiots are called ' Fond Jack, 
Fomt Jim,' &c. ' As fond as a 
besom,' and ' an faiid as a yat,' 


are common Holdemass Smiles. 
' A rod in Afonde (foolish) man's 
hand.' — Ascham's Schclemasttr. 
'Fondt and filthy talk.'— /6. 

Fond-brauant [faond-braaE-nt], 
adj. and adv. brazen-faced ; im- 
pudent; lacking die sense of 
shame, accompanied by shallow- 
ness of brain. ' Smith lad, d'ye 
meeanP be'sreeal/oiuf-frrouanjl; 
he's sham'd o' nowt, and he's a 
feeal inti bahgan.' 

Fondnefli [faondnua], foolish- 

rond-pleeaf [faoad-plih'fl, N. 

and W. On Plough -Monday, 
fanning lads, fantastically dress- 
ed, one as a pantomime- clown, 
another in female garb, called 
Buom-Bel, go roima the towns 
and yiUages, dragging along a 
plough, from which the plough- 
share has been removed, stopping 
occasionally to perform a nida 
morrice-dance round their imple- 
ment of labour, the clown ex- 
hibiting uncouth antics and ut- 
tering rustic jokes, when the 
inhabitants say, 'Here's fond- 
pltmf cum,' and give them half- 
pence, whidi is spent in a carouse 
m the evening. 3ee Floo-lads. 

Fondy [faon-di], a simpleton. 
' Noo ikem, fondy, keep tbi rattle- 
thrap cart o' reet side o' rooad.' 

Fondy, W. and E.,agood-natured, 
kind, almost affectionate appella- 
tion, when addressing a uarm- 
less, half-witted person. 

Fooaae-pnt [fuo-L'a-poot], a com- 
pulsion; an urgent exigency; 
an inevitable necessity. ' Hoo is 
it 'at he com to wed a lass like 
hor? Why it swiams it was a 
fooace-put; there was summat I' 
back-gmnd, bud Ah deean't 
knaw what it was.' 

Fooakest [fuo'h'kest], v. to pre- 
dict or foretell. Used chiefly in 
reference to coming weather. 

Foo«l-f«eat [fuo-h'1-fi-h't], the 
herb colt's-foot (tuuilago), lit, 

Fooamad [fuoh'mud], a pol».cat. 
Mid. Eng. foumart. 

Fooaak [fuo'h'ke], sb. pL folks ; 
the members of a household, as 
distinguished from people gener- 
ally. 'It's oor fooalu' weahin 
day, at yam (home) te-day, 
eeeah Ah's tonn'd oot o' deears, 
te be oot o' way,' 

Foondhsd [foo-ndhud], S., pp. 
dying of cold. 'Let's cum tlfeyr; 
Ail's otajnoat foondhad.' 

Foondher [foondhur'], N., v. to 
freeze ; to perish with gold. Gae- 
lic, funntain, excessive cold. — 
Macleod's Gaelic Did. 

FooTeldhera [fao-h'r-eldhuz], 
sb. pi. ancestors. 

Foor-end [fuo-h'r-eDd], the spring- 
time or fore-end oT the ^ear; 
also, the fore-part of anything. 

Foot [fuot], a measure of length, 
both sing, and pi. ' That three 
(treo), An aud say, was fotty [40) 
foot high.' 

For^-robin [faor'kin-raob-in], 
an earwig. 

Foirage [faor'ij], v. to make dili- 
gent search ; to investigate tho- 
roughly. ' Ab'll forrage it oot an 
get tl boddom on't.' 

Fo' aaatan [fu-saa-tn], adv. for 
certain; assuredly; withpoaitiTe 
knowledge. 'An think seeah, 
bud Ah deeant knaw fo' taatan.' 

Fo'fleeak [fusih'k], t. to forsake. 

F06t-end [faoet-end], the begin- 

Fother [faodhur"], fodder; cattle 

Fother-np [faodhur'-nop], t. to 
place lood for horses tit cattle in 


tho stable-racks the lust thing at 

Fotnit [fnofnit] ; Potnith [faot-- 

nith], a fortnight. 
Foi^rhten [faowtn], p. p. of to 

Eowt [faowt], a fool. 
Towt, p. t of ioji'jltt. 
Ittixty [fftokail aJv. having au 
offoDSivo smell like a fnx. 

Poy [fnoy], N., the net of reniler- 
-.. _ .- . -^ taking chot^ 

Pra ffrel, prei'. from. Only tised 
inthiBlormtorminally. 'Whiireso 
1 !», whareao I sytt, whatso I 
doo, the mynd of the Sauo3're of 
the name of Iheau denirtis 
noehte fra my mynde.' — Itich. 
Bollo do Euiupole, Ftmc Tren- 
tiHi, p. 2. See Frev and Fro'. 

Trail [fre-h'l], E. lad N., a flaiL 
h'mj, V. to arrangi' 
f doing anything; tii 
display capability of execution. 
'Dis tha think he'll manish it? 
Ah deeant knuw, mtibby he ^tH ; 
hn/riiniee -wecl oneoaf.' 

Framen [fre-h'mu'n], p. p, of to 

Frammation [fre'li'mat'*a]iun], 
E. and N.. contrivance ; deaigu; 
plan ; devie*. 

Fraze [frne-z], p. t. otto/rec^c. 

Pre' [fre], prep. from. See Prev. 

Freeten'd [free-tu'nd], adv. afmid ; 

r dhruDk, bud just 

Preeh-watber [freah-waath-ur''^. 
spring- us distinguished from 

Pre-tter [fruthur'], N. and ^Y., 

adv. from there, or that place. 

^^^ 'A Bollicton (Burlington) chap. 

^^^L is he ? Ah thowt he com /rc-thrr.' 

Prev [fr6v]. prep. from. Used 
before voweia only ; as fr/ ia 

Prid^ [irii], V. to chafe; to ex- 
coriate ; to wear by friction. 

Prigary [frig'ur'i], N., a wbim; 
caprice, or fit of ill- temper. 
'Uind what you're aboot, Imb; 
mavBther's Iv yan o' tae frigariet 

Frigglo [fri«l}, N. and W., v. 

to do anything ia a sibling, 

slow, or awkward way. 
ProfF [fraofl, fiflth. 'M^oo Ah'U 
■ ytha.aa 

another on some work, and in 
drinking loft about a third of 
the liquor at the bottom of the 

Prooangfl [froo-unzli], N*., a 
BtroU, or rauiblo ; v. to stroll, or 

Proosy [froo'zi], adj. a term 
applied to a fat, eloveuly, and 

Prozien [fmoz'n], pp. frozen. 
Pramlin [iVuom-lin], adj. un- 
handy. 'He's nobbot tt/runilin 

Fnuniuaty irruomuti], a prepar- 
ation of wheat, which is ' cree'd ' 
in the oven, boiled in milk and 
spicod, and eaten on Christmiut 
eve ; also, in E., on New Tear's 

Prnmrnaty-Bweat [fmom-uti- 

swi'h't], a state of foar, trepida- 
tion, anxiety, apprehensioD, or 
dread, ' He's let boss stummle, 
an she's brokken her knees, aa 
ho'H in a roglar /riimmati/-iwmt 
nboot what maisther 11 say when 
he knaws.' 
Fnimmle [fniom-l], v. to work 
without aptitude. 



Fmmmle, v. to crease a smooth 
surface ; to cnish up, as a sheet 
of paper in the hand. 

Fmnmlement [fruon-1-ment], a 
confused mass; a conglomera- 

Fry [fraa*y], the viscera of a pig, 
or other animal, generally cooked 
in a fryinc-pan. A fovourite 
dish in Holdemess. 

FnfF [fuot], N. and E., the noise 
caused by the sudden escape of 
air from a barrel of fermented 

Fuff, N. and E., v. to make the 
sound of escaping air. 

Fuffy [fuof-i], K and E., adj. 
light ; puffed up. See Nuggy. 

Ftill-as-a-tick [fuol-uz-u-tik], 

filled to repletion — referring to 
the stomach. 

FtQl-as-it-conld-cram [fuol-uz-it- 

kuod-craam], completely full. 

Fnll-bang [fuol-baang], adv. 
headlong; with determined en- 
ergy. * Ah meead up m! mahnd 
t! deeah it, an then went at it 
fuJl-hang,* See Full-dhrive and 
Full- slap. 

FtQl-dhrive [fuol-dhraayv], adv. 
same as FuU-bang, but used 
more generally in reference to 
progression, walking, or riding. 

Fnllock [fuol'uk], violent energy; 
abrupt force; a sudden deter- 
mined rush. * Oss went at yat 
(gate) wiv a reglar fullocky an it 
brast (burst) reet off crewks.* 

Fnllock, V. to jerk ; in the game 
of marbles, to dart the marble 
forward instead of impelling it 
by the knuckle. 

Full-pelt [fuol-pelt], W., adv. at 
full speed. * He started o&fuU- 

Fnll-slap [fuol-slaap], adv. same 
as Full-bang and Full-dhrive. 

Fnll-sthritch ffuol-sthrich], adv. 

at the utmost speed, that is, 
with the greatest stretch of limb. 

Fnll-tY-bnng [fuol-tu-buong], 
N. and W., pp. drusk; com- 
pletely intoxicated. 

Fully, V. to make plaits, or 
* gathers.' * Thoo's fuUyin that 
goon body a deeal ower mich.' 

Fnmmle [fuom*l], v. to do any- 
thing awkwardly; to attempt 
anything without the ability to 
execute it. * Poor awd man! he's 
past wuak ; he cums intl ahop 
bud can nobbot fummie aboot, 
wi'oot deein onny good.' 

Fun [fuon]. v. to find : used in all 
persons of the past tense of the 
ind. mood, although fan is more 
generally employed in the past 

Fnnkas [fuongkus], E., a don- 
key. In W. Holdemess, Bunkos 
is occasionally used, but very 
rarely. See Fuzzack. 

For [faor*], a furrow in a plough- 
ed field. 

Fur, W., adv. for. * Hoo fur is*t 
tl Awbruff ? ' — what distance is 
it to Aldborough? 

Furrer [fur-ur], W. ; Farer, N., 

adv. farther. * Ah went furrer 
nor (than) he did.' 

Furrest [fur-ist], N. and W., 

Fushan [fuosh-n] ; Fustiiiy N^ 


* Oh my awd fushan britches 
They are worn oot o* stitches, 
An they hing a danglin a doon-a.' 

Holderness Sang, 

In an inventory of the chattels of 
Sir Thoa. Boynton of Barmston, 
Holdemess, made in 1581, oc* 
curs : * Item, a paire of fuschan 

Fussy [fuos-i], E. and W., adp. 
conceited; self-important. *Did 
yS iwer V y*r life see onnybody 
sY fussy as awd Giles aboot his 
new paintid waggon ? * 



Fsss^-bags [ruoa'i-baiigi|, an of- 
ficiousperson; amisohiot-maker. 

Fu>ty[fiios-t'i].ai]j.niiiflty; fetid; 
stole: geDoralljr applied to tnalt- 
liquora. or Tesaeia pontnining 
tlioin. Also, flour, when kept tou 

Tnziack [fuoz'iik],adonkc;. See 

Fnzzy [I'lioziJ.adj. apungy; plaa- 
tic ; imjii'e.taible. 

Ga [gaa], V. p, t. of to ;/iiv. 'He 
gd md atiuuDUt ti tok an it meead 
ma weeL' Used only bcl'oro cou- 
sonanta. See Oa,v. 

Oaatli [gaa-th], a j-ard, or incloa- 
ure. Ab, /aud-gaalh, fold-yard ; 
»taggath , atack-yard> £g. ; bouio- 
timea pronounced short, aa ill tbo 
latter illiiatnition, but only in 
compound irords. 

Gab [gaab], N., eaucy, importi- 

Gad [naad], N., aa much com aa 
a wrge rake (a jiiw.i/Ae-rfiiv) 
gatbers at one dragging. 

Gaffer [gaaf'ur'], E., master, or 
sa^rintendent of workmen. 
TbiB word is Bcavcely known in 
W., but when used implies a 
venerable old man of a humble 
position in life. Qy. an abbrevi- 
ation of grand/a tber. 

[Kafl7ii],pp.goint!. 'Ah'a 
gahin yam.' 

Qftin [ge'h'n, gae'n], adj. and tutv. 
handy. ' Oainttt moad'a owor 
hill.' 'It's varrj- ga(n for deein 
owt o' that Booart.' See Nigli- 


Oain-band [gae-n-aand], adv. 
Dear by. Wo have also, jui'iier- 
hanil, and gahuet-hand. 

Gwr [geh'r-], N. When a field is 
not rectangular, the piece left 
after ploughing tho rectangle is 
termed a gair, or guniit. leel. 

. geirr, a spear, hoaco a pointed 


fi-om A.S. jdr, a spear ; cf. a gore 
in a dreas — an inaortion in the 
shape of an elongated triangle. 

GaUibank [gaalil>auk], a trans- 
verse bar in the chimney, or over 
the fire-place, from which the 
' reckons and pothooks are bub- 

Galli-hEUided [gaali-aau'dicl]. If., 
adj. left-handed. 

Gallimawfry [gaal'imau'fn], N. 
and E., a gathering, or aet of 
persons or things. Generally 
used in an unfavourable sense. 
' Ah'll pack all galHmaufty on 
em off.' Also, foolish talk. 

GoUiTantill fgaal'ivaan'tinj.prea. 
p, going about in the pursuit of 
pli-naure or gaiety ; gossiping. 

Galloway [gaol-uwae-], a pony. 

GallowBes [gaalus-i^], sb. pi. 
braces or ausrenders. Sam Slick. 
in The AllarXf, speaks of mend- 
ing his giiUnioara. 

G al the r b 1 a*h [gflnl dhublaaah'l, 
E., silly talk. See Baldherdaali. 

Gam, adv. plucky; enei^etic ; 
ciinibinod with readiness of will. 
■ la tha gam for gannin pooachin 

Game-paw [yedi'm-pau'], E. and 
N., a lame leg. 

Gammy [Raamn], E. and N., 
grundm other. 

Gan [gMu], V. to go. A.S. g<in 
and g'l'igaii. 

Ganyen (^nang-uu], p. p. of to go. 

GanneiB [^nan'uz], sb. pi. goera. 
' Comers and ganrtm.' 

Gannim-on [gaaninz-aonl, sb. pL 
doinga ; acta. ' There a beea 
some foyn gannina-vfi amang em,' 

Oan-wir [gaan-wiv], to pay ad- 
dresses to, or go with one of the 
opposite eex in the way of court- 

Gapetawman [gaepsau ' mun], 



E., a, L:>iBtoroufi person 

Qapenme [gih'psu'm], £., adj. 
inclined to yawn. ' Ah mun off 
tl bed. Ah feels vacrjr yaptiome.' 

Oamenfgaa-nuz], E., sb. pi. that 
part of the tower of a church 
from which the spira springs. In 
Beveral churches in E. H, there ia 
a narrow walking-apace pro- 
tected bj a low parapet round 
Uie base of the spire. 

Ounish [gaa-nishj, W., a fee for- 
merly paid by prisoners, on enter- 
ing, to the gaoler, which aeems to 
have been shared with the other 
'Then in com the gaoler and 

thus ho did say, 
" Noo, my lad, as thoo's munner, 
for thy jar III* A thou mun pay. ' 
Ilolilernttt 8<nig. 

Owth. SeeOaath. 

OaakilUl [gaas'kinz], If., sb. pL 
the thighs of a horse. 

Ghite [gch't, gi'h't, gao-t], (1) a 
way, or street. A.8. geat. In 
Tork, Beverley, Hull, ftc, many 
of the streets are called gala, as 
Goodram-ffrtie, in Tork — Outh- 
rum's street. (2) A right of 
pasturage, cither hold as a free- 
man's right or by payment. 
(3) W., mode; method; way. 
'Gang yer gate' — do as you 
please, or in your own way. 

Oanfre-iroiu, a bivolred iron 
mould with long handles, in 
which gau/ret are baked on the 

QaufreB [gau'furz], V!.,lit. wafers, 
cakes made of batter, with ohev- 
roaed surface. 

OaT, p. t.' of to giiv. See 09. 

Oarel [gae-vl^, W., an ohaoleta 
word, signiiymg tribute or rent, 
from A. 8. gf/o!. A street in 
BeTOrloy is called ToU-Oavel, 
where probably the town dues or 
passing tolls wore received 

Oawby [^jau-bi], a simpleton. 
Gawby, adj. foolish. 'She's vairy 

Chiwk [gauk], N. and W., the 

core of an apple. .S«e Cawk and 


at noo, thoo greeat gawky t ' 

Gawky, adj. awkward ; stupid ; 
uncouth ; clownish. 

Gawm [i;au-m], E., sense; wit; 
tact. ' He hezn't a bit o' gawm 
aboot him.' This word has a 
meaning in E. precisely oppo- 
sito to that in other portions of 
the district. See infra. 

Gavm, N. and W., v, to stare 
vacantly. Soe Oawve. 

Oawmin [gauinin], adj. staring ; 

Oawmleas [gauTolus], £., adj. 
without sense, or tact. ' He waa 
that gaurmleu he lot him her it 
for a pund less 'n he gi fot.' 

Oawmy [gaumi], a simpleton ; 
In N., also, Qomo. 

Etavp [gau-p], T. to stare about 

Gawsak [gau silk], E,, v. to gos- 

S; to trifle. "She's been jnio- 
in aboot all day,' 
Gawshack [L;au'shuk],E., a sim- 
pleton ; also, a goshawk. 
Gawrandhra [gau'vaandhru], N. 
and E., a staring simpleton. See 


GaTT6 [gau'vl, V. to stare vacant- 
ly or foolishly ; to act in a blun- 
dering manner. ' Leeak hoo he 
gawvti aboot.' 

Gawvin [gau-rin], adj. blunder- 
ing; staring. 

Gawviflon [gau-via-u'n], a half- 
witted person ; a gaping clown. 



(Jawvy [gau'vi], same aa (Jaw- 

Gtesj [gi'h'r*], E., v. to put tho 
harness on a horse. * It's aboot 
time we was off tl gear* 

G^rin [gih'rin], harness ; also, 
the leather strap-work of a mill. 

Gtee [jee*], a word of command to 
a horse to torn to the right, as 
hawve is to the left. 

Oeean [gi'h'n], p. p. of to go, 

Oeeapsimon [gi*h'p-saay*man], 
N. See Gapesawman. 

Oeeapy [gi*li*pi], adj. same as 

Oeeavle [srl-h'vl], N., a gable. 

In E. and W. geeable. 

Gteen [gee-n], E., pp. given. See 

Gen [gen], V. (1) to frot; to repine 
peevishly. (2) to grin. *Ah 
nivver heea*a sike a bayn te geti 
as that is.' 

Oendher [jen*dhiir^], the green 
matter floating on stagnant 
water in summer. See IDuck.- 

G^nnin [gen -in], repining; cry- 
ing; fretting. 

Genny [geni], adj. peevish; 
fretfdl ; and in the case of children, 
apt to cry for trifline troubles. 
* He*8 as genny as a Dear wiv a 
sore lug.* 

Genny-g^bs [gen-i-gibz], a mur- 
muring, discontented, peevish 

Cter [ger], v. get Used when 
the next word begins with a 
vowel, as, * Chr oot,' said to a 

Ges [ges], grass. Also Gress. 

Oether [gedh-ur^], v. (1) to gather; 
(2) to collect togetner si^dent 
com for a sheaf, which is ' bound ' 
by a person following. * Mi fey- 
ther maws (mows), my muther 

getJiers, Ah maks bands, an oor 
Jack bYnds.' 

Getherin [gedh-ur'in], (1) the 
operation of collecting com into 
sheaves; (2) a church collec- 
tion ; (3) an ulcerous swelling. 

Gethers [gedh-uz], the plaits of a 
woman s dress. 

Getten [get*n], pp. got; be- 

Gew-gaw [geugyaaw], a Jew's 
(jaw's) harp ; sometimes called a 

Gheeast, Ghooast [gib'st, 

guo'h'st], a ghost 

Gi [gi], V. give. Used only 
before consonants. 

Gib, Cteb [gib, geb], the hooked 
end of a stick. 

Gibby-stick [gibi-stik], N. and 
E., a hookeii stick. 

Gif [gifl, conj. if. * Gtf they 
ass (ask) wheear Ah cum fra.' — 
Holaernesa Song. 

Gift [gift], a white spot on a 
flnger-nail, supposed to indicate 
a coming gifb. 

' A gift on the thumb is seer tl 

Bud yan (one) on the finger is 

seer tX linger.' 

Holdertiess Proverb, 
In E. H. the word gift is confined 
to the spots on the tiiumb, those 
on the fingers being called re- 
spectively, * friend,' *foe,' * lover,' 
* journey to go.' 

Gilt [gilt], a young female pig 
that has not littered. A spaved 
gilt is one that has been cut; 
an open gilt^^one that has not 
been cut. 

Gimmer [gimur'], an ewe lamb. 
Oimmer'Shearling, one that has 
not been shorn. See Tup. 

GY-mooth [gi-moo*th], v. imp. 
speak out ; shout. ' Deean't be 
freeten'd, lad ; gi-mooth ! * 



Oipsey [gip'si], N. and W., a 
spring of water, issuing fiK>in the 
earth with great force. 

Oive-ageean [giv-ugi-h'n]. Bread 

is said to give-ageean when it 
loses its pristine crispness, and 
becomes soft and moist. 

Oivo-ower [giv-aow-h'r], v. imp. 
cease; desist. 

Oizen [gaaj-zn], E. and W., v. to 

Olave [glehV], K; Glafe, K, 

adj. smooth ; slippery. 
Olazner [glaaz*nur'], a glazier. 
Olazzen [glaazn], v. to glaze. 
Oleeaves [gli-h'vz], sb. pL gloves. 

Oled [gled], W., a kite. So 
callod from its gliding motion in 
the air without apparent motion 
of the wings. 

Oleg [gleg], E., a gadfly. See 

Oleg, a sly glance. 

Oleg, v. to give a sidelong glance. 

Olent, Glint [dlent, dUnt], a 
glimpse. 'Ah just gat a glent 
on him.' 

Glib [dlib], adj. and adv. easy ; 
easily;; freeljr. Used adverb- 
ially in the adjective form. 

Glim [dlim], adj. feeble ; dim ; 
said of a light. A diminutive 
of glimmer, * This cannle leet*s 
varry glim te neet,* East H. 

Glooam [gluo-h'm], N., v. to 

Glooamin [dluo'h'min], W., twi- 
light ; dusk. Not much used. 

Glooar [dluoh'r'}; v. to stare, or 
gaze mtently, rudely, lascivi- 
ously, or frowningly. 

Glowpin [dlaow'pin], W., adj. 
staring. Almost obsolete. 

Glompy, Glum [dluom*pi], adj. 
, sullen ; taciturn ; out of temper. 

Gob [gaob], the mouth. 'Shut 
thy gob,' 'Hod thy gob^' cease 

Gobfol [gaob'fuol], a mouthful. 

Goblock [gaob'luk], expectorated 

Gobsticks [gaob'stiks], N. and 
E., sb. pi. wooden spoons used 
by farm-servants in drinking 
broth, &c. Possibly a corrup- 
tion of gowp-«tick. See Gowp. 

Go-fell [guoh'-fel], W., an ex- 
clamation of pleased surprise. 
* Oo-fell ! lass, thoo is feyn an 

Ctoggie [gaogi] ; Awd Goggie, W., 

a hobgoblin who haunts woods 
and orchards, and is made use of 
as a protector of the fruit, children 
being told that if they go near 
such a tree * Awd Ooggie is seer 
to get em.' 

Goldey [gaowl*di], a goldfinch ; a 

Gollock [gaol-uk], W. ; OoUin 
[gaol'in], and Golloi)rgaol*up], 
Si . ; Golly [gaol'i], E"., an tm- 
fledged bird ; generally called a 
' bare gollock,* &c. 

Gomeril [gom-ur'il], W., a wit- 
less person. 

Gomo [gau'mau], N., a simpleton. 

Gooak [guo'h'k], the core of an 
apple or pear. See Cawk and 

Gooal [guo'h'l'], a sudden gust of 

Gooal, K and W., v. to blow 
suddenly and boisterously; to 
howl. Applied only to the wind. 

Gooave [guo-h'v], K and W., v. 
to stare about vacantly. Also, 
N., to do an3rthing awkwardly. 

Good [guod], V. to congratulate 
oneself by anticipation. *Ah 
was goodin mysen 'at ml awd 
man wad bring m^ a new goon 
fre toon, bud Ah .was misteean.' 

dood-bit-Bin [ijiKKl-liit^sin], a long 
timo ago. 

Good-feast-day [guwl-frh'st-iiao], 
East'T Sunday. Formerly, if 
nut Htjll, in use about UoruHtia. 

Good-few [guod-feu'], an indefi- 
nite, but comparatively large, 
number. ' Ther' was a good-few 
fooaka at cbotch {church) this 

Good' fo'-nowt [i^uod-fu-naowt], 
a wortlileaa person. 

Goodin [guodin], E. 'Going a 
j/ooilin ' is going round to fami 
and other aouses at Chrietmiut 
time, boggini; money or oatablua. 

Goodish [guod'ish], adj. pretty 
good ; moderately large, long, 
&c. ' lie's been a goodiek while 
I yau (ono) pleeace.' 

Goodish-few, a considerable uum- 

Good-like [ijuod-leykj.ftdj. good- 
loukiug, ' He's as giHiil-!il.-e a 
chap as you'll find iv a day's 

Good-mind [guod-maayiid],a hnlf- 
resolved will. 

Good-pieoe-sen [guod'pee's-son], 

Oood-iatUns [guod-saflinz], E., 
eiwe ; wimfort. ' He takfl good- 
luttiiit,' ho takoB his ease. 

Goodtahinill [snod-taaminl. N., 
pp. goingabout soliciting Chriat- 
mas-boiea in rcmembranoe of the 
good timt. See Ooodin. 

y . , 

a hawportn o' goody.' 
Gor-bleaad [gaot'-bli'h'd], Jf,, adj. 

bearaeared with blood. 
Gorrom [gaor'urn], E., a worm. 

A tijriii used by boys. 
Gote [ttnu-t], N. See Holdstock. 
Gowdy-gripet [gaowdi-greypH-], 
_ N., advantage; pecuniary gain. 
• ' Ho didn't git mich gowdy-griptt 
■Dot o' that Safagan..' 


Gowk [gaowk], a variation of 

Gowp [gaowp], N., V. to scoop 

or hollow out. 
Gowpanful [gaow ■ paaiif uoll , a 

handfuL Icel. gaupn, used to 

denote the bands held together 

inabowl-likeform. — Cleasbyand 

Gox [gaoks]. By Gox t E. and W., 

int. an exclamation of wonder. 
Grahmlno'-Bnaw [i{Taa'miD-u- 

snau'], N,, a alight Hprinkling of 

Grank [ymnk], N., v. to mur- 
mur; to complain despondently. 

Granky [granki], N., adj. (1) 
slightly unwell. flJ) croaa-tem- 
pered. (3) despondent 

Grave |2re-hV, grae-v], v. to 
dig with a spade, in the way of 
turning up the earth for garden- 
ing purpoees, in which ca^e the 
votadig is seldom or never used, 
but is employed when speaking 
of 'rfi'yt/fii ft hooal.'or 'digginMp 
reeata of a three' (tree). 

Graven [gre-h'vn], p. p. of to 

Grease [frroo-s] ; Greeai« [grih'a], 
tiftttery; sycophantic oduhition; 
simulated affection. 'She pre- 
tended to bo varry luwiu, bud 
it's nowt had greratc; it's brass 
(raonoy)awd woman hez to leoaTO 
at she luTB.' 

Grease, v, to flatter; to fawn 

Grease, or Greease-hom [grih'a- 
aun], a hypocritical flatterer. 

Grease-hom, a horn of grease, 
hung beneath waggons for the 
purpose of lubricaUng the wheels 
on a journey. 

Oreeat |>iftl. N. and W.; 
Great. £. and N., adj. intimate; 
on friendly t«rma. ' Oor lad ui 
your's is yarry jreMi just noo,* 



Oreedy-g^ts [gree'di-guots], a 
glutton; also, an avaricious or 
covetous person. 

Greets [greets], N. and W., sb. 
pi. the grain of oats prepared for 
culinary purposes. (Generally 
spoken of as * whotmeeal greets. 

Qre^ [greg], W., an eructation of 
wind from the stomach. Children 
say, * Ah let a greg,* 

Greg, W., V. to belch. 

Orey-backfl [gracbaaks], sb. pi. 
a species of lice in the hair of 
children's heads. See Louse- 

Orime [graayni], E. and W. ; 
Grahm [graa'm], N., soot; v. 
to blacken. 

Orimin o' snaw, £. and W. See 
Grahmin o' snaw. 

Chip [grip], a narrow ditch cut 
across fields to carry off surplus 

* Hero we cum as tejrt as nip ; 
We ni wer fell ower bud yance iv 
a grip,* 

Holder nes8 Harvest Song, 

Orisely [graayzli], E., adj. dirty; 
half washed. * You leoak (look) 
varry gristly this mornin ; ha ya 
weshed yersen ? * In N. grisly, 

Grizly [griz'li], dark and lower- 
ing, or dirty (weather). 

Orob [graob], * a labile groh^ a 
diminutive child, or person of 
small stature. 

Orobble [graob -1], v. (1) to pick 
out; to work in a bungling way 
with insufficient tools. *II<b 
grohbled a brick oot o' wall wK 
nowt bud a nail.* (2) To search 
for, or investigate, by probing. 
Connected with grtiby grope, 

Grobblin [qraob'lin], poking; 

Groo [groc], N., adj. sullen ; mo- 
rose — in reference to persons; 

gloomy — in reference to the 

Grossy [graos-i], W. and E., adj. 

green and vigorous : applied to 

vegetation. la N., stout: applied 

to persons. 
Grov [graov], p. t. of to grave 

Growen [graovn], p. p. of to 


Growsome [graowsum], N., adj. 
growing. * Orowaome weather.' 

Gnim [gruom], adj. surly. 

Gmmmle-gnts [gruom -l-guots], 

a peevish grumbler. *Nowt 
pleases him, he's a reglar grum- 

GnunptiotLS [gniompshus], E., 
adj. irritable ; sullen ; inclined to 

Gnrn, Gnmd [gruon, gruond], the 
groimd. Also, p. t. of to grind, 

Gnmded [gniondid], p. p. of to 


Gmnstan [gruon-stu'n], a grind- 
Gnmtin and Greeanin [gruon*- 

tin-un-^'h'nin], pp. talMng in 
a gi'owlmg, grumbhng manner. 

Gmt [gruot], N., the small refuse 
of a limestone-quarry. 

Gmt [gruot], E., adj. great. 
* What a gnU lie.* 

Guide-thy-sen [gaayd-dhi-sen], v. 
imp. behave pi-operly; control 

Guide-stowp [gaayd-staowp], a 
direction-post. In E., frequently 

Guidher [gaaydhur'], a sinew, or 

Guile [gaayl], N., a channel on 
the beach, which the high-tide 
fills, leaving a small island with- 

Goile-vat, the tub in which malt- 
liquor is placed for fermentation. 
In N. Oarl'/at, 


Quut tgiu»-tt], N. See Oair. 

Oattle [guot'Il, V. to Rorge ; to 
eat voraciously. See also Bszsle. 
1 [qnftyn], pp. going. 

^^^B PropOTly. H, initiHl, bas no 

^^^V&laI^e in u Glossary of tlio IIol- 

^^^Kaerneaa Dialect, ae the aspirata 

^^^Via unknown, excepting wncn it 

^^^Bia used to give emphasis. Still 

^^^■it is neeessuy to give this un- 

^^H^ Bounded letter as a prefix t« mnny 

vords, which otherwise would oo 

«carcely intelli^ble, but it must 

be clearly understood that, ox- 

ceptinR emphntioally. it ia silent. 

In ]^. it is uever aspirated undur 

any circumstance. 

Haad-by [aa'd-btwy], adv. hard 

by: neav; in close proximity. 

Haadlius [an-d-linx]. adv.acatcely ; 

hEirdly. ■ Ah can ha<idliia cram- 

uilo (crawl) aUng.' 

H&ad o-hearin [aa-d-ii-ih'rin], 

bard of bearing; nither deaf. 
Haad Bet [Fuid-sot], N. and W., 
scarcely able ; with difficailty ; 
hardly. ' Ah'a haard-iet ti live 
o' that wage.' 
HaadteU [aad-tel], W„v. heard 
Bay ; hoard bv report. " Ah'v 
hmd-Ull that she's neea brth-Pr 
then she sud be,*^I have heard 
it said that her chornctor is not 
■Itogether irreproachable. In 
N. and E. hetad-MI. 
Haan't [aent], have not. 
Habi-an-naba [luibz-un-tmabz]. E. 
andN. AnythinR done in odd 
manionta or at interrabi of lei- 
sure, not continuously, is said 
to bo done by haht-an-iinbt. 
Hsoker [niik'ur'l, v. to stammpr; 

■ to speak hesitatingly, or with 
••mbarrassnient ; soinetiuies it is 
duplicated. ' What is thS hid:. 
•1*111 an 8t*mmerin aboot ? Ahcan't 
tell at ftll what thoo's dhrivin at.' 
Baekln-blook [aakin-blook], n 

block of wood for chopping meat 

Haokle [aok-l]. * He's getten a 
rare luickte on his baci,' 1. 1. ho ia 
very fat. 

Hack-meeat [ftak-mi'h't], minced 

Hack-slanrer [aak-slaavur], E., 

a worthless fellow. ' What can 
lass mvean hi takkin up w) «ka 
a AncA-rfaFrrr as that!'' 

Hadn't-need [and n'nt-neod]. 
This expression is used occaston- 
nlly ta denoto Iho non-necessity 
or unad\ iflabilily of doing any- 
thing, but more generally and 
especially when it is attended 
with danger, hasird, or risk. 
' Ho hadn't-nerd let him ho' brass 
(money), for if he diz he'll niTTer 
see it ui maro.' 

Hafier [aaf-ui''], 7. to speak atam- 
meringly or hesitatingly. 

H8£g:ls [ang'11. Bb. pi. hail-stonea. 
A.S, hagol. hail. 

Haggle, V. to hail. * We moant 
(must not) gnn oot just yit (at 
present), it's beginnin te haggle.' 

Hag-WOmiDi [aag-waorum], a 
><pecies of snake or adder. 

Haimi [ob'niz], sK pt. the wood- 
en part of the collar of a cart- 
horse. See Tama. 

Hain't [eli'nt]. have not. 'Mid- 
dle ? Ah deeant knaw if Ah can ; 
Ah hain't nivver tliried," This 
form is nc'ver used, as in the 
south, for am not. 

Hairiff^e'r'uf],E.; Haimp fae-- 
rur],W.; Harif [aa'r'uf], N., 
gooBo-grass; called *1bo catch- 
weed, cleaver, tongue ■bleeder, 
and, by children, Bweetheatts. 

Hake [eh'k, ae-k], y. to wander 
without occupation or with aril 

Haleheeam [ae-l-i-Vml, N., a& 
beirioom. ' Awd ai:e(idlo's been 



a haJeheeain i famly fo* ginera- 

Hales [ae*lz],Bb. pL the handles of 
ploughs, wheel-barrows, &c. 

Halesome [aol'8um],adj. healthy ; 

Halli - thesd^ fidr [aal i thezdu- 
faeT], Holy-Thursday fair, held 
at Beverley. 

Hammer [aam-ur*], E. and W., v. 
to stammer. Same as Hacker. 

Hammer, v. to flog. 

Hammle [aam'll, v. to walk halt- 
ingly, or feebly, through lame- 
ness or age. * Poor awd fellow ! 
he can haadly hammle alang.' 

Hammlin [aam*lin],adj. decrepit; 
feeble; infirm. 

Han-breed [aan-brih'd], a hand's 

Hanch [aansh], E., v. to push 
against; to attempt with vio- 
lence. * Bull hanclid at mS wiv 
his horns, bud Ah gat oot of his 
way.' In Norfolk, hunch. 

Hanch, N., v. to snatch greedily 
at as a dog at a piece of meat 

Hand-hod [aan'd-aod], afirm hold 
with the hand. * Hez tha gotten 
a good haiid-hody for if thoo 
hezn't it'll slip away fre tha.' 

Hang-dog-leeak [aang-daog- 
li'h'k], a knavish look, sufficient 
to cause a dog to bo hung. 

Hangen [baang*un], p. p. of to 


Hang-gallows-leeak [aang-gal - 

us-lih'k], a villainous aspect. 

Hangment [aang-ment] evil; ca- 
lamity; adversity; injur3\ *This 
dhry weather's playin hangment 
wf tonnops.' 

Hangment, X., int. an expletive 
of annoyiiuco. * I/angmeiit tiv it, 
says Ah.' 

Hanketcher faangkechur'], a 
handkorcliiof. Shakospere makes 

use of the word handkercher in 
King John^ Act IV. so. i. 42. 

Hankie [aang-k'l], v. to twist; 
to become entangled. 

Hankie, v. to associate with; to 
enter into a matrimonial engage- 
ment. *Ah'8 varry eony she's 
getten hankled wf sike a slither- 
pooak (lazy vagabond) as him.' 

Hansel [aan'sul], N. and W. See 

Hap [aap], v. to cover, op wn^ 

Happen [aap-n], p. p. of to ?iap. 

Happen, v. used conjunctively; 
it may happen, equivalent to 
perhaps. * Happen, BUI '11 cum 
whom (home) next week.' See 

Happin [aap* in], bed-dothea. 

Hap-np [aap-uop], v. to cover up 
snugly, as with bed-clothes, or 
(a corpse) with earth. * Ah didn't 
get mich sleep last neet, it was 
se cawd, an Ah wasn't hauf happed 
up.* * We happ*d awd woman up 
quite cumfotably I' chetch-yard, 
last Monday.' 

Harden [aa-du'n], a coarse, un- 
bleached flaxen fabric, used for 

Harra-bnlls [aar-u-buolz], N., sb. 
pi. that portion of a wooden-har- 
row in which the iron-teeth are 

Harridge [aarij], the angle of a 
square or cube: applied more 
especially by builders and car- 
penters to timber or stona A 
corruption of arris , which see in 
Webster's Diet. The etym, is 
from the Latin arista, 

Harridge, v. to plane off the har- 
ridge^ or angle. 

Harried faarid], N., pp. wearied; 
jaded; harassed. 

Harrow'd [aarud], E., p. p. 
beaten; overcome; discomfited; 


obatraoted by an imiffidiment. 
'Ah thowt Ah could lowzeli this 
knut, but Ah'a boon tl bo liar- 
■ Hairy [aar-i], N.j v. to urge, im- 
pel, drive, or hmTy on. 

Harry-goad [aari-gau-d], N., a 
DiMter of lubour, who is con- 
tinually goading or epuning on 
his workmen to [jreatcr esertiou. 

Hask [aasli]. adj. Btilf or uoyield- 
ing. Lit. larih, a word in which 
or denotes ou, there being no r 
in it properly, Cf. Icel. haikr, 
harsh. Also, bitter; tart; acid, 
n referonce to liquids. 'Give 
jiother lumi 
teea'n ee AaaJ 

Haten [e-h'tu], p. p. of to liale. 

Hathril, E. and N. Sec Atbera 

Hanf [au'i-], half. 

Haaf-oroos [auf-kroon], a balf- 

, ailj. reluctant ; 

Hanflah [au-liahl, i 
diainclined ; half- 

thowt o' gannint) Ilodon t«-day, 
but this rein make mfl varry 
hanjiih aboot it.' 

Hanf-rock't [auf-raokt], adj. A 
simple, half-witted person is ho 
termed on the assumptioa that 
hia intellect had been weakened 
by lock of aulSDient rooking in 
the cradla. Originally rl/-rock~ 
til, of which hail/, or insuffi- 
ciently rocked, ia a comiptinn 
both in tho word iteolf and in tho 
popular definite on. 

Hanf-ilew'd [au-f-a!oo-d], adj. 

Haup's'y [an-p'ni], a half-penny. 

Hantt [au'Bl],'adj. hoarse. See 

Haverish [aavur'ifih], stubble. 
Sou Averieh. 

Hawk [au'k], V. to cough voltm- 
tarily for the expectoration of 

He- [e] 


Hawbuck [au-buok], a rustic. So 
cuUod by town boys ; the Tillage 
boys calling them, in retaliation, 

!aze [e'h'z], t. to beat, as with a 
hazel -stick. 

Ah'd he' deean 
_. __, .__ _ Ah'd thowt he 
wadnt.' This form ia used bo- 
fore consonants ; before vowels 
it becomes lirv. Bometimes it ia 
used in a superfluous or dupli- 
cate form as, 'If he'd ho' geean' 
— if he had have gone, 

Heart-Bkets, sb. yd. the fleshy 
appendages of the heart. 

Hearty [aati], adj. well; in a 
vigoTOUB state of health. Ttoros- 
by, the Leeds Antiquary, in a 
letter ('Correspondence of B. T,') 
describes himself as being ■ pretty 

Hearty, a familiar mode of saluta- 
tion. ' Hoo is tha, my hearty.' 

Heayy-oeeds [evi-needx], N., sb. 
pi. straightened circumstances. 
Also, pressure of business ren- 
dering assistance necessary, 

Heavy-on [evi-aon], laden too 
heavily on tho fore-part of a cart, 
which causes the load to press 
heoi-ily on tho horse ; as opposed 
to Leet OH, which causes an up- 
ward preaaure of the shafts, 

Hebble [eb-1], a hand-rail to a 
bridge, &c. 

Heck [ek], the spelled rack over 
the manger for holding hay. 
Also, a spelled standing rack 
(stand'AfcAr) in a field, or the fold- 
yard, for the same purpose. 

Heckle [ek-1], N., an implement 
used in rope-making. Also, £., 
a board studded with steel spikes 
employed in fiox-dressiug. This 
is probably an importation from 
the West Riding, being nsod 
chiefly abont Fatrington. where 
a Leeds gnn of Linen llaautac- 



turers have somo flax-dresAing 

Heckle, y. to dre^ts flax. 

Heckler [ek-lur*], a flax-dresser. 

Heckthor [ek-thur'l, v. to issue 
orders or commands in an arro- 
gant or domineering style. De- 
rived, possibly, from Hector of 
Troy; but how his name can 
have penetrated into Iloldemess 
is a mystery. The Rev. W. W. 
Skeat supposes that the English 
alliterative romance of the * Siege 
of Troy' belongs to the North of 
England, whence perhaps the 

Hedded [ed*id], p. t. of to hide. 
Hedden [ed'n], p. p. of to hide, 

Hed-o [eJ'au], a boy's out-door 

fame, in which they alternately 
ido themselves, and have to be 
sought for by their companions. 

Heead-land [i*h*d-or ee-d-lund], 
a strip of land left unploughod 
at the ends of the field, and after- 
wards ploughed in a contrary 

Heead-piece [i-h'd- or ed-peo-s], 

brain-power ; intellect. * What 
a heeod-piece skeeal maysther 
must hev tt knaw so monny 
crack-jaw wods.' 

Heead-tell [i'h'd-tcl]. See Haad- 

Heead-waak [l*h'd-waa*k], head- 

Heead-waak, lit. head- work ; 

mental labour. * Jleead-waak^s 
as laboursome as back waak.' — 
Holdeniess saying. 

Heead-waak, the scarlet corn- 
poppy; 80 called becaiise it is 
popularly supposed (E. and N.) 
to cause head -ache by its smell ; 
in W., by the intonsitj^ of its 
scarlet- colour, through itfl daz- 
zling efi<3ct on the eyes. 

Heealen [ih'lu'n], N. and W., 

p. p. of to heal. 

Heeal-lot [i*h'l-laot], N., a con- 
siderable number. ' The' was a 
heecd-lot o' fooaks there.' 

Hee' as tY yH [i-h'a-tiy-ul here's 
to you. A mode of salatation 
before drinking, eqniTalent to 
the Saxon tocu^hael, meaning, — 
here's to your good health. 

Heft [eft], the handle of a knife, 
scythe, or other implement 

Heighty-ou J[ey*ti-aos], a child's 
name for a horse. 

Helm [elm, or el'om], a long shed 
used as a shelter for cattle, 
^nerally applied to those open- 
mg upon the fold-yard. It has 
a flat roof, on which are built 
stacks of straw to throw, as re- 
quired, into the fold-yard, or 
uioms for fencing. In W. the 
term is almost exclusively applied 
to sheds, with an open fVont to 
the fold-yard, built at the end of 
the barn, on which stacks of com 
are placed, from which the 
sheaves are pitched through the 
* shav-hooal (a door in the gable 
of the bam) for thrashing. In 
E. any cattle-shed or tool-house 
is so called; derived from the 
A.S. Itelm, a covering; whence 
also h^lmetf a head-covering. 

Helpen [elp*n], p. p. of to help, 

Helther - skelther [el thu-skel- 

thur*], adv. confusedly; head- 
long ; precipitately ; in disorder : 
used in reference to flight. ' Just 
when dogs pinned him' (the bidl 
at a baiting) * he brak lowse, an 
iwory body pelted off, helther- 
skeltheTy like mad.' 

Hem [um], pron. them. Wyclif, 
Langland, Mandoville, Chaucer, 
and other early writers generally 
use this word. 

Hen-corn [en-kaun], refuse, or in- 
ferior grain, which falls from 
the hinder part of the thrash- 
ing or winnowing machine. See 



Heppen [epn], E., adj. clever; 
handy; fitting; suitable; ap^- 
eite; becoming: identical with 
the French, * Comme il faut/ no 
English word exactly defining 
the meaning. * That leeaks hep- 
pener* is said when anything 
falling into disorder is satisfac- 
torily arranged. 

Here-aboots [i-h'r-uboo'ts], adv. 
near by. * Isn't ther a yaU-hoos 
Bumwheear here-aboots $ * 

Here-away [i-h'r-awae-], N., adv. 
Same as Here-aboots. 

Herrin-gutted [er-in-guotid], adj. 
thin; poor; lean; emaciated. 

Herrin-seu [erin-seu*], the heron. 
Chaucer, in the Squire^s Tale, 
speaks of heronsetves, and Spen- 
ser calls them hemshawa, 

Hes-been [ez-been], a term ap- 
plied to a worn-out or decrepit 
person, animal, or implement, 
that has at one time been useful 
and serviceable. * Poor awd fel- 
la ! a good awd hes-been, bud 
he's deean for noo.' 

Hasp [espl, a crooked iron gate- 
lateh. Chaucer uses the word 
for the hinge of a door. 

Hes-t^ [ez-tu], N. and W. ; Hez- 
tha, E., hast thou. 

He't?[et], have it. 

Hev [ev], have. Before a con- 
sonant Ht^. 

Hey [ey], adv. yes; an expres- 
sion of affirmation. The word 
yes is seldom heard in Holdor- 
noss, excepting when used by 
the educated classes, and not al- 
ways by them. 

Heyce [eys], E. ; Heist [eyst], 
N. and W. ; Hoish [aoysh], N., 
V. to raise, or lift up. * Boger ! 
lend us a hand to heyie (or heist) 
this seek o* floor inti caat.' Heyce 
is perhaps the better form. Of. 
hoise in Acts xxvii. 40. — ^W. W. 

Hezzle [ezl], the hazel. 

Hezzle, v. to castigate with a ha- 
zel or other stick. * If Ah cateh 
tha, my lad, Ah'U Jiezde thy hide 
fo' tha.» ^ 

Hezzlin [ezlin], a sound beating 
with a hazel or other pliable 

Hiand [aayu'nd], E., a farm- 

Hide [aayd], the skin. 'His 
hide*s as rough as a badger.' 
*If thoo disn't hod th! noise 
(keep still) Ah'U tan Jthl hide fo* 

Hidin [aaydin], a flogging. 

^S [ig], afit of ill-temper; sulki- 
noss ; sullen demeanour. 

High [aay], W., adj. decayed; 
putrihed: used in reference to 

High-rigg'd [aay-rig-d], lands, 
or the divisions of ploughing 
in a field, with a more than 
usually gradiented elevation in 
the middle are said to be high- 
rigg'd; also, buildings with high, 
steep roofs. 

Him [im], pron. be. So used 
when in conjimction with another 
pronoun, never otherwise, as — 
^ Him and me went together.' 
A common mode in other parte 
of England, amongst uneducated 
people, and even by persons 
tolerably well educate(( who 
also frequently make an opposito 
grammatical blunder, and say, 
' Between you and I.' 

Hindher-end [ii^'dhur'end], the 
back part. * Shuv it in at hind- 
her-eiid* (of the cart, &c.). 

Hindher-endfl. Same asHencorn. 

Hing [ing], v. to hang. 'That 
thou hyng noght to lajige' (not 
too long) * thare-appone.' — B. 
Bolle de Hampole, Prose 7*rea- 
tises, p. 41. 



Hing-aboot [ing-uboo't] , to haunt, 
or lounge about, a certain locality, 
in a lazy, persistent way, or with 
some e^ intention. 

Hing-lng [ing-luog], E., a poor, 
lean, emaciated horse-^/it. ear- 
drooping; hence a miserable, 
shiftless, spiritless person is so 

Eippins [ip'inz], sb. pL infant's 

Hirple [erpl], E., v. to bend 
down ; to limp, 

Hirplin [erplin], E., adj. bent ; 
stooping; limping. 

Hiry-hag [eyh*ri-aag], E., a boy's 
ffamo, in which several, joining 
hands, endeavour to catch 
another, who, when caught, is 
beaten with caps, the captors 
crying out — 

* Hiry — Hiry — Aa^, 
Put him in a bag,' &c. 

His-sen [iz-sen], pron. himself. 

Hit-on [it-aon-], to agree ; to har- 
monize in opinion; to come to 
terms. *We couldn't hit-on at 
all aboot price for a lang whaae ; 
bud at last Ah bowt (bought) 
it f6* fifteen pund.' 

Hit on it [it-aon-itj, to make a 
discovery ; to arrive at a correct 
elucidation; to ascertain a fisict. 
<Ah lated (sought] a lang time 
to laan what it meant, an efbher 
a deal o' fumlin, at last Ah hit 
on it.* 

Hitten [it-n], p. p. of to JiiL 

Hivy-Bkivy [aayvi-skaay-vi], E. 
and W., higgledy-piggledy; in 

Hoave [au'v], v. a word of com- 
mand to horses to bear to the 
left. See Gee. Hoave^gee, some- 
times with the addition of wo- 
hopy is an intimation to the 
team to go straight forward. 

Hoave, N. and W., v. to walk 

blunderingly or stupidly. ' Giles 
?ioav^d inti wrang shop, an' 
Roger hoav*d efther him.' In 
the old ballad of the battle of 
Otterbum, we read — 

' A Scottyshe knight hoved on the 

"Welsh hofio^ to hover. Whence 
the English word to hover. 

Hobble [aob'l], a scrape ; a 
troublesome prodicament. ' He's 

fetten his-sen intiv a pratty 

Hob-gob Faob-gaob], K, adj. 
clumsy; ill-adapted. 

Hob-thmst [aob'thruost], W., a 
good-natured goblin who assists 
servant-maids in their early 
morning work, but in a state of 
nudity. On one occasion, a girl, 
whose sense of modesty was 
shocked, offered to make him a 
• harden ' (coarse brown linen) 
shirt, whicn gave him such of- 
fence that he instantly departed 
and never returned. Called also 
hohthrush. This is Milton's * lub- 
ber-fiend* in L* Allegro, 

Hockey [aok-i], the last load in 
harvest ; formerly in use about 
Hornsea, but not much used now. 
It was followed by the men and 
boys shouting at intervals : 

* We hev her ; we hev her ; 

A coo in a tether ; 

At oor toon end ; 

A yow an a lamb ; 

A pot an a pan ; 

May we get seeaf in 

Wiv oor harvest yam ; 

Wiv a sup o' good yal, 

An sum haupence tt spend.* 
which was followed by loud hur- 
rahs, and, on arrival in the stack- 
yard, by scrambling for apples. 
Although the wora hockey is 
almost obsolete, the rhyme and 
the subsequent scrambling sur- 
vive at the bringing home of the 
last load. AnoQier version still 
prevalent is — 


WO cum ot oor toon end, 
F A pint o' yal tmd a croon tl 
tre we cum, as tight ae nip, 
&.n nivyer flung ower, bud yance 

iv a grip." 
Tbia is the Suffolk horkcij. Seo 
moomfieliTa Piktu*. 
Hooks [aoks], K^ the hips. 
Hod [aod], V. to hold. 'Talc 
hod o bays, while Ah sets kottla 
on.' ' Hod thi noiae,' be silent. 

(1 ) N. . hold or graap. ' Tak ffnod 
had on't, an deeant let it fall.' 

(2) the goal in a game. (3) a 
tenure holding, as h-aa-hud, 
copy- hud, leeas-Awi. 

Hodded [oodid], p. t. of to hold. 

Hodden [aod-n], p. p. of to h<i!d. 
' Ho couldn't no' hoddm pig 
mieb lang-er : if Jack budu't 
cum'd an belp'd liim it 'ud hi 
gotten awiiy.' 

Hod-OS [aod-aon-1, to retain a firm 

Hod-oot [aod-oo't], to bold out, 
with returencotoiiuantity. 'Ah's 
flaid WQ Ita'nt brew'd beer eueeaf, 
an it woo'aut hod-oot thrufi har- 

Hod-np [aod-uop'], a command to 
a horse to raise ita foot for the 
purpose of aboeing, £c. 

Hod-op, to bear up against mis- 
fortune or affliction with forti- 
tude and reaignatiou. 

Ho; [aog], a yearling male sheep. 
A noted pig-buyorio the Midland 
countieB was onoe attracted to 
Hull by adyertJBements respect- 
ing a, large sals of hinji, and was 
disguHteato find the hoga were 
all sheep. 

Hoither faoythiirl, N. and W., 
V. to talk in a foolish or imbocila 
way. See Ott-or. 

Hoitherin [aoythur'in], N. and 

Holt; [ftoyti], a simpleton. 

Hotdstock, [aow-1-staok], £., a 
small bridgB over a stream of 
water crossing a road. 

Holl [aow-l], N. and W., v. to 
throw, lit. to burl. 

HoU, E., adj. hollow ; empty ; 
hungry. ' Let's he summat tt 
eeat ; Ah's as hoU as a dbrum.' 

Hollow [aolaow], W". and E. ; 
HoUah [aol-u], N., int. uu ex- 
clamation of surprise, with the 
emphasis on the hist aylluhle. 

Holm [aowm], a sort of penin- 
Hiila, bounded by sn-amps or 
streams of water on the three 

Hon [aon], W., a word not in 
common use, but prevalent in 
sume partd of Yorkshire, to sig- 
nify a toraor field. In Bever- 
loy, one of the Freemen's Paa- 
tuTKS is called Hon, a corrup- 
tion of Hum, which, although 
dividod by a hedge, forms a 
comer of the groator pustura 
caUbd Weatwood. AS. hyrne, a 

Honey [uoni], a term of endear- 
mout or all'ection, usually ad- 
iiressod to children ; also by 
rustic swains to tboir sweet- 
hearts, and sometimes by hus- 
bands to their wives. 

Honey - good - graoiouB [uonii- 
guod-grae-abus], E. and N., an 
exclamation of surprise or as- 

Honey-pot« [uoni-paoUl, E. and 
W., a girl's game, in w'hich two 
carry a third, as a pot of honty to 

Hooak [uo'b'k], v. See Hawk. 

Hoo-gOOiB-it [oo-guoh'i!-it], how 
goes it. A motle of salutation, 
meaning, how are you getting 



Hooal [uo-h'l], (1) a hole. (2) a 
dale or valloy. (3) a grave. * We 
put liim intiY hoodie and happ'd 
him up, and that's end on him.' 

Hooast [uo'h'st^au'st], adj. hoarse, 
from a cold on the chest. See 
Haust. Note — //bo<Mt is a corrup- 
tion of 7*oar«c( A. S. ^««Vwhich(by 
rights) should be spelt hause, as 
there is no r in it etymologically. 

Hoonoe [oo-ns], N. and E., v. to 
drive off unceremoniously.- 

Hoond [oo'nd], a hound ; also, 
an emphatic term of reproach. 
* Thoo hoo7id/ tt talk i' that way 
tt tht awn muther; thoo owt 
ti be sham'd o' thysen.' 

Hoos [oo's], a house; also, the 
bettor room of a farm-house, 
which (formerlv more than now) 
consisted of tnree rooms in a 
line : first, the kitchen, with the 
door opening to the road, the 
gonoral living room of both 
Uiuiily and servants; secondly, 
the hooSf used only for companj'; 
thirdly, the parlour, where the 
master and mistress slept; the 
servants occupying the bod- rooms 
above, under the sloping thatch, 
which wore approached by a 
moveable step-ladder. 

Hoosumdiwer [oosumdivur*], 
N. and W., adv. however ; never- 

Hoothoo - an -noothoo [oodhoo- 
un-noo*dhoo], E. and N., adv. al- 
ternately ; first one and then the 
• other. ' They'r two reglar scally- 
brats (scolds), an went at it hoo- 
thoO'un-noothoo for a-noor (an 
hour) an mare ' (more). 

Hooy [uoy], a word used in 
driving pigs off. 

Hoppen [aopn], p. p. of to hop. 

Hopper - shakker [aop-u-shaak- 
ur'],E. andW., ascamp; a worth- 
less person. 

Hopple, [aopl], V. to hobble a 
horse by attaching a log to his 

leg to prevent his straying ; also, 
to tie the hind legs of a cow 
when being milked to prevent 
her kicking the pail over. 

Hopscotch [aop'skaoch], a boy's 
and girl's game, in which tiie 
pavement is chalked with nnm- 
bered cross lines, and a pebble, 
or more generally a piece of 
broken crockery is propelled on- 
ward by tiie foot, tixe performer 
hopping on one leg, the niimber 
reacned on the chalk-line being 
scored to him or her. 

Hop-the-twig [aop-twig], v. to 

Hor [aor*], pron. her ; snbjunc- 
tively, she. * If it was hor at 
said it. Ah wadn't beleeay a 
wod on't.* 

Hoskin [aoskin], X., a land, or 
division in the ploughing of a 
field, narrower than the rest. 

Ho88 [aos], a horse. 

Hoss-gog^ [aos-gaogzl, wild plums. 
A term used about Hornsea. 

Hossin-clog [aos'in-tlaogj, a log 
of wood, or other erection, used 
for mounting horses. 

Hoss-knops [aos-naops], N., the 
plant knapweed. 

Hot [act], V. to warm up cooked 

Hot, V. to hurt. 

Hotten [aot'n], p. p. of to hurt. 

Hovinggam [au-ving-gum], E., a 

stupid person. A.S. guma, IceL 
gumiy man. 
How [aow], a hoe. 

Hubbleshoo [uob-1-shoo*], E. and 
N., a noisy uproar or disturb- 
ance. * The's been a fSyn (fine) 
huhhleshoo V public-hoos te neet.' 
See Hullabaloo. 

Hncksthers [uksthuz], sb. pi. 
dealers in farm produce, wlio 
attend the markets to purchase 
from the producers for the pur- 



pose of retailing it out again to 
small customers. 

Hud-end [uod-end], the hob; 
iron plates on each side of the 
fire-grate, on which kettles and 
saucepans are placed to keep 
the contents hot after boiling. 

Hug [uog], V. to carry; to bear 
a burthen: generally referring 
to a heavy load. * Can th& hug 
a seek o* wheeat up granary 
steps ? ' 

Huggon [uog-un], E. and W., 
the hip-bone of a horse. ' Mind 
thou disn't knock a huggon off, 
gannin wi awd meear tlmiff that 
narrow deearsteed.' 

Hnlk [uolk], N., an idle fellow. 

Hullabaloo [uolu-buloo*]. Same 
as Hubbleshoo. 

Hum [uom], N., v. to beat, or 

Humlock [uom'luk], the hem- 

Hummer [uom'ur'], the river 
Humber. In East H., instead 
of *Go to Jericho,* the sa3rin^ 
equivalent thereto is * Gan ti 

Hummer, N., anything extraor- 
dinarily large in size. 

Hummin [uom'in], N., a flogging. 

Hummin, N., adj. of large size. 

Hommled Tuomld], E. and W., 
adj. hornless, as * a hummled 
coo,' a cow without horns. 

Humonrsome [eu'musu'm], witty; 

Huslock [oo'z-luk], the plant, 

HuBsle-off [uos'l-aof], v. to retreat 
precipitately ; to drive off. 

Hut [uot], W., the finder of a 
glove, used as a covering for a 
sore finger. See Huwle. 

Hutcli [uoch], N., a mishap ; an 

Hutch, K, v. to raise by a sudden 
jerk; to pitch. Hutch is a cor- 
ruption of hook; hitch is its 

Huwle [uovi], N. Same as Hut. 

I [i], pron. I. Always pronounced 
Ahf excepting occasionally — in 
E. always — before a vowel, as, 
* I isn't deein nowt.' 

I', prep. in. The word in is sel- 
dom used, excepting at the end 
of a sentence or berore a vowel. 
See Id. Of. Icel. I, in. 

Ice-cannles [eys-kaau'lz], sb. pL 

Id [id*], W., prep, in ; so used be- 
fore a vowel. 

Idle-backs [aaydl-baaks], E. and 
N., sb. pi. loose pieces of skin 
about the finger-nails, popularly 
supposed to be found only on the 
fingers of non-workers, or idle 
people. See Whot-wells. 

^S [jg]> ^ ^^ ^^ ill-temper; a 
surly state of mind. 

Illify [il'ifaay], v. to defame ; to 
speak ill of. 

Ill -thro wen [ilthraovn], a<y. 
under-fed; puny; stunted in 
growth. Also, cross-grained in 

Imp [imp], an addition to the 
under-part of a straw bee-hive, 
when the bees want more room 
for the storage of honey ; v. to 
enlarge a bee-hive by the addi- 
tion of straw-rims at the bottom. 

Incomers [in-kuom*uz], sb. pi. 

Indethriment [indeth-rimentl, a 
detriment, or stumbling-block. 

Ings [ingz], low-lying or marshy 

LoJcerpunk [ing-ku'puongk], E., 
a child. See £ntepiink. 

Ink-stanch [ingh-stansh], W.; 



Ink-stangre [ingk'stanzh], N., 
an ink-stand. 

Innards [inudz], E., sb. pi. the 


Inniardfl [in-yudzj, N., the kid- 

Inno, Enoo [inoo'], adv. present- 
ly ; shortly ; after a while. 

Insense [Insen-s], v. to drive the 
sense of a matter into a person's 
mind ; to make clear to tne com- 
prehension of another. *Ah*ve 
thried mt best tl insense him, an 
yet Ah can't mak him undher- 
etan it.' 

Intak [in-taak], an enclosure 
taken off the edge of a common 
for cultivation. Lit, in-take. 

Intepnnks [in-tu'puongks], W., 

sb. pi. children. 

* God bless the maysther of this 
The mistheross also ; 
An all the lahtlo intepunks, 

That round the table eo/ &c. 
Final stanza of the Christmas 
Carol of the Bozzle-cup women. 

Intt [in-ti] ; Intiv [in*tiv] ; In- 
tid [in'tid], prep. into. The 
first form is used before con- 
sonants; the second and third 
before vowels. Intid is confined 
to W. Hold. 

Intul [in'tuol], E., prep. into. 
Barely used ; ititi and intiv being 
more usual. 

Iry [eyh'ri]; Irish [eyh'rish], 
E. and N. , passion ; anger ; rage ; 
fury. * Man wod ! bud didn't he 
shew his iris A.' Lit. ire, a word 
formerly common, but not in 
general use now. 

Is [iz], V. is. Used indiscrimin- 
ately for all the throe persons 
singular : I w, thou w, he is, 

Ish [ish], a common superfluous 
terminal to a comparative. 
* Bayther caudiaA.' 

Is-to Fiztu], W. ; U-ib^i [iz'dhu], 
E., N., and W., art thou? 

It [it], K, V. to eat. 

Itten [it-n], K, p. p. of to eo/. 

Iv [iv], prep. in. So used before 
vowels. See T and Id. 

Iwer-seea [ivu-«i-h'], on any 
account *Ah wadn't a deean 
it was it iwer-seea,* 

Iwery-like [ivrileyk-], K and 
N., at intervals ; now and then. 

* He cums ti see m& iwery-like, 
thoo knaws.' 

Iwery noo an then, occasion- 
ally; at intervals. Identical with 

Izzad [iz'ud], the letter z. 

Jack [jaak], half a gill in liquid 
measure, or a quarter of a pint. 

Jacks Maaks], E., sb. pi. dice- 
shapea pieces of earthenware, 
used in playing a game of the 
same name. 

Jag-ofF[jaag-aor|, E.,to fall, or jog 
over, as a load of com may do. 

* It varry near jagged-ojf, just as 
we com thruff yatsteed (gate 

Jannak [jaan'uk], E. and N., adj. 
suitable. * To mak a jannak o%' 
to make a tit and suitable union. 

Jart [jaa't], N. and E., a sudden 

Jart, V. to jerk. 'Hoo far can 
thk jart that steean ?' Mid. Eng. 
jet. Ft, Jeter, to throw. 

Jawle [jaavul], K, v. to hold 
an angry disputation. 

Jaup [jau-p], E., V. to beat up ; to 
splash. *Thoo leeak at tiaties, 
while Ah jaup this egg.' See 

Jaw pau'], talk; raillery; im- 
pertmence. * Hod thi jaw,* hold 
your tongue. 

Jawbation [jau'bae'shu'n],E.and 



^^"T?., a long and tcdioiis Imrungin' ; 
a prolongod disputation. 

Jav-bone-yat-flteeads. In ihn 
neighbourhood of Hull, fonuerly 
the chief port for Greenland 
whalers, it wiiB CHstomarj'ti) pur- 
chase the jaw-htiiiet of whiikw 
from the oaptains. and pliU'e thorn 
in tho fonn of a pointed nrrli 
over gaffl-ways, many of which 
miiy still bo i^en. 

Jftwbraker, Jaw-cracker pnw- 
braalc'r], a word difficult of pro- 

Jeyoe [jeyo], E., v. to agist, or 

Cture catllo at so much per 
d. See Summereat. 
Jiff-it [jift-it], to mil awar; to 

Slay truant. ' ImI's all jiii-U U 
ay, lode.' 

Jimp [Jimp], N. ami E-, v. to in- 
dent: ttjnotch; to po in a curved 
or irregular line. a«in ploughing. 

Jimped Mimpt], adj. indented; 

Jimpi [jimpsl, N. and E., indent- 
ations. ■ Do you like it best 
pkin , or wl Jimpt f ' 

Jink [jinj^k], v. to ring ; to chink 

Jinny -hewlad. Jinny - hewlat 
nin'i-eu'lud, (weulut], an owl. 
uj W. Jinny- Yewliid. 

Job [jaob], E. and W., v. to 
blimp: to knock against. 'Tak 
Hut hammer fto bayn or else 
•he'll be ^bbUn her moothwiv it.' 

Jobber (jaoh-iir"]. a cattWIealur, 
between the grazier and the 
hiituher. Other Jobbrri are di«- 
tinftuished by tbu addition of the 
names of the animals they d»al 
in, as jilg-jobbrr: 

Jooooiona [jau-kau-i-hus], adj. hti- 
morouB; fond of joking. 

Jogffle [.jaogl], V. to shake 
or jog. 'ThooHjoji/iin teeable,' 

Joffffle the memory [jaogl- 

mam'ri], to rominil of aimulhing 
forgotten or uaglectod. 

Joffglety Ijao^'lti], adj. not stand- 
ing firmly : insecure ; shaky. 

Johnay-whipBtliraw Jjaoni-wip-- 
fthi'im-], N.. a threshor. 

Joineiin [jauyimr'in], carpantry- 

Joltheead [jaowlt-ih'd], a dul- 

Jonas. Jawnaa [jaunus], the 
juuudieo. ' la it yallow jVmm, or 
bltti'k, ahe'agettouF' 

Jomm IjauTum], a considerablu 
quantity of liijiud contained in 
pitchtT, bowl, or other earthen 
vessel ; as a jariim of broth ; a 
j'uTum of punch. See Jothemn). 

Joskin [JHOB'kin], N. and E., a 

JoM [jooa], N. and E., a head 

Jotheram [jairdhiir'um], N., a 
large quantitj- of liquid. 

Jowl [jaow-I]. W., the JBW, 

Jowl, V. to knock together. 'Ah 'II 
/""■' thy heead an wall tegitber.' 
' Where the devil so Jmld the 
contiuels against the aidea of the 
Queon'H chapel doors.' — Th< Just 
/>fn7 of ll«»i.^™-A, lOflO. 

Jowp [jaowji], V, to shake up the 
sediment at the bottom of a 
liijuid : to beat up, as an egg. 
See Jaup. 

Jnmmlement [juomliuent], con- 
fusion; intricucy. ' This wossit's 
(worsted is) nowt bud jummlr- 

Xnmj) [.jiiomp], v. to agree; to 
coincide ; to tally : to match. 
'That caapit'a {carpet) me«ad up 
wmng; patthoran disn'tjiimp.' 

Jumpers [jimrapnz], sb. pL in- 
oect^ of the Dermriitt lardariat 
tribe, which feed on cooked-meat. 
Called hopjiert in some districts. 



Jnmp Wt, V. to meet with acci- 
dentally. See Joinml'd-ageean. 

Junk Muongkj, a Bhapeless lump : 
chiefly twed m reference to meat. 

Jnntoiu [jnon'tos], E. and N., adj. 
captious; surly; morose. *What 
can y^ expeck fr§ sike a jnnUme 
awd chap ? Ah wondher he didn't 
kick th^ oot neck an crop.' 

Kaff [kaaf], chaff. The Blang 
term * to chaff/ t. e, to rally, or 
make game of, is always so pro- 
nounced — never kaff. 

Kedge [kej], N. and W., to cram ; 
to fill to repletion. 

Keeadish [kihMish], K, adj. 

sluggish; im willing; disinclined. 

Keealen [ki'h'lan], p. p. of to 

Keeal-pot [ki-hl-paot], an iron 
cauldron or porridge-pot, with 
three feet ana a swinging hoop> 

Keeam [ki-h'm], a comb. 

Keen [kee'n], adj. eager ; long- 
ing t()r ; inclined to ; yearning 
for. * He didn't weem varry heeti 
o' job.' 

Keep [keep], condition : used 
in reference to horses, in respect 
to their being ill or well-fed. 
Also, occasionally in reference 
to persons, as, * He's a feyn 
healthy lad, that o' yours; ne 
disn't sham his keep,* 

Keepen [kee*pn], p. p. of to keep, 

Keepins [kee'pinz], N. and W. 
In the various games at marbles, 
if a boy wins his opponent's mar- 
bles and retains them, it is called 
keepins ; but if they play for 
honour only, each one retaining 
his own marbles, it is called 

Kelk [kelk], a heavy fall ' Ah 
tumml'd oot o' bed las neet, and 

com doon upo* fleer wl sike a 

Kell [kel], E., the diaphragm of 
animals. Lit. caul. Pieces of ktll 
are generally put on the top of 
liver in cooking. 

Kelther [keHhur^, N. and E., 
lumber; rubbish. 

Keltherment [kel-thnment]. 
Same as Kelther. 'Ther was 
nowt bud awd keUhermeni at 
seeal ' (auction). 

Ken [ken], a chum. See also 

Ken, V. to churn. 

Ken [ken], v. to know ; to recog- 
nise. * L nken ning in God's law.' — 
Wycliff. * Ah 1^1 it biv ee-seet, 
bud Ah deean't knaw its neeam,' 
said a school-boy of a certain 
letter, when learning his alpha- 

Ken-milk [ken-milk], milk left 
after churning ; butter-milk. 

Kennel [ken 'ill, a channel ; a 
water-course between the foot- 
path and the carriage-way in a 

Kensback [konz'baak], N. and 
W., adj. recognisable by some 
striking feature or peculiarity. 
For instance, of a person with a 
hump-back, or a crooked noee, it 
would be said, * He's varry ken^^ 

Kenspeckle [ken'spek-l], W., adj. 
Same as Kensback. 

Kep [kep], V. to catch a ball in 
falhng, &c. In N., also, to catch 
the breath as in bathing, or 
when struck on the chest, A.S. 
cepartj to keep. 

Keppen [kep'n], p. p. of to keep 
and to Icep, 

Keppin-day [kepin-dae], N. and 
W., Shrove-Tuesday. So called 
because part of the amusement 
of girls on that day consists of 
Ar«^n balls. 



a [keH'mus], Christtniie. 

Keasen, [kesTi], v. to christen 

' Th(K)'s Dobbut been H chot^h 

fnwer tiihciB f thy life; — when 

thl faj-ther deed, whun thi 

luuther deed, whon thoo vbm 

ketsenfd, an when thoo was wed.' 

Keaseo, p. i*. of to e.'i«t, or cast 

^ off. ' HeKthaotiny ftrMMicloeas 

H B give awiij?' is a question 

H irooicolly a^ed of a proud, 

" patronising poreon. 

Kesther [kwthut'], Chiistopher. 

Kesthrel fkes'thril], a apecies of 

Eeat-o'-ee [kurt-u-ee-], a cast of 

the Pl'e ; a Bquint. 
Ket [ket], carrion. Generally 
nvlkft. Also, a term of reproach, 
abhorrence, or loathing. ' Gut 
I oot o' mah hooH, thoo awd krt.' 
r [kedh-ur'], W., to go along 
at a rapid paee. ' He kether'd 
away like a good un.' 
Ketlocks [kefliLks], the wild 
miistflrd-jilBut, Siifipii Ari-fiiaia. 
Si>i' Braaaocks uud Bunch. 
Ketty [k.-t-i], E. and N., aiij. 

Ketty-keya [keti-keyz], ah, pi. 
the i^eod-poda of the aHh-niapIe. 
In N. KitCy-hiji. 
Kibble -three [kih-l-thrcel, a 
<-ross-bar attached by a hook to 
I the end of a waggon-polEi, at each 
■ end of whiiih ia hooked a iviniflc- 
H thrte for the purpose of driving 
^ two horaee abreast, SeeSwinffle- 
* three and Cobble-three. 
Eicken fkik'n], p, p. of to kick. 
Kickin-aboot [kik'in-uhoo't],Rcnt- 
terwl about carelsBaly ; in dia- 
con fusion, 
lea [kil'un], p. p. of to kilt. 
id [kaoynd], wlj. on friendly 

Indly ptaayn'dli], adv. will- 

ingly ; readily ; mibmiBsivoly. 
'Young OSS take tl ahafta varry 

Kindly, adv. gratefully ; thank- 
fully. 'Thank you kindig for 
haof-croon you sent ma.' 

Eiss [kaayn], N. and W., sb. pi, 
cowB. Seo Kye. 

King-cough [king-kaof], the hoop- 

Kink [kingk], a alight aprain; a 
twiat in the neck. 

Kinlin [kinlin], lit. kindling ; 
fire -wood. 

Kinnle [kinl], li/. kindle ; v. to 
bring forth young. Said only of 

Kirk [kerk], a church. Not much 
used. That at Owthome on the 
coast ia called the ' Sister Kirk.' 
It 13 one of two which were 
built within a hammer'a throw of 
each other by two sinterB. The 
other hoe been washed away by 
the encroachnient of the aea, and 
this will ere long ahare the same 

Kiuen [kia-n], p. p. of to iw. 

Kilt [ki-t], a cheat. A.S. eixt. 

Kit [kit], (I) a aniaU pail ; (2) 
a shoemaker'B tub in which ha 
Bt«epa bia leather ; (3) a small 
tub, with a lid, for flour. 


of 1 

1 aggregation ; the whole 
company, familT, claBB, &c. 
, ™'..n Ah'U leather all W[ 

o- ya.' 

Kite [keyt], the stoma<:h. ' Rive- 
W(f 8undah'(N. and W.) is the 
Sunday in Martinmas week, 
when the fanning-lndR and lasacfl 
are at home with their parenta 
for their annual week's holiday. 
On this occasion a Bumptuous 
provided, whicb ie 


cause the day to be railed Eive- 
kite. I.e. Tear-stomacb, Sunday, 
XitLin [kiflin], a kitten. 



Kitlin, a tickliDg sensation. At 
a church in E. Holdemess, the 
clerk, finding himself singing the 
Psalm alone, suddenly stopped 
and exclaimed, *If y^ deeant 
help mi Ah can't gan on; AhVe 
getten a kitliii \ ml throoat' 

Kittle [kit'l], adj. delicate ; sens- 
itive ; ready to fall, &c. * As 
kittle as a moose-thrap/ 

Kittle, V. to tickle. 

Kittle, V. to bring forth young. 
Applied only to cats. 

Kittlish [kit-lish], critical ; diffi- 
cult to decide. * Ah deeant knaw 
what tt say : it's a kittlish ques- 

Knack [naak], E. and N., v. to 
speak affectedly ; to drop one's 
native dialect and attempt court- 

Knag [naag], v. to importune ; to 
scold ; to urge on. * Missis hez 
been kiiaggin at mi all day.' 

Knaggy [naag'i], adj. ill-tem- 

Knap [naap], v. (1) to strike 
lightly; (2) to receive punish- 
ment for a misdeed. * Thoo'U 
Ama/?it,' — you will get punished. 

Knapper [naap'ur'], the knocker 
of a door. 

Knarl [naa*l], v. (1) to gnaw. 
* This moose hez ommost knurled 
a hooal thruff thrap.' (2) To 
ache with a dull, heavy pain. 
*Mah teeath's begun i\ knarl 

KnarUn [naa-lin], a dull, heavy 

Knather [naathur'l, E., v. to 
make a grating, nibbling noise, as 
a mouse in a trap. 

Knattle [naat-1], v. to potter about 
without gettmg through much 
work. * Awd feUow knattles aboot 
a bit yet.' 

Knaw [nau], v. to know. 

Knawn*t [naunt], know not. 
Used only in Ist person singu- 

Knock-salt [naok-saolt], W., a 
familiar and somewhat opprobri- 
ous style of addressing a person. 

* Noo then, awd knock^salt^ whafs 
thi aboot noo ? ' 

Knockt-up [naok-t-uopl,thorough- 
ly wearied; completely exhaust- 
ed ; prostrated by sickness. 

Knock-nndher [naok-uon*dhur'], 
to become submissive or obedient. 

Knooant. Same as Knawn*t. 

Knotty [naot'i], W., adj. short, 
stout, and deformed in person. 

Knowl [naowl], the sound of the 

Knowl, y. to toll the death-bell. 

Knowle [naowl], the head. 

' Bollasis ! Bellasis ! daft was thy 

When thoo swap't Bellasis for 

A fjopular saj-ing relative to a 
foolish exchange of estates in the 
loth century. 

Konk [kaongk], N. and W., the 


Kooak [kuo'h'k], v. to cough 
and strain in the endeavour to 
eject phlegm, or anything from 
the throat. * What's tha hooakin 
an kooakin aboot? yan wad think 
thoo was chooakin.' 

Krake [kre*h'k, krae*k], a crow. 

* Flay-crake,' a scare-crow. 

Kulamite [kuol-umeyt], W., a 
nickname for a Methodist, for- 
merly in general use, but now 
obsolete. Derived from Alex- 
ander Kilham, the leader of the 
first secession from the Wesleyan 
body, whose followers were caUed 
Kilhamites, corrupted to K^da- 
mites^ and in Holdemess (and 
perhaps elsewhere) applied con- 
temptuously te Methodists in 
generaL 'Die Bev. Thoa. Jack- 



, however, in his Antobio- 
grapKjr, says that this ia iin error, 
and that the term woe in use be- 
fore the BeceBsion. 
Kye [kaay], ab. pi. cows. In VT. 
ki/f is UBed to denote particular 
herds, kiiif being used for cowa 
in general. 'Fetch kye up,' Big- 
nlfying the eowB rec^niring to oe 
brought home for milking. 

Labber [laab'nr], v. to beemoar; 
to lubricate; to overlay pro- 
fusely with a Tiscoue subatance. 
' To labhfT away with ' ia to ubb 
paint or any other matter ex- 

Labber^gob [laab-u-gaob], N., 
treacle ; ho called because the 
lipH become besmeored with it 
when it is eaten, 

labonrRome [kcbusu'in], adj. 
futiguin^f ; laboriou.i. 

Lad o' wax [laad-n-woiiks], an 
Bipresnion without any definite 
meaning, addressed to hoya and 
youths. ' Noo, ml Itid ii' u'oi / 
getooto'way.' .Sometimes /« (My - 
wax. Shakspero, in Rumro und 
Juliet, Act, I. 8C, iii., repieaenfs 
the Nurse saying of Itoiuoo : 
* A man, young lady ! lady, anch 

! all the world— Why, he's a 

i' faith, 

' » vary flower.' It is possible that 
this Holdemesa appellation ma; 
have come down from the Kliza- 

bethan age, and been presei-red, 
although scarcely known else- 
where in England. 

Lag [!nag], N., the stave of a 
cask, tub, or pail. 

Lagg'd [langd], pp. cxbaiistert 
by walking orcarrying a burthen, 

Laggy [iaag-i], E. and N., a lin- 
gerer : the lost to arrive, 
n [Ua-n] ; Layn [lae'n], v. to 
also, to t«Bch. ' Noo. 

Sammy's lahn'l tl reead varry 
bonnily. Ah think you owt tl 
begin to lalin him tl write,* In 
the latter sense the word was 
frequently used by the early 
English writers ; 

' for he would Itarn 
The Lion stoop to him in lowly 
wise.'— SpeiMW, F. Q. i. 6, 25, 
In the B, Miia, there is a book 
(1542). ■ The Dietary of Health, 
to larne a man to bo wise,' &0. 

Labtle [laa-tl], ailj. little ; corap. 
tahtler [laa-tlur] ; sup. Labt- 
lest [loa-tlist], 

LalEe [lae-k], v. to play ; to en- 
gage in a game. Also (N.l, to 
trifle, or act with levity. [Icel. 
Icika. to pi ay, distinguished by the 
vowel from A,8. Idain, to play, 
which has produced the M<xl. S. 
Eiig. to lark.—'W. W. S.] 
', to protnide o 
B lall'd oot his tongue 
and meead feeaces at uia.' See 
Puff an lall. 

Lallap [laal-up], V. Same as LalL 
Also, to lounge or loll about. 
'She diB nowt Dud hing MIopin 
oot o' windher leeukin at fooaks 

Lallap, N., v. to walk skippingly. 
Ihrum], E., v. to 
childish fashion. 

Lalther. Laldher [loaldhu'r'], v. 
to sing discordantly or out of 
tune and time. Also, E. and W., 
to hum a tune in a monotonous 
and drawling meaaure. 

Lalthmm, E. and N., a girl given 
more to laltherin than to working. 
' She'a a good lalthrum, if that^B 
onny use tl yB, bud if yS want 
her tl worrk, why that's another 

Lam [laam], E. and N., t. to 


Lam-pie-sote-it [laam-piauoh't], 
N., a boy'sgame of hide-and-seek • 

take Imu;. n^nd aoidM ill iralk- 
"^T ' TiiirmY Iumj Bubm't' itmciiiti 

it r ueeali IbIuil' F. imner. to 
fliup: nuHEifr. tb iMmoh ant 

't~A, T. bi lanoe. ' Ali'd k ^ 
la^ gstlMam, an doa&co- lawrli'J 
M >ii bL Knff nam uC' 

I«ld [iMod}. ■ hreadib cf pkn;^ 
iu^ kIkidI hi feel vidr, ra^ovd 
^i^iilJj ixm-rei for d>e pmpciw 
<if drmuia^. witii dei^iH' fuinjvfr 
iKtveeo oonti^ciiu laudt fcr 
tairriu^ cdT saj«r4aT>iif ■ ittn 


■DISC up Ul *Ty TTTn* wt < 

' Lamj aad dkooal ao't. Htm, is 
tk«t Alt'* nut U her it.' 

VaMf-tniah [Uutg-fnsT-da], £. 

Mkd N., the fint FiidaT in LwL 
I«a(^eMded [laang-i h'^id],*.!]. 

ltmni«d: erodile; weI]-inJbnn«d. 
T^Bg-Mttle [kang-^aAtl], a hififa- 

backtid beuch, sach aa is com- 

muiJjr seen in the kjtcbena of 

Tillage Ale-koaseB. 
laagim [Uaag-^en], adv. long 

Lang-tiui^'d [Uang-tuongd], adj. 
tidkatiTe; gairolouB; anJUe to 
keep s secret- 

L«a^ my [laAng-wu], adv. «x- 
oeedinKly ; much ; in a greater 
degree. ' Mah bonnet's a lang 
way prattler then thAhn.' 

Luted lUan-tid], N., pp. belated; 
luft behind. ' Why thraia'e 
giMian ' (thi; train hoe gone) : ' she 
wan He lang gottin her fkl-Uls on, 
an Ktnart'tDin her aen up, that 
Ah thewt we sud be laaUd, an 

L«p, Lap-np [kai>-uopJ, v. (1) 
to fold ; to wrap up in a parcel ; 

ao then 1 iaf 
it «fi iiioolj aa pot it i ' 
-Almt Tk hotm a lap- 
neel^' 'Tcm^iiMh 

-bndit^bBailqy'^ifL' • La^ 
in loo» riwsU.' — Eartt (a nativa 
of Tcn^); HkiQaosa. 1628. 
*Tt«m 1^ in Aaw.'— />r JTar- 
1» Xufcr, <tf Tock, 1698. 
Ufe [kit'p], E-aad W^to vilk 

cldljhee in 'walhmg akmg a muddy 

J [k-h'pt-aop}, £., adv- 
dirtaed, or mnd-bdnwa red. Uaed 
in irin r cD oe to tlte diUM of a 
posm after a dirty Talk. 'Ha 
mTWI be* mm'd a mucky looad ; 
-vhy he'e lajtnd-mf tir lua bwea.' 
Uzn [W-ram], N., v. to talk 

Lui [laas], a giiL An indefinite 

and toaet parts of England, bnt 
in Holdemee» it has a more de- 
finite sgnification, meaning a 
eervant-girl in a faim-houM 
Thea^ only one female domestio 
is kepL thus, it will be asked, 
' Where's latt gone * ' which is 
understood to mean^where has 
the sorrant'girl gone ? althongli 
there may be eeTeral daughtere 
in the house, who are also called 
kum, iudefiuitely ; also, the 
ftrmer's wife, whom the &nner 
terma ' Hah awd liut.' 

Last-bite [laast-bey-t], £., a tit- 
bit or bon«r-bo¥<he reserved aa 
the last mouthM. 

Lorten [kas-n], p. p. of to latt : 
to endure ; to hold out 

XaStj riaaa-ti], N. and W., adj. 
durable ; lasting. ' Cleeaa isn't 
hauf 80 latty as uey was j^anoe.' 

lAt [laat], a lath. 



Late [Ifh'l], v. to search for. 

' AL /'ile-l it haiif-«n-lioor au 

then couldn't find it.' 
Laten [Ic'h'tu], p. p. of to lala. 
Lather [lawUi'ui''], v. to iiorapire 

profiiMHly: u profuM perspinition. 
Lat-river [UaUroayvur'], a laih- 

Lave [le'h'v], p. t. of to leave. 
Lawk [lau'k], int. an exclamatiou 
of BurpriHs. more fumimne than 

au exproasiuQ of unnoyance, 
' £(iict-«-itiiay .' Ah'a awlas 
gottiu hod o' wnmg end o' stick,' 
I.'. luakingablimaeroriiuBtake. 

Lawi-a-mauy [lairz-u-maas'i], 
iot. an oiclamation of consterna- 
tioD ; a uomiptiou of ' Lord have 

Lazneu [losk'sous], looseness in 
the bowels. 

Lay [lucl, V. to li«'. ' Thoo nmn 
luf/ in bed an get weol.' ' Jmi/ 
duon, dog," [1. t. laid. ' Ho liiiil 
doou an rowVd aboot.' 

Lay, V. til pm down a flooring or 
pavomont. * Ah'a boon tl luy 
kilvliiii llueur anew.' 

Laylock [lim-luk], the liliu.'. 

Lead [lee-dl. E. and N. ; Leead 
rU-Vd], W., V. to carry eurn, 
sc, from the harvest-field to the 
stock -yard. When otherwise 
used the name of the urtido 
carried is added, ae, ' Itead'n 
DOoBle/grnvel. £c. Ifitisuimply 
said, 'Thompson's Ireadin tl-dny,' 
it is understood to refer to har- 
Test produce. 

Leadea [luodn] ; Leeaden 
[li'h'dn], p. p. of to Iriui. 

Leadea-kooal [led-un-huo'h'l]. K., 
a brnthel. Probably derived 
fhira Leadcnhnll-Squure, in HuU, 
a notorious nest ot brothels. 

Keadliera [lcc-<lhu£], sinews. See 

Leaf [lee-f], K ; Leeaf [li-h'f], 
N. and W., the fat about the 
kidneys of a pig. 

Least-bit (Leeast, N. and Vf.) 
[lee'at-bitj, a smidl quuutity, hut 
not ueuesdarily the mualloat. 

Leat, 07-a-leeat [uv-u'-li-h't], 
lately. ' AhVe nohhut been 
badly (ill) of-a-UaU: 

Leather [ledh'ur'], v. to (log. Do- 
riTod from a leather strap, often 
used for the purpose of custiga- 

Leather-away, v. to go along at 
a ra]>id pace. A corruption, per- 
hiips, of lather- — thefrvth ofsoap, 
to which excessive perspiration 
is assimilated, us in the phrase, 
' Ah's all ov a muck-?a(Afr.' In 
a spectacular drama at Astley's, 
in 1H02, occurs the expression, 
' By the Lord '. how we'll Mhrr- 

a thorou^ thrashing in a fight. 

Led-eeather [ledce-tlmr'], K. and 
W., india-rubber. So called, 
perhaps, becauFie it eats out the 
marks of a lead pendl. 

Lee [lee], V. to lie ; to tell a falae- 
houd ; sb. a tie. 

Leeace [li'hs], v. to Hog. 'If 
thoo dis that agoean Ah'Il ieeocs 
thi jacket fo' thS.' 

Leeaee-away [lih's-uwae], v, to 
go along at a rapid puce. 

Leeaf, Lief, •"■ Leeave [lib'r], N. 
and W., cump. I<eeafer; sup. 
IiSeavBit, on expression of indif- 
ference or unooncom about doing 
anything. ' Ah'd as Itaif ston as 
gun.' ■ Ah'd letueer deeah it then 
not' In this comparative form it 
means rather ; iudicatiug a jiru- 
ference ; also, in tho suporlaave, 
very much rather. 

Leeak [H-h'k], a look ; v. to look. 

LeeakiiL-glaBB [lih'kin-glaae], a 
mirror. More conunonly Seti'i- 



Leeak-shaap rii-h'k-shaa'p], be 

quick; makenaste. 

Leeam [li-h'm], adj. lame. ' As 
leeam as a dog,' a common Hol- 
demess simile. 

Leeathwake [lih'th-waek], N. 

and W., adj. litho; supple- 
limbed. Used also in reference 
to corpses which do not become 
rigid in the usual time. [The 
siiffix is the A.S. wdc, yielding; 
Mod. Eng. weak,—W. W. S.] 

Leeaven [lihVn], p. p. of to 

leave. Nearly obsolete. 

Leeave-hod [li'h'v-aod], v. leave 
hold ; let go. 

Leeavins [lih'vinzl, N. and W. ; 
Leavins [lee-vinzj, E., remains ; 
what is left, of inferior quality, 
after the better portion has been 

Leeded [lee -did], p. t. of to lead, 
or carry away in a waggon or 

Leet [lee-t], V. to dismount ; to 
alight. * Woean*t yS leet, an he 
Hummat tt eeat ?' * A cat awlas 
leet8 on her feet.' 

Leet-on [lee*t-aon], p. t. let-on : 
V. to meet with. * Ah sowt him 
all ower toon, an at last let-on 
him at Blue Pig.* 

Leet-on, E., v. to expect, or hope 
for. * He's leetin o' Jack helpin 

Leet-on, X., to wait for. 
Leg-away [leg-uwae], v. to liasten 

along. ' Noo then ! letj-away 
wK' tha, else thoo'll niwer get 
there i' tahm.' 

Leg - ower - thraces [leg-ao w • h'- 

thi-ao'siz]. A person is said to 
have * gotten his leg-ower-thraces* 
when lio lias committed a mis- 
deed, broken the bounds of dis- 
ciplino, or been guilty of a foolish 
or unautliorizeu act. Derived 
from a horso falling in conse- 

quence of getting a leg OTer the 
traces — a portion of the harness. 

Let [letl, p. t. of to light; also, 
of to afight, * Ah Ut fire as seean 
as Ah com doon-stairs.* *He 
feU off stee (ladder), bud he lei 
on his feet.' 

Leih er [leth-uT^l, let her. The 
letters I and a, when foUowed 
closely by r, become ih and dh 
respectively: as butter, butther; 
boraer, bordher. In this case 
the h is transferred firam the 
second word to the first, the two 
forming the compound word 
leth-er. Bite Tier is similarly 
treated, becoming hither. 

Lether, E. and N., a bright speck 
in the flame of a candle, supposed 
to betoken a coining letter con- 
taining good news. 

Let-on [let-aon], v. to fall upon a 
person with the tongue, in the 
way of reprimand, censure, or 
upbraiding. ' Then she let-on, an 
gav her sike a scawdin as she 
weean't seean forget.' 

Letten [let-n], p. p. of to light, 

or alight. 

Lenk [liwk], v. to look. 

Lenken [liwkn], p. p. of to look, 

L€y [ley], a scythe. 

Lick [iik], V. to thrash an antago- 
nist in a fight, or to triumph in 
any contest. 

Lickan promise [lik-un-praom*is], 
a slight and ineffective washing 
of the hands, face, &c., leaving 
them almost as dirty as before ; 
as much as to say, he just gave 
his face a lick with a premise to 
wash it more thorougnly after- 
wards. Appli()d also to any duty 
perfunctonly performed. 

Licken [likn], p. p. of to lick. 

Licks [liks], a chastisement. 
* Thoo'll get thl licks, m\ lad, for 
brokkin that three' (breaking 
that tree). 


i ['•(?]> '■ t* lie. o* in lied ; to 
place, or lay down, as on 
table or floor, ' He lig» clock 
rooDil : gana to bed at eight, an 

Etfl up at eight.' ' Liy that 
ife dfWQ ; thoo'll be puttin 
thyaen," Peter de Langtoft. a 
Yorkshire wolds-man, roakes us« 
of the word Itgaf. In the mar- 
riage (XI venant between a boh oI 
WaiiamPlumpton, of Plnmpton, 
County of York, and adaughterof 
John, Beventh Baron CliSbi'd of 

»Skipton, it woe stipulated that 
' they should not lif/ye together 
■until they were 18 years of age;' 
mnd Sir Lewis CHfford. Et., of 
the same family, left directions 
in hia will, dated 1404, that there 
ehould be ' ne stone, ne other 
tiling, whereby any man may 
witte where my stinking carcase 
Liggen [lig-n], p. p. of to lie (in 
bed, &!:,), Also, p. p. of to Ini/, 

Li^ hit tongue teea [lig-iz-tuong- 
ti-h']. ' He bully-ragg'd ma. an 
call'd mil iwery thing he could 
tig his Umyue ttea,' 

LightcRkee [leyt-kL'-b'ka], E. ; 
£eet-keeaks nee't-ki-h'ks], N. 
and W. (and also often in E.), 
pake« made of leavened dough. 

Iig-l-b«d [lig-u-bad],a Bluggard. 

Lig-ia [lig-iir], N. 'Wlien the 
noon rises late in the evening 
it is said, ' Ueean ligs in a bit 

Lig-on [lig-aon], to etrike vigor- 
ously ; to perform any work ener- 

Lig-OOt [lig-oot], (1) to prepare 
a corpse for burial; (2) to lay 
out (money). 

Lig-oot, E., to gather com into 

Like, 'iwery like,' every now 
and then. 

[leyk], an expression of 
robnbility, and occasionally nf 

certaintj'. ' He's like tl dec,' he 
will most probably die, ' Ifa 
like tl be seeoh,' it is certain to 
be to. 

Like, must ; ought ; an expres- 
sion of entreaty to do something 
on the ground of its beingde- 
sirable, fitting, or proper. 'Thoo 
mun ^'*e tl gun ; it 11 feeak queer 
if thoo stops away.' 

Like, V. to siippnse ; to fancy in 
imagination ; to make-bebevB. 
' Like. Ah's King o' Ingtan, an 
thoo's Bonny-payt, and let's fight 
and me gl thi a lickin.' Used 
only in the imperative. 

Like, looking. ' A good like lass." 

Like, the suffix of many words, 
such as rainy- Mk, grand -/i^, 
mucky-^iV:'*, Ac. 

Like a new un [leyk-u neuun], 
■ To go it likr, a new un ' is to do 
anything with the liesbness and 
vigour of youth. 

Like-as-if [leyk-uz-ifl. E. and 
W.; Like.a8-ftgif[leyk-tt7-u-- 
gif}. N., adv. 'Ho went aboot 
job tikt-ai-i/ he didn't care uboot 
it,' ' It was twenty year sin 
last Cannlemas; Ah mind (re- 
member) it Uke-in-aijif it was 
nobbut yistherday.' 

Like-eneeaf [leyk-unih'f]. likely 
enough ; in all probability. 

Liken'd [leyku'nd], pp. likely. 
' Ah's liken'd tl be toean afoor 
gentlemen (the magistrates) for 
knockin that awd bare duon.' 

Liken'd, pretendu.1 ; appeared as 
if. 'He^tien'iitlgan.buddidn't' 

Likes-on't [leyks-aont], the like 
ofit; anything similar to it. 'Ak 
nivrer seed liket-vn't.' 

Likes o' that [leyks-o'-thaat], 
almost identical with lakea-on't, 
but more emphatic, ' Noo ! did 
yfl iwer see likei o" that ! ' Great 
emphaHia on Ifuit. 



Likin [leykin], E. and W. 
* Oannin on likin,* going on trial 
or approval. 

Likin-for [leykin-fur], a prepos- 
session for. * Oh ! he's boon tt 
wod Molly Smith cock-ee'd lass, 
is h$? Ah awlas thowt he'd 
a sneeakin sooat o' likin-for her.' 

Lillilow [lil'i-laow], the blaze of a 

Lillthraps [lil-thraaps], £. and 
W., sb. pi. fomale frippery. * Noo 
then, get tht lillthraps on, an 
let's be off.' 

LiUy [m-i], E. Same as LiUi- 

Lilt [lilt], a light, gladsome step. 

Limp [limp], adj. thin ; loose in 
texture ; lacking substance ; 
drooping, after the abstraction 
of the sustaining element, as 
muslin after the liquefeustion of 
the 'starch. 

Lin [lin]; linen. A.S. Un, flax ; 
linen is the adj., like golden, from 

Linch [linsh], a sharp, sudden 
blow with a pliable instnmient, 
a willow twig, or the thong of a 

Ling [ling], heather. 

Linghy [lin-zhi], adj. lithe; act- 
ive ; supple in limb. * He lowp't 
cloean owad hedge. Ah sudn't 
h& thowt awd fellow'd been sY 

Lintin [lin-tin], a lintel. 

Lintins, N., tares. 

Lipper [lip*ur'], N., an agitation 
of the sea with short, breaking 
waves, as distinguished from a 
long, rolling swelL *Ther's a 
deal o' lipper on tt-neet.* 

Lishup [lishup], E., V. to walk 
briskly. * Ho gans lishupin alang 
like a two-year-awd.' 

Lissom [lisu'm], W.,adj. supple; 
active ; nimble, lit. * lithe-some.' 

Lt-thft, lu-thfl, lY-thft, leeak 

Pidh-u, luodhni, lidh-u, li-h'k], 
a quick call to look at, or notice, 
something strange. 

Lithin [lidh-in], meal of any kind 
used for thickening soup, &c« 

Liven-ap [laayvn-uop], v. to 
cheer, enfiven, console, or raise 
the spirits of a despondent per- 
son. Also, to beoome more cheer- 

Liver [livur^, v. to deliver. In 
R and N. used in reference tot^ 
delivery of anything. In W., 
chieflT and almost exclusively, 
to deliver com or other farm 
produce, by means of a waggon, 
to the purchaser. 

Liver, the liver. Formerly the 
liver was supposed to be the seat 
of the amorous passion; thus 
Webster, in Appiua and Virginia, 
*We have not such hot livers,* 
And so it is still held in Holder- 
ness; a swain, quite recently 
writing to his sweetheart, says, 
* Thoo's stown mt liver oot o' mt 
belly, an Ah's despadly (desper- 
ately) 1 love wt' thil.' 

Liver an lights clock [livniV-un- 

leyts-tlaok], N. and W., a 
clock with the pendulum and 
weights exposed. 

Lobloll [laoblaol], K and N., por- 
ridge of flour or oatmeal made 
very thick. * My eye ! bud this 
is lobloll! speean '11 ommoet stan' 
ower end in't.' 

London-pride [luon'dun-praay *d], 
the plant Sweet- William. Never 
the flower usually called London- 

Lone pau'n, or luch'n], lonely ; 
sequestered ; dreary ; deserted. 
A lone house is one standing 
alone in a secluded spot. 

Lone- woman [laun-wuo-mu'n], a 
widow, left alone. 

Looan riuo-h'n], a lane. < It's a 
lang looan as niwer cums tiv a 


end ' is the Holdemess i:«ndering 
of a coiumon proverb. 
Loo&nce [luo-u'tis]. The guueral 
muauing of this term is an allow- 
ance of ols or other refreBhment 
I to workmen between moala. In 
I W. it refere more espetiiilly to 
r im iutermediiite slight moal be- 
' tween breakfast and diuiier, 
served in the han-est-iiold. Also, 
A uioming glass of ale, without 
onf raferenue to it^ boing au 
allowoiic* fimn an employer ; 
I thus a penwn will aay, ' Ah eiin't 
I work ue lauger till Ah're bad 
I my loouTux I Ah mun gan an get 
a glass o' yal.' 
Look [loo'k], V. to hoo weeds iu 

a lield of young oom. 
Lookers [loo'ku'z], weedera in a 

Loone; [loo'iii], N. and E., a 
simpleton. An abbreviation of 
lunatic; used derisively, to in- 
timate that the person is litUo 
bettf'r than a lunatic. 
Loonther, or LoundhuT lloon- 
dhur']. E.. T. to beat. 'What's 
tha lounUirrin him abiHjt i' that 
way for 'f what's ho deonn ? ' 
Looae-tkrap [loo-s-tbraap], K. 
and W. , a louao-trap— a small- 
tnothed comb used ftir fruojng 
thildren'H heuds from hair-lice 
(called diclts). 
Lop [laop], a Sea, so called from 
its activity in loupin (jumping). 
Lopper'd [lao[j-uil], jip. cougealeii, 
or curdled. A term only applied 
U> milk. 
Loss [luoa], 7. to lose. 
Lossea [Inos'n], p. p. of to toge. 
LoBt-l-mnok [laost-i-muok], ex- 
eeBsivoly dii'ty. 

is gounin ti &aot (Aower) show.' 
^lanad [laow-nd], N., adj. calm i 
^ tranquil. Used only in reference 

Low [laow], E. and N., v, to glow; 
to send foltb flame. ' It must be 
a frost ; fire lows so breet.' 

Lovp [laowp], V. to leap, ot 
juup. 'But if that a lous 
coutne have lopen the bottir.' — 
Piers Plowman, B. v. 198. 

Lowpen [Jaowpn], p. p. of to 
leap. See abuvu. 

Lovie [laow-s], adj. loose, Roger 
Ascham (a tiatiTe of Yorkshii-e) 
speaks of luicse grossBBsa. 

Lowae, free from apprenticeship. 
' When Ah's lovise Ah sal gan tl 
Lunnoa an niak ml fotton' (fui- 

Lovse-eud, a course of profiigacj 
and idleness. ' What's Bill 
deein uoo? Why Ah's tiiiid he's 
nobbut at a Ivii'tt-mid, dhrinkin 
an raffliu about.' 

Lowse-hand [laows-aand], a su- 
pomnmemry workman, who can 
be spared without iiiconvenience. 
• We're rayther shiioat-handed ; 
gan an see il' Maiather Johnaon'a 
getten it loivat-hand he cjin leo 

Lowse-t-bnsli [laow-s-i-buosh], N, 
and W.. pp, afflicted with dysen- 

Lowseness [Isow-suus], dyseu- 

Lowze [Inow'z], T. to redeem an 

article ia pledge. 
Lowsenin - feeast [laow - znin- 

fi'h'st], a supper given at the tar- 

minauon of apprenticeship. 
Lowze-oot [lEiowz.{>ot], t, to tin- 

hamees horses from a Teluola. 



Lowxin-talun, the time for unyok- 
ing the horses and leaving off 

Loy-tahm [laoy-taa-m], £., leisure 

Lug [luog], the ear; the handle 
of a jug. 

Lug, V. to pull the hair. Swed. 
iftify^f ^ P^ ^® forelock. 

Lllffi ▼• to carry with difficulty ; 
to pull violently. * Pig gat inti 
dyke, an it tuk three on us U lug 
it oot.* 

Lump [luomp], v. to beat on the 
head with sufficient violence to 
cause a lump to rise. *If thoo 
disn*t hod tht noise Ah*ll lump 
thy heead fo' th^.' 

Lump-skull [luomp-skuol],£. and 
W., a blockhead. 

LuigouB [luonzhus] ; Lunghy 
[luon-zhfK E., lumberingly awk- 
ward. * Noo then, thoo great 
lunjous lubber ! keep tht feet off 
mall corns.' 

LuigouB, N.y adj. enraged almost 
to madness. 

Lunt [luont], £., a clash ; a col- 
lision; a noisy, clattering im- 
pact. * Wheel com off, an we 
com doon inti rooad wY sike a 

Lutheraok [luoilh-ur'uk], a splat 
of offensive viscous matter; a 
term applied especially to expec- 
torated phlegm. 

Lutheraok, N. and K, a large 
quantity. * What a lutherack o' 
pie he's gotten on his plate.' 

Mik [mu], pron. me. The non- 
emphatic form. 

Ma [me*], N. and W., adj. and 
adv. more. More frequently 

Xad [maad], adj. angry. 'As 
mutd as a heiaar (bear) wiv a sooar 

Kaddle [maad'l], y. to bewilder 
or perplex. *Ah*s fiur maddled 
amangit alL' 

Maddlin [maad'lin], adj. con- 

Kafted [maafiad], pp. oppressed 
with heat. * Cum in, thoo leeaks 
ommost ma/ted.' 

Kah [maa], pron. my. Gener- 
ally used where emphasis is re- 
quired ; in other |»lacea it is f?>« 
or mi. In E. mah is pronounced 
[maay] before words beginning 
with a vowel. 

Mahvil [maa-vil], a marble. 

* Ah'll gi thd a gam at mahviU.^ 

Maiden [me'h'dn], a servant-girL 

* Smith maiden,^ Smith's servant- 

Main [me'h'n], very; exceed- 
ingly. * Ah's main glad tl see 
th^ leeakin se weel.' When 
Bichard, Duke of Gloucester, 
was intriguing for the usurpa- 
tion of the crown, he brought 
up from Middlehajn, in York- 
snire, a troop of burly yeomen, 
his tenants, with whom he con- 
versed, when at Middleham, on 
the most familiar terms. This 
troop was drawn up in Fins- 
bury Fields, and Hichard was 
present, when one of the yeomen 
soldiers went up to him, and, dap- 
ping him on tne shoulder, said, 

* Dickon, Dickon, Ah's main 
blythe thoo's boon to be king.' 

Main-sweear [meh'n-swih'r], N,, 
V. to swear ralsely. 

Maisther [me-h'sthur'], master ; 
the head of a house. ' As a 
maistre ower his seruantes.' — 
Hampole, Treatise on Lift. 

Maistherfol [mae'sthufuol], adj. 

Mak [maak], v. to make. 
' Als fre mak I thee. 
As hert may think or egh may 

Commencement of Athelstan's 


charter to the town of Beverley ; 

an early translatiuu from tlie 

Kak, a sliiipe; a moke; a biitii. 
Maklcen [itmaku], |i. p. of to 

Mak nor ihap [niaak-iiu-cihaap]. 
' Tbilt coout'w iiwiatlier male nvr 
ihap.' is neither well-i^liaped cor 

Kales an mandhers [maaks-uii- 
inaauiiliuz], B. and N., every 
possible kind. ' All muka aii 
miindkera a' tilings.' 

Hak - sharp [mauk-sliaa'p], be 

Mai [oiaal], N., V. to shout; to 

Halak fmae'luk], an uproar, or 
coniniiitioii. ' They kicked up a 
bonny maliik.' 

Ham, Uammy [niaam, niaam-i], 
niothi'r. Sometimea used de- 
risivuly to adulte. ' Eim whom 
(homo) tl thy TiPimm;/: 

Han [niaan], curiously used i>cca- 
sinonlly for the Deity. ' There's 
a mail aboon 'U mak y& all care 
some day, it you don't care noo.' 
— Weeleyan Local Preacher's 

Xandheri. See Afakg an niiin- 

Lniib [TuiiHiriah], v. to manage; 

to cultivate land according to a, 

iwrtain method. 
Hanish, adj. niiinly. 
Hanisbment [miian-iBhment], the 

method of cultivating land ; 

hence, sometiinea. in E. and N., 
I manure la so collod. ' Puttin in 

a hit o' ■maiiUhnriit,' spreading 

Manner [nia.wm], umnure. 

Hanner, v. to manure. 

Hant;^ - makker [maan - ti- 

maak'ur'], u dressmaker. 
Har [niiiu'r'], a lake or mere, aa 

' Homsoa mar.' 
Harch-mnck-it-oot. See Febru- 

Hare [rae-h'r, ni^ie-r], adv. more. 

* If we differed lessor mart.' A 

satirical street-aong of Beverley, 

in the 15th century, relative to a 

dispute with the town of HulL 
Hareiih [mae-rish], adj. palat- 

Hh!e; inducing a desire for more. 

See Uoorish. 
Harriage-linea [maar'ij-laaym], 

sb. pi. a marriage-certificato. 
Harrow [moar'u], a match; an 

equal. ' Ah niwer seed his 

Harrow, v. to match; to pair. 
Harrows [maar'uz], sb, pi. a 
pitir; fellows. 'Theintwostockins 

1 ahhreviation 

them cDoals •! 

Harry [m 

of ' hy S 

it's time they w 
Hash [mna.ih], v. to umash. 

' Don't ' " 

Haaty [maasi], mercy. 

Hasiy-on-ni [maas-i - aoa-iiz], 
mercy on us. 

Hattber [niaath'ur"], v. to like ; 
to approve of, ' Ah think mah 
missus disn't mich mattUtr her 
new maiden.' 

Kattben [maath-u^], sb. pi. (1) a 
quantity. ' H6 yfi had onny 
mntther» o' rain T' your pnyt' 
(district) ? (2) Importance ; 
consequenco. ' It's neeah tmiI- 



Mandlin-fair [maudlin-fae-r], R. 
and W., a fair held at Hedon, on 
the feast of St Magdalen. 

Maundher [maundhur'], v. to 
talk in a gloomy, despondent 
manner; to make mournful 
noises whilst sleeping. 

Haut [mau't], malt. 

Maw [mau*], the stomach. ' Ah 
can't eeat nt mare, mt maw^s 
ommost hrussen.* 

Mawk [mauk], a maggot. 

MawldiL [mau'kin], a scare- 

Mawkish [mau'kish], adj. feel- 
ing slightly indisposed. 

Mawky [mau-ki], adj. (1) mag- 
goty, as ^ mawky cheese.* (2) 
Pale and sickly-looking, like a 

Mawmy [mau'mi], adj. soft, and 
lacking nrmness and juice. Ap- 
plied to apples and pears. 

May-geslin [mae-gez-lin], a May 
gosling. On the first of May 

* Mny-gesUns * are made after the 
fashion of April fools. 

Mazed [mae-zd], adj. bewil- 
dered ; confused ; perplexed. 
When George Fox was preach- 
ing at Patrington, in 1G52, he 
was apprehended and taken be- 
fore a neighbouring justice, who, 
observing that he did not take 
off his hat, and address him as 
thee and thou, enquired, * Who is 
this man ? is he mazed^ or fond * 
(an idiot) ? 

Mazzen, Mazzle [maaz*n, maaz-l], 
V. to perplex ; to bewilder. 

* This noise mazzens m& seeah, 
Ah deeant knaw what Ah's 

Mazzenin [maaz-nin], adj. con- 

Meal [raeel], E., the quantity 
of milk given by a cow at one 
milking. See MeeaL 

Meant-ont [ment-aont], £. and 
W., meaning of it. 'Ah've a 
strange, queer feeling i* my in- 
nards; Ah knawn't meanintnU 

Mebby [meb*i], adv, it may be ; 
perhaps. * Mebby he'll wed her 
efbher all.' 

Meea^pmniB [mi'h'gmmz], sb. pi. 
fancies ; whims ; lownees of 

Meean [mi'h*n], the moon. 

Meean-on [mi*h'n-aon], v. to 
mean; to mtend. 'Whafs thii 
meean-on y deein that? ' 

Meeastlins [mi-h'stlinz], adv. 
mostly. Also MooasUins. 

Meeat [mi'h't], meat ; frequently 
used to designate flesh meat as 
distinguished from other kinds 
of food. Also, in E., beef, as Sa- 
tinet from mutton, pork, ftc. 

Meeten [mee-tn], p. p. of to 

Mell [mel], a mallet 

Mellah [mel*u], adj. mellow ; 
ripe. Applied to apples and 
pears. * Ten a penny, mellah 

Mellah-hooal fmel-u-uo-h'!"], a 
hole in a stack, or other place, 
where boys put apples to npen. 

Melten, p. p. of to 7nelL 

Menden, p. p. of to meyid, 

Mennad [men*ud], N., a minnow. 

Mens [menz], improvement; 
amendment. *He awlas was a 
bad un, an Ah see ni mens in 
him yit.' 

Mense [mens], tidiness ; glosei- 
noss ; good manners ; decency. 
' That lass hez nayther sense nor 

Mensefal [men'sfuoll, adj. tidy; 
presentable. * Mak thysen wwtMc- 
ful afoor thoo gans tl chotoh' 
(church). Clearly trom Old Eng. 
mensk/ul, honourable in aspect. 



rXeiuelfliS [niHn'sIuH], ndj. with- 
out neatuosa or dewncy. 

Xenila [mer-Uz^, a game played 
oa a, aqiiBTo bnard with 18 pegs, 
nine on each siile. Called in 
many pnrts nine men's morris. 

UeBsment [moa'inent], n Utler of 
articles : a pieto of work spoiled 
by unskilful manipulatiuu. 

Het [mut], a measure of two 

Het-pooak [met-puo'h'k], a two- 
bushel saok, 

Kew [men, niiw], p. t, of to 
mow ; mowed ; (Ed mow. 

Kew fmeu'], n quantity of com 
piled up iu the bum iu reruliueas 
for thrashing. In E.. also, ap- 
plied to a pile of hay. 

Hew'd ap [meu'd-uop], piled up, 
in superfluity, like a cnra fwir 
in B bam. ' Noo Betty's flitted 
tiv a lahtler hoos, she's fairlj- 
mnc'd up wiv her ftmnither, an 
hez it ya peeace upon another.' 

Mewl [meu-i], v. to mew, aa a 
cat doea ; to cry like a young 

TKi awn cheek [mi-au'n-chee-k], 
entiroly to myBelf. ' Ah'd a 
(jTiayt •>' yal all ti nit du'ti rhtrk.' 

Hich [mich], adj. or adv. much. 

■ Myche tber woa of pime and 
play,'— LnJforierf'Jrfflur, 1.258. 

Kioh of a michneii [mic1i-uv-u- 
miub-nua}, pretty similar ; on an 
equality. Tlsed in comparison 
of things nearly similar. 

Midda [mid'u], a meadow ; a 
field set apart for mowing, aa 
distinct from a pasture. 

Hiddln [midin], a dunghill. 

Hiddlin rmid*1inj, adj. in a 
moderatoly fair irtat« of health. 

■ Nohhut middlin' somewhat 

lEiddliniHh [inid-liDish], comp. 
< lidj- applying to persons, things. 

curcumstances, or conditions; im* 
plying a medium degree of ; as, 
' Ah's miiidliuiih,' tolerably 
well. 'He's middlinith off,' in 
comibriaible circumatancea. ' A 
mi'ldlinUh few,' a good quantity. 
* A middliniah lot o' tatdes,' a 
medium crop, &c. 

Uidge [niij], a small species of 
out-door ny ; a term also ap- 
plied contemptuously to peraona 
of diminutive stature. 

Sid-ray- Bimday [mid-rnc-suon'- 
du], Mid-Lent tiunday ; when 
the rays of the aun are vertical 
to the equator, or mid-way on 
the earth. See Tid, Uid, Uu- 
eray, £c. 

Uilkea [rail'kn-], p. p. of to 

Milt [railt], N. and W., the 
spleen of an animal. See Oat- 

Minoh [minah], N.. t. to walk 
niincingly: to suppress an im- 
[Mirt-ant point in a narrative or 

Mind [maaTiid], v. (1) to remem- 
ber, as, ' Ah mind it varry weel ; ' 
(2) toobserve; (3) to be careful; 
(4) to take care of, as, ' Cum an 
mind bayns, whahl Ah aahve 

Minden [maayu'dn], p. p. of to 

Mint [mint], a fwiblc or porfimo- 
tori' pretence of doing anything. 
' He meead a 7n>iil at it. bud 
nivTor &amed aa if he meant tl 
deeah it.' 

Miidoot [misdoo-l], v. to doubt 
Mialett [misles't], t. to molest. 

•r -1*1. m^ 


_' ■»- 

•4. _« 

fa. ■♦fc -^ _:--i_t: t:- 


1 ^'Tir i» i !•:▼ 

::-. ' -:. iu- 

z:.Ai=. ^ 

••lire ■?. A 
it' zri 

^ z .— - - • — •■ 

HI- •ili 'iri-- 

-__ "^. Lr-r 

V ' .■ '. • • 

-•If— i . ■■' .'cm.:*!, A.t ITT ^t. J. 



Honther, or Moother [moo'tlmr'], 
N.. tho toll of flour taken by 
millers in payment for grinding. 
"When Buapected of helping him- 
aolf too Lborally, the nuller b 
said ' to knaw hoo tl moothtr.' 

Mow-bont-hay [maow-baont-ao], 
N., hay, which hnring been 
Blacked when wot, becomes 
heated, and ntxiuiroii a peculiar 
flavour and amell. 

Howdie [maowdil, W„ a mole- 
catcher. QonerellyAiml-mowdU. 

Kowdiewarp fmaowdi-waa]i], 
W.. a mole; A.8. mold, earth; 
trti-Tpan, to caet up. See Mow- 
thad, which is more used. 

Howthad [maowdhud], a mnk. 

Kowthadin [maow-dhud-iu], 
pr. pp. the profoBaioa of catching 
molos. ' IIo's teean tl moutha- 
din for a livin.* 

Xnok [muolcl, (1) dirt; (2) 
manure; (3) inN., also,appboa 
to rain and snow, as, ' It's Tarry 
murky weather, we sol he Bum 
mntk a' sum eooart afooar lang.' 
' Cleean muck,' earthy dirt, as 
distinKuiahed from that of a more 
offensive character. 

Huek, V. (1) to manure. 'Ah 
niwis ml land weel." (2) To 
dirty, or Boit. ' Doeant mack thi 


Knok-oheeap [muok-cbi-h'p], 
adj. dirt-choap, i. t, very much 
below the market price. 

Unck-heeap [muuk-i'h'p],a dung- 
hill ; also a term of reproach. 

l[ock-lather,Ktiok-Bweat [muok- 
laadh-ur', muok-awi'h't], a 
clammy pornpiration covering 
the body bke a lather of eoap. 

Xnokment [muok'ment], dirt ; 
filth. Also applied to disre- 
putable characters. 'Ah weeant 
can on rooad w1 sike mtukmnd 

Unck-middin [muok-midin], a 

Uuck-oot [nmok-oo't], to clean 
out a pig-etyo, &c. 

Hnck-Bpoot [muok-spoo't], a 
term apphed to a dirty-person, 
or one wao uses filthy latiguago; 
a general term of reproach or 

Hnck-np [miiok-uop], N. and E., 
to throw up an engagement dis- 

Haok-vatther-dhreeau [mu'ik- 
waath'ur-dhri'h'n], a dung-hill 

Mucky [muok'i], adj. dirty; 
mean; dishonourable. 'It was 
a mucky thing tt promise tl see 
liim thruft, an then leeave him 
tl got oot on't aa he could.' 

Maoky, v. to soil. See Xuok (2). 

Hud [muod], v. might. ' It 
mu(i nappen sccah.' it might m 

Hudkap [muod'aap], adv. per- 
haps : it might happen. 

Mull [muol], v. to spoil by un- 
skilful workmanship. 

Hully-^bB, or MoUy-gmbi 
fmuol-i-gruobz, maol-i-], sb. pi. a 
fit of the sulks, or bad temper. 

Molly-puff [muol'i-puof], N. and 
E.. a sweat. ' Why, thoo's all of 
a muUi/'puff.' 

Mummy [muemi], a pulpy moss. 
'When we tpeai (took) apples 
oot o' cart, they we' posht all 

Mump [muomp], N., a quick 
blow on the mouth, g^ven with 
the back of the hand. 

Mumpen [muom'puz], N. and 
W.. fb. pi. small, unsaleable 
apples. See Orutnpy. 

Man [muon], v. must. ' Ah 
munbe off heeam.' Used almost 
entirely with a future foroa. 



Mnn [mnnl apparently a cor- 
raption of man. Used to gire 
einphasis to an assertion. * Mun ! 
AhHckthim.' 'Didtha? Ah 
thowt thoo wad, mun,* 

Mnnge. See Moonge. 

Mnsli, or Mash [muosh], maash, 
a fragmentary mass ; a pulpy 
heap. * He's throdden on it, an 
noo it's nowt bud mush,' 

Myawl [m'youl], E. and W., v. 
to mew like a cat ; to cry. * Stop 
thy myawUn,^ cease your crying. 
Fr. miauler, to mew. 

My hearty [mi-aa*ti], a form of 
salutation. *Hoo gooas it, my 
hearty V N., equivalent to * How 
are you getting on, friend of my 

Mysen [misen*], pron. myself. 
' Ah mun dee it my sen ^ Ah see, 
as neeabody else sets aboot it.' 

Vab Tnaab], N., a promontory; 
an aorupt termination of a range 
of uplands. Knab^ or kTiap, a 
round hill; a protuberance. Ob- 
solete. A.S. cnwp, 

Vab, V. to catch ; to capture ; to 
seize hold of. * Jack Bobins went 
oot las' neet tt nab a hare ; bud 
keepers nab'd him.' 

Vabs [naabz], sb. pL See Habs 
an nabs. 

Vabs. His nahtt, W., the appel- 
lation of a vain, pretentious, or 
impudent person. * He begun tt 
talk big, Dud Ah seean sattled 
his nabs,* 

Vaok [naak], X., an affected style 
of speaking ; v. to speak affect- 

Hackin an crackin [naak-in-nn- 
kraak'in], N., making use of 
stilted language, or of long words 
without understanding their 
meaning, or applying them cor- 

Haf [naaf], the nave of a wheel. 

Vail [nehl], r. to flog or beat ; 
also, to dench an argument, or 
overcome a di^ntant in a con- 
troversy. ' He said Ah sad niwer 
win if Ah bet o' Sondah, an Ah 
said saatanlye 3ran on ns mnM 
win, an that naifd him.' 

VaU, V. to catch. ^Ah naifd 
him just as he was comin cot o* 

Vailin [ne-hlin], a chastisement. 

Vaney-pretty [naan si-prit-ij, the 
flower London-pride; a kind id 

Vantle [naanti], v. to work 
feebly, lan^dly, or imperfectly. 
* He's gettm past work noo, poor 
awd chap, bud he nanUe* aboot a 
bit iv his garden.' 

Vap an rattle [naap-tm-raat'I], 
£. and N., nonsensioEd or boast- 
ing talk. * It's neeah use takkin 
nooatis o' what that chap ses; 
he's nowt bud nap an rattiej 

Vap-np [naap-nop], v. (1) to eat 
rapidly and with a relish; (2) 
to catch np anything eagerly 
and at once. A cormptioii of 


Varra - racket [naarm-raak -it], 
W., a narrow lane between hign 
walls, in which passing footsteps 
produce an echo, or racket (noise). 

Vasty [naas-ti], adj. cross; ill- 
tempered; obstinate. 

Hat [naat], W. ; Hnt [nnot], E 
and N., adv. not. 

Hat afoor time [naat^uo-h*- 
taa*m], adv. not before it is re- 
quired. * Ah see thy*re beginnin 
tt mend rooad, an nat afoor timej 

Hat all there fnaat-aul-thaei^], 
adj . witless ; deficient in intellect ; 
meaning that the person spoken 
of has not his brains aU there^ or 
in his head. 

Hath-er [naath-ur'], E. and K., v. 
to complain in a grumbling, de- 
spondent tone. 



ITatheral [n^illi-ur'ul], an idiot. 
Natheral-bayn [nnnth-ur'ul- 

bi'li'ii], nil illegitimate child. 
Battle [naiit-1], E. and N., v. 

to scratdi. ' Thore'e a maoeo 

(mouao) nattUn i' doaet.' 
Hay [ne'h"], adv. no; a negative 

respond. See Neeah. 
Haydhnr [iie'hMhur', nac'dlmr'], 

W., cdtij. iioither. 
Hazly [i.aaz-U], E. and N., a.lj. 

drowHy-lookine. ' It'a time bayn 

woa hiciui ti bed ; ho loeakti vurry 

Vaxtj [naazi], adj. slightly in- 

Hear [ni'h'r], adj. cloai- ; pnrai- 
monioua; niggardly. 

Hear, E., adj. underdone, in cook- 
prj-. Seo Rear. 

Hear-bye [ni'h'r-bi], N. and W., 
adv. iu close proximity, 

Heb [nob], the beak of a bird j 
used also tor the nose, in Brook- 
ing to a child. ' Cock up thl net 
aa lot's kiss tba.' ' Witchea an 
warlocks, aa lang-n^i'rf things.' 

Neck-brek [nek-brek], E. ; Heck- 
brake, N, and W., ailj. and adv. 
headlong; impetuously; at dan- 
gerous speed. ■ He went alang 
at a nfei'brek pace.' 

Heddy-rack [netli-raak],'W.. egg 
and bacon pie. 

Heeable fnih'bl], \V. ; Neeavle 

[ni-h'vl], N.. the navel. 
Heeaf [ni-h'f], N. and W., the 

Heeagnr [ai-h'guV], a negro; also, 

a contemptible fellow ; a stingy 


Heeagur-dhraver, an exacting 
employer of labour. 

h [nib'], adj. no. This form, 
*" ' I aerer adverbial, is 

HBod in a difftirent sense from 
i"';i, the Litter being a simple 
ue^tivo resjxinae ; this used 
adiectirely in conjunction, with a 
substantive, aa in the Holdemesa 
' Ncrah-hoAy oomin t! marry mo.' 

Heeah - grit - thaka [ni-h'-gri-b't- 
ahaaka], of disreputable charac- 
ter. ■ As for Tom, he's neeak- 
grit-flinka ; Ah wadn't thrist 
him fother then Ah could seo 
him.' Also, anjiJiing of an in- 
ferior description or objection- 
able chai-acter. 

Heeah-nowta [nih'-naawts]. If 
two boys are walking together 
aad one picks up a prizo, bo 
ahouts fieeah-votett, and keeps 
the whole of it, but if his com- 
panion forestalla him, and cries 
hauvf», he is entitled to halt of it, 

Heeak't [nih'kt], adj. naked. 

He«an [nih'n], none; any; also, 
noon. "Ah weeant hE itteaa,' 
1 will not have any. 

Neean o' yer jaw [nib'n-u-yn- 
jaw]. 'Let's h5 iieM7i o' yfrjaio,' 
do not bo insolent. 

Heean-ieeata [ni'h'n-ai-h], not ao. 
' Neean-ierah .' bo'U nut deeah 
it; he's nut sike a foeaL' 

Nep [nop], a., a kisa ; v. to kiss. 

HesUe [nea-l], v. to fidget. 

Hertly [neali], N. and K, adj. fid- 
gety ; reatleaa. ' We mud as 
nee! bo etartin; meear's gettin 
Tarry iifatli/,' 

HetteB [net-n], p. p. of to nel. 

Hevell j;nevil], N. and E., v. to 
beat Tiolontly with tho firt. 

Hevry [nevi], nephow. 

Hew-begin[neu--bigin'], the name 
of a etroet in Berorley, Himiify- 
ing, probably, when firat built, 
new buUdinpfi, fVom tho Icet. 
hi/ggjn, to bndd. 



Vewk [niwk], N. and W., a cor- 
ner ; more generally used to de- 
signate the inside comer of the 
firo-plaoe, which is sofficientlj 
large to admit a chair, and is 
appropriated to tiie master of the 
house. The Scotch term is the 
Ingle-neuk. Early £ng. Nok, a 
comer. — Haudock, 820. 

Vewsin [neu'z'inl pp. gossipiog ; 
talking scandal 'There was 
neeab^y there bud three awd 
gossips, newnn tegither ower a 
dish o' tea.' 

Vewsy [neu'zi], a^j. addicted to 
gossiping or scandal-bearing. 

an nabs [nibz-un-naabz], bit 
by bit; by piece-meal; desul- 
torily. Sometimes, *Bi hab$ and 

Vioely [neys'li], adv. for a^j. in 
good health. 'Hoo's thi wifeP' 
* Oh, nicely,' 

Vick, [nik], a notch ; a catting ; a 
drain. A drain cut by a mem- 
ber of the Bethel family, of Bise, 
Holdemess, went by the name 
of « Bethel nick: 

Hick, v. to over-reach ; to cheat ; 
to charge an exorbitant ^xice. 
' He chayged th& fahve shillins 
fot, did he P Weel, he's nick'd 
thk this tahm.' 

Viddle-noddle [nid-l-naod-1], N., 
V. to do anythmg in a dreamy, 
bewildered, or stupefied way. *He 

rs niddU-nodcUin aboot as if 
didn't knaw what he was 
deeahin on.' 

Hifiy-nafiy Fnif'i-naaf *i], v. to do 
anything listlessly or perfunc- 

Higgle [nig-1], v. to trifle over 
work, or to do it bit by bit, with- 
out vigour or perseverance. 

High [naa-y], N. and W., adj. and 
adv. Tlus, although not sbictly 
a dialect word, has become al- 

most obsolete in common par- 
lance elsewhere, but still main- 
tains its place in Holdemess, in 
N. and W. 'Which is nighed 
rooad tit BoUiton P ' ' You mnn 
can doon that looan sthraight 
forrad, bud you'll find it nigh 
uppa sixmahL' Nighesi, although 
generally, is not always synon- 

Snous with gainui^ as in the 
oldemess version of a common 
proverb. '^ig^Aesfwayisn'tawlas 
gaineii; ' meaning thatt^e shorter 
road, in point of distance, takes a 
longer time to traverse, in conse- 
quence of its bad condition, ftc 

High-band [naay-aand], N. and 
W., adv. near-bjr; approximat- 
ing, or approaching to. ' It's noo 
nigh-hand npol' three year sin Ah 
com tl this noes.' 

Him [nim^, N., v. to walk nim- 
bly, or with agile steps. 

Hinny-hammer [nini-aamm/], a 
fool. More used in the Nocth 
Biding than in Holdemess. 

Hip [nip], a pinch ; a squeeze. 

Hip, T. to pinch; to squeeze; 
aiso, to stint in food or wages, by 
an avaricious employer. 

Hip, V. to vralk hastily. 'Ah 
could nip up tif Hedon Tneeah 

_^ aboot [nip-uboo't], v. to do 
anything briskly, or with vijeoui. 
' Awd woman nipa aboot l&e a 
young lass.' 

je [neyp], N., the beak of a 

Hipper [nip-ur'] ; Hip-skitter 

[mp-skith-ur'], a greedy, nig- 
gardly person. 

Hitherin [nidh-or'in], pp. shiver- 
ing with cold. 

Hitherin, E. and W., pp. laugh- 
ing or giggling involuntarily, 
with an effort to suppress or con- 
ceal the emotion. 




niVtfer sweat, ho ia,' 

Hiwer, E. and W,, a curiously 
duplicated aegatiys form of ex- 
pression ; sometimoa, indeed, used 
in connection with a. multiplica- 
tioii of negatives, as, ' Hezn't 
neeahody seen nowl o' iiiwer 
a hat ueeawheear ? ' 

Jffivrer - deea-weel [nivu-dih'- 
wee-l], an idle, profligate young 
man, so called proeuosticavQly. 
Identical with the Scotch Neer- 

IToah'B Ark [uau-h's-aak], clouiils 
forming a sort of oltipao, points 
at tlio ends Uke the prow of a 
boat, supposed to betoken rain. 
Su called also in Ei^sex, and 
probably common. 

Nobble [naobi], N., v. to strike 
on the hoad ; to acquire ; to 

Nobbnt [naob-u't], com. only. In 
W., unless. "There was ^wbbit 
me an Tom there.' ' Ah weean't 
gan yiolibat thoo dia bu all,' I 
will not go unless you go also. 
' No man gon into a strouge 
mannoa hous may take awey lua 
vessels, no-hat he bynde firete the 
strouge man.' — Wydif, St Mark, 
iii. 27. 

Noddy [naod'i], a simpleton. 

Noggin [naog-in], half a jack, or 
one-eighth of a pint of liquid 

No-hoo [no-oo-], adv. not in any 
way. 'Ah'vethried it all manner 
o' waj-s, bud can't fettle it «o- 

Noiae [naoyz], v, to gossip, 'He 
gans noisiii aboot toon asteead o' 
mindiu bia bianoes,' 
Nominy [naom-ini], K, a set 

h or form of words ; a pro- 

l oration. ' He gets weel 

throff his iinmiiiy,' le said of a 
town- crier. ' Ho knawa his 
nomiiiy aa weel aa a chotch 

Noo [noo'], adv. now. 

Nooan-he [nuo-h'n-ee], none, or 
not, he. N., Neeuii Aa. 'Ho 
woeiint budge tl deeah it this 
hauf-hoor, nooaa-ht.' 

Nop [naop], E. and N., the head, 
or the top of anything. ' Noo 
thou, can^ttha f(nd nowtbetther 
tl doooh thou knock tkisale-nopt 
off?' Kiinp, i. «, knob. 

Nopa, or Enawp [naop], v. to 
strike, with a stick or other im- 
pleuent. usually on the head or 
knuckles. Al*o, sb. a blow. See 

Nopin [nau-pin]. a chaBtisoment. 

many-headea ; full of Tiop*. 

Nor [nur], W,, conj. than. 'It's 
botther nor a mile, good wolkin,' 

Nots [nno'h'tl a bill, or invoice, 
of gooda, lie term bUl ia not 
usually made ueo of for a atato- 
ment of account. ' Ah'Ye cum tl 
settle ml note' (or nooat). 

Notber [naodh'ur'], a trembling 
or ahiveriugtit ; v. to shake ; to 
tremble. ' Hoo cawd it ia ; Ah's 
all of a nother.' See Nitheria, 
of which this ia a variation of 

Notbran^leets [naoilhTun-lee-ta], 
sb. pi. northern lights; the 
Auroni Doroalia. 

Nottablo [naot-uobl], N., a^. 
active ; indiiatrious ; thrifty in 
household matters. A term ap- 
plied chiefly to women. 

NowtTnaowt], notliing. 'What 
Ah diz ia jimvt tl neeabody bud 
myaen.' ' Ah said notut tl neea- 
body, an neeabody said ttoiet O 
mo. ' No put noial al in t^y 
male.' — Proverbs of Hendyng 


u ^.imruA. irxtz. 

[aok^sthaz^ the tumr 

S'i'VTJiAr 'afc.-^-ihixr\ 'W.. 

OU u>^i}7 tuU- sequestered j 
ilone. "A mid hooa,' a hoiue 
■tf iiiiiimg remote from others. 

OidlxK [jod4iii], the last lemain* 

fzur jarvimr of a fiunilr or com- 

monxsr : ^e last articie of a set 

o^^ - *-*"*•> .• J' - rnmamfzi^ imhrokcni ; also, a 

r'irT'*" :^n:.'^x:^it^^.K-- OM™ [aod-finz], sb. pL le- 

. .^ < . -;..., ~j-^ -^ .^^ sLisiiiersw 'Apples is ommost 

2^ -tr — <r-!idu? ie iti«iix. boii Ah think weVe a few 

^- . ^:r'M.?. L «iM. ~ OdifrnfTrt [aodinent], a rem- 

j"-i§2?' • - - * ■ ^- *^'-^ ^^' *i:- ^**^^ 

^^:- u:: :-u<:c ?«ftfr=n;r i (Md time (tmlmi, y.) [aod- 

: :^:. jUiiTixL], leisure; spare moments. 

XniJ :: 11 . MI'. iViT-irl . '^ can't see aboot itnoo^bud 

... ^^-'^". ' i^-^i^j* ' Ai sal hev a bit ot odd ^iWnezt 

iai;m-iiL'i\ J 

Odhen [andhuz], X. and W., 
way; Cftshion; method. 'Ah*s 
_ . .- , iiune oat Kxm ti Stan by an see poor 

^" 3r ca^-a^Mil LjJ knock't aboot I that odhen: 

Od-rmbbit-it ! [aod-iaab*it-it], an 
inlezjectional expletire of annoy- 
ance. In X. Doixd-rabhiUit ! 
^zrxiz .. : iiT y . 1 Ter?.:n oi.r^t.CTi [aod-raot-um], similar 

to the above, but stronger. In N. 

;a LiL~r&ii.L 

:. r.*v . j^Ttl'. -^ -jf :i superior! 


Hurkin* -rkir/. -^.issin.- : I <» [^^' ?•' *^\ ^ '^^'' 
*-:r^r:Ar{ve. • Atne's a u .rW-* ^-'^ ti gun. I m about to go. 

wi:. h : i: r-wat? ch« toh oKx^k bi 

L.»:ii-.i~-h».<ir a Jjiv/ 
Vatmng [ : luot • m u- c] . X . and W. , 

a nutnivg. 

0' [n], prrp. of; en. *Yan o* 
them chaps.' See Ov. 

Oaf [jitrfj, an awkward, blunder- 
iu^ I(Mit. 

Obleege [uMrej], K and W. ; 
Oblaage [ubloa-j], N., v. to 

Obsthropalus [aobslliniop-ulus], 
mlj. iiwkwiml ; obriitinuto ; up- 

Offied [aof-il], £., oifal; the cut- 
tings of pork when a pig is killed. 
* We sail he* plentj- ov offal noo 
we gotten her killed.' 

OSblL, adj. worthless ; vile. 

Offal-fella Faofil-fel-u], a low, 
disroputablo person. 

Offaly [aof-uli], X., adj. Same 

Off-cnnthry-chaps [aof-kuon-thri- 
chaaps], sb. pi. men from a dis- 

Offens [aof u'nz], adv. often. * He 
offrHS gets a sup owor mich.' 



OldHBilk, Awd-milk [aud-milk], 
E., skim-milk. Soo also Blue- 

Ominost [aom'ust], adv. almost. 
In E., occasionally, Amooast 

On [aon], prep. of. * It was yan 
OH em, Ah knaw.* Often used 
superfluously, as, * Thrawin on 
em doon,' *Puttin on em inti 

On [a on] I busied with; engaged 
upon ; in a flurried state of mind. 

* He's nicely on with hisson,' he 
is in a disturbed or agitated state 
of mind. 

On end [aon-end], in an upright 
position. * Sittin on end i' bed.' 
In E. and N. Ower-end, 

Onny [aon*i], adj. any. 

Onny-bit-like [aon-i-bit-leyk],E., 
at all reasonable; promising in 
appearance; assuring in aspect; 
in a moderately fair state. *Ah 
could ha putten up wiv her if 
she'd been onny-hit-IiJce,^ In N. 
and W. OtoUaUall-like, 

Onny-hoo [aon*i-oo*], in anyway; 

On*t [aont], of it ; on it. ' That's 
end onH* 

Oonce [oQ-ns], N. and E., v. to 
drive away; to send one uncere- 
moniously about his business. 

* Oonce that dog oot.* 

Oor-fooaks [uo'h'-fuo'h'ksl sb. pi. 
our people ; persons belonging 
to our family. * He's nat yan of 
oor fooaJu; Ah deeant knaw 
wheear he cums fra.* 

Oorsens [uo'h'senz], pron. pL our- 
selves. See WersenB. 

Oot [oo't], N., V. to despise; to 
look less favourably upon than 
upon the rest : appued to mem- 
bers of a family. * lieeath fayther 
an muther ooifd poor Jack.' 

Oothoose foo't-oo's!, E., a tool- 
house. Not used m the ordinary 
English sense of the word. 

Ootidge [ootij], N., the full par- 
ticulars of ; tne full extent of. 

Ootlins [oo'tlinz], N., another 
form of Ootidge. 

Oot-0-fettle [oo-t-u-fet-1], out of 

order ; disordered ; unwell. 

Oct o' geeat [oot-u-gi-h't], (1) 

out of the way ; (2) dead. S 


Qeeat and Qate. 

Oot^y-jimmers [oo't-u-jim-uz], N., 
out of working order : said of a 
piece of mechanism. 

Ootside [ootsaayd], the utmost 
extent; the extreme limit. 'Ther 
mud be three, bud that's ootside' 

0* porpnB [u-paor^pus], on pur- 
pose; intentionally. 

Oppen-gob [aop'n-gaob], an open- 
mouthed or talkative person; a 
revealer of secrets. 

Ordinary [audnur'i], adj. of poor 
quality. ' That last floor (flour) 
we had was varry ordinary^ 
Also Omary. 

Organs [aor'gunz], E., sb. pi. 
pigs. A humorous designation, 
probably firom their discordant 
voices. ' Sarve organs,^ feed the 

Omary [au*nur'i], W., adj. See 

Ossin-dog [aos*in-daog], E., a log 
of wood by a house door, at which 
horses are moimted. N. and W. 

Other [aothur'], v. (1) to talk 
wanderingly or foolishly ; (2\ E. 
and W., to be decrepit; (3) to 
work feebly. 

Otherin [aothnir'in], adj. slow- 
witted. The village of Ottrin^-' 
ham is often said by sarcastic 
neighbours to have got its name 
from its otherin inhabitants. 



Otherin-aboot [aothtu^in-uboo't], 
poing about in a stupid, blunder- 
ing way. 

Other-pooak [aoth*u-puo*h'k], a 
silly, blundering person. 

Otherskeat [aoth*u-8kee*t]. Same 
as Otherpooak. In N. Sheeat, 

Other-some [uodh-u'-snom], N., 
pron. others. ' Some says it is, 
other-wme nut.' ' Some fooaks is 
waase ti pleease then othcr-Bome,' 

Othertehoy [aoth-u'tiyaoy]. 
Same as Otherpooak and Other- 

Otherwhiles [uodh-uwaaylz], E. 
and W., at other times. 

Ov [uv], prep. of. Used before 
vowels. Soe O and On. 

Owad, W. ; Ower, N. and K 

[aowud, aowur'], prep. over. 

* Harvest's aboot owad,* 

Ower [aow'ur^, adv. too; too 
much; over. < Thou's ouwr awd,' 
too old. 

Ower, N. and E., v. to get over ; 
to pass through; to endure. 

* Ho 8 owered a bad time lately.* 

Ower-anent, W. ; Ower-anenst, 

E. [aowur'-unent, unenst], over 
against ; opposite. In N. Ower- 

Ower an ower^ageean [aowur*- 

un-^owur' ugi'h'n], often ; fire- 

Ower-end [[aowur'end], (1) up- 
right. (2) In a sitting posture. 
•Can he get ower-end f i.e. sit 
up in bed. (3) Ekted. ' He's 
mccly ower-end aboot his bit o' 
fottun' (fortune). (4) Excited 
by anger. 

Ower thwart [aowu-thwaa*t], 
adv. across; crosswise. 'Out 
that beeom owerthwart,* 

Ower-year [aowur'-i-h'r], R, till 
next year or season ; t. e, over the 
current year. *Ah'U keep that 
pig ower-year,* 

Owm[aow'm]yN. SameasEUam, 

Owt [aow*t]y anght; anything. 

Owt-like J^aow-t-leyk]; used 
generally in rafaranoe to tiie 
health or weather. * Ahll ooma 
if Ah'sou^^Oe,'— AtallwelL <Ah 
sail gan if weather be otof-Ziibe.' 

Ow-welt [aow-welt], K, a sheeo 
or other animal on its back, and 
unable to rise. An abbreviated 
form of ower-weiif t. e. over- 

Owse raow*z]y y. to pour forth; 
to lade; to deluge. ' Noo then, 
gi fleear a good awxinf Ibr it's 
varry mucky.' loeL omm. 

Paddle [paad-l], v. to trample 
over; to tread down. 'Ah'djust 
gett^ gahdin graved (dug) ower, 
an r g^fittle (order), whenpip 
gat in thruff hedge an paddfd it 
all ower.' 

Pad-doon [paad-docn], to com- 
press or consolidate any loose or 
yielding material, as earth or 
day, by trampling. 

Paddy-noddy [paadi-naod-i], a 
rigmarole speech, tedious and 
purposeless. ' He fi;at up tl mak 
a speeach, bud siJke a 

nocuty Ah niwer heea'd 


Pag [paag], v. to carry a heavy, 
cumbersome burthen. ' She's 
paggin that heavy bayn aboot all 
day lang.' 

PahluB [paa'lns], adj. perilous; 
in jeopardy; in a bad condition ; 
of bad character. * It's a pahlm 
road.' 'Ah'spaAZtMbadwl rheu- 
matiz.' Shakspere, in Borneo and 
Juliet^ Act L sc. iii., sj^eaks of a 
^parlous knock,' and m As you 
like it. Act ni. sc. ii., 'Thou 
art in a parlous state, Shepherd.' 

Palms [paa*mz], E., sb. pL the 
cAtkins of the willow, carried in 
the hand, and used for the 


decoration of rooms, on Polui- 
Siuday. See Faum, 

Falthorly [paul-thuli], E. and K., 
a4J- paltiy ; moon. 

Pan [poan], v. to become adapted 
by UBQ. ' Ho pirns woel tiv his 
\raak (work) noo at hn'a getten 
reet (right, proper) tools.' 'Jock 
on hia wife didu't seem to pan 
tegither at fost, but noo they got 
alSing pnLtty weel.' 

Pftncbon [paan'sbuDJ. AV. and E., 
a largo, coatHe carthou bonl 

Pankeeak-bell [poan-kih'k-bel], 
a church bell, which ia rung at 
eleren o'clock iu the noniiug of 
Shrove^Tuoaduy to let the people 
know that it ia time to cummouco 
making }iui]euj(v<. at the auund 
of wtucn the echoola break up 
and inako holiday for tbo rost of 
the dii)'. 

Pankeeak-Tneadab [paau-kih'k- 
teu'zdu], pancake or Shrove- 

Pankia [pang-kin], N. and W., 
an earthen vessol. 

Pannable [paau'uobl], E. and 
W., a<y. well-adaptod; fitting 
properly; suitable. In N., having 
the property of fitting better by 

PapUb [pu'h'pish], papist. On 
' Itoyal-oak-day ' (May 29th') it is 
ueual for boya to put oak-twiga 
and oak-appluB, sometimea gdt, in 
their hats. Othera, not dfijjlay- 
in^ these emblems, ore hooted 
with tho cry of ' there gooa a 
PapUk,' and pelted with tho e^:gB 
of small birds. What concoction 
the non-observance of this cus- 
tom baa with Poporyit is difficult 
to discover. 

Parlour, or Pablor [paalur"], a 
eleeping-room in a farm-house, 
on tne ground floor. Soe Hoob. 

Pairaeoad [poar'ugaud], N*., t. 

, to t^k in a domineering or over- 
beating stylo. 

Paneyand [paasinim'd], tho 
form &. AmperiLaiid in some 

Pasb [paash], E., a sudden faJl j 
violent impact ; an abrupt or de- 
tormined rush. ' Hain com duon 
in siko jxmAm aa ommost dhroon'd 

Paib, rotten wood; any soft, de- 
cayed, pulpy mass. 

Past [paast], prep, beyond. • Mt 
touath wuaka aeoob, it's patt 
bidin,' — my tooth aches beyond 

Past, pp. disinclined, or incap- 
able ; beyond. ' Ah was that 
tired wi' wolkin ae far Ah was 
p<itt eeatoii onny diuuer.' 

Fastball []>aa8t-Qul], pp. so over- 
come with grief as lo be patt all 
ciiiuolation. ' Ah was ptvsf-alt 
whoa mahpoor lahtlo bivyn deed.' 

Patch [paach], K and N., v. to 
pelt with egga, espedally on May 
29tb, those who have nut an ouk- 
twig in their hats. ' Tiot'a patch 
him, he hesii't onny royal oak 
aboot him — ho'a a I'apiah.' 

Patten [pa:itn], K, v. to mix or 
BJWodute with. 

Faum [patrm], a palm. See 

Faum-'an [paura-8u'n],W., Palm- 

Pawky [pnukij, adj. sly; cun- 
ning ; sharp-witted; E. and N., 
alightly impertinont. A preco- 
cious, pert child' is said tu be a 
' ;>nu'ty bayji.' 

Fawpy [pairpi], E, and N., adj. 
fat ; iTabby : applied generally 
to womfin. 

Pawt, or Pooat [pnut. or puo-li't], 
N, and E., V. {!) to trifle; (o 
dawdle ; to work unwillingly or 
piirfimctorily. &« Pooat. (2) To 
atimip and acmpo ono foot on 
the ground while blAndiug: said 
I'f horses. 



Payt-rain [piie*t-rae*n], a con- 
siderable uil of rain. * Ther was 
piiyt-rain las neef 

Peddle [ped'l], v. to do anything 
on an insi|^ificant scale, or in a 
petty, trifling way. 

Peeachin [pi-h'chiii], N., adj. 

keen; piercing: used generally 
in reference to the wind. 

Peeach't [pih'cht], X., pp. be- 
numbed with cold. * Letrs cum 
tY fire-side ; Ah*s ommostjMflodk'i 
U dooath ' (daftfth). 

Peeagle [pih gu*l], N., v. to do 

anything slowly and unskilfulh'« 

Peea-reeaps [pi-h'-ri-h'ps], X., 

sb. pi. the heaps into which peas 
are gathered m the field when 
Peeart [pi'h*t], atlj. i)ert; cheer- 
ful ; hvely ; apt in reply : gone- 
rally used in reference to a child. 
Also, impertinent, as applied to 
an adult. * She's a peeart bayn, 
she kuaws what's good for her- 
sen.' * lie g^ m^ sum Yoxry peeart 

Peeas-cod [pi*h*z-kaod], W., the 
pod of the pea. A.S. co<i, a bag. 
Peea8'C€il-aumdy an empty peeas- 
cod. * Hot pescoiU'S one began to 
cryo.' — Lydgato's London Lyck- 

Peeazan [pi'h'zn], X., a mischiev- 
ous, incorrigible reprobate. De- 
rived probably from peasant, 
which, rrom being the appellation 
of an honest labourer, has, like 
t»i7fi/i, with a similar meaning, 
been pervertetl into that of a dis- 
reputable or dishonest person. 

Pee-wee [pee- wee*], adj. small; 

Peff [pef], a short, faint cou^h, 
supjwsod to be indicative of id- 
cipient consumption. * Ah decant 
like that nasty peffin cough at 
all ; it Hooiids vany chotch-yaad- 
ish * (church-yardish). 

Peff, v. to give a short cough. 

Peff-away [p^-awae*], to do any- 
tioing with yi^or, earnestness, 
or determination. 'He peggd- 
away at that leg o' mutton like 
a good un.' 

Peg-leg [peg-1^-]. N. and W., v. 
to walk quickly ; ady. rapidly. 
* He peg^Uffd away,' or * he w«at 
peg-leg^ an seean pit tliflm' 

Pelt [pelt], X.yr. to walk or work 
quiddj. 'Let's pelt away an 
get deean.* 

Penny-whittle [peni-witl], a 
boy*s cheap knifo, formerly sold 
for a penny, whence the prefix. 
A.S. hwitel, a knife. Chaucer, 
in the Beeve'a Tale, says of the 
Miller of Trumpington — ' A 
Shefeld thwithel bar he in his 

Perisht Tper-isht], pp. killed with 
cold. JNever used, however, in 
this sense excepting approxi- 
matively, as, * Let's cum an 
warm my sen, for Ah's ommost 

Perk up [per'k-uop], to arouse 
from sleep; to become cheerful ; 
to shew signs of recovery from 

Perky [per-ki], adj. vivacious ; 
lively ; spirited ; pert. ' What a 
perky lahtle thing she is.' 

Pettl'd [petu'ld], pp. indulged to 
excess : applied generally to a 
spoilt child. Also, peevish ; irri- 
table ; discontented. ' Misthress 
is se pettVd yan disn't knaw what 
tt deeah tt pleease her.' 

P^ys [peyz], W., sb. pi. jxias. 
More generally Peeas in N. 

Phleeam [flih'm], a vctorinar^' 
surgeon's instrument for bleed- 
ing cattle. 

Pick [pik], a pick-axe ; a navvy's 
implement for loosening the 

Pick, pitch. Used ailvorbially, 
as * pick-dark,' ])itch-dark. 


■ Tiok, a BudJen piish. Also, v. 
to pueh. ' Hu picU'ii mi doon, 

{'list fo' aowt at all, an theiitliowt 
leth-er on't an pick'il ma up 
Fick-ap [jiik-Hoii], X., to vumit. 
Pick up hia cramba, to stii^w evi- 
dent signs of Tucovery from sick- 
aeaa, eeoeaaiiy bj regaining tost 
■ flesh. 

Piddle [iiiJu'l],E.aiiaW..T.lo 
perform work in a tiifling, caie- 
I less, or unskilful way, ' Poor 
I »wd chnp ! be'a pidiUin ower that 
I bit o' wiutk (work), bud he'a good 
\ ib' nowt noo, he 11 nirver uiuk 
nowt on't.' Also, E., to tickle- 
Pie [paa'y], a mound of potsitous 
or turnips, ooTerod with straw 
and earth for preservation from 
the froat. Also, T. to store pota- 
toes, &c., in an earth-ptr. 
Pie, N., V. to look about in a ely, 
inquisitive manner ; to pry into 
hoiBii and [»mers, like a magpie. 
' Jfissis ia awlaa peopiu e.apieiii 
Piece [poe's], on indeterminato 
space of time. ' He's lived wir 
UB noo a good pUee,' 
Pif-obeer [pig-chih'r], K and 
S., various palatable doiaties 
made from the odds and ends, 
chiefly the viscera, of a pie at 
' pig-kiUing-timo.' Also, plutea 
of mmilar portions of the animal, 
sent round tiA presunte to friends 
and neighbours. 

I [pig'in], N. and W., a 
. small, wooden, hooped vessel, 
with one or two of the staves 
L rising above the others, somo- 
e pierced with band-holds, 
i^TVo as handles ; used by 
brewers for lading liquor, and 
by Tnilkmaida for tranal'erring 
imlk from one receptacle to an- 

a pointed iustiiimoJit. 


Pi^-in [pig-ia-], to lie in a sleep- 
ing apartment, herding together 
like pigH in a stye. 

Pig-meeat [pig-mi'h't] , (I) slops 
and refuse food given to pigs; 
(2) bran ; refuse com, Ac., 
wbence, inferior or unpalatable 
foocl gouQi'ully is BO termed. Bee 

Pigs tiv a bad malikit [pigztir- 
u-baad-maa'kit]. A. i>er9on who 
Imb fidleti into tremble by his 
own foolishnon vr witoauitiat 
saya, 'Well, Ah've browt mi pfj* 
til! a bml -iitahkit ' (market). 

Pike [poyk], a circular stack 

of grain or hay, with a conical 

top, so called in contrudistinotion 

to those of oblong shape. 
Pike, N., V. to pick up and place 

in a heap or mound : said of tur- 

uipa, potatoes, &o. 
Pilger fpil-gti'r'], K, a threo- 

prouged eel-spear. Bee Auger. 
Pillins fpil-inz], sb. pi. the skiiiB 

of oniems, pobitoes. £c., aft«r 

Finoh-g^t [(linsli-guot], amiserly 

perison who stinta his servants in 

Pind [pind], v. to impound stray 

Pindher [pin'dhu'r*], the beeper 
ot a pin-fold. See tho ' Fiudar 
of Wakefield' in tbo RuUn Hood 

Pink [jiini^k], E. ami N., v. to 
Mink \ to wink. ' WmMa an 

Piimaok [pin-uk], v. to do ot 
attempt unything in a sluggiidi 
or UQWorkuanliko stylo. N., 

PipG-atoppei [|»yjntao]j-Hr'], 
l.iiokcn pieces of the st«m of a 



day pipe. ' He desaavs ahuttin' 
(deserves to be shot) 'wi' pife^ 
UoppevB,* In E. H. the entire 
stem is so called. 

Piphlet [peyflit], W., a very thin 
cake, of leathern consistency, 
made of batter. 

Pith [pith], strength; energy; 
vigour ; determination. ' He's 
gotten sum pith in him, or else he 
couldn't he geean thru£f it si 

Pither-pat [pith-u-paat], E. and 
N., a palpitation ; a light, rapid 
beating; the noise as of a cat 

Pity [pit i], E., V. to be pitied. 

* Ho isn't t! piti/y* he is not to be 
pitied. The true old idiom : cf. 

* He is to blame,' * This house to 

Plague [ple'h'g], V. to teaze ; to 

annoy by persistent importimity. 

< BUly Jackson's a varry bad lad. 

Ho plagues an' teeazes his poor 

awd dad.' 

Holdemesa Nursery-Rhyme, 

Plantin [plaan*tin], a plantation. 

Plats [plaatz], W., fields; plots 
of land. Frequently used to de- 
note the entire estate of a small 
landed proprietor. 'K things 
disn't mend!^ Ah sail be fooaed 
tt seU plaU: 

Play-up [plae-uop-], K, v. imp. 
a call or admonition to act with 
greater energy. Also, to play 
with more activity in a game. 

Pleat [plee-t], E. ; Pleeat [pli'h't], 
N. and W., a fold or plait in a 
frill, &c. ; V. to plait 

Pleeacin [pli-h'sin], E. and W., 
the act of holding a situation in 
domestic service. 'What's be- 
come o' Jennv, I haint seen her 
o' leeat ? ' * Shoe's geean a pleeac- 
in,'' In N. the word is not used 
in this sense, but as a noun, sig- 
iiifyiug a place or situation. 

Pleeaf [pli h'il, a ploagh. See 

Pleean [pli-h'n], y. to complain. 

Pleet [plee't], N., a perplexiog 
or embarrassing position ; t. e, 

Plet[plet],v.toplait 'Ahdeeant 
collmy nair noo, Ah pleU it.' 

Plew, N.; Ploo, K and W. 
[pliw, ploo*], v. to plough. 

Pledge [plaoj], N., y. to plunge: 
especiaUy into mud. 

Plee-ladfl [ploo-laadzl, K and 
W., sb. pi. plouph-lads. In E. H. 
the special designation of farm- 
servants ^nerallyi who at 
Christmas-tide go about from 
village to village iiEuitastioally 
dressed, and dance to rude music, 
accompanied by the mummery 
of a clown. See Fond-pleea£ 

Plee-tail [ploo-tae*l] ; Plew-tail, 

a word used to designate fann- 
servicein general, not necessarily 
that of a ploughman. ' Is tU 
son Jack at skeeal yet (still) P ' 
'Nau (no), he's at ploo-tail, an 
hez been this hauf year.' 

Pluck [pluok], the liver and 
lungs of a sheep or other animal, 
sometimes sola along with the 
head, and called a * Sheep heead 
an pluck,* 

Pluck-pie [pluok-paa-y], a pie 
made of the viscera of an animal, 
more generally of kidney and 
liver than of o&er portions. 

Pluff [pluof], N.; Puff [puofl, 
E., a pop-gun. Sometimes iV/- 
/cr, E. and N. 

Pluke [ploo'k], N. and E., a 

Plumb [pluom], adj. of sound 
mind. * He's not 'xacly plumb,' 
i, e, of weak intellect. 

Plumb -daytle [pluom-deh'tu'l], 
E. and N., a hard day's work. 
See Daytle. 


Flombob [pluom-LaoI)], the piece 
of leud suepended by a. Btriag 
from a builder'a plumb-nUo. 

Plnia-daytle, N., aUj. very labor- 

Fock-and [jiaok-ao'd], N, and 

, W., adj. pitted with the amall- 
pox. It vas formerly used In 
W. ae a. noun, a peraoa so pitted 
being called * a poeJtahd.' 

Podduh [paodieh], N. and W., 
nnnsenee ; absurdity in argu- 
ment. ' Ho talked a lang whalil, 
bud it was all poddith.' 

Fodge-doon [pooj-doo-ii], v. to 
prces down forcibly and roughly. 

Fodgy [pnoj ■ i], adj. short and 
stoat. The word tittle ia gener- 
ally used in coanoction, Huper- 
fluously, as, ' What a lahtle 
podgy chap he is ! why he's om- 
I most OS brado aa hing.' 
I^PolUd [paolud], pollard — a fine 
description of bran. See Bliarpa. 

Fooak [puo-h'k], a poke or sack. 

Fooat [puo'h't], E. and N., t. to 
trifle; to dawdle ; to work care- 
lessly; tj) poke about — jiooal and 
naiut being Tarifttdons of E. poke, 
Their diminutive ia pott her. 
Fooatle [puo'h'tu'l], another 
form of the same. 

Fooatlin [puo-h'tlin], a<IJ. tri- 
fline ; dawdling ; inexpert. 'He's 
nobbut a pooatlin hand.' 

Foor [puo'h'r']. adj. lean; out of 
condition ; in roferonoo to an 

Poorly [puo'hii], adv. slightly 

Porpoi-pig [paorpus-pig], a po^ 

Posh [paoah], v. to crush or beat 

into a pulpy mass. 
Posh, a mass of pulp. 
Poali, W,, money. 

r [paos'i], adj. bloated. 

Pot-allfl [paot-aalz], boy's mar- 
blsH, made of pottery, and point- 
ed in variegated colours. Those 
made of marble and not painted 
are called <il!ey> — alabaetora. 

Pot-oreeaks [paot-krih'ks], 
books for holding aaucepans, 
&c., orer the fire. 

Potther [paoth-ur'],v. to do any- 
thing feebly, inexpertly, or in a 
fumblingway. ' He'sabootdoeon 
for; heganspciHAeriii abootshop, 
bud can't deenh nowt good for 
owt.' 8. of Eng. potttr. 

Potther, V. to agitate, stir up, or 
revive; to pke slightly. 'Potther 
up fire a bit, or it'll gau oot.' See 

Power [poo'h'r'],alargequantity. 
' ApoiBer o' money." ' Ho'a deean 
a powfT o' good wiv hie preeach- 

Powle [paowl], a pole. 

FoWBO [paows], E., inferior or 

coaraa food ; and bonce, applied 

to rubbish of any kind. 
Powst [paow-st], N. and W., a 

Powze [pnowz], K, v. to spill 

Praise [prae-z], N. and W., v. to 
prize up, or raiae by lerorage. 

Preeachment [pri-h'chment], a 
prolonged and tedious narrative 
or admonition. 

PreeaTin an fendin [prib'vm- 
u'n-fen-diu], N., proving and de- i 
fending in a quarrelsome di^utvh I 
' Smith an his wife leeod a 1 
reglar cat an dog life, pretavim 
an/enilin all day long.' 

Price [proya], v. to enquire the 
price of a commodity. 'Ahpn'red 
gccso 1 mohkot, bud didn't buy 

Priak-hollan [prik-ooln'nl, llie 

Fricky [priki], N., the atickloi 



Pnekj-otshnn [priki-aoch-n'n], 
the hedgehog. OUhan, a oor- 
raptian of the Early £ng. irehtme 
and vrrAflR. * Like shaipe vrrhon* 
his haire was grow.' — Bomavni 
of the Boie^ 313d. 

Priggle [prigTil], N. and W., to 
probe in a cienoe for anything 
lost See Broddle. DiminutiYe 
of prog, c£ prong. 

Prod [praod], a pointed stick used 
for making holes in the earth. 
Also, a goad ; and in £. the peg 
of a boys top. 

Prod, v. to push aty or into, with 
a pointed instrument. 

Proddle [prodl], v. Same as 
Prig^le. A oorruption of prog- 

Pr5vcn [praovn], N., provender; 

Pmston fproos'tu'n], Preston, a 
Tillage in Holdemess. 

Psaum [sau-m], a psalm. 

Pucker [puok'ur*], an agitated, 
disturbed, or cross-tempered 
state of mind. * When Ah tell'd 
him meear had stimil'd an brok- 
ken her knees, he was in a fine 

Puokerment [puok'u*ment], a 
state of perplexity or agitation ; 
also, a crushed-up, creased, or 
disorderly mass. 

Puddin-fiat rpuod*in-faat],£., the 
fot of a pig s intestines. 

Puddins [puod-inz], sb. pL the 
entrails of an animal. 

Puff [puof], breath, or an expira- 
tion of breath. ' He com alang at 
sike a speelin pace, that when he 
gat here he hadn't a puff left.' 

Puff an lal [puof-un-laal], mere 
yerbiage ; nonsense ; empty 

r |piiof*i], adj. swollen ; dis- 
Im at inth a bHster or bum ; 
doofb after it has ' risen.' 

Pule [peul], K, T. to cry; to 

make lamentation. Almost obso- 

Poll [pool], V. to gathtf or pluck 

fruit. 'Apple pullin 11 seean 

oome on.' 

Pnlls [puolz], Ky the husks of 

Polly [puoH], K, uneven; jag- 
ged; awry: used genendly in 
reference to textile fabrics, which 
are not joined tc^ther evenly. 

Pnmmer [puom'ur'], anything 
extraordinarilv large. * My eye I 
bud that tonnip's a pummerj' 

Pnt-oot [puotKX)'t J, V. to lengthen : 
used generaUy in reference to 
the lengthening of days in the 
spring. * Days begins U put-ooi 
a bit' 

Pntten [pnot*n], p. p. of to /ni/. 

ftnack [quaak], v. to gossip; to 
talk for the sake of talking ; a 
contemptuous expression. * She 
gans quackin aboot like a-naud 

Quality- fo oaks [kwaal*uti 

fuo'h'ks], sb. pL gentry; the 
upper classes. 

Qnals [kwaalz], E., sb. pL parve- 
nus ; * stuck-up ' people ; an 
ironical term for people who have 
nothing but their wealth to re- 
commend them to notice. 

ftnandhary [kwaan*dhu'r'i], a fit 
of ill -temper. Quandhariea, 
sb. pi. a succession of sudden 
bursts of scolding. * liHsthiis is 
t yan ov her quandharies ti day.' 

Quart [kwaa't], v. to quarreL 

Quaver [kwe-h'vu'r*], v. to clenoh 
the fists in pugilistic fashion, and 
make feints without striking. 

Quayt [kwe'h't], a quart, liquid 
measure. Also, v. to quarrel. 

Queegy [kwee-ji], adj. diminu- 
tive; smalL 'A lahtle ^ueegy 



'Qnick-B ticks [kwik-Btiks], 
speedily : iu a sliuit epace of 
tune. ' AL'll let him knaw Ah's 
mayatiier o' tliis hooH, T jiiicfc- 

auilt fkw-ilc], N. and AV., v. to 
flog. In E. TwiU. 

Babble [raftb^u'll, N.,v. totulkor 
ruad iiviickly. 'HeralMeilaway.' 
Kabbletnent [raablment], e, rab- 
lile; a, coUeutioQ of low or dis- 
orderly people. Also, in N., a 
long, rambling speech, ae, ' a nib- 
hlniient o- talk.' 
Bace-clock [re-h's-tlaok], E., to 
work against time. ' llnu't atop 
me a minnit wi my knittiu, Ali s 
r«c-.i Wofi.' 
Baekapelt [raak-u'pelt], N. anc! 
W., a eeamp. In WT a good- 
W natured scamp, E., a noisy child. 
"Backet [raak-it], a noise or dis- 

Baffle [raaf'u'l], v, to ravel or eu- 

Raffle-cap [raafu'l-kaap], a loose, 
disorderly person. 

Baffled-oot [raaf-ii'l^io-t], un- 
twisted, as string ; unwoven, as 
tho end of a web. 

Bafflin-felU [raaflin-folv 
Same as BafBe-cap. 

Bag [caag], V. to teasp ; to banli 
to ridioulo. E(|iiiTalent to the 
slang word 'chaff.' 'Ah'll rag 
him iiboot that lass.' A corrup- 
tion of rark, to torment. 

Bagg^ed [faagdl, adj. heavily 
laden (with fruit). ■ That apple- 
three's OS niygtd as iwer it can 

Bagg^ [rog'U], E. and N., a 
~ ' - - - - - - mjachicTOUs 

mean, aaui 


Bug, rakel, a 

rasoftl ; absurdlj' sjiolt rake-hrV 

by Bome old wntera. 
Raggin j^raagin], raillerj-. ' He 

can't bide a bit o' raygin.' 
Baggy [raas-i], adj. very misty; 

slightly rainy. Prom ruf A, flying 

Baglad [raag-laad], N., animal 

Bag-river [taag-raa-vur'], a 

drappr ; lit. tag or clotb-tearor. 
Bahv'd [raavd], p. t. of to rive, 

Bain-tub [m'h'n-tuobl.a buttfor ■ 

holding rain-water. In N. Rain- 
wnlther tiii. 

Bait [ni'b't, lae-t], E., v. to pre- 
pnru floi : to [losa it through all 
the pnicessoB up to, but not in- 
cluding, spinning. 

Baitory [raetlm'r'i], E., a mill 
where flax is prepared for spin- 

Bake-aboot [rae-k aboo-t], to 
ramble idly about. ' S'ikin aboot 
cunthry aatcoad o' gettin on wit 
his wark.' 

Ballaok [raal-uk], v, to nin abont 
attor pleasure instead of attend- 
ing to business. 

Bam [raam], adj. ofTenGively 
strong or coarse in either taste 
or smell. 'This mutton's as roTn 
as an awd fox.' Icel. ramr, 
strong; bitter. 

Bame [re'b'm, rae-m], N. and 
W,, V. to shout in a loud, angry 
style. ' lie ramnl oot at ma,' 

Bame [re-h'm], R, v. to gad 
about ; to sprawl ; to spread out 
too much. 'These berry -three 
branches is ramiti all ower walk 
ommost ; we mun hev em cut,' 

Rammaok [mamn'k], £. and K., 
V. to ramble; to chmb. 'Hell 
be rammakin aboot up atop o* 
bom, or sumwheear.' Rammaeh 
and ramble are both diminutives 
of ram(, to gad. 


^^ f^lllTn«I»V■ [raun'a'ks}, N. and 
E., a romp; a boisteroiu child. 
' AK can't noBs (DOtse} thit, thou'a 
Hike a ramtiuuJct.' 

'H»»»»inVi»i [raamii'kiiil, E. and 
N., adj. ramUing; aoamblmg. 

SMnmftUtion - diiT [raamalae - 
Hhu'u-dae], 'W., nidation Mon- 
day, when the pari£ bonndanea 
an penunbolated by the author- 
ities, and hal^>eiic« are thrown 
to the boys, whose minds eie 
thus impressed with a memory 
of the localities. At York Bam- 
y ia Holy Thnnday. 
r [raaiD'o'T'], anything of 
T«ry large siEe. 

Bf*"—™ [ratmiu], adj. extraor- 

^narily large. 
Bammle-ap [laamml-uop-], to 

Bamp [laamp], E. and W., v. to 
stalk about, and stamp with 
&antic, impetnooB vehemence. 
N., to scold furiously. Chaucer, 
Monkt' PrtHogne, L 16. 

Bampftgv - sboot [raam'pa'j- 
nboo't], to fly about in a fiui- 

Kftmpageoat [raampaajni's, 
raampae'ju's], MJ. violent ; 
boisterous; raging. 

Kvnpm [raam'pin], adj. or adv. 
violent ; furiously. ' He's mmpin 
mad,' furiously mad. 

Bamiliaokle [raamshaak-u'l], 
adj. looee ; crazy ; brokoD-down. 
Applied to vehicles, houaea, Ac 

Samihacklfr-fellaw, a loose, idle, 
improvident peraon. 

Bandy [nan'di], a frolic ; a 
dnmken carouse. 

Bank [raangk], R, adj. (1) 
coarsely luxuriant. 'A bit o' 
good rank graaa at boddom ot a 
gather' f^tch). (2) Too thickly 
■own. 'Toa've aawn Jsowed) 


likes tl tak a 

Ah gets U knaw what ropi.' 

I [nan-saaknl], N. and 

E., to inake diligent asAitii. 

IKininatiTB td roaaodb. 
Saather [raan-thaV], Kantar, a 

alans tenn for a nimitire 

Banty rraan-ti], adj. frantie. 

' Hell be ommoet nm^ own 

tliem hoaa'a brokken knees.' 
Bap [raap], £. and K., 

ocenr; to 

rap* t ' what is the news P 

" " ' ' P»P«r. 

what n 

ap-an-rattl» [nap-on-raat-nl], 
N., foolish or boasting talk. 


y*I™^"'"" [laapBkaalTTi'n], an 
nnprin^pled person, bv N. not 
unprincipled n« ■. . . 

wild ana looae- 

Bapooal [laapsikii'II 
terous. In N. 

Bare [lae-r], adj. or adr. of snpe- 
rior quality. "Thatfs a mre good 

Bbm [le-h'i], p. t of to riM. 
Batp [raaap], a large file, snch 

as farriers use on horsed hoofs. 
Baspin [raas-pin]. Same as 

Bore. 'Thafs a nupia good 

Baspa [raasps], eb. pL laspberriee. 

Baspy [raaspi], W., a^j. ahoit- 

Batch [roach], N., a reach, or in- 
determinate distance betweeo 
two points, as wicketa in t^ 
game of cricket. Also, ploturhing 
twice across a field ia called a 

Batten [raat-n'n], a rat 
Battle-avsy [laat-I-uwae], t. to 
hasten along; to go qniokly. 


BatUe-thrap [mat-I-thraap], (1) 
« noisy, tatirttivo ptiraou ; (2J a 
rickety vehicle. 

Sattle-thrapa, ab. pi. b^Jongiut;^- 

'Noo, then, bring your rattle- 
tkrapt here, and let's liev a leeak 

Baon [n 

fieh; (2)Ulu 

an ruuni,' male and fenulQ fish. 

Dob. r«gn, Icel. hrogn, roe ; 

Jbm [rehV, rae^], p. t. of to 
Tivt; to tear, or to pull asunder. 
* He rnve the earth up with hid 
feet.'— /Won 8ewe of Boheby. 

BtTven [raav-n], K., v. to im- 
portune perastently. ' Thoo'a 
bwIab rawatin for Bummat.' 

Baw [mu*], a row, or straight 
lino. Note — row, a disturbance, 
is always pronounced [raow]. 

Bawm [muTii], E., v. to sprawl; 
to 61'road about. See also 
Scrawm and Rame. 

Beuty [ri'h'sti], adj. rcative. 

Bebbit [ixbit], E. ond N., a 
riTet. ' As fast aa a rebbit.' A 
Ilold. simile. 

Bebbit, E. and N., v. to rivet; to 

S«okliii [rek'lin], (1) the weatteat 
of a litlor of pigs; {2) a puny, 
diminutive child. ' What a poor 
rccWinthoo is!" (3) The super- 
numerary of ft litter of pigs, for 
whom there is not a t«ut. 

Beckon [rek'u'n], a pot-lior>k call- 
able of being altered in length. 
Sm> Pot-creeak. 

Beokon, v. to suppose ; also, to 
calculate. A.S. rceniin, to catou- 
lat"'. ' RnJeon up thy sum, and 
soe what it comes teea.' 

Beokonin j^relcoin] , arithmetic. 
— • George is beginnin t( lahu 

Bed-mad [red-maad], H., adj. (1) 
exceedingly angry; furious; (2) 
vary deeirouB, or eager. 'He'll 
he red-mad tl buy that pony.' 
In N. Rtmd-hot. 

Beeach [ri-h'ch], v. to retch; to 
strain in the attempt to vomit. 

Beeacken [ri'h'chn], p. p. of to 

Beeack-teea [rih'ch-tih'], reach 

to, i. t. help yourselvea; said by 

a hoHt to his guBste. 
Beeada-made-eeasy [ri*b'd-u'- 


a child's first reading- hook. 

Beeak-vp [ri-h'k-uop], N., to 
heap up, as a measure. 

Beeap-np [rih'p-uopl, N. and 
W., Y. to np lip an old grievance 
which hod healed tbrough lapse 
of time ; to recall past misdeoda. 

Beeaitf [ri'h'sti], adj. rustj; cor- 
rupt : appbed only to bacon 
when becoming putreecent 

Beeky [reeki], adj. smoky; 

Beet [reet], right. 'By rea»,' 
according to law, uaage, or moral 

Beet'doon [rect-dooii], oom- 
plotoly; entirely: as 'rtet-doo* 
fond ; 'tfel-dotni idle,' 

Beetin • keeam [ree-tin-ki-b'm], 
W. and N. ; BeytiiL, E., a 
dressing-comb, for righting, or 
putting in order, the hair. 

Beet - on • end [ree-t-aon-end], 
straight forward ; without devia- 
tion; witb out intermission. 'Ah 
went filtoen mile rert-on-ertd, 
withoot iwer comin liv a yaj- 
boos at all, tl aleok mysen.' 



Reet-flhaap [reet-shaa'p]. * Nat 
(or nut) reet'Shaapf* not quick- 
witted; imbecile. 

Relieve-oh [rilee'vau], E., a 
game something like prisoner's 

Remlin [romlin], E. and W., a 
remnant, of cloth, &c. 

Bremmle [rem'u'l], v. to remove. 

Remmon [rem-u*n], v. to remove. 
Same as the above. * Oh deean't 
remmoTif Ah can sit on mangle.' 

Renoh [rensh], v. to rinse ; to 

wash out 
Rendher [ren-dhu'r'], v. to melt 

down, as hog^s lard, &c. S. Eng. 


Rent [rent], a narrow passage 
between nigh walls (called m 
Leeds a ginnil, and in Bradford 
a snicket), * She lives up rent* 

Rents [rental, W., sb. pi. house- 
property of a low character, in 
narrow lanes or ads de sac, be- 
longing to one proprietor, as 

* Smith rents,^ 

Revel [revu'l], E., v. to root up; 
to grub amongst dirt, as pigs do. 

Rezzil [rez'il], a woiisel. * As 
sharp as a rezzil,* The spelling 
of woasol in some old Glossaries 
has led Mr HalHwoll (*Dict. of 
Archaic and Provincial Terms *) 
into a curious error. Ho gives 

* Rezzil, to wheeze,' having evi- 
dently been misled by Marshall's 
Gloss, of East Biding words, 
which gives * Eezzle, wheezle.* 
[Note — * I was misled too. My 
note on the word — E. D. S., 
Glos. B 2, p. 35 — ^is wrong.'— 
W. W. S.] 

Ribbind [rib-nd], N. and W., 

Biokle-np [riki-uop], N. and E., 
to fit up ; to re-arrange ; to re- 
store anything which is in a 
dilapidated condition. 

Ride-an-tie [raayd-un-taay*], W., 
a mode of alternate walking and 
ridinfi^, when two persons are 
traveling with only one horse 
between them. After Rcong a 
certain distance the rider dis- 
mounts, ties the horse to a gate, 

^and proceeds onward on Mot; 

"the horse being mounted by the 
walker when he arrives, and 
ridden a giTnilar distance. 

Ride-088 [raayd-aos]; a saddle- 
horse ; a hack. * Is it a ride-ou 
or a dhraft-oss you've bowt?' 



[rift-uop], (1) when 
gas from indigestible food rises 
from the stomach it is said to 
rift'up ; to eructate ; hence, (2) 
to come back to the memory in 
an unpleasant manner. 'That 
nasty fiirick o' Jack's H/U-up o' 
mah mind yit.' Plouglunen say 
they like a bit o' good reeasty 
bacon for brakast, as it keej« 
rif tin-up all day lang. 

Rig [rig], (1) the ridge of a 
house, stack, Ac; (2Jthe hjrfiest 
part of a section oi ploughing. 
(3) the back or backbone. * Ahll 
hezzle thy rt^,'— flog you on the 
back. A.S. hrieg. 

Right-sharp [reyt-shaa-p], E., 
adj. sane. See Beet-sharp. 

Big-cot [rig-oo-t], to dress gaily; 

to adorn. 
Bigsby [rigzbi], E., a romping 

Rig-three [rig-three], the ridge, 

or roof-tree of a building. [rig-uop*], N. and E. 

Same as Bickle-up. 

Rime-np [raaym-uop*], E., to 
heighten; to raise higher by a 
link or two, as in the case of the 
eiiafts of a cart; lit, to give 
more room. IceL rj^a, to make 


Rimple [rim-pu'l],N., (1) a ripple 
on water; (2) the sound pro- 
duced by it. 



Eimple, v. to crease; to crumple. 
Diminutive of rumple, by thin- 
ning the vowel. 

Bimg [ring], v. to put a ring, or 
piece of iron wire, in a pig's 
nose to prevent its rooting. 

Bingen, Bungen [ring-u'n, 
niong'u'n], p. p. of to ring, 

Bingm-day [ring*in-dae], the 5th 
of November. At Otmngham, 
and possibl^r other places, bells 
are rung at intervals during the 
day. At night follows the * ringin 
eupper,' the cost of which is de- 
frayed by the churchwardens, 
for the nngers. At Beverley a 
fair is held on that day, called 
* Ringin-day Fair.' 

Bingle [ring-ul], K, v. to pull o^ 
wring the ears for a breach o^ 
good manners. 

Bing-taw [ring-tau], a boy's 
game, in which two boys place 
an equal numbe^^ of marbles in 
tha form of a circle, which are 
then shot at alternately, each 
boy pocketing the marbles he 

Bip [rip], N". and E., v. to curse. 
Bippin-an-cweeaiin [rip-in-u'ii- 

swi'h'rin], N., making use of 
foul or profane language. 

Bippin-an-tearin [rip-in-u'n- 
ti'h'rin], going about m a swash- 
buckler sort of manner. 

Bit [rit], E. and N., a cart-rut 

Bive [raayv], v. to tear; to split 
asunder. * Deeant rive thi shet,* 
don't agitate yourself unneces- 
sarily. In N. Hold, the word is 
pronoimced [raa'v], 

Bive-kite-Snnday rraayv-key-t- 
suon'du'], N. and W., t^- 
stomach-Sunday : the Sunday 
in Martinmas week, the holiday 
week with farming lads and 
lasses, who spend it with their 

Earents, and on the Sunday hold 
igh festival in the wajr of eat- 
ing, whence the appellation. 

Bive-rag [raayv-raaj?], E., a 
female who, sooner than mend 
them, rives off torn pieces from 
her clothes. *So of his two wives, 
Tie-knot and Rive-rcMy he liked 
Tie-knot best.'— OW &oW. Tale. 

Bockey [raoki], K, a simpleton; 

a person of weak intellect. 
Bockey-codlin [raok*i-kaod*lin]. 

Same as Bockey. 
Book-semper [raok-sem-pifr'], £., 

rock samphira A fiivourite dish 

with those living on the banks 

of the Humber. 

BoUen [raow-lin], p. p. of to roll. 

Bomanoe [raumaan's], v. to ex- 
aggerate; to tell improbable 

Bomanoin [raumaan*sin], adj. 
exaggerating; curious; difficult 
to imderstand. * He was awlas 
a sthrange romancin chap, was 
bis fayther.* 

Booak [ruo'h'k], a sea mist, 
which spreads over the coast and 
for miles inland. Similar words 
are found in all the branches of 
the Teutonic tongue. 

' Leave not a rack behind.' 

Tempest, Act IV., sc. L 

Booaky [ruo-h*ki], adj. foggy. 

Booar [nio-h'r], v. to roar; to 
weep aloud. * Whaf s tha rooarin 
aboot noo.' 

Boodherdoo [roodhu'doo], E., an 

Boom [roo-ml W. and E. ; Bum 
[ruom],N., the parlour or sitting- 
room of a house. *Maisther 
gets his dinner 1 roam.' 

Boondy-oocals [roo-ndi-kuo-hlz], 
sb. pL moderate-sized lumps of 
coal, without small pieces or 

Boop [roo'p], hoarseness. 

Boopy [roo-pi], adj. hoarse. 'Ah 
can hardly talk, Ah's roopy, 










I \ 

Boother-oot [roothu'r'-oo't], N. 
and £., to turn out; to disar- 
range articles during a search. 

Sot-gnt Fraot-guut]; thin^ unpa- 
latable liquor. 

Eov, Eauve [raov, rau*v], p. t. 
of to ritf , or tear. 

EoYven, Eivyen [raovu'n, 
rivu'n], p. p. of to rife. ' Ah're 
rovwH ml britches wl this awd 

Sow [raow], V, (1) to move about 
uneasily ; f 2) to make a disturb- 
ance ; (3) to stir up ; to agitate. 
* liow it woel aboot,* stir it up 
well. A variation of roll. Scottish, 
row, to roll. 

Sowdy [raow'di], an uproar; also 
a wild, dissolute person. 

Sowdy -dow [raowdi-daow], a 

Sow-intY, or intiv j^raow-in'ti], to 
make a vigorous investigation. 

Sow-oot [raow-oo*t], to agitate, or 
move to and fro till the whole is 
dispersed or ejected, as the cin- 
ders of a fire-grate. 

Sowt-intY [raowt-inti], E. See 

Sow-up [raow-uop-], v. to stir up 
a sediment until it becomes 
equally diffused ; also, to recall 
past quarrels. 

Sowze [raowz], W., v. to wake 
up; to animate; to rouse. In 
E. and N. llooze, 

Sowzin [raow'zin], adj., W., ani- 
mating; awakening; of super- 
lative merit. *A roxvzin lee' 
(lie) ; * a roivzin sahmon.' In N. 
and E. Roozin, 

Soy-away [raoy-uwae*], N. and 
E., to live extravagantly; to 
spend money recklessly. * He*s 
gotten his bit o* brass (fortune), 
ne*ll toy-away noo.* 

Sozzll, Sozzin [raoz-il, raoz'iu], 

Soziil, V. (1) to. warm; (' 
brighten up ; (3) to beat ' 
tY fire, an get weel rozsiPd \ 
y€ ean oot.' (4) To apply 
to the bow of a fiddle. * / 
her, Tom ; and lef s hey an< 

SoBdlin [raoz'ilin], a good, sc 

End [mod], mddle; a red e 
used for colouring brick f 
and marking sheep. 

Enddle [mod-u'l], £., a siev 

Endge [raoj], E., v. to 
against; to suffer abrac 
'Ah*ve r%kdged skin off o' 
finger ageean walL' 

EudgiJi [ruoj-in], E., mbbi 

Ene-bargain [roo-baa-gu'n], 
and N., a bargain cancelled 
mutual consent. 

Euesome [roo'su'm], W., 
sorrowflil; pitiable. Early I 
ruth. Almost obsolete. 

Euffiner [ruof inu'r'],N. and ] 
rough, sturdy fellow. 

Enm [mom], N. and W., a r 
or round of a ladder. 

EnmbuBtical [mombuo8*tiki 
adj. boisterous. * X rumlniui 

Eummage [ruom-ij], v. to m 
a rough search for anything 
as to disarrange and throw i 
disorder articles displaced diu 
the search. 

Enmmle [ruom-u*l], v. (1) to 
turb. Same as Eumma^. 
To rumble. 

Enmmle-dusther Truom' 

duos-thu'r*], E. and W., a n 
boisterous person. 

Eummlin [ruom'lin], a disti 
ance, or oisorder. 

Enmple [ruom*pu*l], v. to crei 
to crumple. 


rtunption [ruom'ahu'n], a tamult, 
or disorder. 
Innipiu [ruom'pu's], a quarrel; 
Ml uproar. 
''Bnm-itart [mom-atoat], an udd 
oooiurenoe. 'Well, that is a 
jp mm-ttoK.' Great emphasia on M. 
'Biin-«boot-inan [ruou uboo-t- 
^ maan], N. and E. , a hawker ; an 
. itinerBjit vendor, as opposed to a 
_ ntUed trader. 'Ah t)owt thie 
~ teapot OT a run-aboof-inon.' 
Ban- ft-enntluy [mon-u'-kuon-- 

* thri], £. and N., a vagaboniL 

* Buull [monsh], E., charlock. 
^ See Braaaock. ' Stoppin at 

' ' In 

^ Bant [ruont], E. 8amo as Ennty. 

r Bantr (ruoB-til, N. and E., ailj. 

« Btnnted ; short and stout. 

Butf [ruos'ti], adlj. obatinato; 
moroee; oross-groined in temper. 

I Bat-rot« [raot-raui], S., speak- 
ing by rote, without knowledge 
of the meaning. 

8a, adv. 80. See 8«flaL ' He'a 

id bad t1 manish, Ah can't deeah 
nowt WIT h i m. Ah t«ll'd him 
nat as deeah »etah, bud he did it.' 


I [soak'Ius], adj. vritless; 
foolish; lacking eenso. Some- 
timee, sb. ' He's a Mcklus,' 

Sad [saad], adj. unleavened; 
heavy (dough). 

8ad-keraki [aaad-ki-hlu], cakes 
made of unleavened dou^h, 
generally sliced in halves, wiQi 
butter between, and eaten hot. 

Badly [saad'li], adv. extremely; 
urgently. ' It's nut mich use as 
it IS 1 it wants mendin ladly.' 


him oot o' ml eeet a minato te- 
gither, for he^s aa/e tl get intl 
some sooat o' nuachief.' 
Sag [saag], V. to droop; to be- 
come dispirited, through care or 

•And the heart I bear 
Shall never tag with doubt, nor 

shake with fear.' 
ShakBpero, Jaacbeth, Act V., sc. 3. 
Also, to droop downwards, ae a 
hammock, or a slack rope sus- 
pended from two poles. Some- 
timee it is used transitively, 
ae, 'Them heavy aheeta '11 tag 
cleeas-liue doon u grund.' 
SahmOB [saa'mun], a sermolL 
Satm't [saant], v. ehall not 
Sahtan [888111], certain ; auie. 
Sahtan-turtt a more empbatio 

Sahtanlio [sna"tu'n]aa7], entelyt 
An interrogative proteel. ' SaU- 
(aniie thoo^ nut boon (g<^g), tl 
deeah nowt (anything] aif eeauah 
as that P' 

Sahvant [eaa'vn'nt], a servant. 

SahTant-lau [aaa-vu'nt-laas], a 

Sabve [ssa'v], v. to serve. 

'My Sonne, of pride look thou 

To mrm the Lord aott all thy 

Uotto on one of a pack of cards 
belongiug to Arthmgton Nun* 
nery, Co. York, temp. Edw. VI, 

SahTB, V. to servo out food for 
animals. 'Oet thfi geeon, my 
laas, and lakvt pige.' 

SahTioe [saa'vis], yearly service 
as form-labonror or maid-ser- 
vant, never having reference to 
day or casual labour. ' What's 
becum'd o' Ttmi ; I haint seen 
him leoatlyP' ' He's goean oot tl 
»aAtJice at Fanner Wroot^a' 

Bahzia [saaz'izj, useiies. 



Saidments [sed'ments], N., sb. pi. 
evil reports or statements. 'The's 
been monny 9aidmeni8 aboot 
him, an noo tbeV ciim*d thnie ' 

Sair [se-hY], adj. sore. 

Sair, adv. sorely; painfully as- 
sured. 'Ah saw summat white 
cummin alang rooad, an Ah was 
9air flaid it was a ghooast' 

Sal [saal], aux. v. shall. 

* Quare allethe folk that over was. 
Or ever more aal be.' 
Yorkshire Poem, tenip, Edw. III. 

Salary [saaluVi], celery. 

Sallit [saal'it], salad; also the 
lettuce plant before preparation 
for the table. * Though the let- 
tuce be the great and universal 
BalleV^Dr Martin Lister, of 
York, 1698. 

Sally [saal-i], N., v. to glide 
through the air on motionless 
wings, like the swallow. 

Salseer [su'l-sihY], shall be sure 
or certain. * Ah sal seer U come.' 

Sam [saam], N., v. to inculcate; 
to instil. * Ah couldn't tarn it 
intiv him neeah-hoo/ 

Same [sae*m, se'h'm], lard. See 
Seeam. *Dip tht hand weel 
inti same pot,' i. e. make the 
pastry rich. 

Sammy-codlin [saam*i-kaod'liu], 
a simple fellow. 

Sandy-marr [saan-di-ma'ar], 
Sandle-mere, a hamlet in IIoI- 

Sang [saang], a song. *Than 
sothely may he synge a nowe 
aaiige.—R. Eolle do Ilampole, 
Prose Treatises, p. 16. 

Sap [saap], E., a foolish person; 
a dunce. 

Sap-heead [saap-i-h'd]. Same as 

Sappy [saap'i^, adj. fooliah; 
euly; of weak intellect. Proba- 
bly an abbreviated form of Mpi- 
eni, used ironically. 

Sappy, K and N., a fooliaih per^ 
son. Same as Bap. 

Sappy, adj. heavy in proportion 
to bulk. * What a •ovptf wei^t 
that bayn's gotten to oe.' 

Sark [saa'k], a shirt A word in 
general use in Scotland, but 
only occasionally used in "Hid- 
demess, shet being the ordinary 

Sarrah [saar-u'], W., sinah; a 
contemptuous and defiant mode 
of addressing an antagonist in a 

Satten [saatn'n], p. p. of to ni. 

Sattle [saat'u'l], v. to pay or 
square an account; also, to &11 
in price. ' Breead's MoUTd a han- 
p'ny, that's yan (one) good thing.' 

Sattlins [saat-linz], sb. pi. di^; 
sediment; t. e. what settles at 
the bottom of a liquid. 

Sattlins, E. <Thoo taks good 
sdttlins,* you make yourself 

Sanoe-box [sau's-baoks], a pert 

Sanoy [sau'si], adj. dainty; fas- 
tidious about food. 

Sansingers [saus-in'ju'z], N., sb. 
pi. sausages. 

Sant [sau't], salt. 

Sauve [sauv], N., v. to flog. 

Saw [sau], V. to sow (com, &c.). 

Sawney [sau'ni], a simpleton. 

Saxon [saak'su'n], the sexton of 
a church. 

Scallibrat Tskaal-ibraatJ^ N. and 
W., a scold; a virago; v. to 


Scallywag [skaaliwaag], N. and 
W., a good-tempered scamp; 



One not to be depended upon. 
In r America the appellation is 
given to a corrupt Btateeman or 
a financial intriguer. 

Scared [scaa'd], pp. scared; 
frightened; whence scare-croWy 
more generally fla-krake. In E. 

Scarm [skaa'm], N., v. to roll the 
eyes, or to turn them up until 
the white only is visible. W., 
to cast sidelong glances. E., see 

Scary fskae'ri], E., adj. timid; 
faint-hearted; lacking courage 
to face a danger. 

Scand [skau'd], a scold; v. to 

Scaup [skau'p], the scalp; the 
head; the skulL *He fell off 
stee (ladder), an Ah thowt he'd 
brokken his scaup,* 

Scaup, N., V. to flog. W., to 
grow weary ; to become dispirited. 
E., V. to check ; to flog. 

ScoUad [skaol-u'd], K and W., a 

Scollop [skaol*u*p], V. to scoop 
out ; to make hollow. 

Sconce [skaons], N. and W., the 

Sconce, a subterfuge; a pretext; 
a stratagem to disguise an inten- 
tion. * Mah beleeaf is he nobbut 
(only) did it for a Bconce,* O.F. 
ascances, t. e. for the chances. 
Chaucer makes use of the ex- 
pression (ucaunce in the same 
sense, which is explained by the 
Rov. W. W. Skeat, in the Glos. 
to the Man of Lawes Tale, Clar. 
Press edition, and nowhere else. 

Scoor [skuo'hY], E., a weight of 
21 lbs. 

Scoother [skoo-thuYl, N. andW., 
to stoop, or to go along crouch- 
ingly ; to elude observation. 

Scoperil [skaop-uVil], a child's 
teetotum, made of a splinter of 

wood run through the hole of a 
button-mould. *He ran like a 
ecoperil,' i, c. quickly. 

Scorrick [skaor-ik], a jot; an 
atom; a mite; a remainder. 
*Ah thowt ther would h& bin 
Bummat left, bud ther waant a 

Scowp [skaowp], a scoop: as a 
com-acowp, for shovelling com; 
an eLpple-8cau*Pf &c. Also, the 
termmal syllable of certain ma- 
thematical and nhilosophical in- 
struments, a8.talla-«c(n<^, a tele- 

Scowp, V. to scoop out. *Noo 
as my teeaths gone. Ah can't 
bite apples; Ah's fooac'd tX 
scotvp em.' 

Scowp, N. and W., to boot. 
* Ah'll swap thii osses, an gi* th& 
a pund tl aaywp.* 

Scowpen [skaowpu'n], p. p. of to 

Scrag [skraag], v. to clutch hold 

Scrag, the hinder part, as 'scrag 
o* neck.' Sometimes, N. and W., 
Bcrage; as, 'Ah tuk him by 
BcragSy an wheel'd him oot o* 

Scrag-end [skiaag-endlthe small 
or bony end of a joint of meat 

Scramp [skraamp], K, a snatch- 
ing; a hurried attempt. 'Ah 
deeant think thouH catch her,' 
(the railway train), * thoo bud 
mud as wedl mak a «cramp.' 

Scranuh [skraamsh], E., a scram- 

Scramsh, v. to scramble. ' Mays- 
therms boon to scramBh some 
apples tl-neet.' 

Scrap [skraap], N., a quarrel 
where a few blows are inter- 
changed, as contra-distinguished 
from a reg^ular fight. 

Scrapen [skreh'pu'n], p. p. of to 



Sorapixif [Bkie'h'pinz], N. and 
W., saTings of money. 

Sorap-keeaki [sknap-ki-h'ks], N. 
and W., sb. pi. cakes made of 
dough mixed with scraps of &t 
or £ipping. Bee Craps. 

Scrat [skraat], y. to scratcL ' I 
will scrat out those eyes.' — Oeo, 
Gaicoi^ne (a Torkshireman), 

Scrat, E. and N., v. to maintain 
life on a slender pittance. ' Ah 
wahks (works) nard all day 
lang, an disn^t get mich brass 
(money), bud Ah manishes tt 
8crat on sumhoo.* 

Sorat, a triile, or minimum of 
income. 'lie deed (died) an 
didn't leoaye a 9crai bemnt.' 
* He*s not woth (worth) a acnrf/ 
he is not worth the smallest 
amount of salary. 

Sorat. Awd Scrat [au"d-skraat'], 
the devil. 

Scrate [skre-h'tl, £.; Scroat 

[skrau'tj, N. and W., to make a 
scratching noise with a slate- 
pencil hold perpendicularly, 
which sots the teeth on edge. 
In N. to injure a surface by 

Scratten [skroat-u'n], p. p. of to 

Scrattins [skraat'inz], money 
laid by by rigid economy from a 
slender pitUiuco of wages. 

Soranm [skraum], v. to spread 
or stretch out Bprawlingly or 

Scraumin [.sknurmin], adj. 
sprawling ; straggling. * We 
miui he' thorn Bcraumin boughs* 
(Iwughs of a tree) * cut oft' ; they 
darken all dayleot fro' windhor.' 

Screeaf [skri-h'f], X. and \V., 
scurf of the hair ; also, the dregs 
of ftocioty, or anything inferior 
in ([uality or valueless. 

Sereed [skree'd], a shred or strip 
of doth; a l^prder or fzill of a 

Soreek [skiee-kl K; Bknmk 
[8kri-h\], N. and W., y. to owk 
as a door on rusty hinges. 

Soreek, Soreeak, Skrike, t. to 

scream; to skziek. 

Sorewy [skroo-i}, a4j. mean; 
stingy ; panimonioiis. Also, 
alighuy xntoziGated. ' He was a 

bit 9CT€Wym 

Sorimmage [skrim-\j], a riot or 

Sorimmage^ N., a term of oppro- 
brium. 'D* y& think Ah wad 
bend (humble^ ni3r8en tl mke a 
Bcrimmage as tnat P' 

Sorooge [skroo'j], N. and W*, v. 
to squeeze or press closely to- 
gether, as in a crowd. In N. 
also Scrttdge, 

Scmffle [skmof *u1], y. to eradicate 
weeds from between rows of 
turnips by means of a acruffling 

Scmff 0* neck [skniof-u'-nekl, the 
skin at the back of the neck. 

Scrnmpshos [skruomp -shu's], W., 
adj. Ene; excellent; luxuriout». 
* A scrumpshus dinner.' ' Waant 
she dressed icrumpshus f 

Scrnnch [skruonsh], v. to 
craunch; to chew noisily and 

Scmnshon [skmon'shu'n], X., 
bn)kcu victuals ; also, refuse of 
any kind. 

Scud fskuod], N. and W., that 
which rises to the top of a liquid, 
as cream in milk; also, a film 
over the eye. 

Scuff [skuof], E. and N., v. to 
com^uer in a fight. * It'll tak a 
good dog tl scuff awd Towser 

Scutther [skuoth-u'r*], v. to run 



off in a panic, with an ondeayonr 
to elude observation. 

Scuttle [sknotm'l], a bowl-ahaped 
wicker basket, for carrying gar- 
den or farm produce. 

Sda-pigs [see'-pigz], E., porpoises. 

Beck hek], a sack; goneially 
called a pooak, excepting when 
spoken of as a measure of quan- 
tity, viz, four bushels. 

Beclutree [seku'ieel W., a short 
smock-frock, reaodng only to 
the loins. 

Seeagle-sides fsih'gul-saaydz], a 
careless, inaolont, happy-go- 
lucky person. 

Seeaglin-aboot [si*h'^lin-uboo*t], 

pp. loitering about listlessly. 
Seeagor [sih'guV], sugar. 

Seeah [si*h'], adv. so. The em- 
phatic form of the word ; other- 
wise 8dy 8^, or Si. 

Seeam [si*h'm], hogs' lard. See 

Seeam-keeaks [si'h'm-ki-h'ksl, 

N. and W., sb. pL cakes made 
with lard in the dough, gene- 
rally eaten hot. 

Seeamlixifl [si'h'mlinz], adv. appa- 
rently; evidently. 

Seear [si*liY], adv. sure; certain. 
' He*s seear ti cum.' 

Seear, v. an expression of deter- 
mination or absolute certainty. 
A curious transmutation of an 
adjective into a verb, and used 
with all the inflections of a verb, 
as, * Ah seear y I am sure ; * Thoo 
seearSy you are certain; 'He 
9eeai^df he was positive. *Ifs 
neeah use eeearing aboot it, 
'cause it's a lee altigither.' 
* Thoo aeeare thoo saw it ? 

Seeave [si'hV], N., the rush, a 
plant of the genus /tincfM. 

Seed [see'd], p. t. of to see, 
Seedi [sec'dz], sb. pL clover 

grown after com. Applied also 
to the field in which tne clover is 
crowing, as, 'What's them sheep 
deein \ seeds $* 

Seeglin-up-tiv [sih'glin-uop-tiv], 
pp. makmg advances with fiat- 
torinff caresses, as a preliminary 
to obtaining the grant of a 

Seein-glass [see-in-dlaas], a look- 
ing-glass or mirror. 

Seeken [see-ku'n], p. p. otto seek. 

Seet [see't], an unsightly or un- 
gaimv a})pearance. 'What a 
seet thoo is, lass, wY that thing 
thoo calls a bonnet o' ihY heead r 

Seet, excess in a considerable de- 
gree ; generally prefixed by an 
adjective — precious, plaguey, 
&c, 'Ifs a precious seet ower 
mich tX jnve for sike a thing as 
that.' ' xher was a sthrange seet 
o' fooaks there.' 

Seggmms [seg-ru'mz^, N., the 

giant ragwort, Senecw Jacohcea. 
ometimes Seggy. 

Seggy [seg-i], N. and W., the 

Seggy, adj. second. 

Sega [segz], E., sb. pi. sedges. 
Not much used. 

Sel [sel] ; Selfl [selz], W., pron. 
self ; selves. Only so used when 
connected with a personal pron.» 
as ' her«eZ,' ' oovsels* See Sen. 

Se-lang-as [si-laang-uz]. provided 
that. ' Se-lang-as he disn't tum- 
mle intl beck, Ah deeant mind 
his gannin a fishin.* 

Sell'd [seld], p. t. of to sell, 

Semmit [sem-it], E., adj. weak ; 
feeble; tottering. 'By George, 
bud that's a semmit consam 
thoo's built.' 

Semper [sem'p'u'r], E., sampbire. 
Frequently Rock-semper, It is 
used in E. Uoldemess as an ar- 



ti:u« of i.>.«cl Earn faisem eociksd. Ikickmty [shaak^u'ti], X., adj. 

irj:: ciiiL "VTSX nrofiid. 1 sbakr; loose in tlie joints; sud 

_ ««t".. jrco. kUL See Sd. » o* taUas, Ac 

Ts^L ~:-afiLirr it E. uid X. ; if^^^Ha [ghaak'u'l], the wriet. 

ZiVL i«. afi 3.* *™" [«bae'*i], an oathonse, or 

-n- - -M «. *«. shelter for cattle. 

: L"!! tjr S. *.. ■ Par iKTfc Li'sre 
:". • :; ij:-:-:-:L:«'iT. -At 11 

. i . 

Sett "•;;:>'.. •■'. :1 T'.'Tir.K* 3^ 

T --.* _^ -•■V- 

[shaaf], or ShaT [shaav], a 
sheaf of com, ^c). 

Shafle [shaafm'l], t. (1) to walk 

wiih a shambling gait ; (2) £., 

to sfeak 'ersi«iTel y or deceptively ; 

S y. and £.. to go about in a 

l'>:0e. disorderly manner. 

Skafle-hagi [^haaf-u'l-baagz], a 
chnf&2i:g. equivocating person. 
Altk.'. £.. a lout. 

Shaflin [shaaflin], adj. wily; 
iritky: atceptiTe. 

Shaflin-ftllow [shaaf -lin-felii*^, a 
l>:»sr. shiitlesis person, not over 
lj'.>r.ef:. who prefers gaining his 
bri:;&d ly cnih rather than by 
hozie^t labonr. 

Shaft [sbaaft]. v. to new-handle 
an in:plexaent. 

SeTt«a-ot >.:-.::. :.r.".F..>:--r.>;*i " Shafthcr [sbaafthu'r^. the horse, 
— ' ^ - - •. - -^ -srhvrc" there are more than one, 

wLic-h is pLiced between the 
shafts of a cart. Sometimes 

C£kl]t^ i-'Virlf-iVM. 

Shag-bag [>haag-baag], or Shak- 
bag ^haak-toag], an idle vaga- 
1*1. Sid ; a worthless fellow. 

Shag-bag, '>r Shak-bag, v. to 

IviTcr i-T loiinpe about, carele<« 
i"f work, and i»rpferring t** get a 
li\-:i:£r I y ' cansrin ' upon others, 
or by di^hone^t practices. 

Shaggareen [sljaaguVee-n], X., 
ailj. uFiTidy or riovenly in per- 
ss-^nal ajijH.anince. 

Shahk [sLaa'k]. n shark; the 
ap[-«C'llation of a clover, keen 
rx.'pue; generally given to an 
unprinriplod lawyer. Ben Jon- 
son calls tavern -waiters ghot- 


1-: Set-t.-boddcm 

Sct-ti-boddom ■>::-::-'bi. .ix':i'^. 


Sew. - Sue ">•:::'. .-, > -.t ri-. 

. • • ■ ■ * - . • ■ 

-1.. . — A .*• .r..i. W;»> >■.,» 

l.'hr:,. 1. ... ILr.TA- VII. 

Sew. - Sawd :<>. ^.v. x 

I- ';/! : • ^ / -Ah >-: 

Shaave ■-.iL^rv], X.. a ^ijoe. 

Shab-off [Oiuilun.f]. X.. t.. re- 
q'.i:K- iLa.l.>iuat-.'lv. • He wanted 
U *hnf, r,„j ,,f ^^y a shiUin. bud 
Ah wadn*t tak los8 then hauf-a- 





Shahp [shaa'p], adv. quick. 
*Noo then, be shahpf an finish 
that iob thoo's been si lang 

Shahp, adj. clover. 'He's a 
shahp chap that, he knaws what 
two an two maks.' *He's nut 
reet shahp* is said of a person of 
weak intellect. 

Shahps [shaa'ps], sb. pi. wheat- 
meal, finer than bran but coarser 
than flour. Generally of two 
kinds, called fine and coarse 

Shahp-set, ravenously hungry. 

Shakaleg [shaak-u'-leg], loose in 
the joints : used in reference to 
furniture or implements. 

Bhakkiii [shaak-in], E. and W., 
pp. falling through over ripe- 
ness, or when shaken by the 
wind : used in reference to fruit 
and com. In N. the word is em- 
ployed only when caused by the 
wind. In connection with the 
word ripe it is used adjectively, 
as, * We mun get ageeat o' that 
wheeat, for it's ahakkin ripe.' 

Shakkins fshaak'inz], sb. pL the 
ague. * Thoo dodhers (trembles) 
as if thoo'd gotten shakkinsj 

Shakfl [shaaks]. 'He's neeah 
grit shake,* i, e. he is not . of a 
very reputable character. 

Shakt [shaak't], pp. shaken. 

Sham [shaam], shame. ' Sluim/ul 
Errours' occurs in the title of 
Wiclifs ^icA^, edit. 1548. Noto 
— ^Although this work is gene- 
rally called * W.'s Wicket,* it was 
not written by him, but was of 
his ago. 

Sham his keep [shaam-iz-kee-p]. 
Of a stout, robust person it is 
said, * He disn't sham his keep,* 
meaning that he is well fed. 

Shammle a lang [shaam'u'l- 
ulaang*], v. to walk with a 

feeble, tottering step. See 

Shammock [shaam-u'kl N. and 
W., V. to walk with a shambling 
or unsteady gait. 

Shanks' nag [shaangks naag*]. 
To go on Shanks* nag is to per- 
form a journey on foot. 

Shapt [shaaptl, pp. shaped; 
fa&Sdoned. * xondher's a man 
shapt oot,' said a ^de lad at 
Knaresborough, pomting to a 
figure of St Robert sculptured 
on the face of a rock. 

Shav [shaav], a sheaf. 

Shav-hooal f shaav-uoh'l], a door- 
way in a Dam, through which 
leaves of com are i)itched to be 
threshed. In W. it is usually in 
the gable over the helm (see 
Helm), the com being stacked 
on the hebn, and thrown into 
the bam as it is required. A 
great eater is said to have *a 
good shaV'hooal* 

Shav'n [shaavu'n], N. and W., 
pp. shaven. 

• Wiv his awd beard newly shaven,* 
Refrain of a Holdemess Song. 

Shavs [shaavz], sb. pi. the shafts 
of a vehicle. 

Shaw [shau-], N., a cluster of 

Shawm [shaum], E. and W., v. 
to sit in front of the fire, with 
upraised petticoats, to impart 
warmUi to the legs. In N. sim- 
ply to warm. See Bawxn. 

Sheal [sheei] ; Shill [shil], v. to 
shell (beans or peas). 

Shearlin [shih'lin], a once-shorn 

Shebo [sheo-bau-], W.; Sheyo 
[shec'vau*], N., a tumult or dis- 
turbance. 'We'd a meetin \ 
vesthry las' neet aboot a new 
cess, an tiiom at didn't want yaa 
kick'd up a riglar shtho,* 

K.^2C, to 

■kin JAbI]. E. aaJ X^ t. to 

SkOli Tiluli], tb* riiafts of > 

T«hi<b. SeeaiUiL 
•Unaur [■him-uV], r. to Hreali 

into trsipiunitA 
SUM [•linayii], E. and N.. the 

IMlpil of tbn 1^^- 
Ihlu, a iiiilitr n))rmr. 

kl'ik ujm »hinf liury.' 

imtaUe. 'Uafstbjar'BmrT' 

Umf ' (3) Defiaeot: 1«U 
•Ab's njtiter «k< o^ bi 
(flkmey) thia nuwnin.' (3) I 
•md cnsp : iftplied to putfy. 
HoldemeaB gsneially the w 
» protK>unc«d more frequcn 

Sbot-keeaks [sboot-ki'h'ks], '* 

sb, pi. short t-akoB, mode wiblt 1 
or iitbtT fat mixed with tl 
niid gi'nui'iiUy outen hot. 



Shotnin [shaotnin], W., lard, 
dripping, &o., used for ihortening 

Shnfflin-fellow [shuoMin-fel-n'], 
one who makes idle pretences 
^ for evading an obligation or en- 

Shim [shuon], N. and TV., sb. pL 

Shurelie [8huo-h1aa'y],int.8urely: 
a negative expression of surprise 
or consternation, with great em- 
phasis on the ultimate syllable, 
used in reference to the utter- 
ance of an outrageous sentiment, 
or the threat of committing 
some violent or scandalous act. 

* Thoo disn't beleeave all at pah- 
son says fre' pulpit? Shurelie 
thoo can't be sike a heeathen as 

Shntness [shuot'nu's], riddance. 

* He's geean away, an it*s a good 
shutneas o' bad rubbish.' Some- 
times Shuttance. 

Shut -on [shuot-aon], rid of. 
' Ah've rheumatiz i' my leg, an, 
deeah what Ah will, Ah can't 
got shut-cnH,^ 

Shuts [shuots], sb. pL shutters. 
'It's gettin dark, put ehuU in, 
an leet cannle.' 

Shuttance [shuot'u'ns], N. and 
W., riddance. See Shutneas. 

Shntted rshuot'id], p. t of to 
elioot ana to ehut, 

Shutten [shuot-u'n], pp. (1) shut. 

* Hez tha ehuiten yat P * have you 
shut the gate ? (2) Shot. * Ah've 
BhuUen nowt bud a fel&r.' 

Si [si], pron. so. See Sa. 

Sick [sik]. To be sick is to 
vomit : never used in the sense 
of being ilL 

Side [saayd], v. to agree with in 
sentiment; to adhere to one 
faction or party in opposition to 

Side-away [saayd'uwae*], to clear 
away litter; to restore articles 
to their proper places after use. 

Side-by [saayd-baay], E., adv. 
wide 01 the mark ; a little on 
one side ; divergent from. ' Bcdl- 
road disn't hit Botton (Burton) 
Cunstable, it gans eide-hy,* 

Side-doon[8aayd-doo'n],N. Same 
as Side-away, supra. 

Sideline [saayd-Iinz], adv. side- 

Sidle [saaydu'l], v. to approach a 
superior with h3rprocritical re- 
spect, to curry favour. Also, to 
advance to the object of un- 
spoken love with bashful mien 
and sidelong e^lances. 'Noo 
then! what's l£& siddxn up tV 
m& for? Ah knaw thoo wants 

Sie [saa7], E. and N., v. to 
stretch, or become larger and 
easier in fit by wear: used in 
reference to a ehoe, &c. 

Sike [seyk], adj. such ; of like 

Sike-like [seyk-loyk], adj. such- 
like; similar. 

Siken [seyku'n], adj. such one. 
This form is generally used be- 
fore the indefinite article, as; 
' Wheeli wad live \ eiken a hoos ?' 

Siker [seyku'r'], W., adv. more 

Sikerly [sikni'H], W., adv. simi- 

Sile Fsaayl], a small wooden bowl 
with an orifice at the bottom, 
with a piece of muslin stretched 
across, for the purpose of strain- 
ing or filtering milk. A sigh^ 
clout (Early Eng.) was a cloth 
used for the same purpose. 

Sile, V. to strain milk. 

Sile-clout, the cloth of a milk- 


ic: ^1 

£.. 4fu ^L 

^iiiiz\ 3'. md 

if * <2«5 IT 

H.TT-ai«L . E. mil 

A^' ' 

r»<» svniL^riT tht* hard 

'Avd *inrw/n biwather,' vaj 
Mud t/> hjdint tb« ga^l And ap- 
fi^Ar t/> tb« prurmer^ winch 
«rtM Tias^ffoUy AA a d^^Urrent to 
chr/iir^U, who dntadcd hzm 
rriTjr^h moi^ than the erjnfine- 
ffj^it and ptmuhment. 

fin Mnf, a/lv. n> since. *A hit 
^n. * A lanjr time «a'n/ *How 
h/! hhd hijfjfl nyri he wafl hore/ 
- -Mnnynq, {2t liecau^e. '.Si a 
h^;'^ >t^j nwty, An weeant gan wiy 

Sinken f«ing'kn*n] ; Sunken 

f «ij//iijCku'n], p. p. of to sink. 

Sinnlff fHin iffiay], H and AV.; 
flinnafy, N., v. tr> mgnify; to 
iTfitK/rt; tr> hftvo <y;nHequence. 
* It ^iriTiiJlm nowt what you say; 
A)i wfVTAn^t he* nowt tif deea 
wiv it/ 

Sine [fwyji], v. U) ooze out, as 

Inwir frr/rn a leaky rawk, or water 
IhroiiKh a IrKifte Kfjil. 

Si pin I (H<fy •jiinzl, lirjuor which 
fniM Ai'/zr// otit. Hrimotinios called 

SIppety-fOii rHip'iti-flaoB'], E., 
wofik, iiiHipid forxl. 

CO has ix hofUL, 

wn tnfl£ ui ' jifciegd \Ff phs^iBg a 
r'd.'iuTC poks is. wsBer. 

SittiB. 'sra'iL]. pu pL of to «/. 
*He irad ha mOm awkile he 
wad haizf starred ater lie wad 
W deeazL ocult wazk.' 

SittiBS fairinzlL a statute lair. 

[saaT-nzl. £. and W.; 
ThfiT-H Se rare ^m next wcn^; 

nan, an 


patient at Tork, fonneilj. 

Skail rskehT|. W^ t. to spifl ; to 
scat^^r. ' lak that pimrheon o' 
milk intf dairy, an mind thoo 
dian*t Mkad neean on it.' 

Skeeal [skihl], schooL 'The 
femous oallad of Flodden Field, 
translated hy Bd. Gut, Sktal- 
maister at Ingleton.' 'ktle of a 
hallad published by Gent, Tork, 

Skeeap [skih'p], t. to escape. 

Skeel [skeel], a milk-pail with 
one staTe raised a few inches, to 
serve as a handle. 

Skeel, £. and W., t. to scream, 
or shriek. 

Skeel-canf [skee'l-kau'-f], N. and 
W.t a calf reared upon sked or 
pail milk. 

Skeer'd [skih'd], E. and W., 
pp. alarmed; terrified; thrown 
into a state of consternation. 



Skeg [skeg], N., a glance. 

Skeg-ad-een [skeg-u'd-ee-n], N., a 
glance of the eye. 

Skell [skel], the fall, or tUting 
oyer of a load £nom a cart. 
* We've had a skdV 

Skell, V. to yell; to shriek; to 
cry out aloud * Ah gay him a 
cat wr whip, an didn't he 9kdl 

Bkell, V. to tUt : used in refer- 
ence to a cart, never in W. to a 

Skellagh [skelu'J, Skirlaugh, a 
Holdemess village. 

Skellet [skelit], a small sauce- 
pan with a long handle. 

Skell-up Fskel-uop'], to tilt up a 
cart Also, SkdUcwtr, 

Skelp [skelp], N. and K, a slap; 
a blow. 

Skelp, v. to flog with the open 
palm, generally posterionly. 
\ Thoo may gan oot an play, but 
if thoo mucks thysen Ahll gi' 
thft a good %kelpin, 

Skelper [skel-puYl, E. and N., 
anything particularly large or 
fine. 'She's a rare fine lass; 
she's a reglar aAeeZj»er.' 

Skelpin [skel*pin], K and N., 
ad^. abnormally large or fine. 
' That's a tkdpin tonnop (turnip), 
an neeah mistak.' 

Skeminle [skemni'l, E., v. to be- 
come prostrate; to fall over. *A 
gust o' wind com, an it «A;em- 
mVd ower at yance.' See Wem- 

Skep [skep], a straw beehive. 

Skep, a measure for farm or gar- 
den produce, as a bushel-«A^, a 
peck-«A:ep, &c. 

Skep, a wicker basket or scuttle 
used on the coast for gathering 

Skiflin [skif'linl E.,adj. frisky; 
frolicsome ; playfiil ; romping. 

' What a tkiflin lahtle thing that 
pony is ! ' 

Skill [skil], R and N., v. to un- 
derstand, or comprehend. *He 
talked sike gibberish, Ah couldn't 
shiU him at nowt.' 

SkilUgalee [skiligu'lee], prison 
gruel. GFenerally abbreviated to 

Skime [skaaym], E., v. to give a 
side glance; to cast a sheep's 
eye. ' Hejust skimed, and went 
on.' See Scarm. 

Skin [skin], v. to flog severely, 
so as to cause the skin to come 
off. * Bon thft ! Ahll skin thii 
wick, thoo young rackapelt,' 
Bum you ! Pll flay you alive, 
you young rascal. 

Skink [skingk], W., v. to stint 

Skinny [Bkin'i], adj. parsimo- 
nious; mggardly; meagre. 'He's 
a skinny Siap, an his wages is 
like him.' 

Skip-jack [skip-jaak], E. and N., 
a romping child. 

Skippen [skip'u'n], p. p. of to skip. 

Skirtins [sket'inz], E., sb. pL the 

Skit [skit], E and W., the diar- 

Skithor [skith-u'r^, E. and N., v. 
to run quickly; to skip along 
rapidly. ' Leeak at mah scoperil, 
hoo it skithere across teeable.' 

Skrake [skre*h'k], p. t of to 


Skrike [skreyk], a shriek; a 
loud outcry. 

Skrike, v. to skrick; to call out 

Skwelkinken [skwel-kingken], 
E. and W., a brothel. 

Slabbery [slaaboi'r'il, a^j. wet; 
sloppy ; oirty : used only in re- 
ference to the roads in rainy 



Slabs [slaabz], sb. pi. the four 
pieces of wood cut off in squar- 
ing the trunk of a tree. 

Slack [slaak], K and N., a small 

Slafther [slaaf -thu'r^, slaughter. 

Slammaok [slaam'u'k], E. and N., 
T. to dawdle, or loiter about. 
Also, to act in a vulgar or dis- 
reputable manner. 

Slammaekin fslaamni'kinl a4j. 
slatternly; slovenly; untidy in 

Slammacks [slaam'ulcs], E. and 
N.) a lazy, contemptible fellow. 

Slap [slaap], (1) a pool of spilt 
water, or other liquor; (2) a 
blow with the palm of the hand. 

Slap, y. to spill (water, &c.). 
' Gan an fetch a jug o' watther 
fre* pump, an mind thoo dizn*t 
alap neean upo' cleean fleer.' 

Slap. All of a Slap Tau -l-uv-u- 
slaap'], suddenly'; all at once; 
without previous warning. * Gkui 
doon that looan, an youll come 
$lap inti toon.' 

Slape [slae'pl, adj. slippery. A 
crafty, shuMing, unreliable per- 
son is said to be a slape chap. 

Slape-tongued [sle-h'p-tuongd], 
adj. plausible m speech; per- 
suasively eloquent. 

Slap-hooal [slaap-uo'h'l], a recep- 
tacle of dirty water. 

Slappen [slaap-u'n], p. p. of to 


Slappin [slaap'in], adj. extraor- 
dinarily large or fine. * That's a 
slappin hog thoo*s gotten T thi 

Slappy [slaap'i], adj. Same as 

Slappy, adj. thin; poor; watery. 
* ITye think Ah's boon to dhrink 
siko slappy stuff as that teeaP 
no! that Ah weean't' E. and 
N., addicted to drunkenness. 

8Dbih [alaaBh], y. to trim a hedge 
by chopping off the si^erfiuotiis 
twigs with a bill-hodk. 

Slaihin [slaashin], a^j. quick; 
large; good. 'Me went at a 
sUithin pace.' 

Slather [slaathn'i^, R, v. to s]^ 
a liquid from the veesd in wludi 
it is carried all along the route. 
'Leeak at him! he^s dcUhtTm 
pig-meeat all acroes hooee fleeax.' 

Slayyer [skavn'i^], spittle. 

Slayyer, v. to run at the month 
with saliva. 

Slayyerin [skav-u'r'in], adj. (1) 
unable to retain the saliva ; (2) 
E., adj. foul-mouthed; obeoene. 
Also applied to dninkarda. 

Slayyerment [skavn'ment], ful- 
some flattery; sycophantic adu- 
lation. Curiously enough, H 
has also a meaning exactly 
opposite, mgnifying insolence; 
impertinence ; rudeness. ' She 
praised awd woman's chis- 
keeaks, an said they was best 
\ counthry side ; bud it was all 
slawerment' *If thoo gies mH 
onny mare o' thy dawermttU 
Ahll gY th& summat ower lug 
at'U mak th& remember it.' 

Slaw-pooak [s1aa--puoh'k]yE. and 
N., a dunce ; a driveller. 

Sleok [slekl, a quencher of thirst; 
any kind of drinking liquid. 

* That beer's good sleek/ 

Sleek, y. to slake or quench: 
used almost exclusively in re- 
ference to thirst, fire, and limeu 

* Ah've dhrunk a qua]^ o' yall 
(ale), an Ah's nut hauf slid^i 

81eck-oot [8lek-oo*t], v. to extin- 
guish a fire by means of water. 

Sled [sled], a sledge. 

Sleeah [sli-h'], N. and W., a sloe. 

Sleean [sli'h'n], N., smut-smitten 


Sleeastlier [vli-h'sttin'r'], E. and 
W., V. to idle away tuun, piti- 
tpndinj; to be looking for e. y<h 
of work without caJTiig to o' 
tnin one. N., to do anything ._ 
a liurriod, bustling, maorderly 

Sleeasthris [pli-h'sthrin], E. and 

W., adj. lazy; loafiug. 
Sleeazy [slee'ri], N. and W., adj. 

poor ; thin ; course ; open in 

Slee^ [filee'p], T. (used aa a verb 

actiTe) to induce sleep. ' Did 

that mixthur docthur sent tlcep 

Slink [slingk], v. to loiter about. 

Slink off [alingk-aof-], v. to e1«al 
away sneakingly or covertly. 

Slip [slip], a pinafore. 

Slipe [sleyp], a smart blow. 

Slipe, a sarcasm; an innuendo. 
' Was that meeant for a slipf ? ' 

Slipe, E. and N., v. to eneer at ; 
to utt«r a taunt, earcaam, or 
satirical remark. 

Slipe, V. to draw off a tegument, 
as the skin of an eel, or anything 
that flUpa off easily. See Slape. 

Slipe- ower [sJeyii-aowuVl, to 
Bcamp work, or do it porfunc- 
birily. ■ Doeant spend lang 
(much time) at it; just ilipt it 

Slip-his-wind [skyp-iz-wind], to 

iuffling; ©c[uiTOCBting. 
^Slippy [slipi], E. and N., adj. 
I^^&me OS Slippery. Also,([uick: 
^^^■^wompt. ' Noo then, look ilippy 
^^■(make hoate), au get riddy fuV 

fflitiier [slidh-u'r'], v. to slide. 
' Ah say, lass, we're beginnin to 
tlithrr into society,' eaid a Oom- 
toon Council-man of Hull, who 

^lud lisen from humble begin- 
" B!", to his wife, after thfyhod | 

Slltherin-fellow [slidh-u'r'ia- 
fel-u'], N, and W., a slippery 
person; one not to be relied 

SUflier-pooak [slidhii'-puoh'kl.a 
loafing, idle follow. Almoist 
identical with Slitherin-fellow. 

Slithery [HJidh-uVi], adj, deceit- 
ful; untrustworthy. 

Slitten [alitu'n], p. p. of to s/il. 

alive [alaajv], E. and W.; 
Blahve [slim'vj, N., v. to lounge 
about in an idle, disreputable 

Slivin|f-abODt [Blaayvin-u'boo-t], 
R and W.; Slahvin-aboot, NI, 
loafing about careleasly and list- 
lessly, more apt to faU into die* 
reputable practices than to en- 
gage in honest labour. 

Slobber [Bloob'u'r'l, v. to slaver at 
the mouth ; to blabber. Also, 
to perform work in a slovenly, 
unworkmanlike style. 

Blooken [slaok u'n], v. lo suffocate 
or choke by drinking too rapidly 
or copiously. ' Youll ilocien 
that bayn if you give her her 
milk se fast.' 

Slodpe [slaojl, V. to slide the feet 
along in walking, from the feeble- 
ness of age, or from shoes too 
large or down at the heel& 

Bloffin [slaofin], N. and W., a 
puddle. It is a common saying 
to a boy who has done a service, 
■Thoo's a good lad; Ah"ll gi' 
tha nest haup'ny Alk find iv a, 


Slooat [shioh't], E., V. to dimin- 
ish in the downfall of rain ; to 
be about to cease raining. ' We 
muygau noo, it's nobbut afuontin.' 

Sloonge [sloo'nzh], N., n heavy 
blow with the open palm. ' If 
thoo disn't keep sljll, Ah'U gi' 
tha a nlouiuje ower heead.' 



Sloonge, N., v. to loiter; also, to 
walk with a stooping, wriggling 

Slope off [slaop-aof], v. to go off. 

Slops [slaops], N., sb. pi. the legs 
of a pair of trowsers. 

Sloih [slaosh], E. and W., mud. 

Slot [slaot], the bolt of a door ; 
T. to shoot the bolt of a door. 

Slott a broad hem, in which a 
string or tape is inserted for 
drawing together a garment. 

Slot, V. to make a hem for the 
insertion of a cord. 

Slotherd [slaoth-u'd], W., pp. 
besmearea. ' That es alle sloterid 
in syn.' — ^Bd. Rolle de Hampole, 
Pricke of Coruciencej 2367. 

Slot-off fslaot-aof-], N. and W., 
to go on hastily. 

Slottiii-needle [slaotin-nee-dul], 
a long-eyed needle, a species of 
bodkin, nsed for passing tape 
through a slot, 

Slowp [slaowp], V. to drink 
greedily ; to make an unpleasant 
noise in drinking. ' He BlowpH it 
all up, an didn't leeaye a dhrop 
for neeabody else.' 

Slowp, V. to sweep off. * He 
8lfnvp*t all awd man left,' he 
cleared off, or took possession 
of, all the effects of a deceased 

Slowp, or Slope (N., slipe) off 

Sslaowp-aof], v. to abscond ; to 
epart clandestinoly. 

Slubber [sluob-uY], E. and N., v. 
to drinlE witii a g^urgling noise. 

Slndge-hooal [sluoj-uoh'l], a pud- 

Sluff [aluof], the outer integu- 
ment : used in reference to the 
Kkin of an eel, or snake, &c., 
which slips off easily. Also, the 
skin of the goofk?berry and other 

Slnfl^ V. to withdraw from the 
skin, in the manner €si skinning 
an eeL 

Slog [sluog], R and K, t. to 
flog ; to beat. 

Slnggin [sluognn], E. and N., a 

Slnggin, E., adj. large; extra- 

Slnmmoz [sluom'u'ks], E., a lazy, 
hulking fellow. 

Sltmken [sluong-ku'n], p. p. of to 

Slosh [sluoshl, E. and N., v. to 
be employed in dirty, disagree- 
able work. ' Ab waim't like mah 
wife tY be dttshin aboot f dooases 
i* that way.* 

Slnsh-wahk [sluosh'-waa-k], 
dirty, menial work. ' Missis dix 
cooking an sike like, an lass dis 
all slush'Wahk.' 

Slttther [sluoth-uy], N. and W., 
mud. Sluihery weather and 
duthery roads refer to rainy wea- 
ther, and, consequently, muddy 

Slnther-mnck [sluodh-u'-muok], 
R, a dirty, bedraggled person. 

Smashen [smaash'u'n], p. p. of to 

Smatoh [smaachj, a slightly 
foreigner tainted nay our or taste. 

Smather-np [smaathu'r'-uop-], N., 
to squeeze up into a ball, as a 
sheet of paper, by the hand. 

Smellen [smel-u'n], p. p. of to 


Smiddy [smid-i], a blacksmith's 

Smit [smit], v. to infect ; to oon- 
Tey a disease. ' Thoo'd beth-er 
nut gan an see her, she's gotten 
fever, an 11 smit thS.' 

Smithereens [smidh-uree*nz], 




Smithers [smidh'u'z], Same 
as SmitnereenB. 

Smits [smitz], sb. pi. particles of 
soot floating in the air. 

Smittin [smit'in], adj. infectious. 
See Catchin, from wluch it 
differs, as implying transmitting, 
and the latter receiving, conta- 
gion or infection. 

Smock [smack], N. and W., a 

Smoek-feeae'd [smaok-fih'st], 
pale-faced; of delicate aspect. 

SmoU [smaowll, N. and W., v. 
to ripen fruit Dy wrapping it in 

Smoot [smoo't], K, a hole in a 
hedge, in the track of a hare. 

Smopple [smaop'u'll, E. and N., 
adj. brittle. In E., sometimes, 
the form BmoppVd is used. 

Smor [smuo-hY], E. and N., v. to 
become oppressed by heat. 

Smork [smaor'k], N., v. to smile 
hypocritically or sarcastically. 

Smudge [smuoj], E. and W., a 
smut or smear. 

Smudge, K and W., v. to be- 

Smudge, v. to smoulder. 'Fire 
weeant bon, it nobbot emudgea* 

Snack [snaak], v. to snatch. 

Snacks. To go snacks rtu*-guoh'- 

snaaks], to share equally. 

Snaffle [snaaf'ul], v. to speak 
through the nose. 

Snafflin [snaaf*lin], adj. whining; 
canting ; nasal speaking. < 0, 
him! he's a snafflin g^od-for- 
nowt; Ah wadn't give him a 

Snag [snaag], v. to grumble per- 
sistently, with an accompaniment 
of satirical, irritating remarks; 
identical with the more generally 
used word knag. 

Snaggo [snaag'au"], E., a slight 
blow on the nose with the finger. 
A child's term. 

Snaggy [snaag'i], adj. cross- 
grained; ill-tempered. 

Snake-steean [snae-k-sti*h'n], the 
petrified comu ammonis, found in 
abundance on the coast near 
Whitby, and supposed by the 
vulgar to have been snakes, 
miraculously changed to stone 
by St Hilda. 

Snape [sne-h'p], E. and N., v. to 
check. 'Ah should anape that 
bayn, an not let him hev ms awn 
wy iv iwery thing, like his 
mother diz.' 

Snappen [snaap'u'n], p. p. of to 

Snatch [snaach], E., a small 
quantity ; also, a slight flavour. 
See Smatch. 

Snawn [snau*n], p. p. of to 
* It's snawn all way here.' 


Sneap [sni-h'pl, N., v. to snuff 
(a candle). Almost obsolete. 

Sneck [snek], a door-latch. 

Sneck, v. to latch a door or gate. 

Sneck, N., v. to check or prevent. 

Sneck-hooal [snek*-uoh'11, a hole 
in the door, through which the 
finger is put to lift the sneck or 
latch, or through which a string 
hangs for the same pur^se. In 
the Nursery tale of * Inttle Bed 
Riding Hood,' the grandmother 
tells the wolf to * pml the bobbin 
and the latch will go up.* 

Sneck-up [snek-uop], W., to fail 
in an enterprise or undertaking. 

Sneeal-gallop [sneel-gaalu'p], a 
derisive expression for slowness 
of motion. 

Sneeazle [sm*h'zu'l],N.,v. to move 

Sneeazle-pooak [sni-h'zu'l 

puo'h'k], N., a hesitating, dila- 
tory person. 



Sneel [snee*!], a snail. 

* Sned ! sneel ! put out yer horn ; 
Yer fa3rther an mother 11 gie y^ 

somo com.'— Child's Rhyme, 

Snew [sniw, snoo*], p. t. of to 

Snickler [snik-luV], N., a clench- 
ing argument; conclusiye evi- 

SnicluiiarU [snik'snaa-Iz], E., 
eh. pi. twists or kinks in thread 
or rope. See Snock-snarlB. 

Bnifther [snif thuY], v. to snifif-up 
in the nose. 

Sniftberin [snifthu'r'in], E., adj. 
snorting: also, disagreeable. 

Bnig [snig], N. and W., v. to 
drag along a heavy mass by a 

Snigger [snig-u'r'], W., laugh 
derisively or scornfully. 

Sniggle [snig-u'l], W., to laugh 
chucklingly or sneeriugly. 

Snigg^ [8nig'i],adj. mean; stingy. 

• What a sniggy awd chap he is ! 
he gives us nowt but swipes \ 

Snipe [sneyp], N., v. to blow the 
nose with the finger and thumb. 
A corruption of snite, the usual 
M. E. word for the operation. 

Snivels [snivu'lzj, a cold, accom- 
panied by a difficulty of breath- 
ing, and a running at the nose. 

Snock-snarls [snaok*-snaa"lz], 
sb. pi. wrinkles in the skin of 
fhiite, or on paint, when laid on 
too thickly. 

Snog [snaogl, adj. and adv. snug ; 
quiet ; unootrusive; secret, * Ah 
hain't tell'd neeabody else, sooah 
keep it «wogr/ 1. c. do not repeat it. 

Snoodge [snuoj], v. to press closely 

Snoot [snoo*t], the nose. 

Snot [snaot], the mucus of the 
nose. Derived from snout, the 
nose. See Snipe. 

Snot, a mean, despicable, dis- 
honourable person. 

Snot-clont [snaot*-tloo"t],a hand- 

Snother [snaothuV], v. to blub- 
ber or cry, with a snorting of 
the nose. 'He sat there blub- 
berin an snMerin for a noor ' (an 
hour). Derived from Snot, supra. 

Snnskin [snuos'kin], N. Any- 
thing burnt or dried up in the 
oven is said to be ' dhned tiv a 

Snnzzle r<nuoz*u'l], E. ; Snoosle* 

N. and W., v. to nestle, as a 
child on the bosom of its mother. 

Soak, E.; Sooak, N. and W. 

[suo'h'k], V. tobebakedthorough- 
y. *It's nobbut hauf-baked; 
let it stop Y yune (oven) a bit 
lang-er, an soak,^ Also used 
transitively, in N. and W. 

Sob bled [saobuldl, K, adj. 
thoroughly saturated. 'Booads 
was varry wet, an wer (our) 
stockings is getten sobbled,* 

Sock [saok], a ploughshare. 

Socket-brass [saok-it-braas], W., 

Sodden fsaod'u'n], adj. thick- 
headed; aull of apprehension. 

Soft [saoft], adj. and adv. weak- 
minded. Formerly, meek-mind- 
ed, as in Cranmtrs Bible, Phil, 
iv. 5. * Let your softness be 
shewn to all men.' Afterwards 
rendei*ed as ' patient mind.' 

Soft, E. and N., easily afifrighted, 
or apprehensive of danger. ' Men*8 
awlas a deal so/ther then women 
when they ail owt ' (are unwell). 

Soft-weatber [saoft-wedh-uY], 
moist or rainy weather. 

Soho [su'au*], N., a call to stop. 



Solemness [saol'u'mnu's], N., 

SoUd [saoMd], E. and W.; SoUt, 
N., grave; serious; concerned. 

* He leeak'd varry solid abootit.* 

Solid, heavy; ponderous. 'He's 
nobbut a labtle chap, bud he 
seems 'nation solidJ 

Soaal [suo-hl], E. and N., v. to 
beat, as with the sole of a ^pper. 

Sooalin [suo'h'lln], E. and K., a 

Sooar [suo'u*!*], adj. sore; sour. 

Sooas eroon [suo-h's kroo'*n1, E., 
a ridiculous or grotesque object 

* Did iwer onnybody see sike a 
sooas croon as she's meead of her- 

Sooat [suo'h't], sort 

Sooat) V. to sort ; to arrange. 

Sooat, N. and W., v. p. t. of 
to seek; sought. See Sowt. 

Sooat, N. and W., a syringe ; v. 
to syringe. See Squat. 

Sooker [soo'ku'r*], a bo/s play- 
thing, consisting of a piece of 
moist leather attached to a string, 
adhering by stictton to a stone, 
which can thus be carried at the 
end of the string; lit sucker. 

Soond [soo'nd], N., v. to swoon. 

* He soonded reet away.' 

Sop [saop], N., a second swarm of 
bees from the same hiva 

Sor [saorj, sir, the compliment- 
ary moae of addressing a person, 
but not the title of a baronet or 
knight, which is always pro- 
nounced Sik [su*]. 

So-80 [sau'8an"l,adv. indifferently 
bad: generally used in reference 
to health or circumstances; as, 

* She's nobbot so-so* — unwell. 
Also, of inferior quality, as, 

* That beer's varry so-so.* 

S088 [saos], a heavy fall. ' He 
slip't off stee (ladder) an com 
doon wi sike a soss,' 

So88, E., V. to lap like a dog. 

Sothed fsaodh-u'd], N., adj. sod- 
dened oy lying in water ; wrink- 
led, as the hands become after 
immersion in water for a long 

Sour as sour [suo-u'r'-u'z-suo-uY], 
very ill-tempered. A form of ex- 
pression made use of in respect 
of all adjectives. 

Sonr-docken [suoh'-daoku'n], 

Sowle [saowi], N., v. to chastise. 

* He'll go, he says, and sowle the 
porter of Rome gates by the ears.* 
— Shakspere, Cor.y Act IV. sa v. 

Sowmy [saowmi], N., adj. moist 
and warm : appued only to the 

Sowt [saowt], V. p. t. of to seek. 
See Sooat. 

Sowten, p. p. of to seek, 

Spak, Spok [spaak, spaok], v. p. t. 

of to speak, 

* Then spak Regner Edmimde.' 

' He spak to hem a worde.' 


Spang [spaang], N. and W., v. 
to throw violently. Also, to 

Spank [spaangk], v. to flog (a 
child). * If thoo disn't be quiet 
Ahll gie th& a spankin.' 

Spankin [8paang*kin], adj. a 
superlative adjunct to adjectives, 
as, * a spankin new hat.' Fre- 
quently used, however, to denote 
anything of superior quality, as, 

* a spankin hoss.' 

Spare [spae-r'], adj. lean ; thin ; 

Spare-rib [spae'rib], the rib of a 
pig with a thin covering of flesh. 

S p a r r a - g r a s s [ spaar u'-graas], 

asparagus. * Wild sparagras, 
which grows on the coast.* — 
I>r MnHin Lister, of York, 1698. 



SpaTed-gOt fspe-h'Td-gilt], a eat 
sow-pig: tne operation is not 
often performed in consequence 
of the danger attending it. An 
cpen gUi is an nncat sow. 

Speck [spek], N. and W., t. to 

Speean [spi-h'n], N., y. to wean 
an infanty and commence feeding 
it with a spoon. The same term 
is applied to the weaning of 
joung animals, although no 
spoon is used. This term may 
haye had its origin in the now 
obsolete word apeeoHj teat, dng ; 
bnt gpeeartj in the H. dialect, 
means spoon, and to apftan a 
child or animal is popularly 
understood in the aboye sense 
and no other. 

Speein-glass [spee-in-dlaas], W. ; 
Spee-glass, N. ; Spy-glass, £., 
a telescope. 

Sp€ldhre [speldhuYlX.and W., 
y. to spell. * Oor iahtle Tom's 
beginnin tl lahn apeldhrin,' 

Speldhrinbeeak [speldhrin 
bih'k], a spelling-book. 

Spelk [spelk], E., a thin piece of 
wood used m thatching. 

Spenden [spen'du'n], p. p. of to 

Spice-keeak, or breead [speys- 

ki'hTc, or bri'h'd], plum-cake or 
broad. In N. and W. the term 
is also applied to those made 
with currants only. 

Spif an spack bran-new [spif-u'n- 

spaak-braan-neu*], adj. quite 

Spinna-web [spin-u'-wcl)], N., a 


Spit [spit], a spade's depth in 

Spits-wi-rain [spits-wi-ro/h'n]. 
* It jurtt sjn'tS'iiH-rain,^ i. e. it 
Tain>^ \vv\ sli;rhtlv. 

Spittle [spxtml], R, a spade with 
a curyed edge, used fiar S^P* 

Spittl»«wer [spit-ul-aowni'r], N., 
y. to dig oyer a piece of gnrand 
with a spade. 

Splather [spLaathVi^ a splashing 
of water. 

Splather, a brawling or noisy 
altercation about a trifling mat- 
ter. 'Whyifsnowttthooneednt 
mak sike a wplatker aboot it' 

Splather, y. to splash water or 

Splaw-fboted [splan-foot-idjjadj. 
haying the toestuming outwards 
in walking. 

Splawther [splau'dhn'r'], y. to ex- 
tend unduly outwards ; to walk 
with the limbs outstretched or 

Splawtherin [splau'dhuVinl, adj. 
sprawling, ungainly, or awkward 
in gait, or when lying or sitting. 
*He*s splawtlterineti walker at 
iyyer Ah seed.'. 

Splet [splet], y. to split. 'Ah 

laughcKi fit ta spltt ' is a common 
Holdemess saying, and is not 
uncommon elsewhere. 

Splet, a quarrel or coolness be> 
tween friends, f . e. a spiU or 
breach in the hitherto existing 

Splet, y. to diyulge a secret 
* Ah*ll tell tha what'U win Le- 
ger, bud thoo moant splet,* 

Splet. Going fall q>let [ganin- 
fuol-splet'l, running swiftly: 
doing anything with yigour ana 
determination : an expression 
common in some other dialects. 

Splet-craw [splet-crau*], the pub- 
lic house sign of the two-headed 

Spletten [splet u'n], past pp. split 

Splnther [8pluoth'uY],y. to speak 
in a stammering, confused, or 
excited manner. 


,aon], Spurn, at the mouth 
of the Uutnber. 

Spot [apoot], a eituation or place 
ofserviae. 'Mary's getten a jjxrf, 
bud Ah deeaut t&iok hor and her 
iniiitliris 'U agree lang.' 

8pota [apaots], eb. pi. isolated 
patches. ' It rains 1* KpoU.' 

Sprade [sprae'd], p. t. of to njyri'wl. 

N., a ;liminutive person, goner- 
ally utjod with the Buperfluous 
prufix — lii/ille. 

Spreead [.spri'h'dl, v. to spread or 
scatter huy, after mowing, Ibr 
thopurposo of drying it. ' What's 
Jack aboot te-day ? He's ipreaid- 

Bpremk [sprengk], E. and N., a 
drop of liquid. In E. generally 
trcim a boiling Tessel, 

Sprenk, E. and ^., v. to sprinkle. 

Sprooten [sproo'tu'n], p. p. of to 

Sprnn^en [spruong'u'n], p. p. of 

Spmnt [spruont], N., v. to shy ; 

to take fiight and holt off; uaod 

in reference to horses. 
Spue [speu-], V. to vomit. 
Spunky [spnong'ki], adj. spirited; 

lively; vivacious. 'Sh^'aaspun/c;/ 

laee ; she's up tl all sooats o' 

Bpurrini [spaor'inz]. sb. pi. l>unns 

of mati-iiaouy. ' Weel, noo then 

1X3 thoo's said yia at last, we mud 

(might) as weel put epiirri'ii in 

at yance.' 
8py-oh [spaay-au"], a boy's game 

of hidx-and-eeek. 
Spythad [spaay-dhu'd], a spider. 
Squat [skwaat], E. and W., i 

syringe. See SooOit. 
Squat, K. and W., v. to s(|uirt. 
Ut, adj. small and stumpy 
&. tqaat Uhtle osa.' 

Squat, adj, secret. 'Keep It 
tqunt,' keep it to yourself. ' Keep 
squat,' conceal yourself. 

Squather [skwaathu'r'J, v. tjj dis- 
perse ; to scatter abroad ; to 
squander. ' He seean iquath^d 
bit o' money hiafaythor left him.' 

Squawk [akwau'k], E., v. to 
squeak ; to shiiek. 

Squeeal [squi-h'l], v. to cry out 
or scream with a shrill voice. 

Bqnisten [sqwin'tu'n], p. p. of to 
»';ut'n(. Also, to look overslightly. 
' Ah haint read it, AhVe juot 
aquiiitea at it.' 

Squitlierin [ekwidh-u'r'in], N". 
andW., small; mean; contempt- 
ible. ' A lahtle iquitherin fellS,' 
a mean, insignificant person. 

Staok [staak], an oblong stack of 
com or hay, only, is so denom- 
inated ; those which are round 
being called Pike*. 

Stack, N. and W., v. p. t. of to 

Stack-bara [staak- baa-z], E. and 
W., sb. pi. hurdlea placed round 
Htacks for protection from cattle. 
Stacker, v. to stagger; to be- 
wilder ; to porples ; to strike 
with astoniahmcnt or incompre- 
hensibilit)'. ''Weel! that rcclar 
stacJ^TS ma ; it knocks m9 all of 
a heeap ti tell how he could deeah 
Stag [st.-j.i«], E.; Steg [steg], 

'" , a. rude, rompiug girl. 
Stag^atll [staag-u'th], a stack- 
Stagnated [gtaagiiaetid], adj. 
stricken diunb with astoniahment 
or ['onstemation. ' He was tttg- 
n<iM when Ah tell'd liim she 
was doead.' 
Stahuil [staa'uil], a starling. 
Stahv'd [staavd], pp. exceesirely 
colli ' Let's come an wann my 
son, for Ah's ommort ttalir'd te 



deeath.' This word is seldom 
used (in N. and E. Holds, never) 
to signify perishing through lack 
of f(X)d. 

Stftithe [ste'h'dh],a wooden land- 
ing-plaoe or jettyfor barges. A 
common term inxork, Hull, &o. 

8tak [staak], p. t. of to stick. 

Stall'd [stauld], pp. satiated. 

Stampen [staamp'u'n], p. p. of to 

Stand fstaand], a stall or stand- 
ing-place in a fiedr or market. 

Stand, v. to cost. ' Tbe/U stand 
m& liye shillin a peeace, all 

Stand-up [staand-uop], used as a 
verb. * Stand it up ageean wall.' 

Stang [staang], E., a bar or pole. 

Stang, y. to shoot with pain, as 
an aching tooth. 

Stang. Eiding the stang : a cus- 
tom, now growing obsolete, of 
carrying a wife-beater, or more 
recently his repreeentatiye or 
effigy, round the town or yiUage 
bestriding a polo or ladder, with 
interyals of rest at street comers, 
where a rude ditty is chaunted. 
* With a ran dan dan, at the sign 

of the old tin can, 
An much ageeanst his ease, does 

Willy ride the stang; 
For he's been beatin an bangin 

of his wife ; 
Ho boat her ; ho bang*d her; he 

bang'd hor indeed ; 
He bang'd hor, although she 

niwer stood V need,* &c. 
The ceromonies vary in almost 
every village. 

Stannin [stoan-in], a stall in a 

Stannin-jack [staan*in-jaak-], N., 
a raised meat pie, with a thick 
cniat, made for farm-labourers. 

Stan-shills [staan-shu'ls], N., 
sb. pi. the wooden bars of a 

Stam [staa-n], N., a sty or small 
tumour on the eyelidi 

Stanye [stau-y], y, to loaf about 
in a loutish way; £., to go about 

Stanyin [stau-vin], K, a loutish, 
ungainly fellow. 

Stanyin, adj. duinsy; ekywniah; 

Stanyy [stau*viL an appdlation 

S'ven to a loanng lout.. ' Keep 
y hands tt thysen, tiioo greeat 

Stock [stek], W. and, less com- 
monly, N., y. to fasten a gate or 
door. In most Glossaries this 
word is rendered ' to shut,' which 
is an error, at least so £eu: aa W. 
H. is concerned, in which sense 
it is never used, the simple and 
only meaning being ' to fasten,' 
derived from the ancient mode of 
fastening gates with a stake. In 
the old Scottish BaUad Psor 
Peehlea, attributed to Kng 
James L (Sco.), occurs the pas- 
sage — ' And our door has ne site- 
Me ' (no fastener). 

Steddle [stedu'l], K and W., the 
straw foundation of a stack. Also, 
E., the place where a * stock* 
has been standing. A.S. atathot, 
a foundation. 

Stee [stee], a ladder. A.8. 
stigaiif to ascend or climb. SUtirs 
and stile, in a pathway, have 
the same origin ; as also stirrup, 
originally sty-rope, A.S. sttgrdp, 

Steead [stih'd], K, p. t. of to 

stand, * Ah steead all tahm«' 

Steeaden [stih'du'n], p. p. of to 
stand. See Standen. 

Steean [sti'h'n], a stone. 

Steean'doss [sti'h'nd-aos], a stal- 
lion. In an Act of Part for the 
regulation of Parks and Chases, 
32 Hen. VII., it was enacted that 
no ' stoned horses' should be put 



d [stee-dj, or Steead [atrli'd], 

a pluce: as Ya,iaBiad, Farm- 

itread, &c. A.S. eltdt, a etanJ- 


Steepen [steepu'n], p. p. of to 


Steeper [atee'pu'r"], a heavy down- 
pour <jf mill, 

Steepin [at«<;-pm], adj. Boaking; 
sutiirutiiig. ' A atttpin o' rain,' 
ii lieavy ilowil-pour. 

Steg, Avd-ste^ [au-d-steg], a 
gnoder. N,, a. eontoiuptuoua ap- 
p«llatdon given to women, 

Steg-neck'd [steg-oekt], E. and 
N., adj. a term applied to com 
when the ears dioop down in 
coneoqupnce of their weight, 

Steng [s^ng]; T«°ff [^^e], v. 
to Bting. 

Stewon [stBvu'u], N. and E., a 
loud cry or shout, A.S. ite/n. 

Stewon, N. and E., v. to shout ; 
to make a loud outcry. ' Steiiim 
not or they woean't hear tha." 

Stew [steu-], a dual-cloiid. 
' What a itew thoo's makkin wl' 
sweeping that tieer; sprenk some 
watther ower it.' 

SteWt a ferment ; on ebullition of 

Stev, V. to do anything in an 

excited, agitated, confused way. 
Stew Qp [t<t«u-uop-], to confine 

oneselJ to one place. ' Deeant 

strii' thysen up I hooae.' 
Sthraddle [sthraad-u'11, v. to be- 

Btrido ; to walk with the legs 

widely asunder. 
Sthrade [sthre-li'd], p. t. of to 

Sthradlina [stliraadlinz], E. and 

W.. adv. iiBtride. 
Sthrake [atre-h'k], p. t. of to 

atrik-t. ' He tlralK at her full 
[ rtrong.' — The Prion .%«' of 
kthj, Itmjy. Uon, Vll. 

Stbramash [sthraani-u'slt], N., v. 
to reduce to fragments. 

Sthrang [stliraang], adj. strong. 
' Thine anemye nail be made 
wiwke: thou sail be made i(ru«jfc.' 
— Hampole, /Vow I'Tratiia, iii. 9. 

8thrange[Hthre'h'nzli'], adv. very. 
This common word is uaed in 
many different forms; as, 'He's 
a athrange queer chap.' ■ Ah's 
sihrange an thrang (busy) just 
noo, wi' lambin.' 'A itliraitge 
deal o' people.' ' Thur wao 
sthraiige ti deeah,' »'. e. unusual 
bustle or excitement, or wonder- 
ful goings on. 

8thrappin[stbmap-in],adj. lusty; 
robust; tull. 

Stbreea [sthri-h'], straw. 

Sthreean [sthiiu'n], a strain or 

Stlireean, race or breed. ' That 

dog wadn't tackle a rat ; he'enat 
o' reel at/irrean.' 

Sthilokle [sthrik-u'l], a scythe- 
sharpener — a wooden instnuuent 
besmeared with grease and 

Sthriddle [stbridu'l], v, to stride; 
to sit astride on horseback. 

Stbriddlin [sllirid-lin], bold ; for- 
ward; romping; immodest: ap- 
plied to girls. 

Sthrike [sthrey-k], W., a bushel, 
grain measure. Also, a flat piece 
of wixwl UHod for drawing over a 
com-measuru, to level the hut- 

Sthrinkle [sthringku'l], v. to 

sprinkle, Ui scatter. 
Stlu^ppen [sthrip-u'n], p. p. of to 

Sthritcll [strich], v. to exnggerale, 

Sthritoli-aboot, E. and N., to walk 

with a nif)ck dignified mien, or 



with supercilious airs. 'Noo 
he's getten that bit o' money, he 
ithritchea aboot like a lord.' 

Sthritoh-away, v. to walk rapidly. 

Sthriten-away, ;Sthriten-iip, 
Sthriten-doon [sthreytu'n- 
uwae, uop, doo'n], various forms 
with the same meaning; y. lit, 
to straighten ; to clear away, as 
plates and dishes after a meal; 
to put in order a disarranged 

Sthrites [sthreyts], quits. * He 
g^ mS a rattle owad gob, an Ah 
gay him a cloot owad lug ; an 
seeah we're sthrites.* 

Sfhroppinfl [sthraop-inz], sb. pi. 
the last droppings of milk from 
a cow's udder when being milked, 
t. e, strippings. 

Sthruck-sthroke [sthruok- 
sthrau'k], E. and N., v. to com- 
mence or to do any kind of work. 
*They ha'nt sthruck-s